[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 4 (Tuesday, January 7, 2014)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 763-764]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-00029]


========================================================================
Proposed Rules
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of 
the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these 
notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in 
the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 4 / Tuesday, January 7, 2014 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 763]]



DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2013-1009; Directorate Identifier 2013-NE-35-AD]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. Turboprop 
Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for 
certain Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. (P&WC) turboprop engines. This 
proposed AD was prompted by in-service events involving the perforation 
of engine cases as a result of the liberation of power turbine (PT) 
blades and the fracture/displacement of the PT containment ring. This 
proposed AD would require installing a reinforcement liner to the PT 
containment ring and, for certain PT containment rings, adding 
scallops. We are proposing this AD to prevent uncontained engine 
failure and damage to the airplane.

DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by March 10, 2014.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your 
comments electronically.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
    For service information identified in this proposed AD, contact 
Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp., 1000 Marie-Victorin, Longueuil, Quebec, 
Canada, J4G 1A1; phone: 800-268-8000; fax: 450-647-2888; Internet: 
www.pwc.ca. You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine & 
Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA. 
For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 
781-238-7125.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2013-
1009; or in person at the Docket Operations office between 9 a.m. and 5 
p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket 
contains this proposed AD, the mandatory continuing airworthiness 
information (MCAI), the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, 
and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations 
office (phone: 800-647-5527) is the same as the Mail address provided 
in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket 
shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert Green, Aerospace Engineer, 
Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 
New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7754; 
fax: 781-238-7199; email: robert.green@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

    We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or 
arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address 
listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2013-1009; 
Directorate Identifier 2013-NE-35-AD'' at the beginning of your 
comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We 
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend 
this proposed AD based on those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We 
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact 
with FAA personnel concerning this proposed AD. Using the search 
function of the Web site, anyone can find and read the comments in any 
of our dockets, including, if provided, the name of the individual who 
sent the comment (or signed the comment on behalf of an association, 
business, labor union, etc.). You may review the DOT's complete Privacy 
Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 
FR 19477-78).

Discussion

    Transport Canada Civil Aviation, which is the aviation authority 
for Canada, has issued AD CF-2013-33R1, dated November 14, 2013 
(referred to hereinafter as ``the MCAI''), to correct an unsafe 
condition for the specified products. The MCAI states:

    There have been in-service events involving the perforation of 
PT6A small series engine cases as a result of the loss of integrity 
of Power Turbine (PT) Containment Rings under failure loads. 
Perforation of engine cases has been seen to result from the 
liberation of PT blades and from fracture/displacement of the PT 
Containment Ring itself.

You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating it in Docket No. FAA-
2013-1009.

Relevant Service Information

    P&WC has issued Service Bulletin (SB) No. PT6A-72-A1427, Revision 
3, dated January 27, 2012. The SB describes procedures for reworking an 
affected PT containment ring by installing a reinforcement liner and, 
depending on the part number of the reworked ring, machining scallops 
into the ring.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This Proposed AD

    This product has been approved by the aviation authority of Canada, 
and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our 
bilateral agreement with Canada, they have notified us of the unsafe 
condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced 
above. We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all information 
provided by Transport Canada Civil Aviation and determined the unsafe 
condition exists and is likely to exist or develop on other products of 
the same type design. This proposed AD would require installing a 
reinforcement liner to the PT containment ring and, for

[[Page 764]]

certain PT containment rings, adding scallops.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this proposed AD affects 1,000 engines of U.S. 
registry. We also estimate that it would take about 3 hours per engine 
to comply with this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $85 per 
hour. Required parts cost about $1,655 per engine. Based on these 
figures, we estimate the cost of this proposed AD on U.S. operators to 
be $1,910,000.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. ``Subtitle VII: Aviation 
Programs,'' describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's 
authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
``Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism 
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not 
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship 
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed 
regulation:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),
    (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent 
that it justifies making a regulatory distinction, and
    (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
    We prepared a regulatory evaluation of the estimated costs to 
comply with this proposed AD and placed it in the AD docket.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness 
directive (AD):

Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp.: Docket No. FAA-2013-1009; Directorate 
Identifier 2013-NE-35-AD.

(a) Comments Due Date

    We must receive comments by March 10, 2014.

(b) Affected ADs

    None.

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. (P&WC) turboprop 
engines as follows: all model PT6A-20, PT6A-20A, PT6A-20B, PT6A-25, 
PT6A-28, PT6A-34B, PT6A-36, and PT6A-135 engines; model PT6A-21 
engines, serial number (S/N) PCE-25361 and earlier; model PT6A-25A 
engines, S/N PCE-48757 and earlier; model PT6A-25C engines, S/N PCE-
26258 and earlier; model PT6A-27 engines, S/N PCE-42523 and earlier 
as well as all engines converted to PT6A-27; model PT6A-34 engines, 
S/N PCE-57303 and earlier as well as all engines converted to PT6A-
34; model PT6A-34AG engines, S/N PCE-57312 and earlier as well as 
all engines converted to PT6A-34AG; model PT6A-114 engines, S/N PCE-
17218 and earlier; and model PT6A-135A engines, S/N PCE-35089 and 
earlier.

(d) Reason

    This AD was prompted by in-service events involving the 
perforation of engine cases as a result of the liberation of power 
turbine (PT) blades and the fracture/displacement of the PT 
containment ring. We are issuing this AD to prevent uncontained 
engine failure and damage to the airplane.

(e) Actions and Compliance

    (1) Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done.
    (2) Within 24 months after the effective date of this AD, modify 
the existing PT containment ring. Use paragraph 3., Accomplishment 
Instructions, of P&WC Service Bulletin (SB) No. PT6A-72-A1427, 
Revision 3, dated January 27, 2012, to make the modification.

(f) Credit for Previous Actions

    If you modified the PT containment ring before the effective 
date of this AD using P&WC SB No. PT6A-72-A1427, Revision 3, dated 
January 27, 2012, or earlier versions, you have met the requirements 
of this AD.

(g) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, may approve AMOCs 
to this AD. Use the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19 to make your 
request.

(h) Related Information

    (1) For more information about this AD, contact Robert Green, 
Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & 
Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 
01803; phone: 781-238-7754; fax: 781-238-7199; email: 
robert.green@faa.gov.
    (2) Refer to MCAI Transport Canada Civil Aviation AD CF-2013-
33R1, dated November 14, 2013, for more information. You may examine 
the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating it in Docket No. 
FAA-2013-1009.
    (3) P&WC SB No. PT6A-72-A1427, Revision 3, dated January 27, 
2012, pertains to the subject of this AD and can be obtained from 
P&WC, using the contact information in paragraph (h)(4) of this AD.
    (4) For service information identified in this AD, contact Pratt 
& Whitney Canada Corp., 1000 Marie-Victorin, Longueuil, Quebec, 
Canada, J4G 1A1; phone: 800-268-8000; fax: 450-647-2888; Internet: 
www.pwc.ca.
    (5) You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine & 
Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, 
MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, 
call 781-238-7125.

    Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on January 2, 2014.
Colleen M. D'Alessandro,
Assistant Directorate Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft 
Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2014-00029 Filed 1-6-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P