[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 169 (Thursday, August 30, 2012)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 52977-53057]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-16761]



[[Page 52977]]

Vol. 77

Thursday,

No. 169

August 30, 2012

Part IV





Department of the Treasury





-----------------------------------------------------------------------





Office of the Comptroller of the Currency





12 CFR Part 3





-----------------------------------------------------------------------





Federal Reserve System





-----------------------------------------------------------------------

12 CFR Part 217





-----------------------------------------------------------------------





Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation





-----------------------------------------------------------------------

12 CFR Parts 324, 325





-----------------------------------------------------------------------





Regulatory Capital Rules: Advanced Approaches Risk-Based Capital Rule; 
Market Risk Capital Rule; Proposed Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 169 / Thursday, August 30, 2012 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 52978]]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

12 CFR Part 3

[Docket No. ID OCC-2012-0010]
RIN 1557-AD46

FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM

12 CFR Part 217

[Regulation Q; Docket No. R-1442]
RIN 7100 AD-87

FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION

12 CFR Parts 324 and 325

RIN 3064-AD97


Regulatory Capital Rules: Advanced Approaches Risk-Based Capital 
Rule; Market Risk Capital Rule

AGENCY: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Treasury; the Board 
of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; and the Federal Deposit 
Insurance Corporation.

ACTION: Joint notice of proposed rulemaking.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Board 
of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board), and the Federal 
Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the agencies) are 
seeking comment on three notices of proposed rulemaking (NPRs) that 
would revise and replace the agencies' current capital rules.
    In this NPR (Advanced Approaches and Market Risk NPR) the agencies 
are proposing to revise the advanced approaches risk-based capital rule 
to incorporate certain aspects of ``Basel III: A Global Regulatory 
Framework for More Resilient Banks and Banking Systems'' (Basel III) 
that the agencies would apply only to advanced approach banking 
organizations. This NPR also proposes other changes to the advanced 
approaches rule that the agencies believe are consistent with changes 
by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) to its 
``International Convergence of Capital Measurement and Capital 
Standards: A Revised Framework'' (Basel II), as revised by the BCBS 
between 2006 and 2009, and recent consultative papers published by the 
BCBS. The agencies also propose to revise the advanced approaches risk-
based capital rule to be consistent with Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform 
and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank Act). These revisions 
include replacing references to credit ratings with alternative 
standards of creditworthiness consistent with section 939A of the Dodd-
Frank Act.
    Additionally, the OCC and FDIC are proposing that the market risk 
capital rule be applicable to federal and state savings associations, 
and the Board is proposing that the advanced approaches and market risk 
capital rules apply to top-tier savings and loan holding companies 
domiciled in the United States that meet the applicable thresholds. In 
addition, this NPR would codify the market risk rule consistent with 
the proposed codification of the other regulatory capital rules across 
the three proposals.

DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before October 22, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Comments should be directed to:
    OCC: Because paper mail in the Washington, DC area and at the OCC 
is subject to delay, commenters are encouraged to submit comments by 
the Federal eRulemaking Portal or email, if possible. Please use the 
title ``Regulatory Capital Rules: Advanced Approaches Risk-based 
Capital Rule; Market Risk Capital Rule'' to facilitate the organization 
and distribution of the comments. You may submit comments by any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal--``Regulations.gov'': Go to 
http://www.regulations.gov, under the ``More Search Options'' tab click 
next to the ``Advanced Docket Search'' option where indicated, select 
``Comptroller of the Currency'' from the agency drop-down menu, and 
then click ``Submit.'' In the ``Docket ID'' column, select ``OCC-2012-
0010'' to submit or view public comments and to view supporting and 
related materials for this proposed rule. The ``How to Use This Site'' 
link on the Regulations.gov home page provides information on using 
Regulations.gov, including instructions for submitting or viewing 
public comments, viewing other supporting and related materials, and 
viewing the docket after the close of the comment period.
     Email: regs.comments@occ.treas.gov.
     Mail: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, 250 E 
Street SW., Mail Stop 2-3, Washington, DC 20219.
     Fax: (202) 874-5274.
     Hand Delivery/Courier: 250 E Street SW., Mail Stop 2-3, 
Washington, DC 20219.
    Instructions: You must include ``OCC'' as the agency name and 
``Docket Number OCC-2012-0010'' in your comment. In general, OCC will 
enter all comments received into the docket and publish them on the 
Regulations.gov Web site without change, including any business or 
personal information that you provide such as name and address 
information, email addresses, or phone numbers. Comments received, 
including attachments and other supporting materials, are part of the 
public record and subject to public disclosure. Do not enclose any 
information in your comment or supporting materials that you consider 
confidential or inappropriate for public disclosure. You may review 
comments and other related materials that pertain to this notice by any 
of the following methods:
     Viewing Comments Electronically: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Select ``Document Type'' of ``Public 
Submissions,'' in ``Enter Keyword or ID Box,'' enter Docket ID ``OCC-
2012-0010,'' and click ``Search.'' Comments will be listed under ``View 
By Relevance'' tab at bottom of screen. If comments from more than one 
agency are listed, the ``Agency'' column will indicate which comments 
were received by the OCC.
     Viewing Comments Personally: You may personally inspect 
and photocopy comments at the OCC, 250 E Street SW., Washington, DC. 
For security reasons, the OCC requires that visitors make an 
appointment to inspect comments. You may do so by calling (202) 874-
4700. Upon arrival, visitors will be required to present valid 
government-issued photo identification and to submit to security 
screening in order to inspect and photocopy comments.
     Docket: You may also view or request available background 
documents and project summaries using the methods described above.
    Board: When submitting comments, please consider submitting your 
comments by email or fax because paper mail in the Washington, DC area 
and at the Board may be subject to delay. You may submit comments, 
identified by Docket No. [XX][XX], by any of the following methods:
     Agency Web Site: http://www.federalreserve.gov. Follow the 
instructions for submitting comments at http://www.federalreserve.gov/generalinfo/foia/ProposedRegs.cfm.
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Email: regs.comments@federalreserve.gov. Include docket 
number in the subject line of the message.
     Fax: (202) 452-3819 or (202) 452-3102.

[[Page 52979]]

     Mail: Jennifer J. Johnson, Secretary, Board of Governors 
of the Federal Reserve System, 20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW., 
Washington, DC 20551.
    All public comments are available from the Board's Web site at 
http://www.federalreserve.gov/generalinfo/foia/ProposedRegs.cfm as 
submitted, unless modified for technical reasons. Accordingly, your 
comments will not be edited to remove any identifying or contact 
information. Public comments may also be viewed electronically or in 
paper form in Room MP-500 of the Board's Martin Building (20th and C 
Street NW., Washington, DC 20551) between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. on 
weekdays.
    FDIC: You may submit comments by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Agency Web site: http://www.FDIC.gov/regulations/laws/federal/propose.html.
     Mail: Robert E. Feldman, Executive Secretary, Attention: 
Comments/Legal ESS, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 550 17th 
Street NW., Washington, DC 20429.
     Hand Delivered/Courier: The guard station at the rear of 
the 550 17th Street Building (located on F Street), on business days 
between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m.
     E-mail: comments@FDIC.gov.
    Instructions: Comments submitted must include ``FDIC'' and ``RIN 
3064-D97.'' Comments received will be posted without change to http://www.FDIC.gov/regulations/laws/federal/propose.html, including any 
personal information provided.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: OCC: Margot Schwadron, Senior Risk 
Expert, (202) 874-6022, David Elkes, Risk Expert, (202) 874-3846, or 
Mark Ginsberg, Risk Expert, (202) 927-4580, or Ron Shimabukuro, Senior 
Counsel, Patrick Tierney, Counsel, Carl Kaminski, Senior Attorney, or 
Kevin Korzeniewski, Attorney, Legislative and Regulatory Activities 
Division, (202) 874-5090, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, 
250 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20219.
    Board: Anna Lee Hewko, Assistant Director, Capital and Regulatory 
Policy, (202) 530-6260, Thomas Boemio, Manager, Capital and Regulatory 
Policy, (202) 452-2982, or Constance M. Horsley, Manager, Capital and 
Regulatory Policy, (202) 452-5239, Division of Banking Supervision and 
Regulation; or Benjamin W. McDonough, Senior Counsel, (202) 452-2036, 
or April C. Snyder, Senior Counsel, (202) 452-3099, Legal Division, 
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th and C Streets 
NW., Washington, DC 20551. For the hearing impaired only, 
Telecommunication Device for the Deaf (TDD), (202) 263-4869.
    FDIC: Bobby R. Bean, Associate Director, bbean@fdic.gov; Ryan 
Billingsley, Senior Policy Analyst, rbillingsley@fdic.gov; or Karl 
Reitz, Senior Policy Analyst, kreitz@fdic.gov, Capital Markets Branch, 
Division of Risk Management Supervision, (202) 898-6888; or Mark 
Handzlik, Counsel, mhandzlik@fdic.gov, Michael Phillips, Counsel, 
mphillips@fdic.gov; or Greg Feder, Counsel, gfeder@fdic.gov, Ryan 
Clougherty, Senior Attorney, rclougherty@fdic.gov; Supervision Branch, 
Legal Division, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 550 17th Street 
NW., Washington, DC 20429.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In connection with the proposed changes to 
the agencies' capital rules in this NPR, the agencies are also seeking 
comment on the two related NPRs published elsewhere in today's Federal 
Register. In the notice titled ``Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory 
Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Minimum Regulatory Capital 
Ratios, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, and Prompt Corrective 
Action'' (Basel III NPR) the agencies are proposing to revise their 
minimum risk-based capital requirements and criteria for regulatory 
capital, as well as establish a capital conservation buffer framework, 
consistent with Basel III. The Basel III NPR also includes transition 
provisions for banking organizations to come into compliance with its 
requirements.
    In the notice titled ``Regulatory Capital Rules: Standardized 
Approach for Risk-weighted Assets; Market Discipline and Disclosure 
Requirements'' (Standardized Approach NPR), the agencies are proposing 
to revise and harmonize their rules for calculating risk-weighted 
assets to enhance risk sensitivity and address weaknesses identified 
over recent years, including by incorporating aspects of the 
standardized framework in Basel II, and providing alternatives to 
credit ratings, consistent with section 939A of the Dodd-Frank Act. The 
revisions include methodologies for determining risk-weighted assets 
for residential mortgages, securitization exposures, and counterparty 
credit risk. The Standardized Approach NPR also would introduce 
disclosure requirements that would apply to top-tier banking 
organizations domiciled in the United States with $50 billion or more 
in total assets, including disclosures related to regulatory capital 
instruments.
    The proposed requirements in the Basel III NPR and Standardized 
Approach NPR would apply to all banking organizations that are 
currently subject to minimum capital requirements (including national 
banks, state member banks, state nonmember banks, state and federal 
savings associations, and top-tier bank holding companies domiciled in 
the United States not subject to the Board's Small Bank Holding Company 
Policy Statement (12 CFR part 225, appendix C)), as well as top-tier 
savings and loan holding companies domiciled in the United States 
(collectively, banking organizations).
    The proposals are being published in three separate NPRs to reflect 
the distinct objectives of each proposal, to allow interested parties 
to better understand the various aspects of the overall capital 
framework, including which aspects of the rules would apply to which 
banking organizations, and to help interested parties better focus 
their comments on areas of particular interest.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
II. Risk-Weighted Assets--Proposed Modifications to the Advanced 
Approaches Rules
A. Counterparty Credit Risk
1. Revisions to the Recognition of Financial Collateral
2. Changes to Holding Periods and the Margin Period of Risk
3. Changes to the Internal Models Methodology (IMM)
4. Credit Valuation Adjustments
5. Cleared Transactions (Central Counterparties)
6. Stress period for Own Internal Estimates
B. Removal of Credit Ratings
C. Proposed Revisions to the Treatment of Securitization Exposures
1. Definitions
2. Operational Criteria for Recognizing Risk Transference in 
Traditional Securitizations
3. Proposed Revisions to the Hierarchy of Approaches
4. Guarantees and Credit Derivatives Referencing a Securitization 
Exposure
5. Due Diligence Requirements for Securitization Exposures
6. Nth-to-Default Credit Derivatives
D. Treatment of Exposures Subject to Deduction
E. Technical Amendments to the Advanced Approaches Rule
1. Eligible Guarantees and Contingent U.S. Government Guarantees
2. Calculation of Foreign Exposures for Applicability of the 
Advanced Approaches--Insurance Underwriting Subsidiaries
3. Calculation of Foreign Exposures for Applicability of the 
Advanced Approaches--Changes to FFIEC 009

[[Page 52980]]

4. Applicability of the Rule
5. Change to the Definition of Probability of Default Related to 
Seasoning
6. Cash Items in Process of Collection
7. Change to the Definition of Qualified Revolving Exposure
8. Trade-Related Letters of Credit
F. Pillar 3 Disclosures
1. Frequency and Timeliness of Disclosures
2. Enhanced Securitization Disclosure Requirements
3. Equity Holding That Are Not Covered Positions
III. Market Risk Capital Rule
IV. List of Acronyms
V. Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis
VI. Paperwork Reduction Act
VII. Plain Language
VIII. OCC Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 Determination

I. Introduction

    The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), Board of 
Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board), and the Federal 
Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the agencies) are 
issuing this notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR, proposal, or proposed 
rule) to revise the advanced approaches risk-based capital rule 
(advanced approaches rule) to incorporate certain aspects of ``Basel 
III: A global regulatory framework for more resilient banks and banking 
systems'' (Basel III). This NPR also proposes to revise the advanced 
approaches rule to incorporate other revisions to the Basel capital 
framework published by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision 
(BCBS) in a series of documents between 2009 and 2011 \1\ and 
subsequent consultative papers. The proposal would also address 
relevant provisions of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer 
Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act), and incorporate certain technical 
amendments to the existing requirements.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The BCBS is a committee of banking supervisory authorities, 
which was established by the central bank governors of the G-10 
countries in 1975. It consists of senior representatives of bank 
supervisory authorities and central banks from Argentina, Australia, 
Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong SAR, 
India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the 
Netherlands, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, 
Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. 
Documents issued by the BCBS are available through the Bank for 
International Settlements Web site at http://www.bis.org. Basel III 
was published in December 2010 and revised in June 2011. The text is 
available at http://www.bis.org/publ/bcbs189.htm.
    \2\ Public Law 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (July 21, 2010) (Dodd-
Frank Act).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this NPR, the Board also proposes applying the advanced 
approaches rule and the market risk rule to savings and loan holding 
companies, and the Board, FDIC, and OCC propose applying the market 
risk capital rule to savings and loan holding companies and to state 
and federal savings associations, respectively. In addition, this NPR 
would codify the market risk rule in a manner similar to the other 
regulatory capital rules in the three proposals. In a separate Federal 
Register notice, also published today, the agencies are finalizing 
changes to the market risk rule. As described in more detail below, the 
agencies are proposing changes to the advanced approaches rule in a 
manner consistent with the BCBS requirements, including the 
requirements introduced by the BCBS in ``Enhancements to the Basel II 
framework'' (2009 Enhancements) in July 2009 and in Basel III.\3\ The 
main proposed revisions to the advanced approaches rule are related to 
treatment of counterparty credit risk, the securitization framework, 
and disclosure requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ See ``Enhancements to the Basel II framework'' (July 2009), 
available at http://www.bis.org/publ/bcbs157.htm.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with Basel III, the proposal seeks to ensure that 
counterparty credit risk, credit valuation adjustments (CVA), and 
wrong-way risk are incorporated adequately into the agencies' 
regulatory capital requirements. More specifically, the NPR would 
establish a capital requirement for the market value of counterparty 
credit risk; propose a more risk-sensitive approach for certain 
transactions with central counterparties, including the treatment of 
default fund contributions to central counterparties; and make certain 
adjustments to the methodologies used to calculate counterparty credit 
risk requirements. In addition, consistent with the ``2009 
Enhancements,'' the agencies propose strengthening the risk-based 
capital requirements for certain securitization exposures by requiring 
banking organizations that are subject to the advanced approaches rule 
to conduct more rigorous credit analysis of securitization exposures 
and enhancing the disclosure requirements related to these exposures.
    In addition to the incorporation of the BCBS standards, the 
agencies are proposing changes to the advanced approaches rule in a 
manner consistent with the Dodd-Frank Act, by removing references to, 
or requirements of reliance on, credit ratings from their 
regulations.\4\ Accordingly, the agencies are proposing to remove the 
ratings-based approach and the internal assessment approach for 
securitization exposures from the advanced approaches rule and require 
advanced approaches banking organizations to use either the supervisory 
formula approach (SFA) or a simplified version of the SFA when 
calculating capital requirements for securitization exposures. The 
agencies also are proposing to remove references to ratings from 
certain defined terms under the advanced approaches rule and replace 
them with alternative standards of creditworthiness. Finally, the 
proposed rule contains a number of proposed technical amendments that 
would clarify or adjust existing requirements under the advanced 
approaches rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ See section 939A of Dodd-Frank Act (15 U.S.C. 78o-7 note).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, in today's Federal Register, the agencies are 
publishing two separate notices of proposed rulemaking that are both 
relevant to the calculation of capital requirements for institutions 
using the advanced approaches rule. The notice titled ``Regulatory 
Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Minimum 
Regulatory Capital Ratios, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, and 
Prompt Corrective Action'' (Basel III NPR), which is applicable to all 
banking organizations, would revise the definition of capital (the 
numerator of the risk-based capital ratios), establish the new minimum 
ratio requirements, and make other changes to the agencies' general 
risk-based capital rules related to regulatory capital. In addition, 
the Basel III NPR proposes that certain elements of Basel III apply 
only to institutions using the advanced approaches rule, including a 
supplementary Basel III leverage ratio and a countercyclical capital 
buffer. The Basel III NPR also includes transition provisions for 
banking organizations to come into compliance with the requirements of 
that proposed rule.
    The notice titled ``Regulatory Capital Rules: Standardized Approach 
for Risk-Weighted Assets; Market Discipline and Disclosure 
Requirements'' (Standardized Approach NPR) would also apply to all 
banking organizations. In the Standardized Approach NPR, the agencies 
are proposing to revise and harmonize their rules for calculating risk-
weighted assets to enhance risk sensitivity and address weaknesses 
identified over recent years, including by incorporating aspects of the 
BCBS' Basel II standardized framework, changes proposed in recent 
consultative papers published by the BCBS and alternatives to credit 
ratings, consistent with section 939A of the Dodd-Frank Act. The 
revisions include methodologies for determining risk-weighted assets 
for residential mortgages, securitization exposures, and

[[Page 52981]]

counterparty credit risk. The Standardized Approach NPR also would 
introduce disclosure requirements that would apply to top-tier banking 
organizations domiciled in the United States with $50 billion or more 
in total assets, including disclosures related to regulatory capital 
instruments.
    The requirements proposed in the Basel III NPR and Standardized 
Approach NPR, as well as the market risk capital rule in this proposal, 
are proposed to become the ``generally applicable'' capital 
requirements for purposes of section 171 of the Dodd-Frank Act because 
they would be the capital requirements applied to insured depository 
institutions under section 38 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 
without regard to asset size or foreign financial exposure. Banking 
organizations that are or would be subject to the advanced approaches 
rule (advanced approaches banking organizations) or the market risk 
rule should also review the Basel III NPR and Standardized Approach 
NPR.

II. Risk-Weighted Assets--Proposed Modifications to the Advanced 
Approaches

A. Counterparty Credit Risk

    The recent financial crisis highlighted certain aspects of the 
treatment of counterparty credit risk under the Basel II framework that 
were inadequate and of banking organizations' risk management of 
counterparty credit risk that were insufficient. The Basel III 
revisions would address both areas of weakness by ensuring that all 
material on- and off-balance sheet counterparty risks, including those 
associated with derivative-related exposures, are appropriately 
incorporated into banking organizations' risk-based capital ratios. In 
addition, new risk management requirements in Basel III strengthen the 
oversight of counterparty credit risk exposures. The agencies are 
proposing the counterparty credit risk revisions in a manner generally 
consistent with Basel III, modified to incorporate alternative 
standards to the use of credit ratings. The discussion below highlights 
these revisions.
1. Revisions to the Recognition of Financial Collateral
Eligible Financial Collateral
    The exposure-at-default (EAD) adjustment approach under section 132 
of the proposed rules permits a banking organization to recognize the 
credit risk mitigation benefits of eligible financial collateral by 
adjusting the EAD to the counterparty. Such approaches include the 
collateral haircut approach, simple Value-at-Risk (VaR) approach and 
the internal models methodology (IMM).
    Consistent with Basel III, the agencies are proposing to modify the 
definition of financial collateral so that resecuritizations would no 
longer qualify as eligible financial collateral under the advanced 
approaches rule. Thus, resecuritization collateral could not be used to 
adjust the EAD of an exposure. The agencies believe that this treatment 
is appropriate because resecuritizations have been shown to have more 
market value volatility than other collateral types. During the recent 
financial crisis, the market volatility of resecuritization exposures 
made it difficult for resecuritizations to serve as a source of 
liquidity because banking organizations were unable to sell those 
positions without incurring substantial loss or to use them as 
collateral for secured lending transactions.
    Under the proposal, a securitization in which one or more of the 
underlying exposures is a securitization position would be considered a 
resecuritization. A resecuritization position under the proposal means 
an on- or off-balance sheet exposure to a resecuritization, or an 
exposure that directly or indirectly references a resecuritization 
exposure.
    Consistent with these changes excluding less liquid collateral from 
the definition of financial collateral, the agencies also propose that 
conforming residential mortgages no longer qualify as financial 
collateral under the advanced approaches rule. As a result, under this 
proposal, a banking organization would no longer be able to recognize 
the credit risk mitigation benefit of such instruments through an 
adjustment to EAD. In addition, also consistent with the Basel 
framework, the agencies propose to exclude all debt securities that are 
not investment grade from the definition of financial collateral. As 
discussed in section II (B) of this preamble, the agencies are 
proposing to revise the definition of ``investment grade'' for both the 
advanced approaches rule and market risk capital rule.
Revised Supervisory Haircuts
    As reflected in Basel III, securitization exposures have increased 
levels of volatility relative to other collateral types. To address 
this issue, Basel III incorporates new standardized supervisory 
haircuts for securitization exposures in the EAD adjustment approach 
based on the credit rating of the exposure. Consistent with section 
939A of the Dodd Frank Act, the agencies are proposing an alternative 
approach to assigning standard supervisory haircuts for securitization 
exposures, and are also proposing to amend the standard supervisory 
haircuts for other types of financial collateral to remove the 
references to credit ratings.
    Under the proposal, as outlined in table 1 below, the standard 
supervisory market price volatility haircuts would be revised based on 
the applicable risk weight of the exposure calculated under the 
standardized approach. Supervisory haircuts for exposures to 
sovereigns, government-sponsored entities, public sector entities, 
depository institutions, foreign banks, credit unions, and corporate 
issuers would be calculated based upon the risk weights for such 
exposures described under section 32 of the Standardized Approach NPR. 
The proposed table for the standard supervisory market price volatility 
haircuts would be revised as follows:

                                           Table 1--Standard Supervisory Market Price Volatility Haircuts \1\
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 Haircut (in percents) assigned based on:
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                      Sovereign issuers risk weight      Non-sovereign issuers risk     Investment grade
                         Residual maturity                              under Sec.   ------.32 \2\     weight under Sec.   ------.32     securitization
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------   exposures  (in
                                                                                  20% or                                                    percent)
                                                                       Zero%       50%        100%       20%        50%        100%
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to 1 year.......................................        0.5        1.0       15.0        1.0        2.0       25.0                4.0
Greater than 1 year and less than or equal to 5 years..............        2.0        3.0       15.0        4.0        6.0       25.0               12.0
Greater than 5 years...............................................        4.0        6.0       15.0        8.0       12.0       25.0               24.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 52982]]

 
Main index equities (including convertible bonds) and gold..............................15.0........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Other publicly-traded equities (including convertible bonds)............................25.0........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mutual funds.........................................................Highest haircut applicable to any security
                                                                            in which the fund can invest.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash collateral held....................................................................Zero........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The market price volatility haircuts in Table 2 are based on a 10 business-day holding period.
\2\ Includes a foreign PSE that receives a zero percent risk weight.

    The agencies are also proposing to clarify that if a banking 
organization lends instruments that do not meet the definition of 
financial collateral used in the Standardized Approach NPR and the 
advanced approaches rule (as modified by the proposal), such as non-
investment grade corporate debt securities or resecuritization 
exposures, the haircut applied to the exposure would be the same as the 
haircut for equity that is publicly traded but which is not part of a 
main index.
    Question 1: The agencies solicit comments on the proposed changes 
to the recognition of financial collateral under the advanced 
approaches rule.
2. Changes to Holding Periods and the Margin Period of Risk
    During the financial crisis, many financial institutions 
experienced significant delays in settling or closing-out 
collateralized transactions, such as repo-style transactions and 
collateralized over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives. The assumed holding 
period for collateral in the collateral haircut and simple VaR 
approaches and the margin period of risk in the IMM under Basel II 
proved to be inadequate for certain transactions and netting sets.\5\ 
It also did not reflect the difficulties and delays experienced by 
institutions when settling or liquidating collateral during a period of 
financial stress.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ Under the advanced approaches rule, the margin period of 
risk means, with respect to a netting set subject to a collateral 
agreement, the time period from the most recent exchange of 
collateral with a counterparty until the next required exchange of 
collateral plus the period of time required to sell and realize the 
proceeds of the least liquid collateral that can be delivered under 
the terms of the collateral agreement and, where applicable, the 
period of time required to re-hedge the resulting market risk, upon 
the default of the counterparty. See 12 CFR part 3, appendix C, and 
part 167, appendix C (OCC); 12 CFR part 208, appendix F, and 12 CFR 
part 225, appendix G (Board); 12 CFR part 325, appendix D, and 12 
CFR part 390, subpart Z, appendix A (FDIC).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Under Basel II, the minimum assumed holding period for collateral 
and margin period of risk are five days for repo-style transactions, 
and ten days for other collateralized transactions where liquid 
financial collateral is posted under a daily margin maintenance 
requirement. Under Basel III, a banking organization must assume a 
holding period of 20 business days under the collateral haircut or 
simple VaR approaches, or must assume a margin period of risk under the 
IMM of 20 business days for netting sets where: (1) The number of 
trades exceeds 5,000 at any time during the quarter (except if the 
counterparty is a central counterparty (CCP) or the netting set 
consists of cleared transactions with a clearing member); (2) one or 
more trades involves illiquid collateral posted by the counterparty; or 
(3) the netting set includes any OTC derivatives that cannot be easily 
replaced.
    For purposes of determining whether collateral is illiquid or an 
OTC derivative cannot be easily replaced for these purposes, a banking 
organization could, for example, assess whether, during a period of 
stressed market conditions, it could obtain multiple price quotes 
within two days or less for the collateral or OTC derivative that would 
not move the market or represent a market discount (in the case of 
collateral) or a premium (in the case of an OTC derivative).
    If, over the two previous quarters, more than two margin disputes 
on a netting set have occurred that lasted longer than the holding 
period or margin period of risk used in the EAD calculation, then a 
banking organization would use a holding period or a margin period of 
risk for that netting set that is at least two times the minimum 
holding period that would otherwise be used for that netting set. 
Margin disputes occur when the banking organization and its 
counterparty do not agree on the value of collateral or on the 
eligibility of the collateral provided. In addition, such disputes also 
can occur when a banking organization and its counterparty disagree on 
the amount of margin that is required, which could result from 
differences in the valuation of a transaction, or from errors in the 
calculation of the net exposure of a portfolio (for instance, if a 
transaction is incorrectly included or excluded from the portfolio).
    Consistent with Basel III, the agencies propose to amend the 
advanced approaches rule to incorporate these adjustments to the 
holding period in the collateral haircut and simple VaR approaches, and 
to the margin period of risk in the IMM that a banking organization may 
use to determine its capital requirement for repo-style transactions, 
OTC derivative transactions, or eligible margin loans. For cleared 
transactions, which are discussed below, the agencies propose that a 
banking organization not be required to adjust the holding period or 
margin period of risk upward when determining the capital requirement 
for its counterparty credit risk exposures to the central counterparty, 
which is also consistent with Basel III.
    Question 2: The agencies solicit comments on the proposed changes 
to holding periods and margin periods of risk.
3. Changes to the Internal Models Methodology
    During the recent financial crisis, increased volatility in the 
value of derivative positions and collateral led to higher counterparty 
exposures than amounts estimated by banking organizations' internal 
models. To address this issue, under Basel III, when

[[Page 52983]]

using the IMM, banking organizations are required to determine their 
capital requirements for counterparty credit risk using stressed 
inputs. Consistent with Basel III, the agencies propose to amend the 
advanced approaches rule so that the capital requirement for IMM 
exposures would be equal to the larger of the capital requirement for 
those exposures calculated using data from the most recent three-year 
period and data from a three-year period that contains a period of 
stress reflected in the credit default spreads of the banking 
organization's counterparties.
    Under the proposal, an IMM exposure would be defined as a repo-
style transaction, eligible margin loan, or OTC derivative for which a 
banking organization calculates its EAD using the IMM. A banking 
organization would be required to demonstrate to the satisfaction of 
the banking organization's primary federal supervisor at least 
quarterly that the stress period coincides with increased credit 
default swap (CDS) spreads, or other credit spreads of its 
counterparties and have procedures to evaluate the effectiveness of its 
stress calibration. These procedures would be required to include a 
process for using benchmark portfolios that are vulnerable to the same 
risk factors as the banking organization's portfolio. In addition, the 
primary federal supervisor could require a banking organization to 
modify its stress calibration if the primary federal supervisor 
believes that another calibration would better reflect the actual 
historic losses of the portfolio.
    Consistent with Basel III, the agencies are proposing to require a 
banking organization to subject its internal models to an initial 
validation and annual model review process. As part of the model review 
process, the agencies propose that a banking organization would need to 
have a backtesting program for its model that includes a process by 
which unacceptable model performance would be identified and remedied. 
In addition, the agencies propose that when a banking organization 
multiplies expected positive exposure (EPE) by the default scaling 
factor alpha of 1.4 when calculating EAD, the primary federal 
supervisor may require the banking organization to set that alpha 
higher based on the performance of the banking organization's internal 
model.
    The agencies also are proposing to require a banking organization 
to have policies for the measurement, management, and control of 
collateral, including the reuse of collateral and margin amounts, as a 
condition of using the IMM. Under the proposal, a banking organization 
would be required to have a comprehensive stress testing program that 
captures all credit exposures to counterparties and incorporates stress 
testing of principal market risk factors and the creditworthiness of 
its counterparties.
    Under Basel II, a banking organization was permitted to capture 
within its internal model the effect on EAD of a collateral agreement 
that requires receipt of collateral when the exposure to the 
counterparty increases. Basel II also contained a ``shortcut'' method 
to provide a banking organization whose internal model did not capture 
the effects of collateral agreements with a method to recognize some 
benefit from the collateral agreement. Basel III modifies that 
``shortcut'' method by setting effective EPE to a counterparty as the 
lesser of the following two exposure calculations: (1) The exposure 
without any held or posted margining collateral, plus any collateral 
posted to the counterparty independent of the daily valuation and 
margining process or current exposure, or (2) an add-on that reflects 
the potential increase of exposure over the margin period of risk plus 
the larger of (i) the current exposure of the netting set reflecting 
all collateral received or posted by the banking organization excluding 
any collateral called or in dispute; or (ii) the largest net exposure 
(including all collateral held or posted under the margin agreement) 
that would not trigger a collateral call. The add-on would be computed 
as the largest expected increase in the netting set's exposure over any 
margin period of risk in the next year. The agencies propose to include 
the Basel III modification of the ``shortcut'' method in this NPR.
Recognition of Wrong-way Risk
    The financial crisis also highlighted the interconnectedness of 
large financial institutions through an array of complex transactions. 
To recognize this interconnectedness and to mitigate the risk of 
contagion from the banking sector to the broader financial system and 
the general economy, Basel III includes enhanced requirements for the 
recognition and treatment of wrong-way risk in the IMM. The proposed 
rule would define wrong-way risk as the risk that arises when an 
exposure to a particular counterparty is positively correlated with the 
probability of default of such counterparty itself.
    The agencies are proposing enhancements to the advanced approaches 
rule that would require banking organizations' risk management 
procedures to identify, monitor, and control wrong-way risk throughout 
the life of an exposure. These risk management procedures should 
include the use of stress testing and scenario analysis. In addition, 
where a banking organization has identified an IMM exposure with 
specific wrong-way risk, the banking organization would be required to 
treat that transaction as its own netting set. Specific wrong-way risk 
is a type of wrong way risk that arises when either the counterparty 
and issuer of the collateral supporting the transaction, or the 
counterparty and the reference asset of the transaction, are affiliates 
or are the same entity.
    In addition, where a banking organization has identified an OTC 
derivative transaction, repo-style transaction, or eligible margin loan 
with specific wrong-way risk for which the banking organization would 
otherwise apply the IMM, the banking organization would insert the 
probability of default (PD) of the counterparty and a loss given 
default (LGD) equal to 100 percent into the appropriate risk-based 
capital formula specified in table 1 of section 131 of the proposed 
rule, then multiply the output of the formula (K) by an alternative EAD 
based on the transaction type, as follows:
    (1) For a purchased credit derivative, EAD would be the fair value 
of the underlying reference asset of the credit derivative contract;
    (2) For an OTC equity derivative,\6\ EAD would be the maximum 
amount that the banking organization could lose if the fair value of 
the underlying reference asset decreased to zero;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ Equity derivatives that are call options are not subject to 
a counterparty credit risk capital requirement for specific wrong-
way risk.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (3) For an OTC bond derivative (that is, a bond option, bond 
future, or any other instrument linked to a bond that gives rise to 
similar counterparty credit risks), EAD would be the smaller of the 
notional amount of the underlying reference asset and the maximum 
amount that the banking organization could lose if the fair value of 
the underlying reference asset decreased to zero; and
    (4) For repo-style transactions and eligible margin loans, EAD 
would be calculated using the formula in the collateral haircut 
approach of section 132 and with the estimated value of the collateral 
substituted for the parameter C in the equation.
    Question 3: The agencies solicit comment on the appropriateness of 
the proposed calculation of capital requirements for OTC equity or bond 
derivatives with specific wrong-way risk. What alternatives should be 
made

[[Page 52984]]

available to banking organizations in order to calculate the EAD in 
such cases? What challenges would a banking organization face in 
estimating the EAD for OTC derivative transactions with specific wrong-
way risk if the agencies were to permit a banking organization to use 
its incremental risk model that meets the requirements of section 8 of 
the market risk rule instead of the proposed alternatives?
Increased Asset Value Correlation Factor
    To recognize the correlation of financial institutions' 
creditworthiness attributable to similar sensitivities to common risk 
factors, the agencies are proposing to incorporate the Basel III 
increase in the correlation factor used in the formula provided in 
table 1 of section 131 of the proposed rule for certain wholesale 
exposures. Under the proposed rule, banking organizations would apply a 
multiplier of 1.25 to the correlation factor for wholesale exposures to 
unregulated financial institutions that generate a majority of their 
revenue from financial activities, regardless of asset size. This 
category would include highly leveraged entities such as hedge funds 
and financial guarantors. In addition, banking organizations would 
apply a multiplier of 1.25 to the correlation factor for wholesale 
exposures to regulated financial institutions with consolidated assets 
of greater than or equal to $100 billion.
    The proposed definitions of ``financial institution'' and 
``regulated financial institution'' are set forth and discussed in the 
Basel III NPR.
4. Credit Valuation Adjustments
    CVA is the fair value adjustment to reflect counterparty credit 
risk in the valuation of an OTC derivative contract. The BCBS reviewed 
the treatment of counterparty credit risk and found that roughly two-
thirds of counterparty credit risk losses during the crisis were due to 
marked-to-market losses from CVA, while one-third of counterparty 
credit risk losses resulted from actual defaults. Basel II addressed 
counterparty credit risk as a combination of default risk and credit 
migration risk. Credit migration risk accounts for market value losses 
resulting from deterioration of counterparties' credit quality short of 
default and is addressed in Basel II via the maturity adjustment 
multiplier. However, the maturity adjustment multiplier in Basel II was 
calibrated for loan portfolios and may not be suitable for addressing 
CVA risk. Accordingly, Basel III requires banking organizations to 
directly reflect CVA risk through an additional capital requirement.
    The Basel III CVA capital requirement would reflect the CVA due to 
changes of counterparties' credit spreads, assuming fixed expected 
exposure (EE) profiles. Basel III provides two approaches for 
calculating the CVA capital requirement: the simple approach and the 
advanced CVA approach. The agencies are proposing both approaches for 
calculating the CVA capital requirement (subject to certain 
requirements discussed below), but without references to credit 
ratings.
    Only a banking organization that is subject to the market risk 
capital rule and has obtained prior approval from its primary federal 
supervisor to calculate both the EAD for OTC derivative contracts using 
the IMM described in section 132 of the proposed rule, and the specific 
risk add-on for debt positions using a specific risk model described in 
section 207(b) of subpart F would be eligible to use the advanced CVA 
approach. A banking organization that receives such approval would 
continue to use the advanced CVA approach until it notifies its primary 
federal supervisor in writing that it expects to begin calculating its 
CVA capital requirement using the simple CVA approach. The notice would 
include an explanation from the banking organization as to why it is 
choosing to use the simple CVA approach and the date when the banking 
organization would begin to calculate its CVA capital requirement using 
the simple CVA approach.
    Under the proposal, when calculating a CVA capital requirement, a 
banking organization would be permitted to recognize the hedging 
benefits of single name CDS, single name contingent CDS, index CDS 
(CDSind), and any other equivalent hedging instrument that 
references the counterparty directly, provided that the equivalent 
hedging instrument is managed as a CVA hedge in accordance with the 
banking organization's hedging policies. Consistent with Basel III, 
under this NPR, a tranched or nth-to-default CDS would not qualify as a 
CVA hedge. In addition, the agencies propose that any position that is 
recognized as a CVA hedge would not be a covered position under the 
market risk capital rule, except in the case where the banking 
organization is using the advanced CVA approach, the hedge is a 
CDSind, and the VaR model does not capture the basis between 
the spreads of the index that is used as the hedging instrument and the 
hedged counterparty exposure over various time periods, as discussed in 
further detail below.
    To convert the CVA capital requirement to a risk-weighted asset 
amount, a banking organization would multiply its CVA capital 
requirement by 12.5. Under the proposal, because the CVA capital 
requirement reflects market risk, the CVA risk-weighted asset amount 
would not be a component of credit risk-weighted assets and therefore 
would not be subject to the 1.06 multiplier for credit risk-weighted 
assets.
Simple CVA Approach
    The agencies are proposing the Basel III formula for the simple CVA 
approach to calculate the CVA capital requirement (KCVA), 
with a modification in a manner consistent with section 939A of the 
Dodd-Frank Act. A banking organization would use the formula below to 
calculate its CVA capital requirement for OTC derivative transactions. 
The banking organization would calculate KCVA as the square 
root of the sum of the capital requirement for each of its OTC 
derivative counterparties multiplied by 2.33. The simple CVA approach 
is based on an analytical approximation derived from a general CVA VaR 
formulation under a set of simplifying assumptions:
     All credit spreads have a flat term structure;
     All credit spreads at the time horizon have a lognormal 
distribution;
     Each single name credit spread is driven by the 
combination of a single systematic factor and an idiosyncratic factor;
     The correlation between any single name credit spread and 
the systematic factor is equal to 0.5;
     All credit indices are driven by the single systematic 
factor; and
     The time horizon is short (the square root of time scaling 
to 1 year is applied in the end).
The approximation is based on the linearization of the dependence of 
both CVA and CDS hedges on credit spreads. Given the assumptions listed 
above (most notably, the single-factor assumption), CVA VaR can be 
expressed using an analytical formula. The formula of the simple CVA 
approach is obtained by applying certain standardizations, conservative 
adjustments, and scaling to the analytical CVA VaR result.
    A banking organization would calculate KCVA, where:

[[Page 52985]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.023

    In Formula 1, wi refers to the weight applicable to 
counterparty i assigned according to Table 2 below.\7\ In Basel III, 
the BCBS assigned wi based on the external rating of the 
counterparty. However, to comply with the Dodd-Frank requirement to 
remove references to ratings, the agencies propose to assign 
wi based on the relevant PD of the counterparty, as assigned 
by the banking organization. Wind in Formula 1 refers to the 
weight applicable to the CDSind based on the average weight 
under Table 2 of the underlying reference names that comprise the 
index.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ These weights represent the assumed values of the product of 
a counterparties' current credit spread and the volatility of that 
credit spread.

     Table 2--Assignment of Counterparty Weight Under the Simple CVA
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Weight Wind
                Internal PD  (in percent)                  (in percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
0.00-0.07...............................................            0.70
>0.07-0.15..............................................            0.80
>0.15-0.40..............................................            1.00
>0.4-2.00...............................................            2.00
>2.0--6.00..............................................            3.00
>6.0....................................................           10.00
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    EADi \total\ in Formula 1 refers to the sum of the EAD 
for all netting sets of OTC derivative contracts with counterparty i 
calculated using the current exposure methodology described in section 
132(c) of the proposed rule as adjusted by Formula 2 or the IMM 
described in section 132(d) of the proposed rule. When the banking 
organization calculates EAD using the IMM, EADi \total\ 
equals EADunstressed.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.024

    Mi in Formulas  1 and 2 refers to the EAD-weighted 
average of the effective maturity of each netting set with counterparty 
i (where each netting set's M cannot be smaller than one). 
Mihedge in Formula 1 refers to the notional 
weighted average maturity of the hedge instrument. Mind in 
Formula 1 equals the maturity of the CDSind or the notional 
weighted average maturity of any CDSind purchased to hedge 
CVA risk of counterparty i.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ The term ``exp'' is the exponential function.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Bi in Formula 1 refers to the sum of the notional 
amounts of any purchased single name CDS referencing counterparty i 
that is used to hedge CVA risk to counterparty i multiplied by (1-exp(-
0.05 x Mi hedge))/(0.05 x Mi 
hedge). B ind in Formula 1 refers to the notional 
amount of one or more CDSind purchased as protection to 
hedge CVA risk for counterparty i multiplied by (1-exp(-0.05 x 
Mind))/(0.05 x Mind). A banking organization 
would be allowed to treat the notional amount in the index attributable 
to that counterparty as a single name hedge of counterparty i 
(Bi,) when calculating KCVA and subtract the 
notional amount of Bi from the notional amount of the 
CDSind. The banking organization would be required to then 
calculate its capital requirement for the remaining notional amount of 
the CDSind as a stand-alone position.
Advanced CVA Approach
    Under the advanced CVA approach, a banking organization would use 
the VaR model it uses to calculate specific risk under section 205(b) 
of subpart F or another model that meets the quantitative requirements 
of sections 205(b) and 207(b) of subpart F to calculate its CVA capital 
requirement for a counterparty by modeling the impact of changes in the 
counterparty's credit spreads, together with any recognized CVA hedges 
on the CVA for the counterparty. A banking organization's total capital 
requirement for CVA equals the sum of the CVA capital requirements for 
each counterparty.
    The agencies are proposing that the VaR model incorporate only 
changes in the counterparty's credit spreads, not changes in other risk 
factors. The banking organization would not be required to capture 
jump-to-default risk in its VaR model. A banking organization would be 
required to include any immaterial OTC derivative portfolios for which 
it uses the current exposure methodology by using the EAD calculated 
under the current exposure methodology as a constant EE in the formula 
for the calculation of CVA and setting the maturity equal to the 
greater of half of the longest maturity occurring in the netting set 
and the notional weighted average maturity of all transactions in the 
netting set.
    In order for a banking organization to receive approval to use the 
advanced CVA approach, under the NPR, the

[[Page 52986]]

banking organization would need to have the systems capability to 
calculate the CVA capital requirement on a daily basis, but would not 
be expected or required to calculate the CVA capital requirement on a 
daily basis.
    The CVA capital requirement under the advanced CVA approach would 
be equal to the general market risk capital requirement of the CVA 
exposure using the ten-business-day time horizon of the revised market 
risk framework. The capital requirement would not include the 
incremental risk requirement of subpart F. The agencies propose to 
require a banking organization to use the Basel III formula for the 
advanced CVA approach to calculate KCVA as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.025

In Formula 3:

(A) ti = the time of the i-th revaluation time bucket 
starting from t0 = 0.
(B) tT = the longest contractual maturity across the OTC 
derivative contracts with the counterparty.
(C) si = the CDS spread for the counterparty at tenor 
ti used to calculate the CVA for the counterparty. If a 
CDS spread is not available, the banking organization would use a 
proxy spread based on the credit quality, industry and region of the 
counterparty.
(D) LGDMKT = the loss given default of the counterparty 
based on the spread of a publicly traded debt instrument of the 
counterparty, or, where a publicly traded debt instrument spread is 
not available, a proxy spread based on the credit quality, industry 
and region of the counterparty.
(E) EEi = the sum of the expected exposures for all 
netting sets with the counterparty at revaluation time ti 
calculated using the IMM.
(F) Di = the risk-free discount factor at time 
ti, where D0 = 1.
(G) Exp is the exponential function.

    Under the proposal, if a banking organization's VaR model is not 
based on full repricing, the banking organization would use either 
Formula 4 or Formula 5 to calculate credit spread sensitivities. If the 
VaR model is based on credit spread sensitivities for specific tenors, 
the banking organization would calculate each credit spread sensitivity 
according to Formula 4:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.026

    If the VaR model uses credit spread sensitivities to parallel 
shifts in credit spreads, the banking organization would calculate each 
credit spread sensitivity according to Formula 5:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.027

    \9\ For the final time bucket, i = T.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 52987]]

    To calculate the CVAUnstressedVAR measure in Formula 3, 
a banking organization would use the EE for a counterparty calculated 
using current market data to compute current exposures and would 
estimate model parameters using the historical observation period 
required under section 205(b)(2) of subpart F. However, if a banking 
organization uses the shortcut method described in section 132(d)(5) of 
the proposed rule to capture the effect of a collateral agreement when 
estimating EAD using the IMM, the banking organization would calculate 
the EE for the counterparty using that method and keep that EE constant 
with the maturity equal to the maximum of half of the longest maturity 
occurring in the netting set, and the notional weighted average 
maturity of all transactions in the netting set.
    To calculate the CVAStressedVAR measure in Formula 3, 
the banking organization would use the EEi for a 
counterparty calculated using the stress calibration of the IMM. 
However, if a banking organization uses the shortcut method described 
in section 132(d)(5) of the proposed rule to capture the effect of a 
collateral agreement when estimating EAD using the IMM, the banking 
organization would calculate the EEi for the counterparty 
using that method and keep that EEi constant with the 
maturity equal to the greater of half of the longest maturity occurring 
in the netting set with the notional amount equal to the weighted 
average maturity of all transactions in the netting set. Consistent 
with Basel III, the agencies propose to require a banking organization 
to calibrate the VaR model inputs to historical data from the most 
severe twelve-month stress period contained within the three-year 
stress period used to calculate EEi. However, the agencies 
propose to retain the flexibility to require a banking organization to 
use a different period of significant financial stress in the 
calculation of the CVAStressedVAR measure that would better 
reflect actual historic losses of the portfolio.
    Under the NPR, a banking organization's VaR model would be required 
to capture the basis between the spreads of the index that is used as 
the hedging instrument and the hedged counterparty exposure over 
various time periods, including benign and stressed environments. If 
the VaR model does not capture that basis, the banking organization 
would be permitted to reflect only 50 percent of the notional amount of 
the CDSind hedge in the VaR model. The remaining 50 percent 
of the notional amount of the CDSind hedge would be a 
covered position under the market risk capital rule.
    Question 4: The agencies solicit comments on the proposed CVA 
capital requirements, including the simple CVA approach and the 
advanced CVA approach.
5. Cleared Transactions (Central Counterparties)
    CCPs help improve the safety and soundness of the derivatives and 
repo-style transaction markets through the multilateral netting of 
exposures, establishment and enforcement of collateral requirements, 
and market transparency. Under the current advanced approaches rule, 
exposures to qualifying central counterparties (QCCPs) received a zero 
percent risk weight. However, when developing Basel III, the BCBS 
recognized that as more derivatives and repo-style transactions move to 
CCPs, the potential for systemic risk increases. To address these 
concerns, the BCBS has sought comment on a specific capital requirement 
for such transactions with CCPs and a more risk-sensitive approach for 
determining a capital requirement for a banking organization's 
contributions to the default funds of these CCPs. The BCBS also has 
sought comment on a preferential capital treatment for exposures 
arising from derivative and repo-style transactions with, and related 
default fund contributions to, CCPs that meet the standards established 
by the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems (CPSS) and 
International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).\10\ The 
treatment for exposures that arise from the settlement of cash 
transactions (such as equities, fixed income, spot (FX), and spot 
commodities) with a QCCP where there is no assumption of ongoing 
counterparty credit risk by the QCCP after settlement of the trade and 
associated default fund contributions remains unchanged.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ See CPSS, ``Recommendations for Central Counterparties,'' 
(November 2004), available at http://www.bis.org/publ/cpss64.pdf?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A banking organization that is a clearing member, a term that is 
defined in the Basel III NPR as a member of, or direct participant in, 
a CCP that is entitled to enter into transactions with the CCP, or a 
clearing member client, proposed to be defined as a party to a cleared 
transaction associated with a CCP in which a clearing member acts 
either as a financial intermediary with respect to the party or 
guarantees the performance of the party to the CCP, would first 
calculate its trade exposure for a cleared transaction. The trade 
exposure amount for a cleared transaction would be determined as 
follows:
    (1) For a cleared transaction that is a derivative contract or 
netting set of derivative contracts, the trade exposure amount equals:
    (i) The exposure amount for the derivative contract or netting set 
of derivative contracts, calculated using the methodology used to 
calculate exposure amount for OTC derivative contracts under section 
132(c) or 132(d) of this NPR, plus
    (ii) The fair value of the collateral posted by the banking 
organization and held by the CCP or a clearing member in a manner that 
is not bankruptcy remote.
    (2) For a cleared transaction that is a repo-style transaction, the 
trade exposure amount equals:
    (i) The exposure amount for the repo-style transaction calculated 
using the methodologies under sections 132(b)(2), 132(b)(3) or 132(d) 
of this NPR, plus
    (ii) The fair value of the collateral posted by the banking 
organization and held by the CCP or a clearing member in a manner that 
is not bankruptcy remote.
    When the banking organization calculates EAD under the IMM, EAD 
would be calculated using the most recent three years of historical 
data, that is, EADunstressed. Trade exposure would not 
include any collateral held by a custodian in a manner that is 
bankruptcy remote from the CCP.
    Under the proposal, a clearing member banking organization would 
apply a risk weight of 2 percent to its trade exposure amount with a 
QCCP. The proposed definition of QCCP is discussed in the Standardized 
Approach NPR preamble. A banking organization that is a clearing member 
client would apply a 2 percent risk weight to the trade exposure amount 
if:
    (1) The collateral posted by the banking organization to the QCCP 
or clearing member is subject to an arrangement that prevents any 
losses to the clearing member due to the joint default or a concurrent 
insolvency, liquidation, or receivership proceeding of the clearing 
member and any other clearing member clients of the clearing member; 
and
    (2) The clearing member client has conducted sufficient legal 
review to conclude with a well-founded basis (and maintains sufficient 
written documentation of that legal review) that in the event of a 
legal challenge (including one resulting from default or a 
receivership, insolvency, or liquidation proceeding) the relevant court 
and administrative authorities

[[Page 52988]]

would find the arrangements to be legal, valid, binding, and 
enforceable under the law of the relevant jurisdiction, provided 
certain additional criteria are met.
    The agencies believe that omnibus accounts (that is, accounts that 
are generally established by clearing entities for non-clearing 
members) in the United States would satisfy these requirements because 
of the protections afforded client accounts under certain regulations 
of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Commodities Futures 
Trading Commission (CFTC).\11\ If the criteria above are not met, a 
banking organization that is a clearing member client would apply a 
risk weight of 4 percent to the trade exposure amount.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \11\ See Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970, 15 U.S.C 
Section 78aaa--78lll; 17 CFR part 300; 17 CFR part 190.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For a cleared transaction with a CCP that is not a QCCP, a clearing 
member and a banking organization that is a clearing member client 
would risk weight the trade exposure according to the risk weight 
applicable to the CCP under the Standardized Approach NPR.
    Collateral posted by a clearing member or clearing member client 
banking organization that is held in a manner that is bankruptcy remote 
from the CCP would not be subject to a capital requirement for 
counterparty credit risk. As with all posted collateral, the banking 
organization would continue to have a capital requirement for any 
collateral provided to a CCP or a custodian in connection with a 
cleared transaction.
    Under the proposal, a cleared transaction would not include an 
exposure of a banking organization that is a clearing member to its 
clearing member client where the banking organization is either acting 
as a financial intermediary and enters into an offsetting transaction 
with a CCP or where the banking organization provides a guarantee to 
the CCP on the performance of the client. Such a transaction would be 
treated as an OTC derivative transaction. However, the agencies 
recognize that this treatment may create a disincentive for banking 
organizations to act as intermediaries and provide access to CCPs for 
clients. As a result, the agencies are considering approaches that 
could address this disincentive while at the same time appropriately 
reflect the risks of these transactions. For example, one approach 
would allow banking organizations that are clearing members to adjust 
the EAD calculated under section 132 downward by a certain percentage 
or, for banking organizations using the IMM, to adjust the margin 
period of risk. International discussions are ongoing on this issue, 
and the agencies would expect to revisit the treatment of these 
transactions in the event that the BCBS revises its treatment of these 
transactions.
Default Fund Contribution
    The agencies are proposing that, under the advanced approaches 
rule, a banking organization that is a clearing member of a CCP 
calculate its capital requirement for its default fund contributions at 
least quarterly or more frequently upon material changes to the CCP. 
Banking organizations seeking more information on the proposed risk-
based capital treatment of default fund contributions should refer to 
the preamble of the Standardized Approach NPR.
    Question 5: The agencies request comment on the proposed treatment 
of cleared transactions. The agencies solicit comment on whether the 
proposal provides an appropriately risk-sensitive treatment of a 
transaction between a banking organization that is a clearing member 
and its client and a clearing member's guarantee of its client's 
transaction with a CCP by treating these exposures as OTC derivative 
contracts. The agencies also request comment on whether the adjustment 
of the exposure amount would address possible disincentives for banking 
organizations that are clearing members to facilitate the clearing of 
their clients' transactions. What other approaches should the agencies 
consider and why?
    Question 6: The agencies are seeking comment on the proposed 
calculation of the risk-based capital for cleared transactions, 
including the proposed risk-based capital requirements for exposures to 
a QCCP. Are there specific types of exposures to certain QCCPs that 
would warrant an alternative risk-based capital approach? Please 
provide a detailed description of such transactions or exposures, the 
mechanics of the alternative risk-based approach, and the supporting 
rationale.
6. Stress Period for Own Internal Estimates
    Under the collateral haircut approach in the advanced approaches 
rule, banking organizations that receive prior approval from their 
primary federal supervisory may calculate market price and foreign 
exchange volatility using own internal estimates. To receive approval 
to use such an approach, banking organizations are required to base own 
internal estimates on a historical observation period of at least one 
year, among other criteria. During the financial crisis, increased 
volatility in the value of collateral led to higher counterparty 
exposures than estimated by banking organizations. In response, the 
agencies are proposing in this NPR to modify the quantitative standards 
for approval by requiring banking organizations to base own internal 
estimates of haircuts on a historical observation period that reflects 
a continuous 12-month period of significant financial stress 
appropriate to the security or category of securities. As described in 
the Standardized Approach NPR preamble, a banking organization would 
also be required to have policies and procedures that describe how it 
determines the period of significant financial stress used to calculate 
the banking organization's own internal estimates, and to be able to 
provide empirical support for the period used. To ensure an appropriate 
level of conservativeness, in certain circumstances a primary federal 
supervisor may require a banking organization to use a different period 
of significant financial stress in the calculation of own internal 
estimates for haircuts.

B. Removal of Credit Ratings

    Consistent with section 939A of the Dodd-Frank Act, the agencies 
are proposing a number of changes to the definitions in the advanced 
approaches rule that currently reference credit ratings.\12\ These 
changes are similar to alternative standards proposed in the 
Standardized Approach NPR and alternative standards that already have 
been implemented in the agencies' market risk capital rule. In 
addition, the agencies are proposing necessary changes to the hierarchy 
for risk weighting securitization exposures necessitated by the removal 
of the ratings-based approach, as described further below.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ See 76 FR 79380 (Dec. 21, 2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The agencies propose to use an ``investment grade'' standard that 
does not rely on credit ratings as an alternative standard in a number 
of requirements under the advanced approaches rule, as explained below. 
Under this NPR and the Standardized Approach NPR, investment grade 
would mean that the entity to which the banking organization is exposed 
through a loan or security, or the reference entity with respect to a 
credit derivative, has adequate capacity to meet financial commitments 
for the projected life of the asset or exposure. Such an entity or 
reference entity has adequate capacity to meet financial commitments if 
the risk

[[Page 52989]]

of its default is low and the full and timely repayment of principal 
and interest is expected.
Eligible Guarantor
    Under the current advanced approaches rule, guarantors are required 
to meet a number of criteria in order to be considered as eligible 
guarantors under the securitization framework. For example, the entity 
must have issued and outstanding an unsecured long-term debt security 
without credit enhancement that has a long-term applicable external 
rating in one of the three highest investment-grade rating categories. 
The agencies are proposing to replace the term ``eligible 
securitization guarantor'' with the term ``eligible guarantor,'' which 
includes certain entities that have issued and outstanding an unsecured 
debt security without credit enhancement that is investment grade. 
Other modifications to the definition of eligible guarantor are 
discussed in subpart C of this preamble.
Eligible Double Default Guarantor
    Under this proposal, the term ``eligible double default 
guarantor,'' with respect to a guarantee or credit derivative obtained 
by a banking organization, means:
    (1) U.S.-based-entities. A depository institution, bank holding 
company, savings and loan holding company, or securities broker or 
dealer registered with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act of 
1934 (15 U.S.C. 78o et seq.), if at the time the guarantee is issued or 
any time thereafter, has issued and outstanding an unsecured debt 
security without credit enhancement that is investment grade.
    (2) Non-U.S.-based entities. A foreign bank, or a non-U.S.-based 
securities firm if the banking organization demonstrates that the 
guarantor is subject to consolidated supervision and regulation 
comparable to that imposed on U.S. depository institutions, or 
securities broker-dealers) if at the time the guarantee is issued or 
anytime thereafter, has issued and outstanding an unsecured debt 
security without credit enhancement that is investment grade. Under the 
proposal, insurance companies in the business of providing credit 
protection would no longer be eligible double default guarantors.
Conversion Factor Matrix for OTC Derivative Contracts
    Under this proposal and Standardized Approach NPR, the agencies 
propose to retain the metrics used to calculate the potential future 
exposure (PFE) for derivative contracts (as set forth in table 3 of the 
proposed rule), and apply the proposed definition of ``investment 
grade.''
Money Market Fund Approach
    Previously, under the advanced approaches money market fund 
approach, banking organizations were permitted to assign a 7 percent 
risk weight to exposures to money market funds that were subject to SEC 
rule 2a-7 and that had an applicable external rating in the highest 
investment grade rating category. In this NPR, the agencies propose to 
eliminate the money market fund approach. The agencies believe it is 
appropriate to eliminate the preferential risk weight for money market 
fund investments due to the agencies' and banking organizations' 
experience with them during the recent financial crisis, in which they 
demonstrated, at times, elevated credit risk. As a result of the 
proposed changes, a banking organization would use one of the three 
alternative approaches under section 154 of this proposal to determine 
the risk weight for its exposures to a money market fund, subject to a 
20 percent floor.
Modified Look-Through Approaches for Equity Exposures to Investment 
Funds
    Under the proposal, risk weights for equity exposures under the 
simple modified look-through approach would be based on the highest 
risk weight assigned according to subpart D of the Standardized 
Approach NPR based on the investment limits in the fund's prospectus, 
partnership agreement, or similar contract that defines the fund's 
permissible investments.
Qualifying Operational Risk Mitigants
    Under section 161 of the proposal, a banking organization may 
adjust its estimate of operational risk exposure to reflect qualifying 
operational risk mitigants. Previously, for insurance to be considered 
as a qualifying operational risk mitigant, it was required to be 
provided by an unaffiliated company rated in the three highest rating 
categories by a nationally recognized statistical ratings organization 
(NRSRO). Under the proposal, qualifying operational risk mitigants, 
among other criteria, would be required to be provided by an 
unaffiliated company that the banking organization deems to have strong 
capacity to meet its claims payment obligations and the obligor rating 
category to which the banking organization assigns the company is 
assigned a PD equal to or less than 10 basis points.
    Question 7: The agencies request comment on the proposed use of 
alternative standards as they would relate to the definitions of 
investment grade, eligible guarantor, eligible double default guarantor 
under the advanced approaches rule, as well as the treatment of certain 
OTC derivative contracts, operational risk mitigants, money market 
mutual funds, and investment funds under the advanced approaches rule.

C. Proposed Revisions to the Treatment of Securitization Exposures

1. Definitions
    Consistent with the 2009 Enhancements and as proposed in the 
Standardized Approach NPR, the agencies are proposing to introduce a 
new definition for resecuritization exposures and broaden the 
definition of securitization. In addition, the agencies are proposing 
to amend the existing definition of traditional securitization in order 
to exclude certain types of investment firms from treatment under the 
securitization framework.
    The definition of a securitization exposure would be broadened to 
include an exposure that directly or indirectly references a 
securitization exposure. Specifically, a securitization exposure would 
be defined as an on-balance sheet or off-balance sheet credit exposure 
(including credit-enhancing representations and warranties) that arises 
from a traditional securitization or synthetic securitization exposure 
(including a resecuritization), or an exposure that directly or 
indirectly references a securitization exposure. The agencies are 
proposing to define a resecuritization exposure as (1) an on- or off-
balance sheet exposure to a resecuritization; or (2) an exposure that 
directly or indirectly references a resecuritization exposure. An 
exposure to an asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP) program would not 
be a resecuritization exposure if either: the program-wide credit 
enhancement does not meet the definition of a resecuritization 
exposure; or the entity sponsoring the program fully supports the 
commercial paper through the provision of liquidity so that the 
commercial paper holders effectively are exposed to the default risk of 
the sponsor instead of the underlying exposures. Resecuritization would 
mean a securitization in which one or more of the underlying exposures 
is a securitization exposure.
    The recent financial crisis demonstrated that resecuritization 
exposures, such as collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) comprised of 
asset-backed securities (ABS), generally present greater levels of risk 
relative to

[[Page 52990]]

other securitization exposures due to their increased complexity and 
lack of transparency and potential to concentrate systematic risk. 
Accordingly, the 2009 Enhancements amended the Basel II internal 
ratings-based approach in the securitization framework to require a 
banking organization to assign higher risk weights to resecuritization 
exposures than other, similarly-rated securitization exposures. In this 
proposal, the agencies are proposing to assign risk weights under the 
simplified supervisory formula approach (SSFA) in a manner that would 
result in higher risk weights for resecuritization exposures. In 
addition, the agencies are proposing to modify the definition of 
financial collateral such that resecuritizations would no longer 
qualify as eligible financial collateral under the advanced approaches 
rule.
Asset-Backed Commercial Paper
    The following is an example of how to evaluate whether a 
transaction involving a traditional multi-seller ABCP conduit would be 
considered a resecuritization exposure under the proposed rule. In this 
example, an ABCP conduit acquires securitization exposures where the 
underlying assets consist of wholesale loans and no securitization 
exposures. As is typically the case in multi-seller ABCP conduits, each 
seller provides first-loss protection by over-collateralizing the 
conduit to which it sells its loans. To ensure that the commercial 
paper issued by each conduit is highly-rated, a banking organization 
sponsor provides either a pool-specific liquidity facility or a 
program-wide credit enhancement such as a guarantee to cover a portion 
of the losses above the seller-provided protection.
    The pool-specific liquidity facility generally would not be treated 
as a resecuritization exposure under this proposal because the pool-
specific liquidity facility represents a tranche of a single asset pool 
(that is, the applicable pool of wholesale exposures), which contains 
no securitization exposures. However, a sponsor's program-wide credit 
enhancement that does not cover all losses above the seller-provided 
credit enhancement across the various pools generally would constitute 
tranching of risk of a pool of multiple assets containing at least one 
securitization exposure, and therefore would be treated as a 
resecuritization exposure.
    In addition, if the conduit from the example funds itself entirely 
with a single class of commercial paper, then the commercial paper 
generally would not be considered a resecuritization exposure if either 
the program-wide credit enhancement did not meet the proposed 
definition of a resecuritization exposure, or the commercial paper was 
fully guaranteed by the sponsoring banking organization. When the 
sponsoring banking organization fully guarantees the commercial paper, 
the commercial paper holders effectively would be exposed to the 
default risk of the sponsor instead of the underlying exposures, thus 
ensuring that the commercial paper does not represent a tranched risk 
position.
Definition of Traditional Securitization
    Since issuing the advanced approaches rules in 2007, the agencies 
have received feedback from banking organizations that the existing 
definition of traditional securitization is inconsistent with their 
risk experience and market practice. The agencies have reviewed this 
definition in light of this feedback and agree with commenters that 
changes to it may be appropriate. The agencies are proposing to exclude 
from the definition of traditional securitization exposures to 
investment funds, collective investment funds, pension funds regulated 
under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) and their 
foreign equivalents, and transactions regulated under the Investment 
Company Act of 1940 and their foreign equivalents, because these 
entities are generally prudentially regulated and subject to strict 
leverage requirements. Moreover, the agencies believe that the capital 
requirements for an extension of credit to, or an equity holding in 
these transactions would be more appropriately calculated under the 
rules for corporate and equity exposures, and that the securitization 
framework was not designed to apply to such transactions.
    Accordingly, the agencies propose to amend the definition of a 
traditional securitization by excluding any fund that is (1) An 
investment fund, as defined under the rule, (2) a pension fund 
regulated under ERISA or a foreign equivalent, or (3) a company 
regulated under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or a foreign 
equivalent. Under the current rule, the definition of investment fund, 
which the agencies are not proposing to amend, means a company all or 
substantially all of the assets of which are financial assets; and that 
has no material liabilities.
    Question 8: The agencies request comment on the proposed revisions 
to the definition of traditional securitization.
    Under the current advanced approaches rule, the definition of 
eligible securitization guarantor includes, among other entities, any 
entity (other than a securitization special purpose entity (SPE)) that 
has issued and has outstanding an unsecured long-term debt security 
without credit enhancement that has a long-term applicable external 
rating in one of the three highest investment-grade rating categories, 
or has a PD assigned by the banking organization that is lower than or 
equal to the PD associated with a long-term external rating in the 
third highest investment grade category. The agencies are proposing to 
remove the existing references to ratings from the definition of an 
eligible guarantor (the proposed new term for an eligible 
securitization guarantor). As revised, the definition for an eligible 
guarantor would include:
    (1) A sovereign, the Bank for International Settlements, the 
International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank, the European 
Commission, a Federal Home Loan Bank, Federal Agricultural Mortgage 
Corporation (Farmer Mac), a multilateral development bank, a depository 
institution, a bank holding company, a savings and loan holding company 
(as defined in 12 U.S.C. 1467a), a credit union, or a foreign bank; or
    (2) An entity (other than an SPE):
    (i) That at the time the guarantee is issued or anytime thereafter, 
has issued and outstanding an unsecured debt security without credit 
enhancement that is investment grade;
    (ii) Whose creditworthiness is not positively correlated with the 
credit risk of the exposures for which it has provided guarantees; and
    (iii) That is not an insurance company engaged predominately in the 
business of providing credit protection (such as a monoline bond 
insurer or re-insurer).
    During the financial crisis, certain guarantors of securitization 
exposures had difficulty honoring those guarantees as the financial 
condition of the guarantors deteriorated at the same time as the 
guaranteed exposures experienced losses. Therefore, the agencies are 
proposing to add the requirement related to the correlation between the 
guarantor's creditworthiness and the credit risk of the exposures it 
has guaranteed to address this concern.
    Question 9: The agencies request comment on the proposed revisions 
to the definition of eligible securitization guarantor.

[[Page 52991]]

2. Operational Criteria for Recognizing Risk Transference in 
Traditional Securitizations
    Section 41 of the current advanced approaches rule includes 
operational criteria for recognizing the transfer of risk. Under the 
criteria, a banking organization that transfers exposures that it has 
originated or purchased to a securitization SPE or other third party in 
connection with a traditional securitization may exclude the exposures 
from the calculation of risk-weighted assets only if certain conditions 
are met. Among the criteria listed is that the transfer is considered a 
sale under the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).
    The purpose of the criterion that the transfer be considered a sale 
under GAAP was to ensure that the banking organization that transferred 
the exposures was not required under GAAP to consolidate the exposures 
on its balance sheet. Given changes in GAAP since the rule was 
published in 2007, the agencies propose to amend paragraph (a)(1) of 
section 41 of the advanced approaches rule to require that the 
transferred exposures are not reported on the banking organization's 
balance sheet under GAAP.\13\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \13\ For more information on the changes in GAAP related to the 
transfer of exposures, see Financial Accounting Standards Board, 
Topics 810 and 860.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Question 10: The agencies request comment on the proposed revisions 
to operational criteria under section 41 of the advanced approaches 
rule.
3. Proposed Revisions to the Hierarchy of Approaches
    Consistent with section 939A of the Dodd-Frank Act, the agencies 
are proposing to remove the advanced approaches rule's ratings-based 
approach (RBA) and internal assessment approach (IAA) for 
securitization exposures. Under the proposal, the hierarchy for 
securitization exposures would be modified as follows:
    (1) A banking organization would be required to deduct from common 
equity tier 1 capital any after-tax gain-on-sale resulting from a 
securitization and apply a 1,250 percent risk weight to the portion of 
a credit-enhancing interest-only strip (CEIO) that does not constitute 
after-tax gain-on-sale.
    (2) If a securitization exposure does not require deduction, a 
banking organization would be required to assign a risk weight to the 
securitization exposure using the supervisory formula approach (SFA). 
The agencies expect banking organizations to use the SFA rather than 
the SSFA in all instances where data to calculate the SFA is available.
    (3) If the banking organization cannot apply the SFA because not 
all the relevant qualification criteria are met, it would be allowed to 
apply the SSFA. A banking organization should be able to explain and 
justify (e.g., based on data availability) to its primary federal 
regulator any instances in which the banking organization uses the SSFA 
rather than the SFA for its securitization exposures.
    If the banking organization does not apply the SSFA to the 
exposure, the banking organization would be required to assign a 1,250 
percent risk weight, unless the exposure qualifies for a treatment 
available to certain ABCP exposures under section 44 of Standardized 
Approach NPR.
    The SSFA, described in detail in the Standardized Approach NPR, is 
similar in construct and function to the SFA. A banking organization 
would need several inputs to calculate the SSFA. The first input is the 
weighted-average capital requirement under the requirements described 
in Standardized Approach NPR that would be applied to the underlying 
exposures if they were held directly by the banking organization. The 
second and third inputs indicate the position's level of subordination 
and relative size within the securitization. The fourth input is the 
level of delinquencies experienced on the underlying exposures. A bank 
would apply the hierarchy of approaches in section 142 of this proposed 
rule to determine which approach it would apply to a securitization 
exposure.
    Banking organizations using the advanced approaches rule should 
note that the Standardized Approach NPR would require the use of the 
SSFA for certain securitizations subject to the advanced approaches 
rule.
    Question 11: The agencies request comment on the proposed revisions 
to the hierarchy for securitization exposures under the advanced 
approaches rule.
4. Guarantees and Credit Derivatives Referencing a Securitization 
Exposure
    The advanced approaches rule includes methods for calculating risk-
weighted assets for nth-to-default credit derivatives, including first-
to-default credit derivatives and second-or-subsequent-to-default 
credit derivatives.\14\ The advanced approaches rule, however, does not 
specify how to treat guarantees or non-nth-to-default credit 
derivatives purchased or sold that reference a securitization exposure. 
Accordingly, the agencies are proposing clarifying revisions to the 
risk-based capital requirements for credit protection purchased or 
provided in the form of a guarantee or derivative other than nth-to-
default credit derivatives that reference a securitization exposure.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ Nth-to-default credit derivative means a credit derivative 
that provides credit protection only for the nth-defaulting 
reference exposure in a group of reference exposures. See 12 CFR 
part 3, appendix C, section 42(l) (OCC); 12 CFR part 208, appendix 
F, and 12 CFR part 225, appendix G (Board); 12 CFR part 325, 
appendix D, section 4(l), and 12 CFR part 390, subpart Z, appendix 
A, section 4(l) (FDIC).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For a guarantee or credit derivative (other than an nth-to-default 
credit derivative), the proposal would require a banking organization 
to determine the risk-based capital requirement for the guarantee or 
credit derivative as if it directly holds the portion of the reference 
exposure covered by the guarantee or credit derivative. The banking 
organization would calculate its risk-based capital requirement for the 
guarantee or credit derivative by applying either (1) the SFA as 
provided in section 143 of the proposal to the reference exposure if 
the bank and the reference exposure qualify for the SFA; or (2) the 
SSFA as provided in section 144 of the proposal. If the guarantee or 
credit derivative and the reference securitization exposure would not 
qualify for the SFA, or the SSFA, the bank would be required to assign 
a 1,250 percent risk weight to the notional amount of protection 
provided under the guarantee or credit derivative.
    The proposal also would modify the advanced approaches rule to 
clarify how a banking organization may recognize a guarantee or credit 
derivative (other than an nth-to-default credit derivative) purchased 
as a credit risk mitigant for a securitization exposure held by the 
banking organization. In addition, the proposal adds a provision that 
would require a banking organization to use section 131 of the proposal 
instead of the approach required under the hierarchy of approaches in 
section 142 to calculate the risk-based capital requirements for a 
credit protection purchased by a banking organization in the form of a 
guarantee or credit derivative (other than an nth-to-default credit 
derivative) that references a securitization exposure that a banking 
organization does not hold. Credit protection purchased that references 
a securitization exposure not held by a banking organization subjects 
the banking organization to counterparty credit risk with respect to 
the credit protection but not credit risk to the securitization 
exposure.

[[Page 52992]]

    Question 12: The agencies request comment on the proposed revisions 
to the treatment of guarantees and credit derivatives that reference a 
securitization exposure.
5. Due Diligence Requirements for Securitization Exposures
    As the recent financial crisis unfolded, weaknesses in exposures 
underlying securitizations became apparent and resulted in NRSROs 
downgrading many securitization exposures held by banks. The agencies 
found that many banking organizations relied on NRSRO ratings as a 
proxy for the credit quality of securitization exposures they purchased 
and held without conducting their own sufficient independent credit 
analysis. As a result, some banking organizations did not have 
sufficient capital to absorb the losses attributable to these 
exposures. Accordingly, consistent with the 2009 Enhancements, the 
agencies are proposing to implement due diligence requirements that 
banking organizations would be required to use the SFA or SSFA to 
determine the risk-weighted asset amount for securitization exposures 
under the advanced approaches proposal. These disclosure requirements 
are consistent with those required in the standardized approach, as 
discussed in the Standardized Approach NPR.
    Question 13: The agencies solicit comments on what, if any, are 
specific challenges that are involved with meeting the proposed due 
diligence requirements and for what types of securitization exposures? 
How might the agencies address these challenges while ensuring that a 
banking organization conducts an appropriate level of due diligence 
commensurate with the risks of its exposures?
6. Nth-to-Default Credit Derivatives
    The agencies propose that a banking organization that provides 
credit protection through an nth-to-default derivative assign a risk 
weight to the derivative using the SFA or the SSFA. In the case of 
credit protection sold, a banking organization would determine its 
exposure in the nth-to-default credit derivative as the largest 
notional dollar amount of all the underlying exposures.
    When applying the SSFA to protection provided in the form of an 
nth-to-default credit derivative, the attachment point (parameter A) is 
the ratio of the sum of the notional amounts of all underlying 
exposures that are subordinated to the banking organization's exposure 
to the total notional amount of all underlying exposures. For purposes 
of applying the SFA, parameter A would be set equal to the credit 
enhancement level (L) used in the SFA formula. In the case of a first-
to-default credit derivative, there are no underlying exposures that 
are subordinated to the banking organization's exposure. In the case of 
a second-or-subsequent-to default credit derivative, the smallest (n-1) 
underlying exposure(s) are subordinated to the banking organization's 
exposure.
    Under the SSFA, the detachment point (parameter D) would be the sum 
of the attachment point and the ratio of the notional amount of the 
banking organization's exposure to the total notional amount of the 
underlying exposures. Under the SFA, Parameter D would be set to equal 
L plus the thickness of the tranche (T) under the SFA formula. A 
banking organization that does not use the SFA or SSFA to calculate a 
risk weight for an nth-to-default credit derivative would assign a risk 
weight of 1,250 percent to the exposure.
    For the treatment of protection purchased through an nth-to-
default, a banking organization would determine its risk-based capital 
requirement for the underlying exposures as if the banking organization 
had synthetically securitized the underlying exposure with the lowest 
risk-based capital requirement and had obtained no credit risk mitigant 
on the underlying exposures. A banking organization would calculate a 
risk-based capital requirement for counterparty credit risk according 
to section 132 of the proposal for a first-to-default credit derivative 
that does not meet the rules of recognition for guarantees and credit 
derivatives under section 134(b).
    A banking organization that obtains credit protection on a group of 
underlying exposures through a nth-to-default credit derivative that 
meets the rules of recognition of section 134(b) of the proposal (other 
than a first-to-default credit derivative) would be permitted to 
recognize the credit risk mitigation benefits of the derivative only if 
the banking organization also has obtained credit protection on the 
same underlying exposures in the form of first-through-(n-1)-to-default 
credit derivatives; or if n-1 of the underlying exposures have already 
defaulted. If a banking organization satisfies these requirements, the 
banking organization would determine its risk-based capital requirement 
for the underlying exposures as if the banking organization had only 
synthetically securitized the underlying exposure with the nth lowest 
risk-based capital requirement and had obtained no credit risk mitigant 
on the other underlying exposures. A banking organization that does not 
fulfill these requirements would calculate a risk-based capital 
requirement for counterparty credit risk according to section 132 of 
the proposal for a nth-to-default credit derivative that does not meet 
the rules of recognition of section 134(b) of the proposal.
    For a guarantee or credit derivative (other than an nth-to-default 
credit derivative) provided by a banking organization that covers the 
full amount or a pro rata share of a securitization exposure's 
principal and interest, the banking organization would risk weight the 
guarantee or credit derivative as if it holds the portion of the 
reference exposure covered by the guarantee or credit derivative.
    As a protection purchaser, if a banking organization chooses (and 
is able) to recognize a guarantee or credit derivative (other than an 
nth-to-default credit derivative) that references a securitization 
exposure as a credit risk mitigant, where applicable, the banking 
organization must apply section 145 of the proposal for the recognition 
of credit risk mitigants. If a banking organization cannot, or chooses 
not to, recognize a credit derivative that references a securitization 
exposure as a credit risk mitigant under section 145, the banking 
organization would determine its capital requirement only for 
counterparty credit risk in accordance with section 131 of the 
proposal.
    Question 14: The agencies request comment on the proposed treatment 
for nth-to-default credit derivatives.

D. Treatment of Exposures Subject to Deduction

    Under the current advanced approaches rule, a banking organization 
must deduct certain exposures from total capital, including 
securitization exposures such as CEIOs, low-rated securitization 
exposures, and high-risk securitization exposures subject to the SFA; 
eligible credit reserves shortfall; and certain failed capital markets 
transactions.\15\ Consistent with Basel III, the agencies are proposing 
that the exposures noted above that are currently deducted from total 
capital would instead be assigned a 1,250 percent risk weight, except 
as required under

[[Page 52993]]

subpart B of the Standardized Approach NPR, and except for deductions 
from total capital of insurance underwriting subsidiaries of bank 
holding companies. The proposed change would reduce the differences in 
the measure of tier 1 capital for risk-based capital purposes under the 
advanced approaches rule as compared to the leverage capital 
requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ Section 42(a)(1) of the advanced approaches rule states, in 
part, that a banking organization must deduct from total capital the 
portion of any CEIO that does not constitute gain-on-sale. The 
proposal would clarify that this provision relates to any CEIO that 
does not constitute after-tax gain-on-sale; see 12 CFR part 3, 
appendix C, section 11, and 12 CFR part 167, section 11 (OCC); 12 
CFR part 208, appendix F, section 11, and 12 CFR part 225, appendix 
G, section 11 (Board); 12 CFR part 325, appendix D, section 11, and 
12 CFR part 390, subpart Z, appendix A, section 11 (FDIC).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The agencies note that such treatment is not equivalent to a 
deduction from tier 1 capital, as the effect of a 1,250 percent risk 
weight would depend on an individual banking organization's current 
risk-based capital ratios. Specifically, when a risk-based capital 
ratio (either tier 1 or total risk-based capital) exceeds 8.0 percent, 
the effect on that risk-based capital ratio of assigning an exposure a 
1,250 percent risk weight would be more conservative than a deduction 
from total capital. The more a risk-based capital ratio exceeds 8.0 
percent, the harsher is the effect of a 1,250 percent risk weight on 
risk-based capital ratios. Conversely, the effect of a 1,250 percent 
risk weight would be less harsh than a deduction from total capital for 
any risk-based capital ratio that is below 8.0 percent. Unlike a 
deduction from total capital, however, a bank's leverage ratio would 
not be affected by assigning an exposure a 1,250 percent risk weight.
    The agencies are not proposing to apply a 1,250 percent risk weight 
to those exposures currently deducted from tier 1 capital under the 
advanced approaches rule. For example, the agencies are proposing that 
gain-on-sale that is deducted from tier 1 under the advanced approaches 
rule be deducted from common equity tier 1 under the proposed rule. In 
this regard, the agencies also clarify that any asset deducted from 
common equity tier 1, tier 1, or tier 2 capital under the advanced 
approaches rule would not be included in the measure of risk-weighted 
assets under the advanced approaches rule.
    Question 15: The agencies request comment on the proposed 1,250 
percent risk weighting approach to CEIOs, low-rated securitization 
exposures, and high-risk securitization exposures subject to the SFA, 
any eligible credit reserves shortfall, and certain failed capital 
markets transactions.

E. Technical Amendments to the Advanced Approaches Rule

    The agencies are proposing other amendments to the advanced 
approaches rule that are designed to refine and clarify certain aspects 
of the rule's implementation. Each of these revisions is described 
below.
1. Eligible Guarantees and Contingent U.S. Government Guarantees
    In order to be recognized as an eligible guarantee under the 
advanced approaches rule, the guarantee, among other criteria, must be 
unconditional. The agencies note that this definition would exclude 
certain guarantees provided by the U.S. Government or its agencies that 
would require some action on the part of the bank or some other third 
party. However, based on their risk perspective, the agencies believe 
that these guarantees should be recognized as eligible guarantees. 
Therefore, the agencies are proposing to amend the definition of 
eligible guarantee so that it explicitly includes a contingent 
obligation of the U.S. Government or an agency of the U.S. Government, 
the validity of which is dependent on some affirmative action on the 
part of the beneficiary or a third party (for example, servicing 
requirements) irrespective of whether such contingent obligation would 
otherwise be considered a conditional guarantee. A corresponding 
provision is included in section 36 of the Standardized Approach NPR.
2. Calculation of Foreign Exposures for Applicability of the Advanced 
Approaches--Insurance Underwriting Subsidiaries
    A banking organization is subject to the advanced approaches rule 
if it has consolidated assets greater than or equal to $250 billion, or 
if it has total consolidated on-balance sheet foreign exposures of at 
least $10 billion.\16\ For bank holding companies, in particular, the 
advanced approaches rule provides that the $250 billion threshold 
criterion excludes assets held by an insurance underwriting subsidiary. 
However, a similar provision does not exist for the $10 billion 
foreign-exposure threshold criteria. Therefore, for bank holding 
companies and savings and loan holding companies, the Board is 
proposing to exclude assets held by insurance underwriting subsidiaries 
from the $10 billion in total foreign exposures threshold. The Board 
believes such a parallel provision would result in a more appropriate 
scope of application for the advanced approaches rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ See 12 CFR part 3, appendix C, and 12 CFR part 167, 
appendix C (OCC); 12 CFR part 208, appendix F, and 12 CFR part 225, 
appendix G (Board); 12 CFR part 325, appendix D, and 12 CFR part 
390, subpart Z (FDIC).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Calculation of Foreign Exposures for Applicability of the Advanced 
Approaches--Changes to FFIEC 009
    The agencies are proposing to revise the advanced approaches rule 
to comport with changes to the Federal Financial Institutions 
Examination Council (FFIEC) Country Exposure Report (FFIEC 009) that 
occurred after the issuance of the advanced approaches rule in 2007. 
Specifically, the FFIEC 009 replaced the term ``local country claims'' 
with the term ``foreign-office claims.'' Accordingly, the agencies have 
made a similar change under section 100, the section of the advanced 
approaches rule that makes the rules applicable to a banking 
organization that has consolidated total on-balance sheet foreign 
exposures equal to $10 billion or more. As a result, to determine total 
on-balance sheet foreign exposure, a bank would sum its adjusted cross-
border claims, local country claims, and cross-border revaluation gains 
calculated in accordance with FFIEC 009. Adjusted cross-border claims 
would equal total cross-border claims less claims with the head office 
or guarantor located in another country, plus redistributed guaranteed 
amounts to the country of the head office or guarantor.
4. Applicability of the Rule
    The agencies believe it would not be appropriate for banking 
organizations to move in and out of the scope of the advanced 
approaches rule based on fluctuating asset sizes. As a result, the 
agencies are proposing to amend the advanced approaches rule to clarify 
that once a banking organization is subject to the advanced approaches 
rule, it would remain subject to the rule until its primary federal 
supervisor determines that application of the rule would not be 
appropriate in light of the banking organization's asset size, level of 
complexity, risk profile, or scope of operations. In connection with 
the consideration of a banking organization's level of complexity, risk 
profile, and scope of operations, the agencies also may consider a 
banking organization's interconnectedness and other relevant risk-
related factors.
5. Change to the Definition of Probability of Default Related to 
Seasoning
    The advanced approaches rule requires an upward adjustment to 
estimated PD for segments of retail exposures for which seasoning 
effects are material. The rationale underlying this requirement was the 
seasoning pattern displayed by some types of retail

[[Page 52994]]

exposures--that is, the exposures have very low default rates in their 
first year, rising default rates in the next few years, and declining 
default rates for the remainder of their terms. Because of the one-year 
internal ratings-based (IRB) default horizon, capital based on the very 
low PDs for newly originated, or ``unseasoned,'' loans would be 
insufficient to cover the elevated risk in subsequent years. The upward 
seasoning adjustment to PD was designed to ensure that banking 
organizations would have sufficient capital when default rates for such 
segments rose predictably beginning in year two.
    Since the issuance of the advanced approaches rule, the agencies 
have found the seasoning provision to be problematic. First, it is 
difficult to ensure consistency across institutions, given that there 
is no guidance or criteria for determining when seasoning is 
``material'' or what magnitude of upward adjustment to PD is 
``appropriate.'' Second, the advanced approaches rule lacks flexibility 
by requiring an upward PD adjustment whenever there is a significant 
relationship between a segment's default rate and its age (since 
origination). For example, the upward PD adjustment may be 
inappropriate in cases where (1) The outstanding balance of a segment 
is falling faster over time (due to defaults and prepayments) than the 
default rate is rising; (2) the age (since origination) distribution of 
a portfolio is stable over time; or (3) where the loans in a segment 
are intended, with a high degree of certainty, to be sold or 
securitized within a short time period.
    Therefore, the agencies are proposing to delete the regulatory 
(Pillar 1) seasoning provision and instead to treat seasoning under 
Pillar 2. In addition to the difficulties in applying the advanced 
approaches rule's seasoning requirements discussed above, the agencies 
believe that the consideration of seasoning belongs more appropriately 
in Pillar 2 First, seasoning involves the determination of minimum 
required capital for a period in excess of the 12-month time horizon of 
Pillar 1. It thus falls more appropriately under longer-term capital 
planning and capital adequacy, which are major focal points of the 
internal capital adequacy assessment process component of Pillar 2. 
Second, seasoning is a major issue only where a banking organization 
has a concentration of unseasoned loans. The capital treatment of loan 
concentrations of all kinds is omitted from Pillar 1; however, it is 
dealt with explicitly in Pillar 2.
6. Cash Items in Process of Collection
    Previously under the advanced approaches rule issued in 2007, cash 
items in the process of collection were not assigned a risk-based 
capital treatment and, as a result, would have been subject to a 100 
percent risk weight. Under the proposed rule, the agencies are revising 
the advanced approaches rule to risk weight cash items in the process 
of collection at 20 percent of the carrying value, as the agencies have 
concluded that this treatment would be more commensurate with the risk 
of these exposures. A corresponding provision is included in section 32 
of the Standardized Approach NPR.
7. Change to the Definition of Qualified Revolving Exposure
    The agencies are proposing to modify the definition of Qualified 
Revolving Exposure (QRE) such that certain unsecured and 
unconditionally cancellable exposures where a banking organization 
consistently imposes in practice an upper exposure limit of $100,000 
and requires payment in full every cycle will now qualify as QRE. Under 
the current definition, only unsecured and unconditionally cancellable 
revolving exposures with a pre-established maximum exposure amount of 
$100,000 (such as credit cards) are classified as QRE. Unsecured, 
unconditionally cancellable exposures that require payment in full and 
have no communicated maximum exposure amount (often referred to as 
``charge cards'') are instead classified as ``other retail.'' For 
regulatory capital purposes, this classification is material and would 
generally result in substantially higher minimum required capital to 
the extent that the exposure's asset value correlation (AVC) will 
differ if classified as QRE (where it is assigned an AVC of 4 percent) 
or other retail (where AVC varies inversely with through-the-cycle PD 
estimated at the segment level and can go as high as almost 16 percent 
for very low PD segments).
    The proposed definition would allow certain charge card products to 
qualify as QRE. Charge card exposures may be viewed as revolving in 
that there is an ability to borrow despite a requirement to pay in 
full. Where a banking organization consistently imposes in practice an 
upper exposure limit of $100,000 the agencies believe that charge cards 
are more closely aligned from a risk perspective with credit cards than 
with any type of ``other retail'' exposure and are therefore proposing 
to amend the definition of QRE in order to allow such products to 
qualify as QRE.
    The agencies also have considered the appropriate treatment of 
hybrid cards. Hybrid cards have characteristics of both charge and 
credit cards. The agencies are uncertain whether it would be prudent to 
allow hybrid cards to qualify as QREs at this time. Hybrid cards are a 
relatively new product, and there is limited information available 
about them including data on their market and risk characteristics.
    Question 16: Do hybrid cards exhibit similar risk characteristics 
to credit and charge cards and should the agencies allow them to 
qualify as QREs? Commenters are requested to provide a detailed 
explanation, as appropriate, as well as the relevant data and impact 
analysis to support their positions. Such information should include 
data on the number or dollar-amounts of cards issued to date, 
anticipated growth rate, and performance data including default and 
delinquency rates, credit score distribution of cardholders, 
volatilities, or asset-value correlations.
8. Trade-Related Letters of Credit
    In 2011, the BCBS revised the Basel II advanced internal ratings-
based approach to remove the one-year maturity floor for trade finance 
instruments. Consistent with this revision, this proposed rule would 
specify that an exposure's effective maturity must be no greater than 
five years and no less than one year, except that an exposure's 
effective maturity must be no less than one day if the exposure is a 
trade-related letter of credit, or if the exposure has an original 
maturity of less than one year and is not part of a banking 
organization's ongoing financing of the obligor.
    A corresponding provision is included in section 33 of the 
Standardized Approach NPR.
    Question 17: The agencies request comment on all the other proposed 
amendments to the advanced approaches rule described in section E 
(items 1 through 8), of this preamble.

F. Pillar 3 Disclosures

1. Frequency and Timeliness of Disclosures
    Under the proposed rule, a banking organization is required to 
provide certain qualitative and quantitative disclosures on a 
quarterly, or in some cases, annual basis, and these disclosures must 
be ``timely.'' In the preamble to the advanced approaches rule issued 
in 2007, the agencies indicated that quarterly disclosures would be 
timely if they were provided within 45 days after calendar quarter-end. 
The preamble did not specify

[[Page 52995]]

expectations regarding annual disclosures. The agencies acknowledged 
that timing of disclosures required under the federal banking laws may 
not always coincide with the timing of disclosures under other federal 
laws, including federal securities laws and their implementing 
regulations by the SEC. The agencies also indicated that a banking 
organization may use disclosures made pursuant to SEC, regulatory 
reporting, and other disclosure requirements to help meet its public 
disclosure requirements under the advanced approaches rule.
    The agencies understand that the deadline for certain SEC financial 
reports is more than 45 calendar days after calendar quarter-end. 
Therefore, the agencies are proposing to clarify in this NPR that, 
where a banking organization's fiscal year-end coincides with the end 
of a calendar quarter, the requirement for timely disclosure would be 
no later than the applicable reporting deadlines for regulatory reports 
(for example, FR Y-9C) and financial reports (for example, SEC Forms 
10-Q and 10-K). When these deadlines differ, banking organizations 
would adhere to the later deadline. In cases where a banking 
organization's fiscal year-end does not coincide with the end of a 
calendar quarter, the agencies would consider those disclosures that 
are made within 45 days as timely.
2. Enhanced Securitization Disclosure Requirements
    In view of the significant contribution of securitization exposures 
to the financial crisis, the agencies believe that enhanced disclosure 
requirements are appropriate. Consistent with the disclosures 
introduced by the 2009 Enhancements, the agencies are proposing to 
amend the qualitative section for Table 11.8 disclosures 
(Securitization) to include the following:
    [ssquf] The nature of the risks inherent in a banking 
organization's securitized assets,
    [ssquf] A description of the policies that monitor changes in the 
credit and market risk of a banking organization's securitization 
exposures,
    [ssquf] A description of a banking organization's policy regarding 
the use of credit risk mitigation for securitization exposures,
    [ssquf] A list of the special purpose entities a banking 
organization uses to securitize exposures and the affiliated entities 
that a bank manages or advises and that invest in securitization 
exposures or the referenced SPEs, and
    [ssquf] A summary of the banking organization's accounting policies 
for securitization activities.
    To the extent possible, the agencies are proposing the disclosure 
requirements included in the 2009 Enhancements. However, due to the 
prohibition on the use of credit ratings in the risk-based capital 
rules required by the Dodd-Frank Act, the proposed tables do not 
include those disclosure requirements related to the use of ratings.
3. Equity Holding That Are Not Covered Positions
    Section 71 of the current advanced approaches rule requires banking 
organizations to include in their public disclosures a discussion of 
``important policies covering the valuation of and accounting for 
equity holdings in the banking book.'' Since ``banking book'' is not a 
defined term under the advanced approaches rule, the agencies propose 
to refer to such exposures as equity holdings that are not covered 
positions.

III. Market Risk Capital Rule

    In today's Federal Register, the federal banking agencies are 
finalizing revisions to the agencies' market risk capital rule (the 
market risk capital rule), which generally requires national banks, 
state banks, and bank holding companies with significant exposure to 
market risk to implement systems and procedures necessary to manage and 
measure that risk and to hold a commensurate amount of capital. As 
noted in the introduction of this preamble, in this NPR, the agencies 
are proposing to expand the scope of the market risk capital rule to 
include savings associations and savings and loan holding companies and 
codify the market risk rule in a manner similar to the other regulatory 
capital rules in the three proposals. In the process of incorporating 
the market risk rule into the regulatory capital framework, the 
agencies note that there will be some overlap among certain defined 
terms. In any final rule, the agencies intend to merge definitions and 
make any appropriate technical changes.
    As a general matter, a banking organization subject to the market 
risk capital rule will not include assets held for trading purposes 
when calculating its risk-weighted assets for the purpose of the other 
risk-based capital rules. Instead, the banking organization must 
determine an appropriate capital requirement for such assets using the 
methodologies set forth in the final market risk capital rule. The 
banking organization then must multiply its market risk capital 
requirement by 12.5 to determine a risk-weighted asset amount for its 
market risk exposures and then add that amount to its credit risk-
weighted assets to arrive at its total risk-weighted asset amount.
    As described in the preamble to the market risk capital rule, the 
agencies revised their respective market risk rules to better capture 
positions subject to market risk, reduce pro-cyclicality in market risk 
capital requirements, enhance the rule's sensitivity to risks that were 
not adequately captured under the prior regulatory measurement 
methodologies, and increase transparency through enhanced disclosures.
    The market risk capital rules is designed to determine capital 
requirements for trading assets based on general and specific market 
risk associated with these assets. General market risk is the risk of 
loss in the market value of positions resulting from broad market 
movements, such as changes in the general level of interest rates, 
equity prices, foreign exchange rates, or commodity prices. Specific 
market risk is the risk of loss from changes in the market value of a 
position due to factors other than broad market movements, including 
event risk (changes in market price due to unexpected events specific 
to a particular obligor or position) and default risk.
    The agencies' current market risk capital rules do not apply to 
savings associations or savings and loan holding companies. The Board 
has previously expressed its intention to assess the condition, 
performance, and activities of savings and loan holding companies 
(SLHCs) on a consolidated risk-based basis in a manner that is 
consistent with the Board's established approach regarding bank holding 
company supervision while considering any unique characteristics of 
SLHCs and the requirements of the Home Owners' Loan Act.\17\ Therefore, 
as noted above, the agencies are proposing in this NPR to expand the 
scope of the market risk rule to savings associations and savings and 
loan holding companies that meet the stated thresholds. As proposed, 
the market risk capital rule would apply to any savings association or 
savings and loan holding company whose trading activity (the gross sum 
of its trading assets and trading liabilities) is equal to 10 percent 
or more of its total assets or $1 billion or more. Under the proposed 
rule, each agency would retain the authority to apply its respective 
market risk rule to any entity under its jurisdiction, regardless of 
whether it

[[Page 52996]]

meets the aforementioned thresholds, if the agency deems it necessary 
or appropriate for safe and sound banking practices.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ See 76 FR 22663 (April, 22, 2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As a general matter, savings associations and savings and loan 
holding companies do not engage in trading activity to a substantial 
degree. However, the agencies believe that any savings association or 
savings and loan holding company whose trading activity grows to the 
extent that it meets the thresholds should hold capital commensurate 
with the risk of the trading activity and should have in place the 
prudential risk management systems and processes required under the 
market risk capital rule. Therefore, the agencies believe it would be 
necessary and appropriate to expand the scope of the market risk rule 
to apply to savings associations and savings and loan holding 
companies.
    Application of the market risk capital rule to all banking 
organizations with material exposure to market risk would be 
particularly important because of banking organizations' increased 
exposure to traded credit products, such as credit default swaps, 
asset-backed securities and other structured products, as well as other 
less liquid products. In fact, many of the revisions to the final 
market risk capital rule were made in response to concerns that arose 
during the financial crisis when certain trading assets suffered 
substantial losses, causing banking organizations holding those assets 
to suffer substantial losses. For example, in addition to a market risk 
capital requirement to account for general market risk, the revised 
rules apply more conservative standardized specific risk capital 
requirements to most securitization positions, implement an additional 
incremental risk capital requirement for a banking organization that 
models specific risk for one or more portfolios of debt or, if 
applicable, equity positions. Additionally, to address concerns about 
the appropriate treatment of traded positions that have limited price 
transparency, a banking organization subject to the market risk capital 
rule must have a well-defined valuation process for all covered 
positions.
    Question 18: The agencies request comment on the application of the 
market risk rule to savings associations and savings and loan holding 
companies.

IV. List of Acronyms

ABCP Asset-Backed Commercial Paper
ABS Asset-Backed Security
AVC Asset Value Correlation
BCBS Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
CCP Central Counterparty
CDO Collateralized Debt Obligation
CDS Credit Default Swap
CDSind Index Credit Default Swap
CEIO Credit-Enhancing Interest-Only Strip
CPSS Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems
CVA Credit Valuation Adjustment
DFA Dodd-Frank Act
DvP Delivery-versus-Payment
E Measure of Effectiveness
EAD Exposure-at-Default
EE Expected Exposure
Expected Operational Loss (EOL)
EPE Expected Positive Exposure
FDIC Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
FFIEC Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
FR Federal Register
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
HVCRE High-Volatility Commercial Real Estate
IAA Internal Assessment Approach
IMA Internal Models Approach
IMM Internal Models Methodology
I/O Interest-Only
IOSCO International Organization of Securities Commissions
IRB Internal Ratings-Based
Loss Given Default (LGD)
M Effective Maturity
NGR Net-to-Gross Ratio
NPR Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NRSRO Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization
OCC Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
OTC Over-the-Counter
PD Probability of Default
PFE Potential Future Exposure
PvP Payment-versus-Payment
QCCP Qualifying Central Counterparty
QRE Qualified Retail Exposure
RBA Ratings-Based Approach
RVC Ratio of Value Change
SFA Supervisory Formula Approach
SSFA Simplified Supervisory Formula Approach
U.S.C. United States Code
VaR Value-at-Risk

V. Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq. (RFA) requires 
an agency to provide an initial regulatory flexibility analysis with a 
proposed rule or to certify that the rule will not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities (defined for 
purposes of the RFA to include banks with assets less than or equal to 
$175 million) and publish its certification and a short, explanatory 
statement in the Federal Register along with the proposed rule.
    The Board is providing an initial regulatory flexibility analysis 
with respect to this NPR. The OCC and FDIC are certifying that the 
proposals in this NPR will not have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.
Board
    Under regulations issued by the Small Business Administration,\18\ 
a small entity includes a depository institution or bank holding 
company with total assets of $175 million or less (a small banking 
organization). As of March 31, 2012 there were 373 small state member 
banks. As of December 31, 2011, there were approximately 128 small 
savings and loan holding companies and 2,385 small bank holding 
companies.\19\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \18\ See 13 CFR 121.201.
    \19\ The December 31, 2011, data are the most recent available 
data on small savings and loan holding companies and small bank 
holding companies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As discussed previously in the Supplementary Information, the Board 
is proposing to revise its capital requirements to promote safe and 
sound banking practices, implement Basel III, and other aspects of the 
Basel capital framework, and codify its capital requirements.
    The proposals also satisfy certain requirements under the Dodd-
Frank Act by imposing new or revised minimum capital requirements on 
certain depository institution holding companies.\20\ Additionally, 
under section 38(c)(1) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, the 
agencies may prescribe capital standards for depository institutions 
that they regulate.\21\ In addition, among other authorities, the Board 
may establish capital requirements for state member banks under the 
Federal Reserve Act,\22\ for state member banks and bank holding 
companies under the International Lending Supervision Act and Bank 
Holding Company Act,\23\ and for savings and loan holding companies 
under the Home Owners' Loan Act.\24\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \20\ See 12 U.S.C. 5371.
    \21\ See 12 U.S.C. 1831o(c)(1).
    \22\ See 12 CFR 208.43.
    \23\ See 12 U.S.C. 3907; 12 U.S.C. 1844.
    \24\ See 12 U.S.C. 1467a(g)(1).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed requirements in this NPR generally would not apply to 
small bank holding companies that are not engaged in significant 
nonbanking activities, do not conduct significant off-balance sheet 
activities, and do not have a material amount of debt or equity 
securities outstanding that are registered with the SEC. These small 
bank holding companies remain subject to the Board's Small Bank Holding 
Company Policy Statement (Policy Statement).\25\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \25\ See 12 CFR part 225, appendix C; see also 12 U.S.C. 
5371(b)(5)(C). Section 171 of the Dodd-Frank provides an exemption 
from its requirements for bank holding companies subject to the 
Policy Statement (as in effect on May 19, 2010). Section 171 does 
not provide a similar exemption for small savings and loan holding 
companies and they are therefore subject to the proposed rules.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 52997]]

    The proposals in this NPR would generally not apply to other small 
banking organizations. Those small banking organizations that would be 
subject to the proposed modifications to the advanced approaches rules 
would only be subject to those requirements because they are a 
subsidiary of a large banking organization that meets the criteria for 
advanced approaches. The Board expects that all such entities would 
rely on the systems developed by their parent banking organizations and 
would have no additional compliance costs. The Board also expects that 
the parent banking organization would remedy any capital shortfalls at 
such a subsidiary that would occur due to the proposals in this NPR.
    The Board welcomes comment on all aspects of its analysis. A final 
regulatory flexibility analysis will be conducted after consideration 
of comments received during the public comment period.
OCC
    Pursuant to section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 
(RFA), the regulatory flexibility analysis otherwise required under 
section 604 of the RFA is not required if an agency certifies that the 
rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities (defined for purposes of the RFA to include 
banks with assets less than or equal to $175 million) and publishes its 
certification and a short, explanatory statement in the Federal 
Register along with its rule.
    As of March 31, 2012, there were approximately 599 small national 
banks and 284 small federally chartered savings associations. The 
proposed changes to OCC's minimum risk-based capital requirements 
included in this NPR would impact only those small national banks and 
federal savings associations that are subsidiaries of large 
internationally active banking organizations that use the advanced 
approaches risk-based capital rules, and those small federal savings 
associations that meet the threshold criteria for application of the 
market risk rule. Only six small institutions would be subject to the 
advanced approaches risk-based capital rules, and no small federal 
savings associations satisfy the threshold criteria for application of 
the market risk rule. Therefore, the OCC does not believe that the 
proposed rule will result in a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.

FDIC Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis

    Pursuant to section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 
(RFA), the regulatory flexibility analysis otherwise required under 
section 604 of the RFA is not required if an agency certifies that the 
rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities (defined for purposes of the RFA to include 
banks with assets less than or equal to $175 million) and publishes its 
certification and a short, explanatory statement in the Federal 
Register along with its rule.
    As of March 31, 2012, there were approximately 2,433 small state 
nonmember banks, 115 small state savings banks, and 45 small state 
savings associations (collectively, small banks and savings 
associations). The proposed changes to FDIC's minimum risk-based 
capital requirements included in this NPR would impact only those small 
banks and savings associations that are subsidiaries of large, 
internationally-active banking organizations that use the advanced 
approaches risk-based capital rules, and those small state savings 
associations that meet the threshold criteria for application of the 
market risk rule. There are no small banks and savings associations 
subject to the advanced approaches risk-based capital rules, and no 
small state savings associations satisfy the threshold criteria for 
application of the market risk rule. Therefore, the FDIC does not 
believe that the proposed rule will result in a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities.

VI. Paperwork Reduction Act

Request for Comment on Proposed Information Collection

    In accordance with the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act 
(PRA) of 1995, the Agencies may not conduct or sponsor, and the 
respondent is not required to respond to, an information collection 
unless it displays a currently valid Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB) control number. The Agencies are requesting comment on a proposed 
information collection.
    The information collection requirements contained Subpart E of this 
joint notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) have been submitted by the 
OCC and FDIC to OMB for review under the PRA, under OMB Control Nos. 
1557-0234 and 3064-0153. The information collection requirements 
contained in Subpart F of this NPR have been submitted by the OCC and 
FDIC to OMB for review under the PRA. In accordance with the PRA (44 
U.S.C. 3506; 5 CFR part 1320, Appendix A.1), the Board has reviewed the 
NPR under the authority delegated by OMB. The Board's OMB Control 
Number for the information collection requirements contained Subpart E 
of this NPR is 7100-0313 and for the information collection 
requirements contained Subpart F of this NPR is 7100-0314. The 
requirements in Subpart E are found in proposed sections ----.121, --
--.122, ----.123, ----.124, ----.132, ----.141, ----.142, ----.152, --
--.173. The requirements in Subpart F are found in proposed sections --
--.203, ----.204, ----.205, ----.206, ----.207, ----.208, ----.209, --
--.210, and ----.212.
    The Agencies have published two other NPRs in this issue of the 
Federal Register. Please see the NPRs entitled ``Regulatory Capital 
Rules: Regulatory Capital, Minimum Regulatory Capital Ratios, Capital 
Adequacy, Transition Provisions'' and ``Regulatory Capital Rules: 
Standardized Approach for Risk-Weighted Assets; Market Discipline and 
Disclosure Requirements.'' While the three NPRs together comprise an 
integrated capital framework, the PRA burden has been divided among the 
three NPRs and a PRA statement has been provided in each.
    Comments are invited on:
    (a) Whether the collection of information is necessary for the 
proper performance of the Agencies' functions, including whether the 
information has practical utility;
    (b) The accuracy of the estimates of the burden of the information 
collection, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions 
used;
    (c) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the 
information to be collected;
    (d) Ways to minimize the burden of the information collection on 
respondents, including through the use of automated collection 
techniques or other forms of information technology; and
    (e) Estimates of capital or start up costs and costs of operation, 
maintenance, and purchase of services to provide information.
    All comments will become a matter of public record.
    Comments should be addressed to:
    OCC: Communications Division, Office of the Comptroller of the 
Currency, Public Information Room, Mail stop 1-5, Attention: 1557-0234, 
250 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20219. In addition, comments may be 
sent by fax to 202-874-4448, or by electronic mail to 
regs.comments@occ.treas.gov. You can inspect and photocopy the comments 
at the OCC's Public Information Room, 250 E Street SW., Washington, DC 
20219. You can make an appointment to inspect the comments by calling 
202-874-5043.

[[Page 52998]]

    Board: You may submit comments, identified by R-1443, by any of the 
following methods:
     Agency Web Site: http://www.federalreserve.gov. Follow the 
instructions for submitting comments on the http://www.federalreserve.gov/generalinfo/foia/ProposedRegs.cfm.
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Email: regs.comments@federalreserve.gov. Include docket 
number in the subject line of the message.
     Fax: 202-452-3819 or 202-452-3102.
     Mail: Jennifer J. Johnson, Secretary, Board of Governors 
of the Federal Reserve System, 20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW, 
Washington, DC 20551.
    All public comments are available from the Board's Web site at 
http://www.federalreserve.gov/generalinfo/foia/ProposedRegs.cfm as 
submitted, unless modified for technical reasons. Accordingly, your 
comments will not be edited to remove any identifying or contact 
information. Public comments may also be viewed electronically or in 
paper in Room MP-500 of the Board's Martin Building (20th and C Streets 
NW.) between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. on weekdays.
    FDIC: You may submit written comments, which should refer to RIN 
3064-AD97 Advanced Approaches Risk-based Capital Rule (3064-0153); 
Market Risk Capital Rule (NEW), by any of the following methods:
     Agency Web Site: http://www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/
federal/propose.html. Follow the instructions for submitting comments 
on the FDIC Web site.
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Email: Comments@FDIC.gov.
     Mail: Robert E. Feldman, Executive Secretary, Attention: 
Comments, FDIC, 550 17th Street NW., Washington, DC 20429.
     Hand Delivery/Courier: Guard station at the rear of the 
550 17th Street Building (located on F Street) on business days between 
7 a.m. and 5 p.m.
    Public Inspection: All comments received will be posted without 
change to http://www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/federal/propose/html 
including any personal information provided. Comments may be inspected 
at the FDIC Public Information Center, Room 100, 801 17th Street NW., 
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. on business days.
Proposed Information Collection
    Title of Information Collection: Regulatory Capital Rules (Part 3): 
Advanced Approaches Risk-based Capital Rules (Basel III, Part 3).
    Frequency of Response: Quarterly and annually.
    Affected Public:
    OCC: National banks and federally chartered savings associations.
    Board: State member banks (SMBs), bank holding companies (BHCs), 
and savings and loan holding companies (SLHCs).
    FDIC: Insured state nonmember banks, certain subsidiaries of these 
entities, and state chartered savings associations.
    Estimated Burden: The burden estimates below exclude any regulatory 
reporting burden associated with changes to the Consolidated Reports of 
Income and Condition for banks (FFIEC 031 and FFIEC 041; OMB Nos. 7100- 
0036, 3064-0052, 1557-0081), Advanced Capital Adequacy Framework 
Regulatory Reporting Requirements (FFIEC 101; OMB Nos. 7100-0319, 3064-
0159, 1557-0239), the Financial Statements for Bank Holding Companies 
(FR Y-9; OMB No. 7100-0128), and the Capital Assessments and Stress 
Testing information collection (FR Y-14A/Q/M; OMB No. 7100-0341). The 
agencies are still considering whether to revise these information 
collections or to implement a new information collection for the 
regulatory reporting requirements. In either case, a separate notice 
would be published for comment on the regulatory reporting 
requirements.
OCC
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 45.
    Estimated Burden per Respondent: One-time recordkeeping, 460 hours; 
ongoing recordkeeping, 176 hours; one-time disclosures, 280 hours; 
ongoing disclosures, 140 hours.
    Total Estimated Annual Burden: 47,520 hours.
Board
    Estimated Number of Respondents: SMBs, 4; BHCs, 20; SLHCs, 13.
    Estimated Burden per Respondent: One-time recordkeeping, 460 hours; 
ongoing recordkeeping, 176 hours; one-time disclosures, 280 hours; 
ongoing disclosures, 140 hours.
    Total Estimated Annual Burden: 39,072 hours.
FDIC
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 8.
    Estimated Burden per Respondent: One-time recordkeeping, 460 hours; 
ongoing recordkeeping, 176 hours; one-time disclosures, 280 hours; 
ongoing disclosures, 140 hours.
    Total Estimated Annual Burden: 8,448 hours.
    Abstract
    The PRA burden associated with reporting, recordkeeping, and 
disclosure requirements of Subpart E that are found in proposed 
sections ----.121, ----.122, ----.123, ----.124, ----.132(b)(2)(iii), 
----.132(b)(3), ----.132 (d)(1), ----.132(d)(1)(iii), ----.141(b)(3), 
----.142(h)(2), ----.152(c)(2), ----.173 (tables: 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, 
11.6, 11.7, 11.8, 11.10, and 11.11) are currently accounted for under 
the Agencies' existing information collections (ICs).
    The PRA burden associated with recordkeeping and disclosure 
requirements found in proposed sections ----.132(b)(2)(iii)(A), --
--.132(d)(2)(iv), ----.132(d)(3)(vi), ----.132(d)(3)(viii), --
--.132(d)(3)(ix), ----.132(d)(3)(x), ----.132(d)(3)(xi), --
--.141(c)(2)(i), ----.141(c)(2)(ii), ----.173 (tables: 11.4, 11.5, 
11.9, and 11.12) would revise the Agencies' existing ICs and are 
described below.

Section-by-Section Analysis

Recordkeeping Requirements
    Under proposed section ----.132(b)(2)(iii)(A), counterparty credit 
risk of repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC 
derivative contracts, Own internal estimates for haircuts. With the 
prior written approval of the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may calculate haircuts 
(Hs and Hfx) using its own internal estimates of the volatilities of 
market prices and foreign exchange rates. To receive [AGENCY] approval 
to use its own internal estimates, a [BANK] must satisfy the minimum 
quantitative standards outlined in this section. The agencies estimate 
that respondents would take on average 80 hours (two business weeks) to 
reprogram and update systems with the requirements outlined in this 
section. In addition, the agencies estimate that, on a continuing 
basis, respondents would take on average 16 hours annually to maintain 
their internal systems.
    Under proposed section ----.132(d)(2)(iv), counterparty credit risk 
of repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative 
contracts, Risk-weighted assets using IMM--Under the IMM, a [BANK] uses 
an internal model to estimate the expected exposure (EE) for a netting 
set and then calculates EAD based on that EE. A [BANK] must calculate 
two EEs and two EADs (one stressed and one unstressed) for each netting 
as outlined

[[Page 52999]]

in this section. The agencies estimate that respondents would take on 
average 80 hours (two business weeks) to update their current model 
with the requirements outlined in this section. In addition, the 
agencies estimate that, on a continuing basis, respondents would take 
on average 40 hours annually to maintain their internal model.
    Under proposed section ----.132(d)(3)(vi), counterparty credit risk 
of repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative 
contracts. To obtain [AGENCY] approval to calculate the distributions 
of exposures upon which the EAD calculation is based, the [BANK] must 
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the [AGENCY] that it has been using 
for at least one year an internal model that broadly meets the minimum 
standards, with which the [BANK] must maintain compliance. The [BANK] 
must have procedures to identify, monitor, and control wrong-way risk 
throughout the life of an exposure. The procedures must include stress 
testing and scenario analysis. The agencies estimate that respondents 
would take on average 80 hours (two business weeks) to implement a 
model with the requirements outlined in this section.
    Under proposed section ----.132(d)(3)(viii), counterparty credit 
risk of repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC 
derivative contracts. When estimating model parameters based on a 
stress period, the [BANK] must use at least three years of historical 
data that include a period of stress to the credit default spreads of 
the [BANK]'s counterparties. The [BANK] must review the data set and 
update the data as necessary, particularly for any material changes in 
its counterparties. The [BANK] must demonstrate at least quarterly that 
the stress period coincides with increased CDS or other credit spreads 
of the [BANK]'s counterparties. The [BANK] must have procedures to 
evaluate the effectiveness of its stress calibration that include a 
process for using benchmark portfolios that are vulnerable to the same 
risk factors as the [BANK]'s portfolio. The [AGENCY] may require the 
[BANK] to modify its stress calibration to better reflect actual 
historic losses of the portfolio. The agencies estimate that 
respondents would take on average 80 hours (two business weeks) to 
implement procedures with the requirements outlined in this section.
    Under proposed section ----.132(d)(3)(ix), counterparty credit risk 
of repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative 
contracts. A [BANK] must subject its internal model to an initial 
validation and annual model review process. The model review should 
consider whether the inputs and risk factors, as well as the model 
outputs, are appropriate. As part of the model review process, the 
[BANK] must have a backtesting program for its model that includes a 
process by which unacceptable model performance will be determined and 
remedied. The agencies estimate that respondents would take on average 
40 hours (one business week) to implement a model with the requirements 
outlined in this section. In addition, the agencies estimate that, on a 
continuing basis, respondents would take on average 40 hours annually 
to maintain their internal model.
    Under proposed section ----.132(d)(3)(x), counterparty credit risk 
of repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative 
contracts. A [BANK] must have policies for the measurement, management 
and control of collateral and margin amounts. The agencies estimate 
that respondents would take on average 20 hours to implement policies 
with the requirements outlined in this section.
    Under proposed section ----.132(d)(3)(xi), counterparty credit risk 
of repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative 
contracts. A [BANK] must have a comprehensive stress testing program 
that captures all credit exposures to counterparties, and incorporates 
stress testing of principal market risk factors and creditworthiness of 
counterparties. The agencies estimate that respondents would take on 
average 40 hours (one business week) to implement a program with the 
requirements outlined in this section. In addition, the agencies 
estimate that, on a continuing basis, respondents would take on average 
40 hours annually to maintain their program.
    Under proposed sections ----.141(c)(2)(i) and (ii), operational 
criteria for recognizing the transfer of risk. A [BANK] must 
demonstrate its comprehensive understanding of a securitization 
exposure under section 141(c)(1), for each securitization exposure by 
conducting an analysis of the risk characteristics of a securitization 
exposure prior to acquiring the exposure and document such analysis 
within three business days after acquiring the exposure. On an on-going 
basis (no less frequently than quarterly), evaluate, review, and update 
as appropriate the analysis required under this section for each 
securitization exposure. The agencies estimate that respondents would 
take on average 40 hours (one business week) to implement a program 
with the requirements outlined in this section. The agencies estimate 
that, on a continuing basis, respondents would take on average 10 hours 
quarterly to evaluate, review, and update the program requirements.
Disclosure Requirements
    Under proposed section ----.173, disclosures by banks that are 
advanced approaches banks that have successfully completed parallel 
run. A [BANK] that is an advanced approaches bank must make the 
disclosures described in Tables 11.1 through 11.12. The [BANK] must 
make these disclosures publicly available for each of the last three 
years (that is, twelve quarters) or such shorter period beginning on 
the effective date of this subpart E.
    Under proposed table 11.4--Capital Conservation and Countercyclical 
Buffers. The [BANK] must comply with the qualitative and quantitative 
public disclosures outlined in this table. The agencies estimate that 
respondents would take on average 80 hours (two business weeks) to 
comply with the disclosure requirements outlined in this table. The 
agencies estimate that, on a continuing basis, respondents would take 
on average 40 hours annually comply with the disclosure requirements 
outlined in this table.
    Under proposed table 11.5--Credit Risk: General Disclosures. The 
[BANK] must comply with the qualitative and quantitative public 
disclosures outlined in this table. The agencies estimate that 
respondents would take on average 80 hours (two business weeks) to 
comply with the disclosure requirements outlined in this table. The 
agencies estimate that, on a continuing basis, respondents would take 
on average 40 hours annually to comply with the disclosure requirements 
outlined in this table.
    Under proposed table 11.9--Securitization. The [BANK] must comply 
with the qualitative and quantitative public disclosures outlined in 
this table. The agencies estimate that respondents would take on 
average 60 hours to comply with the disclosure requirements outlined in 
this table. The agencies estimate that, on a continuing basis, 
respondents would take on average 30 hours annually comply with the 
disclosure requirements outlined in this table.
    Under proposed Table 11.12--Interest Rate Risk for Non-trading 
Activities. The [BANK] must comply with the qualitative and 
quantitative public disclosures outlined in this table. The agencies 
estimate that respondents would take on average 60 hours to comply with 
the disclosure

[[Page 53000]]

requirements outlined in this table. The agencies estimate that, on a 
continuing basis, respondents would take on average 30 hours annually 
comply with the disclosure requirements outlined in this table.

Proposed Information Collection

    Title of Information Collection: Regulatory Capital Rules (Part 3): 
Market Risk Capital Rule (Basel III, Part 3).
    Frequency of Response: Quarterly and annually.
    Affected Public:
    OCC: National banks and federally chartered savings associations.
    Board: Savings associations and saving and loan holding companies.
    FDIC: Insured state nonmember banks, state savings associations, 
and certain subsidiaries of these entities.
    Estimated Burden:
OCC
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 45.
    Estimated Burden per Respondent: 1,964 hours.
    Total Estimated Annual Burden: 99,180 hours.
Board
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 30.
    Estimated Burden per Respondent: 2,204 hours.
    Total Estimated Annual Burden: 66,120 hours.
FDIC
    Estimated Number of Respondents: 2.
    Estimated Burden per Respondent: 1,964 hours.
    Total Estimated Annual Burden: 3,928 hours.
    Abstract:
    The PRA burden associated with reporting, recordkeeping, and 
disclosure requirements of Subpart F that are found in proposed 
sections ----.203, ----.204, ----.205, ----.206, ----.207, ----.208, --
--.209, ----.210, and ----.212. They would enhance risk sensitivity and 
introduce requirements for public disclosure of certain qualitative and 
quantitative information about a savings association's or a savings and 
loan holding company's market risk. The collection of information is 
necessary to ensure capital adequacy according to the level of market 
risk.

Section-by-Section Analysis

    Section ----lowbarm;----lowbarm;.203 sets forth the requirements 
for applying the market risk framework. Section ----.203(a)(1) requires 
clearly defined policies and procedures for determining which trading 
assets and trading liabilities are trading positions, which of its 
trading positions are correlation trading positions, and specifies what 
must be taken into account. Section ----.203(a)(2) requires a clearly 
defined trading and hedging strategy for trading positions approved by 
senior management and specifies what each strategy must articulate. 
Section ----.203(b)(1) requires clearly defined policies and procedures 
for actively managing all covered positions and specifies the minimum 
that they must require. Sections ----.203(c)(4) through ----.203(c)(10) 
require the annual review of internal models and include certain 
requirements that the models must meet. Section ----.203(d)(4) requires 
an annual report to the board of directors on the effectiveness of 
controls supporting market risk measurement systems.
    Section ----.204(b) requires quarterly backtesting. Section --
--.205(a)(5) requires institutions to demonstrate to the agencies the 
appropriateness of proxies used to capture risks within value-at- risk 
models. Section ----.205(c) requires institutions to retain value-at-
risk and profit and loss information on sub-portfolios for two years. 
Section ----.206(b)(3) requires policies and procedures for stressed 
value-at-risk models and prior approvals on determining periods of 
significant financial stress.
    Section ----.207(b)(1) specifies what internal models for specific 
risk must include and address. Section 208(a) requires prior written 
approval for incremental risk. Section ----.209(a) requires prior 
approval for comprehensive risk models. Section ----.209(c)(2) requires 
retaining and making available the results of supervisory stress 
testing on a quarterly basis. Section ----.210(f) requires 
documentation quarterly for analysis of risk characteristics of each 
securitization position it holds. Section ----.212 requires quarterly 
quantitative disclosures, annual qualitative disclosures, and a formal 
disclosure policy approved by the board of directors that addresses the 
bank's approach for determining the market risk disclosures it makes.

VII. Plain Language

    Section 722 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act requires the Federal 
banking agencies to use plain language in all proposed and final rules 
published after January 1, 2000. The agencies have sought to present 
the proposed rule in a simple and straightforward manner, and invite 
comment on the use of plain language.

VIII. OCC Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 Determination

    Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) (2 
U.S.C. 1532 et seq.) requires that an agency prepare a written 
statement before promulgating a rule that includes a Federal mandate 
that may result in the expenditure by State, local, and Tribal 
governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100 million 
or more (adjusted annually for inflation) in any one year. If a written 
statement is required, the UMRA (2 U.S.C. 1535) also requires an agency 
to identify and consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives 
before promulgating a rule and from those alternatives, either select 
the least costly, most cost-effective or least burdensome alternative 
that achieves the objectives of the rule, or provide a statement with 
the rule explaining why such an option was not chosen.
    This NPR would incorporate revisions to the Basel Committee's 
capital framework into the banking agencies' advanced approaches risk-
based capital rules and remove references to credit ratings consistent 
with section 939A of the Dodd-Frank Act. This NPR would modify various 
elements of the advanced approached risk-based capital rules regarding 
the determination of risk-weighted assets. These changes would (1) 
Modify treatment of counterparty credit risk, (2) remove references to 
credit ratings, (3) modify the treatment of securitization exposures, 
and (4) modify the treatment of exposures subject to deduction from 
capital. The NPR also would enhance disclosure requirements, especially 
with regard to securitizations, and would amend the advanced approaches 
so that capital requirements using the internal models methodology take 
into consideration stress in calibration data, stress testing, initial 
validation, collateral management, and annual model review. The NPR 
rule also would require national banks and federal savings associations 
subject to the advanced approaches risk-based capital rules to 
identify, monitor, and control wrong-way risk.
    Finally, the NPR would expand the scope of the agencies' market 
risk capital rule to savings associations that meet certain thresholds.
    To estimate the impact of this NPR on national banks and federal 
savings associations, the OCC estimated the amount of capital banks 
will need to raise to meet the new requirements relative to the amount 
of capital they

[[Page 53001]]

currently hold, as well as the compliance costs associated with 
establishing the infrastructure to determine correct risk weights using 
the revised methods for calculating risk-weighted assets and the 
compliance costs associated with new disclosure requirements. The OCC 
has determined that its proposed rule will not result in expenditures 
by State, local, and Tribal governments, or by the private sector, of 
$100 million or more. Accordingly, the UMRA does not require that a 
written statement accompany this NPR.

Text of the Proposed Common Rule [All Agencies]

    The text of the proposed common rule appears below:

PART ---- CAPITAL ADEQUACY OF [BANK]S

Subpart E--Risk-Weighted Assets--Internal Ratings-Based and Advanced 
Measurement Approaches
Sec.
----.100 Purpose, applicability, and principle of conservatism.
----.101 Definitions.

QUALIFICATION

----.121 Qualification process.
----.122 Qualification requirements.
----.123 Ongoing qualification.
----.124 Merger and acquisition transitional arrangements.

RISK-WEIGHTED ASSETS FOR GENERAL CREDIT RISK

----.131 Mechanics for calculating total wholesale and retail risk-
weighted assets.
----.132 Counterparty credit risk of repo-style transactions, 
eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative contracts.
----.133 Cleared transactions.
----.134 Guarantees and credit derivatives: PD substitution and LGD 
adjustment approaches.
----.135 Guarantees and credit derivatives: Double default 
treatment.
----.136 Unsettled transactions.

RISK-WEIGHTED ASSETS FOR SECURITIZATION EXPOSURES

----.141 Operational criteria for recognizing the transfer of risk.
----.142 Risk-based capital requirement for securitization 
exposures.
----.143 Supervisory formula approach (SFA).
----.144 Simplified supervisory formula approach (SSFA).
----.145 Recognition of credit risk mitigants for securitization 
exposures.

RISK-WEIGHTED ASSETS FOR EQUITY EXPOSURES

----.151 Introduction and exposure measurement.
----.152 Simple risk weight approach (SRWA).
----.153 Internal models approach (IMA).
----.154 Equity exposures to investment funds.
----.155 Equity derivative contracts.

RISK-WEIGHTED ASSETS FOR OPERATIONAL RISK

----.161 Qualification requirements for incorporation of operational 
risk mitigants.
----.162 Mechanics of risk-weighted asset calculation.

DISCLOSURES

----.171 Purpose and scope.
----.172 Disclosure requirements.
----.173 Disclosures by certain advanced approaches [BANKS].
Subpart F--Risk-weighted Assets--Market Risk
----.201 Purpose, applicability, and reservation of authority.
----.202 Definitions.
----.203 Requirements for application of this subpart F.
----.204 Measure for market risk.
----.205 VaR-based measure.
----.206 Stressed VaR-based measure.
----.207 Specific risk.
----.208 Incremental risk.
----.209 Comprehensive risk.
----.210 Standardized measurement method for specific risk.
----.211 Simplified supervisory formula approach (SSFA).
----.212 Market risk disclosures.

Subpart E--Risk Weighted Assets--Internal Ratings-Based and 
Advanced Measurement Approaches


Sec.  ----.100  Purpose, applicability, and principle of conservatism.

    (a) Purpose. This subpart E establishes:
    (1) Minimum qualifying criteria for [BANK]s using [BANK]-specific 
internal risk measurement and management processes for calculating 
risk-based capital requirements; and
    (2) Methodologies for such [BANK]s to calculate their total risk-
weighted assets.
    (b) Applicability. (1) This subpart applies to a [BANK] that:
    (i) Has consolidated total assets, as reported on the most recent 
year-end [Regulatory Reports] equal to $250 billion or more;
    (ii) Has consolidated total on-balance sheet foreign exposure at 
the most recent year-end equal to $10 billion or more (where total on-
balance sheet foreign exposure equals total cross-border claims less 
claims with a head office or guarantor located in another country plus 
redistributed guaranteed amounts to the country of head office or 
guarantor plus local country claims on local residents plus revaluation 
gains on foreign exchange and derivative products, calculated in 
accordance with the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council 
(FFIEC) 009 Country Exposure Report);
    (iii) Is a subsidiary of a depository institution that uses the 
advanced approaches pursuant to subpart E of 12 CFR part 3 (OCC), 12 
CFR part 217 (Board), or 12 CFR part 325 (FDIC) to calculate its total 
risk-weighted assets;
    (iv) Is a subsidiary of a bank holding company or savings and loan 
holding company that uses the advanced approaches pursuant to 12 CFR 
part 217 to calculate its total risk-weighted assets; or
    (v) Elects to use this subpart to calculate its total risk-weighted 
assets.
    (2) A bank that is subject to this subpart shall remain subject to 
this subpart unless the [AGENCY] determines in writing that application 
of this subpart is not appropriate in light of the [BANK]'s asset size, 
level of complexity, risk profile, or scope of operations. In making a 
determination under this paragraph, the [AGENCY] will apply notice and 
response procedures in the same manner and to the same extent as the 
notice and response procedures in 12 CFR 3.12 (OCC), 12 CFR 263.202 
(Board), and 12 CFR 325.6(c) (FDIC).
    (3) A market risk [BANK] must exclude from its calculation of risk-
weighted assets under this subpart the risk-weighted asset amounts of 
all covered positions, as defined in subpart F of this part (except 
foreign exchange positions that are not trading positions, over-the-
counter derivative positions, cleared transactions, and unsettled 
transactions).
    (c) Principle of Conservatism. Notwithstanding the requirements of 
this subpart, a [BANK] may choose not to apply a provision of this 
subpart to one or more exposures provided that:
    (1) The [BANK] can demonstrate on an ongoing basis to the 
satisfaction of the [AGENCY] that not applying the provision would, in 
all circumstances, unambiguously generate a risk-based capital 
requirement for each such exposure greater than that which would 
otherwise be required under this subpart;
    (2) The [BANK] appropriately manages the risk of each such 
exposure;
    (3) The [BANK] notifies the [AGENCY] in writing prior to applying 
this principle to each such exposure; and
    (4) The exposures to which the [BANK] applies this principle are 
not, in the aggregate, material to the [BANK].


Sec.  ----.  101 Definitions.

    (a) Terms set forth in Sec.  ----.2 and used in this subpart have 
the definitions assigned thereto in Sec.  ----.2.

[[Page 53002]]

    (b) For the purposes of this subpart, the following terms are 
defined as follows:
    Advanced internal ratings-based (IRB) systems means an advanced 
approaches [BANK]'s internal risk rating and segmentation system; risk 
parameter quantification system; data management and maintenance 
system; and control, oversight, and validation system for credit risk 
of wholesale and retail exposures.
    Advanced systems means an advanced approaches [BANK]'s advanced IRB 
systems, operational risk management processes, operational risk data 
and assessment systems, operational risk quantification systems, and, 
to the extent used by the [BANK], the internal models methodology, 
advanced CVA approach, double default excessive correlation detection 
process, and internal models approach (IMA) for equity exposures.
    Backtesting means the comparison of a [BANK]'s internal estimates 
with actual outcomes during a sample period not used in model 
development. In this context, backtesting is one form of out-of-sample 
testing.
    Benchmarking means the comparison of a [BANK]'s internal estimates 
with relevant internal and external data or with estimates based on 
other estimation techniques.
    Bond option contract means a bond option, bond future, or any other 
instrument linked to a bond that gives rise to similar counterparty 
credit risk.
    Business environment and internal control factors means the 
indicators of a [BANK]'s operational risk profile that reflect a 
current and forward-looking assessment of the [BANK]'s underlying 
business risk factors and internal control environment.
    Credit default swap (CDS) means a financial contract executed under 
standard industry documentation that allows one party (the protection 
purchaser) to transfer the credit risk of one or more exposures 
(reference exposure(s)) to another party (the protection provider) for 
a certain period of time.
    Credit valuation adjustment (CVA) means the fair value adjustment 
to reflect counterparty credit risk in valuation of an OTC derivative 
contract.
    Default--For the purposes of calculating capital requirements under 
this subpart:
    (1) Retail. (i) A retail exposure of a [BANK] is in default if:
    (A) The exposure is 180 days past due, in the case of a residential 
mortgage exposure or revolving exposure;
    (B) The exposure is 120 days past due, in the case of retail 
exposures that are not residential mortgage exposures or revolving 
exposures; or
    (C) The [BANK] has taken a full or partial charge-off, write-down 
of principal, or material negative fair value adjustment of principal 
on the exposure for credit-related reasons.
    (ii) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(i) of this definition, for a 
retail exposure held by a non-U.S. subsidiary of the [BANK] that is 
subject to an internal ratings-based approach to capital adequacy 
consistent with the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision's 
``International Convergence of Capital Measurement and Capital 
Standards: A Revised Framework'' in a non-U.S. jurisdiction, the [BANK] 
may elect to use the definition of default that is used in that 
jurisdiction, provided that the [BANK] has obtained prior approval from 
the [AGENCY] to use the definition of default in that jurisdiction.
    (iii) A retail exposure in default remains in default until the 
[BANK] has reasonable assurance of repayment and performance for all 
contractual principal and interest payments on the exposure.
    (2) Wholesale. (i) A [BANK]'s wholesale obligor is in default if:
    (A) The [BANK] determines that the obligor is unlikely to pay its 
credit obligations to the [BANK] in full, without recourse by the 
[BANK] to actions such as realizing collateral (if held); or
    (B) The obligor is past due more than 90 days on any material 
credit obligation(s) to the [BANK].\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Overdrafts are past due once the obligor has breached an 
advised limit or been advised of a limit smaller than the current 
outstanding balance.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (ii) An obligor in default remains in default until the [BANK] has 
reasonable assurance of repayment and performance for all contractual 
principal and interest payments on all exposures of the [BANK] to the 
obligor (other than exposures that have been fully written-down or 
charged-off).
    Dependence means a measure of the association among operational 
losses across and within units of measure.
    Economic downturn conditions means, with respect to an exposure 
held by the [BANK], those conditions in which the aggregate default 
rates for that exposure's wholesale or retail exposure subcategory (or 
subdivision of such subcategory selected by the [BANK]) in the 
exposure's national jurisdiction (or subdivision of such jurisdiction 
selected by the [BANK]) are significantly higher than average.
    Effective maturity (M) of a wholesale exposure means:
    (1) For wholesale exposures other than repo-style transactions, 
eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative contracts described in 
paragraph (2) or (3) of this definition:
    (i) The weighted-average remaining maturity (measured in years, 
whole or fractional) of the expected contractual cash flows from the 
exposure, using the undiscounted amounts of the cash flows as weights; 
or
    (ii) The nominal remaining maturity (measured in years, whole or 
fractional) of the exposure.
    (2) For repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC 
derivative contracts subject to a qualifying master netting agreement 
for which the [BANK] does not apply the internal models approach in 
section 132(d), the weighted-average remaining maturity (measured in 
years, whole or fractional) of the individual transactions subject to 
the qualifying master netting agreement, with the weight of each 
individual transaction set equal to the notional amount of the 
transaction.
    (3) For repo-style transactions, eligible margin loans, and OTC 
derivative contracts for which the [BANK] applies the internal models 
approach in Sec.  ----.132(d), the value determined in Sec.  --
--.132(d)(4).
    Effective notional amount means, for an eligible guarantee or 
eligible credit derivative, the lesser of the contractual notional 
amount of the credit risk mitigant and the EAD of the hedged exposure, 
multiplied by the percentage coverage of the credit risk mitigant.
    Eligible double default guarantor, with respect to a guarantee or 
credit derivative obtained by a [BANK], means:
    (1) U.S.-based entities. A depository institution, a bank holding 
company, a savings and loan holding company, or a securities broker or 
dealer registered with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act, if at 
the time the guarantee is issued or anytime thereafter, has issued and 
outstanding an unsecured debt security without credit enhancement that 
is investment grade.
    (2) Non-U.S.-based entities. A foreign bank, or a non-U.S.-based 
securities firm if the [BANK] demonstrates that the guarantor is 
subject to consolidated supervision and regulation comparable to that 
imposed on U.S. depository institutions, or securities broker-dealers) 
if at the time the guarantee is issued or anytime thereafter, has 
issued and outstanding an unsecured debt security without credit 
enhancement that is investment grade.

[[Page 53003]]

    Eligible operational risk offsets means amounts, not to exceed 
expected operational loss, that:
    (1) Are generated by internal business practices to absorb highly 
predictable and reasonably stable operational losses, including 
reserves calculated consistent with GAAP; and
    (2) Are available to cover expected operational losses with a high 
degree of certainty over a one-year horizon.
    Eligible purchased wholesale exposure means a purchased wholesale 
exposure that:
    (1) The [BANK] or securitization SPE purchased from an unaffiliated 
seller and did not directly or indirectly originate;
    (2) Was generated on an arm's-length basis between the seller and 
the obligor (intercompany accounts receivable and receivables subject 
to contra-accounts between firms that buy and sell to each other do not 
satisfy this criterion);
    (3) Provides the [BANK] or securitization SPE with a claim on all 
proceeds from the exposure or a pro rata interest in the proceeds from 
the exposure;
    (4) Has an M of less than one year; and
    (5) When consolidated by obligor, does not represent a concentrated 
exposure relative to the portfolio of purchased wholesale exposures.
    Expected exposure (EE) means the expected value of the probability 
distribution of non-negative credit risk exposures to a counterparty at 
any specified future date before the maturity date of the longest term 
transaction in the netting set. Any negative market values in the 
probability distribution of market values to a counterparty at a 
specified future date are set to zero to convert the probability 
distribution of market values to the probability distribution of credit 
risk exposures.
    Expected operational loss (EOL) means the expected value of the 
distribution of potential aggregate operational losses, as generated by 
the [BANK]'s operational risk quantification system using a one-year 
horizon.
    Expected positive exposure (EPE) means the weighted average over 
time of expected (non-negative) exposures to a counterparty where the 
weights are the proportion of the time interval that an individual 
expected exposure represents. When calculating risk-based capital 
requirements, the average is taken over a one-year horizon.
    Exposure at default (EAD) means:
    (1) For the on-balance sheet component of a wholesale exposure or 
segment of retail exposures (other than an OTC derivative contract, a 
repo-style transaction or eligible margin loan for which the [BANK] 
determines EAD under Sec.  ----.132, a cleared transaction, or default 
fund contribution), EAD means the [BANK]'s carrying value (including 
net accrued but unpaid interest and fees) for the exposure or segment 
less any allocated transfer risk reserve for the exposure or segment.
    (2) For the off-balance sheet component of a wholesale exposure or 
segment of retail exposures (other than an OTC derivative contract, a 
repo-style transaction or eligible margin loan for which the [BANK] 
determines EAD under Sec.  ----.132, cleared transaction, or default 
fund contribution) in the form of a loan commitment, line of credit, 
trade-related letter of credit, or transaction-related contingency, EAD 
means the [BANK]'s best estimate of net additions to the outstanding 
amount owed the [BANK], including estimated future additional draws of 
principal and accrued but unpaid interest and fees, that are likely to 
occur over a one-year horizon assuming the wholesale exposure or the 
retail exposures in the segment were to go into default. This estimate 
of net additions must reflect what would be expected during economic 
downturn conditions. For the purposes of this definition:
    (i) Trade-related letters of credit are short-term, self-
liquidating instruments that are used to finance the movement of goods 
and are collateralized by the underlying goods.
    (ii) Transaction-related contingencies relate to a particular 
transaction and include, among other things, performance bonds and 
performance-based letters of credit.
    (3) For the off-balance sheet component of a wholesale exposure or 
segment of retail exposures (other than an OTC derivative contract, a 
repo-style transaction, or eligible margin loan for which the [BANK] 
determines EAD under Sec.  ----.132, cleared transaction, or default 
fund contribution) in the form of anything other than a loan 
commitment, line of credit, trade-related letter of credit, or 
transaction-related contingency, EAD means the notional amount of the 
exposure or segment.
    (4) EAD for OTC derivative contracts is calculated as described in 
Sec.  ----.132. A [BANK] also may determine EAD for repo-style 
transactions and eligible margin loans as described in Sec.  ----.132.
    Exposure category means any of the wholesale, retail, 
securitization, or equity exposure categories.
    External operational loss event data means, with respect to a 
[BANK], gross operational loss amounts, dates, recoveries, and relevant 
causal information for operational loss events occurring at 
organizations other than the [BANK].
    IMM exposure means a repo-style transaction, eligible margin loan, 
or OTC derivative for which a [BANK] calculates its EAD using the 
internal models methodology of Sec.  ----.132(d).
    Internal operational loss event data means, with respect to a 
[BANK], gross operational loss amounts, dates, recoveries, and relevant 
causal information for operational loss events occurring at the [BANK].
    Loss given default (LGD) means:
    (1) For a wholesale exposure, the greatest of:
    (i) Zero;
    (ii) The [BANK]'s empirically based best estimate of the long-run 
default-weighted average economic loss, per dollar of EAD, the [BANK] 
would expect to incur if the obligor (or a typical obligor in the loss 
severity grade assigned by the [BANK] to the exposure) were to default 
within a one-year horizon over a mix of economic conditions, including 
economic downturn conditions; or
    (iii) The [BANK]'s empirically based best estimate of the economic 
loss, per dollar of EAD, the [BANK] would expect to incur if the 
obligor (or a typical obligor in the loss severity grade assigned by 
the [BANK] to the exposure) were to default within a one-year horizon 
during economic downturn conditions.
    (2) For a segment of retail exposures, the greatest of:
    (i) Zero;
    (ii) The [BANK]'s empirically based best estimate of the long-run 
default-weighted average economic loss, per dollar of EAD, the [BANK] 
would expect to incur if the exposures in the segment were to default 
within a one-year horizon over a mix of economic conditions, including 
economic downturn conditions; or
    (iii) The [BANK]'s empirically based best estimate of the economic 
loss, per dollar of EAD, the [BANK] would expect to incur if the 
exposures in the segment were to default within a one-year horizon 
during economic downturn conditions.
    (3) The economic loss on an exposure in the event of default is all 
material credit-related losses on the exposure (including accrued but 
unpaid interest or fees, losses on the sale of collateral, direct 
workout costs, and an appropriate allocation of indirect workout 
costs). Where positive or negative cash flows on a wholesale exposure 
to a defaulted obligor or a defaulted retail exposure (including 
proceeds from the sale of collateral, workout costs, additional 
extensions of credit to facilitate

[[Page 53004]]

repayment of the exposure, and draw-downs of unused credit lines) occur 
after the date of default, the economic loss must reflect the net 
present value of cash flows as of the default date using a discount 
rate appropriate to the risk of the defaulted exposure.
    Obligor means the legal entity or natural person contractually 
obligated on a wholesale exposure, except that a [BANK] may treat the 
following exposures as having separate obligors:
    (1) Exposures to the same legal entity or natural person 
denominated in different currencies;
    (2)(i) An income-producing real estate exposure for which all or 
substantially all of the repayment of the exposure is reliant on the 
cash flows of the real estate serving as collateral for the exposure; 
the [BANK], in economic substance, does not have recourse to the 
borrower beyond the real estate collateral; and no cross-default or 
cross-acceleration clauses are in place other than clauses obtained 
solely out of an abundance of caution; and
    (ii) Other credit exposures to the same legal entity or natural 
person; and
    (3)(i) A wholesale exposure authorized under section 364 of the 
U.S. Bankruptcy Code (11 U.S.C. 364) to a legal entity or natural 
person who is a debtor-in-possession for purposes of Chapter 11 of the 
Bankruptcy Code; and
    (ii) Other credit exposures to the same legal entity or natural 
person.
    Operational loss means a loss (excluding insurance or tax effects) 
resulting from an operational loss event. Operational loss includes all 
expenses associated with an operational loss event except for 
opportunity costs, forgone revenue, and costs related to risk 
management and control enhancements implemented to prevent future 
operational losses.
    Operational loss event means an event that results in loss and is 
associated with any of the following seven operational loss event type 
categories:
    (1) Internal fraud, which means the operational loss event type 
category that comprises operational losses resulting from an act 
involving at least one internal party of a type intended to defraud, 
misappropriate property, or circumvent regulations, the law, or company 
policy excluding diversity- and discrimination-type events.
    (2) External fraud, which means the operational loss event type 
category that comprises operational losses resulting from an act by a 
third party of a type intended to defraud, misappropriate property, or 
circumvent the law. Retail credit card losses arising from non-
contractual, third-party-initiated fraud (for example, identity theft) 
are external fraud operational losses. All other third-party-initiated 
credit losses are to be treated as credit risk losses.
    (3) Employment practices and workplace safety, which means the 
operational loss event type category that comprises operational losses 
resulting from an act inconsistent with employment, health, or safety 
laws or agreements, payment of personal injury claims, or payment 
arising from diversity- and discrimination-type events.
    (4) Clients, products, and business practices, which means the 
operational loss event type category that comprises operational losses 
resulting from the nature or design of a product or from an 
unintentional or negligent failure to meet a professional obligation to 
specific clients (including fiduciary and suitability requirements).
    (5) Damage to physical assets, which means the operational loss 
event type category that comprises operational losses resulting from 
the loss of or damage to physical assets from natural disaster or other 
events.
    (6) Business disruption and system failures, which means the 
operational loss event type category that comprises operational losses 
resulting from disruption of business or system failures.
    (7) Execution, delivery, and process management, which means the 
operational loss event type category that comprises operational losses 
resulting from failed transaction processing or process management or 
losses arising from relations with trade counterparties and vendors.
    Operational risk means the risk of loss resulting from inadequate 
or failed internal processes, people, and systems or from external 
events (including legal risk but excluding strategic and reputational 
risk).
    Operational risk exposure means the 99.9th percentile of the 
distribution of potential aggregate operational losses, as generated by 
the [BANK]'s operational risk quantification system over a one-year 
horizon (and not incorporating eligible operational risk offsets or 
qualifying operational risk mitigants).
    Other retail exposure means an exposure (other than a 
securitization exposure, an equity exposure, a residential mortgage 
exposure, a pre-sold construction loan, a qualifying revolving 
exposure, or the residual value portion of a lease exposure) that is 
managed as part of a segment of exposures with homogeneous risk 
characteristics, not on an individual-exposure basis, and is either:
    (1) An exposure to an individual for non-business purposes; or
    (2) An exposure to an individual or company for business purposes 
if the [BANK]'s consolidated business credit exposure to the individual 
or company is $1 million or less.
    Probability of default (PD) means:
    (1) For a wholesale exposure to a non-defaulted obligor, the 
[BANK]'s empirically based best estimate of the long-run average one-
year default rate for the rating grade assigned by the [BANK] to the 
obligor, capturing the average default experience for obligors in the 
rating grade over a mix of economic conditions (including economic 
downturn conditions) sufficient to provide a reasonable estimate of the 
average one-year default rate over the economic cycle for the rating 
grade.
    (2) For a segment of non-defaulted retail exposures, the [BANK]'s 
empirically based best estimate of the long-run average one-year 
default rate for the exposures in the segment, capturing the average 
default experience for exposures in the segment over a mix of economic 
conditions (including economic downturn conditions) sufficient to 
provide a reasonable estimate of the average one-year default rate over 
the economic cycle for the segment.
    (3) For a wholesale exposure to a defaulted obligor or segment of 
defaulted retail exposures, 100 percent.
    Qualifying cross-product master netting agreement means a 
qualifying master netting agreement that provides for termination and 
close-out netting across multiple types of financial transactions or 
qualifying master netting agreements in the event of a counterparty's 
default, provided that:
    (1) The underlying financial transactions are OTC derivative 
contracts, eligible margin loans, or repo-style transactions; and
    (2) The [BANK] obtains a written legal opinion verifying the 
validity and enforceability of the agreement under applicable law of 
the relevant jurisdictions if the counterparty fails to perform upon an 
event of default, including upon receivership, insolvency, liquidation, 
or similar proceeding.
    Qualifying revolving exposure (QRE) means an exposure (other than a 
securitization exposure or equity exposure) to an individual that is 
managed as part of a segment of exposures with homogeneous risk 
characteristics, not on an individual-exposure basis, and:
    (1) Is revolving (that is, the amount outstanding fluctuates, 
determined largely by the borrower's decision to

[[Page 53005]]

borrow and repay, up to a pre-established maximum amount);
    (2) Is unsecured and unconditionally cancelable by the [BANK] to 
the fullest extent permitted by Federal law; and
    (3) Has a maximum contractual exposure amount (drawn plus undrawn) 
of up to $100,000, or the [BANK] consistently imposes in practice an 
upper limit of $100,000.
    Retail exposure means a residential mortgage exposure, a qualifying 
revolving exposure, or an other retail exposure.
    Retail exposure subcategory means the residential mortgage 
exposure, qualifying revolving exposure, or other retail exposure 
subcategory.
    Risk parameter means a variable used in determining risk-based 
capital requirements for wholesale and retail exposures, specifically 
probability of default (PD), loss given default (LGD), exposure at 
default (EAD), or effective maturity (M).
    Scenario analysis means a systematic process of obtaining expert 
opinions from business managers and risk management experts to derive 
reasoned assessments of the likelihood and loss impact of plausible 
high-severity operational losses. Scenario analysis may include the 
well-reasoned evaluation and use of external operational loss event 
data, adjusted as appropriate to ensure relevance to a [BANK]'s 
operational risk profile and control structure.
    Total wholesale and retail risk-weighted assets means:
    (1) The sum of:
    (i) Risk-weighted assets for wholesale exposures that are not IMM 
exposures, cleared transactions, or default fund contributions to non-
defaulted obligors and segments of non-defaulted retail exposures;
    (ii) Risk-weighted assets for wholesale exposures to defaulted 
obligors and segments of defaulted retail exposures;
    (iii) Risk-weighted assets for assets not defined by an exposure 
category;
    (iv) Risk-weighted assets for non-material portfolios of exposures;
    (v) Risk-weighted assets for IMM exposures (as determined in Sec.  
----.132(d));
    (vi) Risk-weighted assets for cleared transactions and risk-
weighted assets for default fund contributions (as determined in Sec.  
----.133); and
    (vii) Risk-weighted assets for unsettled transactions (as 
determined in Sec.  ----.136); minus
    (2) Any amounts deducted from capital pursuant to Sec.  ----.22.
    Unexpected operational loss (UOL) means the difference between the 
[BANK]'s operational risk exposure and the [BANK]'s expected 
operational loss.
    Unit of measure means the level (for example, organizational unit 
or operational loss event type) at which the [BANK]'s operational risk 
quantification system generates a separate distribution of potential 
operational losses.
    Wholesale exposure means a credit exposure to a company, natural 
person, sovereign, or governmental entity (other than a securitization 
exposure, retail exposure, or equity exposure).
    Wholesale exposure subcategory means the HVCRE or non-HVCRE 
wholesale exposure subcategory.

QUALIFICATION


Sec. ----.121   Qualification process.

    (a) Timing. (1) A [BANK] that is described in Sec.  --
--.100(b)(1)(i) through (iv) must adopt a written implementation plan 
no later than six months after the date the [BANK] meets a criterion in 
that section. The implementation plan must incorporate an explicit 
start date no later than 36 months after the date the [BANK] meets at 
least one criterion under Sec.  ----.100(b)(1)(i) through (iv). The 
[AGENCY] may extend the start date.
    (2) A [BANK] that elects to be subject to this appendix under Sec.  
----.100(b)(1)(v) must adopt a written implementation plan.
    (b) Implementation plan. (1) The [BANK]'s implementation plan must 
address in detail how the [BANK] complies, or plans to comply, with the 
qualification requirements in Sec.  ----.122. The [BANK] also must 
maintain a comprehensive and sound planning and governance process to 
oversee the implementation efforts described in the plan. At a minimum, 
the plan must:
    (i) Comprehensively address the qualification requirements in Sec.  
----.122 for the [BANK] and each consolidated subsidiary (U.S. and 
foreign-based) of the [BANK] with respect to all portfolios and 
exposures of the [BANK] and each of its consolidated subsidiaries;
    (ii) Justify and support any proposed temporary or permanent 
exclusion of business lines, portfolios, or exposures from the 
application of the advanced approaches in this subpart (which business 
lines, portfolios, and exposures must be, in the aggregate, immaterial 
to the [BANK]);
    (iii) Include the [BANK]'s self-assessment of:
    (A) The [BANK]'s current status in meeting the qualification 
requirements in Sec.  ----.122; and
    (B) The consistency of the [BANK]'s current practices with the 
[AGENCY]'s supervisory guidance on the qualification requirements;
    (iv) Based on the [BANK]'s self-assessment, identify and describe 
the areas in which the [BANK] proposes to undertake additional work to 
comply with the qualification requirements in Sec.  ----.122 or to 
improve the consistency of the [BANK]'s current practices with the 
[AGENCY]'s supervisory guidance on the qualification requirements (gap 
analysis);
    (v) Describe what specific actions the [BANK] will take to address 
the areas identified in the gap analysis required by paragraph 
(b)(1)(iv) of this section;
    (vi) Identify objective, measurable milestones, including delivery 
dates and a date when the [BANK]'s implementation of the methodologies 
described in this subpart will be fully operational;
    (vii) Describe resources that have been budgeted and are available 
to implement the plan; and
    (viii) Receive approval of the [BANK]'s board of directors.
    (2) The [BANK] must submit the implementation plan, together with a 
copy of the minutes of the board of directors' approval, to the 
[AGENCY] at least 60 days before the [BANK] proposes to begin its 
parallel run, unless the [AGENCY] waives prior notice.
    (c) Parallel run. Before determining its risk-weighted assets under 
this subpart and following adoption of the implementation plan, the 
[BANK] must conduct a satisfactory parallel run. A satisfactory 
parallel run is a period of no less than four consecutive calendar 
quarters during which the [BANK] complies with the qualification 
requirements in Sec.  ----.122 to the satisfaction of the [AGENCY]. 
During the parallel run, the [BANK] must report to the [AGENCY] on a 
calendar quarterly basis its risk-based capital ratios determined in 
accordance with Sec.  ----.10(b)(1) through (3) and Sec.  ----.(c)(1) 
through (3). During this period, the [BANK]'s minimum risk-based 
capital ratios are determined as set forth in subpart D of this part.
    (d) Approval to calculate risk-based capital requirements under 
this subpart. The [AGENCY] will notify the [BANK] of the date that the 
[BANK] must begin to use this subpart for purposes of Sec.  ----.10 if 
the [AGENCY] determines that:
    (1) The [BANK] fully complies with all the qualification 
requirements in Sec.  ----.122;
    (2) The [BANK] has conducted a satisfactory parallel run under 
paragraph (c) of this section; and
    (3) The [BANK] has an adequate process to ensure ongoing compliance 
with the qualification requirements in Sec.  ----.122.

[[Page 53006]]

Sec.  ----.122   Qualification requirements.

    (a) Process and systems requirements. (1) A [BANK] must have a 
rigorous process for assessing its overall capital adequacy in relation 
to its risk profile and a comprehensive strategy for maintaining an 
appropriate level of capital.
    (2) The systems and processes used by a [BANK] for risk-based 
capital purposes under this subpart must be consistent with the 
[BANK]'s internal risk management processes and management information 
reporting systems.
    (3) Each [BANK] must have an appropriate infrastructure with risk 
measurement and management processes that meet the qualification 
requirements of this section and are appropriate given the [BANK]'s 
size and level of complexity. Regardless of whether the systems and 
models that generate the risk parameters necessary for calculating a 
[BANK]'s risk-based capital requirements are located at any affiliate 
of the [BANK], the [BANK] itself must ensure that the risk parameters 
and reference data used to determine its risk-based capital 
requirements are representative of its own credit risk and operational 
risk exposures.
    (b) Risk rating and segmentation systems for wholesale and retail 
exposures. (1) A [BANK] must have an internal risk rating and 
segmentation system that accurately and reliably differentiates among 
degrees of credit risk for the [BANK]'s wholesale and retail exposures.
    (2) For wholesale exposures:
    (i) A [BANK] must have an internal risk rating system that 
accurately and reliably assigns each obligor to a single rating grade 
(reflecting the obligor's likelihood of default). A [BANK] may elect, 
however, not to assign to a rating grade an obligor to whom the [BANK] 
extends credit based solely on the financial strength of a guarantor, 
provided that all of the [BANK]'s exposures to the obligor are fully 
covered by eligible guarantees, the [BANK] applies the PD substitution 
approach in Sec.  ----.134(c)(1) to all exposures to that obligor, and 
the [BANK] immediately assigns the obligor to a rating grade if a 
guarantee can no longer be recognized under this subpart. The [BANK]'s 
wholesale obligor rating system must have at least seven discrete 
rating grades for non-defaulted obligors and at least one rating grade 
for defaulted obligors.
    (ii) Unless the [BANK] has chosen to directly assign LGD estimates 
to each wholesale exposure, the [BANK] must have an internal risk 
rating system that accurately and reliably assigns each wholesale 
exposure to a loss severity rating grade (reflecting the [BANK]'s 
estimate of the LGD of the exposure). A [BANK] employing loss severity 
rating grades must have a sufficiently granular loss severity grading 
system to avoid grouping together exposures with widely ranging LGDs.
    (3) For retail exposures, a [BANK] must have an internal system 
that groups retail exposures into the appropriate retail exposure 
subcategory, groups the retail exposures in each retail exposure 
subcategory into separate segments with homogeneous risk 
characteristics, and assigns accurate and reliable PD and LGD estimates 
for each segment on a consistent basis. The [BANK]'s system must 
identify and group in separate segments by subcategories exposures 
identified in Sec.  ----.131(c)(2)(ii) and (iii).
    (4) The [BANK]'s internal risk rating policy for wholesale 
exposures must describe the [BANK]'s rating philosophy (that is, must 
describe how wholesale obligor rating assignments are affected by the 
[BANK]'s choice of the range of economic, business, and industry 
conditions that are considered in the obligor rating process).
    (5) The [BANK]'s internal risk rating system for wholesale 
exposures must provide for the review and update (as appropriate) of 
each obligor rating and (if applicable) each loss severity rating 
whenever the [BANK] receives new material information, but no less 
frequently than annually. The [BANK]'s retail exposure segmentation 
system must provide for the review and update (as appropriate) of 
assignments of retail exposures to segments whenever the [BANK] 
receives new material information, but generally no less frequently 
than quarterly.
    (c) Quantification of risk parameters for wholesale and retail 
exposures. (1) The [BANK] must have a comprehensive risk parameter 
quantification process that produces accurate, timely, and reliable 
estimates of the risk parameters for the [BANK]'s wholesale and retail 
exposures.
    (2) Data used to estimate the risk parameters must be relevant to 
the [BANK]'s actual wholesale and retail exposures, and of sufficient 
quality to support the determination of risk-based capital requirements 
for the exposures.
    (3) The [BANK]'s risk parameter quantification process must produce 
appropriately conservative risk parameter estimates where the [BANK] 
has limited relevant data, and any adjustments that are part of the 
quantification process must not result in a pattern of bias toward 
lower risk parameter estimates.
    (4) The [BANK]'s risk parameter estimation process should not rely 
on the possibility of U.S. government financial assistance, except for 
the financial assistance that the U.S. government has a legally binding 
commitment to provide.
    (5) Where the [BANK]'s quantifications of LGD directly or 
indirectly incorporate estimates of the effectiveness of its credit 
risk management practices in reducing its exposure to troubled obligors 
prior to default, the [BANK] must support such estimates with empirical 
analysis showing that the estimates are consistent with its historical 
experience in dealing with such exposures during economic downturn 
conditions.
    (6) PD estimates for wholesale obligors and retail segments must be 
based on at least five years of default data. LGD estimates for 
wholesale exposures must be based on at least seven years of loss 
severity data, and LGD estimates for retail segments must be based on 
at least five years of loss severity data. EAD estimates for wholesale 
exposures must be based on at least seven years of exposure amount 
data, and EAD estimates for retail segments must be based on at least 
five years of exposure amount data.
    (7) Default, loss severity, and exposure amount data must include 
periods of economic downturn conditions, or the [BANK] must adjust its 
estimates of risk parameters to compensate for the lack of data from 
periods of economic downturn conditions.
    (8) The [BANK]'s PD, LGD, and EAD estimates must be based on the 
definition of default in Sec.  ----.101.
    (9) The [BANK] must review and update (as appropriate) its risk 
parameters and its risk parameter quantification process at least 
annually.
    (10) The [BANK] must, at least annually, conduct a comprehensive 
review and analysis of reference data to determine relevance of 
reference data to the [BANK]'s exposures, quality of reference data to 
support PD, LGD, and EAD estimates, and consistency of reference data 
to the definition of default in Sec.  ----.101.
    (d) Counterparty credit risk model. A [BANK] must obtain the prior 
written approval of the [AGENCY] under Sec.  ----.132 to use the 
internal models methodology for counterparty credit risk and the 
advanced CVA approach for the CVA capital requirement.
    (e) Double default treatment. A [BANK] must obtain the prior 
written approval of the [AGENCY] under

[[Page 53007]]

Sec.  ----.135 to use the double default treatment.
    (f) Equity exposures model. A [BANK] must obtain the prior written 
approval of the [AGENCY] under Sec.  ----.153 to use the internal 
models approach for equity exposures.
    (g) Operational risk. (1) Operational risk management processes. A 
[BANK] must:
    (i) Have an operational risk management function that:
    (A) Is independent of business line management; and
    (B) Is responsible for designing, implementing, and overseeing the 
[BANK]'s operational risk data and assessment systems, operational risk 
quantification systems, and related processes;
    (ii) Have and document a process (which must capture business 
environment and internal control factors affecting the [BANK]'s 
operational risk profile) to identify, measure, monitor, and control 
operational risk in [BANK] products, activities, processes, and 
systems; and
    (iii) Report operational risk exposures, operational loss events, 
and other relevant operational risk information to business unit 
management, senior management, and the board of directors (or a 
designated committee of the board).
    (2) Operational risk data and assessment systems. A [BANK] must 
have operational risk data and assessment systems that capture 
operational risks to which the [BANK] is exposed. The [BANK]'s 
operational risk data and assessment systems must:
    (i) Be structured in a manner consistent with the [BANK]'s current 
business activities, risk profile, technological processes, and risk 
management processes; and
    (ii) Include credible, transparent, systematic, and verifiable 
processes that incorporate the following elements on an ongoing basis:
    (A) Internal operational loss event data. The [BANK] must have a 
systematic process for capturing and using internal operational loss 
event data in its operational risk data and assessment systems.
    (1) The [BANK]'s operational risk data and assessment systems must 
include a historical observation period of at least five years for 
internal operational loss event data (or such shorter period approved 
by the [AGENCY] to address transitional situations, such as integrating 
a new business line).
    (2) The [BANK] must be able to map its internal operational loss 
event data into the seven operational loss event type categories.
    (3) The [BANK] may refrain from collecting internal operational 
loss event data for individual operational losses below established 
dollar threshold amounts if the [BANK] can demonstrate to the 
satisfaction of the [AGENCY] that the thresholds are reasonable, do not 
exclude important internal operational loss event data, and permit the 
[BANK] to capture substantially all the dollar value of the [BANK]'s 
operational losses.
    (B) External operational loss event data. The [BANK] must have a 
systematic process for determining its methodologies for incorporating 
external operational loss event data into its operational risk data and 
assessment systems.
    (C) Scenario analysis. The [BANK] must have a systematic process 
for determining its methodologies for incorporating scenario analysis 
into its operational risk data and assessment systems.
    (D) Business environment and internal control factors. The [BANK] 
must incorporate business environment and internal control factors into 
its operational risk data and assessment systems. The [BANK] must also 
periodically compare the results of its prior business environment and 
internal control factor assessments against its actual operational 
losses incurred in the intervening period.
    (3) Operational risk quantification systems. (i) The [BANK]'s 
operational risk quantification systems:
    (A) Must generate estimates of the [BANK]'s operational risk 
exposure using its operational risk data and assessment systems;
    (B) Must employ a unit of measure that is appropriate for the 
[BANK]'s range of business activities and the variety of operational 
loss events to which it is exposed, and that does not combine business 
activities or operational loss events with demonstrably different risk 
profiles within the same loss distribution;
    (C) Must include a credible, transparent, systematic, and 
verifiable approach for weighting each of the four elements, described 
in paragraph (g)(2)(ii) of this section, that a [BANK] is required to 
incorporate into its operational risk data and assessment systems;
    (D) May use internal estimates of dependence among operational 
losses across and within units of measure if the [BANK] can demonstrate 
to the satisfaction of the [AGENCY] that its process for estimating 
dependence is sound, robust to a variety of scenarios, and implemented 
with integrity, and allows for uncertainty surrounding the estimates. 
If the [BANK] has not made such a demonstration, it must sum 
operational risk exposure estimates across units of measure to 
calculate its total operational risk exposure; and
    (E) Must be reviewed and updated (as appropriate) whenever the 
[BANK] becomes aware of information that may have a material effect on 
the [BANK]'s estimate of operational risk exposure, but the review and 
update must occur no less frequently than annually.
    (ii) With the prior written approval of the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may 
generate an estimate of its operational risk exposure using an 
alternative approach to that specified in paragraph (g)(3)(i) of this 
section. A [BANK] proposing to use such an alternative operational risk 
quantification system must submit a proposal to the [AGENCY]. In 
determining whether to approve a [BANK]'s proposal to use an 
alternative operational risk quantification system, the [AGENCY] will 
consider the following principles:
    (A) Use of the alternative operational risk quantification system 
will be allowed only on an exception basis, considering the size, 
complexity, and risk profile of the [BANK];
    (B) The [BANK] must demonstrate that its estimate of its 
operational risk exposure generated under the alternative operational 
risk quantification system is appropriate and can be supported 
empirically; and
    (C) A [BANK] must not use an allocation of operational risk capital 
requirements that includes entities other than depository institutions 
or the benefits of diversification across entities.
    (h) Data management and maintenance. (1) A [BANK] must have data 
management and maintenance systems that adequately support all aspects 
of its advanced systems and the timely and accurate reporting of risk-
based capital requirements.
    (2) A [BANK] must retain data using an electronic format that 
allows timely retrieval of data for analysis, validation, reporting, 
and disclosure purposes.
    (3) A [BANK] must retain sufficient data elements related to key 
risk drivers to permit adequate monitoring, validation, and refinement 
of its advanced systems.
    (i) Control, oversight, and validation mechanisms. (1) The [BANK]'s 
senior management must ensure that all components of the [BANK]'s 
advanced systems function effectively and comply with the qualification 
requirements in this section.
    (2) The [BANK]'s board of directors (or a designated committee of 
the board) must at least annually review the

[[Page 53008]]

effectiveness of, and approve, the [BANK]'s advanced systems.
    (3) A [BANK] must have an effective system of controls and 
oversight that:
    (i) Ensures ongoing compliance with the qualification requirements 
in this section;
    (ii) Maintains the integrity, reliability, and accuracy of the 
[BANK]'s advanced systems; and
    (iii) Includes adequate governance and project management 
processes.
    (4) The [BANK] must validate, on an ongoing basis, its advanced 
systems. The [BANK]'s validation process must be independent of the 
advanced systems' development, implementation, and operation, or the 
validation process must be subjected to an independent review of its 
adequacy and effectiveness. Validation must include:
    (i) An evaluation of the conceptual soundness of (including 
developmental evidence supporting) the advanced systems;
    (ii) An ongoing monitoring process that includes verification of 
processes and benchmarking; and
    (iii) An outcomes analysis process that includes backtesting.
    (5) The [BANK] must have an internal audit function independent of 
business-line management that at least annually assesses the 
effectiveness of the controls supporting the [BANK]'s advanced systems 
and reports its findings to the [BANK]'s board of directors (or a 
committee thereof).
    (6) The [BANK] must periodically stress test its advanced systems. 
The stress testing must include a consideration of how economic cycles, 
especially downturns, affect risk-based capital requirements (including 
migration across rating grades and segments and the credit risk 
mitigation benefits of double default treatment).
    (j) Documentation. The [BANK] must adequately document all material 
aspects of its advanced systems.


Sec.  ----.123  Ongoing qualification.

    (a) Changes to advanced systems. A [BANK] must meet all the 
qualification requirements in Sec.  ----.122 on an ongoing basis. A 
[BANK] must notify the [AGENCY] when the [BANK] makes any change to an 
advanced system that would result in a material change in the [BANK]'s 
advanced approaches total risk-weighted asset amount for an exposure 
type or when the [BANK] makes any significant change to its modeling 
assumptions.
    (b) Failure to comply with qualification requirements. (1) If the 
[AGENCY] determines that a [BANK] that uses this subpart and that has 
conducted a satisfactory parallel run fails to comply with the 
qualification requirements in Sec.  ----.122, the [AGENCY] will notify 
the [BANK] in writing of the [BANK]'s failure to comply.
    (2) The [BANK] must establish and submit a plan satisfactory to the 
[AGENCY] to return to compliance with the qualification requirements.
    (3) In addition, if the [AGENCY] determines that the [BANK]'s 
advanced approaches total risk-weighted assets are not commensurate 
with the [BANK]'s credit, market, operational, or other risks, the 
[AGENCY] may require such a [BANK] to calculate its advanced approaches 
total risk-weighted assets with any modifications provided by the 
[AGENCY].


Sec.  ----.124   Merger and acquisition transitional arrangements.

    (a) Mergers and acquisitions of companies without advanced systems. 
If a [BANK] merges with or acquires a company that does not calculate 
its risk-based capital requirements using advanced systems, the [BANK] 
may use subpart D of this part to determine the risk-weighted asset 
amounts for the merged or acquired company's exposures for up to 24 
months after the calendar quarter during which the merger or 
acquisition consummates. The [AGENCY] may extend this transition period 
for up to an additional 12 months. Within 90 days of consummating the 
merger or acquisition, the [BANK] must submit to the [AGENCY] an 
implementation plan for using its advanced systems for the acquired 
company. During the period when subpart D applies to the merged or 
acquired company, any ALLL, net of allocated transfer risk reserves 
established pursuant to 12 U.S.C. 3904, associated with the merged or 
acquired company's exposures may be included in the acquiring [BANK]'s 
tier 2 capital up to 1.25 percent of the acquired company's risk-
weighted assets. All general allowances of the merged or acquired 
company must be excluded from the [BANK]'s eligible credit reserves. In 
addition, the risk-weighted assets of the merged or acquired company 
are not included in the [BANK]'s credit-risk-weighted assets but are 
included in total risk-weighted assets. If a [BANK] relies on this 
paragraph, the [BANK] must disclose publicly the amounts of risk-
weighted assets and qualifying capital calculated under this subpart 
for the acquiring [BANK] and under subpart D of this part for the 
acquired company.
    (b) Mergers and acquisitions of companies with advanced systems. 
(1) If a [BANK] merges with or acquires a company that calculates its 
risk-based capital requirements using advanced systems, the [BANK] may 
use the acquired company's advanced systems to determine total risk-
weighted assets for the merged or acquired company's exposures for up 
to 24 months after the calendar quarter during which the acquisition or 
merger consummates. The [AGENCY] may extend this transition period for 
up to an additional 12 months. Within 90 days of consummating the 
merger or acquisition, the [BANK] must submit to the [AGENCY] an 
implementation plan for using its advanced systems for the merged or 
acquired company.
    (2) If the acquiring [BANK] is not subject to the advanced 
approaches in this subpart at the time of acquisition or merger, during 
the period when subpart D of this part applies to the acquiring [BANK], 
the ALLL associated with the exposures of the merged or acquired 
company may not be directly included in tier 2 capital. Rather, any 
excess eligible credit reserves associated with the merged or acquired 
company's exposures may be included in the [BANK]'s tier 2 capital up 
to 0.6 percent of the credit-risk-weighted assets associated with those 
exposures.

RISK-WEIGHTED ASSETS FOR GENERAL CREDIT RISK


Sec.  ----.131   Mechanics for calculating total wholesale and retail 
risk-weighted assets.

    (a) Overview. A [BANK] must calculate its total wholesale and 
retail risk-weighted asset amount in four distinct phases:
    (1) Phase 1--categorization of exposures;
    (2) Phase 2--assignment of wholesale obligors and exposures to 
rating grades and segmentation of retail exposures;
    (3) Phase 3--assignment of risk parameters to wholesale exposures 
and segments of retail exposures; and
    (4) Phase 4--calculation of risk-weighted asset amounts.
    (b) Phase 1--Categorization. The [BANK] must determine which of its 
exposures are wholesale exposures, retail exposures, securitization 
exposures, or equity exposures. The [BANK] must categorize each retail 
exposure as a residential mortgage exposure, a QRE, or an other retail 
exposure. The [BANK] must identify which wholesale exposures are HVCRE 
exposures, sovereign exposures, OTC derivative contracts, repo-style 
transactions, eligible margin loans, eligible purchased wholesale 
exposures, cleared transactions, default fund contributions, unsettled 
transactions to which Sec.  ----.136 applies, and eligible

[[Page 53009]]

guarantees or eligible credit derivatives that are used as credit risk 
mitigants. The [BANK] must identify any on-balance sheet asset that 
does not meet the definition of a wholesale, retail, equity, or 
securitization exposure, as well as any non-material portfolio of 
exposures described in paragraph (e)(4) of this section.
    (c) Phase 2--Assignment of wholesale obligors and exposures to 
rating grades and retail exposures to segments. (1) Assignment of 
wholesale obligors and exposures to rating grades.
    (i) The [BANK] must assign each obligor of a wholesale exposure to 
a single obligor rating grade and must assign each wholesale exposure 
to which it does not directly assign an LGD estimate to a loss severity 
rating grade.
    (ii) The [BANK] must identify which of its wholesale obligors are 
in default.
    (2) Segmentation of retail exposures. (i) The [BANK] must group the 
retail exposures in each retail subcategory into segments that have 
homogeneous risk characteristics.
    (ii) The [BANK] must identify which of its retail exposures are in 
default. The [BANK] must segment defaulted retail exposures separately 
from non-defaulted retail exposures.
    (iii) If the [BANK] determines the EAD for eligible margin loans 
using the approach in Sec.  ----.132(b), the [BANK] must identify which 
of its retail exposures are eligible margin loans for which the [BANK] 
uses this EAD approach and must segment such eligible margin loans 
separately from other retail exposures.
    (3) Eligible purchased wholesale exposures. A [BANK] may group its 
eligible purchased wholesale exposures into segments that have 
homogeneous risk characteristics. A [BANK] must use the wholesale 
exposure formula in Table 1 of this section to determine the risk-based 
capital requirement for each segment of eligible purchased wholesale 
exposures.
    (d) Phase 3--Assignment of risk parameters to wholesale exposures 
and segments of retail exposures. (1) Quantification process. Subject 
to the limitations in this paragraph (d), the [BANK] must:
    (i) Associate a PD with each wholesale obligor rating grade;
    (ii) Associate an LGD with each wholesale loss severity rating 
grade or assign an LGD to each wholesale exposure;
    (iii) Assign an EAD and M to each wholesale exposure; and
    (iv) Assign a PD, LGD, and EAD to each segment of retail exposures.
    (2) Floor on PD assignment. The PD for each wholesale obligor or 
retail segment may not be less than 0.03 percent, except for exposures 
to or directly and unconditionally guaranteed by a sovereign entity, 
the Bank for International Settlements, the International Monetary 
Fund, the European Commission, the European Central Bank, or a 
multilateral development bank, to which the [BANK] assigns a rating 
grade associated with a PD of less than 0.03 percent.
    (3) Floor on LGD estimation. The LGD for each segment of 
residential mortgage exposures (other than segments of residential 
mortgage exposures for which all or substantially all of the principal 
of each exposure is directly and unconditionally guaranteed by the full 
faith and credit of a sovereign entity) may not be less than 10 
percent.
    (4) Eligible purchased wholesale exposures. A [BANK] must assign a 
PD, LGD, EAD, and M to each segment of eligible purchased wholesale 
exposures. If the [BANK] can estimate ECL (but not PD or LGD) for a 
segment of eligible purchased wholesale exposures, the [BANK] must 
assume that the LGD of the segment equals 100 percent and that the PD 
of the segment equals ECL divided by EAD. The estimated ECL must be 
calculated for the exposures without regard to any assumption of 
recourse or guarantees from the seller or other parties.
    (5) Credit risk mitigation: credit derivatives, guarantees, and 
collateral. (i) A [BANK] may take into account the risk reducing 
effects of eligible guarantees and eligible credit derivatives in 
support of a wholesale exposure by applying the PD substitution or LGD 
adjustment treatment to the exposure as provided in Sec.  ----.134 or, 
if applicable, applying double default treatment to the exposure as 
provided in Sec.  ----.135. A [BANK] may decide separately for each 
wholesale exposure that qualifies for the double default treatment 
under Sec.  ----.135 whether to apply the double default treatment or 
to use the PD substitution or LGD adjustment treatment without 
recognizing double default effects.
    (ii) A [BANK] may take into account the risk reducing effects of 
guarantees and credit derivatives in support of retail exposures in a 
segment when quantifying the PD and LGD of the segment.
    (iii) Except as provided in paragraph (d)(6) of this section, a 
[BANK] may take into account the risk reducing effects of collateral in 
support of a wholesale exposure when quantifying the LGD of the 
exposure, and may take into account the risk reducing effects of 
collateral in support of retail exposures when quantifying the PD and 
LGD of the segment.
    (6) EAD for OTC derivative contracts, repo-style transactions, and 
eligible margin loans. A [BANK] must calculate its EAD for an OTC 
derivative contract as provided in Sec. Sec.  ----.132 (c) and (d). A 
[BANK] may take into account the risk-reducing effects of financial 
collateral in support of a repo-style transaction or eligible margin 
loan and of any collateral in support of a repo-style transaction that 
is included in the [BANK]'s VaR-based measure under subpart F of this 
[PART] through an adjustment to EAD as provided in Sec. Sec.  --
--.132(b) and (d). A [BANK] that takes collateral into account through 
such an adjustment to EAD under Sec.  ----.132 may not reflect such 
collateral in LGD.
    (7) Effective maturity. An exposure's M must be no greater than 
five years and no less than one year, except that an exposure's M must 
be no less than one day if the exposure is a trade related letter of 
credit, or if the exposure has an original maturity of less than one 
year and is not part of a [BANK]'s ongoing financing of the obligor. An 
exposure is not part of a [BANK]'s ongoing financing of the obligor if 
the [BANK]:
    (i) Has a legal and practical ability not to renew or roll over the 
exposure in the event of credit deterioration of the obligor;
    (ii) Makes an independent credit decision at the inception of the 
exposure and at every renewal or roll over; and
    (iii) Has no substantial commercial incentive to continue its 
credit relationship with the obligor in the event of credit 
deterioration of the obligor.
    (8) EAD for exposures to certain central counterparties. A [BANK] 
may attribute an EAD of zero to exposures that arise from the 
settlement of cash transactions (such as equities, fixed income, spot 
foreign exchange, and spot commodities) with a central counterparty 
where there is no assumption of ongoing counterparty credit risk by the 
central counterparty after settlement of the trade and associated 
default fund contributions.
    (e) Phase 4--Calculation of risk-weighted assets. (1) Non-defaulted 
exposures.
    (i) A [BANK] must calculate the dollar risk-based capital 
requirement for each of its wholesale exposures to a non-defaulted 
obligor (except for eligible guarantees and eligible credit derivatives 
that hedge another wholesale exposure, IMM exposures, cleared 
transactions, default fund contributions, unsettled transactions,

[[Page 53010]]

and exposures to which the [BANK] applies the double default treatment 
in Sec.  ----.135) and segments of non-defaulted retail exposures by 
inserting the assigned risk parameters for the wholesale obligor and 
exposure or retail segment into the appropriate risk-based capital 
formula specified in Table 1 and multiplying the output of the formula 
(K) by the EAD of the exposure or segment. Alternatively, a [BANK] may 
apply a 300 percent risk weight to the EAD of an eligible margin loan 
if the [BANK] is not able to meet the agencies' requirements for 
estimation of PD and LGD for the margin loan.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.028

    (ii) The sum of all the dollar risk-based capital requirements for 
each wholesale exposure to a non-defaulted obligor and segment of non-
defaulted retail exposures calculated in paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this 
section and in Sec.  ----.135(e) equals the total dollar risk-based 
capital requirement for those exposures and segments.
    (iii) The aggregate risk-weighted asset amount for wholesale 
exposures to non-defaulted obligors and segments of non-defaulted 
retail exposures equals the total dollar risk-based capital

[[Page 53011]]

requirement in paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section multiplied by 12.5.
    (2) Wholesale exposures to defaulted obligors and segments of 
defaulted retail exposures.
    (i) The dollar risk-based capital requirement for each wholesale 
exposure to a defaulted obligor equals 0.08 multiplied by the EAD of 
the exposure.
    (ii) The dollar risk-based capital requirement for a segment of 
defaulted retail exposures equals 0.08 multiplied by the EAD of the 
segment.
    (iii) The sum of all the dollar risk-based capital requirements for 
each wholesale exposure to a defaulted obligor calculated in paragraph 
(e)(2)(i) of this section plus the dollar risk-based capital 
requirements for each segment of defaulted retail exposures calculated 
in paragraph (e)(2)(ii) of this section equals the total dollar risk-
based capital requirement for those exposures and segments.
    (iv) The aggregate risk-weighted asset amount for wholesale 
exposures to defaulted obligors and segments of defaulted retail 
exposures equals the total dollar risk-based capital requirement 
calculated in paragraph (e)(2)(iii) of this section multiplied by 12.5.
    (3) Assets not included in a defined exposure category. (i) A 
[BANK] may assign a risk-weighted asset amount of zero to cash owned 
and held in all offices of the [BANK] or in transit and for gold 
bullion held in the [BANK]'s own vaults, or held in another [BANK]'s 
vaults on an allocated basis, to the extent the gold bullion assets are 
offset by gold bullion liabilities.
    (ii) A [BANK] must assign a risk weighted asset amount equal to 20 
percent of the carrying value of cash items in the process of 
collection.
    (iii) The risk-weighted asset amount for the residual value of a 
retail lease exposure equals such residual value.
    (iv) The risk-weighted asset amount for DTAs arising from temporary 
differences that the [BANK] could realize through net operating loss 
carrybacks equals the carrying value, netted in accordance with Sec.  
----.22.
    (v) The risk-weighted asset amount for MSAs, DTAs arising from 
temporary timing differences that the [BANK] could not realize through 
net operating loss carrybacks, and significant investments in the 
capital of unconsolidated financial institutions in the form of common 
stock that are not deducted pursuant to Sec.  ----.22(a)(7) equals the 
amount not subject to deduction multiplied by 250 percent.
    (vi) The risk-weighted asset amount for any other on-balance-sheet 
asset that does not meet the definition of a wholesale, retail, 
securitization, IMM, or equity exposure, cleared transaction, or 
default fund contribution equals the carrying value of the asset.
    (4) Non-material portfolios of exposures. The risk-weighted asset 
amount of a portfolio of exposures for which the [BANK] has 
demonstrated to the [AGENCY]'s satisfaction that the portfolio (when 
combined with all other portfolios of exposures that the [BANK] seeks 
to treat under this paragraph) is not material to the [BANK] is the sum 
of the carrying values of on-balance sheet exposures plus the notional 
amounts of off-balance sheet exposures in the portfolio. For purposes 
of this paragraph (e)(4), the notional amount of an OTC derivative 
contract that is not a credit derivative is the EAD of the derivative 
as calculated in Sec.  ----.132.


Sec.  ----.132  Counterparty credit risk of repo-style transactions, 
eligible margin loans, and OTC derivative contracts.

    (a) Methodologies for collateral recognition. (1) Instead of an LGD 
estimation methodology, a [BANK] may use the following methodologies to 
recognize the benefits of financial collateral in mitigating the 
counterparty credit risk of repo-style transactions, eligible margin 
loans, collateralized OTC derivative contracts and single product 
netting sets of such transactions, and to recognize the benefits of any 
collateral in mitigating the counterparty credit risk of repo-style 
transactions that are included in a [BANK]'s VaR-based measure under 
subpart F:
    (i) The collateral haircut approach set forth in paragraph (b)(2) 
of this section;
    (ii) The internal models methodology set forth in paragraph (d) of 
this section; and
    (iii) For single product netting sets of repo-style transactions 
and eligible margin loans, the simple VaR methodology set forth in 
paragraph (b)(3) of this section.
    (2) A [BANK] may use any combination of the three methodologies for 
collateral recognition; however, it must use the same methodology for 
transactions in the same category.
    (3) A [BANK] must use the methodology in paragraph (c) of this 
section, or with prior [AGENCY] approval, the internal model 
methodology in paragraph (d) of this section, to calculate EAD for an 
OTC derivative contract or a set of OTC derivative contracts subject to 
a qualifying master netting agreement. To estimate EAD for qualifying 
cross-product master netting agreements, a [BANK] may only use the 
internal models methodology in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (4) A [BANK] must also use the methodology in paragraph (e) of this 
section for calculating the risk-weighted asset amounts for CVA for OTC 
derivatives.
    (b) EAD for eligible margin loans and repo-style transactions. (1) 
General. A [BANK] may recognize the credit risk mitigation benefits of 
financial collateral that secures an eligible margin loan, repo-style 
transaction, or single-product netting set of such transactions by 
factoring the collateral into its LGD estimates for the exposure. 
Alternatively, a [BANK] may estimate an unsecured LGD for the exposure, 
as well as for any repo-style transaction that is included in the 
[BANK]'s VaR-based measure under subpart F of this part, and determine 
the EAD of the exposure using:
    (i) The collateral haircut approach described in paragraph (b)(2) 
of this section;
    (ii) For netting sets only, the simple VaR methodology described in 
paragraph (b)(3) of this section; or
    (iii) The internal models methodology described in paragraph (d) of 
this section.
    (2) Collateral haircut approach. (i) EAD equation. A [BANK] may 
determine EAD for an eligible margin loan, repo-style transaction, or 
netting set by setting EAD equal to max {0, [([Sigma]E - [Sigma]C) + 
[Sigma](ES x HS) + [Sigma](Efx x 
Hfx)]{time} , where:
    (A) [Sigma]E equals the value of the exposure (the sum of the 
current market values of all instruments, gold, and cash the [BANK] has 
lent, sold subject to repurchase, or posted as collateral to the 
counterparty under the transaction (or netting set));
    (B) [Sigma]C equals the value of the collateral (the sum of the 
current market values of all instruments, gold, and cash the [BANK] has 
borrowed, purchased subject to resale, or taken as collateral from the 
counterparty under the transaction (or netting set));
    (C) Es equals the absolute value of the net position in 
a given instrument or in gold (where the net position in a given 
instrument or in gold equals the sum of the current market values of 
the instrument or gold the [BANK] has lent, sold subject to repurchase, 
or posted as collateral to the counterparty minus the sum of the 
current market values of that same instrument or gold the [BANK] has 
borrowed, purchased subject to resale, or taken as collateral from the 
counterparty);
    (D) Hs equals the market price volatility haircut 
appropriate to the instrument or gold referenced in ES;

[[Page 53012]]

    (E) Efx equals the absolute value of the net position of 
instruments and cash in a currency that is different from the 
settlement currency (where the net position in a given currency equals 
the sum of the current market values of any instruments or cash in the 
currency the [BANK] has lent, sold subject to repurchase, or posted as 
collateral to the counterparty minus the sum of the current market 
values of any instruments or cash in the currency the [BANK] has 
borrowed, purchased subject to resale, or taken as collateral from the 
counterparty); and
    (F) Hfx equals the haircut appropriate to the mismatch 
between the currency referenced in Efx and the settlement 
currency.
    (ii) Standard supervisory haircuts. (A) Under the standard 
supervisory haircuts approach:
    (1) A [BANK] must use the haircuts for market price volatility 
(Hs) in Table 2, as adjusted in certain circumstances as 
provided in paragraphs (b)(2)(ii)(A)(3) and (4) of this section;

                                           Table 2--Standard Supervisory Market Price Volatility Haircuts \1\
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 Haircut (in percents) assigned based on:
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                      Sovereign issuers risk weight      Non-sovereign issuers risk     Investment grade
                         Residual maturity                                under this section \2\         weight under this section       securitization
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------   exposures (in
                                                                                  20% or                                                    percent)
                                                                       Zero %      50%        100%       20%        50%        100%
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Less than or equal to 1 year.......................................        0.5        1.0       15.0        1.0        2.0       25.0                4.0
Greater than 1 year and less than or equal to 5 years..............        2.0        3.0       15.0        4.0        6.0       25.0               12.0
Greater than 5 years...............................................        4.0        6.0       15.0        8.0       12.0       25.0               24.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Main index equities (including convertible bonds) and gold..............................15.0........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Other publicly-traded equities (including convertible bonds)............................25.0........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mutual funds.........................................................Highest haircut applicable to any security
                                                                            in which the fund can invest.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash collateral held....................................................................Zero........
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The market price volatility haircuts in Table 2 are based on a 10-business-day holding period.
\2\ Includes a foreign PSE that receives a zero percent risk weight.

    (2) For currency mismatches, a [BANK] must use a haircut for 
foreign exchange rate volatility (Hfx) of 8 percent, as 
adjusted in certain circumstances as provided in paragraphs 
(b)(2)(ii)(A)(3) and (4) of this section.
    (3) For repo-style transactions, a [BANK] may multiply the 
supervisory haircuts provided in paragraphs (b)(2)(ii)(A)(1) and (2) of 
this section by the square root of \1/2\ (which equals 0.707107).
    (4) A [BANK] must adjust the supervisory haircuts upward on the 
basis of a holding period longer than ten business days (for eligible 
margin loans) or five business days (for repo-style transactions) where 
the following conditions apply. If the number of trades in a netting 
set exceeds 5,000 at any time during a quarter, a [BANK] must adjust 
the supervisory haircuts upward on the basis of a holding period of 
twenty business days for the following quarter (except when a [BANK] is 
calculating EAD for a cleared transaction under Sec.  ----.133). If a 
netting set contains one or more trades involving illiquid collateral 
or an OTC derivative that cannot be easily replaced, a [BANK] must 
adjust the supervisory haircuts upward on the basis of a holding period 
of twenty business days. If over the two previous quarters more than 
two margin disputes on a netting set have occurred that lasted more 
than the holding period, then the [BANK] must adjust the supervisory 
haircuts upward for that netting set on the basis of a holding period 
that is at least two times the minimum holding period for that netting 
set. A [BANK] must adjust the standard supervisory haircuts upward 
using the following formula:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.029

Where,

(i) TM equals a holding period of longer than 10 business 
days for eligible margin loans and derivative contracts or longer 
than 5 business days for repo-style transactions;
(ii) HS equals the standard supervisory haircut; and
(iii) TS equals 10 business days for eligible margin 
loans and derivative contracts or 5 business days for repo-style 
transactions.

    (5) If the instrument a [BANK] has lent, sold subject to 
repurchase, or posted as collateral does not meet the definition of 
financial collateral, the [BANK] must use a 25.0 percent haircut for 
market price volatility (HS).
    (iii) Own internal estimates for haircuts. With the prior written 
approval of the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may calculate haircuts 
(Hs and Hfx) using its own internal estimates of 
the volatilities of market prices and foreign exchange rates.
    (A) To receive [AGENCY] approval to use its own internal estimates, 
a [BANK] must satisfy the following minimum quantitative standards:
    (1) A [BANK] must use a 99th percentile one-tailed confidence 
interval.
    (2) The minimum holding period for a repo-style transaction is five 
business days and for an eligible margin loan is ten business days 
except for transactions or netting sets for which paragraph 
(b)(2)(iii)(A)(3) of this section applies. When a [BANK] calculates an 
own-estimates haircut on a TN-day holding period, which is 
different from the minimum holding period for the transaction type, the 
applicable haircut (HM) is calculated using the following 
square root of time formula:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.030

Where,


[[Page 53013]]


(i) TM equals 5 for repo-style transactions and 10 for 
eligible margin loans;
(ii) TN equals the holding period used by the [BANK] to 
derive HN; and
(iii) HN equals the haircut based on the holding period 
TN.

    (3) If the number of trades in a netting set exceeds 5,000 at any 
time during a quarter, a [BANK] must calculate the haircut using a 
minimum holding period of twenty business days for the following 
quarter (except when a [BANK] is calculating EAD for a cleared 
transaction under Sec.  ----.133). If a netting set contains one or 
more trades involving illiquid collateral or an OTC derivative that 
cannot be easily replaced, a [BANK] must calculate the haircut using a 
minimum holding period of twenty business days. If over the two 
previous quarters more than two margin disputes on a netting set have 
occurred that lasted more than the holding period, then the [BANK] must 
calculate the haircut for transactions in that netting set on the basis 
of a holding period that is at least two times the minimum holding 
period for that netting set.
    (4) A [BANK] is required to calculate its own internal estimates 
with inputs calibrated to historical data from a continuous 12-month 
period that reflects a period of significant financial stress 
appropriate to the security or category of securities.
    (5) A [BANK] must have policies and procedures that describe how it 
determines the period of significant financial stress used to calculate 
the [BANK]'s own internal estimates for haircuts under this section and 
must be able to provide empirical support for the period used. The 
[BANK] must obtain the prior approval of the [AGENCY] for, and notify 
the [AGENCY] if the [BANK] makes any material changes to, these 
policies and procedures.
    (6) Nothing in this section prevents the [AGENCY] from requiring a 
[BANK] to use a different period of significant financial stress in the 
calculation of own internal estimates for haircuts.
    (7) A [BANK] must update its data sets and calculate haircuts no 
less frequently than quarterly and must also reassess data sets and 
haircuts whenever market prices change materially.
    (B) With respect to debt securities that are investment grade, a 
[BANK] may calculate haircuts for categories of securities. For a 
category of securities, the [BANK] must calculate the haircut on the 
basis of internal volatility estimates for securities in that category 
that are representative of the securities in that category that the 
[BANK] has lent, sold subject to repurchase, posted as collateral, 
borrowed, purchased subject to resale, or taken as collateral. In 
determining relevant categories, the [BANK] must at a minimum take into 
account:
    (1) The type of issuer of the security;
    (2) The credit quality of the security;
    (3) The maturity of the security; and
    (4) The interest rate sensitivity of the security.
    (C) With respect to debt securities that are not investment grade 
and equity securities, a [BANK] must calculate a separate haircut for 
each individual security.
    (D) Where an exposure or collateral (whether in the form of cash or 
securities) is denominated in a currency that differs from the 
settlement currency, the [BANK] must calculate a separate currency 
mismatch haircut for its net position in each mismatched currency based 
on estimated volatilities of foreign exchange rates between the 
mismatched currency and the settlement currency.
    (E) A [BANK]'s own estimates of market price and foreign exchange 
rate volatilities may not take into account the correlations among 
securities and foreign exchange rates on either the exposure or 
collateral side of a transaction (or netting set) or the correlations 
among securities and foreign exchange rates between the exposure and 
collateral sides of the transaction (or netting set).
    (3) Simple VaR methodology. With the prior written approval of the 
[AGENCY], a [BANK] may estimate EAD for a netting set using a VaR model 
that meets the requirements in paragraph (b)(3)(iii) of this section. 
In such event, the [BANK] must set EAD equal to max {0, [([Sigma]E - 
[Sigma]C) + PFE]{time} , where:
    (i) [Sigma]E equals the value of the exposure (the sum of the 
current market values of all instruments, gold, and cash the [BANK] has 
lent, sold subject to repurchase, or posted as collateral to the 
counterparty under the netting set);
    (ii) [Sigma]C equals the value of the collateral (the sum of the 
current market values of all instruments, gold, and cash the [BANK] has 
borrowed, purchased subject to resale, or taken as collateral from the 
counterparty under the netting set); and
    (iii) PFE (potential future exposure) equals the [BANK]'s 
empirically based best estimate of the 99th percentile, one-tailed 
confidence interval for an increase in the value of ([Sigma]E- 
[Sigma]C) over a five-business-day holding period for repo-style 
transactions, or over a ten-business-day holding period for eligible 
margin loans except for netting sets for which paragraph (b)(3)(iv) of 
this section applies using a minimum one-year historical observation 
period of price data representing the instruments that the [BANK] has 
lent, sold subject to repurchase, posted as collateral, borrowed, 
purchased subject to resale, or taken as collateral. The [BANK] must 
validate its VaR model by establishing and maintaining a rigorous and 
regular backtesting regime.
    (iv) If the number of trades in a netting set exceeds 5,000 at any 
time during a quarter, a [BANK] must use a twenty-business-day holding 
period for the following quarter (except when a [BANK] is calculating 
EAD for a cleared transaction under Sec.  ----.133). If a netting set 
contains one or more trades involving illiquid collateral, a [BANK] 
must use a twenty-business-day holding period. If over the two previous 
quarters more than two margin disputes on a netting set have occurred 
that lasted more than the holding period, then the [BANK] must set its 
PFE for that netting set equal to an estimate over a holding period 
that is at least two times the minimum holding period for that netting 
set.
    (c) EAD for OTC derivative contracts. (1) A [BANK] must determine 
the EAD for an OTC derivative contract that is not subject to a 
qualifying master netting agreement using the current exposure 
methodology in paragraph (c)(5) of this section or using the internal 
models methodology described in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (2) A [BANK] must determine the EAD for multiple OTC derivative 
contracts that are subject to a qualifying master netting agreement 
using the current exposure methodology in Sec.  ----.132(c)(6) or using 
the internal models methodology described in paragraph (d) of this 
section.
    (3) Counterparty credit risk for credit derivatives. 
Notwithstanding paragraphs (c) (1) and (c)(2) of this section:
    (i) A [BANK] that purchases a credit derivative that is recognized 
under Sec.  ----.134 or Sec.  ----.135 as a credit risk mitigant for an 
exposure that is not a covered position under subpart F of this part is 
not required to calculate a separate counterparty credit risk capital 
requirement under this section so long as the [BANK] does so 
consistently for all such credit derivatives and either includes or 
excludes all such credit derivatives that are subject to a master 
netting agreement from any measure used to determine counterparty 
credit risk exposure to all relevant counterparties for risk-based 
capital purposes.
    (ii) A [BANK] that is the protection provider in a credit 
derivative must treat the credit derivative as a wholesale exposure to 
the reference obligor and is not required to calculate a counterparty

[[Page 53014]]

credit risk capital requirement for the credit derivative under this 
section, so long as it does so consistently for all such credit 
derivatives and either includes all or excludes all such credit 
derivatives that are subject to a master netting agreement from any 
measure used to determine counterparty credit risk exposure to all 
relevant counterparties for risk-based capital purposes (unless the 
[BANK] is treating the credit derivative as a covered position under 
subpart F of this part, in which case the [BANK] must calculate a 
supplemental counterparty credit risk capital requirement under this 
section).
    (4) Counterparty credit risk for equity derivatives. A [BANK] must 
treat an equity derivative contract as an equity exposure and compute a 
risk-weighted asset amount for the equity derivative contract under 
Sec. Sec.  ----.151-----.155 (unless the [BANK] is treating the 
contract as a covered position under subpart F of this part). In 
addition, if the [BANK] is treating the contract as a covered position 
under subpart F of this part, and under certain other circumstances 
described in Sec.  ----.155, the [BANK] must also calculate a risk-
based capital requirement for the counterparty credit risk of an equity 
derivative contract under this section.
    (5) Single OTC derivative contract. Except as modified by paragraph 
(c)(7) of this section, the EAD for a single OTC derivative contract 
that is not subject to a qualifying master netting agreement is equal 
to the sum of the [BANK]'s current credit exposure and potential future 
credit exposure (PFE) on the derivative contract.
    (i) Current credit exposure. The current credit exposure for a 
single OTC derivative contract is the greater of the mark-to-market 
value of the derivative contract or zero.
    (ii) PFE. The PFE for a single OTC derivative contract, including 
an OTC derivative contract with a negative mark-to-market value, is 
calculated by multiplying the notional principal amount of the 
derivative contract by the appropriate conversion factor in Table 3. 
For purposes of calculating either the PFE under paragraph (c)(5) of 
this section or the gross PFE under paragraph (c)(6) of this section 
for exchange rate contracts and other similar contracts in which the 
notional principal amount is equivalent to the cash flows, the notional 
principal amount is the net receipts to each party falling due on each 
value date in each currency. For any OTC derivative contract that does 
not fall within one of the specified categories in Table 3, the PFE 
must be calculated using the ``other'' conversion factors. A [BANK] 
must use an OTC derivative contract's effective notional principal 
amount (that is, its apparent or stated notional principal amount 
multiplied by any multiplier in the OTC derivative contract) rather 
than its apparent or stated notional principal amount in calculating 
PFE. PFE of the protection provider of a credit derivative is capped at 
the net present value of the amount of unpaid premiums.

                                           Table 3--Conversion Factor Matrix for OTC Derivative Contracts \1\
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   Credit  (non-
                                                                      Foreign         Credit        investment-                   Precious
               Remaining maturity \2\                  Interest      exchange      (investment-        grade          Equity       metals       Other
                                                         rate        rate and    grade reference     reference                    (except
                                                                       gold         asset) \3\         asset)                      gold)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
One year or less...................................         0.00          0.01              0.05             0.10         0.06         0.07         0.10
Over one to five years.............................         0.005         0.05              0.05             0.10         0.08         0.07         0.12
Over five years....................................         0.015         0.075             0.05             0.10         0.10         0.08         0.15
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For an OTC derivative contract with multiple exchanges of principal, the conversion factor is multiplied by the number of remaining payments in the
  derivative contract.
\2\ For an OTC derivative contract that is structured such that on specified dates any outstanding exposure is settled and the terms are reset so that
  the market value of the contract is zero, the remaining maturity equals the time until the next reset date. For an interest rate derivative contract
  with a remaining maturity of greater than one year that meets these criteria, the minimum conversion factor is 0.005.
\3\ A [BANK] must use the column labeled ``Credit (investment-grade reference asset)'' for a credit derivative whose reference asset is an outstanding
  unsecured long-term debt security without credit enhancement that is investment grade. A [BANK] must use the column labeled ``Credit (non-investment-
  grade reference asset)'' for all other credit derivatives.

    (6) Multiple OTC derivative contracts subject to a qualifying 
master netting agreement. Except as modified by paragraph (c)(7) of 
this section, the EAD for multiple OTC derivative contracts subject to 
a qualifying master netting agreement is equal to the sum of the net 
current credit exposure and the adjusted sum of the PFE exposure for 
all OTC derivative contracts subject to the qualifying master netting 
agreement.
    (i) Net current credit exposure. The net current credit exposure is 
the greater of:
    (A) The net sum of all positive and negative mark-to-market values 
of the individual OTC derivative contracts subject to the qualifying 
master netting agreement; or
    (B) Zero.
    (ii) Adjusted sum of the PFE. The adjusted sum of the PFE, 
Anet, is calculated as Anet = (0.4 x 
Agross) + (0.6 x NGR x Agross), where:
    (A) Agross = the gross PFE (that is, the sum of the PFE 
amounts (as determined under paragraph (c)(5)(ii) of this section) for 
each individual derivative contract subject to the qualifying master 
netting agreement); and
    (B) NGR = the net to gross ratio (that is, the ratio of the net 
current credit exposure to the gross current credit exposure). In 
calculating the NGR, the gross current credit exposure equals the sum 
of the positive current credit exposures (as determined under paragraph 
(c)(6)(i) of this section) of all individual derivative contracts 
subject to the qualifying master netting agreement.
    (7) Collateralized OTC derivative contracts. A [BANK] may recognize 
the credit risk mitigation benefits of financial collateral that 
secures an OTC derivative contract or single-product netting set of OTC 
derivatives by factoring the collateral into its LGD estimates for the 
contract or netting set. Alternatively, a [BANK] may recognize the 
credit risk mitigation benefits of financial collateral that secures 
such a contract or netting set that is marked-to-market on a daily 
basis and subject to a daily margin maintenance requirement by 
estimating an unsecured LGD for the contract or netting set and 
adjusting the EAD calculated under paragraph (c)(5) or (c)(6) of this 
section using the collateral haircut approach in paragraph (b)(2) of 
this section. The [BANK] must substitute the EAD calculated under 
paragraph (c)(5) or (c)(6) of this section for [Sigma]E in the equation 
in paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this section and must use a ten-business day 
minimum holding period (TM = 10) unless a longer holding

[[Page 53015]]

period is required by paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(A)(3) of this section.
    (d) Internal models methodology. (1) With prior written approval 
from the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may use the internal models methodology in 
this paragraph (d) to determine EAD for counterparty credit risk for 
derivative contracts (collateralized or uncollateralized) and single-
product netting sets thereof, for eligible margin loans and single-
product netting sets thereof, and for repo-style transactions and 
single-product netting sets thereof. A [BANK] that uses the internal 
models methodology for a particular transaction type (derivative 
contracts, eligible margin loans, or repo-style transactions) must use 
the internal models methodology for all transactions of that 
transaction type. A [BANK] may choose to use the internal models 
methodology for one or two of these three types of exposures and not 
the other types. A [BANK] may also use the internal models methodology 
for derivative contracts, eligible margin loans, and repo-style 
transactions subject to a qualifying cross-product netting agreement 
if:
    (i) The [BANK] effectively integrates the risk mitigating effects 
of cross-product netting into its risk management and other information 
technology systems; and
    (ii) The [BANK] obtains the prior written approval of the [AGENCY].

A [BANK] that uses the internal models methodology for a transaction 
type must receive approval from the [AGENCY] to cease using the 
methodology for that transaction type or to make a material change to 
its internal model.
    (2) Risk-weighted assets using IMM. Under the IMM, a [BANK] uses an 
internal model to estimate the expected exposure (EE) for a netting set 
and then calculates EAD based on that EE. A [BANK] must calculate two 
EEs and two EADs (one stressed and one unstressed) for each netting set 
as follows:
    (i) EADunstressed is calculated using an EE estimate 
based on the most recent data meeting the requirements of paragraph 
(d)(3)(vii) of this section.
    (ii) EADstressed is calculated using an EE estimate 
based on a historical period that includes a period of stress to the 
credit default spreads of the [BANK]'s counterparties according to 
paragraph (d)(3)(viii) of this section.
    (iii) The [BANK] must use its internal model's probability 
distribution for changes in the market value of a netting set that are 
attributable to changes in market variables to determine EE.
    (iv) Under the internal models methodology, EAD = Max (0, [alpha] x 
effective EPE - CVA), or, subject to [AGENCY] approval as provided in 
paragraph (d)(10) of this section, a more conservative measure of EAD.
    (A) CVA equals the credit valuation adjustment that the [BANK] has 
recognized in its balance sheet valuation of any OTC derivative 
contracts in the netting set. For purposes of this paragraph, CVA does 
not include any adjustments to common equity tier 1 capital 
attributable to changes in the fair value of the [BANK]'s liabilities 
that are due to changes in its own credit risk since the inception of 
the transaction with the counterparty.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.031

    (1) EffectiveE Etk = max (EffectiveE Etk - 1,EEtk) (that is, for 
a specific date tk, effective EE is the greater of EE at 
that date or the effective EE at the previous date); and
    (2) tk represents the kth future time period in the 
model and there are n time periods represented in the model over the 
first year, and
    (C) [alpha] = 1.4 except as provided in paragraph (d)(5) of this 
section, or when the [AGENCY] has determined that the [BANK] must 
set [alpha] higher based on the [BANK]'s specific characteristics of 
counterparty credit risk or model performance.
    (v) A [BANK] may include financial collateral currently posted by 
the counterparty as collateral (but may not include other forms of 
collateral) when calculating EE.
    (vi) If a [BANK] hedges some or all of the counterparty credit risk 
associated with a netting set using an eligible credit derivative, the 
[BANK] may take the reduction in exposure to the counterparty into 
account when estimating EE. If the [BANK] recognizes this reduction in 
exposure to the counterparty in its estimate of EE, it must also use 
its internal model to estimate a separate EAD for the [BANK]'s exposure 
to the protection provider of the credit derivative.
    (3) To obtain [AGENCY] approval to calculate the distributions of 
exposures upon which the EAD calculation is based, the [BANK] must 
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the [AGENCY] that it has been using 
for at least one year an internal model that broadly meets the 
following minimum standards, with which the [BANK] must maintain 
compliance:
    (i) The model must have the systems capability to estimate the 
expected exposure to the counterparty on a daily basis (but is not 
expected to estimate or report expected exposure on a daily basis).
    (ii) The model must estimate expected exposure at enough future 
dates to reflect accurately all the future cash flows of contracts in 
the netting set.
    (iii) The model must account for the possible non-normality of the 
exposure distribution, where appropriate.
    (iv) The [BANK] must measure, monitor, and control current 
counterparty exposure and the exposure to the counterparty over the 
whole life of all contracts in the netting set.
    (v) The [BANK] must be able to measure and manage current exposures 
gross and net of collateral held, where appropriate. The [BANK] must 
estimate expected exposures for OTC derivative contracts both with and 
without the effect of collateral agreements.
    (vi) The [BANK] must have procedures to identify, monitor, and 
control wrong-way risk throughout the life of an exposure. The 
procedures must include stress testing and scenario analysis.
    (vii) The model must use current market data to compute current 
exposures. The [BANK] must estimate model parameters using historical 
data from the most recent three-year period and update the data 
quarterly or more frequently if market conditions warrant. The [BANK] 
should consider using model parameters based on forward-looking 
measures, where appropriate.
    (viii) When estimating model parameters based on a stress period, 
the [BANK] must use at least three years of historical data that 
include a period of

[[Page 53016]]

stress to the credit default spreads of the [BANK]'s counterparties. 
The [BANK] must review the data set and update the data as necessary, 
particularly for any material changes in its counterparties. The [BANK] 
must demonstrate at least quarterly that the stress period coincides 
with increased CDS or other credit spreads of the [BANK]'s 
counterparties. The [BANK] must have procedures to evaluate the 
effectiveness of its stress calibration that include a process for 
using benchmark portfolios that are vulnerable to the same risk factors 
as the [BANK]'s portfolio. The [AGENCY] may require the [BANK] to 
modify its stress calibration to better reflect actual historic losses 
of the portfolio.
    (ix) A [BANK] must subject its internal model to an initial 
validation and annual model review process. The model review should 
consider whether the inputs and risk factors, as well as the model 
outputs, are appropriate. As part of the model review process, the 
[BANK] must have a backtesting program for its model that includes a 
process by which unacceptable model performance will be determined and 
remedied.
    (x) A [BANK] must have policies for the measurement, management and 
control of collateral and margin amounts.
    (xi) A [BANK] must have a comprehensive stress testing program that 
captures all credit exposures to counterparties, and incorporates 
stress testing of principal market risk factors and creditworthiness of 
counterparties.
    (4) Maturity. (i) If the remaining maturity of the exposure or the 
longest-dated contract in the netting set is greater than one year, the 
[BANK] must set M for the exposure or netting set equal to the lower of 
five years or M(EPE), where:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.032

    (B) dfk is the risk-free discount factor for future 
time period tk; and
    (C) [Delta]tk = tk-1.
    (ii) If the remaining maturity of the exposure or the longest-dated 
contract in the netting set is one year or less, the [BANK] must set M 
for the exposure or netting set equal to one year, except as provided 
in sectionSec.  ----.131(d)(7).
    (iii) Alternatively, a [BANK] that uses an internal model to 
calculate a one-sided credit valuation adjustment may use the effective 
credit duration estimated by the model as M(EPE) in place of the 
formula in paragraph (d)(4)(i) of this section.
    (5) Collateral agreements. A [BANK] may capture the effect on EAD 
of a collateral agreement that requires receipt of collateral when 
exposure to the counterparty increases, but may not capture the effect 
on EAD of a collateral agreement that requires receipt of collateral 
when counterparty credit quality deteriorates. Two methods are 
available to capture the effect of a collateral agreement:
    (i) With prior written approval from the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may 
include the effect of a collateral agreement within its internal model 
used to calculate EAD. The [BANK] may set EAD equal to the expected 
exposure at the end of the margin period of risk. The margin period of 
risk means, with respect to a netting set subject to a collateral 
agreement, the time period from the most recent exchange of collateral 
with a counterparty until the next required exchange of collateral, 
plus the period of time required to sell and realize the proceeds of 
the least liquid collateral that can be delivered under the terms of 
the collateral agreement and, where applicable, the period of time 
required to re-hedge the resulting market risk upon the default of the 
counterparty. The minimum margin period of risk is set according to 
paragraph (d)(5)(iii) of this section.
    (ii) A [BANK] that can model EPE without collateral agreements but 
cannot achieve the higher level of modeling sophistication to model EPE 
with collateral agreements can set effective EPE for a collateralized 
netting set equal to the lesser of:
    (A) An add-on that reflects the potential increase in exposure of 
the netting set over the margin period of risk, plus the larger of:
    (1) The current exposure of the netting set reflecting all 
collateral held or posted by the [BANK] excluding any collateral called 
or in dispute; or
    (2) The largest net exposure including all collateral held or 
posted under the margin agreement that would not trigger a collateral 
call. For purposes of this section, the add-on is computed as the 
largest expected increase in the netting set's exposure over any margin 
period of risk in the next year (set in accordance with paragraph 
(d)(5)(iii) of this section); or
    (B) Effective EPE without a collateral agreement plus any 
collateral the [BANK] posts to the counterparty that exceeds the 
required margin amount.
    (iii) The margin period of risk for a netting set subject to a 
collateral agreement is:
    (A) Five business days for repo-style transactions subject to daily 
remargining and daily marking-to-market, and ten business days for 
other transactions when liquid financial collateral is posted under a 
daily margin maintenance requirement, or
    (B) Twenty business days if the number of trades in a netting set 
exceeds 5,000 at any time during the previous quarter or contains one 
or more trades involving illiquid collateral or any derivative contract 
that cannot be easily replaced (except if the [BANK] is calculating EAD 
for a cleared transaction under Sec.  ----.133). If over the two 
previous quarters more than two margin disputes on a netting set have 
occurred that lasted more than the margin period of risk, then the 
[BANK] must use a margin period of risk for that netting set that is at 
least two times the minimum margin period of risk for that netting set. 
If the periodicity of the receipt of collateral is N-days, the minimum 
margin period of risk is the minimum margin period of risk under this 
paragraph plus N minus 1. This period should be extended to cover any 
impediments to prompt re-hedging of any market risk.
    (6) Own estimate of alpha. With prior written approval of the 
[AGENCY], a [BANK] may calculate alpha as the ratio of economic capital 
from a full simulation of counterparty exposure across counterparties 
that incorporates a joint simulation of market and credit risk factors 
(numerator) and economic capital based on EPE (denominator), subject to 
a floor of 1.2. For purposes of this calculation, economic capital is 
the unexpected losses for all counterparty credit risks measured at a 
99.9 percent

[[Page 53017]]

confidence level over a one-year horizon. To receive approval, the 
[BANK] must meet the following minimum standards to the satisfaction of 
the [AGENCY]:
    (i) The [BANK]'s own estimate of alpha must capture in the 
numerator the effects of:
    (A) The material sources of stochastic dependency of distributions 
of market values of transactions or portfolios of transactions across 
counterparties;
    (B) Volatilities and correlations of market risk factors used in 
the joint simulation, which must be related to the credit risk factor 
used in the simulation to reflect potential increases in volatility or 
correlation in an economic downturn, where appropriate; and
    (C) The granularity of exposures (that is, the effect of a 
concentration in the proportion of each counterparty's exposure that is 
driven by a particular risk factor).
    (ii) The [BANK] must assess the potential model uncertainty in its 
estimates of alpha.
    (iii) The [BANK] must calculate the numerator and denominator of 
alpha in a consistent fashion with respect to modeling methodology, 
parameter specifications, and portfolio composition.
    (iv) The [BANK] must review and adjust as appropriate its estimates 
of the numerator and denominator of alpha on at least a quarterly basis 
and more frequently when the composition of the portfolio varies over 
time.
    (7) Risk-based capital requirements for transactions with specific 
wrong-way risk. A [BANK] must determine if a repo-style transaction, 
eligible margin loan, bond option, or equity derivative contract or 
purchased credit derivative to which the [BANK] applies the internal 
models methodology has specific wrong-way risk. If a transaction has 
specific wrong-way risk, the [BANK] must exclude it from the model 
described in 132(d)(2) and instead calculate the risk-based capital 
requirement for the transaction as follows:
    (i) For an equity derivative contract, by multiplying:
    (A) K, calculated using the appropriate risk-based capital formula 
specified in Table 1 of Sec.  ----.131 using the PD of the counterparty 
and LGD equal to 100 percent, by
    (B) The maximum amount the [BANK] could lose on the equity 
derivative.
    (ii) For a purchased credit derivative by multiplying:
    (A) K, calculated using the appropriate risk-based capital formula 
specified in Table 1 of Sec.  ----.131 using the PD of the counterparty 
and LGD equal to 100 percent, by
    (B) The fair value of the reference asset of the credit derivative.
    (iii) For a bond option, by multiplying:
    (A) K, calculated using the appropriate risk-based capital formula 
specified in Table 1 of Sec.  ----.131 using the PD of the counterparty 
and LGD equal to 100 percent, by
    (B) The smaller of the notional amount of the underlying reference 
asset and the maximum potential loss under the bond option contract.
    (iv) For a repo-style transaction or eligible margin loan by 
multiplying:
    (A) K, calculated using the appropriate risk-based capital formula 
specified in Table 1 of Sec.  ----.131 using the PD of the counterparty 
and LGD equal to 100 percent, by
    (B) The EAD of the transaction determined according to the EAD 
equation in Sec.  ----.131(b)(2), substituting the estimated value of 
the collateral assuming a default of the counterparty for the value of 
the collateral in [Sigma]C of the equation.
    (8) Risk-weighted asset amount for IMM exposures with specific 
wrong-way risk. The aggregate risk-weighted asset amount for IMM 
exposures with specific wrong-way risk is the sum of a [BANK]'s risk-
based capital requirement for purchased credit derivatives that are not 
bond options with specific wrong-way risk as calculated under paragraph 
(d)(7)(ii) of this section, a [BANK]'s risk-based capital requirement 
for equity derivatives with specific wrong-way risk as calculated under 
paragraph (d)(7)(i) of this section, a [BANK]'s risk-based capital 
requirement for bond options with specific wrong-way risk as calculated 
under paragraph (d)(7)(iii) of this section, and a [BANK]'s risk-based 
capital requirement for repo-style transactions and eligible margin 
loans with specific wrong-way risk as calculated under paragraph 
(d)(7)(iv) of this section, multiplied by 12.5.
    (9) Risk-weighted assets for IMM exposures. (i) The [BANK] must 
insert the assigned risk parameters for each counterparty and netting 
set into the appropriate formula specified in Table 1 of Sec.  ----.131 
and multiply the output of the formula by the EADunstressed 
of the netting set to obtain the unstressed capital requirement for 
each netting set. A [BANK] that uses an advanced CVA approach that 
captures migrations in credit spreads under paragraph (e)(3) of this 
section must set the maturity adjustment (b) in the formula equal to 
zero. The sum of the unstressed capital requirement calculated for each 
netting set equals Kunstressed.
    (ii) The [BANK] must insert the assigned risk parameters for each 
wholesale obligor and netting set into the appropriate formula 
specified in Table 1 of Sec.  ----.131 and multiply the output of the 
formula by the EADstressed of the netting set to obtain the 
stressed capital requirement for each netting set. A [BANK] that uses 
an advanced CVA approach that captures migrations in credit spreads 
under paragraph (e)(3) of this section must set the maturity adjustment 
(b) in the formula equal to zero. The sum of the stressed capital 
requirement calculated for each netting set equals 
Kstressed.
    (iii) The [BANK]'s dollar risk-based capital requirement under the 
internal models methodology equals the larger of Kunstressed 
and Kstressed. A [BANK]'s risk-weighted assets amount for 
IMM exposures is equal to the capital requirement multiplied by 12.5, 
plus risk weighted assets for IMM exposures with specific wrong-way 
risk in paragraph (d)(8) of this section and those in paragraph (d)(10) 
of this section.
    (10) Other measures of counterparty exposure. (i) With prior 
written approval of the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may set EAD equal to a 
measure of counterparty credit risk exposure, such as peak EAD, that is 
more conservative than an alpha of 1.4 (or higher under the terms of 
paragraph (d)(7)(iv)(C) of this section) times the larger of 
EPEunstressed and EPEstressed for every 
counterparty whose EAD will be measured under the alternative measure 
of counterparty exposure. The [BANK] must demonstrate the conservatism 
of the measure of counterparty credit risk exposure used for EAD.
    (A) For material portfolios of new OTC derivative products, the 
[BANK] may assume that the current exposure methodology in paragraphs 
(c)(5) and (c)(6) of this section meets the conservatism requirement of 
this section for a period not to exceed 180 days.
    (B) For immaterial portfolios of OTC derivative contracts, the 
[BANK] generally may assume that the current exposure methodology in 
paragraphs (c)(5) and (c)(6) of this section meets the conservatism 
requirement of this section.
    (ii) To calculate risk-weighted assets under this approach, the 
[BANK] must insert the assigned risk parameters for each counterparty 
and netting set into the appropriate formula specified in Table 1 of 
Sec.  ----.131, multiply the output of the formula by the EAD for the 
exposure as specified above, and multiply by 12.5.
    (e) Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA) Risk-Weighted Assets. (1) In

[[Page 53018]]

general. With respect to its OTC derivative contracts, a [BANK] must 
calculate a CVA risk-weighted asset amount for each counterparty using 
the simple CVA approach described in paragraph (e)(5) of this section 
or, with prior written approval of the [AGENCY], the advanced CVA 
approach described in paragraph (e)(6) of this section. A [BANK] that 
receives prior [AGENCY] approval to calculate its CVA risk-weighted 
asset amounts for a class of counterparties using the advanced CVA 
approach must continue to use that approach for that class of 
counterparties until it notifies the [AGENCY] in writing that the 
[BANK] expects to begin calculating its CVA risk-weighted asset amount 
using the simple CVA approach. Such notice must include an explanation 
of the [BANK]'s rationale and the date upon which the [BANK] will begin 
to calculate its CVA risk-weighted asset amount using the simple CVA 
approach.
    (2) Market risk [BANK]s. Notwithstanding the prior approval 
requirement in paragraph (e)(1) of this section, a market risk [BANK] 
may calculate its CVA risk-weighted asset amount for a counterparty 
using the advanced CVA approach if the [BANK] has [AGENCY] approval to:
    (i) Determine EAD for OTC derivative contracts using the internal 
models methodology described in paragraph (d) of this section; and
    (ii) Determine its specific risk add-on for debt positions issued 
by the counterparty using a specific risk model described in Sec.  --
--.207(b) of subpart F of this part.
    (3) Recognition of Hedges. (i) A [BANK] may recognize a single name 
CDS, single name contingent CDS, any other equivalent hedging 
instrument that references the counterparty directly, and index credit 
default swaps (CDSind) as a CVA hedge under paragraph 
(e)(5)(ii) of this section or paragraph (e)(6) of this section, 
provided that the position is managed as a CVA hedge in accordance with 
the [BANK]'s hedging policies.
    (ii) A [BANK] shall not recognize as a CVA hedge any tranched or 
nth-to-default credit derivative.
    (4) Total CVA risk-weighted assets. Total CVA risk-weighted assets 
is the sum of the CVA capital requirement, KCVA, calculated 
for each of a [BANK]'s OTC derivative counterparties, multiplied by 
12.5.
    (5) Simple CVA approach. (i) Under the simple CVA approach, the CVA 
capital requirement, KCVA, is calculated according to the 
following formula:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.033


(A) wi = the weight applicable to counterparty i under 
Table 4;
(B) Mi = the EAD-weighted average of the effective 
maturity of each netting set with counterparty i (where each netting 
set's M can be no less than one year.)
(C) EADi \total\ = the sum of the EAD for all netting 
sets of OTC derivative contracts with counterparty i calculated 
using the current exposure methodology described in paragraph (c) of 
this section or the internal models methodology described in 
paragraph (d) of this section. When the [BANK] calculates EAD under 
paragraph (c) of this section, such EAD may be adjusted for purposes 
of calculating EADi \total\ by multiplying EAD by (1-
exp(-0.05 x Mi))/(0.05 x Mi).\2\ When the 
[BANK] calculates EAD under paragraph (d) of this section, 
EADi \total\ equals EADunstressed.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ The term ``exp'' is the exponential function.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

(D) Mi \hedge\ = the notional weighted average maturity 
of the hedge instrument.
(E) Bi = the sum of the notional amounts of any purchased 
single name CDS referencing counterparty i that is used to hedge CVA 
risk to counterparty i multiplied by (1-exp(-0.05 x Mi 
\hedge\))/(0.05 x Mi \hedge\).
(F) Mind = the maturity of the CDSind or the 
notional weighted average maturity of any CDSind 
purchased to hedge CVA risk of counterparty i.
(G) B ind = the notional amount of one or more 
CDSind purchased to hedge CVA risk for counterparty i 
multiplied by (1-exp(-0.05 x Mind))/(0.05 x 
Mind).
(H) wind = the weight applicable to the CDSind 
based on the average weight of the underlying reference names that 
comprise the index under Table 4.

    (ii) The [BANK] may treat the notional amount of the index 
attributable to a counterparty as a single name hedge of counterparty i 
(Bi,) when calculating KCVA, and subtract the 
notional amount of Bi from the notional amount of the 
CDSind. The [BANK] must calculate its capital requirement 
for the remaining notional amount of the CDSind as a stand 
alone position.

               Table 4--Assignment of Counterparty Weight
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Weight Wi (in
                Internal PD (in percent)                     percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
0.00-0.07...............................................            0.70
>0.070-0.15.............................................            0.80
>0.15-0.40..............................................            1.00
>0.40-2.00..............................................            2.00
>2.00-6.00..............................................            3.00
>6.00...................................................           10.00
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (6) Advanced CVA Approach. (i) A [BANK] may use the VaR model it 
uses to determine specific risk under Sec.  ----.207(b) or another VaR 
model that meets the quantitative requirements of Sec.  ----.205(b) and 
Sec.  ----.207(b)(1) to calculate its CVA capital requirement for a 
counterparty by modeling the impact of changes in the counterparty's 
credit spreads, together with any recognized CVA hedges, on the CVA for 
the counterparty.
    (A) The VaR model must incorporate only changes in the 
counterparty's credit spreads, not changes in other risk factors. It is 
not required that the VaR model capture jump-to-default risk.
    (B) A [BANK] that qualifies to use the advanced CVA approach must 
include in that approach any immaterial OTC derivative portfolios for 
which it uses the current exposure methodology in paragraph (c) of this 
section according to paragraph (e)(6)(viii) of this section.
    (C) A [BANK] must have the systems capability to calculate the CVA 
capital requirement for a counterparty on a daily basis (but is not 
required to calculate the CVA capital requirement on a daily basis).
    (ii) Under the advanced CVA approach, the CVA capital requirement, 
KCVA, is calculated according to the following formulas:

[[Page 53019]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.034

Where:

(A) ti = the time of the i-th revaluation time bucket 
starting from t0 = 0.
(B) tT = the longest contractual maturity across the OTC 
derivative contracts with the counterparty.
(C) si = the CDS spread for the counterparty at tenor 
ti used to calculate the CVA for the counterparty. If a 
CDS spread is not available, the [BANK] must use a proxy spread 
based on the credit quality, industry and region of the 
counterparty.
(D) LGDMKT = the loss given default of the counterparty 
based on the spread of a publicly-traded debt instrument of the 
counterparty, or, where a publicly-traded debt instrument spread is 
not available, a proxy spread based on the credit quality, industry, 
and region of the counterparty.
(E) EEi = the sum of the expected exposures for all 
netting sets with the counterparty at revaluation time 
ti, calculated above.
(F) Di = the risk-free discount factor at time 
ti, where D0 = 1.
    (G) Exp is the exponential function.

    (iii) A [BANK] must use the formulas in paragraph (e)(6)(iii)(A) or 
(e)(6)(iii)(B) of this section to calculate credit spread sensitivities 
if its VaR model is not based on full repricing.
    (A) If the VaR model is based on credit spread sensitivities for 
specific tenors, the [BANK] must calculate each credit spread 
sensitivity according to the following formula:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.138

    (B) If the VaR model uses credit spread sensitivities to parallel 
shifts in credit spreads, the [BANK] must calculate each credit spread 
sensitivity according to the following formula:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ For the final time bucket, i = T.
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.139
    
    (iv) To calculate the CVAUnstressedVaR measure for 
purposes of paragraph (e)(6)(ii) of this section, the [BANK] must:
    (A) Use the EEi calculated using the calibration of 
paragraph (d)(3)(vii) of this section, except as provided in Sec.  --
--.132 (e)(6)(vi), and
    (B) Use the historical observation period required under Sec.  --
--.205(b)(2) of subpart F.
    (v) To calculate the CVAStressedVaR measure for purposes 
of paragraph (e)(6)(ii) of this section, the [BANK] must:
    (A) Use the EEi calculated using the stress calibration 
in paragraph (d)(3)(viii) of this section except as provided in Sec.  
----.132(e)(6)(vi) of this section.
    (B) Calibrate VaR model inputs to historical data from the most 
severe twelve-month stress period contained within the three-year 
stress period used to calculate EEi. The [AGENCY] may 
require a [BANK] to use a different period of significant financial 
stress in the calculation of the CVAStressedVaR measure.
    (vi) If a [BANK] captures the effect of a collateral agreement on 
EAD using the method described in paragraph (d)(5)(ii) of this section, 
for purposes of paragraph (e)(6)(ii) of this section, the [BANK] must 
calculate EEi using the method in paragraph (d)(5)(ii) of 
this section and keep that EE constant with the maturity equal to the 
maximum of:
    (A) Half of the longest maturity of a transaction in the netting 
set, and
    (B) The notional weighted average maturity of all transactions in 
the netting set.
    (vii) The [BANK]'s VaR model must capture the basis between the 
spreads of any CDSind that is used as the hedging instrument 
and the hedged counterparty exposure over various time periods, 
including benign and stressed

[[Page 53020]]

environments. If the VaR model does not capture that basis, the [BANK] 
must reflect only 50 percent of the notional amount of the 
CDSind hedge in the VaR model. The remaining 50 percent of 
the notional amount of the CDSind hedge is a covered 
position under subpart F.
    (viii) If a [BANK] uses the current exposure methodology described 
in paragraphs (c)(5) and (c)(6) of this section to calculate the EAD 
for any immaterial portfolios of OTC derivative contracts, the [BANK] 
must use that EAD as a constant EE in the formula for the calculation 
of CVA with the maturity equal to the maximum of:
    (A) Half of the longest maturity of a transaction in the netting 
set, and
    (B) The notional weighted average maturity of all transactions in 
the netting set.


Sec.  ----.133  Cleared transactions.

    (a) General requirements. (1) A [BANK] that is a clearing member 
client must use the methodologies set forth in paragraph (b) of this 
section to calculate risk-weighted assets for a cleared transaction.
    (2) A [BANK] that is a clearing member must use the methodologies 
set forth in paragraph (c) of this section to calculate its risk-
weighted assets for cleared transactions and paragraph (d) of this 
section to calculate its risk-weighted assets for its default fund 
contribution to a CCP.
    (b) Clearing member client [BANK]s. (1) Risk-weighted assets for 
cleared transactions.
    (i) To determine the risk-weighted asset amount for a cleared 
transaction, a clearing member client [BANK] must multiply the trade 
exposure amount for the cleared transaction, calculated in accordance 
with paragraph (b)(2) of this section, by the risk weight appropriate 
for the cleared transaction, determined in accordance with paragraph 
(b)(3) of this section .
    (ii) A clearing member client [BANK]'s total risk-weighted assets 
for cleared transactions is the sum of the risk-weighted asset amounts 
for all of its cleared transactions.
    (2) Trade exposure amount. (i) For a cleared transaction that is a 
derivative contract or netting set of derivative contracts, trade 
exposure amount equals the EAD for the derivative contract or netting 
set calculated using the methodology used to calculate EAD for OTC 
derivative contracts set forth in Sec.  ----.132(c) or Sec.  --
--.132(d), plus the fair value of the collateral posted by the clearing 
member client [BANK] and held by the CCP or a clearing member in a 
manner that is not bankruptcy remote. When the [BANK] calculates EAD 
for the cleared transaction using the methodology in Sec.  ----.132(d), 
EAD equals EADunstressed.
    (ii) For a cleared transaction that is a repo-style transaction, 
trade exposure amount equals the EAD for the repo-style transaction 
calculated using the methodology set forth in Sec.  ----.132(b)(2), 
(b)(3), or (d), plus the fair value of the collateral posted by the 
clearing member client [BANK] and held by the CCP or a clearing member 
in a manner that is not bankruptcy remote. When the [BANK] calculates 
EAD for the cleared transaction under Sec.  ----.132(d), EAD equals 
EADunstressed.
    (3) Cleared transaction risk weights. (i) For a cleared transaction 
with a QCCP, a clearing member client [BANK] must apply a risk weight 
of:
    (A) Two percent if the collateral posted by the [BANK] to the QCCP 
or clearing member is subject to an arrangement that prevents any loss 
to the clearing member client [BANK] due to the joint default or a 
concurrent insolvency, liquidation, or receivership proceeding of the 
clearing member and any other clients of the clearing member; and the 
clearing member client [BANK] has conducted sufficient legal review to 
conclude with a well-founded basis (and maintains sufficient written 
documentation of that legal review) that in the event of a legal 
challenge (including one resulting from default or from liquidation, 
insolvency, receivership or similar proceeding) the relevant court and 
administrative authorities would find the arrangements to be legal, 
valid, binding and enforceable under the law of the relevant 
jurisdictions.
    (B) Four percent, if the requirements of Sec.  ----.132(b)(3)(i)(A) 
are not met.
    (ii) For a cleared transaction with a CCP that is not a QCCP, a 
clearing member client [BANK] must apply the risk weight applicable to 
the CCP under Sec.  ----.32.
    (iii) Notwithstanding any other requirement of this section, 
collateral posted by a clearing member client [BANK] that is held by a 
custodian in a manner that is bankruptcy remote from the CCP, clearing 
member, and other clearing member clients of the clearing member, is 
not subject to a capital requirement under this section. A [BANK] must 
calculate a risk-weighted asset amount for any collateral provided to a 
CCP, clearing member or a custodian in connection with a cleared 
transaction according to Sec.  ----.131.
    (c) Clearing member banks. (1) Risk-weighted assets for cleared 
transactions. (i) To determine the risk-weighted asset amount for a 
cleared transaction, a clearing member [BANK] must multiply the trade 
exposure amount for the cleared transaction, calculated in accordance 
with paragraph (c)(2) of this section by the risk weight appropriate 
for the cleared transaction, determined in accordance with paragraph 
(c)(3) of this section.
    (ii) A clearing member [BANK]'s total risk-weighted assets for 
cleared transactions is the sum of the risk-weighted asset amounts for 
all of its cleared transactions.
    (2) Trade exposure amount. A clearing member [BANK] must calculate 
its trade exposure amount for a cleared transaction as follows:
    (i) For a cleared transaction that is a derivative contract, trade 
exposure amount equals the EAD calculated using the methodology used to 
calculate EAD for OTC derivative contracts set forth in Sec.  --
--.132(c) or Sec.  ----.132(d), plus the fair value of the collateral 
posted by the [BANK] and held by the CCP in a manner that is not 
bankruptcy remote. When the [BANK] calculates EAD for the cleared 
transaction using the methodology in Sec.  ----.132(d), EAD equals 
EADunstressed.
    (ii) For a cleared transaction that is a repo-style transaction, 
trade exposure amount equals the EAD calculated under sections Sec.  --
--.132(b)(2), Sec.  ----.132(b)(3), or Sec.  ----.132(d), plus the fair 
value of the collateral posted by the clearing member [BANK] and held 
by the CCP in a manner that is not bankruptcy remote. When the [BANK] 
calculates EAD for the cleared transaction under Sec.  ----.132(d), EAD 
equals EADunstressed.
    (3) Cleared transaction risk weights. (i) For a cleared transaction 
with a QCCP, a clearing member [BANK] must apply a risk weight of 2 
percent.
    (ii) For a cleared transaction with a CCP that is not a QCCP, a 
clearing member [BANK] must apply the risk weight applicable to the CCP 
according to Sec.  ----.32 of subpart D of this part.
    (iii) Notwithstanding any other requirement of this section, 
collateral posted by a clearing member [BANK] that is held by a 
custodian in a manner that is bankruptcy remote from the CCP is not 
subject to a capital requirement under this section. A [BANK] must 
calculate a risk-weighted asset amount for any collateral provided to a 
CCP or a custodian in connection with a cleared transaction according 
to Sec.  ----.131.
    (d) Default fund contributions. (1) General requirement. A clearing 
member [BANK] must determine the risk-weighted asset amount for a 
default fund contribution to a CCP at least quarterly, or more 
frequently if there is a material change in the financial condition of 
the CCP.

[[Page 53021]]

    (2) Risk-weighted asset amount for default fund contributions to 
non-qualifying CCPs. A clearing member [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset 
amount for default fund contributions to CCPs that are not QCCPs equals 
the sum of such default fund contributions multiplied by 1,250 percent.
    (3) Risk-weighted asset amount for default fund contributions to 
QCCPs. A clearing member [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset amount for 
default fund contributions to QCCPs equals the sum of its capital 
requirement, KCM for each QCCP, as calculated under this 
paragraph (d)(3), multiplied by 1,250 percent.
    (i) The hypothetical capital requirement of a QCCP (KCCP) equals:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.040
    
Where:

(A) EBRMi = the EAD for each transaction cleared through 
the QCCP by clearing member i, calculated using the methodology used 
to calculate EAD for OTC derivative contracts set forth in Sec.  --
--.132(c)(5) and Sec.  ----.132.(c)(6) or the methodology used to 
calculate EAD for repo-style transactions set forth in Sec.  --
--.132(b)(2) for repo-style transactions, provided that:
(1) For purposes of this section, when calculating the EAD, the 
[BANK] may replace the formula provided in Sec.  ----.132 (c)(6)(ii) 
with the following formula:

Anet = (0.3 x Agross) + (0.7 x NGR x Agross); 
or
(2) If the [BANK] cannot calculate NGR, it may use a value of 0.30 
until March 31, 2013; and
(3) For cleared transactions that are option derivative contracts, 
the PFE set forth in Sec.  ----.132(c)(5) must be adjusted by 
multiplying the notional principal amount of the derivative contract 
by the appropriate conversion factor in Table 3 and the absolute 
value of the option's delta, that is, the ratio of the change in the 
value of the derivative contract to the corresponding change in the 
price of the underlying asset.
(B) VMi = any collateral posted by clearing member i to 
the QCCP that it is entitled to receive from the QCCP but has not 
yet received, and any collateral that the QCCP is entitled to 
receive from clearing member i but has not yet received;
(C) IMi = the collateral posted as initial margin by 
clearing member i to the QCCP;
(D) DFi = the funded portion of clearing member i's 
default fund contribution that will be applied to reduce the QCCP's 
loss upon a default by clearing member i; and
(E) RW = 20 percent, except when the [AGENCY] has determined that a 
higher risk weight is more appropriate based on the specific 
characteristics of the QCCP and its clearing members.

    (ii) For a [BANK] that is a clearing member of a QCCP with a 
default fund supported by funded commitments, KCM equals:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.041

Where:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.042

Subscripts 1 and 2 denote the clearing members with the two largest 
ANet values. For purposes of this section, for cleared 
transactions that are derivatives, ANet is defined using 
the definition set forth in Sec.  ----.132(c)(6)(ii) and for cleared 
transactions that are repo-style transactions, ANet is 
the EAD equation max {0, [([sum]E-[sum]C) + [sum](Es x 
Hs) + [sum](Efx]{time}  from Sec.  ----.132(b)(2(i));
(B) N = the number of clearing members in the QCCP;
(C) DFCCP = the QCCP's own funds and other financial 
resources that would be used to cover its losses before clearing 
members' default fund contributions are used to cover losses;
(D) DFCM = Funded default fund contributions from all 
clearing members and any other clearing member contributed financial 
resources that are available to absorb mutualized QCCP losses;
(E) DF = DFCCP + DFCM (that is, the total 
funded default fund contribution);

[[Page 53022]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.043

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.044

(J) c2 = 100 percent; and
(K) [mu]= 1.2;

    (iii) For a [BANK] that is a clearing member of a QCCP with a 
default fund supported by unfunded commitments, KCM equals:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.045

Where:

(A) DFi = the [BANK]'s unfunded commitment to the default 
fund;
(B) DFCM = the total of all clearing members' unfunded 
commitments to the default fund; and
(C) K*CM as defined in Sec.  ----.133(d)(3)(ii).

    (D) For a [BANK] that is a clearing member of a QCCP with a default 
fund supported by unfunded commitments and that is unable to calculate 
KCM using the methodology described above in this paragraph 
(d)(3)(iii), KCM equals:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.046

Where:

(1) IMi = the [BANK]'s initial margin posted to the QCCP;
(2) IMCM = the total of initial margin posted to the 
QCCP; and
(3) K*CM as defined above in this paragraph (d)(3)(iii).

    (iv) Total risk-weighted assets for default fund contributions. 
Total risk-weighted assets for default fund contributions is the sum of 
a clearing member [BANK]'s risk-weighted assets for all of its default 
fund contributions to all CCPs of which the [BANK] is a clearing 
member.


Sec.  ----.134   Guarantees and credit derivatives: PD substitution and 
LGD adjustment approaches.

    (a) Scope. (1) This section applies to wholesale exposures for 
which:
    (i) Credit risk is fully covered by an eligible guarantee or 
eligible credit derivative; or
    (ii) Credit risk is covered on a pro rata basis (that is, on a 
basis in which the [BANK] and the protection provider share losses 
proportionately) by an eligible guarantee or eligible credit 
derivative.
    (2) Wholesale exposures on which there is a tranching of credit 
risk (reflecting at least two different levels of seniority) are 
securitization exposures subject to Sec.  ----.141 through Sec.  --
--.145.
    (3) A [BANK] may elect to recognize the credit risk mitigation 
benefits of an eligible guarantee or eligible credit derivative 
covering an exposure described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section by 
using the PD substitution approach or the LGD adjustment approach in 
paragraph (c) of this section or, if the transaction qualifies, using 
the double default treatment in Sec.  ----.135. A [BANK]'s PD and LGD 
for the hedged exposure may not be lower than the PD and LGD floors 
described in Sec.  ----.131(d)(2) and (d)(3).
    (4) If multiple eligible guarantees or eligible credit derivatives 
cover a single exposure described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, 
a [BANK] may treat the hedged exposure as multiple separate exposures 
each covered by a single eligible guarantee or eligible credit

[[Page 53023]]

derivative and may calculate a separate risk-based capital requirement 
for each separate exposure as described paragraph (a)(3) of this 
section.
    (5) If a single eligible guarantee or eligible credit derivative 
covers multiple hedged wholesale exposures described in paragraph 
(a)(1) of this section, a [BANK] must treat each hedged exposure as 
covered by a separate eligible guarantee or eligible credit derivative 
and must calculate a separate risk-based capital requirement for each 
exposure as described in paragraph (a)(3) of this section.
    (6) A [BANK] must use the same risk parameters for calculating ECL 
as it uses for calculating the risk-based capital requirement for the 
exposure.
    (b) Rules of recognition. (1) A [BANK] may only recognize the 
credit risk mitigation benefits of eligible guarantees and eligible 
credit derivatives.
    (2) A [BANK] may only recognize the credit risk mitigation benefits 
of an eligible credit derivative to hedge an exposure that is different 
from the credit derivative's reference exposure used for determining 
the derivative's cash settlement value, deliverable obligation, or 
occurrence of a credit event if:
    (i) The reference exposure ranks pari passu (that is, equally) with 
or is junior to the hedged exposure; and
    (ii) The reference exposure and the hedged exposure are exposures 
to the same legal entity, and legally enforceable cross-default or 
cross-acceleration clauses are in place to assure payments under the 
credit derivative are triggered when the obligor fails to pay under the 
terms of the hedged exposure.
    (c) Risk parameters for hedged exposures.
    (1) PD substitution approach. (i) Full coverage. If an eligible 
guarantee or eligible credit derivative meets the conditions in 
paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section and the protection amount (P) of 
the guarantee or credit derivative is greater than or equal to the EAD 
of the hedged exposure, a [BANK] may recognize the guarantee or credit 
derivative in determining the [BANK]'s risk-based capital requirement 
for the hedged exposure by substituting the PD associated with the 
rating grade of the protection provider for the PD associated with the 
rating grade of the obligor in the risk-based capital formula 
applicable to the guarantee or credit derivative in Table 1 of Sec.  --
--.131 and using the appropriate LGD as described in paragraph 
(c)(1)(iii) of this section. If the [BANK] determines that full 
substitution of the protection provider's PD leads to an inappropriate 
degree of risk mitigation, the [BANK] may substitute a higher PD than 
that of the protection provider.
    (ii) Partial coverage. If an eligible guarantee or eligible credit 
derivative meets the conditions in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this 
section and P of the guarantee or credit derivative is less than the 
EAD of the hedged exposure, the [BANK] must treat the hedged exposure 
as two separate exposures (protected and unprotected) in order to 
recognize the credit risk mitigation benefit of the guarantee or credit 
derivative.
    (A) The [BANK] must calculate its risk-based capital requirement 
for the protected exposure under Sec.  ----.131, where PD is the 
protection provider's PD, LGD is determined under paragraph (c)(1)(iii) 
of this section, and EAD is P. If the [BANK] determines that full 
substitution leads to an inappropriate degree of risk mitigation, the 
[BANK] may use a higher PD than that of the protection provider.
    (B) The [BANK] must calculate its risk-based capital requirement 
for the unprotected exposure under Sec.  ----.131, where PD is the 
obligor's PD, LGD is the hedged exposure's LGD (not adjusted to reflect 
the guarantee or credit derivative), and EAD is the EAD of the original 
hedged exposure minus P.
    (C) The treatment in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) is applicable when the 
credit risk of a wholesale exposure is covered on a partial pro rata 
basis or when an adjustment is made to the effective notional amount of 
the guarantee or credit derivative under paragraphs (d), (e), or (f) of 
this section.
    (iii) LGD of hedged exposures. The LGD of a hedged exposure under 
the PD substitution approach is equal to:
    (A) The lower of the LGD of the hedged exposure (not adjusted to 
reflect the guarantee or credit derivative) and the LGD of the 
guarantee or credit derivative, if the guarantee or credit derivative 
provides the [BANK] with the option to receive immediate payout upon 
triggering the protection; or
    (B) The LGD of the guarantee or credit derivative, if the guarantee 
or credit derivative does not provide the [BANK] with the option to 
receive immediate payout upon triggering the protection.
    (2) LGD adjustment approach. (i) Full coverage. If an eligible 
guarantee or eligible credit derivative meets the conditions in 
paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section and the protection amount (P) of 
the guarantee or credit derivative is greater than or equal to the EAD 
of the hedged exposure, the [BANK]'s risk-based capital requirement for 
the hedged exposure is the greater of:
    (A) The risk-based capital requirement for the exposure as 
calculated under Sec.  ----.131, with the LGD of the exposure adjusted 
to reflect the guarantee or credit derivative; or
    (B) The risk-based capital requirement for a direct exposure to the 
protection provider as calculated under Sec.  ----.131, using the PD 
for the protection provider, the LGD for the guarantee or credit 
derivative, and an EAD equal to the EAD of the hedged exposure.
    (ii) Partial coverage. If an eligible guarantee or eligible credit 
derivative meets the conditions in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this 
section and the protection amount (P) of the guarantee or credit 
derivative is less than the EAD of the hedged exposure, the [BANK] must 
treat the hedged exposure as two separate exposures (protected and 
unprotected) in order to recognize the credit risk mitigation benefit 
of the guarantee or credit derivative.
    (A) The [BANK]'s risk-based capital requirement for the protected 
exposure would be the greater of:
    (1) The risk-based capital requirement for the protected exposure 
as calculated under Sec.  ----.131, with the LGD of the exposure 
adjusted to reflect the guarantee or credit derivative and EAD set 
equal to P; or
    (2) The risk-based capital requirement for a direct exposure to the 
guarantor as calculated under Sec.  ----.131, using the PD for the 
protection provider, the LGD for the guarantee or credit derivative, 
and an EAD set equal to P.
    (B) The [BANK] must calculate its risk-based capital requirement 
for the unprotected exposure under Sec.  ----.131, where PD is the 
obligor's PD, LGD is the hedged exposure's LGD (not adjusted to reflect 
the guarantee or credit derivative), and EAD is the EAD of the original 
hedged exposure minus P.
    (3) M of hedged exposures. The M of the hedged exposure is the same 
as the M of the exposure if it were unhedged.
    (d) Maturity mismatch. (1) A [BANK] that recognizes an eligible 
guarantee or eligible credit derivative in determining its risk-based 
capital requirement for a hedged exposure must adjust the effective 
notional amount of the credit risk mitigant to reflect any maturity 
mismatch between the hedged exposure and the credit risk mitigant.
    (2) A maturity mismatch occurs when the residual maturity of a 
credit risk mitigant is less than that of the hedged exposure(s).
    (3) The residual maturity of a hedged exposure is the longest 
possible remaining time before the obligor is scheduled to fulfil its 
obligation on the exposure. If a credit risk mitigant has embedded 
options that may reduce its term, the [BANK] (protection purchaser) 
must use the shortest possible residual

[[Page 53024]]

maturity for the credit risk mitigant. If a call is at the discretion 
of the protection provider, the residual maturity of the credit risk 
mitigant is at the first call date. If the call is at the discretion of 
the [BANK] (protection purchaser), but the terms of the arrangement at 
origination of the credit risk mitigant contain a positive incentive 
for the [BANK] to call the transaction before contractual maturity, the 
remaining time to the first call date is the residual maturity of the 
credit risk mitigant.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ For example, where there is a step-up in cost in conjunction 
with a call feature or where the effective cost of protection 
increases over time even if credit quality remains the same or 
improves, the residual maturity of the credit risk mitigant will be 
the remaining time to the first call.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (4) A credit risk mitigant with a maturity mismatch may be 
recognized only if its original maturity is greater than or equal to 
one year and its residual maturity is greater than three months.
    (5) When a maturity mismatch exists, the [BANK] must apply the 
following adjustment to the effective notional amount of the credit 
risk mitigant: Pm = E x (t - 0.25)/(T - 0.25), where:
    (i) Pm = effective notional amount of the credit risk 
mitigant, adjusted for maturity mismatch;
    (ii) E = effective notional amount of the credit risk mitigant;
    (iii) t = the lesser of T or the residual maturity of the credit 
risk mitigant, expressed in years; and
    (iv) T = the lesser of five or the residual maturity of the 
hedged exposure, expressed in years.
    (e) Credit derivatives without restructuring as a credit event. If 
a [BANK] recognizes an eligible credit derivative that does not include 
as a credit event a restructuring of the hedged exposure involving 
forgiveness or postponement of principal, interest, or fees that 
results in a credit loss event (that is, a charge-off, specific 
provision, or other similar debit to the profit and loss account), the 
[BANK] must apply the following adjustment to the effective notional 
amount of the credit derivative: Pr = Pm x 0.60, 
where:
    (1) Pr = effective notional amount of the credit risk 
mitigant, adjusted for lack of restructuring event (and maturity 
mismatch, if applicable); and
    (2) Pm = effective notional amount of the credit risk 
mitigant adjusted for maturity mismatch (if applicable).
    (f) Currency mismatch. (1) If a [BANK] recognizes an eligible 
guarantee or eligible credit derivative that is denominated in a 
currency different from that in which the hedged exposure is 
denominated, the [BANK] must apply the following formula to the 
effective notional amount of the guarantee or credit derivative: 
Pc = Pr x (1 - HFX), where:
    (i) Pc = effective notional amount of the credit risk 
mitigant, adjusted for currency mismatch (and maturity mismatch and 
lack of restructuring event, if applicable);
    (ii) Pr = effective notional amount of the credit 
risk mitigant (adjusted for maturity mismatch and lack of 
restructuring event, if applicable); and
    (iii) HFX = haircut appropriate for the currency 
mismatch between the credit risk mitigant and the hedged exposure.
    (2) A [BANK] must set HFX equal to 8 percent unless it 
qualifies for the use of and uses its own internal estimates of foreign 
exchange volatility based on a ten-business-day holding period and 
daily marking-to-market and remargining. A [BANK] qualifies for the use 
of its own internal estimates of foreign exchange volatility if it 
qualifies for:
    (i) The own-estimates haircuts in Sec.  ----.132(b)(2)(iii);
    (ii) The simple VaR methodology in Sec.  ----.132(b)(3); or
    (iii) The internal models methodology in Sec.  ----.132(d).
    (3) A [BANK] must adjust HFX calculated in paragraph 
(f)(2) of this section upward if the [BANK] revalues the guarantee or 
credit derivative less frequently than once every ten business days 
using the square root of time formula provided in Sec.  --
--.132(b)(2)(iii)(A)(2).


Sec.  ----.135  Guarantees and credit derivatives: Double default 
treatment.

    (a) Eligibility and operational criteria for double default 
treatment. A [BANK] may recognize the credit risk mitigation benefits 
of a guarantee or credit derivative covering an exposure described in 
Sec.  ----.134(a)(1) by applying the double default treatment in this 
section if all the following criteria are satisfied:
    (1) The hedged exposure is fully covered or covered on a pro rata 
basis by:
    (i) An eligible guarantee issued by an eligible double default 
guarantor; or
    (ii) An eligible credit derivative that meets the requirements of 
Sec.  ----.134(b)(2) and that is issued by an eligible double default 
guarantor.
    (2) The guarantee or credit derivative is:
    (i) An uncollateralized guarantee or uncollateralized credit 
derivative (for example, a credit default swap) that provides 
protection with respect to a single reference obligor; or
    (ii) An n\th\-to-default credit derivative (subject to the 
requirements of Sec.  ----.142(m).
    (3) The hedged exposure is a wholesale exposure (other than a 
sovereign exposure).
    (4) The obligor of the hedged exposure is not:
    (i) An eligible double default guarantor or an affiliate of an 
eligible double default guarantor; or
    (ii) An affiliate of the guarantor.
    (5) The [BANK] does not recognize any credit risk mitigation 
benefits of the guarantee or credit derivative for the hedged exposure 
other than through application of the double default treatment as 
provided in this section.
    (6) The [BANK] has implemented a process (which has received the 
prior, written approval of the [AGENCY]) to detect excessive 
correlation between the creditworthiness of the obligor of the hedged 
exposure and the protection provider. If excessive correlation is 
present, the [BANK] may not use the double default treatment for the 
hedged exposure.
    (b) Full coverage. If the transaction meets the criteria in 
paragraph (a) of this section.and the protection amount (P) of the 
guarantee or credit derivative is at least equal to the EAD of the 
hedged exposure, the [BANK] may determine its risk-weighted asset 
amount for the hedged exposure under paragraph (e) of this section.
    (c) Partial coverage. If the transaction meets the criteria in 
paragraph (a) of this section and the protection amount (P) of the 
guarantee or credit derivative is less than the EAD of the hedged 
exposure, the [BANK] must treat the hedged exposure as two separate 
exposures (protected and unprotected) in order to recognize double 
default treatment on the protected portion of the exposure.
    (1) For the protected exposure, the [BANK] must set EAD equal to P 
and calculate its risk-weighted asset amount as provided in paragraph 
(e) of this section.
    (2) For the unprotected exposure, the [BANK] must set EAD equal to 
the EAD of the original exposure minus P and then calculate its risk-
weighted asset amount as provided in Sec.  ----.131.
    (d) Mismatches. For any hedged exposure to which a [BANK] applies 
double default treatment, the [BANK] must make applicable adjustments 
to the protection amount as required in Sec.  ----.134(d), (e), and 
(f).
    (e) The double default dollar risk-based capital requirement. The 
dollar risk-based capital requirement for a hedged exposure to which a 
[BANK] has applied double default treatment is KDD 
multiplied by the EAD of the exposure. KDD is calculated 
according to the following formula: KDD = Ko x 
(0.15 + 160 x PDg),


[[Page 53025]]


Where:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.047

(2) PDg = PD of the protection provider.
(3) PDo = PD of the obligor of the hedged exposure.
(4) LGDg = (i) The lower of the LGD of the hedged 
exposure (not adjusted to reflect the guarantee or credit 
derivative) and the LGD of the guarantee or credit derivative, if 
the guarantee or credit derivative provides the [BANK] with the 
option to receive immediate payout on triggering the protection; or
(ii) The LGD of the guarantee or credit derivative, if the guarantee 
or credit derivative does not provide the [BANK] with the option to 
receive immediate payout on triggering the protection.
(5) [rho]os (asset value correlation of the obligor) is 
calculated according to the appropriate formula for (R) provided in 
Table 1 in Sec.  ----.131, with PD equal to PDo.
(6) b (maturity adjustment coefficient) is calculated according to 
the formula for b provided in Table 1 in Sec.  ----.131, with PD 
equal to the lesser of PDo and PDg.
(7) M (maturity) is the effective maturity of the guarantee or 
credit derivative, which may not be less than one year or greater 
than five years.


Sec.  ----.136  Unsettled transactions.

    (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section:
    (1) Delivery-versus-payment (DvP) transaction means a securities or 
commodities transaction in which the buyer is obligated to make payment 
only if the seller has made delivery of the securities or commodities 
and the seller is obligated to deliver the securities or commodities 
only if the buyer has made payment.
    (2) Payment-versus-payment (PvP) transaction means a foreign 
exchange transaction in which each counterparty is obligated to make a 
final transfer of one or more currencies only if the other counterparty 
has made a final transfer of one or more currencies.
    (3) Normal settlement period. A transaction has a normal settlement 
period if the contractual settlement period for the transaction is 
equal to or less than the market standard for the instrument underlying 
the transaction and equal to or less than five business days.
    (4) Positive current exposure. The positive current exposure of a 
[BANK] for a transaction is the difference between the transaction 
value at the agreed settlement price and the current market price of 
the transaction, if the difference results in a credit exposure of the 
[BANK] to the counterparty.
    (b) Scope. This section applies to all transactions involving 
securities, foreign exchange instruments, and commodities that have a 
risk of delayed settlement or delivery. This section does not apply to:
    (1) Cleared transactions that are subject to daily marking-to-
market and daily receipt and payment of variation margin;
    (2) Repo-style transactions, including unsettled repo-style 
transactions (which are addressed in Sec. Sec.  ----.131 and 132);
    (3) One-way cash payments on OTC derivative contracts (which are 
addressed in Sec. Sec.  ----.131 and 132); or
    (4) Transactions with a contractual settlement period that is 
longer than the normal settlement period (which are treated as OTC 
derivative contracts and addressed in Sec. Sec.  ----.131 and 132).
    (c) System-wide failures. In the case of a system-wide failure of a 
settlement or clearing system, or a central counterparty, the [AGENCY] 
may waive risk-based capital requirements for unsettled and failed 
transactions until the situation is rectified.
    (d) Delivery-versus-payment (DvP) and payment-versus-payment (PvP) 
transactions. A [BANK] must hold risk-based capital against any DvP or 
PvP transaction with a normal settlement period if the [BANK]'s 
counterparty has not made delivery or payment within five business days 
after the settlement date. The [BANK] must determine its risk-weighted 
asset amount for such a transaction by multiplying the positive current 
exposure of the transaction for the [BANK] by the appropriate risk 
weight in Table 5.

      Table 5--Risk Weights for Unsettled DvP and PvP Transactions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Risk weight
                                                           to be applied
                                                            to positive
Number of business days after contractual settlement date     current
                                                            exposure (in
                                                              percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
From 5 to 15.............................................          100
From 16 to 30............................................          625
From 31 to 45............................................          937.5
46 or more...............................................        1,250
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (e) Non-DvP/non-PvP (non-delivery-versus-payment/non-payment-
versus-payment) transactions. (1) A [BANK] must hold risk-based capital 
against any non-DvP/non-PvP transaction with a normal settlement period 
if the [BANK] has delivered cash, securities, commodities, or 
currencies to its counterparty but has not received its corresponding 
deliverables by the end of the same business day. The [BANK] must 
continue to hold risk-based capital against the transaction until the 
[BANK] has received its corresponding deliverables.
    (2) From the business day after the [BANK] has made its delivery 
until five business days after the counterparty delivery is due, the 
[BANK] must calculate its risk-based capital requirement for the 
transaction by treating the current market value of the deliverables 
owed to the [BANK] as a wholesale exposure.
    (i) A [BANK] may use a 45 percent LGD for the transaction rather 
than estimating LGD for the transaction provided the [BANK] uses the 45 
percent LGD for all transactions described in Sec.  ----.135(e)(1) and 
(e)(2).
    (ii) A [BANK] may use a 100 percent risk weight for the transaction 
provided the [BANK] uses this risk weight for all transactions 
described in sections 135(e)(1) and (e)(2).
    (3) If the [BANK] has not received its deliverables by the fifth 
business day after the counterparty delivery was due, the [BANK] must 
apply a 1,250 percent risk weight to the current market value of the 
deliverables owed to the [BANK].
    (f) Total risk-weighted assets for unsettled transactions. Total 
risk-weighted assets for unsettled transactions is the sum of the risk-

[[Page 53026]]

weighted asset amounts of all DvP, PvP, and non-DvP/non-PvP 
transactions.

RISK-WEIGHTED ASSETS FOR SECURITIZATION EXPOSURES


Sec.  ----.141  Operational criteria for recognizing the transfer of 
risk.

    (a) Operational criteria for traditional securitizations. A [BANK] 
that transfers exposures it has originated or purchased to a 
securitization SPE or other third party in connection with a 
traditional securitization may exclude the exposures from the 
calculation of its risk-weighted assets only if each of the conditions 
in this paragraph (a) is satisfied. A [BANK] that meets these 
conditions must hold risk-based capital against any securitization 
exposures it retains in connection with the securitization. A [BANK] 
that fails to meet these conditions must hold risk-based capital 
against the transferred exposures as if they had not been securitized 
and must deduct from common equity tier 1 capital any after-tax gain-
on-sale resulting from the transaction. The conditions are:
    (1) The exposures are not reported on the [BANK]'s balance sheet 
under GAAP;
    (2) The [BANK] has transferred to third parties credit risk 
associated with the underlying exposures;
    (3) Any clean-up calls relating to the securitization are eligible 
clean-up calls; and
    (4) The securitization does not:
    (i) Include one or more underlying exposures in which the borrower 
is permitted to vary the drawn amount within an agreed limit under a 
line of credit; and
    (ii) Contain an early amortization provision.
    (b) Operational criteria for synthetic securitizations. For 
synthetic securitizations, a [BANK] may recognize for risk-based 
capital purposes the use of a credit risk mitigant to hedge underlying 
exposures only if each of the conditions in this section is satisfied. 
A [BANK] that meets these conditions must hold risk-based capital 
against any credit risk of the exposures it retains in connection with 
the synthetic securitization. A [BANK] that fails to meet these 
conditions must hold risk-based capital against the underlying 
exposures as if they had not been synthetically securitized. The 
conditions are:
    (1) The credit risk mitigant is financial collateral, an eligible 
credit derivative from an eligible guarantor or an eligible guarantee 
from an eligible guarantor;
    (2) The [BANK] transfers credit risk associated with the underlying 
exposures to third parties, and the terms and conditions in the credit 
risk mitigants employed do not include provisions that:
    (i) Allow for the termination of the credit protection due to 
deterioration in the credit quality of the underlying exposures;
    (ii) Require the [BANK] to alter or replace the underlying 
exposures to improve the credit quality of the pool of underlying 
exposures;
    (iii) Increase the [BANK]'s cost of credit protection in response 
to deterioration in the credit quality of the underlying exposures;
    (iv) Increase the yield payable to parties other than the [BANK] in 
response to a deterioration in the credit quality of the underlying 
exposures; or
    (v) Provide for increases in a retained first loss position or 
credit enhancement provided by the [BANK] after the inception of the 
securitization;
    (3) The [BANK] obtains a well-reasoned opinion from legal counsel 
that confirms the enforceability of the credit risk mitigant in all 
relevant jurisdictions; and
    (4) Any clean-up calls relating to the securitization are eligible 
clean-up calls.
    (c) Due diligence requirements for securitization exposures. (1) 
Except for exposures that are deducted from common equity tier 1 
capital and exposures subject to Sec.  ----.142(k), if a [BANK] is 
unable to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the [AGENCY] a 
comprehensive understanding of a feature of a securitization exposure 
that would materially affect the performance of the position, the 
[BANK] must assign a 1,250 percent risk weight to the securitization 
exposure. The [BANK]'s analysis must be commensurate with the 
complexity of the securitization exposure and the materiality of the 
position in relation to capital.
    (2) A [BANK] must demonstrate its comprehensive understanding of a 
securitization exposure under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, for 
each securitization exposure by:
    (i) Conduct an analysis of the risk characteristics of a 
securitization exposure prior to acquiring the exposure and document 
such analysis within three business days after acquiring the exposure, 
considering:
    (A) Structural features of the securitization that would materially 
impact the performance of the exposure, for example, the contractual 
cash flow waterfall, waterfall-related triggers, credit enhancements, 
liquidity enhancements, market value triggers, the performance of 
organizations that service the position, and deal-specific definitions 
of default;
    (B) Relevant information regarding the performance of the 
underlying credit exposure(s), for example, the percentage of loans 30, 
60, and 90 days past due; default rates; prepayment rates; loans in 
foreclosure; property types; occupancy; average credit score or other 
measures of creditworthiness; average loan-to-value ratio; and industry 
and geographic diversification data on the underlying exposure(s);
    (C) Relevant market data of the securitization, for example, bid-
ask spreads, most recent sales price and historical price volatility, 
trading volume, implied market rating, and size, depth and 
concentration level of the market for the securitization; and
    (D) For resecuritization exposures--
    (1) Performance information on the underlying securitization 
exposures, for example, the issuer name and credit quality, and the 
characteristics and performance of the exposures underlying the 
securitization exposures; and
    (2) On an on-going basis (no less frequently than quarterly), 
evaluate, review, and update as appropriate the analysis required under 
this section for each securitization exposure.


Sec.  ----.142  Risk-weighted assets for securitization exposures.

    (a) Hierarchy of approaches. Except as provided elsewhere in this 
section and in Sec.  ----.141:
    (1) A [BANK] must deduct from common equity tier 1 capital any 
after-tax gain-on-sale resulting from a securitization and must apply a 
1,250 percent risk weight to the portion of any CEIO that does not 
constitute after tax gain-on-sale.
    (2) If a securitization exposure does not require deduction or a 
1,250 percent risk weight under paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the 
[BANK] must apply the supervisory formula approach in Sec.  ----.143 to 
the exposure if the [BANK] and the exposure qualify for the supervisory 
formula approach according to Sec.  ----.143(a).
    (3) If a securitization exposure does not require deduction or a 
1,250 percent risk weight under paragraph (a)(1) of this section and 
does not qualify for the supervisory formula approach, the [BANK] may 
apply the simplified supervisory formula approach under Sec.  ----.144.
    (4) If a securitization exposure does not require deduction or a 
1,250 percent risk weight under paragraph (a)(1) of this section, does 
not qualify for the supervisory formula approach, and the [BANK] does 
not apply the simplified supervisory formula approach, the

[[Page 53027]]

[BANK] must apply a 1,250 percent risk weight to the exposure.
    (5) If a securitization exposure is a derivative contract (other 
than a credit derivative) that has a first priority claim on the cash 
flows from the underlying exposures (notwithstanding amounts due under 
interest rate or currency derivative contracts, fees due, or other 
similar payments), with approval of the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may choose 
to set the risk-weighted asset amount of the exposure equal to the 
amount of the exposure as determined in paragraph (e) of this section 
rather than apply the hierarchy of approaches described in paragraphs 
(a)(1) through (4) of this section.
    (b) Total risk-weighted assets for securitization exposures. A 
[BANK]'s total risk-weighted assets for securitization exposures is 
equal to the sum of its risk-weighted assets calculated using 
Sec. Sec.  ----.142 through 146.
    (c) Deductions. A [BANK] may calculate any deduction from common 
equity tier 1 capital for a securitization exposure net of any DTLs 
associated with the securitization exposure.
    (d) Maximum risk-based capital requirement. Except as provided in 
Sec.  ----.141(c), unless one or more underlying exposures does not 
meet the definition of a wholesale, retail, securitization, or equity 
exposure, the total risk-based capital requirement for all 
securitization exposures held by a single [BANK] associated with a 
single securitization (excluding any risk-based capital requirements 
that relate to the [BANK]'s gain-on-sale or CEIOs associated with the 
securitization) may not exceed the sum of:
    (1) The [BANK]'s total risk-based capital requirement for the 
underlying exposures calculated under this subpart as if the [BANK] 
directly held the underlying exposures; and
    (2) The total ECL of the underlying exposures calculated under this 
subpart.
    (e) Amount of a securitization exposure. (1) The amount of an on-
balance sheet securitization exposure that is not a repo-style 
transaction, eligible margin loan, or OTC derivative contract (other 
than a credit derivative) is the [BANK]'s carrying value.
    (2) The amount of an off-balance sheet securitization exposure that 
is not an OTC derivative contract or cleared transaction (other than a 
credit derivative) is the notional amount of the exposure. For an off-
balance-sheet securitization exposure to an ABCP program, such as an 
eligible ABCP liquidity facility, the notional amount may be reduced to 
the maximum potential amount that the [BANK] could be required to fund 
given the ABCP program's current underlying assets (calculated without 
regard to the current credit quality of those assets).
    (3) The amount of a securitization exposure that is a repo-style 
transaction, eligible margin loan, or OTC derivative contract or 
cleared transaction (other than a credit derivative) is the EAD of the 
exposure as calculated in Sec.  ----.132 or Sec.  ----.133.
    (f) Overlapping exposures. If a [BANK] has multiple securitization 
exposures that provide duplicative coverage of the underlying exposures 
of a securitization (such as when a [BANK] provides a program-wide 
credit enhancement and multiple pool-specific liquidity facilities to 
an ABCP program), the [BANK] is not required to hold duplicative risk-
based capital against the overlapping position. Instead, the [BANK] may 
assign to the overlapping securitization exposure the applicable risk-
based capital treatment that results in the highest risk-based capital 
requirement.
    (g) Securitizations of non-IRB exposures. Except as provided in 
Sec.  ----.141(c), if a [BANK] has a securitization exposure where any 
underlying exposure is not a wholesale exposure, retail exposure, 
securitization exposure, or equity exposure, the [BANK]:
    (1) Must deduct from common equity tier 1 capital any after-tax 
gain-on-sale resulting from the securitization and apply a 1,250 
percent risk weight to the portion of any CEIO that does not constitute 
gain-on-sale, if the [BANK] is an originating [BANK];
    (2) May apply the simplified supervisory formula approach in Sec.  
----.144 to the exposure, if the securitization exposure does not 
require deduction or a 1,250 percent risk weight under paragraph (g)(1) 
of this section;
    (3) Must assign a 1,250 percent risk weight to the exposure if the 
securitization exposure does not require deduction or a 1,250 percent 
risk weight under paragraph (g)(1) of this section, does not qualify 
for the supervisory formula approach, and the [BANK] does not apply the 
simplified supervisory formula approach to the exposure.
    (h) Implicit support. If a [BANK] provides support to a 
securitization in excess of the [BANK]'s contractual obligation to 
provide credit support to the securitization (implicit support):
    (1) The [BANK] must calculate a risk-weighted asset amount for 
underlying exposures associated with the securitization as if the 
exposures had not been securitized and must deduct from common equity 
tier 1 capital any after-tax gain-on-sale resulting from the 
securitization; and
    (2) The [BANK] must disclose publicly:
    (i) That it has provided implicit support to the securitization; 
and
    (ii) The regulatory capital impact to the [BANK] of providing such 
implicit support.
    (i) Eligible servicer cash advance facilities. Regardless of any 
other provisions of subpart E, a [BANK] is not required to hold risk-
based capital against the undrawn portion of an eligible servicer cash 
advance facility.
    (j) Interest-only mortgage-backed securities. Except as provided in 
Sec.  ----.141(c), the risk weight for a non-credit-enhancing interest-
only mortgage-backed security may not be less than 100 percent.
    (k) Small-business loans and leases on personal property 
transferred with recourse. (1) Notwithstanding any other provisions of 
this subpart E, a [BANK] that has transferred small-business loans and 
leases on personal property (small-business obligations) with recourse 
must include in risk-weighted assets only the contractual amount of 
retained recourse if all the following conditions are met:
    (i) The transaction is a sale under GAAP.
    (ii) The [BANK] establishes and maintains, pursuant to GAAP, a non-
capital reserve sufficient to meet the [BANK]'s reasonably estimated 
liability under the recourse arrangement.
    (iii) The loans and leases are to businesses that meet the criteria 
for a small-business concern established by the Small Business 
Administration under section 3(a) of the Small Business Act.
    (iv) The [BANK] is well capitalized, as defined in[the [AGENCY]'s 
[prompt corrective action regulation]--12 CFR part 6 (for national 
banks), 12 CFR part 208, subpart D (for state member banks or bank 
holding companies), 12 CFR part 325, subpart B (for state nonmember 
banks), and 12 CFR part 165 (for savings associations)]. For purposes 
of determining whether a [BANK] is well capitalized for purposes of 
this paragraph, the [BANK]'s capital ratios must be calculated without 
regard to the capital treatment for transfers of small-business 
obligations with recourse specified in paragraph (k)(1) of this 
section.
    (2) The total outstanding amount of recourse retained by a [BANK] 
on transfers of small-business obligations receiving the capital 
treatment specified in paragraph (k)(1) of this section cannot exceed 
15 percent of the [BANK]'s total capital.

[[Page 53028]]

    (3) If a [BANK] ceases to be well capitalized or exceeds the 15 
percent capital limitation, the preferential capital treatment 
specified in paragraph (k)(1) of this section will continue to apply to 
any transfers of small-business obligations with recourse that occurred 
during the time that the [BANK] was well capitalized and did not exceed 
the capital limit.
    (4) The risk-based capital ratios of the [BANK] must be calculated 
without regard to the capital treatment for transfers of small-business 
obligations with recourse specified in paragraph (k)(1) of this section 
.
    (l) Nth-to-default credit derivatives. (1) Protection provider. A 
[BANK] must determine a risk weight using the SFA or the SSFA for an 
nth-to-default credit derivative in accordance with this paragraph. In 
the case of credit protection sold, a [BANK] must determine its 
exposure in the nth-to-default credit derivative as the largest 
notional dollar amount of all the underlying exposures
    (2) For purposes of determining the risk weight for an nth-to-
default credit derivative using the SFA or the SSFA, the [BANK] must 
calculate the attachment point and detachment point of its exposure as 
follows:
    (i) The attachment point (parameter A) is the ratio of the sum of 
the notional amounts of all underlying exposures that are subordinated 
to the [BANK]'s exposure to the total notional amount of all underlying 
exposures. For purposes of using the SFA to calculate the risk weight 
for its exposure in an nth-to-default credit derivative, parameter A 
must be set equal to the credit enhancement level (L) input to the SFA 
formula. In the case of a first-to-default credit derivative, there are 
no underlying exposures that are subordinated to the [BANK]'s exposure. 
In the case of a second-or-subsequent-to-default credit derivative, the 
smallest (n-1) risk-weighted asset amounts of the underlying 
exposure(s) are subordinated to the [BANK]'s exposure.
    (ii) The detachment point (parameter D) equals the sum of parameter 
A plus the ratio of the notional amount of the [BANK]'s exposure in the 
nth-to-default credit derivative to the total notional amount of all 
underlying exposures. For purposes of using the SFA to calculate the 
risk weight for its exposure in an nth-to-default credit derivative, 
parameter D must be set to equal L plus the thickness of tranche T 
input to the SFA formula.
    (3) A [BANK] that does not use the SFA or the SSFA to determine a 
risk weight for its exposure in an nth-to-default credit derivative 
must assign a risk weight of 1,250 percent to the exposure.
    (4) Protection purchaser. (i) First-to-default credit derivatives. 
A [BANK] that obtains credit protection on a group of underlying 
exposures through a first-to-default credit derivative that meets the 
rules of recognition of Sec.  ----.134(b) must determine its risk-based 
capital requirement for the underlying exposures as if the [BANK] 
synthetically securitized the underlying exposure with the lowest risk-
based capital requirement and had obtained no credit risk mitigant on 
the other underlying exposures. A [BANK] must calculate a risk-based 
capital requirement for counterparty credit risk according to Sec.  --
--.132 for a first-to-default credit derivative that does not meet the 
rules of recognition of Sec.  ----.134(b).
    (ii) Second-or-subsequent-to-default credit derivatives. (A) A 
[BANK] that obtains credit protection on a group of underlying 
exposures through a nth -to-default credit derivative that meets the 
rules of recognition of Sec.  ----.134(b) (other than a first-to-
default credit derivative) may recognize the credit risk mitigation 
benefits of the derivative only if:
    (1) The [BANK] also has obtained credit protection on the same 
underlying exposures in the form of first-through-(n-1)-to-default 
credit derivatives; or
    (2) If n-1 of the underlying exposures have already defaulted.
    (B) If a [BANK] satisfies the requirements of paragraph 
(l)(3)(ii)(A) of this section, the [BANK] must determine its risk-based 
capital requirement for the underlying exposures as if the bank had 
only synthetically securitized the underlying exposure with the nth 
lowest risk-based capital requirement and had obtained no credit risk 
mitigant on the other underlying exposures.
    (C) A [BANK] must calculate a risk-based capital requirement for 
counterparty credit risk according to Sec.  ----.132 for a nth-to-
default credit derivative that does not meet the rules of recognition 
of Sec.  ----.134(b).
    (m) Guarantees and credit derivatives other than nth-to-default 
credit derivatives. (1) Protection provider. For a guarantee or credit 
derivative (other than an nth-to-default credit derivative) provided by 
a [BANK] that covers the full amount or a pro rata share of a 
securitization exposure's principal and interest, the [BANK] must risk 
weight the guarantee or credit derivative as if it holds the portion of 
the reference exposure covered by the guarantee or credit derivative.
    (2) Protection purchaser. (i) If a [BANK] chooses (and is able) to 
recognize a guarantee or credit derivative (other than an nth-to-
default credit derivative) that references a securitization exposure as 
a credit risk mitigant, where applicable, the [BANK] must apply Sec.  
----.145.
    (ii) If a [BANK] cannot, or chooses not to, recognize a credit 
derivative that references a securitization exposure as a credit risk 
mitigant under Sec.  ----.145, the [BANK] must determine its capital 
requirement only for counterparty credit risk in accordance with Sec.  
----.131.


Sec.  ----.143   Supervisory formula approach (SFA).

    (a) Eligibility requirements. A [BANK] must use the SFA to 
determine its risk-weighted asset amount for a securitization exposure 
if the [BANK] can calculate on an ongoing basis each of the SFA 
parameters in paragraph (e) of this section.
    (b) Mechanics. The risk-weighted asset amount for the 
securitization exposure equals the SFA risk-based capital requirement 
for the exposure multiplied by 12.5.
    (c) The SFA risk-based capital requirement. (1) If KIRB 
is greater than or equal to L + T, the capital requirement equals the 
exposure amount.
    (2) If KIRB is less than or equal to L, the exposure's 
SFA risk-based capital requirement is UE multiplied by TP multiplied by 
the greater of:
    (i) F x T (where F is 0.016 for all securitization exposures); or
    (ii) S[L + + T] - S[L].
    (3) If KIRB is greater than L and less than L + T, the 
[BANK] must apply a 1,250 percent risk weight to an amount equal to UE 
* TP * (KIRB - L), and the exposure's SFA risk-based capital 
requirement is UE multiplied by TP multiplied by the greater of:
    (i) F x (T - (KIRB - L) (where F is 0.016for all other 
securitization exposures); or
    (ii) S[L + + T] - S[KIRB].
    (d) The supervisory formula:

[[Page 53029]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.048

    (11) In these expressions, [beta][Y; a, b] refers to the cumulative 
beta distribution with parameters a and b evaluated at Y. In the case 
where N = 1 and EWALGD = 100 percent, S[Y] in formula (1) must be 
calculated with K[Y] set equal to the product of KIRB and Y, 
and d set equal to 1 - KIRB.
    (e) SFA parameters. (1) Amount of the underlying exposures (UE). UE 
is the EAD of any underlying exposures that are wholesale and retail 
exposures (including the amount of any funded spread accounts, cash 
collateral accounts, and other similar funded credit enhancements) plus 
the amount of any underlying exposures that are securitization 
exposures (as defined in Sec.  ----.142(e)) plus the adjusted carrying 
value of any underlying exposures that are equity exposures (as defined 
in Sec.  ----.151(b)).
    (2) Tranche percentage (TP). TP is the ratio of the amount of the 
[BANK]'s securitization exposure to the amount of the tranche that 
contains the securitization exposure.
    (3) Capital requirement on underlying exposures (KIRB).
    (i) KIRB is the ratio of:
    (A) The sum of the risk-based capital requirements for the 
underlying exposures plus the expected credit losses of the underlying 
exposures (as determined under this subpart E as if the underlying 
exposures were directly held by the [BANK]); to
    (B) UE.
    (ii) The calculation of KIRB must reflect the effects of 
any credit risk mitigant applied to the underlying exposures (either to 
an individual underlying exposure, to a group of underlying exposures, 
or to the entire pool of underlying exposures).
    (iii) All assets related to the securitization are treated as 
underlying exposures, including assets in a reserve account (such as a 
cash collateral account).
    (4) Credit enhancement level (L). (i) L is the ratio of:
    (A) The amount of all securitization exposures subordinated to the 
tranche that contains the [BANK]'s securitization exposure; to
    (B) UE.
    (ii) A [BANK] must determine L before considering the effects of 
any tranche-specific credit enhancements.
    (iii) Any gain-on-sale or CEIO associated with the securitization 
may not be included in L.
    (iv) Any reserve account funded by accumulated cash flows from the 
underlying exposures that is subordinated to the tranche that contains 
the [BANK]'s securitization exposure may be included in the numerator 
and denominator of L to the extent cash has accumulated in the account. 
Unfunded reserve accounts (that is, reserve accounts that are to be 
funded from future cash flows from the underlying exposures) may not be 
included in the calculation of L.
    (v) In some cases, the purchase price of receivables will reflect a 
discount that provides credit enhancement (for example, first loss 
protection) for all or certain tranches of the securitization.

[[Page 53030]]

When this arises, L should be calculated inclusive of this discount if 
the discount provides credit enhancement for the securitization 
exposure.
    (5) Thickness of tranche (T). T is the ratio of:
    (i) The amount of the tranche that contains the [BANK]'s 
securitization exposure; to
    (ii) UE.
    (6) Effective number of exposures (N). (i) Unless the [BANK] elects 
to use the formula provided in paragraph (f) of this section,
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.049

where EADi represents the EAD associated with the 
ith instrument in the pool of underlying exposures.

    (ii) Multiple exposures to one obligor must be treated as a single 
underlying exposure.
    (iii) In the case of a re-securitization, the [BANK] must treat 
each underlying exposure as a single underlying exposure and must not 
look through to the originally securitized underlying exposures.
    (7) Exposure-weighted average loss given default (EWALGD). EWALGD 
is calculated as:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.050

where LGDi represents the average LGD associated with all 
exposures to the ith obligor. In the case of a re-
securitization, an LGD of 100 percent must be assumed for the 
underlying exposures that are themselves securitization exposures.

    (f) Simplified method for computing N and EWALGD. (1) If all 
underlying exposures of a securitization are retail exposures, a [BANK] 
may apply the SFA using the following simplifications:
    (i) h = 0; and
    (ii) v = 0.
    (2) Under the conditions in sections 143(f)(3) and (f)(4), a [BANK] 
may employ a simplified method for calculating N and EWALGD.
    (3) If C1 is no more than 0.03, a [BANK] may set EWALGD 
= 0.50 if none of the underlying exposures is a securitization 
exposure, or may set EWALGD = 1 if one or more of the underlying 
exposures is a securitization exposure, and may set N equal to the 
following amount:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.051

where:

(i) Cm is the ratio of the sum of the amounts of the `m' 
largest underlying exposures to UE; and
(ii) The level of m is to be selected by the [BANK].

    (4) Alternatively, if only C1 is available and 
C1 is no more than 0.03, the [BANK] may set EWALGD = 0.50 if 
none of the underlying exposures is a securitization exposure, or may 
set EWALGD = 1 if one or more of the underlying exposures is a 
securitization exposure and may set N = 1/C1.


Sec.  ----.144  Simplified supervisory formula approach (SSFA).

    (a) General requirements. To use the SSFA to determine the risk 
weight for a securitization exposure, a [BANK] must have data that 
enables it to assign accurately the parameters described in paragraph 
(b) of this section. Data used to assign the parameters described in 
paragraph (b) of this section must be the most currently available data 
and no more than 91 calendar days old. A [BANK] that does not have the 
appropriate data to assign the parameters described in paragraph (b) of 
this section must assign a risk weight of 1,250 percent to the 
exposure.
    (b) SSFA parameters. To calculate the risk weight for a 
securitization exposure using the SSFA, a [BANK] must have accurate 
information on the five inputs to the SSFA calculation described and 
defined, for purposes of this section, in paragraphs (b)(1) through 
(b)(5) of this section:
    (1) KG is the weighted-average (with unpaid principal 
used as the weight for each exposure) total capital requirement of the 
underlying exposures calculated using this subpart. KG is 
expressed as a decimal value between zero and 1 (that is, an average 
risk weight of 100 percent represents a value of KG equal to 
.08).
    (2) Parameter W is expressed as a decimal value between zero and 
one. Parameter W is the ratio of the sum of the dollar amounts of any 
underlying exposures within the securitized pool that meet any of the 
criteria as set forth in paragraphs (b)(2)(i) through (vi) of this 
section to the ending balance, measured in dollars, of underlying 
exposures.
    (i) Ninety days or more past due;
    (ii) Subject to a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding;
    (iii) In the process of foreclosure;
    (iv) Held as real estate owned;
    (v) Has contractually deferred interest payments for 90 days or 
more; or
    (vi) Is in default.
    (3) Parameter A is the attachment point for the exposure, which 
represents the threshold at which credit losses will first be allocated 
to the exposure. Parameter A equals the ratio of the current dollar 
amount of underlying exposures that are subordinated to the exposure of 
the [BANK] to the current dollar amount of underlying exposures. Any 
reserve account funded by the accumulated cash flows from the 
underlying exposures that is subordinated to the [BANK]'s 
securitization exposure may be included in the calculation of parameter 
A to the extent that cash is present in the account. Parameter A is 
expressed as a decimal value between zero and one.
    (4) Parameter D is the detachment point for the exposure, which 
represents the threshold at which credit losses of principal allocated 
to the exposure would result in a total loss of principal. Parameter D 
equals parameter A plus the ratio of the current dollar amount of the 
securitization exposures that are pari passu with the exposure (that 
is, have equal seniority with respect to credit risk) to the current 
dollar amount of the underlying exposures. Parameter D is expressed as 
a decimal value between zero and one.
    (5) A supervisory calibration parameter, p, is equal to 0.5 for 
securitization exposures that are not resecuritization exposures and 
equal to 1.5 for resecuritization exposures.
    (c) Mechanics of the SSFA. KG and W are used to 
calculate KA, the augmented value of KG, which 
reflects the observed credit quality of the underlying pool of 
exposures. KA is defined in paragraph (d) of this section. 
The values of parameters A and D, relative to KA determine 
the risk weight assigned to a securitization exposure as described in 
paragraph (d) of this section. The risk weight assigned to a 
securitization

[[Page 53031]]

exposure, or portion of an exposure, as appropriate, is the larger of 
the risk weight determined in accordance with this paragraph and 
paragraph (d) of this section and a risk weight of 20 percent.
    (1) When the detachment point, parameter D, for a securitization 
exposure is less than or equal to KA, the exposure must be 
assigned a risk weight of 1,250 percent.
    (2) When the attachment point, parameter A, for a securitization 
exposure is greater than or equal to KA, the [BANK] must 
calculate the risk weight in accordance with paragraph (d) of this 
section.
    (3) When A is less than KA and D is greater than 
KA, the risk weight is a weighted-average of 1,250 percent 
and 1,250 percent times KSSFA calculated in accordance with 
paragraph (d) of this section, but with the parameter A revised to be 
set equal to KA. For the purpose of this weighted-average 
calculation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.052

Sec.  ----.145   Recognition of credit risk mitigants for 
securitization exposures.

    (a) General. An originating [BANK] that has obtained a credit risk 
mitigant to hedge its securitization exposure to a synthetic or 
traditional securitization that satisfies the operational criteria in 
Sec.  ----.141 may recognize the credit risk mitigant, but only as 
provided in this section. An investing [BANK] that has obtained a 
credit risk mitigant to hedge a securitization exposure may recognize 
the credit risk mitigant, but only as provided in this section.
    (b) Collateral. (1) Rules of recognition. A [BANK] may recognize 
financial collateral in determining the [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset 
amount for a securitization exposure (other than a repo-style 
transaction, an eligible margin loan, or an OTC derivative contract for 
which the [BANK] has reflected collateral in its determination of 
exposure amount under Sec.  ----.132) as follows. The [BANK]'s risk-
weighted asset amount for the collateralized securitization exposure is 
equal to the risk-weighted asset amount for the securitization exposure 
as calculated under the SSFA in Sec.  ----.144 or under the SFA in 
Sec.  ----.143 multiplied by the ratio of adjusted exposure amount 
(SE*) to original exposure amount (SE), where:
    (i) SE* = max {0, [SE-C x (1-Hs-Hfx)]{time} ;
    (ii) SE = the amount of the securitization exposure calculated 
under Sec.  ----.142(e);
    (iii) C = the current market value of the collateral;

[[Page 53032]]

    (iv) Hs = the haircut appropriate to the collateral type; and
    (v) Hfx = the haircut appropriate for any currency mismatch 
between the collateral and the exposure.
    (2) Mixed collateral. Where the collateral is a basket of different 
asset types or a basket of assets denominated in different currencies, 
the haircut on the basket will be
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.053

where ai is the current market value of the asset in the 
basket divided by the current market value of all assets in the 
basket and Hi is the haircut applicable to that asset.

    (3) Standard supervisory haircuts. Unless a [BANK] qualifies for 
use of and uses own-estimates haircuts in paragraph (b)(4) of this 
section:
    (i) A [BANK] must use the collateral type haircuts (Hs) in Table 2;
    (ii) A [BANK] must use a currency mismatch haircut (Hfx) of 8 
percent if the exposure and the collateral are denominated in different 
currencies;
    (iii) A [BANK] must multiply the supervisory haircuts obtained in 
paragraphs (b)(3)(i) and (ii) of this section by the square root of 6.5 
(which equals 2.549510); and
    (iv) A [BANK] must adjust the supervisory haircuts upward on the 
basis of a holding period longer than 65 business days where and as 
appropriate to take into account the illiquidity of the collateral.
    (4) Own estimates for haircuts. With the prior written approval of 
the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may calculate haircuts using its own internal 
estimates of market price volatility and foreign exchange volatility, 
subject to Sec.  ----.132(b)(2)(iii). The minimum holding period 
(TM) for securitization exposures is 65 business days.
    (c) Guarantees and credit derivatives. (1) Limitations on 
recognition. A [BANK] may only recognize an eligible guarantee or 
eligible credit derivative provided by an eligible guarantor in 
determining the [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset amount for a 
securitization exposure.
    (2) ECL for securitization exposures. When a [BANK] recognizes an 
eligible guarantee or eligible credit derivative provided by an 
eligible guarantor in determining the [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset 
amount for a securitization exposure, the [BANK] must also:
    (i) Calculate ECL for the protected portion of the exposure using 
the same risk parameters that it uses for calculating the risk-weighted 
asset amount of the exposure as described in paragraph (c)(3) of this 
section; and
    (ii) Add the exposure's ECL to the [BANK]'s total ECL.
    (3) Rules of recognition. A [BANK] may recognize an eligible 
guarantee or eligible credit derivative provided by an eligible 
guarantor in determining the [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset amount for 
the securitization exposure as follows:
    (i) Full coverage. If the protection amount of the eligible 
guarantee or eligible credit derivative equals or exceeds the amount of 
the securitization exposure, the [BANK] may set the risk-weighted asset 
amount for the securitization exposure equal to the risk-weighted asset 
amount for a direct exposure to the eligible guarantor (as determined 
in the wholesale risk weight function described in Sec.  ----.131), 
using the [BANK]'s PD for the guarantor, the [BANK]'s LGD for the 
guarantee or credit derivative, and an EAD equal to the amount of the 
securitization exposure (as determined in Sec.  ----.142(e)).
    (ii) Partial coverage. If the protection amount of the eligible 
guarantee or eligible credit derivative is less than the amount of the 
securitization exposure, the [BANK] may set the risk-weighted asset 
amount for the securitization exposure equal to the sum of:
    (A) Covered portion. The risk-weighted asset amount for a direct 
exposure to the eligible guarantor (as determined in the wholesale risk 
weight function described in Sec.  ----.131 of this subpart), using the 
[BANK]'s PD for the guarantor, the [BANK]'s LGD for the guarantee or 
credit derivative, and an EAD equal to the protection amount of the 
credit risk mitigant; and
    (B) Uncovered portion. (1) 1.0 minus the ratio of the protection 
amount of the eligible guarantee or eligible credit derivative to the 
amount of the securitization exposure); multiplied by
    (2) The risk-weighted asset amount for the securitization exposure 
without the credit risk mitigant (as determined in Sec. Sec.  ----.142 
through 146).
    (4) Mismatches. The [BANK] must make applicable adjustments to the 
protection amount as required in Sec.  ----.134(d), (e), and (f) for 
any hedged securitization exposure and any more senior securitization 
exposure that benefits from the hedge. In the context of a synthetic 
securitization, when an eligible guarantee or eligible credit 
derivative covers multiple hedged exposures that have different 
residual maturities, the [BANK] must use the longest residual maturity 
of any of the hedged exposures as the residual maturity of all the 
hedged exposures.

Risk-Weighted Assets for Equity Exposures


Sec.  ----.151   Introduction and exposure measurement.

    (a) General. To calculate its risk-weighted asset amounts for 
equity exposures that are not equity exposures to investment funds, a 
[BANK] may apply either the Simple Risk Weight Approach (SRWA) in Sec.  
----.152 or, if it qualifies to do so, the Internal Models Approach 
(IMA) in Sec.  ----.153. A [BANK] must use the look-through approaches 
in Sec.  ----.154 to calculate its risk-weighted asset amounts for 
equity exposures to investment funds.
    (b) Adjusted carrying value. For purposes of this [PART], the 
adjusted carrying value of an equity exposure is:
    (1) For the on-balance sheet component of an equity exposure, the 
[BANK]'s carrying value of the exposure; and
    (2) For the off-balance sheet component of an equity exposure, the 
effective notional principal amount of the exposure, the size of which 
is equivalent to a hypothetical on-balance sheet position in the 
underlying equity instrument that would evidence the same change in 
fair value (measured in dollars) for a given small change in the price 
of the underlying equity instrument, minus the adjusted carrying value 
of the on-balance sheet component of the exposure as calculated in 
paragraph (b)(1) of this section. For unfunded equity commitments that 
are unconditional, the effective notional principal amount is the 
notional amount of the commitment. For unfunded equity commitments that 
are conditional, the effective notional principal amount is the 
[BANK]'s best estimate of the amount that would be funded under 
economic downturn conditions.


Sec.  ----.152   Simple risk weight approach (SRWA).

    (a) General. Under the SRWA, a [BANK]'s aggregate risk-weighted 
asset amount for its equity exposures is equal to the sum of the risk-
weighted asset amounts for each of the [BANK]'s individual equity 
exposures (other than equity exposures to an investment fund) as 
determined in this section and the risk-weighted asset amounts for each 
of the [BANK]'s individual equity exposures to an investment fund as 
determined in Sec.  ----.154.
    (b) SRWA computation for individual equity exposures. A [BANK] must 
determine the risk-weighted asset amount for an individual equity 
exposure (other than an equity exposure to an investment fund) by 
multiplying

[[Page 53033]]

the adjusted carrying value of the equity exposure or the effective 
portion and ineffective portion of a hedge pair (as defined in 
paragraph (c) of this section) by the lowest applicable risk weight in 
this section.
    (1) Zero percent risk weight equity exposures. An equity exposure 
to an entity whose credit exposures are exempt from the 0.03 percent PD 
floor in Sec.  ----.131(d)(2) is assigned a zero percent risk weight.
    (2) 20 percent risk weight equity exposures. An equity exposure to 
a Federal Home Loan Bank or the Federal Agricultural Mortgage 
Corporation (Farmer Mac) is assigned a 20 percent risk weight.
    (3) 100 percent risk weight equity exposures. The following equity 
exposures are assigned a 100 percent risk weight:
    (i) Community development equity exposures. An equity exposure that 
qualifies as a community development investment under section 24 
(Eleventh) of the National Bank Act, excluding equity exposures to an 
unconsolidated small business investment company and equity exposures 
held through a consolidated small business investment company described 
in section 302 of the Small Business Investment Act.
    (ii) Effective portion of hedge pairs. The effective portion of a 
hedge pair.
    (iii) Non-significant equity exposures. Equity exposures, excluding 
exposures to an investment firm that would meet the definition of a 
traditional securitization were it not for the [AGENCY]'s application 
of paragraph (8) of that definition in Sec.  ----.2 and has greater 
than immaterial leverage, to the extent that the aggregate adjusted 
carrying value of the exposures does not exceed 10 percent of the 
[BANK]'s total capital.
    (A) To compute the aggregate adjusted carrying value of a [BANK]'s 
equity exposures for purposes of this section, the [BANK] may exclude 
equity exposures described in paragraphs (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3)(i), and 
(b)(3)(ii) of this section, the equity exposure in a hedge pair with 
the smaller adjusted carrying value, and a proportion of each equity 
exposure to an investment fund equal to the proportion of the assets of 
the investment fund that are not equity exposures or that meet the 
criterion of paragraph (b)(3)(i) of this section. If a [BANK] does not 
know the actual holdings of the investment fund, the [BANK] may 
calculate the proportion of the assets of the fund that are not equity 
exposures based on the terms of the prospectus, partnership agreement, 
or similar contract that defines the fund's permissible investments. If 
the sum of the investment limits for all exposure classes within the 
fund exceeds 100 percent, the [BANK] must assume for purposes of this 
section that the investment fund invests to the maximum extent possible 
in equity exposures.
    (B) When determining which of a [BANK]'s equity exposures qualifies 
for a 100 percent risk weight under this section, a [BANK] first must 
include equity exposures to unconsolidated small business investment 
companies or held through consolidated small business investment 
companies described in section 302 of the Small Business Investment 
Act, then must include publicly-traded equity exposures (including 
those held indirectly through investment funds), and then must include 
non-publicly-traded equity exposures (including those held indirectly 
through investment funds).
    (4) 250 percent risk weight equity exposures. Significant 
investments in the capital of unconsolidated financial institutions 
that are not deducted from capital pursuant to Sec.  ----.22(b)(4) of 
subpart B are assigned a 250 percent risk weight.
    (5) 300 percent risk weight equity exposures. A publicly-traded 
equity exposure (other than an equity exposure described in paragraph 
(b)(6) of this section and including the ineffective portion of a hedge 
pair) is assigned a 300 percent risk weight.
    (6) 400 percent risk weight equity exposures. An equity exposure 
(other than an equity exposure described in paragraph (b)(6) of this 
section) that is not publicly-traded is assigned a 400 percent risk 
weight.
    (7) 600 percent risk weight equity exposures. An equity exposure to 
an investment firm that:
    (i) Would meet the definition of a traditional securitization were 
it not for the [AGENCY]'s application of paragraph (8) of that 
definition in Sec.  ----.2; and
    (ii) Has greater than immaterial leverage is assigned a 600 percent 
risk weight.
    (c) Hedge transactions. (1) Hedge pair. A hedge pair is two equity 
exposures that form an effective hedge so long as each equity exposure 
is publicly-traded or has a return that is primarily based on a 
publicly-traded equity exposure.
    (2) Effective hedge. Two equity exposures form an effective hedge 
if the exposures either have the same remaining maturity or each has a 
remaining maturity of at least three months; the hedge relationship is 
formally documented in a prospective manner (that is, before the [BANK] 
acquires at least one of the equity exposures); the documentation 
specifies the measure of effectiveness (E) the [BANK] will use for the 
hedge relationship throughout the life of the transaction; and the 
hedge relationship has an E greater than or equal to 0.8. A [BANK] must 
measure E at least quarterly and must use one of three alternative 
measures of E:
    (i) Under the dollar-offset method of measuring effectiveness, the 
[BANK] must determine the ratio of value change (RVC). The RVC is the 
ratio of the cumulative sum of the periodic changes in value of one 
equity exposure to the cumulative sum of the periodic changes in the 
value of the other equity exposure. If RVC is positive, the hedge is 
not effective and E equals zero. If RVC is negative and greater than or 
equal to -1 (that is, between zero and -1), then E equals the absolute 
value of RVC. If RVC is negative and less than -1, then E equals 2 plus 
RVC.
    (ii) Under the variability-reduction method of measuring 
effectiveness:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.054

where

(A) Xt = At - Bt;
(B) At = the value at time t of one exposure in a hedge pair; and
(C) Bt = the value at time t of the other exposure in a hedge pair.


[[Page 53034]]


    (iii) Under the regression method of measuring effectiveness, E 
equals the coefficient of determination of a regression in which the 
change in value of one exposure in a hedge pair is the dependent 
variable and the change in value of the other exposure in a hedge pair 
is the independent variable. However, if the estimated regression 
coefficient is positive, then the value of E is zero.
    (3) The effective portion of a hedge pair is E multiplied by the 
greater of the adjusted carrying values of the equity exposures forming 
a hedge pair.
    (4) The ineffective portion of a hedge pair is (1-E) multiplied by 
the greater of the adjusted carrying values of the equity exposures 
forming a hedge pair.


Sec.  ----.153  Internal models approach (IMA).

    (a) General. A [BANK] may calculate its risk-weighted asset amount 
for equity exposures using the IMA by modeling publicly-traded and non-
publicly-traded equity exposures (in accordance with paragraph (c) of 
this section) or by modeling only publicly-traded equity exposures (in 
accordance with paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section).
    (b) Qualifying criteria. To qualify to use the IMA to calculate 
risk-weighted assets for equity exposures, a [BANK] must receive prior 
written approval from the [AGENCY]. To receive such approval, the 
[BANK] must demonstrate to the [AGENCY]'s satisfaction that the [BANK] 
meets the following criteria:
    (1) The [BANK] must have one or more models that:
    (i) Assess the potential decline in value of its modeled equity 
exposures;
    (ii) Are commensurate with the size, complexity, and composition of 
the [BANK]'s modeled equity exposures; and
    (iii) Adequately capture both general market risk and idiosyncratic 
risk.
    (2) The [BANK]'s model must produce an estimate of potential losses 
for its modeled equity exposures that is no less than the estimate of 
potential losses produced by a VaR methodology employing a 99.0 
percent, one-tailed confidence interval of the distribution of 
quarterly returns for a benchmark portfolio of equity exposures 
comparable to the [BANK]'s modeled equity exposures using a long-term 
sample period.
    (3) The number of risk factors and exposures in the sample and the 
data period used for quantification in the [BANK]'s model and 
benchmarking exercise must be sufficient to provide confidence in the 
accuracy and robustness of the [BANK]'s estimates.
    (4) The [BANK]'s model and benchmarking process must incorporate 
data that are relevant in representing the risk profile of the [BANK]'s 
modeled equity exposures, and must include data from at least one 
equity market cycle containing adverse market movements relevant to the 
risk profile of the [BANK]'s modeled equity exposures. In addition, the 
[BANK]'s benchmarking exercise must be based on daily market prices for 
the benchmark portfolio. If the [BANK]'s model uses a scenario 
methodology, the [BANK] must demonstrate that the model produces a 
conservative estimate of potential losses on the [BANK]'s modeled 
equity exposures over a relevant long-term market cycle. If the [BANK] 
employs risk factor models, the [BANK] must demonstrate through 
empirical analysis the appropriateness of the risk factors used.
    (5) The [BANK] must be able to demonstrate, using theoretical 
arguments and empirical evidence, that any proxies used in the modeling 
process are comparable to the [BANK]'s modeled equity exposures and 
that the [BANK] has made appropriate adjustments for differences. The 
[BANK] must derive any proxies for its modeled equity exposures and 
benchmark portfolio using historical market data that are relevant to 
the [BANK]'s modeled equity exposures and benchmark portfolio (or, 
where not, must use appropriately adjusted data), and such proxies must 
be robust estimates of the risk of the [BANK]'s modeled equity 
exposures.
    (c) Risk-weighted assets calculation for a [BANK] modeling 
publicly-traded and non-publicly-traded equity exposures. If a [BANK] 
models publicly-traded and non-publicly-traded equity exposures, the 
[BANK]'s aggregate risk-weighted asset amount for its equity exposures 
is equal to the sum of:
    (1) The risk-weighted asset amount of each equity exposure that 
qualifies for a 0 percent, 20 percent, or 100 percent risk weight under 
Sec. Sec.  ----.152(b)(1) through (b)(3)(i) (as determined under Sec.  
----.152) and each equity exposure to an investment fund (as determined 
under Sec.  ----.154); and
    (2) The greater of:
    (i) The estimate of potential losses on the [BANK]'s equity 
exposures (other than equity exposures referenced in paragraph (c)(1) 
of this section) generated by the [BANK]'s internal equity exposure 
model multiplied by 12.5; or
    (ii) The sum of:
    (A) 200 percent multiplied by the aggregate adjusted carrying value 
of the [BANK]'s publicly-traded equity exposures that do not belong to 
a hedge pair, do not qualify for a 0 percent, 20 percent, or 100 
percent risk weight under Sec. Sec.  ----.152(b)(1) through (b)(3)(i), 
and are not equity exposures to an investment fund;
    (B) 200 percent multiplied by the aggregate ineffective portion of 
all hedge pairs; and
    (C) 300 percent multiplied by the aggregate adjusted carrying value 
of the [BANK]'s equity exposures that are not publicly-traded, do not 
qualify for a 0 percent, 20 percent, or 100 percent risk weight under 
Sec. Sec.  ----.152(b)(1) through (b)(3)(i), and are not equity 
exposures to an investment fund.
    (d) Risk-weighted assets calculation for a [BANK] using the IMA 
only for publicly-traded equity exposures. If a [BANK] models only 
publicly-traded equity exposures, the [BANK]'s aggregate risk-weighted 
asset amount for its equity exposures is equal to the sum of:
    (1) The risk-weighted asset amount of each equity exposure that 
qualifies for a 0 percent, 20 percent, or 100 percent risk weight under 
Sec. Sec.  ----.152(b)(1) through (b)(3)(i) (as determined under Sec.  
----.152), each equity exposure that qualifies for a 400 percent risk 
weight under Sec.  ----.152(b)(5) or a 600 percent risk weight under 
Sec.  ----.152(b)(6) (as determined under Sec.  ----.152), and each 
equity exposure to an investment fund (as determined under Sec.  --
--.154); and
    (2) The greater of:
    (i) The estimate of potential losses on the [BANK]'s equity 
exposures (other than equity exposures referenced in paragraph (d)(1) 
of this section) generated by the [BANK]'s internal equity exposure 
model multiplied by 12.5; or
    (ii) The sum of:
    (A) 200 percent multiplied by the aggregate adjusted carrying value 
of the [BANK]'s publicly-traded equity exposures that do not belong to 
a hedge pair, do not qualify for a 0 percent, 20 percent, or 100 
percent risk weight under Sec. Sec.  ----.152(b)(1) through (b)(3)(i), 
and are not equity exposures to an investment fund; and
    (B) 200 percent multiplied by the aggregate ineffective portion of 
all hedge pairs.


Sec.  ----.154  Equity exposures to investment funds.

    (a) Available approaches. (1) Unless the exposure meets the 
requirements for a community development equity exposure in Sec.  --
--.152(b)(3)(i), a [BANK] must determine the risk-weighted asset amount 
of an equity exposure to an investment fund under the Full Look-Through 
Approach in paragraph (b) of this section, the Simple Modified Look-
Through Approach in

[[Page 53035]]

paragraph (c) of this section, or the Alternative Modified Look-Through 
Approach in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (2) The risk-weighted asset amount of an equity exposure to an 
investment fund that meets the requirements for a community development 
equity exposure in Sec.  ----.152(b)(3)(i) is its adjusted carrying 
value.
    (3) If an equity exposure to an investment fund is part of a hedge 
pair and the [BANK] does not use the Full Look-Through Approach, the 
[BANK] may use the ineffective portion of the hedge pair as determined 
under Sec.  ----.152(c) as the adjusted carrying value for the equity 
exposure to the investment fund. The risk-weighted asset amount of the 
effective portion of the hedge pair is equal to its adjusted carrying 
value.
    (b) Full Look-Through Approach. A [BANK] that is able to calculate 
a risk-weighted asset amount for its proportional ownership share of 
each exposure held by the investment fund (as calculated under this 
subpart E as if the proportional ownership share of each exposure were 
held directly by the [BANK]) may either:
    (1) Set the risk-weighted asset amount of the [BANK]'s exposure to 
the fund equal to the product of:
    (i) The aggregate risk-weighted asset amounts of the exposures held 
by the fund as if they were held directly by the [BANK]; and
    (ii) The [BANK]'s proportional ownership share of the fund; or
    (2) Include the [BANK]'s proportional ownership share of each 
exposure held by the fund in the [BANK]'s IMA.
    (c) Simple Modified Look-Through Approach. Under this approach, the 
risk-weighted asset amount for a [BANK]'s equity exposure to an 
investment fund equals the adjusted carrying value of the equity 
exposure multiplied by the highest risk weight assigned according to 
subpart D that applies to any exposure the fund is permitted to hold 
under its prospectus, partnership agreement, or similar contract that 
defines the fund's permissible investments (excluding derivative 
contracts that are used for hedging rather than speculative purposes 
and that do not constitute a material portion of the fund's exposures).
    (d) Alternative Modified Look-Through Approach. Under this 
approach, a [BANK] may assign the adjusted carrying value of an equity 
exposure to an investment fund on a pro rata basis to different risk 
weight categories assigned according to subpart D of this part based on 
the investment limits in the fund's prospectus, partnership agreement, 
or similar contract that defines the fund's permissible investments. 
The risk-weighted asset amount for the [BANK]'s equity exposure to the 
investment fund equals the sum of each portion of the adjusted carrying 
value assigned to an exposure class multiplied by the applicable risk 
weight. If the sum of the investment limits for all exposure types 
within the fund exceeds 100 percent, the [BANK] must assume that the 
fund invests to the maximum extent permitted under its investment 
limits in the exposure type with the highest risk weight under subpart 
D of this part, and continues to make investments in order of the 
exposure type with the next highest risk weight under subpart D until 
the maximum total investment level is reached. If more than one 
exposure type applies to an exposure, the [BANK] must use the highest 
applicable risk weight. A [BANK] may exclude derivative contracts held 
by the fund that are used for hedging rather than for speculative 
purposes and do not constitute a material portion of the fund's 
exposures.


Sec.  ----.155  Equity derivative contracts.

    (a) Under the IMA, in addition to holding risk-based capital 
against an equity derivative contract under this [PART], a [BANK] must 
hold risk-based capital against the counterparty credit risk in the 
equity derivative contract by also treating the equity derivative 
contract as a wholesale exposure and computing a supplemental risk-
weighted asset amount for the contract under Sec.  ----.132.
    (b) Under the SRWA, a [BANK] may choose not to hold risk-based 
capital against the counterparty credit risk of equity derivative 
contracts, as long as it does so for all such contracts. Where the 
equity derivative contracts are subject to a qualified master netting 
agreement, a [BANK] using the SRWA must either include all or exclude 
all of the contracts from any measure used to determine counterparty 
credit risk exposure.

Risk-Weighted Assets for Operational Risk


Sec.  ----.161  Qualification requirements for incorporation of 
operational risk mitigants.

    (a) Qualification to use operational risk mitigants. A [BANK] may 
adjust its estimate of operational risk exposure to reflect qualifying 
operational risk mitigants if:
    (1) The [BANK]'s operational risk quantification system is able to 
generate an estimate of the [BANK]'s operational risk exposure (which 
does not incorporate qualifying operational risk mitigants) and an 
estimate of the [BANK]'s operational risk exposure adjusted to 
incorporate qualifying operational risk mitigants; and
    (2) The [BANK]'s methodology for incorporating the effects of 
insurance, if the [BANK] uses insurance as an operational risk 
mitigant, captures through appropriate discounts to the amount of risk 
mitigation:
    (i) The residual term of the policy, where less than one year;
    (ii) The cancellation terms of the policy, where less than one 
year;
    (iii) The policy's timeliness of payment;
    (iv) The uncertainty of payment by the provider of the policy; and
    (v) Mismatches in coverage between the policy and the hedged 
operational loss event.
    (b) Qualifying operational risk mitigants. Qualifying operational 
risk mitigants are:
    (1) Insurance that:
    (i) Is provided by an unaffiliated company that the [BANK] deems to 
have strong capacity to meet its claims payment obligations and the 
obligor rating category to which the [BANK] assigns the company is 
assigned a PD equal to or less than 10 basis points;
    (ii) Has an initial term of at least one year and a residual term 
of more than 90 days;
    (iii) Has a minimum notice period for cancellation by the provider 
of 90 days;
    (iv) Has no exclusions or limitations based upon regulatory action 
or for the receiver or liquidator of a failed depository institution; 
and
    (v) Is explicitly mapped to a potential operational loss event;
    (2) Operational risk mitigants other than insurance for which the 
[AGENCY] has given prior written approval. In evaluating an operational 
risk mitigant other than insurance, the [AGENCY] will consider whether 
the operational risk mitigant covers potential operational losses in a 
manner equivalent to holding total capital.


Sec.  ----.162  Mechanics of risk-weighted asset calculation.

    (a) If a [BANK] does not qualify to use or does not have qualifying 
operational risk mitigants, the [BANK]'s dollar risk-based capital 
requirement for operational risk is its operational risk exposure minus 
eligible operational risk offsets (if any).
    (b) If a [BANK] qualifies to use operational risk mitigants and has 
qualifying operational risk mitigants, the [BANK]'s dollar risk-based 
capital requirement for operational risk is the greater of:

[[Page 53036]]

    (1) The [BANK]'s operational risk exposure adjusted for qualifying 
operational risk mitigants minus eligible operational risk offsets (if 
any); or
    (2) 0.8 multiplied by the difference between:
    (i) The [BANK]'s operational risk exposure; and
    (ii) Eligible operational risk offsets (if any).
    (c) The [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset amount for operational risk 
equals the [BANK]'s dollar risk-based capital requirement for 
operational risk determined under sections 162(a) or (b) multiplied by 
12.5.

Disclosures


Sec.  ----.171  Purpose and scope.

    Sections ----.171 through ----.173 establish public disclosure 
requirements related to the capital requirements of a [BANK] that is an 
advanced approaches bank.


Sec.  ----.172  Disclosure requirements.

    (a) A [BANK] that is an advanced approaches bank must publicly 
disclose each quarter its total and tier 1 risk-based capital ratios 
and their components as calculated under this subpart (that is, common 
equity tier 1 capital, additional tier 1 capital, tier 2 capital, total 
qualifying capital, and total risk-weighted assets).
    (b) A [BANK] that is an advanced approaches bank must comply with 
paragraph (c) of this section unless it is a consolidated subsidiary of 
a bank holding company, savings and loan holding company, or depository 
institution that is subject to these disclosure requirements or a 
subsidiary of a non-U.S. banking organization that is subject to 
comparable public disclosure requirements in its home jurisdiction.
    (c)(1) A [BANK] described in paragraph (b) of this section and that 
has successfully completed its parallel run must provide timely public 
disclosures each calendar quarter of the information in the applicable 
tables in Sec.  ----.173. If a significant change occurs, such that the 
most recent reported amounts are no longer reflective of the [BANK]'s 
capital adequacy and risk profile, then a brief discussion of this 
change and its likely impact must be disclosed as soon as practicable 
thereafter. Qualitative disclosures that typically do not change each 
quarter (for example, a general summary of the [BANK]'s risk management 
objectives and policies, reporting system, and definitions) may be 
disclosed annually, provided that any significant changes to these are 
disclosed in the interim. Management is encouraged to provide all of 
the disclosures required by this subpart in one place on the [BANK]'s 
public Web site.\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ Alternatively, a [BANK] may provide the disclosures in more 
than one place, as some of them may be included in public financial 
reports (for example, in Management's Discussion and Analysis 
included in SEC filings) or other regulatory reports. The [BANK] 
must publicly provide a summary table that specifically indicates 
where all the disclosures may be found (for example, regulatory 
report schedules, page numbers in annual reports).
    \6\ Such entities include securities, insurance and other 
financial subsidiaries, commercial subsidiaries (where permitted), 
and significant minority equity investments in insurance, financial 
and commercial entities.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) A [BANK] described in paragraph (b) of this section must have a 
formal disclosure policy approved by the board of directors that 
addresses its approach for determining the disclosures it makes. The 
policy must address the associated internal controls and disclosure 
controls and procedures. The board of directors and senior management 
are responsible for establishing and maintaining an effective internal 
control structure over financial reporting, including the disclosures 
required by this subpart, and must ensure that appropriate review of 
the disclosures takes place. One or more senior officers of the [BANK] 
must attest that the disclosures meet the requirements of this subpart.
    (3) If a [BANK] described in paragraph (b) of this section believes 
that disclosure of specific commercial or financial information would 
prejudice seriously its position by making public information that is 
either proprietary or confidential in nature, the [BANK] is not 
required to disclose those specific items, but must disclose more 
general information about the subject matter of the requirement, 
together with the fact that, and the reason why, the specific items of 
information have not been disclosed.


Sec.  ----.173  Disclosures by certain advanced approaches [BANKS].

    Except as provided in Sec.  ----.172(b), a [BANK] that is an 
advanced approaches bank must make the disclosures described in Tables 
11.1 through 11.12 below. The [BANK] must make these disclosures 
publicly available for each of the last three years (that is, twelve 
quarters) or such shorter period beginning on the effective date of 
this subpart E.

                    Table 11.1--Scope of Application
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The name of the top corporate entity
                                in the group to which subpart E of this
                                [PART] applies.
                               (b) A brief description of the
                                differences in the basis for
                                consolidating entities \6\ for
                                accounting and regulatory purposes, with
                                a description of those entities:
                                  (1) That are fully consolidated;
                                  (2) That are deconsolidated and
                                   deducted from total capital;
                                  (3) For which the total capital
                                   requirement is deducted; and
                                  (4) That are neither consolidated nor
                                   deducted (for example, where the
                                   investment in the entity is assigned
                                   a risk weight in accordance with this
                                   subpart).
                               (c) Any restrictions, or other major
                                impediments, on transfer of funds or
                                total capital within the group.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Quantitative disclosures.....  (d) The aggregate amount of surplus
                                capital of insurance subsidiaries
                                included in the total capital of the
                                consolidated group.
                               (e) The aggregate amount by which actual
                                total capital is less than the minimum
                                total capital requirement in all
                                subsidiaries, with total capital
                                requirements and the name(s) of the
                                subsidiaries with such deficiencies.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                      Table 11.2--Capital Structure
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) Summary information on the terms and
                                conditions of the main features of all
                                regulatory capital instruments.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) The amount of common equity tier 1
                                capital, with separate disclosure of:
                                  (1) Common stock and related surplus;
                                  (2) Retained earnings;
                                  (3) Common equity minority interest;

[[Page 53037]]

 
                                  (4) AOCI (net of tax) and other
                                   reserves; and
                                  (5) Regulatory deductions and
                                   adjustments made to common equity
                                   tier 1 capital.
                               (c) The amount of tier 1 capital, with
                                separate disclosure of:
                                  (1) Additional tier 1 capital
                                   elements, including additional tier 1
                                   capital instruments and tier 1
                                   minority interest not included in
                                   common equity tier 1 capital; and
                                  (2) Regulatory deductions and
                                   adjustments made to tier 1 capital.
                               (d) The amount of total capital, with
                                separate disclosure of:
                                  (1) Tier 2 capital elements, including
                                   tier 2 capital instruments and total
                                   capital minority interest not
                                   included in tier 1 capital; and
                                  (2) Regulatory deductions and
                                   adjustments made to total capital.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                      Table 11.3--Capital Adequacy
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) A summary discussion of the [BANK]'s
                                approach to assessing the adequacy of
                                its capital to support current and
                                future activities.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) Risk-weighted assets for credit risk
                                from:
                               (1) Wholesale exposures;
                               (2) Residential mortgage exposures;
                               (3) Qualifying revolving exposures;
                               (4) Other retail exposures;
                               (5) Securitization exposures;
                               (6) Equity exposures:
                               (7) Equity exposures subject to the
                                simple risk weight approach; and
                               (8) Equity exposures subject to the
                                internal models approach.
                               (c) Standardized market risk-weighted
                                assets and advanced market risk-weighted
                                assets as calculated under subpart F of
                                this [PART]: \7\
                                  (1) Standardized approach for specific
                                   risk; and
                                  (2) Internal models approach for
                                   specific risk.
                               (d) Risk-weighted assets for operational
                                risk.
                               (e) Common equity tier 1, tier 1 and
                                total risk-based capital ratios:
                                  (1) For the top consolidated group;
                                   and
                                  (2) For each depository institution
                                   subsidiary.
                               (f) Total risk-weighted assets.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ Standardized market risk-weighted assets and advanced market 
risk-weighted assets as calculated under this subpart are to be 
disclosed only with respect to an approach that is used by a [BANK].

      Table 11.4--Capital Conservation and Countercyclical Buffers
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The [BANK] must publicly disclose the
                                geographic breakdown of its private
                                sector credit exposures used in the
                                calculation of the countercyclical
                                capital buffer.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) At least quarterly, the [BANK] must
                                calculate and publicly disclose the
                                capital conservation buffer and the
                                countercyclical capital buffer as
                                described under Sec.   ----.11 of
                                subpart B.
                               (c) At least quarterly, the [BANK] must
                                calculate and publicly disclose the
                                buffer retained income of the [BANK], as
                                described under Sec.   ----.11 of
                                subpart B.
                               (d) At least quarterly, the [BANK] must
                                calculate and publicly disclose any
                                limitations it has on capital
                                distributions and discretionary bonus
                                payments resulting from the capital
                                conservation buffer and the
                                countercyclical buffer framework
                                described under Sec.   ----.11 of
                                subpart B, including the maximum payout
                                amount for the quarter.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

General Qualitative Disclosure Requirement
    For each separate risk area described in Tables 11.5 through 11.12, 
the [BANK] must describe its risk management objectives and policies, 
including:
     Strategies and processes;
     The structure and organization of the relevant risk 
management function;
     The scope and nature of risk reporting and/or measurement 
systems; and
     Policies for hedging and/or mitigating risk and strategies 
and processes for monitoring the continuing effectiveness of hedges/
mitigants.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ Table 11.5 does not cover equity exposures.
    \9\ See, for example, ASC Topic 815-10 and 210-20 (formerly FASB 
Interpretation Numbers 37 and 41).
    \10\ Geographical areas may comprise individual countries, 
groups of countries, or regions within countries. A [BANK] might 
choose to define the geographical areas based on the way the 
company's portfolio is geographically managed. The criteria used to 
allocate the loans to geographical areas must be specified.
    \11\ A [BANK] is encouraged also to provide an analysis of the 
aging of past-due loans.
    \12\ The portion of the general allowance that is not allocated 
to a geographical area should be disclosed separately.
    \13\ The reconciliation should include the following: A 
description of the allowance; the opening balance of the allowance; 
charge-offs taken against the allowance during the period; amounts 
provided (or reversed) for estimated probable loan losses during the 
period; any other adjustments (for example, exchange rate 
differences, business combinations, acquisitions and disposals of 
subsidiaries), including transfers between allowances; and the 
closing balance of the allowance. Charge-offs and recoveries that 
have been recorded directly to the income statement should be 
disclosed separately.

[[Page 53038]]



            Table 11.5 \8\--Credit Risk: General Disclosures
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The general qualitative disclosure
                                requirement with respect to credit risk
                                (excluding counterparty credit risk
                                disclosed in accordance with Table
                                11.7), including:
                                  (1) Policy for determining past due or
                                   delinquency status;
                                  (2) Policy for placing loans on
                                   nonaccrual;
                                  (3) Policy for returning loans to
                                   accrual status;
                                  (4) Definition of and policy for
                                   identifying impaired loans (for
                                   financial accounting purposes).
                                  (5) Description of the methodology
                                   that the entity uses to estimate its
                                   allowance for loan losses, including
                                   statistical methods used where
                                   applicable;
                                  (6) Policy for charging-off
                                   uncollectible amounts; and
                                  (7) Discussion of the [BANK]'s credit
                                   risk management policy
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) Total credit risk exposures and
                                average credit risk exposures, after
                                accounting offsets in accordance with
                                GAAP,\9\ without taking into account the
                                effects of credit risk mitigation
                                techniques (for example, collateral and
                                netting not permitted under GAAP), over
                                the period categorized by major types of
                                credit exposure. For example, [BANK]s
                                could use categories similar to that
                                used for financial statement purposes.
                                Such categories might include, for
                                instance:
                                  (1) Loans, off-balance sheet
                                   commitments, and other non-derivative
                                   off-balance sheet exposures;
                                  (2) Debt securities; and
                                  (3) OTC derivatives.
                               (c) Geographic\10\ distribution of
                                exposures, categorized in significant
                                areas by major types of credit exposure.
                               (d) Industry or counterparty type
                                distribution of exposures, categorized
                                by major types of credit exposure.
                               (e) By major industry or counterparty
                                type:
                                  (1) Amount of impaired loans for which
                                   there was a related allowance under
                                   GAAP;
                                  (2) Amount of impaired loans for which
                                   there was no related allowance under
                                   GAAP;
                                  (3) Amount of loans past due 90 days
                                   and on nonaccrual;
                                  (4) Amount of loans past due 90 days
                                   and still accruing; \11\
                                  (5) The balance in the allowance for
                                   credit losses at the end of each
                                   period, disaggregated on the basis of
                                   the entity's impairment method. To
                                   disaggregate the information required
                                   on the basis of impairment
                                   methodology, an entity shall
                                   separately disclose the amounts based
                                   on the requirements in GAAP; and
                                  (6) Charge-offs during the period.
                               (f) Amount of impaired loans and, if
                                available, the amount of past due loans
                                categorized by significant geographic
                                areas including, if practical, the
                                amounts of allowances related to each
                                geographical area,\12\ further
                                categorized as required by GAAP.
                               (g) Reconciliation of changes in
                                ALLL.\13\
                               (h) Remaining contractual maturity
                                breakdown (for example, one year or
                                less) of the whole portfolio,
                                categorized by credit exposure.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


Table 11.6--Credit Risk: Disclosures for Portfolios Subject to IRB Risk-
                         Based Capital Formulas
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) Explanation and review of the:
                                  (1) Structure of internal rating
                                   systems and relation between internal
                                   and external ratings;
                                  (2) Use of risk parameter estimates
                                   other than for regulatory capital
                                   purposes;
                                  (3) Process for managing and
                                   recognizing credit risk mitigation
                                   (see Table 11.8); and
                                  (4) Control mechanisms for the rating
                                   system, including discussion of
                                   independence, accountability, and
                                   rating systems review.
                               (b)(1) Description of the internal
                                ratings process, provided separately for
                                the following:
                                  (i) Wholesale category;
                                  (ii) Retail subcategories--
                                    (A) Residential mortgage exposures;
                                    (B) Qualifying revolving exposures;
                                     and
                                    (C) Other retail exposures.
                                  (2) For each category and subcategory
                                   above the description should include:
                                  (i) The types of exposure included in
                                   the category/subcategories; and
                                  (ii) The definitions, methods and data
                                   for estimation and validation of PD,
                                   LGD, and EAD, including assumptions
                                   employed in the derivation of these
                                   variables.\14\
Quantitative disclosures:      (c)(1) For wholesale exposures, present
 Risk assessment.               the following information across a
                                sufficient number of PD grades
                                (including default) to allow for a
                                meaningful differentiation of credit
                                risk: \15\
                                  (i) Total EAD; \16\
                                  (ii) Exposure-weighted average LGD
                                   (percentage);
                                  (iii) Exposure-weighted average risk
                                   weight; and
                                  (iv) Amount of undrawn commitments and
                                   exposure-weighted average EAD
                                   including average drawdowns prior to
                                   default for wholesale exposures.
                                  (2) For each retail subcategory,
                                   present the disclosures outlined
                                   above across a sufficient number of
                                   segments to allow for a meaningful
                                   differentiation of credit risk.
Quantitative disclosures:      (d) Actual losses in the preceding period
 Historical results.            for each category and subcategory and
                                how this differs from past experience. A
                                discussion of the factors that impacted
                                the loss experience in the preceding
                                period--for example, has the [BANK]
                                experienced higher than average default
                                rates, loss rates or EADs.
                               (e) [BANK]'s estimates compared against
                                actual outcomes over a longer
                                period.\17\ At a minimum, this should
                                include information on estimates of
                                losses against actual losses in the
                                wholesale category and each retail
                                subcategory over a period sufficient to
                                allow for a meaningful assessment of the
                                performance of the internal rating
                                processes for each category/
                                subcategory.\18\ Where appropriate, the
                                [BANK] should further decompose this to
                                provide analysis of PD, LGD, and EAD
                                outcomes against estimates provided in
                                the quantitative risk assessment
                                disclosures above.\19\
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 53039]]

     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \14\ This disclosure item does not require a detailed 
description of the model in full--it should provide the reader with 
a broad overview of the model approach, describing definitions of 
the variables and methods for estimating and validating those 
variables set out in the quantitative risk disclosures below. This 
should be done for each of the four category/subcategories. The 
[BANK] must disclose any significant differences in approach to 
estimating these variables within each category/subcategories.
    \15\ The PD, LGD and EAD disclosures in Table 11.6(c) should 
reflect the effects of collateral, qualifying master netting 
agreements, eligible guarantees and eligible credit derivatives as 
defined under this part. Disclosure of each PD grade should include 
the exposure-weighted average PD for each grade. Where a [BANK] 
aggregates PD grades for the purposes of disclosure, this should be 
a representative breakdown of the distribution of PD grades used for 
regulatory capital purposes.
    \16\ Outstanding loans and EAD on undrawn commitments can be 
presented on a combined basis for these disclosures.
    \17\ These disclosures are a way of further informing the reader 
about the reliability of the information provided in the 
``quantitative disclosures: risk assessment'' over the long run. The 
disclosures are requirements from year-end 2010; in the meantime, 
early adoption is encouraged. The phased implementation is to allow 
a [BANK] sufficient time to build up a longer run of data that will 
make these disclosures meaningful.
    \18\ This disclosure item is not intended to be prescriptive 
about the period used for this assessment. Upon implementation, it 
is expected that a [BANK] would provide these disclosures for as 
long a set of data as possible--for example, if a [BANK] has 10 
years of data, it might choose to disclose the average default rates 
for each PD grade over that 10-year period. Annual amounts need not 
be disclosed.
    \19\ A [BANK] must provide this further decomposition where it 
will allow users greater insight into the reliability of the 
estimates provided in the ``quantitative disclosures: risk 
assessment.'' In particular, it must provide this information where 
there are material differences between its estimates of PD, LGD or 
EAD compared to actual outcomes over the long run. The [BANK] must 
also provide explanations for such differences.
    \20\ Net unsecured credit exposure is the credit exposure after 
considering the benefits from legally enforceable netting agreements 
and collateral arrangements, without taking into account haircuts 
for price volatility, liquidity, etc.
    \21\ This may include interest rate derivative contracts, 
foreign exchange derivative contracts, equity derivative contracts, 
credit derivatives, commodity or other derivative contracts, 
repostyle transactions, and eligible margin loans.

   Table 11.7--General Disclosure for Counterparty Credit Risk of OTC
Derivative Contracts, Repo-Style Transactions, and Eligible Margin Loans
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The general qualitative disclosure
                                requirement with respect to OTC
                                derivatives, eligible margin loans, and
                                repo-style transactions, including:
                                  (1) Discussion of methodology used to
                                   assign economic capital and credit
                                   limits for counterparty credit
                                   exposures;
                                  (2) Discussion of policies for
                                   securing collateral, valuing and
                                   managing collateral, and establishing
                                   credit reserves;
                                  (3) Discussion of the primary types of
                                   collateral taken;
                                  (4) Discussion of policies with
                                   respect to wrong-way risk exposures;
                                   and
                                  (5) Discussion of the impact of the
                                   amount of collateral the [BANK] would
                                   have to provide if the [BANK] were to
                                   receive a credit rating downgrade.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) Gross positive fair value of
                                contracts, netting benefits, netted
                                current credit exposure, collateral held
                                (including type, for example, cash,
                                government securities), and net
                                unsecured credit exposure. \20\ Also
                                report measures for EAD used for
                                regulatory capital for these
                                transactions, the notional value of
                                credit derivative hedges purchased for
                                counterparty credit risk protection,
                                and, for [BANK]s not using the internal
                                models methodology in Sec.   ----
                                .132(d), the distribution of current
                                credit exposure by types of credit
                                exposure. \21\
                               (c) Notional amount of purchased and sold
                                credit derivatives, segregated between
                                use for the [BANK]'s own credit
                                portfolio and for its intermediation
                                activities, including the distribution
                                of the credit derivative products used,
                                categorized further by protection bought
                                and sold within each product group.
                               (d) The estimate of alpha if the [BANK]
                                has received supervisory approval to
                                estimate alpha.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


              Table 11.8--Credit Risk Mitigation \22\ \23\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The general qualitative disclosure
                                requirement with respect to credit risk
                                mitigation, including:
                                  (1) Policies and processes for, and an
                                   indication of the extent to which the
                                   [BANK] uses, on- or off-balance sheet
                                   netting;
                                  (2) Policies and processes for
                                   collateral valuation and management;
                                  (3) A description of the main types of
                                   collateral taken by the [BANK];
                                  (4) The main types of guarantors/
                                   credit derivative counterparties and
                                   their creditworthiness; and
                                  (5) Information about (market or
                                   credit) risk concentrations within
                                   the mitigation taken.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) For each separately disclosed
                                portfolio, the total exposure (after,
                                where applicable, on- or off-balance
                                sheet netting) that is covered by
                                guarantees/credit derivatives.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \22\ At a minimum, a [BANK] must provide the disclosures in 
Table 11.8 in relation to credit risk mitigation that has been 
recognized for the purposes of reducing capital requirements under 
this subpart. Where relevant, [BANK]s are encouraged to give further 
information about mitigants that have not been recognized for that 
purpose.
    \23\ Credit derivatives and other credit mitigation that are 
treated for the purposes of this subpart as synthetic securitization 
exposures should be excluded from the credit risk mitigation 
disclosures (in Table 11.8) and included within those relating to 
securitization (in Table 11.9).

                       Table 11.9--Securitization
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The general qualitative disclosure
                                requirement with respect to
                                securitization (including synthetic
                                securitizations), including a discussion
                                of:
                                  (1) The [BANK]'s objectives for
                                   securitizing assets, including the
                                   extent to which these activities
                                   transfer credit risk of the
                                   underlying exposures away from the
                                   [BANK] to other entities and
                                   including the type of risks assumed
                                   and retained with resecuritization
                                   activity; \24\
                                  (2) The nature of the risks (e.g.
                                   liquidity risk) inherent in the
                                   securitized assets;

[[Page 53040]]

 
                                  (3) The roles played by the [BANK] in
                                   the securitization process \25\ and
                                   an indication of the extent of the
                                   [BANK]'s involvement in each of them;
                                  (4) The processes in place to monitor
                                   changes in the credit and market risk
                                   of securitization exposures including
                                   how those processes differ for
                                   resecuritization exposures;
                                  (5) The [BANK]'s policy for mitigating
                                   the credit risk retained through
                                   securitization and resecuritization
                                   exposures; and
                                  (6) The risk-based capital approaches
                                   that the [BANK] follows for its
                                   securitization exposures including
                                   the type of securitization exposure
                                   to which each approach applies.
                               (b) A list of:
                                  (1) The type of securitization SPEs
                                   that the [BANK], as sponsor, uses to
                                   securitize third-party exposures. The
                                   [BANK] must indicate whether it has
                                   exposure to these SPEs, either on- or
                                   off- balance sheet; and
                                  (2) Affiliated entities:
                                    (i) That the [BANK] manages or
                                     advises; and
                                    (ii) That invest either in the
                                     securitization exposures that the
                                     [BANK] has securitized or in
                                     securitization SPEs that the [BANK]
                                     sponsors.\26\
                               (c) Summary of the [BANK]'s accounting
                                policies for securitization activities,
                                including:
                                  (1) Whether the transactions are
                                   treated as sales or financings;
                                  (2) Recognition of gain-on-sale;
                                  (3) Methods and key assumptions and
                                   inputs applied in valuing retained or
                                   purchased interests;
                                  (4) Changes in methods and key
                                   assumptions and inputs from the
                                   previous period for valuing retained
                                   interests and impact of the changes;
                                  (5) Treatment of synthetic
                                   securitizations;
                                  (6) How exposures intended to be
                                   securitized are valued and whether
                                   they are recorded under subpart E of
                                   this part; and
                                  (7) Policies for recognizing
                                   liabilities on the balance sheet for
                                   arrangements that could require the
                                   [BANK] to provide financial support
                                   for securitized assets.
                               (d) An explanation of significant changes
                                to any of the quantitative information
                                set forth below since the last reporting
                                period.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (e) The total outstanding exposures
                                securitized \27\ by the [BANK] in
                                securitizations that meet the
                                operational criteria in Sec.   ----.141
                                (categorized into traditional/
                                synthetic), by underlying exposure
                                type,\28\ separately for securitizations
                                of third-party exposures for which the
                                bank acts only as sponsor.
                               (f) For exposures securitized by the
                                [BANK] in securitizations that meet the
                                operational criteria in Sec.   ----.141:
                                  (1) Amount of securitized assets that
                                   are impaired \29\/past due
                                   categorized by exposure type; and
                                  (2) Losses recognized by the [BANK]
                                   during the current period categorized
                                   by exposure type.\30\
                               (g) The total amount of outstanding
                                exposures intended to be securitized
                                categorized by exposure type.
                               (h) Aggregate amount of:
                                  (1) On-balance sheet securitization
                                   exposures retained or purchased
                                   categorized by exposure type; and
                                  (2) Off-balance sheet securitization
                                   exposures categorized by exposure
                                   type.
                               (i)(1) Aggregate amount of securitization
                                exposures retained or purchased and the
                                associated capital requirements for
                                these exposures, categorized between
                                securitization and resecuritization
                                exposures, further categorized into a
                                meaningful number of risk weight bands
                                and by risk-based capital approach (e.g.
                                SA, SFA, or SSFA).
                                  (2) Exposures that have been deducted
                                   entirely from tier 1 capital, credit
                                   enhancing I/Os deducted from total
                                   capital (as described in Sec.   ----
                                   .42(a)(1), and other exposures
                                   deducted from total capital should be
                                   disclosed separately by exposure
                                   type.
                               (j) Summary of current year's
                                securitization activity, including the
                                amount of exposures securitized (by
                                exposure type), and recognized gain or
                                loss on sale by asset type.
                               (k) Aggregate amount of resecuritization
                                exposures retained or purchased
                                categorized according to:
                                  (1) Exposures to which credit risk
                                   mitigation is applied and those not
                                   applied; and
                                  (2) Exposures to guarantors
                                   categorized according to guarantor
                                   credit worthiness categories or
                                   guarantor name.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \24\ The [BANK] must describe the structure of resecuritizations 
in which it participates; this description must be provided for the 
main categories of resecuritization products in which the [BANK] is 
active.
    \25\ For example, these roles would include originator, 
investor, servicer, provider of credit enhancement, sponsor, 
liquidity provider, or swap provider.
    \26\ For example, money market mutual funds should be listed 
individually, and personal and private trusts should be noted 
collectively.
    \27\ ``Exposures securitized'' include underlying exposures 
originated by the bank, whether generated by them or purchased, and 
recognized in the balance sheet, from third parties, and third-party 
exposures included in sponsored transactions. Securitization 
transactions (including underlying exposures originally on the 
bank's balance sheet and underlying exposures acquired by the bank 
from third-party entities) in which the originating bank does not 
retain any securitization exposure should be shown separately but 
need only be reported for the year of inception.
    \28\ A [BANK] is required to disclose exposures regardless of 
whether there is a capital charge under Pillar 1.
    \29\ A [BANK] must include credit-related other than temporary 
impairment (OTTI).
    \30\ For example, charge-offs/allowances (if the assets remain 
on the bank's balance sheet) or credit-related OTTI of I/O strips 
and other retained residual interests, as well as recognition of 
liabilities for probable future financial support required of the 
bank with respect to securitized assets.

                      Table 11.10--Operational Risk
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The general qualitative disclosure
                                requirement for operational risk.
                               (b) Description of the AMA, including a
                                discussion of relevant internal and
                                external factors considered in the
                                [BANK]'s measurement approach.

[[Page 53041]]

 
                               (c) A description of the use of insurance
                                for the purpose of mitigating
                                operational risk.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


       Table 11.11--Equities Not Subject to Subpart F of This Part
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The general qualitative disclosure
                                requirement with respect to the equity
                                risk of equity holdings not subject to
                                subpart F of this part, including:
                                  (1) Differentiation between holdings
                                   on which capital gains are expected
                                   and those held for other objectives,
                                   including for relationship and
                                   strategic reasons; and
                                  (2) Discussion of important policies
                                   covering the valuation of and
                                   accounting for equity holdings not
                                   subject to subpart F of this [PART].
                                   This includes the accounting
                                   methodology and valuation
                                   methodologies used, including key
                                   assumptions and practices affecting
                                   valuation as well as significant
                                   changes in these practices.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) Carrying value on the balance sheet
                                of equity investments, as well as the
                                fair value of those investments.
                               (c) The types and nature of investments,
                                including the amount that is:
                                  (1) Publicly-traded; and
                                  (2) Non-publicly-traded.
                               (d) The cumulative realized gains
                                (losses) arising from sales and
                                liquidations in the reporting period.
                               (e)(1) Total unrealized gains (losses)
                                \31\
                                  (2) Total latent revaluation gains
                                   (losses) \32\
                                  (3) Any amounts of the above included
                                   in tier 1 and/or tier 2 capital.
                               (f) Capital requirements categorized by
                                appropriate equity groupings, consistent
                                with the [BANK]'s methodology, as well
                                as the aggregate amounts and the type of
                                equity investments subject to any
                                supervisory transition regarding total
                                capital requirements.\33\
------------------------------------------------------------------------


       Table 11.12--Interest Rate Risk for Non-Trading Activities
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qualitative disclosures......  (a) The general qualitative disclosure
                                requirement, including the nature of
                                interest rate risk for non-trading
                                activities and key assumptions,
                                including assumptions regarding loan
                                prepayments and behavior of non-maturity
                                deposits, and frequency of measurement
                                of interest rate risk for non-trading
                                activities.
Quantitative disclosures.....  (b) The increase (decline) in earnings or
                                economic value (or relevant measure used
                                by management) for upward and downward
                                rate shocks according to management's
                                method for measuring interest rate risk
                                for non-trading activities, categorized
                                by currency (as appropriate).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \31\ Unrealized gains (losses) recognized in the balance sheet 
but not through earnings.
    \32\ Unrealized gains (losses) not recognized either in the 
balance sheet or through earnings.
    \33\ This disclosure must include a breakdown of equities that 
are subject to the 0 percent, 20 percent, 100 percent, 300 percent, 
400 percent, and 600 percent risk weights, as applicable.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Subpart F--Risk-Weighted Assets--Market Risk


Sec.  ----.201  Purpose, applicability, and reservation of authority.

    (a) Purpose. This subpart F establishes risk-based capital 
requirements for [BANK]s with significant exposure to market risk, 
provides methods for these [BANK]s to calculate their standardized 
measure for market risk and, if applicable, advanced measure for market 
risk, and establishes public disclosure requirements.
    (b) Applicability. (1) This subpart applies to any [BANK] with 
aggregate trading assets and trading liabilities (as reported in the 
[BANK]'s most recent quarterly [regulatory report]), equal to:
    (i) 10 percent or more of quarter-end total assets as reported on 
the most recent quarterly [Call Report or FR Y-9C]; or
    (ii) $1 billion or more.
    (2) The [AGENCY] may apply this subpart to any [BANK] if the 
[AGENCY] deems it necessary or appropriate because of the level of 
market risk of the [BANK] or to ensure safe and sound banking 
practices.
    (3) The [AGENCY] may exclude a [BANK] that meets the criteria of 
paragraph (b)(1) of this section from application of this subpart if 
the [AGENCY] determines that the exclusion is appropriate based on the 
level of market risk of the [BANK] and is consistent with safe and 
sound banking practices.
    (c) Reservation of authority. (1) The [AGENCY] may require a [BANK] 
to hold an amount of capital greater than otherwise required under this 
subpart if the [AGENCY] determines that the [BANK]'s capital 
requirement for market risk as calculated under this subpart is not 
commensurate with the market risk of the [BANK]'s covered positions. In 
making determinations under paragraphs (c)(1) through (c)(3) of this 
section, the [AGENCY] will apply notice and response procedures 
generally in the same manner as the notice and response procedures set 
forth in [12 CFR 3.12, 12 CFR 263.202, 12 CFR 325.6(c), 12 CFR 
567.3(d)].
    (2) If the [AGENCY] determines that the risk-based capital 
requirement calculated under this subpart by the [BANK] for one or more 
covered positions or portfolios of covered positions is not 
commensurate with the risks associated with those positions or 
portfolios, the [AGENCY] may require the [BANK] to assign a different 
risk-based capital requirement to the positions or portfolios that more 
accurately reflects the risk of the positions or portfolios.
    (3) The [AGENCY] may also require a [BANK] to calculate risk-based 
capital requirements for specific positions or portfolios under this 
subpart, or under subpart D or subpart E of this part, as appropriate, 
to more accurately reflect the risks of the positions.
    (4) Nothing in this subpart limits the authority of the [AGENCY] 
under any other provision of law or regulation to take supervisory or 
enforcement action, including action to address unsafe or unsound 
practices or conditions, deficient capital levels, or violations of 
law.


Sec.  ----.202  Definitions.

    (a) Terms set forth in Sec.  ----.2 and used in this subpart have 
the definitions assigned thereto in Sec.  ----.2.

[[Page 53042]]

    (b) For the purposes of this subpart, the following terms are 
defined as follows:
    Backtesting means the comparison of a [BANK]'s internal estimates 
with actual outcomes during a sample period not used in model 
development. For purposes of this subpart, backtesting is one form of 
out-of-sample testing.
    Commodity position means a position for which price risk arises 
from changes in the price of a commodity.
    Corporate debt position means a debt position that is an exposure 
to a company that is not a sovereign entity, the Bank for International 
Settlements, the European Central Bank, the European Commission, the 
International Monetary Fund, a multilateral development bank, a 
depository institution, a foreign bank, a credit union, a public sector 
entity, a government-sponsored entity, or a securitization.
    Correlation trading position means:
    (1) A securitization position for which all or substantially all of 
the value of the underlying exposures is based on the credit quality of 
a single company for which a two-way market exists, or on commonly 
traded indices based on such exposures for which a two-way market 
exists on the indices; or
    (2) A position that is not a securitization position and that 
hedges a position described in paragraph (1) of this definition; and
    (3) A correlation trading position does not include:
    (i) A resecuritization position;
    (ii) A derivative of a securitization position that does not 
provide a pro rata share in the proceeds of a securitization tranche; 
or
    (iii) A securitization position for which the underlying assets or 
reference exposures are retail exposures, residential mortgage 
exposures, or commercial mortgage exposures.
    Covered position means the following positions:
    (1) A trading asset or trading liability (whether on- or off-
balance sheet),\1\ as reported on Schedule RC-D of the Call Report or 
Schedule HC-D of the FR Y-9C, that meets the following conditions:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Securities subject to repurchase and lending agreements are 
included as if they are still owned by the lender.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (i) The position is a trading position or hedges another covered 
position; \2\ and
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ A position that hedges a trading position must be within the 
scope of the bank's hedging strategy as described in paragraph 
(a)(2) of section 203 of this subpart.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (ii) The position is free of any restrictive covenants on its 
tradability or the [BANK] is able to hedge the material risk elements 
of the position in a two-way market;
    (2) A foreign exchange or commodity position, regardless of whether 
the position is a trading asset or trading liability (excluding any 
structural foreign currency positions that the [BANK] chooses to 
exclude with prior supervisory approval); and
    (3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2) of this definition, a 
covered position does not include:
    (i) An intangible asset, including any servicing asset;
    (ii) Any hedge of a trading position that the [AGENCY] determines 
to be outside the scope of the [BANK]'s hedging strategy required in 
paragraph (a)(2) of Sec.  ----.203;
    (iii) Any position that, in form or substance, acts as a liquidity 
facility that provides support to asset-backed commercial paper;
    (iv) A credit derivative the [BANK] recognizes as a guarantee for 
risk-weighted asset amount calculation purposes under subpart D or 
subpart E of this part;
    (v) Any position that is recognized as a credit valuation 
adjustment hedge under Sec.  ----.132(e)(5) or Sec.  ----.132(e)(6), 
except as provided in Sec.  ----.132(e)(6)(vii);
    (vi) Any equity position that is not publicly traded, other than a 
derivative that references a publicly traded equity;
    (vii) Any position a [BANK] holds with the intent to securitize; or
    (viii) Any direct real estate holding.
    Debt position means a covered position that is not a securitization 
position or a correlation trading position and that has a value that 
reacts primarily to changes in interest rates or credit spreads.
    Default by a sovereign entity has the same meaning as the term 
sovereign default under Sec.  ----.2.
    Equity position means a covered position that is not a 
securitization position or a correlation trading position and that has 
a value that reacts primarily to changes in equity prices.
    Event risk means the risk of loss on equity or hybrid equity 
positions as a result of a financial event, such as the announcement or 
occurrence of a company merger, acquisition, spin-off, or dissolution.
    Foreign exchange position means a position for which price risk 
arises from changes in foreign exchange rates.
    General market risk means the risk of loss that could result from 
broad market movements, such as changes in the general level of 
interest rates, credit spreads, equity prices, foreign exchange rates, 
or commodity prices.
    Hedge means a position or positions that offset all, or 
substantially all, of one or more material risk factors of another 
position.
    Idiosyncratic risk means the risk of loss in the value of a 
position that arises from changes in risk factors unique to that 
position.
    Incremental risk means the default risk and credit migration risk 
of a position. Default risk means the risk of loss on a position that 
could result from the failure of an obligor to make timely payments of 
principal or interest on its debt obligation, and the risk of loss that 
could result from bankruptcy, insolvency, or similar proceeding. Credit 
migration risk means the price risk that arises from significant 
changes in the underlying credit quality of the position.
    Market risk means the risk of loss on a position that could result 
from movements in market prices.
    Resecuritization position means a covered position that is:
    (1) An on- or off-balance sheet exposure to a resecuritization; or
    (2) An exposure that directly or indirectly references a 
resecuritization exposure in paragraph (1) of this definition.
    Securitization means a transaction in which:
    (1) All or a portion of the credit risk of one or more underlying 
exposures is transferred to one or more third parties;
    (2) The credit risk associated with the underlying exposures has 
been separated into at least two tranches that reflect different levels 
of seniority;
    (3) Performance of the securitization exposures depends upon the 
performance of the underlying exposures;
    (4) All or substantially all of the underlying exposures are 
financial exposures (such as loans, commitments, credit derivatives, 
guarantees, receivables, asset-backed securities, mortgage-backed 
securities, other debt securities, or equity securities);
    (5) For non-synthetic securitizations, the underlying exposures are 
not owned by an operating company;
    (6) The underlying exposures are not owned by a small business 
investment company described in section 302 of the Small Business 
Investment Act;
    (7) The underlying exposures are not owned by a firm an investment 
in which qualifies as a community development investment under section 
24 (Eleventh) of the National Bank Act;
    (8) The [AGENCY] may determine that a transaction in which the 
underlying exposures are owned by an investment firm that exercises 
substantially unfettered control over the size and composition of its 
assets, liabilities, and off-balance sheet

[[Page 53043]]

exposures is not a securitization based on the transaction's leverage, 
risk profile, or economic substance;
    (9) The [AGENCY] may deem an exposure to a transaction that meets 
the definition of a securitization, notwithstanding paragraph (5), (6), 
or (7) of this definition, to be a securitization based on the 
transaction's leverage, risk profile, or economic substance; and
    (10) The transaction is not:
    (i) An investment fund;
    (ii) A collective investment fund (as defined in 12 CFR 208.34 
(Board), 12 CFR 9.18 (OCC), and 12 CFR 344.3 (FDIC);
    (iii) A pension fund regulated under the ERISA or a foreign 
equivalent thereof; or
    (iv) Regulated under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 
80a-1) or a foreign equivalent thereof.
    Securitization position means a covered position that is:
    (1) An on-balance sheet or off-balance sheet credit exposure 
(including credit-enhancing representations and warranties) that arises 
from a securitization (including a resecuritization); or
    (2) An exposure that directly or indirectly references a 
securitization exposure described in paragraph (1) of this definition.
    Sovereign debt position means a direct exposure to a sovereign 
entity.
    Specific risk means the risk of loss on a position that could 
result from factors other than broad market movements and includes 
event risk, default risk, and idiosyncratic risk.
    Structural position in a foreign currency means a position that is 
not a trading position and that is:
    (1) Subordinated debt, equity, or minority interest in a 
consolidated subsidiary that is denominated in a foreign currency;
    (2) Capital assigned to foreign branches that is denominated in a 
foreign currency;
    (3) A position related to an unconsolidated subsidiary or another 
item that is denominated in a foreign currency and that is deducted 
from the [BANK]'s tier 1 or tier 2 capital; or
    (4) A position designed to hedge a [BANK]'s capital ratios or 
earnings against the effect on paragraphs (1), (2), or (3) of this 
definition of adverse exchange rate movements.
    Term repo-style transaction means a repo-style transaction that has 
an original maturity in excess of one business day.
    Trading position means a position that is held by the [BANK] for 
the purpose of short-term resale or with the intent of benefiting from 
actual or expected short-term price movements, or to lock in arbitrage 
profits.
    Two-way market means a market where there are independent bona fide 
offers to buy and sell so that a price reasonably related to the last 
sales price or current bona fide competitive bid and offer quotations 
can be determined within one day and settled at that price within a 
relatively short timeframe conforming to trade custom.
    Value-at-Risk (VaR) means the estimate of the maximum amount that 
the value of one or more positions could decline due to market price or 
rate movements during a fixed holding period within a stated confidence 
interval.


Sec.  ----.203  Requirements for application of this subpart F.

    (a) Trading positions. (1) Identification of trading positions. A 
[BANK] must have clearly defined policies and procedures for 
determining which of its trading assets and trading liabilities are 
trading positions and which of its trading positions are correlation 
trading positions. These policies and procedures must take into 
account:
    (i) The extent to which a position, or a hedge of its material 
risks, can be marked-to-market daily by reference to a two-way market; 
and
    (ii) Possible impairments to the liquidity of a position or its 
hedge.
    (2) Trading and hedging strategies. A [BANK] must have clearly 
defined trading and hedging strategies for its trading positions that 
are approved by senior management of the [BANK].
    (i) The trading strategy must articulate the expected holding 
period of, and the market risk associated with, each portfolio of 
trading positions.
    (ii) The hedging strategy must articulate for each portfolio of 
trading positions the level of market risk the [BANK] is willing to 
accept and must detail the instruments, techniques, and strategies the 
[BANK] will use to hedge the risk of the portfolio.
    (b) Management of covered positions. (1) Active management. A 
[BANK] must have clearly defined policies and procedures for actively 
managing all covered positions. At a minimum, these policies and 
procedures must require:
    (i) Marking positions to market or to model on a daily basis;
    (ii) Daily assessment of the [BANK]'s ability to hedge position and 
portfolio risks, and of the extent of market liquidity;
    (iii) Establishment and daily monitoring of limits on positions by 
a risk control unit independent of the trading business unit;
    (iv) Daily monitoring by senior management of information described 
in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (b)(1)(iii) of this section;
    (v) At least annual reassessment of established limits on positions 
by senior management; and
    (vi) At least annual assessments by qualified personnel of the 
quality of market inputs to the valuation process, the soundness of key 
assumptions, the reliability of parameter estimation in pricing models, 
and the stability and accuracy of model calibration under alternative 
market scenarios.
    (2) Valuation of covered positions. The [BANK] must have a process 
for prudent valuation of its covered positions that includes policies 
and procedures on the valuation of positions, marking positions to 
market or to model, independent price verification, and valuation 
adjustments or reserves. The valuation process must consider, as 
appropriate, unearned credit spreads, close-out costs, early 
termination costs, investing and funding costs, liquidity, and model 
risk.
    (c) Requirements for internal models. (1) A [BANK] must obtain the 
prior written approval of the [AGENCY] before using any internal model 
to calculate its risk-based capital requirement under this subpart.
    (2) A [BANK] must meet all of the requirements of this section on 
an ongoing basis. The [BANK] must promptly notify the [AGENCY] when:
    (i) The [BANK] plans to extend the use of a model that the [AGENCY] 
has approved under this subpart to an additional business line or 
product type;
    (ii) The [BANK] makes any change to an internal model approved by 
the [AGENCY] under this subpart that would result in a material change 
in the [BANK]'s risk-weighted asset amount for a portfolio of covered 
positions; or
    (iii) The [BANK] makes any material change to its modeling 
assumptions.
    (3) The [AGENCY] may rescind its approval of the use of any 
internal model (in whole or in part) or of the determination of the 
approach under Sec.  ----.209(a)(2)(ii) for a [BANK]'s modeled 
correlation trading positions and determine an appropriate capital 
requirement for the covered positions to which the model would apply, 
if the [AGENCY] determines that the model no longer complies with this 
subpart or fails to reflect accurately the risks of the [BANK]'s 
covered positions.
    (4) The [BANK] must periodically, but no less frequently than 
annually, review its internal models in light of developments in 
financial markets and modeling technologies, and enhance those models 
as appropriate to ensure

[[Page 53044]]

that they continue to meet the [AGENCY]'s standards for model approval 
and employ risk measurement methodologies that are most appropriate for 
the [BANK]'s covered positions.
    (5) The [BANK] must incorporate its internal models into its risk 
management process and integrate the internal models used for 
calculating its VaR-based measure into its daily risk management 
process.
    (6) The level of sophistication of a [BANK]'s internal models must 
be commensurate with the complexity and amount of its covered 
positions. A [BANK]'s internal models may use any of the generally 
accepted approaches, including but not limited to variance-covariance 
models, historical simulations, or Monte Carlo simulations, to measure 
market risk.
    (7) The [BANK]'s internal models must properly measure all the 
material risks in the covered positions to which they are applied.
    (8) The [BANK]'s internal models must conservatively assess the 
risks arising from less liquid positions and positions with limited 
price transparency under realistic market scenarios.
    (9) The [BANK] must have a rigorous and well-defined process for 
re-estimating, re-evaluating, and updating its internal models to 
ensure continued applicability and relevance.
    (10) If a [BANK] uses internal models to measure specific risk, the 
internal models must also satisfy the requirements in paragraph (b)(1) 
of Sec.  ----.207.
    (d) Control, oversight, and validation mechanisms. (1) The [BANK] 
must have a risk control unit that reports directly to senior 
management and is independent from the business trading units.
    (2) The [BANK] must validate its internal models initially and on 
an ongoing basis. The [BANK]'s validation process must be independent 
of the internal models' development, implementation, and operation, or 
the validation process must be subjected to an independent review of 
its adequacy and effectiveness. Validation must include:
    (i) An evaluation of the conceptual soundness of (including 
developmental evidence supporting) the internal models;
    (ii) An ongoing monitoring process that includes verification of 
processes and the comparison of the [BANK]'s model outputs with 
relevant internal and external data sources or estimation techniques; 
and
    (iii) An outcomes analysis process that includes backtesting. For 
internal models used to calculate the VaR-based measure, this process 
must include a comparison of the changes in the [BANK]'s portfolio 
value that would have occurred were end-of-day positions to remain 
unchanged (therefore, excluding fees, commissions, reserves, net 
interest income, and intraday trading) with VaR-based measures during a 
sample period not used in model development.
    (3) The [BANK] must stress test the market risk of its covered 
positions at a frequency appropriate to each portfolio, and in no case 
less frequently than quarterly. The stress tests must take into account 
concentration risk (including but not limited to concentrations in 
single issuers, industries, sectors, or markets), illiquidity under 
stressed market conditions, and risks arising from the [BANK]'s trading 
activities that may not be adequately captured in its internal models.
    (4) The [BANK] must have an internal audit function independent of 
business-line management that at least annually assesses the 
effectiveness of the controls supporting the [BANK]'s market risk 
measurement systems, including the activities of the business trading 
units and independent risk control unit, compliance with policies and 
procedures, and calculation of the [BANK]'s measures for market risk 
under this subpart. At least annually, the internal audit function must 
report its findings to the [BANK]'s board of directors (or a committee 
thereof).
    (e) Internal assessment of capital adequacy. The [BANK] must have a 
rigorous process for assessing its overall capital adequacy in relation 
to its market risk. The assessment must take into account risks that 
may not be captured fully in the VaR-based measure, including 
concentration and liquidity risk under stressed market conditions.
    (f) Documentation. The [BANK] must adequately document all material 
aspects of its internal models, management and valuation of covered 
positions, control, oversight, validation and review processes and 
results, and internal assessment of capital adequacy.


Sec.  ----.204  Measure for market risk.

    (a) General requirement. (1) A [BANK] must calculate its 
standardized measure for market risk by following the steps described 
in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. An advanced approaches [BANK] also 
must calculate an advanced measure for market risk by following the 
steps in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.
    (2) Measure for market risk. A [BANK] must calculate the 
standardized measure for market risk, which equals the sum of the VaR-
based capital requirement, stressed VaR-based capital requirement, 
specific risk add-ons, incremental risk capital requirement, 
comprehensive risk capital requirement, and capital requirement for de 
minimis exposures all as defined under this paragraph (a)(2), (except, 
that the [BANK] may not use the SFA in section 210(b)(2)(vii)(B) of 
this subpart for purposes of this calculation). An advanced approaches 
[BANK] also must calculate the advanced measure for market risk, which 
equals the sum of the VaR-based capital requirement, stressed VaR-based 
capital requirement, specific risk add-ons, incremental risk capital 
requirement, comprehensive risk capital requirement, and capital 
requirement for de minimis exposures as defined under this paragraph 
(a)(2).
    (i) VaR-based capital requirement. A [BANK]'s VaR-based capital 
requirement equals the greater of:
    (A) The previous day's VaR-based measure as calculated under Sec.  
----.205; or
    (B) The average of the daily VaR-based measures as calculated under 
Sec.  ----.205 for each of the preceding 60 business days multiplied by 
three, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (ii) Stressed VaR-based capital requirement. A [BANK]'s stressed 
VaR-based capital requirement equals the greater of:
    (A) The most recent stressed VaR-based measure as calculated under 
Sec.  ----.206; or
    (B) The average of the stressed VaR-based measures as calculated 
under Sec.  ----.206 for each of the preceding 12 weeks multiplied by 
three, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (iii) Specific risk add-ons. A [BANK]'s specific risk add-ons equal 
any specific risk add-ons that are required under Sec.  ----.207 and 
are calculated in accordance with Sec.  ----.210.
    (iv) Incremental risk capital requirement. A [BANK]'s incremental 
risk capital requirement equals any incremental risk capital 
requirement as calculated under section 208 of this subpart.
    (v) Comprehensive risk capital requirement. A [BANK]'s 
comprehensive risk capital requirement equals any comprehensive risk 
capital requirement as calculated under section 209 of this subpart.
    (vi) Capital requirement for de minimis exposures. A [BANK]'s 
capital requirement for de minimis exposures equals:

[[Page 53045]]

    (A) The absolute value of the market value of those de minimis 
exposures that are not captured in the [BANK]'s VaR-based measure or 
under paragraph (a)(2)(vi)(B) of this section; and
    (B) With the prior written approval of the [AGENCY], the capital 
requirement for any de minimis exposures using alternative techniques 
that appropriately measure the market risk associated with those 
exposures.
    (b) Backtesting. A [BANK] must compare each of its most recent 250 
business days' trading losses (excluding fees, commissions, reserves, 
net interest income, and intraday trading) with the corresponding daily 
VaR-based measures calibrated to a one-day holding period and at a one-
tail, 99.0 percent confidence level. A [BANK] must begin backtesting as 
required by this paragraph no later than one year after the later of 
January 1, 2013 and the date on which the [BANK] becomes subject to 
this subpart. In the interim, consistent with safety and soundness 
principles, a [BANK] subject to this subpart as of its effective date 
should continue to follow backtesting procedures in accordance with the 
[AGENCY]'s supervisory expectations.
    (1) Once each quarter, the [BANK] must identify the number of 
exceptions (that is, the number of business days for which the actual 
daily net trading loss, if any, exceeds the corresponding daily VaR-
based measure) that have occurred over the preceding 250 business days.
    (2) A [BANK] must use the multiplication factor in table 1 that 
corresponds to the number of exceptions identified in paragraph (b)(1) 
of this section to determine its VaR-based capital requirement for 
market risk under paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section and to determine 
its stressed VaR-based capital requirement for market risk under 
paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section until it obtains the next 
quarter's backtesting results, unless the [AGENCY] notifies the [BANK] 
in writing that a different adjustment or other action is appropriate.

     Table 1--Multiplication Factors Based on Results of Backtesting
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Multiplication
                Number of exceptions                        factor
------------------------------------------------------------------------
4 or fewer..........................................                3.00
5...................................................                3.40
6...................................................                3.50
7...................................................                3.65
8...................................................                3.75
9...................................................                3.85
10 or more..........................................                4.00
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sec.  ----.205  VaR-based measure.

    (a) General requirement. A [BANK] must use one or more internal 
models to calculate daily a VaR-based measure of the general market 
risk of all covered positions. The daily VaR-based measure also may 
reflect the [BANK]'s specific risk for one or more portfolios of debt 
and equity positions, if the internal models meet the requirements of 
paragraph (b)(1) of Sec.  ----.207. The daily VaR-based measure must 
also reflect the [BANK]'s specific risk for any portfolio of 
correlation trading positions that is modeled under Sec.  ----.209. A 
[BANK] may elect to include term repo-style transactions in its VaR-
based measure, provided that the [BANK] includes all such term repo-
style transactions consistently over time.
    (1) The [BANK]'s internal models for calculating its VaR-based 
measure must use risk factors sufficient to measure the market risk 
inherent in all covered positions. The market risk categories must 
include, as appropriate, interest rate risk, credit spread risk, equity 
price risk, foreign exchange risk, and commodity price risk. For 
material positions in the major currencies and markets, modeling 
techniques must incorporate enough segments of the yield curve--in no 
case less than six--to capture differences in volatility and less than 
perfect correlation of rates along the yield curve.
    (2) The VaR-based measure may incorporate empirical correlations 
within and across risk categories, provided the [BANK] validates and 
demonstrates the reasonableness of its process for measuring 
correlations. If the VaR-based measure does not incorporate empirical 
correlations across risk categories, the [BANK] must add the separate 
measures from its internal models used to calculate the VaR-based 
measure for the appropriate market risk categories (interest rate risk, 
credit spread risk, equity price risk, foreign exchange rate risk, and/
or commodity price risk) to determine its aggregate VaR-based measure.
    (3) The VaR-based measure must include the risks arising from the 
nonlinear price characteristics of options positions or positions with 
embedded optionality and the sensitivity of the market value of the 
positions to changes in the volatility of the underlying rates, prices, 
or other material risk factors. A [BANK] with a large or complex 
options portfolio must measure the volatility of options positions or 
positions with embedded optionality by different maturities and/or 
strike prices, where material.
    (4) The [BANK] must be able to justify to the satisfaction of the 
[AGENCY] the omission of any risk factors from the calculation of its 
VaR-based measure that the [BANK] uses in its pricing models.
    (5) The [BANK] must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the [AGENCY] 
the appropriateness of any proxies used to capture the risks of the 
[BANK]'s actual positions for which such proxies are used.
    (b) Quantitative requirements for VaR-based measure. (1) The VaR-
based measure must be calculated on a daily basis using a one-tail, 
99.0 percent confidence level, and a holding period equivalent to a 10-
business-day movement in underlying risk factors, such as rates, 
spreads, and prices. To calculate VaR-based measures using a 10-
business-day holding period, the [BANK] may calculate 10-business-day 
measures directly or may convert VaR-based measures using holding 
periods other than 10 business days to the equivalent of a 10-business-
day holding period. A [BANK] that converts its VaR-based measure in 
such a manner must be able to justify the reasonableness of its 
approach to the satisfaction of the [AGENCY].
    (2) The VaR-based measure must be based on a historical observation 
period of at least one year. Data used to determine the VaR-based 
measure must be relevant to the [BANK]'s actual exposures and of 
sufficient quality to support the calculation of risk-based capital 
requirements. The [BANK] must update data sets at least monthly or more 
frequently as changes in market conditions or portfolio composition 
warrant. For a [BANK] that uses a weighting scheme or other method for 
the historical observation period, the [BANK] must either:
    (i) Use an effective observation period of at least one year in 
which the average time lag of the observations is at least six months; 
or
    (ii) Demonstrate to the [AGENCY] that its weighting scheme is more 
effective than a weighting scheme with an average time lag of at least 
six months representing the volatility of the [BANK]'s trading 
portfolio over a full business cycle. A [BANK] using this option must 
update its data more frequently than monthly and in a manner 
appropriate for the type of weighting scheme.
    (c) A [BANK] must divide its portfolio into a number of significant 
subportfolios approved by the [AGENCY] for subportfolio backtesting 
purposes. These subportfolios must be sufficient to allow the [BANK] 
and the [AGENCY] to assess the adequacy of the VaR model at the risk 
factor level; the [AGENCY] will evaluate the

[[Page 53046]]

appropriateness of these subportfolios relative to the value and 
composition of the [BANK]'s covered positions. The [BANK] must retain 
and make available to the [AGENCY] the following information for each 
subportfolio for each business day over the previous two years (500 
business days), with no more than a 60-day lag:
    (1) A daily VaR-based measure for the subportfolio calibrated to a 
one-tail, 99.0 percent confidence level;
    (2) The daily profit or loss for the subportfolio (that is, the net 
change in price of the positions held in the portfolio at the end of 
the previous business day); and
    (3) The p-value of the profit or loss on each day (that is, the 
probability of observing a profit that is less than, or a loss that is 
greater than, the amount reported for purposes of paragraph (c)(2) of 
this section based on the model used to calculate the VaR-based measure 
described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section).


Sec.  ----.206  Stressed VaR-based measure.

    (a) General requirement. At least weekly, a [BANK] must use the 
same internal model(s) used to calculate its VaR-based measure to 
calculate a stressed VaR-based measure.
    (b) Quantitative requirements for stressed VaR-based measure. (1) A 
[BANK] must calculate a stressed VaR-based measure for its covered 
positions using the same model(s) used to calculate the VaR-based 
measure, subject to the same confidence level and holding period 
applicable to the VaR-based measure under Sec.  ----.205, but with 
model inputs calibrated to historical data from a continuous 12-month 
period that reflects a period of significant financial stress 
appropriate to the [BANK]'s current portfolio.
    (2) The stressed VaR-based measure must be calculated at least 
weekly and be no less than the [BANK]'s VaR-based measure.
    (3) A [BANK] must have policies and procedures that describe how it 
determines the period of significant financial stress used to calculate 
the [BANK]'s stressed VaR-based measure under this section and must be 
able to provide empirical support for the period used. The [BANK] must 
obtain the prior approval of the [AGENCY] for, and notify the [AGENCY] 
if the [BANK] makes any material changes to, these policies and 
procedures. The policies and procedures must address:
    (i) How the [BANK] links the period of significant financial stress 
used to calculate the stressed VaR-based measure to the composition and 
directional bias of its current portfolio; and
    (ii) The [BANK]'s process for selecting, reviewing, and updating 
the period of significant financial stress used to calculate the 
stressed VaR-based measure and for monitoring the appropriateness of 
the period to the [BANK]'s current portfolio.
    (4) Nothing in this section prevents the [AGENCY] from requiring a 
[BANK] to use a different period of significant financial stress in the 
calculation of the stressed VaR-based measure.


Sec.  ----.207  Specific risk.

    (a) General requirement. A [BANK] must use one of the methods in 
this section to measure the specific risk for each of its debt, equity, 
and securitization positions with specific risk.
    (b) Modeled specific risk. A [BANK] may use models to measure the 
specific risk of covered positions as provided in paragraph (a) of 
section 205 of this subpart (therefore, excluding securitization 
positions that are not modeled under section 209 of this subpart). A 
[BANK] must use models to measure the specific risk of correlation 
trading positions that are modeled under Sec.  ----.209.
    (1) Requirements for specific risk modeling. (i) If a [BANK] uses 
internal models to measure the specific risk of a portfolio, the 
internal models must:
    (A) Explain the historical price variation in the portfolio;
    (B) Be responsive to changes in market conditions;
    (C) Be robust to an adverse environment, including signaling rising 
risk in an adverse environment; and
    (D) Capture all material components of specific risk for the debt 
and equity positions in the portfolio. Specifically, the internal 
models must:
    (1) Capture event risk and idiosyncratic risk;
    (2) Capture and demonstrate sensitivity to material differences 
between positions that are similar but not identical and to changes in 
portfolio composition and concentrations.
    (ii) If a [BANK] calculates an incremental risk measure for a 
portfolio of debt or equity positions under section 208 of this 
subpart, the [BANK] is not required to capture default and credit 
migration risks in its internal models used to measure the specific 
risk of those portfolios.
    (2) Specific risk fully modeled for one or more portfolios. If the 
[BANK]'s VaR-based measure captures all material aspects of specific 
risk for one or more of its portfolios of debt, equity, or correlation 
trading positions, the [BANK] has no specific risk add-on for those 
portfolios for purposes of paragraph (a)(2)(iii) of Sec.  ----.204.
    (c) Specific risk not modeled. (1) If the [BANK]'s VaR-based 
measure does not capture all material aspects of specific risk for a 
portfolio of debt, equity, or correlation trading positions, the [BANK] 
must calculate a specific-risk add-on for the portfolio under the 
standardized measurement method as described in Sec.  ----.210.
    (2) A [BANK] must calculate a specific risk add-on under the 
standardized measurement method as described in Sec.  ----.210 for all 
of its securitization positions that are not modeled under Sec.  --
--.209.


Sec.  ----.208  Incremental risk.

    (a) General requirement. A [BANK] that measures the specific risk 
of a portfolio of debt positions under Sec.  ----.207(b) using internal 
models must calculate at least weekly an incremental risk measure for 
that portfolio according to the requirements in this section. The 
incremental risk measure is the [BANK]'s measure of potential losses 
due to incremental risk over a one-year time horizon at a one-tail, 
99.9 percent confidence level, either under the assumption of a 
constant level of risk, or under the assumption of constant positions. 
With the prior approval of the [AGENCY], a [BANK] may choose to include 
portfolios of equity positions in its incremental risk model, provided 
that it consistently includes such equity positions in a manner that is 
consistent with how the [BANK] internally measures and manages the 
incremental risk of such positions at the portfolio level. If equity 
positions are included in the model, for modeling purposes default is 
considered to have occurred upon the default of any debt of the issuer 
of the equity position. A [BANK] may not include correlation trading 
positions or securitization positions in its incremental risk measure.
    (b) Requirements for incremental risk modeling. For purposes of 
calculating the incremental risk measure, the incremental risk model 
must:
    (1) Measure incremental risk over a one-year time horizon and at a 
one-tail, 99.9 percent confidence level, either under the assumption of 
a constant level of risk, or under the assumption of constant 
positions.
    (i) A constant level of risk assumption means that the [BANK] 
rebalances, or rolls over, its trading positions at the beginning of 
each liquidity horizon over the one-year horizon in a manner that 
maintains the [BANK]'s initial risk level. The [BANK] must determine 
the

[[Page 53047]]

frequency of rebalancing in a manner consistent with the liquidity 
horizons of the positions in the portfolio. The liquidity horizon of a 
position or set of positions is the time required for a [BANK] to 
reduce its exposure to, or hedge all of its material risks of, the 
position(s) in a stressed market. The liquidity horizon for a position 
or set of positions may not be less than the shorter of three months or 
the contractual maturity of the position.
    (ii) A constant position assumption means that the [BANK] maintains 
the same set of positions throughout the one-year horizon. If a [BANK] 
uses this assumption, it must do so consistently across all portfolios.
    (iii) A [BANK]'s selection of a constant position or a constant 
risk assumption must be consistent between the [BANK]'s incremental 
risk model and its comprehensive risk model described in section 209 of 
this subpart, if applicable.
    (iv) A [BANK]'s treatment of liquidity horizons must be consistent 
between the [BANK]'s incremental risk model and its comprehensive risk 
model described in section 209, if applicable.
    (2) Recognize the impact of correlations between default and 
migration events among obligors.
    (3) Reflect the effect of issuer and market concentrations, as well 
as concentrations that can arise within and across product classes 
during stressed conditions.
    (4) Reflect netting only of long and short positions that reference 
the same financial instrument.
    (5) Reflect any material mismatch between a position and its hedge.
    (6) Recognize the effect that liquidity horizons have on dynamic 
hedging strategies. In such cases, a [BANK] must:
    (i) Choose to model the rebalancing of the hedge consistently over 
the relevant set of trading positions;
    (ii) Demonstrate that the inclusion of rebalancing results in a 
more appropriate risk measurement;
    (iii) Demonstrate that the market for the hedge is sufficiently 
liquid to permit rebalancing during periods of stress; and
    (iv) Capture in the incremental risk model any residual risks 
arising from such hedging strategies.
    (7) Reflect the nonlinear impact of options and other positions 
with material nonlinear behavior with respect to default and migration 
changes.
    (8) Maintain consistency with the [BANK]'s internal risk management 
methodologies for identifying, measuring, and managing risk.
    (c) Calculation of incremental risk capital requirement. The 
incremental risk capital requirement is the greater of:
    (1) The average of the incremental risk measures over the previous 
12 weeks; or
    (2) The most recent incremental risk measure.


Sec.  ----.209  Comprehensive risk.

    (a) General requirement. (1) Subject to the prior approval of the 
[AGENCY], a [BANK] may use the method in this section to measure 
comprehensive risk, that is, all price risk, for one or more portfolios 
of correlation trading positions.
    (2) A [BANK] that measures the price risk of a portfolio of 
correlation trading positions using internal models must calculate at 
least weekly a comprehensive risk measure that captures all price risk 
according to the requirements of this section. The comprehensive risk 
measure is either:
    (i) The sum of:
    (A) The [BANK]'s modeled measure of all price risk determined 
according to the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section; and
    (B) A surcharge for the [BANK]'s modeled correlation trading 
positions equal to the total specific risk add-on for such positions as 
calculated under section 210 of this subpart multiplied by 8.0 percent; 
or
    (ii) With approval of the [AGENCY] and provided the [BANK] has met 
the requirements of this section for a period of at least one year and 
can demonstrate the effectiveness of the model through the results of 
ongoing model validation efforts including robust benchmarking, the 
greater of:
    (A) The [BANK]'s modeled measure of all price risk determined 
according to the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section; or
    (B) The total specific risk add-on that would apply to the bank's 
modeled correlation trading positions as calculated under section 210 
of this subpart multiplied by 8.0 percent.
    (b) Requirements for modeling all price risk. If a [BANK] uses an 
internal model to measure the price risk of a portfolio of correlation 
trading positions:
    (1) The internal model must measure comprehensive risk over a one-
year time horizon at a one-tail, 99.9 percent confidence level, either 
under the assumption of a constant level of risk, or under the 
assumption of constant positions.
    (2) The model must capture all material price risk, including but 
not limited to the following:
    (i) The risks associated with the contractual structure of cash 
flows of the position, its issuer, and its underlying exposures;
    (ii) Credit spread risk, including nonlinear price risks;
    (iii) The volatility of implied correlations, including nonlinear 
price risks such as the cross-effect between spreads and correlations;
    (iv) Basis risk;
    (v) Recovery rate volatility as it relates to the propensity for 
recovery rates to affect tranche prices; and
    (vi) To the extent the comprehensive risk measure incorporates the 
benefits of dynamic hedging, the static nature of the hedge over the 
liquidity horizon must be recognized. In such cases, a [BANK] must:
    (A) Choose to model the rebalancing of the hedge consistently over 
the relevant set of trading positions;
    (B) Demonstrate that the inclusion of rebalancing results in a more 
appropriate risk measurement;
    (C) Demonstrate that the market for the hedge is sufficiently 
liquid to permit rebalancing during periods of stress; and
    (D) Capture in the comprehensive risk model any residual risks 
arising from such hedging strategies;
    (3) The [BANK] must use market data that are relevant in 
representing the risk profile of the [BANK]'s correlation trading 
positions in order to ensure that the [BANK] fully captures the 
material risks of the correlation trading positions in its 
comprehensive risk measure in accordance with this section; and
    (4) The [BANK] must be able to demonstrate that its model is an 
appropriate representation of comprehensive risk in light of the 
historical price variation of its correlation trading positions.
    (c) Requirements for stress testing. (1) A [BANK] must at least 
weekly apply specific, supervisory stress scenarios to its portfolio of 
correlation trading positions that capture changes in:
    (i) Default rates;
    (ii) Recovery rates;
    (iii) Credit spreads;
    (iv) Correlations of underlying exposures; and
    (v) Correlations of a correlation trading position and its hedge.
    (2) Other requirements. (i) A [BANK] must retain and make available 
to the [AGENCY] the results of the supervisory stress testing, 
including comparisons with the capital requirements generated by the 
[BANK]'s comprehensive risk model.
    (ii) A [BANK] must report to the [AGENCY] promptly any instances 
where the stress tests indicate any material deficiencies in the 
comprehensive risk model.

[[Page 53048]]

    (d) Calculation of comprehensive risk capital requirement. The 
comprehensive risk capital requirement is the greater of:
    (1) The average of the comprehensive risk measures over the 
previous 12 weeks; or
    (2) The most recent comprehensive risk measure.


Sec.  ----.210  Standardized measurement method for specific risk.

    (a) General requirement. A [BANK] must calculate a total specific 
risk add-on for each portfolio of debt and equity positions for which 
the [BANK]'s VaR-based measure does not capture all material aspects of 
specific risk and for all securitization positions that are not modeled 
under Sec.  ----.209. A [BANK] must calculate each specific risk add-on 
in accordance with the requirements of this section. Notwithstanding 
any other definition or requirement in this appendix, a position that 
would have qualified as a debt position or an equity position but for 
the fact that it qualifies as a correlation trading position under 
paragraph (2) of the definition of correlation trading position in 
Sec.  ----.2, shall be considered a debt position or an equity 
position, respectively, for purposes of this section 210 of this 
subpart.
    (1) The specific risk add-on for an individual debt or 
securitization position that represents sold credit protection is 
capped at the notional amount of the credit derivative contract. The 
specific risk add-on for an individual debt or securitization position 
that represents purchased credit protection is capped at the current 
market value of the transaction plus the absolute value of the present 
value of all remaining payments to the protection seller under the 
transaction. This sum is equal to the value of the protection leg of 
the transaction.
    (2) For debt, equity, or securitization positions that are 
derivatives with linear payoffs, a [BANK] must assign a specific risk-
weighting factor to the market value of the effective notional amount 
of the underlying instrument or index portfolio, except for a 
securitization position for which the [BANK] directly calculates a 
specific risk add-on using the SFA in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) of this 
section. A swap must be included as an effective notional position in 
the underlying instrument or portfolio, with the receiving side treated 
as a long position and the paying side treated as a short position. For 
debt, equity, or securitization positions that are derivatives with 
nonlinear payoffs, a [BANK] must risk weight the market value of the 
effective notional amount of the underlying instrument or portfolio 
multiplied by the derivative's delta.
    (3) For debt, equity, or securitization positions, a [BANK] may net 
long and short positions (including derivatives) in identical issues or 
identical indices. A [BANK] may also net positions in depositary 
receipts against an opposite position in an identical equity in 
different markets, provided that the [BANK] includes the costs of 
conversion.
    (4) A set of transactions consisting of either a debt position and 
its credit derivative hedge or a securitization position and its credit 
derivative hedge has a specific risk add-on of zero if:
    (i) The debt or securitization position is fully hedged by a total 
return swap (or similar instrument where there is a matching of swap 
payments and changes in market value of the debt or securitization 
position);
    (ii) There is an exact match between the reference obligation of 
the swap and the debt or securitization position;
    (iii) There is an exact match between the currency of the swap and 
the debt or securitization position; and
    (iv) There is either an exact match between the maturity date of 
the swap and the maturity date of the debt or securitization position; 
or, in cases where a total return swap references a portfolio of 
positions with different maturity dates, the total return swap maturity 
date must match the maturity date of the underlying asset in that 
portfolio that has the latest maturity date.
    (5) The specific risk add-on for a set of transactions consisting 
of either a debt position and its credit derivative hedge or a 
securitization position and its credit derivative hedge that does not 
meet the criteria of paragraph (a)(4) of this section is equal to 20.0 
percent of the capital requirement for the side of the transaction with 
the higher specific risk add-on when:
    (i) The credit risk of the position is fully hedged by a credit 
default swap or similar instrument;
    (ii) There is an exact match between the reference obligation of 
the credit derivative hedge and the debt or securitization position;
    (iii) There is an exact match between the currency of the credit 
derivative hedge and the debt or securitization position; and
    (iv) There is either an exact match between the maturity date of 
the credit derivative hedge and the maturity date of the debt or 
securitization position; or, in the case where the credit derivative 
hedge has a standard maturity date:
    (A) The maturity date of the credit derivative hedge is within 30 
business days of the maturity date of the debt or securitization 
position; or
    (B) For purchased credit protection, the maturity date of the 
credit derivative hedge is later than the maturity date of the debt or 
securitization position, but is no later than the standard maturity 
date for that instrument that immediately follows the maturity date of 
the debt or securitization position. The maturity date of the credit 
derivative hedge may not exceed the maturity date of the debt or 
securitization position by more than 90 calendar days.
    (6) The specific risk add-on for a set of transactions consisting 
of either a debt position and its credit derivative hedge or a 
securitization position and its credit derivative hedge that does not 
meet the criteria of either paragraph (a)(4) or (a)(5) of this section, 
but in which all or substantially all of the price risk has been 
hedged, is equal to the specific risk add-on for the side of the 
transaction with the higher specific risk add-on.
    (b) Debt and securitization positions. (1) The total specific risk 
add-on for a portfolio of debt or securitization positions is the sum 
of the specific risk add-ons for individual debt or securitization 
positions, as computed under this section. To determine the specific 
risk add-on for individual debt or securitization positions, a [BANK] 
must multiply the absolute value of the current market value of each 
net long or net short debt or securitization position in the portfolio 
by the appropriate specific risk-weighting factor as set forth in 
paragraphs (b)(2)(i) through (b)(2)(vii) of this section.
    (2) For the purpose of this section, the appropriate specific risk-
weighting factors include: (i) Sovereign debt positions. (A) In 
general. A [BANK] must assign a specific risk-weighting factor to a 
sovereign debt position based on the CRC applicable to the sovereign 
entity and, as applicable, the remaining contractual maturity of the 
position, in accordance with table 2 of this section. Sovereign debt 
positions that are backed by the full faith and credit of the United 
States are treated as having a CRC of 0.

[[Page 53049]]



                      Table 2--Specific Risk-weighting Factors for Sovereign Debt Positions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Specific risk-weighting factor       Percent
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sovereign CRC..................................          0-1                                                0.0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         2-3   Remaining contractual maturity is            0.25
                                                                6 months or less.
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
                                                               Remaining contractual maturity is            1.0
                                                                greater than 6 and up to and
                                                                including 24 months.
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
                                                               Remaining contractual maturity               1.6
                                                                exceeds 24 months.
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
                                                         4-6                                                8.0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           7                                               12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No CRC.......................................................                                               8.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Default by the Sovereign Entity..............................                                              12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (B) Notwithstanding paragraph (b)(2)(i)(A) of this section, a 
[BANK] may assign to a sovereign debt position a specific risk-
weighting factor that is lower than the applicable specific risk-
weighting factor in table 2 if:
    (1) The position is denominated in the sovereign entity's currency;
    (2) The [BANK] has at least an equivalent amount of liabilities in 
that currency; and
    (3) The sovereign entity allows banks under its jurisdiction to 
assign the lower specific risk-weighting factor to the same exposures 
to the sovereign entity.
    (C) A [BANK] must assign a 12.0 percent specific risk-weighting 
factor to a sovereign debt position immediately upon determination a 
default has occurred; or if a default has occurred within the previous 
five years.
    (D) A [BANK] must assign an 8.0 percent specific risk-weighting 
factor to a sovereign debt position if the sovereign entity does not 
have a CRC assigned to it, unless the sovereign debt position must be 
assigned a higher specific risk-weighting factor under paragraph 
(b)(2)(i)(C) of this section.
    (ii) Certain supranational entity and multilateral development bank 
debt positions. A [BANK] may assign a 0.0 percent specific risk-
weighting factor to a debt position that is an exposure to the Bank for 
International Settlements, the European Central Bank, the European 
Commission, the International Monetary Fund, or an MDB.
    (iii) GSE debt positions. A [BANK] must assign a 1.6 percent 
specific risk-weighting factor to a debt position that is an exposure 
to a GSE. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a [BANK] must assign an 8.0 
percent specific risk-weighting factor to preferred stock issued by a 
GSE.
    (iv) Depository institution, foreign bank, and credit union debt 
positions. (A) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(2)(iv)(B) of this 
section, a [BANK] must assign a specific risk-weighting factor to a 
debt position that is an exposure to a depository institution, a 
foreign bank, or a credit union using the specific risk-weighting 
factor that corresponds to that entity's home country and, as 
applicable, the remaining contractual maturity of the position, in 
accordance with table 3 of this section.

    Table 3--Specific Risk-weighting Factors for Depository Institutions, Foreign Bank, and Credit Union Debt
                                                    Pensions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Specific risk-weighting factor       Percent
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Remaining contractual maturity of            0.25
                                                                6 months or less.
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
Sovereign CRC..................................          0-2   Remaining contractual maturity of            1.0
                                                                greater than 6 and up to and
                                                                including 24 months.
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
                                                               Remaining contractual maturity               1.6
                                                                exceeds 24 months.
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           3                                                8.0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         4-7                                               12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No CRC.......................................................                                               8.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Default by the Sovereign Entity..............................                                              12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (B) A [BANK] must assign a specific risk-weighting factor of 8.0 
percent to a debt position that is an exposure to a depository 
institution or a foreign bank that is includable in the depository 
institution's or foreign bank's regulatory capital and that is not 
subject to deduction as a reciprocal holding under Sec.  ----.22.
    (C) A [BANK] must assign a 12.0 percent specific risk-weighting 
factor to a debt position that is an exposure to a foreign bank 
immediately upon determination that a default by the foreign bank's 
home country has occurred or if a default by the foreign bank's home 
country has occurred within the previous five years.
    (v) PSE debt positions. (A) Except as provided in paragraph 
(b)(2)(v)(B) of this section, a [BANK] must assign a

[[Page 53050]]

specific risk-weighting factor to a debt position that is an exposure 
to a PSE based on the specific risk-weighting factor that corresponds 
to the PSE's home country and to the position's categorization as a 
general obligation or revenue obligation and, as applicable, the 
remaining contractual maturity of the position, as set forth in tables 
4 and 5 of this section.
    (B) A [BANK] may assign a lower specific risk-weighting factor than 
would otherwise apply under tables 4 and 5 of this section to a debt 
position that is an exposure to a foreign PSE if:
    (1) The PSE's home country allows banks under its jurisdiction to 
assign a lower specific risk-weighting factor to such position; and
    (2) The specific risk-weighting factor is not lower than the risk 
weight that corresponds to the PSE's home country in accordance with 
tables 4 and 5 of this section.
    (C) A [BANK] must assign a 12.0 percent specific risk-weighting 
factor to a PSE debt position immediately upon determination that a 
default by the PSE's home country has occurred or if a default by the 
PSE's home country has occurred within the previous five years.

               Table 4--Specific Risk-weighting Factors for PSE General Obligation Debt Positions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              General obligations specific risk-      Percent
                                                                       weighting factor
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sovereign CRC..............................             0-2  Remaining contractual maturity of 6            0.25
                                                              months or less.
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Remaining contractual maturity of              1.0
                                                              greater than 6 and up to and
                                                              including 24 months.
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Remaining contractual maturity                 1.6
                                                              exceeds 24 months.
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          3                                                 8.0
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        4-7                                                12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           No CFR                                                                           8.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Default by the Sovereign Entity                                                              12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


               Table 5--Specific Risk-weighting Factors for PSE Revenue Obligation Debt Positions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Revenue obligation specific risk-       Percent
                                                                       weighting factor
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sovereign CRC..............................             0-1  Remaining contractual maturity of 6            0.25
                                                              months or less.
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Remaining contractual maturity of              1.0
                                                              greater than 6 and up to and
                                                              including 24 months.
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Remaining contractual maturity                 1.6
                                                              exceeds 24 months.
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        2-3                                                 8.0
                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        4-7                                                12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           No CFR                                                                           8.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Default by the Sovereign Entity                                                              12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (vi) Corporate debt positions. Except as otherwise provided in 
paragraph (b)(2)(vi)(B) of this section, a [BANK] must assign a 
specific risk-weighting factor to a corporate debt position in 
accordance with the investment grade methodology in paragraph 
(b)(2)(vi)(A) of this section.
    (A) Investment grade methodology. (1) For corporate debt positions 
that are exposures to entities that have issued and outstanding 
publicly traded instruments, a [BANK] must assign a specific risk-
weighting factor based on the category and remaining contractual 
maturity of the position, in accordance with table 6. For purposes of 
this paragraph (b)(2)(vi)(A)(1), the [BANK] must determine whether the 
position is in the investment grade or not investment grade category.

  Table 6--Specific Risk-weighting Factors for Corporate Debt Positions
                 Under the Investment Grade Methodology
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Specific risk-
           Category              Remaining contractual  weighting factor
                                       maturity           (in percent)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Investment Grade..............  6 months or less......              0.50
                                Greater than 6 and up               2.00
                                 to and including 24
                                 months.
                                Greater than 24 months              4.00
Non-investment Grade..........  ......................             12.00
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 53051]]

     (2) A [BANK] must assign an 8.0 percent specific risk-weighting 
factor for corporate debt positions that are exposures to entities that 
do not have publicly traded instruments outstanding.
    (B) Limitations. (1) A [BANK] must assign a specific risk-weighting 
factor of at least 8.0 percent to an interest-only mortgage-backed 
security that is not a securitization position.
    (2) A [BANK] shall not assign a corporate debt position a specific 
risk-weighting factor that is lower than the specific risk-weighting 
factor that corresponds to the CRC of the issuer's home country in 
table 2 of this section.
    (vii) Securitization positions. (A) General requirements. (1) A 
[BANK] that is not an advanced approaches bank must assign a specific 
risk-weighting factor to a securitization position using either the 
simplified supervisory formula approach (SSFA) in paragraph 
(b)(2)(vii)(C) of this section (and Sec.  ----.211) or assign a 
specific risk-weighting factor of 100 percent to the position.
    (2) A [BANK] that is an advanced approaches bank must calculate a 
specific risk add-on for a securitization position in accordance with 
paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) of this section if the [BANK] and the 
securitization position each qualifies to use the SFA in Sec.  --
--.143. A [BANK] that is an advanced approaches bank with a 
securitization position that does not qualify for the SFA under 
paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) of this section may assign a specific risk-
weighting factor to the securitization position using the SSFA in 
accordance with paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(C) of this section or assign a 
specific risk-weighting factor of 100 percent to the position.
    (3) A [BANK] must treat a short securitization position as if it is 
a long securitization position solely for calculation purposes when 
using the SFA in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) of this section or the SSFA 
in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(C) of this section.
    (B) SFA. To calculate the specific risk add-on for a securitization 
position using the SFA, a [BANK] that is an advanced approaches bank 
must set the specific risk add-on for the position equal to the risk-
based capital requirement as calculated under Sec.  ----.143.
    (C) SSFA. To use the SSFA to determine the specific risk-weighting 
factor for a securitization position, a [BANK] must calculate the 
specific risk-weighting factor in accordance with Sec.  ----.211.
    (D) Nth-to-default credit derivatives. A [BANK] must determine a 
specific risk add-on using the SFA in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) of this 
section, or assign a specific risk-weighting factor using the SSFA in 
paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(C) of this section to an nth-to-default credit 
derivative in accordance with this paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(D), regardless 
of whether the [BANK] is a net protection buyer or net protection 
seller. A [BANK] must determine its position in the nth-to-default 
credit derivative as the largest notional dollar amount of all the 
underlying exposures.
    (1) For purposes of determining the specific risk add-on using the 
SFA in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) of this section or the specific risk-
weighting factor for an nth-to-default credit derivative using the SSFA 
in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(C) of this section the [BANK] must calculate 
the attachment point and detachment point of its position as follows:
    (i) The attachment point (parameter A) is the ratio of the sum of 
the notional amounts of all underlying exposures that are subordinated 
to the [BANK]'s position to the total notional amount of all underlying 
exposures. For purposes of using the SFA in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) of 
this section to calculate the specific add-on for its position in an 
nth-to-default credit derivative, parameter A must be set equal to the 
credit enhancement level (L) input to the SFA formula in section 143 of 
this subpart. In the case of a first-to-default credit derivative, 
there are no underlying exposures that are subordinated to the [BANK]'s 
position. In the case of a second-or-subsequent-to-default credit 
derivative, the smallest (n-1) notional amounts of the underlying 
exposure(s) are subordinated to the [BANK]'s position.
    (ii) The detachment point (parameter D) equals the sum of parameter 
A plus the ratio of the notional amount of the [BANK]'s position in the 
nth-to-default credit derivative to the total notional amount of all 
underlying exposures. For purposes of using the SFA in paragraph 
(b)(2)(vii)(B) of this section to calculate the specific risk add-on 
for its position in an nth-to-default credit derivative, parameter D 
must be set to equal the L input plus the thickness of tranche T input 
to the SFA formula in Sec.  ----.143 of this subpart.
    (2) A [BANK] that does not use the SFA in paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(B) 
of this section to determine a specific risk-add on, or the SSFA in 
paragraph (b)(2)(vii)(C) of this section to determine a specific risk-
weighting factor for its position in an nth-to-default credit 
derivative must assign a specific risk-weighting factor of 100 percent 
to the position.
    (c) Modeled correlation trading positions. For purposes of 
calculating the comprehensive risk measure for modeled correlation 
trading positions under either paragraph (a)(2)(i) or (a)(2)(ii) of 
Sec.  ----.209, the total specific risk add-on is the greater of:
    (1) The sum of the [BANK]'s specific risk add-ons for each net long 
correlation trading position calculated under this section; or
    (2) The sum of the [BANK]'s specific risk add-ons for each net 
short correlation trading position calculated under this section.
    (d) Non-modeled securitization positions. For securitization 
positions that are not correlation trading positions and for 
securitizations that are correlation trading positions not modeled 
under Sec.  ----.209, the total specific risk add-on is the greater of:
    (1) The sum of the [BANK]'s specific risk add-ons for each net long 
securitization position calculated under this section; or
    (2) The sum of the [BANK]'s specific risk add-ons for each net 
short securitization position calculated under this section.
    (e) Equity positions. The total specific risk add-on for a 
portfolio of equity positions is the sum of the specific risk add-ons 
of the individual equity positions, as computed under this section. To 
determine the specific risk add-on of individual equity positions, a 
[BANK] must multiply the absolute value of the current market value of 
each net long or net short equity position by the appropriate specific 
risk-weighting factor as determined under this paragraph:
    (1) The [BANK] must multiply the absolute value of the current 
market value of each net long or net short equity position by a 
specific risk-weighting factor of 8.0 percent. For equity positions 
that are index contracts comprising a well-diversified portfolio of 
equity instruments, the absolute value of the current market value of 
each net long or net short position is multiplied by a specific risk-
weighting factor of 2.0 percent.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ A portfolio is well-diversified if it contains a large 
number of individual equity positions, with no single position 
representing a substantial portion of the portfolio's total market 
value.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) For equity positions arising from the following futures-related 
arbitrage strategies, a [BANK] may apply a 2.0 percent specific risk-
weighting factor to one side (long or short) of each position with the 
opposite side exempt from an additional capital requirement:
    (i) Long and short positions in exactly the same index at different 
dates or in different market centers; or

[[Page 53052]]

    (ii) Long and short positions in index contracts at the same date 
in different, but similar indices.
    (3) For futures contracts on main indices that are matched by 
offsetting positions in a basket of stocks comprising the index, a 
[BANK] may apply a 2.0 percent specific risk-weighting factor to the 
futures and stock basket positions (long and short), provided that such 
trades are deliberately entered into and separately controlled, and 
that the basket of stocks is comprised of stocks representing at least 
90.0 percent of the capitalization of the index. A main index refers to 
the Standard & Poor's 500 Index, the FTSE All-World Index, and any 
other index for which the [BANK] can demonstrate to the satisfaction of 
the [AGENCY] that the equities represented in the index have liquidity, 
depth of market, and size of bid-ask spreads comparable to equities in 
the Standard & Poor's 500 Index and FTSE All-World Index.
    (f) Due diligence requirements. (1) A [BANK] must demonstrate to 
the satisfaction of the [AGENCY] a comprehensive understanding of the 
features of a securitization position that would materially affect the 
performance of the position by conducting and documenting the analysis 
set forth in paragraph (f)(2) of this section. The [BANK]'s analysis 
must be commensurate with the complexity of the securitization position 
and the materiality of the position in relation to capital.
    (2) A [BANK] must demonstrate its comprehensive understanding for 
each securitization position by:
    (i) Conduct an analysis of the risk characteristics of a 
securitization position prior to acquiring the position and document 
such analysis within three business days after acquiring position, 
considering:
    (A) Structural features of the securitization that would materially 
impact the performance of the position, for example, the contractual 
cash flow waterfall, waterfall-related triggers, credit enhancements, 
liquidity enhancements, market value triggers, the performance of 
organizations that service the position, and deal-specific definitions 
of default;
    (B) Relevant information regarding the performance of the 
underlying credit exposure(s), for example, the percentage of loans 30, 
60, and 90 days past due; default rates; prepayment rates; loans in 
foreclosure; property types; occupancy; average credit score or other 
measures of creditworthiness; average loan-to-value ratio; and industry 
and geographic diversification data on the underlying exposure(s);
    (C) Relevant market data of the securitization, for example, bid-
ask spreads, most recent sales price and historical price volatility, 
trading volume, implied market rating, and size, depth and 
concentration level of the market for the securitization; and
    (D) For resecuritization positions, performance information on the 
underlying securitization exposures, for example, the issuer name and 
credit quality, and the characteristics and performance of the 
exposures underlying the securitization exposures; and
    (ii) On an on-going basis (no less frequently than quarterly), 
evaluating, reviewing, and updating as appropriate the analysis 
required under paragraph (f)(1) of this section for each securitization 
position.


Sec.  211  Simplified supervisory formula approach (SSFA).

    (a) General requirements. To use the SSFA to determine the specific 
risk-weighting factor for a securitization position, a [BANK] must have 
data that enables it to assign accurately the parameters described in 
paragraph (b) of this section. Data used to assign the parameters 
described in paragraph (b) of this section must be the most currently 
available data and no more than 91 calendar days old. A [BANK] that 
does not have the appropriate data to assign the parameters described 
in paragraph (b) of this section must assign a specific risk-weighting 
factor of 100 percent to the position.
    (b) SSFA parameters. To calculate the specific risk-weighting 
factor for a securitization position using the SSFA, a [BANK] must have 
accurate information on the five inputs to the SSFA calculation 
described in paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(5) of this section.
    (1) KG is the weighted-average (with unpaid principal 
used as the weight for each exposure) total capital requirement of the 
underlying exposures calculated using subpart D. KG is 
expressed as a decimal value between zero and 1 (that is, an average 
risk weight of 100 percent represents a value of KG equal to 
.08).
    (2) Parameter W is expressed as a decimal value between zero and 
one. Parameter W is the ratio of the sum of the dollar amounts of any 
underlying exposures within the securitized pool that meet any of the 
criteria are set forth in paragraphs (i) through (vi) of this paragraph 
(b)(2) to the ending balance, measured in dollars, of underlying 
exposures:
    (i) Ninety days or more past due;
    (ii) Subject to a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding;
    (iii) In the process of foreclosure;
    (iv) Held as real estate owned;
    (v) Has contractually deferred interest payments for 90 days or 
more; or
    (vi) Is in default.
    (3) Parameter A is the attachment point for the position, which 
represents the threshold at which credit losses will first be allocated 
to the position. Parameter A equals the ratio of the current dollar 
amount of underlying exposures that are subordinated to the position of 
the [BANK] to the current dollar amount of underlying exposures. Any 
reserve account funded by the accumulated cash flows from the 
underlying exposures that is subordinated to the position that contains 
the [BANK]'s securitization exposure may be included in the calculation 
of parameter A to the extent that cash is present in the account. 
Parameter A is expressed as a decimal value between zero and one.
    (4) Parameter D is the detachment point for the position, which 
represents the threshold at which credit losses of principal allocated 
to the position would result in a total loss of principal. Parameter D 
equals parameter A plus the ratio of the current dollar amount of the 
securitization positions that are pari passu with the position (that 
is, have equal seniority with respect to credit risk) to the current 
dollar amount of the underlying exposures. Parameter D is expressed as 
a decimal value between zero and one.
    (5) A supervisory calibration parameter, p, is equal to 0.5 for 
securitization positions that are not resecuritization positions and 
equal to 1.5 for resecuritization positions.
    (c) Mechanics of the SSFA. KG and W are used to 
calculate KA, the augmented value of KG, which 
reflects the observed credit quality of the underlying pool of 
exposures. KA is defined in paragraph (d) of this section. 
The values of parameters A and D, relative to KA determine 
the specific risk-weighting factor assigned to a position as described 
in this paragraph and paragraph (d) of this section. The specific risk-
weighting factor assigned to a securitization position, or portion of a 
position, as appropriate, is the larger of the specific risk-weighting 
factor determined in accordance with this paragraph and paragraph (d) 
of this section and a specific risk-weighting factor of 1.6 percent.
    (1) When the detachment point, parameter D, for a securitization 
position is less than or equal to KA, the position must be 
assigned a specific risk-weighting factor of 100 percent.
    (2) When the attachment point, parameter A, for a securitization

[[Page 53053]]

position is greater than or equal to KA, the [BANK] must 
calculate the specific risk-weighting factor in accordance with 
paragraph (d) of this section.
    (3) When A is less than KA and D is greater than 
KA, the specific risk-weighting factor is a weighted-average 
of 1.00 and KSSFA calculated under paragraphs (c)(3)(i) and 
(c)(3)(ii) of this section, but with the parameter A revised to be set 
equal to KA. For the purpose of this calculation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP30AU12.055

Sec.  ----.212  Market risk disclosures.

    (a) Scope. A [BANK] must comply with this section unless it is a 
consolidated subsidiary of a bank holding company or a depository 
institution that is subject to these requirements or of a non-U.S. 
banking organization that is subject to comparable public disclosure 
requirements in its home jurisdiction. A [BANK] must make quantitative 
disclosures publicly each calendar quarter. If a significant change 
occurs, such that the most recent reporting amounts are no longer 
reflective of the [BANK]'s capital adequacy and risk profile, then a 
brief discussion of this change and its likely impact must be provided 
as soon as practicable thereafter. Qualitative disclosures that 
typically do not change each quarter may be disclosed annually, 
provided any significant changes are disclosed in the interim. If a 
[BANK] believes that disclosure of specific commercial or financial 
information would prejudice seriously its position by making public 
certain information that is either proprietary or confidential in 
nature, the [BANK] is not required to disclose these specific items, 
but must disclose more general information about the subject matter of 
the requirement, together with the fact that, and the reason why, the 
specific items of information have not been disclosed.
    (b) Disclosure policy. The [BANK] must have a formal disclosure 
policy approved by the board of directors that addresses the [BANK]'s 
approach for determining its market risk disclosures. The policy must 
address the associated internal controls and disclosure controls and 
procedures. The board of directors and senior management must ensure 
that appropriate verification of the disclosures takes place and that 
effective internal controls and

[[Page 53054]]

disclosure controls and procedures are maintained. One or more senior 
officers of the [BANK] must attest that the disclosures meet the 
requirements of this subpart, and the board of directors and senior 
management are responsible for establishing and maintaining an 
effective internal control structure over financial reporting, 
including the disclosures required by this section.
    (c) Quantitative disclosures. (1) For each material portfolio of 
covered positions, the [BANK] must disclose publicly the following 
information at least quarterly:
    (i) The high, low, and mean VaR-based measures over the reporting 
period and the VaR-based measure at period-end;
    (ii) The high, low, and mean stressed VaR-based measures over the 
reporting period and the stressed VaR-based measure at period-end;
    (iii) The high, low, and mean incremental risk capital requirements 
over the reporting period and the incremental risk capital requirement 
at period-end;
    (iv) The high, low, and mean comprehensive risk capital 
requirements over the reporting period and the comprehensive risk 
capital requirement at period-end, with the period-end requirement 
broken down into appropriate risk classifications (for example, default 
risk, migration risk, correlation risk);
    (v) Separate measures for interest rate risk, credit spread risk, 
equity price risk, foreign exchange risk, and commodity price risk used 
to calculate the VaR-based measure; and
    (vi) A comparison of VaR-based estimates with actual gains or 
losses experienced by the [BANK], with an analysis of important 
outliers.
    (2) In addition, the [BANK] must disclose publicly the following 
information at least quarterly:
    (i) The aggregate amount of on-balance sheet and off-balance sheet 
securitization positions by exposure type; and
    (ii) The aggregate amount of correlation trading positions.
    (d) Qualitative disclosures. For each material portfolio of covered 
positions, the [BANK] must disclose publicly the following information 
at least annually, or more frequently in the event of material changes 
for each portfolio:
    (1) The composition of material portfolios of covered positions;
    (2) The [BANK]'s valuation policies, procedures, and methodologies 
for covered positions including, for securitization positions, the 
methods and key assumptions used for valuing such positions, any 
significant changes since the last reporting period, and the impact of 
such change;
    (3) The characteristics of the internal models used for purposes of 
this subpart. For the incremental risk capital requirement and the 
comprehensive risk capital requirement, this must include:
    (i) The approach used by the [BANK] to determine liquidity 
horizons;
    (ii) The methodologies used to achieve a capital assessment that is 
consistent with the required soundness standard; and
    (iii) The specific approaches used in the validation of these 
models;
    (4) A description of the approaches used for validating and 
evaluating the accuracy of internal models and modeling processes for 
purposes of this subpart;
    (5) For each market risk category (that is, interest rate risk, 
credit spread risk, equity price risk, foreign exchange risk, and 
commodity price risk), a description of the stress tests applied to the 
positions subject to the factor;
    (6) The results of the comparison of the [BANK]'s internal 
estimates for purposes of this subpart with actual outcomes during a 
sample period not used in model development;
    (7) The soundness standard on which the [BANK]'s internal capital 
adequacy assessment under this subpart is based, including a 
description of the methodologies used to achieve a capital adequacy 
assessment that is consistent with the soundness standard;
    (8) A description of the [BANK]'s processes for monitoring changes 
in the credit and market risk of securitization positions, including 
how those processes differ for resecuritization positions; and
    (9) A description of the [BANK]'s policy governing the use of 
credit risk mitigation to mitigate the risks of securitization and 
resecuritization positions.

End of Common Rule

List of Subjects

12 CFR Part 3

    Administrative practices and procedure, Capital, National banks, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Risk.

12 CFR Part 217

    Banks, banking, Federal Reserve System, Holding companies, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Securities.

12 CFR Part 325

    Administrative practice and procedure, Banks, banking, Capital 
Adequacy, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Savings 
associations, State non-member banks.

Adoption of Proposed Common Rule

    The adoption of the proposed common rules by the agencies, as 
modified by agency-specific text, is set forth below:

Department of the Treasury

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

    12 CFR Chapter I

Authority and Issuance

    For the reasons set forth in the common preamble, the Office of the 
Comptroller of the Currency proposes to further amend part 3 of chapter 
I of title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations is proposed to be 
amended elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register under Docket ID 
OCC-2012-0008 and OCC-2012-0009, as follows:

PART 3--MINIMUM CAPITAL RATIOS; ISSUANCE OF DIRECTIVES

    1. The authority citation for part 3 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 93a, 161, 1462, 1462a, 1463, 1464, 1818, 
1828(n), 1828 note, 1831n note, 1835, 3907 and 3909, and 
5412(b)(2)(B).

    2. Designate the text set forth at the end of the common preamble 
as part 3, subparts E and F.
    3. Newly designated subparts E and F of part 3 are amended as set 
forth below:
    i. Remove ``[AGENCY]'' and add ``OCC'' in its place, wherever it 
appears;
    ii. Remove ``[BANK]'' and add ``national bank or Federal savings 
association'' in its place, wherever it appears;
    iii. Remove ``[BANKS]'' and ``[BANK]s'' and add ``national banks 
and Federal savings associations'' in their places, wherever they 
appear;
    iv. Remove ``[BANK]'s'' and add ``national bank's and Federal 
savings association's'' in its place, wherever it appears;
    v. Remove ``[PART]'' and add ``Part 3'' in its place, wherever it 
appears; and
    vi. Remove ``[Regulatory Reports]'' and add ``Call Report'' in its 
place, wherever it appears; and
    vii. Remove ``[regulatory report]'' and add ``Call Reports'' in its 
place, wherever it appears.

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

12 CFR Chapter II

Authority and Issuance

    For the reasons set forth in the common preamble, part 217 of 
chapter II of title 12 of the Code of Federal

[[Page 53055]]

Regulations are proposed to be amended as follows:

PART 217--CAPITAL ADEQUACY OF BANK HOLDING COMPANIES, SAVINGS AND 
LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES, AND STATE MEMBER BANKS

    1. The authority citation for part 217 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(a), 321-338a, 481-486, 1462a, 1467a, 
1818, 1828, 1831n, 1831o, 1831p-l, 1831w, 1835, 1844(b), 3904, 3906-
3909, 4808, 5365, 5371.

Subpart E--Risk-Weighted Assets--Internal Ratings-Based and 
Advanced Measurement Approaches

Subpart F--Risk-weighted Assets--Market Risk

    2. Designate the text set forth at the end of the common preamble 
as part 217, subparts E and F.
    3. Part 217 is amended as set forth below:
    a. Remove ``[AGENCY]'' and add ``Board'' in its place wherever it 
appears.
    b. Remove ``[BANK]'' and add ``Board-regulated institution'' in its 
place wherever it appears.
    c. Remove ``[PART]'' and add ``part'' in its place wherever it 
appears.
    d. Remove ``[Regulatory Reports]'' and add in its place 
``Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income (Call Report), for a 
state member bank, or Consolidated Financial Statements for Bank 
Holding Companies (FR Y-9C), for a bank holding company or savings and 
loan holding company, as applicable'' the first time it appears; and
    e. Remove ``[regulatory report]'' and add in its place ``Call 
Report, for a state member bank or FR Y-9C, for a bank holding company 
or savings and loan holding company, as applicable''.
    4. In Sec.  217.100, revise paragraph (b)(1) to read as follows:


Sec.  217.100  Purpose, Applicability, and Principle of Conservatism.

* * * * *
    (b) Applicability. (1) This subpart applies to:
    (i) A top-tier bank holding company or savings and loan holding 
company domiciled in the United States that:
    (A) Is not a consolidated subsidiary of another bank holding 
company or savings and loan holding company that uses 12 CFR part 217, 
subpart E, to calculate its risk-based capital requirements; and
    (B) That:
    (1) Has total consolidated assets (excluding assets held by an 
insurance underwriting subsidiary), as defined on schedule HC-K of the 
FR Y-9C, equal to $250 billion or more;
    (2) Has consolidated total on-balance sheet foreign exposure at the 
most recent year-end equal to $10 billion (excluding exposures held by 
an insurance underwriting subsidiary). Total on-balance sheet foreign 
exposure equals total cross-border claims less claims with head office 
or guarantor located in another country plus redistributed guaranteed 
amounts to the country of head office or guarantor plus local country 
claims on local residents plus revaluation gains on foreign exchange 
and derivative products, calculated in accordance with the Federal 
Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) 009 Country Exposure 
Report); or
    (3) Has a subsidiary depository institution that is required, or 
has elected, to use 12 CFR part 3, subpart E (OCC), 12 CFR part 217, 
subpart E (Board), or 12 CFR part 325, subpart E (FDIC) to calculate 
its risk-based capital requirements;
    (ii) A state member bank that:
    (A) Has total consolidated assets, as reported on the most recent 
year-end Consolidated Report of Condition and Income (Call Report), 
equal to $250 billion or more;
    (B) Has consolidated total on-balance sheet foreign exposure at the 
most recent year-endequal to $10 billion or more (where total on-
balance sheet foreign exposure equals total cross-border claims less 
claims with head office or guarantor located in another country plus 
redistributed guaranteed amounts to the country of head office or 
guarantor plus local country claims on local residents plus revaluation 
gains on foreign exchange and derivative products, calculated in 
accordance with the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council 
(FFIEC) 009 Country Exposure Report);
    (C) Is a subsidiary of a depository institution that uses 12 CFR 
part 3, subpart E (OCC), 12 CFR part 217, subpart E (Board), or 12 CFR 
part 325, subpart E (FDIC) to calculate its risk-based capital 
requirements; or
    (D) Is a subsidiary of a bank holding company that uses 12 CFR part 
217, subpart E, to calculate its risk-based capital requirements; and
    (iii) Any Board-regulated institution that elects to use this 
subpart to calculate its risk-based capital requirements.
* * * * *
    5. In Sec.  217.121, revise paragraph (a) to read as follows:
* * * * *


Sec.  217.121  Qualification process.

    (a) Timing. (1) A Board-regulated institution that is described in 
Sec.  217.100(b)(1)(i) and (ii) must adopt a written implementation 
plan no later than six months after the date the Board-regulated 
institution meets a criterion in that section. The implementation plan 
must incorporate an explicit start date no later than 36 months after 
the date the Board-regulated institution meets at least one criterion 
under Sec.  217.100(b)(1)(i) and (ii). The Board may extend the start 
date.
    (2) A Board-regulated institution that elects to be subject to this 
subpart under Sec.  217.101(b)(1)(iii) must adopt a written 
implementation plan.
* * * * *
    6. In Sec.  217.122(g), revise paragraph (g)(3)(ii) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  ----.122  Qualification requirements.

* * * * *
    (g) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (ii)(A) With the prior written approval of the Board, a state 
member bank may generate an estimate of its operational risk exposure 
using an alternative approach to that specified in paragraph (g)(3)(i) 
of this section. A state member bank proposing to use such an 
alternative operational risk quantification system must submit a 
proposal to the Board. In determining whether to approve a state member 
bank's proposal to use an alternative operational risk quantification 
system, the Board will consider the following principles:
    (A) Use of the alternative operational risk quantification system 
will be allowed only on an exception basis, considering the size, 
complexity, and risk profile of the state member bank;
    (B) The state member bank must demonstrate that its estimate of its 
operational risk exposure generated under the alternative operational 
risk quantification system is appropriate and can be supported 
empirically; and
    (C) A state member bank must not use an allocation of operational 
risk capital requirements that includes entities other than depository 
institutions or the benefits of diversification across entities.
* * * * *
    7. In Sec.  217.131, revise paragraph (b) and paragraphs (e)(3)(i) 
and (ii), and add a new paragraph (e)(5) to read as follows:


Sec.  217.131  Mechanics for calculating total wholesale and retail 
risk-weighted assets.

* * * * *

[[Page 53056]]

    (b) Phase 1--Categorization. The Board-regulated institution must 
determine which of its exposures are wholesale exposures, retail 
exposures, securitization exposures, or equity exposures. The Board-
regulated institution must categorize each retail exposure as a 
residential mortgage exposure, a QRE, or an other retail exposure. The 
Board-regulated institution must identify which wholesale exposures are 
HVCRE exposures, sovereign exposures, OTC derivative contracts, repo-
style transactions, eligible margin loans, eligible purchased wholesale 
exposures, cleared transactions, default fund contributions, and 
unsettled transactions to which Sec.  217.136 applies, and eligible 
guarantees or eligible credit derivatives that are used as credit risk 
mitigants. The Board-regulated institution must identify any on-balance 
sheet asset that does not meet the definition of a wholesale, retail, 
equity, or securitization exposure, any non-material portfolio of 
exposures described in paragraph (e)(4) of this section, and for bank 
holding companies and savings and loan holding companies, any on-
balance sheet asset that is held in a non-guaranteed separate account.
* * * * *
    (e) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (i) A bank holding company or savings and loan holding company may 
assign a risk-weighted asset amount of zero to cash owned and held in 
all offices of subsidiary depository institutions or in transit; and 
for gold bullion held in a subsidiary depository institution's own 
vaults, or held in another depository institution's vaults on an 
allocated basis, to the extent the gold bullion assets are offset by 
gold bullion liabilities.
    (ii) A state member bank may assign a risk-weighted asset amount to 
cash owned and held in all offices of the state member bank or in 
transit and for gold bullion held in the state member bank's own 
vaults, or held in another depository institution's vaults on an 
allocated basis, to the extent the gold bullion assets are offset by 
gold bullion liabilities.
* * * * *
    (5) Assets held in non-guaranteed separate accounts. The risk-
weighted asset amount for an on-balance sheet asset that is held in a 
non-guaranteed separate account is zero percent of the carrying value 
of the asset.
    8. In Sec.  217.142, revise paragraph (k)(1)(iv) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  217.142  Risk-based capital requirement for securitization 
exposures.

* * * * *
    (k) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (iv) * * *
    (A) In the case of a state member bank, the bank is well 
capitalized, as defined in 12 CFR 208.43. For purposes of determining 
whether a state member bank is well capitalized for purposes of this 
paragraph, the state member bank's capital ratios must be calculated 
without regard to the capital treatment for transfers of small-business 
obligations with recourse specified in paragraph (k)(1) of this 
section.
    (B) In the case of a bank holding company or savings and loan 
holding company, the bank holding company or savings and loan holding 
company is well capitalized, as defined in 12 CFR 225.2. For purposes 
of determining whether a bank holding company or savings and loan 
holding company is well capitalized for purposes of this paragraph, the 
bank holding company or savings and loan holding company's capital 
ratios must be calculated without regard to the capital treatment for 
transfers of small-business obligations with recourse specified in 
paragraph (k)(1) of this section.
* * * * *
    9. In Sec.  217.152, revise paragraph (b)(3)(i) to read as follows:


Sec.  217.152  Simple risk weight approach (SRWA).

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (i) Community development equity exposures. (A) For state member 
banks and bank holding companies, an equity exposure that qualifies as 
a community development investment under 12 U.S.C. 24 (Eleventh), 
excluding equity exposures to an unconsolidated small business 
investment company and equity exposures held through a consolidated 
small business investment company described in section 302 of the Small 
Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 682).
    (B) For savings and loan holding companies, an equity exposure that 
is designed primarily to promote community welfare, including the 
welfare of low- and moderate-income communities or families, such as by 
providing services or employment, and excluding equity exposures to an 
unconsolidated small business investment company and equity exposures 
held through a small business investment company described in section 
302 of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 682).
* * * * *
    10. In Sec.  217.201, revise paragraph (b)(1) introductory text to 
read as follows:


Sec.  271.201  Purpose, Applicability, and Reservation of Authority.

    (b) Applicability. (1) This subpart applies to any Board-regulated 
institution with aggregate trading assets and trading liabilities (as 
reported in the Board-regulated institution's most recent quarterly 
Call Report, for a state member bank, or FR Y-9C, for a bank holding 
company or savings and loan holding company, as applicable, any savings 
and loan holding company that does not file the FR Y-9C should follow 
the instructions to the FR Y-9C), equal to:
* * * * *
    11. In Sec.  217.202, amend paragraph (b) by revising paragraph (1) 
of the definition of ``Covered position'' to read as follows:


Sec.  ----.202  Definitions.

* * * * *
    Covered position means the following positions:
    (1) A trading asset or trading liability (whether on- or off-
balance sheet),\1\ as reported on Schedule RC-D of the Call Report or 
Schedule HC-D of the FR Y-9C (any savings and loan holding companies 
that do not file the FR Y-9C should follow the instructions to the FR 
Y-9C)), that meets the following conditions:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Securities subject to repurchase and lending agreements are 
included as if they are still owned by the lender.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    12 CFR Chapter III

Authority and Issuance

    For the reasons set forth in the common preamble, the Federal 
Deposit Insurance Corporation proposes to amend part 324 of chapter III 
of title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:

PART 324--CAPITAL ADEQUACY

    1. The authority citation for part 324 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1815(a), 1815(b), 1816, 1818(a), 1818(b), 
1818(c), 1818(t), 1819 (Tenth), 1828(c), 1828(d), 1828(i), 1828(n), 
1828(o), 1831o, 1835, 3907, 3909, 4808; 5371; 5412; Pub. L. 102-233, 
105 Stat. 1761, 1789, 1790 (12 U.S.C. 1831n note); Pub. L. 102-242, 
105 Stat. 2236, 2355, as amended by Pub. L. 103-325, 108 Stat. 2160, 
2233 (12

[[Page 53057]]

U.S.C. 1828 note); Pub. L. 102-242, 105 Stat. 2236, 2386, as amended 
by Pub. L. 102-550, 106 Stat. 3672, 4089 (12 U.S.C. 1828 note); Pub. 
L. 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376, 1887 (15 U.S.C. 78o-7 note).

    2. Subparts E and F are added as set forth at the end of the common 
preamble.
    3. Subparts E and F are amended as set forth below:
    a. Remove ``[AGENCY]'' and add ``FDIC'' in its place, wherever it 
appears;
    b. Remove ``[Agency]'' and add ``FDIC'' in its place, wherever it 
appears;
    c. Remove ``[12 CFR 3.12, 12 CFR 263.202, 12 CFR 325.6(c), 12 CFR 
567.3(d)]'' and add ``12 CFR 325.6'' in its place, wherever it appears;
    d. Remove ``[BANK]'' and add ``bank or state savings association'' 
in its place, wherever it appears in the phrases ``A [BANK]'', ``a 
[BANK]'', ``The [BANK]'', or ``the [BANK]'';
    e. Remove ``[BANK]'' and add ``bank and state savings association'' 
in its place, wherever it appears in the phrases ``Each [BANK]'' or 
``each [BANK]'';
    f. Remove ``[BANKS]'' and ``[BANK]s'' and add ``banks and state 
savings associations'' in their place, wherever they appear;
    g. Remove ``[PART]'' and add ``Part 324'' in its place, wherever it 
appears;
    h. Remove ``[Regulatory Reports]'' and add ``Consolidated Report of 
Condition and Income (Call Report)'' in its place;
    i. Remove ``of 12 CFR part 3 (OCC), 12 CFR part 208 (Board), or 12 
CFR part 325 (FDIC)'' and add ``of 12 CFR part 324'' in its place, 
wherever it appears;
    j. Remove ``[prompt corrective action regulation]'' and add 
``Subpart H of this part'' in its place, wherever it appears;
    k. Remove ``banking organization'' and add ``bank and/or state 
savings associations, as''
    l. Remove ``[Regulatory Reports]'' and add ``Consolidated Report of 
Condition and Income (Call Report)'' in its place; and
    m. Remove ``[regulatory report]'' and add ``Call Report'' in its 
place wherever it appears; and

PART 325--CAPITAL MAINTENANCE

    4. The authority citation for part 325 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority:  12 U.S.C. 1815(a), 1815(b), 1816, 1818(a), 1818(b), 
1818(c), 1818(t), 1819 (Tenth), 1828(c), 1828(d), 1828(i), 1828(n), 
1828(o), 1831o, 1835, 3907, 3909, 4808; Pub. L. 102-233, 105 Stat. 
1761, 1789, 1790 (12 U.S.C. 1831n note); Pub. L. 102-242, 105 Stat. 
2236, 2355, as amended by Pub. L. 103-325, 108 Stat. 2160, 2233 (12 
U.S.C. 1828 note); Pub. L. 102-242, 105 Stat. 2236, 2386, as amended 
by Pub. L. 102-550, 106 Stat. 3672, 4089 (12 U.S.C. 1828 note).

Appendix D to Part 325--[Removed and reserved]

    5. Appendix D to part 325 is removed and reserved.

    Dated: June 11, 2012.
Thomas J. Curry,
Comptroller of the Currency.

    By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve 
System, July 3, 2012.
Jennifer J. Johnson,
Secretary of the Board.
    Dated at Washington, DC, this 12th day of June, 2012.

    By order of the Board of Directors.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Robert E. Feldman,
Executive Secretary.

[FR Doc. 2012-16761 Filed 8-10-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE P