[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 85 (Wednesday, May 2, 2012)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 25944-25949]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-10455]


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DEPARTMENT OF STATE

22 CFR Part 121

RIN 1400-AD02
[Public Notice 7861]


Amendment to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: 
Revision of U.S. Munitions List Category V.

AGENCY: Department of State.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: As part of the President's Export Control Reform effort, the 
Department of State proposes to amend the International Traffic in Arms 
Regulations (ITAR) to revise Category V (explosives and energetic 
materials, propellants, incendiary agents, and their constituents) of 
the U.S. Munitions List (USML) to describe more precisely the articles 
warranting control on the USML.

[[Page 25945]]


DATES: The Department of State will accept comments on this proposed 
rule until June 18, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Interested parties may submit comments within 45 days of the 
date of publication by one of the following methods:
     Email: DDTCResponseTeam@state.gov with the subject line, 
``ITAR Amendment--Category V.''
     Internet: At www.regulations.gov, search for this notice 
by using this rule's RIN (1400-AD02).
    Comments received after that date will be considered if feasible, 
but consideration cannot be assured. Those submitting comments should 
not include any personally identifying information they do not desire 
to be made public or information for which a claim of confidentiality 
is asserted because those comments and/or transmittal emails will be 
made available for public inspection and copying after the close of the 
comment period via the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Web site 
at www.pmddtc.state.gov. Parties who wish to comment anonymously may do 
so by submitting their comments via www.regulations.gov, leaving the 
fields that would identify the commenter blank and including no 
identifying information in the comment itself. Comments submitted via 
www.regulations.gov are immediately available for public inspection.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Candace M. J. Goforth, Acting 
Director, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, Department of State, 
telephone (202) 663-2792; email DDTCResponseTeam@state.gov. ATTN: 
Regulatory Change, USML Category V.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls 
(DDTC), U.S. Department of State, administers the International Traffic 
in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (22 CFR parts 120-130). The items subject to 
the jurisdiction of the ITAR, i.e., ``defense articles,'' are 
identified on the ITAR's U.S. Munitions List (USML) (22 CFR 121.1). 
With few exceptions, items not subject to the export control 
jurisdiction of the ITAR are subject to the jurisdiction of the Export 
Administration Regulations (``EAR,'' 15 CFR parts 730-774, which 
includes the Commerce Control List in Supplement No. 1 to Part 774), 
administered by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), U.S. 
Department of Commerce. Both the ITAR and the EAR impose license 
requirements on exports and reexports. Items not subject to the ITAR or 
to the exclusive licensing jurisdiction of any other set of regulations 
are subject to the EAR.

Export Control Reform Update

    The Departments of State and Commerce described in their respective 
Advanced Notices of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) in December 2010 the 
Administration's plan to make the USML and the CCL positive, tiered, 
and aligned so that eventually they can be combined into a single 
control list (see ``Commerce Control List: Revising Descriptions of 
Items and Foreign Availability,'' 75 FR 76664 (December 9, 2010) and 
``Revision to the United States Munitions List,'' 75 FR 76935 (December 
10, 2010)). The notices also called for the establishment of a ``bright 
line'' between the USML and the CCL to reduce government and industry 
uncertainty regarding export jurisdiction by clarifying whether 
particular items are subject to the jurisdiction of the ITAR or the 
EAR. While these remain the Administration's ultimate Export Control 
Reform objectives, their concurrent implementation would be problematic 
in the near term. In order to more quickly reach the national security 
objectives of greater interoperability with U.S. allies, enhancing the 
defense industrial base, and permitting the U.S. Government to focus 
its resources on controlling and monitoring the export and reexport of 
more significant items to destinations, end-uses, and end-users of 
greater concern than NATO allies and other multi-regime partners, the 
Administration has decided, as an interim step, to propose and 
implement revisions to both the USML and the CCL that are more 
positive, but not yet tiered.
    Specifically, based in part on a review of the comments received in 
response to the December 2010 notices, the Administration has 
determined that fundamentally altering the structure of the USML by 
tiering and aligning it on a category-by-category basis would 
significantly disrupt the export control compliance systems and 
procedures of exporters and reexporters. For example, until the entire 
USML was revised and became final, some USML categories would follow 
the legacy numbering and control structures while the newly revised 
categories would follow a completely different numbering structure. In 
order to allow for the national security benefits to flow from re-
aligning the jurisdictional status of defense articles that no longer 
warrant control on the USML on a category-by-category basis while 
minimizing the impact on exporters' internal control and jurisdictional 
and classification marking systems, the Administration plans to proceed 
with building positive lists now and afterward return to structural 
changes.

Revision of Category V

    This proposed rule revises USML Category V, covering explosives and 
energetic materials, propellants, incendiary agents, and their 
constituents, to establish a clear ``bright line'' between the USML and 
the CCL for the control of these articles.
    One major change proposed to this category involves removal of 
broad catchalls with the listing of specific materials that warrant 
ITAR control caught by current catchalls. For example, paragraph 
(a)(35) as currently written broadly controls, ``Any other explosive 
not elsewhere identified in this category specifically designed, 
modified, adapted, or configured (e.g., formulated) for military 
application.'' This catchall is being removed. Examples of materials 
added because of deletion of catchalls are as follows: tetrazines (BTAT 
(Bis(2,2,2-trinitroethyl)-3,6-diaminotetrazine); LAX-112 (3,6-diamino- 
1,2,4,5-tetrazine- 1,4dioxide); PNO (Poly(3-nitrato oxetane); 4,5 
diazidomethyl-2-methyl-1,2,3-triazole (iso- DAMTR)); TEPB (Tris 
(ethoxyphenyl) bismuth) (CAS 90591-48-3); and TEX (4,10-Dinitro-
2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazaisowurtzitane). Those materials currently 
captured in the catchalls that do not warrant control on the USML are 
to be controlled on the CCL. Examples of such materials to be removed 
from various catchalls and controlled on the CCL are spherical aluminum 
powder and hydrazine and its derivatives.
    Another major change proposed to this category involves addressing 
U.S. obligations to multinational regimes. There is a limited catchall 
(a)(32) that is being changed from 8700 meters per second to 8000 
meters per second to match the criteria from the Nuclear Suppliers 
Group. The proposed revision would read as follows (see paragraph 
(a)(38)): ``Explosives, not otherwise enumerated in this paragraph or 
on the CCL in ECCN 1C608, with a detonation velocity exceeding 8,000m/s 
at maximum density or a detonation pressure exceeding 34 Gpa (340 
kbar).'' Additional hydrazine materials are specified by the Missile 
Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and these entries were added.
    Additionally, some materials are to be added that are significant 
to the military but have little commercial application. For example, 
DNAN (2,4 Dinitroanisole), a military explosive currently covered by 
the catchall in

[[Page 25946]]

(a)(35), will be controlled in paragraph (a)(11).

Request for Comments

    As the U.S. Government works through the proposed revisions to the 
USML, some solutions have been adopted that were determined to be the 
best of available options. With the thought that multiple perspectives 
would be beneficial to the USML revision process, the Department 
welcomes the assistance of users of the lists and requests input on the 
following:
    (1) A key goal of this rulemaking is to ensure the USML and the CCL 
together control all the items that meet Wassenaar Arrangement 
commitments embodied in Munitions List Category 8 (WA-ML8). To that 
end, the public is asked to identify any potential lack of coverage 
brought about by the proposed rules for Category V contained in this 
notice and the new Category 1 ECCNs published separately by the 
Department of Commerce when reviewed together.
    (2) The key goal of this rulemaking is to establish a ``bright 
line'' between the USML and the CCL for the control of these materials. 
The public is asked to provide specific examples of explosives and 
energetic materials whose jurisdiction would be in doubt based on this 
revision.

Regulatory Analysis and Notices

Administrative Procedure Act

    The Department of State is of the opinion that controlling the 
import and export of defense articles and services is a foreign affairs 
function of the United States Government and that rules implementing 
this function are exempt from Sec.  553 (Rulemaking) and Sec.  554 
(Adjudications) of the Administrative Procedure Act. Although the 
Department is of the opinion that this rule is exempt from the 
rulemaking provisions of the APA, the Department is publishing this 
rule with a 45-day provision for public comment and without prejudice 
to its determination that controlling the import and export of defense 
services is a foreign affairs function. As noted above, and also 
without prejudice to the Department position that this rulemaking is 
not subject to the APA, the Department previously published a related 
Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (RIN 1400-AC78), and accepted 
comments for 60 days.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Since the Department is of the opinion that this rule is exempt 
from the rulemaking provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553, it does not require 
analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    This proposed amendment does not involve a mandate that will result 
in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the 
aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any 
year and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small 
governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the 
provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996

    This proposed amendment has been found not to be a major rule 
within the meaning of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
Fairness Act of 1996.

Executive Orders 12372 and 13132

    This proposed amendment will not have substantial direct effects on 
the States, on the relationship between the national government and the 
States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the 
various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive 
Order 13132, it is determined that this proposed amendment does not 
have sufficient federalism implications to require consultations or 
warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. The 
regulations implementing Executive Order 12372 regarding 
intergovernmental consultation on Federal programs and activities do 
not apply to this proposed amendment.

Executive Order 12866

    The Department is of the opinion that controlling the import and 
export of defense articles and services is a foreign affairs function 
of the United States Government and that rules governing the conduct of 
this function are exempt from the requirements of Executive Order 
12866. However, the Department has reviewed the proposed rule to ensure 
its consistency with the regulatory philosophy and principles set forth 
in the Executive Order.

Executive Order 13563

    The Department of State has considered this rule in light of 
Executive Order 13563, dated January 18, 2011, and affirms that this 
regulation is consistent with the guidance therein.

Executive Order 12988

    The Department of State has reviewed the proposed amendment in 
light of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988 to 
eliminate ambiguity, minimize litigation, establish clear legal 
standards, and reduce burden.

Executive Order 13175

    The Department of State has determined that this rulemaking will 
not have tribal implications, will not impose substantial direct 
compliance costs on Indian tribal governments, and will not preempt 
tribal law. Accordingly, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this 
rulemaking.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This proposed amendment does not impose any new reporting or 
recordkeeping requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 
U.S.C. Chapter 35.

List of Subjects in 22 CFR Part 121

    Arms and munitions, Exports.

    Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, Title 22, Chapter I, 
Subchapter M, part 121 is proposed to be amended as follows:

PART 121--THE UNITED STATES MUNITIONS LIST

    1. The authority citation for part 121 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority:  Secs. 2, 38, and 71, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 
(22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778, 2797); E.O. 11958, 42 FR 4311; 3 CFR, 1977 
Comp. p. 79; 22 U.S.C. 2651a; Pub. L. 105-261, 112 Stat. 1920.

    2. Section 121.1 is amended by revising U.S. Munitions List 
Category V to read as follows:


Sec.  121.1  General. The United States Munitions List.

* * * * *

Category V--Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants, Incendiary 
Agents, and Their Constituents

    *(a) Explosives, and mixtures thereof, as follows:
    (1) ADNBF (aminodinitrobenzofuroxan or 7-Amino 4,6-
dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide) (CAS 97096-78-1);
    (2) BNCP (cis-bis(5-nitrotetrazolato) tetra amine-cobalt (III) 
perchlorate) (CAS 117412-28-9);
    (3) CL-14 (diaminodinitrobenzofuroxan or 5,7-diamino-4,6-
dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide) (CAS 117907-74-1);
    (4) CL-20 (HNIW or Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane) (CAS 135285-90-
4); clathrates of CL-20;
    (5) CP (2-(5-cyanotetrazolato) penta aminecobalt (III) perchlorate) 
(CAS 70247-32-4);

[[Page 25947]]

    (6) DADE (1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene, FOX-7);
    (7) DATB (Diaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 1630-08-6);
    (8) DDFP (1,4-dinitrodifurazanopiperazine);
    (9) DDPO (2,6-diamino-3,5-dinitropyrazine-1-oxide, PZO) (CAS 
194486-77-6);
    (10) DIPAM (3,3'-Diamino-2,2',4,4',6,6'-hexanitrobiphenyl or 
dipicramide) (CAS 17215-44-0);
    (11) DNAN (2,4-Dinitroanisole) (CAS 119-27-7);
    (12) DNGU (DINGU or dinitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-04-8);
    (13) Furazans, as follows:
    (i) DAAOF (DAAF, DAAFox, or diaminoazoxyfurazan);
    (ii) DAAzF (diaminoazofurazan) (CAS 78644-90-3);
    (iii) ANF (Furazanamine, 4-nitro- or 3-Amino-4-nitrofurazan; or 4-
Nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-amine; or 4-Nitro-3-furazanamine; CAS 66328-69-
6); or
    (iv) ANAzF (Aminonitroazofurazan or 1,2,5-Oxadiazol-3-amine, 4-[2-
(4-nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl) diazenyl]; or 1,2,5-Oxadiazol-3-amine, 
4-[(4-nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl)azo]-(9CI); or Furazanamine, 4-
[(nitrofurananyl)azo]-; or 4-[(4-Nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl)azo]-1,2,5-
oxadiazol-3-amine) (CAS 155438-11-2);
    (14) GUDN (Guanylurea dinitramide) FOX-12 (CAS 217464-38-5);
    (15) HMX and derivatives, as follows:
    (i) HMX (Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine; octahydro-1,3,5,7-
tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazine; 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraza-
cyclooctane; octogen, octogene) (CAS 2691-41-0);
    (ii) Difluoroaminated analogs of HMX; or
    (iii) K-55 (2,4,6,8-tetranitro-2,4,6,8-tetraazabicyclo [3,3,0]-
octanone-3, tetranitrosemiglycouril, or keto-bicyclic HMX) (CAS 130256-
72-3);
    (16) HNAD (hexanitroadamantane) (CAS 143850-71-9);
    (17) HNS (hexanitrostilbene) (CAS 20062-22-0);
    (18) Imidazoles, as follows:
    (i) BNNII (Octohydro-2,5-bis(nitroimino) imidazo [4,5-d]imidazole);
    (ii) DNI (2,4-dinitroimidazole) (CAS 5213-49-0);
    (iii) FDIA (1-fluoro-2,4-dinitroimidazole);
    (iv) NTDNIA (N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2,4-dinitro-imidazole); or
    (v) PTIA (1-picryl-2,4,5-trinitroimidazole);
    (19) NTNMH (1-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2-dinitromethylene hydrazine);
    (20) NTO (ONTA or 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one) (CAS 932-64-9);
    (21) Polynitrocubanes with more than four nitro groups;
    (22) PYX (2,6-Bis(picrylamino)-3,5-dinitropyridine) (CAS 38082-89-
2);
    (23) RDX and derivatives, as follows:
    (i) RDX (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine), cyclonite, T4, hexahydro-
1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triaza-cyclohexane, 
hexogen, or hexogene) (CAS 121-82-4);
    (ii) Keto-RDX (K-6 or 2,4,6-trinitro-2,4,6-triazacyclohexanone) 
(CAS 115029-35-1); or
    (iii) Difluoraminated derivative of RDX; 1,3-Dinitro-5,5-
bis(difluoramino)1,3-diazahexane (CAS No. 193021-34-0);
    (24) TAGN (Triaminoguanidinenitrate) (CAS 4000-16-2);
    (25) TATB (Triaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 3058-38-6);
    (26) TEDDZ (3,3,7,7-tetrakis(difluoroamine) octahydro-1,5-dinitro-
1,5-diazocine;
    (27) Tetrazines, as follows:
    (i) BTAT (Bis(2,2,2-trinitroethyl)-3,6-diaminotetrazine); or
    (ii) LAX-112 (3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine-1,4-dioxide);
    (28) Tetrazoles, as follows:
    (i) NTAT (nitrotriazolaminotetrazole); or
    (ii) NTNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-4-nitrotetrazole);
    (29) Tetryl (trinitrophenylmethylnitramine) (CAS 479-45-8);
    (30) TEX (4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazaisowurtzitane)
    (31) TNAD (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-1,4,5,8-tetraazadecalin) (CAS 135877-
16-6);
    (32) TNAZ (1,3,3-trinitroazetidine) (CAS 97645-24-4);
    (33) TNGU (SORGUYL or tetranitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-03-7);
    (34) TNP (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-pyridazino [4,5-d] pyridazine) (CAS 
229176-04-9);
    (35) Triazines, as follows:
    (i) DNAM (2-oxy-4,6-dinitroamino-s-triazine) (CAS 19899-80-0); or
    (ii) NNHT (2-nitroimino-5-nitro-hexahydro-1,3,5 triazine) (CAS 
130400-13-4);
    (36) Triazoles, as follows:
    (i) 5-azido-2-nitrotriazole;
    (ii) ADHTDN (4-amino-3,5-dihydrazino-1,2,4-triazole dinitramide) 
(CAS 1614-08-0);
    (iii) ADNT (1-amino-3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole);
    (iv) BDNTA (Bis(dinitrotriazole)amine);
    (v) DBT (3,3'-dinitro-5,5-bi-1,2,4-triazole) (CAS 30003-46-4);
    (vi) DNBT (dinitrobistriazole) (CAS 70890-46-9);
    (vii) NTDNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo) 3,5-dinitro-triazole);
    (viii) PDNT (1-picryl-3,5-dinitrotriazole); or
    (ix) TACOT (tetranitrobenzotriazolobenzotriazole) (CAS 25243-36-1);
    (37) Energetic ionic materials melting between 70 and 100 degrees C 
and with detonation velocity exceeding 6800 m/s or detonation pressure 
exceeding 18 GPa (180 kbar); or
    (38) Explosives, not otherwise enumerated in this paragraph or on 
the CCL in ECCN 1C608, with a detonation velocity exceeding 8,000m/s at 
maximum density or a detonation pressure exceeding 34 Gpa (340 kbar).
    *(b) Propellants, as follows:
    (1) Any solid propellant with a theoretical specific impulse (see 
paragraph (k)(4) of this category) greater than:
    (i) 240 seconds for non-metallized, non-halogenated propellant;
    (ii) 250 seconds for non-metallized, halogenated propellant; or
    (iii) 260 seconds for metallized propellant;
    (2) Propellants having a force constant of more than 1,200 kJ/Kg;
    (3) Propellants that can sustain a steady-state burning rate more 
than 38mm/s under standard conditions (as measured in the form of an 
inhibited single strand) of 6.89 Mpa (68.9 bar) pressure and 294K (21 
[deg]C); or
    (4) Elastomer-modified cast double-based propellants with 
extensibility at maximum stress greater than 5% at 233 K (-40 [deg]C).
    (c) Pyrotechnics, fuels and related substances, and mixtures 
thereof, as follows:
    (1) Alane (aluminum hydride) (CAS 7784-21-6);
    (2) Carboranes; decaborane (CAS 17702-41-9); pentaborane and 
derivatives thereof;
    (3) Liquid high energy density fuels, as follows:
    (i) Mixed fuels that incorporate both solid and liquid fuels, such 
as boron slurry, having a mass-based energy density of 40 MJ/kg or 
greater; or
    (ii) Other high energy density fuels and fuel additives (e.g., 
cubane, ionic solutions, JP-7, JP-10) having a volume-based energy 
density of 37.5 GJ per cubic meter or greater, measured at 20 [deg]C 
and one atmosphere (101.325 kPa) pressure;

    Note to paragraph (c)(3)(ii): JP-4, JP-8, fossil refined fuels 
or biofuels, or fuels for engines certified for use in civil 
aviation are not included.

    (4) Metal fuels, and fuel or pyrotechnic mixtures in particle form 
whether spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked, or ground,

[[Page 25948]]

manufactured from material consisting of 99% or more of any of the 
following:
    (i) Metals, and mixtures thereof, as follows:
    (A) Beryllium (CAS 7440-41-7) in particle sizes of less than 60 
micrometers; or
    (B) Iron powder (CAS 7439-89-6) with particle size of 3 micrometers 
or less produced by reduction of iron oxide with hydrogen;
    (ii) Fuel mixtures or pyrotechnic mixtures, which contain any of 
the following:
    (A) Boron (CAS 7440-42-8) or boron carbide (CAS 12069-32-8) fuels 
of 85% purity or higher and particle sizes of less than 60 micrometers; 
or
    (B) Zirconium (CAS 7440-67-7), magnesium (CAS 7439-95-4), or alloys 
of these in particle sizes of less than 60 micrometers;
    (iii) Explosives and fuels containing the metals or alloys listed 
in paragraphs (c)(4)(i) and (c)(4)(ii) of this category whether or not 
the metals or alloys are encapsulated in aluminum, magnesium, 
zirconium, or beryllium;
    (5) Fuel, pyrotechnic, or energetic mixtures having any nanosized 
aluminum, beryllium, boron, zirconium, magnesium, or titanium as 
follows:
    (i) Having particle size less than 200 nm in any direction; and
    (ii) Having 60% or higher purity;
    (6) Pyrotechnic and pyrophoric materials, as follows:
    (i) Pyrotechnic or pyrophoric materials specifically formulated to 
enhance or control the production of radiated energy in any part of the 
IR spectrum; or
    (ii) Mixtures of magnesium, polytetrafluoroethylene and the 
copolymer vinylidene difluoride and hexafluoropropylene (MTV);
    (7) Titanium subhydride (TiHn) of stoichiometry equivalent to n = 
0.65-1.68; or
    (8) Hydrocarbon fuels specially formulated for use in flame 
throwers or incendiary munitions containing metal stearates (e.g., 
octal) or palmitates, and M1, M2, and M3 thickeners.
    (d) Oxidizers, as follows:
    (1) ADN (ammonium dinitramide or SR-12) (CAS 140456-78-6);
    (2) AP (ammonium perchlorate) (CAS 7790-98-9);
    (3) BDNPN (bis(2,2-dinitropropyl)nitrate) (CAS 28464-24-6);
    (4) DNAD (1,3-dinitro-1,3-diazetidine) (CAS 78246-06-7);
    (5) HAN (Hydroxylammonium nitrate) (CAS 13465-08-2);
    (6) HAP (hydroxylammonium perchlorate) (CAS 15588-62-2);
    (7) HNF (Hydrazinium nitroformate) (CAS 20773-28-8);
    (8) Hydrazine nitrate (CAS 37836-27-4);
    (9) Hydrazine perchlorate (CAS 27978-54-7);
    (10) Liquid oxidizers comprised of or containing inhibited red 
fuming nitric acid (IRFNA) (CAS 8007-58-7) or oxygen difluoride; or
    (11) Perchlorates, chlorates, and chromates composited with 
powdered metal or other high energy fuel components controlled by this 
category.
    *(e) Binders, and mixtures thereof, as follows:
    (1) AMMO (azidomethylmethyloxetane and its polymers) (CAS 90683-29-
7);
    (2) BAMO (bis(azidomethyl)oxetane and its polymers) (CAS 17607-20-
4);
    (3) BTTN (butanetriol trinitrate) (CAS 6659-60-5);
    (4) FAMAO (3-difluoroaminomethyl-3-azidomethyloxetane) and its 
polymers;
    (5) FEFO (bis(2-fluoro-2,2-dinitroethyl)formal) (CAS 17003-79-1);
    (6) GAP (glycidyl azide polymer) (CAS 143178-24-9) and its 
derivatives;
    (7) HTPB (hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene) with a hydroxyl 
functionality equal to or greater than 2.2 and less than or equal to 
2.4, a hydroxyl value of less than 0.77 meq/g, and a viscosity at 30 
[deg]C of less than 47 poise (CAS 69102-90-5);
    (8) 4,5 diazidomethyl-2-methyl-1,2,3-triazole (iso- DAMTR);
    (9) NENAS (nitratoethylnitramine compounds) as follows:
    (i) N-Methyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (Methyl-NENA) (CAS 17096-47-
8);
    (ii) N-Ethyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (Ethyl-NENA) (CAS 85068-73-1);
    (iii) N-Propyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (CAS 82486-83-7);
    (iv) N-Butyl-2-nitratoethylnitramine (BuNENA) (CAS 82486-82-6); or
    (v) N-Pentyl 2-nitratoethylnitramine (CAS 85954-06-9);
    (10) Poly-NIMMO (poly nitratomethylmethyoxetane, poly-NMMO, 
(poly[3-nitratomethyl-3-methyl oxetane]) (CAS 84051-81-0);
    (11) PNO (Poly(3-nitratooxetane));
    (12) TVOPA 1,2,3-Tris [1,2-bis(difluoroamino)ethoxy]propane; tris 
vinoxy propane adduct (CAS 53159-39-0);
    (13) Polynitrorthocarbonates;
    (14) FPF-1 (poly-2,2,3,3,4,4-hexafluoro pentane-1,5-diolformal) 
(CAS 376-90-9);
    (15) FPF-3 (poly-2,4,4,5,5,6,6-heptafluoro-2-trifluoromethyl-3-
oxaheptane-1,7-diolformal);
    (16) PGN (Polyglycidyl nitrate or poly(nitratomethyloxirane); poly-
GLYN); (CAS 27814-48-8);
    (17) N-methyl-p-nitroaniline;
    (18) Low (less than 10,000) molecular weight, alcohol-
functionalized, poly(epichlorohydrin); poly(epichlorohydrindiol); and 
triol;
    (19) Dinitropropyl based plasticizers, as follows:
    (i) BDNPA (bis (2,2-dinitropropyl) acetal) (CAS 5108-69-0); or
    (ii) BDNPF (bis (2,2-dinitropropyl) formal) (CAS 5917-61-3).
    (f) Additives, as follows:
    (1) Basic copper salicylate (CAS 62320-94-9);
    (2) BHEGA (Bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)glycolamide) (CAS 17409-41-5);
    (3) BNO (Butadienenitrile oxide);
    (4) Ferrocene derivatives, as follows:
    (i) Butacene (CAS 125856-62-4);
    (ii) Catocene (2,2-Bis-ethylferrocenylpropane) (CAS 37206-42-1);
    (iii) Ferrocene carboxylic acids and ferrocene carboxylic acid 
esters;
    (iv) n-butylferrocene (CAS 31904-29-7);
    (v) Ethylferrocene (CAS 1273-89-8);
    (vi) Propylferrocene;
    (vii) Pentylferrocene (CAS 1274-00-6);
    (viii) Dicyclopentylferrocene;
    (ix) Dicyclohexylferrocene;
    (x) Diethylferrocene (CAS 173-97-8);
    (xi) Dipropylferrocene;
    (xii) Dibutylferrocene (CAS 1274-08-4);
    (xiii) Dihexylferrocene (CAS 93894-59-8);
    (xiv) Acetylferrocene (CAS 1271-55-2)/1,1'-diacetyl ferrocene (CAS 
1273-94-5); or
    (xv) Other ferrocene derivatives that do not contain a six carbon 
aromatic functional group attached to the ferrocene molecule;
    (5) Lead beta-resorcylate (CAS 20936-32-7);
    (6) Lead citrate (CAS 14450-60-3);
    (7) Lead-copper chelates of beta-resorcylate or salicylates (CAS 
68411-07-4);
    (8) Lead maleate (CAS 19136-34-6);
    (9) Lead salicylate (CAS 15748-73-9);
    (10) Lead stannate (CAS 12036-31-6);
    (11) MAPO (tris-1-(2-methyl) aziridinylphosphine oxide) (CAS 57-39-
6); BOBBA-8 (bis(2-methyl aziridinyl)-2-(2-hydroxypropanoxy) 
propylamino phosphine oxide); and other MAPO derivatives;
    (12) Methyl BAPO (Bis(2-methyl aziridinyl)methylaminophosphine 
oxide) (CAS 85068-72-0);
    (13) 3-Nitraza-1,5-pentane diisocyanate (CAS 7406-61-9);
    (14) Organo-metallic coupling agents, as follows:
    (i) Neopentyl[diallyl]oxy, tri [dioctyl] phosphatotitanate (CAS 
103850-22-2);

[[Page 25949]]

also known as titanium IV, 2,2[bis 2-propenolato-methyl, butanolato, 
tris (dioctyl) phosphato] (CAS 110438-25-0), or LICA 12 (CAS 103850-22-
2);
    (ii) Titanium IV, [(2-propenolato-1) methyl, n-propanolatomethyl] 
butanolato-1, tris(dioctyl)pyrophosphate, or KR3538; or
    (iii) Titanium IV, [(2-propenolato-1)methyl, propanolatomethyl] 
butanolato-1, tris(dioctyl) phosphate;
    (15) PCDE (Polycyanodifluoroaminoethylene oxide);
    (16) Certain bonding agents, as follows:
    (i) 1,1R,1S-trimesoyl-tris(2-ethylaziridine) (HX-868, BITA) (CAS 
7722-73-8); or
    (ii) Polyfunctional aziridine amides with isophthalic, trimesic, 
isocyanuric, or trimethyladipic backbone also having a 2-methyl or 2-
ethyl aziridine group;
    Note to paragraph (f)(16)(ii): Included are 1) 1,1H-Isophthaloyl-
bis(2-methylaziridine) (HX-752) (CAS 7652-64-4); 2) 2,4,6-tris(2-ethyl-
1-aziridinyl)-1,3,5-triazine (HX-874) (CAS 18924-91-9); and 3) 1,1'-
trimethyladipoylbis(2-ethylaziridine) (HX-877) (CAS 71463-62-2).
    (17) Superfine iron oxide (Fe2O3, hematite) 
with a specific surface area more than 250 m\2\/g and an average 
particle size of 0.003 micrometers or less (CAS 1309-37-1);
    (18) TEPAN (HX-879) (tetraethylenepentaamineacrylonitrile) (CAS 
68412-45-3); cyanoethylated polyamines and their salts;
    (19) TEPANOL (HX-878) 
(tetraethylenepentaamineacrylonitrileglycidol) (CAS 110445-33-5); 
cyanoethylated polyamines adducted with glycidol and their salts;
    (20) TPB (triphenyl bismuth) (CAS 603-33-8); or
    (21) Tris (ethoxyphenyl) bismuth (TEPB) (CAS 90591-48-3).
    (g) Precursors, as follows:
    (1) BCMO (bischloromethyloxetane) (CAS 142173-26-0);
    (2) DADN (1,5-diacetyl-3,7-dinitro-1, 3, 5, 7-tetraazacyclooctane;
    (3) Dinitroazetidine-t-butyl salt (CAS 125735-38-8);
    (4) CL-20 precursors (any molecule containing hexaazaisowurtzitane) 
(e.g., HBIW (hexabenzylhexaazaisowurtzitane), TAIW 
(tetraacetyldibenzylhexa-azaisowurtzitane));
    (5) TAT (1, 3, 5, 7-tetraacetyl-1, 3, 5, 7-tetraazacyclooctane) 
(CAS 41378-98-7);
    (6) Tetraazadecalin (CAS 5409-42-7);
    (7) 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene (CAS 108-70-3); or
    (8) 1,2,4-trihydroxybutane (1,2,4-butanetriol) (CAS 3068-00-6).
    (h) Any explosive, propellant, pyrotechnic, fuel, oxidizer, binder, 
additive, or precursor that:
    (1) is classified;
    (2) is manufactured using classified production data; or
    (3) is being developed using classified information.
    ``Classified'' means classified pursuant to Executive Order 13526, 
or predecessor order, and a security classification guide developed 
pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the corresponding classification 
rules of another government.
    (i) Developmental explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, fuels, 
oxidizers, binders, additives, or precursors therefor developed under a 
contract with the U.S. Government not otherwise controlled under this 
category.
    (j) Technical data (as defined in Sec.  120.10 of this subchapter) 
and defense services (as defined in Sec.  120.9 of this subchapter) 
directly related to the defense articles numerated in paragraphs (a) 
through (i) of this category (see also Sec.  123.20 of this 
subchapter).
    (k) The following interpretations explain and amplify the terms 
used in this category and elsewhere in this subchapter:
    (1) Category V contains explosives, energetic materials, 
propellants, and pyrotechnics and specially formulated fuels for 
aircraft, missile, and naval applications. Explosives are solid, 
liquid, or gaseous substances or mixtures of substances, which, in 
their primary, booster, or main charges in warheads, demolition, or 
other military applications, are required to detonate.
    (2) The resulting product of the combination or conversion of any 
substance controlled by this category into an item not controlled will 
no longer be controlled by this category provided the controlled item 
cannot easily be recovered through dissolution, melting, sieving, etc. 
As an example, beryllium converted to a near net shape using hot 
isostatic processes will result in an uncontrolled part. A cured 
thermoset containing beryllium powder is not controlled unless meeting 
an explosive or propellant control. The mixture of beryllium powder in 
a cured thermoset shape is not controlled by this category. The mixture 
of controlled beryllium powder mixed with a typical propellant binder 
will remain controlled by this category. The addition of dry silica 
powder to dry beryllium powder will remain controlled.
    (3) Paragraph (c)(4)(ii)(A) of this category does not control boron 
and boron carbide enriched with boron-10 (20% or more of total boron-10 
content).
    (4) Theoretical specific impulse (Isp) is calculated using standard 
conditions (1000 psi chamber pressure expanded to 14.7 psi) and 
measured in units of pound-force-seconds per pound-mass (lbf-s/lbm) or 
simplified to seconds (s). Calculations will be based on shifting 
equilibrium.
    (5) Particle size is the mean particle diameter on a weight basis. 
Best industrial practices will be used in determining particle size and 
the controls may not be undermined by addition of larger or smaller 
sized material to shift the mean diameter.

    Note 1: To assist the exporter, an item has been categorized by 
the most common use. Also, where appropriate, references have been 
provided to the related controlled precursors.


    Note 2:  Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) registry numbers do not 
cover all the substances and mixtures controlled by this category. 
The numbers are provided as examples to assist government agencies 
in the license review process and exporters when completing their 
license application and export documentation.

* * * * *

     Dated: April 24, 2012.
 Rose E. Gottemoeller,
 Acting Under Secretary, Arms Control and International Security, 
Department of State.
[FR Doc. 2012-10455 Filed 5-1-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4710-25-P