[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 11 (Thursday, January 16, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 2781-2785]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-00615]


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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

19 CFR Part 12

[CBP Dec. 14-01]
RIN 1515-AD95


Import Restrictions Imposed on Certain Archaeological and 
Ecclesiastical Ethnological Material From Bulgaria

AGENCIES: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland 
Security; Department of the Treasury.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This final rule amends the U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
(CBP) regulations to reflect the imposition of import restrictions on 
certain archaeological and ecclesiastical ethnological material from 
the Republic of Bulgaria. These restrictions are being imposed pursuant 
to an agreement between the United States and Bulgaria that has been 
entered into under the authority of the Convention on Cultural Property 
Implementation Act in accordance with the 1970 United Nations 
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Convention 
on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export 
and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. The final rule amends 
CBP regulations by adding Bulgaria to the list of countries for which a 
bilateral agreement has been entered into for imposing cultural 
property import restrictions. The final rule also contains the 
designated list that describes the types of archaeological and 
ecclesiastical ethnological material to which the restrictions apply.

DATES: Effective January 15, 2014.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For legal aspects, George Frederick 
McCray, Chief, Cargo Security, Carriers and Restricted Merchandise 
Branch, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, (202) 
325-0082. For operational aspects: Virginia McPherson, Chief, 
Interagency Requirements Branch, Trade Policy and Programs, Office of 
International Trade, (202) 863-6563.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Background

    The value of cultural property, whether archaeological or 
ethnological in nature, is immeasurable. Such items often constitute 
the very essence of a society and convey important information 
concerning a people's origin, history, and traditional setting. The 
importance and popularity of such items regrettably makes them targets 
of theft, encourages clandestine looting of archaeological sites, and 
results in their illegal export and import.
    The United States shares in the international concern for the need 
to protect endangered cultural property. The appearance in the United 
States of stolen or illegally exported artifacts from other countries 
where there has been pillage has, on occasion, strained our foreign and 
cultural relations. This situation, combined with the concerns of 
museum, archaeological, and scholarly communities, was recognized by 
the President and Congress. It became apparent that it was in the 
national interest for the United States to join with other countries to 
control illegal trafficking of such articles in international commerce.
    The United States joined international efforts and actively 
participated in deliberations resulting in the 1970 United Nations 
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Convention 
on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export 
and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (823 U.N.T.S. 231 
(1972)). U.S.

[[Page 2782]]

acceptance of the 1970 UNESCO Convention was codified into U.S. law as 
the ``Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act'' (Pub. L. 97-
446, 19 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) (the Act). This was done to promote U.S. 
leadership in achieving greater international cooperation towards 
preserving cultural treasures that are of importance to the nations 
from where they originate and contribute to greater international 
understanding of our common heritage.
    Since the Act entered into force, import restrictions have been 
imposed on the archaeological and ethnological materials of a number of 
State Parties to the 1970 UNESCO Convention. These restrictions have 
been imposed as a result of requests for protection received from those 
nations. More information on import restrictions can be found on the 
Cultural Property Protection Web site (http://eca.state.gov/cultural-heritage-center/international-cultural-property-protection).
    This rule announces that import restrictions are now being imposed 
on certain archaeological and ecclesiastical ethnological materials 
from Bulgaria.

Determinations

    Under 19 U.S.C. 2602(a)(1), the United States must make certain 
determinations before entering into an agreement to impose import 
restrictions under 19 U.S.C. 2602(a)(2). On November 20, 2012, the 
Assistant Secretary for Educational and Cultural Affairs, U.S. 
Department of State, made the determinations required under the statute 
with respect to certain archaeological and ecclesiastical ethnological 
materials originating in Bulgaria that are described in the designated 
list set forth below in this document. These determinations include the 
following:
    (1) That the cultural patrimony of Bulgaria is in jeopardy from the 
pillage of (a) archaeological material representing Bulgaria's cultural 
heritage dating from the Neolithic period (7500 B.C.) through 
approximately 1750 A. D. and (b) ecclesiastical ethnological material 
representing Bulgaria's Middle Ages (681 A.D.) through approximately 
1750 A.D. (19 U.S.C. 2602(a)(1)(A)); (2) that the Bulgarian government 
has taken measures consistent with the Convention to protect its 
cultural patrimony (19 U.S.C. 2602(a)(1)(B)); (3) that import 
restrictions imposed by the United States would be of substantial 
benefit in deterring a serious situation of pillage, and remedies less 
drastic are not available (19 U.S.C. 2602(a)(1)(C)); and (4) that the 
application of import restrictions as set forth in this final rule is 
consistent with the general interests of the international community in 
the interchange of cultural property among nations for scientific, 
cultural, and educational purposes (19 U.S.C. 2602(a)(1)(D)). The 
Assistant Secretary also found that the material described in the 
determinations meet the statutory definitions of ``archaeological 
material of the state party'' and ``ethnological material of the state 
party'' (19 U.S.C. 2601(2)).

The Agreement

    The United States and Bulgaria entered into a bilateral agreement 
pursuant to the provisions of 19 U.S.C. 2602(a)(2). The agreement 
enables the promulgation of import restrictions on categories of 
archaeological material representing Bulgaria's cultural heritage 
dating from the Neolithic period (7500 B.C.) through approximately 1750 
A. D. and ecclesiastical ethnological material representing Bulgaria's 
Middle Ages (681 A.D.) through approximately 1750 A.D. A list of the 
categories of archaeological and ecclesiastical ethnological material 
subject to the import restrictions is set forth later in this document.

Restrictions and Amendment to the Regulations

    In accordance with the Agreement, importation of material 
designated below is subject to the restrictions of 19 U.S.C. 2606 and 
Sec.  12.104g(a) of the CBP regulations (19 CFR 12.104g(a)) and will be 
restricted from entry into the United States unless the conditions set 
forth in 19 U.S.C. 2606 and Sec.  12.104c of the CBP regulations (19 
CFR 12.104c) are met. CBP is amending Sec.  12.104g(a) of the CBP 
Regulations (19 CFR 12.104g(a)) to indicate that these import 
restrictions have been imposed.

Designated List of Archaeological and Ecclesiastical Ethnological 
Material of Bulgaria

    The bilateral agreement between the United States and Bulgaria 
includes, but is not limited to, the categories of objects described in 
the designated list set forth below. These categories of objects are 
subject to the import restrictions set forth above, in accordance with 
the above explained applicable law and the regulation amended in this 
document (19 CFR 12.104(g)(a)).
    The import restrictions include complete examples of objects and 
fragments thereof.
    The archaeological materials represent the following periods and 
cultures: Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Thracian, 
Hellenistic, Roman, Middle Ages, First Bulgarian Empire, Byzantine, 
Second Bulgarian Empire, and Ottoman. The ecclesiastical ethnological 
materials represent the following periods and cultures: Middle Ages, 
First Bulgarian Empire, Byzantine, Second Bulgarian Empire, and 
Ottoman. Ancient place-names associated with the region of Bulgaria 
include Odrysian Kingdom, Thrace, Thracia, Moesia Inferior, Moesia 
Superior, Coastal Dacia, Inner Dacia, Rhodope, Haemimontus, Europa, 
Bulgaria, and Eyalet of Rumeli.

I. Archaeological Material

A. Stone
1. Sculpture
    a. Architectural Elements--In marble, limestone, gypsum, and other 
kinds of stone. Types include acroterion, antefix, architrave, base, 
capital, caryatid, coffer, column, crowning, fountain, frieze, 
pediment, pilaster, mask, metope, mosaic and inlay, jamb, tile, 
triglyph, tympanum, basin, wellhead. Approximate date: First millennium 
B.C. to 1750 A.D.
    b. Monuments--In marble, limestone, granite, sandstone, and other 
kinds of stone. Types include but are not limited to votive statues, 
funerary, documentary, votive stelae, military columns, herms, stone 
blocks, bases, and base revetments. These may be painted, carved with 
borders, carry relief sculpture, and/or carry dedicatory, documentary, 
official, or funerary inscriptions, written in various languages 
including Thracian, Proto-Bulgarian, Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Turkish, and 
Bulgarian. Approximate date: First millennium B.C. through 1750 A. D.
    c. Sarcophagi and ossuaries--In marble, limestone, and other kinds 
of stone. Some have figural scenes painted on them, others have figural 
scenes carved in relief, and some are plain or just have decorative 
moldings. Approximate date: Third millennium through 1750 A. D.
    d. Large Statuary--Primarily in marble, also in limestone and 
sandstone. Subject matter includes human and animal figures and groups 
of figures in the round. Common types are large-scale, free-standing 
statuary from approximately 1 m to 2.5 m in height and life-size busts 
(head and shoulders of an individual). Approximate date: Third 
millennium B.C. through 1750 A. D.
    e. Small Statuary and Figurines--In marble and other stone. Subject 
matter includes human and animal figures and groups of figures in the 
round. These range from approximately 10 cm to 1 m in height. 
Approximate date: Neolithic through 1750 A. D.

[[Page 2783]]

    f. Reliefs--In marble and other stone. Types include carved relief 
vases and slabs carved with subject matter such as a horseman, 
vegetative, floral, or decorative motifs, sometimes inscribed. Used for 
architectural decoration, funerary, votive, or commemorative monuments. 
Approximate date: Third millennium B.C. through 1750 A. D.
    g. Furniture--In marble and other stone. Types include tables, 
thrones, and beds. Approximate date: Third millennium B.C. through 1750 
A. D.
    2. Vessels--In marble, steatite, rock crystal, and other stone. 
These may belong to conventional shapes such as bowls, cups, jars, 
jugs, and lamps, or may occur in the shape of a human or animal, or 
part of human or animal. Approximate date: Neolithic through 1750 A. D.
    3. Tools, Instruments, and Weapons--In flint, quartz, obsidian, and 
other hard stones. Types of stone tools include large and small blades, 
borers, scrapers, sickles, awls, harpoons, cores, loom weights, and 
arrow heads. Ground stone types include grinders (e.g., mortars, 
pestles, millstones, whetstones), choppers, axes, hammers, moulds, and 
mace heads. Approximate date: Neolithic through 1750 A. D.
    4. Seals and beads--In marble, limestone, and various semiprecious 
stones including rock crystal, amethyst, jasper, agate, steatite, and 
carnelian. May be incised or cut as gems or cameos. Approximate date: 
Neolithic through 1750 A. D.
B. Metal
1. Sculpture
    a. Large Statuary--Primarily in bronze, including fragments of 
statues. Subject matter includes human and animal figures, and groups 
of figures in the round. Common types are large-scale, free-standing 
statuary from approximately 1 m to 2.5 m in height and life-size busts 
(head and shoulders of an individual). Approximate date: Fifth 
millennium through 1750 A.D.
    b. Small Statuary and Figurines--Subject matter includes human and 
animal figures, groups of figures in the round, masks, plaques, and 
bronze hands of Sabazios. These range from approximately 10 cm to 1 m 
in height. Approximate date: First millennium B.C. through Roman.
    c. Reliefs--In gold, bronze, or lead. Types include burial masks, 
leaves, and appliqu[eacute] with images of gods, mythical creatures, 
etc. First millennium B.C. through Roman.
    d. Inscribed or Decorated Sheet Metal--In bronze or lead. Engraved 
inscriptions, ``military diplomas,'' and thin metal sheets with 
engraved or impressed designs often used as attachments to furniture. 
Approximate date: First millennium B.C. through 1750 A.D.
    2. Vessels--In bronze, gold, and silver. Bronze may be gilded or 
silver-plated. These may belong to conventional shapes such as bowls, 
cups, jars, jugs, strainers, cauldrons, candelabras, and lamps, or may 
occur in the shape of a human or animal or part of a human or animal. 
Approximate date: Fifth millennium B.C. through 1750 A.D.
    3. Personal Ornaments--In copper, bronze, gold, and silver. Bronze 
may be gilded or silver-plated. Types include torques, rings, beads, 
pendants, belts, belt buckles, belt ends/appliqu[eacute]s, earrings, 
ear caps, diadems, spangles, straight and safety pins, necklaces, 
mirrors, wreaths, cuffs, pectoral crosses, and beads. Approximate date: 
Fifth millennium B.C. through 1750 A.D.
    4. Tools--In copper, bronze and iron. Types include knives, hooks, 
weights, axes, scrapers, (strigils), trowels, keys, dies for making 
coins, and the tools of physicians and artisans such as carpenters, 
masons and metal smiths. Approximate date: Fifth millennium B.C. 
through 1750 A.D.
    5. Weapons and Armor--In copper, bronze and iron. Types include 
both launching weapons (harpoons, spears and javelins) and weapons for 
hand-to-hand combat (swords, daggers, battle axes, rapiers, maces 
etc.). Armor includes body armor, such as helmets, cuirasses, shin 
guards, and shields, and horse armor/chariot decorations often 
decorated with elaborate engraved, embossed, or perforated designs. 
Approximate date: Fifth millennium B.C. through 1750 A.D.
    6. Seals--In lead, tin, copper, bronze, silver, and gold. Types 
include rings, amulets, stamps, and seals with shank. They pertain to 
individuals, kings, emperors, patriarchs, and other spiritual leaders. 
Approximate date: Bronze Age through 1750 A.D.
    7. Coins--In copper, bronze, silver and gold. Many of the listed 
coins with inscriptions in Greek can be found in B. Head, Historia 
Numorum: A Manual of Greek Numismatics (London, 1911) and C.M. Kraay, 
Archaic and Classical Greek Coins (London, 1976). Many of the Roman 
provincial mints in modern Bulgaria are covered in I. Varbanov, Greek 
Imperial Coins I: Dacia, Moesia Superior, Moesia Inferior (Bourgas, 
2005), id., Greek Imperial Coins II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia) 
(Bourgas, 2005), id., Greek Imperial Coins III: Thrace (from Perinthus 
to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia 
(Bourgas 2007). A non-exclusive list of pre-Roman and Roman mints 
include Mesembria (modern Nesembar), Dionysopolis (Balchik), 
Marcianopolis (Devnya), Nicopolis ad Istrum (near Veliko Tarnovo), 
Odessus (Varna), Anchialus (Pomorie), Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol), 
Cabyle (Kabile), Deultum (Debelt), Nicopolis ad Nestum (Garmen), 
Pautalia (Kyustendil), Philippopolis (Plovdiv), Serdica (Sofia), and 
Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora). Later coins may be found in A. Radushev 
and G. Zhekov, Catalogue of Bulgarian Medieval Coins IX-XV c. (Sofia 
1999) and J. Youroukova and V. Penchev, Bulgarian Medieval Coins and 
Seals (Sofia 1990).
    a. Pre-monetary media of exchange including ``arrow money,'' bells, 
and bracelets. Approximate date: 13th century B.C. through 6th century 
B.C.
    b. Thracian and Hellenistic coins struck in gold, silver, and 
bronze by city-states and kingdoms that operated in the territory of 
the modern Bulgarian state. This designation includes official coinages 
of Greek-using city-states and kingdoms, Sycthian and Celtic coinage, 
and local imitations of official issues. Also included are Greek coins 
from nearby regions that are found in Bulgaria. Approximate date: 6th 
century BC through the 1st century B.C.
    c. Roman provincial coins--Locally produced coins usually struck in 
bronze or copper at mints in the territory of the modern state of 
Bulgaria. May also be silver, silver plate, or gold. Approximate date: 
1st century BC through the 4th century A.D.
    d. Coinage of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires and Byzantine 
Empire--Struck in gold, silver, and bronze by Bulgarian and Byzantine 
emperors at mints within the modern state of Bulgaria. Approximate 
date: 4th century A.D. through A.D. 1396.
    e. Ottoman coins--Struck at mints within the modern state of 
Bulgaria. Approximate date: A.D. 1396 through A.D. 1750.
C. Ceramic
1. Sculpture
    a. Architectural Elements--Baked clay (terracotta) elements used to 
decorate buildings. Elements include tiles, acroteria, antefixes, 
painted and relief plaques, metopes, cornices, roof tiles, pipes, and 
revetments. May be painted as icons. Also included are wall and floor 
plaster decorations. Approximate date: First millennium through 1750 
A.D.
    b. Large Statuary--Subject matter includes human and animal figures 
and groups of figures in the round. Common

[[Page 2784]]

types are large-scale, free-standing statuary from approximately 1 m to 
2.5 m in height and life-size busts (head and shoulders of an 
individual). Approximate date: Neolithic through 6th century A.D.
    c. Small Statuary--Subject matter is varied and includes human and 
animal figures, human body parts, groups of figures in the round, 
shrines, houses, and chariots. These range from approximately 10 cm to 
1 m in height. Approximate date: Neolithic through 6th century A.D.
2. Vessels
    a. Neolithic and Chalcolithic Pottery--Handmade, decorated with 
appliqu[eacute] and/or incision, sometimes decorated with a lustrous 
burnish or added paint. These come in a variety of shapes from simple 
bowls and vases with three or four legs, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic 
vessels, to handled scoops and large storage jars.
    b. Bronze Age through Thracian Pottery--Handmade and wheel-made 
pottery in shapes for tableware, serving, storing, and processing, with 
lustrous burnished, matte, appliqu[eacute], incised, and painted 
decoration.
    c. Black Figure and Red Figure Pottery--These are made in a 
specific set of shapes (e.g. amphorae, kraters, hydriae, oinochoi, 
kylikes) decorated with black painted figures on a clear clay ground 
(Black Figure), decorative elements in reserve with background fired 
black (Red Figure), and multi-colored figures painted on a white ground 
(White Ground). Approximate date: First millennium B.C.
    d. Terra sigillata--Is a high quality table ware made of red to 
reddish brown clay, and covered with a glossy slip. Approximate date: 
Roman.
    e. Seals--On the handles and necks of bottles (amphorae). First 
millennium B.C through Middle Ages.
    f. Middle Ages--Includes undecorated plain wares, utilitarian 
wares, tableware, serving and storage jars, and special containers such 
as pilgrim flasks. These can be matte painted or glazed, including 
incised as ``sgraffitto,'' stamped, and with elaborate polychrome 
decorations using floral, geometric, human, and animal motifs.
D. Bone, Ivory, Horn, and Other Organics
    1. Small Statuary and figurines--Subject matter includes human and 
animal figures and groups of figures in the round. These range from 
approximately 10 cm to 1 m in height. Approximate date: Neolithic 
through Middle Ages.
    2. Personal Ornaments--In bone, ivory, and spondylus shell. Types 
include amulets, combs, pins, spoons, small containers, bracelets, 
buckles, and beads. Approximate date: Neolithic through Middle Ages.
    3. Seals and Stamps--Small devices with at least one side engraved 
with a design for stamping or sealing; they can be discoid, cuboid, 
conoid, or in the shape and animals or fantastic creatures (e.g., a 
scarab). Approximate date: Neolithic through Middle Ages.
    4. Tools and Weapons--In bone and horn. Needles, awls, chisels, 
axes, hoes, picks, harpoons. Approximate date: Neolithic through Middle 
Ages.
E. Glass and Faience
    1. Vessels--Shapes include small jars, bowls, animal shaped, 
goblet, spherical, candle holders, perfume jars (unguentaria). 
Approximate date: First millennium B.C. through 1750 A.D.
    2. Beads--Globular and relief beads. Approximate date: Bronze Age 
through Middle Ages.
F. Paintings
    1. Domestic and Public Wall Painting--These are painted on 
mudplaster, lime plaster (wet--buon fresco--and dry--secco fresco); 
types include simple applied color, bands and borders, landscapes, 
scenes of people and/or animals in natural or built settings. 
Approximate date: First millennium B.C. through 1750 A.D.
    2. Tomb Paintings--Paintings on plaster or stone, sometimes 
geometric or floral but usually depicting gods, goddesses, or funerary 
scenes. Approximate date: First millennium B.C. through 6th century 
A.D.
    G. Mosaics--Floor mosaics including landscapes, scenes of humans or 
gods, and activities such as hunting and fishing. There may also be 
vegetative, floral, or decorative motifs. Approximate date: First 
millennium B.C. through 1750 A.D.

II. Ecclesiastical Ethnological Material

    The categories of Bulgarian ecclesiastical ethnological objects on 
which import restrictions are imposed were made from the beginning of 
the 4th century A.D. through approximately 1750 A. D.
A. Stone
    1. Architectural elements--In marble and other stone, including 
thrones, upright ``closure'' slabs, circular marking slabs omphalion, 
altar partitions, and altar tables which may be decorated with crosses, 
human, or animal figures.
    2. Monuments--In marble and other stone; types such as ritual 
crosses, funerary inscriptions.
    3. Vessels--Containers for holy water.
    4. Reliefs--In steatite or other stones, carved as icons in which 
religious figures predominate in the figural decoration.
B. Metal
    1. Reliefs--Cast as icons in which religious figures predominate in 
the figural decoration.
    2. Boxes--Containers of gold and silver, used as reliquaries for 
sacred human remains.
    3. Vessels--Containers of lead, which carried aromatic oils and are 
called ``pilgrim flasks.''
    4. Ceremonial paraphernalia--In bronze, silver, and gold including 
censers (incense burners), book covers, processional crosses, 
liturgical crosses, archbishop's crowns, buckles, and chests. These are 
often decorated with molded or incised geometric motifs or scenes from 
the Bible, and encrusted with semi-precious or precious stones. The 
gems themselves may be engraved with religious figures or inscriptions. 
Ecclesiastical treasure may include all of the above, as well as rings, 
earrings, and necklaces (some decorated with ecclesiastical themes) and 
other implements (e.g., spoons, baptism vessels, chalices).
    C. Ceramic--Vessels which carried aromatic oils and are called 
``pilgrim flasks.''
    D. Bone And Ivory Objects--Ceremonial paraphernalia including 
boxes, reliquaries (and their contents) plaques, pendants, candelabra, 
stamp rings, crosses. Carved and engraved decoration includes religious 
figures, scenes from the Bible, and floral and geometric designs.
    E. Wood--Wooden objects include architectural elements such as 
painted wood screens (iconostases), carved doors, crosses, painted 
wooden beams from churches or monasteries, furniture such as thrones, 
chests and other objects, including musical instruments. Religious 
figures predominate in the painted and carved figural decoration. 
Ecclesiastical furniture and architectural elements may also be 
decorated with geometric or floral designs.
    F. Glass--Vessels of glass include lamps and candle sticks.
    G. Textile--Robes, vestments and altar clothes are often of a fine 
fabric and richly embroidered in silver and gold. Embroidered designs 
include religious motifs and floral and geometric designs.
    H. Parchment--Documents such as illuminated ritual manuscripts 
occur in single leaves or bound as a book or

[[Page 2785]]

``codex'' and are written or painted on animal skins (cattle, sheep/
goat, camel) known as parchment.
I. Painting
    1. Wall paintings--On various kinds of plaster and which generally 
portray religious images and scenes of Biblical events. Surrounding 
paintings may contain animal, floral, or geometric designs, including 
borders and bands.
    2. Panel Paintings (Icons)--Smaller versions of the scenes on wall 
paintings, and may be partially covered with gold or silver, sometimes 
encrusted with semi-precious or precious stones and are usually painted 
on a wooden panel, often for inclusion in a wooden screen 
(iconastasis). May also be painted on ceramic.
    J. Mosaics--Wall mosaics generally portray religious images and 
scenes of Biblical events.
    Surrounding panels may contain animal, floral, or geometric 
designs. They are made from stone and glass cut into small bits 
(tesserae) and laid into a plaster matrix.

Inapplicability of Notice and Delayed Effective Date

    This amendment involves a foreign affairs function of the United 
States and is, therefore, being made without notice or public procedure 
(5 U.S.C. 553(a)(1)). For the same reason, a delayed effective date is 
not required under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3).

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required, the 
provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) do 
not apply.

Executive Order 12866

    Because this rule involves a foreign affairs function of the United 
States, it is not subject to Executive Order 12866.

Signing Authority

    This regulation is being issued in accordance with 19 CFR 
0.1(a)(1).

List of Subjects in 19 CFR Part 12

    Cultural property, Customs duties and inspection, Imports, 
Prohibited merchandise, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Amendment to CBP Regulations

    For the reasons set forth above, part 12 of Title 19 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations (19 CFR Part 12), is amended as set forth below:

PART 12--SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE

0
1. The general authority citation for part 12 and the specific 
authority citation for Sec.  12.104g continue to read as follows:

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 19 U.S.C. 66, 1202 (General Note 3(i), 
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS)), 1624.
* * * * *
    Sections 12.104 through 12.104i also issued under 19 U.S.C. 
2612;
* * * * *


0
2. In Sec.  12.104g, paragraph (a), the table is amended by adding the 
Republic of Bulgaria to the list in appropriate alphabetical order as 
follows:


Sec.  12.104g  Specific items or categories designated by agreements or 
emergency actions.

    (a) * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State party              Cultural property      Decision No.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
Bulgaria......................  Archaeological          CBP Dec. 14-01
                                 material representing
                                 Bulgaria's cultural
                                 heritage from
                                 Neolithic period
                                 (7500 B.C.) through
                                 approximately 1750 A.
                                 D. and ecclesiastical
                                 ethnological material
                                 representing
                                 Bulgaria's Middle
                                 Ages (681 A. D.)
                                 through approximately
                                 1750 A. D.
 
                              * * * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

Thomas S. Winkowski,
Acting Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
    Approved: January 8, 2014.
Timothy E. Skud,
Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.
[FR Doc. 2014-00615 Filed 1-15-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9111-14-P