[Federal Register Volume 74, Number 178 (Wednesday, September 16, 2009)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 47451-47457]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E9-22022]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 180

[EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0251; FRL-8431-7]


Ametryn, Amitraz, Ammonium Soap Salts of Higher Fatty Acids, 
Bitertanol, Coppers, et al.; Tolerance Actions

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: EPA is revoking certain tolerances/tolerance exemptions for 
the fungicides pentachloronitrobenzene and triadimenol; the herbicides 
ametryn, fluazifop-p-butyl, and prometryn; the insecticides amitraz and 
mineral oil; the defoliant/desiccant sodium chlorate; and the 
fungicide/algicide/herbicide coppers. Also, EPA is modifying certain 
tolerances for the fungicide bitertanol and the insecticide malathion. 
In addition, EPA is establishing new tolerances/tolerance exemptions 
for the fungicides coppers and pentachloronitrobenzene; the herbicide 
prometryn; the insecticide malathion; and the defoliant/desiccant 
sodium chlorate; and revising the tolerance expression for the ammonium 
salts of higher fatty acids (ammonium soap salts). The regulatory 
actions finalized in this document are in follow-up to the Agency's 
reregistration program under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and 
Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), and tolerance reassessment program under the 
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), section 408(q).

DATES: This regulation is effective September 16, 2009. Objections and 
requests for hearings must be received on or before November 16, 2009, 
and must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 
CFR part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION).

ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under docket 
identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0251. All documents in the 
docket are listed in the docket index available at http://www.regulations.gov. Although listed in the index, some information is 
not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information (CBI) 
or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain 
other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the 
Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. 
Publicly available docket materials are available in the electronic 
docket at http://www.regulations.gov, or, if only available in hard 
copy, at the OPP Regulatory Public Docket in Rm. S-4400, One Potomac 
Yard (South Bldg.), 2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. The Docket 
Facility is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
excluding legal holidays. The Docket Facility telephone number is (703) 
305-5805.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joseph Nevola, Pesticide Re-evaluation 
Division (7508P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental 
Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-
0001; telephone number: (703) 308-8037; e-mail address: 
nevola.joseph@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. General Information

A. Does this Action Apply to Me?

    You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an 
agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. 
Potentially affected entities may include, but are not limited to:
     Crop production (NAICS code 111).
     Animal production (NAICS code 112).
     Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311).
     Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532).
    This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides 
a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this 
action. Other types of entities not listed in this unit could also be 
affected. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) 
codes have been provided to assist you and others in determining 
whether this action might apply to certain entities. If you have any 
questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular 
entity, consult the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION 
CONTACT.

B. How Can I Access Electronic Copies of this Document?

    In addition to accessing electronically available documents at 
http://www.regulations.gov, you may access this Federal Register 
document electronically through the EPA Internet under the ``Federal 
Register'' listings at http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr. You may also access 
a frequently updated electronic version of 40 CFR part 180 through the 
Government Printing Office's e-CFR site at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr.

C. Can I File an Objection or Hearing Request?

    Under section 408(g) of FFDCA, 21 U.S.C. 346a, any person may file 
an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a 
hearing on those objections. The EPA procedural regulations which 
govern the submission of objections and requests for hearings appear in 
40 CFR part 178. You must file your objection or request a hearing on 
this regulation in

[[Page 47452]]

accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178. To ensure 
proper receipt by EPA, you must identify docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-
2009-0251 in the subject line on the first page of your submission. All 
requests must be in writing, and must be mailed or delivered to the 
Hearing Clerk on or before November 16, 2009.
    In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the 
Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of 
the filing that does not contain any CBI for inclusion in the public 
docket that is described in ADDRESSES. Information not marked 
confidential pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 may be disclosed publicly by EPA 
without prior notice. Submit your copies, identified by docket ID 
number EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0251, by one of the following methods.
    Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
    Mail: Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) Regulatory Public 
Docket (7502P), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania 
Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.
    Delivery: OPP Regulatory Public Docket (7502P), 
Environmental Protection Agency, Rm. S-4400, One Potomac Yard (South 
Bldg.), 2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. Deliveries are only 
accepted during the Docket Facility's normal hours of operation (8:30 
a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays). 
Special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed 
information. The Docket Facility telephone number is (703) 305-5805.

II. Background

A. What Action is the Agency Taking?

    In the Federal Register of May 13, 2009 (74 FR 22478) (FRL-8412-3), 
EPA issued a proposal to revoke, modify, and establish specific 
tolerances/tolerance exemptions for residues of the fungicides 
bitertanol, coppers, pentachloronitrobenzene and triadimenol; the 
herbicides ametryn, fluazifop-p-butyl, and prometryn; the insecticides 
amitraz, malathion, and mineral oil; the defoliant/desiccant sodium 
chlorate; and the fungicide/algicide/herbicide coppers; and to revise 
the tolerance expression for the ammonium salts of higher fatty acids 
(ammonium soap salts). Also, the proposal of May 13, 2009 (74 FR 22478) 
provided a 60-day comment period which invited public comment for 
consideration and for support of tolerance retention under FFDCA 
standards.
    In this final rule, EPA is revoking, modifying, and establishing 
specific tolerances/tolerance exemptions for residues of ametryn, 
amitraz, bitertanol, coppers, fluazifop-p-butyl, malathion, mineral 
oil, pentachloronitrobenzene, prometryn, sodium chlorate, and 
triadimenol in or on commodities listed in the regulatory text of this 
document, and revising the tolerance expression for the ammonium soap 
salts of higher fatty acids (C8-C18 saturated; 
C8-C12 unsaturated).
    EPA is finalizing these tolerance actions in order to implement the 
tolerance recommendations made during the reregistration and tolerance 
reassessment processes (including follow-up on canceled or additional 
uses of pesticides). As part of these processes, EPA is required to 
determine whether each of the amended tolerances meets the safety 
standard of FFDCA. The safety finding determination of ``reasonable 
certainty of no harm'' is discussed in detail in each Reregistration 
Eligibility Decision (RED) and Report on FQPA Tolerance Reassessment 
Progress and Interim Risk Management Decision (TRED) for the active 
ingredient. REDs and TREDs recommend the implementation of certain 
tolerance actions, including modifications, to reflect current use 
patterns, to meet safety findings and change commodity names and 
groupings in accordance with new EPA policy. Printed copies of many 
REDs and TREDs may be obtained from EPA's National Service Center for 
Environmental Publications (EPA/NSCEP), P.O. Box 42419, Cincinnati, OH 
45242-2419; telephone number: 1-800-490-9198; fax number: 1-513-489-
8695; Internet at http://www.epa.gov/ncepihom and from the National 
Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, 
VA 22161; telephone number: 1-800-553-6847 or (703) 605-6000; Internet 
at http://www.ntis.gov. Electronic copies of REDs and TREDs are 
available on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov and http:// 
www.epa.gov/pesticides/reregistration/status.htm.
    In this final rule, EPA is revoking certain tolerances and/or 
tolerance exemptions because either they are no longer needed or are 
associated with food uses that are no longer registered under FIFRA in 
the United States. Those instances where registrations were canceled 
were because the registrant failed to pay the required maintenance fee 
and/or the registrant voluntarily requested cancellation of one or more 
registered uses of the pesticide active ingredient. The tolerances 
revoked by this final rule are no longer necessary to cover residues of 
the relevant pesticides in or on domestically treated commodities or 
commodities treated outside but imported into the United States. It is 
EPA's general practice to issue a final rule revoking those tolerances 
and tolerance exemptions for residues of pesticide active ingredients 
on crop uses for which there are no active registrations under FIFRA, 
unless any person in comments on the proposal indicates a need for the 
tolerance or tolerance exemption to cover residues in or on imported 
commodities or legally treated domestic commodities.
    EPA has historically been concerned that retention of tolerances 
that are not necessary to cover residues in or on legally treated foods 
may encourage misuse of pesticides within the United States.
    Generally, EPA will proceed with the revocation of these tolerances 
on the grounds discussed in Unit II.A. if one of the following 
conditions applies:
    1. Prior to EPA's issuance of a FFDCA section 408(f) order 
requesting additional data or issuance of a FFDCA section 408(d) or (e) 
order revoking the tolerances on other grounds, commenters retract the 
comment identifying a need for the tolerance to be retained.
    2. EPA independently verifies that the tolerance is no longer 
needed.
    3. The tolerance is not supported by data that demonstrate that the 
tolerance meets the requirements under FQPA.
    In response to the proposal published in the Federal Register of 
May 13, 2009 (74 FR 22478), EPA received no comments during the 60-day 
public comment period.
    EPA did not propose in a notice for comment to revise the tolerance 
nomenclature for malathion, in 40 CFR 180.111(a)(1) from alfalfa to 
alfalfa, forage and alfalfa, hay; bean to bean, dry seed and bean, 
succulent; corn, grain, postharvest to corn, field, grain, postharvest 
and corn, pop, grain, postharvest; salsify (including tops) to salsify, 
roots and salsify, tops; and turnip, tops to turnip, greens, as is 
current Agency practice. However, section 553(b)(3)(B) of the 
Administrative Procedure Act provides that notice and comment is not 
necessary ``when the agency for good cause finds (and incorporates the 
finding and a brief statement of reasons therefore in the rules issued) 
that notice and public procedure thereon are impracticable, 
unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.'' Consequently, for 
good cause, EPA is revising the tolerance terminology in 40 CFR 
180.111(a)(1) from alfalfa to alfalfa,

[[Page 47453]]

forage and alfalfa, hay; bean to bean, dry seed and bean, succulent; 
corn, grain, postharvest to corn, field, grain, postharvest and corn, 
pop, grain, postharvest; salsify (including tops) to salsify, roots and 
salsify, tops; and turnip, tops to turnip, greens. Notice and comment 
are unnecessary because revising the terminology has no practical 
impact on the use of or exposure to malathion in or on that commodity 
and is made such that the tolerance terminology will conform to current 
Agency practice.
    On June 3, 2009 (74 FR 26527) (FRL-8417-9), EPA published a final 
rule that made minor revisions to commodity terminologies throughout 40 
CFR part 180, including revisions for exemptions from the requirement 
of a tolerance for sodium chlorate in 40 CFR 180.1020. Among these 
revisions in 40 CFR 180.1020, ``corn, forage'' was replaced by ``corn, 
field, forage''; ``corn, fodder'' was replaced by ``corn, field, 
stover'' and ``corn, pop, stover''; ``peas, southern'' was replaced by 
``cowpea, forage''; ``cowpea, hay''; and ``cowpea, seed''; ``peppers, 
chili'' was replaced by ``pepper, chili.'' No revision had been made 
for ``sorghum, forage.'' However, ``peas, southern'' should have been 
replaced by ``pea, southern''; ``pepper, chili'' should have been 
replaced by ``pepper, nonbell''; and revisions of ``corn, forage'' and 
``corn, fodder'' should have included ``corn, sweet, forage'' and 
``corn, sweet, stover,'' respectively. In the Federal Register of May 
13, 2009 (74 FR 22478), EPA proposed amendments to commodity 
terminology for sodium chlorate in 40 CFR 180.1020 and among them 
included ``corn, forage'' to ``corn, field, forage'' and ``corn, sweet, 
forage''; ``corn, fodder'' to ``corn, field, stover''; ``corn, pop, 
stover''; and ``corn, sweet, stover''; ``peas, southern'' to ``pea, 
southern''; ``pepper, chili'' to ``pepper, nonbell'' ``sorghum, 
forage'' to ``sorghum, grain, forage'' and ``sorghum, forage, forage''; 
``soybeans'' to ``soybean, seed''; as well as other commodity 
terminology revisions. As a result of the final rule of June 3, 2009 
(74 FR 26527), EPA is revising the current commodity terminologies for 
sodium chlorate in 40 CFR 180.1020 in this final rule by removing 
``cowpea, forage''; ``cowpea, hay''; and ``cowpea, seed'' and replacing 
them with ``pea, southern''; replacing ``pepper, chili'' with ``pepper, 
nonbell''; establishing ``corn, sweet, forage'' and ``corn, sweet, 
stover''; and revising ``sorghum, forage'' to ``sorghum, grain, 
forage'' and ``sorghum, forage, forage''; as proposed in the rule of 
May 13, 2009 (74 FR 22478). Also, consistent with most of the commodity 
revisions for sodium chlorate proposed on May 13, 2009 (74 FR 22478), 
EPA is maintaining current commodity terminologies, finalized by the 
rule of June 3, 2009 (74 FR 26527), in 40 CFR 180.1020 for ``bean, dry, 
seed''; ``corn, field, forage''; ``corn, field, grain''; ``corn, field, 
stover''; ``corn, pop, grain''; ``corn, pop, stover''; ``cotton, 
undelinted seed''; ``flax, seed''; ``grain, aspirated fractions''; 
``guar, seed''; ``potato''; ``rice, grain''; ``safflower, seed''; 
``sorghum, grain, grain''; ``sorghum, grain, stover''; ``soybean, 
forage''; ``soybean, hay''; ``soybean, seed''; and ``sunflower, seed.''
    The Agency did not receive any specific comments, during the 60-day 
comment period, on the following pesticide active ingredients: ametryn, 
amitraz, bitertanol, coppers, fluazifop-p-butyl, malathion, mineral 
oil, pentachloronitrobenzene, prometryn, sodium chlorate, triadimenol, 
and ammonium soap salts of higher fatty acids (C8-
C18 saturated; C8-C12 unsaturated). 
Therefore, in addition to revising the tolerance nomenclature for 
specific tolerances for malathion as described in this final rule, and 
revising specific commodity terminologies for sodium chlorate as 
described in this final rule, EPA is finalizing the amendments proposed 
concerning the pesticide active ingredients in the Federal Register of 
May 13, 2009 (74 FR 22478). For a detailed discussion of the Agency's 
rationale for the establishments, revocations, and modifications to the 
tolerances, refer to the proposed rule of May 13, 2009 (74 FR 22478).

B. What is the Agency's Authority for Taking this Action?

    EPA may issue a regulation establishing, modifying, or revoking a 
tolerance under FFDCA section 408(e). In this final rule, EPA is 
establishing, modifying, and revoking tolerances to implement the 
tolerance recommendations made during the reregistration and tolerance 
reassessment processes, and as follow-up on canceled uses of 
pesticides. As part of these processes, EPA is required to determine 
whether each of the amended tolerances meets the safety standards under 
FFDCA. The safety finding determination is found in detail in each 
post-FQPA RED and TRED for the active ingredient. REDs and TREDs 
recommend the implementation of certain tolerance actions, including 
modifications to reflect current use patterns, to meet safety findings, 
and change commodity names and groupings in accordance with new EPA 
policy. Printed and electronic copies of the REDs and TREDs are 
available as provided in Unit II.A.
    EPA has issued REDs for ametryn, coppers, malathion, aliphatic 
solvents (mineral oil), pentachloronitrobenzene, prometryn, inorganic 
chlorates (sodium chlorate), and soap salts (includes ammonium salts of 
higher fatty acids), and TREDs for amitraz, bitertanol, fluazifop-p-
butyl, and triadimenol. REDs and TREDs contain the Agency's evaluation 
of the database for these pesticides, including statements regarding 
additional data on the active ingredients that may be needed to confirm 
the potential human health and environmental risk assessments 
associated with current product uses, and REDs state conditions under 
which these uses and products will be eligible for reregistration. The 
REDs and TREDs recommended the establishment, modification, and/or 
revocation of specific tolerances. RED and TRED recommendations such as 
establishing or modifying tolerances, and in some cases revoking 
tolerances, are the result of assessment under the FFDCA standard of 
``reasonable certainty of no harm.'' However, tolerance revocations 
recommended in REDs and TREDs that are made final in this document do 
not need such assessment when the tolerances are no longer necessary.
    EPA's general practice is to revoke tolerances for residues of 
pesticide active ingredients on crops for which FIFRA registrations no 
longer exist and on which the pesticide may therefore no longer be used 
in the United States. EPA has historically been concerned that 
retention of tolerances that are not necessary to cover residues in or 
on legally treated foods may encourage misuse of pesticides within the 
United States. Nonetheless, EPA will establish and maintain tolerances 
even when corresponding domestic uses are canceled if the tolerances, 
which EPA refers to as ``import tolerances,'' are necessary to allow 
importation into the United States of food containing such pesticide 
residues. However, where there are no imported commodities that require 
these import tolerances, the Agency believes it is appropriate to 
revoke tolerances for unregistered pesticides in order to prevent 
potential misuse.
    When EPA establishes tolerances for pesticide residues in or on raw 
agricultural commodities, the Agency gives consideration to possible 
pesticide residues in meat, milk, poultry, and/or eggs produced by 
animals that are fed agricultural products (for example, grain or hay) 
containing pesticides residues (40 CFR 180.6). If there is no 
reasonable expectation of finite pesticide residues

[[Page 47454]]

in or on meat, milk, poultry, or eggs, then tolerances do not need to 
be established for these commodities (40 CFR 180.6(b) and 180.6 (c)).

C. When Do These Actions Become Effective?

    With the exception of certain tolerances for ametryn and 
triadimenol for which EPA is revoking with specific expiration/
revocation dates, the Agency is revoking, modifying, and establishing 
specific tolerances/tolerance exemptions, and revising specific 
tolerance terminologies effective on the date of publication of this 
final rule in the Federal Register. With the exception of the specific 
tolerances regarding ametryn and triadimenol for which EPA is revoking 
with specific expiration/revocation dates, specific copper tolerances 
associated with treated pear wrappers and potable water for which EPA 
is revoking because they are no longer needed or applicable, and 
tolerances/tolerance exemptions that are considered by EPA to no longer 
be significant food/feed items or whose commodity use is covered by 
another tolerance/tolerance exemption (including conversion of interim 
tolerances for pentachloronitrobenzene to permanent tolerances), the 
Agency believes that existing stocks of pesticide products labeled for 
the uses associated with the revoked tolerances/tolerance exemptions 
have been completely exhausted and that treated commodities have had 
sufficient time for passage through the channels of trade. EPA is 
revoking ametryn tolerances on banana; corn, sweet, forage; corn, 
sweet, kernel plus cob with husks removed; and corn, sweet, stover with 
expiration/revocation dates of June 16, 2010; and triadimenol 
tolerances on sorghum, grain, forage; sorghum, grain, grain; and 
sorghum, grain, stover with expiration/revocation dates of September 
11, 2010. The Agency believes that these revocation dates allow users 
to exhaust stocks and allow sufficient time for passage of treated 
commodities through the channels of trade.
    Any commodities listed in the regulatory text of this document that 
are treated with the pesticides subject to this final rule, and that 
are in the channels of trade following the tolerance revocations, shall 
be subject to FFDCA section 408(1)(5), as established by FQPA. Under 
this unit, any residues of these pesticides in or on such food shall 
not render the food adulterated so long as it is shown to the 
satisfaction of the Food and Drug Administration that:
    1. The residue is present as the result of an application or use of 
the pesticide at a time and in a manner that was lawful under FIFRA.
    2. The residue does not exceed the level that was authorized at the 
time of the application or use to be present on the food under a 
tolerance or exemption from tolerance. Evidence to show that food was 
lawfully treated may include records that verify the dates that the 
pesticide was applied to such food.

III. Are There Any International Trade Issues Raised by this Final 
Action?

    In making its tolerance decisions, EPA seeks to harmonize U.S. 
tolerances with international standards whenever possible, consistent 
with U.S. food safety standards and agricultural practices. EPA 
considers the international Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) established 
by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, as required by section 408(b)(4) 
of FFDCA. The Codex Alimentarius is a joint U.N. Food and Agriculture 
Organization/World Health Organization food standards program, and it 
is recognized as an international food safety standards-setting 
organization in trade agreements to which the United States is a party. 
EPA may establish a tolerance that is different from a Codex MRL; 
however, FFDCA section 408(b)(4) requires that EPA explain the reasons 
for departing from the Codex level in a notice published for public 
comment. EPA's effort to harmonize with Codex MRLs is summarized in the 
tolerance reassessment section of individual REDs and TREDs, and in the 
Residue Chemistry document which supports the RED and TRED, as 
mentioned in the proposed rule cited in Unit II.A. Specific tolerance 
actions in this rule and how they compare to Codex MRLs (if any) is 
discussed in Unit II.A.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    In this final rule, EPA establishes tolerances under FFDCA section 
408(e), and also modifies and revokes specific tolerances established 
under FFDCA section 408. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has 
exempted these types of actions (i.e., establishment and modification 
of a tolerance and tolerance revocation for which extraordinary 
circumstances do not exist) from review under Executive Order 12866, 
entitled Regulatory Planning and Review (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993). 
Because this rule has been exempted from review under Executive Order 
12866 due to its lack of significance, this rule is not subject to 
Executive Order 13211, entitled Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use (66 FR 28355, 
May 22, 2001). This final rule does not contain any information 
collections subject to OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act 
(PRA), 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq., or impose any enforceable duty or 
contain any unfunded mandate as described under Title II of the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) (Public Law 104-4). Nor 
does it require any special considerations as required by Executive 
Order 12898, entitled Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice 
in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (59 FR 7629, 
February 16, 1994); or OMB review or any other Agency action under 
Executive Order 13045, entitled Protection of Children from 
Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (62 FR 19885, April 23, 
1997). This action does not involve any technical standards that would 
require Agency consideration of voluntary consensus standards pursuant 
to section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act of 1995 (NTTAA), Public Law 104-13, section 12(d) (15 U.S.C. 272 
note). Pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 
et seq.), the Agency previously assessed whether establishment of 
tolerances, exemptions from tolerances, raising of tolerance levels, 
expansion of exemptions, or revocations might significantly impact a 
substantial number of small entities and concluded that, as a general 
matter, these actions do not impose a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities. These analyses for tolerance 
establishments and modifications, and for tolerance revocations were 
published on May 4, 1981 (46 FR 24950) and on December 17, 1997 (62 FR 
66020) (FRL-5753-1), respectively, and were provided to the Chief 
Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration. Taking into 
account this analysis, and available information concerning the 
pesticides listed in this rule, the Agency hereby certifies that this 
final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities. In a memorandum dated May 25, 2001, EPA 
determined that eight conditions must all be satisfied in order for an 
import tolerance or tolerance exemption revocation to adversely affect 
a significant number of small entity importers, and that there is a 
negligible joint probability of all eight conditions holding 
simultaneously with respect to any particular revocation. (This Agency 
document is available in the docket of the proposed rule, as mentioned 
in Unit

[[Page 47455]]

II.A.). Furthermore, for the pesticides named in this final rule, the 
Agency knows of no extraordinary circumstances that exist as to the 
present revocations that would change EPA's previous analysis. In 
addition, the Agency has determined that this action will not have a 
substantial direct effect on States, on the relationship between the 
national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified 
in Executive Order 13132, entitled Federalism (64 FR 43255, August 10, 
1999). Executive Order 13132 requires EPA to develop an accountable 
process to ensure ``meaningful and timely input by State and local 
officials in the development of regulatory policies that have 
federalism implications.'' ``Policies that have federalism 
implications'' is defined in the Executive order to include regulations 
that have ``substantial direct effects on the States, on the 
relationship between the national government and the States, or on the 
distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of 
government.'' This final rule directly regulates growers, food 
processors, food handlers, and food retailers, not States. This action 
does not alter the relationships or distribution of power and 
responsibilities established by Congress in the preemption provisions 
of section 408(n)(4) of FFDCA. For these same reasons, the Agency has 
determined that this rule does not have any ``tribal implications'' as 
described in Executive Order 13175, entitled Consultation and 
Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments (65 FR 67249, November 9, 
2000). Executive Order 13175, requires EPA to develop an accountable 
process to ensure ``meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in 
the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.'' 
``Policies that have tribal implications'' is defined in the Executive 
order to include regulations that have ``substantial direct effects on 
one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal 
Government and the Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.'' 
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on tribal 
governments, on the relationship between the Federal Government and 
Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities 
between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified in 
Executive Order 13175. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to 
this rule.

V. Congressional Review Act

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report to each House of the Congress and to 
the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report 
containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, 
the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the 
United States prior to publication of this final rule in the Federal 
Register. This final rule is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 
U.S.C. 804(2).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180

    Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, 
Agricultural commodities, Pesticides and pests, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.


    Dated: September 2, 2009.
Debra Edwards,
Director, Office of Pesticide Programs.

0
Therefore, 40 CFR chapter I is amended as follows:

PART 180--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321(q), 346a and 371.


0
2. Section 180.111 is amended by revising the table in paragraph 
(a)(1), redesignating paragraphs (a)(2) through (a)(5) as paragraphs 
(a)(4) through (a)(7), respectively, and adding new paragraphs (a)(2) 
and (a)(3), and by revising newly designated paragraph (a)(6) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  180.111  Malathion; tolerances for residues.

    (a) * * *
    (1) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alfalfa, forage............................................          135
Alfalfa, hay...............................................          135
Almond, hulls..............................................           50
Almond, postharvest........................................            8
Apple......................................................            8
Apricot....................................................            8
Asparagus..................................................            8
Avocado....................................................            8
Barley, grain, postharvest.................................            8
Bean, dry seed.............................................            8
Bean, succulent............................................            8
Beet, garden, roots........................................            8
Beet, garden, tops.........................................            8
Beet, sugar, roots.........................................            1
Beet, sugar, tops..........................................            8
Blackberry.................................................            8
Blueberry..................................................            8
Boysenberry................................................            8
Carrot, roots..............................................            8
Chayote, fruit.............................................            8
Chayote, roots.............................................            8
Cherry.....................................................            8
Chestnut...................................................            1
Clover, forage.............................................          135
Clover, hay................................................          135
Corn, field, forage........................................            8
Corn, field, grain, postharvest............................            8
Corn, pop, grain, postharvest..............................            8
Corn, sweet, forage........................................            8
Corn, sweet, kernel plus cob with husks removed............            2
Cowpea, forage.............................................          135
Cowpea, hay................................................          135
Cranberry..................................................            8
Cucumber...................................................            8
Currant....................................................            8
Date, dried fruit..........................................            8
Dewberry...................................................            8
Eggplant...................................................            8
Fig........................................................            8
Flax, seed.................................................          0.1
Garlic, bulb...............................................            8
Gooseberry.................................................            8
Grape......................................................            8
Grapefruit.................................................            8
Guava......................................................            8
Hazelnut...................................................            1
Hop, dried cones...........................................            1
Horseradish................................................            8
Kumquat....................................................            8
Leek.......................................................            8
Lemon......................................................            8
Lentil, seed...............................................            8
Lespedeza, hay.............................................          135
Lime.......................................................            8
Loganberry.................................................            8
Lupin, seed................................................            8
Mango......................................................            8
Melon......................................................            8
Mushroom...................................................            8
Nectarine..................................................            8
Nut, macadamia.............................................            1
Oat, grain, postharvest....................................            8
Okra.......................................................            8
Onion, bulb................................................            8
Onion, green...............................................            8
Orange.....................................................            8
Papaya.....................................................            1
Parsnip....................................................            8
Passionfruit...............................................            8
Pea........................................................            8
Pea, field, hay............................................            8
Pea, field, vines..........................................            8
Peach......................................................            8
Peanut, hay................................................          135
Peanut, postharvest........................................            8
Pear.......................................................            8
Pecan......................................................            8
Pepper.....................................................            8
Peppermint, tops...........................................            8
Pineapple..................................................            8
Plum.......................................................            8
Plum, prune................................................            8
Potato.....................................................            8
Pumpkin....................................................            8
Quince.....................................................            8
Radish.....................................................            8

[[Page 47456]]

 
Raspberry..................................................            8
Rice, grain, postharvest...................................            8
Rice, wild.................................................            8
Rutabaga...................................................            8
Rye, grain, postharvest....................................            8
Safflower, seed............................................          0.2
Salsify, roots.............................................            8
Salsify, tops..............................................            8
Shallot, bulb..............................................            8
Sorghum, grain, forage.....................................            8
Sorghum, grain, grain, postharvest.........................            8
Soybean, forage............................................          135
Soybean, hay...............................................          135
Soybean, seed..............................................            8
Soybean, vegetable, succulent..............................            8
Spearmint, tops............................................            8
Squash, summer.............................................            8
Squash, winter.............................................            8
Strawberry.................................................            8
Sunflower, seed, postharvest...............................            8
Sweet potato, roots........................................            1
Tangerine..................................................            8
Tomato.....................................................            8
Trefoil, forage............................................          135
Trefoil, hay...............................................          135
Turnip, greens.............................................            8
Turnip, roots..............................................            8
Vegetable, brassica, leafy, group 5........................            8
Vegetable, leafy, except brassica, group 4.................            8
Vetch, hay.................................................          135
Walnut.....................................................            8
Wheat, grain, postharvest..................................            8
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Tolerances are established for the combined residues of the 
insecticide malathion (O,O-dimethyl dithiophosphate of diethyl 
mercaptosuccinate) and its metabolite, malaoxon (O,O-dimethyl 
thiophosphate of diethyl mercaptosuccinate), in or on the following 
food commodities:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Barley, straw..............................................           50
Corn, field, stover........................................         30.0
Cotton, undelinted seed....................................         20.0
Grass, forage..............................................          200
Grass, hay.................................................          270
Oat, forage................................................          4.0
Oat, straw.................................................           50
Rye, forage................................................          4.0
Rye, straw.................................................           50
Watercress.................................................          0.2
Wheat, forage..............................................          4.0
Wheat, straw...............................................           50
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (3) Tolerances are established for residues of the insecticide 
malathion (O,O-dimethyl dithiophosphate of diethyl mercaptosuccinate), 
in or on the following food commodities:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cattle, fat................................................            4
Cattle, meat\1\............................................            4
Cattle, meat byproducts\1\.................................            4
Egg........................................................          0.1
Goat, fat..................................................            4
Goat, meat\1\..............................................            4
Goat, meat byproducts\1\...................................            4
Hog, fat...................................................            4
Hog, meat\1\...............................................            4
Hog, meat byproducts\1\....................................            4
Horse, fat.................................................            4
Horse, meat\1\.............................................            4
Horse, meat byproducts\1\..................................            4
Milk, fat..................................................          0.5
Poultry, fat...............................................            4
Poultry, meat\1\...........................................            4
Poultry, meat byproducts\1\................................            4
Sheep, fat.................................................            4
Sheep, meat\1\.............................................            4
Sheep, meat byproducts\1\..................................            4
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The tolerance level shall not be exceeded in any cut of meat or in
  any meat byproducts from cattle, goat, hog, horse, poultry, or sheep.

* * * * *
    (6) Malathion may be safely used for the control of insects during 
the drying of grape (raisins) in compliance with paragraph (a)(4) of 
this section by incorporation into paper trays in amounts not exceeding 
100 milligrams per square foot.
* * * * *


Sec.  180.136  [Removed]

0
3. Section 180.136 is removed.


Sec.  180.149  [Removed]

0
4. Section 180.149 is removed.

0
5. Section 180.222 is amended by revising the table in paragraph (a), 
and by revising paragraph (d) to read as follows:


Sec.  180.222  Prometryn; tolerances for residues.

    (a) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Carrot, roots\1\...........................................          0.1
Celery.....................................................          0.5
Cotton, gin byproducts.....................................          1.0
Cotton, undelinted seed....................................         0.25
Pea, pigeon, seed..........................................         0.25
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ There are no U.S. registrations as of April 10, 1998 for use on
  carrots.

* * * * *
     (d) Indirect or inadvertent residues. Tolerances are established 
for indirect or inadvertent residues of the herbicide prometryn, 2,4-
bis(isopropylamino)-6-methylthio-s-triazine, in or on the following 
food commodities:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Barley, forage.............................................          0.3
Barley, hay................................................          1.0
Barley, straw..............................................          0.3
Oat, forage................................................          0.3
Oat, hay...................................................          1.0
Oat, straw.................................................          0.3
Rye, forage................................................          0.3
Rye, hay...................................................          1.0
Rye, straw.................................................          0.3
Triticale, forage..........................................          0.3
Triticale, hay.............................................          1.0
Triticale, straw...........................................          0.3
Wheat, forage..............................................          0.3
Wheat, hay.................................................          1.0
Wheat, straw...............................................          0.3
------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
6. Section 180.258 is amended by revising the table in paragraph (a) to 
read as follows:


Sec.  180.258  Ametryn; tolerances for residues.

    (a) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Expiration/
                   Commodity                     Parts per    Revocation
                                                  million        Date
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Banana........................................         0.25      6/16/10
Corn, field, forage...........................          0.1         None
Corn, field, grain............................         0.05         None
Corn, field, stover...........................         0.05         None
Corn, pop, grain..............................         0.05         None
Corn, pop, stover.............................         0.05         None
Corn, sweet, forage...........................          0.5      6/16/10
Corn, sweet, kernel plus cob with husks                0.25      6/16/10
 removed......................................
Corn, sweet, stover...........................          0.5      6/16/10
Pineapple.....................................         0.05         None
Sugarcane, cane...............................         0.05         None
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *


Sec.  180.287  [Amended]

0
7. Section 180.287 is amended by removing the entry for ``pear'' from 
the table in paragraph (a).

0
8. Section 180.291 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  180.291  Pentachloronitrobenzene; tolerances for residues.

    (a) General. Tolerances are established for the combined residues 
of the fungicide pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) and its metabolites 
pentachloroaniline (PCA), and pentachlorothioanisole (PCTA), in or on 
the following food commodities:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bean.......................................................          0.1

[[Page 47457]]

 
Brassica, head and stem, subgroup 5A.......................          0.1
Cotton, undelinted seed....................................          0.1
Garlic, bulb...............................................          0.1
Peanut.....................................................          1.0
Potato.....................................................          0.1
Soybean, forage............................................         0.02
Soybean, hay...............................................         0.02
Soybean, seed..............................................         0.02
Vegetable, fruiting, group 8...............................          0.1
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (b) Section 18 emergency exemptions. [Reserved]
     (c) Tolerances with regional registrations. Tolerances with 
regional registrations, as defined in Sec.  180.1(m), are established 
for the combined residues of the fungicide pentachloronitrobenzene 
(PCNB) and its metabolites pentachloroaniline (PCA), and 
pentachlorothioanisole (PCTA), in or on the following food commodities:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Collards...................................................          0.2
Kale.......................................................          0.2
Mustard, greens............................................          0.2
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (d) Indirect or inadvertent residues. [Reserved]


Sec.  180.319  [Amended]

0
9. Section 180.319 is amended by removing the entire entry for 
``pentachloronitrobenzene'' from the table.


Sec.  180.411  [Amended]

0
10. Section 180.411 is amended by removing the entry for ``spinach'' 
from the table in paragraph (a).

0
11. Section 180.450 is amended by revising the table in paragraph (a) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  180.450  Beta-(4-Chlorophenoxy)-[alpha]-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-1H-
1,2,4-triazole-1-ethanol; tolerances for residues.

    (a) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Expiration/
                    Commodity                     Parts per   Revocation
                                                   million       Date
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Banana\1\.......................................        0.2         None
Barley, grain...................................       0.05         None
Barley, straw...................................        0.2         None
Corn, field, forage.............................       0.05         None
Corn, field, grain..............................       0.05         None
Corn, field, stover.............................       0.05         None
Corn, pop, grain................................       0.05         None
Corn, pop, stover...............................       0.05         None
Corn, sweet, forage.............................       0.05         None
Corn, sweet, kernel plus cob with husks removed.       0.05         None
Corn, sweet, stover.............................       0.05         None
Cotton, undelinted seed.........................       0.02         None
Oat, forage.....................................        2.5         None
Oat, grain......................................       0.05         None
Oat, straw......................................        0.2         None
Rye, forage.....................................        2.5         None
Rye, grain......................................       0.05         None
Rye, straw......................................        0.1         None
Sorghum, grain, forage..........................       0.05      9/11/10
Sorghum, grain, grain...........................       0.01      9/11/10
Sorghum, grain, stover..........................       0.01      9/11/10
Wheat, forage...................................        2.5         None
Wheat, grain....................................       0.05         None
Wheat, straw....................................        0.2         None
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ There are no U.S. registrations for banana (whole) as of September
  22, 1993.

* * * * *

0
12. Section 180.457 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  180.457  Bitertanol; tolerances for residues.

    (a) General. A tolerance is established for the residues of the 
fungicide bitertanol, [beta]-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yloxy)-[alpha]-(1,1-
dimethylethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-ethanol, in or on the following raw 
agricultural commodity:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Parts per
                         Commodity                             million
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Banana\1\..................................................          0.5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ There are no U.S. registrations as of April 1, 1992.

     (b) Section 18 emergency exemptions. [Reserved]
     (c) Tolerances with regional registrations. [Reserved]
     (d) Indirect or inadvertent residues. [Reserved]


Sec.  180.538  [Removed]

0
13. Section 180.538 is removed.

0
14. Section 180.1020 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  180.1020  Sodium chlorate; exemption from the requirement of a 
tolerance.

    Sodium chlorate is exempted from the requirement of a tolerance for 
residues when used as a defoliant or desiccant in accordance with good 
agricultural practice on the following crops:

Bean, dry, seed
Corn, field, forage
Corn, field, grain
Corn, field, stover
Corn, pop, grain
Corn, pop, stover
Corn, sweet, forage
Corn, sweet, stover
Cotton, undelinted seed
Flax, seed
Grain, aspirated fractions
Guar, seed
Pea, southern
Pepper, nonbell
Potato
Rice, grain
Rice, straw
Safflower, seed
Sorghum, forage, forage
Sorghum, grain, forage
Sorghum, grain, grain
Sorghum, grain, stover
Soybean, forage
Soybean, hay
Soybean, seed
Sunflower, seed
Wheat, grain


0
15. Section 180.1021 is amended by revising paragraph (b) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  180.1021  Copper; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

* * * * *
    (b) The following copper compounds are exempt from the requirement 
of a tolerance when applied (primarily) as a fungicide to growing crops 
using good agricultural practices:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Copper compounds                       CAS Reg. No.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Basic copper carbonate (malachite).............                1184-64-1
Copper ammonia complex.........................               16828-95-8
Copper ethylenediamine complex.................               13426-91-0
Copper hydroxide...............................               20427-59-2
Copper octanoate...............................               20543-04-8
Copper oxychloride.............................                1332-65-6
Copper oxychloride sulfate.....................                8012-69-9
Copper salts of fatty and rosin acids..........                9007-39-0
Copper sulfate basic...........................                1344-73-6
Copper sulfate pentahydrate....................                7758-99-8
Cuprous oxide..................................                1317-19-1
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

0
16. Section 180.1284 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  180.1284  Ammonium salts of higher fatty acids (C8-
C18 saturated; C8-C12 unsaturated); 
exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Ammonium salts of C8-C18 saturated and 
C8-C12 unsaturated higher fatty acids are 
exempted from the requirement of a tolerance for residues in or on all 
food commodities when used in accordance with good agricultural 
practice.

[FR Doc. E9-22022 Filed 9-15-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-S