[Federal Register Volume 73, Number 109 (Thursday, June 5, 2008)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 31929-31930]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E8-12542]



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Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
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Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 109 / Thursday, June 5, 2008 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 31929]]



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Part 301

[Docket No. APHIS-2008-0057]


Mexican Fruit Fly; Designation of Portion of Willacy County, TX, 
as a Quarantined Area

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Interim rule and request for comments.

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SUMMARY: We are amending the Mexican fruit fly regulations by 
designating a portion of Willacy County, TX, as a quarantined area and 
restricting the interstate movement of regulated articles from that 
area. This action is necessary to prevent the spread of the Mexican 
fruit fly into noninfested areas of the United States.

DATES: This interim rule is effective June 5, 2008. We will consider 
all comments that we receive on or before August 4, 2008.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://
www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/
main?main=DocketDetail&d=APHIS-2008-0057 to submit or view comments and 
to view supporting and related materials available electronically.
     Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send two copies of 
your comment to Docket No. APHIS-2008-0057, Regulatory Analysis and 
Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, 
Riverdale, MD 20737-1238. Please state that your comment refers to 
Docket No. APHIS-2008-0057.
    Reading Room: You may read any comments that we receive on this 
docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of 
the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue, SW., 
Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to 
help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.
    Other Information: Additional information about APHIS and its 
programs is available on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Wayne D. Burnett, Domestic 
Coordinator, Fruit Fly Exclusion and Detection Programs, PPQ, APHIS, 
4700 River Road Unit 137, Riverdale, MD 20737-1234; (301) 734-4387.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    The Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens) is a destructive pest of 
citrus and many other types of fruit. The short life cycle of the 
Mexican fruit fly allows rapid development of serious outbreaks that 
can cause severe economic losses in commercial citrus-producing areas.
    The Mexican fruit fly regulations, contained in 7 CFR 301.64 
through 301.64-10 (referred to below as the regulations), were 
established to prevent the spread of the Mexican fruit fly to 
noninfested areas of the United States. The regulations impose 
restrictions on the interstate movement of regulated articles from 
quarantined areas.
    Section 301.64-3 provides that the Deputy Administrator for Plant 
Protection and Quarantine, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 
(APHIS), shall list as a quarantined area each State, or each portion 
of a State, in which the Mexican fruit fly has been found by an 
inspector, in which the Deputy Administrator has reason to believe the 
Mexican fruit fly is present, or that the Deputy Administrator 
considers necessary to regulate because of its proximity to the Mexican 
fruit fly or its inseparability for quarantine enforcement purposes 
from localities in which the Mexican fruit fly occurs.
    Less than an entire State is designated as a quarantined area only 
if the Deputy Administrator determines that the State has adopted and 
is enforcing a quarantine or regulation that imposes restrictions on 
the intrastate movement of the regulated articles that are 
substantially the same as those that are imposed with respect to the 
interstate movement of the articles by the APHIS regulations and the 
designation of less than the entire State as a quarantined area will 
otherwise be adequate to prevent the artificial interstate spread of 
the Mexican fruit fly.
    Recent trapping surveys by county agencies reveal that a portion of 
Willacy County, TX, is infested with the Mexican fruit fly.
    Accordingly, to prevent the spread of the Mexican fruit fly to 
noninfested areas of the United States, we are amending the regulations 
in Sec.  301.64-3 by designating that portion of Willacy County, TX, as 
a quarantined area for the Mexican fruit fly. The quarantined area is 
described in detail in the regulatory text at the end of this document. 
The Deputy Administrator has determined that it is not necessary to 
designate the entire State of Texas as a quarantined area.

Emergency Action

    This rulemaking is necessary on an emergency basis to prevent the 
Mexican fruit fly from spreading to noninfested areas of the United 
States. Under these circumstances, the Administrator has determined 
that prior notice and opportunity for public comment are contrary to 
the public interest and that there is good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553 for 
making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the 
Federal Register.
    We will consider comments we receive during the comment period for 
this interim rule (see DATES above). After the comment period closes, 
we will publish another document in the Federal Register. The document 
will include a discussion of any comments we receive and any amendments 
we are making to the rule.

Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act

    This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. For this 
action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review under 
Executive Order 12866.
    This rule amends the Mexican fruit fly regulations by designating a 
portion of Willacy County, TX, as a quarantined area and restricting 
the interstate movement of regulated articles from that area. This 
action is necessary to prevent the spread of the Mexican fruit fly into 
noninfested areas of the United States.

[[Page 31930]]

    Within the quarantined area there are approximately 20 small 
entities that may be affected by this rule. These include two grocery 
stores, three fruit stands, four citrus producers, six truck vendors, 
four nurseries, and one recycling center. These 20 entities comprise 
less than 1 percent of the total number of similar entities operating 
in the State of Texas. Additionally, these small entities sell 
regulated articles primarily for local intrastate, not interstate 
movement, so the effect, if any, of this regulation on these entities 
appears to be minimal.
    The effect on those few entities that do move regulated articles 
interstate will be minimized by the availability of various treatments 
that, in most cases, will allow these small entities to move regulated 
articles interstate with very little additional cost.
    Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and 
Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will 
not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities.

Executive Order 12372

    This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, 
which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local 
officials. (See 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V.)

Executive Order 12988

    This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil 
Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and 
regulations that are inconsistent with this rule; (2) has no 
retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings 
before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This interim rule contains no new information collection or 
recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.)

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 301

    Agricultural commodities, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.

0
Accordingly, we are amending 7 CFR part 301 as follows:

PART 301--DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES

0
1. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701-7772 and 7781-7786; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, 
and 371.3.
    Section 301.75-15 issued under Sec. 204, Title II, Public Law 
106-113, 113 Stat. 1501A-293; sections 301.75-15 and 301.75-16 
issued under Sec. 203, Title II, Public Law 106-224, 114 Stat. 400 
(7 U.S.C. 1421 note).


0
2. In Sec.  301.64-3, paragraph (c) is amended by adding, in 
alphabetical order, under the heading ``Texas,'' an entry for Willacy 
County to read as follows:


Sec.  301.64-3  Quarantined areas.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
Texas
* * * * *
    Willacy County. That portion of the county in the Raymondville/
Lasara area bounded by a line as follows: Beginning at the intersection 
of FM 498 and FM 2845; then east on FM 498 to FM 2099; then north on FM 
2099 to FM 490; then east on FM 490 to a point described as latitude 
26.45360 and longitude -97.69919; then north from that point along an 
imaginary line to CR 3796; then west on CR 3796 to Santa Margarita 
Road; then north on Santa Margarita Road to Riggin Road; then west on 
Riggin Road to Cantu Road; then northwest along an imaginary line to a 
point described as latitude 26.57423 and longitude -97.70461; then west 
from that point along an imaginary line to the Willacy County line; 
then south, east, and south along the Willacy County line to FM 1921; 
then east on FM 1921 to FM 2845; then south on FM 2845 to the point of 
beginning.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 29th day of May 2008.
Cindy J. Smith,
Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
 [FR Doc. E8-12542 Filed 6-4-08; 8:45 am]
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