[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 205 (Wednesday, October 23, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-24713]
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Aviation Administration
14 CFR Part 34 and 45
[Docket No.: FAA-2012-1333; Amendment Nos. 34-5 and 45-28]
Exhaust Emissions Standards for New Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines
and Identification Plate for Aircraft Engines
AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.
ACTION: Final rule; disposition of comments.
SUMMARY: On December 31, 2012, the FAA published a final rule with a
request for comments amending the emission standards for turbine engine
powered airplanes to incorporate the standards that were promulgated by
the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on June 18,
2012. The FAA's final rule fulfilled its requirements under the Clean
Air Act Amendments of 1970 to issue regulations ensuring compliance
with the EPA standards. Although the public had an opportunity to
comment on the EPA's rule, and the FAA adopted the same requirements,
the FAA sought public comment on its final rule. This action addresses
the comments the FAA received.
DATES: October 23, 2013.
ADDRESSES: You may review the public docket for this rulemaking (Docket
FAA-2012-1333) at the Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 of the
West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington,
DC, 20590-0001 between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except
Federal holidays. You may also review the public docket on the Internet
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For technical questions concerning
this action, contact Aimee Fisher, Emissions Division (AEE-300), Office
of Environment and Energy, Federal Aviation Administration, 800
Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267-
7705; email Aimee.Fisher@faa.gov.
For legal questions concerning this action contact Karen Petronis,
International Law, Legislation and Regulations Division (AGC-200),
Office of the Chief Counsel, Federal Aviation Administration, 800
Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone (202) 267-
3073, email Karen.Petronis@faa.gov.
Section 231(a)(2)(A) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) (42 U.S.C. 7571)
directs the Administrator of the EPA to propose aircraft emission
standards applicable to the emission of any air pollutant from classes
of aircraft engines which, in the EPA Administrator's judgment, causes
or contributes to air pollution that may reasonably be anticipated to
endanger public health or welfare. These emission standards have been
promulgated by the EPA in 40 CFR part 87.
Section 232 of the CAA (42 U.S.C. 7572) then directs the FAA to
prescribe regulations to ensure compliance with the EPA's standards.
The FAA has promulgated these emission standards in 14 CFR part 34, and
in the engine marking requirements in part 45.
The EPA initially regulated gaseous exhaust emissions, smoke and
fuel venting from aircraft in 1973, with occasional revision. Since the
EPA's adoption of the initial regulations, the FAA has taken subsequent
action to ensure that the regulations in 14 CFR are kept current with
the EPA's standards.
On July 27, 2011, the EPA proposed new aircraft engine emission
standards for oxides of nitrogen (NOX), compliance
flexibilities, and other regulatory requirements for aircraft turbofan
or turbojet engines with rated thrusts greater than 26.7 kilonewtons
(kN) (76 FR 45012). The EPA also proposed adopting the gas turbine
engine test procedures of the International Civil Aviation Organization
(ICAO). The final rule adopting these proposals was published on June
18, 2012 (77 FR 36342), and was effective July 18, 2012.
On December 31, 2012, the FAA published a final rule with a request
for comments (77 FR 76842) adopting the EPA's new emissions standards
in part 34. Although the EPA's NPRM presented an opportunity to comment
on the proposed regulations and the EPA addressed them in its final
rule, the FAA sought public comment on its final rule.
Discussion of Comments
The FAA received three comments on the final rule.
Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) expressed support for the
requirements in the final rule, noting that the changes would harmonize
U.S. regulations with those of ICAO. The AIA noted that some language
in both the FAA and EPA rules differ from that which was agreed to by
ICAO's Committee of Aviation Environmental Protection. The AIA stated
that these differences would result in some unnecessary complication
and manufacturer cost, and cited as an example the term ``excepted''
for spare engines that do not need to meet the production cutoff
requirements. Current engine labeling allows the terms ``COMPLY'' or
``EXEMPT'' for emissions, and AIA believed these terms should continue
to be used.
Rolls-Royce Group stated that it participated in generating the
comments submitted by AIA, and endorsed AIA's comments.
The FAA notes that AIA raised this same issue in its comments to
the EPA's NPRM. In its final rule, the EPA offered the following
support for its decision not to change what it proposed despite AIA's
The Tier 6 production cutoff does not apply to the
continued production of engines that are designated spares. Spare
engines are produced to replace a similar engine already in service
that was removed from service for maintenance purposes. Accordingly,
the production of a spare engine is not restricted by the production
cutoff, and the regulation does not apply to these engines.
The non-applicability of the cutoff eliminates the need to
process an exemption for continued production of these engines beyond
December 31, 2012.
Conversely, engines that are intended to be produced for
new installations (i.e., not replacing an engine already in service)
are subject to the production cutoff regulation and the continued
production of such engines beyond the cutoff date would require a grant
Since the production of spare engines is not subject to
the new cutoff regulations, the FAA proposed and the EPA accepted the
idea that referring to these engines as exceptions to the regulation
was more appropriate than requiring case-by-case consideration of
exemptions when the regulation did not apply.
The word ``exemption'' has a specific legal meaning. In 14
CFR Part 11 the FAA uses it to mean that an applicant is subject to a
particular regulation and is requesting time limited relief under a
specific set of criteria. It is a specialized form of rulemaking.
When an entity or its product is specifically excluded
from a regulatory provision, it is considered ``excepted.''
The FAA believes that the rationale for using the word ``excepted''
continues to be valid, and both agencies use the term in the final
rules with the same meaning and intent. No change is being made to the
rule based on the comments of AIA and Rolls Royce.
Pratt & Whitney supported the FAA's implementation of the NOx
emission standards promulgated by the EPA, as the EPA rule reflects
U.S. efforts to harmonize domestic emission standards with the
international standards adopted by ICAO. In the event that a
substantive difference between the FAA's and EPA's final rules is
discovered, Pratt & Whitney attached its comments to the EPA's proposed
rulemaking. Pratt & Whitney's comment did not specify any instance
where substantive differences might exist between the FAA and EPA final
rules. No change is being made to the rule based on Pratt & Whitney's
After analyzing the comments submitted in response to this final
rule, the FAA has determined that no revisions to the rule are
warranted based on the comments received.
Issued under authority of 49 U.S.C. 106 and section 232 of the
Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7571) in Washington, DC, on October 1,
Director, Office of Rulemaking.
[FR Doc. 2013-24713 Filed 10-22-13; 8:45 am]
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