[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 178 (Friday, September 13, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 56733-56734]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-22249]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-13891; PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Logan Museum of Anthropology, 
Beloit College, Beloit, WI

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, has 
completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribes or Native 
Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is a cultural 
affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects 
and present-day Indian tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal 
descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian 
organization not identified in this notice that wish to request 
transfer of control of these human remains and associated funerary 
objects should submit a written

[[Page 56734]]

request to the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College. If no 
additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human 
remains and associated funerary objects to the lineal descendants, 
Indian tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice 
may proceed.

DATES: Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or 
Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains and associated 
funerary objects should submit a written request with information in 
support of the request to the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit 
College, at the address in this notice by October 15, 2013.

ADDRESSES: William Green, Director, Logan Museum of Anthropology, 
Beloit College, Beloit, WI 53511, telephone (608) 363-2119, email 
greenb@beloit.edu.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects under the control of the Logan Museum of 
Anthropology, Beloit College, Beloit, WI. The human remains and 
associated funerary objects were removed from Saline County, AR.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects was made by the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, 
professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Caddo 
Nation of Oklahoma.

History and Description of the Remains

    In 1931, human remains representing, at minimum, one individual 
were removed from a mound near Benton, AR, by Paul H. Nesbitt, curator 
of anthropology at the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, 
and Frank Ellis, owner of the Ellis Museum of Archaeology and 
Anthropology, Maquoketa, IA. The mound was situated near the Saline 
River, but the precise site location is unknown. Museum records state 
that Nesbitt and Ellis were ``studying the mound groups'' of the Benton 
vicinity, and the two men excavated one burial, made surface 
collections at several locations, and obtained material from another 
collector. According to museum records, ``[m]ost of the material was 
found on Mr. Ellis's land along the Saline River'' near Benton, AR. 
After removal, the human remains and associated funerary objects were 
accessioned into the Logan Museum's collection. The human remains are 
those of an adult male. No known individuals were identified. The 83 
associated funerary objects are 1 ceramic bowl, 1 ceramic tripod 
bottle, 1 broken ceramic jar, 2 chipped-stone picks or chisels, 1 
ground and scored rectangular stone object, 2 ground stone knives, 33 
bivalve shells, 30 ceramic sherds, 10 mammal elements, 1 turtle shell 
fragment, and fragments of charcoal.
    The human remains are Native American based on the method of 
interment, associated funerary objects, and physical characteristics. 
The ceramic bowl is a shell-tempered, carinated vessel that is a two-
panel example of Friendship Engraved var. Freeman. Its form, more 
common in the Ouachita River drainage than along the Saline River, is 
diagnostic of the Mid-Ouachita phase, dating to A.D. 1400-1500. Because 
the bowl is shell-tempered, it was probably made late in that period. 
The tripod bottle has a composite design, and Arkansas Archeological 
Survey archaeologist Mary Beth Trubitt observed that ``the ovals and 
crosshatched design on the body are typically found on Friendship 
Engraved carinated bowls,'' while ``the horizontal line with pendant 
crosshatched triangles around the bottle neck is often seen around rims 
of bowls (Hempstead Engraved bowls that are usually grog-tempered, or 
Hardman Engraved bowls that are usually shell-tempered).'' This 
evidence points to an estimated date for the bottle in the late 1400s.
    The bowl and the tripod bottle, both of which feature nearly 
identical designs, exhibit well-documented Late Caddo styles. The 
Benton, AR, area is in the northeastern portion of the traditional 
homeland of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma. Significant Caddo 
archaeological sites such as Hughes Mound are located near Benton, AR. 
Archaeological and ethno-historical evidence indicates a relationship 
of shared group identity between the present-day Caddo Nation of 
Oklahoma and late prehistoric Caddo groups.

Determinations Made by the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College

    Officials of the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College have 
determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
in this notice represent the physical remains of one individual of 
Native American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 83 objects described 
in this notice are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the 
death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of 
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Caddo 
Nation of Oklahoma.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian tribe or Native 
Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to 
request transfer of control of these human remains and associated 
funerary objects should submit a written request with information in 
support of the request to William Green, Director, Logan Museum of 
Anthropology, Beloit College, Beloit, WI 53511, telephone (608) 363-
2119, email greenb@beloit.edu, by October 15, 2013. After that date, if 
no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the 
human remains and associated funerary objects to the Caddo Nation of 
Oklahoma may proceed.
    The Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, is responsible 
for notifying the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma that this notice has been 
published.

    Dated: August 21, 2013.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2013-22249 Filed 9-12-13; 8:45 am]
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