[JPRT, 110th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]






                      COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
                     COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

=======================================================================

 
        Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005

                                     
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TONGRESS.#15

                                     


                         JOINT COMMITTEE PRINT

                                MAY 2008


                              VOLUME II-A

                        OF VOLUMES II-A AND II-B

                        CURRENT LEGISLATION AND

                        RELATED EXECUTIVE ORDERS


                     U.S. House of Representatives

                              U.S. Senate
 Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005--Volume II-A of Volumes 
                             II-A and II-B
?



                      COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
                     COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

=======================================================================


        Legislation on
        Foreign Relations
        Through 2005

                                     
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TONGRESS.#15

                                     

                                MAY 2008

                              VOLUME II-A

                        OF VOLUMES II-A AND II-B

                        CURRENT LEGISLATION AND

                        RELATED EXECUTIVE ORDERS

                     U.S. House of Representatives

                              U.S. Senate

 Printed for the use of the Committees on Foreign Affairs and Foreign 
 Relations of the House of Representatives and the Senate respectively



                    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
                           WASHINGTON : 2008
27-332 PS                                                               
                                             

_______________________________________________________________________

 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing 
                                 Office
 Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov  Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC area 
                             (202) 512-1800
    Fax: (202) 512-2250  Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001
?

                      COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

                 HOWARD L. BERMAN, California, Chairman

GARY L. ACKERMAN, New York           ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida
ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, American      CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey
Samoa                                DAN BURTON, Indiana
DONALD M. PAYNE, New Jersey          ELTON GALLEGLY, California
BRAD SHERMAN, California             DANA ROHRABACHER, California
ROBERT WEXLER, Florida               DONALD A. MANZULLO, Illinois
ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York             EDWARD R. ROYCE, California
BILL DELAHUNT, Massachusetts         STEVE CHABOT, Ohio
GREGORY W. MEEKS, New York           THOMAS G. TANCREDO, Colorado
DIANE E. WATSON, California          RON PAUL, Texas
ADAM SMITH, Washington               JEFF FLAKE, Arizona
RUSS CARNAHAN, Missouri              MIKE PENCE, Indiana
JOHN S. TANNER, Tennessee            JOE WILSON, South Carolina
GENE GREEN, Texas                    JOHN BOOZMAN, Arkansas
LYNN C. WOOLSEY, California          J. GRESHAM BARRETT, South Carolina
SHEILA JACKSON LEE, Texas            CONNIE MACK, Florida
RUBEN HINOJOSA, Texas                JEFF FORTENBERRY, Nebraska
JOSEPH CROWLEY, New York             MICHAEL T. McCAUL, Texas
DAVID WU, Oregon                     TED POE, Texas
BRAD MILLER, North Carolina          BOB INGLIS, South Carolina
LINDA T. SANCHEZ, California         LUIS G. FORTUNO, Puerto Rico
DAVID SCOTT, Georgia                 GUS BILIRAKIS, Florida
JIM COSTA, California                VACANT
ALBIO SIRES, New Jersey
GABRIELLE GIFFORDS, Arizona
RON KLEIN, Florida
BARBARA LEE, California

                     Robert R. King, Staff Director

                Yleem Poblete, Republican Staff Director

                                 ______

                     COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

                JOSEPH R. BIDEN, Jr., Delaware, Chairman

CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut     RICHARD G. LUGAR, Indiana
JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts         CHUCK HAGEL, Nebraska
RUSSELL D. FEINGOLD, Wisconsin       NORM COLEMAN, Minnesota
BARBARA BOXER, California            BOB CORKER, Tennessee
BILL NELSON, Florida                 GEORGE V. VOINOVICH, Ohio
BARACK OBAMA, Illinois               LISA MURKOWSKI, Alaska
ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey          JIM DeMINT, South Carolina
BENJAMIN L. CARDIN, Maryland         JOHNNY ISAKSON, Georgia
ROBERT P. CASEY, Jr., Pennsylvania   DAVID VITTER, Louisiana
JIM WEBB, Virginia                   JOHN BARRASSO, Wyoming

                   Antony J. Blinken, Staff Director

            Kenneth A. Myers, Jr., Republican Staff Director

                                  (ii)

  
?

                                FOREWORD

                              ----------                              

    This volume of legislation and related material is part of 
a five volume set of laws and related material frequently 
referred to by the Committees on Foreign Affairs of the House 
of Representatives and Foreign Relations of the Senate, amended 
to date and annotated to show pertinent history or cross 
references.
    Volumes I (A and B), II (A and B), III and IV contain 
legislation and related material and are republished with 
amendments and additions on a regular basis. Volume V, which 
contains treaties and related material, will be revised as 
necessary.
    We wish to express our appreciation to Dianne E. Rennack 
and Matthew C. Weed of the Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade 
Division of the Congressional Research Service of the Library 
of Congress and Suzanne Kayne of the U.S. Government Printing 
Office who prepared volume II-A of this year's compilation.
                                           Howard L. Berman,
                            Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs.
                                           Joseph R. Biden, Jr.,
                          Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations.

                                                      May 23, 2008.

                                 (iii)
?

                            EXPLANATORY NOTE

                              ----------                              

    The body of statutory law set out in this volume was in 
force, as amended, at the end of 2005.
    This volume sets out ``session law'' as originally enacted 
by Congress and published by the Archivist of the United States 
as ``slip law'' and later in the series United States Statutes 
at Large (as subsequently amended, if applicable). Amendments 
are incorporated into the text and distinguished by a footnote. 
Session law is organized in this series by subject matter in a 
manner designed to meet the needs of the Congress.
    Although laws enacted by Congress in the area of foreign 
relations are also codified by the Law Revision Counsel of the 
House of Representatives, typically in title 22 United States 
Code, those codifications are not positive law and are not, in 
most instances, the basis of further amendment by the Congress. 
Cross references to the United States Code are included as 
footnotes for the convenience of the reader.
    All Executive orders and State Department delegations of 
authority are codified and in force as of January 11, 2006.
    Corrections may be sent to Dianne E. Rennack at Library of 
Congress, Congressional Research Service, Washington D.C., 
20540-7460, or by e-mail at drennack@crs.loc.gov.

                                  (v)
?

                             ABBREVIATIONS

                              ----------                              



Bevans......................................  Treaties and Other
                                               International Agreements
                                               of the United States of
                                               America, 1776-1949,
                                               compiled under the
                                               direction of Charles I.
                                               Bevans.
CFR.........................................  Code of Federal
                                               Regulations.
EAS.........................................  Executive Agreement
                                               Series.
F.R.........................................  Federal Register.
LNTS........................................  League of Nations Treaty
                                               Series.
I Malloy, II Malloy.........................  Treaties, Conventions,
                                               International Acts,
                                               Protocols, and Agreements
                                               Between the United States
                                               of America and Other
                                               Powers, 1776-1909,
                                               compiled under the
                                               direction of the United
                                               States Senate by William
                                               M. Malloy.
R.S.........................................  Revised Statutes.
Stat........................................  United States Statutes at
                                               Large.
TIAS........................................  Treaties and Other
                                               International Acts
                                               Series.
TS..........................................  Treaty Series.
UNTS........................................  United Nations Treaty
                                               Series.
U.S.C.......................................  United States Code.
UST.........................................  United States Treaties and
                                               Other International
                                               Agreements.


                                  (vi)


                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page

FOREWORD.........................................................   iii

EXPLANATORY NOTE.................................................     v

ABBREVIATIONS....................................................    vi

D. DEPARTMENT OF STATE...........................................     1

 1. Authorizations and Appropriations............................     5
 2. Organization and Administration..............................   706
 3. Diplomatic Security and Anti-Terrorism.......................  1020
 4. Passport Laws and Regulations................................  1213
 5. International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-
    292).........................................................  1263
 6. Foreign Service Buildings....................................  1299
 7. International Center Act (Public Law 90-553, as amended).....  1314
 8. Foreign Gifts and Decorations................................  1318
 9. Immigration, Migration, and Refugee Assistance...............  1333
10. Recognition by the United States of Foreign Governments 
    (Senate Resolution 205, 91st Congress).......................  1421
11. The Asia Foundation Act (Public Law 98-164) (partial text)...  1422

E. INFORMATION AND EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS....  1424

 1. United States Information and Educational Exchange Act and 
    Related Materials............................................  1427
 2. Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act and Related 
    Materials....................................................  1557
 3. Vietnam Education Foundation Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-554) 
    (partial text)...............................................  1595
 4. Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act of 1998 
    (Public Law 105-319) (partial text)..........................  1602
 5. Caribbean and Central America Scholarship Assistance (Public 
    Law 101-382) (partial text)..................................  1605
 6. United States Scholarship Progam for Developing Countries 
    Authorization, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93) 
    (partial text)...............................................  1608
 7. National Endowment for Democracy Act (Public Law 98-164) 
    (partial text)...............................................  1615
 8. Fascell Fellowship Act (Public Law 99-399) (partial text)....  1622
 9. Soviet, Former Soviet, Eastern European Education and 
    Training Programs............................................  1626
10. United States-India Programs.................................  1644
11. Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Act of 1991 (Public Law 
    102-138) (partial text)......................................  1647
12. Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East 
    and West Act (Public Law 86-472) (partial text)..............  1649
13. Japan-United States Friendship Act (Public Law 94-118).......  1651
14. Exchange of Materials and Objects............................  1658
15. Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act (Public 
    Law 97-446) (partial text)...................................  1664
16. United States Recognition and Participation in International 
    Expositions (Public Law 91-269)..............................  1680
17. International Broadcasting...................................  1684
18. Radio Free Afghanistan Act (Public Law 107-148)..............  1733
19. Radio Free Asia Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-261) (partial 
    text)........................................................  1735
20. Broadcasting to Cuba.........................................  1737
21. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.............  1755


APPENDICES.......................................................  1761

INDEX............................................................  1805
=======================================================================


                         D. DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page

1. Authorizations and Appropriations.............................     5
    a. Establishment of the Department of State (Act of July 27, 
        1789; 22 U.S.C. 2651 et seq.)............................     5
    b. State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, as amended 
        (Public Law 84-885)......................................     7
    c. 9/11 Commission Implementation Act of 2004 (Public Law 
        108-458) (partial text)..................................    94
    d. Global Anti-Semitism Review Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-
        332).....................................................   141
    e. Northern Uganda Crisis Response Act (Public Law 108-283)..   144
    f. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 
        (Public Law 107-228).....................................   148
    g. United States-Macau Policy Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-
        570) (partial text)......................................   214
    h. Pacific Charter Commission Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-
        570) (partial text)......................................   217
    i. Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations 
        Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (Public Law 
        106-113) (partial text)..................................   221
    j. Rewards for Information Concerning Violations of 
        International Humanitarian Law--Former Yugoslavia and 
        Rwanda (Public Law 105-323) (partial text)...............   271
    k. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 
        1999 (Public Law 105-277) (partial text).................   274
    l. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 
        1995 (Public Law 103-236) (partial text).................   316
    m. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 
        1993 (Public Law 102-138) (partial text).................   403
    n. International Peacekeeping Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-
        311) (partial text)......................................   451
    o. Foreign Relations Persian Gulf Conflict Emergency 
        Supplemental Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1991 (Public 
        Law 102-20) (partial text)...............................   452
    p. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 
        1991 (Public Law 101-246) (partial text).................   454
    q. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 
        1989 (Public Law 100-204) (partial text).................   505
    r. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 
        1987 (Public Law 99-93) (partial text)...................   568
    s. Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 
        and 1985 (Public Law 98-164) (partial text)..............   591
    t. Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1982 
        and 1983 (Public Law 97-241) (partial text)..............   609
    u. Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1980 
        and 1981 (Public Law 96-60) (partial text)...............   619
    v. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1979 
        (Public Law 95-426) (partial text).......................   626
    w. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1978 
        (Public Law 95-105) (partial text).......................   645
    x. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1977 
        (Public Law 94-350) (partial text).......................   655
    y. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1976 
        (Public Law 94-141) (partial text).......................   660
    z. State Department/USIA Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1975 
        (Public Law 93-475) (partial text).......................   662
    aa. Department of State Appropriations Authorization Act of 
        1973 (Public Law 93-126) (partial text)..................   664
    bb. Foreign Relations Authorization Act of 1972 (Public Law 
        92-352) (partial text)...................................   667
    cc. Department of State Appropriations.......................   671
        (1) Department of State and Related Agency Appropriations 
          Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-108) (partial text)..........   671
        (2) Emergency Supplemental Appropriations To Address 
          Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico and Pandemic 
          Influenza, 2006 (Public Law 109-148) (partial text)....   687
        (3) Department of State and Related Agency Appropriations 
          Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-447) (partial text)..........   691
        (4) Department of State and Related Agency Appropriations 
          Act, 2004 (Public Law 108-199) (partial text)..........   693
        (5) Department of State and Related Agency Appropriations 
          Act, 2003 (Public Law 108-7) (partial text)............   695
        (6) Department of State and Related Agencies 
          Appropriations Act, 1999 (Public Law 105-277) (partial 
          text)..................................................   696
        (7) Department of State Appropriations Act, 1995 (Public 
          Law 103-317) (partial text)............................   701
        (8) Department of State Appropriations Act, 1988 (Public 
          Law 100-202) (partial text)............................   704
2. Organization and Administration...............................   706
    a. Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465)...........   706
    b. Department of State Authorities (Public Law 109-140) 
        (partial text)...........................................   871
    c. Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998 (Public 
        Law 105-277) (partial text)..............................   873
    d. International Postal Arrangements; Postal Services at 
        Diplomatic Posts (39 U.S.C. 407, 413)....................   900
    e. Foreign Service Retirement Amendments of 1976 (Public Law 
        94-350) (partial text)...................................   902
    f. Coordination Procedures--U.S. Diplomatic Missions 
        (Executive Order 10338)..................................   907
    g. The Foreign Service of the United States (Executive Order 
        12293)...................................................   909
    h. Order of Succession Within the Department of State 
        (Executive Order 13251)..................................   913
    i. Interdepartmental Operations of the U.S. Government 
        Overseas.................................................   915
        (1) Foreign Intelligence Surveillance (Public Law 95-511)   915
        (2) U.S. Intelligence Activities (Executive Order 12333).   957
        (3) President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board 
          (Executive Order 12863)................................   978
        (4) Foreign Intelligence Physical Searches (Executive 
          Order 12949)...........................................   981
        (5) Strengthened Management of the Intelligence Community 
          (Executive Order 13355) (partial text).................   982
    j. International Agreements..................................   984
        (1) Compilation and Transmittal of International 
          Agreements--(1 U.S.C. 112a and 112b)...................   984
        (2) Coordination and Reporting of International 
          Agreements (22 CFR 181)................................   988
        (3) Implementation of Human Rights Treaties (Executive 
          Order 13107)...........................................   997
        (4) Delegating to the Secretary of State Certain 
          Functions With Respect to the Negotiation of 
          International Agreements Relating to the Enhancement of 
          the Environment (Executive Order 11742)................  1000
    k. Textile Trade Agreements (Executive Order 11651)..........  1001
    l. United States Institute for Peace Act (Public Law 98-525) 
        (partial text)...........................................  1003
    m. National Academy of Peace and Conflict Resolution (Title 
        XV, Part B of Public Law 95-561).........................  1017
3. Diplomatic Security and Anti-Terrorism........................  1020
    a. International Terrorism, Torture, and War Crimes (18 
        U.S.C.)..................................................  1020
    b. Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 
        (Public Law 108-458) (partial text)......................  1054
    c. Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002 
        (Public Law 107-173) (partial text)......................  1063
    d. Uniting and Strengthening America By Providing Appropriate 
        Tools Required To Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA 
        PATRIOT) Act (Public Law 107-56).........................  1082
    e. Condemnation of Terrorist Attacks (Public Law 107-39).....  1099
    f. Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 
        (Public Law 99-399) (partial text).......................  1101
    g. Payment of Certain Anti-Terrorism Judgments (Public Law 
        106-386) (partial text)..................................  1148
    h. Secure Embassy Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 
        1999 (Public Law 106-113) (partial text).................  1151
    i. Information on Violent Crimes Abroad (Public Law 105-107) 
        (partial text)...........................................  1159
    j. Sense of Senate Regarding Act of International Terrorism 
        (Public Law 104-264) (partial text)......................  1161
    k. Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-132) (partial text)......................  1162
    l. Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-256)  1177
    m. Biological Weapons (18 United States Code)................  1179
    n. Anti-Terrorism and Arms Export Amendments Act of 1989 
        (Public Law 101-222) (partial text)......................  1187
    o. Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-204) (partial 
        text)....................................................  1188
    p. Achille Lauro Hijackers and Other Terrorists: Demand for 
        Apprehension, Prosecution and Punishment (Public Law 99-
        177) (partial text)......................................  1191
    q. 1984 Act to Combat International Terrorism (Public Law 98-
        533).....................................................  1192
    r. Hostage Relief Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-449)............  1198
    s. Hostage Relief Act--Delegation of Authority (Executive 
        Order 12268).............................................  1206
    t. Interagency Security Committee (Executive Order 12977)....  1207
    u. Further Strengthening the Sharing of Terrorism Information 
        To Protect Americans (Executive Order 13388).............  1210
4. Passport Laws and Regulations.................................  1213
    a. Protection of Citizens Abroad (Act of July 27, 1868)......  1213
    b. Passport Authority........................................  1214
        (1) Secretary of State's Passport Authority (Act of July 
          3, 1926) (partial text)................................  1214
        (2) Delegation of Authority (Executive Order 11295) 
          (partial text).........................................  1216
        (3) Nationality and Passport Regulations (22 CFR 50 
          through 53)............................................  1218
    c. Passport Limitations......................................  1250
        (1) Allegiance to the United States (Act of July 14, 
          1902)..................................................  1250
        (2) Application for Passport (Act of June 15, 1917) 
          (partial text).........................................  1251
        (3) Fees (Act of June 4, 1920) (partial text)............  1252
        (4) Ten Year Validity of Passport (Act of July 3, 1926) 
          (partial text).........................................  1254
    d. Travel Documentation of Aliens and Citizens (Immigration 
        and Nationality Act of 1952) (partial text)..............  1255
    e. Criminal Provisions.......................................  1257
        (1) Punishable Violations (18 U.S.C. 1541 through 1546) 
          (partial text).........................................  1257
        (2) Statute of Limitations (18 U.S.C. 3291)..............  1262
5. International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-
    292).........................................................  1263
6. Foreign Service Buildings.....................................  1299
    a. Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926, as amended (Public 
        Law 69-186)..............................................  1299
    b. The Act of May 25, 1938 (Public Law 75-543)...............  1308
    c. The Act of July 25, 1946 (Public Law 79-547)..............  1309
    d. Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-45).........  1310
7. International Center Act (Public Law 90-553, as amended)......  1314
8. Foreign Gifts and Decorations.................................  1318
    a. Foreign Gifts and Decorations Act of 1966, as amended 
        (Public Law 89-673)......................................  1318
    b. Receipt and Disposition of Foreign Gifts and Decorations 
        (Public Law 95-105) (partial text).......................  1319
    c. Gifts and Decorations Regulations (22 CFR 3.1-3.12).......  1325
9. Immigration, Migration, and Refugee Assistance................  1333
    a. Administration............................................  1333
        (1) Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as 
          amended (Public Law 87-510)............................  1333
        (2) Administration of the Migration and Refugee 
          Assistance Act of 1962 (Executive Order 11077).........  1339
        (3) Immigration and Nationality Act (Public Law 82-414) 
          (partial text).........................................  1342
        (4) Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (Public 
          Law 99-603) (partial text).............................  1365
        (5) Refugee Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-212) (partial 
          text)..................................................  1367
        (6) Bring Them Home Alive Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-
          484)...................................................  1369
        (7) Syrian Nationals--Adjustment of Immigrant Status 
          (Public Law 106-378) (partial text)....................  1374
        (8) Irish Peace Process Cultural and Training Program Act 
          (Public Law 105-319)...................................  1376
        (9) Interdiction of Illegal Aliens (Executive Order 
          12807).................................................  1379
        (10) Consultations on the Admission of Refugees 
          (Executive Order 12208)................................  1381
    b. Caribbean.................................................  1382
        (1) Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act of 1998 
          (Public Law 105-277) (partial text)....................  1382
        (2) Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act 
          (Public Law 105-100) (partial text)....................  1389
        (3) Cuban Political Prisoners and Immigrants (Public Law 
          100-202) (partial text)................................  1396
        (4) Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980 (Public Law 
          96-422) (partial text).................................  1398
        (5) Cuban Refugee Adjustment Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-
          732) (partial text)....................................  1400
        (6) Cuban and Haitian Entrants (Executive Order 12341)...  1402
    c. China and Indochina.......................................  1403
        (1) Visas for Officials of Taiwan (Public Law 103-416) 
          (partial text).........................................  1403
        (2) Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992 (Public Law 
          102-404)...............................................  1404
        (3) Indochinese Refugee Resettlement and Protection Act 
          of 1987 (Public Law 100-202) (partial text)............  1407
        (4) Eligibility Criteria for Admission of Refugees from 
          Cambodia (Public Law 95-624) (partial text)............  1411
        (5) Indochina Refugees--Status Adjustment (Public Law 95-
          145) (partial text)....................................  1412
        (6) Policy Implementation With Respect to Nationals of 
          the People's Republic of China (Executive Order 12711).  1414
    d. Former Soviet Union.......................................  1416
        (1) Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992 (Public Law 
          102-509)...............................................  1416
        (2) Adjustment of Status for Soviet and Indochinese 
          Parolees (Public Law 101-167) (partial text)...........  1418
10. Recognition by the United States of Foreign Governments 
    (Senate Resolution 205, 91st Congress).......................  1421
11. The Asia Foundation Act (Public Law 98-164) (partial text)...  1422

=======================================================================

      
                  1. Authorizations and Appropriations

              a. Establishment of the Department of State

  Revised Statutes, as amended, derived from Act of July 27, 1789 (1 
Stat. 28), Act of September 15, 1789 (1 Stat. 68), Act of September 23, 
 1789 (1 Stat. 97), Act of March 9, 1868 (15 Stat. 40) and Act of June 
                        8, 1872 (17 Stat. 287).

    Sec. 199.\1\ There shall be at the seat of Government an 
Executive Department to be known as the Department of State, 
and a Secretary of State, who shall be the head thereof.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 22 U.S.C. 2651, R.S. Sec. 199, derived from Acts of July 27, 
1789 (1 Stat. 28), and September 15, 1789 (1 Stat. 68)
    Sec. 2 of Public Law 96-241 (94 Stat. 343; 22 U.S.C. 2651 note) 
provided:
    ``Sec. 2. (a) Any person aggrieved by an action of the Secretary of 
State may bring a civil action in an appropriate United States district 
court to contest the constitutionality of the appointment and 
continuance in office of the Secretary of State on the ground that such 
appointment and continuance in office is in violation of article I, 
section 6, clause 2, of the Constitution. The United States district 
courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction, without regard to the sum or 
value of the matter in controversy, to determine the validity of such 
appointment and continuance in office.
    ``(b) Any action brought under this section shall be heard and 
determined by a panel of three judges in accordance with section 2284 
of title 28, United States Code. Any review of the action of a court 
convened pursuant to such section shall be by petition of certiorari to 
the Supreme Court.
    ``(c) Any judge designated to hear any action brought under this 
section shall cause such action to be in every way expedited.
    ``(d) This section applies only with respect to the Secretary of 
State who is first appointed to that office after the enactment of this 
Act (May 3, 1980).''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 200 * * * [Obsolete]
    Sec. 201 * * * [Obsolete]
    Sec. 202.\2\ The Secretary of State shall perform such 
duties as shall from time to time be enjoined on or intrusted 
to him by the President relative to correspondences, 
commissions, or instructions to or with public ministers or 
consuls from the United States, or to negotiations with public 
ministers from foreign states or princes, or to memorials or 
other applications from foreign public ministers or other 
foreigners, or to such other matters respecting foreign affairs 
as the President of the United States shall assign to the 
department, and he shall conduct the business of the department 
in such manner as the President shall direct.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ 22 U.S.C. 2656, R.S. Sec. 202, derived from Acts of July 27, 
1789 (1 Stat. 28), and September 15, 1789 (1 Stat. 68).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 203.\3\ The Secretary of State shall have the custody 
and charge of the seal of the Department of State, and of all 
the books, records, papers, furniture, fixtures, and other 
property which on June 22, 1874, remained in and appertained to 
the Department, or were thereafter acquired for it.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ 22 U.S.C. 2657, R.S. Sec. 203, derived from Acts of July 27, 
1789 (1 Stat. 29), and September 15, 1789 (1 Stat. 69).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 204 * * * [Obsolete]
    Sec. 205 * * * [Obsolete]
    Sec. 206.\4\ The Secretary of State shall procure from time 
to time such of the statutes of the several States as may not 
be in his office.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ 22 U.S.C. 2659, R.S. Sec. 206, derived from Act of September 
23, 1789 (1 Stat. 97).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Secs. 207-209 * * * [Obsolete]
    Sec. 210.\5\ The Secretary of State shall furnish to the 
Public Printer a correct copy of every treaty between the 
United States and any foreign government as soon as possible 
after it has been duly ratified and has been proclaimed by the 
President; and also of every postal convention made between the 
United States Postal Service, by and with the advice and 
consent of the President, on the part of the United States and 
foreign countries, as soon as possible after copies of such 
conventions have been transmitted to him by the United States 
Postal Service.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ 22 U.S.C. 2660, R.S. Sec. 210, derived from Acts of March 9, 
1868 (15 Stat. 40) and June 8, 1872 (17 Stat. 287). The Reorganization 
Plan No. 20 of 1950 transferred to the Administrator of General 
Services a requirement of the Secretary of State to furnish ``a correct 
copy of every act and joint resolution, as soon as possible after its 
approval by the President, or after it has become a law in accordance 
with the Constitution without such approval; * * *''.
           b. State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956

Public Law 84-885 [S. 2569], 70 Stat. 890, approved August 1, 1956; as 
    amended by Public Law 86-624 [H.R. 11602], 74 Stat. 411, approved 
    July 12, 1960; Public Law 86-707 [H.R. 7758], 74 Stat. 800, 
    approved September 6, 1960; Public Law 86-723 [S. 2633], 74 Stat. 
    847, approved September 8, 1960; Public Law 87-565 [Foreign 
    Assistance Act of 1962, S. 2996], 76 Stat. 263, approved August 1, 
    1962; Public Law 88-205 [Foreign Assistance Act of 1963, H.R. 
    7885], 77 Stat. 391, approved December 16, 1963; Public Law 92-226 
    [Foreign Assistance Act of 1971, S. 2819], 86 Stat. 20, approved 
    February 7, 1972; Public Law 92-352 [Foreign Relations 
    Authorization Act of 1972, H.R. 14734], 86 Stat. 489, approved July 
    13, 1972; Public Law 93-475 [State Department Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Year 1975; S. 3473], 88 Stat. 1439, approved October 26, 
    1974; Public Law 94-141 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Year 1976; S. 1517], 89 Stat. 756, approved November 29, 
    1975; Public Law 94-350 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
    Fiscal Year 1977; S. 3168], 90 Stat. 823, approved July 12, 1976; 
    Public Law 95-45 [H.R. 5040], 91 Stat. 221, approved June 15, 1977; 
    Public Law 95-105 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
    1978; H.R. 6689], 91 Stat. 844, approved August 17, 1977; Public 
    Law 95-426 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1979; 
    H.R. 12598], 92 Stat. 963, approved October 7, 1978; Public Law 96-
    60 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1980 and 
    1981; H.R. 3363], 93 Stat. 395, approved August 15, 1979; Public 
    Law 96-465 [Foreign Service Act of 1980, H.R. 6790], 94 Stat. 2071 
    at 2153 and 2160, approved October 17, 1980; Public Law 97-241 
    [Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1982 and 1983 
    ; S. 1193], 96 Stat. 273, approved August 24, 1982; Public Law 98-
    164 [Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 
    1985; H.R. 2195], 97 Stat. 1017, approved November 22, 1983; Public 
    Law 98-533 [1984 Act to Combat International Terrorism, H.R. 6311], 
    98 Stat. 2706, approved October 19, 1984; Public Law 98-618 
    [Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1985, H.R. 5399], 
    98 Stat. 3298, approved November 8, 1984; Public Law 99-93 [Foreign 
    Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987; H.R. 
    2068], 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16, 1985; Public Law 99-399 
    [Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act, H.R. 4151], 100 
    Stat. 871 approved August 27, 1986; Public Law 99-569 [Intelligence 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987, H.R. 4759], 100 Stat. 3190, 
    approved October 27, 1986; Public Law 100-204 [Foreign Relations 
    Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; H.R. 1777], 101 
    Stat. 1331, approved December 22, 1987; Public Law 100-690 
    [International Narcotics Control Act of 1988, H.R. 5210], 102 Stat. 
    4181 at 4287, approved November 18, 1988; Public Law 101-231 
    [International Narcotics Control Act of 1989, H.R. 3611], 103 Stat. 
    1954, approved December 13, 1989; Public Law 101-246 [Foreign 
    Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991; H.R. 
    3792], 104 Stat. 15, approved February 16, 1990; and by Public Law 
    101-649 [Immigration Act of 1990; S. 358], 104 Stat. 4978, approved 
    November 29, 1990; Public Law 102-20 [Foreign Relations Persian 
    Gulf Conflict Emergency Supplemental Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
    1991; H.R. 1176], 105 Stat. 68, approved March 27, 1991; Public Law 
    102-138 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 
    1993; H.R. 1415], 105 Stat. 647, approved October 28, 1991; Public 
    Law 103-236 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 
    and 1995; H.R. 2333], 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994; 
    Public Law 103-415 [H.R. 5034], 108 Stat. 4299, approved October 
    25, 1994; Public Law 104-134 [Department of State and Related 
    Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996; title IV of sec. 101(a) of the 
    Omnibus Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations Act of 1996; 
    H.R. 3019], 110 Stat. 1321, approved April 26, 1996; Public Law 
    104-316 [General Accounting Office Act of 1996; H.R. 3864], 110 
    Stat. 3826, approved October 19, 1996; Public Law 105-261 [Strom 
    Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999; 
    H.R. 3616], 112 Stat. 1920, approved October 17, 1998; Public Law 
    105-277 [Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, 
    subdivision A of division G of H.R. 4328], 112 Stat. 2681, approved 
    October 21, 1998; Public Law 105-277 [Foreign Relations 
    Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999, subdivision B of 
    division G of H.R. 4328], 112 Stat. 2681, approved October 21, 
    1998; [Public Law 105-323 [H.R. 4660], 112 Stat. 3029, approved 
    October 30, 1998; Public Law 105-375 [S. 759], 112 Stat. 3385, 
    approved November 12, 1998; Public Law 106-113 [Admiral James W. 
    Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
    Years 2000 and 2001, H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in sec. 
    1000(a)(7) of H.R. 3194], 113 Stat. 1501, approved November 29, 
    1999; Public Law 106-553 [Department of State and Related Agency 
    Appropriations Act, 2001, title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by 
    reference in sec. 1(a)(2) of H.R. 4942], 114 Stat. 2762A, approved 
    December 21, 2000; Public Law 107-56 [Uniting and strengthening 
    America By Providing Appropriate Tools Required To Intercept and 
    Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001; H.R. 3162], 115 
    Stat. 272, approved October 26, 2001; Public Law 107-107 [National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002; S. 1438], 115 Stat. 
    1012, approved December 28, 2001; Public Law 107-132 [H.R. 3348], 
    115 Stat. 2412, approved January 16, 2002; Public Law 107-228 
    [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003; H.R. 1646], 
    116 Stat. 1350, approved September 30, 2002; Public Law 108-25 
    [United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and 
    Malaria Act of 2003; H.R. 1298], 117 Stat. 711, approved May 27, 
    2003; Public Law 108-332 [Global Anti-Semitism Review Act of 2004; 
    S. 2292], 118 Stat. 1282, approved October 16, 2004; Public Law 
    108-447 [Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2005; H.R. 4818], 118 
    Stat. 2809, approved December 8, 2004; and Public Law 108-458 
    [Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004; S. 
    2845], 118 Stat. 3638, approved December 17, 2004

 AN ACT To provide certain basic authority for the Department of State.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this 
Act may be cited as the ``State Department Basic Authorities 
Act of 1956''.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ Sec. 111(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 654) added ``That 
this Act may be cited as the `State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956'.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  TITLE I--BASIC AUTHORITIES GENERALLY

                organization of the department of state

    Section 1.\2\ (a) Secretary of State.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ 22 U.S.C. 2651a. Sec. 161(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 402), amended and restated sec. 1. It formerly read as follows 
(formerly at 22 U.S.C. 2662):
    ``Section 1. The Secretary of State is authorized to establish, 
maintain, and operate passport and dispatch agencies.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) The Department of State shall be administered, in 
        accordance with this Act and other provisions of law, 
        under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of 
        State (hereinafter referred to as the ``Secretary'').
          (2) The Secretary, the Deputy Secretary of State, and 
        the Deputy Secretary of State for Management and 
        Resources \3\ shall be appointed by the President, by 
        and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ Sec. 1(f)(1) of Public Law 103-415 (108 Stat. 4299) inserted 
``and the Deputy Secretary of State'' after ``Secretary''. Sec. 404(a) 
of the Department of State and Related Agency Appropriations Act, 2001 
(title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference in sec. 1(a)(2) of Public 
Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-96) struck out ``and the Deputy Secretary 
of State'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``the Deputy Secretary of 
State, and the Deputy Secretary of State for Management and 
Resources''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and 
        except as provided in this section, the Secretary shall 
        have and exercise any authority vested by law in any 
        office or official of the Department of State. The 
        Secretary shall administer, coordinate, and direct the 
        Foreign Service of the United States and the personnel 
        of the Department of State, except where authority is 
        inherent in or vested in the President.
          (B)(i) The Secretary shall not have the authority of 
        the Inspector General or the Chief Financial Officer.
          (ii) The Secretary shall not have any authority given 
        expressly to diplomatic or consular officers.
          (4) The Secretary is authorized to promulgate such 
        rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out 
        the functions of the Secretary of State and the 
        Department of State. Unless otherwise specified in law, 
        the Secretary may delegate authority to perform any of 
        the functions of the Secretary or the Department to 
        officers and employees under the direction and 
        supervision of the Secretary. The Secretary may 
        delegate the authority to redelegate any such 
        functions.
    (b) Under Secretaries.--
          (1) In general.--There \4\ shall be in the Department 
        of State not more than 6 \5\ Under Secretaries of 
        State, who shall be appointed by the President, by and 
        with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who 
        shall be compensated at the rate provided for at level 
        III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of 
        title 5, United States Code.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ Sec. 1213(1) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act 
of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 
2681-767) struck out ``There'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``(1) In 
general.--There''. Sec. 1213(2) of that Act added para. (2).
    \5\ Sec. 2305(a)(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-825), raised this number from 5 to 6.
    \6\ The current rate of compensation at level III of the Executive 
Schedule is $152,000 per annum (Executive Order 13393; 70 F.R. 76655; 
December 22, 2005).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \4\ Under secretary for arms control and 
        international security.--There shall be in the 
        Department of State, among the Under Secretaries 
        authorized by paragraph (1), an Under Secretary for 
        Arms Control and International Security, who shall 
        assist the Secretary and the Deputy Secretary in 
        matters related to international security policy, arms 
        control, and nonproliferation. Subject to the direction 
        of the President, the Under Secretary may attend and 
        participate in meetings of the National Security 
        Council in his role as Senior Advisor to the President 
        and the Secretary of State on Arms Control and 
        Nonproliferation Matters.
          (3) \7\ Under secretary for public diplomacy.--There 
        shall be in the Department of State, among the Under 
        Secretaries authorized by paragraph (1), an Under 
        Secretary for Public Diplomacy, who shall have primary 
        responsibility to assist the Secretary and the Deputy 
        Secretary in the formation and implementation of United 
        States public diplomacy policies and activities, 
        including international educational and cultural 
        exchange programs, information, and international 
        broadcasting. The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy 
        shall-- \8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ Sec. 1313 of the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 
1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 
2681-776) added para. (3).
    \8\ Sec. 7109(b)(1) of the 9/11 Commission Implementation Act of 
2004 (title VII of Public Law 108-458; 118 Stat. 3793) added text 
beginning ``The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy shall--'' through 
subpara. (E).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) prepare an annual strategic plan for 
                public diplomacy in collaboration with overseas 
                posts and in consultation with the regional and 
                functional bureaus of the Department;
                  (B) ensure the design and implementation of 
                appropriate program evaluation methodologies;
                  (C) provide guidance to Department personnel 
                in the United States and overseas who conduct 
                or implement public diplomacy policies, 
                programs, and activities;
                  (D) assist the United States Agency for 
                International Development and the Broadcasting 
                Board of Governors to present the policies of 
                the United States clearly and effectively; and
                  (E) submit statements of United States policy 
                and editorial material to the Broadcasting 
                Board of Governors for broadcast consideration.
          (4) \9\ Nomination of Under Secretaries.--Whenever 
        the President submits to the Senate a nomination of an 
        individual for appointment to a position in the 
        Department of State that is described in paragraph (1), 
        the President shall designate the particular Under 
        Secretary position in the Department of State that the 
        individual shall have.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\ Sec. 2306(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 105-277; 
112 Stat. 2681-826), added para. (4).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) \10\ Assistant Secretaries.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\ Sec. 1112 of the Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Security 
Assistance Act of 1999 (division B of the Admiral James W. Nance and 
Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 
2001 (enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 
113 Stat. 1501A-486), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``sec. 1112. assistant secretary of state for verification and compliance.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(a) Designation of Position.--The Secretary of State shall 
designate one of the Assistant Secretaries of State authorized by 
section 1(c)(1) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2651a(c)(1)) as the Assistant Secretary of State for 
Verification and Compliance. The Assistant Secretary shall report to 
the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International 
Security.
    ``(b) Directive Governing the Assistant Secretary of State.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of State shall issue a directive governing the 
position of the Assistant Secretary.

  ``(2) Elements of the directive.--The directive issued under paragraph 
(1) shall set forth, consistent with this section--

  ``(A) the duties of the Assistant Secretary;

  ``(B) the relationships between the Assistant Secretary and other 
officials of the Department of State;

  ``(C) any delegation of authority from the Secretary of State to the 
Assistant Secretary; and

  ``(D) such matters as the Secretary considers appropriate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(c) Duties.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary shall have as his principal 
responsibility the overall supervision (including oversight of policy and 
resources) within the Department of State of all matters relating to 
verification and compliance with international arms control, 
nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements or commitments.

  ``(2) Participation of the assistant secretary.--

  ``(A) Primary role.--Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), the 
Assistant Secretary, or his designee, shall participate in all interagency 
groups or organizations within the executive branch of Government that 
assess, analyze, or review United States planned or ongoing policies, 
programs, or actions that have a direct bearing on verification or 
compliance matters, including interagency intelligence committees concerned 
with the development or exploitation of measurement or signals intelligence 
or other national technical means of verification.

  ``(B) Requirement for designation.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to 
groups or organizations on which the Secretary of State or the 
Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security sits, 
unless such official designates the Assistant Secretary to attend in his 
stead.

  ``(C) National security limitation.--

      ``(i) Waiver by president.--The President may waive the 
  provisions of subparagraph (A) if inclusion of the Assistant 
  Secretary would not be in the national security interests of 
  the United States.
      ``(ii) Waiver by others.--With respect to an interagency 
  group or organization, or meeting thereof, working with 
  exceptionally sensitive information contained in compartments 
  under the control of the Director of Central Intelligence, 
  the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Energy, such 
  Director or Secretary, as the case may be, may waive the 
  provision of subparagraph (A) if inclusion of the Assistant 
  Secretary would not be in the national security interests of 
  the United States.
      ``(iii) Transmission of waiver to congress.--Any waiver 
  of participation under clause (i) or (ii) shall be 
  transmitted in writing to the appropriate committees of 
  Congress.

  ``(3) Relationship to the intelligence community.--The Assistant 
Secretary shall be the principal policy community representative to the 
intelligence community on verification and compliance matters.

  ``(4) Reporting Responsibilities.--The Assistant Secretary shall have 
responsibility within the Department of State for--

  ``(A) all reports required pursuant to section 306 of the Arms Control 
and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2577);

  ``(B) so much of the report required under paragraphs (4) through (6) of 
section 403(a) of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 
2593a(a)(4) through (6)) as relates to verification or compliance matters; 
and

  ``(C) other reports being prepared by the Department of State as of the 
date of enactment of this Act relating to arms control, nonproliferation, 
or disarmament verification or compliance matters.''.

          (1) In general.--There shall be in the Department of 
        State not more than 24 \11\ Assistant Secretaries of 
        State, each of whom shall be appointed by the 
        President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
        Senate, and who shall be compensated at the rate 
        provided for at level IV of the Executive Schedule 
        under section 5315 of title 5.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \11\ Sec. 2305(b)(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-825), raised this number from 20 to 24.
    \12\ The current rate of compensation at level IV of the Executive 
Schedule is $143,000 per annum (Executive Order 13393; 70 F.R. 76655; 
December 22, 2005).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \13\ Assistant secretary of state for democracy, 
        human rights, and labor.--(A) There shall be in the 
        Department of State an Assistant Secretary of State for 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor who shall be 
        responsible to the Secretary of State for matters 
        pertaining to human rights and humanitarian affairs 
        (including matters relating to prisoners of war and 
        members of the United States Armed Forces missing in 
        action) in the conduct of foreign policy and such other 
        related duties as the Secretary may from time to time 
        designate. The Secretary of State shall carry out the 
        Secretary's responsibility under section 502B of the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 through the Assistant 
        Secretary.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \13\ On December 2, 1996, the Secretary of State established an 
Advisory Committee on Religious Freedom Abroad, ``as part of this 
Administration's work to promote human rights issues.'' See Department 
of State Public Notice 2489 (61 F.R. 67090).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (B) The Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, 
        Human Rights, and Labor shall maintain continuous 
        observation and review all matters pertaining to human 
        rights and humanitarian affairs (including matters 
        relating to prisoners of war and members of the United 
        States Armed Forces missing in action) in the conduct 
        of foreign policy including the following:
                  (i) Gathering detailed information regarding 
                humanitarian affairs and the observance of and 
                respect for internationally recognized human 
                rights in each country to which requirements of 
                sections 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance 
                Act of 1961 are relevant.
                  (ii) Preparing the statements and reports to 
                Congress required under section 502B of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
                  (iii) Making recommendations to the Secretary 
                of State and the Administrator of the Agency 
                for International Development regarding 
                compliance with sections 116 and 502B of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and as part of 
                the Assistant Secretary's overall policy 
                responsibility for the creation of United 
                States Government human rights policy, advising 
                the Administrator of the Agency for 
                International Development on the policy 
                framework under which section 116(e) projects 
                are developed and consulting with the 
                Administrator on the selection and 
                implementation of such projects.
                  (iv) Performing other responsibilities which 
                serve to promote increased observance of 
                internationally recognized human rights by all 
                countries.
          (3) \14\ Nomination of Assistant Secretaries.--
        Whenever the President submits to the Senate a 
        nomination of an individual for appointment to a 
        position in the Department of State that is described 
        in paragraph (1), the President shall designate the 
        regional or functional bureau or bureaus of the 
        Department of State with respect to which the 
        individual shall have responsibility.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \14\ Sec. 2306(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-826), added para. (3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (d) \15\ Other Senior Officials.--In addition to officials of 
the Department of State who are otherwise authorized to be 
appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate, and to be compensated at level IV of the 
Executive Schedule of section 5315 of title 5, United States 
Code, four other such appointments are authorized.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \15\ Sec. 2305(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-825), struck out former subsec. (d), which had 
authorized ``not more than 66 Deputy Assistant Secretaries of State'', 
and redesignated subsecs. (e) through (h), as subsecs. (d) through (g), 
respectively.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (e) \16\ Coordinator for Counterterrorism.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \16\ Sec. 2301 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 105-277; 
112 Stat. 2681-824), added this subsec. as subsec. (f). It was 
redesignated as subsec. (e) by sec. 2305(c)(2) of that Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--There is within the office of the 
        Secretary of State a Coordinator for Counterterrorism 
        (in this paragraph referred to as the `Coordinator') 
        who shall be appointed by the President, by and with 
        the advice and consent of the Senate.
          (2) Duties.--
                  (A) In general.--The Coordinator shall 
                perform such duties and exercise such powers as 
                the Secretary of State shall prescribe.
                  (B) Duties described.--The principal duty of 
                the Coordinator shall be the overall 
                supervision (including policy oversight of 
                resources) of international counterterrorism 
                activities. The Coordinator shall be the 
                principal adviser to the Secretary of State on 
                international counterterrorism matters. The 
                Coordinator shall be the principal 
                counterterrorism official within the senior 
                management of the Department of State and shall 
                report directly to the Secretary of State.
          (3) Rank and status of ambassador.--The Coordinator 
        shall have the rank and status of Ambassador at Large.
    (f) \17\ HIV/AIDS Response Coordinator.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \17\ Sec. 102(a)(2) of the United States Leadership Against HIV/
AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2002 (Public Law 108-25; 117 
Stat. 721) added subsec. (f).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--There shall be established within 
        the Department of State in the immediate office of the 
        Secretary of State a Coordinator of United States 
        Government Activities to Combat HIV/AIDS Globally, who 
        shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate. The Coordinator shall 
        report directly to the Secretary.
          (2) Authorities and duties; definitions.--
                  (A) Authorities.--The Coordinator, acting 
                through such nongovernmental organizations 
                (including faith-based and community-based 
                organizations) and relevant executive branch 
                agencies as may be necessary and appropriate to 
                effect the purposes of this section, is 
                authorized--
                          (i) to operate internationally to 
                        carry out prevention, care, treatment, 
                        support, capacity development, and 
                        other activities for combatting HIV/
                        AIDS;
                          (ii) to transfer and allocate funds 
                        to relevant executive branch agencies; 
                        and
                          (iii) to provide grants to, and enter 
                        into contracts with, nongovernmental 
                        organizations (including faith-based 
                        and community-based organizations) to 
                        carry out the purposes of section.
                  (B) Duties.--
                          (i) In general.--The Coordinator 
                        shall have primary responsibility for 
                        the oversight and coordination of all 
                        resources and international activities 
                        of the United States Government to 
                        combat the HIV/AIDS pandemic, including 
                        all programs, projects, and activities 
                        of the United States Government 
                        relating to the HIV/AIDS pandemic under 
                        the United States Leadership Against 
                        HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act 
                        of 2003 or any amendment made by that 
                        Act.
                          (ii) Specific duties.--The duties of 
                        the Coordinator shall specifically 
                        include the following:
                                  (I) Ensuring program and 
                                policy coordination among the 
                                relevant executive branch 
                                agencies and nongovernmental 
                                organizations, including 
                                auditing, monitoring, and 
                                evaluation of all such 
                                programs.
                                  (II) Ensuring that each 
                                relevant executive branch 
                                agency undertakes programs 
                                primarily in those areas where 
                                the agency has the greatest 
                                expertise, technical 
                                capabilities, and potential for 
                                success.
                                  (III) Avoiding duplication of 
                                effort.
                                  (IV) Ensuring coordination of 
                                relevant executive branch 
                                agency activities in the field.
                                  (V) Pursuing coordination 
                                with other countries and 
                                international organizations.
                                  (VI) Resolving policy, 
                                program, and funding disputes 
                                among the relevant executive 
                                branch agencies.
                                  (VII) Directly approving all 
                                activities of the United States 
                                (including funding) relating to 
                                combatting HIV/AIDS in each of 
                                Botswana, Cote d'Ivoire, 
                                Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Kenya, 
                                Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, 
                                Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, 
                                Uganda, Zambia, and other 
                                countries designated by the 
                                President, which other 
                                designated countries may 
                                include those countries in 
                                which the United States is 
                                implementing HIV/AIDS programs 
                                as of the date of the enactment 
                                of the United States Leadership 
                                Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, 
                                and Malaria Act of 2003.
                                  (VIII) Establishing due 
                                diligence criteria for all 
                                recipients of funds section and 
                                all activities subject to the 
                                coordination and appropriate 
                                monitoring, evaluation, and 
                                audits carried out by the 
                                Coordinator necessary to assess 
                                the measurable outcomes of such 
                                activities.
                  (C) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                          (i) AIDS.--The term ``AIDS'' means 
                        acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
                          (ii) HIV.--The term ``HIV'' means the 
                        human immunodeficiency virus, the 
                        pathogen that causes AIDS.
                          (iii) HIV/AIDS.--The term ``HIV/
                        AIDS'' means, with respect to an 
                        individual, an individual who is 
                        infected with HIV or living with AIDS.
                          (iv) Relevant executive branch 
                        agencies.--The term ``relevant 
                        executive branch agencies'' means the 
                        Department of State, the United States 
                        Agency for International Development, 
                        the Department of Health and Human 
                        Services (including the Public Health 
                        Service), and any other department or 
                        agency of the United States that 
                        participates in international HIV/AIDS 
                        activities pursuant to the authorities 
                        of such department or agency or this 
                        Act.
    (g) \18\ Qualifications of Certain Officers of the 
Department of State.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \18\ Sec. 303 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1377), struck out former 
subsecs. (f) and (g), and added this subsec. as subsec. (f). Sec. 
102(a)(1) of the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, 
Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2002 (Public Law 108-25; 117 Stat. 
721) subsequently redesignated the subsec. as subsec. (g). Previously, 
sec. 2303 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 
and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 
2681-825), added this subsec. as subsec. (g). It was redesignated as 
subsec. (f) by sec. 2305(c)(2) of that Act. Subsec. (g), struck out by 
Public Law 107-228, was originally added as subsec. (h) by sec. 2304 of 
the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 
(subdivision B of division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-
825), and redesignated as subsec. (g) by sec. 2305(c)(2) of that Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Officer having primary responsibility for 
        personnel management.--The officer of the Department of 
        State with primary responsibility for assisting the 
        Secretary with respect to matters relating to personnel 
        in the Department of State, or that officer's principal 
        deputy, shall have substantial professional 
        qualifications in the field of human resource policy 
        and management.
          (2) Officer having primary responsibility for 
        diplomatic security.--The officer of the Department of 
        State with primary responsibility for assisting the 
        Secretary with respect to diplomatic security, or that 
        officer's principal deputy, shall have substantial 
        professional qualifications in the fields of (A) 
        management, and (B) Federal law enforcement, 
        intelligence, or security.
          (3) Officer having primary responsibility for 
        international narcotics and law enforcement.--The 
        officer of the Department of State with primary 
        responsibility for assisting the Secretary with respect 
        to international narcotics and law enforcement, or that 
        officer's principal deputy, shall have substantial 
        professional qualifications in the fields of (A) 
        management, and (B) law enforcement or international 
        narcotics policy.
    Sec. 2.\19\ The Secretary of State, may use funds 
appropriated or otherwise available to the Secretary to-- \20\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \19\ 22 U.S.C. 2669.
    \20\ Sec. 114 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 411), struck out ``when 
funds are appropriated therefor, may--'' and inserted  in  lieu  
thereof  ``may  use  funds  appropriated  or  otherwise  available  to  
the  Secretary to--''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (a) provide for printing and binding outside the 
        States of the United States \21\ and the District of 
        Columbia without regard to section 11 of the Act of 
        March 1, 1919 (44 U.S.C. 111);
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \21\ This reference to the ``States of the United States'' was 
substituted in lieu of a reference to the ``continental United States'' 
by sec. 2 of Public Law 86-624 (74 Stat. 411).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (b) \22\ for the purpose of promoting and maintaining 
        friendly relations with foreign countries through the 
        prompt settlement of certain claims, settle and pay any 
        meritorious claim against the United States which is 
        presented by a government of a foreign country for 
        damage to or loss of real or personal property of, or 
        personal injury to or death of, any national of such 
        foreign country: Provided, That such claim is not 
        cognizable under any other statute or international 
        agreement of the United States and can be settled for 
        not more than $15,000 or the foreign currency 
        equivalent thereof.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \22\ Sec. 402 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1962 (Public Law 87-
565; 76 Stat. 263) added subsec. (b). Former sec. 2(b) was repealed by 
sec. 511(a)(2) of the Overseas Differentials and Allowances Act (Public 
Law 86-707; 74 Stat. 800).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (c) \23\ employ individuals or organizations, by 
        contract, for services abroad and individuals employed 
        by contract to perform such services shall not by 
        virtue of such employment be considered to be employees 
        of the United States Government; for purposes of any 
        law administered by the Office of Personnel Management 
        (except that the Secretary may determine the 
        applicability to such individuals of subsection (f) and 
        of any other law administered by the Secretary 
        concerning the employment of such individuals abroad); 
        and such contracts are authorized to be negotiated, the 
        terms of the contracts to be prescribed, and the work 
        to be performed, where necessary, without regard to 
        such statutory provisions as relate to the negotiation, 
        making, and performance of contracts and performance of 
        work in the United States.\24\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \23\ Sec. 303(a)(1) of Public Law 98-533 (98 Stat. 2710) amended 
and restated para. (c) up to the first semicolon. Subsequently, sec. 
118 of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 412) added the text of para. (c) up 
to the second semicolon. It formerly read as follows: ``(c) employ 
aliens, by contract, for services abroad;''.
    \24\ Sec. 137 and sec. 180(b) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 397, 416), made identical amendments, adding ``; and such 
contracts are authorized to be negotiated, the terms of the contracts 
to be prescribed, and the work to be performed, where necessary, 
without regard to such statutory provisions as relate to the 
negotiation, making, and performance of contracts and performance of 
work in the United States'' before the period.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (d) provide for official functions and courtesies;
          (e) purchase uniforms;
          (f) pay tort claims, in the manner authorized in the 
        first paragraph of section 2672, as amended, of title 
        28 of the United States Code when such claims arise in 
        foreign countries in connection with Department of 
        State operations abroad;
          (g) \25\ obtain services as authorized by section 
        3109 of title 5, United States Code, at a rate not to 
        exceed the maximum rate payable for GS-18 under section 
        5332 of such title 5; \26\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \25\ Sec. 303(a)(2) of Public Law 98-533 (98 Stat.) added paras. 
(g) and (h).
    \26\ Sec. 111 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 21), struck out 
``and'', and added subsecs. (i), (j), and (k).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (h) \25\ directly procure goods and services in the 
        United States or abroad, solely for use by United 
        States Foreign Service posts abroad when the Secretary 
        of State, in accordance with guidelines established in 
        consultation with the Administrator of General 
        Services, determines that use of the Federal Supply 
        Service or otherwise applicable Federal goods and 
        services acquisition authority would not meet emergency 
        overseas security requirements determined necessary by 
        the Secretary, taking into account overseas delivery, 
        installation, maintenance, or replacement requirements, 
        except that the authority granted by this paragraph 
        shall cease to be effective when the amendment made by 
        section 2711 of the Competition in Contracting Act of 
        1984 takes effect and thereafter procurement by the 
        Secretary of State for the purposes described in this 
        paragraph shall be in accordance with section 303(c)(2) 
        of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act 
        of 1949;
          (i) \26\ pay obligations assumed in Germany on or 
        after June 5, 1945;
          (j) \26\ provide telecommunications services; 
        \27\, \28\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \27\ Sec. 4 of Public Law 102-20 (105 Stat. 68) struck out ``and'' 
at the end of subsec. (j); struck out the period ending subsec. (k), 
and inserted in lieu thereof ``; and''; and added a new subsec. (l).
    \28\ Sec. 120 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 658), also struck 
out ``and'' at the end of subsec. (j); struck out the period ending 
subsec. (k), and inserted in lieu thereof ``; and'' (previously amended 
by Public Law 102-20); and also added a new subsection, originally 
designated as ``(l)''. Sec. 162(k)(4) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 409), redesignated the second subsec. (l) as subsec. (m).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (k) \27\ provide maximum physical security in 
        Government-owned and leased properties and vehicles 
        abroad; \29\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \29\ Sec. 413(b) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2906), struck out ``and'' at the end of subsec. (k); 
transferred subsec. (m) to appear after subsec. (l); struck out a 
period at the end of each of subsecs. (l) and (m), inserting in lieu 
thereof a semicolon; and replaced a period at the end of subsec. (n) 
with ``; and''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (l) \27\ purchase special purpose passenger motor 
        vehicles without regard to any price limitation 
        otherwise established by law; \29\
          (m) \28\ pay obligations arising under international 
        agreements, conventions, and binational contracts to 
        the extent otherwise authorized by law; \29\
          (n) \30\ exercise the authority provided in 
        subsection (c), upon the request of the Secretary of 
        Defense or the head of any other department or agency 
        of the United States, to enter into personal service 
        contracts with individuals to perform services in 
        support of the Department of Defense of such other 
        department or agency, as the case may be; and \29\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \30\ Sec. 833 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 115 Stat. 1191) added subsec. (n).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (o) \31\ make administrative corrections or adjustments to 
an employee's pay, allowances, or differentials, resulting from 
mistakes or retroactive personnel actions, as well as provide 
back pay and other categories of payments under section 5596 of 
title 5, United States Code, as part of the settlement or 
compromise of administrative claims or grievances filed against 
the Department.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \31\ Sec. 413(a) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2906), added subsec. (o).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 3.\32\ The Secretary of State is authorized to--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \32\ 22 U.S.C. 2670.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (a) obtain insurance on official motor vehicles 
        operated by the Department of State in foreign 
        countries, and pay the expenses incident thereto;
          (b) rent tie lines and teletype equipment;
          (c) provide ice and drinking water for United States 
        Embassies and Consulates abroad;
          (d) pay excise taxes on negotiable instruments which 
        are negotiated by the Department of State abroad;
          (e) \33\ pay the actual expenses of preparing and 
        transporting to their former homes the remains of 
        persons, not United States Government employees, who 
        may die away from their homes while participating in 
        international educational exchange activities under the 
        jurisdiction of the Department of State;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \33\ Authority granted to the Secretary of State under subsec. (e) 
was abolished by sec. 9(a)(7) of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1977 
(establishing the ICA).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (f) pay expenses incident to the relief, protection, 
        and burial of American seamen, and alien seamen from 
        United States vessels in foreign countries and in the 
        United States, Territories and possessions;
          (g) pay the expenses incurred in the acknowledgment 
        of the services of officers and crews of foreign 
        vessels and aircraft in rescuing American seamen, 
        airmen, or citizens from shipwreck or other catastrophe 
        abroad or at sea;
          (h) rent or lease, for periods of less than ten 
        years, such offices, buildings, grounds, and living 
        quarters for the use of the Foreign Service abroad as 
        he may deem necessary, and make payments therefor in 
        advance;
          (i) maintain, improve, and repair properties rented 
        or leased pursuant to authority contained in subsection 
        (h) of this section and furnish fuel, water, and 
        utilities for such properties;
          (j) \34\ provide emergency medical attention and 
        dietary supplements, and other emergency assistance, 
        for United States citizens incarcerated abroad or 
        destitute United States citizens abroad \35\ who are 
        unable to obtain such services otherwise, such 
        assistance to be provided on a reimbursable basis to 
        the extent feasible;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \34\ Sec. 2 of Public Law 95-45 (91 Stat. 221) added subsec. (j).
    \35\ Sec. 108(a) of Public Law 95-426 (92 Stat. 966) inserted ``or 
destitute United States citizens abroad''. Sec. 108(b) of the same Act 
provided that this amendment would take effect on October 1, 1978.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (k) \36\ subject to the availability of appropriated 
        funds, obtain insurance on the historic and artistic 
        articles of furniture, fixtures, and decorative objects 
        which may from time-to-time be within the 
        responsibility of the Fine Arts Committee of the 
        Department of State for the Diplomatic Rooms of the 
        Department; \37\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \36\ Sec. 126(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1342), added subsec. 
(k).
    \37\ Sec. 162(k)(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``and'' at the end of subsec. (k); struck out the period at the end 
of subsec. (l), and inserted in lieu thereof a semicolon; and added a 
new subsec. (m).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (l) \38\ make payments in advance, of the United 
        States share of necessary expenses for international 
        fisheries commissions, from appropriations available 
        for such purpose; and \37\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \38\ Sec. 166 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 676), added a new 
subsec. (l).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (m) \37\ establish, maintain, and operate passport 
        and dispatch agencies.
    Sec. 4.\39\ (a) \40\ The Secretary of State is authorized 
to--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \39\ 22 U.S.C. 2671.
    \40\ Sec. 122 of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 Stat. 1023), redesignated 
existing subsecs. (a) and (b) as paras. (1) and (2), redesignated the 
existing text as subsec. (a), added the reference to subsec. (b) in 
para. (1) of subsec. (a), and added new subsecs. (b), (c), and (d).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) \40\ subject to subsection (b), make 
        expenditures, from such amounts as may be specifically 
        appropriated therefor, for unforeseen emergencies 
        arising in the diplomatic and consular service and, to 
        the extent authorized in appropriation Acts, funds 
        expended for such purposes may be accounted for in 
        accordance with section 291 of the Revised Statutes (31 
        U.S.C. 107); \41\ and
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \41\ See 31 U.S.C. 3526(e), pursuant to sec. 4(b) of Public Law 97-
258 (96 Stat. 1067), which enacted title 31 U.S.C.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \40\ delegate to subordinate officials the 
        authority vested in him by section 291 of the Revised 
        Statutes \41\ pertaining to certification of 
        expenditures.
    (b) \40\ (1) Expenditures described under subsection (a) 
shall be made only for such activities as--
          (A) serve to further the realization of foreign 
        policy objectives;
          (B) are a matter of urgency to implement;
          (C) with respect to activities the expenditures for 
        which are required to be certified under subsection 
        (a), require confidentiality in the best interests of 
        the conduct of foreign policy by the United States; and
          (D) are not otherwise prohibited by law.
    (2) Activities described in paragraph (1) include--
          (A) \42\ the evacuation when their lives are 
        endangered by war, civil unrest, or natural disaster 
        of--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \42\ Sec. 201 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1361), amended and restated 
subpara. (A). It formerly read as follows:
    ``(A) the evacuation of United States Government employees and 
their dependents and private United States citizens when their lives 
are endangered by war, civil unrest, or natural disaster;''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (i) United States Government employees and 
                their dependents; and
                  (ii) private United States citizens or third-
                country nationals, on a reimbursable basis to 
                the maximum extent practicable, with such 
                reimbursements to be credited to the applicable 
                Department of State appropriation and to remain 
                available until expended, except that no 
                reimbursement under this clause shall be paid 
                that is greater than the amount the person 
                evacuated would have been charged for a 
                reasonable commercial air fare immediately 
                prior to the events giving rise to the 
                evacuation;
          (B) loans made to destitute citizens of the United 
        States who are outside the United States and made to 
        provide for the return to the United states of its 
        citizens;
          (C) visits by foreign chiefs of state or heads of 
        government to the United States;
          (D) travel of delegations representing the President 
        at any inauguration or funeral of a foreign dignitary;
          (E) travel of the President, the Vice President, or a 
        Member of Congress to a foreign country, including 
        advance arrangements, escort, and official 
        entertainment;
          (F) travel of the Secretary of State within the 
        United States and outside the United States, including 
        official entertainment;
          (G) official representational functions of the 
        Secretary of State and other principal officers of the 
        Department of State;
          (H) official functions outside the United States the 
        expenses for which are not otherwise covered by amounts 
        appropriated for representation allowances;
          (I) investigations and apprehension of groups or 
        individuals involved in fraudulent issuance of United 
        States passports and visas; and
          (J) gifts of nominal value given by the President, 
        Vice President, or Secretary of State to a foreign 
        dignitary.
    (c) \40\ The Inspector General of the Department of State 
\43\ shall conduct a periodic \44\ audit of the Department of 
State's emergency expenditures and prepare and transmit to the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate an annual report indicating 
whether such expenditures were made in accordance with 
subsections (a) and (b) of this section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \43\ Sec. 125(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 393), struck out 
``and the Foreign Service'' at this point.
    \44\ Sec. 125(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 393), struck out 
``an annual confidential'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``a periodic''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (d) \40\ With regard to the repatriations loan program, the 
Secretary of State shall--
          (1) require the borrower to provide a verifiable 
        address and social security number at the time of 
        application;
          (2) require a written loan agreement which includes a 
        repayment schedule;
          (3) bar passports from being issued or renewed for 
        those individuals who are in default;
          (4) refer any loan more than one year past due to the 
        Department of Justice for litigation;
          (5) obtain addresses from the Internal Revenue 
        Service for all delinquent accounts which have social 
        security numbers;
          (6) report defaults to commercial credit bureaus as 
        provided in section 3711(e) \45\ of title 31, United 
        States Code;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \45\ Sec. 115(g)(2)(D) of Public Law 104-316 (110 Stat. 3835) 
struck out ``section 3711(f)'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``section 
3711(e)''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (7) be permitted to use any funds necessary to 
        contract with commercial collection agencies, 
        notwithstanding section 3718(c) of title 31, United 
        States Code;
          (8) charge interest on all loans as of May 1, 1983, 
        with the rate of interest to be that set forth in 
        section 3717(a) of title 31, United States Code;
          (9) assess charges, in addition to the interest 
        provided for in paragraph (8), to cover the costs of 
        processing and handling delinquent claims, as of May 1, 
        1983;
          (10) assess a penalty charge, in addition to the 
        interest provided for in paragraphs (8) and (9), of 6 
        percent per year for failure to pay any portion of a 
        debt more than ninety days past due; and
          (11) implement the interest and penalty provisions in 
        paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) for all current and 
        future loans, regardless of whether the debts were 
        incurred before or after May 1, 1983.
    Sec. 5.\46\ The Secretary of State is authorized to--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \46\ 22 U.S.C. 2672. The Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2006 (title IV of Public Law 109-108; 119 Stat. 
2322), provided:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``International Organizations and Conferences

``contributions to international organizations
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to meet 
annual obligations of membership in international multilateral 
organizations, pursuant to treaties ratified pursuant to the advice and 
consent of the Senate, conventions or specific Acts of Congress, 
$1,166,212,000: Provided, That the Secretary of State shall, at the 
time of the submission of the President's budget to Congress under 
section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, transmit to the 
Committees on Appropriations the most recent biennial budget prepared 
by the United Nations for the operations of the United Nations: 
Provided further, That the Secretary of State shall notify the 
Committees on Appropriations at least 15 days in advance (or in an 
emergency, as far in advance as is practicable) of any United Nations 
action to increase funding for any United Nations program without 
identifying an offsetting decrease elsewhere in the United Nations 
budget and cause the United Nations budget for the biennium 2006-2007 
to exceed the revised United Nations budget level for the biennium 
2004-2005 of $3,695,480,000: Provided further, That any payment of 
arrearages under this title shall be directed toward special activities 
that are mutually agreed upon by the United States and the respective 
international organization: Provided further, That none of the funds 
appropriated in this paragraph shall be available for a United States 
contribution to an international organization for the United States 
share of interest costs made known to the United States Government by 
such organization for loans incurred on or after October 1, 1984, 
through external borrowings.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (a) provide for participation by the United States in 
        international activities which arise from time to time 
        in the conduct of foreign affairs for which provision 
        has not been made by the terms of any treaty, 
        convention, or special Act of Congress: Provided, That 
        this subsection shall not be construed as granting 
        authority to accept membership for the United States in 
        any international organization, or to participate in 
        the activities of any international organization for 
        more than one year without approval by the Congress; 
        and
          (b) pay the expenses of participation in activities 
        in which the United States participates by authority of 
        subsection (a) of this section, including, but not 
        limited to the following:
                  (1) Employment of aliens;
                  (2) Travel expenses without regard to the 
                Standardized Government Travel Regulations and 
                to the rates of per diem allowances in lieu of 
                subsistence expenses under the Travel Expense 
                Act of 1949, as amended (5 U.S.C. 5701-
                5708).\47\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \47\ Formerly 5 U.S.C. 835-842, until codified by sec. 7(b) of 
Public Law 89-554 (80 Stat. 378; approved September 6, 1966).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (3) Travel expenses of persons serving 
                without compensation in an advisory capacity 
                while away from their homes or regular places 
                of business not in excess of those authorized 
                for regular officers and employees traveling in 
                connection with said international activities; 
                and
                  (4) Rental of quarters by contract or 
                otherwise.
    Sec. 6.\48\ The provisions of section 8 of the United 
Nations Participation Act of 1945, as amended (22 U.S.C. 287e), 
and regulations thereunder, applicable to expenses incurred 
pursuant to that Act, may be applicable to the obligation and 
expenditure of funds in connection with United States 
participation in the International Civil Aviation Organization.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \48\ 22 U.S.C. 2673.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 7.\49\ The exchange allowances or proceeds derived 
from the exchange or sale of passenger motor vehicles in 
possession of the Foreign Service abroad, in accordance with 
section 201(c) of the Act of June 30, 1949 (40 U.S.C. 481(c)), 
shall be available without fiscal year limitation for 
replacement of an equal number of such vehicles.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \49\ 22 U.S.C. 2674.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 8.\50\ The Secretary of State may allocate or transfer 
to any department, agency, or independent establishment of the 
United States Government (with the consent of the head of such 
department, agency, or establishment) any funds appropriated to 
the Department of State, for direct expenditure by such 
department, agency, or independent establishment for the 
purposes for which the funds are appropriated in accordance 
with authority granted in this Act or under authority governing 
the activities of such department, agency, or independent 
establishment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \50\ 22 U.S.C. 2675. Sec. 121 of the Department of State 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 
Stat. 1023), amended and restated sec. 8. It formerly read as follows:
    ``Sec. 8. The Secretary of State may, when authorized in an 
appropriation or other law, transfer to any department, agency, or 
independent establishment of the Government, with the consent of the 
head thereof, any funds appropriated to the Department of State, for 
direct expenditure by such department, agency, or independent 
establishment for the purposes for which the funds are appropriated.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 9.\51\ The Secretary of State is authorized to enter 
into contracts in foreign countries involving expenditures from 
funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
Department of State, without regard to the provisions of 
section 3741 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 22): Provided, 
That nothing in this section shall be construed to waive the 
provisions of section 431 of title 18 of the United States 
Code.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \51\ 22 U.S.C. 2676.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 10.\52\ Appropriated funds made available to the 
Department of State for expenses in connection with travel of 
personnel outside the continental United States, including 
travel of dependents and transportation of personal effects, 
household goods, or automobiles of such personnel shall be 
available for such expenses when any part of such travel or 
transportation begins in one fiscal year pursuant to travel 
orders issued in that year, notwithstanding the fact that such 
travel or transportation may not be completed during that same 
fiscal year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \52\ 22 U.S.C. 2677.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  reduction in earmarks if appropriations are less than authorizations

    Sec. 11.\53\ If the amount appropriated (or made available 
in the event of a sequestration order issued pursuant to the 
Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 
(Public Law 99-177; 2 U.S.C. 901 et seq.)) for a fiscal year 
pursuant to any authorization of appropriations provided by an 
Act other than an appropriation Act is less than the 
authorization amount and a provision of that Act provides that 
a specified amount of the authorization amount shall be 
available only for a certain purpose, then the amount so 
specified shall be deemed to be reduced for that fiscal year to 
the amount which bears the same ratio to the specified amount 
as the amount appropriated (or made available in the event of 
sequestration) bears to the authorization amount.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \53\ 22 U.S.C. 2678. Sec. 106 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 
Stat. 20), added sec. 11. A previous sec. 11 was repealed by Public Law 
99-550 (100 Stat. 3067), which read: ``Notwithstanding section 1344(a) 
of title 31, United States Code, the Deputy Secretary of State is 
authorized to use Government-owned vehicles for security purposes for 
travel between his or her residence and places where official functions 
are performed.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 12.\54\ The Secretary of State, with the approval of 
the Office of Management and Budget,\55\ shall prescribe the 
maximum rates per diem in lieu of subsistence (or of similar 
allowances therefor) payable while away from their own 
countries to foreign participants in any exchange of persons 
program, or in any program of furnishing technical information 
and assistance, under the jurisdiction of any Government 
agency, and said rates may be fixed without regard to any 
provision of law in limitation thereof.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \54\ 22 U.S.C. 2679.
    \55\ Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1970 redesignated the Bureau of 
the Budget as the Office of Management and Budget.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 13.\56\ (a) \57\ There is hereby established a working 
capital fund for the Department of State, which shall be 
available without fiscal year limitations, for expenses 
(including those authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980) 
\58\ and equipment, necessary for maintenance and operation in 
the city of Washington and elsewhere of (1) central 
reproduction, editorial, data processing, audiovisual, library 
and administrative support services; (2) central services for 
supplies and equipment (including repairs) (3) such other 
administrative services as the Secretary, with the approval of 
the Bureau of the Budget,\55\ determines may be performed more 
advantageously and more economically as central services; and 
\59\ (4) \60\ medical and health care services. Such fund shall 
also be available without fiscal year limitation to carry out 
the purposes of title II of this Act.\59\ The capital of the 
fund shall consist of the amount of the fair and reasonable 
value of such supply inventories, equipment, and other assets 
and inventories on order, pertaining to the services to be 
carried on by the fund, as the Secretary may transfer to the 
fund, less the related liabilities and unpaid obligations, 
together with any appropriations made for the purpose of 
providing capital.\61\ The fund shall be reimbursed, or 
credited with advance payments, from applicable appropriations 
and funds of the Department of State, other Federal agencies, 
and other sources authorized by law, for supplies and services 
at rates which will approximate the expense of operations, 
including accrual of annual leave and depreciation of plant and 
equipment of the fund. The fund shall also be credited with 
other receipts from sale or exchange of property or in payment 
for loss or damage to property held by the fund. There shall be 
transferred into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts, as of 
the close of each fiscal year, earnings which the Secretary 
determines to be excess to the needs of the fund.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \56\ 22 U.S.C. 2684. Sec. 13 was added by sec. 405 of Public Law 
88-205 (77 Stat. 391) and further amended by sec. 407(c) of Public Law 
92-226 which deleted the last sentence of sec. 13(a) which formerly 
read as follows: ``There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such 
amounts as may be necessary to provide capital for the fund.'' The 
original sec. 13, as repealed September 6, 1960, by sec. 511(a)(2) of 
Public Law 86-707 (74 Stat. 800), read as follows: ``Allowances granted 
under sec. 901(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1946 (22 U.S.C. 
1311(1)), may include water, in addition to the utilities specified.''.
    \57\ Sec. 109(a) of Public Law 95-426 (92 Stat. 966) added subsec. 
designation ``(a)'' and subsec. (b).
    \58\ The reference to the Foreign Service Act of 1980 was 
substituted in lieu of a reference to the Foreign Service Act of 1946 
by sec. 2201(b) of Public Law 96-465 (94 Stat. 2157).
    \59\ Sec. 112 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 21), inserted 
``and'' before clause (4); struck out clause (5), which formerly read 
as follows: ``(5) services and supplies to carry out title II of this 
Act''; and added the sentence which begins ``Such fund''.
    \60\ Sec. 109(a) of Public Law 95-426 (92 Stat. 966) added clause 
(4).
    \61\ Sec. 109(a) of Public Law 95-426 (92 Stat. 966) struck out a 
sentence at this point that read as follows: ``Not to exceed $750,000 
in net assets shall be transferred to the fund for purposes of 
providing capital.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) \57\ The current value of supplies returned to the 
working capital fund by a post, activity, or agency may be 
charged to the fund. The proceeds thereof shall, if otherwise 
authorized, be credited to current applicable appropriations 
and shall remain available for expenditures for the same 
purposes for which those appropriations are available. Credits 
may not be made to appropriations under this subsection as the 
result of capitalization of inventories.
    Sec. 14.\62\ (a) Any contract for the procurement of 
property or services, or both, for the Department of State or 
the Foreign Service which is funded on the basis of annual 
appropriations may nevertheless be made for periods not in 
excess of 5 years when--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \62\ 22 U.S.C. 2679a. Sec. 121 of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 280) 
added sec. 14. A prior sec. 14, part of the original Act, was repealed 
by Public Law 86-707 (74 Stat. 798). Subsequently, a new sec. 14 was 
added by sec. 10 of Public Law 93-475 (88 Stat. 1441) and amended by 
Public Law 93-475, Public Law 94-161, and Public Law 95-105. It was 
repealed by sec. 2205(10) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public 
Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2160). Such section formerly concerned the payment 
of a gratuity to the surviving dependents of a Foreign Service employee 
who died as the result of injuries sustained in the performance of duty 
outside the United States. This gratuity is now covered at Sec. 413 of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) appropriations are available and adequate for 
        payment for the first fiscal year and for all potential 
        cancellation costs; and
          (2) the Secretary of State determines that--
                  (A) the need of the Government for the 
                property or service being acquired over the 
                period of the contract is reasonably firm and 
                continuing;
                  (B) such a contract will serve the best 
                interests of the United States by encouraging 
                effective competition or promoting economies in 
                performance and operation; and
                  (C) such a method of contracting will not 
                inhibit small business participation.
    (b) In the event that funds are not made available for the 
continuation of such a contract into a subsequent fiscal year, 
the contract shall be cancelled and any cancellation costs 
incurred shall be paid from appropriations originally available 
for the performance of the contract, appropriations currently 
available for the acquisition of similar property or services 
and not otherwise obligated, or appropriations made for such 
cancellation payments.
    Sec. 15.\63\ (a)(1) Notwithstanding any provision of law 
enacted before the date of enactment of the State Department/
USIA Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1975,\64\ no money 
appropriated to the Department of State under any law shall be 
available for obligation or expenditure with respect to any 
fiscal year commencing on or after July 1, 1972--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \63\ 22 U.S.C. 2680. Sec. 15 was amended by sec. 407(b) of Public 
Law 92-226 (86 Stat. 35) and further amended by sec. 102 of Public Law 
92-352 (86 Stat. 490). Subsec. (a) was further amended by sec. 11 of 
Public Law 93-475 (88 Stat. 1442). It formerly read as follows: 
``Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no appropriation shall be 
made to the Department of State under any law for any fiscal year 
commencing on or after July 1, 1972, unless previously authorized by 
legislation hereafter enacted by the Congress. The provisions of this 
subsection shall not apply to, or affect in any manner, permanent 
appropriations, trust funds, and other similar accounts administered by 
the Department as authorized by law.''.
    \64\ Public Law 93-475 (88 Stat. 1439), approved October 26, 1974.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (A) unless the appropriation thereof has been 
        authorized by law enacted on or after February 7, 1972; 
        or
          (B) in excess of an amount prescribed by law enacted 
        on or after such date.
    (2) To the extent that legislation enacted after the making 
of an appropriation to the Department of State authorizes the 
obligation or expenditure thereof, the limitation contained in 
paragraph (1) shall have no effect.
    (3) The provisions of this section--
          (A) shall not be superseded except by a provision of 
        law enacted after February 7, 1972, which specifically 
        repeals, modifies, or supersedes the provisions of this 
        section; and
          (B) shall not apply to, or affect in any manner, 
        permanent appropriations, trust funds, and other 
        similar accounts administered by the Department as 
        authorized by law.
    (b) The Department of State shall keep the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs \65\ of the House of Representatives fully and 
currently informed with respect to all activities and 
responsibilities within the jurisdiction of these committees. 
Any Federal department, agency, or independent establishment 
shall furnish any information requested by either such 
committee relating to any such activity or responsibility.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \65\ Sec. 1(a)(5) of Public Law 104-14 (109 Stat. 186) provided 
that references to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 16.\66\ The first section of the Act of August 16, 
1941 (42 U.S.C. 1651; commonly known as the ``Defense Base 
Act'') shall not apply with respect to such contracts as the 
Secretary of State may determine which are contracts with 
persons employed to perform work for the Department of State or 
the Foreign Service on an intermittent basis for not more than 
90 days in a calendar year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \66\ 22 U.S.C. 2680a. Sec. 122 of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 281) 
added sec. 16. A prior sec. 16, as added by Public Law 93-475 and 
amended by Public Law 94-426, was repealed by sec. 2205(10) of the 
Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2160). Sec. 16 
formerly described the duties and responsibilities of a United States 
chief of mission. A similar provision is now included at Sec. 207 of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 17.\67\ The Secretary of State is authorized to use 
appropriated funds for unusual expenses similar to those 
authorized by section 5913 of title 5, United States Code, 
incident to the operation and maintenance of the living 
quarters of the United States Representative to the 
Organization of American States.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \67\ 22 U.S.C. 2687. Sec. 101(c) of Public Law 94-141 added sec. 
17.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 18.\68\ It is the sense of the Congress that the 
position of United States ambassador to a foreign country 
should be accorded to men and women possessing clearly 
demonstrated competence to perform ambassadorial duties. No 
individual should be accorded the position of United States 
ambassador to a foreign country primarily because of financial 
contributions to political campaigns.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \68\ 22 U.S.C. 2688. Sec. 104 of Public Law 94-141 added sec. 18.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 19.\69\ Each fiscal year (beginning with fiscal year 
1977), the Secretary of State may use \70\ funds appropriated 
for the American Sections, International Joint Commission, 
United States and Canada, for representation expenses and 
official entertainment within the United States for such 
American Sections.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \69\ 22 U.S.C. 2689. Sec. 104 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1977 (Public Law 94-350), added sec. 19.
    \70\ Sec. 110(a) of Public Law 95-426 (92 Stat. 967) struck out 
``not to exceed $1,500 of the'' at this point.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 20.\71\ Any expenditure for any gift for any person of 
any foreign country which involves any funds made available to 
meet unforeseen emergencies arising in the Diplomatic and 
Consular Service shall be audited by the Controller General and 
reports thereon made to the Congress to such extent and at such 
times as he may determine necessary. The representatives of the 
General Accounting Office \72\ shall have access to all books, 
accounts, records, reports, files, and all other papers, 
things, or property pertaining to such expenditure and 
necessary to facilitate the audit.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \71\ 22 U.S.C. 2690. Sec. 16 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Year 1977 (Public Law 94-350), added sec. 20.
    \72\ Sec. 8 of the GAO Human Capital Reform Act of 2004 (Public Law 
108-271; 118 Stat. 814) redesignated the ``General Accounting Office'' 
as the "Government Accountability Office" and provided that ``Any 
reference to the General Accounting Office in any law, rule, 
regulations, certificate, directive, instruction, or other official 
paper in force on the date of enactment of this Act shall be considered 
to refer and apply to the Government Accountability Office.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 21.\73\ * * * [Repealed--1990]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \73\ Formerly 22 U.S.C. 2691. Sec. 603(a)(18) of the Immigration 
Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-649; 104 Stat. 5084) repealed sec. 21. 
Previously, sec. 21 was added by sec. 112 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1978 (91 Stat. 848), and substantially 
amended by sec. 109 of the Department of State Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1980 and 1981 (Public Law 96-60; 93 Stat. 397), and 
earlier amended by sec. 119 of Public Law 95-426 (92 Stat. 970). Sec. 
21 provided for the issuance of visas to aliens, otherwise excludable 
because of organizational affiliations, to participate in the 
provisions of the Final Act of the Conference on Security and 
Cooperation in Europe (signed at Helsinki on August 1, 1975).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 22.\74\ (a) The Secretary of State may compensate, 
pursuant to regulations which he shall prescribe, for the cost 
of participating in any proceeding or on any advisory committee 
or delegation of the Department of State, any organization or 
person--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \74\ 22 U.S.C. 2692. Sec. 113(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1978 (91 Stat. 848), added sec. 22.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) who is representing an interest which would not 
        otherwise be adequately represented and whose 
        participation is necessary for a fair determination of 
        the issues taken as a whole; and
          (2) who would otherwise be unable to participate in 
        such proceeding or on such committee or delegation 
        because such organization or person cannot afford to 
        pay the costs of such participation.
    (b) Of the funds appropriated for salaries and expenses for 
the Department of State, not to exceed $250,000 shall be 
available in any fiscal year for compensation under this 
section to such organizations and persons.

                      ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES \75\

    Sec. 23.\75\ (a) Agreements.--Whenever the head of any 
Federal agency performing any foreign affairs functions 
(including, but not limited to, the Department of State, the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors \76\ and the Agency for 
International Development) \77\ determines that administrative 
services performed in common by the Department of State and one 
or more other such agencies may be performed more 
advantageously and more economically on a consolidated basis, 
the Secretary of State and the heads of the other agencies 
concerned may, subject to the approval of the Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget, conclude an agreement which 
provides for the transfer to and consolidation within the 
Department or within one of the other agencies concerned of so 
much of the functions, personnel, property, records, and funds 
of the Department and of the other agencies concerned as may be 
necessary to enable the performance of those administrative 
services on a consolidated basis for the benefit of all 
agencies concerned. Agreements for consolidation of 
administrative services under this section shall provide for 
reimbursement or advances of funds from the agency receiving 
the service to the agency performing the service in amounts 
which will approximate the expense of providing administrative 
services for the serviced agency.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \75\ 22 U.S.C. 2695. Sec. 111(a) of Public Law 95-426 (92 Stat. 
967), added sec. 23.
    Sec. 118 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 657), added the section 
heading; designated the original text as subsec. ``(a) Agreements.--''; 
and added subsec. (b).
    \76\ Sec. 1335(l)(1) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation 
Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 
Stat. 2681-789) struck out ``United States Information Agency'' and 
inserted in lieu thereof ``Broadcasting Board of Governors''.
    \77\ Sec. 1225(f) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act 
of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 
2681-775) struck out ``, the Agency for International Development, and 
the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency'' and inserted in lieu thereof 
``and the Agency for International Development''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) \78\ Payment.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \78\ Functions vested in the Secretary of State in this subsection 
were further delegated to the Under Secretary for Management by 
Delegation of Authority No. 193, January 7, 1992 (Public Notice 1555; 
57 F.R. 2298; January 21, 1992).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) A Federal agency which obtains administrative 
        services from the Department of State pursuant to an 
        agreement authorized under subsection (a) shall make 
        full and prompt payment for such services through 
        advance of funds or reimbursement.
          (2) The Secretary of State shall bill each Federal 
        agency for amounts due for services provided pursuant 
        to subsection (a). The Secretary shall notify a Federal 
        agency which has not made full payment for services 
        within 90 days after billing that services to the 
        agency will be suspended or terminated if full payment 
        is not made within 180 days after the date of 
        notification. Except as provided under paragraph (3), 
        the Secretary shall suspend or terminate services to a 
        Federal agency which has not made full payment for 
        services under this section 180 days after the date of 
        notification. Any costs associated with a suspension or 
        termination of services shall be the responsibility of, 
        and shall be billed to, the Federal agency.
          (3) The Secretary of State may waive the requirement 
        for suspension or termination under paragraph (2) with 
        respect to such services as the Secretary determines 
        are necessary to ensure the protection of life and the 
        safety of United States Government property. A waiver 
        may be issued for a period not to exceed one year and 
        may be renewed.
    Sec. 24.\79\ (a) There are authorized to be appropriated 
for the Department of State, in addition to amounts otherwise 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department, such sums as 
may be necessary for any fiscal year for increases in salary, 
pay, retirement, and other employee benefits authorized by law.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \79\ 22 U.S.C. 2696. Sec. 105 of the Department of State 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1980 and 1981 (Public Law 96-60; 93 
Stat. 396), added sec. 24.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) \80\ (1) In order to maintain the levels of program 
activity for the Department of State provided for each fiscal 
year by the annual authorizing legislation, there are 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department of State such 
sums as may be necessary to offset adverse fluctuations in 
foreign currency exchange rates, or overseas wage and price 
changes, which occur after November 30 of the earlier of--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \80\ Sec. 112(a) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 277) amended and 
restated subsec. (b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (A) the calendar year which ended during the fiscal 
        year preceding such fiscal year, or
          (B) the calendar year which preceded the calendar 
        year during which the authorization of appropriations 
        for such fiscal year was enacted.
    (2) In carrying out this subsection, there may be 
established a Buying Power Maintenance account.
    (3) In order to eliminate substantial gains to the approved 
levels of overseas operations for the Department of State, the 
Secretary of State shall transfer to the Buying Power 
Maintenance account such amounts in any appropriation account 
under the heading ``Administration of Foreign Affairs'' as the 
Secretary determines are excessive to the needs of the approved 
level of operations under that appropriation account because of 
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates or changes in 
overseas wages and prices.
    (4) In order to offset adverse fluctuations in foreign 
currency exchange rates or overseas wage and price changes, the 
Secretary of State may transfer from the Buying Power 
Maintenance account to any appropriation account under the 
heading ``Administration of Foreign Affairs'' such amounts as 
the Secretary determines are necessary to maintain the approved 
level of operations under that appropriation account.
    (5) Funds transferred by the Secretary of State from the 
Buying Power Maintenance account to another account shall be 
merged with and be available for the same purpose, and for the 
same time period, as the funds in that other account. Funds 
transferred by the Secretary from another account to the Buying 
Power Maintenance account shall be merged with the funds in the 
Buying Power Maintenance account and shall be available for the 
purposes of that account until expended.
    (6) Any restriction contained in an appropriation Act or 
other provision of law limiting the amounts available for the 
Department of State that may be obligated or expended shall be 
deemed to be adjusted to the extent necessary to offset the net 
effect of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates or 
overseas wage and price changes in order to maintain approved 
levels.
  (7) \81\ (A) Subject to the limitations contained in this 
paragraph, not later than the end of the fifth fiscal year 
after the fiscal year for which funds are appropriated or 
otherwise made available for an account under ``Administration 
of Foreign Affairs'', the Secretary of State may transfer any 
unobligated balance of such funds to the Buying Power 
Maintenance account.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \81\ Sec. 117(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 656), added para. 
(7). Clause (E), repealed by 122(a)(1) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 392), had provided that ``[T]his paragraph shall cease to have 
effect after September 30, 1993.''.
    Functions vested in the Secretary of State in this paragraph were 
further delegated to the Under Secretary for Management by Delegation 
of Authority No. 193, January 7, 1992 (Public Notice 1555; 57 F.R. 
2298; January 21, 1992).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (B) The balance of the Buying Power Maintenance account may 
not exceed $100,000,000 as a result of any transfer under this 
paragraph.
  (C) Any transfer pursuant to this paragraph shall be treated 
as a reprogramming of funds under section 34 and shall be 
available for obligation or expenditure only in accordance with 
the procedures under such section.
  (D) The authorities contained in this section may only be 
exercised to such an extent and in such amounts as specifically 
provided for in advance in appropriations Acts.
    (c) Amounts authorized to be appropriated for a fiscal year 
for the Department of State or to the Secretary of State are 
authorized to be made available until expended.
    (d) \82\ (1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), funds 
authorized to be appropriated for any account of the Department 
of State in the Department of State Appropriations Act, for 
either \83\ fiscal year of any two-year authorization cycle may 
be appropriated for such \83\ fiscal year for any other account 
of the Department of State.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \82\ Sec. 117(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 657), amended and 
restated subsec. (d). Sec. 122(a)(4) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 392), struck out para. (4) of subsec. (d), which had provided 
that, ``[T]his subsection shall cease to have effect after September 
30, 1993.''.
    \83\ Sec. 122(a)(2)(A) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 392), struck 
out ``the second'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``either''. Sec. 
122(a)(2)(B) of that Act struck out ``such second'' and inserted in 
lieu thereof ``such''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (2) \84\ Amounts appropriated for the ``Diplomatic and 
Consular Programs'' account may not exceed by more than 5 
percent the amount specifically authorized to be appropriated 
for such account for a fiscal year. No other appropriations 
account may exceed by more than 10 percent the amount 
specifically authorized to be appropriated for such account for 
a fiscal year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \84\ The first sentence of this para. was amended and restated by 
sec. 122(a)(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 392).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (3) The requirements and limitations of section 15 shall not 
apply to the appropriation of funds pursuant to this 
subsection.
    (e) \85\ Amounts authorized to be appropriated for a fiscal 
year for the Department of State or to the Secretary of State 
are authorized to be obligated for twelve-month contracts which 
are to be performed in two fiscal years, if the total amount 
for such contracts is obligated in the earlier fiscal year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \85\ Sec. 107 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 21), added subsec. 
(e).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 25.\86\ (a) The Secretary of State may accept on 
behalf of the United States gifts made unconditionally by will 
or otherwise for the benefit of the Department of State 
(including the Foreign Service) or for the carrying out of any 
of its functions. Conditional gifts may be so accepted at the 
discretion of the Secretary, and the principal of and income 
from any such conditional gift shall be held, invested, 
reinvested, and used in accordance with its conditions, except 
that no gift shall be accepted which is conditioned upon any 
expenditure which will not be met by the gift or the income 
from the gift unless such expenditure has been approved by Act 
of Congress.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \86\ 22 U.S.C. 2697. Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2153) added sec. 25.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Any unconditional gift of money accepted under section 
(a), the income from any gift property held under subsection 
(c) or (d) (except income made available for expenditure under 
subsection (d)(2)), the net proceeds from the liquidation of 
gift property under subsection (c) or (d), and the proceeds of 
insurance on any gift property which are not used for its 
restoration, shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United 
States. Such funds are hereby appropriated and shall be held in 
trust by the Secretary of the Treasury for the benefit of the 
Department of State (including the Foreign Service). The 
Secretary of the Treasury may invest and reinvest such funds in 
interest-bearing obligations of the United States or in 
obligations guaranteed as to both principal and interest by the 
United States. Such funds and the income from such investments 
shall be available for expenditure in the operation of the 
Department of State (including the Foreign Service) and the 
performance of its functions, subject to the same examination 
and audit as is provided for appropriations made for the 
Foreign Service by the Congress, but shall not be expended for 
representational purposes at United States missions except in 
accordance with the conditions that apply to appropriated 
funds.\87\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \87\ Sec. 125 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1341), inserted 
``but shall not be expended for representational purposes at United 
States missions except in accordance with the conditions that apply to 
appropriated funds''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) The evidences of any unconditional gift of intangible 
personal property (other than money) accepted under subsection 
(a), shall be deposited with the Secretary of the Treasury who 
may hold or liquidate them, except that they shall be 
liquidated upon the request of the Secretary of State whenever 
necessary to meet payments required in the operation of the 
Department of State (including the Foreign Service) or the 
performance of its functions.
    (d)(1) The Secretary of State shall hold any real property 
or any tangible personal property accepted unconditionally 
pursuant to subsection (a) and shall either use such property 
for the operation of the Department of State (including the 
Foreign Service) and the performance of its functions or lease 
or hire such property, except that any such property not 
required for the operation of the Department of State 
(including the Foreign Service) or the performance of its 
functions may be liquidated by the Secretary of State whenever 
in the judgment of the Secretary of State the purposes of the 
gift will be served thereby. The Secretary of State may insure 
any property held under this subsection. Except as provided in 
paragraph (2), the Secretary shall deposit the income from any 
property held under this subsection with the Secretary of the 
Treasury as provided in subsection (b).
    (2) The income from any real property or tangible personal 
property held under this subsection shall be available for 
expenditure at the discretion of the Secretary of State for the 
maintenance, preservation, or repair and insurance of such 
property and any proceeds from insurance may be used to restore 
the property insured.
    (e) For the purpose of Federal income, estate, and gift 
taxes, any gift, devise, or bequest accepted under this section 
shall be deemed to be a gift, devise, or bequest to and for the 
use of the United States.
    (f) The authorities available to the Secretary of State 
under this section with respect to the Department of State 
shall be available to the Broadcasting Board of Governors \88\ 
and the Administrator of the Agency for International 
Development \89\ with respect to the Board and the 
Agency''.\90\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \88\ Sec. 1335(l)(2)(A) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies 
Consolidation Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-789) struck out ``Director of the United States 
Information Agency'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``Broadcasting Board 
of Governors''. Previously, sec. 303(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
291) substituted ``Director of the United States Information Agency'' 
for ``Director of the International Communication Agency'', wherever it 
appeared in law.
    \89\ Sec. 1422(b)(3)(A) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies 
Consolidation Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-792) struck out ``Director of the United States 
International Development Cooperation Agency'' and inserted in lieu 
thereof ``Administrator of the Agency for International Development''.
    \90\ Sec. 1335(l)(2)(B) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies 
Consolidation Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-789) struck out ``with respect to their 
respective agencies'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``with respect to 
the Board and the Agency''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 26.\91\ (a) The Secretary of State may, without regard 
to section 3106 of title 5, United States Code, authorize a 
principal officer of the Foreign Service to procure legal 
services whenever such services are required for the protection 
of the interests of the Government or to enable a member of the 
Service to carry on the member's work efficiently.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \91\ 22 U.S.C. 2698. Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2153) added sec. 26.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) The authority available to the Secretary of State under 
this section shall be available to the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors,\92\ and the Administrator of the Agency for 
International Development \93\ with respect to the Board and 
the Agency.\94\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \92\ Sec. 1335(l)(3)(A) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies 
Consolidation Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-789) struck out ``Director of the United States 
Information Agency, the chairman of the Board for International 
Broadcasting,'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``Broadcasting Board of 
Governors''. Previously, sec. 303 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 
Stat. 64), stuck out ``International Communication Agency'' and 
inserted in lieu thereof ``United States Information Agency, the 
chairman of the Board for International Broadcasting,''.
    \93\ Sec. 1422(b)(3)(B) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies 
Consolidation Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-792) struck out ``Director of the United States 
International Development Cooperation Agency'' and inserted in lieu 
thereof ``Administrator of the Agency for International Development''.
    \94\ Sec. 1335(l)(3)(B) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies 
Consolidation Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-789) struck out ``with respect to their 
respective agencies'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``with respect to 
the Board and the Agency''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 27.\95\ (a) In order to expand employment 
opportunities for family members of the United States 
Government personnel assigned abroad, the Secretary of State 
shall seek to conclude such bilateral and multilateral 
agreements as will facilitate the employment of such family 
members in foreign economies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \95\ 22 U.S.C. 2699. Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2153) added sec. 27.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Any member of a family of a member of the Foreign 
Service may accept gainful employment in a foreign country 
unless such employment--
          (1) would violate any law of such country or of the 
        United States; or
          (2) could, as certified in writing by the United 
        States chief of mission to such country, damage the 
        interests of the United States.
    Sec. 28.\96\ The Secretary of State may authorize the 
principal officer of a Foreign Service post to provide for the 
use of Government owned or leased vehicles located at that post 
for transportation of United States Government employees and 
their families when public transportation is unsafe or not 
available or when such use is advantageous to the Government.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \96\ 22 U.S.C. 2700. Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2153) added sec. 28.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 29.\97\ Whenever the Secretary of State determines 
that educational facilities are not available, or that existing 
educational facilities are inadequate, to meet the needs of 
children of United States citizens stationed outside the United 
States who are engaged in carrying out Government activities, 
the Secretary may, in such manner as he deems appropriate and 
under such regulations as he may prescribe, establish, operate, 
and maintain primary schools, and school dormitories and 
related educational facilities for primary and secondary 
schools, outside the United States, make grants of funds for 
such purposes, or otherwise provide for such educational 
facilities. The authorities of the Foreign Service Buildings 
Act, 1926, and of paragraphs (h) and (i) of section 3 of this 
Act, may be utilized by the Secretary in providing assistance 
for educational facilities. Such assistance may include hiring, 
transporting, and payment of teachers and other necessary 
personnel. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, where 
the child of a United States citizen employee of an agency of 
the United States Government who is stationed outside the 
United States attends an educational facility assisted by the 
Secretary of State under this section, the head of that agency 
is authorized to reimburse, or credit with advance payment, the 
Department of State for funds used in providing assistance to 
such educational facilities, by grant or otherwise, under this 
section.\98\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \97\ 22 U.S.C. 2701. Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2154) added sec. 29.
    \98\ Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 105-277; 
112 Stat. 2681-804), added text beginning at ``Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 30.\99\ (a) The remedy--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \99\ 22 U.S.C. 2702. Sec. 30 was added by sec. 2201 of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2155).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) against the United States provided by sections 
        1346(b) and 2672 of title 28, United States Code, or
          (2) through proceedings for compensation or other 
        benefits from the United States as provided by any 
        other law, where the availability of such benefits 
        precludes a remedy under such sections,
for damages for personal injury, including death, allegedly 
arising from malpractice or negligence of a physician, dentist, 
nurse, pharmacist or paramedical (including medical and dental 
assistants and technicians, nursing assistants, and therapists) 
or other supporting personnel of the Department of State in 
furnishing medical care or related services, including the 
conducting of clinical studies or investigations, while in the 
exercise of his or her duties in or for the Department of State 
or any other Federal department, agency, or instrumentality 
shall be exclusive of any other civil action or proceeding by 
reason of the same subject matter against such physician, 
dentist, nurse, pharmacist, or paramedical or other supporting 
personnel (or his or her estate) whose act or omission gave 
rise to such claim.
    (b) The United States Government shall defend any civil 
action or proceeding brought in any court against any person 
referred to in subsection (a) of this section (or his or her 
estate) for any such damage or injury. Any such person against 
whom such civil action or proceeding is brought shall deliver, 
within such time after date of service or knowledge of service 
as may be determined by the Attorney General, all process 
served upon him or her or an attested true copy thereof to 
whomever was designated by the Secretary to receive such 
papers. Such person shall promptly furnish copies of the 
pleading and process therein to the United States attorney for 
the district embracing the place wherein the proceeding is 
brought, to the Attorney General, and to the Secretary.
    (c) Upon a certification by the Attorney General that the 
defendant was acting within the scope of his or her employment 
in or for the Department of State or any other Federal 
department, agency, or instrumentality at the time of the 
incident out of which the suit arose, any such civil action or 
proceeding commenced in a State court shall be removed without 
bond at any time before trial by the Attorney General to the 
district court of the United States of the district and 
division embracing the place wherein it is pending and the 
proceeding deemed a tort action brought against the United 
States under the provisions of title 28, United States Code, 
and all references thereto. Should a United States district 
court determine on a hearing on a motion to remand held before 
a trial on the merits that the case so removed is one in which 
a remedy by suit within the meaning of subsection (a) of this 
section is not available against the United States, the case 
shall be remanded to the State court except that where such 
remedy is precluded because of the availability of a remedy 
through proceedings for compensation or other benefits from the 
United States as provided by any other law, the case shall be 
dismissed, but in that event, the running of any limitation of 
time for commencing, or filing an application or claim in, such 
proceedings for compensation or other benefits shall be deemed 
to have been suspended during the pendency of the civil action 
or proceeding under this section.
    (d) The Attorney General may compromise or settle any claim 
asserted in such civil action or proceeding in the manner 
provided in section 2677 of title 28, the United States Code, 
and with the same effect.
    (e) For purposes of this section, the provisions of section 
2680(h) of title 28, United States Code, shall not apply to any 
tort enumerated therein arising out of negligence in the 
furnishing of medical care or related services, including the 
conducting of clinical studies or investigations.
    (f) The Secretary may, to the extent he deems appropriate, 
hold harmless or provide liability insurance for any person to 
whom the immunity provisions of subsection (a) of this section 
apply, for damages for personal injury, including death, 
negligently caused by any such person while acting within the 
scope of his or her office of employment and as a result of the 
furnishing of medical care or related services, including the 
conducting of clinical studies or investigations, if such 
person is assigned to a foreign area or detailed for service 
with other than a Federal agency or institution, or if the 
circumstances are such as are likely to preclude the remedies 
of third persons against the United States provided by sections 
1346(b) and 2672 of title 28, United States Code, for such 
damage or injury.
    (g) For purposes of this section, any medical care or 
related service covered by this section and performed abroad by 
a covered person at the direction or with the approval of the 
United States chief of mission or other principal 
representative of the United States in the area shall be deemed 
to be within the scope of employment of the individual 
performing the service.
    Sec. 31.\100\ (a) The Secretary of State may authorize and 
assist in the establishment, maintenance, and operation by 
civilian officers and employees of the Government of non-
Government-operated services and facilities at posts abroad, 
including the furnishing of space, utilities, and properties 
owned or leased by the Government for use by its diplomatic, 
consular, and other missions and posts abroad. The provisions 
of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 292-300) 
and section 13 of this Act may be utilized by the Secretary in 
providing such assistance.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \100\ 22 U.S.C. 2703. Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2156) added sec. 31.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) The Secretary may establish and maintain emergency 
commissary or mess services in places abroad where, in the 
judgment of the Secretary, such services are necessary 
temporarily to insure the effective and efficient performance 
of official duties and responsibilities. Reimbursements 
incident to the maintenance and operation of commissary or mess 
service under this subsection shall be at not less than cost as 
determined by the Secretary and shall be used as working funds, 
except that an amount equal to the amount expended for such 
services shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous 
receipts.
    (c) Services and facilities established under this section 
shall be made available, insofar as practicable, to officers 
and employees of all agencies and their dependents who are 
stationed in the locality abroad, and, where determined by the 
Secretary to be appropriate due to exceptional circumstances, 
to United States citizens hired outside of the host country to 
serve as teaching staff for such dependents abroad.\101\ Such 
services and facilities shall not be established in localities 
where another agency operates similar services or facilities 
unless the Secretary determines that additional services or 
facilities are necessary. Other agencies shall to the extent 
practicable avoid duplicating the facilities and services 
provided or assisted by the Secretary under this section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \101\ Sec. 144 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 668), added text to 
end of sentence beginning with ``, and, where determined by the 
Secretary * * *''.
    Functions vested in the Secretary of State by the amendment in 
Public Law 102-138 were further delegated to the Under Secretary for 
Management by Delegation of Authority No. 193, January 7, 1992 (Public 
Notice 1555; 57 F.R. 2298; January 21, 1992).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (d) Charges at any post abroad for a service or facility 
provided, authorized or assisted under this section shall be at 
the same rate for all civilian personnel of the Government 
serviced thereby, and all charges for supplies furnished to 
such a service or facility abroad by any agency shall be at the 
same rate as that charged by the furnishing agency to its 
comparable civilian services and facilities.
    (e) \102\ The \103\ Secretary of State may make grants to 
child care facilities, to offset in part the cost of such care, 
in Moscow and at no more than five other posts abroad where the 
Secretary determines that due to extraordinary circumstances 
such facilities are necessary to the efficient operation of the 
post. In making that determination, the Secretary shall take 
into account factors such as--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \102\ Sec. 147 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 38), added subsec. 
(e).
    \103\ Sec. 124 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 393), struck out 
``For the fiscal years 1992 and 1993, the'' and inserted in lieu 
thereof ``The''. Previously, sec. 121 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 658), renewed this authority originally established for fiscal 
years 1990 and 1991.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) whether Foreign Service spouses are encouraged to 
        work at the post because--
                  (A) the number of members of the post is 
                subject to a ceiling imposed by the receiving 
                country; and
                  (B) Foreign Service nationals are not 
                employed at the post; and
          (2) whether local child care is available.
    Sec. 32.\104\ The Secretary of State may pay, without 
regard to section 5702 of title 5, United States Code, 
subsistence expenses of (1) special agents \105\ of the 
Department of State who are on authorized protective missions, 
and (2) members of the Foreign Service and employees of the 
Department who are required to spend extraordinary amounts of 
time in travel status. The authorities available to the 
Secretary of State under this section with respect to the 
Department of State shall be available to the Broadcasting 
Board of Governors \106\ and the Administrator of the Agency 
for International Development \107\ with respect to their 
respective agencies, except that the authority of clause (2) 
shall be available with respect to those agencies only in the 
case of members of the Foreign Service and employees of the 
agency who are performing security-related functions 
abroad.\108\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \104\ 22 U.S.C. 2704. Sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(Public Law 96-465; 94 Stat. 2157) added sec. 32.
    \105\ Sec. 125(b) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 417) struck out 
``security officers'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``special agents''. 
Sec. 125(c) of the same Act repealed sec. 4 of the Act entitled ``An 
Act to provide authority to protect heads of foreign states and other 
officials'' approved August 27, 1964 (2 U.S.C. 2667), and the Act 
entitled ``An Act to authorize certain officers and employees of the 
Department of State and the Foreign Service to carry firearms'' 
approved June 28, 1955 (22 U.S.C. 2666).
    \106\ Sec. 1335(l)(4) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation 
Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 
Stat. 2681-7789) struck out ``the Director of the United States 
Information Agency'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``the Broadcasting 
Board of Governors''.
    \107\ Sec. 1422(b)(3)(C) of the Foreign Affairs Agencies 
Consolidation Act of 1998 (subdivision A of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-789) struck out ``Director of the United States 
International Development Cooperation Agency'' and inserted in lieu 
thereof ``Administrator of the Agency for International Development''.
    \108\ Sec. 303(c) of Public Law 98-533 (98 Stat. 2711) added this 
sentence.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 33.\109\ The following documents shall have the same 
force and effect as proof of United States citizenship as 
certificates of naturalization or of citizenship issued by the 
Attorney General or by a court having naturalization 
jurisdiction:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \109\ 22 U.S.C. 2705. Sec. 117 of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 279) 
added sec. 33.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) A passport, during its period of validity (if 
        such period is the maximum period authorized by law), 
        issued by the Secretary of State to a citizen of the 
        United States.
          (2) The report, designated as a ``Report of Birth 
        Abroad of a Citizen of the United States'', issued by a 
        consular officer to document a citizen born abroad. For 
        purposes of this paragraph, the term `consular officer' 
        includes any United States citizen employee of the 
        Department of State who is designated by the Secretary 
        of State to adjudicate nationality abroad pursuant to 
        such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe.\110\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \110\ Sec. 2222(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-818), added text beginning with ``For purposes 
of this paragraph''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 34.\111\ (a) Unless the Committee on International 
Relations and the Committee on Appropriations \112\ of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
and the Committee on Appropriations \113\ of the Senate are 
notified fifteen days in advance of the proposed reprogramming, 
funds appropriated for the Department of State shall not be 
available for obligation or expenditure through any 
reprogramming of funds--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \111\ 22 U.S.C. 2706. Sec. 34(a) was originally added as sec. 34 by 
sec. 123 of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 Stat. 1025). Sec. 121 of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public 
Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1339), redesignated it as subsec. (a) and added 
a new subsec. (b).
    Part D, title V of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 486), the Cambodian 
Genocide Justice Act, in part, established the Office of Cambodian 
Genocide Information in the Department of State. Sec. 573(d) under that 
part required:
    ``(d) Notification to Congress.--The Committee on Foreign Relations 
and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives shall be notified of any exercise of the authority of 
section 34 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 with 
respect to the Office [of Cambodian Genocide Information] or any of its 
programs, projects, or activities at least 15 days in advance in 
accordance with procedures applicable to notifications under that 
section.''.
    \112\ Sec. 2243(1)(A) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-823), struck out ``Foreign Affairs'' and 
inserted in lieu thereof ``International Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations''.
    \113\ Sec. 2243(1)(B) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-823), inserted ``and the Committee on 
Appropriations'' after ``Foreign Relations''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) which creates new programs;
          (2) which eliminates a program, project, or activity;
          (3) which increases funds or personnel by any means 
        for any project or activity for which funds have been 
        denied or restricted by the Congress;
          (4) which relocates an office or employees;
          (5) which reorganizes offices, programs, or 
        activities;
          (6) which involves contracting out functions which 
        had been performed by Federal employees; or
          (7) which involves a reprogramming in excess of 
        $1,000,000 \114\ or 10 percent, whichever is less and 
        which (A) augments existing programs, projects, or 
        activities, (B) reduces by 10 percent or more the 
        funding for any existing program, project, activity, or 
        personnel approved by the Congress, or (C) results from 
        any general savings from a reduction in personnel which 
        would result in a change in existing programs, 
        activities, or projects approved by the Congress.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \114\ Sec. 122(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 392), struck 
out ``$500,000'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``$1,000,000''.
    Previously, sec. 117(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 657), struck 
out ``$250,000'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``$500,000''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) \111\ Funds appropriated for the Department of State 
may not be available for obligation or expenditure through any 
reprogramming described in subsection (a) during the period 
which is the last 15 days in which such funds are available 
unless notice of such reprogramming is made before such period.
    (c) \115\ The Secretary of State may waive the notification 
requirement of subsection (a), if the Secretary determines that 
failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human health 
or welfare. In the case of any waiver under this subsection, 
notification to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on 
International Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of 
the House of Representatives shall be provided as soon as 
practicable, but not later than 3 days after taking the action 
to which the notification requirement was applicable, and shall 
contain an explanation of the emergency circumstances.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \115\ Sec. 2243(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-823), added subsec. (c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sec. 35.\116\ (b) \117\ The Secretary of State shall be 
responsible for formulation, coordination, and oversight of 
foreign policy related to international communications and 
information policy. The Secretary of State shall--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \116\ 22 U.S.C. 2707. Sec. 162(k)(1) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 408), struck out subsec. (a) and substantially restructured 
subsec. (b). Subsec. (a) had provided for the Secretary of State to 
assign responsibility to an Under Secretary for international 
communications and information policy matters. Subsec. (b) had provided 
for the establishment of the State Department Office of Coordinator for 
International Communications and Information Policy, and for the 
appointment of a Coordinator with rank of ambassador.
    The Secretary of State delegated functions authorized under this 
section to the Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs 
(Department of State Public Notice 2086; sec. 9 of Delegation of 
Authority No. 214; 59 F.R. 50790).
    Sec. 35 originally was added by sec. 124 of the Department of State 
Administration Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 
Stat. 1025).
    Sec. 162(k)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), provided:
    ``(2) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) affects the 
nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of 
this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of 
Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the 
Federal Communications Commission, or any officer thereof.''.
    \117\ Sec. 162(k)(1)(B)(i) of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 408), 
struck out the text preceding para. (1) in subsec. (b) and added this 
new sentence. Designation of subsec. (b) was retained; it should 
probably have been stricken.
    Sec. 162(k)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), provided:
    ``(2) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) affects the 
nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of 
this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of 
Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the 
Federal Communications Commission, or any officer thereof.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) \118\ exercise primary authority for the conduct 
        of foreign policy with respect to such 
        telecommunications functions, including the 
        determination of United States positions and the 
        conduct of United States participation in negotiations 
        with foreign governments and international bodies. In 
        exercising this responsibility, the Secretary shall 
        coordinate with other agencies as appropriate, and, in 
        particular, shall give full consideration to the 
        authority vested by law or Executive order in the 
        Federal Communications Commission, the Department of 
        Commerce and the Office of the United States Trade 
        Representative in this area;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \118\ Sec. 162(k)(1)(B)(ii)-(v) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 408), struck out former para. (2); redesignated para. (1) as 
para. (2); and inserted a new para. (1). Former para. (2) had read as 
follows:
    ``(2) in accordance with such authority as may be delegated by the 
President pursuant to Executive order, chair such agency and 
interagency meetings as may be necessary to coordinate actions on 
pending issues to ensure proper policy coordination;''.
    Sec. 162(k)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), provided:
    ``(2) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) affects the 
nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of 
this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of 
Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the 
Federal Communications Commission, or any officer thereof.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \118\ maintain continuing liaison \119\ with 
        other executive branch agencies concerned with 
        international communications and information policy and 
        with the Federal Communications Commission, as 
        appropriate; \119\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \119\ Sec. 162(k)(1)(B)(v) of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 408), 
struck out ``with the bureaus and offices of the Department of State 
and'' following ``liaison'', and inserted before the semicolon, ``and 
with the Federal Communications Commission, as appropriate''.
    Sec. 162(k)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), provided:
    ``(2) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) affects the 
nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of 
this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of 
Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the 
Federal Communications Commission, or any officer thereof.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3) in accordance with such authority as may be 
        delegated by the President pursuant to Executive order, 
        supervise and coordinate the activities of any senior 
        interagency policymaking group on international 
        telecommunications and information policy and chair 
        such interagency meetings as may be necessary to 
        coordinate actions on pending issues;; \120\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \120\ Sec. 162(k)(1)(B)(vi) of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 408), 
struck out ``the Senior Interagency Group on International 
Communications and Information Policy'' and inserted in lieu thereof 
``any senior interagency policymaking group on international 
telecommunications and information policy and chair such interagency 
meetings as may be necessary to coordinate actions on pending 
issues;''. The amendment resulted in a double semicolon.
    Sec. 162(k)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), provided:
    ``(2) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) affects the 
nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of 
this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of 
Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the 
Federal Communications Commission, or any officer thereof.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) coordinate the activities of, and assist as 
        appropriate, interagency working level task forces and 
        committees concerned with specific aspects of 
        international communications and information policy;
          (5) maintain liaison with the members and staffs of 
        committees of the Congress concerned with international 
        communications and information policy and provide 
        testimony before such committees;
          (6) maintain appropriate liaison with representatives 
        of the private sector to keep informed of their 
        interests and problems, meet with them, and provide 
        such assistance as may be needed to ensure that matters 
        of concern to the private sector are promptly 
        considered by the Department or other executive branch 
        agencies; and
          (7) assist in arranging meetings of such public 
        sector advisory groups as may be established to advise 
        the Department of State and other executive branch 
        agencies in connection with international 
        communications and information policy issues.

SEC. 36.\121\ DEPARTMENT OF STATE REWARDS PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \121\ 22 U.S.C. 2708. Sec. 102 of Public Law 98-533 (98 Stat. 2708) 
added original sec. 36. Sec. 2202 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of 
division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-805), amended and 
restated sec. 36. Sec. 101 of Public Law 105-323 (112 Stat. 3029) also 
amended and restated sec. 36, enacting text identical to that enacted 
in sec. 2202 of Public Law 105-277 with the exception of sec. 36(e)(1). 
That para., enacted by Public Law 105-323, raised the maximum amount of 
any reward to be paid under this section not to exceed $5,000,000 from 
the level of $2,000,000 enacted in Public Law 105-277.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--There is established a program for 
        the payment of rewards to carry out the purposes of 
        this section.
          (2) Purpose.--The rewards program shall be designed 
        to assist in the prevention of acts of international 
        terrorism, international narcotics trafficking, and 
        other related criminal acts.
          (3) Implementation.--The rewards program shall be 
        administered by the Secretary of State, in 
        consultation, as appropriate, with the Attorney 
        General.
    (b) Rewards Authorized.--In the sole discretion of the 
Secretary (except as provided in subsection (c)(2)) and in 
consultation, as appropriate, with the Attorney General, the 
Secretary may pay a reward to any individual who furnishes 
information leading to--
          (1) the arrest or conviction in any country of any 
        individual for the commission of an act of 
        international terrorism against a United States person 
        or United States property;
          (2) the arrest or conviction in any country of any 
        individual conspiring or attempting to commit an act of 
        international terrorism against a United States person 
        or United States property;
          (3) the arrest or conviction in any country of any 
        individual for committing, primarily outside the 
        territorial jurisdiction of the United States, any 
        narcotics-related offense if that offense involves or 
        is a significant part of conduct that involves--
                  (A) a violation of United States narcotics 
                laws such that the individual would be a major 
                violator of such laws;
                  (B) the killing or kidnapping of--
                          (i) any officer, employee, or 
                        contract employee of the United States 
                        Government while such individual is 
                        engaged in official duties, or on 
                        account of that individual's official 
                        duties, in connection with the 
                        enforcement of United States narcotics 
                        laws or the implementing of United 
                        States narcotics control objectives; or
                          (ii) a member of the immediate family 
                        of any such individual on account of 
                        that individual's official duties, in 
                        connection with the enforcement of 
                        United States narcotics laws or the 
                        implementing of United States narcotics 
                        control objectives; or
                  (C) an attempt or conspiracy to commit any 
                act described in subparagraph (A) or (B);
          (4) the arrest or conviction in any country of any 
        individual aiding or abetting in the commission of an 
        act described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3); \122\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \122\ Sec. 502(1)(A) of the USA PATRIOT ACT (Public Law 107-56; 115 
Stat. 364) struck out ``or'' at the end of para. (4).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (5) the prevention, frustration, or favorable 
        resolution of an act described in paragraph (1), (2), 
        or (3), including by dismantling an organization in 
        whole or significant part; \123\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \123\ Sec. 502(1)(B) of the USA PATRIOT ACT (Public Law 107-56; 115 
Stat. 364) struck out a period at the end of para. (5), and inserted in 
lieu thereof ``, including by dismantling an organization in whole or 
significant part; or''.
    Sec. 405(a) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2902), struck out ``or'' at the end of para. (5), replaced a 
period at the end of para. (6) with ``; or'', and added para (7).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (6) \124\ the identification or location of an 
        individual who holds a key leadership position in a 
        terrorist organization; or \123\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \124\ Sec. 502(1)(C) of the USA PATRIOT ACT (Public Law 107-56; 115 
Stat. 364) added para. (6).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (7) \123\ the disruption of financial mechanisms of a 
        foreign terrorist organization, including the use by 
        the organization of illicit narcotics production or 
        international narcotics trafficking--
                  (A) to finance acts of international 
                terrorism; or
                  (B) to sustain or support any terrorist 
                organization.
    (c) Coordination.--
          (1) Procedures.--To ensure that the payment of 
        rewards pursuant to this section does not duplicate or 
        interfere with the payment of informants or the 
        obtaining of evidence or information, as authorized to 
        the Department of Justice, the offering, 
        administration, and payment of rewards under this 
        section, including procedures for--
                  (A) identifying individuals, organizations, 
                and offenses with respect to which rewards will 
                be offered;
                  (B) the publication of rewards;
                  (C) the offering of joint rewards with 
                foreign governments;
                  (D) the receipt and analysis of data; and
                  (E) the payment and approval of payment, 
                shall be governed by procedures developed by 
                the Secretary of State, in consultation with 
                the Attorney General.
          (2) Prior approval of attorney general required.--
        Before making a reward under this section in a matter 
        over which there is Federal criminal jurisdiction, the 
        Secretary of State shall obtain the concurrence of the 
        Attorney General.
    (d) Funding.--
          (1) Authorization of appropriations.--Notwithstanding 
        section 102 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
        Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 
        408), but subject to paragraph (2), there are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
        State from time to time such amounts as may be 
        necessary to carry out this section.
          (2) \125\ Period of availability.--Amounts 
        appropriated under paragraph (1) shall remain available 
        until expended.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \125\ Sec. 502(2) of the USA PATRIOT ACT (Public Law 107-56; 115 
Stat. 364) struck out former paras. (2) and (3) and redesignated para. 
(4) as para. (2). Former paras. (2) and 3) read as follows:
    ``(2) Limitation.--No amount of funds may be appropriated under 
paragraph (1) which, when added to the unobligated balance of amounts 
previously appropriated to carry out this section, would cause such 
amounts to exceed $15,000,000.
    ``(3) Allocation of funds.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
funds made available to carry out this section should be distributed 
equally for the purpose of preventing acts of international terrorism 
and for the purpose of preventing international narcotics 
trafficking.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (e) Limitations and Certification.--
          (1) Maximum amount.--No reward paid under this 
        section may exceed $25,000,000,\126\ except as 
        personally authorized by the Secretary of State if he 
        determines that offer or payment of an award of a 
        larger amount is necessary to combat terrorism or 
        defend the Nation against terrorist acts.\127\ Without 
        first making such determination, the Secretary may 
        authorize a reward of up to twice the amount specified 
        in this paragraph for the capture or information 
        leading to the capture of a leader of a foreign 
        terrorist organization.\128\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \126\ Sec. 405(b)(1) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2903), struck out ``$5,000,000'' and inserted in lieu thereof 
``$25,000,000''.
    \127\ Sec. 502(3) of the USA PATRIOT ACT (Public Law 107-56; 115 
Stat. 364) inserted ``, except as personally authorized by the 
Secretary of State if he determines that offer or payment of an award 
of a larger amount is necessary to combat terrorism or defend the 
Nation against terrorist acts.'' (resulting in a double period).
    Sec. 405(b)(2) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2903), struck out the second period.
    \128\ 405(b)(3) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2903), added this sentence.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) Approval.--A reward under this section of more 
        than $100,000 may not be made without the approval of 
        the Secretary.
          (3) Certification for payment.--Any reward granted 
        under this section shall be approved and certified for 
        payment by the Secretary.
          (4) Nondelegation of authority.--The authority to 
        approve rewards of more than $100,000 set forth in 
        paragraph (2) may not be delegated.
          (5) Protection measures.--If the Secretary determines 
        that the identity of the recipient of a reward or of 
        the members of the recipient's immediate family must be 
        protected, the Secretary may take such measures in 
        connection with the payment of the reward as he 
        considers necessary to effect such protection.
          (6) \129\ Forms of reward payment.--The Secretary may 
        make a reward under this section in the form of money, 
        a nonmonetary item (including such items as automotive 
        vehicles), or a combination thereof.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \129\ Sec. 405(c) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2903), added para. (6).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (f) Ineligibility.--An officer or employee of any entity of 
Federal, State, or local government or of a foreign government 
who, while in the performance of his or her official duties, 
furnishes information described in subsection (b) shall not be 
eligible for a reward under this section.
    (g) Reports.--
          (1) Reports on payment of rewards.--Not later than 30 
        days after the payment of any reward under this 
        section, the Secretary shall submit a report to the 
        appropriate congressional committees with respect to 
        such reward. The report, which may be submitted in 
        classified form if necessary, shall specify the amount 
        of the reward paid, to whom the reward was paid, and 
        the acts with respect to which the reward was paid. The 
        report shall also discuss the significance of the 
        information for which the reward was paid in dealing 
        with those acts.
          (2) Annual reports.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        end of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit a 
        report to the appropriate congressional committees with 
        respect to the operation of the rewards program. The 
        report shall provide information on the total amounts 
        expended during the fiscal year ending in that year to 
        carry out this section, including amounts expended to 
        publicize the availability of rewards.
    (h) Publication Regarding Rewards Offered by Foreign 
Governments.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
section, in the sole discretion of the Secretary, the resources 
of the rewards program shall be available for the publication 
of rewards offered by foreign governments regarding acts of 
international terrorism which do not involve United States 
persons or property or a violation of the narcotics laws of the 
United States.
    (i) \130\ Media Surveys and Advertisements.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \130\ 405(d) of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (title IV of division B of Public Law 108-447; 
118 Stat. 2903), redesignated subsecs. (i) and (j) as subsecs. (j) and 
(k), respectively, and added a new subsec. (i).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Surveys conducted.--For the purpose of more 
        effectively disseminating information about the rewards 
        program, the Secretary may use the resources of the 
        rewards program to conduct media surveys, including 
        analyses of media markets, means of communication, and 
        levels of literacy, in countries determined by the 
        Secretary to be associated with acts of international 
        terrorism.
          (2) Creation and purchase of advertisements.--The 
        Secretary may use the resources of the rewards program 
        to create advertisements to disseminate information 
        about the rewards program. The Secretary may base the 
        content of such advertisements on the findings of the 
        surveys conducted under paragraph (1). The Secretary 
        may purchase radio or television time, newspaper space, 
        or make use of any other means of advertisement, as 
        appropriate.
    (j) \130\ Determinations of the Secretary.--A determination 
made by the Secretary under this section shall be final and 
conclusive and shall not be subject to judicial review.
    (k) \130\ Definitions.--As used in this section:
          (1) Act of international terrorism.--The term ``act 
        of international terrorism'' includes--
                  (A) any act substantially contributing to the 
                acquisition of unsafeguarded special nuclear 
                material (as defined in paragraph (8) of 
                section 830 of the Nuclear Proliferation 
                Prevention Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 3201 note)) 
                or any nuclear explosive device (as defined in 
                paragraph (4) of that section) by an 
                individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state 
                (as defined in paragraph (5) of that section); 
                and
                  (B) any act, as determined by the Secretary, 
                which materially supports the conduct of 
                international terrorism, including the 
                counterfeiting of United States currency or the 
                illegal use of other monetary instruments by an 
                individual, group, or country supporting 
                international terrorism as determined for 
                purposes of section 6(j)(1)(A) of the Export 
                Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
                2405(j)(1)(A)).
          (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
        Committee on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        of the Senate.
          (3) Member of the immediate family.--The term 
        ``member of the immediate family'', with respect to an 
        individual, includes--
                  (A) a spouse, parent, brother, sister, or 
                child of the individual;
                  (B) a person with respect to whom the 
                individual stands in loco parentis; and
                  (C) any person not covered by subparagraph 
                (A) or (B) who is living in the individual's 
                household and is related to the individual by 
                blood or marriage.
          (4) Rewards program.--The term ``rewards program'' 
        means the program established in subsection (a)(1).
          (5) United states narcotics laws.--The term ``United 
        States narcotics laws'' means the laws of the United 
        States for the prevention and control of illicit 
        trafficking in controlled substances (as such term is 
        defined in section 102(6) of the Controlled Substances 
        Act (21 U.S.C. 802(6))).
          (6) United states person.--The term ``United States 
        person'' means--
                  (A) a citizen or national of the United 
                States; and
                  (B) an alien lawfully present in the United 
                States.

SEC. 36A.\131\ AWARD OF THOMAS JEFFERSON STAR FOR FOREIGN SERVICE.

    (a) Authority to Award.--The President, upon the 
recommendation of the Secretary, may award a Thomas Jefferson 
Star for Foreign Service \132\ to any member of the Foreign 
Service or any other civilian employee of the Government of the 
United States who, while employed at, or assigned permanently 
or temporarily to, an official mission overseas or while 
traveling abroad on official business, incurred a wound or 
other injury or an illness (whether or not the wound, other 
injury, or illness resulted in death)--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \131\ 22 U.S.C. 2708a. Sec. 321 of the Admiral James W. Nance and 
Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 
2001 (H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 
106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-436), added sec. 36A.
    Sec. 311(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1377), struck out ``foreign service 
star'' in the section catchline and inserted in lieu thereof ``thomas 
jefferson star for foreign service''.
    \132\ Sec. 311(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1378), struck out 
``Foreign Service star'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``Thomas 
Jefferson Star for Foreign Service'' throughout sec. 36A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) as the person was performing official duties;
          (2) as the person was on the premises of a United 
        States mission abroad; or
          (3) by reason of the person's status as a United 
        States Government employee.
    (b) Selection Criteria.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
procedures for identifying and considering persons eligible for 
award of a Thomas Jefferson Star for Foreign Service \132\ and 
for selecting the persons to be recommended for the award.
    (c) Award in the Event of Death.--If a person selected for 
award of a Thomas Jefferson Star of Foreign Service \132\ dies 
before being presented the award, the award may be made and the 
star presented to the person's family or to the person's 
representative, as designated by the President.
    (d) Form of Award.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
design of the Thomas Jefferson Star of Foreign Service.\132\ 
The award may not include a stipend or any other cash payment.
    (e) Funding.--Any expenses incurred in awarding a person a 
Thomas Jefferson Star of Foreign Service \132\ may be paid out 
of appropriations available at the time of the award for 
personnel of the department or agency of the United States 
Government in which the person was employed when the person 
incurred the wound, injury, or illness upon which the award is 
based.

                             SPECIAL AGENTS

    Sec. 37.\133\ (a) \134\ General Authority.--Under such 
regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe, special 
agents of the Department of State and the Foreign Service may--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \133\ 22 U.S.C. 2709. Sec. 125(a) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 
415) redesignated sec. 37 as sec. 38 and added a new sec. 37.
    Sec. 139(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 397), repealed 
subsec. (d) of this section, which had required ``Transmission of 
Regulations to Congress.--The Secretary of State shall transmit the 
regulations prescribed under this section to the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
not less than 20 days before the date on which such regulations take 
effect.''.
    \134\ Sec. 202(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1362), provided the 
following:
    ``(c) Implementation of Search, Seizure, Service, and Arrest 
Authority.--(1) The authority conferred by paragraphs (2) and (5) of 
section 37(a) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, as 
amended by subsection (a), may not be exercised until the date on which 
the Secretary--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(A) submits the agreement required by subsection (b)(2) of section 37 
of such Act to the appropriate congressional committees; and

  ``(B) publishes in the Federal Register a notice that the agreement has 
been submitted in accordance with the requirements of subparagraph (A).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(2) The authority conferred by paragraphs (2) and (5) of 
subsection (a) of section 37 of the State Department Basic Authorities 
Act of 1956, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment 
of this Act, may continue to be exercised until the date on which the 
notice described in paragraph (1)(B) is published in the Federal 
Register.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) conduct investigations concerning illegal 
        passport or visa issuance or use;
          (2) \135\ obtain and execute search and arrest 
        warrants, as well as obtain and serve subpoenas and 
        summonses issued under the authority of the United 
        States;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \135\ Sec. 202(a)(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1362), amended and 
restated para. (2). It previously read, amended by Public Law 101-246, 
as follows:
    ``(2) For the purpose of conducting such investigation--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(A) obtain and execute search and arrest warrants,

  ``(B) make arrests without warrant for any offense concerning passport or 
visa issuance or use of the special agent has reasonable grounds to believe 
that the person has committed or is committing such offense, and

  ``(C) obtain and serve subpoenas and summonses issued under the authority 
of the United States;''.

          (3) protect and perform protective functions directly 
        related to maintaining the security and safety of--
                  (A) heads of a foreign state, official 
                representatives of a foreign government, and 
                other distinguished visitors to the United 
                States, while in the United States;
                  (B) the Secretary of State, Deputy Secretary 
                of State, and official representatives of the 
                United States Government, in the United States 
                or abroad;
                  (C) members of the immediate family of 
                persons described in subparagraph (A) or (B); 
                \136\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \136\ Sec. 406 of the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-97), as 
amended by Public Law 106-554, struck out ``and'' at the end of 
subpara. (C), and added new subparas. (E) and (F).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (D) foreign missions (as defined in section 
                202(a)(4) of this Act) and international 
                organizations (as defined in section 209(b) of 
                this Act), within the United States;
                  (E) \136\ a departing Secretary of State for 
                a period of up to 180 days after the date of 
                termination of that individual's incumbency as 
                Secretary of State, on the basis of a threat 
                assessment; and
                  (F) \136\ an individual who has been 
                designated by the President or President-elect 
                \137\ to serve as Secretary of State, prior to 
                that individual's appointment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \137\ Sec. 202(a)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1362), inserted ``or 
President-elect'' after ``President''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) if designated by the Secretary and qualified, 
        under regulations approved by the Attorney General, for 
        the use of firearms, carry firearms for the purpose of 
        performing the duties authorized by this section; and
          (5) \138\ make arrests without warrant for any 
        offense against the United States committed in their 
        presence, or for any felony cognizable under the laws 
        of the United States if they have reasonable grounds to 
        believe that the person to be arrested has committed or 
        is committing such felony.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \138\ Sec. 202(a)(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1362), amended and 
restated para. (5), which was previously amended and restated by Sec. 
113(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 
and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 22), to read as follows:
    ``(5) arrest without warrant any person for a violation of section 
111, 112, 351, 970, or 1028, of title 18, United States Code--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(A) in the case of a felony violation, if the special agent has 
reasonable grounds to believe that such person--

  ``(i) has committed or is committing such violation; and

  ``(ii) is in or is fleeing from the immediate area of such violation; and

  ``(B) in the case of a felony or misdemeanor violation, if the violation 
is committed in the presence of the special agent.

    (b) \139\ Agreements With Attorney General and Secretary of 
the Treasury and Firearms Regulations.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \139\ Sec. 202(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1362), redesignated 
para. (2) as para. (3); struck out subsec. heading and para. (1) and 
inserted in lieu thereof the current subsec. heading and paras. (1) and 
(2). Text previously read as follows:
    ``(b) Agreement With Attorney General and Firearms Regulations.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(1) Agreement with attorney general.--The authority conferred by 
paragraphs (1), (2), (4), and (5) of subsection (a) shall be exercised 
subject to an agreement with the Attorney General and shall not be 
construed to affect the investigative authority of any other Federal law 
enforcement agency.''.

          (1) Agreement with attorney general.--The authority 
        conferred by paragraphs (1) and (4) of subsection (a) 
        shall be exercised subject to an agreement between the 
        Secretary and the Attorney General.
          (2) Agreement with attorney general and secretary of 
        the treasury.--The authority conferred by paragraphs 
        (2) and (4) of subsection (a) shall be exercised 
        subject to an agreement among the Secretary, the 
        Attorney General, and the Secretary of the Treasury.
          (3) Firearms regulations.--The Secretary of State 
        shall prescribe regulations, which shall be approved by 
        the Attorney General, with respect to the carrying and 
        use of firearms by special agents under this section.
    (c) Secret Service not Affected.--Nothing in subsection 
(a)(3) shall be construed to preclude or limit in any way the 
authority of the United States Secret Service to provide 
protective services pursuant to section 202 of title 3, United 
States Code, or section 3056 of title 18, United States Code, 
at a level commensurate with protective requirements as 
determined by the United States Secret Service. The Secretary 
of State, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of the 
Treasury shall enter into an interagency agreement with respect 
to their law enforcement functions.

 EXPENSES RELATING TO PARTICIPATION IN ARBITRATIONS OF CERTAIN DISPUTES

    Sec. 38.\140\ (a) International Agreements.--The Secretary 
of State may use funds available to the Secretary for the 
expenses of United States participation in arbitrations and 
other proceedings for the peaceful resolution of disputes under 
treaties or other international agreements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \140\ 22 U.S.C. 2710. Sec. 128 of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 419) 
added sec. 38, comprised of subsecs. (a) and (b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Contracts Abroad.--The Secretary of State may use funds 
available to the Secretary for the expenses of United States 
participation in arbitrations arising under contracts 
authorized by law for the performance of services or 
acquisition of property, real or personal, abroad.
    (c) \141\ Procurement of Services.--The Secretary of State 
may use competitive procedures or procedures other than 
competitive procedures to procure the services of experts for 
use in preparing or prosecuting a proceeding before an 
international tribunal or a claim by or against a foreign 
government or other foreign entity, whether or not the expert 
is expected to testify, or to procure personal and \142\ other 
support services for such proceedings or claims. The Secretary 
need not provide any written justification for the use of 
procedures other than competitive procedures when procuring 
such services under this subsection and need not furnish for 
publication in the Commerce Business Daily or otherwise any 
notice of solicitation or synopsis with respect to such 
procurement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \141\ Sec. 123 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 392), added subsecs. 
(c) and (d).
    \142\ Sec. 2212(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-812), inserted ``personal and'' before ``other 
support services''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (d) \141\ International Litigation Fund.--
          (1) Establishment.--In order to provide the 
        Department of State with a dependable, flexible, and 
        adequate source of funding for the expenses of the 
        Department related to preparing or prosecuting a 
        proceeding before an international tribunal, or a claim 
        by or against a foreign government or other foreign 
        entity, there is established an International 
        Litigation Fund (hereafter in this subsection referred 
        to as the ``ILF''). The ILF may be available without 
        fiscal year limitation. Funds otherwise available to 
        the Department for the purposes of this paragraph may 
        be credited to the ILF.
          (2) Reprogramming procedures.--Funds credited to the 
        ILF shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under 
        section 34 and shall not be available for obligation or 
        expenditure except in compliance with the procedures 
        applicable to such reprogrammings. This paragraph shall 
        not apply to the transfer of funds under paragraph (3).
          (3) Transfers of funds.--Funds received by the 
        Department of State from another agency of the United 
        States Government or pursuant to the Department of 
        State Appropriations Act of 1937 (49 Stat. 1321, 22 
        U.S.C. 2661) to meet costs of preparing or prosecuting 
        a proceeding before an international tribunal, or a 
        claim by or against a foreign government or other 
        foreign entity, shall be credited to the ILF.
          (4) Use of funds.--Funds deposited in the ILF shall 
        be available only for the purposes of paragraph (1).
    (e) \143\ Retention of Funds.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \143\ Sec. 203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1362), added subsec. (e).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--To reimburse the expenses of the 
        United States Government in preparing or prosecuting a 
        proceeding before an international tribunal, or a claim 
        against a foreign government or other foreign entity, 
        the Secretary may retain 1.5 percent of any amount 
        between $100,000 and $5,000,000, and one percent of any 
        amount over $5,000,000, received per claim under 
        chapter 34 of the Act of February 27, 1896 (22 U.S.C. 
        2668a; 29 Stat. 32).
          (2) Treatment.--Amounts retained under the authority 
        of paragraph (1) shall be deposited into the fund under 
        subsection (d).

                    COUNTERTERRORISM PROTECTION FUND

    Sec. 39.\144\ (a) Authority.--The Secretary of State may 
reimburse domestic and foreign persons, agencies, or 
governments for the protection of judges or other persons who 
provide assistance or information relating to terrorist 
incidents primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the 
United States. Before making a payment under this section in a 
matter over which there is Federal criminal jurisdiction, the 
Secretary shall advise and consult with the Attorney General.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \144\ 22 U.S.C. 2711. Sec. 504(2) of Public Law 99-399 (100 Stat. 
871) added sec. 39.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary of State for 
``Administration of Foreign Affairs'' $1,000,000 for fiscal 
year 1986 and $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1987 for use in 
reimbursing persons, agencies, or governments under this 
section.
    (c) Designation of Fund.--Amounts made available under this 
section may be referred to as the ``Counterterrorism Protection 
Fund''.

        AUTHORITY TO CONTROL CERTAIN TERRORISM-RELATED SERVICES

    Sec. 40.\145\ (a) Authority.--The Secretary of State may, 
by regulation, impose controls on the provisions of the 
services described in subsection (b) if the Secretary 
determines that provision of such services would aid and abet 
international terrorism.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \145\ 22 U.S.C. 2712. Sec. 506(2) of Public Law 99-399 (100 Stat. 
872) added sec. 40.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Services Subject to Control.--The services subject to 
control under subsection (a) are the following:
          (1) Serving in or with the security forces of a 
        designated foreign government.
          (2) Providing training or other technical services 
        having a direct military, law enforcement, or 
        intelligence application, to or for the security forces 
        of a designated foreign government.
Any regulations issued to impose controls on services described 
in paragraph (2) shall list the specific types of training and 
other services subject to the controls.
    (c) Persons Subject of Controls.--These services may be 
controlled under subsection (a) when they are provided within 
the United States by any individual or entity and when they are 
provided anywhere in the world by a United States person.
    (d) Licenses.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary of State may require licenses, which may be revoked, 
suspended, or amended, without prior notice, whenever such 
action is deemed to be advisable.
    (e) Definitions.--
          (1) Designated foreign government.--As used in this 
        section, the term ``designated foreign government' 
        means a foreign government that the Secretary of State 
        has determined, for purposes of section 6(j)(1) of the 
        Export Administration Act of 1979, has repeatedly 
        provided support for acts of international terrorism.
          (2) Security forces.--As used in this section, the 
        term ``security forces'' means any military or 
        paramilitary forces, any police or other law 
        enforcement agency (including any police or other law 
        enforcement agency at the regional or local level), and 
        any intelligence agency of a foreign government.
          (3) United states.--As used in this section, the term 
        ``United States'' includes any State, the District of 
        Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any 
        territory or possession of the United States.
          (4) United states person.--As used in this section, 
        the term ``United States person'' means any United 
        States national, any permanent resident alien, and any 
        sole proprietorship, partnership, company, association, 
        or corporation organized under the laws of or having 
        its principal place of business within the United 
        States.
    (f) Violations.--
          (1) Penalties.--Whoever willfully violates any 
        regulation issued under this section shall be fined not 
        more than $100,000 or five times the total compensation 
        received for the conduct which constitutes the 
        violation, whichever is greater, or imprisoned for not 
        more than ten years, or both, for each such offense.
          (2) Investigations.--The Attorney General and the 
        Secretary of the Treasury shall have authority to 
        investigate violations of regulations issued under this 
        section.
    (g) Congressional Oversight.--
          (1) Review of regulations.--Not less than 30 days 
        before issuing any regulations under this section 
        (including any amendment thereto), the Secretary of 
        State shall transmit the proposed regulations to the 
        Congress.
          (2) Reports.--Not less than once every six months, 
        the Secretary of State shall report to the Congress 
        concerning the number and character of licenses granted 
        and denied during the previous reporting period, and 
        such other information as the Secretary may find to be 
        relevant to the accomplishment of the objectives of 
        this section.
  (h) Relationship to Other Laws.--The authority granted by 
this section is in addition to the authorities granted by any 
other provision of law.

 PROTECTION OF HISTORIC AND ARTISTIC FURNISHINGS OF RECEPTION AREAS OF 
                    THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE BUILDING

    Sec. 41.\146\ (a) In General.--The Secretary of State shall 
administer the historic and artistic articles of furniture, 
fixtures, and decorative objects of the reception areas of the 
Department of State by such means and measures as conform to 
the purposes of the reception areas, which include conserving 
those articles, fixtures, and objects and providing for their 
enjoyment in such manner and by such means as will leave them 
for the use of the American people. Nothing shall be done under 
this subsection which conflicts with the administration of the 
Department of State or with the use of the reception areas for 
official purposes of the United States Government.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \146\ 22 U.S.C. 2713. Sec. 126(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1341), added sec. 41.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Disposition of Historic and Artistic Items.--
          (1) Items covered.--Articles of furniture, fixtures, 
        and decorative objects of the reception areas (and 
        similar articles, fixtures, and objects acquired by the 
        Secretary of State), when declared by the Secretary of 
        State to be of historic or artistic interest, shall 
        thereafter be considered to be the property of the 
        Secretary in his or her official capacity and shall be 
        subject to disposition solely in accordance with this 
        subsection.
          (2) Sale or trade.--Whenever the Secretary of State 
        determines that--
                  (A) any item covered by paragraph (1) is no 
                longer needed for use or display in the 
                reception areas, or
                  (B) in order to upgrade the reception areas, 
                a better use of that article would be its sale 
                or exchange,
        the Secretary may, with the advice and concurrence of 
        the Director of the National Gallery of Art, sell the 
        item at fair market value or trade it, without regard 
        to the requirements of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949. The proceeds of 
        any such sale may be credited to the unconditional gift 
        account of the Department of State, and items obtained 
        in trade shall be the property of the Secretary of 
        State under this subsection.
          (3) Smithsonian institution.--The Secretary of State 
        may also lend items covered by paragraph (1), when not 
        needed for use or display in the reception areas, to 
        the Smithsonian Institution or a similar institution 
        for care, repair, study, storage, or exhibition.
  (c) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``reception areas'' means the areas of the Department of State 
Building, located at 2201 C Street, Northwest, Washington, 
District of Columbia, known as the Diplomatic Reception Rooms 
(eighth floor), the Secretary of State's offices (seventh 
floor), the Deputy Secretary of State's offices (seventh 
floor), and the seventh floor reception area.

       DENIAL OF PASSPORTS TO CERTAIN CONVICTED DRUG TRAFFICKERS

    Sec. 42.\147\ (a) Ineligibility for Passport.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \147\ 22 U.S.C. 2714. Sec. 4603 of the International Narcotics 
Control Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-690; 102 Stat. 4287) added sec. 42.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--A passport may not be issued to an 
        individual who is convicted of an offense described in 
        subsection (b) during the period described in 
        subsection (c) if the individual used a passport or 
        otherwise crossed an international border in committing 
        the offense.
          (2) Passport revocation.--The Secretary of State 
        shall revoke a passport previously issued to an 
        individual who is ineligible to receive a passport 
        under paragraph (1).
  (b) Drug Law Offenses.--
          (1) Felonies.--Subsection (a) applies with respect to 
        any individual convicted of a Federal drug offense, or 
        a State drug offense, if the offense is a felony.
          (2) Certain misdemeanors.--Subsection (a) also 
        applies with respect to an individual convicted of a 
        Federal drug offense, or a State drug offense, if the 
        offense is misdemeanor, but only if the Secretary of 
        State determines that subsection (a) should apply with 
        respect to that individual on account of that offense. 
        This paragraph does not apply to an individual's first 
        conviction for a misdemeanor which involves only 
        possession of a controlled substance.
  (c) Period of Ineligibility.--Subsection (a) applies during 
the period that the individual--
          (1) is imprisoned, or is legally required to be 
        imprisoned, as the result of the conviction for the 
        offense described in subsection (b); or
          (2) is on parole or other supervised release after 
        having been imprisoned as the result of that 
        conviction.
  (d) Emergency and Humanitarian Exceptions.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (a), the Secretary of State may issue a passport, in 
emergency circumstances or for humanitarian reasons, to an 
individual with respect to whom that subsection applies.
  (e) Definitions.--As used in this section--
          (1) the term ``controlled substance'' has the same 
        meaning as is provided in section 102 of the Controlled 
        Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802);
          (2) the term ``Federal drug offense'' means a 
        violation of--
                  (A) the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 
                801 et seq.) or the Controlled Substances 
                Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 951 et seq.);
                  (B) any other Federal law involving 
                controlled substances; or
                  (C) subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, 
                United States Code (commonly referred to as the 
                ``Bank Secrecy Act''), or section 1956 or 
                section 1957 of title 18, United States Code 
                (commonly referred to as the ``Money Laundering 
                Act''), if the Secretary of State determines 
                that the violation is related to illicit 
                production of or trafficking in a controlled 
                substance;
          (3) the term ``felony'' means a criminal offense 
        punishable by death or imprisonment for more than one 
        year;
          (4) the term ``imprisoned'' means an individual is 
        confined in or otherwise restricted to a jail-type 
        institution, a half-way house, a treatment facility, or 
        another institution, on a full or part-time basis, 
        pursuant to the sentence imposed as the result of a 
        conviction;
          (5) the term ``misdemeanor'' means a criminal offense 
        other than a felony;
          (6) the term ``State drug offense'' means a violation 
        of State law involving the manufacture, distribution, 
        or possession of a controlled substance; and
          (7) the term ``State law'' means the law of a State 
        of the United States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, or a territory or possession 
        of the United States.

  PROCEDURES REGARDING MAJOR DISASTERS AND INCIDENTS ABROAD AFFECTING 
                         UNITED STATES CITIZENS

    Sec. 43.\148\ (a) \149\ Authority.--In the case of a major 
disaster or incident abroad which affects the health and safety 
of citizens of the United States residing or traveling abroad, 
the Secretary of State shall provide prompt and thorough 
notification of all appropriate information concerning such 
disaster or incident and its effect on United States citizens 
to the next-of-kin of such individuals. Notification shall be 
provided through the most expeditious means available, 
including telephone communications, and shall include timely 
written notice. The Secretary, through the appropriate offices 
of the Department of State, shall act as a clearinghouse for 
up-to-date information for the next-of-kin and shall provide 
other services and assistance. Assistance shall include liaison 
with foreign governments and persons and with United State air 
carriers concerning arrangements for the preparation and 
transport to the United States of the remains of citizens who 
die abroad, as well as disposition of personal estates pursuant 
to section 43B of this Act.\150\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \148\ 22 U.S.C. 2715. Sec. 115(c) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 
Stat. 23), redesignated the previous sec. 43 as sec. 44, and added a 
new sec. 43. Sec. 115(d) also provided the following:
    ``(d) Development of Standardized Procedures.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(1) The Secretary of State shall enter into discussions with 
international air carriers and other appropriate entities to develop 
standardized procedures which will assist the Secretary in implementing the 
provisions of section 43 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956, as amended by subsection (a).

  ``(2) The Secretary of State shall consider the feasibility of 
establishing a toll-free telephone number to facilitate inquiries by the 
next-of-kin in cases of major disasters or incidents abroad which affect 
the health and safety of citizens of the United States residing or 
traveling abroad.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(e) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall prepare and 
submit a report to the Congress which sets forth plans for the 
implementation of the amendment made by subsection (c) and the 
provisions of subsection (d)(1), together with the Secretary's comments 
concerning the proposal under subsection (d)(2).''.
    \149\ Sec. 235(1) of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (H.R. 
3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 
113 Stat. 1501A-429), inserted ``(a) Authority.--'' before ``In''.
    \150\ Sec. 235(2) of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (H.R. 
3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 
113 Stat. 1501A-429), struck out ``disposition of personal effects'' 
and inserted in lieu thereof ``disposition of personal estates pursuant 
to section 43B of this Act''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) \151\ Definitions.--For purposes of this section and 
sections 43A and 43B, the term ``consular officer'' includes 
any United States citizen employee of the Department of State 
who is designated by the Secretary of State to perform consular 
services pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary may 
prescribe.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \151\ Sec. 235(3) of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (H.R. 
3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 
113 Stat. 1501A-429), added subsec. (b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 43A.\152\ NOTIFICATION OF NEXT OF KIN; REPORTS OF DEATH.

    (a) In General.--Whenever a United States citizen or 
national dies abroad, a consular officer shall endeavor to 
notify, or assist the Secretary of State in notifying, the next 
of kin or legal guardian as soon as possible, except that, in 
the case of death of any Peace Corps volunteer (within the 
meaning of section 5(a) of the Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 
2504(a)), any member of the Armed Forces, any dependent of such 
a volunteer or member, or any Department of Defense employee, 
the consular officer shall assist the Peace Corps or the 
appropriate military authorities, as the case may be, in making 
such notifications.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \152\ 22 U.S.C. 2715b. Sec. 234(b) of the Admiral James W. Nance 
and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 
and 2001 (H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public 
Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-426), added secs. 43A and 43B, effective 
six months after date of enactment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Reports of Death or Presumptive Death.--The consular 
officer may, for any United States citizen who dies abroad--
          (1) in the case of a finding of death by the 
        appropriate local authorities, issue a report of death 
        or of presumptive death; or
          (2) in the absence of a finding of death by the 
        appropriate local authorities, issue a report of 
        presumptive death.
    (c) Implementing Regulations.--The Secretary of State shall 
prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out 
this section.

SEC. 43B.\153\ CONSERVATION AND DISPOSITION OF ESTATES.

    (a) Conservation of Estates Abroad.--
          (1) Authority to act as conservator.--Whenever a 
        United States citizen or national dies abroad, a 
        consular officer shall act as the provisional 
        conservator of the portion of the decedent's estate 
        located abroad and, subject to paragraphs (3), (4), and 
        (5), shall--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \153\ 22 U.S.C. 2715c. Added by sec. 234(b) of the Admiral James W. 
Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
2000 and 2001 (H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of 
Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-426).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) take possession of the personal effects 
                of the decedent within his jurisdiction;
                  (B) inventory and appraise the personal 
                effects of the decedent, sign the inventory, 
                and annex thereto a certificate as to the 
                accuracy of the inventory and appraised value 
                of each article;
                  (C) when appropriate in the exercise of 
                prudent administration, collect the debts due 
                to the decedent in the officer's jurisdiction 
                and pay from the estate the obligations owed by 
                the decedent;
                  (D) sell or dispose of, as appropriate, in 
                the exercise of prudent administration, all 
                perishable items of property;
                  (E) sell, after reasonable public notice and 
                notice to such next of kin as can be 
                ascertained with reasonable diligence, such 
                additional items of property as necessary to 
                provide funds sufficient to pay the decedent's 
                debts and property taxes in the country of 
                death, funeral expenses, and other expenses 
                incident to the disposition of the estate;
                  (F) upon the expiration of the one-year 
                period beginning on the date of death (or after 
                such additional period as may be required for 
                final settlement of the estate), if no claimant 
                shall have appeared, after reasonable public 
                notice and notice to such next of kin as can be 
                ascertained with reasonable diligence, sell or 
                dispose of the residue of the personal estate, 
                except as provided in subparagraph (G), in the 
                same manner as United States Government-owned 
                foreign excess property;
                  (G) transmit to the custody of the Secretary 
                of State in Washington, D.C. the proceeds of 
                any sales, together with all financial 
                instruments (including bonds, shares of stock, 
                and notes of indebtedness), jewelry, heirlooms, 
                and other articles of obvious sentimental 
                value, to be held in trust for the legal 
                claimant; and
                  (H) in the event that the decedent's estate 
                includes an interest in real property located 
                within the jurisdiction of the officer and such 
                interest does not devolve by the applicable 
                laws of intestate succession or otherwise, 
                provide for title to the property to be 
                conveyed to the Government of the United States 
                unless the Secretary declines to accept such 
                conveyance.
          (2) Authority to act as administrator.--Subject to 
        paragraphs (3) and (4), a consular officer may act as 
        administrator of an estate in exceptional circumstances 
        if expressly authorized to do so by the Secretary of 
        State.
          (3) Exceptions.--The responsibilities described in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) may not be performed to the 
        extent that the decedent has left or there is otherwise 
        appointed, in the country where the death occurred or 
        where the decedent was domiciled, a legal 
        representative, partner in trade, or trustee appointed 
        to take care of his personal estate. If the decedent's 
        legal representative shall appear at any time prior to 
        transmission of the estate to the Secretary and demand 
        the proceeds and effects being held by the consular 
        officer, the officer shall deliver them to the 
        representative after having collected any prescribed 
        fee for the services performed under this section.
          (4) Additional requirement.--In addition to being 
        subject to the limitations in paragraph (3), the 
        responsibilities described in paragraphs (1) and (2) 
        may not be performed unless--
                  (A) authorized by treaty provisions or 
                permitted by the laws or authorities of the 
                country wherein the death occurs, or the 
                decedent is domiciled; or
                  (B) permitted by established usage in that 
                country.
          (5) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this section 
        supersedes or otherwise affects the authority of any 
        military commander under title 10 of the United States 
        Code with respect to the person or property of any 
        decedent who died while under a military command or 
        jurisdiction or the authority of the Peace Corps with 
        respect to a Peace Corps volunteer or the volunteer's 
        property.
    (b) Disposition of Estates by the Secretary of State.--
          (1) Personal estates.--
                  (A) In general.--After receipt of a personal 
                estate pursuant to subsection (a), the 
                Secretary may seek payment of all outstanding 
                debts to the estate as they become due, may 
                receive any balances due on such estate, may 
                endorse all checks, bills of exchange, 
                promissory notes, and other instruments of 
                indebtedness payable to the estate for the 
                benefit thereof, and may take such other action 
                as is reasonably necessary for the conservation 
                of the estate.
                  (B) Disposition as surplus united states 
                property.--If, upon the expiration of a period 
                of 5 fiscal years beginning on October 1 after 
                a consular officer takes possession of a 
                personal estate under subsection (a), no legal 
                claimant for such estate has appeared, title to 
                the estate shall be conveyed to the United 
                States, the property in the estate shall be 
                under the custody of the Department of State, 
                and the Secretary shall dispose of the estate 
                in the same manner as surplus United States 
                Government-owned property is disposed or by 
                such means as may be appropriate in light of 
                the nature and value of the property involved. 
                The expenses of sales shall be paid from the 
                estate, and any lawful claim received 
                thereafter shall be payable to the extent of 
                the value of the net proceeds of the estate as 
                a refund from the appropriate Treasury 
                appropriations account.
                  (C) Transfer of proceeds.--The net cash 
                estate after disposition as provided in 
                subparagraph (B) shall be transferred to the 
                miscellaneous receipts account of the Treasury 
                of the United States.
          (2) Real property.--
                  (A) Designation as excess property.--In the 
                event that title to real property is conveyed 
                to the Government of the United States pursuant 
                to subsection (a)(1)(H) and is not required by 
                the Department of State, such property shall be 
                considered foreign excess property under title 
                IV of the Federal Property and Administrative 
                Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 511 et seq.).
                  (B) Treatment as gift.--In the event that the 
                Department requires such property, the 
                Secretary of State shall treat such property as 
                if it were an unconditional gift accepted on 
                behalf of the Department of State under section 
                25 of this Act and section 9(a)(3) of the 
                Foreign Service Buildings Act of 1926.
    (c) Losses in Connection with the Conservation of 
Estates.--
          (1) Authority to compensate.--The Secretary is 
        authorized to compensate the estate of any United 
        States citizen who has died overseas for property--
                  (A) the conservation of which has been 
                undertaken under section 43 or subsection (a) 
                of this section; and
                  (B) that has been lost, stolen, or destroyed 
                while in the custody of officers or employees 
                of the Department of State.
          (2) Liability.--
                  (A) Exclusion of personal liability after 
                provision of compensation.--Any such 
                compensation shall be in lieu of personal 
                liability of officers or employees of the 
                Department of State.
                  (B) Liability to the department.--An officer 
                or employee of the Department of State may be 
                liable to the Department of State to the extent 
                of any compensation provided under paragraph 
                (1).
                  (C) Determinations of liability.--The 
                liability of any officer or employee of the 
                Department of State to the Department for any 
                payment made under subsection (a) shall be 
                determined pursuant to the Department's 
                procedures for determining accountability for 
                United States Government property.
    (d) Regulations.--The Secretary of State may prescribe such 
regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section.

                            DEBT COLLECTION

    Sec. 44.\154\ (a) Contract Authority.--(1) Subject to the 
availability of appropriations, the Secretary of State shall 
enter into contracts for collection services to recover 
indebtedness owed by a person, other than a foreign country, to 
the United States which arises out of activities of the 
Department of State and is delinquent by more than 90 days.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \154\ 22 U.S.C. 2716. Sec. 117 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 
Stat. 25), redesignated sec. 44 as sec. 45 and added a new sec. 44.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (2) Each contract entered into under this section shall 
provide that the person with whom the Secretary enters into 
such contract shall submit to the Secretary at least once each 
180 days a status report on the success of the person in 
collecting debts. Section 3718 of title 31, United States Code, 
shall apply to any such contract to the extent that such 
section is not inconsistent with this subsection.
    (b) Disclosure of Delinquent Debt to Credit Reporting 
Agencies.--The Secretary of State shall, to the extent 
otherwise allowed by law, disclose to those credit reporting 
agencies to which the Secretary reports loan activity 
information concerning any debt of more than $100 owed by a 
person, other than a foreign country, to the United States 
which arises out of activities of the Department of State and 
is delinquent by more than 31 days.

             DEFENSE TRADE CONTROLS REGISTRATION FEES \155\

    Sec. 45.\155\ For each fiscal year, 100 percent \156\ of 
the registration fees collected by the Office of Defense Trade 
Controls \157\ of the Department of State shall be credited to 
a Department of State account, to be available without fiscal 
year limitation. Fees credited to that account shall be 
available only for payment of expenses incurred for--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \155\ 22 U.S.C. 2717. Sec. 118 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 
Stat. 25), redesignated sec. 45 as sec. 46, and added a new sec. 45.
    Sec. 126(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 659), struck out 
``Munitions Control Registration Fees'' and inserted in lieu thereof 
``Defense Trade Controls Registration Fees'' for the section heading 
and for subsec. (a) heading. Sec. 1513(b)(1)(B) and (b)(2) of Strom 
Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 
(Public Law 105-261; 112 Stat. 2174) subsequently struck out ``(a) 
Defense Trade Controls Registration Fees.--'' and struck out subsec. 
(b), which had stated terms of Budget Act compliance.
    \156\ Sec. 1513(b)(1)(A) of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 112 Stat. 
2174) struck out ``$700,000'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``100 
percent''. Previously, sec. 126(2) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 659), struck out ``$500,000'' and inserted in lieu thereof 
``$700,000''.
    \157\ Sec. 126(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 659), further 
amended this section: by striking out ``Munitions Control'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``Defense Trade Controls'' throughout subsec. 
(a); and by striking ``munitions control'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``defense trade controls'' in each place it appeared in subsec. 
(a).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) contract personnel to assist in the evaluation of 
        defense trade controls \157\ license applications, 
        reduction in processing time for license applications, 
        and improved monitoring of compliance with the terms of 
        licenses; \158\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \158\ Sec. 2203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 105-277; 
112 Stat. 2681-808), amended sec. 45(a), understood here to apply to 
sec. 45, as follows: struck out ``and'' at the end of para. (1); 
replaced a period at the end of para. (2) with ``; and''; and added a 
new para. (3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) the automation of defense trade control \157\ 
        functions and the processing of defense trade control 
        \157\ license applications, including the development, 
        procurement, and utilization of computer equipment and 
        related software; and \158\
          (3) \158\ the enhancement of defense trade export 
        compliance and enforcement activities, including 
        compliance audits of United States and foreign parties, 
        the conduct of administrative proceedings, monitoring 
        of end-uses in cases of direct commercial arms sales or 
        other transfers, and cooperation in proceedings for 
        enforcement of criminal laws related to defense trade 
        export controls.

                  FEES RECEIVED FOR USE OF BLAIR HOUSE

    Sec. 46.\159\ (a) Use of Fees.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law,\160\ funds received by the Department of 
State in connection with the use of Blair House (including 
reimbursements and surcharges for services and goods provided 
and fees for use of Blair House facilities) may be credited to 
the appropriate appropriation account of the Department of 
State which is currently available. Such funds shall be 
available only for maintenance and other expenses of Blair 
House.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \159\ 22 U.S.C. 2718. Sec. 119 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 
Stat. 26), redesignated sec. 46 as sec. 47 and added a new sec. 46.
    \160\ Sec. 123 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 659), struck out 
``for the fiscal years 1990 and 1991,''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Compliance With the Budget Act.--The authority of this 
section may be exercised only to such extent or in such amounts 
as are provided in advance in an appropriation Act.

       GRANTS FOR TRAINING AND EDUCATION IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

    Sec. 47.\161\ The Secretary of State may make grants to 
postsecondary educations institutions or students for the 
purpose of increasing the level of knowledge and awareness of 
and interest in employment with the Foreign Service, consistent 
with section 105 of the Foreign service Act of 1980. To the 
extent possible, the Secretary shall give special emphasis to 
promoting such knowledge and awareness of, and interest in 
employment with, the Foreign Service among minority students. 
Any grants awarded shall be made pursuant to regulations to be 
established by the Secretary of State, which shall provide for 
a limit on the size of any specific grant and, regarding any 
grant to individuals, shall ensure that no grant recipient 
receives an amount of grants from one or more Federal programs 
which in the aggregate would exceed the cost of his or her 
education, and shall require satisfactory educational progress 
by grantees as a condition of eligibility for continued receipt 
of grant funds.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \161\ 22 U.S.C. 2719. Sec. 150 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 
Stat. 42), redesignated sec. 47 as sec. 48 and added a new sec. 47.
    Sec. 48 had read: ``This Act may be cited as the State Department 
Basic Authorities Act of 1956.''. Sec. 111 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 654), struck out sec. 48 and restated text in the enacting 
clause.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

            CLOSING OF CONSULAR AND DIPLOMATIC POSTS ABROAD

    Sec. 48.\162\ (a) Prohibited Uses of Funds.--Except as 
provided under subsection (d) or in accordance with the 
procedures under subsections (b) and (c) of this section--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \162\ 22 U.S.C. 2651 note. A short title was originally added as 
sec. 33 by sec. 2201 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-
465; 94 Stat. 2157). Subsequently, sec. 117 of Public Law 97-241 (96 
Stat. 279), sec. 124 of the Department of State Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 Stat. 1025), and sec. 
102 of Public Law 98-533 (98 Stat. 2708) redesignated it as secs. 34, 
36, and 37, respectively. Sec. 125(a) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 
415) redesignated this section as sec. 38, and sec. 128 of the same law 
again redesignated it as sec. 39. Sec. 504(1) of Public Law 99-399 
redesignated it as sec. 41 and sec. 126 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1341), redesignated it as sec. 42. Sec. 4603 of the International 
Narcotics Control Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-690; 102 Stat. 4287) 
redesignated it as sec. 43 and inserted a new sec. 42. Sec. 115(c) of 
the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 
(Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 22), redesignated it as sec. 44 and 
added a new sec. 43. Sec. 117 of that Act further redesignated sec. 44 
as sec. 45, and added a new sec. 44. Sec. 118 of that Act further 
redesignated sec. 45 as sec. 46, and added a new sec. 45. Sec. 119 of 
that Act further redesignated sec. 46 as sec. 47, and added a new sec. 
46. Sec. 150 of that Act further redesignated sec. 47 as sec. 48, and 
added a new sec. 47.
    Sec. 111 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 654), finally struck out 
sec. 48, and made the short title part of the enacting clause.
    The current sec. 48, relating to consular and diplomatic posts 
abroad, was added by sec. 112 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 654).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) no funds authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Department of State shall be available to pay any 
        expense related to the closing of any United States 
        consular or diplomatic post abroad; and
          (2) no funds authorized to be appropriated to the 
        Department of State may be used to pay for any expense 
        related to the Bureau of Administration of the 
        Department of State (or to carrying out any of its 
        functions) if any United States consular or diplomatic 
        post is closed.
  (b) Post Closing Notification.--Not less than 45 days before 
the closing of any United States consular or diplomatic post 
abroad, the Secretary of State shall notify the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs \163\ of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \163\ Sec. 1(a)(5) of Public Law 104-14 (109 Stat. 186) provided 
that references to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (c) Reprogramming Treatment.--Amounts made available to pay 
any expense related to the closing of a consular or diplomatic 
post abroad shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under 
section 34 of this Act and shall not be available for 
obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the 
procedures applicable to such reprogramming.
  (d) Exceptions.--The provisions of this section do not apply 
with respect to--
          (1) any post closed because of a break or downgrading 
        of diplomatic relations between the United States and 
        the country in which the post is located; or
          (2) any post closed because there is a real and 
        present threat to United States diplomatic or consular 
        personnel in the city where the post is located, and a 
        travel advisory warning against travel by United States 
        citizens to that city has been issued by the Department 
        of State.
  (e) Definition.--As used in this section, the term ``consular 
or diplomatic post'' does not include a post to which only 
personnel of agencies other than the Department of State are 
assigned.

              IMPERMISSIBLE BASIS FOR DENIAL OF PASSPORTS

  Sec. 49.\164\ A passport may not be denied issuance, revoked, 
restricted, or otherwise limited because of any speech, 
activity, belief, affiliation, or membership, within or outside 
the United States, which, if held or conducted within the 
United States, would be protected by the first amendment to the 
Constitution of the United States.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \164\ 22 U.S.C. 2721. Sec. 113 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 655), added sec. 49.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         INTERNATIONAL MEETINGS

  Sec. 50.\165\ (a) Authority To Pay Expenses.--If the United 
States Government hosts an international meeting or conference 
in the United States, the Secretary of State is authorized to 
pay all reasonable expenses of such meeting or conference. Such 
expenses may include rental of quarters (by contract or 
otherwise) and personal services.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \165\ 22 U.S.C. 2722. Sec. 119 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 658), added sec. 50.
    Functions vested in the Secretary of State in this section were 
further delegated to the Under Secretary for Management by Delegation 
of Authority No. 193, January 7, 1992 (Public Notice 1555; 57 F.R. 
2298; January 21, 1992).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Retention of Reimbursements.--To the extent provided in 
an appropriation Act, transfers of funds or other 
reimbursements for payments under subsection (a) are authorized 
to be retained and credited to the appropriate appropriation 
account of the Department of State which is available.

                         DENIAL OF VISAS \166\

  Sec. 51.\166\ (a) Report to Congress.--(1) \167\ Denial of 
visas.--The Secretary shall report, on a timely basis, to the 
appropriate committees of the Congress each time a consular 
post denies a visa on the grounds of terrorist activities or 
foreign policy. Such report shall set forth the name and 
nationality of each such person and a factual statement of the 
basis for such denial.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \166\ 22 U.S.C. 2723. Sec. 127(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 660), added sec. 51. See also sec. 128 of that Act, relating to 
visa lookout systems.
    Functions vested in the Secretary of State in this section were 
further delegated to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs, in 
consultation with the Under Secretary for Management, by Delegation of 
Authority No. 193, January 7, 1992 (Public Notice 1555; 57 F.R. 2298; 
January 21, 1992).
    \167\ Sec. 231 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1372), added para. designation 
``(1)'', the para. heading ``Denial of visas.--'', and para. (2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (2) \167\ Visa issuance to inadmissible aliens.--The 
Secretary shall, on a semiannual basis, submit to the 
appropriate committees of the Congress a report describing 
every instance during the period covered by the report in which 
a consular post or the Visa Office of the Department of State 
issued an immigrant or nonimmigrant visa to an alien who is 
inadmissible to the United States based upon terrorist activity 
or failed to object to the issuance of an immigrant or 
nonimmigrant visa to an alien notwithstanding any such ground 
of inadmissibility. The report shall set forth the name and 
nationality of the alien, the issuing post, and a brief factual 
statement of the basis for issuance of the visa or the failure 
to object. The report may be submitted in classified or 
unclassified form.
  (b) Limitation.--Information contained in such report may be 
classified to the extent necessary and shall protect 
intelligence sources and methods.
  (c) Appropriate Committees.--For the purposes of this section 
the term ``appropriate committees of the Congress'' means the 
Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
\168\ of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the 
Judiciary and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \168\ Sec. 1(a)(5) of Public Law 104-14 (109 Stat. 186) provided 
that references to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 52.\169\ FEES FOR COMMERCIAL SERVICES.

    (a) Authority To Charge Fee.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), 
the Secretary of State is authorized to charge a fee to cover 
the actual or estimated cost of providing any person, firm or 
organization (other than agencies of the United States 
Government) with commercial services at posts abroad on matters 
within the authority of the Department of State.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \169\ 22 U.S.C. 2724. Sec. 136 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 
Stat. 396), added sec. 52. The Secretary of State delegated functions 
authorized under this section to the Under Secretary for Management 
(Department of State Public Notice 2086; sec. 4 of Delegation of 
Authority No. 214; 59 F.R. 50790; pursuant to Delegation of Authority 
No. 198, September 16, 1992).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (2) The authority of this section may be exercised only in 
countries where the Department of Commerce does not perform 
commercial services for which it collects fees.
    (b) Use of Fees.--Funds collected under the authority of 
subsection (a) shall be deposited as an offsetting collection 
to any Department of State appropriation to recover the costs 
of providing commercial services. Funds deposited under this 
subsection shall remain available for obligation through 
September 30 of the fiscal year following the fiscal year in 
which the funds were deposited.\170\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \170\ Sec. 2204 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of division G of Public Law 105-277; 
112 Stat. 2681-808), added this sentence.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 53.\171\ FEES FOR USE OF THE GEORGE P. SHULTZ NATIONAL FOREIGN 
                    AFFAIRS TRAINING CENTER.

    The Secretary is authorized to charge a fee for use of the 
George P. Shultz \172\ National Foreign Affairs Training Center 
of the Department of State. Amounts collected under this 
section (including reimbursements and surcharges) shall be 
deposited as an offsetting collection to any Department of 
State appropriation to recover the costs of such use and shall 
remain available for obligation until expended.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \171\ 22 U.S.C. 2725. Sec. 2205(b) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of 
division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-809), added sec. 53. 
Sec. 2205(c) of that Act, which required the Secretary of State to 
report on the pilot program under this section, was repealed by sec. 
318(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 
(Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1380).
    Sec. 2(a)(1) of Public Law 107-132 (115 Stat. 2412) inserted 
``george p. shultz'' after ``the'' in the section catchline.
    \172\ Sec. 2(a)(2) of Public Law 107-132 (115 Stat. 2412) inserted 
``George P. Shultz'' after ``use of the''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 54.\173\ FEE FOR USE OF DIPLOMATIC RECEPTION ROOMS.

    The Secretary is authorized to charge a fee for use of the 
diplomatic reception rooms of the Department of State. Amounts 
collected under this section (including reimbursements and 
surcharges) shall be deposited as an offsetting collection to 
any Department of State appropriation to recover the costs of 
such use and shall remain available for obligation until 
expended.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \173\ 22 U.S.C. 2726. Sec. 2206 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of 
division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-810), added sec. 54.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 55.\174\ ACCOUNTING OF COLLECTIONS IN BUDGET PRESENTATION 
                    DOCUMENTS.

    The Secretary shall include in the annual Congressional 
Presentation Document and the Budget in Brief a detailed 
accounting of the total collections received by the Department 
of State from all sources, including fee collections. Reporting 
on total collections shall also cover collections from the 
preceding fiscal year and the projected expenditures from all 
collections accounts.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \174\ 22 U.S.C. 2727. Sec. 2207 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of 
division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-810), added sec. 55.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 56.\175\ CRIMES COMMITTED BY DIPLOMATS.

    (a) Annual Report Concerning Diplomatic Immunity.--
          (1) Report to congress.--180 days after the date of 
        enactment, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of 
        State shall prepare and submit to the Congress, a 
        report concerning diplomatic immunity entitled ``Report 
        on Cases Involving Diplomatic Immunity''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \175\ 22 U.S.C. 2728. Sec. 2217 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (subdivision B of 
division G of Public Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-815), added sec. 56.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) Content of report.--In addition to such other 
        information as the Secretary of State may consider 
        appropriate, the report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                  (A) The number of persons residing in the 
                United States who enjoy full immunity from the 
                criminal jurisdiction of the United States 
                under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
                immunities.
                  (B) Each case involving an alien described in 
                subparagraph (A) in which an appropriate 
                authority of a State, a political subdivision 
                of a State, or the United States reported to 
                the Department of State that the authority had 
                reasonable cause to believe the alien committed 
                a serious criminal offense within the United 
                States, and any additional information provided 
                to the Secretary relating to other serious 
                criminal offenses that any such authority had 
                reasonable cause to believe the alien committed 
                before the period covered by the report. The 
                Secretary may omit from such report any matter 
                the provision of which the Secretary reasonably 
                believes would compromise a criminal 
                investigation or prosecution or which would 
                directly compromise law enforcement or 
                intelligence sources or methods.
                  (C) Each case described in subparagraph (B) 
                in which the Secretary of State has certified 
                that a person enjoys full immunity from the 
                criminal jurisdiction of the United States 
                under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
                immunities.
                  (D) The number of United States citizens who 
                are residing in a receiving state and who enjoy 
                full immunity from the criminal jurisdiction of 
                such state under laws extending diplomatic 
                privileges and immunities.
                  (E) Each case involving a United States 
                citizen under subparagraph (D) in which the 
                United States has been requested by the 
                government of a receiving state to waive the 
                immunity from criminal jurisdiction of the 
                United States citizen.
                  (F) Whether the Secretary has made the 
                notifications referred to in subsection (c) 
                during the period covered by the report.
          (3) Serious criminal offense defined.--For the 
        purposes of this section, the term ``serious criminal 
        offense'' means--
                  (A) any felony under Federal, State, or local 
                law;
                  (B) any Federal, State, or local offense 
                punishable by a term of imprisonment of more 
                than 1 year;
                  (C) any crime of violence as defined for 
                purposes of section 16 of title 18, United 
                States Code; or
                  (D)(i) driving under the influence of alcohol 
                or drugs;
                  (ii) reckless driving; or
                  (iii) driving while intoxicated.
    (b) United States Policy Concerning Reform of Diplomatic 
Immunity.--It is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary 
of State should explore, in appropriate fora, whether states 
should enter into agreements and adopt legislation--
          (1) to provide jurisdiction in the sending state to 
        prosecute crimes committed in the receiving state by 
        persons entitled to immunity from criminal jurisdiction 
        under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
        immunities; and
          (2) to provide that where there is probable cause to 
        believe that an individual who is entitled to immunity 
        from the criminal jurisdiction of the receiving state 
        under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
        immunities committed a serious crime, the sending state 
        will waive such immunity or the sending state will 
        prosecute such individual.
    (c) Notification of Diplomatic Corps.--The Secretary should 
periodically notify each foreign mission of United States 
policies relating to criminal offenses committed by individuals 
with immunity from the criminal jurisdiction of the United 
States under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
immunities.

SEC. 57.\176\ STATE DEPARTMENT RECORDS OF OVERSEAS DEATHS OF UNITED 
                    STATES CITIZENS FROM NONNATURAL CAUSES.

    (a) Collection of Information.--The Secretary shall, to the 
maximum extent practicable, collect, with respect to each 
foreign country, the following information with respect to each 
United States citizen who dies in that country from a 
nonnatural cause on or after the date of enactment of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \176\ 22 U.S.C. 2729. Sec. 204 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 
1363), added sec. 57.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) The date of death.
          (2) The locality where the death occurred (including 
        the state or province and municipality, if available).
          (3) The cause of death, including information on the 
        circumstances of the death, and including, if the death 
        resulted from an act of terrorism, a statement 
        disclosing that information.
          (4) Such other information as the Secretary shall 
        prescribe.
    (b) Database.--The Secretary shall establish and maintain a 
database containing the information collected under subsection 
(a).
    (c) Public Availability of Information.--Beginning three 
months after the date of enactment of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003, the Secretary, shall make 
available, on a country-by-country basis, on the Internet 
website of the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs, the 
information from the database described in subsection (b) with 
respect to deaths occurring since the date of enactment of that 
Act, or occurring during the preceding three calendar years, 
whichever period is shorter. The information shall be updated 
at least every six months.

SEC. 58.\177\ PROHIBITION ON FUNDING THE INVOLUNTARY RETURN OF 
                    REFUGEES.

    (a) Prohibition.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \177\ 22 U.S.C. 2730. Sec. 241 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 
1373), added sec. 58.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        none of the funds made available to the Department of 
        State, or the United States Emergency Refugee and 
        Migration Assistance Fund established in section 2(c) 
        of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (22 
        U.S.C. 2601(c)), may be available to effect the 
        involuntary return by the United States of any person 
        to a country in which the person has a well-founded 
        fear of persecution on account of race, religion, 
        nationality, membership in a particular social group, 
        or political opinion.
          (2) Exception.--The prohibition in paragraph (1) does 
        not apply to the return of any person on grounds 
        recognized as precluding protection as a refugee under 
        the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of 
        Refugees of July 28, 1951, and the Protocol Relating to 
        the Status of Refugees of January 31, 1967, subject to 
        the reservations contained in the United States Senate 
        resolution of advice and consent to ratification of the 
        Protocol.
    (b) Congressional Notification Required in All Cases.--None 
of the funds made available to the Department of State, or the 
United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund 
established in section 2(c) of the Migration and Refugee 
Assistance Act of 1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601(c)), may be available to 
effect the involuntary return by the United States of any 
person to any country unless the Secretary first notifies the 
appropriate congressional committees, except that, in the case 
of an emergency involving a threat to human life, the Secretary 
shall notify the appropriate congressional committees as soon 
as practicable.
    (c) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed as affecting activities of the Department of State 
that relate to removal proceedings under the Immigration and 
Nationality Act or extradition.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
        Committee on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives.
          (2) To effect the involuntary return.--The term ``to 
        effect the involuntary return'' means to require, by 
        means of physical force or circumstances amounting to a 
        threat thereof, a person to return to a country against 
        the person's will, regardless of whether the person is 
        physically present in the United States and regardless 
        of whether the United States acts directly or through 
        an agent.

SEC. 59.\178\ MONITORING AND COMBATING ANTI-SEMITISM.

    (a) Office To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \178\ 22 U.S.C. 2731. Sec. 5 of the Global Anti-Semitism Review Act 
of 2004 (Public Law 108-332; 118 Stat. 1284) added sec. 59.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Establishment of office.--The Secretary shall 
        establish within the Department of State an Office to 
        Monitor and Combat anti-Semitism (in this section 
        referred to as the `Office').
          (2) Head of office.--
                  (A) Special envoy for monitoring and 
                combating anti-semitism.--The head of the 
                Office shall be the Special Envoy for 
                Monitoring and Combating anti-Semitism (in this 
                section referred to as the ``Special Envoy'').
                  (B) Appointment of head of office.--The 
                Secretary shall appoint the Special Envoy. If 
                the Secretary determines that such is 
                appropriate, the Secretary may appoint the 
                Special Envoy from among officers and employees 
                of the Department. The Secretary may allow such 
                officer or employee to retain the position (and 
                the responsibilities associated with such 
                position) held by such officer or employee 
                prior to the appointment of such officer or 
                employee to the position of Special Envoy under 
                this paragraph.
    (b) Purpose of Office.--Upon establishment, the Office 
shall assume the primary responsibility for--
          (1) monitoring and combating acts of anti-Semitism 
        and anti-Semitic incitement that occur in foreign 
        countries;
          (2) coordinating and assisting in the preparation of 
        that portion of the report required by sections 
        116(d)(7) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d)(7) and 2304(b)) relating to an 
        assessment and description of the nature and extent of 
        acts of anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic incitement for 
        inclusion in the annual Country Reports on Human Rights 
        Practices; and
          (3) coordinating and assisting in the preparation of 
        that portion of the report required by section 
        102(b)(1)(A)(iv) of the International Religious Freedom 
        Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6412(b)(1)(A)(iv)) relating to 
        an assessment and description of the nature and extent 
        of acts of anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic incitement 
        for inclusion in the Annual Report on International 
        Religious Freedom.
    (c) Consultations.--The Special Envoy shall consult with 
domestic and international nongovernmental organizations and 
multilateral organizations and institutions, as the Special 
Envoy considers appropriate to fulfill the purposes of this 
section.

SEC. 60.\179\ PUBLIC DIPLOMACY RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    STATE.

    (a) Integral Component.--The Secretary of State shall make 
public diplomacy an integral component in the planning and 
execution of United States foreign policy.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \179\ 22 U.S.C. 2732. Sec. 7109(a) of the 9/11 Commission 
Implementation Act of 2004 (title VII of Public Law 108-458; 118 Stat. 
3792) added sec. 60.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Coordination and Development of Strategy.--The 
Secretary shall make every effort to--
          (1) coordinate, subject to the direction of the 
        President, the public diplomacy activities of Federal 
        agencies; and
          (2) coordinate with the Broadcasting Board of 
        Governors to--
                  (A) develop a comprehensive and coherent 
                strategy for the use of public diplomacy 
                resources; and
                  (B) develop and articulate long-term 
                measurable objectives for United States public 
                diplomacy.
    (c) Objectives.--The strategy developed pursuant to 
subsection (b) shall include public diplomacy efforts targeting 
developed and developing countries and select and general 
audiences, using appropriate media to properly explain the 
foreign policy of the United States to the governments and 
populations of such countries, with the objectives of 
increasing support for United States policies and providing 
news and information. The Secretary shall, through the most 
effective mechanisms, counter misinformation and propaganda 
concerning the United States. The Secretary shall continue to 
articulate the importance of freedom, democracy, and human 
rights as fundamental principles underlying United States 
foreign policy goals.
    (d) Identification of United States Foreign Assistance.--In 
cooperation with the United States Agency for International 
Development (USAID) and other public and private assistance 
organizations and agencies, the Secretary should ensure that 
information relating to foreign assistance provided by the 
United States, nongovernmental organizations, and private 
entities of the United States is disseminated widely, and 
particularly, to the extent practicable, within countries and 
regions that receive such assistance. The Secretary should 
ensure that, to the extent practicable, projects funded by 
USAID not involving commodities, including projects implemented 
by private voluntary organizations, are identified as provided 
by the people of the United States.

 TITLE II--AUTHORITIES RELATING TO THE REGULATION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS 
                                 \180\

                   DECLARATION OF FINDINGS AND POLICY

    Sec. 201.\181\ (a) The Congress finds that the operation in 
the United States of foreign missions and public international 
organizations and the official missions to such organizations, 
including the permissible scope of their activities and the 
location and size of their facilities, is a proper subject for 
the exercise of Federal jurisdiction.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \180\ Popularly referred to as the ``Foreign Missions Act''. Title 
II was added by sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 283).
    The Secretary of State delegated functions authorized under this 
title--except those under secs. 203(4), 204(b)(5), 204(f), 209, 209A, 
and 214--to the Director of the Office of Foreign Missions (Department 
of State Public Notice 2086; sec. 14 of Delegation of Authority No. 
214; 59 F.R. 50790).
    \181\ 22 U.S.C. 4301. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 201.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) The Congress declares that it is the policy of the 
United States to support the secure and efficient operation of 
United States missions abroad, to facilitate the secure and 
efficient operation in the United States of foreign missions 
and public international organizations and the official 
missions to such organizations, and to assist in obtaining 
appropriate benefits, privileges, and immunities for those 
missions and organizations and to require their observance of 
corresponding obligations in accordance with international law.
    (c) The treatment to be accorded to a foreign mission in 
the United States shall be determined by the Secretary after 
due consideration of the benefits, privileges, and immunities 
provided to missions of the United States in the country or 
territory represented by that foreign mission as well as 
matters relating to the protection of the interests of the 
United States.\182\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \182\ Sec. 127(a) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 418) inserted ``as 
well as matters relating to the protection of the interests of the 
United States''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              DEFINITIONS

    Sec. 202.\183\ (a) \184\ For purposes of this title--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \183\ 22 U.S.C. 4302.
    \184\ Sec. 162(o)(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out para. (3) under this subsec., which had defined ``Director'' to 
mean ``the Director of the Office of Foreign Missions established 
pursuant to section 203(a)''; and redesignated paras. (4) through (8) 
as paras. (3) through (7).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) ``benefit'' (with respect to a foreign mission) 
        means any acquisition, or authorization for an 
        acquisition, in the United States by or for a foreign 
        mission, including the acquisition of--
                  (A) real property by purchase, lease, 
                exchange, construction, or otherwise,
                  (B) public services, including services 
                relating to customs, importation, and 
                utilities, and the processing of applications 
                or requests relating to public services,
                  (C) supplies, maintenance, and 
                transportation,
                  (D) locally engaged staff on a temporary or 
                regular basis,
                  (E) travel and related services,
                  (F) protective services, and
                  (G) \185\ financial and currency exchange 
                services,
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \185\ Sec. 153(e) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1353), added 
subpara. (G).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
        and includes such other benefits as the Secretary may 
        designate;
          (2) ``chancery'' means the principal offices of a 
        foreign mission used for diplomatic or related 
        purposes, and annexes to such offices (including 
        ancillary offices and support facilities), and includes 
        the site and any building on such site which is used 
        for such purposes;
          (3) \186\ ``foreign mission'' means any mission to or 
        agency or entity in the United States which is involved 
        in the diplomatic, consular, or other activities of, or 
        which is substantially owned or effectively controlled 
        by--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \186\ Para. (3) was substantively amended and restated by sec. 701 
of Public Law 99-569 (100 Stat. 3190); and was previously amended by 
sec. 127(b) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 418).
    In Public Notice 2035 of June 21, 1994 (59 F.R. 37121), the 
Department of State determined that the Palestine Liberation 
Organization representation in the United States is a ``foreign 
mission'' within the meaning of sec. 202(a)(3), and that the provisions 
of sec. 205 of this Act apply to the acquisition or disposition of real 
property by or on behalf of the PLO Office.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) a foreign government, or
                  (B) an organization (other than an 
                international organization, as defined in 
                section 209(b) of this title) representing a 
                territory or political entity which has been 
                granted diplomatic or other official privileges 
                and immunities under the laws of the United 
                States or which engages in some aspect of the 
                conduct of the international affairs of such 
                territory or political entity,
including any real property of such a mission and including the 
personnel of such a mission;
          (4) ``real property'' includes any right, title, or 
        interest in or to, or the beneficial use of, any real 
        property in the United States, including any office or 
        other building;
          (5) ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of State;
          (6) ``sending State'' means the foreign government, 
        territory, or political entity represented by a foreign 
        mission; and
          (7) ``United States'' means, when used in a 
        geographic sense, the several States, the District of 
        Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the 
        territories and possessions of the United States.
    (b) Determinations with respect to the meaning and 
applicability of the terms used in subsection (a) shall be 
committed to the discretion of the Secretary.

                 AUTHORITIES OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE

    Sec. 203.\187\ The Secretary shall carry out the following 
functions:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \187\ 22 U.S.C. 4303. Sec. 203, originally providing for the 
establishment of the Office of Foreign Missions, was amended and 
restated by sec. 162(o)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409).
    Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 283) added the original 
sec. 203.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Assist agencies of Federal, State, and municipal 
        government with regard to ascertaining and according 
        benefits, privileges, and immunities to which a foreign 
        mission may be entitled.
          (2) Provide or assist in the provision of benefits 
        for or on behalf of a foreign mission in accordance 
        with section 204.
          (3) As determined by the Secretary, dispose of 
        property acquired in carrying out the purposes of this 
        Act.
          (4) As determined by the Secretary, designate an 
        office within the Department of State to carry out the 
        purposes of this Act. If such an office is established, 
        the President may appoint, by and with the advice and 
        consent of the Senate, a Director, with the rank of 
        ambassador. Of the Director and the next most senior 
        person in the office, one should be an individual who 
        has served in the Foreign Service and the other should 
        be an individual who has served in the United States 
        intelligence community.
          (5) Perform such other functions as the Secretary may 
        determine necessary in furtherance of the policy of 
        this title.

                         PROVISION OF BENEFITS

    Sec. 204.\188\ (a) Upon the request of a foreign mission, 
benefits may be provided to or for that foreign mission by or 
through the Secretary \189\ on such terms and conditions as the 
Secretary may approve.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \188\ 22 U.S.C. 4304. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 204.
    \189\ Sec. 162(o)(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``Director'' throughout subsecs. (a) through (c) of sec. 204, and 
inserted in lieu thereof ``Secretary''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) If the Secretary determines that such action is 
reasonably necessary on the basis of reciprocity or otherwise--
          (1) to facilitate relations between the United States 
        and a sending State,
          (2) to protect the interests of the United States,
          (3) to adjust for costs and procedures of obtaining 
        benefits for missions of the United States abroad,\190\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \190\ Sec. 116(b)(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 24), struck 
out ``or'' at the end of para. (3); inserted ``or'' at the end of para. 
(4); and added a new para. (5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) to assist in resolving a dispute affecting United 
        States interests and involving a foreign mission or 
        sending State, or \190\
          (5) \190\ subject to subsection (f), to implement an 
        exchange of property between the Government of the 
        United States and the government of a foreign country, 
        such property to be used by each government in the 
        respective receiving state for, or in connection with, 
        diplomatic or consular establishments,
then the Secretary may require a foreign mission (A) to obtain 
benefits from or through the Secretary \189\ on such terms and 
conditions as the Secretary may approve, or (B) to forego the 
acceptance, use, or relations of any benefit or \191\ to comply 
with such terms and conditions as the Secretary may determine 
as a condition to the execution or performance in the United 
States of any contract or other agreement, the acquisition, 
retention, or use of any real property, or the application for 
or acceptance of any benefit (including any benefit from or 
authorized by any Federal, State, or municipal governmental 
authority, or any entity providing public services).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \191\ Sec. 127(c) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 418) inserted ``to 
forego the acceptance, use, or relations of any benefit or'' after 
``(B)''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) Terms and conditions established by the Secretary under 
this section may include--
          (1) a requirement to pay to the Secretary \189\ a 
        surcharge or fee, and
          (2) a waiver by a foreign mission or any assignee of 
        or person deriving rights from a foreign mission of any 
        recourse against any governmental authority, any entity 
        providing public services, any employee or agent of 
        such an authority or entity, or any other person, in 
        connection with any action determined by the Secretary 
        to be undertaken in furtherance of this title.
    (d) For purposes of effectuating a waiver of recourse which 
is required under this section, the Secretary may designate any 
\192\ officer of the Department of State as the agent of a 
foreign mission (or of any assignee of or person deriving 
rights from a foreign mission). Any such waiver by an officer 
so designated shall for all purposes (including any court or 
administrative proceeding) be deemed to be a waiver by the 
foreign mission (or the assignee of or other person deriving 
rights from a foreign mission).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \192\ Sec. 162(o)(3)(B) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), as 
amended, struck out ``the Director or any other'' and inserted in lieu 
thereof ``any''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (e) Nothing in this title \193\ shall be deemed to preclude 
or limit in any way the authority of the United States Secret 
Service to provide protective services pursuant to section 202 
of title 3, United States Code, or section 3056 of title 18, 
United States Code, at a level commensurate with protective 
requirements as determined by the United States Secret Service.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \193\ Sec. 126(b) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 418) inserted 
``title'' in lieu of ``section''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (f) \194\ Upon a determination in each specific case by the 
Secretary of State or the Secretary's designee that the purpose 
of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926, can best be met on 
the basis of an in-kind exchange of properties with a foreign 
country pursuant to subsection (b)(5), the Secretary of State 
may transfer funds made available under the heading 
``Acquisition and Maintenance of Buildings Abroad'' (including 
funds held in the Foreign Service Buildings Fund) for such 
purpose to the Working Capital Fund, as provided in section 
208(h)(1). Except for funds that may be provided by a foreign 
government for the purchase of property, only funds transferred 
under the preceding sentence may be used for the purposes of 
subsection (b)(5).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \194\ Sec. 116(b)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 24), added 
subsec. (f).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (2) The Secretary of State may acquire property in the 
United States for the purposes of subsection (b)(5) only in the 
context of a specific reciprocal agreement with a specified 
foreign government. Property acquired by the United States in 
the foreign country through such an exchange shall benefit the 
United States at least to the same extent as the property 
acquired in the United States benefits the foreign government.
    (3) The Secretary of State shall prescribe regulations for 
the implementation of any in-kind exchange of properties 
pursuant to subsection (b)(5).
    (4) At least 15 days before entering into any reciprocal 
agreement for the exchange of property with another foreign 
government, the Secretary of State shall notify the Committee 
on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Public Works and 
Transportation of the House of Representatives \195\ and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \195\ Sec. 1(a)(5) of Public Law 104-14 (109 Stat. 186) provided 
that references to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives. Sec. 1(a)(9) 
of that Act provided that references to the Committee on Public Works 
and Transportation shall be treated as referring to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (5)(A) Proceeds from the disposition of properties acquired 
pursuant to this subsection shall be credited to the Foreign 
Service Buildings Fund (referred to in section 9 of the Foreign 
Service Buildings Act, 1926).
          (B) The authority to spend proceeds received under 
        subparagraph (A) may be exercised only to such extent 
        or in such amounts as are provided in advance in an 
        appropriation Act.

    ENFORCEMENT OF COMPLIANCE WITH LIABILITY INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS

    Sec. 204A.\196\ (a)(1) The head of a foreign mission shall 
notify promptly the Secretary \197\ of the lapse or termination 
of any liability insurance coverage held by a member of the 
mission, by a member of the family of such member, or by an 
individual described in section 19 of the Convention on 
Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations of February 13, 
1946.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \196\ 22 U.S.C. 4304a. Sec. 603 of the Department of State 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 
Stat. 1043), added sec. 204A. See also sec. 6 of the Diplomatic 
Relations Act for additional text concerning requirements for liability 
insurance.
    \197\ Sec. 162(o)(4) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``Director'' at each place it appeared in sec. 204A, and inserted 
in lieu thereof ``Secretary''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (2) Not later than February 1 of each year, the head of 
each foreign mission shall prepare and transmit to the 
Secretary \197\ a report including a list of motor vehicles, 
vessels, and aircraft registered in the United States by 
members of the mission, members of the families of such 
members, individuals described in section 19 of the Convention 
on Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations of February 
13, 1946, and by the mission itself. Such list shall set forth 
for each such motor vehicle, vessel, or aircraft--
          (A) the jurisdiction in which it is registered;
          (B) the name of insured;
          (C) the name of the insurance company;
          (D) the insurance policy number and the extent of 
        insurance coverage; and
          (E) such other information as the Secretary \197\ may 
        prescribe.
    (b) Whenever the Secretary \197\ finds that a member of a 
foreign mission, a member of the family of such member, or an 
individual described in section 19 of the Convention on 
Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations of February 13, 
1946--
          (1) is at fault for personal injury, death, or 
        property damage arising out of the operation of a motor 
        vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in the United States,
          (2) is not covered by liability insurance, and
          (3) has not satisfied a court-rendered judgment 
        against him or is not legally liable,
the Secretary \197\ shall impose a surcharge or fee on the 
foreign mission of which such member or individual is a part, 
amounting to the unsatisfied portion of the judgment rendered 
against such member or individual or, if there is no court-
rendered judgment an estimated amount of damages incurred by 
the victim. The payment of any such surcharge or fee shall be 
available only for compensation of the victim or his estate.
    (c) For purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``head of a foreign mission'' has the 
        same meaning as is ascribed to the term ``head of a 
        mission'' in Article 1 of the Vienna Convention on 
        Diplomatic Relations of April 18, 1961 (T.I.A.S. 
        numbered 7502; 23 U.S.T. 3227); and
          (2) the terms ``members of a mission'' and ``family'' 
        have the same meanings as is ascribed to them by 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2 of the Diplomatic 
        Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 254a).

SEC. 204B.\198\ CRIMES COMMITTED BY DIPLOMATS.

    (a) Annual Report Concerning Diplomatic Immunity.--
          (1) Report to congress.--The Secretary of State shall 
        prepare and submit to the Congress, annually, a report 
        concerning diplomatic immunity entitled ``Report on 
        Cases Involving Diplomatic Immunity''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \198\ 22 U.S.C. 4304b. Sec. 1 of Public Law 105-375 (112 Stat. 
3385) added sec. 204B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) Content of report.--In addition to such other 
        information as the Secretary of State may consider 
        appropriate, the report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                  (A) The number of persons residing in the 
                United States who enjoy full immunity from the 
                criminal jurisdiction of the United States 
                under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
                immunities.
                  (B) Each case involving an alien described in 
                subparagraph (A) in which an appropriate 
                authority of a State, a political subdivision 
                of a State, or the United States reported to 
                the Department of State that the authority had 
                reasonable cause to believe the alien committed 
                a serious criminal offense within the United 
                States, and any additional information provided 
                to the Secretary relating to other serious 
                criminal offenses that any such authority had 
                reasonable cause to believe the alien committed 
                before the period covered by the report. The 
                Secretary may omit from such report any matter 
                the provision of which the Secretary reasonably 
                believes would compromise a criminal 
                investigation or prosecution or which would 
                directly compromise law enforcement or 
                intelligence sources or methods.
                  (C) Each case described in subparagraph (B) 
                in which the Secretary of State has certified 
                that a person enjoys full immunity from the 
                criminal jurisdiction of the United States 
                under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
                immunities.
                  (D) The number of United States citizens who 
                are residing in a receiving state and who enjoy 
                full immunity from the criminal jurisdiction of 
                such state under laws extending diplomatic 
                privileges and immunities.
                  (E) Each case involving a United States 
                citizen under subparagraph (D) in which the 
                United States has been requested by the 
                government of a receiving state to waive the 
                immunity from criminal jurisdiction of the 
                United States citizen.
                  (F) Whether the Secretary has made the 
                notifications referred to in subsection (c) 
                during the period covered by the report.
          (3) Serious criminal offense defined.--For the 
        purposes of this section, the term ``serious criminal 
        offense'' means--
                  (A) any felony under Federal, State, or local 
                law;
                  (B) any Federal, State, or local offense 
                punishable by a term of imprisonment of more 
                than 1 year;
                  (C) any crime of violence as defined for 
                purposes of section 16 of title 18, United 
                States Code; or
                  (D)(i) driving under the influence of alcohol 
                or drugs;
                  (ii) reckless driving; or
                  (iii) driving while intoxicated.
    (b) United States Policy Concerning Reform of Diplomatic 
Immunity.--It is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary 
of State should explore, in appropriate fora, whether states 
should enter into agreements and adopt legislation--
          (1) to provide jurisdiction in the sending state to 
        prosecute crimes committed in the receiving state by 
        persons entitled to immunity from criminal jurisdiction 
        under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
        immunities; and
          (2) to provide that where there is probable cause to 
        believe that an individual who is entitled to immunity 
        from the criminal jurisdiction of the receiving state 
        under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
        immunities committed a serious crime, the sending state 
        will waive such immunity or the sending state will 
        prosecute such individual.
    (c) Notification of Diplomatic Corps.--The Secretary should 
periodically notify each foreign mission of United States 
policies relating to criminal offenses committed by individuals 
with immunity from the criminal jurisdiction of the United 
States under laws extending diplomatic privileges and 
immunities.

                      PROPERTY OF FOREIGN MISSIONS

    Sec. 205.\199\ (a)(1) The Secretary shall require any 
foreign mission, including any mission to an international 
organization (as defined in section 209(b)(2)), to notify the 
Secretary \200\ prior to any proposed acquisition, or any 
proposed sale or other disposition, of any real property by or 
on behalf of such mission. The foreign mission (or other party 
acting on behalf of the foreign mission) may initiate or 
execute any contract, proceeding, application, or other action 
required for the proposed action--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \199\ 22 U.S.C. 4305. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 205. Subsequently, sec. 127(e) of Public Law 99-93 (99 
Stat. 418) amended sec. 205(a)(1) by: in the first sentence, striking 
out ``may'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``shall''; in the first 
sentence, inserting ``, including any mission to an international 
organization (as defined in section 209(b)(2)),'' after ``foreign 
mission''; and in the second sentence, by striking out ``If such a 
notification is required, the'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``The''.
    \200\ Sec. 162(o)(5)(A) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``Director'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``Secretary''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (A) only after the expiration of the 60-day period 
        beginning on the date of such notification (or after 
        the expiration of such shorter period as the Secretary 
        may specify in a given case); and
          (B) only if the mission is not notified by the 
        Secretary within that period that the proposal has been 
        disapproved; however, the Secretary may include in such 
        a notification such terms and conditions as the 
        Secretary may determine appropriate in order to remove 
        the disapproval.
    (2) For purposes of this section, ``acquisition'' includes 
any acquisition or alteration of, or addition to, any real 
property or any change in the purpose for which real property 
is used by a foreign mission.
    (b) The Secretary may require any foreign mission to divest 
itself of, or forgo the use of, any real property determined by 
the Secretary--
          (1) not to have been acquired in accordance with this 
        section;
          (2) to exceed limitations placed on real property 
        available to a United States mission in the sending 
        State; or
          (3) \201\ where otherwise necessary to protect the 
        interests of the United States.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \201\ Sec. 127(d)(3) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 418) added para. 
(3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) If a foreign mission has ceased conducting diplomatic, 
consular, and other governmental activities in the United 
States and has not designated a protecting power or other agent 
approved by the Secretary to be responsible for the property of 
that foreign mission, the Secretary--
          (1) until the designation of a protecting power or 
        other agent approved by the Secretary, may protect and 
        preserve any property of that foreign mission; and
          (2) may \202\ dispose of such property at such time 
        as the Secretary may determine after the expiration of 
        the one-year period beginning on the date that the 
        foreign mission ceased those activities, and may remit 
        to the sending State the net proceeds from such 
        disposition.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \202\ Sec. 162(o)(5)(B) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``authorize the Director to'' after ``may''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (d) \203\ (1) After the date of enactment of this subsection, 
real property in the United States may not be acquired (by 
sale, lease, or other means) by or on behalf of the foreign 
mission of a foreign country described in paragraph (4) if, in 
the judgment of the Secretary of Defense (after consultation 
with the Secretary of State), the acquisition of that property 
might substantially improve the capability of that country to 
intercept communications involving United States Government 
diplomatic, military, or intelligence matters.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \203\ Subsec. (d) was added by sec. 161 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1356).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (2) After the date of enactment of this subsection, real 
property in the United States may not be acquired (by sale, 
lease, or other means) by or on behalf of the foreign mission 
of a foreign country described in paragraph (4) if, in the 
judgment of the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
(after consultation with the Secretary of State), the 
acquisition of that property might substantially improve the 
capability of that country to engage in intelligence activities 
directed against the United States Government, other than the 
intelligence activities described in paragraph (1).
  (3) The Secretary of State shall inform the Secretary of 
Defense and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
immediately upon notice being given pursuant to subsection (a) 
of this section of a proposed acquisition of real property by 
or on behalf of the foreign mission of a foreign country 
described in paragraph (4).
  (4) For the purposes of this subsection, the term `foreign 
country' means--
          (A) any country listed as a Communist country in 
        section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961;
          (B) any country determined by the Secretary of State, 
        for purposes of section 6(j) of the Export 
        Administration Act of 1979, to be a country which has 
        repeatedly provided support for acts of international 
        terrorism; and
          (C) any other country which engages in intelligence 
        activities in the United States which are adverse to 
        the national security interests of the United States.
  (5) As used in this section, the term `substantially improve' 
shall not be construed to prevent the establishment of a 
foreign mission by a country which, on the date of enactment of 
this section--
          (A) does not have a mission in the United States, or
          (B) with respect to a city in the United States, did 
        not maintain a mission in that city.

        location of foreign missions in the district of columbia

    Sec. 206.\204\ (a) The location, replacement, or expansion 
of chanceries in the District of Columbia shall be subject to 
this section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \204\ 22 U.S.C. 4306. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 206.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b)(1) A chancery shall be permitted to locate as a matter 
of right in any area which is zoned commercial, industrial, 
waterfront, or mixed-use (CR).
    (2) A chancery shall also be permitted to locate--
          (A) in any area which is zoned medium-high or high 
        density residential, and
          (B) in any other area, determined on the basis of 
        existing uses, which includes office or institutional 
        uses, including but not limited to any area zoned 
        mixed-use diplomatic or special purpose,
subject to disapproval by the District of Columbia Board of 
Zoning Adjustment in accordance with this section.
    (3) In each of the areas described in paragraphs (1) and 
(2), the limitations and conditions applicable to chanceries 
shall not exceed those applicable to other office or 
institutional uses in that area.
    (c)(1) If a foreign mission wishes to locate a chancery in 
an area described in subsection (b)(2), or wishes to appeal an 
administrative decision relating to a chancery based in whole 
or in part upon any zoning map or regulation, it shall file an 
application with the Board of Zoning Adjustment which shall 
publish notice of that application in the District of Columbia 
Register.
    (2) Regulations issued to carry out this section shall 
provide appropriate opportunities for participation by the 
public in proceedings concerning the location, replacement, or 
expansion of chanceries.
    (3) A final determination concerning the location, 
replacement, or expansion of a chancery shall be made not later 
than six months after the date of the filing of an application 
with respect to such location, replacement, or expansion. Such 
determination shall not be subject to the administrative 
proceedings of any other agency or official except as provided 
in this title.
    (d) Any determination concerning the location of a chancery 
under subsection (b)(2), or concerning an appeal of an 
administrative decision with respect to a chancery based in 
whole or in part upon any zoning regulation or map, shall be 
based solely on the following criteria:
          (1) The international obligation of the United States 
        to facilitate the provision of adequate and secure 
        facilities for foreign missions in the Nation's 
        Capital.
          (2) Historic preservation, as determined by the Board 
        of Zoning Adjustment in carrying out this section; and 
        in order to ensure compatibility with historic 
        landmarks and districts, substantial compliance with 
        District of Columbia and Federal regulations governing 
        historic preservation shall be required with respect to 
        new construction and to demolition of or alteration to 
        historic landmarks.
          (3) The adequacy of off-street or other parking and 
        the extent to which the area will be served by public 
        transportation to reduce parking requirements, subject 
        to such special security requirements as may be 
        determined by the Secretary, after consultation with 
        Federal agencies authorized to perform protective 
        services.
          (4) The extent to which the area is capable of being 
        adequately protected, as determined by the Secretary, 
        after consultation with Federal agencies authorized to 
        perform protective services.
          (5) The municipal interest, as determined by the 
        Mayor of the District of Columbia.
          (6) The Federal interest, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
    (e)(1) Regulations, proceedings, and other actions of the 
National Capital Planning Commission, the Zoning Commission for 
the District of Columbia, and the Board of Zoning Adjustment 
affecting the location, replacement, or expansion of chanceries 
shall be consistent with this section (including the criteria 
set out in subsection (d)) and shall reflect the policy of this 
title.
    (2) Proposed actions of the Zoning Commission concerning 
implementation of this section shall be referred to the 
National Capital Planning Commission for review and comment.
    (f) Regulations issued to carry out this section shall 
provide for proceedings of a rule-making and not of an 
adjudicatory nature.
    (g) The Secretary shall require foreign missions to comply 
substantially with District of Columbia building and related 
codes in a manner determined by the Secretary to be not 
inconsistent with the international obligations of the United 
States.
    (h) Approval by the Board of Zoning Adjustment or the 
Zoning Commission or, except as provided in section 205, by any 
other agency or official is not required--
          (1) for the location, replacement, or expansion of a 
        chancery to the extent that authority to proceed, or 
        rights or interests, with respect to such location, 
        replacement, or expansion were granted to or otherwise 
        acquired by the foreign mission before the effective 
        date of this section; or
          (2) for continuing use of a chancery by a foreign 
        mission to the extent that the chancery was being used 
        by a foreign mission on the effective date of this 
        section.
    (i)(1) The President may designate the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, or the Administrator of 
General Services (or such alternate as such official may from 
time to time designate) to serve as a member of the Zoning 
Commission in lieu of the Director of the National Park Service 
whenever the President determines that the Zoning Commission is 
performing functions concerning the implementation of this 
section.
    (2) Whenever the Board of Zoning Adjustment is performing 
functions regarding an application by a foreign mission with 
respect to the location, expansion, or replacement of a 
chancery--
          (A) the representative from the Zoning Commission 
        shall be the Director of the National Park Service or 
        if another person has been designated under paragraph 
        (1) of this subsection, the person so designated; and
          (B) the representative from the National Capital 
        Planning Commission shall be the Executive Director of 
        that Commission.
    (j) Provisions of law (other than this title) applicable 
with respect to the location, replacement, or expansion of real 
property in the District of Columbia shall apply with respect 
to chanceries only to the extent that they are consistent with 
this section.

                               PREEMPTION

    Sec. 207.\205\ Notwithstanding any other law, no act of any 
Federal agency shall be effective to confer or deny any benefit 
with respect to any foreign mission contrary to this title. 
Nothing in section 202, 203, 204, or 205 may be construed to 
preempt any State or municipal law or governmental authority 
regarding zoning, land use, health, safety, or welfare, except 
that a denial by the Secretary involving a benefit for a 
foreign mission within the jurisdiction of a particular State 
or local government shall be controlling.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \205\ 22 U.S.C. 4307. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 207.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Sec. 208.\206\ (a) The Secretary may issue such regulations 
as the Secretary may determine necessary to carry out the 
policy of this title.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \206\ 22 U.S.C. 4308. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 208.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Compliance with any regulation, instruction, or 
direction issued by the Secretary under this title shall to the 
extent thereof be a full acquittance and discharge for all 
purposes of the obligation of the person making the same. No 
person shall be held liable in any court or administrative 
proceeding for or with respect to anything done or omitted in 
good faith in connection with the administration of, or 
pursuant to and in reliance on, this title, or any regulation, 
instruction, or direction issued by the Secretary under this 
title.
    (c) For purposes of administering this title--
          (1) the Secretary may accept details and assignments 
        of employees of Federal agencies to the Department of 
        State \207\ on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis 
        (with any such reimbursements to be credited to the 
        appropriations made available for the salaries and 
        expenses of officers and employees of the employing 
        agency); and
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \207\ Sec. 162(o)(6)(B) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``Office of Foreign Missions'' and inserted in lieu thereof 
``Department of State'' at each place it appeared in subsecs. (c), (e), 
and (f) of sec. 208.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) the Secretary may, to the extent necessary to 
        obtain services without delay, exercise his authority 
        to employ experts and consultants under section 3109 of 
        title 5, United States Code, without requiring 
        compliance with such otherwise applicable requirements 
        for that employment as the Secretary may determine, 
        except that such employment shall be terminated after 
        60 days if by that time those requirements are not 
        complied with.
    (d) Contracts and subcontracts for supplies or services, 
including personal services, made by or on behalf of the 
Secretary \208\ shall be made after advertising, in such manner 
and at such times as the Secretary shall determine to be 
adequate to ensure notice and opportunity for competition, 
except that advertisement shall not be required when (1) the 
Secretary determines that it is impracticable or will not 
permit timely performance to obtain bids by advertising, or (2) 
the aggregate amount involved in a purchase of supplies or 
procurement of services does not exceed $10,000. Such contracts 
and subcontracts may be entered into without regard to laws and 
regulations otherwise applicable to solicitation, negotiation, 
administration, and performance of government contracts. In 
awarding contracts, the Secretary may consider such factors as 
relative quality and availability of supplies or services and 
the compatibility of the supplies or services with 
implementation of this title.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \208\ Sec. 162(o)(6)(A) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``Director'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``Secretary''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (e) The head of any Federal agency may, for purposes of 
this title--
          (1) transfer or loan any property to, and perform 
        administrative and technical support functions and 
        services for the operations of, the Department of State 
        \207\ (with reimbursements to agencies under this 
        paragraph to be credited to the current applicable 
        appropriation of the agency concerned); and
          (2) acquire and accept services from the Department 
        of State,\207\ including (whenever the Secretary 
        determines it to be in furtherance of the purposes of 
        this title) acquisitions without regard to laws 
        normally applicable to the acquisition of services by 
        such agency.
    (f) Assets of or under the control of the Department of 
State,\207\ wherever situated, which are used by or held for 
the use of a foreign mission shall not be subject to 
attachment, execution, injunction, or similar process, whether 
intermediate or final.
    (g) Except as otherwise provided, any determination 
required under this title shall be committed to the discretion 
of the Secretary.
    (h)(1) In order to implement this title, the Secretary may 
transfer to the working capital fund established by section 13 
of this Act such amounts available to the Department of State 
as may be necessary.
    (2) All revenues, including proceeds from gifts and 
donations, received by the \209\ Secretary in carrying out this 
title may be credited to the working capital fund established 
by section 13 of this Act and shall be available for purposes 
of this title in accordance with that section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \209\ Sec. 162(o)(6)(C) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), struck 
out ``Director or the'' at this point.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (3) Only amounts transferred or credited to the working 
capital fund established by section 13 of this Act may be used 
in carrying out the functions of the Secretary or the Director 
under this title.

APPLICATION TO PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND OFFICIAL MISSIONS 
                         TO SUCH ORGANIZATIONS

    Sec. 209.\210\ (a) The Secretary may make section 206, or 
any other provision of this title, applicable with respect to 
an international organization to the same extent that it is 
applicable with respect to a foreign mission if the Secretary 
determines that such application is necessary to carry out the 
policy set forth in section 201(b) and to further the 
objectives set forth in section 204(b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \210\ 22 U.S.C. 4309. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 209.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) For purposes of this section, ``international 
organization'' means--
          (1) a public international organization designated as 
        such pursuant to the International Organizations 
        Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288--288f-2) or a public 
        international organization created pursuant to a treaty 
        or other international agreement as an instrument 
        through or by which two or more foreign governments 
        engage in some aspect of their conduct of international 
        affairs; and
          (2) an official mission (other than a United States 
        mission) to such a public international organization,
including any real property of such an organization or mission 
and including the personnel of such an organization or mission.

   united states responsibilities for employees of the united nations

    Sec. 209A.\211\ (a) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \211\ 22 U.S.C. 4309a. Sec. 141 of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 423) 
added sec. 209A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) pursuant to the Agreement Between the United 
        States and the United Nations Regarding the 
        Headquarters of the United Nations (authorized by 
        Public Law 80-357 (22 U.S.C. 287 note)), the United 
        States has accepted--
                  (A) the obligation to permit and to 
                facilitate the right of individuals, who are 
                employed by or are authorized by the United 
                Nations to conduct official business in 
                connection with that organization or its 
                agencies, to enter into and exit from the 
                United States for purposes of conducting 
                official activities within the United Nations 
                Headquarters District, subject to regulation as 
                to points of entry and departure; and
                  (B) the implied obligation to permit and to 
                facilitate the acquisition of facilities in 
                order to conduct such activities within or in 
                proximity to the United Nations Headquarters 
                District, subject to reasonable regulation 
                including regulation of the location and size 
                of such facilities; and
          (2) taking into account paragraph (1) and consistent 
        with the obligation of the United States to facilitate 
        the functioning of the United Nations, the United 
        States has no additional obligation to permit the 
        conduct of any other activities, including nonofficial 
        activities, by such individuals outside of the United 
        Nations Headquarters District.
    (b) \212\ Activities of United Nations Employees.--(1) The 
conduct of any activities, or the acquisition of any benefits 
(as defined in section 201(a)(1) of this title), outside the 
United Nations Headquarters District by any individual employed 
by, or authorized by the United Nations to conduct official 
business in connection with that organization or its agencies, 
or by any person or agency acting on behalf thereof, may be 
permitted or denied or subject to reasonable regulation, as 
determined to be in the best interest of the United States and 
pursuant to this title.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \212\ Sec. 139(26) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 399), 
repealed para. (2) of subsec. (b). It had provided:
    ``(2) The Secretary shall apply to those employees of the United 
Nations Secretariat who are nationals of a foreign country or members 
of a foreign mission all terms, limitations, restrictions, and 
conditions which are applicable pursuant to this title to the members 
of that country's mission or of any other mission to the United Nations 
unless the Secretary determines and reports to the Congress that 
national security and foreign policy circumstances require that this 
paragraph be waived in specific circumstances.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) Reports.--The Secretary shall report to the Congress--
          (1) not later than 30 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this section, on the plans of the 
        Secretary for implementing this section; and
          (2) not later than 6 months thereafter, on the 
        actions taken pursuant to those plans.
    (d) United States Nationals.--This section shall not apply 
with respect to any United States national.
    (e) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``United Nations Headquarters District'' means the area within 
the United States which is agreed to by the United Nations and 
the United States to constitute such a district, together with 
such other areas as the Secretary of State may approve from 
time to time in order to permit effective functioning of the 
United Nations or missions to the United Nations.

                       PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES

    Sec. 210.\213\ Nothing in this title shall be construed to 
limit the authority of the United States to carry out its 
international obligations, or to supersede or limit immunities 
otherwise available by law. No act or omission by any foreign 
mission, public international organization, or official mission 
to such an organization, in compliance with this title shall be 
deemed to be an implied waiver of any immunity otherwise 
provided for by law.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \213\ 22 U.S.C. 4310. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 210.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              ENFORCEMENT

    Sec. 211.\214\ (a) It shall be unlawful for any person to 
make available any benefits to a foreign mission contrary to 
this title. The United States, acting on its own behalf or on 
behalf of a foreign mission, has standing to bring or intervene 
in an action to obtain compliance with this title, including 
any action for injunctive or other equitable relief.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \214\ 22 U.S.C. 4311. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 211.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Upon the request of any Federal agency, any State or 
local government agency, or any business or other person that 
proposes to enter into a contract or other transaction with a 
foreign mission, the Secretary shall advise whether the 
proposed transaction is prohibited by any regulation or 
determination of the Secretary under this title.

                        PRESIDENTIAL GUIDELINES

    Sec. 212.\215\ The authorities granted to the Secretary 
pursuant to the provisions of this title shall be exercised in 
accordance with procedures and guidelines approved by the 
President.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \215\ 22 U.S.C. 4312. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 212.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              SEVERABILITY

    Sec. 213.\216\ If any provision of this title or the 
application thereof to any person or circumstance is held 
invalid, the remainder of this title and the application of 
such provision to any other person or circumstance shall not be 
affected thereby.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \216\ 22 U.S.C. 4313. Sec. 202(b) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 
283) added sec. 213.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                   EXTRAORDINARY PROTECTIVE SERVICES

    Sec. 214.\217\ (a) General Authority.--The Secretary may 
provide extraordinary protective services for foreign missions 
directly, by contract, or through State or local authority to 
the extent deemed necessary by the Secretary in carrying out 
this title, except that the Secretary may not provide under 
this section any protective services for which authority exists 
to provide such services under sections 202(7) and 208 of title 
3, United States Code.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \217\ 22 U.S.C. 4314. Sec. 214 was added by sec. 126(a) of Public 
Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 417).
    The Secretary of State delegated functions authorized under this 
section to the Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security (Department 
of State Public Notice 2086; sec. 8 of Delegation of Authority No. 214; 
59 F.R. 50790).
    Sec. 139(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 397), repealed 
subsec. (c) of this section, which had provided:
    ``(c) Consultation With Congress Before Obligation of Funds.--Funds 
may be obligated under this section only after regulations to implement 
this section have been issued by the Secretary after consultation with 
appropriate committees of the Congress.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Requirement of Extraordinary Circumstances.--The 
Secretary may provide funds to a State or local authority for 
protective services under this section only if the Secretary 
has determined that a threat of violence, or other 
circumstances, exists which requires extraordinary security 
measures which exceed those which local law enforcement 
agencies can reasonably be expected to take.
    (d) Restrictions on Use of Funds.--Of the funds made 
available for obligation under this section in any fiscal 
year--
          (1) not more than 20 percent may be obligated for 
        protective services within any single State during that 
        year; and
          (2) not less than 15 percent shall be retained as a 
        reserve for protective services provided directly by 
        the Secretary or for expenditures in local 
        jurisdictions not otherwise covered by an agreement for 
        protective services under this section.
The limitations on funds available for obligation in this 
subsection shall not apply to unobligated funds during the 
final quarter of any fiscal year.
    (e) Period of Agreement With State or Local Authority.--Any 
agreement with a State or local authority for the provision of 
protective services under this section shall be for a period of 
not to exceed 90 days in any calendar year, but such agreements 
may be renewed after review by the Secretary.
    (f) Requirement for Appropriations.--Contracts may be 
entered into in carrying out this section only to such extent 
or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation 
Acts.
    (g) Working Capital Fund.--Amounts used to carry out this 
section shall not be subject to section 208(h).

 USE OF FOREIGN MISSION IN A MANNER INCOMPATIBLE WITH ITS STATUS AS A 
                            FOREIGN MISSION

    Sec. 215.\218\ (a) Establishment of Limitation on Certain 
Uses.--A foreign mission may not allow an unaffiliated alien 
the use of any premise of that foreign mission which is 
inviolable under United States law (including any treaty) for 
any purpose which is incompatible with its status as a foreign 
mission, including use as a residence.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \218\ 22 U.S.C. 4315. Sec. 128(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1343), added sec. 215. Sec. 128(b) of that Act established the 
effective date of sec. 215 as follows:
    ``(b) Effective Date.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to any foreign mission 
beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
    ``(2)(A) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply beginning 
6 months after the date of enactment of this Act with respect to any 
nonimmigrant alien who is using a foreign mission as a residence or a 
place of business on the date of enactment of this Act.
    ``(B) The Secretary of State may delay the effective date provided 
for in subparagraph (A) for not more than 6 months with respect to any 
nonimmigrant alien if the Secretary finds that a hardship to that alien 
would result from the implementation of subsection (a).''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Temporary Lodging.--For the purposes of this section, the 
term ``residence'' does not include such temporary lodging as 
may be permitted under regulations issued by the Secretary.
  (c) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive subsection (a) with 
respect to all foreign missions of a country (and may revoke 
such a waiver) 30 days after providing written notification of 
such a waiver, together with the reasons for such waiver (or 
revocation of such a waiver), to the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs \219\ of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \219\ Sec. 1(a)(5) of Public Law 104-14 (109 Stat. 186) provided 
that references to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a 
report to the Congress concerning the implementation of this 
section and shall submit such other reports to the Congress 
concerning changes in implementation as may be necessary.
  (e) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``foreign mission'' includes any 
        international organization as defined in section 
        209(b); and
          (2) the term ``unaffiliated alien'' means, with 
        respect to a foreign country, an alien who--
                  (A) is admitted to the United States as a 
                nonimmigrant, and
                  (B) is not a member, or a family member of a 
                member, of a foreign mission of that foreign 
                country.

 APPLICATION OF TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS TO PERSONNEL OF CERTAIN COUNTRIES 
                           AND ORGANIZATIONS

    Sec. 216.\220\ (a) Requirement for Restrictions.--The 
Secretary shall apply the same generally applicable 
restrictions to the travel while in the United States of the 
individuals described in subsection (b) as are applied under 
this title to the members of the missions of the Soviet Union 
in the United States.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \220\ 22 U.S.C. 4316. Sec. 162(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1357), added sec. 216. Sec. 162(b) of that Act made subsec. (a) 
of sec. 216 effective 90 days after enactment.
    Sec. 139(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 397), repealed 
subsec. (d) of this section, which had provided:
    ``(d) Reports.--The Secretary shall transmit to the Select 
Committee on Intelligence and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate, and to the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, not later 
than six months after the date of enactment of this section and not 
later than every six months thereafter, a report on the actions taken 
by the Secretary in carrying out this section during the previous six 
months.''.
    Sec. 103(c) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103-199; 107 Stat. 
2320), relating to statutory provisions applicable to the Soviet Union, 
provided the following:
    ``(c) Findings and Affirmation.--The Congress finds and affirms 
that provisions such as those described in this section, including--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(1) section 216 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 4316), * * *

``should not be construed as being directed against Russia, Ukraine, or the 
other independent states of the former Soviet Union, connoting an 
adversarial relationship between the United States and the independent 
states, or signifying or implying in any manner unfriendliness toward the 
independent states.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For complete list of related statutes, see sec. 103 of the 
FRIENDSHIP Act, in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. 
I-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Individuals Subject to Restrictions.--The restrictions 
required by subsection (a) shall be applied with respect to 
those individuals who (as determined by the Secretary) are--
          (1) the personnel of an international organization, 
        if the individual is a national of any foreign country 
        whose government engages in intelligence activities in 
        the United States that are harmful to the national 
        security of the United States;
          (2) the personnel of a mission to an international 
        organization, if that mission is the mission of a 
        foreign government that engages in intelligence 
        activities in the United States that are harmful to the 
        national security of the United States; or
          (3) the family members or dependents of an individual 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2);
and who are not nationals or permanent resident aliens of the 
United States.
  (c) Waivers.--The Secretary, after consultation with the 
Director of Central Intelligence and the Director of the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation, may waive application of the 
restrictions required by subsection (a) if the Secretary 
determines that the national security and foreign policy 
interests of the United States so require.
  (e) \220\ Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
          (1) the term ``generally applicable restrictions'' 
        means any limitations on the radius within which 
        unrestricted travel is permitted and obtaining travel 
        services through the auspices of the Office of Foreign 
        Missions for travel elsewhere, and does not include any 
        restrictions which unconditionally prohibit the members 
        of missions of the Soviet Union in the United States 
        from traveling to designated areas of the United States 
        and which are applied as a result of particular factors 
        in relations between the United States and the Soviet 
        Union.\221\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \221\ As enrolled. Should end with a semicolon.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) the term ``international organization'' means an 
        organization described in section 209(b)(1); and
          (3) the term ``personnel'' includes--
                  (A) officers, employees, and any other staff 
                member, and
                  (B) any individual who is retained under 
                contract or other arrangement to serve 
                functions similar to those of an officer, 
                employee, or other staff member.

        TITLE III--DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL PROPERTY ABROAD \222\

                              DEFINITIONS

    Sec. 301.\223\ For purposes of this title, the following 
terms have the following meanings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \222\ Sec. 186(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1366), added 
title III.
    \223\ 22 U.S.C. 4341. Sec. 186(b) of Public Law 100-204 (101 Stat. 
1366) made this section effective 180 days after enactment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) The term ``employee'' means an individual who is 
        under the jurisdiction of a chief of mission to a 
        foreign country (as provided under section 207 of the 
        Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3927)) and who 
        is--
                  (A) an employee as defined by section 2105 of 
                title 5, United States Code;
                  (B) an officer or employee of the United 
                States Postal Service or of the Postal Rate 
                Commission;
                  (C) a member of a uniformed service who is 
                not under the command of an area military 
                commander; or
                  (D) an expert or consultant as authorized 
                pursuant to section 3109 of title 5, United 
                States Code, with the United States or any 
                agency, department, or establishment thereof; 
                but is not a national or permanent resident of 
                the foreign country in which employed.
          (2) The term ``contractor'' means--
                  (A) an individual employed by personal 
                services contract pursuant to section 2(c) of 
                this Act (22 U.S.C. 2669(c)), section 636(a)(3) 
                of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
                U.S.C. 2396(a)(3)), or pursuant to other 
                similar authority, including, in the case of an 
                organization performing services under such 
                authority, an individual involved in the 
                performance of such services; and
                  (B) such other individuals or firms providing 
                goods or services by contract as are designated 
                by regulations issued pursuant to section 303;
        but does not include a contractor with or under the 
        supervision of an area military commander.
          (3) The term ``charitable contribution'' means a 
        contribution or gift as defined in section 170(c) of 
        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or other similar 
        contribution or gift to a bona fide charitable foreign 
        entity as determined pursuant to regulations or 
        policies issued pursuant to section 303.
          (4) The term ``chief of mission'' has the meaning 
        given such term by section 102(3) of the Foreign 
        Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 2902(3)).
          (5) The term ``foreign country'' means any country or 
        territory, excluding the United States, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the 
        Pacific Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Virgin 
        Islands, and other territories or possessions of the 
        United States.
          (6) The term ``personal property'' means any item of 
        personal property, including automobiles, computers, 
        boats, audio and video equipment, and any other items 
        acquired for personal use, but excluding items of 
        minimal value as determined by regulation or policy 
        issued pursuant to section 303.
          (7) The term ``profit'' means any proceeds (including 
        cash and other valuable consideration but not including 
        amounts of such proceeds given as charitable 
        contributions) for the sale, disposition, or assignment 
        of personal property in excess of the basis for such 
        property. For purposes of this title, basis shall 
        include initial price, inland and overseas 
        transportation costs (if not reimbursed by the United 
        States Government), shipping insurance, taxes, customs 
        fees, duties or other charges, and capital 
        improvements, but shall not include insurance on an 
        item while in use, or maintenance and related costs. 
        For purposes of computing profit, proceeds and costs 
        shall be valued in United States dollars at the time of 
        receipt or payment, at a rate of exchange as determined 
        by regulation or policy issued pursuant to section 303.

            LIMITATIONS ON DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL PROPERTY

    Sec. 302.\224\ (a) General Rule.--Except as authorized 
under subsection (b), employees or members of their family 
shall not sell, assign, or otherwise dispose of personal 
property within a foreign country which was imported into or 
purchased within that foreign country and which, by virtue of 
the official status of the employee, was exempt from import 
limitation, customs duties, or taxes which would otherwise 
apply.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \224\ 22 U.S.C. 4342. Sec. 186 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1368), added sec. 302. Sec. 186(b) of that Act made this section 
effective 180 days after enactment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Approval by Chief of Mission.--The chief of mission to a 
foreign country, or a designee of such chief of mission, is 
authorized to approve within that foreign country sales, 
assignment, or other dispositions of property by employees 
under the chief of mission's jurisdiction (as described in 
section 207 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3927)) to the extent that such sale, assignment, or other 
disposition is in accordance with regulations and policies, 
rules, and procedures issued pursuant to section 303.
  (c) Violation.--Violation of this section, or other 
importation, sale, or other disposition of personal property 
within a foreign country which violates its laws or regulations 
or governing international law and is prohibited by regulations 
and policies, rules, and procedures issued pursuant to section 
303, shall be grounds for disciplinary action against an 
employee.

                              REGULATIONS

    Sec. 303.\225\ (a) Issuance; Purpose.--The Secretary of 
State may issue regulations to carry out the purposes of this 
title. The primary purpose of such regulations and related 
policies, rules, and procedures shall be to assure that 
employees and members of their families do not profit 
personally from sales or other transactions with persons who 
are not themselves entitled to exemption from import 
restrictions, duties, or taxes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \225\ 22 U.S.C. 4343. Sec. 186 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 
Stat. 1368), added sec. 303. Sec. 186(b) of that Act made this section 
effective 180 days after enactment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Contractors.--Such regulations shall require that, to the 
extent contractors enjoy importation or tax privileges in a 
foreign country because of their contractual relationship to 
the United States Government, after the effective date of this 
title contracting agencies shall include provisions in their 
contracts to carry out the purpose of this title.
  (c) Chief of Mission.--In order to ensure that due account is 
taken of local conditions, including applicable laws, markets, 
exchange rate factors, and accommodation exchange facilities, 
such regulations may authorize the chief of mission to each 
foreign country to establish more detailed policies, rules, or 
procedures for the application of this title within that 
country to employees under the chief of mission's jurisdiction.

  TITLE IV--FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES HISTORICAL SERIES 
                                 \226\

SEC. 401.\227\ GENERAL AUTHORITY AND CONTENTS OF PUBLICATION.

  (a) Charter of the Publication.--The Department of State 
shall continue to publish the ``Foreign Relations of the United 
States historical series'' (hereafter in this title referred to 
as the ``FRUS series''), which shall be a thorough, accurate, 
and reliable documentary record of major United States foreign 
policy decisions and significant United States diplomatic 
activity. Volumes of this publication shall include all records 
needed to provide a comprehensive documentation of the major 
foreign policy decisions and actions of the United States 
Government, including the facts which contributed to the 
formulation of policies and records providing supporting and 
alternative views to the policy position ultimately adopted.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \226\ Sec. 198(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 685), added 
title IV.
    \227\ 22 U.S.C. 4351.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Editing Principles.--The editing of records for 
preparation of the FRUS series shall be guided by the 
principles of historical objectivity and accuracy. Records 
shall not be altered and deletions shall not be made without 
indicating in the published text that a deletion has been made. 
The published record shall omit no facts which were of major 
importance in reaching a decision, and nothing shall be omitted 
for the purpose of concealing a defect of policy.
  (c) \228\ Deadline for Publication of Records.--The Secretary 
of State shall ensure that the FRUS series shall be published 
not more than 30 years after the events recorded.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \228\ Sec. 198(c)(2)(A) and (B) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 691), required:
    ``(c) Compliance.-- * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(2)(A) In order to come into compliance with section 401(c) of the 
State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (as amended by this section) 
the Secretary of State shall ensure that, by the end of the 3-year period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, all volumes of the 
Foreign Relations of the United States historical series (FRUS) for the 
years that are more than 30 years before the end of that 3-year period have 
been published.

  ``(B) If the Secretary cannot reasonably meet the requirements of 
subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall notify the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
of Representatives and describe how the Department of State plans to meet 
the requirements of subparagraph (A). In no event shall volumes subject to 
subparagraph (A) be published later than 5 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.''.

SEC. 402.\229\ RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREPARATION OF THE FRUS SERIES.

  (a) In General.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \229\ 22 U.S.C. 4352.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1)(A) The Historian of the Department of State shall 
        be responsible for the preparation of the FRUS series, 
        including the selection of records, in accordance with 
        the provisions of this title.
          (B) The Advisory Committee on Historical Diplomatic 
        Documentation shall review records, and shall advise 
        and make recommendations to the Historian concerning 
        all aspects of preparation and publication of the FRUS 
        series, including, in accordance with the procedures 
        contained in section 403, the review and selection of 
        records for inclusion in volumes of the series.
          (2) Other departments, agencies, and other entities 
        of the United States Government shall cooperate with 
        the Office of the Historian by providing full and 
        complete access to the records pertinent to United 
        States foreign policy decisions and actions and by 
        providing copies of selected records in accordance with 
        the procedures developed under section 403, except that 
        no access to any record, and no provision of any copy 
        of a record, shall be required in the case of any 
        record that was prepared less than 26 years before the 
        date of a request for such access or copy made by the 
        Office of the Historian.
  (b) National Archives and Records Administration.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the 
requirement for the National Archives and Records 
Administration to provide access to, and copies of, records to 
the Department of State for the FRUS series shall be governed 
by chapter 21 of title 44, United States Code, by any agreement 
concluded between the Department of State and the National 
Archives and Records Administration, and, in the case of 
Presidential records, by section 2204 of such title.

SEC. 403.\230\ PROCEDURES FOR IDENTIFYING RECORDS FOR THE FRUS SERIES; 
                    DECLASSIFICATION, REVISIONS, AND SUMMARIES.

  (a) Development of Procedures.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of this title, each department, agency, 
or other entity of the United States Government engaged in 
foreign policy formulation, execution, or support shall develop 
procedures for its historical office (or a designated 
individual in the event that there is no historical office)--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \230\ 22 U.S.C. 4353.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) to coordinate with the State Department's Office 
        of the Historian in selecting records for possible 
        inclusion in the FRUS series;
          (2) to permit full access to the original, unrevised 
        records by such individuals holding appropriate 
        security clearances as have been designated by the 
        Historian as liaison to that department, agency, or 
        entity, for purposes of this title, and by members of 
        the Advisory Committee; and
          (3) to permit access to specific types of records not 
        selected for inclusion in the FRUS series by the 
        individuals identified in paragraph (2) when requested 
        by the Historian in order to confirm that records 
        selected by that department, agency, or entity 
        accurately represent the policymaking process reflected 
        in the relevant part of the FRUS series.
  (b) Declassification Review.--
          (1) Subject to the provisions of this subsection, 
        records selected by the Historian for inclusion in the 
        FRUS series shall be submitted to the respective 
        originating agency for declassification review in 
        accordance with that agency's procedures for such 
        review, except that such declassification review shall 
        be completed by the originating agency within 120 days 
        after such records are submitted for review. If the 
        originating agency determines that any such record is 
        not declassifiable because of a continuing need to 
        protect sources and methods for the collection of 
        intelligence information or to protect other sensitive 
        national security information, then the originating 
        agency shall attempt to make such deletions in the text 
        as will make the record declassifiable.
          (2) If the Historian determines that the meaning of 
        the records proposed for inclusion in a volume of the 
        FRUS series would be so altered or changed by deletions 
        made under paragraph (1) that publication in that 
        condition could be misleading or lead to an inaccurate 
        or incomplete historical record, then the Historian 
        shall take steps to achieve a satisfactory resolution 
        of the problem with the originating agency. Within 60 
        days of receiving a proposed solution from the 
        Historian, the originating agency shall furnish the 
        Historian a written response agreeing to the solution 
        or explaining the reasons for the alteration or 
        deletion.
          (3) The Historian shall inform the Advisory Committee 
        of any failure by an originating agency to complete its 
        declassification review of a record within 120 days and 
        of any steps taken under paragraph (2).
          (4) If the Advisory Committee determines that the 
        meaning of the records proposed for inclusion in a 
        volume of the FRUS series would be so altered or 
        changed by deletions made under paragraph (1), or if 
        the Advisory Committee determines as a result of 
        inspection of other documents under subsection (a)(3) 
        that the selection of documents could be misleading or 
        lead to an inaccurate or incomplete historical record, 
        then the Advisory Committee shall so advise the 
        Secretary of State and submit recommendations to 
        resolve the issue.
          (5)(A) The Advisory Committee shall have full and 
        complete access to the original text of any record in 
        which deletions have been made. In the event that the 
        head of any originating agency considers it necessary 
        to deny access by the Advisory Committee to the 
        original text of any record, that agency head shall 
        promptly notify the Advisory Committee in writing, 
        describing the nature of the record in question and the 
        justification for withholding that record.
          (B) The Historian shall provide the Advisory 
        Committee with a complete list of the records described 
        in subparagraph (A).
          (6) If a record is deleted in whole or in part as a 
        result of review under this subsection then a note to 
        that effect shall be inserted at the appropriate place 
        in the FRUS volume.

SEC. 404.\231\ DECLASSIFICATION OF STATE DEPARTMENT RECORDS.

  (a) Deadline for Declassification.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \231\ 22 U.S.C. 4354. Sec. 198(c)(1) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 
Stat. 691), required:
    ``(c) Compliance.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(1) The Secretary of State shall ensure that the requirements of 
section 404 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (as 
amended by this section) are met not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of this Act. If the Secretary cannot reasonably meet the 
requirements of such section, he shall so notify the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
of Representatives, and describe how the Department of State intends to 
meet the requirements of that section. In no event shall full compliance 
with the requirements of such section take place later than 2 years after 
the date of enactment of this Act.''.

          (1) Except as provided in subsection (b), each 
        classified record of permanent historical value (as 
        determined by the Secretary of State and the Archivist 
        of the United States) which was published, issued, or 
        otherwise prepared by the Department of State (or any 
        officer or employee thereof acting in an official 
        capacity) shall be declassified not later than 30 years 
        after the record was prepared, shall be transferred to 
        the National Archives and Records Administration, and 
        shall be made available at the National Archives for 
        public inspection and copying.
          (2) Nothing in this subsection may be construed to 
        require the declassification of a record wholly 
        prepared by a foreign government.
  (b) Exempted Records.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to any 
record (or portion thereof) the publication of which the 
Secretary of State, in coordination with any agency that 
originated information in the records, determines--
          (1) would compromise weapons technology important to 
        the national defense of the United States or reveal 
        sensitive information relating to the design of United 
        States or foreign military equipment or relating to 
        United States cryptologic systems or activities;
          (2) would disclose the names or identities of living 
        persons who provided confidential information to the 
        United States and would pose a substantial risk of harm 
        to such persons;
          (3) would demonstrably impede current diplomatic 
        negotiations or other ongoing official activities of 
        the United States Government or would demonstrably 
        impair the national security of the United States; or
          (4) would disclose matters that are related solely to 
        the internal personnel rules and practices of the 
        Department of State or are contained in personnel, 
        medical, or similar files the disclosure of which would 
        constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal 
        privacy.
  (c) Review.--
          (1) The Advisory Committee shall review--
                  (A) the State Department's declassification 
                procedures,
                  (B) all guidelines used in declassification, 
                including those guidelines provided to the 
                National Archives and Records Administration 
                which are in effect on the date of enactment of 
                this title, and
                  (C) by random sampling, records 
                representative of all Department of State 
                records published, issued, or otherwise 
                prepared by the Department of State that remain 
                classified after 30 years.
          (2) In the event that the Secretary of State 
        considers it necessary to deny access to records under 
        paragraph (1)(C), the Secretary shall notify the 
        Advisory Committee in writing, describing the nature of 
        the records in question and the justification for 
        withholding them.
  (d) \232\ Annual Reports by the Advisory Committee.--The 
Advisory Committee shall annually submit to the Secretary of 
State and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
and the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives \233\ a report setting forth its findings from 
the review conducted under subsection (c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \232\ Sec. 205(a)(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1363), struck out 
``Reporting Requirement'' and inserted in lieu thereof ``Annual Reports 
by the Advisory Committee''.
    \233\ Sec. 205(a)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1363), inserted ``and 
to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee 
on International Relations of the House of Representatives'' after 
``Secretary of State''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (e) \234\ Annual Reports by the Secretary.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \234\ Sec. 205(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1363), amended and 
restated subsec. (e), which previously required a one-time report of 
the Secretary of State on compliance and procedures related to the 
section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--Not later than March 1 of each year, 
        the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
        International Relations of the House of Representatives 
        on the compliance of the Department of State with the 
        provisions of this title, including--
                  (A) the volumes published in the previous 
                calendar year;
                  (B) the degree to which the Department is not 
                in compliance with the deadline set forth in 
                section 401(c); and
                  (C) the factors relevant to the inability of 
                the Department to comply with the provisions of 
                this title, including section 401(c).
          (2) Form of reports.--Each report required to be 
        submitted by paragraph (1) shall be submitted in 
        unclassified form, together with a classified annex if 
        necessary.

SEC. 405.\235\ RELATIONSHIP TO THE PRIVACY ACT AND THE FREEDOM OF 
                    INFORMATION ACT.

  (a) Privacy Act.--Nothing in this title may be construed as 
requiring the public disclosure of records or portions of 
records protected under section 552a of title 5, United States 
Code (relating to the privacy of personal records).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \235\ 22 U.S.C. 4355.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (b) Freedom of Information Act.--
          (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no record 
        (or portion thereof) shall be excluded from publication 
        in the FRUS series under section 403, or exempted from 
        the declassification requirement of section 404, solely 
        by virtue of the application of section 552(b) of title 
        5, United States Code (relating to the exemption of 
        certain matters from freedom of information 
        requirements).
          (2) Records described in section 222(f) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (relating to visa 
        records) shall be excluded from publication in the FRUS 
        series under section 403 and, to the extent applicable, 
        exempted from the declassification requirement of 
        section 404.

SEC. 406.\236\ ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

  (a) \237\ Establishment.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \236\ 22 U.S.C. 4356.
    \237\ Functions vested in the Secretary of State in this subsection 
were further delegated to the Under Secretary for Management by 
Delegation of Authority No. 193, January 7, 1992 (Public Notice 1555; 
57 F.R. 2298; January 21, 1992).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) There is established on a permanent basis the 
        Advisory Committee on Historical Diplomatic 
        Documentation for the Department of State. The 
        activities of the Advisory Committee shall be 
        coordinated by the Office of the Historian of the 
        Department of State.
          (2) The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 9 
        members and an executive secretary. The Historian shall 
        serve as executive secretary.
          (3)(A) The members of the Advisory Committee shall be 
        appointed by the Secretary of State from among 
        distinguished historians, political scientists, 
        archivists, international lawyers, and other social 
        scientists who have a demonstrable record of 
        substantial research pertaining to the foreign 
        relations of the United States. No officer or employee 
        of the United States Government shall be appointed to 
        the Advisory Committee.
          (B)(i) Six members of the Advisory Committee shall be 
        appointed from lists of individuals nominated by the 
        American Historical Association, the Organization of 
        American Historians, the American Political Science 
        Association, Society of American Archivists, the 
        American Society of International Law, and the Society 
        for Historians of American Foreign Relations. One 
        member shall be appointed from each list.
          (ii) If an organization does not submit a list of 
        nominees under clause (i) in a timely fashion, the 
        Secretary of State shall make an appointment from among 
        the nominees on other lists.
  (b) Terms of Service for Appointments.--
          (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), members of 
        the Advisory Committee shall be appointed for terms of 
        three years.
          (2) Of the members first appointed, as designated by 
        the Secretary of State at the time of their appointment 
        (after consultation with the appropriate organizations) 
        three shall be appointed for terms of one year, three 
        shall be appointed for terms of two years, and three 
        shall be appointed for terms of three years.
          (3) Each term of service under paragraph (1) shall 
        begin on September 1 of the year in which the 
        appointment is made.
          (4) A vacancy in the membership of the Advisory 
        Committee shall be filled in the same manner as 
        provided under this subsection to make the original 
        appointment. A member appointed to fill a vacancy 
        occurring before the expiration of a term shall serve 
        for the remainder of that term. A member may continue 
        to serve when his or her term expires until a successor 
        is appointed. A member may be appointed to a new term 
        upon the expiration of his or her term.
  (c) Selection of Chairperson.--The Advisory Committee shall 
select, from among its members, a chairperson to serve a term 
of 1 year. A chairperson may be reelected upon expiration of 
his or her term as chairperson.
  (d) Meetings.--A majority of the members of the Advisory 
Committee shall constitute a quorum. The Advisory Committee 
shall meet at least quarterly or as frequently as may be 
necessary to carry out its duties.
  (e) Security Clearances.--
          (1) All members of the Advisory Committee shall be 
        granted the necessary security clearances, subject to 
        the standard procedures for granting such clearances.
          (2) For purposes of any law or regulation governing 
        access to classified records, a member of the Advisory 
        Committee seeking access under this paragraph to a 
        record shall be deemed to have a need to know.
  (f) Compensation.--
          (1) Members of the Advisory Committee--
                  (A) shall each receive compensation at a rate 
                of not to exceed the daily equivalent of the 
                annual rate of basic pay payable for positions 
                at GS-15 of the General Schedule under section 
                5332 of title 5, United States Code, for each 
                day such member is engaged in the actual 
                performance of the duties of the Advisory 
                Committee; and
                  (B) shall be allowed travel expenses, 
                including per diem in lieu of subsistence at 
                rates authorized for employees of agencies 
                under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, 
                United States Code, while away from their homes 
                or regular places of business in the 
                performance of services of the Advisory 
                Committee.
          (2) The Secretary of State is authorized to provide 
        for necessary secretarial and staff assistance for the 
        Advisory Committee.
          (3) The Federal Advisory Committee Act shall not 
        apply to the Advisory Committee to the extent that the 
        provisions of this title are inconsistent with that 
        Act.

SEC. 407.\238\ DEFINITIONS.

  For purposes of this title--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \238\ 22 U.S.C. 4357.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) the term ``Advisory Committee'' means the 
        Advisory Committee on Historical Diplomatic 
        Documentation for the Department of State;
          (2) the term ``Historian'' means the Historian of the 
        Department of State or any successor officer of the 
        Department of State responsible for carrying out the 
        functions of the Office of the Historian, Bureau of 
        Public Affairs, of the Department of State, as in 
        effect on the date of enactment of this title;
          (3) the term ``originating agency'' means, with 
        respect to a record, the department, agency, or entity 
        of the United States (or any officer or employee 
        thereof of acting in his official capacity) that 
        originates, develops, publishes, issues, or otherwise 
        prepares that record or receives that record from 
        outside the United States Government; and
          (4) the term ``record'' includes any written material 
        (including any document, memorandum, correspondence, 
        statistical data, book, or other papers), map, 
        photograph, machine readable material, or other 
        documentary material, regardless of physical form or 
        characteristics, made or received by an agency of the 
        United States Government under Federal law or in 
        connection with the transaction of public business and 
        preserved or appropriate for preservation by that 
        agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the 
        organization, functions, policies, decisions, 
        procedures, operations, or other activities of the 
        Government or because of the informational value in 
        them, and such term does not include library or museum 
        material made or acquired and preserved solely for 
        reference or exhibition purposes, any extra copy of a 
        document preserved only for convenience of reference, 
        or any stocks of publications or of processed 
        documents.
             c. 9/11 Commission Implementation Act of 2004

  Title VII of Public Law 108-458 [Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004; S. 2845], 118 Stat. 3638, approved December 17, 
                                  2004

 AN ACT To reform the intelligence community and the intelligence and 
 intelligence-related activities of the United States Government, and 
                          for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of 
Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled,
          * * * * * * *

TITLE VII--TITLE VII--IMPLEMENTATION OF 9/11 COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS

SEC. 7001.\1\ SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``9/11 Commission 
Implementation Act of 2004''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 6 U.S.C. 101 note. See also in this volume, legislation and 
Executive Orders related to diplomatic security and anti-terrorism, 
beginning at page 1020.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Subtitle A--Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, and the Military in the War on 
                               Terrorism

SEC. 7101.\2\ FINDINGS.

    Consistent with the report of the National Commission on 
Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Congress makes the 
following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Long-term success in the war on terrorism demands 
        the use of all elements of national power, including 
        diplomacy, military action, intelligence, covert 
        action, law enforcement, economic policy, foreign aid, 
        public diplomacy, and homeland defense.
          (2) To win the war on terrorism, the United States 
        must assign to economic and diplomatic capabilities the 
        same strategic priority that is assigned to military 
        capabilities.
          (3) The legislative and executive branches of the 
        Government of the United States must commit to robust, 
        long-term investments in all of the tools necessary for 
        the foreign policy of the United States to successfully 
        accomplish the goals of the United States.
          (4) The investments referred to in paragraph (3) will 
        require increased funding to United States foreign 
        affairs programs in general, and to priority areas as 
        described in this title in particular.

SEC. 7102.\3\ TERRORIST SANCTUARIES.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ 22 U.S.C. 2656f note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Complex terrorist operations require locations 
        that provide such operations sanctuary from 
        interference by Government or law enforcement 
        personnel.
          (2) A terrorist sanctuary existed in Afghanistan 
        before September 11, 2001.
          (3) The terrorist sanctuary in Afghanistan provided 
        direct and indirect value to members of al Qaeda who 
        participated in the terrorist attacks on the United 
        States on September 11, 2001, and in other terrorist 
        operations.
          (4) Terrorist organizations have fled to some of the 
        least governed and most lawless places in the world to 
        find sanctuary.
          (5) During the 21st century, terrorists are often 
        focusing on remote regions and failing states as 
        locations to seek sanctuary.
    (b) Sense of Congress on United States Policy on Terrorist 
Sanctuaries.--It is the sense of Congress that it should be the 
policy of the United States--
          (1) to identify foreign countries that are being used 
        as terrorist sanctuaries;
          (2) to assess current United States resources and 
        tools being used to assist foreign governments to 
        eliminate such sanctuaries;
          (3) to develop and implement a coordinated strategy 
        to prevent terrorists from using such foreign countries 
        as sanctuaries; and
          (4) to work in bilateral and multilateral fora to 
        elicit the cooperation needed to identify and address 
        terrorist sanctuaries that may exist today, but, so 
        far, remain unknown to governments.
    (c) Amendments to Existing Law To Include Terrorist 
Sanctuaries.--
          (1) In general.--Section 6(j) of the Export 
        Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)) is 
        amended--\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. III.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) by redesignating paragraph (5) as 
                paragraph (6); and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                following:
          ``(5)(A) As used in paragraph (1), the term 
        `repeatedly provided support for acts of international 
        terrorism' shall include the recurring use of any part 
        of the territory of the country as a sanctuary for 
        terrorists or terrorist organizations.
          ``(B) In this paragraph--
                  ``(i) the term `territory of a country' means 
                the land, waters, and airspace of the country; 
                and
                  ``(ii) the term `sanctuary' means an area in 
                the territory of a country--
                          ``(I) that is used by a terrorist or 
                        terrorist organization--
                                  ``(aa) to carry out terrorist 
                                activities, including training, 
                                financing, and recruitment; or
                                  ``(bb) as a transit point; 
                                and
                          ``(II) the government of which 
                        expressly consents to, or with 
                        knowledge, allows, tolerates, or 
                        disregards such use of its 
                        territory.''.
          (2) \5\ Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection or the amendments made by this subsection 
        shall be construed as affecting any determination made 
        by the Secretary of State pursuant to section 6(j) of 
        the Export Administration Act of 1979 with respect to a 
        country prior to the date of enactment of this Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ 50 U.S.C. app. 2405 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3) \5\ Implementation.--The President shall 
        implement the amendments made by paragraph (1) by 
        exercising the authorities of the President under the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
        1701 et seq.).
    (d) \6\ Amendments to Global Patterns of Terrorism 
Report.--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\ For text of sec. 140 of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989, as amended, see beginning at page 516.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) \7\ Effective date.--The amendments made by this 
        subsection apply with respect to the report required to 
        be transmitted under section 140 of the Foreign 
        Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 
        (22 U.S.C. 2656f), by April 30, 2006, and by April 30 
        of each subsequent year.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ 22 U.S.C. 2656f note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 7103. UNITED STATES COMMITMENT TO THE FUTURE OF PAKISTAN.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) The Government of Pakistan has a critical role to 
        perform in the struggle against terrorism.
          (2) Due to its location, topography, social 
        conditions, and other factors, Pakistan can be 
        attractive to extremists seeking refuge or 
        opportunities to recruit or train, or a place from 
        which to operate against Coalition Forces in 
        Afghanistan.
          (3) A stable Pakistan, with a moderate, responsible 
        government that serves as a voice of tolerance in the 
        Muslim world, is critical to stability in the region.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the United States should--
          (1) help to ensure a promising, stable, and secure 
        future for Pakistan over the long term;
          (2) provide a comprehensive program of assistance to 
        encourage and enable Pakistan--
                  (A) to continue and improve upon its 
                commitment to combating extremists;
                  (B) to seek to resolve any outstanding 
                difficulties with its neighbors and other 
                countries in its region;
                  (C) to continue to make efforts to fully 
                control its territory and borders;
                  (D) to progress toward becoming a more 
                effective and participatory democracy;
                  (E) to participate more vigorously in the 
                global marketplace and to continue to modernize 
                its economy;
                  (F) to take all necessary steps to halt the 
                spread of weapons of mass destruction;
                  (G) to improve and expand access to education 
                for all citizens; and
                  (H) to increase the number and level of 
                exchanges between the Pakistani people and the 
                American people; and
          (3) continue to provide assistance to Pakistan at not 
        less than the overall levels requested by the President 
        for fiscal year 2005.
    (c) Extension of Pakistan Waivers.--The Act entitled ``An 
Act to authorize the President to exercise waivers of foreign 
assistance restrictions with respect to Pakistan through 
September 30, 2003, and for other purposes'', approved October 
27, 2001 (Public Law 107-57; 115 Stat. 403), as amended by 
section 2213 of the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act 
for Defense and for the Reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan, 
2004 (Public Law 108-106; 117 Stat. 1232), is further amended--
* * * \8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. I-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 7104.\9\ ASSISTANCE FOR AFGHANISTAN. * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ 22 U.S.C. 7501 note. Freestanding text of sec. 7104, the 
Afghanistan Freedom Support Act Amendments of 2004, may be found in 
Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-A. Sec. 7104 also 
amended the Afghanistan Freedom Support Act of 2002, for amended text 
see vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 7105. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND SAUDI ARABIA.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) Despite a long history of friendly relations with 
        the United States, there have been problems in 
        cooperation between the United States and Saudi Arabia.
          (2) The Government of Saudi Arabia has not always 
        responded promptly or fully to United States requests 
        for assistance in the global war on Islamist terrorism.
          (3) The Government of Saudi Arabia has not done all 
        it can to prevent financial or other support from being 
        provided to, or reaching, extremist organizations in 
        Saudi Arabia or other countries.
          (4) Counterterrorism cooperation between the 
        Governments of the United States and Saudi Arabia has 
        improved significantly since the terrorist bombing 
        attacks in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, on May 12, 2003, and 
        the Government of Saudi Arabia is now pursuing al Qaeda 
        and other terror groups operating inside Saudi Arabia.
          (5) The United States must enhance its cooperation 
        and strong relationship with Saudi Arabia based upon a 
        shared and public commitment to political and economic 
        reform, greater tolerance and respect for religious and 
        cultural diversity and joint efforts to prevent funding 
        for and support of extremist organizations in Saudi 
        Arabia and elsewhere.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
there should be a more robust dialogue between the people and 
Government of the United States and the people and Government 
of Saudi Arabia in order to improve the relationship between 
the United States and Saudi Arabia.

SEC. 7106. EFFORTS TO COMBAT ISLAMIST TERRORISM.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) While support for the United States has plummeted 
        in the Islamic world, many negative views are 
        uninformed, at best, and, at worst, are informed by 
        coarse stereotypes and caricatures.
          (2) Local newspapers in countries with predominantly 
        Muslim populations and influential broadcasters who 
        reach Muslim audiences through satellite television 
        often reinforce the idea that the people and Government 
        of the United States are anti-Muslim.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) the Government of the United States should offer 
        an example of moral leadership in the world that 
        includes a commitment to treat all people humanely, 
        abide by the rule of law, and be generous to the people 
        and governments of other countries;
          (2) the United States should cooperate with 
        governments of countries with predominantly Muslim 
        populations to foster agreement on respect for human 
        dignity and opportunity, and to offer a vision of a 
        better future that includes stressing life over death, 
        individual educational and economic opportunity, 
        widespread political participation, contempt for 
        violence, respect for the rule of law, openness in 
        discussing differences, and tolerance for opposing 
        points of view;
          (3) the United States should encourage reform, 
        freedom, democracy, and opportunity for Muslims; and
          (4) the United States should work to defeat extremism 
        in all its form, especially in nations with 
        predominantly Muslim populations by providing 
        assistance to governments, non-governmental 
        organizations, and individuals who promote 
        modernization.

SEC. 7107. UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD DICTATORSHIPS.

    (a) Finding.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress finds that short-term gains enjoyed by the United 
States through cooperation with repressive dictatorships have 
often been outweighed by long-term setbacks for the stature and 
interests of the United States.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) United States foreign policy should promote the 
        importance of individual educational and economic 
        opportunity, encourage widespread political 
        participation, condemn violence, and promote respect 
        for the rule of law, openness in discussing differences 
        among people, and tolerance for opposing points of 
        view; and
          (2) the United States Government must encourage the 
        governments of all countries with predominantly Muslim 
        populations, including those that are friends and 
        allies of the United States, to promote the value of 
        life and the importance of individual education and 
        economic opportunity, encourage widespread political 
        participation, condemn violence and promote the rule of 
        law, openness in discussing differences among people, 
        and tolerance for opposing points of view.

SEC. 7108.\10\ PROMOTION OF FREE MEDIA AND OTHER AMERICAN VALUES.

    (a) Promotion of United States Values Through Broadcast 
Media.--
          (1) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the 
        National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the 
        United States, Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\ 22 U.S.C. 1431 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) Although the United States has 
                demonstrated and promoted its values in 
                defending Muslims against tyrants and criminals 
                in Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and 
                Iraq, this message is neither convincingly 
                presented nor widely understood.
                  (B) If the United States does not act to 
                vigorously define its message in countries with 
                predominantly Muslim populations, the image of 
                the United States will be defined by Islamic 
                extremists who seek to demonize the United 
                States.
                  (C) Recognizing that many Muslim audiences 
                rely on satellite television and radio, the 
                United States Government has launched promising 
                initiatives in television and radio 
                broadcasting to the Islamic world, including 
                Iran and Afghanistan.
          (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that--
                  (A) the United States must do more to defend 
                and promote its values and ideals to the 
                broadest possible audience in countries with 
                predominantly Muslim populations;
                  (B) United States efforts to defend and 
                promote these values and ideals are beginning 
                to ensure that accurate expressions of these 
                values reach large Muslim audiences and should 
                be robustly supported;
                  (C) the United States Government could and 
                should do more to engage Muslim audiences in 
                the struggle of ideas; and
                  (D) the United States Government should more 
                intensively employ existing broadcast media in 
                the Islamic world as part of this engagement.
    (b) Enhancing Free and Independent Media.--
          (1) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
                  (A) Freedom of speech and freedom of the 
                press are fundamental human rights.
                  (B) The United States has a national interest 
                in promoting these freedoms by supporting free 
                media abroad, which is essential to the 
                development of free and democratic societies 
                consistent with our own.
                  (C) Free media is undermined, endangered, or 
                nonexistent in many repressive and transitional 
                societies around the world, including in 
                Eurasia, Africa, and the Middle East.
                  (D) Individuals lacking access to a plurality 
                of free media are vulnerable to misinformation 
                and propaganda and are potentially more likely 
                to adopt anti-United States views.
                  (E) Foreign governments have a responsibility 
                to actively and publicly discourage and rebut 
                unprofessional and unethical media while 
                respecting journalistic integrity and editorial 
                independence.
          (2) Statement of policy.--It shall be the policy of 
        the United States, acting through the Secretary of 
        State, to--
                  (A) ensure that the promotion of freedom of 
                the press and freedom of media worldwide is a 
                priority of United States foreign policy and an 
                integral component of United States public 
                diplomacy;
                  (B) respect the journalistic integrity and 
                editorial independence of free media worldwide; 
                and
                  (C) ensure that widely accepted standards for 
                professional and ethical journalistic and 
                editorial practices are employed when assessing 
                international media.
    (c) Establishment of Media Network.--
          (1) Grants for establishment of network.--The 
        Secretary of State shall, utilizing amounts authorized 
        to be appropriated by subsection (e)(2), make grants to 
        the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) under the 
        National Endowment for Democracy Act (22 U.S.C. 4411 et 
        seq.) for utilization by the Endowment to provide 
        funding to a private sector group to establish and 
        manage a free and independent media network as 
        specified in paragraph (2).
          (2) Media network.--The media network established 
        using funds under paragraph (1) shall provide an 
        effective forum to convene a broad range of 
        individuals, organizations, and governmental 
        participants involved in journalistic activities and 
        the development of free and independent media in order 
        to--
                  (A) fund a clearinghouse to collect and share 
                information concerning international media 
                development and training;
                  (B) improve research in the field of media 
                assistance and program evaluation to better 
                inform decisions regarding funding and program 
                design for government and private donors;
                  (C) explore the most appropriate use of 
                existing means to more effectively encourage 
                the involvement of the private sector in the 
                field of media assistance; and
                  (D) identify effective methods for the 
                development of a free and independent media in 
                societies in transition.
    (d) Authorizations of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated for each of fiscal years 2005 and 2006, 
        unless otherwise authorized by Congress, such sums as 
        may be necessary to carry out United States Government 
        broadcasting activities consistent with this section 
        under the United States Information and Educational 
        Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.), the 
        United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 
        (22 U.S.C. 6201 et seq.), and the Foreign Affairs 
        Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6501 et 
        seq.), and to carry out other activities under this 
        section consistent with the purposes of such Acts, 
        unless otherwise authorized by Congress.
          (2) Grants for media network.--In addition to the 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated under paragraph 
        (1), there are authorized to be appropriated for each 
        of fiscal years 2005 and 2006, unless otherwise 
        authorized by Congress, such sums as may be necessary 
        for grants under subsection (c)(1) for the 
        establishment of the media network described in 
        subsection (c)(2).

SEC. 7109.\11\ PUBLIC DIPLOMACY RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    STATE.

    (a) * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \11\ Sec. 7109(a) and (b)(1) added a new sec. 60 to the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, relating to public diplomatic 
responsibilities of the Department of State. See secs. 1 and 60 of that 
Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Functions of the Under Secretary of State for Public 
Diplomacy.--
          (1) Amendment.--* * *
          (2) Consultation.--The Under Secretary of State for 
        Public Diplomacy, in carrying out the responsibilities 
        described in section 1(b)(3) of such Act (as amended by 
        paragraph (1)), shall consult with public diplomacy 
        officers operating at United States overseas posts and 
        in the regional bureaus of the Department of State.

SEC. 7110.\12\ PUBLIC DIPLOMACY TRAINING.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--The following should be the 
policy of the United States:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \12\ 22 U.S.C. 3922b.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) The Foreign Service should recruit individuals 
        with expertise and professional experience in public 
        diplomacy.
          (2) United States chiefs of mission should have a 
        prominent role in the formulation of public diplomacy 
        strategies for the countries and regions to which they 
        are assigned and should be accountable for the 
        operation and success of public diplomacy efforts at 
        their posts.
          (3) Initial and subsequent training of Foreign 
        Service officers should be enhanced to include 
        information and training on public diplomacy and the 
        tools and technology of mass communication.
    (b) Personnel.--
          (1) Qualifications.--In the recruitment, training, 
        and assignment of members of the Foreign Service, the 
        Secretary of State--
                  (A) should emphasize the importance of public 
                diplomacy and applicable skills and techniques;
                  (B) should consider the priority recruitment 
                into the Foreign Service, including at middle-
                level entry, of individuals with expertise and 
                professional experience in public diplomacy, 
                mass communications, or journalism; and
                  (C) shall give special consideration to 
                individuals with language facility and 
                experience in particular countries and regions.
          (2) Languages of special interest.--The Secretary of 
        State shall seek to increase the number of Foreign 
        Service officers proficient in languages spoken in 
        countries with predominantly Muslim populations. Such 
        increase should be accomplished through the recruitment 
        of new officers and incentives for officers in service.
    (c) Public Diplomacy Suggested for Promotion in Foreign 
Service.--Section 603(b) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4003(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following: 
``The precepts for selection boards shall include, whether the 
member of the Service or the member of the Senior Foreign 
Service, as the case may be, has demonstrated--
          (1) a willingness and ability to explain United 
        States policies in person and through the media when 
        occupying positions for which such willingness and 
        ability is, to any degree, an element of the member's 
        duties, or
          (2) other experience in public diplomacy.\13\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \13\ As enrolled. Should probably close quote at this point.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 7111. PROMOTING DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS AT INTERNATIONAL 
                    ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Support and Expansion of Democracy Caucus.--
          (1) In general.--The President, acting through the 
        Secretary of State and the relevant United States 
        chiefs of mission, should--
                  (A) continue to strongly support and seek to 
                expand the work of the democracy caucus at the 
                United Nations General Assembly and the United 
                Nations Human Rights Commission; and
                  (B) seek to establish a democracy caucus at 
                the United Nations Conference on Disarmament 
                and at other broad-based international 
                organizations.
          (2) Purposes of the caucus.--A democracy caucus at an 
        international organization should--
                  (A) forge common positions, including, as 
                appropriate, at the ministerial level, on 
                matters of concern before the organization and 
                work within and across regional lines to 
                promote agreed positions;
                  (B) work to revise an increasingly outmoded 
                system of membership selection, regional 
                voting, and decisionmaking; and
                  (C) establish a rotational leadership 
                agreement to provide member countries an 
                opportunity, for a set period of time, to serve 
                as the designated president of the caucus, 
                responsible for serving as its voice in each 
                organization.
    (b) Leadership and Membership of International 
Organizations.--The President, acting through the Secretary of 
State, the relevant United States chiefs of mission, and, where 
appropriate, the Secretary of the Treasury, should use the 
voice, vote, and influence of the United States to--
          (1) where appropriate, reform the criteria for 
        leadership and, in appropriate cases, for membership, 
        at all United Nations bodies and at other international 
        organizations and multilateral institutions to which 
        the United States is a member so as to exclude 
        countries that violate the principles of the specific 
        organization;
          (2) make it a policy of the United Nations and other 
        international organizations and multilateral 
        institutions of which the United States is a member 
        that a member country may not stand in nomination for 
        membership or in nomination or in rotation for a 
        significant leadership position in such bodies if the 
        member country is subject to sanctions imposed by the 
        United Nations Security Council; and
          (3) work to ensure that no member country stand in 
        nomination for membership, or in nomination or in 
        rotation for a significant leadership position in such 
        organizations, or for membership on the United Nations 
        Security Council, if the government of the member 
        country has been determined by the Secretary of State 
        to have repeatedly provided support for acts of 
        international terrorism.
    (c) Increased Training in Multilateral Diplomacy.--
          (1) Statement of policy.--It shall be the policy of 
        the United States that training courses should be 
        established for Foreign Service Officers and civil 
        service employees of the State Department, including 
        appropriate chiefs of mission, on the conduct of 
        multilateral diplomacy, including the conduct of 
        negotiations at international organizations and 
        multilateral institutions, negotiating skills that are 
        required at multilateral settings, coalition-building 
        techniques, and lessons learned from previous United 
        States multilateral negotiations.
          (2) Personnel.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure 
                that the training described in paragraph (1) is 
                provided at various stages of the career of 
                members of the Service.
                  (B) Actions of the Secretary.--The Secretary 
                shall ensure that--
                          (i) officers of the Service receive 
                        training on the conduct of diplomacy at 
                        international organizations and other 
                        multilateral institutions and at broad-
                        based multilateral negotiations of 
                        international instruments as part of 
                        their training upon entry into the 
                        Service; and
                          (ii) officers of the Service, 
                        including chiefs of
                        mission, who are assigned to United 
                        States missions representing the United 
                        States to international organizations 
                        and other multilateral institutions or 
                        who are assigned in Washington, D.C., 
                        to positions that have as their primary 
                        responsibility formulation of policy 
                        toward such organizations and 
                        institutions or toward participation in 
                        broad-based multilateral negotiations 
                        of international instruments, receive 
                        specialized training in the areas 
                        described in paragraph (1) prior to 
                        beginning of service for such 
                        assignment or, if receiving such 
                        training at that time is not practical, 
                        within the first year of beginning such 
                        assignment.
          (3) Training for civil service employees.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that employees of the Department 
        of State who are members of the civil service and who 
        are assigned to positions described in paragraph (2) 
        receive training described in paragraph (1) prior to 
        the beginning of service for such assignment or, if 
        receiving such training at such time is not practical, 
        within the first year of beginning such assignment.

SEC. 7112.\14\ EXPANSION OF UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP AND EXCHANGE 
                    PROGRAMS IN THE ISLAMIC WORLD.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \14\ 22 U.S.C. 2451 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Exchange, scholarship, and library programs are 
        effective ways for the United States Government to 
        promote internationally the values and ideals of the 
        United States.
          (2) Exchange, scholarship, and library programs can 
        expose young people from other countries to United 
        States values and offer them knowledge and hope.
    (b) Declaration of Policy.--Consistent with the report of 
the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United 
States, Congress declares that--
          (1) the United States should commit to a long-term 
        and sustainable investment in promoting engagement with 
        people of all levels of society in countries with 
        predominantly Muslim populations, particularly with 
        youth and those who influence youth;
          (2) such an investment should make use of the talents 
        and resources in the private sector and should include 
        programs to increase the number of people who can be 
        exposed to the United States and its fundamental ideas 
        and values in order to dispel misconceptions; and
          (3) such programs should include youth exchange 
        programs, young ambassadors programs, international 
        visitor programs, academic and cultural exchange 
        programs, American Corner programs, library programs, 
        journalist exchange programs, sister city programs, and 
        other programs related to people-to-people diplomacy.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the United States should significantly increase its investment 
in the people-to-people programs described in subsection (b).
    (d) Authority To Expand Educational and Cultural 
Exchanges.--The President is authorized to substantially expand 
the exchange, scholarship, and library programs of the United 
States, especially such programs that benefit people in the 
Muslim world.
    (e) Availability of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated in each of the fiscal years 2005 and 2006 for 
educational and cultural exchange programs, there shall be 
available to the Secretary of State such sums as may be 
necessary to carry out programs under this section, unless 
otherwise authorized by Congress.

SEC. 7113.\15\ PILOT PROGRAM TO PROVIDE GRANTS TO AMERICAN-SPONSORED 
                    SCHOOLS IN PREDOMINANTLY MUSLIM COUNTRIES TO 
                    PROVIDE SCHOLARSHIPS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \15\ 22 U.S.C. 2452 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) During the 2003-2004 school year, the Office of 
        Overseas Schools of the Department of State is 
        financially assisting 189 elementary and secondary 
        schools in foreign countries.
          (2) United States-sponsored elementary and secondary 
        schools are located in more than 20 countries with 
        predominantly Muslim populations in the Near East, 
        Africa, South Asia, Central Asia, and East Asia.
          (3) United States-sponsored elementary and secondary 
        schools provide an American-style education in English, 
        with curricula that typically include an emphasis on 
        the development of critical thinking and analytical 
        skills.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--The United States has an interest 
in increasing the level of financial support provided to United 
States-sponsored elementary and secondary schools in countries 
with predominantly Muslim populations in order to--
          (1) increase the number of students in such countries 
        who attend such schools;
          (2) increase the number of young people who may 
        thereby gain at any early age an appreciation for the 
        culture, society, and history of the United States; and
          (3) increase the number of young people who may 
        thereby improve their proficiency in the English 
        language.
    (c) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of State, acting through 
the Director of the Office of Overseas Schools of the 
Department of State, may conduct a pilot program to make grants 
to United States-sponsored elementary and secondary schools in 
countries with predominantly Muslim populations for the purpose 
of providing full or partial merit-based scholarships to 
students from lower-income and middle-income families of such 
countries to attend such schools.
    (d) Determination of Eligible Students.--For purposes of 
the pilot program, a United States-sponsored elementary and 
secondary school that receives a grant under the pilot program 
may establish criteria to be implemented by such school to 
determine what constitutes lower-income and middle-income 
families in the country (or region of the country, if regional 
variations in income levels in the country are significant) in 
which such school is located.
    (e) Restriction on Use of Funds.--Amounts appropriated to 
the Secretary of State pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (h) shall be used for the sole 
purpose of making grants under this section, and may not be 
used for the administration of the Office of Overseas Schools 
of the Department of State or for any other activity of the 
Office.
    (f) Voluntary Participation.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to require participation in the pilot program by a 
United States-sponsored elementary or secondary school in a 
predominantly Muslim country.
    (g) Report.--Not later than April 15, 2006, the Secretary 
of State shall submit to the Committee on International 
Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate a report on the pilot program. 
The report shall assess the success of the program, examine any 
obstacles encountered in its implementation, and address 
whether it should be continued, and if so, provide 
recommendations to increase its effectiveness.
    (h) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Secretary of State for each of the fiscal years 2005 and 
2006, unless otherwise authorized by Congress, such sums as 
necessary to implement the pilot program under this section.

SEC. 7114.\16\ INTERNATIONAL YOUTH OPPORTUNITY FUND.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \16\ 22 U.S.C. 2228.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Education that teaches tolerance, the dignity and 
        value of each individual, and respect for different 
        beliefs is a key element in any global strategy to 
        eliminate terrorism.
          (2) Education in the Middle East about the world 
        outside that region is weak.
          (3) The United Nations has rightly equated literacy 
        with freedom.
          (4) The international community is moving toward 
        setting a concrete goal of reducing by half the 
        illiteracy rate in the Middle East by 2010, through the 
        implementation of education programs targeting women 
        and girls and programs for adult literacy, and by other 
        means.
          (5) To be effective, efforts to improve education in 
        the Middle East must also include--
                  (A) support for the provision of basic 
                education tools, such as textbooks that 
                translate more of the world's knowledge into 
                local languages and local libraries to house 
                such materials; and
                  (B) more vocational education in trades and 
                business skills.
          (6) The Middle East can benefit from some of the same 
        programs to bridge the digital divide that already have 
        been developed for other regions of the world.
    (b) International Youth Opportunity Fund.--
          (1) Establishment.--The Secretary of State is 
        authorized to establish through an existing 
        international organization, such as the United Nations 
        Educational, Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 
        or other similar body, an International Youth 
        Opportunity Fund to provide financial assistance for 
        the improvement of public education in the Middle East 
        and other countries of strategic interest with 
        predominantly Muslim populations.
          (2) International participation.--The Secretary 
        should seek the cooperation of the international 
        community in establishing and generously supporting the 
        Fund.

SEC. 7115. THE USE OF ECONOMIC POLICIES TO COMBAT TERRORISM.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) While terrorism is not caused by poverty, 
        breeding grounds for terrorism are created by backward 
        economic policies and repressive political regimes.
          (2) Policies that support economic development and 
        reform also have political implications, as economic 
        and political liberties are often linked.
          (3) The United States is working toward creating a 
        Middle East Free Trade Area by 2013 and implementing a 
        free trade agreement with Bahrain, and free trade 
        agreements exist between the United States and Israel 
        and the United States and Jordan.
          (4) Existing and proposed free trade agreements 
        between the United States and countries with 
        predominantly Muslim populations are drawing interest 
        from other countries in the Middle East region, and 
        countries with predominantly Muslim populations can 
        become full participants in the rules-based global 
        trading system, as the United States considers lowering 
        its barriers to trade.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) a comprehensive United States strategy to counter 
        terrorism should include economic policies that 
        encourage development, open societies, and 
        opportunities for people to improve the lives of their 
        families and to enhance prospects for their children's 
        future;
          (2) one element of such a strategy should encompass 
        the lowering of trade barriers with the poorest 
        countries that have a significant population of Muslim 
        individuals;
          (3) another element of such a strategy should 
        encompass United States efforts to promote economic 
        reform in countries that have a significant population 
        of Muslim individuals, including efforts to integrate 
        such countries into the global trading system; and
          (4) given the importance of the rule of law in 
        promoting economic development and attracting 
        investment, the United States should devote an 
        increased proportion of its assistance to countries in 
        the Middle East to the promotion of the rule of law.

SEC. 7116. MIDDLE EAST PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated for each of fiscal years 2005 and 2006, 
(unless otherwise authorized by Congress) such sums as may be 
necessary for the Middle East Partnership Initiative.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, 
given the importance of the rule of law and economic reform to 
development in the Middle East, a significant portion of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a) should 
be made available to promote the rule of law in the Middle 
East.

SEC. 7117.\17\ COMPREHENSIVE COALITION STRATEGY FOR FIGHTING TERRORISM.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \17\ 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Almost every aspect of the counterterrorism 
        strategy of the United States relies on international 
        cooperation.
          (2) Since September 11, 2001, the number and scope of 
        United States Government contacts with foreign 
        governments concerning counterterrorism have expanded 
        significantly, but such contacts have often been ad hoc 
        and not integrated as a comprehensive and unified 
        approach to counterterrorism.
    (b) In General.--The Secretary of State is authorized in 
consultation with relevant United States Government agencies, 
to negotiate on a bilateral or multilateral basis, as 
appropriate, international agreements under which parties to an 
agreement work in partnership to address and interdict acts of 
international terrorism.
    (c) International Contact Group on Counterterrorism.--
          (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that the President--
                  (A) should seek to engage the leaders of the 
                governments of other countries in a process of 
                advancing beyond separate and uncoordinated 
                national counterterrorism strategies to develop 
                with those other governments a comprehensive 
                multilateral strategy to fight terrorism; and
                  (B) to that end, should seek to establish an 
                international counterterrorism policy contact 
                group with the leaders of governments providing 
                leadership in global counterterrorism efforts 
                and governments of countries with sizable 
                Muslim populations, to be used as a ready and 
                flexible international means for discussing and 
                coordinating the development of important 
                counterterrorism policies by the participating 
                governments.
          (2) Authority.--The President is authorized to 
        establish an international counterterrorism policy 
        contact group with the leaders of governments referred 
        to in paragraph (1) for the following purposes:
                  (A) To meet annually, or more frequently as 
                the President determines appropriate, to 
                develop in common with such other governments 
                important policies and a strategy that address 
                the various components of international 
                prosecution of the war on terrorism, including 
                policies and a strategy that address military 
                issues, law enforcement, the collection, 
                analysis, and dissemination of intelligence, 
                issues relating to interdiction of travel by 
                terrorists, counterterrorism-related customs 
                issues, financial issues, and issues relating 
                to terrorist sanctuaries.
                  (B) To address, to the extent (if any) that 
                the President and leaders of other 
                participating governments determine 
                appropriate, long-term issues that can 
                contribute to strengthening stability and 
                security in the Middle East.

SEC. 7118. FINANCING OF TERRORISM.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) The death or capture of several important 
        financial facilitators has decreased the amount of 
        money available to al Qaeda, and has made it more 
        difficult for al Qaeda to raise and move money.
          (2) The capture of al Qaeda financial facilitators 
        has provided a windfall of intelligence that can be 
        used to continue the cycle of disruption.
          (3) The United States Government has rightly 
        recognized that information about terrorist money helps 
        in understanding terror networks, searching them out, 
        and disrupting their operations.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) a critical weapon in the effort to stop terrorist 
        financing should be the targeting of terrorist 
        financial facilitators by intelligence and law 
        enforcement agencies; and
          (2) efforts to track terrorist financing must be 
        paramount in United States counterterrorism efforts.

SEC. 7119. DESIGNATION OF FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Period of Designation.--Section 219(a)(4) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189(a)(4)) is 
amended--* * * \18\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \18\ For amended text, see page 1355.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (d) \19\ Savings Provision.--For purposes of applying 
section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act on or after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the term ``designation'', as 
used in that section, includes all redesignations made pursuant 
to section 219(a)(4)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
(8 U.S.C. 1189(a)(4)(B)) prior to the date of enactment of this 
Act, and such redesignations shall continue to be effective 
until revoked as provided in paragraph (5) or (6) of section 
219(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1189(a)).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \19\ 8 U.S.C. 1189 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 7120. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to Congress a 
report on the activities of the Government of the United States 
to carry out the provisions of this subtitle.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under this section shall 
include the following:
          (1) Terrorist sanctuaries.--A description of the 
        strategy of the United States to address and, where 
        possible, eliminate terrorist sanctuaries, including--
                  (A) a description of the terrorist 
                sanctuaries that exist;
                  (B) an outline of strategies, tactics, and 
                tools for disrupting or eliminating the 
                security provided to terrorists by such 
                sanctuaries;
                  (C) a description of efforts by the United 
                States Government to work with other countries 
                in bilateral and multilateral fora to elicit 
                the cooperation needed to identify and address 
                terrorist sanctuaries that may exist unknown to 
                governments; and
                  (D) a description of long-term goals and 
                actions designed to reduce the conditions that 
                allow the formation of terrorist sanctuaries, 
                such as supporting and strengthening host 
                governments, reducing poverty, increasing 
                economic development, strengthening civil 
                society, securing borders, strengthening 
                internal security forces, and disrupting 
                logistics and communications networks of 
                terrorist groups.
          (2) Support for pakistan.--A description of a United 
        States strategy to engage with Pakistan and to support 
        it over the long term, including--
                  (A) recommendations on the composition and 
                levels of assistance required in future years, 
                with special consideration of the proper 
                balance between security assistance and other 
                forms of assistance;
                  (B) a description of the composition and 
                levels of assistance, other than security 
                assistance, at present and in the recent past, 
                structured to permit a comparison of current 
                and past practice with that recommended for the 
                future;
                  (C) measures that could be taken to ensure 
                that all forms of foreign assistance to 
                Pakistan have the greatest possible long-term 
                positive impact on the welfare of the Pakistani 
                people and on the ability of Pakistan to 
                cooperate in global efforts against terror; and
                  (D) measures that could be taken to alleviate 
                difficulties, misunderstandings, and 
                complications in the relationship between the 
                United States and Pakistan.
          (3) Collaboration with saudi arabia.--A description 
        of the strategy of the United States for expanding 
        collaboration with the Government of Saudi Arabia on 
        subjects of mutual interest and of importance, 
        including a description of--
                  (A) steps that could usefully be taken to 
                institutionalize and make more transparent 
                government to government relationships between 
                the United States and Saudi Arabia, including 
                the utility of undertaking periodic, formal, 
                and visible high-level dialogues between 
                government officials of both countries to 
                address challenges in the relationship between 
                the 2 governments and to identify areas and 
                mechanisms for cooperation;
                  (B) intelligence and security cooperation 
                between the United States and Saudi Arabia in 
                the fight against Islamist terrorism;
                  (C) ways to increase the contribution of 
                Saudi Arabia to the stability of the Middle 
                East and the Islamic world, particularly to the 
                Middle East peace process, by eliminating 
                support from or within Saudi Arabia for 
                extremist groups or tendencies;
                  (D) political and economic reform in Saudi 
                Arabia and throughout the Islamic world;
                  (E) ways to promote greater tolerance and 
                respect for cultural and religious diversity in 
                Saudi Arabia and throughout the Islamic world; 
                and
                  (F) ways to assist the Government of Saudi 
                Arabia in reversing the impact of any 
                financial, moral, intellectual, or other 
                support provided in the past from Saudi sources 
                to extremist groups in Saudi Arabia and other 
                countries, and to prevent this support from 
                continuing in the future.
          (4) Struggle of ideas in the islamic world.--A 
        description of a cohesive, long-term strategy of the 
        United States to help win the struggle of ideas in the 
        Islamic world, including the following:
                  (A) A description of specific goals related 
                to winning this struggle of ideas.
                  (B) A description of the range of tools 
                available to the United States Government to 
                accomplish such goals and the manner in which 
                such tools will be employed.
                  (C) A list of benchmarks for measuring 
                success and a plan for linking resources to the 
                accomplishment of such goals.
                  (D) A description of any additional resources 
                that may be necessary to help win this struggle 
                of ideas.
                  (E) Any recommendations for the creation of, 
                and United States participation in, 
                international institutions for the promotion of 
                democracy and economic diversification in the 
                Islamic world, and intraregional trade in the 
                Middle East.
                  (F) An estimate of the level of United States 
                financial assistance that would be sufficient 
                to convince United States allies and people in 
                the Islamic world that engaging in the struggle 
                of ideas in the Islamic world is a top priority 
                of the United States and that the United States 
                intends to make a substantial and sustained 
                commitment toward winning this struggle.
          (5) Outreach through broadcast media.--A description 
        of a cohesive, long-term strategy of the United States 
        to expand its outreach to foreign Muslim audiences 
        through broadcast media, including the following:
                  (A) The initiatives of the Broadcasting Board 
                of Governors with respect to outreach to 
                foreign Muslim audiences.
                  (B) An outline of recommended actions that 
                the United States Government should take to 
                more regularly and comprehensively present a 
                United States point of view through indigenous 
                broadcast media in countries with predominantly 
                Muslim populations, including increasing 
                appearances by United States Government 
                officials, experts, and citizens.
                  (C) An assessment of the major themes of 
                biased or false media coverage of the United 
                States in foreign countries and the actions 
                taken to address this type of media coverage.
                  (D) An assessment of potential incentives 
                for, and costs associated with, encouraging 
                United States broadcasters to dub or subtitle 
                into Arabic and other relevant languages their 
                news and public affairs programs broadcast in 
                the Muslim world in order to present those 
                programs to a much broader Muslim audience than 
                is currently reached.
                  (E) Any recommendations the President may 
                have for additional funding and legislation 
                necessary to achieve the objectives of the 
                strategy.
          (6) Visas for participants in united states 
        programs.--A description of--
                  (A) any recommendations for expediting the 
                issuance of visas to individuals who are 
                entering the United States for the purpose of 
                participating in a scholarship, exchange, or 
                visitor program described in section 7111(b) 
                without compromising the security of the United 
                States; and
                  (B) a proposed schedule for implementing any 
                recommendations described in subparagraph (A).
          (7) Basic education in muslim countries.--A 
        description of a strategy, that was developed after 
        consultation with nongovernmental organizations and 
        individuals involved in education assistance programs 
        in developing countries, to promote free universal 
        basic education in the countries of the Middle East and 
        in other countries with predominantly Muslim 
        populations designated by the President. The strategy 
        shall include the following elements:
                  (A) A description of the manner in which the 
                resources of the United States and the 
                international community shall be used to help 
                achieve free universal basic education in such 
                countries, including--
                          (i) efforts of the United States to 
                        coordinate an international effort;
                          (ii) activities of the United States 
                        to leverage contributions from members 
                        of the Group of Eight or other donors; 
                        and
                          (iii) assistance provided by the 
                        United States to leverage contributions 
                        from the private sector and civil 
                        society organizations.
                  (B) A description of the efforts of the 
                United States to coordinate with other donors 
                to reduce duplication and waste at the global 
                and country levels and to ensure efficient 
                coordination among all relevant departments and 
                agencies of the Government of the United 
                States.
                  (C) A description of the strategy of the 
                United States to assist efforts to overcome 
                challenges to achieving free universal basic 
                education in such countries, including 
                strategies to target hard to reach populations 
                to promote education.
                  (D) A listing of countries that the President 
                determines might be eligible for assistance 
                under the International Youth Opportunity Fund 
                described in section 7114(b) and related 
                programs.
                  (E) A description of the efforts of the 
                United States to encourage countries in the 
                Middle East and other countries with 
                predominantly Muslim populations designated by 
                the President to develop and implement a 
                national education plan.
                  (F) A description of activities that could be 
                carried out as part of the International Youth 
                Opportunity Fund to help close the digital 
                divide and expand vocational and business 
                skills in such countries.
                  (G) An estimate of the funds needed to 
                achieve free universal basic education by 2015 
                in each country described in subparagraph (D), 
                and an estimate of the amount that has been 
                expended by the United States and by each such 
                country during the previous fiscal year.
                  (H) A description of the United States 
                strategy for garnering programmatic and 
                financial support from countries in the Middle 
                East and other countries with predominantly 
                Muslim populations designated by the President, 
                international organizations, and other 
                countries that share the objectives of the 
                International Youth Opportunity Fund.
          (8) Economic reform.--A description of the efforts of 
        the United States Government to encourage development 
        and promote economic reform in countries that have a 
        predominantly Muslim population, including a 
        description of--
                  (A) efforts to integrate countries with 
                predominantly Muslim populations into the 
                global trading system; and
                  (B) actions that the United States 
                Government, acting alone and in partnership 
                with governments in the Middle East, can take 
                to promote intraregional trade and the rule of 
                law in the region.
    (c) Form of Report.--Any report or other matter that is 
required to be submitted to Congress (including a committee of 
Congress) under this section may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 7121. CASE-ZABLOCKI ACT REQUIREMENTS.

    (a)-(d) * * * \20\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \20\ For amended text, see page 985.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (e) Enforcement of Requirements.--Section 139(b) of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 
is amended to read as follows: * * * \21\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \21\ For amended text, see page 516.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 7122.\22\ EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, this 
subtitle shall take effect on the date of enactment of this 
Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \22\ 1 U.S.C. 112a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

          Subtitle B--Terrorist Travel and Effective Screening

SEC. 7201. COUNTERTERRORIST TRAVEL INTELLIGENCE.

    (a) \23\ Findings.--Consistent with the report of the 
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United 
States, Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \23\ 8 U.S.C. 1776 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Travel documents are as important to terrorists 
        as weapons since terrorists must travel clandestinely 
        to meet, train, plan, case targets, and gain access to 
        attack sites.
          (2) International travel is dangerous for terrorists 
        because they must surface to pass through regulated 
        channels, present themselves to border security 
        officials, or attempt to circumvent inspection points.
          (3) Terrorists use evasive, but detectable, methods 
        to travel, such as altered and counterfeit passports 
        and visas, specific travel methods and routes, liaisons 
        with corrupt government officials, human smuggling 
        networks, supportive travel agencies, and immigration 
        and identity fraud.
          (4) Before September 11, 2001, no Federal agency 
        systematically analyzed terrorist travel strategies. If 
        an agency had done so, the agency could have discovered 
        the ways in which the terrorist predecessors to al 
        Qaeda had been systematically, but detectably, 
        exploiting weaknesses in our border security since the 
        early 1990s.
          (5) Many of the hijackers were potentially vulnerable 
        to interception by border authorities. Analyzing their 
        characteristic travel documents and travel patterns 
        could have allowed authorities to intercept some of the 
        hijackers and a more effective use of information 
        available in government databases could have identified 
        some of the hijackers.
          (6) The routine operations of our immigration laws 
        and the aspects of those laws not specifically aimed at 
        protecting against terrorism inevitably shaped al 
        Qaeda's planning and opportunities.
          (7) New insights into terrorist travel gained since 
        September 11, 2001, have not been adequately integrated 
        into the front lines of border security.
          (8) The small classified terrorist travel 
        intelligence collection and analysis program currently 
        in place has produced useful results and should be 
        expanded.
    (b) \24\ Strategy.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \24\ 50 U.S.C. 404o.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Director of the National 
        Counterterrorism Center shall submit to Congress 
        unclassified and classified versions of a strategy for 
        combining terrorist travel intelligence, operations, 
        and law enforcement into a cohesive effort to intercept 
        terrorists, find terrorist travel facilitators, and 
        constrain terrorist mobility domestically and 
        internationally. The report to Congress should include 
        a description of the actions taken to implement the 
        strategy and an assessment regarding vulnerabilities 
        within the United States and foreign travel systems 
        that may be exploited by international terrorists, 
        human smugglers and traffickers, and their 
        facilitators.
          (2) Coordination.--The strategy shall be developed in 
        coordination with all relevant Federal agencies.
          (3) Contents.--The strategy may address--
                  (A) a program for collecting, analyzing, 
                disseminating, and utilizing information and 
                intelligence regarding terrorist travel tactics 
                and methods, and outline which Federal 
                intelligence, diplomatic, and law enforcement 
                agencies will be held accountable for 
                implementing each element of the strategy;
                  (B) the intelligence and law enforcement 
                collection, analysis, operations, and reporting 
                required to identify and disrupt terrorist 
                travel tactics, practices, patterns, and 
                trends, and the terrorist travel facilitators, 
                document forgers, human smugglers, travel 
                agencies, and corrupt border and transportation 
                officials who assist terrorists;
                  (C) the training and training materials 
                required by consular, border, and immigration 
                officials to effectively detect and disrupt 
                terrorist travel described under subsection 
                (c)(3);
                  (D) the new technology and procedures 
                required and actions to be taken to integrate 
                existing counterterrorist travel document and 
                mobility intelligence into border security 
                processes, including consular, port of entry, 
                border patrol, maritime, immigration benefits, 
                and related law enforcement activities;
                  (E) the actions required to integrate current 
                terrorist mobility intelligence into military 
                force protection measures;
                  (F) the additional assistance to be given to 
                the interagency Human Smuggling and Trafficking 
                Center for purposes of combatting terrorist 
                travel, including further developing and 
                expanding enforcement and operational 
                capabilities that address terrorist travel;
                  (G) the actions to be taken to aid in the 
                sharing of information between the frontline 
                border agencies of the Department of Homeland 
                Security, the Department of State, and 
                classified and unclassified sources of 
                counterterrorist travel intelligence and 
                information elsewhere in the Federal 
                Government, including the Human Smuggling and 
                Trafficking Center;
                  (H) the development and implementation of 
                procedures to enable the National 
                Counterterrorism Center, or its designee, to 
                timely receive terrorist travel intelligence 
                and documentation obtained at consulates and 
                ports of entry, and by law enforcement officers 
                and military personnel;
                  (I) the use of foreign and technical 
                assistance to advance border security measures 
                and law enforcement operations against 
                terrorist travel facilitators;
                  (J) the feasibility of developing a program 
                to provide each consular, port of entry, and 
                immigration benefits office with a 
                counterterrorist travel expert trained and 
                authorized to use the relevant authentication 
                technologies and cleared to access all 
                appropriate immigration, law enforcement, and 
                intelligence databases;
                  (K) the feasibility of digitally transmitting 
                suspect passport information to a central cadre 
                of specialists, either as an interim measure 
                until such time as experts described under 
                subparagraph (J) are available at consular, 
                port of entry, and immigration benefits 
                offices, or otherwise;
                  (L) the development of a mechanism to ensure 
                the coordination and dissemination of terrorist 
                travel intelligence and operational information 
                among the Department of Homeland Security, the 
                Department of State, the National 
                Counterterrorism Center, and other appropriate 
                agencies;
                  (M) granting consular officers and 
                immigration adjudicators, as appropriate, the 
                security clearances necessary to access law 
                enforcement sensitive and intelligence 
                databases; and
                  (N) how to integrate travel document 
                screening for terrorism indicators into border 
                screening, and how to integrate the 
                intelligence community into a robust travel 
                document screening process to intercept 
                terrorists.
    (c) Frontline Counterterrorist Travel Technology and 
Training.--
          (1) Technology acquisition and dissemination plan.--
        Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
        conjunction with the Secretary of State, shall submit 
        to Congress a plan describing how the Department of 
        Homeland Security and the Department of State can 
        acquire and deploy, to the maximum extent feasible, to 
        all consulates, ports of entry, and immigration 
        benefits offices, technologies that facilitate document 
        authentication and the detection of potential terrorist 
        indicators on travel documents. To the extent possible, 
        technologies acquired and deployed under this plan 
        shall be compatible with systems used by the Department 
        of Homeland Security to detect fraudulent documents and 
        identify genuine documents.
          (2) Contents of plan.--The plan submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                  (A) outline the timetable needed to acquire 
                and deploy the authentication technologies;
                  (B) identify the resources required to--
                          (i) fully disseminate these 
                        technologies; and
                          (ii) train personnel on use of these 
                        technologies; and
                  (C) address the feasibility of using these 
                technologies to screen every passport or other 
                documentation described in section 7209(b) 
                submitted for identification purposes to a 
                United States consular, border, or immigration 
                official.
    (d) \25\ Training Program.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \25\ 8 U.S.C. 1776.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Review, evaluation, and revision of existing 
        training programs.--The Secretary of Homeland Security 
        shall--
                  (A) review and evaluate the training 
                regarding travel and identity documents, and 
                techniques, patterns, and trends associated 
                with terrorist travel that is provided to 
                personnel of the Department of Homeland 
                Security;
                  (B) in coordination with the Secretary of 
                State, review and evaluate the training 
                described in subparagraph (A) that is provided 
                to relevant personnel of the Department of 
                State; and
                  (C) in coordination with the Secretary of 
                State, develop and implement an initial 
                training and periodic retraining program--
                          (i) to teach border, immigration, and 
                        consular officials (who inspect or 
                        review travel or identity documents as 
                        part of their official duties) how to 
                        effectively detect, intercept, and 
                        disrupt terrorist travel; and
                          (ii) to ensure that the officials 
                        described in clause (i) regularly 
                        receive the most current information on 
                        such matters and are periodically 
                        retrained on the matters described in 
                        paragraph (2).
          (2) Required topics of revised programs.--The 
        training program developed under paragraph (1)(C) shall 
        include training in--
                  (A) methods for identifying fraudulent and 
                genuine travel documents;
                  (B) methods for detecting terrorist 
                indicators on travel documents and other 
                relevant identity documents;
                  (C) recognition of travel patterns, tactics, 
                and behaviors exhibited by terrorists;
                  (D) effective utilization of information 
                contained in databases and data systems 
                available to the Department of Homeland 
                Security; and
                  (E) other topics determined to be appropriate 
                by the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
                consultation with the Secretary of State or the 
                Director of National Intelligence.
          (3) Implementation.--
                  (A) Department of homeland security.--
                          (i) In general.--The Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security shall provide all 
                        border and immigration officials who 
                        inspect or review travel or identity 
                        documents as part of their official 
                        duties with the training described in 
                        paragraph (1)(C).
                          (ii) Report to congress.--Not later 
                        than 12 months after the date of 
                        enactment of this Act, and annually 
                        thereafter for a period of 3 years, the 
                        Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
                        submit a report to Congress that--
                                  (I) describes the number of 
                                border and immigration 
                                officials who inspect or review 
                                identity documents as part of 
                                their official duties, and the 
                                proportion of whom have 
                                received the revised training 
                                program described in paragraph 
                                (1)(C)(i);
                                  (II) explains the reasons, if 
                                any, for not completing the 
                                requisite training described in 
                                paragraph (1)(C)(i);
                                  (III) provides a timetable 
                                for completion of the training 
                                described in paragraph 
                                (1)(C)(i) for those who have 
                                not received such training; and
                                  (IV) describes the status of 
                                periodic retraining of 
                                appropriate personnel described 
                                in paragraph (1)(C)(ii).
                  (B) Department of state.--
                          (i) In general.--The Secretary of 
                        State shall provide all consular 
                        officers who inspect or review travel 
                        or identity documents as part of their 
                        official duties with the training 
                        described in paragraph (1)(C).
                          (ii) Report to congress.--Not later 
                        than 12 months after the date of 
                        enactment of this Act, and annually 
                        thereafter for a period of 3 years, the 
                        Secretary of State shall submit a 
                        report to Congress that--
                                  (I) describes the number of 
                                consular officers who inspect 
                                or review travel or identity 
                                documents as part of their 
                                official duties, and the 
                                proportion of whom have 
                                received the revised training 
                                program described in paragraph 
                                (1)(C)(i);
                                  (II) explains the reasons, if 
                                any, for not completing the 
                                requisite training described in 
                                paragraph (1)(C)(i);
                                  (III) provides a timetable 
                                for completion of the training 
                                described in paragraph 
                                (1)(C)(i) for those who have 
                                not received such training; and
                                  (IV) describes the status of 
                                periodic retraining of 
                                appropriate personnel described 
                                in paragraph (1)(C)(ii).
          (4) Assistance to others.--The Secretary of Homeland 
        Security may assist States, Indian tribes, local 
        governments, and private organizations to establish 
        training programs related to terrorist travel 
        intelligence.
          (5) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
        necessary for each of the fiscal years 2005 through 
        2009 to carry out the provisions of this subsection.
    (e) \26\ Enhancing Classified Counterterrorist Travel 
Efforts.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \26\ 50 U.S.C. 403-1 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--The Director of National 
        Intelligence shall significantly increase resources and 
        personnel to the small classified program that collects 
        and analyzes intelligence on terrorist travel.
          (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated for each of the fiscal 
        years 2005 through 2009 such sums as may be necessary 
        to carry out this subsection.

SEC. 7202.\27\ ESTABLISHMENT OF HUMAN SMUGGLING AND TRAFFICKING CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a Human Smuggling 
and Trafficking Center (referred to in this section as the 
``Center'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \27\ 8 U.S.C. 1777.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Operation.--The Secretary of State, the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, and the Attorney General shall operate the 
Center in accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding 
entitled, ``Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center (HSTC), 
Charter''.
    (c) Functions.--In addition to such other responsibilities 
as the President may assign, the Center shall--
          (1) serve as the focal point for interagency efforts 
        to address terrorist travel;
          (2) serve as a clearinghouse with respect to all 
        relevant information from all Federal Government 
        agencies in support of the United States strategy to 
        prevent separate, but related, issues of clandestine 
        terrorist travel and facilitation of migrant smuggling 
        and trafficking of persons;
          (3) ensure cooperation among all relevant policy, law 
        enforcement, diplomatic, and intelligence agencies of 
        the Federal Government to improve effectiveness and to 
        convert all information available to the Federal 
        Government relating to clandestine terrorist travel and 
        facilitation, migrant smuggling, and trafficking of 
        persons into tactical, operational, and strategic 
        intelligence that can be used to combat such illegal 
        activities; and
          (4) prepare and submit to Congress, on an annual 
        basis, a strategic assessment regarding vulnerabilities 
        in the United States and foreign travel system that may 
        be exploited by international terrorists, human 
        smugglers and traffickers, and their facilitators.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the President shall transmit to Congress 
a report regarding the implementation of this section, 
including a description of the staffing and resource needs of 
the Center.
    (e) Relationship to the NCTC.--As part of its mission to 
combat terrorist travel, the Center shall work to support the 
efforts of the National Counterterrorism Center.

SEC. 7203. RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS OF CONSULAR OFFICERS.

    (a) Increased Number of Consular Officers.--The Secretary 
of State, in each of fiscal years 2006 through 2009, may 
increase by 150 the number of positions for consular officers 
above the number of such positions for which funds were 
allotted for the preceding fiscal year.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Foreign Nationals for Visa 
Screening.--
          (1) Immigrant visas.--Section 222(b) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1202(b)) is 
        amended by adding at the end the following: ``All 
        immigrant visa applications shall be reviewed and 
        adjudicated by a consular officer.''.
          (2) Nonimmigrant visas.--Section 222(d) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1202(d)) is 
        amended by adding at the end the following: ``All 
        nonimmigrant visa applications shall be reviewed and 
        adjudicated by a consular officer.''.
    (c) Training for Consular Officers in Detection of 
Fraudulent Documents.--Section 305(a) of the Enhanced Border 
Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002 (8 U.S.C. 1734(a)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following: * * * \28\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \28\ For amended text, see page 1073.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (d) Assignment of Anti-Fraud Specialists.--
          (1) Survey regarding document fraud.--The Secretary 
        of State, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, shall conduct a survey of each 
        diplomatic and consular post at which visas are issued 
        to assess the extent to which fraudulent documents are 
        presented by visa applicants to consular officers at 
        such posts.
          (2) Requirement for specialist.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than July 31, 
                2005, the Secretary of State, in coordination 
                with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall 
                identify the diplomatic and consular posts at 
                which visas are issued that experience the 
                greatest frequency of presentation of 
                fraudulent documents by visa applicants. The 
                Secretary of State shall assign or designate at 
                each such post at least 1 full-time anti-fraud 
                specialist employed by the Department of State 
                to assist the consular officers at each such 
                post in the detection of such fraud.
                  (B) Exceptions.--The Secretary of State is 
                not required to assign or designate a 
                specialist under subparagraph (A) at a 
                diplomatic or consular post if an employee of 
                the Department of Homeland Security, who has 
                sufficient training and experience in the 
                detection of fraudulent documents, is assigned 
                on a full-time basis to such post under section 
                428 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
                U.S.C. 236).

SEC. 7204.\29\ INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS TO TRACK AND CURTAIL TERRORIST 
                    TRAVEL THROUGH THE USE OF FRAUDULENTLY OBTAINED 
                    DOCUMENTS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \29\ 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) International terrorists travel across 
        international borders to raise funds, recruit members, 
        train for operations, escape capture, communicate, and 
        plan and carry out attacks.
          (2) The international terrorists who planned and 
        carried out the attack on the World Trade Center on 
        February 26, 1993, the attack on the embassies of the 
        United States in Kenya and Tanzania on August 7, 1998, 
        the attack on the USS Cole on October 12, 2000, and the 
        attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 
        September 11, 2001, traveled across international 
        borders to plan and carry out these attacks.
          (3) The international terrorists who planned other 
        attacks on the United States, including the plot to 
        bomb New York City landmarks in 1993, the plot to bomb 
        the New York City subway in 1997, and the millennium 
        plot to bomb Los Angeles International Airport on 
        December 31, 1999, traveled across international 
        borders to plan and carry out these attacks.
          (4) Many of the international terrorists who planned 
        and carried out large-scale attacks against foreign 
        targets, including the attack in Bali, Indonesia, on 
        October 11, 2002, and the attack in Madrid, Spain, on 
        March 11, 2004, traveled across international borders 
        to plan and carry out these attacks.
          (5) Throughout the 1990s, international terrorists, 
        including those involved in the attack on the World 
        Trade Center on February 26, 1993, the plot to bomb New 
        York City landmarks in 1993, and the millennium plot to 
        bomb Los Angeles International Airport on December 31, 
        1999, traveled on fraudulent passports and often had 
        more than 1 passport.
          (6) Two of the September 11, 2001, hijackers were 
        carrying passports that had been manipulated in a 
        fraudulent manner.
          (7) The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon 
        the United States, (commonly referred to as the 9/11 
        Commission), stated that ``Targeting travel is at least 
        as powerful a weapon against terrorists as targeting 
        their money.''.
    (b) International Agreements To Track and Curtail Terrorist 
Travel.--
          (1) International agreement on lost, stolen, or 
        falsified documents.--The President should lead efforts 
        to track and curtail the travel of terrorists by 
        supporting the drafting, adoption, and implementation 
        of international agreements, and relevant United 
        Nations Security Council resolutions to track and stop 
        international travel by terrorists and other criminals 
        through the use of lost, stolen, or falsified documents 
        to augment United Nations and other international anti-
        terrorism efforts.
          (2) Contents of international agreement.--The 
        President should seek, as appropriate, the adoption or 
        full implementation of effective international measures 
        to--
                  (A) share information on lost, stolen, and 
                fraudulent passports and other travel documents 
                for the purposes of preventing the undetected 
                travel of persons using such passports and 
                other travel documents that were obtained 
                improperly;
                  (B) establish and implement a real-time 
                verification system of passports and other 
                travel documents with issuing authorities;
                  (C) share with officials at ports of entry in 
                any such country information relating to lost, 
                stolen, and fraudulent passports and other 
                travel documents;
                  (D) encourage countries--
                          (i) to criminalize--
                                  (I) the falsification or 
                                counterfeiting of travel 
                                documents or breeder documents 
                                for any purpose;
                                  (II) the use or attempted use 
                                of false documents to obtain a 
                                visa or cross a border for any 
                                purpose;
                                  (III) the possession of tools 
                                or implements used to falsify 
                                or counterfeit such documents;
                                  (IV) the trafficking in false 
                                or stolen travel documents and 
                                breeder documents for any 
                                purpose;
                                  (V) the facilitation of 
                                travel by a terrorist; and
                                  (VI) attempts to commit, 
                                including conspiracies to 
                                commit, the crimes specified in 
                                subclauses (I) through (V);
                          (ii) to impose significant penalties 
                        to appropriately punish violations and 
                        effectively deter the crimes specified 
                        in clause (i); and
                          (iii) to limit the issuance of 
                        citizenship papers, passports, 
                        identification documents, and similar 
                        documents to persons--
                                  (I) whose identity is proven 
                                to the issuing authority;
                                  (II) who have a bona fide 
                                entitlement to or need for such 
                                documents; and
                                  (III) who are not issued such 
                                documents principally on 
                                account of a disproportional 
                                payment made by them or on 
                                their behalf to the issuing 
                                authority;
                  (E) provide technical assistance to countries 
                to help them fully implement such measures; and
                  (F) permit immigration and border officials--
                          (i) to confiscate a lost, stolen, or 
                        falsified passport at ports of entry;
                          (ii) to permit the traveler to return 
                        to the sending country without being in 
                        possession of the lost, stolen, or 
                        falsified passport; and
                          (iii) to detain and investigate such 
                        traveler upon the return of the 
                        traveler to the sending country.
          (3) International civil aviation organization.--The 
        United States shall lead efforts to track and curtail 
        the travel of terrorists by supporting efforts at the 
        International Civil Aviation Organization to continue 
        to strengthen the security features of passports and 
        other travel documents.
    (c) Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, and at least annually 
        thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on 
        progress toward achieving the goals described in 
        subsection (b).
          (2) Termination.--Paragraph (1) shall cease to be 
        effective when the President certifies to the Committee 
        on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        of the Senate that the goals described in subsection 
        (b) have been fully achieved.

SEC. 7205. INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR TRANSLITERATION OF NAMES INTO 
                    THE ROMAN ALPHABET FOR INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL 
                    DOCUMENTS AND NAME-BASED WATCHLIST SYSTEMS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) The current lack of a single convention for 
        translating Arabic names enabled some of the 19 
        hijackers of aircraft used in the terrorist attacks 
        against the United States that occurred on September 
        11, 2001, to vary the spelling of their names to defeat 
        name-based terrorist watchlist systems and to make more 
        difficult any potential efforts to locate them.
          (2) Although the development and utilization of 
        terrorist watchlist systems using biometric identifiers 
        will be helpful, the full development and utilization 
        of such systems will take several years, and name-based 
        terrorist watchlist systems will always be useful.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the President should seek to enter into an international 
agreement to modernize and improve standards for the 
transliteration of names into the Roman alphabet in order to 
ensure 1 common spelling for such names for international 
travel documents and name-based watchlist systems.

SEC. 7206. IMMIGRATION SECURITY INITIATIVE.

    (a) In General.--Section 235A(b) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225a(b)) is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
        Immigration Security Initiative'' after ``Program'';
          (2) by striking ``Attorney General'' and inserting 
        ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following: ``Beginning 
        not later than December 31, 2006, the number of 
        airports selected for an assignment under this 
        subsection shall be at least 50.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary of Homeland Security to 
carry out the amendments made by subsection (a)--
          (1) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;
          (2) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2006; and
          (3) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.

SEC. 7207. CERTIFICATION REGARDING TECHNOLOGY FOR VISA WAIVER 
                    PARTICIPANTS.

    Not later than October 26, 2006, the Secretary of State 
shall certify to Congress which of the countries designated to 
participate in the visa waiver program established under 
section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1187) are developing a program to issue to individuals seeking 
to enter that country pursuant to a visa issued by that 
country, a machine readable visa document that is tamper-
resistant and incorporates biometric identification information 
that is verifiable at its port of entry.

SEC. 7208.\30\ BIOMETRIC ENTRY AND EXIT DATA SYSTEM.

    (a) Finding.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress finds that completing a biometric entry and exit data 
system as expeditiously as possible is an essential investment 
in efforts to protect the United States by preventing the entry 
of terrorists.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \30\ 8 U.S.C. 1365b.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``entry and exit 
data system'' means the entry and exit system required by 
applicable sections of--
          (1) the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
        Responsibility Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-208);
          (2) the Immigration and Naturalization Service Data 
        Management Improvement Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-
        205);
          (3) the Visa Waiver Permanent Program Act (Public Law 
        106-396);
          (4) the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry 
        Reform Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-173); and
          (5) the Uniting and Strengthening America by 
        Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and 
        Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001 
        (Public Law 107-56).
    (c) Plan and Report.--
          (1) Development of plan.--The Secretary of Homeland 
        Security shall develop a plan to accelerate the full 
        implementation of an automated biometric entry and exit 
        data system.
          (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a 
        report to Congress on the plan developed under 
        paragraph (1), which shall contain--
                  (A) a description of the current 
                functionality of the entry and exit data 
                system, including--
                          (i) a listing of ports of entry and 
                        other Department of Homeland Security 
                        and Department of State locations with 
                        biometric entry data systems in use and 
                        whether such screening systems are 
                        located at primary or secondary 
                        inspection areas;
                          (ii) a listing of ports of entry and 
                        other Department of Homeland Security 
                        and Department of State locations with 
                        biometric exit data systems in use;
                          (iii) a listing of databases and data 
                        systems with which the entry and exit 
                        data system are interoperable;
                          (iv) a description of--
                                  (I) identified deficiencies 
                                concerning the accuracy or 
                                integrity of the information 
                                contained in the entry and exit 
                                data system;
                                  (II) identified deficiencies 
                                concerning technology 
                                associated with processing 
                                individuals through the system; 
                                and
                                  (III) programs or policies 
                                planned or implemented to 
                                correct problems identified in 
                                subclause (I) or (II); and
                          (v) an assessment of the 
                        effectiveness of the entry and exit 
                        data system in fulfilling its intended 
                        purposes, including preventing 
                        terrorists from entering the United 
                        States;
                  (B) a description of factors relevant to the 
                accelerated implementation of the biometric 
                entry and exit data system, including--
                          (i) the earliest date on which the 
                        Secretary estimates that full 
                        implementation of the biometric entry 
                        and exit data system can be completed;
                          (ii) the actions the Secretary will 
                        take to accelerate the full 
                        implementation of the biometric entry 
                        and exit data system at all ports of 
                        entry through which all aliens must 
                        pass that are legally required to do 
                        so; and
                          (iii) the resources and authorities 
                        required to enable the Secretary to 
                        meet the implementation date described 
                        in clause (i);
                  (C) a description of any improvements needed 
                in the information technology employed for the 
                biometric entry and exit data system;
                  (D) a description of plans for improved or 
                added interoperability with any other databases 
                or data systems; and
                  (E) a description of the manner in which the 
                Department of Homeland Security's US-VISIT 
                program--
                          (i) meets the goals of a 
                        comprehensive entry and exit screening 
                        system, including both entry and exit 
                        biometric; and
                          (ii) fulfills the statutory 
                        obligations under subsection (b).
    (d) Collection of Biometric Exit Data.--The entry and exit 
data system shall include a requirement for the collection of 
biometric exit data for all categories of individuals who are 
required to provide biometric entry data, regardless of the 
port of entry where such categories of individuals entered the 
United States.
    (e) Integration and Interoperability.--
          (1) Integration of data system.--Not later than 2 
        years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall fully integrate all databases and data 
        systems that process or contain information on aliens, 
        which are maintained by--
                  (A) the Department of Homeland Security, at--
                          (i) the United States Immigration and 
                        Customs Enforcement;
                          (ii) the United States Customs and 
                        Border Protection; and
                          (iii) the United States Citizenship 
                        and Immigration Services;
                  (B) the Department of Justice, at the 
                Executive Office for Immigration Review; and
                  (C) the Department of State, at the Bureau of 
                Consular Affairs.
          (2) Interoperable component.--The fully integrated 
        data system under paragraph (1) shall be an 
        interoperable component of the entry and exit data 
        system.
          (3) Interoperable data system.--Not later than 2 
        years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall fully implement an interoperable 
        electronic data system, as required by section 202 of 
        the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act 
        (8 U.S.C. 1722) to provide current and immediate access 
        to information in the databases of Federal law 
        enforcement agencies and the intelligence community 
        that is relevant to determine--
                  (A) whether to issue a visa; or
                  (B) the admissibility or deportability of an 
                alien.
    (f) Maintaining Accuracy and Integrity of Entry and Exit 
Data System.--
          (1) Policies and procedures.--
                  (A) Establishment.--The Secretary of Homeland 
                Security shall establish rules, guidelines, 
                policies, and operating and auditing procedures 
                for collecting, removing, and updating data 
                maintained in, and adding information to, the 
                entry and exit data system that ensure the 
                accuracy and integrity of the data.
                  (B) Training.--The Secretary shall develop 
                training on the rules, guidelines, policies, 
                and procedures established under subparagraph 
                (A), and on immigration law and procedure. All 
                personnel authorized to access information 
                maintained in the databases and data system 
                shall receive such training.
          (2) Data collected from foreign nationals.--The 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of State, 
        and the Attorney General, after consultation with 
        directors of the relevant intelligence agencies, shall 
        standardize the information and data collected from 
        foreign nationals, and the procedures utilized to 
        collect such data, to ensure that the information is 
        consistent and valuable to officials accessing that 
        data across multiple agencies.
          (3) Data maintenance procedures.--Heads of agencies 
        that have databases or data systems linked to the entry 
        and exit data system shall establish rules, guidelines, 
        policies, and operating and auditing procedures for 
        collecting, removing, and updating data maintained in, 
        and adding information to, such databases or data 
        systems that ensure the accuracy and integrity of the 
        data and for limiting access to the information in the 
        databases or data systems to authorized personnel.
          (4) Requirements.--The rules, guidelines, policies, 
        and procedures established under this subsection 
        shall--
                  (A) incorporate a simple and timely method 
                for--
                          (i) correcting errors in a timely and 
                        effective manner;
                          (ii) determining which government 
                        officer provided data so that the 
                        accuracy of the data can be 
                        ascertained; and
                          (iii) clarifying information known to 
                        cause false hits or misidentification 
                        errors;
                  (B) include procedures for individuals to--
                          (i) seek corrections of data 
                        contained in the databases or data 
                        systems; and
                          (ii) appeal decisions concerning data 
                        contained in the databases or data 
                        systems;
                  (C) strictly limit the agency personnel 
                authorized to enter data into the system;
                  (D) identify classes of information to be 
                designated as temporary or permanent entries, 
                with corresponding expiration dates for 
                temporary entries; and
                  (E) identify classes of prejudicial 
                information requiring additional authority of 
                supervisory personnel before entry.
          (5) Centralizing and streamlining correction 
        process.--
                  (A) In general.--The President, or agency 
                director designated by the President, shall 
                establish a clearinghouse bureau in the 
                Department of Homeland Security, to centralize 
                and streamline the process through which 
                members of the public can seek corrections to 
                erroneous or inaccurate information contained 
                in agency databases, which is related to 
                immigration status, or which otherwise impedes 
                lawful admission to the United States.
                  (B) Time schedules.--The process described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall include specific time 
                schedules for reviewing data correction 
                requests, rendering decisions on such requests, 
                and implementing appropriate corrective action 
                in a timely manner.
    (g) Integrated Biometric Entry-Exit Screening System.--The 
biometric entry and exit data system shall facilitate efficient 
immigration benefits processing by--
          (1) ensuring that the system's tracking capabilities 
        encompass data related to all immigration benefits 
        processing, including--
                  (A) visa applications with the Department of 
                State;
                  (B) immigration related filings with the 
                Department of Labor;
                  (C) cases pending before the Executive Office 
                for Immigration Review; and
                  (D) matters pending or under investigation 
                before the Department of Homeland Security;
          (2) utilizing a biometric based identity number tied 
        to an applicant's biometric algorithm established under 
        the entry and exit data system to track all immigration 
        related matters concerning the applicant;
          (3) providing that--
                  (A) all information about an applicant's 
                immigration related history, including entry 
                and exit history, can be queried through 
                electronic means; and
                  (B) database access and usage guidelines 
                include stringent safeguards to prevent misuse 
                of data;
          (4) providing real-time updates to the information 
        described in paragraph (3)(A), including pertinent data 
        from all agencies referred to in paragraph (1); and
          (5) providing continuing education in 
        counterterrorism techniques, tools, and methods for all 
        Federal personnel employed in the evaluation of 
        immigration documents and immigration-related policy.
    (h) Entry-Exit System Goals.--The Department of Homeland 
Security shall operate the biometric entry and exit system so 
that it--
          (1) serves as a vital counterterrorism tool;
          (2) screens travelers efficiently and in a welcoming 
        manner;
          (3) provides inspectors and related personnel with 
        adequate real-time information;
          (4) ensures flexibility of training and security 
        protocols to most effectively comply with security 
        mandates;
          (5) integrates relevant databases and plans for 
        database modifications to address volume increase and 
        database usage; and
          (6) improves database search capacities by utilizing 
        language algorithms to detect alternate names.
    (i) Dedicated Specialists and Front Line Personnel 
Training.--In implementing the provisions of subsections (g) 
and (h), the Department of Homeland Security and the Department 
of State shall--
          (1) develop cross-training programs that focus on the 
        scope and procedures of the entry and exit data system;
          (2) provide extensive community outreach and 
        education on the entry and exit data system's 
        procedures;
          (3) provide clear and consistent eligibility 
        guidelines for applicants in low-risk traveler 
        programs; and
          (4) establish ongoing training modules on immigration 
        law to improve adjudications at our ports of entry, 
        consulates, and embassies.
    (j) Compliance Status Reports.--Not later than 1 year after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the 
head of any other department or agency subject to the 
requirements of this section, shall issue individual status 
reports and a joint status report detailing the compliance of 
the department or agency with each requirement under this 
section.
    (k) Expediting Registered Travelers Across International 
Borders.--
          (1) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the 
        National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the 
        United States, Congress makes the following findings:
                  (A) Expediting the travel of previously 
                screened and known travelers across the borders 
                of the United States should be a high priority.
                  (B) The process of expediting known travelers 
                across the borders of the United States can 
                permit inspectors to better focus on 
                identifying terrorists attempting to enter the 
                United States.
          (2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``registered traveler program'' means any program 
        designed to expedite the travel of previously screened 
        and known travelers across the borders of the United 
        States.
          (3) Registered travel program.--
                  (A) In general.--As soon as is practicable, 
                the Secretary shall develop and implement a 
                registered traveler program to expedite the 
                processing of registered travelers who enter 
                and exit the United States.
                  (B) Participation.--The registered traveler 
                program shall include as many participants as 
                practicable by--
                          (i) minimizing the cost of 
                        enrollment;
                          (ii) making program enrollment 
                        convenient and easily accessible; and
                          (iii) providing applicants with clear 
                        and consistent eligibility guidelines.
                  (C) Integration.--The registered traveler 
                program shall be integrated into the automated 
                biometric entry and exit data system described 
                in this section.
                  (D) Review and evaluation.--In developing the 
                registered traveler program, the Secretary 
                shall--
                          (i) review existing programs or pilot 
                        projects designed to expedite the 
                        travel of registered travelers across 
                        the borders of the United States;
                          (ii) evaluate the effectiveness of 
                        the programs described in clause (i), 
                        the costs associated with such 
                        programs, and the costs to travelers to 
                        join such programs;
                          (iii) increase research and 
                        development efforts to accelerate the 
                        development and implementation of a 
                        single registered traveler program; and
                          (iv) review the feasibility of 
                        allowing participants to enroll in the 
                        registered traveler program at consular 
                        offices.
          (4) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
        Congress a report describing the Department's progress 
        on the development and implementation of the registered 
        traveler program.
    (l) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary, for each of the fiscal 
years 2005 through 2009, such sums as may be necessary to carry 
out the provisions of this section.

SEC. 7209.\31\ TRAVEL DOCUMENTS.

    (a) Findings.--Consistent with the report of the National 
Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 
Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \31\ 8 U.S.C. 1185 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Existing procedures allow many individuals to 
        enter the United States by showing minimal 
        identification or without showing any identification.
          (2) The planning for the terrorist attacks of 
        September 11, 2001, demonstrates that terrorists study 
        and exploit United States vulnerabilities.
          (3) Additional safeguards are needed to ensure that 
        terrorists cannot enter the United States.
    (b) Passports.--
          (1) Development of plan.--The Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, 
        shall develop and implement a plan as expeditiously as 
        possible to require a passport or other document, or 
        combination of documents, deemed by the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security to be sufficient to denote identity 
        and citizenship, for all travel into the United States 
        by United States citizens and by categories of 
        individuals for whom documentation requirements have 
        previously been waived under section 212(d)(4)(B) of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1182(d)(4)(B)). This plan shall be implemented not 
        later than January 1, 2008, and shall seek to expedite 
        the travel of frequent travelers, including those who 
        reside in border communities, and in doing so, shall 
        make readily available a registered traveler program 
        (as described in section 7208(k)).
          (2) Requirement to produce documentation.--The plan 
        developed under paragraph (1) shall require all United 
        States citizens, and categories of individuals for whom 
        documentation requirements have previously been waived 
        under section 212(d)(4)(B) of such Act, to carry and 
        produce the documentation described in paragraph (1) 
        when traveling from foreign countries into the United 
        States.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--After the 
complete implementation of the plan described in subsection 
(b)--
          (1) neither the Secretary of State nor the Secretary 
        of Homeland Security may exercise discretion under 
        section 212(d)(4)(B) of such Act to waive documentary 
        requirements for travel into the United States; and
          (2) the President may not exercise discretion under 
        section 215(b) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1185(b)) to waive 
        documentary requirements for United States citizens 
        departing from or entering, or attempting to depart 
        from or enter, the United States except--
                  (A) where the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                determines that the alternative documentation 
                that is the basis for the waiver of the 
                documentary requirement is sufficient to denote 
                identity and citizenship;
                  (B) in the case of an unforeseen emergency in 
                individual cases; or
                  (C) in the case of humanitarian or national 
                interest reasons in individual cases.
    (d) Transit Without Visa Program.--The Secretary of State 
shall not use any authorities granted under section 
212(d)(4)(C) of such Act until the Secretary, in conjunction 
with the Secretary of Homeland Security, completely implements 
a security plan to fully ensure secure transit passage areas to 
prevent aliens proceeding in immediate and continuous transit 
through the United States from illegally entering the United 
States.

SEC. 7210. EXCHANGE OF TERRORIST INFORMATION AND INCREASED 
                    PREINSPECTION AT FOREIGN AIRPORTS.

    (a) \32\ Findings.--Consistent with the report of the 
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United 
States, Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \32\ 8 U.S.C. 1225a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) The exchange of terrorist information with other 
        countries, consistent with privacy requirements, along 
        with listings of lost and stolen passports, will have 
        immediate security benefits.
          (2) The further away from the borders of the United 
        States that screening occurs, the more security 
        benefits the United States will gain.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) the Federal Government should exchange terrorist 
        information with trusted allies;
          (2) the Federal Government should move toward real-
        time verification of passports with issuing 
        authorities;
          (3) where practicable, the Federal Government should 
        conduct screening before a passenger departs on a 
        flight destined for the United States;
          (4) the Federal Government should work with other 
        countries to ensure effective inspection regimes at all 
        airports;
          (5) the Federal Government should work with other 
        countries to improve passport standards and provide 
        foreign assistance to countries that need help making 
        the transition to the global standard for 
        identification; and
          (6) the Department of Homeland Security, in 
        coordination with the Department of State and other 
        Federal agencies, should implement the initiatives 
        called for in this subsection.
    (c) Report Regarding the Exchange of Terrorist 
Information.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State 
        and the Secretary of Homeland Security, working with 
        other Federal agencies, shall submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report on Federal efforts to 
        collaborate with allies of the United States in the 
        exchange of terrorist information.
          (2) Contents.--The report shall outline--
                  (A) strategies for increasing such 
                collaboration and cooperation;
                  (B) progress made in screening passengers 
                before their departure to the United States; 
                and
                  (C) efforts to work with other countries to 
                accomplish the goals described under this 
                section.
    (d) Preinspection at Foreign Airports.--
          (1) In general.--Section 235A(a)(4) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225a(a)(4)) 
        is amended to read as follows:
          ``(4) Subject to paragraph (5), not later than 
        January 1, 2008, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of State, shall 
        establish preinspection stations in at least 25 
        additional foreign airports, which the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary 
        of State, determines, based on the data compiled under 
        paragraph (3) and such other information as may be 
        available, would most effectively facilitate the travel 
        of admissible aliens and reduce the number of 
        inadmissible aliens, especially aliens who are 
        potential terrorists, who arrive from abroad by air at 
        points of entry within the United States. Such 
        preinspection stations shall be in addition to those 
        established before September 30, 1996, or pursuant to 
        paragraph (1).''.
          (2) Report.--Not later than June 30, 2006, the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of 
        State shall submit a report on the progress being made 
        in implementing the amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        to--
                  (A) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                Senate;
                  (B) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                House of Representatives;
                  (C) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate;
                  (D) the Committee on International Relations 
                of the House of Representatives;
                  (E) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
                  (F) the Select Committee on Homeland Security 
                of the House of Representatives (or any 
                successor committee).

SEC. 7211.\33\ MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR BIRTH CERTIFICATES.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``birth 
certificate'' means a certificate of birth--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \33\ 5 U.S.C. 301 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) for an individual (regardless of where born)--
                  (A) who is a citizen or national of the 
                United States at birth; and
                  (B) whose birth is registered in the United 
                States; and
          (2) that--
                  (A) is issued by a Federal, State, or local 
                government agency or authorized custodian of 
                record and produced from birth records 
                maintained by such agency or custodian of 
                record; or
                  (B) is an authenticated copy, issued by a 
                Federal, State, or local government agency or 
                authorized custodian of record, of an original 
                certificate of birth issued by such agency or 
                custodian of record.
    (b) Standards for Acceptance by Federal Agencies.--
          (1) In general.--Beginning 2 years after the 
        promulgation of minimum standards under paragraph (3), 
        no Federal agency may accept a birth certificate for 
        any official purpose unless the certificate conforms to 
        such standards.
          (2) State certification.--
                  (A) In general.--Each State shall certify to 
                the Secretary of Health and Human Services that 
                the State is in compliance with the 
                requirements of this section.
                  (B) Frequency.--Certifications under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be made at such 
                intervals and in such a manner as the Secretary 
                of Health and Human Services, with the 
                concurrence of the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security and the Commissioner of Social 
                Security, may prescribe by regulation.
                  (C) Compliance.--Each State shall ensure that 
                units of local government and other authorized 
                custodians of records in the State comply with 
                this section.
                  (D) Audits.--The Secretary of Health and 
                Human Services may conduct periodic audits of 
                each State's compliance with the requirements 
                of this section.
          (3) Minimum standards.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services shall by regulation establish 
        minimum standards for birth certificates for use by 
        Federal agencies for official purposes that--
                  (A) at a minimum, shall require certification 
                of the birth certificate by the State or local 
                government custodian of record that issued the 
                certificate, and shall require the use of 
                safety paper or an alternative, equally secure 
                medium, the seal of the issuing custodian of 
                record, and other features designed to prevent 
                tampering, counterfeiting, or otherwise 
                duplicating the birth certificate for 
                fraudulent purposes;
                  (B) shall establish requirements for proof 
                and verification of identity as a condition of 
                issuance of a birth certificate, with 
                additional security measures for the issuance 
                of a birth certificate for a person who is not 
                the applicant;
                  (C) shall establish standards for the 
                processing of birth certificate applications to 
                prevent fraud;
                  (D) may not require a single design to which 
                birth certificates issued by all States must 
                conform; and
                  (E) shall accommodate the differences between 
                the States in the manner and form in which 
                birth records are stored and birth certificates 
                are produced from such records.
          (4) Consultation with government agencies.--In 
        promulgating the standards required under paragraph 
        (3), the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall 
        consult with--
                  (A) the Secretary of Homeland Security;
                  (B) the Commissioner of Social Security;
                  (C) State vital statistics offices; and
                  (D) other appropriate Federal agencies.
          (5) Extension of effective date.--The Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services may extend the date specified 
        under paragraph (1) for up to 2 years for birth 
        certificates issued by a State if the Secretary 
        determines that the State made reasonable efforts to 
        comply with the date under paragraph (1) but was unable 
        to do so.
    (c) Grants to States.--
          (1) Assistance in meeting federal standards.--
                  (A) In general.--Beginning on the date a 
                final regulation is promulgated under 
                subsection (b)(3), the Secretary of Health and 
                Human Services shall award grants to States to 
                assist them in conforming to the minimum 
                standards for birth certificates set forth in 
                the regulation.
                  (B) Allocation of grants.--The Secretary 
                shall award grants to States under this 
                paragraph based on the proportion that the 
                estimated average annual number of birth 
                certificates issued by a State applying for a 
                grant bears to the estimated average annual 
                number of birth certificates issued by all 
                States.
                  (C) Minimum allocation.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (B), each State shall receive not 
                less than 0.5 percent of the grant funds made 
                available under this paragraph.
          (2) Assistance in matching birth and death records.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary of Health and 
                Human Services, in coordination with the 
                Commissioner of Social Security and other 
                appropriate Federal agencies, shall award 
                grants to States, under criteria established by 
                the Secretary, to assist States in--
                          (i) computerizing their birth and 
                        death records;
                          (ii) developing the capability to 
                        match birth and death records within 
                        each State and among the States; and
                          (iii) noting the fact of death on the 
                        birth certificates of deceased persons.
                  (B) Allocation of grants.--The Secretary 
                shall award grants to qualifying States under 
                this paragraph based on the proportion that the 
                estimated annual average number of birth and 
                death records created by a State applying for a 
                grant bears to the estimated annual average 
                number of birth and death records originated by 
                all States.
                  (C) Minimum allocation.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (B), each State shall receive not 
                less than 0.5 percent of the grant funds made 
                available under this paragraph.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary for each of the fiscal 
years 2005 through 2009 such sums as may be necessary to carry 
out this section.
    (e) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--Section 656 of the 
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 
1996 (5 U.S.C. 301 note) is repealed.

SEC. 7212. DRIVER'S LICENSES AND PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION CARDS. * * *

SEC. 7213. SOCIAL SECURITY CARDS AND NUMBERS. * * *

SEC. 7214. PROHIBITION OF THE DISPLAY OF SOCIAL SECURITY ACCOUNT 
                    NUMBERS ON DRIVER'S LICENSES OR MOTOR VEHICLE 
                    REGISTRATIONS. * * *

SEC. 7215.\34\ TERRORIST TRAVEL PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with 
the Director of the National Counterterrorism Center, and 
consistent with the strategy developed under section 7201, 
shall establish a program to oversee the implementation of the 
Department's responsibilities with respect to terrorist travel, 
including the analysis, coordination, and dissemination of 
terrorist travel intelligence and operational information--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \34\ 6 U.S.C. 123.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) among appropriate subdivisions of the Department 
        of Homeland Security, including--
                  (A) the Bureau of Customs and Border 
                Protection;
                  (B) United States Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement;
                  (C) United States Citizenship and Immigration 
                Services;
                  (D) the Transportation Security 
                Administration; and
                  (E) any other subdivision, as determined by 
                the Secretary; and
          (2) between the Department of Homeland Security and 
        other appropriate Federal agencies.

SEC. 7216. INCREASE IN PENALTIES FOR FRAUD AND RELATED ACTIVITY. * * *

SEC. 7217. STUDY ON ALLEGEDLY LOST OR STOLEN PASSPORTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than May 31, 2005, the Secretary 
of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, shall submit a report, containing the results of a 
study on the subjects described in subsection (b), to--
          (1) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
          (2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives;
          (3) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
          (4) the Committee on International Relations of the 
        House of Representatives;
          (5) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
          (6) the Select Committee on Homeland Security of the 
        House of Representatives (or any successor committee).
    (b) Contents.--The study referred to in subsection (a) 
shall examine the feasibility, cost, potential benefits, and 
relative importance to the objectives of tracking suspected 
terrorists' travel, and apprehending suspected terrorists, of 
establishing a system, in coordination with other countries, 
through which border and visa issuance officials have access in 
real-time to information on newly issued passports to persons 
whose previous passports were allegedly lost or stolen.
    (c) Incentives.--The study described in subsection (b) 
shall make recommendations on incentives that might be offered 
to encourage foreign nations to participate in the initiatives 
described in subsection (b).

SEC. 7218.\35\ ESTABLISHMENT OF VISA AND PASSPORT SECURITY PROGRAM IN 
                    THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established, within the Bureau 
of Diplomatic Security of the Department of State, the Visa and 
Passport Security Program (in this section referred to as the 
``Program'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \35\ 22 U.S.C. 4807.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Preparation of Strategic Plan.--
          (1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary for 
        Diplomatic Security, in coordination with the 
        appropriate officials of the Bureau of Consular 
        Affairs, the coordinator for counterterrorism, the 
        National Counterterrorism Center, and the Department of 
        Homeland Security, and consistent with the strategy 
        mandated by section 7201, shall ensure the preparation 
        of a strategic plan to target and disrupt individuals 
        and organizations, within the United States and in 
        foreign countries, that are involved in the fraudulent 
        production, distribution, use, or other similar 
        activity--
                  (A) of a United States visa or United States 
                passport;
                  (B) of documents intended to help 
                fraudulently procure a United States visa or 
                United States passport, or other documents 
                intended to gain unlawful entry into the United 
                States; or
                  (C) of passports and visas issued by foreign 
                countries intended to gain unlawful entry into 
                the United States.
          (2) Emphasis.--The strategic plan shall--
                  (A) focus particular emphasis on individuals 
                and organizations that may have links to 
                domestic terrorist organizations or foreign 
                terrorist organizations (as such term is 
                defined in section 219 of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189));
                  (B) require the development of a strategic 
                training course under the Antiterrorism 
                Assistance Training (ATA) program of the 
                Department of State (or any successor or 
                related program) under chapter 8 of part II of 
                the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
                2349aa et seq.) (or other relevant provisions 
                of law) to train participants in the 
                identification of fraudulent documents and the 
                forensic detection of such documents which may 
                be used to obtain unlawful entry into the 
                United States; and
                  (C) determine the benefits and costs of 
                providing technical assistance to foreign 
                governments to ensure the security of 
                passports, visas, and related documents and to 
                investigate, arrest, and prosecute individuals 
                who facilitate travel by the creation of false 
                passports and visas, documents to obtain such 
                passports and visas, and other types of travel 
                documents.
    (c) Program.--
          (1) Individual in charge.--
                  (A) Designation.--The Assistant Secretary for 
                Diplomatic Security shall designate an 
                individual to be in charge of the Program.
                  (B) Qualification.--The individual designated 
                under subparagraph (A) shall have expertise and 
                experience in the investigation and prosecution 
                of visa and passport fraud.
          (2) Program components.--The Program shall include 
        the following:
                  (A) Analysis of methods.--Analyze, in 
                coordination with other appropriate government 
                agencies, methods used by terrorists to travel 
                internationally, particularly the use of false 
                or altered travel documents to illegally enter 
                foreign countries and the United States, and 
                consult with the Bureau of Consular Affairs and 
                the Secretary of Homeland Security on 
                recommended changes to the visa issuance 
                process that could combat such methods, 
                including the introduction of new technologies 
                into such process.
                  (B) Identification of individuals and 
                documents.--Identify, in cooperation with the 
                Human Trafficking and Smuggling Center, 
                individuals who facilitate travel by the 
                creation of false passports and visas, 
                documents used to obtain such passports and 
                visas, and other types of travel documents, and 
                ensure that the appropriate agency is notified 
                for further investigation and prosecution or, 
                in the case of such individuals abroad for 
                which no further investigation or prosecution 
                is initiated, ensure that all appropriate 
                information is shared with foreign governments 
                in order to facilitate investigation, arrest, 
                and prosecution of such individuals.
                  (C) Identification of foreign countries 
                needing assistance.--Identify foreign countries 
                that need technical assistance, such as law 
                reform, administrative reform, prosecutorial 
                training, or assistance to police and other 
                investigative services, to ensure passport, 
                visa, and related document security and to 
                investigate, arrest, and prosecute individuals 
                who facilitate travel by the creation of false 
                passports and visas, documents used to obtain 
                such passports and visas, and other types of 
                travel documents.
                  (D) Inspection of applications.--Randomly 
                inspect visa and passport applications for 
                accuracy, efficiency, and fraud, especially at 
                high terrorist threat posts, in order to 
                prevent a recurrence of the issuance of visas 
                to those who submit incomplete, fraudulent, or 
                otherwise irregular or incomplete applications.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which 
the strategy required under section 7201 is submitted to 
Congress, the Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security shall 
submit to Congress a report containing--
          (1) a description of the strategic plan prepared 
        under subsection (b); and
          (2) an evaluation of the feasibility of establishing 
        civil service positions in field offices of the Bureau 
        of Diplomatic Security to investigate visa and passport 
        fraud, including an evaluation of whether to allow 
        diplomatic security agents to convert to civil service 
        officers to fill such positions.

SEC. 7219.\36\ EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, this 
subtitle shall take effect on the date of enactment of this 
Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \36\ 8 U.S.C. 1202 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 7220. IDENTIFICATION STANDARDS.* * *

                   Subtitle C--National Preparedness

          * * * * * * *

                     Subtitle D--Homeland Security

          * * * * * * *

                   Subtitle E--Public Safety Spectrum

          * * * * * * *

                  Subtitle F--Presidential Transition

          * * * * * * *

Subtitle G--Improving International Standards and Cooperation to Fight 
                          Terrorist Financing

SEC. 7701.\37\ IMPROVING INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND COOPERATION TO 
                    FIGHT TERRORIST FINANCING.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \37\ 31 U.S.C. 5311 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) The global war on terrorism and cutting off 
        terrorist financing is a policy priority for the United 
        States and its partners, working bilaterally and 
        multilaterally through the United Nations, the United 
        Nations Security Council and its committees, such as 
        the 1267 and 1373 Committees, the Financial Action Task 
        Force (FATF), and various international financial 
        institutions, including the International Monetary Fund 
        (IMF), the International Bank for Reconstruction and 
        Development (IBRD), and the regional multilateral 
        development banks, and other multilateral fora.
          (2) The international financial community has become 
        engaged in the global fight against terrorist 
        financing. The Financial Action Task Force has focused 
        on the new threat posed by terrorist financing to the 
        international financial system, resulting in the 
        establishment of the FATF's Eight Special 
        Recommendations on Terrorist Financing as the 
        international standard on combating terrorist 
        financing. The Group of Seven and the Group of Twenty 
        Finance Ministers are developing action plans to curb 
        the financing of terror. In addition, other economic 
        and regional fora, such as the Asia-Pacific Economic 
        Cooperation (APEC) Forum, and the Western Hemisphere 
        Financial Ministers, have been used to marshal 
        political will and actions in support of combating the 
        financing of terrorism (CFT) standards.
          (3) FATF's Forty Recommendations on Money Laundering 
        and the Eight Special Recommendations on Terrorist 
        Financing are the recognized global standards for 
        fighting money laundering and terrorist financing. The 
        FATF has engaged in an assessment process for 
        jurisdictions based on their compliance with these 
        standards.
          (4) In March 2004, the IMF and IBRD Boards agreed to 
        make permanent a pilot program of collaboration with 
        the FATF to assess global compliance with the FATF 
        Forty Recommendations on Money Laundering and the Eight 
        Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing. As a 
        result, anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the 
        financing of terrorism (CFT) assessments are now a 
        regular part of their Financial Sector Assessment 
        Program (FSAP) and Offshore Financial Center 
        assessments, which provide for a comprehensive analysis 
        of the strength of a jurisdiction's financial system. 
        These reviews assess potential systemic 
        vulnerabilities, consider sectoral development needs 
        and priorities, and review the state of implementation 
        of and compliance with key financial codes and 
        regulatory standards, among them the AML and CFT 
        standards.
          (5) To date, 70 FSAPs have been conducted, with over 
        24 of those incorporating AML and CFT assessments. The 
        international financial institutions (IFIs), the FATF, 
        and the FATF-style regional bodies together are 
        expected to assess AML and CFT regimes in up to 40 
        countries or jurisdictions per year. This will help 
        countries and jurisdictions identify deficiencies in 
        their AML and CFT regimes and help focus technical 
        assistance efforts.
          (6) Technical assistance programs from the United 
        States and other nations, coordinated with the 
        Department of State and other departments and agencies, 
        are playing an important role in helping countries and 
        jurisdictions address shortcomings in their AML and CFT 
        regimes and bringing their regimes into conformity with 
        international standards. Training is coordinated within 
        the United States Government, which leverages 
        multilateral organizations and bodies and international 
        financial institutions to internationalize the 
        conveyance of technical assistance.
          (7) In fulfilling its duties in advancing 
        incorporation of AML and CFT standards into the IFIs as 
        part of the IFIs' work on protecting the integrity of 
        the international monetary system, the Department of 
        the Treasury, under the guidance of the Secretary of 
        the Treasury, has effectively brought together all of 
        the key United States Government agencies. In 
        particular, United States Government agencies continue 
        to work together to foster broad support for this 
        important undertaking in various multilateral fora, and 
        United States Government agencies recognize the need 
        for close coordination and communication within our own 
        Government.
    (b) Sense of Congress Regarding Success in Multilateral 
Organizations.--It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary 
of the Treasury should continue to promote the dissemination of 
international AML and CFT standards, and to press for full 
implementation of the FATF 40 + 8 Recommendations by all 
countries in order to curb financial risks and hinder terrorist 
financing around the globe. The efforts of the Secretary in 
this regard should include, where necessary or appropriate, 
multilateral action against countries whose counter-money 
laundering regimes and efforts against the financing of 
terrorism fall below recognized international standards.

SEC. 7702.\37\ DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--
          (1) the term ``international financial institutions'' 
        has the same meaning as in section 1701(c)(2) of the 
        International Financial Institutions Act;
          (2) the term ``Financial Action Task Force'' means 
        the international policy-making and standard-setting 
        body dedicated to combating money laundering and 
        terrorist financing that was created by the Group of 
        Seven in 1989; and
          (3) the terms ``Interagency Paper on Sound Practices 
        to Strengthen the Resilience of the U.S. Financial 
        System'' and ``Interagency Paper'' mean the interagency 
        paper prepared by the Board of Governors of the Federal 
        Reserve System, the Comptroller of the Currency, and 
        the Securities and Exchange Commission that was 
        announced in the Federal Register on April 8, 2003.

SEC. 7703. EXPANDED REPORTING AND TESTIMONY REQUIREMENTS FOR THE 
                    SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.

    (a) Reporting Requirements.--Section 1503(a) of the 
International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262o-2(a)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following: * * * \38\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \38\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. III.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Testimony.--Section 1705(b) of the International 
Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262r-4(b)) is amended--* 
* * \38\

SEC. 7704.\37\ COORDINATION OF UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT EFFORTS.

    The Secretary of the Treasury, or the designee of the 
Secretary, as the lead United States Government official to the 
Financial Action Task Force (FATF), shall continue to convene 
the interagency United States Government FATF working group. 
This group, which includes representatives from all relevant 
Federal agencies, shall meet at least once a year to advise the 
Secretary on policies to be pursued by the United States 
regarding the development of common international AML and CFT 
standards, to assess the adequacy and implementation of such 
standards, and to recommend to the Secretary improved or new 
standards, as necessary.

              Subtitle H--Emergency Financial Preparedness

          * * * * * * *
               d. Global Anti-Semitism Review Act of 2004

Public Law 108-332 [S. 2292], 118 Stat. 1282, approved October 16, 2004

 AN ACT To require a report on acts of anti-Semitism around the world.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1.\1\ SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Global Anti-Semitism Review 
Act of 2004''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 22 U.S.C. 2651 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2.\2\ FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ 22 U.S.C. 2731 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Acts of anti-Semitism in countries throughout the 
        world, including some of the world's strongest 
        democracies, have increased significantly in frequency 
        and scope over the last several years.
          (2) During the last 3 months of 2003 and the first 3 
        months of 2004, there were numerous instances of anti-
        Semitic violence around the world, including the 
        following incidents:
                  (A) In Putrajaya, Malaysia, on October 16, 
                2003, former Prime Minister Mahatir Mohammad 
                told the 57 national leaders assembled for the 
                Organization of the Islamic Conference that 
                Jews ``rule the world by proxy'', and called 
                for a ``final victory'' by the world's 1.3 
                billion Muslims, who, he said, ``cannot be 
                defeated by a few million Jews.''.
                  (B) In Istanbul, Turkey, on November 15, 
                2003, simultaneous car bombs exploded outside 
                two synagogues filled with worshippers, killing 
                24 people and wounding more than 250 people.
                  (C) In Australia on January 5, 2004, poison 
                was used to ignite, and burn anti-Semitic 
                slogans into, the lawns of the Parliament House 
                in the state of Tasmania.
                  (D) In St. Petersburg, Russia, on February 
                15, 2004, vandals desecrated approximately 50 
                gravestones in a Jewish cemetery, painting the 
                stones with swastikas and anti-Semitic 
                graffiti.
                  (E) In Toronto, Canada, over the weekend of 
                March 19 through March 21, 2004, vandals 
                attacked a Jewish school, a Jewish cemetery, 
                and area synagogues, painting swastikas and 
                anti-Semitic slogans on the walls of a 
                synagogue and on residential property in a 
                nearby, predominantly Jewish, neighborhood.
                  (F) In Toulon, France, on March 23, 2004, a 
                Jewish synagogue and community center were set 
                on fire.
          (3) Anti-Semitism in old and new forms is also 
        increasingly emanating from the Arab and Muslim world 
        on a sustained basis, including through books published 
        by government-owned publishing houses in Egypt and 
        other Arab countries.
          (4) In November 2002, state-run television in Egypt 
        broadcast the anti-Semitic series entitled ``Horseman 
        Without a Horse'', which is based upon the fictitious 
        conspiracy theory known as the Protocols of the Elders 
        of Zion. The Protocols have been used throughout the 
        last century by despots such as Adolf Hitler to justify 
        violence against Jews.
          (5) In November 2003, Arab television featured an 
        anti-Semitic series, entitled ``Ash-Shatat'' (or ``The 
        Diaspora''), which depicts Jewish people hatching a 
        plot for Jewish control of the world.
          (6) The sharp rise in anti-Semitic violence has 
        caused international organizations such as the 
        Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe 
        (OSCE) to elevate, and bring renewed focus to, the 
        issue, including the convening by the OSCE in June 2003 
        of a conference in Vienna dedicated solely to the issue 
        of anti-Semitism.
          (7) The OSCE convened a conference again on April 28-
        29, 2004, in Berlin, to address the problem of anti-
        Semitism with the United States delegation led by 
        former Mayor of New York City, Ed Koch.
          (8) The United States Government has strongly 
        supported efforts to address anti-Semitism through 
        bilateral relationships and interaction with 
        international organizations such as the OSCE, the 
        European Union, and the United Nations.
          (9) Congress has consistently supported efforts to 
        address the rise in anti-Semitic violence. During the 
        107th Congress, both the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives passed resolutions expressing strong 
        concern with the sharp escalation of anti-Semitic 
        violence in Europe and calling on the Department of 
        State to thoroughly document the phenomenon.
          (10) Anti-Semitism has at times taken the form of 
        vilification of Zionism, the Jewish national movement, 
        and incitement against Israel.

SEC. 3. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) the United States Government should continue to 
        strongly support efforts to combat anti-Semitism 
        worldwide through bilateral relationships and 
        interaction with international organizations such as 
        the OSCE, the European Union, and the United Nations; 
        and
          (2) the Department of State should thoroughly 
        document acts of anti-Semitism that occur around the 
        world.

SEC. 4. REPORTS.

    Not later than November 15, 2004, the Secretary of State 
shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committee on International Relations of the 
House of Representatives a one-time report on acts of anti-
Semitism around the world, including a description of--
          (1) acts of physical violence against, or harassment 
        of, Jewish people, and acts of violence against, or 
        vandalism of, Jewish community institutions, such as 
        schools, synagogues, or cemeteries, that occurred in 
        each country;
          (2) the responses of the governments of those 
        countries to such actions;
          (3) the actions taken by such governments to enact 
        and enforce laws relating to the protection of the 
        right to religious freedom of Jewish people;
          (4) the efforts by such governments to promote anti-
        bias and tolerance education; and
          (5) instances of propaganda in government and 
        nongovernment media that attempt to justify or promote 
        racial hatred or incite acts of violence against Jewish 
        people.

SEC. 5. AUTHORIZATION FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE TO MONITOR AND COMBAT 
                    ANTI-SEMITISM.

    The State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is 
amended by adding after section 58 (22 U.S.C. 2730) the 
following new section: * * * \3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ Sec. 5 added a new sec. 59 to the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956, relating to monitoring and combating anti-
semitism; for text see page 64.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 6. INCLUSION IN DEPARTMENT OF STATE ANNUAL REPORTS OF INFORMATION 
                    CONCERNING ACTS OF ANTI-SEMITISM IN FOREIGN 
                    COUNTRIES.

    (a) Inclusion in Country Reports on Human Rights 
Practices.--The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 
et seq.) is amended--* * * \4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ Sec. 6(a) amended the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 at sec. 
116 and 502B, relating to annual human rights reports. For amended 
text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Inclusion in Annual Report on International Religious 
Freedom.--Section 102(b)(1)(A) of the International Religious 
Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6412(b)(1)(A)) is amended--* * * 
\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ Sec. 6(a) amended the International Religious Freedom Act of 
1998 at sec. 102. For amended text, see page 1269.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) \6\ Effective Date of Inclusions.--The amendments made 
by subsections (a) and (b) shall apply beginning with the first 
report under sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d) and 2304(b)) and 
section 102(b) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 
1998 (22 U.S.C. 6312(b)) submitted more than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\ 22 U.S.C. 2151n note.
                 e. Northern Uganda Crisis Response Act

  Public Law 108-283 [S. 2264], 118 Stat. 912, approved August 2, 2004

  AN ACT To require a report on the conflict in Uganda, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Northern Uganda Crisis 
Response Act''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) The United States and the Republic of Uganda 
        enjoy a strong bilateral relationship and continue to 
        work closely together in fighting the human 
        immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency 
        syndrome (``HIV/AIDS'') pandemic and combating 
        international terrorism.
          (2) For more than 17 years, the Government of Uganda 
        has been engaged in a conflict with the Lord's 
        Resistance Army that has inflicted hardship and 
        suffering on the people of northern and eastern Uganda.
          (3) The members of the Lord's Resistance Army have 
        used brutal tactics during this conflict, including 
        abducting and forcing individuals into sexual 
        servitude, and forcing a large number of children, 
        estimated to be between 16,000 and 26,000 children, in 
        Uganda to serve in such Army's military forces.
          (4) The Secretary of State has designated the Lord's 
        Resistance Army as a terrorist organization and placed 
        the Lord's Resistance Army on the Terrorist Exclusion 
        list pursuant to section 212(a)(3) of the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)).
          (5) According to Human Rights Watch, since the mid-
        1990s the only known sponsor of the Lord's Resistance 
        Army has been the Government of Sudan, though such 
        Government denies providing assistance to the Lord's 
        Resistance Army.
          (6) More than 1,000,000 people have been displaced 
        from their homes in Uganda as a result of the conflict.
          (7) The conflict has resulted in a lack of security 
        for the people of Uganda, and as a result of such lack, 
        each night more than 18,000 children leave their homes 
        and flee to the relative safety of town centers, 
        creating a massive ``night commuter'' phenomenon that 
        leaves already vulnerable children subject to 
        exploitation and abuse.
          (8) Individuals who have been displaced by the 
        conflict in Uganda often suffer from acute malnutrition 
        and the mortality rate for children in northern Uganda 
        who have been displaced is very high.
          (9) In the latter part of 2003, humanitarian and 
        human rights organizations operating in northern Uganda 
        reported an increase in violence directed at their 
        efforts and at civilians, including a sharp increase in 
        child abductions.
          (10) The Government of Uganda's military efforts to 
        resolve this conflict, including the arming and 
        training of local militia forces, have not ensured the 
        security of civilian populations in the region to date.
          (11) The continued instability and lack of security 
        in Uganda has severely hindered the ability of any 
        organization or governmental entity to deliver regular 
        humanitarian assistance and services to individuals who 
        have been displaced or otherwise negatively affected by 
        the conflict.

SEC. 3. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Government of the 
United States should--
          (1) work vigorously to support ongoing efforts to 
        explore the prospects for a peaceful resolution of the 
        conflict in northern and eastern Uganda;
          (2) work with the Government of Uganda and the 
        international community to make available sufficient 
        resources to meet the immediate relief and development 
        needs of the towns and cities in Uganda that are 
        supporting large numbers of people who have been 
        displaced by the conflict;
          (3) urge the Government of Uganda and the 
        international community to assume greater 
        responsibility for the protection of civilians and 
        economic development in regions in Uganda affected by 
        the conflict, and to place a high priority on providing 
        security, economic development, and humanitarian 
        assistance to the people of Uganda;
          (4) work with the international community, the 
        Government of Uganda, and civil society in northern and 
        eastern Uganda to develop a plan whereby those now 
        displaced may return to their homes or to other 
        locations where they may become economically 
        productive;
          (5) urge the leaders and members of the Lord's 
        Resistance Army to stop the abduction of children, and 
        urge all armed forces in Uganda to stop the use of 
        child soldiers, and seek the release of all individuals 
        who have been abducted;
          (6) make available increased resources for assistance 
        to individuals who were abducted during the conflict, 
        child soldiers, and other children affected by the 
        conflict;
          (7) work with the Government of Uganda, other 
        countries, and international organizations to ensure 
        that sufficient resources and technical support are 
        devoted to the demobilization and reintegration of 
        rebel combatants and abductees forced by their captors 
        to serve in non-combatant support roles;
          (8) cooperate with the international community to 
        support civil society organizations and leaders in 
        Uganda, including Acholi religious leaders, who are 
        working toward a just and lasting resolution to the 
        conflict;
          (9) urge the Government of Uganda to improve the 
        professionalism of Ugandan military personnel currently 
        stationed in northern and eastern Uganda, with an 
        emphasis on respect for human rights, accountability 
        for abuses, and effective civilian protection;
          (10) work with the international community to assist 
        institutions of civil society in Uganda to increase the 
        capacity of such institutions to monitor the human 
        rights situation in northern Uganda and to raise 
        awareness of abuses of human rights that occur in that 
        area;
          (11) urge the Government of Uganda to permit 
        international human rights monitors to establish a 
        presence in northern and eastern Uganda;
          (12) monitor the creation of civilian militia forces 
        in northern and eastern Uganda and publicize any 
        concerns regarding the recruitment of children into 
        such forces or the potential that the establishment of 
        such forces will invite increased targeting of 
        civilians in the conflict or exacerbate ethnic tension 
        and violence; and
          (13) make clear that the relationship between the 
        Government of Sudan and the Government of the United 
        States cannot improve unless no credible evidence 
        indicates that authorities of the Government of Sudan 
        are complicit in efforts to provide weapons or other 
        support to the Lord's Resistance Army.

SEC. 4. REPORT.

    (a) Requirements.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees on the 
conflict in Uganda.
    (b) Content.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include a description of the following:
          (1) The individuals or entities that are providing 
        financial and material support for the Lord's 
        Resistance Army, including a description of any such 
        support provided by the Government of Sudan or by 
        senior officials of such Government.
          (2) The activities of the Lord's Resistance Army that 
        create obstacles that prohibit the provision of 
        humanitarian assistance or the protection of the 
        civilian population in Uganda.
          (3) The practices employed by the Ugandan People's 
        Defense Forces in northern and eastern Uganda to ensure 
        that children and civilians are protected, that 
        civilian complaints are addressed, and that any member 
        of the armed forces that abuses a civilian is held 
        accountable for such abuse.
          (4) The actions carried out by the Government of the 
        United States, the Government of Uganda, or the 
        international community to protect civilians, 
        especially women and children, who have been displaced 
        by the conflict in Uganda, including women and children 
        that leave their homes and flee to cities and towns at 
        night in search of security from sexual exploitation 
        and gender-based violence.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
means the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives.
        f. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003

    Partial text of Public Law 107-228 [H.R. 1646], 116 Stat. 1350, 
                      approved September 30, 2002

  AN ACT To authorize appropriations for the Department of State for 
  fiscal year 2003, to authorize appropriations under the Arms Export 
    Control Act and the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for security 
        assistance for fiscal year 2003, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled,


          Note.--This Act amends several State Department and 
        foreign relations-related laws that appear elsewhere in 
        this volume. See the Act to Establish a Commission on 
        Security and Cooperation in Europe, beginning at page 
        1755; Asia Foundation Act, page 1422; Foreign Affairs 
        Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, page 873; Foreign 
        Service Act of 1980, page 706; Human Rights, Refugee, 
        and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996, 
        page 1473; International Center Act, page 1314; 
        International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, page 1263; 
        Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, page 
        1333; Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 
        1961, page 1557; Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
        Antiterrorism Act of 1986, page 1101; State Department 
        Basic Authorities Act of 1956, page 7; Trafficking 
        Victims Protection Act of 2000 and Victims of 
        Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, volume 
        I-A; Vietnam Education Foundation Act of 2000, page 
        1595; and various Foreign Relations Authorizations 
        Acts, beginning at page 221.



SECTION 1.\1\ SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 22 U.S.C. 2651 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into two divisions as 
follows:
          (1) Division a.--Department of State Authorization 
        Act, Fiscal Year 2003.
          (2) Division b.--Security Assistance Act of 2002.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:
                                                                    Page

Sec. 1. Short title...............................................   148
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.....   148
Sec. 3. Definitions...............................................   154

   DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEAR 2003

Sec. 101. Short title.............................................   155

                TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Department of State

Sec. 111. Administration of foreign affairs.......................   155
Sec. 112. United States educational, cultural, and public 
    diplomacy programs............................................   157
Sec. 113. Contributions to international organizations............   160
Sec. 114. International Commissions...............................   161
Sec. 115. Migration and refugee assistance........................   162
Sec. 116. Grants to The Asia Foundation [amends other legislation]

     Subtitle B--United States International Broadcasting Activities

Sec. 121. Authorizations of appropriations........................   163

        TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

              Subtitle A--Basic Authorities and Activities

Sec. 201. Emergency evacuation services [amends other legislation]
Sec. 202. Special agent authorities...............................   164
Sec. 203. International Litigation Fund [amends other legislation]
Sec. 204. State Department records of overseas deaths of United 
    States citizens from nonnatural causes [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 205. Foreign Relations Historical Series [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 206. Expansion of eligibility for award of certain 
    construction contracts [amends other legislation]
Sec. 207. International Chancery Center [amends other legislation]
Sec. 208. Travel to Great Lakes fisheries meetings................   165
Sec. 209. Correction of Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 210. Use of funds received by the International Boundary and 
    Water Commission..............................................   166
Sec. 211. Fee collections relating to intercountry adoptions and 
    affidavits of support [amends other legislation]
Sec. 212. Annual reports on compliance with The Hague Convention 
    on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 213. Repeal of provision regarding housing for Foreign 
    Agricultural Attaches.........................................   166
Sec. 214. United States policy with respect to Jerusalem as the 
    capital of Israel.............................................   166
Sec. 215. Report concerning efforts to promote Israel's diplomatic 
    relations with other countries................................   167
Sec. 216. Continuation of reporting requirements [amends other 
    legislation]

   Subtitle B--Educational, Cultural, and Public Diplomacy Authorities

Sec. 221. Fulbright-Hays Act authorities [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 222. Extension of requirement for scholarships for Tibetans 
    and Burmese [amends other legislation]
Sec. 223. Plan for achievement of public diplomacy objectives.....   168
Sec. 224. Advisory Committee on Cultural Diplomacy................   168
Sec. 225. Allocation of funds for ``American Corners'' in the 
    Russian Federation............................................   169
Sec. 226. Report relating to Commission on Security and 
    Cooperation in Europe [amends other legislation]
Sec. 227. Amendments to the Vietnam Education Foundation Act of 
    2000 [amends other legislation]
Sec. 228. Ethical issues in international health research.........   170
Sec. 229. Conforming amendments [amends other legislation]

                    Subtitle C--Consular Authorities

Sec. 231. Report on visa issuance to inadmissible aliens [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 232. Denial of entry into United States of Chinese and other 
    nationals engaged in coerced organ or bodily tissue 
    transplantation...............................................   171
Sec. 233. Processing of visa applications.........................   171
Sec. 234. Machine readable visas [amends other legislation]

                   Subtitle D--Migration and Refugees

Sec. 241. Prohibition on funding the involuntary return of 
    refugees [amends other legislation]
Sec. 242. United States membership in the International 
    Organization for Migration [amends other legislation]
Sec. 243. Report on overseas refugee processing...................   172

    TITLE III--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                   Subtitle A--Organizational Matters

Sec. 301. Comprehensive workforce plan............................   173
Sec. 302. ``Rightsizing'' overseas posts..........................   174
Sec. 303. Qualifications of certain officers of the Department of 
    State [amends other legislation]

                      Subtitle B--Personnel Matters

Sec. 311. Thomas Jefferson Star for Foreign Service [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 312. Presidential rank awards [amends other legislation]
Sec. 313. Foreign Service National Savings Fund [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 314. Clarification of separation for cause [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 315. Dependents on family visitation travel..................   175
Sec. 316. Health education and disease prevention programs [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 317. Correction of time limitation for grievance filing 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 318. Training authorities [amends other legislation]
Sec. 319. Unaccompanied air baggage...............................   175
Sec. 320. Emergency medical advance payments......................   176
Sec. 321. Retirement credit for certain Government service 
    performed abroad..............................................   176
Sec. 322. Computation of Foreign Service retirement annuities as 
    if Washington, D.C., locality-based comparability payments 
    were made to overseas-stationed Foreign Service members.......   179
Sec. 323. Plan for improving recruitment of veterans into the 
    Foreign Service...............................................   180
Sec. 324. Report concerning minority employment...................   180
Sec. 325. Use of funds authorized for minority recruitment........   181
Sec. 326. Assignments and details of personnel to the American 
    Institute in Taiwan [amends other legislation]
Sec. 327. Annual reports on foreign language competence [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 328. Travel of children of members of the Foreign Service 
    assigned abroad [amends other legislation]

                  TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Sec. 401. Payment of third installment of arrearages..............   182
Sec. 402. Limitation on the United States share of assessments for 
    United Nations peacekeeping operations in calendar years 2001 
    through 2004..................................................   182
Sec. 403. Limitation on the United States share of assessments for 
    United Nations regular budget [amends other legislation]
Sec. 404. Promotion of sound financial practices by the United 
    Nations.......................................................   183
Sec. 405. Reports to Congress on United Nations activities........   184
Sec. 406. Use of secret ballots within the United Nations.........   184
Sec. 407. Sense of Congress relating to membership of the United 
    States in UNESCO..............................................   184
Sec. 408. United States membership on the United Nations 
    Commission on Human Rights and International Narcotics Control 
    Board.........................................................   184
Sec. 409. Plan for enhanced Department of State efforts to place 
    United States citizens in positions of employment in the 
    United Nations and its specialized agencies...................   185

 TITLE V--UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACTIVITIES [see page 
                                  1701]

Sec. 501. Modification of limitation on grant amounts to RFE/RL, 
    Incorporated
Sec. 502. Pay parity for senior executives of RFE/RL, Incorporated
Sec. 503. Authority to contract for local broadcasting services 
    outside the United States
Sec. 504. Personal services contracting pilot program
Sec. 505. Travel by Voice of America correspondents
Sec. 506. Report on broadcasting personnel
Sec. 507. Conforming amendments

                   TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

  Subtitle A--Middle East Peace Commitments Act of 2002 [see vol. I-B]

Sec. 601. Short title
Sec. 602. Findings
Sec. 603. Reports
Sec. 604. Imposition of sanctions

                        Subtitle B--Tibet Policy

Sec. 611. Short title.............................................   185
Sec. 612. Statement of purpose....................................   185
Sec. 613. Tibet negotiations......................................   185
Sec. 614. Reporting on Tibet......................................   186
Sec. 615. Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's 
    Republic of China.............................................   186
Sec. 616. Economic development in Tibet...........................   186
Sec. 617. Release of prisoners and access to prisons..............   187
Sec. 618. Establishment of a United States branch office in Lhasa, 
    Tibet.........................................................   187
Sec. 619. Requirement for Tibetan language training...............   187
Sec. 620. Religious persecution in Tibet..........................   187
Sec. 621. United States Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues....   188

      Subtitle C--East Timor Transition to Independence Act of 2002

Sec. 631. Short title.............................................   188
Sec. 632. Bilateral assistance....................................   189
Sec. 633. Multilateral assistance.................................   189
Sec. 634. Trade and investment assistance.........................   189
Sec. 635. Generalized System of Preferences.......................   190
Sec. 636. Authority for radio broadcasting........................   190
Sec. 637. Security assistance for East Timor......................   190
Sec. 638. Reporting requirement...................................   191

          Subtitle D--Clean Water for the Americas Partnership

Sec. 641. Short title.............................................   191
Sec. 642. Definitions.............................................   191
Sec. 643. Establishment of program................................   192
Sec. 644. Environmental assessment................................   192
Sec. 645. Establishment of Technology America Centers.............   192
Sec. 646. Promotion of water quality, water treatment systems, and 
    energy efficiency.............................................   193
Sec. 647. Grants for prefeasibility studies within a designated 
    subregion.....................................................   193
Sec. 648. Clean Water Technical Support Committee.................   193
Sec. 649. Authorization of appropriations.........................   194
Sec. 650. Report..................................................   194
Sec. 651. Termination date........................................   194
Sec. 652. Effective date..........................................   194

               Subtitle E--Freedom Investment Act of 2002

Sec. 661. Short title.............................................   194
Sec. 662. Purposes................................................   194
Sec. 663. Human rights activities at the Department of State......   195
Sec. 664. Human Rights and Democracy Fund.........................   195
Sec. 665. Reports on actions taken by the United States to 
    encourage respect for human rights............................   196

   Subtitle F--Elimination and Streamlining of Reporting Requirements

Sec. 671. Elimination of certain reporting requirements...........   196
Sec. 672. Biennial reports on programs to encourage good 
    governance....................................................   197

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 681. Amendments to the International Religious Freedom Act of 
    1998 [amends other legislation]
Sec. 682. Amendments to the Victims of Trafficking and Violence 
    Protection Act of 2000 [amends other legislation]
Sec. 683. Annual human rights country reports on child soldiers 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 684. Extension of authority for Caucus on International 
    Narcotics Control [amends other legislation]
Sec. 685. Participation of South Asian countries in international 
    law enforcement...............................................   198
Sec. 686. Payment of anti-terrorism judgments [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 687. Reports on participation by small businesses in 
    procurement contracts of USAID................................   198
Sec. 688. Program to improve building construction and practices 
    in Latin American countries...................................   201
Sec. 689. Sense of Congress relating to HIV/AIDS and United 
    Nations peacekeeping operations...............................   201
Sec. 690. Sense of Congress relating to Magen David Adom Society..   202
Sec. 691. Sense of Congress regarding the location of Peace Corps 
    offices abroad................................................   202
Sec. 692. Sense of Congress relating to resolution of the Taiwan 
    Strait issue..................................................   202
Sec. 693. Sense of Congress relating to display of the American 
    flag at the American Institute in Taiwan......................   203
Sec. 694. Reports on activities in Colombia.......................   203
Sec. 695. Report on United States-sponsored activities in Colombia   204
Sec. 696. Report on extradition policy and practice...............   204
Sec. 697. Special Court for Sierra Leone..........................   205
Sec. 698. United States Envoy for Peace in Sudan..................   205
Sec. 699. Transfer of proscribed weapons to persons or entities in 
    the West Bank and Gaza........................................   205
Sec. 700. Sense of Congress relating to arsenic contamination in 
    drinking water in Bangladesh..................................   206
Sec. 701. Policing reform and human rights in Northern Ireland....   206
Sec. 702. Annual reports on United States-Vietnam human rights 
    dialogue meetings.............................................   208
Sec. 703. Sense of Congress regarding human rights violations in 
    Indonesia.....................................................   209
Sec. 704. Report concerning the German Foundation ``Remembrance, 
    Responsibility, and the Future''..............................   209
Sec. 705. Sense of Congress on return of portraits of holocaust 
    victims to the artist Dina Babbitt............................   210
Sec. 706. International drug control certification procedures.....   211

       DIVISION B--SECURITY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 2002 [see vol. I-B]

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 1001. Short title
Sec. 1002. Definitions

 TITLE XI--VERIFICATION OF ARMS CONTROL AND NONPROLIFERATION AGREEMENTS

Sec. 1101. Verification and Compliance Bureau personnel
Sec. 1102. Key Verification Assets Fund
Sec. 1103. Revised verification and compliance reporting 
    requirements

               TITLE XII--MILITARY AND RELATED ASSISTANCE

      Subtitle A--Foreign Military Sales and Financing Authorities

Sec. 1201. Authorization of appropriations
Sec. 1202. Relationship of Foreign Military Sales to United States 
    nonproliferation interests
Sec. 1203. Official reception and representation expenses
Sec. 1204. Arms Export Control Act prohibition on transactions 
    with countries that have repeatedly provided support for acts 
    of international terrorism
Sec. 1205. Congressional notification of small arms and light 
    weapons license approvals; reports
Sec. 1206. Treatment of Taiwan relating to transfers of defense 
    articles and defense services

        Subtitle B--International Military Education and Training

Sec. 1211. Authorization of appropriations
Sec. 1212. Human rights violations
Sec. 1213. Participation in post-undergraduate flying training and 
    tactical leadership programs

               Subtitle C--Assistance for Select Countries

Sec. 1221. Assistance for Israel and Egypt
Sec. 1222. Security assistance for Greece and Turkey
Sec. 1223. Security assistance for certain other countries
Sec. 1224. Assistance for Lebanon

       Subtitle D--Excess Defense Article and Drawdown Authorities

Sec. 1231. Excess defense articles for certain countries
Sec. 1232. Annual listing of possible excess defense articles
Sec. 1233. Leases of defense articles for foreign countries and 
    international organizations
Sec. 1234. Priority with respect to transfer of excess defense 
    articles

             Subtitle E--Other Political-Military Assistance

Sec. 1241. Destruction of surplus weapons stockpiles

                  Subtitle F--Antiterrorism Assistance

Sec. 1251. Authorization of appropriations

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Additions to United States War Reserve Stockpiles for 
    Allies
Sec. 1262. Revised military assistance reporting requirements
Sec. 1263. Consultation with Congress with regard to Taiwan

       TITLE XIII--NONPROLIFERATION AND EXPORT CONTROL ASSISTANCE

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1301. Authorization of appropriations
Sec. 1302. Nonproliferation technology acquisition programs for 
    friendly foreign countries
Sec. 1303. International nonproliferation and export control 
    training
Sec. 1304. Relocation of scientists
Sec. 1305. International Atomic Energy Agency regular budget 
    assessments and voluntary contributions
Sec. 1306. Amendments to the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000
Sec. 1307. Amendments to the North Korea Threat Reduction Act of 
    1999
Sec. 1308. Annual reports on the proliferation of missiles and 
    essential components of nuclear, biological, chemical, and 
    radiological weapons
Sec. 1309. Three-year international arms control and 
    nonproliferation strategy

   Subtitle B--Russian Federation Debt Reduction for Nonproliferation

Sec. 1311. Short title
Sec. 1312. Findings and purposes
Sec. 1313. Definitions
Sec. 1314. Authority to reduce the Russian Federation's Soviet-era 
    debt obligations to the United States
Sec. 1315. Russian Federation Nonproliferation Investment 
    Agreement
Sec. 1316. Independent media and the rule of law
Sec. 1317. Restriction on debt reduction authority
Sec. 1318. Discussion of Russian Federation debt reduction for 
    nonproliferation with other creditor states
Sec. 1319. Implementation of United States policy
Sec. 1320. Consultations with Congress
Sec. 1321. Annual reports to Congress

          Subtitle C--Nonproliferation Assistance Coordination

Sec. 1331. Short title
Sec. 1332. Findings
Sec. 1333. Definitions
Sec. 1334. Establishment of Committee on Nonproliferation 
    Assistance
Sec. 1335. Purposes and authority
Sec. 1336. Administrative support
Sec. 1337. Confidentiality of information
Sec. 1338. Statutory construction
Sec. 1339. Reporting and consultation

      Subtitle D--Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 2002

Sec. 1341. Short title
Sec. 1342. Withholding of voluntary contributions to the 
    International Atomic Energy Agency for programs and projects 
    in Iran
Sec. 1343. Annual review by Secretary of State of programs and 
    projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency; United 
    States opposition to certain programs and projects of the 
    Agency
Sec. 1344. Reporting requirements
Sec. 1345. Sense of Congress

          TITLE XIV--EXPEDITING THE MUNITIONS LICENSING PROCESS

Sec. 1401. License officer staffing
Sec. 1402. Funding for database automation
Sec. 1403. Information management priorities
Sec. 1404. Improvements to the Automated Export System
Sec. 1405. Adjustment of threshold amounts for congressional 
    review purposes
Sec. 1406. Congressional notification of removal of items from the 
    Munitions List

             TITLE XV--NATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE STRATEGY

Sec. 1501. Briefing on the strategy
Sec. 1502. Security assistance surveys

                   TITLE XVI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 1601. Nuclear and missile nonproliferation in South Asia
Sec. 1602. Real-time public availability of raw seismological data
Sec. 1603. Detailing United States governmental personnel to 
    international arms control and nonproliferation organizations
Sec. 1604. Diplomatic presence overseas
Sec. 1605. Compliance with the Chemical Weapons Convention

             TITLE XVII--AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER NAVAL VESSELS

Sec. 1701. Authority to transfer naval vessels to certain foreign 
    countries

SEC. 3.\2\ DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ 22 U.S.C. 2651 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
        Committee on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives.
          (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of State.
          (3) Secretary.--Except as otherwise provided, the 
        term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of State.

  DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEAR 2003

SEC. 101.\2\ SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Department of State 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003''.

               TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

                    Subtitle A--Department of State

SEC. 111. ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

    (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated for the Department under ``Administration of 
Foreign Affairs'' to carry out the authorities, functions, 
duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign 
affairs of the United States, and for other purposes authorized 
by law, including public diplomacy activities and the 
diplomatic security program:
          (1) \3\ Diplomatic and consular programs.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 86), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``diplomatic and consular programs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Department of State and the Foreign 
Service not otherwise provided for, including employment, without 
regard to civil service and classification laws, of persons on a 
temporary basis (not to exceed $700,000 of this appropriation), as 
authorized by section 801 of the United States Information and 
Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended; representation to certain 
international organizations in which the United States participates 
pursuant to treaties ratified pursuant to the advice and consent of the 
Senate or specific Acts of Congress; arms control, nonproliferation and 
disarmament activities as authorized; acquisition by exchange or 
purchase of passenger motor vehicles as authorized by law; and for 
expenses of general administration, $3,269,258,000: Provided, That, of 
the amount made available under this heading, not to exceed $4,000,000 
may be transferred to, and merged with, funds in the `Emergencies in 
the Diplomatic and Consular Service' appropriations account, to be 
available only for emergency evacuations and terrorism rewards: 
Provided further, That, of the amount made available under this 
heading, $292,693,000 shall be available only for public diplomacy 
international information programs: Provided further, That, of the 
amount made available under this heading, $500,000 shall be available 
only for grants to the participating organizations in the War Against 
Trafficking Alliance for activities and services related to 
preparation, execution and follow-up for an international conference on 
sex trafficking: Provided further, That the Secretary shall appoint an 
advisory panel, reporting directly to the Secretary, to assess policy 
goals and program priorities with regard to United States relations 
with the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa and to advise the Secretary of 
any related findings and recommendations: Provided further, That this 
panel shall not be considered to be a Federal advisory committee for 
purposes of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App): Provided 
further, That funds available under this heading may be available for a 
United States Government interagency task force to examine, coordinate 
and oversee United States participation in the United Nations 
headquarters renovation project: Provided further, That no funds may be 
obligated or expended for processing licenses for the export of 
satellites of United States origin (including commercial satellites and 
satellite components) to the People's Republic of China unless, at 
least 15 days in advance, the Committees on Appropriations of the House 
of Representatives and the Senate are notified of such proposed action.
    ``In addition, not to exceed $1,343,000 shall be derived from fees 
collected from other executive agencies for lease or use of facilities 
located at the International Center in accordance with section 4 of the 
International Center Act, as amended; in addition, as authorized by 
section 5 of such Act, $490,000, to be derived from the reserve 
authorized by that section, to be used for the purposes set out in that 
section; in addition, as authorized by section 810 of the United States 
Information and Educational Exchange Act, not to exceed $6,000,000, to 
remain available until expended, may be credited to this appropriation 
from fees or other payments received from English teaching, library, 
motion pictures, and publication programs and from fees from 
educational advising and counseling and exchange visitor programs; and, 
in addition, not to exceed $15,000, which shall be derived from 
reimbursements, surcharges, and fees for use of Blair House facilities.
    ``In addition, for the costs of worldwide security upgrades, 
$553,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) Authorization of appropriations.--For 
                ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'', 
                $4,030,023,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
                  (B) Worldwide security upgrades.--Of the 
                amount authorized to be appropriated by 
                subparagraph (A), $564,000,000 for the fiscal 
                year 2003 is authorized to be appropriated for 
                worldwide security upgrades.
                  (C) Bureau of democracy, human rights, and 
                labor.--Of the amount authorized to be 
                appropriated by subparagraph (A), $20,000,000 
                for the fiscal year 2003 is authorized to be 
                appropriated for salaries and expenses of the 
                Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
                  (D) Recruitment of minority groups.--Of the 
                amount authorized to be appropriated by 
                subparagraph (A), $2,000,000 for the fiscal 
                year 2003 is authorized to be appropriated for 
                the recruitment of members of minority groups 
                for careers in the Foreign Service and 
                international affairs.
          (2) \4\ Capital investment fund.--For ``Capital 
        Investment Fund'', $200,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 87), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``capital investment fund
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Capital Investment Fund, 
$183,311,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized: 
Provided, That section 135(e) of Public Law 103-236 shall not apply to 
funds available under this heading.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3) \5\ Embassy security, construction and 
        maintenance.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 87), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``embassy security, construction, and maintenance
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses for carrying out the Foreign Service 
Buildings Act of 1926, as amended (22 U.S.C. 292-300), preserving, 
maintaining, repairing, and planning for buildings that are owned or 
directly leased by the Department of State, renovating, in addition to 
funds otherwise available, the Harry S Truman Building, and carrying 
out the Diplomatic Security Construction Program as authorized, 
$508,500,000, to remain available until expended as authorized, of 
which not to exceed $25,000 may be used for domestic and overseas 
representation as authorized: Provided, That none of the funds 
appropriated in this paragraph shall be available for acquisition of 
furniture, furnishings, or generators for other departments and 
agencies.
    ``In addition, for the costs of worldwide security upgrades, 
acquisition, and construction as authorized, $755,000,000, to remain 
available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) In general.--For ``Embassy Security, 
                Construction and Maintenance'', $555,000,000 
                for the fiscal year 2003, in addition to 
                amounts otherwise authorized to be appropriated 
                for such purpose by section 604 of the Admiral 
                James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign 
                Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 
                and 2001 (as enacted into law by section 
                1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113 and contained 
                in appendix G of that Act; 113 Stat. 1501A-
                470).
                  (B) Amendment of the nance-donovan foreign 
                relations authorization Act.--Section 604(a)(4) 
                of that Act (113 Stat. 1501A-453) is amended by 
                striking ``$900,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$1,000,000,000''.
          (4) \6\ Representation allowances.--For 
        ``Representation Allowances'', $9,000,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 87), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``representation allowances
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For representation allowances as authorized, $6,485,000.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (5) \7\ Protection of foreign missions and 
        officials.--For ``Protection of Foreign Missions and 
        Officials'', $11,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 87), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``protection of foreign missions and officials
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided, to enable the Secretary of 
State to provide for extraordinary protective services, as authorized, 
$11,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 2004.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (6) \8\ Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular 
        service.--For ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and 
        Consular Service'', $15,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 88), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses necessary to enable the Secretary of State to meet 
unforeseen emergencies arising in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, 
$6,500,000, to remain available until expended as authorized, of which 
not to exceed $1,000,000 may be transferred to and merged with the 
Repatriation Loans Program Account, subject to the same terms and 
conditions.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (7) \9\ Repatriation loans.--For ``Repatriation 
        Loans'', $1,250,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 88), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``repatriation loans program account
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For the cost of direct loans, $612,000, as authorized: Provided, 
That such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be 
as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. In 
addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out the direct 
loan program, $607,000, which may be transferred to and merged with the 
Diplomatic and Consular Programs account under Administration of 
Foreign Affairs.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (8) \10\ Payment to the american institute in 
        taiwan.--For ``Payment to the American Institute in 
        Taiwan'', $18,817,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 88), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``payment to the american institute in taiwan
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to carry out the Taiwan Relations Act, 
Public Law 96-8, $18,450,000.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (9) \11\ Office of the inspector general.--For 
        ``Office of the Inspector General'', $30,800,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \11\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 86), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``office of inspector general
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General, 
$29,264,000, notwithstanding section 209(a)(1) of the Foreign Service 
Act of 1980, as amended (Public Law 96-465), as it relates to post 
inspections.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Availability of Funds for Protection of Foreign 
Missions and Officials.--The amount appropriated pursuant to 
subsection (a)(5) is authorized to remain available through 
September 30, 2004.

SEC. 112. UNITED STATES EDUCATIONAL, CULTURAL, AND PUBLIC DIPLOMACY 
                    PROGRAMS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for 
the Department to carry out public diplomacy programs of the 
Department under the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948, the Mutual Educational and Cultural 
Exchange Act of 1961, Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1977, the 
Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, the 
Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and 
West Act of 1960, the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Act 
of 1991, and the National Endowment for Democracy Act, and to 
carry out other authorities in law consistent with such 
purposes:
          (1) Educational and cultural exchange programs.--
                  (A) Fulbright academic exchange programs.--
                          (i) In general.--For the ``Fulbright 
                        Academic Exchange Programs'' (other 
                        than programs described in subparagraph 
                        (B)), $135,000,000 for the fiscal year 
                        2003.
                          (ii) Vietnam fulbright academic 
                        exchange program.--Of the amount 
                        authorized to be appropriated by clause 
                        (i), $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 
                        2003 is authorized to be available to 
                        carry out the Vietnam scholarship 
                        program established by section 229 of 
                        the Foreign Relations Authorization 
                        Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public 
                        Law 102-138).
                          (iii) New century scholars 
                        initiative--hiv/aids.--Of the amount 
                        authorized to be appropriated under 
                        clause (i), $1,000,000 for the fiscal 
                        year 2003 is authorized to be available 
                        for HIV/AIDS research and mitigation 
                        strategies under the Health Issues in a 
                        Border-Less World academic program of 
                        the New Century Scholars Initiative.
                  (B) Other educational and cultural exchange 
                programs.--
                          (i) In general.--For other 
                        educational and cultural exchange 
                        programs authorized by law, 
                        $125,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
                          (ii) Tibetan exchanges.--Of the 
                        amount authorized to be appropriated by 
                        clause (i), $500,000 for the fiscal 
                        year 2003 is authorized to be available 
                        for ``Ngawang Choephel Exchange 
                        Programs'' (formerly known as 
                        ``programs of educational and cultural 
                        exchange between the United States and 
                        the people of Tibet'') under section 
                        103(a) of the Human Rights, Refugee, 
                        and Other Foreign Relations Provisions 
                        Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-319).
                          (iii) East timorese scholarships.--Of 
                        the amount authorized to be 
                        appropriated by clause (i), $500,000 
                        for the fiscal year 2003 is authorized 
                        to be available for ``East Timorese 
                        Scholarships''.
                          (iv) Montenegro parliamentary 
                        development.--Of the amount authorized 
                        to be appropriated by clause (i), 
                        $500,000 for the fiscal year 2003 is 
                        authorized to be available for a 
                        program of parliamentary development 
                        and exchanges in Montenegro.
                          (v) South pacific exchanges.--Of the 
                        amount authorized to be appropriated 
                        under clause (i), $750,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2003 is authorized to be 
                        available for ``South Pacific 
                        Exchanges''.
                          (vi) \12\ Israel-arab peace partners 
                        program.--Of the amount authorized to 
                        be appropriated under clause (i), 
                        $750,000 for the fiscal year 2003 is 
                        authorized to be available for people-
                        to-people activities (with a focus on 
                        young people) to support the Middle 
                        East peace process involving 
                        participants from Israel, the 
                        Palestinian Authority, Arab countries, 
                        and the United States, to be known as 
                        the ``Israel-Arab Peace Partners 
                        Program''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \12\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 90), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``israeli arab scholarship program
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Israeli Arab Scholarship Program as 
authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), all interest and earnings 
accruing to the Israeli Arab Scholarship Fund on or before September 
30, 2003, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          (vii) Sudanese scholarships.--Of the 
                        amount authorized to be appropriated 
                        under clause (i), $500,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2003 is authorized to be 
                        available for scholarships for students 
                        from southern Sudan for secondary or 
                        postsecondary education in the United 
                        States, to be known as ``Sudanese 
                        Scholarships''.
          (2) \13\ National endowment for democracy.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \13\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 91), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``national endowment for democracy
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For grants made by the Department of State to the National 
Endowment for Democracy as authorized by the National Endowment for 
Democracy Act, $42,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) In general.--For the ``National Endowment 
                for Democracy'', $42,000,000 for the fiscal 
                year 2003.
                  (B) Reagan-fascell democracy fellows.--Of the 
                amount authorized to be appropriated under 
                subparagraph (A), $1,000,000 for the fiscal 
                year 2003 is authorized to be available for a 
                fellowship program known as the ``Reagan-
                Fascell Democracy Fellows'', for democracy 
                activists and scholars from around the world at 
                the International Forum for Democratic Studies 
                in Washington, D.C., to study, write, and 
                exchange views with other activists and 
                scholars and with Americans.
          (3) \14\ Center for cultural and technical 
        interchange between east and west.--For the ``Center 
        for Cultural and Technical Interchange between East and 
        West'', $15,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \14\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 90), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``east-west center
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``To enable the Secretary of State to provide for carrying out the 
provisions of the Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between 
East and West Act of 1960, by grant to the Center for Cultural and 
Technical Interchange Between East and West in the State of Hawaii, 
$18,000,000, of which $2,500,000 shall remain available until expended: 
Provided, That none of the funds appropriated herein shall be used to 
pay any salary, or enter into any contract providing for the payment 
thereof, in excess of the rate authorized by 5 U.S.C. 5376.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) Dante b. fascell north-south center.--For the 
        ``Dante B. Fascell North-South Center'', $2,500,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2003.

SEC. 113. CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) \15\ Assessed Contributions to International 
Organizations.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \15\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 88), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``International Organizations and Conferences

``contributions to international organizations
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to meet 
annual obligations of membership in international multilateral 
organizations, pursuant to treaties ratified pursuant to the advice and 
consent of the Senate, conventions or specific Acts of Congress, 
$866,000,000: Provided, That any payment of arrearages under this title 
shall be directed toward special activities that are mutually agreed 
upon by the United States and the respective international 
organization: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated in 
this paragraph shall be available for a United States contribution to 
an international organization for the United States share of interest 
costs made known to the United States Government by such organization 
for loans incurred on or after October 1, 1984, through external 
borrowings: Provided further, That funds appropriated under this 
paragraph may be obligated and expended to pay the full United States 
assessment to the civil budget of the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated under the heading 
        ``Contributions to International Organizations'' 
        $891,378,000 for the fiscal year 2003 for the 
        Department to carry out the authorities, functions, 
        duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of the 
        foreign affairs of the United States with respect to 
        international organizations and to carry out other 
        authorities in law consistent with such purposes.
          (2) Availability of funds for civil budget of nato.--
        Of the amount authorized to be appropriated under the 
        heading ``Contributions to International 
        Organizations'' for fiscal year 2003, and for each 
        fiscal year thereafter, such sums as may be necessary 
        are authorized for the United States assessment for the 
        civil budget of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
    (b) \16\ Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities.--There is authorized to be appropriated under the 
heading ``Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities'' $725,981,000 for the fiscal year 2003 for the 
Department to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
United States with respect to international peacekeeping 
activities and to carry out other authorities in law consistent 
with such purposes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \16\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 88), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``contributions for international peacekeeping activities
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to pay assessed and other expenses of 
international peacekeeping activities directed to the maintenance or 
restoration of international peace and security, $673,710,000, of which 
15 percent shall remain available until September 30, 2004: Provided, 
That none of the funds made available under this Act shall be obligated 
or expended for any new or expanded United Nations peacekeeping mission 
unless, at least 15 days in advance of voting for the new or expanded 
mission in the United Nations Security Council (or in an emergency as 
far in advance as is practicable): (1) the Committees on Appropriations 
of the House of Representatives and the Senate and other appropriate 
committees of the Congress are notified of the estimated cost and 
length of the mission, the vital national interest that will be served, 
and the planned exit strategy; and (2) a reprogramming of funds 
pursuant to section 605 of this Act is submitted, and the procedures 
therein followed, setting forth the source of funds that will be used 
to pay for the cost of the new or expanded mission: Provided further, 
That funds shall be available for peacekeeping expenses only upon a 
certification by the Secretary of State to the appropriate committees 
of the Congress that American manufacturers and suppliers are being 
given opportunities to provide equipment, services, and material for 
United Nations peacekeeping activities equal to those being given to 
foreign manufacturers and suppliers: Provided further, That none of the 
funds made available under this heading are available to pay the United 
States share of the cost of court monitoring that is part of any United 
Nations peacekeeping mission.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) Prohibition on Funding Other Framework Treaty-Based 
Organizations.--None of the funds made available for the 2002-
2003 biennium budget under subsection (a) for United States 
contributions to the regular budget of the United Nations may 
be available for the United States proportionate share of any 
framework treaty-based organization, including the Framework 
Convention on Global Climate Change, the International Seabed 
Authority, and the International Criminal Court.
    (d) Foreign Currency Exchange Rates.--
          (1) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to 
        the amount authorized to be appropriated by subsection 
        (a), there is authorized to be appropriated such sums 
        as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2003 to offset 
        adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange 
        rates.
          (2) Availability of funds.--Amounts appropriated 
        under this subsection may be available for obligation 
        and expenditure only to the extent that the Director of 
        the Office of Management and Budget determines and 
        certifies to the appropriate congressional committees 
        that such amounts are necessary due to such 
        fluctuations.
    (e) \17\ Refund of Excess Contributions.--The United States 
shall continue to insist that the United Nations and its 
specialized and affiliated agencies shall credit or refund to 
each member of the organization or agency concerned its 
proportionate share of the amount by which the total 
contributions to the organization or agency exceed the 
expenditures of the regular assessed budget of the organization 
or agency.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \17\ 22 U.S.C. 287e note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 114.\18\ INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated 
under ``International Commissions'' for the Department to carry 
out the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in 
the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States with 
respect to international commissions, and for other purposes 
authorized by law:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \18\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 89), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``International Commissions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for, to meet 
obligations of the United States arising under treaties, or specific 
Acts of Congress, as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``international boundary and water commission, united states and mexico
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses for the United States Section of the 
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico, 
and to comply with laws applicable to the United States Section, 
including not to exceed $6,000 for representation; as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``salaries and expenses
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For salaries and expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
$25,482,000.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``construction
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For detailed plan preparation and construction of authorized 
projects, $5,450,000, to remain available until expended, as 
authorized.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``american sections, international commissions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided, for the 
International Joint Commission and the International Boundary 
Commission, United States and Canada, as authorized by treaties between 
the United States and Canada or Great Britain, and for the Border 
Environment Cooperation Commission as authorized by Public Law 103-182, 
$9,472,000, of which not to exceed $9,000 shall be available for 
representation expenses incurred by the International Joint Commission.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``international fisheries commissions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses for international fisheries commissions, 
not otherwise provided for, as authorized by law, $17,100,000: 
Provided, That the United States' share of such expenses may be 
advanced to the respective commissions pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 3324.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) International boundary and water commission, 
        united states and mexico.--For ``International Boundary 
        and Water Commission, United States and Mexico''--
                  (A) for ``Salaries and Expenses'', 
                $28,387,000 for the fiscal year 2003; and
                  (B) for ``Construction'', $9,517,000 for the 
                fiscal year 2003.
          (2) International boundary commission, united states 
        and canada.--For ``International Boundary Commission, 
        United States and Canada'', $1,157,000 for the fiscal 
        year 2003.
          (3) International joint commission.--For 
        ``International Joint Commission'', $7,544,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2003.
          (4) International fisheries commissions.--For 
        ``International Fisheries Commissions'', $19,780,000 
        for the fiscal year 2003.

SEC. 115.\19\ MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE.

    (a) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated for 
the Department for ``Migration and Refugee Assistance'' for 
authorized activities, $820,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \19\ Appropriations for Migration and Refugee Assistance are 
administered by the State Department and provided for in the annual 
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act.
    Fiscal year 2003 appropriations levels and conditions were provided 
in title II of division E of Public Law 108-7 (117 Stat. 159):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``migration and refugee assistance
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable the 
Secretary of State to provide, as authorized by law, a contribution to 
the International Committee of the Red Cross, assistance to refugees, 
including contributions to the International Organization for Migration 
and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and other 
activities to meet refugee and migration needs; salaries and expenses 
of personnel and dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 
1980; allowances as authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of title 
5, United States Code; purchase and hire of passenger motor vehicles; 
and services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States 
Code, $787,000,000, which shall remain available until expended: 
Provided, That not more than $16,565,000 may be available for 
administrative expenses: Provided further, That not less than 
$60,000,000 of the funds made available under this heading may be made 
available for a headquarters contribution to the International 
Committee of the red Cross only if the Secretary of State determines 
(and so reports to the appropriate committees of Congress) that the 
Magen David Adom society of Israel is not being denied participation in 
the activities of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent 
Movement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``united states emergency refugee and migration assistance fund
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
2(c) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as amended 
(22 U.S.C. 260(c)), $26,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Refugees Resettling in Israel.--Of the amount 
authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a), $60,000,000 is 
authorized to be available for the fiscal year 2003 for the 
resettlement of refugees in Israel.
    (c) Tibetan Refugees in India and Nepal.--Of the amount 
authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a), $2,000,000 for 
the fiscal year 2003 is authorized to be available for 
humanitarian assistance, including food, medicine, clothing, 
and medical and vocational training, to Tibetan refugees in 
India and Nepal who have fled Chinese-occupied Tibet.
    (d) Humanitarian Assistance for Displaced Burmese.--Of the 
amount authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a), 
$2,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003 is authorized to be 
available for humanitarian assistance (including food, 
medicine, clothing, and medical and vocational training) to 
persons displaced as a result of civil conflict in Burma, 
including persons still within Burma.
    (e) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to 
this section are authorized to remain available until expended.

SEC. 116. GRANTS TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION.

    Section 404 of The Asia Foundation Act (title IV of Public 
Law 98-164; 22 U.S.C. 4403) is amended to read as follows: * * 
*

    Subtitle B--United States International Broadcasting Activities

SEC. 121. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out United States Government broadcasting 
activities under the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948, the United States International 
Broadcasting Act of 1994, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, 
the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and the Foreign 
Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, and to carry out 
other authorities in law consistent with such purposes:
          (1) \20\ International broadcasting operations.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \20\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 91), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``Broadcasting Board of Governors

``International Broadcasting Operations
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses necessary to enable the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors, as authorized, to carry out international communication 
activities, $468,898,000, of which not to exceed $16,000 may be used 
for official receptions within the United States as authorized, not to 
exceed $35,000 may be used for representation abroad as authorized, and 
not to exceed $39,000 may be used for official reception and 
representation expenses of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty; and in 
addition, notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to exceed 
$2,000,000 in receipts from advertising and revenue from business 
ventures, not to exceed $500,000 in receipts from cooperating 
international organizations, and not to exceed $1,000,000 in receipts 
from privatization efforts of the Voice of America and the 
International Broadcasting Bureau, to remain available until expended 
for carrying out authorized purposes.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) In general.--For ``International 
                Broadcasting Operations'', $485,823,000 for the 
                fiscal year 2003.
                  (B) Allocation of funds.--Of the amount 
                authorized to be appropriated by subparagraph 
                (A) for the fiscal year 2003, there is 
                authorized to be available for Radio Free Asia 
                $35,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
          (2) \21\ Broadcasting capital improvements.--For 
        ``Broadcasting Capital Improvements'', $13,740,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \21\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 91), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``broadcasting capital improvements
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For the purchase, rent, construction, and improvement of 
facilities for radio transmission and reception, and purchase and 
installation of necessary equipment for radio and television 
transmission and reception as authorized, $12,740,000, to remain 
available until expended, as authorized.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3) \22\ Broadcasting to cuba.--For ``Broadcasting to 
        Cuba'', $25,923,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \22\ For fiscal year 2003, the Department of State and Related 
Agency Appropriations Act, 2003 (title IV of division B of Public Law 
108-7; 117 Stat. 91), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``broadcasting to cuba
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to enable the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors to carry out broadcasting to Cuba, including the purchase, 
rent, construction, and improvement of facilities for radio and 
television transmission and reception, and purchase and installation of 
necessary equipment for radio and television transmission and 
reception, $24,996,000, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Continuation of Additional Authorization for 
Broadcasting to the People's Republic of China and Neighboring 
Countries.--Section 701 of Public Law 106-286 (22 U.S.C. 7001) 
is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``2001'' and 
        inserting ``2003''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``2001 and 
        2002'' and inserting ``2001, 2002, and 2003''.
    (c) Additional Authorization of Appropriations for Middle 
East Radio Network of Voice of America.--In addition to such 
amounts as are made available for the Middle East Radio Network 
of Voice of America pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations under subsection (a), there is authorized to be 
appropriated $20,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003 for the 
Middle East Radio Network of Voice of America.

        TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

              Subtitle A--Basic Authorities and Activities

SEC. 201. EMERGENCY EVACUATION SERVICES.

    Section 4(b)(2)(A) of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2671(b)(2)(A)) is amended to 
read as follows: * * *

SEC. 202. SPECIAL AGENT AUTHORITIES.

    (a) General Authority.--Section 37(a) of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2709(a)) is 
amended--* * *
    (b) Agreements.--Section 37(b) of the State Department 
Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2709(b)) is amended--* 
* *
    (c) \23\ Implementation of Search, Seizure, Service, and 
Arrest Authority.--(1) The authority conferred by paragraphs 
(2) and (5) of section 37(a) of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956, as amended by subsection (a), may not 
be exercised until the date on which the Secretary--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \23\ 22 U.S.C. 2709 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (A) submits the agreement required by subsection 
        (b)(2) of section 37 of such Act to the appropriate 
        congressional committees; and
          (B) publishes in the Federal Register a notice that 
        the agreement has been submitted in accordance with the 
        requirements of subparagraph (A).
    (2) The authority conferred by paragraphs (2) and (5) of 
subsection (a) of section 37 of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956, as in effect on the day before the 
date of the enactment of this Act, may continue to be exercised 
until the date on which the notice described in paragraph 
(1)(B) is published in the Federal Register.

SEC. 203. INTERNATIONAL LITIGATION FUND.

    Section 38 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2710) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection: * * *

SEC. 204. STATE DEPARTMENT RECORDS OF OVERSEAS DEATHS OF UNITED STATES 
                    CITIZENS FROM NONNATURAL CAUSES.

    Title I of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new section: * * *

SEC. 205. FOREIGN RELATIONS HISTORICAL SERIES. * * *

    (a) Annual Reports by the Advisory Committee.--Section 
404(d) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 4354(d)) is amended--* * *
    (b) Annual Reports by the Secretary.--Section 404(e) of the 
State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 
4354(e)) is amended * * *

SEC. 206. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR AWARD OF CERTAIN CONSTRUCTION 
                    CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 11(b)(4)(A) of the Foreign Service 
Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 302(b)(4)(A)) is amended * * *
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 402(c)(2)(D) of the 
Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 
U.S.C. 4852(c)(2)(D)) is amended * * *

SEC. 207. INTERNATIONAL CHANCERY CENTER.

    Section 1 of the Act of October 8, 1968 (Public Law 90-553, 
as amended; commonly known as the ``International Center Act'') 
is amended--* * *

SEC. 208. TRAVEL TO GREAT LAKES FISHERIES MEETINGS.

    Section 4(c) of the Great Lakes Fisheries Act of 1956 (16 
U.S.C. 933(c)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``five'' and inserting ``ten''; and
          (2) by striking ``each'' and inserting ``the 
        annual''.

SEC. 209.\24\ CORRECTION OF FISHERMEN'S PROTECTIVE ACT OF 1967.

    Section 7(a)(3) of the Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 
(22 U.S.C. 1977(a)(3)) is amended * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \24\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. IV.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 210. USE OF FUNDS RECEIVED BY THE INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER 
                    COMMISSION.

    Section 5 of the Act entitled ``An Act providing for a 
study regarding the equitable use of the waters of the Rio 
Grande below Fort Quitman, Texas, in cooperation with the 
United States of Mexico'', approved May 13, 1924 (22 U.S.C. 
277d), is amended by inserting ``, the North American 
Development Bank, or the Border Environment Cooperation 
Commission'' after ``United Mexican States''.

SEC. 211. FEE COLLECTIONS RELATING TO INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTIONS AND 
                    AFFIDAVITS OF SUPPORT.

    (a) \25\ Adoption Fees.--Section 403(b) of the Intercountry 
Adoption Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-279) is amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \25\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Affidavit of Support Fees.--Section 232 of the Admiral 
James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (as enacted into law by section 
1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113 and contained in appendix G of 
that Act; 113 Stat. 1501A-425) is amended--* * *

SEC. 212. ANNUAL REPORTS ON COMPLIANCE WITH THE HAGUE CONVENTION ON THE 
                    CIVIL ASPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTION.

    Section 2803(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (as contained in division G of Public 
Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-846) is amended * * *

SEC. 213.\26\ REPEAL OF PROVISION REGARDING HOUSING FOR FOREIGN 
                    AGRICULTURAL ATTACHES.

    Section 738 of the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and 
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 
2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-387; 114 Stat. 
1549A-34) is repealed.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \26\ Sec. 738 of Public Law 106-387 read as follows:
    ``Sec. 738. Hereafter, notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
no housing or residence in a foreign country purchased by an agent or 
instrumentality of the United States, for the purpose of housing the 
agricultural attache, shall be sold or disposed of without the approval 
of the Foreign Agricultural Service of the United States Department of 
Agriculture, including property purchased using foreign currencies 
generated under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act 
of 1954 (Public Law 480) and used or occupied by agricultural attaches 
of the Foreign Agricultural Service: Provided, That the Department of 
State/Office of Foreign Buildings may sell such properties with the 
concurrence of the Foreign Agricultural Service if the proceeds are 
used to acquire suitable properties of appropriate size for Foreign 
Agricultural Service agricultural attaches: Provided further, That the 
Foreign Agricultural Service shall have the right to occupy such 
residences in perpetuity with costs limited to appropriate maintenance 
expenses.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 214. UNITED STATES POLICY WITH RESPECT TO JERUSALEM AS THE CAPITAL 
                    OF ISRAEL.

    (a) Congressional Statement of Policy.--The Congress 
maintains its commitment to relocating the United States 
Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem and urges the President, 
pursuant to the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-
45; 109 Stat. 398), to immediately begin the process of 
relocating the United States Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds for Consulate in 
Jerusalem.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act may be expended for the operation of a United States 
consulate or diplomatic facility in Jerusalem unless such 
consulate or diplomatic facility is under the supervision of 
the United States Ambassador to Israel.
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds for Publications.--None of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
available for the publication of any official government 
document which lists countries and their capital cities unless 
the publication identifies Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
    (d) Record of Place of Birth as Israel for Passport 
Purposes.--For purposes of the registration of birth, 
certification of nationality, or issuance of a passport of a 
United States citizen born in the city of Jerusalem, the 
Secretary shall, upon the request of the citizen or the 
citizen's legal guardian, record the place of birth as Israel.

SEC. 215. REPORT CONCERNING EFFORTS TO PROMOTE ISRAEL'S DIPLOMATIC 
                    RELATIONS WITH OTHER COUNTRIES.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) Israel is a friend and ally of the United States 
        whose security is vital to regional stability and 
        United States interests.
          (2) Israel currently maintains diplomatic relations 
        with approximately 160 countries. Approximately 30 
        countries do not have any diplomatic relations with 
        Israel.
          (3) The State of Israel has been actively seeking to 
        establish formal relations with a number of countries.
          (4) The United States should assist its ally, Israel, 
        in its efforts to establish diplomatic relations.
          (5) After more than 50 years of existence, Israel 
        deserves to be treated as an equal nation by its 
        neighbors and the world community.
    (b) Report Concerning United States Efforts to Promote 
Israel's Diplomatic Relations With Other Countries.--Not later 
than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees that includes the following 
information (in classified or unclassified form, as 
appropriate):
          (1) Actions taken by the United States to encourage 
        other countries to establish full diplomatic relations 
        with Israel.
          (2) Specific responses solicited and received by the 
        Secretary from countries that do not maintain full 
        diplomatic relations with Israel with respect to the 
        status of negotiations to enter into diplomatic 
        relations with Israel.
          (3) Other measures being undertaken, and measures 
        that will be undertaken, by the United States to ensure 
        and promote Israel's full participation in the world 
        diplomatic community.

SEC. 216. CONTINUATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Reports on Claims by United States Firms Against the 
Government of Saudi Arabia.--Section 2801(b)(1) of the Foreign 
Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by 
division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is 
amended * * *
    (b) Reports on Determinations Under Title IV of the 
Libertad Act.--Section 2802(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform 
and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the 
Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended * * *
    (c) Report on Terrorist Activity in Which United States 
Citizens Were Killed and Related Matters.--Section 805(a) of 
the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (section 805(a) 
of division A of H.R. 3427, as enacted into law by section 
1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; appendix G; 113 Stat. 1501A-
470) is amended * * *

  Subtitle B--Educational, Cultural, and Public Diplomacy Authorities

SEC. 221. FULBRIGHT-HAYS ACT AUTHORITIES.

    Section 112(d) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural 
Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2460(d)) is amended--* * *

SEC. 222. EXTENSION OF REQUIREMENT FOR SCHOLARSHIPS FOR TIBETANS AND 
                    BURMESE.

    Section 103(b)(1) of the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other 
Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-319; 
22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended * * *

SEC. 223. PLAN FOR ACHIEVEMENT OF PUBLIC DIPLOMACY OBJECTIVES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report containing a plan for the 
Department designed to achieve the following objectives:
          (1) Full integration of public diplomacy policy into 
        overall policy formulation and implementation.
          (2) Closer communication and policy coordination 
        between public diplomacy officers and other officers in 
        the regional bureaus of the Department and at overseas 
        posts.
          (3) The creation of channels of direct communication 
        between the public diplomacy officers in regional 
        bureaus of the Department and the Under Secretary of 
        State for Public Diplomacy.
          (4) Minimizing any adverse consequences of public 
        diplomacy officers in country posts reporting to the 
        regional bureaus of the Department.

SEC. 224.\27\ ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON CULTURAL DIPLOMACY.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established an Advisory 
Committee on Cultural Diplomacy (in this section referred to as 
the ``Advisory Committee''), which shall be composed of nine 
members, as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \27\ 22 U.S.C. 2451 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) The Under Secretary of State for Public 
        Diplomacy, who shall serve as Chair.
          (2) The Assistant Secretary of State for Educational 
        and Cultural Affairs.
          (3) Seven members appointed pursuant to subsection 
        (c).
    (b) Duties.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
Secretary on programs and policies to advance the use of 
cultural diplomacy in United States foreign policy. The 
Advisory Committee shall, in particular, provide advice to the 
Secretary on--
          (1) increasing the presentation abroad of the finest 
        of the creative, visual, and performing arts of the 
        United States; and
          (2) strategies for increasing public-private 
        partnerships to sponsor cultural exchange programs that 
        promote the national interests of the United States.
    (c) Appointments.--The members of the Advisory Committee 
shall be appointed by the Secretary, not more than four of whom 
shall be from the same political party, from among 
distinguished Americans with a demonstrated record of 
achievement in the creative, visual, and performing arts, or 
international affairs. No officer or employee of the United 
States shall be appointed to the Advisory Committee.
    (d) Vacancies.--A vacancy in the membership of the Advisory 
Committee shall be filled in the same manner as provided under 
this subsection to make the original appointment.
    (e) Meetings.--A majority of the members of the Advisory 
Committee shall constitute a quorum. The Advisory Committee 
shall meet at least twice each year or as frequently as may be 
necessary to carry out its duties.
    (f) Administrative Support.--The Secretary is authorized to 
provide the Advisory Committee with necessary administrative 
support from among the staff of the Bureau of Educational and 
Cultural Affairs of the Department.
    (g) Compensation.--Members of the Advisory Committee shall 
be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies 
under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States 
Code, while away from their homes or regular places of business 
in the performance of services of the Advisory Committee.
    (h) Exemption From Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The 
Federal Advisory Committee Act shall not apply to the Advisory 
Committee to the extent that the provisions of this section are 
inconsistent with that Act.
    (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to the Department such sums as may be 
necessary to carry out this section.
    (j) Termination.--The Advisory Committee shall terminate 
September 30, 2005.

SEC. 225. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR ``AMERICAN CORNERS'' IN THE RUSSIAN 
                    FEDERATION.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that joint ventures with host 
libraries in the Russian Federation known as ``American 
Corners'' are an effective means--
          (1) to provide information about United States 
        history, government, society, and values;
          (2) to provide access to computers and the Internet; 
        and
          (3) to leverage United States assistance and exchange 
        programs in the Russian Federation.
    (b) Allocation of Funds.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated by section 112(1)(B) of this Act for the fiscal 
year 2003, $500,000 is authorized to be available for 
``American Corner'' centers operating in the Russian 
Federation.

SEC. 226. REPORT RELATING TO COMMISSION ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN 
                    EUROPE.

    Section 5 of the Act entitled ``An Act to establish a 
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe'' (22 U.S.C. 
3005) is amended to read as follows: * * *

SEC. 227.\28\ AMENDMENTS TO THE VIETNAM EDUCATION FOUNDATION ACT OF 
                    2000.

    (a) Purposes of the Act.--Section 202 of the Vietnam 
Education Foundation Act of 2000 (title II of division B of 
H.R. 5666, as enacted by section 1(a)(4) of Public Law 106-554 
and contained in appendix D of that Act; 114 Stat. 2763A-255) 
is amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \28\ 22 U.S.C. 2452 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Election of the Chair.--Section 205(c) of such Act is 
amended * * *
    (c) Duties of the Board.--Section 205(e) of such Act is 
amended * * *
    (d) Treatment of Presidential Appointees to the Board of 
Directors.--Section 205 of such Act is amended--* * *
    (e) Travel Regulations.--Section 205 of such Act, as 
amended by subsection (d), is further amended * * *
    (f) Vacancies.--Section 205(b) of such Act is amended * * *
    (g) English Proficiency.--Section 206(a)(2) of such Act is 
amended * * *
    (h) Selection Criteria.--Section 206(b) of such Act is 
amended--* * *
    (i) Annual Report.--Such Act is amended--
          (1) in section 207(d), * * *
          (2) in section 209(b)--* * *
    (j) Compensation of Executive Director.--Section 208(d) of 
such Act is amended * * *
    (k) Clerical Corrections.--Such Act is amended--
          (1) in section 206(d)--* * *
          (2) in section 206(e)--* * *
          (3) in section 208(a), * * *
          (4) in section 208(d), * * *
          (5) in section 209(a)(5), * * *

SEC. 228.\29\ ETHICAL ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL HEALTH RESEARCH.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall make available funds 
for international exchanges to provide opportunities to 
researchers in developing countries to participate in 
activities related to ethical issues in human subject research, 
as described in subsection (c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \29\ 22 U.S.C. 2464.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Coordination With Other Programs.--The Secretary shall 
coordinate programs conducted pursuant to this section with 
similar programs that may be conducted by the United States 
Agency for International Development and other Federal agencies 
as part of United States international health programs, 
particularly with respect to research and treatment of 
infectious diseases.
    (c) Ethical Issues in Human Subject Research.--For purposes 
of subsection (a), the phrase ``activities related to ethical 
issues in human subject research'' includes courses of study, 
conferences, and fora on development of and compliance with 
international ethical standards for clinical trials involving 
human subjects, particularly with respect to responsibilities 
of researchers to individuals and local communities 
participating in such trials, and on management and monitoring 
of such trials based on such international ethical standards.

SEC. 229. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    Section 112(g) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural 
Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2460(g)) is amended--* * *

                    Subtitle C--Consular Authorities

SEC. 231. REPORT ON VISA ISSUANCE TO INADMISSIBLE ALIENS.

    Section 51(a) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act 
of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2723(a)) is amended--* * *

SEC. 232.\30\ DENIAL OF ENTRY INTO UNITED STATES OF CHINESE AND OTHER 
                    NATIONALS ENGAGED IN COERCED ORGAN OR BODILY TISSUE 
                    TRANSPLANTATION.

    (a) Denial of Entry.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law and except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary 
shall direct consular officers not to issue a visa to any 
person whom the Secretary finds, based on credible and specific 
information, to have been directly involved with the coercive 
transplantation of human organs or bodily tissue, unless the 
Secretary has substantial grounds for believing that the 
foreign national has discontinued his or her involvement with, 
and support for, such practices.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \30\ 8 U.S.C. 1182f.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Exception.--The prohibitions in subsection (a) do not 
apply to an applicant who is a head of state, head of 
government, or cabinet-level minister.
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the prohibitions in 
subsection (a) with respect to a foreign national if the 
Secretary--
          (1) determines that it is important to the national 
        interest of the United States to do so; and
          (2) not later than 30 days after the issuance of a 
        visa, provides written notification to the appropriate 
        congressional committees containing a justification for 
        the waiver.

SEC. 233.\31\ PROCESSING OF VISA APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--It shall be the policy of the Department 
to process each visa application from an alien classified as an 
immediate relative or as a K-1 nonimmigrant within 30 days of 
the receipt of all necessary documents from the applicant and 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service. In the case of an 
immigrant visa application where the petitioner is a relative 
other than an immediate relative, it should be the policy of 
the Department to process such an application within 60 days of 
the receipt of all necessary documents from the applicant and 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \31\ 8 U.S.C. 1201 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Immediate relative.--The term ``immediate 
        relative'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        201(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
        (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(2)(A)(i)).
          (2) K-1 nonimmigrant.--The term ``K-1 nonimmigrant'' 
        means a nonimmigrant alien described in section 
        101(a)(15)(K)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
        (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(K)(i)).

SEC. 234. MACHINE READABLE VISAS.

    Section 140(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (8 U.S.C. 1351 note) is amended by 
adding at the end the following: * * *

                   Subtitle D--Migration and Refugees

SEC. 241. PROHIBITION ON FUNDING THE INVOLUNTARY RETURN OF REFUGEES.

    Title I of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a et seq.), as amended by section 204 of 
this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the following 
new section: * * *

SEC. 242. UNITED STATES MEMBERSHIP IN THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION 
                    FOR MIGRATION.

    Section 2(a) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 
1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601(a)) is amended to read as follows: * * *

SEC. 243. REPORT ON OVERSEAS REFUGEE PROCESSING.

    (a) Report on Overseas Refuge Processing.--Not later than 
120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report on overseas processing of refugees for 
admission to the United States.
    (b) Contents.--The report shall include the following 
detailed information:
          (1) United States procedures for the identification 
        of refugees who are particularly vulnerable or whose 
        individual circumstances otherwise suggest an urgent 
        need for resettlement, including the extent to which 
        the Department now insists on referral by the United 
        Nations High Commissioner for Refugees as a 
        prerequisite to consideration of such refugees for 
        resettlement in the United States, together with a plan 
        for the expanded use of alternatives to such referral, 
        including the use of field-based nongovernmental 
        organizations to identify refugees in urgent need of 
        resettlement.
          (2) The extent to which the Department makes use in 
        overseas refugee processing of the designation of 
        groups of refugees who are of special concern to the 
        United States, together with the reasons for any 
        decline in such use over the last 10 years and a plan 
        for making more generous use of such categories in the 
        future.
          (3) The extent to which the United States currently 
        provides opportunities for resettlement in the United 
        States of individuals who are close family members of 
        citizens or lawful residents of the United States, 
        together with the reasons for any decline in the extent 
        of such provision over the last 10 years and a plan for 
        expansion of such opportunities in the future.
          (4) The extent to which opportunities for 
        resettlement in the United States are currently 
        provided to ``urban refugees'' and others who do not 
        currently reside in refugee camps, together with a plan 
        for increasing such opportunities, particularly for 
        refugees who are in urgent need of resettlement, who 
        are members of refugee groups of special interest to 
        the United States, or who are close family members of 
        United States citizens or lawful residents.
          (5) The Department's assessment of the feasibility 
        and desirability of modifying the Department's current 
        list of refugee priorities to create an additional 
        category for refugees whose need for resettlement is 
        based on a long period of residence in a refugee camp 
        with no immediate prospect of safe and voluntary 
        repatriation to their country of origin or last 
        permanent residence.
          (6) The extent to which the Department uses private 
        voluntary agencies to assist in the identification of 
        refugees for admission to the United States, including 
        the Department's assessment of the advantages and 
        disadvantages of private voluntary agencies, the 
        reasons for any decline in the Department's use of 
        voluntary agencies over the last 10 years, and a plan 
        for the expanded use of such agencies.
          (7) The extent to which the per capita reception and 
        placement grant to voluntary agencies assisting in 
        resettlement of refugees has increased over the last 10 
        years commensurate with the cost to such agencies of 
        providing such services.
          (8) An estimate of the cost of each change in current 
        practice or procedure discussed in the report, together 
        with an estimate of any increase in the annual refugee 
        admissions ceiling that would be necessary to implement 
        each change.

    TITLE III--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                   Subtitle A--Organizational Matters

SEC. 301.\32\ COMPREHENSIVE WORKFORCE PLAN.

    (a) Workforce Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive workforce 
plan for the Department for the fiscal years 2003 through 2007. 
The plan shall consider personnel needs in both the Civil 
Service and the Foreign Service and expected domestic and 
overseas personnel allocations. The workforce plan should set 
forth--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \32\ 22 U.S.C. 2651a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) the detailed mission of the Department;
          (2) the definition of work to be done;
          (3) a description of cyclical personnel needs based 
        on expected retirements and attrition; and
          (4) a statement of the time required to hire, train, 
        and deploy new personnel.
    (b) Domestic Staffing Model.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
compile and submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
a domestic staffing model for the Department.

SEC. 302.\33\ ``RIGHTSIZING'' OVERSEAS POSTS.

    (a) ``Rightsizing'' at the Department of State.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \33\ 22 U.S.C. 2651a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a task 
        force within the Department on the issue of 
        ``rightsizing'' overseas posts.
          (2) Preliminary report.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report that outlines the status, plans, 
        and activities of the task force. In addition to such 
        other information as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate, the report shall include the following:
                  (A) The objectives of the task force.
                  (B) Measures for achieving the objectives 
                under subparagraph (A).
                  (C) Identification of the official of the 
                Department with primary responsibility for the 
                issue of ``rightsizing''.
                  (D) The plans of the Department for the 
                reallocation of staff and resources based on 
                changing needs at overseas posts and in the 
                metropolitan Washington, D.C., area.
          (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report reviewing the activities and progress of the 
        task force established under paragraph (1).
    (b) Interagency Working Group.--
          (1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        interagency working group on the issue of 
        ``rightsizing'' the overseas presence of the United 
        States Government.
          (2) Preliminary report.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report which outlines the status, plans, 
        and activities of the interagency working group. In 
        addition to such other information as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate, the report shall include the 
        following:
                  (A) The objectives of the working group.
                  (B) Measures for achieving the objectives 
                under subparagraph (A).
                  (C) Identification of the official of each 
                agency with primary responsibility for the 
                issue of ``rightsizing''.
          (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report reviewing the activities and progress of the 
        working group established under paragraph (1).

SEC. 303. QUALIFICATIONS OF CERTAIN OFFICERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    STATE.

    Section 1 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a) is amended--* * *

                     Subtitle B--Personnel Matters

SEC. 311. THOMAS JEFFERSON STAR FOR FOREIGN SERVICE.

    Section 36A of the State Department Basic Authorities Act 
of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708a) is amended--* * *

SEC. 312. PRESIDENTIAL RANK AWARDS.

    (a) Comparable Payments.--Section 405(b)(3) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3965(b)(3)) is amended * * *
    (b) \34\ Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection 
(a) shall take effect October 1, 2002.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \34\ 22 U.S.C. 3965 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 313. FOREIGN SERVICE NATIONAL SAVINGS FUND.

    Section 408(a)(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 3968(a)(1)) is amended * * *

SEC. 314. CLARIFICATION OF SEPARATION FOR CAUSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 610(a) of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4010(a)) is amended--* * *
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1106(8) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4136(8)) is amended--* * *

SEC. 315. DEPENDENTS ON FAMILY VISITATION TRAVEL.

    (a) In General.--Section 901(8) of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4081(8)) is amended * * *
    (b) \35\ Promulgation of Guidance.--The Secretary shall 
promulgate guidance for the implementation of the amendment 
made by subsection (a) to ensure its implementation in a manner 
which does not substantially increase the total amount of 
travel expenses paid or reimbursed by the Department for travel 
under section 901 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
4081).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \35\ 22 U.S.C. 4801 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) \35\ Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection 
(a) shall take effect on the date on which guidance for 
implementation of such amendment is issued by the Secretary.

SEC. 316. HEALTH EDUCATION AND DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAMS.

    Section 904(b) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4084(b)) is amended * * *

SEC. 317. CORRECTION OF TIME LIMITATION FOR GRIEVANCE FILING.

    Section 1104(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4134(a)) is amended * * *

SEC. 318. TRAINING AUTHORITIES.

    Section 2205 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of Public 
Law 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-808) is amended--* * *

SEC. 319. UNACCOMPANIED AIR BAGGAGE.

    Section 5924(4)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: 
``At the election of the employee, in lieu of the 
transportation of the baggage of a dependent from the 
dependent's school, the costs incurred to store the baggage at 
or in the vicinity of the school during the dependent's annual 
trip between the school and the employee's duty station may be 
paid or reimbursed to the employee, except that the amount of 
the payment or reimbursement may not exceed the cost that the 
Government would incur to transport the baggage.''.

SEC. 320. EMERGENCY MEDICAL ADVANCE PAYMENTS.

    Section 5927 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a)(3) to read as follows:
          ``(3) to an employee compensated pursuant to section 
        408 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980, who--
                  ``(A) pursuant to United States Government 
                authorization is located outside the country of 
                employment; and
                  ``(B) requires medical treatment outside the 
                country of employment in circumstances 
                specified by the President in regulations.''; 
                and
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``appointed'' and 
        inserting ``hired''.

SEC. 321.\36\ RETIREMENT CREDIT FOR CERTAIN GOVERNMENT SERVICE 
                    PERFORMED ABROAD.

    (a) Retirement Credit for Certain Government Service 
Performed Abroad.--Subject to subsection (b)(1), credit under 
chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, shall be allowed for 
any service performed by an individual if or to the extent 
that--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \36\ 5 U.S.C. 8411 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) it was performed by such individual--
                  (A) after December 31, 1988, and before May 
                24, 1998;
                  (B) at a United States diplomatic mission, 
                consular post (other than a consular agency), 
                or other Foreign Service post abroad; and
                  (C) under a temporary appointment pursuant to 
                sections 309 and 311 of the Foreign Service Act 
                of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3949 and 3951);
          (2) at the time of performing such service, such 
        individual would have satisfied all eligibility 
        requirements under regulations of the Department (as in 
        effect on the date of the enactment of this Act) for a 
        family member limited noncareer appointment (within the 
        meaning of such regulations, as in effect on such date 
        of enactment), except that, in applying this paragraph, 
        an individual not employed by the Department while 
        performing such service shall be treated as if then so 
        employed;
          (3) such service would have been creditable under 
        section 8411(b)(3) of such title 5 if--
                  (A) the service had been performed before 
                January 1, 1989; and
                  (B) the deposit requirements of section 
                8411(f) of such title 5 had been met with 
                respect to such service;
          (4) such service would not otherwise be creditable 
        under the Federal Employees' Retirement System or any 
        other retirement system for employees of the United 
        States Government (disregarding title II of the Social 
        Security Act); and
          (5) the total amount of service performed by such 
        individual (satisfying paragraphs (1) through (4)) is 
        not less than 90 days.
    (b) Requirements.--
          (1) Requirements of the individual.--In order to 
        receive credit under chapter 84 of title 5, United 
        States Code, for any service described in subsection 
        (a), the individual who performed such service (or, if 
        deceased, any person who is or would be eligible for a 
        survivor annuity under the Federal Employees' 
        Retirement System based on the service of such 
        individual)--
                  (A) shall file a written application with the 
                Office of Personnel Management not later than 
                36 months after the effective date of the 
                regulations prescribed to carry out this 
                section (as specified in those regulations); 
                and
                  (B) shall remit to the Office (for deposit in 
                the Treasury of the United States to the credit 
                of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability 
                Fund) the total amount that, under section 8422 
                of such title 5, should have been deducted from 
                the basic pay of such individual for such 
                service if such service had then been 
                creditable under such chapter 84.
          (2) Government contributions.--
                  (A) In general.--In addition to any other 
                payment that it is required to make under 
                chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, a 
                department, agency, or other instrumentality of 
                the United States shall remit to the Office of 
                Personnel Management (for deposit in the 
                Treasury of the United States to the credit of 
                the Fund) the amount described in subparagraph 
                (B).
                  (B) Amount described.--The amount described 
                in this subparagraph is, with respect to a 
                remittance under paragraph (1), the total 
                amount of Government contributions that would, 
                under section 8423 of title 5, United States 
                Code, have been required of the instrumentality 
                involved (to the extent that it was the 
                employing entity during the period of service 
                to which such remittance relates) in connection 
                with such service.
                  (C) Special rule.--If an amount cannot be 
                remitted under this paragraph because an 
                instrumentality has ceased to exist, such 
                amount shall instead be treated as part of the 
                supplemental liability referred to in section 
                8423(b)(1) (A) or (B) of title 5, United States 
                Code (whichever would be appropriate).
          (3) Related requirements.--Any remittance under 
        paragraph (1) or (2)--
                  (A) shall be made in such time, form, and 
                manner as the Office of Personnel Management 
                may by regulation require; and
                  (B) shall be computed with interest (in 
                accordance with section 8334(e) of title 5, 
                United States Code, and such requirements as 
                the Office may by regulation prescribe).
          (4) Notification and assistance requirements.--
                  (A) In general.--The Office of Personnel 
                Management shall take such action as may be 
                necessary and appropriate to inform individuals 
                entitled to have any service credited under 
                this section, or to have any annuity computed 
                or recomputed under this section, of their 
                entitlement to such credit, computation, or 
                recomputation.
                  (B) Assistance to individuals.--The Office 
                shall, on request, assist any individual 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) in obtaining 
                from any department, agency, or other 
                instrumentality of the United States such 
                information in the possession of such 
                instrumentality as may be necessary to verify 
                the entitlement of such individual to have any 
                service credited, or to have any annuity 
                computed or recomputed, pursuant to this 
                section.
                  (C) Assistance from instrumentalities.--Any 
                department, agency, or other instrumentality of 
                the United States that possesses any 
                information with respect to any service 
                described in subsection (a) shall, at the 
                request of the Office, furnish such information 
                to the Office.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Abroad.--The term ``abroad'' has the meaning 
        given such term under section 102 of the Foreign 
        Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3902).
          (2) Basic pay.--The term ``basic pay'' has the 
        meaning given such term under section 8401 of title 5, 
        United States Code.
          (3) Civil service retirement and disability fund.--
        The term ``Civil Service Retirement and Disability 
        Fund'' or ``Fund'' means the Civil Service Retirement 
        and Disability Fund under section 8348 of title 5, 
        United States Code.
          (4) Temporary appointment.--The term ``temporary 
        appointment'' means an appointment that is limited by 
        its terms to a period of one year or less.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
considered to permit or require the making of any contributions 
to the Thrift Savings Fund that would not otherwise have been 
permitted or required had this section not been enacted.
    (e) Applicability.--
          (1) Annuities commencing on or after effective date 
        of implementing regulations.--An annuity or survivor 
        annuity--
                  (A) which is based on the service of an 
                individual who performed service described in 
                subsection (a), and
                  (B) which commences on or after the effective 
                date of the regulations prescribed to carry out 
                this section (as determined under subsection 
                (b)(1)(A)),
        shall (subject to subsection (b)(1)) be computed taking 
        into account all service described in subsection (a) 
        that was performed by such individual.
          (2) Annuities with commencement date preceding 
        effective date of implementing regulations.--
                  (A) Recomputation cases.--An annuity or 
                survivor annuity--
                          (i) which is based on the service of 
                        an individual who performed service 
                        described in subsection (a), and
                          (ii) which commences before the 
                        effective date referred to in paragraph 
                        (1)(B),
                shall (subject to subsection (b)(1)) be 
                recomputed taking into account all service 
                described in subsection (a) that was performed 
                by such individual.
                  (B) Other cases.--An annuity or survivor 
                annuity--
                          (i) which is based on the service of 
                        an individual who performed service 
                        described in subsection (a),
                          (ii) the requirements for entitlement 
                        which could not be met without taking 
                        into account service described in 
                        subsection (a), and
                          (iii) which (if service described in 
                        subsection (a) had been taken into 
                        account, and an appropriate application 
                        been submitted) would have commenced 
                        before the effective date referred to 
                        in paragraph (1)(B),
                shall (subject to subsection (b)(1)) be 
                computed taking into account all service 
                described in subsection (a) that was performed 
                by such individual.
                  (C) Retroactive effect.--Any computation or 
                recomputation of an annuity or survivor annuity 
                pursuant to this paragraph shall--
                          (i) if pursuant to subparagraph (A), 
                        be effective as of the commencement 
                        date of the annuity or survivor annuity 
                        involved; and
                          (ii) if pursuant to subparagraph (B), 
                        be effective as of the commencement 
                        date that would have applied if 
                        application for the annuity or survivor 
                        annuity involved had been submitted on 
                        the earliest date possible in order for 
                        it to have been approved.
                  (D) Lump-sum payment.--Any amounts which by 
                virtue of subparagraph (C) are payable for any 
                months preceding the first month (on or after 
                the effective date referred to in paragraph 
                (1)(B)) as of which annuity or survivor annuity 
                payments become payable fully reflecting the 
                computation or recomputation under subparagraph 
                (A) or (B) (as the case may be) shall be 
                payable in the form of a lump-sum payment.
                  (E) Order of precedence.--Section 8424(d) of 
                title 5, United States Code, shall apply in the 
                case of any payment under subparagraph (D) 
                payable to an individual who has died.
    (f) Implementation.--The Office of Personnel Management, in 
consultation with the Secretary, shall prescribe such 
regulations and take such action as may be necessary and 
appropriate to implement this section.

SEC. 322. COMPUTATION OF FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT ANNUITIES AS IF 
                    WASHINGTON, D.C., LOCALITY-BASED COMPARABILITY 
                    PAYMENTS WERE MADE TO OVERSEAS-STATIONED FOREIGN 
                    SERVICE MEMBERS.

    (a) Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System.--
          (1) Computation of annuities.--Section 806(a) of the 
        Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4046(a)) is 
        amended * * *
          (2) Government contributions and individual 
        deductions and withholdings.--Section 805(a) of the 
        Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4045(a)) is 
        amended--* * *
    (b) Foreign Service Pension System.--
          (1) Computation of annuities.--Section 855(a) of the 
        Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4071d(a)) is 
        amended * * *
          (2) Individual deductions and withholdings.--Section 
        856(a)(2) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
        4071e(a)(2)) is amended * * *
    (c) Effective Dates.--
          (1) \37\ Computation of annuities.--The amendments 
        made by subsections (a)(1) and (b)(1) shall apply to 
        service performed on or after the first day of the 
        first pay period beginning on or after the date that is 
        90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \37\ 22 U.S.C. 4046 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \38\ Government contributions and individual 
        deductions and withholdings.--The amendments made by 
        subsections (a)(2) and (b)(2) shall take effect with 
        the first pay period beginning on or after the date 
        that is 90 days after the date of enactment of this 
        Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \38\ 22 U.S.C. 4045 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 323. PLAN FOR IMPROVING RECRUITMENT OF VETERANS INTO THE FOREIGN 
                    SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report containing a plan 
for the Department to improve the recruitment of veterans for 
the career Foreign Service. The plan shall--
          (1) address personnel issues relevant to such 
        recruitment efforts; and
          (2) include proposals for improving coordination 
        between the Department and the Departments of Defense, 
        Transportation, and Veterans Affairs in promoting the 
        recruitment of veterans to the career Foreign Service.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``veterans'' has 
the meaning given that term in section 101(2) of title 38, 
United States Code.

SEC. 324.\39\ REPORT CONCERNING MINORITY EMPLOYMENT.

    On April 1, 2003, and April 1, 2004, the Secretary shall 
submit a comprehensive report to Congress, with respect to the 
preceding calendar year, concerning the employment of members 
of minority groups at the Department, including the Civil 
Service and the Foreign Service. The report shall include the 
following data (reported in terms of real numbers and 
percentages and not as ratios):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \39\ 22 U.S.C. 2651a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) For the last preceding Foreign Service 
        examination and promotion cycles for which such 
        information is available--
                  (A) the numbers and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups taking the written Foreign 
                Service examination;
                  (B) the numbers and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups successfully completing and 
                passing the written Foreign Service 
                examination;
                  (C) the numbers and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups successfully completing and 
                passing the oral Foreign Service examination;
                  (D) the numbers and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups entering the junior officer 
                class of the Foreign Service;
                  (E) the numbers and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups who are Foreign Service 
                officers at each grade; and
                  (F) the numbers and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups promoted to each grade of 
                the Foreign Service.
          (2) For the last preceding year for Civil Service 
        employment at the Department for which such information 
        is available--
                  (A) numbers and percentages of members of all 
                minority groups entering the Civil Service;
                  (B) the number and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups who are Civil Service 
                employees at each grade of the Civil Service; 
                and
                  (C) the number of and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups promoted at each grade 
                of the Civil Service.

SEC. 325.\39\ USE OF FUNDS AUTHORIZED FOR MINORITY RECRUITMENT.

    (a) Conduct of Recruitment Activities.--
          (1) In general.--Amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated for minority recruitment under section 
        111(1)(D) shall be used only for activities directly 
        related to minority recruitment, such as recruitment 
        materials designed to target members of minority groups 
        and the travel expenses of recruitment trips to 
        colleges, universities, and other institutions or 
        locations.
          (2) Limitation.--Amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated for minority recruitment under section 
        111(1)(D) may not be used to pay salaries of employees 
        of the Department.
    (b) Recruitment Activities at Academic Institutions.--The 
Secretary shall expand the recruitment efforts of the 
Department to include not less than 25 percent of the part B 
institutions (as defined under section 322 of the Higher 
Education Act of 1965) in the United States and not less than 
25 percent of the Hispanic-serving institutions (as defined in 
section 502(a)(5) of such Act) in the United States.
    (c) Evaluation of Recruitment Efforts.--The Secretary shall 
establish a database relating to efforts to recruit members of 
minority groups into the Foreign Service and the Civil Service 
and shall report to the appropriate congressional committees on 
the evaluation of efforts to recruit such individuals, 
including an analysis of the information collected in the 
database created under this subsection. Such report shall be 
included in each of the two reports required under section 324.

SEC. 326. ASSIGNMENTS AND DETAILS OF PERSONNEL TO THE AMERICAN 
                    INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN.

    Section 503 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3983) is amended--* * *

SEC. 327. ANNUAL REPORTS ON FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCE.

    Section 702(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4022(c)) is amended--* * *

SEC. 328. TRAVEL OF CHILDREN OF MEMBERS OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE ASSIGNED 
                    ABROAD.

    Section 901(15) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4081(15)) is amended * * *

                 TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

SEC. 401. PAYMENT OF THIRD INSTALLMENT OF ARREARAGES.

    (a) \40\ In General.--The United Nations Reform Act of 1999 
(title IX of division A of H.R. 3427, as enacted into law by 
section 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; appendix G; 113 Stat. 
1501A-475) is amended * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \40\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The undesignated paragraph under 
the heading ``arrearage payments'' in title IV of the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (as contained in 
section 1000 of division B of the Consolidated Appropriations 
Act, 2000; Public Law 106-113) is amended--
          (1) in the first proviso, by striking ``the share of 
        the total of all assessed contributions for any 
        designated specialized agency of the United Nations 
        does not exceed 22 percent for any single member of the 
        agency, and''; and
          (2) by inserting after ``respective agencies:'' the 
        following: ``Provided further, That none of the funds 
        appropriated or otherwise made available under this 
        heading for payment of arrearages may be obligated with 
        respect to a designated specialized agency of the 
        United Nations until such time as the share of the 
        total of all assessed contributions for that designated 
        specialized agency does not exceed 22 percent for any 
        member of the agency:''.
    (c) \40\ Transmittal of Certifications to Congress.--
Section 912(c) of the United Nations Reform Act of 1999 (title 
IX of division A of H.R. 3427, as enacted into law by section 
1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; appendix G; 113 Stat. 1501A-
477) is amended * * *

SEC. 402. LIMITATION ON THE UNITED STATES SHARE OF ASSESSMENTS FOR 
                    UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS IN CALENDAR 
                    YEARS 2001 THROUGH 2004.

    (a) In General.--Section 404(b)(2) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 287e 
note) is amended--* * *
    (b) Conforming Amendments to Public Law 92-544.--Title I of 
the Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce, the Judiciary, 
and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1973 (22 U.S.C. 287e 
note) is amended--
          (1) in the next to the last sentence of the 
        undesignated paragraph under the heading 
        ``contributions to international organizations'' in 
        Public Law 92-544 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), by striking 
        ``After'' and inserting ``Subject to section 404(b)(2) 
        of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
        Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), after''; and
          (2) in the last sentence of the undesignated 
        paragraph under the heading ``contributions to 
        international organizations'' in Public Law 92-544 (22 
        U.S.C. 287e note)--
                  (A) by striking ``Appropriations are 
                authorized'' and inserting ``Subject to section 
                404(b)(2) of the Foreign Relations 
                Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 
                (22 U.S.C. 287e note), appropriations are 
                authorized''; and
                  (B) by striking ``(other than United Nations 
                peacekeeping operations) conducted'' and 
                inserting ``conducted by or under the auspices 
                of the United Nations or''.

SEC. 403.\41\ LIMITATION ON THE UNITED STATES SHARE OF ASSESSMENTS FOR 
                    UNITED NATIONS REGULAR BUDGET.

    The United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section: * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \41\ See the United Nations Participation Act of 1945, sec. 11, as 
added by sec. 403, in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, 
vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 404. PROMOTION OF SOUND FINANCIAL PRACTICES BY THE UNITED NATIONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) In the early 1980s, the United States Government 
        began to pay United States assessments to certain 
        international organizations in the last quarter of the 
        calendar year in which they were due. This practice 
        allowed the United States to pay its annual assessment 
        to the United Nations and other international 
        organizations with the next fiscal year's 
        appropriations, taking advantage of the fact that 
        international organizations operate on calendar years. 
        It also allowed the United States to reduce budgetary 
        outlays, making the United States budget deficit appear 
        smaller.
          (2) The United States, which is assessed 22 percent 
        of the United Nations regular budget, now pays its dues 
        at least 10 months late, and often later depending on 
        when the relevant appropriation is enacted.
          (3) This practice causes the United Nations to 
        operate throughout much of the year without a 
        significant portion of its operating budget. By 
        midyear, the budget is usually depleted, forcing the 
        United Nations to borrow from its separate peacekeeping 
        budget (the organization is prohibited from external 
        borrowing). As a result, countries that contribute to 
        United Nations peacekeeping missions are not reimbursed 
        on a timely basis.
          (4) For years, the United States has been encouraging 
        the United Nations and other international 
        organizations to engage in sound, fiscally responsible 
        budgetary practices. In fact, many of the conditions in 
        United States law for paying nearly $1,000,000,000 in 
        debt to the United Nations and other international 
        organizations are aimed at this goal. But late payment 
        of United States dues forces the United Nations and 
        other international organizations to engage in 
        budgetary practices that are neither sound nor 
        responsible.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the United States should initiate a process to synchronize the 
payment of its assessments to the United Nations and other 
international organizations over a multiyear period so that the 
United States can resume paying its dues to such international 
organizations at the beginning of each calendar year.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--In addition to amounts otherwise 
        available for the purpose of payment of the United 
        States assessed contributions to the United Nations and 
        other international organizations, there are authorized 
        to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to 
        carry out the policy described in subsection (b).
          (2) Availability of funds.--Amounts appropriated 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) are authorized to remain 
        available until expended.

SEC. 405. REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON UNITED NATIONS ACTIVITIES.

    (a) \42\ Amendments to United Nations Participation Act.--
Section 4 of the United Nations Participation Act (22 U.S.C. 
287b) is amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \42\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Section 2 of Public Law 81-806 (22 U.S.C. 262a) 
        is amended by striking the last sentence.
          (2) Section 409 of the Foreign Relations 
        Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 
        U.S.C. 287e note), is amended by striking subsection 
        (d).

SEC. 406. USE OF SECRET BALLOTS WITHIN THE UNITED NATIONS.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees containing a detailed analysis, and a 
determination based on such analysis, on whether the use of 
secret ballots within the United Nations and the specialized 
agencies of the United Nations serves the interests of the 
United States.

SEC. 407. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO MEMBERSHIP OF THE UNITED STATES 
                    IN UNESCO.

    It is the sense of Congress that the President, having 
announced that the United States will rejoin the United Nations 
Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 
should submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
          (1) describing the merits of renewing the membership 
        and participation of the United States in UNESCO; and
          (2) detailing the projected costs of United States 
        membership in UNESCO.

SEC. 408.\43\ UNITED STATES MEMBERSHIP ON THE UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION 
                    ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL 
                    BOARD.

    The United States, in connection with its voice and vote in 
the United Nations General Assembly and the United Nations 
Economic and Social Council, shall make every reasonable 
effort--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \43\ 22 U.S.C. 287 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) to secure a seat for the United States on the 
        United Nations Commission on Human Rights;
          (2) to secure a seat for a United States national on 
        the United Nations International Narcotics Control 
        Board; and
          (3) to prevent membership on the Human Rights 
        Commission by any member nation the government of 
        which, in the judgment of the Secretary, based on the 
        Department's Annual Country Reports on Human Rights and 
        the Annual Report on International Report on Religious 
        Freedom, consistently violates internationally 
        recognized human rights or has engaged in or tolerated 
        particularly severe violations of religious freedom in 
        that country.

SEC. 409. PLAN FOR ENHANCED DEPARTMENT OF STATE EFFORTS TO PLACE UNITED 
                    STATES CITIZENS IN POSITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT IN THE 
                    UNITED NATIONS AND ITS SPECIALIZED AGENCIES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report containing a plan that 
provides for--
          (1) proposals to reverse the decline in recent years 
        in funding and personnel resources devoted to the 
        placement of United States citizens in positions within 
        the United Nations system;
          (2) steps to intensify coordinated, high-level 
        diplomatic efforts to place United States citizens in 
        senior posts in the United Nations Secretariat and the 
        specialized agencies of the United Nations; and
          (3) appropriate mechanisms to address the 
        underrepresentation, relative to the United States 
        share of assessed contributions to the United Nations, 
        of United States citizens in junior positions within 
        the United Nations and its specialized agencies.

   TITLE V--UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACTIVITIES \44\

          * * * * * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \44\ For title V, relating to U.S. international broadcasting 
activities, see beginning at page 1701.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                   TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

       Subtitle A--Middle East Peace Commitments Act of 2002 \45\

          * * * * * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \45\ For the Middle East Peace Commitments Act of 2002, and other 
related legislation from previous years, see Legislation on Foreign 
Relations Through 2005, vol. I-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        Subtitle B--Tibet Policy

SEC. 611.\46\ SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as ``Tibetan Policy Act of 
2002''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \46\ 22 U.S.C. 6901 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 612.\46\ STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to support the aspirations 
of the Tibetan people to safeguard their distinct identity.

SEC. 613.\46\ TIBET NEGOTIATIONS.

    (a) Policy.--
          (1) In general.--The President and the Secretary 
        should encourage the Government of the People's 
        Republic of China to enter into a dialogue with the 
        Dalai Lama or his representatives leading to a 
        negotiated agreement on Tibet.
          (2) Compliance.--After such an agreement is reached, 
        the President and the Secretary should work to ensure 
        compliance with the agreement.
    (b) Periodic Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and every 12 months 
thereafter, the President shall transmit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on--
          (1) the steps taken by the President and the 
        Secretary in accordance with subsection (a)(1); and
          (2) the status of any discussions between the 
        People's Republic of China and the Dalai Lama or his 
        representatives.

SEC. 614.\46\ REPORTING ON TIBET.

    Whenever a report is transmitted to Congress under section 
116 or 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2151m, 2304) or under section 102(b) of the International 
Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6412(b)), Tibet shall 
be included in such report as a separate section.

SEC. 615.\47\ CONGRESSIONAL-EXECUTIVE COMMISSION ON THE PEOPLE'S 
                    REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    Section 302(h) of the U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 
(Public Law 106-286), relating to the Congressional-Executive 
Commission on the People's Republic of China, is amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \47\ For text of the U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000, as amended, 
see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. III.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 616.\46\ ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN TIBET.

    (a) Declarations of Policy.--It is the policy of the United 
States to support economic development, cultural preservation, 
health care, and education and environmental sustainability for 
Tibetans inside Tibet. In support of this policy, the United 
States shall use its voice and vote to support projects 
designed in accordance with the principles contained in 
subsection (d) that are designed to raise the standard of 
living for the Tibetan people and assist Tibetans to become 
self-sufficient.
    (b) International Financial Institutions.--The Secretary of 
the Treasury shall instruct the United States executive 
director of each international financial institution to use the 
voice and vote of the United States to support projects in 
Tibet, if the projects are designed in accordance with the 
principles contained in subsection (d).
    (c) Export-Import Bank and TDA.--The Export-Import Bank of 
the United States and the Trade and Development Agency should 
support projects proposed to be funded or otherwise supported 
by such entities in Tibet, if the projects are designed in 
accordance with the principles contained in subsection (d).
    (d) Tibet Project Principles.--Projects in Tibet supported 
by international financial institutions, other international 
organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and the United 
States entities referred to in subsection (c), should--
          (1) be implemented only after conducting a thorough 
        assessment of the needs of the Tibetan people through 
        field visits and interviews;
          (2) be preceded by cultural and environmental impact 
        assessments;
          (3) foster self-sufficiency and self-reliance of 
        Tibetans;
          (4) promote accountability of the development 
        agencies to the Tibetan people and active participation 
        of Tibetans in all project stages;
          (5) respect Tibetan culture, traditions, and the 
        Tibetan knowledge and wisdom about their landscape and 
        survival techniques;
          (6) be subject to on-site monitoring by the 
        development agencies to ensure that the intended target 
        group benefits;
          (7) be implemented by development agencies prepared 
        to use Tibetan as the working language of the projects;
          (8) neither provide incentive for, nor facilitate the 
        migration and settlement of, non-Tibetans into Tibet; 
        and
          (9) neither provide incentive for, nor facilitate the 
        transfer of ownership of, Tibetan land or natural 
        resources to non-Tibetans.

SEC. 617.\46\ RELEASE OF PRISONERS AND ACCESS TO PRISONS.

    The President and the Secretary, in meetings with 
representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of 
China, should--
          (1) request the immediate and unconditional release 
        of all those held prisoner for expressing their 
        political or religious views in Tibet;
          (2) seek access for international humanitarian 
        organizations to prisoners in Tibet to ensure that 
        prisoners are not being mistreated and are receiving 
        necessary medical care; and
          (3) seek the immediate medical parole of Tibetan 
        prisoners known to be in serious ill health.

SEC. 618.\46\ ESTABLISHMENT OF A UNITED STATES BRANCH OFFICE IN LHASA, 
                    TIBET.

    The Secretary should make best efforts to establish an 
office in Lhasa, Tibet, to monitor political, economic, and 
cultural developments in Tibet.

SEC. 619.\46\ REQUIREMENT FOR TIBETAN LANGUAGE TRAINING.

    The Secretary shall ensure that Tibetan language training 
is available to Foreign Service officers, and that every effort 
is made to ensure that a Tibetan-speaking Foreign Service 
officer is assigned to a United States post in the People's 
Republic of China responsible for monitoring developments in 
Tibet.

SEC. 620.\46\ RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN TIBET.

    (a) High-Level Contacts.--Pursuant to section 105 of the 
International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6414), 
the United States Ambassador to the People's Republic of China 
should--
          (1) meet with the 11th Panchen Lama, who was taken 
        from his home on May 17, 1995, and otherwise ascertain 
        information concerning his whereabouts and well-being; 
        and
          (2) request that the Government of the People's 
        Republic of China release the 11th Panchen Lama and 
        allow him to pursue his religious studies without 
        interference and according to tradition.
    (b) Promotion of Increased Advocacy.--Pursuant to section 
108(a) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 
U.S.C. 6417(a)), it is the sense of Congress that 
representatives of the United States Government in exchanges 
with officials of the Government of the People's Republic of 
China should call for and otherwise promote the cessation of 
all interference by the Government of the People's Republic of 
China or the Communist Party in the religious affairs of the 
Tibetan people.

SEC. 621.\46\ UNITED STATES SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR TIBETAN ISSUES.

    (a) United States Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues.--
There shall be within the Department a United States Special 
Coordinator for Tibetan Issues (in this section referred to as 
the ``Special Coordinator'').
    (b) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with the 
chairmen and ranking minority members of the appropriate 
congressional committees prior to the designation of the 
Special Coordinator.
    (c) Central Objective.--The central objective of the 
Special Coordinator is to promote substantive dialogue between 
the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Dalai 
Lama or his representatives.
    (d) Duties and Responsibilities.--The Special Coordinator 
shall--
          (1) coordinate United States Government policies, 
        programs, and projects concerning Tibet;
          (2) vigorously promote the policy of seeking to 
        protect the distinct religious, cultural, linguistic, 
        and national identity of Tibet, and pressing for 
        improved respect for human rights;
          (3) maintain close contact with religious, cultural, 
        and political leaders of the Tibetan people, including 
        regular travel to Tibetan areas of the People's 
        Republic of China, and to Tibetan refugee settlements 
        in India and Nepal;
          (4) consult with Congress on policies relevant to 
        Tibet and the future and welfare of the Tibetan people;
          (5) make efforts to establish contacts in the foreign 
        ministries of other countries to pursue a negotiated 
        solution for Tibet; and
          (6) take all appropriate steps to ensure adequate 
        resources, staff, and bureaucratic support to fulfill 
        the duties and responsibilities of the Special 
        Coordinator.

     Subtitle C--East Timor Transition to Independence Act of 2002

SEC. 631.\48\ SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``East Timor Transition 
to Independence Act of 2002''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \48\ 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 632.\48\ BILATERAL ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Authority.--The President, acting through the 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development, is authorized to--
          (1) support the development of civil society, 
        including nongovernmental organizations in East Timor;
          (2) promote the development of an independent news 
        media;
          (3) support job creation, including support for small 
        business and microenterprise programs, environmental 
        protection, sustainable development, development of 
        East Timor's health care infrastructure, educational 
        programs, and programs strengthening the role of women 
        in society;
          (4) promote reconciliation, conflict resolution, and 
        prevention of further conflict with respect to East 
        Timor, including establishing accountability for past 
        gross human rights violations;
          (5) support the voluntary and safe repatriation and 
        reintegration of refugees into East Timor;
          (6) support political party development, voter 
        education, voter registration, and other activities in 
        support of free and fair elections in East Timor; and
          (7) promote the development of the rule of law.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated to the President to carry out this section 
        $25,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003.
          (2) Availability.--Amounts appropriated pursuant to 
        the authorization of appropriations under paragraph (1) 
        are authorized to remain available until expended.

SEC. 633.\48\ MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE.

    The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United 
States executive director at each international financial 
institution to which the United States is a member to use the 
voice, vote, and influence of the United States to support 
economic and democratic development in East Timor.

SEC. 634.\48\ TRADE AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE.

    (a) OPIC.--The President should initiate negotiations with 
the Government of East Timor to enter into a new agreement 
authorizing the Overseas Private Investment Corporation to 
carry out programs with respect to East Timor in order to 
expand United States investment in East Timor, emphasizing 
partnerships with local East Timorese enterprises.
    (b) Trade and Development Agency.--
          (1) In general.--The Director of the Trade and 
        Development Agency is authorized to carry out projects 
        in East Timor under section 661 of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2421).
          (2) Authorization of appropriations.--
                  (A) In general.--There are authorized to be 
                appropriated to the Trade and Development 
                Agency to carry out this subsection $1,000,000 
                for fiscal year 2003.
                  (B) Availability.--Amounts appropriated 
                pursuant to the authorization of appropriations 
                under subparagraph (A) are authorized to remain 
                available until expended.
    (c) Export-Import Bank.--The Export-Import Bank of the 
United States should expand its activities in connection with 
exports to East Timor to the extent such activities are 
requested and to the extent there is a reasonable assurance of 
repayment.

SEC. 635.\48\ GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES.

    As soon as possible after the enactment of this Act, the 
United States Trade Representative and the Commissioner of 
Customs should send an assessment team to East Timor to compile 
a list of duty-free eligible products so that the Government of 
East Timor can begin the process of applying for General System 
of Preference benefits.

SEC. 636.\48\ AUTHORITY FOR RADIO BROADCASTING.

    The Broadcasting Board of Governors should broadcast to 
East Timor in an appropriate language or languages.

SEC. 637.\48\ SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR EAST TIMOR.

    (a) Study and Report.--
          (1) Study.--The President shall conduct a study to 
        determine--
                  (A) the extent to which East Timor's security 
                needs can be met by the transfer of excess 
                defense articles under section 516 of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961;
                  (B) the extent to which international 
                military education and training (IMET) 
                assistance will enhance professionalism of the 
                armed forces of East Timor, provide training in 
                human rights, and promote respect for human 
                rights and humanitarian law; and
                  (C) the terms and conditions under which such 
                defense articles or training, as appropriate, 
                should be provided.
          (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the President shall 
        transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report that contains the findings of the study 
        conducted under paragraph (1).
    (b) Authorization of Assistance.--
          (1) In general.--Beginning on the date on which 
        Congress receives the report transmitted under 
        subsection (a)(2), or the date on which Congress 
        receives the certification transmitted under paragraph 
        (2), whichever occurs later, the President is 
        authorized--
                  (A) to transfer excess defense articles under 
                section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
                1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j) to East Timor in 
                accordance with such section; and
                  (B) to provide military education and 
                training under chapter 5 of part II of such Act 
                (22 U.S.C. 2347 et seq.) for the armed forces 
                of East Timor in accordance with such chapter.
          (2) Certification.--A certification described in this 
        paragraph is a certification that--
                  (A) East Timor has established an independent 
                armed forces; and
                  (B) the assistance proposed to be provided 
                pursuant to paragraph (1)--
                          (i) is in the national security 
                        interests of the United States; and
                          (ii) will promote both human rights 
                        in East Timor and the 
                        professionalization of the armed forces 
                        of East Timor.

SEC. 638.\48\ REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and every 12 months thereafter for the 
next five years, the Secretary shall prepare and transmit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report that contains 
the information described in subsection (b).
    (b) Information.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include--
          (1) developments in East Timor's political and 
        economic situation in the period covered by the report, 
        including an evaluation of any elections which have 
        occurred in East Timor and the refugee reintegration 
        process in East Timor;
          (2) in the initial report, a 3-year plan for United 
        States foreign assistance to East Timor in accordance 
        with section 632, prepared by the Administrator of the 
        United States Agency for International Development, 
        which outlines the goals for United States foreign 
        assistance to East Timor during the 3-year period;
          (3) a description of the activities undertaken in 
        East Timor by the International Bank for Reconstruction 
        and Development, the Asian Development Bank, and other 
        international financial institutions, and an evaluation 
        of the effectiveness of these activities;
          (4) an assessment of the status of United States 
        trade and investment relations with East Timor, 
        including a detailed analysis of any trade and 
        investment-related activity supported by the Overseas 
        Private Investment Corporation, the Export-Import Bank 
        of the United States, or the Trade and Development 
        Agency during the period of time since the previous 
        report;
          (5) a comprehensive study and report on local 
        agriculture in East Timor, emerging opportunities for 
        producing, processing, and exporting indigenous 
        agricultural products, and recommendations for 
        appropriate technical assistance from the United 
        States; and
          (6) statistical data drawn from other sources on 
        economic growth, health, education, and distribution of 
        resources in East Timor.

          Subtitle D--Clean Water for the Americas Partnership

SEC. 641.\49\ SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Clean Water for the 
Americas Partnership Act of 2002''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \49\ 22 U.S.C. 2151p note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 642.\49\ DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
          (1) Joint project.--The term ``joint project'' means 
        a project between a United States association or 
        nonprofit entity and a Latin American or Caribbean 
        association or nongovernmental organization.
          (2) Latin american or caribbean nongovernmental 
        organization.--The term ``Latin American or Caribbean 
        nongovernmental organization'' includes any institution 
        of higher education, any private nonprofit entity 
        involved in international education activities, or any 
        research institute or other research organization, 
        based in the region.
          (3) Region.--The term ``region'' refers to the region 
        comprised of the member countries of the Organization 
        of American States (other than the United States and 
        Canada).
          (4) United states association.--The term ``United 
        States association'' means a business league described 
        in section 501(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
        1986 (26 U.S.C. 501(c)(6)), and exempt from taxation 
        under section 501(a) of such Code (26 U.S.C. 501(a)).
          (5) United states nonprofit entity.--The term 
        ``United States nonprofit entity'' includes any 
        institution of higher education (as defined in section 
        101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1001(a)), any private nonprofit entity involved in 
        international education activities, or any research 
        institute or other research organization, based in the 
        United States.

SEC. 643.\49\ ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.

    The President is authorized to establish a program which 
shall be known as the ``Clean Water for the Americas 
Partnership''.

SEC. 644.\49\ ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT.

    The President is authorized to conduct a comprehensive 
assessment of the environmental problems in the region to 
determine--
          (1) which environmental problems threaten human 
        health the most, particularly the health of the urban 
        poor;
          (2) which environmental problems are most 
        threatening, in the long-term, to the region's natural 
        resources;
          (3) which countries have the most pressing 
        environmental problems; and
          (4) whether and to what extent there is a market for 
        United States environmental technology, practices, 
        knowledge, and innovations in the region.

SEC. 645.\49\ ESTABLISHMENT OF TECHNOLOGY AMERICA CENTERS.

    (a) Authority To Establish.--The President, acting through 
the Director General of the United States and Foreign 
Commercial Service of the Department of Commerce, is authorized 
to establish Technology America Centers (TEAMs) in the region 
to serve the entire region and, where appropriate, to establish 
TEAMs in urban areas of the region to focus on urban 
environmental problems.
    (b) Functions.--The TEAMs would link United States private 
sector environmental technology firms with local partners, both 
public and private, by providing logistic and information 
support to United States firms seeking to find local partners 
and opportunities for environmental projects. TEAMs should 
emphasize assisting United States small businesses.
    (c) Location.--In determining whether to locate a TEAM in a 
country, the President, acting through the Director General of 
the United States and Foreign Commercial Service of the 
Department of Commerce, shall take into account the country's 
need for logistic and informational support and the 
opportunities presented for United States firms in the country. 
A TEAM may be located in a country without regard to whether a 
mission of the United States Agency for International 
Development is established in that country.

SEC. 646.\49\ PROMOTION OF WATER QUALITY, WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS, AND 
                    ENERGY EFFICIENCY.

    Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
President is authorized to provide matching grants to United 
States associations and United States nonprofit entities for 
the purpose of promoting water quality, water treatment 
systems, and energy efficiency in the region. The grants shall 
be used to support joint projects, including professional 
exchanges, academic fellowships, training programs in the 
United States or in the region, cooperation in regulatory 
review, development of training materials, the establishment 
and development in the region of local chapters of the 
associations or nonprofit entities, and the development of 
online exchanges.

SEC. 647.\49\ GRANTS FOR PREFEASIBILITY STUDIES WITHIN A DESIGNATED 
                    SUBREGION.

    (a) Grant Authority.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, the Director of the Trade and 
        Development Agency is authorized to make grants for 
        prefeasibility studies for water projects in any 
        country within a single subregion or in a single 
        country designated under paragraph (2).
          (2) Designation of subregion.--The Director of the 
        Trade and Development Agency shall designate in advance 
        a single subregion or a single country for purposes of 
        paragraph (1).
    (b) Matching Requirement.--The Director of the Trade and 
Development Agency may not make any grant under this section 
unless there are made available non-Federal contributions in an 
amount equal to not less than 25 percent of the amount of 
Federal funds provided under the grant.
    (c) Limitation Per Single Project.--With respect to any 
single project, grant funds under this section shall be 
available only for the prefeasibility portion of that project.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Prefeasibility.--The term ``prefeasibility'' 
        means, with respect to a project, not more than 25 
        percent of the design phase of the project.
          (2) Subregion.--The term ``subregion'' means an area 
        within the region and includes areas such as Central 
        America, the Andean region, and the Southern cone.

SEC. 648.\49\ CLEAN WATER TECHNICAL SUPPORT COMMITTEE.

    (a) In General.--The President is authorized to establish a 
Clean Water Technical Support Committee (in this section 
referred to as the ``Committee'') to provide technical support 
and training services for individual water projects.
    (b) Composition.--The Committee shall consist of 
international investors, lenders, water service providers, 
suppliers, advisers, and others with a direct interest in 
accelerating development of water projects in the region.
    (c) Functions.--Members of the Committee shall act as field 
advisers and may form specialized working groups to provide in-
country training and technical assistance, and shall serve as a 
source of technical support to resolve barriers to project 
development.

SEC. 649.\49\ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the President $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003, 
2004, and 2005 to carry out this subtitle.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to 
subsection (a) are authorized to remain available until 
expended.

SEC. 650.\49\ REPORT.

    Eighteen months after the establishment of the program 
pursuant to section 643, the President shall submit a report to 
the appropriate congressional committees containing--
          (1) an assessment of the progress made in carrying 
        out the program established under this subtitle; and
          (2) any recommendations for the enactment of 
        legislation to make changes in the program established 
        under this subtitle.

SEC. 651.\49\ TERMINATION DATE.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
authorities of this subtitle shall terminate 3 years after the 
date of establishment of the program described in section 643.
    (b) Exception.--In lieu of the termination date specified 
in subsection (a), the termination required by that subsection 
shall take effect five years after the date of establishment of 
the program described in section 643 if, prior to the 
termination date specified in subsection (a), the President 
determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional 
committees that it would be in the national interest of the 
United States to continue the program described in such section 
643 for an additional 2-year period.

SEC. 652.\49\ EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This subtitle shall take effect 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act.

               Subtitle E--Freedom Investment Act of 2002

SEC. 661.\50\ SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Freedom Investment Act 
of 2002''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \50\ 22 U.S.C. 2151 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 662.\51\ PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this subtitle are the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \51\ 22 U.S.C. 2151n-2 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) To underscore that promoting and protecting human 
        rights is in the national interests of the United 
        States and is consistent with American values and 
        beliefs.
          (2) To establish a goal of devoting one percent of 
        the funds available to the Department under 
        ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'', other than such 
        funds that will be made available for worldwide 
        security upgrades and information resource management, 
        to enhance the ability of the United States to promote 
        respect for human rights and the protection of human 
        rights defenders.

SEC. 663. HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVITIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) Increasing Resources and Importance of Human Rights.--
It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) the budget for the Bureau of Democracy, Human 
        Rights, and Labor for fiscal years 2003 and 2004 should 
        be substantially increased so that beginning in fiscal 
        year 2005, and each fiscal year thereafter, not less 
        than 1 percent of the amounts made available to the 
        Department under the heading ``Diplomatic and Consular 
        Programs'', other than amounts made available for 
        worldwide security upgrades and information resource 
        management, should be made available for salaries and 
        expenses of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and 
        Labor; and
          (2) any assignment of an individual to a political 
        officer position at a United States mission abroad that 
        has the primary responsibility for monitoring human 
        rights developments in a foreign country should be made 
        upon the recommendation of the Assistant Secretary of 
        State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor in 
        conjunction with the head of the Department's regional 
        bureau having primary responsibility for that country.
    (b) Plan Related to Human Rights Activities.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report containing a plan for the Department 
designed to achieve the following objectives:
          (1) Improving the integration of human rights policy 
        into the Department's overall policy formulation and 
        implementation.
          (2) Achieving closer communication and policy 
        coordination between the Bureau of Democracy, Human 
        Rights, and Labor and the regional bureaus of the 
        Department, both within the United States and at 
        overseas posts.
          (3) Assigning individuals recommended by the Bureau 
        of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, in conjunction 
        with the relevant Department regional bureau, to 
        political officer positions at United States missions 
        abroad that have the primary responsibility for 
        monitoring human rights developments in foreign 
        countries.

SEC. 664.\52\ HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY FUND.

    (a) Establishment of Fund.--There is established a Human 
Rights and Democracy Fund (in this section referred to as the 
``Fund'') to be administered by the Assistant Secretary of 
State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \52\ 22 U.S.C. 2151n-2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Purposes of Fund.--The purposes of the Fund shall be--
          (1) to support defenders of human rights;
          (2) to assist the victims of human rights violations;
          (3) to respond to human rights emergencies;
          (4) to promote and encourage the growth of democracy, 
        including the support for nongovernmental organizations 
        in foreign countries; and
          (5) to carry out such other related activities as are 
        consistent with paragraphs (1) through (4).
    (c) Funding.--
          (1) In general.--Of the amounts made available to 
        carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 for fiscal year 2003, 
        $21,500,000 is authorized to be available to the Fund 
        for carrying out the purposes described in subsection 
        (b). Amounts made available to the Fund under this 
        paragraph shall also be deemed to have been made 
        available under section 116(e) of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(e)).
          (2) Allocation of funds for the documentation center 
        of cambodia.--Of the amount authorized to be available 
        to the Fund under paragraph (1) for fiscal year 2003, 
        $1,000,000 is authorized to be available for the 
        Documentation Center of Cambodia for the purpose of 
        collecting, cataloguing, and disseminating information 
        about the atrocities committed by the Khmer Rouge 
        against the Cambodian people.
          (3) Father john kaiser memorial fund.--Of the amount 
        authorized to be available to the Fund under paragraph 
        (1) for fiscal year 2003, $500,000 is authorized to be 
        available to advance the extraordinary work and values 
        of Father John Kaiser with respect to solving ethnic 
        conflict and promoting government accountability and 
        respect for human rights. The amount made available 
        under this paragraph may be referred to as the ``Father 
        John Kaiser Memorial Fund''.

SEC. 665.\53\ REPORTS ON ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE UNITED STATES TO 
                    ENCOURAGE RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS.

    (a) Section 116 Report.--Section 116(d) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d)) is amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \53\ For text of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, 
see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Section 502B Report.--Section 502B(b) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2304(b)) is amended * * *
    (c) \54\ Separate Report.--The information to be included 
in the report required by sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 pursuant to the amendments made 
by subsections (a) and (b) may be submitted by the Secretary as 
a separate report. If the Secretary elects to submit such 
information as a separate report, such report shall be 
submitted not later than 30 days after the date of submission 
of the report required by section 116(d) and 502B(b) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \54\ 22 U.S.C. 2151n note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

   Subtitle F--Elimination and Streamlining of Reporting Requirements

SEC. 671. ELIMINATION OF CERTAIN REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    The following provisions of law are hereby repealed:
          (1) Economic policy and trade practices.--Section 
        2202 of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 
        1988 (15 U.S.C. 4711).
          (2) Annual reports on economic and social growth.--
        Section 574 of the Foreign Operations, Export 
        Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
        1996 (22 U.S.C. 2394 note).
          (3) Reporting requirements regarding certain leases 
        of real property.--Section 488(a)(3) of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291g(3); relating to 
        reporting requirements regarding certain leases of real 
        property).
          (4) Reporting requirements regarding placement of 
        senior foreign service personnel.--Section 324 of the 
        Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign 
        Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 
        (section 324 of division A of H.R. 3427, as enacted 
        into law by section 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 
        appendix G; 113 Stat. 1501A-437).

SEC. 672. BIENNIAL REPORTS ON PROGRAMS TO ENCOURAGE GOOD GOVERNANCE.

    (a) \55\ Conversion of annual reports to biennial 
reports.--Section 133(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
(22 U.S.C. 2152c(d)) is amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \55\ For sec. 133(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as 
amended, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) \56\ Transition.--The first biennial report under 
section 133(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2152c(d)), as amended by subsection (a), is required to be 
submitted not later than two years after the date of submission 
of the last annual report required under such section 133 (as 
in effect before the date of enactment of this Act).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \56\ 22 U.S.C. 2152c note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 681. AMENDMENTS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM ACT OF 
                    1998.

    (a) Violations of Religious Freedom.--Section 102(b)(1)(B) 
of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 
6412(b)(1)(B)) is amended * * *
    (b) Establishment of Staggered Terms of Members of 
Commission.--Section 201(c) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 6431(c)) is 
amended * * *
    (c) Election of Chair of Commission.--Section 201(d) of 
such Act (22 U.S.C. 6431(d)) is amended * * *
    (d) Vacancies.--Section 201(g) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 
6431(g)) is amended * * *
    (e) Authorizations of Appropriations.--Section 207(a) of 
such Act (22 U.S.C. 6435(a)) is amended * * *
    (f) Procurement of Nongovernmental Services.--The third 
sentence of section 208(c)(1) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 
6435a(c)(1)) is amended * * *
    (g) Revised Termination Date of Commission.--Section 209 of 
the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 
6436) is amended * * *

SEC. 682. AMENDMENTS TO THE VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING AND VIOLENCE 
                    PROTECTION ACT OF 2000.

    (a) Assistance for Victims in Other Countries.--Section 
107(a)(1) of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection 
Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(a)(1)) is amended * * *
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 113 of the 
Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (22 
U.S.C. 7110) is amended--* * *

SEC. 683.\57\ ANNUAL HUMAN RIGHTS COUNTRY REPORTS ON CHILD SOLDIERS.

    (a) Countries Receiving Economic Assistance.--Section 
116(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2151n(d)), as amended by section 665(a) of this Act, is further 
amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \57\ For the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, see 
Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Countries Receiving Security Assistance.--Section 
502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2304(b)) is amended * * *

SEC. 684. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CAUCUS ON INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS 
                    CONTROL.

    Section 814(i) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93) is amended * * *

SEC. 685. PARTICIPATION OF SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW 
                    ENFORCEMENT.

    The Secretary shall ensure, where practicable, that 
appropriate government officials from countries in the South 
Asia region shall be eligible to attend courses at the 
International Law Enforcement Academy located in Bangkok, 
Thailand, and Budapest, Hungary, consistent with other 
provisions of law, with the goal of enhancing regional 
cooperation in the fight against transnational crime.

SEC. 686. PAYMENT OF ANTI-TERRORISM JUDGMENTS.

    Section 2002(a)(2)(A)(ii) of the Victims of Trafficking and 
Violence Protection Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-386; 114 Stat. 
1542)) is amended * * *

SEC. 687.\58\ REPORTS ON PARTICIPATION BY SMALL BUSINESSES IN 
                    PROCUREMENT CONTRACTS OF USAID.

    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
the designated congressional committees a report that contains 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \58\ 22 U.S.C. 2352 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) For each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 
        2002:
                  (A) The total number of the contracts that 
                were awarded by the Agency to--
                          (i) all small businesses;
                          (ii) small business concerns owned 
                        and controlled by socially and 
                        economically disadvantaged individuals;
                          (iii) small business concerns owned 
                        and controlled by women;
                          (iv) small businesses participating 
                        in the program under section 8(a) of 
                        such Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)); and
                          (v) qualified HUBZone small business 
                        concerns.
                  (B) The percentage of all contracts awarded 
                by the Agency that were awarded to the small 
                businesses in each category of small businesses 
                specified in clauses (i) through (v) of 
                subparagraph (A), as computed on the basis of 
                dollar amounts.
                  (C) Of all contracts awarded by the Agency 
                for performance in the United States, the 
                percentage of the contracts that were awarded 
                to the small businesses in each category of 
                small businesses specified in clauses (i) 
                through (v) of subparagraph (A), as computed on 
                the basis of dollar amounts.
                  (D) To the extent available--
                          (i) the total number of grant and 
                        cooperative agreements that were made 
                        by the Agency to the small businesses 
                        in each category of small businesses 
                        specified in clauses (i) through (v) of 
                        subparagraph (A);
                          (ii) the percentage of all grant and 
                        cooperative agreements awarded by the 
                        Agency that were awarded to small 
                        businesses in each category of small 
                        businesses specified in clauses (i) 
                        through (v) of subparagraph (A), as 
                        computed on the basis of dollar 
                        amounts; and
                          (iii) of all grant and cooperative 
                        agreements made by the Agency to 
                        entities in the United States, the 
                        percentage of the grant and cooperative 
                        agreements that were awarded to small 
                        businesses in each category of small 
                        businesses specified in clauses (i) 
                        through (v) of subparagraph (A), as 
                        computed on the basis of dollar 
                        amounts.
                  (E) To the extent available--
                          (i) the total dollar amount of all 
                        subcontracts entered into with the 
                        small businesses in each category 
                        specified in clauses (i) through (v) of 
                        subparagraph (A) by the prime 
                        contractors for contracts entered into 
                        by the Agency; and
                          (ii) the percentage of all contracts 
                        entered into by the Agency that were 
                        performed under subcontracts described 
                        in clause (i), as computed on the basis 
                        of dollar amounts.
          (2) An analysis of any specific industries or sectors 
        that are underrepresented by small businesses in the 
        awarding of contracts by the Agency and, to the extent 
        such information is available, such analysis pertaining 
        to the making of grants and cooperative agreements by 
        the Agency.
          (3) A specific plan of outreach, including measurable 
        achievement milestones, to increase the total number of 
        contracts that are awarded by the Agency, and the 
        percentage of all contracts awarded by the Agency 
        (computed on the basis of dollar amount) that are 
        awarded, to--
                  (A) all small businesses;
                  (B) small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals;
                  (C) small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by women;
                  (D) small businesses participating in the 
                program under section 8(a) of such Act (15 
                U.S.C. 637(a)); and
                  (E) qualified HUBZone small business 
                concerns,
        in order to meet the statutory and voluntary targets 
        established by the Agency and the Small Business 
        Administration, with a particular focus on the 
        industries or sectors identified in paragraph (2).
          (4) Any other information the Administrator 
        determines appropriate.
    (b) Plan To Increase Small Business Contracting.--The plan 
required for the report under subsection (a)(3) shall include 
the following matters:
          (1) Proposals and milestones that apply to all 
        contracts entered into by or on behalf of the Agency in 
        Washington, D.C., and proposals and milestones that 
        apply to all contracts entered into by or on behalf of 
        the Agency by offices outside Washington, D.C.
          (2) Proposals and milestones of the Agency to 
        increase the amount of subcontracting to businesses 
        described in such subsection (a)(3) by the prime 
        contractors of the Agency.
          (3) With the milestones described in paragraph (2), a 
        description of how the Administrator plans to use the 
        failure of a prime contractor to meet goals as a 
        ranking factor for evaluating any other submission from 
        the contractor for future contracts by the Agency.
    (c) Annual Reports.--Not later than January 31, 2004, 
January 31, 2005, and January 31, 2006, the Administrator shall 
submit to the designated congressional committees a report for 
the preceding fiscal year that contains a description of the 
percentage of total contract and grant and cooperative 
agreement dollar amounts that were entered into by the Agency, 
and the total number of contracts and grants and cooperative 
agreements that were awarded by the Agency, to small businesses 
in each category specified in clauses (i) through (v) of 
subsection (a)(1)(A) during such fiscal year. The report for a 
fiscal year shall include, separately stated for contracts and 
grant and cooperative agreements entered into by the Agency, 
the percentage of the contracts and grant and cooperative 
agreements, respectively, that were awarded to small businesses 
in each such category, as computed on the basis of dollar 
amounts. The report shall also include a description of 
achievements toward measurable milestones for direct contracts 
of the Agency entered into by offices outside of Washington, 
D.C., and for subcontracting by prime contractors of the 
Agency.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means 
        the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
        International Development.
          (2) Agency.--The term ``Agency'' means the United 
        States Agency for International Development.
          (3) Designated congressional committees.--The term 
        ``designated congressional committees'' means--
                  (A) the Committee on International Relations 
                and the Committee on Small Business of the 
                House of Representatives; and
                  (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and 
                the Committee on Small Business of the Senate.

SEC. 688.\59\ PROGRAM TO IMPROVE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND PRACTICES IN 
                    LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES.

    (a) In General.--The President, acting through the 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development, is authorized, under such terms and conditions as 
the President may determine, to carry out a program to improve 
building construction codes and practices in Ecuador, El 
Salvador, and other Latin American countries (in this section 
referred to as the ``program'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \59\ 22 U.S.C. 2152e.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Program Description.--
          (1) In general.--The program shall be in the form of 
        grants to, or contracts with, organizations described 
        in paragraph (2) to support the following activities:
                  (A) Training.--Training of appropriate 
                professionals in Latin America from both the 
                public and private sectors to enhance their 
                understanding of building and housing codes and 
                standards.
                  (B) Translation and distribution.--
                Translating and distributing in the region 
                detailed construction manuals, model building 
                codes, and publications from organizations 
                described in paragraph (2), including materials 
                that address zoning, egress, fire and life 
                safety, plumbing, sewage, sanitation, 
                electrical installation, mechanical 
                installation, structural engineering, and 
                seismic design.
                  (C) Other assistance.--Offering other 
                relevant assistance as needed, such as helping 
                government officials develop seismic micro-
                zonation maps or draft pertinent legislation, 
                to implement building codes and practices that 
                will help improve the resistance of buildings 
                and housing in the region to seismic activity 
                and other natural disasters.
          (2) Covered organizations.--Grants and contracts 
        provided under this section shall be carried out 
        through United States organizations with expertise in 
        the areas described in paragraph (1), including the 
        American Society of Testing Materials, the Underwriters 
        Laboratories, the American Society of Mechanical 
        Engineers, the American Society of Civil Engineers, the 
        American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air 
        Conditioning Engineers, the International Association 
        of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, the International 
        Code Council, and the National Fire Protection 
        Association.

SEC. 689. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO HIV/AIDS AND UNITED NATIONS 
                    PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the President should 
direct the Secretary and the United States Representative to 
the United Nations to urge the United Nations to adopt an HIV/
AIDS mitigation strategy as a component of United Nations 
peacekeeping operations.

SEC. 690. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO MAGEN DAVID ADOM SOCIETY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
          (1) It is the mission of the International Red Cross 
        and Red Crescent Movement to prevent and alleviate 
        human suffering wherever it may be found, without 
        discrimination.
          (2) The International Red Cross and Red Crescent 
        Movement is a worldwide institution in which all 
        national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies have 
        equal status.
          (3) The Magen David Adom Society is the national 
        humanitarian society in the State of Israel.
          (4) Since 1949 the Magen David Adom Society has been 
        refused admission into the International Red Cross and 
        Red Crescent Movement and has been relegated to 
        observer status without a vote because it has used the 
        Red Shield of David, the only such national 
        organization denied membership in the Movement.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) the International Committee of the Red Cross 
        should immediately recognize the Magen David Adom 
        Society;
          (2) the Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent 
        Societies should grant full membership to the Magen 
        David Adom Society immediately following recognition by 
        the International Committee of the Red Cross of the 
        Magen David Adom Society as a full member of the 
        International Committee of the Red Cross;
          (3) the Red Shield of David should be accorded the 
        same protections under international law as the Red 
        Cross and the Red Crescent; and
          (4) the United States should continue to press for 
        full membership for the Magen David Adom Society in the 
        International Red Cross Movement.

SEC. 691. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE LOCATION OF PEACE CORPS 
                    OFFICES ABROAD.

    It is the sense of the Congress that, to the degree 
permitted by security considerations, the Secretary should give 
favorable consideration to requests by the Director of the 
Peace Corps that the Secretary exercise his authority under 
section 606(a)(2)(B) of the Secure Embassy Construction and 
Counterterrorism Act of 1999 (22 U.S.C. 4865(a)(2)(B)) to waive 
certain requirements of that Act in order to permit the Peace 
Corps to maintain offices in foreign countries at locations 
separate from the United States embassy.

SEC. 692. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO RESOLUTION OF THE TAIWAN STRAIT 
                    ISSUE.

    It is the sense of the Congress that Taiwan is a mature 
democracy that fully respects human rights and it is the policy 
of the United States that any resolution of the Taiwan Strait 
issue must be peaceful and include the assent of the people of 
Taiwan.

SEC. 693. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO DISPLAY OF THE AMERICAN FLAG AT 
                    THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the American Institute 
in Taiwan and the residence of the director of the American 
Institute in Taiwan should publicly display the flag of the 
United States in the same manner as United States embassies, 
consulates, and official residences throughout the world.

SEC. 694.\60\ REPORTS ON ACTIVITIES IN COLOMBIA.

    (a) Report on Reform Activities.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \60\ 22 U.S.C. 2291 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than 
        April 1 of each year thereafter, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report on the status of activities funded or 
        authorized, in whole or in part, by the Department or 
        the Department of Defense in Colombia to promote 
        alternative development, recovery and resettlement of 
        internally displaced persons, judicial reform, the 
        peace process, and human rights.
          (2) Contents.--Each such report shall contain the 
        following:
                  (A) A summary of activities described in 
                paragraph (1) during the previous 12-month 
                period.
                  (B) An estimated timetable for the conduct of 
                such activities in the subsequent 12-month 
                period.
                  (C) An explanation of any delay in meeting 
                timetables contained in the previous report 
                submitted in accordance with this subsection.
                  (D) An assessment of steps to be taken to 
                correct any delays in meeting such timetables.
    (b) Report on Certain Counternarcotics Activities.--
          (1) Declaration of policy.--It is the policy of the 
        United States to encourage the transfer of 
        counternarcotics activities carried out in Colombia by 
        United States businesses that have entered into 
        agreements with the Department or the Department of 
        Defense to conduct such activities, to Colombian 
        nationals, in particular personnel of the Colombian 
        antinarcotics police, when properly qualified personnel 
        are available.
          (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, and not later than April 
        1 of each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
        the activities of United States businesses that have 
        entered into agreements in the previous 12-month period 
        with the Department or the Department of Defense to 
        carry out counternarcotics activities in Colombia.
          (3) Contents.--Each such report shall contain the 
        following:
                  (A) The name of each United States business 
                described in paragraph (2) and description of 
                the counternarcotics activities carried out by 
                the business in Colombia.
                  (B) The total value of all payments by the 
                Department and the Department of Defense to 
                each such business for such activities.
                  (C) A written statement justifying the 
                decision by the Department and the Department 
                of Defense to enter into an agreement with each 
                such business for such activities.
                  (D) An assessment of the risks to personal 
                safety and potential involvement in hostilities 
                incurred by employees of each such business as 
                a result of their activities in Colombia.
                  (E) A plan to provide for the transfer of the 
                counternarcotics activities carried out by such 
                United States businesses to Colombian 
                nationals, in particular personnel of the 
                Colombian antinarcotics police.
          (4) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``United States business'' means any person (including 
        any corporation, partnership, or other organization) 
        that is subject to the jurisdiction of the United 
        States or organized under the laws of the United 
        States, but does not include any person (including any 
        corporation, partnership, or other organization) that 
        performs contracts involving personal services.

SEC. 695. REPORT ON UNITED STATES-SPONSORED ACTIVITIES IN COLOMBIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) Heroin originating from Colombia is beginning to 
        dominate the illicit market of that narcotic in the 
        United States partly because law enforcement has 
        struggled to interdict effectively what is often 
        voluminous importations of small quantities of 
        Colombia's inexpensive and pure heroin.
          (2) Destruction of opium, from which heroin is 
        derived, at its source in Colombia is traditionally one 
        of the best strategies to combat the heroin crisis in 
        the United States, according to Federal law enforcement 
        officials.
          (3) There is a growing alarm concerning the spillover 
        effect of Plan Colombia on Ecuador, a frontline state. 
        The northern region of Ecuador, including the Sucumbios 
        province, is an area of particular concern.
          (4) As a result of Plan Colombia-related activities, 
        drug traffickers, guerrillas, and paramilitary groups 
        have made incursions from Colombia into Ecuador, 
        increasing the level of violence and delinquency in the 
        border region.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 150 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees which sets 
forth a statement of policy and comprehensive strategy for 
United States activities in Colombia related to--
          (1) the eradication of all opium cultivation at its 
        source in Colombia; and
          (2) the impact of Plan Colombia on Ecuador and the 
        other adjacent countries to Colombia.

SEC. 696. REPORT ON EXTRADITION POLICY AND PRACTICE.

    Not later than May 1, 2003, the Secretary shall submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees on 
extradition practice between the United States and governments 
of foreign countries with which the United States has an 
extradition relationship. The report shall include--
          (1) an aggregate list, by country, of--
                  (A) the number of extradition requests made 
                by the United States to that country in 2002; 
                and
                  (B) the number of fugitives extradited by 
                that country to the United States in 2002;
          (2) an aggregate list, by country, of--
                  (A) the number of extradition requests made 
                by that country to the United States in 2002; 
                and
                  (B) the number of fugitives extradited by the 
                United States to that country in 2002;
          (3) any other relevant information regarding 
        difficulties the United States has experienced in 
        obtaining the extradition of fugitives (including a 
        discussion of the unwillingness of treaty partners to 
        extradite nationals or where fugitives may face capital 
        punishment or life imprisonment); and
          (4) a summary of the Department's efforts in 2002 to 
        negotiate new or revised extradition treaties, and its 
        agenda for such negotiations in 2003.

SEC. 697. SPECIAL COURT FOR SIERRA LEONE.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that prompt establishment of a 
Special Court for Sierra Leone is an important step in 
restoring a credible system of justice and accountability for 
the crimes committed in Sierra Leone and would contribute to 
the process of national reconciliation in that country.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the United States should support the Truth and Reconciliation 
Commission in Sierra Leone, including through assistance in the 
collection of human rights data relevant to the Commission's 
work.
    (c) Allocation of Funds.--Of the amounts made available to 
the Department of State for fiscal year 2003, there is 
authorized to be available $5,000,000 to support the Special 
Court for Sierra Leone.
    (d) Extension of Rewards Program.--Section 102 of Public 
Law 105-323, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2708 note), is further 
amended--* * *

SEC. 698. UNITED STATES ENVOY FOR PEACE IN SUDAN.

    There should continue to be a United States Envoy for Peace 
in Sudan until the full implementation of a comprehensive 
settlement to the conflict in Sudan that is acceptable to the 
parties to the conflict.

SEC. 699.\61\ TRANSFER OF PROSCRIBED WEAPONS TO PERSONS OR ENTITIES IN 
                    THE WEST BANK AND GAZA.

    (a) Determination Regarding Transfers.--If the President 
determines, based on a preponderance of the evidence, that a 
foreign person or entity has knowingly transferred proscribed 
weapons to Palestinian entities in the West Bank or Gaza, then, 
for the period specified in subsection (b), no assistance may 
be provided to the person or entity under part II of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and no sales of defense articles 
or defense services may be made to the person or entity under 
section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \61\ 22 U.S.C. 2301 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Duration of Prohibition.--The period referred to in 
subsection (a) is the period commencing on the date on which a 
notification of a determination under subsection (a) is 
submitted to the appropriate congressional committees and 
ending on the date that is two years after such date.
    (c) Report.--In conjunction with the report required under 
title VIII of the P.L.O. Commitments Compliance Act of 1989 
(Public Law 101-246), the President shall submit a report to 
the appropriate congressional committees on transfers reviewed 
pursuant to subsection (a).
    (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``proscribed 
weapons'' means arms, ammunition, and equipment the transfer of 
which is not in compliance with the Agreement on the Gaza Strip 
and the Jericho Area of May 4, 1994, its annexes, or subsequent 
agreements between Israel and the PLO, or Palestinian 
Authority, as appropriate.

SEC. 700. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO ARSENIC CONTAMINATION IN 
                    DRINKING WATER IN BANGLADESH.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
          (1) beginning in 1993, naturally occurring inorganic 
        arsenic contamination of water began to be confirmed in 
        Bangladesh in tube-wells installed in the 1970s, when 
        standard water testing did not include arsenic tests;
          (2) because health effects of ingesting arsenic-
        contaminated drinking water appear slowly, preventative 
        measures are critical to preventing future 
        contamination in the Bangladeshi population; and
          (3) health effects of exposure to arsenic include 
        skin lesions, skin cancer, and mortality from internal 
        cancers.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the Secretary should--
          (1) work with appropriate United States Government 
        agencies, national laboratories, universities in the 
        United States, the Government of Bangladesh, 
        international financial institutions and organizations, 
        and international donors to identify a long-term 
        solution to the arsenic-contaminated drinking water 
        problem in Bangladesh, including drawing arsenic out of 
        the existing tube-wells and finding alternate sources 
        of water; and
          (2) submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
        committees on proposals to bring about arsenic-free 
        drinking water to Bangladeshis and to facilitate 
        treatment for those who have already been affected by 
        arsenic-contaminated drinking water in Bangladesh.

SEC. 701. POLICING REFORM AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTHERN IRELAND.

    (a) Congressional Statement of Policy.--Congress--
          (1) supports independent judicial public inquiries 
        into the murders of defense attorneys Patrick Finucane 
        and Rosemary Nelson as a way to instill confidence in 
        the Police Service of Northern Ireland; and
          (2) continues to urge the United Kingdom to take 
        appropriate action to protect defense lawyers and human 
        rights defenders in Northern Ireland.
    (b) Decommissioning Weapons.--Congress--
          (1) calls on the Irish Republican Army to continue 
        and complete the decommissioning of all their arms and 
        explosives; and
          (2) calls for--
                  (A) the decommissioning of all weapons held 
                by paramilitaries on all sides, such as the 
                Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA), the 
                Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA), the 
                Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA), the 
                Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF), the Orange 
                Volunteers (OV), the Red Hand Defenders (RHD), 
                the Ulster Defense Association/Ulster Freedom 
                Fighters (UDA/UFF), the Ulster Volunteer Force 
                (UVF); and
                  (B) the immediate cessation of paramilitary 
                punishment attacks and exiling.
    (c) Support for Global War on Terrorism.--Congress 
recognizes the United Kingdom's commitment to support the 
United States in a global war on terrorism.
    (d) Report on Policing Reform and Human Rights in Northern 
Ireland.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall submit a report to 
the appropriate congressional committees on the following:
          (1) The extent to which the Governments of the United 
        Kingdom and Ireland have implemented the 
        recommendations relating to the 175 policing reforms 
        contained in the Patten Commission report issued on 
        September 9, 1999, including a description of the 
        progress of the integration of human rights, as well as 
        recruitment procedures aimed at increasing Catholic 
        representation, including the effectiveness of such 
        procedures, in the new Police Service of Northern 
        Ireland.
          (2) The status of the investigations into the murders 
        of Patrick Finucane, Rosemary Nelson, and Robert 
        Hammill, including the extent to which progress has 
        been made on recommendations for independent judicial 
        public inquiries into these murders.
          (3) All decommissioning acts taken to date by the 
        Irish Republican Army, including the quantity and 
        precise character of what the IRA decommissioned, as 
        reported and verified by the International Commission 
        on Decommissioning.
          (4) All acts of decommissioning taken by other 
        paramilitary organizations, including a description of 
        all weapons and explosives decommissioned.
          (5) A description of the measures taken to ensure 
        that the programs described under subsection (e) comply 
        with the requirements of that subsection.
    (e) Compliance With Prior Provisions.--Any training or 
exchange program conducted by the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation or any other Federal law enforcement agency for 
the Police Service of Northern Ireland or its members shall--
          (1) be necessary to improve the professionalism of 
        policing in Northern Ireland;
          (2) be necessary to advance the peace process in 
        Northern Ireland;
          (3) include in the curriculum a significant human 
        rights component; and
          (4) only be provided to Police Service of Northern 
        Ireland (PSNI) members who have been subject to a 
        vetting procedure established by the Department and the 
        Department of Justice to ensure that such program does 
        not include PSNI members who there are substantial 
        ground for believing have committed or condoned 
        violations of internationally recognized human rights, 
        including any role in the murder of Patrick Finucane or 
        Rosemary Nelson or other violence or serious threat of 
        violence against defense attorneys in Northern Ireland.

SEC. 702.\62\ ANNUAL REPORTS ON UNITED STATES-VIETNAM HUMAN RIGHTS 
                    DIALOGUE MEETINGS.

    Not later than December 31 of each year or 60 days after 
the second United States-Vietnam human rights dialogue meeting 
held in a calendar year, whichever is earlier, the Secretary 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report covering the issues discussed at the previous two 
meetings and describing to what extent the Government of 
Vietnam has made progress during the calendar year toward 
achieving the following objectives:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \62\ 22 U.S.C. 2151n note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Improving the Government of Vietnam's commercial 
        and criminal codes to bring them into conformity with 
        international standards, including the repeal of the 
        Government of Vietnam's administrative detention decree 
        (Directive 31/CP).
          (2) Releasing political and religious activists who 
        have been imprisoned or otherwise detained by the 
        Government of Vietnam, and ceasing surveillance and 
        harassment of those who have been released.
          (3) Ending official restrictions on religious 
        activity, including implementing the recommendations of 
        the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Religious 
        Intolerance.
          (4) Promoting freedom for the press, including 
        freedom of movement of members of the Vietnamese and 
        foreign press.
          (5) Improving prison conditions and providing 
        transparency in the penal system of Vietnam, including 
        implementing the recommendations of the United Nations 
        Working Group on Arbitrary Detention.
          (6) Respecting the basic rights of indigenous 
        minority groups, especially in the central and northern 
        highlands of Vietnam.
          (7) Respecting the basic rights of workers, including 
        working with the International Labor Organization to 
        improve mechanisms for promoting such rights.
          (8) Cooperating with requests by the United States to 
        obtain full and free access to persons who may be 
        eligible for admission to the United States as refugees 
        or immigrants, and allowing such persons to leave 
        Vietnam without being subjected to extortion or other 
        corrupt practices.

SEC. 703. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN 
                    INDONESIA.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Government of 
Indonesia should--
          (1) demonstrate substantial progress toward ending 
        human rights violations by the armed forces in 
        Indonesia (TNI);
          (2) terminate any TNI support for and cooperation 
        with terrorist organizations, including Laskar Jihad 
        and militias operating in the Malukus, Central 
        Sulawesi, West Papua (Irian Jaya), and elsewhere;
          (3) investigate and prosecute those responsible for 
        human rights violations, including TNI officials, 
        members of Laskar Jihad, militias, and other terrorist 
        organizations; and
          (4) make concerted and demonstrable efforts to find 
        and prosecute those responsible for the murders of 
        Papuan leader Theys Elvay, Acehnse human rights 
        advocate Jafar Siddiq Hamzah, and United States 
        citizens Edwin L. Burgon and Ricky L. Spier.

SEC. 704. REPORT CONCERNING THE GERMAN FOUNDATION ``REMEMBRANCE, 
                    RESPONSIBILITY, AND THE FUTURE''.

    (a) Report Concerning the German Foundation ``Remembrance, 
Responsibility, and the Future''.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days 
thereafter until all funds made available to the German 
Foundation have been disbursed, the Secretary shall report to 
the appropriate congressional committees on the status of the 
implementation of the Agreement and, to the extent possible, on 
whether or not--
          (1) during the 180-day period preceding the date of 
        the report, the German Bundestag has authorized the 
        allocation of funds to the Foundation, in accordance 
        with section 17 of the law on the creation of the 
        Foundation, enacted by the Federal Republic of Germany 
        on August 8, 2000;
          (2) the entire sum of 10,000,000,000 deutsche marks 
        has been made available to the German Foundation in 
        accordance with Annex B to the Joint Statement of July 
        17, 2000;
          (3) during the 180-day period preceding the date of 
        the report, any company or companies investigating a 
        claim, who are members of ICHEIC, were required to 
        provide to the claimant, within 90 days after receiving 
        the claim, a status report on the claim, or a decision 
        that included--
                  (A) an explanation of the decision, pursuant 
                to those standards of ICHEIC to be applied in 
                approving claims;
                  (B) all documents relevant to the claim that 
                were retrieved in the investigation; and
                  (C) an explanation of the procedures for 
                appeal of the decision;
          (4) during the 180-day period preceding the date of 
        the report, any entity that elected to determine claims 
        under Article 1(4) of the Agreement was required to 
        comply with the standards of proof, criteria for 
        publishing policyholder names, valuation standards, 
        auditing requirements, and decisions of the Chairman of 
        ICHEIC;
          (5) during the 180-day period preceding the date of 
        the report, an independent process to appeal decisions 
        made by any entity that elected to determine claims 
        under Article 1(4) of the Agreement was available to 
        and accessible by any claimant wishing to appeal such a 
        decision, and the appellate body had the jurisdiction 
        and resources necessary to fully investigate each claim 
        on appeal and provide a timely response;
          (6) an independent audit of compliance by every 
        entity that has elected to determine claims under 
        Article 1(4) of the Agreement has been conducted; and
          (7) the administrative and operational expenses 
        incurred by the companies that are members of ICHEIC 
        are appropriate for the administration of claims 
        described in paragraph (3).
The Secretary's report shall include the Secretary's 
justification for each determination under this subsection.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress 
that--
          (1) the resolution of slave and forced labor claims 
        is an urgent issue for aging Holocaust survivors, and 
        the German Bundestag should allocate funds for 
        disbursement by the German Foundation to Holocaust 
        survivors as soon as possible; and
          (2) ICHEIC should work in consultation with the 
        Secretary in gathering the information required for the 
        report under subsection (a).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Agreement.--The term ``Agreement'' means the 
        Agreement between the Government of the United States 
        of America and the Government of the Federal Republic 
        of Germany concerning the Foundation ``Remembrance, 
        Responsibility and the Future'', done at Berlin July 
        17, 2000.
          (2) Annex b to the joint statement of july 17, 
        2000.--The term ``Annex B to the Joint Statement of 
        July 17, 2000'' means Annex B to the Joint Statement on 
        occasion of the final plenary meeting concluding 
        international talks on the preparation of the Federal 
        Foundation ``Remembrance, Responsibility and the 
        Future'', done at Berlin on July 17, 2000.
          (3) German foundation.--The term ``German 
        Foundation'' means the Foundation ``Remembrance, 
        Responsibility and the Future'' referred to in the 
        Agreement.
          (4) ICHEIC.--The term ``ICHEIC'' means the 
        International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance 
        Claims referred to in Article 1(4) of the Agreement.

SEC. 705. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RETURN OF PORTRAITS OF HOLOCAUST VICTIMS 
                    TO THE ARTIST DINA BABBITT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
          (1) Dina Babbitt (formerly known as Dinah 
        Gottliebova), a United States citizen has requested the 
        return of watercolor portraits she painted while 
        suffering a 1\1/2\-year-long internment at the 
        Auschwitz death camp during World War II;
          (2) Dina Babbitt was ordered to paint the portraits 
        by the infamous war criminal Dr. Josef Mengele;
          (3) Dina Babbitt's life, and her mother's life, were 
        spared only because she painted portraits of doomed 
        inmates of Auschwitz-Birkenau, under orders from Dr. 
        Josef Mengele;
          (4) these paintings are currently in the possession 
        of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum;
          (5) Dina Babbitt is the rightful owner of the 
        artwork, since the paintings were produced by her own 
        talented hands as she endured the unspeakable 
        conditions that existed at the Auschwitz death camp;
          (6) the artwork is not available for the public to 
        view at the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum and 
        therefore this unique and important body of work is 
        essentially lost to history; and
          (7) this continued injustice can be righted through 
        cooperation between agencies of the United States and 
        Poland.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
          (1) recognizes the moral right of Dina Babbitt to 
        obtain the artwork she created, and recognizes her 
        courage in the face of the evils perpetrated by the 
        Nazi command of the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, 
        including the atrocities committed by Dr. Josef 
        Mengele;
          (2) urges the President to make all efforts necessary 
        to retrieve the 7 watercolor portraits Dina Babbitt 
        painted, while suffering a 1\1/2\-year-long internment 
        at the Auschwitz death camp, and return them to her;
          (3) urges the Secretary to make immediate diplomatic 
        efforts to facilitate the transfer of the 7 original 
        watercolors painted by Dina Babbitt from the Auschwitz-
        Birkenau State Museum to Dina Babbitt, their rightful 
        owner;
          (4) urges the Government of Poland to immediately 
        facilitate the return to Dina Babbitt of the artwork 
        painted by her that is now in the possession of the 
        Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum; and
          (5) urges the officials of the Auschwitz-Birkenau 
        State Museum to transfer the 7 original paintings to 
        Dina Babbitt as expeditiously as possible.

SEC. 706.\63\ INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES.

    During any fiscal year, funds that would otherwise be 
withheld from obligation or expenditure under section 490 of 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be obligated or expended 
beginning October 1 of such fiscal year provided that:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \63\ 22 U.S.C. 2291j-1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Report.--Not later than September 15 of the 
        previous fiscal year the President has submitted to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report 
        identifying each country determined by the President to 
        be a major drug transit country or major illicit drug 
        producing country as defined in section 481(e) of the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
          (2) Designation and justification.--In each report 
        under paragraph (1), the President shall also--
                  (A) designate each country, if any, 
                identified in such report that has failed 
                demonstrably, during the previous 12 months, to 
                make substantial efforts--
                          (i) to adhere to its obligations 
                        under international counternarcotics 
                        agreements; and
                          (ii) to take the counternarcotics 
                        measures set forth in section 489(a)(1) 
                        of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; 
                        and
                  (B) include a justification for each country 
                so designated.
          (3) Limitation on assistance for designated 
        countries.--In the case of a country identified in a 
        report under paragraph (1) that is also designated 
        under paragraph (2) in the report, United States 
        assistance may be provided to such country in the 
        subsequent fiscal year only if the President determines 
        and reports to the appropriate congressional committees 
        that--
                  (A) provision of such assistance to the 
                country in such fiscal year is vital to the 
                national interests of the United States; or
                  (B) subsequent to the designation being made 
                under paragraph (2)(A), the country has made 
                substantial efforts--
                          (i) to adhere to its obligations 
                        under international counternarcotics 
                        agreements; and
                          (ii) to take the counternarcotics 
                        measures set forth in section 489(a)(1) 
                        of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
          (4) International counternarcotics agreement 
        defined.--In this section, the term ``international 
        counternarcotics agreement'' means--
                  (A) the United Nations Convention Against 
                Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and 
                Psychotropic Substances; or
                  (B) any bilateral or multilateral agreement 
                in force between the United States and another 
                country or countries that addresses issues 
                relating to the control of illicit drugs, such 
                as--
                          (i) the production, distribution, and 
                        interdiction of illicit drugs;
                          (ii) demand reduction;
                          (iii) the activities of criminal 
                        organizations;
                          (iv) international legal cooperation 
                        among courts, prosecutors, and law 
                        enforcement agencies (including the 
                        exchange of information and evidence);
                          (v) the extradition of nationals and 
                        individuals involved in drug-related 
                        criminal activity;
                          (vi) the temporary transfer for 
                        prosecution of nationals and 
                        individuals involved in drug-related 
                        criminal activity;
                          (vii) border security;
                          (viii) money laundering;
                          (ix) illicit firearms trafficking;
                          (x) corruption;
                          (xi) control of precursor chemicals;
                          (xii) asset forfeiture; and
                          (xiii) related training and technical 
                        assistance,
        and includes, where appropriate, timetables and 
        objective and measurable standards to assess the 
        progress made by participating countries with respect 
        to such issues.
          (5) Application.--(A) Section 490 (a) through (h) of 
        the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291j(a)-
        (h)) shall not apply during any fiscal year with 
        respect to any country identified in the report 
        required by paragraph (1) of this section.
          (B) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (5)(A) of 
        this section, the President may apply the procedures 
        set forth in section 490 (a) through (h) of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 during any fiscal year with 
        respect to any country determined to be a major drug 
        transit country or major illicit drug producing country 
        as defined in section 481(e) of the Foreign Assistance 
        Act of 1961.
          (6) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this section 
        supersedes or modifies the requirement in section 
        489(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (with 
        respect to the International Narcotics Control Strategy 
        Report) for the transmittal of a report not later than 
        March 1, each fiscal year under that section.
          (7) Transition rule.--For funds obligated or expended 
        under this section in fiscal year 2003, the date for 
        submission of the report required by paragraph (1) of 
        this section shall be at least 15 days before funds are 
        obligated or expended.
          (8) Effective date.--This section shall take effect 
        upon the date of enactment of this Act into law and 
        shall remain in effect thereafter unless Congress 
        enacts subsequent legislation repealing such section.

            DIVISION B--SECURITY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 2002 \64\

          * * * * * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \64\ For text of the Security Assistance Act of 2002, see 
Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-B. Some 
subdivision of this subdivision, relating to nonproliferation, are also 
printed in vol. II-B, in the section devoted to arms control and 
disarmament.
               g. United States-Macau Policy Act of 2000

 Title II of Public Law 106-570 [Assistance for International Malaria 
   Control Act; S. 2943], 114 Stat. 3040, approved December 27, 2000

 AN ACT To authorize assistacne for international malaria control, and 
                          for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of 
Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled,
          * * * * * * *

    TITLE II--POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES WITH RESPECT TO MACAU \1\

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``United States-Macau Policy 
Act of 2000''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 22 U.S.C. 6901 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 202. FINDINGS AND DECLARATIONS; SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    (a) Findings and Declarations.--Congress makes the 
following findings and declarations:
          (1) The continued economic prosperity of Macau 
        furthers United States interests in the People's 
        Republic of China and Asia.
          (2) Support for democratization is a fundamental 
        principle of United States foreign policy, and as such, 
        that principle naturally applies to United States 
        policy toward Macau.
          (3) The human rights of the people of Macau are of 
        great importance to the United States and are directly 
        relevant to United States interests in Macau.
          (4) A fully successful transition in the exercise of 
        sovereignty over Macau must continue to safeguard human 
        rights in and of themselves.
          (5) Human rights also serve as a basis for Macau's 
        continued economic prosperity, and Congress takes note 
        of Macau's adherence to the International Covenant on 
        Civil and Political Rights and the International 
        Convention on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) the United States should play an active role in 
        maintaining Macau's confidence and prosperity, Macau's 
        unique cultural heritage, and the mutually beneficial 
        ties between the people of the United States and the 
        people of Macau;
          (2) through its policies, the United States should 
        contribute to Macau's ability to maintain a high degree 
        of autonomy in matters other than defense and foreign 
        affairs as promised by the People's Republic of China 
        and the Republic of Portugal in the Joint Declaration, 
        particularly with respect to such matters as trade, 
        commerce, law enforcement, finance, monetary policy, 
        aviation, shipping, communications, tourism, cultural 
        affairs, sports, and participation in international 
        organizations, consistent with the national security 
        and other interests of the United States; and
          (3) the United States should actively seek to 
        establish and expand direct bilateral ties and 
        agreements with Macau in economic, trade, financial, 
        monetary, mutual legal assistance, law enforcement, 
        communication, transportation, and other appropriate 
        areas.

SEC. 203. CONTINUED APPLICATION OF UNITED STATES LAW.

    (a) Continued Application.--
          (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any change in the 
        exercise of sovereignty over Macau, and subject to 
        subsections (b) and (c), the laws of the United States 
        shall continue to apply with respect to Macau in the 
        same manner as the laws of the United States were 
        applied with respect to Macau before December 20, 1999, 
        unless otherwise expressly provided by law or by 
        Executive order issued pursuant to paragraph (2).
          (2) Exception.--Whenever the President determines 
        that Macau is not sufficiently autonomous to justify 
        treatment under a particular law of the United States, 
        or any provision thereof, different from that accorded 
        the People's Republic of China, the President may issue 
        an Executive order suspending the application of 
        paragraph (1) to such law or provision of law. The 
        President shall promptly notify the Committee on 
        International Relations of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
        concerning any such determination and shall publish the 
        Executive order in the Federal Register.
    (b) Export Controls.--
          (1) In general.--The export control laws, 
        regulations, and practices of the United States shall 
        apply to Macau in the same manner and to the same 
        extent that such laws, regulations, and practices apply 
        to the People's Republic of China, and in no case shall 
        such laws, regulations, and practices be applied less 
        restrictively to exports to Macau than to exports to 
        the People's Republic of China.
          (2) Rule of construction.--Paragraph (1) shall not be 
        construed as prohibiting the provision of export 
        control assistance to Macau.
    (c) International Agreements.--
          (1) In general.--Subject to subsection (b) and 
        paragraph (2), for all purposes, including actions in 
        any court of the United States, Congress approves of 
        the continuation in force after December 20, 1999, of 
        all treaties and other international agreements, 
        including multilateral conventions, entered into before 
        such date between the United States and Macau, or 
        entered into force before such date between the United 
        States and the Republic of Portugal and applied to 
        Macau, unless or until terminated in accordance with 
        law.
          (2) Exception.--If, in carrying out this subsection, 
        the President determines that Macau is not legally 
        competent to carry out its obligations under any such 
        treaty or other international agreement, or that the 
        continuation of Macau's obligations or rights under any 
        such treaty or other international agreement is not 
        appropriate under the circumstances, the President 
        shall take appropriate action to modify or terminate 
        such treaty or other international agreement. The 
        President shall promptly notify the Committee on 
        International Relations of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
        concerning such determination.

SEC. 204. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and not later than March 31 of each 
of the years 2001, 2002, and 2003, the Secretary of State shall 
transmit to the Committee on International Relations of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
of the Senate a report on conditions in Macau of interest to 
the United States. The report shall describe--
          (1) significant developments in United States 
        relations with Macau, including any determination made 
        under section 203;
          (2) significant developments related to the change in 
        the exercise of sovereignty over Macau affecting United 
        States interests in Macau or United States relations 
        with Macau and the People's Republic of China;
          (3) the development of democratic institutions in 
        Macau;
          (4) compliance by the Government of the People's 
        Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of 
        Portugal with their obligations under the Joint 
        Declaration; and
          (5) the nature and extent of Macau's participation in 
        multilateral forums.
    (b) Separate Part of Country Reports.--Whenever a report is 
transmitted to Congress on a country-by-country basis, there 
shall be included in such report, where applicable, a separate 
subreport on Macau under the heading of the country that 
exercises sovereignty over Macau.

SEC. 205. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
          (1) Joint declaration.--The term ``Joint 
        Declaration'' means the Joint Declaration of the 
        Government of the People's Republic of China and the 
        Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question 
        of Macau, dated April 13, 1987.
          (2) Macau.--The term ``Macau'' means the territory 
        that prior to December 20, 1999, was the Portuguese 
        Dependent Territory of Macau and after December 20, 
        1999, became the Macau Special Administrative Region of 
        the People's Republic of China.
               h. Pacific Charter Commission Act of 2000

 Title IV of Public Law 106-570 [Assistance for International Malaria 
   Control Act; S. 2943], 114 Stat. 3047, approved December 27, 2000

 AN ACT To authorize assistacne for international malaria control, and 
                          for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of 
Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled,
          * * * * * * *

          TITLE IV--PACIFIC CHARTER COMMISSION ACT OF 2000 \1\

SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Pacific Charter Commission 
Act of 2000''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 402. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this title are--
          (1) to promote a consistent and coordinated foreign 
        policy of the United States to ensure economic and 
        military security in the Asia-Pacific region;
          (2) to support democratization, the rule of law, and 
        human rights in the Asia-Pacific region;
          (3) to promote United States exports to the Asia-
        Pacific region by advancing economic cooperation;
          (4) to assist in combating terrorism and the spread 
        of illicit narcotics in the Asia-Pacific region; and
          (5) to advocate an active role for the United States 
        Government in diplomacy, security, and the furtherance 
        of good governance and the rule of law in the Asia-
        Pacific region.

SEC. 403. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION.

    (a) In General.--The President is authorized to establish a 
commission to be known as the Pacific Charter Commission 
(hereafter in this title referred to as the ``Commission'').
    (b) Expiration of Authority.--The authority to establish 
the Commission under this section shall expire at the close of 
December 31, 2002.

SEC. 404. DUTIES OF COMMISSION.

    (a) Duties.--The Commission should establish and carry out, 
either directly or through nongovernmental organizations, 
programs, projects, and activities to achieve the purposes 
described in section 402, including research and educational or 
legislative exchanges between the United States and countries 
in the Asia-Pacific region.
    (b) Monitoring of Developments.--The Commission should 
monitor developments in countries of the Asia-Pacific region 
with respect to United States foreign policy toward such 
countries, the status of democratization, the rule of law and 
human rights in the region, economic relations among the United 
States and such countries, and activities related to terrorism 
and the illicit narcotics trade.
    (c) Policy Review and Recommendations.--In carrying out 
this section, the Commission should evaluate United States 
Government policies toward countries of the Asia-Pacific region 
and recommend options for policies of the United States 
Government with respect to such countries, with a particular 
emphasis on countries that are of importance to the foreign 
policy, economic, and military interests of the United States.
    (d) Contacts With Other Entities.--In performing the 
functions described in subsections (a) through (c), the 
Commission should, as appropriate, seek out and maintain 
contacts with nongovernmental organizations, international 
organizations, and representatives of industry, including 
receiving reports and updates from such organizations and 
evaluating such reports.
    (e) Annual Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date 
of the establishment of the Commission, and not later than the 
end of each 12-month period thereafter, the Commission shall 
prepare and submit to the President and Congress a report that 
contains the findings of the Commission, in the case of the 
initial report, during the period since the date of 
establishment of the Commission, or, in the case of each 
subsequent report, during the preceding 12-month period. Each 
such report shall contain--
          (1) recommendations for legislative, executive, or 
        other actions resulting from the evaluation of policies 
        described in subsection (c);
          (2) a description of programs, projects, and 
        activities of the Commission for the prior year or, in 
        the case of the initial report, since the date of 
        establishment of the Commission; and
          (3) a complete accounting of the expenditures made by 
        the Commission during the prior year or, in the case of 
        the initial report, since the date of establishment of 
        the Commission.

SEC. 405. MEMBERSHIP OF COMMISSION.

    (a) Composition.--If established pursuant to section 403, 
the Commission shall be composed of seven members all of whom--
          (1) shall be citizens of the United States who are 
        not officers or employees of any government, except to 
        the extent they are considered such officers or 
        employees by virtue of their membership on the 
        Commission; and
          (2) shall have interest and expertise in issues 
        relating to the Asia-Pacific region.
    (b) Appointment.--
          (1) In general.--The individuals referred to in 
        subsection (a) shall be appointed--
                  (A) by the President, after consultation with 
                the Speaker and Minority Leader of the House of 
                Representatives, the Chairman and ranking 
                member of the Committee on International 
                Relations of the House of Representatives, the 
                Majority Leader and Minority Leader of the 
                Senate, and the Chairman and ranking member of 
                the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate; and
                  (B) by and with the advice and consent of the 
                Senate.
          (2) Political affiliation.--Not more than four of the 
        individuals appointed under paragraph (1) may be 
        affiliated with the same political party.
    (c) Term.--Each member of the Commission shall be appointed 
for a term of 6 years.
    (d) Vacancies.--A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled 
in the same manner in which the original appointment was made.
    (e) Chairperson; Vice Chairperson.--The President shall 
designate a Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the Commission 
from among the members of the Commission.
    (f) Compensation.--
          (1) Rates of pay.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), members of the Commission shall serve without pay.
          (2) Travel expenses.--Each member of the Commission 
        may receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu 
        of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702 and 
        5703 of title 5, United States Code.
    (g) Meetings.--The Commission shall meet at the call of the 
Chairperson.
    (h) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Commission 
shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may 
hold hearings.
    (i) Affirmative Determinations.--An affirmative vote by a 
majority of the members of the Commission shall be required for 
any affirmative determination by the Commission under section 
404.

SEC. 406. POWERS OF COMMISSION.

    (a) Hearings and Investigations.--The Commission may hold 
such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such 
testimony and receive such evidence, and conduct such 
investigations as the Commission considers advisable to carry 
out this title.
    (b) Information From Federal Agencies.--The Commission may 
secure directly from any Federal department or agency such 
information as the Commission considers necessary to carry out 
this title. Upon request of the Chairperson of the Commission, 
the head of any such department or agency shall furnish such 
information to the Commission as expeditiously as possible.
    (c) Contributions.--The Commission may accept, use, and 
dispose of gifts, bequests, or devises of services or property, 
both real and personal, for the purpose of assisting or 
facilitating the work of the Commission. Gifts, bequests, or 
devises of money and proceeds from sales of other property 
received as gifts, bequests, or devises shall be deposited in 
the Treasury and shall be available for disbursement upon order 
of the Commission.
    (d) Mails.--The Commission may use the United States mails 
in the same manner and under the same conditions as other 
departments and agencies of the United States.

SEC. 407. STAFF AND SUPPORT SERVICES OF COMMISSION.

    (a) Executive Director.--The Commission shall have an 
executive director appointed by the Commission who shall serve 
the Commission under such terms and conditions as the 
Commission determines to be appropriate.
    (b) Staff.--The Commission may appoint and fix the pay of 
such additional personnel, not to exceed 10 individuals, as it 
considers appropriate.
    (c) Staff of Federal Agencies.--Upon request of the 
chairperson of the Commission, the head of any Federal agency 
may detail, on a nonreimbursable basis, any of the personnel of 
the agency to the Commission to assist the Commission in 
carrying out its duties under this title.
    (d) Experts and Consultants.--The chairperson of the 
Commission may procure temporary and intermittent services 
under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.

SEC. 408. TERMINATION.

    The Commission shall terminate not later than 6 years after 
the date of the establishment of the Commission.

SEC. 409. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--In the event the Commission is 
established, there are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this title $2,500,000 for the initial 24-month period of 
the existence of the Commission.
    (b) Availability.--Amounts appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations under subsection (a) are 
authorized to remain available until expended.

SEC. 410. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This title shall take effect on February 1, 2001.
      i. Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations 
             Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001

Partial text of Public Law 106-113 [H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in 
   sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113], 113 Stat. 1536, approved 
November 29, 1999; as amended by Public Law 107-228 [Foreign Relations 
   Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003; H.R. 1646], 116 Stat. 1350, 
                      approved September 30, 2002

  A BILL To authorize appropriations for the Department of State for 
fiscal years 2000 and 2001; to provide for enhanced security at United 
  States diplomatic facilities; to provide for certain arms control, 
nonproliferation, and other national security measures; to provide for 
         reform of the United Nations, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1.\1\ SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Admiral James W. Nance and 
Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
2000 and 2001''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 22 U.S.C. 2651 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Act.--This Act is organized into two divisions as 
follows:
          (1) Division a.--Department of State Provisions.
          (2) Division b.--Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and 
        Security Assistance Provisions.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

                                                                    Page

Sec. 1. Short title...............................................   221
Sec. 2. Organization of act into divisions; table of contents.....   221
Sec. 3. Definitions...............................................   226

               DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF STATE PROVISIONS

                TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Department of State

Sec. 101. Administration of foreign affairs.......................   227
Sec. 102. International commissions...............................   231
Sec. 103. Migration and refugee assistance........................   232
Sec. 104. United States informational, educational, and cultural 
    programs......................................................   234
Sec. 105. Grants to the Asia Foundation...........................   237
Sec. 106. Contributions to international organizations............   237
Sec. 107. Contributions for international peacekeeping activities.   239
Sec. 108. Voluntary contributions to international organizations..   240

     Subtitle B--United States International Broadcasting Activities

Sec. 121. Authorizations of appropriations........................   243

        TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

              Subtitle A--Basic Authorities and Activities

Sec. 201. Office of Children's Issues.............................   244
Sec. 202. Strengthening implementation of the Hague Convention on 
    the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 203. Report concerning attack in Cambodia....................   245
Sec. 204. International expositions...............................   245
Sec. 205. Responsibility of the AID Inspector General for the 
    Inter-American Foundation and the African Development 
    Foundation [amends other legislation]
Sec. 206. Report on Cuban drug trafficking........................   247
Sec. 207. Revision of reporting requirement.......................   247
Sec. 208. Foreign language proficiency [amends other legislation]
Sec. 209. Continuation of reporting requirements..................   247
Sec. 210. Joint funds under agreements for cooperation in 
    environmental, scientific, cultural and related areas.........   249
Sec. 211. Report on international extradition.....................   249

                    Subtitle B--Consular Authorities

Sec. 231. Machine readable visas [amends other legislation]
Sec. 232. Fees relating to affidavits of support..................   250
Sec. 233. Passport fees [amends other legislation]
Sec. 234. Deaths and estates of United States citizens abroad 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 235. Duties of consular officers regarding major disasters 
    and incidents abroad affecting United States citizens [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 236. Issuance of passports for children under age 14.........   251
Sec. 237. Processing of visa applications.........................   251
Sec. 238. Feasibility study on further passport restrictions on 
    individuals in arrears on child support.......................   252

                          Subtitle C--Refugees

Sec. 251. United States policy regarding the involuntary return of 
    refugees......................................................   253
Sec. 252. Human rights reports [amends other legislation]
Sec. 253. Guidelines for refugee processing posts [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 254. Gender-related persecution task force...................   253
Sec. 255. Eligibility for refugee status..........................   253

    TITLE III--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                    Subtitle A--Organization Matters

Sec. 301. Legislative liaison offices of the Department of State..   254
Sec. 302. State Department official for Northeastern Europe.......   255
Sec. 303. Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State   255
Sec. 304. Application of certain laws to public diplomacy funds 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 305. Reform of the diplomatic telecommunications service 
    office........................................................   256

            Subtitle B--Personnel of the Department of State

Sec. 321. Award of Foreign Service star [amends other legislation]
Sec. 322. United States citizens hired abroad [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 323. Limitation on percentage of Senior Foreign Service 
    eligible for performance pay [amends other legislation]
Sec. 325. Report on management training...........................   257
Sec. 326. Workforce planning for Foreign Service personnel by 
    Federal agencies [amends other legislation]
Sec. 327. Records of disciplinary actions [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 328. Limitation on salary and benefits for members of the 
    Foreign Service recommended for separation for cause [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 329. Treatment of grievance records [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 330. Deadlines for filing grievances [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 331. Reports by the Foreign Service Grievance Board [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 332. Extension of use of Foreign Service personnel system 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 333. Border equalization pay adjustment [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 334. Treatment of certain persons reemployed after service 
    with international organizations [amends other legislation]
Sec. 335. Transfer allowance for families of deceased Foreign 
    Service personnel [amends other legislation]
Sec. 336. Parental choice in education [amends other legislation]
Sec. 337. Medical emergency assistance [amends other legislation]
Sec. 338. Report concerning financial disadvantages for 
    administrative and technical personnel [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 339. State Department Inspector General and personnel 
    investigations................................................   258
Sec. 340. Study of compensation for survivors of terrorist attacks 
    overseas......................................................   259
Sec. 341. Preservation of diversity in reorganization [amends 
    other legislation]

    TITLE IV--UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL 
                        PROGRAMS [see page 1462]

                 Subtitle A--Authorities and Activities

Sec. 401. Educational and cultural exchanges and scholarships for 
    Tibetans and Burmese
Sec. 402. Conduct of certain educational and cultural exchange 
    programs
Sec. 403. National security measures
Sec. 404. Sunset of United States Advisory Commission on Public 
    Diplomacy
Sec. 405. Royal Ulster Constabulary training

     Subtitle B--Russian and Ukrainian Business Management Education

Sec. 421. Purpose
Sec. 422. Definitions
Sec. 423. Authorization for training program and internships
Sec. 424. Applications for technical assistance
Sec. 425. Restrictions not applicable
Sec. 426. Authorization of appropriations.

 TITLE V--UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACTIVITIES [see page 
                                  1704]

Sec. 501. Reauthorization of Radio Free Asia
Sec. 502. Nomination requirements for the Chairman of the 
    Broadcasting Board of Governors
Sec. 503. Preservation of RFE/RL (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty)
Sec. 504. Immunity from civil liability for Broadcasting Board of 
    Governors

TITLE VI--EMBASSY SECURITY AND COUNTERTERRORISM MEASURES [see page 1151]

Sec. 601. Short title
Sec. 602. Findings
Sec. 603. United States diplomatic facility defined
Sec. 604. Authorizations of appropriations
Sec. 605. Obligations and expenditures
Sec. 606. Security requirements for United States diplomatic 
    facilities
Sec. 607. Report on overseas presence
Sec. 608. Accountability review boards
Sec. 609. Increased anti-terrorism training in Africa

         TITLE VII--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMISSIONS

  Subtitle A--International Organizations Other than the United Nations

Sec. 701. Conforming amendments to reflect redesignation of 
    certain interparliamentary groups.............................   260
Sec. 702. Authority of the International Boundary and Water 
    Commission to assist State and local governments..............   260
Sec. 703. International Boundary and Water Commission.............   261
Sec. 704. Semiannual reports on United States support for 
    membership or participation of Taiwan in international 
    organizations.................................................   261
Sec. 705. Restriction relating to United States accession to the 
    International Criminal Court..................................   261
Sec. 706. Prohibition on extradition or transfer of United States 
    citizens to the International Criminal Court..................   262
Sec. 707. Requirement for reports regarding foreign travel [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 708. United States representation at the International Atomic 
    Energy Agency [amends other legislation]

                  Subtitle B--United Nations Activities

Sec. 721. United Nations policy on Israel and the Palestinians....   263
Sec. 722. Data on costs incurred in support of United Nations 
    peacekeeping operations [amends other legislation]
Sec. 723. Reimbursement for goods and services provided by the 
    United States to the United Nations [amends other legislation]
Sec. 724. Codification of required notice of proposed United 
    Nations peacekeeping operations [amends other legislation]

                  TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 801. Denial of entry into United States of foreign nationals 
    engaged in establishment or enforcement of forced abortion or 
    sterilization policy..........................................   264
Sec. 802. Technical corrections...................................   264
Sec. 803. Reports with respect to a referendum on Western Sahara..   264
Sec. 804. Reporting requirements under PLO Commitments Compliance 
    Act of 1989 [amends other legislation]
Sec. 805. Report on terrorist activity in which United States 
    citizens were killed and related matters......................   265
Sec. 806. Annual reporting on war crimes, crimes against humanity, 
    and genocide [amends other legislation]

                Subtitle B--North Korea Threat Reduction

Sec. 821. Short title.............................................   267
Sec. 822. Restrictions on nuclear cooperation with North Korea....   267
Sec. 823. Definitions.............................................   268

                 Subtitle C--People's Republic of China

Sec. 871. Findings................................................   268
Sec. 872. Funding for additional personnel at diplomatic posts to 
    report on political, economic, and human rights matters in the 
    People's Republic of China....................................   269
Sec. 873. Prisoner information registry for the People's Republic 
    of China......................................................   270

          TITLE IX--ARREARS PAYMENTS AND REFORM [see vol. II-B]

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

lSec. 901. Short title............................................   270
Sec. 902. Definitions

              Subtitle B--Arrearages to the United Nations

 Chapter 1--Authorization of Appropriations; Obligation and Expenditure 
                                of Funds

Sec. 911. Authorization of appropriations
Sec. 912. Obligation and expenditure of funds
Sec. 913. Forgiveness of amounts owed by the United Nations to the 
    United States

                  Chapter 2--United States Sovereignty

Sec. 921. Certification requirements

    Chapter 3--Reform of Assessments and United Nations Peacekeeping 
                               Operations

Sec. 931. Certification requirements

                 Chapter 4--Budget and Personnel Reform

Sec. 941. Certification requirements

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 951. Statutory construction on relation to existing laws
Sec. 952. Prohibition on payments relating to UNIDO and other 
    international organizations from which the United States has 
    withdrawn or rescinded funding

  DIVISION B--ARMS CONTROL, NONPROLIFERATION, AND SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
                       PROVISIONS [see vol. II-B]

Sec. 1001. Short title............................................   270

               TITLE XI--ARMS CONTROL AND NONPROLIFERATION

Sec. 1101. Short title
Sec. 1102. Definitions

                        Subtitle A--Arms Control

   Chapter 1--Effective Verification of Compliance With Arms Control 
                               Agreements

Sec. 1111. Key Verification Assets Fund
Sec. 1112. Assistant Secretary of State for Verification and 
    Compliance
Sec. 1113. Enhanced annual (``Pell'') report
Sec. 1114. Report on START and START II Treaties monitoring issues
Sec. 1115. Standards for verification
Sec. 1116. Contribution to the advancement of seismology
Sec. 1117. Protection of United States companies
Sec. 1118. Requirement for transmittal of summaries

 Chapter 2--Matters Relating to the Control of Biological Weapons [see 
                               vol. II-B]

Sec. 1121. Short title
Sec. 1122. Definitions
Sec. 1123. Findings
Sec. 1124. Trial investigations and trial visits

    Subtitle B--Nuclear Nonproliferation, Safety, and Related Matters

Sec. 1131. Congressional notification of nonproliferation 
    activities
Sec. 1132. Effective use of resources for nonproliferation 
    programs
Sec. 1133. Disposition of weapons-grade material
Sec. 1134. Provision of certain information to Congress
Sec. 1135. Amended nuclear export reporting requirement
Sec. 1136. Adherence to the Missile Technology Control Regime
Sec. 1137. Authority relating to MTCR adherents
Sec. 1138. Transfer of funding for science and technology centers 
    in the former Soviet Union
Sec. 1139. Research and exchange activities by science and 
    technology centers

              TITLE XII--SECURITY ASSISTANCE [see vol. I-A]

Sec. 1201. Short title

            Subtitle A--Transfers of Excess Defense Articles

Sec. 1211. Excess defense articles for Central and Southern 
    European countries
Sec. 1212. Excess defense articles for certain other countries
Sec. 1213. Increase in annual limitation on transfer of excess 
    defense articles

             Subtitle B--Foreign Military Sales Authorities

Sec. 1221. Termination of foreign military training
Sec. 1222. Sales of excess Coast Guard property
Sec. 1223. Competitive pricing for sales of defense articles
Sec. 1224. Notification of upgrades to direct commercial sales
Sec. 1225. Unauthorized use of defense articles

    Subtitle C--Stockpiling of Defense Articles for Foreign Countries

Sec. 1231. Additions to United States war reserve stockpiles for 
    allies
Sec. 1232. Transfer of certain obsolete or surplus defense 
    articles in the war reserves stockpile for allies

          Subtitle D--Defense Offsets Disclosure [see vol. I-A]

Sec. 1241. Short title
Sec. 1242. Findings and declaration of policy
Sec. 1243. Definitions
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress
Sec. 1245. Reporting of offset agreements
Sec. 1246. Expanded prohibition on incentive payments
Sec. 1247. Establishment of review commission
Sec. 1248. Multilateral strategy to address offsets

Subtitle E--Automated Export System Relating to Export Information [see 
                               vol. II-B]

Sec. 1251. Short title
Sec. 1252. Mandatory use of the Automated Export System for filing 
    certain Shippers' Export Declarations
Sec. 1253. Voluntary use of the Automated Export System
Sec. 1254. Report to appropriate committees of Congress
Sec. 1255. Acceleration of Department of State licensing 
    procedures
Sec. 1256. Definitions

 Subtitle F--International Arms Sales Code of Conduct Act of 1999 [see 
                                vol. I-A]

Sec. 1261. Short title
Sec. 1262. International arms sales code of conduct

   Subtitle G--Transfer of Naval Vessels to Certain Foreign Countries

Sec. 1271. Authority to transfer naval vessels

                  TITLE XIII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 1301. Publication of arms sales certifications
Sec. 1302. Notification requirements for commercial export of 
    items on United States Munitions List
Sec. 1303. Enforcement of Arms Export Control Act
Sec. 1304. Violations relating to material support to terrorists
Sec. 1305. Authority to consent to third party transfer of ex-
    U.S.S. Bowman County to USS 1st Ship Memorial, Inc.
Sec. 1306. Annual military assistance report
Sec. 1307. Annual foreign military training report
Sec. 1308. Security assistance for the Philippines
Sec. 1309. Effective regulation of satellite export activities
Sec. 1310. Study on licensing process under the Arms Export 
    Control Act
Sec. 1311. Report concerning proliferation of small arms
Sec. 1312. Conforming amendment

SEC. 3.\2\ DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ 22 U.S.C. 2651 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--Except as 
        otherwise provided in section 902(1), the term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
        Committee on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        of the Senate.
          (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the 
        Secretary of State.

               DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF STATE PROVISIONS

               TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

                    Subtitle A--Department of State

SEC. 101. ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for 
the Department of State under ``Administration of Foreign 
Affairs'' to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
United States and for other purposes authorized by law, 
including public diplomacy activities and the diplomatic 
security program:
          (1) \3\ Diplomatic and consular programs.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
38), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``diplomatic and consular programs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Department of State and the Foreign 
Service not otherwise provided for, including expenses authorized by 
the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, as amended, the 
Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, as amended, and 
the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as 
amended, including employment, without regard to civil service and 
classification laws, of persons on a temporary basis (not to exceed 
$700,000 of this appropriation), as authorized by section 801 of such 
Act; expenses authorized by section 9 of the Act of August 31, 1964, as 
amended; representation to certain international organizations in which 
the United States participates pursuant to treaties, ratified pursuant 
to the advice and consent of the Senate, or specific Acts of Congress; 
arms control, nonproliferation and disarmanent activities as authorized 
by the Arms Control and Disarmament Act of September 26, 1961, as 
amended; acquisition by exchange or purchase of passenger motor 
vehicles as authorized by law; and for expenses of general 
administration, $2,569,825,000: Provided, That, of the amount made 
available under this heading, not to exceed $4,000,000 may be 
transferred to, and merged with, funds in the ``Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service'' appropriations account, to be 
available only for emergency evacuations and terrorism rewards: 
Provided further, That, of the amount made available under this 
heading, not to exceed $4,500,000 may be transferred to, and merged 
with, funds in the ``International Broadcasting Operations'' 
appropriations account only to avoid reductions in force at the Voice 
of America, subject to the reprogramming procedures described in 
section 605 of this Act: Provided further, That, in fiscal year 2000, 
all receipts collected from individuals for assistance in the 
preparation and filing of an affidavit of support pursuant to section 
213A of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall be deposited into 
this account as an offsetting collection and shall remain available 
until expended: Provided further, That of the amount made available 
under this heading, $236,291,000 shall be available only for public 
diplomacy international information programs: Provided further, That of 
the amount made available under this heading, $500,000 shall be 
available only for the National Law Center for Inter-American Free 
Trade: Provided further, That of the amount made available under this 
heading, $2,500,000 shall be available only for overseas continuing 
language education: Provided further, That of the amount made available 
under this heading, not to exceed $1,162,000 shall be available for 
transfer to the Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in 
the United States: Provided further, That any amount transferred 
pursuant to the previous proviso shall not result in a total amount 
transferred to the Commission from all Federal sources that exceeds the 
authorized amount: Provided further, That notwithstanding section 
140(a)(5), and the second sentence of section 140(a)(3), of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995, fees may be 
collected during fiscal years 2000 and 2001, under the authority of 
section 140(a)(1) of that Act: Provided further, That all fees 
collected under the preceding proviso shall be deposited in fiscal 
years 2000 and 2001 as an offsetting collection to appropriations made 
under this heading to recover costs as set forth under section 
140(a)(2) of that Act and shall remain available until expended: 
Provided further, That of the amount made available under this heading, 
$10,000,000 is appropriated for a Northern Boundary and Transboundary 
Rivers Restoration Fund: Provided further, That of the amount made 
available under this heading, not less than $9,000,000 shall be 
available for the Office of Defense Trade Controls.
    ``In addition, not to exceed $1,252,000 shall be derived from fees 
collected from other executive agencies for lease or use of facilities 
located at the International Center in accordance with section 4 of the 
International Center Act, as amended; in addition, as authorized by 
section 5 of such Act, $490,000, to be derived from the reserve 
authorized by that section, to be used for the purposes set out in that 
section; in addition, as authorized by section 810 of the United States 
Information and Educational Exchange Act, not to exceed $6,000,000, to 
remain available until expended, may be credited to this appropriation 
from fees or other payments received from English teaching, library, 
motion pictures, and publication programs, and from fees from 
educational advising and counseling, and exchange visitor programs; 
and, in addition, not to exceed $15,000, which shall be derived from 
reimbursements, surcharges, and fees for use of Blair House facilities 
in accordance with section 46 of the State Department Basic Authorities 
Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2718(a)).
    ``In addition, for the costs of worldwide security upgrades, 
$254,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-90), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``diplomatic and consular programs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Department of State and the Foreign 
Service not otherwise provided for, including employment, without 
regard to civil service and classification laws, of persons on a 
temporary basis (not to exceed $700,000 of this appropriation), as 
authorized; representation to certain international organizations in 
which the United States participates pursuant to treaties, ratified 
pursuant to the advice and consent of the Senate, or specific Acts of 
Congress; arms control, nonproliferation and disarmament activities as 
authorized; acquisition by exchange or purchase of passenger motor 
vehicles as authorized by law; and for expenses of general 
administration, $2,758,725,000: Provided, That, of the amount made 
available under this heading, not to exceed $4,000,000 may be 
transferred to, and merged with, funds in the ``Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service'' appropriations account, to be 
available only for emergency evacuations and terrorism rewards: 
Provided further, That, in fiscal year 2001, all receipts collected 
from individuals for assistance in the preparation and filing of an 
affidavit of support pursuant to section 213A of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act shall be deposited into this account as an offsetting 
collection and shall remain available until expended: Provided further, 
That, of the amount made available under this heading, $246,644,000 
shall be available only for public diplomacy international information 
programs: Provided further, That of the amount made available under 
this heading, $5,000,000 shall be available only for overseas 
continuing language education: Provided further, That of the amount 
made available under this heading, not to exceed $1,400,000 shall be 
available for transfer to the Presidential Advisory Commission on 
Holocaust Assets in the United States: Provided further, That 
notwithstanding section 140(a)(5), and the second sentence of section 
140(a)(3), of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1994 and 1995, fees may be collected during fiscal years 2001 and 2002, 
under the authority of section 140(a)(1) of that Act: Provided further, 
That all fees collected under the preceding proviso shall be deposited 
in fiscal years 2001 and 2002 as an offsetting collection to 
appropriations made under this heading to recover costs as set forth 
under section 140(a)(2) of that Act and shall remain available until 
expended: Provided further, That advances for services authorized by 22 
U.S.C. 3620(c) may be credited to this account, to remain available 
until expended for such services: Provided further, That in fiscal year 
2001 and thereafter reimbursements for services provided to the press 
in connection with the travel of senior-level officials may be 
collected and credited to this appropriation and shall remain available 
until expended: Provided further, That no funds may be obligated or 
expended for processing licenses for the export of satellites of United 
States origin (including commercial satellites and satellite 
components) to the People's Republic of China, unless, at least 15 days 
in advance, the Committees on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate are notified of such proposed action: 
Provided further, That of the amount made available under this heading, 
$40,000,000 shall only be available to implement the 1999 Pacific 
Salmon Treaty Agreement, of which $10,000,000 shall be deposited in the 
Northern Boundary and Transboundary Rivers Restoration and Enhancement 
Fund, of which $10,000,000 shall be deposited in the Southern Boundary 
Restoration and Enhancement Fund, and of which $20,000,000 shall be for 
a direct payment to the State of Washington for obligations under the 
1999 Pacific Salmon Treaty Agreement.
    ``In addition, not to exceed $1,252,000 shall be derived from fees 
collected from other executive agencies for lease or use of facilities 
located at the International Center in accordance with section 4 of the 
International Center Act, as amended; in addition, as authorized by 
section 5 of such Act, $490,000, to be derived from the reserve 
authorized by that section, to be used for the purposes set out in that 
section; in addition, as authorized by section 810 of the United States 
Information and Educational Exchange Act, not to exceed $6,000,000, to 
remain available until expended, may be credited to this appropriation 
from fees or other payments received from English teaching, library, 
motion pictures, and publication programs, and from fees from 
educational advising and counseling, and exchange visitor programs; 
and, in addition, not to exceed $15,000, which shall be derived from 
reimbursements, surcharges, and fees for use of Blair House facilities.
    ``In addition, for the costs of worldwide security upgrades, 
$410,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) Authorization of appropriations.--For 
                ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' of the 
                Department of State, $2,837,772,000 for the 
                fiscal year 2000 and $3,263,438,000 for the 
                fiscal year 2001.
                  (B) Limitations.--
                          (i) Worldwide security upgrades.--Of 
                        the amounts authorized to be 
                        appropriated by subparagraph (A), 
                        $254,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 
                        and $315,000,000 for the fiscal year 
                        2001 is authorized to be appropriated 
                        only for worldwide security upgrades.
                          (ii) Bureau of democracy, human 
                        rights, and labor.--Of the amounts 
                        authorized to be appropriated by 
                        subparagraph (A), $12,000,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2000 and $12,000,000 for 
                        the fiscal year 2001 is authorized to 
                        be appropriated only for salaries and 
                        expenses of the Bureau of Democracy, 
                        Human Rights, and Labor.
                          (iii) Recruitment of minority 
                        groups.--Of the amounts authorized to 
                        be appropriated by subparagraph (A), 
                        $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                        $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 is 
                        authorized to be appropriated only for 
                        the recruitment of members of minority 
                        groups for careers in the Foreign 
                        Service and international affairs.
          (2) \4\ Capital investment fund.--For ``Capital 
        Investment Fund'' of the Department of State, 
        $90,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and $150,000,000 
        for the fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
39), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``capital investment fund
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Capital Investment Fund, 
$80,000,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized in 
Public Law 103-236: Provided, That section 135(e) of Public Law 103-236 
shall not apply to funds available under this heading.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-91), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``capital investment fund
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Capital Investment Fund, 
$97,000,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized: 
Provided, That section 135(e) of Public Law 103-236 shall not apply to 
funds available under this heading.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3) Embassy security, construction and maintenance.--
        For ``Embassy Security, Construction and Maintenance'', 
        $434,066,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and $445,000,000 
        for the fiscal year 2001.
          (4) \5\ Representation allowances.--For 
        ``Representation Allowances'', $5,850,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2000 and $5,850,000 for the fiscal year 
        2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by reference in sec. 
1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-40), provided 
$5,850,000 for ``Representation Allowances'' for fiscal year 2000.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-91), provided 
$6,499,000 for ``Representation Allowances''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (5) \6\ Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular 
        service.--For ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and 
        Consular Service'', $17,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        2000 and $17,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
40), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses necessary to enable the Secretary of State to meet 
unforeseen emergencies arising in the Diplomatic and Consular Service 
pursuant to the requirement of 31 U.S.C. 3526(e), and as authorized by 
section 804(3) of the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948, as amended, $5,500,000, to remain available until 
expended as authorized by section 24(c) of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2696(c)), of which not to exceed 
$1,000,000 may be transferred to and merged with the Repatriation Loans 
Program Account, subject to the same terms and conditions.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-91), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses necessary to enable the Secretary of State to meet 
unforeseen emergencies arising in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, 
$5,477,000, to remain available until expended as authorized, of which 
not to exceed $1,000,000 may be transferred to and merged with the 
Repatriation Loans Program Account, subject to the same terms and 
conditions.''.
    See also the paragraphs providing for diplomatic and consular 
programs, footnote 3, and the paragraph providing for the repatriation 
loans program account, footnote 10.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (6) \7\ Office of the inspector general.--For 
        ``Office of the Inspector General'', $30,054,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2000 and $30,054,000 for the fiscal 
        year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
39), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``office of inspector general
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General in 
carrying out the provisions of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as 
amended (5 U.S.C. App. 1-11, as amended by Public Law 100-504), 
$20,000,000.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-91), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``office of inspector general
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General, 
$28,490,000, notwithstanding section 209(a)(1) of the Foreign Service 
Act of 1980, as amended (Public Law 96-465), as it relates to post 
inspections.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (7) \8\ Payment to the american institute in 
        taiwan.--For ``Payment to the American Institute in 
        Taiwan'', $15,760,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and 
        $15,918,000 for the fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
41), provided $15,375,000 for ``Payment to the American Institute in 
Taiwan''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-92), provided 
$16,345,000 for ``Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (8) \9\ Protection of foreign missions and 
        officials.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by reference in sec. 
1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-40), provided 
$8,100,000 for ``Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials'' for 
fiscal year 2000.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-91), provided 
$15,467,000 for ``Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials'', of 
which $5,000,000 was designated for reimbursement to the City of 
Seattle, Washington.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) Amounts authorized to be appropriated.--
                For ``Protection of Foreign Missions and 
                Officials'', $9,490,000 for the fiscal year 
                2000 and $9,490,000 for the fiscal year 2001.
                  (B) Availability of funds.--Each amount 
                appropriated pursuant to this paragraph is 
                authorized to remain available through 
                September 30 of the fiscal year following the 
                fiscal year for which the amount was 
                appropriated.
          (9) \10\ Repatriation loans.--For ``Repatriation 
        Loans'', $1,200,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and 
        $1,200,000 for the fiscal year 2001, for administrative 
        expenses.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
41), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``repatriation loans program account
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For the cost of direct loans, $593,000, as authorized by section 
4 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 
2671): Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such 
loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget 
Act of 1974. In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to 
carry out the direct loan program, $607,000, which may be transferred 
to and merged with the Diplomatic and Consular Programs account under 
Administration of Foreign Affairs.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-92), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``repatriation loans program account
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For the cost of direct loans, $591,000, as authorized: Provided, 
That such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be 
as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. In 
addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out the direct 
loan program, $604,000, which may be transferred to and merged with the 
Diplomatic and Consular Programs account under Administration of 
Foreign Affairs.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 102. INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated 
under ``International Commissions'' for the Department of State 
to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
United States and for other purposes authorized by law:
          (1) International boundary and water commission, 
        united states and mexico.--For ``International Boundary 
        and Water Commission, United States and Mexico''--
                  (A) \11\ for ``Salaries and Expenses'', 
                $20,413,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and 
                $20,413,000 for the fiscal year 2001; and
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \11\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by reference in sec. 
1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-42), provided 
$19,551,000 for ``Salaries and Expenses'' related to the International 
Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico, for fiscal 
year 2000.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-94), provided 
$7,142,000 for ``Salaries and Expenses'' related to the International 
Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (B) \12\ for ``Construction'', $8,435,000 for 
                the fiscal year 2000 and $8,435,000 for the 
                fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \12\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
43), provided $5,939,000 for ``Construction'' related to the 
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico, 
to remain available until expended.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-94), provided 
$22,950,000 for ``Construction'' related to the International Boundary 
and Water Commission, United States and Mexico, to remain available 
until expended.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \13\ International boundary commission, united 
        states and canada.--For ``International Boundary 
        Commission, United States and Canada'', $859,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2000 and $859,000 for the fiscal year 
        2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \13\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
43), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``american sections, international commissions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for the 
International Joint Commission and the International Boundary 
Commission, United States and Canada, as authorized by treaties between 
the United States and Canada or Great Britain, and for the Border 
Environment Cooperation Commission as authorized by Public Law 103-182, 
$5,733,000, of which not to exceed $9,000 shall be available for 
representation expenses incurred by the International Joint 
Commission.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-94), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``american sections, international commissions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for the 
International Joint Commission and the International Boundary 
Commission, United States and Canada, as authorized by treaties between 
the United States and Canada or Great Britain, and for the Border 
Environment Cooperation Commission as authorized by Public Law 103-182, 
$6,741,000, of which not to exceed $9,000 shall be available for 
representation expenses incurred by the International Joint 
Commission.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3) \13\ International joint commission.--For 
        ``International Joint Commission'', $3,819,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2000 and $3,819,000 for the fiscal year 
        2001.
          (4) \14\ International fisheries commissions.--For 
        ``International Fisheries Commissions'', $16,702,000 
        for the fiscal year 2000 and $16,702,000 for the fiscal 
        year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \14\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by reference in sec. 
1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-43), provided 
$15,549,000 for ``International Fisheries Commissions'' for fiscal year 
2000.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-94), provided 
$19,392,000 for ``International Fisheries Commissions''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 103.\15\ MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Migration and Refugee Assistance.--
          (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated for ``Migration and 
        Refugee Assistance'' for authorized activities, 
        $750,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and $750,000,000 
        for the fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \15\ Appropriations for Migration and Refugee Assistance are 
administered by the State Department and provided for in the annual 
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act.
    Fiscal year 2000 appropriations levels and conditions were provided 
in title II of H.R. 3422, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(2) of 
Public Law 106-113 (113 Stat. 1501A-74):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``migration and refugee assistance
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable the 
Secretary of State to provide, as authorized by law, a contribution to 
the International Committee of the Red Cross, assistance to refugees, 
including contributions to the International Organization for Migration 
and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and other 
activities to meet refugee and migration needs; salaries and expenses 
of personnel and dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 
1980; allowances as authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of title 
5, United States Code; purchase and hire of passenger motor vehicles; 
and services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States 
Code, $625,000,000, of which $21,000,000 shall become available for 
obligation on September 30, 2000, and remain available until expended: 
Provided, That not more than $13,800,000 shall be available for 
administrative expenses: Provided further, That not less than 
$60,000,000 shall be made available for refugees from the former Soviet 
Union and Eastern Europe and other refugees resettling in Israel.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``united states emergency refugee and migration assistance fund
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
2(c) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as amended 
(22 U.S.C. 260(c)), $12,500,000, to remain available until expended: 
Provided, That the funds made available under this heading are 
appropriated notwithstanding the provisions contained in section 
2(c)(2) of the Act which would limit the amount of funds which could be 
appropriated for this purpose.''.
    Fiscal year 2001 appropriations levels and conditions were provided 
in title II of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related 
Programs Appropriations Act, 2001 (H.R. 5526, enacted by reference in 
sec. 101(a) of Public Law 106-429; 114 Stat. 1900A-15):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``migration and refugee assistance
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable the 
Secretary of State to provide, as authorized by law, a contribution to 
the International Committee of the Red Cross, assistance to refugees, 
including contributions to the International Organization for Migration 
and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and other 
activities to meet refugee and migration needs; salaries and expenses 
of personnel and dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 
1980; allowances as authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of title 
5, United States Code; purchase and hire of passenger motor vehicles; 
and services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States 
Code, $700,000,000, which shall remain available until expended: 
Provided, That not more than $14,500,000 shall be available for 
administrative expenses: Provided further, That funds appropriated 
under this heading to support activities and programs conducted by the 
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees shall be made available 
after reporting at least 5 days in advance to the Committees on 
Appropriations: Provided further, That the reporting requirement 
contained in the previous proviso may be waived for any such obligation 
if failure to waive this requirement would pose a substantial risk to 
human health or welfare: Provided further, That in case of any such 
waiver, a report to the Committees on Appropriations shall be provided 
as early as practicable, but in no event later than 5 days after such 
obligation: Provided further, That not less than $60,000,000 of the 
funds made available under this heading shall be made available for 
refugees from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe and other 
refugees resettling in Israel.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``united states emergency refugee and migration assistance fund
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 
2(c) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as amended 
(22 U.S.C. 260(c)), $15,000,000, to remain available until expended: 
Provided, That the funds made available under this heading are 
appropriated notwithstanding the provisions contained in section 
2(c)(2) of the Act which would limit the amount of funds which could be 
appropriated for this purpose.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) Limitations.--
                  (A) Tibetan refugees in india and nepal.--Of 
                the amounts authorized to be appropriated in 
                paragraph (1), $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 
                2000 and $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001 is 
                authorized to be available for humanitarian 
                assistance, including food, medicine, clothing, 
                and medical and vocational training, to Tibetan 
                refugees in India and Nepal who have fled 
                Chinese-occupied Tibet.
                  (B) Refugees resettling in israel.--Of the 
                amounts authorized to be appropriated in 
                paragraph (1), $60,000,000 for the fiscal year 
                2000 and $60,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001 
                is authorized to be available only for 
                assistance for refugees resettling in Israel 
                from other countries.
                  (C) Humanitarian assistance for displaced 
                burmese.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated in paragraph (1), $2,000,000 for 
                the fiscal year 2000 and $2,000,000 for the 
                fiscal year 2001 are authorized to be available 
                for humanitarian assistance (including food, 
                medicine, clothing, and medical and vocational 
                training) to persons displaced as a result of 
                civil conflict in Burma, including persons 
                still within Burma.
                  (D) Assistance for displaced sierra 
                leoneans.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated in paragraph (1), $2,000,000 for 
                the fiscal year 2000 and $2,000,000 for the 
                fiscal year 2001 are authorized to be available 
                for humanitarian assistance (including food, 
                medicine, clothing, and medical and vocational 
                training) and resettlement of persons who have 
                been severely mutilated as a result of civil 
                conflict in Sierra Leone, including persons 
                still within Sierra Leone.
          (E) International rape counseling program.--Of the 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated in paragraph (1), 
        $1,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and $1,000,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2001 are authorized to be appropriated 
        for a program of counseling for female victims of rape 
        and gender violence in times of conflict and war.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to 
this section are authorized to remain available until expended.

SEC. 104. UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL 
                    PROGRAMS.

    (a) \16\ In General.--The following amounts are authorized 
to be appropriated for the Department of State to carry out 
international information activities and educational and 
cultural exchange programs under the United States Information 
and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, the Mutual Educational 
and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, Reorganization Plan Number 2 
of 1977, the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Act of 1991, 
and the National Endowment for Democracy Act, other such 
programs including the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship 
Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation and the Mike 
Mansfield Fellowship Program, and to carry out other 
authorities in law consistent with such purposes:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \16\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by reference in sec. 
1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-39), provided the 
following for fiscal year 2000:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``educational and cultural exchange programs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses of educational and cultural exchange programs, as 
authorized by the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, 
as amended (22 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.), and Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 
1977, as amended (91 Stat. 1636), $205,000,000, to remain available 
until expended as authorized by section 105 of such Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2455): Provided, That not to exceed $800,000, to remain 
available until expended, may be credited to this appropriation from 
fees or other payments received from or in connection with English 
teaching and educational advising and counseling programs as authorized 
by section 810 of the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1475e).''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-91), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``educational and cultural exchange programs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses of educational and cultural exchange programs, as 
authorized, $231,587,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, 
That not to exceed $800,000, to remain available until expended, may be 
credited to this appropriation from fees or other payments received 
from or in connection with English teaching and educational advising 
and counseling programs as authorized.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Educational and cultural exchange programs.--
                  (A) Fulbright academic exchange programs.--
                For the ``Fulbright Academic Exchange 
                Programs'' (other than programs described in 
                subparagraph (B)), $112,000,000 for the fiscal 
                year 2000 and $120,000,000 for the fiscal year 
                2001.
                  (B) Other educational and cultural exchange 
                programs.--
                          (i) In general.--For other 
                        educational and cultural exchange 
                        programs authorized by law, including 
                        the Claude and Mildred Pepper 
                        Scholarship Program of the Washington 
                        Workshops Foundation and Mike Mansfield 
                        Fellowship Program, $98,329,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2000 and $105,000,000 for 
                        the fiscal year 2001.
                          (ii) South pacific exchanges.--Of the 
                        amounts authorized to be appropriated 
                        under clause (i), $750,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2000 and $750,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2001 is authorized to be 
                        available for ``South Pacific 
                        Exchanges''.
                          (iii) East timorese scholarships.--Of 
                        the amounts authorized to be 
                        appropriated under clause (i), $500,000 
                        for the fiscal year 2000 and $500,000 
                        for the fiscal year 2001 is authorized 
                        to be available for ``East Timorese 
                        Scholarships''.
                          (iv) Tibetan exchanges.--Of the 
                        amounts authorized to be appropriated 
                        under clause (i), $500,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2000 and $500,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2001 is authorized to be 
                        available for ``Ngawang Choephel 
                        Exchange Programs'' (formerly known as 
                        educational and cultural exchanges with 
                        Tibet) under section 103(a) of the 
                        Human Rights, Refugee, and Other 
                        Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 
                        1996 (Public Law 104-319).
                          (v) African exchanges.--Of the 
                        amounts authorized to be appropriated 
                        under clause (i), $500,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2000 and $500,000 for the 
                        fiscal year 2001 is authorized to be 
                        available only for ``Educational and 
                        Cultural Exchanges with Sub-Saharan 
                        Africa''.
                          (vi) \17\ Israel-arab peace partners 
                        program.--Of the amounts authorized to 
                        be appropriated under clause (i), 
                        $750,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and 
                        $750,000 for the fiscal year 2001 is 
                        authorized to be available only for 
                        people-to-people activities (with a 
                        focus on young people) to support the 
                        Middle East peace process involving 
                        participants from Israel, the 
                        Palestinian Authority, Arab countries, 
                        and the United States, to be known as 
                        the ``Israel-Arab Peace Partners 
                        Program''. Not later than 90 days after 
                        the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                        the Secretary of State shall submit a 
                        plan to the appropriate congressional 
                        committees for implementation of such 
                        program. The Secretary shall not 
                        implement the plan until 45 days after 
                        its submission to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \17\ See also sec. 214 of Public Law 102-138 (22 U.S.C. 2452).
    The Department of State and Related Agency Appropriations Act, 2001 
(title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference in sec. 101(a)(2) of 
Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-95), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``israeli arab scholarship program
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Israeli Arab Scholarship Program as 
authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), all interest and earnings 
accruing to the Israeli Arab Scholarship Fund on or before September 
30, 2001, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) National endowment for democracy.--
                  (A) \18\ Authorization of appropriations.--
                For the ``National Endowment for Democracy'', 
                $32,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and 
                $32,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \18\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
44), provided $31,000,000 for the ``National Endowment for Democracy'' 
to remain available until expended.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-95), provided 
$30,999,000, to remain available until expended.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (B) Reagan-fascell democracy fellows.--Of the 
                amount authorized to be appropriated by 
                subparagraph (A), $1,000,000 for fiscal year 
                2000 and $1,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001 is 
                authorized to be appropriated only for a 
                fellowship program, to be known as the 
                ``Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellows'', for 
                democracy activists and scholars from around 
                the world at the International Forum for 
                Democratic Studies in Washington, D.C., to 
                study, write, and exchange views with other 
                activists and scholars and with Americans.
          (3) \19\ Dante b. fascell north-south center.--For 
        ``Dante B. Fascell North-South Center'' $2,500,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2000 and $2,500,000 for the fiscal year 
        2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \19\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
44), provided $1,750,000 for the ``North/South Center'' to remain 
available until expended. Funding for the Fascell Center for fiscal 
year 2001 is drawn from those funds appropriated for educational and 
cultural exchange programs.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) \20\ Center for cultural and technical 
        interchange between east and west.--For the ``Center 
        for Cultural and Technical Interchange between East and 
        West'', $12,500,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and 
        $12,500,000 for the fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \20\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by reference in sec. 
1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-44), provided 
$12,500,000 for the ``East-West Center'' for fiscal year 2000.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-95), provided 
$13,500,000 for the ``East-West Center''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Muskie Fellowships.--
          (1) Exchanges with russia.--Of the amounts authorized 
        to be appropriated by this or any other Act for the 
        fiscal years 2000 and 2001 for exchange programs with 
        the Russian Federation, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 
        and $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be available 
        only to carry out the Edmund S. Muskie Program under 
        section 227 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
        Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 22 
        U.S.C. 2452 note).
          (2) Doctoral graduate studies for nationals of the 
        independent states of the former soviet union.--Of the 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated by this or any 
        other Act for the fiscal years 2000 and 2001 for 
        exchange programs, $1,500,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
        $1,500,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be available only 
        to provide scholarships for doctoral graduate study in 
        economics to nationals of the independent states of the 
        former Soviet Union under the Edmund S. Muskie 
        Fellowship Program authorized by section 227 of the 
        Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 
        and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 22 U.S.C. 2452 note).
    (c) Vietnam Fulbright Academic Exchange Program.--Of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a)(1)(A), 
$4,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and $4,000,000 for the 
fiscal year 2001 shall be available only to carry out the 
Vietnam scholarship program established by section 229 of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 
(Public Law 102-138; 22 U.S.C. 2452 note).

SEC. 105. GRANTS TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION.

    Section 404 of The Asia Foundation Act (title IV of Public 
Law 98-164; 22 U.S.C. 4403) is amended to read as follows:
    ``Sec. 404. There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary of State $15,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
2000 and 2001 for grants to The Asia Foundation pursuant to 
this title.''.\21\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \21\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
43), provided $8,250,000 for the Asia Foundation to remain available 
until expended.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-94), provided 
$9,250,000 for the Asia Foundation, to remain available until expended.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 106.\22\ CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated under the heading ``Contributions to 
        International Organizations'' $940,000,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2000 and such sums as may be necessary for 
        the fiscal year 2001 for the Department of State to 
        carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
        responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs 
        of the United States with respect to international 
        organizations and to carry out other authorities in law 
        consistent with such purposes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \22\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
41), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``International Organizations and Conferences

``contributions to international organizations
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to meet 
annual obligations of membership in international multilateral 
organizations, pursuant to treaties, ratified pursuant to the advice 
and consent of the Senate, conventions or specific Acts of Congress, 
$885,203,000: Provided, That any payment of arrearages under this title 
shall be directed toward special activities that are mutually agreed 
upon by the United States and the respective international 
organization: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated in 
this paragraph shall be available for a United States contribution to 
an international organization for the United States share of interest 
costs made known to the United States Government by such organization 
for loans incurred on or after October 1, 1984, through external 
borrowings: Provided further, That funds appropriated under this 
paragraph may be obligated and expended to pay the full United States 
assessment to the civil budget of the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * * * *

``arrearage payments
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For an additional amount for payment of arrearages to meet 
obligations of authorized membership in international multilateral 
organizations, and to pay assessed expenses of international 
peacekeeping activities, $244,000,000, to remain available until 
expended: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available under this heading for payment of arrearages may be 
obligated or expended until such time as the share of the total of all 
assessed contributions for any designated specialized agency of the 
United Nations does not exceed 22 percent for any single member of the 
agency, and the designated specialized agencies have achieved zero 
nominal growth in their biennium budgets for 2000-2001 from the 1998-
1999 biennium budget levels of the respective agencies: Provided 
further, That, notwithstanding the preceding proviso, an additional 
amount, not to exceed $107,000,000, which is owed by the United Nations 
to the United States as a reimbursement, including any reimbursement 
under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the United Nations 
Participation Act of 1945, that was owed to the United States before 
the date of the enactment of this Act shall be applied or used, without 
fiscal year limitations, to reduce any amount owed by the United States 
to the United Nations.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-92), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``contributions to international organizations
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to meet 
annual obligations of membership in international multilateral 
organizations, pursuant to treaties ratified pursuant to the advice and 
consent of the Senate, conventions or specific Acts of Congress, 
$870,833,000: Provided, That any payment of arrearages under this title 
shall be directed toward special activities that are mutually agreed 
upon by the United States and the respective international 
organization: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated in 
this paragraph shall be available for a United States contribution to 
an international organization for the United States share of interest 
costs made known to the United States Government by such organization 
for loans incurred on or after October 1, 1984, through external 
borrowings: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated in this 
paragraph, $100,000,000 may be made available only pursuant to a 
certification by the Secretary of State that the United Nations has 
taken no action in calendar year 2000 prior to the date of enactment of 
this Act to increase funding for any United Nations program without 
identifying an offsetting decrease elsewhere in the United Nations 
budget and cause the United Nations to exceed the budget for the 
biennium 2000-2001 of $2,535,700,000: Provided further, That if the 
Secretary of State is unable to make the aforementioned certification, 
the $100,000,000 is to be applied to paying the current year assessment 
for other international organizations for which the assessment has not 
been paid in full or to paying the assessment due in the next fiscal 
year for such organizations, subject to the reprogramming procedures 
contained in Section 605 of this Act: Provided further, That funds 
appropriated under this paragraph may be obligated and expended to pay 
the full United States assessment to the civil budget of the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) Availability of funds for civil budget of nato.--
        Of the amounts authorized in paragraph (1), $48,977,000 
        are authorized in fiscal year 2000 and such sums as may 
        be necessary in fiscal year 2001 for the United States 
        assessment for the civil budget of the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization.
    (b) No Growth Budget.--Of the funds made available under 
subsection (a), $80,000,000 may be made available during each 
calendar year only after the Secretary of State certifies that 
the United Nations has taken no action during the preceding 
calendar year to increase funding for any United Nations 
program without identifying an offsetting decrease during that 
calendar year elsewhere in the United Nations budget of 
$2,533,000,000, and cause the United Nations to exceed the 
initial 1998-99 United Nations biennium budget adopted in 
December 1997.
    (c) Inspector General of the United Nations.--
          (1) Withholding of funds.--Twenty percent of the 
        funds made available in each fiscal year under 
        subsection (a) for the assessed contribution of the 
        United States to the United Nations shall be withheld 
        from obligation and expenditure until a certification 
        is made under paragraph (2).
          (2) Certification.--A certification under this 
        paragraph is a certification by the Secretary of State 
        in the fiscal year concerned that the following 
        conditions are satisfied:
                  (A) Action by the united nations.--The United 
                Nations--
                          (i) has met the requirements of 
                        paragraphs (1) through (6) of section 
                        401(b) of the Foreign Relations 
                        Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 
                        and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), as 
                        amended by paragraph (3);
                          (ii) has established procedures that 
                        require the Under Secretary General of 
                        the Office of Internal Oversight 
                        Services to report directly to the 
                        Secretary General on the adequacy of 
                        the Office's resources to enable the 
                        Office to fulfill its mandate; and
                          (iii) has made available an adequate 
                        amount of funds to the Office for 
                        carrying out its functions.
                  (B) Authority by oios.--The Office of 
                Internal Oversight Services has authority to 
                audit, inspect, or investigate each program, 
                project, or activity funded by the United 
                Nations, and each executive board created under 
                the United Nations has been notified of that 
                authority.
          (3) Amendment of the foreign relations authorization 
        act, fiscal years 1994 and 1995.--Section 401(b) of the 
        Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 
        and 1995 is amended--
                  (A) by amending paragraph (6) to read as 
                follows:
          ``(6) the United Nations has procedures in place to 
        ensure that all reports submitted by the Office of 
        Internal Oversight Services are made available to the 
        member states of the United Nations without 
        modification except to the extent necessary to protect 
        the privacy rights of individuals.''; and
                  (B) by striking ``Inspector General'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``Office of 
                Internal Oversight Services''.
    (d) Prohibition on Certain Global Conferences.--None of the 
funds made available under subsection (a) shall be available 
for any United States contribution to pay for any expense 
related to the holding of any United Nations global conference, 
except for any conference scheduled prior to October 1, 1998.
    (e) Prohibition on Funding Other Framework Treaty-Based 
Organizations.--None of the funds made available for the 1998-
1999 biennium budget under subsection (a) for United States 
contributions to the regular budget of the United Nations shall 
be available for the United States proportionate share of any 
other framework treaty-based organization, including the 
Framework Convention on Global Climate Change, the 
International Seabed Authority, the Desertification Convention, 
and the International Criminal Court.
    (f) Foreign Currency Exchange Rates.--
          (1) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated by subsection 
        (a), there are authorized to be appropriated such sums 
        as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2000 and 
        2001 to offset adverse fluctuations in foreign currency 
        exchange rates.
          (2) Availability of funds.--Amounts appropriated 
        under this subsection shall be available for obligation 
        and expenditure only to the extent that the Director of 
        the Office of Management and Budget determines and 
        certifies to Congress that such amounts are necessary 
        due to such fluctuations.
    (g) \23\ Refund of Excess Contributions.--The United States 
shall continue to insist that the United Nations and its 
specialized and affiliated agencies shall credit or refund to 
each member of the agency concerned its proportionate share of 
the amount by which the total contributions to the agency 
exceed the expenditures of the regular assessed budgets of 
these agencies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \23\ 22 U.S.C. 287e note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 107.\24\ CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES.

    There are authorized to be appropriated under the heading 
``Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities'' 
$500,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and such sums as may be 
necessary for the fiscal year 2001 for the Department of State 
to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
United States with respect to international peacekeeping 
activities and to carry out other authorities in law consistent 
with such purposes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \24\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
41), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``contributions for international peacekeeping activities
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to pay assessed and other expenses of 
international peacekeeping activities directed to the maintenance or 
restoration of international peace and security, $500,000,000, of which 
not to exceed $20,000,000 shall remain available until September 30, 
2001: Provided, That none of the funds made available under this Act 
shall be obligated or expended for any new or expanded United Nations 
peacekeeping mission unless, at least 15 days in advance of voting for 
the new or expanded mission in the United Nations Security Council (or 
in an emergency, as far in advance as is practicable): (1) the 
Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate and other appropriate committees of the Congress are notified of 
the estimated cost and length of the mission, the vital national 
interest that will be served, and the planned exit strategy; and (2) a 
reprogramming of funds pursuant to section 605 of this Act is 
submitted, and the procedures therein followed, setting forth the 
source of funds that will be used to pay for the cost of the new or 
expanded mission: Provided further, That funds shall be available for 
peacekeeping expenses only upon a certification by the Secretary of 
State to the appropriate committees of the Congress that American 
manufacturers and suppliers are being given opportunities to provide 
equipment, services, and material for United Nations peacekeeping 
activities equal to those being given to foreign manufacturers and 
suppliers: Provided further, That none of the funds made available 
under this heading are available to pay the United States share of the 
cost of court monitoring that is part of any United Nations 
peacekeeping mission.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-93), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``contributions for international peacekeeping activities
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to pay assessed and other expenses of 
international peacekeeping activities directed to the maintenance or 
restoration of international peace and security, $846,000,000, of which 
15 percent shall remain available until September 30, 2002: Provided, 
That none of the funds made available under this Act shall be obligated 
or expended for any new or expanded United Nations peacekeeping mission 
unless, at least 15 days in advance of voting for the new or expanded 
mission in the United Nations Security Council (or in an emergency, as 
far in advance as is practicable): (1) the Committees on Appropriations 
of the House of Representatives and the Senate and other appropriate 
committees of the Congress are notified of the estimated cost and 
length of the mission, the vital national interest that will be served, 
and the planned exit strategy; and (2) a reprogramming of funds 
pursuant to section 605 of this Act is submitted, and the procedures 
therein followed, setting forth the source of funds that will be used 
to pay for the cost of the new or expanded mission: Provided further, 
That funds shall be available for peacekeeping expenses only upon a 
certification by the Secretary of State to the appropriate committees 
of the Congress that American manufacturers and suppliers are being 
given opportunities to provide equipment, services, and material for 
United Nations peacekeeping activities equal to those being given to 
foreign manufacturers and suppliers: Provided further, That none of the 
funds made available under this heading are available to pay the United 
States share of the cost of court monitoring that is part of any United 
Nations peacekeeping mission.''.
    See also paragraph relating to arrearage payments, footnote 22.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 108. VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated for ``Voluntary Contributions to 
International Organizations'', $293,000,000 for the fiscal year 
2000 and such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 
2001.
    (b) Limitations on Authorizations of Appropriations.--
          (1) World food program.--Of the amounts authorized to 
        be appropriated under subsection (a), $5,000,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2000 and $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        2001 is authorized to be appropriated only for a United 
        States contribution to the World Food Program.
          (2) United nations voluntary fund for victims of 
        torture.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
        under subsection (a), $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        2000 and $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001 is 
        authorized to be appropriated only for a United States 
        contribution to the United Nations Voluntary Fund for 
        Victims of Torture.
          (3) Organization of american states.--Of the amounts 
        authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a), 
        $240,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and $240,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2001 is authorized to be appropriated only 
        for a United States contribution to the Organization of 
        American States for the Office of the Special 
        Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression in the Western 
        Hemisphere to conduct investigations, including field 
        visits, to establish a network of nongovernmental 
        organizations, and to hold hemispheric conferences, of 
        which $6,000 for each fiscal year is authorized to be 
        appropriated only for the investigation and 
        dissemination of information on violations of freedom 
        of expression by the Government of Cuba, $6,000 for 
        each fiscal year is authorized to be appropriated only 
        for the investigation and dissemination of information 
        on violations of freedom of expression by the 
        Government of Peru, and $6,000 for each fiscal year is 
        authorized to be appropriated only for the 
        investigation and dissemination of information on 
        violations of freedom of expression by the Government 
        of Colombia.
          (4) UNICEF.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated under subsection (a), $110,000,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only 
        for a United States contribution to UNICEF.
    (c) \25\ Restrictions on United States Voluntary 
Contributions to United Nations Development Program.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \25\ In Delegation of Authority No. 238 of February 9, 2000, the 
Secretary of State delegated authority in sec. 108(c) to the Assistant 
Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs (65 F.R. 
7903).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Limitation.--Of the amounts made available under 
        subsection (a) for each of the fiscal years 2000 and 
        2001 for United States voluntary contributions to the 
        United Nations Development Program an amount equal to 
        the amount the United Nations Development Program will 
        spend in Burma during each fiscal year shall be 
        withheld unless during such fiscal year the Secretary 
        of State submits to the appropriate congressional 
        committees the certification described in paragraph 
        (2).
          (2) Certification.--The certification referred to in 
        paragraph (1) is a certification by the Secretary of 
        State that all programs and activities of the United 
        Nations Development Program (including United Nations 
        Development Program--Administered Funds) in Burma--
                  (A) are focused on eliminating human 
                suffering and addressing the needs of the poor;
                  (B) are undertaken only through international 
                or private voluntary organizations that have 
                been deemed independent of the State Peace and 
                Development Council (SPDC) (formerly known as 
                the State Law and Order Restoration Council 
                (SLORC)), after consultation with the 
                leadership of the National League for Democracy 
                and the leadership of the National Coalition 
                Government of the Union of Burma;
                  (C) provide no financial, political, or 
                military benefit to the SPDC; and
                  (D) are carried out only after consultation 
                with the leadership of the National League for 
                Democracy and the leadership of the National 
                Coalition Government of the Union of Burma.
    (d) Contributions to the United Nations Fund for Population 
Activities.--
          (1) Limitations on amount of contribution.--Of the 
        amounts made available under subsection (a), not more 
        than $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $25,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2001 shall be available for the United 
        Nations Fund for Population Activities (hereinafter in 
        this subsection referred to as the ``UNFPA'').
          (2) Prohibition on use of funds in china.--None of 
        the funds made available under subsection (a) may be 
        made available for the UNFPA for a country program in 
        the People's Republic of China.
          (3) Conditions on availability of funds.--Amounts 
        made available under subsection (a) for each of the 
        fiscal years 2000 and 2001 for the UNFPA may not be 
        made available to the UNFPA unless--
                  (A) the UNFPA maintains amounts made 
                available to the UNFPA under this section in an 
                account separate from other accounts of the 
                UNFPA;
                  (B) the UNFPA does not commingle amounts made 
                available to the UNFPA under this section with 
                other sums; and
                  (C) the UNFPA does not fund abortions.
          (4) Report to congress and withholding of funds.--
                  (A) Not later than February 15, of each of 
                the years 2000 and 2001, the Secretary of State 
                shall submit a report to the appropriate 
                congressional committees indicating the amount 
                of funds that the United Nations Fund for 
                Population Activities is budgeting for the year 
                in which the report is submitted for a country 
                program in the People's Republic of China.
                  (B) If a report under subparagraph (A) 
                indicates that the United Nations Population 
                Fund plans to spend funds for a country program 
                in the People's Republic of China in the year 
                covered by the report, then the amount of such 
                funds that the UNFPA plans to spend in the 
                People's Republic of China shall be deducted 
                from the funds made available to the UNFPA 
                after March 1 for obligation for the remainder 
                of the fiscal year in which the report is 
                submitted.
    (e) Availability of Funds.--Amounts authorized to be 
appropriated under subsection (a) are authorized to remain 
available until expended.

    Subtitle B--United States International Broadcasting Activities

SEC. 121. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the United States International 
Broadcasting Act of 1994, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, 
and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and to carry out 
other authorities in law consistent with such purposes:
          (1) \26\ International broadcasting activities.--For 
        ``International Broadcasting Activities'', $385,900,000 
        for the fiscal year 2000, and $393,618,000 for the 
        fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \26\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
44), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``Broadcasting Board of Governors

``international broadcasting operations
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses necessary to enable the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors, as authorized by the United States Information and 
Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended, the United States 
International Broadcasting Act of 1994, as amended, Reorganization Plan 
No. 2 of 1977, as amended, and the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998, to carry out international communication 
activities, $388,421,000, of which not to exceed $16,000 may be used 
for official receptions within the United States as authorized by 
section 804(3) of such Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1747(3)), not to exceed 
$35,000 may be used for representation abroad as authorized by section 
302 of such Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1452) and section 905 of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4085), and not to exceed $39,000 may be 
used for official reception and representation expenses of Radio Free 
Europe/Radio Liberty; and in addition, notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, not to exceed $2,000,000 in receipts from advertising 
and revenue from business ventures, not to exceed $500,000 in receipts 
from cooperating international organizations, and not to exceed 
$1,000,000 in receipts from privatization efforts of the Voice of 
America and the International Broadcasting Bureau, to remain available 
until expended for carrying out authorized purposes.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-95), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``Broadcasting Board of Governors

``international broadcasting operations
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses necessary to enable the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors, as authorized, to carry out international communication 
activities, $398,971,000, of which not to exceed $16,000 may be used 
for official receptions within the United States as authorized, not to 
exceed $35,000 may be used for representation abroad as authorized, and 
not to exceed $39,000 may be used for official reception and 
representation expenses of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty; and in 
addition, notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to exceed 
$2,000,000 in receipts from advertising and revenue from business 
ventures, not to exceed $500,000 in receipts from cooperating 
international organizations, and not to exceed $1,000,000 in receipts 
from privatization efforts of the Voice of America and the 
International Broadcasting Bureau, to remain available until expended 
for carrying out authorized purposes.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \27\ Broadcasting capital improvements.--For 
        ``Broadcasting Capital Improvements'', $20,868,000 for 
        the fiscal year 2000, and $20,868,000 for the fiscal 
        year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \27\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
45), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``broadcasting capital improvements
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For the purchase, rent, construction, and improvement of 
facilities for radio transmission and reception, and purchase and 
installation of necessary equipment for radio and television 
transmission and reception as authorized by section 801 of the United 
States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 
1471), $11,258,000, to remain available until expended, as authorized 
by section 704(a) of such Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1477b(a)).''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-95), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``broadcasting capital improvements
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For the purchase, rent, construction, and improvement of 
facilities for radio transmission and reception, and purchase and 
installation of necessary equipment for radio and television 
transmission and reception as authorized, $20,358,000, to remain 
available until expended, as authorized.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (3) \28\ Broadcasting to cuba.--For ``Broadcasting to 
        Cuba'', $22,743,000 for the fiscal year 2000 and 
        $22,743,000 for the fiscal year 2001.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \28\ For fiscal year 2000, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (title IV of H.R. 3421, enacted by 
reference in sec. 1000(a)(1) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-
44), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``broadcasting to cuba
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For expenses necessary to enable the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors to carry out the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, as amended, 
the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and the International 
Broadcasting Act of 1994, and the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998, including the purchase, rent, construction, 
and improvement of facilities for radio and television transmission and 
reception, and purchase and installation of necessary equipment for 
radio and television transmission and reception, $22,095,000, to remain 
available until expended: Provided, That funds may be used to purchase 
or lease, maintain, and operate such aircraft (including aerostats) as 
may be required to house and operate necessary television broadcasting 
equipment.''.
    For fiscal year 2001, the Department of State and Related Agency 
Appropriations Act, 2001 (title IV of H.R. 5548, enacted by reference 
in sec. 101(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 2762A-96), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``broadcasting to cuba
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses to enable the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors to carry out broadcasting to Cuba, including the purchase, 
rent, construction, and improvement of facilities for radio and 
television transmission and reception, and purchase and installation of 
necessary equipment for radio and television transmission and 
reception, $22,095,000, to remain available until expended.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) Radio free asia.--For ``Radio Free Asia'', 
        $24,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000, and $30,000,000 
        for the fiscal year 2001.

        TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

              Subtitle A--Basic Authorities and Activities

SEC. 201.\29\ OFFICE OF CHILDREN'S ISSUES.

    (a) Director Requirements.--The Secretary of State shall 
fill the position of Director of the Office of Children's 
Issues of the Department of State (in this section referred to 
as the ``Office'') with an individual of senior rank who can 
ensure long-term continuity in the management and policy 
matters of the Office and has a strong background in consular 
affairs.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \29\ 42 U.S.C. 11608a.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Case Officer Staffing.--Effective April 1, 2000, there 
shall be assigned to the Office of Children's Issues of the 
Department of State a sufficient number of case officers to 
ensure that the average caseload for each officer does not 
exceed 75.
    (c) Embassy Contact.--The Secretary of State shall 
designate in each United States diplomatic mission an employee 
who shall serve as the point of contact for matters relating to 
international abductions of children by parents. The Director 
of the Office shall regularly inform the designated employee of 
children of United States citizens abducted by parents to that 
country.
    (d) Reports to Parents.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        beginning 6 months after the date of enactment of this 
        Act, and at least once every 6 months thereafter, the 
        Secretary of State shall report to each parent who has 
        requested assistance regarding an abducted child 
        overseas. Each such report shall include information on 
        the current status of the abducted child's case and the 
        efforts by the Department of State to resolve the case.
          (2) Exception.--The requirement in paragraph (1) 
        shall not apply in a case of an abducted child if--
                  (A) the case has been closed and the 
                Secretary of State has reported the reason the 
                case was closed to the parent who requested 
                assistance; or
                  (B) the parent seeking assistance requests 
                that such reports not be provided.

SEC. 202.\30\ STRENGTHENING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HAGUE CONVENTION ON 
                    THE CIVIL ASPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTION.

    Section 2803(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (as contained in division G of Public 
Law 105-277) is amended--* * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \30\ For amended text, see page 307.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 203. REPORT CONCERNING ATTACK IN CAMBODIA.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, and one year thereafter unless the investigation 
referred to in this section is completed, the Secretary of 
State, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall submit 
a report to the appropriate congressional committees, in 
classified and unclassified form, containing the most current 
information on the investigation into the March 30, 1997, 
grenade attack in Cambodia.

SEC. 204.\31\ INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITIONS.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b) and 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Department of 
State may not obligate or expend any funds appropriated to the 
Department of State for a United States pavilion or other major 
exhibit at any international exposition or world's fair 
registered by the Bureau of International Expositions in excess 
of amounts expressly authorized and appropriated for such 
purpose.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \31\ 22 U.S.C. 2452b.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Exceptions.--
          (1) In general.--The Department of State is 
        authorized to utilize its personnel and resources to 
        carry out the responsibilities of the Department for 
        the following:
                  (A) Administrative services, including legal 
                and other advice and contract administration, 
                under section 102(a)(3) of the Mutual 
                Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 
                (22 U.S.C. 2452(a)(3)) related to United States 
                participation in international fairs and 
                expositions abroad. Such administrative 
                services may not include capital expenses, 
                operating expenses, or travel or related 
                expenses (other than such expenses as are 
                associated with the provision of administrative 
                services by employees of the Department of 
                State).
                  (B) Activities under section 105(f) of such 
                Act with respect to encouraging foreign 
                governments, international organizations, and 
                private individuals, firms, associations, 
                agencies and other groups to participate in 
                international fairs and expositions and to make 
                contributions to be utilized for United States 
                participation in international fairs and 
                expositions.
                  (C) Encouraging private support of United 
                States pavilions and exhibits at international 
                fairs and expositions.
          (2) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection authorizes the use of funds appropriated to 
        the Department of State to make payments for--
                  (A) contracts, grants, or other agreements 
                with any other party to carry out the 
                activities described in this subsection; or
                  (B) the satisfaction of any legal claim or 
                judgment or the costs of litigation brought 
                against the Department of State arising from 
                activities described in this subsection.
    (c) Notification.--No funds made available to the 
Department of State by any Federal agency to be used for a 
United States pavilion or other major exhibit at any 
international exposition or world's fair registered by the 
Bureau of International Expositions may be obligated or 
expended unless the appropriate congressional committees are 
notified not less than 15 days prior to such obligation or 
expenditure.
    (d) Reports.--The Commissioner General of a United States 
pavilion or other major exhibit at any international exposition 
or world's fair registered by the Bureau of International 
Expositions shall submit to the Secretary of State and the 
appropriate congressional committees a report concerning 
activities relating to such pavilion or exhibit every 180 days 
while serving as Commissioner General and shall submit a final 
report summarizing all such activities not later than 1 year 
after the closure of the pavilion or exhibit.
    (e) Repeal.--Section 230 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 2452 
note) is repealed.\32\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \32\ Sec. 230 of Public Law 103-236 stated, ``Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, the United States Information Agency shall not 
obligate or expend any funds for a United State Government funded 
pavilion or other major exhibit at any international exposition or 
world's fair registered by the Bureau of International Expositions in 
excess of amounts expressly authorized and appropriated for such 
purpose.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 205. RESPONSIBILITY OF THE AID INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR THE INTER-
                    AMERICAN FOUNDATION AND THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT 
                    FOUNDATION.

    (a) Responsibilities.--Section 8A(a) of the Inspector 
General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) is amended--* * * \33\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \33\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. IV.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--* * *

SEC. 206. REPORT ON CUBAN DRUG TRAFFICKING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees an unclassified report 
(with a classified annex) on the extent of international drug 
trafficking through Cuba since 1990. The report shall include 
the following:
          (1) Information concerning the extent to which the 
        Cuban Government or any official, employee, or entity 
        of the Government of Cuba has engaged in, facilitated, 
        or condoned such trafficking.
          (2) The extent to which agencies of the United States 
        Government have investigated or prosecuted such 
        activities.
    (b) Limitation.--The report need not include information 
about isolated instances of conduct by low-level employees, 
except to the extent that such information may suggest improper 
conduct by more senior officials.

SEC. 207.\34\ REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    Section 3 of Public Law 102-1 is amended by striking ``60 
days'' and inserting ``90 days''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \34\ For amended text of the authorization of use of force against 
Iraq (Public Law 102-1), see vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 208. FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY.

    (a) \35\ Report on Language Proficiency.--Section 702 of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4022) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection: * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \35\ For amended text, see page 755.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Repeal.--Section 304(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 
1980 (22 U.S.C. 3944(c)) is repealed.\36\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \36\ Sec. 304(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 required 
``Within 6 months after assuming the position, the chief of mission to 
a foreign country shall submit * * * a report describing his or her own 
foreign language competence and the foreign language competence of the 
mission staff in the principal language or other dialect of that 
country.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 209. CONTINUATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Reports on Claims by United States Firms Against the 
Government of Saudi Arabia.--Section 2801(b)(1) of the Foreign 
Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by 
division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is 
amended by striking ``third'' and inserting ``seventh''.\37\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \37\ For amended text, see page 305.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Reports on Determinations Under Title IV of the 
Libertad Act.--Section 2802(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform 
and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the 
Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended by striking 
``September 30, 1999,'' and inserting ``September 30, 
2001,''.\38\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \38\ For amended text, see page 306.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) Relations With Vietnam.--Section 2805 of the Foreign 
Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by 
division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 1999,'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2001,''.\39\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \39\ For amended text, see page 308.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (d) Reports on Ballistic Missile Cooperation With Russia.--
Section 2705(d) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring 
Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the Omnibus 
Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 
1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended by striking ``and January 
1, 2000,'' and inserting ``January 1, 2000, and January 1, 
2001,''.\40\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \40\ For amended text, see vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (e) \41\ Continuation of Reports Terminated by the Federal 
Reports Elimination and Sunset Act of 1995.--Section 3003(a)(1) 
of the Federal Reports Elimination and Sunset Act of 1995 
(Public Law 104-66; 31 U.S.C. 1113 note) does not apply to any 
report required to be submitted under any of the following 
provisions of law:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \41\ The Federal Reports Elimination and Sunset Act of 1995 may be 
found in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. IV.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Section 1205 of the International Security and 
        Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-83; 
        22 U.S.C. 2346 note) (relating to annual reports on 
        economic conditions in Egypt, Israel, Turkey, and 
        Portugal).
          (2) Section 1307(f)(1)(A) of the International 
        Financial Institutions Act (Public Law 95-118) 
        (relating to an assessment of the environmental impact 
        of proposed multilateral development bank actions).
          (3) Section 118(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 (Public Law 87-195; 22 U.S.C. 2151p-1) (relating 
        to the protection of tropical forests).
          (4) Section 586J(c)(4) of the Foreign Operations, 
        Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations 
        Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-513) (relating to sanctions 
        taken by other nations against Iraq).
          (5) Section 3 of the Authorization for Use of 
        Military Force Against Iraq Resolution (Public Law 102-
        1; 105 Stat. 3) (relating to the status of efforts to 
        obtain Iraqi compliance with United Nations Security 
        Council resolutions).
          (6) Section 124 of the Foreign Relations 
        Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public 
        Law 100-204; 22 U.S.C. 2680 note) (relating to 
        expenditures for emergencies in the diplomatic and 
        consular service).
          (7) Section 620C(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 (Public Law 87-195; 22 U.S.C. 2373(c)) (relating 
        to progress made toward the conclusion of a negotiated 
        solution to the Cyprus problem).
          (8) Section 533(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export 
        Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
        19991 (Public Law 101-513) (relating to international 
        natural resource management initiatives).
          (9) Section 3602 of the Omnibus Trade and 
        Competitiveness Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-418; 22 
        U.S.C. 5352) (relating to foreign treatment of United 
        States financial institutions).
          (10) Section 1702 of the International Financial 
        Institutions Act (Public Law 95-118; 22 U.S.C. 262r-1) 
        (relating to operating summaries of the multilateral 
        development banks).
          (11) Section 1303(c) of the International Financial 
        Institutions Act (Public Law 95-118; 22 U.S.C. 262m-
        2(c)) (relating to international environmental 
        assistance programs).
          (12) Section 1701(a) of the International Financial 
        Institutions Act (Public Law 95-118; 22 U.S.C. 262r) 
        (relating to United States participation in 
        international financial institutions).
          (13) Section 163(a) of the Trade Act of 1974 (Public 
        Law 93-618; 19 U.S.C. 2213) (relating to the trade 
        agreements program and national trade policy agenda).
          (14) Section 8 of the Export-Import Bank Act (Public 
        Law 79-173; 12 U.S.C. 635g) (relating to Export-Import 
        Bank activities).
          (15) Section 407(f) of the Agricultural Trade 
        Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (Public Law 83-
        480; 7 U.S.C. 1736a) (relating to Public Law 480 
        programs and activities).
          (16) Section 239(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 (Public Law 87-195; 22 U.S.C. 2199(c)) (relating 
        to OPIC audit report).
          (17) Section 504(i) of the National Endowment for 
        Democracy Act (Public Law 98-164; 22 U.S.C. 4413(i)) 
        (relating to the activities of the National Endowment 
        for Democracy).
          (18) Section 5(b) of the Japan-United States 
        Friendship Act (Public Law 94-118; 22 U.S.C. 2904(b)) 
        (relating to Japan-United States Friendship Commission 
        activities).

SEC. 210. JOINT FUNDS UNDER AGREEMENTS FOR COOPERATION IN 
                    ENVIRONMENTAL, SCIENTIFIC, CULTURAL AND RELATED 
                    AREAS.

    Amounts made available to the Department of State for 
participation in joint funds under agreements for cooperation 
in environmental, scientific, cultural and related areas prior 
to fiscal year 1996 which, pursuant to express terms of such 
international agreements, were deposited in interest-bearing 
accounts prior to disbursement may earn interest, and interest 
accrued to such accounts may be used and retained without 
return to the Treasury of the United States and without further 
appropriation by Congress. The Department of State shall take 
action to ensure the complete and timely disbursement of 
appropriations and associated interest within joint funds 
covered by this section and final disposition of such 
agreements.

SEC. 211. REPORT ON INTERNATIONAL EXTRADITION.

    (a) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall 
review extradition treaties and other agreements containing 
extradition obligations to which the United States is a party 
(only with regard to those treaties where the United States has 
diplomatic relations with the treaty partner) and submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees regarding 
United States extradition policy and practice.
    (b) Contents of Report.--The report under subsection (a) 
shall--
          (1) discuss the factors that contribute to failure of 
        foreign nations to comply fully with their obligations 
        under bilateral extradition treaties with the United 
        States;
          (2) discuss the factors that contribute to nations 
        becoming ``safe havens'' for individuals fleeing the 
        United States justice system;
          (3) identify those bilateral extradition treaties to 
        which the United States is a party which do not require 
        the extradition of nationals, and the reason such 
        treaties contain such a provision;
          (4) discuss appropriate legislative and diplomatic 
        solutions to existing gaps in United States extradition 
        treaties and practice; and
          (5) discuss current priorities of the United States 
        for negotiation of new extradition treaties and 
        renegotiation of existing treaties, including resource 
        factors relevant to such negotiations.

                    Subtitle B--Consular Authorities

SEC. 231. MACHINE READABLE VISAS.

    Section 140(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (8 U.S.C. 1351 note) is amended * * 
* \42\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \42\ For amended text, see page 335.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 232.\43\ FEES RELATING TO AFFIDAVITS OF SUPPORT.

    (a) Authority To Charge Fee.--The Secretary of State may 
charge and retain a fee or surcharge for services provided by 
the Department of State to any sponsor who provides an 
affidavit of support under section 213A of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1183a) to ensure that such affidavit 
is properly completed before it is forwarded to a consular post 
for adjudication by a consular officer in connection with the 
adjudication of an immigrant visa. Such fee or surcharge shall 
be in addition to and separate from any fee imposed for 
immigrant visa application processing and issuance, and shall 
recover only the costs of such services not recovered by such 
fee.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \43\ 8 U.S.C. 1183a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Limitation.--Any fee established under subsection (a) 
shall be charged only once to a sponsor or joint sponsors who 
file essentially duplicative affidavits of support in 
connection with separate immigrant visa applications from the 
spouse and children of any petitioner required by the 
Immigration and Nationality Act to petition separately for such 
persons.
    (c) Treatment of Fees.--Fees collected under the authority 
of subsection (a) shall be deposited as an offsetting 
collection to any Department of State appropriation to recover 
the cost of providing consular services. Such fees shall remain 
available for obligation until expended.\44\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \44\ Sec. 211(b) of the Department of State Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (division A of Public Law 107-227; 116 Stat. 1365), 
added this sentence and struck out subsec. (d), which had read as 
follows:
    ``(d) Compliance With Budget Act.--Fees collected under the 
authority of subsection (a) shall be available only to such extent or 
in such amounts as are provided in advance in an appropriation Act.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 233.\45\ PASSPORT FEES. * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \45\ Sec. 233 amended the Passport Act of June 4, 1920 (22 U.S.C. 
214 and 216).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 234.\46\ DEATHS AND ESTATES OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS ABROAD. * * 
                    *

SEC. 235. DUTIES OF CONSULAR OFFICERS REGARDING MAJOR DISASTERS AND 
                    INCIDENTS ABROAD AFFECTING UNITED STATES CITIZENS.

    Section 43 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2715) is amended * * * \47\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \46\ Sec. 234 repealed sec. 1709 of the Revised Statutes (22 U.S.C. 
4195) and added new secs. 43A and 43B to the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2715b and 2715c); see beginning at 
page 52.
    \47\ For amended text, see page 52.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 236.\48\ ISSUANCE OF PASSPORTS FOR CHILDREN UNDER AGE 14.

    (a) In General.--
          (1) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        State shall issue regulations providing that before a 
        child under the age of 14 years is issued a passport 
        the requirements under paragraph (2) shall apply under 
        penalty of perjury.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \48\ 22 U.S.C. 213 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) Requirements.--
                  (A) Both parents, or the child's legal 
                guardian, must execute the application and 
                provide documentary evidence demonstrating that 
                they are the parents or guardian; or
                  (B) the person executing the application must 
                provide documentary evidence that such person--
                          (i) has sole custody of the child;
                          (ii) has the consent of the other 
                        parent to the issuance of the passport; 
                        or
                          (iii) is in loco parentis and has the 
                        consent of both parents, of a parent 
                        with sole custody over the child, or of 
                        the child's legal guardian, to the 
                        issuance of the passport.
    (b) Exceptions.--The regulations required by subsection (a) 
may provide for exceptions in exigent circumstances, such as 
those involving the health or welfare of the child, or when the 
Secretary determines that issuance of a passport is warranted 
by special family circumstances.

SEC. 237.\49\ PROCESSING OF VISA APPLICATIONS.

    (a) Policy.--It shall be the policy of the Department of 
State to process immigrant visa applications of immediate 
relatives of United States citizens and nonimmigrant K-1 visa 
applications of fiances of United States citizens within 30 
days of the receipt of all necessary documents from the 
applicant and the Immigration and Naturalization Service. In 
the case of an immigrant visa application where the sponsor of 
such applicant is a relative other than an immediate relative, 
it should be the policy of the Department of State to process 
such an application within 60 days of the receipt of all 
necessary documents from the applicant and the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \49\ 8 U.S.C. 1201 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and not later than 1 year thereafter, 
the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on the extent to which the 
Department of State is meeting the policy standards under 
subsection (a). Each report shall be based on a survey of the 
22 consular posts which account for approximately 72 percent of 
immigrant visas issued and, in addition, the consular posts in 
Guatemala City, Nicosia, Caracas, Naples, and Jakarta. Each 
report should include data on the average time for processing 
each category of visa application under subsection (a), a list 
of the embassies and consular posts which do not meet the 
policy standards under subsection (a), the amount of funds 
collected worldwide for processing of visa applications during 
the most recent fiscal year, the estimated costs of processing 
such visa applications (based on the Department of State's most 
recent fee study), the steps being taken by the Department of 
State to achieve such policy standards, and results achieved by 
the interagency working group charged with the goal of reducing 
the overall processing time for visa applications.

SEC. 238. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON FURTHER PASSPORT RESTRICTIONS ON 
                    INDIVIDUALS IN ARREARS ON CHILD SUPPORT.

    (a) Report to Congress.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
committees, the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate on 
the feasibility of decreasing the amount of an individual's 
arrearages of child support that would require the Secretary of 
State to refuse to issue a passport to such individual, or 
otherwise act with respect to such an individual, as provided 
under section 452(k) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
652(k)).
    (b) Contents of Report.--The report under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
          (1) The estimated cost to the Department of State of 
        reducing the arrearage amount which would result in a 
        refusal to issue a passport to $2,500 and, in addition, 
        an amount between $5,000 and $2,500.
          (2) A projection of the estimated benefits of 
        reducing the amount to $2,500 (or an amount between 
        $5,000 and $2,500), which shall include an estimate of 
        the additional numbers of individuals who would be 
        subject to denial, an estimate of the additional child 
        support arrearages that would be received through such 
        a reduction, and an estimate of the amount of child 
        support that would be paid earlier than under current 
        law (together with an estimate of how much earlier such 
        amounts would be paid).
          (3) Information regarding the number of individuals 
        with child support arrearages over $2,500 and the 
        average length of time it takes for individuals to 
        reach $2,500 in arrearages.
          (4) The methodology for the cost estimates and 
        benefit projections described in paragraphs (1) and 
        (2).

                          Subtitle C--Refugees

SEC. 251.\50\ UNITED STATES POLICY REGARDING THE INVOLUNTARY RETURN OF 
                    REFUGEES.

    (a) In General.--None of the funds made available by this 
Act or by section 2(c) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance 
Act of 1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601(c)) shall be available to effect 
the involuntary return by the United States of any person to a 
country in which the person has a well-founded fear of 
persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, 
membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, 
except on grounds recognized as precluding protection as a 
refugee under the United Nations Convention Relating to the 
Status of Refugees of July 28, 1951, and the Protocol Relating 
to the Status of Refugees of January 31, 1967, subject to the 
reservations contained in the United States Senate Resolution 
of Ratification.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \50\ 22 U.S.C. 2601 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Migration and Refugee Assistance.--None of the funds 
made available by this Act or by section 2(c) of the Migration 
and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601(c)) shall be 
available to effect the involuntary return of any person to any 
country unless the Secretary of State first notifies the 
appropriate congressional committees, except that in the case 
of an emergency involving a threat to human life the Secretary 
of State shall notify the appropriate congressional committees 
as soon as practicable.
    (c) Involuntary Return Defined.--As used in this section, 
the term ``to effect the involuntary return'' means to require, 
by means of physical force or circumstances amounting to a 
threat thereof, a person to return to a country against the 
person's will, regardless of whether the person is physically 
present in the United States and regardless of whether the 
United States acts directly or through an agent.

SEC. 252. HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTS.

    Section 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2304(b)) is amended * * * \51\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \51\ For amended text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 253.\52\ GUIDELINES FOR REFUGEE PROCESSING POSTS. * * *

SEC. 254.\53\ GENDER-RELATED PERSECUTION TASK FORCE.

    (a) Establishment of Task Force.--The Secretary of State, 
in consultation with the Attorney General and other appropriate 
Federal agencies, shall establish a task force with the goal of 
determining eligibility guidelines for women seeking refugee 
status overseas due to gender-related persecution.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \52\ Sec. 253 amended sec. 602(c) of the International Religious 
Freedom Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-292); see page 1294.
    \53\ 8 U.S.C. 1157 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall prepare and 
submit to the Congress a report outlining the guidelines 
determined by the task force under subsection (a).

SEC. 255. ELIGIBILITY FOR REFUGEE STATUS.

    (a) Eligibility for In-Country Refugee Processing in 
Vietnam.--For purposes of eligibility for in-country refugee 
processing for nationals of Vietnam during fiscal years 2000 
and 2001, an alien described in subsection (b) or (d) shall be 
considered to be a refugee of special humanitarian concern to 
the United States (within the meaning of section 207 of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 USC 1157)) and shall be 
admitted to the United States for resettlement if the alien 
would be admissible as an immigrant under the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (except as provided in section 207(c)(3) of 
that Act).
    (b) Aliens Covered.--An alien described in this subsection 
is an alien who--
          (1) is the son or daughter of a qualified national;
          (2) is 21 years of age or older; and
          (3) was unmarried as of the date of acceptance of the 
        alien's parent for resettlement under the Orderly 
        Departure Program or through the United States 
        Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City.
    (c) Qualified National.--The term ``qualified national'' in 
subsection (b)(1) means a national of Vietnam who--
          (1)(A) was formerly interned in a re-education camp 
        in Vietnam by the Government of the Socialist Republic 
        of Vietnam; or
          (B) is the widow or widower of an individual 
        described in subparagraph (A);
          (2)(A) qualified for refugee processing under the 
        Orderly Departure Program re-education subprogram; and
          (B) except as provided in subsection (d), on or after 
        April 1, 1995, is or has been accepted under the 
        Orderly Departure Program or through the United States 
        Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City--
                  (i) for resettlement as a refugee; or
                  (ii) for admission to the United States as an 
                immediate relative immigrant; and
          (3)(A) is presently maintaining a residence in the 
        United States; or
          (B) was approved for refugee resettlement or 
        immigrant visa processing and is awaiting departure 
        formalities from Vietnam.
    (d) Previous Denials Based on Lack of Co-Residency.--An 
alien who is otherwise qualified under subsection (b) is 
eligible for admission for resettlement regardless of the date 
of acceptance of the alien's parent if the alien previously was 
denied refugee resettlement based solely on the fact that the 
alien was not listed continuously on the parent's residence 
permit.

    TITLE III--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                    Subtitle A--Organization Matters

SEC. 301. LEGISLATIVE LIAISON OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) Development of Assessment.--The Secretary of State 
shall assess the administrative and personnel requirements for 
the establishment of legislative liaison offices for the 
Department of State within the office buildings of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate. In undertaking the assessment, 
the Secretary should examine existing liaison offices of other 
executive departments that are located in the congressional 
office buildings, including the liaison offices of the military 
services.
    (b) Assessment Considerations.--The assessment required by 
subsection (a) shall consider--
          (1) space requirements;
          (2) cost implications;
          (3) personnel structure; and
          (4) the feasibility of modifying the Pearson 
        Fellowship program in order to have members of the 
        Foreign Service who serve in such fellowships serve a 
        second year in a legislative liaison office.
    (c) Transmittal of Assessment.--Not later than 6 months 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
State shall submit to the Committee on International Relations 
and the Committee on House Administration of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate the 
assessment developed under subsection (a).

SEC. 302.\54\ STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL FOR NORTHEASTERN EUROPE.

    The Secretary of State shall designate a senior-level 
official of the Department of State with responsibility for 
promoting regional cooperation in and coordinating United 
States policy toward Northeastern Europe.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \54\ 22 U.S.C. 2651a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 303.\54\ SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ADVISER TO SECRETARY OF STATE.

    (a) Designation.--The Secretary of State shall designate a 
senior-level official of the Department of State as the Science 
and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State (in this 
section referred to as the ``Adviser''). The Adviser shall have 
substantial experience in the area of science and technology. 
The Adviser shall report to the Secretary of State through the 
appropriate Under Secretary of State.
    (b) Duties.--The Adviser shall--
          (1) advise the Secretary of State, through the 
        appropriate Under Secretary of State, on international 
        science and technology matters affecting the foreign 
        policy of the United States; and
          (2) perform such duties, exercise such powers, and 
        have such rank and status as the Secretary of State 
        shall prescribe.

SEC. 304. APPLICATION OF CERTAIN LAWS TO PUBLIC DIPLOMACY FUNDS.

    Section 1333(c) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted in division G of the 
Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended--* * * \55\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \55\ For amended text, see page 885.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 305.\56\ REFORM OF THE DIPLOMATIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE 
                    PROGRAM OFFICE.

    (a) Additional Resources.--In addition to other amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of the 
Diplomatic Telecommunications Service Program Office (DTS-PO), 
of the amounts made available to the Department of State under 
section 101(2), $18,000,000 shall be made available only to the 
DTS-PO for enhancement of Diplomatic Telecommunications Service 
capabilities.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \56\ 22 U.S.C. 2669a note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Improvement of DTS-PO.--In order for the DTS-PO to 
better manage a fully integrated telecommunications network to 
service all agencies at diplomatic missions and consular posts, 
the DTS-PO shall--
          (1) ensure that those enhancements of, and the 
        provision of service for, telecommunication 
        capabilities that involve the national security 
        interests of the United States receive the highest 
        prioritization;
          (2) not later than December 31, 1999, terminate all 
        leases for satellite systems located at posts in 
        criteria countries, unless all maintenance and 
        servicing of the satellite system is undertaken by 
        United States citizens who have received appropriate 
        security clearances;
          (3) institute a system of charges for utilization of 
        bandwidth by each agency beginning October 1, 2000, and 
        institute a comprehensive chargeback system to recover 
        all, or substantially all, of the other costs of 
        telecommunications services provided through the 
        Diplomatic Telecommunications Service to each agency 
        beginning October 1, 2001;
          (4) ensure that all DTS-PO policies and procedures 
        comply with applicable policies established by the 
        Overseas Security Policy Board; and
          (5) maintain the allocation of the positions of 
        Director and Deputy Director of DTS-PO as those 
        positions were assigned as of June 1, 1999, which 
        assignments shall pertain through fiscal year 2001, at 
        which time such assignments shall be adjusted in the 
        customary manner.
    (c) Report on Improving Management.--Not later than March 
31, 2000, the Director and Deputy Director of DTS-PO shall 
jointly submit to the Committee on International Relations and 
the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate the Director's 
plan for improving network architecture, engineering, 
operations monitoring and control, service metrics reporting, 
and service provisioning, so as to achieve highly secure, 
reliable, and robust communications capabilities that meet the 
needs of both national security agencies and other United 
States agencies with overseas personnel.
    (d) Funding of DTS-PO.--Funds appropriated for allocation 
to DTS-PO shall be made available only for DTS-PO until a 
comprehensive chargeback system is in place.
    (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means 
the Committee on International Relations and the Permanent 
Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.

         Subtitle B--Personnel of the Department of State \57\

SEC. 321. AWARD OF FOREIGN SERVICE STAR.

    The State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is 
amended by inserting after section 36 (22 U.S.C. 2708) the 
following new section: * * * \58\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \57\ Secs. 322, 323, and 326 through 333 amended the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980. See beginning at page 706.
    \58\ Sec. 321 added a new sec. 36A to the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708a). See page 43.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 324.\59\ * * * [REPEALED--2002]

SEC. 325. REPORT ON MANAGEMENT TRAINING.

    Not later than April 1, 2000, the Department of State shall 
report to the appropriate congressional committees on the 
feasibility of modifying current training programs and 
curricula so that the Department can provide significant and 
comprehensive management training at all career grades for 
Foreign Service personnel.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \59\ Sec. 671(4) of the Department of State Authorization Act, 2003 
(division A of Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1407), repealed sec. 324, 
which provided as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``sec. 324. placement of senior foreign service personnel.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``The Director General of the Foreign Service shall submit a report 
on the first day of each fiscal quarter to the appropriate 
congressional committees containing the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ``(1) The number of members of the Senior Foreign Service.

  ``(2) The number of vacant positions designated for members of the Senior 
Foreign Service.

  ``(3) The number of members of the Senior Foreign Service who are not 
assigned to positions.''.

          * * * * * * *

SEC. 334. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN PERSONS REEMPLOYED AFTER SERVICE WITH 
                    INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Title 5 of the United States Code is 
amended by inserting after section 8432b the following new 
section: * * * \60\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \60\ See 5 U.S.C. 8432c.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 335. TRANSFER ALLOWANCE FOR FAMILIES OF DECEASED FOREIGN SERVICE 
                    PERSONNEL.

    Section 5922 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: * * * \61\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \61\ See 5 U.S.C. 5922(f).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 336. PARENTAL CHOICE IN EDUCATION.

    Section 5924(4) of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended--* * * \62\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \62\ See 5 U.S.C. 5924(4).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 337. MEDICAL EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE.

    Section 5927 of title 5, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows: * * * \63\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \63\ See 5 U.S.C. 5927.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 338.\64\ REPORT CONCERNING FINANCIAL DISADVANTAGES FOR 
                    ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that administrative and 
technical personnel posted to United States missions abroad who 
do not have diplomatic status suffer financial disadvantages 
from their lack of such status.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \64\ 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State should submit a 
report to the appropriate congressional committees concerning 
the extent to which administrative and technical personnel 
posted to United States missions abroad who do not have 
diplomatic status suffer financial disadvantages from their 
lack of such status, including proposals to alleviate such 
disadvantages.

SEC. 339. STATE DEPARTMENT INSPECTOR GENERAL AND PERSONNEL 
                    INVESTIGATIONS.

    (a) Amendment of the Foreign Service Act of 1980.--Section 
209(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3929(c)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Investigations.--
                  ``(A) Conduct of investigations.--In 
                conducting investigations of potential 
                violations of Federal criminal law or Federal 
                regulations, the Inspector General shall--
                          ``(i) abide by professional standards 
                        applicable to Federal law enforcement 
                        agencies; and
                          ``(ii) make every reasonable effort 
                        to permit each subject of an 
                        investigation an opportunity to provide 
                        exculpatory information.
                  ``(B) Final reports of investigations.--In 
                order to ensure that final reports of 
                investigations are thorough and accurate, the 
                Inspector General shall--
                          ``(i) make every reasonable effort to 
                        ensure that any person named in a final 
                        report of investigation has been 
                        afforded an opportunity to refute any 
                        allegation of wrongdoing or assertion 
                        with respect to a material fact made 
                        regarding that person's actions;
                          ``(ii) include in every final report 
                        of investigation any exculpatory 
                        information, as well as any inculpatory 
                        information, that has been discovered 
                        in the course of the investigation.''.
    (b) Annual Report.--Section 209(d)(2) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3929(d)(2)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
        (D);
          (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph 
        (E) and inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following 
        new subparagraph:
                  ``(F) a notification, which may be included, 
                if necessary, in the classified portion of the 
                report, of any instance in a case that was 
                closed during the period covered by the report 
                when the Inspector General decided not to 
                afford an individual the opportunity described 
                in subsection (c)(5)(B)(i) to refute any 
                allegation and the rationale for denying such 
                individual that opportunity.''.
    (c) \65\ Statutory Construction.--Nothing in the amendments 
made by this section may be construed to modify--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \65\ 22 U.S.C. 3929 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) section 209(d)(4) of the Foreign Service Act of 
        1980 (22 U.S.C. 3929(d)(4));
          (2) section 7(b) of the Inspector General Act of 1978 
        (5 U.S.C. app.);
          (3) the Privacy Act of 1974 (5 U.S.C. 552a);
          (4) the provisions of section 2302(b)(8) of title 5 
        (relating to whistleblower protection);
          (5) rule 6(e) of the Federal Rules of Criminal 
        Procedure (relating to the protection of grand jury 
        information); or
          (6) any statute or executive order pertaining to the 
        protection of classified information.
    (d) \65\ No Grievance or Right of Action.--A failure to 
comply with the amendments made by this section shall not give 
rise to any private right of action in any court or to an 
administrative complaint or grievance under any law.
    (e) \65\ Effective Date.--The amendments made by this 
section shall apply to cases opened on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 340. STUDY OF COMPENSATION FOR SURVIVORS OF TERRORIST ATTACKS 
                    OVERSEAS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the President shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees on the benefits and compensation paid 
to the survivors and personal representatives of the United 
States Government employees (including those in the uniformed 
services and Foreign Service National employees) killed in the 
performance of duty abroad as result of terrorist acts. All 
appropriate United States Government agencies shall contribute 
to the preparation of the report. The report shall include a 
comparison of benefits available to military and civilian 
employees and should include any recommendations for additional 
or other types of benefits or compensation.

SEC. 341. PRESERVATION OF DIVERSITY IN REORGANIZATION.

    Section 1613(c) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the 
Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended by inserting after 
the first sentence the following * * * \66\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \66\ For amended text, see page 896.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

   TITLE IV--UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL 
                             PROGRAMS \67\

          * * * * * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \67\ For titles IV and V, relating to U.S. informational, 
educational, and cultural programs, and U.S. international broadcasting 
activities, see beginning at page 1476.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

   TITLE V--UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACTIVITIES \67\

     TITLE VI--EMBASSY SECURITY AND COUNTERTERRORISM MEASURES \68\

          * * * * * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \68\ Title VI, relating to embassy security and counterterrorism, 
may be found beginning at page 1151.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

         TITLE VII--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMISSIONS

 Subtitle A--International Organizations Other than the United Nations

SEC. 701. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO REFLECT REDESIGNATION OF CERTAIN 
                    INTERPARLIAMENTARY GROUPS.

    (a) Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue.--Section 109(c) of 
the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 
and 1985 (22 U.S.C. 276 note) is amended by striking ``United 
States-European Community Interparliamentary Group'' and 
inserting ``Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue (United States-
European Union Interparliamentary Group)''.
    (b) NATO Parliamentary Assembly--
          (1) In general.--The joint resolution entitled 
        ``Joint Resolution to authorize participation by the 
        United States in parliamentary conferences of the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization'', approved July 11, 1956 
        (22 U.S.C. 1928a et seq.), is amended in sections 2, 3, 
        and 4 (22 U.S.C. 1928b, 1928c, and 1928d, respectively) 
        by striking ``North Atlantic Assembly'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``NATO Parliamentary Assembly''.
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 105(b) of the 
        Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
        276c-1) is amended by striking ``North Atlantic 
        Assembly'' and inserting ``NATO Parliamentary 
        Assembly''.
          (3) References.--In the case of any provision of law 
        having application on or after May 31, 1999 (other than 
        a provision of law specified in subparagraphs (A) or 
        (B)), any reference contained in that provision to the 
        North Atlantic Assembly shall, on and after that date, 
        be considered to be a reference to the NATO 
        Parliamentary Assembly.

SEC. 702.\69\ AUTHORITY OF THE INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER 
                    COMMISSION TO ASSIST STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) Authority.--The Commissioner of the United States 
section of the International Boundary and Water Commission may 
provide technical tests, evaluations, information, surveys, or 
others similar services to State or local governments upon the 
request of such State or local government on a reimbursable 
basis.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \69\ 22 U.S.C. 277h.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Reimbursements.--Reimbursements shall be paid in 
advance of the goods or services ordered and shall be for the 
estimated or actual cost as determined by the United States 
section of the International Boundary and Water Commission. 
Proper adjustment of amounts paid in advance shall be made as 
determined by the United States section of the International 
Boundary and Water Commission on the basis of the actual cost 
of goods or services provided. Reimbursements received by the 
United States section of the International Boundary and Water 
Commission for providing services under this section shall be 
credited to the appropriation from which the cost of providing 
the services is charged.

SEC. 703. INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION.

    Section 2(b) of the American-Mexican Chamizal Convention 
Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-300; 22 U.S.C. 277d-18(b)) is 
amended by inserting ``operations, maintenance, and'' after 
``cost of''.

SEC. 704.\70\ SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON UNITED STATES SUPPORT FOR 
                    MEMBERSHIP OR PARTICIPATION OF TAIWAN IN 
                    INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter 
for fiscal years 2000 and 2001, the Secretary of State shall 
submit to Congress a report in a classified and unclassified 
manner on the status of efforts by the United States Government 
to support--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \70\ 22 U.S.C. 3303 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) the membership of Taiwan in international 
        organizations that do not require statehood as a 
        prerequisite to such membership; and
          (2) the appropriate level of participation by Taiwan 
        in international organizations that may require 
        statehood as a prerequisite to full membership.
    (b) Report Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) 
shall--
          (1) set forth a comprehensive list of the 
        international organizations in which the United States 
        Government supports the membership or participation of 
        Taiwan;
          (2) describe in detail the efforts of the United 
        States Government to achieve the membership or 
        participation of Taiwan in each organization listed; 
        and
          (3) identify the obstacles to the membership or 
        participation of Taiwan in each organization listed, 
        including a list of any governments that do not support 
        the membership or participation of Taiwan in each such 
        organization.

SEC. 705.\71\ RESTRICTION RELATING TO UNITED STATES ACCESSION TO THE 
                    INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT.

    (a) Prohibition.--The United States shall not become a 
party to the International Criminal Court except pursuant to a 
treaty made under Article II, section 2, clause 2 of the 
Constitution of the United States on or after the date of 
enactment of this Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \71\ 22 U.S.C. 262-1 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this or any other Act may be obligated for use 
by, or for support of, the International Criminal Court unless 
the United States has become a party to the Court pursuant to a 
treaty made under Article II, section 2, clause 2 of the 
Constitution of the United States on or after the date of 
enactment of this Act.
    (c) International Criminal Court Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``International Criminal Court'' means the court 
established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal 
Court, adopted by the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of 
Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International 
Criminal Court on July 17, 1998.

SEC. 706.\71\ PROHIBITION ON EXTRADITION OR TRANSFER OF UNITED STATES 
                    CITIZENS TO THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT.

    (a) Prohibition on Extradition.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available by 
this or any other Act may be used to extradite a United States 
citizen to a foreign country that is under an obligation to 
surrender persons to the International Criminal Court unless 
that foreign country confirms to the United States that 
applicable prohibitions on reextradition apply to such 
surrender or gives other satisfactory assurances to the United 
States that the country will not extradite or otherwise 
transfer that citizen to the International Criminal Court.
    (b) Prohibition on Consent to Extradition by Third 
Countries.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available by this or any other Act may be used 
to provide consent to the extradition or transfer of a United 
States citizen by a foreign country to a third country that is 
under an obligation to surrender persons to the International 
Criminal Court, unless the third country confirms to the United 
States that applicable prohibitions on reextradition apply to 
such surrender or gives other satisfactory assurances to the 
United States that the third country will not extradite or 
otherwise transfer that citizen to the International Criminal 
Court.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``International 
Criminal Court'' has the meaning given the term in section 
705(c) of this Act.

SEC. 707. REQUIREMENT FOR REPORTS REGARDING FOREIGN TRAVEL.

    Section 2505 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (as contained in division G of Public 
Law 105-277) is amended--* * * \72\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \72\ For amended text, see page 303.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 708. UNITED STATES REPRESENTATION AT THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC 
                    ENERGY AGENCY.

    (a) Amendment to the United Nations Participation Act of 
1945.--Section 2(h) of the United Nations Participation Act of 
1945 (22 U.S.C. 287(h)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: * * * \73\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \73\ For amended text, see vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Amendment to the IAEA Participation Act of 1957.--
Section 2(a) of the International Atomic Energy Agency 
Participation Act of 1957 (22 U.S.C. 2021(a)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: * * * \74\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \74\ For amended text, see vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
and (b) shall apply to individuals appointed on or after the 
date of enactment of this Act.

               Subtitle B--United Nations Activities \75\

SEC. 721.\76\ UNITED NATIONS POLICY ON ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIANS.

    (a) Congressional Statement.--It shall be the policy of the 
United States to promote an end to the persistent inequity 
experienced by Israel in the United Nations whereby Israel is 
the only longstanding member of the organization to be denied 
acceptance into any of the United Nations regional blocs.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \75\ See legislation pertaining to the United Nations and other 
international organizations, Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 
2005, vol. II-B.
    \76\ 22 U.S.C. 287 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Policy on Abolition of Certain United Nations Groups.--
It shall be the policy of the United States to seek the 
abolition of certain United Nations groups the existence of 
which is inimical to the ongoing Middle East peace process, 
those groups being the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli 
Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People 
and other Arabs of the Occupied Territories; the Committee on 
the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian 
People; the Division for the Palestinian Rights; and the 
Division on Public Information on the Question of Palestine.
    (c) Annual Reports.--On January 15 of each year, the 
Secretary of State shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees (in classified or unclassified form as 
appropriate) on--
          (1) actions taken by representatives of the United 
        States to encourage the nations of the Western Europe 
        and Others Group (WEOG) to accept Israel into their 
        regional bloc;
          (2) other measures being undertaken, and which will 
        be undertaken, to ensure and promote Israel's full and 
        equal participation in the United Nations; and
          (3) steps taken by the United States under subsection 
        (b) to secure abolition by the United Nations of groups 
        described in that subsection.
    (d) Annual Consultation.--At the time of the submission of 
each annual report under subsection (c), the Secretary of State 
shall consult with the appropriate congressional committees on 
specific responses received by the Secretary of State from each 
of the nations of the Western Europe and Others Group (WEOG) on 
their position concerning Israel's acceptance into their 
organization.

SEC. 722. DATA ON COSTS INCURRED IN SUPPORT OF UNITED NATIONS 
                    PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

    Chapter 6 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
(22 U.S.C. 2348 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following: * * * \77\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \77\ Sec. 722 added a new sec. 554 to the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961. See Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 723. REIMBURSEMENT FOR GOODS AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE UNITED 
                    STATES TO THE UNITED NATIONS.

    The United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section: * * * \78\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \78\ Sec. 723 added a new sec. 10 to the United Nations 
Participation Act of 1945; see. vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 724. CODIFICATION OF REQUIRED NOTICE OF PROPOSED UNITED NATIONS 
                    PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS. * * * \79\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \79\ Subsecs. (a) and (b) of this sec. amended sec. 4 of the United 
Nations Participation Act of 1945. Sec. 724(a)(2) repealed sec. 407(a) 
of Public Law 103-236, relating to consultations and reports to 
Congress on U.N. peacekeeping operations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 801.\80\ DENIAL OF ENTRY INTO UNITED STATES OF FOREIGN NATIONALS 
                    ENGAGED IN ESTABLISHMENT OR ENFORCEMENT OF FORCED 
                    ABORTION OR STERILIZATION POLICY.

    (a) Denial of Entry.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, the Secretary of State may not issue any visa to, and 
the Attorney General may not admit to the United States, any 
foreign national whom the Secretary finds, based on credible 
and specific information, to have been directly involved in the 
establishment or enforcement of population control policies 
forcing a woman to undergo an abortion against her free choice 
or forcing a man or woman to undergo sterilization against his 
or her free choice, unless the Secretary has substantial 
grounds for believing that the foreign national has 
discontinued his or her involvement with, and support for, such 
policies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \80\ 8 U.S.C. 1182e.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Exceptions.--The prohibitions in subsection (a) shall 
not apply in the case of a foreign national who is a head of 
state, head of government, or cabinet level minister.
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of State may waive the 
prohibitions in subsection (a) with respect to a foreign 
national if the Secretary--
          (1) determines that it is important to the national 
        interest of the United States to do so; and
          (2) provides written notification to the appropriate 
        congressional committees containing a justification for 
        the waiver.

SEC. 802. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Section 1422(b)(3)(B) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act (as contained in division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-792) is amended by striking 
``divisionAct'' and inserting ``division''.
    (b) Section 1002(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act (as contained in division G of Public Law 
105-277; 112 Stat. 2681-762) is amended by striking paragraph 
(3).
    (c) The table of contents of division G of Public Law 105-
277 (112 Stat. 2681-762) is amended by striking ``division_'' 
and inserting ``division g''.
    (d) Section 305 of Public Law 97-446 (19 U.S.C 2604) is 
amended in the first sentence by striking ``Secretary'' the 
first place it appears and inserting ``Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of State,''.

SEC. 803. REPORTS WITH RESPECT TO A REFERENDUM ON WESTERN SAHARA.

    (a) Reports Required.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than each of the dates 
        specified in paragraph (2), the Secretary of State 
        shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
        committees describing specific steps being taken by the 
        Government of Morocco and by the Popular Front for the 
        Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro 
        (POLISARIO) to ensure that a free, fair, and 
        transparent referendum in which the people of the 
        Western Sahara will choose between independence and 
        integration with Morocco will be held by July 2000.
          (2) Deadlines for submission of reports.--The dates 
        referred to in paragraph (1) are January 1, 2000, and 
        June 1, 2000.
    (b) Report Elements.--The report shall include--
          (1) a description of preparations for the referendum, 
        including the extent to which free access to the 
        territory for independent international organizations, 
        including election observers and international media, 
        will be guaranteed;
          (2) a description of current efforts by the 
        Department of State to ensure that a referendum will be 
        held by July 2000;
          (3) an assessment of the likelihood that the July 
        2000 date will be met;
          (4) a description of obstacles, if any, to the voter 
        registration process and other preparations for the 
        referendum, and efforts being made by the parties and 
        the United States Government to overcome those 
        obstacles; and
          (5) an assessment of progress being made in the 
        repatriation process.

SEC. 804. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS UNDER PLO COMMITMENTS COMPLIANCE ACT 
                    OF 1989.

    The PLO Commitments Compliance Act of 1989 is amended * * * 
\81\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \81\ For amended text, see page 488.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 805.\82\ REPORT ON TERRORIST ACTIVITY IN WHICH UNITED STATES 
                    CITIZENS WERE KILLED AND RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than May 1, 2003, and not later 
than May 1, 2004,\83\ the Secretary of State shall prepare and 
submit a report, with a classified annex as necessary, to the 
appropriate congressional committees regarding terrorist 
attacks in Israel, in territory administered by Israel, and in 
territory administered by the Palestinian Authority. The report 
shall contain the following information:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \82\ 22 U.S.C. 2656f note.
    \83\ Sec. 216(c) of the Department of State Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (division A of Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1367), 
struck out ``Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act and every 6 months thereafter until October 1, 2001,'' and 
inserted in lieu thereof ``Not later than May 1, 2003, and not later 
than May 1, 2004,''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) A list of formal commitments the Palestinian 
        Authority has made to combat terrorism.
          (2) A list of terrorist attacks, occurring between 
        September 13, 1993 and the date of the report, against 
        United States citizens in Israel, in territory 
        administered by Israel, or in territory administered by 
        the Palestinian Authority, including--
                  (A) a list of all citizens of the United 
                States killed or injured in such attacks;
                  (B) the date of each attack and the total 
                number of people killed or injured in each 
                attack;
                  (C) the person or group claiming 
                responsibility for the attack and where such 
                person or group has found refuge or support;
                  (D) a list of suspects implicated in each 
                attack and the nationality of each suspect, 
                including information on--
                          (i) which suspects are in the custody 
                        of the Palestinian Authority and which 
                        suspects are in the custody of Israel;
                          (ii) which suspects are still at 
                        large in areas controlled by the 
                        Palestinian Authority or Israel; and
                          (iii) the whereabouts (or suspected 
                        whereabouts) of suspects implicated in 
                        each attack.
          (3) Of the suspects implicated in the attacks 
        described in paragraph (2) and detained by Palestinian 
        or Israeli authorities, information on--
                  (A) the date each suspect was incarcerated;
                  (B) whether any suspects have been released, 
                the date of such release, and whether any 
                released suspect was implicated in subsequent 
                acts of terrorism; and
                  (C) the status of each case pending against a 
                suspect, including information on whether the 
                suspect has been indicted, prosecuted, or 
                convicted by the Palestinian Authority or 
                Israel.
          (4) The policy of the Department of State with 
        respect to offering rewards for information on 
        terrorist suspects, including any information on 
        whether a reward has been posted for suspects involved 
        in terrorist attacks listed in the report.
          (5) A list of each request by the United States for 
        assistance in investigating terrorist attacks listed in 
        the report, a list of each request by the United States 
        for the transfer of terrorist suspects from the 
        Palestinian Authority and Israel since September 13, 
        1993, and the response to each request from the 
        Palestinian Authority and Israel.
          (6) A description of efforts made by United States 
        officials since September 13, 1993 to bring to justice 
        perpetrators of terrorist acts against United States 
        citizens as listed in the report.
          (7) A list of any terrorist suspects in these cases 
        who are members of Palestinian police or security 
        forces, the Palestine Liberation Organization, or any 
        Palestinian governing body.
          (8) A list of all United States citizens killed or 
        injured in terrorist attacks in Israel or in territory 
        administered by Israel between 1950 and September 13, 
        1993, to include in each case, where such information 
        is reasonably available, any stated claim of 
        responsibility and the resolution or disposition of 
        each case, except that this list shall be submitted 
        only once with the initial report required under this 
        section unless additional relevant information on these 
        cases becomes available.
    (b) Consultation with Other Departments.--The Secretary of 
State shall, in preparing the report required by this section, 
consult and coordinate with all other Government officials who 
have information necessary to complete the report. Nothing 
contained in this section shall require the disclosure, on a 
classified or unclassified basis, of information that would 
jeopardize sensitive sources and methods or other vital 
national security interests or jeopardize ongoing criminal 
investigations or proceedings.
    (c) Initial Report.--Except as provided in subsection 
(a)(8), the initial report filed under this section shall cover 
the period between September 13, 1993 and the date of the 
report.

SEC. 806. ANNUAL REPORTING ON WAR CRIMES, CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, AND 
                    GENOCIDE. * * * \84\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \84\ Sec. 806 amended secs. 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961; see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2005, vol. I-
A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                Subtitle B--North Korea Threat Reduction

SEC. 821. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``North Korea Threat 
Reduction Act of 1999''.

SEC. 822. RESTRICTIONS ON NUCLEAR COOPERATION WITH NORTH KOREA.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law 
or any international agreement, no agreement for cooperation 
(as defined in sec. 11 b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 
U.S.C. 2014 b.)) between the United States and North Korea may 
become effective, no license may be issued for export directly 
or indirectly to North Korea of any nuclear material, 
facilities, components, or other goods, services, or technology 
that would be subject to such agreement, and no approval may be 
given for the transfer or retransfer directly or indirectly to 
North Korea of any nuclear material, facilities, components, or 
other goods, services, or technology that would be subject to 
such agreement, until the President determines and reports to 
the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate that--
          (1) North Korea has come into full compliance with 
        its safeguards agreement with the IAEA (INFCIRC/403), 
        and has taken all steps that have been deemed necessary 
        by the IAEA in this regard;
          (2) North Korea has permitted the IAEA full access to 
        all additional sites and all information (including 
        historical records) deemed necessary by the IAEA to 
        verify the accuracy and completeness of North Korea's 
        initial report of May 4, 1992, to the IAEA on all 
        nuclear sites and material in North Korea;
          (3) North Korea is in full compliance with its 
        obligations under the Agreed Framework;
          (4) North Korea has consistently taken steps to 
        implement the Joint Declaration on Denuclearization, 
        and is in full compliance with its obligations under 
        numbered paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of the Joint 
        Declaration on Denuclearization (excluding in the case 
        of numbered paragraph 3 facilities frozen pursuant to 
        the Agreed Framework);
          (5) North Korea does not have uranium enrichment or 
        nuclear reprocessing facilities (excluding facilities 
        frozen pursuant to the Agreed Framework), and is making 
        no significant progress toward acquiring or developing 
        such facilities;
          (6) North Korea does not have nuclear weapons and is 
        making no significant effort to acquire, develop, test, 
        produce, or deploy such weapons; and
          (7) the transfer to North Korea of key nuclear 
        components, under the proposed agreement for 
        cooperation with North Korea and in accordance with the 
        Agreed Framework, is in the national interest of the 
        United States.
    (b) Construction.--The restrictions contained in subsection 
(a) shall apply in addition to all other applicable procedures, 
requirements, and restrictions contained in the Atomic Energy 
Act of 1954 and other laws.

SEC. 823. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
          (1) Agreed framework.--The term ``Agreed Framework'' 
        means the ``Agreed Framework Between the United States 
        of America and the Democratic People's Republic of 
        Korea'', signed in Geneva on October 21, 1994, and the 
        Confidential Minute to that Agreement.
          (2) IAEA.--The term ``IAEA'' means the International 
        Atomic Energy Agency.
          (3) North korea.--The term ``North Korea'' means the 
        Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
          (4) Joint declaration on denuclearization.--The term 
        ``Joint Declaration on Denuclearization'' means the 
        Joint Declaration on the Denuclearization of the Korean 
        Peninsula, issued by the Republic of Korea and the 
        Democratic People's Republic of Korea on January 1, 
        1992.

                 Subtitle C--People's Republic of China

SEC. 871. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
          (1) Congress concurs in the conclusions of the 
        Department of State, as set forth in the Country 
        Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1998, on human 
        rights in the People's Republic of China in 1998 as 
        follows:
                  (A) ``The People's Republic of China (PRC) is 
                an authoritarian state in which the Chinese 
                Communist Party (CCP) is the paramount source 
                of power. . . . Citizens lack both the freedom 
                peacefully to express opposition to the party-
                led political system and the right to change 
                their national leaders or form of 
                government.''.
                  (B) ``The Government continued to commit 
                widespread and well-documented human rights 
                abuses, in violation of internationally 
                accepted norms. These abuses stemmed from the 
                authorities' very limited tolerance of public 
                dissent aimed at the Government, fear of 
                unrest, and the limited scope or inadequate 
                implementation of laws protecting basic 
                freedoms.''.
                  (C) ``Abuses included instances of 
                extrajudicial killings, torture and 
                mistreatment of prisoners, forced confessions, 
                arbitrary arrest and detention, lengthy 
                incommunicado detention, and denial of due 
                process.''.
                  (D) ``Prison conditions at most facilities 
                remained harsh. . . . The Government infringed 
                on citizens' privacy rights. The Government 
                continued restrictions on freedom of speech and 
                of the press, and tightened these toward the 
                end of the year. The Government severely 
                restricted freedom of assembly, and continued 
                to restrict freedom of association, religion, 
                and movement.''.
                  (E) ``Discrimination against women, 
                minorities, and the disabled; violence against 
                women, including coercive family planning 
                practices--which sometimes include forced 
                abortion and forced sterilization; 
                prostitution, trafficking in women and 
                children, and the abuse of children all are 
                problems.''.
                  (F) ``The Government continued to restrict 
                tightly worker rights, and forced labor remains 
                a problem.''.
                  (G) ``Serious human rights abuses persisted 
                in minority areas, including Tibet and 
                Xinjiang, where restrictions on religion and 
                other fundamental freedoms intensified.''.
                  (H) ``Unapproved religious groups, including 
                Protestant and Catholic groups, continued to 
                experience varying degrees of official 
                interference and repression.''.
                  (I) ``Although the Government denies that it 
                holds political or religious prisoners, and 
                argues that all those in prison are 
                legitimately serving sentences for crimes under 
                the law, an unknown number of persons, 
                estimated at several thousand, are detained in 
                violation of international human rights 
                instruments for peacefully expressing their 
                political, religious, or social views.''.
          (2) In addition to the State Department, credible 
        press reports and human rights organizations have 
        documented an intense crackdown on political activists 
        by the Government of the People's Republic of China, 
        involving the harassment, detainment, arrest, and 
        imprisonment of dozens of activists.
          (3) The People's Republic of China, as a member of 
        the United Nations, is expected to abide by the 
        provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human 
        Rights.
          (4) The People's Republic of China is a party to 
        numerous international human rights conventions, 
        including the Convention Against Torture and Other 
        Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 
        and is a signatory to the International Covenant on 
        Civil and Political Rights and the Covenant on 
        Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.

SEC. 872. FUNDING FOR ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL AT DIPLOMATIC POSTS TO 
                    REPORT ON POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, AND HUMAN RIGHTS 
                    MATTERS IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of State by this Act, $2,200,000 for fiscal year 
2000 and $2,200,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be made 
available only to support additional personnel in the United 
States Embassies in Beijing and Kathmandu, as well as the 
American consulates in Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenyang, Chengdu, 
and Hong Kong, in order to monitor political and social 
conditions, with particular emphasis on respect for, and 
violations of, internationally recognized human rights, in the 
People's Republic of China.

SEC. 873.\85\ PRISONER INFORMATION REGISTRY FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC 
                    OF CHINA.

    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of State shall establish 
and maintain a registry which shall, to the extent practicable, 
provide information on all political prisoners, prisoners of 
conscience, and prisoners of faith in the People's Republic of 
China. The registry shall be known as the ``Prisoner 
Information Registry for the People's Republic of China''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \85\ 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Information in Registry.--The registry required by 
subsection (a) shall include information on the charges, 
judicial processes, administrative actions, uses of forced 
labor, incidents of torture, lengths of imprisonment, physical 
and health conditions, and other matters associated with the 
incarceration of prisoners in the People's Republic of China 
referred to in that subsection.
    (c) Availability of Funds.--The Secretary may make a grant 
to nongovernmental organizations currently engaged in 
monitoring activities regarding political prisoners in the 
People's Republic of China in order to assist in the 
establishment and maintenance of the registry required by 
subsection (a).

                 TITLE IX--ARREARS PAYMENTS AND REFORM

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 901. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``United Nations Reform Act 
of 1999''.\86\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \86\ For the United Nations Reform Act of 1999, see vol. II-B.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          * * * * * * *

  DIVISION B--ARMS CONTROL, NONPROLIFERATION, AND SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
                               PROVISIONS

SEC. 1001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Arms Control, 
Nonproliferation, and Security Assistance Act of 1999''.\87\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \87\ The Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Security Assistance 
Act of 1999 includes the Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 1999, 
National Security and Corporate Fairness under the Biological Weapons 
Convention Act, and the Proliferation Prevention Enhancement Act of 
1999, all of which may be found in the arms control section, vol. II-b.
    The Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Security Assistance Act of 
1999 also includes the Security Assistance Act of 1999, Defense Offsets 
Disclosure Act of 1999, and International Arms Sales Code of Conduct 
Act of 1999, all of which may be found in Legislation on Foreign 
Relations Through 2005, vol. I-A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          * * * * * * *
   j. Rewards for Information Concerning Violations of International 
             Humanitarian Law--Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda

    Partial text of Public Law 105-323 [H.R. 4660], 112 Stat. 3029, 
approved October 30, 1998; as amended by Public Law 106-277 [S. 2460], 
    114 Stat. 813, approved October 2, 2000; and Public Law 107-228 
[Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003; H.R. 1646], 116 
                Stat. 1350, approved September 30, 2002

 AN ACT To amend the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to 
provide rewards for information leading to the arrest or conviction of 
 any individual for the commission of an act, or conspiracy to act, of 
  international terrorism, narcotics related offenses, or for serious 
  violations of international humanitarian law relating to the Former 
                  Yugoslavia, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled,

              TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE REWARDS PROGRAM

SEC. 101. REVISION OF PROGRAM.

    Section 36 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708) is amended to read as follows: * * * \1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ For amended text see page 38.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 102.\2\ REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING INDIVIDUALS SOUGHT FOR 
                    SERIOUS VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN 
                    LAW RELATING TO THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA OR RWANDA.

    (a) Authority.--In the sole discretion of the Secretary of 
State (except as provided in subsection (b)(2)) and in 
consultation, as appropriate, with the Attorney General, the 
Secretary may pay a reward to any individual who furnishes 
information leading to--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ 22 U.S.C. 2708 note. Sec. 1(1) of Public Law 106-277 (114 Stat. 
813) added ``or rwanda'' to the section catchline.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) the arrest or conviction in any country; or
          (2) the transfer to, or conviction by, the Special 
        Court of Sierra Leone \3\ the International Criminal 
        Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia or the International 
        Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda,\4\ of any individual who 
        is the subject of an indictment confirmed by a judge of 
        such tribunal for serious violations of international 
        humanitarian law as defined under the statute of such 
        tribunal.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ Sec. 697(d)(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1418), inserted ``the 
Special Court of Sierra Leone'' after ``by,'', as enrolled omitting a 
comma or the word ``or'' after ``Sierra Leone''.
    \4\ Sec. 1(2) of Public Law 106-277 (114 Stat. 813) added ``or the 
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda'' after ``Yugoslavia''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Procedures.--
          (1) To ensure that the payment of rewards pursuant to 
        this section does not duplicate or interfere with the 
        payment of informants or the obtaining of evidence or 
        information, as authorized to the Department of 
        Justice, subject to paragraph (3), the offering, 
        administration, and payment of rewards under this 
        section, including procedures for--
                  (A) identifying individuals, organizations, 
                and offenses with respect to which rewards will 
                be offered;
                  (B) the publication of rewards;
                  (C) the offering of joint rewards with 
                foreign governments;
                  (D) the receipt and analysis of data; and
                  (E) the payment and approval of payment,
                shall be governed by procedures developed by 
                the Secretary of State, in consultation with 
                the Attorney General.
          (2) Before making a reward under this section in a 
        matter over which there is Federal criminal 
        jurisdiction, the Secretary of State shall obtain the 
        concurrence of the Attorney General.
          (3) Rewards under this section shall be subject to 
        any requirements or limitations that apply to rewards 
        under section 36 of the State Department Basic 
        Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708) with respect 
        to the ineligibility of government employees for 
        rewards, maximum reward amount, and procedures for the 
        approval and certification of rewards for payment.
    (c) Reference.--(1) \5\ For the purposes of subsection (a), 
the statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the 
Former Yugoslavia means the Annex to the Report of the 
Secretary General of the United Nations pursuant to paragraph 2 
of Security Council Resolution 827 (1993) (S/25704).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ Sec. 1(3) of Public Law 106-277 (114 Stat. 813) inserted para. 
designation ``(1)'', and added a new para. (2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (2) \5\ For the purposes of subsection (a), the statute of 
the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda means the 
statute contained in the annex to Security Council Resolution 
955 of November 8, 1994.
    (3) \6\ For the purposes of subsection (a), the Statute of 
the Special Court for Sierra Leone means the Statute contained 
in the Annex to the Agreement Between the United Nations and 
the Government of Sierra Leone on the Establishment of a 
Special Court for Sierra Leone.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\ Sec. 697(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 116 Stat. 1418), added para. (3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (d) Determination of the Secretary.--A determination made 
by the Secretary of State under this section shall be final and 
conclusive and shall not be subject to judicial review.
    (e) Priority.--Rewards under this section may be paid from 
funds authorized to carry out section 36 of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956. In the Administration 
and payment of rewards under the rewards program of section 36 
of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, the 
Secretary of State shall ensure that priority is given for 
payments to individuals described in section 36 of that Act and 
that funds paid under this section are paid only after any and 
all due and payable demands are met under section 36 of that 
Act.
    (f) Reports.--The Secretary shall inform the appropriate 
committees of rewards paid under this section in the same 
manner as required by section 36(g) of the State Department 
Basic Authorities Act of 1956.

     TITLE II--EXTRADITION TREATIES INTERPRETATION ACT OF 1998 \7\

          * * * * * * *
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ For text, see vol. II-B.
   k. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999

Partial text of Public Law 105-277 [Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency 
 Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; H.R. 4328], 112 Stat. 2681 at 
 2681-801, approved October 21, 1998; as amended by Public law 106-113 
[Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization 
 Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001; H.R. 3427], 113 Stat. 1536, approved 
      November 29, 1999; and Public Law 107-228 [Foreign Relation 
   Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003; H.R. 1646], 116 Stat. 1350, 
                      approved September 30, 2002

    DIVISION G--FOREIGN AFFAIRS REFORM AND RESTRUCTURING ACT OF 1998

SEC. 1001.\1\ SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Foreign Affairs Reform 
and Restructuring Act of 1998''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ 22 U.S.C. 6501 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 1002. ORGANIZATION OF DIVISION INTO SUBDIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                    CONTENTS.

    (a) \2\ Divisions.--This division is organized into three 
subdivisions as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ Sec. 802(b) of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (H.R. 
3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 
113 Stat. 1501A-468), struck out para. (3) of this subsec., which had 
referred to a subdivision K--United Nations Reform Act of 1998.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (1) Subdivision a.--Foreign Affairs Agencies 
        Consolidation Act of 1998.
          (2) Subdivision b.--Foreign Relations Authorization 
        Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this 
division is as follows:

                                                                    Page

    DIVISION G--FOREIGN AFFAIRS REFORM AND RESTRUCTURING ACT OF 1998

Sec. 1001. Short title............................................   274
Sec. 1002. Organization of division into subdivisions; table of 
    contents......................................................   274

        Subdivision A--Consolidation of Foreign Affairs Agencies

     * * * * * * *

             Subdivision B--Foreign Relations Authorization

                      TITLE XX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title............................................   277
Sec. 2002. Definition of appropriate congressional committees.....   277

   TITLE XXI--AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Sec. 2101. Administration of foreign affairs......................   277
Sec. 2102. International commissions..............................   280
Sec. 2103. Grants to The Asia Foundation..........................   281
Sec. 2104. Voluntary contributions to international organizations.   281
Sec. 2105. Voluntary contributions to peacekeeping operations.....   283
Sec. 2106. Limitation on United States voluntary contributions to 
    United Nations Development Program............................   284

       TITLE XXII--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

                  Chapter 1--Authorities and Activities

Sec. 2201. Reimbursement of Department of State for assistance to 
    overseas educational facilities [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2202. Revision of Department of State rewards program [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 2203. Retention of additional defense trade controls 
    registration fees [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2204. Fees for commercial services [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2205. Pilot program for foreign affairs reimbursement........   285
Sec. 2206. Fee for use of diplomatic reception rooms [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 2207. Budget presentation documents [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 2208. Office of the Inspector General........................   286
Sec. 2209. Capital Investment Fund [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2210. Contracting for local guards services overseas [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 2211. Authority of the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2212. Expenses relating to certain international claims and 
    proceedings...................................................   287
Sec. 2213. Grants to remedy international abductions of children 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2214. Counterdrug and anticrime activities of the Department 
    of State......................................................   287
Sec. 2215. Annual report on overseas surplus properties [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 2216. Human rights reports [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2217. Reports and policy concerning diplomatic immunity 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2218. Reaffirming United States international 
    telecommunications policy.....................................   290
Sec. 2219. Reduction of reporting.................................   290

       Chapter 2--Consular Authorities of the Department of State

Sec. 2221. Use of certain passport processing fees for enhanced 
    passport services.............................................   291
Sec. 2222. Consular officers......................................   291
Sec. 2223. Repeal of outdated consular receipt requirements.......   293
Sec. 2224. Elimination of duplicate Federal Register publication 
    for travel advisories.........................................   293
Sec. 2225. Denial of visas to confiscators of American property...   293
Sec. 2226. Inadmissibility of any alien supporting an 
    international child abductor..................................   293

                    Chapter 3--Refugees and Migration

               SUBCHAPTER A--AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

Sec. 2231. Migration and refugee assistance.......................   294

                         SUBCHAPTER B--AUTHORITIES

Sec. 2241. United States policy regarding the involuntary return 
    of refugees...................................................   295
Sec. 2242. United States policy with respect to the involuntary 
    return of persons in danger of subjection to torture..........   296
Sec. 2243. Reprogramming of migration and refugee assistance funds 
    [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2244. Eligibility for refugee status [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 2245. Reports to Congress concerning Cuban emigration 
    policies......................................................   297

  TITLE XXIII--ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE; DEPARTMENT OF 
                  STATE PERSONNEL; THE FOREIGN SERVICE

           Chapter 1--Organization of the Department of State

Sec. 2301. Coordinator for Counterterrorism.......................   297
Sec. 2302. Elimination of Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for 
    Burdensharing.................................................   297
Sec. 2303. Personnel management [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2304. Diplomatic security [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2305. Number of senior official positions authorized for the 
    Department of State...........................................   298
Sec. 2306. Nomination of Under Secretaries and Assistant 
    Secretaries of State [amends other legislation]

  Chapter 2--Personnel of the Department of State; the Foreign Service

Sec. 2311. Foreign Service reform.................................   298
Sec. 2312. Retirement benefits for involuntary separation [amends 
    other legislation]
Sec. 2313. Authority of Secretary to separate convicted felons 
    from the Foreign Service [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2314. Career counseling [amends other legislation]
Sec. 2315. Limitations on management assignments [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 2316. Availability pay for certain criminal investigators 
    within the Diplomatic Security Service........................   299
Sec. 2317. Nonovertime differential pay...........................   300
Sec. 2318. Report concerning minorities and the Foreign Service...   300

   TITLE XXIV--UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL 
                        PROGRAMS [see page 1468]

               Chapter 1--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2401. International information activities and educational 
    and cultural exchange programs

                  Chapter 2--Authorities and Activities

Sec. 2411. Retention of interest
Sec. 2412. Use of selected program fees
Sec. 2413. Muskie Fellowship Program
Sec. 2414. Working Group on United States Government-Sponsored 
    International Exchanges and Training
Sec. 2415. Educational and cultural exchanges and scholarships for 
    Tibetans and Burmese
Sec. 2416. Surrogate broadcasting study
Sec. 2417. Radio broadcasting to Iran in the Farsi language
Sec. 2418. Authority to administer summer travel and work programs
Sec. 2419. Permanent administrative authorities regarding 
    appropriations
Sec. 2420. Voice of America broadcasts

    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OTHER THAN UNITED NATIONS

Sec. 2501. International conferences and contingencies............   301
Sec. 2502. Restriction relating to United States accession to any 
    new international criminal tribunal...........................   301
Sec. 2503. United States membership in the Bureau of the 
    Interparliamentary Union......................................   302
Sec. 2504. Service in international organizations.................   303
Sec. 2505. Reports regarding foreign travel.......................   303

      TITLE XXVI--UNITED STATES ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY

Sec. 2601. Authorization of appropriations........................   305
Sec. 2602. Statutory construction [amends other legislation]

       TITLE XXVII--EUROPEAN SECURITY ACT OF 1998 [see vol. II-B]

Sec. 2701. Short title
Sec. 2702. Statement of policy
Sec. 2703. Authorities relating to NATO enlargement
Sec. 2704. Sense of Congress with respect to the Treaty on 
    Conventional Armed Forces in Europe
Sec. 2705. Restrictions and requirements relating to ballistic 
    missile defense

              TITLE XXVIII--OTHER FOREIGN POLICY PROVISIONS

Sec. 2801. Reports on claims by United States firms against the 
    Government of Saudi Arabia....................................   305
Sec. 2802. Reports on determinations under title IV of the 
    Libertad Act..................................................   306
Sec. 2803. Report on compliance with the Hague Convention on 
    International Child Abduction.................................   307
Sec. 2804. Sense of Congress relating to recognition of the 
    Ecumenical Patriarchate by the Government of Turkey...........   308
Sec. 2805. Report on relations with Vietnam.......................   308
Sec. 2806. Reports and policy concerning human rights violations 
    in Laos.......................................................   309
Sec. 2807. Report on an alliance against narcotics trafficking in 
    the Western Hemisphere........................................   309
Sec. 2808. Congressional statement regarding the accession of 
    Taiwan to the World Trade Organization........................   310
Sec. 2809. Programs or projects of the International Atomic Energy 
    Agency in Cuba................................................   311
Sec. 2810. Limitation on assistance to countries aiding Cuba 
    nuclear development...........................................   312
Sec. 2811. International Fund for Ireland [amends other 
    legislation]
Sec. 2812. Support for democratic opposition in Iraq..............   313
Sec. 2813. Development of democracy in the Republic of Serbia.....   314

          * * * * * * *

             SUBDIVISION B--FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION

                      TITLE XX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 2001.\3\ SHORT TITLE.

    This subdivision may be cited as the ``Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\ 22 U.S.C. 2651 note.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2002. DEFINITION OF APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.

    In this subdivision, the term ``appropriate congressional 
committees'' means the Committee on International Relations of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate.

   TITLE XXI--AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF STATE

SEC. 2101. ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for 
the Department of State under ``Administration of Foreign 
Affairs'' to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
United States and for other purposes authorized by law, 
including the diplomatic security program:
          (1) \4\ Diplomatic and consular programs.--For 
        ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'', of the Department 
        of State $1,730,000,000 for the fiscal year 1998 and 
        $1,644,300,000 for the fiscal year 1999.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1998 (title IV of Public Law 105-119; 111 Stat. 2494), provided 
the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``diplomatic and consular programs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Department of State and the Foreign 
Service not otherwise provided for, including expenses authorized by 
the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, as amended; 
representation to certain international organizations in which the 
United States participates pursuant to treaties, ratified pursuant to 
the advice and consent of the Senate, or specific Acts of Congress; 
acquisition by exchange or purchase of passenger motor vehicles as 
authorized by 31 U.S.C. 1343, 40 U.S.C. 481(c), and 22 U.S.C. 2674; and 
for expenses of general administration; $1,705,600,000: Provided, That 
of the amount made available under this heading, not to exceed 
$4,000,000 may be transferred to, and merged with, funds in the 
`Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service' appropriations 
account, to be available only for emergency evacuations and terrorism 
rewards: Provided further, That notwithstanding section 140(a)(5), and 
the second sentence of section 140(a)(3), of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236), 
fees may be collected during fiscal years 1998 and 1999 under the 
authority of section 140(a)(1) of that Act: Provided further, That all 
fees collected under the preceding proviso shall be deposited in fiscal 
years 1998 and 1999 as an offsetting collection to appropriations made 
under this heading to recover costs as set forth under section 
140(a)(2) of that Act and shall remain available until expended.
    ``In addition to funds otherwise available, of the funds provided 
under this heading, $24,856,000 shall be available only for the 
Diplomatic Telecommunications Service for operation of existing base 
services and $17,312,000 shall be available only for the enhancement of 
the Diplomatic Telecommunications Service and shall remain available 
until expended.
    ``In addition, not to exceed $700,000 in registration fees 
collected pursuant to section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
amended, may be used in accordance with section 45 of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2717); in addition 
not to exceed $1,252,000 shall be derived from fees collected from 
other executive agencies for lease or use of facilities located at the 
International Center in accordance with section 4 of the International 
Center Act (Public Law 90-553), as amended, and in addition, as 
authorized by section 5 of such Act $490,000, to be derived from the 
reserve authorized by that section, to be used for the purposes set out 
in that section; and in addition not to exceed $15,000 which shall be 
derived from reimbursements, surcharges, and fees for use of Blair 
House facilities in accordance with section 46 of the State Department 
Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2718(a)).
    ``Notwithstanding section 402 of this Act, not to exceed 20 percent 
of the amounts made available in this Act in the appropriation accounts 
`Diplomatic and Consular Programs' and `Salaries and Expenses' under 
the heading ``Administration of Foreign Affairs' may be transferred 
between such appropriation accounts: Provided, That any transfer 
pursuant to this sentence shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds 
under section 605 of this Act and shall not be available for obligation 
or expenditure except in compliance with the procedures set forth in 
that section.
    ``In addition, for counterterrorism requirements overseas, 
including security guards and equipment, $23,700,000, to remain 
available until expended.''.
    For fiscal year 1999, the Department of State and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1999 (title IV of sec. 101(b) of Public Law 105-
277; 112 Stat. 2681-92), provided the following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

``diplomatic and consular programs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``For necessary expenses of the Department of State and the Foreign 
Service not otherwise provided for, including expenses authorized by 
the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, as amended; 
representation to certain international organizations in which the 
United States participates pursuant to treaties, ratified pursuant to 
the advice and consent of the Senate, or specific Acts of Congress; 
acquisition by exchange or purchase of passenger motor vehicles as 
authorized by 31 U.S.C. 1343, 40 U.S.C. 481(c), and 22 U.S.C. 2674; and 
for expenses of general administration, $1,644,300,000: Provided, That, 
of the amount made available under this heading, not to exceed 
$4,000,000 may be transferred to, and merged with, funds in the 
`Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service' appropriations 
account, to be available only for emergency evacuations and terrorism 
rewards: Provided further, That of the amount made available under this 
heading, $500,000 shall be available only for the National Law Center 
for Inter-American Free Trade: Provided further, That notwithstanding 
section 140(a)(5), and the second sentence of section 140(a)(3), of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public 
Law 103-236), fees may be collected during fiscal years 1999 and 2000 
under the authority of section 140(a)(1) of that Act: Provided further, 
That all fees collected under the preceding proviso shall be deposited 
in fiscal years 1999 and 2000 as an offsetting collection to 
appropriations made under this heading to recover costs as set forth 
under section 140(a)(2) of that Act and shall remain available until 
expended.
    ``In addition, not to exceed $1,252,000 shall be derived from fees 
collected from other executive agencies for lease or use of facilities 
located at the International Center in accordance with section 4 of the 
International Center Act (Public Law 90-553), as amended; in addition, 
as authorized by section 5 of such Act, $490,000, to be derived from 
the reserve authorized by that section, to be used for the purposes set 
out in that section; and, in addition, not to exceed $15,000, which 
shall be derived from reimbursements, surcharges, and fees for use of 
Blair House facilities in accordance with section 46 of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2718(a)).
    ``Notwithstanding section 402 of this Act, not to exceed 20 percent 
of the amounts made available in this Act in the appropriation accounts 
`Diplomatic and Consular Programs' and `Salaries and Expenses' under 
the heading `Administration of Foreign Affairs' may be transferred 
between such appropriation accounts: Provided, That any transfer 
pursuant to this sentence shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds 
under section 605 of this Act and shall not be available for obligation 
or expenditure except in compliance with the procedures set forth in 
that section.''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (2) \5\ Salaries and expenses.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ For fiscal year 1998, the Department of State and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (title IV of Public Law 105-119; 111 
Stat. 2494), provided $363,513,000 for ``Salaries and Expenses''.
    For fiscal year 1999, the Department of State and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1999 (title IV of sec. 101(b) of Public Law 105-
277; 112 Stat. 2681-93), provided $355,000,000 for ``Salaries and 
Expenses'', of which $813,333, ``shall be transferred to the 
Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United 
States''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  (A) Authorization of appropriations.--For 
                ``Salaries and Expenses'', of the Department of 
                State $363,513,000 for the fiscal year 1998 and 
                $355,000,000 for the fiscal year 1999.
                  (B) Limitations.--Of the amounts authorized 
                to be appropriated by subparagraph (A), 
                $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1998 and $2,000,000 
                for the fiscal year 1999 are authorized to be 
                appropriated only for the recruitment of 
                minorities for careers in the Foreign Service 
                and international affairs.
          (3) \6\ Capital investment fund.--For ``Capital 
        Investment Fund'', of the Department of State 
        $86,000,000 for the fiscal year 1998 and $80,000,000 
        for the fiscal year 1999.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1998 (title IV of Public Law 105-119; 111 Stat. 2495), provided 
$86,000,000'' for the ``Capital Investment Fund'' for fiscal year 1998.
    For fiscal year 1999, the Department of State and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1999 (title IV of sec. 101(b) of Public Law 105-
277; 112 Stat. 2681-93), provided $80,000,000.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (4) \7\ Security and maintenance of united states 
        missions.--For ``Security and Maintenance of United 
        States Missions'', $404,000,000 for the fiscal year 
        1998 and $403,561,000 for the fiscal year 1999.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1998 (title IV of Public Law 105-119; 111 Stat. 2496), provided 
$404,000,000 for ``Security and Maintenance of United States Missions'' 
for fiscal year 1998.
    For fiscal year 1999, the Department of State and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1999 (title IV of sec. 101(b) of Public Law 105-
277; 112 Stat. 2681-94), provided $403,561,000.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (5) \8\ Representation allowances.--For 
        ``Representation Allowances'', $4,200,000 for the 
        fiscal year 1998 and $4,350,000 for the fiscal year 
        1999.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1998 (title IV of Public Law 105-119; 111 Stat. 24946, provided 
$4,200,000 for ``Representation Allowances'' for fiscal year 1998.
    For fiscal year 1999, the Department of State and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1999 (title IV of sec. 101(b) of Public Law 105-
277; 112 Stat. 2681-94), provided $4,350,000.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (6) \9\ Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular 
        service.--For ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and 
        Consular Service'', $5,500,000 for the fiscal year 1998 
        and $5,500,000 for the fiscal year 1999.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\ The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1998 (title IV of Public Law 105-119; 111 Stat. 2496), provided 
$5,500,000 for ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service'' 
for fiscal year 1998.
    For fiscal year 1999, the Department of State and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1999 (title IV of sec. 101(b) of Public Law 105-
277; 112 Stat. 2681-94), provided $5,500,000.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          (7) \10\ Office of the inspector general.--For 
        ``Office of the Inspector General