[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 130 (Monday, July 8, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 40891-40919]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-16238]



[[Page 40891]]

Vol. 78

Monday,

No. 130

July 8, 2013

Part III





Department of Commerce





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Bureau of Industry and Security





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15 CFR Parts 740, 742, 770, et al.





Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations: Military Vehicles; 
Vessels of War; Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic Equipment; Related 
Items; and Auxiliary and Miscellaneous Items That the President 
Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions 
List; Final Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 130 / Monday, July 8, 2013 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 40892]]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Bureau of Industry and Security

15 CFR Parts 740, 742, 770, 772 and 774

[Docket No. 110928603-3298-01]
RIN 0694-AF39


Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations: Military 
Vehicles; Vessels of War; Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic Equipment; 
Related Items; and Auxiliary and Miscellaneous Items That the President 
Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions 
List

AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This rule adds to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) 
controls on military vehicles and related items; vessels of war and 
related items; submersible vessels, oceanographic equipment and related 
items; and auxiliary and miscellaneous items that the President has 
determined no longer warrant control on the United States Munitions 
List (USML). This rule also adds to the EAR controls on items within 
the scope of the Munitions List (WAML) of the Wassenaar Arrangement on 
Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and 
Technologies (Wassenaar Arrangement) that are not specifically 
identified on the USML or the Commerce Control List (CCL) but that were 
subject to USML jurisdiction. Finally, this rule moves certain items 
that were already subject to the EAR to the new Export Control 
Classification Numbers (ECCNs) created by this rule. This rule is being 
published in conjunction with the publication of a Department of State, 
Directorate of Defense Trade Controls rule revising USML Categories 
VII, VI, XX, and XIII to control those articles the President has 
determined warrant control in those Categories of the USML. Both rules 
are part of the President's Export Control Reform Initiative. The 
revisions in this final rule are also part of Commerce's retrospective 
regulatory review plan under Executive Order (EO) 13563.

DATES: This rule is effective January 6, 2014.

ADDRESSES: Commerce's full plan can be accessed at: http://open.commerce.gov/news/2011/08/23/commerce-plan-retrospective-analysis-existing-rules.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For questions regarding ground 
vehicles and related items controlled under ECCNs 0Y606, contact Gene 
Christiansen, Office of National Security and Technology Transfer 
Controls, at 202-482-2984 or gene.christiansen@bis.doc.gov.
    For questions regarding surface vessels and related items 
controlled under ECCNs 8Y609 or submersible vessels and related items 
controlled under ECCNs 8Y620, contact Alexander Lopes, Office of 
Nonproliferation and Treaty Compliance, at 202-482-4875 or 
alexander.lopes@bis.doc.gov.
    For questions regarding miscellaneous equipment, materials, and 
related items controlled under ECCNs 0Y617, contact Michael Rithmire, 
Office of National Security and Technology Transfer Controls, at 202-
482-6105 or michael.rithmire@bis.doc.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    This final rule is published by the Bureau of Industry and Security 
(BIS) as part of the Administration's Export Control Reform (ECR) 
Initiative. President Obama directed the Administration in August 2009 
to conduct a broad-based review of the U.S. export control system to 
identify additional ways to enhance national security. In April 2010, 
then-Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates, describing the initial 
results of that effort, explained that fundamental reform of the U.S. 
export control system is necessary to enhance our national security. 
The implementation of ECR includes amendment of the International 
Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and its U.S. Munitions List (USML), 
so that they control only those items that provide the United States 
with a critical military or intelligence advantage or otherwise warrant 
such controls, and amendment of the Export Administration Regulations 
(EAR) to control military items that do not warrant USML controls. This 
series of amendments to the ITAR and the EAR will reform the U.S. 
export control system to enhance our national security by: (i) 
Improving the interoperability of U.S. military forces with allied 
countries; (ii) strengthening the U.S. industrial base by, among other 
things, reducing incentives for foreign manufacturers to design out and 
avoid U.S.-origin content and services; and (iii) allowing export 
control officials to focus government resources on transactions that 
pose greater national security, foreign policy, or proliferation 
concerns than those involving our NATO allies and other multi-regime 
partners.
    On July 15, 2011, as part of the ECR, BIS published a proposed rule 
(76 FR 41958) that set forth a framework for how articles the President 
determines, in accordance with section 38(f) of the Arms Export Control 
Act (AECA), would no longer warrant control on the USML would be 
controlled on the EAR's Commerce Control List (CCL) (herein ``the July 
15 (framework) rule'').
    On April 16, 2013, BIS published a final rule setting forth the 
framework for adding to the CCL items that the President has determined 
no longer warrant control on the USML through the creation of ``600 
series'' Export Control Classification Numbers (ECCNs) (78 FR 22660, 
April, 16, 2013 (herein the ``April 16 (initial implementation) 
rule''). That structure is described at 78 FR 22662 and is not repeated 
here. This rule generally follows that structure in creating new ``600 
series'' ECCNs to control certain military vehicles and related items; 
vessels of war and related items; submersible vessels, oceanographic 
equipment and related items; and auxiliary and miscellaneous items on 
the CCL. Pursuant to a rule published concurrently with this rule by 
the Department of State, the items are being removed from the USML 
because the President has determined they no longer warrant control on 
the USML.
    The changes described in this rule and the State Department's rule 
amending Categories VI, VII, XIII, and XX of the USML are based on a 
review of those categories by the Defense Department, which worked with 
the Departments of State and Commerce in preparing the amendments. The 
review was focused on identifying the types of articles that are now 
controlled by the USML that either (i) are inherently military and 
otherwise warrant control on the USML, or (ii) if of a type common to 
civil applications, possess parameters or characteristics that provide 
a critical military or intelligence advantage to the United States and 
that are almost exclusively available from the United States. If an 
article was found to satisfy either or both of those criteria, the 
article remains on the USML. If an article was found not to satisfy 
either criterion, but is nonetheless a type of article that is, as a 
result of differences in form and fit, ``specially designed'' for 
military applications, then it is identified in one of the new ``600 
series'' ECCNs created by this rule.
    Section 38(f) of the AECA (22 U.S.C. 2778(f)) obligates the 
President to review the USML ``to determine what items, if any, no 
longer warrant export controls under'' the AECA. The President must 
report the results of the review to Congress and wait 30 days before 
removing any such items from the USML. The report must ``describe

[[Page 40893]]

the nature of any controls to be imposed on that item under any other 
provision of law.'' 22 U.S.C. 2778(f)(1). The Department of State made 
the congressional notification required by Section 38(f) of the AECA 
for removal of these items from the USML.
    All references to the USML in this rule are to the list of defense 
articles that are controlled for purposes of export, temporary import, 
or brokering pursuant to the ITAR, and not to the list of defense 
articles on the United States Munitions Import List (USMIL) that are 
controlled by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives 
(ATF) for purposes of permanent import under its regulations at 27 CFR 
part 447. Pursuant to section 38(a)(1) of the AECA, all defense 
articles controlled for export or import, or that are subject to 
brokering controls, are part of the ``USML'' under the AECA. For the 
sake of clarity, references to the USMIL are to the list of defense 
articles controlled by ATF for purposes of permanent import. All 
defense articles described in the USMIL or the USML are subject to the 
brokering controls administered by the U.S. Department of State in part 
129 of the ITAR. The transfer of defense articles from the ITAR's USML 
to the EAR's CCL, for purposes of export controls, does not affect the 
list of defense articles controlled on the USMIL under the AECA for 
purposes of permanent import or brokering controls.
    On January 18, 2011, President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 
(EO) 13563, affirming general principles of regulation and directing 
government agencies to conduct retrospective reviews of existing 
regulations. The revisions in this final rule are part of Commerce's 
retrospective regulatory review plan under EO 13563. Commerce's full 
plan, completed in August 2011, can be accessed at:  http://open.commerce.gov/news/2011/08/23/commerce-plan-retrospective-analysis-existing-rules.
    Although the Export Administration Act expired on August 20, 2001, 
the President, through Executive Order 13222 of August 17, 2001, 3 CFR, 
2001 Comp., p. 783 (2002), as amended by Executive Order 13637 of March 
8, 2013, 78 FR 16129 (March 13, 2013), and as extended by the Notice of 
August 15, 2012, 77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012), has continued the 
Export Administration Regulations in effect under the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act. BIS continues to carry out the 
provisions of the Act, as appropriate and to the extent permitted by 
law, pursuant to Executive Order 13222.

Proposed Rules

    This rule implements amendments to the EAR proposed in the 
following four rules:
     Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): 
Control of Military Vehicles and Related Items That the President 
Determines No Longer Warrant Control on the United States Munitions 
List, (76 FR 76085, December 6, 2011) (herein ``the December 6 
(vehicles) rule'');
     Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): 
Control of Vessels of War and Related Articles the President Determines 
No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List 
(USML), (76 FR 80282, December 23, 2011) (herein ``the December 23 
(vessels) rule'');
     Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): 
Control of Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic Equipment and Related 
Articles That the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under 
the United States Munitions List (USML) (76 FR 80291, December 23, 
2011) (herein ``the December 23 (submersible vessels) rule''); and
     Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations: 
Auxiliary and Miscellaneous Items That No Longer Warrant Control Under 
the United States Munitions List and Items on the Wassenaar Arrangement 
Munitions List (77 FR 29564, May 18, 2012) (herein ``the May 18 
(auxiliary equipment) rule'').
    This rule creates new ``600 series'' ECCNs to control certain 
military vehicles and related items; vessels of war and related items; 
submersible vessels, oceanographic equipment and related items; and 
auxiliary and miscellaneous items on the CCL. Descriptions of these 
ECCNs, issues raised in public comments on the rules proposing them, 
and BIS responses to those comments are addressed in discrete sections 
below. However, certain changes made by this rule apply more broadly: 
License Exception STA eligibility; notes on forgings and castings; the 
United Nations reason for control; removal of the .y.99 paragraph; 
separate definitions for ``accessories'' and ``attachments;'' and the 
composition of the entries for software and technology.

Broadly Applicable Changes Made by This Rule

Amendments to Section 740.20 (License Exception STA)

    This final rule amends the License Exception STA provisions in 
Sec.  740.20(b)(3)(iii) and (g)(1) of the EAR to indicate that the 
restrictions applicable to certain ``600 series'' ECCN ``end items'' 
also apply to ``end items'' controlled under ECCNs 0A606.a, 8A609.a, 
and 8A620.a or .b. These ``600 series'' ECCNs are being added to the 
CCL as part of this final rule. The April 16 (initial implementation) 
rule identified only those end items controlled by ECCN 9A610.a, 
because ECCNs 0A606, 8A609 and 8A620 would not be added to the CCL 
until publication of this rule.

Cross References to ECCN 0A919

    This final rule adds to the ``related controls'' paragraph of 
Product Groups A, B, C, and D of the ``600 series'' ECCNs the following 
sentence: ``(2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military 
commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-
origin ``600 series'' controlled content.'' This is a non-substantive 
change from what was proposed.

Forgings and Castings

    The December 6 (vehicles) rule included a note to ECCN 0A606.x, 
which stated that: ``Forgings, castings, and other unfinished products, 
such as extrusions and machined bodies, that have reached a stage in 
manufacture where they are clearly identifiable by material 
composition, geometry, or function as commodities controlled by ECCN 
0A606.x are controlled by ECCN 0A606.x.'' The December 23 (vessels) 
rule proposed such a note to ECCN 8A609.x, and the December 23 
(submersible vessels) rule proposed such a note to ECCN 8A620.x.
    This final rule adds the phrase ``mechanical properties'' to those 
notes because there may be circumstances when the mechanical 
properties, as well as the material composition, geometry or function, 
of a forging, casting, or unfinished product, may have been altered 
specifically for a 0A606.x, 8A609.x, or 8A620.x part or component. The 
omission of ``mechanical properties'' from the lists in the proposed 
rules was an error that is being corrected in this rule.

United Nations (UN) Reason for Control

    The July 15 (framework) rule proposed applying a United Nations 
(UN) reason for control to military vehicles and related items. The 
December 6 (vehicles) rule proposed removing the UN reason for control 
that had been proposed by the July 15 (framework) rule. None of the 
other ``600 series'' ECCNs created by this rule contained items that 
would have been subject to a UN reason for control when

[[Page 40894]]

they were proposed. Consistent with the April 16 (initial 
implementation) rule, this final rule includes the UN controls 
described in Sec.  746.1(b) of the EAR in the ECCNs that it creates. 
These controls are consistent with the amendments contained in a final 
rule that BIS published on July 23, 2012 (77 FR 42973), titled ``Export 
and Reexport Controls to Rwanda and United Nations Sanctions under the 
Export Administration Regulations.'' That rule amended Sec.  746.1 of 
the EAR to describe the licensing policy that applies to countries 
subject to a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) arms embargo and to 
limit the use of license exceptions to such countries. Applying that 
licensing policy and related license exception restrictions to the new 
``600 series'' ECCNs that are created by this final rule is appropriate 
because of the military nature of the items controlled under these new 
ECCNs.

Paragraph .y.99

    The proposed rules would have created a paragraph .y.99 in each of 
the new ``600 series'' ECCNs. Those paragraphs would have imposed the 
antiterrorism (AT Column 1) reason for control to items that would 
otherwise be controlled in that ECCN but that had been determined to be 
subject to the EAR in a commodity jurisdiction determination issued by 
the Department of State and that are not elsewhere identified on the 
CCL (i.e., were designated as EAR99). Applying the AT Column 1 reason 
for control would increase the number of circumstances under which 
these items would require a license. As stated in the preamble to the 
April 16 (initial implementation) rule (See 78 FR 2266, April 16, 
2013), BIS agreed with a commenter that the burden of tracking down and 
analyzing whether items formally determined not to be subject to the 
ITAR that were also EAR99 items because they were not identified on the 
CCL outweighs the once-contemplated organizational benefits of creating 
the .y.99 control. Such items have already gone through an interagency 
review process that concluded whether the items were subject to the 
ITAR. Thus, BIS has determined that any such items should retain EAR99 
status if not otherwise identified on the CCL. Accordingly, this final 
rule does not contain any .y.99 paragraphs.

Accessories and Attachments

    The proposed rules would have enclosed the phrase ``accessories and 
attachments'' in quotation marks through its regulatory text, in 
keeping with the July 15 (framework) rule, which proposed a single 
definition for that phrase. Subsequently, BIS published a proposed rule 
entitled ```Specially Designed' Definition'' (77 FR 36409, June 19, 
2012), which proposed, inter alia, creating separate, but identical 
definitions for ``accessories'' and for ``attachments'' to allow for 
instances when only one of the terms would be used. The April 16 
(initial implementation) rule adopted that change as a final rule. 
Accordingly, this final rule identifies ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' as separate terms wherever they appear in the 
regulatory text.

Conforming Change Regarding Gas Turbine Engines

    In the April 16 (initial implementation) rule, BIS created, inter 
alia, ECCN 9A619 military gas turbine engines and related commodities 
(See 78 FR 22731, April 16, 2013). ECCN 9A619, as it appeared in that 
rule, applied to gas turbine engines that are not enumerated on the 
USML, but are ``specially designed'' for ``end-items'' in USML Category 
VIII or ECCN 9A610, both of which apply to aircraft. Consistent with 
the proposed changes in the December 6 (gas turbine engine) rule, this 
rule expands the scope of ECCN 9A619 to apply to gas turbine engines 
that are not on the USML, but are for military vehicles (USML Category 
VII and ECCN 0A606) and surface vessels (USML Category VI and ECCN 
8A609). The President has determined these items no longer warrant 
control on the USML.

Consistency of Controls

    This final rule diverges in certain instances from the four 
proposed rules on which it was based with respect to the composition of 
the ECCNs. Software and technology ECCNs related to end items, 
production or other equipment, or materials generally control software 
and technology for the development and production of those items, and 
for some combination of the following six elements: operation, 
installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of those 
items. Separate technical teams determined the scope of control for 
different groups of ECCNs. As a result, different software and 
technology entries varied in the number and type of functions 
controlled.
    Although this variation was not inappropriate technically and did 
not receive public comments when proposed in four separate rules, BIS 
is concerned that retaining this variation would complicate compliance. 
Standard text across ECCNs is a simpler approach. Therefore, each 
software ECCN in this final rule will control software for development, 
production, operation, or maintenance of the relevant items. Each new 
``600 series'' technology ECCN in this final rule will control 
technology for development, production, operation, installation, 
maintenance, repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of those items. To the 
extent that a particular function does not apply to a particular item 
because no software or technology to perform the function with respect 
to that item exists, no burden is imposed. Controlling a larger number 
of functions in technology ECCNs is not an increase in burden because 
all six functions are now controlled for technology on the USML.
    Similarly, all production equipment ECCNs will control test, 
inspection, and production equipment for the development, production, 
repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of the relevant items.

Military Vehicles and Related Items

Background

    The controls on military vehicles and related items in this final 
rule are based on the proposals for controlling those items set forth 
in the July 15 (framework) rule and refined in the December 6 
(vehicles) rule and on a review of the public comments thereon by the 
Departments of Defense, State and Commerce.
    This rule generally follows the structure established in the April 
16 (initial implementation) rule in creating five new ``600 series'' 
ECCNs to control military ground vehicles and related items. However, 
this rule departs from that structure in ECCN 0A606.b. That paragraph 
retains national security (NS Column 2) and regional stability (RS 
Column 2) controls on the unarmed armored vehicles that upon the 
effective date of this rule will be controlled under ECCN 0A606.b 
instead of ECCN 9A018.b. Otherwise, this rule applies the national 
security (NS Column 1) and regional stability (RS Column 1) reasons for 
control that apply generally to ``600 series'' items that are subject 
to the national security and regional stability reasons for control. 
The December 6 (vehicles) rule proposed these reasons for control, and 
BIS received no comments on that aspect of the December 6 (vehicles) 
proposed rule. As a conforming change, this rule revises the RS column 
2 license requirement paragraph in Sec.  742.6(a)(4)(i) to reference 
the column rather than to list specific ECCNs, as was done for the RS 
column 1 license requirement paragraph in the April 16 (initial 
implementation) rule.

[[Page 40895]]

The change to Sec.  742.6(a)(4)(i) is in format only; it does not alter 
the license requirements for any item that is subject to the RS Column 
2 reason for control.

Changes to Controls on Military Vehicles and Related Items Made by This 
Rule

    This rule implements the proposals of the July 15 (framework) rule 
and the December 6 (vehicles) rule by creating five new ECCNs. New ECCN 
0A606 applies to military ground vehicles, parts, components, 
accessories and attachments. New ECCN 0B606 applies to related test, 
inspection and production equipment and parts and components. New ECCN 
0C606 applies to related materials. New ECCN 0D606 applies to related 
software. New ECCN 0E606 applies to related technology.
    This rule revises ECCN 9A018 only to cross reference ECCNs 9A610 
(aircraft), 9A619 (gas turbine engines) and 0A606 (vehicles) because 
upon the effective date of this rule, all the commodities previously in 
ECCN 9A018 will have been moved to one of those other three ECCNs. This 
rule also revises ECCN 9D018 to contain only cross references to ECCNs 
9D610 and 9D619 and to EAR99 and revises ECCN 9E610 to contain only 
cross references to 9E610, 9E619 and EAR99 because upon the effective 
date of this rule, all of the software and technology will have been 
moved to one of those ECCNs or will be EAR99.
    This rule also removes ``Interpretation 8'' from Sec.  770.2 of the 
EAR (15 CFR 770.2(h)). That interpretation, which explains the 
relationship between EAR and the ITAR with respect to ground vehicles, 
is no longer necessary because that relationship is expressly 
delineated in ECCN 0A606 (as published by this rule) and in USML 
Category VII in a Department of State rule that is being published 
simultaneously with the rule.

Changes Compared to the Proposed December 6 (Vehicles) Rule

    The December 6 (vehicles) rule proposed including in ECCN 0A606.b 
certain all-wheel drive vehicles with armor that meet National 
Institute of Justice Level III standards. Such vehicles currently are 
controlled in ECCN 9A018.b and listed in the Wassenaar Arrangement 
Munitions List (WAML) category ML6. To reflect changes agreed to at the 
Wassenaar 2012 plenary meeting and subsequently implemented in ECCN 
9A018.b, this rule makes three substantive changes to the descriptions 
of those vehicles in ECCN 0A606.b compared to the text of ECCN 0A606.b 
in the December 6 (vehicles) rule. One change broadens the coverage of 
paragraph .b to apply to vehicles with transmissions that supply drive 
to the front and rear wheels simultaneously even if the vehicle has 
other wheels that may or may not provide driving force. The proposed 
wording was ``all-wheel drive.'' The second change limits the scope of 
the paragraph to vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating greater 
than 4,500 kilograms. The third change replaces the term ``capable of 
off road use'' with the term ``designed or modified for off road use.'' 
In this final rule, ECCN 0A606.b also adopts the WAML category ML6 
format in describing these vehicles, a non-substantive change from the 
December 6 (vehicles) rule.
    This final rule also includes an illustrative list of 
characteristics that make a vehicle designed for military use in Note 2 
to paragraph .a in ECCN 0A606. This note is based on note 2 to the WAML 
category ML6. Prior to the effective date of this rule the contents of 
the note were in an interpretation found in Sec.  770.2(h) of the EAR. 
Because this rule removes Sec.  770.2(h) from the EAR, inclusion of the 
note in ECCN 0A606 is appropriate.
    Following the pattern of many of the ECCNs that control 
commodities, ECCN 0A606 contains a paragraph .x, which applies to 
unspecified parts, components, accessories and attachments that are 
specially designed for a specified set of end items, and a paragraph 
.y, which applies to specified parts, components, accessories and 
attachments that are ``specially designed'' for items described in that 
ECCN or the corresponding USML Category. To lessen the chances that 
readers will mistakenly classify items specified in paragraph .y under 
paragraph .x, which requires a license to more destinations than does 
paragraph .y, this final rule adds wording to paragraph .x specifically 
excluding items specified under paragraph .y. This is not a substantive 
change to what was proposed.
    ECCN 0A606.y identifies specific ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' that are ``specially designed'' for 
commodities enumerated in 0A606 (other than paragraph .b) or for 
defense articles enumerated in USML Category VII and are not elsewhere 
specified on the USML or CCL. Among the parts so identified in the 
December 6 (vehicles) rule (0A606.y.1), were ``brake system 
components,'' which were then further described by an illustrative list 
reading ``e.g., discs, rotors, shoes, drums, springs, cylinders, lines, 
and hoses.'' Subsequent events have made it necessary for BIS to revise 
paragraph .y.1 from what was proposed. First, the April 16 (initial 
implementation) rule adopted a definition of specially designed that 
expressly excludes ``springs'' from that term, effectively treating all 
springs as not being specially designed parts, components, accessories 
or attachments for purposes of 0A606.x and .y. That rule also adopted 
separate definitions of the terms ``parts'' and ``components.'' Some of 
the examples in the illustrative list, such as discs and drums, would 
be defined as parts rather than components. Finally, upon review of the 
public comment that proposed adding electronic braking systems to 
paragraph .y.1 (discussed below), BIS concluded that paragraph .y.1 
needed additional precision. Therefore, this final rule makes paragraph 
.y.1 an exclusive list that reads: ``Brake discs, rotors, drums, 
calipers, cylinders, pads, shoes, lines, hoses, vacuum boosters, and 
parts therefor.'' The term ``parts therefor'' means parts of any of the 
ten individual articles enumerated in paragraph .y.1.
    ECCN 0C606 applies to materials ``specially designed'' for military 
vehicles, ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' or ``attachments'' 
controlled by ECCN 0A606. The December 6 (vehicles) rule included 
wording in the header and in ``Note 1'' in ECCN 0C606 that would have 
limited the scope of materials controlled by ECCN 0C606 to materials 
not controlled by other ECCNs. The effect of that wording would have 
been to make materials that are specifically mentioned in a non-``600 
series'' ECCN controlled by that non-``600 series'' ECCN even if they 
are ``specially designed'' for a military vehicle, ``part,'' 
``component,'' ``accessory'' or ``attachment'' that is controlled by 
ECCN 0A606. In a rule published June 19, 2012 (77 FR 36409) (``the June 
19 (specially designed) rule''), BIS proposed guidance for reviewing 
the CCL to determine an item's classification. The April 16 (initial 
implementation) final rule adopted an order of review for the CCL that 
gives ``600 series'' ECCNs precedence over non-``600 series'' ECCNs 
(See 78 FR 22735, April 16, 2013). The header and note proposed for 
0C606 in the December 6 (vehicles) rule would contravene that order of 
precedence. Accordingly, this final rule revises the header of ECCN 
0C606 to remove the reference to ``not elsewhere specified . . . on the 
CCL,'' removes proposed ``Note 1'' and redesignates ``Note 2'' as 
``Note.'' This rule replaces the phrase ``N/A'' that appeared in the 
``Units'' paragraph in the December 6 (vehicles) rule with the phrase 
``$ value,'' which

[[Page 40896]]

more accurately describes the unit in which materials would be 
licensed.
    The December 6 (vehicles) rule included notes in the ``related 
controls'' sections of ECCNs 0A606, 0B606, 0C606, 0D606 and 0E606 
referring readers to ECCN 0A919 for controls on ``military 
commodities'' containing more than 10 percent U.S.-origin ``600 
series'' items. That text was consistent with the de minimis thresholds 
for ``600 series'' items proposed in the July 15 (framework) rule. 
Since publication of the December 6 (vehicles) rule, the June 21 
(transition) rule proposed having no de minimis level for 600 series 
items destined for a U.S. arms embargoed country (See 77 FR 37532, June 
21, 2012). The April 16 (initial implementation) rule adopted this 
standard as a final rule (See 78 FR 22667 and 22707, April 16, 2013). 
In addition, that rule created a new Country Group D:5 in Supplement 
No. 1 to part 740 to list the U.S. arms embargoed countries (See 78 FR 
22675 and 22721, April 16, 2013). Thus, the de minimis level for U.S.-
origin ``600 series'' items could be either 0% or 25% depending on the 
destination. Accordingly, in this final rule, the ``related controls'' 
sections in each of those ECCNs, except 0E606, referring readers to 
ECCN 0A919 use the phrase ``more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-
origin 600 series controlled content.'' The reference is not included 
in 0E606 because the EAR do not provide for the incorporation of 
technology into a commodity under the de minimis rule.

Comments on the December 6 (Vehicles) Rule Addressed by This Rule

    BIS received comments on the December 6 (vehicles) rule from one 
organization and one individual. Additionally, in the preamble to the 
December 6 (vehicles) rule, BIS stated that it would continue to 
consider certain comments made in response to the July 15 (framework) 
rule with respect to military vehicles.
    The organization that commented noted that in the preamble to the 
December 6 (vehicles) rule, BIS addressed comments made by that 
commenter and others concerning which vehicle parts should be subject 
to no more than the antiterrorism reason for control. In that preamble, 
BIS noted that it was continuing to review this issue and welcomed 
further comments. The organization addressed five general topics, all 
of which relate to whether certain parts and components should be 
included in ``600 series'' ECCNs generally and 0A606 in particular. The 
discussion below summarizes the points made under each of those topics 
separately and also addresses comments related to military vehicles 
that BIS received in response to the July 15 (framework) rule and that 
it stated in the December 6 (vehicles) rule it would further consider. 
This discussion provides a single response to topics 1, 2 and 3.

Comments Related to Exclusion of Certain Items From the 600 Series or 
to Limiting Them to the .y Paragraphs

Topic 1. List of Parts and Components with Little or No Military 
Significance

    This commenter proposed that gauges such as speedometers; 
instrument panels/clusters; vehicle/engine sensors; vehicle engine 
monitoring sensors and displays such as check engine lights and their 
associated sensors; electronic braking systems; multiplexing systems to 
limit vehicle wiring; tire pressure monitoring systems and data 
relating to tires (not including run-flats) be added to the list of .y 
items. The commenter reiterated its opinion expressed in its comments 
to the July 15 (framework) rule that these items have little or no 
military significance. The commenter also attributed to BIS the 
statement that these might have to be modified for a particular 
military vehicle; such modifications typically relate to fit and are 
similar to the types of modifications that are made for civilian 
vehicles. BIS's statement to this effect was part of its summary of a 
comment received in response to the July 15 (framework) rule. The 
commenter noted that BIS appeared to have adopted two ``additional 
factors'' for determining whether a part was militarily significant. 
Those factors were (1) concealment and (2) water proof/resistant status 
and stated that those two factors were not a reason to treat the above 
items as militarily significant. This conclusion on the part of the 
commenter appears to be based on a statement in the preamble to the 
December 6 (vehicles) rule that BIS made in response to a comment to 
the effect that exhaust systems should not be treated as militarily 
significant because they perform the same function on both civil and 
military vehicles. BIS's response noted that the exhaust systems on 
some military vehicles have features that reduce infrared signature to 
make the vehicle less detectable and features to enable deep water 
fording and therefore, could not be considered as per se lacking 
military significance.
    In response to comments on the July 15 (framework) rule, BIS stated 
that it was still considering comments related to exhaust systems, 
wheels and blackout lights and 0A606.y. One such comment stated that 
exhaust pipes consist mainly of metal tubing that is bent to fit a 
particular model of vehicle. As such, they appear to be classified 
under 0A606.x. The commenter stated that exhaust pipes serve the 
function of keeping poisonous gases away from the passenger compartment 
on both civilian and military vehicles. A second comment recommended 
that wheels be added to 0A606.y, stating that wheels have no more 
military significance than bearings, axles and blackout lights, all of 
which were in 0A606.y of the proposed rule. A third comment questioned 
why blackout lights were included in proposed ECCN 0A606.y (in the July 
15 (framework) rule). The commenter noted that the .y paragraph was 
intended to apply to items of little or no military significance. 
However, the commenter noted that blackout lights also were included in 
proposed interpretation h, which, among other things, identifies 
features that give a military vehicle its military characteristics.

Topic 2. Criteria for Determining Military Significance

    This commenter noted that the December 6 (vehicles) rule solicited 
additional comment on appropriate criteria for determining which items 
classified under ``600 series'' ECCNs should be limited to the AT 
reason for control. The organization stated that the December 6 
(vehicles) rule listed five criteria. Actually, those five criteria 
were suggested in a comment to the July 15 (framework) rule. BIS noted 
them in the preamble to the December 6 (vehicles) rule and neither 
adopted nor rejected them, but encouraged further comment on 
appropriate criteria for determining which items classified under ``600 
series'' ECCNs should be limited to the AT reason for control.

Topic 3. Process to Add to List of Items Lacking Military Significance

    This commenter stated that the EAR, both currently and as proposed, 
lacks a process, short of amending the regulations, to designate an 
item as subject only to the .y paragraph controls because it lacks 
military significance. In addition, the commenter stated, self-
classification will be impossible because of the ``catch-all'' 
character of the proposed .x paragraphs. Without a specific process to 
add more products to the .y paragraphs, the commenter suggested that 
export reform might cause more problems than it is intended to resolve. 
Although implementing such a process would likely require agency 
resources, the commenter suggested that

[[Page 40897]]

reduced license application volume would result in a countervailing 
reduction in the need for agency resources. Exports of parts without 
military significance would be expedited by fewer license requirements.
    This commenter also proposed that a more efficient alternative to 
adopting a process for adding items to the .y paragraphs would be to 
adopt a definition for ``specially designed'' that would eliminate the 
need to list militarily insignificant parts at all. This commenter 
suggested that as an alternative, the government could create a 
positive list of parts that are militarily significant and 
substantially deregulate all other parts. In the commenter's view, 
either alternative would give the U.S. military better access at lower 
prices to commercial technologies that could update its fleet and 
better equip U.S. military personnel.
    Response to topics 1, 2 and 3: Upon further review and reflection, 
BIS has concluded that it should not change the list of parts, 
components, accessories and attachments that were proposed for ECCN 
0A606.y in the December 6 (vehicles) rule (except for the changes to 
0A606.y discussed above). BIS has also concluded that it would not be 
possible to publish objective criteria by which additional parts, 
components, accessories and attachments would be designated as having 
such limited military significance that they should be controlled in 
the .y paragraph of ECCN 0A606 and establish a routine process for 
seeking such designation.
    Subsequent to the closing of the comment period on the December 6 
(vehicles) rule, BIS published the April 16 (initial implementation) 
rule, which adopted a new definition of ``specially designed.'' As 
described in more detail in that rule (see 78 FR 22728), parts and 
components that are used in or with USML Category VII or 0A610 vehicles 
and other commodities are not caught as specially designed items in 
0A606.x or 0A606.y if any of the exclusions in the definition's 
paragraph (b) apply. Thus, for example, as described in paragraph 
(b)(1), if the Commerce Department issues a classification 
determination that the Departments of Commerce, State, and Defense have 
agreed that a part or component used in or with a military vehicle does 
not warrant being considered ``specially designed,'' then it will not 
be controlled by 0A606.x or 0A606.y. If the part is one of the basic 
parts listed in paragraph (b)(2), then it is not controlled by 0A606.x 
or 0A606.y. If, as described in detail in paragraph (b)(3), a part or 
component not elsewhere enumerated on the USML or the CCL is common to 
a military vehicle and an EAR99 civil vehicle in production, then it is 
not controlled by 0A606.x or 0A606.y. If, as described in detail in 
paragraphs (b)(4), (b)(5) and (b)(6), a part or component is not 
elsewhere enumerated on the USML or the CCL and there is sufficient 
contemporaneous evidence that it was developed for vehicles not on the 
USML or CCL (or on the CCL for only AT reasons) for such vehicles and 
for vehicles that are on the USML or other entries on the CCL, or was 
developed as a general purpose commodity or software, i.e., with no 
knowledge that for use in or with a particular commodity, then it will 
not be within the scope of 0A606.x or 0A606.y.
    After review of the comments, BIS has concluded that technological 
significance to the military character of the vehicle should not 
determine whether a particular part, component, accessory or attachment 
is included in paragraph .x (requiring a license to all destinations 
other than Canada), .y (requiring a license to a limited range of 
destinations), or even EAR99 (not listed on the CCL at all). BIS has 
reached this conclusion in recognition of national security and foreign 
policy justifications for the U.S. Government's having control over the 
export and reexport of parts, components, accessories and attachments 
that, even if they perform functions that are common to both civil and 
military vehicles, are nonetheless in some way unique to or specially 
designed for military vehicles. Imposing export license requirements on 
such parts, accessories and attachments gives the U.S. Government 
visibility into whether persons in certain countries have such military 
vehicles or need such vehicles repaired. As circumstances change, these 
controls give the U.S. Government the ability to control the flow of 
such parts and components as national security and foreign policy 
concerns warrant. The U.S. Government has, however, decided that 
controlling such items on the ITAR is too restrictive and has, thus, 
created the more flexible controls in the ``600 series'' for such 
items.
    BIS notes that there are no items within the scope of 0A606.x or 
0A606.y that were not, prior to the effective date of this rule, 
subject to the ITAR and controlled under USML Category VII(g), which 
controlled parts, components, accessories, and attachments specifically 
designed or modified for the military vehicle and other items described 
in USML Category VII. Although classification under a ``600 series'' 
ECCN might impose sufficient additional regulatory burden that a 
manufacturer of EAR99 items might not wish to modify the design of its 
products to adapt them to military vehicles, nonetheless, the movement 
of these items to a ``600 series'' ECCN represents a substantial 
reduction in the licensing burden for manufacturers whose products 
currently are subject to the ITAR.
    BIS does not agree with the commenter's statement that the catch-
all nature of the .x paragraphs would make self-classifications 
``impossible.'' If a part or component is listed on the USML, then it 
is ITAR controlled. If not, and it is enumerated in an ECCN 0A606 
paragraph, then it is subject to the EAR and controlled in that 
paragraph. If not, and it was ``specially designed'' for a USML VII 
article or a 0A606 (other than 0A606.b) item, then it is controlled 
under 0A606.x, unless specifically identified in 0A606.y. Such items, 
when they were ITAR controlled under USML Category VII(g), required a 
license from State to export worldwide (except Canada if eligible under 
the Canadian exemption) and had a zero percent de minimis threshold 
when incorporated into civilian or military items. The U.S. Government 
has considerably adjusted the controls on such items by controlling 
them in the new 0A606.x, which has available to it several license 
exceptions and, for most of the world, a 25% de minimis threshold. In 
addition, BIS disagrees with the commenter's request that the catch-all 
provisions be amended so that they only control ``significant'' parts 
and components. The commenter would leave solely up to the exporter the 
subjective determination whether something is ``significant.'' It is 
certain that not all exporters and government officials would come to 
the same conclusion regarding the significance of any particular item. 
Granting the requested edit would thus not create the reliability and 
predictability BIS is trying to accomplish with the proposed revisions 
and the new definition of ``specially designed.'' It is the government 
that decides whether a part or component is so significant, from either 
a national security or a foreign policy perspective, as to warrant 
control on the USML or the more flexible controls of the ``600 series'' 
ECCNs, not the exporter.
    BIS also notes that although the July 15 (framework) rule included 
blackout lights in ECCN 0A606.y, the December 6 (vehicles) rule did not 
do so. In the preamble to the December 6 (vehicles) rule, BIS stated 
that it did not include blackout lights because blackout lights were 
then the subject of discussions at the Wassenaar Arrangement and that

[[Page 40898]]

changing controls on them at that time would be premature. Since the 
publication of the December 6 (vehicles) rule, two plenary meetings of 
the Wassenaar Arrangement have taken place. At neither plenary meeting 
did the Wassenaar Arrangement decide to remove blackout lights from the 
list of modifications that make a vehicle one for military use as found 
in Note 2 to WAML category ML6. For this reason, in addition to those 
in the immediately preceding paragraph, this final rule does not 
include blackout lights in 0A606.y. Thus, blackout lights that are 
``specially designed'' parts for vehicles in USML Category VII or in 
ECCN 0A606.a are included in ECCN 0A606.x.

Topic 4. Information Needed To Adapt Militarily Insignificant Parts and 
Components for Military Vehicles

    One commenter noted that the December 6 (vehicles) rule stated that 
BIS is considering recommendations to ``limit the controls on form, fit 
and function data needed to provide militarily insignificant items for 
military vehicles to the antiterrorism reason [for control]'' and 
reiterated with some elaboration the comments it made on this issue in 
response to the July 15 (framework) rule. The commenter stated that 
such a limit is critical to effective export control reform. Parts 
suppliers need to know basic information about size, shape, available 
electrical current and voltage, and other basic parameters in order to 
adapt a part to a particular vehicle. They need to communicate this 
information to their employees and suppliers. Requiring parts 
manufacturers to obtain licenses in order to do so would increase the 
cost and complexity of compliance programs, negating much of the 
advantage of creating 0A606.y items.
    Response: BIS did not adopt this recommendation. Although BIS 
desires to avoid imposing excessive compliance costs on parties engaged 
in transactions that are subject to the EAR, some such costs cannot be 
avoided. In many cases, BIS maintains export license requirements on 
development and production technology for those parts and components 
that are comparable to the license requirements imposed on the parts 
and components themselves because doing so provides a source of 
information about the disposition and status of military vehicles. BIS 
also disagrees with the commenter that adding parts and components to 
the .y controls increases compliance burdens. All parts and components 
that are now controlled in 0A606.y were, prior to the effective date of 
this rule, subject to the ITAR under USML Category VII(g). There are 
significantly fewer licensing and compliance burdens for an AT-only EAR 
item than for an ITAR-controlled item.

Topic 5. Analog v. Digital Parts and Components

    One commenter noted that the proposed December 23 (vessels) and 
December 23 (submersible vessels) rules distinguished between digital 
and analog parts in compiling lists of parts of little military 
significance. However, the commenter addressed its comment on this 
issue to those two rules and to the December 6 (vehicles) rule. This 
commenter described that distinction as arbitrary and unwarranted. This 
commenter noted that digital automobile parts have been in use for 
dozens of years and are in almost all modern civil vehicles and 
vessels. The commenter noted that the main reasons for using digital 
components are: Reduced signal degradation, interoperability with other 
vehicle parts and ability to track and display diagnostic, service and 
repair codes. This commenter asserted that there is nothing inherently 
military about these functions. This commenter also noted that some 
parts designed for a specific military function are analog.
    Response: With respect to military vehicles, the July 15 
(framework) rule, the December 6 (vehicles) rule and this final rule do 
not draw a distinction between analog and digital components in 
designating items for the .y paragraph of ECCN 0A606.

Comments Related Primarily to Definitions or Terminology

    Comment: One commenter recommended that the term ``military use'' 
and similar terms such as ``military application,'' ``military 
mission'' or ``defense articles'' be avoided because they are ambiguous 
and that more specific terms be substituted instead.
    Response: BIS certainly desires to make the EAR as explicit and 
precise as it can. However, in some instances, terms such as the 
commenter proposes avoiding cannot be avoided. For some things, a 
military application is an important distinguishing factor. In some 
instances, such terms are needed to fully describe the items to which 
the EAR applies. Sometimes, such terms are needed to conform with 
multilateral control lists which continue to use phrases such as 
``military application.'' The CCL will be amended over time to reflect 
changes in the multilateral control lists.
    Comment: One commenter recommended that the term ``specially 
designed'' be replaced with ``required'' and that the definition of 
``required'' currently in the EAR be expanded to apply to commodities 
as well as software and technology. This definition focuses on the 
portion of the technology that is peculiarly responsible for achieving 
or exceeding the controlled performance levels. This commenter opined 
that ``required'' would be more precise than ``specially designed.'' He 
also stated that the term ``specially designed'' is generally 
associated with designer intent.
    This commenter recommended that only components that meet the 
definition of ``required'' be controlled under ``600 series'' ECCNs. To 
address situations in which an end item that is on the USML could be 
manufactured from parts, none of which meets the definition of 
``required,'' this commenter recommended adding a new end-use control 
to part 744 of the EAR that would control technology required for 
assembly of components into USML end items even if the components are 
not specified on the CCL.
    As a specific instance of this recommendation, this commenter 
recommended changing ``specially designed'' to ``required'' in 0A606.x, 
0B606 heading, .a, and .b; 0D606 and 0E606 headings.
    Response: BIS did not adopt these recommendations. The term 
``required'' is defined in the EAR and is not coextensive with the term 
``specially designed.'' Limiting controls on parts and components to 
only those that would be ``peculiarly responsible'' for the military 
functionality of a particular item would be a significant decontrol 
contrary to the national security and foreign policy bases for the 
controls and the reform initiative. Most parts and components that are 
specially designed for military vehicles do not provide any military 
functionality to the item other than to enable it to operate.
    In the April 16 (initial implementation) rule, BIS adopted a 
definition of ``specially designed'' that is the product of two rounds 
of proposed rules and review of extensive public comments. This 
definition applies two tests for inclusion within the definition of 
``specially designed'' and then provides six exclusions whereby a part, 
component, accessory, attachment or software may be released from the 
definition. (See 78 FR 22728, April 16, 2013) The first test, which is 
similar to the definition of ``required,'' addresses items that have, 
as a result of ``development,'' ``properties peculiarly responsible for 
achieving or exceeding the performance levels, characteristics, or 
functions in the relevant ECCN or U.S. Munitions List (USML) paragraph

[[Page 40899]]

. . . '' The second test in the definition covers parts, components, 
accessories, attachments or software that are for use in or with 
defense articles on the USML or items on the CCL. When paired with the 
exclusions, this second test provides a basis for including within 
ECCNs 0A606, 0B606, and 0D606 parts, components, accessories, 
attachments and software that are sufficiently military in their 
character to merit inclusion in a ``600 series'' ECCN while excluding 
those that are common to both military and unlisted civil items in 
production. Inclusion of military parts, components, accessories, 
attachments and software in these ECCNs provides the U.S. Government 
with useful information about the disposition and operating status of 
vehicles that previously have been licensed for export.
    The comment also implicitly assumes that the only parts and 
components that warrant controls are those that provide peculiar 
military functionality to a controlled item. The basis for the 
government's controls on unspecified parts and components is that those 
items that are deliberately designed or modified and are not otherwise 
in normal commercial use--i.e., that are ``specially designed'' for a 
military end item--warrant control for that reason. The U.S. government 
has national security and foreign policy interests in being able to 
monitor, control, and otherwise have visibility into the supply chain 
of the parts and components that are necessary to keep military items 
functioning. The U.S. Government has made a determination that such 
parts and components, which are now ITAR controlled, do not warrant all 
the controls of the ITAR. The Government has not made, and does not 
intend to make, a determination that such items do not warrant control 
at all.
    Comment: One commenter recommended that ECCNs 0D606 and 0E606 
(along with related provisions of the ITAR) as proposed in the December 
6 (vehicles) rule and the State Department's corresponding rule be 
revised to place control over production software and technology with 
Commerce because production equipment is controlled by Commerce. This 
commenter also stated that the definitions of ``development'' and 
``production'' overlap. The commenter proposed remedying these 
situations by revising 0D606 and 0E606 to apply to software and 
technology required for the development or production of military 
vehicles and related items on the ITAR and to apply to software and 
technology for the development, production, operation, installation, 
maintenance, repair, overhaul or refurbishing of military vehicles and 
related items on the CCL.
    Response: BIS did not adopt this recommendation. The commenter is 
correct in noting that ECCN 0D606 in the December 6 (vehicles) rule and 
in this final rule applies inter alia to software for the production of 
commodities in ECCN 0A606 and that the term ``production'' is defined 
in the EAR to include inspection and testing. However, the equipment 
that is used to produce those commodities and articles is not 
necessarily of the same sensitivity as the software and technology that 
is specific to the production of the commodities and articles. Some 
equipment may be used to produce multiple types of items of varying 
sensitivity. The decision to place a particular software or technology 
on the USML or on the CCL should be based on the capabilities of that 
software or technology.
    BIS does not agree with the commenter's assertion that the 
definitions of ``development'' and ``production'' overlap. Those 
definitions, which are the definitions used by the Wassenaar 
Arrangement, have been in the EAR for years, and BIS is unaware of any 
confusion caused by alleged overlap of the terms.
    Comment: One commenter recommended that proposed ECCN 0A606, 
paragraph a., be modified to incorporate, into the body of that 
paragraph, proposed text in a note immediately following that paragraph 
and by revising that text to make the following three changes:
    1. Add language to the description of the tanks subject to that 
paragraph to allow certain modifications of tanks built prior to 1956. 
Those modifications are safety features required by law, cosmetic 
modifications and addition of parts and components available prior to 
1956;
    2. Replace with word ``military'' with the word ``armored'' in 
describing the trains subject to paragraph .a; and
    3. Remove all references to trailers.
    Response: This final rule adopts the portions of this commenter's 
recommendation relating to modifications of certain tanks built prior 
to 1956 that do not change the tank's status as a tank built in 1955 or 
earlier. The wording concerning such modifications appeared in the 
Department of State proposed rule on Category VII in proposed language 
in 22 CFR 121.4(b) describing ground vehicles that are subject to the 
EAR (See 76 FR 76100, 76102, December 6, 2011). Including matching 
language in the EAR will make the boundary between the EAR and the ITAR 
more explicit with respect to military vehicles. Accordingly this rule 
adds, in response to the commenter's recommendation, at the end of Note 
1 to paragraph .a of ECCN 0A606, the sentence ``For purposes of this 
note, the term ``modified'' does not include incorporation of safety 
features required by law, cosmetic changes (e.g., different paint or 
repositioning of bolt holes) or addition of ``parts'' or ``components'' 
available prior to 1956.''
    BIS did not adopt the proposal to incorporate the text of the note 
into the body of paragraph .a because BIS does not believe that doing 
so would add clarity to the rule. BIS did not replace the word 
``military'' with the word ``armored'' because currently, USML Category 
VII(a) applies to, inter alia, ``military railway trains'' and does not 
require that such trains be armored. BIS's intent is to include in ECCN 
0A606 the trains currently covered by Category VII(a) unless those 
trains are armed or are specially designed for launching missiles. BIS 
did not remove references to trailers because trailers are included in 
WAML category ML6. Failure to include them would be inconsistent with 
the U.S. Government's commitments to the Wassenaar Arrangement.
    Comment: This commenter also recommended deleting the term 
``specially designed'' from 0A606.b.1, Note 2 because in the 
commenter's opinion, ``none of the definitions under consideration for 
specially designed make sense when applied to a decontrol.''
    Response: BIS is not deleting the term ``specially designed'' from 
this note, which is taken from the WAML category ML6 and reads: ``ECCN 
0A606.b.1 does not control civilian vehicles `specially designed' for 
transporting money or valuables.'' Although the commenter's position is 
arguably correct when applied to the proposed definition of ``specially 
designed'' in the July 15 (framework) rule, the definition of 
``specially designed'' adopted in the April 16 (initial implementation) 
rule does make sense in provisions such as this note. That definition 
of ``specially designed'' applies to an item that ``(1) As a result of 
``development'' has properties peculiarly responsible for achieving or 
exceeding the performance levels, characteristics, or functions in the 
relevant ECCN or U.S. Munitions List (USML) paragraph; or (2) Is a 
``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory,'' ``attachment,'' or ``software'' 
for use in or with a commodity or defense article `enumerated' or 
otherwise described on the CCL or the USML.''

[[Page 40900]]

    When the first definition criterion is substituted for the defined 
term, ECCN 0A606.b.1, Note 2 reads: ``ECCN 0A606.b.1 does not control 
civilian vehicles `[that][ a]s a result of ``development'' . . . [have] 
properties peculiarly responsible for achieving or exceeding the 
performance levels, characteristics, or functions in the relevant ECCN 
or U.S. Munitions List (USML) paragraph for transporting money or 
valuables.'' Furthermore, the second criterion does not apply because 
vehicles for transporting money or valuables are not parts, components, 
accessories, attachments or software. The phrase transporting money or 
valuables is a parameter that appears on the decontrol note and not in 
the ECCN 0A606.b.1 control text. Thus, Note 2 limits the scope of ECCN 
0A606.b.1. BIS believes use of the term ``specially designed'' here 
will not cause confusion.
    Comment: One commenter also recommended deleting the word 
``special'' from the phrase ``special reinforcements for mounts for 
weapons'' in 0A606.b.1 Note 3.
    Response: BIS did not accept this recommendation. ECCN 0A606.b.1 
applies to, inter alia, certain unarmed vehicles with armor. Note 3 
defines an unarmed vehicle for purposes of paragraph .b.1. The 
adjective ``special'' in this instance makes clear that ordinary 
bracing or reinforcing used in the bodies of civil vehicles does not 
make a make a civil vehicle armed. Additionally, BIS notes the 
similarity between the language in Note 3--``special reinforcements for 
mounts for weapons'' and the example, set forth in WAML category ML6, 
of a modification that makes a vehicle ``specially designed'' for 
military use--``Special reinforcements or mountings for weapons. . . 
.''
    Comment: One commenter also recommended deleting the term 
``specially designed'' in the phrase that appears in 0A606.e and reads 
``deep water fording kits specially designed for ground vehicles 
controlled by 0A606.a or USML Category VII.''
    Response: BIS did not adopt this recommendation. BIS believes that 
the term ``specially designed'' is necessary to provide precision to 
the scope of paragraph .e.
    Comment: One commenter recommended making 0A606.x, which applies to 
``specially designed'' parts, components, accessories and attachments, 
inapplicable to 0A606.c (air-cooled diesel engines and engine blocks 
for armored vehicles of 40 tons or more), .d (continuously variable 
automatic transmission for tracked combat vehicles), .e (deep water 
fording kits for vehicles in USML Category VII or ECCN 0A606), and .f 
(self-launching bridge components not enumerated in USML Category 
VII(g) for deployment by vehicles in USML Category VII or 0A606). This 
commenter also asserted that imposing a license requirement on 
components of components was problematic but did not provide reason for 
the assertion.
    Response: BIS did not adopt this recommendation, which would have 
the effect of eliminating the license requirement for ``specially 
designed'' parts, components, accessories and attachments for items 
listed in this comment. Each of the commodities listed in ECCN 0A606, 
paragraphs .c through .f, is a piece of military equipment or a part or 
component thereof. Applying a license requirement to ``specially 
designed'' parts and components for such equipment serves to provide 
the U.S. Government with information about the equipment's disposition 
and use. BIS does not agree with the commenter that imposing a license 
requirement on components of components is problematic.

Vessels of War and Related Items; Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic 
Equipment and Related Items

Background

    This rule makes final the provisions contained in the December 23 
(vessels) and the December 23 (submersible vessels) rules. These two 
proposed rules from BIS were published in conjunction with two rules 
from the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls 
that proposed to amend the list of articles controlled by USML 
Categories VI and XX (see 76 FR 80282, 80302 and 76 FR 80291, 80305, 
respectively).
    Specifically, this final rule describes how surface vessels of war 
and related articles that the President determines no longer warrant 
control under Category VI (surface vessels of war and special naval 
equipment) of the USML will now be controlled on the CCL under new 
``600 series'' ECCNs 8A609, 8B609, 8C609, 8D609, and 8E609. The rule 
also describes how submersible vessels, oceanographic and associated 
equipment that the President has determined no longer warrant control 
on the USML Category VI or XX will now be controlled on the CCL under 
new ``600 series'' ECCNs 8A620, 8B620, 8D620, and 8E620.

Summary of Public Comments Submitted in Response to the Proposals 
Contained in the December 23 (Vessels) Rule Published by BIS

    The public comment period for the December 23 (vessels) rule, which 
addressed controls on surface vessels of war and related articles, 
ended on February 6, 2012. BIS received comments from four respondents. 
Following is a summary of those comments, along with BIS's responses. 
The comments are organized by topic, with similar comments grouped 
together under the same heading.

ECCN 8A609.x (``Parts, ``Components,'' ``Accessories'' and 
``Attachments'' That are ``Specially Designed'' for a Commodity 
Enumerated in ECCN 8A609 (Except for 8A609.y) or a Defense Article 
Enumerated in USML Category VI and Not Specified Elsewhere in the USML 
or in 8A609.y)

    Comment: Two respondents commented that Note 2 to proposed ECCN 
8A609.x incorrectly referenced USML Category VI(g), instead of USML 
Category VI(f).
    Response: This final rule corrects Note 2 to ECCN 8A609.x to refer 
to USML Category VI(f), which controls specified components, parts, 
accessories, attachments, and associated equipment for surface vessels 
of war and special naval equipment enumerated in USML Category VI. Note 
2 indicates that the latter are excluded from control under ECCN 
8A609.x.

ECCN 8A609.y (Specific ``parts,'' ``Components,'' ``Accessories'' and 
``Attachments'' ``Specially Designed'' for a Commodity Controlled by 
ECCN 8A609 or for a Defense Article in USML Category VI and Not 
Specified Elsewhere in the USML)

    Comment: One respondent questioned why proposed ECCN 8A609.y.12 
referred to analog gauges and indicators only, and not also to 
``digital'' gauges and indicators, because there is nothing inherently 
military about all ``digital'' parts and components.
    Response: Since BIS does not intend that ECCN 8A609.y distinguish 
between the relative merits of ``analog'' and ``digital'' technologies, 
this final rule changes ECCN 8A609.y to refer to all gauges and 
indicators, regardless of whether they are ``analog'' or ``digital.'' 
As published in this final rule, these gauges and indicators are now 
controlled under ECCN 8A609.y.10.
    Comment: Two respondents recommended that additional items be 
included in the list of specific ``parts,'' ``components,'' and 
``accessories and

[[Page 40901]]

attachments'' controlled by ECCN 8A609.y.
    One respondent recommended that the following items be added to 
ECCN 8A609.y:

 Atmosphere control and monitoring equipment
 Environmental control and monitoring equipment
 Thermal insulation
 Trash handling systems
 Mooring, towing and dry dock equipment
 Anchoring systems
 Material corrosion and fouling control systems
 Damage-control equipment
 Firefighting equipment, fire suppression systems, 
extinguishers, water hoses
 Emergency water rescue equipment
 On-board cranes
 Non-structural bulkheads and flexible space arrangements
 Cargo doors
 Bunks, lockers, and living/recreational quarter equipment or 
fixtures
 Meeting and classroom equipment or fixtures
 Bridge screens, panels, and monitors
 Electrical cable, cableways, wire, tapes, distribution panels, 
circuit breakers, supply outlets, connectors, switches, and fixtures
 Fiber optic cable, cableways, fixtures, switches, and supply 
outlets
 Equipment foundations and shock mounts
 Fasteners, washers, O-rings, bushings, adapters, couplings, 
bolts and similar ancillary hardware
 Mountings and clamps (meant to keep computers, office 
furniture in place).

    The other respondent recommended that the following items be added 
to ECCN 8A609.y:

 Air vents and outlets
 Cabin doors and door seals
 Crew and cabin seats and bunks
 Fire or smoke detection, prevention and suppression systems
 Gas detection and generation systems
 Heating, air-conditioning and air management equipment
 Junction boxes
 Lithium-ion batteries and battery cells
 Port hole and port hole seals.
    Response: This final rule retains the scope of controls set forth 
in the December 23 (vessels) rule and does not add the additional items 
recommended by the commenters. In this regard, note that BIS has 
concluded that the technological significance of a ``part,'' 
``component,'' ``accessory'' or ``attachment'' to the military 
character of a vessel should not be the sole determining factor as to 
whether a particular ``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory'' or 
``attachment'' is included in paragraph .x (requiring a license to all 
destinations other than Canada) or paragraph .y (requiring a license to 
a limited range of destinations) or classified under the designation 
``EAR99'' (not listed on the CCL but subject to the EAR). BIS reached 
this conclusion in recognition of the national security and foreign 
policy justifications in support of the U.S. Government exercising 
control over the export and reexport of ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' that, although they perform 
functions common to both civil and military vessels, are nonetheless in 
some way unique to, or ``specially designed'' for, vessels of war. 
Imposing export license requirements on such ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' provides the U.S. Government with 
insight into whether persons in certain countries have military vessels 
or need to have such vessels repaired. These controls give the U.S. 
Government the ability to control the flow of such parts, components, 
accessories, and attachments consistent with our national security and 
foreign policy objectives. Nevertheless, the U.S. Government has 
decided that controlling such items on the ITAR is too restrictive and, 
accordingly, has created more flexible controls for such items in the 
new ``600 series'' ECCNs on the CCL.
    Comment: One respondent recommended that ECCN 8A609.y.5 be 
rewritten to clarify that it controls ``metal hydraulic, fuel, oil and 
air lines that are straight, bent, flexible, braided or varying 
internal cross sectional area.''
    Response: This final rule clarifies which items of this type are 
controlled under 8A609.y by including the following control language in 
ECCN 8A609.y.2: ``Filters and filter assemblies, hoses, lines, 
fittings, couplings, and brackets for pneumatic, hydraulic, oil and 
fuel systems.''
    Comment: One respondent commented that the .y paragraphs in ECCNs 
8A609, 8B609, 8C609, 8D609, and 8E609 should be removed and that 
``parts'' and ``accessories and attachments'' should not be controlled 
elsewhere in the 8Y609 ECCNs or in USML Category VI. Instead, only 
individually identified ``required'' ``components'' should be 
controlled.
    Response: This final rule controls ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for commodities enumerated in the 
new 8Y609 ECCNs, consistent with the scope of the definition of 
``specially designed,'' as published in the April 16 (initial 
implementation) rule. Accordingly, an item is considered to be 
``specially designed,'' per paragraph (a) of the ``specially designed'' 
definition, if the item: (i) As a result of ``development'' has 
properties peculiarly responsible for achieving or exceeding the 
performance levels, characteristics, or functions in the relevant ECCN 
or USML paragraph; or (ii) is a ``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory,'' 
``attachment,'' or ``software'' for use in or with a commodity or 
defense article `enumerated' or otherwise described on the CCL or the 
USML. Nevertheless, a ``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory,'' 
``attachment,'' or ``software'' that otherwise would be controlled by 
paragraph (a) of the ``specially designed'' definition is released from 
being treated as ``specially designed,'' if one or more of the 
exceptions contained in paragraph (b) of the ``specially designed'' 
definition applies. The ``catch and release'' construct employed in 
paragraphs (a) and (b), respectively, of the ``specially designed'' 
definition is intended to work in combination to catch all items that 
may warrant being controlled as ``specially designed.'' Paragraph (b) 
of the definition tries, to the extent possible, to release those 
``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' ``attachments,'' or 
``software'' that the U.S. Government has determined, in all cases, do 
not warrant being controlled as ``specially designed.''

ECCN 8E609.a (``Technology'' ``Required'' for the ``Development,'' 
``Production,'' Operation, Installation, Maintenance, Repair, Overhaul 
or Refurbishing of Commodities Controlled by ECCN 8A609, 8B609, or 
8C609, or ``Software'' Controlled by ECCN 8D609, Except for ECCN 
8A609.y, 8B609.y, 8C609.y, or 8D609.y)

    Comment: One respondent recommended that the phrase ``operation, 
installation, maintenance, repair, or overhaul,'' in ECCN 8E609.a, be 
removed and replaced with the term ``use,'' as defined in the EAR.
    Response: This final rule uses the phrase ``operation, 
installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, or refurbishing'' in ECCN 
8E609.a, because this phrase is intended to include each of the 
specific sub-elements of ``use,'' as defined in the EAR.

Production ``Software'' and ``Technology'' Controlled Under ECCNs 8D609 
and 8E609, Respectively

    Comment: One respondent stated that ``software'' and ``technology'' 
should be controlled by the same agency that controls production 
equipment (i.e.,

[[Page 40902]]

Commerce). In that event, the respondent recommended that ECCN 8D609 be 
expanded to control ``software'' ``required'' for the ``development'' 
or ``production'' of defense articles in USML Category VI(a) through 
(f) and the ``software'' portion of USML Category VI(g). In addition, 
the respondent recommended that ECCN 8E609 be expanded to control 
``technology'' ``required'' for the ``development'' or ``production'' 
of defense articles in USML Category VI(a) through (f) and the 
``software'' portion of USML Category VI(g); and the design of, the 
assembly of components into, and the operation, maintenance and repair 
of, complete production installations for defense articles in USML 
Category VI(a) through (f) and the ``software'' portion of USML 
Category VI(g), and items in ECCN 8A609, 8B609 or 8D609, even if the 
``components'' of such production installations are not specified on 
either the CCL or the USML.
    Response: BIS did not adopt this recommendation. As discussed 
previously in the preamble, the changes described in this rule and in 
the State Department's rule amending Categories VI, VII, XIII, and XX 
of the USML are based on a review of those categories by the Defense 
Department, which worked with the Departments of State and Commerce in 
preparing the amendments. The review was focused on identifying the 
types of articles that are now controlled by the USML that either: (i) 
Are inherently military and otherwise warrant control on the USML; or 
(ii) if of a type common to civil applications, possess parameters or 
characteristics that provide a critical military or intelligence 
advantage to the United States and that are almost exclusively 
available from the United States. If an article was found to satisfy 
either or both of those criteria, the article remains on the USML. 
Based on the review of USML Category VI, ECCN 8D609 controls 
``software'' for items controlled under ECCN 8A609, 8B609, or 8C609 
only (and not ``software'' for any of the defense articles enumerated 
in USML Category VI), while ECCN 8E609 controls ``technology'' for 
items controlled under ECCN 8A609, 8B609, 8C609, or 8D609 only (and not 
``technology'' for any of the defense articles enumerated in USML 
Category VI). In short, as a result of the review, ``software'' and 
``technology'' for surface vessels of war, special naval equipment, and 
related defense articles enumerated in USML Category VI will be 
controlled under Category VI and not under the related ``software'' and 
``technology'' entries on the CCL (i.e., ECCNs 8D609 and 8E609, 
respectively).

Use of the Term ``Specially Designed'' in the 8Y609 ECCNs

    Comment: One respondent recommended that the proposed definition of 
``specially designed'' (and, in particular, the ``parts'' and 
``components'' exclusions therein) be changed to avoid the overly broad 
control of a large and diverse array of militarily insignificant items 
used on military surface vessels and related articles. In the 
respondent's view, the provisions of the proposed definition applicable 
to ``parts'' and ``components,'' if read literally, would capture 
``parts'' and ``components'' for practically every military item 
enumerated on the CCL or the USML, unless the ``parts'' and 
``components'' are separately enumerated (i.e., either in a USML 
subcategory or in an ECCN that does not have ``specially designed'' as 
a control criterion) or fall within one of the four limited exclusions 
in subparagraph (d) of the proposed definition (as published in the 
July 15 (framework) rule. To clarify the scope of the definition, with 
respect to ``parts'' and ``components,'' the respondent recommended 
that ECCN 8A609.y be revised to add the following types of minor 
``parts:'' threaded fasteners (e.g., screws, bolts, nuts, nut plates, 
studs, inserts), other fasteners (e.g., clips, rivets, pins), common 
type hardware (e.g., washers, spacers, insulators, connectors, diodes, 
resistors, grommets, bushings), springs, wire, seals, packings, 
blankets, insulation, decals, and name/information plates.
    In addition, the respondent noted that the application of the 
proposed ``specially designed'' definition to items other than 
``parts'' and ``components'' was ambiguous with respect to the phrase 
``peculiarly responsible'' (i.e., the significance of an item's 
properties to the stated performance characteristics or functions), 
which could be interpreted as meaning that the properties are both 
``necessary'' and ``sufficient'' to achieve or exceed the stated 
performance parameters. To address this ambiguity, the respondent 
recommended that BIS provide examples of how the phrase ``peculiarly 
responsible'' would be applied in determining whether or not an item 
was ``specially designed.''
    Response: This final rule does not adopt the respondent's 
recommendation, although the definition of ``specially designed'' 
published in the April 16 (initial implementation rule) did include a 
Note to paragraph (a)(1) to provide more detail on applying the 
peculiarly responsible standard, including providing two examples for 
applying the peculiarly responsible standard for purposes of paragraph 
(a)(1). This rule controls ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' 
and ``attachments'' for commodities enumerated in the new 8Y609 ECCNs, 
consistent with the scope of the definition of ``specially designed,'' 
as published in the April 16 (initial implementation) rule.
    With respect to the phrase ``peculiarly responsible,'' as applied 
in subparagraph (a)(1) of the proposed ``specially designed'' 
definition, most respondents who commented on the proposed ``specially 
designed'' definition in the July 15 (framework) rule found this part 
of the definition to be clear--perhaps, this is because this part of 
the definition was taken from the definition of ``required'' in Sec.  
772.1 of the EAR. Although the ``required'' definition applies only to 
``software'' and ``technology,'' BIS applied the defining principle of 
that definition in paragraph (a)(1) of the ``specially designed'' 
definition, as published in the April 16 (initial implementation) rule. 
Therefore, within the context of paragraph (a)(1) of the ``specially 
designed'' definition, the phrase ``peculiarly responsible'' means not 
merely that an item captured by this paragraph is somehow capable of 
use with a controlled item, but that something was done during the 
item's development to enable it to achieve or exceed the performance 
levels, characteristics, or functions described in a referenced ECCN or 
USML paragraph. If, for example, the control characteristic of a 
vehicle indicates that the vehicle be ``specially designed'' for 
military use, then, at a minimum, any ``part'' or ``component'' that 
was, as a result of development, deliberately made for and unique to 
such a military vehicle would be considered peculiarly responsible for 
meeting the control characteristic of the vehicle, regardless of the 
part or component's capabilities or functions. The only control 
characteristic for such vehicles is that the vehicle itself was 
``specially designed'' for military use, not that it performed at any 
particular level. Whether the part or component is ultimately 
considered to be ``specially designed'' depends upon whether any of the 
releases in paragraph (b) apply.
    For purposes of paragraph (a)(1) in the definition of ``specially 
designed,'' this principle applies equally to ``parts,'' 
``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for commodities. In 
addition, note that an item is considered to be ``specially designed,'' 
per paragraph (a)(2) of the ``specially designed'' definition, as 
published in

[[Page 40903]]

the April 16 (initial implementation) rule, if the item is a ``part,'' 
``component,'' ``accessory,'' ``attachment,'' or ``software'' for use 
in or with a commodity or defense article `enumerated' or otherwise 
described on the CCL or the USML. Even so, a ``part,'' ``component,'' 
``accessory,'' ``attachment,'' or ``software'' that otherwise would be 
controlled by paragraph (a) of the ``specially designed'' definition 
would be released from being treated as ``specially designed,'' if one 
or more of the exceptions contained in paragraph (b) of the ``specially 
designed'' definition applies. The ``catch and release'' construct 
employed in paragraphs (a) and (b), respectively, of the ``specially 
designed'' definition is intended to work in combination to catch all 
items that may warrant being controlled as ``specially designed.'' 
Therefore, the paragraph (a) ``catch'' must be broad in scope. To 
compensate for those instances in which paragraph (a) of the definition 
may overreach, paragraph (b) of the definition seeks, to the extent 
possible, to release those ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' 
``attachments,'' or ``software'' that the U.S. Government has 
determined, in all cases, do not warrant being controlled as 
``specially designed.'' For example, paragraph (b)(2) in the definition 
of ``specially designed'' exempts specified ``parts,'' and 
``components'' from the definition, if the item is, regardless of 
``form'' or ``fit,'' a fastener (e.g., screw, bolt, nut, nut plate, 
stud, insert, clip, rivet, pin), washer, spacer, insulator, grommet, 
bushing, spring, wire, or solder.

Changes to Controls on Vessels Made by This Rule

    This final rule creates five new 600 series ECCNs in CCL Category 8 
(ECCNs 8A609, 8B609, 8C609, 8D609, and 8E609) that control articles the 
President has determined no longer warrant control under USML Category 
VI. These amendments are discussed in more detail below.

New ECCN 8A609 (Surface Vessels of War and Related)

    Paragraph .a of ECCN 8A609 controls surface vessels of war that are 
``specially designed'' for military use, but not enumerated in the 
USML. Paragraph .b of ECCN 8A609 controls non-magnetic diesel engines 
that have a power output of 50 hp or more and either of the following: 
(1) A non-magnetic content exceeding 25 percent of total weight or (2) 
non-magnetic parts other than crankcase, block, head, pistons, covers, 
end plates, valve facings, gaskets, and fuel, lubrication and other 
supply lines. These diesel engines were listed under ECCN 8A620 in 
BIS's December 23 (submersible vessels) rule that proposed to control 
on the CCL submersible vessels, oceanographic and associated equipment 
determined by the President to no longer warrant control under USML 
Category VI or Category XX. However, this final rule controls these 
engines under new ECCN 8A609, instead of new ECCN 8A620 (Submersible 
vessels oceanographic and associated equipment), because they are 
generally designed for use in surface vessels, rather than submersible 
vessels. Paragraphs .c through .w of ECCN 8A609 are reserved. Paragraph 
.x controls ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' (including certain unfinished products that have 
reached a stage in manufacturing where they are clearly identifiable as 
commodities controlled by paragraph .x) that are ``specially designed'' 
for a commodity in paragraph .a or .b or for a defense article in USML 
Category VI. This final rule specifically excludes from 8A609.x any 
``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for 
commodities controlled under 8A609.y. Paragraph .y consists of specific 
types of commodities that, if ``specially designed'' for a commodity 
subject to control in ECCN 8A609 or a defense article in USML Category 
VI, warrant less strict controls because they have little or no 
military significance. Commodities listed in paragraph .y are subject 
to antiterrorism (AT Column 1) controls only.
    This final rule does not add gas turbine engines for military 
vessels of war to new ECCN 8A609. Instead, the April 16 (initial 
implementation) rule created a new ECCN 9A619 and included gas turbine 
engines and related items for military aircraft in that ECCN. This rule 
adds gas turbine for surface vessels of war and military vehicles to 
that ECCN .
    This final rule adds a note to ECCN 8A609 specifying the changes 
that may be made to certain vessels built prior to 1950 without 
changing the vessel's status as a vessel built prior to 1950 and 
unmodified since 1949. Similar language concerning such modifications 
is in the Department of State rule that is being published 
simultaneously with this rule. For purposes of this note, the term 
modified does not include installation of safety features required by 
law, cosmetic changes (e.g., different paint), or the addition of 
``parts'' or ``components'' otherwise available prior to 1950. 
Including this clarifying language in both rules will make it easier to 
distinguish vessels on the USML from those on the CCL.

New ECCN 8B609 (Test, Inspection, and Production ``Equipment'' and 
Related Commodities ``Specially Designed'' for the ``Development,'' 
``Production,'' Repair, Overhaul, or Refurbishing of Commodities in 
ECCN 8A609 or USML Category VI (Except for Cat VI(f)(7)))

    ECCN 8B609.a controls test, inspection, and production 
``equipment'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of surface vessels of 
war and related commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A609 (except for items 
in 8A609.y) or in USML Category VI (except for articles enumerated in 
USML Cat VI(f)(7)). This final rule adds an exclusion to 8B609.a that 
applies to test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' ``specially 
designed'' for the ``development'' or ``production'' of articles in 
USML Cat VI(f)(7). Paragraph .b is reserved.

New ECCN 8C609 (Materials ``Specially Designed'' for the 
``Development'' or ``Production'' of Commodities Controlled by 8A609 
Not Elsewhere Specified in the USML)

    ECCN 8C609.a controls materials ``specially designed'' for the 
``development'' or ``production'' of surface vessels of war and related 
commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A609 (except for items in 8A609.y) that 
are not specified elsewhere on the USML. The December 23 (vessels) rule 
proposed language in the ECCN heading, in 8C609.a, and in the Note 
thereto, that would have limited the scope of the materials controlled 
by ECCN 8C609 to those materials not controlled by other ECCNs on the 
CCL. The effect of that language would have been to make materials 
specifically mentioned in a non-``600 series'' ECCN controlled by that 
non-``600 series'' ECCN, even if they were ``specially designed'' for a 
military vessel, ``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory,'' or 
``attachment'' that is controlled by ECCN 8A609. Conversely, the April 
16 (initial implementation) rule adopted a CCL order of review (see 78 
FR 22735, April 16, 2013) in Supplement No. 4 to part 774) that gives 
``600 series'' ECCNs precedence over non-``600 series'' ECCNs when 
classifying an item. Accordingly, this final rule does not include the 
proposed language from the December 23 (vessels) rule that would have 
limited the scope of the materials controlled by ECCN 8C609 to those 
materials that are not controlled under other ECCNs on the CCL.

[[Page 40904]]

New ECCN 8D609 (``Software'' ``Specially Designed'' for the 
``Development,'' ``Production,'' Operation or Maintenance of 
Commodities Controlled by 8A609, 8B609, or 8C609)

    ECCN 8D609.a controls ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, or maintenance of 
commodities controlled by ECCN 8A609, ECCN 8B609, or ECCN 8C609 (except 
for commodities controlled by ECCN 8A609.y). Paragraph .b is reserved. 
ECCN 8D609.y applies to specific ``software'' that is ``specially 
designed'' for the ``development,'' ``production,'' operation, or 
maintenance of commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A609.y.

New ECCN 8E609 (``Technology'' ``Required'' for the ``Development,'' 
``Production,'' Operation, Installation, Maintenance, Repair, Overhaul, 
or Refurbishing of Commodities Controlled by 8A609, 8B609, or 8C609, or 
``Software'' Controlled by 8D609)

    ECCN 8E609.a controls ``technology'' ``required'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, 
repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of items enumerated in ECCN 8A609, 
8B609, 8C609, or 8D609 (except for commodities enumerated in ECCN 
8A609.y). Paragraph .b is reserved. ECCN 8E609.y applies to specific 
``technology'' that is ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, 
or refurbishing of items enumerated in ECCN 8A609.y.

Changes to the EAR Amendments Proposed in the December 23 (Vessels) 
Rule

Non-Magnetic Diesel Engines Controlled Under New ECCN 8A609.b

    As previously discussed, the December 23 (submersible vessels) rule 
published by BIS proposed that new ECCN 8A620.d.3 control non-magnetic 
diesel engines having a power output of 50 hp or more, and either of 
the following characteristics: (i) A non-magnetic content exceeding 25 
percent of total weight or (ii) non-magnetic parts other than 
crankcase, block, head, pistons, covers, end plates, valve facings, 
gaskets, and fuel, lubrication and other supply lines. However, because 
these non-magnetic diesel engines are generally designed for use in 
surface vessels, rather than submersible vessels, this final rule 
controls these engines under new ECCN 8A609.b.

Changes To Make New ECCN 8C609 Consistent With the CCL Order of Review

    The April 16 (initial implementation) rule adopted a CCL order of 
review (see Supplement No. 4 to part 774) that gives ``600 series'' 
ECCNs precedence over non-``600 series'' ECCNs when classifying an 
item. Accordingly, the control language for ECCN 8C609 in this final 
rule differs from the control language proposed in the December 23 
(vessels) rule in that it does not limit the scope of the materials 
controlled by ECCN 8C609 to materials that are not controlled elsewhere 
on the CCL. Practically speaking, this means that, if an item subject 
to the EAR is described by a ``600 series'' ECCN (e.g., ECCN 8C609), 
then the item would be controlled under the ``600 series'' ECCN even if 
it were also described elsewhere on the CCL under a non-``600 series'' 
ECCN.

Summary of Public Comments Submitted in Response to the Proposals 
Contained in the December 23 (Submersible Vessels) Rule Published by 
BIS

    The public comment period for the December 23 (submersible vessels) 
rule, which addressed controls on submersible vessels, oceanographic 
equipment and related articles, ended on February 6, 2012. BIS received 
comments from four respondents. Following is a summary of those 
comments, along with BIS's responses. The comments are organized by 
topic, with similar comments grouped together under the same heading.

ECCN 8A620.d (Engines and Propulsion Systems)

    Comment: One respondent recommended that the word ``crankcase'' be 
replaced with the word ``crankshaft'' in ECCN 8A620.d.3 (Non-magnetic 
diesel engines with a power output of 50 hp or more), as proposed in 
the December 23 (submersible vessels) rule.
    Response: This final rule retains the word ``crankcase'' in the 
control language, because ``crankcase'' more fully describes the types 
of items that are subject to control than the word ``crankshaft.'' 
Specifically, the ``crankcase'' is often integrated with the cylinder 
bank(s), forming the engine block, and serves as the housing for the 
``crankshaft.'' In addition, note that the non-magnetic diesel engines 
that were proposed for control under new ``600 series'' ECCN 8A620.d.3 
of the December 23 (submersible vessels) rule will now be controlled 
under new ECCN 8A609 (surface vessels of war and related commodities), 
instead of new ECCN 8A620, because these engines are generally designed 
for use in surface vessels, rather than submersible vessels.

ECCN 8A620.x (``Parts,'' ``Components,'' ``Accessories'' and 
``Attachments'' That Are ``Specially Designed'' for a Commodity 
Enumerated in ECCN 8A620 (Except for 8A620.b or .y) and Not Specified 
Elsewhere on the USML or in 8A620.y)

    Comment: One respondent noted that proposed ECCN 8A620.x and .y 
deviate from similar proposed changes in other ECR rules in that 
neither paragraph controls specific ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for defense articles in USML 
Category XX. The respondent recommended that BIS include language in 
Note 2 to ECCN 8A620.x to clarify that 8A620.x and .y do not control 
``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for any 
defense articles enumerated in USML Category XX.
    Response: The exclusion of ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for any defense articles in USML 
Category XX is clearly indicated in ECCN 8A620.x and .y, both of which 
refer only to items controlled under new ``600 series'' ECCN 8A620 and 
not to any defense articles in USML Category XX. For this reason, BIS 
did not make the recommended change in this final rule.

ECCN 8A620.y (Specific ``Parts,'' ``Components,'' ``Accessories'' and 
``Attachments'' ``Specially Designed'' for a Commodity Subject to 
Control in This ECCN)

    Comment: Two respondents recommended that additional items be 
included in the list of specific ``parts,'' ``components,'' and 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' controlled by ECCN 8A620.y.
    One respondent recommended that the following items be added to 
ECCN 8A620.y:
     Thermal insulation
     Firefighting equipment, fire suppression systems, 
extinguishers, water hoses
     Emergency water rescue equipment
     Non-structural bulkheads and flexible space arrangements
     Bunks, lockers, and living/recreational quarter facilities
     Meeting and classroom facilities
     Electrical cable, cableways, wire, tapes, distribution 
panels, circuit breakers, supply outlets, connectors, switches, and 
fixtures

[[Page 40905]]

     Fiber optic cable, cableways, fixtures, switches, and 
supply outlets
     Equipment foundations and shock mounts
     Fasteners, washers, O-rings, bushings, adapters, 
couplings, bolts and similar ancillary hardware
     Mountings and clamps (meant to keep computers, office 
furniture in place).
    The other respondent recommended that the following items be added 
to ECCN 8A620.y:
     Floats for 8A620.e commodities
     Cabin doors and door seals
     Crew and cabin seats and bunks
     Fire or smoke detection, prevention and suppression 
systems
     Junction boxes
     Lithium-ion batteries and battery cells
     Port hole and port hole seals.
    Response: This final rule retains the scope of controls set forth 
in the December 23 (submersible vessels) rule. In this regard, note 
that BIS has concluded that the technological significance of a 
``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory'' or ``attachment'' to the 
military character of a submersible vessel should not be the sole 
determining factor as to whether a particular ``part,'' ``component,'' 
``accessory'' or ``attachment'' is included in paragraph .x (requiring 
a license to all destinations other than Canada) or paragraph .y 
(requiring a license to a limited range of destinations) or classified 
under the designation ``EAR99'' (not listed on the CCL at all). BIS 
reached this conclusion in recognition of the national security and 
foreign policy justifications in support of the U.S. Government 
exercising control over the export and reexport of ``parts,'' 
``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' that, although they 
perform functions common to both civil and military submersible 
vessels, are nonetheless in some way unique to, or ``specially 
designed'' for, submersible vessels of war. Imposing export license 
requirements on such ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' provides the U.S. Government with insight into whether 
persons in certain countries have military submersible vessels or need 
to have such vessels repaired. These controls give the U.S. Government 
the ability to control the flow of such parts, components, accessories, 
and attachments consistent with our national security and foreign 
policy objectives. Nevertheless, the U.S. Government has decided that 
controlling such items on the ITAR is too restrictive and, accordingly, 
has created more flexible controls for such items in the new ``600 
series'' ECCNs on the CCL.
    Comment: One respondent recommended that ECCN 8A620.y.5 be 
rewritten to clarify that it controls ``metal hydraulic, fuel, oil and 
air lines that are straight, bent, flexible, braided or varying 
internal cross sectional area.''
    Response: This final rule clarifies which items of this type are 
controlled under 8A620.y by including the following control language 
under ECCN 8A620.y.2: ``Filters and filter assemblies, hoses, lines, 
fittings, couplings, and brackets for pneumatic, hydraulic, oil and 
fuel systems.''

ECCN 8B620 (Test, Inspection, and Production ``Equipment'' and Related 
Commodities ``Specially Designed'' for the ``Development,'' 
``Production,'' Repair, Overhaul, or Refurbishing of Commodities 
Enumerated in ECCN 8A620)

    Comment: One respondent stated that neither proposed ECCN 8B620 nor 
proposed USML Category XX addressed equipment ``specially designed'' to 
produce defense articles enumerated in USML Category XX. The respondent 
recommended that such equipment be controlled on the CCL under new ECCN 
8B620.
    Response: USML Category XX has been re-written to specifically 
capture equipment ``specially designed'' to produce defense articles in 
USML Category XX. Therefore, new ECCN 8B620 does not control this 
equipment.

Production ``Software'' and ``Technology'' Controlled Under ECCNs 8D620 
and 8E620, Respectively

    Comment: One respondent stated that ``software'' and ``technology'' 
should be controlled by the same agency that controls production 
equipment (i.e., Commerce). In that event, the respondent recommended 
that ECCN 8D620 be expanded to control ``software'' ``required'' for 
the ``development'' or ``production'' of defense articles in proposed 
USML Category XX(a) through (c) and the ``software'' portion of 
proposed USML Category XX(d). In addition, the respondent recommended 
that ECCN 8E620 be expanded to control ``technology'' ``required'' for 
the ``development'' or ``production'' of defense articles in proposed 
USML Category XX(a) through (c) and the ``software'' portion of 
proposed USML Category XX(d); and the design of, the assembly of 
components into, and the operation, maintenance and repair of, complete 
production installations for defense articles in proposed USML Category 
XX(a) through (c) and the ``software'' portion of proposed USML 
Category XX(d), and items in ECCN 8A620, 8B620 or 8D620, even if the 
``components'' of such production installations are not specified on 
either the CCL or the USML.
    Response: BIS did not adopt this recommendation. As discussed 
previously in the preamble, the changes described in this rule and in 
the State Department's rule amending Categories VI, VII, XIII, and XX 
of the USML are based on a review of those categories by the Defense 
Department, which worked with the Departments of State and Commerce in 
preparing the amendments. The review was focused on identifying the 
types of articles that are now controlled by the USML that either: (i) 
Are inherently military and otherwise warrant control on the USML; or 
(ii) if of a type common to civil applications, possess parameters or 
characteristics that provide a critical military or intelligence 
advantage to the United States and that are almost exclusively 
available from the United States. If an article was found to satisfy 
either or both of those criteria, the article remains on the USML. 
Based on the review of USML Categories VI and XX, ECCN 8D620 controls 
``software'' for items controlled under ECCN 8A620 or 8B620 only (and 
not ``software'' for any of the defense articles enumerated in USML 
Category XX), while ECCN 8E620 controls ``technology'' for items 
controlled under ECCN 8A620, 8B620, or 8D620 only (and not 
``technology'' for any of the defense articles enumerated in USML 
Category XX). In short, as a result of the review, ``software'' and 
``technology'' for submersible vessels and related defense articles 
enumerated in USML Category XX will be controlled under Category XX and 
not under the related ``software'' and ``technology'' entries on the 
CCL (i.e., ECCNs 8D620 and 8E620, respectively.

Use of the Term ``Specially Designed'' in the 8Y620 ECCNs

    Comment: One respondent recommended that the proposed definition of 
``specially designed'' (and, in particular, the ``parts'' and 
``components'' exclusions therein) be changed to avoid the overly broad 
control of a large and diverse array of militarily insignificant items 
used on military surface vessels and related articles. In the 
respondent's view, the provisions of the proposed definition applicable 
to ``parts'' and ``components,'' if read literally, would capture 
``parts'' and ``components'' for practically every military item 
enumerated on the CCL or the USML, unless the ``parts'' and 
``components''

[[Page 40906]]

are separately enumerated (i.e., either in a USML subcategory or in an 
ECCN that does not have ``specially designed'' as a control criterion) 
or fall within one of the four limited exclusions in subparagraph (d) 
of the proposed definition (as published in the July 15 (framework) 
rule. To clarify the scope of the definition, with respect to ``parts'' 
and ``components,'' the respondent recommended that ECCN 8A620.y be 
revised to add the following types of minor ``parts'': Threaded 
fasteners (e.g., screws, bolts, nuts, nut plates, studs, inserts), 
other fasteners (e.g., clips, rivets, pins), common type hardware 
(e.g., washers, spacers, insulators, connectors, diodes, resistors, 
grommets, bushings), springs, wire, seals, packings, blankets, 
insulation, decals, and name/information plates.
    In addition, the respondent noted that the application of the 
proposed ``specially designed'' definition to items other than 
``parts'' and ``components'' was ambiguous with respect to the phrase 
``peculiarly responsible'' (i.e., the significance of an item's 
properties to the stated performance characteristics or functions), 
which could be interpreted as meaning that the properties are both 
``necessary'' and ``sufficient'' to achieve or exceed the stated 
performance parameters. To address this ambiguity, the respondent 
recommended that BIS provide examples of how the phrase ``peculiarly 
responsible'' would be applied in determining whether or not an item 
was ``specially designed.''
    Response: This final rule does not adopt the respondent's 
recommendation, although the definition of ``specially designed'' 
published in the April 16 (initial implementation rule) did include a 
Note to paragraph (a)(1) to provide more detail on applying the 
peculiarly responsible standard, including providing two examples for 
applying the peculiarly responsible standard for purposes of paragraph 
(a)(1). This rule controls ``parts,'' ``components,'' and 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for commodities enumerated in the 
new 8Y620 ECCNs, consistent with the scope of the definition of 
``specially designed,'' as published in the April 16 (initial 
implementation) rule.
    With respect to the phrase ``peculiarly responsible,'' as applied 
in subparagraph (a)(1) of the proposed ``specially designed'' 
definition, most respondents who commented on the proposed ``specially 
designed'' definition in the July 15 (framework) rule found this part 
of the definition to be clear--perhaps, this is because this part of 
the definition was taken from the definition of ``required'' in Sec.  
772.1 of the EAR. Although the ``required'' definition applies only to 
``software'' and ``technology,'' BIS applied the defining principle of 
that definition in paragraph (a)(1) of the ``specially designed'' 
definition, as published in the April 16 (initial implementation) rule. 
Therefore, within the context of paragraph (a)(1) of the ``specially 
designed'' definition, the phrase ``peculiarly responsible'' means that 
an item captured by this paragraph is not merely somehow capable of use 
with a controlled item, but that something was done during the item's 
development to enable it to achieve or exceed the performance levels, 
characteristics, or functions described in a referenced ECCN or USML 
paragraph. For purposes of paragraph (a)(1) in the definition of 
``specially designed,'' this principle applies equally to ``parts,'' 
``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' for commodities. In 
addition, note that an item is considered to be ``specially designed,'' 
per paragraph (a)(2) of the ``specially designed'' definition, as 
published in the April 16 (initial implementation) rule, if the item is 
a ``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory,'' ``attachment,'' or 
``software'' for use in or with a commodity or defense article 
`enumerated' or otherwise described on the CCL or the USML. Even so, a 
``part,'' ``component,'' ``accessory,'' ``attachment,'' or ``software'' 
that otherwise would be controlled by paragraph (a) of the ``specially 
designed'' definition would be released from being treated as 
``specially designed,'' if one or more of the exceptions contained in 
paragraph (b) of the ``specially designed'' definition applies. The 
``catch and release'' construct employed in paragraphs (a) and (b), 
respectively, of the ``specially designed'' definition is intended to 
work in combination to catch all items that may warrant being 
controlled as ``specially designed.'' Therefore, the paragraph (a) 
``catch'' must be broad in scope. To compensate for those instances in 
which paragraph (a) of the definition may overreach, paragraph (b) of 
the definition tries, to the extent possible, to release those 
``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' ``attachments,'' or 
``software'' that the U.S. Government has determined, in all cases, do 
not warrant being controlled as ``specially designed.'' For example, 
paragraph (b)(2) in the definition of ``specially designed'' exempts 
specified ``parts'' and``components'' from the definition, if the item 
is, regardless of ``form'' or ``fit,'' a fastener (e.g., screw, bolt, 
nut, nut plate, stud, insert, clip, rivet, pin), washer, spacer, 
insulator, grommet, bushing, spring, wire, or solder.

Changes to Controls on Submersible Vessels Made by This Rule

    This final rule creates four new ``600 series'' ECCNs in CCL 
Category 8 (ECCNs 8A620, 8B620, 8D620, and 8E620) that control articles 
the President has determined no longer warrant control under USML 
Category VI or Category XX. These amendments are discussed in more 
detail below.

New ECCN 8A620 (Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic and Associated 
Equipment)

    Paragraph .a of ECCN 8A620 controls submersible and semi-
submersible vessels ``specially designed'' for a military use, but not 
enumerated on the USML (e.g., submarine rescue vehicles and Deep 
Submergence Vehicles (DSVs)). Paragraph .b of ECCN 8A620 controls 
submersible and semi-submersible vessels ``specially designed'' for 
cargo transport (submersible and semi-submersible vessels of a type 
known to have been used in illegal drug trafficking activities) and 
``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' 
``specially designed'' therefor. Paragraph .c of ECCN 8A620 controls 
harbor entrance detection devices (magnetic, pressure, and acoustic) 
and controls therefor, not elsewhere specified on the USML or the CCL. 
Paragraph .d of ECCN 8A620 controls certain engines and propulsion 
devices for submersible or semi-submersible vessels (i.e., diesel 
engines of 1,500 hp and over with rotary speed of 700 rpm or over 
``specially designed'' for submarines). In a change from BIS's December 
23 (submersible vessels) rule, paragraph .d does not control non-
magnetic diesel engines that have a power output of 50 hp or more and 
either of the following: (1) A non-magnetic content exceeding 25 
percent of total weight or (2) non-magnetic parts other than crankcase, 
block, head, pistons, covers, end plates, valve facings, gaskets, and 
fuel, lubrication and other supply lines. These engines are controlled 
under new ECCN 8A609 (surface vessels of war and related commodities), 
instead of new ECCN 8A620, because they are generally designed for use 
in surface vessels, rather than submersible vessels. In another change 
from BIS's December 23 (submersible vessels) rule, paragraph .d does 
not control electric motors ``specially designed'' for submarines and 
having all of the following: (i) A power output of more than 1,000 hp; 
(ii) quick reversing; (iii) liquid cooled; and

[[Page 40907]]

(iv) totally enclosed. These electric motors are controlled under USML 
Category XX, instead of ECCN 8A620. The Note to paragraph .d states 
that propulsion systems not controlled under ECCN 8A620 that are 
``specially designed'' for an article controlled by USML Category XX 
are controlled by USML XX(b) or (c). Paragraphs .e and .f control 
submarine and torpedo nets and certain closed and semi-closed circuit 
(rebreathing) apparatus, respectively. Paragraphs .g through .w are 
reserved. Paragraph .x controls ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' (including certain unfinished 
products that have reached a stage in manufacturing where they are 
clearly identifiable as commodities controlled by paragraph .x) that 
are ``specially designed'' for a commodity in paragraphs .a and .c 
through .f; however, paragraph .x does not include items ``specially 
designed'' for a defense article in USML Category VI or XX.
    Paragraph .y contains specific types of commodities that, if 
``specially designed'' for a commodity subject to control in ECCN 
8A620, warrant less strict controls because they have little or no 
military significance. Commodities listed in paragraph .y are subject 
to antiterrorism (AT Column 1) controls only. The systems and equipment 
described in ECCN 8A620.y.14 through .y.20, as proposed in the December 
23 (submersible vessels) rule, are not included in ECCN 8A620.y in this 
final rule. Any such systems and equipment that are subject to the EAR 
and not elsewhere specified on the CCL are classified under the 
designation ``EAR99.''

New ECCN 8B620 (Test, Inspection, and Production ``Equipment'' and 
Related Commodities ``Specially Designed'' for the ``Development,'' 
``Production,'' Repair, Overhaul, or Refurbishing of Commodities 
Enumerated in ECCN 8A620)

    ECCN 8B620.a controls test, inspection, and production 
``equipment'' and related commodities ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of 
commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A620 (except for items in 8A620.b and 
.y). Paragraph .b of ECCN 8B620 controls test, inspection, and 
production ``equipment'' and related commodities ``specially designed'' 
for the ``development'' or ``production'' of commodities enumerated in 
ECCN 8A620.b. Currently, ECCN 8B620 does not identify specific test, 
inspection, and production ``equipment'' and related commodities 
``specially designed'' for the ``development'' or ``production'' of 
commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A620.y.

New ECCN 8D620 (``Software'' ``Specially Designed'' for the 
``Development,'' ``Production,'' Operation or Maintenance of 
Commodities Controlled by 8A620 or 8B620)

    ECCN 8D620.a controls ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, or maintenance of 
commodities controlled by 8A620 or 8B620 (except for commodities 
controlled by 8A620.b or .y or ECCN 8B620.b). Paragraph .b of ECCN 
8D620 controls ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, or maintenance of 
commodities enumerated in 8A620.b or 8B620.b. ECCN 8D620.y applies to 
specific ``software'' that is ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, or maintenance of 
commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A620.y.

New ECCN 8E620 (``Technology'' ``Required'' for the ``Development,'' 
``Production,'' Operation, Installation, Maintenance, Repair, Overhaul 
or Refurbishing of Commodities Controlled by 8A620 or 8B620, or 
``software'' Controlled by 8D620)

    ECCN 8E620.a controls ``technology'' ``required'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, 
repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 
8A620 or 8B620 or ``software'' controlled by ECCN 8D620 (except for 
commodities controlled by ECCN 8A620.b or .y or ECCN 8B620.b, or 
``software'' controlled by ECCN 8D620.b or .y). Paragraph .b of 8E620 
controls ``technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, 
or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 8A620.b or 8B620.b or 
``software'' controlled by 8D620.b. ECCN 8E620.y applies to specific 
``technology'' that is ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, 
or refurbishing of items enumerated in ECCN 8A620.y.

Amendments to ECCN 8A018

    This final rule also affects items controlled under ECCN 8A018. 
Specifically, engines and propulsion systems described in ECCN 
8A018.b.1 will be moved to new ECCN 8A620.d as of the effective date of 
this final rule. In addition, anti-submarine and anti-torpedo nets 
described in ECCN 8A018.b.4 will be moved to new ECCN 8A620.e and 
closed and semi-closed circuit (rebreathing) apparatus described in 
ECCN 8A018.a will be moved to new ECCN 8A620.f, as of the effective 
date of this final rule. However, new ECCN 8A620.d will not control 
either electric motors described in ECCN 8A018.b.2 or non-magnetic 
diesel engines described in 8A018.b.3, as proposed in the December 23 
(submersible vessels) rule. Instead, the former will be controlled 
under USML Category XX, while the latter will be controlled under new 
ECCN 8A609.b (since these engines are generally designed for use in 
surface vessels, rather than submersible vessels).
    Consistent with the April 16 (initial implementation) rule and with 
the statement in the July 15 (framework) rule that 018 entries would 
remain in the CCL for a time, but only for cross-reference purposes, 
this rule amends ECCN 8A018 to remove all language except cross 
references to the controls for these items in new ``600 series'' ECCNs 
8A609.b and 8A620.d, .e, and .f and in revised USML Category XX.

Changes to the EAR Amendments Proposed in the December 23 (Submersible 
Vessels) Rule

Engines Controlled Under New ECCN 8A620.d

    As previously discussed, the December 23 (submersible vessels) rule 
published by BIS proposed that new ECCN 8A620.d.3 control non-magnetic 
diesel engines having a power output of 50 hp or more, and either of 
the following characteristics: (i) A non-magnetic content exceeding 25 
percent of total weight or (ii) non-magnetic parts other than 
crankcase, block, head, pistons, covers, end plates, valve facings, 
gaskets, and fuel, lubrication and other supply lines. However, because 
these non-magnetic diesel engines are generally designed for use in 
surface vessels, rather than submersible vessels, these engines are now 
controlled under new ECCN 8A609.b, instead. In addition, new ECCN 
8A620.d does not control electric motors, as proposed in the December 
23 (submersible vessels) rule, that are ``specially designed'' for 
submarines and have all of the following: (i) A power output of more 
than 1,000 hp; (ii) quick reversing; (iii) liquid cooled; and (iv) 
totally enclosed. These electric motors are controlled under USML 
Category XX, instead.

[[Page 40908]]

Auxiliary and Miscellaneous Military Equipment

Background

    The May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule described BIS's proposal for 
how it would control auxiliary and miscellaneous military equipment, 
related articles, software and technology under USML Category XIII that 
no longer that no longer warrant control on the USML. That rule 
proposed controlling those items under five new ECCNs. That rule also 
proposed to include in those five new ECCNs items listed in WAML 
category ML17 that would be removed from the USML, or that are not 
specifically identified on the USML or CCL but were subject to USML 
jurisdiction. This final rule is based on the May 18 (auxiliary 
equipment) rule and on a review of the public comments thereon by the 
Departments of Defense, State and Commerce. The period for submitting 
comments on that rule closed July 2, 2012.

Changes Made to Controls on Auxiliary and Miscellaneous Military 
Equipment by This Rule

    This rule implements the proposals of the May 18 (auxiliary 
equipment) rule by creating five new ECCNs to control auxiliary and 
miscellaneous military equipment and related articles the President 
determined no longer warrant control under USML Category XIII 
(Auxiliary Military Equipment) and the integration of certain WAML 
category ML17 items on the CCL as part of the new ``600 series.''
    This rule controls some items that were classified under ECCNs 
0A018, 0A918, and 0E018 now under new ECCNs 0A617 and 0E617.

Comments and Responses to the May 18 (Auxiliary Equipment) Rule

    Three companies submitted comments to BIS regarding the May 18 
(auxiliary equipment) rule. Their comments and BIS's responses are as 
follows.

General Observations

    Comment: One commenter asserted that BIS omitted several items from 
WAML category ML17 in the proposed rule's list of equipment for ECCN 
0A617. Specifically, the commenter said that BIS failed to include 
items in paragraph 17.a self-contained diving and underwater apparatus; 
17.c-.e fittings, field engineer equipment, ``robots''; 17.g-.i. 
nuclear power generating equipment, equipment and material, simulators; 
and 17.o & .p laser protection equipment, ``fuel cells'' in ECCN 0A617.
    Response: The control in the EAR of the WAML category ML17 items 
the commenter identified are described in BIS's May 18 (auxiliary 
equipment) rule and are further described in the ``related items'' to 
0A617 and in 0A617.y.
    Comment: One commenter stated that proposed changes to companion 
USML Category XIII as proposed would result in only a small number of 
items proposed to be moved to the ``600 series'' on the CCL. The 
commenter further stated that jurisdictional clarity would provide few 
benefits for U.S. exporters if items that no longer warrant control as 
munitions items continue to be identified on the USML.
    Response: BIS notes that the purpose of ECR and the resulting 
movement and revision of the list of items from USML categories was not 
intended to be an exercise to decontrol items per se but rather is an 
effort to identify items that need to be controlled on the USML 
consistent with the national security and foreign policy objectives of 
the effort.

ECCN 0A617: Miscellaneous Equipment, Materials, and Related Commodities

    Comment: With regard to paragraph .a of ECCN 0A617 (construction 
equipment), a commenter expressed an expectation that this paragraph 
would control a substantial amount of construction material not 
currently controlled on the USML, subjecting the items to a worldwide 
licensing requirement, except Canada. A simple mobile crane designed to 
fit within a USML-controlled cargo aircraft would be caught simply on 
the basis of size. The commenter went on to say that this would result 
in precisely the type of militarily insignificant equipment that does 
not warrant such a stringent control.
    Response: Upon further review, BIS has determined that such items 
do not warrant controls more than those applicable to 0A617.y and has 
revised the rule by placing construction equipment under paragraph .y 
of ECCN 0A617.
    Comment: One commenter asked that BIS clarify what is covered or is 
meant by the term ``test models,'' as proposed in the May 18 (auxiliary 
equipment) rule to be covered by paragraph .d of ECCN 0A617. The 
commenter went on to say that without the clarification the control 
could have significant licensing impact on all USML-controlled 
programs, as well as some systems in the EAR. As proposed, test models 
could include both physical and standard computer test models/programs. 
Exporters would be required to apply for a license for computer test 
models that simply validate form, fit and function or dynamic physical 
properties of an end item. The commenter recommended that this item be 
deleted. Existing USML and EAR controls are adequate to control 
sensitive test models.
    Response: BIS does not accept the recommendation that test models 
under ECCN 0A617 be deleted. Instead, this rule clarifies in ECCN 
0A617.d what is meant by test models for purposes of that entry, which 
does not control software. To the extent software is controlled, it is 
described in a D group ECCN. In the proposed rule, BIS stated that such 
items are identified in WAML category ML17.n and controlled in relation 
to the defense article they model, such as items in USML Categories 
VII(g) and VIII(h). However, to address the commenter's request for 
further guidance on what is meant by the term test model for purposes 
of complying with the EAR, and to track more closely with the WAML, 
this rule narrows ECCN 0A617.d to control test models for defense 
articles in USML Categories IV, VI, VII and VIII.
    Comment: A commenter recommended that the description of items as 
proposed in the May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule to be covered by then 
paragraph .y.1 of ECCN 0A617 (containers ``specially designed for 
defense articles or items controlled by a ``600 series'') be modified 
if the proposed definition of ``specially designed'' in the June 19 
(specially designed) rule changed or was not adopted. Positive criteria 
are needed for ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' and 
``attachments'' cited in the Federal Register notice. As proposed, the 
wording of 0A617.y.1 would be sufficient only to control containers 
that are part or component of a defense article or ``600 series'' item, 
or an accessory or attachment of such articles if it also enhances the 
article's usefulness or effectiveness.
    Response: The intended scope of paragraph y.1 was to control 
containers as ``end items.'' Containers ``specially designed'' for use 
in or with controlled items may be controlled without being a ``part,'' 
``component,'' ``accessory,'' or ``attachment.'' To refine the scope of 
coverage, in this final rule, BIS revised the description of containers 
to be covered by ECCN 0A617.y.3 by limiting the containers to those 
that are not elsewhere specified on the CCL and that are ``specially 
designed'' for shipping or packing defense articles or ``600 series'' 
items.

[[Page 40909]]

    Comment: A commenter recommended deleting field generators 
``specially designed'' for military use covered by proposed paragraph 
.y.2 in ECCN 0A617. The commenter noted that the Department of State, 
Directorate of Defense Trade Controls determined in in a commodity 
jurisdiction determination that these items were classified under ECCN 
2A994. The commenter added that this existing ECCN for portable 
electric generators and specially designed parts seems to be more 
suitable to control these generators/items.
    Response: BIS does not adopt this recommendation. Items ``specially 
designed'' for military use are to be controlled in ``600 series'' 
items, particularly when listed on the WAML. Thus, BIS will control 
field generators specially designed for military use in 0A617.y. Items 
controlled by 2A994 continue to be controlled by 2A994.

ECCN 0C617 Miscellaneous Materials ``Specially Designed'' for Military 
Use

    Comment: A commenter recommended that specific positive criteria be 
provided in the entry for proposed paragraph .a of ECCN 0C617--
materials, coatings, and treatments for signature suppression, 
``specially designed'' for military use that are not controlled by the 
USML Category XIII or ECCNs 1C001 or 1C101. The commenter stated that 
such criteria are needed to prevent misinterpretation of what is caught 
by the ECCN because the term significant suppression is not defined and 
lacks positive criteria as to what level of suppression would be caught 
by the ECCN. As proposed, use of thicker sheet metal or insulation 
(both are material) to reduce noise level (acoustic signature) could be 
construed as controlled by 0C617.a.
    Response: To clarify the scope of the items covered by paragraph .a 
of ECCN 0C617, BIS revised the description of that paragraph. That 
paragraph now reads ``[m]aterials, coatings and treatments for 
signature suppression, ``specially designed'' for military use to 
reduce detectability or observability and that are not controlled by 
USML Category XIII or ECCNs 1C001 or 1C101.''

Detailed Description of 0Y617 ECCNs Final Provisions Compared to the 
Proposed Rule

New ECCN 0A617: Miscellaneous Equipment, Materials, and Related 
Commodities

    The May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule proposed to include in ECCN 
0A617.a the control of construction equipment ``specially designed'' 
for military use, including such equipment ``specially designed'' for 
transport in aircraft controlled by USML Category VIII(a) or ECCN 
9A610.a; and ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' and 
``attachments'' ``specially designed'' therefor, including crew 
protection kits used as protective cabs. Such items were controlled 
under ECCN 0A018.a as ``construction equipment built to military 
specifications, including equipment specially designed for airborne 
transport; and specially designed parts and accessories for such 
construction equipment, including crew protection kits used as 
protective cabs,'' and are identified in WAML category ML 17.b. In 
response to comment and upon further review, BIS determined that 
construction equipment and ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' 
and ``attachments'' for such equipment, if ``specially designed'' for a 
defense article or ``600 series'' end item appropriately will be 
controlled for anti-terrorism (AT) reasons only by paragraph .y.1 of 
ECCN 0A617. Paragraph .a is reserved.
    As was proposed, ECCN 0A617.b controls concealment and deception 
equipment ``specially designed'' for military application that are not 
controlled in USML Category XIII(g), as well as ``parts,'' 
``components,'' ``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' ``specially 
designed'' therefor.
    ECCN 0A617.c controls ferries, bridges (other than those described 
in ECCN 0A606 or USML Category VII), and pontoons if the ferries, 
bridges or pontoons are ``specially designed'' for military use. 
Although not explicitly named or described on the USML, these items 
were controlled by USML Category VII(g) and identified in WAML category 
ML 17.m.
    In this final rule, ECCN 0A617.d controls test models ``specially 
designed'' for the ``development'' of defense articles controlled by 
the USML in Categories IV, VI, VII and VIII.
    ECCN 0A617.e is reserved. The photointerpretation, stereoscopic 
plotting, and photogrammetry equipment originally proposed to be 
controlled in paragraph .e are retained on the USML.
    ECCN 0A617.f controls ``metal embrittlement agents,'' currently 
controlled by USML Category XIII(i) but not within the scope of the 
revised Category XIII the State Department has proposed. The term 
``metal embrittlement agents'' is defined in the EAR the same way it is 
defined in the ITAR.
    Paragraphs .g through .x are reserved. Unlike other proposed ``600 
series'' ECCN rules previously published as a part of ECR, ECCN 0A617, 
and the other ECCNs in the 0Y617 series, still do not contain a catch-
all control in the ``.x'' subparagraph for all parts and components 
``specially designed'' for items in that category because neither USML 
Category XIII nor WAML category ML17 contain such a catch-all for 
auxiliary or miscellaneous military equipment. To the extent a part or 
component is controlled in this ECCN, it is described in the applicable 
subparagraphs.
    Paragraph .y controls other commodities, as listed in the .y 
subparagraphs. However, in the May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule, BIS 
proposed that ECCN 0A617.y.1 would control containers ``specially 
designed'' for military use, which are currently identified in WAML 
category ML 17.i. ECCN 0A617.y.2 would control military field 
generators, which are currently identified in WAML category ML 17.k. 
ECCN 0A617.y.3 would control military power-controlled searchlights and 
related items. Such items were classified under ECCN 0A918.a as 
``miscellaneous military equipment.''
    In this final rule, ECCN 0A617.y.1 controls construction equipment 
``specially designed'' for military use, including such equipment 
``specially designed'' for transport in aircraft controlled by USML 
Category VIII(a) or ECCN 9A610.a. ``Parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' ``specially designed'' therefor, 
including crew protection kits used as protective cabs, are controlled 
in 0A617.y.2.
    Containers ``specially designed'' for military use, which are 
currently identified in WAML category ML17.l, are controlled by ECCN 
0A617.y.3. Military field generators, which are currently identified in 
WAML category ML17.k, are controlled by ECCN 0A617.y.4. Military power-
controlled searchlights and related items are controlled by ECCN 
0A617.y.5. Such items were classified under ECCN 0A918.a as 
``miscellaneous military equipment.''
    Finally, as noted in the May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule, to the 
extent an item referred to in WAML category ML17 is already clearly 
controlled in another existing USML Category or ECCN, then the 
``related controls'' note at the beginning of proposed ECCN 0A617 
identifies where in the CCL or the USML it is controlled.

[[Page 40910]]

New ECCN 0B617: ``Equipment'' ``specially designed'' for commodities 
controlled by ECCN 0A617 or USML Category XIII

    Consistent with the April 16 (initial implementation) rule, ECCN 
0B617.a controls test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' not 
controlled by USML Category XIII(k) ``specially designed'' for the 
``production,'' ``development,'' repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of 
commodities enumerated in ECCN 0A617 (except for 0A617.y) or USML 
Category XIII, and ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' and 
``attachments'' ``specially designed'' therefor. Paragraph .b is 
reserved.
    A note to 0B617 explains that field engineer equipment ``specially 
designed'' for use in a combat zone and mobile repair shops ``specially 
designed or modified to service military equipment, which are 
identified in WAML category ML17.d and 17.j,'' respectively, are 
classified under ECCN 0B617 to the extent that the items are not 
included in USML XIII(k).

New ECCN 0C617: Miscellaneous Materials ``Specially Designed'' for 
Military Use

    ECCN 0C617.a controls materials, coatings and treatments for 
signature suppression, ``specially designed'' for military use to 
reduce detectability or observability and that are not controlled by 
the USML or ECCNs 1C001 or 1C101. The May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule 
listed the units in which commodities controlled by this ECCN would be 
licensed as ``End items in number; parts, components, accessories and 
attachments in $ value.'' This final rule replaces that sentence with 
``$ value,'' which is the unit used for licensing materials in other 
ECCNs. Unchanged from the May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule, paragraph 
.b is reserved.

New ECCN 0D617: ``Software'' ``Specially Designed'' for Items 
Controlled by ECCN 0A617, 0B617 or 0C617

    Consistent with the April 16 (initial implementation) rule, ECCN 
0D617.a controls ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation or maintenance of 
commodities controlled by ECCN 0A617, ``equipment'' controlled by ECCN 
0B617, or materials controlled by ECCN 0C617 as described in the 
proposed rule. Paragraphs .b through .x are reserved.
    Consistent with the other implemented ``600 series'' software 
controls, the .y paragraphs for ECCN 0D617 controls specific 
``software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``production,'' 
``development,'' operation or maintenance of commodities controlled by 
ECCN 0A617.y.

New ECCN 0E617: ``Technology'' ``Required'' for Items Controlled by 
ECCN 0A617, 0B617, 0C617 or 0D617

    As provided in the May 18 (auxiliary equipment) rule, ECCN 0E617.a 
controls ``technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul 
or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 0A617, ``equipment'' 
controlled by ECCN 0B617, materials controlled by ECCN 0C617, or 
``software'' controlled by ECCN 0D617. Items controlled by ECCN 0E617 
include ``technology'' previously in ECCN 0E018 for the ``production'' 
of crew protection kits used as protective cabs (previously in ECCN 
0A018.a and proposed for ECCN 0A617). Paragraphs .b through .x are 
reserved.
    Subparagraph .y. of ECCN 0E617 controls specific ``technology'' 
``required'' for the ``production,'' ``development,'' operation, 
installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul or refurbishing of items 
controlled by ECCNs 0A617.y or 0D617.y. ECCN 0E617.y.1 controls 
``technology'' for military power-controlled searchlights and related 
items, which would be classified under ECCN 0A617.y.5, instead of .y.3 
as originally proposed, (moving from ECCN 0A918.a). The ``technology'' 
for such items is classified under ECCN 0E617.y.

Regulatory Requirements

    1. Executive Orders 13563 and 12866 direct agencies to assess all 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distribute impacts, and equity). Executive 
Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and 
benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting 
flexibility. This rule has been designated a ``significant regulatory 
action,'' although not economically significant, under section 3(f) of 
Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, the rule has been reviewed by the 
Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
    2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person is 
required to respond to, nor is subject to a penalty for failure to 
comply with, a collection of information, subject to the requirements 
of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) (PRA), 
unless that collection of information displays a currently valid OMB 
control number. This final rule would affect the following approved 
collections: Simplified Network Application Processing System (control 
number 0694-0088), which includes, among other things, license 
applications; license exceptions (0694-0137); voluntary self-disclosure 
of violations (0694-0058); recordkeeping (0694-0096); export clearance 
(0694-0122); and the Automated Export System (0607-0152).
    As stated in the July 15 (framework) rule, BIS believed that the 
combined effect of all rules to be published adding items to the EAR 
that would be removed from the ITAR as part of the administration's 
Export Control Reform Initiative would increase the number of license 
applications to be submitted to BIS by approximately 16,000 annually. 
As the review of the USML progressed, the interagency group gained more 
specific information about the number of items that would come under 
BIS jurisdiction. As of the June 21 (transition) rule, BIS estimated 
the increase in license applications to be 30,000 annually, resulting 
in an increase in burden hours of 8,500 (30,000 transactions at 17 
minutes each) under control number 0694-0088. BIS continues to review 
its estimate of this level of increase as more information becomes 
available. As described below, the net burden U.S. export controls 
impose on U.S. exporters will go down as a result of the transfer of 
less sensitive military items to the jurisdiction of the CCL and the 
application of the license exceptions and other provisions set forth in 
this rule.
    Some items formerly on the USML will become eligible for License 
Exception STA under this rule. Other such items may become eligible for 
License Exception STA upon approval of an eligibility request. BIS 
believes that the increased use of License Exception STA resulting from 
the combined effect of all rules to be published adding items to the 
EAR that would be removed from the ITAR as part of the administration's 
Export Control Reform Initiative would increase the burden associated 
with control number 0694-0137 by about 14,758 hours (12,650 
transactions at 1 hour and 10 minutes each). BIS expects that this 
increase in burden would be more than offset by a reduction in burden 
hours associated with approved collections related to the ITAR.

[[Page 40911]]

    3. This rule does not contain policies with Federalism implications 
as that term is defined under E.O. 13132.
    4. The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), as amended by the Small 
Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA), 5 U.S.C. 
601 et seq., generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory 
flexibility analysis of any rule subject to the notice and comment 
rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 
U.S.C. 553) or any other statute, unless the agency certifies that the 
rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities. Under section 605(b) of the RFA, however, if 
the head of an agency certifies that a rule will not have a significant 
impact on a substantial number of small entities, the statute does not 
require the agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis. 
Pursuant to section 605(b), the Chief Counsel for Regulations, 
Department of Commerce, certified to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy 
that this rule would not have a significant impact on a substantial 
number of small entities. The rationale for that certification was 
stated in the preambles to proposed rules at 76 FR 76085, 76091, 
December 6, 2011; 76 FR 80282, 80287, December 23, 2011; 76 FR 80291, 
80298, December 23, 2011; and 77 FR 29564, 29570, May 18, 2012. BIS 
received no comments on that rationale and is making no changes to it 
for this final rule. Therefore, it is not repeated here.

List of Subjects

15 CFR Part 740

    Administrative practice and procedure, Exports, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

15 CFR Part 742

    Exports, Terrorism.

15 CFR Parts 770 and 772

    Exports.

15 CFR Part 774

    Exports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, the Export Administration 
Regulations (15 CFR parts 730-774) are amended as follows:

PART 740--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 740 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 50 U.S.C. app. 2401 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 
22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., 
p. 228; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Notice 
of August 15, 2012, 77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012).


0
2. Section 740.20 is amended by revising paragraphs (b)(3)(iii) and 
(g)(1), as added April 16, 2013, at 78 FR 22718, effective October 15, 
2013, to read as follows:


Sec.  740.20  License Exception Strategic Trade Authorization (STA).

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (iii) License Exception STA may not be used to export, reexport, or 
transfer (in-country) end items described in ECCN 0A606.a, ECCN 
8A609.a, ECCN 8A620.a or .b, or ECCN 9A610.a until after BIS has 
approved their export under STA under the procedures set out in Sec.  
740.20(g).
* * * * *
    (g) * * *
    (1) Applicability. Any person may request License Exception STA 
eligibility for end items described in ECCN 0A606.a, ECCN 8A609.a, ECCN 
8A620.a or .b, or ECCN 9A610.a.
* * * * *

PART 742--[AMENDED]

0
3. The authority citation paragraph for part 742 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 50 U.S.C. app. 2401 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 
22 U.S.C. 3201 et seq.; 42 U.S.C. 2139a; 22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; 22 
U.S.C. 7210; Sec 1503, Pub. L. 108-11, 117 Stat. 559; E.O. 12058, 43 
FR 20947, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 179; E.O. 12851, 58 FR 33181, 3 CFR, 
1993 Comp., p. 608; E.O. 12938, 59 FR 59099, 3 CFR, 1994 Comp., p. 
950; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13222, 
66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Presidential Determination 
2003-23 of May 7, 2003, 68 FR 26459, May 16, 2003; Notice of Notice 
of August 15, 2012, 77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012); Notice of 
November 1, 2012, 77 FR 66513 (November 5, 2012).


0
4. Section 742.6 is amended by revising paragraph (a)(4)(i) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  742.6  Regional stability.

    (a) * * *
    (4) * * *
    (i) License Requirements Applicable to Most RS Column 2 Items. As 
indicated in the CCL and in RS Column 2 of the Commerce Country Chart 
(see Supplement No. 1 to part 738 of the EAR), a license is required to 
any destination except Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and countries in 
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) for all items in ECCNs on 
the CCL that include RS Column 2 in the Country Chart column of the 
``License Requirements'' section.
* * * * *

PART 770--[AMENDED]

0
5. The authority citation paragraph for part 770 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 50 U.S.C. app. 2401 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 
E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Notice of August 
15, 2012, 77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012).


Sec.  770.2  [Amended]

0
6. Section 770.2 is amended by removing and reserving paragraph (h).

PART 772--[AMENDED]

0
7. The authority citation for part 772 continues to read as follows:

     Authority: 50 U.S.C. app. 2401 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 
E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Notice of August 
15, 2012, 77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012).

0
8. Section 772.1 is amended by adding a definition for ``metal 
embrittlement agents'' in alphabetical order to read as follows:


Sec.  772.1  Definitions of terms as used in the Export Administration 
Regulations (EAR).

* * * * *
    Metal embrittlement agents. (Cat. 0)--Non-lethal weapon substances 
that alter the crystal structure of metals within a short time span. 
Metal embrittlement agents severely weaken metals by chemically 
changing their molecular structure. These agents are compounded in 
various substances to include adhesives, liquids, aerosols, foams, and 
lubricants.
* * * * *

PART 774--[AMENDED]

0
9. The authority citation for part 774 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  50 U.S.C. app. 2401 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 
10 U.S.C. 7420; 10 U.S.C. 7430(e); 22 U.S.C. 287c, 22 U.S.C. 3201 et 
seq., 22 U.S.C. 6004; 30 U.S.C. 185(s), 185(u); 42 U.S.C. 2139a; 42 
U.S.C. 6212; 43 U.S.C. 1354; 15 U.S.C. 1824a; 50 U.S.C. app. 5; 22 
U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 7210; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 
1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 
783; Notice of August 15, 2012, 77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012).


0
10. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items]--Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 0A018 
is amended by:
0
a. Adding a sentence to the end of the Related Controls paragraph in 
the List of Items Controlled section as set forth below; and

[[Page 40912]]

0
b. Removing and reserving paragraph .a in the Items paragraph of the 
List of Items Controlled section:

0A018 Items on the Wassenaar Munitions List
* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Unit: * * *

Related Controls: * * * (1) See 0A979, 0A988, and 22 CFR 121.1 
Categories I(a), III(b-d), and X(a). (2) See ECCN 0A617.y.1 and .y.2 
for items formerly controlled by ECCN 0A018.a.

Related Definitions: * * *
Items:
    a. [RESERVED].
* * * * *

0
11. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items] add new ECCNs 0A606 and 0A617 between ECCNs 0A521 
and 0A918 to read as follows:

    0A606 Ground vehicles and related commodities, as follows (see 
List of Items Controlled): License Requirements

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 0A606.b  NS Column 1
 and .y.
NS applies to 0A606.b.....................  NS Column 2
RS applies to entire entry, except 0A606.b  RS Column 1
 and .y.
RS applies to 0A606.b.....................  RS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 0A606.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: (1) Paragraph (c)(1) of License Exception STA (Sec.  
740.20(c)(1) of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 0A606.a, 
unless determined by BIS to be eligible for License Exception STA in 
accordance with Sec.  740.20(g) (License Exception STA eligibility 
requests for ``600 series'' end items). (2) Paragraph (c)(2) of 
License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) of the EAR) may not be 
used for any item in 0A606.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: Equipment in number; ``parts'', ``components'', 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' in $ value
Related Controls: (1) The ground vehicles, other articles, technical 
data (including software) and services described in 22 CFR part 121, 
Category VII are subject to the jurisdiction of the International 
Traffic in Arms Regulations. (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made 
``military commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis 
amount of U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Ground vehicles, whether manned or unmanned, ``specially 
designed'' for a military use and not enumerated in USML Category 
VII.

    Note 1 to paragraph .a: For purposes of paragraph .a, ``ground 
vehicles'' include (i) tanks and armored vehicles manufactured prior 
to 1956 that have not been modified since 1955 and that do not 
contain a functional weapon or a weapon capable of becoming 
functional through repair; (ii) military railway trains except those 
that are armed or are ``specially designed'' to launch missiles; 
(iii) unarmored military recovery and other support vehicles; (iv) 
unarmored, unarmed vehicles with mounts or hard points for firearms 
of .50 caliber or less; and (iv) trailers ``specially designed'' for 
use with other ground vehicles enumerated in USML Category VII or 
ECCN 0A606.a, and not separately enumerated in USML Category VII. 
For purposes of this note, the term ``modified'' does not include 
incorporation of safety features required by law, cosmetic changes 
(e.g., different paint or repositioning of bolt holes)or addition of 
``parts'' or ``components'' available prior to 1956.


    Note 2 to paragraph .a: A ground vehicle's being ``specially 
designed'' for military use for purposes of determining controls 
under paragraph .a. entails a structural, electrical or mechanical 
feature involving one or more components that are ``specially 
designed'' for military use. Such components include:

    a. Pneumatic tire casings of a kind specially designed to be 
bullet-proof;
    b. Armored protection of vital parts, (e.g., fuel tanks or 
vehicle cabs);
    c. Special reinforcements or mountings for weapons;
    d. Black-out lighting.
    b. Other ground vehicles, ``parts'' and ``components,'' as 
follows:
    b.1. Unarmed vehicles that are derived from civilian vehicles 
and that have all of the following:
    b.1.a. Manufactured or fitted with materials or components other 
than reactive or electromagnetic armor to provide ballistic 
protection to level III (National Institute of Justice standard 
0108.01, September 1985) or better;
    b.1.b. A transmission to provide drive to both front and rear 
wheels simultaneously, including those vehicles having additional 
wheels for load bearing purposes whether driven or not;
    b.1.c. Gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 4,500 kg; 
and
    b.1.d. Designed or modified for off-road use.
    b.2. ``Parts'' and ``components'' having all of the following:
    b.2.a. ``Specially designed'' for vehicles specified in 
paragraph .b.1 of this entry; and
    b.2.b. Providing ballistic protection to level III (National 
Institute of Justice standard 0108.01, September 1985) or better.

    Note 1 to paragraph b: Ground vehicles otherwise controlled by 
0A606.b.1 that contain reactive or electromagnetic armor are subject 
to the controls of USML Category VII.


    Note 2 to paragraph b: ECCN 0A606.b.1 does not control civilian 
vehicles ``specially designed'' for transporting money or valuables.


    Note 3 to paragraph b: ``Unarmed'' means not having installed 
weapons, installed mountings for weapons, or special reinforcements 
for mounts for weapons.

    c. Air-cooled diesel engines and engine blocks for armored 
vehicles that weigh more than 40 tons.
    d. Fully automatic continuously variable transmissions for 
tracked combat vehicles.
    e. Deep water fording kits ``specially designed'' for ground 
vehicles controlled by ECCN 0A606.a or USML Category VII.
    f. Self-launching bridge components not enumerated in USML 
Category VII(g) ``specially designed'' for deployment by ground 
vehicles enumerated in USML Category VII or this ECCN.
    g. through w. [RESERVED]
    x. ``Parts'', ``components'', ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' that are ``specially designed'' for a commodity 
enumerated in ECCN 0A606 (other than 0A606.b or 0A606.y) or a 
defense article enumerated in USML Category VII and not elsewhere 
specified on the USML or in 0A606.y.

    Note 1: Forgings, castings, and other unfinished products, such 
as extrusions and machined bodies, that have reached a stage in 
manufacture where they are clearly identifiable by mechanical 
properties, material composition, geometry, or function as 
commodities controlled by ECCN 0A606.x are controlled by ECCN 
0A606.x.


    Note 2: ``Parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' enumerated in USML paragraph VII(g) are subject to 
the controls of that paragraph. ``Parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' enumerated in ECCN 0A606.y are 
subject to the controls of that paragraph.

    y. Specific ``parts'', ``components'', ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' ``specially designed'' for a commodity enumerated in 
this ECCN (other than ECCN 0A606.b) or for a defense article in USML 
Category VII and not elsewhere specified on the USML or the CCL, as 
follows:
    y.1. Brake discs, rotors, drums, calipers, cylinders, pads, 
shoes, lines, hoses, vacuum boosters, and parts therefor;
    y.2. Alternators and generators;
    y.3. Axles;
    y.4. Batteries;
    y.5. Bearings (e.g., ball, roller, wheel);
    y.6. Cables, cable assembles, and connectors;
    y.7. Cooling system hoses;
    y.8. Hydraulic, fuel, oil, and air filters, other than those 
controlled by ECCN 1A004;
    y.9. Gaskets and o-rings;
    y.10. Hydraulic system hoses, fittings, couplings, adapters, and 
valves;
    y.11. Latches and hinges;

[[Page 40913]]

    y.12. Lighting systems, fuses, and components;
    y.13. Pneumatic hoses, fittings, adapters, couplings, and 
valves;
    y.14. Seats, seat assemblies, seat supports, and harnesses;
    y.15 Tires, except run flat; and
    y.16 Windows, except those for armored vehicles.

0A617 Miscellaneous ``equipment,'' materials, and related 
commodities (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 0A617.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 0A617.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 0A617.y  See Sec.   764.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 0A617.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: ``End items'' in number; ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' in $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Defense articles, such as materials made from 
classified information, that are controlled by USML Category XIII, 
and technical data (including software) directly related thereto, 
are subject to the ITAR. (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made 
``military commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis 
amount of U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content. (3) For 
controls on self-contained diving and underwater swimming apparatus 
and related commodities, see ECCN 8A620.f. (4) For controls on 
robots, robot controllers, and robot end-effectors, see USML 
Category VII and ECCNs 0A606 and 2B007. (5) ``Libraries,'' i.e., 
parametric technical databases, ``specially designed'' for military 
use with equipment controlled by the USML or a ``600 series'' ECCN 
are controlled by the technical data and technology controls 
pertaining to such items. (6) For controls on nuclear power 
generating equipment or propulsion equipment, including ``nuclear 
reactors,'' ``specially designed'' for military use, and parts and 
components ``specially designed'' therefor, see USML Categories VI, 
XIII, XV, and XX. (7) Simulators ``specially designed'' for military 
``nuclear reactors'' are controlled by USML Category IX(b). (8) See 
USML Categories X, XI and XII for laser protection equipment (e.g., 
eye and sensor protection) ``specially designed'' for military use. 
(9) ``Fuel cells'' ``specially designed'' for a defense article not 
on the USML or a commodity controlled by a ``600 series'' ECCN are 
controlled according to the corresponding ``600 series'' ECCN for 
such end items. (10) See USML Category XV for controls on fuel cells 
specially designed for satellite or spacecraft.
Items:

    a. [RESERVED]
    b. Concealment and deception equipment ``specially designed'' 
for military application, including special paints, decoys, smoke or 
obscuration equipment and simulators, and ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' ``specially designed'' 
therefor, not controlled by USML Category XIII.
    c. Ferries, bridges (other than those described in ECCN 0A606 or 
USML Category VII), and pontoons, ``specially designed'' for 
military use.
    d. Test models ``specially designed'' for the ``development'' of 
defense articles controlled by USML Categories IV, VI, VII and VIII.
    e. [RESERVED]
    f. ``Metal embrittlement agents.''
    g. through x. [RESERVED]
    y. Other commodities as follows:
    y.1. Construction equipment ``specially designed'' for military 
use, including such equipment ``specially designed'' for transport 
in aircraft controlled by USML VIII(a) or ECCN 9A610.a.
    y.2. ``Parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' and 
``attachments'' ``specially designed'' for commodities in paragraph 
.y.1 of this entry, including crew protection kits used as 
protective cabs.
    y.3. Containers, n.e.s., ``specially designed'' for shipping or 
packing defense articles or items controlled by a ``600 series'' 
ECCN.
    y.4. Field generators ``specially designed'' for military use.
    y.5. Power controlled searchlights and control units therefor, 
``specially designed'' for military use, and ``equipment'' mounting 
such units.


0
12. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items], Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 0A918 
is amended by:
0
a. revising the License Exceptions section; and
0
b. revising the List of Items Controlled section, to read as follows:

0A918 Miscellaneous Military Equipment Not on the Wassenaar 
Munitions List (see List of Items Controlled).
* * * * *

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A

List of Items Controlled

Unit: In Number.
Related Controls: See ECCN 0A617.y.5 for items formerly controlled 
by ECCN 0A918.a.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: Bayonets.



0
13. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items], add new ECCNs 0B606 and 0B617 between ECCNs 0B521 
and 0B986 to read as follows:

0B606 Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' and related 
commodities, not enumerated on the USML, ``specially designed'' for 
the ``development,'' ``production'' repair, overhaul, or 
refurbishing of commodities enumerated in ECCN 0A606 or USML 
Category VII (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry................  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry................  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry................  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 0B606.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: Equipment in units. ``Parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' in $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Ground vehicles, other articles, technical 
data (including software) and services described in 22 CFR part 121, 
Category VII are subject to the jurisdiction of the International 
Traffic in Arms Regulations. (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made 
``military commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis 
amount of U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:

    a. Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' ``specially 
designed'' for the ``development,'' ``production,'' repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities enumerated in ECCN 0A606 
(except for 0A606.b or 0A606.y) or in USML Category VII, and 
``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' 
``specially designed'' therefor.

    Note 1: ECCN 0B606 includes (i) armor plate drilling machines, 
other than radial drilling machines, (ii) armor plate planing 
machines, (iii) armor plate quenching presses; and (iv) tank turret 
bearing grinding machines.

    b. Environmental test facilities ``specially designed'' for the 
certification, qualification, or testing of commodities enumerated 
in ECCN 0A606 (except for 0A606.b or 0A606.y) or in USML Category 
VII, and ``equipment'' ``specially designed'' therefor.


[[Page 40914]]


0B617 Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' and related 
commodities ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities 
enumerated in ECCN 0A617 or USML Category XIII, and ``parts,'' 
``components,'' ``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' ``specially 
designed'' therefor (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry................  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry................  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry................  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 0B617.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: ``Equipment'' in number; ``parts,'' ``component,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' in $ value.
Related Controls: See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military 
commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of 
U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a . Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' not 
controlled by USML Category XIII(k) ``specially designed'' for the 
``production,'' ``development,'' repair, overhaul, or refurbishing 
of commodities enumerated in ECCN 0A617, (except for 0A617.y) or 
USML Category XIII, and ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories,'' 
and ``attachments'' ``specially designed'' therefor.
    b. [RESERVED].

    Note: Field engineer equipment ``specially designed'' for use in 
a combat zone, identified in the Wassenaar Arrangement Munitions 
List 17.d, and mobile repair shops ``specially designed'' or 
modified to service military equipment, identified in Wassenaar 
Arrangement Munitions List 17.j, are controlled by 0B617 to the 
extent that the items are not included in USML Category XIII(k).


0
14. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items], add new ECCNs 0C606 and 0C617 after ECCN 0C521 to 
read as follows:

0C606 Materials ``specially designed'' for commodities controlled by 
ECCN 0A606 not elsewhere specified in the USML (see List of Items 
Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry................  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry................  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry................  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 0C606.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Materials that are subject to the jurisdiction 
of the ITAR are described in USML Category XIII. (2) See ECCN 0A919 
for foreign-made ``military commodities'' that incorporate more than 
a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled 
content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: Materials ``specially designed'' for commodities enumerated 
in ECCN 0A606 (other than 0A606.b or 0A606.y) or USML Category VII, 
not elsewhere specified in the USML or the CCL.

    Note:  Materials ``specially designed'' for both ground vehicles 
enumerated in USML Category VII and ground vehicles enumerated in 
ECCN 0A606 are subject to the controls of this ECCN unless 
identified in USML Category VII(g) as being subject to the controls 
of that paragraph.


0C617 Miscellaneous Materials ``Specially Designed'' for Military 
Use (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry................  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry................  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry................  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 0C617.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) For controls on other signature suppression 
materials, see USML Category XIII and ECCNs 1C001 and 1C101. (2) See 
ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military commodities'' that 
incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin ``600 
series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. Materials, coatings and treatments for signature suppression, 
``specially designed'' for military use to reduce detectability or 
observability and that are not controlled by USML Category XIII or 
ECCNs 1C001 or 1C101.
    b. [RESERVED].


0
15. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items], add new ECCNs 0D606 and 0D617 after 0D521 to read 
as follows:

0D606 ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, or maintenance of ground vehicles and 
related commodities controlled by 0A606, 0B606, or 0C606 (see List 
of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 0D606.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 0D606.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 0D606.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any software in 0D606.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Software directly related to articles 
enumerated in USML Category VII are subject to the controls of USML 
paragraph VII(h). (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign made ``military 
commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of 
U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled 
by ECCN 0A606 (except for ECCNs 0A606.b or 0A606.y).
    b. through x. [RESERVED]
    y. Specific ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``production,'' ``development,'' operation, or maintenance of 
commodities enumerated in ECCN 0A606.y.

0D617 ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,''

[[Page 40915]]

operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled by 0A617, 
``equipment'' controlled by 0B617, or materials controlled by 0C617 
(see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 0D617.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 0D617.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 0D617.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any ``software'' in 0D617.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) ``Software'' directly related to articles 
controlled by USML Category XIII is subject to the control of USML 
paragraph XIII(l). (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military 
commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of 
U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. ``Software'' (other than ``software'' controlled in paragraph 
.y of this entry) ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation or maintenance of commodities controlled 
by ECCNs 0A617 (except 0A617.y), 0B617, or 0C617.
    b. to x. [RESERVED].
    y. Specific ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``production,'' ``development,'' operation or maintenance of 
commodities controlled by ECCN 0A617.y.


0
16. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items]--ECCN 0E018 is amended by adding a note at the end 
of the entry to read as follows:

0E018 ``Technology'' for the ``development,'' ``production,'' or 
``use'' of items controlled by 0A018.
* * * * *

    Note: This ECCN no longer controls ``technology'' for items 
formerly controlled by 0A018.a See ECCN 0A617.y.1 and.y.1.a for 
items formerly controlled by 0A018.a and see the ``technology'' 
controls for those items in ECCN 0E617.y.



0
17. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 0--Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and 
Miscellaneous Items] add new ECCNs 0E606 and 0E617 between ECCNs 0E521 
and 0E918 to read as follows:

0E606 ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of ground vehicles and related commodities 
in 0A606, 0B606, 0C606, or software in 0D606 (see List of Items 
Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 0E606.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 0E606.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 0E606.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any technology in 0D606.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: N/A
Related Controls: Technical data directly related to articles 
enumerated in USML Category VII are subject to the controls of USML 
paragraph VII(h).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities enumerated in ECCN 0A606 
(except for ECCNs 0A606.b or 0A606.y).
    b. through x. [RESERVED]
    y. Specific ``technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul or refurbishing of commodities or software in ECCN 0A606.y 
or 0D606.y.

0E617 ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 0A617, 
``equipment controlled by 0B617, or materials controlled by 0C617, 
or ``software'' controlled by ECCN 0D617 (see List of Items 
Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 0E617.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 0E617.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 0E617.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any technology in 0E617.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: Technical data directly related to articles 
controlled by USML Category XIII are subject to the control of USML 
paragraph XIII(l).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. ``Technology'' (other than ``technology'' controlled by 
paragraph .y of this entry) ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities or ``software'' controlled 
by ECCN 0A617 (except 0A617.y), 0B617, 0C617, or 0D617 (except 
0D617.y).
    b. through x. [RESERVED].
    y. Specific ``technology'' ``required'' for the ``production,'' 
``development,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 0A617.y 
or ``software'' controlled by 0D617.y.


0
18. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 8--Marine, ECCN 8A018 is revised to read as follows:

8A018 Items on the Wassenaar Arrangement Munitions List.

    No items currently are in this ECCN. See ECCN 8A609 for engines and 
propulsion systems and specially designed components therefor that, 
immediately prior to January 6, 2014, were classified under ECCN 
8A018.b.3. See ECCN 8A620 for closed and semi-closed circuit 
(rebreathing) apparatus, engines and propulsion systems for submersible 
vessels (diesel engines of 1,500 hp and over with rotary speed of 700 
rpm or over ``specially designed'' for submarines), submarine and 
torpedo nets, and specially designed components therefor that, 
immediately prior to January 6, 2014, were classified under ECCN 
8A018.a, .b.1, or .b.4, respectively. See ECCNs 8A001, 8A002 and 8A992 
for controls on non-military submersible vehicles, oceanographic and 
associated equipment. See USML Category XX (22 CFR part 121) for 
electric motors specially designed for submarines that, immediately 
prior to

[[Page 40916]]

January 6, 2014, were classified under ECCN 8A018.b.2.


0
19. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 8--Marine, add new ECCNs 8A609 and 8A620 between ECCNs 8A018 
and 8A918 to read as follows:

8A609 Surface vessels of war and related commodities (see List of 
Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 8A609.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 8A609.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 8A609.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: (1) Paragraph (c)(1) of License Exception STA (Sec.  
740.20(c)(1) of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 8A609.a, 
unless determined by BIS to be eligible for License Exception STA in 
accordance with Sec.  740.20(g) (License Exception STA eligibility 
requests for ``600 series'' end items). (2) Paragraph (c)(2) of 
License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) of the EAR) may not be 
used for any item in 8A609.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: Equipment or ``end items'' in number; ``parts,'' 
``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' in $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Surface vessels of war and special naval 
equipment, and technical data (including software), and services 
directly related thereto, described in 22 CFR part 121, Category VI, 
Surface Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment, are subject to 
the jurisdiction of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations. 
(2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military commodities'' that 
incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin ``600 
series'' controlled content. (3) For controls on diesel engines and 
electric motors for surface vessels of war subject to the EAR, see 
ECCN 8A992.g. (4) For controls on military gas turbine engines and 
related items for vessels of war, see ECCN 9A619.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:

    a. Surface vessels of war ``specially designed'' for a military 
use and not enumerated in the USML.

    Note 1: 8A609.a includes: (i) Underway replenishment ships; (ii) 
surface vessel and submarine tender and repair ships, except vessels 
that are ``specially designed'' to support naval nuclear propulsion 
plants; (iii) non-submersible submarine rescue ships; (iv) other 
auxiliaries (e.g., AGDS, AGF, AGM, AGOR, AGOS, AH, AP, ARL, AVB, 
AVM, and AVT); (v) amphibious warfare craft, except those that are 
armed; and (vi) unarmored and unarmed coastal, patrol, roadstead, 
and Coast Guard and other patrol craft with mounts or hard points 
for firearms of .50 caliber or less.


    Note 2:  For purposes of paragraph .a, surface vessels of war 
includes vessels ``specially designed'' for military use that are 
not identified in paragraph (a) of ITAR Sec.  121.15, including any 
demilitarized vessels, regardless of origin or designation, 
manufactured prior to 1950 and that have not been modified since 
1949. For purposes of this note, the term modified does not include 
incorporation of safety features required by law, cosmetic changes 
(e.g., different paint), or the addition of ``parts'' or 
``components'' available prior to 1950.

    b. Non-magnetic diesel engines with a power output of 50 hp or 
more and either of the following:
    b.1. Non-magnetic content exceeding 25% of total weight; or
    b.2. Non-magnetic parts other than crankcase, block, head, 
pistons, covers, end plates, valve facings, gaskets, and fuel, 
lubrication and other supply lines.
    c. through w. [RESERVED]
    x. ``Parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' that are ``specially designed'' for a commodity 
enumerated in ECCN 8A609 (except for 8A609.y) or a defense article 
enumerated in USML Category VI and not specified elsewhere on the 
USML or in 8A609.y.

    Note 1: Forgings, castings, and other unfinished products, such 
as extrusions and machined bodies, that have reached a stage in 
manufacturing where they are clearly identifiable by mechanical 
properties, material composition, geometry, or function as 
commodities controlled by ECCN 8A609.x are controlled by ECCN 
8A609.x.


    Note 2: ``Parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' specified in USML subcategory VI(f) are subject to 
the controls of that paragraph. ``Parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' specified in ECCN 8A609.y are 
subject to the controls of that paragraph.

    y. Specific ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' ``specially designed'' for a commodity subject to 
control in this ECCN or for a defense article in USML Category VI 
and not elsewhere specified in the USML, as follows:
    y.1. Public address (PA) systems;
    y.2. Filters and filter assemblies, hoses, lines, fittings, 
couplings, and brackets for pneumatic, hydraulic, oil and fuel 
systems;
    y.3. Galleys;
    y.4. Lavatories;
    y.5. Magnetic compass, magnetic azimuth detector;
    y.6. Medical facilities;
    y.7. Potable water tanks, filters, valves, hoses, lines, 
fittings, couplings, and brackets;
    y.8. Panel knobs, indicators, switches, buttons, and dials 
whether unfiltered or filtered for use with night vision imaging 
systems;;
    y.9. Emergency lighting;
    y.10. Gauges and indicators;
    y.11. Audio selector panels.

8A620 Submersible vessels, oceanographic and associated commodities 
(see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 8A620.   NS Column 1
 b and .y.
RS applies to entire entry, except 8A620.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 8A620.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: (1) Paragraph (c)(1) of License Exception STA (Sec.  
740.20(c)(1) of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 8A620.a or 
.b, unless determined by BIS to be eligible for License Exception 
STA in accordance with Sec.  740.20(g) (License Exception STA 
eligibility requests for ``600 series'' end items). (2) Paragraph 
(c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) of the EAR) may 
not be used for any item in 8A620.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: Equipment in number; ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' in $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Submersible vessels, oceanographic and 
associated equipment, and technical data (including software), and 
services directly related thereto, described in 22 CFR part 121, 
Category XX, Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic and Associated 
Equipment, are subject to the jurisdiction of the International 
Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). ``Parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' ``specially designed'' for 
defense articles in USML Category XX are controlled under USML sub-
category XX(c). (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military 
commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of 
U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content. (3) For controls on 
non-military submersible vehicles, oceanographic and associated 
equipment, see ECCNs 8A001, 8A002, and 8A992. (4) See ECCN 8A609 for 
controls on non-magnetic diesel engines with a power output of 50 hp 
or more and either: (i) non-magnetic content exceeding 25% of total 
weight; or (ii) non-magnetic parts other than crankcase, block, 
head, pistons, covers, end plates, valve facings, gaskets, and fuel, 
lubrication and other supply lines.

[[Page 40917]]

Related Definitions: N/A
Items:

    a. Submersible and semi-submersible vessels ``specially 
designed'' for a military use and not enumerated in the USML.

    Note: 8A620.a includes submarine rescue vehicles and Deep 
Submergence Vehicles (DSV).

    b. Submersible and semi-submersible vessels ``specially 
designed'' for cargo transport and ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' ``specially designed'' 
therefor.
    c. Harbor entrance detection devices (magnetic, pressure, and 
acoustic) and controls therefor, not elsewhere specified on the USML 
or the CCL.
    d. Diesel engines of 1,500 hp and over with rotary speed of 700 
rpm or over ``specially designed'' for submarines.

    Note: Propulsion systems not specified in ECCN 8A620.d that are 
``specially designed'' for an article controlled by USML Category XX 
are controlled by USML XX(b) or (c).

    e. Submarine nets and torpedo nets.
    f. Closed and semi-closed circuit (rebreathing) apparatus 
specially designed for military use and not enumerated elsewhere in 
the CCL or in the USML, and specially designed components for use in 
the conversion of open-circuit apparatus to military use.
    g. through w. [RESERVED]
    x. ``Parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' that are ``specially designed'' for a commodity 
enumerated in ECCN 8A620 (except for 8A620.b or .y) and not 
specified elsewhere on the USML or in 8A620.y.

    Note 1: Forgings, castings, and other unfinished products, such 
as extrusions and machined bodies, that have reached a stage in 
manufacturing where they are clearly identifiable by mechanical 
properties, material composition, geometry, or function as 
commodities controlled by ECCN 8A620.x are controlled by ECCN 
8A620.x.


    Note 2: ``Parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' specified in ECCN 8A620.y are subject to the 
controls of that paragraph.

    y. Specific ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' ``specially designed'' for a commodity subject to 
control in this ECCN, as follows:
    y.1. Public address (PA) systems;
    y.2. Filters and filter assemblies, hoses, lines, fittings, 
couplings, and brackets for pneumatic, hydraulic, oil and fuel 
systems;
    y.3. Galleys;
    y.4. Lavatories;
    y.5. Magnetic compass, magnetic azimuth detector;
    y.6. Medical facilities;
    y.7. Potable water tanks, filters, valves, hoses, lines, 
fittings, couplings, and brackets;
    y.8. Panel knobs, indicators, switches, buttons, and dials 
whether unfiltered or filtered for use with night vision imaging 
systems;
    y.9. Emergency lighting;
    y.10. Gauges and indicators;
    y.11. Audio selector panels.


0
20. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 8--Marine, add new ECCNs 8B609 and 8B620 immediately following 
ECCN 8B001 to read as follows:

8B609 Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' and related 
commodities ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities 
enumerated in ECCN 8A609 or USML Category VI (except for Cat 
VI(f)(7)), as follows.

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry................  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry................  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry................  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 8B609.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military 
commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of 
U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:

    a. Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' ``specially 
designed'' for the ``development,'' ``production,'' repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A609 
(except for 8A609.y) or in USML Category VI (except for USML Cat 
VI(f)(7)), and ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and 
``attachments'' ``specially designed'' therefor.
    b. [RESERVED]

8B620 Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' and related 
commodities ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities 
enumerated in ECCN 8A620 (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 8B620.b  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry................  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry................  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 8B620.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made ``military 
commodities'' that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of 
U.S.-origin ``600 series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' ``specially 
designed'' for the ``development,'' ``production,'' repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A620 
(except for 8A620.b and .y) and ``parts,'' ``components,'' 
``accessories'' and ``attachments'' ``specially designed'' therefor.
    b. Test, inspection, and production ``equipment'' ``specially 
designed'' for the ``development,'' ``production,'' repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A620.b 
and ``parts,'' ``components,'' ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' 
``specially designed'' therefor.


0
21. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 8--Marine, add a new ECCN 8C609 immediately following ECCN 
8C001 to read as follows:

8C609 Materials ``specially designed'' for the ``development'' or 
``production'' of commodities controlled by 8A609 not elsewhere 
specified in the USML.

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry................  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry................  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry................  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 8C609.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: N/A
Related Controls: (1) See USML Categories VI and XIII(f) for 
controls on materials specially designed for vessels of war 
enumerated in USML Category VI. (2) See

[[Page 40918]]

ECCN 0A919 for foreign made ``military commodities'' that 
incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin ``600 
series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:

    a. Materials, not enumerated on the USML, that are ``specially 
designed'' for commodities enumerated in ECCN 8A609 (except for 
8A609.y).
    b. [RESERVED]

0
22. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 8--Marine, add new ECCNs 8D609 and 8D620 between ECCN 8D002 
and 8D992 to read as follows:

8D609 ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation or maintenance of commodities controlled 
by 8A609, 8B609, or 8C609 (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 8D609.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 8D609.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 8D609.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any ``software'' in 8D609.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) ``Software'' directly related to articles 
enumerated in USML Category VI is controlled under USML Category 
VI(g). (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign made ``military commodities'' 
that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin ``600 
series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:

    a. ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled 
by ECCN 8A609, ECCN 8B609, or ECCN 8C609 (except for commodities 
controlled by ECCN 8A609.y).
    b. through .x [RESERVED]
    y. Specific ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, or maintenance of 
commodities in ECCN 8A609.y.

8D620 ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled 
by 8A620 or 8B620 (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 8D620.b  NS Column 1
 and .y.
RS applies to entire entry, except 8D620.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 8D620.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any ``software'' in 8D620.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) ``Software'' directly related to articles 
enumerated in USML Category XX is controlled under USML Category 
XX(d). (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign made ``military commodities'' 
that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin ``600 
series'' controlled content.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled 
by ECCN 8A620 or ECCN 8B620 (except for commodities controlled by 
ECCN 8A620.b or .y or ECCN 8B620.b).
    b. ``Software'' ``specially designed'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled 
by ECCN 8A620.b or ECCN 8B620.b.
    c. through .x [RESERVED]
    y. Specific ``software'' ``specially designed'' for the 
``development,'' ``production,'' operation, or maintenance of 
commodities in ECCN 8A620.y.

0
23. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 8--Marine, add new ECCNs 8E609 and 8E620 between ECCN 8E002 
and 8E992 to read as follows:

8E609 ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by 8A609, 8B609, 
or 8C609, or ``software'' controlled by 8D609 (see List of Items 
Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 8E609.y  NS Column 1
RS applies to entire entry, except 8E609.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 8E609.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any ``technology'' in 8E609.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: N/A
Related Controls: Technical data directly related to articles 
enumerated in USML Category VI are controlled under USML Category 
VI(g).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 8A609, 
8B609, or 8C609 (except for commodities controlled by ECCN 8A609.y), 
or ``software'' controlled by ECCN 8D609.
    b. through .x [RESERVED]
    y. Specific ``technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities or software in ECCN 8A609.y 
or 8D609.y.

8E620 ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by 8A620 or 
8B620, or ``software'' controlled by 8D620 (see List of Items 
Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT, UN

 
                Control(s)                          Country chart
 
NS applies to entire entry, except 8E620.b  NS Column 1
 and .y.
RS applies to entire entry, except 8E620.y  RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry................  AT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry, except 8E620.y  See Sec.   746.1(b) for UN
                                             controls
 

License Exceptions

CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (Sec.  740.20(c)(2) 
of the EAR) may not be used for any ``technology'' in 8E620.

List of Items Controlled

Unit: N/A
Related Controls: Technical data directly related to articles 
enumerated in USML Category XX are controlled under USML Category 
XX(d).

[[Page 40919]]

Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
    a. ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 8A620 or 
8B620 or ``software'' controlled by ECCN 8D620 (except for 
commodities controlled by ECCN 8A620.b or .y or ECCN 8B620.b or 
``software'' controlled by 8D620.b or .y).
    b. ``Technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled by ECCN 8A620.b 
or 8B620.b or ``software'' controlled by ECCN 8D620.b.
    c. through .x [RESERVED]
    y. Specific ``technology'' ``required'' for the ``development,'' 
``production,'' operation, installation, maintenance, repair, 
overhaul or refurbishing of commodities or software in ECCN 8A620.y 
or 8D620.y.


0
24. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 9, ECCN 9A018 is revised to read as follows:

9A018 Equipment on the Wassenaar Arrangement Munitions List.

    (a) See ECCN 9A610 for the aircraft, refuelers, ground 
equipment, parachutes, harnesses, and instrument flight trainers, as 
well as ``parts'', ``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' for the 
forgoing that, immediately prior to October 15, 2013, were 
classified under 9A018.a.1, .a.3, .c, .d, .e, or .f.
    (b) See ECCN 9A619 for military trainer aircraft turbo prop 
engines and ``parts'' and ``components'' therefor that, immediately 
prior to October 15, 2013, were classified under ECCN 9A018.a.2 or 
.a.3.
    (c) See ECCN 0A606.b for certain armored ground transport 
vehicles that prior to January 6, 2014 were classified under ECCN 
9A018.b.


0
25. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 9--Aerospace and Propulsion, ECCN 9A619, the Note at the end 
of paragraph .a in the Items paragraph of the List of Items Controlled 
section is revised to read as follows:

9A619 Military gas turbine engines and related commodities.
* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *
Items:
    a. * * *

    Note: For purposes of ECCN 9A619.a, the term ``military gas 
turbine engines'' means gas turbine engines ``specially designed'' 
for ``end items'' enumerated in USML Categories VI, VII or VIII or 
on the CCL under ECCNs 0A606, 8A609 or 9A610.

* * * * *


0
26. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 9--Aerospace and Propulsion, ECCN 9D018 is revised to read as 
follows:

9D018 ``Software'' for the ``use'' of equipment controlled by 9A018.

    (a) See ECCN 9D610 for ``software'' related to aircraft, 
refuelers, ground equipment, parachutes, harnesses, instrument 
flight trainers and ``parts'', ``accessories,'' and ``attachments'' 
for the forgoing that, immediately prior to October 15, 2013, were 
classified under 9A018.a.1, .a.3, .c, .d, .e, or .f.
    (b) See ECCN 9D619 for ``software'' related to military trainer 
aircraft turbo prop engines and ``parts'' and ``components'' 
therefor that, immediately prior to October 15, 2013, were 
classified under ECCN 9A018.a.2 or .a.3.
    (c) Software related to certain armored ground transport 
vehicles that prior to January 6, 2014 were classified under ECCN 
9A018.b is EAR99 (See 0D606).


0
27. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774 (the Commerce Control List), 
Category 9, ECCN 9E018 is revised to read as follows:

9E018 ``Technology'' for the ``development,'' ``production,'' or 
``use'' of equipment controlled by 9A018.

    (a) See ECCN 9E610 for ``technology'' related to aircraft, 
refuelers, ground equipment, parachutes, harnesses, instrument 
flight trainers and ``parts'', ``accessories'' and ``attachments'' 
for the forgoing that, immediately prior to October 15, 2013, were 
classified under 9A018.a.1, .a.3, .c, .d, .e, or .f.
    (b) See ECCN 9E619 for ``technology'' related to military 
trainer aircraft turbo prop engines and ``parts'' and ``components'' 
therefor that, immediately prior to October 15, 2013, were 
classified under ECCN 9A018.a.2 or .a.3.
    (c) Technology related to certain armored ground transport 
vehicles that prior to January 6, 2014 were classified under ECCN 
9A018.b is EAR99 (See 0E606).


Kevin J. Wolf,
Assistant Secretary for Export Administration.
[FR Doc. 2013-16238 Filed 7-5-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-33-P