[Deschler's Precedents, Volume 4]
[Chapter 17. Committees]
[D. Jurisdiction of Committees]
[§ 33. Committee on Banking and Currency]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


[Page 2834-2845]
 
                               CHAPTER 17
 
                               Committees
 
                         C. COMMITTEE PROCEDURE
 
Sec. 33. Committee on Banking and Currency

    Although originally created in 1865,(3) the Committee on 
Banking and Currency largely derives its current jurisdiction from the 
1947 revisions prompted by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. 
At that time, the committee was granted most of the jurisdiction of the 
former Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures. In 
1971,(4) it was additionally given jurisdiction over the 
``impact on the economy of tax-exempt foundations and charitable 
trusts.''
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 3. 4 Hinds' Precedents Sec. 4082.
 4. 117 Cong. Rec. 12081, 92d Cong. 1st Sess., Apr. 27, 1971 [H. Res. 
        320].
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    The jurisdiction of the Committee on Banking and Currency

[[Page 2835]]

pursuant to the 1973 rules (5) read as follows:
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 5. Rule XI clause 4, House Rules and Manual Sec. 683 (1973). See Rule 
        X clause l(d), in the 1979 House Rules and Manual.
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        (a) Banking and currency generally.
        (b) Control of price of commodities, rents, or services.
        (c) Deposit insurance.
        (d) Federal Reserve System.
        (e) Financial aid to commerce and industry, other than matters 
    relating to such aid which are specifically assigned to other 
    committees under this rule.
        (f) Gold and silver, including the coinage thereof.
        (g) Impact on the economy of tax-exempt foundations and 
    charitable trusts.
        (h) Issuance of notes and redemption thereof.

        (i) Public and private housing.
        (j) Valuation and revaluation of the dollar.

    Within the jurisdictional realm of the committee, though not 
expressly stated in the rules (6) are matters such as: (1) 
strengthening of public credit; (2) taxation of notes; (3) propositions 
to maintain the parity of U.S. money; (4) national banks and current 
deposits of public money; (5) incorporation of an international bank; 
(6) the Freedmen's Bank; (7) the Farm Loan Act; (8) home loan bills; 
(9) stabilization of the dollar; (10) the War Finance Corporation; and 
(11) Federal Reserve Bank buildings.
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 6. Rule X clause 1(d), House Rules and Manual Sec. 673 (1979).
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    The committee also has had legislative jurisdiction over small 
business matters. In 1971, when tax-exempt foundations and charitable 
trusts were added to its jurisdiction, the committee obtained all of 
the files and papers of the Subcommittee on Foundations of the Select 
Committee on Small Business. While the Select Committee on Small 
Business was made a permanent committee of the House in 
1971,(7) that select committee was not granted legislative 
jurisdiction.
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 7. H. Res. 5, 117 Cong. Rec. 143, 92d Cong. 1st Sess., Jan. 22. 1971.
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    Effective Jan. 3, 1975, however, the standing Committee on Small 
Business was created and the Committee on Banking and Currency lost 
jurisdiction over that subject.(8)
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 8. H. Res. 988, 120 Cong. Rec. 34447-70, 93d Cong. 2d Sess., Oct. 8, 
        1974.
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    The Committee on Banking and Currency also has had jurisdiction 
over the Commodity Credit Corporation, since it reported the 
legislation establishing it as an agency and instrumentality of the 
United States in 1948, with the passage of the Commodity Credit 
Corporation Charter Act.(9) This
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 9. 60 Stat. 1070; 15 USC Sec. 714.
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[[Page 2836]]

act granted the Corporation the power to (1) support prices of 
agricultural commodities; (2) procure commodities for sale to 
government agencies, foreign governments, relief agencies, etc.; and 
(3) remove and dispose of surplus agricultural commodities.

    Having reported the legislation which established the Corporation, 
the Committee on Banking and Currency had, until the Committee Reform 
Amendments of 1974, reported legislative proposals dealing with 
amendments to the Charter Act. For example, bills raising the 
limitation on the dollar amount which the Corporation can borrow had 
traditionally been handled by the committee, as had measures which, 
while not specifically amending the charter, do relate to the capital 
structure of the Corporation and indirectly with its borrowing 
authority.
    Effective Jan. 3, 1975, jurisdiction over the Commodity Credit 
Corporation was transferred to the Committee on 
Agriculture.(10)
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10. H. Res. 988, 120 Cong. Rec. 34447-70, 93d Cong. 2d Sess., Oct. 8, 
        1974.
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    Additional indicia of the jurisdictional realm of the Committee on 
Banking and Currency may be gleaned from the following 
lists,(11) the first consisting of new legislation or 
amendments to legislation enacted between the 90th and 93d Congresses, 
the second consisting of executive departments over which the committee 
has, in the past, exercised some legislative responsibility.
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11. These lists were compiled by Dennis J. Taylor, ``Monographs on the 
        Committees of the House of Representatives'' (93d Cong. 2d 
        Sess., Dec. 13, 1974), committee print, pp. 35, 36.
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                             Legislative Enactments

        (1) Bank Holding Company Act.
        (2) Defense Production Act.
        (3) Economic Stabilization Act.
        (4) Emergency Home Finance Act.
        (6) Export Control Act.
        (7) Export and Import Bank Act.
        (8) Federal Reserve Act.
        (9) FHA and Rural Housing Program Insurance Authority.
        (10) Housing and Urban Development Act.
        (11) Interest Rates and Insurance on Mortgages.
        (12) International Financial Institutions.
        (13) Separate Federal Credit Union Agency and Insurance of 
    Accounts.
        (14) Small Business Act.
        (15) Small Business Investment Act.
        (16) State Taxation of National Banks.
        (17) Urban Mass Transportation Assistance.

                             Executive Departments

        (1) Commerce Department.
        (2) Comptroller of the Currency.
        (3) Cost of Living Council.
        (4) Export-Import Bank.

[[Page 2837]]

        (5) Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
        (6) Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
        (7) Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.
        (8) Federal National Mortgage Association.
        (9) Federal Reserve System.
        (10) Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation.
        (11) Housing and Urban Development, Department of.
        (12) National Credit Union Administration.
        (13) Office of Emergency Planning.
        (14) Small Business Administration.
        (15) Transportation Department.
        (16) Treasury Department.

    As the precedents reveal, the legislative jurisdiction of the 
committee and its predecessors has also extended to such matters as 
enabling the Commodity Credit Corporation to aid farmers in marketing; 
(12) relieving purchasers of goods converted by warehousemen 
from claims of the Commodity Credit Corporation; (13) 
promoting balanced urban development through coordination of urban 
development grants; (14) and acquiring land in the District 
of Columbia as a building site for the International Monetary 
Fund.(15) The committee has also reported sense of the 
Congress resolutions pertaining to the advisability of cash bonuses for 
veterans,(16) and the need for the continued existence of a 
particular tin smelter.(17)
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12. Sec. 33.1, infra.
13. Sec. 33.2, infra.
14. Sec. 33.3, infra.
15. Sec. 33.8, infra.
16. Sec. 33.9, infra.
17. Sec. 33.10, infra.
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    Handling the broad spectrum of legislative responsibilities of the 
Committee on Banking and Currency, in 1973, were eight subcommittees. 
Alphabetically, they are categorized, as follows:

        1. Subcommittee on Bank Supervision and Insurance;
        2. Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs;
        3. Subcommittee on Domestic Finance;
        4. Subcommittee on Housing;
        5. Subcommittee on International Finance;
        6. Subcommittee on International Trade;
        7. Subcommittee on Small Business; and
        8. Subcommittee on Urban Mass Transit.

    Effective Jan. 3, 1975, the Committee Reform Amendments of 1974 
redesignated the committee as the Committee on Banking, Currency and 
Housing; added specific jurisdiction to the committee over federal 
monetary policy, money and credit, urban development, economic 
stabilization, defense production and renegotiation, international 
finance, and

[[Page 2838]]

international financial and monetary organizations; and transferred 
from the committee jurisdiction over the Commodity Credit Corporation 
(to the Committee on Agriculture), over export controls (to the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs), over international economic policy (to 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs), over construction of nursing home 
facilities (to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce), and 
over urban mass transportation (to the Committee on Public Works and 
Transportation).(18)
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18. H. Res. 988, 120 Cong. Rec. 34447-70, 93d Cong. 2d Sess., Oct. 8, 
        1974.
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    Parliamentarian's Note: In the 95th Congress, the committee was 
redesignated as the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban 
Affairs.                          -------------------

Commodity Credit Corporation

Sec. 33.1 The Committee on Banking and Currency and not the Committee 
    on Agriculture formerly had jurisdiction of a bill to enable the 
    Commodity Credit Corporation to better serve farmers in marketing 
    and to provide credit and facilities for carrying surpluses from 
    season to season.

    On Feb. 26, 1936,(19) Mr. T. Alan Goldsborough, of 
Maryland, requested unanimous consent that the Committee on Agriculture 
be discharged from further consideration of H.R. 11104, and that it be 
rereferred to the Committee on Banking and Currency. In so doing, he 
noted that ``I have consulted with the chairman of the Committee on 
Agriculture this morning, and that is satisfactory to him.''
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19. 80 Cong. Rec. 2848, 74th Cong. 2d Sess.
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    Immediately thereafter, the House granted unanimous 
consent.(20)
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20. For additional information, see the Parliamentarian's Note to 
        Sec. 33.2, infra.
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Sec. 33.2 The Committee on Banking and Currency and not the Committee 
    on Agriculture formerly had jurisdiction of bills to amend the 
    Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act in order to relieve 
    innocent purchasers of fungible goods converted by warehousemen 
    from claims of the Commodity Credit Corporation.

    On May 3, 1955,(21) Harold D. Cooley, of North Carolina, 
Chairman of the Committee on Agri
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21. 101 Cong. Rec. 5501, 84th Cong. 1st Sess.
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[[Page 2839]]

culture, obtained unanimous consent to have his committee discharged 
from further consideration of five identical bills (H.R. 2137, H.R. 
2872, H.R. 2007, H.R. 694, and H.R. 646), and to have them referred to 
the Committee on Banking and Currency.

    Parliamentarian's Note: The Commodity Credit Corporation was 
established as an agency and instrumentality of the United States in 
1948, with the passage of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act 
[62 Stat. 1070; 15 USC Sec. 714 (S. 1322, 80th Cong.; H.R. 6263, 
reported from the Committee on Banking and Currency, Apr. 22, 1948)]. 
This enabling act provided that the Corporation has the power to (1) 
support prices of agricultural commodities; (2) procure commodities for 
sale to government agencies, foreign governments, relief agencies, 
etc.; and (3) remove and dispose of surplus agricultural commodities.
    By legislation enacted in 1949, the Commodity Credit Corporation 
Charter Act was amended to make the Secretary of Agriculture the 
Chairman of the Board, and the Secretary was in effect given general 
supervision and direction of the Corporation [63 Stat. 154; 15 USC 
Sec. 714 (S. 900, 81st Cong.; H.R. 2682, reported from the Committee on 
Banking and Currency, Apr. 9, 1949)].
    From the establishment of the Corporation, the Committee on Banking 
and Currency, until the Committee Reform Amendments of 1974, 
consistently reported legislative proposals dealing with amendments to 
the Charter Act. For example, bills raising the limitation on the 
dollar amount which the Corporation could borrow had been handled by 
the Committee on Banking and Currency, as had measures which, while not 
specifically amending the charter, did relate to the capital structure 
of the Corporation and indirectly with its borrowing authority.

Coordination of Urban Development Grants

Sec. 33.3 Under the rules in effect in the 91st Congress, the Committee 
    on Banking and Currency, and not the Committee on Government 
    Operations, had jurisdiction of a bill designed to promote 
    ``balanced urban development and growth'' by providing coordination 
    in different categories of urban development grants and amending 
    various laws within the jurisdiction of the Committees on Banking 
    and

[[Page 2840]]

    Currency, Public Works, Interstate and Foreign Commerce, and 
    others.

    On Mar. 18, 1970,(22) Wright Patman, of Texas, Chairman 
of the Committee on Banking and Currency, sought unanimous consent to 
have H.R. 13217 rereferred from the Committee on Government Operations 
to the Committee on Banking and Currency.
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22. 116 Cong. Rec. 7887, 91st Cong. 2d Sess.
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    Immediately after Mr. Patman voiced his request, the following 
exchange took place:

        Mr. Gerald R. Ford [of Michigan]: Mr. Speaker, reserving the 
    right to object, I would like to ask the distinguished chairman of 
    the Committee on Banking and Currency if a representative, the 
    chairman, or some other member, from the Committee on Government 
    Operations is in accord with the request.
        Mr. Patman: I have a letter from the gentleman from Illinois 
    (Mr. Dawson), the chairman, that he is in agreement with it. The 
    gentleman from California (Mr. Holifield [of the Committee on 
    Government Operations]) is present, as is also the gentleman from 
    North Carolina (Mr. Fountain) who is chairman of the 
    Intergovernmental Relations Committee. He is in agreement with it, 
    and also the author of the bill.
        Mr. [Chet] Holifield: Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield?
        Mr. Gerald R. Ford: I yield to the gentleman from California.
        Mr. Holifield: I would like to affirm what the chairman has 
    said. We feel that this re-referral is proper. We feel that it is a 
    substantive matter which ought to be considered by the Committee on 
    Banking and Currency.
        Mr. Gerald R. Ford: Will the chairman of the Committee on 
    Banking and Currency read the title of the bill again, please.
        Mr. Patman: Yes. The title of the bill is ``to provide for the 
    balanced urban development and growth of the United States.''
        Mr. Gerald R. Ford: Mr. Speaker, I withdraw my reservation of 
    objection.
        The Speaker [John W. McCormack of Massachusetts]: Is there 
    objection to the request of the gentleman from Texas?
        There was no objection.

    Parliamentarian's Note: The bill was originally referred to the 
Committee on Government Operations since it was similar to other 
measures providing for consolidation of grant-in-aid programs. Since 
the bill had as its specific purpose the consolidation of grants for 
urban development, the Committee on Government Operations had no 
objection to its rereferral to the Committee on Banking and Currency. 
The Committee Reform Amendments of 1974 specifically conferred 
jurisdiction over urban development upon the committee.

Farm Housing; Lanham War Housing Act

Sec. 33.4 The Committee on Banking and Currency and not

[[Page 2841]]

    the Committee on Agriculture formerly had jurisdiction of a bill to 
    provide assistance to farmers in securing farm housing and other 
    farm buildings.

    On Feb. 17, 1949,(23) Brent Spence, of Kentucky, 
Chairman of the Committee on Banking and Currency, stated that H.R. 
1376 was referred to the Committee on Agriculture by inadvertence. 
After noting that he had conferred with the Chairman of the Committee 
on Agriculture, Mr. Spence requested unanimous consent that that 
committee be discharged from further consideration of the measure, and 
that the bill be referred to the Committee on Banking and Currency.
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23. 95 Cong. Rec. 1367, 81st Cong. 1st Sess.
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    Immediately thereafter, the House granted unanimous consent.

Sec. 33.5 The Committee on Banking and Currency and not the Committee 
    on Public Works has jurisdiction of a bill to permit a first 
    preference for former owners of certain dwellings being sold under 
    the Lanham War Housing Act [act of Oct. 14, 1940].

    On July 10, 1953,(24) George A. Dondero, of Michigan, 
Chairman of the Committee on Public Works, obtained unanimous consent 
to have his committee discharged from further consideration of H.R. 
6130 (1) and to have it rereferred to the Committee on 
Banking and Currency.(2)
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24. 99 Cong. Rec. 8533, 8534, 83d Cong. 1st Sess.
 1. 54 Stat. 862, 42 USC Sec. Sec. 1521 et seq.
 2. H.R. 6130 was reported by the Committee on Banking and Currency on 
        July 27, 1953 (H. Rept. No. 973).
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Impact on Economy of Tax Exempt Foundation and Charitable Trusts

Sec. 33.6 The House adopted a privileged resolution, reported from the 
    Committee on Rules, amending the rules to vest jurisdiction over 
    the impact on the economy of tax-exempt foundations and charitable 
    trusts in the Committee on Banking and Currency. Oversight of this 
    matter had formerly been exercised by the Select Committee on Small 
    Business.

    On Apr. 27, 1971,(3) by direction of the Committee on 
Rules, Mr. Richard Bolling, of Missouri, a member of that committee, 
called
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 3. 117 Cong. Rec. 12080, 92d Cong. 1st Sess.
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[[Page 2842]]

up a privileged resolution (H. Res. 320), and asked for its immediate 
consideration. The Clerk proceeded to read the resolution, as follows:

        Resolved, That clause 4, rule XI, of the rules of the House 
    (4) is hereby amended by--
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 4. This clause (clause 4) prescribed the jurisdiction of the Committee 
        on Banking and Currency at the time [Rule XI clause 4, House 
        Rules and Manual Sec. 683 (1971)], as follows: ``(a) banking 
        and currency generally; (b) control of price of commodities, 
        rents, or services; (c) deposit insurance; (d) Federal Reserve 
        System; (e) financial aid to commerce and industry, other than 
        matters relating to such aid which are specifically assigned to 
        other committees under this rule; (f) gold and silver, 
        including the coinage thereof; (g) issuance of notes and 
        redemption thereof; (h) public and private housing; and (i) 
        valuation and revaluation of the dollar.''
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        (1) renumbering paragraphs (g), (h), and (i) as paragraphs (h), 
    (i), and (j), and
        (2) inserting a new paragraph (g) as follows
        ``(g) Impact on the economy of tax-exempt foundations and 
    charitable trusts.``
        Sec. 2. All files, records, documents, and papers in possession 
    of the Subcommittee on Foundations of the Select Committee on Small 
    Business are hereby preserved intact and transferred to the 
    Committee on Banking and Currency.

    In the course of the brief discussion which ensued, Wright Patman, 
of Texas, Chairman of the Committee on Banking and Currency and 
Chairman of the Select Committee on Small Business' Subcommittee on 
Foundations, stated:

        There is no objection that I know of to this resolution from 
    any of the committee chairmen involved or any other members. The 
    resolution is cosponsored by myself, Mr. Evins, Mr. Widnall, and 
    Mr. Conte, the chairmen and ranking minority members of the two 
    committees involved.

    Moreover, he pointed out that:

        . . . With the recent changes in the law in this area, we now 
    feel it is appropriate that a broader look be taken at the impact 
    of foundations and other tax-exempt organizations on the national 
    economy. We believe the Committee on Banking and Currency is an 
    appropriate committee for such a study.

    Shortly thereafter, the resolution was agreed to.(5)
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 5. 117 Cong. Rec. 12081, 92d Cong. 1st Sess.
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International Financial Organizations

Sec. 33.7 Under the rules in effect in the 86th Congress, the Committee 
    on Banking and Currency, and not the Committee on Foreign Affairs,

[[Page 2843]]

    had jurisdiction over proposed legislation to provide for the 
    participation of the United States in the International Development 
    Association, an international financial organization to operate 
    under the provisions of the Bretton Woods Agreement Act and to be 
    financed partly from special notes issued by the Secretary of the 
    Treasury under the Second Liberty Bond Act.

    On Feb. 18, 1960,(6) Speaker Sam Rayburn, of Texas, laid 
before the House a message (H. Doc. No. 345), from President Dwight D. 
Eisenhower, submitting to the House the articles of agreement for the 
establishment of the International Development Association and 
recommending legislation authorizing U.S. membership in the 
association. The message was referred to the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs.
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 6. 106 Cong. Rec. 2952, 86th Cong. 2d Sess.
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    On Mar. 9, 1960,(7) however, Thomas E. Morgan, of 
Pennsylvania, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, obtained 
unanimous consent to have the President's message rereferred to the 
Committee on Banking and Currency. The same day,(8) 
moreover, the proposed legislation (H.R. 11001), was similarly 
referred.(9)
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 7. 106 Cong. Rec. 5046, 86th Cong. 2d Sess.
 8. Id. at p. 5072.
 9. H.R. 11001 was reported by the Committee on Banking and Currency on 
        June 8, 1960 (H. Rept. No. 1766).
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    Parliamentarian's Note: Pursuant to the Committee Reform Amendments 
of 1974, jurisdiction over international financial and monetary 
organizations was specifically conferred upon the committee.

Sec. 33.8 Under the rules in effect in the 87th Congress, the Committee 
    on Banking and Currency, and not the Committee on Public Works, had 
    jurisdiction of a proposal to authorize the Administrator of 
    General Services to acquire land in the District of Columbia for 
    transfer to the International Monetary Fund as a site for a new 
    office building for the fund.

    On May 1, 1962,(10) Speaker John W. McCormack, of 
Massachusetts, recognized Majority Leader Carl Albert, of Oklahoma, who 
proceeded to initiate the following exchange:
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10. 108 Cong. Rec. 7428, 87th Cong. 2d Sess.
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        Mr. Speaker, after consultation between the Speaker and the 
    gentleman

[[Page 2844]]

    from Maryland [Mr. Fallon],(11) I ask unanimous consent 
    that Executive Communication No. 1994, which was referred to the 
    Committee on Public Works, be referred to the Committee on Banking 
    and Currency.
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11. The Chairman of the Committee on Public Works, Charles A. Buckley 
        (N.Y.) was presumably unavailable for the consultation referred 
        to by Mr. Albert. Mr. George H. Fallon (Md.) was the next 
        ranking member of the majority party on the committee.
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        The Speaker: IS there objection to the request of the gentleman 
    from Oklahoma?
        There was no objection.

    Parliamentarian's Note: Executive Communication No. 1994 authorized 
the Administrator of General Services to acquire the land, subject to 
reimbursement by the fund.

Cash Bonuses for Veterans

Sec. 33.9 In the 82d Congress, the Committee on Banking and Currency 
    and not the Committee on Veterans' Affairs had jurisdiction of a 
    concurrent resolution expressing the sense of the Congress that the 
    payment of cash bonuses to veterans is noninflationary, is an 
    appropriate recognition of their services and sacrifices, and that 
    federal agencies should encourage the purchase of state bonds 
    issued to provide for the payment of such bonuses.

    On Oct. 2, 1951,(12) John E. Rankin, of Mississippi 
Chairman of the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, obtained unanimous 
consent to have his committee discharged from further consideration of 
House Concurrent Resolution 150 and to have it rereferred to the 
Committee on Banking and Currency.
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12. 97 Cong. Rec. 12494, 82d Cong. 1st Sess.
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Tin Smelting and Production

Sec. 33.10 The Committee on Banking and Currency and not the Committee 
    on Armed Services has jurisdiction of a concurrent resolution to 
    express the sense of the Congress on continuing the operation of a 
    tin smelter at Texas City, Texas, and to investigate the need of a 
    permanent domestic tin-smelting industry and the adequacy of our 
    strategic stockpile of tin.

    On June 7, 1954,(13) Dewey Short, of Missouri, Chairman 
of the Committee on Armed Services, obtained unanimous consent
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13. 100 Cong. Rec. 7766, 83d Cong. 2d Sess.
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[[Page 2845]]

to have his committee discharged from further consideration of House 
Concurrent Resolution 237 and to have it rereferred to the Committee on 
Banking and Currency.