Biographical Information

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Harold Brown, Chairman. Dr. Brown, of San Diego, California and Washington, D.C., served as Secretary of Defense from January 20, 1977 through January 20, 1981, having previously served as Secretary of the Air Force, Director of Defense Research & Engineering, and President of the California Institute of Technology. He joined the Center for Strategic and International Studies in 1992, having previously been Chairman of the Foreign Policy Institute of the School of Advanced International Studies of The Johns Hopkins University. He is currently a partner in the New York firm of Warburg, Pincus & Co. and serves as a director or trustee for various public and private institutions.

Warren B. Rudman, Vice Chairman. Senator Rudman, of Washington, D.C. and Manchester, New Hampshire, is a partner in the Washington, D.C. law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. He served in the U.S. Senate from 1980 to 1992, where he was a member of the Select Committee on Intelligence. He previously was Attorney General of the State of New Hampshire. He also serves as Vice Chairman of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.

General Lew Allen, Jr., USAF (Ret.). General Allen, of Pasadena, California, served as Chief of Staff of the Air Force and Director of the National Security Agency. He retired in 1991 as a Vice President of the California Institute of Technology and Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He is a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.

Zoë Baird. Ms. Baird, of Hartford, Connecticut, is Senior Vice President and General Counsel of the Aetna Life & Casualty Company. She is a former counselor and senior staff executive of the General Electric Corporation, a former partner in the Washington, D.C. law firm of O'Melveny & Myers, and a former Associate Counsel to President Carter. She is a current member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. Ms. Baird was President Clinton's initial nominee to be Attorney General.

Ann Z. Caracristi. Miss Caracristi, of Washington, D.C., is a former Deputy Director of the National Security Agency, where she served in a variety of senior management positions over a 40-year career. She recently served as a member of the DCI/Secretary of Defense Joint Security Commission. She is a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.

Tony Coelho. Mr. Coelho, of Alexandria, Virginia, is Chairman and CEO of the Washington education, training and communications firm ETC w/tci, and also Chairman and CEO of the New York investment consulting firm Coelho Associates LLC. He is also a Senior Advisor to Schroder Wertheim & Co., Inc. and a director of a number of publicly held corporations and charitable foundations. He is a former Representative from California and Majority Whip of the U.S. House of Representatives.

David H. Dewhurst. Mr. Dewhurst, of Houston, Texas, is founder, Chairman, and CEO of Falcon Seaboard Resources, Inc., an integrated energy company active world-wide. He served as a clandestine service officer with the Central Intelligence Agency in the early 1970s and is an officer and member of the National Board of Directors of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs. Mr. Dewhurst has served on numerous charitable, civic, and political boards, including Chairman of the State of Texas Product Development Advisory Board, Citizens for Sound Economy, Texas Association of Business, Greater Houston Partnership, and Houston CEO Foundation.

Representative Norman D. Dicks. Mr. Dicks, of Washington, was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1976. He has served on the Appropriations Committee since his freshman term and currently sits on the National Security and Natural Resources subcommittees. He currently is the ranking minority member of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Mr. Dicks also served as Legislative Assistant and as Administrative Assistant to Senator Warren Magnuson from 1968 to 1976.

Senator J. James Exon. Senator Exon, of Nebraska, was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1978. He currently is a member of the Armed Services Committee (where he is the ranking minority member of the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces), the Committee on Commerce, Science & Transportation, and the Budget Committee. He is a former two-term Governor of Nebraska and a World War II veteran of the U.S. Army Signal Corps.

Wyche Fowler, Jr. Mr. Fowler, of Washington, D.C. and Atlanta, Georgia, is a partner in the law firm of Powell, Goldstein, Frazer & Murphy. He served 16 years in the Congress. Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986, he was Assistant Floor Leader and was a member of the Appropriations, Budget, Energy, and Agricultural Committees. During his nine years in the U.S. House of Representatives, he served as a charter member of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and on the Ways and Means Committee.

Stephen Friedman. Mr. Friedman, of New York City, is Senior Chairman and a Limited Partner of Goldman, Sachs & Co., which he joined in 1966. He served as Vice Chairman and Co-Chief Operating Officer from 1987 to 1990 and as Co-Chairman or sole Chairman from December 1990 to November 1994, when he retired from active management of the firm.

Representative Porter J. Goss. Mr. Goss, of Florida, was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1988. He currently is a member of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Ethics Committee, and the Rules Committee, where he chairs the Subcommittee on the Legislative and Budget Process. He is a former clandestine service officer with the Central Intelligence Agency, where he served for ten years. Mr. Goss is a former Councilman of Sanibel, Florida, where he also was elected as the city's first mayor. Mr. Goss is a former commissioner of Lee County, where he also served as chairman.

Anthony S. Harrington. Mr. Harrington, of Washington, D.C., is a partner in the law firm of Hogan & Hartson. He is a founder and director of Ovation, an arts television network and was a founder and director of Telecom*USA, prior to its merger with MCI Communications. He was formerly General Counsel to the Democratic National Committee, General Counsel to the Clinton/Gore Campaign, and Assistant Dean of Duke Law School. He is a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board and Chairman of the President's Intelligence Oversight Board.

Robert J. Hermann. Dr. Hermann, of Hartford, Connecticut, is Senior Vice President for Science and Technology of the United Technologies Corporation. He is a former Director of the Defense Department's National Reconnaissance Office and a former senior official at the National Security Agency. He is a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.

Lt. Gen. Robert E. Pursley, USAF (Ret.). General Pursley, of Stamford, Connecticut, is a former President of the Logistics Management Institute; a former Vice Chairman of USAA, a private financial services company; a former partner of J.H. Whitney & Co., a venture capital firm; and a former Executive Vice President of Insilco Corporation. In twenty-five years of military service, he served as Military Assistant to Secretaries of Defense Laird, Clifford, and McNamara and was Commander of U.S. Forces Japan and the Fifth Air Force.

Senator John Warner. Senator Warner, of Virginia, was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1978. He is the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration and the second most senior member of the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Environment and Public Works Committee. He served as Vice Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence from 1992 to 1994. He also is a former Secretary and Under Secretary of the Navy. Senator Warner sponsored the legislation creating this commission.

Paul D. Wolfowitz. Dr. Wolfowitz, of Chevy Chase, Maryland, is the Dean of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at The Johns Hopkins University. He served as Under Secretary of Defense for Policy from 1989 to 1993 and has held a variety of positions in government beginning in 1966.