[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 220 (Wednesday, November 14, 2012)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 67865-67971]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-26435]



[[Page 67865]]

Vol. 77

Wednesday,

No. 220

November 14, 2012

Part II





Commodity Futures Trading Commission





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17 CFR Parts 1, 3, 22 et al.





 Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer Funds Held by 
Futures Commission Merchants and Derivatives Clearing Organizations; 
Proposed Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 77 , No. 220 / Wednesday, November 14, 2012 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 67866]]


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COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION

17 CFR Parts 1, 3, 22, 30, and 140

RIN 3038-AD88


Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer Funds Held 
by Futures Commission Merchants and Derivatives Clearing Organizations

AGENCY: Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

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SUMMARY: The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (``Commission'' or 
``CFTC'') is proposing to adopt new regulations and amend existing 
regulations to require enhanced customer protections, risk management 
programs, internal monitoring and controls, capital and liquidity 
standards, customer disclosures, and auditing and examination programs 
for futures commission merchants (``FCMs''). The proposal also 
addresses certain related issues concerning derivatives clearing 
organizations (``DCOs'') and chief compliance officers (``CCOs''). The 
proposed rules will afford greater assurances to market participants 
that: customer segregated funds and secured amounts are protected; 
customers are provided with appropriate notice of the risks of futures 
trading and of the FCMs with which they may choose to do business; FCMs 
are monitoring and managing risks in a robust manner; the capital and 
liquidity of FCMs are strengthened to safeguard their continued 
operations; and the auditing and examination programs of the Commission 
and the self-regulatory organizations (``SROs'') are monitoring the 
activities of FCMs in a prudent and thorough manner.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before January 14, 2013.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by RIN 3038-AD88, by any 
of the following methods:
     Agency Web site, via its Comments Online process: http://comments.cftc.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments 
through the Web site.
     Mail: Send to David A. Stawick, Secretary, Commodity 
Futures Trading Commission, 1155 21st Street NW., Washington, DC 20581.
     Hand delivery/Courier: Same as Mail above.
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov/search/index.jsp.
    Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
    All comments must be submitted in English, or if not, accompanied 
by an English translation. Comments will be posted as received to 
http://www.cftc.gov. You should submit only information that you wish 
to make available publicly. If you wish the Commission to consider 
information that is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of 
Information Act, a petition for confidential treatment of the exempt 
information may be submitted according to the procedures set forth in 
Sec.  145.9 of the Commission's regulations.\1\
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    \1\ Commission regulations referred to herein are found at 17 
CFR Ch. 1 (2012). Commission regulations are accessible on the 
Commission's Web site, www.cftc.gov.
_____________________________________-

    The Commission reserves the right, but shall have no obligation, to 
review, pre-screen, filter, redact, refuse or remove any or all of your 
submission from www.cftc.gov that it may deem to be inappropriate for 
publication, such as obscene language. All submissions that have been 
redacted or removed that contain comments on the merits of the 
rulemaking will be retained in the public comment file and will be 
considered as required under the Administrative Procedure Act and other 
applicable laws, and may be accessible under the Freedom of Information 
Act.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: 
Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight: Gary Barnett, 
Director, 202-418-5977, gbarnett@cftc.gov; Thomas Smith, Deputy 
Director, 202-418-5495, tsmith@cftc.gov; Frank Fisanich, Chief Counsel, 
202-418-5949, ffisanich@cftc.gov; or Ward P. Griffin, Associate Chief 
Counsel, 202-418-5425, wgriffin@cftc.gov, Three Lafayette Centre, 1155 
21st Street NW., Washington, DC 20581, or Kevin Piccoli, Deputy 
Director, 646-746-9834, kpiccoli@cftc.gov, 140 Broadway, 19th Floor, 
New York, NY 10005.
Division of Clearing and Risk: Robert B. Wasserman, Chief Counsel, 202-
418-5092, rwasserman@cftc.gov, Three Lafayette Centre, 1155 21st Street 
NW., Washington, DC 20581.
Office of the Chief Economist: Camden Nunery, Economist, 
cnunery@cftc.gov, 202-418-5723, Three Lafayette Centre, 1155 21st 
Street NW., Washington, DC 20581.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Background

A. General Statutory and Current Regulatory Structure

    The protection of customers--and the safeguarding of money, 
securities or other property deposited by customers with an FCM--is a 
fundamental component of the Commission's disclosure and financial 
responsibility framework. Section 4d(a)(2) \2\ of the Commodity 
Exchange Act (``Act'') \3\ requires each FCM to segregate from its own 
assets all money, securities and other property deposited by futures 
customers to margin, secure, or guarantee futures contracts and options 
on futures contracts traded on designated contract markets.\4\ Section 
4d(a)(2) further requires an FCM to treat and deal with futures 
customer funds as belonging to the futures customer, and prohibits an 
FCM from using the funds deposited by a futures customer to margin or 
extend credit to any person other than the futures customer that 
deposited the funds. Section 4d(f) of the Act, which was added by 
section 724(a) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer 
Protection Act,\5\ requires each FCM to segregate from its own assets 
all money, securities and other property deposited by Cleared Swaps 
Customers to margin transactions in Cleared Swaps.\6\
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    \2\ 7 U.S.C. 6d(a)(2).
    \3\ 7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.
    \4\ The term '' futures customer'' is defined in Sec.  1.3(iiii) 
to include any person who uses a futures commission merchant as an 
agent in connection with trading in any contract for the purchase or 
sale of a commodity for future delivery or an option on such 
contract (excluding any proprietary accounts under Sec.  1.3(y)). 
The Commission adopted the definition of the term ``futures 
customer'' on October 16, 2012 as part of the final rulemaking that 
amended existing Commission regulations to incorporate swaps. The 
Federal Register release adopting the final rules can be accessed at 
http://www.cftc.gov/ucm/groups/public/@newsroom/documents/file/federalregister101612.pdf.
    \5\ See Dodd-Frank Act, Public Law 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 
(2010). The text of the Dodd-Frank Act may be accessed at http://www.cftc.gov/LawRegulation/OTCDERIVATIVES/index.htm.
    \6\ The term ``Cleared Swaps Customer'' is defined in Sec.  22.1 
as any person entering into a Cleared Swap, but excludes: (1) Any 
owner or holder of a Cleared Swaps Proprietary Account with respect 
to the Cleared Swaps in such account; and (2) A clearing member of a 
DCO with respect to Cleared Swaps cleared on that DCO.
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    The Commission has adopted Sec. Sec.  1.20 through 1.30, and Sec.  
1.32, to implement section 4d(a)(2) of the Act, and adopted Part 22 to 
implement section 4d(f) of the Act. The purpose of these regulations is 
to safeguard funds deposited by futures customers and Cleared Swaps 
Customers, respectively.
    Regulation 1.20 requires each FCM and DCO to separately account for 
and to segregate from its own proprietary funds all money, securities, 
or other property deposited by futures customers for trading on 
designated contract markets. Regulation 1.20 also provides that an FCM 
or DCO may deposit futures customer funds only with a bank, trust 
company, and for FCMs only, a DCO or another FCM. The funds must be 
deposited under an account

[[Page 67867]]

name that clearly identifies the funds as belonging to the futures 
customers of the FCM or DCO and further shows that the funds are 
segregated as required by section 4d(a)(2) of the Act and Commission 
regulations. FCMs and DCOs also are required to obtain a written 
acknowledgment from a depository stating that the depository was 
informed that funds deposited are customer funds being held in 
accordance with the Act.
    FCMs and DCOs also are restricted in their use of futures customer 
funds. Regulations 1.20 and 1.22 provide that the funds deposited by 
one futures customer may not be used to margin or to secure the 
contracts or option positions, or extend credit to any person, other 
than the futures customer that deposited the funds. An FCM or DCO, 
however, may for convenience commingle and hold funds deposited as 
margin by multiple futures customers in the same account or accounts 
with one of the recognized depositories. An FCM or DCO also may invest 
futures customer funds in certain permitted investments under Sec.  
1.25.
    Part 22 of the Commission's regulations, which governs Cleared 
Swaps transactions, implements section 4d(f) of the Act and parallels 
many of the provisions in Part1 addressing the manner in which, and the 
responsibilities imposed upon, an FCM holding funds for futures 
customers trading on designated contract markets.\7\ Regulation 22.2 
requires an FCM to treat and to deal with funds deposited by Cleared 
Swaps Customers as belonging to such Cleared Swaps Customers and to 
hold such funds separately from the FCM's own funds. Regulation 22.4 
provides that an FCM may deposit Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral with 
a bank, trust company, DCO, or another registered FCM. Regulation 22.6 
requires that the account holding the Cleared Swaps Customers 
Collateral must clearly identify the account as an account for Cleared 
Swaps Customers of the FCM engaging in cleared swap transactions and 
that the funds maintained in the account are subject to the segregation 
provisions of section 4d(f) of the Act and Commission regulations.
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    \7\ The Commission approved the part 22 regulations on January 
11, 2012, with an effective date of April 9, 2012. Compliance with 
the part 22 regulations is required by November 8, 2012. See, 
Protection of Cleared Swaps Customer Contracts and Collateral; 
Conforming Amendments to the Commodity Broker Bankruptcy Provisions, 
77 FR 6336 (Feb. 7, 2012).
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    Regulation 22.2(d) also prohibits an FCM from using the funds 
deposited by one Cleared Swaps Customer to purchase, margin, or settle 
cleared swap transactions of any person other the Cleared Swaps 
Customer that deposited the funds. Further, Sec.  22.2(c) permits an 
FCM to commingle the Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral of multiple 
Cleared Swaps Customers into one or more accounts, and Sec.  22.2(e)(1) 
permits an FCM to invest Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral in permitted 
investments under Sec.  1.25.
    In addition to holding funds for futures customers transacting on 
designated contract markets and for Cleared Swaps Customers engaging in 
cleared swap transactions, FCMs also hold funds for persons trading 
futures contracts listed on foreign boards of trade. Section 4(b) of 
the Act provides that the Commission may adopt rules and regulations 
proscribing fraud and requiring minimum financial standards, the 
disclosure of risk, the filing of reports, the keeping of books and 
records, the safeguarding of the funds deposited by persons for trading 
on foreign markets, and registration with the Commission by any person 
located in the United States who engages in the offer or sale of any 
contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery that is made 
subject to the rules of a board of trade located outside of the United 
States. Pursuant to the statutory authority of section 4(b), the 
Commission adopted Part 30 of its regulations to address foreign 
futures and foreign option transactions.
    The segregation provisions for funds deposited by foreign futures 
or foreign options customers to margin foreign futures or foreign 
options transactions under Part 30, however, are significantly 
different from the requirements set forth in Sec.  1.20 for futures 
customers trading on designated contract markets and Part 22 for 
Cleared Swaps Customers engaging in cleared swap transactions. 
Regulation 30.7 provides that an FCM may deposit the funds belonging to 
foreign futures or foreign options customers in an account or accounts 
maintained at a bank or trust company located in the United States; a 
bank or trust company located outside of the United States that has in 
excess of $1 billion of regulatory capital; an FCM registered with the 
Commission; a DCO; a member of a foreign board of trade; a foreign 
clearing organization; or a depository selected by the member of a 
foreign board of trade or foreign clearing organization. The account 
with the depository must be titled to clearly specify that the account 
holds funds belonging to the foreign futures or foreign options 
customers of the FCM that are trading on foreign futures markets. An 
FCM also is permitted to invest the funds deposited by foreign futures 
or foreign option customers in accordance with Sec.  1.25.
    However, unlike Sec.  1.20 and Part 22, which require an FCM to 
hold a sufficient amount of funds in segregation to meet the total 
account equities of all of the FCM's futures customers and Cleared 
Swaps Customers at all times (i.e., the Net Liquidating Equity Method), 
Sec.  30.7 requires an FCM to maintain in separate accounts an amount 
of funds only sufficient to cover the margin required on open foreign 
futures contracts, plus or minus any unrealized gains or losses on such 
open positions, plus any funds representing premiums payable or 
received on foreign options (including any additional funds necessary 
to secure such options, plus or minus any unrealized gains or losses on 
such options) (i.e., the ``Alternative Method''). Thus, under the Part 
30 Alternative Method an FCM is not required to maintain a sufficient 
amount of funds in such separate accounts to pay the full account 
balances of all of its foreign futures or foreign options customers at 
all times.
    In addition to the segregation requirements of sections 4d(a)(2) 
and 4d(f) of the Act, and the secured amount requirements in Part 30 of 
the Commission's regulations, FCMs also are subject to minimum net 
capital and financial reporting requirements that are intended to 
ensure that such firms meet their financial obligations in a regulated 
marketplace, including their financial obligations to customers and 
DCOs. Each FCM is required to maintain a minimum level of ``adjusted 
net capital,'' which is generally defined under Sec.  1.17 as the 
firm's net equity as computed under generally accepted accounting 
principles, less all of the firm's liabilities and further excluding 
all assets that are not liquid or readily marketable. Regulation 
1.17(c)(5) further requires an FCM to impose capital charges (i.e., 
deductions) on certain of its liquid assets to protect against possible 
market risks in such assets.
    FCMs also are subject to financial recordkeeping and reporting 
requirements. FCMs that carry customer accounts are required under 
Sec.  1.32 to prepare a schedule each business day demonstrating their 
compliance with the segregation and secured amount requirements. 
Regulation 1.32 requires the calculation to be performed by noon each 
business day, reflecting the account balances and open positions as of 
the close of business on the previous business day.
    Each FCM also is required by Sec.  1.10 to file with the Commission 
and with its

[[Page 67868]]

designated self-regulatory organization (``DSRO'') monthly unaudited 
financial statements and an annual audited financial report, as well as 
notices of certain predefined events.\8\ Regulation 1.12 requires an 
FCM to file a notice with the Commission and with the firm's DSRO 
whenever, among other things, the firm: (1) Fails to maintain 
compliance with the Commission's capital requirements; (2) fails to 
hold sufficient funds in segregated or secured amount accounts to meet 
its regulatory requirements; (3) fails to maintain current books and 
records; or (4) experiences a significant reduction in capital from the 
previous month-end. The purpose of the regulatory notices is to alert 
the Commission and the firm's DSRO as early as possible to potential 
financial issues at the firm that may adversely impact the ability of 
the FCM to comply with its obligations to safeguard customer funds, or 
to meet its financial obligations to other FCMs or DCOs.
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    \8\ The term ``self-regulatory organization'' is defined by 
Sec.  1.3 to mean a contract market, a swap execution facility, or a 
registered futures association. A DSRO is the SRO that is appointed 
to be primarily responsible for conducting ongoing financial 
surveillance of an FCM under a joint audit agreement submitted to 
and approved by the Commission under Sec.  1.52.
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    The statutory mandate to segregate customer funds--to treat them as 
belonging to the customer and not use the funds inappropriately--takes 
on greater meaning in light of the devastating events experienced over 
the past year. Those events, which are discussed in greater detail 
below, demonstrate that the risks of misfeasance and malfeasance, and 
the risks of failing to maintain sufficient excess funds in 
segregation: (i) Put customer funds at risk; and (ii) are exacerbated 
by stresses on the business of the FCM. Many of those risks can be 
mitigated significantly by better risk management systems and controls, 
along with an increase in risk-oriented oversight and examination of 
the FCMs.
    Determining what is a ``sufficient'' amount of excess funds in 
segregation for any particular FCM requires a full understanding of the 
business of that FCM, including a proper analysis of the factors that 
affect the actual amount of segregated funds held by the FCM relative 
to the minimum amount of segregated funds it is required to hold. 
Further, appropriate care must be taken to avoid withdrawing such 
excess funds at times of great stress to cover needs unrelated to the 
purposes for which excess segregated and secured funds are maintained. 
In times of stress, excess funds may look like an easy liquidity source 
to help cover other risks of the business; yet withdrawing it makes it 
unavailable when it may be most needed. The recent market events 
illustrate both the need to: (i) Require that care be taken about 
monitoring excess segregated and secured funds, and the conditions 
under and the extent to which such funds may be withdrawn; and (ii) 
place appropriate risk management controls around the other risks of 
the business to help relieve (A) the likelihood of an exigent event or, 
(B) if such an event occurs, the likelihood of a failure to prepare for 
such an event, which in either case could create pressures that result 
in an inappropriate withdrawal of customer funds.
    Although the Commission's existing regulations provide an essential 
foundation to fostering a well-functioning marketplace, wherein 
customers are protected and institutional risks are minimized, recent 
events have demonstrated that additional measures are necessary to 
effectuate the fundamental purposes of the statutory provisions 
discussed above. Further, concurrently with the enhanced 
responsibilities for FCMs that are proposed herein, the oversight and 
examination systems must be enhanced to mitigate risks and effectuate 
the statutory purposes.

B. Self-Regulatory Structure

    The Commission's oversight structure provides that SROs are the 
frontline regulators of FCMs, introducing brokers (``IBs''), commodity 
pool operators, and commodity trading advisors. In 2000, Congress 
affirmed the Commission's reliance on SROs by amending section 3 of the 
Commodity Exchange Act to state: ``It is the purpose of this Act to 
serve the public interests through a system of effective self-
regulation of trading facilities, clearing systems, market participants 
and market professionals under the oversight of the Commission.''
    As part of its oversight responsibility, an SRO is required to 
conduct periodic examinations of member FCMs' compliance with 
Commission and SRO financial and related reporting requirements, 
including the FCMs' holding of customer funds in segregated and secured 
accounts. The Commission oversees the SROs by examining them for the 
performance of their duties. More recently, the Commission has moved to 
conducting quarterly reviews of the SROs' FCM examination program in 
which the Commission selects a small sample of the SRO's FCM work 
papers to review. In addition, the Commission also conducts limited-
scope reviews of FCMs in a ``for cause'' situation that are sometimes 
referred to as ``audits,'' but they are not full-scale audits as 
accountants commonly use that term.
    In addition, because there are multiple SROs who share the same 
member FCMs, to avoid subjecting FCMs to duplicative examinations from 
SROs, the Commission has a permissive system that allows the SROs to 
agree how to allocate FCMs amongst them. An SRO who is allocated 
certain FCMs for such examination is referred to as the DSRO of those 
FCMs.
    Under Commission regulations, FCMs must have their annual financial 
statements audited by an independent certified public accountant 
following U.S. Generally Accepted Auditing Standards (``U.S. GAAS''). 
As part of this certified annual report, the independent accountant 
also must conduct appropriate reviews and tests to identify any 
material inadequacies in systems and controls that could violate the 
Commission's segregation or secured amount requirements. Any such 
inadequacies are required to be reported to the FCM's DSRO and to the 
Commission.

C. Futures Commission Merchant Insolvencies and Failures of Risk 
Management

    Recent events demonstrate the need for revisions to the 
Commission's customer protection regime. Since October 2011, two FCMs 
have entered into insolvency proceedings. On October 31, 2011, MF 
Global, Inc. (``MFGI''), which was dually-registered as an FCM with the 
Commission and as a securities broker-dealer (``BD'') with the U.S. 
Securities and Exchange Commission (``SEC''), was placed into a 
liquidation proceeding under the Securities Investor Protection Act by 
the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (``SIPC''). The trustee 
appointed to oversee the liquidation of MFGI has reported a potential 
$900 million shortfall of funds necessary to repay the account balances 
due to customers trading futures on designated contract markets, and an 
approximately $700 million shortfall in funds immediately available to 
repay the account balances of customers trading on foreign futures 
markets.\9\ The shortfall in customer segregated accounts is 
attributable by the MFGI Trustee to significant transfers of funds out 
of the customer accounts that were used by MFGI for various purposes 
other than to meet obligations to or on

[[Page 67869]]

behalf of customers. The trustee also is attempting to recover 
approximately $640 million of customer funds that was deposited by MFGI 
with its London, U.K. affiliate, MFGUK, as margin funds for trading on 
foreign markets. The MFGI trustee and the Special Administrators 
handling the liquidation of MFGUK are disputing the legal status of the 
funds and whether they are customer funds under English law. The 
outcome of this dispute will have a significant impact on the amount of 
funds that are returned to MFGI.
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    \9\ See Report of the Trustee's Investigation and 
Recommendations, In re MF Global Inc., No. 11-2790 (MG) SIPA (Bankr. 
S.D.N.Y. Jun. 4, 2012).
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    In addition, the Commission filed a civil injunctive complaint in 
federal district court on July 10, 2012, against Peregrine Financial 
Group, Inc. (``PFG''), a registered FCM and its Chief Executive Officer 
(``CEO'') and sole owner, Russell R. Wasendorf, Sr., alleging that PFG 
and Wasendorf, Sr. committed fraud by misappropriating customer funds, 
violated customer fund segregation laws, and made false statements 
regarding the amount of funds in customer segregated accounts in 
financial statements filed with the Commission. The complaint states 
that in July 2012 during an NFA examination PFG falsely represented 
that it held in excess of $220 million of customer funds when in fact 
it held approximately $5.1 million.\10\
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    \10\ Complaint, U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. 
Peregrine Financial Group, Inc., and Russell R. Wasendorf, Sr., No. 
12-cv-5383 (N.D. Ill. July 10, 2012). A copy of the Commission's 
complaint has been posted to the Commission's Web site.
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    Recent incidents also have demonstrated the value of establishing 
robust risk management systems within FCMs and enhanced early warning 
systems to detect and address capital issues. In particular, problems 
that arise through an FCM's non-futures-related business can have a 
direct and significant impact on the FCM's regulatory capital, raising 
questions as to whether the FCM will be able to maintain the minimum 
financial requirements mandated by the Act and Commission 
regulations.\11\
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    \11\ See, e.g., Edward Krudy, Jed Horowitz and John McCrank, 
``Knight's Future in Balance After Trading Disaster,'' Reuters (Aug. 
3, 2012), available at http://in.reuters.com/article/2012/08/03/knightcapital-loss-idINL2E8J27QE20120803 (noting that a software 
issue caused the firm to incur a $440 million trading loss, which 
represented much of the firm's capital); Chris Dieterich and 
Nathalie Tadena, ``Penson Worldwide's US Securities Accounts To Be 
Acquired By Apex Clearing,'' available at http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20120531-717791.html (discussing circumstances that 
led Penson to sell its futures business).
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    These recent incidents have highlighted weaknesses in the customer 
protection regime prescribed in the Commission's regulations and 
through the self-regulatory system. In particular, questions have 
arisen on the requirements surrounding the holding and investment of 
customer funds, including the ability of FCMs to withdraw funds from 
customer segregated accounts and Part 30 secured accounts. 
Additionally, the incidents have underscored the need for additional 
safeguards--such as robust risk management systems, strengthened early-
warning systems surrounding margin and capital requirements, and 
enhanced public disclosures--to promote the protection of customer 
funds and to minimize the systemic risk posed by certain actions of 
market participants. Further questions have arisen on the system of 
audits and examinations of FCMs, and whether the system functions 
adequately to monitor FCMs' activities, verify segregated fund and 
secured amount balances, and detect fraud. Consequently, the Commission 
has taken steps to study and address the issues raised by the 
incidents, and industry participants likewise have taken steps to 
address the issues. Such steps are described in greater detail in the 
next section.

D. Recent Commission Rulemakings and Other Initiatives Relating to 
Customer Protection

    Since late 2011, the Commission has promulgated rules directly 
impacting the protection of customer funds. The Commission also has 
studied the current regulatory framework surrounding customer 
protection, particularly in light of the recent incidents outlined 
above, in order to identify potential enhancements to the systems and 
Commission regulations protecting customer funds. The Commission's 
efforts have been informed, in part, by efforts undertaken by industry 
participants. The proposed rule amendments set forth in this release 
have been informed by the efforts detailed below.
    In December 2011, the Commission adopted final rule amendments 
revising the types of investments that an FCM or DCO can make with 
customer funds under Sec.  1.25, for the purpose of affording greater 
protection for such funds.\12\ Among other changes to Sec. Sec.  1.25 
and 30.7, the final rule amendments removed from the list of permitted 
investments: (1) corporate debt obligations not guaranteed by the 
United States; (2) foreign sovereign debt; and (3) in-house and 
affiliate transactions.
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    \12\ See, Investment of Customer Funds and Funds Held in an 
Account for Foreign Futures and Foreign Options Transactions, 76 FR 
78776 (Dec. 19, 2011).
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    In adopted the amendments to Sec.  1.25, the Commission was mindful 
that customer segregated funds must be invested by FCMs and DCOs in a 
manner that minimizes their exposure to credit, liquidity, and market 
risks both to preserve their availability to customers and DCOs, and to 
enable investments to be quickly converted to cash at a predictable 
value in order to avoid systemic risk. The amendments are consistent 
with the general prudential standard contained in Sec.  1.25, which 
provides that all permitted investments must be ``consistent with the 
objectives of preserving principal and maintaining liquidity.''
    The Commission also approved final regulations that require DCOs to 
collect initial customer margin from FCMs on a gross basis.\13\ Under 
the final regulations, FCMs are no longer permitted to offset one 
customer's margin requirement against another customer's margin 
requirements and deposit only the net margin collateral with the DCO. 
As a result of the rule change, a greater portion of customer initial 
margin will be posted by FCMs to the DCOs.
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    \13\ See Commission Regulation 39.12(g)(8)(i) and Derivatives 
Clearing Organization General Provisions and Core Principles, 76 FR 
69334 (Nov. 8, 2011).
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    The Commission also approved a new margining regime for cleared 
swaps positions.\14\ Under the traditional futures margining model, 
DCOs hold an FCM's customer funds on a collective basis and are 
permitted to use the collective margin funds held for the FCM's 
customers to satisfy a margin deficiency caused by a single customer. 
The Commission approved an alternative margin rule for cleared swap 
transactions. Under the ``LSOC rule'' (legal segregation with 
operational comingling), the DCOs that clear swaps transactions have 
greater information regarding the margin collateral of individual Swaps 
Customers, and each Swaps Customer's collateral is protected 
individually all the way to the clearinghouse.
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    \14\ See 77 FR 6336 (Feb. 7, 2012).
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    The Commission also included customer protection enhancements in 
the final rule for designated contract markets. These provisions codify 
into rules staff guidance on minimum requirements for SROs regarding 
their financial surveillance of FCMs.\15\ The rules require that a DCM 
have arrangements and resources for effective

[[Page 67870]]

rule enforcement and trade and financial surveillance programs, 
including the authority to collect information and examine books and 
records of members and market participants. The rules also establish 
minimum financial standards for both member FCMs and IBs and non-
intermediated market participants. The Commission expressly noted in 
the preamble of the Adopting Release that ``a DCM's duty to set 
financial standards for its FCM members involves setting capital 
requirements, conducting surveillance of the potential future exposure 
of each FCM as compared to its capital, and taking appropriate action 
in light of the results of such surveillance.'' \16\ Further, the rules 
mandate that DCMs adopt rules for the protection of customer funds, 
including the segregation of customer and proprietary funds, the 
custody of customer funds, the investment standards for customer funds, 
intermediary default procedures and related recordkeeping.
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    \15\ See Core Principles and Other Requirements for Designated 
Contract Markets, 77 FR 36612 (June 19, 2012).
    \16\ Id. at 36646.
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    In addition to the rulemaking efforts outlined above, the 
Commission has sought additional information through a series of 
roundtables and other meetings. On February 29 and March 1, 2012, the 
Commission solicited comments and held a public roundtable to solicit 
input on customer protection issues from a broad cross-section of the 
futures industry, including market participants, FCMs, DCOs, SROs, 
securities regulators, foreign clearing organizations, and 
academics.\17\ The roundtable focused on issues relating to the 
advisability and practicality of modifying the segregation models for 
customer funds; alternative models for the custody of customer 
collateral; enhancing FCM controls over the disbursement of customer 
funds; increasing transparency surrounding an FCM's holding and 
investment of customer funds; and lessons learned from recent commodity 
brokerage bankruptcy proceedings.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ Further information on the public roundtable, including 
video recordings and transcripts of the discussions, have been 
posted to the Commission's Web site. See http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_cftcstaff022912 (relating to Feb. 29, 
2012); http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_cftcstaff030112 (relating to Mar. 1, 2012).
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    The Commission also hosted a public meeting of the Technology 
Advisory Committee (``TAC'') on July 26, 2012.\18\ Panelists and TAC 
members discussed potential technological solutions directed at 
enhancing the protection of customers funds by identifying and 
exploring technological issues and possible solutions relating to the 
ability of the Commission, SROs and customers to verify the location 
and status of funds held in customer segregated accounts.
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    \18\ Additional information, including documents submitted by 
meeting participants, has been posted to the Commission's Web site. 
See http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_tac072612.
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    Commission staff hosted an additional roundtable on August 9, 2012, 
to discuss SRO requirements for examinations of FCMs and Commission 
oversight of SRO examination programs. The roundtable also focused on 
the role of the independent public accountant in the FCM examination 
process, and proposals addressing various alternatives to the current 
system for segregating customer funds.
    In developing the proposals set forth in this release, the 
Commission also has been informed by efforts undertaken by industry 
participants. On February 29, 2012, the Futures Industry Association 
(``FIA'') initiated steps to educate customers on the extent of the 
protections provided under the current regulatory structure. FIA issued 
a list of Frequently Asked Questions (``FAQ'') prepared by members of 
the FIA Law and Compliance Division addressing the basics of 
segregation, collateral management and investments, capital 
requirements and other issues for FCMs and joint FCM/BDs, and 
clearinghouse guaranty funds.\19\ The FAQ is intended to provide 
existing and potential customers with a better understanding of the 
risks of engaging in futures trading and a clear explanation of the 
extent of the protections provided to customers and their funds under 
the Act and Commission regulations.
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    \19\ The FIA's release addressing FAQs on the protection of 
customer funds is accessible on the FIA's Web site at http://www.futuresindustry.org/downloads/PCF-FAQs.PDF.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    FIA also issued a series of initial recommendations for the 
protection of customer funds.\20\ The recommendations were prepared by 
the Financial Management Committee, whose members include 
representatives of FIA member firms, DCOs and depository institutions. 
The initial recommendations address enhanced disclosure on the 
protection of customer funds, reporting on segregated funds balances by 
FCMs, FCM internal controls surrounding the holding and disbursement of 
customer funds, and revisions to Part 30 regulations to make the 
protections comparable to those provided for customers trading on 
designated contract markets.
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    \20\ The FIA's initial recommendations are accessible on the 
FIA's Web site at http://www.futuresindustry.org/downloads/Initial_Recommendations_for_Customer_Funds_Protection.pdf.
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    On July 13, 2012, the Commission approved new FCM financial 
requirements proposed by the National Futures Association 
(``NFA'').\21\ The NFA Financial Requirements Section 16 and its 
related Interpretive Notice entitled NFA Financial Requirements Section 
16: FCM Financial Practices and Excess Segregated Funds/Secured Amount 
Disbursements (collectively referred to as ``the Segregated Funds 
Provisions'') were developed in consultation with Commission staff.
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    \21\ For more information relating to the new FCM financial 
requirements, see http://www.nfa.futures.org/news/newsNotice.asp?ArticleID=4072.
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    NFA's Segregated Funds Provisions require each FCM to: (1) Maintain 
written policies and procedures governing the deposit of the FCM's 
proprietary funds (i.e., excess or residual funds) in customer 
segregated accounts and Part 30 secured accounts; (2) maintain a 
targeted amount of excess funds in segregate accounts and Part 30 
secured accounts; (3) file on a daily basis the FCM's segregation and 
Part 30 secured amount computations with NFA; (4) obtain the approval 
of senior management prior to a withdrawal that is not for the benefit 
of customers, whenever the withdrawal equals 25 percent or more of the 
excess segregated or Part 30 secured amount funds; (5) file a notice 
with NFA of any withdrawal that is not for the benefit of customers, 
whenever the withdrawal equals 25 percent or more of the excess 
segregated or Part 30 secured amount funds; (6) file detailed 
information regarding the depositories holding customer funds and the 
investments made with customer funds as of the 15th day (or the next 
business day if the 15th is not a business day) and the last business 
day of each month; and (7) file additional monthly net capital and 
leverage information with NFA.
    Significantly, NFA's Segregated Funds Provisions also require FCMs 
to compute their Part 30 secured amount requirement and compute their 
targeted excess Part 30 secured funds using the same Net Liquidating 
Equity Method that is required by the Act and Commission regulations 
for computing the segregation requirements for customers trading on 
U.S. contract markets under section 4d of the Act. FCMs are not 
permitted under the NFA rules to use the Alternative Method to compute 
the Part 30 secured amount requirement. The failure of an FCM to 
maintain its targeted amount of excess Part 30 funds computed using the 
Net

[[Page 67871]]

Liquidating Equity Method may result in NFA initiating a Membership 
Responsibility Action (``MRA'') against the firm.
    In addition, in setting the target amount of excess funds, the 
FCM's management must perform a due diligence inquiry and consider 
various factors relating, as applicable, to the nature of the FCM's 
business, including the type and general creditworthiness of the FCM's 
customers, the trading activity of the customers, the types and 
volatility of the markets and products traded by the FCM's customers, 
and the FCM's own liquidity and capital needs. The FCM's Board of 
Directors (or similar governing body), CEO or Chief Financial Officer 
(``CFO'') must approve in writing the FCM's targeted residual amount, 
any changes thereto, and any material changes in the FCM's written 
policies and procedures.
    The NFA Board of Directors also approved on August 16, 2012, 
amendments to NFA financial requirements for FCMs that will require 
each FCM to provide its DSRO with view-only access via the Internet to 
account information for each of the FCM's customer segregated funds 
account(s) maintained and held at a bank or trust company. The same 
requirement would apply to the FCM's customer secured account(s) held 
for customers trading on foreign futures exchanges.
    In addition, the NFA rule amendments provide that if a bank or 
trust company is unable to allow the FCM to provide its DSRO with view-
only full access via the Internet, the bank or trust company will not 
be deemed an acceptable depository to hold customer segregated and 
secured accounts. NFA intends to expand its oversight of FCMs under the 
amended rules, once the amendments are implemented, to receive daily 
reports from all depositories for customer segregated and secured 
accounts, including FCMs that are clearing members of DCOs. NFA plans 
to develop a program to compare the balances reported by the 
depositories with the balances reported by the FCMs in their daily 
segregation reports. An immediate alert would be generated for any 
material discrepancies.

E. Commission's Proposal

    The incidents outlined above, coupled with the information 
generated through the recent efforts undertaken by the Commission and 
industry participants, demonstrate the need for new rules and 
amendments to existing rules. In particular, an examination of FCM 
business operations--including the non-futures business of FCMs--and 
the currently regulatory framework evince a need for enhanced customer 
protections, risk management programs, disclosure requirements, and 
auditing and examination programs. The amendments proposed herein 
address these issues in several ways.
    First, recognizing problems surrounding the treatment of customer 
segregated funds and foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amounts, the Commission is proposing to amend several components of 
Parts 1, 22, and 30 of the Commission's regulations. The Commission 
believes that the proposed amendments will provide greater certainty to 
market participants that the customer funds entrusted to FCMs will be 
protected. Second, to address shortcomings in the risk management of 
FCMs, the Commission is proposing a new Sec.  1.11 that will establish 
robust risk management programs. Third, the Commission determined that 
the current regulatory framework should be re-oriented to implement a 
more risk-based, forward-looking perspective, affording the Commission 
and SROs with read-only access to accounts holding customer funds and 
additional information on depositories and the customer assets held in 
such depositories. The proposed amendments to Sec. Sec.  1.10, 1.12, 
1.20, 1.26, and 1.32 address those and other issues. Fourth, given the 
difficulties that can arise in an FCM's business, and the direct and 
significant impact on the FCM's regulatory capital that can result from 
such difficulties, the Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  
1.17(a)(4) to ensure that an FCM's capital and liquidity are sufficient 
to safeguard the continuation of operations at the FCM. Fifth, to 
effect the change in orientation needed in FCM examinations programs, 
as well as to assure quality control over program contents, 
administration and oversight, the Commission is proposing to amend 
Sec.  1.52, which, among other things, addresses the formation of Joint 
Audit Committees and the implementation of Joint Audit Programs. And 
sixth, recognizing the need to increase the information provided to 
customers concerning the risks of futures trading and the FCMs with 
which they may choose to conduct business, the Commission is proposing 
amendments to Sec.  1.55 that will enhance the disclosures provided by 
FCMs. These amendments are discussed in greater detail in the next 
Section.

II. Section by Section Analysis of Proposed Commission Regulations and 
Proposed Amendments to Existing Commission Regulations

A. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.10: Financial Reports of Futures 
Commission Merchants and Introducing Brokers

    Regulation 1.10 requires each FCM to file with the Commission and 
with the firm's DSRO an unaudited financial report each month. The 
financial report must be prepared using Form 1-FR-FCM. An FCM, however, 
that is dually-registered as a BD, may file a Financial and Operational 
Combined Uniform Single Report under the Securities Exchange Act of 
1934 (``FOCUS Report'') in lieu of the Form 1-FR-FCM. Each FCM also is 
required to file an annual report certified by an independent public 
accountant with the Commission and with its DSRO.
    The unaudited monthly and certified annual financial reports are 
required to contain basic financial statements including a statement of 
financial condition, a statement of income (loss), and a statement of 
changes in ownership equity. The financial statements also are required 
to include additional schedules designed to address specific regulatory 
objectives to demonstrate that the FCM is in compliance with minimum 
capital and customer funds segregation requirements. These additional 
schedules include a statement of changes in liabilities subordinated to 
claims of general creditors, a statement of the computation of the 
minimum capital requirements (``Capital Computation Schedule''), a 
statement of segregation requirements and funds in segregation for 
customers trading on U.S. commodity exchanges (``Segregation 
Schedule'') and a statement of secured amounts and funds held in 
separate accounts for foreign futures and foreign options customers 
(``Secured Amount Schedule''). In addition, the certified annual report 
must contain a reconciliation of material differences between the 
Capital Computation Schedule, the Segregation Schedule, and the Secured 
Amount Schedule contained in the certified annual report and the 
unaudited monthly report for the FCM's year-end month.
    The Forms 1-FR-FCM and the FOCUS Reports are necessary financial 
reporting for Commission and DSRO staff to assess the ongoing financial 
condition of an FCM and provide significant information regarding the 
operations of the firm that may impact the FCM's ability to maintain

[[Page 67872]]

compliance with Commission requirements and the protection of customer 
funds. The Form 1-FR-FCM and FOCUS Reports are filed electronically 
with the Commission and are subject to automated edits by the 
Commission's financial statement surveillance software. Alerts and edit 
checks, which may indicate a need for further analysis and follow-up by 
staff, are generated by the financial surveillance software and major 
issues are immediately and automatically forwarded to Commission staff 
for review.
    The Segregation Schedule and the Secured Amount Schedule generally 
indicate, respectively, the total amount of funds held by the FCM in 
segregated or secured accounts, the total amount of funds that the FCM 
must hold in segregated or secured accounts to meet its regulatory 
obligations to futures customers and foreign futures or foreign options 
customers, and whether the firm holds excess segregated or secured 
funds in the segregated or secured accounts as of the reporting date. 
The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.10 to require each FCM to 
also disclose in the Segregation Schedule and in the Secured Amount 
Schedule \22\ a target amount of ``residual interest'' (denoting the 
FCM's proprietary funds) that the FCM is required to maintain in 
customer segregated accounts and secured accounts based upon its 
written policies and procedures for computing a targeted amount 
required under the new risk management provisions in Sec.  1.11 
discussed in Section II.B below.\23\ In addition to the target amount 
of residual interest, the FCM also will be required to report on the 
Segregation Schedule and the Secured Amount Schedule the sum of 
outstanding margin deficits of the relevant customers for each 
computation, to ensure that the residual interest is at all times in 
excess of such sum, demonstrating compliance with the newly proposed 
procedures in Sec. Sec.  1.22 and 1.23, which shall require residual 
interest to exceed the sum of such margin deficits.
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    \22\ The Commission also proposes to revise the title of the 
``Secured Amount Schedule'' by adding the term ``30.7 Customer'' to 
specify that the secured amount will include both U.S.-domiciled and 
foreign-domiciled customers consistent with the proposed amendments 
to Part 30 of the Commission Regulations discussed in Section II.R 
below.
    \23\ The NFA recently adopted a similar amendment to its rules, 
mandating that its member FCMs maintain written policies and 
procedures identifying a target amount that the FCM will seek to 
maintain as its residual interest in customer segregated and secured 
accounts. See NFA Notice I-12-14 (July 18, 2012), available at 
http://www.nfa.futures.org/news/newsNotice.asp?ArticleID=4072.
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    As more fully discussed in Section II.B below, proposed Sec.  1.11 
will require each FCM that carries customer funds to determine a 
necessary level of excess segregated and secured funds that the firm 
should hold in segregated or secured accounts to ensure against 
becoming undersegregated or undersecured as a result of the withdrawal 
of proprietary funds from segregated or secured accounts. Each FCM is 
required under proposed Sec.  1.11 to compute or determine the 
necessary target of residual interest based upon appropriate due 
diligence and consideration of various factors relating to the nature 
of the FCM's business,\24\ including the type and general 
creditworthiness of the customer base, the amount of the undermargined 
customer accounts on any given day, and the volatility and liquidity of 
the markets and products traded by customers.
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    \24\ The term ``Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral'' is defined 
in Sec.  22.1 to mean all money, securities, or other property 
received by a futures commission merchant or by a derivatives 
clearing organization from, for, or on behalf of a Cleared Swaps 
Customer to margin a Cleared Swap or the settlement value of a 
Cleared Swap, and includes any accruals on such Cleared Swap 
transactions.
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    The disclosure of the targeted amount of the FCM's residual 
interest in segregated or secured accounts will allow the Commission 
and DSRO to assess the size of the target relative to both the total 
funds held in segregation or secured accounts and to compare the target 
to other FCMs. Such information will assist the Commission and DSROs in 
assessing the potential risk that a firm may become undersegregated or 
undersecured, and will enhance the Commission's and DSRO's ability to 
protect customer funds.
    The Commission also is proposing to revise Form 1-FR-FCM to adopt a 
new ``Statement of Cleared Swap Customer Segregation Requirements and 
Funds in Cleared Swap Customer Accounts Under Section 4d(f) of the 
Act'' (``Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule''). The Commission is 
proposing the Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule to implement 
provisions in section 724(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act.\25\ Section 724(a) 
amended section 4d of the Act, and requires an FCM to segregate from 
its own assets any money, securities and other property deposited by a 
Cleared Swaps Customer to margin its cleared swaps positions. As part 
of the implementation of section 724(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act, the 
Commission adopted Sec.  22.2(g) which requires an FCM to compute, as 
of the close of business each business day, a segregation computation 
demonstrating compliance with its obligation to hold sufficient funds 
in segregated accounts in an amount sufficient to cover the total Net 
Liquidating Equity of each of the FCM's Cleared Swaps Customers.\26\ 
The proposed Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule will be comparable to 
the current Segregation Schedule and will allow the Commission and the 
FCM's DSRO to obtain information on the FCM's holding of Cleared Swaps 
Customer Collateral to ensure that such funds are held in accordance 
with the provisions of Part 22 of the Commission's regulations and that 
the FCM is reporting that it has sufficient funds in segregated 
accounts to meet its obligations to all of its Cleared Swaps Customers 
computed under the Net Liquidating Equity Method.
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    \25\ See Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection 
Act, Public Law 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010). The text of the 
Dodd-Frank Act may be accessed at http://www.cftc.gov/LawRegulation/OTCDERIVATIVES/index.htm.
    \26\ See 77 FR 6336 (February 7, 2012).
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    The Commission previously proposed a Cleared Swaps Segregation 
Schedule as part of its proposed regulations to adopt capital 
requirements for swap dealers and major swap participants.\27\ In light 
of the Commission's decision to revise the Cleared Swaps Segregation 
Schedule from the version that was published for comment as part of the 
Commission's proposed capital rules for swap dealers and major swap 
participants by requiring the FCM to separately disclose its targeted 
residual interest in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts and the sum of 
margin deficits for such accounts, the Commission is republishing the 
Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule as part of this proposal to provide 
the public with an opportunity to comment on the proposal.\28\
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    \27\ See Capital Requirements of Swap Dealers and Major Swap 
Participants, 76 FR 27802 (May 12, 2011).
    \28\ Regulation 1.10(h) provides that a dually-registered FCM/BD 
may file a FOCUS Report in lieu of the Form 1-FR-FCM provided that 
all information that is required to be included in the Form 1-FR-FCM 
is included in the FOCUS Report. Currently, dual-registrant FCM/BDs 
include a Segregation Schedule and a Secured Amount Schedule in the 
FOCUS Report filings as supplemental schedules. If the Commission 
were to adopt a Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule, dual-registrant 
FCM/BDs would have to include such schedule in their Focus Report 
filings.
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    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.10(g)(2) to 
provide that the Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule is a public 
document. Regulation 1.10 currently provides that the Commission will 
treat the monthly Form 1-FR-FCM

[[Page 67873]]

reports and monthly FOCUS Reports as exempt from mandatory public 
disclosure for purposes of the Freedom of Information Act and the 
Government in the Sunshine Act, except for certain capital numbers and 
other financial information including the Segregation Schedules and the 
Secured Amount Schedules contained in the financial reports. The 
Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.10(g)(2) to provide that the 
Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule is a public document in the same 
manner as the Segregation Schedule and Secured Amount Schedule, and is 
available by requesting copies from the Commission.
    Making the Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule publicly available 
will benefit customers and potential customers by allowing them to 
review an FCM's compliance with its regulatory obligations and will 
provide a certain amount of detail as to how the FCM holds customer 
funds, which customers and potential customers will be able to assess 
from a risk perspective and also use to compare to other firms. This 
information, coupled with additional firm risk disclosures that the 
Commission is proposing in Sec.  1.55 and discussed in detail in 
Section II.P below, will provide customers with greater transparency 
regarding the risks of entrusting their funds and engaging in 
transactions with particular FCMs. Customers also will be able to view 
the total amount of the targeted residual interest each FCM holds and 
to assess for themselves the adequacy of the targeted residual interest 
and whether the FCM holds funds in excess of the targeted residual 
interest.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend several statements in the 
Form 1-FR-FCM. The Commission is proposing to amend the Statement of 
Financial Condition by adding a new line item 1.D. Line 1 currently 
separately details the amount of funds in segregation or separate 
accounts for futures customers and foreign futures or foreign option 
customers. Proposed line item 1.D. will set forth the amount of funds 
held by the FCM in segregated accounts for Cleared Swaps Customers. 
This amendment is necessary due to the adoption of the Part 22 
regulations, which require the segregation of Cleared Swaps Customer 
Collateral and the proposed adoption of the Cleared Swaps Segregation 
Schedule as part of the Form 1-FR-FCM.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend the Statement of 
Financial Condition by adding a new line item 22.F., which requires the 
separate disclosure of the FCM's liability to Cleared Swaps Customers. 
The Commission also is proposing to revise current line item 27.J. to 
require the FCM to disclose its obligation to retail forex customers. 
Currently, an FCM's obligation to retail forex customers is included 
with other miscellaneous liabilities and reported under current line 
item 27.J. ``Other.'' The separate reporting of an FCM's retail forex 
obligation will provide greater transparency on the Statement of 
Financial Condition regarding the firm's obligations to its retail 
counterparties in off-exchange foreign currency transactions, and is 
appropriate given the Commission's direct jurisdiction over such 
activities under section 2(c) of the Act when conducted by an FCM.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.10(b)(1)(ii) to 
require that an FCM submit its certified annual report to the 
Commission and to its DSRO within 60 days of its year-end date. 
Currently, an FCM is required to submit the annual certified financial 
statements within 90 days of the firm's year-end date, except for FCMs 
that are dually-registered as FCM/BDs, which are require to submit the 
certified annual report within 60 days of the year-end date under both 
Commission and SEC regulations. Therefore, the proposal will only 
impact FCMs that are not dually-registered as BDs.
    The proposal will align the filing deadlines for both FCMs and dual 
registrant FCMs/BDs. The annual certified financial report is a key 
component of the Commission's and DSROs' financial surveillance 
program, as it represents that an independent entity has conducted an 
audit following U.S. generally accepted auditing standards for the 
purpose of expressing an opinion on the financial statements of the 
FCM. Requiring standalone FCMs to submit the certified financial 
statements within 60 days of the firm's year-end date will allow 
Commission and DSRO staff to review the financial statements on a more 
timely basis to identify and address accounting or auditing issues that 
may impact the financial condition of the FCM.
    In addition, the Commission notes that, pursuant to Sec.  
3.3(f)(2), the annual report of an FCM's CCO must be furnished 
electronically to the Commission simultaneously with the submission of 
Form 1-FR-FCM, as required under Sec.  1.10(b)(2)(ii); simultaneously 
with the FOCUS Report, as required under Sec.  1.10(h); or 
simultaneously with the financial condition report, as required under 
section 4s(f) of the Act, as applicable. Given the 60-day deadline 
proposed herein, the Commission is proposing a conforming amendment to 
Sec.  3.3(f)(2) to reflect the proposed 60-day deadline.
    The Commission is proposing to add a new requirement in Sec.  
1.10(b)(5) to require each FCM to file with the Commission on a monthly 
basis its balance sheet leverage ratio. FCMs currently are required to 
file the same leverage information with the NFA on a monthly basis. The 
Commission does not expect the imposition of this regulation to have 
any significant impact on the FCMs as the ratio is calculated from 
existing reported balances and already provided to NFA.
    The leverage ratio will provide information regarding the amount of 
assets supported by the FCM's capital base. The Commission views 
leverage information as an important element in assessing the financial 
condition of an FCM as a high degree of balance sheet leverage may 
indicate that the firm does not have the capital to support its 
investment decisions, particularly if such investments loose a 
significant amount of their value in a short period of time or require 
substantial margin payments or other payments to support.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.10(c)(2)(i) to 
require that all monthly unaudited Forms 1-FR-FCM or FOCUS Reports be 
filed electronically with the Commission. The Commission also is 
proposing to amend Sec.  1.10(c)(2)(i) to require an FCM to file its 
certified financial statement in electronic format.
    FCMs currently file the monthly unaudited financial statements with 
the Commission using the WinJammer Online Filing System (``WinJammer'') 
electronic filing system, and the proposed amendments are simply 
codifying current practices.\29\ Annual certified financial reports 
currently are required to be filed in paper form, and are required to 
contain the manual signature of the public accountant that conducted 
the examination. Under the Commission's proposal, an FCM will use the 
WinJammer system to file its certified financial report as a ``PDF'' 
document. The electronic filing of certified annual reports will ensure 
that such documents are received in a timely manner and will allow 
Commission staff to initiate prompt reviews of the public accountant's 
report to identify any accounting issues or material inadequacies that 
might have been identified during the examination. The

[[Page 67874]]

timely review of the certified financial statements will enhance 
customer protections as deficiencies and other accounting issues will 
be promptly identified and reviewed.
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    \29\ WinJammer is a web-based application developed jointly by 
the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (``CME'') and the NFA. FCMs 
currently use WinJammer to transmit Forms 1-FR-FCM, FOCUS Reports, 
and other financial information and regulatory notices to the 
Commission and to the SROs.
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    The Commission also is proposing a technical amendment to Sec.  
1.10(c)(1). Regulation 1.10(c)(1) provides that any report or 
information required to be provided to the Commission by an IB or FCM 
will be considered filed when received by the Commission Regional 
office with jurisdiction over the state in which the FCM has its 
principal place of business. To ensure that reports are filed 
expeditiously with the correct Commission Regional office, the 
Commission's proposed amendment to Sec.  1.10(c)(1) cross-references 
Sec.  140.02, which sets forth the jurisdiction of each of the 
Commission's three Regional offices.
    The Commission requests comment on all aspects the proposed 
amendments to Sec.  1.10. Specifically, the Commission requests 
comments on the following questions:
     Should other schedules in the Form 1-FR-FCM be amended to 
provide additional information to the Commission and the FCM's SROs?
     The Commission is proposing to require FCMs to submit to 
the Commission and the firm's DSRO a monthly computation of the FCM's 
balance sheet leverage. The proposal is consistent with the leverage 
computation set forth in the rules of the NFA. Are there other measures 
of leverage that the Commission should consider adopting? Are there 
other financial statement ratios in addition to leverage that the 
Commission should consider requiring FCMs to submit to the Commission 
and DSROs?

B. Proposed Sec.  1.11: Risk Management Program for Futures Commission 
Merchants

    Proposed Sec.  1.11 requires each FCM that carries customer 
accounts \30\ to establish a risk management program designed to 
monitor and manage the risks associated with the FCM's activities as an 
FCM. It further provides: (1) That such risk management program consist 
of written policies and procedures; (2) that such policies and 
procedures be approved by the governing body of the FCM and be 
furnished to the Commission; and (3) that a risk management unit that 
is independent from the business unit be established to administer the 
risk management program.
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    \30\ Proposed Sec.  1.11 contains an applicability provision in 
paragraph (a) that makes clear that the risk management program is 
only required of FCMs that accept money, securities, or property to 
margin or secure the trades or contracts of customers transacting in 
futures, options on futures, and swaps.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Paragraph (b) of proposed Sec.  1.11 establishes definitions for 
the terms ``Customer,'' ``Customer Account,'' ``Business Unit,'' 
``Governing Body,'' ``Segregated Funds,'' and ``Senior Management.''
    ``Business Unit'' is defined to clearly delineate the separation of 
the risk management unit required by the proposed rule from the other 
personnel of an FCM.
    The term ``Customer'' is defined broadly to include futures 
customers (as defined in Sec.  1.3) trading futures contracts or 
options on futures contracts listed on designated contract markets, 
30.7 Customers (as proposed to be defined in Sec.  30.1) trading 
futures contract or options on futures contracts listed on foreign 
contract markets, and Cleared Swaps Customers (as defined in Sec.  
22.1) engaging in cleared swap transactions.
    The term ``Customer Funds'' is defined to mean funds deposited by 
futures customers, 30.7 Customers, and Cleared Swap Customers as margin 
or funds accruing to such customers from open futures or cleared swap 
transactions. Existing Commission regulations require FCMs to hold each 
of these types of customer deposited funds, as applicable, in separate 
accounts and to segregate such Customer Funds from the FCM's own funds 
and from each other type.
    The term ``Governing Body'' is defined as the sole proprietor, if 
the FCM is a sole proprietorship; a general partner, if the FCM is a 
partnership; the board of directors, if the FCM is a corporation; and 
the chief executive officer, chief financial officer, the manager, the 
managing member, or those members vested with the management authority 
if the FCM is a limited liability company or limited partnership. 
``Senior Management'' is defined to mean any officer or officers 
specifically granted the authority and responsibility to fulfill the 
requirements of senior management by the Governing Body. These 
definitions, as used in proposed Sec.  1.11, are designed to ensure 
that there is accountability at the highest levels for the FCM's key 
internal controls and processes designed to protect the funds of the 
FCM's customers.
    The term ``Segregated Funds'' is defined to mean money, securities, 
or other property held by a futures commission merchant in separate 
accounts pursuant to Sec.  1.20 for futures customers, pursuant to 
Sec.  22.2 for cleared swaps customers, and pursuant to Sec.  30.7 for 
foreign futures and options customers. The definition makes clear that 
the requirements of Sec.  1.11 applies to all customer funds that may 
be held by an FCM.
    Proposed Sec.  1.11(c)(4) requires FCMs to provide copies of the 
risk management policies and procedures to the Commission and the FCM's 
DSRO in order to allow the Commission and DSROs to monitor the status 
of risk management practices among FCMs. Submission of such policies 
and procedures to the Commission without further comment or action by 
the Commission or Commission staff should not be construed as an 
endorsement of the completeness or effectiveness of the risk management 
policies and procedures and no FCM should make a representation to the 
contrary. The Commission invites comments on the submission of risk 
management policies and procedures and, more generally, on whether the 
provisions of Sec.  1.11 have achieved a sufficient level of detail for 
the purposes of designing a comprehensive risk management program.
    Proposed Sec.  1.11(e) provides for a non-exclusive list of the 
elements that must be a part of the risk management program of an FCM. 
Such policies and procedures should include: (1) identifying risks 
(including risks posed by affiliates, all lines of business of the FCM, 
and all other trading activity of the FCM) and setting of risk 
tolerance limits; (2) providing periodic risk exposure reports to 
senior management and the governing body; (3) operational risk 
controls; (4) capital controls; and (5) establishing a risk management 
program that takes into account risks associated with the safekeeping 
and segregation of customer funds.
    In regard to customer funds, the Commission notes that FCMs are 
required by the Act and Commission regulations to segregate and 
safeguard funds deposited by customers for trading futures and/or swap 
contracts. Recent events have emphasized that it is essential that FCMs 
maintain adequate systems of internal controls, involving the 
participation and review of the firm's senior management, in order to 
properly safeguard customer funds. Accordingly, proposed Sec.  
1.11(e)(3)(i) requires that the risk management policies and procedures 
of an FCM related to the risks associated with safekeeping and 
segregation of customer funds must include: (1) The evaluation and 
monitoring of depositories; \31\ (2)

[[Page 67875]]

account opening procedures that ensure the FCM obtains the 
acknowledgment required under Sec.  1.20 from the depository and that 
the account is properly titled as belonging to the customers of the 
FCM; \32\ (3) establishing and maintaining an adequate targeted amount 
of excess funds in customer accounts reasonably designed to ensure the 
FCM is at all times in compliance with the segregation requirements for 
customer funds under the Act and Commission regulations, as discussed 
further below; (4) controls ensuring that withdrawal of cash, 
securities, or other property from accounts holding customer funds not 
for the benefit of customers are in compliance with the Act and 
Commission regulations; \33\ (5) procedures for assessing the 
appropriateness of investing customer funds in accordance with Sec.  
1.25; \34\ (6) the valuation, marketability, and liquidity of customer 
funds and permitted investments made with customer funds; (7) the 
appropriate separation of duties of personnel responsible for 
compliance with the Act and Commission regulations relating to the 
protection and financial reporting of customer funds; \35\ (8) 
procedures for the timely recording of transactions in the firm's books 
and records; and (9) annual training of personnel responsible for 
compliance with the Act and Commission regulations relating to the 
protection and financial reporting of customer funds.
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    \31\ The evaluation process must include documented criteria 
that any depository will be assessed against in order to qualify to 
hold funds belonging to Customers. The criteria must address a 
depository's capitalization, creditworthiness, operational 
reliability, access to liquidity. The criteria must also address 
risks associated with concentration of Customer funds in any 
depository or group of depositories, the availability of deposit 
insurance, and the regulation and supervision of depositories. The 
evaluation criteria is intended to ensure that the FCM adopts an 
evaluation process which reviews potential depositories against 
substantive criteria relevant to the safe custody of Customer funds 
and that the FCM's process for evaluating and selecting depositories 
can be reviewed by regulators and auditors. The FCM also must 
maintain a documented process addressing the ongoing monitoring of 
selected depositories, including a thorough due diligence review of 
each depository at least annually.
    \32\ As required by Sec.  1.20, such account opening 
documentation is necessary to ensure that the depositories are aware 
of their obligations regarding the accounts and the statutory and 
regulatory protections afforded the funds held in the accounts due 
to their status as Segregated Funds.
    \33\ The controls must include the conditions for pre-approval 
and the notice to the Commission for such withdrawals required by 
proposed Sec.  1.23, Sec.  22.17, or Sec.  30.7, discussed below.
    \34\ The FCM's assessment must take into consideration the 
market, credit, counterparty, operational, and liquidity risks 
associated with the investments.
    \35\ The policies and procedures must provide for the separation 
of duties among personnel that are responsible for customer trading 
activities, and approving and overseeing cash receipts and 
disbursements (including investment and treasury operations). The 
policies and procedures must further require that any movement of 
funds to affiliated companies or parties be approved and documented.
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    Regarding the proposed requirement that FCMs establish and maintain 
an adequate targeted amount of excess funds in customer accounts, the 
Commission notes that FCMs currently deposit proprietary funds into 
both customer segregated accounts and Part 30 secured accounts as a 
buffer to minimize the possibility of the firm being in violation of 
its segregated and secured fund obligations at any time. Under the 
proposal, senior management of the FCM must perform appropriate due 
diligence in setting the amount of this buffer and must consider the 
nature of the FCM's business including the type and general 
creditworthiness of its customer base, the types of markets and 
products traded by the firm's customers, the proprietary trading 
activities of the FCM, the volatility and liquidity of the markets and 
products traded by the customers and the FCM, the FCM's own liquidity 
and capital needs, and historical trends in customer segregation and 
secured account funds balances, customer debits and margin deficits. 
The FCM also must reassess the adequacy of the targeted residual 
interest quarterly.
    The Commission believes that each FCM must set the amount of excess 
segregated and secured funds required utilizing a quantitative and 
qualitative analysis that reasonably ensures compliance at all times 
with segregated and secured fund obligations. Such analysis must take 
into account the various factors that could affect segregated and 
secured balances, and must be sufficiently described in writing to 
allow the DSRO of the FCM and Commission to duplicate the calculations 
and test the assumptions. The analysis must provide a reasonable level 
of assurance that the excess is at an appropriate level for the 
FCM.\36\ A failure to adopt or maintain appropriate risk management 
policies and procedures or to implement, monitor and enforce controls 
required by Sec.  1.11 may result in a referral to the Commission's 
Division of Enforcement for appropriate action.
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    \36\ Separate from requiring the establishment of a target for 
residual interest, the Commission is further requiring, as discussed 
in more detail under Sections II.G, II.H, and II.I for Sec. Sec.  
1.20, 1.22, and 1.23, respectively, that residual interest at all 
times exceed the sum of outstanding margin deficits to provide a 
mechanism for ensuring compliance with the prohibition of the funds 
of one customer being used to margin or guarantee the positions of 
another customer under the Act and existing regulations.
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    Finally, to ensure the effectiveness of a risk management program, 
Sec.  1.11(e)(4) requires that the risk management program include a 
supervisory system that is reasonably designed to ensure that the risk 
management policies and procedures are diligently followed. 
Furthermore, Sec.  1.11(f) requires an annual review and testing of the 
adequacy of each FCM's risk management program by internal audit staff 
or a qualified external, third party service.
    The Commission requests comment on all aspects of proposed Sec.  
1.11. Specifically, the Commission requests comment on the following:
     Should the Commission have different risk management 
requirements for FCMs based upon some measureable criteria, such as 
size of the firm or type of customers? How would the Commission design 
such criteria to distinguish between firms? Which elements in proposed 
Sec.  1.11 should apply to smaller FCMs vs. larger FCMs? What elements 
should apply to all FCMs irrespective of the size of the firm?
     Does the proposed risk management program address the 
appropriate minimum elements that should be covered by an FCM risk 
management program?
     Regulation 3.3 requires the CCO of an FCM to provide an 
annual report to the Commission that must review each applicable 
requirement under the Act and Commission regulations, and with respect 
to each applicable requirement, identify the policies and procedures 
that are reasonably designed to ensure compliance with the requirement, 
and provide an assessment of the effectiveness of the policies and 
procedures.\37\ The annual report also must include a certification by 
the CCO that, to the best of his or her knowledge and reasonable 
belief, and under penalty of law, the information contained in the 
annual report is accurate and complete. The Commission requests comment 
on whether the standard for the CCO's certification in the annual 
report (i.e., based upon the CCO's knowledge and reasonable belief) is 
adequate for a certification of the FCM's compliance with policies and 
procedures for the safeguarding of customer funds. Should Sec.  1.11 
contain a separate CCO certification requirement

[[Page 67876]]

that would impose a higher duty of strict liability or some other 
higher obligation on a CCO?
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    \37\ Such report is mandated by Sec.  3.3 of the Commission's 
regulations; See Swap Dealer and Major Swap Participant 
Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Duties Rules; Futures Commission 
Merchant and Introducing Broker Conflicts of Interest Rules; and 
Chief Compliance Officer Rules for Swap Dealers, Major Swap 
Participants, and Futures Commission Merchants, 77 FR 20128, Apr. 3, 
2012 (promulgating final rules concerning the CCOs of FCMs, swap 
dealers, and major swap participants); see also Sec.  4d(d) of the 
Act, 7 U.S.C. 6d(d).
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     Should the risk management program require an FCM to 
conduct quarterly or periodic audits to detect any breach of the 
policies and procedures that address the proper segregation of customer 
funds?
     Should the Commission establish a phased-in compliance 
provision for Sec.  1.11? If so, how long of a phase-in period should 
be provided? Should there be different phase-in periods for different 
provisions of the proposed regulation?

C. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.12: Maintenance of Minimum Financial 
Requirements by Futures Commission Merchants and Introducing Brokers

    The regulatory notices required under Sec.  1.12 are intended to 
provide the Commission and SROs with prompt notice of potential adverse 
conditions at FCMs or IBs that may indicate or lead to a threat to the 
financial condition of the firm or the protection of customer funds 
held by the FCM. In adopting Sec.  1.12 in 1978, the Commission stated 
that the establishment of an early warning system was necessary because 
``[a] fundamental purpose of the Act is to protect the public from 
financially irresponsible FCMs who handle customer funds.'' \38\
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    \38\ 43 FR 39956, 39967 (Sept. 8, 1978).
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    Regulation 1.12 currently obligates FCMs and IBs to provide notice 
to the Commission and to the respective DSROs if certain specified 
reportable events occur. Reportable events include: failing to maintain 
the minimum level of required regulatory capital (Sec.  1.12 (a)); 
failing to maintain current books and records (Sec.  1.12(c)); and 
failing to comply with the requirements to properly segregate customer 
funds (Sec.  1.12(h)). The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.12 
to include several additional reportable events and to revise the 
process for submitting reportable events to the Commission and DSROs.
    Regulation 1.12(a) requires an FCM or IB that fails to maintain the 
minimum level of adjusted net capital required by Sec.  1.17 to provide 
immediate notice to the Commission and to the entity's DSRO. The notice 
must include additional information to adequately reflect the FCM's or 
IB's current capital condition as of any date that the entity is 
undercapitalized.
    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.12(a) to explicitly 
provide that if the FCM or IB cannot compute or document its actual 
capital at the time it knows that it is undercapitalized, it must still 
provide the written notice required by Sec.  1.12(a) immediately and 
cannot delay filing the notice until it has adequate information to 
compute its actual level of adjusted net capital. A purpose of the 
notice provision under Sec.  1.12(a) is to provide the Commission and 
the DSROs with immediate notice of the undercapitalized condition of an 
FCM or IB. If an FCM or IB were to delay alerting the Commission that 
it was undercapitalized due to the fact that it could not accurately 
assess its capital condition, it would frustrate the intent of the 
notice provision. It is imperative that an FCM or IB provide immediate 
notice if the firm is undercapitalized. Upon the filing of a notice, 
Commission and SRO staff will contact the FCM or IB to obtain greater 
details of the financial condition of the firm, including information 
regarding its current financial condition or issues associated with the 
firm's inability to accurately determine its current financial 
condition.
    Regulation 1.12(h) currently requires an FCM that fails to hold 
sufficient funds in segregated accounts to meet its obligations to 
futures customers, or that fails to hold sufficient funds in separate 
accounts for foreign futures or foreign options customers, to provide 
immediate notice to the Commission and to the FCM's DSRO. The 
Commission is proposing to amend paragraph (h) to include an explicit 
requirement that an FCM provide immediate notice to the Commission and 
to its DSRO if the FCM fails to hold sufficient funds in segregated 
accounts for Cleared Swaps Customers to meet its obligation to such 
customers.
    Commencing November 8, 2012, the compliance date for certain 
Commission Part 22 regulations, FCMs will be required under Sec.  22.2 
to hold a sufficient amount of funds in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts 
to meet the Net Liquidating Equity of each Cleared Swaps Customer.\39\ 
Immediate notification of a failure to hold sufficient funds in 
segregation for Cleared Swaps Customers is essential for the Commission 
and DSROs to promptly assess the financial condition of an FCM and to 
determine if there are threats to the safety of the Cleared Swaps 
Customers' funds held by the FCM. The proposed amendment to Sec.  
1.12(h) also harmonizes the notice requirements whenever an FCM fails 
to hold sufficient funds for futures customers, 30.7 Customers, and 
Cleared Swaps Customers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \39\ 77 FR 6336 (Feb. 7, 2012).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.12 by adding new 
paragraph (i) to require an FCM to provide notice whenever it discovers 
or is informed that it has invested funds held for customers in 
investments that are not permitted investments under Sec.  1.25, or if 
the FCM holds permitted investments in a manner that is not in 
compliance with the provisions of Sec.  1.25 (such as the investment 
concentration limits). The proposal will apply to funds held for 
futures customers, 30.7 Customers, and Cleared Swaps Customers.
    The protection of customer funds is a core element of the 
Commission's regulatory program. FCMs are entrusted with a 
responsibility to use customer funds only for the benefit of the 
depositing customers.\40\ FCMs are permitted, however, to invest 
customer funds pursuant to the standards and conditions set forth in 
Sec.  1.25. Regulation 1.25 contains a list of permitted investments 
and other criteria that are intended to allow an FCM to receive the 
benefit of investing customer funds while also preserving the principal 
and maintaining the liquidity of the customer funds.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \40\ Regulation 1.20(a), 17 CFR 1.20(a).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Requiring an FCM to provide prompt notice of a Sec.  1.25 violation 
will allow Commission and DSRO staff to assess whether customer funds 
are endangered and to work with the FCM to ensure that the 
impermissible investments are appropriately liquidated and customer 
funds remain intact. Commission and DSRO staff also will benefit from 
receiving notices of Sec.  1.25 violations in that the notices will 
provide information regarding new investments that FCMs may engage in 
that are not permitted investments under Sec.  1.25. Such information 
will be helpful for the Commission and DSRO in conducting reviews of 
other FCMs and in providing regulatory updates to the industry.\41\
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    \41\ The Commission further notes that investing customer funds 
in investments that are not permitted investments under Sec.  1.25, 
or holding investments in a manner that is otherwise not compliant 
with Sec.  1.25 does not change the legal status of the funds as 
customer funds in the event of the bankruptcy of the FCM.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.12 to provide a 
new paragraph (j) that will require an FCM to provide immediate notice 
to the Commission and to the firm's DSRO if the FCM does not hold an 
amount of funds in segregated accounts for futures customers or for 
Cleared Swaps Customers, or if the FCM does not hold sufficient funds 
in separate accounts for 30.7 Customers, sufficient to meet the firm's 
targeted residual interest in one or more of these accounts as computed

[[Page 67877]]

under proposed Sec.  1.11, or if its residual interest in one or more 
of these accounts is less than the sum of outstanding margin deficits 
for such accounts. Proposed Sec.  1.11 will require each FCM that 
carries customer funds to calculate an appropriate amount of excess 
funds (i.e., proprietary funds) to hold in segregated or secured 
accounts to mitigate the FCM from being undersegregated or undersecured 
due to a withdrawal of proprietary funds from a segregated or secured 
account. The fact that an FCM is not holding a sufficient amount of 
excess funds in customer accounts to meet its targeted residual 
interest may be indicative of more severe financial or operational 
issues at the firm. In addition, if an FCM's residual interest is less 
than the sum of outstanding margin deficits in one such account, it is 
possible that funds of one customer in such account are at risk of 
margining or guaranteeing the open positions of another customer. 
Accordingly, the Commission is proposing to require an FCM to file 
immediate notice of such an event to allow Commission and DSRO staff to 
contact the FCM to assess the condition of the firm and the safety of 
customer funds.
    The Commission also is proposing new paragraphs (k) and (l) for 
Sec.  1.12. Paragraphs (k) and (l) will require an FCM to provide 
notice to the Commission and to the firm's DSRO in the event of a 
material adverse impact in the financial condition of the firm or a 
material change in the firm's operations. Proposed paragraph (k) will 
require an FCM to provide immediate notice if the FCM, its parent, or a 
material affiliate, experiences a material adverse impact to its 
creditworthiness or its ability to fund its obligations. Indications of 
a material adverse impact of an FCM's creditworthiness may include a 
bank or other financing entity withdrawing credit facilities, a credit 
rating downgrade, or the FCM being placed on ``credit watch'' by a 
credit rating agency. Proposed paragraph (l) will require an FCM to 
provide immediate notice of material changes in the operations of the 
firm, including: A change in senior management; the establishment or 
termination of a material line of business; a material change in the 
FCM's clearing arrangements; or a material change in the FCM's credit 
arrangements. Paragraph (l) is intended to provide the Commission with 
notice of material events, such as the departure of the FCM's CCO, CFO, 
or CEO.
    As noted above, Sec.  1.12 is intended to provide the Commission 
and DSROs with notice of potential issues that may impact the financial 
condition of an FCM or the safety of customer funds. The regulatory 
objective is for FCMs to provide material information to the Commission 
and DSROs as early as possible so that the Commission and DSROs can 
assess the information and communicate with the FCMs prior to a more 
serious issue developing that may impair the financial condition of the 
firms or the safety of customer funds. Proposed paragraphs (k) and (l) 
will provide the Commission and DSROs with notice of major events that 
will initiate a dialogue between the Commission, DSROs, and FCMs which 
will have the benefit of informing the Commission and DSROs of material 
events impacting FCMs. Such information would be used by the Commission 
and DSROs in setting the scope of the review and monitoring of the 
FCMs, including the determination of the risk of the firms for purposes 
of scheduling future examinations. Without paragraphs (k) and (l), the 
Commission and DSROs may not learn of material events at FCMs until the 
firms are subject to periodic examinations.
    The Commission is proposing to add a new paragraph (m) to Sec.  
1.12 that will require an FCM that receives a notice, examination 
report, or any other correspondence from the SEC or a SRO to file a 
copy of such notice, examination report, or correspondence with the 
Commission. In order to perform comprehensive oversight of an FCM, the 
Commission and the DSROs need to receive prompt notice of any concern 
or adverse action taken by the SEC or a securities SRO. The protection 
of futures customers funds are not immune from issues that arise from 
the securities operations or business of a dual registrant FCM/BD. 
Requiring an FCM to provide prompt notice to the Commission and the 
firm's DSRO of any notice, examination report, or correspondence that 
the firm receives from the SEC or a securities SRO will allow the 
Commission and the DSRO to identify potential threats to the safety of 
customer funds.
    The Commission is further proposing to amend the process that an 
FCM uses to file the notices required by Sec.  1.12. Currently, Sec.  
1.12 requires an FCM to provide the Commission and DSROs with 
telephonic and facsimile notice in some situations, and to provide 
written notice by mail in other situations. An FCM also is permitted, 
but not required, to file notices and written reports with the 
Commission and with its DSRO using an electronic filing system in 
accordance with instructions issued by or approved by the Commission.
    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.12(n) to require that 
all notices and reports filed by an FCM with the Commission or with the 
FCM's DSRO must be in writing and submitted using an electronic filing 
system. Each FCM currently uses WinJammer to file regulatory notices 
with the Commission and with the firm's DSRO. The WinJammer system 
provides for the most effective mechanism for ensuring that regulatory 
notices are promptly received by the Commission and by the DSROs.\42\ 
The regulation further provides that if the FCM cannot file a notice 
due to the electronic system being inoperable or for any other reason, 
it must contact the Commission Regional office with jurisdiction over 
the firm and make arrangements for the filing of the regulatory notices 
by filing the notice with the Commission via electronic mail at a 
specially designated email address established by the Commission; 
fcmnotices@cftc.gov. The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  
1.12(n) to require that each notice filed by an FCM, IB, or SRO under 
Sec.  1.12 must include a discussion of what caused the reportable 
event, and what steps have been, or are being taken, to address the 
reportable event. The reporting entity, however, may not delay the 
reporting of a reportable event if it does not possess complete 
information on what caused the event, or the steps that have been taken 
or are being taken to address the event.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \42\ The Commission's proposed amendment to require the 
electronic filing of reports applies to both registered FCMs and 
applicants for registration as FCMs. Applicants for FCM registration 
currently file regulatory notices with NFA using WinJammer.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The amendments to Sec. Sec.  1.12(b), (d), (e), (f) and (g) are 
necessary and technical in nature, and primarily revise internal cross-
references to the filing requirements in Sec.  1.12(n).
    The Commission request comment on all aspects of the proposed 
amendments to Sec.  1.12. Specifically, the Commission requests comment 
on the following:
     Are there other reportable events that the Commission 
should consider adding to Sec.  1.12 that would benefit the Commission 
and the DSROs in the monitoring of the financial and operating 
conditions of FCMs?
     Should the Commission consider removing any of the 
reportable events listed in Sec.  1.12? If so, why?
     Should any of the reportable events be made public by the 
Commission, SROs, or FCMs? If so, which reportable events? What benefit 
would the public receive from the disclosure of the reportable events? 
What would be the costs of disclosing the reportable events to the 
FCMs? Are there any negative

[[Page 67878]]

impacts of disclosing the reportable events?
     Are the reporting standards in proposed paragraphs (k) and 
(l) adequately detailed and objective so that an FCM can determine when 
there is a reportable event? If not, what standards should the 
Commission use to define a reportable event under paragraphs (k) and 
(l)?

D. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.15: Risk Assessment Reporting 
Requirement for Futures Commission Merchants

    Regulation 1.15 requires FCMs to submit certain risk assessment 
reports to the Commission. The risk assessment filings include FCM 
organizational charts; financial, operational, risk management 
policies, and systems maintained by the FCM; and fiscal year-end 
consolidated and consolidating financial information for the FCM and 
its highest level material affiliate.
    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.15(a)(4) to require 
each FCM that is subject to Sec.  1.15 to submit its risk assessment 
information to the Commission electronically in accordance with 
instructions issued by the Commission. The Commission intends for FCMs 
to file the risk assessment materials using the WinJammer electronic 
filing system. The Commission requests comments on its proposed 
amendments to Sec.  1.15.

E. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.16: Qualifications and Reports of 
Accountants

    Regulation 1.16 sets forth the qualifications a public accountant 
must possess in order to conduct audits of Commission registrants. 
Currently, a public accountant must be registered and in good standing 
under the laws of the place of the public accountant's principal office 
in order to conduct examinations of FCMs.
    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.16(b)(1) to require 
that the public accountant be registered with the Public Company 
Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') in addition to being in good 
standing with the relevant state licensing authorities. In addition, 
the public accountant must have undergone an examination by the PCAOB 
and any deficiencies noted during such examination must have been 
remediated to the satisfaction of the PCAOB. Regulation Sec.  
1.16(b)(4) also will impose an obligation on an FCM's governing body to 
ensure that a public accountant is qualified to perform an audit of the 
FCM by assessing the firm's experience in auditing FCMs, the firm's 
experience and knowledge of the Act and Commission regulations, and the 
depth and experience of the firm's auditing staff.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.16(c)(2) to 
require a public accountant to state in the audit opinion whether the 
audit was conducted in accordance with U.S. GAAS after full 
consideration of the auditing standards adopted by the PCAOB. 
Currently, all audits of the certified financial statements of FCMs 
must be performed under U.S. GAAS. However, as the Commission is now 
proposing that certified public accountants must be registered with the 
PCAOB, it is necessary to also require that the auditing standards 
promulgated by the PCAOB be considered and adhered to where applicable. 
PCAOB requires auditors opining on a public company financial 
statements to comply with all applicable auditing standards, including 
PCAOB standards; whereas U.S. GAAS is required for the audits of non-
public companies.
    In 2003, the PCAOB adopted existing U.S. GAAS as interim standards, 
subject to periodic revision as the PCAOB deemed necessary. Since that 
time, the PCAOB has issued its own auditing standards in areas of the 
audit in which differentiated audit procedures or reporting 
requirements have been considered necessary. These areas largely 
pertain to audits of internal control over financial reporting as well 
as reports on those controls, audit documentation and engagement 
quality review. Generally speaking, the most significant difference 
between U.S. GAAS and PCAOB standards relates to the auditor's testing 
of internal controls over financial reporting which are meant to cover 
the auditor's opinion on the Sarbanes-Oxley Act Section 404 report on 
internal controls. From a regulatory perspective, an auditor's focus on 
internal controls is critical to helping to ensure that material errors 
in financial or regulatory reporting are identified on a timely basis, 
and the PCAOB standards provide more focus on the auditing standards in 
this regard. It should also be noted that auditors of BDs are now 
required to register with the PCAOB and follow PCAOB standards; thus, 
any dually-registered FCM/BDs will already have to comply with this 
requirement.
    The proposed amendments to Sec. Sec.  1.16(b)(1) and (c)(2) are 
designed to reasonably ensure the quality and competence of public 
accountants that engage in the audits of FCMs. FCMs are sophisticated 
financial market participants that are subject to extensive regulation. 
In addition, the complexity of FCM audits is increased substantially 
when a firm is engaged in proprietary trading or dually-registered as 
an FCM/BD. Public accountants must be knowledgeable regarding the 
business operations, regulatory obligations and financial reporting 
requirements for FCMs, and the governing body of the FCM must ensure 
that the public accountant has the knowledge, experience, and resources 
to conduct the audits. Also, requiring the public accountant to be 
registered with PCAOB will ensure that the public accountant is subject 
to periodic reviews to assess its compliance with industry standards.
    While the Commission does not expect the proposed PCAOB 
registration requirement to have a material impact on FCMs, it 
recognizes that not all FCMs currently use CPAs that are registered 
with the PCAOB or CPAs that have been subject to an examination by the 
PCAOB. Currently, 111 of the 116 FCMs are examined by CPAs that are 
registered with the PCAOB. Also, 12 CPAs that are registered with the 
PCAOB have not yet been subject to a PCAOB examination. These 12 CPAs 
conduct examinations of 20 FCMs. Therefore, currently 25 of the 116 
FCMs would not satisfy the proposed requirement that only PCAOB-
registered CPAs that have been subject to at least one PCAOB review may 
be engaged to conduct an examination of the FCM's financial 
statements.\43\
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    \43\ The Commission further notes, however, that 7 of the 20 
FCMs are audited by a PCAOB-registered CPA that also conducts audits 
of BDs or public companies and, therefore, will be subject to PCAOB 
examination at a future date.
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    The Commission is proposing a technical amendment to Sec.  1.16 to 
revise the definition of the term ``customer.'' Regulation 1.16 details 
the standards that a public accountant must meet in conducting a 
financial examination of an FCM. Currently, Sec.  1.16(a)(4) defines 
the term ``customer'' to include futures customers, Cleared Swaps 
Customers, and foreign futures or foreign options customers. The 
Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.16(a)(4) to revise the 
definition of customer to replace the term ``foreign futures or foreign 
options customer'' with the term ``30.7 Customer'' to make the 
provision consistent with the amendments contained in Part 30 of the 
Commission's regulations.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend paragraph (f)(1)(i)(C) of 
Sec.  1.16 to provide that any filing of a notice of the extension of 
time to file the audited financial reports must be submitted by the FCM 
to the Commission using an electronic filing system. The Commission 
intends for FCMs to use the WinJammer electronic filing system.

[[Page 67879]]

    The Commission also is proposing to remove the requirement from 
Sec.  1.16(c)(1) that annual financial reports contain the manual 
signature of the public accountant. Under the proposed amendments to 
Sec.  1.10 discussed above, FCMs will be filing annual financial 
reports electronically, which will preclude the use of manual 
signature.
    The Commission requests comment on all aspects of proposed Sec.  
1.16. Specifically, the Commission request comment on the following:
     A purpose of the requirement that FCMs engage only CPAs 
that are registered with the PCAOB and have been reviewed by the PCAOB 
is to enhance the quality of the audit examination conducted by CPAs. 
Does the PCAOB registration and examination process enhance the quality 
of FCM audit engagements?
     Are there viable alternatives that the Commission should 
consider to enhance the quality of CPA FCM examinations in lieu of 
PCAOB registration and examination?
     Should the Commission consider allowing the non-PCAOB 
registered CPAs or PCAOB-registered CPAs that have not been subject to 
a PCAOB review to contractually engage for a peer review from a 
qualified CPA who is aware of the reason for the peer review as a 
short-term measure to allow the non-compliant CPAs to continue to 
conduct audits of FCMs?
     If the Commission adopts the PCAOB registration and 
examination requirement, how should the Commission implement the 
effective or compliance dates? What factors should the Commission 
consider in setting an effective date or compliance date for this 
provision?

F. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.17: Minimum Financial Requirements 
for Futures Commission Merchants and Introducing Brokers

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.17 by adding a new 
provision that will authorize the Commission to require an FCM to 
transfer its customer business and cease operating as an FCM if the FCM 
cannot immediately certify to the Commission, and demonstrate with 
verifiable evidence, that the FCM has sufficient access to liquidity to 
continue operating as a going concern. The Commission also is proposing 
to amend Sec.  1.17 to permit an FCM that is not a dually-registered 
FCM/BD to develop the framework proposed by the SEC, as set forth 
below, to establish, maintain and enforce written policies and 
procedures for determining creditworthiness, and upon a determination 
that a particular type of security has minimal credit risk, to apply 
lower deductions to such securities in computing the FCM's adjusted net 
capital.
    Section 4f(b) of the Act provides that no person may be registered 
as an FCM unless such person meets the minimum financial requirements 
that the Commission has established by regulation to ensure that an FCM 
meets its obligations at all times as an FCM to its customer and to 
market participants, including DCOs. The Commission's minimum capital 
requirements for FCMs are set forth in Sec.  1.17 and generally require 
an FCM to maintain adjusted net capital equal to or in excess of the 
greater of: $1 million; 8 percent of the risk maintenance margin 
required on customer and non-customer futures and options on futures 
positions carried by the FCM; \44\ the amount of adjusted net capital 
required by the NFA; or, for dual-registrants, the amount of net 
capital required by the SEC. The term ``adjusted net capital'' is 
generally defined as the FCM's net, liquid assets less all of the FCM's 
liabilities (except certain qualifying subordinated debt). In computing 
its adjusted net capital, an FCM is required to reduce the value of 
proprietary futures and securities positions included in its liquid 
assets by certain prescribed amounts or percentages of the market value 
(otherwise known as ``haircuts'') to discount for potential adverse 
market movements in the securities.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \44\ The term ``noncustomer'' is generally defined under Sec.  
1.17 as affiliates or management of an FCM.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Commission Regulation 1.17(a)(4) currently provides that an FCM 
must cease operating as an FCM and transfer its customers positions to 
another FCM if the FCM is not in compliance with the minimum capital 
requirements, or is unable to demonstrate its compliance with the 
minimum capital requirements. The FCM, however, can initiate customer 
trades for liquidation purposes only. Regulation 1.17(a)(4) further 
provides that the Commission or the FCM's DSRO may grant the FCM up to 
a maximum of 10 days to come back into compliance with the minimum 
capital requirements without having to cease operating as an FCM or 
transferring customer accounts.
    The Commission is proposing to add an additional clause to Sec.  
1.17(a)(4), which will specify that the Commission may request 
certification in writing from an FCM that it has sufficient liquidity 
to continue operating as a going concern, and that if such 
certification is not provided immediately or the FCM is not able to 
demonstrate its access to liquidity with verifiable evidence, the FCM 
must transfer all customer accounts and immediately cease doing 
business as an FCM. The proposed liquidity provision is intended to 
cover circumstances that require immediate attention. The proposal is 
not intended to provide a mechanism for the Commission to require FCMs 
to demonstrate that they are a going concern for an extended period of 
time into the future. Rather, the purpose of the proposal is to provide 
the Commission with a means of addressing exigent circumstances by 
requiring an FCM to produce a written analysis showing the sources and 
uses of funds over a short period of time not to exceed one week.
    The Commission believes this clause provides additional protection 
to customers in the event of an imminent liquidity drain on a 
registrant, which may not be immediately reflected in its accounting or 
regulatory capital business records. Market events or other external 
indicators may come to the attention of the Commission which suggest an 
FCM is under severe liquidity stress, which demonstrates that although 
the firm is still able to demonstrate compliance with required 
regulatory capital, conditions are such that it will not be able to 
meet liquidity requirements out a period of time not to exceed one 
week. This provision will allow the Commission to essentially require 
an FCM on demand to be able to certify its access to liquidity 
sufficient to continue operating as a going concern for a period not to 
exceed one week. The inability of the FCM to satisfy this requirement 
will allow the Commission to direct the FCM to transfer customer 
accounts and cease doing business as an FCM.
    The Commission believes the ability to certify, and if requested, 
demonstrate with verifiable evidence, sufficient liquidity to operate 
as a going concern to meet immediate financial obligations, is a 
minimum financial requirement necessary to ensure an FCM will continue 
to meet its obligations as a registrant as set forth under Sec.  
4(f)(b) of the Act. The certification required must satisfy the same 
oath or affirmation requirements as those required for the submission 
of monthly financial reports under Sec.  1.10(d)(4), to ensure that it 
is made by an appropriate individual and that it is in writing under 
oath of the individual that it is true and correct to the best 
knowledge and belief of such individual. If a registrant certifies to 
the Commission its access to liquidity, but is not able to demonstrate 
with sufficient evidence such liquidity (for example such evidence may 
include confirmations by third parties of access

[[Page 67880]]

to credit lines with available credit or of unrestricted cash balances 
available to meet projected short term cash requirements), the 
Commission believes it would be prudent to require the registrant to 
transfer customer accounts. Circumstances related to a liquidity drain 
could also result in a breakdown of management controls and result in 
an erroneous or false certification, and in such circumstances, the 
protection of customers must be paramount. The Commission requests 
comment on the proposed additional clause to Sec.  1.17(a)(4).
    Regulation 1.17 further requires an FCM to take a haircut against 
the value of securities the FCM holds as investments of customer funds 
under Sec.  1.25. A primary purpose of these haircuts is to provide a 
margin of safety against losses that might be incurred by the FCM as a 
result of market fluctuations in the prices of, or lack of liquidity 
in, the security positions.
    For futures positions, an FCM that is a member of the clearing 
organization where the positions are cleared is required to take a 
haircut equal to the margin required by the clearing organization on 
such futures positions.\45\ For securities positions, Sec.  1.17 
incorporates by reference the securities haircuts that a BD is required 
to take in computing its net capital under the SEC's regulations.\46\ 
The structure of the Commission's net capital rule referring to the 
SEC's net capital rule is a result of the Commission's determination to 
defer to the SEC in areas of its expertise, specifically with respect 
to market risk and appropriate haircuts on securities positions.\47\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \45\ See Sec.  1.17(c)(5)(x)(A).
    \46\ Commission Regulations 1.17(c)(5)(v) and 1.32(b) both 
incorporate 17 CFR 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) by reference.
    \47\ See 43 FR 15072 (Apr. 10, 1978) at 15077 and 43 FR 39956 
(Sept. 8, 1978) at 39963.
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    The SEC capital rule currently applies a general or ``default'' 
haircut of 15 percent of the market value of commercial paper, 
convertible debt instruments, and nonconvertible debt instruments if 
the securities are readily marketable, and 100 percent of the market 
value if the securities are not readily marketable. The SEC capital 
rule also provides for a lower haircut for commercial paper, 
convertible debt instruments, and nonconvertible debt instruments if 
the securities are rated in higher rating categories by at least two 
nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (``NRSROs''). To 
receive the benefit of a reduced haircut on commercial paper, the 
commercial paper must be rated in one of the three highest rating 
categories by at least two NRSROs. To receive the benefit of a reduced 
haircut on a nonconvertible debt security or a convertible debt 
security, the security must be rated in one of the four highest rating 
categories by at least two NRSROs.
    The SEC has proposed rule amendments to implement the Dodd-Frank 
Act requirement to remove references to credit ratings in its 
regulations and substitute a standard for creditworthiness deemed 
appropriate, including a proposed amendment to its net capital rule for 
BDs at 17 CFR 240.15c3-1.\48\ Under the SEC proposal, a BD may impose 
the default haircuts of 15 percent of the market value of readily 
marketable commercial paper, convertible debt, and nonconvertible debt 
instruments or 100 percent of the market value of nonmarketable 
commercial paper, convertible debt, and nonconvertible debt 
instruments. A BD, however, may impose lower haircut percentages for 
commercial paper, convertible debt, and nonconvertible debt instruments 
that are readily marketable, if the BD determines that the investments 
have only a minimal amount of credit risk pursuant to its written 
policies and procedures designed to assess the credit and liquidity 
risks applicable to a security.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \48\ See 76 FR 26550 (May 6, 2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Under the SEC proposal, the BD's written policies and procedures 
may assess a security's credit risk using the following factors, to the 
extent appropriate, instead of exclusively relying on NRSROs ratings:
     Credit spreads (i.e., whether it is possible to 
demonstrate that a position in commercial paper, nonconvertible debt, 
and preferred stock is subject to a minimal amount of credit risk based 
on the spread between the security's yield and the yield of Treasury or 
other securities, or based on credit default swap spreads that 
reference the security);
     Securities-related research (i.e., whether providers of 
securities-related research believe the issuer of the security will be 
able to meet its financial commitments, generally, or specifically, 
with respect to securities held by the broker-dealer);
     Internal or external credit risk assessments (i.e., 
whether credit assessments developed internally by the broker-dealer or 
externally by a credit rating agency, irrespective of its status as an 
NRSRO, express a view as to the credit risk associated with a 
particular security);
     Default statistics (i.e., whether providers of credit 
information relating to securities express a view that specific 
securities have a probability of default consistent with other 
securities with a minimal amount of credit risk);
     Inclusion on an index (i.e., whether a security, or issuer 
of the security, is included as a component of a recognized index of 
instruments that are subject to a minimal amount of credit risk);
     Priorities and enhancements (i.e., the extent to which a 
security is covered by credit enhancements, such as 
overcollateralization and reserve accounts, or has priority under 
applicable bankruptcy or creditors' rights provisions);
     Price, yield and/or volume (i.e., whether the price and 
yield of a security or a credit default swap that references the 
security are consistent with other securities that the broker-dealer 
has determined are subject to a minimal amount of credit risk and 
whether the price resulted from active trading); and
     Asset class-specific factors (e.g., in the case of 
structured finance products, the quality of the underlying assets).
    A BD that maintains written policies and procedures and determines 
that the credit risk of a security is minimal is permitted under the 
SEC proposal to apply the lesser haircut requirement currently 
specified in the SEC capital rule for commercial paper (i.e., between 
zero and [frac12] of 1 percent), nonconvertible debt (i.e., between 2 
percent and 9 percent), and preferred stock (i.e., 10 percent).
    For FCMs that are dually-registered as BDs, any changes adopted by 
the SEC to these securities haircuts will be applicable under Sec.  
1.17(c)(5)(v) unless the Commission specifically provides an alternate 
treatment for FCMs.\49\ However, FCMs that are not dual registrants 
would be required to take the default haircuts of 15 percent for 
readily marketable securities. The Commission does not believe that it 
is appropriate to exclude standalone FCMs from using an internal 
process to assess the credit risk of certain securities. Therefore, the 
Commission's proposed amendment to Sec.  1.17(c)(v) will permit an FCM 
that is not a BD to develop the framework proposed by the SEC to 
establish, maintain and enforce written policies and procedures for 
determining creditworthiness, and upon a determination that a 
particular type of security has minimal credit risk, to apply lower 
deductions to such

[[Page 67881]]

securities. An FCM will be required to maintain its written policies 
and procedures in accordance with the general recordkeeping 
requirements of Sec.  1.31, and the implementation of the policies and 
procedures will be subject to review by the FCM's DSRO. An FCM that 
elects to develop written policies and procedures will be subject to 
review by its DSRO.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \49\ See discussion adopting Sec.  1.17(c)(5)(vi) for options 
haircuts at 43 FR 39956 at 39964, with respect to the applicability 
of provisions incorporating by reference and referring to the rules 
of the SEC for securities broker dealers also registered as futures 
commission merchants.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Regulation 1.17 also requires an FCM to reduce its capital (i.e., 
take a capital charge) for customer, noncustomer, and omnibus accounts 
that are undermargined for more than a specified period of time. 
Regulation 1.17(c)(5)(viii) requires an FCM to take a capital charge if 
a customer account is undermargined for three business days after the 
margin call is issued. The capital charge is equal to the amount of 
funds necessary to restore the account to the initial margin 
requirement.
    Regulation 1.17(c)(5)(ix) requires an FCM to take a capital charge 
for noncustomer and omnibus accounts that are undermargined for two 
business days after the margin call is issued. The capital requirement 
for undermargined noncustomer and omnibus accounts is the amount of 
funds necessary to restore the account to the maintenance margin level.
    For purposes of these Commission regulations, a margin call is 
presumed to be issued by the FCM the day after an account becomes 
undermargined. Thus, if a customer's account is undermargined at the 
close of business on Monday, the FCM will issue a margin call on 
Tuesday, and the regulation requires the FCM to take an undermargined 
capital charge at the close of business on Friday if the margin call is 
not met. For noncustomer and omnibus accounts that were undermargined 
at the close of business on Monday, the FCM would take a capital charge 
as of the close of business on Thursday.
    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec. Sec.  1.17(c)(5)(viii) 
and (ix) to require an FCM to take capital charges for undermargined 
customer, noncustomer, and omnibus account that are undermargined for 
more than one business day after a margin call is issued. Therefore, an 
FCM will impose a capital charge as of the close of business on 
Wednesday for any customer, noncustomer, or omnibus account that did 
not fully satisfy a margin call that is issued by the FCM on Tuesday 
for an account that was undermargined as of the close of business on 
Monday.
    The timely collection of margin is a critical component of an FCM's 
risk management program and is intended to ensure that an FCM holds 
sufficient funds deposited by account owners to meet potential 
obligations to a DCO. As guarantor of the financial performance of the 
customer, noncustomer, and omnibus accounts that it carries, the FCM is 
financially responsible if the owner of an account cannot meet its 
margin obligations to the FCM and ultimately to a DCO. The timeframe 
for meeting margin calls currently provided in Sec. Sec.  
1.17(c)(5)(viii) and (ix) may have been appropriate when the capital 
rules were adopted in the 1970s when the use of checks and the mail 
system were more prevalent for depositing margin with an FCM. The 
Commission believes, however, that in today's markets, with the 
increasing use of technology, 24-hour-a-day trading, and the use of 
wire transfers to meet margin obligations, that the timeframe for 
taking a capital charge should be reduced both to incentivize FCMs to 
exercise prudent risk management and to strengthen the financial 
protection of FCMs, their customers, and the clearing systems by 
requiring the FCMs to reserve capital for undermargined customer, 
noncustomer, and omnibus accounts that fail to meet a margin call on a 
timely basis.
    The Commission also is proposing, as discussed in Section II.I 
below, to require an FCM to maintain a residual interest in customer 
segregated accounts in an amount sufficient to cover all customer 
accounts that are undermargined as of the close of business on the 
previous trading day, thereby ensuring that residual interest in 
customer segregated accounts exceeds the sum of outstanding margin 
calls for customers, and that the funds of one customer are not used to 
margin or guarantee the positions of another customer. The FCM may only 
maintain as residual interest cash and assets that qualify as permitted 
investments under Sec.  1.25. Margin deficits will be calculated as 
enough to restore the customer's account equity to the maintenance 
margin requirement on the account.
    The Commission also is proposing technical amendments to certain 
definitions in Sec.  1.17 to reflect proposed changes discussed in 
Section II.R below concerning the Sec.  30.7 secured amount 
calculation. The Sec.  1.17(b)(2) and (7) definitions of the terms 
``customer'' and ``customer account'' are being proposed to be amended, 
the first to include ``30.7 Customer'' (which is a new definition being 
proposed in Sec.  30.1 to include foreign domiciled persons) and the 
second to remove surplus language due to the revised definition of 
``customer.''
    The Commission requests comment on the proposed amendments to Sec.  
1.17. Specifically, the Commission requests comment on the following:
     Does the proposed amendment to require an FCM to certify 
that it has sufficient liquidity to operate as a going concern provide 
a sufficient and objective standard for FCMs to assess whether they are 
in compliance with the provision? Are there alternative standards or 
approaches that the Commission should consider to meet its objective of 
ensuring that an FCM has sufficient liquidity to meet its pending 
short-term obligations so that customer funds would not be put at risk 
in the event of the insolvency of the FCM?
     Should the Commission consider alternative timeframes for 
the imposition of a capital charge for undermargined accounts?

G. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.20: Futures Customer Funds To Be 
Segregated and Separately Accounted for

    The Commission is proposing to reorganize the structure of Sec.  
1.20 by providing additional paragraph subdivisions to the existing 
specific requirements, applying headings to the regulation to assist in 
the reading and understanding of the regulation. The Commission also is 
proposing to add new provisions designed to enhance the protection of 
customer funds.
    Regulation 1.20 implements the provisions of section 4d(a)(2) of 
the Act, which provides, in relevant part, that an FCM must: (1) 
Separately account for all futures customer funds and segregate such 
funds as belonging to its futures customers; (2) not commingle futures 
customer funds with the FCM's proprietary funds; (3) not use the funds 
of one futures customer to margin or extend credit to any person other 
than to the futures customer that deposited the funds; and (4) deposit 
futures customer funds in any bank, trust company or DCO.
    Paragraph (a) of Sec.  1.20 sets forth the general principle under 
section 4d(a)(2) of the Act by requiring an FCM to separately account 
for all futures customer funds and to segregate such funds from the 
FCM's proprietary funds by depositing them under an account name that 
clearly shows that the funds are futures customer funds and segregated 
as required by the Act. Paragraph (g)(1) applies the same general 
principle to futures customer funds received by a DCO from its members.
    Paragraph (a) also requires each FCM to perform appropriate due 
diligence on all depositories in accordance with its risk management 
policies and procedures required under proposed

[[Page 67882]]

Sec.  1.11 to ensure that the depositories holding customer funds are 
financially sound. The FCM must annually update its due diligence.
    Paragraph (a) of Sec.  1.20 also provides that an FCM must be in 
compliance with its segregation obligations at all times. It is not 
sufficient for an FCM to be in compliance at the end of a business day, 
but to fail to meet its segregation obligations on an intra-day basis. 
If an FCM was not in compliance with the segregation requirements on an 
intra-day basis that would necessarily mean that the FCM was using the 
funds of one customer to margin positions of another customer or to 
cover losses of another customer.
    Paragraph (b) of Sec.  1.20 lists the permitted depositories for 
futures customer funds as any bank, trust company, derivatives clearing 
organization, or another FCM. These permitted depositories are listed 
in existing Sec.  1.20 and the Commission is not proposing to amend the 
list. Proposed paragraph (g)(2) lists the permitted depositories for 
futures funds received by a DCO as any bank or trust company, and 
clarifies that the term ``bank'' includes a Federal Reserve Bank. This 
proposed amendment implements section 806(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act, 
which provides that a Federal Reserve Bank may establish and maintain a 
deposit account for a ``financial market utility'' (in the present 
case, a DCO) that has been designated as systemically important.
    Paragraph (c) provides that an FCM may hold futures customer funds 
in depositories outside of the United States only in accordance with 
the current provisions of Sec.  1.49. Paragraph (g)(3) sets forth the 
same limitation for a DCO. Regulation 1.49 currently permits an FCM or 
DCO to hold futures customer funds in certain foreign depositories 
provided that the FCM or DCO holds sufficient funds in the United 
States to meet its U.S. dollar-denominated obligations to futures 
customers. Regulation 1.49 also requires specific futures customer 
authorization for an FCM or DCO to hold futures customer funds in 
certain foreign jurisdictions. The Commission is not proposing to amend 
Sec.  1.49 as part of this rulemaking.
    Proposed Sec.  1.20(e) prohibits an FCM from commingling futures 
customer funds with the FCM's proprietary funds, and prohibits the FCM 
from commingling funds deposited by futures customers with funds 
deposited by 30.7 Customers or Cleared Swaps Customers. Regulation 
1.20(e), however, does permit an FCM to commingle the funds of multiple 
futures customers in a single account or accounts for operational 
convenience. Similarly, proposed Sec.  1.20(g)(5) prohibits a DCO from 
commingling futures customer funds with the DCO's proprietary funds or 
with any proprietary account of any of its clearing members, and 
prohibits the DCO from commingling funds held for futures customers 
with funds deposited by clearing members on behalf of their Cleared 
Swaps Customers. DCOs would be permitted to commingle the funds of 
multiple futures customers in a single account or accounts for 
operational convenience.
    Proposed Sec.  1.20(f) restricts an FCM's use of customer funds. An 
FCM is prohibited from using one futures customer's funds to margin or 
secure another futures customer's positions. An FCM also is prohibited 
from using a futures customer's funds to extend credit to any other 
person. The FCM also may obligate futures customers' funds to a DCO or 
another FCM solely to purchase, margin, or guarantee futures and 
options positions of futures customers.
    The Commission is proposing a new paragraph (h) which states that 
all futures customer funds deposited with a bank or trust company must 
be available for immediate withdrawal upon demand by the FCM or DCO. 
Paragraph (h) codifies a long-standing interpretation of the 
Commission's Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight and 
predecessor divisions derived from an administration determination by 
the Commission's predecessor, the Commodity Exchange Authority of the 
U.S. Department of Agriculture.\50\ The requirement, as proposed, is a 
practical necessity to the effective functioning of FCMs and futures 
markets. Should a depository have the ability to delay an FCM from 
withdrawing customer funds, the FCM may not be able to meet margin 
obligations to DCOs, or requests by futures customers for access to 
their funds. In addition, an inability of an FCM to have immediate 
access to the futures customer funds that it holds may adversely impact 
the transfer of futures customers positions in the event of the FCM's 
insolvency.\51\
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    \50\ See Administrative Determination No. 29 of the Commodity 
Exchange Administration dated Sept. 28, 1937 stating, ``the deposit, 
by a futures commission merchant, of customers' funds * * * under 
conditions whereby such funds would not be subject to withdrawal 
upon demand would be repugnant to the spirit and purpose of the 
Commodity Exchange Act. All funds deposited in a bank should in all 
cases by subject to withdrawal on demand.''
    \51\ In the case of the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers, for 
example, immediate access to customer funds allowed the commodity 
customer accounts to be effectively transferred to Barclays over the 
weekend of September 20-21, 2008, immediately following the 
commencement of the liquidation of the firm. This transfer was 
authorized in the hours immediately following the commencement of 
Lehman's liquidation, and was implemented in the hours immediately 
thereafter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     The Commission is proposing a new paragraph (i), which 
mirrors what was recently adopted in Part 22 for Cleared Swaps 
Customers, by providing more detail implementing the Net Liquidating 
Equity Method of calculating segregation requirements. In addition, 
because a customer may have Net Liquidating Equity (i.e., a credit 
balance) in his or her account, requiring segregation of his or her 
funds, and still be undermargined relative to open positions, proposed 
paragraph (i) requires an FCM to record in the accounts of its futures 
customers the amount of margin required for such customers' open 
positions, and to calculate margin deficits for each such customer. 
Moreover, the Commission is proposing to require that an FCM maintain 
residual interest in segregated accounts in an amount that exceeds the 
sum of all futures customers' margin deficits. A margin deficit occurs 
when the value of the futures customer funds for a futures customer's 
account is less than the total amount of collateral required by DCOs 
for that account's contracts. Currently, the Commission requires FCMs 
to hold sufficient funds in segregated futures customer accounts to 
ensure that those accounts do not become undersegregated. Proposed new 
paragraph (i) will affirmatively require an FCM to maintain enough 
funds in the futures customer accounts to cover all margin deficits as 
well as to ensure that the accounts are not undersegregated. The 
Commission requests comments on all aspects of proposed new Sec.  
1.20(i), including the costs and benefits of this proposed regulation. 
The Commission specifically requests comment on the following:
     Will this proposal serve to increase the protections to 
customer funds in the event of an FCM bankruptcy?
     To what extent would this proposal increase costs to FCMs 
and/or futures customers?
     To what extent would this proposal benefit futures 
customers and/or FCMs?
     To what extent would this proposal increase or mitigate 
market risk?
     To what extent would this proposal lead to FCMs requiring 
customers to provide margin for their trades before placing them?
     To what extent is this likely to lead to a re-allocation 
of costs from customers with excess margin to undermargined customers?
     For purposes of margin deficit calculations, should the 
Commission

[[Page 67883]]

address issues surrounding the timing of when an FCM must have 
sufficient funds in the futures customer account to cover all margin 
deficits? If so, how should the Commission address such issues?
    In addition to the foregoing, the Commission also is proposing to 
revise requirements regarding the written acknowledgment letter that an 
FCM or DCO is required to obtain from a depository holding futures 
customer funds. Regulation 1.20 currently requires an FCM or DCO to 
obtain a written acknowledgment from each depository, unless the 
depository is a DCO that has rules approved by the Commission providing 
for the segregation of customer funds. The written acknowledgment must 
state that the depository was informed that the futures customer funds 
deposited belong to futures customers and are being held in accordance 
with the provisions of the Act and Commission regulations.
    The Commission previously proposed amendments to the acknowledgment 
letter regulations. On February 20, 2009, the Commission published 
proposed amendments to Sec. Sec.  1.20, 1.26, and 30.7 for public 
comment (the ``Original Proposal'').\52\ The Original Proposal set out 
specific representations that would have been required to be included 
in all acknowledgment letters in order to reaffirm and to clarify the 
obligations that depositories incur when accepting customer funds or 
secured amount funds.\53\
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    \52\ 74 FR 7838 (February 20, 2009).
    \53\ The Commission notes that both the current and proposed 
definition of ``customer funds'' in Regulation 1.3(gg) do not 
include ``secured amount funds'' as defined in Regulation 30.7 
(i.e., funds deposited by foreign futures or foreign options 
customers). See 76 FR 33066, 33085 (June 7, 2011). However, as used 
in this notice, unless otherwise specified, the term ``customer 
funds'' is meant to include secured amount funds. The regulations 
adopted by this notice are also being amended to use the term 
``customer'' as newly proposed (i.e., in this rulemaking the 
Commission is deleting references to ``commodity or option 
customers''. As necessary, the Commission distinguishes between the 
two types of funds in this notice by referring to ``customer 
segregated funds'' and ``customer secured amount funds.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In light of the comments on the Original Proposal, the Commission 
determined to re-propose the amendments with several changes made in 
response to comments (the ``Revised Proposal'').\54\ As part of the 
Revised Proposal, the Commission proposed the required use of standard 
template acknowledgment letters which were included as Appendix A to 
each of Sec.  1.20 and 1.26, and Appendix E to Part 30 of the 
Commission's regulations (referred to herein as the ``Template 
Letters'' or ``Acknowledgment Letters'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \54\ 75 FR 47738 (Aug. 9, 2010).
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    The Commission received nine comment letters on the Revised 
Proposal.\55\ In general, the commenters were supportive of the 
Commission's Revised Proposal and, in particular, were very supportive 
of requiring the use of Template Letters. It was noted by certain 
commenters that use of a standard template will simplify the process of 
obtaining an Acknowledgment Letter.\56\ In addition, it was noted by 
commenters that uniformity of Acknowledgment Letters will provide 
consistency and legal certainty across the commodities and banking 
industries.\57\
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    \55\ Letters were submitted by: Hunton & Williams on behalf of 
the Working Group of Commercial Energy Firms (``Energy Working 
Group''); International Derivatives Clearinghouse LLC (``IDCH''); 
Futures Industry Association (``FIA''); Harris, N.A. (``Harris''); 
Katten Muchin Rosenman LLP (``Katten''); CME Group Inc. (``CME''); 
The Minneapolis Grain Exchange (``MGEX''); JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. 
(``JP Morgan''); and The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Financial 
Markets Group (``FRB Chicago'').
    \56\ See MGEX CL-00007 at 1; FIA CL-00003 at 2; Harris CL-00004 
at 1.
    \57\ See MGEX CL-00007 at 1; CME CL-00006 at 2; FRB Chicago CL-
00010 at 1.
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    The Commission is proposing revised amendments to the 
Acknowledgment Letters in this release to address several issues that 
have arisen as a result of the recent MF Global and Peregrine failures 
and the adverse impact on customers that had funds on deposit with 
these FCMs. The additional amendments are discussed below. The 
Commission also has revised the Acknowledgment Letters to address 
comments to the Revised Proposal. These revisions are discussed 
immediately below.
1. Obligation To Obtain New Acknowledgment Letters
    Under the Revised Proposal, an FCM or DCO would be required to 
obtain a new Acknowledgment Letter within 60 days of changes in the 
name of any party to the Acknowledgment Letter or changes to the 
account number(s) under which customer funds are held. FIA stated that 
it is unduly burdensome to require the parties to execute a new 
Acknowledgment Letter in the event of a party changing its name within 
60 days of the event.\58\ FIA recommended instead including ``binding 
effect'' language in the Template Letters to ensure parties remain 
subject to the applicable provisions.\59\ If the Commission determines 
to adopt the amendment requirement, FIA requested that the time period 
be extended from 60 to 120 days because a change in name often occurs 
in the context of a merger or acquisition in which case the relevant 
party will be in the process of amending numerous agreements and 
related documentation.
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    \58\ FIA CL-00003 at page 2.
    \59\ FIA suggests, for example, the following language: ``The 
terms of this letter shall remain binding upon the parties, their 
successors and assigns, including for the avoidance of doubt, 
regardless of the change in name of any party.'' FIA CL-00003 at 
page 2.
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    The Commission has determined to add to the Template Letter the 
``binding effect'' language as proposed by FIA, as this language will 
ensure the continued applicability of the Acknowledgment Letter in the 
event of a name change to the parties. The Commission, however, is 
proposing to require that FCMs and DCOs file new Acknowledgment Letters 
in the event of a name, address, or other change as specified in the 
proposed rule because the Commission believes it is important to 
maintain current and accurate Acknowledgment Letters to provide clear 
legal status of the customer account, which will better protect 
customers in the event of a dispute regarding the legal status of the 
account. The Commission is proposing a 120-day time period for an FCM 
to obtain new Acknowledgment Letters. Given the use of the Template 
Letter, which is not open to negotiation, and electronic filing, the 
Commission believes that 120 days is a sufficient period of time for 
FCMs and DCOs to obtain and file the new Acknowledgment Letters.
2. Technical Amendments to Acknowledgment Letter for Omnibus Accounts; 
Abbreviation of Account Names
    Regulation 1.20 provides that customer funds, when deposited with a 
depository, ``shall be deposited under an account name that clearly 
identifies them as such and shows that they are segregated as required 
by the Act and [Part 1 of the CFTC Regulations].'' FIA noted that the 
account naming convention used in the proposed forms of Template 
Letters \60\ may present certain issues with respect to Acknowledgment 
Letters obtained by FCMs maintaining customer funds with

[[Page 67884]]

another FCM through a customer omnibus account relationship.\61\ The 
first issue is with respect to operational limits on the number of 
characters available for account names. Secondly, naming conventions 
for such accounts typically include the words ``Customer Omnibus 
Account'' and the relevant account number. FIA accordingly requested 
the Commission to clarify that the Template Letters may be modified to 
permit the use of the words ``CFTC Regulated FCM Customer Omnibus 
Account'' to describe such accounts.
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    \60\ Proposed Appendix A to Regulation 1.20 provides that the 
Account will be entitled ``[Name of Futures Commission Merchant or 
Derivatives Clearing Organization] CFTC Regulation 1.20 Customer 
Segregated Account.'' 75 FR 47738, 47743 (Aug. 9, 2010); Proposed 
Appendix A to Regulation 1.26 provides that the Account will be 
entitled ``[Name of Futures Commission Merchant or Derivatives 
Clearing Organization] CFTC Regulation 1.26 Customer Segregated 
Money Market Mutual Fund Account.'' 75 FR 47738, 47744 (Aug. 9, 
2010); and Proposed Appendix E to part 30 provides that the Account 
will be entitled ``[Name of Futures Commission Merchant] CFTC 
Regulation 30.7 Customer Secured Account.'' 75 FR 47738, 47745 (Aug. 
9, 2010).
    \61\ FIA CL-00003 at 4 and 5.
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    The Commission has modified the proposed Template Letters to 
provide an option to add the words ``CFTC Regulated FCM Customer 
Omnibus Account'' to describe such accounts when applicable. In 
addition, the Commission is proposing that if the name of the account 
as set forth in the Template Letter is too long for a depository's 
system to include all characters, the depository may abbreviate the 
name in order to accommodate its system, provided that (i) it remains 
clear that the account is a CFTC regulated segregated/secured account 
held for the benefit of customers (e.g., ``segregated'' may be 
shortened to ``seg;'' ``customer'' may be shortened to ``cust;'' 
``account'' to ``acct;'' etc.), and (ii) when completing an 
Acknowledgment Letter, such letter must include both the long and short 
versions of the account name.
3. Clarification Regarding Notice, Authentication, and Instruction 
Protocol for Commission Authorized Withdrawals
    Four of the commenters to the Revised Proposal addressed the need 
for the Commission to establish specific standards with respect to the 
notice, authentication and instruction protocol regarding Commission 
instructions for the immediate release of funds from a Customer 
Account.\62\
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    \62\ In the Revised Proposal, the Template Letter provides that 
``the Funds in the Account(s) shall be released immediately, * * * 
upon proper notice and instruction from an appropriate officer or 
employee * * * of the CFTC. [FCM/DCO] will not hold [depository] 
responsible for acting pursuant to any instruction from the CFTC 
upon which [depository] has relied after having taken reasonable 
measures to assure that such instruction was provided to 
[depository] by a duly authorized officer or employee of the CFTC.''
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    The FRB Chicago pointed out that, as the Acknowledgment Letters 
will have been filed electronically with the Commission, the Commission 
will know all of the Depositories that have signed such letters, their 
location, and basic contact information. In light of this, the FRB 
Chicago suggests that the Commission could establish for each 
depository a basic but unique authentication identifier. The Commission 
believes this suggestion has merit, and it will consider implementing 
this type of data collection and identification as it works to 
implement the operational aspects of the electronic filing of 
Acknowledgment Letters.
    JP Morgan suggests that the Acknowledgment Letter include a notice 
provision with contact information for the depository so that the 
Commission has information on how best to contact the depository. The 
Commission agrees with this suggestion and has revised the Template 
Letters to indicate where depository contact information may be 
inserted as optional information. The Commission recognizes that such 
information may be subject to frequent change and, therefore, at this 
time, the Commission is not requiring that an amended Acknowledgment 
Letter be filed in the event there are changes to such contact 
information.
    Katten asserts that Depositories face legal uncertainty with 
respect to their release of customer funds in reliance on instructions 
from the Commission. Katten states that the Commission's reluctance to 
define ``proper notice'' or ``reasonable measures'' imposes on 
Depositories the conflicting obligations (i) to the Commission, to 
release customer funds ``immediately upon proper notice,'' and (ii) to 
its customer FCM, to take ``reasonable measures'' first to assure that 
such notice was ``duly authorized.''
    With respect to due authorization, Katten requests that the 
Commission reconsider its decision to permit an instruction to transfer 
customer funds to be made orally, with written confirmation to follow. 
Katten believes that the depository's obligation to take ``reasonable 
measures'' may require it to await written confirmation in any event. 
In addition, Katten believes that the proposed amendments to Sec. Sec.  
1.20, 1.26, 30.7 and 140.91 do not limit the identity of the Commission 
officers and employees that may issue a notice to a depository or the 
process that must be followed before such a notice is issued. Katten 
submits that a depository would have a reasonable basis to conclude 
that an instruction to transfer customer funds was duly authorized if 
the depository could be assured that any instruction to transfer 
customer funds would be issued only by the Director of the Division of 
Clearing and Intermediary Oversight (or the Director's designee).\63\ 
Katten recommends that ``the Commission revise the proposed rules to 
confirm that any such instruction may be made only by the Commission or 
by the director of DCIO (or the director's designee) acting with the 
concurrence of the General Counsel (or Deputy General Counsel).'' \64\ 
FIA requests, at a minimum, that the Commission define and limit the 
term ``appropriate officer or employee'' of the Commission (for 
example, authorization limited to Division Directors or other senior 
designated personnel such as Deputy Directors or Associate 
Directors).\65\
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    \63\ In October 2011, the Commission reorganized the Division of 
Clearing and Intermediary Oversight into two divisions, the Division 
of Clearing and Risk and the Division of Swap Dealer and 
Intermediary Oversight. With respect to a transfer of customer funds 
as contemplated in this rulemaking, instructions would come from 
either the Director of the Director of the Division of Clearing and 
Risk or the Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary 
Oversight (or one of the Director's designees).
    \64\ See Katten CL-00005 at FN 3.
    \65\ FIA CL-00003 at page 3.
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    With respect to a ``duly authorized officer or employee of the 
CFTC,'' the Commission has determined to provide that any such 
instruction to transfer customer funds may be made by the Director of 
the Division of Clearing and Risk (or the Director's designee), or by 
the Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight 
(or the Director's designee). Accordingly, the Template Letter now 
specifies that such instructions may only be given by the Director of 
the Division of Clearing and Risk (or any successor division), the 
Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight (or 
any successor division), or the designees of such Directors under 
delegated authority.\66\ With regard to the role of the General 
Counsel, the General Counsel will be consulted by the Director of the 
Division of Clearing and Risk (or any successor division), the Director 
of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight (or any 
successor division), or the designees of such Directors prior to the 
exercise of the delegated authority.
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    \66\ The Commission will publish on its Web site the identity of 
the Director of the Division of Clearing and Risk, the Director of 
the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight, and the 
individual(s) who are authorized to serve as their designees. The 
Template Letters do not explicitly refer to instructions provided by 
``the Commission'' because in exigent circumstances, it is not 
likely that action approved by a majority of Commissioners will be 
feasible.
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    The Commission does not believe, as asserted by Katten, that 
``reasonable measures'' may require the depository to await written 
confirmation. For example, due to the nature of the

[[Page 67885]]

exceptional circumstances that would prompt a call from the Commission, 
it is likely that the depository would already be aware of certain 
problems facing the FCM or DCO and would not be surprised to receive a 
phone call from a Division Director (or his or her designee). In 
addition, while the Commission believes it is desirable that any such 
instruction to release customer funds be in writing, or, if oral, to be 
confirmed in writing, the Commission is not limiting the manner of 
notice in the Template Letter given the potential exigencies of the 
situation and the need for flexibility in communication. For example, 
either the Commission or the depository could be experiencing 
unexpected technical problems in its respective email servers or 
facsimile machines. It is critical that the transfer of customer funds 
from a Segregated Account not be delayed as a result of technical or 
other operational issues.
    With respect to the release of customer funds ``immediately upon 
proper notice,'' Katten commented that it appreciates the Commission's 
recognition of the potential practical obstacles to immediate release 
(e.g., Fedwire is unavailable). However, Katten remains concerned that, 
in the absence of further guidance or clarification, the use of the 
term ``immediately'' may subject a depository to potential claims by 
either FCMs or the Commission in the event that there is a delay in the 
transfer of customer funds, even if such delay is the result of 
reasonable actions on the part of the depository or events beyond the 
control of the depository. In addition, FIA commented that it would 
like the Commission to confirm that its authority to require the 
transfer of customer funds would be expected to be used sparingly 
(i.e., ``only in exceptional circumstances'').
    After considering these comments, the Commission is proposing to 
retain the use of the word ``immediately'' in the Template Letter 
regarding instructions to a depository for release of customer funds. 
First, in response to FIA's comment, the Commission clarifies that the 
use of its authority to require the immediate release of customer funds 
would be in exceptional circumstances. As stated in the Revised 
Proposal, ``[t]he Commission would issue such an instruction only when, 
in the judgment of the Commission, it is necessary to do so for the 
protection of customer funds. For example, the prospective insolvency 
of the FCM could prompt an instruction from the Commission to release 
the customer funds.'' \67\ Next, the Commission notes that anything 
less than the term ``immediate'' could leave the timing open to 
interpretation, which could cause delays in the transfer of funds and 
have a potential impact on safety and soundness of customer funds and 
positions. In this regard, the Commission notes that customer funds in 
the Segregated Account have always been subject to withdrawal 
immediately upon demand by the FCM.\68\
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    \67\ 75 FR 47738, 47740. The Revised Proposal also noted that, 
as set forth in the Template Letter, in the event the FCM becomes 
subject to a voluntary or involuntary petition for relief under the 
U.S. Bankruptcy Code, the depository will have no obligation to 
release the customer funds except upon instruction from the 
bankruptcy trustee or pursuant to a court order. Id.
    \68\ See Amended Financial and Segregation Interpretation No. 
10, 70 FR 24768 (May 11, 2005) (``Thus any impediments or 
restrictions on the FCM's ability to obtain immediate and unfettered 
access to customer funds are not permitted. The immediate and 
unfettered access requirements is [sic] intended to prevent 
potential delay or interruption in securing required margin payments 
that, in times of significant market disruption, could magnify the 
impact of such market disruption and impair the liquidity of other 
FCMs and clearinghouses.'')
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4. Limiting the ``Merger'' Clause in the Acknowledgment Letter
    CME believes that the use of an integration clause (i.e., the 
statement that the Acknowledgment Letter ``constitutes the entire 
understanding of the parties with respect to its subject matter'') in 
the Template Letters is inappropriate and could have a number of 
serious and unintended consequences. For example, the parties to the 
Acknowledgment Letter could be prevented from relying upon and 
enforcing terms of applicable account (or similar) agreements that do 
not conflict with the Acknowledgment Letter. CME believes the term 
``subject matter'' is ambiguous and could be interpreted very broadly 
thereby casting doubt on the validity and interpretation of existing 
agreements between the parties. The CME suggests the following more 
narrowly tailored language for the integration clause in the Template 
Letters: ``This letter agreement supersedes and replaces any prior 
agreement between the parties in connection with the Account(s), 
including but not limited to any prior Acknowledgment Letter, to the 
extent that such prior agreement is inconsistent with the terms 
hereof.''
    FIA agrees with the CME's comment that the scope of the ``merger 
clause'' in the Template Letters should be narrowed to make clear that 
these clauses do not invalidate the terms of other agreements that may 
have been entered into by the parties and that do not conflict with the 
Template Letters. The FRB Chicago also believes that this provision 
should be narrowed so that a bank's standard account opening 
agreements, corporate resolutions and other agreements incorporated by 
reference should govern the remainder of the account relationship, but 
not matters specific to section 4d of the Act. Should there be a 
conflict, the Acknowledgment Letter should govern matters specific to 
section 4d of the Act.
    The Commission agrees with the commenters that the scope of the 
``merger clause'' language in the Template Letter \69\ should be 
narrowed. Accordingly, the Commission is replacing the clause with 
CME's suggested language above. In addition, in order to incorporate 
the comment of the FRB Chicago and to ensure that future agreements 
between the parties do not negate the Acknowledgment Letter, the 
Commission is adding the following sentence to the end of the new 
language: ``In the event of any conflict between this letter agreement 
and any other agreement between the parties in connection with the 
Account(s), this letter agreement shall govern with respect to matters 
specific to section 4d of the Act and the CFTC's regulations, as 
amended.''
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    \69\ The merger clause language in the Revised Proposal's 
Template Letter reads as follows: ``This letter agreement 
constitutes the entire understanding of the parties with respect to 
its subject matter and supersedes and replaces all prior writings, 
including any applicable agreement between the parties in connection 
with the Account(s), with respect thereto.''
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5. New Proposed Amendments to Acknowledgment Letters
    The Commission is also now proposing under Appendix A to Sec.  1.26 
and Appendix F to Sec.  30.7 an additional acknowledgment letter 
template form for money market mutual funds (to the extent they are 
permissible investments under Sec.  1.25). The template form for money 
market mutual funds is substantially the same as the Acknowledgment 
Letters. The Commission requests comment on all aspects of the template 
form.
    In addition, the Commission is proposing to add language to its 
proposed Acknowledgment Letters (under Sec.  1.20, Sec.  1.26 and Sec.  
30.7) authorizing and requiring the depository to grant--at all times--
read-only electronic access to such accounts to the Commission and, in 
the case of an FCM, to the FCM's DSRO. Given recent events, the 
Commission believes such access is crucial to the protection of 
customer funds. The Commission is also proposing a substantive 
requirement for

[[Page 67886]]

this access in Sec. Sec.  1.20, 1.26 and 30.7 in addition to the 
language in the Acknowledgment Letters.
    The proposal for read-only access is not intended to require a 
depository to have the ability to provide the Commission or an FCM's 
DSRO with real-time information regarding an FCM's account balance. The 
Commission understands that depositories may not have the capability to 
provide customers or any other party with real-time account balances 
and position information. The conditions of the proposal would be 
satisfied if the depository had the capability to provide read-only 
access to account information as of the close of the prior business 
day.
    The Commission intends to continue to explore possible uses of 
technology to enhance its ability to protect customer funds. Read-only 
access will allow Commission staff to review an FCM's segregated 
account balances reported by depositories and to compare those balances 
to the FCM's reported account balances either as part of a review of 
the firm, or in circumstances where the Commission is concerned about 
the financial condition of the firm. The read-only access is an 
additional tool that Commission staff may use as part of its assessment 
of the financial condition of an FCM and the safety of customer funds. 
The Commission will continue to review how direct access to account 
balances and the use of technology can provide greater assurance as to 
the safety of customer funds held by an FCM.
    The Commission requests comment on all aspects of the proposed 
amendments to Sec.  1.20. Specifically, the Commission requests comment 
on the following:
     The proposal requires each depository to provide the 
Commission and an FCM's DSRO with direct, read-only access to the FCM's 
accounts held by the depository. What technology issues are raised by 
the Commission's proposal? How can the Commission adequately address 
such technology issues?
     What account information can depositories currently 
provide to the Commission and to DSROs via the internet on a read-only 
basis? Do all depositories (e.g., banks, trust companies, derivatives 
clearing organizations, or other FCMs) have the capability of using the 
Internet to provide account access to the Commission and DSROs? Are 
there other options for depositories to provide read-only access to FCM 
accounts other than the internet?
     How should the Commission implement this requirement? What 
timeframe would be appropriate to make the requirement effective? 
Please provide analysis with your comment.

H. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.22: Use of Futures Customer Funds

    The Commission proposes to amend Sec.  1.22 by clarifying that the 
prohibition on the FCM's use of one futures customer's funds to margin 
or secure the positions of another futures customer, or to extend 
credit to another person, applies at all times.
    Regulation 1.22 provides that an FCM may not use the cash, 
securities or other property deposited by one futures customer to 
purchase, margin or settle the trades, contracts, or other positions of 
another futures customer, or to extend credit to any other person. 
Regulation 1.22 further provides that an FCM may not use the funds 
deposited by a futures customer to carry trades or positions, unless 
the trades or positions are traded through a designated contract 
market.
    The proposed amendment to clarify that the prohibition on the FCM's 
use of one futures customer's funds to margin positions of another 
futures customer is intended to remove any question as to the 
permissibility of being undersegregated at any point in time during the 
day. Section 4d(a)(2) requires an FCM to segregate futures customers' 
funds from its own funds, and prohibits an FCM from using the funds of 
one customer to margin or extend credit to any other futures customer 
or person. The Commission believes that section 4d(a)(2) is intended to 
provide a maximum level of protection to futures customer funds, which 
would be thwarted and inconsistent with the reading of the Act if an 
FCM only recognized this principle at the end of the trading day. 
Further, the Commission is proposing language providing a clear 
mechanism to ensure compliance with this prohibition, which is to 
require an FCM to maintain residual interest in segregated accounts in 
an amount which exceeds the sum of all margin deficits for futures 
customers. The Commission also is proposing that the sum of all margin 
deficits be reported on the Segregation Schedule (as discussed 
previously with respect to proposed amendments to Sec.  1.10) and also 
required to be reported on the daily segregation calculation (as 
discussed further herein with respect to proposed amendments to Sec.  
1.32), so that compliance review of this mechanism can be performed.

I. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.23: Interest of Futures Commission 
Merchant in Segregated Futures Customer Funds; Additions and 
Withdrawals

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.23 to require 
additional safeguards with respect to an FCM withdrawing futures 
customer funds from segregated accounts that are part of the FCM's 
residual interest in such accounts.
    Regulation 1.23 provides that an FCM may deposit unencumbered 
proprietary funds, including securities that qualify as permitted 
investments under Sec.  1.25, into segregated futures customer accounts 
in order to ensure that the firm always maintains sufficient funds in 
such accounts to meet its total obligations to futures customers. FCMs, 
by virtue of practical necessity, must keep proprietary funds in 
segregated futures customer accounts in order to act as a buffer 
between futures customers whose funds are commingled in such accounts. 
In the event that any futures customer were to experience losses such 
that the customer has insufficient funds to meet the margin 
requirements at clearing organizations associated with its positions, 
or if all of the funds deposited by the futures customer were depleted 
and the account had a debit balance, without proprietary funds of the 
FCMs being held in such accounts to absorb the debit balance as it 
accrued, funds of other futures customers would be used to guarantee 
the undermargined amount or the debit. For this reason, FCMs are 
permitted to deposit their own funds into segregated accounts and to 
maintain a residual financial interest in such accounts. Regulation 
1.23 further provides that an FCM's books and records must always 
reflect the firm's residual interest in the accounts of its futures 
customers.
    In addition, an FCM is permitted to withdraw funds from futures 
customer accounts for the FCM's proprietary use to the extent of the 
FCM's actual residual interest in such accounts. The withdrawal, 
however, may not result in the FCM failing to hold sufficient funds to 
meet its obligations to its futures customers, or in the funds of one 
futures customer margining or securing the positions of another futures 
customer. The Commission also is proposing that the residual amount 
maintained by an FCM be required to exceed the sum of margin deficits 
for futures customers, as discussed previously with respect to 
Sec. Sec.  1.20 and 1.22, to provide a clear mechanism to ensure that 
the funds of one futures customer are not used to margin or guarantee 
the positions of

[[Page 67887]]

another futures customer. Irrespective of the procedures permitting 
withdrawals of residual interest under the amendments proposed, the 
proposed amendments further make clear that no withdrawals may be made 
of residual interest to the extent of the sum of margin deficits.
    If an FCM does not have adequate internal controls governing the 
calculation and withdrawal of its residual interest from futures 
customer accounts, the FCM's actions may actually result in the 
withdrawal of futures customer funds and not the FCM's residual 
interest. Such a withdrawal would be a violation of section 4d(a)(2) of 
the Act.
    The Commission, therefore, is proposing to amend Sec.  1.23 to 
include additional safeguards applicable to an FCM's withdrawal of 
funds from the accounts of futures customers that are part of the FCM's 
residual interest in such accounts. Under proposed Sec.  1.23(a), an 
FCM will still have access to its own funds deposited into futures 
customer accounts to the extent of the FCM's residual interest therein, 
subject to the restriction on withdrawal of residual interest equal to 
the sum of margin deficits. However, proposed Sec.  1.23(b) will 
prohibit an FCM from withdrawing any of its residual interest or excess 
funds from futures customer accounts (any withdrawal not made for the 
benefit of futures customers would be considered a withdrawal of the 
FCM's residual interest) on any given business day unless the FCM had 
completed the daily calculation of funds in segregation pursuant to 
Sec.  1.32 as of the close of the previous business day, and the 
calculation showed that the FCM maintained excess segregated funds in 
the futures customer accounts as of the close of business on the 
previous business day. Proposed Sec.  1.23(b) further requires that the 
FCM adjust the excess segregated funds reported on the daily 
segregation calculation to reflect other factors, such as overnight and 
current day market activity and the extent of current customer 
undermargined or debit balances, to develop a reasonable basis to 
estimate the amount of excess funds that remain on deposit since the 
close of business on the previous day prior to initiating a withdrawal.
    The Commission also is proposing several additional required layers 
of authorization and documentation if the withdrawal exceeds, 
individually or in the aggregate with other such withdrawals, 25 
percent of the FCM's residual interest. Proposed Sec.  1.23(c) 
prohibits an FCM from withdrawing more than 25 percent of its residual 
interest in futures customer accounts unless the FCM's CEO, CFO, or 
other senior official that is listed as a principal on the firm's Form 
7-R registration statement and is knowledgeable about the FCM's 
financial requirements (``Financial Principal'') pre-approves the 
withdrawal in writing.
    Regulation 1.23(c) will further require the FCM to immediately file 
a written notice with the Commission and with the firm's DSRO of any 
withdrawal that exceeds 25 percent of its residual interest. The 
written notice must be signed by the CEO, CFO, or Financial Principal 
that pre-approved the withdrawal, specifying the amount of the 
withdrawal, its purpose, its recipient(s), and contain an estimate of 
the residual interest after the withdrawal. The written notice also 
must contain a representation from the person that pre-approved the 
withdrawal that to such person's knowledge and reasonable belief, the 
FCM remains in compliance with its segregation obligations. The 
proposal further requires that the official in making this 
representation specifically consider any other factors that may cause a 
material change in the FCM's residual interest since the close of 
business on the previous business day, including known unsecured 
futures customer debits or deficits, current day market activity, and 
any other withdrawals. The written notice would be required to be filed 
with the Commission and with the FCM's DSRO electronically.
    Proposed Sec.  1.23(d) requires an FCM that has withdrawn funds 
from segregated futures customer accounts for its own purposes, and 
such withdrawal causes the firm to fall below its targeted residual 
interest in such accounts, to deposit proprietary funds into the 
accounts to restore the residual interest balance to the targeted 
amount. The FCM must deposit the proprietary funds into the segregated 
account prior to the close of the next business day. Alternatively, the 
FCM may revise its targeted residual interest amount, if appropriate, 
in accordance with its written policies and procedures for 
establishing, documenting, and maintaining its target residual 
interest, in accordance with the requirements of proposed Sec.  1.11. 
Should an FCM's residual interest, however, be exceeded by the sum of 
the FCM's futures customers' margin deficits, an amount necessary to 
restore residual interest to that sum must be deposited immediately.
    The Commission's proposal is consistent in most respects with NFA's 
recent rule amendments that require FCMs to maintain written policies 
and procedures regarding the withdrawal of proprietary funds from 
futures customers' segregated accounts discussed in Section I.D above. 
The proposal will continue to provide FCMs with flexibility to access 
the residual interest in segregated funds, but with the responsibility 
to ensure that any withdrawals of residual interest are, in fact, the 
firm's own funds. This responsibility exists currently by virtue of the 
language of section 4d(a)(2) of the Act and Sec.  1.23, however the 
processes necessary to ensure that the responsibility was carried out 
were not specified by regulation.
    By providing a prohibition on withdrawals until the segregation 
calculation is performed by the FCM and submitted to the Commission and 
to the DSRO, and further requiring written approvals by the FCM's 
senior officials prior to any withdrawals in excess of 25 percent of 
the prior day's residual interest with notice to the Commission and a 
DSRO, any withdrawal of funds in excess of the residual interest will 
be clear violations of proposed Sec.  1.23, and the responsibility for 
such violations will be clear from written pre-approvals made by the 
CEO, CFO or Financial Principal, or the lack thereof.

J. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.25: Investment of Customer Funds

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.25(b)(3)(v) to provide 
that the 25-percent counterparty concentration limit for reverse 
repurchase agreements applies not only to a single counterparty, but to 
all counterparties under common control or ownership. The Commission 
also is proposing to delete paragraph (b)(6) of Sec.  1.25 because the 
information that an FCM is required to record and maintain under 
paragraph (b)(6) is currently required by Sec.  1.27. Further, the 
Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.25(d) to clarify the 
conditions under which an FCM may deposit firm-owned securities into 
segregation.
    Regulation 1.25 sets forth the financial investments that an FCM or 
DCO may make with customer funds. As one of the permitted investments, 
FCMs and DCOs may use customer funds to purchase securities from a 
counterparty under an agreement for the resale of the securities back 
to the counterparty (``reverse repurchase agreements''). Regulation 
1.25 places conditions on such repurchase or reverse repurchase 
agreements, including limiting permitted counterparties to certain 
banks and government securities brokers or dealers, and prohibiting an 
FCM or DCO from entering into such

[[Page 67888]]

agreements with affiliate. Regulation 1.25(b)(3)(v) also imposes a 
counterparty concentration limit on reverse repurchase agreements that 
prohibits an FCM or DCO from purchasing securities from a single 
counterparty that exceeds 25 percent of the total assets held in 
segregation by the FCM or DCO.
    Under the proposed amendment to Sec.  1.25(b)(3)(v), an FCM or DCO 
must aggregate the value of the securities purchased from two or more 
different counterparties under repurchase agreements if the 
counterparties are under common control or ownership. The aggregate 
value of the securities purchased under the repurchase agreements from 
the counterparties must not exceed 25 percent of the total assets held 
in segregation by the FCM or DCO. The Commission believes that 
expanding the concentration limitation to counterparties under common 
control or ownership is consistent with the original intention of the 
concentration limitation, which was to minimize the potential losses or 
disruptions due to the default of a counterparty. If the counterparties 
are under common control or ownership, a default by one counterparty 
may adversely impact all of the counterparties.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.25 by deleting 
paragraph (b)(6), which requires an FCM or DCO to prepare a record, on 
a daily basis, detailing the type of instruments in which customer 
funds were invested, the original costs of the investments, and the 
current market value of the investments. As noted above, the 
information that an FCM is required to record and maintain under 
paragraph (b)(6) is currently required by Sec.  1.27.
    Finally, the Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.25(d)(7) to 
recognize that a DCO designated as systemically important (``SIDCO'') 
by the Financial Stability Oversight Council may keep securities 
transferred to the SIDCO under a repurchase or reverse repurchase 
agreement in a safekeeping account with a Federal Reserve Bank, as 
authorized by section 806 of the Dodd-Frank Act.

K. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.26: Deposit of Obligations Purchased 
With Futures Customer Funds

    As discussed above, the Commission has previously proposed to amend 
Sec.  1.26 along with Sec.  1.20 to require a template form of 
Acknowledgment Letter--in addition to other substantive requirements 
and obtaining and filing such Acknowledgment Letters--with respect to 
the deposit of instruments purchased with customer funds, including 
money market mutual funds. As discussed earlier with respect to Sec.  
1.20, the Commission received and analyzed comments on those proposals.
    As noted above, the Commission is herein proposing changes to the 
template Acknowledgment Letter set forth in Appendix A to Sec.  1.26 
for money market mutual funds, which incorporate revisions based on the 
Commission's analysis of prior comments, and is proposing new additions 
to such template. The Commission is also proposing new substantive 
requirements applicable to obtaining and filing such written 
Acknowledgment Letters. A new substantive requirement under Sec.  1.26, 
as proposed to be amended and included in the template form, is a 
requirement that depositories provide the Commission and, and in the 
case of an FCM, the FCM's DSRO--at all times--with read-only electronic 
access to all FCM and DCO accounts holding customer funds.

L. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.29: Increment or Interest Resulting 
From Investment of Customer Funds

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.29 to explicitly 
provide that an FCM bears sole responsibility for any losses resulting 
from the investment of customer funds in financial instruments 
permitted under Sec.  1.25.
    Regulation 1.29 provides that an FCM is not prohibited from keeping 
as its own any interest or other gain resulting from the investment of 
customer funds in financial instruments permitted under Sec.  1.25. 
Regulation 1.25 also provides that an FCM must manage the permitted 
investments consistent with the objectives of preserving principal and 
maintaining liquidity.
    The proposed amendment clarifies that an FCM is solely responsible 
for any losses that result from the investment of customer funds in the 
financial instruments listed under Sec.  1.25. An FCM may not charge or 
otherwise allocate any such losses to the accounts of the FCM's 
customers. To allocate losses on the investment of customer funds would 
result in the use of customer funds in a manner that is not consistent 
with section 4d(a)(2) and Sec.  1.20, which provides that customer fund 
can only be used for the benefit of futures customers and limits 
withdrawals from futures customer accounts, other than for the purpose 
of engaging in trading, to certain commissions, brokerage, interest, 
taxes, storage or other fees or charges lawfully accruing in connection 
with futures trading.
    The Commission requests comment on the proposed amendment to 
explicitly provide that losses resulting from the investment of 
customer funds may not be allocated by an FCM to customers. The 
Commission also requests comment on how any losses associated with bank 
deposits should be addressed. The Commodity Exchange Authority issued 
an Administrative Determination (``AD'') in 1971 that provides that an 
FCM may not be liable for losses resulting from the deposit of customer 
funds with a bank that subsequently closes or is unable to repay the 
FCM's deposit.\70\ The AD provides that an FCM would not be liable if 
it had used due care in selecting the bank, had not otherwise breached 
its fiduciary responsibilities toward the customers, and had fully 
complied with the requirements of the Act and the Commission 
regulations relating to the handling of customers' funds. The 
Commission requests comment on whether the regulations should be 
revised to impose an obligation on an FCM to repay customer funds in 
the event of a default by a bank holding customer funds. Should there 
be a distinction drawn between U.S.-domiciled and regulated banks and 
non-U.S.-domiciled banks?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \70\ Liability of Futures Commission Merchants and Clearing 
Associations, Administrative Determination No. 230 (Nov. 23, 1971).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

M. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.30: Loans by Futures Commission 
Merchants: Treatment of Proceeds

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.30 to provide that an 
FCM may not loan funds to finance a customer's trading account on an 
unsecured basis, or accept as collateral for the loan the customer's 
trading account.
    Regulation 1.30 provides that Commission regulations do not prevent 
an FCM from lending its own funds to a customer that has pledged 
securities and property, or from repledging or selling the customer's 
securities or property pursuant to specific written agreement of the 
customer. This provision generally allows customers to deposit non-cash 
collateral as initial and variation margin. Absent the provisions in 
Sec.  1.30, an FCM may be required to liquidate the non-cash collateral 
if the customer was subject to an initial or variation margin call.
    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.30 to prohibit an FCM 
from loaning funds to finance a customer's trading account on an 
unsecured basis, or from accepting a customer's trading account as 
collateral for the loan. The Commission believes that extending 
unsecured loans to customers is not a

[[Page 67889]]

common occurrence as the current capital requirements in Sec.  1.17 
would require the FCM to take a 100 percent capital charge on the 
unsecured receivables from the customers associated with such loans. 
Commission staff has, however, had to provide its views on whether a 
customer trading account may be used to collateralize a loan from the 
FCM.
    A trading account does not qualify as readily marketable securities 
that are generally required to collateralize a loan for the FCM to 
avoid the 100 percent unsecured receivable capital charge.\71\ Rules of 
the CME also prohibit an FCM from providing unsecured financing to a 
customer for margin purposes.\72\ The Commission is proposing to 
explicitly prohibit unsecured lending by FCMs to customers in the 
proposed amendments in Sec.  1.30. Should customers have liquidity 
needs sufficient to require unsecured lending, the Commission believes 
it to be prudent to require that such unsecured lending be done by a 
party other than the FCM carrying the customer account. This newly 
proposed prohibition comports with the Commission's existing regulatory 
requirement contained in Sec.  1.56 that provides that no FCM may 
represent that it will not call for or attempt to collect initial and 
maintenance margin as established by the rules of the applicable board 
of trade.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \71\ Regulation 1.17(c)(3).
    \72\ CME Rule 930.G.--Loans to Account Holders--provides that 
clearing members may not make loans to account holders to satisfy 
their performance bond requirements unless such loans are secured by 
readily marketable collateral that is otherwise unencumbered and 
which can be readily converted into cash.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

N. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.32: Segregated Account: Daily 
Computation and Record

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.32 to require 
additional safeguards with respect to futures customer funds on deposit 
in segregated accounts, and to require FCMs to provide twice each month 
a detailed listing to the Commission of depositories holding customer 
funds.
    Regulation 1.32 requires an FCM to prepare a daily record as of the 
close of business each day detailing the amount of funds the firm holds 
in segregated accounts for futures customers trading on designated 
contract markets, the amount of the firm's total obligation to such 
customers computed under the Net Liquidating Equity Method, and the 
amount of the FCM's residual interest in the futures customer 
segregated accounts. In addition, the daily record must detail the sum 
of the futures customers' margin deficits, to ensure that residual 
interest equals or exceeds such sum. In performing the calculation, an 
FCM is permitted to offset any futures customer's debit balance by the 
market value (less haircuts) of any readily marketable securities 
deposited by the particular customer with the debit balance as margin 
for the account. The amount of the securities haircuts are as set forth 
in SEC Rule 15c3-1(c)(vi).
    FCMs are required to perform the segregation calculation prior to 
noon on the next business day, and to retain a record of the 
calculation in accordance with Sec.  1.31. Both the CME and NFA require 
their respective member FCMs to file the segregation calculations with 
the CME and NFA, as appropriate, each business day. FCMs, however, are 
only required to file a segregation calculation with the Commission at 
month end as part of the Form 1-FR-FCM (or FOCUS Reports for dual-
registrant FCM/BDs). Regulation 1.12, as discussed in Section II.C 
above, requires the FCM to provide immediate notice to the Commission 
and to the firm's DSRO if the FCM is undersegregated at any time.
    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.32 to require each FCM 
to file its segregation calculation with the Commission and with its 
DSRO each business day. The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  
1.32 to require FCMs to use the Segregation Schedule contained in the 
Form 1-FR-FCM (or FOCUS Report for dual-registrant FCM/BDs) to document 
its daily segregation calculation.
    As noted above, the CME and NFA require their respective member 
FCMs to file their segregation calculations with them on a daily basis. 
The CME and NFA also require the FCMs to document their segregation 
calculation using the Segregation Schedule contained in the Form 1-FR-
FCM. Therefore, the additional requirement of filing a Segregation 
Schedule with the Commission is not a material change to the 
regulation.\73\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \73\ In fact, since FCMs file the Segregation Schedules with the 
CME and NFA via WinJammer, the Commission already has access to the 
filings, and the amendment will not require an FCM to change any of 
its operating procedures.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission believes that the filing of a Segregation Schedule 
by each FCM each day will significantly enhance its ability to monitor 
and protect customer funds. Commission staff will be able to determine 
almost immediately upon receipt of the Segregation Schedule whether a 
firm is undersegregated and immediately take steps to determine if the 
firm is experiencing financial difficulty or if customer funds are at 
risk.\74\ Commission staff also can coordinate the review of the daily 
segregation computations with the additional bank and other depository 
information that it will have access to under proposed Sec.  1.23.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \74\ Each Form 1-FR-FCM and FOCUS Report is received by the 
Commission via WinJammer. The financial forms are automatically 
electronically reviewed within several minutes of being received by 
the Commission and if a firm is undersegregated an alert is 
immediately issued to Commission staff members via an email notice.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the use of the Segregation Schedule provides a uniform 
way for each FCM to present its information to the Commission, in a 
format that both the Commission and FCMs are familiar with that will 
reduce significantly the possibility of a miscommunication regarding 
the information that is reported. The standardized Segregation Schedule 
will also facilitate the Commission's ability to compare one FCM to 
another, and to perform additional trend and other analysis to identify 
potential issues with the holding of customer funds. The filing of 
daily segregation records also will allow staff to monitor significant 
movements in the balances of segregated funds on a day-to-day basis.
    Proposed Sec.  1.32(d) provides that the Segregation Statement must 
be filed with the Commission and with the FCM's DSRO electronically 
using a form of user authentication assigned in accordance with 
procedures established or approved by the Commission. The Commission is 
not proposing to change the timeframe for the preparation of the 
Segregation Statements. The Segregation Statement must be filed by noon 
(based upon the location of the FCM) the next business day.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.32(b) to provide 
that in determining the haircuts for commercial paper, convertible debt 
instruments, and nonconvertible debt instruments deposited by customers 
as margin, the FCM may develop written policies and procedures to 
assess the credit risk of the securities as proposed by the SEC and 
discussed more fully in Section II.F above. If the FCM's assessment of 
the credit risk is that it is minimal, the FCM may apply haircut 
percentages that are lower than the 15 percent default percentage under 
SEC Rule 15c3-1(c)(2)(vi).
    The Commission is further proposing to amend Sec.  1.32 by 
requiring each FCM to file detailed information regarding depositories 
and the substance of the investment of customer funds under Sec.  1.25. 
Proposed paragraphs (f) and (j) of Sec.  1.32 will require each FCM to 
submit

[[Page 67890]]

to the Commission and to the firm's DSRO a listing of every bank, trust 
company, DCO, other FCM, or other depository or custodian holding 
customer funds.
    The listing must specify separately for each depository the total 
amount of cash and Sec.  1.25 permitted investments held by the 
depository for the benefit of the FCM's customers. Specifically, each 
FCM must list the total amount of cash, United States government 
securities, United States agency obligations, municipal securities, 
certificates of deposit, money market mutual funds, commercial paper, 
and corporate notes held by each depository, computed at current market 
values. The listing also must specify: (1) If any of the depositories 
are affiliated with the FCM; (2) if any of the securities are held 
pursuant to an agreement to resell the securities to a counterparty 
(reverse repurchase agreement) and if so, how much; and (3) the 
depositories holding customer-owned securities and the total amount of 
customer-owned securities held by each of the depositories. The FCM is 
also required to disclose if any of the depositories are affiliated 
with the FCM.
    Each FCM is required to submit the listing of the detailed 
investments to the Commission and to the firm's DSRO twice each month. 
The filings must be made as of the 15th day of each month (or the next 
business day, if the 15th day of the month is not a business day) and 
the last business day of the month. The filings are due to the 
Commission and to the firm's DSRO by 11:59 p.m. on the next business 
day.
    Proposed paragraph (k) of Sec.  1.32 will require each FCM to 
retain the Segregation Statement prepared each business day and the 
detailed investment information, together with all supporting 
documentation, in accordance with Sec.  1.31.
    The Commission's proposal is similar to existing SRO practices and 
rules. The CME and NFA recently adopted rules requiring member FCMs to 
submit detailed information on how they invest customer funds and the 
depositories holding customer funds. The information required to be 
filed by FCMs with the CME and NFA is consistent with the information 
that FCMs are required to file with the Commission and DSROs under the 
proposed amendments to Sec.  1.32, with the exception that the current 
CME rule does not require member FCMs to submit information regarding 
the holding of customer-owned securities. The proposed timeframes for 
both preparing and filing both the Segregation Statements and the 
detailed investment information are consistent between the SRO rules 
and proposed Sec.  1.32.
    The Commission also notes that NFA will be publishing information 
on its Web site regarding how each FCM invests and holds customer 
funds. Commission staff is consulting with NFA and is assessing whether 
NFA should be the primary method for the public to obtain information 
on how FCMs hold and invest customer funds.
    The twice monthly filing of information on the investment of 
customer funds will provide the Commission and SROs with more timely 
detailed information regarding how FCMs are holding and investing 
customer funds, which will allow the Commission and SROs to more 
closely monitor customer funds to assess their safety. In this regard, 
the reporting of the use of depositories that are affiliated with the 
FCM will alert staff to review such relationships more closely to 
ensure that transactions are done in an appropriate arms-length manner 
and not to the benefit of the affiliated depository. Staff also can 
compare reported the reported investment balances with information 
maintained directly by the depositories using the on-line access that 
the depositories will be required to provide to Commission staff under 
Sec.  1.20 discussed above.
    The Commission request comment on all aspects of the proposed 
amendments to Sec.  1.32. Specifically, the Commission requests 
comments on the following:
     Should the Commission amend the regulations to require 
each FCM to disclose information regarding its investments of customer 
funds? If so, what information should be disclosed? What investment 
information would be of the most benefit to market participants in 
assessing whether to entrust funds to a particular FCM? How would the 
investment information be used by market participants?
     How frequently should investment information be disclosed? 
What format should be used to disclose the information? How should the 
information be disclosed? Should the information be posted on the FCM's 
internet web site?
     Should NFA act as the primary source for the disclosure of 
how FCMs hold and invest customer funds?

O. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.52: Self-Regulatory Organization 
Adoption and Surveillance of Minimum Financial Requirements

    SROs are required by the Act and Commission regulations to monitor 
their member FCMs for compliance with the Commission's and SROs' 
minimum financial and related reporting requirements. Specifically, DCM 
Core Principle 11 provides, in relevant part, that a board of trade 
shall establish and enforce rules providing for the financial integrity 
of any member FCM and the protection of customer funds.\75\ In 
addition, section 17 of the Act requires NFA to establish minimum 
capital, segregation, and other financial requirements applicable to 
its member FCMs, and to audit and to enforce compliance with such 
requirements.\76\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \75\ 7 U.S.C. 7(d)(11).
    \76\ 7 U.S.C. 21(p).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission also has established in Sec.  1.52 minimum elements 
that each SRO financial surveillance program must contain to satisfy 
the statutory objectives of Core Principle 11 and section 17 of the 
Act. In this regard, Sec.  1.52 requires, in part, each SRO to adopt 
and to submit for Commission approval rules prescribing minimum 
financial and related reporting requirements for member FCMs. The rules 
of the SRO also must be the same as, or more stringent than, the 
Commission's requirements for financial statement reporting under Sec.  
1.10 and minimum net capital under Sec.  1.17.
    In addition, the Commission adopted final amendments to Sec.  1.52 
on May 10, 2012, to codify previously issued CFTC staff guidance 
regarding the minimum elements of an SRO financial surveillance 
program.\77\ The final amendments require an SRO to: (1) Maintain staff 
of an adequate size, training, experience, and independence to 
effectively implement a supervisory program; (2) maintain a program 
that provides for the ongoing surveillance of FCMs through review of 
financial statements and regulatory notices; (3) identify firms that 
pose a high degree of potential risk, including risk to customer funds; 
(4) conduct routine, periodic onsite examinations of FCMs; and (5) 
adequately document all aspects of the operation of the supervisory 
program, including the conduct of risk-based scope setting and the 
risk-based surveillance of high-risk member registrants, and the 
imposition of remedial and punitive actions for material violations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \77\ 77 FR 36611 (June 19, 2012).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In order to effectively and efficiently allocate SRO resources over 
FCMs that are members of more than one SRO, Sec.  1.52(c) currently 
permits two or more SROs to enter into an agreement to establish a 
joint audit plan for purpose of assigning to one of the SROs (the DSRO) 
of the joint audit plan the function of monitoring and examining member 
FCMs for compliance with

[[Page 67891]]

certain regulatory and financial reporting obligations. The audit plan 
must be submitted to the Commission for approval. The Commission may 
approve a joint audit plan, or part of such a plan, after notice and 
comment if the Commission determines that the plan: (1) Is necessary or 
appropriate to serve the public interest; (2) is for the protection and 
in the interest of customers; (3) reduces multiple monitoring and 
auditing for compliance with the minimum financial requirements; (4) 
reduces multiple reporting of financial information; (5) fosters 
cooperation and coordination; and (6) does not hinder the development 
of a registered futures association. Currently all active SROs are 
members of a joint audit plan that was approved by the Commission on 
March 18, 2009.\78\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \78\ The original signatories of the joint audit plan approved 
on March 18, 2009 are as follows: Board of Trade of the City of 
Chicago, Inc.; Board of Trade of Kansas City; CBOE Futures Exchange, 
LLC; Chicago Climate Futures Exchange, LLC; Chicago Mercantile 
Exchange Inc.; Commodity Exchange, Inc; ELX Futures, L.P.; 
HedgeStreet, Inc.; ICE Futures U.S., Inc.; INET Futures Exchange, 
L.L.C.; Minneapolis Grain Exchange; NASDAQ OMX Futures Exchange; 
National Futures Association; New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; 
NYSE Liffe US, L.L.C.; OneChicago, L.L.C.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission is proposing additional amendments to Sec.  1.52 in 
light of recent events that highlight a need for strengthening the 
minimum requirements that SROs must abide by in conducting financial 
surveillance to minimize the chances that FCMs that engage in unlawful 
activities that result, or could result, in the loss of customer funds 
or the inability of the firms to meet their financial obligations to 
market participants, including DCOs, go undetected. The proposed 
amendments to Sec.  1.52 revise the current supervisory program 
required to be established and implemented by SROs pursuant to existing 
Sec.  1.52(b) with respect to their FCM members. In addition, for SROs 
that choose to delegate their duties to oversee and examine FCMs that 
are members of two or more SROs to a DSRO pursuant to a plan 
established under existing Sec.  1.52(c) in lieu of each conducting its 
own oversight and examinations of such common FCM members, proposed 
Sec.  1.52 provides that the plan adopt certain requirements to assure 
the quality of the DSRO oversight and examinations conducted under the 
plan, both as to the substance of the oversight and examination program 
and the application of such program.
    Proposed Sec.  1.52(b) requires each SRO to adopt rules requiring 
its member FCMs to establish a risk management program that is at least 
as stringent as the risk management program required in proposed Sec.  
1.11. Proposed Sec.  1.11 is discussed in Section II.B above, and 
requires an FCM to establish a risk management program designed to 
monitor and manage risks associated with the activities of the FCM.
    Proposed Sec.  1.52 does not make significant changes to the 
existing SRO supervisory programs with respect to the oversight and 
examination of retail foreign exchange dealer and IB member 
registrants. However, with respect to the oversight and examination of 
FCMs, proposed Sec.  1.52 requires an SRO to adopt significant new 
requirements in its supervisory program. The supervisory program for 
FCMs will now explicitly require, among other things, controls testing 
as well as substantive testing, and the examination process for each 
FCM must be driven by the risk profile of each such FCM. In addition, 
the supervisory program must conform to U.S. GAAS after giving full 
consideration to those auditing standards as prescribed by the PCAOB. 
The supervisory program also must contain written standards addressing 
numerous aspects of the examination process over FCMs as provided in 
proposed Sec.  1.52(c)(2)(iii), including the examination of the risk 
assessment process, the examination of the planning process, and the 
quality control procedures to ensure that the examinations maintain the 
level of quality expected by the SRO.
    The Commission believes that an examination of an FCM must include 
a review and assessment of the firm's internal controls in order to 
identify where there may be potential weaknesses and to properly gauge 
the risks associated with such weaknesses including their potential 
impact on the financial condition of the firm and the protection of 
customer funds.
    The SRO also must engage an ``examinations expert'' under Sec.  
1.52(c)(2) to review its supervisory program and the application of the 
supervisory program at least once every two years. The term 
``examinations expert'' is proposed to be defined under Sec.  1.52(a) 
as a nationally recognized accounting and auditing firm with 
substantial expertise in audits of FCMs, risk assessment and internal 
control reviews, and is someone acceptable to the Commission. The 
Commission is proposing to delegate to the Director of the Division of 
Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight the responsibility of assessing 
whether a particular entity is qualified and approved as an 
examinations expert to review the SRO's supervisory program
    The review will require the examinations expert to assess the 
sufficiency of the SRO's risk-based approach and the internal controls 
testing and also whether the supervisory program is being appropriately 
applied by the SRO in its examinations of its member FCMs. In addition, 
the review will require that the examinations expert provide an opinion 
as to whether the supervisory program is reasonably likely to identify 
a material deficiency in internal controls of the FCM or in any of the 
other items that are the subject of an examination conducted in 
accordance with the supervisory program. Furthermore, the review will 
require that the examinations expert also provide recommendations on 
new or best practices prescribed by industry sources that should be 
incorporated in the supervisory program. The SRO must receive a written 
report from the examinations expert describing, among other things, the 
items mentioned in this paragraph.
    Upon receipt of the written report, the SRO must provide such 
written report to the Commission. The SRO must update the supervisory 
program and coordinate with the Commission to resolve any issues raised 
by the written report and any Commission questions and comments before 
the updated supervisory program becomes the standard for the SRO's 
examinations of its registered FCM members. Proposed Sec.  
1.52(c)(2)(vi) also requires each SRO to submit an initial supervisory 
program within 120 days of the effective date of the regulation, or a 
longer period of time that Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and 
Intermediary Oversight (acting pursuant to authority delegated by the 
Commission) may approve. The initial supervisory program must contain 
an affirmation from the examinations expert regarding the evaluation of 
the supervisory program, including the sufficiency of the risk-based 
approach and the internal controls testing. The examinations expert 
also must opine as to whether the supervisory program is reasonably 
likely to identify a material weakness in internal controls over 
financial or regulatory reporting.
    Consistent with the current regulation, and in order to avoid 
duplicative examinations and oversight of FCMs, retail foreign exchange 
dealers, or IBs, proposed Sec.  1.52(d)(1) provides that when two or 
more SROs have a common member registrant, such SROs may voluntarily 
agree to establish a plan to delegate to a single DSRO the function of 
overseeing and examining such common member registrant otherwise 
required from each such SRO.

[[Page 67892]]

Proposed amendments to Sec.  1.52(d)(1) would further provide that 
while an SRO may delegate the functions of examining a member FCM for 
compliance with the minimum financial and reporting and risk management 
requirements, the delegating SRO retains responsibility for its member 
FCM's compliance with such requirements.
    If SROs choose to take advantage of the efficiency provided by a 
joint audit plan with respect to their oversight and examinations over 
common member FCMs, then the plan must satisfy the requirements of 
proposed Sec.  1.52(d)(2), which will assure the quality of the SROs, 
both as to the substance of the oversight and examination program and 
the application of such program. Proposed Sec.  1.52(d)(2) requires in 
such a plan that the SROs form a Joint Audit Committee and adopt a 
Joint Audit Program pursuant to which FCMs are overseen and examined by 
a DSRO.
    The Joint Audit Committee members will be subject to a number of 
duties according to proposed Sec.  1.52(d)(2). The most important of 
these is that the Joint Audit Committee members establish and maintain 
a Joint Audit Program that the DSROs must apply in their oversight and 
examinations of FCMs.
    The requirements for the establishment and maintenance of the Joint 
Audit Program are identical in many ways to the establishment and 
maintenance of the standalone supervisory program with respect to FCMs 
described in proposed Sec. Sec.  1.52(b) and (c). For example, the 
Joint Audit Program and the standalone supervisory program both require 
controls testing as well as substantive testing, and the examination 
process for each FCM must be driven by the risk profile of each such 
FCM. Both programs are required to be reviewed by an examinations 
expert every two years. Both must have standards addressing the items 
listed in proposed Sec.  1.52(c)(2)(iii), including the examination 
risk assessment, examination planning, and quality control to ensure 
that the examinations maintain the level of quality expected. The 
rationale for this approach is because one of the goals of proposed 
Sec.  1.52(d)(2) is to ensure that the SRO and examinations of FCMs is 
at least up to the same heightened standard, regardless of whether the 
oversight and examinations are conducted by the SRO itself or by a DSRO 
designated by the Joint Audit Committee.
    The proposed revisions to Sec.  1.52(d) would not nullify the 
existing joint audit plan approved by the Commission on March 18, 2009. 
Furthermore, the Commission believes that the new minimum requirements 
for a Joint Audit Program under proposed Sec.  1.52(d)(2) will not 
require revisions to the current joint audit plan. In this regard, the 
joint audit plan approved by the Commission includes a provision in 
paragraph 3 that provides that the minimum practices and procedures 
followed by each DSRO in the conduct of examinations of FCMs shall be 
established to conform with the requirements of Sec.  1.52, Commission 
staff interpretations, and any other Commission requirements 
hereinafter in effect relating to audits and financial reviews. The 
Commission believes that this provision would require the DSROs of the 
current joint audit plan to revise their Audit Program to meet the new 
requirements of proposed 1.52, but not require a new joint audit plan 
to be submitted to the Commission.\79\
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    \79\ The Commission's view is only that the current agreement 
does not have to be revised as a result of the proposed amendments. 
The SRO members of the current joint audit plan, however, are not 
precluded from making any amendments or otherwise revising the joint 
audit program consistent with the terms included in the agreement 
for making such revisions.
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    The members of the current joint audit plan would be required to 
establish, operate and maintain a Joint Audit Program under proposed 
Sec.  1.52(d)(2)(i). The members of the current joint audit plan also 
would be required to submit to the Commission for its review and 
comment a Joint Audit Program within 120 days (or such other time as 
the Commission may approve) of the effective date of the amendments to 
Sec.  1.52 under proposed Sec.  1.52(d)(2)(ii)(H). The Joint Audit 
Program must be accompanied by a written report from an examinations 
expert affirming that the examinations expert has evaluated the Joint 
Audit Program and the examinations expert's opinion as to whether the 
Joint Audit Program is reasonably likely to identify a material 
deficiency in internal controls over financial and regulatory 
reporting, and other items that are subject of an examination conducted 
in accordance with the Joint Audit Program.
    The Commission is proposing to delegate the responsibility for 
granting an extension of time to submit an initial Joint Audit Program 
to the Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary 
Oversight. In this connection, the Commission anticipates that the 
Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight will be performing 
ongoing consultation with SROs regarding the examination programs and, 
therefore, would be in position to assess the adequacy of, and 
necessity for, any request for an extension of the filing deadline. It 
is anticipated that the Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and 
Intermediary Oversight will grant requests for reasonable extensions of 
time for the submission of the Joint Audit Program.
    The Commission requests comments on all aspects of proposed Sec.  
1.52. The Commission also requests comments on the following:
     The Commission is proposing to require that the SRO and/or 
JAC program be subject to an evaluation by an examinations expert at 
least once every two years. The examinations expert is defined as a 
nationally recognized accounting and auditing firm. Is the proposed 
definition of the examinations expert sufficiently clear or detailed to 
identify which entities may qualify as an examinations expert? If not, 
how can the Commission make the definition more objective? Should the 
Commission consider entities other than accounting and auditing firms 
(such as consulting firms) to act as examinations experts?
     Is the requirement for the examinations expert to conduct 
an evaluation of the SRO or JAC program at least once every two years 
an appropriate timeframe? Should the Commission consider a shorter 
interval between evaluations? If so, why? Alternatively, should the 
Commission consider a longer interval between evaluations? If so, why? 
What criteria should the Commission consider in setting the interval? 
Should the Commission allow SRO or JAC programs that have minimal 
issues raised by the examinations expert be subject to a longer 
evaluation interval than programs that have more issues identified by 
the examinations expert? If so, how would the Commission implement such 
a program?
     Does the requirement for an examinations expert add 
sufficient value to the SRO or JAC program to justify the costs of such 
evaluations? Please provide detail in your response to assist the 
Commission in assessing the costs of such evaluations.
     Are there alternatives to the examinations expert's 
evaluation to assess the adequacy of the SRO and JAC program that the 
Commission should consider? Please provide detail in your response.
     The Commission is proposing that an SRO submit an initial 
supervisory program and that the members of a Joint Audit Committee 
submit an initial Joint Audit Program within 120 days of the effective 
date of the regulation. The initial supervisory program and the initial 
Joint Audit Program must include

[[Page 67893]]

a written report containing an affirmation from an examinations expert 
regarding the evaluation of the supervisory program or the Joint Audit 
Program, including the sufficiency of the risk-based approach and the 
internal controls testing. The examinations expert also must opine as 
to whether the supervisory program or the Joint Audit Program is 
reasonably likely to identify a material weakness in internal controls 
over financial or regulatory reporting. Is the proposed 120-day period 
a sufficient period of time for an SRO or JAC to obtain such report 
from an examinations expert and to submit its respective supervisory 
program or Joint Audit Program? If not, what is a sufficient period of 
time?

P. Proposed Amendments to Sec.  1.55: Public Disclosures by Futures 
Commission Merchants

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.55 to enhance the 
disclosures provided to customers and potential customers regarding the 
extent to which customer funds are protected when deposited with an FCM 
as margin or to guarantee performance for trading commodity interests. 
The Commission also is proposing to require each FCM to disclose 
certain firm specific information regarding the FCM's financial 
condition and operations to allow customers and potential customers to 
assess the risks of engaging the firm to conduct futures trading and 
the risks of entrusting their funds to the FCM.
    Regulation 1.55(a) currently requires an FCM, or an IB in the case 
of an introduced account, to provide each customer with a risk 
disclosure statement prior to opening the customer's account (``Risk 
Disclosure Statement').\80\ Regulation 1.55(b) provides a standard form 
Risk Disclosure Statement that each FCM or IB is required to provide to 
each prospective customer. The current Risk Disclosure Statement is 
primarily intended to provide a customer with disclosure of the market 
risks of engaging in futures trading and addresses, among other things, 
risks associated with leverage, market movements, and the inability to 
exit the market due to limit moves. The FCM or IB also is required to 
receive a signed acknowledgment from the customer stating that the 
customer received and understood the Risk Disclosure Statement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \80\ FCMs and IBs are not required to provide disclosure 
documents to institutional customers, defined as eligible contract 
participants under section 1a of the Act. See Sec.  1.55(f).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.55 to require FCMs to 
provide additional disclosures to prospective customers. Specifically, 
the Commission is proposing to add new provisions to paragraph (b) that 
will require the Risk Disclosure Statement to contain a statement that: 
(1) Customer funds are not protected by insurance in the event of the 
bankruptcy or insolvency of the FCM, or if customer funds are 
misappropriated in the event of fraud; (2) customer funds are not 
protected by SIPC, even if the FCM is a BD registered with the SEC; and 
(3) customer funds are not insured by a DCO in the event of the 
bankruptcy or insolvency of the FCM holding the customer funds. The 
proposed amendments also will require an FCM to disclose that each 
customer's funds are not held in an individual segregated account by an 
FCM, but rather are commingled in one or more accounts, and that FCMs 
may invest funds deposited by customers in investments listed in Sec.  
1.25. The proposed amendments also will require that each FCM disclose 
that funds deposited by customers may be deposited with affiliated 
entities of the FCM, including affiliated banks and brokers.
    The Commission also is proposing to revise the Risk Disclosure 
Statement required by Sec.  1.55(b) to include a new disclosure that 
informs a potential customer that each futures commission merchant is 
required by Commission regulations to make certain firm specific 
disclosures and financial information publicly available on the futures 
commission merchant's Web site to assist the customer with his or her 
assessment and selection of a futures commission merchant. The firm 
specific disclosures are detailed in proposed paragraph (k) of Sec.  
1.55 and are discussed below. The Risk Disclosure Statement also must 
include the futures commission merchant's Web site address where the 
additional firm specific and financial information may be obtained by 
the customer.
    The Commission is proposing the additional disclosures in response 
to the recent failures of MF Global and Peregrine. The Commission is 
concerned that the current Risk Disclosure Statement does not provide 
customers with adequate or complete information regarding the risks of 
engaging in trading through an FCM. Current disclosures in the Risk 
Disclosure Statement focus on the market risks of engaging in futures 
trading. However, the Commission understands that many of MF Global's 
former customers did not have adequate and meaningful information 
regarding the risks that their funds were exposed to beyond general 
market risks. Specifically, the Commission understands that some 
customers believed that their funds were covered by insurance or other 
protection. Some customers also believed that DCOs guaranteed customer 
funds in the event of a bankruptcy of an FCM.
    The proposed additional disclosures in the Risk Disclosure 
Statement are intended to provide customers with a greater 
understanding of the risks of entrusting their funds with an FCM. This 
includes disclosures regarding the meaning and operation of the term 
``segregation'' under the Act and Commission regulations. In addition, 
the Commission believes that customers will benefit from an awareness 
that FCMs may use affiliated entities to hold customer funds.
    The Commission also is proposing that the Risk Disclosure Statement 
include a new provision that informs potential customers to the fact 
that additional firm specific disclosures and financial information 
about a particular FCM may be obtained from information maintained on 
each FCM's respective Web site. The content of the additional firm 
specific and financial disclosures are discussed below.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.55, by adding new 
paragraphs (i) through (n) which will require an FCM to provide to each 
customer an additional disclosure document that will set forth firm 
specific information and address firm-specific risk factors to allow 
customers to have more information regarding the FCM and the risks 
associated with entrusting their funds to the FCM, or otherwise 
conducting business with or through the FCM (``Firm Specific Disclosure 
Document''). The additional risk information provided also will enable 
customers to make more meaningful judgments regarding the 
appropriateness of selecting an FCM by providing tools and information 
for the meaningful comparisons of business models and risks across 
FCMs. Such additional information will greatly enhance the due 
diligence that a customer can conduct both prior to opening an account 
and on an ongoing basis, as the proposal will require that the FCM 
update the risk disclosure information on a periodic basis. The 
Commission believes that the proposed Firm Specific Disclosure 
Document, coupled with the existing Risk Disclosure Statement, will 
provide customers with a more complete perspective regarding the risks 
of participating in the futures markets.

[[Page 67894]]

    Under the proposal, in addition to providing general firm contact 
information, the Firm Specific Disclosure Document will contain the 
names, business contacts, and backgrounds for the FCM's senior 
management and members of the FCM's board of directors. The Firm 
Specific Disclosure Document also will include firm risk disclosures 
including: (1) A discussion of the significant types of business 
activities and product lines that the FCM engages in; (2) a discussion 
of the FCM's significant lines of business and the approximate amount 
of assets and capital devoted to each line of business; (3) a 
discussion of the material risks of the firm including the FCM's 
creditworthiness, leverage, capital and liquidity condition, and an 
explanation of how such risks may be material to customers that deposit 
funds for futures trading with the firm; and (4) a discussion of any 
material administrative, civil, criminal, or enforcement actions 
pending or any enforcement actions taken in the last three years.
    The proposed Firm Specific Disclosure Document also will require 
each FCM to disclose firm specific information regarding its operations 
in the futures marketplace. An FCM will be required to disclose the 
name of the firm's DSRO, and to provide an overview of customer funds 
segregation protections and limitations, and how it manages its 
collateral management and investments. Each FCM also will be required 
to disclose the clearinghouses and carrying brokers that its uses to 
conduct its business, as well as its policies and procedures concerning 
the choice of depositories, custodians and counterparties.
    The proposed Firm Specific Disclosure Document also will require 
the FCM to disclose certain financial and risk management information 
including the firm's total equity, regulatory capital, and net worth as 
of the most recent month end when the disclosure document is prepared. 
The FCM also is required to disclose information regarding: (1) The 
amount of the FCM's proprietary margin requirements as a percentage of 
the total segregated and secured funds that the FCM holds; (2) the 
number of customers that comprise 50 percent of the firm's total 
customer segregated and secured amount requirements; (3) the aggregate 
notional value, by asset class, of all non-hedged, principal over-the-
counter transactions into which the FCM has entered; (4) the amount, 
generic source and purpose of any unsecured lines of credit (or similar 
short-term funding) the FCM has obtained but not yet drawn upon; (5) 
the aggregate amount of financing the FCM provides for customer 
transactions involving illiquid financial products for which it is 
difficult to obtain timely and accurate prices; (6) the percentage of 
customer receivables that the FCM had to write-off as uncollectable 
during the prior year compared to the current segregated and secured 
amount balances; and (7) a summary of the FCM's current risk practices, 
controls and procedures.
    An FCM is obligated to update the Firm Specific Disclosure Document 
as necessary to keep the information accurate, but at least on an 
annual basis. An FCM also is required to make the Firm Specific 
Disclosure Document available to its customers and the general public 
on its Web site. An FCM may, however, use an alternative electronic 
means to make the Firm Specific Disclosure Document available to its 
customers provided that the electronic version is presented in a format 
that is readily communicated to its customers. The Proposal further 
provides that an FCM shall provide a paper copy of the Firm Specific 
Disclosure Document to a customer upon the customer's request.
    The Commission also is proposing to amend Sec.  1.55 to require 
each FCM to disclose on its Web site to the general public financial 
information that is publicly available under existing Commission 
regulations. Specifically, proposed paragraph (o) of Sec.  1.55 will 
require each FCM to make available on its Web site the daily 
Segregation Schedule; the daily Secured Amount Schedule; and the daily 
Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule. Each FCM will be required to 
maintain 12 months of the above segregation and secured schedules 
available on its Web site.
    Proposed paragraph (o) also requires each FCM to disclose on its 
Web site a summary schedule of the firm's adjusted net capital, net 
capital, and excess net capital for the 12 most recent month-end dates. 
Each FCM also will be required to disclose on its Web site the 
following statements and schedules from the most current year end 
annual report that is certified by an independent public accountant in 
accordance with Sec.  1.16: the Statement of Financial Condition; the 
Segregation Schedule; Secured Amount Schedule; the Cleared Swaps 
Segregation Schedule; and all footnotes related to the above statement 
and schedules.
    The information that the proposal requires each FCM to disclose on 
its Web site is information that is currently publicly available under 
Commission regulations, or proposed by this rulemaking in the case of 
the Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule, to be public information. 
Regulation 1.10(g) currently provides that the Segregation Schedules 
and Secured Amount Schedules contained in the monthly unaudited Forms 
1-FR-FCM are public information. Regulation 1.10(g) further provides 
that the amounts of an FCM's adjusted net capital, minimum net capital 
requirement, and excess net capital as reported in the firm's unaudited 
monthly Form 1-FR-FCM are public information. Lastly, Sec.  1.10(g) 
provides that the Statement of Financial Condition, Segregation 
Schedule, Secured Amount Schedule, and related footnote disclosures 
contained in an FCM's audited annual financial report are public 
documents.
    The Commission also is proposing in paragraph (o) of Sec.  1.55 to 
require each FCM to include a statement on its Web site that is 
available to the public that additional information, including 
information on how the FCM invests customer funds, may be obtained from 
the NFA. The FCM also is required to include a link on its Web site to 
the NFA web page which shows financial information for the FCM. Lastly, 
proposed paragraph (o) requires each FCM to include a statement 
regarding the Commission's reporting of select FCM financial 
information and a link to the Commission's Web site.
    The Commission is proposing paragraph (o) as it believes that 
customers will make more informed choices regarding which FCMs to use 
to carry their account and to entrust their funds to if they have the 
opportunity to have access to FCM financial information. Requiring FCMs 
to make the information available to the public on their respective Web 
sites will allow customers and potential customers with a convenient 
method of obtaining and reviewing the information to assist with their 
selection process. Customers will have the ability to compare and 
contrast financial data from all FCMs to assist with the decision 
making process of determining which firms meet their criteria for 
holding their funds.
    The Commission requests comment on all aspects of proposed 
amendments to Sec.  1.55. Specifically, the Commission requests comment 
on the following:
     Do the existing and proposed disclosures required to be 
included in the Risk Disclosure Statement and Firm Specific Disclosure 
Document adequately convey to retail and/or institutional investors the 
market and firm specific risks of engaging in futures trading and the 
risks of using an FCM to execute trades on customers' behalf and to 
hold customers' funds? If not, how should the Risk Disclosure

[[Page 67895]]

Statement and Firm Specific Disclosure Document be amended?
     Are there other disclosures that the Commission should 
require to be included in Risk Disclosure Statement? If so, what are 
the additional disclosures and how would such disclosures benefit 
customers?
     Are there other disclosures that the Commission should 
require to be included in a Firm Specific Disclosure Document? If so, 
what are the additional disclosures and how would such disclosures 
benefit customers?
     Are the proposed additional firm-specific disclosures too 
broad? If so, how should the Commission refine the disclosures to be 
more specific, yet provide the type of information that the Commission 
would like customers to receive?
     The Commission is proposing to require an FCM to disclose 
in the Firm Specific Disclosure Document the number of customers that 
comprise 50 percent of the FCM's customer fund balances for futures 
customers, Cleared Swaps Customers, and 30.7 Customers. Should the 
Commission consider additional or different percentages? If so, what 
should the percentages be and why?
     The Commission requests comment on how the new or revised 
Risk Disclosure Statement and Disclosure Documents should be provided 
to existing customers. Should FCMs be required to obtain new signature 
acknowledgments from existing customers for a revised Risk Disclosure 
Statement? How should existing customers be informed of the new Firm 
Specific Disclosure Statement? How can the Commission be assured that 
all existing customers have been informed of the new disclosure 
documents, and the availability of the FCM financial data?
     If FCMs are required to provide existing customers with 
new Risk Disclosure Statements, how should Commission address the 
implementation of the requirement? What would be an adequate period of 
time for FCMs to obtain new acknowledgment from existing customers?

Q. Proposed Amendments to Part 22

    The Commission recently adopted final regulations in Part 22 
implementing the provisions of the Dodd Frank Act that provide for the 
protection of Cleared Swaps Customer contracts and collateral.\81\ 
Although substantive differences in the segregation regimes between 
futures and cleared swaps at the clearing level exist under the final 
Part 22 regulations as adopted, requirements with respect to collateral 
which is not posted to clearinghouses and maintained by FCMs for 
Cleared Swaps Customers replicate or incorporate by reference the same 
regulatory requirements applicable to the segregation of futures 
customer funds under section 4d(a)(2) of the Act (for example, holding 
funds separate and apart from proprietary funds, limitations on the 
FCM's use of customer funds, titling of depository accounts, 
Acknowledgment Letter from depository requirements, and limitations on 
investment of swap customers' funds are currently contained in Part 22 
regulations).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \81\ 77 FR 6336 (February 7, 2012).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The determination that appropriate enhancements are necessary with 
respect to the regulatory requirements discussed above for segregated 
futures customer funds under section 4d(a)(2) of the Act is equally 
applicable to Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral. The written policies 
and procedures requirements proposed in Sec.  1.11 would be applicable 
to Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral, the new withdrawal limitations 
requirements proposed in Sec.  1.23 are proposed to be replicated in a 
new Sec.  22.17, and the changes to the daily segregation calculations 
and filing of such calculations, as well as requirements for detailed 
depository and investment information, are proposed to apply to Cleared 
Swaps Customer funds through proposed amendments to Sec.  22.2(g). In 
addition, changes discussed above regarding Sec.  1.17 with respect to 
securities haircuts are also proposed with respect to Sec.  22.2(f), 
which similarly incorporates by reference the applicable SEC securities 
haircuts. Finally, the proposed Sec.  1.20(i) requirement that an FCM 
maintain residual interest in segregated accounts in an amount that 
exceeds the sum of all futures customers' margin deficits is also 
proposed with respect to Cleared Swaps. As stated above, this 
requirement provides a clear mechanism for demonstrating FCM compliance 
with the prohibition under the Act and existing Commission regulations 
on using the collateral of one Cleared Swaps Customer to support the 
obligations of another Cleared Swaps Customer.

R. Amendments to Sec.  1.3: Definitions; and Sec.  30.7: Treatment of 
Foreign Futures or Foreign Options Secured Amount

    Part 30 of the Commission's regulations were adopted in 1987 and 
govern trading on foreign futures markets.\82\ Regulation 30.7 requires 
an FCM to set aside in separate accounts for the benefit of its foreign 
futures or foreign options customers an amount of funds defined as the 
``foreign futures or foreign options secured amount.'' The term 
``foreign futures or foreign options secured amount'' is defined in 
Sec.  1.3(rr) as the amount of funds necessary to margin the foreign 
futures or foreign options positions held by the FCM for its foreign 
futures or foreign options customers, plus or minus any gains or losses 
on such open positions. The calculation of the foreign futures or 
foreign options secured amount is referred to as the ``Alternative 
Method.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \82\ 52 FR 28980 (Aug. 5, 1987).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Foreign futures or foreign options customers receive substantially 
less protection for their account deposits under the Alternative Method 
than futures customers receive for their account deposits under section 
4d(a)(2) of the Act and Commission regulations. Section 4d(a)(2) of the 
Act and Commission regulations require an FCM to segregate in separate 
accounts sufficient funds to satisfy the full account equities of all 
of its futures customers trading on designated contract markets (i.e., 
the Net Liquidating Equity Method). The regulatory objective of the Net 
Liquidating Equity Method is to ensure that an FCM has sufficient funds 
in segregated accounts to cover the full account equities of all of its 
futures customers. This would allow the FCM to transfer the futures 
customers' positions and margin collateral in the event of the 
insolvency of the FCM to another firm that was financial sound. If the 
FCM does not maintain sufficient funds in segregation to cover the full 
account equities, the futures customers may not be able to be 
transferred to another FCM, or the futures customers may be required to 
deposit margin funds with the transferee FCM to adequately margin the 
positions.
    In contrast, the Alternative Method only obligates an FCM to set 
aside an amount of funds in separate accounts sufficient to cover the 
margin required on open foreign futures and foreign options positions, 
plus or minus any unrealized gains or losses on such positions. Any 
funds deposited by foreign futures or foreign options customers in 
excess of the required amount to be set aside in separate accounts 
under the Alternative Method may be held by the FCM in operating cash 
accounts and may be used by the FCM as if it were its own capital. 
Therefore, an FCM is not required to set aside in separate accounts a 
sufficient

[[Page 67896]]

amount funds to repay the full account balances of each of its foreign 
futures or foreign options customers, and, in the event of an FCM 
insolvency, the foreign futures or foreign options customers may not 
recover 100 percent of the value of their accounts or be able to 
transfer their positions to another FCM.
    The Commission is proposing to amend the Part 30 regulations to 
eliminate the Alternative Method and to require FCMs to use the Net 
Liquidating Equity Method to compute the amount of funds they must set 
aside in separate accounts for the benefit of its foreign futures or 
foreign options customers. The amount of funds held for foreign futures 
and foreign options customers has grown dramatically in the last 10 
years. FCMs held approximately $36.4 billion for foreign futures or 
foreign options customers as of June 30, 2012, compared to a total of 
$7.9 billion held as of March 31, 2002 (an approximate 470 percent 
increase).\83\ In addition, the amount of funds held by FCMs for 
foreign futures or foreign options customers has increased relative to 
the amount of segregated funds held by FCMs during the last 10 years. 
Funds held for foreign futures or foreign options customers represented 
approximately 13 percent of the total customer funds held by FCMs as of 
March 31, 2002, and represented approximately 21 percent of total 
customer funds as of June 30, 2012.\84\
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    \83\ The total amount of customer funds held by FCMs is 
available on the Commission's Web site at http://www.cftc.gov/MarketReports/FinancialDataforFCMs/index.htm.
    \84\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Accordingly, the Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.3(rr) to 
define the term ``foreign futures or foreign options secured amount'' 
to mean the amount of funds an FCM needs to satisfy the full account 
balances of each 30.7 Customer at all times (i.e., the Net Liquidating 
Equity Method).
    The term ``30.7 Customer'' is proposed to be defined in Sec.  30.1 
to mean both U.S.-domiciled customers and foreign-domiciled customers 
trading foreign futures or foreign options. As originally adopted, FCMs 
were only required to hold funds for U.S.-domiciled customers. The Net 
Liquidating Equity Method will require the FCM to set aside a 
sufficient amount of funds in secured accounts to repay the total 
account balances of all of its 30.7 Customers, which will align the 
requirement with the segregation requirements for both futures 
customers and Cleared Swaps Customers. The proposed amendments will 
significantly enhance the protection afforded to funds deposited by 
customers trading on foreign markets.
    The Commission also is proposing to substantively revise the 
regulations governing an FCM's holding of funds deposited by a customer 
for trading on foreign futures markets. The proposed amendments to the 
foreign futures or foreign options secured amount requirement establish 
many of the regulatory requirements that currently exist, or are 
proposed to be adopted under this rulemaking, with regard to segregated 
funds deposited by customers trading on a designated contract market 
under Part 1 and deposited by Cleared Swaps Customers under Part 22 of 
the Commission's Regulations.
    Regulation 30.7(a) requires an FCM to set aside in separate 
accounts sufficient funds to meet its current obligations to foreign 
futures or foreign option customers denominated as the ``foreign 
futures or foreign options secured amount.'' The term ``foreign futures 
or foreign options customer'' is defined in Sec.  30.1 to mean any 
person located in the United States, its territories, or possessions. 
The term ``foreign futures or foreign options secured amount'' is 
defined at Sec.  1.3(rr) and means an amount of money, securities, or 
other property sufficient to margin, guarantee, or secure open foreign 
futures contracts plus any unrealized gains or losses on such 
contracts, and any money securities or property representing premiums 
paid or received, and any other funds necessary to guarantee or secure, 
open foreign option transactions (i.e., the Alternative Method of 
computing the secured amount requirement). Thus, an FCM is not required 
to set aside in separate accounts all funds deposited by or otherwise 
belonging to foreign futures or foreign option customers. Funds 
deposited by foreign futures or foreign options customers that exceed 
the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount may be commingled 
with the FCM's proprietary funds and used by the FCM as part of its 
business capital.
    In addition, Sec.  30.7(b) requires only that an FCM set aside the 
required margin funds for foreign futures customers that are located 
within the United States, its territories, or possessions. Regulation 
30.7 permits the FCM to include foreign futures customers that are 
located outside of the United States, but the FCM is not obligated to 
include such foreign-domiciled customers.
    Furthermore, Commission staff previously issued guidance to FCMs 
stating that an FCM could carry positions other than foreign futures 
and foreign option positions in foreign futures or foreign options 
customers' accounts. Thus, FCMs could commingle and carry customers' 
non-foreign futures positions, such as foreign currency positions and 
over-the-counter positions, in such customers' foreign futures or 
foreign options account.
    The intent of the following amendments is to align the regulatory 
approach and customer protections by raising the requirements for 
foreign futures or foreign options secured amount to make it consistent 
with the FCM's segregation requirements for customers trading on 
designated contract market or engaging in cleared swap transactions.
    As stated above, the Commission is proposing to require FCMs to 
compute the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount using the 
Net Liquidating Equity Method by amending the definition in Sec.  
1.3(rr) of the term ``foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amount'' to match structurally the definition in Sec.  1.3(gg) of the 
term ``customer funds,'' which encompasses the Net Liquidating Equity 
Method of computing the amount of funds an FCM is required to maintain 
in customer segregated accounts. Specifically, the proposed definition 
of the term ``foreign futures or foreign options secured amount'' would 
be amended to mean all money, securities and property received by an 
FCM for, or on behalf of, ``30.7 Customers'' to margin, guarantee, or 
secure foreign futures contracts and foreign option transactions, and 
all funds accruing to ``30.7 Customers'' as a result of such foreign 
futures and foreign options transactions. The term ``30.7 Customer'' is 
proposed to be defined in Sec.  30.1 to mean any person, whether 
domiciled within or outside of the United States, that engages in 
foreign futures or foreign options transactions through the FCM.
    Requiring an FCM to set aside in separate accounts the funds 
deposited by both domestic and foreign-domiciled customers provides 
comparable customer protections to customers notwithstanding their 
place of domicile. In addition, requiring the FCM to hold U.S.-
domiciled and foreign-domiciled customer funds in separate accounts 
under Sec.  30.7 ensures that such customers receive equal protections 
in the event of the bankruptcy of the firm. Part 190 of the 
Commission's regulations and the U.S. Bankruptcy Code \85\ provide that 
in the event of a commodity broker bankruptcy liquidation, customers in 
the account

[[Page 67897]]

class entitled to a preference to the amounts in set-aside accounts for 
customers trading on foreign boards of trade include both U.S.-
domiciled and foreign-domiciled customers.\86\ The Commission is 
proposing to require funds to be set aside equally for U.S.-domiciled 
and foreign-domiciled customers trading on foreign boards of trade in 
the computation under Sec.  30.7 by establishing a new definition of 
30.7 Customers that includes existing foreign futures or foreign 
options customers (which are U.S.-domiciled persons trading foreign 
futures or foreign options) as well as any foreign-domiciled persons 
trading foreign futures or foreign options through the registered FCM. 
The secured amount definition, as proposed to be amended in Sec.  
1.3(rr), will reference ``30.7 Customers'' instead of ``foreign futures 
or foreign options customers,'' to ensure FCMs are required to set 
aside funds equal to the net liquidating equity of all such persons. 
Combined with the proposed amendment to require net liquidating equity, 
this should result in at all times an amount required to be set aside 
for all persons equal to the amount owed to such persons that would 
share in the account class for foreign futures in a commodity broker 
liquidation. The Commission is also proposing amendments in Sec.  1.10 
and Sec.  1.17 to reference ``30.7 Customers'' instead of foreign 
futures or foreign options customers in the title of the schedules 
prepared by an FCM.
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    \85\ See 11 U.S.C. 761-766.
    \86\ Id. By definition, ``foreign future'' under section 761 of 
the Bankruptcy Code is not limited to transactions entered on 
foreign boards of trade on behalf of U.S. domiciled persons, and 
``customer'' is not limited to U.S. domiciled persons. The result is 
that by the application of these definitions a preferential account 
class at a commodity broker for customers trading foreign futures 
would not be limited to U.S. domiciled customers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the Commission is proposing to add language to Sec.  
30.7(a) to provide an equivalent offset to that available in the 
futures customer segregation calculation under Sec.  1.32(b) for 
deficits in accounts secured by securities, subject to language 
updating the reference to applying securities haircuts in calculating 
the offset as discussed in Section II.F above. The result of these 
amendments as discussed should be accord between the methodologies 
applied in the 4d segregation calculation and the Sec.  30.7 
calculation.
    Consistent with proposed changes in Sec.  1.20(i) and Part 22, the 
Commission also is proposing to add language to Sec.  30.7(a) to 
provide that an FCM must hold residual interest in accounts set aside 
for the benefit of 30.7 Customers equal to the sum of all margin 
deficits for such accounts, to provide an equivalent clear mechanism 
for ensuring that the funds of one 30.7 Customer are not margining or 
guaranteeing the positions of another 30.7 Customer. Although this 
prohibition is not specified in the Act as it is with respect for 
futures customers and Cleared Swaps Customers, the Commission is 
proposing to the extent possible to replicate wherever practical and 
advisable customer protection provisions for futures customers and 
Cleared Swaps Customers to 30.7 Customers. As a result, most of the 
amendments proposed earlier in various provisions for these customers 
also are being proposed in Sec.  30.7.
    The Commission requests comment on the proposed amendments to Sec.  
30.7(a).
    Proposed paragraph (b) of Sec.  30.7 sets forth the permitted 
depositories for holding 30.7 Customer funds. The proposal does not 
alter the list of depositories that are currently permitted under Sec.  
30.7 to hold 30.7 Customers' funds: (1) A bank or trust company located 
in the United States; (2) a bank or trust company located outside of 
the United States that maintains in excess of $ 1 billion of regulatory 
capital; (3) an FCM registered with the Commission; (4) a DCO; (5) the 
clearing organization of a foreign board of trade; (6) a member of a 
foreign board of trade; and (7) the depositories used by the clearing 
organization of a foreign board of trade or a member of a foreign board 
of trade.
    Proposed Sec.  30.7(c) would limit the amount of 30.7 Customers' 
funds that an FCM could hold in non-U.S. jurisdictions. Under the 
proposal, an FCM must hold 30.7 Customer funds in the United States, 
except to the extent that the funds held outside of the United States 
are necessary to margin, guarantee, or secure (including any prefunding 
obligations) the foreign futures or foreign options positions of an 
FCM's 30.7 Customers. The Commission also is proposing to allow an FCM 
to deposit additional 30.7 Customer Funds equal to 10 percent of the 
total amount of funds required to be held by non-U.S. brokers or 
foreign clearing organizations for 30.7 Customers as a cushion to the 
required margin requirements, so that the FCM has a certain degree of 
flexibility in managing its daily cash movements and to ensure that the 
foreign futures or foreign options positions are not undermargined at 
foreign brokers or clearing organizations. The Commission recognizes 
that due to differences in time zones, trading hours, banking holidays, 
as well needs for cash transfers to foreign jurisdictions to settle and 
to be credited to accounts, a customer may not be able to immediately 
transfer funds to its FCM, and an FCM may not be able to immediately 
transfer funds to a foreign broker or foreign clearing organization to 
meet a margin call. The proposed cushion is intended to provide an FCM 
with sufficient flexibility to meet its customers' trading obligations 
on foreign markets, while also requiring as much of the total 30.7 
Customer funds to be held within the United States in order to minimize 
the impact of the repatriation risk in the event of an FCM insolvency.
    The Commission previously proposed changes to the form of the 
Acknowledgment Letter required from depositories holding funds set 
aside as the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount.\87\ The 
Commission here re-proposes in a revised paragraph (d) to Sec.  30.7 
the requirements for obtaining and submitting Acknowledgment Letters 
for Sec.  30.7 accounts, which proposed changes include further revised 
template forms of Acknowledgment Letter included as Appendices E and F. 
The proposed template forms, in addition to incorporating earlier 
proposed changes previously summarized with respect to the Sec.  1.20 
Acknowledgment Letters, have been further revised to include a 
depository's agreement to provide read-only account access to 
Commission or DSRO staff, in order for Commission or DSRO staff to 
directly verify balances as necessary. The Commission is also proposing 
subparagraphs (3), (4) and (5) of Sec.  30.7(d), which substantively 
require 24 hour a day direct read-only electronic access to the 
depository account by the Commission and the DSRO, require the 
depository to file the written Acknowledgment Letter directly with the 
Commission and the FCM's DSRO, and require the depository to provide 
confirmations to the Commission and the FCM's DSRO directly upon 
request. The Commission requests comment on the revised requirements 
for Acknowledgment Letters for Sec.  30.7 accounts as proposed in 
paragraph (d) and the new template forms of the Acknowledgment Letters 
proposed in Appendices E and F.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \87\ See Acknowledgment Letters for Customer Funds and Secured 
Amount Funds, 75 FR 47738 (Aug. 9, 2010).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As part of its participation in the public roundtable discussed in 
the Background section above, FIA recommended that the Commission 
eliminate the ability of FCMs to commingle funds from unregulated

[[Page 67898]]

transactions with funds for foreign futures and options trading in Part 
30 set aside accounts, except by Commission order, as is the case under 
4d(a)(2) of the Act for segregated funds. The Commission agrees with 
this recommendation. The comments cited in the release adopting Part 30 
with respect to back office operational difficulties of establishing 
multiple ``customer'' origins were persuasive at the time Part 30 was 
adopted.\88\ With the technological changes of intervening decades, 
however, these concerns should no longer dictate the advisability of 
commingling the funds of regulated foreign futures and foreign options 
transactions with unregulated transactions. Therefore, the Commission 
is proposing to amend Sec.  30.7 by adopting new paragraph (e), which 
will extend the prohibition against commingling to any funds of account 
holders of an FCM unrelated to trading foreign futures or foreign 
options, except as the Commission shall by order permit, under terms 
and conditions as specified. Should there be a need to permit 
commingling of funds, the Commission will continue to have the ability 
to permit such commingling under the formalities of processes 
associated with a Commission order. The Commission requests comment on 
this proposed amendment to Sec.  30.7(e).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \88\ See 52 FR 28980 at 28985-28986.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission has proposed to adopt a new paragraph (f) and a new 
paragraph (k) in Sec.  30.7, to extend regulatory provisions from 
Sec. Sec.  1.20, 1.21, 1.22 and 1.24, that previously were applicable 
only to 4d segregated funds, to funds set aside as the foreign futures 
or foreign options secured amount under Sec.  30.7. The Commission 
requests comment on replicating these regulatory requirements 
applicable to segregated funds to funds set aside as the foreign 
futures or foreign options secured amount. These proposed requirements 
would make clear that FCMs would not be permitted to use funds set 
aside as the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount other 
than for the benefit of 30.7 Customers, and that funds set aside as the 
foreign futures or foreign options secured amount should not be 
invested in any obligations of clearing organizations or boards of 
trade, and that further, no funds placed at foreign brokers should be 
included as funds set aside as the foreign futures or foreign options 
secured amount unless those funds are on deposit to margin the foreign 
futures or foreign options trading of 30.7 Customers. In addition to 
extending these existing Commission regulations to Sec.  30.7 in 
proposed paragraphs (f) and (k), the Commission is also proposing a new 
requirement prohibiting a FCM from imposing any liens or allowing any 
liens to be imposed on funds set aside as the foreign futures or 
foreign options secured amount. The Commission has previously adopted a 
lien prohibition with respect to the segregation of Cleared Swaps 
Customer collateral at Sec.  22.2(d)(2) and therefore proposes to 
extend this lien prohibition to funds set aside as the foreign futures 
or foreign options secured amount in Sec.  30.7. The Commission 
requests comment on the proposed amendments providing limitations on 
use and permitted withdrawals as contained in Sec. Sec.  30.7(f) and 
(k).
    As discussed in Section II.I above, the Commission has proposed new 
limitations on withdrawals of segregated funds in Sec.  1.23. The 
proposed amendments provide for an FCM's residual interest in 
segregated funds, and permits withdrawals from segregated funds for the 
proprietary use of the FCM to the extent of such residual interest, 
subject to the requirement that the withdrawal must not occur prior to 
the completion of the daily segregation computation for the prior day, 
and should the withdrawal (individually or aggregated with other 
withdrawals) exceed 25 percent of the prior day residual interest, the 
withdrawal must be subject to specific approvals by senior management 
and appropriately documented, and further subject to a complete 
prohibition on withdrawals of residual interest to the extent of margin 
deficits. The Commission has proposed paragraph (g) of Sec.  30.7 to 
apply the same restrictions on withdrawals of an FCM's residual 
interest in funds set aside as the foreign futures or foreign options 
secured amount. The Commission requests comment on proposed paragraph 
(g) of Sec.  30.7.
    Regulation 30.7(g) was recently adopted by the Commission to 
provide that the investment of Sec.  30.7 funds be subject to the 
investment limitations contained in Sec.  1.25.\89\ The Commission is 
proposing to now move this permitted investment requirement to a new 
paragraph Sec.  30.7(h), and further to adopt a new paragraph Sec.  
30.7(i), which makes clear that FCMs are solely responsible for any 
losses resulting from the permitted investment of funds set aside as 
the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount. The new 
paragraph Sec.  30.7(i) is intended to apply the same standard as is 
being proposed in the amendment to Sec.  1.29 for segregated funds 
discussed above. The Commission is also requesting comment on whether 
the investment of 30.7 property should be restricted in cases of 
jurisdictions where client asset protection of such property cannot be 
assured? If so, what assurances should be required? For example, in 
cases of jurisdictions where client asset protections can be waived, 
should the Commission require that the Commission or a DSRO be 
practicably able to audit for evidence of such waiver? What are the 
relevant costs and benefits of adopting any of these alternatives?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \89\ 76 FR 78776 at 78802 (December 19, 2011).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission also is proposing in an amended paragraph (j) to 
Sec.  30.7 to clarify the circumstances under which an FCM may make 
secured loans to 30.7 Customers and to adopt the same restriction on 
unsecured lending to 30.7 Customers as has been proposed with respect 
to futures customers and 4d segregated funds in the proposed amendment 
to Sec.  1.30 discussed above. The Commission requests comment on 
applying this restriction in relation to 30.7 Customers.
    Finally, the Commission is proposing an amended paragraph (l) to 
Sec.  30.7 to require the daily computation of the foreign futures or 
foreign options secured amount and the filing of such daily computation 
with the Commission and DSROs, as well as to require the FCM to provide 
investment detail of the foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amount as of the middle and end of the month. The proposed amendments 
to paragraph (l) of Sec.  30.7 are intended to be consistent with the 
requirements for the daily segregation calculation for segregated 
customer funds and the provision of the segregation investment detail 
which are proposed in Sec.  1.32. The Commission requests comment on 
the proposed changes requiring the filing of the daily secured amount 
computation and the investment detail as proposed in Sec.  30.7(l).

III. Consideration of Costs and Benefits

    The misuse or mishandling of customer funds at specific FCMs like 
MF Global or Peregrine not only imposes a burden on those customers 
whose funds have been misused, but also creates a burden to the public 
by eroding the trust of the American public in all market 
intermediaries. This loss of trust could deter market participants from 
the benefits of using regulated, transparent markets and clearing. The 
overarching purpose of this rule is to provide regulators the means by 
which to detect and deter the misuse or mishandling of customer funds 
by FCMs in order to produce the benefits that

[[Page 67899]]

accrue by virtue of avoiding similar defaults in the future and to 
prevent the costs, including lost customer funds, decreased market 
liquidity that follows from a crisis in confidence, and the potential 
for the failure of one FCM to cause instability in other clearing 
members.\90\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \90\ The failure of one clearing member could lead to 
instability in other clearing members if the losses due to the first 
member's failure are large enough to exhaust the guarantee fund and 
require additional capital infusion from other clearing members.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission's proposal builds on recent efforts by the 
Commission and industry to better protect customer funds. As discussed 
above in section I.D., in December 2011 the Commission amended Sec.  
1.25 of its regulations to eliminate certain options for the 
permissible investments of customer funds.\91\ Two months later, the 
Commission approved a margin rule for cleared swap transactions 
referred to as ``LSOC'' (legal separation with operational commingling) 
in which each swaps customer's collateral is protected individually all 
the way to the clearinghouse.\92\ The Commission also convened a 
roundtable in late February 2012 to discuss what amendments should be 
made to Commission regulations in order to provide additional 
protection to customer funds. Further, in June 2012, the Commission 
finalized rules for DCMs and included amendments to Sec.  1.52 which 
codify staff guidance on minimum requirements for SROs regarding their 
financial surveillance of FCMs.\93\ With the recent default of another 
FCM, Peregrine, the Commission held two additional roundtables to 
discuss, among other things, technological approaches to mitigating the 
risk of fraud, and possible amendments to the Commission's rules 
regarding protection of customer funds.\94\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \91\ In the final rule amending Sec.  1.25, the Commission 
stated, ``the Commission is narrowing the scope of investment 
choices in order to eliminate the potential use of portfolios of 
instruments that may pose an unacceptable level of risk to customer 
funds.'' See ``Investment of Customer Funds and Funds Held in an 
Account for Foreign Futures and Foreign Options Transactions,'' 76 
FR 78776, December 19, 2011.
    \92\ 77 FR 6336 (Feb. 7, 2012) (Protection of Cleared Swaps 
Customer Contracts and Collateral; Conforming Amendments to the 
Commodity Broker Bankruptcy Provisions).
    \93\ 77 FR 36612 (June 19, 2012) (Core Principles and Other 
Requirements for Designated Contract Markets).
    \94\ Public Meeting of the Technology Advisory Committee, July 
26, 2012. See http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_tac072612. Public Roundtable to Discuss Additional Customer 
Protections, August 9, 2012. See http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_cftcstaff080912.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this rulemaking, the Commission is proposing amendments to 
improve the protection of customer funds. The content of the 
Commission's proposal can be categorized in seven parts: (1) Requiring 
FCMs to implement extensive risk management programs including written 
policies and procedures related to various aspects of their handling of 
customer funds; (2) increasing reporting requirements for FCMs related 
to segregated customer funds, including daily reports to the Commission 
and DSRO; (3) requiring FCMs to establish target amounts of residual 
interest to be maintained in segregated accounts as well as creating 
restrictions and increased oversight for FCM withdrawals out of such 
residual interest in customer segregated accounts, specifically 
including clear sign off and accountability from senior management for 
such withdrawals; (4) strengthening requirements for the acknowledgment 
letters that FCMs and DCOs must obtain from their depositories; (5) 
eliminating the Alternative Method for calculating 30.7 Customer funds 
segregation requirements and requiring FCMs to include foreign 
investors' funds in segregated accounts; (6) strengthening the 
regulatory requirements applicable to SRO and DSRO oversight of FCMs, 
including regulating oversight provided under the function of a Joint 
Audit Committee that would establish standards for, and oversee the 
execution of, FCM audits; and (7) requiring FCMs to provide additional 
disclosures to investors.

Statutory Mandate To Consider the Costs and Benefits of the 
Commission's Action: Commodity Exchange Act Section 15(a)

    Section 15(a) of the Act requires the Commission to consider the 
costs and benefits of its actions before promulgating a regulation 
under the Act or issuing certain orders. Section 15(a) further 
specifies that the costs and benefits shall be evaluated in light of 
the following five broad areas of market and public concern: (1) 
Protection of market participants and the public; (2) efficiency, 
competitiveness and financial integrity of futures markets; (3) price 
discovery; (4) sound risk management practices; and (5) other public 
interest considerations. The Commission considers the costs and 
benefits resulting from its discretionary determinations with respect 
to the section 15(a) considerations.
    There are four considerations relevant to this proposal. These are: 
(1) Protection of market participants and the public; (2) efficiency, 
competitiveness and financial integrity of futures markets; (3) sound 
risk management practices; and (4) other public interest 
considerations. The Commission proposes that the amendments would not 
have any effect on price discovery.
    In the discussion that follows, the Commission provides an overview 
of the proposed rules in light of the three relevant 15(a) cost-benefit 
considerations previously identified, and then considers the costs and 
benefits of each section individually in light of the same 15(a) public 
interest considerations. The Commission concludes with additional 
requests for public comment on all aspects of its preliminary 
consideration of the costs and benefits of the rule proposals.

Overview of the Costs and Benefits of the Proposed Rules and Amendments 
in Light of the 15(a) Considerations

Protection of Market Participants and the Public

    As stated above, the Commission is proposing amendments to improve 
protection of customer funds. Each of the seven parts of the proposal 
\95\ would increase levels of protection for customer funds. Requiring 
FCMs to implement risk management programs that include documented 
policies and procedures regarding various aspects of handling customer 
funds would help protect customer funds by promoting robust internal 
risk controls and reducing the likelihood of errors or fraud that could 
jeopardize customer funds. In addition, by requiring each FCM to 
document certain policies and procedures, the proposed rules would 
enable the Commission, DSROs, and

[[Page 67900]]

other auditors to evaluate each FCM's compliance with their own 
policies and procedures. Moreover, the proposed requirement that FCMs 
establish a program for quarterly audits by independent or external 
people that is designed to identify any breach of the policies and 
procedures would help to ensure regular, independent validation that 
the procedures are followed diligently. Audits of this sort provide 
more thorough review of internal procedures than the Commission or 
DSROs would be able to perform regularly with existing resources, which 
would provide helpful scrutiny of each FCM's procedures on a regular 
basis. This, together with the proposed requirement that FCMs establish 
a program of governing supervision that is designed to ensure the 
policies required in Sec.  1.11 are followed, will tend to promote 
compliance with the FCM's own policies and procedures. And by promoting 
such compliance, the requirements would reduce the risk of operational 
errors, lax risk management, and fraud, and thus the risk of consequent 
loss of customer funds.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \95\ The seven parts of the proposal are: (1) Requiring FCMs to 
implement risk management programs including extensive written 
policies and procedures related to various aspects of their handling 
of customer funds; (2) increasing reporting requirements for FCMs 
related to segregated customer funds, including daily reports to the 
Commission and DSROs; (3) requiring FCMs to establish target amounts 
of residual interest to be maintained in segregated accounts as well 
as creating restrictions and increased oversight for FCM withdrawals 
out of such residual interest in customer segregated accounts, 
including clear sign off and accountability from senior management 
for such withdrawals; (4) strengthening requirements for the 
acknowledgment letters that FCMs and DCOs must obtain from their 
depositories; (5) eliminating the Alternative Method for calculating 
30.7 Customer funds segregation requirements and requiring FCMs to 
include foreign-domiciled customers' funds in segregated accounts; 
(6) strengthening the regulatory requirements applicable to SRO and 
DSRO oversight of FCMs, including regulating oversight provided 
under the function of a Joint Audit Committee (Joint Audit Program) 
that would establish standards for, and oversee the execution of, 
FCM audits; and (7) requiring FCMs to provide additional disclosures 
to investors.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Increasing reporting requirements for FCMs related to segregated 
customer funds would help the Commission and DSRO identify FCMs that 
should be monitored more closely in order to safeguard customer funds. 
Moreover, by making some additional reported information public, the 
proposed rules would facilitate additional market discipline that 
further promotes protection of customer funds.
    Creating restrictions and increased oversight for FCM withdrawals 
out of its residual interest in customer segregated accounts, and 
requiring sign off from senior management for large withdrawals would 
protect customers by helping to ensure that such withdrawals do not 
cause segregated account balances to drop below their segregation 
requirements. Moreover, it would promote effective oversight of 
customer segregated accounts by senior management by increasing their 
accountability for withdrawals that affect the balance of such 
accounts.
    The acknowledgments and commitments depositories would be required 
to make through proposed Sec. Sec.  1.20, 1.26, and 30.7 would provide 
additional protection for customer funds by, among other things, 
requiring depositories that accept customer funds to acknowledge that 
customer funds cannot be used to secure the FCM's obligations to the 
depository. Such an acknowledgment would provide additional protection 
of customer funds in the event of an FCM's default. In addition, 
depositories would agree in the acknowledgment letter to give the 
Commission and DSROs read-only electronic access to an FCM's segregated 
accounts, which would benefit customers by enabling the Commission and 
DSROs to monitor the accounts for discrepancies between the FCM's 
reports and the balances on deposit at various depositories. This would 
provide an additional mechanism by which customers would be protected 
against a shortfall in customer funds due to operational errors or 
fraud.
    Requiring FCMs to include foreign-domiciled investors' funds in 
segregated accounts ensures that all customers placing funds on deposit 
for use in trading foreign futures and foreign options will benefit 
from the same protections provided by the Act and Commission 
regulations. As discussed below, the Commission understands that most, 
if not all FCMs currently extend the same protections to U.S.-domiciled 
and to foreign-domiciled customers. However, incorporating foreign-
domiciled customers within the protections provided to 30.7 Customers 
places regulatory weight behind the protections and ensures that FCMs 
are not permitted to cut corners with respect to protecting foreign-
domiciled customers' funds during a time of financial strain. 
Similarly, eliminating the Alternative Method provides additional 
protection to customer funds by ensuring that FCMs are not allowed to 
reduce their segregation requirements for 30.7 Accounts during a time 
financial strain. As discussed below, this change would provide 
protection to both U.S-domiciled and foreign-domiciled customers with 
funds in 30.7 Accounts.
    The proposed provisions in Sec.  1.52 include additional 
requirements for both the supervisory program for SROs as well as for 
the formation of a Joint Audit Committee to oversee the implementation 
and operation of a Joint Audit Program that directs audits of FCMs by 
DSROs. By requiring both the SRO supervisory programs and the Joint 
Audit Program to comply with U.S. generally accepted audit standards, 
to develop written policies and procedures, to require controls testing 
as well as substantive testing, and to have an examinations expert 
review the programs at least once every two years, the proposed 
amendments would help to ensure that audits of FCMs by SROs or DSROs 
are thorough, effective, and continue to incorporate emerging best 
practices for such audits. As a consequence, the proposed amendments 
would help to ensure that audits are as effective as possible at 
identifying potential fraud, strengthening internal controls, and 
verifying the integrity of FCMs' financial reports, each of which tend 
to provide protection for FCMs' customers, counterparties, and 
investors.
    In addition the proposed Sec.  1.55 would require disclosure of 
firm-specific risks to customers. This additional information would 
assist them with due diligence when selecting an FCM and would help to 
ensure that they are aware of any changes at the FCM that could prompt 
them to reconsider their decision to deposit funds with the FCM. In 
doing so, the proposed rules would promote market discipline that 
incents FCMs to manage their risks carefully and would assist customers 
in understanding how their funds are held and what risks may be 
relevant to the safety of their funds.

Efficiency, Competitiveness and Financial Integrity of Futures Markets

    The proposed amendments would increase the efficiency and financial 
integrity of the futures markets by ensuring that FCMs have strong risk 
management controls that are subject to multiple and enhanced external 
checks, by enhancing reporting requirements, facilitating increased 
oversight by the Commission and DSROs, by allowing FCMs flexibility in 
the development of newly required policies and procedures wherever the 
Commission has determined that such flexibility is appropriate, and by 
requiring FCMs to implement training regarding the handling of customer 
funds. In addition, the proposed rules include some requirements that 
many industry participants have requested as necessary for the adequate 
protection of customers and also highlighted as best practices already 
adopted within the industry. Requiring such standards to be adopted by 
all FCMs will promote the competitiveness of futures markets by 
ensuring a level playing field at a minimum level necessary for the 
protection of customers, and not allowing any FCMs to, at the expense 
of customers, maintain an unfair competitive advantage to their 
counterparts who utilize best practices and may have such protections 
already in place. There are also provisions in the proposal that permit 
FCMs that are not broker-dealers to implement certain securities net 
capital haircuts that have been proposed to apply to jointly registered 
FCM/BDs by the SEC, which similarly enhances competition by keeping a 
level playing field between sole FCMs and jointly registered FCM/BDs 
with respect to such requirements.
    More specifically, the proposed amendments to Sec. Sec.  1.10, 
1.11, 1.12, 1.32,

[[Page 67901]]

22.2, and 30.7 would increase reporting requirements for FCMs related 
to segregated customer funds, including daily, bi-monthly, and 
additional event-triggered reports to the Commission and DSROs. The 
expanded range and frequency of information that the Commission and 
DSRO would receive under the proposed regulations would enhance their 
ability to monitor each FCM's segregated accounts, which would promote 
the integrity of futures markets by helping to ensure proper handling 
of customer funds at FCMs.
    In addition, the proposed changes would facilitate increased 
oversight by the Commission and DSROs by including additional 
notification requirements, obligating FCMs to alert the Commission when 
certain events occur that could indicate an FCM's financial strength is 
deteriorating or that important operational errors have occurred. Such 
notifications would enable the Commission and DSROs to increase 
monitoring of such FCMs to ensure that customer funds are handled 
properly in such circumstances. The proposed rules would also require 
FCMs and DCOs to obtain an acknowledgment letter from depositories that 
would give the Commission and DSROs electronic access to view customer 
accounts at each depository. That would enable both the Commission and 
DSROs to verify the presence of customer funds which would provide a 
safeguard against fraud and would promote the integrity of markets for 
futures, cleared options, and cleared swaps.
    The proposed rules would also require FCMs to establish policies 
and procedures regarding several aspects of how they handle customer 
funds. The rules would give FCMs the flexibility, where appropriate, to 
develop policies and procedures tailored to the unique composition of 
their customer base, size, and other operational disincentives. This 
flexible approach protects FCMs from additional regulatory compliance 
costs that could otherwise result from rules requiring every FCM to 
operate in exactly the same way without sacrificing the additional 
accountability that results from written policies and procedures that 
the Commission or DSRO can review and use as the basis for FCM audits.
    The proposed requirement that FCMs would provide annual training to 
all finance, treasury, operations, regulatory, compliance, settlement 
and other relevant employees regarding the segregation requirements for 
segregated funds, for notices under Sec.  1.12, procedures for 
reporting non-compliance, and the consequences of failing to comply 
with requirements for segregated funds, would enhance the integrity of 
the futures markets by promoting a culture of compliance by the FCM's 
personnel. The training would help to ensure that FCM employees 
understand the relevant policies and procedures, that they are 
empowered and incented to abide by them, and that they know how to 
report non-compliance to appropriate authorities.
    Last, the proposing form of the rule would allow FCMs that are not 
dual registrants (i.e., are not both FCMs and BDs) to follow the same 
procedures as dual registrants when determining what regulatory capital 
haircut applies to certain types of securities in which the FCM invests 
its own capital or customer funds. This proposed change is needed as 
the SEC has proposed a change for broker-dealers which would permit 
joint registrants to possibly apply a lower regulatory haircut for 
certain securities, but which would not be applicable to sole FCMs 
without the proposal. Therefore, the proposal would ensure that sole 
FCMs are not competitively disadvantaged and are able to continue 
applying the same regulatory capital haircuts for such securities as 
joint registrants.

Sound Risk Management

    The amendments proposed here, if adopted, would promote sound risk 
management by facilitating market discipline, enhancing internal 
controls, enabling the Commission and DSROs to monitor FCMs for 
compliance with those controls, by minimizing the risk that an FCM's 
financial strain could interfere with customers' ability to manage 
their positions, by requiring FCMs to notify the Commission in 
additional circumstances that could indicate emerging financial strain, 
and by requiring senior management to be involved in the process of 
setting targets for residual interest.
    The proposed reporting requirements would enhance market discipline 
by providing additional information to investors regarding the location 
of their funds, and the size of residual interest buffer that an FCM 
targets and maintains in its segregated accounts. This additional 
information would be valuable to customers selecting an FCM and 
monitoring the location of their funds deposited with the FCM which 
would promote market discipline. For example, if an FCM were to 
establish a low target for residual interest, or maintain a very low 
residual interest, market participants would likely recognize this as a 
practice that could increase risk to the funds they have on deposit at 
the FCM, and would likely either apply pressure to the FCM to raise 
their target, or take their business to a different FCM that maintains 
a larger residual interest in customer fund accounts. This market 
discipline would incent FCMs to maintain a level of residual interest 
that is adequate to ensure that a shortfall does not develop in the 
customer segregated accounts.
    The proposed rules would also enhance FCM internal controls by 
requiring them to establish a risk management program that includes 
policies and procedures related to various aspects of how segregated 
customer funds are handled. For example, FCMs would be required to 
establish procedures for continual monitoring of depositories where 
segregated customer funds are held, and would have to establish a 
process for evaluating the marketability, liquidity, and accuracy of 
pricing for Sec.  1.25 compliant investments.
    In addition, documented policies and procedures would benefit the 
FCM customers and the public by providing the Commission and DSROs 
greater ability to monitor and enforce procedures that FCMs perform to 
ensure that the protection of customer funds is achieved, with the 
effect that the Commission would have a greater ability to address and 
protect against operational errors and fraud that put customer funds at 
risk of loss.
    Further, through the proposed amendments to Sec.  1.17(a)(4), FCMs 
will need to manage their access to liquidity so as to be able to 
certify to the Commission, at its request, that they have sufficient 
access to liquidity to continue operating as a going concern. This 
proposal will provide the Commission with the flexibility to deal with 
emerging liquidity drains at FCMs which may endanger customers, 
potentially prior to instances of regulatory capital non-compliance, 
allowing customer positions and funds to be transferred intact and 
quickly to another FCM. This change would promote sound risk management 
practices by helping to ensure that customers maintain control of their 
positions without interruption.
    The proposed additions to notification requirements established in 
Sec.  1.12 would enhance the Commission's ability to identify 
situations that could lead to financial strain for the FCM, which makes 
it possible for the Commission to monitor further developments with 
that FCM more carefully and to begin planning earlier for the 
possibility that the FCM's customer positions may need to be 
transferred to other FCMs, in the event

[[Page 67902]]

that the FCM currently holding those positions defaults. Advance notice 
helps to ensure customers' positions are protected by enabling the 
Commission to work closely with DCOs and DSROs to identify other FCMs 
that have requisite capital to meet regulatory requirements if they 
were to take on additional customer positions, thus facilitating smooth 
transition of those positions in the event that it is necessary.
    Last, residual interest is an important aspect of protection for 
customer funds because it enables the FCM to ensure that it can meet 
all customer obligations at any time without using another customer's 
funds to do so. In general, the larger the residual interest, the more 
secure customer funds are in this respect. By requiring that senior 
management set the target for residual interest, and that they conduct 
adequate due diligence in order to inform that decision, the proposed 
rule promotes both informed decision making about this important form 
of protection, and accountability among senior management for this 
decision, both of which are consistent with sound risk management 
practices.

Other Public Interest Considerations

    As discussed above, the recent failures of MF Global and Peregrine, 
FCMs to which customers have entrusted their funds, sparked a crisis of 
confidence regarding the security of those funds. This crisis in 
confidence could deter market participants from using regulated, 
transparent markets and clearing which would create additional costs 
for market participants and losses in efficiency and safety that could 
create additional burdens for the public. The Commission anticipates 
that this rule will not only address the current crisis of confidence, 
but that it will produce benefits for the public by virtue of avoiding 
similar defaults in the future.
    These proposed amendments are not, however, without costs. The most 
significant costs created by the proposed amendments are those that 
increase the amount of capital that FCMs would be required to 
contribute to segregated accounts as part of establishing a target for 
their residual interest, incent them to hold additional capital, 
prevent them from holding excess segregated funds overseas, and that 
are created operationally by the formation of a risk management unit 
and adoption of new policies and procedures.
    Multiple proposed changes would incent or require FCMs to increase 
the amount of residual interest that they maintain in segregated 
accounts including: (1) Requiring FCMs to establish a target for 
residual interest that reflects proper due diligence on the part of 
senior management; (2) disclosing the FCMs' targeted residual interest 
publicly; and (3) requiring them to report to the Commission and their 
DSRO any time their residual interest drops below that target. In 
addition by restricting FCMs' ability to withdraw residual interest 
from segregated accounts and obligating FCMs to report to the 
Commission and their respective DSRO each time the residual interest 
drops below the target, the proposed regulations would incent FCMs to 
hold additional capital, which is also likely to be a significant cost.
    When FCMs hold excess customer funds overseas, such funds will 
likely be held at depositories that are themselves subject to foreign 
insolvency regimes, which may provide protections for customer funds 
that are less effective than those applicable under U.S. law. By 
prohibiting FCMs from holding excess customer funds overseas, the 
proposed regulations could reduce the returns that FCMs may obtain on 
invested customer funds.
    And last, the proposed requirements related to operational 
procedures are likely to create significant costs, particularly related 
to creating and documenting policies and procedures, as well as 
complying with ongoing training, due diligence, and audit requirements. 
However, in several cases the implementation costs of proposed changes 
would be minimal. For example, some proposed requirements would 
obligate FCMs to provide the Commission and DSROs more regular access 
to information that FCMs and their depositories are already required to 
maintain, or in some cases are already reporting to their DSROs. The 
Commission also anticipates that some of the changes proposed codify 
best practices for risk management that many FCMs and DCOs may already 
follow. In such cases, the costs of compliance would be mitigated by 
the compliance programs or best practices that the firm already has in 
place. Moreover, in other cases the proposed changes codify practices 
that are already required by SROs, and therefore would impose no 
additional costs.
    The initial and ongoing costs of the proposed rules for FCMs would 
vary significantly depending on the size of each FCM, the policies and 
procedures that they already have in place, and the frequency with 
which they experience certain events that would create additional costs 
under the proposed rules. The Commission estimates that the initial 
operational cost \96\ of implementing the proposed rules would be 
between $193,000 and $1,850,000 per FCM.\97\ And the initial cost to 
the SROs and DSROs would be between $41,100 and $63,500 per SRO or 
DSRO. The Commission estimates that the ongoing operational cost to 
FCMs would be between $287,000 and $2,300,000 per FCM per year.\98\ As 
described below in Sec.  1.52, the Commission does not have adequate 
information to determine the ongoing cost of the proposed requirements 
for SROs and DSROs.
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    \96\ The Commission is not able to quantify the costs that would 
result from increased residual interest held in customer segregated 
accounts, from increased capital held by the FCM, or from lost 
investment opportunities due to restrictions on the amount of funds 
that may be held overseas. The Commission does not have sufficient 
data to estimate the amount of additional residual interest FCMs are 
likely to need as a consequence of proposed, the amount of 
additional capital they may hold for operational purposes, the cost 
of capital for FCMs, or the opportunity costs FCMs may experience 
because of restrictions on the amount of customer funds they can 
hold overseas, each of which would be necessary in order to estimate 
such costs.
    \97\ The lower bound assumes an FCM requires the minimum 
estimated number of personnel hours to be compliant with these new 
rules and that, when possible, they already have policies, 
procedures, and systems in place that would satisfy the proposed 
requirements. The upper bound assumes an FCM requires the maximum 
amount of personnel hours and do not have pre-existing policies, 
procedures, and systems in place that would satisfy the proposed 
requirements. The greatest amount of variation within in the range 
would depend on the number of new depositories an FCM must establish 
relationships with due to current depositories that would not be 
willing to sign the required acknowledgment letter. The lower bound 
assumes that an FCM does not need to establish any new relationships 
with depositories. The Commission estimates that the largest FCMs 
may have as many as 30 depositories, and as a conservative estimate, 
the Commission assumes for the upper bound that an FCM would have to 
establish new relationships with 15 depositories.
    \98\ As above, the lower bound assumes that an FCM requires the 
minimum estimated number of personnel hours to be compliant and that 
for event-triggered costs, the FCM bears the minimum number of 
possible events. The upper bound assumes an FCM requires the maximum 
number of personnel hours to be compliant. It also assumes an FCM 
has to notify the Commission pursuant to the proposed amendments in 
Sec.  1.12 five times per year, and that an FCM withdraws funds from 
residual interest for proprietary use 50 times per year. The 
estimate does not include additional costs that would result if FCMs 
increase the amount of residual interest or capital that they hold 
in response to the proposed rules, or certain operational costs that 
the Commission does not have sufficient information to estimate.
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    In the sections that follow, the Commission considers the costs and 
benefits of the proposed changes, section by section, in light of the 
relevant 15(a) public interest, cost-benefit considerations.

[[Page 67903]]

Consideration of Costs and Benefits Related to Proposed Changes in Each 
Section

Sec.  1.3(rr)--Definition of ``Foreign Futures or Foreign Options 
Secured Amount''
Proposed Changes
    As described above in II.R, the proposed amendments to Sec.  
1.3(rr) would replace the term ``foreign futures or foreign options 
customers'' with the term ``30.7 Customers.'' The former only includes 
U.S.-domiciled customers, whereas the term ``30.7 Customers'' includes 
both U.S.-domiciled and foreign-domiciled customers who place funds in 
the care of an FCM for trading on foreign boards of trade. This change 
expands the range of funds that the FCM must include as part of the 
foreign options or foreign futures secured amount.
    In addition, the definition of ``foreign futures or foreign options 
secured amount'' currently means ``all money, securities and property 
held by or held for or on behalf of a futures commission merchant from, 
for, or on behalf of foreign futures or foreign options customers as 
defined in Sec.  30.1.'' The proposed definition would change the 
meaning of ``foreign futures or foreign options secured amount'' so 
that it is equal to the amount of funds an FCM needs in order to 
satisfy the full account balances of each of its customers at all 
times. This definitional change supports the shift in Sec.  30.7 from 
the ``Alternative Method'' to the ``Net Liquidating Equity Method'' of 
calculating the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount.
Benefits and Costs
    These definitional changes would determine what funds are 
considered part of the ``foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amount.'' However, the costs and benefits of these changes are 
attributable to the substantive requirements related to the definitions 
and, therefore, are discussed in the cost and benefit considerations 
related to Sec.  30.7.
Sec.  1.10--Financial Reports of Futures Commission Merchants and 
Introducing Brokers
Proposed Changes
    As described above in II.A, the proposed amendments would make four 
changes. First, they would amend the 1-FR-FCM to create a new schedule 
called the ``Cleared Swap Segregation Schedule'' that would be included 
in the FCM's monthly report, together with the Segregation Schedule and 
Secured Amount Schedule. Second, it would make the Cleared Swap 
Segregation Schedule a public document.\99\ Third, the proposed 
amendments would require each of the Schedules to include the FCM's 
target for residual interest in the accounts relevant to that Schedule, 
as well as a calculation of any surplus or deficit in residual interest 
with respect to that target. And fourth, the proposed rule would 
require each FCM to submit to the Commission a monthly statement 
reporting the FCM's leverage.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \99\ The Segregation Schedule and Secured Amount Schedule are 
already public documents.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Benefits
    The proposal to include target residual interest and monthly 
calculation of the deviation from that target on the monthly Schedules 
provides important benefits with respect to the safety of customer 
funds. The data in the reports is public information. Public disclosure 
incentivizes FCMs to set a reasonable target for residual interest. 
Under proposed regulations, FCMs would have to notify the Commission 
and their respective DSRO each time they drop below their targeted 
residual interest, which gives them an incentive to set a low target, 
even if they intend to keep more residual interest in their accounts. 
However, by disclosing an FCM's targeted residual interest to the 
public, the proposed rule would enable customers and potential 
customers of an FCM to incorporate the size of the FCM's targeted 
residual interest, and the corresponding amount of protection to 
customers' funds provided by that level of residual interest, into 
their selection of an FCM. Holding all other considerations constant, 
FCMs that have higher targets relative to their segregation 
requirements would presumably be more attractive to customers than FCMs 
that target smaller levels of residual interest relative to their 
segregation requirements because of the additional protection of 
customer funds it provides. This additional information permits 
customers to weigh this consideration along with considerations of 
price in selecting an FCM. Last, by requiring FCMs to report their 
leverage monthly, the proposed amendments would assist the Commission 
in monitoring each FCM's overall risk profile, which would help the 
Commission to identify FCMs that should be monitored more closely for 
further developments that could weaken their financial position.
Costs
    As stated above, all else equal, by requiring FCMs to include their 
residual interest target in the monthly report, and by making the 
contents of those reports public, the proposed rule would incent FCMs 
to set a higher target for their residual interest in customer 
segregated funds. However, maintaining a larger targeted residual 
interest would create some costs for FCMs. Proprietary funds deposited 
into customer segregated accounts by an FCM are only allowed to be 
invested in Sec.  1.25 investments and, therefore, are not available 
for other investments. In addition, placing additional capital in the 
customer segregated accounts reduces the amount of capital that an FCM 
has to meet operational needs, which would likely prompt the firm to 
raise or retain additional capital. Estimating the lost revenue that 
would result from the investment opportunities an FCM misses is not 
possible because the Commission is not able to estimate either the 
amount of increased residual interest that an FCM would, on average, 
maintain as the result of this proposed change, or the differential in 
return on investment between FCM funds placed into customer segregated 
accounts versus proprietary funds not held in such accounts. Similarly 
the Commission does not have adequate information to determine the 
average cost of capital for FCMs or the amount of additional capital 
that they would likely raise or retain as a consequence of this 
proposed change. The proposed requirement regarding monthly leverage 
statements will require FCMs to produce an additional report each 
month. The Commission anticipates that each FCM will incur a one-time 
cost in order to modify their systems to create the report, and then 
ongoing costs will be negligible because the report is likely to be 
automated. The Commission estimates that the one-time setup costs are 
likely to be between $2,800 and $5,700.\100\
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    \100\ This assumes 40-80 hours of time from both a programmer 
and 20-40 hours from an intermediate accountant. The average 
compensation for a programmer is $53.64/hour [$82,518 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 = $53.64/hour]; $53.64*40= $2,145.47 and 
$53.64*80= $4,290.94. The average compensation for an intermediate 
accountant is $34.11/hour [$52,484.00 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $34.11per hour]; $34.11*20= $682.29 and $34.11*40= 
$1,364.58. All figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on 
Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Requests for Comment \101\
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    \101\ The Commission has numbered its questions throughout the 
Cost Benefit Considerations section. When responding to specific 
questions, please reference the number of the question. In addition, 
commenters should provide analysis and empirical data to support 
their views on the costs and benefits associated with the proposed 
rule, and should provide information to the Commission that would 
enable it to replicate and verify any quantitative estimates.
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    Question 1: The Commission requests comment regarding the costs and

[[Page 67904]]

benefits of these proposed rules, including making residual interest 
targets public information. Please explain and, if possible, quantify 
the relevant costs and benefits.
    Question 2: In addition, the Commission requests comment regarding 
the costs and benefits that would result from providing each FCM's 
daily calculation of residual interest public. Would the disclosure of 
an FCM's daily calculations of residual interest pose a risk to such 
FCM, the markets, to customers, or the public? If so, please explain. 
Or, conversely, would a lack of disclosure exacerbate risks to FCM 
customers or the public? If so, please explain.
    Question 3: Market participants have suggested that additional 
information from FCMs' daily, bi-monthly, and monthly reports should be 
disclosed to the public. What alternatives should the Commission 
consider in this respect? What would be the costs and benefits of that 
alternative?
    Question 4: In addition, the Commission requests information or 
data that would assist the Commission in quantifying the cost to FCMs 
of placing additional proprietary funds into the customer segregated 
account and the benefit to customers of having such additional funds in 
the segregated accounts.
Sec.  1.11 Risk Management Program for Futures Commission Merchants
Proposed Changes
    As discussed in II.B above, proposed Sec.  1.11 would require an 
FCM that carries accounts for customers to establish a risk management 
unit that is independent from the business unit and reports directly to 
senior management. In addition, it would require each FCM to establish 
and document a risk management program, approved by the governing body 
of the FCM, that, at a minimum: (a) Identifies risks and establishes 
risk tolerance limits related to various risks that are approved by 
senior management; (b) includes policies and procedures for detecting 
breaches of risk tolerance limits, and for reporting them to senior 
management; (c) provides risk exposure reports quarterly and whenever a 
material change in the risk exposure of the FCM is identified; (d) 
includes annual review and testing of the risk management program; and 
(e) meets specific requirements related to segregation risk, 
operational risk, and capital risk.
    Regarding segregation risk, the proposed rule would require that 
each FCM must establish written policies and procedures that require, 
at a minimum: (1) Documented criteria for selecting depositories that 
would hold segregated funds; (2) a program to monitor depositories on 
an ongoing basis; (3) an account opening process that ensures the 
depository acknowledges that funds in the account are customers' funds 
before any deposits are made to the account, and that also ensures 
accounts are titled appropriately; (4) a process for determining a 
residual interest target for the FCM that involves due diligence from 
senior management; (5) a process for the withdrawal of an FCM's 
residual interest when such a withdrawal is not made for the benefit of 
the FCM's customers; (6) a process for determining the appropriateness 
of investing funds in Sec.  1.25 compliant investments; (7) procedures 
to assure that securities and other non-cash collateral held as 
segregated funds are properly valued and readily marketable and highly 
liquid; (8) procedures that help to ensure appropriate separation of 
duties between those who account for funds and are responsible for 
statutory and regulatory compliance vs. those who act in other 
capacities with the company (e.g., those who are responsible for 
treasury functions); (9) a process for the timely recording of all 
transactions; and (10) a program for annual training of FCM employees 
regarding the requirements for handling customer funds.
    The proposed rule would require automated financial risk management 
controls that address operational risk, and written procedures 
reasonably designed to ensure that an FCM has sufficient capital to be 
in compliance with the Act and regulations and to meet its liquidity 
needs for the foreseeable future.
Benefits
    Establishing a risk management unit with adequate authority; 
qualified personnel; and financial, operational and other resources to 
carry out the Risk Management Program would enhance protection of 
customer funds by mitigating the risk that the effectiveness of the 
Program is compromised by a lack of resources. Moreover, separation of 
the Risk Management Unit from the Business Unit mitigates the risk that 
conflicts of interest could interfere with the effectiveness of the 
risk management unit in avoiding situations that may lead to a loss of 
customer funds.
    Furthermore, by requiring that the risk management unit report 
directly to senior management, Sec.  1.11(d) would help ensure that the 
risk management unit's operations and concerns receive prompt attention 
from personnel who are able to address any problems that arise, and 
also minimizes the risk that conflicts of interest could cause a 
breakdown in communications that undermines the effectiveness of the 
risk management unit or the Risk Management Program. Each of these 
elements, by promoting the risk management unit's effectiveness, would 
help to ensure that the unit will identify and address emerging risks 
before such risks threaten the health of the FCM or the security of 
segregated customer funds.
    The Commission believes the establishment of the proposed risk 
management program would provide several benefits to FCMs, customers, 
and the public, in particular with respect to the protection of 
customer funds.
    a. The proposed requirement for FCMs to establish, as part of their 
risk management program, specific risk tolerance limits, would provide 
additional protection to FCMs by helping to ensure that they have a 
system in place to identify emergent risks to the business. By 
requiring an underlying methodology for establishing the limits, the 
proposed rule would promote reasoned decision making regarding the 
limits as they are set and updated. Quarterly review of the risk limits 
by senior management and annual review by the Governing Body would help 
to ensure that limits are current as the market, business, and customer 
base evolve, and also provide accountability for periodic evaluation of 
such risks at the most senior levels of the organization, which helps 
to ensure that senior leaders are proactively discussing and addressing 
the full range of risks that are facing the business. As a consequence, 
these measures would help ensure that an FCM is taking whatever steps 
are necessary in order to reduce and mitigate the effects of emerging 
risks. Moreover, customer funds held at the FCM may face elevated risk 
of loss due to misuse or operational errors during times of financial 
strain at the FCM. By protecting the health of the FCM, the proposed 
requirements mitigate the risk that financial strain at the FCM would 
lead to a loss of customer funds that it holds.
    b. By requiring policies and procedures for detecting breaches of 
the risk tolerance limits and notifying appropriate personnel, the 
proposed

[[Page 67905]]

rule would promote objectivity when monitoring of each risk that the 
policies address, thus mitigating the risk that poor individual 
judgment could cause important emerging risks to go unnoticed, or could 
prevent proper personnel from being notified, leading to a loss of 
customer funds.
    c. The contents of the proposed Risk Exposure Reports would help to 
ensure that attention is regularly given to an evaluation of each risk 
that is covered in the FCM's Risk Management Program and that senior 
management and the Governing Body of the FCM are made aware of the 
findings. They will also help to ensure that the Risk Management 
Program is continuously updated to reflect changing risks that face the 
business by requiring recommendations to be included in such reports, 
which promotes the effectiveness of the Program in protecting customer 
funds. Moreover, status updates on any incomplete implementation of 
previous recommendations from such reports provide accountability at 
the most senior levels of the FCM regarding implementation of 
initiatives to improve the Program.
    d. Similar to above, review and testing of the risk management 
program on an annual basis as well as whenever there is a material 
change in the business, would help to ensure that the Risk Management 
Program continues to evolve as the risks facing the business evolve, 
thus promoting the effectiveness of the program, which in turn, would 
help protect the FCM. By requiring an analysis of adherence to the 
program the proposed requirement would promote compliance with it. And 
requiring the review and testing to be conducted by staff that are 
independent of the Business Unit or by an external third party promotes 
objectivity and rigor in the findings that would result, and requiring 
senior management and the Governing Body of the FCM to review the 
findings promptly helps to ensure that any breaches of compliance or 
other findings of the review are addressed promptly and effectively. As 
above, each of these elements promotes protection for the FCM, which in 
turn, reduces the likelihood that risk to the FCM could cause elevated 
risk of operational errors that could result in a loss of customer 
funds.
    e. Regarding segregation risk, the requirements set forth in 
proposed Sec.  1.11 would benefit customers and the financial integrity 
of markets by requiring FCMs to implement rigorous internal controls 
designed to detect and mitigate the risk that operational errors or 
fraud could lead to a loss of customer funds. More specifically, and as 
discussed above, proposed Sec.  1.11 requires FCMs to establish written 
policies and procedures that address 12 components of segregation risk. 
The Commission addresses each of those components below.
    1. Proposed Sec.  1.11(e)(3)(i)(A) would establish a minimum set of 
factors that the FCM would have to incorporate into its due diligence 
standards and depositories would have to meet those standards in order 
to be eligible to be selected by the FCM to hold customer segregated 
funds. As a consequence, customers would have greater clarity about 
what factors were considered as their FCM selected individual 
depositories, leading to market discipline that encourages the 
protection of customer funds.
    Documenting the process would enable regulators to review and audit 
for rigor of the process and adherence to it. Such documentation would 
help regulators identify risk creating operational patterns or errors 
that could increase risk to customer funds before those risks are 
realized. In addition, documenting such criteria helps to ensure that 
the depository is evaluated against substantive criteria that are 
relevant to the safety of customer funds held by the depository as a 
precondition for placing customer funds there. The proposed 
requirement, by specifying certain criteria that must be included in 
the FCM's policies and procedures, would also promote market discipline 
by giving customers clarity about what factors, at a minimum, are 
considered as part of the FCM's program for evaluating potential 
depositories.
    Together, these benefits help to ensure that the FCM and depository 
have developed and adhere to procedures that minimize risk to customer 
funds, which reduces the risk that an FCM would experience a shortfall 
in their customer segregated funds account.
    2. Regulation 1.11(e)(3)(i)(B) would require each FCM to establish 
a program to monitor depositories on an ongoing basis. This would 
mitigate the risk of loss of customer funds resulting from depository 
default or malfeasance because FCMs would be better able to discern 
emerging problems at the depository in time to move such funds to 
another depository before the customer segregated funds are affected. 
In addition, as above, documenting such a program would enable the 
Commission and DSRO to evaluate the FCM's diligence in monitoring its 
depositories by auditing the FCM's compliance with its own procedures 
in this respect, which would again lead to more effective protection of 
customer funds.
    3. The proposal makes it clear that before an FCM is permitted to 
deposit any customer segregated funds at a depository, the depository 
must agree that, if instructed to do so by the Director of DSIO or the 
Director of DCR, it will make such transfers without delay. Requiring 
the acknowledgment letter to be signed before any funds are deposited 
removes uncertainty about whether the depository has been put on notice 
that it is required to move funds without delay when directed by the 
Director of DSIO or the Director of DCR. In the event of a default by 
an FCM, the Commission and relevant DCOs would immediately move 
customer funds in order to move open positions to a different FCM.
    4. The proposal requires senior management to conduct due diligence 
to understand various factors that could impact the amount of residual 
interest that would be prudent to maintain in the segregated funds 
account, and then reach a determination about a targeted amount. The 
benefit of such a requirement is that it would protect customer funds 
by creating accountability for senior management. Requiring such due 
diligence helps ensure that senior management is attentive to the 
causes of segregated funds account underfunding. The requirement allows 
both flexibility and accountability in that it allows FCMs to account 
for relevant factors that vary across firms when determining an 
appropriate target, rather than requiring all FCMs to maintain a common 
target for residual interest. However, by requiring them to establish 
such a target and to conduct due diligence in doing so, it allows the 
Commission and DSROs to audit the FCMs to ensure that they reached 
their target through a reasoned decision-making process, and ensures 
that the respective boards approve and are responsible for the target.
    Maintaining a target enhances market discipline by creating public 
accountability for an FCM. It communicates to customers that the FCM 
intends to maintain a certain residual interest in the account, and 
gives customers an opportunity to consider, when selecting an FCM, the 
additional security that varied levels of residual interest may provide 
for their funds.
    5. A process for the withdrawal of residual interest that is not 
for the benefit of customers would help to ensure good communication 
and that senior managers are appropriately involved in the decision to 
remove

[[Page 67906]]

residual interest from segregated customer accounts. Good 
communication, deliberate decision-making, and proper involvement of 
senior managers would promote accountability when an FCM is removing 
residual interest. These benefits are particularly important at times 
when FCMs experience financial stress because good communication, 
deliberate decision-making, and proper involvement of senior management 
in decisions related to residual interest may be more likely to fail at 
such times, creating risk to segregated customer funds. By requiring 
FCMs to establish and follow procedures for withdrawals of residual 
interest, the rule would help to ensure that such failures do not 
occur.
    An additional, related benefit is that by ensuring proper 
communication with and approval from relevant senior managers before 
such withdrawals occur, the proposed changes would enhance 
accountability among those managers for decisions that could create 
risk for segregated customer funds.
    6. FCMs have a range of potential investments that are compliant 
with Sec.  1.25. By requiring FCMs to establish a process for deciding 
how to invest those funds, the requirement would provide the Commission 
and DSRO with a standard by which such investment decisions could be 
judged, which would help prevent the FCM from investing primarily in 
the least credit-worthy Sec.  1.25 investments. FCMs have an incentive 
to invest customer funds in Sec.  1.25 compliant investments that offer 
the highest rate of return possible, but it is possible that the Sec.  
1.25 investments offering the highest rates of return are also less 
credit-worthy or less liquid than other Sec.  1.25 investments. 
Requiring FCMs to set up, document and follow a process for assessing 
the appropriateness of investing segregated funds in Sec.  1.25 
investments ensures that FCMs take steps not only to determine whether 
an investment complies with Sec.  1.25 as required by current 
regulation, but that the investment is also evaluated with respect to 
any risk it may pose to the FCM's primary responsibilities of 
preserving principal and maintaining liquidity when handling customer 
funds. In other words, this provision would help to prevent the 
possibility of a ``race to the bottom'' for FCMs investing in Sec.  
1.25 compliant assets.
    7. If the FCM is not able to get accurate pricing for Sec.  1.25 
assets, it is difficult to know whether or not sufficient funds are in 
the segregated account. A shortage (and thus, in the event of 
insolvency, a loss of customer funds) could occur simply because the 
FCM can't accurately estimate the value of the assets that are there, 
or it could also make it easier for the FCM to intentionally skew their 
reports regarding funds in the customer segregated accounts by making 
favorable assumptions about the value of assets that are difficult to 
price. Requiring the FCM to establish a program for assessing the ease 
of pricing for Sec.  1.25 assets helps reduce these risks and gives the 
Commission and DSRO an opportunity to understand the FCM's procedures 
and to enforce the FCM's compliance with them. This, in turn, promotes 
reasoned and disciplined decision-making with respect to the FCM's 
investment of customer funds in Sec.  1.25 investments. Establishing 
procedures to evaluate the liquidity of Sec.  1.25 instruments will 
help FCMs minimize the risk of such problems.
    8. Appropriate internal controls are critical to the prevention of 
fraud. The Commission understands that FCMs typically require that 
certain duties are performed by separate people or separate groups of 
people in order to ensure that a proper system of checks and 
verification remains in place.\102\ In particular, FCMs generally 
ensure that the individuals responsible for reporting and associated 
calculations are separate from the individuals responsible for 
operational transfers of funds. In the absence of such internal 
controls, one person or group of people with access to both movement 
and reporting of funds could transfer funds and then, for a time, hide 
those transfers from senior management, auditors, and the public.
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    \102\ See ``Initial Recommendations for Customer Funds 
Protection'' by the FIA Futures Markets Financial Integrity Task 
Force.
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    The proposed rule would help protect customer funds by establishing 
a regulatory requirement that all FCMs develop procedures to ensure 
that the individuals responsible for calculating and reporting 
segregation account requirements and segregation account funds do not 
share duties with those who are responsible for transferring or 
investing segregated funds. This should result in controls to prevent 
fraudulent fund transfers.
    9. The Commission regulations already require timely recording of 
transactions in Sec.  1.35(b), but this proposed addition would require 
that FCMs develop written policies and procedures ensure that they have 
a consistent process to achieve that outcome. Again, requiring FCMs to 
document their procedures helps protect customer funds by enabling the 
Commission and DSROs to audit for compliance, detecting and preventing 
operational issues that could pose risk to customer funds before those 
risks result in an actual loss to customer funds.
    10. Proper training of employees would help to ensure that 
employees understand the written procedures regarding segregated funds. 
The proposed training requirement provides flexibility for an FCM to 
determine whether it should develop the required training in house, or 
to pay a vendor to develop a training program. Training regarding the 
requirements of the Act and Commission regulations regarding handling 
customer funds will help to ensure that employees understand how the 
procedures and requirements related to customer funds apply to various 
situations they face in their work for the FCM. Training regarding the 
second and third points mentioned above will help to ensure that the 
Commission and DSRO are notified promptly whenever any of the 
circumstances covered in Sec.  1.12 occur, or whenever there is a 
breach of the FCM's own policies and procedures, even if the 
circumstances in Sec.  1.12 have not occurred. Moreover, by requiring 
broad participation in training focused on these points, the proposed 
requirement would protect customer funds by encouraging a culture of 
accountability and transparency through self-disclosure. Training 
regarding the consequences of failing to comply will help to ensure 
that employees understand the seriousness with which the Commission 
regards violation of these standards, thereby providing an incentive to 
diligently adhere to them. In addition, requiring FCMs to provide the 
training annually helps ensure that the critical content of this 
training is not lost due to the passing of time, or employee turnover.
    In addition, by requiring automated financial risk management 
controls, the proposed Risk Management Program would reduce operational 
risk that could result from ``fat finger'' errors when submitting 
trades, or from technological ``glitches'' using automated trading. 
Several events have demonstrated that such operational risks are 
difficult to predict, tend to emerge so quickly that non-automated 
forms of risk management may not be able to contain them, and can 
threaten an FCM's continued viability. Automated controls would help to 
reduce these operational risks, thereby providing additional protection 
to FCMs and mitigating the risk of loss to customer funds.
    Last, by requiring an FCM to develop and implement written policies 
that ensure it has sufficient capital and liquidity not only to comply 
with the

[[Page 67907]]

Act and Commission regulations but also to meet its foreseeable needs, 
the proposed rule would promote reasoned decision making regarding 
capital retention and allocation decisions because such decisions would 
have to be made according to the established policies and procedures, 
weighing the factors and inputs included therein. Moreover, written 
procedures could be used by the Commission and relevant SROs as the 
basis for audits to check for compliance with such procedures, which 
would help the Commission and relevant SRO identify operational 
problems that could lead to loss of customer funds.
    In many cases the proposed rules provide flexibility to FCMs by 
requiring that they develop and document their own policies and 
procedures rather than prescribing specific procedures for them. In so 
doing, the proposal gives FCMs an opportunity to tailor policies and 
procedures that accommodate their specific needs and operational 
patterns, which may vary from one FCM to another based on differences 
in their size, involvement in specific markets, and the characteristics 
of their investor base. This approach is likely to be less costly for 
FCMs when compared to the alternative of a more prescriptive approach 
because it is less likely to require changes to operational patterns if 
existing procedures are adequate to provide the same protections to 
customer funds. In addition, the flexibility of this approach benefits 
market participants and customers alike because it is the FCM that is 
in the best position to define the precise form of internal controls 
that will best protect customer funds from operational errors and 
fraud.
    In addition, as suggested above, requiring FCMs to document their 
policies and procedures regarding their Risk Management Program would 
enable the Commission and DSRO to audit for operational problems that 
could put customer funds at risk before those risks turn into actual 
losses. This would strengthen the critical first line of defense 
against operational errors and fraud.
Costs
    The risk management unit, required by the proposed rule, would 
create certain personnel costs. The Commission estimates that such a 
unit would require between one and ten full-time staff depending on the 
size and complexity of the FCM. Therefore, the Commission estimates 
that the annual cost for the risk management unit would be between 
$171,000 and $1,934,000.\103\
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    \103\ This assumes 2,000-10,000 hours per year from compliance 
attorneys (i.e., 1-5 full time compliance attorneys) and 0-10,000 
hours per year from a senior risk management specialist (i.e., 0-5 
full time senior risk management specialists). The average 
compensation for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*2000 = 
$170,693.90 and $85.35*10,000 = $853,469.50. The average 
compensation for a senior risk management specialist is $83.13/hour 
[$166,251.00 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $83.13 per hour]; 
$83.13*0 = $0 and $83.13*10,000 = $1,080,631.50.
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    There are costs associated with the Risk Management Program 
proposed in Sec.  1.11.
    a. Each FCM would likely have to review its operations, business 
model, market conditions, customer base, and a number of other factors 
in order to identify the risks that it should be monitoring. In 
addition, each FCM would have to develop and document methodologies for 
establishing risk tolerance limits for each risk that they choose to 
monitor. Last, for each FCM, the risks and proposed limits for those 
risks would have to be reviewed and approved quarterly by its senior 
management and annually by the board. The Commission estimates that the 
initial cost for identifying relevant risks and developing and 
documenting methodologies for establishing thresholds would be between 
$28,800 and $68,400.\104\ The ongoing cost for reviewing the risks and 
limits and approving them would be between $27,900 and $99,700 per 
year.\105\
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    \104\ For initial costs, this estimates initial costs of 50-250 
hours from compliance attorneys, 10-100 hours from risk management 
personnel, 36 hours (total) of time from the board, and 10-20 hours 
each from the CEO, CFO, COO, and CCO. The average compensation for a 
compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*50 = $4,267.35 and 
$85.35*250 = $21,336.77. The average compensation for a risk 
management specialist is $65.33/hour [$100,500 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 is $65.33 per hour]; $65.33*10 = $653.25 and 
$65.33*100 = $6,532.50. The average compensation for a member of a 
firm's board of directors is estimated by the Commission to be 
$200.00/hour [$100,000 per year/(500 hours per year) is $200 per 
hour]; $200.00*36 = $7,200.00. The average compensation for a chief 
executive officer is estimated by the Commission to be $650.00/hour 
[$1,000,000 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $650.00 per hour]; 
$650.00*10 = $6,500.00 and $650.00*20 = $13,000. The average 
compensation for both a chief financial officer and a chief 
operations officer is estimated by the Commission to be $455.00/hour 
[$700,000 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; 
$455.00*10 = $4,550.00 and $455.00*20 = $9,100.00. The average 
compensation for a chief compliance officer is $110.97/hour [ 
$170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; 
$110.97*10 = $3,329.18 and $110.97*20 = $11,097.26.
    \105\ For ongoing costs, this estimates annual costs of 20-200 
hours from compliance attorneys, 50-300 hours from risk management 
personnel, 48 hours (total) of time from the board, and 8-32 hours 
each from CEO, CFO, COO, and CCO. Using the same compensation 
figures listed above, this is $85.35 *20 = $1,706.94 and $85.35*200 
= $17,069.39 for a compliance attorney; $65.33*50 = $3266.25 and 
$65.33*300 = $19,597.50 for a risk management specialist; $200.00*48 
= $9,600.00 for the board; $650.00*8 = $5,200.00 and $650.00*32 = 
$20,800.00 for the CEO; $455.00*8 = $3,640.00 and $455.00*32 = 
$14,560.00 for both the CFO and COO; and $110.97*8 = $887.78 and 
$110.97*32 = $3,551.12 for the CCO. The compensations of an average 
CEO and CFO are estimates by the Commission; the compensation of the 
board of directors is based on the average compensation of the 
boards of several large FCMs. All other figures are taken from the 
2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional Earnings in the 
Securities Industry.
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    b. Developing these policies and procedures for detecting breaches 
of the risk tolerance limits and notifying appropriate personnel would 
create an initial cost, but little ongoing cost since most of the 
monitoring costs are included in other elements (quarterly reports, 
annual audits, etc.). The Commission estimates that the initial cost to 
develop these policies and procedures is between $3,400 and 
$6,800.\106\
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    \106\ This estimates 40-80 hours of time from a compliance 
attorney. The average compensation for a compliance attorney is 
$85.35/hour [$131,303 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 
per hour]; $85.35*40 = $3,413.88 and $85.35*80 = $6,827.76. These 
figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and 
Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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    c. Many of the activities necessary for completing the quarterly 
review of risk thresholds will overlap with the activities necessary 
for completing the Risk Exposure Reports. However, some additional time 
will be required to compile the Report and to incorporate information 
that is distinct from that which is required for the quarterly review 
of risk thresholds. In addition, the FCM's board and senior management 
are obligated to review the report. Therefore, the Commission estimates 
that each Risk Exposure Report will cost between $8,800 and $13,300 per 
year.\107\
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    \107\ This estimates 20-50 hours of compliance attorney time, 
20-50 hours from risk management personnel, 12 hours of board time, 
and 2 hours from each of the CEO, CFO, COO, and CCO. The average 
compensation for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*20 = 
$1,706.94 and $85.35*50 = $4,267.35. The average compensation for a 
risk management specialist is $65.33/hour [$100,500 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 is $65.33 per hour]; $65.33*20 = $1,306.50 and 
$65.33*50 = $3,266.25. The average compensation for a member of a 
firm's board of directors is estimated by the Commission to be 
$200.00/hour [$100,000 per year/(500 hours per year) is $200 per 
hour]; $200.00*12 = $2,400.00. The average compensation for a chief 
executive officer is estimated by the Commission to be $650.00/hour 
[$1,000,000 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $650.00 per hour]; 
$650.00*2 = $1,300.00. The average compensation for both a chief 
financial officer and a chief operations officer is estimated by the 
Commission to be $455.00/hour [$700,000 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; $455.00*2 = $910.00. The average 
compensation for a chief compliance officer is $110.97/hour [ 
$170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; 
$110.97*2 = $221.95. The compensations of an average CEO and CFO are 
estimates by the Commission; the compensation of the board of 
directors is based on the average compensation of the boards of 
several large FCMs. All other figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA 
Report on Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities 
Industry.

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[[Page 67908]]

    d. The Commission estimates that review and testing of the Risk 
Management Program will cost between $6,000 and $24,300.\108\ An FCM 
must conduct such a review and testing annually as well as any time it 
experiences a material change in the business that is reasonably likely 
to alter the risk profile of the FCM. The Commission does not have 
adequate information to estimate how frequently such a change in the 
business will occur, so it has assumed one review and testing per year.
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    \108\ This assumes four weeks' worth of time from one to four 
intermediate compliance specialists. The average compensation of an 
intermediate compliance specialist is $37.90/hour [$58,303.00 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $37.90]; $37.90*40 hours/week*1 = 
$6,063.51 and $37.90*40 hours/week*4 = $24,254.05. These figures are 
taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional 
Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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    e. Regarding the policies and procedures that are required to 
address segregation risk, proposed Sec.  1.11 would create three sets 
of costs: (1) costs related to developing and documenting all required 
policies and procedures; (2) initial implementation costs; and (3) 
ongoing costs.\109\
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    \109\ Developing, documenting, and implementing the requisite 
policies and procedures would require personnel hours from 
compliance attorneys, senior management, and limited involvement 
from others such as risk management, HR, and IT. Those costs are 
would vary, perhaps significantly, depending on the extent to which 
each FCM already has compliant procedures in place and the extent to 
which such procedures may already be documented. However, the 
Commission has endeavored to estimate broad ranges of costs that 
would likely result from efforts to develop and document the 
requirements of Sec.  1.11, to implement compliant procedures, and 
then to sustain such procedures on an ongoing basis. And while the 
benefits are enumerated separately because their substantive 
benefits, in several cases, vary from one requirement to the next, 
the substantive costs are, in many cases, overlapping, and therefore 
the Commission has addressed them collectively.
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    1. The Commission estimates that developing and documenting 
requisite policies and procedures would require one or more compliance 
attorneys to be heavily involved interpreting and explaining the Act 
and Commission requirements to other affected employees, guiding other 
subject matter experts in the development of compliant operations, and 
drafting the required documentation. Risk management personnel would 
also likely be involved in developing procedures to review banks and 
Sec.  1.25 investments as well as to support the due diligence that 
senior management will have to conduct in order to establish a target 
residual interest for the FCM. The CFO and other senior personnel 
reporting to the CFO would likely be involved with selecting a target 
for the firm's residual interest and developing procedures for making 
withdrawals of residual interest for proprietary use. The CEO and board 
would be involved in reviewing and approving the policies and 
procedures required under Sec.  1.11. The Commission estimates that the 
likely cost for developing and documenting the policies and procedures 
that would be required under the proposed Sec.  1.11 would be between 
$54,800 and $131,000.\110\
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    \110\ This estimate assumes 400-1000 hours of time from one or 
more compliance attorneys re: all aspects of the requirements 
(interpreting, summarizing, guiding compliance discussions, 
drafting, etc.), 80-160 hours from a firm's chief compliance officer 
re: All aspects of the program, 10-100 hours from risk management 
personnel re: bank selection, monitoring, process to assess Sec.  
1.25 investment decisions, and due diligence to support targeted 
residual amount decision, 4-20 hours from a firm's chief financial 
officer re: selection of target for residual funds and process for 
withdrawal of segregated account funds not for the benefit of FCM 
customers, 2-4 hours from a firm's CEO, and 40-50 hours from board 
collectively re: discussion and approval of written policies and 
procedures. The average compensation for a compliance attorney is 
$85.35/hour [$131,303 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 
per hour]; $85.35*400 = $34,140.00 and $85.35*1000 = $85,350.00. The 
average compensation for a chief compliance officer is $110.97/hour 
[ $170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; 
$110.97*60 = $6,658.35 and $110.97*100 = $11,097.26. The average 
compensation for a risk management specialist is $65.33/hour 
[$100,500 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $65.33 per hour]; 
$65.33*10 = $653.25 and $65.33*100 = $6,532.50. The average 
compensation for a chief financial officer is estimated by the 
Commission to be $455.00/hour [$700,000 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; $455.00*4 = $1,820.00 and $455.00*20 
= $9,100.00. The average compensation for a chief executive officer 
is estimated by the Commission to be $650.00/hour [$1,000,000 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $650.00 per hour]; $650.00*2 = 
$1,300.00 and $650.00*4 = $2,600.00. The average compensation for a 
member of a firm's board of directors is estimated by the Commission 
to be $200.00/hour [$100,000 per year/(500 hours per year) is $200 
per hour]; $200.00*40 = $8,00.00 and $200.00*50 = $10,000.00. The 
compensations of an average CEO and CFO are estimates by the 
Commission; the compensation of the board of directors is based on 
the average compensation of the boards of several large FCMs. All 
other figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and 
Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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    2. The policies and procedures must not only be documented, they 
must be implemented, which will create some one-time costs that will 
depend significantly on the extent to which an FCM already practices 
some of the operational procedures that the Commission is requiring 
here. While the Commission expects that some FCMs are likely to have 
certain policies and procedures in place already that comply with Sec.  
1.11, the Commission does not have adequate information to determine to 
what extent this is true. Therefore, for the purposes of estimation we 
have estimated the one-time costs for an entity that does not yet have 
any of the required policies and procedures in place. The Commission 
anticipates that in such a circumstance, implementing new policies and 
procedures would require risk management personnel to conduct initial 
due diligence on depositories and existing as well as prospective Sec.  
1.25 investments. Human Resource (``HR'') personnel would have to 
revise job descriptions to comply with policies to separate critical 
functions related to handling of customer funds, and would also have to 
develop new annual training.\111\ One or more compliance attorneys 
would be involved ensuring that accounts are titled appropriately, 
securing requisite acknowledgment letters from depositories, setting up 
quarterly audits of policies and procedures, and providing general 
oversight of the implementation process. IT personnel will likely be 
required to automate certain aspects of the information collection that 
is necessary, and the CCO would likely be involved on virtually a full-
time basis for some period of time as well, overseeing the 
implementation of critical new policies and procedures. The Commission 
estimates the cost for such an implementation would range between 
$90,800 and $275,300.\112\
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    \111\ However, they are likely to outsource some pieces of the 
implementation (e.g. annual training would likely be developed by 
vendors to meet the needs of multiple market participants) which 
will mitigate associated costs. If a firm chooses to use training 
created by a vendor, that would likely reduce the HR one-time costs 
significantly.
    \112\ This estimate assumes 100-200 hours of risk management 
personnel time (from employees of varying levels of pay) conducting 
initial due diligence on depositories and evaluating Sec.  1.25 
investments, 800-1000 hours of human resources personnel time (400-
500 at a junior level and 400-500 at a senior level) revising job 
descriptions to accommodate separation of roles and developing 
annual training, 20-400 hours of time from one or more compliance 
attorneys for retitling accounts, securing requisite 
acknowledgements from depositories, setting up quarterly audits, and 
general oversight of implementation of new policies and procedures, 
4-12 weeks of the time of a firm's Chief Compliance Officer, or 160-
480 hours, and 160-800 hours of the time of IT personnel (140-700 at 
a junior to intermediate level and 20-100 at a senior level) as the 
firm will likely seek to automate some types of information 
collection and other steps necessary to support requirements. The 
average compensation for a senior risk management specialist is 
$108.06/hour [$166,251 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $108.06 
per hour]; $108.06*100 = $10,806.00 and $108.06*500 = $54,030.00. 
The average compensation for a risk management specialist is $65.33/
hour [$100,500 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $65.33 per 
hour]; $65.33*100 = $6,532.50 and $65.33*500 = $32,665.00. The 
average compensation for a junior human resources representative is 
$40.95/hour [$62,989 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $40.95 
per hour]; $40.95*800 = $32,760.00 and $40.95*1000 = $40,950.00. The 
average compensation for a senior human resources representative is 
$71.45/hour [$109,921 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $71.45 
per hour]; $71.45*100 = $7,144.87 and $71.45*500 = $35,724.33. The 
average compensation for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour 
[$131,303 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; 
$85.35*20 = $1,706.94 and $85.35*400 = $34,138.78. The average 
compensation for a chief compliance officer is $110.97/hour [ 
$170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; 
$110.97*160 = $17,755.61 and $110.97*480 = $53,266.82. The average 
compensation for a programmer is $53.64/hour [$82,518 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 = $53.64/hour]; $53.64*140 = $7,509.14 and 
$53.64*700 = $37,545.69. The average compensation for a senior 
programmer is $74.56/hour [$114,714 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 = $74.56/hour]; $74.56*20 = $1,491.28 and $74.56*100 = 
$7,456.41. All figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on 
Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.

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[[Page 67909]]

    3. The costs necessary to sustain the policies and procedures 
required under Sec.  1.11 are difficult to estimate because they would 
depend on variables such as the size of the firm, the program of 
governing supervision that they develop, and the degree of automation 
they achieve in their various ongoing processes (monitoring 
depositories, evaluating Sec.  1.25 investments, reevaluating residual 
funds target, etc.), and the degree to which their operations are 
already compliant with the policies and procedures they would develop 
pursuant to the proposed Sec.  1.11. However, as a lower bound, the 
ongoing costs would include expenses related to the time for: (1) The 
CCO to review quarterly audits and conduct due diligence that is 
necessary before providing certification of compliance with the Act, 
regulations and its policies and procedures with respect to segregated 
funds in the annual report; (2) risk management personnel to evaluate 
Sec.  1.25 investments for liquidity and marketability and to monitor 
depository institutions where customer segregated funds are held; (3) 
the CFO and other senior management to review and determine the 
continued appropriateness of the FCM's target for residual interest; 
and (4) HR personnel to organize and deliver annual training. The 
Commission estimates that the lower bound for these costs is 
approximately $20,000 and that costs may be higher, depending on the 
variables mentioned above.\113\
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    \113\ This estimate assumes 20+ hours per year from the CCO for 
due diligence and certification of compliance on annual report and 
reviewing quarterly audits, 40+ hours each per year from junior and 
senior risk management personnel evaluating Sec.  1.25 investments 
for liquidity and marketability and monitoring depository 
institutions where customer segregated funds are held, 6+ hours per 
year from the CFO and other senior management for reviewing the 
target for the firm's residual interest, and 20+ hours each per year 
from junior and senior HR--organizing and delivering annual 
training, as well as at least a day's training for 20 employees, or 
160 hours from an average financial employee, such as a general 
intermediate trader. The average compensation for a chief compliance 
officer is $110.97/hour [$170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 
= $110.97/hour]; $110.97*20 = $2,219.45. The average compensation 
for a senior risk management specialist is $108.06/hour [$166,251 
per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $108.06 per hour]; $108.06*40 
= $4,322.53. The average compensation for a risk management 
specialist is $65.33/hour [$100,500 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $65.33 per hour]; $65.33*40 = $2,613.00. The average 
compensation for a chief financial officer is estimated by the 
Commission to be $455.00 per/hour [$700,000 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; $455.00*6 = $2,730. The average 
compensation for a junior human resources representative is $40.94/
hour [$62,989.00 per year/(2000 hours per year) = $40.94/hour]; 
$40.94*20 = $818.86. The average compensation for a senior human 
resources representative is $71.45/hour [$109,921.00 per year/(2000 
hours per year) = $71.45/hour]; $71.45*20 = $1,428.97. The average 
compensation for a general intermediate trader is $36.48/hour 
[$56,130.00 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $36.48 per hour]; 
$36.48*160 = $5,837.52. The compensations of an average CFO is an 
estimate by the Commission. All other figures are taken from the 
2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional Earnings in the 
Securities Industry.
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    In addition, FCMs would have to implement automated financial risk 
management controls that are reasonably designed to prevent entering of 
erroneous trades. The Commission anticipates that some, but not all, 
FCMs already have such systems in place. For those FCMs that do not yet 
have such systems in place, the Commission proposes that it would cost 
an FCM between $10,300 and $89,400 to implement such a system.\114\
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    \114\ This estimates 150-1500 hours of mid-level IT programming 
time and 30-120 hours of senior level IT personnel time. The average 
compensation for a programmer is $53.64/hour [$82,518 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 = $53.64/hour]; $53.64*150 = $8,045.51 and 
$53.64*1500 = $80,455.05. The average compensation for a senior 
programmer is $74.56/hour [$114,714 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 = $74.56/hour]; $74.56*30 = $2,236.92 and $74.56*120 = 
$8,947.69. All figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on 
Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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Sec.  1.12 Maintenance of Minimum Financial Requirements by Futures 
Commission Merchants and Introducing Brokers
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.C, the 
proposed changes to Sec.  1.12 would alter the notice requirement so 
that it is no longer acceptable to give ``telephonic notice to be 
confirmed, in writing, by facsimile.'' Instead, all notices would be 
made in writing and submitted through an electronic medium acceptable 
to the Commission (currently, WinJammer).
    In addition, as described above in II.C, the proposed changes would 
require that if an FCM has a shortfall in net capital but is not sure 
of their financial condition, the FCM should not delay notifying the 
Commission about the shortfall in net capital. The FCM must communicate 
each piece of information (knowledge of the shortfall and knowledge of 
the financial condition of the FCM) to the Commission as soon as it is 
known.
    The proposed requirements in paragraphs (i), (j), (k) and (l) of 
Sec.  1.12 identify additional circumstances in which the FCM must 
provide immediate written notice to the Commission, relevant SRO and to 
the SEC if the FCM is also a broker-dealer. Those circumstances are: 
(1) If an FCM discovers that any of the funds in segregated accounts 
are invested in investments not permitted under Sec.  1.25; (2) if an 
FCM does not have sufficient funds in any of their segregated accounts 
to meet their targeted residual interest; (3) if the FCM experiences a 
material adverse impact to its creditworthiness or ability to fund its 
obligations; (4) whenever the FCM has a material change in operations 
including changes to senior management, lines of business, clearing 
arrangements, or credit arrangements that could have a negative impact 
on the FCM's liquidity; and (5) if the FCM receives a notice, 
examination report, or any other correspondence from a DSRO, the SEC, 
or a securities industry self-regulatory organization, the FCM must 
notify the Commission, and provide a copy of the communication as well 
as a copy of their response to the Commission.
    Last, proposed changes in paragraph (n) of Sec.  1.12 would require 
that every notice or report filed with the Commission pursuant to Sec.  
1.12 would include a discussion of how the reporting event originated 
and what steps have been, or are being taken, to address the event.
Benefits
    The proposed changes requiring that notice to the Commission be 
given in written form via specified forms of electronic communication 
not only adapt the rule to account for modern forms of communication, 
but also reduce the possibility of notification being delayed in 
reaching appropriate Commission staff. The proposed requirement would 
ensure that such

[[Page 67910]]

notices are submitted to WinJammer, which forwards notices to 
appropriate personnel within the Commission via email within a matter 
of minutes, if not seconds.
    With respect to the proposed change in Sec.  1.12(a)(2), if an FCM 
knows that it does not have adequate capital to meet the requirements 
of Sec.  1.17 or other capital requirements, and is also not able to 
calculate or determine its financial condition, it is likely that the 
FCM is in a period of extraordinary stress. In these circumstances, 
time is of the essence for the solvency of the FCM and to the 
protection of its customers and counterparties. Therefore, it is 
important that the Commission, DSRO, and SEC (if the FCM is also a 
broker-dealer) be notified immediately so that they can begin assessing 
the FCM's condition, and if necessary, making preparations to allow the 
transfer of the customers' positions to another FCM in the event that 
the FCM currently holding those positions has insufficient regulatory 
capital. These preparations help to ensure that the customers' funds 
are protected in the event of the FCM's default, and that the positions 
of its customers are transferred expeditiously to another FCM where 
those customers may continue to hold and control those positions 
without interruption to the customer's positions.
    The situations enumerated in proposed Sec. Sec.  1.12(i) and (j) 
are more specific indicators of potential or existing problems in the 
customer segregated funds accounts. Notifying the Commission in such 
circumstances will enable it to monitor steps the FCM is taking to 
address a shortfall in targeted residual interest, or to direct the FCM 
as it takes steps to address improperly invested segregated funds. In 
either case, the Commission will be able to be much more closely 
involved in rectifying the situation and ensuring the continued 
protection of customer segregated funds.
    The situations enumerated in proposed Sec. Sec.  1.12(k) through 
(l) are circumstances indicating that the FCM is undergoing changes 
that could indicate or lead to financial strain. Alerting the 
Commission and relevant SRO in such circumstances will enable both to 
protect customer funds by monitoring the FCM more closely in order to 
ensure that any developing problems are identified quickly and 
addressed proactively by the FCM with the oversight of the Commission 
and relevant SRO.
    The proposed amendment requiring that the FCM notify the Commission 
whenever it receives a notice or results of an examination from the 
DSRO, SEC, or securities-industry self-regulatory body, would ensure 
that the Commission is aware of any significant developments affecting 
the FCM that have been observed or communicated by other regulatory 
bodies. Such communications could prompt the Commission to heighten its 
monitoring of specific FCMs, or create an opportunity for the 
Commission to work collaboratively and proactively with other 
regulators to address any concerns about how developments in the FCM's 
business could affect customer funds.
    The proposed requirement that notifications to the Commission 
pursuant to Sec.  1.12 include a discussion of what caused the 
reporting event and what has been, or is being done about the event 
would provide additional information to Commission staff that help them 
quickly gauge the potential severity of related problems that have been 
or are developing at the reporting FCM, IB, or SRO. It would also help 
Commission staff discern how effectively the reporting entity is 
responding to such problems, which could assist the staff in 
determining whether the situation is likely to be corrected quickly or 
to continue deteriorating.
Costs
    As discussed above, the proposed rule requires that FCMs provide 
immediate notice to the Commission and its DSRO in five additional 
circumstances. These additional requirements create some minimal 
reporting costs when such circumstances arise. The Commission estimates 
that the total cost of completing and sending the requisite form is 
approximately $9,700 and $19,400 per form.\115\
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    \115\ This estimates 8-16 hours of time from both the CCO and 
the CFO, 10-20 from the General Counsel, 20-40 from a compliance 
attorney, and 10-20 from a senior accountant. The average 
compensation for a chief compliance officer is $110.97/hour [ 
$170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; 
$110.97*2 = $221.95 and $110.97*4 = $443.89. The average 
compensation for a chief financial officer is estimated by the 
Commission to be $455.00/hour [$700,000 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; $455.00*2 = $910.00 and $455.00*4 = 
$1,820.00. The average compensation for a general counsel is 
estimated by the Commission to be $260.00/hour [$400,000 per year/
(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $260.00 per hour]; $260.00*10 = 
$2,600.00 and $260.00*20 = $5,200.00. The average compensation for a 
senior accountant is $44.18/hour [$67,971 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 = $44.18/hour]; $44.18*10 = $441.81 and $44.18*20 = 
$883.62. These figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on 
Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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    Ongoing monitoring for any of the five additional circumstances 
that require reporting to the Commission, relevant SRO, and to the SEC 
if the FCM is a broker-dealer will also create some costs. In its 
consideration of the proposed rule, the Commission assumes that FCMs 
will automate the process for monitoring residual interest for any 
shortfall against the firm's target. Furthermore, the Commission 
anticipates that FCMs will build on the systems that they already have 
in place to calculate residual interest once per day at the close of 
business. The incremental cost of modifying such systems to monitor 
residual interest compared to the target value on an ongoing basis is 
likely to be between $1,800 and $6,300.\116\ Identifying instances 
where their FCM has experienced a material adverse impact to its 
creditworthiness or ability to fund its obligations, as would be 
required by proposed Sec.  1.12(k), would likely require deliberation 
among senior leaders at the FCM. Such deliberations, however, would 
likely be prompted by observations that such leaders make in the 
ordinary course of business, and therefore would not require proactive 
monitoring. The Commission estimates that deliberations among senior 
leaders to determine whether there is evidence suggesting a material 
decrease in the FCM's creditworthiness has occurred would cost at least 
$6,600 per year.\117\
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    \116\ This estimates 20-90 hours of personnel time from a 
programmer and 10-20 hours of personnel time from a senior 
programmer. The average compensation for a programmer is $53.64/hour 
[$82,518 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $53.64/hour]; 
$53.64*20 = $1,072.73 and $53.64*90 = $4,827.30. The average 
compensation for a senior programmer is $74.56/hour [$114,714 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3; $74.56*10 = $745.64 and $74.56*20 = 
$1,491.28. All figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on 
Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
    \117\ This estimates at least 8 hours per year from the CFO, the 
CCO, and the General Counsel. The average compensation for a chief 
compliance officer is $110.97/hour [ $170,727 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; $110.97*8 = $887.78. The average 
compensation for a chief financial officer is estimated by the 
Commission to be $455.00/hour [$700,000 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; $455.00*8 = $3,640. The average 
compensation for a general counsel is estimated by the Commission to 
be $260.00/hour $400,000.00 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is 
$260.00 per hour]; $260.00*8 = $2,100.00. The figure for the CCO is 
taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional 
Earnings in the Securities Industry; other compensations are 
estimates by the Commission.
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    Material changes to the FCM's leadership or business would create 
some incremental costs. Some of the material changes envisioned, such 
as changes in senior leadership, are discrete events that do not 
require monitoring in order to identify. On the other hand, events that 
constitute a material change in operations, credit arrangements, or 
``any change that could adversely impact the firm's liquidity

[[Page 67911]]

resources,'' \118\ would only be reliably recognized as a material 
change by someone with a broad knowledge of the firm's operations and 
finances, so the Commission assumes that senior management would 
fulfill these requirements. However, identifying and addressing 
material changes to the business is a function that senior management 
already plays, and therefore monitoring for such changes would not 
create any incremental costs. The proposed rule would make it necessary 
for senior management, in addition to identifying changes to the 
business, to make a decision about whether or not those changes are 
material and therefore should be reported. The Commission proposes that 
the additional time senior management spends making determinations 
about the materiality of changes to the business, as defined by the 
proposed rule, would require approximately twenty hours of time from 
both the CCO and CFO. Therefore, the Commission estimates that the 
monitoring costs would be $11,300 and $22,600.\119\
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    \118\ Sec.  1.12(l).
    \119\ This estimates 20-40 hours of time each from the CCO and 
CFO. The average compensation for a chief compliance officer is 
$110.97/hour [$170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $110.97/
hour]; $110.97*20 = $2,219.45 and $110.97*40 = $4,438.90. The 
average compensation for a chief financial officer is estimated by 
the Commission to be $455.00/hour [$700,000 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; $455.00*20 = $9,100.00 and 
$455.00*40 = $18,200.00. The compensations of an average CFO is an 
estimate by the Commission. The figure for a CCO is taken from the 
2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional Earnings in the 
Securities Industry.
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    The proposed requirement that notices or reports filed with the 
Commission pursuant to Sec.  1.12 include a discussion of how the 
reporting event originated and what has been, or is being done to 
address the reporting event, will increase the cost of such reports. 
The Commission anticipates that this requirement would prompt the CFO, 
General Counsel, and CCO of a reporting entity to invest additional 
time in developing and reviewing the report. The Commission anticipates 
that the incremental cost associated with the additional time spent by 
the CFO, General Counsel, and CCO would be between $3,300 and $6,600 
per report.\120\
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    \120\ This estimates that the CFO, General Counsel, and CCO will 
each spend an additional 4-8 hours developing and reviewing the 
report. The average compensation for a chief financial officer is 
estimated by the Commission to be $455.00/hour [$700,000 per year/
(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $455.00 per hour]; $455.00*4 = 
$1,780.00 and $455.00*8 = $3,640.00. The average compensation for a 
general counsel is estimated by the Commission to be $260.00/hour 
[$400,000.00 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $260.00 per 
hour]; $260.00*4 = $1,040.00 and $260.00*8 = $2,100.00. The average 
compensation for a chief compliance officer is $110.97/hour [ 
$170,727 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; 
$110.97*4 = $443.88 and $110.97*8 = $887.78. The figure for the CCO 
is taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional 
Earnings in the Securities Industry; other compensations are 
estimates by the Commission.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Additional proposed changes would introduce only minimal, if any, 
additional costs. For example, all FCMs already use WinJammer to submit 
certain reports to DSROs and to the Commission, so there would not be 
any additional cost involved with Sec.  1.12(n)(3) requirement that 
such notices to be submitted through that platform rather than via 
fax.\121\ Nor is there any cost associated with this proposed change to 
Sec.  1.12(a)(1). The FCM is still required to disclose its financial 
condition to the Commission, DSRO and SEC (if applicable) as soon as it 
can be ascertained. The proposed change does not alter the information 
that the FCM must gather, calculate, or report. It merely requires that 
each of the two pieces of information relevant to the requirements in 
Sec.  1.12(a)(1-2) are submitted as soon as they are known.
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    \121\ See NFA Interpretive Notice 9028--NFA Financial 
Requirements: The Electronic Filing of Financial Reports. Available 
at: http://prodwebvip.futures.org/nfamanual/NFAManual.aspx?RuleID=9028&Section=9. See also CME Advisory Notice: 
Enhanced Customer Protections & Rule Amendments, June 27, 2012. 
Available at: http://www.cmegroup.com/tools-information/lookups/advisories/clearing/AIB12-08.html.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    Question 5: The Commission requests additional information 
regarding the costs of these additional notification requirements. 
Specifically, how much time will information technology and compliance 
personnel have to invest in order to modify systems to calculate 
residual interest on a continual basis? How much time would be 
necessary to monitor for material changes in the business and what 
level of personnel would have to participate in that in order to draw 
reliable conclusions about whether or not a material event had 
occurred?
Sec.  1.16 Qualifications and Reports of Accountants
Proposed Changes
    As discussed above in II.E, the proposed changes would require that 
in order for an accountant to be qualified to conduct an audit of an 
FCM, that accountant would have to be registered with the Public 
Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB''),\122\ have undergone at 
least one examination by the PCAOB, and have addressed any deficiencies 
noted by the PCAOB within three years of the report noting such a 
deficiency.
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    \122\ ``PCAOB is a nonprofit corporation established by Congress 
to oversee the audits of public companies in order to protect the 
interests of investors and further the public interest in the 
preparation of informative, accurate and independent audit reports. 
The PCAOB also oversees the audits of broker-dealers, including 
compliance reports filed pursuant to federal securities laws, to 
promote investor protection.'' See http://pcaobus.org/Pages/default.aspx.
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    Second, the amendments would require that the governing body of the 
FCM ensure that the accountant engaged for an audit is duly qualified, 
and specifies certain qualifications that must be considered when 
evaluating an accountant for such purpose.
    Last, the Commission is proposing to require a public accountant to 
state in the audit opinion whether the audit was conducted in 
accordance with U.S. generally accepted auditing standards after full 
consideration of the auditing standards adopted by the PCAOB.
Benefits
    By requiring accountants to be registered with PCAOB and to have 
undergone at least one examination by the same, the proposed rule would 
help to ensure that the accountant is qualified to audit publicly 
traded companies, which are often more complex than those that are 
privately held. As a consequence, the proposed requirement would 
promote selection of accounting firms that are more sophisticated and 
experienced than would necessarily be the case in the absence of the 
proposed amendment, which would help to ensure that the accountant is 
large enough to maintain independence in its examination and has 
adequate experience to deal with the unique aspects of an FCM's 
business model, operational processes, and financial records.
    Requiring the FCM's board to evaluate and approve accountants 
conducting audits for the FCM would tend to enhance protection of 
customer funds by increasing accountability among the board for any 
errors resulting from an accountant's lack of relevant experience. 
Consequently, the requirement would incent the board to choose auditors 
carefully, or to provide diligent oversight as senior management makes 
such selections. This would promote selection of highly qualified 
accountants, which would help to ensure that audits are as effective as 
possible in identifying problems with operational controls, potential 
indications of fraud, or other warning signs that could enable senior

[[Page 67912]]

management and the Commission or DSRO to protect customer funds more 
effectively.
Costs
    The Commission anticipates that auditors that are registered with 
the PCAOB and that have undergone at least one examination by the PCAOB 
are likely to charge more for audits, than those that do not have those 
qualifications. However, the Commission does not have adequate 
information to estimate the difference in costs.
Request for Comment
    Question 6: The Commission requests comment regarding the cost of 
audits for an FCM. Specifically, what is the range of costs and average 
cost of an audit conducted by auditors with the credentials required in 
the proposed rule? What is the range of costs and the average cost of 
an audit conducted by auditors without such qualifications?
Sec.  1.17 Minimum Financial Requirements for Futures Commission 
Merchants And Introducing Brokers \123\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \123\ CEA 4(d)(2), referenced in Sec.  1.17, states, ``It shall 
be unlawful for any person, including but not limited to any 
clearing agency of a contract market or derivatives transaction 
execution facility and any depository, that has received any money, 
securities, or property for deposit in a separate account as 
provided in paragraph (2) of this section, to hold, dispose of, or 
use any such money, securities, or property as belonging to the 
depositing futures commission merchant or any person other than the 
customers of such futures commission merchant.''
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Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.F, the 
Commission is proposing to amend Sec.  1.17 by adding a new provision 
that will authorize the Commission to require an FCM to cease operating 
as an FCM and transfer its customer accounts if the FCM is not able to 
certify and demonstrate sufficient access to liquidity to continue 
operating as a going concern.
    In addition, FCMs that are dual registrants (FCM and BD) are 
allowed to use the Securities and Exchange Commission's broker-dealer 
approach \124\ to evaluating the credit risk of securities that the FCM 
invests in and assigning smaller haircuts \125\ to those that are 
deemed to be a low credit risk, should the SEC adopt as final its 
proposed rule to eliminate references to credit ratings. The proposed 
change to Sec.  17(c)(5)(v) would allow FCMs that are not dual 
registrants to use the same approach. Reducing the haircut assigned to 
low credit risk securities that the FCM invests in (which would 
potentially include some investments compliant with the requirements of 
Sec.  1.25), reduces the capital charge that the FCM must take for 
investing in those securities.
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    \124\ As stated above in II.F above, under the SEC proposal, a 
BD may impose the default haircuts of 15 percent of the market value 
of readily marketable commercial paper, convertible debt, and 
nonconvertible debt instruments or 100 percent of the market value 
of nonmarketable commercial paper, convertible debt, and 
nonconvertible debt instruments. A BD, however, may impose lower 
haircut percentages for commercial paper, convertible debt, and 
nonconvertible debt instruments that are readily marketable, if the 
BD determines that the investments have only a minimal amount of 
credit risk pursuant to its written policies and procedures designed 
to assess the credit and liquidity risks applicable to a security. A 
BD that maintains written policies and procedures and determines 
that the credit risk of a security is minimal is permitted under the 
SEC proposal to apply the lesser haircut requirement currently 
specified in the SEC capital rule for commercial paper (i.e., 
between zero and \1/2\ of 1 percent), nonconvertible debt (i.e., 
between 2 percent and 9 percent), and preferred stock (i.e., 10 
percent).
    \125\ As stated above in II.F, in computing its adjusted net 
capital, an FCM is required to reduce the value of proprietary 
futures and securities positions included in its liquid assets by 
certain prescribed amounts or percentages of the market value 
(otherwise known as ``haircuts'') to discount for potential adverse 
market movements in the securities.
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    Last, the proposed amendments would change the period of time that 
an FCM can wait for margin payments from a customer before taking a 
capital charge from three days to one day.
Benefits
    As discussed in II.F, an FCM's ability to meet capital requirements 
and segregation requirements is not necessarily a sufficient indicator 
of the FCM's continued viability as a going concern. If an FCM does not 
have access to liquidity to meet identifiable, imminent financial 
obligations, the FCM will likely default, regardless of the amount of 
capital that is recognized on its balance sheet. In such circumstances, 
transferring customer positions to another FCM before the current FCM 
enters into bankruptcy provides additional protection to customer 
funds. Once the FCM enters into bankruptcy, the transfer of customer 
positions may be slowed by the trustee's involvement, which could 
interrupt customers' ability to actively manage those positions. In 
addition, if the FCM enters into bankruptcy before transferring 
customers' positions, customer segregated funds may be subject to 
trustee fees. Transferring the positions before the FCM enters into 
bankruptcy, therefore, provides additional protection to customers by 
preserving their ability to continuously manage their accounts and by 
protecting their funds from being subject to trustee fees.
    By allowing FCMs that are not dual registrants to follow the same 
rules as those that are dual registrants, the change would harmonize 
the regulation of FCMs with respect to minimal financial requirements. 
This would place FCMs that are not dual registrants on a level playing 
field with those that are dual registrants, which contributes to the 
competitiveness of the financial markets.
    In Sec.  1.17(c)(5)(viii), the Commission proposes to reduce the 
period of time an FCM can wait to receive margin call payments from 
customers before taking a capital charge, which will incent FCMs to 
exercise increased diligence when seeking such payments, and therefore 
will likely prompt customers to provide such payments more quickly. As 
a consequence, the risk that a debit balance could develop in a 
customer's account due to tardy margin call payments would be reduced, 
and the amount of residual interest that the FCM would need to maintain 
in the segregated accounts in order to protect against the possibility 
that such debit balances could cause them to have less that is required 
in their segregated accounts would also be reduced. This provides 
benefits for the FCM by reducing the amount of capital that it must 
contribute to the customer segregated accounts, and for customers, by 
promoting more rapid margin call payments from other customers to 
support their own positions.
Costs
    With respect to costs, the proposed amendment Sec.  1.17(a)(4), 
allowing the Commission to require an FCM to transfer its customer 
positions if the FCM is not able to immediately certify that its 
liquidity is adequate to continue as a going concern, would give the 
Commission the authority to force the FCM to transfer its customer 
positions to another FCM in such circumstances. This could create 
additional costs for the FCM in two different ways. First, it is 
possible that while the FCM may not be able to immediately certify that 
it has sufficient liquidity to continue as a going concern but may 
nevertheless obtain sufficient liquidity before its impending 
obligations become due. If the FCM is forced to transfer its positions 
before it obtains the liquidity necessary to demonstrate that it may 
continue as a going concern, the FCM will have lost its FCM business. 
Second, if the FCM is working on obtaining sufficient liquidity to 
continue as a going concern, it may be able to obtain such liquidity 
under more favorable terms if it has time to consider multiple offers. 
However, if the FCM has a

[[Page 67913]]

shortened timeline to consider offers before being forced to transfer 
its customer positions to another FCM, it may be forced to accept an 
offer that is less attractive than what otherwise would have been the 
case.
    Regarding the proposed amendment to Sec.  1.17(c)(5)(v) changing 
the haircutting procedures for FCMs, lowering the amount of capital 
that the FCM must hold reduces the buffer it has to absorb any losses 
that result from its own investments. However, the Commission proposes 
that even in the absence of the amendment proposed here dual 
registrants will be able to use the SEC's haircutting procedure. 
Therefore, only FCMs that are not dual registrants would be impacted by 
the proposed change to Sec.  1.17. Moreover, the Commission proposes 
that FCMs that are not dual registrants do not typically invest in 
securities that would be subject to reduced haircuts under the SEC's 
proposed rules, and therefore the change would not have a significant 
impact on the capital requirements for such FCMs.
    Reducing the period of time FCMs can wait for customers' margin 
call payments before taking a capital charge may increase the capital 
charge that FCMs take due to tardy margin call payments. As a 
consequence, proposed Sec.  1.17(c)(5)(viii) would likely force FCMs to 
hold more capital, or to more diligently collect margin from customers 
on a prompt basis. The Commission does not have adequate information to 
estimate the amount of additional capital that FCMs would likely be 
required to hold, or the cost of that capital, and therefore is not 
able to quantify this cost at this time.
Request for Comment
    Question 7: The Commission requests comment regarding whether FCMs 
that are not dual registrants typically invest in securities that would 
be subject to reduced haircutting procedures under the SEC's proposed 
rules. If an FCM would be subject to reduced haircutting, please 
quantify the effect that such investments are likely to have on the 
capital requirements for such FCM.
    Question 8: In addition, the Commission requests information that 
would assist it in quantifying the costs and benefits associated with 
reducing the number of days an FCM can wait for margin call payments 
before taking a capital charge. Specifically, how much margin is 
typically owed by those customers?
    Question 9: The Commission also requests comment regarding the 
amount of additional capital that FCMs would likely be required to hold 
and the average cost of capital for an FCM. In addition, please provide 
data and calculations that would enable the Commission to replicate and 
validate the estimates you provide.
Sec.  1.20 Futures Customer Funds To Be Segregated and Separately 
Accounted for
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.G, the 
proposed amendments to Sec.  1.20 reorganize the section, but also 
alter the substance of the section's requirements in certain places.
    Proposed Sec.  1.20 includes a new Appendix A which is a template 
for the acknowledgment letter that FCMs and DCOs must obtain from their 
depositories. The proposed changes would require FCMs and DCOs to use 
the letter in Appendix A to provide the acknowledgment that they must 
obtain, and to clarify that the acknowledgment letter must be obtained 
before depositing any funds with a depository. The proposed amendments 
to Sec.  1.20 also requires FCMs and DCOs file the acknowledgment 
letter with the Commission promptly, and to update the acknowledgment 
letter whenever there are changes to the business name, address, or 
account numbers referenced in the letter. Last, proposed Sec.  1.20 
requires that customer funds deposited at a bank or trust company must 
be available for immediate withdrawal upon demand by the FCM or DCO, 
which effectively prevents them from placing funds into time-deposit 
accounts with depositories.
Benefits
    Proposed Sec.  1.20(d)(2) would require that FCMs and DCOs use the 
template in Appendix A when obtaining written acknowledgments from 
their depositories holding futures customer funds. Through this change 
would require depositories accepting customer funds to: (1) Recognize 
that the funds are customer segregated funds subject to the Act and 
CFTC regulations; (2) agree not to use the funds to secure any 
obligation of the FCM to the depository; (3) agree to allow the CFTC 
and the FCM's SRO to examine accounts at any reasonable time; (4) agree 
to provide CFTC and SRO user login to have read-only access to 
segregated accounts 24 hours a day; (5) and agree to release funds in 
segregated accounts when instructed to do so by an appropriate officer 
of FCM, the Director of DSIO, or the Director of DCR.
    These acknowledgments and commitments would result in important 
benefits. First, by acknowledging that the funds are subject to the Act 
and CFTC regulations, the depository would become accountable for 
complying with relevant statutory and regulatory requirements related 
to its handling of those funds. Second, the depository would 
acknowledge that the FCM is not permitted to use customer funds as 
belonging to any person other than the customer which deposited them, 
which would also prohibit an FCM from using customer funds to secure 
its own obligations. By requiring the FCM or DCO to obtain a statement 
from depositories holding customer funds acknowledging these 
limitations on use, the proposed rule would ensure that each depository 
is aware that the customers' funds cannot be used to secure the FCM's 
obligations to the depository. Third, the letter constitutes written 
permission by the depository to allow CFTC or DSRO officials to examine 
the FCM's customer accounts at any reasonable time, and to view the 
those accounts online at any time. As a consequence, the letter would 
enable both the Commission and the DSRO to monitor actual balances at 
the depository more easily and regularly. This would increase the 
probability that any discrepancy between balances reported by the FCM 
on its daily customer segregation account reports, and balances 
actually held by the depository would be identified quickly by the 
Commission or the DSRO. Moreover, with standing authorization from the 
depository to examine customer segregated accounts, both the Commission 
and DSRO would be better able to move quickly to verify that there is a 
problem.
    The commitment to distribute funds when directed to do so by the 
Director of DSIO, the Director of DCR, or appropriate officials of the 
DSRO facilitates the immediate movement of customer funds, and avoids 
delay in the release such funds which expedites to the transfer the 
customers' positions or to return the customers' funds without delay.
    The acknowledgment letter also provides some assurances to the 
depository, namely, that it is not liable to the FCM for following 
instructions to distribute funds from customer segregated accounts at 
the direction of the Director of DSIO or the Director of DCR and that 
the depository is not responsible for the FCM's compliance with the Act 
or Commission regulations beyond what is expressly stated in this 
letter. The letter places depositories holding customer funds on notice 
that they must release customer funds without delay when directed to do 
so by

[[Page 67914]]

the Director of DSIO or the Director of DCR. The assurance that the FCM 
will not hold the depository liable for following instructions from the 
Director of DSIO or of DCR should reduce this potential cause for delay 
in time-critical situations. Moreover, under the proposed amendments, 
depositories must sign the acknowledgment letter in Appendix A in order 
to receive funds from an FCM or DCO. If some depositories were not 
willing to sign the letter, it would reduce the number of available 
depositories for FCMs and DCOs and may force them to move some existing 
depository accounts.
    The benefit of requiring FCMs and DCOs to obtain an acknowledgment 
letter from their depository prior to or contemporaneously with 
transferring any customer funds to that depository is that it ensures 
that all the protections provided for by the depository's consent to 
the terms of the letter are in place for the full time during which a 
depository holds customer segregated funds. In other words, it prevents 
the possibility of a gap in the protections created by the requirements 
of this section.
    By requiring FCMs and DCOs to submit the acknowledgment letters, 
signed by their depositories, to both the Commission and the relevant 
SRO, the proposed rules should make it easier for the Commission or 
relevant SRO to act quickly, when necessary, being confident that the 
correct legal permissions are in place. Additionally, requiring the 
letters to be retained for five years past the time when customer 
segregated funds are no longer held by each depository would ensure 
that proper documentation of all relevant acknowledgments and 
commitments is in the possession of each party that relies upon the 
existence of those commitments in order to effectuate the protections 
created by this section.
    Last, Sec.  1.12(h) requires that funds deposited by an FCM be 
available for immediate withdrawal. If an FCM places customer funds in 
time-deposit accounts the depository has the contractual right to 
require a period of notice from the FCM before distributing funds at 
the FCM's request. Under the proposed regulation, a period of notice 
would not be acceptable given the obligation that the FCM has to return 
customer funds to customers upon request. Moreover, placing funds in a 
time-deposit account could prevent the DCO, Commission, or Trustee from 
being able to effect the immediate movement of customer funds if 
required to do so in the event of a default by the FCM. Requiring that 
funds be available for immediate withdrawal at the request of the FCM 
ensures prompt access to customer funds by all concerned.
    Prohibiting FCMs from placing customer funds in time-deposit 
accounts would codify a long-standing staff interpretation that 
prohibits FCM's from placing customer funds in such accounts.\126\ The 
interpretation and proposed amendment prohibit such deposits because 
time-deposit accounts, by law, must retain the right to a certain 
number of days advance notice before allowing a customer to withdrawal 
funds. This delay could prevent an FCM from returning all customer 
funds in a prompt manner if those customers all demanded their funds 
and could prevent the DCO from porting open positions to another FCM in 
the event that the FCM currently holding those funds defaulted. The 
benefits of codifying the current staff interpretation are that it will 
provide additional clarity about the legal force of the requirement, 
and will put the requirement in a location where relevant market 
participants are much more likely to see it, which reduces the 
likelihood that FCMs would violate this prohibition unknowingly.
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    \126\ See Administrative Determination No. 29 of the Commodity 
Exchange Administration dated Sept. 28, 1937 stating, ``the deposit, 
by a futures commission merchant, of customers' funds * * * under 
conditions whereby such funds would not be subject to withdrawal 
upon demand would be repugnant to the spirit and purpose of the 
Commodity Exchange Act. All funds deposited in a bank should in all 
cases by subject to withdrawal on demand.''
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Costs
    FCMs and DCOs are likely to bear some initial and ongoing costs as 
a result of the proposed amendment requiring them to use the template 
in Appendix A to obtain the acknowledgment letter from their 
depositories. Regarding initial costs, the letter includes new 
requirements that existing depositories want to discuss with the FCM or 
DCO's staff. In addition, some existing depositories may not be willing 
to sign the new letter, which would force the FCM or DCO to move any 
customer funds held by that depository to a different depository, 
creating certain due diligence and operational costs. The Commission 
estimates that the cost of obtaining a new acknowledgment letter from 
each existing depository is between $1,300 and $4,200.\127\ Based on 
conversations with industry participants, the Commission estimates that 
FCMs and DCOs would have approximately 1-30 depositories each, from 
which they must obtain a new acknowledgment letter. Therefore, the 
Commission estimates that the cost of obtaining new acknowledgment 
letters from existing depositories is between $2,700 and $82,000 per 
FCM or DCO.\128\ In addition, based on conversations with industry 
participants, the Commission estimates that identifying new potential 
depositories, conducting necessary due diligence, formalizing necessary 
agreements, opening accounts, and transferring funds to a new 
depository is likely to take between three to six months and is likely 
to require support from compliance attorneys, as well as operations, 
risk management, and administrative personnel. The Commission estimates 
that the cost of moving accounts from an existing depository that is 
not willing to sign the letter is between $50,000 and $102,000.\129\
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    \127\ This estimate assumes 10-40 hours of time from a 
compliance attorney and 10-20 hours from an office services 
supervisor. The average compensation for a compliance attorney is 
$85.35/hour [$131,303 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 
per hour]; $85.35*10 = $853.47 and $85.35*40 = $3,413.88. The 
average compensation for an office services supervisor is $40.15/
hour [$61,776.00 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $40.15 per 
hour]; $40.15*10 = $401.54 and $40.15*20 = $803.09. These figures 
are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional 
Earnings in the Securities Industry.
    \128\ Total figures are taken from previous calculation. 
($1,255.01+$4,216.97)/2 = $2,735.99; $2,735.99*1 = $2,735.99 and 
$2,735.99*30 = $82,079.69.
    \129\ This estimate assumes one compliance attorney working 
full-time for 3-6 months, 50-200 hours from an office services 
supervisor, 80-160 hours of time from a risk management specialist, 
and 40-60 hours from an intermediate accountant. The average 
compensation for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*40 hours/
week*4 weeks/month*3 months = $40,966.54 and $85.35*40 hours/week*4 
weeks/month*6 months = $81,933.07. The average compensation for an 
office services supervisor is $40.15/hour [$61,776.00 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 is $40.15 per hour]; $40.15*50 = $2,007.72 and 
$40.15*200 = $8,030.88. The average compensation for a risk 
management specialist is $65.33/hour [$100,500 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 is $65.33 per hour]; $65.33*80 = $5,226.00 and 
$268.84*160 = $10,452.00. The average compensation for an 
intermediate accountant is $34.11/hour [$52,484.00 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 is $34.11 per hour]; $34.11*40 = $1,364.58 and 
$34.11*60 = $2,046.88. These figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA 
Report on Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities 
Industry.
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    Ongoing costs include those created by the additional requirements 
the FCM or DCO will have to explain to new depositories when obtaining 
the required letter. There may be additional operational costs involved 
with monitoring depositories for any change that would necessitate 
updating the letter. The per-entity cost of obtaining the letter from 
new depositories is likely to be the same as it would for obtaining the 
letter from existing depositories (i.e.,

[[Page 67915]]

$1,300 and $4,200). The Commission estimates that the ongoing cost 
associated with monitoring for changes that would require the 
acknowledgement letter to be updated is between $1,100 and $2,800 per 
year.\130\
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    \130\ This assumes 20-50 hours per year from an office manager 
for monitoring costs. The average compensation for an office manager 
is $55.82/hour [$85,875 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $55.82/
hour]; $55.82*20 = $1,116.38 and $55.82*50 = $2,790.94. This figure 
is taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional 
Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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    The proposed requirement, embedded in the acknowledgment letter, 
that depositories provide to the Commission and DSRO online, read-only 
access to accounts where customer segregated funds are held, would 
create certain costs for depositories that would likely be passed onto 
FCMs. The NFA Board of Directors recently approved rule amendments that 
will require FCMs to provide their respective DSROs with on-line view-
only access to customer segregated/secured amount bank account 
information. NFA has submitted the rule amendments to the Commission 
for approval.\131\ Therefore, the pending NFA rule and the Commission's 
proposed requirement would require banks and trust companies to provide 
the Commission and the DSROs with the same read-only access to account 
information. The Commission estimates that the cost of this additional 
access is between $270 and $540 per account.\132\
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    \131\ A copy of the NFA rule submission is available on the NFA 
Web site, www.nfa.futures.org.
    \132\ This assumes 4-8 hours per account from a senior database 
administrator. The average compensation for a senior database 
administrator is $$68.09/hour [$104,755 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 = $68.09/hour]; $68.09*4 hour = $272.36 and $68.09/hour *8 
hours = $554.73. This figure is taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on 
Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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    For all other depositories, the Commission believes that providing 
access read-only access to balances and transactions in cash accounts 
is possible with existing technology and therefore, for depositories 
that already provide such access to their customers, the cost of 
providing that access to the Commission and DSRO is likely to be 
relatively low. Based on conversations with industry participants, the 
Commission estimates that on average an FCM or DCO is likely to have 
approximately 5-30 accounts. The Commission estimates that the initial 
set-up cost of providing access to each account at depositories that 
already provide online access to their customers is approximately $270 
and $550 per account.\133\
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    \133\ This assumes 4-8 hours per account from a senior database 
administrator. The average compensation for a senior database 
administrator is $$68.09/hour [ $104,755 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 = $68.09/hour]; $68.09*4 hour = $272.36 and $68.09/hour *8 
hours = $554.73. This figure is taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on 
Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    On the other hand, for depositories that do not currently provide 
such access to their customers, setting up the capability to provide it 
to the Commission and DSRO will require that the depository implement 
additional technology. The Commission does not have adequate data to 
estimate the cost for establishing such a system.
    The Commission proposes that the requirement embedded in the 
acknowledgment letter that depositories consent to release customer 
funds whenever requested to do so by the Director of DCR or Director of 
DSIO will not create any additional costs for FCMs, depositories, or 
market participants.
    The Commission does not anticipate any costs associated with 
proposed Sec.  1.20(h) prohibiting an FCM from placing customer funds 
in time-deposit accounts since it is codifying a current staff 
interpretation and FCMs already abide by this standard.
    The remaining requirements in proposed Sec.  1.20 are virtually 
identical to those in the existing rule, but are reorganized in order 
to improve readability. The changes that are merely the result of 
reorganizing identical requirements do not result in any costs for 
market participants.
Request for Comment
    Question 10: The Commission requests data from which to estimate 
the initial and ongoing costs for a depository to establish the 
capability to provide read-only access to account balances and 
transaction history.
    Question 11: The Commission requests comment from the public 
regarding the initial and ongoing cost of services provided by vendors 
that have the ability to provide regular confirmation of balances at 
depositories on both a scheduled and unscheduled basis. Also, would 
such services be applicable to custodial accounts, and accounts held at 
non-bank depositories (e.g. other FCMs or Money Market Mutual Funds)?
    Question 12: The Commission requests comment regarding whether 
depositories currently have systems that provide their customers with 
continuous read-only access to accounts where securities are held that 
provide: (1) Real time or end of day balances for each segregated 
account; and (2) descriptions of the types of assets contained in each 
account with balances associated with each type of asset. How do the 
capabilities of systems that provide continuous read-only access to 
customers vary across different types of depositories, foreign or 
domestic (i.e. banks, FCMs, DCOs, or Money Market Mutual Funds)?
    Question 13: If depositories do not currently have the ability to 
provide continuous read-only access to accounts holding customer funds 
that display transactions and balances for those accounts, what costs 
would be required in order to create such a system?
    Question 14: The Commission assumes that the costs and benefits 
enumerated above capture the range of costs and benefits that would be 
experienced by each type of depository. The Commission requests comment 
and quantification regarding any additional costs or benefits that 
would be experienced by certain types of depositories such FCMs, bank 
and trust companies, depositories of an international affiliate.
Sec.  1.22 Use of Customer Funds Restricted
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.H, the 
Commission recently approved amendments to the definition of the term 
``commodity and/or options customer.'' \134\ In order to retain the 
meaning of the term ``commodity and/or options customer'' as it was 
originally defined, the Commission is replacing the term with ``futures 
customer.'' As above, the new term has the same meaning as the original 
definition of the term that it is replacing, and therefore there are no 
costs or benefits associated with this change.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \134\ The final rulemaking is available on the Commission's Web 
site, www.cftc.gov.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In addition, the proposed amendments to 1.22 clarify that the 
prohibition against use of a futures customer's funds to extend credit 
to, or to purchase, margin, or settle the contracts of another person 
applies at all times. Last, the proposed amendments would clarify that 
in order to comply with the prohibition against using one customer's 
funds to ``purchase, margin, or settle the trades, contracts, or 
commodity options of, or to secure or extend the credit'' \135\ of any 
other

[[Page 67916]]

person, the FCM would be required to ensure that its residual interest 
in futures customer funds exceeds the sum of all its futures customer 
margin deficits.
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    \135\ See proposed Sec.  1.22. N.B., the current form of Sec.  
1.22 also includes a prohibition against using one customer's funds 
to ``to purchase, margin, or settle the trades, contracts, or 
commodity options of, or to secure or extend the credit of, any 
person other than such customer or commodity option customer.''
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Benefits
    The benefit of the proposal is that it protects customer funds by 
requiring continual customer segregation balancing thereby avoiding the 
potential that an FCM could employ end-of-day balancing to obscure a 
shortfall the FCM experienced in the middle of the day.
    Under current regulations it is not permitted for an FCM to use one 
customer's funds to purchase, margin, secure or settle positions for 
another customer. However, the current regulations do not specify how 
FCMs must comply with this requirement. The proposed rule would specify 
that FCMs must maintain residual interest in customer segregated 
accounts that is larger than the sum of all customer margin deficits, 
which would ensure that the FCM is not using one customer's funds to 
purchase, margin, secure, or settle positions for another customer. 
Furthermore, when combined with the reporting requirements in 
Sec. Sec.  1.10, 1.32, 22.2, and 30.7, which require the FCM to report 
both the sum of their customer margin deficits as well as their 
residual interest in customer segregated accounts, the proposed 
approach would provide the Commission and the public with sufficient 
information to verify that FCMs are not using one customer's funds to 
purchase, margin, secure or settle positions for another customer.
Costs
    If the sum of an FCM's customer margin deficits is greater than the 
residual interest an FCM typically maintains in their customer 
accounts, then the FCM would have to increase the amount of residual 
interest it maintains in customer segregated accounts, which would 
reduce the range of investment options the FCM has for those additional 
funds and may prompt the FCM to maintain additional capital to meet 
operational needs. On the other hand, if an FCM typically maintains 
residual interest in customer segregated accounts that is greater than 
the sum of their customer margin deficits, then the proposed rule would 
not create any additional costs. In the past, the Commission has not 
required FCMs to report the sum of their customers' margin deficits. 
Therefore, the Commission does not have adequate information to 
determine whether FCMs typically hold residual interest that is greater 
than the sum of their customers' margin deficits and cannot estimate 
the cost of the proposed rule.
Request for Comment
    Question 15: The Commission requests comment regarding whether FCMs 
typically maintain residual interest in their customer segregated 
accounts that is greater than the sum of their customer margin 
deficits, and data from which the Commission may quantify the average 
difference between the amount of residual interest an FCM maintains in 
customer segregated accounts and the sum of customer margin deficit.
    Question 16: How much additional residual interest would FCMs hold 
in their customer segregated accounts in order to comply with the 
proposed regulation? What is the opportunity cost to FCMs associated 
with increasing the amount of capital FCMs place in residual interest, 
and data that would allow the Commission to replicate and verify the 
calculated estimates provided.
    Question 17: The Commission request information regarding the 
additional amount of capital that FCMs would likely maintain in their 
customer segregated accounts, if any, to comply with the proposed 
regulation. What is the average cost of capital for an FCM? Please 
provide data and calculations that would allow the Commission to 
replicate and verify the cost of capital that you estimate?
Sec.  1.23 Interest of Futures Commission Merchants in Segregated 
Funds; Additions and Withdrawals
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.I, the 
proposed text changes the term ``customer funds'' to ``futures customer 
funds.'' This is a conforming change in order to retain the same 
meaning once the term ``customer'' is redefined in Sec.  1.3.\136\ The 
Commission anticipates that there are no costs or benefits associated 
with this change.
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    \136\ The Commission recently approved final amendments to Sec.  
1.3 that revised the definition of the term ``customer'' to include 
commodity customers, options customers, and swap customers. A copy 
of the Federal Register release is available on the Commission's Web 
site, www.cftc.gov.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed Sec.  1.23 also places new restrictions regarding an 
FCM's withdrawal of residual interest funds for proprietary use. Under 
the proposed Sec.  1.23, an FCM cannot withdraw funds for proprietary 
use unless they have prepared the daily segregation calculation from 
the previous business day and must adjust for any activity or events 
that may have decreased residual interest since close of business the 
previous day. In addition, an FCM is only permitted to withdrawal more 
than 25% of its residual interest for proprietary use within one day if 
it: (1) Obtains a signature from the CEO, CFO or other senior official 
as described in Sec.  1.23(c)(1) confirming approval to make such a 
withdrawal; and (2) sends written notice to the CFTC and DSRO 
indicating that the requisite approvals from the CEO, CFO or other 
senior official has been obtained, providing reasons for the 
withdrawal, listing the names and amounts of funds provided to each 
recipient, and providing an affirmation from the signatory indicating 
that he or she has knowledge and reasonable belief that the FCM is 
still in compliance with segregation requirements after the withdrawal.
    In addition, if the FCM drops below its target threshold for 
residual interest because of a withdrawal of residual interest for 
proprietary use, the next day it must either replenish residual 
interest enough to surpass its target, or if senior leadership believes 
the original target is excessive, the FCM may revise its target in 
accordance with its policies and procedures established in proposed 
Sec.  1.11.
Benefits
    The proposed restrictions on withdrawals of residual interest 
provide an additional layer of protection for customer funds contained 
in segregated accounts. An FCM may withdraw residual interest as long 
as it always maintains sufficient FCM funds in the account to cover any 
shortfall that exists in all of its customers' segregated accounts. 
However, as a practical matter, the segregation requirements fluctuate 
constantly with market movements, and customer surpluses or deficits 
also fluctuate depending on the speed with which customers meet margin 
calls. As a consequence, an FCM is not expected to have a precise, 
real-time knowledge of the amount of residual interest it has in a 
segregated account. The Commission recognizes that any precise, real-
time, single calculation would almost immediately become obsolete as 
the value of customers' accounts and their obligations to the FCM 
continue to fluctuate. Moreover, a sufficient amount of residual 
interest to cover deficiencies in customers' accounts at one point in 
time may be inadequate to cover such deficiencies an hour later, or 
even a few minutes later. Therefore, it is important

[[Page 67917]]

for an FCM to maintain sufficient residual interest to cover both 
current deficiencies in customer accounts as well as any additional 
deficiencies that could develop over a relatively short period of time. 
Restrictions on withdrawals of residual interest help to ensure that 
the FCM does not withdraw too much residual interest, either knowingly 
or unknowingly, and jeopardize customer funds in the segregated 
account.
    Prohibiting any withdrawal of residual interest until the customer 
segregation account calculations are complete for the previous day and 
requiring the FCM take into account any subsequent developments in the 
market or the account that could impact the amount of residual interest 
before withdrawing funds protects customer funds by reducing the 
likelihood that lack of current information could cause the FCM to make 
a withdrawal from customer funds that is large enough to cause the 
account to fall below its segregated funds requirement.
    In addition, the proposed amendment would require several steps in 
order for an FCM to remove more than 25% of their residual interest in 
a single day. Large, single-day withdrawals of the FCM's residual 
interest in the customer segregated account could be an indication of 
current or impending capital or liquidity strains at the FCM. The 
additional steps ensure that senior management is knowledgeable of and 
accountable for such withdrawals, that no shortfall in the customer 
segregated accounts is created by the withdrawals and that the CFTC and 
DSRO are both alerted and can monitor the FCM and its segregated 
accounts closely over subsequent days and weeks. Additional monitoring, 
in turn, would help to ensure that the integrity and sufficiency of the 
FCM's customer segregated accounts are carefully protected. In 
addition, notifying the CFTC and DSRO gives both an opportunity to ask 
questions about the FCM's reasonable reliance on its estimations of the 
adequacy of its funds necessary to meet segregation requirements. Such 
questions may give the Commission and DSRO comfort that the transaction 
does not indicate any strain on the FCMs financial position, or 
conversely, may raise additional questions and alert the CFTC and DSRO 
to the need for heightened monitoring of the FCM or further 
investigation of its activities. Also, while the proposed regulations 
would reduce the risk that customer funds could be missing in the event 
of an FCM's bankruptcy, the proposed rule would establish a second 
layer of protection by ensuring that the Commission has records 
regarding the name and address of parties receiving funds from the 
distribution of residual interest.
    In addition, requiring an FCM to replenish its residual funds the 
following day any time a withdrawal causes it to drop below the FCM's 
target amount helps to ensure that residual interest is not used by the 
firm to address liquidity needs in other parts of the firm unless those 
needs are very short-term in nature (i.e., less than 24 hours).
Costs
    These procedural requirements will create some costs for FCMs. 
Restricting an FCMs ability to withdraw residual interest until daily 
calculations have been completed may prevent the FCM from withdrawing 
funds quickly in order to meet certain operational needs, or to take 
advantage of specific investment opportunities. This restriction may 
also force the FCM to hold additional capital in order to reduce the 
potential that it would need funds from its residual interest in order 
to meet any operational needs. The Commission does not have adequate 
information to estimate the amount of additional capital that an FCM 
might be likely to hold, or the cost of capital for those funds. 
Moreover, calculating the opportunity cost for an FCM's potential 
missed opportunities is not possible since, by definition, they depend 
on the alternative opportunities available to the FCM and the 
Commission does not have adequate information to determine what those 
opportunities might be.
    In addition, abiding by the procedures for withdrawals of residual 
interest for proprietary use, whether the withdrawals are less than or 
greater than 25% of the FCM's residual interest, would create 
operational costs as these percentages must be calculated and requisite 
permissions will require time to obtain. The additional cost created by 
procedures that are required for additional withdrawals below 25% of 
the FCM's residual interest will depend significantly on the procedures 
the FCM develops, and the extent to which the FCM has already 
implemented similar procedures. The Commission does not have adequate 
information to estimate these incremental costs. If an FCM withdraws 
more than 25% in a given day they have to get certain signatures and 
have to send a notification to the Commission. It is also likely that 
the Commission would follow up with questions about the withdrawal. The 
Commission proposes that obtaining the necessary signatures, reviewing 
the notification sent to the Commission, and conducting any follow-up 
conversations would require time from an attorney and office staff 
personnel. Therefore, the Commission estimates that the additional cost 
to an FCM for complying with procedures to withdraw 25% or more of 
their residual interest in a single day is likely to be between $850 
and $1,100 each time an FCM needs to make such withdrawals.\137\
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    \137\ This assumes 6-8 hours of a compliance attorney's time and 
6-8 hours of an office manager's time. The average compensation for 
a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*6 = $512.08 and $85.35*8 = 
$682.78. The average compensation for an office manager is $55.82/
hour [$85,875 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $55.82/hour]; 
$55.82*6 = $334.91 and $55.82*8 = $446.55. These figures are taken 
from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional Earnings 
in the Securities Industry.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    Question 18: The Commission invites comment regarding the amount of 
additional capital that FCMs would likely hold because of restrictions 
on their ability to withdraw residual interest and the cost of capital 
for those funds.
    Question 19: In addition, the Commission requests comment regarding 
the extent to which FCMs already have procedures in place that would 
satisfy the requirements in Sec. Sec.  1.11 and 1.23 regarding 
withdrawals of residual interest. For an FCM that do not have such 
procedures in place already, please quantify the additional cost that 
the FCM will bear as a consequence of complying with any policies and 
procedures it may develop and implement in order to satisfy the 
requirements of Sec. Sec.  1.11 and 1.23 with respect to withdrawals of 
residual interest.
Sec.  1.25 Investment of Customer Funds
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.J, Sec.  
1.25 permits FCMs and DCOs to use customer funds to purchase securities 
from a counterparty under an agreement for the resale of the securities 
back to the counterparty. This type of transaction is often referred to 
as a ``repo,'' and in effect, is a collateralized loan by the FCM to 
its counterparty. Currently, Sec.  1.25(b)(3)(v) establishes a 
counterparty concentration limit, prohibiting FCMs and DCOs from using 
more than 25% of the total funds in the customer segregated account to 
conduct reverse repos with a single counterparty. The proposed 
amendment would expand the definition of a counterparty to include 
additional entities under common ownership or control. The proposed 
amendment

[[Page 67918]]

incorporates the Commission's interpretation of the existing rule, and 
therefore does not alter its meaning. Therefore, the Commission does 
not anticipate that the proposed amendment will create any costs or 
benefits.
    The additional proposed changes to Sec.  1.25 are conforming 
amendments proposed in order to harmonize this section with other 
amendments proposed in this release, and therefore do not create any 
additional costs or benefits.
Sec.  1.26 Deposit of Instruments Purchased With Customer Funds
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.K, proposed 
Sec.  1.26 would change the term ``commodity or option customers'' to 
``futures customers.'' This is a conforming change in order to retain 
the same meaning once the term ``customer'' is redefined in Sec.  1.3.
    In addition, the other changes proposed for Sec.  1.26(a-b) require 
that FCMs and DCOs obtain a written acknowledgment letter from 
depositories in accordance with the requirements established in Sec.  
1.20. This change introduces significant additional specificity 
regarding the timing and content of the letter that FCMs and DCOs must 
obtain from their depositories. The specifics of those requirements, as 
well as the costs and benefits of them, are detailed in the discussion 
of costs and benefits for Sec.  1.20, discussed in the cost benefit 
considerations section related to Sec.  1.20.
    If, however, an FCM or DCO invests funds with a money market mutual 
fund and those funds are held directly by the money market mutual fund 
or its affiliate, then the FCM or DCO must use the acknowledgment 
letter proposed in Appendix A of Sec.  1.26 rather than the 
acknowledgment letters in the appendices of Sec.  1.20. The content of 
the letter in Sec.  1.26 is identical to those in Sec.  1.20 except 
that it includes three additional provisions related specifically to 
funds held by the money market mutual fund or its affiliate (``MMMF''). 
Specifically, it requires that: (1) the value of the fund must be 
computed and made available to the FCM or DCO by 9:00 a.m. of the 
following business day; (2) that the fund must be legally obligated to 
redeem shares and make payments to its customers (i.e. the FCM or DCO) 
by the following business day; and (3) the money market mutual fund 
does not have any agreements in place that would prevent the FCM or DCO 
from pledging or transferring fund shares.
Benefits
    The benefits are largely the same as for the acknowledgment letters 
required in Sec.  1.20, described above in the cost benefit section 
related to Sec.  1.20. However, requiring FCMs and DCOs to have Money 
Market Mutual Funds (``MMMFs'') sign a different acknowledgment letter 
if customer funds are held directly with the money market mutual fund 
or its affiliate has some benefits.
    First, requiring the MMMF to compute the value of the fund and make 
that available to the FCM or DCO by 9:00 a.m. the following business 
day ensures that FCMs will have the information they need in order to 
produce their daily segregation calculations by 12:00 p.m. the 
following business day (i.e., three hours later), which is an existing 
requirement for FCMs.\138\ This is important not only because it 
enables the FCM to comply with the requirement to produce segregation 
calculations by 12:00 p.m. the following day, but because under the 
proposed rule, FCMs would not be allowed to withdraw residual interest 
until the daily segregation calculations are completed. Second, by 
requiring the fund to redeem shares and make payments to their 
customers by the following business day, the proposed requirement 
prohibits MMMFs from entering into any agreement with an FCM or DCO 
that gives the MMMF a contractual right to delay payment, thus 
preventing similar risks to what would occur if FCMs were allowed to 
place funds in time-deposit accounts. Last, by prohibiting the MMMF 
from imposing restrictions that would prevent the FCM or DCO from 
pledging or transferring fund shares, the letter would ensure that FCMs 
are able to use their shares as collateral at the DCO and that those 
shares could be transferred from one FCM to another in the event of the 
first FCM's default.
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    \138\ See Sec. Sec.  1.32, 22.2, and 30.7.
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Costs
    As discussed above in the cost benefit considerations section 
related to Sec.  1.20 the NFA already requires electronic read-only 
access to customer accounts, so the Commission does not anticipate that 
providing the same access to the Commission will create additional 
costs.
    In addition, if an FCM or DCO currently has an account with a money 
market mutual fund that, either directly or through an affiliate, holds 
its own funds, and that fund is either not compliant with the 
additional provisions of the letter in Appendix A Sec.  1.26 or is 
unwilling to sign the proposed acknowledgment letter, the FCM or DCO 
would bear some costs related to identifying a compliant money market 
mutual fund, conducting due diligence, and moving its accounts to that 
fund. This would force the FCM or DCO to identify a new MMMF that is 
qualified to accept its customer funds, creating the same costs that 
are described above in the cost benefit considerations section related 
to Sec.  1.20.
Request for Comment
    Question 20: The Commission requests comment regarding the 
likelihood that money market mutual funds holding segregated funds from 
FCMs or DCOs are not compliant with the additional terms contained in 
the proposed acknowledgment letter. In addition, what costs would an 
FCM or DCO bear when identifying a compliant money market mutual fund 
and transferring their customer funds to that money market?
    Question 21: In addition, the Commission requests comment regarding 
whether the requirements contained in the acknowledgment letter, 
discussed in Sec.  1.20, would impact money market mutual funds 
differently from any other depositories.
Sec.  1.29 Gains and Losses Resulting From Investment of Customer Funds
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.L, under 
the Commission's existing regulations, Sec.  1.29(a) states that FCMs 
or DCOs investing customer funds in Sec.  1.25 investments are entitled 
to the return on those investments. Proposed Sec.  1.29(b) provides 
that FCMs or DCOs investing customer segregated funds in instruments 
described in Sec.  1.25 also bear sole responsibility for the losses 
that result from those investments.
Benefits and Costs of the Proposed Changes
    This change was recommended by FIA, which stated its belief that 
the FCM or DCO's responsibility for losses in Sec.  1.25 investments 
``is clear and is implicit in the Act and the Commission's rules.'' 
\139\ The Commission believes that market participants already 
recognize this and act accordingly. Therefore the Commission does not 
believe that

[[Page 67919]]

proposed Sec.  1.29(b) would create any additional costs.
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    \139\ FIA, ``Initial Recommendations for Customer Funds 
Protection.'' Available at: http://www.futuresindustry.org/downloads/Initial_Recommendations_for_Customer_Funds_Protection.pdf.
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Sec.  1.30 Loans by Futures Commission Merchants; Treatment of Proceeds
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.M, Sec.  
1.30 permits the FCM to lend its own funds to a customer on securities 
and property pledged by the customer, effectively performing a 
collateral transformation service. The proposed amendment to Sec.  1.30 
clarifies that, while an FCM may provide secured loans to a customer, 
it may not make loans to a customer on an unsecured basis or use a 
customer's futures or options positions as security for a loan from the 
FCM to that customer.
Benefits
    The proposed prohibition against FCMs providing unsecured loans to 
customers reduces counterparty risk borne by the FCM position because 
it prevents the FCM from accumulating exposures to customers that have 
not margined their positions. In addition, the proposed rule would 
prohibit an FCM from using a customer's positions to secure loans made 
to customers, which would also reduce the FCM's counterparty risk. If 
an FCM used a customer's positions to secure a loan to that customer, 
the FCM would be using the same collateral to secure two different 
liabilities: the liability associated with the open position; and the 
liability associated with the unsecured loan. By prohibiting FCMs from 
using a customer's positions to secure a loan to that customer, the 
proposed rule would prevent the additional exposure that would 
otherwise result from using the same collateral to secure two different 
liabilities, which again, reduces the FCM's counterparty risk.
    In addition, to the extent that the proposed change would force 
customers to obtain such loans from another lender, it diversifies the 
counterparty risk across multiple entities. That benefits the FCM that 
would otherwise bear more concentrated customer risk, and likely would 
be good for the markets more generally because of the additional 
protection that it provides to any clearinghouse of which the FCM is a 
member.
Costs
    Regarding costs associated with the proposed restriction--customers 
that need or prefer to use borrowed funds to meet their initial and 
maintenance margin requirements for certain positions would be forced 
to obtain loans necessary to fund their futures or options positions 
from another lender. That would increase the customer's operational 
costs since they would have to transfer funds from one institution to 
another and would have to administer both accounts. In addition, it is 
likely that lenders will conduct more due diligence than would be the 
case if the FCM were to loan the requisite funds, which will create 
additional costs related to such a loan, both for the customer and for 
the party lending the funds.
Request for Comment
    Question 22: The Commission requests comment regarding how often 
FCMs currently make loans to customers on either a secured or unsecured 
basis, and what the processes and terms typify such loans (including 
details regarding the process for evaluating credit risk, size of such 
loans, payment terms, collateral, and any other details that commenters 
believe the Commission should consider).
    Question 23: In addition, the Commission requests information 
regarding the additional operational costs that customers would bear if 
they have to obtain a loan from an entity other than the FCM holding 
their funds in a customer segregated account. If possible, please 
quantify the additional costs.
Sec.  1.32 Reporting of Segregated Account Computation and Details 
Regarding the Holding of Customer Funds
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.N, The 
proposed changes would allow an FCM that is not a dual registrant to 
follow the same procedures as dual registrants (FCM/BDs) when assessing 
a haircut to securities purchased with customer funds if the FCM 
determines that those securities have minimal credit risk. This is the 
same change as is proposed in Sec.  1.17 except that in Sec.  1.17 the 
proposed change refers to securities purchased by an FCM with its own 
capital, whereas the proposed change here would apply to securities 
purchased with customer funds. The change proposed here would create 
the same costs and benefits as described above in the cost benefit 
considerations section related to Sec.  1.17.
    In addition, the proposed changes would: (1) Require FCMs to report 
daily Segregation Statements to the Commission and their DSRO 
electronically by noon the following business day; (2) require that 
twice per month, each FCM submit a detailed list of depositories report 
listing of all the depositories and custodians where customers 
segregated funds are held, including the amount of customer funds held 
by each entity and a break-down of the different categories of Sec.  
1.25 investments held by each entity; and (3) require that the detailed 
list of depositories be submitted to the Commission electronically by 
11:59 p.m. the following business day and that both Segregation 
Statements and Detailed list of depositories be retained by the FCM in 
accordance with Sec.  1.31.
Benefits
    Requiring FCMs to submit their daily calculations to the Commission 
and DSRO, together with the proposed amendments to Sec. Sec.  1.20 and 
1.26 giving the Commission and DSRO electronic access to view the 
balances of all depository accounts where customer segregated funds are 
held, will enable the Commission and DSRO to better protect customer 
funds by more closely monitoring for any discrepancies between the 
assets in segregated accounts reported by the FCM and their 
depositories. The ability of the Commission and DSRO to check for 
discrepancies more regularly, without notice, is likely to provide an 
additional disincentive to fraud. Moreover, it will enable both the 
Commission and DSROs to monitor for any trends that would indicate 
operational or financial problems are developing at the FCM, which 
would give the Commission an opportunity to enhance its supervision and 
to intervene, if necessary, to protect customer segregated funds.
    The detailed list of depositories would provide additional 
information to the Commission and DSRO beyond what would be available 
to both by virtue of the electronic read-only access that has been 
proposed in Sec. Sec.  1.20, 1.26, and 30.7. First, the detailed list 
of depositories will provide additional account detail including the 
types of securities and investments that constitute each account's 
assets rather than existing reports that only include the total value 
securities. Second, the reports will account for any pending 
transactions that would not necessarily be apparent when viewing a 
depository account online. Third, FCMs will, in these reports, provide 
to the Commission and DSRO a reconciled balance, which would not be 
available to the Commission or DSRO simply by viewing an FCM's 
depository accounts online. Each of these additional forms of 
information would enable the Commission and DSRO to provide better 
oversight and create additional accountability for the FCM.

[[Page 67920]]

Costs
    FCMs are already calculating segregated funds information daily and 
reporting the results to the NFA via WinJammer by noon the following 
day. Similarly, the detailed list of depositories that would be 
required to be submitted twice per month is already required by NFA to 
be produced and submitted to NFA via WinJammer.\140\ Requiring FCMs to 
submit these reports to the Commission via the same platform should not 
create any additional costs.
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    \140\ See Segregated Investment Detail Report at: http://www.nfa.futures.org/NFA-compliance/NFA-futures-commission-merchants/fcm-reporting.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sec.  1.52 Self-Regulatory Organization Adoption and Surveillance of 
Minimum Financial Requirements
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.O, the 
proposed amendments to 1.52 would revise the supervisory program that 
SROs are required to create and adopt. In addition, for SROs that 
choose to delegate the function to examine FCMs that are members of two 
or more SROs to a DSRO, the amended rules would require a plan that 
establishes a Joint Audit Committee which, in turn, must propose, 
approve, and oversee the implementation of a Joint Audit Program. The 
amended rules specify a number of additional requirements for the SRO 
supervisory program as well as for the Joint Audit Program.
Benefits
    Regarding SROs' supervisory programs, the proposed amendments would 
provide significant additional protection to FCMs' counterparties, 
investors, and customers by ensuring that SRO audits of member FCMs are 
thorough and effective. The proposed amendments would help to ensure 
thorough audits by requiring that an SRO's audit program be designed to 
address ``all areas of risk to which futures commission merchants can 
reasonably be foreseen to be subject,'' that the scope and focus of 
such audits would be determined by the risk profile that the SRO 
develops for each FCM, and that the audit itself include both controls 
testing as well as substantive testing. The last requirement, in 
particular, would help to ensure that audits give adequate attention to 
testing and review of internal controls, which are critical to help 
ensure that each FCM is not only compliant with capital and segregation 
requirements at the time of the audit, but that they continue to 
operate in such a manner after the audit is completed by preventing 
fraud or operational errors that could jeopardize the FCM and its 
customers.\141\
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    \141\ While many auditors and market participants have noted the 
importance of controls testing, the Commission understands that 
currently, many audits tend to emphasize substantive testing and 
give lesser attention to controls testing. See Public Roundtable to 
Discuss Additional Customer Protections, August 9, 2012. A recording 
of the roundtable is available at: http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_cftcstaff080912. See [customer protection 
roundtable from 8/9].
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    By requiring that the supervisory program for the SRO must be 
compliant with U.S. Generally Accepted Auditing Standards and standards 
prescribed by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the 
proposed rules would ensure that the SROs' supervisory programs draw 
from established best practices, and that they address the full range 
of issues that would impact the effectiveness of the SRO's audits of 
FCMs. This benefit is enhanced by the proposed list of specific issues 
that each SRO must address in the standards they develop for their 
supervisory program. And by promoting audits that are thorough, the 
proposed rules would, again, promote protection of the FCM's 
counterparties, investors, and customers.
    By requiring that an examinations expert evaluate the SRO's 
supervisory program at least once every two years, and that the results 
of such examinations include a discussion and recommendation of any new 
or best practices, the proposed rules would ensure that the supervisory 
program and SRO audits continue to build on best practices, for audits, 
which further promotes thorough and effective audits of FCMs.
    The proposed rules for the Joint Audit Program would require the 
Joint Audit Program to: (1) Establish standards covering all the same 
issues; (2) require controls testing as well as substantive testing; 
(3) address all areas of risk to which the registered FCM can 
reasonably be foreseen to be subject; (4) conform to U.S. generally 
accepted auditing standards and as well as those prescribed by the 
Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; and (5) have an examinations 
expert evaluate the Joint Audit Program at least once every two years. 
Therefore, the proposed rules would produce identical benefits related 
to audits conducted by a DSRO.
    In addition, by requiring that the DSRO audits include examination 
of an FCM's compliance with rules and regulations governing minimum net 
capital, obligations to segregate customer funds, financial reporting 
requirements, etc., the proposed rule would ensure that these critical 
elements of the FCM's operations and finances are reviewed during each 
audit. Each of these elements safeguard customers. Additionally, by 
requiring the Joint Audit Committee to develop procedures to identify 
high risk firms and perform enhanced monitoring of such firms, the 
proposed rules would help to ensure that any risk to customer funds 
that begins to materialize (e.g. the FCM's residual interest begins to 
drop) is identified and corrected quickly, thus reducing the risk of a 
loss of customer funds.
    In addition, commenters at the Commission's August 9th roundtable 
on customer protection noted that when audits take several months to 
complete, the findings are less relevant when they are delivered to the 
business than they would have been if they were communicated more 
promptly.\142\ Therefore, by requiring that the Joint Audit Program 
maintain adequate levels of staff with adequate training and 
experience, the proposed requirements would facilitate timely 
completion of audits, which is likely to enhance the protection of 
customer funds by promoting more prompt identification and correction 
of weaknesses identified in such audits. Moreover, if auditors are not 
independent of the FCM they are auditing, their findings may be 
compromised by conflicts of interest. By requiring standards related to 
independence together with annual ethics training, the proposed rule 
would help to ensure that the results of any audit conducted by the 
DSRO are not compromised by the influence of any conflict of interests. 
Each of these, in turn, facilitate thorough, effective, and timely 
audits, which help protect the FCM's customers, counterparties, and 
investors by ensuring that the FCM's financial reports are accurate, 
and that internal controls are reviewed and tested.
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    \142\ See Public Roundtable to Discuss Additional Customer 
Protections, August 9, 2012. A recording of the roundtable is 
available at: http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_cftcstaff080912 See [roundtable on Aug 9th].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Costs
    SROs are already required to establish and operate supervisory 
programs for auditing FCMs. The proposed amendments require further 
detail and documentation with regard to specific elements of such 
supervisory programs. The Commission estimates that the cost for 
developing these policies and procedures would be between $20,700 and 
$31,000 per SRO.\143\
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    \143\ This estimate assumes 160-240 hours of time from both a 
compliance attorney and a senior accountant. The average 
compensation for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35 *160 = 
$13,655.51 and $85.35 *240 = $20,483.27. The average compensation 
for a senior accountant is $44.18/hour [$67,971.00 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 is $44.18 per hour]; $44.18*160 = $7,068.98 and 
$44.18*240 = $10,603.48. These figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA 
Report on Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities 
Industry.

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[[Page 67921]]

    The Joint Audit Committee would have to develop policies and 
procedures concerning the application of the Joint Audit Program in the 
examination of FCMs. The standards would have to, at minimum, conform 
to the U.S. GAAS and would also have to address the items in Sec.  
1.52(c)(2)(iii). The development of such policies and procedures is 
likely to require input from one attorney and one senior accountant at 
each SRO, and therefore the Commission estimates that such involvement 
will cost each SRO between $2,400 and $6,000.\144\ In addition, the 
work required to further develop Joint Audit Program is likely to be 
supported by full time staff at the DSRO. The Commission estimates that 
such support will cost the DSRO between $18,000 and $26,400.\145\ In 
addition the Joint Audit Program would be required to have an 
examinations expert review the policies and procedures they develop.
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    \144\ This estimate assumes 20-50 hours of time from both a 
compliance attorney and an intermediate accountant. The average 
compensation for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*20 = 
$1,706.94 and $85.35*50 = $4,267.35. The average compensation for an 
intermediate accountant is $34.11/hour [$52,484.00 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 is $34.11 per hour]; $34.11*20 = $682.29 and 
$34.11*50 = $1,705.73. These figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA 
Report on Management and Professional Earnings in the Securities 
Industry.
    \145\ This estimate assumes 320-400 hours from an office 
services supervisor and 40-80 hours from both a compliance attorney 
and a senior accountant. The average compensation for an office 
services supervisor is $40.15/hour [$61,776.00 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 is $40.15 per hour]; $40.15*320 = $12,849.41 and 
$40.15*400 = $16,061.76. The average compensation for a compliance 
attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 
is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*40 = $3,413.88 and $85.35*80 = 
$6,827.76. The average compensation for a senior accountant is 
$44.18/hour [$67,971.00 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $44.18 
per hour]; $44.18*40 = $1,767.25 and $44.18*80 = $3,534.49. These 
figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and 
Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
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    Ongoing costs to the SRO and Joint Audit Program would include fees 
charged by the examinations expert for a review every other year, the 
incremental cost of more extensive controls testing when auditing each 
FCM, and the incremental cost resulting from standards that the SRO 
develops to comply with the list of standards that must be addressed in 
the supervisory program.\146\ The Commission does not have adequate 
information to estimate the ongoing costs for biennial reviews by an 
examinations expert, or the incremental costs of additional controls 
testing or ongoing compliance with standards that the FCMs develop 
pursuant to Sec.  1.52(c)(2)(iii).
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    \146\ See Sec.  1.52(c)(2)(iii).
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Request for Comment
    Question 24: The Commission requests comment regarding the costs 
associated with increased controls testing. To what extent do SROs 
currently conduct controls testing when auditing FCMs? What additional 
testing would likely be involved in order to comply with the proposed 
regulations?
    Question 25: In addition, the Commission requests comment regarding 
the costs for an expert examiner to conduct a review such as the one 
contemplated in the proposed rules.
    Question 26: Also, regarding costs associated with the Joint Audit 
Committee and Joint Audit Program, which costs are likely to be borne 
by the SROs and which are likely to be borne by the DSROs?
Sec.  1.55 Public Disclosures by Futures Commission Merchants
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.P, the 
proposed rules would add new provisions to the disclosure document that 
FCMs are required to provide to prospective customers, detailed in 
Sec.  1.55(b). The new provisions would require the disclosure document 
to contain a statement that: (1) Customer funds are not protected by 
insurance in the event of the bankruptcy or insolvency of the FCM, or 
if customer funds are misappropriated in the event of fraud; (2) 
customer funds are not protected by SIPC, even if the FCM is a BD 
registered with the SEC; (3) customer funds are not insured by a DCO in 
the event of the bankruptcy or insolvency of the FCM holding the 
customer funds; (4) each customer's funds are not held in an individual 
segregated account by an FCM, but rather are commingled in one or more 
accounts; (5) FCMs may invest funds deposited by customers in 
investments listed in Sec.  1.25; and (6) funds deposited by customers 
may be deposited with affiliated entities of the FCM, including 
affiliated banks and brokers.
    In addition, the proposed rule would require each FCM to provide a 
Firm Specific Disclosure Document that would address firm specific 
information regarding its business, operations, risk profile, and 
affiliates that would be material to a customer's decision to entrust 
funds to and do business with the FCM.
    As stated above, the Firm Specific Disclosure Document would be 
made available on the FCM's Web site and would provide material 
information about: (1) General firm contact information; (2) the names, 
business contacts, and backgrounds for the FCM's senior management and 
members of the FCM's board of directors; (3) a discussion of the 
significant types of business activities and product lines that the FCM 
engages in and the approximate percentage of the FCM's assets and 
capital devoted to each line of business; (4) the FCM's business on 
behalf of its customers, including types of accounts, markets traded, 
international businesses, and clearinghouses and carrying brokers used, 
and the futures commission merchant's policies and procedures 
concerning the choice of bank depositories, custodians, and other 
counterparties; (5) a discussion of the material risks of entrusting 
funds to the FCM and an explanation of how such risks may be material 
to its customers; \147\ (6) the name and Web site address of the FCM's 
DSRO and the location of annual audited financial statements; (7) a 
discussion of any material administrative, civil, criminal, or 
enforcement actions pending or any enforcement actions taken in the 
last three years (8) a basic overview of customer fund segregation, FCM 
collateral management and investments, and of FCMs and joint FCM/BDs; 
(9) information regarding how customers may file complaints about the 
FCM with the Commission or appropriate DSRO; (10) certain financial 
data from the most recent month-end when the disclosure document is 
prepared; and (11) a summary of the FCMs current risk practices, 
controls and procedures.
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    \147\ The material risks addressed must include, without 
limitation, ``the nature of investments made by the futures 
commission merchant (including credit quality, weighted average 
maturity, and weighted average coupon); the futures commission 
merchant's creditworthiness, leverage, capital, liquidity, principal 
liabilities, balance sheet leverage and other lines of business; 
risks to the futures commission merchant created by its affiliates 
and their activities, including investment of customer funds in an 
affiliated entity; and any significant liabilities, contingent or 
otherwise, and material commitments.''
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    FCMs would be required to update the Firm Specific Disclosure 
Document at least annually.
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.P, FCMs 
would also be

[[Page 67922]]

required to disclose on their Web sites their daily Segregation 
Schedule, daily Secured Amount Schedule, and daily Cleared Swaps 
Segregation Schedule. Each FCM would be required to maintain 12 months 
of the segregation and secured schedules on its Web site. Each FCM 
would also be required to disclose on its Web site as well as summary 
schedules of its adjusted net capital, net capital, and excess net 
capital for the 12 most recent month-end dates as well as the Statement 
of Financial Condition, Segregation Schedule, Secured Amount Schedule, 
Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule, and all footnotes related to the 
above statements and schedules from its most current year end annual 
report that is certified by an independent public accountant.
Benefits
    As explained above in the section by section discussion at II.P, 
current regulations require FCMs to provide a risk disclosure to 
potential customers before accepting customer funds. That risk 
disclosure statement is primarily intended to provide a customer with 
disclosure of the market risks of engaging in futures trading. The 
proposed additions to that disclosure would help to ensure that 
customers are aware of certain non-firm-specific risks that have been 
relevant in recent FCM bankruptcies and that could be relevant in the 
event of future FCM bankruptcies or insolvencies.
    The Firm Specific Disclosure Document that would be required by the 
proposed rules would address firm-specific risk, which would give 
potential customers additional information that they could use when 
conducting due diligence and selecting an FCM. By requiring that the 
disclosure address several specific topics, the proposed rule would 
ensure that certain topics that are relevant are addressed, even if 
potential customers might not otherwise think to ask about them when 
selecting or conducting due diligence on potential FCMs.
    Specifically, by requiring the disclosure to provide information 
about the business activities and product lines the FCM engages in, and 
the percentage of the FCM's assets and capital that are used in each 
type of activity, the proposed rules would assist customers in 
acquiring information that may assist them in determining the extent to 
which the FCM's business is focused on providing the types of services 
that the customer needs, and the extent to which other business 
interests could impact either the focus or stability of the FCM.
    By requiring that FCMs provide the policies and procedures by which 
it selects depositories, the proposed rules would assist potential and 
existing customers in evaluating the sufficiency of due diligence 
conducted by the FCM when selecting such depositories. This additional 
measure of transparency would incent FCMs to be rigorous in conducting 
such due diligence because potential or existing customers that are not 
satisfied with the FCM's policies and procedures in this respect could 
take their business elsewhere.
    Requiring FCMs to discuss their business on behalf of customers, 
the proposed rules would ensure that customers and potential customers 
are able to make a more thorough assessment of risks that the FCM or 
customer funds held by the FCM might bear due to the markets or 
businesses in which the FCM is active, the clearinghouses and carrying 
brokers it uses, or the depositories that hold funds on behalf of the 
FCM. Such an assessment could impact customers' decisions as they 
select the FCM(s) with which they will conduct business. Moreover, 
additional transparency would promote market discipline, which would 
provide additional incentive for FCMs to manage such risks diligently.
    By requiring FCMs to disclose material risks together with an 
explanation of how such risks may be material to its customers, the 
proposed rules would ensure that the FCM is responsible to identify and 
communicate such risks, which helps to ensure that potential and 
existing customers would be aware of those risks when placing or 
keeping funds on deposit with the FCM. In the absence of such a 
requirement, potential or existing customers may not know the FCM's 
business as well as the FCM does, and therefore may not ask about 
certain risks that are material to customers, may not have access to 
adequate information to determine the magnitude of such risks, or may 
not understand how certain risks could impact the FCM's customers.\148\ 
The proposed amendment would make the FCM responsible both to identify 
and provide information regarding all material risks and to provide 
explanations that would help educate customers about how such risks 
could affect them.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \148\ In the Public Roundtable to Discuss Additional Customer 
Protections on August 9, 2012, participants suggested that FCMs may 
not provide all customers and potential customers with equivalent 
access to firm-specific data. See http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/Events/opaevent_cftcstaff080912.
    As a result, larger customers may be able to conduct more 
thorough due diligence when selecting an FCM. The proposed 
requirements would help ensure that all customers have access to 
FCM-specific data that is helpful when evaluating the risks that 
would be relevant to customer funds entrusted to an FCM.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Requiring FCMs to provide information regarding how they may file a 
complaint about the FCM with the Commission or the firm's DSRO would 
help to ensure that if customers perceive problems at an FCM, those 
concerns are communicated to the proper regulatory bodies, giving the 
Commission and DSRO an opportunity to investigate further, if 
appropriate. As a consequence, the required information would promote 
more effective oversight by the Commission and DSRO.
    By requiring that FCMs provide an overview of customer fund 
segregation and FCM collateral management and investment, the proposed 
rules would promote the protection of customer funds by enhancing 
market discipline through customer education. The proposed rules would 
help customers understand how statutory and regulatory requirements are 
designed to provide protections for their funds, and what steps FCMs 
must take in order to comply with such regulations. Educated customers, 
in turn, provide an additional layer of accountability for the FCM in 
complying with such requirements. Moreover, customers will be better 
able to understand public disclosures regarding disciplinary actions 
against FCMs, updates regarding material risks to customer funds, 
financial disclosures made by the FCM, and to make informed decisions 
in response.
    In particular, the disclosures proposed in Sec.  1.55(k)(10) could 
assist customers in evaluating fellow customer risk that they would 
bear at each FCM with which they consider doing business. By requiring 
FCMs to disclose specific financial data as of the most recent month-
end when the disclosure document is produced, the proposed requirements 
would further ensure that all customers have access to data that would 
be helpful when considering potential risks associated with entrusting 
funds to the FCM.
    Requiring FCMs to disclose the dollar value of their proprietary 
trading margin requirements as a percentage of margin required for 
futures customers, Cleared Swap Customers, and 30.7 Customers would 
help customers understand the magnitude of risk created by the FCM's 
proprietary positions relative to the magnitude of risk created by 
customers' positions. This information could prompt customers to ask 
additional questions about the relationship between the risks created 
by the firm's

[[Page 67923]]

proprietary trading and trading on behalf of customers. It could also 
prompt questions about how the firm's operations related to proprietary 
trading may impact their operations related to customer accounts.
    By requiring FCMs to disclose the number of customers that 
constitute 50% of the FCMs total funds held for futures customers, 
Cleared Swaps Customers, and 30.7 Customers, customers would have 
additional insight into the potential exposure that the FCM could have 
due to a default by one of its largest customers.
    The aggregate notional value of non-hedged, principal over-the-
counter transactions into which the FCM has entered, when calculated 
and reported for each class of swaps, would give customers some sense 
of the potential exposure the FCM has due to potential changes in the 
value of its proprietary portfolio.
    The aggregate amount of financing FCMs provide for customer 
transactions involving illiquid financial products would give customers 
additional insight into the potential challenges FCMs would face if a 
fellow customer defaulted and the FCM had to liquidate such products in 
order to mitigate the losses caused by the customer's default.
    Requiring FCMs to disclose the amount, source, and purpose of any 
unsecured and uncommitted short term funding the FCM has access to 
would help potential and existing customers gain insight into the FCM's 
capacity to meet unexpected liquidity needs that might occur due to a 
fellow customer's default.
    Requiring FCMs to disclose the percentage of customer debts the FCM 
experienced during the past 12-month period, as compared to the balance 
of funds held for futures customers, Cleared Swaps Customers, and 30.7 
Customers would give customers a sense for how effective the firm's 
risk management program is, as well as a sense for the quality of the 
customer pool that the FCM has accepted.
    Requiring FCMs to provide a summary of their current risk 
management practices, controls and procedures would give customers 
insight into the procedures that FCMs use to manage the risks 
associated with fellow customers, which would be valuable to customers 
when evaluating potential fellow customer risk at various FCMs.
    By requiring each FCM to adopt policies and procedures reasonably 
designed to ensure that its advertising and solicitation activities are 
not misleading to its FCM customers, the proposed rules would 
strengthen accountability for communication related to an FCM's sales 
and solicitation activities. Moreover, the Commission and DSROs would 
be better equipped to monitor FCMs' internal controls related to sales 
and solicitation, and compliance with those controls, if FCMs have 
established policies and procedures. In this way, the proposed rules 
would promote consistently reliable communication associated with each 
FCM's sales and solicitation efforts.
    By requiring FCMs to update the disclosure proposed in rule 1.55(i) 
annually as well as any time there is a ``material change to its 
business operation, financial condition and other factors material to 
the customer's decision to entrust the customer's funds and otherwise 
do business with the futures commission merchant,'' and requiring the 
FCM to provide each updated disclosure to its customers, the rule would 
make FCMs responsible to communicate with customers whenever such 
events occur. This requirement would help to ensure that the FCM's 
financial condition, business operations, or other important factors do 
not change in material ways without customers being aware of such 
changes, and would likely prompt some customers to conduct additional 
due diligence in such situations in order to determine whether their 
funds are at risk, which would provide additional accountability for 
FCMs.
    By requiring FCMs to provide their daily Segregation Schedules, 
daily Secured Amount Schedules, and daily Cleared Swaps Segregation 
Schedules, as well as additional month end and annual financial data, 
the proposed rules would facilitate transparency. All of the 
information that firms would be required to post on their Web site is 
information that would be public based on the requirements of this rule 
even if it were not posted on each FCM's Web site. However, if the 
schedules mentioned above were not posted on each FCM's Web site, 
market participants would have to submit a request to the Commission in 
order to access that information. Requiring each FCM to post the above 
schedules and data on its Web site would help to ensure that market 
participants are aware that it is available, and would also improve the 
speed and efficiency of obtaining it.
    Similarly, by requiring FCMs to provide a link to the Web site of 
the NFA's Basic System facilitate transparency by promoting awareness 
of the additional information that is public regarding each FCM's 
investment of customer funds and by minimizing search costs for 
obtaining that information.
Costs
    FCMs would have to create the Firm Specific Disclosure Document 
which would likely require time from compliance, legal, accounting, and 
administrative personnel. The Commission estimates that the cost for 
producing the content of the initial disclosure would be between $6,000 
and $22,200.\149\ In addition, each FCM would have to update the 
disclosure annually as well as any time there is a material change to 
the business that could affect the customer's willingness to do 
business with the FCM. Producing the content of each update is likely 
to be less costly than the initial disclosure, since some parts of the 
disclosure will likely remain the same from one version to the next. 
The Commission estimates that such updates would cost between $6,000 
and $12,000.\150\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \149\ This assumes 40-200 hours from a compliance attorney, 10-
50 hours from a senior accountant, 40-60 hours from an office 
services supervisor, and 5 hours from the CCO. The average 
compensation for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per 
year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35 *40 = 
$3,143.88 and $$85.35 *200 = $17,069.39. The average compensation 
for a senior accountant is $44.18/hour [$67,971.00 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 is $44.18 per hour]; $44.18*10 = $441.81 and 
$44.18*50 = $2,209.06. The average compensation for an office 
services supervisor is $40.15/hour [$61,776.00 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 is $40.15 per hour]; $40.15*40 = $1,606.18 and 
$40.15*60 = $2,409.26. The average compensation for a chief 
compliance officer is $110.97/hour [ $170,727 per year/(2000 hours 
per year)*1.3 = $110.97/hour]; $110.97*5 = $554.86. These figures 
are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and Professional 
Earnings in the Securities Industry.
    \150\ This estimate assumes 40-80 hours from a compliance 
attorney, 20-40 hours from an intermediate accountant, and 30-60 
hours from an office services supervisor. The average compensation 
for a compliance attorney is $85.35/hour [$131,303 per year/(2000 
hours per year)*1.3 is $85.35 per hour]; $85.35*40 = $3,413.88 and 
$85.35*80 = $6,827.768. The average compensation for an intermediate 
accountant is $34.11/hour [$52,484.00 per year/(2000 hours per 
year)*1.3 is $34.11 per hour]; $34.11*40 = $1364.58 and $34.11*80 = 
$2729.17. The average compensation for an office services supervisor 
is $40.15/hour [$61,776.00 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 is 
$40.15 per hour]; $40.15*20 = $803.09 and $40.15 *60 = $2,409.26. 
These figures are taken from the 2011 SIFMA Report on Management and 
Professional Earnings in the Securities Industry.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Posting the Firm Specific Disclosure Document and the schedules and 
data that would be required by Sec.  1.55(o) would require firms to 
update their Web site on a daily, monthly, and annual basis with the 
information that would be required under Sec.  1.55(o). The Commission 
estimates that these

[[Page 67924]]

updates would cost between $2,300 and $7,000 per year.\151\
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    \151\ This assumes 10-30 minutes of time per day from a 
programmer. The average compensation for a programmer is $53.64/hour 
[$82,518 per year/(2000 hours per year)*1.3 = $53.64/hour]; 
$53.64*43 = $2,145.47 and $53.64*130 is $6,972.77.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    Question 27: What modifications to the requirements of Sec.  
1.55(k)(10) should the Commission consider in order to ensure that the 
data provided from FCMs' most recent month-end is valuable to customers 
evaluating potential fellow customer risk?
     In particular, Is there additional information FCMs could 
provide related to the value of the FCM's proprietary margin 
requirements and customers' margin requirements that would assist 
current and potential customers when conducting due diligence on an 
FCM?
     Is there additional information FCMs could provide that 
would give customers a more complete picture of its ability to meet 
unexpected liquidity needs that could occur due to the default of one 
of its customers?
    Question 28: Would the data from an FCM's most recent month-end be 
more valuable to customers if it were coupled together with similar 
data or the same data from other points in time? If so, what points in 
time should the Commission consider?
Sec.  22.2 Futures Commission Merchants: Treatment of Cleared Swaps and 
Associated Cleared Swap Customer Collateral
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.Q, the 
proposed amendments to Sec.  22.2 would incorporate changes with 
respect to protection of funds for customers trading cleared swaps that 
are identical to the changes proposed for protection of futures 
customer funds. Those changes include: (1) Incorporating the same 
change to haircutting procedures as was proposed above in Sec.  1.17 
and Sec.  1.32 but for swaps; (2) requiring the FCM to send daily 
Segregation Calculations for cleared swaps to the Commission and DSRO; 
and (3) requiring that segregated investment detail report that FCMs 
produce twice per month, listing assets on deposit at each depository, 
to be sent to CFTC and DSRO electronically by 11:59 p.m. the following 
business day. Records of both reports would be required to be 
maintained in accordance with Sec.  1.31.
    In addition, the proposed rule would specify that FCMs must 
maintain residual interest in customer segregated accounts that is 
larger than the sum of all customer margin deficits. This proposed 
requirement is substantially identical to the proposed requirement in 
Sec. Sec.  1.22 and 30.7.
Benefits
    As discussed above with reference to Sec.  1.32, requiring FCMs to 
submit their daily segregation reports to the Commission and DSRO will 
enhance protection of customer funds by giving both of them additional 
information that, together with permission to view depository accounts 
online at any time, would enable both the Commission and DSRO to 
monitor those accounts more closely for any discrepancies that may 
result from operational errors or fraud. Moreover, requiring FCMs to 
submit their detailed list of depositories to the Commission and DSRO 
twice per month would give both organizations additional information 
that could help them perform spot checks to ensure that the FCM is 
valuing and haircutting securities correctly and, more generally, to 
verify that the value of each account that is computed by the FCM is 
accurate.
    As described in the discussion of cost and benefit considerations 
related to Sec.  1.22, by requiring that FCMs maintain residual 
interest in their cleared swap customer segregated accounts, the 
proposed rule would ensure that the FCM is not using one customer's 
funds to purchase, margin, secure, or settle positions for another 
customer and when combined with the reporting requirements in Sec.  
22.2 would provide the Commission and the public with sufficient 
information to verify that FCMs are not using one customer's funds to 
purchase, margin, secure or settle positions for another customer.
Costs
    With respect to costs, as described above, changes to the reporting 
requirements codify requirements that are already established by the 
DSROs. Therefore, the additional requirements will not introduce new 
costs for market participants. On the other hand, reducing the haircut 
increases the likelihood that adverse developments affecting the FCM's 
Sec.  1.25 investments could cause financial strain for the FCM, or 
could cause losses that the FCM would not be able to cover, either of 
which could increase risk to customer funds. However, as described 
above in the cost benefit considerations section related to Sec.  1.17, 
the Commission proposes that FCMs that are dual registrants will be 
able to use the SEC's haircutting procedures, and that FCMs that are 
not dual registrants do not typically invest in securities that would 
be subject to reduced haircuts under the SEC's proposed rules.
    By requiring FCMs to maintain residual interest in the cleared swap 
customer segregated accounts that is greater than the sum of their 
customers' margin deficits, the proposed rule would create costs and 
benefits that are substantially identical to those described in the 
cost and benefit considerations related to Sec.  1.22. As discussed in 
that section, the Commission does not have information to determine 
whether FCMs typically maintain residual interest in their cleared swap 
customer segregated accounts that is greater than or less than the sum 
of their customers' margin deficits, and requests information 
sufficient to make such a determination, and to quantify the associated 
costs, if any.
Request for Comment
    Question 29: The Commission requests comment regarding whether FCMs 
typically maintain residual interest in their customer segregated 
accounts that is greater than the sum of their customer margin 
deficits, and data from which the Commission may quantify the average 
difference between the amount of residual interest an FCM maintains in 
customer segregated accounts and the sum of customer margin deficit.
    Question 30: How much additional residual interest would FCMs hold 
in their customer segregated accounts in order to comply with the 
proposed regulation? What is the opportunity cost to FCMs associated 
with increasing the amount of capital FCMs place in residual interest, 
and data that would allow the Commission to replicate and verify the 
calculated estimates provided.
    Question 31: The Commission request information regarding the 
additional amount of capital that FCMs would likely maintain in their 
customer segregated accounts, if any, to comply with the proposed 
regulation. What is the average cost of capital for an FCM? Please 
provide data and calculations that would allow the Commission to 
replicate and verify the cost of capital that you estimate?
Sec.  22.17 Policies and Procedures Governing Disbursements of Cleared 
Swaps Customer Collateral From Cleared Swap Customer Accounts
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at in II.Q, 
proposed Sec.  22.17 would impose restrictions on an FCM's withdrawal 
of its residual interest, and

[[Page 67925]]

requires that if a withdrawal of residual interest for proprietary use 
causes the FCM to fall below its targeted residual interest that the 
funds be replenished the following business day or the residual 
interest target be lowered in accordance with its policies and 
procedures established under Sec.  1.11.
Benefits and Costs of the Proposed Changes
    The costs and benefits are similar to those created by Sec. Sec.  
1.23 and 1.11 but apply to customer funds in Cleared Swaps Customer 
Accounts rather than customer segregated accounts, and therefore are in 
addition to those specified in Sec. Sec.  1.23 and 1.11.
Sec.  30.1 Definitions
Proposed Changes
    Proposed Sec.  30.1 establishes definitions for ``30.7 Customer,'' 
``30.7 Account,'' and ``30.7 Customer Funds.'' The first is defined as 
any foreign futures or foreign option customer, together with any 
foreign-domiciled person who trades in foreign futures or foreign 
options trough an FCM. ``30.7 Account'' and ``30.7 Customer Funds'' are 
then defined accordingly. These definitions would replace the terms 
``foreign futures or foreign options customer,'' ``foreign futures or 
foreign options customer account,'' and ``foreign futures or foreign 
options customer funds,'' respectively. The existing term ``foreign 
futures or foreign options customer'' only includes U.S.-domiciled 
customers that deposit funds with an FCM for use in trading foreign 
futures or foreign options. The proposed definitions, on the other 
hand, would include both U.S. and foreign customers that deposit funds 
with an FCM for use in trading foreign futures or foreign options.
Benefits and Costs of the Proposed Changes
    These definitions play a `gatekeeping' function with respect to 
other rules by determining what customers are included as ``30.7 
Customers.'' However, the costs and benefits of these changes are 
attributable to the substantive requirements related to the 
definitions, and therefore are discussed in the cost benefit 
considerations related to Sec.  30.7.
Sec.  30.7 Treatment of Foreign Futures or Foreign Options Secured 
Amount
Proposed Changes
    As described in the section by section discussion at II.R, the 
proposed amendments would: (1) Incorporate the funds of foreign-
domiciled investors deposited with an FCM for investment in foreign 
futures and foreign options within the protections provided in 30.7; 
(2) eliminate the Alternative Method and require the Net Equity 
Liquidation Method for calculating 30.7 customer segregation 
requirements; (3) add specificity to the written acknowledgments that 
FCMs and DCOs must obtain from their depositories by providing required 
templates; \152\ (4) add restrictions on withdrawing from residual 
interest; \153\ (5) require that 30.7 Customer Funds deposited in a 
bank must be available for immediate withdrawal at the request of the 
FCM; (6) clarify that the FCM is responsible for any losses related to 
investing 30.7 Customer Funds in investments that comply with Sec.  
1.25; (7) add a prohibition against making unsecured loans to customers 
or using the funds in the customer's trading account as security for 
the loan; (8) require daily segregation reports and detailed list of 
depositories be submitted to the Commission and DSRO, and that targeted 
residual interest be included in both of those reports; (9) allow FCMs 
that are not dual registrants to use the broker-dealer (``BD'') 
procedure for assigning a smaller haircut to instruments with low 
default risk; (10) establish a limit on the amount of funds in a 30.7 
Account that can be held outside the United States; \154\ and (11) 
require FCMs to maintain residual interest in 30.7 Accounts that is 
larger than the sum of all 30.7 Customer margin deficits. This proposed 
requirement is substantially identical to the proposed requirement in 
Sec. Sec.  1.22 and 22.2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \152\ The additional specificity incorporates the same 
requirements for acknowledgment and agreement that are contained in 
the templates in the appendices of Sec. Sec.  1.20 and 1.26.
    \153\ The same requirements as are proposed for futures 
customers' funds and cleared swaps customers' funds, including a 
requirement for the FCM to abide by its policies and procedures 
required in Sec.  1.11.
    \154\ As a result of the proposed changes, the rules in Sec.  
30.7 for the protection of 30.7 Customer Funds would be 
substantially the same as the rules for the protection of segregated 
customer funds under 4(d) and Sec. Sec.  1.11-1.32, and the rules 
for the protection of cleared swaps customer funds in Sec.  22. 
However, there are a few proposed changes to Sec.  30.7 that are 
dissimilar to current or proposed regulations protecting futures 
customer funds and cleared swap customer funds. They are: (1) the 
definition of the minimum amount that must be deposited in a 30.7 
Account for each 30.7 Customer is different than in the 
corresponding requirements in 1.20 and 22.2. The difference is due 
to the fact that 30.7 Customers' funds may be deposited overseas 
under a different regulatory regime and the proposed rule would 
require an FCM to comply with the highest requirement that is 
relevant to those funds, whether it is the U.S. or the foreign 
regime; (2) the list of acceptable depositories for 30.7 Funds 
includes banks or trusts outside of the U.S. with more than $1 
billion in regulatory capital, and various other participants of 
foreign boards of trade and their depositories; and (3) 30.7 limits 
the amount of funds from a 30.7 Account that can be held outside the 
U.S.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

A. Compared to Customer Protections Under Sec. Sec.  1.20-1.32 and 
Sec.  22

    The result of the proposed changes is that the regulatory 
requirements established in Sec.  30.7 for the protection of 30.7 
Customer Funds would be substantially the same as those established for 
segregated customer funds under 4(d) and Sec. Sec.  1.11-1.32, and for 
cleared swaps customer funds in Sec.  22. However, the 30.7 regime 
would have distinct requirements with respect to: (1) the definition of 
the minimum amount that must be deposited in a 30.7 Account for each 
30.7 Customer is different than in the corresponding requirements in 
Sec. Sec.  1.12 and 22.2.\155\ The difference is due to the fact that 
30.7 Customers' funds may be deposited overseas under a different 
regulatory regime. The rule requires that FCMs abide by the highest 
requirement that is relevant to those funds, whether it is the United 
States or the foreign regime; (2) the list of acceptable depositories 
for 30.7 Funds includes banks or trusts outside of the United States 
with more than $1 billion in regulatory capital, and various other 
participants of foreign boards of trade and their depositories; and (3) 
30.7 limits the amount of funds from a 30.7 Account that can be held 
outside the United States. Of these three differences, the third is the 
only one created by the proposed rule, and therefore is the only one 
incorporated in the cost benefit considerations discussion.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \155\ See Sec.  30.7(a).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Benefits and Costs of the Proposed Changes
    The proposed changes would establish regulations for the protection 
of customer funds deposited for trading in foreign futures and options 
that, with limited exceptions, is substantively identical to the 
protections that exist for futures customer funds and cleared swaps 
customer funds. Therefore, many of the costs and benefits of the 
changes that are proposed are identical to those described above in the 
cost benefit considerations related to Sec. Sec.  1.11-1.32 and Sec.  
22.
    1. Incorporating funds of foreign-domiciled investors deposited 
with an FCM for investment in foreign futures and foreign options 
within the protections provided in 30.7

[[Page 67926]]

Benefits
    Currently, when an FCM receives funds from foreign customers for 
use in trading foreign futures and foreign options, the FCM may choose, 
but is not required, to keep foreign customer funds in a segregated 
account. If the funds are not kept in a segregated account, they are 
not subject to the same level of oversight and protection as other 
customer funds. For example, those funds are not incorporated in the 
daily or bi-monthly calculations that are submitted to the Commission 
and DSRO, and the FCM is permitted to use the assets of one foreign 
customer to cover the obligations of another foreign customer, may 
allow a net deficiency to exist in the funds of foreign customers held 
for use in foreign futures or foreign options, and is allowed to 
commingle such funds with the FCM's proprietary funds and use them as 
part of its business capital.
    The benefit or requiring customer funds to be kept in segregated 
accounts is that those funds would receive the same protections as 
funds deposited by U.S.-domiciled investors. This enhances the safety 
of funds deposited by both U.S. and foreign investors by ensuring that 
the FCM maintains sufficient funds in segregated accounts to satisfy 
its obligations regarding all customer funds that have been deposited 
at the FCM.
    The proposed change would extend equivalent oversight and 
protection to the money, securities and property received by an FCM for 
or on behalf of a foreign-domiciled customer for foreign futures or 
foreign options trading. Specifically, FCMs would be required to hold 
the funds of foreign-domiciled customers in 30.7 secured accounts, to 
include such funds in daily and bi-monthly calculations of 30.7 
requirements and funds set aside for 30.7 customers, and to abide by 
other policies and procedures regarding handling of customer funds. 
This is a benefit because FCMs would be required to hold sufficient 
funds in 30.7 accounts at all times to cover the obligations they have 
to their foreign-domiciled customers as well as their U.S.-domiciled 
customers. Various regulations designed to ensure that this requirement 
is met at all times would also apply, including the Sec.  30.7(g) 
restrictions on an FCM's withdrawal of its residual interest which is 
commingled with customer 30.7 funds, and policies and procedures 
developed by the FCM pursuant to Sec.  1.11 that are designed to ensure 
safe handling of such funds.
    Application of the additional protections designed for customer 
funds will help to ensure that in the event an FCM has insufficient 
regulatory capital, all 30.7 Customer Funds are available to be ported 
to another FCM. This benefit is relevant both to foreign-domiciled 
customers and to U.S.-domiciled customers holding money at an FCM where 
foreign-domiciled customers also hold funds because, as described 
above, in the event of a bankruptcy both groups of customers are 
entitled to equivalent protections regardless of whether their funds 
were held apart in separate accounts. Consequently, under the current 
rules, if an FCM keeps foreign-domiciled customer funds out of 30.7 
accounts and then defaults, there may not be sufficient funds to cover 
the obligations of the FCM to all of their U.S.-domiciled as well as 
foreign-domiciled customers. If this occurs, all customers would 
receive a pro-rata share of the funds that were kept in 30.7 accounts, 
regardless of which customers' funds were kept in the 30.7 account. 
U.S.-domiciled customers would possibly suffer a pro rata loss of their 
funds in the event of the FCM's bankruptcy because an FCM may not have 
included foreign-domiciled customer funds in 30.7 accounts. The 
proposed rule would prevent this situation from occurring, thus 
providing increased protection not only to the foreign-domiciled 
customers that deposited funds, but to the U.S.-domiciled customers as 
well.
    According to FIA, ``FCMs have generally adopted policies and 
procedures designed to provide protections to all customers trading on 
foreign boards of trade that are comparable to the protections afforded 
customers trading on U.S. futures markets.'' \156\ If true, the 
proposed change would not create substantial costs or benefits in 
periods of normal activity for the FCM. However, under current 
regulations, FCMs still have the ability to diverge from the 
aforementioned practices they have generally adopted, and can pull 
foreign-domiciled customer funds out of 30.7 accounts and use those 
funds as if they were their own. It is precisely in a time of stress 
for an FCM that these protections for customer funds are most needed to 
prevent the FCM from commingling such funds with its own capital and 
using it to meet the general obligations of the firm. It is not 
possible to quantify the value of the additional protection that would 
be provided to non-U.S.-based customers on the basis of the proposed 
change. To do so would require data sufficient to estimate the 
probability and expected magnitude of losses due to lesser protections 
for funds deposited by foreign-domiciled customers, and the Commission 
does not have such data. The Commission, however, requests public 
comment regarding these benefits, and specifically requests any data 
commenters can provide that would assist the Commission in quantifying 
such benefits.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \156\ FIA ``Initial Recommendations for Customer Funds 
Protection,'' p. 10.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Costs
    With respect to costs the Commission understands that in practice, 
FCMs have generally adopted practices that provide equivalent 
protections to funds deposited by customers domiciled in the U.S. and 
those who are not. Therefore, during normal operations the proposed 
requirement would not create any additional costs. However, the 
proposed amendment will prevent an FCM from using foreign-domiciled 
customer funds for trading foreign futures and foreign options as its 
own capital, thus reducing the FCM's liquidity which increases risk to 
the FCM in times of stress. As a consequence, the FCM will have an 
incentive to keep more capital in order to protect itself since it will 
no longer be able to use such funds to meet or secure its own 
obligations. The Commission does not have adequate data to quantify the 
cost of FCMs' decreased liquidity or the cost of the additional capital 
they may hold as a result. Doing so would require estimates of 
probabilities regarding the likelihood of an FCM's liquidity crisis, 
likelihood they hold foreign-domiciled customer funds for use in 
foreign futures and foreign options trading, the amount of such funds, 
the duration of the liquidity crisis, and a number of other factors 
that the Commission does not have adequate information to estimate.
Request for Comment
    Question 32: The Commission requests comment from the public 
regarding the extent to which FCMs currently provide equivalent 
protections to U.S.-domiciled and foreign-domiciled customers for 
trading foreign futures and foreign options, as well as the probability 
and expected size of losses that foreign-domiciled customers may face 
due to lesser regulatory protection. In addition, the Commission 
requests comment about any additional impact this change may have on 
U.S. domiciled investors, foreign investors, or the public.\157\
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    \157\ Questions posed to the public have been numbered for 
commenters' convenience. The Commission requests that commenters 
identify the number of the question they are addressing when 
responding to specific questions posed by the Commission.

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[[Page 67927]]

    2. Eliminate the Alternative Method and require the Net Equity 
Liquidation Method for calculating 30.7 Customer segregation 
requirements
Benefits
    Under the current regulations FCMs are allowed to use the 
Alternative Method, which only requires the maintenance of sufficient 
funds in the foreign futures or foreign options account to satisfy the 
margin required on open positions plus or minus any unrealized gains or 
losses on such positions, and any funds representing option premiums or 
funds necessary to margin or guarantee such options.
    By removing the Alternative Method, which the Commission 
understands is not in use, and requiring the Net Liquidating Equity 
Method, the proposed rules benefit customers by reducing the risk that 
a shortfall in customer funds could exist where an FCM operates in 
compliance with Commission regulations. More specifically, by requiring 
the FCM to segregate in separate accounts sufficient funds to satisfy 
the full account equities of all of its customers trading foreign 
futures or foreign options, the FCM would have sufficient funds in 
segregated accounts to meet all of their obligations to all such 
customers at any time, including in the event the FCM defaults. 
Further, in the event of default, the proposed regulations would 
facilitate the transfer of assets to another FCM by assuring the 
receiving FCM that there are sufficient funds to cover the liabilities 
that it may be assuming.
Costs
    With respect to costs, as described above, the Commission 
understands that in practice, all FCMs are currently using the Net 
Liquidating Equity Method. However, FCMs currently have the option to 
switch to the Alternative Method, which they would have an incentive to 
do if the FCM needed additional liquidity. The proposal would prohibit 
an FCM switching to the Alternative Method, thereby preventing an FCM 
from using some portion of customer funds as if it were its own 
operational capital. In doing so, the proposed rule would reduce the 
FCM's options for obtaining liquidity.
    The Commission does not have adequate data to quantify the cost of 
this change. Doing so would require estimates of probabilities 
regarding the likelihood of an FCM's liquidity crisis, likelihood they 
hold foreign-domiciled customer funds for use in foreign futures and 
foreign options trading, the amount of such funds, the amount that are 
typically required to margin open positions for 30.7 Customers, and a 
number of other factors that the Commission does not have adequate 
information to estimate. However, as above, the Commission notes that 
it does not believe that FCMs should consider any customer funds a 
source of liquidity.
    3. Specific requirements contained in the written acknowledgments 
that FCMs and DCOs must obtain from their depositories
    The costs and benefits resulting from this change are similar to 
those discussed the cost benefit considerations sections related to 
Sec. Sec.  1.20 and 1.26, but affect 30.7 Customer funds rather than 
futures customer funds, and therefore are in addition to the costs and 
benefits discussed in the cost benefit considerations sections related 
to Sec.  1.20 and Sec.  1.26.
    4. Restrictions on withdrawing from residual interest, including a 
requirement for the FCM to abide by its policies and procedures 
required in Sec.  1.11
    The costs and benefits resulting from this change are similar to 
those discussed the cost benefit sections related to Sec. Sec.  1.23 
and 1.11, but affect 30.7 Customer funds rather than futures customer 
funds, and therefore are in addition to the costs and benefits 
discussed in cost benefit considerations sections related to Sec. Sec.  
1.23 and 1.11.
    5. Require that 30.7 Customer Funds deposited in a bank must be 
available for immediate withdrawal at the request of the FCM
    The costs and benefits resulting from this change are similar to 
those discussed cost benefit considerations sections related to 
Sec. Sec.  1.20, but affect 30.7 Customer Funds rather than futures 
customer funds, and therefore are in addition to the costs and benefits 
discussed in the cost benefit considerations section related to Sec.  
1.20.
    6. Clarification that the FCM is responsible for any losses related 
to investing 30.7 Customer Funds in investments that comply with Sec.  
1.25
    The costs and benefits resulting from this change are similar to 
those discussed in the cost benefit considerations section related to 
Sec.  1.29, but affect 30.7 Customer Funds rather than futures customer 
funds, and therefore are in addition to the costs and benefits 
discussed in the cost benefit considerations sections related to 
Sec. Sec.  1.20 and 1.29.
    7. Prohibition against making unsecured loans to customers and 
against using the funds in the customer's trading account as security 
for the loan
    The costs and benefits resulting from this change are similar to 
those discussed the cost benefit considerations section related to 
Sec.  1.30, but affect 30.7 Customer funds rather than futures customer 
funds, and therefore are in addition to the costs and benefits 
discussed in that section.
    8. Require daily segregation reports and segregated investment 
detail reports be submitted to the Commission and DSRO, and that 
targeted residual interest be included in those reports
    The costs and benefits resulting from this change are similar to 
those discussed the cost benefit considerations sections related to 
Sec.  1.32, but affect 30.7 Customer funds rather than futures customer 
funds, and therefore are in addition to the costs and benefits 
discussed in that section.
    9. Allow FCMs that are not dual registrants to abide by the BD 
procedure for assigning a smaller haircut to investments purchased with 
customer funds that have low default risk
    The costs and benefits resulting from this change are similar to 
those discussed in the cost benefit sections related to Sec. Sec.  1.32 
and 22.2, but affect 30.7 Customer funds rather than futures customer 
funds, and therefore are in addition to the costs and benefits 
discussed in those sections.
Question
    Question 33: However, the Commission requests comment regarding the 
extent to which 30.7 Customer funds held outside the United States may 
be invested in instruments that are subject to reduced haircuts under 
the proposed SEC rules, and the effect that will have on the capital 
requirements of U.S. domiciled FCMs.
    10. Proposed Sec.  30.7(c) limits the amount of funds from a 30.7 
Account that can be held outside the U.S.
    Funds held overseas are subject to different regulatory and 
bankruptcy regimes that may not offer comparable protections for 
customer funds, creating additional repatriation risks to those funds. 
For example, if an FCM carrying 30.7 funds, some of which were held in 
depositories outside the U.S., were to default, it is possible that the 
Trustee would not be able to recover sufficient funds to repay all the 
FCM's obligations to 30.7 Customers. As noted above, this is especially 
true if the funds are deposited with an overseas affiliate of the FCM, 
as the likelihood of coincident bankruptcies of affiliated financial 
firms

[[Page 67928]]

is exceedingly high. In such an event, the funds held at the affiliate 
would be distributed in accordance with the insolvency rules of the 
foreign jurisdiction. In such a case each 30.7 Customer would likely 
receive a pro-rata share of the funds that the Trustee is able recover, 
when the Trustee is able to recover them. The proposed limit on amount 
of funds that can be held outside the U.S. would ensure that as much of 
the customers' funds as possible remain subject to the U.S. regulatory 
and bankruptcy regimes, eliminating repatriation risk to those funds. 
By eliminating this risk for a larger percentage of the 30.7 funds, the 
proposed rule promotes higher recovery rates for 30.7 account funds if 
the FCM defaults, which helps ensure that 30.7 Customers receive the 
largest pro rata distribution possible.
    Regarding costs, the proposed change effectively prohibits FCMs 
from increasing the amount of 30.7 Customer Funds they hold overseas. 
This restriction may reduce the return that FCMs may be able to achieve 
through their investment of customer funds.
    11. As described in the discussion of cost and benefit 
considerations related to Sec.  1.22, by requiring that FCMs maintain 
residual interest in segregated accounts, the proposed rule would 
ensure that the FCM is not using one customer's funds to purchase, 
margin, secure, or settle positions for another customer and when 
combined with the reporting requirements in Sec.  30.7 would provide 
the Commission and the public with sufficient information to verify 
that FCMs are not using one customer's funds to purchase, margin, 
secure or settle positions for another customer.
    Regarding costs, by requiring FCMs to maintain residual interest in 
their 30.7 Accounts that is greater than the sum of their 30.7 
Customers' margin deficits, the proposed rule would create costs and 
benefits that are substantially identical to those described in the 
cost and benefit considerations related to Sec.  1.22. As discussed in 
that section, the Commission does not have information to determine 
whether FCMs typically maintain residual interest in their 30.7 
Accounts that is greater than or less than the sum of their 30.7 
Customers' margin deficits, and requests information sufficient to make 
such a determination, and to quantify the associated costs, if any.
Additional Requests for Comment Related to the Commission's Proposed 
Consideration of Costs and Benefits
    Question 34: The Commission requests comment on all aspects of its 
proposed consideration of the costs and benefits of the rulemaking. 
More specifically, the Commission requests dollar estimates of the 
costs and the value of the benefits of the proposed rules described 
herein, including supporting data. In addition, the Commission requests 
comment on whether there are additional costs or benefits related to 
the proposed rules that the Commission should consider, as well as 
whether there are alternative approaches that would be more effective 
in light of the purpose of the proposal. Commenters should provide 
analysis and empirical data to support their views on the costs and 
benefits associated with the proposed rule.
    Question 35: The Commission requests comment regarding the 
different ways in which the proposed rules will impact FCMs that are 
different sizes and that are operating with different business models. 
In particular, are there any specific proposed requirements that would 
be particularly costly for either small or large FCMs to follow? Are 
there any specific proposed requirements that would be especially 
costly for FCMs with a particular business model to follow? If so, 
please explain and where possible please quantify specific costs.
    Question 36: The Commission requests comment regarding the effects 
of the proposed amendments on the composition of the FCM industry 
including bank subsidiaries versus stand-alone FCMs, large versus 
small, retail customer oriented versus wholesale, possible 
consolidation, etc. Please explain and provide supporting data.
    Question 37: The Commission also requests comment regarding the 
potential impact of the proposed regulations on specific groups of 
customers. Will the proposed rules make it more difficult for certain 
groups of customers to obtain FCM services?

IV. Administrative Compliance

A. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (``RFA'') \158\ requires Federal 
agencies, in promulgating regulations, to consider the impact of those 
regulations on small entities. The Commission has previously 
established certain definitions of ``small entities'' to be used by the 
Commission in evaluating the impact of its rules on small entities in 
accordance with the RFA.\159\ The proposed regulations would affect 
FCMs and DCOs. The Commission previously has determined that FCMs are 
not small entities for purposes of the RFA, and, thus, the requirements 
of the RFA do not apply to FCMs.\160\ The Commission's determination 
was based, in part, upon the obligation of FCMs to meet the minimum 
financial requirements established by the Commission to enhance the 
protection of customers' segregated funds and protect the financial 
condition of FCMs generally.\161\ The Commission also has previously 
determined that DCOs are not small entities for the purpose of the 
RFA.\162\ Accordingly, the Chairman, on behalf of the Commission, 
hereby certifies pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that the proposed 
regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.
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    \158\ 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.
    \159\ 47 FR 18618 (Apr. 30, 1982).
    \160\ Id. at 18619.
    \161\ Id.
    \162\ See 66 FR 45605, 45609, Aug. 29, 2001.
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    The Commission invites comments on the impact of this proposed 
regulation on small entities.

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The Paperwork Reduction Act (``PRA'') provides that a federal 
agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to 
respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently 
valid control number issued by the Office of Management and Budget 
(``OMB''). This proposed rulemaking contains several collections of 
information that have not been approved previously by OMB. The 
collections contained in this rulemaking are proposed to be mandatory.
    To avoid double accounting for the PRA burden hours of collections 
that already have been assigned control numbers by OMB, or for burden 
hours contained in pending collections of information--in particular 
existing collection 3038-0024 and proposed revisions thereto, and 
existing collections 3038-0052 and 3038-0091--this PRA analysis 
contains only burden estimates for collections of information that have 
not previously been submitted to OMB. The Commission seeks comment on 
those collections of information contained in this rulemaking that 
would increase the burden hours contained in each of the related 
currently valid or proposed collections.
    In particular, the Commission will submit to OMB information 
collection requests (``ICR'') that address the new collection burdens 
that would result from the finalization of these proposed rules on or 
before the publication of the proposed rules, as required by 44 U.S.C. 
3506(c)(2)(B) and 5 CFR 1320.11. All interested parties may submit 
comments

[[Page 67929]]

on this analysis and the associated ICR to the Commission and to OMB, 
as provided below.
    The Commission will protect proprietary information according to 
the Freedom of Information Act (``FOIA'') and 17 CFR part 145, 
``Commission Records and Information.'' In addition, section 8(a)(1) of 
the Act strictly prohibits the Commission, unless specifically 
authorized by the Act, from making public ``data and information that 
would separately disclose the business transactions or market positions 
of any person and trade secrets or names of customers.'' The Commission 
is also required to protect certain information contained in a 
government system of records according to the Privacy Act of 1974.
1. Collections of Information
    The proposed amendments would require FCMs to adopt new policies 
and procedures, keep records related to such policies and procedures 
and submit reports of such policies and procedures, including certain 
management approvals, to the Commission. In addition, the proposals 
alter existing FCM reporting requirements in process and substance, 
including changes to certain schedules and proposed schedules to the 
Form 1-FR-FCM (the Segregation Schedule and Secured Amount Schedule); 
changes to the process for filing such schedules and additional 
frequency for such filings; and requiring detailed information 
supporting such schedules to also be reported to the Commission and the 
FCM's designated self-regulatory organization.
    Further FCMs and depositories accepting customer funds will be 
required to obtain acknowledgment letters in specified formats and file 
them directly with the Commission and the FCM's designated self-
regulatory organization. Records will have to be kept of approvals of 
certain withdrawals made of an FCM's residual interest in customer 
funds and further reported to the Commission. Additional notices will 
also be required to be filed with the Commission under the proposed 
amendments. The examination process of SROs and DSROs is proposed to be 
amended with new recordkeeping and reporting requirements being 
imposed, as well as a required report to be obtained from an 
examinations expert and filed with the Commission. Lastly, disclosures 
made by FCMs to customers will be enhanced and records of such 
disclosures will have to be maintained and reported to the Commission.
    As noted, some of these proposed amendments will result in the 
alteration of existing regulations covered by existing collections 
which have already been assigned OMB control numbers. Others will 
result in additional or new collection burdens, which will be 
incorporated into the most relevant existing collection maintained by 
the Commission and previously approved by or submitted for approval to 
OMB.
a. Proposed Revision to Collection 3038-0024
    Collection 3038-0024 is currently in force, with its control number 
having been provided by OMB. In addition, the collection was proposed 
to be revised in May 2011, with the approval of and issuance of a 
control number by OMB presently pending. Certain collections contained 
in this rulemaking would result in further revisions to the collection, 
as discussed herein.
    First, the Segregation Schedules and the Secured Amount Schedule, 
required to be filed under Sec.  1.10, have been proposed to be changed 
to reflect the FCM's target for residual amounts and the sum of margin 
deficits. The proposed amendments will also increase the frequency of 
filing these schedules to daily under Sec. Sec.  1.32 and 30.7. 
However, daily computations were previously required with respect to 
the subject matter of these schedules and monthly filing procedure for 
these schedules is already in place, and these schedules are already 
subject to an OMB control number. Thus, the revision of collection 
3038-0024 requires only incremental change to capture the new elements 
of Sec.  1.10. One time initial system changes, if any, that will need 
to be made to effect daily filing of the detail previously required in 
the monthly report is anticipated to require between 40 and 80 burden 
hours for the approximately 72 firms required to comply with the new 
provisions of Sec.  1.10, depending on the size of the firm the 
complexity of their systems. The additional filing requirement, which 
may be effected electronically by the approximately 72 firms that will 
be required to make daily filings, is anticipated to increase the 
burdens associated with Sec.  1.10 by an anticipated 10-20 minutes for 
each of the approximately 20 days per month that such reports were not 
previously required to be filed.
    Additionally, the proposed amendments include new requirements for 
FCMs to establish comprehensive risk management programs under new 
Sec.  1.11, and maintain associated recordkeeping as well as furnish 
reports related to such risk management programs to the Commission and 
the FCM's DSRO. Included within the risk management programs will be 
specific requirements for FCMs to establish and maintain written 
policies and procedures regarding the safeguarding of all customer 
funds.
    Collection burdens associated with the safeguarding of customer 
funds under the Commission's regulations prior to the proposed 
amendments are already subject to OMB control numbers. Accordingly, the 
proposed revisions to collection 3038-0024 require only incremental 
change to capture the new elements of Sec.  1.11. The estimated burden 
associated with Sec.  1.11 will be divided into two components, a 
onetime cost to establish the written policies and procedures and an 
annual burden to maintain the such policies and procedures. Currently 
there are 72 respondents subject to this change, many of which are 
expected simply to establish and maintain policies and procedures 
around their existing risk management programs. The estimated number of 
hours to create the initial set of policies and procedures by 
consolidation of existing risk management practices is anticipated to 
average 75 hours across the 72 respondents that will be obligated to 
comply. The estimated total annual maintenance burden on each 
respondent is anticipated increase by an average 25 hours annually 
across the 72 recordkeepers.
    The collection is further being revised to reflect additional 
proposed requirements for notifications under Sec.  1.12, and the 
additional required filings contained in the proposed amendments under 
Sec. Sec.  1.20, 1.23, 1.32, and 30.7. Currently there are 72 
respondents estimated to be subject to these changes. The total of all 
proposed changes to the Schedules of the Form 1-FR, which is already 
subject to an OMB control number, is anticipated to be incremental, and 
it is estimated that the proposed changes will add 15 minutes to the 
preparation and filing of each report.
    The proposed revision to Sec.  1.12(i) will require FCMs to report 
to the Commission if the FCM discovers or is informed that it has 
invested funds held for futures customers in instruments that are not 
permitted investments under Sec.  1.25. This new report will be done on 
an as required basis. It is estimated that this report will be 
completed by two respondents per year with a burden of one hour for 
each report.
    The proposed revision to Sec.  1.12(j) will require FCMs to 
immediately report to the Commission if a withdrawal of funds from 
accounts holding futures customers funds causes the amount on

[[Page 67930]]

deposit in such accounts to be less than the FCM's targeted excess or 
residual interest in such accounts, or if the residual interest is less 
than the sum of all margin deficits. The accounting needed to make 
these reports is already conducted under the Commission's regulations 
for the purpose of ensuring compliance with the Commission's existing 
customer protection regulations. Once an event requiring notice is 
identified, it is anticipated that five respondents per year will be 
obligated to provide notices to the Commission under Sec.  1.12(j), 
with an additional burden of up to two hours for each notice.
    The Commission is also proposing to amend paragraphs (k) and (l) of 
Sec.  1.12 which will require an FCM to provide notice to the 
Commission in the event of a material change in the financial condition 
of the firm or the firm's operations. These new reports each will be 
prepared and submitted on an as required basis, and are similar to 
other notices required to be filed by FCMs in Parts 1 and 190, for 
example, of the Commission's regulations. Moreover, FCMs are already 
subject to significant regulations in Part 1 that require each FCM to 
continuously monitor their financial condition and report shortfalls in 
net capital. It is estimated that the notices that would be required 
under paragraphs (k) and (l) of Sec.  1.12 will be made by five 
respondents per year with a burden of up to three hours for each 
notice.
    FCMs will be required under Sec.  1.20 to obtain and submit to the 
Commission written acknowledgments, in a form and format being proposed 
and expected to be required by the Commission, from any depository 
institution, including certain DCOs, at which futures customer funds 
will be segregated. It is estimated that the execution and filing of 
new acknowledgment letters will be completed by five respondents per 
year with a burden of up to two hours for completion and filing. It is 
estimated that the maintaining of acknowledgment letters prescribed by 
the Commission will be conducted by as many as 40 depository 
institutions annually with an estimated burden of 45 minutes per 
respondent.
    FCMs are currently required to obtain and maintain in its files an 
acknowledgment letter from depositories for each account holding 
customer funds, in the form specified by the Commission. The obtaining 
and maintaining of the acknowledgement letters will be done on an as 
required basis and are already subject to an OMB control number. 
Proposed revisions to Sec.  1.20(d) additionally would require FCMs to 
retain and file these acknowledgment letters electronically with the 
Commission. This new retention and filing will be done on an as 
required basis. It is estimated that the filing of an estimated 1 to 2 
new acknowledgment letters will be conducted by 72 respondents per 
year, with a burden of 30 minutes associated with the retention and 
filing of each of these acknowledgments.
    Finally with respect to Sec.  1.20, a derivatives clearing 
organization may adopt and submit to the Commission rules providing for 
the segregation of customer funds that may be carried by the DCO that 
would substitute for the acknowledgment letters completed by other 
depositories. It is anticipated that approximately 17 of the DCOs 
registered with the Commission will adopt and submit such rules, with 
an estimated burden of 45 hours for the adoption and submission of such 
rules. The DCO also must obtain acknowledgment letters from any 
depository institution at which the DCO places segregated funds, and 
these depository institutions must provide the Commission with direct 
access to the customer account information at all times. It is 
anticipated that as many as 40 depository institutions may complete 
such letters, and provide ongoing access to the Commission, with a one-
time burden of 45 minutes per respondent for the completion of such 
letters, and an estimated annual burden of 60 hours associated with 
providing account access to the Commission.
    Similarly, Sec.  30.7(d) is being revised to require FCMs that 
maintain 30.7 Customer Accounts to obtain and maintain in its files, an 
acknowledgment letter from depositories for each account holding 30.7 
Customer Funds, in the form specified by the Commission, and Sec.  1.26 
provides for the same from any institution segregating customer funds 
in a money market mutual fund account. The proposed revisions to these 
regulations require FCMs to file such acknowledgment letters 
electronically with the Commission. The obtaining and maintaining of 
the acknowledgement letters will be done on an as required basis. It is 
estimated that the maintaining of acknowledgment letters will be 
completed by 56 respondents with a burden of 45 minutes per respondent. 
The completion of the acknowledgment letters by the depositories, 
estimated at approximately 90 institutions, is expected to be 45 
minutes per letter. Additionally, the requirement that these 
acknowledgement letters be electronically filed with the Commission is 
anticipated to result in 6 minutes of burden to 56 respondents per year 
with respect to the proposed revisions to Sec.  30.7 and the same for 
the proposed revisions to Sec.  1.26.
    The Commission is also proposing to amend Sec.  1.23(c) to require 
an FCM to immediately file written notice with the Commission if the 
firm withdraws more than 25 percent of its residual interest in 
segregated accounts. This new filing will be done on an as required 
basis. It is estimated that the filing of these notices will be 
completed by ten respondents per year with a burden of one hour for 
each filing.
    Pursuant to the proposed revisions of Sec. Sec.  1.32(c) and (d), 
the Segregation Statement shall be completed on a daily basis and filed 
by noon the following business day. Although the rule proposed herein 
now require daily filing of the Segregation Statement, it should be 
noted that the Segregation Statement is statement is already required 
to be prepared and retained on a daily basis, thus the additional time 
electronically filing the statement on a daily basis is minimal. 
Currently there are 72 respondents subject to this change. The 
estimated total annual burden on each respondent is 2 hours.
    Pursuant to the proposed revisions of Sec.  1.32(g) each FCM that 
holds customer funds is required to file the segregated investment 
detail report twice monthly. Although the rule proposed herein requires 
twice monthly filing of the segregated investment detail report, it 
should be noted that the segregated investment detail report is already 
required to be prepared twice monthly by the FCM's designated self-
regulatory organization. Thus the additional time to electronically 
file the statement with the Commission is minimal. Currently there are 
72 respondents subject to this change. The estimated total annual 
burden on each respondent is 5 minutes per report.
    Similar to the proposed revisions of Sec.  1.32 discussed above, 
Sec.  30.7(m) requires that the Statement of Secured Amounts shall be 
completed on a daily basis and filed electronically by noon the 
following business day. Although the rule proposed herein now require 
daily filing of the Secured Amounts Statement, it should be noted that 
the Secured Amounts is statement is already required to be prepared and 
retained on a daily basis, thus the additional time electronically 
filing the statement on a daily basis is minimal. Currently there are 
56 respondents subject to this change. The estimated total annual 
burden on each respondent is 2 hours.

[[Page 67931]]

    Revisions to Sec.  30.7(i) will also require that FCMs keep records 
of customer funds including a daily valuation of each instrument and 
supporting documentation of such daily valuation. Currently there are 
56 respondents subject to this change. The estimated total annual 
burden on each respondent is 100 hours.
    Finally, Sec.  1.55 would require public disclosures to be made by 
an FCM to its customers respecting the limitations applicable to and 
risks associated with the segregation of funds, among other things. It 
is anticipated that 72 FCMs will provide such notices through the 
standardization of account opening documents or distribution of the 
notices therewith. Each FCM is expected to expend up to 4-20 hours 
incorporating the notice, which is prescribed by regulation, into its 
account opening process for customers that will establish new accounts, 
and up to 10 minutes per customer providing the notices on a one-time 
basis to as many as 3,000 customers and accounts opened by existing 
customers.
b. Proposed Revision to Collection 3038-0052
    The above-referenced collection titled ``Part 38--Designated 
Contract Markets'' includes all burden associated with Sec.  1.52, 
``Self-regulatory organization adoption and surveillance of minimum 
financial requirements''. The proposed amendments include additional 
requirements for SROs to adopt for their examination procedures, 
including the requirement to have examination programs reviewed by an 
examinations expert and having the report of such examinations expert 
filed with the Commission at least once every two years. Regulation 
1.52 already contains significant requirements with respect to the 
examination programs to be established and maintained by SROs, which 
are subject already to an OMB control number. The increase in the 
burden under this collection for the adoption of enhanced examination 
procedures, including the recordkeeping and reporting, to the extent 
such may be necessary by any SRO to which Sec.  1.52 is necessary, is 
estimated to add up to 50 burden hours to as many as 15 DCMs.
c. Proposed Revision to Collection 3038-0091
    Collection 3038-0091was established with the adoption of Part 22 of 
the Commissions regulations concerning Cleared Swaps in .February 2012 
The proposed amendments would require revisions to this collection with 
respect to recordkeeping and reporting associated with additional 
filings of the Cleared Swaps Segregation Schedule daily under Sec.  
22.2(g), and the associated recordkeeping and reporting with respect to 
notices of withdrawals under a newly proposed Sec.  22.17. The 
collection burden associated with the proposed amendments is 
anticipated to increase by 10 minutes per day and is anticipated to 
affect 100 entities.
2. Information Collection Comments
    The Commission invites the public and other Federal agencies to 
comment on any aspect of the proposed information collection 
requirements discussed above. Pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(B), the 
Commission will consider public comments on such proposed requirements 
in:
    [cir] Evaluating whether the proposed collections of information 
are necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the 
Commission, including whether the information will have a practical 
use;
    [cir] Evaluating the accuracy of the estimated burden of the 
proposed information collection requirements, including the degree to 
which the methodology and the assumptions that the Commission employed 
were valid;
    [cir] Enhancing the quality, utility, and clarity of the 
information proposed to be collected; and
    [cir] Minimizing the burden of the proposed information collection 
requirements on FCMs, SDs, and MSPs, including through the use of 
appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological 
information collection techniques, e.g., permitting electronic 
submission of responses.
    Copies of the submission from the Commission to OMB are available 
from the CFTC Clearance Officer, 1155 21st Street NW., Washington, DC 
20581, (202) 418-5160 or from http://RegInfo.gov. Organizations and 
individuals desiring to submit comments on the proposed information 
collection requirements should send those comments to the OMB Office of 
Information and Regulatory Affairs at:
    [cir] The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of 
Management and Budget, Room 10235, New Executive Office Building, 
Washington, DC 20503, Attn: Desk Officer of the Commodity Futures 
Trading Commission;
    [cir] (202) 395-6566 (fax); or
    [cir] OIRAsubmissions@omb.eop.gov (email).
    Please provide the Commission with a copy of submitted comments so 
that all comments can be summarized and addressed in the final 
rulemaking. Please refer to the ADDRESSES section of this rulemaking 
for instructions on submitting comments to the Commission. OMB is 
required to make a decision concerning the proposed information 
collection requirements between thirty (30) and sixty (60) days after 
publication of the NPRM in the Federal Register. Therefore, a comment 
to OMB is best assured of receiving full consideration if OMB (as well 
as the Commission) receives it within thirty (30) days of publication 
of this NPRM. The time frame for commenting on the PRA does not affect 
the deadline established by the Commission on the proposed rules, 
provided in the DATES section of this rulemaking.

V. Text of Proposed Rules

List of Subjects

17 CFR Part 1

    Brokers, Commodity futures, Consumer protection, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

17 CFR Part 3

    Associated persons, Brokers, Commodity futures, Customer 
protection, Major swap participants, Registration, Swap dealers.

17 CFR Part 22

    Brokers, Clearing, Consumer protection, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Swaps.

17 CFR Part 30

    Commodity futures, Consumer protection, Currency, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

17 CFR Part 140

    Authority delegations (Government agencies), Organization and 
functions (Government agencies).

    In consideration of the foregoing and pursuant to the authority 
contained in the Act, as indicated herein, the Commission hereby 
proposes to amend chapter I of title 17 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations as follows:

PART 1--GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT

    1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to be read as 
follows:

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 1a, 2, 5, 6, 6a, 6b, 6c, 6d, 6e, 6f, 6g, 
6h, 6i, 6j, 6k, 6m, 6n, 6o, 6p, 6r, 6s, 7, 7a, 7b, 8, 9, 10a 12, 
12a, 12c, 13a, 13a-1, 16, 16a, 19, 21, 23, and 24 as amended by 
Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer 
Protection Act, Pub. L. 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010).

    2. Amend Sec.  1.3 by revising paragraph (rr) to read as follows:

[[Page 67932]]

Sec.  1.3  Definitions.

* * * * *
    (rr) Foreign futures or foreign options secured amount. This term 
means all money, securities and property received by a futures 
commission merchant from, for, or on behalf of 30.7 Customers as 
defined in Sec.  30.1 of this chapter:
    (1) To margin, guarantee, or secure foreign futures contracts and 
all money accruing to such 30.7 Customers as the result of such 
contracts;
    (2) In connection with foreign options transactions representing 
premiums payable or premiums received, or to guarantee or secure 
performance on such transactions; and
    (3) All money accruing to such 30.7 Customers as the result of 
trading in foreign futures contracts or foreign options.
* * * * *
    3. Amend Sec.  1.10 by:
    a. Revising paragraph (b)(1)(ii);
    b. Adding paragraph (b)(5); and
    c. Revising paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2)(i), (d)(1)(v), (d)(2)(iv), 
(d)(2)(vi), and (g)(2)(ii).
    The revisions and addition read as follows:


Sec.  1.10  Financial reports of futures commission merchants and 
introducing brokers.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) In addition to the monthly financial reports required by 
paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section, each person registered as a 
futures commission merchant must file a Form 1-FR-FCM as of the close 
of its fiscal year, which must be certified by an independent public 
accountant in accordance with Sec.  1.16, and must be filed no later 
than 60 days after the close of the futures commission merchant's 
fiscal year: Provided, however, that a registrant which is registered 
with the Securities and Exchange Commission as a securities broker or 
dealer must file this report not later than the time permitted for 
filing an annual audit report under Sec.  240.17a-5(d)(5) of this 
title.
* * * * *
    (5) Each futures commission merchant must file with the Commission 
the measure of the future commission merchant's leverage (i.e., total 
balance sheet assets, less any instruments guaranteed by the U.S. 
Government and held as an asset or to collateralize an asset (e.g., a 
reverse repo) divided by total capital (the sum of stockholders' equity 
and subordinated debt) all computed in accordance with U.S. generally 
accepted accounting principles as of the close of business each month. 
The filing is required to be made to the Commission within 17 business 
days of the close of the futures commission merchant's month end.
    (c) Where to file reports. (1) Form 1-FR filed by an introducing 
broker pursuant to paragraph (b)(2) of this section need be filed only 
with, and will be considered filed when received by, the National 
Futures Association. Other reports or information provided for in this 
section will be considered filed when received by the Regional office 
of the Commission with jurisdiction over the state in which the 
registrant's principal place of business is located (as set forth in 
Sec.  140.02 of this chapter) and by the designated self-regulatory 
organization, if any; and reports or other information required to be 
filed by this section by an applicant for registration will be 
considered filed when received by the National Futures Association. Any 
report or information filed with the National Futures Association 
pursuant to this paragraph shall be deemed for all purposes to be filed 
with, and to be the official record of, the Commission.
    (2)(i) All filings or other notices prepared by a futures 
commission merchant pursuant to this section must be submitted to the 
Commission in electronic form using a form of user authentication 
assigned in accordance with procedures established by or approved by 
the Commission, and otherwise in accordance with instructions issued by 
or approved by the Commission, if the futures commission merchant or a 
designated self-regulatory organization has provided the Commission 
with the means necessary to read and to process the information 
contained in such report. A Form 1-FR required to be certified by an 
independent public accountant in accordance with Sec.  1.16 which is 
filed by a futures commission merchant must be filed electronically.
* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (v) For a futures commission merchant only, the statements of 
segregation requirements and funds in segregation for customers trading 
on U.S. commodity exchanges and for customers' dealer options accounts, 
the statement of secured amounts and funds held in separate accounts 
for 30.7 Customers (as defined in Sec.  30.1 of this chapter) in 
accordance with Sec.  30.7 of this chapter, and the statement of 
cleared swaps customer segregation requirements and funds in cleared 
swaps customer accounts under section 4d(f) of the Act as of the date 
for which the report is made; and
* * * * *
    (2) * * *
    (iv) For a futures commission merchant only, the statements of 
segregation requirements and funds in segregation for customers trading 
on U.S. commodity exchanges and for customers' dealer options accounts, 
the statement of secured amounts and funds held in separate accounts 
for 30.7 Customers (as defined in Sec.  30.1 of this chapter) in 
accordance with Sec.  30.7 of the chapter, and the statement of cleared 
swaps customers segregation requirements and funds in cleared swaps 
customer accounts under section 4d(f) of the Act as of the date for 
which the report is made;
* * * * *
    (vi) A reconciliation, including appropriate explanations, of the 
statement of the computation of the minimum capital requirements 
pursuant to Sec.  1.17 of this part and, for a futures commission 
merchant only, the statements of segregation requirements and funds in 
segregation for customers trading on U.S. commodity exchanges and for 
customers' dealer option accounts, the statement of secured amounts and 
funds held in separate accounts for 30.7 Customers (as defined in Sec.  
30.1 of this chapter) in accordance with Sec.  30.7 of this chapter, 
and the statement of cleared swaps customer segregation requirements 
and funds in cleared swaps customer accounts under section 4d(f) of the 
Act, in the certified Form 1-FR with the applicant's or registrant's 
corresponding uncertified most recent Form 1-FR filing when material 
differences exist or, if no material differences exist, a statement so 
indicating; and
* * * * *
    (g) * * *
    (2) * * *
    (ii) The following statements and footnote disclosures thereof: the 
Statement of Financial Condition in the certified annual financial 
reports of futures commission merchants and introducing brokers; the 
Statements (to be filed by a futures commission merchant only) of 
Segregation Requirements and Funds in Segregation for customers trading 
on U.S. commodity exchanges and for customers' dealer options accounts, 
the Statement (to be filed by a futures commission merchant only) of 
Secured Amounts and Funds held in Separate Accounts for 30.7 Customers 
(as defined in Sec.  30.1of this chapter) in accordance with Sec.  30.7 
of this chapter, and the Statement (to be filed by futures

[[Page 67933]]

commission merchants only) of Cleared Swaps Customer Segregation 
Requirements and Funds in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts under section 
4d(f) of the Act.
* * * * *
    4. Add Sec.  1.11 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.11  Risk Management Program for Futures Commission Merchants.

    (a) Applicability. Nothing in this section shall apply to a futures 
commission merchant that does not accept any money, securities, or 
property (or extend credit in lieu thereof) to margin, guarantee, or 
secure any trades or contracts that result from soliciting or accepting 
orders for the purchase or sale of any commodity interest.
    (b) Definitions. For purposes of this section:
    (1) ``Business Unit'' means any department, division, group, or 
personnel of a futures commission merchant or any of its affiliates, 
whether or not identified as such that:
    (i) Engages in soliciting or in accepting orders for the purchase 
or sale of any commodity interest and that, in or in connection with 
such solicitation or acceptance of orders, accepts any money, 
securities, or property (or extends credit in lieu thereof) to margin, 
guarantee, or secure any trades or contracts that result or may result 
therefrom; or
    (ii) Otherwise handles Segregated Funds, including managing, 
investing, and overseeing the custody of Segregated Funds, or any 
documentation in connection therewith, other than for risk management 
purposes; and
    (iii) Any personnel exercising direct supervisory authority of the 
performance of the activities described in paragraph (b)(1)(i) or (ii) 
of this section.
    (2) ``Customer'' means a futures customer as defined at Sec.  1.3 
of this part, Cleared Swaps Customer as defined at Sec.  22.1 of this 
chapter, and 30.7 Customer as defined at Sec.  30.1 of this chapter.
    (3) ``Governing Body'' means the proprietor, if the futures 
commission merchant is a sole proprietorship; a general partner, if the 
futures commission merchant is a partnership; the board of directors if 
the futures commission merchant is a corporation; the chief executive 
officer, the chief financial officer, the manager, the managing member, 
or those members vested with the management authority if the futures 
commission merchant is a limited liability company or limited liability 
partnership.
    (4) ``Segregated Funds'' means money, securities, or other property 
held by a futures commission merchant in separate accounts pursuant to 
Sec.  1.20 of this part for futures customers, pursuant to Sec.  22.2 
of this chapter for Cleared Swaps Customers, and pursuant to Sec.  30.7 
of this chapter for Sec.  30.7 Customers; and
    (5) ``Senior Management'' means, any officer or officers 
specifically granted the authority and responsibility to fulfill the 
requirements of senior management by the Governing Body.
    (c) Risk Management Program. (1) Each futures commission merchant 
shall establish, maintain, and enforce a system of risk management 
policies and procedures designed to monitor and manage the risks 
associated with the activities of the futures commission merchant as 
such. For purposes of this section, such policies and procedures shall 
be referred to collectively as a ``Risk Management Program.''
    (2) Each futures commission merchant shall maintain written 
policies and procedures that describe the Risk Management Program of 
the futures commission merchant.
    (3) The Risk Management Program and the written risk management 
policies and procedures, and any material changes thereto, shall be 
approved in writing by the Governing Body of the futures commission 
merchant.
    (4) Each futures commission merchant shall furnish a copy of its 
written risk management policies and procedures to the Commission and 
its designated self-regulatory organization upon application for 
registration and thereafter upon request.
    (d) Risk management unit. As part of the Risk Management Program, 
each futures commission merchant shall establish and maintain a risk 
management unit with sufficient authority; qualified personnel; and 
financial, operational, and other resources to carry out the risk 
management program established pursuant to this section. The risk 
management unit shall report directly to Senior Management and shall be 
independent from the Business Unit.
    (e) Elements of the Risk Management Program. The Risk Management 
Program of each futures commission merchant shall include, at a 
minimum, the following elements:
    (1) Identification of risks and risk tolerance limits. (i) The Risk 
Management Program shall take into account market, credit, liquidity, 
foreign currency, legal, operational, settlement, segregation, 
technological, capital, and any other applicable risks together with a 
description of the risk tolerance limits set by the futures commission 
merchant and the underlying methodology in the written policies and 
procedures. The risk tolerance limits shall be reviewed and approved 
quarterly by Senior Management and annually by the Governing Body. 
Exceptions to risk tolerance limits shall be subject to written 
policies and procedures.
    (ii) The Risk Management Program shall take into account risks 
posed by affiliates, all lines of business of the futures commission 
merchant, and all other trading activity engaged in by the futures 
commission merchant. The Risk Management Program shall be integrated 
into risk management at the consolidated entity level.
    (iii) The Risk Management Program shall include policies and 
procedures for detecting breaches of risk tolerance limits set by the 
futures commission merchant, and alerting supervisors within the risk 
management unit and Senior Management, as appropriate.
    (2) Periodic Risk Exposure Reports. (i) The risk management unit of 
each futures commission merchant shall provide to Senior Management and 
to its Governing Body quarterly written reports setting forth all 
applicable risk exposures of the futures commission merchant; any 
recommended or completed changes to the Risk Management Program; the 
recommended time frame for implementing recommended changes; and the 
status of any incomplete implementation of previously recommended 
changes to the Risk Management Program. For purposes of this section, 
such reports shall be referred to as ``Risk Exposure Reports.'' The 
Risk Exposure Reports also shall be provided to the Senior Management 
and the Governing Body immediately upon detection of any material 
change in the risk exposure of the futures commission merchant.
    (ii) Furnishing to the Commission. Each futures commission merchant 
shall furnish copies of its Risk Exposure Reports to the Commission 
within five (5) business days of providing such reports to its Senior 
Management.
    (3) Specific risk management considerations. The Risk Management 
Program of each futures commission merchant shall include, but not be 
limited to, policies and procedures necessary to monitor and manage the 
following risks:
    (i) Segregation Risk. The written policies and procedures shall be 
reasonably designed to ensure that Segregated Funds are separately 
accounted for and segregated or secured as belonging to Customers as 
required

[[Page 67934]]

by the Act and Commission regulations and must, at a minimum, include 
or address the following:
    (A) A process for the evaluation of depositories of Segregated 
Funds, including, at a minimum, documented criteria that any depository 
that will hold Segregated Funds, including an entity affiliated with 
the futures commission merchant, must meet, including criteria 
addressing the depository's capitalization, creditworthiness, 
operational reliability, and access to liquidity. The criteria should 
further consider the extent to which Segregated Funds are concentrated 
with any depository or group of depositories. The criteria also should 
include the availability of deposit insurance and the extent of the 
regulation and supervision of the depository;
    (B) A program to monitor an approved depository on an ongoing basis 
to assess its continued satisfaction of the futures commission 
merchant's established criteria, including a thorough due diligence 
review of each depository at least annually;
    (C) An account opening process for depositories, including 
documented authorization requirements, procedures that ensure that 
Segregated Funds are not deposited with a depository prior to the 
futures commission merchant receiving the acknowledgment letter 
required from such depository pursuant to Sec.  1.20 of this part, and 
Sec. Sec.  22.2 and 30.7 of this chapter, and procedures that ensure 
that such account is properly titled to reflect that it is holding 
Segregated Funds pursuant to the Act and Commission regulations;
    (D) A process for establishing a targeted amount of residual 
interest that the futures commission merchant seeks to maintain as its 
residual interest in the Segregated Funds accounts and such process 
must be designed to reasonably ensure that the futures commission 
merchant maintains the targeted residual amounts and remains in 
compliance with the Segregated Funds requirements at all times. The 
policies and procedures must require that Senior Management, in 
establishing the total amount of the targeted residual interest in the 
Segregated Funds accounts, perform appropriate due diligence and 
consider various factors, as applicable, relating to the nature of the 
futures commission merchant's business including, but not limited to, 
the composition of the futures commission merchant's Customer base, the 
general creditworthiness of the Customer base, the general trading 
activity of the Customers, the types of markets and products traded by 
the Customers, the proprietary trading of the futures commission 
merchant, the general volatility and liquidity of the markets and 
products traded by Customers, the futures commission merchant's own 
liquidity and capital needs, and the historical trends in Customer 
Segregated Fund balances, including margin debit and net deficit 
balances in Customers' accounts. The analysis and calculation of the 
targeted amount of the future commission merchant's residual interest 
must be described in writing with the specificity necessary to allow 
the Commission and the futures commission merchant's designated self-
regulatory organization to duplicate the analysis and calculation and 
test the assumptions made by the futures commission merchant. The 
adequacy of the targeted residual interest and the process for 
establishing the targeted residual interest must be reassessed 
periodically by Senior Management and revised as necessary;
    (E) A process for the withdrawal of cash, securities, or other 
property from accounts holding Segregated Funds, where the withdrawal 
is not for the purpose of payments to or on behalf of the futures 
commission merchant's Customers. Such policies and procedures must 
satisfy the requirements of Sec.  1.23 of this part, Sec.  22.17 of 
this chapter, or Sec.  30.7 of this chapter, as applicable;
    (F) A process for assessing the appropriateness of specific 
investments of Segregated Funds in permitted investments in accordance 
with Sec.  1.25 of this part. Such policies and procedures must take 
into consideration the market, credit, counterparty, operational, and 
liquidity risks associated with such investments, and assess whether 
such investments comply with the requirements in Sec.  1.25 of this 
part including that the futures commission merchant manage the 
permitted investments consistent with the objectives of preserving 
principal and maintaining liquidity;
    (H) Procedures requiring the appropriate separation of duties among 
individuals responsible for compliance with the Act and Commission 
regulations relating to the protection and financial reporting of 
Segregated Funds, including the separation of duties among personnel 
that are responsible for advising customers on trading activities, 
approving or overseeing cash receipts and disbursements (including 
investment operations), and recording and reporting financial 
transactions. The policies and procedures must require that any 
movement of funds to affiliated companies and parties are properly 
approved and documented;
    (I) A process for the timely recording of all transactions, 
including transactions impacting Customers' accounts, in the firm's 
books of record;
    (J) A program for conducting annual training of all finance, 
treasury, operations, regulatory, compliance, settlement, and other 
relevant officers and employees regarding the segregation requirements 
for Segregated Funds required by the Act and regulations, the 
requirements for notices under Sec.  1.12 of this part, procedures for 
reporting of suspected breaches of the policies and procedures required 
by this section to the chief compliance officer, without fear of 
retaliation, and the consequences of failing to comply with the 
segregation requirements of the Act and regulations; and
    (K) Policies and procedures for assessing the liquidity, 
marketability and mark-to-market valuation of all securities or other 
non-cash assets held as Segregated Funds, including permitted 
investments under Sec.  1.25 of this part, to ensure that all non-cash 
assets held in the Customer segregated accounts, both customer-owned 
securities and investments in accordance with Sec.  1.25 of this part, 
are readily marketable and highly liquid. Such policies and procedures 
must require daily measurement of liquidity needs with respect to 
Customers; assessment of procedures to liquidate all non-cash 
collateral in a timely manner and without significant effect on price; 
and application of appropriate collateral haircuts that accurately 
reflect market and credit risk.
    (ii) Operational Risk. The Risk Management Program shall include 
automated financial risk management controls reasonably designed to 
prevent the placing of erroneous orders, including those that exceed 
pre-set capital, credit, or volume thresholds. The Risk Management 
Program shall ensure that the use of automated trading programs is 
subject to policies and procedures governing the use, supervision, 
maintenance, testing, and inspection of such programs.
    (iii) Capital Risk. The written policies and procedures shall be 
reasonably designed to ensure that the futures commission merchant has 
sufficient capital to be in compliance with the Act and the 
regulations, and sufficient capital and liquidity to meet the 
reasonably foreseeable needs of the futures commission merchant.
    (4) Supervision of the Risk Management Program. The Risk Management 
Program shall include a supervisory system that is reasonably

[[Page 67935]]

designed to ensure that the policies and procedures required by this 
section are diligently followed.
    (f) Review and testing. (1) The Risk Management Program of each 
futures commission merchant shall be reviewed and tested on at least an 
annual basis, or upon any material change in the business of the 
futures commission merchant that is reasonably likely to alter the risk 
profile of the futures commission merchant.
    (2) The annual reviews of the Risk Management Program shall include 
an analysis of adherence to, and the effectiveness of, the risk 
management policies and procedures, and any recommendations for 
modifications to the Risk Management Program. The annual testing shall 
be performed by qualified internal audit staff that are independent of 
the Business Unit or by a qualified third party audit service reporting 
to staff that are independent of the Business Unit. The results of the 
annual review of the Risk Management Program shall be promptly reported 
to and reviewed by the chief compliance officer, Senior Management, and 
Governing Body of the futures commission merchant.
    (3) Each futures commission merchant shall document all internal 
and external reviews and testing of its Risk Management Program and 
written risk management policies and procedures including the date of 
the review or test; the results; any deficiencies identified; the 
corrective action taken; and the date that corrective action was taken. 
Such documentation shall be provided to Commission staff, upon request.
    (g) Distribution of risk management policies and procedures. The 
Risk Management Program shall include procedures for the timely 
distribution of its written risk management policies and procedures to 
relevant supervisory personnel. Each futures commission merchant shall 
maintain records of the persons to whom the risk management policies 
and procedures were distributed and when they were distributed.
    (h) Recordkeeping. (1) Each futures commission merchant shall 
maintain copies of all written approvals required by this section.
    (2) All records or reports, including, but not limited to, the 
written policies and procedures and any changes thereto, that a futures 
commission merchant is required to maintain pursuant to this regulation 
shall be maintained in accordance with Sec.  1.31 and shall be made 
available promptly upon request to representatives of the Commission.
    5. Amend Sec.  1.12 by revising paragraphs (a)(1) and (2), (b)(1), 
(2), and (4), (c), (d), (e), (f)(2) through (4), (f)(5)(i), (g), (h), 
and (i), and by adding new paragraphs (j), (k), (l), (m), and (n), to 
read as follows:


Sec.  1.12  Maintenance of minimum financial requirements by futures 
commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    (a) * * *
    (1) Give notice, as set forth in paragraph (n) of this section, 
that the applicant's or registrant's adjusted net capital is less than 
required by Sec.  1.17 of this part or by other capital rule, 
identifying the applicable capital rule. The notice must be given 
immediately after the applicant or registrant knows or should have 
known that its adjusted net capital is less than required by any of the 
aforesaid rules to which the applicant or registrant is subject; and
    (2) Provide together with such notice documentation, in such form 
as necessary, to adequately reflect the applicant's or registrant's 
capital condition as of any date on which such person's adjusted net 
capital is less than the minimum required; Provided, however, that if 
the applicant or registrant cannot calculate or otherwise immediately 
determine its financial condition, it must provide the notice required 
by paragraph (a)(1) of this section and include in such notice a 
statement that the entity cannot presently calculate its financial 
condition. The applicant or registrant must provide similar 
documentation of its financial condition for other days as the 
Commission may request.
    (b) * * *
    (1) 150 percent of the minimum dollar amount required by Sec.  
1.17(a)(1)(i)(A) of this part;
    (2) 110 percent of the amount required by Sec.  1.17(a)(1)(i)(B) of 
this part;
* * * * *
    (4) For securities brokers or dealers, the amount of net capital 
specified in Rule 17a-11(c) of the Securities and Exchange Commission 
(17 CFR 240.17a-11(c)), must file notice to that effect, as set forth 
in paragraph (n) of this section, as soon as possible and no later than 
twenty-four (24) hours of such event.
    (c) If an applicant or registrant at any time fails to make or keep 
current the books and records required by these regulations, such 
applicant or registrant must, on the same day such event occurs, 
provide notice of such fact as specified in paragraph (n) of this 
section, specifying the books and records which have not been made or 
which are not current, and as soon as possible, but not later than 
forty-eight (48) hours after giving such notice, file a report as 
required by paragraph (n) of this section stating what steps have been 
and are being taken to correct the situation.
    (d) Whenever any applicant or registrant discovers or is notified 
by an independent public accountant, pursuant to Sec.  1.16(e)(2) of 
this part, of the existence of any material inadequacy, as specified in 
Sec.  1.16(d)(2) of this part, such applicant or registrant must give 
notice of such material inadequacy, as provided in paragraph (n) of 
this section, as soon as possible but not later than twenty-four (24) 
hours of discovering or being notified of the material inadequacy. The 
applicant or registrant must file, in the manner provided for under 
paragraph (n) of this section, a report stating what steps have been 
and are being taken to correct the material inadequacy within forty-
eight (48) hours of filing its notice of the material inadequacy.
    (e) Whenever any self-regulatory organization learns that a member 
registrant has failed to file a notice or report as required by this 
section, that self-regulatory organization must immediately report this 
failure by notice, as provided in paragraph (n) of this section.
    (f) * * *
    (2) Whenever a registered futures commission merchant determines 
that any position it carries for another registered futures commission 
merchant or for a registered leverage transaction merchant must be 
liquidated immediately, transferred immediately or that the trading of 
any account of such futures commission merchant or leverage transaction 
merchant shall be only for purposes of liquidation, because the other 
futures commission merchant or the leverage transaction merchant has 
failed to meet a call for margin or to make other required deposits, 
the carrying futures commission merchant must immediately give notice, 
as provided in paragraph (n) of this section, of such a determination.
    (3) Whenever a registered futures commission merchant determines 
that an account which it is carrying is undermargined by an amount 
which exceeds the futures commission merchant's adjusted net capital 
determined in accordance with Sec.  1.17 of this part, the futures 
commission merchant must immediately provide notice, as provided in 
paragraph (n) of this section, of such a determination to the 
designated self-regulatory organization and the Commission. This 
paragraph (f)(3) shall apply to any account carried by the futures

[[Page 67936]]

commission merchant, whether a customer, noncustomer, omnibus or 
proprietary account. For purposes of this paragraph (f)(3), if any 
person has an interest of 10 percent or more in ownership or equity in, 
or guarantees, more than one account, or has guaranteed an account in 
addition to its own account, all such accounts shall be combined.
    (4) A futures commission merchant shall provide immediate notice, 
as provided in paragraph (n) of this section, whenever any commodity 
interest account it carries is subject to a margin call, or call for 
other deposits required by the futures commission merchant, that 
exceeds the futures commission merchant's excess adjusted net capital, 
determined in accordance with Sec.  1.17 of this part, and such call 
has not been answered by the close of business on the day following the 
issuance of the call. This applies to all accounts carried by the 
futures commission merchant, whether customer, noncustomer, or omnibus, 
that are subject to margining, including commodity futures, cleared 
swaps, and options. In addition to actual margin deposits by an account 
owner, a futures commission merchant may also take account of favorable 
market moves in determining whether the margin call is required to be 
reported under this paragraph.
    (5)(i) A futures commission merchant shall provide immediate 
notice, as provided in paragraph (n) of this section, whenever its 
excess adjusted net capital is less than six percent of the maintenance 
margin required by the futures commission merchant on all positions 
held in accounts of a noncustomer other than a noncustomer who is 
subject to the minimum financial requirements of:
    (A) A futures commission merchant, or
    (B) The Securities and Exchange Commission for a securities broker 
or dealer.
* * * * *
    (g) A futures commission merchant shall provide notice, as provided 
in paragraph (n) of this section, of a substantial reduction in capital 
as compared to that last reported in a financial report filed with the 
Commission pursuant to Sec.  1.10 of this part. This notice shall be 
provided as follows:
    (1) If any event or series of events, including any withdrawal, 
advance, loan or loss cause, on a net basis, a reduction in net capital 
(or, if the futures commission merchant is qualified to use the filing 
option available under Sec.  1.10(h) of this part, tentative net 
capital as defined in the rules of the Securities and Exchange 
Commission) of 20 percent or more, notice must be provided as provided 
in paragraph (n) of this section within two business days of the event 
or series of events causing the reduction stating the reason for the 
reduction and steps the futures commission merchant will be taking to 
ensure an appropriate level of net capital is maintained by the futures 
commission merchant; and
    (2) If equity capital of the futures commission merchant or a 
subsidiary or affiliate of the futures commission merchant consolidated 
pursuant to Sec.  1.17(f) of this part (or 17 CFR 240.15c3-1e) would be 
withdrawn by action of a stockholder or a partner or a limited 
liability company member or by redemption or repurchase of shares of 
stock by any of the consolidated entities or through the payment of 
dividends or any similar distribution, or an unsecured advance or loan 
would be made to a stockholder, partner, sole proprietor, limited 
liability company member, employee or affiliate, such that the 
withdrawal, advance or loan would cause, on a net basis, a reduction in 
excess adjusted net capital (or, if the futures commission merchant is 
qualified to use the filing option available under Sec.  1.10(h) of 
this part, excess net capital as defined in the rules of the Securities 
and Exchange Commission) of 30 percent or more, notice must be provided 
as provided in paragraph (n) of this section at least two business days 
prior to the withdrawal, advance or loan that would cause the 
reduction: Provided, however, That the provisions of paragraphs (g)(1) 
and (g)(2) of this section do not apply to any futures or securities 
transaction in the ordinary course of business between a futures 
commission merchant and any affiliate where the futures commission 
merchant makes payment to or on behalf of such affiliate for such 
transaction and then receives payment from such affiliate for such 
transaction within two business days from the date of the transaction.
    (3) Upon receipt of such notice from a futures commission merchant, 
or upon a reasonable belief that a substantial reduction in capital has 
occurred or will occur, the Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and 
Intermediary Oversight or the Director's designee may require that the 
futures commission merchant provide or cause a Material Affiliated 
Person (as that term is defined in Sec.  1.14(a)(2) of this part) to 
provide, within three business days from the date of request or such 
shorter period as the Division Director or designee may specify, such 
other information as the Division Director or designee determines to be 
necessary based upon market conditions, reports provided by the futures 
commission merchant, or other available information.
    (h) Whenever a person registered as a futures commission merchant 
knows or should know that the total amount of its funds on deposit in 
segregated accounts on behalf of customers trading on designated 
contract markets, or the amount of funds on deposit in segregated 
accounts for customers transacting in Cleared Swaps under part 22 of 
this chapter, or that the total amount set aside on behalf of customers 
trading on non-United States markets under part 30 of this chapter, is 
less than the total amount of such funds required by the Act and the 
regulations to be on deposit in segregated or secured amount accounts 
on behalf of such customers, the registrant must report such deficiency 
immediately by notice to the registrant's designated self-regulatory 
organization and the Commission, as provided in paragraph (n) of this 
section.
    (i) A futures commission merchant must provide immediate notice, as 
set forth in paragraph (n) of this section, whenever it discovers or is 
informed that it has invested funds held for futures customers trading 
on designated contract markets pursuant to Sec.  1.20 of this part, 
Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral, as defined in Sec.  22.1 of this 
chapter, or 30.7 Customer Funds, as defined in Sec.  30.1 of this 
chapter, in instruments that are not permitted investments under Sec.  
1.25 of this part, or has otherwise violated the requirements governing 
the investment of funds belonging to customers under Sec.  1.25 of this 
part.
    (j) A futures commission merchant must provide immediate notice, as 
provided in paragraph (n) of this section, whenever the futures 
commission merchant does not hold a sufficient amount of funds in 
segregated accounts for futures customers under Sec.  1.20 of this 
part, in segregated accounts for Cleared Swaps Customers under part 22 
of this chapter, or in secured amount accounts for customers trading on 
foreign market under part 30 of this chapter to meet the futures 
commission merchant's targeted residual interest in the segregated or 
secured amount accounts pursuant to its policies and procedures 
required under Sec.  1.11 of this part, or whenever the futures 
commission merchant's amount of residual interest in any such accounts 
is less than the sum of all margin deficits for such accounts.

[[Page 67937]]

    (k) A futures commission merchant must provide immediate notice, as 
provided in paragraph (n) of this section, whenever the futures 
commission merchant, or the futures commission merchant's parent or 
material affiliate, experiences a material adverse impact to its 
creditworthiness or ability to fund its obligations.
    (l) A futures commission merchant must provide immediate notice, as 
provided in paragraph (n) of this section, whenever the futures 
commission merchant experiences a material change in its operations or 
risk profile, including a change in the senior management of the 
futures commission merchant, the establishment or termination of a line 
of business, a material adverse change in the futures commission 
merchant's clearing arrangements, or a material adverse change to the 
futures commission merchant's credit arrangements, including any change 
that could adversely impact the firm's liquidity resources.
    (m) In the event that a futures commission merchant receives a 
notice, examination report, or any other correspondence from a 
designated self-regulatory organization, the Securities and Exchange 
Commission or a securities industry self-regulatory organization, the 
futures commission merchant must immediately file a copy of such 
notice, examination report, or any other correspondence, and the 
registrant's response, as appropriate, as provided in paragraph (n) of 
this section.
    (n) Notice. (1) Every notice and report required to be filed by 
this section by a futures commission merchant or a self-regulatory 
organization must be filed with the Commission, with the designated 
self-regulatory organization, if any, and with the Securities and 
Exchange Commission, if such registrant is a securities broker or 
dealer. Every notice and report required to be filed by this section by 
an applicant for registration as a futures commission merchant must be 
filed with the National Futures Association (on behalf of the 
Commission), with the designated self-regulatory organization, if any, 
and with the Securities and Exchange Commission, if such applicant is a 
securities broker or dealer. Every notice or report that is required to 
be filed by this section by a futures commission merchant or a self-
regulatory organization must include a discussion of how the reporting 
event originated and what steps have been, or are being taken, to 
address the reporting event.
    (2) Every notice and report which an introducing broker or 
applicant for registration as an introducing broker is required to file 
by paragraphs (a), (c), and (d) of this section must be filed with the 
National Futures Association (on behalf of the Commission), with the 
designated self-regulatory organization, if any, and with every futures 
commission merchant carrying or intending to carry customer accounts 
for the introducing broker or applicant for registration as an 
introducing broker. Any notice or report filed with the National 
Futures Association pursuant to this paragraph shall be deemed for all 
purposes to be filed with, and to be the official record of, the 
Commission. Every notice or report that is required to be filed by this 
section by an introducing broker or applicant for registration as an 
introducing broker must include a discussion of how the reporting event 
originated and what steps have been, or are being taken, to address the 
reporting event.
    (3) Every notice or report that is required to be filed by a 
futures commission merchant with the Commission or with a designated 
self-regulatory organization under this section must be in writing and 
must be filed via electronic transmission using a form of user 
authentication assigned in accordance with procedures established by or 
approved by the Commission, and otherwise in accordance with 
instructions issued by or approved by the Commission; Provided, 
however, that if the registered futures commission merchant cannot file 
the notice or report using the electronic transmission approved by the 
Commission due to a transmission or systems failure, the futures 
commission merchant must immediately contact the Commission's Regional 
office with jurisdiction over the futures commission merchant as 
provided in Sec.  140.02 of this chapter, and by email to 
FCMNotice@CFTC.gov. Any such electronic submission must clearly 
indicate the futures commission merchant on whose behalf such filing is 
made and the use of such user authentication in submitting such filing 
will constitute and become a substitute for the manual signature of the 
authorized signer.
    6. Amend Sec.  1.15 by revising paragraph (a)(4) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  1.15  Risk assessment reporting requirements for futures 
commission merchants.

    (a) * * *
    (4) The reports required to be filed pursuant to paragraphs (a)(1) 
and (2) of this section must be filed via electronic transmission using 
a form of user authentication assigned in accordance with procedures 
established by or approved by the Commission, and otherwise in 
accordance with instructions issued by or approved by the Commission. 
Any such electronic submission must clearly indicate the registrant on 
whose behalf such filing is made and the use of such user 
authentication in submitting such filing will constitute and become a 
substitute for the manual signature of the authorized signer.
* * * * *
    7. Amend Sec.  1.16 by revising paragraphs (a)(4), (b)(1), (c)(1), 
(c)(2), and (f)(1)(i)(C), and by adding paragraph (b)(4) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  1.16  Qualifications and reports of accountants.

    (a) * * *
    (4) Customer. The term ``customer'' means customer, as defined in 
Sec.  1.3 of this part, and 30.7 Customer, as defined in Sec.  30.1 of 
this chapter.
    (b) Qualifications of accountants. (1) The Commission will 
recognize any person as a certified public accountant who is duly 
registered and in good standing as such under the laws of the place of 
his residence or principal office; Provided, however, that a certified 
public accountant engaged to conduct an examination of a futures 
commission merchant must be registered with the Public Company 
Accounting Oversight Board, have undergone an examination by the Public 
Company Accounting Oversight Board, and any deficiencies noted during 
such examination must have been remediated to the satisfaction of the 
Public Company Accounting Oversight Board within three years of such 
report.
* * * * *
    (4) The governing body of each futures commission merchant must 
ensure that the certified public accountant engaged is duly qualified 
to perform an audit of the futures commission merchant. Such an 
evaluation of the qualifications of the certified public accountant 
should include, among other issues, the certified public accountant's 
experience in auditing futures commission merchants, the depth of the 
certified public accountant's staff, the certified public accountant's 
knowledge of the Act and Regulations, the size and geographic location 
of the futures commission merchant, and the independence of the 
certified public accountant.
    (c) * * *
    (1) Technical requirements. The accountant's report must:
    (i) Be dated;
    (ii) Indicate the city and State where issued; and

[[Page 67938]]

    (iii) Identify without detailed enumeration the financial 
statements covered by the report.
    (2) Representations as to the audit. The accountant's report must 
state whether the audit was made in accordance with U.S. generally 
accepted auditing standards after full consideration to the auditing 
standards adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, and 
must designate any auditing procedures deemed necessary by the 
accountant under the circumstances of the particular case which have 
been omitted and the reasons for their omission. However, nothing in 
this paragraph (c)(2) shall be construed to imply authority for the 
omission of any procedure which independent accountants would 
ordinarily employ in the course of an audit made for the purposes of 
expressing the opinion required by paragraph (c)(3) of this section.
* * * * *
    (f)(1) * * *
    (i) * * *
    (C) Any copy that under this paragraph (f)(1)(i) is required to be 
filed with the Commission must be filed via electronic transmission 
using a form of user authentication assigned in accordance with 
procedures established by or approved by the Commission, and otherwise 
in accordance with instructions issued by or approved by the 
Commission. Any such electronic submission must clearly indicate the 
registrant on whose behalf such filing is made and the use of such user 
authentication in submitting such filing will constitute and become a 
substitute for the manual signature of the authorized signer.
* * * * *
    8. Amend Sec.  1.17 by revising paragraphs (a)(4), (b)(2), (b)(7), 
(c)(5)(v), (c)(5)(viii), and (c)(5)(ix) to read as follows:


Sec.  1.17  Minimum financial requirements for futures commission 
merchants and introducing brokers.

    (a) * * *
    (4) A futures commission merchant who is not in compliance with 
this section, or is unable to demonstrate such compliance as required 
by paragraph (a)(3) of this section, or who cannot certify to the 
Commission immediately upon request and demonstrate with verifiable 
evidence that it has sufficient access to liquidity to continue 
operating as a going concern, must transfer all customer accounts and 
immediately cease doing business as a futures commission merchant until 
such time as the firm is able to demonstrate such compliance; Provided, 
however, The registrant may trade for liquidation purposes only unless 
otherwise directed by the Commission and/or the designated self-
regulatory organization; And, Provided further, That if such registrant 
immediately demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Commission or the 
designated self-regulatory organization the ability to achieve 
compliance, the Commission or the designated self-regulatory 
organization may in its discretion allow such registrant up to a 
maximum of 10 business days in which to achieve compliance without 
having to transfer accounts and cease doing business as required above. 
Nothing in this paragraph (a)(4) shall be construed as preventing the 
Commission or the designated self-regulatory organization from taking 
action against a registrant for non-compliance with any of the 
provisions of this section.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) Customer. This term means a futures customer as defined in 
Sec.  1.3 of this chapter, a cleared over the counter customer as 
defined in paragraph (b)(10) of this section, and a 30.7 Customer as 
defined in Sec.  30.1 of this chapter.
* * * * *
    (7) Customer account. This term means an account in which commodity 
futures, options or cleared over the counter derivative positions are 
carried on the books of the applicant or registrant which is an account 
that is included in the definition of customer as defined in Sec.  
1.17(b)(2).
* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (5) * * *
    (v) In the case of securities and obligations used by the applicant 
or registrant in computing net capital, and in the case of a futures 
commission merchant that invests funds deposited by futures customers 
as defined in Sec.  1.3 of this part, Cleared Swaps Customers as 
defined in Sec.  22.1 of this chapter, and 30.7 Customers as defined in 
Sec.  30.1 of this chapter in securities as permitted investments under 
Sec.  1.25 of this part, the deductions specified in Rule 240.15c3-
1(c)(2)(vi) or Rule 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vii) of the Securities and 
Exchange Commission (17 CFR 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) and 17 CFR 240.15c3-
1(c)(2)(vii)) (``securities haircuts''). Futures commission merchants 
that establish and enforce written policies and procedures to assess 
the credit risk of commercial paper, convertible debt instruments, or 
nonconvertible debt instruments in accordance with Rule 240.15c3-
1(c)(2)(vi) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (17 CFR 240.15c3-
1(c)(2)(vi)) may apply the lower haircut percentages specified in Rule 
240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) for such commercial paper, convertible debt 
instruments and nonconvertible debt instruments. Futures commission 
merchants must maintain their written policies and procedures in 
accordance with Sec.  1.31 of this part;
* * * * *
    (viii) In the case of a futures commission merchant, for 
undermargined customer commodity futures accounts and commodity option 
customer accounts the amount of funds required in each such account to 
meet maintenance margin requirements of the applicable board of trade 
or if there are no such maintenance margin requirements, clearing 
organization margin requirements applicable to such positions, after 
application of calls for margin or other required deposits which are 
outstanding no more than one business day. If there are no such 
maintenance margin requirements or clearing organization margin 
requirements, then the amount of funds required to provide margin equal 
to the amount necessary, after application of calls for margin or other 
required deposits outstanding no more than one business day, to restore 
original margin when the original margin has been depleted by 50 
percent or more: Provided, To the extent a deficit is excluded from 
current assets in accordance with paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section 
such amount shall not also be deducted under this paragraph 
(c)(5)(viii). In the event that an owner of a customer account has 
deposited an asset other than cash to margin, guarantee or secure his 
account, the value attributable to such asset for purposes of this 
subparagraph shall be the lesser of (A) the value attributable to the 
asset pursuant to the margin rules of the applicable board of trade, or 
(B) the market value of the asset after application of the percentage 
deductions specified in this paragraph (c)(5);
    (ix) In the case of a futures commission merchant, for 
undermargined commodity futures and commodity option noncustomer and 
omnibus accounts the amount of funds required in each such account to 
meet maintenance margin requirements of the applicable board of trade 
or if there are no such maintenance margin requirements, clearing 
organization margin requirements applicable to such positions, after 
application of calls for margin or other required deposits which

[[Page 67939]]

are outstanding no more than one business day. If there are no such 
maintenance margin requirements or clearing organization margin 
requirements, then the amount of funds required to provide margin equal 
to the amount necessary after application of calls for margin or other 
required deposits outstanding no more than one business day to restore 
original margin when the original margin has been depleted by 50 
percent or more: Provided, To the extent a deficit is excluded from 
current assets in accordance with paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section 
such amount shall not also be deducted under this paragraph (c)(5)(ix). 
In the event that an owner of a noncustomer or omnibus account has 
deposited an asset other than cash to margin, guarantee or secure his 
account the value attributable to such asset for purposes of this 
subparagraph shall be the lesser of the value attributable to such 
asset pursuant to the margin rules of the applicable board of trade, or 
the market value of such asset after application of the percentage 
deductions specified in this paragraph (c)(5);
* * * * *
    9. Revise Sec.  1.20 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.20  Futures customer funds to be segregated and separately 
accounted for.

    (a) General. A futures commission merchant must separately account 
for all futures customer funds and segregate such funds as belonging to 
its futures customers. A futures commission merchant shall deposit 
futures customer funds under an account name which clearly identifies 
them as futures customer funds and shows that such funds are segregated 
as required by sections 4d(a) and 4d(b) of the Act and this part. A 
futures commission merchant must at all times maintain in the separate 
account or accounts money, securities and property in an amount at 
least sufficient in the aggregate to cover its total obligations to all 
futures customers. The futures commission merchant must perform 
appropriate due diligence as required by Sec.  1.11 of this part on any 
and all locations of futures customer funds, as specified in paragraph 
(b) of this section, to ensure that the location in which the futures 
commission merchant has deposited such funds is a financially sound 
entity.
    (b) Location of futures customer funds. A futures commission 
merchant may deposit futures customer funds, subject to the risk 
management policies and procedures of the futures commission merchant 
required by Sec.  1.11 of this part, with the following depositories:
    (1) A bank or trust company;
    (2) A derivatives clearing organization; or
    (3) Another futures commission merchant.
    (c) Limitation on the holding of futures customer funds outside of 
the United States. A futures commission merchant may hold futures 
customer funds with a depository outside of the United States only in 
accordance with Sec.  1.49 of this part.
    (d) Written acknowledgment from depositories. (1) A futures 
commission merchant must obtain a written acknowledgment from each 
bank, trust company, derivatives clearing organization, or futures 
commission merchant prior to or contemporaneously with the opening of 
an account by the futures commission merchant with such depositories; 
Provided, however, that a written acknowledgment need not be obtained 
from a derivatives clearing organization that has adopted and submitted 
to the Commission rules that provide for the segregation of futures 
customer funds in accordance with all relevant provisions of the Act 
and the rules and orders promulgated thereunder.
    (2) The written acknowledgment must be in the form as set out in 
Appendix A to this part.
    (3) A futures commission merchant may deposit futures customer 
funds only with a depository that provides the Commission and the 
futures commission merchant's designated self-regulatory organization 
with direct, read-only access to account information on 24-hour a day 
basis. The Commission and the futures commission merchant's designated 
self-regulatory organization must receive the direct access when the 
account is opened. The written acknowledgment must contain the futures 
commission merchant's authorization to the depository to provide direct 
and immediate account access to the Commission and the futures 
commission merchant's designated self-regulatory organization without 
further notice to or consent from the futures commission merchant.
    (4) A futures commission merchant may deposit futures customer 
funds only with a depository that agrees to provide the Commission and 
the futures commission merchant's designated self-regulatory 
organization with a copy of the executed written acknowledgment within 
three business days of the opening of the account. The Commission must 
receive the written acknowledgment from the depository via electronic 
mail at acknowledgmentletters@cftc.gov. The written acknowledgment must 
contain the futures commission merchant's authorization to the 
depository to provide the written acknowledgment to the Commission and 
to the futures commission merchant's designated self-regulatory 
organization without further notice to or consent from the futures 
commission merchant.
    (5) A futures commission merchant may deposit futures customer 
funds only with a depository that agrees to reply promptly and directly 
to the Commission's or to the futures commission merchant's designated 
self-regulatory organization's requests for confirmation of account 
balances or other account information without further notice to or 
consent from the futures commission merchant. The written 
acknowledgment must contain the futures commission merchant's 
authorization to the depository to respond directly and immediately to 
requests from the Commission or the futures commission merchant's 
designated self-regulatory organization for confirmation of account 
balances and other account information without further notice to or 
consent from the futures commission merchant.
    (6) The futures commission merchant shall promptly file a copy of 
the written acknowledgment with the Commission in the manner specified 
by the Commission and in no event later than the later of:
    (i) The effective date of this rule; or
    (ii) Three business days after the account is opened.
    (7) A futures commission merchant shall amend the written 
acknowledgment and promptly file the amended acknowledgment with the 
Commission within 120 days of any changes in the following:
    (i) The name or business address of the futures commission 
merchant;
    (ii) The name or business address of the bank, trust company, 
derivatives clearing organization or futures commission merchant 
receiving futures customer funds; or
    (iii) The account number(s) under which futures customer funds are 
held.
    (8) A futures commission merchant must maintain each written 
acknowledgment readily accessible in its files in accordance with Sec.  
1.31 of this part, for as long as the account remains open, and 
thereafter for the period provided in Sec.  1.31 of this part.
    (e) Commingling. (1) A futures commission merchant may for 
convenience commingle the futures customer funds that it receives from, 
or on behalf of, multiple futures customers in a single account or 
multiple accounts with one or more of the depositories listed in 
paragraph (b) of this section.

[[Page 67940]]

    (2) A futures commission merchant shall not commingle futures 
customer funds with the money, securities or property of such futures 
commission merchant, or with any proprietary account of such futures 
commission merchant, or use such funds to secure or guarantee the 
obligation of, or extend credit to, such futures commission merchant or 
any proprietary account of such futures commission merchant; Provided, 
however, a futures commission merchant may deposit proprietary funds in 
segregated accounts as permitted under Sec.  1.23 of this part.
    (3) A futures commission merchant may not commingle futures 
customer funds with funds deposited by 30.7 Customers as defined in 
Sec.  30.1 of this chapter and set aside in separate accounts as 
required by part 30 of this chapter, or with funds deposited by Cleared 
Swaps Customers as defined in Sec.  22.1 of this chapter and held in 
segregated accounts pursuant to Section 4d(f) of the Act; Provided, 
however, that a futures commission merchant may commingle futures 
customer funds with funds deposited by 30.7 Customers or Cleared Swaps 
Customers if expressly permitted by a Commission regulation or order, 
or by a derivatives clearing organization rule approved in accordance 
with Sec.  39.15(b)(2) of this chapter.
    (f) Limitation on use of futures customer funds. (1) A futures 
commission merchant shall treat and deal with the funds of a futures 
customer as belonging to such futures customer. A futures commission 
merchant shall not use the funds of a futures customer to secure or 
guarantee the commodity interests, or to secure or extend the credit, 
of any person other than the futures customer for whom the funds are 
held.
    (2) A futures commission merchant shall obligate futures customer 
funds to a derivatives clearing organization, a futures commission 
merchant, or any depository solely to purchase, margin, guarantee, 
secure, transfer, adjust or settle trades, contracts or commodity 
option transactions of futures customers; Provided, however, that a 
futures commission merchant is permitted to use the funds belonging to 
a futures customer that are necessary in the normal course of business 
to pay lawfully accruing fees or expenses on behalf of the futures 
customer's positions including commissions, brokerage, interest, taxes, 
storage and other fees and charges.
    (3) No person, including any derivatives clearing organization or 
any depository, that has received futures customer funds for deposit in 
a segregated account, as provided in this section, may hold, dispose 
of, or use any such funds as belonging to any person other than the 
futures customers of the futures commission merchant which deposited 
such funds.
    (g) Derivatives clearing organizations. (1) General. All futures 
customer funds received by a derivatives clearing organization from a 
member to purchase, margin, guarantee, secure or settle the trades, 
contracts or commodity options of the clearing member's futures 
customers and all money accruing to such futures customers as the 
result of trades, contracts or commodity options so carried shall be 
separately accounted for and segregated as belonging to such futures 
customers, and a derivatives clearing organization shall not hold, use 
or dispose of such futures customer funds except as belonging to such 
futures customers. A derivatives clearing organization shall deposit 
futures customer funds under an account name that clearly identifies 
them as futures customer funds and shows that the futures customer 
funds are segregated as required by section 4(d)(a) and 4d(b) of the 
Act and this part.
    (2) Location of futures customer funds. A derivatives clearing 
organization may deposit futures customer funds with a bank or trust 
company, which shall include a Federal Reserve Bank with respect to 
deposits of a systemically important derivatives clearing organization.
    (3) Limitation on the holding of futures customer funds outside of 
the United States. A derivatives clearing organization may hold futures 
customer funds with a depository outside of the United States only in 
accordance with Sec.  1.49 of this part.
    (4) Written acknowledgment from depositories. (i) A derivatives 
clearing organization must obtain a written acknowledgment from each 
depository prior to or contemporaneously with the opening of a futures 
customer funds account;
    (ii) The written acknowledgment must be in the form as set out in 
Appendix A to this part;
    (iii) A derivatives clearing organization may deposit futures 
customer funds only with a depository that provides the Commission with 
direct, read-only access to account information on 24-hour a day basis. 
The Commission must receive the direct access when the account is 
opened. The written acknowledgment must contain the derivatives 
clearing organization's authorization to the depository to provide 
direct and immediate account access to the Commission without further 
notice to or consent from the derivatives clearing organization;
    (iv) A derivatives clearing organization may deposit futures 
customer funds only with a depository that agrees to provide the 
Commission with a copy of the executed written acknowledgment within 
three business days of the opening of the account. The Commission must 
receive the written acknowledgment from the depository via electronic 
mail at acknowledgmentletters@cftc.gov. The written acknowledgment must 
contain the derivatives clearing organization's authorization to the 
depository to provide the written acknowledgment to the Commission 
without further notice to or consent from the derivatives clearing 
organization;
    (v) A derivatives clearing organization may deposit futures 
customer funds only with a depository that agrees to reply promptly and 
directly to the Commission's requests for confirmation of account 
balances or other account information without further notice to or 
consent from the derivatives clearing organization. The written 
acknowledgment must contain the derivatives clearing organization's 
authorization to the depository to respond directly and immediately to 
requests from the Commission for confirmation of account balances and 
other account information without further notice to or consent from the 
derivatives clearing organization;
    (vi) A derivatives clearing organization shall promptly file a copy 
of the written acknowledgment with the Commission in the manner 
specified by the Commission and in event later than the later of:
    (A) The effective date of this rule; or
    (B) Three business days after the account is opened.
    (vii) A derivatives clearing organization shall amend the written 
acknowledgment and promptly file the amended acknowledgment with the 
Commission within 120 days of any changes in the following:
    (A)The name or business address of the derivatives clearing 
organization;
    (B) The name or business address of the depository receiving 
futures customer funds; or
    (C) The account number(s) under which futures customer funds are 
held.
    (viii) A derivatives clearing organization must maintain each 
written acknowledgment readily accessible in its files in accordance 
with Sec.  1.31 of this part, for as long as the account remains open, 
and thereafter for the period provided in Sec.  1.31 of this part.
    (5) Commingling. (i) A derivatives clearing organization may for

[[Page 67941]]

convenience commingle the futures customer funds that it receives from, 
or on behalf of, multiple futures commission merchants in a single 
account or multiple accounts with one or more of the depositories 
listed in paragraph (g)(2) of this section.
    (ii) A derivatives clearing organization shall not commingle 
futures customer funds with the money, securities or property of such 
derivatives clearing organization or with any proprietary account of 
any of its clearing members, or use such funds to secure or guarantee 
the obligations of, or extend credit to, such derivatives clearing 
organization or any proprietary account of any of its clearing members.
    (iii) A derivatives clearing organization may not commingle funds 
held for futures customers with funds deposited by clearing members on 
behalf of their 30.7 Customers as defined in Sec.  30.1 of this chapter 
and set aside in separate accounts as required by part 30 of this 
chapter, or with funds deposited by clearing members on behalf of their 
Cleared Swaps Customers as defined in Sec.  22.1 of this chapter and 
held in segregated accounts pursuant section 4d(f) of the Act; 
Provided, however, that a derivatives clearing organization may 
commingle futures customer funds with funds deposited by clearing 
members on behalf of their 30.7 Customers or Cleared Swaps Customers if 
expressly permitted by a Commission regulation or order, or by a 
derivatives clearing organization rule approved in accordance with 
Sec.  39.15(b)(2) of this chapter.
    (h) Immediate availability of bank and trust company deposits. All 
futures customer funds deposited by a futures commission merchant or a 
derivatives clearing organization with a bank or trust company must be 
immediately available for withdrawal upon the demand of the futures 
commission merchant or derivatives clearing organization.
    (i) Requirements as to Amount. (1) For purposes of this paragraph 
(i), the term ``account'' shall mean the entries on the books and 
records of a futures commission merchant pertaining to the futures 
customer funds of a particular futures customer.
    (2) The futures commission merchant must reflect in the account 
that it maintains for each futures customer:
    (i) The market value of any futures customer funds that it receives 
from such customer, as adjusted by:
    (A) Any uses permitted under Sec.  1.20(f) of this part;
    (B) Any accruals on permitted investments of such collateral under 
Sec.  1.25 of this part that, pursuant to the futures commission 
merchant's customer agreement with that customer, are creditable to 
such customer;
    (C) Any gains and losses with respect to contracts for the purchase 
or sale of a commodity for future delivery and any options on such 
contracts;
    (D) Any charges lawfully accruing to the futures customer, 
including any commission, brokerage fee, interest, tax, or storage fee; 
and
    (E) Any appropriately authorized distribution or transfer of such 
collateral.
    (ii) The amount of collateral required for the futures customer's 
contracts for the purchase or sale of a commodity for future delivery 
and any options on such contracts at each derivatives clearing 
organization on which the futures commission merchant is a member, or 
by each other futures commission merchant through which the futures 
commission merchant clears futures customer contracts, and the total of 
such required collateral amounts.
    (3)(i) If the market value of futures customer funds in the account 
of a futures customer is positive after adjustments, then that account 
has a credit balance. If the market value of futures customer funds in 
the account of a futures customer is negative after adjustments, then 
that account has a debit balance.
    (ii) If the value of the futures customer funds, as calculated in 
paragraph (i)(2)(i) of this section, for a futures customer's account 
is less than the total amount of collateral required for that account's 
contracts for the purchase or sale of a commodity for future delivery 
and any options on such contracts at derivatives clearing 
organizations, as calculated in paragraph (i)(2)(ii) of this section, 
the difference is a margin deficit.
    (4) The futures commission merchant must maintain in segregation an 
amount equal to the sum of any credit balances that the futures 
customers of the futures commission merchant have in their accounts, 
excluding from such sum any debit balances that the futures customers 
of the futures commission merchant have in their accounts. In addition, 
the futures commission merchant must at all times maintain residual 
interest in segregated fund sufficient to exceed the sum of all margin 
deficits that the futures customers of the futures commission merchant 
have in their accounts. Such residual interest may not be withdrawn 
pursuant to Sec.  1.23 of this part.

Appendix A to Sec.  1.20--Acknowledgment Letter for CFTC Regulation 
1.20 Customer Segregated Account

    [Date]
    [Name and Address of Bank, Trust Company, Derivatives Clearing 
Organization or Futures Commission Merchant]
    We refer to the Segregated Account(s) which [Name of Futures 
Commission Merchant or Derivatives Clearing Organization] (``we'' or 
``our'') have opened or will open with [Name of Bank, Trust Company, 
Derivatives Clearing Organization or Futures Commission Merchant] 
(``you'' or ``your'') entitled:
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant or Derivatives Clearing 
Organization] [if applicable, add ``FCM Customer Omnibus Account''] 
CFTC Regulation 1.20 Customer Segregated Account

Account Number(s): [ ]

    You acknowledge and agree that we have opened or will open the 
above-referenced Account(s) for the purpose of depositing, as 
applicable, money, securities and other property (collectively the 
``Funds'') of our customers who trade commodities, options, swaps, 
other cleared OTC derivatives products and other products, as 
required by Commodity Futures Trading Commission (``CFTC'') 
Regulations, including Regulation 1.20, as amended; that the Funds 
held by you, hereafter deposited in the Account(s) or accruing to 
the credit of the Accounts, will be separately accounted for and 
segregated on your books from our own funds and all other accounts 
maintained by us in accordance with the provisions of the Commodity 
Exchange Act, as amended (the ``Act''), and Part 1 of the CFTC's 
regulations, as amended; and that the Funds must otherwise be 
treated in accordance with the provisions of the Act and CFTC 
regulations.
    Furthermore, you acknowledge and agree that such Funds may not 
be used by you or by us to secure or guarantee any obligations that 
we might owe to you, nor may they be used by us to secure credit 
from you. You further acknowledge and agree that the Funds in the 
Account(s) shall not be subject to any right of offset or lien for 
or on account of any indebtedness, obligations or liabilities we may 
now or in the future have owing to you. This prohibition does not 
affect your right to recover funds advanced in the form of cash 
transfers you make in lieu of liquidating non-cash assets held in 
the Account(s) for purposes of variation settlement or posting 
initial (original) margin.
    In addition, you agree that the Account(s) may be examined at 
any reasonable time by an appropriate officer, agent or employee of 
the CFTC or a self-regulatory organization of which we are a member, 
and this letter constitutes the authorization and direction of the 
undersigned to permit any such examination or audit to take place. 
You agree to respond promptly and directly to requests for 
confirmation of account balances and other account information from 
an appropriate officer, agent, or employee of the CFTC or a self-
regulatory organization of which we are a member, without further 
notice to or consent from the futures

[[Page 67942]]

commission merchant or derivatives clearing organization, as 
applicable. You also agree that, immediately upon instruction by the 
director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight 
of the CFTC or the director of the Division of Clearing and Risk of 
the CFTC, or any successor divisions, or such directors' designees, 
or any appropriate official of a self-regulatory organization of 
which we are a member, you will provide any and all information 
regarding or related to the Funds or the Accounts as shall be 
specified in such instruction and as directed in such instruction. 
You further agree that you will provide the CFTC and our designated 
self-regulatory organization with the necessary software, a user 
log-in, and password that will allow the CFTC and our designated 
self-regulatory organization to have read-only access to the 
accounts listed above on your Web site or via an alternative 
electronic medium on a 24-hour a day basis.
    You acknowledge and agree that the Funds in the Account(s) shall 
be released immediately, subject to the requirements of U.S. or non-
U.S. law as applicable, upon proper notice and instruction from an 
appropriate officer or employee of us or from the director of the 
Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, the director of the 
Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the CFTC, or 
any successor divisions, or such directors' designees.
    We will not hold you responsible for acting pursuant to any 
instruction from the CFTC or the self-regulatory organization upon 
which you have relied after having taken reasonable measures to 
assure that such instruction was provided to you by the director of 
the Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, the director of the 
Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the CFTC, or 
any successor divisions, or such directors' designees, or any 
appropriate official of a self-regulatory organization of which we 
are a member.
    In the event that we become subject to either a voluntary or 
involuntary petition for relief under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, we 
acknowledge that you will have no obligation to release the Funds 
held in the Account(s), except upon instruction of the Trustee in 
Bankruptcy or pursuant to the Order of the respective U.S. 
Bankruptcy Court. Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing to the 
contrary, nothing contained herein shall be construed as limiting 
your right to assert any right of set off against or lien on assets 
other than assets maintained in the Account(s), nor to impose such 
charges against us or any proprietary account maintained by us with 
you. Further, it is understood that amounts represented by checks, 
drafts or other items shall not be considered to be part of the 
Account(s) until finally collected. Accordingly, checks, drafts and 
other items credited to the Account(s) and subsequently dishonored 
or otherwise returned to you, or reversed, for any reason and any 
claims relating thereto, including but not limited to claims of 
alteration or forgery, may be charged back to the Account(s), and we 
shall be responsible to you as a general endorser of all such items 
whether or not actually so endorsed. You may conclusively presume 
that any withdrawal from the Account(s) and the balances maintained 
therein are in conformity with the Act and CFTC regulations without 
any further inquiry, provided that you have no notice of or actual 
knowledge of, or could not reasonably know of, a violation of the 
Act or other provision of law by us; and you shall not in any manner 
not expressly agreed to herein be responsible for ensuring 
compliance by us with the provisions of the Act and CFTC 
regulations. You may, and are hereby authorized to, obey the order, 
judgment, decree or levy of any court of competent jurisdiction or 
any governmental agency with jurisdiction, which order, judgment, 
decree or levy relates in whole or in part to the Account(s). In any 
event, you shall not be liable by reason of any such action or 
omission to act, to us or to any other person, firm, association or 
corporation even if thereafter any such order, decree, judgment or 
levy shall be reversed, modified, set aside or vacated.
    The terms of this letter agreement shall remain binding upon the 
parties, their successors and assigns, including for the avoidance 
of doubt, regardless of the change in name of any party. This letter 
agreement supersedes and replaces any prior agreement between the 
parties in connection with the Account(s), including but not limited 
to any prior acknowledgment letter, to the extent that such prior 
agreement is inconsistent with the terms hereof. In the event of any 
conflict between this letter agreement and any other agreement 
between the parties in connection with the Account(s), this letter 
agreement shall govern with respect to matters specific to Section 
4d of the Act and the CFTC's regulations, as amended.
    This letter agreement shall be governed by and construed in 
accordance with the laws of [Insert governing law] without regard to 
the principles of choice of law.
    Please acknowledge that you agree to abide by the requirements 
and conditions set forth above by signing and returning the enclosed 
copy of this letter. You further acknowledge and agree to provide a 
copy of this fully executed letter directly to the CFTC (via 
electronic mail to acknowledgmentletters@cftc.gov) and our 
designated self-regulatory organization.
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant or Derivatives Clearing 
Organization]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    ACKNOWLEDGED AND AGREED:
    [Name of Bank, Trust Company, Derivatives Clearing Organization 
or Futures Commission Merchant]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    Contact Information: [Insert phone number and email address]
    DATE:

    10. Revise Sec.  1.22 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.22  Use of futures customer funds restricted.

    (a) No futures commission merchant shall use, or permit the use of, 
the futures customer funds of one futures customer to purchase, margin, 
or settle the trades, contracts, or commodity options of, or to secure 
or extend the credit of, any person other than such futures customer. 
The prohibition on the use of one futures customer's funds to extend 
credit to, or to purchase, margin, or settle the contracts of another 
person applies at all times. For this purpose, a futures commission 
merchant which operationally commingles the funds of its futures 
customers must ensure that at all times its residual interest in 
futures customer funds exceeds the sum of the margin deficits of all of 
its futures customers.
    (b) Futures customer funds shall not be used to carry trades or 
positions of the same futures customer other than in contracts for the 
purchase of sale of any commodity for future delivery or for options 
thereon traded through the facilities of a designated contract market.
    11. Revise Sec.  1.23 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.23  Interest of futures commission merchant in segregated 
futures customer funds; additions and withdrawals.

    (a)(1) The provision in sections 4d(a)(2) and 4d(b) of the Act and 
the provision in Sec.  1.20 of this part that prohibit the commingling 
of futures customer funds with the funds of a futures commission 
merchant, shall not be construed to prevent a futures commission 
merchant from having a residual financial interest in the futures 
customer funds segregated as required by the Act and the regulations in 
this part and set apart for the benefit of futures customers; nor shall 
such provisions be construed to prevent a futures commission merchant 
from adding to such segregated futures customer funds such amount or 
amounts of money, from its own funds or unencumbered securities from 
its own inventory, of the type set forth in Sec.  1.25 of this part, as 
it may deem necessary to ensure any and all futures customers' accounts 
from becoming undersegregated at any time.
    (2) If a futures commission merchant discovers at any time that it 
is holding insufficient funds in segregated accounts to meet its 
obligations under Sec. Sec.  1.20 and 1.22 of this part, the futures 
commission merchant shall immediately deposit sufficient funds into 
segregation to bring the account into compliance.
    (b) A futures commission merchant may not withdraw funds on any 
business day for its own proprietary use from an account or accounts 
holding futures customer funds unless the futures commission merchant 
has prepared the daily segregation

[[Page 67943]]

calculation required by Sec.  1.32 of this part as of the close of 
business on the previous business day. A futures commission merchant 
that has completed its daily segregation calculation may make 
withdrawals for its own use, to the extent of its actual residual 
financial interest in funds held in segregated futures accounts, 
adjusted to reflect market activity and other events that may have 
decreased the amount of the firm's residual financial interest since 
the close of business on the previous business day, including the 
withdrawal of securities held in segregated safekeeping accounts held 
by a bank, trust company, derivatives clearing organization or other 
futures commission merchant. Such withdrawal(s), however, shall not 
result in the funds of one futures customer being used to purchase, 
margin or carry the trades, contracts or commodity options, or extend 
the credit of any other futures customer or other person.
    (c) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, each 
futures commission merchant shall establish a targeted residual 
interest (i.e., excess funds) that is in an amount that, when 
maintained as its residual interest in the segregated funds accounts, 
reasonably ensures that the futures commission merchant shall remain in 
compliance with the segregated funds requirements at all times. Each 
futures commission merchant shall establish policies and procedures 
designed to reasonably ensure that the futures commission merchant 
maintains the targeted residual amounts in segregated funds at all 
times. The futures commission merchant shall maintain sufficient 
capital and liquidity, and take such other appropriate steps as are 
necessary or appropriate, to reasonably ensure that such amount of 
targeted residual interest is maintained as the futures commission 
merchant's residual interest in the segregated funds accounts at all 
times. In determining the amount of the targeted residual interest, the 
futures commission merchant shall analyze all relevant factors 
affecting the amounts in segregated funds from time to time, including 
without limitation various factors, as applicable, relating to the 
nature of the futures commission merchant's business including, but not 
limited to, the composition of the futures commission merchant's 
customer base, the general creditworthiness of the customer base, the 
general trading activity of the customers, the types of markets and 
products traded by the customers, the proprietary trading of the 
futures commission merchant, the general volatility and liquidity of 
the markets and products traded by customers, the futures commission 
merchant's own liquidity and capital needs, and the historical trends 
in Customer segregated fund balances and debit balances in Customers' 
and undermargined accounts. The analysis and calculation of the 
targeted amount of the future commission merchant's residual interest 
must be described in writing with the specificity necessary to allow 
the Commission and the futures commission merchant's designated self-
regulatory organization to duplicate the analysis and calculation and 
test the assumptions made by the futures commission merchant. The 
adequacy of the targeted residual interest and the process for 
establishing the targeted residual interest must be reassessed 
periodically by the futures commission merchant and revised as 
necessary. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a 
futures commission merchant must at all times maintain an amount of 
residual interest in segregated accounts that exceeds the sum of all 
margin deficits of its futures customers under Sec.  1.20 of this part, 
and such residual interest may not be withdrawn by the futures 
commission merchant.
    (d) Notwithstanding any other paragraph of this section, a futures 
commission merchant may not withdraw funds for its own proprietary use, 
in a single transaction or a series of transactions on a given business 
day, from futures accounts if such withdrawal(s) would exceed 25 
percent of the futures commission merchant's residual interest in such 
accounts as reported on the daily segregation calculation required by 
Sec.  1.32 of this part and computed as of the close of business on the 
previous business day, unless:
    (1) The futures commission merchant's Chief Executive Officer, 
Chief Finance Officer or other senior official that is listed as a 
principal of the futures commission merchant on its Form 7-R and is 
knowledgeable about the futures commission merchant's financial 
requirements and financial position pre-approves in writing the 
withdrawal, or series of withdrawals;
    (2) The futures commission merchant files written notice of the 
withdrawal or series of withdrawals, with the Commission and with its 
designated self-regulatory organization immediately after the Chief 
Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer or other senior official as 
described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section pre-approves the 
withdrawal or series of withdrawals. The written notice must:
    (i) Be signed by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer 
or other senior official as described in paragraph (c)(1) of this 
section that pre-approved the withdrawal, and give notice that the 
futures commission merchant has withdrawn or intends to withdraw more 
than 25 percent of its residual interest in segregated accounts holding 
futures customer funds;
    (ii) Include a description of the reasons for the withdrawal or 
series of withdrawals;
    (iii) List the amount of funds provided to each recipient and each 
recipient's name;
    (iv) Include the current estimate of the amount of the futures 
commission merchant's residual interest in the futures accounts after 
the withdrawal;
    (v) Contain a representation by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief 
Finance Officer or other senior official as described in paragraph 
(c)(1) of this section that pre-approved the withdrawal, or series of 
withdrawals, that, after due diligence, to such person's knowledge and 
reasonable belief, the futures commission merchant remains in 
compliance with the segregation requirements after the withdrawal. The 
Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer or other senior official 
as described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section must consider the 
daily segregation calculation as of the close of business on the 
previous business day and any other factors that may cause a material 
change in the futures commission merchant's residual interest since the 
close of business the previous business day, including known unsecured 
futures customer debits or deficits, current day market activity and 
any other withdrawals made from the futures accounts; and
    (vi) Any such written notice filed with the Commission must be 
filed via electronic transmission using a form of user authentication 
assigned in accordance with procedures established by or approved by 
the Commission, and otherwise in accordance with instruction issued by 
or approved by the Commission. Any such electronic submission must 
clearly indicate the registrant on whose behalf such filing is made and 
the use of such user authentication in submitting such filing will 
constitute and become a substitute for the manual signature of the 
authorized signer. Any written notice filed must be followed up with 
direct communication to the Regional office of the Commission that has 
supervisory authority over the futures commission merchant whereby the 
Commission acknowledges receipt of the notice; and

[[Page 67944]]

    (3) After making a withdrawal requiring the approval and notice 
required in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section, and before the 
completion of its next daily segregated funds calculation, no futures 
commission merchant may make any further withdrawals from accounts 
holding futures customer funds, except to or for the benefit of 
commodity and option customers, without, for each withdrawal, obtaining 
the approval required under paragraph (c)(1) of this section and filing 
a written notice in the manner specified under paragraph (c)(2) of this 
section with the Commission and its designated self-regulatory 
organization signed by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance 
Officer, or other senior official. The written notice must:
    (i) List the amount of funds provided to each recipient and each 
recipient's name;
    (ii) Disclose the reason for each withdrawal;
    (iii) Confirm that the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance 
Officer, or other senior official (and identify of the person if 
different from the person who signed the notice) pre-approved the 
withdrawal in writing;
    (iv) Disclose the current estimate of the futures commission 
merchant's remaining total residual interest in the segregated accounts 
holding futures customer funds after the withdrawal; and
    (v) Include a representation that, after due diligence, to the best 
of the notice signatory's knowledge and reasonable belief the futures 
commission merchant remains in compliance with the segregation 
requirements after the withdrawal.
    (e) If a futures commission merchant withdraws funds from futures 
accounts for its own proprietary use, and the withdrawal causes the 
futures commission merchant to not hold sufficient funds in the futures 
accounts to meet its targeted residual interest, as required to be 
computed under Sec.  1.11 of this part, the futures commission merchant 
should deposit its own funds into the futures accounts to restore the 
account balance to the targeted residual interest amount by the close 
of business on the next business day, or, if appropriate, revise the 
futures commission merchant's targeted amount of residual interest 
pursuant to the policies and procedures required by Sec.  1.11 of this 
part. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if at any time the futures 
commission merchant's residual interest in customer accounts is less 
than the sum of its futures customers' margin deficits as set forth in 
Sec.  1.20(i) of this part, the futures commission merchant must 
immediately restore the residual interest to exceed the sum of such 
margin deficits. Any proprietary funds deposited in the futures 
accounts must be unencumbered and otherwise compliant with Sec.  1.25 
of this part, as applicable.
    12. Amend Sec.  1.25 by removing paragraph (b)(6) and by revising 
paragraphs (b)(3)(v), (c)(3), (d)(7), (d)(11), and (e) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  1.25  Investment of customer funds.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (v) Counterparty concentration limits. Securities purchased by a 
futures commission merchant or derivatives clearing organization from a 
single counterparty, or from one or more counterparties under common 
ownership or control, subject to an agreement to resell the securities 
to the counterparty or counterparties, shall not exceed 25 percent of 
total assets held in segregation or under Sec.  30.7 of this chapter by 
the futures commission merchant or derivatives clearing organization.
* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (3) A futures commission merchant or derivatives clearing 
organization shall maintain the confirmation relating to the purchase 
in its records in accordance with Sec.  1.31 of this part and note the 
ownership of fund shares (by book-entry or otherwise) in a custody 
account of the futures commission merchant or derivatives clearing 
organization in accordance with Sec.  1.26 of this part. The futures 
commission merchant or the derivatives clearing organization shall 
obtain the acknowledgment letter required by Sec.  1.26 of this part 
from an entity that has substantial control over the fund shares 
purchased with customer funds and has the knowledge and authority to 
facilitate redemption and payment or transfer of the customer funds. 
Such entity may include the fund sponsor or depository acting as 
custodian for fund shares.
* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (7) Securities transferred to the futures commission merchant or 
derivatives clearing organization under the agreement are held in a 
safekeeping account with a bank as referred to in paragraph (d)(2) of 
this section, a Federal Reserve Bank, a derivatives clearing 
organization, or the Depository Trust Company in an account that 
complies with the requirements of Sec.  1.26 of this part.
* * * * *
    (11) The transactions effecting the agreement are recorded in the 
record required to be maintained under Sec.  1.27 of this part of 
investments of customer funds, and the securities subject to such 
transactions are specifically identified in such record as described in 
paragraph (d)(1) of this section and further identified in such record 
as being subject to repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements.
* * * * *
    (e) Deposit of firm-owned securities into segregation. A futures 
commission merchant may deposit unencumbered securities of the type 
specified in this section, which it owns for its own account, into a 
customer account. A futures commission merchant must include such 
securities, transfers of securities, and disposition of proceeds from 
the sale or maturity of such securities in the record of investments 
required to be maintained by Sec.  1.27 of this part. All such 
securities may be segregated in safekeeping only with a bank, trust 
company, derivatives clearing organization, or other registered futures 
commission merchant in accordance with the provisions of Sec.  1.20 of 
this part. For purposes of this section and Sec. Sec.  1.27, 1.28, 
1.29, and 1.32 of this part, securities of the type specified by this 
section that are owned by the futures commission merchant and deposited 
into a customer account shall be considered customer funds until such 
investments are withdrawn from segregation in accordance with the 
provisions of Sec.  1.23 of this part. Investments permitted by Sec.  
1.25 that are owned by the futures commission merchant and deposited 
into a futures customer account pursuant to Sec.  1.26 of the part 
shall be considered futures customer funds until such investments are 
withdrawn from segregation in accordance with Sec.  1.23 of this part. 
Investments permitted by Sec.  1.25 that are owned by the futures 
commission merchant and deposited into a Cleared Swaps Customer 
Account, as defined in Sec.  22.1 of this chapter, shall be considered 
Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral, as defined in Sec.  22.1 of this 
chapter, until such investments are withdrawn from segregation in 
accordance with Sec.  22.17 of this chapter.
* * * * *
    13. Revise Sec.  1.26 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.26  Deposit of instruments purchased with futures customer 
funds.

    (a) Each futures commission merchant who invests futures customer 
funds in instruments described in Sec.  1.25 of this part, except for 
investments in money market mutual funds, shall separately account for 
such instruments as futures

[[Page 67945]]

customer funds and segregate such instruments as funds belonging to 
such futures customers in accordance with the requirements of Sec.  
1.20 of this part. Each derivatives clearing organization which invests 
money belonging or accruing to futures customers of its clearing 
members in instruments described in Sec.  1.25 of this part, except for 
investments in money market mutual funds, shall separately account for 
such instruments as customer funds and segregate such instruments as 
customer funds belonging to such futures customers in accordance with 
Sec.  1.20 of this part.
    (b) Each futures commission merchant or derivatives clearing 
organization which invests futures customer funds in money market 
mutual funds, as permitted by Sec.  1.25 of this part, shall separately 
account for such funds and segregate such funds as belonging to such 
futures customers. Such funds shall be deposited under an account name 
which clearly shows that they belong to futures customers and are 
segregated as required by sections 4d(a) and 4d(b) of the Act and this 
part. Each futures commission merchant or derivatives clearing 
organization, upon opening such an account, shall obtain and maintain 
readily accessible in its files in accordance with Sec.  1.31 of this 
part, for as long as the account remains open, and thereafter for the 
period provided in Sec.  1.31 of this part, a written acknowledgment 
and shall file such acknowledgment in accordance with the requirements 
of Sec.  1.20 of this part. In the event such funds are held directly 
with the money market mutual fund or its affiliate, the written 
acknowledgment letter shall be in the form as set out in Appendix A to 
this section. In the event such funds are held with a depository the 
written acknowledgment letter shall be in the form as set out in 
Appendix A to Sec.  1.20 of this part. In either case, the written 
acknowledgment letter shall be obtained, provided to the Commission and 
designated self-regulatory organizations, and retained as required 
under Sec.  1.20 of this part.

Appendix to Sec.  1.26--Acknowledgment Letter for CFTC Regulation 1.26 
Customer Segregated Money Market Mutual Fund Account

    [Date]
    [Name and Address of Money Market Mutual Fund]
    We propose to invest funds held by [Name of Futures Commission 
Merchant or Derivatives Clearing Organization] (``we'' or ``our'') 
on behalf of our customers in shares of [Name of Money Market Mutual 
Fund] (``you'' or ``your'') under account(s) entitled (or shares 
issued to):
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant or Derivatives Clearing 
Organization] [if applicable, add ``FCM Customer Omnibus Account''] 
CFTC Regulation 1.26 Customer Segregated Money Market Mutual Fund 
Account
    [If applicable, include any abbreviated name of the Account(s) 
as reflected in the Depository's electronic systems (provided any 
such abbreviated name must reflect that the Account(s) is a CFTC 
regulated customer segregated account)]
    Account Number(s): [-------- ]
    (collectively, the ``Account(s)'').
    You acknowledge and agree that we are holding these funds, 
including any shares issued and amounts accruing in connection 
therewith (collectively, the ``Shares''), for the benefit of our 
customers who trade commodities, options, cleared OTC derivatives 
products and other products (``Commodity Customers''), as required 
by Commodity Futures Trading Commission (``CFTC'') Regulation 1.26, 
as amended; that the Shares held by you, hereafter deposited in the 
Account(s) or accruing to the credit of the Accounts, will be 
separately accounted for and segregated on your books from our own 
funds and from any other funds or accounts held by us in accordance 
with the provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act, as amended (the 
``Act''), and Part 1 of the CFTC's regulations, as amended; and that 
the Shares must otherwise be treated in accordance with the 
provisions of the Act and CFTC regulations.
    Furthermore, you acknowledge and agree that such Shares may not 
be used by you or by us to secure or guarantee any obligations that 
we might owe to you, nor may they be used by us to secure credit 
from you. You further acknowledge and agree that the Shares in the 
Account(s) shall not be subject to any right of offset or lien for 
or on account of any indebtedness, obligations or liabilities we may 
now or in the future have owing to you.
    In addition, you agree that the Account(s) may be examined at 
any reasonable time by an appropriate officer, agent or employee of 
the CFTC or a self-regulatory organization, and this letter 
constitutes the authorization and direction of the undersigned to 
permit any such examination or audit to take place. You agree to 
respond promptly and directly to requests for confirmation of 
account balances and other account information from an appropriate 
officer, agent, or employee of the CFTC or a self-regulatory 
organization of which we are a member, without further notice to or 
consent from the futures commission merchant or the derivatives 
clearing organization, as applicable. You also agree that, 
immediately upon instruction by the director of the Division of Swap 
Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the CFTC or the director of the 
Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, or any successor 
divisions, or such directors' designees, or any appropriate official 
of a self-regulatory organization of which we are a member, you will 
provide any and all information regarding or related to the Shares 
or the Accounts as shall be specified in such instruction and as 
directed in such instruction. You further agree that you will 
provide the CFTC and our designated self-regulatory organization 
with the necessary software, a user log-in, and password that will 
allow the CFTC and our designated self-regulatory organization to 
have read-only access to the accounts listed above on your Web site 
on a 24-hour a day basis.
    You acknowledge and agree that the Shares in the Account(s) 
shall be released immediately, subject to the requirements of U.S. 
or non-U.S. law as applicable, upon proper notice and instruction 
from an appropriate officer or employee of us or from the director 
of the Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, or from the 
director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight, 
or any successor divisions, or such directors' designees. We will 
not hold you responsible for acting pursuant to any instruction from 
the CFTC or from the self-regulatory organization upon which you 
have relied after having taken reasonable measures to assure that 
such instruction was provided to you by the director of the Division 
of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, or the director of the Division of 
Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight, or any successor divisions, 
or such directors' designees, or any appropriate official of a self-
regulatory organization of which we are a member. You further 
acknowledge that we will provide to the CFTC a copy of this 
acknowledgment. In the event we become subject to either a voluntary 
or involuntary petition for relief under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, 
we acknowledge that you will have no obligation to release the 
Shares held in the Account(s), except upon instruction of the 
Trustee in Bankruptcy or pursuant to the Order of the respective 
U.S. Bankruptcy Court.
    Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing to the contrary, 
nothing contained herein shall be construed as limiting your right 
to assert any right of set off against or lien on assets other than 
assets maintained in the Account(s), nor to impose such charges 
against us or any proprietary account maintained by us with you. 
Further, it is understood that amounts represented by checks, drafts 
or other items shall not be considered to be part of the Account(s) 
until finally collected. Accordingly, checks, drafts and other items 
credited to the Account(s) and subsequently dishonored or otherwise 
returned to you, or reversed, for any reason and any claims relating 
thereto, including but not limited to claims of alteration or 
forgery, may be charged back to the Account(s), and we shall be 
responsible to you as a general endorser of all such items whether 
or not actually so endorsed. You may conclusively presume that any 
withdrawal from the Account(s) and the balances maintained therein 
are in conformity with the Act and CFTC regulations without any 
further inquiry, provided that you have no notice of or actual 
knowledge of, or could not reasonably know of, a violation of the 
Act or other provision of law by us; and you shall not in any manner 
not expressly agreed to herein be responsible for ensuring 
compliance by us with the provisions of the Act and CFTC 
regulations.
    You may, and are hereby authorized to, obey the order, judgment, 
decree or levy of any court of competent jurisdiction or any

[[Page 67946]]

governmental agency with jurisdiction, which order, judgment, decree 
or levy relates in whole or in part to the Account(s). In any event, 
you shall not be liable by reason of any such action or omission to 
act, to us or to any other person, firm, association or corporation 
even if thereafter any such order, decree, judgment or levy shall be 
reversed, modified, set aside or vacated.
    We are permitted to invest our Commodity Customers' funds in 
money market mutual funds pursuant to CFTC Regulation 1.25. That 
rule sets forth the following conditions, among others, with respect 
to any investment in a money market mutual fund:
    (1) The net asset value of the fund must be computed by 9:00 
a.m. of the business day following each business day and be made 
available to us by that time;
    (2) The fund must be legally obligated to redeem an interest in 
the fund and make payment in satisfaction thereof by the close of 
the business day following the day on which we make a redemption 
request except as otherwise specified in CFTC Regulation 
1.25(c)(5)(ii); and,
    (3) The agreement under which we invest our Commodity Customers' 
funds must not contain any provision that would prevent us from 
pledging or transferring fund shares.
    The terms of this letter agreement shall remain binding upon the 
parties, their successors and assigns, including for the avoidance 
of doubt, regardless of the change in name of any party. This letter 
agreement supersedes and replaces any prior agreement between the 
parties in connection with the Account(s), including but not limited 
to any prior acknowledgment letter, to the extent that such prior 
agreement is inconsistent with the terms hereof. In the event of any 
conflict between this letter agreement and any other agreement 
between the parties in connection with the Account(s), this letter 
agreement shall govern with respect to matters specific to Section 
4d of the Act and the CFTC's regulations, as amended.
    This letter agreement shall be governed by and construed in 
accordance with the laws of [Insert governing law] without regard to 
the principles of choice of law.
    Please acknowledge that you agree to abide by the requirements 
and conditions set forth above by signing and returning the enclosed 
copy of this letter. You further acknowledge and agree to provide a 
copy of this fully executed letter directly to the CFTC (via 
electronic mail to acknowledgmentletters@cftc.gov) and our 
designated self-regulatory organization in accordance with CFTC 
Regulation 1.20.
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant or Derivatives Clearing 
Organization]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    ACKNOWLEDGED AND AGREED:
    [Name of Money Market Mutual Fund]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    Contact Information: [Insert phone number and email address]
    Date:

    14. Revise Sec.  1.29 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.29  Gains and losses resulting from investment of customer 
funds.

    (a) The investment of customer funds in instruments described in 
Sec.  1.25 of this part shall not prevent the futures commission 
merchant or derivatives clearing organization so investing such funds 
from receiving and retaining as its own any incremental income or 
interest income resulting therefrom.
    (b) The futures commission merchant or derivatives clearing 
organization, as applicable, shall bear sole responsibility for any 
losses resulting from the investment of customer funds in instruments 
described in Sec.  1.25 of this part. No investment losses shall be 
borne or otherwise allocated to the customers of the futures commission 
merchant and, if customer funds are invested by a derivatives clearing 
organization in its discretion, to the futures commission merchant.
    15. Revise Sec.  1.30 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.30  Loans by futures commission merchants; treatment of 
proceeds.

    Nothing in these regulations shall prevent a futures commission 
merchant from lending its own funds to customers on securities and 
property pledged by such customers, or from repledging or selling such 
securities and property pursuant to specific written agreement with 
such customers. The proceeds of such loans used to purchase, margin, 
guarantee, or secure the trades, contracts, or commodity options of 
customers shall be treated and dealt with by a futures commission 
merchant as belonging to such customers, in accordance with and subject 
to the provisions of the Act and these regulations. A futures 
commission merchant may not loan funds on an unsecured basis to finance 
customers' trading, nor may a futures commission merchant loan funds to 
customers secured by the customer accounts of such customers.
    16. Amend Sec.  1.32 by revising the section heading and paragraphs 
(b) and (c) and by adding paragraphs (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j), 
and (k), to read as follows:


Sec.  1.32  Reporting of segregated account computation and details 
regarding the holding of futures customer funds

* * * * *
    (b) In computing the amount of futures customer funds required to 
be in segregated accounts, a futures commission merchant may offset any 
net deficit in a particular futures customer's account against the 
current market value of readily marketable securities, less applicable 
deductions (i.e., ``securities haircuts'') as set forth in Rule 15c3-
1(c)(2)(vi) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (17 CFR 241.15c3-
1(c)(2)(vi)), held for the same futures customer's account. Futures 
commission merchants that establish and enforce written policies and 
procedures to assess the credit risk of commercial paper, convertible 
debt instruments, or nonconvertible debt instruments in accordance with 
Rule 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (17 
CFR 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi)) may apply the lower haircut percentages 
specified in Rule 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) for such commercial paper, 
convertible debt instruments and nonconvertible debt instruments. The 
futures commission merchant must maintain a security interest in the 
securities, including a written authorization to liquidate the 
securities at the futures commission merchant's discretion, and must 
segregate the securities in a safekeeping account with a bank, trust 
company, derivatives clearing organization, or another futures 
commission merchant. For purposes of this section, a security will be 
considered readily marketable if it is traded on a ``ready market'' as 
defined in Rule 15c3-1(c)(11)(i) of the Securities and Exchange 
Commission (17 CFR 240.15c3-1(c)(11)(i)).
    (c) Each futures commission merchant is required to document its 
segregation computation required by paragraph (a) of this section by 
preparing a Statement of Segregation Requirements and Funds in 
Segregation for Customers Trading on U.S. Commodity Exchanges contained 
in the Form 1-FR-FCM as of the close of each business day. Nothing in 
this paragraph shall affect the requirement that a futures commission 
merchant at all times maintain sufficient money, securities and 
property to cover its total obligations to all futures customers, in 
accordance with Sec.  1.20 of this part.
    (d) Each futures commission merchant is required to submit to the 
Commission and to the firm's designated self-regulatory organization 
the daily Statement of Segregation Requirements and Funds in 
Segregation for Customers Trading on U.S. Commodity Exchanges required 
by paragraph (c) of this section by noon the following business day.
    (e) Each futures commission merchant shall file the Statement of 
Segregation Requirements and Funds in Segregation for Customers Trading 
on U.S. Commodity Exchanges required by paragraph (c) of this section 
in an electronic format using a form of user authentication assigned in 
accordance with procedures established or approved by the Commission.
    (f) Each futures commission merchant is required to submit to the 
Commission

[[Page 67947]]

and to the firm's designated self-regulatory organization a report 
listing the names of all banks, trust companies, futures commission 
merchants, derivatives clearing organizations, or any other depository 
or custodian holding futures customer funds as of the fifteenth day of 
the month, or the first business day thereafter, and the last business 
day of each month. This report must include:
    (1) The name and location of each entity holding futures customer 
funds;
    (2) The total amount of futures customer funds held by each entity 
listed in paragraph (f)(1) of this section; and
    (3) The total amount of cash and investments that each entity 
listed in paragraph (f)(1) of this section holds for the futures 
commission merchant. The futures commission merchant must report the 
following investments:
    (i) Obligations of the United States and obligations fully 
guaranteed as to principal and interest by the United States (U.S. 
government securities);
    (ii) General obligations of any State or of any political 
subdivision of a State (municipal securities);
    (iii) General obligation issued by any enterprise sponsored by the 
United States (government sponsored enterprise securities);
    (iv) Certificates of deposit issued by a bank;
    (v) Commercial paper fully guaranteed as to principal and interest 
by the United States under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program as 
administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
    (vi) Corporate notes or bonds fully guaranteed as to principal and 
interest by the United States under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee 
Program as administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; 
and
    (vii) Interests in money market mutual funds.
    (g) Each futures commission merchant must report the total amount 
of futures customer-owned securities held by the futures commission 
merchant as margin collateral and must list the names and locations of 
the depositories holding such margin collateral.
    (h) Each futures commission merchant must report the total amount 
of futures customer funds that have been used to purchase securities 
under agreements to resell the securities (reverse repurchase 
transactions).
    (i) Each futures commission merchant must report which, if any, of 
the depositories holding futures customer funds under paragraph (f)(1) 
of this section are affiliated with the futures commission merchant.
    (j) Each futures commission merchant shall file the detailed list 
of depositories required by paragraph (f) of this section by 11:59 p.m. 
the next business day in an electronic format using a form of user 
authentication assigned in accordance with procedures established or 
approved by the Commission.
    (k) Each futures commission merchant shall retain its daily 
segregation computation and the Statement of Segregation Requirements 
and Funds in Segregation for Customers Trading on U.S. Commodity 
Exchanges required by paragraph (c) of this section, and its detailed 
list of depositories required by paragraph (f) of this section, 
together with all supporting documentation, in accordance with the 
requirements of Sec.  1.31 of this part.
    17. Revise Sec.  1.52 to read as follows:


Sec.  1.52  Self-regulatory organization adoption and surveillance of 
minimum financial requirements.

    (a) For purposes of this section, the following terms are defined 
as follows:
    (1) ``Examinations expert'' is defined as a Nationally recognized 
accounting and auditing firm with substantial expertise in audits of 
futures commission merchants, risk assessment and internal control 
reviews, and is an accounting and auditing firm that is acceptable to 
the Commission;
    (2) ``Generally accepted auditing standards'' is defined as U.S. 
generally accepted auditing standards, developed by the Auditing 
Standards Board of the American Institute of Certified Public 
Accountants; and
    (3) ``Material weakness'' is defined as a deficiency, or a 
combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial 
reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material 
misstating of the entities financial statements and regulatory 
computations will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by the 
entity's internal controls;
    (b)(1) Each self-regulatory organization must adopt rules 
prescribing minimum financial and related reporting requirements for 
members who are registered futures commission merchants, registered 
retail foreign exchange dealers, or registered introducing brokers. The 
self-regulatory organization's minimum financial and related reporting 
requirements must be the same as, or more stringent than, the 
requirements contained in Sec. Sec.  1.10 and 1.17 of this part, for 
futures commission merchants and introducing brokers, and Sec. Sec.  
5.7 and 5.12 of this chapter for retail foreign exchange dealers; 
provided, however, that a self-regulatory organization may permit its 
member registrants that are registered with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission as securities brokers or dealers to file (in accordance with 
Sec.  1.10(h) of this part) a copy of their Financial and Operational 
Combined Uniform Single Report under the Securities Exchange Act of 
1934 (``FOCUS Report''), Part II, Part IIA, or Part II CSE, as 
applicable, in lieu of Form 1-FR; provided, further, that such self-
regulatory organization must require such member registrants to provide 
all information in Form 1-FR that is not included in the FOCUS Report 
Part provided by such member registrant. The definition of adjusted net 
capital must be the same as that prescribed in Sec.  1.17(c) of this 
chapter for futures commission merchants and introducing brokers, and 
Sec.  5.7(b)(2) of this chapter for futures commission merchants 
offering or engaging in retail forex transactions and for retail 
foreign exchange dealers.
    (2) In addition to the requirements set forth in paragraph (b)(1) 
of this section, each self-regulatory organization that has a futures 
commission merchant member registrant must adopt rules prescribing risk 
management requirements for futures commission merchant member 
registrants that shall be the same as, or more stringent than, the 
requirements contained in Sec.  1.11 of this part.
    (c)(1) Each self-regulatory organization must establish and operate 
a supervisory program that includes written policies and procedures 
concerning the application of such supervisory program in the 
examination of its member registrants for the purpose of assessing 
whether each member registrant is in compliance with the applicable 
self-regulatory organization and Commission regulations governing 
minimum net capital and related financial requirements, the obligation 
to segregate customer funds, risk management requirements, financial 
reporting requirements, recordkeeping requirements, and sales practice 
and other compliance requirements. The supervisory program also must 
address the following elements:
    (i) Adequate levels and independence of examination staff. A self-
regulatory organization must maintain staff of an adequate size, 
training, and experience to effectively implement a supervisory 
program. Staff of the self-regulatory organization, including officers, 
directors, and supervising committee members, must maintain independent 
judgment and its actions must not impair its independence nor appear to 
impair its independence in matters related to the supervisory program. 
The self-regulatory organization must

[[Page 67948]]

provide annual ethics training to all staff with responsibilities for 
the supervisory program.
    (ii) Ongoing surveillance. A self-regulatory organization's ongoing 
surveillance of member registrants must include the review and analysis 
of financial reports and regulatory notices filed by member registrants 
with the designated self-regulatory organization.
    (iii) High-risk firms. A self-regulatory organization's supervisory 
program must include procedures for identifying member registrants that 
are determined to pose a high degree of potential financial risk, 
including the potential risk of loss of customer funds. High-risk 
member registrants must include firms experiencing financial or 
operational difficulties, failing to meet segregation or net capital 
requirements, failing to maintain current books and records, or 
experiencing material inadequacies in internal controls. Enhanced 
monitoring for high risk firms should include, as appropriate, daily 
review of net capital, segregation, and secured calculations, to assess 
compliance with self-regulatory organization and Commission 
requirements.
    (iv) On-site examinations. (A) A self-regulatory organization must 
conduct routine periodic on-site examinations of member registrants. 
Member futures commission merchants and retail foreign exchange dealers 
must be subject to on-site examinations no less frequently than once 
every eighteen months. A self-regulatory organization shall establish a 
risk-based method of establishing the scope of each on-site 
examination; provided, however, that the scope of each on-site 
examination of a futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange 
dealer must include an assessment of whether the registrant is in 
compliance with applicable Commission and self-regulatory organization 
minimum capital, customer fund protection, recordkeeping, and reporting 
requirements.
    (B) A self-regulatory organization must establish the frequency of 
on-site examinations of member introducing brokers that do not operate 
pursuant to guarantee agreements with futures commission merchants or 
retail foreign exchange dealers using a risk-based approach; provided, 
however, that each introducing broker is subject to an on-site 
examination no less frequently than once every three years.
    (C) A self-regulatory organization must conduct on-site 
examinations of member registrants in accordance with uniform 
examination programs and procedures that have been submitted to the 
Commission.
    (v) Adequate documentation. A self-regulatory organization must 
adequately document all aspects of the operation of the supervisory 
program, including the conduct of risk-based scope setting and the 
risk-based surveillance of high-risk member registrants, and the 
imposition of remedial and punitive action(s) for material violations.
    (2) In addition to the requirements set forth in paragraph (c)(1) 
of this section, the supervisory program of a self-regulatory 
organization that has a registered futures commission merchant member 
must satisfy the following requirements:
    (i) The supervisory program must set forth in writing the 
examination standards that the self-regulatory organization must apply 
in its examination of its registered futures commission merchant 
member. The supervisory program must be based on controls testing as 
well as substantive testing and must address all areas of risk to which 
futures commission merchants can reasonably be foreseen to be subject. 
The determination as to which elements of the supervisory program are 
to be performed on any examination must be based on the risk profile of 
each registered futures commission merchant member as well as any 
additional areas of risk to be addressed in such examination.
    (ii) All aspects of the supervisory program, including the 
standards pursuant to paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this section, must, at 
minimum, conform to generally accepted auditing standards after giving 
full consideration to those auditing standards as prescribed by the 
Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.
    (iii) The supervisory program must, at a minimum, have standards 
addressing the following:
    (A) The ethics of an examiner;
    (B) The independence of an examiner;
    (C) The supervision, review, and quality control of an examiner's 
work product;
    (D) The evidence and documentation to be reviewed and retained in 
connection with an examination;
    (E) The sampling size and techniques used in an examination;
    (F) The examination risk assessment process;
    (G) The examination planning process;
    (H) Materiality assessment;
    (I) Quality control procedures to ensure that the examinations 
maintain the level of quality expected;
    (J) Communications between an examiner and the regulatory oversight 
committee of the self-regulatory organization of which the registered 
futures commission merchant is a member;
    (K) Communications between an examiner and a futures commission 
merchant's audit committee of the board of directors or other similar 
governing body;
    (L) Analytical review procedures;
    (M) Record retention; and
    (N) Required items for inclusion in the examination report, such as 
repeat violations, material items, and high risk issues.
    (iv) A self-regulatory organization must cause an examinations 
expert to evaluate the supervisory program and such self-regulatory 
organization's application of the supervisory program at least once 
every two years.
    (A) The self-regulatory organization must obtain from such 
examinations expert a written report that includes the following:
    (1) An affirmation that the examinations expert has evaluated the 
supervisory program, including the sufficiency of the risk-based 
approach and the internal controls testing thereof, and comments and 
recommendations in connection with such evaluation from such 
examinations expert;
    (2) An affirmation that the examinations expert has evaluated the 
application of the supervisory program by the self-regulatory 
organization, and comments and recommendations in connection with such 
evaluation from such examinations expert;
    (3) The examinations expert's opinion as to whether the supervisory 
program is reasonably likely to identify a material weakness in 
internal controls over financial and/or regulatory reporting and in any 
of the other items that are the subject of an examination conducted in 
accordance with the supervisory program; and
    (4) A discussion and recommendation of any new or best practices as 
prescribed by industry sources, including, but not limited to, those 
from the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the 
Institute of Internal Auditors, and The Risk Management Association.
    (B) The self-regulatory organization must provide the written 
report to the Commission no later than fifteen days following the 
receipt thereof. Upon resolution of any questions or comments raised by 
the Commission, and upon notice from the Commission that it has no 
further comments or questions on the supervisory program as amended (by 
reason of the examinations expert's proposals, considerations of the 
Commission's questions or comments, or otherwise), the self-regulatory 
organization shall commence applying

[[Page 67949]]

such supervisory program as the standard for examining its registered 
futures commission merchant members.
    (v) The supervisory program must require the self-regulatory 
organization to report to its risk and/or audit committee of the board 
of directors with timely reports of the activities and findings of the 
supervisory program to assist the risk and/or audit committee of the 
board of directors to fulfill its responsibility of overseeing the 
examination function.
    (vi) The initial supervisory program shall be established as 
follows. Within 120 days following the effective date of this section, 
or such other time as the Commission may approve, the self-regulatory 
organization shall submit a proposed supervisory program to the 
Commission for its review and comment, together with a written report 
that includes the elements found in paragraphs (c)(2)(iv)(A)(1) and (3) 
of this section from an examinations expert who has evaluated the 
supervisory program. Upon resolution of any questions or comments 
raised by the Commission, and upon notice from the Commission that it 
has no further comments or questions on the proposed supervisory 
program as amended (by reason of the considerations of the Commission's 
questions or comments or otherwise), the self-regulatory organizations 
shall commence applying such supervisory program as the standard for 
examining its members that are registered as futures commission 
merchants.
    (d)(1) Any two or more self-regulatory organizations may file with 
the Commission a plan for delegating to a designated self-regulatory 
organization, for any registered futures commission merchant, retail 
foreign exchange dealer, or introducing broker that is a member of more 
than one such self-regulatory organization, the function of:
    (i) Monitoring and examining for compliance with the minimum 
financial and related reporting requirements and risk management 
requirements, including policies and procedures relating to the 
receipt, holding, investing and disbursement of customer funds, adopted 
by such self-regulatory organizations and the Commission in accordance 
with paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section; and
    (ii) Receiving the financial reports and notices necessitated by 
such minimum financial and related reporting requirements; provided, 
however, that the self-regulatory organization that delegates the 
functions set forth in this paragraph (d)(1) shall remain responsible 
for its member registrants' compliance with the regulatory obligations, 
and if such self-regulatory organization becomes aware that a delegated 
function is not being performed as required under this section, the 
self-regulatory organization shall promptly take any necessary steps to 
address any noncompliance.
    (2) If a plan established pursuant to paragraph (d)(1) of this 
section applies to any registered futures commission merchant, then 
such plan must include the following elements:
    (i) The Joint Audit Committee. The self-regulatory organizations 
that choose to participate in the plan shall form a Joint Audit 
Committee, consisting of all self-regulatory organizations in the plan 
as members. The members of the Joint Audit Committee shall establish, 
operate and maintain a Joint Audit Program in accordance with the 
requirements of this section to ensure an effective and a high quality 
program for examining futures commission merchants, to designate the 
designated self-regulatory organizations that will be responsible for 
the examinations of futures commission merchants pursuant to the Joint 
Audit Program, and to satisfy such additional obligations set forth in 
this section in order to facilitate the examinations of futures 
commission merchants by their respective designated self-regulatory 
organizations.
    (ii) The Joint Audit Program. The Joint Audit Program must, at 
minimum, satisfy the following requirements.
    (A) The purpose of the Joint Audit Program must be to assess 
whether each registered futures commission merchant member of the Joint 
Audit Committee members is in compliance with the Joint Audit Program 
and Commission regulations governing minimum net capital and related 
financial requirements, the obligation to segregate customer funds, 
risk management requirements, including policies and procedures 
relating to the receipt, holding, investment, and disbursement of 
customer funds, financial reporting requirements, recordkeeping 
requirements, and sales practice and other compliance requirements.
    (B) The Joint Audit Program must include written policies and 
procedures concerning the application of the Joint Audit Program in the 
examination of the registered futures commission merchant members of 
the Joint Audit Committee members.
    (C)(1) Adequate levels and independence of examination staff. A 
designated self-regulatory organization must maintain staff of an 
adequate size, training, and experience to effectively implement the 
Joint Audit Program. Staff of the designated self-regulatory 
organization, including officers, directors, and supervising committee 
members, must maintain independent judgment and its actions must not 
impair its independence nor appear to impair its independence in 
matters related to the Joint Audit Program. The designated self-
regulatory organization must provide annual ethics training to all 
staff with responsibilities for the Joint Audit Program.
    (2) Ongoing surveillance. A designated self-regulatory 
organization's ongoing surveillance of futures commission merchant 
member registrants over which it has oversight responsibilities must 
include the review and analysis of financial reports and regulatory 
notices filed by such member registrants with the designated self-
regulatory organization.
    (3) High-risk firms. The Joint Audit Program must include 
procedures for identifying futures commission merchant member 
registrants over which it has oversight responsibilities that are 
determined to pose a high degree of potential financial risk, including 
the potential risk of loss of customer funds. High-risk member 
registrants must include firms experiencing financial or operational 
difficulties, failing to meet segregation or net capital requirements, 
failing to maintain current books and records, or experiencing material 
inadequacies in internal controls. Enhanced monitoring for high risk 
firms should include, as appropriate, daily review of net capital, 
segregation, and secured calculations, to assess compliance with self-
regulatory and Commission requirements.
    (4) On-site examinations. A designated self-regulatory organization 
must conduct routine periodic on-site examinations of futures 
commission merchant member registrants over which it has oversight 
responsibilities. Such member registrants must be subject to on-site 
examinations no less frequently than once every eighteen months. A 
designated self-regulatory organization shall establish a risk-based 
method of establishing the scope of each on-site examination, provided, 
however, that the scope of each on-site examination of a futures 
commission merchant must include an assessment of whether the 
registrant is in compliance with applicable Commission and self-
regulatory organization minimum capital, customer fund protection, 
recordkeeping, and reporting requirements. A designated self-regulatory 
organization must conduct on-site examinations of futures commission 
merchant registrants in accordance with the Joint Audit Program.

[[Page 67950]]

    (D) The Joint Audit Committee members must adequately document all 
aspects of the operation of the Joint Audit Program, including the 
conduct of risk-based scope setting and the risk-based surveillance of 
high-risk member registrants, and the imposition of remedial and 
punitive action(s) for material violations.
    (E) The Joint Audit Program must set forth in writing the 
examination standards that a designated self-regulatory organization 
must apply in its examination of a registered futures commission 
merchant. The Joint Audit Program must be based on controls testing as 
well as substantive testing and must address all areas of risk to which 
registered futures commission merchants can reasonably be foreseen to 
be subject. The determination as to which elements of the Joint Audit 
Program are to be performed on any examination must be based on the 
risk profile of each registered futures commission merchant as well as 
any additional areas of risk to be addressed in such examination.
    (F) All aspects of the Joint Audit Program, including the standards 
required pursuant to paragraph (d)(2)(ii)(G) of this section, must, at 
minimum, conform to generally accepted auditing standards after full 
consideration to those auditing standards as prescribed by the Public 
Company Accounting Oversight Board.
    (G) The Joint Audit Program must have standards addressing those 
items listed in paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this section.
    (H) The initial Joint Audit Program shall be established as 
follows. Within 120 days following the effective date of this section, 
or such other time as the Commission may approve, the Joint Audit 
Committee members shall submit a proposed initial Joint Audit Program 
to the Commission for its review and comment, together with a written 
report that includes the elements found in paragraphs (d)(2)(ii)(I)(1) 
and (3) of this section from an examinations expert who has evaluated 
the Joint Audit Program. Upon resolution of any questions or comments 
raised by the Commission, and upon notice from the Commission that it 
has no further comments or questions on the proposed Joint Audit 
Program as amended (by reason of the considerations of the Commission's 
questions or comments or otherwise), the designated self-regulatory 
organizations shall commence applying such Joint Audit Program as the 
standard for examining their respective registered futures commission 
merchants.
    (I) Following the establishment of the Joint Audit Program, no less 
frequently than once every two years, the Joint Audit Committee members 
must cause an examinations expert to evaluate the Joint Audit Program 
and each designated self-regulatory organization's application of the 
Joint Audit Program. The Joint Audit Committee members must obtain from 
such examinations expert a written report, and must provide the written 
report to the Commission no later than forty-five days prior to the 
annual meeting of the members of the Joint Audit Committee to be held 
in that year pursuant to paragraph (d)(2)(iii)(A) of this section. The 
written report must include the following:
    (1) An affirmation that the examinations expert has evaluated the 
Joint Audit Program, including the sufficiency of the risk-based 
approach and the internal controls testing thereof, and comments and 
recommendations in connection with such evaluation from such 
examinations expert;
    (2) An affirmation that the examinations expert has evaluated the 
application of the Joint Audit Program by each designated self-
regulatory organization, and comments and recommendations in connection 
with such evaluation from such examinations expert;
    (3) The examinations expert's opinion as to whether the Joint Audit 
Program is reasonably likely to identify a material deficiency in 
internal controls over financial and/or regulatory reporting and in any 
of the other items that are the subject of an examination conducted in 
accordance with the Joint Audit Program; and
    (4) A discussion and recommendation of any new or best practices as 
prescribed by industry sources, including, but not limited to, those 
from the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the 
Internal Audit Association and The Risk Management Association.
    (J) The Joint Audit Program must require each Joint Audit Committee 
member to report to its risk and/or audit committee of the board of 
directors with timely reports of the activities and findings of the 
Joint Audit Program to assist the risk and/or audit committee of the 
board of directors to fulfill its responsibility of overseeing the 
examination function.
    (iii) Meetings of the Joint Audit Committee. (A) No less frequently 
than once every year, the Joint Audit Committee members must meet to 
consider whether changes to the Joint Audit Program are appropriate, 
and in considering such, in meetings corresponding to the biennial 
written report obtained from an examinations expert pursuant to 
paragraph (d)(2)(ii)(I) of this section, the Joint Audit Committee 
members must consider such written report, including the results of the 
examinations expert's assessment of the Joint Audit Program and any 
additional recommendations. The Commission's questions, comments and 
proposals must also be considered. Upon notice from the Commission that 
it has no further comments or questions on the Joint Audit Program as 
amended (by reason of the examinations expert's proposals, 
considerations of the Commission's questions, comments and proposals, 
or otherwise), the designated self-regulatory organizations shall 
commence applying such Joint Audit Program as the standard for 
examining their respective registered futures commission merchants.
    (B) In addition to the items considered in paragraph (d)(2)(iii)(A) 
of this section, the Joint Audit Committee members must consider the 
following items during the annual meeting:
    (1) The role of the Joint Audit Committee and its members as it 
relates to self-regulatory organization responsibilities;
    (2) Developing and maintaining the Joint Audit Program for all 
designated self-regulatory organizations to follow with no exceptions;
    (3) Coordinating self-regulatory organization responsibilities with 
those of independent certified public accountants, the Commission and 
other regulators and self-regulatory organizations (e.g., the 
Securities and Exchange Commission, the Financial Industry Regulatory 
Authority, and others, as the case may be for futures commission 
merchants subject to regulation by multiple regulators and self-
regulatory organizations);
    (4) Coordinating and sharing information between the Joint Audit 
Committee members, including issues and industry concerns in connection 
with examinations of futures commission merchants;
    (5) Identifying industry financial and regulatory reporting issues 
and financial and operational internal control issues and modifying the 
Joint Audit Program accordingly;
    (6) Issuing an annual risk alert for futures commission merchants;
    (7) Issuing an annual examination alert for certified public 
accountants and designated self-regulatory organization examiners;
    (8) Responding to industry issues;
    (9) Providing industry feedback to Commission proposals; and

[[Page 67951]]

    (10) Developing and maintaining a standard of ethics and 
independence with which all examination units of the Joint Audit 
Committee members must comply.
    (C) Minutes must be taken of all meetings and distributed to all 
members on a timely basis.
    (D) The Commission must receive timely prior notice of each 
meeting, have to right to attend and participate in each meeting and 
receive written copies of the reports and minutes required pursuant to 
paragraphs (d)(2)(ii)(J) and (d)(2)(iii)(C) of this section, 
respectively.
    (3) The plan referenced in paragraph (d)(1) of this section shall 
not be effective without Commission approval pursuant to paragraph (h) 
of this section.
    (e) Any plan filed under this section may contain provisions for 
the allocation of expenses reasonably incurred by designated self-
regulatory organizations among the self-regulatory organizations 
participating in such a plan.
    (f) A plan's designated self-regulatory organizations must report 
to:
    (1) That plan's other self-regulatory organizations any violation 
of such other self-regulatory organizations' rules and regulations for 
which the responsibility to monitor or examine has been delegated to 
such designated self-regulatory organization under this section; and
    (2) The Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary 
Oversight of the Commission any violation of a self-regulatory 
organization's rules and regulations or any violation of the 
Commission's regulations for which the responsibility to monitor, 
audit, or examine has been delegated to such designated self-regulatory 
organization under this section.
    (g) The Joint Audit Committee members may, among themselves, 
establish programs to provide access to any necessary financial or 
related information.
    (h) After appropriate notice and opportunity for comment, the 
Commission may, by written notice, approve such a plan, or any part of 
the plan, if it finds that the plan, or any part of it:
    (1) Is necessary or appropriate to serve the public interest;
    (2) Is for the protection and in the interest of customers;
    (3) Reduces multiple monitoring and multiple examining for 
compliance with the minimum financial rules of the Commission and of 
the self-regulatory organizations submitting the plan of any futures 
commission merchant, retail foreign exchange dealer, or introducing 
broker that is a member of more than one self-regulatory organization;
    (4) Reduces multiple reporting of the financial information 
necessitated by such minimum financial and related reporting 
requirements by any futures commission merchant, retail foreign 
exchange dealer, or introducing broker that is a member of more than 
one self-regulatory organization;
    (5) Fosters cooperation and coordination among the self-regulatory 
organizations; and
    (6) Does not hinder the development of a registered futures 
association under section 17 of the Act.
    (i) After the Commission has approved a plan, or part thereof, 
under paragraph (h) of this section, a self-regulatory organization 
delegating the functions described in paragraph (d)(1) of this section 
must notify each of its members that are subject to such a plan:
    (1) Of the limited scope of the delegating self-regulatory 
organization's responsibility for such a member's compliance with the 
Commission's and self-regulatory organization's minimum financial and 
related reporting requirements; and
    (2) Of the identity of the designated self-regulatory organization 
that has been delegated responsibility for such a member; provided, 
however, that the self-regulatory organization that delegates, pursuant 
to paragraph (d) of this section, the functions set forth in paragraphs 
(b) and (c) of this section shall remain responsible for its member 
registrants' compliance with the regulatory obligations, and if such 
self-regulatory organization becomes aware that a delegated function is 
not being performed as required under this section, the self-regulatory 
organization shall promptly take any necessary steps to address any 
noncompliance.
    (j) The Commission may at any time, after appropriate notice and 
opportunity for hearing, withdraw its approval of any plan, or part 
thereof, established under this section, if such plan, or part thereof, 
ceases to adequately effectuate the purposes of section 4f(b) of the 
Act or of this section.
    (k) Whenever a registered futures commission merchant, a registered 
retail foreign exchange dealer, or a registered introducing broker 
holding membership in a self-regulatory organization ceases to be a 
member in good standing of that self-regulatory organization, such 
self-regulatory organization must, on the same day that event takes 
place, give electronic notice of that event to the Commission at its 
Washington, DC, headquarters and send a copy of that notification to 
such futures commission merchant, retail foreign exchange dealer, or 
introducing broker.
    (l) Nothing in this section shall preclude the Commission from 
examining any futures commission merchant, retail foreign exchange 
dealer, or introducing broker for compliance with the minimum financial 
and related reporting requirements, and the risk management 
requirements, as applicable, to which such futures commission merchant, 
retail foreign exchange dealer, or introducing broker is subject.
    (m) In the event a plan is not filed and/or approved for each 
registered futures commission merchant, retail foreign exchange dealer, 
or introducing broker that is a member of more than one self-regulatory 
organization, the Commission may design and, after notice and 
opportunity for comment, approve a plan for those futures commission 
merchants, retail foreign exchange dealers, or introducing brokers that 
are not the subject of an approved plan (under paragraph (h) of this 
section), delegating to a designated self-regulatory organization the 
responsibilities described in paragraph (d) of this section.
    18. Amend Sec.  1.55 by revising paragraphs (b)(2) through (8) and 
by adding paragraphs (b)(9) through (14), (i), (j), (k), (l), (m), (n), 
and (o), to read as follows:


Sec.  1.55  Public disclosures by futures commission merchants

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) The funds you deposit with a futures commission merchant for 
trading futures positions are not protected by insurance in the event 
of the bankruptcy or insolvency of the futures commission merchant, or 
in the event your funds are misappropriated due to fraud.
    (3) The funds you deposit with a futures commission merchant for 
trading futures positions are not protected by the Securities Investor 
Protection Corporation even if the futures commission merchant is 
registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as a broker or 
dealer.
    (4) The funds you deposit with a futures commission merchant are 
not guaranteed or insured by a derivatives clearing organization in the 
event of the bankruptcy or insolvency of the futures commission 
merchant, or if the futures commission merchant is otherwise unable to 
refund your funds.
    (5) The funds you deposit with a futures commission merchant are 
not held by the futures commission

[[Page 67952]]

merchant in a separate account for your individual benefit. Futures 
commission merchants commingle the funds received from customers in one 
or more accounts and you may be exposed to losses incurred by other 
customers if the futures commission merchant does not have sufficient 
capital to cover such other customers' trading losses.
    (6) The funds you deposit with a futures commission merchant may be 
invested by the futures commission merchant in certain types of 
financial instruments that have been approved by the Commission for the 
purpose of such investments. Permitted investments are listed in 
Commission Regulation 1.25 and include: U.S. government securities; 
municipal securities; money market mutual funds; and certain corporate 
notes and bonds. The futures commission merchant may retain the 
interest and other earnings realized from its investment of customer 
funds. You should be familiar with the types of financial instruments 
that a futures commission merchant may invest customer funds in.
    (7) Futures commission merchants are permitted to deposit customer 
funds with affiliated entities, such as affiliated banks, securities 
brokers or dealers, or foreign brokers. You should inquire as to 
whether your futures commission merchant deposits funds with affiliates 
and assess whether such deposits by the futures commission merchant 
with its affiliates increases the risks to your funds.
    (8) You should consult your futures commission merchant concerning 
the nature of the protections available to safeguard funds or property 
deposited for your account.
    (9) Under certain market conditions, you may find it difficult or 
impossible to liquidate a position. This can occur, for example, when 
the market reaches a daily price fluctuation limit (``limit move'').
    (10) All futures positions involve risk, and a ``spread'' position 
may not be less risky than an outright ``long'' or ``short'' position.
    (11) The high degree of leverage (gearing) that is often obtainable 
in futures trading because of the small margin requirements can work 
against you as well as for you. Leverage (gearing) can lead to large 
losses as well as gains.
    (12) In addition to the risks noted in the paragraphs enumerated 
above, you should be familiar with the futures commission merchant you 
select to entrust your funds for trading futures positions. The 
Commodity Futures Trading Commission requires each futures commission 
merchant to make publicly available on its Web site firm specific 
disclosures and financial information to assist you with your 
assessment and selection of a futures commission merchant. Information 
regarding this futures commission merchant may be obtained by visiting 
our Web site, www.[Web site address].
    ALL OF THE POINTS NOTED ABOVE APPLY TO ALL FUTURES TRADING WHETHER 
FOREIGN OR DOMESTIC. IN ADDITION, IF YOU ARE CONTEMPLATING TRADING 
FOREIGN FUTURES OR OPTIONS CONTRACTS, YOU SHOULD BE AWARE OF THE 
FOLLOWING ADDITIONAL RISKS:
    (13) Foreign futures transactions involve executing and clearing 
trades on a foreign exchange. This is the case even if the foreign 
exchange is formally ``linked'' to a domestic exchange, whereby a trade 
executed on one exchange liquidates or establishes a position on the 
other exchange. No domestic organization regulates the activities of a 
foreign exchange, including the execution, delivery, and clearing of 
transactions on such an exchange, and no domestic regulator has the 
power to compel enforcement of the rules of the foreign exchange or the 
laws of the foreign country. Moreover, such laws or regulations will 
vary depending on the foreign country in which the transaction occurs. 
For these reasons, customers who trade on foreign exchanges may not be 
afforded certain of the protections which apply to domestic 
transactions, including the right to use domestic alternative dispute 
resolution procedures. In particular, funds received from customers to 
margin foreign futures transactions may not be provided the same 
protections as funds received to margin futures transactions on 
domestic exchanges. Before you trade, you should familiarize yourself 
with the foreign rules which will apply to your particular transaction.
    (14) Finally, you should be aware that the price of any foreign 
futures or option contract and, therefore, the potential profit and 
loss resulting therefrom, may be affected by any fluctuation in the 
foreign exchange rate between the time the order is placed and the 
foreign futures contract is liquidated or the foreign option contract 
is liquidated or exercised.
    THIS BRIEF STATEMENT CANNOT, OF COURSE, DISCLOSE ALL THE RISKS AND 
OTHER ASPECTS OF THE COMMODITY MARKETS
    I hereby acknowledge that I have received and understood this risk 
disclosure statement.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Signature of Customer
* * * * *
    (i) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no futures 
commission merchant may enter into a customer account agreement or 
first accept funds from a customer, unless the futures commission 
merchant discloses to the customer all information about the futures 
commission merchant, including its business, operations, risk profile, 
and affiliates, that would be material to the customer's decision to 
entrust such funds to and otherwise do business with the futures 
commission merchant and that is otherwise necessary for full and fair 
disclosure. In connection with the disclosure of such information, the 
futures commission merchant shall provide material information about 
the topics described in paragraph (k) of this section, expanding upon 
such information as necessary to keep such disclosure from being 
misleading, whether through omission or otherwise. The futures 
commission merchant shall also disclose the same information required 
by this paragraph to all customers existing on the effective date of 
this paragraph even if the futures commission merchant and such 
existing customers have previously entered into a customer account 
agreement or the futures commission merchant has already accepted funds 
from such existing customers. The futures commission merchant shall 
update the information required by this section as and when necessary, 
but at least annually, to keep such information accurate and complete 
and shall promptly disclose such updated information to all of its 
customers. In connection with such obligation to update information, 
the futures commission merchant shall take into account any material 
change to its business operation, financial condition and other factors 
material to the customer's decision to entrust the customer's funds and 
otherwise do business with the futures commission merchant since its 
most recent disclosure pursuant to this paragraph, and for this purpose 
shall without limitation consider events that require periodic 
reporting required to be filed pursuant to Sec.  1.12 of this part. For 
purposes of this section, the disclosures required pursuant to this 
paragraph (i) will be referred to as the ``Disclosure Documents.'' The 
Disclosure Documents shall provide a detailed table of contents 
referencing and describing the Disclosure Documents.

[[Page 67953]]

    (j)(1) Each futures commission merchant shall make the Disclosure 
Documents available to each customer to whom disclosure is required 
pursuant to paragraph (i) of this section (for purposes of this 
section, its ``FCM Customers'') and to the general public.
    (2) A futures commission merchant shall make the Disclosure 
Documents available to FCM Customers and to the general public by 
posting a copy of the Disclosure Documents on the futures commission 
merchant's Web site. A futures commission merchant, however, may use an 
electronic means other than its Web site to make the Disclosure 
Documents available to its FCM Customers; provided that:
    (i) The electronic version of the Disclosure Documents shall be 
presented in a format that is readily communicated to the FCM 
Customers. Information is readily communicated to the FCM Customers if 
it is accessible to the ordinary computer user by means of commonly 
available hardware and software and if the electronically delivered 
document is organized in substantially the same manner as would be 
required for a paper document with respect to the order of presentation 
and the relative prominence of information; and
    (ii) A complete paper copy of the Disclosure Documents shall be 
provided to an FCM Customer upon request.
    (k) Specific Topics. The futures commission merchant shall provide 
material information about the following specific topics:
    (1) The futures commission merchant's name, address of its 
principal place of business, phone number, fax number, and email 
address;
    (2) The names and business addresses of the futures commission 
merchant's directors and senior management, including titles, business 
background, areas of responsibility, and the nature of duties of each;
    (3) The significant types of business activities and product lines 
engaged in by the futures commission merchant, and the approximate 
percentage of the futures commission merchant's assets and capital that 
are used in each type of activity;
    (4) The futures commission merchant's business on behalf of its 
customers, including types of accounts, markets traded, international 
businesses, and clearinghouses and carrying brokers used, and the 
futures commission merchant's policies and procedures concerning the 
choice of bank depositories, custodians, and other counterparties;
    (5) The material risks, accompanied by an explanation of how such 
risks may be material to its customers, of entrusting funds to the 
futures commission merchant, including, without limitation, the nature 
of investments made by the futures commission merchant (including 
credit quality, weighted average maturity, and weighted average 
coupon); the futures commission merchant's creditworthiness, leverage, 
capital, liquidity, principal liabilities, balance sheet leverage and 
other lines of business; risks to the futures commission merchant 
created by its affiliates and their activities, including investment of 
customer funds in an affiliated entity; and any significant 
liabilities, contingent or otherwise, and material commitments;
    (6) The name of the futures commission merchant's designated self-
regulatory organization and its Web site address and the location where 
the annual audited financial statements of the futures commission 
merchant is made available;
    (7) Any material administrative, civil, enforcement, or criminal 
action then pending, and any enforcement actions taken in last three 
years;
    (8) A basic overview of customer fund segregation, futures 
commission merchant collateral management and investments, futures 
commission merchants, and joint futures commission merchant/broker 
dealers;
    (9) Information on how a customer may obtain information regarding 
filing a complaint about the futures commission merchant with the 
Commission or with the firm's designated self-regulatory organization: 
and
    (10) The following financial data as of the most recent month-end 
when the Disclosure Document is prepared:
    (i) The futures commission merchant's total equity, regulatory 
capital, and net worth, all computed in accordance with U.S. Generally 
Accepted Accounting Principles and Sec.  1.17 of this part, as 
applicable;
    (ii) The dollar value of the futures commission merchant's 
proprietary margin requirements as a percentage of the aggregate margin 
requirement for futures customers, Cleared Swaps Customers, and 30.7 
Customers;
    (iii) The number of futures customers, Cleared Swaps Customers, and 
30.7 Customers that comprise 50 percent of the futures commission 
merchant's total funds held for futures customers, Cleared Swaps 
Customers, and 30.7 Customers, respectively;
    (iv) The aggregate notional value, by asset class, of all non-
hedged, principal over-the-counter transactions into which the futures 
commission merchant has entered;
    (v) The amount, generic source and purpose of any unsecured lines 
of credit (or similar short-term funding) the futures commission 
merchant has obtained but not yet drawn upon;
    (vi) The aggregated amount of financing the futures commission 
merchant provides for customer transactions involving illiquid 
financial products for which it is difficult to obtain timely and 
accurate prices; and
    (vii) The percentage of futures customer, Cleared Swaps Customer, 
and 30.7 Customer receivable balances that the futures commission 
merchant had to write-off as uncollectable during the past 12-month 
period, as compared to the current balance of funds held for futures 
customers, Cleared Swaps Customers, and 30.7 Customers; and
    (11) A summary of the futures commission merchant's current risk 
practices, controls and procedures.
    (l) In addition to the foregoing, each futures commission merchant 
shall adopt policies and procedures reasonably designed to ensure that 
advertising and solicitation activities by each such futures commission 
merchant and any introducing brokers associated with such futures 
commission merchant are not misleading to its FCM Customers in 
connection with their decision to entrust funds to and otherwise do 
business with such futures commission merchant.
    (m) The Disclosure Document required by paragraph (i) of this 
section is in addition to the Risk Disclosure Statement required under 
paragraph (a) of this section.
    (n) All Disclosure Documents, with each Disclosure Document dated 
the date of first use, shall be maintained in accordance with Sec.  
1.31 and shall be made available promptly upon request to 
representatives of its designated self-regulatory organization, 
representatives of the Commission, and representatives of applicable 
prudential regulators.
    (o)(1) Each futures commission merchant shall make the following 
financial information publicly available on its Web site:
    (i) The daily Statement of Segregation Requirements and Funds in 
Segregation for Customers Trading on U.S. Exchanges for the most 
current 12-month period;
    (ii) The daily Statement of Secured Amounts and Funds Held in 
Separate Accounts for 30.7 Customers Pursuant to Commission Regulation 
30.7 for the most current 12-month period;
    (iii) The daily Statement of Cleared Swaps Customer Segregation 
Requirements and Funds in Cleared

[[Page 67954]]

Swaps Customer Accounts Under Section 4d(f) of the Act for the most 
current 12-month period;
    (iv) A summary schedule of the futures commission merchant's 
adjusted net capital, net capital, and excess net capital, all computed 
in accordance with Sec.  1.17 of this part and reflecting balances as 
of the month-end for the 12 most recent months; and
    (v) The Statement of Financial Condition, the Statement of 
Segregation Requirements and Funds in Segregation for Customers Trading 
on U.S. Exchanges, the Statement of Secured Amounts and Funds Held in 
Separate Accounts for 30.7 Customers Pursuant to Commission Regulation 
30.7, the Statement of Cleared Swaps Customer Segregation Requirements 
and Funds in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts Under Section 4d(f) of the 
Act, an all related footnotes to the above schedules that are part of 
the futures commission merchant's most current certified annual report 
pursuant to Sec.  1.16 of this part.
    (2) Each futures commission merchant must include a statement on 
its Web site that is available to the public that financial information 
regarding the futures commission merchant, including how the futures 
commission merchant invests and holds customer funds, may be obtained 
from the National Futures Association and include a link to the Web 
site of the National Futures Association's Basic System where 
information regarding the futures commission merchant's investment of 
customer funds is maintained.
    (3) Each futures commission merchant must include a statement on 
its Web site that is available to the public that additional financial 
information on all futures commission merchants is available from the 
Commodity Futures Trading Commission, and include a link to the 
Commodity Futures Trading Commission's web page for financial data for 
futures commission merchants.

PART 3--REGISTRATION

    19. The authority citation for part 3 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552, 552b; 7 U.S.C. 1a, 2, 6a, 6b, 6b-1, 6c, 
6d, 6e, 6f, 6g, 6h, 6i, 6k, 6m, 6n, 6o, 6p, 6s, 8, 9, 9a, 12, 12a, 
13b, 13c, 16a, 18, 19, 21, and 23, as amended by Title VII of the 
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Pub. L. 
111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (Jul. 21, 2010).

    20. Amend Sec.  3.3 by revising paragraph (f)(2) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  3.3  Chief compliance officer.

* * * * *
    (f) * * *
    (2) The annual report shall be furnished electronically to the 
Commission not more than 60 days after the end of the fiscal year of 
the futures commission merchant, swap dealer, or major swap 
participant, simultaneously with the submission of Form 1-FR-FCM, as 
required under Sec.  1.10(b)(2)(ii) of this chapter, simultaneously 
with the Financial and Operational Combined Uniform Single Report, as 
required under Sec.  1.10(h) of this chapter, or simultaneously with 
the financial condition report, as required under section 4s(f) of the 
Act, as applicable.
* * * * *

PART 22--CLEARED SWAPS

    21. The authority citation for part 22 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1a, 6d, 7a-1 as amended by Title VII of the 
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Pub. L. 
111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (Jul. 21, 2010).

    22. Amend Sec.  22.2 by revising paragraphs (d)(1), (e)(1), (f)(2), 
(f)(4), (f)(5)(iii)(B), and (g)(2), and by adding paragraphs (f)(6) and 
(g)(3) through (10) to read as follows:


Sec.  22.2  Futures Commission Merchants: Treatment of Cleared Swaps 
and Associated Cleared Swap Customer Collateral.

* * * * *
    (d) Limitations on use. (1) No futures commission merchant shall 
use, or permit the use of, the Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral of one 
Cleared Swaps Customer to purchase, margin, or settle the Cleared Swaps 
or any other trade or contract of, or to secure or extend the credit 
of, any person other than such Cleared Swaps Customer. Cleared Swaps 
Customer Collateral shall not be used to margin, guarantee, or secure 
trades or contracts of the entity constituting a Cleared Swaps Customer 
other than in Cleared Swaps, except to the extent permitted by a 
Commission rule, regulation or order. For this purpose, a futures 
commission merchant which operationally commingles the funds of its 
Cleared Swaps Customers must ensure that at all times its residual 
interest in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts exceeds the sum of the 
margin deficits of all of its Cleared Swaps Customers.
* * * * *
    (e) * * *
    (1) Permitted investments. A futures commission merchant may invest 
money, securities, or other property constituting Cleared Swaps 
Customer Collateral in accordance with Sec.  1.25 of this chapter, 
which shall apply to such money, securities, or other property as if 
they comprised customer funds or customer money subject to segregation 
pursuant to section 4d(a) of the Act and the regulations thereunder; 
Provided, however, that the futures commission merchant shall bear sole 
responsibility for any losses resulting from the investment of customer 
funds in instruments described in Sec.  1.25 of this chapter. No 
investment losses shall be borne or otherwise allocated to Cleared 
Swaps Customers of the futures commission merchant.
* * * * *
    (f) * * *
    (2) The futures commission merchant must reflect in the account 
that it maintains for each Cleared Swaps Customer the market value of 
any Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral that it receives from such 
customer, as adjusted by:
    (i) Any uses permitted under Sec.  22.2(d) of this part;
    (ii) Any accruals on permitted investments of such collateral under 
Sec.  22.2(e) of this part that, pursuant to the futures commission 
merchant's customer agreement with that customer, are creditable to 
such customer;
    (iii) Any gains and losses with respect to Cleared Swaps;
    (iv) Any charges lawfully accruing to the Cleared Swaps Customer, 
including any commission, brokerage fee, interest, tax, or storage fee; 
and
    (v) Any appropriately authorized distribution or transfer of such 
collateral.
* * * * *
    (4) The futures commission merchant must, at all times, maintain in 
segregation, in its FCM Physical Locations and/or its Cleared Swaps 
Customer Accounts at Permitted Depositories, an amount equal to the sum 
of any credit balances that the Cleared Swaps Customers of the futures 
commission merchant have in their accounts, excluding from such sum any 
debit balances that the Cleared Swaps Customers of the futures 
commission merchant have in their accounts.
    (5) * * *
    (iii) * * *
    (B) Reduce such market value by applicable percentage deductions 
(i.e., ``securities haircuts'') as set forth in Rule 15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) 
of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Sec.  240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) 
of this title). Futures commission merchants that establish and enforce 
written policies and procedures to assess the credit risk of commercial 
paper, convertible debt instruments, or nonconvertible debt instruments 
in accordance with Rule

[[Page 67955]]

240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (17 CFR 
240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi)) may apply the lower haircut percentages specified 
in Rule 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) for such commercial paper, convertible 
debt instruments and nonconvertible debt instruments. The portion of 
the debit balance, not exceeding 100 percent, that is secured by the 
reduced market value of such readily marketable securities shall be 
included in calculating the sum referred to in paragraph (f)(4) of this 
section.
    (6) The FCM must reflect in the account it maintains for each 
Cleared Swaps Customer the amount of collateral required for the 
Cleared Swaps Customer's Cleared Swaps at each derivatives clearing 
organization on which the futures commission merchant is a member, or 
by each other futures commission merchant through which the futures 
commission merchant clears Cleared Swaps, and the total of such 
required collateral amounts. If the value of the Cleared Swaps Customer 
Collateral, as calculated in this section, for a Cleared Swaps Customer 
is less than the total amount of collateral required for that Cleared 
Swaps Customer's Cleared Swaps at such derivatives clearing 
organizations and such other futures commission merchants, the 
difference is a margin deficit. The futures commission merchant must at 
all times maintain a residual interest in Cleared Swaps Customer 
Accounts sufficient to exceed the sum of all margin deficits that 
Cleared Swaps Customers of the futures commission merchant have in 
their accounts. Such residual interest may not be withdrawn pursuant to 
any provision of this chapter.
    (g) * * *
    (2) Each futures commission merchant is required to document its 
segregation computation required by paragraph (g)(1) of this section by 
preparing a Statement of Cleared Swaps Customer Segregation 
Requirements and Funds in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts Under 4d(f) 
of the CEA contained in the Form 1-FR-FCM as of the close of business 
each business day.
    (3) Each futures commission merchant is required to submit to the 
Commission and to the firm's designated self-regulatory organization 
the daily Statement of Cleared Swaps Customer Segregation Requirements 
and Funds in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts Under 4d(f) of the CEA 
required by paragraph (g)(2) of this section by noon the following 
business day.
    (4) Each futures commission merchant shall file the Statement of 
Cleared Swaps Customer Segregation Requirements and Funds in Cleared 
Swaps Customer Accounts Under 4d(f) of the CEA required by paragraph 
(g)(2) of this section in an electronic format using a form of user 
authentication assigned in accordance with procedures established or 
approved by the Commission.
    (5) Each futures commission merchant is required to submit to the 
Commission and to the firm's designated self-regulatory organization a 
report listing of the names of all banks, trust companies, futures 
commission merchants, derivatives clearing organizations, or any other 
depository or custodian holding Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral as of 
the fifteenth day of the month, or the first business day thereafter, 
and the last business day of each month. This report must include:
    (i) The name and location of each entity holding Cleared Swaps 
Customer Collateral;
    (ii) The total amount of Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral held by 
each entity listed in this paragraph (g)(5); and
    (iii) The total amount of cash and investments that each entity 
listed in this paragraph (g)(5) holds for the futures commission 
merchant. The futures commission merchant must report the following 
investments:
    (A) Obligations of the United States and obligations fully 
guaranteed as to principal and interest by the United States (U.S. 
government securities);
    (B) General obligations of any State or of any political 
subdivision of a State (municipal securities);
    (C) General obligation issued by any enterprise sponsored by the 
United States (government sponsored enterprise securities);
    (D) Certificates of deposit issued by a bank;
    (E) Commercial paper fully guaranteed as to principal and interest 
by the United States under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program as 
administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
    (F) Corporate notes or bonds fully guaranteed as to principal and 
interest by the United States under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee 
Program as administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; 
and
    (G) Interests in money market mutual funds.
    (6) Each futures commission merchant must report the total amount 
of customer owned securities held by the futures commission merchant as 
Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral and must list the names and locations 
of the depositories holding customer owned securities.
    (7) Each futures commission merchant must report the total amount 
of Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral that has been used to purchase 
securities under agreements to resell the securities (reverse 
repurchase transactions).
    (8) Each futures commission merchant must report which, if any, of 
the depositories holding Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral under 
paragraph (g)(5) of this section are affiliated with the futures 
commission merchant.
    (9) Each futures commission merchant shall file the detailed list 
of depositories required by paragraph (g)(5) of this section by 11:59 
p.m. the next business day in an electronic format using a form of user 
authentication assigned in accordance with procedures established or 
approved by the Commission.
    (10) Each futures commission merchant shall retain its daily 
segregation computation and the Statement of Cleared Swaps Customer 
Segregation Requirements and Funds in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts 
under section 4d(f) of the CEA required by paragraph (g)(2) of this 
section and the detailed listing of depositories required by paragraph 
(g)(5) of this section, together with all supporting documentation, in 
accordance with Sec.  1.31 of this chapter.
    23. Add Sec.  22.17 to read as follows:


Sec.  22.17  Policies and procedures governing disbursements of Cleared 
Swaps Customer Collateral from Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts.

    (a) The provision in section 4d(f)(2) of the Act that prohibits the 
commingling of Cleared Swaps Customer Collateral with the funds of a 
futures commission merchant, shall not be construed to prevent a 
futures commission merchant from having a residual financial interest 
in the funds segregated as required by the Act and the regulations in 
this part and set apart for the benefit of Cleared Swaps Customers; nor 
shall such provisions be construed to prevent a futures commission 
merchant from adding to such segregated funds such amount or amounts of 
money, from its own funds or unencumbered securities from its own 
inventory, of the type set forth in Sec.  1.25 of this chapter, as it 
may deem necessary to ensure any and all Cleared Swaps Customer 
Accounts are not undersegregated at any time.
    (b) A futures commission merchant may not withdraw funds on any 
business day for its own proprietary use from a Cleared Swaps Customer 
Account unless the futures commission merchant has prepared the daily 
segregation calculation required by Sec.  22.2 of this part as of the 
close of business on the previous business day.

[[Page 67956]]

A futures commission merchant that has completed its daily segregation 
calculation may make withdrawals for its own use, to the extent of its 
actual residual financial interest in funds held in segregated 
accounts, including the withdrawal of securities held in segregated 
safekeeping accounts held by a bank, trust company, derivatives 
clearing organization or other futures commission merchant. Such 
withdrawal(s) shall not result in the funds of one Cleared Swaps 
Customer being used to purchase, margin or carry the trades, contracts 
or swaps positions, or extend the credit of any other Cleared Swaps 
Customer or other person. Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
chapter, a futures commission merchant must at all times maintain an 
amount of residual interest in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts for the 
benefit of Cleared Swaps Customers that exceeds the sum of all Cleared 
Swaps Customers' margin deficits and such residual interest may not be 
withdrawn by the futures commission merchant.
    (c) A futures commission merchant may not withdraw funds for its 
own proprietary use, in a single transaction or a series of 
transactions on a given business day, from Cleared Swaps Customer 
Accounts if such withdrawal(s) would exceed 25 percent of the futures 
commission merchant's residual interest in such accounts as reported on 
the daily segregation calculation required by Sec.  22.2 of this part 
and computed as of the close of business on the previous business day, 
unless:
    (1) The futures commission merchant's Chief Executive Officer, 
Chief Finance Officer or other senior official that is listed as a 
principal of the futures commission merchant on its Form 7-R and is 
knowledgeable about the futures commission merchant's financial 
requirements and financial position pre-approves in writing the 
withdrawal, or series of withdrawals;
    (2) The futures commission merchant files written notice of the 
withdrawal or series of withdrawals, with the Commission and with its 
designated self-regulatory organization immediately after the Chief 
Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer or other senior official pre-
approves the withdrawal or series of withdrawals. The written notice 
must:
    (i) Be signed by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer 
or other senior official that pre-approved the withdrawal, and give 
notice that the futures commission merchant has withdrawn or intends to 
withdraw more than 25 percent of its residual interest in such accounts 
holding Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts funds;
    (ii) Include a description of the reasons for the withdrawal or 
series of withdrawals;
    (iii) List the amount of funds provided to each recipient and the 
name of each recipient;
    (iv) Include the current estimate of the amount of the futures 
commission merchant's residual interest in the swaps customer funds 
after the withdrawal;
    (v) Contain a representation by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief 
Finance Officer or other senior official that pre-approved the 
withdrawal, or series of withdrawals, that, after due diligence, to 
such person's knowledge and reasonable belief, the futures commission 
merchant remains in compliance with the segregation requirements after 
the withdrawal. The Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer or 
other senior official must consider the daily segregation calculation 
as of the close of business on the previous business day and any other 
factors that may cause a material change in the futures commission's 
residual interest since the close of business the previous business 
day, including known unsecured customer debits or deficits, current day 
market activity and any other withdrawals made from the Cleared Swaps 
Customer Accounts; and
    (vi) Any such written notice filed with the Commission must be 
filed via electronic transmission using a form of user authentication 
assigned in accordance with procedures established by or approved by 
the Commission, and otherwise in accordance with instruction issued by 
or approved by the Commission. Any such electronic submission must 
clearly indicate the registrant on whose behalf such filing is made and 
the use of such user authentication in submitting such filing will 
constitute and become a substitute for the manual signature of the 
authorized signer. Any written notice filed must be followed up with 
direct communication to the Regional office of Commission which has 
supervisory authority over the futures commission merchant whereby the 
Commission acknowledges receipt of the notice; and
    (3) After making a withdrawal requiring the approval and notice 
required in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section, and before the 
next daily segregated funds calculation, no futures commission merchant 
may make any further withdrawals from accounts holding Cleared Swaps 
Customer Account funds, except to or for the benefit of Cleared Swaps 
Customers, without complying with paragraph (c)(1) of this section and 
filing a written notice with the Commission under (c)(2)(vi) of this 
section and its designated self-regulatory organization signed by the 
Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer, or other senior 
official. The written notice must:
    (i) List the amount of funds provided to each recipient and each 
recipient's name;
    (ii) Disclose the reason for each withdrawal;
    (iii) Confirm that the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance 
Officer, or other senior official (and identify of the person if 
different from the person who signed the notice) pre-approved the 
withdrawal in writing;
    (iv) Disclose the current estimate of the futures commission 
merchant's remaining total residual interest in the segregated accounts 
holding Cleared Swaps Customer Account funds after the withdrawal; and
    (v) Include a representation that to the best of the notice 
signatory's knowledge and reasonable belief the futures commission 
merchant remains in compliance with the segregation requirements after 
the withdrawal.
    (d) If a futures commission merchant withdraws funds from Cleared 
Swaps Customer Accounts for its own proprietary use, and the withdrawal 
causes the futures commission merchant to not hold sufficient funds in 
Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts to meet its targeted residual interest, 
as required to be computed under Sec.  1.11 of this chapter, the 
futures commission merchant must deposit its own funds into the Cleared 
Swaps Customer Accounts to restore the targeted amount of residual 
interest on the next business day, or, if appropriate, revise the 
futures commission merchant's targeted amount of residual interest 
pursuant to the policies and procedures required by Sec.  1.11 of this 
chapter. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if at any time the futures 
commission merchant's residual interest in Cleared Swaps Customer 
Accounts is less than the sum of its Cleared Swaps Customers' margin 
deficits, the futures commission merchant must immediately restore the 
residual interest to exceed the sum of such margin deficits. Any 
proprietary funds deposited in Cleared Swaps Customer Accounts must be 
unencumbered and otherwise compliant with Sec.  1.25 of this chapter, 
as applicable.
    (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, a futures 
commission merchant may not withdraw funds for its own proprietary use 
from a Cleared Swaps Customer Account unless the futures commission 
merchant follows its policies and procedures required by Sec.  1.11 of 
this chapter.

[[Page 67957]]

PART 30--FOREIGN FUTURES AND FOREIGN OPTIONS TRANSACTIONS

    24. The authority citation for part 30 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1a, 2, 4, 6, 6c, and 12a, as amended by 
Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer 
Protection Act, Pub. L. 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (Jul. 21, 2010).

    25. Amend Sec.  30.1 by adding paragraphs (f), (g), and (h) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  30.1  Definitions.

* * * * *
    (f) 30.7 Customer means any foreign futures or foreign options 
customer as defined in paragraph (c) of this section as well as any 
foreign-domiciled person who trades in foreign futures or foreign 
options through a futures commission merchant; Provided, however, that 
an owner or holder of a proprietary account as defined in paragraph (y) 
of Sec.  1.3 of this chapter shall not be deemed to be a 30.7 customer.
    (g) 30.7 Account means any account maintained by a futures 
commission merchant for or on behalf of 30.7 Customers to hold money, 
securities, or other property to margin, guarantee, or secure foreign 
futures or foreign option positions.
    (h) 30.7 Customer Funds means any money, securities, or other 
property received by a futures commission merchant from, for, or on 
behalf of 30.7 Customers to margin, guarantee, or secure foreign 
futures or foreign option positions, or money, securities, or other 
property accruing to 30.7 Customers as a result of foreign futures and 
foreign option positions.
    26. Revise Sec.  30.7 to read as follows:


Sec.  30.7  Treatment of foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amount.

    (a) General. Except as provided in this section, a futures 
commission merchant must at all times maintain in a separate account or 
accounts money, securities and property in an amount at least 
sufficient to cover or satisfy all of its obligations to 30.7 Customers 
denominated as the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount. 
In computing the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount, a 
futures commission merchant may offset any net deficit in a particular 
30.7 Customer's Account against the current market value of readily 
marketable securities held for the same particular 30.7 Customer's 
Account as provided for in paragraph (l) of this section. The amount 
that must be deposited in such separate account or accounts for 30.7 
Customers must be no less than the amount required to be held in a 
separate account or accounts for or on behalf of 30.7 Customers 
pursuant to any law, or rule, regulation or order thereunder, or any 
rule of any self-regulatory organization authorized thereunder, in the 
jurisdiction in which the depository or the 30.7 Customer, as 
appropriate, is located. In addition, the futures commission merchant 
must at all times maintain residual interest in separate accounts for 
30.7 Customers sufficient to exceed the sum of all margin deficits that 
the 30.7 Customers of the futures commission merchant have in their 
30.7 Accounts. Such residual interest may not be withdrawn pursuant to 
any provision of this section. If the value of a 30.7 Customer's Funds 
for a 30.7 Account is less than the total amount of collateral required 
for that 30.7 Customer's 30.7 Account for foreign futures or foreign 
options, the difference is a margin deficit.
    (b) Location of 30.7 Customer Funds. A futures commission merchant 
shall deposit the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount 
under an account name that clearly identifies the funds as belonging to 
30.7 Customers and shows that the foreign futures or foreign options 
secured amount is set aside as required by this part. A futures 
commission merchant may deposit funds set aside as the foreign futures 
or foreign options secured amount with the following depositories:
    (1) A bank or trust company located in the United States;
    (2) A bank or trust company located outside the United States that 
has in excess of $1 billion of regulatory capital;
    (3) A futures commission merchant registered as such with the 
Commission;
    (4) A derivatives clearing organization;
    (5) The clearing organization of any foreign board of trade;
    (6) A member of any foreign board of trade; or
    (7) Such member's or clearing organization's designated 
depositories.
    (c) Limitation on holding foreign futures or foreign options 
secured amount outside of the United States. A futures commission 
merchant may not deposit or hold the foreign futures or foreign options 
secured amount in accounts maintained outside of the United States with 
any of the depositories listed in paragraph (b) of this section except 
to meet margin requirements, including prefunding margin requirements, 
established by rule, regulation, or order of foreign boards of trade or 
foreign clearing organizations, or to meet margin calls issued by 
foreign brokers carrying the 30.7 Customers' foreign futures and 
foreign option positions; Provided, however, that a futures commission 
merchant may deposit an additional amount of up to 10 percent of the 
total amount of funds necessary to meet margin and prefunding margin 
requirements to avoid daily transfers of funds between the futures 
commission merchant's 30.7 Accounts maintained in the United States and 
those maintained outside of the United States. An FCM must deposit 30.7 
Customer Funds under the laws and regulations of the foreign 
jurisdiction that provide the greatest degree of protection to such 
funds. An FCM may not by contract or otherwise waive any of the 
protections afforded customer funds under the laws of the foreign 
jurisdiction.
    (d) Written acknowledgment from depositories. (1) Each futures 
commission merchant must obtain a written acknowledgment from each 
depository as set out in Appendix E to this part in accordance with the 
requirements of this part; Provided, however, that an acknowledgment 
need not be obtained from a derivatives clearing organization that has 
adopted and submitted to the Commission rules that provide for the 
separate holding of the foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amount, in accordance with all relevant provisions of the Act, this 
part and the regulations and orders promulgated thereunder, of all 
funds held on behalf of 30.7 Customers and all instruments purchased 
with funds set aside as the foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amount as provided for under paragraph (i) of this section.
    (2) The written acknowledgment must be in the form as set out in 
Appendix E to this part: Provided, however, that if the futures 
commission merchant invests funds set aside as the foreign futures or 
foreign options secured amount in money market mutual funds as a 
permitted investment under paragraph (i) of this section and in 
accordance with the terms and conditions of Sec.  1.25(c) of this 
chapter, the written acknowledgment with respect to such investment 
must be in the form as set out in Appendix F to this part.
    (3) A futures commission merchant may deposit 30.7 Customer Funds 
only with a depository that provides the Commission and the futures 
commission merchant's designated self-regulatory organization with 
direct, read-only access to account information on 24-hour a day basis. 
The Commission and the futures commission merchant's designated self-
regulatory organization must receive the direct access when the account 
is opened. The written acknowledgment must contain the

[[Page 67958]]

futures commission merchant's authorization to the depository to 
provide direct and immediate account access to the Commission and the 
futures commission merchant's designated self-regulatory organization.
    (4) A futures commission merchant may deposit 30.7 Customer Funds 
only with a depository that agrees to provide the Commission and the 
futures commission merchant's designated self-regulatory organization 
with a copy of the executed written acknowledgment within three 
business days of the opening of the account. The Commission must 
receive the written acknowledgment from the depository via electronic 
mail at acknowledgmentletters@cftc.gov. The written acknowledgment must 
contain the futures commission merchant's authorization to the 
depository to provide the written acknowledgment to the Commission and 
to the futures commission merchant's designated self-regulatory 
organization without further notice to or consent from the futures 
commission merchant.
    (5) A futures commission merchant may deposit 30.7 Customer Funds 
only with a depository that agrees to reply promptly and directly to 
the Commission's or to the futures commission merchant's designated 
self-regulatory organization's requests for confirmation of account 
balances or other account information without further notice to or 
consent from the futures commission merchant. The written 
acknowledgment must contain the futures commission merchant's 
authorization to the depository to respond directly and immediately to 
requests from the Commission or the futures commission merchant's 
designated self-regulatory organization for confirmation of account 
balances and other account information without further notice to or 
consent from the futures commission merchant.
    (6) The futures commission merchant shall promptly file a copy of 
the written acknowledgment with the Commission in the manner specified 
by the Commission and in no event later than the later of:
    (i) The effective date of this rule; or
    (ii) Three business days after the account is opened.
    (7) The futures commission merchant shall amend the written 
acknowledgment and promptly file the amended written acknowledgment 
with the Commission within 120 days of any changes in the following:
    (i) The name or business address of the futures commission 
merchant;
    (ii) The name or business address of the depository; or
    (iii) The account number(s) under which the foreign futures or 
foreign options secured amount are held.
    (8) Each futures commission merchant must maintain each written 
acknowledgment readily accessible in its files in accordance with Sec.  
1.31 of this chapter, for as long as the account remains open, and 
thereafter for the period provided in Sec.  1.31 of this chapter.
    (e) Commingling. (1) A futures commission merchant may commingle 
the funds set aside as the foreign futures or foreign options secured 
amount that it receives from, or on behalf of, multiple 30.7 Customers 
in a single account or multiple accounts with one or more of the 
depositories listed in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (2) A futures commission merchant may not commingle the funds set 
aside as the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount held for 
30.7 Customers with the money, securities or property of such futures 
commission merchant, with any proprietary account of such futures 
commission merchant, or use such funds to secure or guarantee the 
obligations of, or extend credit to, such futures commission merchant 
or any proprietary account of such futures commission merchant; 
Provided, however, a futures commission merchant may deposit 
proprietary funds into 30.7 Customer Accounts as permitted under 
paragraph (g) of this section.
    (3) A futures commission merchant may not commingle funds held for 
30.7 Customers with funds deposited by futures customers as defined in 
Sec.  1.3 of this chapter and held in account segregated pursuant to 
Section 4d(a) and 4d(b) of the Act or with funds deposited by Cleared 
Swap Customers as defined under Sec.  22.1 of this chapter and held in 
segregated accounts pursuant to Section 4d(f) of the Act, or with funds 
of any account holders of the futures commission merchant unrelated to 
trading foreign futures or foreign options; Provided, however, that a 
futures commission merchant may commingle 30.7 Customer funds with 
funds deposited by futures customers or Cleared Swaps Customers 
pursuant to the terms of a Commission regulation or order authorizing 
such commingling.
    (f) Limitations on use of 30.7 Customer Funds. (1) A futures 
commission merchant shall not use, or permit the use of, the funds of 
one 30.7 Customer to purchase, margin or settle the trades, contracts, 
or commodity options of, or to secure or extend credit to, any person 
other than such 30.7 Customer. This prohibition on the use of the funds 
of one 30.7 customer to extend credit to, or to purchase, margin or 
settle the trades, contracts, or commodity options of another 30.7 
Customer applies at all times. For this purpose, a futures commission 
merchant which operationally commingles the funds of its 30.7 Customers 
must ensure that at all times its residual interest in funds set aside 
as the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount exceeds the 
sum of all its 30.7 Customers' margin deficits.
    (2) A futures commission merchant may not impose or permit the 
imposition of a lien on any funds set aside as the foreign futures or 
foreign options secured amount, including any residual financial 
interest of the futures commission merchant in such funds.
    (3) A futures commission merchant may not include in funds set 
aside as the foreign futures or foreign options secured amount any 
money invested in securities, memberships, or obligations of any 
clearing organization or board of trade. A futures commission merchant 
may not include in funds set aside as the foreign futures or foreign 
options secured amount any other money, securities, or property held by 
a member of a foreign board of trade, board of trade, or clearing 
organization, except if the funds are deposited to margin, secure, or 
guarantee 30.7 Customers' foreign futures or foreign options positions 
and the futures commission merchant obtains the written acknowledgment 
from the member of the foreign board of trade, board of trade, or 
clearing organization as required by paragraph (d) of this section.
    (g) Futures commission merchant's residual financial interest and 
withdrawal of funds. (1) The provision in paragraph (e) of this 
section, which prohibits the commingling of funds set aside as the 
foreign futures or foreign options secured amount with the funds of a 
futures commission merchant, shall not be construed to prevent a 
futures commission merchant from having a residual financial interest 
in the funds set aside as required by the regulations in this part for 
the benefit of 30.7 Customers; nor shall such provisions be construed 
to prevent a futures commission merchant from adding to such set aside 
funds such amount or amounts of money, from its own funds or 
unencumbered securities from its own inventory, of the type set forth 
in Sec.  1.25 of this chapter, as it may deem necessary to ensure any 
and all 30.7 Accounts from becoming undersecured at any time.
    (2) A futures commission merchant may not withdraw funds on any 
business day for its own proprietary use

[[Page 67959]]

from an account or accounts holding the foreign futures and foreign 
options secured amount unless the futures commission merchant has 
prepared the daily 30.7 calculation required by paragraph (l) of this 
section as of the close of business on the previous business day. A 
futures commission merchant that has completed its daily 30.7 
calculation may make withdrawals to its own order, to the extent of its 
actual residual financial interest in funds held in 30.7 Accounts, 
including the withdrawal of securities held in secured amount 
safekeeping accounts held by a bank, trust company, contract market, 
clearing organization, member of a foreign board of trade, or other 
futures commission merchant. Such withdrawal(s) shall not result in the 
funds of one 30.7 Customer being used to purchase, margin or carry the 
foreign futures or foreign options positions, or extend the credit of 
any other 30.7 Customer or other person. Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this section, a futures commission merchant must at all 
times maintain an amount of residual interest in separate accounts for 
the benefit of 30.7 Customers that exceeds the sum of all 30.7 
Customers' margin deficits and such residual interest may not be 
withdrawn by the futures commission merchant.
    (3) A futures commission merchant may not withdraw funds for its 
own proprietary use, in a single transaction or a series of 
transactions on a given business day, from an account or accounts 
holding 30.7 Customer Funds if such withdrawal(s) would exceed 25 
percent of the futures commission merchant's residual interest in such 
accounts as reported on the daily secured amount calculation required 
by paragraph (l) of this section and computed as of the close of 
business on the previous business day, unless the futures commission 
merchant's Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer or other 
senior official that is listed as a principal of the futures commission 
merchant on its Form 7-R and is knowledgeable about the futures 
commission merchant's financial requirements and financial position 
pre-approves in writing the withdrawal, or series of withdrawals.
    (4) A futures commission merchant must file written notice of the 
withdrawal or series of withdrawals that exceed 25 percent of the 
futures commission merchant's residual interest in 30.7 Customer Funds 
as computed under paragraph (h)(2) of this section with the Commission 
and with its designated self-regulatory organization immediately after 
the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer or other senior 
official as described in paragraph (g)(2) of this section pre-approves 
the withdrawal or series of withdrawals. The written notice must:
    (i) Be signed by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance Officer 
or other senior official that pre-approved the withdrawal, and give 
notice that the futures commission merchant has withdrawn or intends to 
withdraw more than 25 percent of its residual interest in accounts 
holding 30.7 Customer Funds;
    (ii) Include a description of the reasons for the withdrawal or 
series of withdrawals;
    (iii) List the amount of funds provided to each recipient and the 
name of each recipient;
    (iv) Include the current estimate of the amount of the futures 
commission merchant's residual interest in the 30.7 Customer Funds 
after the withdrawal;
    (v) Contain a representation by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief 
Finance Officer or other senior official as described in paragraph 
(g)(3) of this section that pre-approved the withdrawal, or series of 
withdrawals, that to such person's knowledge and reasonable belief, the 
futures commission merchant remains in compliance with the secured 
amount requirements after the withdrawal. The Chief Executive Officer, 
Chief Finance Officer or other appropriate senior official as described 
in paragraph (g)(2) of this section must consider the daily 30.7 
calculation as of the close of business on the previous business day 
and any other factors that may cause a material change in the futures 
commission's residual interest since the close of business the previous 
business day, including known unsecured customer debits or deficits, 
current day market activity and any other withdrawals made from the 
30.7 Customer Accounts; and
    (vi) Any such written notice filed with the Commission must be 
filed via electronic transmission using a form of user authentication 
assigned in accordance with procedures established by or approved by 
the Commission, and otherwise in accordance with instruction issued by 
or approved by the Commission. Any such electronic submission must 
clearly indicate the registrant on whose behalf such filing is made and 
the use of such user authentication in submitting such filing will 
constitute and become a substitute for the manual signature of the 
authorized signer. Any written notice filed must be followed up with 
direct communication to the Regional office of Commission which has 
supervisory authority over the futures commission merchant whereby the 
Commission acknowledges receipt of the notice.
    (5) After making a withdrawal requiring the approval and notice 
required in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section, and before the 
next daily secured amount calculation, no futures commission merchant 
may make any further withdrawals from accounts holding 30.7 Customer 
Funds, except to or for the benefit of 30.7 Customers, without, for 
each withdrawal, obtaining the approval required under paragraph (c)(1) 
of this section and filing a written notice with the Commission under 
paragraph (g)(4)(vi) of this section and its designated self-regulatory 
organization signed by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance 
Officer, or other senior official. The written notice must:
    (i) List the amount of funds provided to each recipient and each 
recipient's name;
    (ii) Disclose the reason for each withdrawal;
    (iii) Confirm that the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Finance 
Officer, or other senior official (and identify of the person if 
different from the person who signed the notice) pre-approved the 
withdrawal in writing;
    (iv) Disclose the current estimate of the futures commission 
merchant's remaining total residual interest in the secured accounts 
holding 30.7 Customer Funds after the withdrawal; and
    (v) Include a representation that to the best of the notice 
signatory's knowledge and reasonable belief the futures commission 
merchant remains in compliance with the secured amount requirements 
after the withdrawal.
    (6) If a futures commission merchant withdraws funds from the 
separate accounts holding 30.7 Customer Funds for its own proprietary 
use, and the withdrawal causes the futures commission merchant to not 
hold sufficient funds in the separate accounts for the benefit of the 
30.7 Customers to meet its targeted residual interest, as required to 
be computed under Sec.  1.11 of this chapter, the futures commission 
merchant must deposit its own funds into the separate accounts for the 
benefit of 30.7 Customers to restore the account balance to the 
targeted residual interest amount on the next business day, or, if 
appropriate, revise the futures commission merchant's targeted amount 
of residual interest pursuant to the policies and procedures required 
by Sec.  1.11 of this chapter. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if at any 
time the futures commission merchant's residual interest in separate 
accounts for the benefit of 30.7 Customers is less than the sum of

[[Page 67960]]

its 30.7 Customer's margin deficits, the futures commission merchant 
must immediately restore the residual interest to exceed the sum of 
such margin deficits. Any proprietary funds deposited in the 30.7 
Customer Accounts must be unencumbered and otherwise compliant with 
Sec.  1.25 of this section, as applicable.
    (7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, a futures 
commission merchant may not withdraw funds for its own proprietary use 
from 30.7 Accounts unless the futures commission merchant follows its 
policies and procedures required by Sec.  1.11 of this chapter.
    (h) Permitted investments and deposits of 30.7 Customer Funds. (1) 
A futures commission merchant may invest 30.7 Customer Funds subject 
to, and in compliance with, the terms and conditions of Sec.  1.25 of 
this chapter. Regulation 1.25 of this chapter shall apply to the 
investment of 30.7 Customer Funds as if such funds comprised customer 
funds or customer money subject to segregation pursuant to section 4d 
of the Act and the regulations thereunder.
    (2) Each futures commission merchant that invests money, securities 
or property on behalf of 30.7 Customers must keep a record showing the 
following:
    (i) The date on which such investments were made;
    (ii) The name of the person through whom such investments were 
made;
    (iii) The amount of money or current market value of securities so 
invested;
    (iv) A description of the obligations in which such investments 
were made, including CUSIP or ISIN numbers;
    (v) The identity of the depositories or other places where such 
investments are maintained;
    (vi) The date on which such investments were liquidated or 
otherwise disposed of and the amount of money received or current 
market value of securities received as a result of such disposition;
    (vii) The name of the person to or through whom such investments 
were disposed of; and
    (viii) A daily valuation for each instrument and readily available 
documentation supporting the daily valuation for each instrument. Such 
supporting documentation must be sufficient to enable third parties to 
verify the valuations and the accuracy of any information from external 
sources used in those valuations.
    (3) Any 30.7 Customer Funds deposited in a bank or trust company 
located in the United States or in a foreign jurisdiction must be 
available for immediate withdrawal upon the demand of the futures 
commission merchant.
    (4) Futures commission merchants that invest 30.7 Customer Funds in 
instruments described in Sec.  1.25 of this chapter shall include such 
instruments in the computation of its secured amount requirements, 
required under paragraph (l) of this section, at values that at no time 
exceed current market value, determined as of the close of the market 
on the date for which such computation is made.
    (i) Responsibility for Sec.  1.25 investment losses. A futures 
commission merchant shall bear sole financial responsibility for any 
losses resulting from the investment of 30.7 Customer Funds in 
instruments described in Sec.  1.25 of this chapter. No investment 
losses shall be borne or otherwise allocated to the 30.7 Customers of 
the futures commission merchant.
    (j) Loans by futures commission merchants; Treatment of proceeds. A 
futures commission merchant may lend its own funds to 30.7 Customers on 
securities and property pledged, or from repledging or selling such 
securities and property pursuant to specific written agreement with 
such 30.7 Customers. The proceeds of such loans used to purchase, 
margin, guarantee, or secure the trades, contracts, or commodity 
options of 30.7 Customers shall be treated and dealt with by a futures 
commission merchant as belonging to such 30.7 Customers. A futures 
commission merchant may not loan funds on an unsecured basis to finance 
a 30.7 Customer's foreign futures and foreign options trading, nor may 
a futures commission merchant loan funds to a 30.7 Customer secured by 
the 30.7 Customer's trading account.
    (k) Permitted withdrawals. A futures commission merchant may 
withdraw funds from 30.7 Customer Accounts in an amount necessary in 
the normal course of business to margin, guarantee, secure, transfer, 
or settle 30.7 Customers' foreign futures or foreign option positions 
with a foreign broker or clearing organization. A futures commission 
merchant also may withdraw funds from 30.7 Customer Accounts to pay 
commissions, brokerage, interest, taxes, storage, and other charges 
lawfully accruing in connection with the 30.7 Customers' foreign 
futures and foreign options positions.
    (l) Daily computation of 30.7 Customer secured amount requirement 
and details regarding the holding and investing of 30.7 Customer Funds. 
(1) Each futures commission merchant is required to prepare a Statement 
of Secured Amounts and Funds Held in Separate Accounts for 30.7 
Customers pursuant to Commission Regulation 30.7 contained in the Form 
1-FR-FCM as of the close of each business day. Futures commission 
merchants that invest funds set aside as the foreign futures or foreign 
options secured amount in instruments described in Sec.  1.25 of this 
chapter shall include such instruments in the computation of its 
secured amount requirements at values that at no time exceed current 
market value, determined as of the close of the market on the date for 
which such computation is made. Nothing in this paragraph shall affect 
the requirement that a futures commission merchant at all times 
maintain sufficient money, securities and property to cover its total 
obligations to all 30.7 Customers, in accordance with paragraph (a) of 
this section.
    (2) A futures commission merchant may offset any net deficit in a 
particular 30.7 Customer's Account against the current market value of 
readily marketable securities, less deductions (i.e. ``securities 
haircuts'') as set forth in Rule 15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) of the Securities and 
Exchange Commission (17 CFR 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi)), held for the same 
particular 30.7 Customer's Account in computing the daily Foreign 
Futures and Foreign Options Secured Amount. Futures commission 
merchants that establish and enforce written policies and procedures to 
assess the credit risk of commercial paper, convertible debt 
instruments, or nonconvertible debt instruments in accordance with Rule 
240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (17 CFR 
240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi)) may apply the lower haircut percentages specified 
in Rule 240.15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) for such commercial paper, convertible 
debt instruments and nonconvertible debt instruments. The futures 
commission merchant must maintain a security interest in the 
securities, including a written authorization to liquidate the 
securities at the futures commission merchant's discretion, and must 
set aside the securities in a safekeeping account compliant with 
paragraph (c) of this section. For purposes of this section, a security 
will be considered ``readily marketable'' if it is traded on a ``ready 
market'' as defined in Rule 15c3-1(c)(11)(i) of the Securities and 
Exchange Commission (17 CFR 240.15c3-1(c)(11)(i)).
    (3) Each futures commission merchant is required to submit to the 
Commission and to the firm's designated self-regulatory organization 
the daily Statement of Secured Amounts and Funds Held in Separate 
Accounts for

[[Page 67961]]

30.7 Customers pursuant to Commission Regulation 30.7 required by 
paragraph (l)(1) of this section by noon the following business day.
    (4) Each futures commission merchant shall file the Statement of 
Secured Amounts and Funds Held in Separate Accounts for 30.7 Customers 
pursuant to Commission Regulation 30.7 required by paragraph (l)(1) of 
this section in an electronic format using a form of user 
authentication assigned in accordance with procedures established or 
approved by the Commission.
    (5) Each futures commission merchant is required to submit to the 
Commission and to the firm's designated self-regulatory organization a 
report listing of the names of all banks, trust companies, futures 
commission merchants, derivatives clearing organizations, foreign 
brokers, foreign clearing organizations, or any other depository or 
custodian holding 30.7 Customer Funds as of the fifteenth day of the 
month, or the first business day thereafter, and the last business day 
of each month. This report must include:
    (i) The name and location of each depository holding 30.7 Customer 
Funds;
    (ii) The total amount of 30.7 Customer Funds held by each 
depository listed in paragraph (l)(5) of this section; and
    (iii) The total amount of cash and investments that each depository 
listed in paragraph (l)(5) of this section holds for the futures 
commission merchant. The futures commission merchant must report the 
following investments:
    (A) Obligations of the United States and obligations fully 
guaranteed as to principal and interest by the United States (U.S. 
government securities);
    (B) General obligations of any State or of any political 
subdivision of a State (municipal securities);
    (C) General obligation issued by any enterprise sponsored by the 
United States (government sponsored enterprise securities);
    (D) Certificates of deposit issued by a bank;
    (E) Commercial paper fully guaranteed as to principal and interest 
by the United States under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program as 
administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
    (F) Corporate notes or bonds fully guaranteed as to principal and 
interest by the United States under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee 
Program as administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; 
and
    (G) Interests in money market mutual funds.
    (6) Each futures commission merchant must report the total amount 
of customer owned securities held by the futures commission merchant as 
30.7 Customer Funds and must list the names and locations of the 
depositories holding customer owned securities.
    (7) Each futures commission merchant must report the total amount 
of 30.7 Customer Funds that have been used to purchase securities under 
agreements to resell the securities (reverse repurchase transactions).
    (8) Each futures commission merchant must report which, if any, of 
the depositories holding 30.7 Customer Funds under paragraph (l)(5) of 
this section are affiliated with the futures commission merchant.
    (9) Each futures commission merchant shall file the detailed list 
of depositories required by paragraph (l)(5) of this section by 11:59 
p.m. the next business day in an electronic format using a form of user 
authentication assigned in accordance with procedures established or 
approved by the Commission.
    (10) Each futures commission merchant shall retain its daily 
secured amount computation, the Statement of Secured Amounts and Funds 
Held in Separate Accounts for 30.7 Customers pursuant to Commission 
Regulation 30.7 required by paragraph (l)(1) of this section, and the 
detailed list of depositories required by paragraph (l)(5) of this 
section, together with all supporting documentation, in accordance with 
the requirements of Sec.  1.31 of this part.
    27. Add Appendix E and Appendix F to part 30 to read as follows:

Appendix E to Part 30--Acknowledgment Letter for CFTC Regulation 30.7 
Customer Secured Account

    [Date]
    [Name and Address of Depository]
    We refer to the Secured Amount Account(s) which [Name of Futures 
Commission Merchant] (``we'' or ``our'') have opened or will open 
with [Name of Depository] (``you'' or ``your'') entitled:
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant] [if applicable, add ``FCM 
Customer Omnibus Account''] CFTC Regulation 30.7 Customer Secured 
Account [If applicable, include any abbreviated name of the 
Account(s) as reflected in the Depository's electronic systems 
(provided any such abbreviated name must reflect that the Account(s) 
is a CFTC regulated customer secured account)]
    Account Number(s):
    (collectively, the ``Account(s)'').
    You acknowledge and agree that we have opened or will open the 
above-referenced Account(s) for the purpose of depositing, as 
applicable, money, securities and other property (collectively 
``Funds'') for or on behalf of our customers who are entering into 
foreign futures and/or foreign options transactions (as such terms 
are defined in U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (``CFTC'') 
Regulation 30.1, as amended). The Funds deposited in the Account(s) 
or accruing to the credit of the Accounts will be kept separate and 
apart and separately accounted for on your books from our own funds 
and all other accounts maintained by us in accordance with the 
provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act, as amended (the ``Act''), 
and Part 30 of the CFTC's regulations, as amended, and may not be 
commingled with our own funds in any proprietary account we maintain 
with you and the Funds must otherwise be treated in accordance with 
the provisions of the Act and CFTC Regulations.
    Furthermore, you acknowledge and agree that such Funds may not 
be used by you or by us to secure or guarantee any obligations that 
we might owe to you, nor may they be used by us to secure credit 
from you. You further acknowledge and agree that the Funds in the 
Account(s) shall not be subject to any right of offset or lien for 
or on account of any indebtedness, obligations or liabilities we may 
now or in the future have owing to you, and that you understand the 
nature of the Funds held or hereafter deposited in the Account(s) 
and that you will treat and maintain such Funds in accordance with 
the provisions of the Act and CFTC regulations. This prohibition 
does not affect your right to recover funds advanced in the form of 
cash transfers you make in lieu of liquidating non-cash assets held 
in the Account(s) for purposes of variation settlement or posting 
initial (original) margin.
    In addition, you agree that the Account(s) may be examined at 
any reasonable time by an appropriate officer, agent or employee of 
the CFTC or a self-regulatory organization, and this letter 
constitutes the authorization and direction of the undersigned to 
permit any such examination or audit to take place. You agree to 
respond promptly and directly to requests for confirmation of 
account balances and other account information from an appropriate 
officer, agent, or employee of the CFTC or a self-regulatory 
organization of which we are a member, without further notice to or 
consent from the futures commission merchant. You also agree that, 
immediately upon instruction by the director of the Division of Swap 
Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the CFTC or the director of the 
Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, or any successor 
divisions, or such directors' designees, or any appropriate official 
of a self-regulatory organization of which we are a member, you will 
provide any and all information regarding or related to the Funds or 
the Accounts as shall be specified in such instruction and as 
directed in such instruction. You further agree that you will 
provide the CFTC and our designated self-regulatory organization 
with the necessary software, a user log-in, and password that will 
allow the CFTC and our designated self-regulatory organization to 
have read-only access to the accounts listed above on your Web site 
on a 24-hour a day basis. This letter further constitutes the 
consent and authorization of the undersigned for you to respond 
immediately to requests from appropriate officers, agents, or 
employees of the CFTC or a self-regulatory

[[Page 67962]]

organization for information and/or confirmation of current and 
historical account balances of the Account(s).
    You acknowledge and agree that you meet the requirements 
detailed for depositories in CFTC Regulation 30.7, as amended. You 
further acknowledge and agree that the Funds in the Account(s) shall 
be released immediately, subject to the requirements of US or non-
U.S. law as applicable, upon proper notice and instruction from an 
appropriate officer or employee of us or from the director of the 
Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, the director of the 
Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight, or any successor 
divisions, or such directors' designees. We will not hold you 
responsible for acting pursuant to any instruction from the CFTC 
upon which you have relied after having taken reasonable measures to 
assure that such instruction was provided to you by the director of 
the Division of Clearing and Risk or the director of the Division of 
Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the CFTC, or any successor 
divisions, or such directors' designees.
    In the event we become subject to either a voluntary or 
involuntary petition for relief under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, we 
acknowledge that you will have no obligation to release the Funds 
held in the Account(s), except upon instruction of the Trustee in 
Bankruptcy or pursuant to the Order of the respective U.S. 
Bankruptcy Court.
    Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing to the contrary, 
nothing contained herein shall be construed as limiting your right 
to assert any right of set off against or lien on assets other than 
assets maintained in the Account(s), nor to impose such charges 
against us or any proprietary account maintained by us with you. 
Further, it is understood that amounts represented by checks, drafts 
or other items shall not be considered to be part of the Account(s) 
until finally collected. Accordingly, checks, drafts and other items 
credited to the Account(s) and subsequently dishonored or otherwise 
returned to you, or reversed, for any reason and any claims relating 
thereto, including but not limited to claims of alteration or 
forgery, may be charged back to the Account(s), and we shall be 
responsible to you as a general endorser of all such items whether 
or not actually so endorsed.
    You may conclusively presume that any withdrawal from the 
Account(s) and the balances maintained therein are in conformity 
with the Act and CFTC regulations without any further inquiry, 
provided that you have no notice of or actual knowledge of, or could 
not reasonably know of, a violation of the Act or other provision of 
law by us; and you shall not in any manner not expressly agreed to 
herein be responsible for ensuring compliance by us with the 
provisions of the Act and CFTC regulations.
    You may, and are hereby authorized to, obey the order, judgment, 
decree or levy of any court of competent jurisdiction or any 
governmental agency with jurisdiction, which order, judgment, decree 
or levy relates in whole or in part to the Account(s). In any event, 
you shall not be liable by reason of any such action or omission to 
act, to us or to any other person, firm, association or corporation 
even if thereafter any such order, decree, judgment or levy shall be 
reversed, modified, set aside or vacated.
    The terms of this letter agreement shall remain binding upon the 
parties, their successors and assigns, including for the avoidance 
of doubt, regardless of the change in name of any party. This letter 
agreement supersedes and replaces any prior agreement between the 
parties in connection with the Account(s), including but not limited 
to any prior acknowledgment letter, to the extent that such prior 
agreement is inconsistent with the terms hereof. In the event of any 
conflict between this letter agreement and any other agreement 
between the parties in connection with the Account(s), this letter 
agreement shall govern with respect to matters specific to the Act 
and the CFTC's regulations, as amended.
    This letter agreement shall be governed by and construed in 
accordance with the laws of [Insert governing law] without regard to 
the principles of choice of law.
    Please acknowledge that you agree to abide by the requirements 
and conditions set forth above by signing and returning the enclosed 
copy of this letter. You further acknowledge and agree to provide a 
copy of this fully executed letter directly to the CFTC (via 
electronic mail to acknowledgmentletters@cftc.gov) and our 
designated self-regulatory organization.
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    ACKNOWLEDGED AND AGREED:
    [Name of Depository]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    Contact Information: [Insert phone number and email address]
    DATE:

Appendix F to Part 30:

    CFTC Regulation 30.7--Acknowledgment Letter for CFTC Regulation 
30.7 Customer Secured Money Market Mutual Fund Account [All of this 
was not proposed]
    [Date]
    [Name and Address of Money Market Mutual Fund]
    We propose to invest funds held by [Name of Futures Commission 
Merchant or Derivatives Clearing Organization] (``we'' or ``our'') 
on behalf of our customers in shares of [Name of Money Market Mutual 
Fund] (``you'' or ``your'') under account(s) entitled (or shares 
issued to):
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant or Derivatives Clearing 
Organization] [if applicable, add ``FCM Customer Omnibus Account''] 
CFTC Regulation 30.7 Customer Secured Money Market Mutual Fund 
Account
    [If applicable, include any abbreviated name of the Account(s) 
as reflected in the Depository's electronic systems (provided any 
such abbreviated name must reflect that the Account(s) is a CFTC 
regulated customer segregated account)]
    Account Number(s): [ ]
    (collectively, the ``Account(s)'').
    You acknowledge and agree that we are holding these funds, 
including any shares issued and amounts accruing in connection 
therewith (collectively, the ``Shares''), for the benefit of our 
customers who are entering into foreign futures and/or foreign 
options transactions (as such terms are defined in U.S. Commodity 
Futures Trading Commission (``CFTC'') Regulation 30.1, as amended); 
that the Shares held by you, hereafter deposited in the Account(s) 
or accruing to the credit of the Accounts, will be kept separate and 
apart and separately accounted for on your books from our own funds 
and from any other funds or accounts held by us in accordance with 
the provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act, as amended (the 
``Act''), and Part 30 of the CFTC's regulations, as amended; and 
that the Shares must otherwise be treated in accordance with the 
provisions of the Act and CFTC regulations.
    Furthermore, you acknowledge and agree that such Shares may not 
be used by you or by us to secure or guarantee any obligations that 
we might owe to you, nor may they be used by us to secure credit 
from you. You further acknowledge and agree that the Shares in the 
Account(s) shall not be subject to any right of offset or lien for 
or on account of any indebtedness, obligations or liabilities we may 
now or in the future have owing to you.
    In addition, you agree that the Account(s) may be examined at 
any reasonable time by an appropriate officer, agent or employee of 
the CFTC or a self-regulatory organization, and this letter 
constitutes the authorization and direction of the undersigned to 
permit any such examination or audit to take place. You agree to 
respond promptly and directly to requests for confirmation of 
account balances and other account information from an appropriate 
officer, agent, or employee of the CFTC or a self-regulatory 
organization of which we are a member, without further notice to or 
consent from the futures commission merchant. You also agree that, 
immediately upon instruction by the director of the Division of Swap 
Dealer and Intermediary Oversight of the CFTC or the director of the 
Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, or any successor 
divisions, or such directors' designees, or any appropriate official 
of a self-regulatory organization of which we are a member, you will 
provide any and all information regarding or related to the Funds or 
the Accounts as shall be specified in such instruction and as 
directed in such instruction. You further agree that you will 
provide the CFTC and our designated self-regulatory organization 
with the necessary software, a user log-in, and password that will 
allow the CFTC and our designated self-regulatory organization to 
have read-only access to the accounts listed above on your Web site 
on a 24-hour a day basis. This letter further constitutes the 
consent and authorization of the undersigned for you to respond 
immediately to requests from appropriate officers, agents, or 
employees of the CFTC or a self-regulatory organization for 
information and/or confirmation of current and historical account 
balances of the Account(s).

[[Page 67963]]

    You acknowledge and agree that the Shares in the Account(s) 
shall be released immediately, subject to the requirements of U.S. 
or non-U.S. law as applicable, upon proper notice and instruction 
from an appropriate officer or employee of us or from the director 
of the Division of Clearing and Risk or the director of the Division 
of Swap Dealers and Intermediary Oversight of the CFTC, or any 
successor divisions, or such directors' designees. We will not hold 
you responsible for acting pursuant to any instruction from the CFTC 
upon which you have relied after having taken reasonable measures to 
assure that such instruction was provided to you by the director of 
the Division of Clearing and Risk of the CFTC, or any successor 
division, or such director's designee. You further acknowledge that 
you will provide to the CFTC a copy of this fully executed 
acknowledgment (via electronic mail to 
acknowledgmentletters@cftc.gov).
    In the event we become subject to either a voluntary or 
involuntary petition for relief under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, we 
acknowledge that you will have no obligation to release the Shares 
held in the Account(s), except upon instruction of the Trustee in 
Bankruptcy or pursuant to the Order of the respective U.S. 
Bankruptcy Court.
    Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing to the contrary, 
nothing contained herein shall be construed as limiting your right 
to assert any right of set off against or lien on assets other than 
assets maintained in the Account(s), nor to impose such charges 
against us or any proprietary account maintained by us with you. 
Further, it is understood that amounts represented by checks, drafts 
or other items shall not be considered to be part of the Account(s) 
until finally collected. Accordingly, checks, drafts and other items 
credited to the Account(s) and subsequently dishonored or otherwise 
returned to you, or reversed, for any reason and any claims relating 
thereto, including but not limited to claims of alteration or 
forgery, may be charged back to the Account(s), and we shall be 
responsible to you as a general endorser of all such items whether 
or not actually so endorsed.
    You may conclusively presume that any withdrawal from the 
Account(s) and the balances maintained therein are in conformity 
with the Act and CFTC regulations without any further inquiry, 
provided that you have no notice of or actual knowledge of, or could 
not reasonably know of, a violation of the Act or other provision of 
law by us; and you shall not in any manner not expressly agreed to 
herein be responsible for ensuring compliance by us with the 
provisions of the Act and CFTC regulations.
    You may, and are hereby authorized to, obey the order, judgment, 
decree or levy of any court of competent jurisdiction or any 
governmental agency with jurisdiction, which order, judgment, decree 
or levy relates in whole or in part to the Account(s). In any event, 
you shall not be liable by reason of any such action or omission to 
act, to us or to any other person, firm, association or corporation 
even if thereafter any such order, decree, judgment or levy shall be 
reversed, modified, set aside or vacated.
    We are permitted to invest our Commodity Customers' funds in 
money market mutual funds pursuant to CFTC Regulation 1.25. That 
rule sets forth the following conditions, among others, with respect 
to any investment in a money market mutual fund:
    (1) The net asset value of the fund must be computed by 9:00 
a.m. of the business day following each business day and be made 
available to us by that time;
    (2) The fund must be legally obligated to redeem an interest in 
the fund and make payment in satisfaction thereof by the close of 
the business day following the day on which we make a redemption 
request except as otherwise specified in CFTC Regulation 
1.25(c)(5)(ii); and
    (3) The agreement under which we invest our Commodity Customers' 
funds must not contain any provision that would prevent us from 
pledging or transferring fund shares. The terms of this letter 
agreement shall remain binding upon the parties, their successors 
and assigns, including for the avoidance of doubt, regardless of the 
change in name of any party. This letter agreement supersedes and 
replaces any prior agreement between the parties in connection with 
the Account(s), including but not limited to any prior 
acknowledgment letter, to the extent that such prior agreement is 
inconsistent with the terms hereof. In the event of any conflict 
between this letter agreement and any other agreement between the 
parties in connection with the Account(s), this letter agreement 
shall govern with respect to matters specific to Section 4d of the 
Act and the CFTC's regulations, as amended.
    This letter agreement shall be governed by and construed in 
accordance with the laws of [Insert governing law] without regard to 
the principles of choice of law.
    Please acknowledge that you agree to abide by the requirements 
and conditions set forth above by signing and returning the enclosed 
copy of this letter. You further acknowledge and agree to provide a 
copy of this fully executed letter directly to the CFTC and our 
designated self-regulatory organization.
    [Name of Futures Commission Merchant or Derivatives Clearing 
Organization]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    ACKNOWLEDGED AND AGREED:
    [Name of Money Market Mutual Fund]
    By:
    Print Name:
    Title:
    Contact Information: [Insert phone number and email address]
    DATE:

PART 140--ORGANIZATION, FUNCTIONS, AND PROCEDURES OF THE COMMISSION

    28. The authority citation for part 140 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority:  7 U.S.C. 2 and 12a.

    29. In Sec.  140.91, redesignate paragraph (a)(8) as paragraph 
(a)(12) and paragraph (a)(7) as paragraph (a)(8), add new paragraphs 
(a)(7), (a)(9), (a)(10), and (a)(11), and revise paragraph (b) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  140.91  Delegation of authority to the Director of the Division 
of Clearing and Risk and to the Director of the Division of Swap Dealer 
and Intermediary Oversight.

    (a) * * *
    (7) All functions reserved to the Commission in Sec.  1.20 of this 
chapter.
* * * * *
    (9) All functions reserved to the Commission in Sec.  1.26 of this 
chapter.
    (10) All functions reserved to the Commission in Sec.  1.52 of this 
chapter.
    (11) All functions reserved to the Commission in Sec.  30.7 of this 
chapter.
* * * * *
    (b) The Director of the Division of Clearing and Risk and the 
Director of the Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight may 
submit any matter which has been delegated to him or her under 
paragraph (a) of this section to the Commission for its consideration.
* * * * *
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BILLING CODE C

    Issued in Washington, DC, on October 23, 2012 by the Commission.
Stacy Yochum,
Counsel.

Appendices to Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer 
Funds Held by Futures Commission Merchants and Derivatives Clearing 
Organizations--Commission Voting Summary and Statements of 
Commissioners

    Note:  The following appendices will not appear in the Code of 
Federal Regulations.

Appendix 1--Commission Voting Summary

    On this matter, Chairman Gensler and Commissioners Sommers, 
Chilton, O'Malia and Wetjen voted in the affirmative; no 
Commissioner voted in the negative.

Appendix 2-- Statement of Chairman Gary Gensler

    I support the proposed rules to enhance the protections afforded 
customers that participate in the futures and swaps markets, 
including the protection of customer funds held by futures 
commission merchants (FCMs) and derivatives clearing organizations.
    The CFTC's mission is to ensure the integrity of the futures and 
swaps markets. As part of this, we must do everything within our 
authorities and resources to strengthen oversight programs and the 
protection of customers and their funds. And that's the goal of this 
proposal. It's about ensuring customers have confidence that the 
funds they post as margin or collateral are fully segregated and 
protected.
    CFTC Commissioners and staff have reached out broadly on ways to 
enhance customer protections. We hosted two roundtables this year on 
issues ranging from the segregation of customer funds to examining 
the CFTC's oversight of self-regulatory organizations (SROs).
    In July, the CFTC approved a National Futures Association (NFA) 
proposal that stemmed from a coordinated effort by the CFTC, the 
SROs, other financial regulators, and market participants, including 
from the CFTC's roundtable earlier this year.
    This customer protection proposal incorporates these NFA rules 
into the Commission's regulations so that the CFTC

[[Page 67970]]

can directly enforce these important rules. Under this proposal, 
FCMs would be required to:
     Hold sufficient funds in Part 30 secured accounts 
(funds held for U.S. foreign futures and options customers trading 
on foreign contract markets) to meet their total obligations to 
customers trading on foreign markets computed under the net 
liquidating equity method. FCMs would no longer be allowed to use 
the alternative method, which had allowed them to hold a lower 
amount of funds representing the margin on their foreign futures;
     Maintain written policies and procedures governing the 
maintenance of excess funds in customer segregated and Part 30 
secured accounts. Withdrawals of 25 percent or more would 
necessitate pre-approval in writing by senior management and must be 
reported to the designated SRO and the CFTC; and
     Make additional reports available to the SRO and the 
CFTC, including daily computations of segregated and Part 30 secured 
amounts.
    Beyond the NFA rules, additional reforms in this proposal 
benefited from the CFTC's broad outreach and consultation with the 
SROs and market participants, as well as substantial feedback from 
CFTC Commissioners. They include:
     First, bringing the regulators' view of customer 
accounts into the 21st century by giving the SROs and the CFTC 
direct electronic access to FCMs' bank and custodial accounts for 
customer funds, without asking the FCMs' permission. Further, 
acknowledgement letters and confirmation letters must come directly 
to regulators from banks and custodians.
     Second, increasing disclosures to customers regarding 
the risks associated with futures trading and using FCMs to invest 
their funds. Futures customers, if they wish, should have access to 
information about how their assets are held, similar to that which 
is available to mutual fund and securities customers. FCMs would be 
required to provide current and potential customers with specific 
information about the FCM's risks.
     Third, enhancing controls at FCMs regarding how 
customer accounts are handled, including policies and procedures on 
supervision and risk management of customer funds.
     Fourth, setting standards for the SROs' examinations 
and the annual certified financial statement audits, including 
raising minimum standards for independent public accountants who 
audit FCMs.
     Fifth, requiring FCMs to ensure they back up segregated 
customer accounts with funds to cover potential margin deficits.
     Sixth, implementing a more effective early warning 
system for the Commission and the SROs that alerts them to certain 
problems, including a) when an FCM's funds are insufficient to meet 
the targeted residual interest in customer accounts b) when there is 
a material adverse impact to the FCM's creditworthiness and c) when 
there is a material change to the FCM's clearing or financial 
arrangements.
     And seventh, instituting a liquidity requirement for 
FCMs, in addition to the existing capital requirement, to better 
detect FCMs that have become distressed and may put customer funds 
at risk.
    Prior to this proposal, the Commission already made some 
important improvements to protections for customer funds. They 
include:
     The completed amendments to rule 1.25 regarding the 
investment of funds that bring customers back to protections they 
had prior to exemptions the Commission granted between 2000 and 
2005. Importantly, this prevents use of customer funds for in-house 
lending through repurchase agreements;
     Clearinghouses will have to collect margin on a gross 
basis and FCMs will no longer be able to offset one customer's 
collateral against another and then send only the net to the 
clearinghouse;
     The so-called ``LSOC rule'' (legal segregation with 
operational comingling) for swaps ensures customer money is 
protected individually all the way to the clearinghouse; and
     The Commission included customer protection 
enhancements in the final rule for designated contract markets. 
These provisions codify into rules staff guidance on minimum 
requirements for SROs regarding their financial surveillance of 
FCMs.
    It is crucial that the CFTC, working with SROs and market 
participants, continues its efforts to enhance protections for the 
funds of both futures and swaps customers. We look forward to 
reviewing the public input on this proposal.

Appendix 3--Statement of Commissioner Jill E. Sommers

    Today the Commission has proposed a new set of rules to, among 
other things, increase customer protections and disclosures, 
strengthen risk management programs, and enhance auditing and 
examination procedures for futures commission merchants (FCMs). In 
light of the recent events surrounding MF Global and Peregrine, I 
am, of course, supportive of such steps to the extent that they lead 
to greater customer protection and increased customer awareness of 
the risks associated with their futures and swaps accounts.
    As always, I am sensitive to the fact that some regulation, 
while well intended, may not further its stated goals or may be so 
burdensome that the benefits do not justify the costs. I encourage 
members of the public to comment, both to support the aspects of 
this proposed rule that take appropriate steps towards achieving the 
Commission's objectives and to highlight the areas of the proposal 
that they believe may be unnecessary or that could be accomplished 
through more efficient means. In particular, I welcome comment on 
the Commission's proposal requiring an FCM to maintain residual 
interest in segregated accounts in an amount that exceeds the sum of 
all futures customers' margin deficits. Additionally, it would be 
helpful to hear from self-regulatory organizations (SROs) regarding 
whether reviews by an examinations expert would assist the SROs in 
the application of their respective supervisory programs.
    I am hopeful that, with the help of thoughtful recommendations 
from market participants, the Commission will finalize an effective 
and streamlined rule improving protections for futures and swaps 
customers.

Appendix 4--Statement of Commissioner Scott O'Malia

    In response to the Peregrine and MF Global failures, the 
Commission has proposed a new set of rules to enhance the level of 
protection afforded customers of the futures markets. In particular, 
the proposal calls for FCMs to maintain adequate capital in their 
customer accounts to ensure customers are not bearing the credit 
risk of their fellow customers, implement controls around the risks 
specific to a particular FCM's business, increase the level of 
disclosures provided to customers, and create an independent 
segregation account balance verification system. While these 
measures are a good start, I believe that it is essential to focus 
on a comprehensive technological solution that goes beyond what the 
Commission has proposed in this release. Technology can be a cost 
effective oversight tool for both customers and the Commission to 
enhance transparency and improve risk management. Improving our 
capacity to monitor money flows can serve as a significant deterrent 
against fraudulent behavior.
    I encourage industry participants to voice their opinion as to 
how the proposals put forth today can be improved upon. 
Specifically, what technological solutions can be employed to 
facilitate the dissemination of information about FCMs to their 
customers so that they may ``know their FCM''? How can firms 
implement the new capital requirements in the most cost effective 
manner? What is the best method for an FCM to monitor its level of 
risk? I look forward to hearing from market participants on the most 
effective ways to implement the customer protection rules proposed 
by the Commission today.
    I would also like to highlight one of today's proposals that 
will require additional development in order to fulfill the goal of 
customer protection. Today's proposal calls for the creation of an 
electronic balance confirmation process that would allow the 
Commission and Self-Regulatory Organizations (``SROs'') to 
independently check the balance of each segregated account held on 
behalf of customers. While this can be used to aid in the 
surveillance of account balances, the Commission proposal only works 
on an individual basis and requires significant human involvement to 
log in and monitor individual accounts. What the industry needs is a 
fully automated system that allows the Commission and SROs to 
download the account balances for each segregated account held for a 
customer and compare that balance to the figures on record at each 
FCM. In response to the Peregrine and MF Global failures, industry 
participants discussed the implementation of such a system in July 
of this year during the Commission's Technology Advisory Committee 
(TAC) meeting. During the meeting, the TAC members present were 
virtually unanimous in their belief that an automated customer fund 
verification system was needed. Certain TAC members also made 
presentations discussing the technological

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hurdles that must be overcome in order to put such a system in 
place.
    On October 30th we will have another TAC meeting during which 
SROs will update us on the status of this system's implementation 
and their estimates for when it will be fully operational. Only when 
this system is up and running can customers of the futures industry 
feel secure that their investments are in safe hands and properly 
monitored by both the Commission and SROs. This is an issue of 
utmost importance and requires collaboration on the part of the 
Commission, SROs and each and every Commission registrant. The end 
result of this process will provide customers with the assurance 
they need to continue investing in the derivatives markets.
    I hope market participants will provide thoughtful 
recommendations to improve customer protections and deploy 
technology that is cost-effective to create and maintain. I also 
encourage market participants to provide specific data that the 
Commission can use to develop a robust cost benefit analysis.

[FR Doc. 2012-26435 Filed 11-13-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE P