[106th Congress Public Law 509]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]

[DOCID: f:publ509.106]

[[Page 114 STAT. 2361]]

Public Law 106-509
106th Congress

                                 An Act

To amend the National Trails <<NOTE: Nov. 13, 2000 -  [S. 700]>> System 
  Act to designate the Ala Kahakai Trail as a National Historic Trail.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress <<NOTE: Ala Kahakai National 
Historic Trail Act.>> assembled,

SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 16 USC 1241 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail 


    Congress finds that--
            (1) <<NOTE: Hawaii.>> the Ala Kahakai (Trail by the Sea) is 
        an important part of the ancient trail known as the ``Ala Loa'' 
        (the long trail), which circumscribes the island of Hawaii;
            (2) the Ala Loa was the major land route connecting 600 or 
        more communities of the island kingdom of Hawaii from 1400 to 
            (3) the trail is associated with many prehistoric and 
        historic housing areas of the island of Hawaii, nearly all the 
        royal centers, and most of the major temples of the island;
            (4) the use of the Ala Loa is also associated with many 
        rulers of the kingdom of Hawaii, with battlefields and the 
        movement of armies during their reigns, and with annual 
            (5) the use of the trail played a significant part in events 
        that affected Hawaiian history and culture, including--
                    (A) Captain Cook's landing and subsequent death in 
                    (B) Kamehameha I's rise to power and consolidation 
                of the Hawaiian Islands under monarchical rule; and
                    (C) the death of Kamehameha in 1819, followed by the 
                overthrow of the ancient religious system, the Kapu, and 
                the arrival of the first western missionaries in 1820; 
            (6) the trail--
                    (A) was used throughout the 19th and 20th centuries 
                and continues in use today; and
                    (B) contains a variety of significant cultural and 
                natural resources.


    Section 5(a) of the National Trails System Act (16 U.S.C. 1244(a)) 
is amended--

[[Page 114 STAT. 2362]]

            (1) by designating the paragraphs relating to the California 
        National Historic Trail, the Pony Express National Historic 
        Trail, and the Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail as 
        paragraphs (18), (19), and (20), respectively; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(21) Ala kahakai national historic trail.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Ala Kahakai National Historic 
                Trail (the Trail by the Sea), a 175 mile long trail 
                extending from 'Upolu Point on the north tip of Hawaii 
                Island down the west coast of the Island around Ka Lae 
                to the east boundary of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 
                at the ancient shoreline temple known as `Waha'ula', as 
                generally depicted on the map entitled `Ala Kahakai 
                Trail', contained in the report prepared pursuant to 
                subsection (b) entitled `Ala Kahakai National Trail 
                Study and Environmental Impact Statement', dated January 
                    ``(B) Map.--A map generally depicting the trail 
                shall be on file and available for public inspection in 
                the Office of the National Park Service, Department of 
                the Interior.
                    ``(C) Administration.--The trail shall be 
                administered by the Secretary of the Interior.
                    ``(D) Land acquisition.--No land or interest in land 
                outside the exterior boundaries of any federally 
                administered area may be acquired by the United States 
                for the trail except with the consent of the owner of 
                the land or interest in land.
                    ``(E) Public participation; consultation.--The 
                Secretary of the Interior shall--
                          ``(i) encourage communities and owners of land 
                      along the trail, native Hawaiians, and volunteer 
                      trail groups to participate in the planning, 
                      development, and maintenance of the trail; and
                          ``(ii) consult with affected Federal, State, 
                      and local agencies, native Hawaiian groups, and 
                      landowners in the administration of the trail.''.

    Approved November 13, 2000.


SENATE REPORTS: No. 106-65 (Comm. on Energy and Natural Resources).
                                                        Vol. 145 (1999):
                                    July 1, considered and passed 
                                                        Vol. 146 (2000):
                                    Oct. 24, considered and passed