[Federal Register Volume 74, Number 181 (Monday, September 21, 2009)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 48001-48002]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E9-22634]


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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

7 CFR Part 301

[Docket No. APHIS-2008-0083]


Gypsy Moth Generally Infested Areas; Illinois, Indiana, Maine, 
Ohio, and Virginia

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Interim rule and request for comments.

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SUMMARY: We are amending the gypsy moth regulations by adding areas in 
Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Ohio, and Virginia to the list of generally 
infested areas based on the detection of infestations of gypsy moth in 
those areas. As a result of this action, the interstate movement of 
regulated articles from those areas is restricted. This action is 
necessary to prevent the artificial spread of the gypsy moth to 
noninfested areas of the United States.

DATES: This interim rule is effective September 21, 2009. We will 
consider all comments that we receive on or before November 20, 2009.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/main?main=DocketDetail&d=APHIS-2008-0083 to submit or view comments and 
to view supporting and related material available electronically.
     Postal/Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send two copies of 
your comments to Docket No. APHIS-2008-0083, Regulatory Analysis and 
Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A-03, 4700 River Road, Unit 118, 
Riverdale, MD 20737-1238. Please state that your comment refers to 
Docket APHIS-2008-0083.
    Reading Room: You may read any comments that we receive on this 
docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of 
the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue, SW., 
Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to 
help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.
    Other Information: Additional information about APHIS and its 
programs is available on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Weyman Fussell, Program Manager, 
Gypsy Moth, Emergency and Domestic Programs, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River 
Road, Unit 134, Riverdale, MD 20737-1236; (301) 734-5705.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    The gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) is a destructive pest of forest 
and shade trees. The gypsy moth regulations (contained in 7 CFR 301.45 
through 301.45-12 and referred to below as the regulations) restrict 
the interstate movement of regulated articles from generally infested 
areas to prevent the artificial spread of the gypsy moth.
    In accordance with Sec.  301.45-2 of the regulations, generally 
infested areas are, with certain exceptions, those States or portions 
of States in which a gypsy moth general infestation has been found by 
an inspector, or each portion of a State that the Administrator deems 
necessary to regulate because of its proximity to infestation or its 
inseparability for quarantine enforcement purposes from infested 
localities. Less than an entire State will be designated as a generally 
infested area only if: (1) The State has adopted and is enforcing a 
quarantine or regulation that imposes restrictions on the intrastate 
movement of regulated articles that are substantially the same as those 
that are imposed with respect to the interstate movement of such 
articles; and (2) the designation of less than the entire State as a 
generally infested area will be adequate to prevent the artificial 
interstate spread of infestations of the gypsy moth.

Designation of Areas as Generally Infested Areas

    Section 301.45-3 of the regulations lists generally infested areas. 
In this rule, we are amending Sec.  301.45-3(a) by adding 3 counties in 
Illinois, 1 county in Indiana, 34 townships in Maine, 1 county in Ohio, 
and 1 county in Virginia to the list of generally infested areas. As a 
result of this rule, the interstate movement of regulated articles from 
these areas will be restricted.
    We are taking this action because, in cooperation with the States 
of Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Ohio, and Virginia, the United States 
Department of Agriculture conducted surveys that detected multiple life 
stages of the gypsy moth in Cook, Du Page, and McHenry Counties, IL; 
St. Joseph County, IN; several townships in Aroostook, Franklin, 
Penobscot, Piscataquis, and Somerset Counties, ME; Morrow County, OH; 
and Montgomery County, VA. Based on these surveys, we determined that 
reproducing populations exist at

[[Page 48002]]

significant levels in these areas. Eradication of these populations is 
not considered feasible because these are immediately adjacent to areas 
current recognized as generally infested and are, therefore, subject to 
reinfestation.

Emergency Action

    This rulemaking is necessary on an emergency basis because of the 
possibility that the gypsy moth could be artificially spread to 
noninfested areas of the United States, where it could cause economic 
losses due to the defoliation of susceptible forest and shade trees. 
Under these circumstances, the Administrator has determined that prior 
notice and opportunity for public comment are contrary to the public 
interest and that there is good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553 for making 
this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal 
Register.
    We will consider comments we receive during the comment period for 
this interim rule (see DATES above). After the comment period closes, 
we will publish another document in the Federal Register. The document 
will include a discussion of any comments we receive and any amendments 
we are making to the rule.

Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act

    This interim rule is subject to Executive Order 12866. However, for 
this action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review 
under Executive Order 12866.
    This interim rule amends the gypsy moth regulations by adding areas 
in Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Ohio, and Virginia to the list of 
generally infested areas based on the detection of infestations of 
gypsy moth in those areas. As a result of this action, the interstate 
movement of regulated articles from those areas is restricted.
    We have prepared an economic analysis for this interim rule. The 
analysis, which considers the number and types of entities that are 
likely to be affected by this action and the potential economic effects 
on those entities, provides the basis for the Administrator's 
determination that the rule will not have a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities. The economic analysis may be 
viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site (see ADDRESSES above for 
instructions for accessing Regulations.gov). Copies of the economic 
analysis are also available from the person listed under FOR FURTHER 
INFORMATION CONTACT.

Executive Order 12372

    This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, 
which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local 
officials. (See 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V.)

Executive Order 12988

    This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil 
Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and 
regulations that are inconsistent with this rule; (2) has no 
retroactive effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings 
before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This interim rule contains no new information collection or 
recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 301

    Agricultural commodities, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.


0
Accordingly, we are amending 7 CFR part 301 as follows:

PART 301--DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES

0
1. The authority citation for part 301 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 7701-7772 and 7781-7786; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, 
and 371.3.
    Section 301.75-15 issued under Sec. 204, Title II, Public Law 
106-113, 113 Stat. 1501A-293; sections 301.75-15 and 301.75-16 
issued under Sec. 203, Title II, Public Law 106-224, 114 Stat. 400 
(7 U.S.C. 1421 note).


0
2. In Sec.  301.45-3, paragraph (a) is amended as follows:
0
a. Under the heading Illinois, by adding, in alphabetical order, 
entries for Cook County, Du Page County, and McHenry County to read as 
set forth below.
0
b. Under the heading Indiana, by adding, alphabetical order, an entry 
for St. Joseph County to read as set forth below.
0
c. Under the heading Maine, by revising the entries for Aroostook 
County, Franklin County, Penobscot County, Piscataquis County, and 
Somerset County to read as set forth below.
0
d. Under the heading Ohio, by adding, in alphabetical order, an entry 
for Morrow County to read as set forth below.
0
e. Under the heading Virginia, by adding, in alphabetical order, an 
entry for Montgomery County to read as set forth below.


Sec.  301.45.3  Generally infested areas.

    (a) * * *

Illinois

    Cook County. The entire county.
    Du Page County. The entire county.
* * * * *
    McHenry County. The entire county.

Indiana

* * * * *
    St. Joseph County. The entire county.
* * * * *

Maine

    Aroostook County. The townships of Glenwood Plantation, Houlton, 
New Limerick, Orient, Amity, Cary Plantation, Dyer Brook, 
Haynesville, Hodgdon, Linneus, Oakfield, Forkstown, Township of T2 
R4 WELS, Township of T3 R3 WELS, Township of T4 R3 WELS and Township 
of TA R2 WELS.
* * * * *
    Franklin County. Eustis area.
* * * * *
    Penobscot County. Pattern area.
    Piscataquis County. The townships of Shirley, Elliotsville, 
Greenville, T7R9 NWP, Katahdin Iron Works, TBR11 WELS, TBR10 WELS, 
TAR11 WELS, TAD10 WELS, Veazie Gore, T1R11 WELS, T1R10 WELS, and 
TrR10 WELS.
* * * * *
    Somerset County. The Township of East Moxie.
* * * * *

Ohio

* * * * *
    Morrow County. The entire county.
* * * * *

Virginia

* * * * *
    Montgomery County. The entire county.
* * * * *

    Done in Washington, DC, this 15th day of September 2009.
Kevin Shea,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. E9-22634 Filed 9-18-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P