[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 187 (Thursday, September 26, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 59475-59553]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-22876]



[[Page 59475]]

Vol. 78

Thursday,

No. 187

September 26, 2013

Part III





Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board





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36 CFR Part 1191





Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines; Outdoor Developed 
Areas; Final Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 78 , No. 187 / Thursday, September 26, 2013 / 
Rules and Regulations

[[Page 59476]]


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ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD

36 CFR Part 1191

RIN 3014-AA22


Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines; Outdoor 
Developed Areas

AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: We, the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance 
Board (Access Board), are issuing a final rule that amends the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines by adding scoping 
and technical requirements for camping facilities, picnic facilities, 
viewing areas, trails, and beach access routes constructed or altered 
by or on behalf of federal agencies. The final rule ensures that these 
facilities are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with 
disabilities. The final rule applies to the following federal agencies 
and their components that administer outdoor areas developed for 
recreational purposes: Department of Agriculture (Forest Service); 
Department of Defense (Army Corps of Engineers); and Department of the 
Interior (Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, Fish and 
Wildlife Service, National Park Service). The final rule also applies 
to non-federal entities that construct or alter recreation facilities 
on federal land on behalf of the federal agencies pursuant to a 
concession contract, partnership agreement, or similar arrangement.

DATES: The final rule is effective November 25, 2013. The incorporation 
of certain publications listed in the guidelines is approved by the 
Director of the Federal Register as of September 21, 2004.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: William Botten, Access Board, 1331 F 
Street NW., Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20004-1111. Telephone: (202) 
272-0014 (voice) or (202) 272-0082 (TTY). Email address: board.gov">botten@access-board.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Table of Contents for Preamble

    1. New Format for Guidelines
    2. Executive Summary
    3. Statutory and Regulatory Background
    4. Changes Made to the Proposed Rule
    5. Discussion of Scoping and Technical Requirements
    6. Regulatory Analyses

    In this preamble, ``we,'' ``our'' and ``us'' refer to the 
Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access 
Board).

1. New Format for Guidelines

    This final rule amends the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility 
Guidelines, which were published in the Federal Register on July 23, 
2004 (69 FR 44151) and are codified in Appendices C and D to 36 CFR 
part 1191. The guidelines were published as ``camera ready'' copy 
(i.e., images) in 2004 because they included figures after certain 
sections to illustrate technical requirements in the sections. Since it 
is not possible to amend the guidelines as published in 2004, we 
submitted the guidelines, as amended by the final rule, to the Federal 
Register as a Word document without figures, except for four mandatory 
symbols included at the end of Appendix D.\1\ The scoping requirements 
for the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines in 
Appendix B are not changed. We did not include advisory sections that 
previously appeared in Appendices B, C, and D because they provide 
guidance only and do not contain mandatory requirements. We removed the 
List of Figures and Index in Appendix E because it did not contain 
regulatory material. We added notes to paragraphs (a) and (b) of 
section 1191.1 that reference the accessibility standards adopted by 
the Department of Justice and Department of Defense. Advisory sections 
and figures are included in the documents on our Web page at: 
www.access-board.gov.
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    \1\ The four mandatory symbols are the: Symbols to identify 
elevator control buttons (Figure 407.4.7.13); International Symbol 
of Accessibility (Figure 703.7.2.1); International Symbol of TTY 
(Figure 703.7.2.2); and International Symbol of Access for Hearing 
Loss (Figure 703.7.2.4).
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2. Executive Summary

Legal Authority and Purpose

    The Architectural Barriers Act requires facilities constructed or 
altered by or on behalf of federal agencies to be readily accessible to 
and usable by individuals with disabilities. Certain agencies are 
required to adopt accessibility standards for the design, construction, 
and alteration of facilities covered by the Architectural Barriers 
Act.\2\ We are required by section 502 of the Rehabilitation Act to 
establish and maintain minimum guidelines and requirements for the 
accessibility standards adopted the federal agencies. We are issuing 
the final rule pursuant to this authority. The final rule amends the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines that we issued in 
2004 to address camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, 
trails, and beach access routes constructed or altered by or behalf of 
federal agencies.
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    \2\ The Architectural Barriers Act requires the following 
agencies to adopt accessibility standards: Department of Defense and 
United States Postal Service for their facilities; Department of 
Housing and Urban Development for residential facilities; and 
General Services Administration for all other facilities.
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Summary of Major Provisions

    The final rule applies to the following federal agencies and their 
components that administer outdoor areas developed for recreational 
purposes: Department of Agriculture (Forest Service); Department of 
Defense (Army Corps of Engineers); and Department of the Interior 
(Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, Fish and Wildlife 
Service, National Park Service). The final rule also applies to non-
federal entities that construct or alter recreation facilities on 
federal land on behalf of the federal agencies pursuant to a concession 
contract, partnership agreement, or similar arrangement.
    The final rule adds scoping and technical requirements for the 
design, construction, and alteration of camping facilities, picnic 
facilities, viewing areas, trails, and beach access routes to the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines. The scoping 
requirements address the following outdoor constructed features 
provided at these facilities: Picnic tables, fire rings, grills, 
fireplaces, wood stoves, trash and recycling receptacles, water 
hydrants, utility and sewage hookups, outdoor rinsing showers, benches, 
and viewing scopes. The scoping requirements also address the following 
elements provided in camping units with mobility features: Parking 
spaces for recreational vehicles and other vehicles; tent pads and tent 
platforms; and camp shelters. The scoping requirements added by the 
final rule are summarized in Table 1.

[[Page 59477]]



            Table 1--Scoping Requirements Added by Final Rule
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------------------------------------------------------------------------
F244 Camping Facilities..............  Requires minimum number of
F245 Picnic Facilities...............   camping units and picnic units
                                        to provide mobility features
                                        based on total number of units
                                        provided in the camping or
                                        picnic facility.
                                       Requires camping units and picnic
                                        units with mobility features to
                                        provide choices of units
                                        comparable to, and integrated
                                        with, those available to others.
                                       Requires at least one of each
                                        type of outdoor constructed
                                        features and other elements
                                        provided within camping units
                                        and picnic units with mobility
                                        features to comply with the
                                        applicable technical
                                        requirements. Where more than
                                        one of the same type of outdoor
                                        constructed feature or element
                                        is provided, requires at least
                                        two of the same type to comply
                                        with the applicable technical
                                        requirements.
                                       Requires at least 20 percent of
                                        each type of outdoor constructed
                                        features provided at each
                                        location in common use and
                                        public use areas serving camping
                                        units and picnic units with
                                        mobility features to comply with
                                        the applicable technical
                                        requirements.
                                       Requires outdoor recreation
                                        access routes to connect:
                                          Accessible elements,
                                       spaces, and facilities provided
                                       within camping units and picnic
                                       units with mobility features;
                                          Camping units and
                                       picnic units with mobility
                                       features to common use and public
                                       use areas serving the units;
                                          Accessible elements,
                                       spaces, and facilities provided
                                       within common use and public use
                                       areas serving camping units and
                                       picnic units with mobility
                                       features; and
                                          Camping units and
                                       picnic units with mobility
                                       features to an accessible route
                                       serving adjacent recreation
                                       facilities, where a circulation
                                       path connects camping and picnic
                                       facilities and adjacent
                                       recreation facilities.
F246 Viewing Areas...................  Requires each distinct viewing
                                        location and at least 20 percent
                                        of outdoor constructed features
                                        within viewing areas to comply
                                        with the applicable technical
                                        requirements.
                                       Requires outdoor recreation
                                        access routes to connect
                                        accessible parking spaces or
                                        other arrival points serving the
                                        viewing area with accessible
                                        elements, spaces, and facilities
                                        provided within the viewing
                                        area.
F216.13 Trailhead Signs..............  Requires new trail information
F247 Trails..........................   signs provided at trailheads on
                                        newly constructed and altered
                                        trails designed for use by
                                        hikers or pedestrians to comply
                                        with the applicable technical
                                        requirements for trailhead
                                        signs.
                                       Requires trails designed for use
                                        by hikers and pedestrians to
                                        comply with the applicable
                                        technical requirements for
                                        trails where the trail directly
                                        connects to a trailhead or
                                        another trail that substantially
                                        meets the applicable technical
                                        requirements for trails.
                                       Requires existing trails to
                                        comply with the applicable
                                        technical requirements for
                                        trails where the original
                                        design, function, or purpose of
                                        the trail is changed and the
                                        altered portion of the trail
                                        directly connects to a trailhead
                                        or another trail that
                                        substantially meets the
                                        applicable technical
                                        requirements for trails.
                                       Requires camping facilities,
                                        picnic facilities, and viewing
                                        areas provided on trails to
                                        comply with the applicable
                                        scoping requirements in F244,
                                        F245, and F246, except for
                                        outdoor recreation access
                                        routes.
                                       Requires at least 20 percent of
                                        outdoor constructed features
                                        provided at trailheads and at
                                        each location on trails, other
                                        than at facilities provided on
                                        trails, to comply with the
                                        applicable technical
                                        requirements.
                                       Requires outdoor recreation
                                        access routes to connect
                                        accessible parking spaces or
                                        other arrival points serving a
                                        trailhead to the starting point
                                        of the trail and accessible
                                        elements, spaces, and facilities
                                        provided within the trailhead.
F248 Beach Access Routes.............  Requires at least one permanent
                                        or removable beach access route
                                        to be provided for each 1/2 mile
                                        of beach shoreline administered
                                        or managed by an entity where:
                                          Circulation paths,
                                       parking facilities, toilet
                                       facilities, or bathing facilities
                                       serving the beach are constructed
                                       or altered; or
                                          A beach nourishment
                                       project is undertaken.
                                       Not more than 20 percent of the
                                        costs of constructing or
                                        altering facilities serving the
                                        beach or a beach nourishment
                                        project are required to be
                                        expended on beach access routes.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The technical requirements establish design criteria for outdoor 
constructed features; parking spaces within camping units and picnic 
units with mobility features; pull-up spaces for recreational vehicles 
at dump stations; tent pads and tent platforms; camp shelters; viewing 
areas; outdoor recreation access routes; trails; and beach access 
routes. The final rule permits exceptions to specific provisions in the 
technical requirements for certain elements and facilities based on the 
conditions listed in Table 2. When an entity determines that a 
condition does not permit full compliance with a provision, compliance 
is required to the extent practicable.

                   Table 2--Conditions for Exceptions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.................................  Compliance is not practicable due to
                                     terrain.
2.................................  Compliance cannot be accomplished
                                     with the prevailing construction
                                     practices.
3.................................  Compliance would fundamentally alter
                                     the function or purpose of the
                                     facility or the setting.

[[Page 59478]]

 
4.................................  Compliance is limited or precluded
                                     by any of the following laws, or by
                                     decisions or opinions issued or
                                     agreements executed pursuant to any
                                     of the following laws: Endangered
                                     Species Act; National Environmental
                                     Policy Act; National Historic
                                     Preservation Act; Wilderness Act;
                                     or other federal, state, or local
                                     law the purpose of which is to
                                     preserve threatened or endangered
                                     species; the environment; or
                                     archaeological, cultural,
                                     historical, or other significant
                                     natural features.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The final rule allows exemptions for an entire trail or beach 
access route when an entity determines that is impracticable for a 
trail to comply with the technical requirements for trails or to 
provide a beach access route complying with the technical requirements 
for beach access routes. This determination is made after the entity 
applies the exceptions for specific provisions in the technical 
requirements for trails or beach access routes to portions of the trail 
or route.

Summary of Costs and Benefits

    We compared the final rule to guidelines and standards used by the 
federal agencies for the design of outdoor developed areas without 
regard to accessibility to determine whether the final rule would 
result in additional costs. We determined the final rule would not 
result in additional costs for camping facilities and picnic 
facilities. We estimate the final rule would result in additional costs 
for viewing areas, trails, and beach access routes shown in Table 3. We 
estimate the federal agencies would incur $1.2 million additional 
annual costs due to the final rule.

               Table 3--Additional Costs Due to Final Rule
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Viewing Areas.....................  $2,176 for dual base binocular
                                     scopes and $3,380 for a dual base
                                     telescopes, if viewing scopes
                                     provided at viewing areas.
Trails............................  $40,655 per trail mile, if trail
                                     would not otherwise meet the
                                     technical requirements and the
                                     exceptions to the technical
                                     requirements do not apply to the
                                     trail.
Beach Access Routes...............  $4,497 to $6,530 to purchase roll-
                                     out mats for beach access routes,
                                     if parking areas, toilet
                                     facilities, bathing facilities, and
                                     circulation paths serving beaches
                                     are constructed or altered or beach
                                     nourishment project is undertaken.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed rule would enable individuals with mobility 
disabilities to participate in outdoor recreation activities with their 
families and friends. The benefits are difficult to quantify, but 
include important national values recognized in Executive Order 13563 
such as equity, human dignity, and fairness.

3. Statutory and Regulatory Background

    The Architectural Barriers Act requires facilities constructed or 
altered by or on behalf of federal agencies to be readily accessible to 
and usable by individuals with disabilities.\3\ See 42 U.S.C. 4151 et 
seq. The Department of Defense, Department of Housing and Urban 
Development, General Services Administration, and United States Postal 
Service are required to adopt accessibility standards for the design, 
construction, and alteration of facilities covered by the Architectural 
Barriers Act.\4\ See 42 U.S.C. 4152 through 4154a. We are required by 
section 502 of the Rehabilitation Act to establish and maintain minimum 
guidelines and requirements for the accessibility standards adopted the 
federal agencies. See 29 U.S.C. 792(b)(3). We also are required by 
section 502 of the Rehabilitation Act to investigate complaints 
alleging that facilities covered by the Architectural Barriers Act have 
not complied with the accessibility standards. See 29 U.S.C. 792(b)(1) 
and (e). When we find a violation, we request the responsible federal 
agency to submit a corrective action plan and monitor implementation of 
the plan.
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    \3\ The Architectural Barriers Act also covers facilities leased 
by federal agencies; facilities financed by a federal grant or loan; 
and facilities constructed by the Washington Metropolitan Area 
Transit Authority. The final rule does not apply to these 
facilities.
    \4\ The Department of Defense and United States Postal Service 
are required to adopt accessibility standards for their facilities; 
the Department of Housing and Urban Development is required to adopt 
accessibility standards for residential facilities; and the General 
Services Administration is required to adopt accessibility standards 
for all other facilities covered by the Architectural Barriers Act.
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    We issued the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines 
for facilities covered by the Architectural Barriers Act in 2004. See 
69 FR 44151 (July 23, 2004). The guidelines contain scoping and 
technical requirements. Scoping requirements specify what features are 
required to be accessible and, where multiple features of the same type 
are provided, how many of the features are required to be accessible. 
Technical requirements specify the design criteria for accessible 
features. The scoping and technical requirements address some but not 
all of the features provided at outdoor areas developed for recreation 
purposes. For example, the scoping and technical requirements address 
parking areas, toilet and bathing facilities, fishing piers and 
platforms, and boating docks and marinas. However, the scoping and 
technical requirements do not address the minimum number of camping 
units and picnic units required to provide mobility features, or 
provide design criteria for viewing areas, trails, and beach access 
routes. The final rule amends the guidelines by adding scoping and 
technical requirements for these features.
    The Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines are 
codified at Appendices C and D to 36 CFR part 1191. The Department of 
Defense, United States Postal Service, and General Services 
Administration adopted the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility 
Guidelines as the accessibility standards for facilities covered by the 
Architectural Barriers Act Guidelines by cross-referencing Appendices C 
and D.\5\ Since these

[[Page 59479]]

agencies cross-reference Appendices C and D, the amendments to 
Appendices C and D made by the final rule are incorporated into the 
accessibility standards for facilities covered by the Architectural 
Barriers Act. Thus, camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing 
areas, trails, and beach access routes constructed or altered by or on 
behalf of federal agencies on or after the effective date of the final 
rule are required to comply with Appendices C and D, as amended by the 
final rule.
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    \5\ The Department of Defense cross references Appendices C and 
D as the accessibility standards for its facilities in a Memorandum 
on Access for People with Disabilities (October 31, 2008) at: http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/buildings-and-sites/about-the-aba-standards/background/dod-memorandum. The United States 
Postal Service cross references Appendices C and D as the 
accessibility standards for its facilities at 39 CFR 254.1. The 
General Services Administration cross references Appendices C and D 
as the accessibility standards for all other facilities, except 
residential facilities, covered by the Architectural Barriers Act at 
41 CFR 102-76.65. The Department of Housing and Urban Development 
references the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards, which was 
issued in 1984, as the accessibility standards for residential 
facilities covered by the Architectural Barriers Act. See 24 CFR 
40.4.
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    The final rule does not apply to outdoor developed areas 
administered by state and local governments and by private entities 
covered by Titles II and III the Americans with Disabilities Act 
because sufficient data were not available to prepare a regulatory 
assessment of the impact of the proposed rule on state and local 
governments or private entities. We will conduct a separate rulemaking 
in the future for outdoor developed areas administered by state and 
local governments and by private entities covered by the Titles II and 
III of the Americans with Disabilities Act.\6\
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    \6\ We are required to establish and maintain minimum guidelines 
and requirements for the accessibility standards adopted by the 
Department of Justice and Department of Transportation for 
facilities covered by Titles II and III of the Americans with 
Disabilities Act. See 29 U.S.C. 792 (b)(3) and 42 U.S.C. 12204.
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4. Changes Made to the Proposed Rule

    We issued a proposed rule in 2007. See 72 FR 34074 (June 20, 2007). 
The proposed rule was based on the report of a regulatory negotiation 
committee. We released a draft of the final rule in 2009. The 
regulatory negotiation report, proposed rule, and draft of the final 
rule are available on our Web site at: http://www.access-board.gov/outdoor (click on Background). The changes made to the proposed rule 
are discussed below.

Format and Organization

    The proposed rule would have established the scoping and technical 
requirements for camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, 
trails, and beach access routes as separate guidelines to be codified 
as an appendix to 36 CFR part 1195. The final rule incorporates the 
scoping and technical requirements for these facilities into the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines, which are codified 
as Appendices C and D to 36 CFR part 1191.

Exceptions When Conditions Do Not Permit Full Compliance

    The proposed rule would have permitted exceptions to only certain 
provisions in the technical requirements when certain conditions do not 
permit full compliance. The final rule restates the conditions as shown 
in the Table 2 under the Executive Summary, and permits exceptions 
based on the conditions to any provision in the technical requirements 
for tent pads and tent platforms, camp shelters, viewing areas, outdoor 
recreation access routes, trails, and beach access routes.\7\ The final 
rule also permits exceptions based on the conditions to the provisions 
for clear ground space at outdoor constructed features in alterations.
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    \7\ Exceptions are permitted to the technical requirements for 
viewing areas and for outdoor recreation access routes at camping 
facilities, picnic facilities, and trailheads only in alterations.
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    The proposed rule would have required compliance ``to the maximum 
extent feasible'' when an exception is used. The final rule requires 
compliance ``to the extent practicable'' when an exception is used. 
This language is more in keeping with the regulatory negotiation 
committee report, which considered the term ``feasible'' to mean 
``reasonably-doable.'' The regulatory negotiation committee report used 
the example of constructing a portion of a trail in a steeply sloped 
area, where complying with the provision for running slope would 
require extensive cuts and fills that would be difficult to construct 
and maintain; cause drainage and erosion problems; and have a severe 
impact on the environment. In this example, the portion of the trail 
constructed in the steeply sloped area is permitted to comply with the 
provision for running slope to the extent practicable.
    When an exception to a specific provision in the technical 
requirements is used on a portion of a trail or beach access route, the 
final rule requires the federal agency to document the basis for its 
determination to use the exception and to maintain the documentation in 
the records for the trail or beach project in the event that a 
complaint is later filed alleging that the trail or beach access route 
does not fully comply with the applicable technical requirements. When 
investigating the complaint, we will request the federal agency to 
provide the documentation if the federal agency claims that it used an 
exception based on the conditions.

Exemptions for Entire Trail or Beach Access Route

    The proposed rule would have exempted an entire trail from 
complying with the technical requirements for trails when:
     The combination of running slope and cross slope exceeds 
40 percent for over 20 feet;
     A trail obstacle 30 inches high or more runs across the 
full tread width of the trail;
     The trail surface is neither firm nor stable for a 
distance of 45 feet or more;
     The tread width is less than 12 inches wide for a distance 
of 20 feet or more; or
     The trail is not required to comply with any of the 
technical requirements for more than 15 percent of the trail.
    The final rule allows an entire trail to be exempted when an entity 
determines that it would be impracticable for the trail to comply with 
the technical requirements for trails. This determination is made after 
the entity applies the exceptions for specific provisions in the 
technical requirements for trails to portions of the trail. The 
exemption is intended to allow for conditions in the field other than 
those listed in the proposed rule that may render it impracticable for 
the trail to comply with the technical requirements for trails. The 
final rule requires federal agencies to notify us if an entire trail is 
exempted. A form to notify us is available at: http://www.access-board.gov/outdoor. The form lists the conditions in the proposed rule 
as a basis for exempting an entire trail and allows other conditions in 
the field to also be a basis for exempting an entire trail. The form 
will allow us to monitor exemptions and to provide guidance as 
necessary.
    The proposed rule did not include an exemption for an entire beach 
access route. The final rule does not require a beach access route to 
be provided when an entity determines that it would be impracticable to 
provide a beach access route complying with the technical provisions 
for beach access routes. This determination is made after the entity 
applies the exceptions for specific provisions in the technical 
requirements for beach access routes to portions of the route. The 
final rule requires federal agencies to notify us if a beach access 
route is not provided. A form to notify us is available at: http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/recreation-facilities/outdoor-developed-areas.

Beach Access Routes

    The proposed rule would have required beach access routes to be

[[Page 59480]]

provided where a beach is constructed and where a pedestrian route is 
constructed at a beach. The final rule requires beach access routes to 
be provided where the entity that administers or manages a beach 
constructs or alters circulation paths, parking facilities, toilet 
facilities, or bathing facilities to serve the beach or undertakes a 
beach nourishment project. The entity is not required to expend more 
than 20 percent of the costs of constructing or altering facilities 
serving the beach or the beach nourishment project to provide beach 
access routes.
    The proposed rule would have required the clear width of beach 
access routes to be 36 inches minimum. Beach access routes provide a 
firm and stable surface over the sand and are used by beach visitors 
with and without disabilities. The final rule requires the clear width 
of beach access routes to be 60 inches minimum to enable individuals 
who use wheeled mobility devices to pass beach visitors traveling in 
the opposite direction.

Shared Use Paths

    The preamble to the proposed rule indicated that the proposed 
scoping and technical requirements for trails would apply to shared use 
paths. A shared use path is a multi-use path that is designed primarily 
for use by pedestrians and bicyclists for transportation and 
recreational purposes. Shared use paths are physically separated from 
motor vehicle traffic by an open space or barrier, and are either 
within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way. 
We subsequently decided to include shared use paths in the proposed 
accessibility guidelines for pedestrian facilities in the public right-
of-way. See 78 FR 10110 (February 13, 2013).

Trailhead Signs

    The proposed rule would have required signs to be provided at 
trailheads to identify accessible trails. The proposed rule would have 
required the signs to include information on the total distance of the 
trail and, where exceptions have been used, the location of the first 
point where the trail does not fully comply with the technical 
requirements for trails.
    Where new trail information signs are provided at trailheads on 
newly constructed or altered trails designed for use by hikers or 
pedestrians, the final rule requires the signs to include information 
on the length of the trail or trail segment; surface type; typical and 
minimum tread width; typical and maximum running slope; and typical and 
maximum cross slope. This requirement applies regardless of whether the 
trail complies with the technical requirements for trails. The 
information provided on the signs enables individuals with disabilities 
to decide whether to hike the trail based on the characteristics of the 
trail.

Surface Slopes

    The proposed rule would have required clear ground spaces to have 
slopes not steeper than 1:50 in any direction, and would have permitted 
slopes not steeper than 1:33 when necessary for drainage. The final 
rule requires clear ground spaces to have slopes not steeper than 1:48 
in any direction and, where the surface is other than concrete, 
asphalt, or boards, permits slopes not steeper than 1:20 when necessary 
for drainage. The final rule defines the term boards to include wood, 
plastic, metal, and composite products.
    The proposed rule would have required outdoor recreation access 
routes and beach access routes to have cross slopes not steeper than 
1:33, and would have permitted cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 when 
necessary for drainage. The proposed rule would have required trails to 
have cross slopes not steeper than 1:20. The final rule requires 
outdoor recreation access routes, trails, and beach access routes to 
have cross slopes not steeper than 1:48 and, where the surface is other 
than concrete, asphalt, or boards, permits cross slopes not steeper 
than 1:20 when necessary for drainage.

Outdoor Constructed Features

    The proposed rule contained separate scoping and technical 
requirements for picnic tables, fire rings, grills, fireplaces, wood 
stoves, trash and recycling receptacles, water hydrants, utility and 
sewage hookups, outdoor rinsing showers, benches, and viewing scopes. 
The final rule collectively defines these elements as outdoor 
constructed features.
    The proposed rule would have required 50 percent of picnic tables, 
fire rings, grills, and benches to comply with the applicable technical 
requirements, and would have required at least 40 percent of these 
elements that complied with the applicable technical requirements to be 
on an outdoor recreation access route. In the final rule, the scoping 
requirements for camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, 
trailheads, and trails include scoping requirements for outdoor 
constructed features; and the technical requirements for outdoor 
constructed features are contained in 1011. The final rule requires 
every outdoor constructed feature that complies with the applicable 
technical requirements in 1011 to be on an outdoor recreation access 
route.
    The proposed rule based the size of the clear ground space at 
outdoor constructed features on the dimensions for clear floor or 
ground surfaces in 305.2 of the Architectural Barriers Act 
Accessibility Guidelines. The final rule bases the size of the clear 
ground space at outdoor constructed features on the dimensions for 
maneuvering clearance at clear floor or ground spaces that are confined 
on all or part of three sides in 305.7 of the Architectural Barriers 
Act Accessibility Guidelines. Outdoor constructed features can be 
confined on all or part of three sides by surfaces that are not firm 
and stable or that have changes in level. The dimensions for 
maneuvering clearance at clear floor or ground spaces that are confined 
on all or part of three sides in 305.7 of the Architectural Barriers 
Act Accessibility Guidelines provide additional space for maneuvering 
into and out of the space: 36 inches minimum by 48 inches minimum for a 
forward approach, and 30 inches minimum by 60 inches minimum for a 
parallel approach. At water hydrants, a clear ground space for a 
forward approach is required on each side of the water hydrant to 
enable individuals with disabilities to operate the water hydrant from 
their right side or left side. At rinsing showers, the size of the 
clear ground space is based on the dimensions for turning space in 
304.3.1 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines to 
enable individuals with disabilities to turn in the space.
    The proposed rule would have required outdoor rinsing showers to 
provide grab bars. Outdoor rinsing showers typically are provided at 
beaches for rinsing off sand and lotions that people apply to their 
bodies when they are outdoors. They are not designed for bathing and do 
not offer privacy. Individuals who use wheeled mobility devices are not 
expected to transfer from the devices when using outdoor rinsing 
showers and do need grab bars for this purpose. Therefore, the final 
rule does not require grab bars at rinsing showers.
    The proposed rule also would have required outdoor rinsing showers 
to provide a fixed shower head at a lower height. The final rule 
requires outdoor rinsing showers to provide a hand-held shower spray 
unit that has at least one fixed position located 15 inches minimum and 
48 inches maximum above the ground. Where vandalism is a consideration, 
a fixed shower head located 48 inches above the ground is

[[Page 59481]]

permitted in place of a hand-held shower spray unit.
    The proposed rule would have required benches to provide a backrest 
and armrests. The final rule does not require a backrest and armrests 
due to the varied designs and configurations of benches.

Elements Exempted in Final Rule

    The proposed rule included proposed scoping and technical 
requirements for utility sinks and pit toilets. The final rule exempts 
these elements from the scoping requirements in F212.3 and F213.1 of 
the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines.

Elements Not Addressed in Final Rule

    The proposed rule included proposed scoping and technical 
requirements for recreational vehicle parking spaces in general parking 
areas at camping facilities. The final rule includes scoping and 
technical requirements for recreational vehicle parking spaces in 
camping units with mobility features and recreational vehicle pull-up 
spaces at dump stations. The final rule does not address recreational 
vehicle parking spaces in other areas.
    The proposed rule included proposed scoping and technical 
requirements for mobility device storage facilities and warming huts. 
The final rule does not address these elements because they are not 
typically provided at the facilities addressed in the final rule.

5. Discussion of Scoping and Technical Requirements

    The scoping and technical requirements in the final rule are 
discussed below.

Appendix C to 36 CFR Part 1191--Architectural Barriers Act: Scoping

ABA Chapter 1: Application and Administration
F106.5 Defined Terms
    The final rule adds definitions to this section for the following 
terms: boards, camp shelter, camping facility, camping unit, outdoor 
constructed features, picnic facility, picnic unit, trail, trailhead, 
and viewing areas. The definition of boards is discussed above under 
the Executive Summary. The definition of outdoor constructed features 
is discussed above under Changes Made to the Proposed Rule. The 
definitions of the other terms are discussed below under the sections 
where the terms are used.
ABA Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements
F201.4 Requirements Apply to Facilities Constructed or Altered by or on 
Behalf of Federal Agencies
    This section provides that the scoping requirements in F216.13 and 
F244 though F248 and the technical requirements in 1011 through 1019 
apply to camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, trails, 
and beach access routes constructed or altered by federal agencies or 
by non-federal entities on federal land on behalf of federal agencies 
pursuant to a concession contract, partnership agreement, or similar 
arrangement.
F201.4.1 Documentation and Notification When Exceptions Used for Trails 
or Beach Access Routes
    This section requires federal agencies to document the basis for 
not fully complying with a specific provision in the technical 
requirements for trails on a portion of a trail based on Exception 1 in 
1017, or with a specific provision in the technical requirements for 
beach access routes based on Exception 1 in 1018. Federal agencies are 
required to maintain the documentation with the records for the trail 
or beach project. The section also requires federal agencies to notify 
us if an entire trail is exempted from complying with the technical 
requirements for trails based on Exception 2 in 1017, and if a beach 
access route is not provided based on Exception 2 in 1018. Notification 
forms are available on our Web site at: http://www.access-board.gov/outdoor.
F202.3 Alterations
    The final rule adds Exception 4 to this section, which applies to 
altered elements and spaces. Exception 4 does not require an outdoor 
recreation access route to altered elements and spaces in camping 
facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, or trailheads where the 
circulation path to the altered element or space is not altered. 
Exception 4 is consistent with Exception 1 to this section, which does 
not require an accessible route to altered elements and spaces in other 
types of facilities where the circulation path to the altered element 
or space is not altered, unless the alterations affect primary function 
areas.
F202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas
    The final rule adds Exception 2 to this section, which applies to 
altered areas containing a primary function. Exception 2 exempts 
camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, trailheads, 
trails, and beach access routes from providing an accessible path of 
travel to altered areas containing a primary function. The regulations 
and policies issued by the federal agencies referenced in the section 
define an accessible path of travel as an accessible route. Exception 4 
is added because the final rule does not require accessible routes at 
camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, and trailheads 
where outdoor recreation access routes are provided. The final rule 
also does not require accessible routes where camping facilities, 
picnic facilities, and viewing areas are provided on trails and where 
beach access routes are provided.
F206.1 General
    The final rule adds three exceptions to this section, which 
contains the scoping requirements for accessible routes. Exception 1 
does not require accessible routes at camping facilities, picnic 
facilities, viewing areas, and trailheads where outdoor recreation 
access routes are provided. Exception 2 does not require accessible 
routes where camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, and 
outdoor constructed features are provided on trails. Exception 3 does 
not require accessible routes where beach access routes are provided.
F212.3 Sinks
    The final rule adds Exception 2 to this section, which contains the 
scoping requirements for sinks. Exception 2 exempts sinks in camping 
facilities and picnic facilities where a cooktop or conventional range 
is not provided. Exception 2 applies to utility sinks used to clean 
large pots and equipment. Exception 2 is consistent with Exception 1 to 
this section, which exempts service sinks because they cannot comply 
with technical requirements for sinks due to their configuration. 
Utility sinks used to clean large pots and equipment are configured 
similar to service sinks. Lavatories (i.e., sinks in toilet and bathing 
facilities) are not affected by Exception 2.
F213.1 General
    The final rule adds an exception to this section, which contains 
the scoping requirements for toilet facilities. The exception exempts 
pit toilets provided on trails and in camping facilities. A pit toilet 
is a primitive outhouse consisting of a toilet riser over a hole dug 
into the ground or receptacle to receive and naturally decompose human 
waste. Some pit toilets do not have walls and would not be able to 
comply with the technical requirements for toilet facilities such as 
providing grab bars at

[[Page 59482]]

toilet fixtures. However, the technical requirements for toilet 
facilities can be used as guidance for designing pit toilets.
F216.13 Trailhead Signs
    Where new trail information signs are provided at trailheads on 
newly constructed or altered trails designed for use by hikers or 
pedestrians, this section requires the signs to comply with the 
technical requirements in 1017.11, regardless of whether the trails 
comply with the technical requirements in 1017. The technical 
requirements in 1017.11 require the signs to include information on the 
length of the trail or trail segment; surface type; typical and minimum 
tread width; typical and minimum running slope; and typical and minimum 
cross slope. This information enables individuals with disabilities to 
decide whether to hike the trail based on the characteristics of the 
trail. Entities should also provide information about the accessibility 
of trails on Web sites.
    If trail information signs designate the name of the trail, only 
the name of the trail is required to comply with the technical 
requirements in 703.5. See F216.2. Tactile characters are not required 
on exterior signs. Trail information signs are not required to display 
the International Symbol of Accessibility.
F244 Camping Facilities
F244.1 General
    This section contains the scoping requirements for camping 
facilities, other than camping facilities on trails. The scoping 
requirements for camping facilities on trails are contained in 
F247.4.1. The terms camping facility, camping unit, and camp shelter 
are defined in F106.5. A camping facility is a site, or a portion of a 
site, developed for outdoor recreational purposes that contains camping 
units. A camping unit is an outdoor space in a camping facility used 
for camping that contains outdoor constructed features, parking spaces 
for recreational vehicles or other vehicles, tent pads or tent 
platforms, or camp shelters. A camp shelter is a partially enclosed 
structure that provides campers and hikers cover from weather and that 
does not contain plumbing fixtures or kitchen appliances. Camp shelters 
are not transient lodging facilities or residential dwelling units.
F244.2 Camping Units With Mobility Features
    This section requires camping facilities to provide a minimum 
number of camping units with mobility features based on the total 
number of camping units in accordance with Table 244.2. Where different 
types of camping units are provided (e.g., camping units for 
recreational vehicles only; camping units for tent camping only; and 
camping units with camp shelters), Table 244.2 applies to each type of 
camping unit provided.
    Camping units with mobility features are not required to be 
identified by signs. Entities should provide information on the 
location of camping units with mobility features on Web sites, in 
brochures, and at bulletin boards or information kiosks at the camping 
facility. Where entities operate reservation systems for camping units 
or assign camping units upon arrival, entities should establish 
policies to ensure that camping units with mobility features are 
available for individuals with disabilities until all the camping units 
are occupied.
F244.2.1 Alterations and Additions
    This section requires camping units that are altered or added to 
provide mobility features until the number of camping units with 
mobility features in the camping facility meets the minimum number 
required in Table 244.2.
    Where an entity is implementing a transition plan for program 
accessibility developed pursuant to regulations issued under section 
504 of the Rehabilitation Act that designates specific camping units to 
provide mobility features, an exception permits the entity to not 
provide accessible elements when altering individual elements within 
camping units that are not designated to provide mobility features. 
When all the elements within a camping unit are altered, the altered 
camping unit is required to provide mobility features until the minimum 
number of camping units with mobility features required in Table 244.2 
is met.
F244.2.2 Dispersion
    This section requires camping units with mobility features to 
provide choices of camping units comparable to, and integrated with, 
those available to others.
F244.2.3 Elements Within Camping Units With Mobility Features
    This section contains the scoping requirements for elements within 
camping units required to provide mobility features, including outdoor 
constructed features (F244.2.3.1), parking spaces for recreational 
vehicles (F244.2.3.2.1), parking spaces for vehicles other than 
recreational vehicles (F244.2.3.2.2), tent pads and tent platforms 
(F244.2.3.3), and camp shelters (F244.3.4). Where these elements are 
provided within a camping unit, at least one of each type of element is 
required to comply with the applicable technical requirements for the 
element. Where more than one of the same element is provided within a 
camping unit (e.g., picnic tables, tent pads), at least two of the same 
type element are required to comply with the applicable technical 
requirements for the element.
F244.3 Outdoor Constructed Features in Common Use and Public Use Areas
    This section contains the scoping requirements for outdoor 
constructed features provided in common use and public use areas that 
serve camping units with mobility features. At least 20 percent, but 
not less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided 
at each location is required to comply with the applicable technical 
requirements in 1011.
F244.4 Pull-up Spaces for Recreational Vehicles at Dump Stations
    This section requires pull-up spaces provided for recreational 
vehicles at dump stations to comply with the applicable technical 
requirements in 1012.
F244.5 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes
    This section contains the scoping requirements for outdoor 
recreation access routes at camping facilities, which are discussed 
below.
F244.5.1 Routes Within Camping Units With Mobility Features
    This section requires at least one outdoor recreation access route 
to connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within 
camping units with mobility features.
F244.5.2 Routes to and Within Common Use and Public Use Areas
    This section requires at least one outdoor recreation access route 
to connect each camping unit with mobility features with common use and 
public use areas serving the unit; and at least one outdoor recreation 
access route to connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities 
provided within common use and public use areas serving camping units 
with mobility features. An outdoor recreation access route is not 
required to connect camping units with mobility features and 
recreational vehicle dump stations where a pull-up space complying with 
the applicable technical requirements in 1012 is provided at the dump 
station for recreational vehicles.

[[Page 59483]]

F244.5.3 Routes to Adjacent Recreation Facilities
    Where a circulation path connects camping facilities and adjacent 
recreation facilities, this section requires at least one outdoor 
recreation access route to connect camping units with mobility features 
to an accessible route serving the adjacent recreation facilities. The 
section does not modify the scoping requirements for accessible routes 
in F206 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines that 
apply to recreation facilities.
F244.5.4 Location
    This section requires outdoor recreation access routes to coincide 
with or be located in the same general area as general circulation 
paths. Where a vehicular way serves as the general circulation path for 
pedestrians at a camping facility, the outdoor recreation access route 
can be provided within the vehicular way.
F245 Picnic Facilities
F245.1 General
    This section contains the scoping requirements for picnic 
facilities, other than picnic facilities on trails. The scoping 
requirements for picnic facilities on trails are contained in F247.4.2. 
The terms picnic facility and picnic unit are defined in F106.5. A 
picnic facility is a site, or a portion of a site, developed for 
outdoor recreational purposes that contains picnic units. A picnic unit 
is an outdoor space in a picnic facility used for picnicking that 
contains outdoor constructed features.
F245.2 Picnic Units With Mobility Features
    This section requires picnic facilities to provide a minimum number 
of picnic units with mobility features as discussed below. Picnic units 
with mobility features are not required to be identified by signs. 
Entities should provide information on the location of picnic units 
with mobility features on Web sites, in brochures, and at bulletin 
boards or information kiosks at the picnic facility.
F245.2.1 Picnic Facilities With Two or Fewer Picnic Units
    Where picnic facilities contain two or fewer picnic units, this 
section requires each picnic unit to provide mobility features.
F245.2.2 Picnic Facilities With More Than Two Picnic Units
    Where picnic facilities contain more than two picnic units, this 
section requires at least 20 percent, but not less than two, of the 
picnic units to provide mobility features.
F245.2.3 Alterations and Additions
    This section requires picnic units that are altered or added to 
provide mobility features until the number of picnic units with 
mobility features in the picnic facility meets the minimum number 
required in F245.2.1 or F245.2.2.
    Where an entity is implementing a transition plan for program 
accessibility developed pursuant to regulations issued under section 
504 of the Rehabilitation Act that designates specific picnic units to 
provide mobility features, an exception permits the entity to not 
provide accessible elements when altering individual elements within 
picnic units that are not designated to provide mobility features. When 
all the elements within a picnic unit are altered, the altered picnic 
unit is required to provide mobility features until the minimum number 
of picnic units with mobility features required in F245.2.1 or F245.2.2 
is met.
F245.2.4 Dispersion
    This section requires picnic units with mobility features to 
provide choices of picnic units comparable to, and integrated with, 
those available to others.
F245.2.5 Elements Within Picnic Units With Mobility Features
    This section contains the scoping requirements for elements within 
picnic units required to provide mobility features, including outdoor 
constructed features (F244.2.5.1) and parking spaces (F244.2.5.2). 
Where these elements are provided within a picnic unit, at least one of 
each type of element is required to comply with the applicable 
technical requirements for the element. Where more than one of the same 
element is provided within a picnic unit (e.g., picnic tables, grills), 
at least two of the same type of element are required to comply with 
the applicable technical requirements for the element.
F245.3 Outdoor Constructed Features in Common Use and Public Use Areas
    This section contains the scoping requirements for outdoor 
constructed features provided in common use and public use areas that 
serve picnic units with mobility features. At least 20 percent, but not 
less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided at 
each location is required to comply with the applicable technical 
requirements in 1011.
F245.4 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes
    This section contains the scoping requirements for outdoor 
recreation access routes within picnic facilities, which are discussed 
below.
F245.4.1 Routes Within Picnic Units With Mobility Features
    This section requires at least one outdoor recreation access route 
to connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within 
picnic units with mobility features.
F245.4.2 Routes to and Within Common Use and Public Use Areas
    This section requires at least one outdoor recreation access route 
to connect each picnic unit with mobility features with common use and 
public use areas serving the unit; and at least one outdoor recreation 
access route to connect accessible elements, spaces, and facilities 
provided within common use and public use areas serving picnic units 
with mobility features.
F245.4.3 Routes to Adjacent Recreation Facilities
    Where a circulation path connects picnic facilities and adjacent 
recreation facilities, this section requires at least one outdoor 
recreation access route to connect picnic units with mobility features 
to an accessible route serving the adjacent recreation facilities. The 
section does not modify the scoping requirements for accessible routes 
in F206 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines that 
apply to recreation facilities.
F245.4.4 Location
    This section requires outdoor recreation access routes to coincide 
with or be located in the same general area as general circulation 
paths. Where a vehicular way serves as the general circulation path for 
pedestrians at a picnic facility, the outdoor recreation access route 
can be provided within the vehicular way.
F246 Viewing Areas
F246.1 General
    This section contains the scoping requirements for viewing areas, 
other than viewing areas on trails. The scoping requirements for 
viewing areas on trails are contained in F247.4.3. The term viewing 
area is defined in F106.5 as an outdoor space developed for viewing a 
landscape, wildlife, or other points of interest.
F246.2 Distinct Viewing Locations
    This section requires each distinct viewing location within a 
viewing area

[[Page 59484]]

to comply with the technical requirements for viewing areas in 1015. 
Viewing areas can provide more than one distinct viewing location. For 
example, a viewing area can provide a distinct viewing location for 
observing a mountain range, and another distinct viewing location for 
observing a river. Distinct viewing locations within a viewing area can 
be designated by signs or other markers.
F246.3 Outdoor Constructed Features
    This section requires at least 20 percent, but not less than one, 
of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided within viewing 
areas to comply with the applicable technical requirements in 1011.
F246.4 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes
    This section requires at least one outdoor recreation access route 
to connect accessible parking spaces or other site arrival points 
serving the viewing area with accessible elements, spaces, and 
facilities provided within the viewing area.
F247 Trails
F247.1 General
    This section contains the scoping requirements for trails. The 
terms trail and trailhead are defined in F106.5. A trail is a 
pedestrian route developed primarily for outdoor recreational purposes. 
A pedestrian route developed primarily to connect elements, spaces, and 
facilities within a site is not a trail. A trailhead is an outdoor 
space that is designated by an entity responsible for administering or 
maintaining a trail to serve as an access point to the trail. The 
junction of two or more trails or the undeveloped junction of a trail 
and a road is not a trailhead.
    Where a trail is designed for use by hikers or pedestrians and 
directly connects to a trailhead or another trail that substantially 
meets the technical requirements for trails in 1017, the section 
requires the trail to comply with the technical requirements for trails 
in 1017. The Federal Trail Data Standards classify trails by their 
designed use and managed use.\8\ A trail has only one designed use that 
determines the design, construction, and maintenance parameters for the 
trail. A trail can have more than one managed use based on a management 
decision to allow other uses on the trails. Trails that have a designed 
use for hikers or pedestrians are required to comply with the technical 
requirements for trails in 1017. Trails that have a designed use for 
other than hikers or pedestrians are not required to comply with the 
technical requirements for trails in 1017.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ The Federal Trail Data Standards are available at: http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/trail-data-standard/.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A trail system may include a series of connecting trails. Only 
trails that directly connect to a trailhead or another trail that 
substantially meets the technical requirement for trails in 1017 are 
required to comply with the technical requirements for trails in 1017.
F247.2 Existing Trails
    Where the original design, function, or purpose of an existing 
trail is changed and the altered portion of the trail directly connects 
to a trailhead or another trail that substantially meets the technical 
requirements for trails in 1017, this section requires the altered 
portion of the trail to comply with the technical requirements for 
trails in 1017. Routine or periodic maintenance activities that are 
performed to return an existing trail to the condition to which the 
trail was originally designed are not required to comply with the 
technical requirements for trails in 1017.
F247.3 Trailheads
    This section requires at least 20 percent, but not less than one, 
of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided within trailheads 
to comply with the applicable technical requirements in 1011. The 
section also requires at least one outdoor recreation access route to 
connect accessible parking spaces or other site arrival points serving 
the trailhead; the starting point of the trail; and accessible 
elements, spaces, and facilities provided within the trailhead.
F247.4 Trail Facilities
    This section requires camping facilities, picnic facilities, and 
viewing areas provided on trails to comply with the applicable scoping 
requirements for the facilities in F244 through F246, except for the 
scoping requirements for outdoor recreation access routes. The 
facilities are required to comply with the applicable scoping 
requirements regardless of whether the trail complies with the 
technical requirements for trails in 1017.
    The section requires routes that connect trails complying with the 
technical requirements for trails in 1017 to camping facilities, picnic 
facilities, viewing areas, pit toilets, and accessible elements within 
the facilities to comply with the technical requirements for trails in 
1017. Routes that connect trails that do not comply with the technical 
requirements for trails in 1017 to these facilities and accessible 
elements provided within the facilities are not required to comply with 
the technical requirements for trails in 1017.
F247.5 Outdoor Constructed Features
    This section requires at least 20 percent, but not less than one, 
of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided at each location 
on trails, other than within facilities provided on trails, to comply 
with the applicable technical requirements in 1011.
F248 Beach Access Routes
F248.1 General
    This section contains the scoping requirements for beach access 
routes. Where the entity that administers or manages a beach constructs 
or alters circulation paths, parking facilities, toilet facilities, or 
bathing facilities to serve the beach or undertakes a beach nourishment 
project, the section requires the entity to provide beach access 
routes. The entity is not required to expend more than 20 percent of 
the costs to construct or alter the facilities serving the beach or the 
beach nourishment project to provide beach access routes. Beach access 
routes can be permanent or removable. Removable beach access routes can 
be moved to a protected storage area during storms and other periods 
when the routes are subject to damage or loss. Beach access routes are 
not required where pedestrian access to the beach is not permitted.
F248.2 Minimum Number
    This section requires at least one beach access route to be 
provided for each \1/2\ mile of beach shoreline administered or managed 
by the entity. The number of beach access routes is not required to 
exceed the number of pedestrian access points provided by the entity to 
the beach. Pedestrian access points to a beach include parking 
facilities that serve beaches, dune crossings, and stairways or ramps 
leading from boardwalks to the beach.
F248.3 Location
    This section requires beach access routes to coincide with or be 
located in the same general area as pedestrian access points to the 
beach.

Appendix D to 36 CFR Part 1191--Technical

Chapter 10: Recreation Facilities
    The final rule adds technical requirements to Chapter 10 for 
outdoor constructed features (1011); parking spaces within camping 
units and picnic units and pull-up spaces at dump stations (1012); tent 
pads and tent

[[Page 59485]]

platforms (1013); camp shelters (1014); viewing areas (1015); outdoor 
recreation access routes (1016); trails (1017); and beach access routes 
(1018). The final rule also adds the conditions for using the 
exceptions to the specific provisions in these technical requirements 
at 1019.
1011 Outdoor Constructed Features
1011.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for outdoor 
constructed features provided within camping facilities, picnic 
facilities, viewing areas, and trailheads or on trails. All outdoor 
constructed features are required to comply with the provisions for 
clear ground space (1011.2) and operable parts (1011.3). The section 
includes specific provisions for picnic tables (1011.4); fire rings, 
grills, fireplaces, and woodstoves (1011.5); water spouts at water 
hydrants and water utility hook-ups (1011.6); outdoor rinsing showers 
(1011.7); and viewing scopes (1011.8).
1011.2 Clear Ground Space
    This section requires a clear ground space to be provided at 
outdoor constructed features and includes specific provisions for the 
size and location (1011.2.1), surface (1011.2.2), slope (1011.2.3), and 
openings (1011.2.4).
    Two exceptions are provided. Where individual outdoor constructed 
features are altered and the ground surface is not altered, Exception 1 
does not require the clear ground space to comply with the specific 
provisions for surface and slope. In alterations, when an entity 
determines that a condition in 1019 does not permit full compliance 
with a specific provision, Exception 2 permits the clear ground space 
to comply with the provision to the extent practicable.
1011.2.1 Size and Location
    This section specifies the size and location of the clear ground 
space at outdoor constructed features. The size of the clear ground 
space is based on the dimensions for maneuvering clearance at clear 
floor or ground spaces that are confined on all or part of three sides 
in 305.7 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines. 
Outdoor constructed features can be confined on all or part of three 
sides by surfaces that are not firm and stable or that have changes in 
level. The dimensions for maneuvering clearance at clear floor or 
ground spaces that are confined on all or part of three sides in 305.7 
of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines provide 
additional space for maneuvering into and out of the space: 36 inches 
minimum by 48 inches minimum for a forward approach, and 30 inches 
minimum by 60 inches minimum for a parallel approach. At water 
hydrants, a clear ground space for a forward approach is required on 
each side of the water hydrant to enable individuals with disabilities 
to operate the water hydrant from their right side or left side. At 
rinsing showers, the size of the clear ground space is based on the 
dimensions for turning space in 304.3.1 of the Architectural Barriers 
Act Accessibility Guidelines to enable individuals with disabilities to 
turn in the space.
    At picnic tables, fire rings, grills, fireplaces, and woodstoves, a 
clear ground space is required on all usable sides of the element. The 
usable sides of these elements are the sides that can be used for 
eating or serving food, building a fire, or cooking. All sides of 
picnic tables are generally usable, unless the picnic table is placed 
against a rock or tree that renders the side against the rock or tree 
not usable. All sides of fire rings and grills are generally usable, 
unless there is a wall or other structure on a side that renders the 
side not usable. The front sides of fireplaces and woodstoves are 
generally the usable side.
1011.2.2 Surface
    This section requires the surface of the clear ground space to be 
firm and stable.
1011.2.3 Slope
    This section requires the slope of the clear ground space to not be 
steeper than 1:48 in any direction. Where the surface is other than 
asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 are 
permitted when necessary for drainage.
1011.2.4 Openings
    This section requires openings in the clear ground space such as 
drainage grates to not allow passage of a sphere more than \1/2\ inch 
in diameter. Where possible, drainage grates should be located outside 
of the clear ground space. Elongated openings should be placed so that 
the long dimension is perpendicular, or as close to perpendicular as 
possible, to the dominant direction of travel.
1011.3 Operable Parts
    This section requires operable parts of outdoor constructed 
features to comply with the technical requirements for the height of 
operable parts in 309.3 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility 
Guidelines, which require operable parts to be placed within the reach 
ranges specified in 308 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility 
Guidelines; and the technical requirements for operation in 309.4 of 
the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines, which require 
operable parts to be operable with one hand without tight grasping, 
pinching, or twisting of the wrist and with not more than 5 pounds 
force.
    Four exceptions are provided. Exception 1 requires fire rings, 
grills, fireplaces, wood stoves, water hydrants, and water utility 
hook-ups to comply with the technical requirements for operation in 
309.4 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines to the 
extent practicable. Exception 2 requires trash and recycling 
receptacles with hinged lids and controls to keep out large animals to 
comply with the technical requirements for operation in 309.4 of the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines to the extent 
practicable. Exception 3 exempts dumpster type trash and recycling 
receptacles from complying with the technical requirements for the 
height of operable parts in 309.3 of the Architectural Barriers Act 
Accessibility Guidelines and the technical requirements for operation 
in 309.4 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines. 
Exception 4 exempts sewage hatches from complying with the technical 
requirements for the height of operable parts in 309.3 of the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines and the technical 
requirements for operation in 309.4 of the Architectural Barriers Act 
Accessibility Guidelines.
    New products may be developed with operable parts that comply with 
the technical requirements for operation in 309.4 of the Architectural 
Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines. As products that comply with the 
technical requirements for operation in 309.4 of the Architectural 
Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines become available, entities should 
provide these products to enable individuals with disabilities to 
operate them.
1011.4 Picnic Tables
    This section requires picnic tables to comply with the technical 
requirements for dining surfaces in 902.3 of the Architectural Barriers 
Act Accessibility Guidelines, which requires the tops of dining 
surfaces to be 28 inches minimum and 34 inches maximum above the 
ground. The section also requires at least one wheelchair space to be 
provided for each 24 linear feet of usable picnic table surface 
perimeter. Wheelchair spaces are required to be 30 inches minimum by 48 
inches minimum; be positioned for a forward

[[Page 59486]]

approach to the table; and provide knee and toe clearance complying 
with 306 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines 
under the table.
1011.5 Fire Rings, Grills, Fireplaces, and Wood Stoves
    This section requires fire building surfaces to be 9 inches minimum 
above the ground, and cooking surfaces to be 15 inches minimum and 34 
inches maximum above the ground. Where fire rings, grills, or 
fireplaces are constructed with raised edges or walls, the depth of the 
raised edge or wall is required to be 10 inches maximum. Fire rings 
with double walls or insulation on the sides are recommended to prevent 
burns.
1011.6 Water Spouts
    This section requires water spouts at water hydrants and water 
utility hook-ups to be 28 inches minimum and 36 inches maximum above 
the ground.
1011.7 Outdoor Rinsing Showers
    This section requires outdoor rinsing showers to provide at least 
one hand-held shower spray unit with a hose 59 inches long minimum. The 
hand-held shower spray unit is required to have at least one fixed 
position located 15 inches minimum and 48 inches maximum above the 
ground. Where vandalism is a consideration, a fixed shower head located 
48 inches above the ground is permitted in place of a hand-held shower 
spray unit.
1011.8 Viewing Scopes
    This section requires eyepieces on viewing scopes to be 43 inches 
minimum and 51 inches maximum above the ground.
1012 Parking Spaces Within Camping Units and Picnic Units and Pull-Up 
Spaces at Dump Stations
1012.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for parking spaces 
provided within camping units and picnic units with mobility features 
and pull-up spaces for recreational vehicles at dump stations. The 
technical requirements address the width of parking spaces and pull-up 
spaces for recreational vehicles (1012.2); the width of parking spaces 
for vehicles, other than recreational vehicles (1012.3); and the 
surface (1012.4) and slope (1012.5) of parking spaces and pull-up 
spaces.
1012.2 Recreational Vehicles
    This section requires parking spaces and pull-up spaces for 
recreational vehicles to be 20 feet wide minimum to accommodate 
recreational vehicles equipped with a lift. Recreational vehicles are 
typically 8 feet wide. Recreational vehicles equipped with a lift need 
an additional 8 feet of space on the passenger's side to deploy the 
lift and for individuals who use wheeled mobility devices to maneuver 
onto and off of the lift. Utility hook-ups for recreational vehicles 
are typically located on the driver's side of the vehicle. An 
additional 4 feet of space is needed on the driver's side for 
individuals who use wheeled mobility devices to access the utility 
hook-ups. Where two adjacent parking spaces are provided for 
recreational vehicles, one of the parking spaces is permitted to be 16 
feet wide minimum.
1012.3 Other Vehicles
    This section requires parking spaces for vehicles, other than 
recreational vehicles, to be 16 feet wide minimum to accommodate vans 
equipped with a lift or ramp. Where two adjacent parking spaces are 
provided for vehicles, other than recreational vehicles, one of the 
parking spaces is permitted to be 8 feet wide minimum.
1012.4 Surface
    This section requires the surface of parking spaces and pull-up 
spaces to be firm and stable.
1012.5 Slope
    This section requires the slope of the surface of parking spaces 
and pull-up spaces to not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction. Where 
the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes not 
steeper than 1:20 are permitted when necessary for drainage.
1013 Tent Pads & Tent Platforms
1013.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for tent pads and 
tent platforms provided within camping units with mobility features. 
Tent pads and tent platforms are defined spaces with prepared surfaces 
for setting up and securing tents. The technical requirements address 
the clear ground space around tent pads and tent platforms (1013.2); 
the slope of tent pads, tent platforms, and clear ground spaces 
(1013.2); and the height of tent platforms (1013.4). When an entity 
determines that a condition in 1019 does not permit full compliance 
with a specific provision in 1013, the tent pad or tent platform is 
permitted to comply with the provision to the extent practicable.
1013.2 Clear Ground Space
    This section requires a clear ground space 4 feet wide minimum to 
be provided on all usable sides of tent pads and tent platforms to 
enable individuals who use wheeled mobility devices to set up and take 
down the tent. The usable sides of tent pads and tent platforms are the 
sides that can be used when setting up and taking down a tent. All 
sides of tent pads and tent platforms are generally usable, unless a 
tent pad or tent platform is located next to a natural feature such as 
a rock or tree that renders a side not usable. This section also 
requires the surface of the clear ground space to be firm and stable 
and to allow the use of tent stakes or other tent securement devices.
1013.3 Slope
    This section requires the slope of the surface of tent pads, tent 
platforms, and clear ground spaces to not be steeper than 1:48 in any 
direction. Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 are permitted when necessary for 
drainage.
1013.4 Height
    This section requires tent platforms to be 19 inches high maximum 
measured from the clear ground space to the tent platform surface.
1014 Camp Shelters
1014.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for camp shelters 
with mobility features. The technical requirements address the entrance 
to camp shelters (1014.2), including transfer access (1014.2.1) and 
roll-in access (1014.2.2); and the floor within camp shelters (1014.3).
    Two exceptions are provided. When an entity determines that a 
condition in 1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific 
provision in 1014, Exception 1 permits the camp shelter to comply with 
the provision to the extent practicable. Exception 2 does not require 
camp shelters to comply with the technical requirements for protruding 
objects in 307 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility 
Guidelines.
1014.2 Entrance
    This section requires camp shelters to provide either transfer 
access or roll-in access at the entrance to the camp shelter.
1014.2.1 Transfer Access
    Where transfer access is provided, this section requires a clear 
ground

[[Page 59487]]

space 36 inches minimum by 48 inches minimum positioned for a parallel 
approach to be provided at the entrance to the camp shelter, and one 
full unobstructed side of the clear ground space to adjoin or overlap 
an outdoor recreation access route or trail, as applicable, or another 
clear ground space. The surface of the clear ground space is required 
to be firm and stable, and to slope not steeper than 1:48 in any 
direction. Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 are permitted when necessary for 
drainage. The camp shelter floor at the entrance is required to be 19 
inches high maximum measured from the clear ground space. These 
requirements enable individuals who use wheeled mobility devices to 
transfer from their mobility device to the shelter floor
1014.2.2 Roll-in Access
    Where roll-in access is provided, this section requires a level or 
sloped entry route complying with the technical requirements for 
outdoor recreation access routes in 1016 or trails in 1017, as 
applicable, at the entrance to the camp shelter. The section also 
requires a turning space complying with 304.3 of the Architectural 
Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines to be provided within the camp 
shelter. These requirements enable individuals who use wheeled mobility 
devices to enter the shelter in their mobility device.
1014.3 Floor
    This section requires the floor surface within camp shelters to be 
firm and stable and to slope not steeper than 1:48 in any direction. 
Where the floor surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or boards, 
slopes not steeper than 1:20 are permitted when necessary for drainage.
1015 Viewing Areas
1015.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for viewing areas. 
The technical requirements address the clear ground space (1015.2) and 
viewing space (1015.3) at distinct viewing locations; the turning space 
within viewing areas (1015.4); and the surface (1015.5) and slope 
(1015.6) of the clear ground space and turning space. In alterations, 
when an entity determines that a condition in 1019 does not permit full 
compliance with a specific provision in 1015, the viewing area is 
permitted to comply with the provision to the extent practicable.
1015.2 Clear Ground Space
    This section requires a clear ground space 36 inches minimum by 48 
inches minimum positioned for either a forward or parallel approach to 
be provided at each distinct viewing location, and one full 
unobstructed side of the clear ground space to adjoin or overlap an 
outdoor recreation access route or trail, as applicable, or another 
clear ground space.
1015.3 Viewing Space
    This section requires each distinct viewing location to provide a 
viewing space adjacent to the clear ground space required by 1015.2 
through which the point of interest is viewable. The viewing space is 
required to be 32 inches maximum and 51 inches minimum high above the 
ground and extend the full width of the clear ground space. Guards or 
similar safety barriers are permitted to obstruct the viewing space to 
the extent the obstruction is necessary for the guard or safety barrier 
to serve its intended purpose.
1015.4 Turning Space
    This section requires a turning space complying with 304.3 of the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines to be provided 
within the viewing area.
1015.5 Surface
    This section requires the surface of the clear ground space and 
turning space to be firm and stable.
1015.6 Slope
    This section requires the slope of the surface of the clear ground 
space and turning space to not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction. 
Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes 
not steeper than 1:20 are permitted when necessary for drainage.
1016 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes
1016.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for outdoor 
recreation access routes. The technical requirements address the 
surface of outdoor recreation access routes, passing spaces, and 
resting intervals (1016.2); the clear width of outdoor recreation 
access routes (1016.3); passing spaces (1016.4); obstacles (1016.5); 
openings (1016.6); slopes, including running slope (1016.7.1) and cross 
slope (1016.7.2); resting intervals (1016.8); and protruding objects 
(1016.9).
    Three exceptions are provided. Exception 1 applies to alterations 
of existing camping facilities, picnic facilities, and trailheads. 
Exception 2 applies to new construction and alterations of viewing 
areas. When an entity determines that a condition in 1019 does not 
permit full compliance with a specific provision in 1016 on a portion 
of an outdoor recreation access route, Exceptions 1 and 2 permit the 
portion of the outdoor recreation access route to comply with the 
provision to the extent practicable. Exception 3 exempts outdoor 
recreation access routes that are provided within vehicular ways from 
complying with the technical requirements for passing spaces (1016.4); 
running slope (1016.7.1) and cross slope (1016.7.2); and resting 
intervals (1016.8).
1016.2 Surface
    This section requires the surface of outdoor recreation access 
routes, passing spaces, and resting intervals to be firm and stable.
1016.3 Clear Width
    This section requires the clear width of outdoor recreation access 
routes to be 36 inches minimum.
1016.4 Passing Spaces
    This section requires passing spaces to be provided at intervals of 
200 feet maximum where the clear width of outdoor recreation access 
routes is less than 60 inches. Entities should consider providing 
either 60 inches minimum clear width on outdoor recreation access 
routes or passing spaces at shorter intervals where the route is 
heavily used or adjoins elements, spaces, or facilities that are 
heavily used; or where the route is a boardwalk or otherwise not at the 
same level as the adjoining ground surface.
    Passing spaces are required to be:
     A space 60 inches minimum by 60 inches minimum; or
     The intersection of two outdoor recreation access routes 
providing a T-shaped space complying with 304.3.2 of the Architectural 
Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines where the base and the arms of 
the T-shaped space extend 48 inches minimum beyond the intersection.
    Where the intersection of two outdoor recreation access routes 
serves as a passing space, the vertical alignment of the routes at the 
intersection that form the T-shaped space is required to be nominally 
planar (i.e., as flat as possible) so that all the wheels of a mobility 
device touch the ground when turning into and out of the passing space.
    Passing spaces and resting intervals are permitted to overlap. 
Where passing spaces and resting intervals overlap, the technical 
requirements for resting intervals in 1016.8.3 require the slope of the 
surface to not be steeper than 1:48

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in any direction. Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 are permitted when necessary for 
drainage. Otherwise, passing space surfaces have the same slopes as the 
adjoining outdoor recreation access route.
1016.5 Obstacles
    This section contains technical requirements for obstacles on 
outdoor recreation access routes, passing spaces, and resting 
intervals. The vertical alignment of joints in concrete, asphalt, or 
board surfaces on outdoor recreation access routes can be obstacles. 
Natural features such as tree roots and rocks on outdoor recreation 
access routes also can be obstacles. Where an outdoor recreation access 
route is provided within a vehicular way, traffic calming devices can 
be obstacles. This section requires obstacles to not exceed \1/2\ inch 
in height measured vertically to the highest point. Where the surface 
is other than concrete, asphalt, or boards, obstacles are permitted to 
not exceed 1 inch in height measured vertically to the highest point.
    The frequency of obstacles and obstacles that cross the full width 
of outdoor recreation access routes can make travel difficult for 
individuals who use wheeled mobility devices. Where possible, obstacles 
that cross the full width of outdoor recreation access routes should be 
separated by 48 inches minimum so individuals who use wheeled mobility 
devices can cross the obstacle before confronting another obstacle.
1016.6 Openings
    This section requires openings in the surface of outdoor recreation 
access routes, passing spaces, and resting intervals such as spaces 
between the boards in a boardwalk and drainage grates to not allow 
passage of a sphere more than \1/2\ inch in diameter. Where possible, 
drainage grates should be located outside the minimum clear width of 
the recreation access route. Elongated openings should be placed so 
that the long dimension is perpendicular, or as close to perpendicular 
as possible, to the dominant direction of travel.
1016.7 Slopes
    This section contains technical requirements for the maximum 
running slope and segment length (1016.7.1) and cross slope (1016.7.2) 
of outdoor recreation access routes.
1016.7.1 Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length
    This section requires the running slope of any segment of an 
outdoor recreation access route to not be steeper than 1:10 (10%). 
Where the running slope of a segment of an outdoor recreation access 
route is steeper than 1:20 (5%), the maximum length of the segment is 
specified in Table 1016.7.1, and a resting interval is required at the 
top and bottom of each segment. Gradual running slopes are more useable 
by individuals with disabilities. Where the terrain results in steeper 
running slopes, resting intervals are required more frequently. Where 
running slopes are less severe, resting intervals are permitted to be 
further apart.
1016.7.2 Cross Slope
    This section requires the cross slope of outdoor recreation access 
routes to not be steeper than 1:48. Where the surface is other than 
asphalt, concrete, or boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 are 
permitted when necessary for drainage.
1016.8 Resting Intervals
    This section contains the technical requirements for the length 
(1016.8.1), width (1016.8.2), and slope (1016.8.3) of resting 
intervals; and for a turning space (1016.8.4) where resting intervals 
are provided adjacent to an outdoor recreation access route.
1016.8.1 Length
    This section requires resting intervals to be 60 inches long 
minimum.
1016.8.2 Width
    This section requires resting intervals that are provided within an 
outdoor recreation access route to be at least as wide as the widest 
segment of the outdoor recreation access route leading to the resting 
interval. Resting intervals that are provided adjacent to an outdoor 
recreation access route are required to be 36 inches wide minimum.
1016.8.3 Slope
    This section requires the slope of resting intervals to not be 
steeper than 1:48 in any direction. Where the surface is other than 
asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 are 
permitted when necessary for drainage.
1016.8.4 Turning Space
    This section requires a turning space complying with 304.2.3 of the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines where resting 
intervals are provided adjacent to an outdoor recreation access route. 
The vertical alignment of the outdoor recreation access route, turning 
space, and resting interval is required to be nominally planar (i.e., 
as flat as possible) so that all the wheels of a mobility device touch 
the ground when turning into and out of the resting interval.
1016.9 Protruding Objects
    This section requires constructed elements on outdoor recreation 
access routes, resting intervals, and passing spaces to comply with the 
technical requirements for protruding objects in 307 of the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines. Protruding objects 
can be hazardous for individuals who are blind or have low vision. 
Signs and other post mounted objects are examples of constructed 
elements that can be protruding objects. Natural elements such as tree 
branches are not required to comply with the technical requirements for 
protruding objects in 307 of the Architectural Barriers Act 
Accessibility Guidelines. However, entities should maintain the 
vertical clearance along outdoor recreation access routes, resting 
intervals, and passing spaces free from tree branches for 80 inches 
high minimum above the ground.
1017 Trails
1017.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for trails. The 
technical requirements address the surface of the trails, passing 
spaces, and resting intervals (1017.2); the clear tread width of trails 
(1017.3); passing spaces (1017.4); tread obstacles (1017.5); openings 
(1017.6); slopes, including running slope (1017.7.1) and cross slope 
(1017.7.2); resting intervals (1017.8); protruding objects (1017.9); 
and trailhead signs (1017.10).
    Two exceptions are provided. When an entity determines that a 
condition in 1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific 
provision in 1017 on a portion of a trail, Exception 1 permits the 
portion of trail to comply with the provision to the extent 
practicable. When an entity determines that it is impracticable for the 
entire trail to comply with the technical requirements in 1017, 
Exception 2 exempts the entire trail from complying with the 
requirements. This determination is made after the entity applies 
Exception 1 to portions of the trail. The entity should consider the 
portions of the trail that can and cannot fully comply with the 
specific provisions in 1017 and the extent of compliance where full 
compliance cannot be achieved when determining whether it would be

[[Page 59489]]

impracticable for the entire trail to comply with the technical 
requirements in 1017. As discussed under F201.4.1, federal agencies are 
required to document the basis for their determination when using 
Exceptions 1 or 2, and are required notify us when using Exception 2.
1017.2 Surface
    This section requires the surface of trails, passing spaces, and 
resting intervals to be firm and stable. A firm trail surface resists 
deformation by indentations. A stable trail surface is not permanently 
affected by expected weather conditions and can sustain normal wear and 
tear from the expected uses between planned maintenance.
1017.3 Clear Tread Width
    This section requires the clear tread width of trails to be 36 
inches minimum. The 36 inches minimum clear tread width is to be 
maintained for the entire distance of the trail and may not be reduced 
by gates, barriers, or other obstacles unless an entity determines 
under Exception 1 to 1017.1 that a condition in 1019 does not permit 
full compliance with the provision.
    Where gates and barriers require wheelchair users to make 90 degree 
or 180 degree turns, sufficient space should be provided for wheelchair 
users to make the turns. We and National Institute on Disability and 
Rehabilitation Research sponsored research to collect anthropometric 
data from a sample of about 500 individuals who use manual wheelchairs, 
power wheelchairs, and scooters. The research is known as the 
Anthropometry of Wheeled Mobility Project and was conducted by the 
Center for Inclusive Design and Environmental Access in the School of 
Architecture and Planning, University at Buffalo, The State University 
of New York. The reports on the Anthropometry of Wheeled Mobility 
Project are available at: http://www.udeworld.com/anthropometrics.html. 
The reports provide data on turning spaces for manual wheelchairs, 
power wheelchairs, and scooters.
1017.4 Passing Spaces
    This section requires passing spaces to be provided at intervals of 
1000 feet maximum where the clear tread width of trails is less than 60 
inches. Entities should consider providing either 60 inches minimum 
clear tread width on trails or passing spaces at shorter intervals 
where the trail is heavily used or where the trail is a boardwalk or 
otherwise not at the same level as the adjoining ground surface. Where 
the full length of a trail does not fully comply with the technical 
requirements in 1017, a passing space is required to be located at the 
end of the trail segment that fully complies with the technical 
requirements 1017 to enable individuals who use wheeled mobility 
devices to turn and exit the trail.
    Passing spaces are required to be:
     A space 60 inches minimum by 60 inches minimum; or
     The intersection of two trails providing a T-shaped space 
complying with 304.3.2 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility 
Guidelines where the base and the arms of the T-shaped space extend 48 
inches minimum beyond the intersection.
    Where the intersection of two trails serves as a passing space, the 
vertical alignment of the trails at the intersection that form the T-
shaped space is required to be nominally planar (i.e., as flat as 
possible) so that all the wheels of a mobility device touch the ground 
when turning into and out of the passing space.
    Passing spaces and resting intervals are permitted to overlap. 
Where passing spaces and resting intervals overlap, the technical 
requirements for resting intervals in 1017.8.3 require the slope of the 
surface to not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction. Where the surface 
is other than asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes not steeper than 
1:20 are permitted when necessary for drainage. Otherwise, passing 
space surfaces have the same slopes as the adjoining trail tread.
1017.5 Tread Obstacles
    This section contains technical requirements for tread obstacles on 
trails, passing spaces, and resting intervals. The vertical alignment 
of joints in concrete, asphalt, or board surfaces on trails can be 
tread obstacles. Natural features such as tree roots and rocks within 
the trail tread also can be obstacles. This section requires obstacles 
to not exceed \1/2\ inch in height measured vertically to the highest 
point. Where the surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or boards, 
obstacles are permitted to not exceed 2 inches in height measured 
vertically to the highest point.
    The frequency of tread obstacles and tread obstacles that cross the 
full width of the trail tread can make travel difficult for individuals 
who use wheeled mobility devices. Where possible, tread obstacles that 
cross the full width of the trail tread should be separated by 48 
inches minimum so individuals who use wheeled mobility devices can 
cross the obstacle before confronting another obstacle.
1017.6 Openings
    This section requires openings in the surface of trails, passing 
spaces, and resting intervals such as spaces between the boards in a 
boardwalk to not allow passage of a sphere more than \1/2\ inch in 
diameter. Elongated openings should be placed so that the long 
dimension is perpendicular, or as close to perpendicular as possible, 
to the dominant direction of travel.
1017.7 Slopes
    This section contains technical requirements for the maximum 
running slope and segment length (1017.7.1) and cross slope (1017.7.2) 
of trails.
1017.7.1 Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length
    This section requires that not more than 30 percent of the total 
length of a trail have a running slope steeper than 1:12 (8.33%), and 
that the running slope of any segment of a trail not be steeper than 
1:8 (12%). Where the running slope of a segment a trail is steeper than 
1:20 (5%), the maximum length of the segment is specified in Table 
1017.7.1, and a resting interval is required at the top and bottom of 
each segment. Gradual running slopes are more useable by individuals 
with disabilities. Where the terrain results in steeper running slopes, 
resting intervals are required more frequently. Where running slopes 
are less severe, resting intervals are permitted to be further apart.
1017.7.2 Cross Slope
    This section requires the cross slope of trails to not be steeper 
than 1:48. Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 are permitted when necessary 
for drainage.
1017.8 Resting Intervals
    This section contains the technical requirements for the length 
(1017.8.1), width (1017.8.2), and slope (1017.8.3) of resting 
intervals; and for a turning space (1017.8.4) where resting intervals 
are provided adjacent to a trail.
1017.8.1 Length
    This section requires resting intervals to be 60 inches long 
minimum.
1017.8.2 Width
    This section requires resting intervals that are provided within 
the trail tread to be at least as wide as the widest segment of the 
trail tread leading to the resting interval. Resting intervals that are 
provided adjacent to the trail tread are required to be 36 inches wide 
minimum.

[[Page 59490]]

1017.8.3 Slope
    This section requires the slope of resting intervals to not be 
steeper than 1:48 in any direction. Where the surface is other than 
asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 are 
permitted when necessary for drainage.
1017.8.4 Turning Space
    This section requires a turning space complying with 304.2.3 of the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines where resting 
intervals are provided adjacent to the trail tread. The vertical 
alignment of the trail tread, turning space, and resting interval is 
required to be nominally planar (i.e., as flat as possible) so that all 
the wheels of a mobility device touch the ground when turning in and 
out of the resting interval.
1017.9 Protruding Objects
    This section requires constructed elements on trails, resting 
intervals, and passing spaces to comply with the technical requirements 
for protruding objects in 307 of the Architectural Barriers Act 
Accessibility Guidelines. Protruding objects can be hazardous for 
individuals who are blind or have low vision. Signs and other post 
mounted objects are examples of constructed elements that can be 
protruding objects. Natural elements such as tree branches are not 
required to comply with the technical requirements for protruding 
objects in 307 of the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility 
Guidelines. However, entities should maintain the vertical clearance 
along the trail tread, resting intervals, and passing spaces free from 
tree branches for 80 inches high minimum above the ground.
1017.10 Trailhead Signs
    This section requires trail information signs at trailheads to 
include information on the length of the trail or trail segment; 
surface type; typical and minimum tread width; typical and maximum 
running slope; and typical and maximum cross slope. This information 
enables individuals with disabilities to decide whether to hike the 
trail based on the characteristics of the trail. Entities also should 
provide information about the accessibility of trails on Web sites.
1018 Beach Access Routes
1018.1 General
    This section contains the technical requirements for beach access 
routes. The technical requirements address connections (1018.2); 
surface (1018.3); clear width (1018.4); obstacles (1018.5); openings 
(1018.6); slopes, including running slope (1018.7.1) and cross slope 
(1018.7.2); resting intervals (1018.8); protruding objects (1018.9); 
and dune crossings (1018.10).
    Three exceptions are provided. When an entity determines that a 
condition in 1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific 
provision in 1018 on a portion of a beach access route, Exception 1 
permits the portion of route to comply with the provision to the extent 
practicable. When an entity determines that it is impracticable to 
provide a beach access route complying with the technical requirements 
in 1018, Exception 2 does not require a beach access route. This 
determination is made after the entity applies Exception 1 to portions 
of the route. The entity should consider the portions of the beach 
access route that can and cannot fully comply with the specific 
provisions in 1018 and the extent of compliance where full compliance 
cannot be achieved when determining whether it would be impracticable 
to provide a beach access route complying with the technical 
requirements in 1018. Exception 3 exempts removable beach access routes 
from complying with the technical requirements for running slope 
(1018.7.1) and cross slope (1018.7.2); resting intervals (1018.8); and 
dune crossings (1018.10). As discussed under F201.4.1, federal agencies 
are required to document the basis for their determination when using 
Exceptions 1 or 2, and are required to notify us when using Exception 
2.
1018.2 Connections
    This section requires beach access routes to connect an entry point 
to the beach to the high tide level at tidal beaches; mean high water 
level at river beaches; and normal recreation water level at lake, 
pond, and reservoir beaches.
1018.3 Surface
    This section requires the surface of beach access routes and 
resting intervals to be firm and stable.
1018.4 Clear Width
    This section requires the clear width of beach access routes to be 
60 inches minimum to enable individuals who use wheeled mobility 
devices to pass beach visitors traveling in the opposite direction. An 
exception permits the clear width of beach access routes that are not 
removable to be reduced to 48 inches minimum at dune crossings.
    Where gates or barriers are installed to control access to beaches, 
the gates or barriers should permit the passage of beach wheelchairs. 
Beach wheelchairs have large, wide wheels that can roll across sand 
without sinking. Gates or barriers that have clear openings at least 48 
inches wide will accommodate most beach wheelchairs.
1018.5 Obstacles
    This section contains technical requirements for obstacles on beach 
access routes and resting intervals. The vertical alignment of boards 
on a beach access route or removable sections of a beach access route 
can be obstacles. This section requires obstacles to not exceed \1/2\ 
inch in height measured vertically to the highest point. Where the 
surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or boards, obstacles are 
permitted to not exceed 1 inch in height measured vertically to the 
highest point.
1018.6 Openings
    This section requires openings in the surface of beach access 
routes and resting intervals such as spaces between boards to not allow 
passage of a sphere more than \1/2\ inch in diameter. Elongated 
openings should be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular, 
or as close to perpendicular as possible, to the dominant direction of 
travel.
1018.7 Slopes
    This section contains technical requirements for the maximum 
running slope and segment length (1018.7.1) and cross slope (1018.7.2) 
of beach access routes.
1018.7.1 Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length
    This section requires that the running slope of any segment of a 
beach access route not be steeper than 1:10 (10%). Where the running 
slope of a segment a beach access route is steeper than 1:20 (5%), the 
maximum length of the segment is specified in Table 1018.7.1, and a 
resting interval is required at the top and bottom of each segment. 
Gradual running slopes are more useable by individuals with 
disabilities. Where the terrain results in steeper running slopes, 
resting intervals are required more frequently. Where running slopes 
are less severe, resting intervals are permitted to be further apart.
1018.7.2 Cross Slope
    This section requires the cross slope of beach access routes to not 
be steeper than 1:48. Where the surface is other than asphalt, 
concrete, or boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 are permitted 
when necessary for drainage.

[[Page 59491]]

1018.8 Resting Intervals
    This section contains the technical requirements for the size 
(1018.8.1) and slope (1017.8.2) of resting intervals.
1018.8.1 Size
    This section requires resting intervals to be 60 inches minimum by 
60 inches minimum.
1018.8.2 Slope
    This section requires the slope of resting intervals to not be 
steeper than 1:48 in any direction. Where the surface is other than 
asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 are 
permitted when necessary for drainage.
1018.9 Protruding Objects
    This section requires constructed elements on beach access routes 
and resting intervals to comply with the technical requirements for 
protruding objects in 307 of the Architectural Barriers Act 
Accessibility Guidelines. Protruding objects can be hazardous for 
individuals who are blind or have low vision. Signs and other post 
mounted objects are examples of constructed elements that can be 
protruding objects.
1018.10 Dune Crossings
    This section requires handrails complying with 505 of the 
Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines and curbs or 
barriers to be provided where the slope of a beach access route at a 
dune crossing is steeper than 1:20 (5%). The curbs or barriers are 
required to prevent the passage of a 2 inch diameter sphere, where any 
portion of the sphere is within 2 inches of the crossing surface.
1019 Conditions for Exceptions
1019.1 General
    This section lists the conditions for the exceptions to specific 
provisions in 1011, 1013, 1014, 1015, 1016, 1017, and 1018. When an 
entity determines that any of the following conditions does not permit 
full compliance with the provision, compliance is required to the 
extent practicable:
     Compliance is not practicable due to terrain.
     Compliance cannot be accomplished with the prevailing 
construction practices.
     Compliance would fundamentally alter the function or 
purpose of the facility or the setting.
     Compliance is limited or precluded by any of the following 
laws, or by decisions or opinions issued or agreements executed 
pursuant to any of the following laws: Endangered Species Act; National 
Environmental Policy Act; National Historic Preservation Act; 
Wilderness Act; or other federal, state, or local law the purpose of 
which is to preserve threatened or endangered species; the environment; 
or archaeological, cultural, historical, or other significant natural 
features.
    The last condition allows the following to be a basis for using the 
exceptions:
     Opinions issued by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant 
to the Endangered Species Act stating how a federal agency can 
implement an action without jeopardizing the continued existence of any 
endangered species or threatened species, or destroying or adversely 
modifying the habitat of such species (16 U.S.C. 1536 (b) (3) (A));
     Decisions issued by a federal agency pursuant to the 
National Environmental Policy Act in actions requiring environmental 
impact statements stating how it will avoid or minimize environmental 
harm (42 U.S.C. 4332; 40 CFR 1505.2);
     Agreements executed or decisions issued by a federal 
agency pursuant to National Historic Preservation Act stating how it 
will avoid, minimize, or mitigate adverse effects on historical 
properties (16 U.S.C. 470f and 470h-2; 36 CFR 800.6 (b) (iv) and 800.7 
(c) (4)); and
     Provisions in the Wilderness Act that require federal 
agencies to preserve the wilderness character of designated wilderness 
areas and prohibit any structure or installation within such areas (16 
U.S.C. 1131 (b) and (c)).

7. Regulatory Analyses

Executive Order 13563 (Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review) and 
Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review)

    This final rule is not a significant regulatory action. We adhered 
to the principles of regulation in Executive Orders 13563 and 12866. 
Among other things, Executive Order 13563 directs agencies to propose 
or adopt a regulation only upon a reasoned determination that its 
benefits justify its costs; tailor the regulation to impose the least 
burden on society, consistent with obtaining the regulatory objectives; 
and, in choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, select those 
approaches that maximize net benefits. Executive Order 13563 recognizes 
that some benefits are difficult to quantify and provides that, where 
appropriate and permitted by law, agencies may consider and discuss 
qualitatively values that are difficult or impossible to quantify, 
including equity, human dignity, fairness, and distributive impacts.
    We prepared a regulatory assessment for the final rule. The 
regulatory assessment is available at: http://www.access-board.gov/outdoor (click on Background). The costs and benefits of the final rule 
are discussed below.
Costs
    The regulatory assessment compares the final rule to the guidelines 
and standards used by federal agencies for the design of outdoor 
developed areas without regard to accessibility to determine whether 
the final rule would result in additional costs. The regulatory 
assessment shows that the final rule would not result in additional 
costs for camping facilities and picnic facilities. The regulatory 
assessment shows that the final rule would result in additional costs 
for viewing areas, trails, and beach access routes as shown in Table 4.

                                   Table 4--Additional Costs Due to Final Rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Viewing Areas...............................  $2,176 for dual base binocular scopes and $3,380 for a dual base
                                               telescopes, if viewing scopes provided at viewing areas.
Trails......................................  $40,655 per trail mile, if trail would not otherwise meet the
                                               technical requirements and the exceptions to the technical
                                               requirements do not apply to the trail.
Beach Access Routes.........................  $4,497 to $6,530 to purchase roll-out mats for beach access
                                               routes, if parking areas, toilet facilities, bathing facilities,
                                               and circulation paths serving beaches are constructed or altered
                                               or beach nourishment project is undertaken.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We estimate the federal agencies would incur $1.2 million 
additional annual costs due to the final rule for viewing areas, 
trails, and beach access routes as shown in Table 5.

[[Page 59492]]



                              Table 5--Additional Annual Costs for Federal Agencies
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Facility                                Total annual costs                           Assumptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Viewing Areas.................                                                  $241,971  Fish and Wildlife
                                                                                           Service provides a
                                                                                           viewing scope over
                                                                                           five years at 556
                                                                                           wildlife refuges to
                                                                                           enhance visitor
                                                                                           experiences.
Trails........................                                                   617,956  Federal agencies
                                                                                           construct 15.2 trail
                                                                                           miles per year
                                                                                           covered by the
                                                                                           scoping requirements
                                                                                           in F247 that would
                                                                                           not otherwise meet
                                                                                           the technical
                                                                                           requirements for
                                                                                           trails in 1017 and
                                                                                           the exceptions in
                                                                                           1017 do not apply to
                                                                                           the trails.
Beach Access Routes...........                                               \1\ 344,662  Federal agencies
                                                                                           provide beach access
                                                                                           routes at 1,025
                                                                                           beaches over 20 years
                                                                                           as parking areas,
                                                                                           restrooms, shower
                                                                                           facilities, and
                                                                                           circulation paths
                                                                                           serving the beaches
                                                                                           are altered or
                                                                                           replaced with new
                                                                                           facilities.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Estimate is based on higher cost for roll-out mats.

Benefits
    The final rule would increase opportunities for individuals with 
mobility disabilities to participate in outdoor recreation activities 
with their families and friends. Participation in outdoor recreation 
activities provides the following benefits:
     Physical health benefits, including reduces obesity, 
diminishes risk of chronic disease; and increases life expectancy;
     Mental health benefits, including reduces depression, 
relieves stress, and improves quality of life; and
     Community and social benefits, including unites families 
and promotes stewardship.\9\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \9\ These benefits are documented in California State Parks, The 
Health and Social Benefits of Recreation, 2005 at: http://www.parks.ca.gov/pages/795/files/health_benefits_online_6-1-05.pdf and Geoffrey Godbey, Outdoor Recreation, Health, and 
Wellness: Understanding and Enhancing the Relationship, 2009 at: 
http://www.rff.org/rff/documents/rff-dp-09-21.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The benefits are difficult to quantify, but include important 
national values recognized in Executive Order 13563 such as equity, 
human dignity, and fairness.
    The 2010 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 
sponsored by the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that among the civilian 
non-institutionalized population aged 15 and older, 30.6 million 
persons (12.6%) had limitations associated with ambulatory activities 
of the lower body.\10\ This number includes 23.9 million persons (9.9%) 
who had difficulty walking a quarter of a mile; 22.3 million (9.2%) who 
have difficulty climbing a flight of stairs; 11.6 million persons 
(4.8%) who used a cane, crutches, or walker to assist with mobility; 
and 3.6 million persons (1.5%) who use a wheelchair or scooter. Not all 
these persons are likely to directly benefit from the final rule 
because some may not participate in outdoor recreational activities. We 
do not have information to estimate the number of individuals with 
mobility disabilities who would directly benefit from the final rule.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \10\ Americans with Disabilities: 2010 available at: http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/p70-131.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act requires federal agencies to 
consider the impacts of their rules on small entities, analyze 
alternatives that minimize the impacts on small entities, and to make 
the analysis available to the public. See 5 U.S.C. 604. We certified 
that the proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on 
a substantial number of small entities because it would apply to 
federal agencies that administer outdoor areas developed for 
recreational purposes. Therefore, we did not prepare an initial 
regulatory flexibility analysis for the proposed rule. However, the 
Architectural Barriers Act also applies to facilities constructed or 
altered by non-federal entities on behalf of the United States. We 
prepared a final regulatory flexibility analysis for the final rule to 
consider the impacts of the final rule on small entities that construct 
or alter recreation facilities on federal lands on behalf of federal 
agencies pursuant to a concession contract, partnership agreement, or 
similar arrangement.

Need for and Objective of Final Rule

    The Architectural Barriers Act requires facilities constructed or 
altered by or on behalf of federal agencies to be readily accessible to 
and usable by individuals with disabilities. Certain agencies are 
required to adopt accessibility standards for the design, construction, 
and alteration of facilities covered by the Architectural Barriers Act. 
We are required by section 502 of the Rehabilitation Act to establish 
and maintain minimum guidelines and requirements for the accessibility 
standards adopted the federal agencies. We are issuing the final rule 
pursuant to this authority to establish accessibility guidelines for 
camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, trails, and beach 
access routes constructed or altered by or behalf of federal agencies 
that administer outdoor developed areas.

Significant Issues Raised by Public Comments in Response to the Initial 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis

    As noted above, we certified that the proposed rule would not have 
a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities. Therefore, we did not prepare an initial regulatory 
flexibility analysis for the proposed rule.

Response to Comments Filed by Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small 
Business Administration

    The Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration 
did not file comments on the proposed rule.

Small Entities Affected by Rule

    The final rule affects small entities that construct or alter 
camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, trails, and beach 
facilities on federal lands pursuant to a concession contract, 
partnership agreement, or similar arrangement with the following 
federal agencies and their components: U.S. Department of Agriculture 
(Forest Service), U.S. Department of Defense (Army Corps of Engineers), 
and U.S. Department of the Interior (Bureau of Land Management, Bureau 
of Reclamation, Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service). Data 
are not available on the number of small entities that construct or 
alter camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing

[[Page 59493]]

areas, trails, and beach facilities on federal lands pursuant to a 
concession contract, partnership agreement, or similar arrangement with 
the federal agencies. Small entities that construct facilities of 
federal land pursuant to a concession contract with federal agencies 
can include the costs of the capital improvements, including additional 
costs due to the final rule, in the contract bids and the costs can be 
offset in the concession fees paid to the federal agencies.

Compliance Requirements in Final Rule

    The final rule contains scoping and technical requirements for 
camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, trails, and beach 
access routes. Scoping requirements specify what features are required 
to be accessible and, where multiple features of the same type are 
provided, how many of the features are required to be accessible. The 
scoping requirements in the final rule are summarized in Table 1 under 
Executive Summary. Technical requirements specify the design criteria 
for accessible features. The technical requirements include design 
criteria for the following outdoor constructed features: picnic tables, 
fire rings, grills, fireplaces, wood stoves, trash and recycling 
receptacles, water hydrants, utility and sewage hookups, outdoor 
rinsing showers, benches, and viewing scopes. The technical 
requirements also include design criteria for parking spaces within 
camping units and picnic units with mobility features; pull-up spaces 
for recreational vehicles at dump stations; tent pads and tent 
platforms; camp shelters; viewing areas; outdoor recreation access 
routes; trails; and beach access routes.

Steps To Minimize Significant Economic Impacts on Small Entities

    The final rules permits exceptions to the specific provisions in 
the technical requirements for certain elements and facilities based on 
the conditions listed in Table 2 under Executive Summary. When an 
entity determines that a condition does not permit full compliance with 
a provision, compliance is required to the extent practicable. The 
final rule allows exemptions for an entire trail or beach access route 
when an entity determines that is impracticable for a trail to comply 
with the technical requirements for trails or to provide a beach access 
route complying with the technical requirements for beach access 
routes. This determination is made after the entity applies the 
exceptions for specific provisions in the technical requirements for 
trails or beach access routes to portions of the trail or route.

Executive Order 13132 (Federalism)

    The final rule does not have federalism implications as defined in 
Executive Order 13112. The final rule does not have substantial direct 
effects on the states or on the relationship, or the distribution of 
power and responsibilities, between the federal government and the 
states.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The final rule does not impose a federal intergovernmental mandate 
or federal private sector mandate as those terms are defined in the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. Any duties imposed on state, local, or 
tribal governments or on the private sector arise from participation in 
a voluntary federal program.

List of Subjects in 36 CFR Part 1191

    Buildings and facilities, Civil rights, Incorporation by reference, 
Individuals with disabilities, Transportation.

Karen L. Braitmayer,
Chair.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, we amend 36 CFR part 1191 
as follows:

PART 1191--AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY 
GUIDELINES FOR BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES; ARCHITECTURAL BARRIERS ACT 
(ABA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES

0
1. The authority citation for 36 CFR part 1191 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 29 U.S.C. 792 (b)(3); 42 U.S.C. 12204.

0
2-3. In Sec.  1191.1, redesignate Note 1 to paragraph (a) as Note 3 and 
add new Notes 1 and 2 to paragraph (a) and redesignate Notes 1 and 2 to 
paragraph (b) as Notes 2 and 3 and add new Notes 1 and 4 to paragraph 
(b) to read as follows:


Sec.  1191.1  Accessibility guidelines.

    (a) * * *

    Note 1 to paragraph (a): 1. Advisory sections and figures that 
illustrate the technical requirements in Appendix D are available on 
the Internet at: www.access-board.gov. The advisory sections provide 
guidance only and do not contain mandatory requirements.


    Note 2 to paragraph (a): 2. The Department of Justice adopted 
the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (2010 Standards) as the 
regulatory standards for the new construction and alteration of 
facilities subject to its regulations under the Americans with 
Disabilities Act (ADA), effective March 15, 2012. 28 CFR 
35.151(c)(3), as amended at 75 FR 56163, September 15, 2010; and 28 
CFR 36.406(a)(3), as amended at 75 FR 56236, September 15, 2010. For 
state and local governments, the 2010 Standards consist of the 
regulations at 28 CFR 35.151 and the versions of Appendices B and D 
to this part published in the 2009 edition of the Code of Federal 
Regulations. 28 CFR 35.104. For public accommodations and commercial 
facilities, the 2010 Standards consist of the regulations at 28 CFR 
part 36, subpart D and the versions of Appendices B and D to this 
part published in the 2009 edition of the Code of Federal 
Regulations. 28 CFR 36.104. Because Appendices B and D to this part, 
as published in the 2009 edition of the Code of Federal Regulations, 
were adopted by reference by the Department of Justice as part of 
the 2010 Standards for new construction and alteration of facilities 
subject to its ADA regulations, subsequent revisions to Appendices B 
and D by the Access Board are not included in the 2010 Standards and 
have no legal effect for facilities subject to its ADA regulations 
until adopted by the Department of Justice. Therefore, the public is 
cautioned not to use Appendices B and D to this part published in 
any edition of the Code of Federal Regulations after 2013, until 
such time as the later edition is adopted by the Department of 
Justice as a regulatory standard. Complete copies of the 2010 
Standards can be obtained from the Department of Justice's ADA Web 
site at: http://www.ada.gov/2010ADAstandards_index.htm, or by 
contacting the DOJ Information Line, at: 800-514-0301 (Voice) or 
800-514-0383 (TTY).

* * * * *
    (b) * * *

    Note 1 to paragraph (b): 1. Advisory sections and figures that 
illustrate the technical requirements in Appendix D are available on 
the Internet at: www.access-board.gov. The advisory sections provide 
guidance only and do not contain mandatory requirements.

* * * * *

    Note 4 to paragraph (b): 4. The Department of Defense adopted by 
reference Appendices B and D to this part as accessibility standards 
for the new construction and alteration of its facilities subject to 
the Architectural Barriers Act, effective October 31, 2008. Deputy 
Secretary of Defense Memorandum dated October 31, 2008, Access for 
People with Disabilities [available on the Internet at: http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/buildings-and-sites/about-the-aba-standards/background/dod-memorandum].


0
4. Revise appendix A to part 1191 to read as follows:

Appendix A to Part 1191--Table Of Contents

ADA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION

101 Purpose
102 Dimensions for Adults and Children
103 Equivalent Facilitation

[[Page 59494]]

104 Conventions
105 Referenced Standards
106 Definitions

ADA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

201 Application
202 Existing Buildings and Facilities
203 General Exceptions
204 Protruding Objects
205 Operable Parts
206 Accessible Routes
207 Accessible Means of Egress
208 Parking Spaces
209 Passenger Loading Zones and Bus Stops
210 Stairways
211 Drinking Fountains
212 Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Sinks
213 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities
214 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers
215 Fire Alarm Systems
216 Signs
217 Telephones
218 Transportation Facilities
219 Assistive Listening Systems
220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines
221 Assembly Areas
222 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms
223 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities
224 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms
225 Storage
226 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces
227 Sales and Service
228 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and 
Fuel Dispensers
229 Windows
230 Two-Way Communication Systems
231 Judicial Facilities
232 Detention Facilities and Correctional Facilities
233 Residential Facilities
234 Amusement Rides
235 Recreational Boating Facilities
236 Exercise Machines and Equipment
237 Fishing Piers and Platforms
238 Golf Facilities
239 Miniature Golf Facilities
240 Play Areas
241 Saunas and Steam Rooms
242 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas
243 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions

ABA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION

F101 Purpose
F102 Dimensions for Adults and Children
F103 Modifications and Waivers
F104 Conventions
F105 Referenced Standards
F106 Definitions

ABA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

F201 Application
F202 Existing Buildings and Facilities
F203 General Exceptions
F204 Protruding Objects
F205 Operable Parts
F206 Accessible Routes
F207 Accessible Means of Egress
F208 Parking Spaces
F209 Passenger Loading Zones and Bus Stops
F210 Stairways
F211 Drinking Fountains
F212 Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Sinks
F213 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities
F214 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers
F215 Fire Alarm Systems
F216 Signs
F217 Telephones
F218 Transportation Facilities
F219 Assistive Listening Systems
F220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines
F221 Assembly Areas
F222 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms
F223 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities
F224 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms
F225 Storage
F226 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces
F227 Sales and Service
F228 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, 
and Fuel Dispensers
F229 Windows
F230 Two-Way Communication Systems
F231 Judicial Facilities
F232 Detention Facilities and Correctional Facilities
F233 Residential Facilities
F234 Amusement Rides
F235 Recreational Boating Facilities
F236 Exercise Machines and Equipment
F237 Fishing Piers and Platforms
F238 Golf Facilities
F239 Miniature Golf Facilities
F240 Play Areas
F241 Saunas and Steam Rooms
F242 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas
F243 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions
F244 Camping Facilities
F245 Picnic Facilities
F246 Viewing Areas
F247 Trails
F248 Beach Access Routes

CHAPTER 3: BUILDING BLOCKS

301 General
302 Floor or Ground Surfaces
303 Changes in Level
304 Turning Space
305 Clear Floor or Ground Space
306 Knee and Toe Clearance
307 Protruding Objects
308 Reach Ranges
309 Operable Parts

CHAPTER 4: ACCESSIBLE ROUTES

401 General
402 Accessible Routes
403 Walking Surfaces
404 Doors, Doorways, and Gates
405 Ramps
406 Curb Ramps
407 Elevators
408 Limited-Use/Limited-Application Elevators
409 Private Residence Elevators
410 Platform Lifts

CHAPTER 5: GENERAL SITE AND BUILDING ELEMENTS

501 General
502 Parking Spaces
503 Passenger Loading Zones
504 Stairways
505 Handrails

CHAPTER 6: PLUMBING ELEMENTS AND FACILITIES

601 General
602 Drinking Fountains
603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms
604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments
605 Urinals
606 Lavatories and Sinks
607 Bathtubs
608 Shower Compartments
609 Grab Bars
610 Seats
611 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers
612 Saunas and Steam Rooms

CHAPTER 7: COMMUNICATION ELEMENTS AND FEATURES

701 General
702 Fire Alarm Systems
703 Signs
704 Telephones
705 Detectable Warnings
706 Assistive Listening Systems
707 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines
708 Two-Way Communication Systems

CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL ROOMS, SPACES, AND ELEMENTS

801 General
802 Wheelchair Spaces, Companion Seats, and Designated Aisle Seats
803 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms
804 Kitchens and Kitchenettes
805 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities
806 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms
807 Holding Cells and Housing Cells
808 Courtrooms
809 Residential Dwelling Units
810 Transportation Facilities
811 Storage

CHAPTER 9: BUILT-IN ELEMENTS

901 General
902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces
903 Benches
904 Check-Out Aisles and Sales and Service Counters

CHAPTER 10: RECREATION FACILITIES

1001 General
1002 Amusement Rides
1003 Recreational Boating Facilities
1004 Exercise Machines and Equipment
1005 Fishing Piers and Platforms
1006 Golf Facilities
1007 Miniature Golf Facilities
1008 Play Areas
1009 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas
1010 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions
1011 Outdoor Constructed Features
1012 Parking Spaces Within Camping Units and Picnic Units and Pull-
Up Spaces at Dump Stations
1013 Tent Pads and Tent Platforms
1014 Camp Shelters
1015 Viewing Areas
1016 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes
1017 Trails
1018 Beach Access Routes

[[Page 59495]]

1019 Conditions for Exceptions

0
5. Revise appendix B to part 1191 to read as follows:

Appendix B to Part 1191--Americans With Disabilities Act: Scoping

ADA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION

101 Purpose

    101.1 General. This document contains scoping and technical 
requirements for accessibility to sites, facilities, buildings, and 
elements by individuals with disabilities. The requirements are to 
be applied during the design, construction, additions to, and 
alteration of sites, facilities, buildings, and elements to the 
extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under the 
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).
    101.2 Effect on Removal of Barriers in Existing Facilities. This 
document does not address existing facilities unless altered at the 
discretion of a covered entity. The Department of Justice has 
authority over existing facilities that are subject to the 
requirement for removal of barriers under title III of the ADA. Any 
determination that this document applies to existing facilities 
subject to the barrier removal requirement is solely within the 
discretion of the Department of Justice and is effective only to the 
extent required by regulations issued by the Department of Justice.

102 Dimensions for Adults and Children

    102.1 General. The technical requirements are based on adult 
dimensions and anthropometrics. In addition, this document includes 
technical requirements based on children's dimensions and 
anthropometrics for drinking fountains, water closets, toilet 
compartments, lavatories and sinks, dining surfaces, and work 
surfaces.

103 Equivalent Facilitation

    103.1 General. Nothing in these requirements prevents the use of 
designs, products, or technologies as alternatives to those 
prescribed, provided they result in substantially equivalent or 
greater accessibility and usability.

104 Conventions

    104.1 Dimensions. Dimensions that are not stated as ``maximum'' 
or ``minimum'' are absolute.
    104.1.1 Construction and Manufacturing Tolerances. All 
dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances except 
where the requirement is stated as a range with specific minimum and 
maximum end points.
    104.2 Calculation of Percentages. Where the required number of 
elements or facilities to be provided is determined by calculations 
of ratios or percentages and remainders or fractions result, the 
next greater whole number of such elements or facilities shall be 
provided. Where the determination of the required size or dimension 
of an element or facility involves ratios or percentages, rounding 
down for values less than one half shall be permitted.

105 Referenced Standards

    105.1 General. The standards listed in 105.2 are incorporated by 
reference in this document and are part of the requirements to the 
prescribed extent of each such reference. The Director of the 
Federal Register has approved these standards for incorporation by 
reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. 
Copies of the referenced standards may be inspected at the 
Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board, 1331 F 
Street NW., Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20004; at the Department of 
Justice, Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section, 1425 New 
York Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20005; at the Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590; or 
at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For 
information on the availability of this material at NARA, call (202) 
741-6030, or go to http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html.
    105.2 Referenced Standards. The specific edition of the 
standards listed below are referenced in this document. Where 
differences occur between this document and the referenced 
standards, this document applies.
    105.2.1 ANSI/BHMA. Copies of the referenced standards may be 
obtained from the Builders Hardware Manufacturers Association, 355 
Lexington Avenue, 15th floor, New York, NY 10017 (http://www.buildershardware.com).
    ANSI/BHMA A156.10-1999 American National Standard for Power 
Operated Pedestrian Doors (see 404.3).
    ANSI/BHMA A156.19-1997 American National Standard for Power 
Assist and Low Energy Power Operated Doors (see 404.3, 408.3.2.1, 
and 409.3.1).
    ANSI/BHMA A156.19-2002 American National Standard for Power 
Assist and Low Energy Power Operated Doors (see 404.3, 408.3.2.1, 
and 409.3.1).
    105.2.2 ASME. Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained 
from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Two Park Avenue, 
New York, New York 10016 (http://www.asme.org).
    ASME A17.1-2000 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, 
including ASME A17.1a-2002 Addenda and ASME A17.1b-2003 Addenda (see 
407.1, 408.1, 409.1, and 810.9).
    ASME A18.1-1999 Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway 
Chairlifts, including ASME A18.1a-2001 Addenda and ASME A18.1b]2001 
Addenda (see 410.1).
    ASME A18.1-2003 Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway 
Chairlifts, (see 410.1).
    105.2.3 ASTM. Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained 
from the American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Bar Harbor 
Drive, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428 (http://www.astm.org).
    ASTM F1292-99 Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of 
Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment (see 
1008.2.6.2).
    ASTM F1292-04 Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of 
Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment (see 
1008.2.6.2).
    ASTM F1487-01 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification 
for Playground Equipment for Public Use (see 106.5).
    ASTM F1951-99 Standard Specification for Determination of 
Accessibility of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground 
Equipment (see 1008.2.6.1).
    105.2.4 ICC/IBC. Copies of the referenced standard may be 
obtained from the International Code Council, 500 New Jersey Avenue 
NW., Washington, DC 20001 (www.iccsafe.org).
    International Building Code, 2000 Edition (see 207.1, 207.2, 
216.4.2, 216.4.3, and 1005.2.1).
    International Building Code, 2001 Supplement (see 207.1 and 
207.2).
    International Building Code, 2003 Edition (see 207.1, 207.2, 
216.4.2, 216.4.3, and 1005.2.1).
    105.2.5 NFPA. Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained 
from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, 
Quincy, Massachusetts 02169 (http://www.nfpa.org).
    NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, 1999 Edition (see 702.1 and 
809.5.2).
    NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, 2002 Edition (see 702.1 and 
809.5.2).

106 Definitions

    106.1 General. For the purpose of this document, the terms 
defined in 106.5 have the indicated meaning.
    106.2 Terms Defined in Referenced Standards. Terms not defined 
in 106.5 or in regulations issued by the Department of Justice and 
the Department of Transportation to implement the Americans with 
Disabilities Act, but specifically defined in a referenced standard, 
shall have the specified meaning from the referenced standard unless 
otherwise stated.
    106.3 Undefined Terms. The meaning of terms not specifically 
defined in 106.5 or in regulations issued by the Department of 
Justice and the Department of Transportation to implement the 
Americans with Disabilities Act or in referenced standards shall be 
as defined by collegiate dictionaries in the sense that the context 
implies.
    106.4 Interchangeability. Words, terms and phrases used in the 
singular include the plural and those used in the plural include the 
singular.
    106.5 Defined Terms.
    Accessible. A site, building, facility, or portion thereof that 
complies with this part.
    Accessible Means of Egress. A continuous and unobstructed way of 
egress travel from any point in a building or facility that provides 
an accessible route to an area of refuge, a horizontal exit, or a 
public way.
    Addition. An expansion, extension, or increase in the gross 
floor area or height of a building or facility.
    Administrative Authority. A governmental agency that adopts or 
enforces regulations and guidelines for the design, construction, or 
alteration of buildings and facilities.
    Alteration. A change to a building or facility that affects or 
could affect the usability of the building or facility or portion 
thereof. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, 
renovation,

[[Page 59496]]

rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, resurfacing of 
circulation paths or vehicular ways, changes or rearrangement of the 
structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the 
plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions. Normal 
maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering, or changes to 
mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations unless they 
affect the usability of the building or facility.
    Amusement Attraction. Any facility, or portion of a facility, 
located within an amusement park or theme park which provides 
amusement without the use of an amusement device. Amusement 
attractions include, but are not limited to, fun houses, barrels, 
and other attractions without seats.
    Amusement Ride. A system that moves persons through a fixed 
course within a defined area for the purpose of amusement.
    Amusement Ride Seat. A seat that is built-in or mechanically 
fastened to an amusement ride intended to be occupied by one or more 
passengers.
    Area of Sport Activity. That portion of a room or space where 
the play or practice of a sport occurs.
    Assembly Area. A building or facility, or portion thereof, used 
for the purpose of entertainment, educational or civic gatherings, 
or similar purposes. For the purposes of these requirements, 
assembly areas include, but are not limited to, classrooms, lecture 
halls, courtrooms, public meeting rooms, public hearing rooms, 
legislative chambers, motion picture houses, auditoria, theaters, 
playhouses, dinner theaters, concert halls, centers for the 
performing arts, amphitheaters, arenas, stadiums, grandstands, or 
convention centers.
    Assistive Listening System (ALS). An amplification system 
utilizing transmitters, receivers, and coupling devices to bypass 
the acoustical space between a sound source and a listener by means 
of induction loop, radio frequency, infrared, or direct-wired 
equipment.
    Boarding Pier. A portion of a pier where a boat is temporarily 
secured for the purpose of embarking or disembarking.
    Boat Launch Ramp. A sloped surface designed for launching and 
retrieving trailered boats and other water craft to and from a body 
of water.
    Boat Slip. That portion of a pier, main pier, finger pier, or 
float where a boat is moored for the purpose of berthing, embarking, 
or disembarking.
    Building. Any structure used or intended for supporting or 
sheltering any use or occupancy.
    Catch Pool. A pool or designated section of a pool used as a 
terminus for water slide flumes.
    Characters. Letters, numbers, punctuation marks and typographic 
symbols.
    Children's Use. Describes spaces and elements specifically 
designed for use primarily by people 12 years old and younger.
    Circulation Path. An exterior or interior way of passage 
provided for pedestrian travel, including but not limited to, walks, 
hallways, courtyards, elevators, platform lifts, ramps, stairways, 
and landings.
    Closed-Circuit Telephone. A telephone with a dedicated line such 
as a house phone, courtesy phone or phone that must be used to gain 
entry to a facility.
    Common Use. Interior or exterior circulation paths, rooms, 
spaces, or elements that are not for public use and are made 
available for the shared use of two or more people.
    Cross Slope. The slope that is perpendicular to the direction of 
travel (see running slope).
    Curb Ramp. A short ramp cutting through a curb or built up to 
it.
    Detectable Warning. A standardized surface feature built in or 
applied to walking surfaces or other elements to warn of hazards on 
a circulation path.
    Element. An architectural or mechanical component of a building, 
facility, space, or site.
    Elevated Play Component. A play component that is approached 
above or below grade and that is part of a composite play structure 
consisting of two or more play components attached or functionally 
linked to create an integrated unit providing more than one play 
activity.
    Employee Work Area. All or any portion of a space used only by 
employees and used only for work. Corridors, toilet rooms, 
kitchenettes and break rooms are not employee work areas.
    Entrance. Any access point to a building or portion of a 
building or facility used for the purpose of entering. An entrance 
includes the approach walk, the vertical access leading to the 
entrance platform, the entrance platform itself, vestibule if 
provided, the entry door or gate, and the hardware of the entry door 
or gate.
    Facility. All or any portion of buildings, structures, site 
improvements, elements, and pedestrian routes or vehicular ways 
located on a site.
    Gangway. A variable-sloped pedestrian walkway that links a fixed 
structure or land with a floating structure. Gangways that connect 
to vessels are not addressed by this document.
    Golf Car Passage. A continuous passage on which a motorized golf 
car can operate.
    Ground Level Play Component. A play component that is approached 
and exited at the ground level.
    Key Station. Rapid and light rail stations, and commuter rail 
stations, as defined under criteria established by the Department of 
Transportation in 49 CFR 37.47 and 49 CFR 37.51, respectively.
    Mail Boxes. Receptacles for the receipt of documents, packages, 
or other deliverable matter. Mail boxes include, but are not limited 
to, post office boxes and receptacles provided by commercial mail-
receiving agencies, apartment facilities, or schools.
    Marked Crossing. A crosswalk or other identified path intended 
for pedestrian use in crossing a vehicular way.
    Mezzanine. An intermediate level or levels between the floor and 
ceiling of any story with an aggregate floor area of not more than 
one-third of the area of the room or space in which the level or 
levels are located. Mezzanines have sufficient elevation that space 
for human occupancy can be provided on the floor below.
    Occupant Load. The number of persons for which the means of 
egress of a building or portion of a building is designed.
    Operable Part. A component of an element used to insert or 
withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, or adjust the element.
    Pictogram. A pictorial symbol that represents activities, 
facilities, or concepts.
    Play Area. A portion of a site containing play components 
designed and constructed for children.
    Play Component. An element intended to generate specific 
opportunities for play, socialization, or learning. Play components 
are manufactured or natural; and are stand-alone or part of a 
composite play structure.
    Private Building or Facility. A place of public accommodation or 
a commercial building or facility subject to title III of the ADA 
and 28 CFR part 36 or a transportation building or facility subject 
to title III of the ADA and 49 CFR 37.45.
    Public Building or Facility. A building or facility or portion 
of a building or facility designed, constructed, or altered by, on 
behalf of, or for the use of a public entity subject to title II of 
the ADA and 28 CFR part 35 or to title II of the ADA and 49 CFR 
37.41 or 37.43.
    Public Entrance. An entrance that is not a service entrance or a 
restricted entrance.
    Public Use. Interior or exterior rooms, spaces, or elements that 
are made available to the public. Public use may be provided at a 
building or facility that is privately or publicly owned.
    Public Way. Any street, alley or other parcel of land open to 
the outside air leading to a public street, which has been deeded, 
dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for 
public use and which has a clear width and height of not less than 
10 feet (3050 mm).
    Qualified Historic Building or Facility. A building or facility 
that is listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register 
of Historic Places, or designated as historic under an appropriate 
State or local law.
    Ramp. A walking surface that has a running slope steeper than 
1:20.
    Residential Dwelling Unit. A unit intended to be used as a 
residence, that is primarily long-term in nature. Residential 
dwelling units do not include transient lodging, inpatient medical 
care, licensed long-term care, and detention or correctional 
facilities.
    Restricted Entrance. An entrance that is made available for 
common use on a controlled basis but not public use and that is not 
a service entrance.
    Running Slope. The slope that is parallel to the direction of 
travel (see cross slope).
    Self-Service Storage. Building or facility designed and used for 
the purpose of renting or leasing individual storage spaces to 
customers for the purpose of storing and removing personal property 
on a self-service basis.
    Service Entrance. An entrance intended primarily for delivery of 
goods or services.
    Site. A parcel of land bounded by a property line or a 
designated portion of a public right-of-way.
    Soft Contained Play Structure. A play structure made up of one 
or more play components where the user enters a fully

[[Page 59497]]

enclosed play environment that utilizes pliable materials, such as 
plastic, netting, or fabric.
    Space. A definable area, such as a room, toilet room, hall, 
assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard, or lobby.
    Story. That portion of a building or facility designed for human 
occupancy included between the upper surface of a floor and upper 
surface of the floor or roof next above. A story containing one or 
more mezzanines has more than one floor level.
    Structural Frame. The columns and the girders, beams, and 
trusses having direct connections to the columns and all other 
members that are essential to the stability of the building or 
facility as a whole.
    Tactile. An object that can be perceived using the sense of 
touch.
    Technically Infeasible. With respect to an alteration of a 
building or a facility, something that has little likelihood of 
being accomplished because existing structural conditions would 
require removing or altering a loadbearing member that is an 
essential part of the structural frame; or because other existing 
physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of 
elements, spaces, or features that are in full and strict compliance 
with the minimum requirements.
    Teeing Ground. In golf, the starting place for the hole to be 
played.
    Transfer Device. Equipment designed to facilitate the transfer 
of a person from a wheelchair or other mobility aid to and from an 
amusement ride seat.
    Transient Lodging. A building or facility containing one or more 
guest room(s) for sleeping that provides accommodations that are 
primarily short-term in nature. Transient lodging does not include 
residential dwelling units intended to be used as a residence, 
inpatient medical care facilities, licensed long-term care 
facilities, detention or correctional facilities, or private 
buildings or facilities that contain not more than five rooms for 
rent or hire and that are actually occupied by the proprietor as the 
residence of such proprietor.
    Transition Plate. A sloping pedestrian walking surface located 
at the end(s) of a gangway.
    TTY. An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Machinery that employs 
interactive text-based communication through the transmission of 
coded signals across the telephone network. TTYs may include, for 
example, devices known as TDDs (telecommunication display devices or 
telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers with 
special modems. TTYs are also called text telephones.
    Use Zone. The ground level area beneath and immediately adjacent 
to a play structure or play equipment that is designated by ASTM 
F1487 (incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1) for unrestricted circulation around the play equipment 
and where it is predicted that a user would land when falling from 
or exiting the play equipment.
    Vehicular Way. A route provided for vehicular traffic, such as 
in a street, driveway, or parking facility.
    Walk. An exterior prepared surface for pedestrian use, including 
pedestrian areas such as plazas and courts.
    Wheelchair Space. Space for a single wheelchair and its 
occupant.
    Work Area Equipment. Any machine, instrument, engine, motor, 
pump, conveyor, or other apparatus used to perform work. As used in 
this document, this term shall apply only to equipment that is 
permanently installed or built-in in employee work areas. Work area 
equipment does not include passenger elevators and other accessible 
means of vertical transportation.

ADA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

201 Application

    201.1 Scope. All areas of newly designed and newly constructed 
buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings 
and facilities shall comply with these requirements.
    201.2 Application Based on Building or Facility Use. Where a 
site, building, facility, room, or space contains more than one use, 
each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that 
use.
    201.3 Temporary and Permanent Structures. These requirements 
shall apply to temporary and permanent buildings and facilities.

202 Existing Buildings and Facilities

    202.1 General. Additions and alterations to existing buildings 
or facilities shall comply with 202.
    202.2 Additions. Each addition to an existing building or 
facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction. 
Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of or 
access to an area containing a primary function shall comply with 
202.4.
    202.3 Alterations. Where existing elements or spaces are 
altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the 
applicable requirements of Chapter 2.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Unless required by 202.4, where elements or 
spaces are altered and the circulation path to the altered element 
or space is not altered, an accessible route shall not be required.
    2. In alterations, where compliance with applicable requirements 
is technically infeasible, the alteration shall comply with the 
requirements to the maximum extent feasible.
    3. Residential dwelling units not required to be accessible in 
compliance with a standard issued pursuant to the Americans with 
Disabilities Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 
as amended, shall not be required to comply with 202.3.
    202.3.1 Prohibited Reduction in Access. An alteration that 
decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a 
building or facility below the requirements for new construction at 
the time of the alteration is prohibited.
    202.3.2 Extent of Application. An alteration of an existing 
element, space, or area of a building or facility shall not impose a 
requirement for accessibility greater than required for new 
construction.
    202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas. In addition 
to the requirements of 202.3, an alteration that affects or could 
affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary 
function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent 
feasible, the path of travel to the altered area, including the rest 
rooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, 
are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with 
disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the 
overall alterations in terms of cost and scope as determined under 
criteria established by the Attorney General. In existing 
transportation facilities, an area of primary function shall be as 
defined under regulations published by the Secretary of the 
Department of Transportation or the Attorney General.
    EXCEPTION: Residential dwelling units shall not be required to 
comply with 202.4.
    202.5 Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and 
Facilities. Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility 
shall comply with 202.3 and 202.4.
    EXCEPTION: Where the State Historic Preservation Officer or 
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation determines that compliance 
with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances, or toilet 
facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of 
the building or facility, the exceptions for alterations to 
qualified historic buildings or facilities for that element shall be 
permitted to apply.

203 General Exceptions

    203.1 General. Sites, buildings, facilities, and elements are 
exempt from these requirements to the extent specified by 203.
    203.2 Construction Sites. Structures and sites directly 
associated with the actual processes of construction, including but 
not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials 
storage, and construction trailers shall not be required to comply 
with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Portable 
toilet units provided for use exclusively by construction personnel 
on a construction site shall not be required to comply with 213 or 
to be on an accessible route.
    203.3 Raised Areas. Areas raised primarily for purposes of 
security, life safety, or fire safety, including but not limited to, 
observation or lookout galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers, 
or life guard stands shall not be required to comply with these 
requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    203.4 Limited Access Spaces. Spaces accessed only by ladders, 
catwalks, crawl spaces, or very narrow passageways shall not be 
required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible 
route.
    203.5 Machinery Spaces. Spaces frequented only by service 
personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of 
equipment shall not be required to comply with these requirements or 
to be on an accessible route. Machinery spaces include, but are not 
limited to, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, 
electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment 
catwalks; water or sewage treatment pump rooms and stations; 
electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel 
utility facilities.

[[Page 59498]]

    203.6 Single Occupant Structures. Single occupant structures 
accessed only by passageways below grade or elevated above standard 
curb height, including but not limited to, toll booths that are 
accessed only by underground tunnels, shall not be required to 
comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    203.7 Detention and Correctional Facilities. In detention and 
correctional facilities, common use areas that are used only by 
inmates or detainees and security personnel and that do not serve 
holding cells or housing cells required to comply with 232, shall 
not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an 
accessible route.
    203.8 Residential Facilities. In residential facilities, common 
use areas that do not serve residential dwelling units required to 
provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall 
not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an 
accessible route.
    203.9 Employee Work Areas. Spaces and elements within employee 
work areas shall only be required to comply with 206.2.8, 207.1, and 
215.3 and shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with 
disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the employee work area. 
Employee work areas, or portions of employee work areas, other than 
raised courtroom stations, that are less than 300 square feet (28 
m2) and elevated 7 inches (180 mm) or more above the 
finish floor or ground where the elevation is essential to the 
function of the space shall not be required to comply with these 
requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    203.10 Raised Refereeing, Judging, and Scoring Areas. Raised 
structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport 
shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on 
an accessible route.
    203.11 Water Slides. Water slides shall not be required to 
comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    203.12 Animal Containment Areas. Animal containment areas that 
are not for public use shall not be required to comply with these 
requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    203.13 Raised Boxing or Wrestling Rings. Raised boxing or 
wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these 
requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    203.14 Raised Diving Boards and Diving Platforms. Raised diving 
boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with 
these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

204 Protruding Objects

    204.1 General. Protruding objects on circulation paths shall 
comply with 307.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Within areas of sport activity, protruding 
objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with 
307.
    2. Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths 
shall not be required to comply with 307 provided that ground level 
accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with 
1008.2.

205 Operable Parts

    205.1 General. Operable parts on accessible elements, accessible 
routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with 309.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Operable parts that are intended for use only by 
service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply 
with 309.
    2. Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated 
use shall not be required to comply with 309.
    3. Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a 
length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, 
one outlet shall not be required to comply with 309.
    4. Floor electrical receptacles shall not be required to comply 
with 309.
    5. HVAC diffusers shall not be required to comply with 309.
    6. Except for light switches, where redundant controls are 
provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not 
be required to comply with 309.
    7. Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be 
required to comply with 309.3.
    8. Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be 
required to comply with 309.

206 Accessible Routes

    206.1 General. Accessible routes shall be provided in accordance 
with 206 and shall comply with Chapter 4.
    206.2 Where Required. Accessible routes shall be provided where 
required by 206.2.
    206.2.1 Site Arrival Points. At least one accessible route shall 
be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and 
accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; 
and public transportation stops to the accessible building or 
facility entrance they serve.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified 
historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no more 
than one accessible route from a site arrival point to an accessible 
entrance shall be required.
    2. An accessible route shall not be required between site 
arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only 
means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing 
pedestrian access.
    206.2.2 Within a Site. At least one accessible route shall 
connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible 
elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.
    EXCEPTION: An accessible route shall not be required between 
accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, 
and accessible spaces if the only means of access between them is a 
vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.
    206.2.3 Multi-Story Buildings and Facilities. At least one 
accessible route shall connect each story and mezzanine in multi-
story buildings and facilities.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In private buildings or facilities that are less 
than three stories or that have less than 3000 square feet (279 
m2) per story, an accessible route shall not be required 
to connect stories provided that the building or facility is not a 
shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a 
health care provider, a terminal, depot or other station used for 
specified public transportation, an airport passenger terminal, or 
another type of facility as determined by the Attorney General.
    2. Where a two-story public building or facility has one story 
with an occupant load of five or fewer persons that does not contain 
public use space, that story shall not be required to be connected 
to the story above or below.
    3. In detention and correctional facilities, an accessible route 
shall not be required to connect stories where cells with mobility 
features required to comply with 807.2, all common use areas serving 
cells with mobility features required to comply with 807.2, and all 
public use areas are on an accessible route.
    4. In residential facilities, an accessible route shall not be 
required to connect stories where residential dwelling units with 
mobility features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, all 
common use areas serving residential dwelling units with mobility 
features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, and public use 
areas serving residential dwelling units are on an accessible route.
    5. Within multi-story transient lodging guest rooms with 
mobility features required to comply with 806.2, an accessible route 
shall not be required to connect stories provided that spaces 
complying with 806.2 are on an accessible route and sleeping 
accommodations for two persons minimum are provided on a story 
served by an accessible route.
    6. In air traffic control towers, an accessible route shall not 
be required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the 
cab.
    7. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic 
buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, an accessible route 
shall not be required to stories located above or below the 
accessible story.
    206.2.3.1 Stairs and Escalators in Existing Buildings. In 
alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided 
where none existed previously and major structural modifications are 
necessary for the installation, an accessible route shall be 
provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless 
exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.
    206.2.4 Spaces and Elements. At least one accessible route shall 
connect accessible building or facility entrances with all 
accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility which 
are otherwise connected by a circulation path unless exempted by 
206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Raised courtroom stations, including judges' 
benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' 
stations, and court reporters' stations shall not be required to 
provide vertical access provided that the required clear floor 
space, maneuvering space, and, if appropriate, electrical service 
are installed at the time of initial construction to allow future 
installation of a means of vertical access complying with 405, 407, 
408, or 410 without requiring substantial reconstruction of the 
space.
    2. In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with 
221, an accessible

[[Page 59499]]

route shall not be required to serve fixed seating where wheelchair 
spaces required to be on an accessible route are not provided.
    3. Accessible routes shall not be required to connect mezzanines 
where buildings or facilities have no more than one story. In 
addition, accessible routes shall not be required to connect stories 
or mezzanines where multi-story buildings or facilities are exempted 
by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.
    206.2.5 Restaurants and Cafeterias. In restaurants and 
cafeterias, an accessible route shall be provided to all dining 
areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor dining 
areas.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In buildings or facilities not required to 
provide an accessible route between stories, an accessible route 
shall not be required to a mezzanine dining area where the mezzanine 
contains less than 25 percent of the total combined area for seating 
and dining and where the same decor and services are provided in the 
accessible area.
    2. In alterations, an accessible route shall not be required to 
existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of existing 
outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor are provided 
in an accessible space usable by the public and not restricted to 
use by people with disabilities.
    3. In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating 
required to comply with 221 shall be required to have accessible 
routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area provided that 
accessible routes serve seating complying with 221 and each tier is 
provided with the same services.
    206.2.6 Performance Areas. Where a circulation path directly 
connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, an 
accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area 
with the performance area. An accessible route shall be provided 
from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by 
performers unless exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.
    206.2.7 Press Boxes. Press boxes in assembly areas shall be on 
an accessible route.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. An accessible route shall not be required to 
press boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only one level 
provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square 
feet (46 m2) maximum.
    2. An accessible route shall not be required to free-standing 
press boxes that are elevated above grade 12 feet (3660 mm) minimum 
provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square 
feet (46 m2) maximum.
    206.2.8 Employee Work Areas. Common use circulation paths within 
employee work areas shall comply with 402.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Common use circulation paths located within 
employee work areas that are less than 1000 square feet (93 
m2) and defined by permanently installed partitions, 
counters, casework, or furnishings shall not be required to comply 
with 402.
    2. Common use circulation paths located within employee work 
areas that are an integral component of work area equipment shall 
not be required to comply with 402.
    3. Common use circulation paths located within exterior employee 
work areas that are fully exposed to the weather shall not be 
required to comply with 402.
    206.2.9 Amusement Rides. Amusement rides required to comply with 
234 shall provide accessible routes in accordance with 206.2.9. 
Accessible routes serving amusement rides shall comply with Chapter 
4 except as modified by 1002.2.
    206.2.9.1 Load and Unload Areas. Load and unload areas shall be 
on an accessible route. Where load and unload areas have more than 
one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and 
unloading position shall be on an accessible route.
    206.2.9.2 Wheelchair Spaces, Ride Seats Designed for Transfer, 
and Transfer Devices. When amusement rides are in the load and 
unload position, wheelchair spaces complying with 1002.4, amusement 
ride seats designed for transfer complying with 1002.5, and transfer 
devices complying with 1002.6 shall be on an accessible route.
    206.2.10 Recreational Boating Facilities. Boat slips required to 
comply with 235.2 and boarding piers at boat launch ramps required 
to comply with 235.3 shall be on an accessible route. Accessible 
routes serving recreational boating facilities shall comply with 
Chapter 4, except as modified by 1003.2.
    206.2.11 Bowling Lanes. Where bowling lanes are provided, at 
least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, 
shall be on an accessible route.
    206.2.12 Court Sports. In court sports, at least one accessible 
route shall directly connect both sides of the court.
    206.2.13 Exercise Machines and Equipment. Exercise machines and 
equipment required to comply with 236 shall be on an accessible 
route.
    206.2.14 Fishing Piers and Platforms. Fishing piers and 
platforms shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving 
fishing piers and platforms shall comply with Chapter 4 except as 
modified by 1005.1.
    206.2.15 Golf Facilities. At least one accessible route shall 
connect accessible elements and spaces within the boundary of the 
golf course. In addition, accessible routes serving golf car rental 
areas; bag drop areas; course weather shelters complying with 
238.2.3; course toilet rooms; and practice putting greens, practice 
teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges complying with 
238.3 shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1006.2.
    EXCEPTION: Golf car passages complying with 1006.3 shall be 
permitted to be used for all or part of accessible routes required 
by 206.2.15.
    206.2.16 Miniature Golf Facilities. Holes required to comply 
with 239.2, including the start of play, shall be on an accessible 
route. Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall 
comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1007.2.
    206.2.17 Play Areas. Play areas shall provide accessible routes 
in accordance with 206.2.17. Accessible routes serving play areas 
shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1008.2.
    206.2.17.1 Ground Level and Elevated Play Components. At least 
one accessible route shall be provided within the play area. The 
accessible route shall connect ground level play components required 
to comply with 240.2.1 and elevated play components required to 
comply with 240.2.2, including entry and exit points of the play 
components.
    206.2.17.2 Soft Contained Play Structures. Where three or fewer 
entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at 
least one entry point shall be on an accessible route. Where four or 
more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, 
at least two entry points shall be on an accessible route.
    206.3 Location. Accessible routes shall coincide with or be 
located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where 
circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall 
also be interior.
    206.4 Entrances. Entrances shall be provided in accordance with 
206.4. Entrance doors, doorways, and gates shall comply with 404 and 
shall be on an accessible route complying with 402.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where an alteration includes alterations to an 
entrance, and the building or facility has another entrance 
complying with 404 that is on an accessible route, the altered 
entrance shall not be required to comply with 206.4 unless required 
by 202.4.
    2. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic 
buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no more than one 
public entrance shall be required to comply with 206.4. Where no 
public entrance can comply with 206.4 under criteria established in 
202.5 Exception, then either an unlocked entrance not used by the 
public shall comply with 206.4; or a locked entrance complying with 
206.4 with a notification system or remote monitoring shall be 
provided.
    206.4.1 Public Entrances. In addition to entrances required by 
206.4.2 through 206.4.9, at least 60 percent of all public entrances 
shall comply with 404.
    206.4.2 Parking Structure Entrances. Where direct access is 
provided for pedestrians from a parking structure to a building or 
facility entrance, each direct access to the building or facility 
entrance shall comply with 404.
    206.4.3 Entrances from Tunnels or Elevated Walkways. Where 
direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel 
or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one direct 
entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway 
shall comply with 404.
    206.4.4 Transportation Facilities. In addition to the 
requirements of 206.4.2, 206.4.3, and 206.4.5 through 206.4.9, 
transportation facilities shall provide entrances in accordance with 
206.4.4.
    206.4.4.1 Location. In transportation facilities, where 
different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or 
groups of fixed routes, at least one public entrance serving each 
fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with 404.
    EXCEPTION: Entrances to key stations and existing intercity rail 
stations retrofitted in accordance with 49 CFR 37.49 or 49 CFR 37.51 
shall not be required to comply with 206.4.4.1.
    206.4.4.2 Direct Connections. Direct connections to other 
facilities shall provide an accessible route complying with 404 from 
the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation 
system elements

[[Page 59500]]

required to be accessible. Any elements provided to facilitate 
future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting 
boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required 
to be accessible.
    EXCEPTION: In key stations and existing intercity rail stations, 
existing direct connections shall not be required to comply with 
404.
    206.4.4.3 Key Stations and Intercity Rail Stations. Key stations 
and existing intercity rail stations required by Subpart C of 49 CFR 
part 37 to be altered, shall have at least one entrance complying 
with 404.
    206.4.5 Tenant Spaces. At least one accessible entrance to each 
tenancy in a facility shall comply with 404.
    EXCEPTION: Self-service storage facilities not required to 
comply with 225.3 shall not be required to be on an accessible 
route.
    206.4.6 Residential Dwelling Unit Primary Entrance. In 
residential dwelling units, at least one primary entrance shall 
comply with 404. The primary entrance to a residential dwelling unit 
shall not be to a bedroom.
    206.4.7 Restricted Entrances. Where restricted entrances are 
provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance 
to the building or facility shall comply with 404.
    206.4.8 Service Entrances. If a service entrance is the only 
entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance 
shall comply with 404.
    206.4.9 Entrances for Inmates or Detainees. Where entrances used 
only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are provided at 
judicial facilities, detention facilities, or correctional 
facilities, at least one such entrance shall comply with 404.
    206.5 Doors, Doorways, and Gates. Doors, doorways, and gates 
providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with 206.5.
    206.5.1 Entrances. Each entrance to a building or facility 
required to comply with 206.4 shall have at least one door, doorway, 
or gate complying with 404.
    206.5.2 Rooms and Spaces. Within a building or facility, at 
least one door, doorway, or gate serving each room or space 
complying with these requirements shall comply with 404.
    206.5.3 Transient Lodging Facilities. In transient lodging 
facilities, entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage 
into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide 
mobility features complying with 806.2 shall comply with 404.2.3.
    EXCEPTION: Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not 
required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall not 
be required to comply with 404.2.3.
    206.5.4 Residential Dwelling Units. In residential dwelling 
units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 
through 809.4, all doors and doorways providing user passage shall 
comply with 404.
    206.6 Elevators. Elevators provided for passengers shall comply 
with 407. Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall 
comply with 407.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In a building or facility permitted to use the 
exceptions to 206.2.3 or permitted by 206.7 to use a platform lift, 
elevators complying with 408 shall be permitted.
    2. Elevators complying with 408 or 409 shall be permitted in 
multi-story residential dwelling units.
    206.6.1 Existing Elevators. Where elements of existing elevators 
are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all elevators 
that are programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the 
altered elevator and shall comply with the requirements of 407 for 
the altered element.
    206.7 Platform Lifts. Platform lifts shall comply with 410. 
Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible 
route in new construction in accordance with 206.7. Platform lifts 
shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in an 
existing building or facility.
    206.7.1 Performance Areas and Speakers' Platforms. Platform 
lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to performance 
areas and speakers' platforms.
    206.7.2 Wheelchair Spaces. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide an accessible route to comply with the wheelchair space 
dispersion and line-of-sight requirements of 221 and 802.
    206.7.3 Incidental Spaces. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide an accessible route to incidental spaces which are not 
public use spaces and which are occupied by five persons maximum.
    206.7.4 Judicial Spaces. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide an accessible route to: jury boxes and witness stands; 
raised courtroom stations including, judges' benches, clerks' 
stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court 
reporters' stations; and to depressed areas such as the well of a 
court.
    206.7.5 Existing Site Constraints. Platform lifts shall be 
permitted where existing exterior site constraints make use of a 
ramp or elevator infeasible.
    206.7.6 Guest Rooms and Residential Dwelling Units. Platform 
lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within transient lodging 
guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with 
806.2 or residential dwelling units required to provide mobility 
features complying with 809.2 through 809.4.
    206.7.7 Amusement Rides. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide accessible routes to load and unload areas serving amusement 
rides.
    206.7.8 Play Areas. Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide 
accessible routes to play components or soft contained play 
structures.
    206.7.9 Team or Player Seating. Platform lifts shall be 
permitted to provide accessible routes to team or player seating 
areas serving areas of sport activity.
    206.7.10 Recreational Boating Facilities and Fishing Piers and 
Platforms. Platform lifts shall be permitted to be used instead of 
gangways that are part of accessible routes serving recreational 
boating facilities and fishing piers and platforms.
    206.8 Security Barriers. Security barriers, including but not 
limited to, security bollards and security check points, shall not 
obstruct a required accessible route or accessible means of egress.
    EXCEPTION: Where security barriers incorporate elements that 
cannot comply with these requirements such as certain metal 
detectors, fluoroscopes, or other similar devices, the accessible 
route shall be permitted to be located adjacent to security 
screening devices. The accessible route shall permit persons with 
disabilities passing around security barriers to maintain visual 
contact with their personal items to the same extent provided others 
passing through the security barrier.

207 Accessible Means of Egress

    207.1 General. Means of egress shall comply with section 
1003.2.13 of the International Building Code (2000 edition and 2001 
Supplement) or section 1007 of the International Building Code (2003 
edition) (incorporated by reference, see Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1).
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where means of egress are permitted by local 
building or life safety codes to share a common path of egress 
travel, accessible means of egress shall be permitted to share a 
common path of egress travel.
    2. Areas of refuge shall not be required in detention and 
correctional facilities.
    207.2 Platform Lifts. Standby power shall be provided for 
platform lifts permitted by section 1003.2.13.4 of the International 
Building Code (2000 edition and 2001 Supplement) or section 1007.5 
of the International Building Code (2003 edition) (incorporated by 
reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1) to serve as a 
part of an accessible means of egress.

208 Parking Spaces

    208.1 General. Where parking spaces are provided, parking spaces 
shall be provided in accordance with 208.
    EXCEPTION: Parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, 
other delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles, or vehicular 
impound shall not be required to comply with 208 provided that lots 
accessed by the public are provided with a passenger loading zone 
complying with 503.
    208.2 Minimum Number. Parking spaces complying with 502 shall be 
provided in accordance with Table 208.2 except as required by 
208.2.1, 208.2.2, and 208.2.3. Where more than one parking facility 
is provided on a site, the number of accessible spaces provided on 
the site shall be calculated according to the number of spaces 
required for each parking facility.

                       Table 208.2--Parking Spaces
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total number of parking spaces provided in   Minimum number of required
             parking facility                 accessible parking spaces
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 25...................................  1
26 to 50..................................  2
51 to 75..................................  3
76 to 100.................................  4
101 to 150................................  5
151 to 200................................  6
201 to 300................................  7
301 to 400................................  8
401 to 500................................  9
501 to 1000...............................  2 percent of total.

[[Page 59501]]

 
1001 and over.............................  20, plus 1 for each 100, or
                                             fraction thereof, over
                                             1000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    208.2.1 Hospital Outpatient Facilities. Ten percent of patient 
and visitor parking spaces provided to serve hospital outpatient 
facilities shall comply with 502.
    208.2.2 Rehabilitation Facilities and Outpatient Physical 
Therapy Facilities. Twenty percent of patient and visitor parking 
spaces provided to serve rehabilitation facilities specializing in 
treating conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical 
therapy facilities shall comply with 502.
    208.2.3 Residential Facilities. Parking spaces provided to serve 
residential facilities shall comply with 208.2.3.
    208.2.3.1 Parking for Residents. Where at least one parking 
space is provided for each residential dwelling unit, at least one 
parking space complying with 502 shall be provided for each 
residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features 
complying with 809.2 through 809.4.
    208.2.3.2 Additional Parking Spaces for Residents. Where the 
total number of parking spaces provided for each residential 
dwelling unit exceeds one parking space per residential dwelling 
unit, 2 percent, but no fewer than one space, of all the parking 
spaces not covered by 208.2.3.1 shall comply with 502.
    208.2.3.3 Parking for Guests, Employees, and Other Non-
Residents. Where parking spaces are provided for persons other than 
residents, parking shall be provided in accordance with Table 208.2.
    208.2.4 Van Parking Spaces. For every six or fraction of six 
parking spaces required by 208.2 to comply with 502, at least one 
shall be a van parking space complying with 502.
    208.3 Location. Parking facilities shall comply with 208.3.
    208.3.1 General. Parking spaces complying with 502 that serve a 
particular building or facility shall be located on the shortest 
accessible route from parking to an entrance complying with 206.4. 
Where parking serves more than one accessible entrance, parking 
spaces complying with 502 shall be dispersed and located on the 
shortest accessible route to the accessible entrances. In parking 
facilities that do not serve a particular building or facility, 
parking spaces complying with 502 shall be located on the shortest 
accessible route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking 
facility.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. All van parking spaces shall be permitted to be 
grouped on one level within a multi-story parking facility.
    2. Parking spaces shall be permitted to be located in different 
parking facilities if substantially equivalent or greater 
accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible 
entrance or entrances, parking fee, and user convenience.
    208.3.2 Residential Facilities. In residential facilities 
containing residential dwelling units required to provide mobility 
features complying with 809.2 through 809.4, parking spaces provided 
in accordance with 208.2.3.1 shall be located on the shortest 
accessible route to the residential dwelling unit entrance they 
serve. Spaces provided in accordance with 208.2.3.2 shall be 
dispersed throughout all types of parking provided for the 
residential dwelling units.
    EXCEPTION: Parking spaces provided in accordance with 208.2.3.2 
shall not be required to be dispersed throughout all types of 
parking if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is 
provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance, parking 
fee, and user convenience.

209 Passenger Loading Zones and Bus Stops

    209.1 General. Passenger loading zones shall be provided in 
accordance with 209.
    209.2 Type. Where provided, passenger loading zones shall comply 
with 209.2.
    209.2.1 Passenger Loading Zones. Passenger loading zones, except 
those required to comply with 209.2.2 and 209.2.3, shall provide at 
least one passenger loading zone complying with 503 in every 
continuous 100 linear feet (30 m) of loading zone space, or fraction 
thereof.
    209.2.2 Bus Loading Zones. In bus loading zones restricted to 
use by designated or specified public transportation vehicles, each 
bus bay, bus stop, or other area designated for lift or ramp 
deployment shall comply with 810.2.
    209.2.3 On-Street Bus Stops. On-street bus stops shall comply 
with 810.2 to the maximum extent practicable.
    209.3 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities. At least one 
passenger loading zone complying with 503 shall be provided at an 
accessible entrance to licensed medical care and licensed long-term 
care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-four hours.
    209.4 Valet Parking. Parking facilities that provide valet 
parking services shall provide at least one passenger loading zone 
complying with 503.
    209.5 Mechanical Access Parking Garages. Mechanical access 
parking garages shall provide at least one passenger loading zone 
complying with 503 at vehicle drop-off and vehicle pick-up areas.

210 Stairways

    210.1 General. Interior and exterior stairs that are part of a 
means of egress shall comply with 504.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In detention and correctional facilities, stairs 
that are not located in public use areas shall not be required to 
comply with 504.
    2. In alterations, stairs between levels that are connected by 
an accessible route shall not be required to comply with 504, except 
that handrails complying with 505 shall be provided when the stairs 
are altered.
    3. In assembly areas, aisle stairs shall not be required to 
comply with 504.
    4. Stairs that connect play components shall not be required to 
comply with 504.

211 Drinking Fountains

    211.1 General. Where drinking fountains are provided on an 
exterior site, on a floor, or within a secured area they shall be 
provided in accordance with 211.
    EXCEPTION: In detention or correctional facilities, drinking 
fountains only serving holding or housing cells not required to 
comply with 232 shall not be required to comply with 211.
    211.2 Minimum Number. No fewer than two drinking fountains shall 
be provided. One drinking fountain shall comply with 602.1 through 
602.6 and one drinking fountain shall comply with 602.7.
    EXCEPTION: Where a single drinking fountain complies with 602.1 
through 602.6 and 602.7, it shall be permitted to be substituted for 
two separate drinking fountains.
    211.3 More Than Minimum Number. Where more than the minimum 
number of drinking fountains specified in 211.2 are provided, 50 
percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall 
comply with 602.1 through 602.6, and 50 percent of the total number 
of drinking fountains provided shall comply with 602.7.
    EXCEPTION: Where 50 percent of the drinking fountains yields a 
fraction, 50 percent shall be permitted to be rounded up or down 
provided that the total number of drinking fountains complying with 
211 equals 100 percent of drinking fountains.

212 Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Sinks

    212.1 General. Where provided, kitchens, kitchenettes, and sinks 
shall comply with 212.
    212.2 Kitchens and Kitchenettes. Kitchens and kitchenettes shall 
comply with 804.
    212.3 Sinks. Where sinks are provided, at least 5 percent, but 
no fewer than one, of each type provided in each accessible room or 
space shall comply with 606.
    EXCEPTION: Mop or service sinks shall not be required to comply 
with 212.3.

213 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities

    213.1 General. Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities 
are provided, they shall comply with 213. Where toilet facilities 
and bathing facilities are provided in facilities permitted by 
206.2.3 Exceptions 1 and 2 not to connect stories by an accessible 
route, toilet facilities and bathing facilities shall be provided on 
a story connected by an accessible route to an accessible entrance.
    213.2 Toilet Rooms and Bathing Rooms. Where toilet rooms are 
provided, each toilet room shall comply with 603. Where bathing 
rooms are provided, each bathing room shall comply with 603.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In alterations where it is technically infeasible 
to comply with 603, altering existing toilet or bathing rooms shall 
not be required where a single unisex toilet room or bathing room 
complying with 213.2.1 is provided and located in the same area and 
on the same floor as existing inaccessible toilet or bathing rooms.
    2. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic 
buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no fewer than one 
toilet room for each sex complying with 603 or one unisex toilet 
room complying with 213.2.1 shall be provided.
    3. Where multiple single user portable toilet or bathing units 
are clustered at a single

[[Page 59502]]

location, no more than 5 percent of the toilet units and bathing 
units at each cluster shall be required to comply with 603. Portable 
toilet units and bathing units complying with 603 shall be 
identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying 
with 703.7.2.1.
    4. Where multiple single user toilet rooms are clustered at a 
single location, no more than 50 percent of the single user toilet 
rooms for each use at each cluster shall be required to comply with 
603.
    213.2.1 Unisex (Single-Use or Family) Toilet and Unisex Bathing 
Rooms. Unisex toilet rooms shall contain not more than one lavatory, 
and two water closets without urinals or one water closet and one 
urinal. Unisex bathing rooms shall contain one shower or one shower 
and one bathtub, one lavatory, and one water closet. Doors to unisex 
toilet rooms and unisex bathing rooms shall have privacy latches.
    213.3 Plumbing Fixtures and Accessories. Plumbing fixtures and 
accessories provided in a toilet room or bathing room required to 
comply with 213.2 shall comply with 213.3.
    213.3.1 Toilet Compartments. Where toilet compartments are 
provided, at least one toilet compartment shall comply with 604.8.1. 
In addition to the compartment required to comply with 604.8.1, at 
least one compartment shall comply with 604.8.2 where six or more 
toilet compartments are provided, or where the combination of 
urinals and water closets totals six or more fixtures.
    213.3.2 Water Closets. Where water closets are provided, at 
least one shall comply with 604.
    213.3.3 Urinals. Where more than one urinal is provided, at 
least one shall comply with 605.
    213.3.4 Lavatories. Where lavatories are provided, at least one 
shall comply with 606 and shall not be located in a toilet 
compartment.
    213.3.5 Mirrors. Where mirrors are provided, at least one shall 
comply with 603.3.
    213.3.6 Bathing Facilities. Where bathtubs or showers are 
provided, at least one bathtub complying with 607 or at least one 
shower complying with 608 shall be provided.
    213.3.7 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Where coat hooks or shelves are 
provided in toilet rooms without toilet compartments, at least one 
of each type shall comply with 603.4. Where coat hooks or shelves 
are provided in toilet compartments, at least one of each type 
complying with 604.8.3 shall be provided in toilet compartments 
required to comply with 213.3.1. Where coat hooks or shelves are 
provided in bathing facilities, at least one of each type complying 
with 603.4 shall serve fixtures required to comply with 213.3.6.

214 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers

    214.1 General. Where provided, washing machines and clothes 
dryers shall comply with 214.
    214.2 Washing Machines. Where three or fewer washing machines 
are provided, at least one shall comply with 611. Where more than 
three washing machines are provided, at least two shall comply with 
611.
    214.3 Clothes Dryers. Where three or fewer clothes dryers are 
provided, at least one shall comply with 611. Where more than three 
clothes dryers are provided, at least two shall comply with 611.

215 Fire Alarm Systems

    215.1 General. Where fire alarm systems provide audible alarm 
coverage, alarms shall comply with 215.
    EXCEPTION: In existing facilities, visible alarms shall not be 
required except where an existing fire alarm system is upgraded or 
replaced, or a new fire alarm system is installed.
    215.2 Public and Common Use Areas. Alarms in public use areas 
and common use areas shall comply with 702.
    215.3 Employee Work Areas. Where employee work areas have 
audible alarm coverage, the wiring system shall be designed so that 
visible alarms complying with 702 can be integrated into the alarm 
system.
    215.4 Transient Lodging. Guest rooms required to comply with 
224.4 shall provide alarms complying with 702.
    215.5 Residential Facilities. Where provided in residential 
dwelling units required to comply with 809.5, alarms shall comply 
with 702.

216 Signs

    216.1 General. Signs shall be provided in accordance with 216 
and shall comply with 703.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Building directories, menus, seat and row 
designations in assembly areas, occupant names, building addresses, 
and company names and logos shall not be required to comply with 
216.
    2. In parking facilities, signs shall not be required to comply 
with 216.2, 216.3, and 216.6 through 216.12.
    3. Temporary, 7 days or less, signs shall not be required to 
comply with 216.
    4. In detention and correctional facilities, signs not located 
in public use areas shall not be required to comply with 216.
    216.2 Designations. Interior and exterior signs identifying 
permanent rooms and spaces shall comply with 703.1, 703.2, and 
703.5. Where pictograms are provided as designations of permanent 
interior rooms and spaces, the pictograms shall comply with 703.6 
and shall have text descriptors complying with 703.2 and 703.5.
    EXCEPTION: Exterior signs that are not located at the door to 
the space they serve shall not be required to comply with 703.2.
    216.3 Directional and Informational Signs. Signs that provide 
direction to or information about interior spaces and facilities of 
the site shall comply with 703.5.
    216.4 Means of Egress. Signs for means of egress shall comply 
with 216.4.
    216.4.1 Exit Doors. Doors at exit passageways, exit discharge, 
and exit stairways shall be identified by tactile signs complying 
with 703.1, 703.2, and 703.5.
    216.4.2 Areas of Refuge. Signs required by section 1003.2.13.5.4 
of the International Building Code (2000 edition) or section 
1007.6.4 of the International Building Code (2003 edition) 
(incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 
1) to provide instructions in areas of refuge shall comply with 
703.5.
    216.4.3 Directional Signs. Signs required by section 1003.2.13.6 
of the International Building Code (2000 edition) or section 1007.7 
of the International Building Code (2003 edition) (incorporated by 
reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1) to provide 
directions to accessible means of egress shall comply with 703.5.
    216.5 Parking. Parking spaces complying with 502 shall be 
identified by signs complying with 502.6.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where a total of four or fewer parking spaces, 
including accessible parking spaces, are provided on a site, 
identification of accessible parking spaces shall not be required.
    2. In residential facilities, where parking spaces are assigned 
to specific residential dwelling units, identification of accessible 
parking spaces shall not be required.
    216.6 Entrances. Where not all entrances comply with 404, 
entrances complying with 404 shall be identified by the 
International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. 
Directional signs complying with 703.5 that indicate the location of 
the nearest entrance complying with 404 shall be provided at 
entrances that do not comply with 404.
    216.7 Elevators. Where existing elevators do not comply with 
407, elevators complying with 407 shall be clearly identified with 
the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1.
    216.8 Toilet Rooms and Bathing Rooms. Where existing toilet 
rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with 603, directional signs 
indicating the location of the nearest toilet room or bathing room 
complying with 603 within the facility shall be provided. Signs 
shall comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol 
of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where existing toilet 
rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with 603, the toilet rooms or 
bathing rooms complying with 603 shall be identified by the 
International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. 
Where clustered single user toilet rooms or bathing facilities are 
permitted to use exceptions to 213.2, toilet rooms or bathing 
facilities complying with 603 shall be identified by the 
International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1 
unless all toilet rooms and bathing facilities comply with 603.
    216.9 TTYs. Identification and directional signs for public TTYs 
shall be provided in accordance with 216.9.
    216.9.1 Identification Signs. Public TTYs shall be identified by 
the International Symbol of TTY complying with 703.7.2.2.
    216.9.2 Directional Signs. Directional signs indicating the 
location of the nearest public TTY shall be provided at all banks of 
public pay telephones not containing a public TTY. In addition, 
where signs provide direction to public pay telephones, they shall 
also provide direction to public TTYs. Directional signs shall 
comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of TTY 
complying with 703.7.2.2.
    216.10 Assistive Listening Systems. Each assembly area required 
by 219 to provide assistive listening systems shall provide signs 
informing patrons of the availability of the

[[Page 59503]]

assistive listening system. Assistive listening signs shall comply 
with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of Access for 
Hearing Loss complying with 703.7.2.4.
    EXCEPTION: Where ticket offices or windows are provided, signs 
shall not be required at each assembly area provided that signs are 
displayed at each ticket office or window informing patrons of the 
availability of assistive listening systems.
    216.11 Check-Out Aisles. Where more than one check-out aisle is 
provided, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be identified 
by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 
703.7.2.1. Where check-out aisles are identified by numbers, 
letters, or functions, signs identifying check-out aisles complying 
with 904.3 shall be located in the same location as the checkout 
aisle identification.
    EXCEPTION: Where all check-out aisles serving a single function 
comply with 904.3, signs complying with 703.7.2.1 shall not be 
required.
    216.12 Amusement Rides. Signs identifying the type of access 
provided on amusement rides shall be provided at entries to queues 
and waiting lines. In addition, where accessible unload areas also 
serve as accessible load areas, signs indicating the location of the 
accessible load and unload areas shall be provided at entries to 
queues and waiting lines.

217 Telephones

    217.1 General. Where coin-operated public pay telephones, 
coinless public pay telephones, public closed-circuit telephones, 
public courtesy phones, or other types of public telephones are 
provided, public telephones shall be provided in accordance with 217 
for each type of public telephone provided. For purposes of this 
section, a bank of telephones shall be considered to be two or more 
adjacent telephones.
    217.2 Wheelchair Accessible Telephones. Where public telephones 
are provided, wheelchair accessible telephones complying with 704.2 
shall be provided in accordance with Table 217.2.
    EXCEPTION: Drive-up only public telephones shall not be required 
to comply with 217.2.

              Table 217.2--Wheelchair Accessible Telephones
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of required
 Number of telephones provided on a floor,      wheelchair accessible
          level, or exterior site                    telephones
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 or more single units....................  1 per floor, level, and
                                             exterior site.
1 bank....................................  1 per floor, level, and
                                             exterior site.
2 or more banks...........................  1 per bank.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    217.3 Volume Controls. All public telephones shall have volume 
controls complying with 704.3.
    217.4 TTYs. TTYs complying with 704.4 shall be provided in 
accordance with 217.4.
    217.4.1 Bank Requirement. Where four or more public pay 
telephones are provided at a bank of telephones, at least one public 
TTY complying with 704.4 shall be provided at that bank.
    EXCEPTION: TTYs shall not be required at banks of telephones 
located within 200 feet (61 m) of, and on the same floor as, a bank 
containing a public TTY.
    217.4.2 Floor Requirement. TTYs in public buildings shall be 
provided in accordance with 217.4.2.1. TTYs in private buildings 
shall be provided in accordance with 217.4.2.2.
    217.4.2.1 Public Buildings. Where at least one public pay 
telephone is provided on a floor of a public building, at least one 
public TTY shall be provided on that floor.
    217.4.2.2 Private Buildings. Where four or more public pay 
telephones are provided on a floor of a private building, at least 
one public TTY shall be provided on that floor.
    217.4.3 Building Requirement. TTYs in public buildings shall be 
provided in accordance with 217.4.3.1. TTYs in private buildings 
shall be provided in accordance with 217.4.3.2.
    217.4.3.1 Public Buildings. Where at least one public pay 
telephone is provided in a public building, at least one public TTY 
shall be provided in the building. Where at least one public pay 
telephone is provided in a public use area of a public building, at 
least one public TTY shall be provided in the public building in a 
public use area.
    217.4.3.2 Private Buildings. Where four or more public pay 
telephones are provided in a private building, at least one public 
TTY shall be provided in the building.
    217.4.4 Exterior Site Requirement. Where four or more public pay 
telephones are provided on an exterior site, at least one public TTY 
shall be provided on the site.
    217.4.5 Rest Stops, Emergency Roadside Stops, and Service 
Plazas. Where at least one public pay telephone is provided at a 
public rest stop, emergency roadside stop, or service plaza, at 
least one public TTY shall be provided.
    217.4.6 Hospitals. Where at least one public pay telephone is 
provided serving a hospital emergency room, hospital recovery room, 
or hospital waiting room, at least one public TTY shall be provided 
at each location.
    217.4.7 Transportation Facilities. In transportation facilities, 
in addition to the requirements of 217.4.1 through 217.4.4, where at 
least one public pay telephone serves a particular entrance to a bus 
or rail facility, at least one public TTY shall be provided to serve 
that entrance. In airports, in addition to the requirements of 
217.4.1 through 217.4.4, where four or more public pay telephones 
are located in a terminal outside the security areas, a concourse 
within the security areas, or a baggage claim area in a terminal, at 
least one public TTY shall be provided in each location.
    217.4.8 Detention and Correctional Facilities. In detention and 
correctional facilities, where at least one pay telephone is 
provided in a secured area used only by detainees or inmates and 
security personnel, at least one TTY shall be provided in at least 
one secured area.
    217.5 Shelves for Portable TTYs. Where a bank of telephones in 
the interior of a building consists of three or more public pay 
telephones, at least one public pay telephone at the bank shall be 
provided with a shelf and an electrical outlet in accordance with 
704.5.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Secured areas of detention and correctional 
facilities where shelves and outlets are prohibited for purposes of 
security or safety shall not be required to comply with 217.5.
    2. The shelf and electrical outlet shall not be required at a 
bank of telephones with a TTY.

218 Transportation Facilities

    218.1 General. Transportation facilities shall comply with 218.
    218.2 New and Altered Fixed Guideway Stations. New and altered 
stations in rapid rail, light rail, commuter rail, intercity rail, 
high speed rail, and other fixed guideway systems shall comply with 
810.5 through 810.10.
    218.3 Key Stations and Existing Intercity Rail Stations. Key 
stations and existing intercity rail stations shall comply with 
810.5 through 810.10.
    218.4 Bus Shelters. Where provided, bus shelters shall comply 
with 810.3.
    218.5 Other Transportation Facilities. In other transportation 
facilities, public address systems shall comply with 810.7 and 
clocks shall comply with 810.8.

219 Assistive Listening Systems

    219.1 General. Assistive listening systems shall be provided in 
accordance with 219 and shall comply with 706.
    219.2 Required Systems. In each assembly area where audible 
communication is integral to the use of the space, an assistive 
listening system shall be provided.
    EXCEPTION: Other than in courtrooms, assistive listening systems 
shall not be required where audio amplification is not provided.
    219.3 Receivers. Receivers complying with 706.2 shall be 
provided for assistive listening systems in each assembly area in 
accordance with Table 219.3. Twenty-five percent minimum of 
receivers provided, but no fewer than two, shall be hearing-aid 
compatible in accordance with 706.3.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where a building contains more than one assembly 
area and the assembly areas required to provide assistive listening 
systems are under one management, the total number of required 
receivers shall be permitted to be calculated according to the total 
number of seats in the assembly areas in the building provided that 
all receivers are usable with all systems.
    2. Where all seats in an assembly area are served by an 
induction loop assistive listening system, the minimum number of 
receivers required by Table 219.3 to be hearing-aid compatible shall 
not be required to be provided.

[[Page 59504]]



         Table 219.3--Receivers for Assistive Listening Systems
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Minimum number of
                                                      required receivers
 Capacity of seating in assembly   Minimum number of    required to be
              area                required receivers      hearing-aid
                                                          compatible
------------------------------------------------------------------------
50 or less......................  2.................  2.
51 to 200.......................  2, plus 1 per 25    2.
                                   seats over 50
                                   seats.
201 to 500......................  2, plus 1 per 25    1 per 4
                                   seats over 50       receivers.\1\
                                   seats \1\.
501 to 1000.....................  20, plus 1 per 33   1 per 4
                                   seats over 500      receivers.\1\
                                   seats \1\.
1001 to 2000....................  35, plus 1 per 50   1 per 4
                                   seats over 1000     receivers.\1\
                                   seats \1\.
2001 and over...................  55 plus 1 per 100   1 per 4
                                   seats over 2000     receivers.\1\
                                   seats \1\.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Or fraction thereof.

220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines

    220.1 General. Where automatic teller machines or self-service 
fare vending, collection, or adjustment machines are provided, at 
least one of each type provided at each location shall comply with 
707. Where bins are provided for envelopes, waste paper, or other 
purposes, at least one of each type shall comply with 811.

221 Assembly Areas

    221.1 General. Assembly areas shall provide wheelchair spaces, 
companion seats, and designated aisle seats complying with 221 and 
802. In addition, lawn seating shall comply with 221.5.
    221.2 Wheelchair Spaces. Wheelchair spaces complying with 221.2 
shall be provided in assembly areas with fixed seating.
    221.2.1 Number and Location. Wheelchair spaces shall be provided 
complying with 221.2.1.
    221.2.1.1 General Seating. Wheelchair spaces complying with 
802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 221.2.1.1.

     Table 221.2.1.1--Number of Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of required
              Number of seats                     wheelchair spaces
------------------------------------------------------------------------
4 to 25...................................  1.
26 to 50..................................  2.
51 to 150.................................  4.
151 to 300................................  5.
301 to 500................................  6.
501 to 5000...............................  6, plus 1 for each 150, or
                                             fraction thereof, between
                                             501 through 5000.
5001 and over.............................  36, plus 1 for each 200, or
                                             fraction thereof, over
                                             5000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    221.2.1.2 Luxury Boxes, Club Boxes, and Suites in Arenas, 
Stadiums, and Grandstands. In each luxury box, club box, and suite 
within arenas, stadiums, and grandstands, wheelchair spaces 
complying with 802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 
221.2.1.1.
    221.2.1.3 Other Boxes. In boxes other than those required to 
comply with 221.2.1.2, the total number of wheelchair spaces 
required shall be determined in accordance with Table 221.2.1.1. 
Wheelchair spaces shall be located in not less than 20 percent of 
all boxes provided. Wheelchair spaces shall comply with 802.1.
    221.2.1.4 Team or Player Seating. At least one wheelchair space 
complying with 802.1 shall be provided in team or player seating 
areas serving areas of sport activity.
    EXCEPTION: Wheelchair spaces shall not be required in team or 
player seating areas serving bowling lanes not required to comply 
with 206.2.11.
    221.2.2 Integration. Wheelchair spaces shall be an integral part 
of the seating plan.
    221.2.3 Lines of Sight and Dispersion. Wheelchair spaces shall 
provide lines of sight complying with 802.2 and shall comply with 
221.2.3. In providing lines of sight, wheelchair spaces shall be 
dispersed. Wheelchair spaces shall provide spectators with choices 
of seating locations and viewing angles that are substantially 
equivalent to, or better than, the choices of seating locations and 
viewing angles available to all other spectators. When the number of 
wheelchair spaces required by 221.2.1 has been met, further 
dispersion shall not be required.
    EXCEPTION: Wheelchair spaces in team or player seating areas 
serving areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 
221.2.3.
    221.2.3.1 Horizontal Dispersion. Wheelchair spaces shall be 
dispersed horizontally.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Horizontal dispersion shall not be required in 
assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the companion seats 
required by 221.3 and wheelchair spaces are located within the 2nd 
or 3rd quartile of the total row length. Intermediate aisles shall 
be included in determining the total row length. If the row length 
in the 2nd and 3rd quartile of a row is insufficient to accommodate 
the required number of companion seats and wheelchair spaces, the 
additional companion seats and wheelchair spaces shall be permitted 
to be located in the 1st and 4th quartile of the row.
    2. In row seating, two wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to 
be located side-by-side.
    221.2.3.2 Vertical Dispersion. Wheelchair spaces shall be 
dispersed vertically at varying distances from the screen, 
performance area, or playing field. In addition, wheelchair spaces 
shall be located in each balcony or mezzanine that is located on an 
accessible route.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Vertical dispersion shall not be required in 
assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the wheelchair spaces 
provide viewing angles that are equivalent to, or better than, the 
average viewing angle provided in the facility.
    2. In bleachers, wheelchair spaces shall not be required to be 
provided in rows other than rows at points of entry to bleacher 
seating.
    221.3 Companion Seats. At least one companion seat complying 
with 802.3 shall be provided for each wheelchair space required by 
221.2.1.
    221.4 Designated Aisle Seats. At least 5 percent of the total 
number of aisle seats provided shall comply with 802.4 and shall be 
the aisle seats located closest to accessible routes.
    EXCEPTION: Team or player seating areas serving areas of sport 
activity shall not be required to comply with 221.4.
    221.5 Lawn Seating. Lawn seating areas and exterior overflow 
seating areas, where fixed seats are not provided, shall connect to 
an accessible route.

222 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms

    222.1 General. Where dressing rooms, fitting rooms, or locker 
rooms are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of 
each type of use in each cluster provided shall comply with 803.
    EXCEPTION: In alterations, where it is technically infeasible to 
provide rooms in accordance with 222.1, one room for each sex on 
each level shall comply with 803. Where only unisex rooms are 
provided, unisex rooms shall be permitted.
    222.2 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Where coat hooks or shelves are 
provided in dressing, fitting or locker rooms without individual 
compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with 803.5. 
Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in individual compartments 
at least one of each type complying with 803.5 shall be provided in 
individual compartments in dressing, fitting, or locker rooms 
required to comply with 222.1.

223 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities

    223.1 General. In licensed medical care facilities and licensed 
long-term care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty 
four hours, patient or resident sleeping rooms shall be provided in 
accordance with 223.
    EXCEPTION: Toilet rooms that are part of critical or intensive 
care patient sleeping rooms shall not be required to comply with 
603.
    223.1.1 Alterations. Where sleeping rooms are altered or added, 
the requirements of 223 shall apply only to the sleeping rooms being 
altered or added until the number of sleeping rooms complies with 
the minimum number required for new construction.

[[Page 59505]]

    223.2 Hospitals, Rehabilitation Facilities, Psychiatric 
Facilities and Detoxification Facilities. Hospitals, rehabilitation 
facilities, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities 
shall comply with 223.2.
    223.2.1 Facilities Not Specializing in Treating Conditions That 
Affect Mobility. In facilities not specializing in treating 
conditions that affect mobility, at least 10 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of the patient sleeping rooms shall provide mobility 
features complying with 805.
    223.2.2 Facilities Specializing in Treating Conditions That 
Affect Mobility. In facilities specializing in treating conditions 
that affect mobility, 100 percent of the patient sleeping rooms 
shall provide mobility features complying with 805.
    223.3 Long-Term Care Facilities. In licensed long-term care 
facilities, at least 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type 
of resident sleeping room shall provide mobility features complying 
with 805.

224 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms

    224.1 General. Transient lodging facilities shall provide guest 
rooms in accordance with 224.
    224.1.1 Alterations. Where guest rooms are altered or added, the 
requirements of 224 shall apply only to the guest rooms being 
altered or added until the number of guest rooms complies with the 
minimum number required for new construction.
    224.1.2 Guest Room Doors and Doorways. Entrances, doors, and 
doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are 
not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall 
comply with 404.2.3.
    EXCEPTION: Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not 
required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall not 
be required to comply with 404.2.3.
    224.2 Guest Rooms with Mobility Features. In transient lodging 
facilities, guest rooms with mobility features complying with 806.2 
shall be provided in accordance with Table 224.2.

                                 Table 224.2--Guest Rooms With Mobility Features
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Minimum number of        Minimum number of
 Total number of guest rooms provided   required rooms without    required rooms with        Total number of
                                           roll-in showers          roll-in showers           required rooms
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 25..............................  1......................  0......................  1.
26 to 50.............................  2......................  0......................  2.
51 to 75.............................  3......................  1......................  4.
76 to 100............................  4......................  1......................  5.
101 to 150...........................  5......................  2......................  7.
151 to 200...........................  6......................  2......................  8.
201 to 300...........................  7......................  3......................  10.
301 to 400...........................  8......................  4......................  12.
401 to 500...........................  9......................  4......................  13.
501 to 1000..........................  2 percent of total.....  1 percent of total.....  3 percent of total.
1001 and over........................  20, plus 1 for each      10, plus 1 for each      30, plus 2 for each
                                        100, or fraction         100, or fraction         100, or fraction
                                        thereof, over 1000.      thereof, over 1000.      thereof, over 1000.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    224.3 Beds. In guest rooms having more than 25 beds, 5 percent 
minimum of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with 
806.2.3.
    224.4 Guest Rooms with Communication Features. In transient 
lodging facilities, guest rooms with communication features 
complying with 806.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 
224.4.

          Table 224.4--Guest Rooms With Communication Features
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of required
   Total number of guest rooms provided           guest rooms with
                                               communication features
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2 to 25...................................  2.
26 to 50..................................  4.
51 to 75..................................  7.
76 to 100.................................  9.
101 to 150................................  12.
151 to 200................................  14.
201 to 300................................  17.
301 to 400................................  20.
401 to 500................................  22.
501 to 1000...............................  5 percent of total.
1001 and over.............................  50, plus 3 for each 100 over
                                             1000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    224.5 Dispersion. Guest rooms required to provide mobility 
features complying with 806.2 and guest rooms required to provide 
communication features complying with 806.3 shall be dispersed among 
the various classes of guest rooms, and shall provide choices of 
types of guest rooms, number of beds, and other amenities comparable 
to the choices provided to other guests. Where the minimum number of 
guest rooms required to comply with 806 is not sufficient to allow 
for complete dispersion, guest rooms shall be dispersed in the 
following priority: guest room type, number of beds, and amenities. 
At least one guest room required to provide mobility features 
complying with 806.2 shall also provide communication features 
complying with 806.3. Not more than 10 percent of guest rooms 
required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall be 
used to satisfy the minimum number of guest rooms required to 
provide communication features complying with 806.3.

225 Storage

    225.1 General. Storage facilities shall comply with 225.
    225.2 Storage. Where storage is provided in accessible spaces, 
at least one of each type shall comply with 811.
    225.2.1 Lockers. Where lockers are provided, at least 5 percent, 
but no fewer than one of each type, shall comply with 811.
    225.2.2 Self-Service Shelving. Self-service shelves shall be 
located on an accessible route complying with 402. Self-service 
shelving shall not be required to comply with 308.
    225.3 Self-Service Storage Facilities. Self-service storage 
facilities shall provide individual self-service storage spaces 
complying with these requirements in accordance with Table 225.3.

              Table 225.3--Self-Service Storage Facilities
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Minimum number of spaces
         Total spaces in facility             required to be accessible
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 200..................................  5 percent, but no fewer than
                                             1.
201 and over..............................  10, plus 2 percent of total
                                             number of units over 200.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    225.3.1 Dispersion. Individual self-service storage spaces shall 
be dispersed throughout the various classes of spaces provided. 
Where more classes of spaces are provided than the number required 
to be accessible, the number of spaces shall not be required to 
exceed that required by Table 225.3. Self-service storage spaces 
complying with Table 225.3 shall not be required to be dispersed 
among buildings in a multi-building facility.

226 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces

    226.1 General. Where dining surfaces are provided for the 
consumption of food or drink, at least 5 percent of the seating 
spaces and standing spaces at the dining surfaces shall comply with 
902. In addition, where work surfaces are provided for use by other 
than employees, at least 5 percent shall comply with 902.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Sales counters and service counters shall not be 
required to comply with 902.

[[Page 59506]]

    2. Check writing surfaces provided at check-out aisles not 
required to comply with 904.3 shall not be required to comply with 
902.
    226.2 Dispersion. Dining surfaces and work surfaces required to 
comply with 902 shall be dispersed throughout the space or facility 
containing dining surfaces and work surfaces.

227 Sales and Service

    227.1 General. Where provided, check-out aisles, sales counters, 
service counters, food service lines, queues, and waiting lines 
shall comply with 227 and 904.
    227.2 Check-Out Aisles. Where check-out aisles are provided, 
check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided in 
accordance with Table 227.2. Where check-out aisles serve different 
functions, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided 
in accordance with Table 227.2 for each function. Where check-out 
aisles are dispersed throughout the building or facility, check-out 
aisles complying with 904.3 shall be dispersed.
    EXCEPTION: Where the selling space is under 5000 square feet 
(465 m2) no more than one check-out aisle complying with 
904.3 shall be required.

                      Table 227.2--Check-Out Aisles
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of check-out
    Number of check-out aisles of each         aisles of each function
                 function                      required to comply with
                                                        904.3
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 4....................................  1.
5 to 8....................................  2.
9 to 15...................................  3.
16 and over...............................  3, plus 20 percent of
                                             additional aisles.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    227.2.1 Altered Check-Out Aisles. Where check-out aisles are 
altered, at least one of each check-out aisle serving each function 
shall comply with 904.3 until the number of check-out aisles 
complies with 227.2.
    227.3 Counters. Where provided, at least one of each type of 
sales counter and service counter shall comply with 904.4. Where 
counters are dispersed throughout the building or facility, counters 
complying with 904.4 also shall be dispersed.
    227.4 Food Service Lines. Food service lines shall comply with 
904.5. Where self-service shelves are provided, at least 50 percent, 
but no fewer than one, of each type provided shall comply with 308.
    227.5 Queues and Waiting Lines. Queues and waiting lines 
servicing counters or check-out aisles required to comply with 904.3 
or 904.4 shall comply with 403.

228 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and 
Fuel Dispensers

    228.1 General. Where provided, at least one of each type of 
depository, vending machine, change machine, and fuel dispenser 
shall comply with 309.
    EXCEPTION: Drive-up only depositories shall not be required to 
comply with 309.
    228.2 Mail Boxes. Where mail boxes are provided in an interior 
location, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type 
shall comply with 309. In residential facilities, where mail boxes 
are provided for each residential dwelling unit, mail boxes 
complying with 309 shall be provided for each residential dwelling 
unit required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 
through 809.4.

229 Windows

    229.1 General. Where glazed openings are provided in accessible 
rooms or spaces for operation by occupants, at least one opening 
shall comply with 309. Each glazed opening required by an 
administrative authority to be operable shall comply with 309.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Glazed openings in residential dwelling units 
required to comply with 809 shall not be required to comply with 
229.
    2. Glazed openings in guest rooms required to provide 
communication features and in guest rooms required to comply with 
206.5.3 shall not be required to comply with 229.

230 Two-Way Communication Systems

    230.1 General. Where a two-way communication system is provided 
to gain admittance to a building or facility or to restricted areas 
within a building or facility, the system shall comply with 708.

231 Judicial Facilities

    231.1 General. Judicial facilities shall comply with 231.
    231.2 Courtrooms. Each courtroom shall comply with 808.
    231.3 Holding Cells. Where provided, central holding cells and 
court-floor holding cells shall comply with 231.3.
    231.3.1 Central Holding Cells. Where separate central holding 
cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult female, or 
juvenile female, one of each type shall comply with 807.2. Where 
central holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or 
sex, at least one cell complying with 807.2 shall be provided.
    231.3.2 Court-Floor Holding Cells. Where separate court-floor 
holding cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult 
female, or juvenile female, each courtroom shall be served by one 
cell of each type complying with 807.2. Where court-floor holding 
cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, courtrooms 
shall be served by at least one cell complying with 807.2. Cells may 
serve more than one courtroom.
    231.4 Visiting Areas. Visiting areas shall comply with 231.4.
    231.4.1 Cubicles and Counters. At least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of cubicles shall comply with 902 on both the visitor and 
detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall 
comply with 904.4.2 on both the visitor and detainee sides.
    EXCEPTION: The detainee side of cubicles or counters at non-
contact visiting areas not serving holding cells required to comply 
with 231 shall not be required to comply with 902 or 904.4.2.
    231.4.2 Partitions. Where solid partitions or security glazing 
separate visitors from detainees at least one of each type of 
cubicle or counter partition shall comply with 904.6.

232 Detention Facilities and Correctional Facilities

    232.1 General. Buildings, facilities, or portions thereof, in 
which people are detained for penal or correction purposes, or in 
which the liberty of the inmates is restricted for security reasons 
shall comply with 232.
    232.2 General Holding Cells and General Housing Cells. General 
holding cells and general housing cells shall be provided in 
accordance with 232.2.
    EXCEPTION: Alterations to cells shall not be required to comply 
except to the extent determined by the Attorney General.
    232.2.1 Cells with Mobility Features. At least 2 percent, but no 
fewer than one, of the total number of cells in a facility shall 
provide mobility features complying with 807.2.
    232.2.1.1 Beds. In cells having more than 25 beds, at least 5 
percent of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with 
807.2.3.
    232.2.2 Cells with Communication Features. At least 2 percent, 
but no fewer than one, of the total number of general holding cells 
and general housing cells equipped with audible emergency alarm 
systems and permanently installed telephones within the cell shall 
provide communication features complying with 807.3.
    232.3 Special Holding Cells and Special Housing Cells. Where 
special holding cells or special housing cells are provided, at 
least one cell serving each purpose shall provide mobility features 
complying with 807.2. Cells subject to this requirement include, but 
are not limited to, those used for purposes of orientation, 
protective custody, administrative or disciplinary detention or 
segregation, detoxification, and medical isolation.
    EXCEPTION: Alterations to cells shall not be required to comply 
except to the extent determined by the Attorney General.
    232.4 Medical Care Facilities. Patient bedrooms or cells 
required to comply with 223 shall be provided in addition to any 
medical isolation cells required to comply with 232.3.
    232.5 Visiting Areas. Visiting areas shall comply with 232.5.
    232.5.1 Cubicles and Counters. At least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of cubicles shall comply with 902 on both the visitor and 
detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall 
comply with 904.4.2 on both the visitor and detainee or inmate 
sides.
    EXCEPTION: The inmate or detainee side of cubicles or counters 
at non-contact visiting areas not serving holding cells or housing 
cells required to comply with 232 shall not be required to comply 
with 902 or 904.4.2.
    232.5.2 Partitions. Where solid partitions or security glazing 
separate visitors from detainees or inmates at least one of each 
type of cubicle or counter partition shall comply with 904.6.

233 Residential Facilities

    233.1 General. Facilities with residential dwelling units shall 
comply with 233.
    233.2 Residential Dwelling Units Provided by Entities Subject to 
HUD Section

[[Page 59507]]

504 Regulations. Where facilities with residential dwelling units 
are provided by entities subject to regulations issued by the 
Department of Housing and Urban Development (residential dwelling 
units with mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 in a 
number required by the applicable HUD regulations. Residential 
dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 
809.2 through 809.4 shall be on an accessible route as required by 
206. In addition, such entities shall provide residential dwelling 
units with communication features complying with 809.5 in a number 
required by the applicable HUD regulations. Entities subject to 
233.2 shall not be required to comply with 233.3.
    233.3 Residential Dwelling Units Provided by Entities Not 
Subject to HUD Section 504 Regulations. Facilities with residential 
dwelling units provided by entities not subject to regulations 
issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) 
under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 
shall comply with 233.3.
    233.3.1 Minimum Number: New Construction. Newly constructed 
facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with 
233.3.1.
    EXCEPTION: Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential 
dwelling units, the requirements of 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2 shall 
apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are 
constructed under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, 
whether or not located on a common site.
    233.3.1.1 Residential Dwelling Units with Mobility Features. In 
facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent, but 
no fewer than one unit, of the total number of residential dwelling 
units shall provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 
809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by 206.
    233.3.1.2 Residential Dwelling Units with Communication 
Features. In facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 2 
percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of 
residential dwelling units shall provide communication features 
complying with 809.5.
    233.3.2 Residential Dwelling Units for Sale. Residential 
dwelling units offered for sale shall provide accessible features to 
the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under 
the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section 504 of the 
Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.
    233.3.3 Additions. Where an addition to an existing building 
results in an increase in the number of residential dwelling units, 
the requirements of 233.3.1 shall apply only to the residential 
dwelling units that are added until the total number of residential 
dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 233.3.1. 
Residential dwelling units required to comply with 233.3.1.1 shall 
be on an accessible route as required by 206.
    233.3.4 Alterations. Alterations shall comply with 233.3.4.
    EXCEPTION: Where compliance with 809.2, 809.3, or 809.4 is 
technically infeasible, or where it is technically infeasible to 
provide an accessible route to a residential dwelling unit, the 
entity shall be permitted to alter or construct a comparable 
residential dwelling unit to comply with 809.2 through 809.4 
provided that the minimum number of residential dwelling units 
required by 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2, as applicable, is satisfied.
    233.3.4.1 Alterations to Vacated Buildings. Where a building is 
vacated for the purposes of alteration, and the altered building 
contains more than 15 residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent 
of the residential dwelling units shall comply with 809.2 through 
809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by 206. In 
addition, at least 2 percent of the residential dwelling units shall 
comply with 809.5.
    233.3.4.2 Alterations to Individual Residential Dwelling Units. 
In individual residential dwelling units, where a bathroom or a 
kitchen is substantially altered, and at least one other room is 
altered, the requirements of 233.3.1 shall apply to the altered 
residential dwelling units until the total number of residential 
dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 
233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2. Residential dwelling units required to 
comply with 233.3.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required by 
206.
    EXCEPTION: Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential 
dwelling units, the requirements of 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2 shall 
apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are 
altered under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, 
whether or not located on a common site.
    233.3.5 Dispersion. Residential dwelling units required to 
provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 and 
residential dwelling units required to provide communication 
features complying with 809.5 shall be dispersed among the various 
types of residential dwelling units in the facility and shall 
provide choices of residential dwelling units comparable to, and 
integrated with, those available to other residents.
    EXCEPTION: Where multi-story residential dwelling units are one 
of the types of residential dwelling units provided, one-story 
residential dwelling units shall be permitted as a substitute for 
multi-story residential dwelling units where equivalent spaces and 
amenities are provided in the one-story residential dwelling unit.

234 Amusement Rides

    234.1 General. Amusement rides shall comply with 234.
    EXCEPTION: Mobile or portable amusement rides shall not be 
required to comply with 234.
    234.2 Load and Unload Areas. Load and unload areas serving 
amusement rides shall comply with 1002.3.
    234.3 Minimum Number. Amusement rides shall provide at least one 
wheelchair space complying with 1002.4, or at least one amusement 
ride seat designed for transfer complying with 1002.5, or at least 
one transfer device complying with 1002.6.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Amusement rides that are controlled or operated 
by the rider shall not be required to comply with 234.3.
    2. Amusement rides designed primarily for children, where 
children are assisted on and off the ride by an adult, shall not be 
required to comply with 234.3.
    3. Amusement rides that do not provide amusement ride seats 
shall not be required to comply with 234.3.
    234.4 Existing Amusement Rides. Where existing amusement rides 
are altered, the alteration shall comply with 234.4.
    234.4.1 Load and Unload Areas. Where load and unload areas 
serving existing amusement rides are newly designed and constructed, 
the load and unload areas shall comply with 1002.3.
    234.4.2 Minimum Number. Where the structural or operational 
characteristics of an amusement ride are altered to the extent that 
the amusement ride's performance differs from that specified by the 
manufacturer or the original design, the amusement ride shall comply 
with 234.3.

235 Recreational Boating Facilities

    235.1 General. Recreational boating facilities shall comply with 
235.
    235.2 Boat Slips. Boat slips complying with 1003.3.1 shall be 
provided in accordance with Table 235.2. Where the number of boat 
slips is not identified, each 40 feet (12 m) of boat slip edge 
provided along the perimeter of the pier shall be counted as one 
boat slip for the purpose of this section.

                         Table 235.2--Boat Slips
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total number of boat slips provided  in    Minimum number of required
                 facility                       accessible boat slips
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 25...................................  1.
26 to 50..................................  2.
51 to 100.................................  3.
101 to 150................................  4.
151 to 300................................  5.
301 to 400................................  6.
401 to 500................................  7.
501 to 600................................  8.
601 to 700................................  9.
701 to 800................................  10.
801 to 900................................  11.
901 to 1000...............................  12.
1001 and over.............................  12, plus 1 for every 100, or
                                            fraction thereof, over 1000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    235.2.1 Dispersion. Boat slips complying with 1003.3.1 shall be 
dispersed throughout the various types of boat slips provided. Where 
the minimum number of boat slips required to comply with 1003.3.1 
has been met, no further dispersion shall be required.
    235.3 Boarding Piers at Boat Launch Ramps. Where boarding piers 
are provided at boat launch ramps, at least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of the boarding piers shall comply with 1003.3.2.

236 Exercise Machines and Equipment

    236.1 General. At least one of each type of exercise machine and 
equipment shall comply with 1004.

237 Fishing Piers and Platforms

    237.1 General. Fishing piers and platforms shall comply with 
1005.

[[Page 59508]]

238 Golf Facilities

    238.1 General. Golf facilities shall comply with 238.
    238.2 Golf Courses. Golf courses shall comply with 238.2.
    238.2.1 Teeing Grounds. Where one teeing ground is provided for 
a hole, the teeing ground shall be designed and constructed so that 
a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground. Where two teeing 
grounds are provided for a hole, the forward teeing ground shall be 
designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the 
teeing ground. Where three or more teeing grounds are provided for a 
hole, at least two teeing grounds, including the forward teeing 
ground, shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can 
enter and exit each teeing ground.
    EXCEPTION: In existing golf courses, the forward teeing ground 
shall not be required to be one of the teeing grounds on a hole 
designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the 
teeing ground where compliance is not feasible due to terrain.
    238.2.2 Putting Greens. Putting greens shall be designed and 
constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the putting green.
    238.2.3 Weather Shelters. Where provided, weather shelters shall 
be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit 
the weather shelter and shall comply with 1006.4.
    238.3 Practice Putting Greens, Practice Teeing Grounds, and 
Teeing Stations at Driving Ranges. At least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and 
teeing stations at driving ranges shall be designed and constructed 
so that a golf car can enter and exit the practice putting greens, 
practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges.

239 Miniature Golf Facilities

    239.1 General. Miniature golf facilities shall comply with 239.
    239.2 Minimum Number. At least 50 percent of holes on miniature 
golf courses shall comply with 1007.3.
    239.3 Miniature Golf Course Configuration. Miniature golf 
courses shall be configured so that the holes complying with 1007.3 
are consecutive. Miniature golf courses shall provide an accessible 
route from the last hole complying with 1007.3 to the course 
entrance or exit without requiring travel through any other holes on 
the course.
    EXCEPTION: One break in the sequence of consecutive holes shall 
be permitted provided that the last hole on the miniature golf 
course is the last hole in the sequence.

240 Play Areas

    240.1 General. Play areas for children ages 2 and over shall 
comply with 240. Where separate play areas are provided within a 
site for specific age groups, each play area shall comply with 240.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Play areas located in family child care 
facilities where the proprietor actually resides shall not be 
required to comply with 240.
    2. In existing play areas, where play components are relocated 
for the purposes of creating safe use zones and the ground surface 
is not altered or extended for more than one use zone, the play area 
shall not be required to comply with 240.
    3. Amusement attractions shall not be required to comply with 
240.
    4. Where play components are altered and the ground surface is 
not altered, the ground surface shall not be required to comply with 
1008.2.6 unless required by 202.4.
    240.1.1 Additions. Where play areas are designed and constructed 
in phases, the requirements of 240 shall apply to each successive 
addition so that when the addition is completed, the entire play 
area complies with all the applicable requirements of 240.
    240.2 Play Components. Where provided, play components shall 
comply with 240.2.
    240.2.1 Ground Level Play Components. Ground level play 
components shall be provided in the number and types required by 
240.2.1. Ground level play components that are provided to comply 
with 240.2.1.1 shall be permitted to satisfy the additional number 
required by 240.2.1.2 if the minimum required types of play 
components are satisfied. Where two or more required ground level 
play components are provided, they shall be dispersed throughout the 
play area and integrated with other play components.
    240.2.1.1 Minimum Number and Types. Where ground level play 
components are provided, at least one of each type shall be on an 
accessible route and shall comply with 1008.4.
    240.2.1.2 Additional Number and Types. Where elevated play 
components are provided, ground level play components shall be 
provided in accordance with Table 240.2.1.2 and shall comply with 
1008.4.
    EXCEPTION: If at least 50 percent of the elevated play 
components are connected by a ramp and at least 3 of the elevated 
play components connected by the ramp are different types of play 
components, the play area shall not be required to comply with 
240.2.1.2.

    Table 240.2.1.2--Number and Types of Ground Level Play Components
                   Required To Be on Accessible Routes
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Minimum number of
                                   Minimum number of  different types of
                                   ground level play   ground level play
     Number of elevated play          components          components
       components provided         required to be on   required to be on
                                     an accessible       an accessible
                                         route               route
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1...............................  Not applicable....  Not applicable.
2 to 4..........................  1.................  1.
5 to 7..........................  2.................  2.
8 to 10.........................  3.................  3.
11 to 13........................  4.................  3.
14 to 16........................  5.................  3.
17 to 19........................  6.................  3.
20 to 22........................  7.................  4.
23 to 25........................  8.................  4.
26 and over.....................  8, plus 1 for each  5.
                                   additional 3, or
                                   fraction thereof,
                                   over 25.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    240.2.2 Elevated Play Components. Where elevated play components 
are provided, at least 50 percent shall be on an accessible route 
and shall comply with 1008.4.

241 Saunas and Steam Rooms

    241.1 General. Where provided, saunas and steam rooms shall 
comply with 612.
    EXCEPTION: Where saunas or steam rooms are clustered at a single 
location, no more than 5 percent of the saunas and steam rooms, but 
no fewer than one, of each type in each cluster shall be required to 
comply with 612.

242 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas

    242.1 General. Swimming pools, wading pools, and spas shall 
comply with 242.
    242.2 Swimming Pools. At least two accessible means of entry 
shall be provided for swimming pools. Accessible means of entry 
shall be swimming pool lifts complying with 1009.2; sloped entries 
complying with 1009.3; transfer walls complying with 1009.4; 
transfer systems complying with 1009.5; and pool stairs complying 
with 1009.6. At least one accessible means of entry provided shall 
comply with 1009.2 or 1009.3.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where a swimming pool has less than 300 linear 
feet (91 m) of swimming pool wall, no more than one accessible means 
of entry shall be required provided that the accessible means of 
entry is a swimming pool lift complying with 1009.2 or sloped entry 
complying with 1009.3.

[[Page 59509]]

    2. Wave action pools, leisure rivers, sand bottom pools, and 
other pools where user access is limited to one area shall not be 
required to provide more than one accessible means of entry provided 
that the accessible means of entry is a swimming pool lift complying 
with 1009.2, a sloped entry complying with 1009.3, or a transfer 
system complying with 1009.5.
    3. Catch pools shall not be required to provide an accessible 
means of entry provided that the catch pool edge is on an accessible 
route.
    242.3 Wading Pools. At least one accessible means of entry shall 
be provided for wading pools. Accessible means of entry shall comply 
with sloped entries complying with 1009.3.
    242.4 Spas. At least one accessible means of entry shall be 
provided for spas. Accessible means of entry shall comply with 
swimming pool lifts complying with 1009.2; transfer walls complying 
with 1009.4; or transfer systems complying with 1009.5.
    EXCEPTION: Where spas are provided in a cluster, no more than 5 
percent, but no fewer than one, spa in each cluster shall be 
required to comply with 242.4.

243 Shooting Facilities With Firing Positions

    243.1 General. Where shooting facilities with firing positions 
are designed and constructed at a site, at least 5 percent, but no 
fewer than one, of each type of firing position shall comply with 
1010.


0
6. Revise Appendix C to this part to read as follows:

Appendix C to Part 1191--Architectural Barriers Act: Scoping

ABA Chapter 1: Application and Administration

F101 Purpose

    F101.1 General. This document contains scoping and technical 
requirements for accessibility to sites, facilities, buildings, and 
elements by individuals with disabilities. The requirements are to 
be applied during the design, construction, addition to, alteration, 
and lease of sites, facilities, buildings, and elements to the 
extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under the 
Architectural Barriers Act of 1968 (ABA).

F102 Dimensions for Adults and Children

    F102.1 General. The technical requirements are based on adult 
dimensions and anthropometrics. In addition, this document includes 
technical requirements based on children's dimensions and 
anthropometrics for drinking fountains, water closets, toilet 
compartments, lavatories and sinks, dining surfaces, and work 
surfaces.

F103 Modifications and Waivers

    F103.1 General. The Architectural Barriers Act authorizes the 
Administrator of the General Services Administration, the Secretary 
of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Secretary of 
the Department of Defense, and the United States Postal Service to 
modify or waive the accessibility standards for buildings and 
facilities covered by the Architectural Barriers Act on a case-by-
case basis, upon application made by the head of the department, 
agency, or instrumentality of the United States concerned. The 
General Services Administration, the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development, the Department of Defense, and the United States Postal 
Service may grant a modification or waiver only upon a determination 
that it is clearly necessary. Section 502(b)(1) of the 
Rehabilitation Act of 1973 authorizes the Access Board to ensure 
that modifications and waivers are based on findings of fact and are 
not inconsistent with the Architectural Barriers Act.

F104 Conventions

    F104.1 Dimensions. Dimensions that are not stated as ``maximum'' 
or ``minimum'' are absolute.
    F104.1.1 Construction and Manufacturing Tolerances. All 
dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances except 
where the requirement is stated as a range with specific minimum and 
maximum end points.
    F104.2 Calculation of Percentages. Where the required number of 
elements or facilities to be provided is determined by calculations 
of ratios or percentages and remainders or fractions result, the 
next greater whole number of such elements or facilities shall be 
provided. Where the determination of the required size or dimension 
of an element or facility involves ratios or percentages, rounding 
down for values less than one half shall be permitted.
    F104.3 Figures. Unless specifically stated otherwise, figures 
are provided for informational purposes only.

F105 Referenced Standards

    F105.1 General. The standards listed in F105.2 are incorporated 
by reference in this document and are part of the requirements to 
the prescribed extent of each such reference. The Director of the 
Federal Register has approved these standards for incorporation by 
reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. 
Copies of the referenced standards may be inspected at the 
Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board, 1331 F 
Street NW., Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20004; at the Department of 
Justice, Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section, 1425 New 
York Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20005; at the Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590; or 
at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For 
information on the availability of this material at NARA, call (202) 
741-6030, or go to http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html.
    F105.2 Referenced Standards. The specific edition of the 
standards listed below are referenced in this document. Where 
differences occur between this document and the referenced 
standards, this document applies.
    F105.2.1 ANSI/BHMA. Copies of the referenced standards may be 
obtained from the Builders Hardware Manufacturers Association, 355 
Lexington Avenue, 15th floor, New York, NY 10017 (http://www.buildershardware.com).
    ANSI/BHMA A156.10-1999 American National Standard for Power 
Operated Pedestrian Doors (see 404.3).
    ANSI/BHMA A156.19-1997 American National Standard for Power 
Assist and Low Energy Power Operated Doors (see 404.3, 408.3.2.1, 
and 409.3.1).
    ANSI/BHMA A156.19-2002 American National Standard for Power 
Assist and Low Energy Power Operated Doors (see 404.3, 408.3.2.1, 
and 409.3.1).
    F105.2.2 ASME. Copies of the referenced standards may be 
obtained from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Two Park 
Avenue, New York, New York 10016 (http://www.asme.org).
    ASME A17.1-2000 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, 
including ASME A17.1a-2002 Addenda and ASME A17.1b-2003 Addenda (see 
407.1, 408.1, 409.1, and 810.9).
    ASME A18.1-1999 Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway 
Chairlifts, including ASME A18.1a 2001 Addenda and ASME A18.1b-2001 
Addenda (see 410.1).
    ASME A18.1-2003 Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway 
Chairlifts, (see 410.1).
    F105.2.3 ASTM. Copies of the referenced standards may be 
obtained from the American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 
Bar Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428 (http://www.astm.org).
    ASTM F1292-99 Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of 
Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment (see 
1008.2.6.2).
    ASTM F1292-04 Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of 
Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment (see 
1008.2.6.2).
    ASTM F1487-01 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification 
for Playground Equipment for Public Use (see F106.5).
    ASTM F1951-99 Standard Specification for Determination of 
Accessibility of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground 
Equipment (see 1008.2.6.1).
    F105.2.4 ICC/IBC. Copies of the referenced standard may be 
obtained from the International Code Council, 500 New Jersey Avenue 
NW., Washington, DC 20001 (www.iccsafe.org).
    International Building Code, 2000 Edition (see F207.1, F207.2, 
F216.4.2, F216.4.3, and 1005.2.1).
    International Building Code, 2001 Supplement (see F207.1 and 
F207.2).
    International Building Code, 2003 Edition (see F207.1, F207.2, 
F216.4.2, F216.4.3, and 1005.2.1).
    F105.2.5 NFPA. Copies of the referenced standards may be 
obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169 (http://www.nfpa.org).
    NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, 1999 Edition (see 702.1 and 
809.5.2).
    NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, 2002 Edition (see 702.1 and 
809.5.2).

[[Page 59510]]

F106 Definitions

    F106.1 General. For the purpose of this document, the terms 
defined in F106.5 have the indicated meaning.
    F106.2 Terms Defined in Referenced Standard. Terms not defined 
in F106.5 or in regulations issued by the Administrator of the 
General Services Administration, the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, or the United States 
Postal Service to implement the Architectural Barriers Act but 
specifically defined in a referenced standard, shall have the 
specified meaning from the referenced standard unless otherwise 
stated.
    F106.3 Undefined Terms. The meaning of terms not specifically 
defined in F106.5 or in regulations issued by the Administrator of 
the General Services Administration, the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, or the United States 
Postal Service to implement the Architectural Barriers Act or in 
referenced standards shall be as defined by collegiate dictionaries 
in the sense that the context implies.
    F106.4 Interchangeability. Words, terms and phrases used in the 
singular include the plural and those used in the plural include the 
singular.
    F106.5 Defined Terms.
    Accessible. A site, building, facility, or portion thereof that 
complies with this part.
    Accessible Means of Egress. A continuous and unobstructed way of 
egress travel from any point in a building or facility that provides 
an accessible route to an area of refuge, a horizontal exit, or a 
public way.
    Addition. An expansion, extension, or increase in the gross 
floor area or height of a building or facility.
    Administrative Authority. A governmental agency that adopts or 
enforces regulations and guidelines for the design, construction, or 
alteration of buildings and facilities.
    Alteration. A change to a building or facility that affects or 
could affect the usability of the building or facility or portion 
thereof. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, 
renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, 
resurfacing of circulation paths or vehicular ways, changes or 
rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes or 
rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height 
partitions. Normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering, 
or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations 
unless they affect the usability of the building or facility.
    Amusement Attraction. Any facility, or portion of a facility, 
located within an amusement park or theme park which provides 
amusement without the use of an amusement device. Amusement 
attractions include, but are not limited to, fun houses, barrels, 
and other attractions without seats.
    Amusement Ride. A system that moves persons through a fixed 
course within a defined area for the purpose of amusement.
    Amusement Ride Seat. A seat that is built-in or mechanically 
fastened to an amusement ride intended to be occupied by one or more 
passengers.
    Area of Sport Activity. That portion of a room or space where 
the play or practice of a sport occurs.
    Assembly Area. A building or facility, or portion thereof, used 
for the purpose of entertainment, worship, educational or civic 
gatherings, or similar purposes. For the purposes of these 
requirements, assembly areas include, but are not limited to, 
classrooms, lecture halls, courtrooms, public meeting rooms, public 
hearing rooms, legislative chambers, motion picture houses, 
auditoria, theaters, playhouses, dinner theaters, concert halls, 
centers for the performing arts, amphitheaters, arenas, stadiums, 
grandstands, or convention centers.
    Assistive Listening System (ALS). An amplification system 
utilizing transmitters, receivers, and coupling devices to bypass 
the acoustical space between a sound source and a listener by means 
of induction loop, radio frequency, infrared, or direct-wired 
equipment.
    Boarding Pier. A portion of a pier where a boat is temporarily 
secured for the purpose of embarking or disembarking.
    Boards. Boards include, but are not limited to, wood, plastic, 
metal, and composite products.
    Boat Launch Ramp. A sloped surface designed for launching and 
retrieving trailered boats and other water craft to and from a body 
of water.
    Boat Slip. That portion of a pier, main pier, finger pier, or 
float where a boat is moored for the purpose of berthing, embarking, 
or disembarking.
    Building. Any structure used or intended for supporting or 
sheltering any use or occupancy.
    Camp Shelter. A partially enclosed structure that provides 
campers and hikers cover from weather and that does not contain 
plumbing fixtures or kitchen appliances. Camp shelters are not 
transient lodging facilities or residential dwelling units.
    Camping Facility. A site, or portion of a site, developed for 
outdoor recreational purposes that contains camping units.
    Camping Unit. An outdoor space in a camping facility used for 
camping that contains outdoor constructed features, parking spaces 
for recreational vehicles or other vehicles, tent pads or tent 
platforms, or camp shelters.
    Catch Pool. A pool or designated section of a pool used as a 
terminus for water slide flumes.
    Characters. Letters, numbers, punctuation marks and typographic 
symbols.
    Children's Use. Describes spaces and elements specifically 
designed for use primarily by people 12 years old and younger.
    Circulation Path. An exterior or interior way of passage 
provided for pedestrian travel, including but not limited to, walks, 
hallways, courtyards, elevators, platform lifts, ramps, stairways, 
and landings.
    Closed-Circuit Telephone. A telephone with a dedicated line such 
as a house phone, courtesy phone or phone that must be used to gain 
entry to a facility.
    Common Use. Interior or exterior circulation paths, rooms, 
spaces, or elements that are not for public use and are made 
available for the shared use of two or more people.
    Cross Slope. The slope that is perpendicular to the direction of 
travel (see running slope).
    Curb Ramp. A short ramp cutting through a curb or built up to 
it.
    Detectable Warning. A standardized surface feature built in or 
applied to walking surfaces or other elements to warn of hazards on 
a circulation path.
    Element. An architectural or mechanical component of a building, 
facility, space, or site.
    Elevated Play Component. A play component that is approached 
above or below grade and that is part of a composite play structure 
consisting of two or more play components attached or functionally 
linked to create an integrated unit providing more than one play 
activity.
    Employee Work Area. All or any portion of a space used only by 
employees and used only for work. Corridors, toilet rooms, 
kitchenettes and break rooms are not employee work areas.
    Entrance. Any access point to a building or portion of a 
building or facility used for the purpose of entering. An entrance 
includes the approach walk, the vertical access leading to the 
entrance platform, the entrance platform itself, vestibule if 
provided, the entry door or gate, and the hardware of the entry door 
or gate.
    Facility. All or any portion of buildings, structures, site 
improvements, elements, and pedestrian routes or vehicular ways 
located on a site.
    Gangway. A variable-sloped pedestrian walkway that links a fixed 
structure or land with a floating structure. Gangways that connect 
to vessels are not addressed by this document.
    Golf Car Passage. A continuous passage on which a motorized golf 
car can operate.
    Ground Level Play Component. A play component that is approached 
and exited at the ground level.
    Joint Use. Interior or exterior rooms, spaces, or elements that 
are common space available for use by all occupants of the building. 
Joint use does not include mechanical or custodial rooms, or areas 
occupied by other tenants.
    Lease. Any agreement which establishes the relationship of 
landlord and tenant.
    Mail Boxes. Receptacles for the receipt of documents, packages, 
or other deliverable matter. Mail boxes include, but are not limited 
to, post office boxes and receptacles provided by commercial mail-
receiving agencies, apartment facilities, or schools.
    Marked Crossing. A crosswalk or other identified path intended 
for pedestrian use in crossing a vehicular way.
    Mezzanine. An intermediate level or levels between the floor and 
ceiling of any story with an aggregate floor area of not more than 
one-third of the area of the room or space in which the level or 
levels are located. Mezzanines have sufficient elevation that space 
for human occupancy can be provided on the floor below.
    Military Installation. A base, camp, post, station, yard, 
center, homeport facility for

[[Page 59511]]

any ship, or other activity or operation under the jurisdiction of 
the Department of Defense, including any leased facility. Military 
installation does not include any facility used primarily for civil 
works, rivers and harbors projects, or flood control projects. 
Multiple, contiguous, or collocated bases, camps, posts, stations, 
yards, centers, or home ports shall not be considered as 
constituting a single military installation.
    Occupant Load. The number of persons for which the means of 
egress of a building or portion of a building is designed.
    Operable Part. A component of an element used to insert or 
withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, or adjust the element.
    Outdoor Constructed Features. Picnic tables, fire rings, grills, 
fireplaces, wood stoves, trash and recycling receptacles, water 
hydrants, utility and sewage hookups, outdoor rinsing showers, 
benches, and viewing scopes provided at outdoor recreation 
facilities.
    Picnic Facility. A site, or portion of a site, developed for 
outdoor recreational purposes that contains picnic units.
    Picnic Unit. An outdoor space in a picnic facility used for 
picnicking that contains outdoor constructed features.
    Pictogram. A pictorial symbol that represents activities, 
facilities, or concepts.
    Play Area. A portion of a site containing play components 
designed and constructed for children.
    Play Component. An element intended to generate specific 
opportunities for play, socialization, or learning. Play components 
are manufactured or natural; and are stand-alone or part of a 
composite play structure.
    Public Entrance. An entrance that is not a service entrance or a 
restricted entrance.
    Public Use. Interior or exterior rooms, spaces, or elements that 
are made available to the public. Public use may be provided at a 
building or facility that is privately or publicly owned.
    Public Way. Any street, alley or other parcel of land open to 
the outside air leading to a public street, which has been deeded, 
dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for 
public use, and which has a clear width and height of not less than 
10 feet (3050 mm).
    Qualified Historic Building or Facility. A building or facility 
that is listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register 
of Historic Places, or designated as historic under an appropriate 
State or local law.
    Ramp. A walking surface that has a running slope steeper than 
1:20.
    Residential Dwelling Unit. A unit intended to be used as a 
residence, that is primarily long-term in nature. Residential 
dwelling units do not include transient lodging, inpatient medical 
care, licensed long-term care, and detention or correctional 
facilities.
    Restricted Entrance. An entrance that is made available for 
common use on a controlled basis but not public use and that is not 
a service entrance.
    Running Slope. The slope that is parallel to the direction of 
travel (see cross slope).
    Self-Service Storage. Building or facility designed and used for 
the purpose of renting or leasing individual storage spaces to 
customers for the purpose of storing and removing personal property 
on a self-service basis.
    Service Entrance. An entrance intended primarily for delivery of 
goods or services.
    Site. A parcel of land bounded by a property line or a 
designated portion of a public right-of-way.
    Soft Contained Play Structure. A play structure made up of one 
or more play components where the user enters a fully enclosed play 
environment that utilizes pliable materials, such as plastic, 
netting, or fabric.
    Space. A definable area, such as a room, toilet room, hall, 
assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard, or lobby.
    Story. That portion of a building or facility designed for human 
occupancy included between the upper surface of a floor and upper 
surface of the floor or roof next above. A story containing one or 
more mezzanines has more than one floor level.
    Structural Frame. The columns and the girders, beams, and 
trusses having direct connections to the columns and all other 
members that are essential to the stability of the building or 
facility as a whole.
    Tactile. An object that can be perceived using the sense of 
touch.
    Technically Infeasible. With respect to an alteration of a 
building or a facility, something that has little likelihood of 
being accomplished because existing structural conditions would 
require removing or altering a loadbearing member that is an 
essential part of the structural frame; or because other existing 
physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of 
elements, spaces, or features that are in full and strict compliance 
with the minimum requirements.
    Teeing Ground. In golf, the starting place for the hole to be 
played.
    Trail. A pedestrian route developed primarily for outdoor 
recreational purposes. A pedestrian route developed primarily to 
connect elements, spaces, or facilities within a site is not a 
trail.
    Trailhead. An outdoor space that is designated by an entity 
responsible for administering or maintaining a trail to serve as an 
access point to the trail. The junction of two or more trails or the 
undeveloped junction of a trail and a road is not a trailhead.
    Transfer Device. Equipment designed to facilitate the transfer 
of a person from a wheelchair or other mobility aid to and from an 
amusement ride seat.
    Transient Lodging. A building or facility containing one or more 
guest room(s) for sleeping that provides accommodations that are 
primarily short-term in nature. Transient lodging does not include 
residential dwelling units intended to be used as a residence, 
inpatient medical care facilities, licensed long-term care 
facilities, detention or correctional facilities, or private 
buildings or facilities that contain not more than five rooms for 
rent or hire and that are actually occupied by the proprietor as the 
residence of such proprietor.
    Transition Plate. A sloping pedestrian walking surface located 
at the end(s) of a gangway.
    TTY. An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Machinery that employs 
interactive text-based communication through the transmission of 
coded signals across the telephone network. TTYs may include, for 
example, devices known as TDDs (telecommunication display devices or 
telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers with 
special modems. TTYs are also called text telephones.
    Use Zone. The ground level area beneath and immediately adjacent 
to a play structure or play equipment that is designated by ASTM F 
1487 (incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1) for unrestricted circulation around the play equipment 
and where it is predicted that a user would land when falling from 
or exiting the play equipment.
    Vehicular Way. A route provided for vehicular traffic, such as 
in a street, driveway, or parking facility.
    Viewing Area. An outdoor space developed for viewing landscapes, 
wildlife, or other points of interest.
    Walk. An exterior prepared surface for pedestrian use, including 
pedestrian areas such as plazas and courts.
    Wheelchair Space. Space for a single wheelchair and its 
occupant.
    Work Area Equipment. Any machine, instrument, engine, motor, 
pump, conveyor, or other apparatus used to perform work. As used in 
this document, this term shall apply only to equipment that is 
permanently installed or built-in in employee work areas subject to 
the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). Work area 
equipment does not include passenger elevators and other accessible 
means of vertical transportation.

ABA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

F201 Application

    F201.1 Scope. All areas of newly designed and newly constructed 
buildings and facilities and altered or leased portions of existing 
buildings and facilities shall comply with these requirements.
    F201.2 Application Based on Building or Facility Use. Where a 
site, building, facility, room, or space contains more than one use, 
each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that 
use.
    F201.3 Temporary and Permanent Structures. These requirements 
shall apply to temporary and permanent buildings and facilities.
    F201.4 Requirements Apply to Facilities Constructed or Altered 
by or on Behalf of Federal Agencies. The requirements in F216.13, 
F244 through F248, and 1011 through 1019 shall apply only to 
facilities constructed or altered by federal agencies or by non-
federal entities on federal land on behalf of federal agencies 
pursuant to a concession contract, partnership agreement, or similar 
arrangement.
    F201.4.1 Documentation and Notification When Exceptions Used for 
Trails and Beach Access Routes. Federal agencies shall document the 
basis for not fully complying with a specific provision in 1017 or 
1018 on a portion of a trail or beach access route based on 
Exception 1 in 1017 or Exception 1 in 1018, and shall maintain the 
documentation with the records for the trail

[[Page 59512]]

or beach project. Federal agencies shall notify the Access Board if 
an entire trail is exempted from complying with 1017 based on 
Exception 2 in 1017.1, and if a beach access route is not provided 
based on Exception 2 in 1018.1.

F202 Existing Buildings and Facilities

    F202.1 General. Additions and alterations to existing buildings 
or facilities, including leased buildings or facilities, shall 
comply with F202.
    F202.2 Additions. Each addition to an existing building or 
facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction.
    F202.2.1 Accessible Route. At least one accessible route shall 
be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and 
accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; 
and public transportation stops to an accessible entrance serving 
the addition. If the only accessible entrances serving the addition 
are provided in the existing building or facility, the accessible 
route shall connect at least one existing entrance to all accessible 
spaces and elements within the addition. In addition, elements and 
spaces specified in F202.2.2 through F202.2.5 shall be on an 
accessible route.
    F202.2.2 Entrance. Where an entrance is not provided in an 
addition, at least one entrance in the existing building or facility 
shall comply with F206.4 and shall serve the addition.
    F202.2.3 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. Where toilet facilities 
and bathing facilities are not provided in an addition but are 
provided in the existing building or facility to serve the addition, 
the toilet facilities and bathing facilities shall comply with 
F202.2.3.
    EXCEPTION: In alterations to areas serving additions where it is 
technically infeasible to comply with 603, altering existing toilet 
or bathing rooms is not required where a single unisex toilet room 
or bathing room complying with F213.2.1 is provided to serve the 
addition.
    F202.2.3.1 Existing Toilet Facility. Where existing toilet 
facilities are provided in the existing building or facility, at 
least one toilet facility for men and at least one toilet facility 
for women shall comply with F213.2 and F213.3 and shall serve the 
addition.
    EXCEPTION: Where only one toilet facility is provided in the 
existing building or facility, one toilet facility shall comply with 
F213.2 and F213.3 and shall serve the addition.
    F202.2.3.2 Existing Bathing Facility. Where existing bathing 
facilities are provided in the existing building or facility, at 
least one bathing facility for men and at least one bathing facility 
for women shall comply with F213.2 and F213.3 and shall serve the 
addition.
    EXCEPTION: Where only one bathing facility is provided in the 
existing building or facility, one bathing facility shall comply 
with F213.2 and F213.3 and shall serve the addition.
    F202.2.4 Public Telephone. Where a public telephone is not 
provided in an addition but is provided in the existing building or 
facility to serve the addition, at least one public telephone in the 
existing building or facility shall comply with F217.
    F202.2.5 Drinking Fountain. Where a drinking fountain is not 
provided in an addition but is provided in the existing building or 
facility to serve the addition, at least one drinking fountain in 
the existing building or facility shall comply with 602.1 through 
602.6.
    F202.3 Alterations. Where existing elements or spaces are 
altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the 
applicable requirements of Chapter 2.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Unless required by F202.4, where elements or 
spaces are altered and the circulation path to the altered element 
or space is not altered, an accessible route shall not be required.
    2. In alterations, where compliance with applicable requirements 
is technically infeasible, the alteration shall comply with the 
requirements to the maximum extent feasible.
    3. Residential dwelling units not required to be accessible in 
compliance with a standard issued pursuant to the Architectural 
Barriers Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as 
amended, shall not be required to comply with F202.3.
    4. Where elements or spaces are altered in camping facilities, 
picnic facilities, viewing areas, or trailheads and the circulation 
path to the altered element or space is not altered, the circulation 
path shall not be required to comply with 1016.
    F202.3.1 Prohibited Reduction in Access. An alteration that 
decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a 
building or facility below the requirements for new construction at 
the time of the alteration is prohibited.
    F202.3.2 Extent of Application. An alteration of an existing 
element, space, or area of a building or facility shall not impose a 
requirement for accessibility greater than required for new 
construction.
    F202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas. In addition 
to the requirements of F202.3, an alteration that affects or could 
affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary 
function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent 
feasible, the path of travel to the altered area, including the rest 
rooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, 
are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with 
disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the 
overall alterations in terms of cost and scope as determined under 
criteria established by the Administrator of the General Services 
Administration, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Housing 
and Urban Development, or the United States Postal Service.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Residential dwelling units shall not be required 
to comply with F202.4.
    2. Camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, 
trailheads, trails, and beach access routes shall not be required to 
comply with F202.4.
    F202.5 Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and 
Facilities. Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility 
shall comply with F202.3 and F202.4.
    EXCEPTION: Where the State Historic Preservation Officer or 
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation determines that compliance 
with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances, or toilet 
facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of 
the building or facility, the exceptions for alterations to 
qualified historic buildings or facilities for that element shall be 
permitted to apply.
    F202.6 Leases. Buildings or facilities for which new leases are 
negotiated by the Federal government after the effective date of the 
revised standards issued pursuant to the Architectural Barriers Act, 
including new leases for buildings or facilities previously occupied 
by the Federal government, shall comply with F202.6.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Buildings or facilities leased for use by 
officials servicing disasters on a temporary, emergency basis shall 
not be required to comply with F202.6.
    2. Buildings or facilities leased for 12 months or less shall 
not be required to comply with F202.6 provided that the lease may 
not be extended or renewed.
    F202.6.1 Joint Use Areas. Joint use areas serving the leased 
space shall comply with F202.6.
    EXCEPTION: Alterations and additions to joint use areas serving 
the leased space shall not be required to comply with F202.2, 
F202.3, and F202.5 provided that the alterations are not undertaken 
by or on behalf of the Federal government.
    F202.6.2 Accessible Route. Primary function areas, as defined by 
Administrator of the General Services Administration, the Secretary 
of Defense, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and the 
United States Postal Service, shall be served by at least one 
accessible route complying with F206. Elements and spaces required 
to be accessible by F202.6 shall be on an accessible route complying 
with F206.
    EXCEPTION: Fire alarms required by F202.6.5.2 and assistive 
listening systems required by F202.6.5.5 shall not be required to be 
on an accessible route.
    F202.6.3 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. Where provided, toilet 
facilities and bathing facilities shall comply with F202.6.3.
    F202.6.3.1 Multiple Facilities. At least one toilet facility or 
bathing facility for each sex on each floor that has toilet 
facilities or bathing facilities shall comply with F213.2 and 
F213.3.
    F202.6.3.2 Single Facilities. Where only one toilet or bathing 
facility is provided in a building or facility for each sex, either 
one unisex toilet or bathing facility, or one toilet or bathing 
facility for each sex, shall comply with F213.2 and F213.3.
    F202.6.4 Parking. Parking shall comply with F208.
    F202.6.5 Other Elements and Spaces. Where provided, the 
following elements and spaces shall comply with F202.6.5.
    F202.6.5.1 Drinking Fountains. Drinking fountains shall comply 
with F211.
    F202.6.5.2 Fire Alarms. Fire alarms shall comply with F215.
    EXCEPTION: Fire alarms shall not be required to comply with 702 
where existing power sources must be upgraded to meet the 
requirement.
    F202.6.5.3 Public Telephones. Public telephones shall comply 
with F217.

[[Page 59513]]

    F202.6.5.4 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces. Dining surfaces 
and work surfaces shall comply with F226.
    F202.6.5.5 Assembly Areas. Assistive listening systems shall 
comply with F219 and assembly seating shall comply with F221.
    F202.6.5.6 Sales and Service Counters. Sales and service 
counters shall comply with F227.
    F202.6.5.7 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, and 
Mail Boxes. Depositories, vending machines, change machines, and 
mail boxes shall comply with F228.
    F202.6.5.8 Residential Facilities. Residential dwelling units 
shall comply with F233.

F203 General Exceptions

    F203.1 General. Sites, buildings, facilities, and elements are 
exempt from these requirements to the extent specified by F203.
    F203.2 Existing Elements. Elements in compliance with an earlier 
standard issued pursuant to the Architectural Barriers Act or 
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended shall not 
be required to comply with these requirements unless altered.
    F203.3 Construction Sites. Structures and sites directly 
associated with the actual processes of construction, including but 
not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials 
storage, and construction trailers shall not be required to comply 
with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Portable 
toilet units provided for use exclusively by construction personnel 
on a construction site shall not be required to comply with F213 or 
to be on an accessible route.
    F203.4 Raised Areas. Areas raised primarily for purposes of 
security, life safety, or fire safety, including but not limited to, 
observation or lookout galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers, 
or life guard stands shall not be required to comply with these 
requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    F203.5 Limited Access Spaces. Spaces accessed only by ladders, 
catwalks, crawl spaces, or very narrow passageways shall not be 
required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible 
route.
    F203.6 Machinery Spaces. Spaces frequented only by service 
personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of 
equipment shall not be required to comply with these requirements or 
to be on an accessible route. Machinery spaces include, but are not 
limited to, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, 
electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment 
catwalks; water or sewage treatment pump rooms and stations; 
electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel 
utility facilities.
    F203.7 Single Occupant Structures. Single occupant structures 
accessed only by passageways below grade or elevated above standard 
curb height, including but not limited to, toll booths that are 
accessed only by underground tunnels, shall not be required to 
comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    F203.8 Detention and Correctional Facilities. In detention and 
correctional facilities, common use areas that are used only by 
inmates or detainees and security personnel and that do not serve 
holding cells or housing cells required to comply with F232, shall 
not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an 
accessible route.
    F203.9 Residential Facilities. In residential facilities, common 
use areas that do not serve residential dwelling units required to 
provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall 
not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an 
accessible route.
    F203.10 Raised Refereeing, Judging, and Scoring Areas. Raised 
structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport 
shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on 
an accessible route.
    F203.11 Water Slides. Water slides shall not be required to 
comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    F203.12 Animal Containment Areas. Animal containment areas that 
are not for public use shall not be required to comply with these 
requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    F203.13 Raised Boxing or Wrestling Rings. Raised boxing or 
wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these 
requirements or to be on an accessible route.
    F203.14 Raised Diving Boards and Diving Platforms. Raised diving 
boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with 
these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

F204 Protruding Objects

    F204.1 General. Protruding objects on circulation paths shall 
comply with 307.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Within areas of sport activity, protruding 
objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with 
307.
    2. Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths 
shall not be required to comply with 307 provided that ground level 
accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with 
1008.2.

F205 Operable Parts

    F205.1 General. Operable parts on accessible elements, 
accessible routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply 
with 309.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Operable parts that are intended for use only by 
service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply 
with 309.
    2. Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated 
use shall not be required to comply with 309.
    3. Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a 
length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, 
one outlet shall not be required to comply with 309.
    4. Floor electrical receptacles shall not be required to comply 
with 309.
    5. HVAC diffusers shall not be required to comply with 309.
    6. Except for light switches, where redundant controls are 
provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not 
be required to comply with 309.
    7. Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be 
required to comply with 309.3.
    8. Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be 
required to comply with 309.

F206 Accessible Routes

    F206.1 General. Accessible routes shall be provided in 
accordance with F206 and shall comply with Chapter 4 except that the 
exemptions at 403.5, 405.5, and 405.8 shall not apply.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Accessible routes shall not be required where 
outdoor recreation access routes are provided at camping facilities 
in accordance with F244.5, picnic facilities in accordance with 
F245.4, viewing areas in accordance with F246.3, or trailheads in 
accordance with F247.3.2.
    2. Accessible routes shall not be required where camping 
facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, or outdoor constructed 
features are provided on trails.
    3. Accessible routes shall not be required where beach access 
routes are provided in accordance with F248.
    F206.2 Where Required. Accessible routes shall be provided where 
required by F206.2.
    F206.2.1 Site Arrival Points. At least one accessible route 
shall be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and 
accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; 
and public transportation stops to the accessible building or 
facility entrance they serve.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified 
historic buildings or facilities are permitted by F202.5, no more 
than one accessible route from a site arrival point to an accessible 
entrance shall be required.
    2. An accessible route shall not be required between site 
arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only 
means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing 
pedestrian access.
    F206.2.2 Within a Site. At least one accessible route shall 
connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible 
elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.
    EXCEPTION: An accessible route shall not be required between 
accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements and 
accessible spaces if the only means of access between them is a 
vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.
    F206.2.3 Multi-Story Buildings and Facilities. At least one 
accessible route shall connect each story and mezzanine in multi-
story buildings and facilities.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where a two story building or facility has one 
story with an occupant load of five or fewer persons that does not 
contain public use space, that story shall not be required to be 
connected to the story above or below.
    2. In detention and correctional facilities, an accessible route 
shall not be required to connect stories where cells with mobility 
features required to comply with 807.2, all common use areas serving 
cells with mobility features required to comply with 807.2, and all 
public use areas are on an accessible route.

[[Page 59514]]

    3. In residential facilities, an accessible route shall not be 
required to connect stories where residential dwelling units with 
mobility features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, all 
common use areas serving residential dwelling units with mobility 
features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, and public use 
areas serving residential dwelling units are on an accessible route.
    4. Within multi-story transient lodging guest rooms with 
mobility features required to comply with 806.2, an accessible route 
shall not be required to connect stories provided that spaces 
complying with 806.2 are on an accessible route and sleeping 
accommodations for two persons minimum are provided on a story 
served by an accessible route.
    5. In air traffic control towers, an accessible route shall not 
be required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the 
cab.
    6. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic 
buildings or facilities are permitted by F202.5, an accessible route 
shall not be required to stories located above or below the 
accessible story.
    F206.2.3.1 Stairs and Escalators in Existing Buildings. In 
alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided 
where none existed previously and major structural modifications are 
necessary for the installation, an accessible route shall be 
provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless 
exempted by F206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 6.
    F206.2.4 Spaces and Elements. At least one accessible route 
shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all 
accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility which 
are otherwise connected by a circulation path unless exempted by 
F206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 6.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Raised courtroom stations, including judges' 
benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' 
stations, and court reporters' stations shall not be required to 
provide vertical access provided that the required clear floor 
space, maneuvering space, and, if appropriate, electrical service 
are installed at the time of initial construction to allow future 
installation of a means of vertical access complying with 405, 407, 
408, or 410 without requiring substantial reconstruction of the 
space.
    2. In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with 
F221, an accessible route shall not be required to serve fixed 
seating where wheelchair spaces required to be on an accessible 
route are not provided.
    3. Accessible routes shall not be required to connect mezzanines 
where buildings or facilities have no more than one story. In 
addition, accessible routes shall not be required to connect stories 
or mezzanines where multi-story buildings or facilities are exempted 
by F206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 6.
    F206.2.5 Restaurants and Cafeterias. In restaurants and 
cafeterias, an accessible route shall be provided to all dining 
areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor dining 
areas.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In alterations, an accessible route shall not be 
required to existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts 
of existing outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor 
are provided in an accessible space usable by the public and not 
restricted to use by people with disabilities.
    2. In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating 
required to comply with F221 shall be required to have accessible 
routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area provided that 
accessible routes serve seating complying with F221 and each tier is 
provided with the same services.
    F206.2.6 Performance Areas. Where a circulation path directly 
connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, an 
accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area 
with the performance area. An accessible route shall be provided 
from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by 
performers unless exempted by F206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 6.
    F206.2.7 Press Boxes. Press boxes in assembly areas shall be on 
an accessible route.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. An accessible route shall not be required to 
press boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only one level 
provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square 
feet (46 m2) maximum.
    2. An accessible route shall not be required to free-standing 
press boxes that are elevated above grade 12 feet (3660 mm) minimum 
provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square 
feet (46 m2) maximum.
    F206.2.8 Amusement Rides. Amusement rides required to comply 
with F234 shall provide accessible routes in accordance with 
F206.2.8. Accessible routes serving amusement rides shall comply 
with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1002.2.
    F206.2.8.1 Load and Unload Areas. Load and unload areas shall be 
on an accessible route. Where load and unload areas have more than 
one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and 
unloading position shall be on an accessible route.
    F206.2.8.2 Wheelchair Spaces, Ride Seats Designed for Transfer, 
and Transfer Devices. When amusement rides are in the load and 
unload position, wheelchair spaces complying with 1002.4, amusement 
ride seats designed for transfer complying with 1002.5, and transfer 
devices complying with 1002.6 shall be on an accessible route.
    F206.2.9 Recreational Boating Facilities. Boat slips required to 
comply with F235.2 and boarding piers at boat launch ramps required 
to comply with F235.3 shall be on an accessible route. Accessible 
routes serving recreational boating facilities shall comply with 
Chapter 4 except as modified by 1003.2.
    F206.2.10 Bowling Lanes. Where bowling lanes are provided, at 
least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, 
shall be on an accessible route.
    F206.2.11 Court Sports. In court sports, at least one accessible 
route shall directly connect both sides of the court.
    F206.2.12 Exercise Machines and Equipment. Exercise machines and 
equipment required to comply with F236 shall be on an accessible 
route.
    F206.2.13 Fishing Piers and Platforms. Fishing piers and 
platforms shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving 
fishing piers and platforms shall comply with Chapter 4 except as 
modified by 1005.1.
    F206.2.14 Golf Facilities. At least one accessible route shall 
connect accessible elements and spaces within the boundary of the 
golf course. In addition, accessible routes serving golf car rental 
areas; bag drop areas; course weather shelters complying with 
F238.2.3; course toilet rooms; and practice putting greens, practice 
teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges complying with 
F238.3 shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1006.2.
    EXCEPTION: Golf car passages complying with 1006.3 shall be 
permitted to be used for all or part of accessible routes required 
by F206.2.14.
    F206.2.15 Miniature Golf Facilities. Holes required to comply 
with F239.2, including the start of play, shall be on an accessible 
route. Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall 
comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1007.2.
    F206.2.16 Play Areas. Play areas shall provide accessible routes 
in accordance with F206.2.16. Accessible routes serving play areas 
shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1008.2.
    F206.2.16.1 Ground Level and Elevated Play Components. At least 
one accessible route shall be provided within the play area. The 
accessible route shall connect ground level play components required 
to comply with F240.2.1 and elevated play components required to 
comply with F240.2.2, including entry and exit points of the play 
components.
    F206.2.16.2 Soft Contained Play Structures. Where three or fewer 
entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at 
least one entry point shall be on an accessible route. Where four or 
more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, 
at least two entry points shall be on an accessible route.
    F206.3 Location. Accessible routes shall coincide with or be 
located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where 
circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall 
also be interior.
    F206.4 Entrances. Entrances shall be provided in accordance with 
F206.4. Entrance doors, doorways, and gates shall comply with 404 
and shall be on an accessible route complying with 402.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where an alteration includes alterations to an 
entrance, and the building or facility has another entrance 
complying with 404 that is on an accessible route, the altered 
entrance shall not be required to comply with F206.4 unless required 
by F202.4.
    2. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic 
buildings or facilities are permitted by F202.5, no more than one 
public entrance shall be required to comply with F206.4. Where no 
public entrance can comply with F206.4 under criteria established in 
F202.5 Exception, then either an unlocked entrance not used by the 
public shall comply with F206.4; or a locked entrance complying with 
F206.4 with a notification system or remote monitoring shall be 
provided.
    F206.4.1 Public Entrances. In addition to entrances required by 
F206.4.2 through

[[Page 59515]]

F206.4.9, at least 60 percent of all public entrances shall comply 
with 404.
    F206.4.2 Parking Structure Entrances. Where direct access is 
provided for pedestrians from a parking structure to a building or 
facility entrance, each direct access to the building or facility 
entrance shall comply with 404.
    F206.4.3 Entrances from Tunnels or Elevated Walkways. Where 
direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel 
or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one direct 
entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway 
shall comply with 404.
    F206.4.4 Transportation Facilities. In addition to the 
requirements of F206.4.2, F206.4.3, and F206.4.5 through F206.4.9, 
transportation facilities shall provide entrances in accordance with 
F206.4.4.
    F206.4.4.1 Location. In transportation facilities, where 
different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or 
groups of fixed routes, at least one public entrance serving each 
fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with 404.
    F206.4.4.2 Direct Connections. Direct connections to other 
facilities shall provide an accessible route complying with 404 from 
the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation 
system elements required to be accessible. Any elements provided to 
facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route 
connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements 
required to be accessible.
    F206.4.5 Tenant Spaces. At least one accessible entrance to each 
tenancy in a facility shall comply with 404.
    EXCEPTION: Self-service storage facilities not required to 
comply with F225.3 shall not be required to be on an accessible 
route.
    F206.4.6 Residential Dwelling Unit Primary Entrance. In 
residential dwelling units, at least one primary entrance shall 
comply with 404. The primary entrance to a residential dwelling unit 
shall not be to a bedroom.
    F206.4.7 Restricted Entrances. Where restricted entrances are 
provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance 
to the building or facility shall comply with 404.
    F206.4.8 Service Entrances. If a service entrance is the only 
entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance 
shall comply with 404.
    F206.4.9 Entrances for Inmates or Detainees. Where entrances 
used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are 
provided at judicial facilities, detention facilities, or 
correctional facilities, at least one such entrance shall comply 
with 404.
    F206.5 Doors, Doorways, and Gates. Doors, doorways, and gates 
providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with F206.5.
    F206.5.1 Entrances. Each entrance to a building or facility 
required to comply with F206.4 shall have at least one door, 
doorway, or gate complying with 404.
    F206.5.2 Rooms and Spaces. Within a building or facility, at 
least one door, doorway, or gate serving each room or space 
complying with these requirements shall comply with 404.
    F206.5.3 Transient Lodging Facilities. In transient lodging 
facilities, entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage 
into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide 
mobility features complying with 806.2 shall comply with 404.2.3.
    EXCEPTION: Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not 
required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall not 
be required to comply with 404.2.3.
    F206.5.4 Residential Dwelling Units. In residential dwelling 
units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 
through 809.4, all doors and doorways providing user passage shall 
comply with 404.
    F206.6 Elevators. Elevators provided for passengers shall comply 
with 407. Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall 
comply with 407.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In a building or facility permitted to use the 
exceptions to F206.2.3 or permitted by F206.7 to use a platform 
lift, elevators complying with 408 shall be permitted.
    2. Elevators complying with 408 or 409 shall be permitted in 
multi-story residential dwelling units.
    F206.6.1 Existing Elevators. Where elements of existing 
elevators are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all 
elevators that are programmed to respond to the same hall call 
control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the 
requirements of 407 for the altered element.
    F206.7 Platform Lifts. Platform lifts shall comply with 410. 
Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible 
route in new construction in accordance with F206.7. Platform lifts 
shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in an 
existing building or facility.
    F206.7.1 Performance Areas and Speakers' Platforms. Platform 
lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to performance 
areas and speakers' platforms.
    F206.7.2 Wheelchair Spaces. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide an accessible route to comply with the wheelchair space 
dispersion and line-of-sight requirements of F221 and 802.
    F206.7.3 Incidental Spaces. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide an accessible route to incidental spaces which are not 
public use spaces and which are occupied by five persons maximum.
    F206.7.4 Judicial Spaces. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide an accessible route to: jury boxes and witness stands; 
raised courtroom stations including, judges' benches, clerks' 
stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court 
reporters' stations; and to depressed areas such as the well of a 
court.
    F206.7.5 Existing Site Constraints. Platform lifts shall be 
permitted where existing exterior site constraints make use of a 
ramp or elevator infeasible.
    F206.7.6 Guest Rooms and Residential Dwelling Units. Platform 
lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within transient lodging 
guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with 
806.2 or residential dwelling units required to provide mobility 
features complying with 809.2 through 809.4.
    F206.7.7 Amusement Rides. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide accessible routes to load and unload areas serving amusement 
rides.
    F206.7.8 Play Areas. Platform lifts shall be permitted to 
provide accessible routes to play components or soft contained play 
structures.
    F206.7.9 Team or Player Seating. Platform lifts shall be 
permitted to provide accessible routes to team or player seating 
areas serving areas of sport activity.
    F206.7.10 Recreational Boating Facilities and Fishing Piers and 
Platforms. Platform lifts shall be permitted to be used instead of 
gangways that are part of accessible routes serving recreational 
boating facilities and fishing piers and platforms.
    F206.8 Security Barriers. Security barriers, including but not 
limited to, security bollards and security check points, shall not 
obstruct a required accessible route or accessible means of egress.
    EXCEPTION: Where security barriers incorporate elements that 
cannot comply with these requirements such as certain metal 
detectors, fluoroscopes, or other similar devices, the accessible 
route shall be permitted to be located adjacent to security 
screening devices. The accessible route shall permit persons with 
disabilities passing around security barriers to maintain visual 
contact with their personal items to the same extent provided others 
passing through the security barrier.

F207 Accessible Means of Egress

    F207.1 General. Means of egress shall comply with section 
1003.2.13 of the International Building Code (2000 edition and 2001 
Supplement) or section 1007 of the International Building Code (2003 
edition) (incorporated by reference, see Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1).
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where means of egress are permitted by local 
building or life safety codes to share a common path of egress 
travel, accessible means of egress shall be permitted to share a 
common path of egress travel.
    2. Areas of refuge shall not be required in detention and 
correctional facilities.
    F207.2 Platform Lifts. Standby power shall be provided for 
platform lifts permitted by section 1003.2.13.4 of the International 
Building Code (2000 edition and 2001 Supplement) or section 1007.5 
of the International Building Code (2003 edition) (incorporated by 
reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1) to serve as a 
part of an accessible means of egress.

F208 Parking Spaces

    F208.1 General. Where parking spaces are provided, parking 
spaces shall be provided in accordance with F208.
    EXCEPTION: Parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, 
other delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles, or vehicular 
impound shall not be required to comply with F208 provided that lots 
accessed by the public are provided with a passenger loading zone 
complying with 503.
    F208.2 Minimum Number. Parking spaces complying with 502 shall 
be provided in accordance with Table F208.2 except as

[[Page 59516]]

required by F208.2.1, F208.2.2, and F208.2.3. Where more than one 
parking facility is provided on a site, the number of accessible 
spaces provided on the site shall be calculated according to the 
number of spaces required for each parking facility.

                      Table F208.2--Parking Spaces
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total number of parking spaces provided in   Minimum number of required
             parking facility                 accessible parking spaces
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 25...................................  1.
26 to 50..................................  2.
51 to 75..................................  3.
76 to 100.................................  4.
101 to 150................................  5.
151 to 200................................  6.
201 to 300................................  7.
301 to 400................................  8.
401 to 500................................  9.
501 to 1000...............................  2 percent of total.
1001 and over.............................  20, plus 1 for each 100, or
                                             fraction thereof, over
                                             1000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F208.2.1 Hospital Outpatient Facilities. Ten percent of patient 
and visitor parking spaces provided to serve hospital outpatient 
facilities shall comply with 502.
    F208.2.2 Rehabilitation Facilities and Outpatient Physical 
Therapy Facilities. Twenty percent of patient and visitor parking 
spaces provided to serve rehabilitation facilities specializing in 
treating conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical 
therapy facilities shall comply with 502.
    F208.2.3 Residential Facilities. Parking spaces provided to 
serve residential facilities shall comply with F208.2.3.
    F208.2.3.1 Parking for Residents. Where at least one parking 
space is provided for each residential dwelling unit, at least one 
parking space complying with 502 shall be provided for each 
residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features 
complying with 809.2 through 809.4.
    F208.2.3.2 Additional Parking Spaces for Residents. Where the 
total number of parking spaces provided for each residential 
dwelling unit exceeds one parking space per residential dwelling 
unit, 2 percent, but no fewer than one space, of all the parking 
spaces not covered by F208.2.3.1 shall comply with 502.
    F208.2.3.3 Parking for Guests, Employees, and Other Non-
Residents. Where parking spaces are provided for persons other than 
residents, parking shall be provided in accordance with Table 
F208.2.
    F208.2.4 Van Parking Spaces. For every six or fraction of six 
parking spaces required by F208.2 to comply with 502, at least one 
shall be a van parking space complying with 502.
    F208.3 Location. Parking facilities shall comply with F208.3.
    F208.3.1 General. Parking spaces complying with 502 that serve a 
particular building or facility shall be located on the shortest 
accessible route from parking to an entrance complying with F206.4. 
Where parking serves more than one accessible entrance, parking 
spaces complying with 502 shall be dispersed and located on the 
shortest accessible route to the accessible entrances. In parking 
facilities that do not serve a particular building or facility, 
parking spaces complying with 502 shall be located on the shortest 
accessible route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking 
facility.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. All van parking spaces shall be permitted to be 
grouped on one level within a multi-story parking facility.
    2. Parking spaces shall be permitted to be located in different 
parking facilities if substantially equivalent or greater 
accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible 
entrance or entrances, parking fee, and user convenience.
    F208.3.2 Residential Facilities. In residential facilities 
containing residential dwelling units required to provide mobility 
features complying with 809.2 through 809.4, parking spaces provided 
in accordance with F208.2.3.1 shall be located on the shortest 
accessible route to the residential dwelling unit entrance they 
serve. Spaces provided in accordance with F208.2.3.2 shall be 
dispersed throughout all types of parking provided for the 
residential dwelling units.
    EXCEPTION: Parking spaces provided in accordance with F208.2.3.2 
shall not be required to be dispersed throughout all types of 
parking if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is 
provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance, parking 
fee, and user convenience.

F209 Passenger Loading Zones and Bus Stops

    F209.1 General. Passenger loading zones shall be provided in 
accordance with F209.
    F209.2 Type. Where provided, passenger loading zones shall 
comply with F209.2.
    F209.2.1 Passenger Loading Zones. Passenger loading zones, 
except those required to comply with F209.2.2 and F209.2.3, shall 
provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with 503 in 
every continuous 100 linear feet (30 m) of loading zone space, or 
fraction thereof.
    F209.2.2 Bus Loading Zones. In bus loading zones restricted to 
use by designated or specified public transportation vehicles, each 
bus bay, bus stop, or other area designated for lift or ramp 
deployment shall comply with 810.2.
    F209.2.3 On-Street Bus Stops. On-street bus stops shall comply 
with 810.2 to the maximum extent practicable.
    F209.3 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities. At least one 
passenger loading zone complying with 503 shall be provided at an 
accessible entrance to licensed medical care and licensed long-term 
care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-four hours.
    F209.4 Valet Parking. Parking facilities that provide valet 
parking services shall provide at least one passenger loading zone 
complying with 503.
    F209.5 Mechanical Access Parking Garages. Mechanical access 
parking garages shall provide at least one passenger loading zone 
complying with 503 at vehicle drop-off and vehicle pick-up areas.

F210 Stairways

    F210.1 General. Interior and exterior stairs that are part of a 
means of egress shall comply with 504.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In detention and correctional facilities, stairs 
that are not located in public use areas shall not be required to 
comply with 504.
    2. In alterations, stairs between levels that are connected by 
an accessible route shall not be required to comply with 504, except 
that handrails complying with 505 shall be provided when the stairs 
are altered.
    3. In assembly areas, aisle stairs shall not be required to 
comply with 504.
    4. Stairs that connect play components shall not be required to 
comply with 504.

F211 Drinking Fountains

    F211.1 General. Where drinking fountains are provided on an 
exterior site, on a floor, and within a secured area they shall be 
provided in accordance with F211.
    EXCEPTION: In detention or correctional facilities, drinking 
fountains only serving holding or housing cells not required to 
comply with F232 shall not be required to comply with F211.
    F211.2 Minimum Number. No fewer than two drinking fountains 
shall be provided. One drinking fountain shall comply with 602.1 
through 602.6 and one drinking fountain shall comply with 602.7.
    EXCEPTION: Where a single drinking fountain complies with 602.1 
through 602.6 and 602.7, it shall be permitted to be substituted for 
two separate drinking fountains.
    F211.3 More Than Minimum Number. Where more than the minimum 
number of drinking fountains specified in F211.2 are provided, 50 
percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall 
comply with 602.1 through 602.6, and 50 percent of the total number 
of drinking fountains provided shall comply with 602.7.
    EXCEPTION: Where 50 percent of the drinking fountains yields a 
fraction, 50 percent shall be permitted to be rounded up or down 
provided that the total number of drinking fountains complying with 
F211 equals 100 percent of drinking fountains.

F212 Kitchens, Kitchenettes, and Sinks

    F212.1 General. Where provided, kitchens, kitchenettes, and 
sinks shall comply with F212.
    F212.2 Kitchens and Kitchenettes. Kitchens and kitchenettes 
shall comply with 804.
    F212.3 Sinks. Where sinks are provided, at least 5 percent, but 
no fewer than one, of each type provided in each accessible room or 
space shall comply with 606.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Mop or service sinks shall not be required to 
comply with F212.3.
    2. In camping facilities and picnic facilities, sinks shall not 
be required to comply with F212.3 where a cooktop or conventional 
range is not provided.

F213 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities

    F213.1 General. Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities 
are provided, they shall comply with F213. Where toilet facilities 
and

[[Page 59517]]

bathing facilities are provided in facilities permitted by F206.2.3 
Exceptions 1 and 2 not to connect stories by an accessible route, 
toilet facilities and bathing facilities shall be provided on a 
story connected by an accessible route to an accessible entrance.
    EXCEPTION: Pit toilets provided on trails and in camping 
facilities shall not be required to comply with F213.
    F213.2 Toilet Rooms and Bathing Rooms. Where toilet rooms are 
provided, each toilet room shall comply with 603. Where bathing 
rooms are provided, each bathing room shall comply with 603.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In alterations where it is technically infeasible 
to comply with 603, altering existing toilet or bathing rooms shall 
not be required where a single unisex toilet room or bathing room 
complying with F213.2.1 is provided and located in the same area and 
on the same floor as existing inaccessible toilet or bathing rooms.
    2. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic 
buildings or facilities are permitted by F202.5 and toilet rooms are 
provided, no fewer than one toilet room for each sex complying with 
603 or one unisex toilet room complying with F213.2.1 shall be 
provided.
    3. Where multiple single user portable toilet or bathing units 
are clustered at a single location, no more than 5 percent of the 
toilet units and bathing units at each cluster shall be required to 
comply with 603. Portable toilet units and bathing units complying 
with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of 
Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1.
    4. Where multiple single user toilet rooms are clustered at a 
single location, no more than 50 percent of the single user toilet 
rooms for each use at each cluster shall be required to comply with 
603.
    F213.2.1 Unisex (Single-Use or Family) Toilet and Bathing Rooms. 
Unisex toilet rooms shall contain not more than one lavatory, and 
two water closets without urinals or one water closet and one 
urinal. Unisex bathing rooms shall contain one shower or one shower 
and one bathtub, one lavatory, and one water closet. Doors to unisex 
toilet rooms and unisex bathing rooms shall have privacy latches.
    F213.3 Plumbing Fixtures and Accessories. Plumbing fixtures and 
accessories provided in a toilet room or bathing room required to 
comply with F213.2 shall comply with F213.3.
    F213.3.1 Toilet Compartments. Where toilet compartments are 
provided, at least one toilet compartment shall comply with 604.8.1. 
In addition to the compartment required to comply with 604.8.1, at 
least one compartment shall comply with 604.8.2 where six or more 
toilet compartments are provided, or where the combination of 
urinals and water closets totals six or more fixtures.
    F213.3.2 Water Closets. Where water closets are provided at 
least one shall comply with 604.
    F213.3.3 Urinals. Where more than one urinal is provided, at 
least one shall comply with 605.
    F213.3.4 Lavatories. Where lavatories are provided, at least one 
shall comply with 606 and shall not be located in a toilet 
compartment.
    F213.3.5 Mirrors. Where mirrors are provided, at least one shall 
comply with 603.3.
    F213.3.6 Bathing Facilities. Where bathtubs or showers are 
provided, at least one bathtub complying with 607 or at least one 
shower complying with 608 shall be provided.
    F213.3.7 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Where coat hooks or shelves are 
provided in toilet rooms without toilet compartments, at least one 
of each type shall comply with 603.4. Where coat hooks or shelves 
are provided in toilet compartments, at least one of each type 
complying with 604.8.3 shall be provided in toilet compartments 
required to comply with F213.3.1. Where coat hooks or shelves are 
provided in bathing facilities, at least one of each type complying 
with 603.4 shall serve fixtures required to comply with F213.3.6.

F214 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers

    F214.1 General. Where provided, washing machines and clothes 
dryers shall comply with F214.
    EXCEPTION: Washing machines and clothes dryers provided in 
employee work areas shall not be required to comply with F214.
    F214.2 Washing Machines. Where three or fewer washing machines 
are provided, at least one shall comply with 611. Where more than 
three washing machines are provided, at least two shall comply with 
611.
    F214.3 Clothes Dryers. Where three or fewer clothes dryers are 
provided, at least one shall comply with 611. Where more than three 
clothes dryers are provided, at least two shall comply with 611.

F215 Fire Alarm Systems

    F215.1 General. Where fire alarm systems provide audible alarm 
coverage, alarms shall comply with F215.
    EXCEPTION: In existing facilities, visible alarms shall not be 
required except where an existing fire alarm system is upgraded or 
replaced, or a new fire alarm system is installed.
    F215.2 Public and Common Use Areas. Alarms in public use areas 
and common use areas shall comply with 702.
    F215.3 Employee Work Areas. Where employee work areas have 
audible alarm coverage, the wiring system shall be designed so that 
visible alarms complying with 702 can be integrated into the alarm 
system.
    F215.4 Transient Lodging. Guest rooms required to comply with 
F224.4 shall provide alarms complying with 702.
    F215.5 Residential Facilities. Where provided in residential 
dwelling units required to comply with 809.5, alarms shall comply 
with 702.

F216 Signs

    F216.1 General. Signs shall be provided in accordance with F216 
and shall comply with 703.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Building directories, menus, seat and row 
designations in assembly areas, occupant names, building addresses, 
and company names and logos shall not be required to comply with 
F216.
    2. In parking facilities, signs shall not be required to comply 
with F216.2, F216.3, and F216.6 through F216.12.
    3. Temporary, 7 days or less, signs shall not be required to 
comply with F216.
    4. In detention and correctional facilities, signs not located 
in public use areas shall not be required to comply with F216.
    F216.2 Designations. Interior and exterior signs identifying 
permanent rooms and spaces shall comply with 703.1, 703.2, and 
703.5. Where pictograms are provided as designations of permanent 
interior rooms and spaces, the pictograms shall comply with 703.6 
and shall have text descriptors complying with 703.2 and 703.5.
    EXCEPTION: Exterior signs that are not located at the door to 
the space they serve shall not be required to comply with 703.2.
    F216.3 Directional and Informational Signs. Signs that provide 
direction to or information about interior spaces and facilities of 
the site shall comply with 703.5.
    F216.4 Means of Egress. Signs for means of egress shall comply 
with F216.4.
    F216.4.1 Exit Doors. Doors at exit passageways, exit discharge, 
and exit stairways shall be identified by tactile signs complying 
with 703.1, 703.2, and 703.5.
    F216.4.2 Areas of Refuge. Signs required by section 
1003.2.13.5.4 of the International Building Code (2000 edition) or 
section 1007.6.4 of the International Building Code (2003 edition) 
(incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 
1) to provide instructions in areas of refuge shall comply with 
703.5.
    F216.4.3 Directional Signs. Signs required by section 
1003.2.13.6 of the International Building Code (2000 edition) or 
section 1007.7 of the International Building Code (2003 edition) 
(incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 
1) to provide directions to accessible means of egress shall comply 
with 703.5.
    F216.5 Parking. Parking spaces complying with 502 shall be 
identified by signs complying with 502.6.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where a total of four or fewer parking spaces, 
including accessible parking spaces, are provided on a site, 
identification of accessible parking spaces shall not be required.
    2. In residential facilities, where parking spaces are assigned 
to specific residential dwelling units, identification of accessible 
parking spaces shall not be required.
    F216.6 Entrances. Where not all entrances comply with 404, 
entrances complying with 404 shall be identified by the 
International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. 
Directional signs complying with 703.5 that indicate the location of 
the nearest entrance complying with 404 shall be provided at 
entrances that do not comply with 404.
    F216.7 Elevators. Where existing elevators do not comply with 
407, elevators complying with 407 shall be clearly identified with 
the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1.
    F216.8 Toilet Rooms and Bathing Rooms. Where existing toilet 
rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with 603, directional signs 
indicating the location of the nearest toilet room or bathing room 
complying with 603

[[Page 59518]]

within the facility shall be provided. Signs shall comply with 703.5 
and shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility 
complying with 703.7.2.1. Where existing toilet rooms or bathing 
rooms do not comply with 603, the toilet rooms or bathing rooms 
complying with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol 
of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where clustered single 
user toilet rooms or bathing facilities are permitted to use 
exception to F213.2, toilet rooms or bathing facilities complying 
with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of 
Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1 unless all toilet rooms and 
bathing facilities comply with 603.
    F216.9 TTYs. Identification and directional signs for public 
TTYs shall be provided in accordance with F216.9.
    F216.9.1 Identification Signs. Public TTYs shall be identified 
by the International Symbol of TTY complying with 703.7.2.2.
    F216.9.2 Directional Signs. Directional signs indicating the 
location of the nearest public TTY shall be provided at all banks of 
public pay telephones not containing a public TTY. In addition, 
where signs provide direction to public pay telephones, they shall 
also provide direction to public TTYs. Directional signs shall 
comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of TTY 
complying with 703.7.2.2.
    F216.10 Assistive Listening Systems. Each assembly area required 
by F219 to provide assistive listening systems shall provide signs 
informing patrons of the availability of the assistive listening 
system. Assistive listening signs shall comply with 703.5 and shall 
include the International Symbol of Access for Hearing Loss 
complying with 703.7.2.4.
    EXCEPTION: Where ticket offices or windows are provided, signs 
shall not be required at each assembly area provided that signs are 
displayed at each ticket office or window informing patrons of the 
availability of assistive listening systems.
    F216.11 Check-Out Aisles. Where more than one check-out aisle is 
provided, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be identified 
by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 
703.7.2.1. Where check-out aisles are identified by numbers, 
letters, or functions, signs identifying check-out aisles complying 
with 904.3 shall be located in the same location as the checkout 
aisle identification.
    EXCEPTION: Where all check-out aisles serving a single function 
comply with 904.3, signs complying with 703.7.2.1 shall not be 
required.
    F216.12 Amusement Rides. Signs identifying the type of access 
provided on amusement rides shall be provided at entries to queues 
and waiting lines. In addition, where accessible unload areas also 
serve as accessible load areas, signs indicating the location of the 
accessible load and unload areas shall be provided at entries to 
queues and waiting lines.
    F216.13 Trailhead Signs. Where new trail information signs are 
provided at trailheads on newly constructed or altered trails 
designed for use by hikers or pedestrians, the signs shall comply 
with 1017.10.

F217 Telephones

    F217.1 General. Where coin-operated public pay telephones, 
coinless public pay telephones, public closed-circuit telephones, 
public courtesy phones, or other types of public telephones are 
provided, public telephones shall be provided in accordance with 
F217 for each type of public telephone provided. For purposes of 
this section, a bank of telephones shall be considered to be two or 
more adjacent telephones.
    F217.2 Wheelchair Accessible Telephones. Where public telephones 
are provided, wheelchair accessible telephones complying with 704.2 
shall be provided in accordance with Table F217.2.
    EXCEPTION: Drive-up only public telephones shall not be required 
to comply with F217.2.

             Table F217.2--Wheelchair Accessible Telephones
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of required
 Number of telephones provided on a floor,      wheelchair accessible
          level, or exterior site                    telephones
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 or more single units....................  1 per floor, level, and
                                             exterior site.
1 bank....................................  1 per floor, level, and
                                             exterior site.
2 or more banks...........................  1 per bank.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F217.3 Volume Controls. All public telephones shall have volume 
controls complying with 704.3.
    F217.4 TTYs. TTYs complying with 704.4 shall be provided in 
accordance with F217.4.
    F217.4.1 Bank Requirement. Where four or more public pay 
telephones are provided at a bank of telephones, at least one public 
TTY complying with 704.4 shall be provided at that bank.
    EXCEPTION: TTYs shall not be required at banks of telephones 
located within 200 feet (61 m) of, and on the same floor as, a bank 
containing a public TTY.
    F217.4.2 Floor Requirement. Where at least one public pay 
telephone is provided on a floor of a building, at least one public 
TTY shall be provided on that floor.
    F217.4.3 Building Requirement. Where at least one public pay 
telephone is provided in a public use area of a building, at least 
one public TTY shall be provided in the building in a public use 
area.
    F217.4.4 Exterior Site Requirement. Where four or more public 
pay telephones are provided on an exterior site, at least one public 
TTY shall be provided on the site.
    F217.4.5 Rest Stops, Emergency Roadside Stops, and Service 
Plazas. Where at least one public pay telephone is provided at a 
public rest stop, emergency roadside stop, or service plaza, at 
least one public TTY shall be provided.
    F217.4.6 Hospitals. Where at least one public pay telephone is 
provided serving a hospital emergency room, hospital recovery room, 
or hospital waiting room, at least one public TTY shall be provided 
at each location.
    F217.4.7 Transportation Facilities. In transportation 
facilities, in addition to the requirements of F217.4.1 through 
F217.4.4, where at least one public pay telephone serves a 
particular entrance to a bus or rail facility, at least one public 
TTY shall be provided to serve that entrance. In airports, in 
addition to the requirements of F217.4.1 through F217.4.4, where 
four or more public pay telephones are located in a terminal outside 
the security areas, a concourse within the security areas, or a 
baggage claim area in a terminal, at least one public TTY shall be 
provided in each location.
    F217.4.8 Detention and Correctional Facilities. In detention and 
correctional facilities, where at least one pay telephone is 
provided in a secured area used only by detainees or inmates and 
security personnel, at least one TTY shall be provided in at least 
one secured area.
    F217.5 Shelves for Portable TTYs. Where a bank of telephones in 
the interior of a building consists of three or more public pay 
telephones, at least one public pay telephone at the bank shall be 
provided with a shelf and an electrical outlet in accordance with 
704.5.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Secured areas of detention and correctional 
facilities where shelves and outlets are prohibited for purposes of 
security or safety shall not be required to comply with F217.5.
    2. The shelf and electrical outlet shall not be required at a 
bank of telephones with a TTY.

F218 Transportation Facilities

    F218.1 General. Transportation facilities shall comply with 
F218.
    F218.2 New and Altered Fixed Guideway Stations. New and altered 
stations in rapid rail, light rail, commuter rail, intercity rail, 
high speed rail, and other fixed guideway systems shall comply with 
810.5 through 810.10.
    F218.3 Bus Shelters. Where provided, bus shelters shall comply 
with 810.3 and 810.4.
    F218.4 Other Transportation Facilities. In other transportation 
facilities, public address systems shall comply with 810.7 and 
clocks shall comply with 810.8.

F219 Assistive Listening Systems

    F219.1 General. Assistive listening systems shall be provided in 
accordance with F219 and shall comply with 706.
    F219.2 Required Systems. In each assembly area where audible 
communication is integral to the use of the space, an assistive 
listening system shall be provided.
    EXCEPTION: Other than in courtrooms, assistive listening systems 
shall not be required where audio amplification is not provided.
    F219.3 Receivers. Receivers complying with 706.2 shall be 
provided for assistive listening systems in each assembly area in 
accordance with Table F219.3. Twenty-five percent minimum of 
receivers provided, but no fewer than two, shall be hearing-aid 
compatible in accordance with 706.3.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where a building contains more than one assembly 
area and the assembly areas required to provide assistive listening 
systems are under one management, the total number of required 
receivers shall be permitted to be calculated according to the total 
number of seats in the assembly areas in the building provided that 
all receivers are usable with all systems.

[[Page 59519]]

    2. Where all seats in an assembly area are served by an 
induction loop assistive listening system, the minimum number of 
receivers required by Table F219.3 to be hearing-aid compatible 
shall not be required to be provided.

         Table F219.3--Receivers for Assistive Listening Systems
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Minimum number of
                                                     required receivers
   Capacity of seating in       Minimum number of      required to be
        assembly area          required receivers        hearing-aid
                                                         compatible
------------------------------------------------------------------------
50 or less..................  2...................  2.
51 to 200...................  2, plus 1 per 25      2.
                               seats over 50 seats.
201 to 500..................  2, plus 1 per 25      1 per 4
                               seats over 50 seats   receivers.\1\
                               \1\.
501 to 1000.................  20, plus 1 per 33     1 per 4
                               seats over 500        receivers.\1\
                               seats \1\.
1001 to 2000................  35, plus 1 per 50     1 per 4
                               seats over 1000       receivers.\1\
                               seats \1\.
2001 and over...............  55, plus 1 per 100    1 per 4
                               seats over 2000       receivers.\1\
                               seats \1\.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Or fraction thereof.

F220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines

    F220.1 General. Where automatic teller machines or self-service 
fare vending, collection, or adjustment machines are provided, at 
least one of each type provided at each location shall comply with 
707. Where bins are provided for envelopes, waste paper, or other 
purposes, at least one of each type shall comply with 811.

F221 Assembly Areas

    F221.1 General. Assembly areas shall provide wheelchair spaces, 
companion seats, and designated aisle seats complying with F221 and 
802. In addition, lawn seating shall comply with F221.5.
    F221.2 Wheelchair Spaces. Wheelchair spaces complying with 
F221.2 shall be provided in assembly areas with fixed seating.
    F221.2.1 Number and Location. Wheelchair spaces shall be 
provided complying with F221.2.1.
    F221.2.1.1 General Seating. Wheelchair spaces complying with 
802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table F221.2.1.1.

     Table F221.2.1.1--Number of Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of required
              Number of seats                     wheelchair spaces
------------------------------------------------------------------------
4 to 25...................................  1.
26 to 50..................................  2.
51 to 150.................................  4.
151 to 300................................  5.
301 to 500................................  6.
501 to 5000...............................  6, plus 1 for each 150, or
                                             fraction thereof, between
                                             501 through 5000.
5001 and over.............................  36, plus 1 for each 200, or
                                             fraction thereof, over
                                             5000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F221.2.1.2 Luxury Boxes, Club Boxes, and Suites in Arenas, 
Stadiums, and Grandstands. In each luxury box, club box, and suite 
within arenas, stadiums, and grandstands, wheelchair spaces 
complying with 802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 
F221.2.1.1.
    F221.2.1.3 Other Boxes. In boxes other than those required to 
comply with F221.2.1.2, the total number of wheelchair spaces 
required shall be determined in accordance with Table F221.2.1.1. 
Wheelchair spaces shall be located in not less than 20 percent of 
all boxes provided. Wheelchair spaces shall comply with 802.1.
    F221.2.1.4 Team or Player Seating. At least one wheelchair space 
complying with 802.1 shall be provided in team or player seating 
areas serving areas of sport activity.
    EXCEPTION: Wheelchair spaces shall not be required in team or 
player seating areas serving bowling lanes not required to comply 
with F206.2.10.
    F221.2.2 Integration. Wheelchair spaces shall be an integral 
part of the seating plan.
    F221.2.3 Lines of Sight and Dispersion. Wheelchair spaces shall 
provide lines of sight complying with 802.2 and shall comply with 
F221.2.3. In providing lines of sight, wheelchair spaces shall be 
dispersed. Wheelchair spaces shall provide spectators with choices 
of seating locations and viewing angles that are substantially 
equivalent to, or better than, the choices of seating locations and 
viewing angles available to all other spectators. When the number of 
wheelchair spaces required by F221.2.1 has been met, further 
dispersion shall not be required.
    EXCEPTION: Wheelchair spaces in team or player seating areas 
serving areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 
F221.2.3.
    F221.2.3.1 Horizontal Dispersion. Wheelchair spaces shall be 
dispersed horizontally.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Horizontal dispersion shall not be required in 
assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the companion seats 
required by F221.3 and wheelchair spaces are located within the 2nd 
or 3rd quartile of the total row length. Intermediate aisles shall 
be included in determining the total row length. If the row length 
in the 2nd and 3rd quartile of a row is insufficient to accommodate 
the required number of companion seats and wheelchair spaces, the 
additional companion seats and wheelchair spaces shall be permitted 
to be located in the 1st and 4th quartile of the row.
    2. In row seating, two wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to 
be located side-by-side.
    F221.2.3.2 Vertical Dispersion. Wheelchair spaces shall be 
dispersed vertically at varying distances from the screen, 
performance area, or playing field. In addition, wheelchair spaces 
shall be located in each balcony or mezzanine that is located on an 
accessible route.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Vertical dispersion shall not be required in 
assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the wheelchair spaces 
provide viewing angles that are equivalent to, or better than, the 
average viewing angle provided in the facility.
    2. In bleachers, wheelchair spaces shall not be required to be 
provided in rows other than rows at points of entry to bleacher 
seating.
    F221.3 Companion Seats. At least one companion seat complying 
with 802.3 shall be provided for each wheelchair space required by 
F221.2.1.
    F221.4 Designated Aisle Seats. At least 5 percent of the total 
number of aisle seats provided shall comply with 802.4 and shall be 
the aisle seats located closest to accessible routes.
    EXCEPTION: Team or player seating areas serving areas of sport 
activity shall not be required to comply with F221.4.
    F221.5 Lawn Seating. Lawn seating areas and exterior overflow 
seating areas, where fixed seats are not provided, shall connect to 
an accessible route.

F222 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms

    F222.1 General. Where dressing rooms, fitting rooms, or locker 
rooms are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of 
each type of use in each cluster provided shall comply with 803.
    EXCEPTION: In alterations, where it is technically infeasible to 
provide rooms in accordance with F222.1, one room for each sex on 
each level shall comply with 803. Where only unisex rooms are 
provided, unisex rooms shall be permitted.
    F222.2 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Where coat hooks or shelves are 
provided in dressing, fitting or locker rooms without individual 
compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with 803.5. 
Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in individual compartments 
at least one of each type complying with 803.5 shall be provided in 
individual compartments in dressing, fitting, or locker rooms 
required to comply with F222.1.

F223 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities

    F223.1 General. In licensed medical care facilities and licensed 
long-term care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-
four hours, patient or resident

[[Page 59520]]

sleeping rooms shall be provided in accordance with F223.
    EXCEPTION: Toilet rooms that are part of critical or intensive 
care patient sleeping rooms shall not be required to comply with 
603.
    F223.1.1 Alterations. Where sleeping rooms are altered or added, 
the requirements of F223 shall apply only to the sleeping rooms 
being altered or added until the number of sleeping rooms complies 
with the minimum number required for new construction.
    F223.2 Hospitals, Rehabilitation Facilities, Psychiatric 
Facilities and Detoxification Facilities. Hospitals, rehabilitation 
facilities, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities 
shall comply with F223.2.
    F223.2.1 Facilities Not Specializing in Treating Conditions That 
Affect Mobility. In facilities not specializing in treating 
conditions that affect mobility, at least 10 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of the patient sleeping rooms shall provide mobility 
features complying with 805.
    F223.2.2 Facilities Specializing in Treating Conditions That 
Affect Mobility. In facilities specializing in treating conditions 
that affect mobility, 100 percent of the patient sleeping rooms 
shall provide mobility features complying with 805.
    F223.3 Long-Term Care Facilities. In licensed long-term care 
facilities, at least 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type 
of resident sleeping room shall provide mobility features complying 
with 805.

F224 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms

    F224.1 General. Transient lodging facilities shall provide guest 
rooms in accordance with F224.
    F224.1.1 Alterations. Where guest rooms are altered or added, 
the requirements of F224 shall apply only to the guest rooms being 
altered or added until the number of guest rooms complies with the 
minimum number required for new construction.
    F224.1.2 Guest Room Doors and Doorways. Entrances, doors, and 
doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are 
not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall 
comply with 404.2.3.
    EXCEPTION: Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not 
required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall not 
be required to comply with 404.2.3.
    F224.2 Guest Rooms with Mobility Features. In transient lodging 
facilities, guest rooms with mobility features complying with 806.2 
shall be provided in accordance with Table F224.2.

                                Table F224.2--Guest Rooms With Mobility Features
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Minimum number of        Minimum number of
 Total number of guest rooms provided   required rooms without    required rooms with        Total number of
                                           roll-in showers          roll-in showers           required rooms
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 25..............................  1......................  0......................  1.
26 to 50.............................  2......................  0......................  2.
51 to 75.............................  3......................  1......................  4.
76 to 100............................  4......................  1......................  5.
101 to 150...........................  5......................  2......................  7.
151 to 200...........................  6......................  2......................  8.
201 to 300...........................  7......................  3......................  10.
301 to 400...........................  8......................  4......................  12.
401 to 500...........................  9......................  4......................  13.
501 to 1000..........................  2 percent of total.....  1 percent of total.....  3 percent of total.
1001 and over........................  20, plus 1 for each      10, plus 1 for each      30, plus 2 for each
                                        100, or fraction         100, or fraction         100, or fraction
                                        thereof, over 1000.      thereof, over 1000.      thereof, over 1000.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F224.3 Beds. In guest rooms having more than 25 beds, 5 percent 
minimum of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with 
806.2.3.
    F224.4 Guest Rooms with Communication Features. In transient 
lodging facilities, guest rooms with communication features 
complying with 806.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 
F224.4.

          Table F224.4--Guest Rooms With Communication Features
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of required
   Total number of guest rooms provided           guest rooms with
                                               communication features
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2 to 25...................................  2.
26 to 50..................................  4.
51 to 75..................................  7.
76 to 100.................................  9.
101 to 150................................  12.
151 to 200................................  14.
201 to 300................................  17.
301 to 400................................  20.
401 to 500................................  22.
501 to 1000...............................  5 percent of total.
1001 and over.............................  50, plus 3 for each 100 over
                                             1000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F224.5 Dispersion. Guest rooms required to provide mobility 
features complying with 806.2 and guest rooms required to provide 
communication features complying with 806.3 shall be dispersed among 
the various classes of guest rooms, and shall provide choices of 
types of guest rooms, number of beds, and other amenities comparable 
to the choices provided to other guests. Where the minimum number of 
guest rooms required to comply with 806 is not sufficient to allow 
for complete dispersion, guest rooms shall be dispersed in the 
following priority: guest room type, number of beds, and amenities. 
At least one guest room required to provide mobility features 
complying with 806.2 shall also provide communication features 
complying with 806.3. Not more than 10 percent of guest rooms 
required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall be 
used to satisfy the minimum number of guest rooms required to 
provide communication features complying with 806.3.

F225 Storage

    F225.1 General. Storage facilities shall comply with F225.
    F225.2 Storage. Where storage is provided in accessible spaces, 
at least one of each type shall comply with 811.
    F225.2.1 Lockers. Where lockers are provided, at least 5 
percent, but no fewer than one of each type, shall comply with 811.
    F225.2.2 Self-Service Shelving. Self-service shelves shall be 
located on an accessible route complying with 402. Self-service 
shelving shall not be required to comply with 308.
    F225.3 Self-Service Storage Facilities. Self-service storage 
facilities shall provide individual self-service storage spaces 
complying with these requirements in accordance with Table F225.3.

              Table F225.3--Self-Service Storage Facilities
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Minimum number of spaces
         Total spaces in facility             required to be accessible
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 200..................................  5 percent, but no fewer than
                                             1.
201 and over..............................  10, plus 2 percent of total
                                             number of units over 200.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F225.3.1 Dispersion. Individual self-service storage spaces 
shall be dispersed throughout the various classes of spaces 
provided. Where more classes of spaces are provided than the number 
required to be accessible, the number of spaces shall not be 
required to exceed that required by Table F225.3. Self-service 
storage spaces complying with Table F225.3 shall not be required to 
be dispersed among buildings in a multi-building facility.

[[Page 59521]]

F226 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces

    F226.1 General. Where dining surfaces are provided for the 
consumption of food or drink, at least 5 percent of the seating 
spaces and standing spaces at the dining surfaces shall comply with 
902. In addition, where work surfaces are provided, at least 5 
percent shall comply with 902.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Sales counters and service counters shall not be 
required to comply with 902.
    2. Check writing surfaces provided at check-out aisles not 
required to comply with 904.3 shall not be required to comply with 
902.
    F226.2 Dispersion. Dining surfaces and work surfaces required to 
comply with 902 shall be dispersed throughout the space or facility 
containing dining surfaces and work surfaces.

F227 Sales and Service

    F227.1 General. Where provided, check-out aisles, sales 
counters, service counters, food service lines, queues, and waiting 
lines shall comply with F227 and 904.
    F227.2 Check-Out Aisles. Where check-out aisles are provided, 
check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided in 
accordance with Table F227.2. Where check-out aisles serve different 
functions, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided 
in accordance with Table F227.2 for each function. Where check-out 
aisles are dispersed throughout the building or facility, check-out 
aisles complying with 904.3 shall be dispersed.
    EXCEPTION: Where the selling space is under 5000 square feet 
(465 m2) no more than one check-out aisle complying with 904.3 shall 
be required.

                     Table F227.2--Check-Out Aisles
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum number of check-out
    Number of check-out aisles of each         aisles of each function
                 function                      required to comply with
                                                        904.3
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 4....................................  1.
5 to 8....................................  2.
9 to 15...................................  3.
16 and over...............................  3, plus 20 percent of
                                             additional aisles.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F227.2.1 Altered Check-Out Aisles. Where check-out aisles are 
altered, at least one of each check-out aisle serving each function 
shall comply with 904.3 until the number of check-out aisles 
complies with F227.2.
    F227.3 Counters. Where provided, at least one of each type of 
sales counter and service counter shall comply with 904.4. Where 
counters are dispersed throughout the building or facility, counters 
complying with 904.4 also shall be dispersed.
    F227.4 Food Service Lines. Food service lines shall comply with 
904.5. Where self-service shelves are provided, at least 50 percent, 
but no fewer than one, of each type provided shall comply with 308.
    F227.5 Queues and Waiting Lines. Queues and waiting lines 
servicing counters or check-out aisles required to comply with 904.3 
or 904.4 shall comply with 403.

F228 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and 
Fuel Dispensers

    F228.1 General. Where provided, at least one of each type of 
depository, vending machine, change machine, and fuel dispenser 
shall comply with 309.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Drive-up only depositories shall not be required 
to comply with 309.
    2. Fuel dispensers provided for fueling official government 
vehicles shall not be required to comply with 309.
    F228.2 Mail Boxes. Where mail boxes are provided in an interior 
location, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type 
shall comply with 309. In residential facilities, where mail boxes 
are provided for each residential dwelling unit, mail boxes 
complying with 309 shall be provided for each residential dwelling 
unit required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 
through 809.4.

F229 Windows

    F229.1 General. Where glazed openings are provided in accessible 
rooms or spaces for operation by occupants, excluding employees, at 
least one opening shall comply with 309. In accessible rooms or 
spaces, each glazed opening required by an administrative authority 
to be operable shall comply with 309.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Glazed openings in residential dwelling units 
required to comply with 809 shall not be required to comply with 
F229.
    2. Glazed openings in guest rooms required to provide 
communication features and in guest rooms required to comply with 
F206.5.3 shall not be required to comply with F229.

F230 Two-Way Communication Systems

    F230.1 General. Where a two-way communication system is provided 
to gain admittance to a building or facility or to restricted areas 
within a building or facility, the system shall comply with 708.

F231 Judicial Facilities

    F231.1 General. Judicial facilities shall comply with F231.
    F231.2 Courtrooms. Each courtroom shall comply with 808.
    F231.3 Holding Cells. Where provided, central holding cells and 
court-floor holding cells shall comply with F231.3.
    F231.3.1 Central Holding Cells. Where separate central holding 
cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult female, or 
juvenile female, one of each type shall comply with 807.2. Where 
central holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or 
sex, at least one cell complying with 807.2 shall be provided.
    F231.3.2 Court-Floor Holding Cells. Where separate court-floor 
holding cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult 
female, or juvenile female, each courtroom shall be served by one 
cell of each type complying with 807.2. Where court-floor holding 
cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, courtrooms 
shall be served by at least one cell complying with 807.2. Cells may 
serve more than one courtroom.
    F231.4 Visiting Areas. Visiting areas shall comply with F231.4.
    F231.4.1 Cubicles and Counters. At least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of cubicles shall comply with 902 on both the visitor and 
detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall 
comply with 904.4.2 on both the visitor and detainee sides.
    EXCEPTION: The detainee side of cubicles or counters at non-
contact visiting areas not serving holding cells required to comply 
with F231 shall not be required to comply with 902 or 904.4.2.
    F231.4.2 Partitions. Where solid partitions or security glazing 
separate visitors from detainees at least one of each type of 
cubicle or counter partition shall comply with 904.6.

F232 Detention Facilities and Correctional Facilities

    F232.1 General. Buildings, facilities, or portions thereof, in 
which people are detained for penal or correction purposes, or in 
which the liberty of the inmates is restricted for security reasons 
shall comply with F232.
    F232.2 General Holding Cells and General Housing Cells. General 
holding cells and general housing cells shall be provided in 
accordance with F232.2.
    EXCEPTION: Alterations to cells shall not be required to comply 
except to the extent determined by regulations issued by the 
appropriate Federal agency having authority under section 504 of the 
Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
    F232.2.1 Cells with Mobility Features. At least 2 percent, but 
no fewer than one, of the total number of cells in a facility shall 
provide mobility features complying with 807.2.
    F232.2.1.1 Beds. In cells having more than 25 beds, at least 5 
percent of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with 
807.2.3.
    F232.2.2 Cells with Communication Features. At least 2 percent, 
but no fewer than one, of the total number of general holding cells 
and general housing cells equipped with audible emergency alarm 
systems and permanently installed telephones within the cell shall 
provide communication features complying with 807.3.
    F232.3 Special Holding Cells and Special Housing Cells. Where 
special holding cells or special housing cells are provided, at 
least one cell serving each purpose shall provide mobility features 
complying with 807.2. Cells subject to this requirement include, but 
are not limited to, those used for purposes of orientation, 
protective custody, administrative or disciplinary detention or 
segregation, detoxification, and medical isolation.
    EXCEPTION: Alterations to cells shall not be required to comply 
except to the extent determined by regulations issued by the 
appropriate Federal agency having authority under section 504 of the 
Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
    F232.4 Medical Care Facilities. Patient bedrooms or cells 
required to comply with F223 shall be provided in addition to any 
medical isolation cells required to comply with F232.3.

[[Page 59522]]

    F232.5 Visiting Areas. Visiting areas shall comply with F232.5.
    F232.5.1 Cubicles and Counters. At least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of cubicles shall comply with 902 on both the visitor and 
detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall 
comply with 904.4.2 on both the visitor and detainee or inmate 
sides.
    EXCEPTION: The inmate or detainee side of cubicles or counters 
at non-contact visiting areas not serving holding cells or housing 
cells required to comply with F232 shall not be required to comply 
with 902 or 904.4.2.
    F232.5.2 Partitions. Where solid partitions or security glazing 
separate visitors from detainees or inmates at least one of each 
type of cubicle or counter partition shall comply with 904.6.

F233 Residential Facilities

    F233.1 General. Facilities with residential dwelling units shall 
comply with F233.
    F233.2 Residential Dwelling Units Provided by HUD or Through 
Grant or Loan Programs Administered by HUD. Where facilities with 
residential dwelling units are provided by the Department of Housing 
and Urban Development (HUD), or through a grant or loan program 
administered by HUD, residential dwelling units with mobility 
features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall be provided in a 
number required by the regulations issued by HUD under Section 504 
of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended. Residential dwelling 
units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 
through 809.4 shall be on an accessible route as required by F206. 
In addition, residential dwelling units with communication features 
complying with 809.5 shall be provided in a number required by the 
applicable HUD regulations. Residential dwelling units subject to 
F233.2 shall not be required to comply with F233.3 or F233.4.
    F233.3 Residential Dwelling Units Provided on Military 
Installations. Military installations with residential dwelling 
units shall comply with F233.3. Residential dwelling units on 
military installations subject to F233.3 shall not be required to 
comply with F233.2 or F233.4.
    F233.3.1 Minimum Number: New Construction. Newly constructed 
facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with 
F233.3.1.
    F233.3.1.1 Residential Dwelling Units with Mobility Features. On 
military installations with residential dwelling units, at least 5 
percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of 
residential dwelling units shall provide mobility features complying 
with 809.2 through 809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as 
required by F206.
    F233.3.1.2 Residential Dwelling Units with Communication 
Features. On military installations with residential dwelling units, 
at least 2 percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number 
of residential dwelling units shall provide communication features 
complying with 809.5.
    F233.3.2 Additions. Where an addition to an existing building 
results in an increase in the number of residential dwelling units, 
the requirements of F233.3.1 shall apply only to the residential 
dwelling units that are added until the total number of residential 
dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 
F233.3.1. Residential dwelling units required to comply with 
F233.3.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required by F206.
    F233.3.3 Alterations. Alterations shall comply with F233.3.3.
    EXCEPTION: Where compliance with 809.2, 809.3, or 809.4 is 
technically infeasible, or where it is technically infeasible to 
provide an accessible route to a residential dwelling unit, the 
Department of Defense shall be permitted to alter or construct a 
comparable residential dwelling unit to comply with 809.2 through 
809.4 provided that the minimum number of residential dwelling units 
required by F233.3.1.1 and F233.3.1.2, as applicable, is satisfied.
    F233.3.3.1 Alterations to Vacated Buildings. Where a building is 
vacated for the purposes of alteration, at least 5 percent of the 
residential dwelling units shall comply with 809.2 through 809.4 and 
shall be on an accessible route as required by F206. In addition, at 
least 2 percent of the residential dwelling units shall comply with 
809.5.
    F233.3.3.2 Alterations to Individual Residential Dwelling Units. 
In individual residential dwelling units, where a bathroom or a 
kitchen is substantially altered, and at least one other room is 
altered, the requirements of F233.3.1 shall apply to the altered 
residential dwelling units until the total number of residential 
dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 
F233.3.1.1 and F233.3.1.2. Residential dwelling units required to 
comply with F233.3.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required 
by F206.
    F233.3.4 Dispersion. Residential dwelling units required to 
provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 and 
residential dwelling units required provide communication features 
complying with 809.5 shall be dispersed among the various types of 
residential dwelling units on the military installation, and shall 
provide choices of residential dwelling units comparable to, and 
integrated with, those available to other residents.
    EXCEPTION: Where multi-story residential dwelling units are one 
of the types of residential dwelling units provided, one-story 
residential dwelling units shall be permitted as a substitute for 
multi-story residential dwelling units where equivalent spaces and 
amenities are provided in the one-story residential dwelling unit.
    F233.4 Residential Dwelling Units Provided by Other Federal 
Agencies or Through Grant or Loan Programs Administered by Other 
Federal Agencies. Facilities with residential dwelling units 
provided by other federal agencies or through grant or loan programs 
administered by other federal agencies shall comply with F233.4. 
Residential dwelling units subject to F233.4 shall not be required 
to comply with F233.2 or F233.3.
    F233.4.1 Minimum Number: New Construction. Newly constructed 
facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with 
F233.4.1.
    EXCEPTION: Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential 
dwelling units, the requirements of F233.4.1.1 and F233.4.1.2 shall 
apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are 
constructed under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, 
whether or not located on a common site.
    F233.4.1.1 Residential Dwelling Units with Mobility Features. In 
facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent, but 
no fewer than one unit, of the total number of residential dwelling 
units shall provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 
809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by F206.
    F233.4.1.2 Residential Dwelling Units with Communication 
Features. In facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 2 
percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of 
residential dwelling units shall provide communication features 
complying with 809.5.
    F233.4.2 Residential Dwelling Units for Sale. Residential 
dwelling units offered for sale shall provide accessible features to 
the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under 
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.
    F233.4.3 Additions. Where an addition to an existing building 
results in an increase in the number of residential dwelling units, 
the requirements of F233.4.1 shall apply only to the residential 
dwelling units that are added until the total number of residential 
dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 
F233.4.1. Residential dwelling units required to comply with 
F233.4.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required by F206.
    F233.4.4 Alterations. Alterations shall comply with F233.4.4.
    EXCEPTION: Where compliance with 809.2, 809.3, or 809.4 is 
technically infeasible, or where it is technically infeasible to 
provide an accessible route to a residential dwelling unit, the 
entity shall be permitted to alter or construct a comparable 
residential dwelling unit to comply with 809.2 through 809.4 
provided that the minimum number of residential dwelling units 
required by F233.4.1.1 and F233.4.1.2, as applicable, is satisfied.
    F233.4.4.1 Alterations to Vacated Buildings. Where a building is 
vacated for the purposes of alteration and the altered building 
contains more than 15 residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent 
of the residential dwelling units shall comply with 809.2 through 
809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by F206. In 
addition, at least 2 percent of the residential dwelling units shall 
comply with 809.5.
    F233.4.4.2 Alterations to Individual Residential Dwelling Units. 
In individual residential dwelling units, where a bathroom or a 
kitchen is substantially altered, and at least one other room is 
altered the requirements of F233.4.1 shall apply to the altered 
residential dwelling units until the total number of residential 
dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 
F233.4.1.1 and F233.4.1.2. Residential dwelling units required to 
comply with F233.4.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required 
by F206.
    EXCEPTION: Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential 
dwelling units, the

[[Page 59523]]

requirements of F233.4.1.1 and F233.4.1.2 shall apply to the total 
number of residential dwelling units that are altered under a single 
contract, or are developed as a whole, whether or not located on a 
common site.
    F233.4.5 Dispersion. Residential dwelling units required to 
provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 and 
residential dwelling units required to provide communication 
features complying with 809.5 shall be dispersed among the various 
types of residential dwelling units in the facility and shall 
provide choices of residential dwelling units comparable to, and 
integrated with, those available to other residents.
    EXCEPTION: Where multi-story residential dwelling units are one 
of the types of residential dwelling units provided, one-story 
residential dwelling units shall be permitted as a substitute for 
multi-story residential dwelling units where equivalent spaces and 
amenities are provided in the one-story residential dwelling unit.

F234 Amusement Rides

    F234.1 General. Amusement rides shall comply with F234.
    EXCEPTION: Mobile or portable amusement rides shall not be 
required to comply with F234.
    F234.2 Load and Unload Areas. Load and unload areas serving 
amusement rides shall comply with 1002.3.
    F234.3 Minimum Number. Amusement rides shall provide at least 
one wheelchair space complying with 1002.4, or at least one 
amusement ride seat designed for transfer complying with 1002.5, or 
at least one transfer device complying with 1002.6.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Amusement rides that are controlled or operated 
by the rider shall not be required to comply with F234.3.
    2. Amusement rides designed primarily for children, where 
children are assisted on and off the ride by an adult, shall not be 
required to comply with F234.3.
    3. Amusement rides that do not provide amusement ride seats 
shall not be required to comply with F234.3.
    F234.4 Existing Amusement Rides. Where existing amusement rides 
are altered, the alteration shall comply with F234.4.
    F234.4.1 Load and Unload Areas. Where load and unload areas 
serving existing amusement rides are newly designed and constructed, 
the load and unload areas shall comply with 1002.3.
    F234.4.2 Minimum Number. Where the structural or operational 
characteristics of an amusement ride are altered to the extent that 
the amusement ride's performance differs from that specified by the 
manufacturer or the original design, the amusement ride shall comply 
with F234.3.

F235 Recreational Boating Facilities

    F235.1 General. Recreational boating facilities shall comply 
with F235.
    F235.2 Boat Slips. Boat slips complying with 1003.3.1 shall be 
provided in accordance with Table F235.2. Where the number of boat 
slips is not identified, each 40 feet (12 m) of boat slip edge 
provided along the perimeter of the pier shall be counted as one 
boat slip for the purpose of this section.

                        Table F235.2--Boat Slips
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total number of boat slips provided in     Minimum number of required
                 facility                       accessible boat slips
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 to 25...................................  1.
26 to 50..................................  2.
51 to 100.................................  3.
101 to 150................................  4.
151 to 300................................  5.
301 to 400................................  6.
401 to 500................................  7.
501 to 600................................  8.
601 to 700................................  9.
701 to 800................................  10.
801 to 900................................  11.
901 to 1000...............................  12.
1001 and over.............................  12, plus 1 for every 100, or
                                             fraction thereof, over
                                             1000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F235.2.1 Dispersion. Boat slips complying with 1003.3.1 shall be 
dispersed throughout the various types of boat slips provided. Where 
the minimum number of boat slips required to comply with 1003.3.1 
has been met, no further dispersion shall be required.
    F235.3 Boarding Piers at Boat Launch Ramps. Where boarding piers 
are provided at boat launch ramps, at least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of the boarding piers shall comply with 1003.3.2.

F236 Exercise Machines and Equipment

    F236.1 General. At least one of each type of exercise machine 
and equipment shall comply with 1004.

F237 Fishing Piers and Platforms

    F237.1 General. Fishing piers and platforms shall comply with 
1005.

F238 Golf Facilities

    F238.1 General. Golf facilities shall comply with F238.
    F238.2 Golf Courses. Golf courses shall comply with F238.2.
    F238.2.1 Teeing Grounds. Where one teeing ground is provided for 
a hole, the teeing ground shall be designed and constructed so that 
a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground. Where two teeing 
grounds are provided for a hole, the forward teeing ground shall be 
designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the 
teeing ground. Where three or more teeing grounds are provided for a 
hole, at least two teeing grounds, including the forward teeing 
ground, shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can 
enter and exit each teeing ground.
    EXCEPTION: In existing golf courses, the forward teeing ground 
shall not be required to be one of the teeing grounds on a hole 
designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the 
teeing ground where compliance is not feasible due to terrain.
    F238.2.2 Putting Greens. Putting greens shall be designed and 
constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the putting green.
    F238.2.3 Weather Shelters. Where provided, weather shelters 
shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and 
exit the weather shelter and shall comply with 1006.4.
    F238.3 Practice Putting Greens, Practice Teeing Grounds, and 
Teeing Stations at Driving Ranges. At least 5 percent, but no fewer 
than one, of practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and 
teeing stations at driving ranges shall be designed and constructed 
so that a golf car can enter and exit the practice putting greens, 
practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges.

F239 Miniature Golf Facilities

    F239.1 General. Miniature golf facilities shall comply with 
F239.
    F239.2 Minimum Number. At least 50 percent of holes on miniature 
golf courses shall comply with 1007.3.
    F239.3 Miniature Golf Course Configuration. Miniature golf 
courses shall be configured so that the holes complying with 1007.3 
are consecutive. Miniature golf courses shall provide an accessible 
route from the last hole complying with 1007.3 to the course 
entrance or exit without requiring travel through any other holes on 
the course.
    EXCEPTION: One break in the sequence of consecutive holes shall 
be permitted provided that the last hole on the miniature golf 
course is the last hole in the sequence.

F240 Play Areas

    F240.1 General. Play areas for children ages 2 and over shall 
comply with F240. Where separate play areas are provided within a 
site for specific age groups, each play area shall comply with F240.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Play areas located in family child care 
facilities where the proprietor actually resides shall not be 
required to comply with F240.
    2. In existing play areas, where play components are relocated 
for the purposes of creating safe use zones and the ground surface 
is not altered or extended for more than one use zone, the play area 
shall not be required to comply with F240.
    3. Amusement attractions shall not be required to comply with 
F240.
    4. Where play components are altered and the ground surface is 
not altered, the ground surface shall not be required to comply with 
1008.2.6 unless required by F202.4.
    F240.1.1 Additions. Where play areas are designed and 
constructed in phases, the requirements of F240 shall apply to each 
successive addition so that when the addition is completed, the 
entire play area complies with all the applicable requirements of 
F240.
    F240.2 Play Components. Where provided, play components shall 
comply with F240.2.
    F240.2.1 Ground Level Play Components. Ground level play 
components shall be provided in the number and types required by 
F240.2.1. Ground level play components that are provided to comply 
with F240.2.1.1 shall be permitted to satisfy the additional number 
required by F240.2.1.2 if the minimum required types of play 
components are satisfied. Where two or more required ground level 
play components are provided, they shall be dispersed throughout the 
play area and integrated with other play components.
    F240.2.1.1 Minimum Number and Types. Where ground level play 
components are

[[Page 59524]]

provided, at least one of each type shall be on an accessible route 
and shall comply with 1008.4.
    F240.2.1.2 Additional Number and Types. Where elevated play 
components are provided, ground level play components shall be 
provided in accordance with Table F240.2.1.2 and shall comply with 
1008.4.
    EXCEPTION: If at least 50 percent of the elevated play 
components are connected by a ramp and at least 3 of the elevated 
play components connected by the ramp are different types of play 
components, the play area shall not be required to comply with 
F240.2.1.2.

   Table F240.2.1.2--Number and Types of Ground Level Play Components
                   Required To Be on Accessible Routes
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Minimum number of
                                Minimum number of    different types of
   Number of elevated play      ground level play     ground level play
     components provided       components required   components required
                                   to be on an           to be on an
                                accessible route      accessible route
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1...........................  Not applicable......  Not applicable.
2 to 4......................  1...................  1.
5 to 7......................  2...................  2.
8 to 10.....................  3...................  3.
11 to 13....................  4...................  3.
14 to 16....................  5...................  3.
17 to 19....................  6...................  3.
20 to 22....................  7...................  4.
23 to 25....................  8...................  4.
26 and over.................  8, plus 1 for each    5.
                               additional 3, or
                               fraction thereof,
                               over 25.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F240.2.2 Elevated Play Components. Where elevated play 
components are provided, at least 50 percent shall be on an 
accessible route and shall comply with 1008.4.

F241 Saunas and Steam Rooms

    F241.1 General. Where provided, saunas and steam rooms shall 
comply with 612.
    EXCEPTION: Where saunas or steam rooms are clustered at a single 
location, no more than 5 percent of the saunas and steam rooms, but 
no fewer than one, of each type in each cluster shall be required to 
comply with 612.

F242 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas

    F242.1 General. Swimming pools, wading pools, and spas shall 
comply with F242.
    F242.2 Swimming Pools. At least two accessible means of entry 
shall be provided for swimming pools. Accessible means of entry 
shall be swimming pool lifts complying with 1009.2; sloped entries 
complying with 1009.3; transfer walls complying with 1009.4; 
transfer systems complying with 1009.5; and pool stairs complying 
with 1009.6. At least one accessible means of entry provided shall 
comply with 1009.2 or 1009.3.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where a swimming pool has less than 300 linear 
feet (91 m) of swimming pool wall, no more than one accessible means 
of entry shall be required provided that the accessible means of 
entry is a swimming pool lift complying with 1009.2 or sloped entry 
complying with 1009.3.
    2. Wave action pools, leisure rivers, sand bottom pools, and 
other pools where user access is limited to one area shall not be 
required to provide more than one accessible means of entry provided 
that the accessible means of entry is a swimming pool lift complying 
with 1009.2, a sloped entry complying with 1009.3, or a transfer 
system complying with 1009.5.
    3. Catch pools shall not be required to provide an accessible 
means of entry provided that the catch pool edge is on an accessible 
route.
    F242.3 Wading Pools. At least one accessible means of entry 
shall be provided for wading pools. Accessible means of entry shall 
comply with sloped entries complying with 1009.3.
    F242.4 Spas. At least one accessible means of entry shall be 
provided for spas. Accessible means of entry shall comply with 
swimming pool lifts complying with 1009.2; transfer walls complying 
with 1009.4; or transfer systems complying with 1009.5.
    EXCEPTION: Where spas are provided in a cluster, no more than 5 
percent, but no fewer than one, spa in each cluster shall be 
required to comply with F242.4.

F243 Shooting Facilities With Firing Positions

    F243.1 General. Where shooting facilities with firing positions 
are designed and constructed at a site, at least 5 percent, but no 
fewer than one, of each type of firing position shall comply with 
1010.

F244 Camping Facilities

    F244.1 General. Camping facilities, other than camping 
facilities on trails, shall comply with F244.
    F244.2 Camping Units with Mobility Features. Camping facilities 
shall provide camping units with mobility features complying with 
F244.2 in accordance with Table F244.2. Where a camping facility 
provides different types of camping units, Table F244.2 shall apply 
to each type of camping unit provided.

           Table F244.2--Camping Units With Mobility Features
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Minimum number of camping
 Total number of camping units provided in  units with mobility features
             camping facility                         required
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.........................................  1.
2 to 25...................................  2.
26 to 50..................................  3.
51 to 75..................................  4.
76 to 100.................................  5.
101 to 150................................  7.
151 to 200................................  8.
201 and over..............................  8, plus 2 percent of the
                                             number over 200.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    F244.2.1 Alterations and Additions. Where camping units are 
altered or added, the requirements of F244.2 shall apply only to the 
camping units that are altered or added until the number of camping 
units with mobility features complies with the minimum number 
required in Table 244.2.
    EXCEPTION: Where an entity is implementing a transition plan for 
program accessibility developed pursuant to regulations issued under 
section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act that designates specific 
camping units to provide mobility features complying with F244.2, 
the entity shall not be required to comply with F244.2 when altering 
individual elements within camping units that are not designated to 
provide mobility features complying with F244.2.
    F244.2.2 Dispersion. Camping units required to provide mobility 
features complying with F244.2 shall provide choices of camping 
units comparable to, and integrated with, those available to others.
    F244.2.3 Elements Within Camping Units with Mobility Features. 
Elements within camping units required to provide mobility features 
shall comply with F244.2.3.
    F244.2.3.1 Outdoor Constructed Features. Where provided, at 
least one of each type of outdoor constructed features shall comply 
with 1011. Where more than one of the same type of outdoor 
constructed features is provided, at least two of the same type of

[[Page 59525]]

outdoor constructed features shall comply with 1011.
    F244.2.3.2 Parking Spaces. Where provided, parking spaces shall 
comply with F244.2.3.2.
    F244.2.3.2.1 Recreational Vehicles. Where parking spaces are 
provided for recreational vehicles, at least one parking space shall 
comply with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5. Where more than one parking 
space is provided for recreational vehicles, at least two parking 
spaces shall comply with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
    F244.2.3.2.2 Vehicles Other Than Recreational Vehicles. Where 
parking spaces are provided for vehicles other than recreational 
vehicles, at least one parking space shall comply with 1012.3, 
1012.4, and 1012.5. Where more than one parking space is provided 
for a vehicle other than a recreational vehicle, at least two 
parking spaces shall comply with 1012.3, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
    244.2.3.3 Tent Pads and Tent Platforms. Where provided, at least 
one tent pad and tent platform shall comply with 1013. Where more 
than one tent pad and tent platform is provided, at least two tent 
pads and tent platforms shall comply with 1013.
    F244.2.3.4 Camp Shelters. Where provided, at least one camp 
shelter shall comply with 1014. Where more than one camp shelter is 
provided, at least two camp shelters shall comply with 1014.
    F244.3 Outdoor Constructed Features in Common Use and Public Use 
Areas. Where provided in common use and public use areas that serve 
camping units with mobility features, at least 20 percent, but not 
less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided 
at each location shall comply with 1011.
    F244.4 Pull-up Spaces for Recreational Vehicles at Dump 
Stations. Where provided, pull-up spaces for recreational vehicles 
at dump stations shall comply with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
    F244.5 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes. Camping facilities 
shall provide outdoor recreation access routes complying with 1016 
in accordance with F244.5.
    F244.5.1 Routes Within Camping Units with Mobility Features. At 
least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible 
elements, spaces, and facilities provided within camping units with 
mobility features.
    F244.5.2 Routes to and Within Common Use and Public Use Areas. 
Common use and public use areas serving camping units with mobility 
features shall provide outdoor recreation access routes in 
accordance with F244.5.2.
    EXCEPTION: Outdoor recreation access routes shall not be 
required to connect camping units with mobility features and 
recreational vehicle dump stations where a pull-up space complying 
with 1012.2, 1012.4, and 1012.5 is provided at the dump station for 
recreational vehicles.
    F244.5.2.1 Routes to Common Use and Public Use Areas. At least 
one outdoor recreation access route shall connect each camping unit 
with mobility features with common use and public use areas serving 
the unit.
    F244.5.2.2 Routes Within Common Use and Public Use Areas. At 
least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible 
elements, spaces, and facilities provided within common use and 
public use areas serving camping units with mobility features.
    F244.5.3 Routes to Adjacent Recreation Facilities. Where a 
circulation path connects camping facilities and adjacent recreation 
facilities, at least one outdoor recreation access route shall 
connect camping units with mobility features to an accessible route 
serving the adjacent recreation facilities.
    F244.5.4 Location. Outdoor recreation access routes required by 
F244.5.2 and F244.5.3 shall coincide with or be located in the same 
area as general circulation paths.

F245 Picnic Facilities

    F245.1 General. Picnic facilities, other than picnic facilities 
on trails, shall comply with F245.
    F245.2 Picnic Units with Mobility Features. Picnic facilities 
shall provide picnic units with mobility features in accordance with 
F245.2.
    F245.2.1 Picnic Facilities with Two or Fewer Picnic Units. Where 
picnic facilities contain two or fewer picnic units, each picnic 
unit shall provide mobility features complying with F245.2.
    F245.2.2 Picnic Facilities with More Than Two Picnic Units. 
Where picnic facilities contain more than two picnic units, at least 
20 percent, but not less than two, of the picnic units shall provide 
mobility features complying with F245.2.
    F245.2.3 Alterations and Additions. Where picnic units are 
altered or added, the requirements of F245.2 shall apply only to the 
picnic units that are altered or added until the number of picnic 
units with mobility features complies with the minimum number 
required in F245.2.1 or F245.2.2.
    EXCEPTION: Where an entity is implementing a transition plan for 
program accessibility developed pursuant to regulations issued under 
section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act that designates specific 
picnic units to provide mobility features complying with F245.2, the 
entity shall not be required to comply with F245.2 when altering 
individual elements within picnic units that are not designated to 
provide mobility features complying with F245.2.
    F245.2.4 Dispersion. Picnic units required to provide mobility 
features complying with F245.2 shall provide choices of picnic units 
comparable to, and integrated with, those available to others.
    F245.2.5 Elements Within Picnic Units with Mobility Features. 
Elements within picnic units required to provide mobility features 
shall comply with F245.2.5.
    F245.2.5.1 Outdoor Constructed Features. Where provided, at 
least one of each type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply 
with 1011. Where more than one of the same type of outdoor 
constructed feature is provided, at least two of the same type of 
outdoor constructed features shall comply with 1011.
    F245.2.5.2 Parking Spaces. Where provided, at least one parking 
space shall comply with 1012.3, 1012.4, and 1012.5. Where more than 
one parking space is provided, at least two parking spaces shall 
comply with 1012.3, 1012.4, and 1012.5.
    F245.3 Outdoor Constructed Features in Common Use and Public Use 
Areas. Where provided in common use and public use areas that serve 
picnic units with mobility features, at least 20 percent, but not 
less than one, of each type of outdoor constructed feature provided 
at each location shall comply with 1011.
    F245.4 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes. Picnic facilities shall 
provide outdoor recreation access routes complying with 1016 in 
accordance with F245.4.
    F245.4.1 Routes Within Picnic Units with Mobility Features. At 
least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible 
elements, spaces, and facilities provided within picnic units with 
mobility features.
    F245.4.2 Routes to and Within Common Use and Public Use Areas. 
Common use and public use areas serving picnic units with mobility 
features shall provide outdoor recreation access routes in 
accordance with F245.4.2.
    F245.4.2.1 Routes to Common Use and Public Use Areas. At least 
one outdoor recreation access route shall connect each picnic unit 
with mobility features with common use and public use areas serving 
that unit.
    F245.4.2.2 Routes Within Common Use and Public Use Areas. At 
least one outdoor recreation access route shall connect accessible 
elements, spaces, and facilities provided within common use and 
public use areas serving picnic units with mobility features.
    F245.4.3 Routes to Adjacent Recreation Facilities. Where a 
circulation path connects picnic facilities and adjacent recreation 
facilities, at least one outdoor recreation access route shall 
connect picnic units with mobility features to an accessible route 
serving the adjacent recreation facilities.
    F245.4.4 Location. Outdoor recreation access routes required by 
F245.4.2 and F245.4.3 shall coincide with or be located in the same 
area as general circulation paths.

F246 Viewing Areas

    F246.1 General. Viewing areas, other than viewing areas on 
trails, shall comply with F246.1.
    F246.2 Distinct Viewing Locations. Each distinct viewing 
location within a viewing area shall comply with 1015.
    F246.3 Outdoor Constructed Features. Where provided within 
viewing areas, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of each 
type of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011.
    F246.4 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes. At least one outdoor 
recreation access route complying with 1016 shall connect accessible 
parking spaces or other arrival points serving the viewing area with 
accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within the 
viewing area.

F247 Trails

    F247.1 General. Where a trail is designed for use by hikers or 
pedestrians and directly

[[Page 59526]]

connects to a trailhead or another trail that substantially meets 
the requirements in 1017, the trail shall comply with 1017.
    F247.2 Existing Trails. Where the original design, function, or 
purpose of an existing trail is changed and the altered portion of 
the trail directly connects to a trailhead or another trail that 
substantially meets the requirements in 1017, the altered portion of 
the trail shall comply with 1017.
    F247.3 Trailheads. Trailheads shall comply with F247.3.
    F247.3.1 Outdoor Constructed Features. Where provided within 
trailheads, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of each type 
of outdoor constructed feature shall comply with 1011.
    F247.3.2 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes. At least one outdoor 
recreation access route complying with 1016 shall connect the 
following:
    1. Accessible parking spaces or other arrival points serving the 
trailhead;
    2. Starting point of the trail; and
    3. Accessible elements, spaces, and facilities provided within 
the trailhead.
    F247.4 Trail Facilities. Where provided on trails, facilities 
shall comply with F247.4.
    F247.4.1 Camping Facilities. Camping facilities provided on 
trails shall comply with F244.2 and F244.3.
    F247.4.2 Picnic Facilities. Picnic facilities provided on trails 
shall comply with F245.2 and F245.3.
    F247.4.3 Viewing Areas. Viewing areas provided on trails shall 
comply with F246.2 and F246.3.
    F247.4.4 Routes. Routes that connect trails complying with 1017 
to camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, pit 
toilets, and accessible elements provided within the facilities 
shall comply with 1017.
    F247.5 Outdoor Constructed Features. Where outdoor constructed 
features are provided on trails, other than within facilities 
specified in F247.4, at least 20 percent, but not less than one, of 
each type of outdoor constructed feature at each location shall 
comply with 1011.

F248 Beach Access Routes

    F248.1 General. Beach access routes complying with 1018 shall be 
provided in accordance with F248.1. Beach access routes shall be 
permanent or removable.
    EXCEPTION: Beach access routes shall not be required where 
pedestrian access to the beach is not permitted.
    F248.1.1 Facilities Serving Beaches. Beach access routes shall 
be provided in a number complying with F248.2 where the entity that 
administers or manages a beach constructs or alters any of the 
following facilities to serve the beach:
    1. Circulation paths;
    2. Parking facilities;
    3. Toilet facilities; or
    4. Bathing facilities.
    EXCEPTION: The entity shall not be required to expend more than 
20 percent of the costs of constructing or altering the facilities 
to provide beach access routes.
    F248.1.2 Beach Nourishment. Beach access routes shall be 
provided in a number complying with F248.2 where the entity that 
administers or manages a beach undertakes a beach nourishment 
project.
    EXCEPTION: The entity shall not be required to expend more than 
20 percent of the costs of a beach nourishment project to provide 
beach access routes.
    F248.2 Minimum Number. Where beach access routes are required by 
F248.1, at least one beach access route shall be provided for each 
1/2 mile (0.8 km) of beach shoreline administered or managed by the 
entity.
    EXCEPTION: The number of beach access routes shall not be 
required to exceed the number of pedestrian access points provided 
by the entity to a beach.
    F248.3 Location. Beach access routes shall coincide with or be 
located in the same area as pedestrian access points to the beach.


0
7. Revise Appendix D to this part to read as follows:

Appendix D to Part 1191--Technical

Chapter 3: Building Blocks

301 General

    301.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 3 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

302 Floor or Ground Surfaces

    302.1 General. Floor and ground surfaces shall be stable, firm, 
and slip resistant and shall comply with 302.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Within animal containment areas, floor and ground 
surfaces shall not be required to be stable, firm, and slip 
resistant.
    2. Areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 
302.
    302.2 Carpet. Carpet or carpet tile shall be securely attached 
and shall have a firm cushion, pad, or backing or no cushion or pad. 
Carpet or carpet tile shall have a level loop, textured loop, level 
cut pile, or level cut/uncut pile texture. Pile height shall be \1/
2\ inch (13 mm) maximum. Exposed edges of carpet shall be fastened 
to floor surfaces and shall have trim on the entire length of the 
exposed edge. Carpet edge trim shall comply with 303.
    302.3 Openings. Openings in floor or ground surfaces shall not 
allow passage of a sphere more than \1/2\ inch (13 mm) diameter 
except as allowed in 407.4.3, 409.4.3, 410.4, 810.5.3 and 810.10. 
Elongated openings shall be placed so that the long dimension is 
perpendicular to the dominant direction of travel.

303 Changes in Level

    303.1 General. Where changes in level are permitted in floor or 
ground surfaces, they shall comply with 303.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Animal containment areas shall not be required to 
comply with 303.
    2. Areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 
303.
    303.2 Vertical. Changes in level of \1/4\ inch (6.4 mm) high 
maximum shall be permitted to be vertical.
    303.3 Beveled. Changes in level between \1/4\ inch (6.4 mm) high 
minimum and \1/2\ inch (13 mm) high maximum shall be beveled with a 
slope not steeper than 1:2.
    303.4 Ramps. Changes in level greater than \1/2\ inch (13 mm) 
high shall be ramped, and shall comply with 405 or 406.

304 Turning Space

    304.1 General. Turning space shall comply with 304.
    304.2 Floor or Ground Surfaces. Floor or ground surfaces of a 
turning space shall comply with 302. Changes in level are not 
permitted.
    EXCEPTION: Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
    304.3 Size. Turning space shall comply with 304.3.1 or 304.3.2.
    304.3.1 Circular Space. The turning space shall be a space of 60 
inches (1525 mm) diameter minimum. The space shall be permitted to 
include knee and toe clearance complying with 306.
    304.3.2 T-Shaped Space. The turning space shall be a T-shaped 
space within a 60 inch (1525 mm) square minimum with arms and base 
36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum. Each arm of the T shall be clear of 
obstructions 12 inches (305 mm) minimum in each direction and the 
base shall be clear of obstructions 24 inches (610 mm) minimum. The 
space shall be permitted to include knee and toe clearance complying 
with 306 only at the end of either the base or one arm.
    304.4 Door Swing. Doors shall be permitted to swing into turning 
spaces.

305 Clear Floor or Ground Space

    305.1 General. Clear floor or ground space shall comply with 
305.
    305.2 Floor or Ground Surfaces. Floor or ground surfaces of a 
clear floor or ground space shall comply with 302. Changes in level 
are not permitted.
    EXCEPTION: Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
    305.3 Size. The clear floor or ground space shall be 30 inches 
(760 mm) minimum by 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum.
    305.4 Knee and Toe Clearance. Unless otherwise specified, clear 
floor or ground space shall be permitted to include knee and toe 
clearance complying with 306.
    305.5 Position. Unless otherwise specified, clear floor or 
ground space shall be positioned for either forward or parallel 
approach to an element.
    305.6 Approach. One full unobstructed side of the clear floor or 
ground space shall adjoin an accessible route or adjoin another 
clear floor or ground space.
    305.7 Maneuvering Clearance. Where a clear floor or ground space 
is located in an alcove or otherwise confined on all or part of 
three sides, additional maneuvering clearance shall be provided in 
accordance with 305.7.1 and 305.7.2.
    305.7.1 Forward Approach. Alcoves shall be 36 inches (915 mm) 
wide minimum where the depth exceeds 24 inches (610 mm).
    305.7.2 Parallel Approach. Alcoves shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) 
wide minimum where the depth exceeds 15 inches (380 mm).

306 Knee and Toe Clearance

    306.1 General. Where space beneath an element is included as 
part of clear floor or ground space or turning space, the space 
shall comply with 306. Additional space

[[Page 59527]]

shall not be prohibited beneath an element but shall not be 
considered as part of the clear floor or ground space or turning 
space.
    306.2 Toe Clearance.
    306.2.1 General. Space under an element between the finish floor 
or ground and 9 inches (230 mm) above the finish floor or ground 
shall be considered toe clearance and shall comply with 306.2.
    306.2.2 Maximum Depth. Toe clearance shall extend 25 inches (635 
mm) maximum under an element.
    306.2.3 Minimum Required Depth. Where toe clearance is required 
at an element as part of a clear floor space, the toe clearance 
shall extend 17 inches (430 mm) minimum under the element.
    306.2.4 Additional Clearance. Space extending greater than 6 
inches (150 mm) beyond the available knee clearance at 9 inches (230 
mm) above the finish floor or ground shall not be considered toe 
clearance.
    306.2.5 Width. Toe clearance shall be 30 inches (760 mm) wide 
minimum.
    306.3 Knee Clearance.
    306.3.1 General. Space under an element between 9 inches (230 
mm) and 27 inches (685 mm) above the finish floor or ground shall be 
considered knee clearance and shall comply with 306.3.
    306.3.2 Maximum Depth. Knee clearance shall extend 25 inches 
(635 mm) maximum under an element at 9 inches (230 mm) above the 
finish floor or ground.
    306.3.3 Minimum Required Depth. Where knee clearance is required 
under an element as part of a clear floor space, the knee clearance 
shall be 11 inches (280 mm) deep minimum at 9 inches (230 mm) above 
the finish floor or ground, and 8 inches (205 mm) deep minimum at 27 
inches (685 mm) above the finish floor or ground.
    306.3.4 Clearance Reduction. Between 9 inches (230 mm) and 27 
inches (685 mm) above the finish floor or ground, the knee clearance 
shall be permitted to reduce at a rate of 1 inch (25 mm) in depth 
for each 6 inches (150 mm) in height.
    306.3.5 Width. Knee clearance shall be 30 inches (760 mm) wide 
minimum.

307 Protruding Objects

    307.1 General. Protruding objects shall comply with 307.
    307.2 Protrusion Limits. Objects with leading edges more than 27 
inches (685 mm) and not more than 80 inches (2030 mm) above the 
finish floor or ground shall protrude 4 inches (100 mm) maximum 
horizontally into the circulation path.
    EXCEPTION: Handrails shall be permitted to protrude 4\1/2\ 
inches (115 mm) maximum.
    307.3 Post-Mounted Objects. Freestanding objects mounted on 
posts or pylons shall overhang circulation paths 12 inches (305 mm) 
maximum when located 27 inches (685 mm) minimum and 80 inches (2030 
mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. Where a sign or other 
obstruction is mounted between posts or pylons and the clear 
distance between the posts or pylons is greater than 12 inches (305 
mm), the lowest edge of such sign or obstruction shall be 27 inches 
(685 mm) maximum or 80 inches (2030 mm) minimum above the finish 
floor or ground.
    EXCEPTION: The sloping portions of handrails serving stairs and 
ramps shall not be required to comply with 307.3.
    307.4 Vertical Clearance. Vertical clearance shall be 80 inches 
(2030 mm) high minimum. Guardrails or other barriers shall be 
provided where the vertical clearance is less than 80 inches (2030 
mm) high. The leading edge of such guardrail or barrier shall be 
located 27 inches (685 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground.
    EXCEPTION: Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 
78 inches (1980 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.
    307.5 Required Clear Width. Protruding objects shall not reduce 
the clear width required for accessible routes.

308 Reach Ranges

    308.1 General. Reach ranges shall comply with 308.
    308.2 Forward Reach.
    308.2.1 Unobstructed. Where a forward reach is unobstructed, the 
high forward reach shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum and the low 
forward reach shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum above the finish 
floor or ground.
    308.2.2 Obstructed High Reach. Where a high forward reach is 
over an obstruction, the clear floor space shall extend beneath the 
element for a distance not less than the required reach depth over 
the obstruction. The high forward reach shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) 
maximum where the reach depth is 20 inches (510 mm) maximum. Where 
the reach depth exceeds 20 inches (510 mm), the high forward reach 
shall be 44 inches (1120 mm) maximum and the reach depth shall be 25 
inches (635 mm) maximum.
    308.3 Side Reach.
    308.3.1 Unobstructed. Where a clear floor or ground space allows 
a parallel approach to an element and the side reach is 
unobstructed, the high side reach shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) 
maximum and the low side reach shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum 
above the finish floor or ground.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. An obstruction shall be permitted between the 
clear floor or ground space and the element where the depth of the 
obstruction is 10 inches (255 mm) maximum.
    2. Operable parts of fuel dispensers shall be permitted to be 54 
inches (1370 mm) maximum measured from the surface of the vehicular 
way where fuel dispensers are installed on existing curbs.
    308.3.2 Obstructed High Reach. Where a clear floor or ground 
space allows a parallel approach to an element and the high side 
reach is over an obstruction, the height of the obstruction shall be 
34 inches (865 mm) maximum and the depth of the obstruction shall be 
24 inches (610 mm) maximum. The high side reach shall be 48 inches 
(1220 mm) maximum for a reach depth of 10 inches (255 mm) maximum. 
Where the reach depth exceeds 10 inches (255 mm), the high side 
reach shall be 46 inches (1170 mm) maximum for a reach depth of 24 
inches (610 mm) maximum.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. The top of washing machines and clothes dryers 
shall be permitted to be 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finish 
floor.
    2. Operable parts of fuel dispensers shall be permitted to be 54 
inches (1370 mm) maximum measured from the surface of the vehicular 
way where fuel dispensers are installed on existing curbs.

309 Operable Parts

    309.1 General. Operable parts shall comply with 309.
    309.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor or ground space complying 
with 305 shall be provided.
    309.3 Height. Operable parts shall be placed within one or more 
of the reach ranges specified in 308.
    309.4 Operation. Operable parts shall be operable with one hand 
and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the 
wrist. The force required to activate operable parts shall be 5 
pounds (22.2 N) maximum.
    EXCEPTION: Gas pump nozzles shall not be required to provide 
operable parts that have an activating force of 5 pounds (22.2 N) 
maximum.

Chapter 4: Accessible Routes

401 General

    401.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 4 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

402 Accessible Routes

    402.1 General. Accessible routes shall comply with 402.
    402.2 Components. Accessible routes shall consist of one or more 
of the following components: walking surfaces with a running slope 
not steeper than 1:20, doorways, ramps, curb ramps excluding the 
flared sides, elevators, and platform lifts. All components of an 
accessible route shall comply with the applicable requirements of 
Chapter 4.

403 Walking Surfaces

    403.1 General. Walking surfaces that are a part of an accessible 
route shall comply with 403.
    403.2 Floor or Ground Surface. Floor or ground surfaces shall 
comply with 302.
    403.3 Slope. The running slope of walking surfaces shall not be 
steeper than 1:20. The cross slope of walking surfaces shall not be 
steeper than 1:48.
    403.4 Changes in Level. Changes in level shall comply with 303.
    403.5 Clearances. Walking surfaces shall provide clearances 
complying with 403.5.
    EXCEPTION: Within employee work areas, clearances on common use 
circulation paths shall be permitted to be decreased by work area 
equipment provided that the decrease is essential to the function of 
the work being performed.
    403.5.1 Clear Width. Except as provided in 403.5.2 and 403.5.3, 
the clear width of walking surfaces shall be 36 inches (915 mm) 
minimum.
    EXCEPTION: The clear width shall be permitted to be reduced to 
32 inches (815 mm) minimum for a length of 24 inches (610 mm) 
maximum provided that reduced width segments are separated by 
segments that are 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum and 36 inches 
(915 mm) wide minimum.
    403.5.2 Clear Width at Turn. Where the accessible route makes a 
180 degree turn around an element which is less than 48

[[Page 59528]]

inches (1220 mm) wide, clear width shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) 
minimum approaching the turn, 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum at the 
turn and 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum leaving the turn.
    EXCEPTION: Where the clear width at the turn is 60 inches (1525 
mm) minimum compliance with 403.5.2 shall not be required.
    403.5.3 Passing Spaces. An accessible route with a clear width 
less than 60 inches (1525 mm) shall provide passing spaces at 
intervals of 200 feet (61 m) maximum. Passing spaces shall be 
either: a space 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) 
minimum; or, an intersection of two walking surfaces providing a T-
shaped space complying with 304.3.2 where the base and arms of the 
T-shaped space extend 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum beyond the 
intersection.
    403.6 Handrails. Where handrails are provided along walking 
surfaces with running slopes not steeper than 1:20 they shall comply 
with 505.

404 Doors, Doorways, and Gates

    404.1 General. Doors, doorways, and gates that are part of an 
accessible route shall comply with 404.
    EXCEPTION: Doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated 
only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with 
404.2.7, 404.2.8, 404.2.9, 404.3.2 and 404.3.4 through 404.3.7.
    404.2 Manual Doors, Doorways, and Manual Gates. Manual doors and 
doorways and manual gates intended for user passage shall comply 
with 404.2.
    404.2.1 Revolving Doors, Gates, and Turnstiles. Revolving doors, 
revolving gates, and turnstiles shall not be part of an accessible 
route.
    404.2.2 Double-Leaf Doors and Gates. At least one of the active 
leaves of doorways with two leaves shall comply with 404.2.3 and 
404.2.4.
    404.2.3 Clear Width. Door openings shall provide a clear width 
of 32 inches (815 mm) minimum. Clear openings of doorways with 
swinging doors shall be measured between the face of the door and 
the stop, with the door open 90 degrees. Openings more than 24 
inches (610 mm) deep shall provide a clear opening of 36 inches (915 
mm) minimum. There shall be no projections into the required clear 
opening width lower than 34 inches (865 mm) above the finish floor 
or ground. Projections into the clear opening width between 34 
inches (865 mm) and 80 inches (2030 mm) above the finish floor or 
ground shall not exceed 4 inches (100 mm).
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In alterations, a projection of \5/8\ inch (16 
mm) maximum into the required clear width shall be permitted for the 
latch side stop.
    2. Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 
inches (1980 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.
    404.2.4 Maneuvering Clearances. Minimum maneuvering clearances 
at doors and gates shall comply with 404.2.4. Maneuvering clearances 
shall extend the full width of the doorway and the required latch 
side or hinge side clearance.
    EXCEPTION: Entry doors to hospital patient rooms shall not be 
required to provide the clearance beyond the latch side of the door.
    404.2.4.1 Swinging Doors and Gates. Swinging doors and gates 
shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 404.2.4.1.

                   Table 404.2.4.1--Maneuvering Clearances at Manual Swinging Doors and Gates
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Type of use                                     Minimum maneuvering clearance
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Perpendicular to    Parallel to doorway (beyond latch
        Approach direction           Door or gate side          doorway                side unless noted)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
From front.......................  Pull................  60 inches (1525 mm).  18 inches (455 mm).
From front.......................  Push................  48 inches (1220 mm).  0 inches (0 mm).\1\
From hinge side..................  Pull................  60 inches (1525 mm).  36 inches (915 mm).
From hinge side..................  Pull................  54 inches (1370 mm).  42 inches (1065 mm).
From hinge side..................  Push................  42 inches (1065 mm)   22 inches (560 mm).\3\
                                                          \2\.
From latch side..................  Pull................  48 inches (1220 mm)   24 inches (610 mm).
                                                          \4\.
From latch side..................  Push................  42 inches (1065 mm)   24 inches (610 mm).
                                                          \4\.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Add 12 inches (305 mm) if closer and latch are provided.
\2\ Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer and latch are provided.
\3\ Beyond hinge side.
\4\ Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer is provided.

    404.2.4.2 Doorways without Doors or Gates, Sliding Doors, and 
Folding Doors. Doorways less than 36 inches (915 mm) wide without 
doors or gates, sliding doors, or folding doors shall have 
maneuvering clearances complying with Table 404.2.4.2.

  Table 404.2.4.2--Maneuvering Clearances at Doorways Without Doors or Gates, Manual Sliding Doors, and Manual
                                                  Folding Doors
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Minimum maneuvering clearance
                                        ------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Approach direction                                             Parallel to doorway (beyond stop/latch
                                             Perpendicular to doorway               side unless noted)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
From Front.............................  48 inches (1220 mm)............  0 inches (0 mm).
From side \1\..........................  42 inches (1065 mm)............  0 inches (0 mm).
From pocket/hinge side.................  42 inches (1065 mm)............  22 inches (560 mm).\2\
From stop/latch side...................  42 inches (1065 mm)............  24 inches (610 mm).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Doorway with no door only.
\2\ Beyond pocket/hinge side.

    404.2.4.3 Recessed Doors and Gates. Maneuvering clearances for 
forward approach shall be provided when any obstruction within 18 
inches (455 mm) of the latch side of a doorway projects more than 8 
inches (205 mm) beyond the face of the door, measured perpendicular 
to the face of the door or gate.
    404.2.4.4 Floor or Ground Surface. Floor or ground surface 
within required maneuvering clearances shall comply with 302. 
Changes in level are not permitted.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.

[[Page 59529]]

    2. Changes in level at thresholds complying with 404.2.5 shall 
be permitted.
    404.2.5 Thresholds. Thresholds, if provided at doorways, shall 
be \1/2\ inch (13 mm) high maximum. Raised thresholds and changes in 
level at doorways shall comply with 302 and 303.
    EXCEPTION: Existing or altered thresholds \3/4\ inch (19 mm) 
high maximum that have a beveled edge on each side with a slope not 
steeper than 1:2 shall not be required to comply with 404.2.5.
    404.2.6 Doors in Series and Gates in Series. The distance 
between two hinged or pivoted doors in series and gates in series 
shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum plus the width of doors or 
gates swinging into the space.
    404.2.7 Door and Gate Hardware. Handles, pulls, latches, locks, 
and other operable parts on doors and gates shall comply with 309.4. 
Operable parts of such hardware shall be 34 inches (865 mm) minimum 
and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. 
Where sliding doors are in the fully open position, operating 
hardware shall be exposed and usable from both sides.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Existing locks shall be permitted in any location 
at existing glazed doors without stiles, existing overhead rolling 
doors or grilles, and similar existing doors or grilles that are 
designed with locks that are activated only at the top or bottom 
rail.
    2. Access gates in barrier walls and fences protecting pools, 
spas, and hot tubs shall be permitted to have operable parts of the 
release of latch on self-latching devices at 54 inches (1370 mm) 
maximum above the finish floor or ground provided the self-latching 
devices are not also self-locking devices and operated by means of a 
key, electronic opener, or integral combination lock.
    404.2.8 Closing Speed. Door and gate closing speed shall comply 
with 404.2.8.
    404.2.8.1 Door Closers and Gate Closers. Door closers and gate 
closers shall be adjusted so that from an open position of 90 
degrees, the time required to move the door to a position of 12 
degrees from the latch is 5 seconds minimum.
    404.2.8.2 Spring Hinges. Door and gate spring hinges shall be 
adjusted so that from the open position of 70 degrees, the door or 
gate shall move to the closed position in 1.5 seconds minimum.
    404.2.9 Door and Gate Opening Force. Fire doors shall have a 
minimum opening force allowable by the appropriate administrative 
authority. The force for pushing or pulling open a door or gate 
other than fire doors shall be as follows:
    1. Interior hinged doors and gates: 5 pounds (22.2 N) maximum.
    2. Sliding or folding doors: 5 pounds (22.2 N) maximum.
    These forces do not apply to the force required to retract latch 
bolts or disengage other devices that hold the door or gate in a 
closed position.
    404.2.10 Door and Gate Surfaces. Swinging door and gate surfaces 
within 10 inches (255 mm) of the finish floor or ground measured 
vertically shall have a smooth surface on the push side extending 
the full width of the door or gate. Parts creating horizontal or 
vertical joints in these surfaces shall be within \1/16\ inch (1.6 
mm) of the same plane as the other. Cavities created by added kick 
plates shall be capped.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Sliding doors shall not be required to comply 
with 404.2.10.
    2. Tempered glass doors without stiles and having a bottom rail 
or shoe with the top leading edge tapered at 60 degrees minimum from 
the horizontal shall not be required to meet the 10 inch (255 mm) 
bottom smooth surface height requirement.
    3. Doors and gates that do not extend to within 10 inches (255 
mm) of the finish floor or ground shall not be required to comply 
with 404.2.10.
    4. Existing doors and gates without smooth surfaces within 10 
inches (255 mm) of the finish floor or ground shall not be required 
to provide smooth surfaces complying with 404.2.10 provided that if 
added kick plates are installed, cavities created by such kick 
plates are capped.
    404.2.11 Vision Lights. Doors, gates, and side lights adjacent 
to doors or gates, containing one or more glazing panels that permit 
viewing through the panels shall have the bottom of at least one 
glazed panel located 43 inches (1090 mm) maximum above the finish 
floor.
    EXCEPTION: Vision lights with the lowest part more than 66 
inches (1675 mm) from the finish floor or ground shall not be 
required to comply with 404.2.11.
    404.3 Automatic and Power-Assisted Doors and Gates. Automatic 
doors and automatic gates shall comply with 404.3. Full-powered 
automatic doors shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.10 (incorporated by 
reference, see Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1). Low-energy and 
power-assisted doors shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.19 (1997 or 
2002 edition) (incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced 
Standards'' in Chapter 1).
    404.3.1 Clear Width. Doorways shall provide a clear opening of 
32 inches (815 mm) minimum in power-on and power-off mode. The 
minimum clear width for automatic door systems in a doorway shall be 
based on the clear opening provided by all leaves in the open 
position.
    404.3.2 Maneuvering Clearance. Clearances at power-assisted 
doors and gates shall comply with 404.2.4. Clearances at automatic 
doors and gates without standby power and serving an accessible 
means of egress shall comply with 404.2.4.
    EXCEPTION: Where automatic doors and gates remain open in the 
power-off condition, compliance with 404.2.4 shall not be required.
    404.3.3 Thresholds. Thresholds and changes in level at doorways 
shall comply with 404.2.5.
    404.3.4 Doors in Series and Gates in Series. Doors in series and 
gates in series shall comply with 404.2.6.
    404.3.5 Controls. Manually operated controls shall comply with 
309. The clear floor space adjacent to the control shall be located 
beyond the arc of the door swing.
    404.3.6 Break Out Opening. Where doors and gates without standby 
power are a part of a means of egress, the clear break out opening 
at swinging or sliding doors and gates shall be 32 inches (815 mm) 
minimum when operated in emergency mode.
    EXCEPTION: Where manual swinging doors and gates comply with 
404.2 and serve the same means of egress compliance with 404.3.6 
shall not be required.
    404.3.7 Revolving Doors, Revolving Gates, and Turnstiles. 
Revolving doors, revolving gates, and turnstiles shall not be part 
of an 405 Ramps
    405.1 General. Ramps on accessible routes shall comply with 405.
    EXCEPTION: In assembly areas, aisle ramps adjacent to seating 
and not serving elements required to be on an accessible route shall 
not be required to comply with 405.
    405.2 Slope. Ramp runs shall have a running slope not steeper 
than 1:12.
    EXCEPTION: In existing sites, buildings, and facilities, ramps 
shall be permitted to have running slopes steeper than 1:12 
complying with Table 405.2 where such slopes are necessary due to 
space limitations.

 Table 405.2--Maximum Ramp Slope and Rise for Existing Sites, Buildings,
                             and Facilities
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Slope \1\                          Maximum rise
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Steeper than 1:10 but not steeper than 1:8  3 inches (75 mm).
Steeper than 1:12 but not steeper than      6 inches (150 mm).
 1:10.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ A slope steeper than 1:8 is prohibited.

    405.3 Cross Slope. Cross slope of ramp runs shall not be steeper 
than 1:48.
    405.4 Floor or Ground Surfaces. Floor or ground surfaces of ramp 
runs shall comply with 302. Changes in level other than the running 
slope and cross slope are not permitted on ramp runs.
    405.5 Clear Width. The clear width of a ramp run and, where 
handrails are provided, the clear width between handrails shall be 
36 inches (915 mm) minimum.
    EXCEPTION: Within employee work areas, the required clear width 
of ramps that are a part of common use circulation paths shall be 
permitted to be decreased by work area equipment provided that the 
decrease is essential to the function of the work being performed.
    405.6 Rise. The rise for any ramp run shall be 30 inches (760 
mm) maximum.
    405.7 Landings. Ramps shall have landings at the top and the 
bottom of each ramp run. Landings shall comply with 405.7.
    405.7.1 Slope. Landings shall comply with 302. Changes in level 
are not permitted.
    EXCEPTION: Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
    405.7.2 Width. The landing clear width shall be at least as wide 
as the widest ramp run leading to the landing.
    405.7.3 Length. The landing clear length shall be 60 inches 
(1525 mm) long minimum.
    405.7.4 Change in Direction. Ramps that change direction between 
runs at landings shall have a clear landing 60 inches (1525

[[Page 59530]]

mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.
    405.7.5 Doorways. Where doorways are located adjacent to a ramp 
landing, maneuvering clearances required by 404.2.4 and 404.3.2 
shall be permitted to overlap the required landing area.
    405.8 Handrails. Ramp runs with a rise greater than 6 inches 
(150 mm) shall have handrails complying with 505.
    EXCEPTION: Within employee work areas, handrails shall not be 
required where ramps that are part of common use circulation paths 
are designed to permit the installation of handrails complying with 
505. Ramps not subject to the exception to 405.5 shall be designed 
to maintain a 36 inch (915 mm) minimum clear width when handrails 
are installed.
    405.9 Edge Protection. Edge protection complying with 405.9.1 or 
405.9.2 shall be provided on each side of ramp runs and at each side 
of ramp landings.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Edge protection shall not be required on ramps 
that are not required to have handrails and have sides complying 
with 406.3.
    2. Edge protection shall not be required on the sides of ramp 
landings serving an adjoining ramp run or stairway.
    3. Edge protection shall not be required on the sides of ramp 
landings having a vertical drop-off of \1/2\ inch (13 mm) maximum 
within 10 inches (255 mm) horizontally of the minimum landing area 
specified in 405.7.
    405.9.1 Extended Floor or Ground Surface. The floor or ground 
surface of the ramp run or landing shall extend 12 inches (305 mm) 
minimum beyond the inside face of a handrail complying with 505.
    405.9.2 Curb or Barrier. A curb or barrier shall be provided 
that prevents the passage of a 4 inch (100 mm) diameter sphere, 
where any portion of the sphere is within 4 inches (100 mm) of the 
finish floor or ground surface.
    405.10 Wet Conditions. Landings subject to wet conditions shall 
be designed to prevent the accumulation of water.

406 Curb Ramps

    406.1 General. Curb ramps accessible routes shall comply with 
406, 405.2 through 405.5, and 405.10.
    406.2 Counter Slope. Counter slopes of adjoining gutters and 
road surfaces immediately adjacent to the curb ramp shall not be 
steeper than 1:20. The adjacent surfaces at transitions at curb 
ramps to walks, gutters, and streets shall be at the same level.
    406.3 Sides of Curb Ramps. Where provided, curb ramp flares 
shall not be steeper than 1:10.
    406.4 Landings. Landings shall be provided at the tops of curb 
ramps. The landing clear length shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum. 
The landing clear width shall be at least as wide as the curb ramp, 
excluding flared sides, leading to the landing.
    EXCEPTION: In alterations, where there is no landing at the top 
of curb ramps, curb ramp flares shall be provided and shall not be 
steeper than 1:12.
    406.5 Location. Curb ramps and the flared sides of curb ramps 
shall be located so that they do not project into vehicular traffic 
lanes, parking spaces, or parking access aisles. Curb ramps at 
marked crossings shall be wholly contained within the markings, 
excluding any flared sides.
    406.6 Diagonal Curb Ramps. Diagonal or corner type curb ramps 
with returned curbs or other well-defined edges shall have the edges 
parallel to the direction of pedestrian flow. The bottom of diagonal 
curb ramps shall have a clear space 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum 
outside active traffic lanes of the roadway. Diagonal curb ramps 
provided at marked crossings shall provide the 48 inches (1220 mm) 
minimum clear space within the markings. Diagonal curb ramps with 
flared sides shall have a segment of curb 24 inches (610 mm) long 
minimum located on each side of the curb ramp and within the marked 
crossing.
    406.7 Islands. Raised islands in crossings shall be cut through 
level with the street or have curb ramps at both sides. Each curb 
ramp shall have a level area 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum by 36 
inches (915 mm) wide minimum at the top of the curb ramp in the part 
of the island intersected by the crossings. Each 48 inch (1220 mm) 
minimum by 36 inch (915 mm) minimum area shall be oriented so that 
the 48 inch (1220 mm) minimum length is in the direction of the 
running slope of the curb ramp it serves. The 48 inch (1220 mm) 
minimum by 36 inch (915 mm) minimum areas and the accessible route 
shall be permitted to overlap.

407 Elevators

    407.1 General. Elevators shall comply with 407 and with ASME 
A17.1 (incorporated by reference, see Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1). They shall be passenger elevators as classified by ASME 
A17.1. Elevator operation shall be automatic.
    407.2 Elevator Landing Requirements. Elevator landings shall 
comply with 407.2.
    407.2.1 Call Controls. Where elevator call buttons or keypads 
are provided, they shall comply with 407.2.1 and 309.4. Call buttons 
shall be raised or flush.
    EXCEPTION: Existing elevators shall be permitted to have 
recessed call buttons.
    407.2.1.1 Height. Call buttons and keypads shall be located 
within one of the reach ranges specified in 308, measured to the 
centerline of the highest operable part.
    EXCEPTION: Existing call buttons and existing keypads shall be 
permitted to be located at 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum above the 
finish floor, measured to the centerline of the highest operable 
part.
    407.2.1.2 Size. Call buttons shall be \3/4\ inch (19 mm) minimum 
in the smallest dimension.
    EXCEPTION: Existing elevator call buttons shall not be required 
to comply with 407.2.1.2.
    407.2.1.3 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground 
space complying with 305 shall be provided at call controls.
    407.2.1.4 Location. The call button that designates the up 
direction shall be located above the call button that designates the 
down direction.
    EXCEPTION: Destination-oriented elevators shall not be required 
to comply with 407.2.1.4.
    407.2.1.5 Signals. Call buttons shall have visible signals to 
indicate when each call is registered and when each call is 
answered.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Destination-oriented elevators shall not be 
required to comply with 407.2.1.5 provided that visible and audible 
signals complying with 407.2.2 indicating which elevator car to 
enter are provided.
    2. Existing elevators shall not be required to comply with 
407.2.1.5.
    407.2.1.6 Keypads. Where keypads are provided, keypads shall be 
in a standard telephone keypad arrangement and shall comply with 
407.4.7.2.
    407.2.2 Hall Signals. Hall signals, including in-car signals, 
shall comply with 407.2.2.
    407.2.2.1 Visible and Audible Signals. A visible and audible 
signal shall be provided at each hoist-way entrance to indicate 
which car is answering a call and the car's direction of travel. 
Where in-car signals are provided, they shall be visible from the 
floor area adjacent to the hall call buttons.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Visible and audible signals shall not be required 
at each destination-oriented elevator where a visible and audible 
signal complying with 407.2.2 is provided indicating the elevator 
car designation information.
    2. In existing elevators, a signal indicating the direction of 
car travel shall not be required.
    407.2.2.2 Visible Signals. Visible signal fixtures shall be 
centered at 72 inches (1830 mm) minimum above the finish floor or 
ground. The visible signal elements shall be 2\1/2\ inches (64 mm) 
minimum measured along the vertical centerline of the element. 
Signals shall be visible from the floor area adjacent to the hall 
call button.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Destination-oriented elevators shall be permitted 
to have signals visible from the floor area adjacent to the hoist-
way entrance.
    2. Existing elevators shall not be required to comply with 
407.2.2.2.
    407.2.2.3 Audible Signals. Audible signals shall sound once for 
the up direction and twice for the down direction, or shall have 
verbal annunciators that indicate the direction of elevator car 
travel. Audible signals shall have a frequency of 1500 Hz maximum. 
Verbal annunciators shall have a frequency of 300 Hz minimum and 
3000 Hz maximum. The audible signal and verbal annunciator shall be 
10 dB minimum above ambient, but shall not exceed 80 dB, measured at 
the hall call button.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Destination-oriented elevators shall not be 
required to comply with 407.2.2.3 provided that the audible tone and 
verbal announcement is the same as those given at the call button or 
call button keypad.
    2. Existing elevators shall not be required to comply with the 
requirements for frequency and dB range of audible signals.
    407.2.2.4 Differentiation. Each destination-oriented elevator in 
a bank of elevators shall have audible and visible means for 
differentiation.
    407.2.3 Hoist-way Signs. Signs at elevator hoist-ways shall 
comply with 407.2.3.
    407.2.3.1 Floor Designation. Floor designations complying with 
703.2 and

[[Page 59531]]

703.4.1 shall be provided on both jambs of elevator hoist-way 
entrances. Floor designations shall be provided in both tactile 
characters and braille. Tactile characters shall be 2 inches (51 mm) 
high minimum. A tactile star shall be provided on both jambs at the 
main entry level.
    407.2.3.2 Car Designations. Destination-oriented elevators shall 
provide tactile car identification complying with 703.2 on both 
jambs of the hoist-way immediately below the floor designation. Car 
designations shall be provided in both tactile characters and 
braille. Tactile characters shall be 2 inches (51 mm) high minimum.
    407.3 Elevator Door Requirements. Hoist-way and car doors shall 
comply with 407.3.
    407.3.1 Type. Elevator doors shall be the horizontal sliding 
type. Car gates shall be prohibited.
    407.3.2 Operation. Elevator hoist-way and car doors shall open 
and close automatically.
    EXCEPTION: Existing manually operated hoist-way swing doors 
shall be permitted provided that they comply with 404.2.3 and 
404.2.9. Car door closing shall not be initiated until the hoist-way 
door is closed.
    407.3.3 Reopening Device. Elevator doors shall be provided with 
a reopening device complying with 407.3.3 that shall stop and reopen 
a car door and hoist-way door automatically if the door becomes 
obstructed by an object or person.
    EXCEPTION: Existing elevators with manually operated doors shall 
not be required to comply with 407.3.3.
    407.3.3.1 Height. The device shall be activated by sensing an 
obstruction passing through the opening at 5 inches (125 mm) nominal 
and 29 inches (735 mm) nominal above the finish floor.
    407.3.3.2 Contact. The device shall not require physical contact 
to be activated, although contact is permitted to occur before the 
door reverses.
    407.3.3.3 Duration. Door reopening devices shall remain 
effective for 20 seconds minimum.
    407.3.4 Door and Signal Timing. The minimum acceptable time from 
notification that a car is answering a call or notification of the 
car assigned at the means for the entry of destination information 
until the doors of that car start to close shall be calculated from 
the following equation:
    T = D/(1.5 ft/s) or T = D/(455 mm/s) = 5 seconds minimum where T 
equals the total time in seconds and D equals the distance (in feet 
or millimeters) from the point in the lobby or corridor 60 inches 
(1525 mm) directly in front of the farthest call button controlling 
that car to the centerline of its hoist-way door.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. For cars with in-car lanterns, T shall be 
permitted to begin when the signal is visible from the point 60 
inches (1525 mm) directly in front of the farthest hall call button 
and the audible signal is sounded.
    2. Destination-oriented elevators shall not be required to 
comply with 407.3.4.
    407.3.5 Door Delay. Elevator doors shall remain fully open in 
response to a car call for 3 seconds minimum.
    407.3.6 Width. The width of elevator doors shall comply with 
Table 407.4.1.
    EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, a power-operated car door 
complying with 404.2.3 shall be permitted.
    407.4 Elevator Car Requirements. Elevator cars shall comply with 
407.4.
    407.4.1 Car Dimensions. Inside dimensions of elevator cars and 
clear width of elevator doors shall comply with Table 407.4.1.
    EXCEPTION: Existing elevator car configurations that provide a 
clear floor area of 16 square feet (1.5 m2) minimum and also provide 
an inside clear depth 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum and a clear width 
36 inches (915 mm) minimum shall be permitted.

                                     Table 407.4.1--Elevator Car Dimensions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Minimum dimensions
                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Door location                                                    Inside car, back    Inside car, back
                                   Door clear width    Inside car, side      wall to front      wall to inside
                                                            to side             return           face of door
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Centered........................  42 inches (1065     80 inches (2030     51 inches (1295     54 inches (1370
                                   mm).                mm).                mm).                mm).
Side (off-centered).............  36 inches (915 mm)  68 inches (1725     51 inches (1295     54 inches (1370
                                   \1\.                mm).                mm).                mm).
Any.............................  36 inches (915      54 inches (1370     80 inches (2030     80 inches (2030
                                   mm)\1\.             mm).                mm).                mm).
Any.............................  36 inches (915 mm)  60 inches (1525     60 inches (1525     60 inches (1525
                                   \1\.                mm) \2\.            mm) \2\.            mm).\2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ A tolerance of minus 5/8 inch (16 mm) is permitted.
\2\ Other car configurations that provide a turning space complying with 304 with the door closed shall be
  permitted.

    407.4.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces in elevator cars shall 
comply with 302 and 303.
    407.4.3 Platform to Hoist-way Clearance. The clearance between 
the car platform sill and the edge of any hoist-way landing shall be 
1\1/4\ inch (32 mm) maximum.
    407.4.4 Leveling. Each car shall be equipped with a self-
leveling feature that will automatically bring and maintain the car 
at floor landings within a tolerance of \1/2\ inch (13 mm) under 
rated loading to zero loading conditions.
    407.4.5 Illumination. The level of illumination at the car 
controls, platform, car threshold and car landing sill shall be 5 
foot candles (54 lux) minimum.
    407.4.6 Elevator Car Controls. Where provided, elevator car 
controls shall comply with 407.4.6 and 309.4.
    EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, where a new car operating 
panel complying with 407.4.6 is provided, existing car operating 
panels shall not be required to comply with 407.4.6.
    407.4.6.1 Location. Controls shall be located within one of the 
reach ranges specified in 308.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where the elevator panel serves more than 16 
openings and a parallel approach is provided, buttons with floor 
designations shall be permitted to be 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum 
above the finish floor.
    2. In existing elevators, car control buttons with floor 
designations shall be permitted to be located 54 inches (1370 mm) 
maximum above the finish floor where a parallel approach is 
provided.
    407.4.6.2 Buttons. Car control buttons with floor designations 
shall comply with 407.4.6.2 and shall be raised or flush.
    EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, buttons shall be permitted to 
be recessed.
    407.4.6.2.1 Size. Buttons shall be \3/4\ inch (19 mm) minimum in 
their smallest dimension.
    407.4.6.2.2 Arrangement. Buttons shall be arranged with numbers 
in ascending order. When two or more columns of buttons are provided 
they shall read from left to right.
    407.4.6.3 Keypads. Car control keypads shall be in a standard 
telephone keypad arrangement and shall comply with 407.4.7.2.
    407.4.6.4 Emergency Controls. Emergency controls shall comply 
with 407.4.6.4.
    407.4.6.4.1 Height. Emergency control buttons shall have their 
centerlines 35 inches (890 mm) minimum above the finish floor.
    407.4.6.4.2 Location. Emergency controls, including the 
emergency alarm, shall be grouped at the bottom of the panel.
    407.4.7 Designations and Indicators of Car Controls. 
Designations and indicators of car controls shall comply with 
407.4.7.
    EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, where a new car operating 
panel complying with 407.4.7 is provided, existing car operating 
panels shall not be required to comply with 407.4.7.
    407.4.7.1 Buttons. Car control buttons shall comply with 
407.4.7.1.
    407.4.7.1.1 Type. Control buttons shall be identified by tactile 
characters complying with 703.2.
    407.4.7.1.2 Location. Raised character and braille designations 
shall be placed immediately to the left of the control button to 
which the designations apply.
    EXCEPTION: Where space on an existing car operating panel 
precludes tactile markings to the left of the controls, markings 
shall be placed as near to the control as possible.

[[Page 59532]]

    407.4.7.1.3 Symbols. The control button for the emergency stop, 
alarm, door open, door close, main entry door, and phone shall be 
identified with tactile symbols as shown in Figure 407.4.7.3 at the 
end of this document.
    407.4.7.1.4 Visible Indicators. Buttons with floor designations 
shall be provided with visible indicators to show that a call has 
been registered. The visible indication shall extinguish when the 
car arrives at the designated floor.
    407.4.7.2 Keypads. Keypads shall be identified by characters 
complying with 703.5 and shall be centered on the corresponding 
keypad button. The number five key shall have a single raised dot. 
The dot shall be 0.118 inch (3 mm) to 0.120 inch (3.05 mm) base 
diameter and in other aspects comply with Table 703.3.1.
    407.4.8 Car Position Indicators. Audible and visible car 
position indicators shall be provided in elevator cars.
    407.4.8.1 Visible Indicators. Visible indicators shall comply 
with 407.4.8.1.
    407.4.8.1.1 Size. Characters shall be \1/2\ inch (13 mm) high 
minimum.
    407.4.8.1.2 Location. Indicators shall be located above the car 
control panel or above the door.
    407.4.8.1.3 Floor Arrival. As the car passes a floor and when a 
car stops at a floor served by the elevator, the corresponding 
character shall illuminate.
    EXCEPTION: Destination-oriented elevators shall not be required 
to comply with 407.4.8.1.3 provided that the visible indicators 
extinguish when the call has been answered.
    407.4.8.1.4 Destination Indicator. In destination-oriented 
elevators, a display shall be provided in the car with visible 
indicators to show car destinations.
    407.4.8.2 Audible Indicators. Audible indicators shall comply 
with 407.4.8.2.
    407.4.8.2.1 Signal Type. The signal shall be an automatic verbal 
annunciator which announces the floor at which the car is about to 
stop.
    EXCEPTION: For elevators other than destination-oriented 
elevators that have a rated speed of 200 feet per minute (1 m/s) or 
less, a non-verbal audible signal with a frequency of 1500 Hz 
maximum which sounds as the car passes or is about to stop at a 
floor served by the elevator shall be permitted.
    407.4.8.2.2 Signal Level. The verbal annunciator shall be 10 dB 
minimum above ambient, but shall not exceed 80 dB, measured at the 
annunciator.
    407.4.8.2.3 Frequency. The verbal annunciator shall have a 
frequency of 300 Hz minimum to 3000 Hz maximum.
    407.4.9 Emergency Communication. Emergency two-way communication 
systems shall comply with 308. Tactile symbols and characters shall 
be provided adjacent to the device and shall comply with 703.2.

408 Limited-Use/Limited-Application Elevators

    408.1 General. Limited-use/limited-application elevators shall 
comply with 408 and with ASME A17.1 (incorporated by reference, see 
Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1). They shall be passenger 
elevators as classified by ASME A17.1. Elevator operation shall be 
automatic.
    408.2 Elevator Landings. Landings serving limited-use/limited-
application elevators shall comply with 408.2.
    408.2.1 Call Buttons. Elevator call buttons and keypads shall 
comply with 407.2.1.
    408.2.2 Hall Signals. Hall signals shall comply with 407.2.2.
    408.2.3 Hoist-way Signs. Signs at elevator hoist-ways shall 
comply with 407.2.3.1.
    408.3 Elevator Doors. Elevator hoist-way doors shall comply with 
408.3.
    408.3.1 Sliding Doors. Sliding hoist-way and car doors shall 
comply with 407.3.1 through 407.3.3 and 408.4.1.
    408.3.2 Swinging Doors. Swinging hoist-way doors shall open and 
close automatically and shall comply with 404, 407.3.2 and 408.3.2.
    408.3.2.1 Power Operation. Swinging doors shall be power-
operated and shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.19 (1997 or 2002 
edition) (incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1).
    408.3.2.2 Duration. Power-operated swinging doors shall remain 
open for 20 seconds minimum when activated.
    408.4 Elevator Cars. Elevator cars shall comply with 408.4.
    408.4.1 Car Dimensions and Doors. Elevator cars shall provide a 
clear width 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum and a clear depth 54 inches 
(1370 mm) minimum. Car doors shall be positioned at the narrow ends 
of cars and shall provide 32 inches (815 mm) minimum clear width.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Cars that provide a clear width 51 inches (1295 
mm) minimum shall be permitted to provide a clear depth 51 inches 
(1295 mm) minimum provided that car doors provide a clear opening 36 
inches (915 mm) wide minimum.
    2. Existing elevator cars shall be permitted to provide a clear 
width 36 inches (915 mm) minimum, clear depth 54 inches (1370 mm) 
minimum, and a net clear platform area 15 square feet (1.4 
m2) minimum.
    408.4.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces in elevator cars shall 
comply with 302 and 303.
    408.4.3 Platform to Hoist-way Clearance. The platform to hoist-
way clearance shall comply with 407.4.3.
    408.4.4 Leveling. Elevator car leveling shall comply with 
407.4.4.
    408.4.5 Illumination. Elevator car illumination shall comply 
with 407.4.5.
    408.4.6 Car Controls. Elevator car controls shall comply with 
407.4.6. Control panels shall be centered on a side wall.
    408.4.7 Designations and Indicators of Car Controls. 
Designations and indicators of car controls shall comply with 
407.4.7.
    408.4.8 Emergency Communications. Car emergency signaling 
devices complying with 407.4.9 shall be provided.

409 Private Residence Elevators

    409.1 General. Private residence elevators that are provided 
within a residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility 
features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall comply with 409 
and with ASME A17.1 (incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced 
Standards'' in Chapter 1). They shall be passenger elevators as 
classified by ASME A17.1. Elevator operation shall be automatic.
    409.2 Call Buttons. Call buttons shall be \3/4\ inch (19 mm) 
minimum in the smallest dimension and shall comply with 309.
    409.3 Elevator Doors. Hoist-way doors, car doors, and car gates 
shall comply with 409.3 and 404.
    EXCEPTION: Doors shall not be required to comply with the 
maneuvering clearance requirements in 404.2.4.1 for approaches to 
the push side of swinging doors.
    409.3.1 Power Operation. Elevator car and hoist-way doors and 
gates shall be power operated and shall comply with ANSI/BHMA 
A156.19 (1997 or 2002 edition) (incorporated by reference, see 
``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1). Power operated doors and 
gates shall remain open for 20 seconds minimum when activated.
    EXCEPTION: In elevator cars with more than one opening, hoist-
way doors and gates shall be permitted to be of the manual-open, 
self-close type.
    409.3.2 Location. Elevator car doors or gates shall be 
positioned at the narrow end of the clear floor spaces required by 
409.4.1.
    409.4 Elevator Cars. Private residence elevator cars shall 
comply with 409.4.
    409.4.1 Inside Dimensions of Elevator Cars. Elevator cars shall 
provide a clear floor space of 36 inches (915 mm) minimum by 48 
inches (1220 mm) minimum and shall comply with 305.
    409.4.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces in elevator cars shall 
comply with 302 and 303.
    409.4.3 Platform to Hoist-way Clearance. The clearance between 
the car platform and the edge of any landing sill shall be 1\1/2\ 
inch (38 mm) maximum.
    409.4.4 Leveling. Each car shall automatically stop at a floor 
landing within a tolerance of \1/2\ inch (13 mm) under rated loading 
to zero loading conditions.
    409.4.5 Illumination Levels. Elevator car illumination shall 
comply with 407.4.5.
    409.4.6 Car Controls. Elevator car control buttons shall comply 
with 409.4.6, 309.3, 309.4, and shall be raised or flush.
    409.4.6.1 Size. Control buttons shall be \3/4\ inch (19 mm) 
minimum in their smallest dimension.
    409.4.6.2 Location. Control panels shall be on a side wall, 12 
inches (305 mm) minimum from any adjacent wall.
    409.4.7 Emergency Communications. Emergency two-way 
communication systems shall comply with 409.4.7.
    409.4.7.1 Type. A telephone and emergency signal device shall be 
provided in the car.
    409.4.7.2 Operable Parts. The telephone and emergency signaling 
device shall comply with 309.3 and 309.4.
    409.4.7.3 Compartment. If the telephone or device is in a closed 
compartment, the compartment door hardware shall comply with 309.
    409.4.7.4 Cord. The telephone cord shall be 29 inches (735 mm) 
long minimum.

410 Platform Lifts

    410.1 General. Platform lifts shall comply with ASME A18.1 (1999 
edition or 2003 edition) (incorporated by reference, see Referenced 
Standards'' in Chapter 1).

[[Page 59533]]

Platform lifts shall not be attendant operated and shall provide 
unassisted entry and exit from the lift.
    410.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces in platform lifts shall 
comply with 302 and 303.
    410.3 Clear Floor Space. Clear floor space in platform lifts 
shall comply with 305.
    410.4 Platform to Runway Clearance. The clearance between the 
platform sill and the edge of any runway landing shall be 1\1/4\ 
inch (32 mm) maximum.
    410.5 Operable Parts. Controls for platform lifts shall comply 
with 309.
    410.6 Doors and Gates. Platform lifts shall have low-energy 
power operated doors or gates complying with 404.3. Doors shall 
remain open for 20 seconds minimum. End doors and gates shall 
provide a clear width 32 inches (815 mm) minimum. Side doors and 
gates shall provide a clear width 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum.
    EXCEPTION: Platform lifts serving two landings maximum and 
having doors or gates on opposite sides shall be permitted to have 
self-closing manual doors or gates.

Chapter 5: General Site and Building Elements

501 General

    501.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 5 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

502 Parking Spaces

    502.1 General. Car and van parking spaces shall comply with 502. 
Where parking spaces are marked with lines, width measurements of 
parking spaces and access aisles shall be made from the centerline 
of the markings.
    EXCEPTION: Where parking spaces or access aisles are not 
adjacent to another parking space or access aisle, measurements 
shall be permitted to include the full width of the line defining 
the parking space or access aisle.
    502.2 Vehicle Spaces. Car parking spaces shall be 96 inches 
(2440 mm) wide minimum and van parking spaces shall be 132 inches 
(3350 mm) wide minimum, shall be marked to define the width, and 
shall have an adjacent access aisle complying with 502.3.
    EXCEPTION: Van parking spaces shall be permitted to be 96 inches 
(2440 mm) wide minimum where the access aisle is 96 inches (2440 mm) 
wide minimum.
    502.3 Access Aisle. Access aisles serving parking spaces shall 
comply with 502.3. Access aisles shall adjoin an accessible route. 
Two parking spaces shall be permitted to share a common access 
aisle.
    502.3.1 Width. Access aisles serving car and van parking spaces 
shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum.
    502.3.2 Length. Access aisles shall extend the full length of 
the parking spaces they serve.
    502.3.3 Marking. Access aisles shall be marked so as to 
discourage parking in them.
    502.3.4 Location. Access aisles shall not overlap the vehicular 
way. Access aisles shall be permitted to be placed on either side of 
the parking space except for angled van parking spaces which shall 
have access aisles located on the passenger side of the parking 
spaces.
    502.4 Floor or Ground Surfaces. Parking spaces and access aisles 
serving them shall comply with 302. Access aisles shall be at the 
same level as the parking spaces they serve. Changes in level are 
not permitted.
    EXCEPTION: Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
    502.5 Vertical Clearance. Parking spaces for vans and access 
aisles and vehicular routes serving them shall provide a vertical 
clearance of 98 inches (2490 mm) minimum.
    502.6 Identification. Parking space identification signs shall 
include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 
703.7.2.1. Signs identifying van parking spaces shall contain the 
designation ``van accessible.'' Signs shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) 
minimum above the finish floor or ground surface measured to the 
bottom of the sign.
    502.7 Relationship to Accessible Routes. Parking spaces and 
access aisles shall be designed so that cars and vans, when parked, 
cannot obstruct the required clear width of adjacent accessible 
routes.

503 Passenger Loading Zones

    503.1 General. Passenger loading zones shall comply with 503.
    503.2 Vehicle Pull-Up Space. Passenger loading zones shall 
provide a vehicular pull-up space 96 inches (2440 mm) wide minimum 
and 20 feet (6100 mm) long minimum.
    503.3 Access Aisle. Passenger loading zones shall provide access 
aisles complying with 503 adjacent to the vehicle pull-up space. 
Access aisles shall adjoin an accessible route and shall not overlap 
the vehicular way.
    503.3.1 Width. Access aisles serving vehicle pull-up spaces 
shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum.
    503.3.2 Length. Access aisles shall extend the full length of 
the vehicle pull-up spaces they serve.
    503.3.3 Marking. Access aisles shall be marked so as to 
discourage parking in them.
    503.4 Floor and Ground Surfaces. Vehicle pull-up spaces and 
access aisles serving them shall comply with 302. Access aisles 
shall be at the same level as the vehicle pull-up space they serve. 
Changes in level are not permitted.
    EXCEPTION: Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
    503.5 Vertical Clearance. Vehicle pull-up spaces, access aisles 
serving them, and a vehicular route from an entrance to the 
passenger loading zone, and from the passenger loading zone to a 
vehicular exit shall provide a vertical clearance of 114 inches 
(2895 mm) minimum.

504 Stairways

    504.1 General. Stairs shall comply with 504.
    504.2 Treads and Risers. All steps on a flight of stairs shall 
have uniform riser heights and uniform tread depths. Risers shall be 
4 inches (100 mm) high minimum and 7 inches (180 mm) high maximum. 
Treads shall be 11 inches (280 mm) deep minimum.
    504.3 Open Risers. Open risers are not permitted.
    504.4 Tread Surface. Stair treads shall comply with 302. Changes 
in level are not permitted.
    EXCEPTION: Treads shall be permitted to have a slope not steeper 
than 1:48.
    504.5 Nosings. The radius of curvature at the leading edge of 
the tread shall be \1/2\ inch (13 mm) maximum. Nosings that project 
beyond risers shall have the underside of the leading edge curved or 
beveled. Risers shall be permitted to slope under the tread at an 
angle of 30 degrees maximum from vertical. The permitted projection 
of the nosing shall extend 1\1/2\ inches (38 mm) maximum over the 
tread below.
    504.6 Handrails. Stairs shall have handrails complying with 505.
    504.7 Wet Conditions. Stair treads and landings subject to wet 
conditions shall be designed to prevent the accumulation of water.

505 Handrails

    505.1 General. Handrails provided along walking surfaces 
complying with 403, required at ramps complying with 405, and 
required at stairs complying with 504 shall comply with 505.
    505.2 Where Required. Handrails shall be provided on both sides 
of stairs and ramps.
    EXCEPTION: In assembly areas, handrails shall not be required on 
both sides of aisle ramps where a handrail is provided at either 
side or within the aisle width.
    505.3 Continuity. Handrails shall be continuous within the full 
length of each stair flight or ramp run. Inside handrails on 
switchback or dogleg stairs and ramps shall be continuous between 
flights or runs.
    EXCEPTION: In assembly areas, handrails on ramps shall not be 
required to be continuous in aisles serving seating.
    505.4 Height. Top of gripping surfaces of handrails shall be 34 
inches (865 mm) minimum and 38 inches (965 mm) maximum vertically 
above walking surfaces, stair nosings, and ramp surfaces. Handrails 
shall be at a consistent height above walking surfaces, stair 
nosings, and ramp surfaces.
    505.5 Clearance. Clearance between handrail gripping surfaces 
and adjacent surfaces shall be 1\1/2\ inches (38 mm) minimum.
    505.6 Gripping Surface. Handrail gripping surfaces shall be 
continuous along their length and shall not be obstructed along 
their tops or sides. The bottoms of handrail gripping surfaces shall 
not be obstructed for more than 20 percent of their length. Where 
provided, horizontal projections shall occur 1\1/2\ inches (38 mm) 
minimum below the bottom of the handrail gripping surface.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where handrails are provided along walking 
surfaces with slopes not steeper than 1:20, the bottoms of handrail 
gripping surfaces shall be permitted to be obstructed along their 
entire length where they are integral to crash rails or bumper 
guards.
    2. The distance between horizontal projections and the bottom of 
the gripping surface shall be permitted to be reduced by 1/8 inch 
(3.2 mm) for each \1/2\ inch (13 mm) of additional handrail 
perimeter dimension that exceeds 4 inches (100 mm).

[[Page 59534]]

    505.7 Cross Section. Handrail gripping surfaces shall have a 
cross section complying with 505.7.1 or 505.7.2.
    505.7.1 Circular Cross Section. Handrail gripping surfaces with 
a circular cross section shall have an outside diameter of 1\1/4\ 
inches (32 mm) minimum and 2 inches (51 mm) maximum.
    505.7.2 Non-Circular Cross Sections. Handrail gripping surfaces 
with a noncircular cross section shall have a perimeter dimension of 
4 inches (100 mm) minimum and 6\1/4\ inches (160 mm) maximum, and a 
cross-section dimension of 2\1/4\ inches (57 mm) maximum.
    505.8 Surfaces. Handrail gripping surfaces and any surfaces 
adjacent to them shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements and 
shall have rounded edges.
    505.9 Fittings. Handrails shall not rotate within their 
fittings.
    505.10 Handrail Extensions. Handrail gripping surfaces shall 
extend beyond and in the same direction of stair flights and ramp 
runs in accordance with 505.10.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Extensions shall not be required for continuous 
handrails at the inside turn of switchback or dogleg stairs and 
ramps.
    2. In assembly areas, extensions shall not be required for ramp 
handrails in aisles serving seating where the handrails are 
discontinuous to provide access to seating and to permit crossovers 
within aisles.
    3. In alterations, full extensions of handrails shall not be 
required where such extensions would be hazardous due to plan 
configuration.
    505.10.1 Top and Bottom Extension at Ramps. Ramp handrails shall 
extend horizontally above the landing for 12 inches (305 mm) minimum 
beyond the top and bottom of ramp runs. Extensions shall return to a 
wall, guard, or the landing surface, or shall be continuous to the 
handrail of an adjacent ramp run.
    505.10.2 Top Extension at Stairs. At the top of a stair flight, 
handrails shall extend horizontally above the landing for 12 inches 
(305 mm) minimum beginning directly above the first riser nosing. 
Extensions shall return to a wall, guard, or the landing surface, or 
shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair flight.
    505.10.3 Bottom Extension at Stairs. At the bottom of a stair 
flight, handrails shall extend at the slope of the stair flight for 
a horizontal distance at least equal to one tread depth beyond the 
last riser nosing. Extension shall return to a wall, guard, or the 
landing surface, or shall be continuous to the handrail of an 
adjacent stair flight.

CHAPTER 6: PLUMBING ELEMENTS AND FACILITIES

601 General

    601.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 6 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

602 Drinking Fountains

    602.1 General. Drinking fountains shall comply with 307 and 602.
    602.2 Clear Floor Space. Units shall have a clear floor or 
ground space complying with 305 positioned for a forward approach 
and centered on the unit. Knee and toe clearance complying with 306 
shall be provided.
    EXCEPTION: A parallel approach complying with 305 shall be 
permitted at units for children's use where the spout is 30 inches 
(760 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground and is 3\1/2\ 
inches (90 mm) maximum from the front edge of the unit, including 
bumpers.
    602.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts shall comply with 309.
    602.4 Spout Height. Spout outlets shall be 36 inches (915 mm) 
maximum above the finish floor or ground.
    602.5 Spout Location. The spout shall be located 15 inches (380 
mm) minimum from the vertical support and 5 inches (125 mm) maximum 
from the front edge of the unit, including bumpers.
    602.6 Water Flow. The spout shall provide a flow of water 4 
inches (100 mm) high minimum and shall be located 5 inches (125 mm) 
maximum from the front of the unit. The angle of the water stream 
shall be measured horizontally relative to the front face of the 
unit. Where spouts are located less than 3 inches (75 mm) of the 
front of the unit, the angle of the water stream shall be 30 degrees 
maximum. Where spouts are located between 3 inches (75 mm) and 5 
inches (125 mm) maximum from the front of the unit, the angle of the 
water stream shall be 15 degrees maximum.
    602.7 Drinking Fountains for Standing Persons. Spout outlets of 
drinking fountains for standing persons shall be 38 inches (965 mm) 
minimum and 43 inches (1090 mm) maximum above the finish floor or 
ground.

603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms

    603.1 General. Toilet and bathing rooms shall comply with 603.
    603.2 Clearances. Clearances shall comply with 603.2.
    603.2.1 Turning Space. Turning space complying with 304 shall be 
provided within the room.
    603.2.2 Overlap. Required clear floor spaces, clearance at 
fixtures, and turning space shall be permitted to overlap.
    603.2.3 Door Swing. Doors shall not swing into the clear floor 
space or clearance required for any fixture. Doors shall be 
permitted to swing into the required turning space.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Doors to a toilet room or bathing room for a 
single occupant accessed only through a private office and not for 
common use or public use shall be permitted to swing into the clear 
floor space or clearance provided the swing of the door can be 
reversed to comply with 603.2.3.
    2. Where the toilet room or bathing room is for individual use 
and a clear floor space complying with 305.3 is provided within the 
room beyond the arc of the door swing, doors shall be permitted to 
swing into the clear floor space or clearance required for any 
fixture.
    603.3 Mirrors. Mirrors located above lavatories or countertops 
shall be installed with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 40 
inches (1015 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. Mirrors 
not located above lavatories or countertops shall be installed with 
the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 35 inches (890 mm) maximum 
above the finish floor or ground.
    603.4 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Coat hooks shall be located within 
one of the reach ranges specified in 308. Shelves shall be located 
40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above 
the finish floor.

604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments

    604.1 General. Water closets and toilet compartments shall 
comply with 604.2 through 604.8.
    EXCEPTION: Water closets and toilet compartments for children's 
use shall be permitted to comply with 604.9.
    604.2 Location. The water closet shall be positioned with a wall 
or partition to the rear and to one side. The centerline of the 
water closet shall be 16 inches (405 mm) minimum to 18 inches (455 
mm) maximum from the side wall or partition, except that the water 
closet shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) 
maximum from the side wall or partition in the ambulatory accessible 
toilet compartment specified in 604.8.2. Water closets shall be 
arranged for a left-hand or right-hand approach.
    604.3 Clearance. Clearances around water closets and in toilet 
compartments shall comply with 604.3.
    604.3.1 Size. Clearance around a water closet shall be 60 inches 
(1525 mm) minimum measured perpendicular from the side wall and 56 
inches (1420 mm) minimum measured perpendicular from the rear wall.
    604.3.2 Overlap. The required clearance around the water closet 
shall be permitted to overlap the water closet, associated grab 
bars, dispensers, sanitary napkin disposal units, coat hooks, 
shelves, accessible routes, clear floor space and clearances 
required at other fixtures, and the turning space. No other fixtures 
or obstructions shall be located within the required water closet 
clearance.
    EXCEPTION: In residential dwelling units, a lavatory complying 
with 606 shall be permitted on the rear wall 18 inches (455 mm) 
minimum from the water closet centerline where the clearance at the 
water closet is 66 inches (1675 mm) minimum measured perpendicular 
from the rear wall.
    604.4 Seats. The seat height of a water closet above the finish 
floor shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) 
maximum measured to the top of the seat. Seats shall not be sprung 
to return to a lifted position.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. A water closet in a toilet room for a single 
occupant accessed only through a private office and not for common 
use or public use shall not be required to comply with 604.4.
    2. In residential dwelling units, the height of water closets 
shall be permitted to be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 19 inches 
(485 mm) maximum above the finish floor measured to the top of the 
seat.
    604.5 Grab Bars. Grab bars for water closets shall comply with 
609. Grab bars shall be provided on the side wall closest to the 
water closet and on the rear wall.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Grab bars shall not be required to be installed 
in a toilet room for

[[Page 59535]]

a single occupant accessed only through a private office and not for 
common use or public use provided that reinforcement has been 
installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of 
grab bars complying with 604.5.
    2. In residential dwelling units, grab bars shall not be 
required to be installed in toilet or bathrooms provided that 
reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to 
permit the installation of grab bars complying with 604.5.
    3. In detention or correction facilities, grab bars shall not be 
required to be installed in housing or holding cells that are 
specially designed without protrusions for purposes of suicide 
prevention.
    604.5.1 Side Wall. The side wall grab bar shall be 42 inches 
(1065 mm) long minimum, located 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the 
rear wall and extending 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum from the rear 
wall.
    604.5.2 Rear Wall. The rear wall grab bar shall be 36 inches 
(915 mm) long minimum and extend from the centerline of the water 
closet 12 inches (305 mm) minimum on one side and 24 inches (610 mm) 
minimum on the other side.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. The rear grab bar shall be permitted to be 24 
inches (610 mm) long minimum, centered on the water closet, where 
wall space does not permit a length of 36 inches (915 mm) minimum 
due to the location of a recessed fixture adjacent to the water 
closet.
    2. Where an administrative authority requires flush controls for 
flush valves to be located in a position that conflicts with the 
location of the rear grab bar, then the rear grab bar shall be 
permitted to be split or shifted to the open side of the toilet 
area.
    604.6 Flush Controls. Flush controls shall be hand operated or 
automatic. Hand operated flush controls shall comply with 309. Flush 
controls shall be located on the open side of the water closet 
except in ambulatory accessible compartments complying with 604.8.2.
    604.7 Dispensers. Toilet paper dispensers shall comply with 
309.4 and shall be 7 inches (180 mm) minimum and 9 inches (230 mm) 
maximum in front of the water closet measured to the centerline of 
the dispenser. The outlet of the dispenser shall be 15 inches (380 
mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the finish floor 
and shall not be located behind grab bars. Dispensers shall not be 
of a type that controls delivery or that does not allow continuous 
paper flow.
    604.8 Toilet Compartments. Wheelchair accessible toilet 
compartments shall meet the requirements of 604.8.1 and 604.8.3. 
Compartments containing more than one plumbing fixture shall comply 
with 603. Ambulatory accessible compartments shall comply with 
604.8.2 and 604.8.3.
    604.8.1 Wheelchair Accessible Compartments. Wheelchair 
accessible compartments shall comply with 604.8.1.
    604.8.1.1 Size. Wheelchair accessible compartments shall be 60 
inches (1525 mm) wide minimum measured perpendicular to the side 
wall, and 56 inches (1420 mm) deep minimum for wall hung water 
closets and 59 inches (1500 mm) deep minimum for floor mounted water 
closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall. Wheelchair 
accessible compartments for children's use shall be 60 inches (1525 
mm) wide minimum measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 59 
inches (1500 mm) deep minimum for wall hung and floor mounted water 
closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall.
    604.8.1.2 Doors. Toilet compartment doors, including door 
hardware, shall comply with 404 except that if the approach is to 
the latch side of the compartment door, clearance between the door 
side of the compartment and any obstruction shall be 42 inches (1065 
mm) minimum. Doors shall be located in the front partition or in the 
side wall or partition farthest from the water closet. Where located 
in the front partition, the door opening shall be 4 inches (100 mm) 
maximum from the side wall or partition farthest from the water 
closet. Where located in the side wall or partition, the door 
opening shall be 4 inches (100 mm) maximum from the front partition. 
The door shall be self-closing. A door pull complying with 404.2.7 
shall be placed on both sides of the door near the latch. Toilet 
compartment doors shall not swing into the minimum required 
compartment area.
    604.8.1.3 Approach. Compartments shall be arranged for left-hand 
or right-hand approach to the water closet.
    604.8.1.4 Toe Clearance. The front partition and at least one 
side partition shall provide a toe clearance of 9 inches (230 mm) 
minimum above the finish floor and 6 inches (150 mm) deep minimum 
beyond the compartment-side face of the partition, exclusive of 
partition support members. Compartments for children's use shall 
provide a toe clearance of 12 inches (305 mm) minimum above the 
finish floor.
    EXCEPTION: Toe clearance at the front partition is not required 
in a compartment greater than 62 inches (1575 mm) deep with a wall-
hung water closet or 65 inches (1650 mm) deep with a floor-mounted 
water closet. Toe clearance at the side partition is not required in 
a compartment greater than 66 inches (1675 mm) wide. Toe clearance 
at the front partition is not required in a compartment for 
children's use that is greater than 65 inches (1650 mm) deep.
    604.8.1.5 Grab Bars. Grab bars shall comply with 609. A sidewall 
grab bar complying with 604.5.1 shall be provided and shall be 
located on the wall closest to the water closet. In addition, a 
rear-wall grab bar complying with 604.5.2 shall be provided.
    604.8.2 Ambulatory Accessible Compartments. Ambulatory 
accessible compartments shall comply with 604.8.2.
    604.8.2.1 Size. Ambulatory accessible compartments shall have a 
depth of 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum and a width of 35 inches (890 
mm) minimum and 37 inches (940 mm) maximum.
    604.8.2.2 Doors. Toilet compartment doors, including door 
hardware, shall comply with 404, except that if the approach is to 
the latch side of the compartment door, clearance between the door 
side of the compartment and any obstruction shall be 42 inches (1065 
mm) minimum. The door shall be self-closing. A door pull complying 
with 404.2.7 shall be placed on both sides of the door near the 
latch. Toilet compartment doors shall not swing into the minimum 
required compartment area.
    604.8.2.3 Grab Bars. Grab bars shall comply with 609. A sidewall 
grab bar complying with 604.5.1 shall be provided on both sides of 
the compartment.
    604.8.3 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Coat hooks shall be located 
within one of the reach ranges specified in 308. Shelves shall be 
located 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum 
above the finish floor.
    604.9 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments for Children's Use. 
Water closets and toilet compartments for children's use shall 
comply with 604.9.
    604.9.1 Location. The water closet shall be located with a wall 
or partition to the rear and to one side. The centerline of the 
water closet shall be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum and 18 inches (455 
mm) maximum from the side wall or partition, except that the water 
closet shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) 
maximum from the side wall or partition in the ambulatory accessible 
toilet compartment specified in 604.8.2. Compartments shall be 
arranged for left-hand or right-hand approach to the water closet.
    604.9.2 Clearance. Clearance around a water closet shall comply 
with 604.3.
    604.9.3 Height. The height of water closets shall be 11 inches 
(280 mm) minimum and 17 inches (430 mm) maximum measured to the top 
of the seat. Seats shall not be sprung to return to a lifted 
position.
    604.9.4 Grab Bars. Grab bars for water closets shall comply with 
604.5.
    604.9.5 Flush Controls. Flush controls shall be hand operated or 
automatic. Hand operated flush controls shall comply with 309.2 and 
309.4 and shall be installed 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the 
finish floor. Flush controls shall be located on the open side of 
the water closet except in ambulatory accessible compartments 
complying with 604.8.2.
    604.9.6 Dispensers. Toilet paper dispensers shall comply with 
309.4 and shall be 7 inches (180 mm) minimum and 9 inches (230 mm) 
maximum in front of the water closet measured to the centerline of 
the dispenser. The outlet of the dispenser shall be 14 inches (355 
mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the finish floor. 
There shall be a clearance of 1\1/2\ inches (38 mm) minimum below 
the grab bar. Dispensers shall not be of a type that controls 
delivery or that does not allow continuous paper flow.
    604.9.7 Toilet Compartments. Toilet compartments shall comply 
with 604.8.

605 Urinals

    605.1 General. Urinals shall comply with 605.
    605.2 Height and Depth. Urinals shall be the stall-type or the 
wall-hung type with the rim 17 inches (430 mm) maximum above the 
finish floor or ground. Urinals shall be 13\1/2\ inches (345 mm) 
deep minimum measured from the outer face of the urinal rim to the 
back of the fixture.
    605.3 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor or ground space complying 
with 305 positioned for forward approach shall be provided.

[[Page 59536]]

    605.4 Flush Controls. Flush controls shall be hand operated or 
automatic. Hand operated flush controls shall comply with 309.

606 Lavatories and Sinks

    606.1 General. Lavatories and sinks shall comply with 606.
    606.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space complying with 305, 
positioned for a forward approach, and knee and toe clearance 
complying with 306 shall be provided.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. A parallel approach complying with 305 shall be 
permitted to a kitchen sink in a space where a cook top or 
conventional range is not provided and to wet bars.
    2. A lavatory in a toilet room or bathing facility for a single 
occupant accessed only through a private office and not for common 
use or public use shall not be required to provide knee and toe 
clearance complying with 306.
    3. In residential dwelling units, cabinetry shall be permitted 
under lavatories and kitchen sinks provided that all of the 
following conditions are met:
    (a) the cabinetry can be removed without removal or replacement 
of the fixture;
    (b) the finish floor extends under the cabinetry; and
    (c) the walls behind and surrounding the cabinetry are finished.
    4. A knee clearance of 24 inches (610 mm) minimum above the 
finish floor or ground shall be permitted at lavatories and sinks 
used primarily by children 6 through 12 years where the rim or 
counter surface is 31 inches (785 mm) maximum above the finish floor 
or ground.
    5. A parallel approach complying with 305 shall be permitted to 
lavatories and sinks used primarily by children 5 years and younger.
    6. The dip of the overflow shall not be considered in 
determining knee and toe clearances.
    7. No more than one bowl of a multi-bowl sink shall be required 
to provide knee and toe clearance complying with 306.
    606.3 Height. Lavatories and sinks shall be installed with the 
front of the higher of the rim or counter surface 34 inches (865 mm) 
maximum above the finish floor or ground.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. A lavatory in a toilet or bathing facility for a 
single occupant accessed only through a private office and not for 
common use or public use shall not be required to comply with 606.3.
    2. In residential dwelling unit kitchens, sinks that are 
adjustable to variable heights, 29 inches (735 mm) minimum and 36 
inches (915 mm) maximum, shall be permitted where rough-in plumbing 
permits connections of supply and drain pipes for sinks mounted at 
the height of 29 inches (735 mm).
    606.4 Faucets. Controls for faucets shall comply with 309. Hand-
operated metering faucets shall remain open for 10 seconds minimum.
    606.5 Exposed Pipes and Surfaces. Water supply and drain pipes 
under lavatories and sinks shall be insulated or otherwise 
configured to protect against contact. There shall be no sharp or 
abrasive surfaces under lavatories and sinks.

607 Bathtubs

    607.1 General. Bathtubs shall comply with 607.
    607.2 Clearance. Clearance in front of bathtubs shall extend the 
length of the bathtub and shall be 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum. 
A lavatory complying with 606 shall be permitted at the control end 
of the clearance. Where a permanent seat is provided at the head end 
of the bathtub, the clearance shall extend 12 inches (305 mm) 
minimum beyond the wall at the head end of the bathtub.
    607.3 Seat. A permanent seat at the head end of the bathtub or a 
removable in-tub seat shall be provided. Seats shall comply with 
610.
    607.4 Grab Bars. Grab bars for bathtubs shall comply with 609 
and shall be provided in accordance with 607.4.1 or 607.4.2.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Grab bars shall not be required to be installed 
in a bathtub located in a bathing facility for a single occupant 
accessed only through a private office and not for common use or 
public use provided that reinforcement has been installed in walls 
and located so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying 
with 607.4.
    2. In residential dwelling units, grab bars shall not be 
required to be installed in bathtubs located in bathing facilities 
provided that reinforcement has been installed in walls and located 
so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying with 607.4.
    607.4.1 Bathtubs With Permanent Seats. For bathtubs with 
permanent seats, grab bars shall be provided in accordance with 
607.4.1.
    607.4.1.1 Back Wall. Two grab bars shall be installed on the 
back wall, one located in accordance with 609.4 and the other 
located 8 inches (205 mm) minimum and 10 inches (255 mm) maximum 
above the rim of the bathtub. Each grab bar shall be installed 15 
inches (380 mm) maximum from the head end wall and 12 inches (305 
mm) maximum from the control end wall.
    607.4.1.2 Control End Wall. A grab bar 24 inches (610 mm) long 
minimum shall be installed on the control end wall at the front edge 
of the bathtub.
    607.4.2 Bathtubs Without Permanent Seats. For bathtubs without 
permanent seats, grab bars shall comply with 607.4.2.
    607.4.2.1 Back Wall. Two grab bars shall be installed on the 
back wall, one located in accordance with 609.4 and other located 8 
inches (205 mm) minimum and 10 inches (255 mm) maximum above the rim 
of the bathtub. Each grab bar shall be 24 inches (610 mm) long 
minimum and shall be installed 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the 
head end wall and 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the control end 
wall.
    607.4.2.2 Control End Wall. A grab bar 24 inches (610 mm) long 
minimum shall be installed on the control end wall at the front edge 
of the bathtub.
    607.4.2.3 Head End Wall. A grab bar 12 inches (305 mm) long 
minimum shall be installed on the head end wall at the front edge of 
the bathtub.
    607.5 Controls. Controls, other than drain stoppers, shall be 
located on an end wall. Controls shall be between the bathtub rim 
and grab bar, and between the open side of the bathtub and the 
centerline of the width of the bathtub. Controls shall comply with 
309.4.
    607.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water. A shower spray unit with a 
hose 59 inches (1500 mm) long minimum that can be used both as a 
fixed-position shower head and as a handheld shower shall be 
provided. The shower spray unit shall have an on/off control with a 
non-positive shut-off. If an adjustable height shower head on a 
vertical bar is used, the bar shall be installed so as not to 
obstruct the use of grab bars. Bathtub shower spray units shall 
deliver water that is 120 [deg]F (49 [deg]C) maximum.
    607.7 Bathtub Enclosures. Enclosures for bathtubs shall not 
obstruct controls, faucets, shower and spray units or obstruct 
transfer from wheelchairs onto bathtub seats or into bathtubs. 
Enclosures on bathtubs shall not have tracks installed on the rim of 
the open face of the bathtub.

608 Shower Compartments

    608.1 General. Shower compartments shall comply with 608.
    608.2 Size and Clearances for Shower Compartments. Shower 
compartments shall have sizes and clearances complying with 608.2.
    608.2.1 Transfer Type Shower Compartments. Transfer type shower 
compartments shall be 36 inches (915 mm) by 36 inches (915 mm) clear 
inside dimensions measured at the center points of opposing sides 
and shall have a 36 inch (915 mm) wide minimum entry on the face of 
the shower compartment. Clearance of 36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum 
by 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum measured from the control wall 
shall be provided.
    608.2.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartments. Standard 
roll-in type shower compartments shall be 30 inches (760 mm) wide 
minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) deep minimum clear inside dimensions 
measured at center points of opposing sides and shall have a 60 
inches (1525 mm) wide minimum entry on the face of the shower 
compartment.
    608.2.2.1 Clearance. A 30 inch (760 mm) wide minimum by 60 inch 
(1525 mm) long minimum clearance shall be provided adjacent to the 
open face of the shower compartment.
    EXCEPTION: A lavatory complying with 606 shall be permitted on 
one 30 inch (760 mm) wide minimum side of the clearance provided 
that it is not on the side of the clearance adjacent to the controls 
or, where provided, not the side of the clearance adjacent to the 
shower seat.
    608.2.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartments. Alternate 
roll-in type shower compartments shall be 36 inches (915 mm) wide 
and 60 inches (1525 mm) deep minimum clear inside dimensions 
measured at center points of opposing sides. A 36 inch (915 mm) wide 
minimum entry shall be provided at one end of the long side of the 
compartment.
    608.3 Grab Bars. Grab bars shall comply with 609 and shall be 
provided in accordance with 608.3. Where multiple grab bars are 
used, required horizontal grab bars shall be

[[Page 59537]]

installed at the same height above the finish floor.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Grab bars shall not be required to be installed 
in a shower located in a bathing facility for a single occupant 
accessed only through a private office, and not for common use or 
public use provided that reinforcement has been installed in walls 
and located so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying 
with 608.3.
    2. In residential dwelling units, grab bars shall not be 
required to be installed in showers located in bathing facilities 
provided that reinforcement has been installed in walls and located 
so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying with 608.3.
    608.3.1 Transfer Type Shower Compartments. In transfer type 
compartments, grab bars shall be provided across the control wall 
and back wall to a point 18 inches (455 mm) from the control wall.
    608.3.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartments. Where a seat 
is provided in standard roll-in type shower compartments, grab bars 
shall be provided on the back wall and the side wall opposite the 
seat. Grab bars shall not be provided above the seat. Where a seat 
is not provided in standard roll-in type shower compartments, grab 
bars shall be provided on three walls. Grab bars shall be installed 
6 inches (150 mm) maximum from adjacent walls.
    608.3.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartments. In alternate 
roll-in type shower compartments, grab bars shall be provided on the 
back wall and the side wall farthest from the compartment entry. 
Grab bars shall not be provided above the seat. Grab bars shall be 
installed 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from adjacent walls.
    608.4 Seats. A folding or non-folding seat shall be provided in 
transfer type shower compartments. A folding seat shall be provided 
in roll-in type showers required in transient lodging guest rooms 
with mobility features complying with 806.2. Seats shall comply with 
610.
    EXCEPTION: In residential dwelling units, seats shall not be 
required in transfer type shower compartments provided that 
reinforcement has been installed in walls so as to permit the 
installation of seats complying with 608.4.
    608.5 Controls. Controls, faucets, and shower spray units shall 
comply with 309.4.
    608.5.1 Transfer Type Shower Compartments. In transfer type 
shower compartments, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit 
shall be installed on the side wall opposite the seat 38 inches (965 
mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower floor 
and shall be located on the control wall 15 inches (380 mm) maximum 
from the centerline of the seat toward the shower opening.
    608.5.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartments. In standard 
roll-in type shower compartments, the controls, faucets, and shower 
spray unit shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 
48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower floor. Where a seat is 
provided, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be 
installed on the back wall adjacent to the seat wall and shall be 
located 27 inches (685 mm) maximum from the seat wall.
    608.5.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartments. In alternate 
roll-in type shower compartments, the controls, faucets, and shower 
spray unit shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 
48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower floor. Where a seat is 
provided, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be 
located on the side wall adjacent to the seat 27 inches (685 mm) 
maximum from the side wall behind the seat or shall be located on 
the back wall opposite the seat 15 inches (380 mm) maximum, left or 
right, of the centerline of the seat. Where a seat is not provided, 
the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be installed on 
the side wall farthest from the compartment entry.
    608.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water. A shower spray unit with a 
hose 59 inches (1500 mm) long minimum that can be used both as a 
fixed-position shower head and as a handheld shower shall be 
provided. The shower spray unit shall have an on/off control with a 
non-positive shut-off. If an adjustable-height shower head on a 
vertical bar is used, the bar shall be installed so as not to 
obstruct the use of grab bars. Shower spray units shall deliver 
water that is 120 [deg]F (49 [deg]C) maximum.
    EXCEPTION: A fixed shower head located at 48 inches (1220 mm) 
maximum above the shower finish floor shall be permitted instead of 
a hand-held spray unit in facilities that are not medical care 
facilities, long-term care facilities, transient lodging guest 
rooms, or residential dwelling units.
    608.7 Thresholds. Thresholds in roll-in type shower compartments 
shall be \1/2\ inch (13 mm) high maximum in accordance with 303. In 
transfer type shower compartments, thresholds \1/2\ inch (13 mm) 
high maximum shall be beveled, rounded, or vertical.
    EXCEPTION: A threshold 2 inches (51 mm) high maximum shall be 
permitted in transfer type shower compartments in existing 
facilities where provision of a \1/2\ inch (13 mm) high threshold 
would disturb the structural reinforcement of the floor slab.
    608.8 Shower Enclosures. Enclosures for shower compartments 
shall not obstruct controls, faucets, and shower spray units or 
obstruct transfer from wheelchairs onto shower seats.

609 Grab Bars

    609.1 General. Grab bars in toilet facilities and bathing 
facilities shall comply with 609.
    609.2 Cross Section. Grab bars shall have a cross section 
complying with 609.2.1 or 609.2.2.
    609.2.1 Circular Cross Section. Grab bars with circular cross 
sections shall have an outside diameter of 1\1/4\ inches (32 mm) 
minimum and 2 inches (51 mm) maximum.
    609.2.2 Non-Circular Cross Section. Grab bars with non-circular 
cross sections shall have a cross-section dimension of 2 inches (51 
mm) maximum and a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (100 mm) minimum 
and 4.8 inches (120 mm) maximum.
    609.3 Spacing. The space between the wall and the grab bar shall 
be 1\1/2\ inches (38 mm). The space between the grab bar and 
projecting objects below and at the ends shall be 1\1/2\ inches (38 
mm) minimum. The space between the grab bar and projecting objects 
above shall be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum.
    EXCEPTION: The space between the grab bars and shower controls, 
shower fittings, and other grab bars above shall be permitted to be 
1\1/2\ inches (38 mm) minimum.
    609.4 Position of Grab Bars. Grab bars shall be installed in a 
horizontal position, 33 inches (840 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 
mm) maximum above the finish floor measured to the top of the 
gripping surface, except that at water closets for children's use 
complying with 604.9, grab bars shall be installed in a horizontal 
position 18 inches (455 mm) minimum and 27 inches (685 mm) maximum 
above the finish floor measured to the top of the gripping surface. 
The height of the lower grab bar on the back wall of a bathtub shall 
comply with 607.4.1.1 or 607.4.2.1.
    609.5 Surface Hazards. Grab bars and any wall or other surfaces 
adjacent to grab bars shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements 
and shall have rounded edges.
    609.6 Fittings. Grab bars shall not rotate within their 
fittings.
    609.7 Installation. Grab bars shall be installed in any manner 
that provides a gripping surface at the specified locations and that 
does not obstruct the required clear floor space.
    609.8 Structural Strength. Allowable stresses shall not be 
exceeded for materials used when a vertical or horizontal force of 
250 pounds (1112 N) is applied at any point on the grab bar, 
fastener, mounting device, or supporting structure.

610 Seats

    610.1 General. Seats in bathtubs and shower compartments shall 
comply with 610.
    610.2 Bathtub Seats. The top of bathtub seats shall be 17 inches 
(430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the bathroom 
finish floor. The depth of a removable in-tub seat shall be 15 
inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum. The seat 
shall be capable of secure placement. Permanent seats at the head 
end of the bathtub shall be 15 inches (380 mm) deep minimum and 
shall extend from the back wall to or beyond the outer edge of the 
bathtub.
    610.3 Shower Compartment Seats. Where a seat is provided in a 
standard roll-in shower compartment, it shall be a folding type, 
shall be installed on the side wall adjacent to the controls, and 
shall extend from the back wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) 
of the compartment entry. Where a seat is provided in an alternate 
roll-in type shower compartment, it shall be a folding type, shall 
be installed on the front wall opposite the back wall, and shall 
extend from the adjacent side wall to a point within 3 inches (75 
mm) of the compartment entry. In transfer-type showers, the seat 
shall extend from the back wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) 
of the compartment entry. The top of the seat shall be 17 inches 
(430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the bathroom 
finish floor. Seats shall comply with 610.3.1 or 610.3.2.
    610.3.1 Rectangular Seats. The rear edge of a rectangular seat 
shall be 2\1/2\ inches (64 mm) maximum and the front edge 15 inches

[[Page 59538]]

(380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from the seat wall. 
The side edge of the seat shall be 1\1/2\ inches (38 mm) maximum 
from the adjacent wall.
    610.3.2 L-Shaped Seats. The rear edge of an L-shaped seat shall 
be 2\1/2\ inches (64 mm) maximum and the front edge 15 inches (380 
mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from the seat wall. The 
rear edge of the ``L'' portion of the seat shall be 1\1/2\ inches 
(38 mm) maximum from the wall and the front edge shall be 14 inches 
(355 mm) minimum and 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the wall. The 
end of the ``L'' shall be 22 inches (560 mm) minimum and 23 inches 
maximum (585 mm) from the main seat wall.
    610.4 Structural Strength. Allowable stresses shall not be 
exceeded for materials used when a vertical or horizontal force of 
250 pounds (1112 N) is applied at any point on the seat, fastener, 
mounting device, or supporting structure.

611 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers

    611.1 General. Washing machines and clothes dryers shall comply 
with 611.
    611.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor or ground space complying 
with 305 positioned for parallel approach shall be provided. The 
clear floor or ground space shall be centered on the appliance.
    611.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts, including doors, lint 
screens, and detergent and bleach compartments shall comply with 
309.
    611.4 Height. Top loading machines shall have the door to the 
laundry compartment located 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the 
finish floor. Front loading machines shall have the bottom of the 
opening to the laundry compartment located 15 inches (380 mm) 
minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finish floor.

612 Saunas and Steam Rooms

    612.1 General. Saunas and steam rooms shall comply with 612.
    612.2 Bench. Where seating is provided in saunas and steam 
rooms, at least one bench shall comply with 903. Doors shall not 
swing into the clear floor space required by 903.2.
    EXCEPTION: A readily removable bench shall be permitted to 
obstruct the turning space required by 612.3 and the clear floor or 
ground space required by 903.2.
    612.3 Turning Space. A turning space complying with 304 shall be 
provided within saunas and steam rooms.

Chapter 7: Communication Elements and Features

701 General

    701.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 7 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

702 Fire Alarm Systems

    702.1 General. Fire alarm systems shall have permanently 
installed audible and visible alarms complying with NFPA 72 (1999 or 
2002 edition) (incorporated by reference, see Referenced Standards'' 
in Chapter 1), except that the maximum allowable sound level of 
audible notification appliances complying with section 4-3.2.1 of 
NFPA 72 (1999 edition) shall have a sound level no more than 110 dB 
at the minimum hearing distance from the audible appliance. In 
addition, alarms in guest rooms required to provide communication 
features shall comply with sections 4-3 and 4-4 of NFPA 72 (1999 
edition) or sections 7.4 and 7.5 of NFPA 72 (2002 edition).
    EXCEPTION: Fire alarm systems in medical care facilities shall 
be permitted to be provided in accordance with industry practice.

703 Signs

    703.1 General. Signs shall comply with 703. Where both visual 
and tactile characters are required, either one sign with both 
visual and tactile characters, or two separate signs, one with 
visual, and one with tactile characters, shall be provided.
    703.2 Raised Characters. Raised characters shall comply with 
703.2 and shall be duplicated in braille complying with 703.3. 
Raised characters shall be installed in accordance with 703.4.
    703.2.1 Depth. Raised characters shall be \1/32\ inch (0.8 mm) 
minimum above their background.
    703.2.2 Case. Characters shall be uppercase.
    703.2.3 Style. Characters shall be sans serif. Characters shall 
not be italic, oblique, script, highly decorative, or of other 
unusual forms.
    703.2.4 Character Proportions. Characters shall be selected from 
fonts where the width of the uppercase letter ``O'' is 55 percent 
minimum and 110 percent maximum of the height of the uppercase 
letter ``I''.
    703.2.5 Character Height. Character height measured vertically 
from the baseline of the character shall be \5/8\ inch (16 mm) 
minimum and 2 inches (51 mm) maximum based on the height of the 
uppercase letter ``I''.
    EXCEPTION: Where separate raised and visual characters with the 
same information are provided, raised character height shall be 
permitted to be \1/2\ inch (13 mm) minimum.
    703.2.6 Stroke Thickness. Stroke thickness of the uppercase 
letter ``I'' shall be 15 percent maximum of the height of the 
character.
    703.2.7 Character Spacing. Character spacing shall be measured 
between the two closest points of adjacent raised characters within 
a message, excluding word spaces. Where characters have rectangular 
cross sections, spacing between individual raised characters shall 
be \1/8\ inch (3.2 mm) minimum and 4 times the raised character 
stroke width maximum. Where characters have other cross sections, 
spacing between individual raised characters shall be \1/16\ inch 
(1.6 mm) minimum and 4 times the raised character stroke width 
maximum at the base of the cross sections, and \1/8\ inch (3.2 mm) 
minimum and 4 times the raised character stroke width maximum at the 
top of the cross sections. Characters shall be separated from raised 
borders and decorative elements \3/8\ inch (9.5 mm) minimum.
    703.2.8 Line Spacing. Spacing between the baselines of separate 
lines of raised characters within a message shall be 135 percent 
minimum and 170 percent maximum of the raised character height.
    703.3 Braille. Braille shall be contracted (Grade 2) and shall 
comply with 703.3 and 703.4.
    703.3.1 Dimensions and Capitalization. Braille dots shall have a 
domed or rounded shape and shall comply with Table 703.3.1. The 
indication of an uppercase letter or letters shall only be used 
before the first word of sentences, proper nouns and names, 
individual letters of the alphabet, initials, and acronyms.

                    Table 703.3.1--Braille Dimensions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Minimum in inches  Maximum
             Measurement range                        in inches
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dot base diameter.........................  0.059 (1.5 mm) to 0.063 (1.6
                                             mm).
Distance between two dots in the same cell  0.090 (2.3 mm) to 0.100 (2.5
 \1\.                                        mm).
Distance between corresponding dots in      0.241 (6.1 mm) to 0.300 (7.6
 adjacent cells \1\.                         mm).
Dot height................................  0.025 (0.6 mm) to 0.037 (0.9
                                             mm).
Distance between corresponding dots from    0.395 (10 mm) to 0.400 (10.2
 one cell directly below \1\.                mm).
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Measured center to center.

    703.3.2 Position. Braille shall be positioned below the 
corresponding text. If text is multi-lined, braille shall be placed 
below the entire text. Braille shall be separated \3/8\ inch (9.5 
mm) minimum from any other tactile characters and \3/8\ inch (9.5 
mm) minimum from raised borders and decorative elements.
    EXCEPTION: Braille provided on elevator car controls shall be 
separated \3/16\ inch (4.8 mm) minimum and shall be located either 
directly below or adjacent to the corresponding raised characters or 
symbols.
    703.4 Installation Height and Location. Signs with tactile 
characters shall comply with 703.4.
    703.4.1 Height Above Finish Floor or Ground. Tactile characters 
on signs shall be located 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum above the 
finish floor or ground surface, measured from the baseline of the 
lowest tactile character and 60 inches (1525 mm) maximum above the 
finish floor or ground surface, measured from the baseline of the 
highest tactile character.
    EXCEPTION: Tactile characters for elevator car controls shall 
not be required to comply with 703.4.1.
    703.4.2 Location. Where a tactile sign is provided at a door, 
the sign shall be located alongside the door at the latch side. 
Where a tactile sign is provided at double doors with one active 
leaf, the sign shall be located on the inactive leaf. Where a 
tactile sign is provided at double doors with two active leafs, the 
sign shall be located to the right of the right hand door. Where 
there is no wall space at the latch side of a single door or at the 
right side of double doors, signs shall be located on the nearest 
adjacent wall. Signs containing tactile characters shall be located

[[Page 59539]]

so that a clear floor space of 18 inches (455 mm) minimum by 18 
inches (455 mm) minimum, centered on the tactile characters, is 
provided beyond the arc of any door swing between the closed 
position and 45 degree open position.
    EXCEPTION: Signs with tactile characters shall be permitted on 
the push side of doors with closers and without hold-open devices.
    703.5 Visual Characters. Visual characters shall comply with 
703.5.
    EXCEPTION: Where visual characters comply with 703.2 and are 
accompanied by braille complying with 703.3, they shall not be 
required to comply with 703.5.2 through 703.5.9.
    703.5.1 Finish and Contrast. Characters and their background 
shall have a non-glare finish. Characters shall contrast with their 
background with either light characters on a dark background or dark 
characters on a light background.
    703.5.2 Case. Characters shall be uppercase or lowercase or a 
combination of both.
    703.5.3 Style. Characters shall be conventional in form. 
Characters shall not be italic, oblique, script, highly decorative, 
or of other unusual forms.
    703.5.4 Character Proportions. Characters shall be selected from 
fonts where the width of the uppercase letter ``O'' is 55 percent 
minimum and 110 percent maximum of the height of the uppercase 
letter ``I''.
    703.5.5 Character Height. Minimum character height shall comply 
with Table 703.5.5. Viewing distance shall be measured as the 
horizontal distance between the character and an obstruction 
preventing further approach towards the sign. Character height shall 
be based on the uppercase letter ``I''.

                 Table 703.5.5--Visual Character Height
------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Height to finish floor or
    ground from baseline of         Horizontal       Minimum character
           character             viewing distance          height
------------------------------------------------------------------------
40 inches (1015 mm) to less     less than 72       \5/8\ inch (16 mm) \5/
 than or equal to 70 inches      inches (1830 mm)   8\ inch (16 mm),
 (1780 mm).                      72 inches (1830    plus \1/8\ inch (3.2
                                 mm) and greater.   mm) per foot (305
                                                    mm) of viewing
                                                    distance above 72
                                                    inches (1830 mm).
Greater than 70 inches (1780    less than 180      2 inches (51 mm).
 mm) to less than or equal to    inches (4570 mm).
 120 inches (3050 mm).
                                180 inches (4570   2 inches (51 mm),
                                 mm) and greater.   plus \1/8\ inch (3.2
                                                    mm) per foot (305
                                                    mm) of viewing
                                                    distance above 180
                                                    inches (4570 mm).
Greater than 120 inches (3050   less than 21 feet  3 inches (75 mm).
 mm).                            (6400 mm).
                                21 feet (6400 mm)  3 inches (75 mm),
                                 and greater.       plus \1/8\ inch (3.2
                                                    mm) per foot (305
                                                    mm) of viewing
                                                    distance above 21
                                                    feet (6400 mm).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    703.5.6 Height From Finish Floor or Ground. Visual characters 
shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum above the finish floor or 
ground.
    EXCEPTION: Visual characters indicating elevator car controls 
shall not be required to comply with 703.5.6.
    703.5.7 Stroke Thickness. Stroke thickness of the uppercase 
letter ``I'' shall be 10 percent minimum and 30 percent maximum of 
the height of the character.
    703.5.8 Character Spacing. Character spacing shall be measured 
between the two closest points of adjacent characters, excluding 
word spaces. Spacing between individual characters shall be 10 
percent minimum and 35 percent maximum of character height.
    703.5.9 Line Spacing. Spacing between the baselines of separate 
lines of characters within a message shall be 135 percent minimum 
and 170 percent maximum of the character height.
    703.6 Pictograms. Pictograms shall comply with 703.6.
    703.6.1 Pictogram Field. Pictograms shall have a field height of 
6 inches (150 mm) minimum. Characters and braille shall not be 
located in the pictogram field.
    703.6.2 Finish and Contrast. Pictograms and their field shall 
have a non-glare finish. Pictograms shall contrast with their field 
with either a light pictogram on a dark field or a dark pictogram on 
a light field.
    703.6.3 Text Descriptors. Pictograms shall have text descriptors 
located directly below the pictogram field. Text descriptors shall 
comply with 703.2, 703.3 and 703.4.
    703.7 Symbols of Accessibility. Symbols of accessibility shall 
comply with 703.7.
    703.7.1 Finish and Contrast. Symbols of accessibility and their 
background shall have a non-glare finish. Symbols of accessibility 
shall contrast with their background with either a light symbol on a 
dark background or a dark symbol on a light background.
    703.7.2 Symbols.
    703.7.2.1 International Symbol of Accessibility. The 
International Symbol of Accessibility shall comply with Figure 
703.7.2.1 at the end of this document.
    703.7.2.2 International Symbol of TTY. The International Symbol 
of TTY shall comply with Figure 703.7.2.2 at the end of this 
document.
    703.7.2.3 Volume Control Telephones. Telephones with a volume 
control shall be identified by a pictogram of a telephone handset 
with radiating sound waves.
    703.7.2.4. Assistive Listening Systems. Assistive listening 
systems shall be identified by the International Symbol of Access 
for Hearing Loss complying with Figure 703.7.2.4 at the end of this 
document.

704 Telephones

    704.1 General. Public telephones shall comply with 704.
    704.2 Wheelchair Accessible Telephones. Wheelchair accessible 
telephones shall comply with 704.2.
    704.2.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground 
space complying with 305 shall be provided. The clear floor or 
ground space shall not be obstructed by bases, enclosures, or seats.
    704.2.1.1 Parallel Approach. Where a parallel approach is 
provided, the distance from the edge of the telephone enclosure to 
the face of the telephone unit shall be 10 inches (255 mm) maximum.
    704.2.1.2 Forward Approach. Where a forward approach is 
provided, the distance from the front edge of a counter within the 
telephone enclosure to the face of the telephone unit shall be 20 
inches (510 mm) maximum.
    704.2.2 Operable Parts. Operable parts shall comply with 309. 
Telephones shall have pushbutton controls where such service is 
available.
    704.2.3 Telephone Directories. Telephone directories, where 
provided, shall be located in accordance with 309.
    704.2.4 Cord Length. The cord from the telephone to the handset 
shall be 29 inches (735 mm) long minimum.
    704.3 Volume Control Telephones. Public telephones required to 
have volume controls shall be equipped with a receive volume control 
that provides a gain adjustable up to 20 dB minimum. For incremental 
volume control, provide at least one intermediate step of 12 dB of 
gain minimum. An automatic reset shall be provided.
    704.4 TTYs. TTYs required at a public pay telephone shall be 
permanently affixed within, or adjacent to, the telephone enclosure. 
Where an acoustic coupler is used, the telephone cord shall be 
sufficiently long to allow connection of the TTY and the telephone 
receiver.
    704.4.1 Height. When in use, the touch surface of TTY keypads 
shall be 34 inches (865 mm) minimum above the finish floor.
    EXCEPTION: Where seats are provided, TTYs shall not be required 
to comply with 704.4.1.
    704.5 TTY Shelf. Public pay telephones required to accommodate 
portable TTYs shall be equipped with a shelf and an electrical 
outlet within or adjacent to the telephone enclosure. The telephone 
handset shall be capable of being placed flush on the surface of the 
shelf. The shelf shall be capable of accommodating a TTY and shall 
have 6 inches (150 mm) minimum vertical clearance above the area 
where the TTY is to be placed.

[[Page 59540]]

705 Detectable Warnings

    705.1 General. Detectable warnings shall consist of a surface of 
truncated domes and shall comply with 705.
    705.1.1 Dome Size. Truncated domes in a detectable warning 
surface shall have a base diameter of 0.9 inch (23 mm) minimum and 
1.4 inches (36 mm) maximum, a top diameter of 50 percent of the base 
diameter minimum to 65 percent of the base diameter maximum, and a 
height of 0.2 inch (5.1 mm).
    705.1.2 Dome Spacing. Truncated domes in a detectable warning 
surface shall have a center-to-center spacing of 1.6 inches (41 mm) 
minimum and 2.4 inches (61 mm) maximum, and a base-to-base spacing 
of 0.65 inch (17 mm) minimum, measured between the most adjacent 
domes on a square grid.
    705.1.3 Contrast. Detectable warning surfaces shall contrast 
visually with adjacent walking surfaces either light-on-dark, or 
dark-on-light.
    705.2 Platform Edges. Detectable warning surfaces at platform 
boarding edges shall be 24 inches (610 mm) wide and shall extend the 
full length of the public use areas of the platform.

706 Assistive Listening Systems

    706.1 General. Assistive listening systems required in assembly 
areas shall comply with 706.
    706.2 Receiver Jacks. Receivers required for use with an 
assistive listening system shall include a \1/8\ inch (3.2 mm) 
standard mono jack.
    706.3 Receiver Hearing-Aid Compatibility. Receivers required to 
be hearing-aid compatible shall interface with telecoils in hearing 
aids through the provision of neckloops.
    706.4 Sound Pressure Level. Assistive listening systems shall be 
capable of providing a sound pressure level of 110 dB minimum and 
118 dB maximum with a dynamic range on the volume control of 50 dB.
    706.5 Signal-to-Noise Ratio. The signal-to-noise ratio for 
internally generated noise in assistive listening systems shall be 
18 dB minimum.
    706.6 Peak Clipping Level. Peak clipping shall not exceed 18 dB 
of clipping relative to the peaks of speech.

707 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines

    707.1 General. Automatic teller machines and fare machines shall 
comply with 707.
    707.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground space 
complying with 305 shall be provided.
    EXCEPTION: Clear floor or ground space shall not be required at 
drive-up only automatic teller machines and fare machines.
    707.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts shall comply with 309. 
Unless a clear or correct key is provided, each operable part shall 
be able to be differentiated by sound or touch, without activation.
    EXCEPTION: Drive-up only automatic teller machines and fare 
machines shall not be required to comply with 309.2 and 309.3.
    707.4 Privacy. Automatic teller machines shall provide the 
opportunity for the same degree of privacy of input and output 
available to all individuals.
    707.5 Speech Output. Machines shall be speech enabled. Operating 
instructions and orientation, visible transaction prompts, user 
input verification, error messages, and all displayed information 
for full use shall be accessible to and independently usable by 
individuals with vision impairments. Speech shall be delivered 
through a mechanism that is readily available to all users, 
including but not limited to, an industry standard connector or a 
telephone handset. Speech shall be recorded or digitized human, or 
synthesized.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Audible tones shall be permitted instead of 
speech for visible output that is not displayed for security 
purposes, including but not limited to, asterisks representing 
personal identification numbers.
    2. Advertisements and other similar information shall not be 
required to be audible unless they convey information that can be 
used in the transaction being conducted.
    3. Where speech synthesis cannot be supported, dynamic 
alphabetic output shall not be required to be audible.
    707.5.1 User Control. Speech shall be capable of being repeated 
or interrupted. Volume control shall be provided for the speech 
function.
    EXCEPTION: Speech output for any single function shall be 
permitted to be automatically interrupted when a transaction is 
selected.
    707.5.2 Receipts. Where receipts are provided, speech output 
devices shall provide audible balance inquiry information, error 
messages, and all other information on the printed receipt necessary 
to complete or verify the transaction.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Machine location, date and time of transaction, 
customer account number, and the machine identifier shall not be 
required to be audible.
    2. Information on printed receipts that duplicates information 
available on-screen shall not be required to be presented in the 
form of an audible receipt.
    3. Printed copies of bank statements and checks shall not be 
required to be audible.
    707.6 Input. Input devices shall comply with 707.6.
    707.6.1 Input Controls. At least one tactilely discernible input 
control shall be provided for each function. Where provided, key 
surfaces not on active areas of display screens, shall be raised 
above surrounding surfaces. Where membrane keys are the only method 
of input, each shall be tactilely discernible from surrounding 
surfaces and adjacent keys.
    707.6.2 Numeric Keys. Numeric keys shall be arranged in a 12-key 
ascending or descending telephone keypad layout. The number five key 
shall be tactilely distinct from the other keys.
    707.6.3 Function Keys. Function keys shall comply with 707.6.3.
    707.6.3.1 Contrast. Function keys shall contrast visually from 
background surfaces. Characters and symbols on key surfaces shall 
contrast visually from key surfaces. Visual contrast shall be either 
light-on-dark or dark-on-light.
    EXCEPTION: Tactile symbols required by 707.6.3.2 shall not be 
required to comply with 707.6.3.1.
    707.6.3.2 Tactile Symbols. Function key surfaces shall have 
tactile symbols as follows: Enter or Proceed key: raised circle; 
Clear or Correct key: raised left arrow; Cancel key: raised letter 
ex; Add Value key: raised plus sign; Decrease Value key: raised 
minus sign.
    707.7 Display Screen. The display screen shall comply with 
707.7.
    EXCEPTION: Drive-up only automatic teller machines and fare 
machines shall not be required to comply with 707.7.1.
    707.7.1 Visibility. The display screen shall be visible from a 
point located 40 inches (1015 mm) above the center of the clear 
floor space in front of the machine.
    707.7.2 Characters. Characters displayed on the screen shall be 
in a sans serif font. Characters shall be \3/16\ inch (4.8 mm) high 
minimum based on the uppercase letter ``I''. Characters shall 
contrast with their background with either light characters on a 
dark background or dark characters on a light background.
    707.8 Braille Instructions. Braille instructions for initiating 
the speech mode shall be provided. Braille shall comply with 703.3.

708 Two-Way Communication Systems

    708.1 General. Two-way communication systems shall comply with 
708.
    708.2 Audible and Visual Indicators. The system shall provide 
both audible and visual signals.
    708.3 Handsets. Handset cords, if provided, shall be 29 inches 
(735 mm) long minimum.
    708.4 Residential Dwelling Unit Communication Systems. 
Communications systems between a residential dwelling unit and a 
site, building, or floor entrance shall comply with 708.4.
    708.4.1 Common Use or Public Use System Interface. The common 
use or public use system interface shall include the capability of 
supporting voice and TTY communication with the residential dwelling 
unit interface.
    708.4.2 Residential Dwelling Unit Interface. The residential 
dwelling unit system interface shall include a telephone jack 
capable of supporting voice and TTY communication with the common 
use or public use system interface.

CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL ROOMS, SPACES, AND ELEMENTS

801 General

    801.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 8 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

802 Wheelchair Spaces, Companion Seats, and Designated Aisle Seats

    802.1 Wheelchair Spaces. Wheelchair spaces shall comply with 
802.1.
    802.1.1 Floor or Ground Surface. The floor or ground surface of 
wheelchair spaces shall comply with 302. Changes in level are not 
permitted.
    EXCEPTION: Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.
    802.1.2 Width. A single wheelchair space shall be 36 inches (915 
mm) wide minimum. Where two adjacent wheelchair spaces are

[[Page 59541]]

provided, each wheelchair space shall be 33 inches (840 mm) wide 
minimum.
    802.1.3 Depth. Where a wheelchair space can be entered from the 
front or rear, the wheelchair space shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) 
deep minimum. Where a wheelchair space can be entered only from the 
side, the wheelchair space shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) deep 
minimum.
    802.1.4 Approach. Wheelchair spaces shall adjoin accessible 
routes. Accessible routes shall not overlap wheelchair spaces.
    802.1.5 Overlap. Wheelchair spaces shall not overlap circulation 
paths.
    802.2 Lines of Sight. Lines of sight to the screen, performance 
area, or playing field for spectators in wheelchair spaces shall 
comply with 802.2.
    802.2.1 Lines of Sight Over Seated Spectators. Where spectators 
are expected to remain seated during events, spectators in 
wheelchair spaces shall be afforded lines of sight complying with 
802.2.1.
    802.2.1.1 Lines of Sight Over Heads. Where spectators are 
provided lines of sight over the heads of spectators seated in the 
first row in front of their seats, spectators seated in wheelchair 
spaces shall be afforded lines of sight over the heads of seated 
spectators in the first row in front of wheelchair spaces.
    802.2.1.2 Lines of Sight Between Heads. Where spectators are 
provided lines of sight over the shoulders and between the heads of 
spectators seated in the first row in front of their seats, 
spectators seated in wheelchair spaces shall be afforded lines of 
sight over the shoulders and between the heads of seated spectators 
in the first row in front of wheelchair spaces.
    802.2.2 Lines of Sight Over Standing Spectators. Where 
spectators are expected to stand during events, spectators in 
wheelchair spaces shall be afforded lines of sight complying with 
802.2.2.
    802.2.2.1 Lines of Sight Over Heads. Where standing spectators 
are provided lines of sight over the heads of spectators standing in 
the first row in front of their seats, spectators seated in 
wheelchair spaces shall be afforded lines of sight over the heads of 
standing spectators in the first row in front of wheelchair spaces.
    802.2.2.2 Lines of Sight Between Heads. Where standing 
spectators are provided lines of sight over the shoulders and 
between the heads of spectators standing in the first row in front 
of their seats, spectators seated in wheelchair spaces shall be 
afforded lines of sight over the shoulders and between the heads of 
standing spectators in the first row in front of wheelchair spaces.
    802.3 Companion Seats. Companion seats shall comply with 802.3.
    802.3.1 Alignment. In row seating, companion seats shall be 
located to provide shoulder alignment with adjacent wheelchair 
spaces. The shoulder alignment point of the wheelchair space shall 
be measured 36 inches (915 mm) from the front of the wheelchair 
space. The floor surface of the companion seat shall be at the same 
elevation as the floor surface of the wheelchair space.
    802.3.2 Type. Companion seats shall be equivalent in size, 
quality, comfort, and amenities to the seating in the immediate 
area. Companion seats shall be permitted to be movable.
    802.4 Designated Aisle Seats. Designated aisle seats shall 
comply with 802.4.
    802.4.1 Armrests. Where armrests are provided on the seating in 
the immediate area, folding or retractable armrests shall be 
provided on the aisle side of the seat.
    802.4.2 Identification. Each designated aisle seat shall be 
identified by a sign or marker.

803 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms

    803.1 General. Dressing, fitting, and locker rooms shall comply 
with 803.
    803.2 Turning Space. Turning space complying with 304 shall be 
provided within the room.
    803.3 Door Swing. Doors shall not swing into the room unless a 
clear floor or ground space complying with 305.3 is provided beyond 
the arc of the door swing.
    803.4 Benches. A bench complying with 903 shall be provided 
within the room.
    803.5 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Coat hooks provided within the 
room shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in 
308. Shelves shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches 
(1220 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground.

804 Kitchens and Kitchenettes

    804.1 General. Kitchens and kitchenettes shall comply with 804.
    804.2 Clearance. Where a pass through kitchen is provided, 
clearances shall comply with 804.2.1. Where a U-shaped kitchen is 
provided, clearances shall comply with 804.2.2.
    EXCEPTION: Spaces that do not provide a cooktop or conventional 
range shall not be required to comply with 804.2.
    804.2.1 Pass Through Kitchen. In pass through kitchens where 
counters, appliances or cabinets are on two opposing sides, or where 
counters, appliances or cabinets are opposite a parallel wall, 
clearance between all opposing base cabinets, counter tops, 
appliances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall be 40 inches 
(1015 mm) minimum. Pass through kitchens shall have two entries.
    804.2.2 U-Shaped. In U-shaped kitchens enclosed on three 
contiguous sides, clearance between all opposing base cabinets, 
counter tops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall 
be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.
    804.3 Kitchen Work Surface. In residential dwelling units 
required to comply with 809, at least one 30 inches (760 mm) wide 
minimum section of counter shall provide a kitchen work surface that 
complies with 804.3.
    804.3.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor space 
complying with 305 positioned for a forward approach shall be 
provided. The clear floor or ground space shall be centered on the 
kitchen work surface and shall provide knee and toe clearance 
complying with 306.
    EXCEPTION: Cabinetry shall be permitted under the kitchen work 
surface provided that all of the following conditions are met:
    (a) The cabinetry can be removed without removal or replacement 
of the kitchen work surface;
    (b) the finish floor extends under the cabinetry; and
    (c) the walls behind and surrounding the cabinetry are finished.
    804.3.2 Height. The kitchen work surface shall be 34 inches (865 
mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground.
    EXCEPTION: A counter that is adjustable to provide a kitchen 
work surface at variable heights, 29 inches (735 mm) minimum and 36 
inches (915 mm) maximum, shall be permitted.
    804.3.3 Exposed Surfaces. There shall be no sharp or abrasive 
surfaces under the work surface counters.
    804.4 Sinks. Sinks shall comply with 606.
    804.5 Storage. At least 50 percent of shelf space in storage 
facilities shall comply with 811.
    804.6 Appliances. Where provided, kitchen appliances shall 
comply with 804.6.
    804.6.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground 
space complying with 305 shall be provided at each kitchen 
appliance. Clear floor or ground spaces shall be permitted to 
overlap.
    804.6.2 Operable Parts. All appliance controls shall comply with 
309.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Appliance doors and door latching devices shall 
not be required to comply with 309.4.
    2. Bottom-hinged appliance doors, when in the open position, 
shall not be required to comply with 309.3.
    804.6.3 Dishwasher. Clear floor or ground space shall be 
positioned adjacent to the dishwasher door. The dishwasher door, in 
the open position, shall not obstruct the clear floor or ground 
space for the dishwasher or the sink.
    804.6.4 Range or Cooktop. Where a forward approach is provided, 
the clear floor or ground space shall provide knee and toe clearance 
complying with 306. Where knee and toe space is provided, the 
underside of the range or cooktop shall be insulated or otherwise 
configured to prevent burns, abrasions, or electrical shock. The 
location of controls shall not require reaching across burners.
    804.6.5 Oven. Ovens shall comply with 804.6.5.
    804.6.5.1 Side-Hinged Door Ovens. Side-hinged door ovens shall 
have the work surface required by 804.3 positioned adjacent to the 
latch side of the oven door.
    804.6.5.2 Bottom-Hinged Door Ovens. Bottom-hinged door ovens 
shall have the work surface required by 804.3 positioned adjacent to 
one side of the door.
    804.6.5.3 Controls. Ovens shall have controls on front panels.
    804.6.6 Refrigerator/Freezer. Combination refrigerators and 
freezers shall have at least 50 percent of the freezer space 54 
inches (1370 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. The clear 
floor or ground space shall be positioned for a parallel approach to 
the space dedicated to a refrigerator/freezer with the centerline of 
the clear floor or ground space offset 24 inches (610 mm) maximum 
from the centerline of the dedicated space.

[[Page 59542]]

805 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities

    805.1 General. Medical care facility and long-term care facility 
patient or resident sleeping rooms required to provide mobility 
features shall comply with 805.
    805.2 Turning Space. Turning space complying with 304 shall be 
provided within the room.
    805.3 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor space complying 
with 305 shall be provided on each side of the bed. The clear floor 
space shall be positioned for parallel approach to the side of the 
bed.
    805.4 Toilet and Bathing Rooms. Toilet and bathing rooms that 
are provided as part of a patient or resident sleeping room shall 
comply with 603. Where provided, no fewer than one water closet, one 
lavatory, and one bathtub or shower shall comply with the applicable 
requirements of 603 through 610.

806 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms

    806.1 General. Transient lodging guest rooms shall comply with 
806. Guest rooms required to provide mobility features shall comply 
with 806.2. Guest rooms required to provide communication features 
shall comply with 806.3.
    806.2 Guest Rooms with Mobility Features. Guest rooms required 
to provide mobility features shall comply with 806.2.
    806.2.1 Living and Dining Areas. Living and dining areas shall 
be accessible.
    806.2.2 Exterior Spaces. Exterior spaces, including patios, 
terraces and balconies, that serve the guest room shall be 
accessible.
    806.2.3 Sleeping Areas. At least one sleeping area shall provide 
a clear floor space complying with 305 on both sides of a bed. The 
clear floor space shall be positioned for parallel approach to the 
side of the bed.
    EXCEPTION: Where a single clear floor space complying with 305 
positioned for parallel approach is provided between two beds, a 
clear floor or ground space shall not be required on both sides of a 
bed.
    806.2.4 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. At least one bathroom 
that is provided as part of a guest room shall comply with 603. No 
fewer than one water closet, one lavatory, and one bathtub or shower 
shall comply with applicable requirements of 603 through 610. In 
addition, required roll-in shower compartments shall comply with 
608.2.2 or 608.2.3. Toilet and bathing fixtures required to comply 
with 603 through 610 shall be permitted to be located in more than 
one toilet or bathing area, provided that travel between fixtures 
does not require travel between other parts of the guest room.
    806.2.4.1 Vanity Counter Top Space. If vanity counter top space 
is provided in non-accessible guest toilet or bathing rooms, 
comparable vanity counter top space, in terms of size and proximity 
to the lavatory, shall also be provided in accessible guest toilet 
or bathing rooms.
    806.2.5 Kitchens and Kitchenettes. Kitchens and kitchenettes 
shall comply with 804.
    806.2.6 Turning Space. Turning space complying with 304 shall be 
provided within the guest room.
    806.3 Guest Rooms with Communication Features. Guest rooms 
required to provide communication features shall comply with 806.3.
    806.3.1 Alarms. Where emergency warning systems are provided, 
alarms complying with 702 shall be provided.
    806.3.2 Notification Devices. Visible notification devices shall 
be provided to alert room occupants of incoming telephone calls and 
a door knock or bell. Notification devices shall not be connected to 
visible alarm signal appliances. Telephones shall have volume 
controls compatible with the telephone system and shall comply with 
704.3. Telephones shall be served by an electrical outlet complying 
with 309 located within 48 inches (1220 mm) of the telephone to 
facilitate the use of a TTY.

807 Holding Cells and Housing Cells

    807.1 General. Holding cells and housing cells shall comply with 
807.
    807.2 Cells with Mobility Features. Cells required to provide 
mobility features shall comply with 807.2.
    807.2.1 Turning Space. Turning space complying with 304 shall be 
provided within the cell.
    807.2.2 Benches. Where benches are provided, at least one bench 
shall comply with 903.
    807.2.3 Beds. Where beds are provided, clear floor space 
complying with 305 shall be provided on at least one side of the 
bed. The clear floor space shall be positioned for parallel approach 
to the side of the bed.
    807.2.4 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. Toilet facilities or 
bathing facilities that are provided as part of a cell shall comply 
with 603. Where provided, no fewer than one water closet, one 
lavatory, and one bathtub or shower shall comply with the applicable 
requirements of 603 through 610.
    807.3 Cells with Communication Features. Cells required to 
provide communication features shall comply with 807.3.
    807.3.1 Alarms. Where audible emergency alarm systems are 
provided to serve the occupants of cells, visible alarms complying 
with 702 shall be provided.
    EXCEPTION: Visible alarms shall not be required where inmates or 
detainees are not allowed independent means of egress.
    807.3.2 Telephones. Telephones, where provided within cells, 
shall have volume controls complying with 704.3.

808 Courtrooms

    808.1 General. Courtrooms shall comply with 808.
    808.2 Turning Space. Where provided, areas that are raised or 
depressed and accessed by ramps or platform lifts with entry ramps 
shall provide unobstructed turning space complying with 304.
    808.3 Clear Floor Space. Each jury box and witness stand shall 
have, within its defined area, clear floor space complying with 305.
    EXCEPTION: In alterations, wheelchair spaces are not required to 
be located within the defined area of raised jury boxes or witness 
stands and shall be permitted to be located outside these spaces 
where ramp or platform lift access poses a hazard by restricting or 
projecting into a means of egress required by the appropriate 
administrative authority.
    808.4 Judges' Benches and Courtroom Stations. Judges' benches, 
clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, court 
reporters' stations and litigants' and counsel stations shall comply 
with 902.

809 Residential Dwelling Units

    809.1 General. Residential dwelling units shall comply with 809. 
Residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features 
shall comply with 809.2 through 809.4. Residential dwelling units 
required to provide communication features shall comply with 809.5.
    809.2 Accessible Routes. Accessible routes complying with 
Chapter 4 shall be provided within residential dwelling units in 
accordance with 809.2.
    EXCEPTION: Accessible routes shall not be required to or within 
unfinished attics or unfinished basements.
    809.2.1 Location. At least one accessible route shall connect 
all spaces and elements which are a part of the residential dwelling 
unit. Where only one accessible route is provided, it shall not pass 
through bathrooms, closets, or similar spaces.
    809.2.2 Turning Space. All rooms served by an accessible route 
shall provide a turning space complying with 304.
    EXCEPTION: Turning space shall not be required in exterior 
spaces 30 inches (760 mm) maximum in depth or width.
    809.3 Kitchen. Where a kitchen is provided, it shall comply with 
804.
    809.4 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities. At least one 
bathroom shall comply with 603. No fewer than one of each type of 
fixture provided shall comply with applicable requirements of 603 
through 610. Toilet and bathing fixtures required to comply with 603 
through 610 shall be located in the same toilet and bathing area, 
such that travel between fixtures does not require travel between 
other parts of residential dwelling unit.
    809.5 Residential Dwelling Units with Communication Features. 
Residential dwelling units required to provide communication 
features shall comply with 809.5.
    809.5.1 Building Fire Alarm System. Where a building fire alarm 
system is provided, the system wiring shall be extended to a point 
within the residential dwelling unit in the vicinity of the 
residential dwelling unit smoke detection system.
    809.5.1.1 Alarm Appliances. Where alarm appliances are provided 
within a residential dwelling unit as part of the building fire 
alarm system, they shall comply with 702.
    809.5.1.2 Activation. All visible alarm appliances provided 
within the residential dwelling unit for building fire alarm 
notification shall be activated upon activation of the building fire 
alarm in the portion of the building containing the residential 
dwelling unit.
    809.5.2 Residential Dwelling Unit Smoke Detection System. 
Residential dwelling unit smoke detection systems shall comply with 
NFPA 72 (1999 or 2002 edition) (incorporated by reference, see 
Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1).

[[Page 59543]]

    809.5.2.1 Activation. All visible alarm appliances provided 
within the residential dwelling unit for smoke detection 
notification shall be activated upon smoke detection.
    809.5.3 Interconnection. The same visible alarm appliances shall 
be permitted to provide notification of residential dwelling unit 
smoke detection and building fire alarm activation.
    809.5.4 Prohibited Use. Visible alarm appliances used to 
indicate residential dwelling unit smoke detection or building fire 
alarm activation shall not be used for any other purpose within the 
residential dwelling unit.
    809.5.5 Residential Dwelling Unit Primary Entrance. 
Communication features shall be provided at the residential dwelling 
unit primary entrance complying with 809.5.5.
    809.5.5.1 Notification. A hardwired electric doorbell shall be 
provided. A button or switch shall be provided outside the 
residential dwelling unit primary entrance. Activation of the button 
or switch shall initiate an audible tone and visible signal within 
the residential dwelling unit. Where visible doorbell signals are 
located in sleeping areas, they shall have controls to deactivate 
the signal.
    809.5.5.2 Identification. A means for visually identifying a 
visitor without opening the residential dwelling unit entry door 
shall be provided and shall allow for a minimum 180 degree range of 
view.
    809.5.6 Site, Building, or Floor Entrance. Where a system, 
including a closed-circuit system, permitting voice communication 
between a visitor and the occupant of the residential dwelling unit 
is provided, the system shall comply with 708.4.

810 Transportation Facilities

    810.1 General. Transportation facilities shall comply with 810.
    810.2 Bus Boarding and Alighting Areas. Bus boarding and 
alighting areas shall comply with 810.2.
    810.2.1 Surface. Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall 
have a firm, stable surface.
    810.2.2 Dimensions. Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall 
provide a clear length of 96 inches (2440 mm) minimum, measured 
perpendicular to the curb or vehicle roadway edge, and a clear width 
of 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum, measured parallel to the vehicle 
roadway.
    810.2.3 Connection. Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall 
be connected to streets, sidewalks, or pedestrian paths by an 
accessible route complying with 402.
    810.2.4 Slope. Parallel to the roadway, the slope of the bus 
stop boarding and alighting area shall be the same as the roadway, 
to the maximum extent practicable. Perpendicular to the roadway, the 
slope of the bus stop boarding and alighting area shall not be 
steeper than 1:48.
    810.3 Bus Shelters. Bus shelters shall provide a minimum clear 
floor or ground space complying with 305 entirely within the 
shelter. Bus shelters shall be connected by an accessible route 
complying with 402 to a boarding and alighting area complying with 
810.2.
    810.4 Bus Signs. Bus route identification signs shall comply 
with 703.5.1 through 703.5.4, and 703.5.7 and 703.5.8. In addition, 
to the maximum extent practicable, bus route identification signs 
shall comply with 703.5.5.
    EXCEPTION: Bus schedules, timetables and maps that are posted at 
the bus stop or bus bay shall not be required to comply.
    810.5 Rail Platforms. Rail platforms shall comply with 810.5.
    810.5.1 Slope. Rail platforms shall not exceed a slope of 1:48 
in all directions.
    EXCEPTION: Where platforms serve vehicles operating on existing 
track or track laid in existing roadway, the slope of the platform 
parallel to the track shall be permitted to be equal to the slope 
(grade) of the roadway or existing track.
    810.5.2 Detectable Warnings. Platform boarding edges not 
protected by platform screens or guards shall have detectable 
warnings complying with 705 along the full length of the public use 
area of the platform.
    810.5.3 Platform and Vehicle Floor Coordination. Station 
platforms shall be positioned to coordinate with vehicles in 
accordance with the applicable requirements of 36 CFR Part 1192. 
Low-level platforms shall be 8 inches (205 mm) minimum above top of 
rail.
    EXCEPTION: Where vehicles are boarded from sidewalks or street-
level, low-level platforms shall be permitted to be less than 8 
inches (205 mm).
    810.6 Rail Station Signs. Rail station signs shall comply with 
810.6.
    EXCEPTION. Signs shall not be required to comply with 810.6.1 
and 810.6.2 where audible signs are remotely transmitted to hand-
held receivers, or are user- or proximity-actuated.
    810.6.1 Entrances. Where signs identify a station or its 
entrance, at least one sign at each entrance shall comply with 703.2 
and shall be placed in uniform locations to the maximum extent 
practicable. Where signs identify a station that has no defined 
entrance, at least one sign shall comply with 703.2 and shall be 
placed in a central location.
    810.6.2 Routes and Destinations. Lists of stations, routes and 
destinations served by the station which are located on boarding 
areas, platforms, or mezzanines shall comply with 703.5. At least 
one tactile sign identifying the specific station and complying with 
703.2 shall be provided on each platform or boarding area. Signs 
covered by this requirement shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable, be placed in uniform locations within the system.
    EXCEPTION: Where sign space is limited, characters shall not be 
required to exceed 3 inches (75 mm).
    810.6.3 Station Names. Stations covered by this section shall 
have identification signs complying with 703.5. Signs shall be 
clearly visible and within the sight lines of standing and sitting 
passengers from within the vehicle on both sides when not obstructed 
by another vehicle.
    810.7 Public Address Systems. Where public address systems 
convey audible information to the public, the same or equivalent 
information shall be provided in a visual format.
    810.8 Clocks. Where clocks are provided for use by the public, 
the clock face shall be uncluttered so that its elements are clearly 
visible. Hands, numerals and digits shall contrast with the 
background either light-on-dark or dark-on-light. Where clocks are 
installed overhead, numerals and digits shall comply with 703.5.
    810.9 Escalators. Where provided, escalators shall comply with 
the sections 6.1.3.5.6 and 6.1.3.6.5 of ASME A17.1 (incorporated by 
reference, see Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 1) and shall have a 
clear width of 32 inches (815 mm) minimum.
    EXCEPTION: Existing escalators in key stations shall not be 
required to comply with 810.9.
    810.10 Track Crossings. Where a circulation path serving 
boarding platforms crosses tracks, it shall comply with 402.
    EXCEPTION: Openings for wheel flanges shall be permitted to be 
2\1/2\ inches (64 mm) maximum.

811 Storage

    811.1 General. Storage shall comply with 811.
    811.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground space 
complying with 305 shall be provided.
    811.3 Height. Storage elements shall comply with at least one of 
the reach ranges specified in 308.
    811.4 Operable Parts. Operable parts shall comply with 309.

Chapter 9: Built-in Elements

901 General

    901.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 9 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces

    902.1 General. Dining surfaces and work surfaces shall comply 
with 902.2 and 902.3.
    EXCEPTION: Dining surfaces and work surfaces for children's use 
shall be permitted to comply with 902.4.
    902.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor space complying 
with 305 positioned for a forward approach shall be provided. Knee 
and toe clearance complying with 306 shall be provided.
    902.3 Height. The tops of dining surfaces and work surfaces 
shall be 28 inches (710 mm) minimum and 34 inches (865 mm) maximum 
above the finish floor or ground.
    902.4 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces for Children's Use. 
Accessible dining surfaces and work surfaces for children's use 
shall comply with 902.4.
    EXCEPTION: Dining surfaces and work surfaces that are used 
primarily by children 5 years and younger shall not be required to 
comply with 902.4 where a clear floor or ground space complying with 
305 positioned for a parallel approach is provided.
    902.4.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor space 
complying with 305 positioned for forward approach shall be 
provided. Knee and toe clearance complying with 306 shall be 
provided, except that knee clearance 24 inches (610 mm) minimum 
above the finish floor or ground shall be permitted.

[[Page 59544]]

    902.4.2 Height. The tops of tables and counters shall be 26 
inches (660 mm) minimum and 30 inches (760 mm) maximum above the 
finish floor or ground.

903 Benches

    903.1 General. Benches shall comply with 903.
    903.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear floor or ground space 
complying with 305 shall be provided and shall be positioned at the 
end of the bench seat and parallel to the short axis of the bench.
    903.3 Size. Benches shall have seats that are 42 inches (1065 
mm) long minimum and 20 inches (510 mm) deep minimum and 24 inches 
(610 mm) deep maximum.
    903.4 Back Support. The bench shall provide for back support or 
shall be affixed to a wall. Back support shall be 42 inches (1065 
mm) long minimum and shall extend from a point 2 inches (51 mm) 
maximum above the seat surface to a point 18 inches (455 mm) minimum 
above the seat surface. Back support shall be 2\1/2\ inches (64 mm) 
maximum from the rear edge of the seat measured horizontally.
    903.5 Height. The top of the bench seat surface shall be 17 
inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the 
finish floor or ground.
    903.6 Structural Strength. Allowable stresses shall not be 
exceeded for materials used when a vertical or horizontal force of 
250 pounds (1112 N) is applied at any point on the seat, fastener, 
mounting device, or supporting structure.
    903.7 Wet Locations. Where installed in wet locations, the 
surface of the seat shall be slip resistant and shall not accumulate 
water.

904 Check-Out Aisles and Sales and Service Counters

    904.1 General. Check-out aisles and sales and service counters 
shall comply with the applicable requirements of 904.
    904.2 Approach. All portions of counters required to comply with 
904 shall be located adjacent to a walking surface complying with 
403.
    904.3 Check-Out Aisles. Check-out aisles shall comply with 
904.3.
    904.3.1 Aisle. Aisles shall comply with 403.
    904.3.2 Counter. The counter surface height shall be 38 inches 
(965 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. The top of the 
counter edge protection shall be 2 inches (51 mm) maximum above the 
top of the counter surface on the aisle side of the check-out 
counter.
    904.3.3 Check Writing Surfaces. Where provided, check writing 
surfaces shall comply with 902.3.
    904.4 Sales and Service Counters. Sales counters and service 
counters shall comply with 904.4.1 or 904.4.2. The accessible 
portion of the counter top shall extend the same depth as the sales 
or service counter top.
    EXCEPTION: In alterations, when the provision of a counter 
complying with 904.4 would result in a reduction of the number of 
existing counters at work stations or a reduction of the number of 
existing mail boxes, the counter shall be permitted to have a 
portion which is 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum complying with 
904.4.1 provided that the required clear floor or ground space is 
centered on the accessible length of the counter.
    904.4.1 Parallel Approach. A portion of the counter surface that 
is 36 inches (915 mm) long minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) high 
maximum above the finish floor shall be provided. A clear floor or 
ground space complying with 305 shall be positioned for a parallel 
approach adjacent to the 36 inch (915 mm) minimum length of counter.
    EXCEPTION: Where the provided counter surface is less than 36 
inches (915 mm) long, the entire counter surface shall be 36 inches 
(915 mm) high maximum above the finish floor.
    904.4.2 Forward Approach. A portion of the counter surface that 
is 30 inches (760 mm) long minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) high 
maximum shall be provided. Knee and toe space complying with 306 
shall be provided under the counter. A clear floor or ground space 
complying with 305 shall be positioned for a forward approach to the 
counter.
    904.5 Food Service Lines. Counters in food service lines shall 
comply with 904.5.
    904.5.1 Self-Service Shelves and Dispensing Devices. Self-
service shelves and dispensing devices for tableware, dishware, 
condiments, food and beverages shall comply with 308.
    904.5.2 Tray Slides. The tops of tray slides shall be 28 inches 
(710 mm) minimum and 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the finish 
floor or ground.
    904.6 Security Glazing. Where counters or teller windows have 
security glazing to separate personnel from the public, a method to 
facilitate voice communication shall be provided. Telephone handset 
devices, if provided, shall comply with 704.3.

Chapter 10: Recreation Facilities

1001 General

    1001.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 10 shall apply where 
required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this 
document.

1002 Amusement Rides

    1002.1 General. Amusement rides shall comply with 1002.
    1002.2 Accessible Routes. Accessible routes serving amusement 
rides shall comply with Chapter 4.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In load or unload areas and on amusement rides, 
where compliance with 405.2 is not structurally or operationally 
feasible, ramp slope shall be permitted to be 1:8 maximum.
    2. In load or unload areas and on amusement rides, handrails 
provided along walking surfaces complying with 403 and required on 
ramps complying with 405 shall not be required to comply with 505 
where compliance is not structurally or operationally feasible.
    1002.3 Load and Unload Areas. A turning space complying with 
304.2 and 304.3 shall be provided in load and unload areas.
    1002.4 Wheelchair Spaces in Amusement Rides. Wheelchair spaces 
in amusement rides shall comply with 1002.4.
    1002.4.1 Floor or Ground Surface. The floor or ground surface of 
wheelchair spaces shall be stable and firm.
    1002.4.2 Slope. The floor or ground surface of wheelchair spaces 
shall have a slope not steeper than 1:48 when in the load and unload 
position.
    1002.4.3 Gaps. Floors of amusement rides with wheelchair spaces 
and floors of load and unload areas shall be coordinated so that, 
when amusement rides are at rest in the load and unload position, 
the vertical difference between the floors shall be within plus or 
minus \5/8\ inches (16 mm) and the horizontal gap shall be 3 inches 
(75 mm) maximum under normal passenger load conditions.
    EXCEPTION: Where compliance is not operationally or structurally 
feasible, ramps, bridge plates, or similar devices complying with 
the applicable requirements of 36 CFR 1192.83(c) shall be provided.
    1002.4.4 Clearances. Clearances for wheelchair spaces shall 
comply with 1002.4.4.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where provided, securement devices shall be 
permitted to overlap required clearances.
    2. Wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be mechanically or 
manually repositioned.
    3. Wheelchair spaces shall not be required to comply with 307.4.
    1002.4.4.1 Width and Length. Wheelchair spaces shall provide a 
clear width of 30 inches (760 mm) minimum and a clear length of 48 
inches (1220 mm) minimum measured to 9 inches (230 mm) minimum above 
the floor surface.
    1002.4.4.2 Side Entry. Where wheelchair spaces are entered only 
from the side, amusement rides shall be designed to permit 
sufficient maneuvering clearance for individuals using a wheelchair 
or mobility aid to enter and exit the ride.
    1002.4.4.3 Permitted Protrusions in Wheelchair Spaces. Objects 
are permitted to protrude a distance of 6 inches (150 mm) maximum 
along the front of the wheelchair space, where located 9 inches (230 
mm) minimum and 27 inches (685 mm) maximum above the floor or ground 
surface of the wheelchair space. Objects are permitted to protrude a 
distance of 25 inches (635 mm) maximum along the front of the 
wheelchair space, where located more than 27 inches (685 mm) above 
the floor or ground surface of the wheelchair space.
    1002.4.5 Ride Entry. Openings providing entry to wheelchair 
spaces on amusement rides shall be 32 inches (815 mm) minimum clear.
    1002.4.6 Approach. One side of the wheelchair space shall adjoin 
an accessible route when in the load and unload position.
    1002.4.7 Companion Seats. Where the interior width of the 
amusement ride is greater than 53 inches (1345 mm), seating is 
provided for more than one rider, and the wheelchair is not required 
to be centered within the amusement ride, a companion seat shall be 
provided for each wheelchair space.
    1002.4.7.1 Shoulder-to-Shoulder Seating. Where an amusement ride 
provides shoulder-to-shoulder seating, companion seats shall be 
shoulder-to-shoulder with the adjacent wheelchair space.

[[Page 59545]]

    EXCEPTION: Where shoulder-to-shoulder companion seating is not 
operationally or structurally feasible, compliance with this 
requirement shall be required to the maximum extent practicable.
    1002.5 Amusement Ride Seats Designed for Transfer. Amusement 
ride seats designed for transfer shall comply with 1002.5 when 
positioned for loading and unloading.
    1002.5.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground 
space complying with 305 shall be provided in the load and unload 
area adjacent to the amusement ride seats designed for transfer.
    1002.5.2 Transfer Height. The height of amusement ride seats 
designed for transfer shall be 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 24 
inches (610 mm) maximum measured from the surface of the load and 
unload area.
    1002.5.3 Transfer Entry. Where openings are provided for 
transfer to amusement ride seats, the openings shall provide 
clearance for transfer from a wheelchair or mobility aid to the 
amusement ride seat.
    1002.5.4 Wheelchair Storage Space. Wheelchair storage spaces 
complying with 305 shall be provided in or adjacent to unload areas 
for each required amusement ride seat designed for transfer and 
shall not overlap any required means of egress or accessible route.
    1002.6 Transfer Devices for Use with Amusement Rides. Transfer 
devices for use with amusement rides shall comply with 1002.6 when 
positioned for loading and unloading.
    1002.6.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground 
space complying with 305 shall be provided in the load and unload 
area adjacent to the transfer device.
    1002.6.2 Transfer Height. The height of transfer device seats 
shall be 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) maximum 
measured from the load and unload surface.
    1002.6.3 Wheelchair Storage Space. Wheelchair storage spaces 
complying with 305 shall be provided in or adjacent to unload areas 
for each required transfer device and shall not overlap any required 
means of egress or accessible route.

1003 Recreational Boating Facilities

    1003.1 General. Recreational boating facilities shall comply 
with 1003.
    1003.2 Accessible Routes. Accessible routes serving recreational 
boating facilities, including gangways and floating piers, shall 
comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by the exceptions in 
1003.2.
    1003.2.1 Boat Slips. Accessible routes serving boat slips shall 
be permitted to use the exceptions in 1003.2.1.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where an existing gangway or series of gangways 
is replaced or altered, an increase in the length of the gangway 
shall not be required to comply with 1003.2 unless required by 
202.4.
    2. Gangways shall not be required to comply with the maximum 
rise specified in 405.6.
    3. Where the total length of a gangway or series of gangways 
serving as part of a required accessible route is 80 feet (24 m) 
minimum, gangways shall not be required to comply with 405.2.
    4. Where facilities contain fewer than 25 boat slips and the 
total length of the gangway or series of gangways serving as part of 
a required accessible route is 30 feet (9145 mm) minimum, gangways 
shall not be required to comply with 405.2.
    5. Where gangways connect to transition plates, landings 
specified by 405.7 shall not be required.
    6. Where gangways and transition plates connect and are required 
to have handrails, handrail extensions shall not be required. Where 
handrail extensions are provided on gangways or transition plates, 
the handrail extensions shall not be required to be parallel with 
the ground or floor surface.
    7. The cross slope specified in 403.3 and 405.3 for gangways, 
transition plates, and floating piers that are part of accessible 
routes shall be measured in the static position.
    8. Changes in level complying with 303.3 and 303.4 shall be 
permitted on the surfaces of gangways and boat launch ramps.
    1003.2.2 Boarding Piers at Boat Launch Ramps. Accessible routes 
serving boarding piers at boat launch ramps shall be permitted to 
use the exceptions in 1003.2.2.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Accessible routes serving floating boarding piers 
shall be permitted to use Exceptions 1, 2, 5, 6, 7 and 8 in 
1003.2.1.
    2. Where the total length of the gangway or series of gangways 
serving as part of a required accessible route is 30 feet (9145 mm) 
minimum, gangways shall not be required to comply with 405.2.
    3. Where the accessible route serving a floating boarding pier 
or skid pier is located within a boat launch ramp, the portion of 
the accessible route located within the boat launch ramp shall not 
be required to comply with 405.
    1003.3 Clearances. Clearances at boat slips and on boarding 
piers at boat launch ramps shall comply with 1003.3.
    1003.3.1 Boat Slip Clearance. Boat slips shall provide clear 
pier space 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and at least as long as 
the boat slips. Each 10 feet (3050 mm) maximum of linear pier edge 
serving boat slips shall contain at least one continuous clear 
opening 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Clear pier space shall be permitted to be 36 
inches (915 mm) wide minimum for a length of 24 inches (610 mm) 
maximum, provided that multiple 36 inch (915 mm) wide segments are 
separated by segments that are 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and 
60 inches (1525 mm) long minimum.
    2. Edge protection shall be permitted at the continuous clear 
openings, provided that it is 4 inches (100 mm) high maximum and 2 
inches (51 mm) wide maximum.
    3. In existing piers, clear pier space shall be permitted to be 
located perpendicular to the boat slip and shall extend the width of 
the boat slip, where the facility has at least one boat slip 
complying with 1003.3, and further compliance with 1003.3 would 
result in a reduction in the number of boat slips available or 
result in a reduction of the widths of existing slips.
    1003.3.2 Boarding Pier Clearances. Boarding piers at boat launch 
ramps shall provide clear pier space 60 inches (1525 mm) wide 
minimum and shall extend the full length of the boarding pier. Every 
10 feet (3050 mm) maximum of linear pier edge shall contain at least 
one continuous clear opening 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. The clear pier space shall be permitted to be 36 
inches (915 mm) wide minimum for a length of 24 inches (610 mm) 
maximum provided that multiple 36 inch (915 mm) wide segments are 
separated by segments that are 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and 
60 inches (1525 mm) long minimum.
    2. Edge protection shall be permitted at the continuous clear 
openings provided that it is 4 inches (100 mm) high maximum and 2 
inches (51 mm) wide maximum.

1004 Exercise Machines and Equipment

    1004.1 Clear Floor Space. Exercise machines and equipment shall 
have a clear floor space complying with 305 positioned for transfer 
or for use by an individual seated in a wheelchair. Clear floor or 
ground spaces required at exercise machines and equipment shall be 
permitted to overlap.

1005 Fishing Piers and Platforms

    1005.1 Accessible Routes. Accessible routes serving fishing 
piers and platforms, including gangways and floating piers, shall 
comply with Chapter 4.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Accessible routes serving floating fishing piers 
and platforms shall be permitted to use Exceptions 1, 2, 5, 6, 7 and 
8 in 1003.2.1.
    2. Where the total length of the gangway or series of gangways 
serving as part of a required accessible route is 30 feet (9145 mm) 
minimum, gangways shall not be required to comply with 405.2.
    1005.2 Railings. Where provided, railings, guards, or handrails 
shall comply with 1005.2.
    1005.2.1 Height. At least 25 percent of the railings, guards, or 
handrails shall be 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the ground or 
deck surface.
    EXCEPTION: Where a guard complying with sections 1003.2.12.1 and 
1003.2.12.2 of the International Building Code (2000 edition) or 
sections 1012.2 and 1012.3 of the International Building Code (2003 
edition) (incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1) is provided, the guard shall not be required to comply 
with 1005.2.1.
    1005.2.1.1 Dispersion. Railings, guards, or handrails required 
to comply with 1005.2.1 shall be dispersed throughout the fishing 
pier or platform.
    1005.3 Edge Protection. Where railings, guards, or handrails 
complying with 1005.2 are provided, edge protection complying with 
1005.3.1 or 1005.3.2 shall be provided.
    1005.3.1 Curb or Barrier. Curbs or barriers shall extend 2 
inches (51 mm) minimum above the surface of the fishing pier or 
platform.
    1005.3.2 Extended Ground or Deck Surface. The ground or deck 
surface shall extend 12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the inside 
face of the railing. Toe clearance shall be provided and shall be 30 
inches (760 mm) wide minimum and 9 inches (230 mm)

[[Page 59546]]

minimum above the ground or deck surface beyond the railing.
    1005.4 Clear Floor or Ground Space. At each location where there 
are railings, guards, or handrails complying with 1005.2.1, a clear 
floor or ground space complying with 305 shall be provided. Where 
there are no railings, guards, or handrails, at least one clear 
floor or ground space complying with 305 shall be provided on the 
fishing pier or platform.
    1005.5 Turning Space. At least one turning space complying with 
304.3 shall be provided on fishing piers and platforms.

1006 Golf Facilities

    1006.1 General. Golf facilities shall comply with 1006.
    1006.2 Accessible Routes. Accessible routes serving teeing 
grounds, practice teeing grounds, putting greens, practice putting 
greens, teeing stations at driving ranges, course weather shelters, 
golf car rental areas, bag drop areas, and course toilet rooms shall 
comply with Chapter 4 and shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) wide minimum. 
Where handrails are provided, accessible routes shall be 60 inches 
(1525 mm) wide minimum.
    EXCEPTION: Handrails shall not be required on golf courses. 
Where handrails are provided on golf courses, the handrails shall 
not be required to comply with 505.
    1006.3 Golf Car Passages. Golf car passages shall comply with 
1006.3.
    1006.3.1 Clear Width. The clear width of golf car passages shall 
be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum.
    1006.3.2 Barriers. Where curbs or other constructed barriers 
prevent golf cars from entering a fairway, openings 60 inches (1525 
mm) wide minimum shall be provided at intervals not to exceed 75 
yards (69 m).
    1006.4 Weather Shelters. A clear floor or ground space 60 inches 
(1525 mm) minimum by 96 inches (2440 mm) minimum shall be provided 
within weather shelters.

1007 Miniature Golf Facilities

    1007.1 General. Miniature golf facilities shall comply with 
1007.
    1007.2 Accessible Routes. Accessible routes serving holes on 
miniature golf courses shall comply with Chapter 4. Accessible 
routes located on playing surfaces of miniature golf holes shall be 
permitted to use the exceptions in 1007.2.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Playing surfaces shall not be required to comply 
with 302.2.
    2. Where accessible routes intersect playing surfaces of holes, 
a 1 inch (25 mm) maximum curb shall be permitted for a width of 32 
inches (815 mm) minimum.
    3. A slope not steeper than 1:4 for a 4 inch (100 mm) maximum 
rise shall be permitted.
    4. Ramp landing slopes specified by 405.7.1 shall be permitted 
to be 1:20 maximum.
    5. Ramp landing length specified by 405.7.3 shall be permitted 
to be 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum.
    6. Ramp landing size specified by 405.7.4 shall be permitted to 
be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.
    7. Handrails shall not be required on holes. Where handrails are 
provided on holes, the handrails shall not be required to comply 
with 505.
    1007.3 Miniature Golf Holes. Miniature golf holes shall comply 
with 1007.3.
    1007.3.1 Start of Play. A clear floor or ground space 48 inches 
(1220 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum with slopes not 
steeper than 1:48 shall be provided at the start of play.
    1007.3.2 Golf Club Reach Range Area. All areas within holes 
where golf balls rest shall be within 36 inches (915 mm) maximum of 
a clear floor or ground space 36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum and 48 
inches (1220 mm) long minimum having a running slope not steeper 
than 1:20. The clear floor or ground space shall be served by an 
accessible route.

1008 Play Areas

    1008.1 General. Play areas shall comply with 1008.
    1008.2 Accessible Routes. Accessible routes serving play areas 
shall comply with Chapter 4 and 1008.2 and shall be permitted to use 
the exceptions in 1008.2.1 through 1008.2.3. Where accessible routes 
serve ground level play components, the vertical clearance shall be 
80 inches high (2030 mm) minimum.
    1008.2.1 Ground Level and Elevated Play Components. Accessible 
routes serving ground level play components and elevated play 
components shall be permitted to use the exceptions in 1008.2.1.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Transfer systems complying with 1008.3 shall be 
permitted to connect elevated play components except where 20 or 
more elevated play components are provided no more than 25 percent 
of the elevated play components shall be permitted to be connected 
by transfer systems.
    2. Where transfer systems are provided, an elevated play 
component shall be permitted to connect to another elevated play 
component as part of an accessible route.
    1008.2.2 Soft Contained Play Structures. Accessible routes 
serving soft contained play structures shall be permitted to use the 
exception in 1008.2.2.
    EXCEPTION: Transfer systems complying with 1008.3 shall be 
permitted to be used as part of an accessible route.
    1008.2.3 Water Play Components. Accessible routes serving water 
play components shall be permitted to use the exceptions in 
1008.2.3.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where the surface of the accessible route, clear 
floor or ground spaces, or turning spaces serving water play 
components is submerged, compliance with 302, 403.3, 405.2, 405.3, 
and 1008.2.6 shall not be required.
    2. Transfer systems complying with 1008.3 shall be permitted to 
connect elevated play components in water.
    1008.2.4 Clear Width. Accessible routes connecting play 
components shall provide a clear width complying with 1008.2.4.
    1008.2.4.1 Ground Level. At ground level, the clear width of 
accessible routes shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In play areas less than 1000 square feet (93 
m\2\), the clear width of accessible routes shall be permitted to be 
44 inches (1120 mm) minimum, if at least one turning space complying 
with 304.3 is provided where the restricted accessible route exceeds 
30 feet (9145 mm) in length.
    2. The clear width of accessible routes shall be permitted to be 
36 inches (915 mm) minimum for a distance of 60 inches (1525 mm) 
maximum provided that multiple reduced width segments are separated 
by segments that are 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and 60 inches 
(1525 mm) long minimum.
    1008.2.4.2 Elevated. The clear width of accessible routes 
connecting elevated play components shall be 36 inches (915 mm) 
minimum.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. The clear width of accessible routes connecting 
elevated play components shall be permitted to be reduced to 32 
inches (815 mm) minimum for a distance of 24 inches (610 mm) maximum 
provided that reduced width segments are separated by segments that 
are 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) wide 
minimum.
    2. The clear width of transfer systems connecting elevated play 
components shall be permitted to be 24 inches (610 mm) minimum.
    1008.2.5 Ramps. Within play areas, ramps connecting ground level 
play components and ramps connecting elevated play components shall 
comply with 1008.2.5.
    1008.2.5.1 Ground Level. Ramp runs connecting ground level play 
components shall have a running slope not steeper than 1:16.
    1008.2.5.2 Elevated. The rise for any ramp run connecting 
elevated play components shall be 12 inches (305 mm) maximum.
    1008.2.5.3 Handrails. Where required on ramps serving play 
components, the handrails shall comply with 505 except as modified 
by 1008.2.5.3.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Handrails shall not be required on ramps located 
within ground level use zones.
    2. Handrail extensions shall not be required.
    1008.2.5.3.1 Handrail Gripping Surfaces. Handrail gripping 
surfaces with a circular cross section shall have an outside 
diameter of 0.95 inch (24 mm) minimum and 1.55 inches (39 mm) 
maximum. Where the shape of the gripping surface is non-circular, 
the handrail shall provide an equivalent gripping surface.
    1008.2.5.3.2 Handrail Height. The top of handrail gripping 
surfaces shall be 20 inches (510 mm) minimum and 28 inches (710 mm) 
maximum above the ramp surface.
    1008.2.6 Ground Surfaces. Ground surfaces on accessible routes, 
clear floor or ground spaces, and turning spaces shall comply with 
1008.2.6.
    1008.2.6.1 Accessibility. Ground surfaces shall comply with ASTM 
F1951 (incorporated by reference, see Referenced Standards'' in 
Chapter 1). Ground surfaces shall be inspected and maintained 
regularly and frequently to ensure continued compliance with ASTM 
F1951.
    1008.2.6.2 Use Zones. Ground surfaces located within use zones 
shall comply with ASTM F1292 (1999 edition or 2004 edition) 
(incorporated by reference, see ``Referenced Standards'' in Chapter 
1).

[[Page 59547]]

    1008.3 Transfer Systems. Where transfer systems are provided to 
connect to elevated play components, transfer systems shall comply 
with 1008.3.
    1008.3.1 Transfer Platforms. Transfer platforms shall be 
provided where transfer is intended from wheelchairs or other 
mobility aids. Transfer platforms shall comply with 1008.3.1.
    1008.3.1.1 Size. Transfer platforms shall have level surfaces 14 
inches (355 mm) deep minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) wide minimum.
    1008.3.1.2 Height. The height of transfer platforms shall be 11 
inches (280 mm) minimum and 18 inches (455 mm) maximum measured to 
the top of the surface from the ground or floor surface.
    1008.3.1.3 Transfer Space. A transfer space complying with 305.2 
and 305.3 shall be provided adjacent to the transfer platform. The 
48 inch (1220 mm) long minimum dimension of the transfer space shall 
be centered on and parallel to the 24 inch (610 mm) long minimum 
side of the transfer platform. The side of the transfer platform 
serving the transfer space shall be unobstructed.
    1008.3.1.4 Transfer Supports. At least one means of support for 
transferring shall be provided.
    1008.3.2 Transfer Steps. Transfer steps shall be provided where 
movement is intended from transfer platforms to levels with elevated 
play components required to be on accessible routes. Transfer steps 
shall comply with 1008.3.2.
    1008.3.2.1 Size. Transfer steps shall have level surfaces 14 
inches (355 mm) deep minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) wide minimum.
    1008.3.2.2 Height. Each transfer step shall be 8 inches (205 mm) 
high maximum.
    1008.3.2.3 Transfer Supports. At least one means of support for 
transferring shall be provided.
    1008.4 Play Components. Ground level play components on 
accessible routes and elevated play components connected by ramps 
shall comply with 1008.4.
    1008.4.1 Turning Space. At least one turning space complying 
with 304 shall be provided on the same level as play components. 
Where swings are provided, the turning space shall be located 
immediately adjacent to the swing.
    1008.4.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear floor or ground 
space complying with 305.2 and 305.3 shall be provided at play 
components.
    1008.4.3 Play Tables. Where play tables are provided, knee 
clearance 24 inches (610 mm) high minimum, 17 inches deep (430 mm) 
minimum, and 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum shall be provided. The 
tops of rims, curbs, or other obstructions shall be 31 inches (785 
mm) high maximum.
    EXCEPTION: Play tables designed and constructed primarily for 
children 5 years and younger shall not be required to provide knee 
clearance where the clear floor or ground space required by 1008.4.2 
is arranged for a parallel approach.
    1008.4.4 Entry Points and Seats. Where play components require 
transfer to entry points or seats, the entry points or seats shall 
be 11 inches (280 mm) minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from 
the clear floor or ground space.
    EXCEPTION: Entry points of slides shall not be required to 
comply with 1008.4.4.
    1008.4.5 Transfer Supports. Where play components require 
transfer to entry points or seats, at least one means of support for 
transferring shall be provided.

1009 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas

    1009.1 General. Where provided, pool lifts, sloped entries, 
transfer walls, transfer systems, and pool stairs shall comply with 
1009.
    1009.2 Pool Lifts. Pool lifts shall comply with 1009.2.
    1009.2.1 Pool Lift Location. Pool lifts shall be located where 
the water level does not exceed 48 inches (1220 mm).
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where the entire pool depth is greater than 48 
inches (1220 mm), compliance with 1009.2.1 shall not be required.
    2. Where multiple pool lift locations are provided, no more than 
one pool lift shall be required to be located in an area where the 
water level is 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum.
    1009.2.2 Seat Location. In the raised position, the centerline 
of the seat shall be located over the deck and 16 inches (405 mm) 
minimum from the edge of the pool. The deck surface between the 
centerline of the seat and the pool edge shall have a slope not 
steeper than 1:48.
    1009.2.3 Clear Deck Space. On the side of the seat opposite the 
water, a clear deck space shall be provided parallel with the seat. 
The space shall be 36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum and shall extend 
forward 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum from a line located 12 inches 
(305 mm) behind the rear edge of the seat. The clear deck space 
shall have a slope not steeper than 1:48.
    1009.2.4 Seat Height. The height of the lift seat shall be 
designed to allow a stop at 16 inches (405 mm) minimum to 19 inches 
(485 mm) maximum measured from the deck to the top of the seat 
surface when in the raised (load) position.
    1009.2.5 Seat Width. The seat shall be 16 inches (405 mm) wide 
minimum.
    1009.2.6 Footrests and Armrests. Footrests shall be provided and 
shall move with the seat. If provided, the armrest positioned 
opposite the water shall be removable or shall fold clear of the 
seat when the seat is in the raised (load) position.
    EXCEPTION: Footrests shall not be required on pool lifts 
provided in spas.
    1009.2.7 Operation. The lift shall be capable of unassisted 
operation from both the deck and water levels. Controls and 
operating mechanisms shall be unobstructed when the lift is in use 
and shall comply with 309.4.
    1009.2.8 Submerged Depth. The lift shall be designed so that the 
seat will submerge to a water depth of 18 inches (455 mm) minimum 
below the stationary water level.
    1009.2.9 Lifting Capacity. Single person pool lifts shall have a 
weight capacity of 300 pounds. (136 kg) minimum and be capable of 
sustaining a static load of at least one and a half times the rated 
load.
    1009.3 Sloped Entries. Sloped entries shall comply with 1009.3.
    1009.3.1 Sloped Entries. Sloped entries shall comply with 
Chapter 4 except as modified in 1109.3.1 through 1109.3.3.
    EXCEPTION: Where sloped entries are provided, the surfaces shall 
not be required to be slip resistant.
    1009.3.2 Submerged Depth. Sloped entries shall extend to a depth 
of 24 inches (610 mm) minimum and 30 inches (760 mm) maximum below 
the stationary water level. Where landings are required by 405.7, at 
least one landing shall be located 24 inches (610 mm) minimum and 30 
inches (760 mm) maximum below the stationary water level.
    EXCEPTION: In wading pools, the sloped entry and landings, if 
provided, shall extend to the deepest part of the wading pool.
    1009.3.3 Handrails. At least two handrails complying with 505 
shall be provided on the sloped entry. The clear width between 
required handrails shall be 33 inches (840 mm) minimum and 38 inches 
(965 mm) maximum.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Handrail extensions specified by 505.10.1 shall 
not be required at the bottom landing serving a sloped entry.
    2. Where a sloped entry is provided for wave action pools, 
leisure rivers, sand bottom pools, and other pools where user access 
is limited to one area, the handrails shall not be required to 
comply with the clear width requirements of 1009.3.3.
    3. Sloped entries in wading pools shall not be required to 
provide handrails complying with 1009.3.3. If provided, handrails on 
sloped entries in wading pools shall not be required to comply with 
505.
    1009.4 Transfer Walls. Transfer walls shall comply with 1009.4.
    1009.4.1 Clear Deck Space. A clear deck space of 60 inches (1525 
mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum with a slope not steeper 
than 1:48 shall be provided at the base of the transfer wall. Where 
one grab bar is provided, the clear deck space shall be centered on 
the grab bar. Where two grab bars are provided, the clear deck space 
shall be centered on the clearance between the grab bars.
    1009.4.2 Height. The height of the transfer wall shall be 16 
inches (405 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum measured from 
the deck.
    1009.4.3 Wall Depth and Length. The depth of the transfer wall 
shall be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum. 
The length of the transfer wall shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum 
and shall be centered on the clear deck space.
    1009.4.4 Surface. Surfaces of transfer walls shall not be sharp 
and shall have rounded edges.
    1009.4.5 Grab Bars. At least one grab bar complying with 609 
shall be provided on the transfer wall. Grab bars shall be 
perpendicular to the pool wall and shall extend the full depth of 
the transfer wall. The top of the gripping surface shall be 4 inches 
(100 mm) minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) maximum above transfer walls. 
Where one grab bar is provided, clearance shall be 24 inches (610 
mm) minimum on both sides of the grab bar. Where two grab bars are 
provided, clearance between grab bars shall be 24 inches (610 mm) 
minimum.

[[Page 59548]]

    EXCEPTION: Grab bars on transfer walls shall not be required to 
comply with 609.4.
    1009.5 Transfer Systems. Transfer systems shall comply with 
1009.5.
    1009.5.1 Transfer Platform. A transfer platform shall be 
provided at the head of each transfer system. Transfer platforms 
shall provide 19 inches (485 mm) minimum clear depth and 24 inches 
(610 mm) minimum clear width.
    1009.5.2 Transfer Space. A transfer space of 60 inches (1525 mm) 
minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum with a slope not steeper than 
1:48 shall be provided at the base of the transfer platform surface 
and shall be centered along a 24 inch (610 mm) minimum side of the 
transfer platform. The side of the transfer platform serving the 
transfer space shall be unobstructed.
    1009.5.3 Height. The height of the transfer platform shall 
comply with 1009.4.2.
    1009.5.4 Transfer Steps. Transfer step height shall be 8 inches 
(205 mm) maximum. The surface of the bottom tread shall extend to a 
water depth of 18 inches (455 mm) minimum below the stationary water 
level.
    1009.5.5 Surface. The surface of the transfer system shall not 
be sharp and shall have rounded edges.
    1009.5.6 Size. Each transfer step shall have a tread clear depth 
of 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 17 inches (430 mm) maximum and 
shall have a tread clear width of 24 inches (610 mm) minimum.
    1009.5.7 Grab Bars. At least one grab bar on each transfer step 
and the transfer platform or a continuous grab bar serving each 
transfer step and the transfer platform shall be provided. Where a 
grab bar is provided on each step, the tops of gripping surfaces 
shall be 4 inches (100 mm) minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) maximum 
above each step and transfer platform. Where a continuous grab bar 
is provided, the top of the gripping surface shall be 4 inches (100 
mm) minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) maximum above the step nosing and 
transfer platform. Grab bars shall comply with 609 and be located on 
at least one side of the transfer system. The grab bar located at 
the transfer platform shall not obstruct transfer.
    EXCEPTION: Grab bars on transfer systems shall not be required 
to comply with 609.4.
    1009.6 Pool Stairs. Pool stairs shall comply with 1009.6.
    1009.6.1 Pool Stairs. Pool stairs shall comply with 504.
    EXCEPTION: Pool step riser heights shall not be required to be 4 
inches (100 mm) high minimum and 7 inches (180 mm) high maximum 
provided that riser heights are uniform.
    1009.6.2 Handrails. The width between handrails shall be 20 
inches (510 mm) minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) maximum. Handrail 
extensions required by 505.10.3 shall not be required on pool 
stairs.

1010 Shooting Facilities With Firing Positions

    1010.1 Turning Space. A circular turning space 60 inches (1525 
mm) diameter minimum with slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be 
provided at shooting facilities with firing positions.

1011 Outdoor Constructed Features

    1011.1 General. All outdoor constructed features shall comply 
with 1011.2 and 1011.3. Outdoor constructed features specified in 
1011.4 through 1011.8 shall comply with those provisions, as 
applicable.
    1011.2 Clear Ground Space. A clear ground space complying with 
1011.2 shall be provided at outdoor constructed features.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where individual outdoor constructed features are 
altered and the ground surface is not altered, the clear ground 
space shall not be required to comply with 1011.2.2 and 1011.2.3.
    2. In alterations, when an entity determines that a condition in 
1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific provision in 
1011.2, the clear ground space shall comply with the provision to 
the extent practicable.
    1011.2.1 Size and Location. The size and location of the clear 
ground space shall be in accordance with Table 1011.2.1. Unless 
otherwise specified in Table 1011.2.1, one full unobstructed side of 
the clear ground space shall adjoin or overlap an outdoor recreation 
access route or a trail, as applicable, or another clear ground 
space.

                   Table 1011.2.1--Clear Ground Space
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Outdoor constructed feature           Minimum size and location
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Picnic tables................  36 inches (915 mm) on all usable sides of
                                the table measured from the back edge of
                                the benches.
Fire rings, grills,            48 inches (1220 mm) by 48 inches (1220
 fireplaces, and woodstoves.    mm) on all usable sides of the fire
                                ring, grill, fireplace, and woodstove
                               Center the space on each usable side of
                                the grill, fireplace, and woodstove.
Trash and recycling            36 inches (915 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm)
 receptacles.                   positioned for forward approach to the
                                receptacle opening; or 30 inches (760
                                mm) by 60 inches (1525 mm) positioned
                                for a parallel approach to the
                                receptacle opening.
Water hydrants...............  72 inches (1830 mm) by 48 inches (1220
                                mm) with the long side of the space
                                adjoining or overlapping an outdoor
                                recreation access route or trail, as
                                applicable, or another clear ground
                                space.
                               Locate the space so that the water spout
                                is 11 inches (280 mm) minimum and 12
                                inches (305 mm) maximum from the rear
                                center of the long side of the space.
Utility and sewage hookups...  30 inches (760 mm) by 60 inches (1525 mm)
                                with the long side of the space
                                adjoining or overlapping an accessible
                                parking space or pull-up space for
                                recreational vehicles.
                               Locate the space so that the hook-ups are
                                at the rear center of the space.
                               Bollards or other barriers shall not
                                obstruct the clear ground space in front
                                of the hook-ups.
Outdoor rinsing showers......  60 inches (1525 mm) by 60 inches (1525
                                mm) centered on the shower heads.
                               Locate the space so that the shower
                                pedestal or wall with the shower head
                                are at the rear end of the space.
Benches......................  36 inches (915 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm)
                                positioned near the bench with one side
                                of the space adjoining an outdoor
                                recreation access route or trail, as
                                applicable.
                               The clear ground space shall not overlap
                                the outdoor recreation access route or
                                trail, or another clear ground space.
Viewing Scopes...............  36 inches (915 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm)
                                positioned for forward approach to the
                                viewing scope.
                               Provide knee and toe clearance complying
                                with 306 under the viewing scope.
                               Locate the space so that the eyepiece is
                                centered on the space.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1011.2.2 Surface. The surface of the clear ground space shall be 
firm and stable.
    1011.2.3 Slope. The slope of the clear ground space surface 
shall not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.
    1011.2.4 Openings. Openings in the clear ground space surface 
shall not allow the passage of a sphere more than \1/2\ inch (13 mm) 
in diameter.
    1011.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts shall comply with 309.3 
and 309.4.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. Fire rings, grills, fireplaces, wood stoves, 
water hydrants, and water utility hookups shall comply with 309.4 to 
the extent practicable.
    2. Trash and recycling receptacles with hinged lids and controls 
to keep out large animals shall comply with 309.4 to the extent 
practicable.
    3. Dumpster type trash and recycling receptacles shall not be 
required to comply with 309.3 and 309.4.
    4. Sewage hatches shall not be required to comply with 309.3 and 
309.4.
    1011.4 Picnic Tables. Picnic tables shall comply with 1011.4.
    1011.4.1 Height. The tops of picnic tables shall comply with 
902.3.

[[Page 59549]]

    1011.4.2 Wheelchair Space. Picnic tables shall provide at least 
one wheelchair space for each 24 linear feet (7320 mm) of usable 
table surface perimeter. Wheelchair spaces shall be 30 inches (760 
mm) minimum by 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum. Wheelchair spaces shall 
be positioned for a forward approach to the table and provide knee 
and toe clearance complying with 306 under the table.
    1011.5 Fire Rings, Grills, Fireplaces, and Wood Stoves. Fire 
rings, grills, fireplaces, and wood stoves shall comply with 1011.5.
    1011.5.1 Fire Building Surfaces. Fire building surfaces shall be 
9 inches (230 mm) minimum above the ground.
    1011.5.2 Cooking Surfaces. Where provided, cooking surfaces 
shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 34 inches (865 mm) maximum 
above the ground.
    1011.5.3 Raised Edges or Walls. Where fire rings, grills, or 
fireplaces are constructed with raised edges or walls, the depth of 
the raised edge or wall shall be 10 inches (255 mm) maximum.
    1011.6 Water Spouts. Water spouts at water hydrants and water 
utility hook-ups shall be 28 inches (710 mm) minimum and 36 inches 
(915 mm) maximum above the ground.
    1011.7 Outdoor Rinsing Showers. Outdoor rinsing showers shall 
provide at least one hand-held shower spray unit with a hose 59 
inches (1500 mm) long minimum. The hand-held shower spray unit shall 
have at least one fixed position located 15 inches minimum (380 mm) 
and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the ground.
    EXCEPTION: Where vandalism is a consideration, a fixed shower 
head located at 48 in (1220 mm) above the ground shall be permitted 
in place of a hand-held shower spray unit.
    1011.8 Viewing Scopes. Eyepieces on viewing scopes shall be 43 
inches (1090 mm) minimum and 51 inches (1295 mm) maximum above the 
ground.

1012 Parking Spaces Within Camping Units and Picnic Units and Pull-up 
Spaces at Dump Stations

    1012.1 General. Parking spaces within camping units and picnic 
units with mobility features and pull-up spaces for recreational 
vehicles at dump stations shall comply with 1012.
    1012.2 Recreational Vehicles. Parking spaces and pull-up spaces 
for recreational vehicles shall be 20 feet (6100 mm) wide minimum.
    EXCEPTION: Where two adjacent parking spaces are provided for 
recreational vehicles, one parking space shall be permitted to be 16 
feet (4880 mm) wide minimum.
    1012.3 Other Vehicles. Parking spaces for vehicles, other than 
recreational vehicles, shall be 16 feet (4880 mm) wide minimum.
    EXCEPTION: Where two adjacent parking spaces are provided for 
vehicles, other than recreational vehicles, one parking space shall 
be permitted to be 8 feet (2440 mm) wide minimum.
    1012.4 Surface. The surface of parking spaces and pull-up spaces 
shall be firm and stable.
    1012.5 Slope. The slope of the surface of parking spaces and 
pull-up spaces shall not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.

1013 Tent Pads and Tent Platforms

    1013.1 General. Tent pads and tent platforms shall comply with 
1013.
    EXCEPTION: When an entity determines that a condition in 1019 
does not permit full compliance with a specific provision in 1013, 
the tent pad and tent platform shall comply with the provision to 
the extent practicable.
    1013.2 Clear Ground Space. Clear ground space complying with 
1013.2 shall be provided on all usable sides of tent pads and tent 
platforms.
    1013.2.1 Size. The clear ground space shall be 48 inches (1220 
mm) wide minimum.
    1013.2.2 Surface. The surface of the clear ground space shall be 
firm and stable. The surface shall allow use of tent stakes and 
other tent securement devices.
    1013.3 Slope. The slope of the surface of tent pads, tent 
platforms, and clear ground spaces shall not be steeper than 1:48 in 
any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted where 
necessary for drainage.
    1013.4 Height. Tent platforms shall be 19 inches (485 mm) high 
maximum measured from the clear ground space to the tent platform 
surface.

1014 Camp Shelters

    1014.1 General. Camp shelters shall comply with 1014.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. When an entity determines that a condition in 
1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific provision in 
1014, the camp shelter shall comply with the provision to the extent 
practicable.
    2. Camp shelters shall not be required to comply with 307.
    1014.2 Entrance. Camp shelters shall provide an entrance 
complying with 1014.2.1 or 1014.2.2.
    1014.2.1 Transfer Access. Where transfer access is provided at 
the entrance to a camp shelter, the entrance shall comply with 
1014.2.1.
    1014.2.1.1 Clear Ground Space. A clear ground space shall be 
provided at the entrance to the camp shelter. The clear ground space 
shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum by 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum 
and shall be positioned for a parallel approach to the camp shelter. 
One full unobstructed side of the clear ground space shall adjoin or 
overlap an outdoor recreation access route or trail, as applicable, 
or another clear ground space.
    1014.2.1.1.1 Surface. The surface of the clear ground space 
shall be firm and stable.
    1014.2.1.1.2 Slope. The slope of the surface of the clear ground 
space shall not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted where 
necessary for drainage.
    1014.2.1.2 Floor Height. The camp shelter floor at the entrance 
shall be 19 inches (485 mm) high maximum measured from the clear 
ground space.
    1014.2.2 Roll-in Access. Where roll-in access is provided at the 
entrance to a camp shelter, the entrance shall comply with 1014.2.2.
    1014.2.2.1 Level or Sloped Entry Route. Camp shelters providing 
roll-in access shall have a level or sloped entry route complying 
1016 or 1017, as applicable.
    1014.2.2.2 Turning Space. A turning space complying with 304.3 
shall be provided within the camp shelter.
    1014.3 Floor. The floor within camp shelters shall comply with 
1014.3.
    1014.3.1 Surface. The floor surface shall be firm and stable.
    1014.3.2 Slope. The slope of the floor surface shall not be 
steeper than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the floor surface is other than asphalt, 
concrete, or boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted 
when necessary for drainage.

1015 Viewing Areas

    1015.1 General. Viewing areas shall comply with 1015.
    EXCEPTION: In alterations, when an entity determines that a 
condition in 1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific 
provision in 1015, the viewing area shall comply with the provision 
to the extent practicable.
    1015.2 Clear Ground Space. A clear ground space shall be 
provided at each distinct viewing location. The clear ground space 
shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum by 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum 
and shall be positioned for either a forward or parallel approach to 
the viewing location. One full unobstructed side of the clear ground 
space shall adjoin or overlap an outdoor recreation access route or 
trail, as applicable, or another clear ground space.
    1015.3 Viewing Space. Each distinct viewing location shall 
provide a viewing space adjacent to the clear ground space required 
by 1015.2 through which the point of interest is viewable. The 
viewing space shall be 32 inches (815 mm) maximum and 51 inches 
(1295 mm) minimum high above the ground and shall extend the full 
width of the clear ground space.
    EXCEPTION: Guards or similar safety barriers shall be permitted 
to obstruct the viewing space to the extent the obstruction is 
necessary for the guard or safety barrier to serve its intended 
purpose.
    1015.4 Turning Space. A turning space complying with 304.3 shall 
be provided within viewing areas.
    1015.5 Surface. The surface of clear ground spaces and turning 
spaces shall be firm and stable.
    1015.6 Slope. The slope of the surface of clear ground spaces 
and turning spaces shall not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.

[[Page 59550]]

1016 Outdoor Recreation Access Routes

    1016.1 General. Outdoor recreation access routes shall comply 
with 1016.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. In alterations to existing camping facilities, 
picnic facilities, and trailheads, when an entity determines that a 
condition in 1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific 
provision in 1016 on a portion of an outdoor recreation access 
route, the portion of the outdoor recreation access route shall 
comply with the provision to the extent practicable.
    2. At viewing areas, when an entity determines that a condition 
in 1019 does not permit full compliance on a portion of an outdoor 
recreation access route with a specific provision in 1016, the 
portion of the outdoor recreation access route shall comply with the 
provision to the extent practicable.
    3. Where outdoor recreation access routes are provided within 
vehicular ways, outdoor recreation access routes shall not be 
required to comply with 1016.4, 1016.7, and 1016.8.
    1016.2 Surface. The surface of outdoor recreation access routes, 
passing spaces, and resting intervals shall be firm and stable.
    1016.3 Clear Width. The clear width of outdoor recreation access 
routes shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.
    1016.4 Passing Spaces. Outdoor recreation access routes with a 
clear width less than 60 inches (1525 mm) shall provide passing 
spaces complying with 1016.4 at intervals of 200 feet (61 m) 
maximum. Passing spaces and resting intervals shall be permitted to 
overlap.
    1016.4.1 Size. The passing space shall be either:
    1. A space 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) 
minimum; or
    2. The intersection of two outdoor recreation access routes 
providing a T-shaped space complying with 304.3.2 where the base and 
the arms of the T-shaped space extend 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum 
beyond the intersection. Vertical alignment at the intersection of 
the outdoor recreation access routes that form the T-shaped space 
shall be nominally planar.
    1016.5 Obstacles. Obstacles on outdoor recreation access routes, 
passing spaces, and resting intervals shall not exceed \1/2\ inch 
(13 mm) in height measured vertically to the highest point.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, obstacles shall be permitted to not exceed 1 inch (25 mm) in 
height measured vertically to the highest point.
    1016.6 Openings. Openings in the surface of outdoor recreation 
access routes shall not allow the passage of a sphere more than \1/
2\ inch (13 mm) in diameter.
    1016.7 Slopes. The slopes of outdoor recreation access routes 
shall comply with 1016.7.
    1016.7.1 Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length. The running 
slope of any segment of an outdoor recreation access route shall not 
be steeper than 1:10 (10%). Where the running slope of a segment of 
an outdoor recreation access route is steeper than 1:20 (5%), the 
maximum length of the segment shall be in accordance with Table 
1016.7.1, and a resting interval complying with 1016.8 shall be 
provided at the top and bottom of each segment.

        Table 1016.7.1--Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Running slope of outdoor recreation access route
                       segment
-----------------------------------------------------  Maximum length of
                                    But not steeper         segment
          Steeper than                   than
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1:20 (5%).......................  1:12 (8.33%)......  50 feet (15 m).
1:12 (8.33%)....................  1:10 (10%)........  30 feet (9 m).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1016.7.2 Cross Slope. The cross slope shall not be steeper than 
1:48.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or 
boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.
    1016.8 Resting Intervals. Resting intervals shall comply with 
1016.8.
    1016.8.1 Length. The resting interval length shall be 60 inches 
(1525 mm) long minimum.
    1016.8.2 Width. Where resting intervals are provided within an 
outdoor recreation access route, resting intervals shall be at least 
as wide as the widest segment of the outdoor recreation access route 
leading to the resting interval. Where resting intervals are 
provided adjacent to an outdoor recreation access route, the resting 
interval shall be 36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum.
    1016.8.3 Slope. Resting intervals shall have slopes not steeper 
than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or 
boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.
    1016.8.4 Turning Space. Where resting intervals are provided 
adjacent to an outdoor recreation access route, a turning space 
complying with 304.3.2 shall be provided. Vertical alignment between 
the outdoor recreation access route, turning space, and resting 
interval shall be nominally planar.
    1016.9 Protruding Objects. Constructed elements on outdoor 
recreation access routes, passing spaces, and resting intervals 
shall comply with 307.

1017 Trails

    1017.1 General. Trails shall comply with 1017.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. When an entity determines that a condition in 
1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific provision in 
1017 on a portion of a trail, the portion of the trail shall comply 
with the provision to the extent practicable.
    2. After applying Exception 1, when an entity determines that it 
is impracticable for the entire trail to comply with 1017, the trail 
shall not be required to comply with 1017.
    1017.2 Surface. The surface of trails, passing spaces, and 
resting intervals shall be firm and stable.
    1017.3 Clear Tread Width. The clear tread width of trails shall 
be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.
    1017.4 Passing Spaces. Trails with a clear tread width less than 
60 inches (1525 mm) shall provide passing spaces complying with 
1017.4 at intervals of 1000 feet (300 m) maximum. Where the full 
length of a trail does not fully comply with 1017, a passing space 
shall be located at the end of the trail segment that fully complies 
with 1017. Passing spaces and resting intervals shall be permitted 
to overlap.
    1017.4.1 Size. The passing space shall be either:
    1. A space 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) 
minimum; or
    2. The intersection of two trails providing a T-shaped space 
complying with 304.3.2 where the base and the arms of the T-shaped 
space extend 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum beyond the intersection. 
Vertical alignment at the intersection of the trails that form the 
T-shaped space shall be nominally planar.
    1017.5 Tread Obstacles. Tread obstacles on trails, passing 
spaces, and resting intervals shall not exceed \1/2\ inch (13 mm) in 
height measured vertically to the highest point.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, tread obstacles shall be permitted to not exceed 2 inches 
(50 mm) in height measured vertically to the highest point.
    1017.6 Openings. Openings in the surface of trails, passing 
spaces, and resting intervals shall not allow the passage of a 
sphere more than \1/2\ inch (13 mm) in diameter.
    1017.7 Slopes. The slopes of trails shall comply with 1017.7.
    1017.7.1 Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length. Not more than 
30 percent of the total length of a trail shall have a running slope 
steeper than 1:12 (8.33%). The running slope of any segment of a 
trail shall not be steeper than 1:8 (12%). Where the running slope 
of a segment of a trail is steeper than 1:20 (5%), the maximum 
length of the segment shall be in accordance with Table 1017.7.1, 
and a resting interval complying with 1017.8 shall be provided at 
the top and bottom of each segment.

[[Page 59551]]



        Table 1017.7.1--Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length
------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Running slope of trail segment
-----------------------------------------------------  Maximum length of
                                    But not steeper         segment
          Steeper than                   than
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1:20 (5%).......................  1:12 (8.33%)......  200 feet (61 m).
1:12 (8.33%)....................  1:10 (10%)........  30 feet (9 m).
1:10 (10%)......................  1:8 (12%).........  10 feet (3050 mm).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1017.7.2 Cross Slope. The cross slope shall be not be steeper 
than 1:48.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or 
boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.
    1017.8 Resting Intervals. Resting intervals shall comply with 
1017.8.
    1017.8.1 Length. The resting interval length shall be 60 inches 
(1525 mm) long minimum.
    1017.8.2 Width. Where resting intervals are provided within the 
trail tread, resting intervals shall be at least as wide as the 
widest segment of the trail tread leading to the resting interval. 
Where resting intervals are provided adjacent to the trail tread, 
the resting interval clear width shall be 36 inches (915 mm) 
minimum.
    1017.8.3 Slope. Resting intervals shall have slopes not steeper 
than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or 
boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.
    1017.8.4 Turning Space. Where resting intervals are provided 
adjacent to the trail tread, a turning space complying with 304.3.2 
shall be provided. Vertical alignment between the trail tread, 
turning space, and resting interval shall be nominally planar.
    1017.9 Protruding Objects. Constructed elements on trails, 
passing spaces, and resting intervals shall comply with 307.
    1017.10 Trailhead Signs. Trail information signs at trailheads 
shall include the following:
    1. Length of the trail or trail segment;
    2. Surface type;
    3. Typical and minimum tread width;
    4. Typical and maximum running slope; and
    5. Typical and maximum cross slope.

1018 Beach Access Routes

    1018.1 General. Beach access routes shall comply with 1018.
    EXCEPTIONS: 1. When an entity determines that a condition in 
1019 does not permit full compliance with a specific provision in 
1018 on a portion of a beach access route, the portion of the beach 
access route shall comply with the provision to the extent 
practicable.
    2. After applying Exception 1, when an entity determines that it 
is impracticable to provide a beach access route complying with 
1018, a beach access route shall not be required.
    3. Removable beach access routes shall not be required to comply 
with 1018.7, 1018.8, and 1018.10.
    1018.2 Connections. Beach access routes shall connect an entry 
point to the beach to the:
    1. High tide level at tidal beaches;
    2. Mean high water level at river beaches; or
    3. Normal recreation water level at lake, pond, and reservoir 
beaches.
    1018.3 Surface. The surface of beach access routes and resting 
intervals shall be firm and stable.
    1018.4 Clear Width. The clear width of beach access routes shall 
be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.
    EXCEPTION: At dune crossings, the clear width of beach access 
routes that are not removable shall be permitted to be reduced to 48 
inches (1220 mm) minimum.
    1018.5 Obstacles. Obstacles on beach access routes and resting 
intervals shall not exceed \1/2\ inch (13 mm) in height measured 
vertically to the highest point.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or 
boards, obstacles shall be permitted to not exceed 1 inch (25 mm) in 
height measured vertically to the highest point.
    1018.6 Openings. Openings in the surface of beach access routes 
and resting intervals shall not allow the passage of a sphere more 
than \1/2\ inch (13 mm) in diameter.
    1018.7 Slopes. The slopes of beach access routes shall comply 
with 1018.7.
    1018.7.1 Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length. The running 
slope of any segment of a beach access route shall not be steeper 
than 1:10 (10%). Where the running slope of a segment of a beach 
access route is steeper than 1:20 (5%), the maximum length of the 
segment shall be in accordance with Table 1018.7.1, and a resting 
interval complying with 1018.8 shall be provided at the top and 
bottom of each segment.

        Table 1018.7.1--Maximum Running Slope and Segment Length
------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Running slope of beach access route segment
-----------------------------------------------------  Maximum length of
                                    But not steeper         segment
          Steeper than                   than
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1:20 (5%).......................  1:12 (8.33%)......  50 feet (15 m).
1:12 (8.33%)....................  1:10 (10%)........  30 feet (9 m).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1018.7.2 Cross Slope. The cross slope shall not be steeper than 
1:48.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or 
boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.
    1018.8 Resting Intervals. Resting intervals shall comply with 
1018.8.
    1018.8.1 Size. Resting intervals shall be 60 inches minimum 
(1525 mm) by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.
    1018.8.2 Slope. Resting intervals shall have a slope not steeper 
than 1:48 in any direction.
    EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than concrete, asphalt, or 
boards, cross slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when 
necessary for drainage.
    1018.9 Protruding Objects. Constructed elements on beach access 
routes and resting intervals shall comply with 307.
    1018.10 Dune Crossings. Where the slope of a beach access route 
at a dune crossing is steeper than 1:20 (5%), handrails complying 
with 505 and curbs or barriers shall be provided. The curbs or 
barriers shall prevent the passage of a 2 inch (50 mm) diameter 
sphere, where any portion of the sphere is within 2 inches (50 mm) 
of the crossing surface.

1019 Conditions for Exceptions

    1019.1 General. Exceptions to specific provisions in 1011, 1013, 
1014, 1015, 1016, 1017, and 1018 shall be permitted when an entity 
determines that any of the following conditions does not permit full 
compliance with the provision:
    1. Compliance is not practicable due to terrain.
    2. Compliance cannot be accomplished with the prevailing 
construction practices.
    3. Compliance would fundamentally alter the function or purpose 
of the facility or the setting.
    4. Compliance is limited or precluded by any of the following 
laws, or by decisions or

[[Page 59552]]

opinions issued or agreements executed pursuant to any of the 
following laws:
     Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.);
     National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
seq.);
     National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 et 
seq.);
     Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.); or
     Other federal, state, or local law the purpose of which 
is to preserve threatened or endangered species; the environment; or 
archaeological, cultural, historical, or other significant natural 
features.
BILLING CODE 8150-01-P
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[[Page 59553]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR26SE13.008

APPENDIX E TO PART 1191 [Removed and Reserved]

0
8. Remove and reserve Appendix E to this part.

[FR Doc. 2013-22876 Filed 9-25-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8150-01-C