[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 7 (Wednesday, January 11, 2012)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 1618-1622]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-350]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 25

[Docket No. FAA-2012-0009; Special Conditions No. 25-454-SC]


Special Conditions: The Boeing Company, Model 767-300; Seats With 
Inflatable Lapbelts

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final special conditions; request for comments.

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SUMMARY: These special conditions are issued for the Boeing Model 767-
300 series airplanes. These airplanes will have a novel or unusual 
design feature associated with seats with inflatable lapbelts. The 
applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These special 
conditions contain the additional safety standards that the 
Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety 
equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards.

DATES: The effective date of these special conditions is January 5, 
2012. We must receive your comments by February 27, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Send comments identified by docket number FAA-2012-0009 
using any of the following methods:
     Federal eRegulations Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ and follow the online instructions for sending 
your comments electronically.
     Mail: Send comments to Docket Operations, M-30, U.S. 
Department of Transportation (DOT), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Room 
W12-140, West Building Ground Floor, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery or Courier: Take comments to Docket 
Operations in Room W12-140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 
New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
     Fax: Fax comments to Docket Operations at (202) 493-2251.
    Privacy: The FAA will post all comments it receives, without 
change, to http://www.regulations.gov/, including any personal 
information the commenter provides. Using the search function of the 
docket Web site, anyone can find and read the electronic form of all 
comments received into any FAA docket, including the name of the 
individual sending the comment (or signing the comment for an 
association, business, labor union, etc.). DOT's complete Privacy Act 
Statement can be found in the Federal Register published on April 11, 
2000 (65 FR 19477-19478), as well as at http://DocketsInfo.dot.gov/.
    Docket: Background documents or comments received may be read at 
http://www.regulations.gov/ at any time. Follow the online instructions 
for accessing the docket or go to the Docket Operations in Room W12-140 
of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., 
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
except Federal holidays.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Shelden, FAA, Airframe and Cabin 
Safety Branch, ANM-115, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft 
Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton, Washington 98057-
3356; telephone (425) 227-2785; facsimile (425) 227-1320.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA has determined that notice of, and 
opportunity for prior public comment on, these special conditions are 
impracticable because these procedures would significantly delay 
issuance of the design approval and thus delivery of the affected 
aircraft. In addition, the substance of these special conditions has 
been subject to the public comment process in several prior instances 
with no substantive comments received. The FAA therefore finds that 
good cause exists for making these special conditions effective upon 
issuance.

Comments Invited

    We invite interested people to take part in this rulemaking by 
sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments 
reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the 
reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data.
    We will consider all comments we receive by the closing date for 
comments. We may change these special conditions based on the comments 
we receive.

Background

    On April 19, 2011, The Boeing Company (hereafter referred to as 
``Boeing'') applied for a change to Type Certificate No. A1NM for the 
installation of inflatable lapbelts on

[[Page 1619]]

Boeing Model 767-300 series airplanes. The Model 767-300 is a transport 
category airplane powered by two turbo-fan engines with a maximum 
passenger capacity of 290 and a maximum takeoff weight of 351,600 
pounds. These special conditions are to allow installation of 
inflatable lapbelts for head injury protection on certain seats in the 
767-300 series airplanes similar to Special Conditions No. 25-187A-SC 
for Boeing Model 777 series airplanes and Special Conditions No. 25-
386-SC for Boeing Model 737 series airplanes.
    The inflatable lapbelt is designed to limit occupant forward 
excursion in the event of an accident. This will reduce the potential 
for head injury, thereby reducing the head injury criteria (HIC) 
measurement. The inflatable lapbelt behaves similarly to an automotive 
inflatable airbag, but in this case the airbag is integrated into the 
lapbelt and inflates away from the seated occupant. While inflatable 
airbags are now standard in the automotive industry, the use of an 
inflatable lapbelt is novel for commercial aviation.
    Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 121.311(j) requires 
that all passenger and flight attendant seats in transport category 
airplanes meet the requirements of Sec.  25.562 in effect on or after 
June 16, 1988, if they were type certificated after January 1, 1958, 
manufactured on or after October 27, 2009, and operated under part 121 
rules in passenger-carrying operations.
    Boeing is required to show compliance with certain aspects of Sec.  
25.562 as specified per Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) A1NM for the 
Model 767-300 (hereafter referred to as ``767-300'') series airplanes. 
However, 767-300 series airplanes manufactured on or after October 27, 
2009, operated under part 121, must meet all of the requirements of 
Sec.  25.562 for passenger and flight attendant seats. Thus, it is in 
the interest of installers to show full compliance to Sec.  25.562, so 
that an operator under part 121 may be able to use the aircraft without 
having to do additional certification work. It is also noted that some 
foreign civil airworthiness authorities have invoked these same 
operator requirements in the form of airworthiness directives.
    Section 25.785 requires that occupants be protected from head 
injury by either the elimination of any injurious object within the 
striking radius of the head, or by padding. Traditionally, this has 
required a set back of 35 inches from any bulkhead or other rigid 
interior feature or, where not practical, specified types of padding. 
The relative effectiveness of these means of injury protection was not 
quantified. With the adoption of Amendment 25-64 to 14 CFR part 25, 
specifically Sec.  25.562, a new standard that quantifies required head 
injury protection was created.
    Section 25.562 specifies that each seat type design approved for 
crew or passenger occupancy during takeoff and landing must be shown to 
be compliant by successful completion of dynamic tests or by rational 
analysis based on dynamic tests of a similar type seat. In particular, 
the regulations require that persons not suffer serious head injury 
under the conditions specified in the tests, and that protection must 
be provided, or the seat be designed, so that the head impact does not 
exceed a HIC of 1000 units. While the test conditions described for HIC 
are detailed and specific, it is the intent of the requirement that an 
adequate level of head injury protection be provided for passengers in 
a severe crash.
    Because Sec. Sec.  25.562 and 25.785 and associated guidance do not 
adequately address seats with inflatable lapbelts, the FAA recognizes 
that appropriate pass/fail criteria need to be developed that do fully 
address the safety concerns specific to occupants of these seats.

Type Certification Basis

    Under the provisions of Sec.  21.101, Boeing must show that the 
767-300, as changed, continues to meet the applicable provisions of the 
regulations incorporated by reference in Type Certificate No. A1NM or 
the applicable regulations in effect on the date of application for the 
change. The regulations incorporated by reference in the type 
certificate are commonly referred to as the ``original type 
certification basis.'' The regulations incorporated by reference in 
Type Certificate No. A1NM are as follows: part 25 of the Federal 
Aviation Regulations as amended by Amendments 25-1 through 25-37, 
except where superseded. The U.S. type certification basis for the 767-
300 is established in accordance with 14 CFR 21.29 and 21.17 and the 
type certification application date. The U.S. type certification basis 
is listed in TCDS No. A1NM.
    If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness 
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or 
appropriate safety standards for the Boeing Model 767-300 because of a 
novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed 
under the provisions of Sec.  21.16.
    Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which 
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended 
later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or 
unusual design feature, or should any other model already included on 
the same type certificate be modified to incorporate the same novel or 
unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the 
other model.
    In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special 
conditions, the 767-300 must comply with the fuel vent and exhaust 
emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and the noise certification 
requirements of 14 CFR part 36.
    The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in 
accordance with Sec.  11.38, and they become part of the type-
certification basis under Sec.  21.101.

Novel or Unusual Design Features

    The 767-300 will incorporate the following novel or unusual design 
features: Boeing is proposing to install an inflatable lapbelt on 
certain seats of the 767-300 series airplanes in order to reduce the 
potential for head injury in the event of an accident. The inflatable 
lapbelt works similarly to an automotive airbag, except that the airbag 
is integrated with the lapbelt of the restraint system.
    The CFR states the performance criteria for head injury protection 
in objective terms. However, none of these criteria are adequate to 
address the specific issues raised concerning seats with inflatable 
lapbelts. The FAA has therefore determined that, in addition to the 
requirements of 14 CFR part 25, special conditions are needed to 
address requirements particular to installation of seats with 
inflatable lapbelts.
    Accordingly, in addition to the passenger injury criteria specified 
in Sec.  25.785, these special conditions are proposed for the Boeing 
Model 767-300 series airplanes equipped with inflatable lapbelts. Other 
conditions may be developed, as needed, based on further FAA review and 
discussions with the manufacturer and civil aviation authorities.

Discussion

    From the standpoint of a passenger safety system, the inflatable 
lapbelt is unique in that it is both an active and entirely autonomous 
device. While the automotive industry has good experience with 
inflatable airbags, the conditions of use and reliance on the 
inflatable lapbelt as the sole means of injury protection are quite 
different. In automobile installations, the airbag is a supplemental 
system and works in conjunction with an upper torso restraint. In 
addition, the crash event is

[[Page 1620]]

more definable and of typically shorter duration, which can simplify 
the activation logic. The airplane operating environment is also quite 
different from automobiles and includes the potential for greater wear 
and tear and unanticipated abuse conditions (due to galley loading, 
passenger baggage, etc.); airplanes also operate where exposure to high 
intensity electromagnetic fields could affect the activation system.
    The inflatable lapbelt has two potential advantages over other 
means of head impact protection. First, it can provide significantly 
greater protection than would be expected with energy-absorbing pads, 
and second, it can provide essentially equivalent protection for 
occupants of all stature. These are significant advantages from a 
safety standpoint, since such devices will likely provide a level of 
safety that exceeds the minimum standards of the Federal aviation 
regulations. Conversely, inflatable lapbelts in general are active 
systems and must be relied upon to activate properly when needed, as 
opposed to an energy-absorbing pad or upper torso restraint that is 
passive, and always available. Therefore, the potential advantages must 
be balanced against these and other potential disadvantages in order to 
develop standards for this design feature.
    The FAA has considered the installation of inflatable lapbelts to 
have two primary safety concerns: First, that they perform properly 
under foreseeable operating conditions, and second, that they do not 
perform in a manner or at such times as would constitute a hazard to 
the airplane or occupants. This latter point has the potential to be 
the more rigorous of the requirements, owing to the active nature of 
the system.
    The inflatable lapbelt will rely on electronic sensors for 
signaling and pyrotechnic charges for activation so that it is 
available when needed. These same devices could be susceptible to 
inadvertent activation, causing deployment in a potentially unsafe 
manner. The consequences of such deployment, as well as failure to 
deploy, must be considered in establishing the reliability of the 
system. Boeing must substantiate that the effects of an inadvertent 
deployment in flight are either not a hazard to the airplane, or that 
such deployment is an extremely improbable occurrence (less than 
10-9 per flight hour). The effect of an inadvertent 
deployment on a passenger or crewmember that might be positioned close 
to the inflatable lapbelt should also be considered. The person could 
be either standing or sitting. A minimum reliability level will have to 
be established for this case, depending upon the consequences, even if 
the effect on the airplane is negligible.
    The potential for an inadvertent deployment could be increased as a 
result of conditions in service. The installation must take into 
account wear and tear so that the likelihood of an inadvertent 
deployment is not increased to an unacceptable level. In this context, 
an appropriate inspection interval and self-test capability are 
considered necessary. Other outside influences are lightning and high 
intensity radiated fields (HIRF). Existing regulations regarding 
lightning, Sec.  25.1316, and existing HIRF special conditions for the 
767-300 series airplanes, Special Conditions No. 25-ANM-18, are 
applicable. For the purposes of compliance with those conditions, if 
inadvertent deployment could cause a hazard to the airplane, the 
inflatable lapbelt is considered a critical system; if inadvertent 
deployment could cause injuries to persons, the inflatable lapbelt 
should be considered an essential system. Finally, the inflatable 
lapbelt installation should be protected from the effects of fire, so 
that an additional hazard is not created by, for example, a rupture of 
the pyrotechnic squib.
    In order to be an effective safety system, the inflatable lapbelt 
must function properly and must not introduce any additional hazards to 
occupants as a result of its functioning. There are several areas where 
the inflatable lapbelt differs from traditional occupant protection 
systems and requires special conditions to ensure adequate performance.
    Because the inflatable lapbelt is essentially a single use device, 
there is the potential that it could deploy under crash conditions that 
are not sufficiently severe as to require head injury protection from 
the inflatable lapbelt. Since an actual crash is frequently composed of 
a series of impacts before the airplane comes to rest, this could 
render the inflatable lapbelt useless if a larger impact follows the 
initial impact. This situation does not exist with energy absorbing 
pads or upper torso restraints, which tend to provide continuous 
protection regardless of severity or number of impacts in a crash 
event. Therefore, the inflatable lapbelt installation should be such 
that the inflatable lapbelt will provide protection when it is 
required, by not expending its protection during a less severe impact. 
Also, it is possible to have several large impact events during the 
course of a crash, but there will be no requirement for the inflatable 
lapbelt to provide protection for multiple impacts.
    Since each occupant's restraint system provides protection for that 
occupant only, the installation must address seats that are unoccupied. 
It will be necessary to show that the required protection is provided 
for each occupant regardless of the number of occupied seats, and 
considering that unoccupied seats may have lapbelts that are active.
    The inflatable lap belt should be effective for a wide range of 
occupants. The FAA has historically considered the range from the fifth 
percentile female to the ninety-fifth percentile male as the range of 
occupants that must be taken into account. In this case, the FAA is 
proposing consideration of a broader range of occupants, due to the 
nature of the lapbelt installation and its close proximity to the 
occupant. In a similar vein, these persons could have assumed the brace 
position for those accidents where an impact is anticipated. Test data 
indicate that occupants in the brace position do not require 
supplemental protection, and so it would not be necessary to show that 
the inflatable lapbelt will enhance the brace position. However, the 
inflatable lapbelt must not introduce a hazard in that case when 
deploying into the seated, braced occupant.
    Another area of concern is the use of seats, so equipped, by 
children whether lap-held, in approved child safety seats, or occupying 
the seat directly. Although specifically prohibited by the FAA 
operating regulations, the use of the supplementary loop belt (``belly 
belt'') may be required by other civil aviation authorities, and should 
also be considered with the end goal of meeting those regulations. 
Similarly, if the seat is occupied by a pregnant woman, the 
installation needs to address such usage, either by demonstrating that 
it will function properly, or by adding appropriate limitation on 
usage.
    Since the inflatable lapbelt will be electrically powered, there is 
the possibility that the system could fail due to a separation in the 
fuselage. Since this system is intended as crash/post-crash protection 
means, failure due to fuselage separation is not acceptable. As with 
emergency lighting, the system should function properly if such a 
separation occurs at any point in the fuselage.
    Since the inflatable lapbelt is likely to have a large volume 
displacement, the inflated bag could potentially impede egress of 
passengers. Since the bag deflates to absorb energy, it is likely that 
an inflatable lapbelt would be deflated at the time that persons would 
be trying to leave their seats. Nonetheless, it is considered 
appropriate to specify a time

[[Page 1621]]

interval after which the inflatable lapbelt may not impede rapid 
egress. Ten seconds has been chosen as a reasonable time since this 
corresponds to the maximum time allowed for an exit to be openable 
(Sec.  25.809). In actuality, it is unlikely that an exit would be 
prepared by a flight attendant this quickly in an accident severe 
enough to warrant deployment of the inflatable lapbelt, and the 
inflatable lapbelt will likely deflate much quicker than ten seconds.
    This potential impediment to rapid egress is even more critical at 
the seats installed in the emergency exit rows. Section 25.813 requires 
access to the exit from the main aisle in the form of an unobstructed 
passageway and no interference in opening the exit. The restraint 
system must not create an impediment to the access to, and the opening 
of, the exit. In some cases, the passenger is the one who will open the 
exit, such as a Type III over wing hatch. These lapbelts should be 
evaluated in the exit row under existing regulations (Sec. Sec.  25.809 
and 25.813) and guidance material. The inflatable lapbelts must also be 
evaluated in post crash conditions and should be evaluated using 
representative restraint systems in the bag-deployed condition. This 
evaluation would include reviewing the access to and opening of the 
exit, specifically for obstructions in the egress path and any 
interferences in opening the exit. Each unique interior configuration 
must be considered, for example, passageway width, single or dual 
passageways with outboard seat removed, etc. If the restraint creates 
any obstruction or interference, it is likely that it could impede the 
rapid egress of the airplane. Project-specific guidance is likely 
necessary if these restraint systems are installed at exit door rows.
    The current special conditions for the Boeing 777 series airplanes, 
Special Conditions No. 25-187A-SC, were amended to address flammability 
of the airbag material. During the development of the inflatable 
lapbelt, the manufacturer was unable to develop a fabric that would 
meet the inflation requirements for the bag and the flammability 
requirements of part I, paragraph (a)(1)(ii), of appendix F to part 25. 
The fabrics that were developed that met the flammability requirement 
did not produce acceptable deployment characteristics. However, the 
manufacturer was able to develop a fabric that meets the less stringent 
flammability requirements of part I, paragraph (a)(1)(iv), of appendix 
F to part 25 and has acceptable deployment characteristics.
    Part I of appendix F to part 25 specifies the flammability 
requirements for interior materials and components. There is no 
reference to inflatable restraint systems in appendix F, because such 
devices did not exist at the time the flammability requirements were 
written. The existing requirements are based on both material types, as 
well as use, and have been specified in light of the state-of-the-art 
of materials available to perform a given function. In the absence of a 
specific reference, the default requirement would be for the type of 
material used to construct the inflatable restraint, which is a fabric 
in this case. However, in writing special conditions, the FAA must also 
consider the use of the material, and whether the default requirement 
is appropriate. In this case, the specialized function of the 
inflatable restraint means that highly specialized materials are 
needed. The standard normally applied to fabrics is a 12-second 
vertical ignition test. However, materials that meet this standard do 
not perform adequately as inflatable restraints. Since the safety 
benefit of the inflatable restraint is very significant, the 
flammability standard appropriate for these devices should not screen 
out suitable materials, thereby effectively eliminating use of 
inflatable restraints. The FAA will need to establish a balance between 
the safety benefit of the inflatable restraint and its flammability 
performance. At this time, the 2.5-inch per minute horizontal test is 
considered to provide that balance. As the state-of-the-art in 
materials progresses (which is expected), the FAA may change this 
standard in subsequent special conditions to account for improved 
materials.
    The following special conditions can be characterized as addressing 
either the safety performance of the system or the system's integrity 
against inadvertent activation. Because a crash requiring use of the 
inflatable lapbelts is a relatively rare event, and because the 
consequences of an inadvertent activation are potentially quite severe, 
these latter requirements are probably the more rigorous from a design 
standpoint.
    Finally, it should be noted that the special conditions are 
applicable to the inflatable lapbelt system as installed. The special 
conditions are not an installation approval. Therefore, while the 
special conditions relate to each such system installed, the overall 
installation approval is a separate finding and must consider the 
combined effects of all such systems installed.

Applicability

    As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the 
767-300. Should Boeing apply at a later date for a change to the type 
certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or 
unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to that 
model as well.

Conclusion

    This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features 
on one model of airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability.
    The substance of these special conditions has been subjected to the 
notice and comment period in several prior instances and has been 
derived without substantive change from those previously issued. It is 
unlikely that prior public comment would result in a significant change 
from the substance contained herein. Therefore, because a delay would 
significantly affect the certification of the airplane, which is 
imminent, the FAA has determined that prior public notice and comment 
are unnecessary and impracticable, and good cause exists for adopting 
these special conditions upon issuance. The FAA is requesting comments 
to allow interested persons to submit views that may not have been 
submitted in response to the prior opportunities for comment described 
above.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25

    Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

    The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.

The Special Conditions

    Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the following special conditions are issued as part of 
the type certification basis for Boeing Model 767-300 airplanes.
    1. Seats with Inflatable Lapbelts. It must be shown that the 
inflatable lapbelt will deploy and provide protection under crash 
conditions where it is necessary to prevent serious head injury. The 
means of protection must take into consideration a range of stature 
from a two-year-old child to a ninety-fifth percentile male. The 
inflatable lapbelt must provide a consistent approach to energy 
absorption throughout that range of occupants. In addition, the 
following situations must be considered:
    a. The seat occupant is holding an infant.

[[Page 1622]]

    b. The seat occupant is a child in a child restraint device.
    c. The seat occupant is a child not using a child restraint device.
    d. The seat occupant is a pregnant woman.
    2. The inflatable lapbelt must provide adequate protection for each 
occupant regardless of the number of occupants of the seat assembly, 
considering that unoccupied seats may have active seatbelts.
    3. The design must prevent the inflatable lapbelt from being either 
incorrectly buckled or incorrectly installed such that the inflatable 
lapbelt would not properly deploy. Alternatively, it must be shown that 
such deployment is not hazardous to the occupant and will provide the 
required head injury protection.
    4. It must be shown that the inflatable lapbelt system is not 
susceptible to inadvertent deployment as a result of wear and tear or 
inertial loads resulting from in-flight or ground maneuvers (including 
gusts and hard landings) likely to be experienced in service.
    5. Deployment of the inflatable lapbelt must not introduce injury 
mechanisms to the seated occupant or result in injuries that could 
impede rapid egress. This assessment should include an occupant who is 
in the brace position when it deploys and an occupant whose belt is 
loosely fastened.
    6. It must be shown that inadvertent deployment of the inflatable 
lapbelt, during the most critical part of the flight, will either not 
cause a hazard to the airplane or its occupants, or meets the 
requirements of Sec.  25.1309(b).
    7. It must be shown that the inflatable lapbelt will not impede 
rapid egress of occupants 10 seconds after its deployment.
    8. The system must be protected from lightning and HIRF. The 
threats specified in existing regulations regarding lightning, Sec.  
25.1316, and existing HIRF special conditions for the Boeing Model 767 
series aircraft, Special Conditions No. 25-ANM-18, are incorporated by 
reference for the purpose of measuring lightning and HIRF protection. 
For the purposes of complying with HIRF requirements, the inflatable 
lapbelt system is considered a ``critical system'' if its deployment 
could have a hazardous effect on the airplane; otherwise, it is 
considered an ``essential'' system.
    9. Inflatable lapbelts, once deployed, must not adversely affect 
the emergency lighting system (i.e., block proximity lights to the 
extent that the lights no longer meet their intended function).
    10. The inflatable lapbelt must function properly after loss of 
normal aircraft electrical power and after a transverse separation of 
the fuselage at the most critical location. A separation at the 
location of the lapbelt does not have to be considered.
    11. It must be shown that the inflatable lapbelt will not release 
hazardous quantities of gas or particulate matter into the cabin.
    12. The inflatable lapbelt installation must be protected from the 
effects of fire such that no hazard to occupants will result.
    13. There must be a means for a crewmember to verify the integrity 
of the inflatable lapbelt activation system prior to each flight, or it 
must be demonstrated to operate reliably between inspection intervals. 
The FAA considers the loss of the airbag system deployment function 
alone (i.e., independent of the conditional event that requires the 
airbag system deployment) to be a major failure condition.
    14. The inflatable material may not have an average burn rate of 
greater than 2.5 inches/minute when tested using the horizontal 
flammability test as defined in 14 CFR part 25, appendix F, part I, 
paragraph (b)(5).

    Issued in Renton, Washington, on January 5, 2012.
Ali Bahrami,
Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service, ANM-100.
[FR Doc. 2012-350 Filed 1-10-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P