[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 116 (Thursday, June 17, 2010)]
[Notices]
[Page 34422]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-14650]



[[Page 34422]]

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

[Docket No. APHIS-2010-0065]


Notice of Availability of a Pest Risk Analysis for the 
Importation of Fresh Mango Fruit From Pakistan Into the Continental 
United States

AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: We are advising the public that we have prepared a pest risk 
analysis that evaluates the risks associated with the importation of 
fresh mango fruit from Pakistan into the continental United States. 
Based on that analysis, we have concluded that the application of one 
or more designated phytosanitary measures will be sufficient to 
mitigate the pest risk. We are making the pest risk analysis available 
to the public for review and comment.

DATES: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before 
August 16, 2010.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to (http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/main?main=DocketDetail&d=APHIS-2010-0065) to submit or view comments 
and to view supporting and related materials available electronically.
     Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send one copy of 
your comment to Docket No. APHIS-2010-0065, Regulatory Analysis and 
Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, 
Riverdale, MD 20737-1238. Please state that your comment refers to 
Docket No. APHIS-2010-0065.
    Reading Room: You may read any comments that we receive on this 
docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of 
the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., 
Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to 
help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.
    Other Information: Additional information about APHIS and its 
programs is available on the Internet at (http://www.aphis.usda.gov).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Donna L. West, Senior Import 
Specialist, Regulatory Coordination and Compliance, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 
River Road Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 734-0627.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    Under the regulations in ``Subpart--Fruits and Vegetables'' (7 CFR 
319.56-1 through 319.56-50, referred to below as the regulations), the 
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture prohibits or restricts the importation of 
fruits and vegetables into the United States from certain parts of the 
world to prevent plant pests from being introduced into and spread 
within the United States.
    Section 319.56-4 contains a performance-based process for approving 
the importation of commodities that, based on the findings of a pest 
risk analysis, can be safely imported subject to one or more of the 
designated phytosanitary measures listed in paragraph (b) of that 
section. These measures are:
     The fruits or vegetables are subject to inspection upon 
arrival in the United States and comply with all applicable provisions 
of Sec.  319.56-3;
     The fruits or vegetables are imported from a pest-free 
area in the country of origin that meets the requirements of Sec.  
319.56-5 for freedom from that pest and are accompanied by a 
phytosanitary certificate stating that the fruits or vegetables 
originated in a pest-free area in the country of origin;
     The fruits or vegetables are treated in accordance with 7 
CFR part 305;
     The fruits or vegetables are inspected in the country of 
origin by an inspector or an official of the national plant protection 
organization of the exporting country, and have been found free of one 
or more specific quarantine pests identified by the risk analysis as 
likely to follow the import pathway; and/or
     The fruits or vegetables are imported as a commercial 
consignment.
    APHIS received a request from the Government of Pakistan to allow 
the importation of fresh mango fruits, Mangifera indica L., into the 
continental United States. Currently, fresh mango fruit is not 
authorized for entry from Pakistan. We completed a pest risk assessment 
to identify pests of quarantine significance that could follow the 
pathway of importation if such imports were to be allowed. Based on the 
pest risk assessment, we then completed a risk management document to 
identify phytosanitary measures that could be applied to mitigate the 
risks of introducing or disseminating the identified pests via the 
importation of fresh mango fruit from Pakistan. We have concluded that 
fresh mango fruit can safely be imported into the continental United 
States from Pakistan using one or more of the five designated 
phytosanitary measures listed in Sec.  319.56-4(b). Therefore, in 
accordance with Sec.  319.56-4(c), we are announcing the availability 
of our pest risk analysis for public review and comment. The analysis 
may be viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site or in our reading room 
(see ADDRESSES above for instructions for accessing Regulations.gov and 
information on the location and hours of the reading room). You may 
request paper copies of the analysis by calling or writing to the 
person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Please refer to 
the subject of the analysis that you wish to review when requesting 
copies.
    After reviewing any comments we receive, we will announce our 
decision regarding the import status of fresh mango fruit from Pakistan 
in a subsequent notice. If the overall conclusions of the analysis and 
the Administrator's determination of risk remain unchanged following 
our consideration of the comments, then we will begin issuing permits 
for the importation of fresh mango fruit from Pakistan into the 
continental United States subject to the requirements specified in the 
risk management document.

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 450, 7701-7772, and 7781-7786; 21 U.S.C. 136 
and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

    Done in Washington, DC, this 14\th\ day of June 2010.

Kevin Shea,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2010-14650 Filed 6-14-10: 4:15 pm]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-S