[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 18 (Monday, January 28, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 5776-5777]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-01700]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

International Trade Administration


University of Colorado Boulder, et al.; Notice of Consolidated 
Decision on Applications for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    This is a decision pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, 
Scientific, and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-
651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80 Stat. 897; 15 CFR part 301). 
Related records can be viewed between 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. in Room 
3720, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th and Constitution Ave. NW., 
Washington, DC.
    Comments: None received. Decision: Approved. We know of no 
instruments of equivalent scientific value to the foreign instruments 
described below, for such purposes as each is intended to be used, that 
was being manufactured in the United States at the time of its order.
    Docket Number: 12-053. Applicant: University of Colorado Boulder, 
Denver, CO 80203. Instrument: HF2LI Lock-In System. Manufacturer: 
Zurich Instruments AG, Switzerland. Intended Use: See notice at 77 FR 
74647, December 17, 2012. Comments: None received. Decision: Approved. 
We know of no instruments of equivalent scientific value to the foreign 
instruments described below, for such purposes as this is intended to 
be used, that was being manufactured in the United States at the time 
of order. Reasons: The instrument will be used to measure detected 
near-field signals scattered off an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) tip 
in a scattering-Scanning Near-field Optical Microscope (s-SNOM). The 
instrument will detect the magnitude and phase of the light scattered 
by an AFM tip to measure the electromagnetic near-field of optical 
antennas, plasmonics in metals and semiconductors (including graphene), 
photonic crystals, and other nanoscale spectroscopy applications. The 
instrument has the ability to fully digitize the measured signal and 
analyze it at 50 MHz, as well as the ability to demodulate many 
frequencies at once, which is essential to the measurement technique. 
Demodulation at 50 MHz is necessary because the AFM tip oscillates at 
350-300 kHz, and higher harmonics (5th or 6th) of this oscillation must 
be measured to isolate the near-field signal.
    Docket Number: 12-054. Applicant: Purdue University, West 
Lafayette, IN 47909-2036. Instrument: DD Neutron Generator. 
Manufacturer: NSD Fusion, Germany. Intended Use: See notice at 77

[[Page 5777]]

FR 74647, December 17, 2012. Comments: None received. Decision: 
Approved. We know of no instruments of equivalent scientific value to 
the foreign instruments described below, for such purposes as this is 
intended to be used, that was being manufactured in the United States 
at the time of order. Reasons: The instrument will be used to determine 
the behavior of produced scintillation light and ionization electrons 
of low energy nuclear recoils of Xenon, as well as to compare the 
combination of energy released in these two channels to energy released 
in electronic recoils of the same energy. The scintillation and 
ionization signals are studied in a detector vessel that lies 
underneath 5 meters of water, thus the instrument needs to be water 
tight. To study the scintillation light and ionization behavior of 
liquid xenon to neutrons from a mono-energetic neutron source with 
energies close to 2.5 MeV, each neutron interaction must be resolved 
separately, and thus arrive at most once every millisecond. The 
instrument has been proven to show less than a few hundred counts per 
second when operated at low voltage, and thus meets this requirement.
    Docket Number: 12-057. Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139. Instrument: Fast Ferrite Tuner. 
Manufacturer: AFT Microwave GmbH, Germany. Intended Use: See notice at 
77 FR 74647, December 17, 2012. Comments: None received. Decision: 
Approved. We know of no instruments of equivalent scientific value to 
the foreign instruments described below, for such purposes as this is 
intended to be used, that was being manufactured in the United States 
at the time of order. Reasons: The instrument is part of a magnetic 
field-aligned Ion Cyclotron RF antenna, which is used to automatically 
follow the load variation in real time and make the antenna system load 
tolerant. The instrument's unique specifications are its frequency 
range of 50-80 MHz and 5 MW circulating power.
    Docket Number: 12-058. Applicant: Regents of the University of 
California, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720. 
Instrument: Neodymium Iron Boron (NdFeB) Magnetic Block-HXU Model 
(Vacodym 776). Manufacturer: Vacuumschemelze GmbH & Co., KG, Germany. 
Intended Use: See notice at 77 FR 76456, December 28, 2012. Comments: 
None received. Decision: Approved. We know of no instruments of 
equivalent scientific value to the foreign instruments described below, 
for such purposes as this is intended to be used, that was being 
manufactured in the United States at the time of order. Reasons: The 
instrument will be used to study matter on the fundamental atomic 
length scale and the associated ultrafast time scales of atomic motion 
and electronic transformation. The NdFeB magnet blocks must be of high 
magnetic field density to achieve the base spectral range. They must 
also be of high uniformity in order to achieve Free-Electron Laser 
(FEL) saturation. In addition to meeting these requirements, the unique 
capabilities of this instrument are expanded spectral reach, x-ray 
beams with controllable polarization, and ``pump'' pulses over a vastly 
extended range of photon energies to a sample, which are synchronized 
to the Linac Coherent Light Source II project's ray probe pulses with 
controllable inter-pulse time delay.
    Docket Number: 12-063. Applicant: University of Pittsburgh, 
Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Instrument: Dilution Refrigerator with 9/2/2T 
Vector Superconducting Magnet. Manufacturer: Leiden Cryogenics, the 
Netherlands. Intended Use: See notice at 77 FR 76456-57, December 28, 
2012. Comments: None received. Decision: Approved. We know of no 
instruments of equivalent scientific value to the foreign instruments 
described below, for such purposes as this is intended to be used, that 
was being manufactured in the United States at the time of order. 
Reasons: The instrument will be used, in conjunction with the 
instrument imported under docket 12-065, to develop ways for preserving 
quantum information in a way that is immune to a wide variety of 
decoherence mechanisms, to program fundamental couplings at near-atomic 
scales, for the quantum simulation of ``metasuperconductors,'' and to 
develop new mechanisms for the transfer of quantum information between 
long-lived localized states and delocalized states. The samples to be 
studied are a thin layer of LaAIO3 (LAO), grown on 
SrTiO3, which undergoes a metal to insulator transition when 
the LAO thickness is greater than 3 unit cells. The unique features of 
this instrument are the ability to cool samples to T<50 mK using 
cryogen-free cooling where possible, an integral cryogen-free 3 axis 
vector magnet (>5/1/1 T), an integral large field magnet (>18T), the 
ability to rotate the orientation in a large field, and scanning probe 
microscopy capability at base temperature (T<50mK). These features 
enable the sample to be cooled below the superconducting transition 
temperature (Tc~200mK), to be rotated in any orientation relative to 
the magnetic fields, allow the investigation of the large spin-orbit 
field present in the samples (Bso~15T), and on nanometer size scales 
gate, modify and probe nanowire devices and quantum dot arrays.
    Docket Number: 12-065. Applicant: University of Pittsburgh, 
Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Instrument: Motorized Two Axis Sample Rotator for 
Dilution Refrigerator. Manufacturer: Attocube Systems, Germany. 
Intended Use: See notice at 77 FR 76456-57, December 28, 2012. 
Comments: None received. Decision: Approved. We know of no instruments 
of equivalent scientific value to the foreign instruments described 
below, for such purposes as this is intended to be used, that was being 
manufactured in the United States at the time of order. Reasons: The 
instrument will be used, in conjunction with the instrument imported 
under docket 12-063, to develop ways for preserving quantum information 
in a way that is immune to a wide variety of decoherence mechanisms, to 
program fundamental couplings at near-atomic scales, for the quantum 
simulation of ``metasuperconductors,'' and to develop new mechanisms 
for the transfer of quantum information between long-lived localized 
states and delocalized states. The samples to be studied are a thin 
layer of LaAIO3 (LAO), grown on SrTiO3, which 
undergoes a metal to insulator transition when the LAO thickness is 
greater than 3 unit cells. The unique features of this instrument are 
the ability to cool samples to T<50 mK using cryogen-free cooling where 
possible, an integral cryogen-free 3 axis vector magnet (>5/1/1 T), an 
integral large field magnet (>18T), the ability to rotate the 
orientation in a large field, and scanning probe microscopy capability 
at base temperature (T<50mK). These features enable the sample to be 
cooled below the superconducting transition temperature (Tc~200mK), to 
be rotated in any orientation relative to the magnetic fields, allow 
the investigation of the large spin-orbit field present in the samples 
(Bso~15T), and on nanometer size scales gate, modify and probe nanowire 
devices and quantum dot arrays.

     Dated: January 22, 2013.
Gregory W. Campbell,
Director, Subsidies Enforcement Office, Import Administration.
[FR Doc. 2013-01700 Filed 1-25-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P