[U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual]
[Chapter 14 - Leaderwork]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


(See also Chapter 9 ``Abbreviations and Letter Symbols'' and Chapter 
13 ``Tabular Work'') 

14.1.   Leaderwork is a simple form of tabular work without boxheads or 
        rules and is separated from text by 4 points of space above and 
        below in solid matter or 6 points of space in leaded matter. 
        It consists of a reading (stub) column and a figure column, 
        leadered from the bottom line. It may also consist of two 
        reading columns, aligning on the top line. In general, 
        leaderwork (except indexes and tables of contents, which are 
        set the same style as text) is governed by the same rules of 
        style as tabular work. Unless otherwise indicated, leaderwork 
        is set in 8 point. The period is omitted immediately before 
        leaders. 

Bearoff 
14.2.   No bearoff is required at the right in a single reading 
        column. 

Columns 
14.3.   A figure column is at least an en quad wider than the largest 
        group of figures but not less than 3 ems in single columns or 
        2 ems in double-up columns. Total rules are to be the full 
        width of all figure columns. 


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14.4. 	Where both columns are reading columns, they are separated by 
        an em space. 



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Continued heads 
14.5.	 The use of continued heads in leaderwork is not necessary. 

Ditto (do.) 
14.6.	 The abbreviation do. is indented and capitalized in the stub. 
         It is capitalized and cleared in last reading column. 

Dollar mark and ciphers 
14.7. In a column containing mixed amounts (as money, tons, gallons, 
      etc.) the figures are aligned on the right, and the dollar mark 
      or other symbol is repeated before each sum of money. If several 
      sums of money are grouped and added or subtracted to make a 
      total, they are separated from the nonmoney group by a parallel 
      rule, and the symbol is placed on the fi rst figure of the 
      separated group only. 

14.8. If two columns of sums of money add or subtract one into the 
      other and one carries points and ciphers, the other should also 
      carry points and ciphers. 

Flush items and subheads 
14.9. 	Flush items clear the fi gure column. 

14.10. 	Subheads are centered in full measure. 

Footnotes 
14.11. 	Footnotes to leaderwork follow the style of footnotes to tables. 

14.12. 	Footnote references begin with 1 in each leadered grouping, and       
        footnotes are placed at the end, separated from it by 4 points 
        of space. Separate notes from matter following by not less than 
        6 points of space. 

14.13. 	If the leaderwork runs over from one page to another, the 
        footnotes will be placed at the bottom of the leadered 
        material.1 

Units of quantity 
14.14. 	Units of quantity or other words over a stub or figure column 
        are set italic. 

14.15. 	The following example shows the style to be observed where 
        there is a short colon line at left. In case of only one 
        subentry, run in with colon line and preserve the colon. 
              
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14.16. 	If there is no colon line, the style is as follows: 
    
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14.17. 	Explanatory matter is set in 6 point under leaders (note 
        omission of period): 
          ................      ................     .............. 
              (Name)               (Address)            (Position) 

/1/ If footnotes to leaderwork and text fall at bottom of page, 
leaderwork footnotes are placed above text footnotes.  The two groups 
are separated by a 50-point rule. 

14.18. In blank forms, leaders used in place of complete words to be 
       supplied are preceded and followed by a space. 

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14.19. 	In half measure doubled up, units of quantity are aligned 
        across the page.


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14.20. 	Mixed units of quantity and amounts and words in a figure 
column are set as follows: 


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