[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 123 (Thursday, June 26, 2014)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 36242-36248]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-14823]


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DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

10 CFR Parts 429 and 430

[Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-TP-0071]
RIN 1904-AC67


Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Integrated 
Light-Emitting Diode Lamps

AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE.

ACTION: Supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking.

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SUMMARY: On June 3, 2014, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published 
a supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (SNOPR) (hereafter the 
June 2014 SNOPR) in which DOE proposed test procedures for light-
emitting diode (LED) lamps. The June 2014 SNOPR defined methods for 
measuring the lumen output, input power, and relative spectral 
distribution (to determine correlated color temperature, or CCT). 
Further, the June 2014 SNOPR proposed a method for calculating the 
lifetime of LED lamps, and defined the lifetime as the time required 
for the LED lamp to reach a lumen maintenance of 70 percent (that is, 
70 percent of initial light output). Additionally, the June 2014 SNOPR 
added calculations for lamp efficacy as well as the color rendering 
index (CRI) of LED lamps. This SNOPR revises DOE's proposed definition 
for lifetime in the June 2014 SNOPR. The definition of lifetime 
contained in this document better aligns with the statutory definition 
of lifetime in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as 
amended. DOE also proposes a new definition for time to failure to 
support the revised definition of lifetime. Finally, this SNOPR 
discusses other necessary changes to the regulations to support the new 
and revised definitions.

DATES: DOE will accept comments, data, and information regarding this 
SNOPR until August 4, 2014. See section V, ``Public Participation,'' 
for details.

ADDRESSES: Any comments submitted must identify the SNOPR for Test 
Procedures for LED lamps, and provide docket number EE-2011-BT-TP-0071 
and/or regulatory information number (RIN) number 1904-AC67. Comments 
may be submitted using any of the following methods:
    1. Federal eRulemaking Portal: www.regulations.gov. Follow the 
instructions for submitting comments.
    2. Email: LEDLamps-2011-TP-0071@ee.doe.gov. Include the docket 
number and/or RIN in the subject line of the message.
    3. Mail: Ms. Brenda Edwards, U.S. Department of Energy, Building 
Technologies Office, Mailstop EE-5B, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., 
Washington, DC,20585-0121. If possible, please submit all items on a 
CD. It is not necessary to include printed copies.
    4. Hand Delivery/Courier: Ms. Brenda Edwards, U.S. Department of 
Energy, Building Technologies Office, 950 L'Enfant Plaza SW., Suite 
600, Washington, DC 20024. Telephone: (202) 586-2945. If possible, 
please submit all items on a CD. It is not necessary to include printed 
copies.
    For detailed instructions on submitting comments and additional 
information on the rulemaking process, see section V of this document 
(Public Participation).
    Docket: The docket is available for review at regulations.gov, 
including Federal Register notices, public meeting attendee lists and 
transcripts, comments, and other supporting documents/materials. All 
documents in the docket are listed in the regulations.gov index. 
However, not all documents listed in the index may be publicly 
available, such as information that is exempt from public disclosure.
    A link to the docket Web page can be found at: 
www1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/appliance_standards/rulemaking.aspx/ruleid/18. This Web page will contain a link to the docket for this 
notice on the regulations.gov site. The regulations.gov Web page 
contains simple instructions on how to access all documents, including 
public comments, in the docket. See section V for information on how to 
submit comments through regulations.gov.
    For further information on how to submit a comment, review other 
public comments and the docket, or participate in the public meeting, 
contact Ms. Brenda Edwards at (202) 586-2945 or by email: 
Brenda.Edwards@ee.doe.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Lucy deButts, U.S. Department of 
Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building 
Technologies Office, EE-5B, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, 
DC 20585-0121. Telephone: (202) 287-1604. Email: light_emitting_diodes@ee.doe.gov.

[[Page 36243]]

    Ms. Celia Sher, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of the General 
Counsel, GC-71, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20585-
0121. Telephone: (202) 287-6122. Email: Celia.Sher@hq.doe.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Table of Contents

I. Authority and Background
II. Summary of the Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
III. Discussion
    A. Definition of Lifetime of Integrated Light-emitting Diode 
Lamps
    B. Definition of Time to Failure
    C. Other Revisions to 10 CFR Parts 429 and 430
IV. Procedural Issues and Regulatory Review
V. Public Participation
    A. Submission of Comments
    B. Issues on Which DOE Seeks Comment
VI. Approval of the Office of the Secretary

I. Authority and Background

    Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (42 
U.S.C. 6291, et seq.; ``EPCA'') sets forth a variety of provisions 
designed to improve energy efficiency. (All references to EPCA refer to 
the statute as amended through the American Energy Manufacturing 
Technical Corrections Act (AEMTCA), Public Law 112-210 (Dec. 18, 
2012)). Part B of title III, which for editorial reasons was 
redesignated as Part A upon incorporation into the U.S. Code (42 U.S.C. 
6291-6309, as codified), establishes the ``Energy Conservation Program 
for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles.''
    Under EPCA, this program consists of four parts: (1) Testing, (2) 
labeling, (3) Federal energy conservation standards, and (4) 
certification and enforcement procedures. This rulemaking proposes test 
procedures that manufacturers of integrated LED lamps (hereafter 
referred to as ``LED lamps'') would use to meet two requirements, 
namely, to: (1) Satisfy any future energy conservation standards for 
general service LED lamps, and (2) meet obligations under labeling 
requirements for LED lamps promulgated by the Federal Trade Commission 
(FTC).
    First, test procedures in this rulemaking would be used to assess 
the performance of LED lamps relative to any potential energy 
conservation standards in a future rulemaking that includes general 
service LED lamps. DOE is currently developing energy conservation 
standards for general service lamps (GSLs), a category of lamps that 
includes general service LED lamps. 78 FR 73737 (Dec. 9, 2013).
    Second, this rulemaking supports obligations under labeling 
requirements promulgated by FTC under section 324(a)(6) of EPCA (42 
U.S.C. 6294(a)(6)). The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 
(EISA 2007) section 321(b) amended EPCA (42 U.S.C. 6294(a)(2)(D)) to 
direct FTC to consider the effectiveness of lamp labeling for power 
levels or watts, light output or lumens, and lamp lifetime. This 
rulemaking supports FTC's determination that LED lamps, which had 
previously not been labeled, require labels under EISA section 321(b) 
and 42 U.S.C. 6294(a)(6) in order to assist consumers in making 
purchasing decisions. 75 FR 41696, 41698 (July 19, 2010).
    DOE previously published two Federal Register documents pertaining 
to the test procedure for LED lamps. On April 9, 2012, DOE published a 
test procedure NOPR. 77 FR 21038. Following the publication of the 
NOPR, DOE held a public meeting on May 3, 2012 to receive feedback from 
interested parties. Then, on June 3, 2014, DOE published a test 
procedure SNOPR (the June 2014 SNOPR). 79 FR 32020. The June 2014 SNOPR 
revised the method of measuring lifetime and added directions for 
calculating and measuring lamp efficacy, CRI, and standby mode power.
    For a more complete discussion of authority and background, see the 
June 2014 SNOPR. 79 FR 32020.

II. Summary of the Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    This SNOPR (hereafter the lifetime SNOPR) builds upon the June 2014 
SNOPR, which DOE hereby affirms, except for those provisions that are 
modified by this supplemental proposal. The lifetime SNOPR proposes to 
revise the definition of lifetime as it relates to LED lamps. The 
definition of lifetime contained in this notice better aligns with the 
EPCA definition of lifetime in 42 U.S.C. 6291(30)(P). DOE also proposes 
a new definition for time to failure to support the revised definition 
of lifetime. The lifetime SNOPR describes these new definitions and 
discusses other necessary changes to 10 CFR parts 429 and 430 to 
support the new and revised definitions.

III. Discussion

A. Definition of Lifetime of Integrated Light-Emitting Diode Lamps

    In the June 2014 SNOPR, DOE proposed to define lifetime of LED 
lamps as the time at which the lumen output is equal to 70 percent of 
the initial lumen output. 79 FR at 32029. This definition was to appear 
in Appendix BB to subpart B of 10 CFR part 430, and was to be measured 
and calculated for each individual sample unit. 79 FR at 32047. DOE 
also proposed a mechanism to determine the upper limit for the 
represented value of lifetime for a basic model based on the mean or 
lower confidence limit of the sample at 10 CFR 429.56(a)(1)(i)(B)(1). 
See 79 FR at 32045.
    Upon further review, DOE concludes the proposed definition of 
lifetime should be revised to better align with the EPCA definition of 
lifetime in 42 U.S.C. 6291(30)(P). This statutory definition states 
that lifetime means the length of operating time of a statistically 
large group of lamps between first use and failure of 50 percent of the 
group in accordance with test procedures described in the Illuminating 
Engineering Society (IES) Lighting Handbook-Reference Volume. In 
addition, DOE proposes to name this metric with a term specific to LED 
lamps to clarify that this definition only applies to LED lamps.
    DOE proposes revising the name of the metric from ``lifetime,'' to 
``lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode lamps.'' DOE proposes 
defining the lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode lamps to be as 
follows: ``the length of operating time between first use and failure 
of 50 percent of the sample units (as defined in Sec.  
429.56(a)(1)(i)), in accordance with the test procedures described in 
section 4.5 of Appendix BB to subpart B of part 430 of this chapter.'' 
DOE's proposed definition is consistent with the statutory definition 
of lifetime in EPCA. First, DOE specifies a statistically large group 
of lamps by referring to the represented value requirements in section 
429.56(a)(1)(i). Second, the test procedure in section 4.5 of appendix 
BB to subpart B of part 430 refers to IES LM-79-2008 for test 
conditions, setup, and measurements. The references to IES LM-79-2008 
are consistent with EPCA's lifetime definition, which requires use of 
the test procedures described by the IES. DOE seeks comment on the 
proposed definition of lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode 
lamps.

B. Definition of Time to Failure

    To support the revised definition of lifetime as applied to LED 
lamps, DOE also proposes to define time to failure for LED lamps in 
Appendix BB to subpart B of 10 CFR part 430. The revised definition of 
lifetime refers to the ``failure'' of a lamp. Failure in the context of 
compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), for example, is the time at which the 
lamp fully extinguishes and no longer creates light. However, LED lamps 
typically exhibit gradual degradation of light output over a long

[[Page 36244]]

period of time, rather than a sudden loss of light output. While other 
criteria may also apply, lumen maintenance of 70 percent is generally 
accepted as a criterion of reaching the end of useful LED lamp 
lifetime. 79 FR at 32029. DOE proposes to treat the point in time where 
an individual LED lamp reaches 70 percent lumen maintenance as the 
point of ``failure.''
    In order to calculate the lifetime of integrated light-emitting 
diode lamps for a particular basic model, the tester must determine the 
length of time between first use and failure for each unit in the 
sample. Therefore, DOE proposes to define time to failure, in section 
2.2 of Appendix BB to subpart B of 10 CFR part 430, as ``the time 
elapsed between first use and the point at which the lamp reaches 70 
percent lumen maintenance as measured in section 4.5 of appendix BB of 
this subpart.'' DOE seeks comment on the proposed definition of time to 
failure.

C. Other Revisions to 10 CFR Parts 429 and 430

    To support the revised definition of lifetime and the newly added 
definition of time to failure, DOE also proposes other modifications to 
10 CFR parts 429 and 430. These revisions clarify that the metric 
``time to failure'' would be measured for an individual lamp, while 
``lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode lamps'' is a metric 
calculated for all sample units collectively. For example, DOE modifies 
the scope and content of Appendix BB to subpart B of 10 CFR part 430 
(See Appendix BB at sections 1, 2.2, 4, 4.2.1, 4.5, 4.5.2, 4.5.3, 
4.5.4), 10 CFR 430.23 (See section 430.23(dd)(6), and (7)), and 10 CFR 
430.25 (See section 430.25(b)) to specify measurement of time to 
failure, rather than directly measuring lifetime. Then, in proposed 10 
CFR 429.56, DOE specifies the calculation of lifetime of integrated 
light-emitting diode lamps, the metric used for representations based 
on all sample units collectively (See 429.56(a)(1)(i)(B)(1), 
(a)(1)(i)(B)(1)(ii), (a)(1)(i)(B)(4), (c), and (c)(6)).

IV. Procedural Issues and Regulatory Review

    DOE has concluded that the determinations made pursuant to the 
various procedural requirements applicable to the June 2014 SNOPR 
remain unchanged for this lifetime SNOPR. These determinations are set 
forth in the June 2014 SNOPR. 79 FR 32020, 32040-32044. The additional 
changes proposed in this lifetime SNOPR (a revised definition of 
lifetime, a new definition of time to failure, and other supporting 
modifications) would not be expected to increase testing burden beyond 
what is specified in the June 2014 SNOPR.

V. Public Participation

A. Submission of Comments

    DOE will accept comments, data, and information regarding this 
proposed rule no later than the date provided in the DATES section at 
the beginning of this proposed rule. Interested parties may submit 
comments using any of the methods described in the ADDRESSES section at 
the beginning of this proposed rule.
    Submitting comments via regulations.gov. The regulations.gov Web 
page will require you to provide your name and contact information. 
Your contact information will be viewable to DOE Building Technologies 
staff only. Your contact information will not be publicly viewable 
except for your first and last names, organization name (if any), and 
submitter representative name (if any). If your comment is not 
processed properly because of technical difficulties, DOE will use this 
information to contact you. If DOE cannot read your comment due to 
technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, DOE 
may not be able to consider your comment.
    However, your contact information will be publicly viewable if you 
include it in the comment or in any documents attached to your comment. 
Any information that you do not want to be publicly viewable should not 
be included in your comment, nor in any document attached to your 
comment. Persons viewing comments will see only first and last names, 
organization names, correspondence containing comments, and any 
documents submitted with the comments.
    Do not submit to regulations.gov information for which disclosure 
is restricted by statute, such as trade secrets and commercial or 
financial information (hereinafter referred to as Confidential Business 
Information (CBI)). Comments submitted through regulations.gov cannot 
be claimed as CBI. Comments received through the Web site will waive 
any CBI claims for the information submitted. For information on 
submitting CBI, see the Confidential Business Information section.
    DOE processes submissions made through regulations.gov before 
posting. Normally, comments will be posted within a few days of being 
submitted. However, if large volumes of comments are being processed 
simultaneously, your comment may not be viewable for up to several 
weeks. Please keep the comment tracking number that regulations.gov 
provides after you have successfully uploaded your comment.
    Submitting comments via email, hand delivery, or mail. Comments and 
documents submitted via email, hand delivery, or mail also will be 
posted to regulations.gov. If you do not want your personal contact 
information to be publicly viewable, do not include it in your comment 
or any accompanying documents. Instead, provide your contact 
information on a cover letter. Include your first and last names, email 
address, telephone number, and optional mailing address. The cover 
letter will not be publicly viewable as long as it does not include any 
comments.
    Include contact information each time you submit comments, data, 
documents, and other information to DOE. If you submit via mail or hand 
delivery, please provide all items on a CD, if feasible. It is not 
necessary to submit printed copies. No facsimiles (faxes) will be 
accepted.
    Comments, data, and other information submitted to DOE 
electronically should be provided in PDF (preferred), Microsoft Word or 
Excel, WordPerfect, or text (ASCII) file format. Provide documents that 
are written in English, free of any defects or viruses, and not 
secured. Documents should not contain special characters or any form of 
encryption and, if possible, they should carry the electronic signature 
of the author.
    Campaign form letters. Please submit campaign form letters by the 
originating organization in batches of between 50 to 500 form letters 
per PDF or as one form letter with a list of supporters' names compiled 
into one or more PDFs. This reduces comment processing and posting 
time.
    Confidential Business Information. According to 10 CFR 1004.11, any 
person submitting information that he or she believes to be 
confidential and exempt by law from public disclosure should submit via 
email, postal mail, or hand delivery two well-marked copies: One copy 
of the document marked confidential including all the information 
believed to be confidential, and one copy of the document marked non-
confidential with the information believed to be confidential deleted. 
Submit these documents via email or on a CD, if feasible. DOE will make 
its own determination about the confidential status of the information 
and treat it according to its determination.
    Factors of interest to DOE when evaluating requests to treat 
submitted information as confidential include: (1)

[[Page 36245]]

A description of the items; (2) whether and why such items are 
customarily treated as confidential within the industry; (3) whether 
the information is generally known by or available from other sources; 
(4) whether the information has previously been made available to 
others without obligation concerning its confidentiality; (5) an 
explanation of the competitive injury to the submitting person which 
would result from public disclosure; (6) when such information might 
lose its confidential character due to the passage of time; and (7) why 
disclosure of the information would be contrary to the public interest.
    It is DOE's policy that all comments may be included in the public 
docket, without change and as received, including any personal 
information provided in the comments (except information deemed to be 
exempt from public disclosure).

B. Issues on Which DOE Seeks Comment

    Although DOE welcomes comments on any aspect of this proposal, DOE 
is particularly interested in receiving comments and views of 
interested parties concerning the following issues:
    1. DOE seeks comment on the proposed definition of lifetime of 
integrated light-emitting diode lamps.
    2. DOE seeks comment on the proposed definition of time to failure.

VI. Approval of the Office of the Secretary

    The Secretary of Energy has approved publication of this proposed 
rule.

List of Subjects

10 CFR Part 429

    Confidential business information, Energy conservation, Household 
appliances, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

10 CFR Part 430

    Administrative practice and procedure, Confidential business 
information, Energy conservation, Household appliances, Imports, 
Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Small 
businesses.

    Issued in Washington, DC, on June 18, 2014.
Kathleen B. Hogan,
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency, Energy Efficiency and 
Renewable Energy.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, DOE is proposing to amend 
parts 429 and 430 of Chapter II of Title 10, Subchapter D of the Code 
of Federal Regulations to read as set forth below:

PART 429--CERTIFICATION, COMPLIANCE, AND ENFORCEMENT FOR CONSUMER 
PRODUCTS AND COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT

0
1. The authority citation for part 429 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 6291-6317.

0
2. Section 429.56 is added to read as follows:


Sec.  429.56  Integrated light-emitting diode lamps.

    (a) Determination of Represented Value. (1) Manufacturers must 
determine the represented value, which includes the certified rating, 
for each basic model of integrated light-emitting diode lamps by 
testing, in conjunction with the following sampling provisions:
    (i) Units to be tested. (A) The general requirements of Sec.  
429.11(a) are applicable except that the sample must be comprised of 
production units; and
    (B) For each basic model of integrated light-emitting diode lamp, 
the minimum number of units tested shall be no less than 10 and the 
same units must be used for testing all metrics. If more than 10 units 
are tested as part of the sample, the total number of units must be a 
multiple of two. For each basic model, a sample of sufficient size 
shall be randomly selected and tested to ensure that:
    (1) Represented values of initial lumen output, lamp efficacy, and 
color rendering index (CRI) of a basic model for which consumers would 
favor higher values must be less than or equal to the lower of:
    (i) The mean of the sample, where:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JN14.000
    

and, x is the sample mean; n is the number of units; and xi 
is the ith unit;
    Or,
    (ii) The lower 99 percent confidence limit (LCL) of the true mean 
divided by 0.97 for initial lumen output; the lower 99 percent 
confidence limit (LCL) of the true mean divided by 0.98 for lamp 
efficacy; and the lower 99 percent confidence limit (LCL) of the true 
mean divided by 0.99 for CRI, where:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JN14.001


and, x is the sample mean; s is the sample standard deviation; n is the 
number of samples; and t0.99 is the t statistic for a 99 
percent one-tailed confidence interval with n-1 degrees of freedom 
(from Appendix A of this part).
    (2) Represented values of input power and standby mode power of a 
basic model for which consumers would favor lower values must be 
greater than or equal to the higher of:
    (i) The mean of the sample, where:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JN14.002
    

and, x is the sample mean; n is the number of units; and xi 
is the ith unit;
    Or,
    (ii) The upper 99 percent confidence limit (UCL) of the true mean 
divided by 1.01, where:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JN14.003


and, x is the sample mean; s is the sample standard deviation; n is the 
number of samples; and t0.99 is the t statistic for a 99 
percent one-tailed confidence interval with n-1 degrees of freedom 
(from Appendix A of this part);
    (3) Represented values of correlated color temperature (CCT) of a 
basic model must be equal to the mean of the sample, where:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JN14.004


and, x is the sample mean; n is the number of units; and xi 
is the ith unit.
    (4) The lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode lamps is 
calculated by determining the median time to failure of the sample 
(calculated as the arithmetic mean of the time to failure of the two 
middle sample units when the numbers are sorted in value order) rounded 
to the nearest hour. Represented values of lifetime cannot exceed the 
lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode lamps.
    (b) [Reserved]
    (c) Rounding requirements for representative values, including 
certified and rated values, of lumen output, input power, efficacy, 
CCT, CRI, lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode lamps, standby 
mode power, and estimated annual energy cost.
    (1) The represented value of input power must be rounded to the 
nearest tenth of a watt.
    (2) The represented value of lumen output must be rounded to three 
significant digits.
    (3) The represented value of lamp efficacy must be rounded to the 
nearest tenths place.
    (4) The represented value of correlated color temperature must be 
rounded to the nearest 100 Kelvin.

[[Page 36246]]

    (5) The represented value of color rendering index must be rounded 
to the nearest whole number.
    (6) The represented value of lifetime of integrated light-emitting 
diode lamps must be rounded to the nearest whole hour.
    (7) The represented value of standby mode power must be rounded to 
the nearest tenth of a watt.

PART 430--ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS

0
3. The authority citation for part 430 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 6291-6309; 28 U.S.C. 2461 note.

0
4. Section 430.2 is amended by revising the definition of ``basic 
model'' and adding in alphabetical order the definitions of 
``integrated light-emitting diode lamp'' and ``lifetime of integrated 
light-emitting diode lamps'' to read as follows:


Sec.  430.2  Definitions.

* * * * *
    Basic model means all units of a given type of covered product (or 
class thereof) manufactured by one manufacturer, having the same 
primary energy source, and which have essentially identical electrical, 
physical, and functional (or hydraulic) characteristics that affect 
energy consumption, energy efficiency, water consumption, or water 
efficiency; and
    (1) With respect to general service fluorescent lamps, general 
service incandescent lamps, and incandescent reflector lamps: Lamps 
that have essentially identical light output and electrical 
characteristics--including lumens per watt (lm/W) and color rendering 
index (CRI).
    (2) With respect to integrated light-emitting diode lamps: Lamps 
that have essentially identical light output and electrical 
characteristics--including lumens per watt (lm/W), color rendering 
index (CRI), correlated color temperature (CCT), and lifetime of 
integrated light-emitting diode lamps.
    (3) With respect to faucets and showerheads: Have the identical 
flow control mechanism attached to or installed within the fixture 
fittings, or the identical water-passage design features that use the 
same path of water in the highest flow mode.
    (4) With respect to furnace fans: Are marketed and/or designed to 
be installed in the same type of installation.
* * * * *
    Integrated light-emitting diode lamp means an integrated LED lamp 
as defined in ANSI/IESNA RP-16 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  
430.3).
* * * * *
    Lifetime of integrated light-emitting diode lamps means the length 
of operating time between first use and failure of 50 percent of the 
sample units (as defined in Sec.  429.56(a)(1)(i)), in accordance with 
the test procedures described in section 4.5 of Appendix BB to subpart 
B of part 430 of this chapter.
* * * * *
0
5. Section 430.23 is amended by adding paragraph (dd) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  430.23  Test procedures for the measurement of energy and water 
consumption.

* * * * *
    (dd) Integrated light-emitting diode lamp. (1) The input power of 
an integrated light-emitting diode lamp must be measured in accordance 
with section 3 of Appendix BB of this subpart. Individual unit input 
power must be rounded to the nearest tenth of a watt.
    (2) The lumen output of an integrated light-emitting diode lamp 
must be measured in accordance with section 3 of Appendix BB of this 
subpart. Individual unit lumen output must be rounded to three 
significant digits.
    (3) The lamp efficacy of an integrated light-emitting diode lamp 
must be calculated in accordance with section 3 of Appendix BB of this 
subpart. Individual unit lamp efficacy must be rounded to the nearest 
tenths place.
    (4) The correlated color temperature of an integrated light-
emitting diode lamp must be measured in accordance with section 3 of 
Appendix BB of this subpart. Individual unit correlated color 
temperature must be rounded to the nearest 10 Kelvin.
    (5) The color rendering index of an integrated light-emitting diode 
lamp must be measured in accordance with section 3 of Appendix BB of 
this subpart. Individual unit color rendering index must be rounded to 
the nearest whole number.
    (6) The time to failure of an integrated light-emitting diode lamp 
must be measured in accordance with section 5 of Appendix BB of this 
subpart. Individual unit time to failure must be rounded to the nearest 
hour.
    (7) The life (in years) of an integrated light-emitting diode lamp 
must be calculated by dividing the lifetime of integrated light-
emitting diode lamps (see 10 CFR 429.56) by the estimated annual 
operating hours as specified in 16 CFR 305.15(b)(3)(iii). The life must 
be rounded to the nearest tenth of a year.
    (8) The estimated annual energy cost for an integrated light-
emitting diode lamp, expressed in dollars per year, must be the product 
of the average input power in kilowatts as determined in accordance 
with appendix BB to this subpart, an electricity cost rate as specified 
in 16 CFR 305.15(b)(1)(ii), and an estimated average annual use as 
specified in 16 CFR 305.15(b)(1)(ii). The resulting estimated annual 
energy cost for an individual unit must be rounded to the nearest cent 
per year.
    (9) The standby mode power must be measured in accordance with 
section 5 of appendix BB of this subpart. Individual unit standby mode 
power must be rounded to the nearest tenth of a watt.
0
6. Section 430.25 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  430.25  Laboratory Accreditation Program.

    (a) Testing for general service fluorescent lamps, general service 
incandescent lamps, and incandescent reflector lamps must be performed 
in accordance with appendix R to this subpart. Testing for medium base 
compact fluorescent lamps must be performed in accordance with appendix 
W to this subpart. Testing for fluorescent lamp ballasts must be 
performed in accordance with appendix Q1 to this subpart. This testing, 
with the exception of lifetime testing of general service incandescent 
lamps, must be conducted by test laboratories accredited by the 
National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) or an 
accrediting organization recognized by International Laboratory 
Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC). NVLAP is a program of the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce. 
NVLAP standards for accreditation of laboratories that test are set 
forth in 15 CFR part 285. The following metrics should be measured by 
test laboratories accredited by NVLAP or an accrediting organization 
recognized by International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation 
(ILAC):
    (1) Fluorescent lamp ballasts: ballast luminous efficiency (BLE);
    (2) General service fluorescent lamps: Lamp efficacy, color 
rendering index;
    (3) General service incandescent reflector lamps: Lamp efficacy;
    (4) General service incandescent lamps: Lamp efficacy; and
    (5) Medium base compact fluorescent lamps: Initial efficacy, lamp 
life. Testing for BLE may also be conducted by laboratories accredited 
by Underwriters Laboratories or Council of Canada. Testing for 
fluorescent lamp ballasts

[[Page 36247]]

performed in accordance with appendix Q to this subpart is not required 
to be conducted by test laboratories accredited by NVLAP or an 
accrediting organization recognized by NVLAP.
    (b) Testing of integrated light-emitting diode lamps must be 
performed in accordance with appendix BB of this subpart. Testing must 
be conducted in test laboratories accredited by NVLAP or an accrediting 
organization recognized by International Laboratory Accreditation 
Cooperation (ILAC) for the following metrics: Input power, lumen 
output, lamp efficacy, correlated color temperature, color rendering 
index, time to failure, and standby mode power. A manufacturer's own 
laboratory, if accredited, may conduct the testing.
0
7. Appendix BB to subpart B of part 430 is added to read as follows:

Appendix BB to Subpart B of Part 430--Uniform Test Method for Measuring 
the Input Power, Lumen Output, Lamp Efficacy, Correlated Color 
Temperature (CCT), Color Rendering Index (CRI), Time to Failure, and 
Standby Mode Power of Integrated Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Lamps

    Note:  After [Date 180 Days after Publication of Final Rule in 
the Federal Register], any representations made with respect to the 
energy use or efficiency of light-emitting diode lamps must be made 
in accordance with the results of testing pursuant to this appendix. 
Given that after [Date 180 Days after Publication of Final Rule in 
the Federal Register] representations with respect to the energy use 
or efficiency of light-emitting diode lamps must be made in 
accordance with tests conducted pursuant to this appendix, 
manufacturers may wish to begin using this test procedure as soon as 
possible.

1. Scope: This appendix specifies how to measure input power, lumen 
output, lamp efficacy, CCT, CRI, time to failure, and standby mode 
power for integrated LED lamps.

2. Definitions

    2.1. The definitions specified in section 1.3 of IES LM-79 except 
section 1.3(f) (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3) apply.
    2.2. Time to failure means the time elapsed between first use and 
the point at which the lamp reaches 70 percent lumen maintenance as 
measured in section 4.5 of appendix BB of this subpart.
    2.3. Initial lumen output means the measured lumen output after the 
lamp is initially energized and stabilized using the stabilization 
procedures in section 3 of appendix BB of this subpart.
    2.4. Rated input voltage means the voltage(s) marked on the lamp as 
the intended operating voltage. If not marked on the lamp, assume 120 
V.
    2.5. Lamp efficacy means the ratio of measured initial lumen output 
in lumens to the measured lamp input power in watts, in units of lumens 
per watt.
    2.6. CRI means color rendering index as defined in Sec.  430.2.
    2.7. Test duration means the operating time of the LED lamp after 
the initial lumen output measurement and before, during, and including 
the final lumen output measurement.

3. Active Mode Test Method for Determining Lumen Output, Input Power, 
CCT, CRI, and Lamp Efficacy

    In cases where there is a conflict, the language of the test 
procedure in this appendix takes precedence over IES LM-79 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3).

3.1. Test Conditions and Setup

    3.1.1. The ambient conditions, power supply, electrical settings, 
and instrumentation must be established in accordance with the 
specifications in sections 2.0, 3.0, 7.0, and 8.0 of IES LM-79 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3), respectively.
    3.1.2. An equal number of integrated LED lamps must be positioned 
in the base up and base down orientations throughout testing.
    3.1.3. The integrated LED lamp must be operated at the rated 
voltage throughout testing. For an integrated LED lamp with multiple 
rated voltages including 120 volts, the integrated LED lamp must be 
operated at 120 volts. If an integrated LED lamp with multiple rated 
voltages is not rated for 120 volts, the integrated LED lamp must be 
operated at the highest rated input voltage. Additional tests may be 
conducted at other rated voltages.
    3.1.4. The integrated LED lamp must be operated at maximum input 
power. If multiple modes occur at the same maximum input power (such as 
variable CCT or CRI), the manufacturer can select any of these modes 
for testing; however, all measurements described in section 3 and 
section 4 must be taken at the same selected mode.

3.2. Test Method, Measurements, and Calculations

    3.2.1. The integrated LED lamp must be stabilized prior to 
measurement as specified in section 5.0 of IES LM-79 (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  430.3). The stabilization variation is calculated 
as [maximum-minimum)/minimum] of at least three readings of the input 
power and lumen output over a period of 30 minutes, taken 15 minutes 
apart.
    3.2.2. The input power in watts must be measured as specified in 
section 8.0 of IES LM-79 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3).
    3.2.3. Lumen output must be measured as specified in section 9.1 
and 9.2 of IES LM-79 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3). 
Goniometers must not be used.
    3.2.4. CCT must be determined according to the method specified in 
section 12.0 of IES LM-79 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3) 
with the exclusion of section 12.2 of IES LM-79. Goniometers must not 
be used.
    3.2.5. CRI must be determined according to the method specified in 
section 12.0 of IES LM-79 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3) 
with the exclusion of section 12.2 of IES LM-79. Goniometers must not 
be used.
    3.2.6. Lamp efficacy must be determined by dividing measured 
initial lumen output by the measured input power.

4. Active Mode Test Method To Measure Time to Failure

    In cases where there is a conflict, the language of the test 
procedure in this appendix takes precedence over IES LM-79 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3).
    4.1. Measure Initial Lumen Output. Measure the initial lumen output 
according to section 3 of this appendix.
    4.2. Test Duration. Operate the integrated LED lamp for a period of 
time (the test duration) after the initial lumen output measurement and 
before, during, and including the final lumen output measurement.
    4.2.1. There is no minimum test duration requirement for the 
integrated LED lamp. The test duration is selected by the manufacturer. 
See section 4.5.3 for instruction on the maximum time to failure.
    4.2.2. The test duration only includes time when the integrated LED 
lamp is energized and operating.
    4.2.3. Operating conditions and setup during the test duration 
other than time during which lumen output measurements are being 
conducted are specified in section 4.3 of this appendix.

4.3. Operating Conditions and Setup Between Lumen Output Measurements

    4.3.1. Ambient temperature must be controlled between 15 [deg]C and 
40 [deg]C.
    4.3.2. The integrated LED lamps must be spaced to allow airflow 
around each lamp.
    4.3.3. The integrated LED lamps must not be subjected to excessive 
vibration or shock during lamp operation.
    4.3.4. Line voltage waveshape must be as described in section 3.1 
of IES LM-

[[Page 36248]]

79 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3).
    4.3.5. Input voltage must be monitored and regulated to within 
 2 percent of the voltage required in section 3.1.3 for the 
duration of the test.
    4.3.6. Electrical settings must be as described in section 7.0 IES 
LM-79 (incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3).
    4.3.7. An equal number of integrated LED lamps must be positioned 
in the base up and base down orientations throughout testing.
    4.3.8. The integrated LED lamp must be operated at maximum input 
power. If multiple modes occur at the same maximum input power (such as 
variable CCT and CRI), the manufacturer can select any of these modes 
for testing. Measurements of all quantities described in sections 3 and 
4 of this appendix must be taken at the same selected mode.
    4.4. Measure Final Lumen Output. Measure the lumen output at the 
end of the test duration according to section 3.

4.5. Calculate Lumen Maintenance and Time to Failure

    4.5.1. Calculate the lumen maintenance of the lamp after the test 
duration ``t'' by dividing the final lumen output ``xt'' by 
the initial lumen output ``x0''. Initial and final lumen 
output must be measured in accordance with sections 4.1 and 4.4 of this 
appendix, respectively.
    4.5.2. For lumen maintenance values greater than 1, the time to 
failure (in hours) is limited to a value less than or equal to four 
times the test duration.
    4.5.3. For lumen maintenance values less than 1 but greater than or 
equal to 0.7, the time to failure (in hours) is calculated using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JN14.005

    Where: t is the test duration in hours; x0 is the 
initial lumen output; xt is the final lumen output at time 
t, and ln is the natural logarithm function.
    The maximum time to failure is limited to four times the test 
duration t.
    4.5.4. For lumen maintenance values less than 0.7, including lamp 
failures that result in complete loss of light output, time to failure 
is equal to the previously recorded lumen output measurement at a 
shorter test duration where the lumen maintenance is greater than or 
equal to 70 percent, and time to failure shall not be calculated in 
accordance with section 4.5.3 of this appendix.

5. Standby Mode Test Method for Determining Standby Mode Power

    In cases where there is a conflict, the language of the test 
procedure in this appendix takes precedence over IES LM-79 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3) and IEC 62301 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3).

5.1. Test Conditions and Setup

    5.1.1. The ambient conditions, power supply, electrical settings, 
and instrumentation must be established in accordance with the 
specifications in sections 2.0, 3.0, 7.0, and 8.0 of IES LM-79 
(incorporated by reference; see Sec.  430.3), respectively.
    5.1.2. An equal number of integrated LED lamps must be positioned 
in the base up and base down orientations throughout testing.
    5.1.3. The integrated LED lamp must be operated at the rated 
voltage throughout testing. For an integrated LED lamp with multiple 
rated voltages, the integrated LED lamp must be operated at 120 volts. 
If an integrated LED lamp with multiple rated voltages is not rated for 
120 volts, the integrated LED lamp must be operated at the highest 
rated input voltage.

5.2. Test Method, Measurements, and Calculations

    5.2.1. Standby mode power consumption must be measured for 
integrated LED lamps if applicable.
    5.2.2. The integrated LED lamp must be stabilized prior to 
measurement as specified in section 5.0 of IES LM-79 (incorporated by 
reference; see Sec.  430.3). The stabilization variation is calculated 
as [maximum--minimum)/minimum] of at least three readings of the input 
power and lumen output over a period of 30 minutes, taken 15 minutes 
apart.
    5.2.3. The integrated LED must be configured in standby mode by 
sending a signal to the integrated LED lamp instructing it to have zero 
light output.
    5.2.4. The standby mode power in watts must be measured as 
specified in section 5 of IEC 62301 (incorporated by reference; see 
Sec.  430.3).

[FR Doc. 2014-14823 Filed 6-25-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6450-01-P