[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 77 (Tuesday, April 22, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 22415-22418]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-08613]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Parts 52 and 81

[EPA-R05-OAR-2012-0464; FRL-9909-50-Region-5]


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; 
Wisconsin; Redesignation of the Milwaukee-Racine 2006 24-Hour Fine 
Particle Nonattainment Area to Attainment

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving 
Wisconsin's request to redesignate the Milwaukee-Racine, Wisconsin 
nonattainment area (Milwaukee, Racine and Waukesha Counties) to 
attainment for the 2006 24-hour National Ambient Air Quality Standard 
(NAAQS or standard) for fine particulate matter (PM2.5) 
because the request meets the statutory requirements for redesignation 
under the Clean Air Act (CAA). The Wisconsin Department of Natural 
Resources (WDNR) submitted this request to EPA on June 8, 2012, and 
supplemented it on May 30, 2013. EPA's approval involves several 
related actions. EPA is making a determination that the Milwaukee-
Racine area has attained the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 standard. 
EPA is approving, as a revision to the Wisconsin state implementation 
plan (SIP), the state's plan for maintaining the 2006 24-hour 
PM2.5 NAAQS through 2025 in the area. EPA is also approving 
the comprehensive emissions inventories submitted by WDNR for Nitrogen 
Oxides (NOX), Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), primary 
PM2.5, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), and ammonia as 
meeting the requirements of the CAA. Finally, EPA finds adequate and is 
approving Wisconsin's direct PM2.5, SO2, 
NOX and VOC Motor Vehicle Emission Budgets (MVEBs) for 2020 
and 2025 for the Milwaukee-Racine area.

DATES: This final rule is effective on April 22, 2014.

ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID 
No. EPA-R05-OAR-2012-0464. All documents in the docket are listed on

[[Page 22416]]

the www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some 
information is not publicly available, i.e., Confidential Business 
Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted 
by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is 
not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard 
copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either 
electronically through www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the 
Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, Air and Radiation Division, 
77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. This facility is 
open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding 
Federal holidays. We recommend that you telephone Gilberto Alvarez, 
Environmental Scientist, at (312 886-6143 before visiting the Region 5 
office.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gilberto Alvarez, Environmental 
Scientist, Attainment Planning and Maintenance Section, Air Programs 
Branch (AR-18J), Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, 77 West 
Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604, (312) 886-6143, 
alvarez.gilberto@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document whenever ``we,'' 
``us,'' or ``our'' is used, we mean EPA. This supplementary information 
section is arranged as follows:

I. What is the background for the actions?
II. What actions is EPA taking?
III. What is EPA's response to comments?
IV. Why is EPA taking these actions?
V. Final Action
VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. What is the background for the actions?

    On June 8, 2012, WDNR submitted its request to redesignate the 
Milwaukee-Racine, Wisconsin nonattainment area (Milwaukee, Racine and 
Waukesha Counties) to attainment for the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 
NAAQS, and for EPA approval of the SIP revision containing an emissions 
inventory and a maintenance plan for the area. WDNR supplemented its 
submission on May 30, 2013. On February 18, 2014, EPA published a 
proposed rule (79 FR 9134) making a determination that the Milwaukee-
Racine area is attaining the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 standard and 
that the area has met the requirements for redesignation under section 
107(d)(3)(E) of the CAA.

II. What actions is EPA taking?

    EPA has determined that the Milwaukee-Racine area has attained and 
continues to attain the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 standard, that 
the area has attained this standard by the applicable attainment date, 
and that the area meets the requirements for redesignation under 
section 107(d)(3)(E) of the CAA. EPA proposed this determination based 
on monitoring data showing attainment of the standard for the 2008-
2010, 2009-2011, 2010-2012 and 2013 time periods. Monitoring data for 
2013 show that the area continues to attain the standard. Because the 
area continues to attain the standard and meets all other requirements 
for redesignation under CAA section 107(d)(3)(E), EPA is approving the 
request from Wisconsin to change the legal designation of the 
Milwaukee-Racine area from nonattainment to attainment for the 2006 24-
hour PM2.5 NAAQS.
    EPA is taking several actions related to Wisconsin's 
PM2.5 redesignation request, as discussed below.
    EPA is approving, pursuant to CAA section 175A, Wisconsin's 2006 
24-hour PM2.5 maintenance plan for the Milwaukee-Racine area 
as a revision to the Wisconsin SIP (such approval being one of the CAA 
criteria for redesignation to attainment status). The maintenance plan 
is designed to keep the Milwaukee-Racine area in attainment of the 2006 
24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS through 2025.
    EPA is approving, pursuant to CAA section 172(c)(3), both the 2006 
emission inventories for primary PM2.5,\1\ NOX, 
VOC and SO2,\2\ and the 2007 emission inventory for ammonia. 
These emission inventories satisfy the requirement in section 172(c)(3) 
of the CAA for a comprehensive, current emission inventory.
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    \1\ Fine particulates directly emitted by sources and not formed 
in a secondary manner through chemical reactions or other processes 
in the atmosphere.
    \2\ NOX and SO2 are precursors for fine 
particulates through chemical reactions and other related processes 
in the atmosphere.
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    Finally, for transportation conformity purposes EPA finds adequate 
and is approving Wisconsin's direct PM2.5, SO2, 
NOX and VOC MVEBs for 2020 and 2025 for the Milwaukee-Racine 
area.

III. What is EPA's response to comments?

    EPA received no adverse comments on the February 18, 2014, 
proposal. EPA received four comments in support of the February 18, 
2014, proposal from: (1) Harold Pederson, a private citizen, (2) the 
WDNR, (3) Eric Bott, with the Wisconsin Manufacturers & Commerce 
organization and (4) five members of the United States Congressional 
delegation from Wisconsin.
    In addition, EPA would like to correct two of the 98th Percentile 
values within Table 1 on page 9136 of the proposed rule (79 FR 9134). 
The value (in micrograms per cubic meter) for 2013 for monitor number 
550790026 which is currently listed as 19.0 should be changed to 21.2. 
The value for 2013 for monitor number 550790099 which is currently 19.7 
should be changed to 20.5. The original values were entered incorrectly 
due to a calculation error. EPA notes that both of these corrected 
values are still below the NAAQS and do not impact the overall outcome 
of the redesignation.

IV. Why is EPA taking these actions?

    EPA has determined that the Milwaukee-Racine area has attained and 
continues to attain the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS and that 
the area has attained this standard by its applicable attainment date. 
EPA has also determined that all other criteria have been met for the 
redesignation of the Milwaukee-Racine area from nonattainment to 
attainment of the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS and for approval 
of Wisconsin's maintenance plan for the area. See CAA sections 
107(d)(3)(E) and 175A. The detailed rationale for EPA's findings and 
actions is set forth in the proposed rulemaking of February 18, 2014 
(79 FR 9134), and in this final rulemaking.

V. Final Action

    EPA is making a determination that the Milwaukee-Racine area has 
attained the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 standard by its attainment 
date and that the area continues to attain the standard. EPA has 
determined that the area has met the requirements for redesignation 
under section 107(d)(3)(E) and 175A of the CAA. EPA is thus approving 
the request from Wisconsin to change the legal designation of the 
Milwaukee-Racine area from nonattainment to attainment for the 2006 24-
hour PM2.5 NAAQS. EPA is also approving Wisconsin's 
PM2.5 maintenance plan for the Milwaukee-Racine area as a 
revision to the Wisconsin SIP, because the plan meets the requirements 
of section 175A of the CAA. EPA is approving the comprehensive 
emissions inventories submitted by WDNR for NOX, 
SO2, primary PM2.5, VOC, and ammonia as meeting 
the requirements of the CAA. Finally, EPA finds adequate and is 
approving Wisconsin's direct PM2.5, SO2, 
NOX and VOC MVEBs for 2020 and 2025 for the Milwaukee-Racine 
area.
    In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(d), EPA finds there is good cause 
for these actions to become effective immediately upon publication. 
This is because a delayed effective date is unnecessary due to the 
nature of a redesignation to

[[Page 22417]]

attainment, which relieves the area from certain CAA requirements that 
would otherwise apply to it. The immediate effective date for this 
action is authorized under both 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(1), which provides that 
rulemaking actions may become effective less than 30 days after 
publication if the rule ``grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves 
a restriction,'' and section 553(d)(3) which allows an effective date 
less than 30 days after publication ``as otherwise provided by the 
agency for good cause found and published with the rule.'' The purpose 
of the 30-day waiting period prescribed in section 553(d) is to give 
affected parties a reasonable time to adjust their behavior and prepare 
before the final rule takes effect. Today's rule, however, does not 
create any new regulatory requirements such that affected parties would 
need time to prepare before the rule takes effect. Rather, today's rule 
relieves the state of planning requirements for the Milwaukee-Racine 
24-hour PM2.5 nonattainment area. For these reasons, EPA 
finds good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) for these actions to become 
effective on the date of publication of these actions.

VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under the CAA, redesignation of an area to attainment and the 
accompanying approval of a maintenance plan under section 107(d)(3)(E) 
are actions that affect the status of a geographical area and do not 
impose any additional regulatory requirements on sources beyond those 
imposed by state law. A redesignation to attainment does not in and of 
itself create any new requirements, but rather results in the 
applicability of requirements contained in the CAA for areas that have 
been redesignated to attainment. Moreover, the Administrator is 
required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions 
of the CAA and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 
CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to 
approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. 
Accordingly, these actions merely do not impose additional requirements 
beyond those imposed by state law and the CAA. For that reason, these 
actions:
     Are not ``significant regulatory actions'' subject to 
review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 
12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
     do not impose an information collection burden under the 
provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
     are certified as not having a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
     do not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or 
uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
     do not have Federalism implications as specified in 
Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
     are not economically significant regulatory actions based 
on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997);
     are not significant regulatory actions subject to 
Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
     are not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the 
National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 
note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent 
with the CAA; and
     do not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to 
address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental 
effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under 
Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
    In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as 
specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), 
because a determination of attainment is an action that affects the 
status of a geographical area and does not impose any new regulatory 
requirements on tribes, impact any existing sources of air pollution on 
tribal lands, nor impair the maintenance of particulate matter national 
ambient air quality standards in tribal lands.
    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and 
other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior 
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot 
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal 
Register. These actions are not ``major rules'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 
804(2).
    Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review 
of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for 
the appropriate circuit by June 23, 2014. Filing a petition for 
reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect 
the finality of these actions for the purposes of judicial review nor 
does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may 
be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or 
action. These actions may not be challenged later in proceedings to 
enforce their requirements. (See section 307(b)(2))

List of Subjects

40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Intergovernmental relations, Particulate matter.

40 CFR Part 81

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, National parks, 
Wilderness areas.

    Dated: April 4, 2014.
Susan Hedman,
Regional Administrator, Region 5.

    40 CFR parts 52 and 81 are amended as follows:

PART 52--APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.


0
2. Section 52.2584 is amended by adding paragraphs (d) and (e) to read 
as follows:


Sec.  52.2584  Control strategy; Particulate matter.

* * * * *
    (d) Approval--On April 22, 2014, EPA approved the 2006 24-Hour 
PM2.5 maintenance plan for the Milwaukee-Racine 
nonattainment area (Milwaukee, Racine and Waukesha Counties), as 
submitted on June 8, 2012. The maintenance plan establishes 2020 motor 
vehicle emissions budgets for the Milwaukee-Racine area of 2.33 tons 
per winter day 1 (tpwd) and 2.16 tpwd direct PM2.5 and 32.62 
tpwd and 28.69 tpwd NOX for the years 2020 and 2025, 
respectively.
    (e) Approval--On April 22, 2014, EPA approved the 2006 24-hour 
PM2.5 comprehensive emissions inventories for the Milwaukee-
Racine area (Milwaukee, Racine and Waukesha Counties). Wisconsin's 2006 
NOX,

[[Page 22418]]

directly emitted PM2.5, SO2, VOC, as well as the 
2007 supplemental ammonia emissions inventory satisfies the emission 
inventory requirements of section 172(c)(3) of the Clean Air Act for 
the Milwaukee-Racine area.

PART 81--DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES

0
3. The authority citation for part 81 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401, et seq.


0
4. Section 81.350 is amended by revising the entry for Milwaukee-
Racine, WI in the table entitled ``Wisconsin--PM2.5 [24-Hour 
NAAQS]'' to read as follows:


Sec.  81.350  Wisconsin.

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                                                                    Wisconsin--PM2.5
                                                                     [24-Hour NAAQS]
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                                              Designation for the 1997 NAAQS a                           Designation for the 2006 NAAQS a
          Designated area           --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Date 1                     Type                            Date 2                           Type
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Milwaukee-Racine, WI:
    Milwaukee County...............  ...........  Unclassifiable/Attainment............  April 22, 2014...........  Attainment.
    Racine County..................
    Waukesha County................
 
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\a\ Includes Indian Country located in each county or area, except as otherwise specified.
\1\ This date is 90 days after January 5, 2005, unless otherwise noted.
\2\ This date is 30 days after November 13, 2009, unless otherwise noted.

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[FR Doc. 2014-08613 Filed 4-21-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P