[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 83 (Tuesday, April 29, 2008)]
[Notices]
[Pages 23264-23266]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-9198]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-R1-ES-2008-N0047; 10120-1113-0000-C4]


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants: Initiation of 5-
Year Status Reviews for 70 Species in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, 
Washington, and the Pacific Islands

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of review.

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SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, initiate 5-year status 
reviews for 70 species in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and the 
Pacific Islands under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended 
(Act). We request any new information on these species that may have a 
bearing on their classification as endangered or threatened. Based on 
the results of these 5-year reviews, we will determine whether these 
species are properly classified under the Act.

DATES: We must receive your information no later than June 30, 2008. 
However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed 
species at any time.

ADDRESSES: See ``Public Solicitation of New Information'' section for 
instructions on how to submit information.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For species-specific information, 
contact the appropriate individual named in the ``Public Solicitation 
of New Information'' section, below. Individuals who are hearing 
impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at (800) 
877-8337 for TTY assistance.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why Are 5-Year Reviews Conducted?

    Under the Endangered Species Act (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we 
maintain a List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (List) 
at 50 CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 
4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires that we conduct a review of listed 
species at least once every 5 years. Then, on the basis of such reviews 
under section 4(c)(2)(B), we determine whether or not any species 
should be removed from the List (delisted), or reclassified from 
endangered to threatened or from threatened to endangered. These 
actions must be supported by the best scientific and commercial data 
available. Delisting a species is considered only if such data 
substantiates that the species is neither endangered nor threatened for 
one or more of the following reasons: (1) The species is extinct; (2) 
the species is recovered; and/or (3) the original data available when 
the species was listed, or the interpretation of such data, were in 
error (50 CFR 424.11(d)). Any change in Federal classification would 
require a separate rulemaking process (i.e., a proposed rule, public 
comment period, and final rule). Regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require 
that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those 
species under active review. This notice announces our active review of 
the 70 species listed in Table 1.

    Table 1.--Species for Which We Are Initiating a Status Review To Determine if They Are Appropriately Listed Under the U.S. Endangered Species Act
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             Common name                  Scientific name               Status                Current range                 Final listing rule
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                                                                         ANIMALS
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Akepa, Hawaii (honeycreeper)........  Loxops coccineus         Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970
                                       coccineus.
Akiapola`au (honeycreeper)..........  Hemignathus munroi.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967
Coot, Hawaiian......................  Fulica americana alai..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970
Creeper, Hawaii.....................  Oreomystis mana........  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  40 FR 44149; 10/28/1975
Megapode, Micronesian...............  Megapodius laperouse...  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (MP), Palau....  35 FR 8491; 06/02/1970
Millerbird, Nihoa (old world          Acrocephalus familiaris  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967
 warbler).                             kingi.

[[Page 23265]]

 
Moorhen, Hawaiian common............  Gallinula chloropus      Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967
                                       sandvicensis.
Shearwater, Newell's Townsend's.....  Puffinus auricularis     Threatened..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  40 FR 44149; 10/28/1975
                                       newelli.
Stilt, Hawaiian.....................  Himantopus mexicanus     Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970
                                       knudseni.
Swiftlet, Mariana gray..............  Aerodramus vanikorensis  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (GU, MP).......  49 FR 33881; 08/27/1984
                                       bartschi.
White-eye, Rota bridled.............  Zosterops rotensis.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (MP)...........  69 FR 3022; 01/22/2004
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                                                                         PLANTS
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`Akoko..............................  Euphorbia haeleeleana..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996
Alani...............................  Melicope pallida.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
Alani...............................  Melicope quadrangularis  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
Awiwi...............................  Centaurium sebaeoides..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991
Awiwi...............................  Hedyotis cookiana......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
`Ae.................................  Zanthoxylum hawaiiense.  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 10305; 03/04/1994
Bluegrass, Hawaiian.................  Poa sandvicensis.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 20580; 05/13/1992
Bluegrass, Mann's...................  Poa mannii.............  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 56330; 11/10/1994
Gentner's fritillary................  Fritillaria gentneri...  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (CA, OR).......  64 FR 69195; 12/10/1999
Fern, pendant kihi..................  Adenophorus periens....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994
Haha................................  Cyanea koolauensis.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996
Haha................................  Cyanea recta...........  Threatened..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
Haha................................  Cyanea remyi...........  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
Ha`iwale............................  Cyrtandra limahuliensis  Threatened..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
Heau................................  Exocarpos luteolus.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
Iliau, dwarf........................  Wilkesia hobdyi........  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 27859; 06/22/1992
Ischaemum, Hilo.....................  Ischaemum byrone.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 10305; 03/04/1994
Kaulu...............................  Pteralyxia kauaiensis..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
Koki`o..............................  Kokia kauaiensis.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
Koki`o ke`oke`o.....................  Hibiscuswaimeaessp.      Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
                                       hannerae.
Kolea...............................  Myrsine linearifolia...  Threatened..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
Kuahiwi laukahi.....................  Plantago princeps......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994
Kuawawaenohu........................  Alsinidendron            Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996
                                       lychnoides.
Laulihilihi.........................  Schiedea stellarioides.  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996
Lo`ulu..............................  Pritchardia napaliensis  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
Mahoe...............................  Alectryon macrococcus..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 20772; 05/15/1992
Mapele..............................  Cyrtandra cyaneoides...  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
Ma`oli`oli..........................  Schiedea apokremnos....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  56 FR 49639; 09/30/1991
Ma`oli`oli..........................  Schiedea kealiae.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996
Naupaka, dwarf......................  Scaevola coriacea......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  51 FR 17971; 05/16/1986
Na`ena`e............................  Dubautia latifolia.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 20580; 05/13/1992
Nehe................................  Lipochaeta fauriei.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
Nehe................................  Lipochaeta waimeaensis.  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
No common name......................  Abutilon eremitopetalum  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  56 FR 47686; 09/20/1991
No common name......................  Bonamia menziesii......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994
No common name......................  Chamaesyce halemanui...  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 20580; 05/13/1992
No common name......................  Diplazium molokaiense..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 49025; 09/26/1994
No common name......................  Gouania meyenii........  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991
No common name......................  Hesperomannia lydgatei.  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  56 FR 47695; 09/20/1991
No common name......................  Mariscus pennatiformis.  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994
No common name......................  Munroidendron racemosum  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
No common name......................  Poa siphonoglossa......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 20580; 05/13/1992
No common name......................  Remya kauaiensis.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  56 FR 1450; 01/14/1991
No common name......................  Remya montgomeryi......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  56 FR 1450; 01/14/1991
No common name......................  Schiedea helleri.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
No common name......................  Schiedea membranacea...  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
No common name......................  Schiedeaspergulinavar.   Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
                                       leiopoda.
No common name......................  Schiedeaspergulinavar.   Threatened..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 9304; 02/25/1994
                                       spergulina.
No common name......................  Silene hawaiiensis.....  Threatened..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 10305; 03/04/1994
No common name......................  Silene lanceolata......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 46325; 10/08/1992
No common name......................  Spermolepis hawaiiensis  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994
No common name......................  Stenogyne bifida.......  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  57 FR 46325; 10/08/1992
Oha.................................  Delissea rivularis.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996
O`ha wai............................  Clermontia lindseyana..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 10305; 03/04/1994
Ohai................................  Sesbania tomentosa.....  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994
Pu`uka`a............................  Cyperus trachysanthos..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996
Rough popcornflower.................  Plagiobothrys hirtus...  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (OR)...........  65 FR 3866; 01/25/2000

[[Page 23266]]

 
Spalding's catchfly.................  Silene spaldingii......  Threatened..............  U.S.A. (ID, MT, OR,     66 FR 51597; 10/10/2001
                                                                                          WA).
Uhiuhi..............................  Caesalpinia kavaiense..  Endangered..............  U.S.A. (HI)...........  51 FR 24672; 07/08/1996
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What Information Do We Consider in the Review?

    A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time 
of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider data that has 
become available since the listing determination or most recent status 
review, such as:
     Species biology including, but not limited to, population 
trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
     Habitat conditions including, but not limited to, amount, 
distribution, and suitability;
     Conservation measures that have been implemented that 
benefit the species;
     Threat status and trends (see five factors under heading 
``How Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or 
Threatened?''); and
     Other new information, data, or corrections including, but 
not limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of 
erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical 
methods.

How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened?

    Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that we determine whether a 
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five 
following factors:
    A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or 
curtailment of its habitat or range;
    B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or 
educational purposes;
    C. Disease or predation;
    D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or
    E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued 
existence.
    Our assessment of these factors is required, under section 4(b)(1) 
of the Act, to be based solely on the best scientific and commercial 
data available.

What Could Happen As a Result of This Review?

    If we find information concerning the 70 species listed in Table 1 
indicating that a change in classification is warranted, we may propose 
to: (a) Reclassify the species from threatened to endangered; (b) 
reclassify the species from endangered to threatened; or (c) remove the 
species from the List. If we find that a change in classification is 
not warranted, the species will remain on the List and retain its 
current status.

Public Solicitation of New Information

    To ensure that these 5-year reviews are complete and based on the 
best available scientific and commercial information, we solicit new 
information from the public, governmental agencies, Tribes, the 
scientific community, environmental entities, industry, and any other 
interested parties concerning the status of the species in Table 1.
    If you wish to provide information, submit your comments and 
materials to the Field Supervisors at the appropriate Fish and Wildlife 
Office listed below. Before including your address, phone number, e-
mail address, or other personal identifying information in your 
comment, you should be aware that your entire comment--including your 
personal identifying information--may be made publicly available at any 
time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal 
identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we 
will be able to do so.
    For the species under review, submit information and direct 
species-specific questions to the addresses and individuals as follows:

Gentner's fritillary and rough popcornflower
Send information to: Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 2600 SE 
98th Avenue, Suite 100, Portland, OR 97266, or to 
FW1OR5yearReview@fws.gov.
Questions: Rollie White, 503-231-6179.
Spalding's catchfly
Send information to: Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, Snake River Fish and Wildlife Office, 1387 
S. Vinnell Way, Suite 368, Boise, ID 83709, or to 
FW1SRBOcomment@fws.gov.
Questions: Susan Burch, 208-378-5243.

Species in Hawaii, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and 
Territory of Guam
Send information to: Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 
300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3-122, Box 50088, Honolulu, HI 96850, or to 
pifwo-5yr-review@fws.gov.
Questions: Marilet A. Zablan, 808-792-9400.

Completed and Active Reviews

    A list of all species under active 5-year review, for which the 
Pacific Region of the Service is the lead region, including those we 
are initiating under this Notice, are available at: http://www.fws.gov/
pacific/ecoservices/endangered/recovery/5yearactive.html.
    Completed 5-year reviews, for which the Pacific Region of the 
Service is the lead region, are available at: http://www.fws.gov/
pacific/ecoservices/endangered/recovery/5yearcomplete.html.

    Authority: This document is published under the authority of the 
Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

    Dated: March 21, 2008.
Renne R. Lohoefener,
Regional Director, Region 1, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
 [FR Doc. E8-9198 Filed 4-28-08; 8:45 am]
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