[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 75 (Friday, April 18, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 21857-21861]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-08747]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Parts 52 and 81

[Docket No. EPA-R02-OAR-2013-0592; FRL-9909-65-Region 2]


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; 
New York State; Redesignation of Areas for 1997 Annual and 2006 24-Hour 
Fine Particulate Matter and Approval of the Associated Maintenance Plan

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: On June 27, 2013 the New York State Department of 
Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) submitted a request for the 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to approve the redesignation of 
the New York portion of the New York-N.New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT 
nonattainment area for the 1997 annual and the 2006 24-hour Fine 
Particle (PM2.5) National Ambient Air Quality Standards 
(NAAQS). In conjunction with its redesignation request, New York 
submitted a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision containing a 
maintenance plan for the area that provides for continued maintenance 
of the 1997 annual and 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS. The 
submittals included the 2007 ammonia (NH3), volatile organic 
compounds (VOC), nitrogen oxides (NOX), PM10, 
direct PM2.5 and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions 
inventories submitted to meet the comprehensive emissions inventory 
requirements of section 172(c)(3) of the Clean Air Act (CAA), and 
accompanying motor vehicle emissions budgets. EPA is taking final 
action to approve the requested SIP revisions and to redesignate the 
New York portion of the New York-N.New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT 
nonattainment area to attainment for the 1997 annual and the 2006 24-
hour PM2.5 NAAQS.

DATES: This rule is effective on April 18, 2014.

ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID 
Number EPA-R02-OAR-2013-0592. All documents in the docket are listed in 
the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the 
electronic docket, some information is not publicly available, i.e., 
confidential business information (CBI) or other information

[[Page 21858]]

whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such 
as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be 
publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket 
materials are available either electronically through http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy for public inspection during normal 
business hours at the Air Programs Branch, U.S. Environmental 
Protection Agency, Region II, 290 Broadway, New York, New York 10007.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gavin Lau (lau.gavin@epa.gov), Air 
Programs Branch, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York 10007-
1866, (212) 637-4249.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ``we,'' 
``us,'' or ``our'' is used, we mean EPA.

I. Background and Purpose

    On June 27, 2013, the NYSDEC submitted a request to redesignate the 
New York portion of the New York-N.New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT 
nonattainment area (NYNAA) from nonattainment to attainment for the 
1997 annual and the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS. Concurrently, 
NYSDEC submitted a maintenance plan for the area as a SIP revision to 
ensure continued attainment. NYSDEC provided supplemental submissions 
to EPA on September 18, 2013, and February 27, 2014, to clarify 
portions of the redesignation request, maintenance plan, and emissions 
information.
    Specific details regarding EPA's analysis of New York's SIP can be 
found in the proposed rulemaking published in the Federal Register (FR) 
on February 11, 2014 (79 FR 8133).

II. What comments did EPA receive on its proposal?

    EPA received three comments in support of the proposal. No adverse 
comments were received.

III. What corrections were made to emissions information?

    On February 27, 2014, NYSDEC submitted updated information 
correcting PM10 emissions for eight emissions units. Control 
efficiencies were not applied to these units which affects how rule 
effectiveness is calculated. The corrections to the PM10 
emissions do not affect the redesignation of the NYNAA for the 1997 
annual and the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS from nonattainment 
to attainment. Typographical corrections were also made to 
NH3 emissions information. The corrections do not affect air 
quality or EPA's analysis which concludes that the NYNAA meets the 
requirements for redesignation under section 107(d)(3)(E) of the CAA. 
The State's maintenance plan shows that the NYNAA will continue to 
maintain the 1997 annual and 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS and 
demonstrates that PM2.5 and PM2.5 precursor 
emissions inventories will remain below the attainment year inventories 
through at least 2025. Tables 5, 6A, 6B, and 6C have been amended for 
PM10 and NH3 emissions and now read as follows:

                                                      Table 5--2007 NYNAA PM2.5 Base Year Inventory
                                                                     [In tons/year]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Source sector                             VOC             NOX            PM10            PM2.5            SO2             NH3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Point...................................................        3,707.01       38,195.94      124,948.39      124,750.31       43,886.32          862.89
Nonpoint................................................      101,481.89       41,899.74       48,054.84       11,621.00       29,513.22        1,960.83
Nonroad.................................................       46,026.72       59,512.46        4,170.45        3,899.30        6,052.88            1.96
On road.................................................       71,379.46      149,501.91        9,723.36        6,835.30          982.77        3,584.40
Road Dust...............................................             N/A             N/A        3,483.59        1,174.60             N/A             N/A
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total...............................................      222,595.08      289,110.05      190,380.63      148,280.52       80,435.19        6,410.08
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                           Table 6A--2007 Emission Totals by Source Sector (tpy) for the NYNAA
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Source sector                             VOC             NOX            PM10            PM2.5            SO2             NH3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Point...................................................        3,707.01       38,195.94      124,948.39      124,750.31       43,886.32          862.89
Nonpoint................................................      101,481.89       41,899.74       48,054.84       11,621.00       29,513.22        1,960.83
Nonroad.................................................       46,026.72       59,512.46        4,170.45        3,899.30        6,052.88            1.96
On road.................................................       71,379.46      149,501.91        9,723.36        6,835.30          982.77        3,584.40
Road Dust...............................................             N/A             N/A        3,483.59        1,174.60             N/A             N/A
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total...............................................      222,595.08      289,110.05      190,380.63      148,280.52       80,435.19        6,410.08
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                           Table 6B--2017 Emission Totals by Source Sector (tpy) for the NYNAA
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Source sector                             VOC             NOX            PM10            PM2.5            SO2             NH3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Point...................................................        4,131.72       37,066.75      124,936.11      124,290.57       43,484.29          867.60
Nonpoint................................................       93,790.95       36,640.38       34,306.76        9,403.95        4,412.25           1,915
Nonroad.................................................       26,408.16       45,197.21        3,040.77        2,809.06        4,212.42            1.12
On road.................................................       33,083.83       68,362.66        7,171.83        3,897.71          939.20        2,340.95
Road Dust...............................................             N/A             N/A        2,959.46          954.01             N/A  ..............
Tappan Zee Project......................................             N/A          457.00             N/A             N/A             N/A  ..............
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total...............................................      157,414.67      187,724.00      172,414.93      141,355.28       53,048.17        5,124.68
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 21859]]


                                           Table 6C--2025 Emission Totals by Source Sector (tpy) for the NYNAA
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Source sector                             VOC             NOX            PM10            PM2.5            SO2             NH3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Point...................................................        4,153.64       37,645.59      124,943.65      124,294.66       43,596.39          872.33
Nonpoint................................................       94,698.56       35,467.73       38,066.67       10,126.70        4,389.48        1,924.66
Nonroad.................................................       24,737.31       42,773.21        2,519.12        2,290.95        4,599.34            1.05
On road.................................................       26,911.17       51,260.81        6,952.22        3,291.09          935.40        2,443.53
Road Dust...............................................             N/A             N/A        3,184.31          960.05             N/A  ..............
                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total...............................................      150,500.68      167,147.34      175,665.97      140,963.45       53,520.61        5,241.57
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

IV. What is EPA's final action?

    EPA has evaluated New York's redesignation request and determined 
that it meets the redesignation criteria set forth in the CAA, and is 
consistent with Agency regulations and policy. EPA is taking several 
actions on New York's request. EPA is approving New York's request for 
the redesignation of the New York portion of the NY-NJ-CT nonattainment 
area from nonattainment to attainment for the 1997 PM2.5 
annual and the 2006 PM2.5 24-hour NAAQS. EPA is approving 
New York's maintenance plan for the New York portion of the NY-NJ-CT 
nonattainment area because it meets the requirements set forth in 
section 175A of the CAA. EPA is approving the 2007 NH3, VOC, 
NOX, PM10, direct PM2.5 and 
SO2 emissions inventories as meeting the comprehensive 
emissions inventory requirements of section 172(c)(3) of the CAA. 
Additionally, EPA is approving the 2009, 2017, and 2025 motor vehicle 
emissions budgets for PM2.5 and NOX.
    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(d), EPA finds there is good cause 
for this action to become effective immediately upon publication. A 
delayed effective date is unnecessary due to the nature of a 
redesignation to attainment, which eliminates CAA obligations that 
would otherwise apply. The immediate effective date for this action is 
authorized under both 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(1), which provides that 
rulemaking actions may become effective less than 30 days after 
publication if the rule ``grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves 
a restriction,'' and section 553(d)(3), which allows an effective date 
less than 30 days after publication ``as otherwise provided by the 
agency for good cause found and published with the rule.'' The purpose 
of the 30-day waiting period prescribed in section 553(d) is to give 
affected parties a reasonable time to adjust their behavior and prepare 
before the final rule takes effect. Today's rule, however, does not 
create any new regulatory requirements such that affected parties would 
need time to prepare before the rule takes effect. Rather, today's rule 
relieves New York of the obligation to comply with nonattainment-
related planning requirements for this PM2.5 Area pursuant 
to Part D of the CAA. For these reasons, EPA finds good cause under 5 
U.S.C. 553(d) for this action to become effective on the date of 
publication of this rulemaking.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a 
SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and 
applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). 
Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state 
choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. 
Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal 
requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those 
imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:
     Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 
12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
     does not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     is certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     does not have Federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     is not an economically significant regulatory action based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     is not a significant regulatory action subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent 
with the Clean Air Act; and
     does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to 
address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental 
effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under 
Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
    In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as 
specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), 
because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in 
the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct 
costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.
    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and 
other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior 
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot 
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal 
Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 
804(2).
    Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for 
judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court 
of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by June 17, 2014. Filing a 
petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule 
does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of 
judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for 
judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness 
of such rule or action. This action may

[[Page 21860]]

not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. 
(See section 307(b)(2).)

List of Subjects

40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Nitrogen dioxide, Particulate matter, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds.

40 CFR Part 81

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control.

    Dated: April 7, 2014.
Judith A. Enck,
Regional Administrator, Region 2.

    Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is 
amended as follows:

PART 52--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart HH--New York

0
2. Section 52.1670 is amended by adding a new entry to the end of the 
table in paragraph (e) to read as follows:


Sec.  52.1670  Identification of plan.

* * * * *
    (e) * * *

                       EPA-Approved New York Nonregulatory and Quasi-Regulatory Provisions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Applicable
        Action/SIP Element            geographic or      New York submittal   EPA Approval date     Explanation
                                    nonattainment area          date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
Maintenance plan for the 1997 and  New York portion of  6/27/13 and          4/18/14 [Insert
 2006 PM2.5 National Ambient Air    the 1997 and 2006    supplemented on 9/   page number where
 Quality Standards. 2007            New York-Northern    18/13 and 2/27/14.   the document
 attainment year emissions          New Jersey-Long                           begins].
 inventory. 2009, 2017, and 2025    Island, NY-NJ-CT,
 motor vehicle emissions budget.    PM2.5
                                    nonattainment area.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
3. Section 52.1678 is amended by adding new paragraphs (h), (i), and 
(j) to read as follows:


Sec.  52.1678  Control strategy and regulations: Particulate matter.

* * * * *
    (h) Approval--The maintenance plan submitted on June 27, 2013, and 
supplemented on September 18, 2013 and February 27, 2014, for the 1997 
PM2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard and the 2006 
PM2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for the New York 
portion of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT, 
PM2.5 nonattainment area has been approved.
    (1) The maintenance plan establishes 2009 motor vehicle emission 
budget for the New York portion of the New York-Northern New Jersey-
Long Island, NY-NJ-CT, PM2.5 nonattainment area. The budget 
is allocated as follows: 5,516.75 tons per year for PM2.5 
and 106,020.09 tons per year for NOX.
    (2) The maintenance plan establishes 2017 motor vehicle emission 
budget for the New York portion of the New York-Northern New Jersey-
Long Island, NY-NJ-CT, PM2.5 nonattainment area. The budget 
is allocated as follows: 3,897.71 tons per year for PM2.5 
and 68,362.66 tons per year for NOX.
    (3) The maintenance plan establishes 2025 motor vehicle emission 
budget for the New York portion of the New York-Northern New Jersey-
Long Island, NY-NJ-CT, PM2.5 nonattainment area. The budget 
is allocated as follows: 3,291.09 tons per year for PM2.5 
and 51,260.81 tons per year for NOX.
    (i) Approval--The 2007 attainment year emissions inventory for the 
New York portion of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-
NJ-CT, PM2.5 nonattainment area. This inventory satisfies 
the comprehensive emission inventory requirements of section 172(c)(3).
    (j) Approval--The 2007 base year inventory for PM10 to 
establish a PM10 emissions inventory for New York County.

PART 81--[AMENDED]

0
4. The authority citation for part 81 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.


0
5. In Sec.  81.333:
0
a. The table entitled ``New York--PM2.5 (Annual NAAQS)'' is 
amended by revising the entries under ``New York-N. New Jersey-Long 
Island, NY-NJ-CT'' for ``Bronx County'', ``Kings County'', ``Nassau 
County'', ``New York County'', ``Orange County'', ``Queens County'', 
``Richmond County'', ``Rockland County'', ``Suffolk County'', and 
``Westchester County''.
0
b. The table entitled ``New York--PM2.5 [24-hour NAAQS]'' is 
amended by revising the entries under ``New York-N. New Jersey-Long 
Island, NY-NJ-CT'' for ``Bronx County'', ``Kings County'', ``Nassau 
County'', ``New York County'', ``Orange County'', ``Queens County'', 
``Richmond County'', ``Rockland County'', ``Suffolk County'', and 
``Westchester County''.
    The revisions read as follows:


Sec.  81.333  New York.

* * * * *

[[Page 21861]]



                       New York--PM[ihel2].[ihel5]
                             [Annual NAAQS]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Designation \a\
        Designated area         ----------------------------------------
                                    Date \1\               Type
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
              New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Bronx County...............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Kings County...............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Nassau County..............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    New York County............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Orange County..............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Queens County..............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Richmond County............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Rockland County............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Suffolk County.............         4/18/14  Attainment.
    Westchester County.........         4/18/14  Attainment.
 
                              * * * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Includes Indian Country located in each county or area, except as
  otherwise specified.
\1\ This date is 90 days after January 5, 2005, unless otherwise noted.


                                           New York--PM[ihel2].[ihel5]
                                                 [24-Hour NAAQS]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Designation for the 1997 NAAQS \a\     Designation for the 2006 NAAQS \a\
         Designated area          ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Date \1\             Type            Date \2\               Type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
                                  New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Bronx County.................  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Kings County.................  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Nassau County................  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    New York County..............  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Orange County................  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Queens County................  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Richmond County..............  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Rockland County..............  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Suffolk County...............  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
    Westchester County...........  ..............  Unclassifiable/             4/18/14  Attainment.
                                                    Attainment.
 
                                                  * * * * * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Includes Indian Country located in each county or area, except as otherwise specified.
\1\ This date is 90 days after January 5, 2005, unless otherwise noted.
\2\ This date is 30 days after November 13, 2009, unless otherwise noted.

* * * * *
[FR Doc. 2014-08747 Filed 4-17-14; 8:45 am]
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