[Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 109th Congress]
[House Document 108-241]
[Jeffersons Manual of ParliamentaryPractice]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]
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This provision of the parliamentary law is superseded by clause 1 of
rule XVI, which requires every motion entertained by the Speaker to be
entered on the Journal.
Sec. 578. Obsolete provisions as to entry of motions in
If a question is interrupted by a vote to adjourn, or to
proceed to the orders of the day, the original question is never printed
in the journal, it never having been a vote, nor introductory to any
vote; but when suppressed by the previous question, the first question
must be stated, in order to introduce and make intelligible the second.
2 Hats., 83.
In the House a question is not adjourned, except in the sense that it
may be left to go over as unfinished business by reason of a vote to
finally agreed to by the House. The rule of entering in the journals
only what the House has agreed to, is founded in great prudence and good
sense, as there may be many questions proposed which it may be improper
to publish to the world in the form in which they are made. 2 Hats., 85.
Sec. 579. Journal entries of questions postponed or
laid on the table.
So also when a question is postponed, adjourned, or laid on
the table, the original question, though not yet a vote, must be
expressed in the journals, because it makes part of the vote of
postponement, adjourning, or laying it on the table.
Sec. 580. Entry of amendments in the
Where amendments are made to a question, those amendments are not
printed in the journals, separated from the question; but only the
the journals and to take and publish votes from them. Being a record,
every one may see and publish them. 6 Grey, 118, 119.
Sec. 581. Entry of votes in journal of the House of Commons.
In the practice of the House a motion to amend is entered on the
Journal as any other motion, under clause 1 of rule XVI.
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The first order for printing the votes of the House of Commons was
October 30, 1685. 1 Chandler, 387.
The Journal of the House is the official record of the proceedings of
the House (IV, 2727), and certified copies are admitted as evidence in
the courts of the United States (IV, 2810; 28 U.S.C. 1736). A Senate
committee concluded that the Journal entries of a legislative body were
conclusive as to all the proceedings had, and might not be contradicted
by ex parte evidence (I, 563).
Sec. 582. The Journal as an official record.
have been of opinion that the journals of the House of Commons are no
records, but only remembrances. But this is not law. Hob., 110, 111;
Lex. Parl., 114, 115; Jour. H. C., Mar. 17, 1592; Hale, Parl., 105. For
the Lords in their House have power of judicature, the Commons in their
House have power of judicature, and both Houses together have power of
judicature; and the book of the Clerk of the House of Commons is a
record, as is affirmed by act of Parl., 6 H. 8, c. 16; 4 Inst., 23, 24;
and every member of the House of Commons hath a judicial place. 4 Inst.,
15. As records they are open to every person, and a printed vote of
either House is sufficient ground for the other to notice it. Either may
appoint a committee to inspect the journals of the other, and report
what has been done by the other in any particular case. 2 Hats., 261; 3
Hats., 27-30. Every member has a right to see
Sec. 583. Correction of the Journal through a
On information of a misentry or omission of an entry in the
journal, a committee may be appointed to examine and rectify it, and
report it to the House. 2 Hats., 194, 195.