[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 189 (Monday, September 30, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 59861-59866]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-23759]


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DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS

48 CFR Part 819

RIN 2900-AM92


VA Acquisition Regulation: Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned and 
Veteran-Owned Small Business Status Protests

AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs.

ACTION: Interim final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its 
adjudication procedures for Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small 
Businesses (SDVOSB) and Veteran-Owned Small Businesses (VOSB) status 
protests, to provide that VA's Director, Center for Veterans Enterprise 
(CVE), shall initially adjudicate SDVOSB and VOSB status protests, and 
to provide that protested businesses, if they are denied status, may 
appeal to VA's Executive Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged 
Business Utilization (OSDBU). Additionally, VA amends the title of CVE 
from the Center for Veterans Enterprise to the Center for Verification 
and Evaluation, to more appropriately represent the function of this 
office.

DATES: Effective Date: This interim final rule is effective September 
30, 2013.
    Comment Date: Comments must be received on or before November 29, 
2013.

ADDRESSES: Written comments may be submitted through http://www.Regulations.gov; by mail or hand-delivery to Director, Regulation 
Policy and Management (02REG), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 
Vermont

[[Page 59862]]

Avenue NW., Room 1068, Washington, DC 20420; or by fax to (202) 273-
9026. Comments should indicate that they are submitted in response to 
``RIN 2900-AM92-VA Acquisition Regulation: Service-Disabled Veteran-
Owned and Veteran-Owned Small Business Status Protests.'' Copies of 
comments received will be available for public inspection in the Office 
of Regulation Policy and Management, Room 1068, between the hours of 
8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday (except holidays). 
Please call (202) 461-4902 for an appointment. (This is not a toll-free 
number.) In addition, during the comment period, comments are available 
online through the Federal Docket Management System at http://www.Regulations.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Cheryl Duckett-Moody, Senior 
Procurement Analysis (003A2A), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 
Vermont Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20420, (202) 632-5319. (This is not 
a toll free number.)

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In a final rule with request for comments 
published in the Federal Register on December 8, 2009 (74 FR 64619), VA 
revised 48 CFR parts 802, 804, 808, 809, 810, 813, 815, 817, 819, 828, 
and 852 to implement portions of the Veterans Benefits, Health Care, 
and Information Technology Act of 2006 and Executive Order 13360, which 
provide opportunities for SDVOSBs and VOSBs to increase their Federal 
contracting and subcontracting. VA solicited comments on an interim 
provision included in the final rule, which amended regulations 
governing SDVOSB and VOSB status protests to provide that the U.S. 
Small Business Administration (SBA) would be utilized to consider and 
decide VA SDVOSB and VOSB status protests. This required VA and SBA to 
execute an interagency agreement pursuant to the Economy Act (31 U.S.C. 
1535). Because negotiations of the interagency agreement had not been 
finalized at the time the final rule was published, the interim 
provision included in the final rule provided that VA's Executive 
Director, OSDBU, would consider and decide SDVOSB and VOSB status 
protests. This interim provision was necessary because, without an 
SDVOSB/VOSB status protest resolution process in place for acquisitions 
under this authority, performance of any contract award that was 
challenged would have been suspended and would have deprived VA and 
Veterans of necessary services and/or supplies.
    Since the issuance of the final rule with request for comments, VA 
has reconsidered reaching an interagency agreement with SBA to review 
and decide status protests and subsequently determined that SDVOSB and 
VOSB status protest adjudication shall remain within VA. Therefore, VA 
is issuing this interim final rule to remove from VA Acquisition 
Regulation (VAAR) 819.307(a) (or 48 CFR 819.307(a)) references to an 
interagency agreement between VA and SBA to handle SDVOSB and VOSB 
status protests outside VA. Moreover, in the first sentence of 
paragraph (a), the word ``eligible'' is removed as the use of this term 
is premature because the Director or Executive Director could find the 
SDVOSB or VOSB ineligible as a result of the status protest. 
Additionally, we reorganized VAAR 819.307 for ease of readability and 
clarity.
    This revised decision is based on the unique statutory requirements 
that VA must meet pursuant to the SDVOSB/VOSB set-aside acquisition 
authority at 38 U.S.C. 8127 and 8128. For example, VA's statutory 
authority has an exception where surviving spouses of certain service-
disabled Veterans may remain qualified as owners of SDVOSBs, which is 
not present in the government-wide SDVOSB set-aside authority program 
at 15 U.S.C. 657f. In contrast, SBA adjudicates only SDVOSB status 
protests pursuant to the separate Government-wide SDVOSB set-aside 
authority. Moreover, VA has developed expertise over the last 2 years 
in adjudicating SDVOSB and VOSB verification examinations and status 
protests. VA's current interim SDVOSB and VOSB status protest processes 
and procedures have mainly proved effective, and VA now has the 
infrastructure and experience to address and resolve future SDVOSB and 
VOSB status protests. However, VA is revising the current interim 
process in this interim final rule to provide that VA's Director of CVE 
shall initially adjudicate SDVOSB and VOSB status protests and to 
provide that either the protesting party or the protested business may 
appeal the Director of CVE decision to the Executive Director of OSDBU.
    VA provided a 30-day comment period for the interim provision 
included in the final rule, which ended on January 7, 2010. VA received 
one comment regarding paragraph (b) of VAAR 819.307, ``SDVOSB/VOSB 
Small Business Status Protests.'' Under the interim provision included 
in the final rule, VAAR 819.307(b) provides that, if an SDVOSB/VOSB 
status protest is sustained after VA has already awarded a contract, VA 
will proceed with the award but the VA contracting officer cannot count 
the award as an award to an SDVOSB or VOSB and the concern cannot 
submit another offer as an SDVOSB or VOSB on a future SDVOSB or VOSB 
procurement ``unless it demonstrates to VA that it has overcome the 
reasons for the determination of ineligibility.'' The commenter stated 
that allowing an award to proceed rather than terminating it following 
a successful status protest rewards fraudulent actions by letting the 
award stand; overlooks the lack of diligence by the contracting 
officer; disregards case law indicating contract awards resulting from 
fraudulent representation are considered void ab initio, so the 
contractor forfeits the contract; and ignores that the award of a 
fraudulently obtained contract set-aside for SDVOSBs and VOSBs is no 
different than any other Federal contract. The commenter also stated 
that allowing a fraudulently obtained contract to proceed will 
discourage companies from submitting protests as there is no recourse 
for them on a contract they may have won, if the status protest is 
sustained and the fraudulent contractor becomes ineligible from future 
procurements. The commenter suggested the following: (1) if a contract 
is won by submitting fraudulent information, the contract award should 
be overturned and re-solicited or awarded to the next qualified bidder, 
and (2) VA should require contracting officers to issue a letter of 
intent to award, so companies may have the opportunity to protest prior 
to contract award.
    We agree with the commenter and have revised the regulation to add 
VAAR 819.307(h) to state that when an SDVOSB or VOSB status protest is 
sustained after the award of a contract, the contract shall be deemed 
to be void ab initio and the contracting officer shall cancel the 
contract and award the contract to the next eligible SDVOSB or VOSB in 
line for the award. Additionally, the ineligible SDVOSB or VOSB firm is 
precluded from submitting another offer as an SDVOSB or VOSB on a 
future SDVOSB or VOSB set-aside procurement under VAAR part 819, unless 
it successfully appeals the determination of the Director, CVE, to the 
Executive Director, OSDBU, or unless it applies for and receives 
verified SDVOSB or VOSB status in accordance with 38 CFR part 74.
    As to the commenter's second issue, regarding notification of 
apparently successful offers, this was already addressed previously in 
current VAAR 819.307(c)(2) and remains in the revised regulation at 
819.307(c) where it provides that an interested party must submit its 
status protest to the contracting officer by close of business

[[Page 59863]]

on the fifth business day after bid opening (in sealed bid 
acquisitions) or by close of business on the fifth business day after 
notification by the contracting officer of the apparently successful 
offeror (in negotiated acquisitions). Therefore, we make no changes 
based on this comment.
    In promulgating this regulation to establish more detailed SDVOSB 
and VOSB status protest procedures, VA has largely adopted procedures 
equivalent to Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 19.306 (or 48 CFR 
19.306) associated with protesting a firm's status as a Historically 
Underutilized Business Zone (HUBZone) small business concern and FAR 
19.307 for SDVOSB status protests for the Government-wide SDVOSB set-
aside program established by 15 U.S.C. 657f. First, with respect to who 
may file a VA SDVOSB or VOSB status protest, revised VAAR 819.307(b) 
provides that either a contracting officer or an interested party may 
protest the apparently successful offeror's SDVOSB or VOSB status. 
Further, VA defines ``interested party'' for the purpose of filing a 
status protest as an actual offeror whose direct economic interest 
would be affected by the award of a contract or by the failure to award 
a contract. This is consistent with FAR 19.307(a) except that SBA 
cannot raise a VA SDVOSB or VOSB status protest since this is a title 
38 program.
    The regulation further establishes in revised VAAR 819.307(c) that, 
except for premature status protests, the contracting officer must 
forward to the Director, CVE, any status protest received. This is 
because the Director, CVE, subject to appeal to the Executive Director, 
OSDBU, shall determine the timeliness of a status protest. The 
contracting officer can determine if a status protest is premature 
because that means the contracting officer has not yet opened bids or 
made a decision as to the apparently successful offeror upon which to 
raise a challenge. This is consistent with FAR 19.307(e). Revised 
819.307(c) further provides that any assertions that a protested 
concern is not an SDVOSB or VOSB concern, without setting forth 
specific facts or allegations, are insufficient. This is consistent 
with FAR 19.307(g). A status protest may only raise a challenge to an 
apparently successful offeror's SDVOSB or VOSB status by disputing the 
Veteran or service-disabled Veteran status of the individual owner(s) 
of the concern, or ownership and/or control of the concern by a Veteran 
or service-disabled Veteran.''
    Upon receipt of the status protest, the regulation further provides 
at new VAAR 819.307(d) that the Director, CVE, will notify the 
protester and the contracting officer of the date the status protest 
was received by CVE and whether the status protest will be decided on 
the merits or dismissed on jurisdictional grounds for lack of 
timeliness or specificity. This is consistent with FAR 19.307(g) where, 
for SBA status protests, SBA officials notify the protester and the 
contracting officer of the receipt of the protest and whether it will 
be processed or dismissed for lack of timeliness or specificity. If the 
status protest is decided on the merits, the regulation provides in new 
819.307(e) that the Director, CVE, will determine the SDVOSB or VOSB 
status of the protested concern based on the totality of the 
circumstances within 21 business days after receipt of the status 
protest. A totality of the circumstances standard is appropriate 
because, as the integrity of the SDVOSB/VOSB set-aside program is 
paramount, this permits the Director, CVE, to consider facts or issues 
not specifically raised by the protesting party that impact the SDVOSB/
VOSB status and compliance with 38 CFR Part 74 of the protested party. 
If the Director, CVE, does not contact the contracting officer within 
21 business days, the contracting officer may award the contract to the 
apparently successful offeror, unless the contracting officer has 
granted the Director, CVE, an extension. The contracting officer may 
award the contract after receipt of a status protest if the contracting 
officer determines in writing that an award must be made to protect the 
public interest. The contracting officer shall document this 
determination for the contract file. These provisions are equivalent to 
those contained in FAR 19.307(h) except to the extent that VA has 
determined VA requires 21 business days in lieu of 15 business days to 
decide a status protest based on available agency resources.
    The regulation provides at new VAAR 819.307(f) that a decision on 
the merits by the Director, CVE, that is based on the failure to meet 
the Veteran or service-disabled Veteran status of the individual 
owner(s) of the concern as defined in 38 CFR 74.1 is not subject to an 
appeal to the Executive Director, OSDBU, and is a final decision since 
Director, CVE exercises no independent discretion with respect to this 
question. VA's Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), not OSDBU, is 
the entity within the Department responsible for determinations of 
individual Veteran or service-disabled Veteran status. Director, CVE 
relies exclusively on currently valid individual Veterans' eligibility 
determinations rendered by VBA or, in some cases, disability 
determinations of the Department of Defense pursuant to 38 CFR 74.1 
(definition service-disabled Veteran)''.
    Upon rendering a decision, new VAAR 819.307(g) provides that the 
Director, CVE, will notify the contracting officer, the protester, and 
the protested concern of its determination. The decision is effective 
immediately and is final unless overturned on appeal by the Executive 
Director, OSDBU. The determination may be sent by mail, commercial 
carrier, facsimile transmission, or other electronic means. This is 
consistent with FAR 19.307(i) where, for SBA status protests, SBA 
officials notify the protester and the contracting officer of the 
determination and that it is effective immediately and final unless 
overturned on appeal.
    In order to provide an additional layer of due process, new VAAR 
819.307(i) provides that, except for a decision based upon an 
allegation of failure to meet the Veteran or service-disabled Veteran 
status of the individual owner(s) of the apparently successful offeror, 
the Director, CVE, status protest decision may be appealed.The 
protester or the protested SDVOSB or VOSB concern may file an appeal of 
the status protest determination with the Executive Director, OSDBU. 
The determination to retain the appeal process within VA OSDBU is a 
policy determination but it is consistent with the government-wide 
HUBZone status protest process set forth in FAR 19.306(m) wherein 
status protests are submitted to SBA's Associate Administrator for the 
HUBZone Program, who issues initial decisions, and appeals are filed 
with and determined by SBA's Associate Deputy Administrator for 
Government Contracting and 8(a) Business Development. Within VA, the 
Director, CVE, and the Executive Director, OSDBU, are the two most 
senior officials with the necessary expertise on SDVOSB and VOSB status 
examinations to make proper determinations.
    The Executive Director must receive the appeal no later than 5 
business days after the date of receipt of the status protest 
determination. This is consistent with FAR 19.306(j), with respect to 
HUBZone status protest appeals. The Executive Director will dismiss any 
appeal received after the 5-day period. ``Filing'' means a document is 
received by the Executive Director by 5:30 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, 
on that day. Documents may be filed by hand delivery, mail, commercial 
carrier, or facsimile transmission. Hand delivery

[[Page 59864]]

and other means of delivery may not be practicable during certain 
periods due to, for example, security concerns or equipment failures. 
The filing party bears the risk that the delivery method chosen will 
not result in timely receipt by the Executive Director, OSDBU. Appeals 
are to be submitted to: Executive Director, OSDBU (00VE), U.S. 
Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue NW., Washington, DC 
20420.
    New VAAR 819.307(j) sets forth that any appeal must meet the 
following criteria. The appeal must be in writing. The appeal must 
identify the status protest determination being appealed and also must 
set forth a full and specific statement as to why the decision was 
based on clear error of fact or law. This is consistent with FAR 
19.306(k) with respect to HUBZone status protest appeals and 13 CFR 
134.508 with respect to SDVOSB status protest appeals at SBA's Office 
of Hearing and Appeals.
    New VAAR 819.307(k) requires that the party appealing the 
determination must provide notice of the appeal to the contracting 
officer. In order to avoid a piecemeal presentation of the relevant 
issues and frivolous appeals, 819.307(k) also establishes that the 
Executive Director will decide all appeals solely on a review of the 
evidence in the written protest file, arguments made in the appeal 
petition and response(s) filed thereto. These provisions are consistent 
with FAR 19.306(l) with respect to HUBZone status protest appeals and 
13 CFR 134.512 with respect to SDVOSB status protest appeals at SBA's 
Office of Hearing and Appeals.
    New VAAR 819.307(l) provides that the Executive Director will make 
a decision on the appeal within 10 business days of the receipt of the 
appeal, if practicable, and will base the decision only on the 
information and documentation in the protest record as supplemented by 
the appeal. The Executive Director will provide a copy of the decision 
to the contracting officer and the protested SDVOSB or VOSB concern. 
The Executive Director's decision, if received before the award, will 
apply to the pending acquisition. If the Executive Director's decision 
is received after the award, the contracting officer may terminate the 
contract or not exercise the next option (i.e., the contract will end 
once the contract term expires). This policy determination weighs the 
needs of the agency and the public interest against the due process 
rights of an interested party and is consistent with the government-
wide HUBZone status protest process where the Director of HUB issues an 
initial decision and a higher level SBA official issues the appellate 
decision and when SBA's Office of Hearing and Appeals issues a decision 
in an SDVOSB status protest appeal after a contract has been awarded. 
See FAR 19.306(m); 13 CFR 125.27(g)(2)(iii). If the appeal is decided 
in favor of the appealing party after the contract is awarded, the 
contracting officer is given the business discretion to terminate the 
contract or not exercise the next option because, due to the passage of 
time, the costs of a termination and disruption of services for the 
benefit of veterans or a construction project may be so extensive as to 
outweigh the programmatic issues of ensuring an award is made to a 
valid veteran small business. The Executive Director's decision is the 
final decision. The decision may be sent by mail, commercial carrier, 
facsimile transmission, or other electronic means. This process is 
essentially consistent with the method for appeals related to SBA's 
HUBZone status protest process set forth in FAR 19.306(m) except that 
VA has determined that VA requires 10 business days in lieu of 5 
business days to decide an appeal due to VA's available administrative 
resources.
    Finally, a technical change would re-designate VA's Center for 
Veterans' Enterprise as the Center for Verification and Evaluation to 
more accurately reflect the mission of this office which is to 
determine the status of SDVOSBs and VOSBs with respect to VA's SDVOSB/
VOSB set-aside acquisition program established by 38 U.S.C. 8127.

Administrative Procedure Act

    This document revises VAAR 819.307, ``SDVOSB/VOSB Small Business 
Status Protests,'' the interim provision included in the final rule on 
which we requested comments. In the interim provision, VA provided that 
the Executive Director, OSDBU, shall consider and decide SDVOSB and 
VOSB status protests until VA and SBA executed an interagency agreement 
for SBA to consider and decide SDVOSB and VOSB status protests. For the 
reasons stated above, we have determined that SDVOSB and VOSB status 
protests shall remain within VA. Therefore, we are revising the interim 
provision to provide that the Director, CVE, shall initially adjudicate 
SDVOSB and VOSB status protests and to provide that either the 
protester or the protested business may appeal the Director, CVE, 
decision to the Executive Director, OSDBU.
    Good cause exists for the agency to include this change in an 
interim final rule to make a change to the interim provision that is 
essential for this contracting program to function so as not to deprive 
VA and veterans of necessary services and supplies and to provide 
immediately appropriate due process by authorizing an administrative 
appeal process on initial status protest decisions. The current interim 
process does not authorize an administrative appeal at the agency 
level, which has been criticized in Miles Construction, LLC v. United 
States, 108 Fed. Cl. 792 (2013), as not providing a party adequate due 
process and the opportunity to be heard at a meaningful time in a 
meaningful manner. Thus, delay in the implementation of this rulemaking 
would be contrary to the public interest. VA hereby solicits comments 
on this regulatory amendment.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Secretary hereby certifies that this interim final rule will 
not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities as they are defined in the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 
U.S.C. 601-612. The final arbiter of VA SDVOSB and VOSB status protests 
remains the Executive Director, OSDBU, as previously promulgated. The 
main change is that the Secretary has determined that SBA should not be 
involved in VA SDVOSB or VOSB status protests because these status 
protests are solely associated with title 38 SDVOSB and VOSB set-aside 
acquisitions where SDVOSB or VOSB status is to be determined by the 
Secretary pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 8127(f). On this basis, the Secretary 
certifies that the adoption of this interim final rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities 
as they are defined in the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601-
612. Therefore, under 5 U.S.C. 605(b), this rulemaking is exempt from 
the initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis requirements of 
sections 603 and 604.

Unfunded Mandates

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, at 2 U.S.C. 1532, 
requires that agencies prepare an assessment of anticipated costs and 
benefits before issuing any rule that may result in an expenditure by 
State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the 
private sector, of $100 million or more (adjusted annually for 
inflation) in any one year. This interim final rule will have no such 
effect on State, local, and tribal governments, or on the private 
sector.

[[Page 59865]]

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This interim final rule contains no collections of information 
under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3521).

Executive Orders 12866 and 13563

    Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess all 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, when 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, and other advantages; distributive impacts; 
and equity). Executive Order 13563 (Improving Regulation and Regulatory 
Review) emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and 
benefits, reducing costs, harmonizing rules, and promoting flexibility. 
Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review) defines a 
``significant regulatory action'' requiring review by the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB), unless OMB waives such review, as ``any 
regulatory action that is likely to result in a rule that may: (1) Have 
an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or adversely 
affect in a material way the economy, a sector of the economy, 
productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or 
safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or communities; (2) 
Create a serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an action 
taken or planned by another agency; (3) Materially alter the budgetary 
impact of entitlements, grants, user fees, or loan programs or the 
rights and obligations of recipients thereof; or (4) Raise novel legal 
or policy issues arising out of legal mandates, the President's 
priorities, or the principles set forth in this Executive Order.''
    The economic, interagency, budgetary, legal, and policy 
implications of this regulatory action have been examined, and it has 
been determined not to be a significant regulatory action under 
Executive Order 12866. VA's impact analysis can be found as a 
supporting document at http://www.regulations.gov, usually within 48 
hours after the rulemaking document is published. Additionally, a copy 
of the rulemaking and its impact analysis are available on VA's Web 
site at http://www1.va.gov/orpm/, by following the link for ``VA 
Regulations Published.''

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance

    There is no Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance number or title 
for this program.

Signing Authority

    The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, or designee, approved this 
document and authorized the undersigned to sign and submit the document 
to the Office of the Federal Register for publication electronically as 
an official document of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Jose D. 
Riojas, Chief of Staff, approved this document on September 13, 2013, 
for publication.

List of Subjects in 48 CFR Part 819

    Administrative practice and procedure, Government procurement, 
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Small businesses, Veterans.

    Dated: September 25, 2013.
Robert C. McFetridge,
Director, Office of Regulation Policy and Management, Office of the 
General Counsel, Department of Veterans Affairs.

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Department of 
Veterans Affairs amends 48 CFR part 819 as follows:

PART 819--SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS

0
1. The authority citation for part 819 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 38 U.S.C. 8127 and 8128; 40 U.S.C. 121(c) and (d); 48 
CFR 1.301-1.304; and 15 U.S.C. 637(d)(4)(e).

Subpart 819.3--Determination of Small Business Status for Small 
Business Programs

0
2. Revise 819.307 to read as follows:


819.307  SDVOSB/VOSB Small Business Status Protests.

    (a) All protests relating to whether a Service-Disabled Veteran-
Owned Small Business (SDVOSB) or Veteran-Owned Small Business (VOSB) is 
a ``small'' business for the purposes of any Federal program are 
subject to 13 CFR part 121 and must be filed in accordance with that 
part. SDVOSB and VOSB status shall be determined in accordance with 38 
CFR part 74.
    (b) A contracting officer or an interested party may protest the 
apparently successful offeror's SDVOSB or VOSB status. ``Interested 
party'' for the purpose of filing a status protest is an actual offeror 
whose direct economic interest would be affected by the award of a 
contract or by the failure to award a contract.
    (c) All status protests shall be in writing and shall state all 
specific grounds for the protest. Assertions that a protested concern 
is not an SDVOSB or VOSB concern, without setting forth specific facts 
or allegations, are insufficient. An interested party must submit its 
status protest to the contracting officer by close of business on the 
fifth business day after bid opening (in sealed bid acquisitions) or by 
close of business on the fifth business day after notification by the 
contracting officer of the apparently successful offeror (in negotiated 
acquisitions). An interested party must deliver their protest in 
person, by electronic mail, by facsimile, by express delivery service, 
or by the U.S. Postal Service within the applicable time period to the 
contracting officer. Any status protest received after these time 
limits is untimely. Any status protest received prior to bid opening or 
notification of intended award, whichever applies, is premature and 
shall be returned to the protester. Except for premature status 
protests, the contracting officer must forward to the Director, Center 
for Verification and Evaluation (CVE), any status protest received.
    (d) The Director, CVE, will notify the protester and the 
contracting officer of the date the status protest was received by CVE 
and whether the status protest will be processed or dismissed for lack 
of timeliness or specificity.
    (e) The Director, CVE, will determine the SDVOSB or VOSB status of 
the protested concern based upon the totality of circumstances within 
21 business days after receipt of the status protest. If the Director, 
CVE, does not contact the contracting officer within 21 business days, 
the contracting officer may award the contract to the apparently 
successful offeror, unless the contracting officer has granted the 
Director, CVE, an extension. The contracting officer may award the 
contract after receipt of a status protest if the contracting officer 
determines in writing that an award must be made to protect the public 
interest. The contracting officer shall document this determination for 
the contract file.
    (f) A denial decision by the Director, CVE, that is based on the 
failure to meet any service-disabled Veteran or Veteran criterion as 
defined in 38 CFR 74.1 is not subject to an appeal to the Executive 
Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization 
(OSDBU), and is a final decision.
    (g) The Director, CVE, will notify the contracting officer, the 
protester, and the protested concern of its determination. The 
determination is

[[Page 59866]]

effective immediately and is final unless overturned on appeal by the 
Executive Director, OSDBU. The determination may be sent by mail, 
commercial carrier, facsimile transmission, or other electronic means.
    (h) If the Director, CVE, sustains an SDVOSB or VOSB status protest 
and the contract has already been awarded, then the awarded contract 
shall be deemed void ab initio and the contracting officer shall 
rescind the contract and award the contract to the next SDVOSB or VOSB 
in line for the award. The ineligible SDVOSB or VOSB concern shall not 
be permitted to submit another offer as a SDVOSB or VOSB on a future 
SDVOSB or VOSB procurement under this part, unless it successfully 
appeals the determination of the Director, CVE, to the Executive 
Director, OSDBU, or unless it applies for and receives verified SDVOSB 
or VOSB status in accordance with 38 CFR part 74.
    (i) Except as provided in subsection (f), the protestor or the 
protested SDVOSB or VOSB concern may file an appeal of the status 
protest determination with the Executive Director, OSDBU. The Executive 
Director must receive the appeal no later than 5 business days after 
the date of receipt of the status protest determination. The Executive 
Director will dismiss any appeal received after the 5-day period. 
``Filing'' means a document is received by the Executive Director by 
5:30 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, on that day. Documents may be filed 
by hand delivery, mail, commercial carrier, or facsimile transmission. 
Hand delivery and other means of delivery may not be practicable during 
certain periods due to, for example, security concerns or equipment 
failures. The filing party bears the risk that the delivery method 
chosen will not result in timely receipt by the Executive Director, 
OSDBU. Submit appeals to: Executive Director, OSDBU (00VE), U.S. 
Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue NW., Washington, DC 
20420.
    (j) The appeal must be in writing. The appeal must identify the 
status protest determination being appealed and must set forth a full 
and specific statement as to why the decision was based on clear error 
of fact or law.
    (k) The party appealing the determination must provide notice of 
the appeal to the contracting officer. The Executive Director will 
decide all appeals under this subpart solely on a review of the 
evidence in the written protest file, arguments made in the appeal 
petition and response(s) filed thereto.
    (l) The Executive Director will make a decision within 10 business 
days of the receipt of the appeal, if practicable, and will base the 
decision only on the information and documentation in the protest 
record as supplemented by the appeal. The Executive Director will 
provide a copy of the decision to the contracting officer and the 
protested SDVOSB or VOSB concern. The Executive Director's decision, if 
received before the award, will apply to the pending acquisition. If 
the Executive Director decides in favor of the appealing party and the 
decision is received after the award, the contracting officer may 
terminate the contract or not exercise the next option. The Executive 
Director's decision is the final decision. The decision may be sent by 
mail, commercial carrier, facsimile transmission, or other electronic 
means.

[FR Doc. 2013-23759 Filed 9-27-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8320-01-P