[113th Congress Public Law 79]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



[[Page 128 STAT. 649]]

Public Law 113-79
113th Congress

                                 An Act


 
  To provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other 
programs of the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2018, and 
       for other purposes. <<NOTE: Feb. 7, 2014 -  [H.R. 2642]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Agricultural Act 
of 2014.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Agricultural Act of 
2014''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary of Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                     Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

                             Part I--Repeals

Sec. 1101. Repeal of direct payments.
Sec. 1102. Repeal of counter-cyclical payments.
Sec. 1103. Repeal of average crop revenue election program.

                        Part II--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1111. Definitions.
Sec. 1112. Base acres.
Sec. 1113. Payment yields.
Sec. 1114. Payment acres.
Sec. 1115. Producer election.
Sec. 1116. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1117. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1118. Producer agreements.
Sec. 1119. Transition assistance for producers of upland cotton.

                       Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Availability of nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
           loan commodities.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Term of loans.
Sec. 1204. Repayment of loans.
Sec. 1205. Loan deficiency payments.
Sec. 1206. Payments in lieu of loan deficiency payments for grazed 
           acreage.
Sec. 1207. Special marketing loan provisions for upland cotton.
Sec. 1208. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1209. Availability of recourse loans for high moisture feed grains 
           and seed cotton.
Sec. 1210. Adjustments of loans.

                            Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar policy.

                            Subtitle D--Dairy

          Part I--Margin Protection Program for Dairy Producers

Sec. 1401. Definitions.

[[Page 128 STAT. 650]]

Sec. 1402. Calculation of average feed cost and actual dairy production 
           margins.
Sec. 1403. Establishment of margin protection program for dairy 
           producers.
Sec. 1404. Participation of dairy operations in margin protection 
           program.
Sec. 1405. Production history of participating dairy operations.
Sec. 1406. Margin protection payments.
Sec. 1407. Premiums for margin protection program.
Sec. 1408. Effect of failure to pay administrative fees or premiums.
Sec. 1409. Duration.
Sec. 1410. Administration and enforcement.

  Part II--Repeal or Reauthorization of Other Dairy-Related Provisions

Sec. 1421. Repeal of dairy product price support program.
Sec. 1422. Temporary continuation and eventual repeal of milk income 
           loss contract program.
Sec. 1423. Repeal of dairy export incentive program.
Sec. 1424. Extension of dairy forward pricing program.
Sec. 1425. Extension of dairy indemnity program.
Sec. 1426. Extension of dairy promotion and research program.
Sec. 1427. Repeal of Federal Milk Marketing Order Review Commission.

                Part III--Dairy Product Donation Program

Sec. 1431. Dairy product donation program.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

Sec. 1601. Administration generally.
Sec. 1602. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1603. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1604. Rulemaking related to significant contribution for active 
           personal management.
Sec. 1605. Adjusted gross income limitation.
Sec. 1606. Geographically disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 1607. Personal liability of producers for deficiencies.
Sec. 1608. Prevention of deceased individuals receiving payments under 
           farm commodity programs.
Sec. 1609. Technical corrections.
Sec. 1610. Appeals.
Sec. 1611. Assignment of payments.
Sec. 1612. Tracking of benefits.
Sec. 1613. Signature authority.
Sec. 1614. Implementation.
Sec. 1615. Research option.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2001. Extension and enrollment requirements of conservation reserve 
           program.
Sec. 2002. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2003. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2004. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2005. Payments.
Sec. 2006. Contract requirements.
Sec. 2007. Conversion of land subject to contract to other conserving 
           uses.
Sec. 2008. Effect on existing contracts.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

Sec. 2101. Conservation stewardship program.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Sec. 2201. Purposes.
Sec. 2202. Definitions.
Sec. 2203. Establishment and administration.
Sec. 2204. Evaluation of applications.
Sec. 2205. Duties of producers.
Sec. 2206. Limitation on payments.
Sec. 2207. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2208. Effect on existing contracts.

[[Page 128 STAT. 651]]

         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2301. Agricultural conservation easement program.

          Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2401. Regional conservation partnership program.

                 Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2501. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2502. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2503. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2504. Agriculture conservation experienced services program.
Sec. 2505. Small watershed rehabilitation program.
Sec. 2506. Emergency watershed protection program.
Sec. 2507. Terminal Lakes.
Sec. 2508. Soil and Water Resources Conservation.

                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2601. Funding.
Sec. 2602. Technical assistance.
Sec. 2603. Regional equity.
Sec. 2604. Reservation of funds to provide assistance to certain farmers 
           or ranchers for conservation access.
Sec. 2605. Annual report on program enrollments and assistance.
Sec. 2606. Administrative requirements applicable to all conservation 
           programs.
Sec. 2607. Standards for State technical committees.
Sec. 2608. Rulemaking authority.
Sec. 2609. Wetlands mitigation.
Sec. 2610. Lesser prairie-chicken conservation report.
Sec. 2611. Highly erodible land and wetland conservation for crop 
           insurance.

 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

Sec. 2701. Comprehensive conservation enhancement program.
Sec. 2702. Emergency forestry conservation reserve program.
Sec. 2703. Wetlands reserve program.
Sec. 2704. Farmland protection program and farm viability program.
Sec. 2705. Grassland reserve program.
Sec. 2706. Agricultural water enhancement program.
Sec. 2707. Wildlife habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2708. Great Lakes basin program.
Sec. 2709. Chesapeake Bay watershed program.
Sec. 2710. Cooperative conservation partnership initiative.
Sec. 2711. Environmental easement program.
Sec. 2712. Temporary administration of conservation programs.
Sec. 2713. Technical amendments.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3001. General authority.
Sec. 3002. Set-aside for support for organizations through which 
           nonemergency assistance is provided.
Sec. 3003. Food aid quality.
Sec. 3004. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3005. Food Aid Consultative Group.
Sec. 3006. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3007. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
           delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3008. Impact on local farmers and economy and report on use of 
           funds.
Sec. 3009. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3010. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3011. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
           assistance.
Sec. 3012. Minimum level of nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3013. Micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3014. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program.
Sec. 3015. Coordination of foreign assistance programs report.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3101. Export credit guarantee program.
Sec. 3102. Funding for market access program.

[[Page 128 STAT. 652]]

Sec. 3103. Foreign market development cooperator program.

                Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3201. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3202. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3203. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3204. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
           Nutrition Program.
Sec. 3205. Technical assistance for specialty crops.
Sec. 3206. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3207. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3208. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign 
           Agricultural Affairs.

                           TITLE IV--NUTRITION

          Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Preventing payment of cash to recipients of supplemental 
           nutrition assistance benefits for the return of empty bottles 
           and cans used to contain food purchased with benefits 
           provided under the program.
Sec. 4002. Retail food stores.
Sec. 4003. Enhancing services to elderly and disabled supplemental 
           nutrition assistance program participants.
Sec. 4004. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4005. Exclusion of medical marijuana from excess medical expense 
           deduction.
Sec. 4006. Standard utility allowances based on the receipt of energy 
           assistance payments.
Sec. 4007. Eligibility disqualifications.
Sec. 4008. Eligibility disqualifications for certain convicted felons.
Sec. 4009. Ending supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits for 
           lottery or gambling winners.
Sec. 4010. Improving security of food assistance.
Sec. 4011. Technology modernization for retail food stores.
Sec. 4012. Use of benefits for purchase of community-supported 
           agriculture share.
Sec. 4013. Improved wage verification using the National Directory of 
           New Hires.
Sec. 4014. Restaurant meals program.
Sec. 4015. Mandating State immigration verification.
Sec. 4016. Data exchange standardization for improved interoperability.
Sec. 4017. Pilot projects to improve Federal-State cooperation in 
           identifying and reducing fraud in the supplemental nutrition 
           assistance program.
Sec. 4018. Prohibiting government-sponsored recruitment activities.
Sec. 4019. Tolerance level for excluding small errors.
Sec. 4020. Quality control standards.
Sec. 4021. Performance bonus payments.
Sec. 4022. Pilot projects to reduce dependency and increase work 
           requirements and work effort under supplemental nutrition 
           assistance program.
Sec. 4023. Cooperation with program research and evaluation.
Sec. 4024. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4025. Review, report, and regulation of cash nutrition assistance 
           program benefits provided in Puerto Rico.
Sec. 4026. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4027. Emergency food assistance.
Sec. 4028. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4029. Retail food store and recipient trafficking.
Sec. 4030. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 4031. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands pilot program.
Sec. 4032. Annual State report on verification of SNAP participation.
Sec. 4033. Service of traditional foods in public facilities.

               Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
           projects.
Sec. 4104. Processing of commodities.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Purchase of fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
           schools and service institutions.
Sec. 4202. Pilot project for procurement of unprocessed fruits and 
           vegetables.
Sec. 4203. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4204. Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

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Sec. 4205. Multiagency task force.
Sec. 4206. Healthy Food Financing Initiative.
Sec. 4207. Purchase of Halal and Kosher food for emergency food 
           assistance program.
Sec. 4208. Food insecurity nutrition incentive.
Sec. 4209. Food and agriculture service learning program.
Sec. 4210. Nutrition information and awareness pilot program.
Sec. 4211. Termination of existing agreement.
Sec. 4212. Review of sole-source contracts in Federal nutrition 
           programs.
Sec. 4213. Pulse crop products.
Sec. 4214. Pilot project for canned, frozen, or dried fruits and 
           vegetables.

                             TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5001. Eligibility for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5002. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5003. Joint financing arrangements.
Sec. 5004. Elimination of mineral rights appraisal requirement.
Sec. 5005. Down payment loan program.

                       Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5101. Eligibility for farm operating loans.
Sec. 5102. Elimination of rural residency requirement for operating 
           loans to youth.
Sec. 5103. Defaults by youth loan borrowers.
Sec. 5104. Term limits on direct operating loans.
Sec. 5105. Valuation of local or regional crops.
Sec. 5106. Microloans.
Sec. 5107. Term limits on guaranteed operating loans.

                       Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

Sec. 5201. Eligibility for emergency loans.

                  Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
           pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Farmer loan pilot projects.
Sec. 5303. Definition of qualified beginning farmer or rancher.
Sec. 5304. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5305. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5306. Borrower training.

                        Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5401. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5402. Loans to purchasers of highly fractionated land.
Sec. 5403. Removal of duplicative appraisals.
Sec. 5404. Compensation disclosure by Farm Credit System institutions.

                       TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

Sec. 6001. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6002. Elimination of reservation of community facilities grant 
           program funds.
Sec. 6003. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6004. Use of loan guarantees for community facilities.
Sec. 6005. Tribal college and university essential community facilities.
Sec. 6006. Essential community facilities technical assistance and 
           training.
Sec. 6007. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
           program.
Sec. 6008. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6009. Household water well systems.
Sec. 6010. Rural business and industry loan program.
Sec. 6011. Solid waste management grants.
Sec. 6012. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6013. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6014. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6015. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6016. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6017. Intermediary relending program.
Sec. 6018. Rural college coordinated strategy.
Sec. 6019. Rural water and waste disposal infrastructure.
Sec. 6020. Simplified applications.

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Sec. 6021. National Rural Development Partnership.
Sec. 6022. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6023. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6024. Health care services.
Sec. 6025. Strategic economic and community development.
Sec. 6026. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6027. Northern Great Plains Regional Authority.
Sec. 6028. Rural business investment program.

              Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

Sec. 6101. Fees for certain loan guarantees.
Sec. 6102. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
           telephone purposes.
Sec. 6103. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6104. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
           areas.
Sec. 6105. Rural Gigabit Network Pilot Program.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6201. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6202. Agricultural transportation.
Sec. 6203. Value-added agricultural product market development grants.
Sec. 6204. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 6205. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6206. Study of rural transportation issues.
Sec. 6207. Regional economic and infrastructure development.
Sec. 6208. Definition of rural area for purposes of the Housing Act of 
           1949.
Sec. 6209. Program metrics.
Sec. 6210. Funding of pending rural development loan and grant 
           applications.

           TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Option to be included as non-land-grant college of 
           agriculture.
Sec. 7102. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
           Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7103. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7104. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7105. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
           education.
Sec. 7106. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7107. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
           Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7108. Repeal of human nutrition intervention and health promotion 
           research program.
Sec. 7109. Repeal of pilot research program to combine medical and 
           agricultural research.
Sec. 7110. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7111. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7112. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
           at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7113. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food science facilities and 
           equipment at insular area land-grant institutions.
Sec. 7114. Repeal of national research and training virtual centers.
Sec. 7115. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7116. Competitive Grants Program for Hispanic Agricultural Workers 
           and Youth.
Sec. 7117. Competitive grants for international agricultural science and 
           education programs.
Sec. 7118. Repeal of research equipment grants.
Sec. 7119. University research.
Sec. 7120. Extension service.
Sec. 7121. Auditing, reporting, bookkeeping, and administrative 
           requirements.
Sec. 7122. Supplemental and alternative crops.
Sec. 7123. Capacity building grants for NLGCA institutions.
Sec. 7124. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7125. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7126. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7127. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
           for insular area institutions of higher education.
Sec. 7128. Matching funds requirement.
Sec. 7129. Designation of Central State University as 1890 institution.

[[Page 128 STAT. 655]]

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
           program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7206. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7207. Repeal of rural electronic commerce extension program.
Sec. 7208. Agricultural Genome Initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Repeal of nutrient management research and extension 
           initiative.
Sec. 7211. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7212. Repeal of agricultural bioenergy feedstock and energy 
           efficiency research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7213. Farm business management.
Sec. 7214. Centers of excellence.
Sec. 7215. Repeal of red meat safety research center.
Sec. 7216. Assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7217. National rural information center clearinghouse.

 Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                 of 1998

Sec. 7301. Relevance and merit of agricultural research, extension, and 
           education funded by the Department.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
           grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
           and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia 
           indica.
Sec. 7304. Repeal of Bovine Johne's disease control program.
Sec. 7305. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7306. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7307. [H7308] Food animal residue avoidance database program.
Sec. 7308. Repeal of national swine research center.
Sec. 7309. Office of pest management policy.
Sec. 7310. Forestry products advanced utilization research.
Sec. 7311. Repeal of studies of agricultural research, extension, and 
           education.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

Sec. 7401. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7402. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7403. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7404. Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act.
Sec. 7405. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7406. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7407. Repeal of use of remote sensing data.
Sec. 7408. Repeal of reports under Farm Security and Rural Investment 
           Act of 2002.
Sec. 7409. Beginning farmer and rancher development program.
Sec. 7410. National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
           Policy Act Amendments of 1985.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                      Part I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7501. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7502. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
           biosecurity planning, preparation, and response.
Sec. 7503. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7504. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                    Part II--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7511. Enhanced use lease authority pilot program.
Sec. 7512. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7513. Budget submission and funding.
Sec. 7514. Repeal of seed distribution.
Sec. 7515. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7516. Sun grant program.
Sec. 7517. Repeal of study and report on food deserts.
Sec. 7518. Repeal of agricultural and rural transportation research and 
           education.

                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7601. Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research.

[[Page 128 STAT. 656]]

Sec. 7602. Concessions and agreements with nonprofit organizations for 
           National Arboretum.
Sec. 7603. Agricultural and food law research, legal tools, and 
           information.
Sec. 7604. Cotton Disease Research Report.
Sec. 7605. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 7606. Legitimacy of industrial hemp research.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

             Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

Sec. 8001. Forest land enhancement program.
Sec. 8002. Watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8003. Expired cooperative national forest products marketing 
           program.
Sec. 8004. Hispanic-serving institution agricultural land national 
           resources leadership program.
Sec. 8005. Tribal watershed forestry assistance program.
Sec. 8006. Separate Forest Service decisionmaking and appeals process.

 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                              1978 Programs

Sec. 8101. State-wide assessment and strategies for forest resources.

       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-Related Laws

Sec. 8201. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8202. Office of International Forestry.
Sec. 8203. Healthy forests reserve program.
Sec. 8204. Insect and disease infestation.
Sec. 8205. Stewardship end result contracting projects.
Sec. 8206. Good neighbor authority.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 8301. Revision of strategic plan for forest inventory and analysis.
Sec. 8302. Forest service participation in ACES program.
Sec. 8303. Extension of stewardship contracts authority regarding use of 
           designation by prescription to all thinning sales under 
           National Forest Management Act of 1976.
Sec. 8304. Reimbursement of fire funds.
Sec. 8305. Forest Service large airtanker and aerial asset firefighting 
           recapitalization pilot program.
Sec. 8306. Land conveyance, Jefferson National Forest in Wise County, 
           Virginia.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9001. Definitions.
Sec. 9002. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9003. Biorefinery assistance.
Sec. 9004. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9005. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuels.
Sec. 9006. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 9007. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9008. Biomass research and development.
Sec. 9009. Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers.
Sec. 9010. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Repeal of forest biomass for energy.
Sec. 9012. Community wood energy program.
Sec. 9013. Repeal of biofuels infrastructure study.
Sec. 9014. Repeal of renewable fertilizer study.
Sec. 9015. Energy efficiency report for USDA facilities.

                          TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10001. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10002. Repeal of grant program to improve movement of specialty 
           crops.
Sec. 10003. Farmers' market and local food promotion program.
Sec. 10004. Organic agriculture.
Sec. 10005. Investigations and enforcement of the Organic Foods 
           Production Act of 1990.
Sec. 10006. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10007. Consolidation of plant pest and disease management and 
           disaster prevention programs.
Sec. 10008. Importation of seed.
Sec. 10009. Bulk shipments of apples to Canada.

[[Page 128 STAT. 657]]

Sec. 10010. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10011. Department of Agriculture consultation regarding enforcement 
           of certain labor law provisions.
Sec. 10012. Report on honey.
Sec. 10013. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 10014. Stay of regulations.
Sec. 10015. Regulation of sulfuryl fluoride.
Sec. 10016. Local food production and program evaluation.
Sec. 10017. Clarification of use of funds for technical assistance.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11001. Information sharing.
Sec. 11002. Publication of information on violations of prohibition on 
           premium adjustments.
Sec. 11003. Supplemental coverage option.
Sec. 11004. Crop margin coverage option.
Sec. 11005. Premium amounts for catastrophic risk protection.
Sec. 11006. Permanent enterprise unit subsidy.
Sec. 11007. Enterprise units for irrigated and nonirrigated crops.
Sec. 11008. Data collection.
Sec. 11009. Adjustment in actual production history to establish 
           insurable yields.
Sec. 11010. Submission of policies and Board review and approval.
Sec. 11011. Consultation.
Sec. 11012. Budget limitations on renegotiation of the standard 
           reinsurance agreement.
Sec. 11013. Test weight for corn.
Sec. 11014. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11015. Coverage levels by practice.
Sec. 11016. Beginning farmer and rancher provisions.
Sec. 11017. Stacked income protection plan for producers of upland 
           cotton.
Sec. 11018. Peanut revenue crop insurance.
Sec. 11019. Authority to correct errors.
Sec. 11020. Implementation.
Sec. 11021. Crop insurance fraud.
Sec. 11022. Research and development priorities.
Sec. 11023. Crop insurance for organic crops.
Sec. 11024. Program compliance partnerships.
Sec. 11025. Pilot programs.
Sec. 11026. Index-based weather insurance pilot program.
Sec. 11027. Enhancing producer self-help through farm financial 
           benchmarking.
Sec. 11028. Technical amendments.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                          Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. Trichinae certification program.
Sec. 12102. Sheep production and marketing grant program.
Sec. 12103. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 12104. Country of origin labeling.
Sec. 12105. National animal health laboratory network.
Sec. 12106. Food safety inspection.
Sec. 12107. National Poultry Improvement Plan.
Sec. 12108. Sense of Congress regarding feral swine eradication.

   Subtitle B--Socially Disadvantaged Producers and Limited Resource 
                                Producers

Sec. 12201. Outreach and assistance for socially disadvantaged farmers 
           and ranchers and veteran farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 12202. Office of Advocacy and Outreach.
Sec. 12203. Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers Policy Research 
           Center.
Sec. 12204. Receipt for service or denial of service from certain 
           department of agriculture agencies.

               Subtitle C--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 12301. Grants to improve supply, stability, safety, and training of 
           agricultural labor force.
Sec. 12302. Program benefit eligibility status for participants in high 
           plains water study.
Sec. 12303. Office of Tribal Relations.
Sec. 12304. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12305. Noninsured crop assistance program.
Sec. 12306. Acer access and development program.

[[Page 128 STAT. 658]]

Sec. 12307. Science Advisory Board.
Sec. 12308. Amendments to Animal Welfare Act.
Sec. 12309. Produce represented as grown in the United States when it is 
           not in fact grown in the United States.
Sec. 12310. Report on water sharing.
Sec. 12311. Scientific and economic analysis of the FDA Food Safety 
           Modernization Act.
Sec. 12312. Payment in lieu of taxes.
Sec. 12313. Silvicultural activities.
Sec. 12314. Pima agriculture cotton trust fund.
Sec. 12315. Agriculture Wool Apparel Manufacturers Trust Fund.
Sec. 12316. Wool research and promotion.

    Subtitle D--Oilheat Efficiency, Renewable Fuel Research and Jobs 
                                Training

Sec. 12401. Short title.
Sec. 12402. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 12403. Definitions.
Sec. 12404. Membership.
Sec. 12405. Functions.
Sec. 12406. Assessments.
Sec. 12407. Market survey and consumer protection.
Sec. 12408. Lobbying restrictions.
Sec. 12409. Noncompliance.
Sec. 12410. Sunset.

SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9001.>> DEFINITION OF SECRETARY OF 
                    AGRICULTURE.

    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                     Subtitle A--Repeals and Reforms

                             PART I--REPEALS

SEC. 1101. REPEAL OF DIRECT PAYMENTS.

    Sections 1103 and 1303 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713, 8753) are repealed.
SEC. 1102. REPEAL OF COUNTER-CYCLICAL PAYMENTS.

    (a) Repeal.--Sections 1104 and 1304 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754) are repealed.
    (b) <<NOTE: 7 USC 8714 note.>> Continued Application for 2013 Crop 
Year.--Sections 1104 and 1304 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754), as in effect on the day before the date 
of enactment of this Act, shall continue to apply through the 2013 crop 
year with respect to all covered commodities (as defined in section 1001 
of that Act (7 U.S.C. 8702)) and peanuts on a farm.
SEC. 1103. REPEAL OF AVERAGE CROP REVENUE ELECTION PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1105 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8715) is repealed.
    (b) <<NOTE: 7 USC 8715 note.>> Continued Application for 2013 Crop 
Year.--Section 1105 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8715), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
this Act, shall continue to apply through the 2013 crop year with 
respect to all covered commodities (as defined in section 1001 of that 
Act (7 U.S.C. 8702)) and peanuts on a farm for which the irrevocable 
election under section 1105 of that Act was made before the date of 
enactment of this Act.

[[Page 128 STAT. 659]]

                        PART II--COMMODITY POLICY

SEC. 1111. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9011.>> DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle and subtitle B:
            (1) Actual crop revenue.--The term ``actual crop revenue'', 
        with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
        amount determined by the Secretary under section 1117(b).
            (2) Agriculture risk coverage.--The term ``agriculture risk 
        coverage'' means coverage provided under section 1117.
            (3) Agriculture risk coverage guarantee.--The term 
        ``agriculture risk coverage guarantee'', with respect to a 
        covered commodity for a crop year, means the amount determined 
        by the Secretary under section 1117(c).
            (4) Base acres.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``base acres'', with 
                respect to a covered commodity on a farm, means the 
                number of acres in effect under sections 1001 and 1301 
                of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 8702, 8751), as adjusted pursuant to sections 
                1101, 1108, and 1302 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 8711, 8718, 
                8752), as in effect on September 30, 2013, subject to 
                any reallocation, adjustment, or reduction under section 
                1112 of this Act.
                    (B) Inclusion of generic base acres.--The term 
                ``base acres'' includes any generic base acres planted 
                to a covered commodity as determined in section 1114(b).
            (5) County coverage.--The term ``county coverage'' means 
        agriculture risk coverage selected under section 1115(b)(1) to 
        be obtained at the county level.
            (6) Covered commodity.--The term ``covered commodity'' means 
        wheat, oats, and barley (including wheat, oats, and barley used 
        for haying and grazing), corn, grain sorghum, long grain rice, 
        medium grain rice, pulse crops, soybeans, other oilseeds, and 
        peanuts.
            (7) Effective price.--The term ``effective price'', with 
        respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price 
        calculated by the Secretary under section 1116(b) to determine 
        whether price loss coverage payments are required to be provided 
        for that crop year.
            (8) Extra long staple cotton.--The term ``extra long staple 
        cotton'' means cotton that--
                    (A) is produced from pure strain varieties of the 
                Barbadense species or any hybrid of the species, or 
                other similar types of extra long staple cotton, 
                designated by the Secretary, having characteristics 
                needed for various end uses for which United States 
                upland cotton is not suitable and grown in irrigated 
                cotton-growing regions of the United States designated 
                by the Secretary or other areas designated by the 
                Secretary as suitable for the production of the 
                varieties or types; and
                    (B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if authorized 
                by the Secretary, ginned on another type gin for 
                experimental purposes.
            (9) Generic base acres.--The term ``generic base acres'' 
        means the number of base acres for cotton in effect under 
        section 1001 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 8702), as adjusted pursuant to section 1101

[[Page 128 STAT. 660]]

        of such Act (7 U.S.C. 8711), as in effect on September 30, 2013, 
        subject to any adjustment or reduction under section 1112 of 
        this Act.
            (10) Individual coverage.--The term ``individual coverage'' 
        means agriculture risk coverage selected under section 
        1115(b)(2) to be obtained at the farm level.
            (11) Medium grain rice.--The term ``medium grain rice'' 
        includes short grain rice and temperate japonica rice.
            (12) Other oilseed.--The term ``other oilseed'' means a crop 
        of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, 
        mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, or any oilseed designated by 
        the Secretary.
            (13) Payment acres.--The term ``payment acres'', with 
        respect to the provision of price loss coverage payments and 
        agriculture risk coverage payments, means the number of acres 
        determined for a farm under section 1114.
            (14) Payment yield.--The term ``payment yield'', for a farm 
        for a covered commodity--
                    (A) means the yield used to make payments pursuant 
                to section 1104 or 1304 of the Food, Conservation, and 
                Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8714, 8754), as in effect 
                on September 30, 2013; or
                    (B) means the yield established under section 1113 
                of this Act.
            (15) Price loss coverage.--The term ``price loss coverage'' 
        means coverage provided under section 1116.
            (16) Producer.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``producer'' means an 
                owner, operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper that 
                shares in the risk of producing a crop and is entitled 
                to share in the crop available for marketing from the 
                farm, or would have shared had the crop been produced.
                    (B) Hybrid seed.--In determining whether a grower of 
                hybrid seed is a producer, the Secretary shall--
                          (i) not take into consideration the existence 
                      of a hybrid seed contract; and
                          (ii) ensure that program requirements do not 
                      adversely affect the ability of the grower to 
                      receive a payment under this title.
            (17) Pulse crop.--The term ``pulse crop'' means dry peas, 
        lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
            (18) Reference price.--The term ``reference price'', with 
        respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the 
        following:
                    (A) For wheat, $5.50 per bushel.
                    (B) For corn, $3.70 per bushel.
                    (C) For grain sorghum, $3.95 per bushel.
                    (D) For barley, $4.95 per bushel.
                    (E) For oats, $2.40 per bushel.
                    (F) For long grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
                    (G) For medium grain rice, $14.00 per hundredweight.
                    (H) For soybeans, $8.40 per bushel.
                    (I) For other oilseeds, $20.15 per hundredweight.
                    (J) For peanuts, $535.00 per ton.
                    (K) For dry peas, $11.00 per hundredweight.
                    (L) For lentils, $19.97 per hundredweight.
                    (M) For small chickpeas, $19.04 per hundredweight.

[[Page 128 STAT. 661]]

                    (N) For large chickpeas, $21.54 per hundredweight.
            (19) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.
            (20) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                    (A) a State;
                    (B) the District of Columbia;
                    (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
                    (D) any other territory or possession of the United 
                States.
            (21) Temperate japonica rice.--The term ``temperate japonica 
        rice'' means rice that is grown in high altitudes or temperate 
        regions of high latitudes with cooler climate conditions, in the 
        Western United States, as determined by the Secretary, for the 
        purpose of--
                    (A) the reallocation of base acres under section 
                1112;
                    (B) the establishment of a reference price (as 
                required under section 1116(g)) and an effective price 
                pursuant to section 1116; and
                    (C) the determination of the actual crop revenue and 
                agriculture risk coverage guarantee pursuant to section 
                1117.
            (22) Transitional yield.--The term ``transitional yield'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 502(b) of the Federal 
        Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1502(b)).
            (23) United states.--The term ``United States'', when used 
        in a geographical sense, means all of the States.
            (24) United states premium factor.--The term ``United States 
        Premium Factor'' means the percentage by which the difference in 
        the United States loan schedule premiums for Strict Middling 
        (SM) 1\1/8\-inch upland cotton and for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch 
        upland cotton exceeds the difference in the applicable premiums 
        for comparable international qualities.
SEC. 1112. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9012.>> BASE ACRES.

    (a) Retention or 1-time Reallocation of Base Acres.--
            (1) Election required.--
                    (A) Notice of election opportunity.--As soon as 
                practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary shall provide notice to the owners of a farm 
                regarding their opportunity to make an election, in the 
                manner provided in this subsection--
                          (i) to retain base acres, including any 
                      generic base acres, as provided in paragraph (2); 
                      or
                          (ii) in lieu of retaining base acres, to 
                      reallocate base acres, other than any generic base 
                      acres, as provided in paragraph (3).
                    (B) Content of notice.--The notice under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                          (i) Information that the opportunity of an 
                      owner to make the election is being provided only 
                      once.
                          (ii) Information regarding the manner in which 
                      the owner must make the election and the manner of 
                      notifying the Secretary of the election.
                          (iii) Information regarding the deadline 
                      before which the owner must notify the Secretary 
                      of the election to be in effect beginning with the 
                      2014 crop year.

[[Page 128 STAT. 662]]

                    (C) Effect of failure to make election.--If the 
                owner of a farm fails to make the election under this 
                subsection, or fails to timely notify the Secretary of 
                the election as required by subparagraph (B)(iii), the 
                owner shall be deemed to have elected to retain base 
                acres, including generic base acres, as provided in 
                paragraph (2).
            (2) Retention of base acres.--
                    (A) Election to retain.--For the purpose of applying 
                this part to a covered commodity, the Secretary shall 
                give an owner of a farm an opportunity to elect to 
                retain all of the base acres for each covered commodity 
                on the farm.
                    (B) Treatment of generic base acres.--Generic base 
                acres are automatically retained.
            (3) Reallocation of base acres.--
                    (A) Election to reallocate.--For the purpose of 
                applying this part to covered commodities, the Secretary 
                shall give an owner of a farm an opportunity to elect to 
                reallocate all of the base acres for covered commodities 
                on the farm, as in effect on September 30, 2013, among 
                those covered commodities planted on the farm at any 
                time during the 2009 through 2012 crop years.
                    (B) Reallocation formula.--The reallocation of base 
                acres among covered commodities on a farm shall be in 
                proportion to the ratio of--
                          (i) the 4-year average of--
                                    (I) the acreage planted on the farm 
                                to each covered commodity for harvest, 
                                grazing, haying, silage, or other 
                                similar purposes for the 2009 through 
                                2012 crop years; and
                                    (II) any acreage on the farm that 
                                the producers were prevented from 
                                planting during the 2009 through 2012 
                                crop years to that covered commodity 
                                because of drought, flood, or other 
                                natural disaster, or other condition 
                                beyond the control of the producers, as 
                                determined by the Secretary; to
                          (ii) the 4-year average of--
                                    (I) the acreage planted on the farm 
                                to all covered commodities for harvest, 
                                grazing, haying, silage, or other 
                                similar purposes for such crop years; 
                                and
                                    (II) any acreage on the farm that 
                                the producers were prevented from 
                                planting during such crop years to 
                                covered commodities because of drought, 
                                flood, or other natural disaster, or 
                                other condition beyond the control of 
                                the producers, as determined by the 
                                Secretary.
                    (C) Treatment of generic base acres.--Generic base 
                acres are retained and may not be reallocated under this 
                paragraph.
                    (D) Inclusion of all 4 years in average.--For the 
                purpose of determining a 4-year acreage average under 
                subparagraph (B) for a farm, the Secretary shall not 
                exclude any crop year in which a covered commodity was 
                not planted.

[[Page 128 STAT. 663]]

                    (E) Treatment of multiple planting or prevented 
                planting.--For the purpose of determining under 
                subparagraph (B) the acreage on a farm that producers 
                planted or were prevented from planting during the 2009 
                through 2012 crop years to covered commodities, if the 
                acreage that was planted or prevented from being planted 
                was devoted to another covered commodity in the same 
                crop year (other than a covered commodity produced under 
                an established practice of double cropping), the owner 
                may elect the commodity to be used for that crop year in 
                determining the 4-year average, but may not include both 
                the initial commodity and the subsequent commodity.
                    (F) Limitation.--The reallocation of base acres 
                among covered commodities on a farm under this paragraph 
                may not result in a total number of base acres 
                (including generic base acres) for the farm in excess of 
                the number of base acres in effect for the farm on 
                September 30, 2013.
            (4) Application of election to all covered commodities.--The 
        election made under this subsection, or deemed to be made under 
        paragraph (1)(C), with respect to a farm shall apply to all of 
        the covered commodities on the farm.

    (b) Adjustment of Base Acres.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding the election made under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide for an adjustment, 
        as appropriate, in the base acres for covered commodities for a 
        farm and any generic base acres for the farm whenever any of the 
        following circumstances occur:
                    (A) A conservation reserve contract entered into 
                under section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                U.S.C. 3831) with respect to the farm expires or is 
                voluntarily terminated.
                    (B) Cropland is released from coverage under a 
                conservation reserve contract by the Secretary.
                    (C) The producer has eligible oilseed acreage as the 
                result of the Secretary designating additional oilseeds, 
                which shall be determined in the same manner as eligible 
                oilseed acreage under section 1101(a)(1)(D) of the Food, 
                Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                8711(a)(1)(D)).
            (2) Special conservation reserve acreage payment rules.--For 
        the crop year in which a base acres adjustment under 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) is first made, the 
        owner of the farm shall elect to receive price loss coverage or 
        agriculture risk coverage with respect to the acreage added to 
        the farm under this subsection or a prorated payment under the 
        conservation reserve contract, but not both.

    (c) Prevention of Excess Base Acres.--
            (1) Required reduction.--Notwithstanding the election made 
        under subsection (a), if the sum of the base acres for a farm, 
        including generic base acres, and the acreage described in 
        paragraph (2) exceeds the actual cropland acreage of the farm, 
        the Secretary shall reduce the base acres for 1 or more covered 
        commodities or generic base acres for the farm so that the sum 
        of the base acres, including generic base acres, and the acreage 
        described in paragraph (2) does not exceed the actual cropland 
        acreage of the farm.

[[Page 128 STAT. 664]]

            (2) Other acreage.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall include the following:
                    (A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in the 
                conservation reserve program or wetlands reserve program 
                (or successor programs) under chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3830 et seq.).
                    (B) Any other acreage on the farm enrolled in a 
                Federal conservation program for which payments are made 
                in exchange for not producing an agricultural commodity 
                on the acreage.
                    (C) If the Secretary designates additional oilseeds, 
                any eligible oilseed acreage, which shall be determined 
                in the same manner as eligible oilseed acreage under 
                subsection (b)(1)(C).
            (3) Selection of acres.--The Secretary shall give the owner 
        of the farm the opportunity to select the base acres for a 
        covered commodity or generic base acres for the farm against 
        which the reduction required by paragraph (1) will be made.
            (4) Exception for double-cropped acreage.--In applying 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make an exception in the case 
        of double cropping, as determined by the Secretary.

    (d) Reduction in Base Acres.--
            (1) Reduction at option of owner.--
                    (A) In general.--The owner of a farm may reduce, at 
                any time, the base acres for any covered commodity or 
                generic base acres for the farm.
                    (B) Effect of reduction.--A reduction under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be permanent and made in a manner 
                prescribed by the Secretary.
            (2) Required action by secretary.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall proportionately 
                reduce base acres, including any generic base acres, on 
                a farm for land that has been subdivided and developed 
                for multiple residential units or other nonfarming uses 
                if the size of the tracts and the density of the 
                subdivision is such that the land is unlikely to return 
                to the previous agricultural use, unless the producers 
                on the farm demonstrate that the land--
                          (i) remains devoted to commercial agricultural 
                      production; or
                          (ii) is likely to be returned to the previous 
                      agricultural use.
                    (B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall establish 
                procedures to identify land described in subparagraph 
                (A).
SEC. 1113. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9013.>> PAYMENT YIELDS.

    (a) Establishment and Purpose.--For the purpose of making price loss 
coverage payments under section 1116, the Secretary shall provide for 
the establishment of a yield for each farm for any designated oilseed 
for which a payment yield was not established under section 1102 of the 
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8712) in accordance 
with this section.
    (b) Payment Yields for Designated Oilseeds.--
            (1) Determination of average yield.--In the case of 
        designated oilseeds, the Secretary shall determine the average

[[Page 128 STAT. 665]]

        yield per planted acre for the designated oilseed on a farm for 
        the 1998 through 2001 crop years, excluding any crop year in 
        which the acreage planted to the designated oilseed was zero.
            (2) Adjustment for payment yield.--
                    (A) In general.--The payment yield for a farm for a 
                designated oilseed shall be equal to the product of the 
                following:
                          (i) The average yield for the designated 
                      oilseed determined under paragraph (1).
                          (ii) The ratio resulting from dividing the 
                      national average yield for the designated oilseed 
                      for the 1981 through 1985 crops by the national 
                      average yield for the designated oilseed for the 
                      1998 through 2001 crops.
                    (B) No national average yield information 
                available.--To the extent that national average yield 
                information for a designated oilseed is not available, 
                the Secretary shall use such information as the 
                Secretary determines to be fair and equitable to 
                establish a national average yield under this section.
            (3) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per planted 
        acre for a crop of a designated oilseed for a farm for any of 
        the 1998 through 2001 crop years was less than 75 percent of the 
        county yield for that designated oilseed, the Secretary shall 
        assign a yield for that crop year equal to 75 percent of the 
        county yield for the purpose of determining the average under 
        paragraph (1).

    (c) Effect of Lack of Payment Yield.--
            (1) Establishment by secretary.--In the case of a covered 
        commodity on a farm for which base acres have been established 
        or that is planted on generic base acres, if no payment yield is 
        otherwise established for the covered commodity on the farm, the 
        Secretary shall establish an appropriate payment yield for the 
        covered commodity on the farm under paragraph (2).
            (2) Use of similarly situated farms.--To establish an 
        appropriate payment yield for a covered commodity on a farm as 
        required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into 
        consideration the farm program payment yields applicable to that 
        covered commodity for similarly situated farms. The use of such 
        data in an appeal, by the Secretary or by the producer, shall 
        not be subject to any other provision of law.

    (d) Single Opportunity To Update Yields Used To Determine Price Loss 
Coverage Payments.--
            (1) Election to update.--At the sole discretion of the owner 
        of a farm, the owner of a farm shall have a 1-time opportunity 
        to update, on a covered commodity-by-covered-commodity basis, 
        the payment yield that would otherwise be used in calculating 
        any price loss coverage payment for each covered commodity on 
        the farm for which the election is made.
            (2) Time for election.--The election under paragraph (1) 
        shall be made at a time and manner to be in effect beginning 
        with the 2014 crop year as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Method of updating yields.--If the owner of a farm 
        elects to update yields under this subsection, the payment yield 
        for a covered commodity on the farm, for the purpose of 
        calculating price loss coverage payments only, shall be equal to 
        90 percent of the average of the yield per planted acre

[[Page 128 STAT. 666]]

        for the crop of the covered commodity on the farm for the 2008 
        through 2012 crop years, as determined by the Secretary, 
        excluding any crop year in which the acreage planted to the crop 
        of the covered commodity was zero.
            (4) Use of county average yield.--If the yield per planted 
        acre for a crop of the covered commodity for a farm for any of 
        the 2008 through 2012 crop years was less than 75 percent of the 
        average of the 2008 through 2012 county yield for that 
        commodity, the Secretary shall assign a yield for that crop year 
        equal to 75 percent of the average of the 2008 through 2012 
        county yield for the purposes of determining the average yield 
        under paragraph (3).
SEC. 1114. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9014.>> PAYMENT ACRES.

    (a) Determination of Payment Acres.--
            (1) General rule.--For the purpose of price loss coverage 
        and agriculture risk coverage when county coverage has been 
        selected under section 1115(b)(1), but subject to subsection 
        (e), the payment acres for each covered commodity on a farm 
        shall be equal to 85 percent of the base acres for the covered 
        commodity on the farm.
            (2) Effect of individual coverage.--In the case of 
        agriculture risk coverage when individual coverage has been 
        selected under section 1115(b)(2), but subject to subsection 
        (e), the payment acres for a farm shall be equal to 65 percent 
        of the base acres for all of the covered commodities on the 
        farm.

    (b) Treatment of Generic Base Acres.--
            (1) In general.--In the case of generic base acres, price 
        loss coverage payments and agriculture risk coverage payments 
        are made only with respect to generic base acres planted to a 
        covered commodity for the crop year.
            (2) Attribution.--With respect to a farm containing generic 
        base acres, for the purpose of applying paragraphs (1)(B) and 
        (2)(B) of subsection (a), generic base acres on the farm are 
        attributed to a covered commodity in the following manner:
                    (A) If a single covered commodity is planted and the 
                total acreage planted exceeds the generic base acres on 
                the farm, the generic base acres are attributed to that 
                covered commodity in an amount equal to the total number 
                of generic base acres.
                    (B) If multiple covered commodities are planted and 
                the total number of acres planted to all covered 
                commodities on the farm exceeds the generic base acres 
                on the farm, the generic base acres are attributed to 
                each of the covered commodities on the farm on a pro 
                rata basis to reflect the ratio of--
                          (i) the acreage planted to a covered commodity 
                      on the farm; to
                          (ii) the total acreage planted to all covered 
                      commodities on the farm.
                    (C) If the total number of acres planted to all 
                covered commodities on the farm does not exceed the 
                generic base acres on the farm, the number of acres 
                planted to a covered commodity is attributed to that 
                covered commodity.

[[Page 128 STAT. 667]]

            (3) Treated as additional acreage.--When generic base acres 
        are planted to a covered commodity or acreage planted to a 
        covered commodity is attributed to generic base acres, the 
        generic base acres are in addition to other base acres on the 
        farm.

    (c) Exclusion.--The quantity of payment acres determined under 
subsection (a) may not include any crop subsequently planted during the 
same crop year on the same land for which the first crop is eligible for 
price loss coverage payments or agriculture risk coverage payments, 
unless the crop was approved for double cropping in the county, as 
determined by the Secretary.
    (d) Effect of Minimal Payment Acres.--
            (1) Prohibition on payments.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this title, a producer on a farm may not receive 
        price loss coverage payments or agriculture risk coverage 
        payments if the sum of the base acres on the farm is 10 acres or 
        less, as determined by the Secretary.
            (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to a producer 
        that is--
                    (A) a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as 
                defined in section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm and 
                Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2003(e))); or
                    (B) a limited resource farmer or rancher, as defined 
                by the Secretary.

    (e) Effect of Planting Fruits and Vegetables.--
            (1) Reduction required.--In the manner provided in this 
        subsection, payment acres on a farm shall be reduced in any crop 
        year in which fruits, vegetables (other than mung beans and 
        pulse crops), or wild rice have been planted on base acres on a 
        farm.
            (2) Price loss coverage and county coverage.--In the case of 
        price loss coverage payments and agricultural risk coverage 
        payments using county coverage, the reduction under paragraph 
        (1) shall be the amount equal to the base acres planted to crops 
        referred to in such paragraph in excess of 15 percent of base 
        acres.
            (3) Individual coverage.--In the case of agricultural risk 
        coverage payments using individual coverage, the reduction under 
        paragraph (1) shall be the amount equal to the base acres 
        planted to crops referred to in such paragraph in excess of 35 
        percent of base acres.
            (4) Reduction exceptions.--No reduction to payment acres 
        shall be made under this subsection if--
                    (A) cover crops or crops referred to in paragraph 
                (1) are grown solely for conservation purposes and not 
                harvested for use or sale, as determined by the 
                Secretary; or
                    (B) in any region in which there is a history of 
                double-cropping covered commodities with crops referred 
                to in paragraph (1) and such crops were so double-
                cropped on the base acres, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
SEC. 1115. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9015.>> PRODUCER ELECTION.

    (a) Election Required.--For the 2014 through 2018 crop years, all of 
the producers on a farm shall make a 1-time, irrevocable election to 
obtain--

[[Page 128 STAT. 668]]

            (1) price loss coverage under section 1116 on a covered 
        commodity-by-covered-commodity basis; or
            (2) agriculture risk coverage under section 1117.

    (b) Coverage Options.--In the election under subsection (a), the 
producers on a farm that elect under paragraph (2) of such subsection to 
obtain agriculture risk coverage under section 1117 shall unanimously 
select whether to receive agriculture risk coverage payments based on--
            (1) county coverage applicable on a covered commodity-by-
        covered-commodity basis; or
            (2) individual coverage applicable to all of the covered 
        commodities on the farm.

    (c) Effect of Failure to Make Unanimous Election.--If all the 
producers on a farm fail to make a unanimous election under subsection 
(a) for the 2014 crop year--
            (1) the Secretary shall not make any payments with respect 
        to the farm for the 2014 crop year under section 1116 or 1117; 
        and
            (2) the producers on the farm shall be deemed to have 
        elected price loss coverage under section 1116 for all covered 
        commodities on the farm for the 2015 through 2018 crop years.

    (d) Effect of Selection of County Coverage.--If all the producers on 
a farm select county coverage for a covered commodity under subsection 
(b)(1), the Secretary may not make price loss coverage payments under 
section 1116 to the producers on the farm with respect to that covered 
commodity.
    (e) Effect of Selection of Individual Coverage.--If all the 
producers on a farm select individual coverage under subsection (b)(2), 
in addition to the selection and election under this section applying to 
each producer on the farm, the Secretary shall consider, for purposes of 
making the calculations required by subsections (b)(2) and (c)(3) of 
section 1117, the producer's share of all farms in the same State--
            (1) in which the producer has an interest; and
            (2) for which individual coverage has been selected.

    (f) Prohibition on Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
producers on a farm do not reconstitute the farm to void or change an 
election or selection made under this section.
SEC. 1116. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9016.>> PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.

    (a) Price Loss Coverage Payments.--If all of the producers on a farm 
make the election under subsection (a) of section 1115 to obtain price 
loss coverage or, subject to subsection (c)(1) of such section, are 
deemed to have made such election under subsection (c)(2) of such 
section, the Secretary shall make price loss coverage payments to 
producers on the farm on a covered commodity-by-covered-commodity basis 
if the Secretary determines that, for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years--
            (1) the effective price for the covered commodity for the 
        crop year; is less than
            (2) the reference price for the covered commodity for the 
        crop year.

    (b) Effective Price.--The effective price for a covered commodity 
for a crop year shall be the higher of--
            (1) the national average market price received by producers 
        during the 12-month marketing year for the covered commodity, as 
        determined by the Secretary; or

[[Page 128 STAT. 669]]

            (2) the national average loan rate for a marketing 
        assistance loan for the covered commodity in effect for such 
        crop year under subtitle B.

    (c) Payment Rate.--The payment rate shall be equal to the difference 
between--
            (1) the reference price for the covered commodity; and
            (2) the effective price determined under subsection (b) for 
        the covered commodity.

    (d) Payment Amount.--If price loss coverage payments are required to 
be provided under this section for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years for a covered commodity, the amount of the price loss coverage 
payment to be paid to the producers on a farm for the crop year shall be 
equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the payment rate for the covered commodity under 
        subsection (c);
            (2) the payment yield for the covered commodity; and
            (3) the payment acres for the covered commodity.

    (e) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines under this 
section that price loss coverage payments are required to be provided 
for the covered commodity, the payments shall be made beginning October 
1, or as soon as practicable thereafter, after the end of the applicable 
marketing year for the covered commodity.
    (f) Effective Price for Barley.--In determining the effective price 
for barley under subsection (b), the Secretary shall use the all-barley 
price.
    (g) Reference Price for Temperate Japonica Rice.--The Secretary 
shall provide a reference price with respect to temperate japonica rice 
in an amount equal to 115 percent of the amount established in 
subparagraphs (F) and (G) of section 1111(18) in order to reflect price 
premiums.
SEC. 1117. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9017.>> AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.

    (a) Agriculture Risk Coverage Payments.--If all of the producers on 
a farm make the election under section 1115(a) to obtain agriculture 
risk coverage, the Secretary shall make agriculture risk coverage 
payments to producers on the farm if the Secretary determines that, for 
any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years--
            (1) the actual crop revenue determined under subsection (b) 
        for the crop year; is less than
            (2) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee determined under 
        subsection (c) for the crop year.

    (b) Actual Crop Revenue.--
            (1) County coverage.--In the case of county coverage, the 
        amount of the actual crop revenue for a county for a crop year 
        of a covered commodity shall be equal to the product obtained by 
        multiplying--
                    (A) the actual average county yield per planted acre 
                for the covered commodity, as determined by the 
                Secretary; and
                    (B) the higher of--
                          (i) the national average market price received 
                      by producers during the 12-month marketing year 
                      for the covered commodity, as determined by the 
                      Secretary; or

[[Page 128 STAT. 670]]

                          (ii) the national average loan rate for a 
                      marketing assistance loan for the covered 
                      commodity in effect for such crop year under 
                      subtitle B.
            (2) Individual coverage.--In the case of individual 
        coverage, the amount of the actual crop revenue for a producer 
        on a farm for a crop year shall be based on the producer's share 
        of all covered commodities planted on all farms for which 
        individual coverage has been selected and in which the producer 
        has an interest, to be determined by the Secretary as follows:
                    (A) For each covered commodity, the product obtained 
                by multiplying--
                          (i) the total production of the covered 
                      commodity on such farms, as determined by the 
                      Secretary; and
                          (ii) the higher of--
                                    (I) the national average market 
                                price received by producers during the 
                                12-month marketing year, as determined 
                                by the Secretary; or
                                    (II) the national average loan rate 
                                for a marketing assistance loan for the 
                                covered commodity in effect for such 
                                crop year under subtitle B.
                    (B) The sum of the amounts determined under 
                subparagraph (A) for all covered commodities on such 
                farms.
                    (C) The quotient obtained by dividing the amount 
                determined under subparagraph (B) by the total planted 
                acres of all covered commodities on such farms.

    (c) Agriculture Risk Coverage Guarantee.--
            (1) In general.--The agriculture risk coverage guarantee for 
        a crop year for a covered commodity shall equal 86 percent of 
        the benchmark revenue.
            (2) Benchmark revenue for county coverage.--In the case of 
        county coverage, the benchmark revenue shall be the product 
        obtained by multiplying--
                    (A) subject to paragraph (4), the average historical 
                county yield as determined by the Secretary for the most 
                recent 5 crop years, excluding each of the crop years 
                with the highest and lowest yields; and
                    (B) subject to paragraph (5), the national average 
                market price received by producers during the 12-month 
                marketing year for the most recent 5 crop years, 
                excluding each of the crop years with the highest and 
                lowest prices.
            (3) Benchmark revenue for individual coverage.--In the case 
        of individual coverage, the benchmark revenue for a producer on 
        a farm for a crop year shall be based on the producer's share of 
        all covered commodities planted on all farms for which 
        individual coverage has been selected and in which the producer 
        has an interest, to be determined by the Secretary as follows:
                    (A) For each covered commodity for each of the most 
                recent 5 crop years, the product obtained by 
                multiplying--
                          (i) subject to paragraph (4), the yield per 
                      planted acre for the covered commodity on such 
                      farms, as determined by the Secretary; by
                          (ii) subject to paragraph (5), the national 
                      average market price received by producers during 
                      the 12-month marketing year.
                    (B) For each covered commodity, the average of the 
                revenues determined under subparagraph (A) for the most

[[Page 128 STAT. 671]]

                recent 5 crop years, excluding each of the crop years 
                with the highest and lowest revenues.
                    (C) For each of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, 
                the sum of the amounts determined under subparagraph (B) 
                for all covered commodities on such farms, but adjusted 
                to reflect the ratio between the total number of acres 
                planted on such farms to a covered commodity and the 
                total acres of all covered commodities planted on such 
                farms.
            (4) Yield conditions.--If the yield per planted acre for the 
        covered commodity or historical county yield per planted acre 
        for the covered commodity for any of the 5 most recent crop 
        years, as determined by the Secretary, is less than 70 percent 
        of the transitional yield, as determined by the Secretary, the 
        amounts used for any of those years in paragraph (2)(A) or 
        (3)(A)(i) shall be 70 percent of the transitional yield.
            (5) Reference price.--If the national average market price 
        received by producers during the 12-month marketing year for any 
        of the 5 most recent crop years is lower than the reference 
        price for the covered commodity, the Secretary shall use the 
        reference price for any of those years for the amounts in 
        paragraph (2)(B) or (3)(A)(ii).

    (d) Payment Rate.--The payment rate for a covered commodity, in the 
case of county coverage, or a farm, in the case of individual coverage, 
shall be equal to the lesser of--
            (1) the amount that--
                    (A) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee for the 
                crop year applicable under subsection (c); exceeds
                    (B) the actual crop revenue for the crop year 
                applicable under subsection (b); or
            (2) 10 percent of the benchmark revenue for the crop year 
        applicable under subsection (c).

    (e) Payment Amount.--If agriculture risk coverage payments are 
required to be paid for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the 
amount of the agriculture risk coverage payment for the crop year shall 
be determined by multiplying--
            (1) the payment rate determined under subsection (d); and
            (2) the payment acres determined under section 1114.

    (f) Time for Payments.--If the Secretary determines that agriculture 
risk coverage payments are required to be provided for the covered 
commodity, payments shall be made beginning October 1, or as soon as 
practicable thereafter, after the end of the applicable marketing year 
for the covered commodity.
    (g) Additional Duties of the Secretary.--In providing agriculture 
risk coverage, the Secretary shall--
            (1) to the maximum extent practicable, use all available 
        information and analysis, including data mining, to check for 
        anomalies in the determination of agriculture risk coverage 
        payments;
            (2) to the maximum extent practicable, calculate a separate 
        actual crop revenue and agriculture risk coverage guarantee for 
        irrigated and nonirrigated covered commodities;
            (3) in the case of individual coverage, assign an average 
        yield for a farm on the basis of the yield history of 
        representative farms in the State, region, or crop reporting 
        district, as determined by the Secretary, if the Secretary 
        determines that

[[Page 128 STAT. 672]]

        the farm has planted acreage in a quantity that is insufficient 
        to calculate a representative average yield for the farm; and
            (4) in the case of county coverage, assign an actual or 
        benchmark county yield for each planted acre for the crop year 
        for the covered commodity on the basis of the yield history of 
        representative farms in the State, region, or crop reporting 
        district, as determined by the Secretary, if--
                    (A) the Secretary cannot establish the actual or 
                benchmark county yield for each planted acre for a crop 
                year for a covered commodity in the county in accordance 
                with subsection (b)(1) or (c)(2); or
                    (B) the yield determined under subsection (b)(1) or 
                (c)(2) is an unrepresentative average yield for the 
                county, as determined by the Secretary.
SEC. 1118. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9018.>> PRODUCER AGREEMENTS.

    (a) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--
            (1) Requirements.--Before the producers on a farm may 
        receive payments under this subtitle with respect to the farm, 
        the producers shall agree, during the crop year for which the 
        payments are made and in exchange for the payments--
                    (A) to comply with applicable conservation 
                requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.);
                    (B) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
                requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act 
                (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.);
                    (C) to effectively control noxious weeds and 
                otherwise maintain the land in accordance with sound 
                agricultural practices, as determined by the Secretary; 
                and
                    (D) to use the land on the farm, in a quantity equal 
                to the attributable base acres for the farm and any base 
                acres for an agricultural or conserving use, and not for 
                a nonagricultural commercial, industrial, or residential 
                use, as determined by the Secretary.
            (2) Compliance.--The Secretary may issue such rules as the 
        Secretary considers necessary to ensure producer compliance with 
        the requirements of paragraph (1).
            (3) Modification.--At the request of the transferee or 
        owner, the Secretary may modify the requirements of this 
        subsection if the modifications are consistent with the 
        objectives of this subsection, as determined by the Secretary.

    (b) Transfer or Change of Interest in Farm.--
            (1) Termination.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
                (2), a transfer of (or change in) the interest of the 
                producers on a farm for which payments under this 
                subtitle are provided shall result in the termination of 
                the payments, unless the transferee or owner of the 
                acreage agrees to assume all obligations under 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) Effective date.--The termination shall take 
                effect on the date determined by the Secretary.
            (2) Exception.--If a producer entitled to a payment under 
        this subtitle dies, becomes incompetent, or is otherwise unable 
        to receive the payment, the Secretary shall make the payment in 
        accordance with rules issued by the Secretary.

[[Page 128 STAT. 673]]

    (c) Acreage Reports.--As a condition on the receipt of any benefits 
under this subtitle or subtitle B, the Secretary shall require producers 
on a farm to submit to the Secretary annual acreage reports with respect 
to all cropland on the farm.
    (d) Production Reports.--As an additional condition on receiving 
agriculture risk coverage payments for individual coverage, the 
Secretary shall require a producer on a farm to submit to the Secretary 
annual production reports with respect to all covered commodities 
produced on all farms in the same State--
            (1) in which the producer has an interest; and
            (2) for which individual coverage has been selected.

    (e) Effect of Inaccurate Reports.--No penalty with respect to 
benefits under this subtitle or subtitle B shall be assessed against a 
producer on a farm for an inaccurate acreage or production report unless 
the Secretary determines that the producer on the farm knowingly and 
willfully falsified the acreage or production report.
    (f) Tenants and Sharecroppers.--In carrying out this subtitle, the 
Secretary shall provide adequate safeguards to protect the interests of 
tenants and sharecroppers.
    (g) Sharing of Payments.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
sharing of payments made under this subtitle among the producers on a 
farm on a fair and equitable basis.
SEC. 1119. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9019.>> TRANSITION ASSISTANCE FOR 
                          PRODUCERS OF UPLAND COTTON.

    (a) Availability.--
            (1) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to provide 
        transition assistance to producers of upland cotton in light of 
        the repeal of section 1103 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
        Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713), the inapplicability of sections 
        1116 and 1117 to upland cotton, and the delayed implementation 
        of the Stacked Income Protection Plan required by section 508B 
        of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508b), as added by 
        section 11017 of this Act.
            (2) 2014 crop year.--For the 2014 crop of upland cotton, the 
        Secretary shall provide transition assistance, pursuant to the 
        terms and conditions of this section, to producers on a farm for 
        which cotton base acres were in existence for the 2013 crop 
        year.
            (3) 2015 crop year.--For the 2015 crop of upland cotton, the 
        Secretary shall provide transition assistance, pursuant to the 
        terms and conditions of this section, to producers on a farm--
                    (A) for which cotton base acres were in existence 
                for the 2013 crop year; and
                    (B) that is located in a county in which the Stacked 
                Income Protection Plan required by section 508B of the 
                Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508b) is not 
                available to producers of upland cotton for the 2015 
                crop year.

    (b) Transition Assistance Rate.--The transition assistance rate 
shall be equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the June 12, 2013, midpoint estimate for the marketing 
        year average price of upland cotton received by producers for 
        the marketing year beginning August 1, 2013, minus the December 
        10, 2013, midpoint estimate for the marketing year average price 
        of upland cotton received by producers for the

[[Page 128 STAT. 674]]

        marketing year beginning August 1, 2013, as contained in the 
        applicable World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report 
        published by the Department of Agriculture; and
            (2) the national program yield for upland cotton of 597 
        pounds per acre.

    (c) Calculation of Transition Assistance Amount.--The amount of 
transition assistance to be provided under this section to producers on 
a farm for a crop year shall be equal to the product obtained by 
multiplying--
            (1) for the 2014 crop year, 60 percent, and for the 2015 
        crop year, 36.5 percent, of the cotton base acres referred to in 
        subsection (a) for the farm, subject to adjustment or reduction 
        for conservation measures as provided in subsections (b) and (c) 
        of section 1112;
            (2) the transition assistance rate in effect for the crop 
        year under subsection (b); and
            (3) the payment yield for upland cotton for the farm 
        established for purposes of section 1103(c)(3) of the Food, 
        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8713(c)(3)), 
        divided by the national program yield for upland cotton of 597 
        pounds per acre.

    (d) Time for Payment.--The Secretary may not make transition 
assistance payments for a crop year under this section before October 1 
of the calendar year in which the crop of upland cotton is harvested.
    (e) Payment Limitations.--Sections 1001 through 1001C of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308 through 1308C), as in effect on 
September 30, 2013, shall apply to the receipt of transition assistance 
under this section in the same manner as such sections applied to 
section 1103 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
8713).

                       Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9031.>> AVAILABILITY OF NONRECOURSE 
                          MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS FOR LOAN 
                          COMMODITIES.

    (a) Definition of Loan Commodity.--In this subtitle, the term ``loan 
commodity'' means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland 
cotton, extra long staple cotton, long grain rice, medium grain rice, 
peanuts, soybeans, other oilseeds, graded wool, nongraded wool, mohair, 
honey, dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
    (b) Nonrecourse Loans Available.--
            (1) In general.--For each of the 2014 through 2018 crops of 
        each loan commodity, the Secretary shall make available to 
        producers on a farm nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for 
        loan commodities produced on the farm.
            (2) Terms and conditions.--The marketing assistance loans 
        shall be made under terms and conditions that are prescribed by 
        the Secretary and at the loan rate established under section 
        1202 for the loan commodity.

    (c) Eligible Production.--The producers on a farm shall be eligible 
for a marketing assistance loan under subsection (b) for any quantity of 
a loan commodity produced on the farm.
    (d) Compliance With Conservation and Wetlands Requirements.--As a 
condition of the receipt of a marketing assistance

[[Page 128 STAT. 675]]

loan under subsection (b), the producer shall comply with applicable 
conservation requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.) and applicable wetland 
protection requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 
U.S.C. 3821 et seq.) during the term of the loan.
    (e) Special Rules for Peanuts.--
            (1) In general.--This subsection shall apply only to 
        producers of peanuts.
            (2) Options for obtaining loan.--A marketing assistance loan 
        under this section, and loan deficiency payments under section 
        1205, may be obtained at the option of the producers on a farm 
        through--
                    (A) a designated marketing association or marketing 
                cooperative of producers that is approved by the 
                Secretary; or
                    (B) the Farm Service Agency.
            (3) Storage of loan peanuts.--As a condition on the approval 
        by the Secretary of an individual or entity to provide storage 
        for peanuts for which a marketing assistance loan is made under 
        this section, the individual or entity shall agree--
                    (A) to provide the storage on a nondiscriminatory 
                basis; and
                    (B) to comply with such additional requirements as 
                the Secretary considers appropriate to accomplish the 
                purposes of this section and promote fairness in the 
                administration of the benefits of this section.
            (4) Storage, handling, and associated costs.--
                    (A) In general.--To ensure proper storage of peanuts 
                for which a loan is made under this section, the 
                Secretary shall pay handling and other associated costs 
                (other than storage costs) incurred at the time at which 
                the peanuts are placed under loan, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
                    (B) Redemption and forfeiture.--The Secretary 
                shall--
                          (i) require the repayment of handling and 
                      other associated costs paid under subparagraph (A) 
                      for all peanuts pledged as collateral for a loan 
                      that is redeemed under this section; and
                          (ii) pay storage, handling, and other 
                      associated costs for all peanuts pledged as 
                      collateral that are forfeited under this section.
            (5) Marketing.--A marketing association or cooperative may 
        market peanuts for which a loan is made under this section in 
        any manner that conforms to consumer needs, including the 
        separation of peanuts by type and quality.
            (6) Reimbursable agreements and payment of administrative 
        expenses.--The Secretary may implement any reimbursable 
        agreements or provide for the payment of administrative expenses 
        under this subsection only in a manner that is consistent with 
        those activities in regard to other loan commodities.
SEC. 1202. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9032.>> LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE 
                          MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of each of the 2014 through 2018 crop 
years, the loan rate for a marketing assistance loan

[[Page 128 STAT. 676]]

under section 1201 for a loan commodity shall be equal to the following:
            (1) In the case of wheat, $2.94 per bushel.
            (2) In the case of corn, $1.95 per bushel.
            (3) In the case of grain sorghum, $1.95 per bushel.
            (4) In the case of barley, $1.95 per bushel.
            (5) In the case of oats, $1.39 per bushel.
            (6) In the case of base quality of upland cotton, for each 
        of the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the simple average of the 
        adjusted prevailing world price for the 2 immediately preceding 
        marketing years, as determined by the Secretary and announced 
        October 1 preceding the next domestic plantings, but in no case 
        less than $0.45 per pound or more than $0.52 per pound.
            (7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, $0.7977 per 
        pound.
            (8) In the case of long grain rice, $6.50 per hundredweight.
            (9) In the case of medium grain rice, $6.50 per 
        hundredweight.
            (10) In the case of soybeans, $5.00 per bushel.
            (11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per hundredweight 
        for each of the following kinds of oilseeds:
                    (A) Sunflower seed.
                    (B) Rapeseed.
                    (C) Canola.
                    (D) Safflower.
                    (E) Flaxseed.
                    (F) Mustard seed.
                    (G) Crambe.
                    (H) Sesame seed.
                    (I) Other oilseeds designated by the Secretary.
            (12) In the case of dry peas, $5.40 per hundredweight.
            (13) In the case of lentils, $11.28 per hundredweight.
            (14) In the case of small chickpeas, $7.43 per 
        hundredweight.
            (15) In the case of large chickpeas, $11.28 per 
        hundredweight.
            (16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
            (17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per pound.
            (18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
            (19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
            (20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.

    (b) Single County Loan Rate for Other Oilseeds.--The Secretary shall 
establish a single loan rate in each county for each kind of other 
oilseeds described in subsection (a)(11).
SEC. 1203. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9033.>> TERM OF LOANS.

    (a) Term of Loan.--In the case of each loan commodity, a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 shall have a term of 9 months 
beginning on the first day of the first month after the month in which 
the loan is made.
    (b) Extensions Prohibited.--The Secretary may not extend the term of 
a marketing assistance loan for any loan commodity.
SEC. 1204. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9034.>> REPAYMENT OF LOANS.

    (a) General Rule.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a 
farm to repay a marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for a loan 
commodity (other than upland cotton, long grain

[[Page 128 STAT. 677]]

rice, medium grain rice, extra long staple cotton, peanuts and 
confectionery and each other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil 
sunflower seed)) at a rate that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under 
        section 1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283));
            (2) a rate (as determined by the Secretary) that--
                    (A) is calculated based on average market prices for 
                the loan commodity during the preceding 30-day period; 
                and
                    (B) will minimize discrepancies in marketing loan 
                benefits across State boundaries and across county 
                boundaries; or
            (3) a rate that the Secretary may develop using alternative 
        methods for calculating a repayment rate for a loan commodity 
        that the Secretary determines will--
                    (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                    (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of the 
                commodity by the Federal Government;
                    (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal 
                Government in storing the commodity;
                    (D) allow the commodity produced in the United 
                States to be marketed freely and competitively, both 
                domestically and internationally; and
                    (E) minimize discrepancies in marketing loan 
                benefits across State boundaries and across county 
                boundaries.

    (b) Repayment Rates for Upland Cotton, Long Grain Rice, and Medium 
Grain Rice.--The Secretary shall permit producers to repay a marketing 
assistance loan under section 1201 for upland cotton, long grain rice, 
and medium grain rice at a rate that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under 
        section 1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) the prevailing world market price for the commodity, as 
        determined and adjusted by the Secretary in accordance with this 
        section.

    (c) Repayment Rates for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--Repayment of a 
marketing assistance loan for extra long staple cotton shall be at the 
loan rate established for the commodity under section 1202, plus 
interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)).
    (d) Prevailing World Market Price.--For purposes of this section and 
section 1207, the Secretary shall prescribe by regulation--
            (1) a formula to determine the prevailing world market price 
        for each of upland cotton, long grain rice, and medium grain 
        rice; and
            (2) a mechanism by which the Secretary shall announce 
        periodically those prevailing world market prices.

    (e) Adjustment of Prevailing World Market Price for Upland Cotton, 
Long Grain Rice, and Medium Grain Rice.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 678]]

            (1) Rice.--The prevailing world market price for long grain 
        rice and medium grain rice determined under subsection (d) shall 
        be adjusted to United States quality and location.
            (2) Cotton.--The prevailing world market price for upland 
        cotton determined under subsection (d)--
                    (A) shall be adjusted to United States quality and 
                location, with the adjustment to include--
                          (i) a reduction equal to any United States 
                      Premium Factor for upland cotton of a quality 
                      higher than Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch; and
                          (ii) the average costs to market the 
                      commodity, including average transportation costs, 
                      as determined by the Secretary; and
                    (B) may be further adjusted, during the period 
                beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and 
                ending on July 31, 2019, if the Secretary determines the 
                adjustment is necessary--
                          (i) to minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                          (ii) to minimize the accumulation of stocks of 
                      upland cotton by the Federal Government;
                          (iii) to ensure that upland cotton produced in 
                      the United States can be marketed freely and 
                      competitively, both domestically and 
                      internationally; and
                          (iv) to ensure an appropriate transition 
                      between current-crop and forward-crop price 
                      quotations, except that the Secretary may use 
                      forward-crop price quotations prior to July 31 of 
                      a marketing year only if--
                                    (I) there are insufficient current-
                                crop price quotations; and
                                    (II) the forward-crop price 
                                quotation is the lowest such quotation 
                                available.
            (3) Guidelines for additional adjustments.--In making 
        adjustments under this subsection, the Secretary shall establish 
        a mechanism for determining and announcing the adjustments in 
        order to avoid undue disruption in the United States market.

    (f) Repayment Rates for Confectionery and Other Kinds of Sunflower 
Seeds.--The Secretary shall permit the producers on a farm to repay a 
marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for confectionery and each 
other kind of sunflower seed (other than oil sunflower seed) at a rate 
that is the lesser of--
            (1) the loan rate established for the commodity under 
        section 1202, plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) the repayment rate established for oil sunflower seed.

    (g) Payment of Cotton Storage Costs.--Effective for each of the 2014 
through 2018 crop years, the Secretary shall make cotton storage 
payments available in the same manner, and at the same rates as the 
Secretary provided storage payments for the 2006 crop of cotton, except 
that the rates shall be reduced by 10 percent.
    (h) Repayment Rate for Peanuts.--The Secretary shall permit 
producers on a farm to repay a marketing assistance loan for peanuts 
under section 1201 at a rate that is the lesser of--

[[Page 128 STAT. 679]]

            (1) the loan rate established for peanuts under section 
        1202(a)(20), plus interest (determined in accordance with 
        section 163 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
        Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7283)); or
            (2) a rate that the Secretary determines will--
                    (A) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
                    (B) minimize the accumulation of stocks of peanuts 
                by the Federal Government;
                    (C) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal 
                Government in storing peanuts; and
                    (D) allow peanuts produced in the United States to 
                be marketed freely and competitively, both domestically 
                and internationally.

    (i) Authority To Temporarily Adjust Repayment Rates.--
            (1) Adjustment authority.--In the event of a severe 
        disruption to marketing, transportation, or related 
        infrastructure, the Secretary may modify the repayment rate 
        otherwise applicable under this section for marketing assistance 
        loans under section 1201 for a loan commodity.
            (2) Duration.--Any adjustment made under paragraph (1) in 
        the repayment rate for marketing assistance loans for a loan 
        commodity shall be in effect on a short-term and temporary 
        basis, as determined by the Secretary.
SEC. 1205. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9035.>> LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS.

    (a) Availability of Loan Deficiency Payments.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (d), the 
        Secretary may make loan deficiency payments available to 
        producers on a farm that, although eligible to obtain a 
        marketing assistance loan under section 1201 with respect to a 
        loan commodity, agree to forgo obtaining the loan for the 
        commodity in return for loan deficiency payments under this 
        section.
            (2) Unshorn pelts, hay, and silage.--
                    (A) Marketing assistance loans.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (B), nongraded wool in the form of unshorn 
                pelts and hay and silage derived from a loan commodity 
                are not eligible for a marketing assistance loan under 
                section 1201.
                    (B) Loan deficiency payment.--Effective for each of 
                the 2014 through 2018 crop years, the Secretary may make 
                loan deficiency payments available under this section to 
                producers on a farm that produce unshorn pelts or hay 
                and silage derived from a loan commodity.

    (b) Computation.--A loan deficiency payment for a loan commodity or 
commodity referred to in subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the product 
obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the payment rate determined under subsection (c) for the 
        commodity; by
            (2) the quantity of the commodity produced by the eligible 
        producers, excluding any quantity for which the producers obtain 
        a marketing assistance loan under section 1201.

    (c) Payment Rate.--
            (1) In general.--In the case of a loan commodity, the 
        payment rate shall be the amount by which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
                the loan commodity; exceeds

[[Page 128 STAT. 680]]

                    (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan 
                for the loan commodity may be repaid under section 1204.
            (2) Unshorn pelts.--In the case of unshorn pelts, the 
        payment rate shall be the amount by which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
                ungraded wool; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan 
                for ungraded wool may be repaid under section 1204.
            (3) Hay and silage.--In the case of hay or silage derived 
        from a loan commodity, the payment rate shall be the amount by 
        which--
                    (A) the loan rate established under section 1202 for 
                the loan commodity from which the hay or silage is 
                derived; exceeds
                    (B) the rate at which a marketing assistance loan 
                for the loan commodity may be repaid under section 1204.

    (d) Exception for Extra Long Staple Cotton.--This section shall not 
apply with respect to extra long staple cotton.
    (e) Effective Date for Payment Rate Determination.--The Secretary 
shall determine the amount of the loan deficiency payment to be made 
under this section to the producers on a farm with respect to a quantity 
of a loan commodity or commodity referred to in subsection (a)(2) using 
the payment rate in effect under subsection (c) as of the date the 
producers request the payment.
SEC. 1206. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9036.>> PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF LOAN 
                          DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS FOR GRAZED ACREAGE.

    (a) Eligible Producers.--
            (1) In general.--Effective for each of the 2014 through 2018 
        crop years, in the case of a producer that would be eligible for 
        a loan deficiency payment under section 1205 for wheat, barley, 
        or oats, but that elects to use acreage planted to the wheat, 
        barley, or oats for the grazing of livestock, the Secretary 
        shall make a payment to the producer under this section if the 
        producer enters into an agreement with the Secretary to forgo 
        any other harvesting of the wheat, barley, or oats on that 
        acreage.
            (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--Effective for each of the 
        2014 through 2018 crop years, with respect to a producer on a 
        farm that uses acreage planted to triticale for the grazing of 
        livestock, the Secretary shall make a payment to the producer 
        under this section if the producer enters into an agreement with 
        the Secretary to forgo any other harvesting of triticale on that 
        acreage.

    (b) Payment Amount.--
            (1) In general.--The amount of a payment made under this 
        section to a producer on a farm described in subsection (a)(1) 
        shall be equal to the amount determined by multiplying--
                    (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined 
                under section 1205(c) in effect, as of the date of the 
                agreement, for the county in which the farm is located; 
                by
                    (B) the payment quantity determined by multiplying--
                          (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on the 
                      farm with respect to which the producer elects to 
                      forgo harvesting of wheat, barley, or oats; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 681]]

                          (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the 
                      calculation of price loss coverage under section 
                      1115 with respect to that loan commodity on the 
                      farm;
                          (II) in the case of a farm for which 
                      agriculture risk coverage is elected under section 
                      1116(a), the payment yield that would otherwise be 
                      in effect with respect to that loan commodity on 
                      the farm in the absence of such election; or
                          (III) in the case of a farm for which no 
                      payment yield is otherwise established for that 
                      loan commodity on the farm, an appropriate yield 
                      established by the Secretary in a manner 
                      consistent with section 1113(c).
            (2) Grazing of triticale acreage.--The amount of a payment 
        made under this section to a producer on a farm described in 
        subsection (a)(2) shall be equal to the amount determined by 
        multiplying--
                    (A) the loan deficiency payment rate determined 
                under section 1205(c) in effect for wheat, as of the 
                date of the agreement, for the county in which the farm 
                is located; by
                    (B) the payment quantity determined by multiplying--
                          (i) the quantity of the grazed acreage on the 
                      farm with respect to which the producer elects to 
                      forgo harvesting of triticale; and
                          (ii)(I) the payment yield in effect for the 
                      calculation of price loss coverage under subtitle 
                      A with respect to wheat on the farm;
                          (II) in the case of a farm for which 
                      agriculture risk coverage is elected under section 
                      1116(a), the payment yield that would otherwise be 
                      in effect for wheat on the farm in the absence of 
                      such election; or
                          (III) in the case of a farm for which no 
                      payment yield is otherwise established for wheat 
                      on the farm, an appropriate yield established by 
                      the Secretary in a manner consistent with section 
                      1113(c).

    (c) Time, Manner, and Availability of Payment.--
            (1) Time and manner.--A payment under this section shall be 
        made at the same time and in the same manner as loan deficiency 
        payments are made under section 1205.
            (2) Availability.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
                availability period for the payments authorized by this 
                section.
                    (B) Certain commodities.--In the case of wheat, 
                barley, and oats, the availability period shall be 
                consistent with the availability period for the 
                commodity established by the Secretary for marketing 
                assistance loans authorized by this subtitle.

    (d) Prohibition on Crop Insurance Indemnity or Noninsured Crop 
Assistance.--A 2014 through 2018 crop of wheat, barley, oats, or 
triticale planted on acreage that a producer elects, in the agreement 
required by subsection (a), to use for the grazing of livestock in lieu 
of any other harvesting of the crop shall not be eligible for an 
indemnity under a policy or plan of insurance authorized under the 
Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) or noninsured crop 
assistance under section 196 of the

[[Page 128 STAT. 682]]

Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).
SEC. 1207. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9037.>> SPECIAL MARKETING LOAN PROVISIONS 
                          FOR UPLAND COTTON.

    (a) Special Import Quota.--
            (1) Definition of special import quota.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``special import quota'' means a quantity of imports 
        that is not subject to the over-quota tariff rate of a tariff-
        rate quota.
            (2) Establishment.--
                    (A) In general.--The President shall carry out an 
                import quota program beginning on August 1, 2014, as 
                provided in this subsection.
                    (B) Program requirements.--Whenever the Secretary 
                determines and announces that for any consecutive 4-week 
                period, the Friday through Thursday average price 
                quotation for the lowest-priced United States growth, as 
                quoted for Middling (M) 1\3/32\-inch cotton, delivered 
                to a definable and significant international market, as 
                determined by the Secretary, exceeds the prevailing 
                world market price, there shall immediately be in effect 
                a special import quota.
            (3) Quantity.--The quota shall be equal to the consumption 
        during a 1-week period of cotton by domestic mills at the 
        seasonally adjusted average rate of the most recent 3 months for 
        which official data of the Department of Agriculture are 
        available or, in the absence of sufficient data, as estimated by 
        the Secretary.
            (4) Application.--The quota shall apply to upland cotton 
        purchased not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        Secretary's announcement under paragraph (2) and entered into 
        the United States not later than 180 days after that date.
            (5) Overlap.--A special quota period may be established that 
        overlaps any existing quota period if required by paragraph (2), 
        except that a special quota period may not be established under 
        this subsection if a quota period has been established under 
        subsection (b).
            (6) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity under a 
        special import quota shall be considered to be an in-quota 
        quantity for purposes of--
                    (A) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin Economic 
                Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                    (B) section 204 of the Andean Trade Preference Act 
                (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                    (C) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 
                U.S.C. 2463(d)); and
                    (D) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized Tariff 
                Schedule.
            (7) Limitation.--The quantity of cotton entered into the 
        United States during any marketing year under the special import 
        quota established under this subsection may not exceed the 
        equivalent of 10 weeks' consumption of upland cotton by domestic 
        mills at the seasonally adjusted average rate of the 3 months 
        immediately preceding the first special import quota established 
        in any marketing year.

    (b) Limited Global Import Quota for Upland Cotton.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 683]]

            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Demand.--The term ``demand'' means--
                          (i) the average seasonally adjusted annual 
                      rate of domestic mill consumption of cotton during 
                      the most recent 3 months for which official data 
                      of the Department of Agriculture are available or, 
                      in the absence of sufficient data, as estimated by 
                      the Secretary; and
                          (ii) the larger of--
                                    (I) average exports of upland cotton 
                                during the preceding 6 marketing years; 
                                or
                                    (II) cumulative exports of upland 
                                cotton plus outstanding export sales for 
                                the marketing year in which the quota is 
                                established.
                    (B) Limited global import quota.--The term ``limited 
                global import quota'' means a quantity of imports that 
                is not subject to the over-quota tariff rate of a 
                tariff-rate quota.
                    (C) Supply.--The term ``supply'' means, using the 
                latest official data of the Department of Agriculture--
                          (i) the carry-over of upland cotton at the 
                      beginning of the marketing year (adjusted to 480-
                      pound bales) in which the quota is established;
                          (ii) production of the current crop; and
                          (iii) imports to the latest date available 
                      during the marketing year.
            (2) Program.--The President shall carry out an import quota 
        program that provides that whenever the Secretary determines and 
        announces that the average price of the base quality of upland 
        cotton, as determined by the Secretary, in the designated spot 
        markets for a month exceeded 130 percent of the average price of 
        the quality of cotton in the markets for the preceding 36 
        months, notwithstanding any other provision of law, there shall 
        immediately be in effect a limited global import quota subject 
        to the following conditions:
                    (A) Quantity.--The quantity of the quota shall be 
                equal to 21 days of domestic mill consumption of upland 
                cotton at the seasonally adjusted average rate of the 
                most recent 3 months for which official data of the 
                Department of Agriculture are available or, in the 
                absence of sufficient data, as estimated by the 
                Secretary.
                    (B) Quantity if prior quota.--If a quota has been 
                established under this subsection during the preceding 
                12 months, the quantity of the quota next established 
                under this subsection shall be the smaller of 21 days of 
                domestic mill consumption calculated under subparagraph 
                (A) or the quantity required to increase the supply to 
                130 percent of the demand.
                    (C) Preferential tariff treatment.--The quantity 
                under a limited global import quota shall be considered 
                to be an in-quota quantity for purposes of--
                          (i) section 213(d) of the Caribbean Basin 
                      Economic Recovery Act (19 U.S.C. 2703(d));
                          (ii) section 204 of the Andean Trade 
                      Preference Act (19 U.S.C. 3203);
                          (iii) section 503(d) of the Trade Act of 1974 
                      (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)); and

[[Page 128 STAT. 684]]

                          (iv) General Note 3(a)(iv) to the Harmonized 
                      Tariff Schedule.
                    (D) Quota entry period.--When a quota is established 
                under this subsection, cotton may be entered under the 
                quota during the 90-day period beginning on the date the 
                quota is established by the Secretary.
            (3) No overlap.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), a quota 
        period may not be established that overlaps an existing quota 
        period or a special quota period established under subsection 
        (a).

    (c) Economic Adjustment Assistance to Users of Upland Cotton.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall, on a monthly basis, make economic adjustment assistance 
        available to domestic users of upland cotton in the form of 
        payments for all documented use of that upland cotton during the 
        previous monthly period regardless of the origin of the upland 
        cotton.
            (2) Value of assistance.--Effective beginning on August 1, 
        2013, the value of the assistance provided under paragraph (1) 
        shall be 3 cents per pound.
            (3) Allowable purposes.--Economic adjustment assistance 
        under this subsection shall be made available only to domestic 
        users of upland cotton that certify that the assistance shall be 
        used only to acquire, construct, install, modernize, develop, 
        convert, or expand land, plant, buildings, equipment, 
        facilities, or machinery.
            (4) Review or audit.--The Secretary may conduct such review 
        or audit of the records of a domestic user under this subsection 
        as the Secretary determines necessary to carry out this 
        subsection.
            (5) Improper use of assistance.--If the Secretary 
        determines, after a review or audit of the records of the 
        domestic user, that economic adjustment assistance under this 
        subsection was not used for the purposes specified in paragraph 
        (3), the domestic user shall be--
                    (A) liable for the repayment of the assistance to 
                the Secretary, plus interest, as determined by the 
                Secretary; and
                    (B) ineligible to receive assistance under this 
                subsection for a period of 1 year following the 
                determination of the Secretary.
SEC. 1208. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9038.>> SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS 
                          FOR EXTRA LONG STAPLE COTTON.

    (a) Competitiveness Program.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act 
through July 31, 2019, the Secretary shall carry out a program--
            (1) to maintain and expand the domestic use of extra long 
        staple cotton produced in the United States;
            (2) to increase exports of extra long staple cotton produced 
        in the United States; and
            (3) to ensure that extra long staple cotton produced in the 
        United States remains competitive in world markets.

[[Page 128 STAT. 685]]

    (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Under the program, the 
Secretary shall make payments available under this section whenever--
            (1) for a consecutive 4-week period, the world market price 
        for the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton (adjusted to United States quality and location and for 
        other factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
        determined by the Secretary, is below the prevailing United 
        States price for a competing growth of extra long staple cotton; 
        and
            (2) the lowest priced competing growth of extra long staple 
        cotton (adjusted to United States quality and location and for 
        other factors affecting the competitiveness of such cotton), as 
        determined by the Secretary, is less than 134 percent of the 
        loan rate for extra long staple cotton.

    (c) Eligible Recipients.--The Secretary shall make payments 
available under this section to domestic users of extra long staple 
cotton produced in the United States and exporters of extra long staple 
cotton produced in the United States that enter into an agreement with 
the Commodity Credit Corporation to participate in the program under 
this section.
    (d) Payment Amount.--Payments under this section shall be based on 
the amount of the difference in the prices referred to in subsection 
(b)(1) during the fourth week of the consecutive 4-week period 
multiplied by the amount of documented purchases by domestic users and 
sales for export by exporters made in the week following such a 
consecutive 4-week period.
SEC. 1209. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9039.>> AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS 
                          FOR HIGH MOISTURE FEED GRAINS AND SEED 
                          COTTON.

    (a) High Moisture Feed Grains.--
            (1) Definition of high moisture state.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``high moisture state'' means corn or grain sorghum 
        having a moisture content in excess of Commodity Credit 
        Corporation standards for marketing assistance loans made by the 
        Secretary under section 1201.
            (2) Recourse loans available.--For each of the 2014 through 
        2018 crops of corn and grain sorghum, the Secretary shall make 
        available recourse loans, as determined by the Secretary, to 
        producers on a farm that--
                    (A) normally harvest all or a portion of their crop 
                of corn or grain sorghum in a high moisture state;
                    (B) present--
                          (i) certified scale tickets from an inspected, 
                      certified commercial scale, including a licensed 
                      warehouse, feedlot, feed mill, distillery, or 
                      other similar entity approved by the Secretary, 
                      pursuant to regulations issued by the Secretary; 
                      or
                          (ii) field or other physical measurements of 
                      the standing or stored crop in regions of the 
                      United States, as determined by the Secretary, 
                      that do not have certified commercial scales from 
                      which certified scale tickets may be obtained 
                      within reasonable proximity of harvest operation;
                    (C) certify that the producers on the farm were the 
                owners of the feed grain at the time of delivery to, and

[[Page 128 STAT. 686]]

                that the quantity to be placed under loan under this 
                subsection was in fact harvested on the farm and 
                delivered to, a feedlot, feed mill, or commercial or on-
                farm high-moisture storage facility, or to a facility 
                maintained by the users of corn and grain sorghum in a 
                high moisture state; and
                    (D) comply with deadlines established by the 
                Secretary for harvesting the corn or grain sorghum and 
                submit applications for loans under this subsection 
                within deadlines established by the Secretary.
            (3) Eligibility of acquired feed grains.--A loan under this 
        subsection shall be made on a quantity of corn or grain sorghum 
        of the same crop acquired by the producer equivalent to a 
        quantity determined by multiplying--
                    (A) the acreage of the corn or grain sorghum in a 
                high moisture state harvested on the farm of the 
                producer; by
                    (B) the lower of--
                          (i) the payment yield in effect for the 
                      calculation of price loss coverage under section 
                      1115, or the payment yield deemed to be in effect 
                      or established under subclause (II) or (III) of 
                      section 1206(b)(1)(B)(ii), with respect to corn or 
                      grain sorghum on a field that is similar to the 
                      field from which the corn or grain sorghum 
                      referred to in subparagraph (A) was obtained; or
                          (ii) the actual yield of corn or grain sorghum 
                      on a field, as determined by the Secretary, that 
                      is similar to the field from which the corn or 
                      grain sorghum referred to in subparagraph (A) was 
                      obtained.

    (b) Recourse Loans Available for Seed Cotton.--For each of the 2014 
through 2018 crops of upland cotton and extra long staple cotton, the 
Secretary shall make available recourse seed cotton loans, as determined 
by the Secretary, on any production.
    (c) Repayment Rates.--Repayment of a recourse loan made under this 
section shall be at the loan rate established for the commodity by the 
Secretary, plus interest (determined in accordance with section 163 of 
the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7283)).
SEC. 1210. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9040.>> ADJUSTMENTS OF LOANS.

    (a) Adjustment Authority.--Subject to subsection (e), the Secretary 
may make appropriate adjustments in the loan rates for any loan 
commodity (other than cotton) for differences in grade, type, quality, 
location, and other factors.
    (b) Manner of Adjustment.--The adjustments under subsection (a) 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be made in such a manner that 
the average loan level for the commodity will, on the basis of the 
anticipated incidence of the factors, be equal to the level of support 
determined in accordance with this subtitle and subtitle C.
    (c) Adjustment on County Basis.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may establish loan rates for 
        a crop for producers in individual counties in a manner that 
        results in the lowest loan rate being 95 percent of the national 
        average loan rate, if those loan rates do not result in an 
        increase in outlays.

[[Page 128 STAT. 687]]

            (2) Prohibition.--Adjustments under this subsection shall 
        not result in an increase in the national average loan rate for 
        any year.

    (d) Adjustment in Loan Rate for Cotton.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may make appropriate 
        adjustments in the loan rate for cotton for differences in 
        quality factors.
            (2) Types of adjustments.--Loan rate adjustments under 
        paragraph (1) may include--
                    (A) the use of non-spot market price data, in 
                addition to spot market price data, that would enhance 
                the accuracy of the price information used in 
                determining quality adjustments under this subsection;
                    (B) adjustments in the premiums or discounts 
                associated with upland cotton with a staple length of 33 
                or above due to micronaire with the goal of eliminating 
                any unnecessary artificial splits in the calculations of 
                the premiums or discounts; and
                    (C) such other adjustments as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate, after consultations conducted in 
                accordance with paragraph (3).
            (3) Consultation with private sector.--
                    (A) Prior to revision.--In making adjustments to the 
                loan rate for cotton (including any review of the 
                adjustments) as provided in this subsection, the 
                Secretary shall consult with representatives of the 
                United States cotton industry.
                    (B) Inapplicability of federal advisory committee 
                act.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) 
                shall not apply to consultations under this subsection.
            (4) Review of adjustments.--The Secretary may review the 
        operation of the upland cotton quality adjustments implemented 
        pursuant to this subsection and may make further adjustments to 
        the administration of the loan program for upland cotton, by 
        revoking or revising any adjustment taken under paragraph (2).

    (e) Rice.--The Secretary shall not make adjustments in the loan 
rates for long grain rice and medium grain rice, except for differences 
in grade and quality (including milling yields).

                            Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR POLICY.

    (a) Continuation of Current Program and Loan Rates.--
            (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a) of the Federal Agriculture 
        Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(a)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``and'' at the end of paragraph 
                (3);
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``the 2011 crop 
                year; and'' and inserting ``each of the 2011 through 
                2018 crop years.''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (5).
            (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7272(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 688]]

            (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the Federal 
        Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
        7272(i)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

    (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
            (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the Agricultural 
        Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359bb(a)(1)) is amended by 
        striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
            (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the Agricultural 
        Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ll(a)) is amended by 
        striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

                            Subtitle D--Dairy

          PART I--MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DAIRY PRODUCERS

SEC. 1401. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9051.>> DEFINITIONS.

    In this part and part III:
            (1) Actual dairy production margin.--The term ``actual dairy 
        production margin'' means the difference between the all-milk 
        price and the average feed cost, as calculated under section 
        1402.
            (2) All-milk price.--The term ``all-milk price'' means the 
        average price received, per hundredweight of milk, by dairy 
        operations for all milk sold to plants and dealers in the United 
        States, as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Average feed cost.--The term ``average feed cost'' means 
        the average cost of feed used by a dairy operation to produce a 
        hundredweight of milk, determined under section 1402 using the 
        sum of the following:
                    (A) The product determined by multiplying 1.0728 by 
                the price of corn per bushel.
                    (B) The product determined by multiplying 0.00735 by 
                the price of soybean meal per ton.
                    (C) The product determined by multiplying 0.0137 by 
                the price of alfalfa hay per ton.
            (4) Consecutive 2-month period.--The term ``consecutive 2-
        month period'' refers to the 2-month period consisting of the 
        months of January and February, March and April, May and June, 
        July and August, September and October, or November and 
        December, respectively.
            (5) Dairy operation.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``dairy operation'' means, 
                as determined by the Secretary, 1 or more dairy 
                producers that produce and market milk as a single dairy 
                operation in which each dairy producer--
                          (i) shares in the risk of producing milk; and
                          (ii) makes contributions (including land, 
                      labor, management, equipment, or capital) to the 
                      dairy operation of the individual or entity, which 
                      are at least commensurate with the individual or 
                      entity's share of the proceeds of the operation.
                    (B) Additional ownership structures.--The Secretary 
                shall determine additional ownership structures to be 
                covered by the definition of dairy operation.

[[Page 128 STAT. 689]]

            (6) Margin protection program.--The term ``margin protection 
        program'' means the margin protection program required by 
        section 1403.
            (7) Margin protection program payment.--The term ``margin 
        protection program payment'' means a payment made to a 
        participating dairy operation under the margin protection 
        program pursuant to section 1406.
            (8) Participating dairy operation.--The term ``participating 
        dairy operation'' means a dairy operation that registers under 
        section 1404 to participate in the margin protection program.
            (9) Production history.--The term ``production history'' 
        means the production history determined for a participating 
        dairy operation under subsection (a) or (b) of section 1405 when 
        the participating dairy operation first registers to participate 
        in the margin protection program.
            (10) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.
            (11) United states.--The term ``United States'', in a 
        geographical sense, means the 50 States, the District of 
        Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin 
        Islands of the United States, and any other territory or 
        possession of the United States.
SEC. 1402. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9052.>> CALCULATION OF AVERAGE FEED COST 
                          AND ACTUAL DAIRY PRODUCTION MARGINS.

    (a) Calculation of Average Feed Cost.--The Secretary shall calculate 
the national average feed cost for each month using the following data:
            (1) The price of corn for a month shall be the price 
        received during that month by farmers in the United States for 
        corn, as reported in the monthly Agricultural Prices report by 
        the Secretary.
            (2) The price of soybean meal for a month shall be the 
        central Illinois price for soybean meal, as reported in the 
        Market News-Monthly Soybean Meal Price Report by the Secretary.
            (3) The price of alfalfa hay for a month shall be the price 
        received during that month by farmers in the United States for 
        alfalfa hay, as reported in the monthly Agricultural Prices 
        report by the Secretary.

    (b) Calculation of Actual Dairy Production Margin.--
            (1) In general.--For use in the margin protection program, 
        the Secretary shall calculate the actual dairy production margin 
        for each consecutive 2-month period by subtracting--
                    (A) the average feed cost for that consecutive 2-
                month period, determined in accordance with subsection 
                (a); from
                    (B) the all-milk price for that consecutive 2-month 
                period.
            (2) Time for calculation.--The calculation required by this 
        subsection shall be made as soon as practicable using the full-
        month price of the applicable reference month.
SEC. 1403. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9053.>> ESTABLISHMENT OF MARGIN 
                          PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DAIRY PRODUCERS.

    Not later than September 1, 2014, the Secretary shall establish and 
administer a margin protection program for dairy producers

[[Page 128 STAT. 690]]

under which participating dairy operations are paid a margin protection 
payment when actual dairy production margins are less than the threshold 
levels for a margin protection payment.
SEC. 1404. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9054.>> PARTICIPATION OF DAIRY OPERATIONS 
                          IN MARGIN PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    (a) Eligibility.--All dairy operations in the United States shall be 
eligible to participate in the margin protection program to receive 
margin protection payments.
    (b) Registration Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall specify the manner and 
        form by which a participating dairy operation may register to 
        participate in the margin protection program.
            (2) Treatment of multiproducer dairy operations.--If a 
        participating dairy operation is operated by more than 1 dairy 
        producer, all of the dairy producers of the participating dairy 
        operation shall be treated as a single dairy operation for 
        purposes of participating in the margin protection program.
            (3) Treatment of producers with multiple dairy operations.--
        If a dairy producer operates 2 or more dairy operations, each 
        dairy operation of the producer shall separately register to 
        participate in the margin protection program.

    (c) Annual Administrative Fee.--
            (1) Administrative fee required.--Each participating dairy 
        operation shall--
                    (A) pay an administrative fee to register to 
                participate in the margin protection program; and
                    (B) pay the administrative fee annually through the 
                duration of the margin protection program specified in 
                section 1409.
            (2) Amount of fee.--The administrative fee for a 
        participating dairy operation shall be $100.
            (3) Use of fees.--The Secretary shall use administrative 
        fees collected under this subsection to cover administrative 
        costs incurred to carry out the margin protection program.

    (d) Relation to Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Program.--A dairy 
operation may participate in the margin protection program or the 
livestock gross margin for dairy program under the Federal Crop 
Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), but not both.
SEC. 1405. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9055.>> PRODUCTION HISTORY OF 
                          PARTICIPATING DAIRY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Production History.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (b), when 
        a dairy operation first registers to participate in the margin 
        protection program, the production history of the dairy 
        operation for the margin protection program is equal to the 
        highest annual milk marketings of the participating dairy 
        operation during any one of the 2011, 2012, or 2013 calendar 
        years.
            (2) Adjustment.--In subsequent years, the Secretary shall 
        adjust the production history of a participating dairy operation 
        determined under paragraph (1) to reflect any increase in the 
        national average milk production.

    (b) Election by New Dairy Operations.--In the case of a 
participating dairy operation that has been in operation for less than a 
year, the participating dairy operation shall elect 1 of the

[[Page 128 STAT. 691]]

following methods for the Secretary to determine the production history 
of the participating dairy operation:
            (1) The volume of the actual milk marketings for the months 
        the participating dairy operation has been in operation 
        extrapolated to a yearly amount.
            (2) An estimate of the actual milk marketings of the 
        participating dairy operation based on the herd size of the 
        participating dairy operation relative to the national rolling 
        herd average data published by the Secretary.

    (c) Required Information.--A participating dairy operation shall 
provide all information that the Secretary may require in order to 
establish the production history of the participating dairy operation 
for purposes of participating in the margin protection program.
SEC. 1406. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9056.>> MARGIN PROTECTION PAYMENTS.

    (a) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--For purposes 
of receiving margin protection payments for a consecutive 2-month 
period, a participating dairy operation shall annually elect--
            (1) a coverage level threshold that is equal to $4.00, 
        $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, $7.00, $7.50, or $8.00; and
            (2) a percentage of coverage, in 5-percent increments, 
        beginning with 25 percent and not exceeding 90 percent of the 
        production history of the participating dairy operation.

    (b) Payment Threshold.--A participating dairy operation shall 
receive a margin protection payment whenever the average actual dairy 
production margin for a consecutive 2-month period is less than the 
coverage level threshold selected by the participating dairy operation.
    (c) Amount of Margin Protection Payment.--The margin protection 
payment for the participating dairy operation shall be determined as 
follows:
            (1) The Secretary shall calculate the amount by which the 
        coverage level threshold selected by the participating dairy 
        operation exceeds the average actual dairy production margin for 
        the consecutive 2-month period.
            (2) The amount determined under paragraph (1) shall be 
        multiplied by--
                    (A) the coverage percentage selected by the 
                participating dairy operation; and
                    (B) the production history of the participating 
                dairy operation divided by 6.
SEC. 1407. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9057.>> PREMIUMS FOR MARGIN PROTECTION 
                          PROGRAM.

    (a) Calculation of Premiums.--For purposes of participating in the 
margin protection program, a participating dairy operation shall pay an 
annual premium equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
            (1) the coverage percentage elected by the participating 
        dairy operation under section 1406(a)(2);
            (2) the production history of the participating dairy 
        operation; and
            (3) the premium per hundredweight of milk imposed by this 
        section for the coverage level selected.

    (b) Premium Per Hundredweight for First 4 Million Pounds of 
Production.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 692]]

            (1) In general.--For the first 4,000,000 pounds of milk 
        marketings included in the production history of a participating 
        dairy operation, the premium per hundredweight for each coverage 
        level is specified in the table contained in paragraph (2).
            (2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), 
        the following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.00                                 None
                       $4.50                               $0.010
                       $5.00                               $0.025
                       $5.50                               $0.040
                       $6.00                               $0.055
                       $6.50                               $0.090
                       $7.00                               $0.217
                       $7.50                               $0.300
                       $8.00                               $0.475
------------------------------------------------------------------------


            (3) Special rule.--The premium per hundredweight specified 
        in the table contained in paragraph (2) for each coverage level 
        (except the $8.00 coverage level) shall be reduced by 25 percent 
        for each of calendar years 2014 and 2015.

    (c) Premium Per Hundredweight for Production in Excess of 4 Million 
Pounds.--
            (1) In general.--For milk marketings in excess of 4,000,000 
        pounds included in the production history of a participating 
        dairy operation, the premium per hundredweight for each coverage 
        level is specified in the table contained in paragraph (2).
            (2) Producer premiums.--The following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Coverage Level                      Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       $4.00                                 None
                       $4.50                               $0.020
                       $5.00                               $0.040
                       $5.50                               $0.100
                       $6.00                               $0.155
                       $6.50                               $0.290
                       $7.00                               $0.830
                       $7.50                               $1.060
                       $8.00                               $1.360
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    (d) Time for Payment of Premium.--The Secretary shall provide more 
than 1 method by which a participating dairy operation may pay the 
premium required under this section in any manner

[[Page 128 STAT. 693]]

that maximizes participating dairy operation payment flexibility and 
program integrity.
    (e) Premium Obligations.--
            (1) Pro-ration of premium for new participants.--In the case 
        of a participating dairy operation that first registers to 
        participate in the margin protection program for a calendar year 
        after the start of the calendar year, the participating dairy 
        operation shall pay a pro-rated premium for that calendar year 
        based on the portion of the calendar year for which the 
        participating dairy operation purchases the coverage.
            (2) Legal obligation.--A participating dairy operation in 
        the margin protection program for a calendar year shall be 
        legally obligated to pay the applicable premium for that 
        calendar year, except that the Secretary may waive that 
        obligation, under terms and conditions determined by the 
        Secretary, for any participating dairy operation in the case of 
        death, retirement, permanent dissolution of a participating 
        dairy operation, or other circumstances as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate to ensure the integrity of the program.
SEC. 1408. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9058.>> EFFECT OF FAILURE TO PAY 
                          ADMINISTRATIVE FEES OR PREMIUMS.

    (a) Loss of Benefits.--A participating dairy operation that fails to 
pay the required annual administrative fee under section 1404 or is in 
arrears on premium payments under section 1407--
            (1) remains legally obligated to pay the administrative fee 
        or premiums, as the case may be; and
            (2) may not receive margin protection payments until the 
        fees or premiums are fully paid.

    (b) Enforcement.--The Secretary may take such action as necessary to 
collect administrative fees and premium payments for participation in 
the margin protection program.
SEC. 1409. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9059.>> DURATION.

    The margin protection program shall end on December 31, 2018.
SEC. 1410. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9060.>> ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations to 
address administrative and enforcement issues involved in carrying out 
the margin protection program.
    (b) Reconstitution.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations to 
prohibit a dairy producer from reconstituting a dairy operation for the 
purpose of the dairy producer receiving margin protection payments.
    (c) Administrative Appeals.--Using authorities under section 1001(h) 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(h)) and subtitle H of 
the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act (7 U.S.C. 6991 et 
seq.), the Secretary shall promulgate regulations to provide for 
administrative appeals of decisions of the Secretary that are adverse to 
participants of the margin protection program.
    (d) Inclusion of Additional Order.--Section 143(a)(2) of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7253(a)(2)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Subsection 
(b) does not apply to the authority of the Secretary under this 
subsection.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 694]]

  PART II--REPEAL OR REAUTHORIZATION OF OTHER DAIRY-RELATED PROVISIONS

SEC. 1421. REPEAL OF DAIRY PRODUCT PRICE SUPPORT PROGRAM.

    Section 1501 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8771) is repealed.
SEC. 1422. TEMPORARY CONTINUATION AND EVENTUAL REPEAL OF MILK 
                          INCOME LOSS CONTRACT PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: 7 USC 8773 note.>> Temporary Continuation of Payments 
Under Milk Income Loss Contract Program.--Section 1506 of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8773) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(6) Termination date.--The term `termination date' means 
        the earlier of the following:
                    ``(A) The date on which the Secretary certifies to 
                Congress that the margin protection program required by 
                section 1403 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 is 
                operational.
                    ``(B) September 1, 2014.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting after ``August 
                31, 2013,'' the following: ``and for the period 
                beginning February 1, 2014, and ending on the 
                termination date,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and 
                thereafter,'' and inserting ``and ending January 31, 
                2014,'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``For any month 
                beginning on or after September 1, 2013,'' and inserting 
                ``During the period beginning on September 1, 2013, and 
                ending on January 31, 2014,'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) Final adjustment authority.--During the period 
        beginning on February 1, 2014, and ending on the termination 
        date, if the National Average Dairy Feed Ration Cost for a month 
        during that period is greater than $7.35 per hundredweight, the 
        amount specified in subsection (c)(2)(A) used to determine the 
        payment rate for that month shall be increased by 45 percent of 
        the percentage by which the National Average Dairy Feed Ration 
        Cost exceeds $7.35 per hundredweight.'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by inserting after ``August 31, 
                2013,'' the following: ``and for the period beginning 
                February 1, 2014, and ending on the termination date,''; 
                and
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking ``effective 
                beginning September 1, 2013,'' and inserting ``for the 
                period beginning September 1, 2013, and ending January 
                31, 2014,'';
            (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``during the period 
        beginning on the date that is 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act and ending on September 30, 2013'' and 
        inserting ``until the termination date''; and
            (6) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``September 30, 2013'' 
        and inserting ``the termination date''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 695]]

    (b) Repeal of Milk Income Loss Contract Program.--
            (1) Repeal.--Effective on the termination date, section 1506 
        of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        8773) is repealed.
            (2) Termination date defined.--In paragraph (1), the term 
        ``termination date'' means the earlier of the following:
                    (A) The date on which the Secretary certifies to 
                Congress that the margin protection program required by 
                section 1403 is operational.
                    (B) September 1, 2014.
SEC. 1423. REPEAL OF DAIRY EXPORT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 153 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (15 U.S.C. 
713a-14) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 902(2) of the Trade Sanctions 
Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7201(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (D); and
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
        subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively.
SEC. 1424. EXTENSION OF DAIRY FORWARD PRICING PROGRAM.

    Section 1502(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8772(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
        ``2021''.
SEC. 1425. EXTENSION OF DAIRY INDEMNITY PROGRAM.

    Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 U.S.C. 450l) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 1426. EXTENSION OF DAIRY PROMOTION AND RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy Production Stabilization Act of 1983 
(7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 1427. REPEAL OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDER REVIEW 
                          COMMISSION.

    Section 1509 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1726) is repealed.

                PART III--DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION PROGRAM

SEC. 1431. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9071.>> DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required; Purpose.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date on which the Secretary certifies to Congress that the margin 
protection program is operational, the Secretary shall establish and 
administer a dairy product donation program for the purposes of--
            (1) addressing low operating margins experienced by 
        participating dairy operations; and
            (2) providing nutrition assistance to individuals in low-
        income groups.

[[Page 128 STAT. 696]]

    (b) Program Trigger.--The Secretary shall announce that the dairy 
product donation program is in effect for a month, and undertake 
activities under subsection (c) during the month, whenever the actual 
dairy production margin has been $4.00 or less per hundredweight of milk 
for each of the immediately preceding 2 months.
    (c) Required Program Activities.--
            (1) In general.--Whenever the dairy product donation program 
        is in effect under subsection (b), the Secretary shall 
        immediately purchase dairy products, at prevailing market 
        prices, until such time as one of the termination conditions 
        specified in subsection (d)(1) is met.
            (2) Consultation.--To determine the types and quantities of 
        dairy products to purchase under the dairy product donation 
        program, the Secretary shall consult with public and private 
        nonprofit organizations organized to feed low-income populations

    (d) Termination of Program Activities.--
            (1) Termination thresholds.--The Secretary shall cease 
        activities under the dairy product donation program, and shall 
        not reinitiate activities under the program until the condition 
        specified in subsection (b) is again met, whenever any one of 
        the following occurs:
                    (A) The Secretary has made purchases under the dairy 
                product donation program for three consecutive months, 
                even if the actual dairy production margin remains $4.00 
                or less per hundredweight of milk.
                    (B) The actual dairy production margin has been 
                greater than $4.00 per hundredweight of milk for the 
                immediately preceding month.
                    (C) The actual dairy production margin has been 
                $4.00 or less, but more than $3.00, per hundredweight of 
                milk for the immediately preceding month and during the 
                same month--
                          (i) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                      cheese was more than 5 percent above the world 
                      price; or
                          (ii) the price in the United States for non-
                      fat dry milk was more than 5 percent above the 
                      world price of skim milk powder.
                    (D) The actual dairy production margin has been 
                $3.00 or less per hundredweight of milk for the 
                immediately preceding month and during the same month--
                          (i) the price in the United States for cheddar 
                      cheese was more than 7 percent above the world 
                      price; or
                          (ii) the price in the United States for non-
                      fat dry milk was more than 7 percent above the 
                      world price of skim milk powder.
            (2) Determinations.--For purposes of this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall determine the price in the United States for 
        cheddar cheese and non-fat dry milk and the world price of 
        cheddar cheese and skim milk powder.

    (e) Distribution of Purchased Dairy Products.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall 
        distribute, but not store, the dairy products purchased under 
        the dairy product donation program in a manner that encourages 
        the domestic consumption of such dairy products by

[[Page 128 STAT. 697]]

        diverting them to persons in low-income groups, as determined by 
        the Secretary.
            (2) Use of public or private nonprofit organizations.--The 
        Secretary shall utilize the services of public and private 
        nonprofit organizations for the distribution of dairy products 
        purchased under the dairy product donation program. A public or 
        private nonprofit organization that receives dairy products may 
        transfer the products to another public or private nonprofit 
        organization that agrees to use the dairy products to provide, 
        without cost or waste, nutrition assistance to individuals in 
        low-income groups.

    (f) Prohibition on Resale of Products.--A public or private 
nonprofit organization that receives dairy products under subsection (e) 
may not sell the products back into commercial markets.
    (g) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation Funds.--As specified in 
section 1601(a), the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity 
Credit Corporation shall be available to the Secretary for the purposes 
of implementing and administering the dairy product donation program.
    (h) Duration.--In addition to the termination conditions specified 
in subsection (d)(1), the dairy product donation program shall end on 
December 31, 2018.

   Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs

SEC. 1501. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9081.>> SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL 
                          DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible producer on a farm.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``eligible producer on a 
                farm'' means an individual or entity described in 
                subparagraph (B) that, as determined by the Secretary, 
                assumes the production and market risks associated with 
                the agricultural production of crops or livestock.
                    (B) Description.--An individual or entity referred 
                to in subparagraph (A) is--
                          (i) a citizen of the United States;
                          (ii) a resident alien;
                          (iii) a partnership of citizens of the United 
                      States; or
                          (iv) a corporation, limited liability 
                      corporation, or other farm organizational 
                      structure organized under State law.
            (2) Farm-raised fish.--The term ``farm-raised fish'' means 
        any aquatic species that is propagated and reared in a 
        controlled environment.
            (3) Livestock.--The term ``livestock'' includes--
                    (A) cattle (including dairy cattle);
                    (B) bison;
                    (C) poultry;
                    (D) sheep;
                    (E) swine;
                    (F) horses; and
                    (G) other livestock, as determined by the Secretary.
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.

[[Page 128 STAT. 698]]

    (b) Livestock Indemnity Payments.--
            (1) Payments.--For fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall use such sums as are necessary 
        of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to make 
        livestock indemnity payments to eligible producers on farms that 
        have incurred livestock death losses in excess of the normal 
        mortality, as determined by the Secretary, due to--
                    (A) attacks by animals reintroduced into the wild by 
                the Federal Government or protected by Federal law, 
                including wolves and avian predators; or
                    (B) adverse weather, as determined by the Secretary, 
                during the calendar year, including losses due to 
                hurricanes, floods, blizzards, disease, wildfires, 
                extreme heat, and extreme cold.
            (2) Payment rates.--Indemnity payments to an eligible 
        producer on a farm under paragraph (1) shall be made at a rate 
        of 75 percent of the market value of the applicable livestock on 
        the day before the date of death of the livestock, as determined 
        by the Secretary.
            (3) Special rule for payments made due to disease.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that payments made to an eligible 
        producer under paragraph (1) are not made for the same livestock 
        losses for which compensation is provided pursuant to section 
        10407(d) of the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8306(d)).

    (c) Livestock Forage Disaster Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Covered livestock.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided in clause 
                      (ii), the term ``covered livestock'' means 
                      livestock of an eligible livestock producer that, 
                      during the 60 days prior to the beginning date of 
                      a qualifying drought or fire condition, as 
                      determined by the Secretary, the eligible 
                      livestock producer--
                                    (I) owned;
                                    (II) leased;
                                    (III) purchased;
                                    (IV) entered into a contract to 
                                purchase;
                                    (V) is a contract grower; or
                                    (VI) sold or otherwise disposed of 
                                due to qualifying drought conditions 
                                during--
                                            (aa) the current production 
                                        year; or
                                            (bb) subject to paragraph 
                                        (3)(B)(ii), 1 or both of the 2 
                                        production years immediately 
                                        preceding the current production 
                                        year.
                          (ii) Exclusion.--The term ``covered 
                      livestock'' does not include livestock that were 
                      or would have been in a feedlot, on the beginning 
                      date of the qualifying drought or fire condition, 
                      as a part of the normal business operation of the 
                      eligible livestock producer, as determined by the 
                      Secretary.
                    (B) Drought monitor.--The term ``drought monitor'' 
                means a system for classifying drought severity 
                according to a range of abnormally dry to exceptional 
                drought, as defined by the Secretary.
                    (C) Eligible livestock producer.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 699]]

                          (i) In general.--The term ``eligible livestock 
                      producer'' means an eligible producer on a farm 
                      that--
                                    (I) is an owner, cash or share 
                                lessee, or contract grower of covered 
                                livestock that provides the pastureland 
                                or grazing land, including cash-leased 
                                pastureland or grazing land, for the 
                                livestock;
                                    (II) provides the pastureland or 
                                grazing land for covered livestock, 
                                including cash-leased pastureland or 
                                grazing land that is physically located 
                                in a county affected by drought;
                                    (III) certifies grazing loss; and
                                    (IV) meets all other eligibility 
                                requirements established under this 
                                subsection.
                          (ii) Exclusion.--The term ``eligible livestock 
                      producer'' does not include an owner, cash or 
                      share lessee, or contract grower of livestock that 
                      rents or leases pastureland or grazing land owned 
                      by another person on a rate-of-gain basis.
                    (D) Normal carrying capacity.--The term ``normal 
                carrying capacity'', with respect to each type of 
                grazing land or pastureland in a county, means the 
                normal carrying capacity, as determined under paragraph 
                (3)(D)(i), that would be expected from the grazing land 
                or pastureland for livestock during the normal grazing 
                period, in the absence of a drought or fire that 
                diminishes the production of the grazing land or 
                pastureland.
                    (E) Normal grazing period.--The term ``normal 
                grazing period'', with respect to a county, means the 
                normal grazing period during the calendar year for the 
                county, as determined under paragraph (3)(D)(i).
            (2) Program.--For fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall use such sums as are necessary 
        of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to provide 
        compensation for losses to eligible livestock producers due to 
        grazing losses for covered livestock due to--
                    (A) a drought condition, as described in paragraph 
                (3); or
                    (B) fire, as described in paragraph (4).
            (3) Assistance for losses due to drought conditions.--
                    (A) Eligible losses.--
                          (i) In general.--An eligible livestock 
                      producer may receive assistance under this 
                      subsection only for grazing losses for covered 
                      livestock that occur on land that--
                                    (I) is native or improved 
                                pastureland with permanent vegetative 
                                cover; or
                                    (II) is planted to a crop planted 
                                specifically for the purpose of 
                                providing grazing for covered livestock.
                          (ii) Exclusions.--An eligible livestock 
                      producer may not receive assistance under this 
                      subsection for grazing losses that occur on land 
                      used for haying or grazing under the conservation 
                      reserve program established under subchapter B of 
                      chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
                      Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.).
                    (B) Monthly payment rate.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 700]]

                          (i) In general.--Except as provided in clause 
                      (ii), the payment rate for assistance under this 
                      paragraph for 1 month shall, in the case of 
                      drought, be equal to 60 percent of the lesser of--
                                    (I) the monthly feed cost for all 
                                covered livestock owned or leased by the 
                                eligible livestock producer, as 
                                determined under subparagraph (C); or
                                    (II) the monthly feed cost 
                                calculated by using the normal carrying 
                                capacity of the eligible grazing land of 
                                the eligible livestock producer.
                          (ii) Partial compensation.--In the case of an 
                      eligible livestock producer that sold or otherwise 
                      disposed of covered livestock due to drought 
                      conditions in 1 or both of the 2 production years 
                      immediately preceding the current production year, 
                      as determined by the Secretary, the payment rate 
                      shall be 80 percent of the payment rate otherwise 
                      calculated in accordance with clause (i).
                    (C) Monthly feed cost.--
                          (i) In general.--The monthly feed cost shall 
                      equal the product obtained by multiplying--
                                    (I) 30 days;
                                    (II) a payment quantity that is 
                                equal to the feed grain equivalent, as 
                                determined under clause (ii); and
                                    (III) a payment rate that is equal 
                                to the corn price per pound, as 
                                determined under clause (iii).
                          (ii) Feed grain equivalent.--For purposes of 
                      clause (i)(II), the feed grain equivalent shall 
                      equal--
                                    (I) in the case of an adult beef 
                                cow, 15.7 pounds of corn per day; or
                                    (II) in the case of any other type 
                                of weight of livestock, an amount 
                                determined by the Secretary that 
                                represents the average number of pounds 
                                of corn per day necessary to feed the 
                                livestock.
                          (iii) Corn price per pound.--For purposes of 
                      clause (i)(III), the corn price per pound shall 
                      equal the quotient obtained by dividing--
                                    (I) the higher of--
                                            (aa) the national average 
                                        corn price per bushel for the 
                                        12-month period immediately 
                                        preceding March 1 of the year 
                                        for which the disaster 
                                        assistance is calculated; or
                                            (bb) the national average 
                                        corn price per bushel for the 
                                        24-month period immediately 
                                        preceding that March 1; by
                                    (II) 56.
                    (D) Normal grazing period and drought monitor 
                intensity.--
                          (i) FSA county committee determinations.--
                                    (I) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                                determine the normal carrying capacity 
                                and normal grazing period for each type 
                                of grazing land or pastureland in the 
                                county served by the applicable 
                                committee.

[[Page 128 STAT. 701]]

                                    (II) Changes.--No change to the 
                                normal carrying capacity or normal 
                                grazing period established for a county 
                                under subclause (I) shall be made unless 
                                the change is requested by the 
                                appropriate State and county Farm 
                                Service Agency committees.
                          (ii) Drought intensity.--
                                    (I) D2.--An eligible livestock 
                                producer that owns or leases grazing 
                                land or pastureland that is physically 
                                located in a county that is rated by the 
                                U.S. Drought Monitor as having a D2 
                                (severe drought) intensity in any area 
                                of the county for at least 8 consecutive 
                                weeks during the normal grazing period 
                                for the county, as determined by the 
                                Secretary, shall be eligible to receive 
                                assistance under this paragraph in an 
                                amount equal to 1 monthly payment using 
                                the monthly payment rate determined 
                                under subparagraph (B).
                                    (II) D3.--An eligible livestock 
                                producer that owns or leases grazing 
                                land or pastureland that is physically 
                                located in a county that is rated by the 
                                U.S. Drought Monitor as having at least 
                                a D3 (extreme drought) intensity in any 
                                area of the county at any time during 
                                the normal grazing period for the 
                                county, as determined by the Secretary, 
                                shall be eligible to receive assistance 
                                under this paragraph--
                                            (aa) in an amount equal to 3 
                                        monthly payments using the 
                                        monthly payment rate determined 
                                        under subparagraph (B);
                                            (bb) if the county is rated 
                                        as having a D3 (extreme drought) 
                                        intensity in any area of the 
                                        county for at least 4 weeks 
                                        during the normal grazing period 
                                        for the county, or is rated as 
                                        having a D4 (exceptional 
                                        drought) intensity in any area 
                                        of the county at any time during 
                                        the normal grazing period, in an 
                                        amount equal to 4 monthly 
                                        payments using the monthly 
                                        payment rate determined under 
                                        subparagraph (B); or
                                            (cc) if the county is rated 
                                        as having a D4 (exceptional 
                                        drought) intensity in any area 
                                        of the county for at least 4 
                                        weeks during the normal grazing 
                                        period, in an amount equal to 5 
                                        monthly payments using the 
                                        monthly rate determined under 
                                        subparagraph (B).
            (4) Assistance for losses due to fire on public managed 
        land.--
                    (A) In general.--An eligible livestock producer may 
                receive assistance under this paragraph only if--
                          (i) the grazing losses occur on rangeland that 
                      is managed by a Federal agency; and
                          (ii) the eligible livestock producer is 
                      prohibited by the Federal agency from grazing the 
                      normal permitted livestock on the managed 
                      rangeland due to a fire.
                    (B) Payment rate.--The payment rate for assistance 
                under this paragraph shall be equal to 50 percent of the

[[Page 128 STAT. 702]]

                monthly feed cost for the total number of livestock 
                covered by the Federal lease of the eligible livestock 
                producer, as determined under paragraph (3)(C).
                    (C) Payment duration.--
                          (i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), an 
                      eligible livestock producer shall be eligible to 
                      receive assistance under this paragraph for the 
                      period--
                                    (I) beginning on the date on which 
                                the Federal agency excludes the eligible 
                                livestock producer from using the 
                                managed rangeland for grazing; and
                                    (II) ending on the last day of the 
                                Federal lease of the eligible livestock 
                                producer.
                          (ii) Limitation.--An eligible livestock 
                      producer may only receive assistance under this 
                      paragraph for losses that occur on not more than 
                      180 days per year.
            (5) No duplicative payments.--An eligible livestock producer 
        may elect to receive assistance for grazing or pasture feed 
        losses due to drought conditions under paragraph (3) or fire 
        under paragraph (4), but not both for the same loss, as 
        determined by the Secretary.

    (d) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and Farm-Raised 
Fish.--
            (1) In general.--For fiscal year 2012 and each succeeding 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall use not more than $20,000,000 
        of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to provide 
        emergency relief to eligible producers of livestock, honey bees, 
        and farm-raised fish to aid in the reduction of losses due to 
        disease (including cattle tick fever), adverse weather, or other 
        conditions, such as blizzards and wildfires, as determined by 
        the Secretary, that are not covered under subsection (b) or (c).
            (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this 
        subsection shall be used to reduce losses caused by feed or 
        water shortages, disease, or other factors as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (3) Availability of funds.--Any funds made available under 
        this subsection shall remain available until expended.

    (e) Tree Assistance Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Eligible orchardist.--The term ``eligible 
                orchardist'' means a person that produces annual crops 
                from trees for commercial purposes.
                    (B) Natural disaster.--The term ``natural disaster'' 
                means plant disease, insect infestation, drought, fire, 
                freeze, flood, earthquake, lightning, or other 
                occurrence, as determined by the Secretary.
                    (C) Nursery tree grower.--The term ``nursery tree 
                grower'' means a person who produces nursery, 
                ornamental, fruit, nut, or Christmas trees for 
                commercial sale, as determined by the Secretary.
                    (D) Tree.--The term ``tree'' includes a tree, bush, 
                and vine.
            (2) Eligibility.--
                    (A) Loss.--Subject to subparagraph (B), for fiscal 
                year 2012 and each succeeding fiscal year, the Secretary 
                shall

[[Page 128 STAT. 703]]

                use such sums as are necessary of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to provide assistance--
                          (i) under paragraph (3) to eligible 
                      orchardists and nursery tree growers that planted 
                      trees for commercial purposes but lost the trees 
                      as a result of a natural disaster, as determined 
                      by the Secretary; and
                          (ii) under paragraph (3)(B) to eligible 
                      orchardists and nursery tree growers that have a 
                      production history for commercial purposes on 
                      planted or existing trees but lost the trees as a 
                      result of a natural disaster, as determined by the 
                      Secretary.
                    (B) Limitation.--An eligible orchardist or nursery 
                tree grower shall qualify for assistance under 
                subparagraph (A) only if the tree mortality of the 
                eligible orchardist or nursery tree grower, as a result 
                of damaging weather or related condition, exceeds 15 
                percent (adjusted for normal mortality).
            (3) Assistance.--Subject to paragraph (4), the assistance 
        provided by the Secretary to eligible orchardists and nursery 
        tree growers for losses described in paragraph (2) shall consist 
        of--
                    (A)(i) reimbursement of 65 percent of the cost of 
                replanting trees lost due to a natural disaster, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in excess of 15 percent 
                mortality (adjusted for normal mortality); or
                    (ii) at the option of the Secretary, sufficient 
                seedlings to reestablish a stand; and
                    (B) reimbursement of 50 percent of the cost of 
                pruning, removal, and other costs incurred by an 
                eligible orchardist or nursery tree grower to salvage 
                existing trees or, in the case of tree mortality, to 
                prepare the land to replant trees as a result of damage 
                or tree mortality due to a natural disaster, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in excess of 15 percent 
                damage or mortality (adjusted for normal tree damage and 
                mortality).
            (4) Limitations on assistance.--
                    (A) Definitions of legal entity and person.--In this 
                paragraph, the terms ``legal entity'' and ``person'' 
                have the meaning given those terms in section 1001(a) of 
                the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)).
                    (B) Amount.--The total amount of payments received, 
                directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity 
                (excluding a joint venture or general partnership) under 
                this subsection may not exceed $125,000 for any crop 
                year, or an equivalent value in tree seedlings.
                    (C) Acres.--The total quantity of acres planted to 
                trees or tree seedlings for which a person or legal 
                entity shall be entitled to receive payments under this 
                subsection may not exceed 500 acres.

    (f) Payment Limitations.--
            (1) Definitions of legal entity and person.--In this 
        subsection, the terms ``legal entity'' and ``person'' have the 
        meaning given those terms in section 1001(a) of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)).
            (2) Amount.--The total amount of disaster assistance 
        payments received, directly or indirectly, by a person or legal 
        entity (excluding a joint venture or general partnership) under

[[Page 128 STAT. 704]]

        this section (excluding payments received under subsection (e)) 
        may not exceed $125,000 for any crop year.
            (3) Direct attribution.--Subsections (e) and (f) of section 
        1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) or any 
        successor provisions relating to direct attribution shall apply 
        with respect to assistance provided under this section.

                       Subtitle F--Administration

SEC. 1601. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9091.>> ADMINISTRATION GENERALLY.

    (a) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Secretary shall use 
the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit 
Corporation to carry out this title.
    (b) Determinations by Secretary.--A determination made by the 
Secretary under this title shall be final and conclusive.
    (c) Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        subsection, not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary and the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
        as appropriate, shall promulgate such regulations as are 
        necessary to implement this title and the amendments made by 
        this title.
            (2) Procedure.--The promulgation of the regulations and 
        administration of this title and the amendments made by this 
        title and sections 11003 and 11017 shall be made without regard 
        to--
                    (A) the notice and comment provisions of section 553 
                of title 5, United States Code;
                    (B) chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code 
                (commonly known as the ``Paperwork Reduction Act''); and
                    (C) the Statement of Policy of the Secretary of 
                Agriculture effective July 24, 1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 
                13804), relating to notices of proposed rulemaking and 
                public participation in rulemaking.
            (3) Congressional review of agency rulemaking.--In carrying 
        out this subsection, the Secretary shall use the authority 
        provided under section 808 of title 5, United States Code.

    (d) Adjustment Authority Related to Trade Agreements Compliance.--
            (1) Required determination; adjustment.--If the Secretary 
        determines that expenditures under this title that are subject 
        to the total allowable domestic support levels under the Uruguay 
        Round Agreements (as defined in section 2 of the Uruguay Round 
        Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3501)) will exceed such allowable 
        levels for any applicable reporting period, the Secretary shall, 
        to the maximum extent practicable, make adjustments in the 
        amount of such expenditures during that period to ensure that 
        such expenditures do not exceed the allowable levels.
            (2) Congressional notification.--Before making any 
        adjustment under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
        Senate a report describing the determination made under that 
        paragraph and the extent of the adjustment to be made.

[[Page 128 STAT. 705]]

SEC. 1602. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9092.>> SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE 
                          SUPPORT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.--The following provisions 
of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 shall not be applicable to 
the 2014 through 2018 crops of covered commodities (as defined in 
section 1111), cotton, and sugar and shall not be applicable to milk 
during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act through 
December 31, 2018:
            (1) Parts II through V of subtitle B of title III (7 U.S.C. 
        1326 et seq.).
            (2) In the case of upland cotton, section 377 (7 U.S.C. 
        1377).
            (3) Subtitle D of title III (7 U.S.C. 1379a et seq.).
            (4) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.).

    (b) Agricultural Act of 1949.--The following provisions of the 
Agricultural Act of 1949 shall not be applicable to the 2014 through 
2018 crops of covered commodities (as defined in section 1111), cotton, 
and sugar and shall not be applicable to milk during the period 
beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and through December 31, 
2018:
            (1) Section 101 (7 U.S.C. 1441).
            (2) Section 103(a) (7 U.S.C. 1444(a)).
            (3) Section 105 (7 U.S.C. 1444b).
            (4) Section 107 (7 U.S.C. 1445a).
            (5) Section 110 (7 U.S.C. 1445e).
            (6) Section 112 (7 U.S.C. 1445g).
            (7) Section 115 (7 U.S.C. 1445k).
            (8) Section 201 (7 U.S.C. 1446).
            (9) Title III (7 U.S.C. 1447 et seq.).
            (10) Title IV (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), other than sections 
        404, 412, and 416 (7 U.S.C. 1424, 1429, and 1431).
            (11) Title V (7 U.S.C. 1461 et seq.).
            (12) Title VI (7 U.S.C. 1471 et seq.).

    (c) Suspension of Certain Quota Provisions.--The joint resolution 
entitled ``A joint resolution relating to corn and wheat marketing 
quotas under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended'', 
approved May 26, 1941 (7 U.S.C. 1330 and 1340), shall not be applicable 
to the crops of wheat planted for harvest in the calendar years 2014 
through 2018.
SEC. 1603. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308) is amended by striking subsections (b) and (c) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(b) Limitation on Payments for Covered Commodities (other Than 
Peanuts).--The total amount of payments received, directly or 
indirectly, by a person or legal entity (except a joint venture or 
general partnership) for any crop year under sections 1116 and 1117 and 
as marketing loan gains or loan deficiency payments under subtitle B of 
title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (other than for peanuts) may not 
exceed $125,000.
    ``(c) Limitation on Payments for Peanuts.--The total amount of 
payments received, directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity 
(except a joint venture or general partnership) for any crop year under 
sections 1116 and 1117 and as marketing loan gains or loan deficiency 
payments under subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 for 
peanuts may not exceed $125,000.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 706]]

            (1) Limitation on applicability.--Section 1001(d) of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(d)) is amended by 
        striking ``the marketing assistance loan program or the loan 
        deficiency payment program under title I of the Food, 
        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' and inserting ``the 
        forfeiture of a commodity pledged as collateral for a loan made 
        available under subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014''.
            (2) Treatment of federal agencies and state and local 
        governments.--Section 1001(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (7 U.S.C. 1308(f)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)(A), by striking ``or title 
                XII'' and inserting ``, title I of the Agricultural Act 
                of 2014, or title XII''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking ``or title 
                XII'' and inserting ``, title I of the Agricultural Act 
                of 2014, or title XII''.
            (3) Foreign persons ineligible.--Section 1001C(a) of the 
        Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3(a)) is amended by 
        inserting ``title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014,'' after 
        ``2008,''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 7 USC 1308 note.>> Application.--The amendments made by 
this section shall apply beginning with the 2014 crop year.
SEC. 1604. <<NOTE: 7 USC 1308-1 note.>> RULEMAKING RELATED TO 
                          SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION FOR ACTIVE 
                          PERSONAL MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Regulations Required.--Within 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate, with an 
opportunity for notice and comment, regulations--
            (1) to define the term ``significant contribution of active 
        personal management'' for purposes of section 1001A of the Food 
        Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-1); and
            (2) if the Secretary determines it is appropriate, to 
        establish limits for varying types of farming operations on the 
        number of individuals who may be considered to be actively 
        engaged in farming with respect to the farming operation when a 
        significant contribution of active personal management is the 
        basis used to meet the requirement of being actively engaged in 
        farming under section 1001A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
        U.S.C. 1308-1) by an individual or entity.

    (b) Considerations.--In promulgating the regulations required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) the size, nature, and management requirements of each 
        type of farming operation;
            (2) the changing nature of active personal management due to 
        advancements of farming operations; and
            (3) the degree to which the regulations promulgated pursuant 
        to subsection (a) will adversely impact the long-term viability 
        of the farming operation.

    (c) Family Farms.--The Secretary shall not apply the regulations 
promulgated pursuant to subsection (a) to individuals or entities 
comprised solely of family members (as that term is defined in section 
1001(a)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308(a)(2))).
    (d) Monitoring.--The regulations promulgated pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall include a plan for monitoring the status of compliance reviews 
for whether a person or entity is in compliance with the regulations.

[[Page 128 STAT. 707]]

    (e) Paperwork Reduction.--In order to conserve Federal resources and 
prevent unnecessary paperwork burdens, the Secretary shall ensure that 
any additional paperwork required as a result of the regulations 
promulgated pursuant to subsection (a) be limited to those persons who 
are subject to such regulations.
    (f) Relation to Other Requirements.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize the Secretary to alter, directly or indirectly, 
existing regulations for other requirements in section 1001A of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-1).
    (g) Effective Date.--The requirements of any regulation promulgated 
pursuant to this section shall apply beginning with the 2015 crop year.
SEC. 1605. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATION.

    (a) Limitations and Covered Benefits.--Section 1001D(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Limitations'' 
        and inserting ``Limitations on Commodity and Conservation 
        Programs'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, a person or legal entity shall not be eligible to receive 
        any benefit described in paragraph (2) during a crop, fiscal, or 
        program year, as appropriate, if the average adjusted gross 
        income of the person or legal entity exceeds $900,000.
            ``(2) Covered benefits.--Paragraph (1) applies with respect 
        to the following:
                    ``(A) A payment or benefit under subtitle A or E of 
                title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
                    ``(B) A marketing loan gain or loan deficiency 
                payment under subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural 
                Act of 2014.
                    ``(C) Starting with fiscal year 2015, a payment or 
                benefit under title II of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
                title II of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
                of 2002, title II of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
                Act of 2008, or title XII of the Food Security Act of 
                1985.
                    ``(D) A payment or benefit under section 524(b) of 
                the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524(b)).
                    ``(E) A payment or benefit under section 196 of the 
                Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
                (7 U.S.C. 7333).''.

    (b) Updating Definitions.--Paragraph (1) of section 1001D(a) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(a)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(1) Average adjusted gross income.--In this section, the 
        term `average adjusted gross income', with respect to a person 
        or legal entity, means the average of the adjusted gross income 
        or comparable measure of the person or legal entity over the 3 
        taxable years preceding the most immediately preceding complete 
        taxable year, as determined by the Secretary.''.

    (c) Income Determination.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
        subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.

[[Page 128 STAT. 708]]

    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, the average adjusted gross farm 
                income, and the average adjusted gross nonfarm income'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``, average adjusted 
        gross farm income, and average adjusted gross nonfarm income'' 
        both places it appears;
            (3) in subsection (c) (as redesignated by subsection (c)(2) 
        of this section)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, average 
                adjusted gross farm income, and average adjusted gross 
                nonfarm income'' both places it appears; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``paragraphs 
                (1)(C) and (2)(B) of subsection (b)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
            (4) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by subsection (c)(2) 
        of this section)--
                    (A) by striking ``paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of 
                subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``, average adjusted gross farm 
                income, or average adjusted gross nonfarm income''.

    (e) Effective Period.--Subsection (e) of section 1001D of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as redesignated by subsection 
(c)(2) of this section, is repealed.
    (f) Limitation on Applicability.--Section 1001(d) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) is amended by inserting before the 
period at the end the following: ``or title I of the Agricultural Act of 
2014''.
    (g) <<NOTE: 7 USC 1308-3a note.>> Transition.--Section 1001D of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day 
before the date of the enactment of this Act, shall apply with respect 
to the 2013 crop, fiscal, or program year, as appropriate, for each 
program described in paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(B) of subsection (b) of 
that section (as so in effect on that day).
SEC. 1606. GEOGRAPHICALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    Section 1621(d) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8792(d)) is amended by striking ``each of fiscal years 2009 
through 2012'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2009 and each succeeding 
fiscal year''.
SEC. 1607. PERSONAL LIABILITY OF PRODUCERS FOR DEFICIENCIES.

    Section 164 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 
1996 (7 U.S.C. 7284) is amended by striking ``and title I of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8702 et seq.), and title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014''.
SEC. 1608. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9093.>> PREVENTION OF DECEASED 
                          INDIVIDUALS RECEIVING PAYMENTS UNDER 
                          FARM COMMODITY PROGRAMS.

    (a) Reconciliation.--At least twice each year, the Secretary shall 
reconcile Social Security numbers of all individuals who receive 
payments under this title, whether directly or indirectly,

[[Page 128 STAT. 709]]

with the Commissioner of Social Security to determine if the individuals 
are alive.
    (b) Preclusion.--The Secretary shall preclude the issuance of 
payments to, and on behalf of, deceased individuals that were not 
eligible for payments.
SEC. 1609. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Missing Punctuation.--Section 359f(c)(1)(B) of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ff(c)(1)(B)) is amended by adding a 
period at the end.
    (b) Erroneous Cross Reference.--
            (1) Amendment.--Section 1603(g) of the Food, Conservation, 
        and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 
        1739) <<NOTE: 7 USC 1471g, 1524, 8204; 16 USC 2106a; 19 USC 
        2401.>> is amended in paragraphs (2) through (6) and the 
        amendments made by those paragraphs by striking ``1703(a)'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``1603(a)''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 7 USC 1471g note.>> Effective date.--This 
        subsection and the amendments made by this subsection take 
        effect as if included in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
        of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1651).

    (c) Continued Applicability of Appropriations General Provision.--
Section 767 of division A of Public Law 108-7 (7 U.S.C. 7911 note; 117 
Stat. 48) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a)'';
            (2) by striking ``sections 1101 and 1102 of Public Law 107-
        171'' and inserting ``subtitle A of title I of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014''; and
            (3) by striking ``such section 1102'' and inserting ``such 
        subtitle''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (b).
SEC. 1610. APPEALS.

    (a) Direction, Control, and Support.--Section 272 of the Department 
of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6992) is amended by 
striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Direction, Control, and Support.--
            ``(1) Direction and control.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
                (2), the Director shall be free from the direction and 
                control of any person other than the Secretary or the 
                Deputy Secretary of Agriculture.
                    ``(B) Administrative support.--The Division shall 
                not receive administrative support (except on a 
                reimbursable basis) from any agency other than the 
                Office of the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Prohibition on delegation.--The Secretary may 
                not delegate to any other officer or employee of the 
                Department, other than the Deputy Secretary of 
                Agriculture or the Director, the authority of the 
                Secretary with respect to the Division.
            ``(2) Exception.--The Assistant Secretary for Administration 
        is authorized to investigate, enforce, and implement the 
        provisions in law, Executive order, or regulations that relate 
        in general to competitive and excepted service positions and 
        employment within the Division, including the position of 
        Director, and such authority may be further delegated to 
        subordinate officials.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 710]]

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 296(b) of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 7014(b)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
        ``affect--'' and inserting ``affect:'';
            (2) by striking ``the authority'' each place it appears in 
        paragraphs (1) through (7) and inserting ``The authority'';
            (3) by striking the semicolon at the end of each of 
        paragraphs (1) through (5) and inserting a period;
            (4) in paragraph (6)(C), by striking ``; or'' at the end and 
        inserting a period; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) The authority of the Secretary to carry out amendments 
        made to this title by the Agricultural Act of 2014.''.
SEC. 1611. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9094.>> ASSIGNMENT OF PAYMENTS.

    (a) In General.--The provisions of section 8(g) of the Soil 
Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(g)), relating to 
assignment of payments, shall apply to payments made under this title.
    (b) Notice.--The producer making the assignment, or the assignee, 
shall provide the Secretary with notice, in such manner as the Secretary 
may require, of any assignment made under this section.
SEC. 1612. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9095.>> TRACKING OF BENEFITS.

    As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary may track the benefits provided, directly or indirectly, to 
individuals and entities under titles I and II and the amendments made 
by those titles.
SEC. 1613. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9096.>> SIGNATURE AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--In carrying out this title and title II and 
amendments made by those titles, if the Secretary approves a document, 
the Secretary shall not subsequently determine the document is 
inadequate or invalid because of the lack of authority of any person 
signing the document on behalf of the applicant or any other individual, 
entity, general partnership, or joint venture, or the documents relied 
upon were determined inadequate or invalid, unless the person signing 
the program document knowingly and willfully falsified the evidence of 
signature authority or a signature.
    (b) Affirmation.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section prohibits the 
        Secretary from asking a proper party to affirm any document that 
        otherwise would be considered approved under subsection (a).
            (2) No retroactive effect.--A denial of benefits based on a 
        lack of affirmation under paragraph (1) shall not be retroactive 
        with respect to third-party producers who were not the subject 
        of the erroneous representation of authority, if the third-party 
        producers--
                    (A) relied on the prior approval by the Secretary of 
                the documents in good faith; and
                    (B) substantively complied with all program 
                requirements.

[[Page 128 STAT. 711]]

SEC. 1614. <<NOTE: 7 USC 9097.>> IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--The Secretary 
shall maintain, for each covered commodity and upland cotton, base acres 
and payment yields on a farm established under sections 1001 and 1301 of 
the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702, 8751), as 
adjusted pursuant to sections 1101, 1102, 1108, and 1302 of such Act (7 
U.S.C. 8711, 8712, 8718, 8752), as in effect on September 30, 2013.
    (b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title, the Secretary shall--
            (1) reduce administrative burdens and costs to producers by 
        streamlining and reducing paperwork, forms, and other 
        administrative requirements, including through the 
        implementation of the Acreage Crop Reporting and Streamlining 
        Initiative that, in part, shall ensure that--
                    (A) a producer (or an agent of a producer) may 
                report information, electronically (including geospatial 
                data) or conventionally, to the Department; and
                    (B) upon the request of the producer (or agent 
                thereof) the Department of Agriculture electronically 
                shares with the producer (or agent) in real time and 
                without cost to the producer (or agent) the common land 
                unit data, related farm level data, and other 
                information of the producer;
            (2) improve coordination, information sharing, and 
        administrative work with the Farm Service Agency, Risk 
        Management Agency, and the Natural Resources Conservation 
        Service; and
            (3) take advantage of new technologies to enhance efficiency 
        and effectiveness of program delivery to producers.

    (c) Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
        Farm Service Agency to carry out this title $100,000,000.
            (2) Additional funds.--
                    (A) Initial determination.--If, by September 30, 
                2014, the Secretary notifies the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                Senate that the Farm Service Agency has made substantial 
                progress toward implementing the requirements of 
                subsection (b)(1), the Secretary shall make available to 
                the Farm Service Agency to carry out this title 
                $10,000,000 on October 1, 2014. The amount made 
                available under this subparagraph is in addition to the 
                amount made available under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Subsequent determination.--If, by September 30, 
                2015, the Secretary notifies the Committee on 
                Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                Senate that the requirements of subsection (b)(1) have 
                been fully implemented and those Committees provide 
                written concurrence to the Secretary, the Secretary 
                shall make available to the Farm Service Agency to carry 
                out this title $10,000,000 on the date the written 
                concurrence is provided or October 1, 2015, whichever is 
                later. The amount made available under this subparagraph 
                is in addition to the amount made available under 
                paragraph (1) and any amount made available under 
                subparagraph (A).
            (3) Producer education.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 712]]

                    (A) In general.--Of the funds made available under 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide $3,000,000 to 
                State extension services for the purpose of educating 
                farmers and ranchers on the options made available under 
                subtitles A, D, and E of this title and under section 
                196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
                Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333).
                    (B) Web-based decision aids.--
                          (i) Use of qualified universities.--Of the 
                      funds made available under paragraph (1), the 
                      Secretary shall use $3,000,000 to support 
                      qualified universities (or university-based 
                      organizations) that represent a diversity of 
                      regions and commodities (including dairy), possess 
                      expertise regarding the programs authorized by 
                      this Act, have a history in the development of 
                      decision aids and producer outreach initiatives 
                      regarding farm risk management programs, and are 
                      able to meet the deadline established pursuant to 
                      clause (ii) to develop web-based decision aids to 
                      assist producers in understanding available 
                      options described in subparagraph (A) and to train 
                      producers to use these decision aids.
                          (ii) Deadlines.--To the maximum extent 
                      practicable, the Secretary shall--
                                    (I) obligate the funds made 
                                available under clause (i) within 30 
                                days after the date of the enactment of 
                                this Act; and
                                    (II) require the products described 
                                in clause (i) to be made available to 
                                producers on the internet within a 
                                reasonable period of time, as determined 
                                by the Secretary, after the 
                                implementation of the first rule 
                                implementing programs required under 
                                subtitle A of this title.

    (d) Loan Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--In any crop year in which an order is 
        issued pursuant 2 U.S.C. 901(a), the Secretary shall use such 
        sums as necessary of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation for such crop year to fully restore the support, 
        loan, or assistance that is otherwise required under subtitles B 
        or C of this title or under the amendments made by subtitles B 
        or C, except with respect to the assistance provided under 
        sections 1207(c) and 1208.
            (2) Repayment.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall ensure that when a producer repays a loan at a 
        rate equal to the loan rate plus interest in accordance with the 
        repayment provisions of subtitles B or C that the repayment 
        amount shall include the portion of the loan amount provided 
        under paragraph (1), except that this paragraph shall not affect 
        or reduce marketing loan gains, loan deficiency payments, or 
        forfeiture benefits provided for under subtitles B or C and as 
        supplemented in accordance with paragraph (1).
SEC. 1615. RESEARCH OPTION.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 4(m) of the Commodity 
Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b(m)), funds of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation disbursed pursuant to the memorandum of 
understanding between the Government of the

[[Page 128 STAT. 713]]

United States of America and the Government of the Federative Republic 
of Brazil regarding a fund for technical assistance and capacity 
building with respect to dispute WT/DS 267 in the World Trade 
Organization may, upon resolution of the dispute, be used for research 
consistent with the conditions imposed by subsection (b).
    (b) Conditions.--Research authorized by subsection (a) must be 
conducted in collaboration with research agencies of the United States 
Department of Agriculture or with a college, university, or research 
foundation located in the United States. Such research and collaboration 
shall be subject to the agreement of the parties to the resolved dispute 
described in subsection (a).

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2001. EXTENSION AND ENROLLMENT REQUIREMENTS OF CONSERVATION 
                          RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1231(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3831(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``the date of enactment 
        of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' and 
        inserting ``the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraph 
        (3) as paragraph (2);
            (3) by inserting before paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) grasslands that--
                    ``(A) contain forbs or shrubland (including improved 
                rangeland and pastureland) for which grazing is the 
                predominant use;
                    ``(B) are located in an area historically dominated 
                by grasslands; and
                    ``(C) could provide habitat for animal and plant 
                populations of significant ecological value if the land 
                is retained in its current use or restored to a natural 
                condition;'';
            (4) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking ``filterstrips devoted 
        to trees or shrubs'' and inserting ``filterstrips or riparian 
        buffers devoted to trees, shrubs, or grasses''; and
            (5) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) the portion of land in a field not enrolled in the 
        conservation reserve in a case in which--
                    ``(A) more than 50 percent of the land in the field 
                is enrolled as a buffer or filterstrip, or more than 75 
                percent of the land in the field is enrolled as a 
                conservation practice other than as a buffer or 
                filterstrip; and
                    ``(B) the remainder of the field is--
                          ``(i) infeasible to farm; and
                          ``(ii) enrolled at regular rental rates.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 714]]

    (c) Planting Status of Certain Land.--Section 1231(c) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(c)) is amended by striking ``if'' 
and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting ``if, 
during the crop year, the land was devoted to a conserving use.''.
    (d) Enrollment.--Subsection (d) of section 1231 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Enrollment.--
            ``(1) Maximum acreage enrolled.--The Secretary may maintain 
        in the conservation reserve at any one time during--
                    ``(A) fiscal year 2014, no more than 27,500,000 
                acres;
                    ``(B) fiscal year 2015, no more than 26,000,000 
                acres;
                    ``(C) fiscal year 2016, no more than 25,000,000 
                acres;
                    ``(D) fiscal year 2017, no more than 24,000,000 
                acres; and
                    ``(E) fiscal year 2018, no more than 24,000,000 
                acres.
            ``(2) Grasslands.--
                    ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the 
                limitations in paragraph (1), no more than 2,000,000 
                acres of the land described in subsection (b)(3) may be 
                enrolled in the program at any one time during the 2014 
                through 2018 fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In enrolling acres under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may give priority to 
                land with expiring conservation reserve program 
                contracts.
                    ``(C) Method of enrollment.--In enrolling acres 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall make the 
                program available to owners or operators of eligible 
                land on a continuous enrollment basis with one or more 
                ranking periods.''.

    (e) Duration of Contract.--Section 1231(e) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(e)) is amended by striking paragraphs (2) and 
(3) and inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Special rule for certain land.--In the case of land 
        devoted to hardwood trees, shelterbelts, windbreaks, or wildlife 
        corridors under a contract entered into under this subchapter, 
        the owner or operator of the land may, within the limitations 
        prescribed under paragraph (1), specify the duration of the 
        contract.''.

    (f) Conservation Priority Areas.--Section 1231(f) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``watershed areas of the 
        Chesapeake Bay Region, the Great Lakes Region, the Long Island 
        Sound Region, and other'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Watersheds.--
        Watersheds'' and inserting ``Areas.--Areas''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``a watershed's 
        designation--'' and all that follows through the period at the 
        end and inserting ``an area's designation if the Secretary finds 
        that the area no longer contains actual and significant adverse 
        water quality or habitat impacts related to agricultural 
        production activities.''.
SEC. 2002. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1231B(a)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3831b(a)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 715]]

            (2) by striking ``a program'' and inserting ``a farmable 
        wetland program''.

    (b) Eligible Acreage.--Section 1231B(b)(1)(B) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(1)(B)) is amended by striking ``flow 
from a row crop agriculture drainage system'' and inserting ``surface 
and subsurface flow from row crop agricultural production''.
    (c) Acreage Limitation.--Section 1231B(c)(1)(B) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(c)(1)(B)) is amended by striking 
``1,000,000'' and inserting ``750,000''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--Section 1231B of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b) is amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting the following: 
        ``farmable wetland program''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``section 
        1234(c)(2)(B)'' and inserting ``section 1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)''.
SEC. 2003. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.

    (a) Limitation on Harvesting, Grazing, or Commercial Use of 
Forage.--Section 1232(a)(8) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3832(a)(8)) is amended by striking ``except that'' and all that follows 
through the semicolon at the end of the paragraph and inserting ``except 
as provided in subsection (b) or (c) of section 1233;''.
    (b) Conservation Plan Requirements.--Subsection (b) of section 1232 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Conservation Plans.--The plan referred to in subsection (a)(1) 
shall set forth--
            ``(1) the conservation measures and practices to be carried 
        out by the owner or operator during the term of the contract; 
        and
            ``(2) the commercial use, if any, to be permitted on the 
        land during the term.''.

    (c) Rental Payment Reduction.--Section 1232 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3832) is amended by striking subsection (d).
SEC. 2004. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is 
amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1233. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    ``(a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--In return for a contract 
entered into by an owner or operator under the conservation reserve 
program, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) share the cost of carrying out the conservation 
        measures and practices set forth in the contract for which the 
        Secretary determines that cost sharing is appropriate and in the 
        public interest; and
            ``(2) for a period of years not in excess of the term of the 
        contract, pay an annual rental payment in an amount necessary to 
        compensate for--
                    ``(A) the conversion of highly erodible cropland or 
                other eligible lands normally devoted to the production 
                of an agricultural commodity on a farm or ranch to a 
                less intensive use;

[[Page 128 STAT. 716]]

                    ``(B) the retirement of any base history that the 
                owner or operator agrees to retire permanently; and
                    ``(C) the development and management of grasslands 
                for multiple natural resource conservation benefits, 
                including to soil, water, air, and wildlife.

    ``(b) Specified Activities Permitted.--The Secretary shall permit 
certain activities or commercial uses of land that is subject to a 
contract under the conservation reserve program if those activities or 
uses are consistent with a plan approved by the Secretary and include--
            ``(1) harvesting, grazing, or other commercial use of the 
        forage in response to a drought, flooding, or other emergency, 
        without any reduction in the rental rate;
            ``(2) consistent with the conservation of soil, water 
        quality, and wildlife habitat (including habitat during primary 
        nesting seasons for birds in the area), and in exchange for a 
        reduction of not less than 25 percent in the annual rental rate 
        for the acres covered by the authorized activity, managed 
        harvesting and other commercial use (including the managed 
        harvesting of biomass), except that in permitting those 
        activities, the Secretary, in coordination with the State 
        technical committee--
                    ``(A) shall develop appropriate vegetation 
                management requirements; and
                    ``(B) shall identify periods during which the 
                activities may be conducted, such that the frequency is 
                at least every 5 but not more than once every 3 years;
            ``(3) subject to appropriate restrictions during the nesting 
        season for birds in the local area that are economically 
        significant, in significant decline, or conserved in accordance 
        with Federal or State law, as determined by the Secretary in 
        consultation with the State technical committee, and in exchange 
        for a reduction of not less than 25 percent in the annual rental 
        rate for the acres covered by the authorized activity--
                    ``(A) prescribed grazing for the control of invasive 
                species, which may be conducted annually;
                    ``(B) routine grazing, except that in permitting 
                such routine grazing, the Secretary, in coordination 
                with the State technical committee--
                          ``(i) shall develop appropriate vegetation 
                      management requirements and stocking rates for the 
                      land that are suitable for continued routine 
                      grazing; and
                          ``(ii) shall identify the periods during which 
                      routine grazing may be conducted, such that the 
                      frequency is not more than once every 2 years, 
                      taking into consideration regional differences 
                      such as--
                                    ``(I) climate, soil type, and 
                                natural resources;
                                    ``(II) the number of years that 
                                should be required between routine 
                                grazing activities; and
                                    ``(III) how often during a year in 
                                which routine grazing is permitted that 
                                routine grazing should be allowed to 
                                occur; and
                    ``(C) the installation of wind turbines and 
                associated access, except that in permitting the 
                installation of wind turbines, the Secretary shall 
                determine the number and location of wind turbines that 
                may be installed, taking into account--

[[Page 128 STAT. 717]]

                          ``(i) the location, size, and other physical 
                      characteristics of the land;
                          ``(ii) the extent to which the land contains 
                      threatened or endangered wildlife and wildlife 
                      habitat; and
                          ``(iii) the purposes of the conservation 
                      reserve program under this subchapter;
            ``(4) the intermittent and seasonal use of vegetative buffer 
        practices incidental to agricultural production on lands 
        adjacent to the buffer such that the permitted use does not 
        destroy the permanent vegetative cover; and
            ``(5) grazing by livestock of a beginning farmer or rancher 
        without any reduction in the rental rate, if the grazing is--
                    ``(A) consistent with the conservation of soil, 
                water quality, and wildlife habitat;
                    ``(B) subject to appropriate restrictions during the 
                nesting season for birds in the local area that are 
                economically significant, in significant decline, or 
                conserved in accordance with Federal or State law, as 
                determined by the Secretary in consultation with the 
                State technical committee; and
                    ``(C) described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
                paragraph (3).

    ``(c) Authorized Activities on Grasslands.--For eligible land 
described in section 1231(b)(3), the Secretary shall permit the 
following activities:
            ``(1) Common grazing practices, including maintenance and 
        necessary cultural practices, on the land in a manner that is 
        consistent with maintaining the viability of grassland, forb, 
        and shrub species appropriate to that locality.
            ``(2) Haying, mowing, or harvesting for seed production, 
        subject to appropriate restrictions during the nesting season 
        for birds in the local area that are economically significant, 
        in significant decline, or conserved in accordance with Federal 
        or State law, as determined by the Secretary in consultation 
        with the State technical committee.
            ``(3) Fire presuppression, fire-related rehabilitation, and 
        construction of fire breaks.
            ``(4) Grazing-related activities, such as fencing and 
        livestock watering.

    ``(d) Resource Conserving Use.--
            ``(1) In general.--Beginning on the date that is 1 year 
        before the date of termination of a contract under the program, 
        the Secretary shall allow an owner or operator to make 
        conservation and land improvements for economic use that 
        facilitate maintaining protection of enrolled land after 
        expiration of the contract.
            ``(2) Conservation plan.--The Secretary shall require an 
        owner or operator carrying out the activities described in 
        paragraph (1) to develop and implement a conservation plan.
            ``(3) Re-enrollment prohibited.--Land improved under 
        paragraph (1) may not be re-enrolled in the conservation reserve 
        program for 5 years after the date of termination of the 
        contract.
            ``(4) Payment reduction.--In the case of an activity carried 
        out under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall reduce the payment 
        otherwise payable under the contract by an amount commensurate 
        with the economic value of the activity.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 718]]

SEC. 2005. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3834.>> PAYMENTS.

    (a) Trees, Windbreaks, Shelterbelts, and Wildlife Corridors.--
Section 1234(b)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3834(b)(3)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(A) Applicability.--This paragraph applies to land 
                devoted to the production of hardwood trees, windbreaks, 
                shelterbelts, or wildlife corridors under a contract 
                entered into under this subchapter after November 28, 
                1990.''.

    (b) Incentives for Thinning.--Section 1234 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Federal Percentage 
                of''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or 
                      thinning''; and
                          (ii) by amending clause (ii) to read as 
                      follows:
                          ``(ii) Duration.--The Secretary shall make 
                      payments as described in clause (i) for a period 
                      of not less than 2 years, but not more than 4 
                      years, beginning on the date of the planting of 
                      the trees or shrubs.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as 
        subsections (d) through (h), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

    ``(c) Incentive Payments.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make incentive payments 
        to an owner or operator of eligible land in an amount sufficient 
        to encourage proper thinning and other practices to improve the 
        condition of resources, promote forest management, or enhance 
        wildlife habitat on the land.
            ``(2) Limitation.--A payment described in paragraph (1) may 
        not exceed 150 percent of the total cost of thinning and other 
        practices conducted by the owner or operator.''.

    (c) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(d) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or other eligible 
        lands'' after ``highly erodible cropland'' both places it 
        appears;
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(2) Methods of determination.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amounts payable to owners or 
                operators in the form of rental payments under contracts 
                entered into under this subchapter may be determined 
                through--
                          ``(i) the submission of bids for such 
                      contracts by owners and operators in such manner 
                      as the Secretary may prescribe; or
                          ``(ii) such other means as the Secretary 
                      determines are appropriate.
                    ``(B) Grasslands.--In the case of eligible land 
                described in section 1231(b)(3), the Secretary shall 
                make annual payments in an amount that is not more than 
                75 percent of the grazing value of the land covered by 
                the contract.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (5)--

[[Page 128 STAT. 719]]

                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``conduct an 
                annual survey'' and inserting ``, not less frequently 
                than once every other year, conduct a survey'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``annual''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Use.--The Secretary may use the estimates 
                derived from the survey conducted under subparagraph (A) 
                relating to dryland cash rental rates as a factor in 
                determining rental rates under this section in a manner 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary.''.

    (d) Payment Schedule.--Subsection (e) of section 1234 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(e) Payment Schedule.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        section, payments under this subchapter shall be made in cash in 
        such amount and on such time schedule as is agreed on and 
        specified in the contract.
            ``(2) Advance payment.--Payments under this subchapter may 
        be made in advance of determination of performance.''.

    (e) Payment Limitation.--Section 1234(g) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, including rental 
        payments made in the form of in-kind commodities,'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (2).
SEC. 2006. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Early Termination by Owner or Operator.--Section 1235(e) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``During fiscal year 2015, the Secretary''; and
                    (B) by striking ``before January 1, 1995,'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C) and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(C) Land devoted to hardwood trees.
                    ``(D) Wildlife habitat, duck nesting habitat, 
                pollinator habitat, upland bird habitat buffer, wildlife 
                food plots, State acres for wildlife enhancement, 
                shallow water areas for wildlife, and rare and declining 
                habitat.
                    ``(E) Farmable wetland and restored wetland.
                    ``(F) Land that contains diversions, erosion control 
                structures, flood control structures, contour grass 
                strips, living snow fences, salinity reducing 
                vegetation, cross wind trap strips, and sediment 
                retention structures.
                    ``(G) Land located within a federally designated 
                wellhead protection area.
                    ``(H) Land that is covered by an easement under the 
                conservation reserve program.
                    ``(I) Land located within an average width, 
                according to the applicable Natural Resources 
                Conservation Service field office technical guide, of a 
                perennial stream or permanent water body.
                    ``(J) Land enrolled under the conservation reserve 
                enhancement program.''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 720]]

            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``60 days after the date 
        on which the owner or operator submits the notice required under 
        paragraph (1)(C)'' and inserting ``upon approval by the 
        Secretary''.

    (b) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--Section 
1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(f)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``Duties'' and all that follows through ``a 
                beginning farmer or rancher or'' and inserting 
                ``Transition to covered farmer or rancher.--In the case 
                of a contract modification approved in order to 
                facilitate the transfer of land subject to a contract 
                from a retired farmer or rancher to a beginning farmer 
                or rancher, a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in 
                section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
                and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))), or a'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)(i), by inserting ``, 
                including preparing to plant an agricultural crop'' 
                after ``improvements'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the farmer or 
                rancher'' and inserting ``the covered farmer or 
                rancher''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``section 
                1001A(b)(3)(B)'' and inserting ``section 1001''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``requirement of section 
        1231(h)(4)(B)'' and inserting ``option pursuant to section 
        1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)''.

    (c) Final Year Contract.--Section 1235 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(g) Final Year of Contract.--The Secretary shall not consider an 
owner or operator to be in violation of a term or condition of the 
conservation reserve contract if--
            ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the contract, 
        the land is enrolled in the conservation stewardship program; 
        and
            ``(2) the activity required under the conservation 
        stewardship program pursuant to such enrollment is consistent 
        with this subchapter.

    ``(h) Land Enrolled in Agricultural Conservation Easement Program.--
The Secretary may terminate or modify a contract entered into under this 
subchapter if eligible land that is subject to such contract is 
transferred into the agricultural conservation easement program under 
subtitle H.''.
SEC. 2007. CONVERSION OF LAND SUBJECT TO CONTRACT TO OTHER 
                          CONSERVING USES.

    Section 1235A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835a) is 
repealed.
SEC. 2008. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3831 note.>> EFFECT ON EXISTING 
                          CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments 
made by this subtitle shall not affect the validity or terms of any 
contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter B 
of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) before the

[[Page 128 STAT. 721]]

date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments 
required to be made in connection with the contract.
    (b) Updating of Existing Contracts.--The Secretary shall permit an 
owner or operator of land subject to a contract entered into under 
subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) before the date of 
enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, to update the contract to 
reflect the activities and uses of land under contract permitted under 
the terms and conditions of section 1233(b) of that Act (as amended by 
section 2004), as determined appropriate by the Secretary.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

SEC. 2101. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Revision of Current Program.--Subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3838d et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

            ``Subchapter B--Conservation Stewardship Program

``SEC. 1238D. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3838d.>> DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subchapter:
            ``(1) Agricultural operation.--The term `agricultural 
        operation' means all eligible land, whether or not contiguous, 
        that is--
                    ``(A) under the effective control of a producer at 
                the time the producer enters into a contract under the 
                program; and
                    ``(B) operated with equipment, labor, management, 
                and production or cultivation practices that are 
                substantially separate from other agricultural 
                operations, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Conservation activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `conservation 
                activities' means conservation systems, practices, or 
                management measures.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `conservation 
                activities' includes--
                          ``(i) structural measures, vegetative 
                      measures, and land management measures, including 
                      agriculture drainage management systems, as 
                      determined by the Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) planning needed to address a priority 
                      resource concern.
            ``(3) Conservation stewardship plan.--The term `conservation 
        stewardship plan' means a plan that--
                    ``(A) identifies and inventories priority resource 
                concerns;
                    ``(B) establishes benchmark data and conservation 
                objectives;
                    ``(C) describes conservation activities to be 
                implemented, managed, or improved; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 722]]

                    ``(D) includes a schedule and evaluation plan for 
                the planning, installation, and management of the new 
                and existing conservation activities.
            ``(4) Eligible land.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' means--
                          ``(i) private or tribal land on which 
                      agricultural commodities, livestock, or forest-
                      related products are produced; and
                          ``(ii) lands associated with the land 
                      described in clause (i) on which priority resource 
                      concerns could be addressed through a contract 
                      under the program.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible land' 
                includes--
                          ``(i) cropland;
                          ``(ii) grassland;
                          ``(iii) rangeland;
                          ``(iv) pasture land;
                          ``(v) nonindustrial private forest land; and
                          ``(vi) other land in agricultural areas 
                      (including cropped woodland, marshes, and 
                      agricultural land used or capable of being used 
                      for the production of livestock), as determined by 
                      the Secretary.
            ``(5) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority 
        resource concern' means a natural resource concern or problem, 
        as determined by the Secretary, that--
                    ``(A) is identified at the national, State, or local 
                level as a priority for a particular area of a State;
                    ``(B) represents a significant concern in a State or 
                region; and
                    ``(C) is likely to be addressed successfully through 
                the implementation of conservation activities under this 
                program.
            ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the conservation 
        stewardship program established by this subchapter.
            ``(7) Stewardship threshold.--The term `stewardship 
        threshold' means the level of management required, as determined 
        by the Secretary, to conserve and improve the quality and 
        condition of a natural resource.
``SEC. 1238E. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3838e.>> CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP 
                            PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Establishment and Purpose.--During each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2018, the Secretary shall carry out a conservation stewardship 
program to encourage producers to address priority resource concerns and 
improve and conserve the quality and condition of natural resources in a 
comprehensive manner--
            ``(1) by undertaking additional conservation activities; and
            ``(2) by improving, maintaining, and managing existing 
        conservation activities.

    ``(b) Exclusions.--
            ``(1) Land enrolled in other conservation programs.--Subject 
        to paragraph (2), the following land (even if covered by the 
        definition of eligible land) is not eligible for enrollment in 
        the program:
                    ``(A) Land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
                program, unless--
                          ``(i) the conservation reserve contract will 
                      expire at the end of the fiscal year in which the 
                      land is to be enrolled in the program; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 723]]

                          ``(ii) conservation reserve program payments 
                      for land enrolled in the program cease before the 
                      first program payment is made to the applicant 
                      under this subchapter.
                    ``(B) Land enrolled in a wetland reserve easement 
                through the agricultural conservation easement program.
                    ``(C) Land enrolled in the conservation security 
                program.
            ``(2) Conversion to cropland.--Eligible land used for crop 
        production after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014, that had not been planted, considered to be planted, or 
        devoted to crop production for at least 4 of the 6 years 
        preceding that date shall not be the basis for any payment under 
        the program, unless the land does not meet such requirement 
        because--
                    ``(A) the land had previously been enrolled in the 
                conservation reserve program;
                    ``(B) the land has been maintained using long-term 
                crop rotation practices, as determined by the Secretary; 
                or
                    ``(C) the land is incidental land needed for 
                efficient operation of the farm or ranch, as determined 
                by the Secretary.
``SEC. 1238F. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3838f.>> STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS.

    ``(a) Submission of Contract Offers.--To be eligible to participate 
in the conservation stewardship program, a producer shall submit to the 
Secretary a contract offer for the agricultural operation that--
            ``(1) demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that 
        the producer, at the time of the contract offer, meets or 
        exceeds the stewardship threshold for at least 2 priority 
        resource concerns; and
            ``(2) would, at a minimum, meet or exceed the stewardship 
        threshold for at least 1 additional priority resource concern by 
        the end of the stewardship contract by--
                    ``(A) installing and adopting additional 
                conservation activities; and
                    ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing existing 
                conservation activities across the entire agricultural 
                operation in a manner that increases or extends the 
                conservation benefits in place at the time the contract 
                offer is accepted by the Secretary.

    ``(b) Evaluation of Contract Offers.--
            ``(1) Ranking of applications.--In evaluating contract 
        offers submitted under subsection (a), the Secretary shall rank 
        applications based on--
                    ``(A) the level of conservation treatment on all 
                applicable priority resource concerns at the time of 
                application;
                    ``(B) the degree to which the proposed conservation 
                activities effectively increase conservation 
                performance;
                    ``(C) the number of applicable priority resource 
                concerns proposed to be treated to meet or exceed the 
                stewardship threshold by the end of the contract;

[[Page 128 STAT. 724]]

                    ``(D) the extent to which other priority resource 
                concerns will be addressed to meet or exceed the 
                stewardship threshold by the end of the contract period;
                    ``(E) the extent to which the actual and anticipated 
                conservation benefits from the contract are provided at 
                the least cost relative to other similarly beneficial 
                contract offers; and
                    ``(F) the extent to which priority resource concerns 
                will be addressed when transitioning from the 
                conservation reserve program to agricultural production.
            ``(2) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not assign a higher 
        priority to any application because the applicant is willing to 
        accept a lower payment than the applicant would otherwise be 
        eligible to receive.
            ``(3) Additional criteria.--The Secretary may develop and 
        use such additional criteria that the Secretary determines are 
        necessary to ensure that national, State, and local priority 
        resource concerns are effectively addressed.

    ``(c) Entering Into Contracts.--After a determination that a 
producer is eligible for the program under subsection (a), and a 
determination that the contract offer ranks sufficiently high under the 
evaluation criteria under subsection (b), the Secretary shall enter into 
a conservation stewardship contract with the producer to enroll the 
eligible land to be covered by the contract.
    ``(d) Contract Provisions.--
            ``(1) Term.--A conservation stewardship contract shall be 
        for a term of 5 years.
            ``(2) Required provisions.--The conservation stewardship 
        contract of a producer shall--
                    ``(A) state the amount of the payment the Secretary 
                agrees to make to the producer for each year of the 
                conservation stewardship contract under section 
                1238G(d);
                    ``(B) require the producer--
                          ``(i) to implement a conservation stewardship 
                      plan that describes the program purposes to be 
                      achieved through 1 or more conservation 
                      activities;
                          ``(ii) to maintain and supply information as 
                      required by the Secretary to determine compliance 
                      with the conservation stewardship plan and any 
                      other requirements of the program; and
                          ``(iii) not to conduct any activities on the 
                      agricultural operation that would tend to defeat 
                      the purposes of the program;
                    ``(C) permit all economic uses of the eligible land 
                that--
                          ``(i) maintain the agricultural nature of the 
                      land; and
                          ``(ii) are consistent with the conservation 
                      purposes of the conservation stewardship contract;
                    ``(D) include a provision to ensure that a producer 
                shall not be considered in violation of the contract for 
                failure to comply with the contract due to circumstances 
                beyond the control of the producer, including a disaster 
                or related condition, as determined by the Secretary;
                    ``(E) include provisions requiring that upon the 
                violation of a term or condition of the contract at any 
                time the producer has control of the land--

[[Page 128 STAT. 725]]

                          ``(i) if the Secretary determines that the 
                      violation warrants termination of the contract--
                                    ``(I) the producer shall forfeit all 
                                rights to receive payments under the 
                                contract; and
                                    ``(II) the producer shall refund all 
                                or a portion of the payments received by 
                                the producer under the contract, 
                                including any interest on the payments, 
                                as determined by the Secretary; or
                          ``(ii) if the Secretary determines that the 
                      violation does not warrant termination of the 
                      contract, the producer shall refund or accept 
                      adjustments to the payments provided to the 
                      producer, as the Secretary determines to be 
                      appropriate;
                    ``(F) include provisions in accordance with 
                paragraphs (3) and (4); and
                    ``(G) include any additional provisions the 
                Secretary determines are necessary to carry out the 
                program.
            ``(3) Change of interest in land subject to a contract.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At the time of application, a 
                producer shall have control of the eligible land to be 
                enrolled in the program. Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), a change in the interest of a producer 
                in eligible land covered by a contract under the program 
                shall result in the termination of the contract with 
                regard to that land.
                    ``(B) Transfer of duties and rights.--Subparagraph 
                (A) shall not apply if--
                          ``(i) within a reasonable period of time (as 
                      determined by the Secretary) after the date of the 
                      change in the interest in eligible land covered by 
                      a contract under the program, the transferee of 
                      the land provides written notice to the Secretary 
                      that all duties and rights under the contract have 
                      been transferred to, and assumed by, the 
                      transferee for the portion of the land 
                      transferred;
                          ``(ii) the transferee meets the eligibility 
                      requirements of the program; and
                          ``(iii) the Secretary approves the transfer of 
                      all duties and rights under the contract.
            ``(4) Modification and termination of contracts.--
                    ``(A) Voluntary modification or termination.--The 
                Secretary may modify or terminate a contract with a 
                producer if--
                          ``(i) the producer agrees to the modification 
                      or termination; and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary determines that the 
                      modification or termination is in the public 
                      interest.
                    ``(B) Involuntary termination.--The Secretary may 
                terminate a contract if the Secretary determines that 
                the producer violated the contract.
            ``(5) Repayment.--If a contract is terminated, the Secretary 
        may, consistent with the purposes of the program--
                    ``(A) allow the producer to retain payments already 
                received under the contract; or
                    ``(B) require repayment, in whole or in part, of 
                payments received and assess liquidated damages.

[[Page 128 STAT. 726]]

    ``(e) Contract Renewal.--At the end of the initial 5-year contract 
period, the Secretary may allow the producer to renew the contract for 1 
additional 5-year period if the producer--
            ``(1) demonstrates compliance with the terms of the initial 
        contract;
            ``(2) agrees to adopt and continue to integrate conservation 
        activities across the entire agricultural operation, as 
        determined by the Secretary; and
            ``(3) agrees, by the end of the contract period--
                    ``(A) to meet the stewardship threshold of at least 
                2 additional priority resource concerns on the 
                agricultural operation; or
                    ``(B) to exceed the stewardship threshold of 2 
                existing priority resource concerns that are specified 
                by the Secretary in the initial contract.
``SEC. 1238G. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3838g.>> DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    ``(a) In General.--To achieve the conservation goals of a contract 
under the conservation stewardship program, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) make the program available to eligible producers on a 
        continuous enrollment basis with 1 or more ranking periods, 1 of 
        which shall occur in the first quarter of each fiscal year;
            ``(2) identify not less than 5 priority resource concerns in 
        a particular watershed or other appropriate region or area 
        within a State; and
            ``(3) establish a science-based stewardship threshold for 
        each priority resource concern identified under paragraph (2).

    ``(b) Allocation to States.--The Secretary shall allocate acres to 
States for enrollment, based--
            ``(1) primarily on each State's proportion of eligible land 
        to the total acreage of eligible land in all States; and
            ``(2) also on consideration of--
                    ``(A) the extent and magnitude of the conservation 
                needs associated with agricultural production in each 
                State;
                    ``(B) the degree to which implementation of the 
                program in the State is, or will be, effective in 
                helping producers address those needs; and
                    ``(C) other considerations to achieve equitable 
                geographic distribution of funds, as determined by the 
                Secretary.

    ``(c) Acreage Enrollment Limitation.--During the period beginning on 
the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, and ending on 
September 30, 2022, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable--
            ``(1) enroll in the program an additional 10,000,000 acres 
        for each fiscal year; and
            ``(2) manage the program to achieve a national average rate 
        of $18 per acre, which shall include the costs of all financial 
        assistance, technical assistance, and any other expenses 
        associated with enrollment or participation in the program.

    ``(d) Conservation Stewardship Payments.--
            ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary shall provide 
        annual payments under the program to compensate the producer 
        for--
                    ``(A) installing and adopting additional 
                conservation activities; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 727]]

                    ``(B) improving, maintaining, and managing 
                conservation activities in place at the agricultural 
                operation of the producer at the time the contract offer 
                is accepted by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Payment amount.--The amount of the annual payment 
        shall be determined by the Secretary and based, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, on the following factors:
                    ``(A) Costs incurred by the producer associated with 
                planning, design, materials, installation, labor, 
                management, maintenance, or training.
                    ``(B) Income forgone by the producer.
                    ``(C) Expected conservation benefits.
                    ``(D) The extent to which priority resource concerns 
                will be addressed through the installation and adoption 
                of conservation activities on the agricultural 
                operation.
                    ``(E) The level of stewardship in place at the time 
                of application and maintained over the term of the 
                contract.
                    ``(F) The degree to which the conservation 
                activities will be integrated across the entire 
                agricultural operation for all applicable priority 
                resource concerns over the term of the contract.
                    ``(G) Such other factors as are determined 
                appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Exclusions.--A payment to a producer under this 
        subsection shall not be provided for--
                    ``(A) the design, construction, or maintenance of 
                animal waste storage or treatment facilities or 
                associated waste transport or transfer devices for 
                animal feeding operations; or
                    ``(B) conservation activities for which there is no 
                cost incurred or income forgone to the producer.
            ``(4) Delivery of payments.--In making payments under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable--
                    ``(A) prorate conservation performance over the term 
                of the contract so as to accommodate, to the extent 
                practicable, producers earning equal annual payments in 
                each fiscal year; and
                    ``(B) make such payments as soon as practicable 
                after October 1 of each fiscal year for activities 
                carried out in the previous fiscal year.

    ``(e) Supplemental Payments for Resource-Conserving Crop 
Rotations.--
            ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary shall provide 
        additional payments to producers that, in participating in the 
        program, agree to adopt or improve resource-conserving crop 
        rotations to achieve beneficial crop rotations as appropriate 
        for the eligible land of the producers.
            ``(2) Beneficial crop rotations.--The Secretary shall 
        determine whether a resource-conserving crop rotation is a 
        beneficial crop rotation eligible for additional payments under 
        paragraph (1) based on whether the resource-conserving crop 
        rotation is designed to provide natural resource conservation 
        and production benefits.
            ``(3) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a payment 
        described in paragraph (1), a producer shall agree to adopt and 
        maintain beneficial resource-conserving crop rotations for the 
        term of the contract.

[[Page 128 STAT. 728]]

            ``(4) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--In this 
        subsection, the term `resource-conserving crop rotation' means a 
        crop rotation that--
                    ``(A) includes at least 1 resource-conserving crop 
                (as defined by the Secretary);
                    ``(B) reduces erosion;
                    ``(C) improves soil fertility and tilth;
                    ``(D) interrupts pest cycles; and
                    ``(E) in applicable areas, reduces depletion of soil 
                moisture or otherwise reduces the need for irrigation.

    ``(f) Payment Limitations.--A person or legal entity may not 
receive, directly or indirectly, payments under the program that, in the 
aggregate, exceed $200,000 under all contracts entered into during 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018, excluding funding arrangements with 
Indian tribes, regardless of the number of contracts entered into under 
the program by the person or legal entity.
    ``(g) Specialty Crop and Organic Producers.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that outreach and technical assistance are available, and program 
specifications are appropriate to enable specialty crop and organic 
producers to participate in the program.
    ``(h) Coordination With Organic Certification.--The Secretary shall 
establish a transparent means by which producers may initiate organic 
certification under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
6501 et seq.) while participating in a contract under the program.
    ``(i) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
that--
            ``(1) prescribe such other rules as the Secretary determines 
        to be necessary to ensure a fair and reasonable application of 
        the limitations established under subsection (f); and
            ``(2) otherwise enable the Secretary to carry out the 
        program.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 16 USC 3838d note.>> Effect on Existing Contracts.--
            (1) In general.--The amendment made by this section shall 
        not affect the validity or terms of any contract entered into by 
        the Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
        subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract.
            (2) Conservation stewardship program.--Funds made available 
        under section 1241(a)(4) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3841(a)(4)) (as amended by section 2601(a) of this title) 
        may be used to administer and make payments to program 
        participants that enrolled into contracts during any of fiscal 
        years 2009 through 2013.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

SEC. 2201. PURPOSES.

    Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;

[[Page 128 STAT. 729]]

                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C) and, in such subparagraph, by inserting 
                ``and'' after the semicolon; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) developing and improving wildlife habitat; 
                and'';
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        period; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (5).
SEC. 2202. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraphs 
        (3) through (6) as paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively; and
            (2) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
        ``established under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
        U.S.C. 6501 et seq.)'' after ``national organic program''.
SEC. 2203. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1240B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2014'' and inserting 
        ``2018'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Term.--A contract under the program shall have a term 
        that does not exceed 10 years.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                through (G) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) soil health;
                    ``(B) water quality and quantity improvement;
                    ``(C) nutrient management;
                    ``(D) pest management;
                    ``(E) air quality improvement;
                    ``(F) wildlife habitat development, including 
                pollinator habitat; or
                    ``(G) invasive species management.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), in the matter 
                      preceding clause (i), by inserting ``, a veteran 
                      farmer or rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) 
                      of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
                      Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))),'' before ``or a 
                      beginning farmer or rancher''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                      inserting the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Advance payments.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not more than 50 percent of 
                      the amount determined under subparagraph (A) may 
                      be provided in advance for the purpose of 
                      purchasing materials or contracting.
                          ``(ii) Return of funds.--If funds provided in 
                      advance are not expended during the 90-day period 
                      beginning on the date of receipt of the funds, the

[[Page 128 STAT. 730]]

                      funds shall be returned within a reasonable 
                      timeframe, as determined by the Secretary.'';
            (4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(f) Allocation of Funding.--
            ``(1) Livestock.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018, at least 60 percent of the funds made available for 
        payments under the program shall be targeted at practices 
        relating to livestock production.
            ``(2) Wildlife habitat.--For each of fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018, at least 5 percent of the funds made available for 
        payments under the program shall be targeted at practices 
        benefitting wildlife habitat under subsection (g).''; and
            (5) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(g) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide payments 
        under the environmental quality incentives program for 
        conservation practices that support the restoration, 
        development, protection, and improvement of wildlife habitat on 
        eligible land, including--
                    ``(A) upland wildlife habitat;
                    ``(B) wetland wildlife habitat;
                    ``(C) habitat for threatened and endangered species;
                    ``(D) fish habitat;
                    ``(E) habitat on pivot corners and other irregular 
                areas of a field; and
                    ``(F) other types of wildlife habitat, as determined 
                by the Secretary.
            ``(2) State technical committee.--In determining the 
        practices eligible for payment under paragraph (1) and targeted 
        for funding under subsection (f), the Secretary shall consult 
        with the relevant State technical committee not less often than 
        once each year.''.
SEC. 2204. EVALUATION OF APPLICATIONS.

    Section 1240C(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-
3(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``environmental'' and 
        inserting ``conservation''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``purpose of the 
        environmental quality incentives program specified in section 
        1240(1)'' and inserting ``purposes of the program''.
SEC. 2205. DUTIES OF PRODUCERS.

    Section 1240D(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-
4(2)) is amended by striking ``farm, ranch, or forest'' and inserting 
``enrolled''.
SEC. 2206. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.

    Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-7) 
is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1240G. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS.

    ``A person or legal entity may not receive, directly or indirectly, 
cost-share or incentive payments under this chapter that, in aggregate, 
exceed $450,000 for all contracts entered into under this chapter by the 
person or legal entity during the period of fiscal

[[Page 128 STAT. 731]]

years 2014 through 2018, regardless of the number of contracts entered 
into under this chapter by the person or legal entity.''.
SEC. 2207. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.

    Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) facilitate on-farm conservation research and 
                demonstration activities; and
                    ``(F) facilitate pilot testing of new technologies 
                or innovative conservation practices.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``$37,500,000'' and inserting 
                ``$25,000,000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(c) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and every two 
years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives a report on the status of 
projects funded under this section, including--
            ``(1) funding awarded;
            ``(2) project results; and
            ``(3) incorporation of project findings, such as new 
        technology and innovative approaches, into the conservation 
        efforts implemented by the Secretary.''.
SEC. 2208. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3839aa note.>> EFFECT ON EXISTING 
                          CONTRACTS.

    The amendments made by this subtitle shall not affect the validity 
or terms of any contract entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture 
under chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) before the date of enactment of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
connection with the contract.

         Subtitle D--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

SEC. 2301. AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION EASEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subtitle:

        ``Subtitle H--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

``SEC. 1265. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3865.>> ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an agricultural 
conservation easement program for the conservation of eligible

[[Page 128 STAT. 732]]

land and natural resources through easements or other interests in land.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are to--
            ``(1) combine the purposes and coordinate the functions of 
        the wetlands reserve program established under section 1237, the 
        grassland reserve program established under section 1238N, and 
        the farmland protection program established under section 1238I, 
        as such sections were in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014;
            ``(2) restore, protect, and enhance wetlands on eligible 
        land;
            ``(3) protect the agricultural use and future viability, and 
        related conservation values, of eligible land by limiting 
        nonagricultural uses of that land; and
            ``(4) protect grazing uses and related conservation values 
        by restoring and conserving eligible land.
``SEC. 1265A. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3865a.>> DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subtitle:
            ``(1) Agricultural land easement.--The term `agricultural 
        land easement' means an easement or other interest in eligible 
        land that--
                    ``(A) is conveyed for the purpose of protecting 
                natural resources and the agricultural nature of the 
                land; and
                    ``(B) permits the landowner the right to continue 
                agricultural production and related uses subject to an 
                agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(2) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) an agency of State or local government or an 
                Indian tribe (including a farmland protection board or 
                land resource council established under State law); or
                    ``(B) an organization that is--
                          ``(i) organized for, and at all times since 
                      the formation of the organization has been 
                      operated principally for, 1 or more of the 
                      conservation purposes specified in clause (i), 
                      (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 170(h)(4)(A) of 
                      the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
                          ``(ii) an organization described in section 
                      501(c)(3) of that Code that is exempt from 
                      taxation under section 501(a) of that Code; or
                          ``(iii) described in--
                                    ``(I) paragraph (1) or (2) of 
                                section 509(a) of that Code; or
                                    ``(II) section 509(a)(3) of that 
                                Code and is controlled by an 
                                organization described in section 
                                509(a)(2) of that Code.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means private 
        or tribal land that is--
                    ``(A) in the case of an agricultural land easement, 
                agricultural land, including land on a farm or ranch--
                          ``(i) that is subject to a pending offer for 
                      purchase of an agricultural land easement from an 
                      eligible entity;
                          ``(ii)(I) that has prime, unique, or other 
                      productive soil;
                          ``(II) that contains historical or 
                      archaeological resources;

[[Page 128 STAT. 733]]

                          ``(III) the enrollment of which would protect 
                      grazing uses and related conservation values by 
                      restoring and conserving land; or
                          ``(IV) the protection of which will further a 
                      State or local policy consistent with the purposes 
                      of the program; and
                          ``(iii) that is--
                                    ``(I) cropland;
                                    ``(II) rangeland;
                                    ``(III) grassland or land that 
                                contains forbs, or shrubland for which 
                                grazing is the predominant use;
                                    ``(IV) located in an area that has 
                                been historically dominated by 
                                grassland, forbs, or shrubs and could 
                                provide habitat for animal or plant 
                                populations of significant ecological 
                                value;
                                    ``(V) pastureland; or
                                    ``(VI) nonindustrial private forest 
                                land that contributes to the economic 
                                viability of an offered parcel or serves 
                                as a buffer to protect such land from 
                                development;
                    ``(B) in the case of a wetland reserve easement, a 
                wetland or related area, including--
                          ``(i) farmed or converted wetlands, together 
                      with adjacent land that is functionally dependent 
                      on that land, if the Secretary determines it--
                                    ``(I) is likely to be successfully 
                                restored in a cost-effective manner; and
                                    ``(II) will maximize the wildlife 
                                benefits and wetland functions and 
                                values, as determined by the Secretary 
                                in consultation with the Secretary of 
                                the Interior at the local level;
                          ``(ii) cropland or grassland that was used for 
                      agricultural production prior to flooding from the 
                      natural overflow of--
                                    ``(I) a closed basin lake and 
                                adjacent land that is functionally 
                                dependent upon it, if the State or other 
                                entity is willing to provide 50 percent 
                                share of the cost of an easement; or
                                    ``(II) a pothole and adjacent land 
                                that is functionally dependent on it;
                          ``(iii) farmed wetlands and adjoining lands 
                      that--
                                    ``(I) are enrolled in the 
                                conservation reserve program;
                                    ``(II) have the highest wetland 
                                functions and values, as determined by 
                                the Secretary; and
                                    ``(III) are likely to return to 
                                production after they leave the 
                                conservation reserve program;
                          ``(iv) riparian areas that link wetlands that 
                      are protected by easements or some other device 
                      that achieves the same purpose as an easement; or
                          ``(v) other wetlands of an owner that would 
                      not otherwise be eligible, if the Secretary 
                      determines that the inclusion of such wetlands in 
                      a wetland reserve easement would significantly add 
                      to the functional value of the easement; or

[[Page 128 STAT. 734]]

                    ``(C) in the case of either an agricultural land 
                easement or a wetland reserve easement, other land that 
                is incidental to land described in subparagraph (A) or 
                (B), if the Secretary determines that it is necessary 
                for the efficient administration of an easement under 
                the program.
            ``(4) Program.--The term `program' means the agricultural 
        conservation easement program established by this subtitle.
            ``(5) Wetland reserve easement.--The term `wetland reserve 
        easement' means a reserved interest in eligible land that--
                    ``(A) is defined and delineated in a deed; and
                    ``(B) stipulates--
                          ``(i) the rights, title, and interests in land 
                      conveyed to the Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) the rights, title, and interests in 
                      land that are reserved to the landowner.
``SEC. 1265B. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3865b.>> AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.

    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall facilitate 
and provide funding for--
            ``(1) the purchase by eligible entities of agricultural land 
        easements in eligible land; and
            ``(2) technical assistance to provide for the conservation 
        of natural resources pursuant to an agricultural land easement 
        plan.

    ``(b) Cost-Share Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall protect the 
        agricultural use, including grazing, and related conservation 
        values of eligible land through cost-share assistance to 
        eligible entities for purchasing agricultural land easements.
            ``(2) Scope of assistance available.--
                    ``(A) Federal share.--An agreement described in 
                paragraph (4) shall provide for a Federal share 
                determined by the Secretary of an amount not to exceed 
                50 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural 
                land easement, as determined by the Secretary using--
                          ``(i) the Uniform Standards of Professional 
                      Appraisal Practice;
                          ``(ii) an areawide market analysis or survey; 
                      or
                          ``(iii) another industry-approved method.
                    ``(B) Non-federal share.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Under the agreement, the 
                      eligible entity shall provide a share that is at 
                      least equivalent to that provided by the 
                      Secretary.
                          ``(ii) Source of contribution.--An eligible 
                      entity may include as part of its share under 
                      clause (i) a charitable donation or qualified 
                      conservation contribution (as defined by section 
                      170(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) from 
                      the private landowner if the eligible entity 
                      contributes its own cash resources in an amount 
                      that is at least 50 percent of the amount 
                      contributed by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Exception.--
                          ``(i) Grasslands.--In the case of grassland of 
                      special environmental significance, as determined 
                      by the Secretary, the Secretary may provide an 
                      amount not

[[Page 128 STAT. 735]]

                      to exceed 75 percent of the fair market value of 
                      the agricultural land easement.
                          ``(ii) Cash contribution.--For purposes of 
                      subparagraph (B)(ii), the Secretary may waive any 
                      portion of the eligible entity cash contribution 
                      requirement for projects of special significance, 
                      subject to an increase in the private landowner 
                      donation that is equal to the amount of the 
                      waiver, if the donation is voluntary and the 
                      property is in active agricultural production.
            ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--
                    ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall establish 
                evaluation and ranking criteria to maximize the benefit 
                of Federal investment under the program.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing the criteria, 
                the Secretary shall emphasize support for--
                          ``(i) protecting agricultural uses and related 
                      conservation values of the land; and
                          ``(ii) maximizing the protection of areas 
                      devoted to agricultural use.
                    ``(C) Bidding down.--If the Secretary determines 
                that 2 or more applications for cost-share assistance 
                are comparable in achieving the purpose of the program, 
                the Secretary shall not assign a higher priority to any 
                of those applications solely on the basis of lesser cost 
                to the program.
            ``(4) Agreements with eligible entities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into 
                agreements with eligible entities to stipulate the terms 
                and conditions under which the eligible entity is 
                permitted to use cost-share assistance provided under 
                this section.
                    ``(B) Length of agreements.--An agreement shall be 
                for a term that is--
                          ``(i) in the case of an eligible entity 
                      certified under the process described in paragraph 
                      (5), a minimum of five years; and
                          ``(ii) for all other eligible entities, at 
                      least three, but not more than five years.
                    ``(C) Minimum terms and conditions.--An eligible 
                entity shall be authorized to use its own terms and 
                conditions for agricultural land easements so long as 
                the Secretary determines such terms and conditions--
                          ``(i) are consistent with the purposes of the 
                      program;
                          ``(ii) permit effective enforcement of the 
                      conservation purposes of such easements;
                          ``(iii) include a right of enforcement for the 
                      Secretary, that may be used only if the terms of 
                      the easement are not enforced by the holder of the 
                      easement;
                          ``(iv) subject the land in which an interest 
                      is purchased to an agricultural land easement plan 
                      that--
                                    ``(I) describes the activities which 
                                promote the long-term viability of the 
                                land to meet the purposes for which the 
                                easement was acquired;
                                    ``(II) requires the management of 
                                grasslands according to a grasslands 
                                management plan; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 736]]

                                    ``(III) includes a conservation 
                                plan, where appropriate, and requires, 
                                at the option of the Secretary, the 
                                conversion of highly erodible cropland 
                                to less intensive uses; and
                          ``(v) include a limit on the impervious 
                      surfaces to be allowed that is consistent with the 
                      agricultural activities to be conducted.
                    ``(D) Substitution of qualified projects.--An 
                agreement shall allow, upon mutual agreement of the 
                parties, substitution of qualified projects that are 
                identified at the time of the proposed substitution.
                    ``(E) Effect of violation.--If a violation occurs of 
                a term or condition of an agreement under this 
                subsection--
                          ``(i) the Secretary may terminate the 
                      agreement; and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary may require the eligible 
                      entity to refund all or part of any payments 
                      received by the entity under the program, with 
                      interest on the payments as determined appropriate 
                      by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Certification of eligible entities.--
                    ``(A) Certification process.--The Secretary shall 
                establish a process under which the Secretary may--
                          ``(i) directly certify eligible entities that 
                      meet established criteria;
                          ``(ii) enter into long-term agreements with 
                      certified eligible entities; and
                          ``(iii) accept proposals for cost-share 
                      assistance for the purchase of agricultural land 
                      easements throughout the duration of such 
                      agreements.
                    ``(B) Certification criteria.--In order to be 
                certified, an eligible entity shall demonstrate to the 
                Secretary that the entity will maintain, at a minimum, 
                for the duration of the agreement--
                          ``(i) a plan for administering easements that 
                      is consistent with the purpose of the program;
                          ``(ii) the capacity and resources to monitor 
                      and enforce agricultural land easements; and
                          ``(iii) policies and procedures to ensure--
                                    ``(I) the long-term integrity of 
                                agricultural land easements on eligible 
                                land;
                                    ``(II) timely completion of 
                                acquisitions of such easements; and
                                    ``(III) timely and complete 
                                evaluation and reporting to the 
                                Secretary on the use of funds provided 
                                under the program.
                    ``(C) Review and revision.--
                          ``(i) Review.--The Secretary shall conduct a 
                      review of eligible entities certified under 
                      subparagraph (A) every three years to ensure that 
                      such entities are meeting the criteria established 
                      under subparagraph (B).
                          ``(ii) Revocation.--If the Secretary finds 
                      that a certified eligible entity no longer meets 
                      the criteria established under subparagraph (B), 
                      the Secretary may--
                                    ``(I) allow the certified eligible 
                                entity a specified period of time, at a 
                                minimum 180 days, in

[[Page 128 STAT. 737]]

                                which to take such actions as may be 
                                necessary to meet the criteria; and
                                    ``(II) revoke the certification of 
                                the eligible entity, if, after the 
                                specified period of time, the certified 
                                eligible entity does not meet such 
                                criteria.

    ``(c) Method of Enrollment.--The Secretary shall enroll eligible 
land under this section through the use of--
            ``(1) permanent easements; or
            ``(2) easements for the maximum duration allowed under 
        applicable State laws.

    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide technical 
assistance, if requested, to assist in--
            ``(1) compliance with the terms and conditions of easements; 
        and
            ``(2) implementation of an agricultural land easement plan.
``SEC. 1265C. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3865c.>> WETLAND RESERVE EASEMENTS.

    ``(a) Availability of Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
assistance to owners of eligible land to restore, protect, and enhance 
wetlands through--
            ``(1) wetland reserve easements and related wetland reserve 
        easement plans; and
            ``(2) technical assistance.

    ``(b) Easements.--
            ``(1) Method of enrollment.--The Secretary shall enroll 
        eligible land under this section through the use of--
                    ``(A) 30-year easements;
                    ``(B) permanent easements;
                    ``(C) easements for the maximum duration allowed 
                under applicable State laws; or
                    ``(D) as an option for Indian tribes only, 30-year 
                contracts.
            ``(2) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) Ineligible land.--The Secretary may not 
                acquire easements on--
                          ``(i) land established to trees under the 
                      conservation reserve program, except in cases 
                      where the Secretary determines it would further 
                      the purposes of this section; and
                          ``(ii) farmed wetlands or converted wetlands 
                      where the conversion was not commenced prior to 
                      December 23, 1985.
                    ``(B) Changes in ownership.--No wetland reserve 
                easement shall be created on land that has changed 
                ownership during the preceding 24-month period unless--
                          ``(i) the new ownership was acquired by will 
                      or succession as a result of the death of the 
                      previous owner;
                          ``(ii)(I) the ownership change occurred 
                      because of foreclosure on the land; and
                          ``(II) immediately before the foreclosure, the 
                      owner of the land exercises a right of redemption 
                      from the mortgage holder in accordance with State 
                      law; or
                          ``(iii) the Secretary determines that the land 
                      was acquired under circumstances that give 
                      adequate assurances that such land was not 
                      acquired for the purposes of placing it in the 
                      program.

[[Page 128 STAT. 738]]

            ``(3) Evaluation and ranking of offers.--
                    ``(A) Criteria.--The Secretary shall establish 
                evaluation and ranking criteria for offers from 
                landowners under this section to maximize the benefit of 
                Federal investment under the program.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--When evaluating offers from 
                landowners, the Secretary may consider--
                          ``(i) the conservation benefits of obtaining a 
                      wetland reserve easement, including the potential 
                      environmental benefits if the land was removed 
                      from agricultural production;
                          ``(ii) the cost effectiveness of each wetland 
                      reserve easement, so as to maximize the 
                      environmental benefits per dollar expended;
                          ``(iii) whether the landowner or another 
                      person is offering to contribute financially to 
                      the cost of the wetland reserve easement to 
                      leverage Federal funds; and
                          ``(iv) such other factors as the Secretary 
                      determines are necessary to carry out the purposes 
                      of the program.
                    ``(C) Priority.--The Secretary shall give priority 
                to acquiring wetland reserve easements based on the 
                value of the wetland reserve easement for protecting and 
                enhancing habitat for migratory birds and other 
                wildlife.
            ``(4) Agreement.--To be eligible to place eligible land into 
        the program through a wetland reserve easement, the owner of 
        such land shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary to--
                    ``(A) grant an easement on such land to the 
                Secretary;
                    ``(B) authorize the implementation of a wetland 
                reserve easement plan developed for the eligible land 
                under subsection (f);
                    ``(C) create and record an appropriate deed 
                restriction in accordance with applicable State law to 
                reflect the easement agreed to;
                    ``(D) provide a written statement of consent to such 
                easement signed by those holding a security interest in 
                the land;
                    ``(E) comply with the terms and conditions of the 
                easement and any related agreements; and
                    ``(F) permanently retire any existing base history 
                for the land on which the easement has been obtained.
            ``(5) Terms and conditions of easement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A wetland reserve easement shall 
                include terms and conditions that--
                          ``(i) permit--
                                    ``(I) repairs, improvements, and 
                                inspections on the land that are 
                                necessary to maintain existing public 
                                drainage systems; and
                                    ``(II) owners to control public 
                                access on the easement areas while 
                                identifying access routes to be used for 
                                restoration activities and management 
                                and easement monitoring;
                          ``(ii) prohibit--
                                    ``(I) the alteration of wildlife 
                                habitat and other natural features of 
                                such land, unless specifically 
                                authorized by the Secretary;

[[Page 128 STAT. 739]]

                                    ``(II) the spraying of such land 
                                with chemicals or the mowing of such 
                                land, except where such spraying or 
                                mowing is authorized by the Secretary or 
                                is necessary--
                                            ``(aa) to comply with 
                                        Federal or State noxious weed 
                                        control laws;
                                            ``(bb) to comply with a 
                                        Federal or State emergency pest 
                                        treatment program; or
                                            ``(cc) to meet habitat needs 
                                        of specific wildlife species;
                                    ``(III) any activities to be carried 
                                out on the owner's or successor's land 
                                that is immediately adjacent to, and 
                                functionally related to, the land that 
                                is subject to the easement if such 
                                activities will alter, degrade, or 
                                otherwise diminish the functional value 
                                of the eligible land; and
                                    ``(IV) the adoption of any other 
                                practice that would tend to defeat the 
                                purposes of the program, as determined 
                                by the Secretary;
                          ``(iii) provide for the efficient and 
                      effective establishment of wetland functions and 
                      values; and
                          ``(iv) include such additional provisions as 
                      the Secretary determines are desirable to carry 
                      out the program or facilitate the practical 
                      administration thereof.
                    ``(B) Violation.--On the violation of a term or 
                condition of a wetland reserve easement, the wetland 
                reserve easement shall remain in force and the Secretary 
                may require the owner to refund all or part of any 
                payments received by the owner under the program, with 
                interest on the payments as determined appropriate by 
                the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a wetland 
                reserve easement may be used for compatible economic 
                uses, including such activities as hunting and fishing, 
                managed timber harvest, or periodic haying or grazing, 
                if such use is specifically permitted by the wetland 
                reserve easement plan developed for the land under 
                subsection (f) and is consistent with the long-term 
                protection and enhancement of the wetland resources for 
                which the easement was established.
                    ``(D) Reservation of grazing rights.--The Secretary 
                may include in the terms and conditions of a wetland 
                reserve easement a provision under which the owner 
                reserves grazing rights if--
                          ``(i) the Secretary determines that the 
                      reservation and use of the grazing rights--
                                    ``(I) is compatible with the land 
                                subject to the easement;
                                    ``(II) is consistent with the 
                                historical natural uses of the land and 
                                the long-term protection and enhancement 
                                goals for which the easement was 
                                established; and
                                    ``(III) complies with the wetland 
                                reserve easement plan developed for the 
                                land under subsection (f); and

[[Page 128 STAT. 740]]

                          ``(ii) the agreement provides for a 
                      commensurate reduction in the easement payment to 
                      account for the grazing value, as determined by 
                      the Secretary.
            ``(6) Compensation.--
                    ``(A) Determination.--
                          ``(i) Permanent easements.--The Secretary 
                      shall pay as compensation for a permanent wetland 
                      reserve easement acquired under the program an 
                      amount necessary to encourage enrollment in the 
                      program, based on the lowest of--
                                    ``(I) the fair market value of the 
                                land, as determined by the Secretary, 
                                using the Uniform Standards of 
                                Professional Appraisal Practice or an 
                                areawide market analysis or survey;
                                    ``(II) the amount corresponding to a 
                                geographical cap, as determined by the 
                                Secretary in regulations; or
                                    ``(III) the offer made by the 
                                landowner.
                          ``(ii) Other.--Compensation for a 30-year 
                      contract or 30-year wetland reserve easement shall 
                      be not less than 50 percent, but not more than 75 
                      percent, of the compensation that would be paid 
                      for a permanent wetland reserve easement.
                    ``(B) Form of payment.--Compensation for a wetland 
                reserve easement shall be provided by the Secretary in 
                the form of a cash payment, in an amount determined 
                under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Payment schedule.--
                          ``(i) Easements valued at $500,000 or less.--
                      For wetland reserve easements valued at $500,000 
                      or less, the Secretary may provide payments in not 
                      more than 10 annual payments.
                          ``(ii) Easements valued at more than 
                      $500,000.--For wetland reserve easements valued at 
                      more than $500,000, the Secretary may provide 
                      payments in at least 5, but not more than 10 
                      annual payments, except that, if the Secretary 
                      determines it would further the purposes of the 
                      program, the Secretary may make a lump-sum payment 
                      for such an easement.

    ``(c) Easement Restoration.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide financial 
        assistance to owners of eligible land to carry out the 
        establishment of conservation measures and practices and protect 
        wetland functions and values, including necessary maintenance 
        activities, as set forth in a wetland reserve easement plan 
        developed for the eligible land under subsection (f).
            ``(2) Payments.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) in the case of a permanent wetland reserve 
                easement, pay an amount that is not less than 75 
                percent, but not more than 100 percent, of the eligible 
                costs, as determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a 30-year contract or 30-year 
                wetland reserve easement, pay an amount that is not less 
                than 50 percent, but not more than 75 percent, of the 
                eligible costs, as determined by the Secretary.

    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 741]]

            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall assist owners in 
        complying with the terms and conditions of a wetland reserve 
        easement.
            ``(2) Contracts or agreements.--The Secretary may enter into 
        1 or more contracts with private entities or agreements with a 
        State, nongovernmental organization, or Indian tribe to carry 
        out necessary restoration, enhancement, or maintenance of a 
        wetland reserve easement if the Secretary determines that the 
        contract or agreement will advance the purposes of the program.

    ``(e) Wetland Reserve Enhancement Option.--The Secretary may enter 
into 1 or more agreements with a State (including a political 
subdivision or agency of a State), nongovernmental organization, or 
Indian tribe to carry out a special wetland reserve enhancement option 
that the Secretary determines would advance the purposes of program.
    ``(f) Administration.--
            ``(1) Wetland reserve easement plan.--The Secretary shall 
        develop a wetland reserve easement plan for any eligible land 
        subject to a wetland reserve easement, which shall include 
        practices and activities necessary to restore, protect, enhance, 
        and maintain the enrolled land.
            ``(2) Delegation of easement administration.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may delegate any of 
                the management, monitoring, and enforcement 
                responsibilities of the Secretary under this section to 
                other Federal or State agencies that have the 
                appropriate authority, expertise, and resources 
                necessary to carry out such delegated responsibilities, 
                or to conservation organizations if the Secretary 
                determines the organization has similar expertise and 
                resources.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not delegate 
                any of the monitoring or enforcement responsibilities 
                under this section to conservation organizations.
            ``(3) Payments.--
                    ``(A) Timing of payments.--The Secretary shall 
                provide payment for obligations incurred by the 
                Secretary under this section--
                          ``(i) with respect to any easement restoration 
                      obligation under subsection (c), as soon as 
                      possible after the obligation is incurred; and
                          ``(ii) with respect to any annual easement 
                      payment obligation incurred by the Secretary, as 
                      soon as possible after October 1 of each calendar 
                      year.
                    ``(B) Payments to others.--If an owner who is 
                entitled to a payment under this section dies, becomes 
                incompetent, is otherwise unable to receive such 
                payment, or is succeeded by another person or entity who 
                renders or completes the required performance, the 
                Secretary shall make such payment, in accordance with 
                regulations prescribed by the Secretary and without 
                regard to any other provision of law, in such manner as 
                the Secretary determines is fair and reasonable in light 
                of all of the circumstances.

    ``(g) Application.--The relevant provisions of this section shall 
also apply to a 30-year contract.

[[Page 128 STAT. 742]]

``SEC. 1265D. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3865d.>> ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Ineligible Land.--The Secretary may not use program funds for 
the purposes of acquiring an easement on--
            ``(1) lands owned by an agency of the United States, other 
        than land held in trust for Indian tribes;
            ``(2) lands owned in fee title by a State, including an 
        agency or a subdivision of a State, or a unit of local 
        government;
            ``(3) land subject to an easement or deed restriction which, 
        as determined by the Secretary, provides similar protection as 
        would be provided by enrollment in the program; or
            ``(4) lands where the purposes of the program would be 
        undermined due to on-site or off-site conditions, such as risk 
        of hazardous substances, proposed or existing rights of way, 
        infrastructure development, or adjacent land uses.

    ``(b) Priority.--In evaluating applications under the program, the 
Secretary may give priority to land that is currently enrolled in the 
conservation reserve program in a contract that is set to expire within 
1 year and--
            ``(1) in the case of an agricultural land easement, is 
        grassland that would benefit from protection under a long-term 
        easement; and
            ``(2) in the case of a wetland reserve easement, is a 
        wetland or related area with the highest wetland functions and 
        value and is likely to return to production after the land 
        leaves the conservation reserve program.

    ``(c) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and Termination.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may subordinate, exchange, 
        modify, or terminate any interest in land, or portion of such 
        interest, administered by the Secretary, either directly or on 
        behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if 
        the Secretary determines that--
                    ``(A) it is in the Federal Government's interest to 
                subordinate, exchange, modify, or terminate the interest 
                in land;
                    ``(B) the subordination, exchange, modification, or 
                termination action--
                          ``(i) will address a compelling public need 
                      for which there is no practicable alternative; or
                          ``(ii) such action will further the practical 
                      administration of the program; and
                    ``(C) the subordination, exchange, modification, or 
                termination action will result in comparable 
                conservation value and equivalent or greater economic 
                value to the United States.
            ``(2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall work with the 
        owner, and eligible entity if applicable, to address any 
        subordination, exchange, modification, or termination of the 
        interest, or portion of such interest, in land.
            ``(3) Notice.--At least 90 days before taking any 
        termination action described in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall provide written notice of such action to the Committee on 
        Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.

    ``(d) Land Enrolled in Other Programs.--
            ``(1) Conservation reserve program.--The Secretary may 
        terminate or modify a contract entered into under section

[[Page 128 STAT. 743]]

        1231(a) if eligible land that is subject to such contract is 
        transferred into the program.
            ``(2) Other.--In accordance with the provisions of subtitle 
        H of title II of the Agricultural Act of 2014, land enrolled in 
        the wetlands reserve program, grassland reserve program, or 
        farmland protection program on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 shall be considered 
        enrolled in the program.

    ``(e) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--The Secretary may not 
provide assistance under this subtitle to an eligible entity or owner of 
eligible land unless the eligible entity or owner agrees, during the 
crop year for which the assistance is provided--
            ``(1) to comply with applicable conservation requirements 
        under subtitle B; and
            ``(2) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
        requirements under subtitle C.''.

    (b) Cross Reference; Calculation.--Section 1244 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``and'' at the end of 
                      subparagraph (A);
                          (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                      subparagraph (B); and
                          (iii) by striking subparagraph (C);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(2) the agricultural conservation easement program 
        established under subtitle H; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                      ``programs administered under subchapters B and C 
                      of chapter 1 of subtitle D'' and inserting 
                      ``conservation reserve program established under 
                      subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D and 
                      wetland reserve easements under section 1265C''; 
                      and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``an 
                      easement acquired under subchapter C of chapter 1 
                      of subtitle D'' and inserting ``a wetland reserve 
                      easement under section 1265C'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(4) Exclusions.--
                    ``(A) Shelterbelts and windbreaks.--The limitations 
                established under paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
                cropland that is subject to an easement under subchapter 
                B of chapter 1 of subtitle D that is used for the 
                establishment of shelterbelts and windbreaks.
                    ``(B) Wet and saturated soils.--For the purposes of 
                enrolling land in a wetland reserve easement under 
                section 1265C, the limitations established under 
                paragraph (1) shall not apply to cropland designated by 
                the Secretary with subclass w in the land capability 
                classes IV through

[[Page 128 STAT. 744]]

                VIII because of severe use limitations due to soil 
                saturation or inundation.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(5) Calculation.--In calculating the percentages described 
        in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall include any acreage that 
        was included in calculations of percentages made under such 
        paragraph, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014, and that remains enrolled when 
        the calculation is made after that date under paragraph (1).''.

          Subtitle E--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

SEC. 2401. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting 
after subtitle H, as added by section 2301, the following new subtitle:

         ``Subtitle I--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

``SEC. 1271. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3871.>> ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a regional 
conservation partnership program to implement eligible activities on 
eligible land through--
            ``(1) partnership agreements with eligible partners; and
            ``(2) contracts with producers.

    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program are as follows:
            ``(1) To use covered programs to accomplish purposes and 
        functions similar to those of the following programs, as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014:
                    ``(A) The agricultural water enhancement program 
                established under section 1240I.
                    ``(B) The Chesapeake Bay watershed program 
                established under section 1240Q.
                    ``(C) The cooperative conservation partnership 
                initiative established under section 1243.
                    ``(D) The Great Lakes basin program for soil erosion 
                and sediment control established under section 1240P.
            ``(2) To further the conservation, restoration, and 
        sustainable use of soil, water, wildlife, and related natural 
        resources on eligible land on a regional or watershed scale.
            ``(3) To encourage eligible partners to cooperate with 
        producers in--
                    ``(A) meeting or avoiding the need for national, 
                State, and local natural resource regulatory 
                requirements related to production on eligible land; and
                    ``(B) implementing projects that will result in the 
                installation and maintenance of eligible activities that 
                affect multiple agricultural or nonindustrial private 
                forest operations on a local, regional, State, or 
                multistate basis.

[[Page 128 STAT. 745]]

``SEC. 1271A. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3871a.>> DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subtitle:
            ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means the 
        following:
                    ``(A) The agricultural conservation easement 
                program.
                    ``(B) The environmental quality incentives program.
                    ``(C) The conservation stewardship program.
                    ``(D) The healthy forests reserve program 
                established under section 501 of the Healthy Forests 
                Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6571).
            ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible activity' means 
        a conservation activity for any of the following:
                    ``(A) Water quality restoration or enhancement 
                projects, including nutrient management and sediment 
                reduction.
                    ``(B) Water quantity conservation, restoration, or 
                enhancement projects relating to surface water and 
                groundwater resources, including--
                          ``(i) the conversion of irrigated cropland to 
                      the production of less water-intensive 
                      agricultural commodities or dryland farming; or
                          ``(ii) irrigation system improvement and 
                      irrigation efficiency enhancement.
                    ``(C) Drought mitigation.
                    ``(D) Flood prevention.
                    ``(E) Water retention.
                    ``(F) Air quality improvement.
                    ``(G) Habitat conservation, restoration, and 
                enhancement.
                    ``(H) Erosion control and sediment reduction.
                    ``(I) Forest restoration.
                    ``(J) Other related activities that the Secretary 
                determines will help achieve conservation benefits.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' means--
                          ``(i) land on which agricultural commodities, 
                      livestock, or forest-related products are 
                      produced; and
                          ``(ii) lands associated with the lands 
                      described in clause (i).
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible land' 
                includes--
                          ``(i) cropland;
                          ``(ii) grassland;
                          ``(iii) rangeland;
                          ``(iv) pastureland;
                          ``(v) nonindustrial private forest land; and
                          ``(vi) other land incidental to agricultural 
                      production (including wetlands and riparian 
                      buffers) on which significant natural resource 
                      issues could be addressed under the program.
            ``(4) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible partner' means 
        any of the following:
                    ``(A) An agricultural or silvicultural producer 
                association or other group of producers.
                    ``(B) A State or unit of local government.
                    ``(C) An Indian tribe.
                    ``(D) A farmer cooperative.

[[Page 128 STAT. 746]]

                    ``(E) A water district, irrigation district, rural 
                water district or association, or other organization 
                with specific water delivery authority to producers on 
                agricultural land.
                    ``(F) A municipal water or wastewater treatment 
                entity.
                    ``(G) An institution of higher education.
                    ``(H) An organization or entity with an established 
                history of working cooperatively with producers on 
                agricultural land, as determined by the Secretary, to 
                address--
                          ``(i) local conservation priorities related to 
                      agricultural production, wildlife habitat 
                      development, or nonindustrial private forest land 
                      management; or
                          ``(ii) critical watershed-scale soil erosion, 
                      water quality, sediment reduction, or other 
                      natural resource issues.
            ``(5) Partnership agreement.--The term `partnership 
        agreement' means an agreement entered into under section 1271B 
        between the Secretary and an eligible partner.
            ``(6) Program.--The term `program' means the regional 
        conservation partnership program established by this subtitle.
``SEC. 1271B. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3871b.>> REGIONAL CONSERVATION 
                            PARTNERSHIPS.

    ``(a) Partnership Agreements Authorized.--The Secretary may enter 
into a partnership agreement with an eligible partner to implement a 
project that will assist producers with installing and maintaining an 
eligible activity on eligible land.
    ``(b) Length.--A partnership agreement shall be for a period not to 
exceed 5 years, except that the Secretary may extend the agreement one 
time for up to 12 months when an extension is necessary to meet the 
objectives of the program.
    ``(c) Duties of Partners.--
            ``(1) In general.--Under a partnership agreement, the 
        eligible partner shall--
                    ``(A) define the scope of a project, including--
                          ``(i) the eligible activities to be 
                      implemented;
                          ``(ii) the potential agricultural or 
                      nonindustrial private forest land operations 
                      affected;
                          ``(iii) the local, State, multistate, or other 
                      geographic area covered; and
                          ``(iv) the planning, outreach, implementation, 
                      and assessment to be conducted;
                    ``(B) conduct outreach and education to producers 
                for potential participation in the project;
                    ``(C) at the request of a producer, act on behalf of 
                a producer participating in the project in applying for 
                assistance under section 1271C;
                    ``(D) leverage financial or technical assistance 
                provided by the Secretary with additional funds to help 
                achieve the project objectives;
                    ``(E) conduct an assessment of the project's 
                effects; and
                    ``(F) at the conclusion of the project, report to 
                the Secretary on its results and funds leveraged.
            ``(2) Contribution.--An eligible partner shall provide a 
        significant portion of the overall costs of the scope of the 
        project that is the subject of the agreement entered into under 
        subsection (a), as determined by the Secretary.

    ``(d) Applications.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 747]]

            ``(1) Competitive process.--The Secretary shall conduct a 
        competitive process to select applications for partnership 
        agreements and may assess and rank applications with similar 
        conservation purposes as a group.
            ``(2) Criteria used.--In carrying out the process described 
        in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make public the criteria 
        used in evaluating applications.
            ``(3) Content.--An application to the Secretary shall 
        include a description of--
                    ``(A) the scope of the project, as described in 
                subsection (c)(1)(A);
                    ``(B) the plan for monitoring, evaluating, and 
                reporting on progress made toward achieving the 
                project's objectives;
                    ``(C) the program resources requested for the 
                project, including the covered programs to be used and 
                estimated funding needed from the Secretary;
                    ``(D) each eligible partner collaborating to achieve 
                project objectives, including their roles, 
                responsibilities, capabilities, and financial 
                contribution; and
                    ``(E) any other elements the Secretary considers 
                necessary to adequately evaluate and competitively 
                select applications for funding under the program.
            ``(4) Priority to certain applications.--The Secretary may 
        give a higher priority to applications that--
                    ``(A) assist producers in meeting or avoiding the 
                need for a natural resource regulatory requirement;
                    ``(B) have a high percentage of producers in the 
                area to be covered by the agreement;
                    ``(C) significantly leverage non-Federal financial 
                and technical resources and coordinate with other local, 
                State, or national efforts;
                    ``(D) deliver high percentages of applied 
                conservation to address conservation priorities or 
                regional, State, or national conservation initiatives;
                    ``(E) provide innovation in conservation methods and 
                delivery, including outcome-based performance measures 
                and methods; or
                    ``(F) meet other factors that are important for 
                achieving the purposes of the program, as determined by 
                the Secretary.
``SEC. 1271C. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3871c.>> ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall enter into contracts with 
producers to provide financial and technical assistance to--
            ``(1) producers participating in a project with an eligible 
        partner; or
            ``(2) producers that fit within the scope of a project 
        described in section 1271B or a critical conservation area 
        designated under section 1271F, but who are seeking to implement 
        an eligible activity on eligible land independent of an eligible 
        partner.

    ``(b) Terms and Conditions.--
            ``(1) Consistency with program rules.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B) and paragraph (2), the Secretary shall 
                ensure that the terms and conditions of a contract under 
                this section are consistent with the applicable rules of 
                the covered

[[Page 128 STAT. 748]]

                programs to be used as part of the partnership 
                agreement, as described in the application under section 
                1271B(d)(3)(C).
                    ``(B) Adjustments.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may adjust 
                      the rules of a covered program, including--
                                    ``(I) operational guidance and 
                                requirements for a covered program at 
                                the discretion of the Secretary so as to 
                                provide a simplified application and 
                                evaluation process; and
                                    ``(II) nonstatutory, regulatory 
                                rules or provisions to better reflect 
                                unique local circumstances and purposes 
                                if the Secretary determines such 
                                adjustments are necessary to achieve the 
                                purposes of the covered program.
                          ``(ii) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not 
                      adjust the application of statutory requirements 
                      for a covered program, including requirements 
                      governing appeals, payment limits, and 
                      conservation compliance.
                          ``(iii) Irrigation.--In States where 
                      irrigation has not been used significantly for 
                      agricultural purposes, as determined by the 
                      Secretary, the Secretary shall not limit 
                      eligibility under section 1271B or this section on 
                      the basis of prior irrigation history.
            ``(2) Alternative funding arrangements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For the purposes of providing 
                assistance for land described in subsection (a) and 
                section 1271F, the Secretary may enter into alternative 
                funding arrangements with a multistate water resource 
                agency or authority if--
                          ``(i) the Secretary determines that the goals 
                      and objectives of the program will be met by the 
                      alternative funding arrangements;
                          ``(ii) the agency or authority certifies that 
                      the limitations established under this section on 
                      agreements with individual producers will not be 
                      exceeded; and
                          ``(iii) all participating producers meet 
                      applicable payment eligibility provisions.
                    ``(B) Conditions.--As a condition of receiving 
                funding under subparagraph (A), the multistate water 
                resource agency or authority shall agree--
                          ``(i) to submit an annual independent audit to 
                      the Secretary that describes the use of funds 
                      under this paragraph;
                          ``(ii) to provide any data necessary for the 
                      Secretary to issue a report on the use of funds 
                      under this paragraph; and
                          ``(iii) not to use any of the funds provided 
                      pursuant to subparagraph (A) for administration or 
                      to provide for administrative costs through 
                      contracts with another entity.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary may enter into not 
                more than 20 alternative funding arrangements under this 
                paragraph.

    ``(c) Payments.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 749]]

            ``(1) In general.--In accordance with statutory requirements 
        of the covered programs involved, the Secretary may make 
        payments to a producer in an amount determined by the Secretary 
        to be necessary to achieve the purposes of the program.
            ``(2) Payments to certain producers.--The Secretary may 
        provide payments for a period of 5 years--
                    ``(A) to producers participating in a project that 
                addresses water quantity concerns and in an amount 
                sufficient to encourage conversion from irrigated to 
                dryland farming; and
                    ``(B) to producers participating in a project that 
                addresses water quality concerns and in an amount 
                sufficient to encourage adoption of conservation 
                practices and systems that improve nutrient management.
            ``(3) Waiver authority.--To assist in the implementation of 
        the program, the Secretary may waive the applicability of the 
        limitation in section 1001D(b)(2) of this Act for participating 
        producers if the Secretary determines that the waiver is 
        necessary to fulfill the objectives of the program.
``SEC. 1271D. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3871d.>>  FUNDING.

    ``(a) Availability of Funds.--The Secretary shall use $100,000,000 
of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018 to carry out the program.
    ``(b) Duration of Availability.--Funds made available under 
subsection (a) shall remain available until expended.
    ``(c) Additional Funding and Acres.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to the funds made available 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall reserve 7 percent of 
        the funds and acres made available for a covered program for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 in order to ensure 
        additional resources are available to carry out this program.
            ``(2) Unused funds and acres.--Any funds or acres reserved 
        under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year from a covered program 
        that are not committed under this program by April 1 of that 
        fiscal year shall be returned for use under the covered program.

    ``(d) Allocation of Funding.--Of the funds and acres made available 
for the program under subsection (a) and reserved for the program under 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall allocate--
            ``(1) 25 percent of the funds and acres to projects based on 
        a State competitive process administered by the State 
        Conservationist, with the advice of the State technical 
        committee established under subtitle G;
            ``(2) 40 percent of the funds and acres to projects based on 
        a national competitive process to be established by the 
        Secretary; and
            ``(3) 35 percent of the funds and acres to projects for 
        critical conservation areas designated under section 1271F.

    ``(e) Limitation on Administrative Expenses.--None of the funds made 
available or reserved for the program may be used to pay for the 
administrative expenses of eligible partners.
``SEC. 1271E. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3871e.>>  ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Disclosure.--In addition to the criteria used in evaluating 
applications as described in section 1271B(d)(2), the Secretary shall

[[Page 128 STAT. 750]]

make publicly available information on projects selected through the 
competitive process described in section 1271B(d)(1).
    ``(b) Reporting.--Not later than December 31, 2014, and every two 
years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on the 
status of projects funded under the program, including--
            ``(1) the number and types of eligible partners and 
        producers participating in the partnership agreements selected;
            ``(2) the number of producers receiving assistance;
            ``(3) total funding committed to projects, including from 
        Federal and non-Federal resources; and
            ``(4) a description of how the funds under section 
        1271C(b)(2) are being administered, including--
                    ``(A) any oversight mechanisms that the Secretary 
                has implemented;
                    ``(B) the process through which the Secretary is 
                resolving appeals by program participants; and
                    ``(C) the means by which the Secretary is tracking 
                adherence to any applicable provisions for payment 
                eligibility.
``SEC. 1271F. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3871f.>>  CRITICAL CONSERVATION 
                            AREAS.

    ``(a) In General.--In administering funds under section 1271D(d)(3), 
the Secretary shall select applications for partnership agreements and 
producer contracts within critical conservation areas designated under 
this section.
    ``(b) Critical Conservation Area Designations.--
            ``(1) Priority.--In designating critical conservation areas 
        under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to 
        geographical areas based on the degree to which the geographical 
        area--
                    ``(A) includes multiple States with significant 
                agricultural production;
                    ``(B) is covered by an existing regional, State, 
                binational, or multistate agreement or plan that has 
                established objectives, goals, and work plans and is 
                adopted by a Federal, State, or regional authority;
                    ``(C) would benefit from water quality improvement, 
                including through reducing erosion, promoting sediment 
                control, and addressing nutrient management activities 
                affecting large bodies of water of regional, national, 
                or international significance;
                    ``(D) would benefit from water quantity improvement, 
                including improvement relating to--
                          ``(i) groundwater, surface water, aquifer, or 
                      other water sources; or
                          ``(ii) a need to promote water retention and 
                      flood prevention; or
                    ``(E) contains producers that need assistance in 
                meeting or avoiding the need for a natural resource 
                regulatory requirement that could have a negative impact 
                on the economic scope of the agricultural operations 
                within the area.
            ``(2) Expiration.--Critical conservation area designations 
        under this section shall expire after 5 years, subject to

[[Page 128 STAT. 751]]

        redesignation, except that the Secretary may withdraw 
        designation from an area if the Secretary finds the area no 
        longer meets the conditions described in paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Limitation.--The Secretary may not designate more than 
        8 geographical areas as critical conservation areas under this 
        section.

    ``(c) Administration.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary shall administer any partnership agreement or producer 
        contract under this section in a manner that is consistent with 
        the terms of the program.
            ``(2) Relationship to existing activity.--The Secretary 
        shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that eligible 
        activities carried out in critical conservation areas designated 
        under this section complement and are consistent with other 
        Federal and State programs and water quality and quantity 
        strategies.
            ``(3) Additional authority.--For a critical conservation 
        area described in subsection (b)(1)(D), the Secretary may use 
        authorities under the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention 
        Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), other than section 14 of such Act 
        (16 U.S.C. 1012), to carry out projects for the purposes of this 
        section.''.

                 Subtitle F--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2501. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.

    Section 1240M(e) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839bb(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 2502. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    Section 1240O(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-
2(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018.
            ``(2) Availability of funds.--In addition to funds made 
        available under paragraph (1), of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use $5,000,000, to 
        remain available until expended.''.
SEC. 2503. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Funding.--Section 1240R(f)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5(f)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal years 2009 through 
        2012'' and inserting ``Mandatory funding''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and $40,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
        years 2014 through 2018'' before the period at the end.

    (b) Report on Program Effectiveness.--Not later than 2 years after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report evaluating the effectiveness

[[Page 128 STAT. 752]]

of the voluntary public access and habitat incentive program established 
by section 1240R of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5), 
including--
            (1) identifying cooperating agencies;
            (2) identifying the number of land holdings and total acres 
        enrolled by State;
            (3) evaluating the extent of improved access on eligible 
        land, improved wildlife habitat, and related economic benefits; 
        and
            (4) any other relevant information and data relating to the 
        program that would be helpful to such Committees.
SEC. 2504. AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION EXPERIENCED SERVICES PROGRAM.

    Subsection (c)(2) of section 1252 of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3851) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Exclusion.--Funds made available to carry out the 
        conservation reserve program may not be used to carry out the 
        ACES program.''.
SEC. 2505. SMALL WATERSHED REHABILITATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Availability of Funds.--Section 14(h)(1) of the Watershed 
Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (3) in subparagraph (G), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(H) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to remain 
                available until expended.''.

    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) of the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(2)(E)) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 2506. EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    Section 403 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2203) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Sec. 403. The Secretary'' and inserting 
        the following:
``SEC. 403. EMERGENCY MEASURES.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(b) Floodplain Easements.--
            ``(1) Modification and termination.--The Secretary may 
        modify or terminate a floodplain easement administered by the 
        Secretary under this section if--
                    ``(A) the current owner agrees to the modification 
                or termination; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that the modification 
                or termination--
                          ``(i) will address a compelling public need 
                      for which there is no practicable alternative; and
                          ``(ii) is in the public interest.
            ``(2) Consideration.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 753]]

                    ``(A) Termination.--As consideration for termination 
                of an easement and associated agreements under paragraph 
                (1), the Secretary shall enter into compensatory 
                arrangements as determined to be appropriate by the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(B) Modification.--In the case of a modification 
                under paragraph (1)--
                          ``(i) as a condition of the modification, the 
                      current owner shall enter into a compensatory 
                      arrangement (as determined to be appropriate by 
                      the Secretary) to incur the costs of modification; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary shall ensure that--
                                    ``(I) the modification will not 
                                adversely affect the floodplain 
                                functions and values for which the 
                                easement was acquired;
                                    ``(II) any adverse impacts will be 
                                mitigated by enrollment and restoration 
                                of other land that provides greater 
                                floodplain functions and values at no 
                                additional cost to the Federal 
                                Government; and
                                    ``(III) the modification will result 
                                in equal or greater environmental and 
                                economic values to the United States.''.
SEC. 2507. TERMINAL LAKES.

    Section 2507 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(43 U.S.C. 2211 note; Public Law 107-171) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 2507. TERMINAL LAKES ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means 
        privately owned agricultural land (including land in which a 
        State has a property interest as a result of State water law)--
                    ``(A) that a landowner voluntarily agrees to sell to 
                a State; and
                    ``(B) which--
                          ``(i)(I) is ineligible for enrollment as a 
                      wetland reserve easement established under the 
                      agricultural conservation easement program under 
                      subtitle H of the Food Security Act of 1985;
                                    ``(II) is flooded to--
                                            ``(aa) an average depth of 
                                        at least 6.5 feet; or
                                            ``(bb) a level below which 
                                        the State determines the 
                                        management of the water level is 
                                        beyond the control of the State 
                                        or landowner; or
                                    ``(III) is inaccessible for 
                                agricultural use due to the flooding of 
                                adjoining property (such as islands of 
                                agricultural land created by flooding);
                          ``(ii) is located within a watershed with 
                      water rights available for lease or purchase; and
                          ``(iii) has been used during at least 5 of the 
                      immediately preceding 30 years--
                                    ``(I) to produce crops or hay; or
                                    ``(II) as livestock pasture or 
                                grazing.

[[Page 128 STAT. 754]]

            ``(2) Program.--The term `program' means the voluntary land 
        purchase program established under this section.
            ``(3) Terminal lake.--The term `terminal lake' means a lake 
        and its associated riparian and watershed resources that is--
                    ``(A) considered flooded because there is no natural 
                outlet for water accumulating in the lake or the 
                associated riparian area such that the watershed and 
                surrounding land is consistently flooded; or
                    ``(B) considered terminal because it has no natural 
                outlet and is at risk due to a history of consistent 
                Federal assistance to address critical resource 
                conditions, including insufficient water available to 
                meet the needs of the lake, general uses, and water 
                rights.

    ``(b) Assistance.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) provide grants under subsection (c) for the purchase 
        of eligible land impacted by a terminal lake described in 
        subsection (a)(3)(A); and
            ``(2) provide funds to the Secretary of the Interior 
        pursuant to subsection (e)(2) with assistance in accordance with 
        subsection (d) for terminal lakes described in subsection 
        (a)(3)(B).

    ``(c) Land Purchase Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Using funds provided under subsection 
        (e)(1), the Secretary shall make available land purchase grants 
        to States for the purchase of eligible land in accordance with 
        this subsection.
            ``(2) Implementation.--
                    ``(A) Amount.--A land purchase grant shall be in an 
                amount not to exceed the lesser of--
                          ``(i) 50 percent of the total purchase price 
                      per acre of the eligible land; or
                          ``(ii)(I) in the case of eligible land that 
                      was used to produce crops or hay, $400 per acre; 
                      and
                                    ``(II) in the case of eligible land 
                                that was pasture or grazing land, $200 
                                per acre.
                    ``(B) Determination of purchase price.--A State 
                purchasing eligible land with a land purchase grant 
                shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that 
                the purchase price of such land reflects the value, if 
                any, of other encumbrances on the eligible land to be 
                purchased, including easements and mineral rights.
                    ``(C) Cost-share required.--To be eligible to 
                receive a land purchase grant, a State shall provide 
                matching non-Federal funds in an amount equal to 50 
                percent of the amount described in subparagraph (A), 
                including additional non-Federal funds.
                    ``(D) Conditions.--To receive a land purchase grant, 
                a State shall agree--
                          ``(i) to ensure that any eligible land 
                      purchased is--
                                    ``(I) conveyed in fee simple to the 
                                State; and
                                    ``(II) free from mortgages or other 
                                liens at the time title is transferred;
                          ``(ii) to maintain ownership of the eligible 
                      land in perpetuity;
                          ``(iii) to pay (from funds other than grant 
                      dollars awarded) any costs associated with the 
                      purchase of

[[Page 128 STAT. 755]]

                      eligible land under this section, including 
                      surveys and legal fees; and
                          ``(iv) to keep eligible land in a conserving 
                      use, as defined by the Secretary.
                    ``(E) Loss of federal benefits.--Eligible land 
                purchased with a grant under this section shall lose 
                eligibility for any benefits under other Federal 
                programs, including--
                          ``(i) benefits under title XII of the Food 
                      Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.);
                          ``(ii) benefits under the Federal Crop 
                      Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
                          ``(iii) covered benefits described in section 
                      1001D(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
                      U.S.C. 1308-3a).
                    ``(F) Prohibition.--Any Federal rights or benefits 
                associated with eligible land prior to purchase by a 
                State may not be transferred to any other land or person 
                in anticipation of or as a result of such purchase.

    ``(d) Water Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Interior, acting 
        through the Commissioner of Reclamation, may use the funds 
        described in subsection (e)(2) to administer and provide 
        financial assistance to carry out this subsection to provide 
        water and assistance to a terminal lake described in subsection 
        (a)(3)(B) through willing sellers or willing participants only--
                    ``(A) to lease water;
                    ``(B) to purchase land, water appurtenant to the 
                land, and related interests; and
                    ``(C) to carry out research, support, and 
                conservation activities for associated fish, wildlife, 
                plant, and habitat resources.
            ``(2) Exclusions.--The Secretary of the Interior may not use 
        this subsection to deliver assistance to the Great Salt Lake in 
        Utah, lakes that are considered dry lakes, or other lakes that 
        do not meet the purposes of this section, as determined by the 
        Secretary of the Interior.
            ``(3) Transitional provision.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of this section, any funds made available 
                before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
                2014 under a provision of law described in subparagraph 
                (B) shall remain available using the provisions of law 
                (including regulations) in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of that Act.
                    ``(B) Described laws.--The provisions of law 
                described in this section are--
                          ``(i) section 2507 of the Farm Security and 
                      Rural Investment Act of 2002 (43 U.S.C. 2211 note; 
                      Public Law 107-171) (as in effect on the day 
                      before the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
                      Act of 2014);
                          ``(ii) section 207 of the Energy and Water 
                      Development Appropriations Act, 2003 (Public Law 
                      108-7; 117 Stat. 146);
                          ``(iii) section 208 of the Energy and Water 
                      Development Appropriations Act, 2006 (Public Law 
                      109-103; 119 Stat. 2268, 123 Stat. 2856); and
                          ``(iv) section 208 of the Energy and Water 
                      Development and Related Agencies Appropriations 
                      Act, 2010

[[Page 128 STAT. 756]]

                      (Public Law 111-85; 123 Stat. 2858, 123 Stat. 
                      2967, 125 Stat. 867).

    ``(e) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out subsection (c) 
        $25,000,000, to remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Commodity credit corporation.--As soon as practicable 
        after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the 
        Secretary shall transfer to the `Bureau of Reclamation--Water 
        and Related Resources' account $150,000,000 from the funds of 
        the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out subsection (d), to 
        remain available until expended.''.
SEC. 2508. SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION.

    (a) Congressional Policy and Declaration of Purpose.--Section 4 of 
the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2003) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by inserting ``and tribal'' after 
        ``State'' each place it appears; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(2), by inserting ``, tribal,'' after 
        ``State''.

    (b) Continuing Appraisal of Soil, Water, and Related Resources.--
Section 5 of the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 
U.S.C. 2004) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(4), by striking ``and State'' and 
        inserting ``, State, and tribal'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``, tribal'' after 
        ``State'' each place it appears; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``State soil'' and inserting ``State 
                and tribal soil''; and
                    (B) by striking ``local'' and inserting ``local, 
                tribal,''.

    (c) Soil and Water Conservation Program.--Section 6(a) of the Soil 
and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2005(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, tribal,'' after ``State'' the first 
        place it appears;
            (2) by inserting ``, tribal'' after ``State'' each other 
        place it appears; and
            (3) by inserting ``, tribal,'' after ``private''.

    (d) Utilization of Available Information and Data.--Section 9 of the 
Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 2008) is 
amended by inserting ``, tribal'' after ``State''.

                 Subtitle G--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2601. FUNDING.

    (a) In General.--Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3841) is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(a) Annual Funding.--For each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 
the Secretary shall use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the following programs under 
this title (including the provision of technical assistance):

[[Page 128 STAT. 757]]

            ``(1) The conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
        chapter 1 of subtitle D, including, to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                    ``(A) $10,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018 to provide payments under section 
                1234(c); and
                    ``(B) $33,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018 to carry out section 1235(f) to 
                facilitate the transfer of land subject to contracts 
                from retired or retiring owners and operators to 
                beginning farmers or ranchers and socially disadvantaged 
                farmers or ranchers.
            ``(2) The agricultural conservation easement program under 
        subtitle H using to the maximum extent practicable--
                    ``(A) $400,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
                    ``(B) $425,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(C) $450,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(D) $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
                    ``(E) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.
            ``(3) The conservation security program under subchapter A 
        of chapter 2 of subtitle D, using such sums as are necessary to 
        administer contracts entered into before September 30, 2008.
            ``(4) The conservation stewardship program under subchapter 
        B of chapter 2 of subtitle D.
            ``(5) The environmental quality incentives program under 
        chapter 4 of subtitle D, using, to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                    ``(A) $1,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2014;
                    ``(B) $1,600,000,000 for fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(C) $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(D) $1,650,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
                    ``(E) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.

    (b) Guaranteed Availability of Funds.--Section 1241 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (h) as 
        subsections (c) through (i), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

    ``(b) Availability of Funds.--Amounts made available by subsection 
(a) for fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall be used by the Secretary to 
carry out the programs specified in such subsection and shall remain 
available until expended.''; and
            (3) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by 
        striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''.
SEC. 2602. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is 
amended by striking subsection (c) (as redesignated by section 
2601(b)(1)) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) Availability.--Commodity Credit Corporation funds made 
        available for a fiscal year for each of the programs specified 
        in subsection (a)--
                    ``(A) shall be available for the provision of 
                technical assistance for the programs for which funds 
                are made available as necessary to implement the 
                programs effectively;
                    ``(B) except for technical assistance for the 
                conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
                chapter 1 of subtitle

[[Page 128 STAT. 758]]

                D, shall be apportioned for the provision of technical 
                assistance in the amount determined by the Secretary, at 
                the sole discretion of the Secretary; and
                    ``(C) shall not be available for the provision of 
                technical assistance for conservation programs specified 
                in subsection (a) other than the program for which the 
                funds were made available.
            ``(2) Priority.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the delivery of technical 
                assistance under the Soil Conservation and Domestic 
                Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590a et seq.), the Secretary 
                shall give priority to producers who request technical 
                assistance from the Secretary in order to comply for the 
                first time with the requirements of subtitle B and 
                subtitle C of this title as a result of the amendments 
                made by section 2611 of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the 
                date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
                of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report regarding the extent to which the conservation 
                compliance requirements contained in the amendments made 
                by section 2611 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 apply to 
                and impact specialty crop growers, including national 
                analysis and surveys to determine the extent of 
                specialty crop acreage that includes highly erodible 
                land and wetlands.
            ``(3) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2014, the 
        Secretary shall submit (and update as necessary in subsequent 
        years) to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
        Forestry of the Senate a report--
                    ``(A) detailing the amount of technical assistance 
                funds requested and apportioned in each program 
                specified in subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal 
                year; and
                    ``(B) any other data relating to this provision that 
                would be helpful to such Committees.
            ``(4) Compliance report.--Not later than November 1 of each 
        year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
        includes--
                    ``(A) a description of the extent to which the 
                requests for highly erodible land conservation and 
                wetland compliance determinations are being addressed in 
                a timely manner;
                    ``(B) the total number of requests completed in the 
                previous fiscal year;
                    ``(C) the incomplete determinations on record; and
                    ``(D) the number of requests that are still 
                outstanding more than 1 year since the date on which the 
                requests were received from the producer.''.
SEC. 2603. REGIONAL EQUITY.

    Section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is 
amended by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by section 
2601(b)(1)) and inserting the following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 759]]

    ``(e) Regional Equity.--
            ``(1) Equitable distribution.--When determining funding 
        allocations each fiscal year, the Secretary shall, after 
        considering available funding and program demand in each State, 
        provide a distribution of funds for conservation programs under 
        subtitle D (excluding the conservation reserve program under 
        subchapter B of chapter 1), subtitle H, and subtitle I to ensure 
        equitable program participation proportional to historical 
        funding allocations and usage by all States.
            ``(2) Minimum percentage.--In determining the specific 
        funding allocations under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) ensure that during the first quarter of each 
                fiscal year each State has the opportunity to establish 
                that the State can use an aggregate allocation amount of 
                at least 0.6 percent of the funds made available for 
                those conservation programs; and
                    ``(B) for each State that can so establish, provide 
                an aggregate amount of at least 0.6 percent of the funds 
                made available for those conservation programs.''.
SEC. 2604. RESERVATION OF FUNDS TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO CERTAIN 
                          FARMERS OR RANCHERS FOR CONSERVATION 
                          ACCESS.

    Subsection (h) of section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3841) (as redesignated by section 2601(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Preference.--In providing assistance under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall give preference to a veteran farmer or 
        rancher (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))) that 
        qualifies under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1).''.
SEC. 2605. ANNUAL REPORT ON PROGRAM ENROLLMENTS AND ASSISTANCE.

    Subsection (i) of section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3841) (as redesignated by section 2601(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``wetlands reserve 
        program'' and inserting ``agricultural conservation easement 
        program'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and redesignating 
        paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), 
        respectively;
            (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``agricultural water enhancement 
                program'' and inserting ``regional conservation 
                partnership program''; and
                    (B) by striking ``1240I(g)'' and inserting 
                ``1271C(c)(3)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Payments made under the conservation stewardship 
        program.
            ``(6) Exceptions provided by the Secretary under section 
        1265B(b)(2)(C).''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 760]]

SEC. 2606. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL 
                          CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by adding at the end the following 
        new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined in 
                section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
                and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))).'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by inserting ``, H, and I'' before 
        the period at the end;
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``country'' and 
                inserting ``county''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection 
                (c)(2)(B) or (f)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (d)(2)(A)(ii) or (g)(2)'';
            (4) in subsection (h)(2), by inserting ``, including, to the 
        extent practicable, practices that maximize benefits for honey 
        bees'' after ``pollinators''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

    ``(j) Improved Administrative Efficiency and Effectiveness.--In 
administrating a conservation program under this title, the Secretary 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
            ``(1) seek to reduce administrative burdens and costs to 
        producers by streamlining conservation planning and program 
        resources; and
            ``(2) take advantage of new technologies to enhance 
        efficiency and effectiveness.

    ``(k) Relation to Other Payments.--Any payment received by an owner 
or operator under this title, including an easement payment or rental 
payment, shall be in addition to, and not affect, the total amount of 
payments that the owner or operator is otherwise eligible to receive 
under any of the following:
            ``(1) This Act.
            ``(2) The Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.).
            ``(3) The Agricultural Act of 2014.
            ``(4) Any law that succeeds a law specified in paragraph 
        (1), (2), or (3).

    ``(l) Funding for Indian Tribes.--In carrying out the conservation 
stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D and 
the environmental quality incentives program under chapter 4 of subtitle 
D, the Secretary may enter into alternative funding arrangements with 
Indian tribes if the Secretary determines that the goals and objectives 
of the programs will be met by such arrangements, and that statutory 
limitations regarding contracts with individual producers will not be 
exceeded by any tribal member.''.
SEC. 2607. STANDARDS FOR STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 1261(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(b)) 
is amended by striking ``Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, the 
Secretary shall develop'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall review and 
update as necessary''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 761]]

SEC. 2608. RULEMAKING AUTHORITY.

    Subtitle E of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``SEC. 1246. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3846.>>  REGULATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall promulgate such regulations 
as are necessary to implement programs under this title, including such 
regulations as the Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure a fair 
and reasonable application of the limitations established under section 
1244(f).
    ``(b) Rulemaking Procedure.--The promulgation of regulations and 
administration of programs under this title--
            ``(1) shall be carried out without regard to chapter 35 of 
        title 44, United States Code (commonly known as the Paperwork 
        Reduction Act); and
            ``(2) shall be made as an interim rule effective on 
        publication with an opportunity for notice and comment.

    ``(c) Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking.--In promulgating 
regulations under this section, the Secretary shall use the authority 
provided under section 808 of title 5, United States Code.''.
SEC. 2609. WETLANDS MITIGATION.

    Section 1222(k) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(k)) 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(k) Mitigation Banking.--
            ``(1) Mitigation banking program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Using authorities available to 
                the Secretary, the Secretary shall operate a program or 
                work with third parties to establish mitigation banks to 
                assist persons in complying with the provisions of this 
                section while mitigating any loss of wetland values and 
                functions.
                    ``(B) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
                Corporation, the Secretary shall use $10,000,000, to 
                remain available until expended, to carry out this 
                paragraph.
            ``(2) Applicability.--Subsection (f)(2)(C) shall not apply 
        to this subsection.
            ``(3) Policy and criteria.--The Secretary shall develop the 
        appropriate policy and criteria that will allow willing persons 
        to access existing mitigation banks, under this section or any 
        other authority, that will serve the purposes of this section 
        without requiring the Secretary to hold an easement, in whole or 
        in part, in a mitigation bank.''.
SEC. 2610. LESSER PRAIRIE-CHICKEN CONSERVATION REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report containing 
the results of a review and analysis of each of the activities 
(including those administered by the Secretary) that pertain to the 
conservation of the lesser prairie-chicken, including the conservation 
reserve program, the environmental quality incentives program, the 
Lesser Prairie-Chicken Initiative, the Western Association of Fish and 
Wildlife Agencies Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances for 
Oil and Gas, and

[[Page 128 STAT. 762]]

the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies Lesser Prairie-
Chicken Range-Wide Conservation Plan.
    (b) Contents.--The Secretary shall include in the report required by 
this section, at a minimum--
            (1) with respect to each activity described in subsection 
        (a) as it relates to the conservation of the lesser prairie-
        chicken, findings regarding--
                    (A) the cost of the activity to the Federal 
                Government, impacted State governments, and the private 
                sector;
                    (B) the conservation effectiveness of the activity; 
                and
                    (C) the cost effectiveness of the activity; and
            (2) a ranking of the activities described in subsection (a) 
        based on their relative cost effectiveness.
SEC. 2611. HIGHLY ERODIBLE LAND AND WETLAND CONSERVATION FOR CROP 
                          INSURANCE.

    (a) Highly Erodible Land Program Ineligibility.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1211(a)(1) of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by adding ``or'' at the 
                end; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) any portion of the premium paid by the Federal 
                Crop Insurance Corporation for a policy or plan of 
                insurance under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
                1501 et seq.), on the condition that if a person is 
                determined to have committed a violation under this 
                subsection during a crop year, ineligibility under this 
                subparagraph shall--
                          ``(i) only apply to reinsurance years 
                      subsequent to the date of final determination of a 
                      violation, including all administrative appeals; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) not apply to the existing reinsurance 
                      year or any reinsurance year prior to the date of 
                      final determination;''.
            (2) Exemptions.--Section 1212(a)(2) of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3812(a)(2)) is amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``(2) If,'' 
                and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Eligibility based on compliance with conservation 
        plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If,'';
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``In 
                carrying'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Minimization of documentation.--In carrying''; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Crop insurance.--
                          ``(i) Operations new to compliance.--
                      Notwithstanding section 1211(a), in the case of a 
                      person that is subject to section 1211 for the 
                      first time solely due to the amendment made by 
                      section 2611(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
                      any person who produces an agricultural commodity 
                      on the land that is the basis of the payments 
                      described in section 1211(a)(1)(E) shall have 5 
                      reinsurance years after the date on which such 
                      payments become subject to section 1211 to develop

[[Page 128 STAT. 763]]

                      and comply with an approved conservation plan so 
                      as to maintain eligibility for such payments.
                          ``(ii) Existing operations with prior 
                      violations.--Notwithstanding section 1211(a), in 
                      the case of a person that the Secretary determines 
                      would have been in violation of section 1211(a) if 
                      the person had continued participation in the 
                      programs requiring compliance at any time after 
                      the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
                      2014 and is currently in violation of section 
                      1211(a), the person shall have 2 reinsurance years 
                      after the date on which the payments described in 
                      section 1211(a)(1)(E) become subject to section 
                      1211 to develop and comply with an approved 
                      conservation plan, as determined by the Secretary, 
                      so as to maintain eligibility for such payments.
                          ``(iii) Applicable reinsurance year.--
                      Ineligibility for the payment described in section 
                      1211(a)(1)(E) for a violation under this 
                      subparagraph during a crop year shall--
                                    ``(I) only apply to reinsurance 
                                years subsequent to the date of a final 
                                determination of a violation, including 
                                all administrative appeals; and
                                    ``(II) not apply to the existing 
                                reinsurance year or any reinsurance year 
                                prior to the date of the final 
                                determination.''.
            (3) Crop insurance premium assistance.--Section 1213(d) of 
        the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3812a(d)) is amended by 
        adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Crop insurance premium assistance.--For the purpose of 
        determining the eligibility of a person for the payment 
        described in section 1211(a)(1)(E), the Secretary shall apply 
        the procedures described in section 1221(c)(3)(E) and coordinate 
        the certification process so as to avoid duplication or 
        unnecessary paperwork.''.

    (b) Wetland Conservation Program Ineligibility.--Section 1221 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3821) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as 
        subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

    ``(c) Ineligibility for Crop Insurance Premium Assistance.--
            ``(1) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If a person is determined to have 
                committed a violation under subsection (a) or (d) during 
                a crop year, the person shall be ineligible to receive 
                any payment of any portion of premium paid by the 
                Federal Crop Insurance Corporation for a plan or policy 
                of insurance under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
                U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) pursuant to this subsection.
                    ``(B) Applicability.--Ineligibility under this 
                subsection shall--
                          ``(i) only apply to reinsurance years 
                      subsequent to the date of a final determination of 
                      a violation, including all administrative appeals; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) not apply to the existing reinsurance 
                      year or any reinsurance year prior to the date of 
                      the final determination.

[[Page 128 STAT. 764]]

            ``(2) Conversions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), 
                ineligibility for crop insurance premium assistance 
                shall apply in accordance with this paragraph.
                    ``(B) New conversions.--In the case of a wetland 
                that the Secretary determines was converted after the 
                date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014--
                          ``(i) the person shall be ineligible to 
                      receive crop insurance premium subsidies in 
                      subsequent reinsurance years unless the Secretary 
                      determines that an exemption pursuant to section 
                      1222 applies; or
                          ``(ii) for any violation that the Secretary 
                      determines impacts less than 5 acres of an entire 
                      farm, the person may pay a contribution in an 
                      amount equal to 150 percent of the cost of 
                      mitigation, as determined by the Secretary, to the 
                      fund described in section 1241(f) for wetland 
                      restoration in lieu of ineligibility to receive 
                      crop insurance premium assistance.
                    ``(C) Prior conversions.--In the case of a wetland 
                that the Secretary determines was converted prior to the 
                date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
                ineligibility under this subsection shall not apply.
                    ``(D) Conversions and new policies or plans of 
                insurance.--In the case of an agricultural commodity for 
                which an individual policy or plan of insurance is 
                available for the first time to the person after the 
                date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014--
                          ``(i) ineligibility shall apply only to 
                      conversions that take place after the date on 
                      which the policy or plan of insurance first 
                      becomes available to the person; and
                          ``(ii) the person shall take such steps as the 
                      Secretary determines appropriate to mitigate any 
                      prior conversion in a timely manner but not to 
                      exceed 2 reinsurance years.
            ``(3) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) Mitigation required.--Except as otherwise 
                provided in this paragraph, a person subject to a final 
                determination, including all administrative appeals, of 
                a violation described in subsection (d) shall have 1 
                reinsurance year to initiate a mitigation plan to remedy 
                the violation, as determined by the Secretary, before 
                becoming ineligible under this subsection in the 
                following reinsurance year to receive any payment of any 
                portion of the premium paid by the Federal Crop 
                Insurance Corporation for a policy or plan of insurance 
                under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et 
                seq.).
                    ``(B) Persons covered for the first time.--
                Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (1), in 
                the case of a person that is subject to this subsection 
                for the first time solely due to the amendment made by 
                section 2611(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the 
                person shall have 2 reinsurance years after the 
                reinsurance year in which a final determination is made, 
                including all administrative appeals, of a violation 
                described in this subsection to take such steps as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate to remedy or mitigate 
                the violation in accordance with this subsection.

[[Page 128 STAT. 765]]

                    ``(C) Good faith.--If the Secretary determines that 
                a person subject to a final determination, including all 
                administrative appeals, of a violation described in this 
                subsection acted in good faith and without intent to 
                commit a violation described in this subsection as 
                described in section 1222(h), the person shall have 2 
                reinsurance years to take such steps as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate to remedy or mitigate the 
                violation in accordance with this subsection.
                    ``(D) Tenant relief.--
                          ``(i) In general.--If a tenant is determined 
                      to be ineligible for payments and other benefits 
                      under this subsection, the Secretary may limit the 
                      ineligibility only to the farm that is the basis 
                      for the ineligibility determination if the tenant 
                      has established, to the satisfaction of the 
                      Secretary that--
                                    ``(I) the tenant has made a good 
                                faith effort to meet the requirements of 
                                this section, including enlisting the 
                                assistance of the Secretary to obtain a 
                                reasonable plan for restoration or 
                                mitigation for the farm;
                                    ``(II) the landlord on the farm 
                                refuses to comply with the plan on the 
                                farm; and
                                    ``(III) the Secretary determines 
                                that the lack of compliance is not a 
                                part of a scheme or device to avoid the 
                                compliance.
                          ``(ii) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to 
                      the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                      Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                      Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an annual 
                      report concerning the ineligibility determinations 
                      limited during the previous 12-month period under 
                      this subparagraph.
                    ``(E) Certificate of compliance.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Beginning with the first 
                      full reinsurance year immediately following the 
                      date of enactment of this paragraph, all persons 
                      seeking eligibility for the payment of a portion 
                      of the premium paid by the Federal Crop Insurance 
                      Corporation for a policy or plan of insurance 
                      under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
                      1501 et seq.) shall provide certification of 
                      compliance with this section as determined by the 
                      Secretary.
                          ``(ii) Timely evaluation.--The Secretary shall 
                      evaluate the certification in a timely manner 
                      and--
                                    ``(I) a person who has properly 
                                complied with certification shall be 
                                held harmless with regard to eligibility 
                                during the period of evaluation; and
                                    ``(II) if the Secretary fails to 
                                evaluate the certification in a timely 
                                manner and the person is subsequently 
                                found to be in violation of this 
                                subsection, ineligibility shall not 
                                apply to the person for that violation.
                          ``(iii) Equitable contribution.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--If a person fails 
                                to notify the Secretary as required and 
                                is subsequently found to be in violation 
                                of this subsection, the Secretary 
                                shall--

[[Page 128 STAT. 766]]

                                            ``(aa) determine the amount 
                                        of an equitable contribution to 
                                        conservation by the person for 
                                        the violation; and
                                            ``(bb) deposit the 
                                        contribution in the fund 
                                        described in section 1241(f).
                                    ``(II) Limitation.--The contribution 
                                shall not exceed the total of the 
                                portion of the premium paid by the 
                                Federal Crop Insurance Corporation for a 
                                policy or plan of insurance for all 
                                years the person is determined to have 
                                been in violation subsequent to the date 
                                on which certification was first 
                                required under this subparagraph.
            ``(4) Duties of the secretary.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this subsection, 
                the Secretary shall use existing processes and 
                procedures for certifying compliance.
                    ``(B) Responsibility.--The Secretary, acting through 
                the agencies of the Department of Agriculture, shall be 
                solely responsible for determining whether a producer is 
                eligible to receive crop insurance premium subsidies in 
                accordance with this subsection.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
                no agent, approved insurance provider, or employee or 
                contractor of an agency or approved insurance provider, 
                bears responsibility or liability for the eligibility of 
                an insured producer under this subsection, other than in 
                cases of misrepresentation, fraud, or scheme and 
                device.''.

 Subtitle H--Repeal of Superseded Program Authorities and Transitional 
                    Provisions; Technical Amendments

SEC. 2701. COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 1230 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3830) is 
repealed.
SEC. 2702. EMERGENCY FORESTRY CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: 16 USC 3831 note.>>  Repeal.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), section 1231A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831a) is repealed.

    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The 
        amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
        terms of any contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary 
        of Agriculture under section 1231A of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831a) before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds made available to 
        carry out the conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
        chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) to continue to carry out

[[Page 128 STAT. 767]]

        contracts or agreements referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
        provisions of law and regulation applicable to such contracts or 
        agreements as in existence on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2703. WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), subchapter C of 
chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 <<NOTE: 16 USC 3837 and note, 3837a-3837f.>> (16 U.S.C. 3837 et 
seq.) is repealed.

    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and 
        easements.--The amendment made by this section shall not affect 
        the validity or terms of any contract, agreement, or easement 
        entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter C 
        of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3837 et seq.) before the date of enactment of 
        the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be 
        made in connection with the contract, agreement, or easement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the 
                repeal of subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3837 et seq.), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the wetlands 
                reserve program under that subchapter for fiscal years 
                2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry out 
                contracts, agreements, or easements referred to in 
                paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to the date 
                of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including 
                the provision of technical assistance), provided that no 
                such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as 
                to increase the amount of the payment received.
                    (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds made 
                available to carry out the agricultural conservation 
                easement program under subtitle H of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2301, to 
                continue to carry out contracts, agreements, and 
                easements referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to such 
                contracts, agreements, and easements as in existence on 
                the day before the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
                Act of 2014.
SEC. 2704. FARMLAND PROTECTION PROGRAM AND FARM VIABILITY PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), subchapter C of 
chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 <<NOTE: 16 USC 3838h and note, 3838i, 3838j.>> (16 U.S.C. 3838h et 
seq.) is repealed.

    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing agreements and easements.--The 
        amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
        terms of any agreement or easement entered into by the Secretary 
        of Agriculture under subchapter C of chapter 2 of subtitle D of 
        title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838h et 
        seq.) before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014, or any payments required to be made in connection with the 
        agreement or easement.
            (2) Funding.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 768]]

                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the 
                repeal of subchapter C of chapter 2 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3838h et seq.), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the farmland 
                protection program under that subchapter for fiscal 
                years 2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry 
                out agreements and easements referred to in paragraph 
                (1) that were entered into prior to the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including the 
                provision of technical assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made 
                available to carry out the agricultural conservation 
                easement program under subtitle H of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2301, to 
                continue to carry out agreements and easements referred 
                to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of law and 
                regulation applicable to such agreements and easements 
                as in existence on the day before the date of enactment 
                of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2705. GRASSLAND RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), subchapter D of 
chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 <<NOTE: 16 USC 3838n and note, 3838o-3838q.>> (16 U.S.C. 3838n et 
seq.) is repealed.

    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and 
        easements.--The amendment made by this section shall not affect 
        the validity or terms of any contract, agreement, or easement 
        entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under subchapter D 
        of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838n et seq.) before the date of enactment 
        of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be 
        made in connection with the contract, agreement, or easement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the 
                repeal of subchapter D of chapter 2 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3838n et seq.), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the grassland 
                reserve program under that subchapter for fiscal years 
                2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry out 
                contracts, agreements, or easements referred to in 
                paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to the date 
                of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including 
                the provision of technical assistance), provided that no 
                such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as 
                to increase the amount of the payment received.
                    (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds made 
                available to carry out the agricultural conservation 
                easement program under subtitle H of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2301, to 
                continue to carry out contracts, agreements, and 
                easements referred

[[Page 128 STAT. 769]]

                to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of law and 
                regulation applicable to such contracts, agreements, and 
                easements as in existence on the day before the date of 
                enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2706. AGRICULTURAL WATER ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: 16 USC 3839aa-9 note.>>  Repeal.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839aa-9) is repealed.

    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The 
        amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
        terms of any contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary 
        of Agriculture under section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-9) before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the 
                repeal of section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 
                (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-9), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                agricultural water enhancement program under that 
                section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be made 
                available to carry out contracts and agreements referred 
                to in paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to the 
                date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
                (including the provision of technical assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made 
                available to carry out the regional conservation 
                partnership program under subtitle I of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2401, to 
                continue to carry out contracts and agreements referred 
                to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of law and 
                regulation applicable to such contracts and agreements 
                as in existence on the day before the date of enactment 
                of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2707. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3839bb-1 note.>>  WILDLIFE HABITAT 
                          INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 1240N of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-1) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The 
        amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
        terms of any contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary 
        of Agriculture under section 1240N of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-1) before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the 
                repeal of section 1240N of the Food Security Act of 1985 
                (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-1), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the wildlife 
                habitat incentive program under that section for fiscal

[[Page 128 STAT. 770]]

                years 2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry 
                out contracts or agreements referred to in paragraph (1) 
                which were entered into prior to the date of enactment 
                of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including the provision 
                of technical assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made 
                available to carry out the environmental quality 
                incentives program under chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
                title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
                3839aa et seq.) to continue to carry out contracts or 
                agreements referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to such 
                contracts or agreements as in existence on the day 
                before the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 
                2014.
SEC. 2708. GREAT LAKES BASIN PROGRAM.

    Section 1240P of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-3) 
is repealed.
SEC. 2709. CHESAPEAKE BAY WATERSHED PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: 16 USC 3839bb-4 note.>>  Repeal.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), section 1240Q of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839bb-4) is repealed.

    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
            (1) Effect on existing contracts, agreements, and 
        easements.--The amendment made by this section shall not affect 
        the validity or terms of any contract, agreement, or easement 
        entered into by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 1240Q 
        of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-4) before the 
        date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, or any 
        payments required to be made in connection with the contract, 
        agreement, or easement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the 
                repeal of section 1240Q of the Food Security Act of 1985 
                (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-4), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the Chesapeake 
                Bay watershed program under that section for fiscal 
                years 2009 through 2013 shall be made available to carry 
                out contracts, agreements, and easements referred to in 
                paragraph (1) that were entered into prior to the date 
                of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (including 
                the provision of technical assistance).
                    (B) Other.--The Secretary may use funds made 
                available to carry out the regional conservation 
                partnership program under subtitle I of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2401, to 
                continue to carry out contracts, agreements, and 
                easements referred to in paragraph (1) using the 
                provisions of law and regulation applicable to such 
                contracts, agreements, and easements as in existence on 
                the day before the date of enactment of the Agricultural 
                Act of 2014.
SEC. 2710. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3843 note.>>  COOPERATIVE CONSERVATION 
                          PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE.

    (a) Repeal.--Except as provided in subsection (b), section 1243 of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843) is repealed.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 771]]

            (1) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The 
        amendment made by this section shall not affect the validity or 
        terms of any contract or agreement entered into by the Secretary 
        of Agriculture under section 1243 of the Food Security Act of 
        1985 (16 U.S.C. 3843) before the date of enactment of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014, or any payments required to be made in 
        connection with the contract or agreement.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) Use of prior year funds.--Notwithstanding the 
                repeal of section 1243 of the Food Security Act of 1985 
                (16 U.S.C. 3843), any funds made available from the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out the 
                cooperative conservation partnership initiative under 
                that section for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 shall be 
                made available to carry out contracts and agreements 
                referred to in paragraph (1) that were entered into 
                prior to the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act 
                of 2014 (including the provision of technical 
                assistance).
                    (B) Other.--On exhaustion of funds made available 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use funds made 
                available to carry out the regional conservation 
                partnership program under subtitle I of title XII of the 
                Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2401, to 
                continue to carry out contracts and agreements referred 
                to in paragraph (1) using the provisions of law and 
                regulation applicable to such contracts and agreements 
                as in existence on the day before the date of enactment 
                of the Agricultural Act of 2014.
SEC. 2711. ENVIRONMENTAL EASEMENT PROGRAM.

    Chapter 3 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 <<NOTE: 16 USC 3839-3839d. 16 USC 3801 note.>> (16 U.S.C. 3839 et 
seq.) is repealed.
SEC. 2712. TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATION OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Applicability.--This section is applicable to activities under--
            (1) the wetlands reserve program, the farmland protection 
        program, and the farm viability program being merged into the 
        agricultural conservation easement program under the amendment 
        made by section 2301;
            (2) the wildlife habitat incentive program being merged into 
        the environmental quality incentives program under the 
        amendments made by subtitle C;
            (3) the agricultural water enhancement program, the 
        Chesapeake Bay watershed program, the cooperative conservation 
        partnership initiative, and the Great Lakes basin program being 
        merged into the regional conservation partnership program under 
        the amendment made by section 2401; and
            (4) the grassland reserve program being merged into the 
        conservation reserve program under the amendments made by 
        subtitle A and into the agricultural conservation easement 
        program under the amendment made by section 2301.

    (b) Interim Administration.--Subject to subsection (d), with respect 
to the implementation of the agricultural conservation easement program 
under subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985, as added 
by section 2301, the amendments to the environmental quality incentives 
program made by subtitle C, the

[[Page 128 STAT. 772]]

regional conservation partnership program under subtitle I of title XII 
of the Food Security Act of 1985, as added by section 2401, and the 
amendments to the conservation reserve program made by subtitle A, the 
Secretary shall use the regulations in existence as of the day before 
the date of enactment of this Act that are applicable to the wetlands 
reserve program, the grassland reserve program, the farmland protection 
program, the farm viability program, the wildlife habitat incentive 
program, the agricultural water enhancement program, the Chesapeake Bay 
watershed program, the cooperative conservation partnership initiative, 
and the Great Lakes basin program repealed by this subtitle, to the 
extent that the terms and conditions of such regulations are consistent 
with--
            (1) the provisions of the agricultural conservation easement 
        program and the regional conservation partnership program; and
            (2) the amendments to the environmental quality incentives 
        program and the conservation reserve program made by this title.

    (c) Funding.--The Secretary may only use funds authorized in this 
title or in the amendments made by this title for the specific programs 
listed in subsection (b), including any restrictions on the use of those 
funds, for the purposes identified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
subsection (b).
    (d) Termination of Authority.--The authority of the Secretary to 
carry out subsection (b) shall terminate on the date that is 270 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (e) Permanent Administration.--Effective beginning on the 
termination date described in subsection (d), the Secretary shall 
provide technical assistance, financial assistance, and easement 
enrollment in accordance with any final regulations that the Secretary 
considers necessary to carry out this title and the amendments made by 
this title.
SEC. 2713. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 1201(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3801(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``E'' and inserting ``I''.
    (b) Program Ineligibility.--Section 1211(a) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)) is amended by striking ``predominate'' each 
place it appears and inserting ``predominant''.
    (c) Specialty Crop Producers.--Section 1242(i) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(i)) is amended in the header by striking 
``Speciality'' and inserting ``Specialty''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3001. GENERAL AUTHORITY.

    Section 201 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1721) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``(to be implemented by the Administrator)'' after ``under this 
        title''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (7) and the second sentence and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:

[[Page 128 STAT. 773]]

            ``(7) build resilience to mitigate and prevent food crises 
        and reduce the future need for emergency aid.''.
SEC. 3002. SET-ASIDE FOR SUPPORT FOR ORGANIZATIONS THROUGH WHICH 
                          NONEMERGENCY ASSISTANCE IS PROVIDED.

    Section 202(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(e)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``13 percent'' and inserting ``20 percent'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``new'' and 
                inserting ``and enhancing'';
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (B);
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (D); and
                    (E) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(B) meeting specific administrative, management, 
                personnel, transportation, storage, and distribution 
                costs for carrying out programs in foreign countries 
                under this title;
                    ``(C) implementing income-generating, community 
                development, health, nutrition, cooperative development, 
                agricultural, and other developmental activities within 
                1 or more recipient countries or within 1 or more 
                countries in the same region; and''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Investment authority.--An eligible organization that 
        receives funds made available under paragraph (1) may invest the 
        funds pending the eligible organization's use of the funds. Any 
        interest earned on such investment may be used for the purposes 
        for which the assistance was provided to the eligible 
        organization without further appropriation by Congress.''.
SEC. 3003. FOOD AID QUALITY.

    Section 202(h) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(h)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall use funds made 
        available for fiscal year 2014 and subsequent fiscal years to 
        carry out this title--
                    ``(A) to assess the types and quality of 
                agricultural commodities and products donated for food 
                aid;
                    ``(B) to adjust products and formulations, including 
                potential introduction of new fortificants and products, 
                as necessary to cost-effectively meet nutrient needs of 
                target populations;
                    ``(C) to test prototypes;
                    ``(D) to adopt new specifications or improve 
                existing specifications for micronutrient fortified food 
                aid products, based on the latest developments in food 
                and nutrition science, and in coordination with other 
                international partners;
                    ``(E) to develop new program guidance to facilitate 
                improved matching of products to purposes having 
                nutritional intent, in coordination with other 
                international partners;

[[Page 128 STAT. 774]]

                    ``(F) to develop improved guidance for implementing 
                partners on how to address nutritional deficiencies that 
                emerge among recipients for whom food assistance is the 
                sole source of diet in emergency programs that extend 
                beyond 1 year, in coordination with other international 
                partners; and
                    ``(G) to evaluate, in appropriate settings and as 
                necessary, the performance and cost-effectiveness of new 
                or modified specialized food products and program 
                approaches designed to meet the nutritional needs of the 
                most vulnerable groups, such as pregnant and lactating 
                mothers, and children under the age of 5.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``fiscal years 2009 
        through 2011'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 3004. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.

    Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
SEC. 3005. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.

    (a) Membership.--Section 205(b) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1725(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (6);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(7) representatives from the United States agricultural 
        processing sector involved in providing agricultural commodities 
        for programs under this Act; and''.

    (b) Consultation.--Section 205(d) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1725(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking the first sentence and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Consultation in advance of issuance of implementation 
        regulations, handbooks, and guidelines.--Not later than 45 days 
        before a proposed regulation, handbook, or guideline 
        implementing this title, or a proposed significant revision to a 
        regulation, handbook, or guideline implementing this title, 
        becomes final, the Administrator shall provide the proposal to 
        the Group for review and comment.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Consultation regarding food aid quality efforts.--The 
        Administrator shall seek input from and consult with the Group 
        on the implementation of section 202(h).''.

    (c) Reauthorization.--Section 205(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 
U.S.C. 1725(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3006. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.

    (a) Regulations and Guidance.--Section 207(c) of the Food for Peace 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and Guidance'' 
        after ``Regulations'';

[[Page 128 STAT. 775]]

            (2) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Administrator 
        shall issue all regulations and revisions to agency guidance 
        necessary to implement the amendments made to this title by such 
        Act.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and guidance'' after 
        ``develop regulations''.

    (b) Funding.--Section 207(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1726a(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(F), by striking ``upgraded'' and 
        inserting ``maintenance of'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$22,000,000'' 
                and all that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``$17,000,000 of the funds made available 
                under this title for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
                2018, except for paragraph (2)(F), for which not more 
                than $500,000 shall be made available for each of the 
                fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ``2012'' and 
                inserting ``2018''.

    (c) Implementation Reports.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Agency for 
International Development shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committees on Agriculture 
and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report 
describing--
            (1) the implementation of section 207(c) of the Food for 
        Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c));
            (2) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, and audit 
        requirements for programs conducted under title II of such Act 
        (7 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.) by an eligible organization that is a 
        nongovernmental organization (as such term is defined in section 
        402 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1732)); and
            (3) the surveys, studies, monitoring, reporting, and audit 
        requirements for such programs by an eligible organization that 
        is an intergovernmental organization, such as the World Food 
        Program or other multilateral organization.
SEC. 3007. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
                          DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-
                          STABLE PREPACKAGED FOODS.

    Section 208(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b(f)) is 
amended by striking ``$8,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 
2012'' and inserting ``$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018''.
SEC. 3008. IMPACT ON LOCAL FARMERS AND ECONOMY AND REPORT ON USE 
                          OF FUNDS.

    (a) Impact on Local Farmers and Economy.--Section 403(b) of the Food 
for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``The Secretary or the Administrator, as 
appropriate, shall seek information, as part of the regular proposal and 
submission process, from implementing

[[Page 128 STAT. 776]]

agencies on the potential costs and benefits to the local economy of 
sales of agricultural commodities within the recipient country.''.
    (b) Report on Use of Funds.--Section 403 of the Food for Peace Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1733) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(m) Report on Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, and 
        annually thereafter, the Administrator shall submit to Congress 
        a report that--
                    ``(A) specifies the amount of funds (including funds 
                for administrative costs, indirect cost recovery, 
                internal transportation, storage, and handling, and 
                associated distribution costs) provided to each eligible 
                organization that received assistance under this Act in 
                the previous fiscal year;
                    ``(B) describes how those funds were used by the 
                eligible organization;
                    ``(C) describes the actual rate of return for each 
                commodity made available under this Act, including--
                          ``(i) factors that influenced the rate of 
                      return; and
                          ``(ii) for the commodity, the costs of bagging 
                      or further processing, ocean transportation, 
                      inland transportation in the recipient country, 
                      storage costs, and any other information that the 
                      Administrator determines to be necessary; and
                    ``(D) for each instance in which a commodity was 
                made available under this Act at a rate of return less 
                than 70 percent, describes the reasons for the rate of 
                return realized.
            ``(2) Rate of return described.--For purposes of applying 
        paragraph (1)(C), the rate of return for a commodity shall be 
        equal to the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the proceeds the implementing partners 
                generate through monetization; bears to
                    ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to procure 
                and ship the commodity to a recipient country for 
                monetization.''.
SEC. 3009. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.

    Section 407(c)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736a(c)(4)) 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
                    (B) by striking ``for each such fiscal year not more 
                than $10,000,000 of such funds'' and inserting ``for 
                each of fiscal years 2001 through 2013 not more than 
                $10,000,000 of such funds and for each of fiscal years 
                2014 through 2018 not more than $15,000,000 of such 
                funds''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following 
        new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Additional prepositioning sites.--The 
                Administrator may establish additional sites for 
                prepositioning in foreign countries or change the 
                location of current sites for prepositioning in foreign 
                countries after conducting,

[[Page 128 STAT. 777]]

                and based on the results of, assessments of need, the 
                availability of appropriate technology for long-term 
                storage, feasibility, and cost.''.
SEC. 3010. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND 
                          ACTIVITIES.

    Section 407(f)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736a(f)(1)) 
is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``agricultural 
        trade'' and inserting ``food aid'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by inserting before the 
        semicolon at the end the following: ``and the total number of 
        beneficiaries of the project and the activities carried out 
        through such project''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B)(iii)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subclause (I), by 
                inserting ``, and the total number of beneficiaries 
                in,'' after ``commodities made available to'';
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of subclause (I);
                    (C) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subclause 
                (II); and
                    (D) by inserting after subclause (II) the following 
                new subclause:
                                    ``(III) the McGovern-Dole 
                                International Food for Education and 
                                Child Nutrition Program established by 
                                section 3107 of the Farm Security and 
                                Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
                                1736o-1);''.
SEC. 3011. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE 
                          OTHER ASSISTANCE.

    Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3012. MINIMUM LEVEL OF NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    Subsection (e) of section 412 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), of the amounts 
        made available to carry out emergency and nonemergency food 
        assistance programs under title II, not less than 20 nor more 
        than 30 percent for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall 
        be expended for nonemergency food assistance programs under 
        title II.
            ``(2) Minimum level.--The amount made available to carry out 
        nonemergency food assistance programs under title II shall not 
        be less than $350,000,000 for any fiscal year.''.
SEC. 3013. MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Elimination of Obsolete Reference to Study.--Section 
415(a)(2)(B) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-2(a)(2)(B)) is 
amended by striking ``, using recommendations'' and all that follows 
through ``quality enhancements''.
    (b) Extension.--Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736g-2(c)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 778]]

SEC. 3014. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER 
                          PROGRAM.

    (a) Funding and Reauthorization of Program.--Section 501 of the Food 
for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2013, and not less 
        than the greater of $15,000,000 or 0.6 percent of the amounts 
        made available for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018,''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

    (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 270 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to Congress a report that contains--
            (1) a review of the John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-
        to-Farmer Program authorized by section 501 of the Food for 
        Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737); and
            (2) recommendations relating to actions that the Comptroller 
        General determines to be necessary to improve the monitoring and 
        evaluation of assistance provided under such program.
SEC. 3015. COORDINATION OF FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS REPORT.

    Section 413 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--To the maximum'' and 
        inserting ``To the maximum''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3101. EXPORT CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    (a) Short-Term Credit Guarantees.--Section 202 of the Agricultural 
Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5622) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``3-year'' and inserting 
        ``24-month'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``country'' and inserting 
        ``obligor'';
            (3) by striking subsection (i);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (j) and (k) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectfully; and
            (5) in subsection (j)(2) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B);
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (E) 
                as subparagraphs (A) through (C), respectfully;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (D) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated)--
                          (i) by striking ``, but do not exceed,''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                      inserting ``; and''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(D) notwithstanding any other provision of this 
                section, administer and carry out (only after consulting 
                with

[[Page 128 STAT. 779]]

                the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition and Forestry of the Senate) the program 
                pursuant to such terms as may be agreed between the 
                parties to address the World Trade Organization dispute 
                WTO/DS267 to the extent not superseded by any applicable 
                international undertakings on officially supported 
                export credits to which the United States is a party.''.

    (b) Funding.--Subsection (b) of section 211 of the Agricultural 
Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Export Credit Guarantee Program.--The Commodity Credit 
Corporation shall make available for each fiscal year $5,500,000,000 of 
credit guarantees under section 202(a).''.
SEC. 3102. FUNDING FOR MARKET ACCESS PROGRAM.

    Section 211(c)(1)(A) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
5641(c)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3103. FOREIGN MARKET DEVELOPMENT COOPERATOR PROGRAM.

    Section 703(a) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
5723(a)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

                Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3201. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.

    (a) Extension.--The Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018'';
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018'';
            (3) in subsection (k), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (4) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

    (b) Repeal of Completed Project.--Subsection (f) of the Food for 
Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) is amended by striking paragraph 
(6).
SEC. 3202. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.

    Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``2012'' both 
        places it appears and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2012'' both places it 
        appears and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3203. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.

    (a) Direct Credits or Export Credit Guarantees.--Section 1542(a) of 
the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 
101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Development of Agricultural Systems.--Section 1542(d)(1)(A)(i) 
of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade

[[Page 128 STAT. 780]]

Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 7 U.S.C. 5622 note) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 3204. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND 
                          CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    (a) Reauthorization.--Section 3107(l)(2) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(l)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 3107(d) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1(d)) is amended by 
striking ``to'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1).
SEC. 3205. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR SPECIALTY CROPS.

    (a) Purpose.--Section 3205(b) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(b)) is amended by striking 
``related barriers to trade'' and inserting ``technical barriers to 
trade''.
    (b) Funding.--Section 3205(e)(2) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680(e)(2)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C); and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (E) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 
                through 2018.''.

    (c) U.S. Atlantic Spiny Dogfish Study.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct an 
economic study on the existing market in the United States for U.S. 
Atlantic Spiny Dogfish.
SEC. 3206. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.

    Section 3202(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 22 U.S.C. 2220a note) is amended by striking ``2008 
through 2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 3207. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.

    Section 3206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 1726c) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``(b) Study; Field-Based Projects.--
                '' and all that follows through ``(2) Field-based 
                projects.--'' and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Field-Based Projects.--'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``subparagraph (B)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (2)''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``subparagraph (A)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (1)'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (b)'';
            (3) by striking subsections (d), (f), and (g);
            (4) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
            (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraph (B); and

[[Page 128 STAT. 781]]

                          (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(A) Application.--
                                '' and all that follows through ``To be 
                                eligible'' in clause (i) and inserting 
                                the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible'';
                                    (II) by redesignating clause (ii) as 
                                subparagraph (B) and indenting 
                                appropriately; and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (B) (as so 
                                redesignated), by striking ``clause 
                                (i)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
                                (A)''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4); and
            (6) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $80,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Preference.--In carrying out this section, the 
        Secretary may give a preference to eligible organizations that 
        have, or are working toward, projects under the McGovern-Dole 
        International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program 
        established under section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural 
        Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1).
            ``(3) Reporting.--Each year, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress a report that describes 
        the use of funds under this section, including--
                    ``(A) the impact of procurements and projects on--
                          ``(i) local and regional agricultural 
                      producers; and
                          ``(ii) markets and consumers, including low-
                      income consumers; and
                    ``(B) implementation time frames and costs.''.
SEC. 3208. <<NOTE: 7 USC 6935.>>  UNDER SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE 
                          FOR TRADE AND FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL 
                          AFFAIRS.

    (a) Definition of Agriculture Committees and Subcommittees.--In this 
section, the term ``agriculture committees and subcommittees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (2) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate; and
            (3) the subcommittees on agriculture, rural development, 
        food and drug administration, and related agencies of the 
        Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and 
        the Senate.

    (b) Proposal.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        agriculture committees and subcommittees, shall propose a 
        reorganization of international trade functions for imports and 
        exports of the Department of Agriculture.
            (2) Considerations.--In producing the proposal under this 
        section, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) in recognition of the importance of agricultural 
                exports to the farm economy and the economy as a whole, 
                include a plan for the establishment of an Under 
                Secretary of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign 
                Agricultural Affairs;

[[Page 128 STAT. 782]]

                    (B) take into consideration how the Under Secretary 
                described in subparagraph (A) would serve as a 
                multiagency coordinator of sanitary and phytosanitary 
                issues and nontariff trade barriers in agriculture with 
                respect to imports and exports of agricultural products; 
                and
                    (C) take into consideration all implications of a 
                reorganization described in paragraph (1) on domestic 
                programs and operations of the Department of 
                Agriculture.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act and before the reorganization described in 
        paragraph (1) can take effect, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        agriculture committees and subcommittees a report that--
                    (A) includes the results of the proposal under this 
                section; and
                    (B) provides a notice of the reorganization plan.
            (4) Implementation.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        the submission of the report under paragraph (3), the Secretary 
        shall implement a reorganization of international trade 
        functions for imports and exports of the Department of 
        Agriculture, including the establishment of an Under Secretary 
        of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs.

    (c) Confirmation Required.--The position of Under Secretary of 
Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs established under 
subsection (b)(2)(A) shall be appointed by the President, by and with 
the advice and consent of the Senate.

                           TITLE IV--NUTRITION

          Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4001. PREVENTING PAYMENT OF CASH TO RECIPIENTS OF 
                          SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
                          BENEFITS FOR THE RETURN OF EMPTY BOTTLES 
                          AND CANS USED TO CONTAIN FOOD PURCHASED 
                          WITH BENEFITS PROVIDED UNDER THE 
                          PROGRAM.

    Section 3(k)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2012(k)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and hot foods'' and inserting ``hot 
        foods''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``and any deposit 
        fee in excess of the amount of the State fee reimbursement (if 
        any) required to purchase any food or food product contained in 
        a returnable bottle or can, regardless of whether the fee is 
        included in the shelf price posted for the food or food 
        product,''.
SEC. 4002. RETAIL FOOD STORES.

    (a) Definition of Retail Food Store.--Section 3(p)(1)(A) of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(1)(A)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``at least 7'' after ``a variety of''; and
            (2) by striking ``at least 2'' and inserting ``at least 3''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 783]]

    (b) Alternative Benefit Delivery.--Section 7(f) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Imposition of costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall require 
                participating retail food stores (including restaurants 
                participating in a State option restaurant program 
                intended to serve the elderly, disabled, and homeless) 
                to pay 100 percent of the costs of acquiring, and 
                arrange for the implementation of, electronic benefit 
                transfer point-of-sale equipment and supplies, including 
                related services.
                    ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt from 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) farmers' markets and other direct-to-
                      consumer markets, military commissaries, nonprofit 
                      food buying cooperatives, and establishments, 
                      organizations, programs, or group living 
                      arrangements described in paragraphs (5), (7), and 
                      (8) of section 3(k); and
                          ``(ii) establishments described in paragraphs 
                      (3), (4), and (9) of section 3(k), other than 
                      restaurants participating in a State option 
                      restaurant program.
                    ``(C) Interchange fees.--Nothing in this paragraph 
                permits the charging of fees relating to the redemption 
                of supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits, 
                in accordance with subsection (h)(13).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Termination of manual vouchers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Effective beginning on the date 
                of enactment of this paragraph, except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), no State shall issue manual vouchers 
                to a household that receives supplemental nutrition 
                assistance under this Act or allow retail food stores to 
                accept manual vouchers as payment, unless the Secretary 
                determines that the manual vouchers are necessary, such 
                as in the event of an electronic benefit transfer system 
                failure or a disaster situation.
                    ``(B) Exemptions.--The Secretary may exempt 
                categories of retail food stores or individual retail 
                food stores from subparagraph (A) based on criteria 
                established by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Unique identification number required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To enhance the anti-fraud 
                protections of the program, the Secretary shall require 
                all parties providing electronic benefit transfer 
                services to provide for and maintain unique terminal 
                identification number information through the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program electronic 
                benefit transfer transaction routing system.
                    ``(B) Regulations.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not earlier than 2 years 
                      after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the 
                      Secretary shall issue proposed regulations to 
                      carry out this paragraph.
                          ``(ii) Commercial practices.--In issuing 
                      regulations to carry out this paragraph, the 
                      Secretary shall

[[Page 128 STAT. 784]]

                      consider existing commercial practices for other 
                      point-of-sale debit transactions.''.

    (c) Electronic Benefit Transfer Auditability.--Section 7(h)(2)(C) of 
the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(2)(C)) is amended 
by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following:
                          ``(ii) unless determined by the Secretary to 
                      be located in an area with significantly limited 
                      access to food, measures that require an 
                      electronic benefit transfer system--
                                    ``(I) to set and enforce sales 
                                restrictions based on benefit transfer 
                                payment eligibility by using scanning or 
                                product lookup entry; and
                                    ``(II) to deny benefit tenders for 
                                manually entered sales of ineligible 
                                items.''.

    (d) Electronic Benefit Transfers.--Section 7(h)(3)(B) of the Food 
and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(3)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``is operational--'' and all that follows through ``(ii) in the 
case of other participating stores,'' and inserting ``is operational''.
    (e) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food Concerns.--
Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), in the second sentence, by 
        striking ``; and (C)'' and inserting ``; (C) whether the 
        applicant is located in an area with significantly limited 
        access to food; and (D)'';
            (2) in subsection (c), in the first sentence, by inserting 
        ``purchase invoices, or program-related records,'' after 
        ``relevant income and sales tax filing documents,''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(g) EBT Service Requirement.--An approved retail food store shall 
provide adequate EBT service as described in section 7(h)(3)(B).''.
SEC. 4003. ENHANCING SERVICES TO ELDERLY AND DISABLED SUPPLEMENTAL 
                          NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM 
                          PARTICIPANTS.

    (a) Enhancing Services to Elderly and Disabled Program 
Participants.--Section 3(p) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2012(p)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) a governmental or private nonprofit food purchasing 
        and delivery service that--
                    ``(A) purchases food for, and delivers the food to, 
                individuals who are--
                          ``(i) unable to shop for food; and
                          ``(ii)(I) not less than 60 years of age; or
                          ``(II) physically or mentally handicapped or 
                      otherwise disabled;
                    ``(B) clearly notifies the participating household 
                at the time the household places a food order--
                          ``(i) of any delivery fee associated with the 
                      food purchase and delivery provided to the 
                      household by the service; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 785]]

                          ``(ii) that a delivery fee cannot be paid with 
                      benefits provided under supplemental nutrition 
                      assistance program; and
                    ``(C) sells food purchased for the household at the 
                price paid by the service for the food and without any 
                additional cost markup.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2012 note.>>  Implementation.--
            (1) Issuance of rules.--The Secretary shall issue 
        regulations that--
                    (A) establish criteria to identify a food purchasing 
                and delivery service referred to in section 3(p)(5) of 
                the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                2012(p)(5)); and
                    (B) establish procedures to ensure that the 
                service--
                          (i) does not charge more for a food item than 
                      the price paid by the service for the food item;
                          (ii) offers food delivery service at no or low 
                      cost to households under that Act;
                          (iii) ensures that benefits provided under the 
                      supplemental nutrition assistance program are used 
                      only to purchase food (as defined in section 3 of 
                      that Act (7 U.S.C. 2012));
                          (iv) limits the purchase of food, and the 
                      delivery of the food, to households eligible to 
                      receive services described in section 3(p)(5) of 
                      that Act (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(5));
                          (v) has established adequate safeguards 
                      against fraudulent activities, including 
                      unauthorized use of electronic benefit cards 
                      issued under that Act; and
                          (vi) meets such other requirements as the 
                      Secretary determines to be appropriate.
            (2) Limitation.--Before the issuance of rules under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may not approve more than 20 food 
        purchasing and delivery services referred to in section 3(p)(5) 
        of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(p)(5)) to 
        participate as retail food stores under the supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program.
SEC. 4004. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 4(b)(6)(F) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)(6)(F)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2013 note.>>  Feasibility Study, Report, and 
Demonstration Project for Indian Tribes.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Indian; indian tribe.--The terms ``Indian'' and 
                ``Indian tribe'' have the meaning given the terms in 
                section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
                Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
                    (B) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
                organization'' has the meaning given the term in section 
                4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
                Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
            (2) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study to determine 
        the feasibility of tribal administration of Federal food 
        assistance programs, services, functions, and activities (or 
        portions thereof), in lieu of State agencies or other 
        administrating entities.

[[Page 128 STAT. 786]]

            (3) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
        a report that--
                    (A) contains a list of programs, services, 
                functions, and activities with respect to which it would 
                be feasible to be administered by a tribal organization;
                    (B) a description of whether that administration 
                would necessitate a statutory or regulatory change; and
                    (C) such other issues that may be determined by the 
                Secretary and developed through consultation pursuant to 
                paragraph (4).
            (4) Consultation with indian tribes.--In developing the 
        report required by paragraph (3), the Secretary shall consult 
        with tribal organizations.
            (5) Funding.--Out of any funds made available under section 
        18 for fiscal year 2014, the Secretary shall make available to 
        carry out the study and report described in paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) $1,000,000, to remain available until expended.
            (6) Traditional and local foods demonstration project.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
                appropriations, the Secretary shall pilot a 
                demonstration project by awarding a grant to 1 or more 
                tribal organizations authorized to administer the food 
                distribution program on Indian reservations under 
                section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 2013(b)) for the purpose of purchasing nutritious 
                and traditional foods, and when practicable, foods 
                produced locally by Indian producers, for distribution 
                to recipients of foods distributed under that program.
                    (B) Administration.--The Secretary may award a grant 
                on a noncompetitive basis to 1 or more tribal 
                organizations that have the administrative and financial 
                capability to conduct a demonstration project, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    (C) Consultation, technical assistance, and 
                training.--During the implementation phase of the 
                demonstration project, the Secretary shall consult with 
                Indian tribes and provide outreach to Indian farmers, 
                ranchers, and producers regarding the training and 
                capacity to participate in the demonstration project.
                    (D) Funding.--
                          (i) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                      authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
                      section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                      through 2018.
                          (ii) Relationship to other authorities.--The 
                      funds and authorities provided under this 
                      subparagraph are in addition to any other funds or 
                      authorities the Secretary may have to carry out 
                      activities described in this paragraph.
SEC. 4005. EXCLUSION OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA FROM EXCESS MEDICAL 
                          EXPENSE DEDUCTION.

    Section 5(e)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(e)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 787]]

                    ``(C) Exclusion of medical marijuana.--The Secretary 
                shall promulgate rules to ensure that medical marijuana 
                is not treated as a medical expense for purposes of this 
                paragraph.''.
SEC. 4006. STANDARD UTILITY ALLOWANCES BASED ON THE RECEIPT OF 
                          ENERGY ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS.

    (a) Standard Utility Allowances in the Supplemental Nutrition 
Assistance Program.--Section 5(e)(6)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(C)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``, subject to clause (iv)'' 
        after ``Secretary''; and
            (2) in clause (iv), by striking subclause (I) and inserting 
        the following:
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), if a State agency elects 
                                to use a standard utility allowance that 
                                reflects heating and cooling costs, the 
                                standard utility allowance shall be made 
                                available to households that received a 
                                payment, or on behalf of which a payment 
                                was made, under the Low-Income Home 
                                Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 
                                8621 et seq.) or other similar energy 
                                assistance program, if in the current 
                                month or in the immediately preceding 12 
                                months, the household either received 
                                such a payment, or such a payment was 
                                made on behalf of the household, that 
                                was greater than $20 annually, as 
                                determined by the Secretary.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2605(f)(2)(A) of the Low-Income 
Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8624(f)(2)(A)) is amended 
by inserting before the semicolon the following: ``, except that, for 
purposes of the supplemental nutrition assistance program established 
under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), such 
payments or allowances were greater than $20 annually, consistent with 
section 5(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(C)(iv)(I)), 
as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2014 note.>>  Application and Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), this 
        section and the amendments made by this section shall--
                    (A) take effect 30 days after the date of enactment 
                of this Act; and
                    (B) apply with respect to certification periods that 
                begin after that date.
            (2) State option to delay implementation for current 
        recipients.--A State may, at the option of the State, implement 
        a policy that eliminates or reduces the effect of the amendments 
        made by this section on households that received a standard 
        utility allowance as of the date of enactment of this Act, for 
        not more than a 5-month period beginning on the date on which 
        the amendments would otherwise apply to the respective 
        household.
SEC. 4007. ELIGIBILITY DISQUALIFICATIONS.

    Section 6(e)(3)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2015(e)(3)(B)) is amended by striking ``section;'' and inserting the 
following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 788]]

                    ``section, subject to the condition that the course 
                or program of study--
                          ``(i) is part of a program of career and 
                      technical education (as defined in section 3 of 
                      the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education 
                      Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2302)) that may be 
                      completed in not more than 4 years at an 
                      institution of higher education (as defined in 
                      section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                      (20 U.S.C. 1002)); or
                          ``(ii) is limited to remedial courses, basic 
                      adult education, literacy, or English as a second 
                      language;''.
SEC. 4008. ELIGIBILITY DISQUALIFICATIONS FOR CERTAIN CONVICTED 
                          FELONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2015) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Disqualification for Certain Convicted Felons.--
            ``(1) In general.--An individual shall not be eligible for 
        benefits under this Act if--
                    ``(A) the individual is convicted of--
                          ``(i) aggravated sexual abuse under section 
                      2241 of title 18, United States Code;
                          ``(ii) murder under section 1111 of title 18, 
                      United States Code;
                          ``(iii) an offense under chapter 110 of title 
                      18, United States Code;
                          ``(iv) a Federal or State offense involving 
                      sexual assault, as defined in 40002(a) of the 
                      Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 
                      13925(a)); or
                          ``(v) an offense under State law determined by 
                      the Attorney General to be substantially similar 
                      to an offense described in clause (i), (ii), or 
                      (iii); and
                    ``(B) the individual is not in compliance with the 
                terms of the sentence of the individual or the 
                restrictions under subsection (k).
            ``(2) Effects on assistance and benefits for others.--The 
        amount of benefits otherwise required to be provided to an 
        eligible household under this Act shall be determined by 
        considering the individual to whom paragraph (1) applies not to 
        be a member of the household, except that the income and 
        resources of the individual shall be considered to be income and 
        resources of the household.
            ``(3) Enforcement.--Each State shall require each individual 
        applying for benefits under this Act to attest to whether the 
        individual, or any member of the household of the individual, 
        has been convicted of a crime described in paragraph (1).''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5(a) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(a)) is amended in the second sentence by 
striking ``sections 6(b), 6(d)(2), and 6(g)'' and inserting 
``subsections (b), (d)(2), (g), and (r) of section 6''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2014 note.>>  Inapplicability to Convictions 
Occurring on or Before Enactment.--The amendments made by this section 
shall not apply to a conviction if the conviction is for conduct 
occurring on or before the date of enactment of this Act.

[[Page 128 STAT. 789]]

SEC. 4009. ENDING SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM 
                          BENEFITS FOR LOTTERY OR GAMBLING 
                          WINNERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2015) (as amended by section 4008) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(s) Ineligibility for Benefits Due to Receipt of Substantial 
Lottery or Gambling Winnings.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any household in which a member receives 
        substantial lottery or gambling winnings, as determined by the 
        Secretary, shall lose eligibility for benefits immediately upon 
        receipt of the winnings.
            ``(2) Duration of ineligibility.--A household described in 
        paragraph (1) shall remain ineligible for participation until 
        the household meets the allowable financial resources and income 
        eligibility requirements under subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), 
        (g), (i), (k), (l), (m), and (n) of section 5.
            ``(3) Agreements.--As determined by the Secretary, each 
        State agency, to the maximum extent practicable, shall establish 
        agreements with entities responsible for the regulation or 
        sponsorship of gaming in the State to determine whether 
        individuals participating in the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program have received substantial lottery or gambling 
        winnings.''.
SEC. 4010. IMPROVING SECURITY OF FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    Section 7(h)(8) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)(8)) is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``card fee'' and 
        inserting ``of cards'';
            (2) by striking ``A State'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Fees.--A State''; and
            (3) by adding after subparagraph (A) (as so designated) the 
        following:
                    ``(B) Purposeful loss of cards.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject to terms and 
                      conditions established by the Secretary in 
                      accordance with clause (ii), if a household makes 
                      excessive requests for replacement of the 
                      electronic benefit transfer card of the household, 
                      the Secretary may require a State agency to 
                      decline to issue a replacement card to the 
                      household unless the household, upon request of 
                      the State agency, provides an explanation for the 
                      loss of the card.
                          ``(ii) Requirements.--The terms and conditions 
                      established by the Secretary shall provide that--
                                    ``(I) the household be given the 
                                opportunity to provide the requested 
                                explanation and meet the requirements 
                                under this paragraph promptly;
                                    ``(II) after an excessive number of 
                                lost cards, the head of the household 
                                shall be required to review program 
                                rights and responsibilities with State 
                                agency personnel authorized to make 
                                determinations under section 5(a); and
                                    ``(III) any action taken, including 
                                actions required under section 6(b)(2), 
                                other than the withholding of the 
                                electronic benefit transfer card until 
                                an explanation described in subclause 
                                (I) is provided, shall be consistent 
                                with the due process

[[Page 128 STAT. 790]]

                                protections under section 6(b) or 
                                11(e)(10), as appropriate.
                    ``(C) Protecting vulnerable persons.--In 
                implementing this paragraph, a State agency shall act to 
                protect homeless persons, persons with disabilities, 
                victims of crimes, and other vulnerable persons who lose 
                electronic benefit transfer cards but are not 
                intentionally committing fraud.
                    ``(D) Effect on eligibility.--While a State may 
                decline to issue an electronic benefits transfer card 
                until a household satisfies the requirements under this 
                paragraph, nothing in this paragraph shall be considered 
                a denial of, or limitation on, the eligibility for 
                benefits under section 5.''.
SEC. 4011. TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION FOR RETAIL FOOD STORES.

    (a) Mobile Technologies.--Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)) (as amended by section 4030(e)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(14) Mobile technologies.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall approve retail food stores to redeem 
                benefits through electronic means other than wired point 
                of sale devices for electronic benefit transfer 
                transactions, if the retail food stores--
                          ``(i) establish recipient protections 
                      regarding privacy, ease of use, access, and 
                      support similar to the protections provided for 
                      transactions made in retail food stores;
                          ``(ii) bear the costs of obtaining, 
                      installing, and maintaining mobile technologies, 
                      including mechanisms needed to process EBT cards 
                      and transaction fees;
                          ``(iii) demonstrate the foods purchased with 
                      benefits issued under this section through mobile 
                      technologies are purchased at a price not higher 
                      than the price of the same food purchased by other 
                      methods used by the retail food store, as 
                      determined by the Secretary;
                          ``(iv) provide adequate documentation for each 
                      authorized transaction, as determined by the 
                      Secretary; and
                          ``(v) meet other criteria as established by 
                      the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Demonstration project on acceptance of 
                benefits of mobile transactions.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Before authorizing 
                      implementation of subparagraph (A) in all States, 
                      the Secretary shall pilot the use of mobile 
                      technologies determined by the Secretary to be 
                      appropriate to test the feasibility and 
                      implications for program integrity, by allowing 
                      retail food stores to accept benefits from 
                      recipients of supplemental nutrition assistance 
                      through mobile transactions.
                          ``(ii) Demonstration projects.--To be eligible 
                      to participate in a demonstration project under 
                      clause

[[Page 128 STAT. 791]]

                      (i), a retail food store shall submit to the 
                      Secretary for approval a plan that includes--
                                    ``(I) a description of the 
                                technology;
                                    ``(II) the manner by which the 
                                retail food store will provide proof of 
                                the transaction to households;
                                    ``(III) the provision of data to the 
                                Secretary, consistent with requirements 
                                established by the Secretary, in a 
                                manner that allows the Secretary to 
                                evaluate the impact of the demonstration 
                                on participant access, ease of use, and 
                                program integrity; and
                                    ``(IV) such other criteria as the 
                                Secretary may require.
                          ``(iii) Date of completion.--The demonstration 
                      projects under this subparagraph shall be 
                      completed and final reports submitted to the 
                      Secretary by not later than July 1, 2016.
                    ``(C) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) by not later than January 1, 2017, 
                      authorize implementation of subparagraph (A) in 
                      all States, unless the Secretary makes a finding, 
                      based on the data provided under subparagraph (B), 
                      that implementation in all States is not in the 
                      best interest of the supplemental nutrition 
                      assistance program; and
                          ``(ii) if the determination made in clause (i) 
                      is not to implement subparagraph (A) in all 
                      States, submit a report to the Committee on 
                      Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
                      the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                      Forestry of the Senate that includes the basis of 
                      the finding.''.

    (b) Acceptance of Benefits Through On-line Transactions.--
            (1) In general.--Section 7 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:

    ``(k) Option to Accept Program Benefits Through On-line 
Transactions.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (4), the Secretary 
        shall approve retail food stores to accept benefits from 
        recipients of supplemental nutrition assistance through on-line 
        transactions.
            ``(2) Requirements to accept benefits.--A retail food store 
        seeking to accept benefits from recipients of supplemental 
        nutrition assistance through on-line transactions shall--
                    ``(A) establish recipient protections regarding 
                privacy, ease of use, access, and support similar to the 
                protections provided for transactions made in retail 
                food stores;
                    ``(B) ensure benefits are not used to pay delivery, 
                ordering, convenience, or other fees or charges;
                    ``(C) clearly notify participating households at the 
                time a food order is placed--
                          ``(i) of any delivery, ordering, convenience, 
                      or other fee or charge associated with the food 
                      purchase; and
                          ``(ii) that any such fee cannot be paid with 
                      benefits provided under this Act;
                    ``(D) ensure the security of on-line transactions by 
                using the most effective technology available that the 
                Secretary

[[Page 128 STAT. 792]]

                considers appropriate and cost-effective and that is 
                comparable to the security of transactions at retail 
                food stores; and
                    ``(E) meet other criteria as established by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(3) State agency action.--Each State agency shall ensure 
        that recipients of supplemental nutrition assistance can use 
        benefits on-line as described in this subsection as appropriate.
            ``(4) Demonstration project on acceptance of benefits 
        through on-line transactions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Before the Secretary authorizes 
                implementation of paragraph (1) in all States, the 
                Secretary shall carry out a number of demonstration 
                projects as determined by the Secretary to test the 
                feasibility of allowing retail food stores to accept 
                benefits through on-line transactions.
                    ``(B) Demonstration projects.--To be eligible to 
                participate in a demonstration project under 
                subparagraph (A), a retail food store shall submit to 
                the Secretary for approval a plan that includes--
                          ``(i) a method of ensuring that benefits may 
                      be used to purchase only eligible items under this 
                      Act;
                          ``(ii) a description of the method of 
                      educating participant households about the 
                      availability and operation of on-line purchasing;
                          ``(iii) adequate testing of the on-line 
                      purchasing option prior to implementation;
                          ``(iv) the provision of data as requested by 
                      the Secretary for purposes of analyzing the impact 
                      of the project on participant access, ease of use, 
                      and program integrity;
                          ``(v) reports on progress, challenges, and 
                      results, as determined by the Secretary; and
                          ``(vi) such other criteria, including security 
                      criteria, as established by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Date of completion.--The demonstration 
                projects under this paragraph shall be completed and 
                final reports submitted to the Secretary by not later 
                than July 1, 2016.
            ``(5) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) by not later than January 1, 2017, authorize 
                implementation of paragraph (1) in all States, unless 
                the Secretary makes a finding, based on the data 
                provided under paragraph (4), that implementation in all 
                States is not in the best interest of the supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program; and
                    ``(B) if the determination made in subparagraph (A) 
                is not to implement in all States, submit a report to 
                the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate that includes the 
                basis of the finding.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section 7(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
                2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(b)) is amended by striking 
                ``purchase food in retail food stores'' and inserting 
                ``purchase food from retail food stores''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 793]]

                    (B) Section 10 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
                (7 U.S.C. 2019) is amended in the first sentence by 
                inserting ``retail food stores authorized to accept and 
                redeem benefits through on-line transactions shall be 
                authorized to accept benefits prior to the delivery of 
                food if the delivery occurs within a reasonable time of 
                the purchase, as determined by the Secretary,'' after 
                ``food so purchased,''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2016 note.>>  Savings Clause.--Nothing in this 
section or an amendment made by this section alters any requirements of 
the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) unless 
specifically authorized in this section or an amendment made by this 
section.
SEC. 4012. USE OF BENEFITS FOR PURCHASE OF COMMUNITY-SUPPORTED 
                          AGRICULTURE SHARE.

    Subsection (o)(4) of section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2012) (as redesignated by section 4030(a)(4)) is amended by 
inserting ``, or agricultural producers who market agricultural products 
directly to consumers'' after ``such food''.
SEC. 4013. IMPROVED WAGE VERIFICATION USING THE NATIONAL DIRECTORY 
                          OF NEW HIRES.

    Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and after compliance 
        with the requirement specified in paragraph (24)'' after 
        ``section 16(e) of this Act'';
            (2) in paragraph (22), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (23)(C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(24) that the State agency shall request wage data 
        directly from the National Directory of New Hires established 
        under section 453(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
        653(i)) relevant to determining eligibility to receive 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits and 
        determining the correct amount of those benefits at the time of 
        certification.''.
SEC. 4014. RESTAURANT MEALS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2020(e)) (as amended by section 4013) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (23)(C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (24), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(25) if the State elects to carry out a program to 
        contract with private establishments to offer meals at 
        concessional prices, as described in paragraphs (3), (4), and 
        (9) of section 3(k)--
                    ``(A) the plans of the State agency for operating 
                the program, including--
                          ``(i) documentation of a need that eligible 
                      homeless, elderly, and disabled clients are 
                      underserved in a particular geographic area;
                          ``(ii) the manner by which the State agency 
                      will limit participation to only those private 
                      establishments

[[Page 128 STAT. 794]]

                      that the State determines necessary to meet the 
                      need identified in clause (i); and
                          ``(iii) any other conditions the Secretary may 
                      prescribe, such as the level of security necessary 
                      to ensure that only eligible recipients 
                      participate in the program; and
                    ``(B) a report by the State agency to the Secretary 
                annually, the schedule of which shall be established by 
                the Secretary, that includes--
                          ``(i) the number of households and individual 
                      recipients authorized to participate in the 
                      program, including any information on whether the 
                      individual recipient is elderly, disabled, or 
                      homeless; and
                          ``(ii) an assessment of whether the program is 
                      meeting an established need, as documented under 
                      subparagraph (A)(i).''.

    (b) Approval of Retail Food Stores and Wholesale Food Concerns.--
Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) (as 
amended by section 4002(d)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(h) Private Establishments.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), no private 
        establishment that contracts with a State agency to offer meals 
        at concessional prices as described in paragraphs (3), (4), and 
        (9) of section 3(k) may be authorized to accept and redeem 
        benefits unless the Secretary determines that the participation 
        of the private establishment is required to meet a documented 
        need in accordance with section 11(e)(25).
            ``(2) Existing contracts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If, on the day before the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, a State has entered into a 
                contract with a private establishment described in 
                paragraph (1) and the Secretary has not determined that 
                the participation of the private establishment is 
                necessary to meet a documented need in accordance with 
                section 11(e)(25), the Secretary shall allow the 
                operation of the private establishment to continue 
                without that determination of need for a period not to 
                exceed 180 days from the date on which the Secretary 
                establishes determination criteria, by regulation, under 
                section 11(e)(25).
                    ``(B) Justification.--If the Secretary determines to 
                terminate a contract with a private establishment that 
                is in effect on the date of enactment of this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall provide justification to 
                the State in which the private establishment is located 
                for that termination.
            ``(3) Report to congress.--Not later than 90 days after 
        September 30, 2014, and 90 days after the last day of each 
        fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
        a report on the effectiveness of a program under this subsection 
        using any information received from States under section 
        11(e)(25) as well as any other information the Secretary may 
        have relating to the manner in which benefits are used.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 3(k) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(k)) is amended by inserting

[[Page 128 STAT. 795]]

``subject to section 9(h)'' after ``concessional prices'' each place it 
appears.
SEC. 4015. MANDATING STATE IMMIGRATION VERIFICATION.

    Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is 
amended by striking subsection (p) and inserting the following:
    ``(p) State Verification Option.--In carrying out the supplemental 
nutrition assistance program, a State agency shall be required to use an 
immigration status verification system established under section 1137 of 
the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b-7), and an income and 
eligibility verification system, in accordance with standards set by the 
Secretary.''.
SEC. 4016. DATA EXCHANGE STANDARDIZATION FOR IMPROVED 
                          INTEROPERABILITY.

    (a) Data Exchange Standardization.--Section 11 of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(v) Data Exchange Standards for Improved Interoperability.--
            ``(1) Designation.--The Secretary shall, in consultation 
        with an interagency work group established by the Office of 
        Management and Budget, and considering State government 
        perspectives, designate data exchange standards to govern, under 
        this Act--
                    ``(A) necessary categories of information that State 
                agencies operating related programs are required under 
                applicable law to electronically exchange with another 
                State agency; and
                    ``(B) Federal reporting and data exchange required 
                under applicable law.
            ``(2) Requirements.--The data exchange standards required by 
        paragraph (1) shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
                    ``(A) incorporate a widely accepted, nonproprietary, 
                searchable, computer-readable format, such as the 
                eXtensible Markup Language;
                    ``(B) contain interoperable standards developed and 
                maintained by intergovernmental partnerships, such as 
                the National Information Exchange Model;
                    ``(C) incorporate interoperable standards developed 
                and maintained by Federal entities with authority over 
                contracting and financial assistance;
                    ``(D) be consistent with and implement applicable 
                accounting principles;
                    ``(E) be implemented in a manner that is cost-
                effective and improves program efficiency and 
                effectiveness; and
                    ``(F) be capable of being continually upgraded as 
                necessary.
            ``(3) Rules of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
        requires a change to existing data exchange standards for 
        Federal reporting found to be effective and efficient.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2020 note.>>  Application Date.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a proposed rule 
        to carry out the amendments made by this section.
            (2) Requirements.--The rule shall--

[[Page 128 STAT. 796]]

                    (A) identify federally required data exchanges;
                    (B) include specification and timing of exchanges to 
                be standardized;
                    (C) address the factors used in determining whether 
                and when to standardize data exchanges;
                    (D) specify State implementation options; and
                    (E) describe future milestones.
SEC. 4017. PILOT PROJECTS TO IMPROVE FEDERAL-STATE COOPERATION IN 
                          IDENTIFYING AND REDUCING FRAUD IN THE 
                          SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
                          PROGRAM.

    Section 12 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2021) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Pilot Projects to Improve Federal-State Cooperation in 
Identifying and Reducing Fraud in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance 
Program.--
            ``(1) Pilot projects required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out, 
                under such terms and conditions as are determined by the 
                Secretary, pilot projects to test innovative Federal-
                State partnerships to identify, investigate, and reduce 
                fraud by retail food stores and wholesale food concerns 
                in the supplemental nutrition assistance program, 
                including allowing States to operate programs to 
                investigate that fraud.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--At least 1 pilot project 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall be carried out in an 
                urban area that is among the 10 largest urban areas in 
                the United States (based on population), if--
                          ``(i) the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                      program is separately administered in the area; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) if the administration of the 
                      supplemental nutrition assistance program in the 
                      area complies with the other applicable 
                      requirements of the program.
            ``(2) Selection criteria.--Pilot projects shall be selected 
        based on criteria the Secretary establishes, which shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) enhancing existing efforts by the Secretary to 
                reduce fraud described in paragraph (1)(A);
                    ``(B) requiring participant States to maintain the 
                overall level of effort of the States at addressing 
                recipient fraud, as determined by the Secretary, prior 
                to participation in the pilot project;
                    ``(C) collaborating with other law enforcement 
                authorities as necessary to carry out an effective pilot 
                project;
                    ``(D) commitment of the participant State agency to 
                follow Federal rules and procedures with respect to 
                investigations described in paragraph (1)(A); and
                    ``(E) the extent to which a State has committed 
                resources to recipient fraud and the relative success of 
                those efforts.
            ``(3) Evaluation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall evaluate the 
                pilot projects selected under this subsection to measure 
                the impact of the pilot projects.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The evaluation shall include--

[[Page 128 STAT. 797]]

                          ``(i) the impact of each pilot project on 
                      increasing the capacity of the Secretary to 
                      address fraud described in paragraph (1)(A);
                          ``(ii) the effectiveness of the pilot projects 
                      in identifying, preventing and reducing fraud 
                      described in paragraph (1)(A); and
                          ``(iii) the cost effectiveness of the pilot 
                      projects.
            ``(4) Report to congress.--Not later than September 30, 
        2017, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, a report 
        that includes a description of the results of each pilot 
        project, including--
                    ``(A) an evaluation of the impact of the pilot 
                project on fraud described in paragraph (1)(A); and
                    ``(B) the costs associated with the pilot project.
            ``(5) Funding.--Any costs incurred by a State to operate 
        pilot projects under this subsection that are in excess of the 
        amount expended under this Act to identify, investigate, and 
        reduce fraud described in paragraph (1)(A) in the respective 
        State in the previous fiscal year shall not be eligible for 
        Federal reimbursement under this Act.''.
SEC. 4018. PROHIBITING GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED RECRUITMENT 
                          ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Administrative Cost-sharing and Quality Control.--Section 
16(a)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(a)(4)) is 
amended by inserting after ``recruitment activities'' the following: 
``designed to persuade an individual to apply for program benefits or 
that promote the program through television, radio, or billboard 
advertisements''.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds Authorized to Be Appropriated Under 
Act.--Section 18 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Ban on Recruitment and Promotion Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), no 
        funds authorized to be appropriated under this Act shall be used 
        by the Secretary for--
                    ``(A) recruitment activities designed to persuade an 
                individual to apply for supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program benefits;
                    ``(B) television, radio, or billboard advertisements 
                that are designed to promote supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program benefits and enrollment; or
                    ``(C) any agreements with foreign governments 
                designed to promote supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program benefits and enrollment.
            ``(2) Limitation.--Paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply to 
        programmatic activities undertaken with respect to benefits made 
        under section 5(h).''.

    (c) Ban on Recruitment Activities by Entities That Receive Funds.--
Section 18 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027) (as 
amended by subsection (b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(h) Ban on Recruitment by Entities That Receive Funds.--The 
Secretary shall issue regulations that prohibit entities that

[[Page 128 STAT. 798]]

receive funds under this Act to compensate any person for conducting 
outreach activities relating to participation in, or for recruiting 
individuals to apply to receive benefits under, the supplemental 
nutrition assistance program, if the amount of the compensation would be 
based on the number of individuals who apply to receive the benefits.''.
SEC. 4019. TOLERANCE LEVEL FOR EXCLUDING SMALL ERRORS.

    Section 16(c)(1)(A) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(c)(1)(A)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``In carrying'' and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--In carrying''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Tolerance level for excluding small 
                      errors.--The Secretary shall set the tolerance 
                      level for excluding small errors for the purposes 
                      of this subsection--
                                    ``(I) for fiscal year 2014, at an 
                                amount not greater than $37; and
                                    ``(II) for each fiscal year 
                                thereafter, the amount specified in 
                                subclause (I) adjusted by the percentage 
                                by which the thrifty food plan is 
                                adjusted under section 3(u)(4) between 
                                June 30, 2013, and June 30 of the 
                                immediately preceding fiscal year.''.
SEC. 4020. QUALITY CONTROL STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 16(c)(1)(D)(i) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)(D)(i)) is amended by striking subclause 
(I).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 13(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2022(a)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by 
        striking ``section 16(c)(1)(D)(i)(III)'' and inserting ``section 
        16(c)(1)(D)(i)(II)''.
            (2) Section 16(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by redesignating subclauses (II) 
                                through (IV) as subclauses (I) through 
                                (III), respectively; and
                                    (II) in subclause (III) (as so 
                                redesignated), by striking ``through 
                                (III)'' and inserting ``and (II)''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``waiver 
                      amount or'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (E)(i), by striking 
                ``(D)(i)(III)'' and inserting ``(D)(i)(II)''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``(D)(i)(II)'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``(D)(i)(I)''.
SEC. 4021. PERFORMANCE BONUS PAYMENTS.

    Section 16(d) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Use of performance bonus payments.--A State agency may 
        use a performance bonus payment received under this subsection 
        only to carry out the program established under this Act, 
        including investments in--
                    ``(A) technology;

[[Page 128 STAT. 799]]

                    ``(B) improvements in administration and 
                distribution; and
                    ``(C) actions to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse.''.
SEC. 4022. PILOT PROJECTS TO REDUCE DEPENDENCY AND INCREASE WORK 
                          REQUIREMENTS AND WORK EFFORT UNDER 
                          SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
                          PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 16(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``15 months'' and inserting 
                      ``24 months''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, except that for fiscal 
                      year 2013 and fiscal year 2014, the amount shall 
                      be $79,000,000'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by striking ``If a State'' and inserting 
                      the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--If a State''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Timing.--The Secretary shall collect 
                      such information as the Secretary determines to be 
                      necessary about the expenditures and anticipated 
                      expenditures by the State agencies of the funds 
                      initially allocated to the State agencies under 
                      subparagraph (A) to make reallocations of 
                      unexpended funds under clause (i) within a 
                      timeframe that allows each State agency to which 
                      funds are reallocated at least 270 days to expend 
                      the reallocated funds.
                          ``(iii) Opportunity.--The Secretary shall 
                      ensure that all State agencies have an opportunity 
                      to obtain reallocated funds.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Pilot projects to reduce dependency and 
                increase work requirements and work effort under 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program.--
                          ``(i) Pilot projects required.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall carry out pilot projects under 
                                which State agencies shall enter into 
                                cooperative agreements with the 
                                Secretary to develop and test methods, 
                                including operating work programs with 
                                certain features comparable to the 
                                program of block grants to States for 
                                temporary assistance for needy families 
                                established under part A of title IV of 
                                the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 
                                et seq.), for employment and training 
                                programs and services to raise the 
                                number of work registrants under section 
                                6(d) of this Act who obtain unsubsidized 
                                employment, increase the earned income 
                                of the registrants, and reduce the 
                                reliance of the registrants on public 
                                assistance, so as to reduce the need for 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                benefits.
                                    ``(II) Requirements.--Pilot projects 
                                shall--
                                            ``(aa) meet such terms and 
                                        conditions as the Secretary 
                                        considers to be appropriate; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 800]]

                                            ``(bb) except as otherwise 
                                        provided in this subparagraph, 
                                        be in accordance with the 
                                        requirements of sections 6(d) 
                                        and 20.
                          ``(ii) Selection criteria.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall select pilot projects under this 
                                subparagraph in accordance with the 
                                criteria established under this clause 
                                and additional criteria established by 
                                the Secretary.
                                    ``(II) Qualifying criteria.--To be 
                                eligible to participate in a pilot 
                                project, a State agency shall--
                                            ``(aa) agree to participate 
                                        in the evaluation described in 
                                        clause (vii), including 
                                        providing evidence that the 
                                        State has a robust data 
                                        collection system for program 
                                        administration and cooperating 
                                        to make available State data on 
                                        the employment activities and 
                                        post-participation employment, 
                                        earnings, and public benefit 
                                        receipt of participants to 
                                        ensure proper and timely 
                                        evaluation;
                                            ``(bb) commit to collaborate 
                                        with the State workforce board 
                                        and other job training programs 
                                        in the State and local area; and
                                            ``(cc) commit to maintain at 
                                        least the amount of State 
                                        funding for employment and 
                                        training programs and services 
                                        under paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
                                        under section 20 as the State 
                                        expended for fiscal year 2013.
                                    ``(III) Selection criteria.--In 
                                selecting pilot projects, the Secretary 
                                shall--
                                            ``(aa) consider the degree 
                                        to which the pilot project would 
                                        enhance existing employment and 
                                        training programs in the State;
                                            ``(bb) consider the degree 
                                        to which the pilot project would 
                                        enhance the employment and 
                                        earnings of program 
                                        participants;
                                            ``(cc) consider whether 
                                        there is evidence that the pilot 
                                        project could be replicated 
                                        easily by other States or 
                                        political subdivisions;
                                            ``(dd) consider whether the 
                                        State agency has a demonstrated 
                                        capacity to operate high quality 
                                        employment and training 
                                        programs; and
                                            ``(ee) ensure the pilot 
                                        projects, when considered as a 
                                        group, test a range of 
                                        strategies, including strategies 
                                        that--
                                                ``(AA) target 
                                            individuals with low skills 
                                            or limited work experience, 
                                            individuals subject to the 
                                            requirements under section 
                                            6(o), and individuals who 
                                            are working;
                                                ``(BB) are located in a 
                                            range of geographic areas 
                                            and States, including rural 
                                            and urban areas;
                                                ``(CC) emphasize 
                                            education and training, 
                                            rehabilitative services for 
                                            individuals with barriers to 
                                            employment,

[[Page 128 STAT. 801]]

                                            rapid attachment to 
                                            employment, and mixed 
                                            strategies; and
                                                ``(DD) test programs 
                                            that assign work registrants 
                                            to mandatory and voluntary 
                                            participation in employment 
                                            and training activities.
                          ``(iii) Accountability .--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall establish and implement a process 
                                to terminate a pilot project for which 
                                the State has failed to meet the 
                                criteria described in clause (ii) or 
                                other criteria established by the 
                                Secretary.
                                    ``(II) Timing.--The process shall 
                                include a reasonable time period, not to 
                                exceed 180 days, for State agencies 
                                found noncompliant to correct the 
                                noncompliance.
                          ``(iv) Employment and training activities.--
                      Allowable programs and services carried out under 
                      this subparagraph shall include those programs and 
                      services authorized under this Act and employment 
                      and training activities authorized under the 
                      program of block grants to States for temporary 
                      assistance for needy families established under 
                      part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 
                      U.S.C. 601 et seq.), including:
                                    ``(I) Employment in the public or 
                                private sector that is not subsidized by 
                                any public program.
                                    ``(II) Employment in the private 
                                sector for which the employer receives a 
                                subsidy from public funds to offset all 
                                or a part of the wages and costs of 
                                employing an adult.
                                    ``(III) Employment in the public 
                                sector for which the employer receives a 
                                subsidy from public funds to offset all 
                                or a part of the wages and costs of 
                                employing an adult.
                                    ``(IV) A work activity that--
                                            ``(aa) is performed in 
                                        return for public benefits;
                                            ``(bb) provides an adult 
                                        with an opportunity to acquire 
                                        the general skills, knowledge, 
                                        and work habits necessary to 
                                        obtain employment;
                                            ``(cc) is designed to 
                                        improve the employability of 
                                        those who cannot find 
                                        unsubsidized employment; and
                                            ``(dd) is supervised by an 
                                        employer, work site sponsor, or 
                                        other responsible party on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                                    ``(V) Training in the public or 
                                private sector that--
                                            ``(aa) is given to a paid 
                                        employee while the employee is 
                                        engaged in productive work; and
                                            ``(bb) provides knowledge 
                                        and skills essential to the full 
                                        and adequate performance of the 
                                        job.

[[Page 128 STAT. 802]]

                                    ``(VI) Job search, obtaining 
                                employment, or preparation to seek or 
                                obtain employment, including--
                                            ``(aa) life skills training;
                                            ``(bb) substance abuse 
                                        treatment or mental health 
                                        treatment, determined to be 
                                        necessary and documented by a 
                                        qualified medical, substance 
                                        abuse, or mental health 
                                        professional; and
                                            ``(cc) rehabilitation 
                                        activities, supervised by a 
                                        public agency or other 
                                        responsible party on an ongoing 
                                        basis.
                                    ``(VII) Structured programs and 
                                embedded activities--
                                            ``(aa) in which adults 
                                        perform work for the direct 
                                        benefit of the community under 
                                        the auspices of public or 
                                        nonprofit organizations;
                                            ``(bb) that are limited to 
                                        projects that serve useful 
                                        community purposes in fields 
                                        such as health, social service, 
                                        environmental protection, 
                                        education, urban and rural 
                                        redevelopment, welfare, 
                                        recreation, public facilities, 
                                        public safety, and child care;
                                            ``(cc) that are designed to 
                                        improve the employability of 
                                        adults not otherwise able to 
                                        obtain unsubsidized employment;
                                            ``(dd) that are supervised 
                                        on an ongoing basis; and
                                            ``(ee) with respect to which 
                                        a State agency takes into 
                                        account, to the maximum extent 
                                        practicable, the prior training, 
                                        experience, and skills of a 
                                        recipient in making appropriate 
                                        community service assignments.
                                    ``(VIII) Career and technical 
                                training programs that are--
                                            ``(aa) directly related to 
                                        the preparation of adults for 
                                        employment in current or 
                                        emerging occupations; and
                                            ``(bb) supervised on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                                    ``(IX) Training or education for job 
                                skills that are--
                                            ``(aa) required by an 
                                        employer to provide an adult 
                                        with the ability to obtain 
                                        employment or to advance or 
                                        adapt to the changing demands of 
                                        the workplace; and
                                            ``(bb) supervised on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                                    ``(X) Education that is--
                                            ``(aa) related to a specific 
                                        occupation, job, or job offer; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) supervised on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                                    ``(XI) In the case of an adult who 
                                has not completed secondary school or 
                                received a certificate of general 
                                equivalence, regular attendance that 
                                is--
                                            ``(aa) in accordance with 
                                        the requirements of the 
                                        secondary school or course of 
                                        study, at a secondary school or 
                                        in a course of study

[[Page 128 STAT. 803]]

                                        leading to a certificate of 
                                        general equivalence; and
                                            ``(bb) supervised on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                                    ``(XII) Providing child care to 
                                enable another recipient of public 
                                benefits to participate in a community 
                                service program that--
                                            ``(aa) does not provide 
                                        compensation for the community 
                                        service;
                                            ``(bb) is a structured 
                                        program designed to improve the 
                                        employability of adults who 
                                        participate in the program; and
                                            ``(cc) is supervised on an 
                                        ongoing basis.
                          ``(v) Sanctions.--Subject to clause (vi), no 
                      work registrant shall be eligible to participate 
                      in the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                      if the individual refuses without good cause to 
                      participate in an employment and training program 
                      under this subparagraph, to the extent required by 
                      the State agency.
                          ``(vi) Standards.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Employment and 
                                training activities under this 
                                subparagraph shall be considered to be 
                                carried out under section 6(d), 
                                including for the purpose of satisfying 
                                any conditions of participation and 
                                duration of ineligibility.
                                    ``(II) Standards for certain 
                                employment activities.--The Secretary 
                                shall establish standards for employment 
                                activities described in subclauses (I), 
                                (II), and (III) of clause (iv) that 
                                ensure that failure to work for reasons 
                                beyond the control of an individual, 
                                such as involuntary reduction in hours 
                                of employment, shall not result in 
                                ineligibility.
                                    ``(III) Participation in other 
                                programs.--Before assigning a work 
                                registrant to mandatory employment and 
                                training activities, a State agency 
                                shall--
                                            ``(aa) assess whether the 
                                        work registrant is participating 
                                        in substantial employment and 
                                        training activities outside of 
                                        the pilot project that are 
                                        expected to result in the work 
                                        registrant gaining increased 
                                        skills, training, work, or 
                                        experience consistent with the 
                                        objectives of the pilot project; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) if determined to be 
                                        acceptable, count hours engaged 
                                        in the activities toward any 
                                        minimum participation 
                                        requirement.
                          ``(vii) Evaluation and reporting.--
                                    ``(I) Independent evaluation.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--The 
                                        Secretary shall, under such 
                                        terms and conditions as the 
                                        Secretary determines to be 
                                        appropriate, conduct for each 
                                        State agency that enters into a 
                                        cooperative agreement under 
                                        clause (i) an independent 
                                        longitudinal evaluation of each 
                                        pilot project of the State 
                                        agency under this subparagraph, 
                                        with results reported not less

[[Page 128 STAT. 804]]

                                        frequently than in consecutive 
                                        12-month increments.
                                            ``(bb) Purpose.--The purpose 
                                        of the independent evaluation 
                                        shall be to measure the impact 
                                        of employment and training 
                                        programs and services provided 
                                        by each State agency under the 
                                        pilot projects on the ability of 
                                        adults in each pilot project 
                                        target population to find and 
                                        retain employment that leads to 
                                        increased household income and 
                                        reduced reliance on public 
                                        assistance, as well as other 
                                        measures of household well-
                                        being, compared to what would 
                                        have occurred in the absence of 
                                        the pilot project.
                                            ``(cc) Methodology.--The 
                                        independent evaluation shall use 
                                        valid statistical methods that 
                                        can determine, for each pilot 
                                        project, the difference, if any, 
                                        between supplemental nutrition 
                                        assistance and other public 
                                        benefit receipt expenditures, 
                                        employment, earnings and other 
                                        impacts as determined by the 
                                        Secretary--
                                                ``(AA) as a result of 
                                            the employment and training 
                                            programs and services 
                                            provided by the State agency 
                                            under the pilot project; as 
                                            compared to
                                                ``(BB) a control group 
                                            that is not subject to the 
                                            employment and training 
                                            programs and services 
                                            provided by the State agency 
                                            under the pilot project.
                                    ``(II) Reporting.--Not later than 
                                December 31, 2015, and each December 31 
                                thereafter until the completion of the 
                                last evaluation under subclause (I), the 
                                Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
                                on Agriculture of the House of 
                                Representatives and the Committee on 
                                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                                the Senate and share broadly, including 
                                by posting on the Internet website of 
                                the Department of Agriculture, a report 
                                that includes a description of--
                                            ``(aa) the status of each 
                                        pilot project carried out under 
                                        this subparagraph;
                                            ``(bb) the results of the 
                                        evaluation completed during the 
                                        previous fiscal year;
                                            ``(cc) to the maximum extent 
                                        practicable, baseline 
                                        information relevant to the 
                                        stated goals and desired 
                                        outcomes of the pilot project;
                                            ``(dd) the employment and 
                                        training programs and services 
                                        each State tested under the 
                                        pilot, including--
                                                ``(AA) the system of the 
                                            State for assessing the 
                                            ability of work registrants 
                                            to participate in and meet 
                                            the requirements of 
                                            employment and training 
                                            activities and assigning 
                                            work registrants to 
                                            appropriate activities; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 805]]

                                                ``(BB) the employment 
                                            and training activities and 
                                            services provided under the 
                                            pilot;
                                            ``(ee) the impact of the 
                                        employment and training programs 
                                        and services on appropriate 
                                        employment, income, and public 
                                        benefit receipt as well as other 
                                        outcomes among households 
                                        participating in the pilot 
                                        project, relative to households 
                                        not participating; and
                                            ``(ff) the steps and funding 
                                        necessary to incorporate into 
                                        State employment and training 
                                        programs and services the 
                                        components of the pilot projects 
                                        that demonstrate increased 
                                        employment and earnings.
                          ``(viii) Funding.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), from amounts made 
                                available under section 18(a)(1), the 
                                Secretary shall use to carry out this 
                                subparagraph--
                                            ``(aa) for fiscal year 2014, 
                                        $10,000,000; and
                                            ``(bb) for fiscal year 2015, 
                                        $190,000,000.
                                    ``(II) Limitations.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--The 
                                        Secretary shall not fund more 
                                        than 10 pilot projects under 
                                        this subparagraph.
                                            ``(bb) Duration.--Each pilot 
                                        project shall be in effect for 
                                        not more than 3 years.
                                    ``(III) Availability of funds.--
                                Funds made available under subclause (I) 
                                shall remain available through September 
                                30, 2018.
                          ``(ix) Use of funds.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Funds made 
                                available under this subparagraph for 
                                pilot projects shall be used only for--
                                            ``(aa) pilot projects that 
                                        comply with this Act;
                                            ``(bb) the program and 
                                        administrative costs of carrying 
                                        out the pilot projects;
                                            ``(cc) the costs incurred in 
                                        developing systems and providing 
                                        information and data for the 
                                        independent evaluations under 
                                        clause (vii); and
                                            ``(dd) the costs of the 
                                        evaluations under clause (vii).
                                    ``(II) Maintenance of effort.--Funds 
                                made available under this subparagraph 
                                shall be used only to supplement, not to 
                                supplant, non-Federal funds used for 
                                existing employment and training 
                                activities or services.
                                    ``(III) Other funds.--In carrying 
                                out pilot projects, States may 
                                contribute additional funds obtained 
                                from other sources, including Federal, 
                                State, or private funds, on the 
                                condition that the use of the 
                                contributions is permissible under 
                                Federal law.''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
            ``(5) Monitoring.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 806]]

                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall monitor the 
                employment and training programs carried out by State 
                agencies under section 6(d)(4) and assess the 
                effectiveness of the programs in--
                          ``(i) preparing members of households 
                      participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                      assistance program for employment, including the 
                      acquisition of basic skills necessary for 
                      employment; and
                          ``(ii) increasing the number of household 
                      members who obtain and retain employment 
                      subsequent to participation in the employment and 
                      training programs.
                    ``(B) Reporting measures.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary, in 
                      consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
                      develop State reporting measures that identify 
                      improvements in the skills, training, education, 
                      or work experience of members of households 
                      participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                      assistance program.
                          ``(ii) Requirements.--Measures shall--
                                    ``(I) be based on common measures of 
                                performance for Federal workforce 
                                training programs; and
                                    ``(II) include additional indicators 
                                that reflect the challenges facing the 
                                types of members of households 
                                participating in the supplemental 
                                nutrition assistance program who 
                                participate in a specific employment and 
                                training component.
                          ``(iii) State requirements.--The Secretary 
                      shall require that each State employment and 
                      training plan submitted under section 11(e)(19) 
                      identifies appropriate reporting measures for each 
                      proposed component that serves a threshold number 
                      of participants determined by the Secretary of at 
                      least 100 people a year.
                          ``(iv) Inclusions.--Reporting measures 
                      described in clause (iii) may include--
                                    ``(I) the percentage and number of 
                                program participants who received 
                                employment and training services and are 
                                in unsubsidized employment subsequent to 
                                the receipt of those services;
                                    ``(II) the percentage and number of 
                                program participants who obtain a 
                                recognized credential, including a 
                                registered apprenticeship, or a regular 
                                secondary school diploma or its 
                                recognized equivalent, while 
                                participating in, or within 1 year after 
                                receiving, employment and training 
                                services;
                                    ``(III) the percentage and number of 
                                program participants who are in an 
                                education or training program that is 
                                intended to lead to a recognized 
                                credential, including a registered 
                                apprenticeship or on-the-job training 
                                program, a regular secondary school 
                                diploma or its recognized equivalent, or 
                                unsubsidized employment;
                                    ``(IV) subject to terms and 
                                conditions established by the Secretary, 
                                measures developed by each State agency 
                                to assess the skills acquisition of 
                                employment and training program 
                                participants that reflect the goals of 
                                the specific employment

[[Page 128 STAT. 807]]

                                and training program components of the 
                                State agency, which may include, at a 
                                minimum--
                                            ``(aa) the percentage and 
                                        number of program participants 
                                        who are meeting program 
                                        requirements in each component 
                                        of the education and training 
                                        program of the State agency;
                                            ``(bb) the percentage and 
                                        number of program participants 
                                        who are gaining skills likely to 
                                        lead to employment as measured 
                                        through testing, quantitative or 
                                        qualitative assessment, or other 
                                        method; and
                                            ``(cc) the percentage and 
                                        number of program participants 
                                        who do not comply with 
                                        employment and training 
                                        requirements and who are 
                                        ineligible under section 6(b); 
                                        and
                                    ``(V) other indicators approved by 
                                the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Oversight of state employment and training 
                activities.--The Secretary shall assess State employment 
                and training programs on a periodic basis to ensure--
                          ``(i) compliance with Federal employment and 
                      training program rules and regulations;
                          ``(ii) that program activities are appropriate 
                      to meet the needs of the individuals referred by 
                      the State agency to an employment and training 
                      program component;
                          ``(iii) that reporting measures are 
                      appropriate to identify improvements in skills, 
                      training, work and experience for participants in 
                      an employment and training program component; and
                          ``(iv) for States receiving additional 
                      allocations under paragraph (1)(E), any 
                      information the Secretary may require to evaluate 
                      the compliance of the State agency with paragraph 
                      (1), which may include--
                                    ``(I) a report for each fiscal year 
                                of the number of individuals in the 
                                State who meet the conditions of 
                                paragraph (1)(E)(ii), the number of 
                                individuals the State agency offers a 
                                position in a program described in 
                                subparagraph (B) or (C) of section 
                                6(o)(2), and the number who participate 
                                in such a program;
                                    ``(II) a description of the types of 
                                employment and training programs the 
                                State agency uses to comply with 
                                paragraph (1)(E) and the availability of 
                                those programs throughout the State; and
                                    ``(III) any additional information 
                                the Secretary determines to be 
                                appropriate.
                    ``(D) State report.--Each State agency shall 
                annually prepare and submit to the Secretary a report on 
                the State employment and training program that includes, 
                using measures identified under subparagraph (B), the 
                numbers of supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                participants who have gained skills, training, work, or 
                experience that will increase the ability of the 
                participants to obtain regular employment.

[[Page 128 STAT. 808]]

                    ``(E) Modifications to the state employment and 
                training plan.--Subject to terms and conditions 
                established by the Secretary, if the Secretary 
                determines that the performance of a State agency with 
                respect to employment and training outcomes is 
                inadequate, the Secretary may require the State agency 
                to make modifications to the State employment and 
                training plan to improve the outcomes.
                    ``(F) Periodic evaluation.--Subject to terms and 
                conditions established by the Secretary, not later than 
                October 1, 2016, and not less frequently than once every 
                5 years thereafter, the Secretary shall conduct a study 
                to review existing practice and research to identify 
                employment and training program components and practices 
                that--
                          ``(i) effectively assist members of households 
                      participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                      assistance program in gaining skills, training, 
                      work, or experience that will increase the ability 
                      of the participants to obtain regular employment; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) are best integrated with statewide 
                      workforce development systems.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2014) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)(14), by inserting ``or a pilot 
                project under section 16(h)(1)(F)'' after 
                ``6(d)(4)(I)'';
                    (B) in subsection (e)(3)(B)(iii), by inserting ``or 
                a pilot project under section 16(h)(1)(F)'' after 
                ``6(d)(4)''; and
                    (C) in subsection (g)(3), in the first sentence, by 
                inserting ``or a pilot project under section 
                16(h)(1)(F)'' after ``6(d)''.
            (2) Section 16(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or a pilot 
                project under paragraph (1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or a pilot 
                project under paragraph (1)(F)'' after ``6(d)(4)''.
            (3) Section 17(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(hh) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(hh)) is 
        amended by inserting ``(h)(1)(F),'' after ``(g),''.

    (c) Application Date.--
            (1) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2014 note.>>  In general.--The amendments 
        made by this section (other than the amendments made by 
        subsection (a)(2)) shall apply beginning on the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2025 note.>>  Process for selecting pilot 
        programs.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
                          (i) develop and publish the process for 
                      selecting pilot projects under section 16(h)(1)(F) 
                      of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (as added by 
                      subsection (a)(1)(C)); and
                          (ii) issue such request for proposals for the 
                      independent evaluation as is determined 
                      appropriate by the Secretary.
                    (B) Application.--The Secretary shall begin 
                considering proposals not earlier than 90 days after the 
                date

[[Page 128 STAT. 809]]

                on which the Secretary completes the actions described 
                in subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Selection.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date on which the Secretary completes the actions 
                described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                select pilot projects from the applications submitted in 
                response to the request for proposals issued under 
                subparagraph (A).
            (3) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2025 note.>>  Monitoring of employment and 
        training programs.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue 
                interim final regulations implementing the amendments 
                made by subsection (a)(2).
                    (B) State action.--States shall include reporting 
                measures required under section 16(h)(5) of the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (as amended by subsection (a)(2)) 
                in the employment and training plans of the States for 
                the first full fiscal year that begins not earlier than 
                180 days after the date that the regulations described 
                in subparagraph (A) are published.
SEC. 4023. COOPERATION WITH PROGRAM RESEARCH AND EVALUATION.

    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(l) Cooperation With Program Research and Evaluation.--Subject to 
the requirements of this Act, including protections under section 
11(e)(8), States, State agencies, local agencies, institutions, 
facilities such as data consortiums, and contractors participating in 
programs authorized under this Act shall--
            ``(1) cooperate with officials and contractors acting on 
        behalf of the Secretary in the conduct of evaluations and 
        studies under this Act; and
            ``(2) submit information at such time and in such manner as 
        the Secretary may require.''.
SEC. 4024. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(a)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4025. REVIEW, REPORT, AND REGULATION OF CASH NUTRITION 
                          ASSISTANCE PROGRAM BENEFITS PROVIDED IN 
                          PUERTO RICO.

    Section 19 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2028) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Review, Report, and Regulation of Cash Nutrition Assistance 
Program Benefits Provided in Puerto Rico.--
            ``(1) Review.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall carry out a review 
        of the provision of nutrition assistance in Puerto Rico in the 
        form of cash benefits under this section that shall include--
                    ``(A) an examination of the history of and purpose 
                for distribution of a portion of monthly benefits in the 
                form of cash;
                    ``(B) an examination of current barriers to the 
                redemption of non-cash benefits by current program 
                participants and retailers;

[[Page 128 STAT. 810]]

                    ``(C) an examination of current usage of cash 
                benefits for the purchase of non-food and other 
                prohibited items;
                    ``(D) an identification and assessment of potential 
                adverse effects of the discontinuation of a portion of 
                benefits in the form of cash for program participants 
                and retailers; and
                    ``(E) an examination of such other factors as the 
                Secretary determines to be relevant.
            ``(2) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, 
        a report that describes the results of the review conducted 
        under this subsection.
            ``(3) Regulation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), and notwithstanding the second 
                sentence of subsection (b)(1)(B)(i), the Secretary shall 
                disapprove any plan submitted pursuant to subsection 
                (b)(1)(A)--
                          ``(i) for fiscal year 2017 that provides for 
                      the distribution of more than 20 percent of the 
                      nutrition assistance benefit of a participant in 
                      the form of cash;
                          ``(ii) for fiscal year 2018 that provides for 
                      the distribution of more than 15 percent of the 
                      nutrition assistance benefit of a participant in 
                      the form of cash;
                          ``(iii) for fiscal year 2019 that provides for 
                      the distribution of more than 10 percent of the 
                      nutrition assistance benefit of a participant in 
                      the form of cash;
                          ``(iv) for fiscal year 2020 that provides for 
                      the distribution of more than 5 percent of the 
                      nutrition assistance benefit of a participant in 
                      the form of cash; and
                          ``(v) for fiscal year 2021 that provides for 
                      the distribution of any portion of the nutrition 
                      assistance benefit of a participant in the form of 
                      cash.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
                the Secretary, informed by the report required under 
                paragraph (2), may approve a plan that exempts 
                participants or categories of participants if the 
                Secretary determines that discontinuation of benefits in 
                the form of cash is likely to have significant adverse 
                effects.
            ``(4) Funding.--Out of any funds made available under 
        section 18 for fiscal year 2014, the Secretary shall make 
        available to carry out the review and report described in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) $1,000,000, to remain available until 
        expended.''.
SEC. 4026. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.

    Section 25 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2034) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) in subclause (I), by inserting 
                                after ``individuals'' the following: 
                                ``through food distribution, community 
                                outreach to assist in participation in 
                                Federally assisted nutrition programs, 
                                or improving access to food as part of a 
                                comprehensive service;''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 811]]

                                    (II) in subclause (III), by 
                                inserting ``food access,'' after 
                                ``food,''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking subclause (I) 
                      and inserting the following:
                                    ``(I) equipment necessary for the 
                                efficient operation of a project;''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(2) Gleaner.--The term `gleaner' means an entity that--
                    ``(A) collects edible, surplus food that would be 
                thrown away and distributes the food to agencies or 
                nonprofit organizations that feed the hungry; or
                    ``(B) harvests for free distribution to the needy, 
                or for donation to agencies or nonprofit organizations 
                for ultimate distribution to the needy, an agricultural 
                crop that has been donated by the owner of the crop.
            ``(3) Hunger-free communities goal.--The term `hunger-free 
        communities goal' means any of the 14 goals described in House 
        Concurrent Resolution 302, 102nd Congress, agreed to October 5, 
        1992.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``fiscal year 
                2008 and each fiscal year thereafter.'' and inserting 
                the following: ``each of fiscal years 2008 through 2014; 
                and
                    ``(C) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2015 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``private nonprofit entity'' and inserting 
                ``public food program service provider, a tribal 
                organization, or a private nonprofit entity, including 
                gleaners,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' 
                      after the semicolon at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or'' 
                      after the semicolon at the end; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) efforts to reduce food insecurity in the 
                community, including food distribution, improving access 
                to services, or coordinating services and programs;'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) collaborate with 1 or more local partner organizations 
        to achieve at least 1 hunger-free communities goal.'';
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'' after the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) develop new resources and strategies to help reduce 
        food insecurity in the community and prevent food insecurity in 
        the future by--

[[Page 128 STAT. 812]]

                    ``(A) developing creative food resources;
                    ``(B) coordinating food services with park and 
                recreation programs and other community-based outlets to 
                reduce barriers to access; or
                    ``(C) creating nutrition education programs for at- 
                risk populations to enhance food-purchasing and food- 
                preparation skills and to heighten awareness of the 
                connection between diet and health.'';
            (5) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``3 years'' and 
        inserting ``5 years''; and
            (6) by striking subsections (h) and (i) and inserting the 
        following:

    ``(h) Reports to Congress.--Not later than September 30, 2014, and 
each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
that describes each grant made under this section, including--
            ``(1) a description of any activity funded;
            ``(2) the degree of success of each activity funded in 
        achieving hunger-free community goals; and
            ``(3) the degree of success in improving the long-term 
        capacity of a community to address food and agriculture problems 
        related to hunger or access to healthy food.''.
SEC. 4027. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Purchase of Commodities.--Section 27(a) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and 
        inserting ``2014 through 2018'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
                      ``2018''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                      inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) for each of fiscal years 2015 through 2018, 
                the sum obtained by adding the total dollar amount of 
                commodities specified in subparagraph (C) and--
                          ``(i) for fiscal year 2015, $50,000,000;
                          ``(ii) for fiscal year 2016, $40,000,000;
                          ``(iii) for fiscal year 2017, $20,000,000; and
                          ``(iv) for fiscal year 2018, $15,000,000; and
                    ``(E) for fiscal year 2019 and each subsequent 
                fiscal year, the total dollar amount of commodities 
                specified in subparagraph (D)(iv) adjusted by the 
                percentage by which the thrifty food plan has been 
                adjusted under section 3(u)(4) to reflect changes 
                between June 30, 2017, and June 30 of the immediately 
                preceding fiscal year.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Funds availability.--For purposes of the funds 
        described in this subsection, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) make the funds available for 2 fiscal years; 
                and
                    ``(B) allow States to carry over unexpended balances 
                to the next fiscal year pursuant to such terms and 
                conditions as are determined by the Secretary.''.

    (b) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 209(d) of 
the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7

[[Page 128 STAT. 813]]

U.S.C. 7511a(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4028. NUTRITION EDUCATION.

    Section 28(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036a(b)) is amended by inserting ``and physical activity'' after 
``healthy food choices''.
SEC. 4029. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.

    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 29. <<NOTE: 7 USC 2036b.>>  RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT 
                      TRAFFICKING.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to provide the 
Department of Agriculture with additional resources to prevent 
trafficking in violation of this Act by strengthening recipient and 
retail food store program integrity.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Additional funds are provided under this 
        section to supplement the retail food store and recipient 
        integrity activities of the Department.
            ``(2) Information technologies.--The Secretary shall use an 
        appropriate amount of the funds provided under this section to 
        employ information technologies known as data mining and data 
        warehousing and other available information technologies to 
        administer the supplemental nutrition assistance program and 
        enforce regulations promulgated under section 4(c).

    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Mandatory funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Out of any funds in the Treasury 
                not otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the 
                Treasury shall transfer to the Secretary to carry out 
                this section not less than $15,000,000 for fiscal year 
                2014, to remain available until expended.
                    ``(B) Receipt and acceptance.--The Secretary shall 
                be entitled to receive, shall accept, and shall use to 
                carry out this section the funds transferred under 
                subparagraph (A), without further appropriation.
                    ``(C) Maintenance of funding.--The funding provided 
                under subparagraph (A) shall supplement (and not 
                supplant) other Federal funding for programs carried out 
                under this Act.''.
SEC. 4030. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g), by striking ``coupon,'' the last 
        place it appears and inserting ``coupon'';
            (2) in subsection (k)(7), by striking ``or are'' and 
        inserting ``and'';
            (3) by striking subsection (l);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (m) through (t) as 
        subsections (l) through (s), respectively; and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (s) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 814]]

    ``(t) `Supplemental nutrition assistance program' means the program 
operated pursuant to this Act.''.
    (b) Section 4(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2013(a)) is amended in the last sentence by striking ``benefits'' and 
inserting ``Benefits''.
    (c) Section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) 
is amended--
            (1) in the last sentence of subsection (i)(2)(D), by 
        striking ``section 13(b)(2)'' and inserting ``section 13(b)''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (k)(4)(A), by striking ``paragraph 
        (2)(H)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)(G)''.

    (d) Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2015(d)(4)) is amended in subparagraphs (B)(vii) and (F)(iii) by 
indenting both clauses appropriately.
    (e) Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2016(h)) is amended by redesignating the second paragraph (12) (relating 
to interchange fees) as paragraph (13).
    (f) Section 9(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2018(a)) is amended by indenting paragraph (3) appropriately.
    (g) Section 12 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2021) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(3)(C), by striking ``civil money 
        penalties'' and inserting ``civil penalties''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``(7 U.S.C. 1786)'' 
        and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 1786)''.

    (h) Section 15(b)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2024(b)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``an benefit'' 
both places it appears and inserting ``a benefit''.
    (i) Section 16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(a)) is amended in the proviso following paragraph (8) by striking 
``as amended.''.
    (j) Section 18(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(e)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``sections 7(f)'' 
and inserting ``section 7(f)''.
    (k) Section 22(b)(10)(B)(i) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2031(b)(10)(B)(i)) is amended in the last sentence by striking 
``Food benefits'' and inserting ``Benefits''.
    (l) Section 26(f)(3)(C) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 2035(f)(3)(C)) is amended by striking ``subsection'' and 
inserting ``subsections''.
    (m) Section 27(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``(Public Law 98-8; 7 U.S.C. 612c 
note)'' and inserting ``(7 U.S.C. 7515)''.
    (n) Section 115 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity 
Reconciliation Act of 1996 (21 U.S.C. 862a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``food stamp program 
        (as defined in section 3(l) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977) or 
        any State program carried out under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' 
        and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance program (as 
        defined in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2012)) or any State program carried out under that Act'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``the food 
                stamp act of 1977'' and inserting ``the food and 
                nutrition act of 2008''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 815]]

                    (B) by striking ``food stamp program (as defined in 
                section 3(l) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977), or any 
                State program carried out under the Food Stamp Act of 
                1977'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program (as defined in section 3 of the Food and 
                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012)), or any State 
                program carried out under that Act''; and
            (3) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``section 3(s) of the 
        Food Stamp Act of 1977, when referring to the food stamp program 
        (as defined in section 3(l) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977) or 
        any State program carried out under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' 
        and inserting ``section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2012), when referring to the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program (as defined in that section) or any State 
        program carried out under that Act''.

    (o) Section 3803(c)(2)(C)(vii) of title 31 of the United States Code 
is amended by striking ``section 3(l)'' and inserting ``section 3''.
    (p) Section 453(j)(10) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
653(j)(10)) is amended in the paragraph heading by striking ``food stamp 
programs'' and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance program 
benefits''.
    (q) Section 1137 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b-7)--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5)(B), by striking ``food stamp'' and 
        inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``food stamp program 
        under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program established under the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.)''.

    (r) Section 1631(n) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1383) is 
amended in the subsection heading by striking ``Food Stamp'' and 
inserting ``Supplemental Nutrition Assistance''.
    (s) Section 509 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3056g) 
is amended in the section heading by striking ``food stamp programs'' 
and inserting ``supplemental nutrition assistance programs''.
    (t) Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 
1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended by striking 
``Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008''.
    (u) Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 
(7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``food stamps'' and 
        inserting ``the supplemental nutrition assistance program'';
            (2) in subsection (i)(1), by striking ``food stamps provided 
        under the Food Stamp Act of 1977'' and inserting ``supplemental 
        nutrition assistance benefits provided under the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008''; and
            (3) in subsection (l)(2)(B), by striking ``Food Stamp Act of 
        1977'' and inserting ``Food and Nutrition Act of 2008''.

    (v) Section 4115(c)(2)(H) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1871) <<NOTE: 42 USC 654.>> is 
amended by striking ``531'' and inserting ``454''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 816]]

SEC. 4031. <<NOTE: 48 USC 1841 note.>>  COMMONWEALTH OF THE 
                          NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Prior to establishing the pilot program 
        under subsection (b), the Secretary shall conduct a study to be 
        completed not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
        this Act to assess--
                    (A) the capabilities of the Commonwealth of the 
                Northern Mariana Islands to operate the supplemental 
                nutrition assistance program established under the Food 
                and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) in a 
                similar manner as the program is operated in the States 
                (as defined in section 3 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2012)); 
                and
                    (B) alternative models of the supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program operation and benefit delivery that 
                best meet the nutrition assistance needs of the 
                Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
            (2) Scope.--The study conducted under paragraph (1)(A) shall 
        assess the capability of the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands to fulfill the responsibilities of a State 
        agency (as defined in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012)), including--
                    (A) extending and limiting participation to eligible 
                households, as required by sections 5 and 6 of that Act 
                (7 U.S.C. 2014, 2015);
                    (B) issuing benefits through EBT cards, as required 
                by section 7 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2016);
                    (C) maintaining the integrity of the program, 
                including operation of a quality control system, as 
                required by section 16(c) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
                2025(c));
                    (D) implementing work requirements, including 
                operating an employment and training program, as 
                required by section 6(d) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)); 
                and
                    (E) paying a share of administrative costs with non-
                Federal funds, as required by section 16(a) of that Act 
                (7 U.S.C. 2016(a)).

    (b) Establishment.--If the Secretary determines that a pilot program 
is feasible, the Secretary shall establish a pilot program for the 
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to operate the supplemental 
nutrition assistance program in the same manner in which the program is 
operated in the States.
    (c) Scope.--The Secretary shall use the information obtained from 
the study conducted under subsection (a) to establish the scope of the 
pilot program established under subsection (b).
    (d) Report.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
a report on the pilot program carried out under this section, including 
an analysis of the feasibility of operating the supplemental nutrition 
assistance program in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands 
in the same manner in which the program is operated in the States.
    (e) Funding.--
            (1) Study.--Of the funds made available under section 
        18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        2027(a)(1)), the Secretary may use to conduct the study

[[Page 128 STAT. 817]]

        described in subsection (a) not more than $1,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 and 2015.
            (2) Pilot program.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), of the funds made available under section 18(a)(1) 
                of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                2027(a)(1)), the Secretary may use to establish and 
                carry out the pilot program under subsection (b), 
                including the Federal costs for providing technical 
                assistance to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands, authorizing and monitoring retail food stores, 
                and assessing pilot operations, not more than--
                          (i) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 2016; and
                          (ii) $8,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
                      and 2018.
                    (B) Exception.--If the Secretary determines that a 
                pilot program described in subsection (b) is not 
                feasible, the Secretary shall provide to the 
                Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands any unspent 
                funds described in subparagraph (A), which shall--
                          (i) be made available for obligation under the 
                      Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands 
                      nutrition assistance program block grant in 
                      addition to any other funds made available for 
                      that grant; and
                          (ii) remain available until expended.
SEC. 4032. <<NOTE: 7 USC 2036c.>>  ANNUAL STATE REPORT ON 
                          VERIFICATION OF SNAP PARTICIPATION.

    (a) Annual Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date specified 
by the Secretary during the 180-day period beginning on the date of 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, each State agency that 
carries out the supplemental nutrition assistance program established 
under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) shall 
submit to the Secretary a report containing sufficient information for 
the Secretary to determine whether the State agency has, for the most 
recently concluded fiscal year preceding that annual date, verified that 
the State agency in that fiscal year--
            (1) did not issue benefits to a deceased individual; and
            (2) did not issue benefits to an individual who had been 
        permanently disqualified from receiving benefits.

    (b) Penalty for Noncompliance.--For any fiscal year for which a 
State agency fails to comply with subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
impose a penalty that includes a reduction of up to 50 percent of the 
amount that would be otherwise payable to the State agency under section 
16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(a)) with 
respect to that fiscal year.
    (c) Report of Pilot Program to Test Prevention of Duplicate 
Participation.--Not later than 90 days after the completion in multiple 
States of a temporary pilot program to test the detection and prevention 
of duplicate participation by beneficiaries of the supplemental 
nutrition assistance program established under the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
assessing the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost for the expansion of 
the pilot program nationwide.

[[Page 128 STAT. 818]]

SEC. 4033. <<NOTE: 25 USC 443d.>>  SERVICE OF TRADITIONAL FOODS IN 
                          PUBLIC FACILITIES.

    (a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            (1) to provide access to traditional foods in food service 
        programs;
            (2) to encourage increased consumption of traditional foods 
        to decrease health disparities among Indians, particularly 
        Alaska Natives; and
            (3) to provide alternative food options for food service 
        programs.

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Alaska native.--The term ``Alaska Native'' means a 
        person who is a member of any Native village, Village 
        Corporation, or Regional Corporation (as those terms are defined 
        in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 
        U.S.C. 1602)).
            (2) Commissioner.--The term ``Commissioner'' means the 
        Commissioner of Food and Drugs.
            (3) Food service program.--The term ``food service program'' 
        includes--
                    (A) food service at residential child care 
                facilities that have a license from an appropriate State 
                agency;
                    (B) any child nutrition program (as that term is 
                defined in section 25(b) of the Richard B. Russell 
                National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769f(b));
                    (C) food service at hospitals, clinics, and long-
                term care facilities; and
                    (D) senior meal programs.
            (4) Indian; indian tribe.--The terms ``Indian'' and ``Indian 
        tribe'' have the meanings given those terms in section 4 of the 
        Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
        U.S.C. 450b).
            (5) Traditional food.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``traditional food'' means 
                food that has traditionally been prepared and consumed 
                by an Indian tribe.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``traditional food'' 
                includes--
                          (i) wild game meat;
                          (ii) fish;
                          (iii) seafood;
                          (iv) marine mammals;
                          (v) plants; and
                          (vi) berries.
            (6) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal organization'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).

    (c) Program.--The Secretary and the Commissioner shall allow the 
donation to and serving of traditional food through food service 
programs at public facilities and nonprofit facilities, including 
facilities operated by Indian tribes and facilities operated by tribal 
organizations, that primarily serve Indians if the operator of the food 
service program--
            (1) ensures that the food is received whole, gutted, gilled, 
        as quarters, or as a roast, without further processing;
            (2) makes a reasonable determination that--
                    (A) the animal was not diseased;

[[Page 128 STAT. 819]]

                    (B) the food was butchered, dressed, transported, 
                and stored to prevent contamination, undesirable 
                microbial growth, or deterioration; and
                    (C) the food will not cause a significant health 
                hazard or potential for human illness;
            (3) carries out any further preparation or processing of the 
        food at a different time or in a different space from the 
        preparation or processing of other food for the applicable 
        program to prevent cross-contamination;
            (4) cleans and sanitizes food-contact surfaces of equipment 
        and utensils after processing the traditional food;
            (5) labels donated traditional food with the name of the 
        food;
            (6) stores the traditional food separately from other food 
        for the applicable program, including through storage in a 
        separate freezer or refrigerator or in a separate compartment or 
        shelf in the freezer or refrigerator;
            (7) follows Federal, State, local, county, tribal, or other 
        non-Federal law regarding the safe preparation and service of 
        food in public or nonprofit facilities; and
            (8) follows other such criteria as established by the 
        Secretary and Commissioner.

    (d) Liability.--
            (1) In general.--The United States, an Indian tribe, and a 
        tribal organization shall not be liable in any civil action for 
        any damage, injury, or death caused to any person by the 
        donation to or serving of traditional foods through food service 
        programs.
            (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (1) alters 
        any liability or other obligation of the United States under the 
        Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
        U.S.C. 1450 et seq.).

               Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.

    Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 
(7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended in the first sentence 
by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.

    Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 
U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
            (1) in paragraphs (1) and (2)(B) of subsection (a), by 
        striking ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting ``2018'';
            (2) in the first sentence of subsection (d)(2), by striking 
        ``2012'' and inserting ``2018'';
            (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:

    ``(g) Eligibility.--Except as provided in subsection (m), the States 
shall only provide assistance under the commodity supplemental food 
program to low-income persons aged 60 and older.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 820]]

    ``(m) Phase-Out.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an 
individual who receives assistance under the commodity supplemental food 
program on the day before the date of enactment of this subsection shall 
continue to receive that assistance until the date on which the 
individual is no longer eligible for assistance under the eligibility 
requirements for the program in effect on the day before the date of 
enactment of this subsection.''.
SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL 
                          NUTRITION PROJECTS.

    Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (7 
U.S.C. 1431e(2)(A)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 4104. PROCESSING OF COMMODITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 17 of the Commodity Distribution Reform Act 
and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 100-237) is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and processing'' 
        after ``donations''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(c) Processing.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any program included under subsection 
        (b), the Secretary may, notwithstanding any other provision of 
        Federal or State law relating to the procurement of goods and 
        services--
                    ``(A) retain title to commodities delivered to a 
                processor, on behalf of a State (including a State 
                distributing agency and a recipient agency), until such 
                time as end products containing the commodities, or 
                similar commodities as approved by the Secretary, are 
                delivered to a State distributing agency or to a 
                recipient agency; and
                    ``(B) promulgate regulations to ensure 
                accountability for commodities provided to a processor 
                for processing into end products, and to facilitate 
                processing of commodities into end products for use by 
                recipient agencies.
            ``(2) Regulations.--The regulations described in paragraph 
        (1)(B) may provide that--
                    ``(A) a processor that receives commodities for 
                processing into end products, or provides a service with 
                respect to the commodities or end products, in 
                accordance with the agreement of the processor with a 
                State distributing agency or a recipient agency, provide 
                to the Secretary a bond or other means of financial 
                assurance to protect the value of the commodities; and
                    ``(B) in the event a processor fails to deliver to a 
                State distributing agency or a recipient agency an end 
                product in conformance with the processing agreement 
                entered into under this Act, the Secretary--
                          ``(i) take action with respect to the bond or 
                      other means of financial assurance pursuant to 
                      regulations promulgated under this subsection; and
                          ``(ii) distribute any proceeds obtained by the 
                      Secretary to 1 or more State distributing agencies 
                      and recipient agencies, as determined appropriate 
                      by the Secretary.''.

    (b) Definitions.--Section 18 of the Commodity Distribution Reform 
Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note;

[[Page 128 STAT. 821]]

Public Law 100-237) is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
inserting the following:
            ``(1) Commodities.--The term `commodities' means 
        agricultural commodities and their products that are donated by 
        the Secretary for use by recipient agencies.
            ``(2) End product.--The term `end product' means a food 
        product that contains processed commodities.''.

    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 3 of the Commodity 
Distribution Reform Act and WIC Amendments of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; 
Public Law 100-237) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (B) 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) the program established under section 4(b) of 
                the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
                2013(b));''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(D), by striking ``the Committee 
                on Education and Labor'' and inserting ``the Committee 
                on Education and the Workforce'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(ii), by striking ``section 32 of 
        the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and 
        inserting ``section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 
        612c)'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(1)(D)(iii), by striking subclause (II) 
        and inserting the following:
                                    ``(II) the program established under 
                                section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition 
                                Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b));''; and
            (4) in subsection (k), by striking ``the Committee on 
        Education and Labor'' and inserting ``the Committee on Education 
        and the Workforce''.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4201. PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR 
                          DISTRIBUTION TO SCHOOLS AND SERVICE 
                          INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 4202. PILOT PROJECT FOR PROCUREMENT OF UNPROCESSED FRUITS AND 
                          VEGETABLES.

    Section 6 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 
U.S.C. 1755) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Pilot Project for Procurement of Unprocessed Fruits and 
Vegetables.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a pilot 
        project under which the Secretary shall facilitate the 
        procurement of unprocessed fruits and vegetables in not more 
        than 8 States receiving funds under this Act.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot project required by 
        this subsection is to provide selected States flexibility for 
        the procurement of unprocessed fruits and vegetables by 
        permitting each State--
                    ``(A) to utilize multiple suppliers and products 
                established and qualified by the Secretary; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 822]]

                    ``(B) to allow geographic preference, if desired, in 
                the procurement of the products under the pilot project.
            ``(3) Selection and participation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall select States 
                for participation in the pilot project in accordance 
                with criteria established by the Secretary and terms and 
                conditions established for participation.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
                at least 1 project is located in a State in each of--
                          ``(i) the Pacific Northwest Region;
                          ``(ii) the Northeast Region;
                          ``(iii) the Western Region;
                          ``(iv) the Midwest Region; and
                          ``(v) the Southern Region.
            ``(4) Priority.--In selecting States for participation in 
        the pilot project, the Secretary shall prioritize applications 
        based on--
                    ``(A) the quantity and variety of growers of local 
                fruits and vegetables in the States on a per capita 
                basis;
                    ``(B) the demonstrated commitment of the States to 
                farm-to-school efforts, as evidenced by prior efforts to 
                increase and promote farm-to-school programs in the 
                States; and
                    ``(C) whether the States contain a sufficient 
                quantity of local educational agencies, various 
                population sizes, and geographical locations.
            ``(5) Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.--
                    ``(A) Recordkeeping requirement.--States selected to 
                participate in the pilot project, and participating 
                school food authorities within those States, shall keep 
                records of the fruits and vegetables received under the 
                pilot project in such manner and form as requested by 
                the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Reporting requirement.--Each participating 
                State shall submit to the Secretary a report on the 
                success of the pilot project in the State, including 
                information on--
                          ``(i) the quantity and cost of each type of 
                      fruit and vegetable received by the State under 
                      the pilot project; and
                          ``(ii) the benefit provided by those 
                      procurements in conducting school food service in 
                      the State, including meeting school meal 
                      requirements.''.
SEC. 4203. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 7 USC 3007 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) takes effect on October 1, 2013.
SEC. 4204. DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR AMERICANS.

    Section 301(a) of the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related 
Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341(a)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
            ``(3) Pregnant women and young children.--Not later than the 
        2020 report and in each report thereafter, the Secretaries shall 
        include national nutritional and dietary information

[[Page 128 STAT. 823]]

        and guidelines for pregnant women and children from birth until 
        the age of 2.''.
SEC. 4205. MULTIAGENCY TASK FORCE.

    Subtitle D of title II of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6951 et seq.) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
``SEC. 242. <<NOTE: 7 USC 6952.>>  MULTIAGENCY TASK FORCE.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish, in the office of 
the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services, a 
multiagency task force for the purpose of providing coordination and 
direction for commodity programs.
    ``(b) Composition.--The Task Force shall be composed of at least 4 
members, including--
            ``(1) a representative from the Food Distribution Division 
        of the Food and Nutrition Service, who shall--
                    ``(A) be appointed by the Under Secretary for Food, 
                Nutrition, and Consumer Services; and
                    ``(B) serve as Chairperson of the Task Force;
            ``(2) at least 1 representative from the Agricultural 
        Marketing Service, who shall be appointed by the Under Secretary 
        for Marketing and Regulatory Programs;
            ``(3) at least 1 representative from the Farm Services 
        Agency, who shall be appointed by the Under Secretary for Farm 
        and Foreign Agricultural Services; and
            ``(4) at least 1 representative from the Food Safety and 
        Inspection Service, who shall be appointed by the Under 
        Secretary for Food Safety.

    ``(c) Duties.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Task Force shall be responsible for 
        evaluation and monitoring of the commodity programs to ensure 
        that the commodity programs meet the mission of the Department--
                    ``(A) to support the United States farm sector; and
                    ``(B) to contribute to the health and well-being of 
                individuals in the United States through the 
                distribution of domestic agricultural products through 
                commodity programs.
            ``(2) Specific duties.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Task Force shall--
                    ``(A) review and make recommendations regarding the 
                specifications used for the procurement of food 
                commodities;
                    ``(B) review and make recommendations regarding the 
                efficient and effective distribution of food 
                commodities; and
                    ``(C) review and make recommendations regarding the 
                degree to which the quantity, quality, and 
                specifications of procured food commodities align the 
                needs of producers and the preferences of recipient 
                agencies.

    ``(d) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this section, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report that describes, for the period covered by the report--
            ``(1) the findings and recommendations of the Task Force; 
        and
            ``(2) policies implemented for the improvement of commodity 
        procurement programs.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 824]]

SEC. 4206. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.

    Subtitle D of title II of the Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6951 et seq.) (as amended by 
section 4205) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 243. <<NOTE: 7 USC 6953.>>  HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING 
                        INITIATIVE.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to enhance the 
authorities of the Secretary to support efforts to provide access to 
healthy food by establishing an initiative to improve access to healthy 
foods in underserved areas, to create and preserve quality jobs, and to 
revitalize low-income communities by providing loans and grants to 
eligible fresh, healthy food retailers to overcome the higher costs and 
initial barriers to entry in underserved areas.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Community development financial institution.--The term 
        `community development financial institution' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 103 of the Community Development 
        Banking and Financial Institutions Act of 1994 (12 U.S.C. 4702).
            ``(2) Initiative.--The term `Initiative' means the Healthy 
        Food Financing Initiative established under subsection (c)(1).
            ``(3) National fund manager.--The term `national fund 
        manager' means a community development financial institution 
        that is--
                    ``(A) in existence on the date of enactment of this 
                section; and
                    ``(B) certified by the Community Development 
                Financial Institution Fund of the Department of Treasury 
                to manage the Initiative for purposes of--
                          ``(i) raising private capital;
                          ``(ii) providing financial and technical 
                      assistance to partnerships; and
                          ``(iii) funding eligible projects to attract 
                      fresh, healthy food retailers to underserved 
                      areas, in accordance with this section.
            ``(4) Partnership.--The term `partnership' means a regional, 
        State, or local public-private partnership that--
                    ``(A) is organized to improve access to fresh, 
                healthy foods;
                    ``(B) provides financial and technical assistance to 
                eligible projects; and
                    ``(C) meets such other criteria as the Secretary may 
                establish.
            ``(5) Perishable food.--The term `perishable food' means a 
        staple food that is fresh, refrigerated, or frozen.
            ``(6) Quality job.--The term `quality job' means a job that 
        provides wages and other benefits comparable to, or better than, 
        similar positions in existing businesses of similar size in 
        similar local economies.
            ``(7) Staple food.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `staple food' means food 
                that is a basic dietary item.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `staple food' includes--
                          ``(i) bread or cereal;
                          ``(ii) flour;
                          ``(iii) fruits;
                          ``(iv) vegetables;

[[Page 128 STAT. 825]]

                          ``(v) meat; and
                          ``(vi) dairy products.

    ``(c) Initiative.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        initiative to achieve the purpose described in subsection (a) in 
        accordance with this subsection.
            ``(2) Implementation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In carrying out the 
                      Initiative, the Secretary shall provide funding to 
                      entities with eligible projects, as described in 
                      subparagraph (B), subject to the priorities 
                      described in subparagraph (C).
                          ``(ii) Use of funds.--Funds provided to an 
                      entity pursuant to clause (i) shall be used--
                                    ``(I) to create revolving loan pools 
                                of capital or other products to provide 
                                loans to finance eligible projects or 
                                partnerships;
                                    ``(II) to provide grants for 
                                eligible projects or partnerships;
                                    ``(III) to provide technical 
                                assistance to funded projects and 
                                entities seeking Initiative funding; and
                                    ``(IV) to cover administrative 
                                expenses of the national fund manager in 
                                an amount not to exceed 10 percent of 
                                the Federal funds provided.
                    ``(B) Eligible projects.--Subject to the approval of 
                the Secretary, the national fund manager shall establish 
                eligibility criteria for projects under the Initiative, 
                which shall include the existence or planned execution 
                of agreements--
                          ``(i) to expand or preserve the availability 
                      of staple foods in underserved areas with 
                      moderate- and low-income populations by 
                      maintaining or increasing the number of retail 
                      outlets that offer an assortment of perishable 
                      food and staple food items, as determined by the 
                      Secretary, in those areas; and
                          ``(ii) to accept benefits under the 
                      supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                      established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 
                      2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).
                    ``(C) Priorities.--In carrying out the Initiative, 
                priority shall be given to projects that--
                          ``(i) are located in severely distressed low-
                      income communities, as defined by the Community 
                      Development Financial Institutions Fund of the 
                      Department of Treasury; and
                          ``(ii) include 1 or more of the following 
                      characteristics:
                                    ``(I) The project will create or 
                                retain quality jobs for low-income 
                                residents in the community.
                                    ``(II) The project supports regional 
                                food systems and locally grown foods, to 
                                the maximum extent practicable.
                                    ``(III) In areas served by public 
                                transit, the project is accessible by 
                                public transit.
                                    ``(IV) The project involves women- 
                                or minority-owned businesses.

[[Page 128 STAT. 826]]

                                    ``(V) The project receives funding 
                                from other sources, including other 
                                Federal agencies.
                                    ``(VI) The project otherwise 
                                advances the purpose of this section, as 
                                determined by the Secretary.

    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $125,000,000, to 
remain available until expended.''.
SEC. 4207. PURCHASE OF HALAL AND KOSHER FOOD FOR EMERGENCY FOOD 
                          ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 202 of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 
7502) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Kosher and Halal Food.--As soon as practicable after the date 
of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall finalize and 
implement a plan--
            ``(1) to increase the purchase of Kosher and Halal food from 
        food manufacturers with a Kosher or Halal certification to carry 
        out the program established under this Act if the Kosher and 
        Halal food purchased is cost neutral as compared to food that is 
        not from food manufacturers with a Kosher or Halal 
        certification; and
            ``(2) to modify the labeling of the commodities list used to 
        carry out the program in a manner that enables Kosher and Halal 
        distribution entities to identify which commodities to obtain 
        from local food banks.''.
SEC. 4208. FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE.

    Section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7517) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 4405. FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE.

    ``(a) In General.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a nonprofit organization (including an 
                emergency feeding organization);
                    ``(B) an agricultural cooperative;
                    ``(C) a producer network or association;
                    ``(D) a community health organization;
                    ``(E) a public benefit corporation;
                    ``(F) an economic development corporation;
                    ``(G) a farmers' market;
                    ``(H) a community-supported agriculture program;
                    ``(I) a buying club;
                    ``(J) a retail food store participating in the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program;
                    ``(K) a State, local, or tribal agency; and
                    ``(L) any other entity the Secretary designates.
            ``(2) Emergency feeding organization.--The term `emergency 
        feeding organization' has the meaning given the term in section 
        201A of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 
        7501).
            ``(3) Supplemental nutrition assistance program.--The term 
        `supplemental nutrition assistance program' means the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program established under the 
        Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).

    ``(b) Food Insecurity Nutrition Incentive Grants.--
            ``(1) Authorization.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 827]]

                    ``(A) In general.--In each of the years specified in 
                subsection (c), the Secretary shall make grants to 
                eligible entities in accordance with paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                of carrying out an activity under this subsection shall 
                not exceed 50 percent of the total cost of the activity.
                    ``(C) Non-federal share.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The non-Federal share of 
                      the cost of an activity under this subsection may 
                      be provided--
                                    ``(I) in cash or in-kind 
                                contributions as determined by the 
                                Secretary, including facilities, 
                                equipment, or services; and
                                    ``(II) by a State or local 
                                government or a private source.
                          ``(ii) Limitation.--In the case of a for-
                      profit entity, the non-Federal share described in 
                      clause (i) shall not include services of an 
                      employee, including salaries paid or expenses 
                      covered by the employer.
            ``(2) Criteria.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this subsection, 
                an eligible entity is a governmental agency or nonprofit 
                organization that--
                          ``(i) meets the application criteria set forth 
                      by the Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) proposes a project that, at a minimum--
                                    ``(I) has the support of the State 
                                agency;
                                    ``(II) would increase the purchase 
                                of fruits and vegetables by low-income 
                                consumers participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program by providing incentives at the 
                                point of purchase;
                                    ``(III) agrees to participate in the 
                                evaluation described in paragraph (4);
                                    ``(IV) ensures that the same terms 
                                and conditions apply to purchases made 
                                by individuals with benefits issued 
                                under this Act and incentives provided 
                                for in this subsection as apply to 
                                purchases made by individuals who are 
                                not members of households receiving 
                                benefits, such as provided for in 
                                section 278.2(b) of title 7, Code of 
                                Federal Regulations (or a successor 
                                regulation); and
                                    ``(V) includes effective and 
                                efficient technologies for benefit 
                                redemption systems that may be 
                                replicated in other States and 
                                communities.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In awarding grants under this 
                section, the Secretary shall give priority to projects 
                that--
                          ``(i) maximize the share of funds used for 
                      direct incentives to participants;
                          ``(ii) use direct-to-consumer sales marketing;
                          ``(iii) demonstrate a track record of 
                      designing and implementing successful nutrition 
                      incentive programs that connect low-income 
                      consumers and agricultural producers;
                          ``(iv) provide locally or regionally produced 
                      fruits and vegetables;
                          ``(v) are located in underserved communities; 
                      or

[[Page 128 STAT. 828]]

                          ``(vi) address other criteria as established 
                      by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Applicability.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The value of any benefit provided 
                to a participant in any activity funded under this 
                subsection shall be treated as supplemental nutrition 
                benefits under section 8(b) of the Food and Nutrition 
                Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2017(b)).
                    ``(B) Prohibition on collection of sales taxes.--
                Each State shall ensure that no State or local tax is 
                collected on a purchase of food under this subsection.
                    ``(C) No limitation on benefits.--A grant made 
                available under this subsection shall not be used to 
                carry out any project that limits the use of benefits 
                under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 
                et seq.) or any other Federal nutrition law.
                    ``(D) Household allotment.--Assistance provided 
                under this subsection to households receiving benefits 
                under the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                shall not--
                          ``(i) be considered part of the supplemental 
                      nutrition assistance program benefits of the 
                      household; or
                          ``(ii) be used in the collection or 
                      disposition of claims under section 13 of the Food 
                      and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2022).
            ``(4) Evaluation.--
                    ``(A) Independent evaluation.--The Secretary shall 
                provide for an independent evaluation of projects 
                selected under this subsection that measures the impact 
                of each project on--
                          ``(i) improving the nutrition and health 
                      status of participating households receiving 
                      incentives under this subsection; and
                          ``(ii) increasing fruit and vegetable 
                      purchases in participating households.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--The independent evaluation under 
                subparagraph (A) shall use rigorous methodologies 
                capable of producing scientifically valid information 
                regarding the effectiveness of a project.
                    ``(C) Costs.--The Secretary may use funds not to 
                exceed 10 percent of the funding provided to carry out 
                this section to pay costs associated with administering, 
                monitoring, and evaluating each project.

    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out subsection (b) $5,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out 
        subsection (b)--
                    ``(A) $35,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
                2014 and 2015;
                    ``(B) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 and 
                2017; and
                    ``(C) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 829]]

SEC. 4209. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SERVICE LEARNING PROGRAM.

    Title IV of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
``SEC. 413. <<NOTE: 7 USC 7633.>>  FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SERVICE 
                        LEARNING PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations 
under subsection (e), the Secretary, acting through the Director of the 
National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and working in consultation 
with other appropriate Federal agencies that oversee national service 
programs, shall administer a competitively awarded food and agriculture 
service learning grant program (referred to in this section as the 
`Program') to increase knowledge of agriculture and improve the 
nutritional health of children.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Program are--
            ``(1) to increase capacity for food, garden, and nutrition 
        education within host organizations or entities and school 
        cafeterias and in the classroom;
            ``(2) to complement and build on the efforts of the farm to 
        school programs implemented under section 18(g) of the Richard 
        B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769(g));
            ``(3) to complement efforts by the Department and school 
        food authorities to implement the school lunch program 
        established under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) and the school breakfast program 
        established by section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 
        U.S.C. 1773);
            ``(4) to carry out activities that advance the nutritional 
        health of children and nutrition education in elementary schools 
        and secondary schools (as those terms are defined in section 
        9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 7801)); and
            ``(5) to foster higher levels of community engagement and 
        support the expansion of national service and volunteer 
        opportunities.

    ``(c) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the Program, the Director 
        of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture shall make 
        competitive grants to eligible entities that carry out the 
        purposes described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection 
        (b).
            ``(2) Priorities.--In making grants under this section, the 
        Secretary may consider projects that are carried out by entities 
        that--
                    ``(A) have a proven track record in carrying out the 
                purposes described in subsection (b);
                    ``(B) work in underserved rural and urban 
                communities;
                    ``(C) teach and engage children in experiential 
                learning about agriculture, gardening, nutrition, 
                cooking, and where food comes from; and
                    ``(D) facilitate a connection between elementary 
                schools and secondary schools and agricultural producers 
                in the local and regional area.

    ``(d) Accountability.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 830]]

            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may require a partner 
        organization or other qualified entity to collect and report any 
        data on the activities carried out under the Program, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) conduct regular evaluations of the activities 
                carried out under the Program; and
                    ``(B) submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report that includes a description of the results of 
                each evaluation conducted under subparagraph (A).

    ``(e) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out the Program $25,000,000, to 
        remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Administration.--Paragraphs (4), (7), (8), and (11)(B) 
        of subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
        Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)) shall apply with respect 
        to the making of a competitive grant under this section.
            ``(3) Maintenance of effort.--Funds made available under 
        paragraph (1) shall be used only to supplement, not to supplant, 
        the amount of Federal funding otherwise expended for nutrition, 
        research, and extension programs of the Department.''.
SEC. 4210. NUTRITION INFORMATION AND AWARENESS PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 4403 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3171 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.
SEC. 4211. TERMINATION OF EXISTING AGREEMENT.

    Effective beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
memorandum of understanding entered into on July 22, 2004, by the 
Secretary of Agriculture of the United States Department of Agriculture 
and the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Mexico and known 
as the ``Partnership for Nutrition Assistance Initiative'' is null and 
void.
SEC. 4212. REVIEW OF SOLE-SOURCE CONTRACTS IN FEDERAL NUTRITION 
                          PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct an evaluation of sole-
source contracts in Federal nutrition programs carried out by the 
Secretary, and the effect the contracts have on program participation, 
program goals, nonprogram consumers, retailers, and free market 
dynamics.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the 
findings of the review conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 4213. <<NOTE: 42 USC 1755b.>>  PULSE CROP PRODUCTS.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage greater 
awareness and interest in the number and variety of pulse crop products 
available to schoolchildren, as recommended by the

[[Page 128 STAT. 831]]

most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 301 
of the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 
U.S.C. 5341).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible pulse crop.--The term ``eligible pulse crop'' 
        means dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas.
            (2) Pulse crop product.--The term ``pulse crop product'' 
        means a food product derived in whole or in part from an 
        eligible pulse crop.

    (c) Purchase of Pulse Crops and Pulse Crop Products.--In addition to 
the commodities delivered under section 6 of the Richard B. Russell 
National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1755), subject to the availability 
of appropriations, the Secretary shall purchase eligible pulse crops and 
pulse crop products for use in--
            (1) the school lunch program established under the Richard 
        B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.); 
        and
            (2) the school breakfast program established by section 4 of 
        the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773).

    (d) Evaluation.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the Secretary 
shall conduct an evaluation of the activities conducted under subsection 
(c), including--
            (1) an evaluation of whether children participating in the 
        school lunch and breakfast programs described in subsection (c) 
        increased overall consumption of eligible pulse crops as a 
        result of the activities;
            (2) an evaluation of which eligible pulse crops and pulse 
        crop products are most acceptable for use in the school lunch 
        and breakfast programs;
            (3) any recommendations of the Secretary regarding the 
        integration of the use of pulse crop products in carrying out 
        the school lunch and breakfast programs;
            (4) an evaluation of any change in the nutrient composition 
        in the school lunch and breakfast programs due to the 
        activities; and
            (5) an evaluation of any other outcomes determined to be 
        appropriate by the Secretary.

    (e) Report.--As soon as practicable after the completion of the 
evaluation under subsection (d), the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the 
Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representative 
a report describing the results of the evaluation.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000, to remain available 
until expended.
SEC. 4214. <<NOTE: 42 USC 1769a note.>>  PILOT PROJECT FOR CANNED, 
                          FROZEN, OR DRIED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

    (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), in the 2014-2015 school 
year, the Secretary shall carry out a pilot project in schools 
participating in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program under section 19 
of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769a) 
(referred to in this section as the ``Program''), in not less than 5 
States, to evaluate the impact of allowing schools to offer canned, 
frozen, or dried fruits and vegetables as part of the Program.

[[Page 128 STAT. 832]]

    (b) Requirements.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish criteria for the 
conditions under which canned, frozen, or dried fruits and vegetables 
may be offered, which shall be in accordance with the most recent 
Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 301 of the 
National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
5341).
    (c) Evaluation.--With respect to the pilot project, the Secretary 
shall evaluate--
            (1) the impacts on fruit and vegetable consumption at the 
        schools participating in the pilot project;
            (2) the impacts of the pilot project on school participation 
        in the Program and operation of the Program;
            (3) the implementation strategies used by the schools 
        participating in the pilot project;
            (4) the acceptance of the pilot project by key stakeholders; 
        and
            (5) such other outcomes as are determined by the Secretary.

    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than January 1, 2015, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and 
        Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
        describes the results of the evaluation under subsection (c).
            (2) Final report.--On completion of the pilot project, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and 
        Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
        describes the results of the evaluation under subsection (c).

    (e) Notice of Availability.--As soon as practicable after the date 
on which the Secretary establishes the criteria for the pilot project 
under subsection (b), the Secretary shall notify potentially eligible 
schools of the potential eligibility of the schools for participation in 
the pilot project.
    (f) Relationship to Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program.--Nothing in 
this section permits a school that is not a part of the pilot project to 
offer anything other than fresh fruits and vegetables through the 
Program.
    (g) Funding.--The Secretary shall use $5,000,000 of amounts 
otherwise made available to the Secretary to carry out this section.

                             TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5001. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 302(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and inserting the 
        following:

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';

[[Page 128 STAT. 833]]

            (2) in the first sentence, by striking ``and limited 
        liability companies'' and inserting ``limited liability 
        companies, and such other legal entities as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate,'';
            (3) in the second sentence, by redesignating paragraphs (1) 
        through (4) as subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively;
            (4) in each of the second and third sentences, by striking 
        ``and limited liability companies'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
        entities'';
            (5) in the third sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``clause (3)'' and inserting 
                ``subparagraph (C)'';
                    (B) by striking ``clause (4)'' and inserting 
                ``subparagraph (D)''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Special rules.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility of certain operating-only 
                entities.--An entity that is or will become only the 
                operator of a family farm shall be considered to meet 
                the owner-operator requirements of paragraph (1) if the 
                individuals that are the owners of the family farm own 
                more than 50 percent (or such other percentage as the 
                Secretary determines is appropriate) of the entity.
                    ``(B) Eligibility of certain embedded entities.--An 
                entity that is an owner-operator described in paragraph 
                (1), or an operator described in subparagraph (A) of 
                this paragraph that is owned, in whole or in part, by 
                other entities, shall be considered to meet the direct 
                ownership requirement imposed under paragraph (1) if at 
                least 75 percent of the ownership interests of each 
                embedded entity of the entity is owned directly or 
                indirectly by the individuals that own the family 
                farm.''.

    (b) Direct Farm Ownership Experience Requirement.--Section 302(b)(1) 
of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(b)(1)) 
is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting ``or 
has other acceptable experience for a period of time, as determined by 
the Secretary,'' after ``3 years''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 304(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)(2)) by striking ``paragraphs 
        (1) and (2) of section 302(a)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B) of section 302(a)(1)''.
            (2) Section 310D(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1934(a)) is amended in the second 
        sentence--
                    (A) by inserting after ``partnership'' the 
                following: ``, or such other legal entities as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``or partners'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``partners, or owners''.
SEC. 5002. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 304(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(c)) is amended by striking ``or limited 
liability companies'' and inserting ``limited liability

[[Page 128 STAT. 834]]

companies, or such other legal entities as the Secretary considers 
appropriate''.
    (b) Limitations Applicable to Loan Guarantees.--Section 304(e) of 
the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(e)) is 
amended by striking ``shall be 75 percent of the principal amount of the 
loan.'' and inserting ``shall be--
            ``(1) 80 percent of the principal amount of the loan; or
            ``(2) in the case of a producer that is a qualified socially 
        disadvantaged farmer or rancher or a beginning farmer or 
        rancher, 90 percent of the principal amount of the loan.''.

    (c) Extension of Program.--Section 304 of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924) is amended by striking subsection 
(h) and inserting the following:
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $150,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 5003. JOINT FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS.

    Section 307(a)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1927(a)(3)) is amended by striking subparagraph (D) and 
inserting the following:
                    ``(D) Joint financing arrangements.--If a direct 
                farm ownership loan is made under this subtitle as part 
                of a joint financing arrangement and the amount of the 
                direct farm ownership loan does not exceed 50 percent of 
                the total principal amount financed under the 
                arrangement, the interest rate on the direct farm 
                ownership loan shall be a rate equal to the greater of--
                          ``(i) the difference between--
                                    ``(I) 2 percent; and
                                    ``(II) the interest rate for farm 
                                ownership loans under this subtitle; or
                          ``(ii) 2.5 percent.''.
SEC. 5004. ELIMINATION OF MINERAL RIGHTS APPRAISAL REQUIREMENT.

    Section 307 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1927) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 5005. DOWN PAYMENT LOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 310E(b)(1)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(b)(1)(C)) is amended by striking 
``$500,000'' and inserting ``$667,000''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 310E(b) of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1935(b)) is amended by striking 
paragraph (2) (as added by section 7(a) of Public Law 102-554; 106 Stat. 
4145).

                       Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5101. ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 311(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1941(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--The'' and inserting the 
        following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 835]]

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Eligibility requirements.--The'';
            (2) in the first sentence, by striking ``and limited 
        liability companies'' and inserting `` limited liability 
        companies, and such other legal entities as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate,'';
            (3) in the second sentence, by redesignating paragraphs (1) 
        through (4) as subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively;
            (4) in each of the second and third sentences, by striking 
        ``and limited liability companies'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
        entities'';
            (5) in the third sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``clause (3)'' and inserting 
                ``subparagraph (C)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``clause (4)'' and inserting 
                ``subparagraph (D)''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Special rule.--An entity that is an operator described 
        in paragraph (1) that is owned, in whole or in part, by other 
        entities, shall be considered to meet the direct ownership 
        requirement imposed under paragraph (1) if at least 75 percent 
        of the ownership interests of each embedded entity of the entity 
        is owned directly or indirectly by the individuals that own the 
        family farm.''.
SEC. 5102. ELIMINATION OF RURAL RESIDENCY REQUIREMENT FOR 
                          OPERATING LOANS TO YOUTH.

    Section 311(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1941(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``who are rural 
residents''.
SEC. 5103. DEFAULTS BY YOUTH LOAN BORROWERS.

    Section 311(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1941(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Equitable considerations for default.--
                    ``(A) Debt forgiveness.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may, on a 
                      case-by-case basis, provide debt forgiveness to a 
                      borrower for a loan made under this subsection if 
                      the borrower was unable to timely repay the loan 
                      due to circumstances beyond the control of the 
                      borrower, as determined by the Secretary, 
                      including any natural disaster, act of terrorism, 
                      or other man-made disaster that results in an 
                      inordinate level of damage or disruption severely 
                      affecting the borrower.
                          ``(ii) Eligibility for future loans.--
                      Notwithstanding any other provision of law, debt 
                      forgiveness provided under this subparagraph shall 
                      not be used by any Federal agency in determining 
                      the eligibility of the borrower for any loan made 
                      or guaranteed by the agency.
                    ``(B) Education loans.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, if a borrower becomes delinquent or is 
                provided with debt forgiveness with respect to a youth 
                loan made under this subsection, the borrower shall not 
                become ineligible, as a result of the delinquency or 
                debt

[[Page 128 STAT. 836]]

                forgiveness, to receive loans and loan guarantees from 
                the Federal Government to pay for education expenses of 
                the borrower.''.
SEC. 5104. TERM LIMITS ON DIRECT OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 311(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1941(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Annual report on term limits on direct operating 
        loans.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall prepare a 
                report annually that describes--
                          ``(i) the status of the direct operating loan 
                      program of the Department of Agriculture; and
                          ``(ii) the impact of term limits on direct 
                      loan borrowers.
                    ``(B) Demographic information.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The report shall provide a 
                      demographic breakdown, on a State-by-State basis, 
                      of--
                                    ``(I) all direct loan borrowers; and
                                    ``(II) borrowers that have reached 
                                the eligibility limit for direct lending 
                                programs during the previous calendar 
                                year.
                          ``(ii) Demographic information.--The available 
                      demographic information shall include, to the 
                      maximum extent practicable, a description of race 
                      or ethnicity, gender, age, type of farm or ranch, 
                      financial classification, number of years of 
                      indebtedness, veteran status, and other similar 
                      information, as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Additional content.--In addition to 
                information described in subparagraph (B), the report 
                shall provide--
                          ``(i) a demographic analysis of the borrowers 
                      impacted by term limits;
                          ``(ii) information on the conditions impacting 
                      the direct lending portfolio of the Department of 
                      Agriculture, including impacts by region and 
                      agriculture sector, and credit availability within 
                      those regions and sectors;
                          ``(iii) to the maximum extent practicable, 
                      information on the status of borrower operations 
                      impacted by term limits; and
                          ``(iv) recommendations, if appropriate, to 
                      address any identifiable unmet credit needs.
                    ``(D) Submission.--The Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) annually submit to the Committee on 
                      Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
                      the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                      Forestry of the Senate a copy of the report; and
                          ``(ii) make the report available to the 
                      public, including posting the report on the 
                      website of the Department of Agriculture.''.
SEC. 5105. VALUATION OF LOCAL OR REGIONAL CROPS.

    Section 312 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1942) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Valuation of Local or Regional Crops.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop ways to 
        determine unit prices (or other appropriate forms of valuation)

[[Page 128 STAT. 837]]

        for crops and other agricultural products, the end use of which 
        is intended to be in locally or regionally produced agricultural 
        food products, to facilitate lending to local and regional food 
        producers.
            ``(2) Price history.--The Secretary shall implement a 
        mechanism for local and regional food producers to establish 
        price history for the crops and other agricultural products 
        produced by local and regional food producers.''.
SEC. 5106. MICROLOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(c) Microloans.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        may establish a program to make or guarantee microloans.
            ``(2) Limitations.--The Secretary shall not make or 
        guarantee a microloan under this subsection that would cause the 
        total principal indebtedness outstanding at any 1 time for 
        microloans made under this title to any 1 borrower to exceed 
        $50,000.
            ``(3) Applications.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
        Secretary shall limit the administrative burdens and streamline 
        the application and approval process for microloans under this 
        subsection.
            ``(4) Cooperative lending pilot projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), 
                during each of the 2014 through 2018 fiscal years, the 
                Secretary may carry out a pilot project to make loans to 
                community development financial institutions, as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate--
                          ``(i) to make or guarantee microloans 
                      consistent with the terms provided under this 
                      subsection; and
                          ``(ii) to provide business, financial, 
                      marketing, and credit management services to 
                      microloan borrowers.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--Prior to making a loan to an 
                institution described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall--
                          ``(i) review and approve--
                                    ``(I) the loan loss reserve fund for 
                                microloans established by the 
                                institution; and
                                    ``(II) the underwriting standards 
                                for microloans of the institution; and
                          ``(ii) establish such other requirements for 
                      making a loan to the institution as the Secretary 
                      determines necessary.
                    ``(C) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a loan under 
                subparagraph (A), an institution described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall, as determined by the Secretary--
                          ``(i) have the legal authority necessary to 
                      carry out the actions described in subparagraph 
                      (A);
                          ``(ii) have a proven track record of 
                      successfully assisting agricultural borrowers; and
                          ``(iii) have the services of a staff with 
                      appropriate loan making and servicing expertise.
                    ``(D) Oversight.--Not less often than annually, on a 
                date determined by the Secretary, an institution that 
                has

[[Page 128 STAT. 838]]

                a loan under this paragraph shall provide to the 
                Secretary such information as the Secretary may require 
                to ensure that the services provided by the institution 
                are serving the purposes of this subsection.
                    ``(E) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not make more 
                than $10,000,000 in loans under this paragraph in any 
                fiscal year.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 311(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1941(c)) is amended by striking 
        paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Definition of direct operating loan.--In this 
        subsection, the term `direct operating loan' does not include--
                    ``(A) a loan made to a youth under subsection (b); 
                or
                    ``(B) a microloan made to a beginning farmer or 
                rancher or a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in 
                section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
                and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)).''.
            (2) Section 312(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1942(a)) is amended in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ``(including a microloan, 
        as defined by the Secretary)'' after ``A direct loan''.
            (3) Section 316(a)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1946(a)(2)) is amended in the matter 
        preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting ``a microloan to a 
        beginning farmer or rancher or veteran farmer or rancher (as 
        defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)), or'' 
        after ``The interest rate on''.
SEC. 5107. TERM LIMITS ON GUARANTEED OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 319 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1949) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``(a) Graduation Plan.--
        ''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).

                       Subtitle C--Emergency Loans

SEC. 5201. ELIGIBILITY FOR EMERGENCY LOANS.

    Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``owner-operators (in the case of loans for 
        a purpose under subtitle A) or operators (in the case of loans 
        for a purpose under subtitle B)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``(in the case of farm ownership loans in accordance 
        with subtitle A) owner-operators or operators, or (in the case 
        of loans for a purpose under subtitle B) operators'';
            (2) in the first sentence--
                    (A) by inserting ``, or such other legal entities as 
                the Secretary considers appropriate'' after ``limited 
                liability companies'' the first place it appears;
                    (B) by inserting ``, or other legal entities'' after 
                ``limited liability companies'' the second place it 
                appears; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 839]]

                    (C) by striking ``and limited liability companies,'' 
                and inserting ``limited liability companies, and such 
                other legal entities'';
            (3) in the second sentence, by striking ``ownership and 
        operator'' and inserting ``ownership or operator''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following: ``An entity that is 
        an owner-operator or operator described in this subsection shall 
        be considered to meet the direct ownership requirement imposed 
        under this subsection if at least 75 percent of the ownership 
        interests of each embedded entity of the entity is owned 
        directly or indirectly by the individuals that own the family 
        farm.''.

                  Subtitle D--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT 
                          ACCOUNTS PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 5302. FARMER LOAN PILOT PROJECTS.

    Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is 
amended by inserting after section 333C (7 U.S.C. 1983c) the following:
``SEC. 333D. <<NOTE: 7 USC 1983d.>>  FARMER LOAN PILOT PROJECTS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may conduct pilot projects of 
limited scope and duration that are consistent with subtitle A through 
this subtitle to evaluate processes and techniques that may improve the 
efficiency and effectiveness of the programs carried out under subtitle 
A through this subtitle.
    ``(b) Notification.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) not less than 60 days before the date on which the 
        Secretary initiates a pilot project under subsection (a), submit 
        notice of the proposed pilot project to the Committee on 
        Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate; and
            ``(2) consider any recommendations or feedback provided to 
        the Secretary in response to the notice provided under paragraph 
        (1).''.
SEC. 5303. DEFINITION OF QUALIFIED BEGINNING FARMER OR RANCHER.

    (a) In General.--Section 343(a)(11) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)) is amended in subparagraphs 
(C) and (D)--
            (1) by striking ``or joint operation,'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``joint operation, or such other legal 
        entity as the Secretary considers appropriate,'';
            (2) by striking ``or joint operators,'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``joint operators, or owners,''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``corporation, has 
        stockholders,'' each place it appears in clauses (i)(II)(bb) and 
        (ii)(II)(bb) and inserting ``cooperative, corporation, 
        partnership, joint operation, or other such legal entity as the 
        Secretary

[[Page 128 STAT. 840]]

        considers appropriate, has members, stockholders, partners, or 
        joint operators,''.

    (b) Modification of Acreage Ownership Limitation.--Section 
343(a)(11)(F) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(F)) is amended by striking ``median acreage'' and 
inserting ``average acreage''.
SEC. 5304. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.

    Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph 
(A) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 5305. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.

    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``of the total amount''.
SEC. 5306. BORROWER TRAINING.

    Section 359(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2006a(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``section 302(a)(2) or 
311(a)(2)'' and inserting ``section 302(a)(1)(B) or 311(a)(1)(B)''.

                        Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

SEC. 5401. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 506 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) 
is amended by striking ``2015'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 5402. LOANS TO PURCHASERS OF HIGHLY FRACTIONATED LAND.

    The first section of Public Law 91-229 (25 U.S.C. 488) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by striking 
        ``loans from'' and all that follows through ``1929)'' and 
        inserting ``direct loans in a manner consistent with direct 
        loans pursuant to subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1981 et seq.)''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``pursuant to section 205(c) of the 
                Indian Land Consolidation Act (25 U.S.C. 2204(c))''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or to intermediaries in order to 
                establish revolving loan funds for the purchase of 
                highly fractionated land under that section'' before the 
                period at the end.
SEC. 5403. <<NOTE: 25 USC 488a.>>  REMOVAL OF DUPLICATIVE 
                          APPRAISALS.

    Notwithstanding any other law (including regulations), in making 
loans under the first section of Public Law 91-229 (25 U.S.C. 488), 
borrowers who are Indian tribes, members of Indian tribes, or tribal 
corporations shall only be required to obtain 1 appraisal under an 
appraisal standard recognized as of the date of enactment of this Act by 
the Secretary or the Secretary of the Interior.
SEC. 5404. <<NOTE: 12 USC 2252 note.>>  COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE BY 
                          FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that --

[[Page 128 STAT. 841]]

            (1) the reasonable disclosure to stockholders by Farm Credit 
        System institutions regarding the compensation of Farm Credit 
        System institution senior officers is beneficial to 
        stockholders' understanding of the operation of their 
        institutions;
            (2) transparency regarding compensation practices reinforces 
        the cooperative nature of Farm Credit System institutions;
            (3) the unique cooperative structure of the Farm Credit 
        System should be considered when promulgating rules;
            (4) the participation of stockholders in the election of the 
        boards of directors of Farm Credit System institutions provides 
        stockholders the opportunity to participate in the management of 
        their institutions;
            (5) as representatives of stockholders, the boards of 
        directors of Farm Credit System institutions importantly 
        establish and oversee the compensation practices of Farm Credit 
        System institutions to ensure the safe and sound operation of 
        those institutions; and
            (6) any regulation should strengthen and not hinder the 
        ability of Farm Credit System boards of directors to oversee 
        compensation practices.

    (b) Implementation.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Farm Credit Administration shall review its 
rules to reflect Congressional intent that a primary responsibility of 
the boards of directors of Farm Credit System institutions, as elected 
representatives of their stockholders, is to oversee compensation 
practices.

                       TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

SEC. 6001. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY GRANTS.

    Section 306(a)(2)(B)(vii) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)(vii)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6002. ELIMINATION OF RESERVATION OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES 
                          GRANT PROGRAM FUNDS.

    Section 306(a)(19) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(19)) is amended by striking subparagraph (C).
SEC. 6003. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

    Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (22) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(22) Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall continue a 
                national rural water and wastewater circuit rider 
                program that--

[[Page 128 STAT. 842]]

                          ``(i) is consistent with the activities and 
                      results of the program conducted before the date 
                      of enactment of this clause, as determined by the 
                      Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) receives funding from the Secretary, 
                      acting through the Rural Utilities Service.
                    ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
                paragraph $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter.''.
SEC. 6004. USE OF LOAN GUARANTEES FOR COMMUNITY FACILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(24) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(24)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                    ``(C) Use of loan guarantees for community 
                facilities.--The Secretary shall consider the benefits 
                to communities that result from using loan guarantees in 
                carrying out the community facilities program and, to 
                the maximum extent practicable, use guarantees to 
                enhance community involvement.''.
SEC. 6005. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
                          FACILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6006. ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY FACILITIES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND 
                          TRAINING.

    Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(26) Essential community facilities technical assistance 
        and training.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make grants to 
                public bodies and private nonprofit corporations (such 
                as States, counties, cities, townships, and incorporated 
                towns and villages, boroughs, authorities, districts, 
                and Indian tribes on Federal and State reservations) 
                that will serve rural areas for the purpose of enabling 
                the public bodies and private nonprofit corporations to 
                provide to associations described in paragraph (1) 
                technical assistance and training, with respect to 
                essential community facilities programs authorized under 
                this subsection--
                          ``(i) to assist communities in identifying and 
                      planning for community facility needs;
                          ``(ii) to identify public and private 
                      resources to finance community facility needs;
                          ``(iii) to prepare reports and surveys 
                      necessary to request financial assistance to 
                      develop community facilities;
                          ``(iv) to prepare applications for financial 
                      assistance;
                          ``(v) to improve the management, including 
                      financial management, related to the operation of 
                      community facilities; or
                          ``(vi) to assist with other areas of need 
                      identified by the Secretary.

[[Page 128 STAT. 843]]

                    ``(B) Selection priority.--In selecting recipients 
                of grants under this paragraph, the Secretary shall give 
                priority to private, nonprofit, or public organizations 
                that have experience in providing technical assistance 
                and training to rural entities.
                    ``(C) Funding.--Not less than 3 nor more than 5 
                percent of any funds appropriated to carry out each of 
                the essential community facilities grant, loan and loan 
                guarantee programs as authorized under this subsection 
                for a fiscal year shall be reserved for grants under 
                this paragraph.''.
SEC. 6007. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANT 
                          PROGRAM.

    Section 306A(i)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926a(i)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6008. WATER SYSTEMS FOR RURAL AND NATIVE VILLAGES IN ALASKA.

    Section 306D(d)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926d(d)(1)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6009. HOUSEHOLD WATER WELL SYSTEMS.

    Section 306E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926e(d)) is amended by striking ``$10,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 6010. RURAL BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY LOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 310B(a)(2)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(a)(2)(A)) is amended by inserting 
``(including through the financing of working capital)'' after 
``employment''.
    (b) Greater Flexibility for Adequate Collateral Through Accounts 
Receivable.--Section 310B(g)(7) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(7)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``In determining'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--In determining''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Accounts receivable.--In the discretion of the 
                Secretary, if the Secretary determines that the action 
                would not create or otherwise contribute to an 
                unreasonable risk of default or loss to the Federal 
                Government, the Secretary may take accounts receivable 
                as security for the obligations entered into in 
                connection with loans and a borrower may use accounts 
                receivable as collateral to secure a loan made or 
                guaranteed under this subsection.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 7 USC 1932 note.>>  Regulations.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
promulgate such regulations as are necessary to implement the amendments 
made by this section.
SEC. 6011. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(b)) is amended--

[[Page 128 STAT. 844]]

            (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and by inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following
            ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 6012. RURAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 310B of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932) is amended by striking subsection (c) 
and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Rural Business Development Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
        subsection to eligible entities described in paragraph (2) in 
        rural areas that primarily serve rural areas for purposes 
        described in paragraph (3).
            ``(2) Eligible entities.--The Secretary may make grants 
        under this subsection to--
                    ``(A) governmental entities;
                    ``(B) Indian tribes; and
                    ``(C) nonprofit entities.
            ``(3) Eligible purposes for grants.--Eligible entities that 
        receive grants under this subsection may use the grant funds 
        for--
                    ``(A) business opportunity projects that--
                          ``(i) identify and analyze business 
                      opportunities;
                          ``(ii) identify, train, and provide technical 
                      assistance to existing or prospective rural 
                      entrepreneurs and managers;
                          ``(iii) assist in the establishment of new 
                      rural businesses and the maintenance of existing 
                      businesses, including through business support 
                      centers;
                          ``(iv) conduct regional, community, and local 
                      economic development planning and coordination, 
                      and leadership development; and
                          ``(v) establish centers for training, 
                      technology, and trade that will provide training 
                      to rural businesses in the use of interactive 
                      communications technologies to develop 
                      international trade opportunities and markets; and
                    ``(B) projects that support the development of 
                business enterprises that finance or facilitate--
                          ``(i) the development of small and emerging 
                      private business enterprise;
                          ``(ii) the establishment, expansion, and 
                      operation of rural distance learning networks;
                          ``(iii) the development of rural learning 
                      programs that provide educational instruction or 
                      job training instruction related to potential 
                      employment or job advancement to adult students; 
                      and
                          ``(iv) the provision of technical assistance 
                      and training to rural communities for the purpose 
                      of improving passenger transportation services or 
                      facilities.
            ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 845]]

                    ``(A) In general.--There is authorized to be 
                appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this 
                subsection $65,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018, to remain available until expended.
                    ``(B) Allocation.--Of the funds made available under 
                subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year, not more than 10 
                percent shall be used for the purposes described in 
                paragraph (3)(A).''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by striking 
paragraph (11).
SEC. 6013. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(e)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (12) as paragraph (13);
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (11) the following:
            ``(12) Interagency working group.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the 
        Secretary shall coordinate and chair an interagency working 
        group to foster cooperative development and ensure coordination 
        with Federal agencies and national and local cooperative 
        organizations that have cooperative programs and interests.''; 
        and
            (3) in paragraph (13) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``$50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and 
        inserting ``$40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018''.
SEC. 6014. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD 
                          PRODUCTS.

    Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(v)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(v)(I)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6015. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR RURAL AREAS 
                          PROGRAM.

    Section 310B(i)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(i)(4)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6016. RURAL ECONOMIC AREA PARTNERSHIP ZONES.

    Section 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(j)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6017. INTERMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
``SEC. 310H. <<NOTE: 7 USC 1936b.>>  INTERMEDIARY RELENDING 
                          PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make or guarantee loans to 
eligible entities described in subsection (b) so that the eligible 
entities may relend the funds to individuals and entities for the 
purposes described in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Eligible Entities.--Entities eligible for loans and loan 
guarantees described in subsection (a) are--
            ``(1) public agencies;

[[Page 128 STAT. 846]]

            ``(2) Indian tribes;
            ``(3) cooperatives; and
            ``(4) nonprofit corporations.

    ``(c) Eligible Purposes.--The proceeds from loans made or guaranteed 
by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a) may be relent by eligible 
entities for projects that--
            ``(1) predominately serve communities in rural areas; and
            ``(2) as determined by the Secretary--
                    ``(A) promote community development;
                    ``(B) establish new businesses;
                    ``(C) establish and support microlending programs; 
                and
                    ``(D) create or retain employment opportunities.

    ``(d) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not make loans under section 
623(a) of the Community Economic Development Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 
9812(a)).
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this subsection $25,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1323(b)(2) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-198; 7 U.S.C. 1932 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        a period; and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (C).
SEC. 6018. RURAL COLLEGE COORDINATED STRATEGY.

    Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1981) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Rural College Coordinated Strategy.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a coordinated 
        strategy across the relevant programs within the Rural 
        Development mission areas to serve the specific, local needs of 
        rural communities when making investments in rural community 
        colleges and technical colleges through other authorities in 
        effect on the date of enactment of this subsection.
            ``(2) Consultation.--In developing a coordinated strategy, 
        the Secretary shall consult with groups representing rural-
        serving community colleges and technical colleges to coordinate 
        critical investments in rural community colleges and technical 
        colleges involved in workforce training.
            ``(3) Administration.--Nothing in this subsection provides a 
        priority for funding under authorities in effect on the date of 
        enactment of this subsection.
            ``(4) Use.--The Secretary shall use the coordinated strategy 
        and information developed for the strategy to more effectively 
        serve rural communities with respect to investments in community 
        colleges and technical colleges.''.
SEC. 6019. RURAL WATER AND WASTE DISPOSAL INFRASTRUCTURE.

    Section 333 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1983) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``require'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``require'' after 
        ``(1)'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, require'' after 
        ``314'';
            (4) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``require'' after 
        ``loans,'';
            (5) in paragraph (4)--

[[Page 128 STAT. 847]]

                    (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(4)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
            (6) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) by inserting ``require'' after ``(5)''; and
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) in the case of water and waste disposal direct and 
        guaranteed loans provided under section 306, encourage, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, private or cooperative lenders to 
        finance rural water and waste disposal facilities by--
                    ``(A) maximizing the use of loan guarantees to 
                finance eligible projects in rural communities in which 
                the population exceeds 5,500;
                    ``(B) maximizing the use of direct loans to finance 
                eligible projects in rural communities if the impact on 
                ratepayers will be material when compared to financing 
                with a loan guarantee;
                    ``(C) establishing and applying a materiality 
                standard when determining the difference in impact on 
                ratepayers between a direct loan and a loan guarantee;
                    ``(D) in the case of projects that require interim 
                financing in excess of $500,000, requiring that the 
                projects initially seek the financing from private or 
                cooperative lenders; and
                    ``(E) determining if an existing direct loan 
                borrower can refinance with a private or cooperative 
                lender, including with a loan guarantee, prior to 
                providing a new direct loan.''.
SEC. 6020. SIMPLIFIED APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 333A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(h) Simplified Application Forms.--Except as provided in 
subsection (g)(2), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable, develop a simplified application process, including a 
single page application if practicable, for grants and relending 
authorized under sections 306, 306C, 306D, 306E, 310B(b), 310B(c), 
310B(e), 310B(f), 310H, 379B, and 379E.''.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
contains an evaluation of the implementation of the amendment made by 
subsection (a).
SEC. 6021. NATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP.

    Section 378 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008m) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 848]]

SEC. 6022. GRANTS FOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO TRANSMITTERS.

    Section 379B(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008p(d)) is amended by striking subsection (d) and inserting 
the following:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 6023. RURAL MICROENTREPRENEUR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 379E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008s(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' after 
                the semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
SEC. 6024. HEALTH CARE SERVICES.

    Section 379G(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008u(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6025. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

    Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1981 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 379H. <<NOTE: 7 USC 2008v.>>  STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND 
                          COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any rural development program 
described in subsection (d)(2), the Secretary may give priority to an 
application for a project that, as determined and approved by the 
Secretary--
            ``(1) meets the applicable eligibility requirements of this 
        title;
            ``(2) will be carried out solely in a rural area; and
            ``(3) supports strategic community and economic development 
        plans on a multijurisdictional basis.

    ``(b) Rural Area.--For purposes of subsection (a)(2), the Secretary 
shall consider an application to be for a project that will be carried 
out solely in a rural area only if--
            ``(1) in the case of an application for a project in the 
        rural community facilities category described in subsection 
        (d)(2)(A), the project will be carried out in a rural area 
        described in section 343(a)(13)(C);
            ``(2) in the case of an application for a project in the 
        rural utilities category described in subsection (d)(2)(B), the 
        project will be carried out in a rural area described in section 
        343(a)(13)(B); and
            ``(3) in the case of an application for a project in the 
        rural business and cooperative development category described in 
        subsection (d)(2)(C), the project will be carried out in a rural 
        area described in section 343(a)(13)(A).

    ``(c) Evaluation.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 849]]

            ``(1) In general.--In evaluating strategic applications, the 
        Secretary shall give a higher priority to strategic applications 
        for a plan described in subsection (a) that demonstrates to the 
        Secretary--
                    ``(A) the plan was developed through the 
                collaboration of multiple stakeholders in the service 
                area of the plan, including the participation of 
                combinations of stakeholders such as State, local, and 
                tribal governments, nonprofit institutions, institutions 
                of higher education, and private entities;
                    ``(B) an understanding of the applicable regional 
                resources that could support the plan, including natural 
                resources, human resources, infrastructure, and 
                financial resources;
                    ``(C) investment from other Federal agencies;
                    ``(D) investment from philanthropic organizations; 
                and
                    ``(E) clear objectives for the plan and the ability 
                to establish measurable performance measures and to 
                track progress toward meeting the objectives.
            ``(2) Consistency with plans.--Applications involving State, 
        county, municipal, or tribal governments shall include an 
        indication of consistency with an adopted regional economic or 
        community development plan.

    ``(d) Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection 
        (e), the Secretary may reserve for projects that support 
        multijurisdictional strategic community and economic development 
        plans described in subsection (a) an amount that does not exceed 
        10 percent of the funds made available for a fiscal year for a 
        functional category described in paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Functional categories.--The functional categories 
        described in this subsection are the following:
                    ``(A) Rural community facilities category.--The 
                rural community facilities category consists of all 
                amounts made available for community facility grants and 
                direct and guaranteed loans under paragraph (1), (19), 
                (20), (21), (24), or (25) of section 306(a).
                    ``(B) Rural utilities category.--The rural utilities 
                category consists of all amounts made available for--
                          ``(i) water or waste disposal grants or direct 
                      or guaranteed loans under paragraph (1), (2), or 
                      (24) of section 306(a);
                          ``(ii) rural water or wastewater technical 
                      assistance and training grants under section 
                      306(a)(14);
                          ``(iii) emergency community water assistance 
                      grants under section 306A; or
                          ``(iv) solid waste management grants under 
                      section 310B(b).
                    ``(C) Rural business and cooperative development 
                category.--The rural business and cooperative 
                development category consists of all amounts made 
                available for--
                          ``(i) business and industry direct and 
                      guaranteed loans under section 310B(a)(2)(A); or
                          ``(ii) rural business development grants under 
                      section 310B(c).

[[Page 128 STAT. 850]]

            ``(3) Period.--The reservation of funds described in 
        paragraph (2) may only extend through June 30 of the fiscal year 
        in which the funds were first made available.

    ``(e) Approved Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any applicant who submitted a rural 
        development application that was approved before the date of 
        enactment of this section may amend the application to qualify 
        for the funds reserved under subsection (d)(1).
            ``(2) Rural utilities.--Any rural development application 
        authorized under section 306(a)(2), 306(a)(14), 306(a)(24), 
        306A, or 310B(b) and approved by the Secretary before the date 
        of enactment of this section shall be eligible for the funds 
        reserved under subsection (d)(1) on the same basis as the 
        applications submitted under this section until September 30, 
        2016.''.
SEC. 6026. DELTA REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 382M(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 382N of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-13) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6027. NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Audit.--Section 383L(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Ac (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-10(c)) is amended by inserting ``for any 
fiscal year for which funds are appropriated'' after ``annual basis''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 383N(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Termination of Authority.--Section 383O of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-13) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6028. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 384S of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2009cc-18) is amended by striking ``$50,000,000 for the period of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

              Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

SEC. 6101. FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.

    The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 is amended by inserting after 
section 4 (7 U.S.C. 904) the following:
``SEC. 5. <<NOTE: 7 USC 905.>>  FEES FOR CERTAIN LOAN GUARANTEES.

    ``(a) In General.--For electrification baseload generation loan 
guarantees, the Secretary shall, at the request of the borrower, charge 
an upfront fee to cover the costs of the loan guarantee.
    ``(b) Fee.--The fee described in subsection (a) for a loan guarantee 
shall be equal to the costs of the loan guarantee (within the meaning of 
section 502(5)(C) of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 
661a(5)(C))).

[[Page 128 STAT. 851]]

    ``(c) Limitation.--Funds received from a borrower to pay the fee 
described in this section shall not be derived from a loan or other debt 
obligation that is made or guaranteed by the Federal Government.''.
SEC. 6102. GUARANTEES FOR BONDS AND NOTES ISSUED FOR 
                          ELECTRIFICATION OR TELEPHONE PURPOSES.

    Section 313A(f) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940c-1(f)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6103. EXPANSION OF 911 ACCESS.

    Section 315(d) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
940e(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6104. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN 
                          RURAL AREAS.

    (a) In General.--Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Priority.--In making loans or loan guarantees under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish not less than 2 evaluation periods 
                for each fiscal year to compare loan and loan guarantee 
                applications and to prioritize loans and loan guarantees 
                to all or part of rural communities that do not have 
                residential broadband service that meets the minimum 
                acceptable level of broadband service established under 
                subsection (e);
                    ``(B) give the highest priority to applicants that 
                offer to provide broadband service to the greatest 
                proportion of unserved households or households that do 
                not have residential broadband service that meets the 
                minimum acceptable level of broadband service 
                established under subsection (e), as--
                          ``(i) certified by the affected community, 
                      city, county, or designee; or
                          ``(ii) demonstrated on--
                                    ``(I) the broadband map of the 
                                affected State if the map contains 
                                address-level data; or
                                    ``(II) the National Broadband Map if 
                                address-level data is unavailable; and
                    ``(C) provide equal consideration to all qualified 
                applicants, including applicants that have not 
                previously received loans or loan guarantees under 
                paragraph (1); and
                    ``(D) give priority to applicants that offer in the 
                applications of the applicants to provide broadband 
                service not predominantly for business service, if at 
                least 25 percent of the customers in the proposed 
                service territory are commercial interests.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking clause (i) and 
                inserting the following:
                          ``(i) demonstrate the ability to furnish, 
                      improve in order to meet the minimum acceptable 
                      level of broadband service established under 
                      subsection (e), or extend broadband service to all 
                      or part of an unserved

[[Page 128 STAT. 852]]

                      rural area or an area below the minimum acceptable 
                      level of broadband service established under 
                      subsection (e);'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking clause 
                      (i) and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) not less than 15 percent of the 
                      households in the proposed service territory are 
                      unserved or have service levels below the minimum 
                      acceptable level of broadband service established 
                      under subsection (e); and'';
                          (ii) in the heading of subparagraph (B), by 
                      striking ``25''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in the subparagraph heading, by 
                                striking ``3 or more''; and
                                    (II) by striking clause (i) and 
                                inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                      clause (ii), subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not apply 
                      to an incumbent service provider in the portion of 
                      a proposed service territory in which the provider 
                      is upgrading broadband service to meet the minimum 
                      acceptable level of broadband service established 
                      under subsection (e) for the existing territory of 
                      the incumbent service provider.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(B), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                          ``(iii) Information.--Information submitted 
                      under this subparagraph shall be--
                                    ``(I) certified by the affected 
                                community, city, county, or designee; or
                                    ``(II) demonstrated on--
                                            ``(aa) the broadband map of 
                                        the affected State if the map 
                                        contains address-level data; or
                                            ``(bb) the National 
                                        Broadband Map if address-level 
                                        data is unavailable.'';
                    (D) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(5) Notice requirements.--The Secretary shall promptly 
        provide a fully searchable database on the website of the Rural 
        Utilities Service that contains, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) notice of each application for a loan or loan 
                guarantee under this section describing the application, 
                including--
                          ``(i) the identity of the applicant;
                          ``(ii) a description of each application, 
                      including--
                                    ``(I) each area proposed to be 
                                served by the applicant; and
                                    ``(II) the amount and type of 
                                support requested by each applicant;
                          ``(iii) the status of each application;
                          ``(iv) the estimated number and proportion 
                      relative to the service territory of households 
                      without terrestrial-based broadband service in 
                      those areas; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 853]]

                          ``(v) a list of the census block groups or 
                      proposed service territory, in a manner specified 
                      by the Secretary, that the applicant proposes to 
                      service;
                    ``(B) notice of each entity receiving assistance 
                under this section, including--
                          ``(i) the name of the entity;
                          ``(ii) the type of assistance being received;
                          ``(iii) the purpose for which the entity is 
                      receiving the assistance;
                          ``(iv) each semiannual report submitted under 
                      paragraph (8)(A) (redacted to protect any 
                      proprietary information in the report); and
                    ``(C) such other information as is sufficient to 
                allow the public to understand assistance provided under 
                this section.'';
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) Reporting.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall require any 
                entity receiving assistance under this section to submit 
                a semiannual report for 3 years after completion of the 
                project, in a format specified by the Secretary, that 
                describes--
                          ``(i) the use by the entity of the assistance, 
                      including new equipment and capacity enhancements 
                      that support high-speed broadband access for 
                      educational institutions, health care providers, 
                      and public safety service providers (including the 
                      estimated number of end users who are currently 
                      using or forecasted to use the new or upgraded 
                      infrastructure); and
                          ``(ii) the progress towards fulfilling the 
                      objectives for which the assistance was granted, 
                      including--
                                    ``(I) the number and location of 
                                residences and businesses that will 
                                receive new broadband service, existing 
                                network service improvements, and 
                                facility upgrades resulting from the 
                                Federal assistance;
                                    ``(II) the speed of broadband 
                                service;
                                    ``(III) the average price of 
                                broadband service in a proposed service 
                                area;
                                    ``(IV) any changes in broadband 
                                service adoption rates, including new 
                                subscribers generated from demand-side 
                                projects; and
                                    ``(V) any metrics the Secretary 
                                determines to be appropriate;
                    ``(B) Additional reporting.--The Secretary may 
                require any additional reporting and information by any 
                recipient of any assistance under this section so as to 
                ensure compliance with this section.
            ``(9) Default and deobligation.--In addition to other 
        authority under applicable law, the Secretary shall establish 
        written procedures for all broadband programs administered by 
        the Rural Utilities Service under this or any other Act that, to 
        the maximum extent practicable--
                    ``(A) recover funds from loan defaults;
                    ``(B) deobligate any awards, less allowable costs 
                that demonstrate an insufficient level of performance 
                (including

[[Page 128 STAT. 854]]

                metrics determined by the Secretary) or fraudulent 
                spending, to the extent funds with respect to the award 
                are available in the account relating to the program 
                established by this section;
                    ``(C) award those funds, on a competitive basis, to 
                new or existing applicants consistent with this section; 
                and
                    ``(D) minimize overlap among the programs.
            ``(10) Service area assessment.--The Secretary shall, with 
        respect to an application for assistance under this section--
                    ``(A) provide not less than 15 days for broadband 
                service providers to voluntarily submit information 
                concerning the broadband services that the providers 
                offer in the census block groups or tracts described in 
                paragraph (5)(A)(v) so that the Secretary may assess 
                whether the applications submitted meet the eligibility 
                requirements under this section; and
                    ``(B) if no broadband service provider submits 
                information under subparagraph (A), consider the number 
                of providers in the census block group or tract to be 
                established by using--
                          ``(i) the most current National Broadband Map 
                      of the National Telecommunications and Information 
                      Administration; or
                          ``(ii) any other data regarding the 
                      availability of broadband service that the 
                      Secretary may collect or obtain through reasonable 
                      efforts.'';
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), for purposes of 
        this section, the minimum acceptable level of broadband service 
        for a rural area shall be at least--
                    ``(A) a 4-Mbps downstream transmission capacity; and
                    ``(B) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission capacity.
            ``(2) Adjustments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At least once every 2 years, the 
                Secretary shall review, and may adjust through notice 
                published in the Federal Register, the minimum 
                acceptable level of broadband service established under 
                paragraph (1) to ensure that high quality, cost-
                effective broadband service is provided to rural areas 
                over time.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In making an adjustment to 
                the minimum acceptable level of broadband service under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may consider 
                establishing different transmission rates for fixed 
                broadband service and mobile broadband service.'';
            (4) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Terms.--In determining the term and conditions of a 
        loan or loan guarantee, the Secretary may--
                    ``(A) consider whether the recipient is or would be 
                serving an area that is unserved or has service levels

[[Page 128 STAT. 855]]

                below the minimum acceptable level of broadband service 
                established under subsection (e); and
                    ``(B) if the Secretary makes a determination in the 
                affirmative under subparagraph (A), establish a limited 
                initial deferral period or comparable terms necessary to 
                achieve the financial feasibility and long-term 
                sustainability of the project.'';
            (5) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including any 
                loan terms or conditions for which the Secretary 
                provided additional assistance to unserved areas'' 
                before the semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) the overall progress towards fulfilling the goal of 
        improving the quality of rural life by expanding rural broadband 
        access, as demonstrated by metrics, including--
                    ``(A) the number of residences and businesses 
                receiving new broadband services;
                    ``(B) network improvements, including facility 
                upgrades and equipment purchases;
                    ``(C) average broadband speeds and prices on a local 
                and statewide basis;
                    ``(D) any changes in broadband adoption rates; and
                    ``(E) any specific activities that increased high 
                speed broadband access for educational institutions, 
                health care providers, and public safety service 
                providers.''; and
            (6) in subsections (k)(1) and (l), by striking ``2012'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``2018''.

    (b) Study on Providing Effective Data for National Broadband Map.--.
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Commerce and the Chairman of the Federal 
        Communications Commission, shall conduct a study of the ways 
        that data collected under the broadband programs of the 
        Secretary of Agriculture could be most effectively shared with 
        the Commission to support the development and maintenance of the 
        National Broadband Map by the Commission.
            (2) Inclusions.--The study shall include a consideration of 
        the circumstances under which address-level data could be 
        collected by the Secretary and appropriately shared with the 
        Commission.
            (3) Completion.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete the study 
        required under this subsection.
            (4) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        completion of the study, the Secretary shall submit a report 
        describing the results of the study to--
                    (A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    (B) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    (C) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 856]]

                    (D) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate.
SEC. 6105. RURAL GIGABIT NETWORK PILOT PROGRAM.

    Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 603. <<NOTE: 7 USC 950bb-2.>>  RURAL GIGABIT NETWORK PILOT 
                        PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definition of Ultra-High Speed Service.--In this section, the 
term `ultra-high speed service' means broadband service operating at a 1 
gigabit per second downstream transmission capacity.
    ``(b) Pilot Program.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot program 
to be known as the `Rural Gigabit Network Pilot Program', under which 
the Secretary may, at the discretion of the Secretary, provide grants, 
loans, or loan guarantees to eligible entities.
    ``(c) Eligibility.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to obtain assistance under 
        this section, an entity shall--
                    ``(A) demonstrate to the Secretary the ability to 
                furnish or extend ultra-high speed service to a rural 
                area;
                    ``(B) submit to the Secretary an application at such 
                time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
                the Secretary may require;
                    ``(C) not already provide ultra-high speed service 
                to a rural area within any State in the proposed service 
                territory; and
                    ``(D) agree to complete buildout of ultra-high speed 
                service by not later than 3 years after the initial date 
                on which assistance under this section is made 
                available.
            ``(2) Eligible projects.--Assistance under this section may 
        only be used to carry out a project in a proposed service 
        territory if--
                    ``(A) the proposed service territory is a rural 
                area; and
                    ``(B) ultra-high speed service is not provided in 
                any part of the proposed service territory.

    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 6201. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is 
amended by striking ``$100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 through 
2012'' and inserting ``$75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-551 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 6202. AGRICULTURAL TRANSPORTATION.

    Section 203(j) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 
1622(j)) is amended by striking ``the Interstate Commerce

[[Page 128 STAT. 857]]

Commission, the Maritime Commission,,'' and inserting ``the Surface 
Transportation Board, the Federal Maritime Commission,''.
SEC. 6203. VALUE-ADDED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT MARKET DEVELOPMENT 
                          GRANTS.

    Section 231(b) of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 (7 
U.S.C. 1632a(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
            ``(6) Priority.--
                    ``(A) Eligible independent producers of value-added 
                agricultural products.--In awarding grants under 
                paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary shall give priority to--
                          ``(i) operators of small- and medium-sized 
                      farms and ranches that are structured as family 
                      farms;
                          ``(ii) beginning farmers or ranchers;
                          ``(iii) socially disadvantaged farmers or 
                      ranchers; and
                          ``(iv) veteran farmers or ranchers (as defined 
                      in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, 
                      Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
                      2279(e))).
                    ``(B) Eligible agricultural producer groups, farmer 
                or rancher cooperatives, and majority-controlled 
                producer-based business venture.--In awarding grants 
                under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall give 
                priority to projects (including farmer or rancher 
                cooperative projects) that best contribute to creating 
                or increasing marketing opportunities for operators, 
                farmers, and ranchers described in subparagraph (A).''; 
                and
            (2) in paragraph (7)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``On October 1, 2008,'' and 
                      inserting ``On the date of enactment of the 
                      Agricultural Act of 2014,''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``$15,000,000'' and inserting 
                      ``$63,000,000''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``2012'' and 
                inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 6204. AGRICULTURE INNOVATION CENTER DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    Section 6402(i) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 1632b(i)) is amended by striking ``$6,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$1,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 6205. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.

    Subtitle E of title VI of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 116 Stat. 424) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
``SEC. 6407. <<NOTE: 7 USC 8107a.>>  RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to help rural 
families and small businesses achieve cost savings by providing loans to 
qualified consumers to implement durable cost-effective energy 
efficiency measures.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--

[[Page 128 STAT. 858]]

                    ``(A) any public power district, public utility 
                district, or similar entity, or any electric cooperative 
                described in section 501(c)(12) or 1381(a)(2) of the 
                Internal Revenue Code of 1986, that borrowed and repaid, 
                prepaid, or is paying an electric loan made or 
                guaranteed by the Rural Utilities Service (or any 
                predecessor agency);
                    ``(B) any entity primarily owned or controlled by 1 
                or more entities described in subparagraph (A); or
                    ``(C) any other entity that is an eligible borrower 
                of the Rural Utilities Service, as determined under 
                section 1710.101 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations 
                (or a successor regulation).
            ``(2) Energy efficiency measures.--The term `energy 
        efficiency measures' means, for or at property served by an 
        eligible entity, structural improvements and investments in 
        cost-effective, commercial technologies to increase energy 
        efficiency.
            ``(3) Qualified consumer.--The term `qualified consumer' 
        means a consumer served by an eligible entity that has the 
        ability to repay a loan made under subsection (d), as determined 
        by the eligible entity.
            ``(4) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture, acting through the Administrator of the Rural 
        Utilities Service.

    ``(c) Loans to Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall make loans to eligible entities that agree to use the loan 
        funds to make loans to qualified consumers for the purpose of 
        implementing energy efficiency measures.
            ``(2) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--As a condition of receiving a 
                loan under this subsection, an eligible entity shall--
                          ``(i) establish a list of energy efficiency 
                      measures that is expected to decrease energy use 
                      or costs of qualified consumers;
                          ``(ii) prepare an implementation plan for use 
                      of the loan funds, including use of any interest 
                      to be received pursuant to subsection (d)(1)(A);
                          ``(iii) provide for appropriate measurement 
                      and verification to ensure--
                                    ``(I) the effectiveness of the 
                                energy efficiency loans made by the 
                                eligible entity; and
                                    ``(II) that there is no conflict of 
                                interest in carrying out this section; 
                                and
                          ``(iv) demonstrate expertise in effective use 
                      of energy efficiency measures at an appropriate 
                      scale.
                    ``(B) Revision of list of energy efficiency 
                measures.--Subject to the approval of the Secretary, an 
                eligible entity may update the list required under 
                subparagraph (A)(i) to account for newly available 
                efficiency technologies.
                    ``(C) Existing energy efficiency programs.--An 
                eligible entity that, at any time before the date that 
                is 60 days after the date of enactment of this section, 
                has established an energy efficiency program for 
                qualified consumers may use an existing list of energy 
                efficiency measures, implementation plan, or measurement 
                and verification system of that program to satisfy the 
                requirements of subparagraph (A) if the Secretary 
                determines

[[Page 128 STAT. 859]]

                the list, plan, or systems are consistent with the 
                purposes of this section.
            ``(3) No interest.--A loan under this subsection shall bear 
        no interest.
            ``(4) Repayment.--With respect to a loan under paragraph 
        (1)--
                    ``(A) the term shall not exceed 20 years from the 
                date on which the loan is closed; and
                    ``(B) except as provided in paragraph (6), the 
                repayment of each advance shall be amortized for a 
                period not to exceed 10 years.
            ``(5) Amount of advances.--Any advance of loan funds to an 
        eligible entity in any single year shall not exceed 50 percent 
        of the approved loan amount.
            ``(6) Special advance for start-up activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In order to assist an eligible 
                entity in defraying the appropriate start-up costs (as 
                determined by the Secretary) of establishing new 
                programs or modifying existing programs to carry out 
                subsection (d), the Secretary shall allow an eligible 
                entity to request a special advance.
                    ``(B) Amount.--No eligible entity may receive a 
                special advance under this paragraph for an amount that 
                is greater than 4 percent of the loan amount received by 
                the eligible entity under paragraph (1).
                    ``(C) Repayment.--Repayment of the special advance--
                          ``(i) shall be required during the 10-year 
                      period beginning on the date on which the special 
                      advance is made; and
                          ``(ii) at the election of the eligible entity, 
                      may be deferred to the end of the 10-year period.
            ``(7) Limitation.--All special advances shall be made under 
        a loan described in paragraph (1) during the first 10 years of 
        the term of the loan.

    ``(d) Loans to Qualified Consumers.--
            ``(1) Terms of loans.--Loans made by an eligible entity to 
        qualified consumers using loan funds provided by the Secretary 
        under subsection (c)--
                    ``(A) may bear interest, not to exceed 3 percent, to 
                be used for purposes that include--
                          ``(i) to establish a loan loss reserve; and
                          ``(ii) to offset personnel and program costs 
                      of eligible entities to provide the loans;
                    ``(B) shall finance energy efficiency measures for 
                the purpose of decreasing energy usage or costs of the 
                qualified consumer by an amount that ensures, to the 
                maximum extent practicable, that a loan term of not more 
                than 10 years will not pose an undue financial burden on 
                the qualified consumer, as determined by the eligible 
                entity;
                    ``(C) shall not be used to fund purchases of, or 
                modifications to, personal property unless the personal 
                property is or becomes attached to real property 
                (including a manufactured home) as a fixture;
                    ``(D) shall be repaid through charges added to the 
                electric bill for the property for, or at which, energy 
                efficiency measures are or will be implemented, on the 
                condition that this requirement does not prohibit--

[[Page 128 STAT. 860]]

                          ``(i) the voluntary prepayment of a loan by 
                      the owner of the property; or
                          ``(ii) the use of any additional repayment 
                      mechanisms that are--
                                    ``(I) demonstrated to have 
                                appropriate risk mitigation features, as 
                                determined by the eligible entity; or
                                    ``(II) required if the qualified 
                                consumer is no longer a customer of the 
                                eligible entity; and
                    ``(E) shall require an energy audit by an eligible 
                entity to determine the impact of proposed energy 
                efficiency measures on the energy costs and consumption 
                of the qualified consumer.
            ``(2) Contractors.--In addition to any other qualified 
        general contractor, eligible entities may serve as general 
        contractors.

    ``(e) Contract for Measurement and Verification, Training, and 
Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall establish a plan for measurement and 
                verification, training, and technical assistance of the 
                program; and
                    ``(B) may enter into 1 or more contracts with a 
                qualified entity for the purposes of--
                          ``(i) providing measurement and verification 
                      activities; and
                          ``(ii) developing a program to provide 
                      technical assistance and training to the employees 
                      of eligible entities to carry out this section.
            ``(2) Use of subcontractors authorized.--A qualified entity 
        that enters into a contract under paragraph (1) may use 
        subcontractors to assist the qualified entity in carrying out 
        the contract.

    ``(f) Additional Authority.--The authority provided in this section 
is in addition to any other authority of the Secretary to offer loans 
under any other law.
    ``(g) Effective Period.--Subject to the availability of funds and 
except as otherwise provided in this section, the loans and other 
expenditures required to be made under this section shall be available 
until expended, with the Secretary authorized to make new loans as loans 
are repaid.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $75,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 6206. STUDY OF RURAL TRANSPORTATION ISSUES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of 
Transportation shall publish an updated version of the study described 
in section 6206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (as 
amended by subsection (b)).
    (b) Addition to Study.--Section 6206(b) of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1971) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 861]]

            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) the sufficiency of infrastructure along waterways in 
        the United States and the impact of the infrastructure on the 
        movement of agricultural goods in terms of safety, efficiency 
        and speed, as well as the benefits derived through upgrades and 
        repairs to locks and dams.''.

    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of 
Transportation shall submit to Congress the updated version of the study 
required by subsection (a).
SEC. 6207. REGIONAL ECONOMIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 15751 of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Not more than'' and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        more than''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Limited funding.--In a case in which less than 
        $10,000,000 is made available to a Commission for a fiscal year 
        under this section, paragraph (1) shall not apply.''.
SEC. 6208. DEFINITION OF RURAL AREA FOR PURPOSES OF THE HOUSING 
                          ACT OF 1949.

    The second sentence of section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 
U.S.C. 1490) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``1990 or 2000 decennial census shall 
        continue to be so classified until the receipt of data from the 
        decennial census in the year 2010'' and inserting ``1990, 2000, 
        or 2010 decennial census, and any area deemed to be a `rural 
        area' for purposes of this title under any other provision of 
        law at any time during the period beginning January 1, 2000, and 
        ending December 31, 2010, shall continue to be so classified 
        until the receipt of data from the decennial census in the year 
        2020''; and
            (2) by striking ``25,000'' and inserting ``35,000''.
SEC. 6209. <<NOTE: 7 USC 2207b.>>  PROGRAM METRICS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall collect data regarding economic 
activities created through grants and loans, including any technical 
assistance provided as a component of the grant or loan program, and 
measure the short- and long-term viability of award recipients and any 
entities to whom those recipients provide assistance using award funds, 
under--
            (1) section 231 of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 
        2000 (7 U.S.C. 1632a);
            (2) section 313(b)(2) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
        1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c(b)(2)); or
            (3) section 310B(c), 310B(e), 310B(g), 310H, or 379E, or 
        subtitle E, of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
        (7 U.S.C. 1932(c), 1932(e), 1932(g), 2008s, 2009 et seq.).

    (b) Data.--The data collected under subsection (a) shall include 
information collected from recipients both during the award period

[[Page 128 STAT. 862]]

and for a period of time, as determined by the Secretary, which is not 
less than 2 years after the award period ends.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that contains the 
        data described in subsection (a).
            (2) Detailed information.--The report shall include detailed 
        information regarding--
                    (A) actions taken by the Secretary to use the data;
                    (B) the percentage increase of employees;
                    (C) the number of business starts and clients 
                served;
                    (D) any benefit, such as an increase in revenue or 
                customer base; and
                    (E) such other information as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
SEC. 6210. FUNDING OF PENDING RURAL DEVELOPMENT LOAN AND GRANT 
                          APPLICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall use funds made available under 
subsection (b) to provide funds for applications that are pending on the 
date of enactment of this Act in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of section 6029 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 1955).
    (b) Funding.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, beginning 
in fiscal year 2014, of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
the Secretary shall use to carry out this section $150,000,000, to 
remain available until expended.

           TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

SEC. 7101. OPTION TO BE INCLUDED AS NON-LAND-GRANT COLLEGE OF 
                          AGRICULTURE.

    Section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) Cooperating forestry school.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `cooperating forestry 
                school' means an institution--
                          ``(i) that is eligible to receive funds under 
                      Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the McIntire-
                      Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 582a 
                      et seq.); and
                          ``(ii) with respect to which the Secretary has 
                      not received a declaration of the intent of that 
                      institution to not be considered a cooperating 
                      forestry school.

[[Page 128 STAT. 863]]

                    ``(B) Termination of declaration.--A declaration of 
                the intent of an institution to not be considered a 
                cooperating forestry school submitted to the Secretary 
                shall be in effect until September 30, 2018.'';
            (2) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                      striking ``that'';
                          (ii) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``that'' before 
                                ``qualify''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                          (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``that'' before 
                                ``offer''; and
                                    (II) by striking the period at the 
                                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
                      clause:
                          ``(iii) with respect to which the Secretary 
                      has not received a declaration of the intent of a 
                      college or university to not be considered a 
                      Hispanic-serving agricultural college or 
                      university.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Termination of declaration of intent.--A 
                declaration of the intent of a college or university to 
                not be considered a Hispanic-serving agricultural 
                college or university submitted to the Secretary shall 
                be in effect until September 30, 2018.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (14)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``agriculture 
                or forestry'' and inserting ``food and agricultural 
                sciences'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Designation.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this subparagraph, the 
                Secretary shall establish an ongoing process through 
                which public colleges or universities may apply for 
                designation as an NLGCA Institution.''.
SEC. 7102. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, EDUCATION, 
                          AND ECONOMICS ADVISORY BOARD.

    (a) Extension of Termination Date.--Section 1408(h) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123(h)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Duties of National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, 
and Economics Advisory Board.--Section 1408(c) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Committee on Appropriations of the 
                Senate'' and all that follows through the semi-colon and 
                inserting ``Committee on Appropriations of the Senate 
                on--''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:

[[Page 128 STAT. 864]]

                    ``(A) long-term and short-term national policies and 
                priorities consistent with the purposes specified in 
                section 1402 for agricultural research, extension, 
                education, and economics; and
                    ``(B) the annual establishment of priorities that--
                          ``(i) are in accordance with the purposes 
                      specified in a provision of a covered law (as 
                      defined in subsection (d) of section 1492) under 
                      which competitive grants (described in subsection 
                      (c) of such section) are awarded; and
                          ``(ii) the Board determines are national 
                      priorities.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the national 
                research policies and priorities set forth in'' 
                inserting ``national research policies and priorities 
                that are consistent with the purposes specified in''; 
                and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) consult with industry groups on agricultural research, 
        extension, education, and economics, and make recommendations to 
        the Secretary based on that consultation.''.
SEC. 7103. SPECIALTY CROP COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment of Subcommittee.--Section 1408A(a) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123a(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Citrus disease subcommittee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the 
                date of the enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, 
                the Secretary shall establish within the speciality 
                crops committee, and appoint the initial members of, a 
                citrus disease subcommittee to carry out the 
                responsibilities of the subcommittee described in 
                subsection (g) in accordance with subsection (j)(3) of 
                section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
                Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632).
                    ``(B) Composition.--The citrus disease subcommittee 
                shall be composed of 9 members, each of whom is a 
                domestic producer of citrus in a State, represented as 
                follows:
                          ``(i) Three of such members shall represent 
                      Arizona or California.
                          ``(ii) Five of such members shall represent 
                      Florida.
                          ``(iii) One of such members shall represent 
                      Texas.
                    ``(C) Membership.--The Secretary may appoint 
                individuals who are not members of the specialty crops 
                committee or the Advisory Board established under 
                section 1408 as members of the citrus disease 
                subcommittee
                    ``(D) Termination.--The subcommittee established 
                under subparagraph (A) shall terminate on September 30, 
                2018.

[[Page 128 STAT. 865]]

                    ``(E) Federal advisory committee act.--The 
                subcommittee established under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                covered by the exemption to section 9(c) of the Federal 
                Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) applicable to the 
                Advisory Board under section 1408(f).''.

    (b) Members.--Section 1408A(b) of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a(b)) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Individuals'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Eligibility.--Individuals'';
            (2) by striking ``Members'' and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Service.--Members''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Diversity.--Membership of the specialty crops 
        committee shall reflect diversity in the specialty crops 
        represented.''.

    (c) Annual Committee Report.--Section 1408A(c) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3123a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Measures'' and inserting 
        ``Programs'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively;
            (4) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``Programs that would'' and inserting 
                ``Research, extension, and teaching programs designed to 
                improve competitiveness in the specialty crop industry, 
                including programs that would'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, including 
                improving the quality and taste of processed specialty 
                crops'' before the semicolon; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``the remote 
                sensing and the'' before ``mechanization''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Analysis of the alignment of specialty crops committee 
        recommendations with grants awarded through the specialty crop 
        research initiative established under section 412 of the 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 
        1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632).''.

    (d) Consultation With Specialty Crop Industry.--Section 1408A of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ``(d) Consultation With Specialty Crop Industry.--In studying the 
scope and effectiveness of programs under subsection (a), the specialty 
crops committee shall consult on an ongoing basis with diverse sectors 
of the specialty crop industry.''; and
            (3) in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by 
        striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)''.

    (e) Duties of Citrus Disease Subcommittee.--Section 1408A of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a), as amended by subsection

[[Page 128 STAT. 866]]

(d), is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(g) Citrus Disease Subcommittee Duties.--For the purposes of 
subsection (j) of section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632), the citrus disease 
subcommittee shall--
            ``(1) advise the Secretary on citrus research, extension, 
        and development needs;
            ``(2) propose, by a favorable vote of two-thirds of the 
        members of the subcommittee, a research and extension agenda and 
        annual budgets for the funds made available to carry out such 
        subsection;
            ``(3) evaluate and review ongoing research and extension 
        funded under the emergency citrus disease research and extension 
        program (as defined in such subsection);
            ``(4) establish, by a favorable vote of two-thirds of the 
        members of the subcommittee, annual priorities for the award of 
        grants under such subsection;
            ``(5) provide the Secretary any comments on grants awarded 
        under such subsection during the previous fiscal year; and
            ``(6) engage in regular consultation and collaboration with 
        the Department and other institutional, governmental, and 
        private persons conducting scientific research on, and extension 
        activities related to, the causes or treatments of citrus 
        diseases and pests, both domestic and invasive, for purposes 
        of--
                    ``(A) maximizing the effectiveness of research and 
                extension projects funded under the citrus disease 
                research and extension program;
                    ``(B) hastening the development of useful 
                treatments;
                    ``(C) avoiding duplicative and wasteful 
                expenditures; and
                    ``(D) providing the Secretary with such information 
                and advice as the Secretary may request.''.
SEC. 7104. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.

    The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1415A (7 U.S.C. 3151a) 
the following new section:
``SEC. 1415B. <<NOTE: 7 USC 3151b.>>  VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT 
                            PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Qualified entity.--The term `qualified entity' means--
                    ``(A) a for-profit or nonprofit entity located in 
                the United States that, or an individual who, operates a 
                veterinary clinic providing veterinary services--
                          ``(i) in a rural area, as defined in section 
                      343(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                      Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)); and
                          ``(ii) in a veterinarian shortage situation;
                    ``(B) a State, national, allied, or regional 
                veterinary organization or specialty board recognized by 
                the American Veterinary Medical Association;
                    ``(C) a college or school of veterinary medicine 
                accredited by the American Veterinary Medical 
                Association;
                    ``(D) a university research foundation or veterinary 
                medical foundation;

[[Page 128 STAT. 867]]

                    ``(E) a department of veterinary science or 
                department of comparative medicine accredited by the 
                Department of Education;
                    ``(F) a State agricultural experiment station; or
                    ``(G) a State, local, or tribal government agency.
            ``(2) Veterinarian shortage situation.--The term 
        `veterinarian shortage situation' means a veterinarian shortage 
        situation as determined by the Secretary under section 1415A.

    ``(b) Establishment.--
            ``(1) Competitive grants.--The Secretary shall carry out a 
        program to make competitive grants to qualified entities that 
        carry out programs or activities described in paragraph (2) for 
        the purpose of developing, implementing, and sustaining 
        veterinary services.
            ``(2) Eligibility requirements.--A qualified entity shall be 
        eligible to receive a grant described in paragraph (1) if the 
        entity carries out programs or activities that the Secretary 
        determines will--
                    ``(A) substantially relieve veterinarian shortage 
                situations;
                    ``(B) support or facilitate private veterinary 
                practices engaged in public health activities; or
                    ``(C) support or facilitate the practices of 
                veterinarians who are providing or have completed 
                providing services under an agreement entered into with 
                the Secretary under section 1415A(a)(2).

    ``(c) Award Processes and Preferences.--
            ``(1) Application, evaluation, and input processes.--In 
        administering the grant program established under this section, 
        the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) use an appropriate application and evaluation 
                process, as determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) seek the input of interested persons.
            ``(2) Coordination preference.--In selecting recipients of 
        grants to be used for any of the purposes described in 
        subsection (d)(1), the Secretary shall give a preference to 
        qualified entities that provide documentation of coordination 
        with other qualified entities, with respect to any such purpose.
            ``(3) Consideration of available funds.--In selecting 
        recipients of grants to be used for any of the purposes 
        described in subsection (d), the Secretary shall take into 
        consideration the amount of funds available for grants and the 
        purposes for which the grant funds will be used.
            ``(4) Nature of grants.--A grant awarded under this section 
        shall be considered to be a competitive research, extension, or 
        education grant.

    ``(d) Use of Grants To Relieve Veterinarian Shortage Situations and 
Support Veterinary Services.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
        qualified entity may use funds provided by a grant awarded under 
        this section to relieve veterinarian shortage situations and 
        support veterinary services for any of the following purposes:
                    ``(A) To promote recruitment (including for programs 
                in secondary schools), placement, and retention of 
                veterinarians, veterinary technicians, students of 
                veterinary medicine, and students of veterinary 
                technology.

[[Page 128 STAT. 868]]

                    ``(B) To allow veterinary students, veterinary 
                interns, externs, fellows, and residents, and veterinary 
                technician students to cover expenses (other than the 
                types of expenses described in section 1415A(c)(5)) to 
                attend training programs in food safety or food animal 
                medicine.
                    ``(C) To establish or expand accredited veterinary 
                education programs (including faculty recruitment and 
                retention), veterinary residency and fellowship 
                programs, or veterinary internship and externship 
                programs carried out in coordination with accredited 
                colleges of veterinary medicine.
                    ``(D) To provide continuing education and extension, 
                including veterinary telemedicine and other distance-
                based education, for veterinarians, veterinary 
                technicians, and other health professionals needed to 
                strengthen veterinary programs and enhance food safety.
                    ``(E) To provide technical assistance for the 
                preparation of applications submitted to the Secretary 
                for designation as a veterinarian shortage situation 
                under this section or section 1415A.
            ``(2) Qualified entities operating veterinary clinics.--A 
        qualified entity described in subsection (a)(1)(A) may only use 
        funds provided by a grant awarded under this section to 
        establish or expand veterinary practices, including--
                    ``(A) equipping veterinary offices;
                    ``(B) sharing in the reasonable overhead costs of 
                such veterinary practices, as determined by the 
                Secretary; or
                    ``(C) establishing mobile veterinary facilities in 
                which a portion of the facilities will address education 
                or extension needs.

    ``(e) Special Requirements for Certain Grants.--
            ``(1) Terms of service requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Funds provided through a grant 
                made under this section to a qualified entity described 
                in subsection (a)(1)(A) and used by such entity under 
                subsection (d)(2) shall be subject to an agreement 
                between the Secretary and such entity that includes a 
                required term of service for such entity (including a 
                qualified entity operating as an individual), as 
                established by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In establishing a term of 
                service under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                consider only--
                          ``(i) the amount of the grant awarded; and
                          ``(ii) the specific purpose of the grant.
            ``(2) Breach remedies.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An agreement under paragraph (1) 
                shall provide remedies for any breach of the agreement 
                by the qualified entity referred to in paragraph (1)(A), 
                including repayment or partial repayment of the grant 
                funds, with interest.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary may grant a waiver of 
                the repayment obligation for breach of contract if the 
                Secretary determines that such qualified entity 
                demonstrates extreme hardship or extreme need.
                    ``(C) Treatment of amounts recovered.--Funds 
                recovered under this paragraph shall--

[[Page 128 STAT. 869]]

                          ``(i) be credited to the account available to 
                      carry out this section; and
                          ``(ii) remain available until expended without 
                      further appropriation.

    ``(f) Prohibition on Use of Grant Funds for Construction.--Except as 
provided in subsection (d)(2), funds made available for grants under 
this section may not be used--
            ``(1) to construct a new building or facility; or
            ``(2) to acquire, expand, remodel, or alter an existing 
        building or facility, including site grading and improvement and 
        architect fees.

    ``(g) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations to 
carry out this section.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter, to remain available 
until expended.''.
SEC. 7105. GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 
                          SCIENCES EDUCATION.

    Section 1417(m) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3152(m)) is amended by 
striking ``section $60,000,000'' and all that follows and inserting the 
following: ``section--
            ``(1) $60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1990 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7106. AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD POLICY RESEARCH CENTERS.

    Section 1419A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3155) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``agricultural and 
        food'' before ``policy'';
            (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary may'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary shall, acting through the Office of the 
                Chief Economist,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``make grants, competitive grants, 
                and special research grants to, and enter into 
                cooperative agreements and other contracting instruments 
                with,'' and inserting ``make competitive grants to, or 
                enter into cooperative agreements with,'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(b) Eligible Recipients.--An entity eligible to apply for funding 
under subsection (a) is a State agricultural experiment station, college 
or university, or other public research institution or organization that 
has a history of providing--
            ``(1) unbiased, nonpartisan economic analysis to Congress on 
        the areas specified in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection 
        (a); or
            ``(2) objective, scientific information to Federal agencies 
        and the public to support and enhance efficient, accurate 
        implementation of Federal drought preparedness and drought

[[Page 128 STAT. 870]]

        response programs, including interagency thresholds used to 
        determine eligibility for mitigation or emergency assistance.'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(c) Preference.--In making awards under this section, the 
Secretary shall give a preference to policy research centers that have--
            ``(1) extensive databases, models, and demonstrated 
        experience in providing Congress with agricultural market 
        projections, rural development analysis, agricultural policy 
        analysis, and baseline projections at the farm, multiregional, 
        national, and international levels; or
            ``(2) information, analysis, and research relating to 
        drought mitigation.'';
            (6) in subsection (d)(2) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), 
        by inserting ``applied'' after ``theoretical and''; and
            (7) by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (4)) and inserting the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7107. EDUCATION GRANTS TO ALASKA NATIVE SERVING INSTITUTIONS 
                          AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN SERVING 
                          INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1419B of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3156) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(or grants 
                without regard to any requirement for competition)''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2012'' and 
                inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(or grants 
                without regard to any requirement for competition)''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2012'' and 
                inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7108. REPEAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION INTERVENTION AND HEALTH 
                          PROMOTION RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 1424 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3174) is repealed.
SEC. 7109. REPEAL OF PILOT RESEARCH PROGRAM TO COMBINE MEDICAL AND 
                          AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH.

    Section 1424A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3174a) is repealed.
SEC. 7110. NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Section 1425(f) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175(f)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 871]]

SEC. 7111. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1433 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3195) is amended to 
read as follows:
``SEC. 1433. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE, FOOD SECURITY, 
                          AND STEWARDSHIP RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND 
                          EXTENSION PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Capacity and Infrastructure Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--In each State with one or more accredited 
        colleges of veterinary medicine, the deans of the accredited 
        college or colleges and the director of the State agricultural 
        experiment station shall develop a comprehensive animal health 
        and disease research program for the State based on the animal 
        health research capacity of each eligible institution in the 
        State, which shall be submitted to the Secretary for approval 
        and shall be used for the allocation of funds available to the 
        State under this section.
            ``(2) Use of funds.--An eligible institution allocated funds 
        to carry out animal health and disease research under this 
        section may only use such funds--
                    ``(A) to meet the expenses of conducting animal 
                health and disease research, publishing and 
                disseminating the results of such research, and 
                contributing to the retirement of employees subject to 
                the Act of March 4, 1940 (7 U.S.C. 331);
                    ``(B) for administrative planning and direction; and
                    ``(C) to purchase equipment and supplies necessary 
                for conducting research described in subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Cooperation among eligible institutions.--The 
        Secretary, to the maximum extent practicable, shall encourage 
        eligible institutions to cooperate in setting research 
        priorities under this section through conducting regular 
        regional and national meetings.

    ``(b) Competitive Grant Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, for purposes of addressing 
        the critical needs of animal agriculture, shall award 
        competitive grants to eligible entities under which such 
        eligible entities--
                    ``(A) conduct research--
                          ``(i) to promote food security, such as by--
                                    ``(I) improving feed efficiency;
                                    ``(II) improving energetic 
                                efficiency;
                                    ``(III) connecting genomics, 
                                proteomics, metabolomics and related 
                                phenomena to animal production;
                                    ``(IV) improving reproductive 
                                efficiency; and
                                    ``(V) enhancing pre- and post-
                                harvest food safety systems; and
                          ``(ii) on the relationship between animal and 
                      human health, such as by--
                                    ``(I) exploring new approaches for 
                                vaccine development;
                                    ``(II) understanding and controlling 
                                zoonosis, including its impact on food 
                                safety;
                                    ``(III) improving animal health 
                                through feed; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 872]]

                                    ``(IV) enhancing product quality and 
                                nutritive value; and
                    ``(B) develop and disseminate to the public tools 
                and information based on the research conducted under 
                subparagraph (A) and sound science.
            ``(2) Eligible entities.--An entity eligible to receive a 
        grant under this subsection is any of the following:
                    ``(A) A State cooperative institution.
                    ``(B) An NLGCA Institution.
            ``(3) Administration.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall establish procedures--
                    ``(A) to seek and accept proposals for grants;
                    ``(B) to review and determine the relevance and 
                merit of proposals, in consultation with representatives 
                of the animal agriculture industry;
                    ``(C) to provide a scientific peer review of each 
                proposal conducted by a panel of subject matter experts 
                from Federal agencies, academic institutions, State 
                animal health agencies, and the animal agriculture 
                industry; and
                    ``(D) to award competitive grants on the basis of 
                merit, quality, and relevance.

    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Reservation of funds.--The Secretary shall reserve not 
        less than $5,000,000 of the funds made available under paragraph 
        (1) to carry out the capacity and infrastructure program under 
        subsection (a).
            ``(3) Initial apportionment.--The amounts made available 
        under paragraph (1) that are remaining after the reservation of 
        funds under paragraph (2), shall be apportioned as follows:
                    ``(A) 15 percent of such amounts shall be used to 
                carry out the capacity and infrastructure program under 
                subsection (a).
                    ``(B) 85 percent of such funds shall be used to 
                carry out the competitive grant program under subsection 
                (b).
            ``(4) Additional apportionment.--The funds reserved under 
        paragraph (2) and apportioned under paragraph (3)(A) to carry 
        out the capacity and infrastructure program under subsection (a) 
        shall be apportioned as follows:
                    ``(A) Four percent shall be retained by the 
                Department of Agriculture for administration, program 
                assistance to the eligible institutions, and program 
                coordination.
                    ``(B) 48 percent shall be distributed among the 
                several States in the proportion that the value of and 
                income to producers from domestic livestock, poultry, 
                and commercial aquaculture species in each State bears 
                to the total value of and income to producers from 
                domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture 
                species in all the States. The Secretary shall determine 
                the total value of and income from domestic livestock, 
                poultry, and commercial aquaculture species in all the 
                States and the proportionate value of and income from 
                domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture 
                species for each State, based on the most current 
                inventory of all cattle, sheep,

[[Page 128 STAT. 873]]

                swine, horses, poultry, and commercial aquaculture 
                species published by the Department of Agriculture.
                    ``(C) 48 percent shall be distributed among the 
                several States in the proportion that the animal health 
                research capacity of the eligible institutions in each 
                State bears to the total animal health research capacity 
                in all the States. The Secretary shall determine the 
                animal health research capacity of the eligible 
                institutions.
            ``(5) Special rules for apportionment of certain funds.--
        With respect to funds reserved under paragraph (2) and 
        apportioned under paragraph (3)(A) to carry out the capacity and 
        infrastructure program under subsection (a), the following shall 
        apply:
                    ``(A) When the amount available under this section 
                for allotment to any State on the basis of domestic 
                livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species 
                values and incomes exceeds the amount for which the 
                eligible institution or institutions in the State are 
                eligible on the basis of animal health research 
                capacity, the excess may be used, at the discretion of 
                the Secretary, for remodeling of facilities, 
                construction of new facilities, or increase in staffing, 
                proportionate to the need for added research capacity.
                    ``(B) Whenever a new college of veterinary medicine 
                is established in a State and is accredited, the 
                Secretary, after consultation with the dean of such 
                college and the director of the State agricultural 
                experiment station and where applicable, deans of other 
                accredited colleges in the State, shall provide for the 
                reallocation of funds available to the State pursuant to 
                paragraph (4) between the new college and other eligible 
                institutions in the State, based on the animal health 
                research capacity of each eligible institution.
                    ``(C) Whenever two or more States jointly establish 
                an accredited regional college of veterinary medicine or 
                jointly support an accredited college of veterinary 
                medicine serving the States involved, the Secretary is 
                authorized to make funds which are available to such 
                States pursuant to paragraph (4) available for such 
                college in such amount that reflects the combined 
                relative value of, and income from, domestic livestock, 
                poultry, and commercial aquaculture species in the 
                cooperating States, such amount to be adjusted, as 
                necessary, pursuant to subsection (a)(1) and 
                subparagraph (B).''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Definition of state cooperative institution.--Section 
        1404(18) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
        Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(18)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``subtitles E, 
                G,'' and inserting ``subtitles G,'';
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as 
                subparagraph (G); and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) section 1430; and''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 874]]

            (2) Definition of capacity and infrastructure program.--
        Section 251(f)(1)(C)(vi) of the Department of Agriculture 
        Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C)(vi)) is 
        amended by inserting ``except for the competitive grant program 
        under section 1433(b)'' before the period at the end.
            (3) Subtitle e of the national agricultural research, 
        extension, and teaching policy act of 1977.--Subtitle E of the 
        National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 is amended--
                    (A) in section 1431(a) (7 U.S.C. 3193(a)), by 
                inserting ``under sections 1433(a) and 1434'' after 
                ``eligible institutions'';
                    (B) in section 1435 (7 U.S.C. 3197), by striking 
                ``for allocation under the terms of this subtitle'' and 
                inserting ``to carry out sections 1433(a) and 1434'';
                    (C) in section 1436 (7 U.S.C. 3198), in the first 
                sentence, by striking ``section 1433 of this title'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (c) of section 1433 to carry out 
                subsection (a) of such section'';
                    (D) in section 1437 (7 U.S.C. 3199), in the first 
                sentence, by striking ``States under section 1433 of 
                this title'' and inserting ``States under subsection (c) 
                of section 1433 to carry out subsection (a) of such 
                section'';
                    (E) in section 1438 (7 U.S.C. 3200), in the first 
                sentence by striking ``under this subtitle'' and 
                inserting ``under subsection (c) of section 1433 to 
                carry out subsection (a) of such section''; and
                    (F) in section 1439 (7 U.S.C. 3201), by striking 
                ``under this subtitle'' and inserting ``under subsection 
                (c) of section 1433 to carry out subsection (a) of such 
                section or section 1434, as applicable,''.
            (4) Authorization for appropriations for existing and 
        certain new agricultural research programs.--Section 1463(c) of 
        the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311(c)) is amended by striking 
        ``sections 1433 and 1434'' and inserting ``sections 1433(a) and 
        1434''.
SEC. 7112. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES 
                          FACILITIES AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, 
                          INCLUDING TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.

    Section 1447(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b(b)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7113. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SCIENCE 
                          FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT AT INSULAR AREA 
                          LAND-GRANT INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Supporting Tropical and Subtropical Agricultural Research.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1447B(a) of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    ``(a) Purpose.--It is the intent of Congress to assist the land-
grant colleges and universities in the insular areas in efforts to--
            ``(1) acquire, alter, or repair facilities or relevant 
        equipment necessary for conducting agricultural research; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 875]]

            ``(2) support tropical and subtropical agricultural 
        research, including pest and disease research.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1447B of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-2) is amended in the heading--
                    (A) by inserting ``and support tropical and 
                subtropical agricultural research'' after ``equipment''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``institutions'' and inserting 
                ``colleges and universities''.

    (b) Extension.--Section 1447B(d) of the National Agricultural 
Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-
2(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7114. REPEAL OF NATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING VIRTUAL 
                          CENTERS.

    Section 1448 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222c) is repealed.
SEC. 7115. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1455(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3241(c)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7116. COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM FOR HISPANIC AGRICULTURAL 
                          WORKERS AND YOUTH.

    Section 1456(e)(1) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3243(e)(1)) is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        competitive grants program--
                    ``(A) to fund fundamental and applied research and 
                extension at Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and 
                universities in agriculture, human nutrition, food 
                science, bioenergy, and environmental science; and
                    ``(B) to award competitive grants to Hispanic-
                serving agricultural colleges and universities to 
                provide for training in the food and agricultural 
                sciences of Hispanic agricultural workers and Hispanic 
                youth working in the food and agricultural sciences.''.
SEC. 7117. COMPETITIVE GRANTS FOR INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL 
                          SCIENCE AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 1459A(c) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3292b(c)) is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7118. REPEAL OF RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 1462A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3310a) is repealed.
SEC. 7119. UNIVERSITY RESEARCH.

    Section 1463 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311) is amended by

[[Page 128 STAT. 876]]

striking ``2012'' each place it appears in subsections (a) and (b) and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7120. EXTENSION SERVICE.

    Section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3312) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7121. AUDITING, REPORTING, BOOKKEEPING, AND ADMINISTRATIVE 
                          REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1469 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3315) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as 
        subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(b) Agreements With Former Agricultural Research Facilities of the 
Department.--To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary, for 
purposes of supporting ongoing research and information dissemination 
activities, including supporting research and those activities through 
co-locating scientists and other technical personnel, sharing of 
laboratory and field equipment, and providing financial support, shall 
enter into grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, or other legal 
instruments with former Department of Agriculture agricultural research 
facilities.''.
SEC. 7122. SUPPLEMENTAL AND ALTERNATIVE CROPS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations and Termination.--Section 1473D 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(e) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

    (b) Competitive Grants.--Section 1473D(c)(1) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3319d(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``use such research funding, 
special or competitive grants, or other means, as the Secretary 
determines,'' and inserting ``make competitive grants''.
SEC. 7123. CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS FOR NLGCA INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 1473F(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319i(b)) is amended by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7124. AQUACULTURE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Competitive Grants.--Section 1475(b) of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3322(b)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
inserting ``competitive'' before ``grants''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1477 of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
U.S.C. 3324) is amended to read as follows:

[[Page 128 STAT. 877]]

``SEC. 1477. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this subtitle--
            ``(1) $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 through 2013; 
        and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.

    ``(b) Prohibition on Use.--Funds made available under this section 
may not be used to acquire or construct a building.''.
SEC. 7125. RANGELAND RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    Section 1483(a) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3336(a)) is amended by 
striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows and inserting the following: 
``subtitle--
            ``(1) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7126. SPECIAL AUTHORIZATION FOR BIOSECURITY PLANNING AND 
                          RESPONSE.

    Section 1484(a) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3351(a)) is amended by 
striking ``response such sums as are necessary'' and all that follows 
and inserting the following: ``response--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7127. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND RESIDENT INSTRUCTION GRANTS 
                          PROGRAM FOR INSULAR AREA INSTITUTIONS OF 
                          HIGHER EDUCATION.

    (a) Distance Education Grants for Insular Areas.--
            (1) Competitive grants.--Section 1490(a) of the National 
        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(a)) is amended by striking ``or 
        noncompetitive''.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 1490(f) of the 
        National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
        Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(f)) is amended by striking 
        ``section'' and all that follows and inserting the following: 
        ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

    (b) Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 1491(c) 
of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363(c)) is amended by striking ``such sums as are 
necessary'' and all that follows and inserting the following: ``to carry 
out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2002 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7128. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subtitle:

[[Page 128 STAT. 878]]

                    ``Subtitle P--General Provisions

``SEC. 1492. <<NOTE: 7 USC 3371.>>  MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--The recipient of a competitive grant that is 
awarded by the Secretary under a covered law shall provide funds, in-
kind contributions, or a combination of both, from sources other than 
funds provided through such grant in an amount that is at least equal to 
the amount of such grant.
    ``(b) Exception.--The matching funds requirement under subsection 
(a) shall not apply to grants awarded--
            ``(1) to a research agency of the Department of Agriculture; 
        or
            ``(2) to an entity eligible to receive funds under a 
        capacity and infrastructure program (as defined in section 
        251(f)(1)(C) of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act 
        of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C))), including a partner of such 
        entity.

    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching funds 
requirement under subsection (a) for a year with respect to a 
competitive grant that involves research or extension activities that 
are consistent with the priorities established by the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory 
Board under section 1408(c)(1)(B) for the year involved. 
    ``(d) Covered Law.--In this section, the term `covered law' means 
each of the following provisions of law:
            ``(1) This title.
            ``(2) Title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.).
            ``(3) The Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
        Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601 et seq.).
            ``(4) Part III of subtitle E of title VII of the Food, 
        Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008.
            ``(5) The Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
        Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i).''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) National agricultural research, extension, and teaching 
        policy act of 1977.--The National Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 is amended--
                    (A) in section 1415(a) (7 U.S.C. 3151(a)), by 
                striking the second sentence;
                    (B) in section 1475(b) (7 U.S.C. 3322(b)), in the 
                matter following paragraph (4), by striking ``Except in 
                the case of'' and all that follows; and
                    (C) in section 1480 (7 U.S.C. 3333)--
                          (i) by striking subsection (b); and
                          (ii) by striking ``(a) In General.--The 
                      Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''.
            (2) Food, agriculture, conservation, and trade act of 
        1990.--The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
        1990 is amended--
                    (A) in section 1623(d)(2) (7 U.S.C. 5813(d)(2)), by 
                adding at the end the following: ``The matching funds 
                requirement under section 1492 of the National 
                Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
                Act of 1977 shall not apply to grants awarded under this 
                section.'';
                    (B) in section 1671 (7 U.S.C. 5924)--

[[Page 128 STAT. 879]]

                          (i) by striking subsection (e); and
                          (ii) by redesignating subsection (f) as 
                      subsection (e);
                    (C) in section 1672 (7 U.S.C. 5925)--
                          (i) by striking subsection (c); and
                          (ii) by redesignating subsections (d) through 
                      (j) as subsections (c) through (i), respectively; 
                      and
                    (D) in section 1672B (7 U.S.C. 5925b)--
                          (i) by striking subsection (c); and
                          (ii) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), 
                      and (f) as subsections (c), (d), and (e), 
                      respectively.
            (3) Agricultural research, extension, and education reform 
        act of 1998.--The Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
        Education Reform Act of 1998 is amended--
                    (A) in section 406 (7 U.S.C. 7626)--
                          (i) by striking subsection (d); and
                          (ii) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) 
                      as subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                    (B) in section 412(e) (7 U.S.C. 7632(e))--
                          (i) by striking paragraph (3); and
                          (ii) by redesignating paragraph (4) as 
                      paragraph (3).
            (4) Competitive, special, and facilities research grant 
        act.--Subsection (b)(9) of the Competitive, Special, and 
        Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(9)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding at the end the 
                following new clause:
                          ``(iii) Exemption.--The matching funds 
                      requirement under section 1492 of the National 
                      Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                      Policy Act of 1977 shall not apply in the case of 
                      a grant made under paragraph (6)(A).''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B).
            (5) Sun grant program.--Section 7526(c)(1)(D)(iv) of the 
        Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        8114(c)(1)(D)(iv)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
        new subclause:
                                    ``(IV) Relation to other matching 
                                fund requirement.--The matching funds 
                                requirement under section 1492 of the 
                                National Agricultural Research, 
                                Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
                                1977 shall not apply in the case of a 
                                grant provided by a sun grant center or 
                                subcenter under this paragraph.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 7 USC 3371 note.>>  Application to Amendments.--
            (1) New grants.--Section 1492 of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, as added 
        by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to grants described 
        in such section awarded after October 1, 2014, unless the 
        provision of a covered law under which such grants are awarded 
        specifically exempts such grants from the matching funds 
        requirement under such section.
            (2) Grants awarded on or before october 1, 2014.--
        Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (b), a 
        matching funds requirement in effect on or before the date of 
        the enactment of this section under a provision of a covered

[[Page 128 STAT. 880]]

        law shall continue to apply to a grant awarded under such 
        provision on or before October 1, 2014.
SEC. 7129. <<NOTE: 7 USC 321 note.>>  DESIGNATION OF CENTRAL STATE 
                          UNIVERSITY AS 1890 INSTITUTION.

    (a) Designation.--Any provision of a Federal law relating to 
colleges and universities eligible to receive funds under the Act of 
August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee University, 
shall apply to Central State University.
    (b) Funding Restriction.--Notwithstanding the designation under 
subsection (a), for fiscal years 2014 and 2015, Central State University 
shall not be eligible to receive formula funds under--
            (1) section 1444 or 1445 of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3221 and 3222);
            (2) section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343(d)) to 
        carry out the national education program established under 
        section 1425 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
        and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175);
            (3) the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 
        1671 et seq.); or
            (4) Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the McIntire-
        Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.).

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

SEC. 7201. BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS.

    Section 1624 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5814) is amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by striking ``$40,000,000 for each fiscal year''; and
            (2) by inserting ``$40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 
        through 2018'' after ``chapter''.
SEC. 7202. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.

    Section 1627(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5821(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section through the National Institute of 
Food and Agriculture $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 through 
2018.''.
SEC. 7203. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND 
                          TRANSFER PROGRAM.

    Section 1628(f) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5831(f)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7204. NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM.

    Section 1629(i) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5832(i)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the National Training Program $20,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2013 through 2018.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 881]]

SEC. 7205. NATIONAL GENETICS RESOURCES PROGRAM.

    Section 1635(b) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5844(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such funds as may be necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``subtitle'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``subtitle--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1991 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7206. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM.

    Section 1641(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5855(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``$5,000,000 to carry out this subtitle'' 
        and inserting ``to carry out this subtitle $5,000,000''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2018'' before the period at the end.
SEC. 7207. REPEAL OF RURAL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE EXTENSION PROGRAM.

    Section 1670 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5923) is repealed.
SEC. 7208. AGRICULTURAL GENOME INITIATIVE.

    Section 1671(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5924(c)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(3) Consortia.--The Secretary shall encourage awards under 
        this section to consortia of eligible entities.''.
SEC. 7209. HIGH-PRIORITY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES.

    Section 1672 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence of subsection (a), by striking 
        ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting ``subsections (d) 
        through (g)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), in the first sentence, by striking 
        ``subsections (e) through (i)'' and inserting ``subsections (d) 
        through (g)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (h) (as redesignated by section 
        7128(b)(2)(C)(ii));
            (4) by redesignating subsection (i) (as redesignated by such 
        section) as subsection (h);
            (5) in subsection (d) (as redesignated by such section)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (1) through (5), (7), 
                (8), (11) through (43), (47), (48), (51), and (52);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (9), (10), 
                (44), (45), (46), (49), and (50) as paragraphs (1), (2), 
                (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), and (8), respectively; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(9) Coffee plant health initiative.--Research and 
        extension grants may be made under this section for the purposes 
        of--
                    ``(A) developing and disseminating science-based 
                tools and treatments to combat the coffee berry borer 
                (Hypothenemus hampei); and

[[Page 128 STAT. 882]]

                    ``(B) establishing an areawide integrated pest 
                management program in areas affected by, or areas at 
                risk of, being affected by the coffee berry borer.
            ``(10) Corn, soybean meal, cereal grains, and grain 
        byproducts research and extension.--Research and extension 
        grants may be made under this section for the purpose of 
        carrying out or enhancing research to improve the digestibility, 
        nutritional value, and efficiency of the use of corn, soybean 
        meal, cereal grains, and grain byproducts for the poultry and 
        food animal production industries.'';
            (6) by striking subsection (e) (as redesignated by such 
        section) and inserting the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Pulse Crop Health Initiative.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Initiative.--The term `Initiative' means the 
                pulse crop health initiative established by paragraph 
                (2).
                    ``(B) Pulse crop.--The term `pulse crop' means dry 
                beans, dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas.
            ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall carry out a pulse 
        crop health competitive research and extension initiative to 
        address the critical needs of the pulse crop industry by 
        developing and disseminating science-based tools and 
        information, including--
                    ``(A) research conducted with respect to pulse crops 
                in the areas of health and nutrition, such as--
                          ``(i) pulse crop diets and the ability of such 
                      diets to reduce obesity and associated chronic 
                      disease; and
                          ``(ii) the underlying mechanisms of the health 
                      benefits of pulse crop consumption;
                    ``(B) research related to the functionality of pulse 
                crops, such as--
                          ``(i) improving the functional properties of 
                      pulse crops and pulse crop fractions; and
                          ``(ii) developing new and innovative 
                      technologies to improve pulse crops as an 
                      ingredient in food products;
                    ``(C) research conducted with respect to pulse crops 
                for purposes of enhancing sustainability and global food 
                security, such as--
                          ``(i) improving pulse crop productivity, 
                      nutrient density, and phytonutrient content using 
                      plant breeding, genetics, and genomics;
                          ``(ii) improving pest and disease management, 
                      including resistance to pests and diseases; and
                          ``(iii) improving nitrogen fixation and water 
                      use efficiency to reduce the carbon and energy 
                      footprint of agriculture;
                    ``(D) the optimization of systems used in producing 
                pulse crops to reduce water usage; and
                    ``(E) education and technical assistance programs 
                with respect to pulse crops, such as programs--
                          ``(i) providing technical expertise to help 
                      food companies include pulse crops in innovative 
                      and healthy food; and
                          ``(ii) establishing an educational program to 
                      encourage pulse crop consumption in the United 
                      States.

[[Page 128 STAT. 883]]

            ``(3) Administration.--Paragraphs (4), (7), (8), and (11)(B) 
        of subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
        Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)) shall apply with respect 
        to the making of a competitive grant under this subsection.
            ``(4) Priorities.--In making competitive grants under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall provide a higher priority to 
        projects that--
                    ``(A) are multistate, multiinstitutional, and 
                multidisciplinary; and
                    ``(B) include explicit mechanisms to communicate 
                results to the pulse crop industry and the public.
            ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $25,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.'';
            (7) by striking subsection (f) (as redesignated by such 
        section) and inserting the following new subsection:

    ``(f) Training Coordination for Food and Agriculture Protection.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make a competitive 
        grant to, or enter into a contract or a cooperative agreement 
        with, an eligible entity (described in paragraph (2)) for 
        purposes of establishing an internationally integrated training 
        system to enhance the protection of the food supply in the 
        United States, to be known as the `Comprehensive Food Safety 
        Training Network' (referred to in this subsection as the 
        `Network').
            ``(2) Eligibility.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this subsection, 
                an eligible entity is a multiinstitutional consortium 
                that includes--
                          ``(i) a nonprofit institution that provides 
                      food safety protection training; and
                          ``(ii) one or more training centers in 
                      institutions of higher education (as defined in 
                      section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                      (20 U.S.C. 1001)) that have demonstrated expertise 
                      in developing and delivering community-based 
                      training in food supply and agricultural safety 
                      and defense.
                    ``(B) Collective consideration.--The Secretary may 
                consider such consortium collectively and not on an 
                institution-by-institution basis.
            ``(3) Duties of eligible entity.--As a condition of 
        receiving a competitive grant or entering into a contract or a 
        cooperative agreement with the Secretary under this subsection, 
        the eligible entity, in cooperation with the Secretary, shall 
        establish and maintain the Network, including by--
                    ``(A) providing basic, technical, management, and 
                leadership training (including by developing curricula) 
                to regulatory and public health officials, producers, 
                processors, and other agribusinesses;
                    ``(B) serving as the hub for the administration of 
                the Network;
                    ``(C) implementing a standardized national 
                curriculum to ensure the consistent delivery of quality 
                training throughout the United States;

[[Page 128 STAT. 884]]

                    ``(D) building and overseeing a nationally 
                recognized instructor cadre to ensure the availability 
                of highly qualified instructors;
                    ``(E) reviewing training proposed through the 
                National Institute of Food and Agriculture and other 
                relevant Federal agencies that report to the Secretary 
                on the quality and content of proposed and existing 
                courses;
                    ``(F) assisting Federal agencies in the 
                implementation of food safety protection training 
                requirements including requirements under the Federal 
                Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.), 
                the Agricultural Act of 2014, and any provision of law 
                amended by such Act; and
                    ``(G) performing evaluation and outcome-based 
                studies to provide to the Secretary information on the 
                effectiveness and impact of training and metrics on 
                jurisdictions and sectors within the food safety system.
            ``(4) Membership.--An eligible entity may alter the 
        consortium membership to meet specific training expertise needs.
            ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $20,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, to remain available 
        until expended.'';
            (8) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by such section)--
                    (A) by striking ``2012'' each place it appears in 
                paragraphs (1)(B), (2)(B), and (3) and inserting 
                ``2018'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking ``pest and 
                      pathogen''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``pest and pathogen 
                      surveillance'' and inserting ``pest, pathogen, 
                      health, and population status surveillance'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5);
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(4) Consultation.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of the Interior and the Administrator of the 
        Environmental Protection Agency, shall publish guidance on 
        enhancing pollinator health and the long-term viability of 
        populations of pollinators, including recommendations related 
        to--
                    ``(A) allowing for managed honey bees to forage on 
                National Forest System lands where compatible with other 
                natural resource management priorities; and
                    ``(B) planting and maintaining managed honey bee and 
                native pollinator foraging on National Forest System 
                lands where compatible with other natural resource 
                management priorities.''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C))--
                          (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                      as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and moving 
                      the margins of such subparagraphs two ems to the 
                      right;
                          (ii) by striking ``annual report describing'' 
                      and inserting the following: ``annual report--
                    ``(A) describing'';
                          (iii) in clause (i) (as redesignated by clause 
                      (i) of this subparagraph)--

[[Page 128 STAT. 885]]

                                    (I) by inserting ``and honey bee 
                                health disorders'' after ``collapse''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                          (iv) in clause (ii) (as redesignated by clause 
                      (i) of this subparagraph)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``, including best 
                                management practices'' after 
                                ``strategies''; and
                                    (II) by striking the period at the 
                                end and inserting ``; and'';
                          (v) by adding at the end the following new 
                      clause:
                          ``(iii) addressing the decline of managed 
                      honey bees and native pollinators;''; and
                          (vi) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraphs:
                    ``(B) assessing Federal efforts to mitigate 
                pollinator losses and threats to the United States 
                commercial beekeeping industry; and
                    ``(C) providing recommendations to Congress 
                regarding how to better coordinate Federal agency 
                efforts to address the decline of managed honey bees and 
                native pollinators.''; and
            (9) in subsection (h) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), by 
        striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7210. REPEAL OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND EXTENSION 
                          INITIATIVE.

    Section 1672A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925a) is repealed.
SEC. 7211. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVE.

    Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``, education,'' after ``support research'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and 
                improvement'' after ``development'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to producers and 
                processors who use organic methods'' and inserting ``of 
                organic agricultural production and methods to 
                producers, processors, and rural communities''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and marketing 
                and to socioeconomic conditions'' and inserting ``, 
                marketing, food safety, socioeconomic conditions, and 
                farm business management''; and
            (2) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by section 
        7128(b)(2)(D)(ii))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking ``for fiscal 
                      years 2009 through 2012'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' 
                      at the end;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 886]]

                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking ``2009 through 
                      2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``2009 through 2012'' and 
                      inserting ``2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 7212. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOENERGY FEEDSTOCK AND ENERGY 
                          EFFICIENCY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION 
                          INITIATIVE.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1672C of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925e) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 251(f)(1)(D) of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(D)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking clause (xi); and
            (2) by redesignating clauses (xii) and (xiii) as clauses 
        (xi) and (xii), respectively.
SEC. 7213. FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT.

    Section 1672D(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925f(d)) is amended by striking ``such sums as 
are necessary to carry out this section.'' and inserting the following: 
``to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7214. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

    (a) In General.--The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 is amended by inserting after section 1672D (7 U.S.C. 5925f) the 
following new section:
``SEC. 1673. <<NOTE: 7 USC 5926.>>  CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

    ``(a) Funding Priorities.--The Secretary shall prioritize centers of 
excellence established for purposes of carrying out research, extension, 
and education activities relating to the food and agricultural sciences 
(as defined in section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)) for the 
receipt of funding for any competitive research or extension program 
administered by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Composition.--A center of excellence is composed of 1 or more 
of the eligible entities specified in subsection (b)(7) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(b)(7)) that provide financial or in-kind support to the center of 
excellence.
    ``(c) Criteria for Centers of Excellence.--
            ``(1) Required efforts.--The criteria for recognition as a 
        center of excellence shall include efforts--
                    ``(A) to ensure coordination and cost effectiveness 
                by reducing unnecessarily duplicative efforts regarding 
                research, teaching, and extension;
                    ``(B) to leverage available resources by using 
                public-private partnerships among agricultural industry 
                groups, institutions of higher education, and the 
                Federal Government;
                    ``(C) to implement teaching initiatives to increase 
                awareness and effectively disseminate solutions to 
                target audiences through extension activities; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 887]]

                    ``(D) to increase the economic returns to rural 
                communities by identifying, attracting, and directing 
                funds to high-priority agricultural issues.
            ``(2) Additional efforts.--Where practicable, the criteria 
        for recognition as a center of excellence shall include efforts 
        to improve teaching capacity and infrastructure at colleges and 
        universities (including land-grant colleges and universities, 
        cooperating forestry schools, NLGCA Institutions (as those terms 
        are defined in section 1404 of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3103)), and schools of veterinary medicine).''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 7 USC 5926 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 2014.
SEC. 7215. REPEAL OF RED MEAT SAFETY RESEARCH CENTER.

    Section 1676 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5929) is repealed.
SEC. 7216. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM FOR FARMERS WITH 
                          DISABILITIES.

    Section 1680(c)(1) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5933(c)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``is'' and inserting ``are''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``section--
                    ``(A) $6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 
                through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''.
SEC. 7217. NATIONAL RURAL INFORMATION CENTER CLEARINGHOUSE.

    Section 2381(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3125b(e)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.

 Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                 of 1998

SEC. 7301. RELEVANCE AND MERIT OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, 
                          EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION FUNDED BY THE 
                          DEPARTMENT.

    Section 103(a)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7613(a)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading by striking ``Merit review of extension'' 
        and inserting ``Relevance and merit review of research, 
        extension,'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``relevance and'' before ``merit''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``extension or education'' and 
                inserting ``research, extension, or education''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on a continuous 
        basis'' after ``procedures''.
SEC. 7302. INTEGRATED RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION 
                          COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM.

    Subsection (e) of section 406 of the Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626) (as

[[Page 128 STAT. 888]]

redesignated by section 7128(b)(3)(A)(ii)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7303. SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH REGARDING DISEASES OF WHEAT, 
                          TRITICALE, AND BARLEY CAUSED BY FUSARIUM 
                          GRAMINEARUM OR BY TILLETIA INDICA.

    Section 408(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7628(e)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7304. REPEAL OF BOVINE JOHNE'S DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM.

    Section 409 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7629) is repealed.
SEC. 7305. GRANTS FOR YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS.

    Section 410(d) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630(d)) is amended by striking 
``section such sums as are necessary'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7306. SPECIALTY CROP RESEARCH INITIATIVE.

    Section 412 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so 
                redesignated), the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) Citrus disease subcommittee.--The term `citrus disease 
        subcommittee' means the subcommittee established under section 
        1408A(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
        and Teaching Policy Act of 1977.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) Specialty crops committee.--The term `specialty crops 
        committee' means the committee established under section 1408A 
        of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a).'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and genomics'' 
                and inserting ``genomics, and other methods''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``handling and 
                processing,'' after ``production efficiency,'';
            (3) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``the Initiative'' and inserting ``this 
        section'';
            (4) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(d) Review of Proposals.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary shall award competitive grants on the basis of--

[[Page 128 STAT. 889]]

            ``(1) a scientific peer review conducted by a panel of 
        subject matter experts from Federal agencies, non-Federal 
        entities, and the specialty crop industry; and
            ``(2) a review and ranking for merit, relevance, and impact 
        conducted by a panel of specialty crop industry representatives 
        for the specific specialty crop.'';
            (5) by redesignating subsections (e) (as amended by section 
        7128(b)(3)(B)), (f), (g), and (h) as subsections (g), (h), (i), 
        and (k), respectively;
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsections:

    ``(e) Consultation.--Each fiscal year, before conducting the 
scientific peer review described in paragraph (1) of subsection (d) and 
the merit and relevancy review described in paragraph (2) of such 
subsection, the Secretary shall consult with the specialty crops 
committee regarding such reviews. The committee shall provide the 
Secretary--
            ``(1) in the first fiscal year in which that consultation 
        occurs, any recommendations for conducting such reviews in such 
        fiscal year; and
            ``(2) in any subsequent fiscal year in which such 
        consultation occurs--
                    ``(A) an assessment of the procedures and objectives 
                used by the Secretary for such reviews in the previous 
                fiscal year;
                    ``(B) any recommendations for such reviews for the 
                current fiscal year; and
                    ``(C) any comments on grants awarded under 
                subsection (d) during the previous fiscal year.

    ``(f) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on--
            ``(1) the results of the consultations with the specialty 
        crops committee (and subcommittees thereof) conducted under 
        subsection (e) of this section and subsection (g) of section 
        1408A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
        Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a);
            ``(2) the specialty crops committee's (and subcommittees 
        thereof) recommendations, if any, provided to the Secretary 
        during such consultations; and
            ``(3) the specialty crops committee's (and subcommittees 
        thereof) review of the grants awarded under subsection (d) and 
        (j), as applicable, in the previous fiscal year.'';
            (7) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(1) In general.--With respect to grants awarded under this 
        section, the Secretary shall seek and accept proposals for 
        grants.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by section 
                7128(b)(3)(B)), by striking ``this section'' and 
                inserting ``the Initiative'';
            (8) in subsection (h) (as so redesignated), in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``this section'' and 
        inserting ``the Initiative'';
            (9) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated)--

[[Page 128 STAT. 890]]

                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``(1) Mandatory funding for 
                      fiscal years 2008 through 2012.--Of the funds'' 
                      and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2008 through 2012.--Of the 
                funds''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Subsequent funding.--Of the funds of the 
                Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make 
                available to carry out this section $80,000,000 for 
                fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter.
                    ``(C) Reservation.--For each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018, the Secretary shall reserve not less than 
                $25,000,000 of the funds made available under 
                subparagraph (B) to carry out the program established 
                under subsection (j).
                    ``(D) Availability of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (C) shall remain available and reserved for 
                the purpose described in such subparagraph until 
                expended.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking ``2008 through 
                      2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018'' ; and
                          (ii) by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and 
                      inserting ``2014 through 2018''; and
            (10) by inserting after subsection (i) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(j) Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Extension Program.--
            ``(1) Establishment and purpose.--The Secretary shall 
        establish a competitive research and extension grant program to 
        combat diseases of citrus under which the Secretary awards 
        competitive grants to eligible entities--
                    ``(A) to conduct scientific research and extension 
                activities, technical assistance, and development 
                activities to combat citrus diseases and pests, both 
                domestic and invasive, which pose imminent harm to the 
                United States citrus production and threaten the future 
                viability of the citrus industry, including 
                huanglongbing and the Asian Citrus Psyllid; and
                    ``(B) to provide support for the dissemination and 
                commercialization of relevant information, techniques, 
                and technologies discovered pursuant to research and 
                extension activities funded through--
                          ``(i) the emergency citrus disease research 
                      and extension program; or
                          ``(ii) other research and extension projects 
                      intended to solve problems caused by citrus 
                      production diseases and invasive pests.
            ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall give priority to grants that address the 
        research and extension priorities established pursuant to 
        subsection (g)(4) of section 1408A of the National Agricultural 
        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        3123a).

[[Page 128 STAT. 891]]

            ``(3) Coordination.--When developing the proposed research 
        and extension agenda and budget under subsection (g)(2) of 
        section 1408A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
        and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123a) for the funds 
        made available under this subsection for a fiscal year, the 
        citrus disease subcommittee shall--
                    ``(A) seek input from Federal and State agencies and 
                other entities involved in citrus disease response; and
                    ``(B) take into account other public and private 
                citrus-related research and extension projects and the 
                funding for such projects.
            ``(4) Nonduplication.--The Secretary shall ensure that funds 
        made available to carry out the emergency citrus disease 
        research and extension activities under this subsection shall be 
        in addition to and not supplant funds made available to carry 
        out other citrus disease activities carried out by the 
        Department of Agriculture in consultation with State agencies.
            ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to the 
        amounts reserved under subsection (k)(1)(C), there are 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection, 
        $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Citrus.--The term `citrus' means edible fruit 
                of the family Rutaceae, including any hybrid of such 
                fruits and products of such hybrids that are produced 
                for commercial purposes in the United States. 
                    ``(B) Citrus producer.--The term `citrus producer' 
                means any person that is engaged in the domestic 
                production and commercial sale of citrus in the United 
                States. 
                    ``(C) Emergency citrus disease research and 
                extension program.--The term `emergency citrus disease 
                research and extension program' means the emergency 
                citrus research and extension grant program established 
                under this subsection.''.
SEC. 7307. [H7308] FOOD ANIMAL RESIDUE AVOIDANCE DATABASE PROGRAM.

    Section 604(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7642(e)) is amended by striking 
``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7308. REPEAL OF NATIONAL SWINE RESEARCH CENTER.

    Section 612 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education 
Reform Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-185; 112 Stat. 605) is repealed.
SEC. 7309. OFFICE OF PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY.

    Section 614(f) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7653(f)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1999 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 892]]

SEC. 7310. FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED UTILIZATION RESEARCH.

    Subtitle B of title VI of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7651 et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 616 (7 U.S.C. 7655) the following new section:
``SEC. 617. <<NOTE: 7 USC 7655b.>>  FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED 
                        UTILIZATION RESEARCH.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a forestry and 
forestry products research and extension initiative to develop and 
disseminate science-based tools that address the needs of the forestry 
sector and their respective regions, forest and timberland owners and 
managers, and forestry products engineering, manufacturing, and related 
interests.
    ``(b) Activities.--The initiative described in subsection (a) shall 
include the following activities:
            ``(1) Research conducted for purposes of--
                    ``(A) wood quality improvement with respect to 
                lumber strength and grade yield;
                    ``(B) the development of novel engineered lumber 
                products and renewable energy from wood; and
                    ``(C) enhancing the longevity, sustainability, and 
                profitability of timberland through sound management and 
                utilization.
            ``(2) Demonstration activities and technology transfer to 
        demonstrate the beneficial characteristics of wood as a green 
        building material, including investments in life cycle 
        assessment for wood products.
            ``(3) Projects designed to improve--
                    ``(A) forestry products, lumber, and evaluation 
                standards and valuation techniques;
                    ``(B) lumber quality and value-based, on-forest 
                management techniques; and
                    ``(C) forestry products conversion and manufacturing 
                efficiency, productivity, and profitability over the 
                long term (including forestry product marketing).

    ``(c) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make competitive 
        grants to carry out the activities described in subsection (b).
            ``(2) Priorities.--In making grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall give higher priority to activities that are 
        carried out by entities that--
                    ``(A) are multistate, multiinstitutional, or 
                multidisciplinary;
                    ``(B) have explicit mechanisms to communicate 
                results to producers, forestry industry stakeholders, 
                policymakers, and the public; and
                    ``(C) have--
                          ``(i) extensive history and demonstrated 
                      experience in forestry and forestry products 
                      research;
                          ``(ii) existing capacity in forestry products 
                      research and dissemination; and
                          ``(iii) a demonstrated means of evaluating and 
                      responding to the needs of the related commercial 
                      sector.
            ``(3) Administration.--In making grants under this section, 
        the Secretary shall follow the requirements of paragraphs

[[Page 128 STAT. 893]]

        (4), (7), (8), and (11)(B) of subsection (b) of the Competitive, 
        Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i).
            ``(4) Term.--The term of a grant made under this section may 
        not exceed 10 years.

    ``(d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall ensure that any activities 
carried out under this section are carried out in coordination with the 
Forest Service, including the Forest Products Laboratory, and other 
appropriate agencies of the Department.
    ``(e) Report.--The Secretary shall submit an annual report to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
describing, for the period covered by the report--
            ``(1) the research that has been conducted under paragraph 
        (2) of subsection (b);
            ``(2) the number of buildings the Forest Service has built 
        with wood as the primary structural material; and
            ``(3) the investments made by the Forest Service in green 
        building and wood promotion.

    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
        to carry out this section $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Matching funds.--To the extent practicable, the 
        Secretary shall match any funds made available under paragraph 
        (1) with funds made available under section 7 of the Forest and 
        Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 
        U.S.C.1646).''.
SEC. 7311. REPEAL OF STUDIES OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, 
                          AND EDUCATION.

    Subtitle C of title VI of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7671 et seq.) is repealed.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

SEC. 7401. CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS ACT.

    Section 16(a) of the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 
178n(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``such sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``Act'' and all that follows and inserting 
        the following: ``Act--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        1991 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7402. EQUITY IN EDUCATIONAL LAND-GRANT STATUS ACT OF 1994.

    (a) Definition of 1994 Institution.--
            (1) In general.--Section 532 of the Equity in Educational 
        Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 
        103-382) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 532. DEFINITION OF 1994 INSTITUTION.

    ``In this part, the term `1994 Institution' means any of the 
following colleges:
            ``(1) Aaniiih Nakoda College.

[[Page 128 STAT. 894]]

            ``(2) Bay Mills Community College.
            ``(3) Blackfeet Community College.
            ``(4) Cankdeska Cikana Community College.
            ``(5) Chief Dull Knife College.
            ``(6) College of Menominee Nation.
            ``(7) College of the Muscogee Nation.
            ``(8) D-Q University.
            ``(9) Dine College.
            ``(10) Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College.
            ``(11) Fort Berthold Community College.
            ``(12) Fort Peck Community College.
            ``(13) Haskell Indian Nations University.
            ``(14) Ilisagvik College.
            ``(15) Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native 
        Culture and Arts Development.
            ``(16) Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College.
            ``(17) Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College.
            ``(18) Leech Lake Tribal College.
            ``(19) Little Big Horn College.
            ``(20) Little Priest Tribal College.
            ``(21) Navajo Technical College.
            ``(22) Nebraska Indian Community College.
            ``(23) Northwest Indian College.
            ``(24) Oglala Lakota College.
            ``(25) Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College.
            ``(26) Salish Kootenai College.
            ``(27) Sinte Gleska University.
            ``(28) Sisseton Wahpeton College.
            ``(29) Sitting Bull College.
            ``(30) Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute.
            ``(31) Stone Child College.
            ``(32) Tohono O'odham Community College.
            ``(33) Turtle Mountain Community College.
            ``(34) United Tribes Technical College.
            ``(35) White Earth Tribal and Community College.''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 7 USC 301 note.>>  Effective date.--The 
        amendments made by paragraph (1) shall take effect on October 1, 
        2014.

    (b) Endowment for 1994 Institutions.--Section 533(b) of the Equity 
in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public 
Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (c) Institutional Capacity Building Grants.--Section 535 of the 
Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; 
Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking ``2012'' each place it 
appears in subsections (b)(1) and (c) and inserting ``2018''.
    (d) Research Grants.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 536(c) of the 
        Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
        301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence 
        by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
            (2) Research grant requirements.--Section 536(b) of the 
        Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
        301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking ``with at 
        least 1 other land-grant college or university'' and all that 
        follows and inserting the following: ``with--

[[Page 128 STAT. 895]]

            ``(1) the Agricultural Research Service of the Department of 
        Agriculture; or
            ``(2) at least 1--
                    ``(A) other land-grant college or university 
                (exclusive of another 1994 Institution);
                    ``(B) non-land-grant college of agriculture (as 
                defined in section 1404 of the National Agricultural 
                Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
                U.S.C. 3103)); or
                    ``(C) cooperating forestry school (as defined in 
                that section).''.
SEC. 7403. RESEARCH FACILITIES ACT.

    Section 6(a) of the Research Facilities Act (7 U.S.C. 390d(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7404. COMPETITIVE, SPECIAL, AND FACILITIES RESEARCH GRANT 
                          ACT.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (b)(11)(A) of the Competitive, Special, 
and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(11)(A)) is amended, 
in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
    (b) Priority Areas.--Subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, Special, 
and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (vii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (viii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                          ``(ix) the research and development of 
                      surveillance methods, vaccines, vaccination 
                      delivery systems, or diagnostic tests for pests 
                      and diseases, including--
                                    ``(I) epizootic diseases in domestic 
                                livestock (including deer, elk, bison, 
                                and other animals of the family 
                                Cervidae); and
                                    ``(II) zoonotic diseases (including 
                                bovine brucellosis and bovine 
                                tuberculosis) in domestic livestock or 
                                wildlife reservoirs that present a 
                                potential concern to public health; and
                          ``(x) the identification of animal drug needs 
                      and the generation and dissemination of data for 
                      safe and effective therapeutic applications of 
                      animal drugs for minor species and minor uses of 
                      such drugs in major species.'';
            (2) in subparagraph (D)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Renewable energy'' 
                and inserting ``Bioenergy'';
                    (B) by redesignating clauses (iv), (v), and (vi) as 
                clauses (v), (vi), and (vii), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (iii) the following 
                new clause:
                          ``(iv) the effectiveness of conservation 
                      practices and technologies designed to address 
                      nutrient losses and improve water quality;''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (F)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting 
                ``economics,'' after ``trade,'';

[[Page 128 STAT. 896]]

                    (B) by redesignating clauses (v) and (vi) as clauses 
                (vi) and (vii), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (iv) the following new 
                clause:
                          ``(v) the economic costs, benefits, and 
                      viability of producers adopting conservation 
                      practices and technologies designed to improve 
                      water quality;''.

    (c) General Administration.--Subsection (b)(4) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(4)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) establish procedures, including timelines, 
                under which an entity established under a commodity 
                promotion law (as such term is defined under section 
                501(a) of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform 
                Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401(a))) or a State commodity 
                board (or other equivalent State entity) may directly 
                submit to the Secretary for consideration proposals for 
                requests for applications that specifically address 
                particular issues related to the priority areas 
                specified in paragraph (2). ''.

    (d) Special Considerations.--Subsection (b)(6) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(6)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) to eligible entities to carry out the specific 
                proposals submitted under procedures established under 
                paragraph (4)(F) only if such specific proposals are 
                consistent with a priority area specified in paragraph 
                (2).''.

    (e) Eligible Entities.--Subsection (b)(7)(G) of the Competitive, 
Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)(7)(G)) is 
amended by striking ``or corporations'' and inserting ``, foundations, 
or corporations''.
    (f) Special Contribution Requirement for Certain Grants.--Subsection 
(b)(9) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 
U.S.C. 450i(b)(9)) (as amended by section 7128(b)(4)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Contribution requirement for commodity 
                promotion grants.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject to clauses (ii) and 
                      (iii), as a condition of funding a grant under 
                      paragraph (6)(E), the Secretary shall require that 
                      the grant be matched with an equal contribution of 
                      funds from the entities described in paragraph 
                      (4)(F) submitting proposals under procedures 
                      established under such paragraph.
                          ``(ii) Availability of funds.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Contributions 
                                required by clause (i) shall be 
                                available to the Secretary for 
                                obligation and remain available until 
                                expended for

[[Page 128 STAT. 897]]

                                the purpose of making grants under 
                                paragraph (6)(E).
                                    ``(II) Administration.--Of amounts 
                                contributed to the Secretary under 
                                clause (i), not more than 4 percent may 
                                be retained by the Secretary to pay 
                                administrative costs incurred by the 
                                Secretary in carrying out this 
                                subsection.
                                    ``(III) Restriction.--Funds 
                                contributed to the Secretary by an 
                                entity under clause (i) in connection 
                                with a proposal submitted by that entity 
                                under procedures established under 
                                paragraph (4)(F) may only be used to 
                                fund grants in connection with that 
                                proposal.
                                    ``(IV) Remaining funds.--Funds 
                                contributed to the Secretary by an 
                                entity under clause (i) that remain 
                                unobligated at the time of grant 
                                closeout shall be returned to that 
                                entity.
                                    ``(V) Indirect costs.--The indirect 
                                cost rate applicable to appropriated 
                                funds for a grant funded under paragraph 
                                (6)(E) shall apply to amounts 
                                contributed by an entity under clause 
                                (i).
                          ``(iii) Other matching funds requirements.--
                      The contribution requirement under clause (i) 
                      shall be in addition to any matching funds 
                      requirement for grant recipients required by 
                      section 1492 of the National Agricultural 
                      Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
                      1977.''.

    (g) Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4.--Subsection (e) of the 
Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
450i(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``minor use 
        pesticides'' and inserting ``pesticides for minor agricultural 
        use and for use on specialty crops (as defined in section 3 of 
        the Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 U.S.C. 1621 
        note)),''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and for use 
                on specialty crops'' after ``minor agricultural use'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (G); and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) prioritize potential pest management 
                technology for minor agricultural use and for use on 
                specialty crops;
                    ``(D) conduct research to develop the data necessary 
                to facilitate pesticide registrations, reregistrations, 
                and associated tolerances;
                    ``(E) assist in removing trade barriers caused by 
                residues of pesticides registered for minor agricultural 
                use and for use on domestically grown specialty crops;
                    ``(F) assist in the registration and reregistration 
                of pest management technologies for minor agricultural 
                use and for use on specialty crops; and''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 898]]

SEC. 7405. RENEWABLE RESOURCES EXTENSION ACT OF 1978.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 6 of the Renewable 
Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1675) is amended in the first 
sentence by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Termination Date.--Section 8 of the Renewable Resources 
Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 note; Public Law 95-306) is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 7406. NATIONAL AQUACULTURE ACT OF 1980.

    Section 10 of the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C. 2809) 
is amended by striking ``2012'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 7407. REPEAL OF USE OF REMOTE SENSING DATA.

    Section 892 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 
1996 (7 U.S.C. 5935) is repealed.
SEC. 7408. REPEAL OF REPORTS UNDER FARM SECURITY AND RURAL 
                          INVESTMENT ACT OF 2002.

    (a) Repeal of Report on Producers and Handlers for Organic 
Products.--Section 7409 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925b note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Report on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected 
Plants.--Section 7410 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (Public Law 107-171; 116 Stat. 462) is repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Study on Nutrient Banking.--Section 7411 of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925a note; Public 
Law 107-171) is repealed.
SEC. 7409. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 3319f) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                through (R) and inserting the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) basic livestock, forest management, and crop 
                farming practices;
                    ``(B) innovative farm, ranch, and private, 
                nonindustrial forest land transfer strategies;
                    ``(C) entrepreneurship and business training;
                    ``(D) financial and risk management training 
                (including the acquisition and management of 
                agricultural credit);
                    ``(E) natural resource management and planning;
                    ``(F) diversification and marketing strategies;
                    ``(G) curriculum development;
                    ``(H) mentoring, apprenticeships, and internships;
                    ``(I) resources and referral;
                    ``(J) farm financial benchmarking;
                    ``(K) assisting beginning farmers or ranchers in 
                acquiring land from retiring farmers and ranchers;
                    ``(L) agricultural rehabilitation and vocational 
                training for veterans;
                    ``(M) farm safety and awareness; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 899]]

                    ``(N) other similar subject areas of use to 
                beginning farmers or ranchers.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``and 
                nongovernmental organization'' and inserting ``or 
                nongovernmental organization'';
                    (C) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and community-
                based organizations'' and inserting ``, community-based 
                organizations, and school-based agricultural educational 
                organizations'';
                    (D) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(8) Set-asides.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not less than 5 percent of the 
                funds used to carry out this subsection for a fiscal 
                year shall be used to support programs and services that 
                address the needs of--
                          ``(i) limited resource beginning farmers or 
                      ranchers (as defined by the Secretary);
                          ``(ii) socially disadvantaged farmers or 
                      ranchers (as defined in section 355(e) of the 
                      Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
                      U.S.C. 2003(e)) who are beginning farmers or 
                      ranchers; and
                          ``(iii) farmworkers desiring to become farmers 
                      or ranchers.
                    ``(B) Veteran farmers and ranchers.--Not less than 5 
                percent of the funds used to carry out this subsection 
                for a fiscal year shall be used to support programs and 
                services that address the needs of veteran farmers and 
                ranchers (as defined in section 2501(e) of the Food, 
                Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
                U.S.C. 2279(e))). ''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(11) Limitation on indirect costs.--A recipient of a grant 
        under this subsection may not use more than 10 percent of the 
        funds provided by the grant for the indirect costs of carrying 
        out the initiatives described in paragraph (1).
            ``(12) Coordination permitted.--A recipient of a grant under 
        this subsection using the grant as described in paragraph (8)(B) 
        may coordinate with a recipient of a grant under section 1680 of 
        the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
        U.S.C. 5933) in addressing the needs of veteran farmers and 
        ranchers with disabilities.'';
            (2) in subsection (h)(1)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``2012'' 
                and inserting ``2018'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018, to remain available until expended.''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)(2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``2008 
                through 2012'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2008 through 2012'' and inserting 
                ``2014 through 2018''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 900]]

SEC. 7410. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING 
                          POLICY ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1985.

    Section 1431 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985 (Public Law 99-198; 99 Stat. 
1556) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                      PART I--AGRICULTURAL SECURITY

SEC. 7501. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY COMMUNICATION CENTER.

    Section 14112(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8912(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013; and
            ``(2) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.
SEC. 7502. ASSISTANCE TO BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN AGRICULTURAL 
                          BIOSECURITY PLANNING, PREPARATION, AND 
                          RESPONSE.

    Section 14113 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 8913) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``such sums as may be necessary''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``subsection'' and all that follows 
                and inserting the following: ``subsection--
                    ``(A) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal 
                years 2008 through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``is authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this subsection'' and all that follows 
        and inserting the following: ``are authorized to be appropriated 
        to carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 
                through 2013; and
                    ``(B) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''.
SEC. 7503. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL 
                          COUNTERMEASURES.

    Section 14121(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8921(b)) is amended by striking ``is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this section--
            ``(1) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 
        2013; and
            ``(2) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 901]]

SEC. 7504. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 14122(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 8922(e)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``sums as are necessary''; and
            (2) by striking ``section'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``section--
            ``(1) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 
        2008 through 2013, to remain available until expended; and
            ``(2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 
        to remain available until expended.''.

                    PART II--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 7511. <<NOTE: 7 USC 3125a note.>>  ENHANCED USE LEASE 
                          AUTHORITY PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 308 of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 3125a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(6)(A), by striking ``5 years'' and 
        inserting ``10 years''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``1, 3, and 5 years'' and 
        inserting ``6, 8, and 10 years''.
SEC. 7512. GRAZINGLANDS RESEARCH LABORATORY.

    Section 7502 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2019) is amended by striking ``5-year 
period'' and inserting ``10-year period''.
SEC. 7513. BUDGET SUBMISSION AND FUNDING.

    Section 7506 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7614c) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means--
                    ``(A) each research program carried out by the 
                Agricultural Research Service or the Economic Research 
                Service for which annual appropriations are requested in 
                the annual budget submission of the President; and
                    ``(B) each competitive program carried out by the 
                National Institute of Food and Agriculture for which 
                annual appropriations are requested in the annual budget 
                submission of the President.
            ``(2) Request for applications.--The term `request for 
        applications' means a funding announcement published by the 
        National Institute of Food and Agriculture that provides 
        detailed information on funding opportunities at the Institute, 
        including the purpose, eligibility, restriction, focus areas, 
        evaluation criteria, regulatory information, and instructions on 
        how to apply for such opportunities.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

    ``(e) Additional Presidential Budget Submission Requirement.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each year, the President shall submit to 
        Congress for each funding request for a covered program--

[[Page 128 STAT. 902]]

                    ``(A) in the case of the information described in 
                paragraph (2), such information together with the annual 
                budget submission of the President; and
                    ``(B) in the case of any additional information 
                described in paragraph (3), such additional information 
                within a reasonable period that begins after the date of 
                the annual budget submission of the President.
            ``(2) Information described.--The information described in 
        this paragraph includes--
                    ``(A) baseline information, including with respect 
                to each covered program--
                          ``(i) the funding level for the program for 
                      the fiscal year preceding the year for which the 
                      annual budget submission of the President is 
                      submitted;
                          ``(ii) the funding level requested in the 
                      annual budget submission of the President, 
                      including any increase or decrease in the funding 
                      level; and
                          ``(iii) an explanation justifying any change 
                      from the funding level specified in clause (i) to 
                      the level specified in clause (ii);
                    ``(B) with respect to each covered program that is 
                carried out by the Economic Research Service or the 
                Agricultural Research Service, the location and staff 
                years of the program;
                    ``(C) the proposed funding levels to be allocated 
                to, and the expected publication date, scope, and 
                allocation level for, each request for applications to 
                be published under or associated with--
                          ``(i) each priority area specified in 
                      subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, Special, and 
                      Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
                      450i(b)(2));
                          ``(ii) each research and extension project 
                      carried out under section 1621(a) of the Food, 
                      Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 
                      (7 U.S.C. 5811(a));
                          ``(iii) each grant awarded under section 
                      1672B(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
                      and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b(a));
                          ``(iv) each grant awarded under section 412(d) 
                      of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
                      Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632(d)); 
                      and
                          ``(v) each grant awarded under section 
                      7405(c)(1) of the Farm Security and Rural 
                      Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3319f(c)(1)); and
                    ``(D) any other information the Secretary determines 
                will increase congressional oversight with respect to 
                covered programs.
            ``(3) Additional information described.--The additional 
        information described in this paragraph is information that the 
        Secretary, after consulting with the Committee on Agriculture of 
        the House of Representatives, the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, and the Subcommittees on 
        Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, 
        and Related Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives and the Senate, determines is a 
        necessary revision or clarification to the information described 
        in paragraph (2).

[[Page 128 STAT. 903]]

            ``(4) Prohibition.--Unless the President submits the 
        information described in paragraph (2)(C) for a fiscal year, the 
        President may not carry out any program during that fiscal year 
        that is authorized under--
                    ``(A) subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, 
                and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i(b));
                    ``(B) section 1621 of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5811);
                    ``(C) section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b);
                    ``(D) section 412 of the Agricultural Research, 
                Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 
                7632); or
                    ``(E) section 7405 of the Farm Security and Rural 
                Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3319f).

    ``(f) Report of the Secretary of Agriculture.--Each year on a date 
that is not later than the date on which the President submits the 
annual budget, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
containing a description of the agricultural research, extension, and 
education activities carried out by the Federal Government during the 
fiscal year that immediately precedes the year for which the report is 
submitted, including--
            ``(1) a review of the extent to which those activities--
                    ``(A) are duplicative or overlap within the 
                Department of Agriculture; or
                    ``(B) are similar to activities carried out by--
                          ``(i) other Federal agencies;
                          ``(ii) the States (including the District of 
                      Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and 
                      other territories or possessions of the United 
                      States);
                          ``(iii) institutions of higher education (as 
                      defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
                      of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)); or
                          ``(iv) the private sector; and
            ``(2) for each report submitted under this section on or 
        after January 1, 2014, a 5-year projection of national 
        priorities with respect to agricultural research, extension, and 
        education, taking into account domestic needs.

    ``(g) Interchangeability of Funds.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed so as to limit the authority of the Secretary under section 
702(b) of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 
2257(b)), with respect to the reprogramming or transfer of funds.''.
SEC. 7514. REPEAL OF SEED DISTRIBUTION.

    Section 7523 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 415-1) is repealed.
SEC. 7515. NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    Section 7525(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 5937(e)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $7,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018.''.
SEC. 7516. SUN GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 7526 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114) is amended--

[[Page 128 STAT. 904]]

            (1) in subsection (a)(4)(B), by striking ``the Department of 
        Energy'' and inserting ``other appropriate Federal agencies (as 
        determined by the Secretary)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``at South 
                Dakota State University'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``at the 
                University of Tennessee at Knoxville'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``at Oklahoma 
                State University'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``at Oregon 
                State University'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``at Cornell 
                University''; and
                    (F) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``at the 
                University of Hawaii'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``multistate'' 
                and all that follows through ``technology 
                implementation'' and inserting ``integrated, multistate 
                research, extension, and education programs on 
                technology development and technology implementation'';
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (C); and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (C);
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``in accordance with paragraph 
                      (2)'';
                          (ii) by striking ``gasification'' and 
                      inserting ``bioproducts''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``the Department of Energy'' 
                      and inserting ``other appropriate Federal 
                      agencies'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 7526(f)(1) of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114(f)) is amended by 
striking ``subsection (c)(1)(D)(i)'' and inserting ``subsection 
(c)(1)(C)(i)''.
SEC. 7517. REPEAL OF STUDY AND REPORT ON FOOD DESERTS.

    Section 7527 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2039) is repealed.
SEC. 7518. REPEAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL TRANSPORTATION 
                          RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.

    Section 7529 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 5938) is repealed.

                  Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 7601. <<NOTE: 7 USC 5939.>>  FOUNDATION FOR FOOD AND 
                          AGRICULTURE RESEARCH.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the Board of Directors 
        described in subsection (e).

[[Page 128 STAT. 905]]

            (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of Agriculture.
            (3) Foundation.--The term ``Foundation'' means the 
        Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research established under 
        subsection (b).
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.

    (b) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a nonprofit 
        corporation to be known as the ``Foundation for Food and 
        Agriculture Research''.
            (2) Status.--The Foundation shall not be an agency or 
        instrumentality of the United States Government.

    (c) Purposes.--The purposes of the Foundation shall be--
            (1) to advance the research mission of the Department by 
        supporting agricultural research activities focused on 
        addressing key problems of national and international 
        significance including--
                    (A) plant health, production, and plant products;
                    (B) animal health, production, and products;
                    (C) food safety, nutrition, and health;
                    (D) renewable energy, natural resources, and the 
                environment;
                    (E) agricultural and food security;
                    (F) agriculture systems and technology; and
                    (G) agriculture economics and rural communities; and
            (2) to foster collaboration with agricultural researchers 
        from the Federal Government, State (as defined in section 1404 
        of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)) governments, institutions of 
        higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), industry, and nonprofit 
        organizations.

    (d) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Foundation shall--
                    (A) award grants to, or enter into contracts, 
                memoranda of understanding, or cooperative agreements 
                with, scientists and entities, which may include 
                agricultural research agencies in the Department, 
                university consortia, public-private partnerships, 
                institutions of higher education, nonprofit 
                organizations, and industry, to efficiently and 
                effectively advance the goals and priorities of the 
                Foundation;
                    (B) in consultation with the Secretary--
                          (i) identify existing and proposed Federal 
                      intramural and extramural research and development 
                      programs relating to the purposes of the 
                      Foundation described in subsection (c); and
                          (ii) coordinate Foundation activities with 
                      those programs so as to minimize duplication of 
                      existing efforts and to avoid conflicts;
                    (C) identify unmet and emerging agricultural 
                research needs after reviewing the roadmap for 
                agricultural research, education, and extension 
                authorized by section 7504 of the Food, Conservation, 
                and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7614a);

[[Page 128 STAT. 906]]

                    (D) facilitate technology transfer and release of 
                information and data gathered from the activities of the 
                Foundation to the agricultural research community;
                    (E) promote and encourage the development of the 
                next generation of agricultural research scientists; and
                    (F) carry out such other activities as the Board 
                determines to be consistent with the purposes of the 
                Foundation.
            (2) Relationship to other activities.--The activities 
        described in paragraph (1) shall be supplemental to any other 
        activities at the Department and shall not preempt any authority 
        or responsibility of the Department under another provision of 
        law.

    (e) Board of Directors.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Foundation shall be governed by a 
        Board of Directors.
            (2) Composition.--
                    (A) In general.--The Board shall be composed of 
                appointed and ex-officio, nonvoting members.
                    (B) Ex-officio members.--The ex-officio members of 
                the Board shall be the following individuals or 
                designees of such individuals:
                          (i) The Secretary.
                          (ii) The Under Secretary of Agriculture for 
                      Research, Education, and Economics.
                          (iii) The Administrator of the Agricultural 
                      Research Service.
                          (iv) The Director of the National Institute of 
                      Food and Agriculture.
                          (v) The Director of the National Science 
                      Foundation.
                    (C) Appointed members.--
                          (i) In general.--The ex-officio members of the 
                      Board (as specified in subparagraph (B)) shall, by 
                      majority vote, appoint to the Board 15 
                      individuals, of whom--
                                    (I) 8 shall be selected from a list 
                                of candidates to be provided by the 
                                National Academy of Sciences; and
                                    (II) 7 shall be selected from lists 
                                of candidates provided by industry.
                          (ii) Requirements.--
                                    (I) Expertise.--The ex-officio 
                                members shall ensure that a majority of 
                                the appointed members of the Board have 
                                actual experience in agricultural 
                                research and, to the extent practicable, 
                                represent diverse sectors of 
                                agriculture.
                                    (II) Limitation.--No employee of the 
                                Federal Government may serve as an 
                                appointed member of the Board under this 
                                subparagraph.
                                    (III) Not federal employment.--
                                Appointment to the Board under this 
                                subparagraph shall not constitute 
                                Federal employment.
                          (iii) Authority.--All appointed members of the 
                      Board shall be voting members.
                    (D) Chair.--The Board shall, from among the members 
                of the Board, designate an individual to serve as Chair 
                of the Board.

[[Page 128 STAT. 907]]

            (3) Initial meeting.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall convene a meeting 
        of the ex-officio members of the Board--
                    (A) to incorporate the Foundation; and
                    (B) to appoint the members of the Board in 
                accordance with paragraph (2)(C)(i).
            (4) Duties.--
                    (A) In general.--The Board shall--
                          (i) establish bylaws for the Foundation that, 
                      at a minimum, include--
                                    (I) policies for the selection of 
                                future Board members, officers, 
                                employees, agents, and contractors of 
                                the Foundation;
                                    (II) policies, including ethical 
                                standards, for--
                                            (aa) the acceptance, 
                                        solicitation, and disposition of 
                                        donations and grants to the 
                                        Foundation; and
                                            (bb) the disposition of 
                                        assets of the Foundation, 
                                        including appropriate limits on 
                                        the ability of donors to 
                                        designate, by stipulation or 
                                        restriction, the use or 
                                        recipient of donated funds;
                                    (III) policies that would subject 
                                all employees, fellows, trainees, and 
                                other agents of the Foundation 
                                (including members of the Board) to 
                                conflict of interest standards in the 
                                same manner as Federal employees are 
                                subject to the conflict of interest 
                                standards under section 208 of title 18, 
                                United States Code;
                                    (IV) policies for writing, editing, 
                                printing, publishing, and vending of 
                                books and other materials;
                                    (V) policies for the conduct of the 
                                general operations of the Foundation, 
                                including a cap on administrative 
                                expenses for recipients of a grant, 
                                contract, or cooperative agreement from 
                                the Foundation; and
                                    (VI) specific duties for the 
                                Executive Director;
                          (ii) prioritize and provide overall direction 
                      for the activities of the Foundation;
                          (iii) evaluate the performance of the 
                      Executive Director; and
                          (iv) carry out any other necessary activities 
                      regarding the Foundation.
                    (B) Establishment of bylaws.--In establishing bylaws 
                under subparagraph (A)(i), the Board shall ensure that 
                the bylaws do not--
                          (i) reflect unfavorably on the ability of the 
                      Foundation to carry out the duties of the 
                      Foundation in a fair and objective manner; or
                          (ii) compromise, or appear to compromise, the 
                      integrity of any governmental agency or program, 
                      or any officer or employee employed by, or 
                      involved in, a governmental agency or program.
            (5) Terms and vacancies.--
                    (A) Terms.--
                          (i) In general.--The term of each member of 
                      the Board appointed under paragraph (2)(C) shall 
                      be 5

[[Page 128 STAT. 908]]

                      years, except that of the members initially 
                      appointed, 8 of the members shall each be 
                      appointed for a term of 3 years and 7 of the 
                      members shall each be appointed for a term of 2 
                      years.
                          (ii) Partial terms.--If a member of the Board 
                      does not serve the full term applicable under 
                      clause (i), the individual appointed to fill the 
                      resulting vacancy shall be appointed for the 
                      remainder of the term of the predecessor of the 
                      individual.
                          (iii) Transition.--A member of the Board may 
                      continue to serve after the expiration of the term 
                      of the member until a successor is appointed.
                    (B) Vacancies.--After the initial appointment of the 
                members of the Board under paragraph (2)(C), any vacancy 
                in the membership of the Board shall be filled as 
                provided in the bylaws established under paragraph 
                (4)(A)(i).
            (6) Compensation.--Members of the Board may not receive 
        compensation for service on the Board but may be reimbursed for 
        travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred in 
        carrying out the duties of the Board.
            (7) Meetings and quorum.--A majority of the members of the 
        Board shall constitute a quorum for purposes of conducting the 
        business of the Board.

    (f) Administration.--
            (1) Executive director.--
                    (A) In general.--The Board shall hire an Executive 
                Director who shall carry out such duties and 
                responsibilities as the Board may prescribe.
                    (B) Service.--The Executive Director shall serve at 
                the pleasure of the Board.
            (2) Administrative powers.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out this section, the 
                Board, acting through the Executive Director, may--
                          (i) adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal, 
                      which shall be judicially noticed;
                          (ii) hire, promote, compensate, and discharge 
                      1 or more officers, employees, and agents, as may 
                      be necessary, and define the duties of the 
                      officers, employees, and agents;
                          (iii) solicit and accept any funds, gifts, 
                      grants, devises, or bequests of real or personal 
                      property made to the Foundation, including such 
                      support from private entities;
                          (iv) prescribe the manner in which--
                                    (I) real or personal property of the 
                                Foundation is acquired, held, and 
                                transferred;
                                    (II) general operations of the 
                                Foundation are to be conducted; and
                                    (III) the privileges granted to the 
                                Board by law are exercised and enjoyed;
                          (v) with the consent of the applicable 
                      executive department or independent agency, use 
                      the information, services, and facilities of the 
                      department or agency in carrying out this section 
                      on a reimbursable basis;
                          (vi) enter into contracts with public and 
                      private organizations for the writing, editing, 
                      printing, and publishing of books and other 
                      material;

[[Page 128 STAT. 909]]

                          (vii) hold, administer, invest, and spend any 
                      funds, gifts, grant, devise, or bequest of real or 
                      personal property made to the Foundation;
                          (viii) enter into such contracts, leases, 
                      cooperative agreements, and other transactions as 
                      the Board considers appropriate to conduct the 
                      activities of the Foundation;
                          (ix) modify or consent to the modification of 
                      any contract or agreement to which the Foundation 
                      is a party or in which the Foundation has an 
                      interest;
                          (x) take such action as may be necessary to 
                      obtain and maintain patents for and to license 
                      inventions (as defined in section 201 of title 35, 
                      United States Code) developed by the Foundation, 
                      employees of the Foundation, or derived from the 
                      collaborative efforts of the Foundation;
                          (xi) sue and be sued in the corporate name of 
                      the Foundation, and complain and defend in courts 
                      of competent jurisdiction;
                          (xii) appoint other groups of advisors as may 
                      be determined necessary to carry out the functions 
                      of the Foundation; and
                          (xiii) exercise such other incidental powers 
                      as are necessary to carry out the duties and 
                      functions of the Foundation in accordance with 
                      this section.
                    (B) Limitation.--No appointed member of the Board or 
                officer or employee of the Foundation or of any program 
                established by the Foundation (other than ex-officio 
                members of the Board) shall exercise administrative 
                control over any Federal employee.
            (3) Records.--
                    (A) Audits.--The Foundation shall--
                          (i) provide for annual audits of the financial 
                      condition of the Foundation; and
                          (ii) make the audits, and all other records, 
                      documents, and other papers of the Foundation, 
                      available to the Secretary and the Comptroller 
                      General of the United States for examination or 
                      audit.
                    (B) Reports.--
                          (i) Annual report on foundation.--
                                    (I) In general.--Not later than 5 
                                months following the end of each fiscal 
                                year, the Foundation shall publish a 
                                report for the preceding fiscal year 
                                that includes--
                                            (aa) a description of 
                                        Foundation activities, including 
                                        accomplishments; and
                                            (bb) a comprehensive 
                                        statement of the operations and 
                                        financial condition of the 
                                        Foundation.
                                    (II) Financial condition.--Each 
                                report under subclause (I) shall include 
                                a description of all gifts, grants, 
                                devises, or bequests to the Foundation 
                                of real or personal property or money, 
                                which shall include--
                                            (aa) the source of the 
                                        gifts, grants, devises, or 
                                        bequests; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 910]]

                                            (bb) any restrictions on the 
                                        purposes for which the gift, 
                                        grant, devise, or bequest may be 
                                        used.
                                    (III) Availability.--The Foundation 
                                shall--
                                            (aa) make copies of each 
                                        report submitted under subclause 
                                        (I) available for public 
                                        inspection; and
                                            (bb) on request, provide a 
                                        copy of the report to any 
                                        individual.
                                    (IV) Public meeting.--The Board 
                                shall hold an annual public meeting to 
                                summarize the activities of the 
                                Foundation.
                          (ii) Grant reporting.--Any recipient of a 
                      grant under subsection (d)(1)(A) shall provide the 
                      Foundation with a report at the conclusion of any 
                      research or studies conducted that describes the 
                      results of the research or studies, including any 
                      data generated.
            (4) Integrity.--
                    (A) In general.--To ensure integrity in the 
                operations of the Foundation, the Board shall develop 
                and enforce procedures relating to standards of conduct, 
                financial disclosure statements, conflicts of interest 
                (including recusal and waiver rules), audits, and any 
                other matters determined appropriate by the Board.
                    (B) Financial conflicts of interest.--Any individual 
                who is an officer, employee, or member of the Board is 
                prohibited from any participation in deliberations by 
                the Foundation of a matter that would directly or 
                predictably affect any financial interest of--
                          (i) the individual;
                          (ii) a relative (as defined in section 109 of 
                      the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. 
                      App.)) of that individual; or
                          (iii) a business organization or other entity 
                      in which the individual has an interest, including 
                      an organization or other entity with which the 
                      individual is negotiating employment.
            (5) Intellectual property.--The Board shall adopt written 
        standards to govern the ownership and licensing of any 
        intellectual property rights derived from the collaborative 
        efforts of the Foundation.
            (6) Liability.--The United States shall not be liable for 
        any debts, defaults, acts, or omissions of the Foundation nor 
        shall the full faith and credit of the United States extend to 
        any obligations of the Foundation.

    (g) Funds.--
            (1) Mandatory funding.--
                    (A) In general.--On the date of the enactment of 
                this Act, of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
                Corporation, the Secretary shall transfer to the 
                Foundation to carry out this section $200,000,000, to 
                remain available until expended under the conditions 
                described in subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Conditions on expenditure.--The Foundation may 
                use the funds made available under subparagraph (A) to 
                carry out the purposes of the Foundation only to

[[Page 128 STAT. 911]]

                the extent that the Foundation secures an equal amount 
                of non-Federal matching funds for each expenditure.
                    (C) Prohibition on construction.--None of the funds 
                made available under subparagraph (A) may be used for 
                construction.
            (2) Separation of funds.--The Executive Director shall 
        ensure that any funds received under paragraph (1) are held in 
        separate accounts from funds received from nongovernmental 
        entities as described in subsection (f)(2)(A)(iii).
SEC. 7602. CONCESSIONS AND AGREEMENTS WITH NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS 
                          FOR NATIONAL ARBORETUM.

    Section 6 of the Act of March 4, 1927 (20 U.S.C. 196), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) negotiate concessions and agreements for the National 
        Arboretum with nonprofit scientific or educational 
        organizations, the interests of which are complementary to the 
        mission of the National Arboretum, or nonprofit organizations 
        that support the purpose of the National Arboretum, except that 
        the net proceeds of the organizations from the concessions or 
        agreements, as applicable, shall be used exclusively for--
                    ``(A) the research and educational work for the 
                benefit of the National Arboretum; and
                    ``(B) the operation and maintenance of the 
                facilities of the National Arboretum, including 
                enhancements, upgrades, restoration, and 
                conservation;''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(d) Recognition of Donors.--A nonprofit organization that entered 
into a concession or agreement under subsection (a)(1) may recognize 
donors if that recognition is approved in advance by the Secretary of 
Agriculture. In considering whether to approve such recognition, the 
Secretary shall broadly exercise the discretion of the Secretary to the 
fullest extent allowed under Federal law.''.
SEC. 7603. <<NOTE: 7 USC 3125a-1.>>  AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD LAW 
                          RESEARCH, LEGAL TOOLS, AND INFORMATION.

    (a) Partnerships.--The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the 
National Agricultural Library, shall support the dissemination of 
objective, scholarly, and authoritative agricultural and food law 
research, legal tools, and information by entering into cooperative 
agreements with institutions of higher education (as defined in section 
101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) that on the 
date of enactment of this Act are carrying out objective programs for 
research, legal tools, and information in agricultural and food law.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 
and each fiscal year thereafter.
SEC. 7604. COTTON DISEASE RESEARCH REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the fungus Fusarium 
oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4 (referred to in this section as 
``FOV Race 4'') and the impact of such fungus on cotton, including--

[[Page 128 STAT. 912]]

            (1) an overview of the threat FOV Race 4 poses to the cotton 
        industry in the United States;
            (2) the status and progress of Federal research initiatives 
        to detect, contain, or eradicate FOV Race 4, including current 
        FOV Race 4-specific research projects; and
            (3) a comprehensive strategy to combat FOV Race 4 that 
        establishes--
                    (A) detection and identification goals;
                    (B) containment goals;
                    (C) eradication goals; and
                    (D) a plan to partner with the cotton industry in 
                the United States to maximize resources, information 
                sharing, and research responsiveness and effectiveness.
SEC. 7605. MISCELLANEOUS TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    Sections 7408 and 7409 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2013) <<NOTE: 7 USC 2241a, 3125a 
note.>> are both amended by striking ``Title III of the Department of 
Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994'' and inserting ``Title III of 
the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture 
Reorganization Act of 1994''.
SEC. 7606. <<NOTE: 7 USC 5940.>>  LEGITIMACY OF INDUSTRIAL HEMP 
                          RESEARCH.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding the Controlled Substances Act (21 
U.S.C. 801 et seq.), the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act 
(20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), chapter 81 of title 41, United States Code, or 
any other Federal law, an institution of higher education (as defined in 
section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) or a 
State department of agriculture may grow or cultivate industrial hemp 
if--
            (1) the industrial hemp is grown or cultivated for purposes 
        of research conducted under an agricultural pilot program or 
        other agricultural or academic research; and
            (2) the growing or cultivating of industrial hemp is allowed 
        under the laws of the State in which such institution of higher 
        education or State department of agriculture is located and such 
        research occurs.

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Agricultural pilot program.--The term ``agricultural 
        pilot program'' means a pilot program to study the growth, 
        cultivation, or marketing of industrial hemp--
                    (A) in States that permit the growth or cultivation 
                of industrial hemp under the laws of the State; and
                    (B) in a manner that--
                          (i) ensures that only institutions of higher 
                      education and State departments of agriculture are 
                      used to grow or cultivate industrial hemp;
                          (ii) requires that sites used for growing or 
                      cultivating industrial hemp in a State be 
                      certified by, and registered with, the State 
                      department of agriculture; and
                          (iii) authorizes State departments of 
                      agriculture to promulgate regulations to carry out 
                      the pilot program in the States in accordance with 
                      the purposes of this section.
            (2) Industrial hemp.--The term ``industrial hemp'' means the 
        plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether 
        growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol

[[Page 128 STAT. 913]]

        concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight 
        basis.
            (3) State department of agriculture.--The term ``State 
        department of agriculture'' means the agency, commission, or 
        department of a State government responsible for agriculture 
        within the State.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

             Subtitle A--Repeal of Certain Forestry Programs

SEC. 8001. FOREST LAND ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 4 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 8002 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171; 16 U.S.C. 2103 note) 
is amended by striking subsection (a).
SEC. 8002. WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 6 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2103b) is repealed.
SEC. 8003. EXPIRED COOPERATIVE NATIONAL FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETING 
                          PROGRAM.

    Section 18 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2112) is repealed.
SEC. 8004. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTION AGRICULTURAL LAND NATIONAL 
                          RESOURCES LEADERSHIP PROGRAM.

    Section 8402 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (16 
U.S.C. 1649a) is repealed.
SEC. 8005. TRIBAL WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 303 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
U.S.C. 6542) is repealed.
SEC. 8006. SEPARATE FOREST SERVICE DECISIONMAKING AND APPEALS 
                          PROCESS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 322 of the Department of the Interior and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1612 note; Public 
Law 102-381) is repealed.
    (b) Forest Service Pre-Decisional Objection Process.--Section 428 of 
division E of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012 (16 U.S.C. 6515 
note; Public Law 112-74) shall not apply to any project or activity 
implementing a land and resource management plan developed under section 
6 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 
(16 U.S.C. 1604) that is categorically excluded from documentation in an 
environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under the 
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

[[Page 128 STAT. 914]]

 Subtitle B--Reauthorization of Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 
                              1978 Programs

SEC. 8101. STATE-WIDE ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGIES FOR FOREST 
                          RESOURCES.

    Section 2A of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
U.S.C. 2101a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(5) as feasible, appropriate military installations where 
        the voluntary participation and management of private or State-
        owned or other public forestland is able to support, promote, 
        and contribute to the missions of such installations; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

       Subtitle C--Reauthorization of Other Forestry-Related Laws

SEC. 8201. RURAL REVITALIZATION TECHNOLOGIES.

    Section 2371(d)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6601(d)(2)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 8202. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY.

    Section 2405(d) of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990 
(7 U.S.C. 6704(d)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 8203. HEALTHY FORESTS RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Definition of Acreage Owned by Indian Tribes.--Section 502(e)(3) 
of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 6572(e)(3)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B)'' and inserting ``clauses (i) and (ii)'';
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (C) as 
        clauses (i) through (iii), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately; and
            (3) by striking ``In the case of'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Definition of acreage owned by indian 
                tribes.--In this paragraph, the term `acreage owned by 
                Indian tribes' includes--
                          ``(i) land that is held in trust by the United 
                      States for Indian tribes or individual Indians;
                          ``(ii) land, the title to which is held by 
                      Indian tribes or individual Indians subject to 
                      Federal restrictions against alienation or 
                      encumbrance;

[[Page 128 STAT. 915]]

                          ``(iii) land that is subject to rights of use, 
                      occupancy, and benefit of certain Indian tribes;
                          ``(iv) land that is held in fee title by an 
                      Indian tribe; or
                          ``(v) land that is owned by a native 
                      corporation formed under section 17 of the Act of 
                      June 18, 1934 (commonly known as the `Indian 
                      Reorganization Act') (25 U.S.C. 477) or section 8 
                      of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 
                      U.S.C. 1607); or
                          ``(vi) a combination of 1 or more types of 
                      land described in clauses (i) through (v).
                    ``(B) Enrollment of acreage.--In the case of''.

    (b) Change in Funding Source for Healthy Forests Reserve Program.--
Section 508 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
6578) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``In General'' and 
        inserting ``Fiscal Years 2009 Through 2013'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

    ``(b) Fiscal Years 2014 Through 2018.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out this section 
$12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
    ``(c) Additional Source of Funds.--In addition to funds appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in subsection (b) for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary may use such amount of the funds appropriated 
for that fiscal year to carry out the Soil Conservation and Domestic 
Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590a et seq.) as the Secretary determines 
necessary to cover the cost of technical assistance, management, and 
enforcement responsibilities for land enrolled in the healthy forests 
reserve program pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of section 504.''.
SEC. 8204. INSECT AND DISEASE INFESTATION.

    Title VI of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
6591 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 602. <<NOTE: 16 USC 6591a.>>  DESIGNATION OF TREATMENT 
                        AREAS.

    ``(a) Definition of Declining Forest Health.--In this section, the 
term `declining forest health' means a forest that is experiencing--
            ``(1) substantially increased tree mortality due to insect 
        or disease infestation; or
            ``(2) dieback due to infestation or defoliation by insects 
        or disease.

    ``(b) Designation of Treatment Areas.--
            ``(1) Initial areas.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary 
        shall, if requested by the Governor of the State, designate as 
        part of an insect and disease treatment program 1 or more 
        landscape-scale areas, such as subwatersheds (sixth-level 
        hydrologic units, according to the System of Hydrologic Unit 
        Codes of the United States Geological Survey), in at least 1 
        national forest in each State that is experiencing an insect or 
        disease epidemic.
            ``(2) Additional areas.--After the end of the 60-day period 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may designate 
        additional landscape-scale areas under this section as needed to 
        address insect or disease threats.

[[Page 128 STAT. 916]]

    ``(c) Requirements.--To be designated a landscape-scale area under 
subsection (b), the area shall be--
            ``(1) experiencing declining forest health, based on annual 
        forest health surveys conducted by the Secretary;
            ``(2) at risk of experiencing substantially increased tree 
        mortality over the next 15 years due to insect or disease 
        infestation, based on the most recent National Insect and 
        Disease Risk Map published by the Forest Service; or
            ``(3) in an area in which the risk of hazard trees poses an 
        imminent risk to public infrastructure, health, or safety.

    ``(d) Treatment of Areas.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may carry out priority 
        projects on Federal land in the areas designated under 
        subsection (b) to reduce the risk or extent of, or increase the 
        resilience to, insect or disease infestation in the areas.
            ``(2) Authority.--Any project under paragraph (1) for which 
        a public notice to initiate scoping is issued on or before 
        September 30, 2018, may be carried out in accordance with 
        subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 102, and sections 104, 
        105, and 106.
            ``(3) Effect.--Projects carried out under this subsection 
        shall be considered authorized hazardous fuel reduction projects 
        for purposes of the authorities described in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In accordance with the schedule 
                described in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall issue 
                2 reports on actions taken to carry out this subsection, 
                including--
                          ``(i) an evaluation of the progress towards 
                      project goals; and
                          ``(ii) recommendations for modifications to 
                      the projects and management treatments.
                    ``(B) Schedule.--The Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) not earlier than September 30, 2018, 
                      issue the initial report under subparagraph (A); 
                      and
                          ``(ii) not earlier than September 30, 2024, 
                      issue the second report under that subparagraph.

    ``(e) Tree Retention.--The Secretary shall carry out projects under 
subsection (d) in a manner that maximizes the retention of old-growth 
and large trees, as appropriate for the forest type, to the extent that 
the trees promote stands that are resilient to insects and disease.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $200,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2024.
``SEC. 603. <<NOTE: 16 USC 6591b.>>  ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW.

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (d), a project 
described in subsection (b) that is conducted in accordance with section 
602(d) may be--
            ``(1) considered an action categorically excluded from the 
        requirements of Public Law 91-190 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); and
            ``(2) exempt from the special administrative review process 
        under section 105.

    ``(b) Collaborative Restoration Project.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 917]]

            ``(1) In general.--A project referred to in subsection (a) 
        is a project to carry out forest restoration treatments that--
                    ``(A) maximizes the retention of old-growth and 
                large trees, as appropriate for the forest type, to the 
                extent that the trees promote stands that are resilient 
                to insects and disease;
                    ``(B) considers the best available scientific 
                information to maintain or restore the ecological 
                integrity, including maintaining or restoring structure, 
                function, composition, and connectivity; and
                    ``(C) is developed and implemented through a 
                collaborative process that--
                          ``(i) includes multiple interested persons 
                      representing diverse interests; and
                          ``(ii)(I) is transparent and nonexclusive; or
                          ``(II) meets the requirements for a resource 
                      advisory committee under subsections (c) through 
                      (f) of section 205 of the Secure Rural Schools and 
                      Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (16 
                      U.S.C. 7125).
            ``(2) Inclusion.--A project under this subsection may carry 
        out part of a proposal that complies with the eligibility 
        requirements of the Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration 
        Program under section 4003(b) of the Omnibus Public Land 
        Management Act of 2009 (16 U.S.C. 7303(b)).

    ``(c) Limitations.--
            ``(1) Project size.--A project under this section may not 
        exceed 3000 acres.
            ``(2) Location.--A project under this section shall be 
        limited to areas--
                    ``(A) in the wildland-urban interface; or
                    ``(B) Condition Classes 2 or 3 in Fire Regime Groups 
                I, II, or III, outside the wildland-urban interface.
            ``(3) Roads.--
                    ``(A) Permanent roads.--
                          ``(i) Prohibition on establishment.--A project 
                      under this section shall not include the 
                      establishment of permanent roads.
                          ``(ii) Existing roads.--The Secretary may 
                      carry out necessary maintenance and repairs on 
                      existing permanent roads for the purposes of this 
                      section.
                    ``(B) Temporary roads.--The Secretary shall 
                decommission any temporary road constructed under a 
                project under this section not later than 3 years after 
                the date on which the project is completed.

    ``(d) Exclusions.--This section does not apply to--
            ``(1) a component of the National Wilderness Preservation 
        System;
            ``(2) any Federal land on which, by Act of Congress or 
        Presidential proclamation, the removal of vegetation is 
        restricted or prohibited;
            ``(3) a congressionally designated wilderness study area; or
            ``(4) an area in which activities under subsection (a) would 
        be inconsistent with the applicable land and resource management 
        plan.

    ``(e) Forest Management Plans.--All projects and activities carried 
out under this section shall be consistent with the land

[[Page 128 STAT. 918]]

and resource management plan established under section 6 of the Forest 
and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1604) 
for the unit of the National Forest System containing the projects and 
activities.
    ``(f) Public Notice and Scoping.--The Secretary shall conduct public 
notice and scoping for any project or action proposed in accordance with 
this section.
    ``(g) Accountability.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall prepare an annual 
        report on the use of categorical exclusions under this section 
        that includes a description of all acres (or other appropriate 
        unit) treated through projects carried out under this section.
            ``(2) Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this section, and each year thereafter, the 
        Secretary shall submit the reports required under paragraph (1) 
        to--
                    ``(A) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate;
                    ``(B) the Committee on Environment and Public Works 
                of the Senate;
                    ``(C) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    ``(D) the Committee on Natural Resources of the 
                House of Representatives; and
                    ``(E) the Government Accountability Office.''.
SEC. 8205. STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CONTRACTING PROJECTS.

    (a) In General.--Title VI of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 
2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591) (as amended by section 8204) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
``SEC. 604. <<NOTE: 16 USC 6591c.>>  STEWARDSHIP END RESULT 
                        CONTRACTING PROJECTS.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Chief.--The term `Chief' means the Chief of the Forest 
        Service.
            ``(2) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
        the Bureau of Land Management.

    ``(b) Projects.--The Chief and the Director, via agreement or 
contract as appropriate, may enter into stewardship contracting projects 
with private persons or other public or private entities to perform 
services to achieve land management goals for the national forests and 
the public lands that meet local and rural community needs.
    ``(c) Land Management Goals.--The land management goals of a project 
under subsection (b) may include any of the following:
            ``(1) Road and trail maintenance or obliteration to restore 
        or maintain water quality.
            ``(2) Soil productivity, habitat for wildlife and fisheries, 
        or other resource values.
            ``(3) Setting of prescribed fires to improve the 
        composition, structure, condition, and health of stands or to 
        improve wildlife habitat.
            ``(4) Removing vegetation or other activities to promote 
        healthy forest stands, reduce fire hazards, or achieve other 
        land management objectives.
            ``(5) Watershed restoration and maintenance.
            ``(6) Restoration and maintenance of wildlife and fish.

[[Page 128 STAT. 919]]

            ``(7) Control of noxious and exotic weeds and reestablishing 
        native plant species.

    ``(d) Agreements or Contracts.--
            ``(1) Procurement procedure.--A source for performance of an 
        agreement or contract under subsection (b) shall be selected on 
        a best-value basis, including consideration of source under 
        other public and private agreements or contracts.
            ``(2) Contract for sale of property.--A contract entered 
        into under this section may, at the discretion of the Secretary 
        of Agriculture, be considered a contract for the sale of 
        property under such terms as the Secretary may prescribe without 
        regard to any other provision of law.
            ``(3) Term.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Chief and the Director may enter 
                into a contract under subsection (b) in accordance with 
                section 3903 of title 41, United States Code.
                    ``(B) Maximum.--The period of the contract under 
                subsection (b) may exceed 5 years but may not exceed 10 
                years.
            ``(4) Offsets.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Chief and the Director may 
                apply the value of timber or other forest products 
                removed as an offset against the cost of services 
                received under the agreement or contract described in 
                subsection (b).
                    ``(B) Methods of appraisal.--The value of timber or 
                other forest products used as an offset under 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) shall be determined using appropriate 
                      methods of appraisal commensurate with the 
                      quantity of products to be removed; and
                          ``(ii) may--
                                    ``(I) be determined using a unit of 
                                measure appropriate to the contracts; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) may include valuing products 
                                on a per-acre basis.
            ``(5) Relation to other laws.--Notwithstanding subsections 
        (d) and (g) of section 14 of the National Forest Management Act 
        of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 472a), the Chief may enter into an agreement 
        or contract under subsection (b).
            ``(6) Contracting officer.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the Secretary or the Secretary of the Interior 
        may determine the appropriate contracting officer to enter into 
        and administer an agreement or contract under subsection (b).
            ``(7) Fire liability provisions.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the date of enactment of this section, the Chief and the 
        Director shall issue for use in all contracts and agreements 
        under this section fire liability provisions that are in 
        substantially the same form as the fire liability provisions 
        contained in--
                    ``(A) integrated resource timber contracts, as 
                described in the Forest Service contract numbered 2400-
                13, part H, section H.4; and
                    ``(B) timber sale contracts conducted pursuant to 
                section 14 of the National Forest Management Act of 1976 
                (16 U.S.C. 472a).

[[Page 128 STAT. 920]]

    ``(e) Receipts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director may collect 
        monies from an agreement or contract under subsection (b) if the 
        collection is a secondary objective of negotiating the contract 
        that will best achieve the purposes of this section.
            ``(2) Use.--Monies from an agreement or contract under 
        subsection (b)--
                    ``(A) may be retained by the Chief and the Director; 
                and
                    ``(B) shall be available for expenditure without 
                further appropriation at the project site from which the 
                monies are collected or at another project site.
            ``(3) Relation to other laws.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, the value of services received by the 
                Chief or the Director under a stewardship contract 
                project conducted under this section, and any payments 
                made or resources provided by the contractor, Chief, or 
                Director shall not be considered monies received from 
                the National Forest System or the public lands.
                    ``(B) Knutson-vanderberg act.--The Act of June 9, 
                1930 (commonly known as the `Knutson-Vanderberg Act') 
                (16 U.S.C. 576 et seq.) shall not apply to any agreement 
                or contract under subsection (b).

    ``(f) Costs of Removal.--Notwithstanding the fact that a contractor 
did not harvest the timber, the Chief may collect deposits from a 
contractor covering the costs of removal of timber or other forest 
products under--
            ``(1) the Act of August 11, 1916 (16 U.S.C. 490); and
            ``(2) the Act of June 30, 1914 (16 U.S.C. 498).

    ``(g) Performance and Payment Guarantees.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director may require 
        performance and payment bonds under sections 28.103-2 and 
        28.103-3 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, in an amount 
        that the contracting officer considers sufficient to protect the 
        investment in receipts by the Federal Government generated by 
        the contractor from the estimated value of the forest products 
        to be removed under a contract under subsection (b).
            ``(2) Excess offset value.--If the offset value of the 
        forest products exceeds the value of the resource improvement 
        treatments, the Chief and the Director may--
                    ``(A) collect any residual receipts under the Act of 
                June 9, 1930 (commonly known as the `Knutson-Vanderberg 
                Act') (16 U.S.C. 576 et seq.); and
                    ``(B) apply the excess to other authorized 
                stewardship projects.

    ``(h) Monitoring and Evaluation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Chief and the Director shall 
        establish a multiparty monitoring and evaluation process that 
        accesses the stewardship contracting projects conducted under 
        this section.
            ``(2) Participants.--Other than the Chief and Director, 
        participants in the process described in paragraph (1) may 
        include--
                    ``(A) any cooperating governmental agencies, 
                including tribal governments; and
                    ``(B) any other interested groups or individuals.

[[Page 128 STAT. 921]]

    ``(i) Reporting.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this section, and annually thereafter, the Chief and the Director 
shall report to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
the Senate and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives on--
            ``(1) the status of development, execution, and 
        administration of agreements or contracts under subsection (b);
            ``(2) the specific accomplishments that have resulted; and
            ``(3) the role of local communities in the development of 
        agreements or contract plans.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 347 of the Department of the 
Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (16 U.S.C. 2104 
note; Public Law 105-277) is repealed.
SEC. 8206. <<NOTE: 16 USC 2113a.>>  GOOD NEIGHBOR AUTHORITY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Authorized restoration services.--The term ``authorized 
        restoration services'' means similar and complementary forest, 
        rangeland, and watershed restoration services carried out--
                    (A) on Federal land and non-Federal land; and
                    (B) by either the Secretary or a Governor pursuant 
                to a good neighbor agreement.
            (2) Federal land.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``Federal land'' means 
                land that is--
                          (i) National Forest System land; or
                          (ii) public land (as defined in section 103 of 
                      the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 
                      (43 U.S.C. 1702)).
                    (B) Exclusions.--The term ``Federal land'' does not 
                include--
                          (i) a component of the National Wilderness 
                      Preservation System;
                          (ii) Federal land on which the removal of 
                      vegetation is prohibited or restricted by Act of 
                      Congress or Presidential proclamation (including 
                      the applicable implementation plan); or
                          (iii) a wilderness study area.
            (3) Forest, rangeland, and watershed restoration services.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``forest, rangeland, and 
                watershed restoration services'' means--
                          (i) activities to treat insect- and disease-
                      infected trees;
                          (ii) activities to reduce hazardous fuels; and
                          (iii) any other activities to restore or 
                      improve forest, rangeland, and watershed health, 
                      including fish and wildlife habitat.
                    (B) Exclusions.--The term ``forest, rangeland, and 
                watershed restoration services'' does not include--
                          (i) construction, reconstruction, repair, or 
                      restoration of paved or permanent roads or parking 
                      areas; or
                          (ii) construction, alteration, repair or 
                      replacement of public buildings or works.

[[Page 128 STAT. 922]]

            (4) Good neighbor agreement.--The term ``good neighbor 
        agreement'' means a cooperative agreement or contract (including 
        a sole source contract) entered into between the Secretary and a 
        Governor to carry out authorized restoration services under this 
        section.
            (5) Governor.--The term ``Governor'' means the Governor or 
        any other appropriate executive official of an affected State or 
        the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            (6) Road.--The term ``road'' has the meaning given the term 
        in section 212.1 of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
        effect on the date of enactment of this Act).
            (7) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means--
                    (A) the Secretary of Agriculture, with respect to 
                National Forest System land; and
                    (B) the Secretary of the Interior, with respect to 
                Bureau of Land Management land.

    (b) Good Neighbor Agreements.--
            (1) Good neighbor agreements.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may enter into a good 
                neighbor agreement with a Governor to carry out 
                authorized restoration services in accordance with this 
                section.
                    (B) Public availability.--The Secretary shall make 
                each good neighbor agreement available to the public.
            (2) Timber sales.--
                    (A) In general.--Subsections (d) and (g) of section 
                14 of the National Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 
                U.S.C. 472a(d) and (g)) shall not apply to services 
                performed under a cooperative agreement or contract 
                entered into under subsection (a).
                    (B) Approval of silviculture prescriptions and 
                marking guides.--The Secretary shall provide or approve 
                all silviculture prescriptions and marking guides to be 
                applied on Federal land in all timber sale projects 
                conducted under this section.
            (3) Retention of nepa responsibilities.--Any decision 
        required to be made under the National Environmental Policy Act 
        of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) with respect to any authorized 
        restoration services to be provided under this section on 
        Federal land shall not be delegated to a Governor.

                  Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 8301. <<NOTE: 16 USC 1642 note.>>  REVISION OF STRATEGIC PLAN 
                          FOR FOREST INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS.

    (a) Revision Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the strategic plan for 
forest inventory and analysis initially prepared pursuant to section 
3(e) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 
1978 (16 U.S.C. 1642(e)) to address the requirements imposed by 
subsection (b).
    (b) Elements of Revised Strategic Plan.--In revising the strategic 
plan, the Secretary shall describe in detail the organization, 
procedures, and funding needed to achieve each of the following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 923]]

            (1) Complete the transition to a fully annualized forest 
        inventory program and include inventory and analysis of interior 
        Alaska.
            (2) Implement an annualized inventory of trees in urban 
        settings, including the status and trends of trees and forests, 
        and assessments of their ecosystem services, values, health, and 
        risk to pests and diseases.
            (3) Report information on renewable biomass supplies and 
        carbon stocks at the local, State, regional, and national level, 
        including by ownership type.
            (4) Engage State foresters and other users of information 
        from the forest inventory and analysis in reevaluating the list 
        of core data variables collected on forest inventory and 
        analysis plots with an emphasis on demonstrated need.
            (5) Improve the timeliness of the timber product output 
        program and accessibility of the annualized information on that 
        database.
            (6) Foster greater cooperation among the forest inventory 
        and analysis program, research station leaders, and State 
        foresters and other users of information from the forest 
        inventory and analysis.
            (7) Promote availability of and access to non-Federal 
        resources to improve information analysis and information 
        management.
            (8) Collaborate with the Natural Resources Conservation 
        Service, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National 
        Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and United States 
        Geological Survey to integrate remote sensing, spatial analysis 
        techniques, and other new technologies in the forest inventory 
        and analysis program.
            (9) Understand and report on changes in land cover and use.
            (10) Expand existing programs to promote sustainable forest 
        stewardship through increased understanding, in partnership with 
        other Federal agencies, of the over 10,000,000 family forest 
        owners, their demographics, and the barriers to forest 
        stewardship.
            (11) Implement procedures to improve the statistical 
        precision of estimates at the sub-State level.

    (c) Submission of Revised Strategic Plan.--The Secretary shall 
submit the revised strategic plan to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
and Forestry of the Senate.
SEC. 8302. <<NOTE: 16 USC 3851a.>>  FOREST SERVICE PARTICIPATION 
                          IN ACES PROGRAM.

    The Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, may 
use funds derived from conservation-related programs executed on 
National Forest System land to utilize the Agriculture Conservation 
Experienced Services Program established pursuant to section 1252 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3851) to provide technical services 
for conservation-related programs and authorities carried out by the 
Secretary on National Forest System land.

[[Page 128 STAT. 924]]

SEC. 8303. EXTENSION OF STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS AUTHORITY REGARDING 
                          USE OF DESIGNATION BY PRESCRIPTION TO 
                          ALL THINNING SALES UNDER NATIONAL FOREST 
                          MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1976.

    Section 14 of the National Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 
472a) is amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Designation and Supervision of Harvesting.--
            ``(1) In general.--Designation, including marking when 
        necessary, designation by description, or designation by 
        prescription, and supervision of harvesting of trees, portions 
        of trees, or forest products shall be conducted by persons 
        employed by the Secretary of Agriculture.
            ``(2) Requirement.--Persons employed by the Secretary of 
        Agriculture under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) shall have no personal interest in the 
                purchase or harvest of the products; and
                    ``(B) shall not be directly or indirectly in the 
                employment of the purchaser of the products.
            ``(3) Methods for designation.--Designation by prescription 
        and designation by description shall be considered valid methods 
        for designation, and may be supervised by use of post-harvest 
        cruise, sample weight scaling, or other methods determined by 
        the Secretary of Agriculture to be appropriate.''.
SEC. 8304. <<NOTE: 42 USC 1856e.>>  REIMBURSEMENT OF FIRE FUNDS.

    (a) Definition of State.--In this section, the term ``State'' 
means--
            (1) a State; and
            (2) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

    (b) In General.--If a State seeks reimbursement for amounts expended 
for resources and services provided to another State for the management 
and suppression of a wildfire, the Secretary, subject to subsections (c) 
and (d)--
            (1) may accept the reimbursement amounts from the other 
        State; and
            (2) shall pay those amounts to the State seeking 
        reimbursement.

    (c) Mutual Assistance Agreement.--As a condition of seeking and 
providing reimbursement under subsection (b), the State seeking 
reimbursement and the State providing reimbursement must each have a 
mutual assistance agreement with the Forest Service or another Federal 
agency for providing and receiving wildfire management and suppression 
resources and services.
    (d) Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may prescribe the terms and 
conditions determined to be necessary to carry out subsection (b).
    (e) Effect on Prior Reimbursements.--Any acceptance of funds or 
reimbursements made by the Secretary before the date of enactment of 
this Act that otherwise would have been authorized under this section 
shall be considered to have been made in accordance with this section.
    (f) Amendment.--Section 5(b) of the Act of May 27, 1955 (42 U.S.C. 
1856d(b)) is amended in the first sentence by inserting ``or Department 
of Agriculture'' after ``Department of Defense''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 925]]

SEC. 8305. <<NOTE: 16 USC 551c note.>>  FOREST SERVICE LARGE 
                          AIRTANKER AND AERIAL ASSET FIREFIGHTING 
                          RECAPITALIZATION PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, may establish 
a large airtanker and aerial asset lease program in accordance with this 
section.
    (b) Aircraft Requirements.--In carrying out the program described in 
subsection (a), the Secretary may enter into a multiyear lease contract 
for up to 5 aircraft that meet the criteria--
            (1) described in the Forest Service document entitled 
        ``Large Airtanker Modernization Strategy'' and dated February 
        10, 2012, for large airtankers; and
            (2) determined by the Secretary, for other aerial assets.

    (c) Lease Terms.--The term of any individual lease agreement into 
which the Secretary enters under this section shall be--
            (1) up to 5 years, inclusive of any options to renew or 
        extend the initial lease term; and
            (2) in accordance with section 3903 of title 41, United 
        States Code.

    (d) Prohibition.--No lease entered into under this section shall 
provide for the purchase of the aircraft by, or the transfer of 
ownership to, the Forest Service.
SEC. 8306. LAND CONVEYANCE, JEFFERSON NATIONAL FOREST IN WISE 
                          COUNTY, VIRGINIA.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Association.--The term ``Association'' means the Mullins 
        and Sturgill Cemetery Association of Pound, Virginia.
            (2) Map.--The term ``map'' means the map titled ``Mullins 
        and Sturgill Cemetery'' dated March 1, 2013.

    (b) Conveyance Required.--Upon payment by the Association of the 
consideration under subsection (c) and the costs under subsection (e), 
the Secretary shall, subject to valid existing rights, convey to the 
Association all right, title, and interest of the United States in and 
to a parcel of National Forest System land in the Jefferson National 
Forest in Wise County, Virginia, consisting of approximately 0.70 acres 
and containing the Mullins and Sturgill Cemetery and an easement to 
provide access to the parcel, as generally depicted on the map.
    (c) Consideration.--
            (1) Fair market value.--As consideration for the land 
        conveyed under subsection (b), the Association shall pay to the 
        Secretary cash in an amount equal to the market value of the 
        land, as determined by an appraisal approved by the Secretary 
        and conducted in conformity with the Uniform Appraisal Standards 
        for Federal Land Acquisitions and section 206 of the Federal 
        Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1716).
            (2) Deposit.--The consideration received by the Secretary 
        under paragraph (1) shall be deposited into the general fund of 
        the Treasury of the United States for the purposes of deficit 
        reduction.

    (d) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the land to be conveyed under subsection (b) shall be 
determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary.

[[Page 128 STAT. 926]]

    (e) Costs.--The Association shall pay to the Secretary at closing 
the reasonable costs of the survey, the appraisal, and any 
administrative and environmental analyses required by law.
    (f) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require such 
additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance under 
subsection (b) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect the 
interests of the United States.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

SEC. 9001. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 9001 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8101) is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), 
        and (14) as paragraphs (10), (11), (12), (13), (15), and (17);
            (2) inserting after paragraph (8), the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(9) Forest product.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `forest product' means a 
                product made from materials derived from the practice of 
                forestry or the management of growing timber.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `forest product' 
                includes--
                          ``(i) pulp, paper, paperboard, pellets, 
                      lumber, and other wood products; and
                          ``(ii) any recycled products derived from 
                      forest materials.'';
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (13) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (1) of this section) the following:
            ``(14) Renewable chemical.--The term `renewable chemical' 
        means a monomer, polymer, plastic, formulated product, or 
        chemical substance produced from renewable biomass.''; and
            (4) inserting after paragraph (15) (as so redesignated), the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(16) Renewable energy system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                term `renewable energy system' means a system that--
                          ``(i) produces usable energy from a renewable 
                      energy source; and
                          ``(ii) may include distribution components 
                      necessary to move energy produced by such system 
                      to the initial point of sale.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--A system described in 
                subparagraph (A) may not include a mechanism for 
                dispensing energy at retail.''.
SEC. 9002. BIOBASED MARKETS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 9002 of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8102) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(A)(i)--
                          (i) in subclause (I), by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end;
                          (ii) in subclause (II)(bb), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 128 STAT. 927]]

                                    ``(III) establish a targeted 
                                biobased-only procurement requirement 
                                under which the procuring agency shall 
                                issue a certain number of biobased-only 
                                contracts when the procuring agency is 
                                purchasing products, or purchasing 
                                services that include the use of 
                                products, that are included in a 
                                biobased product category designated by 
                                the Secretary.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (v), by inserting ``as 
                                determined to be necessary by the 
                                Secretary based on the availability of 
                                data,'' before ``provide information'';
                                    (II) by redesignating clauses (v) 
                                and (vi) as clauses (vii) and (viii), 
                                respectively; and
                                    (III) by inserting after clause (iv) 
                                the following:
                          ``(v) require reporting of quantities and 
                      types of biobased products purchased by procuring 
                      agencies;
                          ``(vi) promote biobased products, including 
                      forest products, that apply an innovative approach 
                      to growing, harvesting, sourcing, procuring, 
                      processing, manufacturing, or application of 
                      biobased products regardless of the date of entry 
                      into the marketplace;''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Required designations.--Not later than 1 year 
                after the date of enactment of this subparagraph, the 
                Secretary shall begin to designate intermediate 
                ingredients or feedstocks and assembled and finished 
                biobased products in the guidelines issued under this 
                paragraph.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                      inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Auditing and compliance.--The Secretary may 
                carry out such auditing and compliance activities as the 
                Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure 
                compliance with subparagraph (A).''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Assembled and finished products.--Not later than 1 
        year after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the 
        Secretary shall begin issuing criteria for determining which 
        assembled and finished products may qualify to receive the label 
        under paragraph (1).'';
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                      by striking ``The report'' and inserting ``Each 
                      report under paragraph (1)'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' 
                      at the end;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:

[[Page 128 STAT. 928]]

                    ``(C) the progress made by other Federal agencies in 
                compliance with the biobased procurement requirements, 
                including the quantity of purchases made.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Economic impact study and report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a 
                study to assess the economic impact of the biobased 
                products industry, including--
                          ``(i) the quantity of biobased products sold;
                          ``(ii) the value of the biobased products;
                          ``(iii) the quantity of jobs created;
                          ``(iv) the quantity of petroleum displaced;
                          ``(v) other environmental benefits; and
                          ``(vi) areas in which the use or manufacturing 
                      of biobased products could be more effectively 
                      used, including identifying any technical and 
                      economic obstacles and recommending how those 
                      obstacles can be overcome.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                of enactment of this subparagraph, the Secretary shall 
                submit to Congress a report describing the results of 
                the study conducted under subparagraph (A).'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(g) Forest Products Laboratory Coordination.--In determining 
whether products are eligible for the `USDA Certified Biobased Product' 
label, the Secretary (acting through the Forest Products Laboratory) 
shall provide appropriate technical and other assistance to the program 
and applicants for forest products.''; and
            (6) in subsection (i) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), by 
        striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
        section $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Discretionary funding.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(j) Biobased Product Inclusion.--In this section, the term 
`biobased product' (as defined in section 9001) includes, with respect 
to forestry materials, forest products that meet biobased content 
requirements, notwithstanding the market share the product holds, the 
age of the product, or whether the market for the product is new or 
emerging.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 944(c)(2)(A) of the Energy Policy 
Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16253(c)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``section 
9002(h)(1)'' and inserting ``section 9002(b)''.
SEC. 9003. BIOREFINERY ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Program Adjustments.--Section 9003 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8103) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``, renewable 
        chemical, and biobased product manufacturing'' after 
        ``biorefinery'';

[[Page 128 STAT. 929]]

            (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by inserting ``renewable chemicals, and biobased product 
        manufacturing'' after ``advanced biofuels,'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) Biobased product manufacturing.--The term `biobased 
        product manufacturing' means development, construction, and 
        retrofitting of technologically new commercial-scale processing 
        and manufacturing equipment and required facilities that will be 
        used to convert renewable chemicals and other biobased outputs 
        of biorefineries into end-user products on a commercial 
        scale.'';
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``to eligible entities'' 
        and all that follows through ``guarantees for loans'' and 
        inserting ``to eligible entities guarantees for loans'';
            (5) by striking subsection (d);
            (6) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
            (7) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) Project diversity.--In approving loan 
                guarantee applications, the Secretary shall ensure that, 
                to the extent practicable, there is diversity in the 
                types of projects approved for loan guarantees to ensure 
                that as wide a range as possible of technologies, 
                products, and approaches are assisted.''.
                    (B) by striking ``subsection (c)(2)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``subsection 
                (h)'' and inserting ``subsection (g)''.

    (b) Funding.--Subsection (g) of section 9003 of the Farm Security 
and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8103) (as redesignated by 
paragraph (6)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), of 
                the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the 
                Secretary shall use for the cost of loan guarantees 
                under this section, to remain available until expended--
                          ``(i) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2014; and
                          ``(ii) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2015 and 2016.
                    ``(B) Biobased product manufacturing.--Of the total 
                amount of funds made available for fiscal years 2014 and 
                2015 under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may use for 
                the cost of loan guarantees under this section not more 
                than 15 percent of such funds to promote biobased 
                product manufacturing.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$150,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$75,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 930]]

SEC. 9004. REPOWERING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 9004(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8104(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$35,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2009'' and inserting ``$12,000,000 for fiscal year 2014''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9005. BIOENERGY PROGRAM FOR ADVANCED BIOFUELS.

    Section 9005(g) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8105(g)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$25,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9006. BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Section 9006(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8106(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal years 2009 
                through 2012'' and inserting ``Mandatory funding'' ; and
                    (B) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Authorization of 
                appropriations'' and inserting ``Discretionary funding'' 
                ; and
                    (B) by striking ``fiscal year 2013'' and inserting 
                ``each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9007. RURAL ENERGY FOR AMERICA PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Adjustments.--Section 9007 of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8107) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) a council (as defined in section 1528 of the 
                Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (16 U.S.C. 3451)); 
                and''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Tiered application process.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 931]]

                    ``(A) In general.--In providing loan guarantees and 
                grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall use a 
                3-tiered application process that reflects the size of 
                proposed projects in accordance with this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Tier 1.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                separate application process for projects for which the 
                cost of the activity funded under this subsection is not 
                more than $80,000.
                    ``(C) Tier 2.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                separate application process for projects for which the 
                cost of the activity funded under this subsection is 
                greater than $80,000 but less than $200,000.
                    ``(D) Tier 3.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                separate application process for projects for which the 
                cost of the activity funded under this subsection is 
                equal to or greater than $200,000.
                    ``(E) Application process.--The Secretary shall 
                establish an application, evaluation, and oversight 
                process that is the most simplified for tier I projects 
                and more comprehensive for each subsequent tier.''.

    (b) Funding.--Section 9007(g) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8107(g)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$25,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9008. BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 9008(h) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8108(h)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2017.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$35,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2009 through 2013'' and inserting ``$20,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 9009. FEEDSTOCK FLEXIBILITY PROGRAM FOR BIOENERGY PRODUCERS.

    Section 9010(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 8110(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 932]]

            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.
SEC. 9010. BIOMASS CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 9011 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8111) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 9011. BIOMASS CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) BCAP.--The term `BCAP' means the Biomass Crop 
        Assistance Program established under this section.
            ``(2) BCAP project area.--The term `BCAP project area' means 
        an area that--
                    ``(A) has specified boundaries that are submitted to 
                the Secretary by the project sponsor and subsequently 
                approved by the Secretary;
                    ``(B) includes producers with contract acreage that 
                will supply a portion of the renewable biomass needed by 
                a biomass conversion facility; and
                    ``(C) is physically located within an economically 
                practicable distance from the biomass conversion 
                facility.
            ``(3) Contract acreage.--The term `contract acreage' means 
        eligible land that is covered by a BCAP contract entered into 
        with the Secretary.
            ``(4) Eligible crop.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible crop' means a 
                crop of renewable biomass.
                    ``(B) Exclusions.--The term `eligible crop' does not 
                include--
                          ``(i) any crop that is eligible to receive 
                      payments under title I of the Agricultural Act of 
                      2014 or an amendment made by that title; or
                          ``(ii) any plant that is invasive or noxious 
                      or species or varieties of plants that credible 
                      risk assessment tools or other credible sources 
                      determine are potentially invasive, as determined 
                      by the Secretary in consultation with other 
                      appropriate Federal or State departments and 
                      agencies.
            ``(5) Eligible land.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' 
                includes--
                          ``(i) agricultural and nonindustrial private 
                      forest lands (as defined in section 5(c) of the 
                      Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 
                      U.S.C. 2103a(c)); and
                          ``(ii) land enrolled in the conservation 
                      reserve program established under subchapter B of 
                      chapter I of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
                      Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.), or 
                      the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program 
                      established under subtitle H of title XII of that 
                      Act, under a contract that will expire at the end 
                      of the current fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Exclusions.--The term `eligible land' does not 
                include--
                          ``(i) Federal- or State-owned land;
                          ``(ii) land that is native sod, as of the date 
                      of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
                      Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.);

[[Page 128 STAT. 933]]

                          ``(iii) land enrolled in the conservation 
                      reserve program established under subchapter B of 
                      chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
                      Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.), 
                      other than land described in subparagraph (A)(ii); 
                      or
                          ``(iv) land enrolled in the Agricultural 
                      Conservation Easement Program established under 
                      subtitle H of title XII of that Act, other than 
                      land described in subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(6) Eligible material.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible material' 
                means renewable biomass harvested directly from the 
                land, including crop residue from any crop that is 
                eligible to receive payments under title I of the 
                Agricultural Act of 2014 or an amendment made by that 
                title.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `eligible material' 
                shall only include--
                          ``(i) eligible material that is collected or 
                      harvested by the eligible material owner--
                                    ``(I) directly from--
                                            ``(aa) National Forest 
                                        System;
                                            ``(bb) Bureau of Land 
                                        Management land;
                                            ``(cc) non-Federal land; or
                                            ``(dd) land owned by an 
                                        individual Indian or Indian 
                                        tribe that is held in trust by 
                                        the United States for the 
                                        benefit of the individual Indian 
                                        or Indian tribe or subject to a 
                                        restriction against alienation 
                                        imposed by the United States;
                                    ``(II) in a manner that is 
                                consistent with--
                                            ``(aa) a conservation plan;
                                            ``(bb) a forest stewardship 
                                        plan; or
                                            ``(cc) a plan that the 
                                        Secretary determines is 
                                        equivalent to a plan described 
                                        in item (aa) or (bb) and 
                                        consistent with Executive Order 
                                        13112 (42 U.S.C. 4321 note; 
                                        relating to invasive species);
                          ``(ii) if woody eligible material, woody 
                      eligible material that is produced on land other 
                      than contract acreage that--
                                    ``(I) is a byproduct of a 
                                preventative treatment that is removed 
                                to reduce hazardous fuel or to reduce or 
                                contain disease or insect infestation; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) if harvested from Federal 
                                land, is harvested in accordance with 
                                section 102(e) of the Healthy Forests 
                                Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 
                                6512(e)); and
                          ``(iii) eligible material that is delivered to 
                      a qualified biomass conversion facility to be used 
                      for heat, power, biobased products, research, or 
                      advanced biofuels.
                    ``(C) Exclusions.--The term `eligible material' does 
                not include--
                          ``(i) material that is whole grain from any 
                      crop that is eligible to receive payments under 
                      title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 or an 
                      amendment made by that title, including--

[[Page 128 STAT. 934]]

                                    ``(I) barley, corn, grain sorghum, 
                                oats, rice, or wheat;
                                    ``(II) honey;
                                    ``(III) mohair;
                                    ``(IV) oilseeds, including canola, 
                                crambe, flaxseed, mustard seed, 
                                rapeseed, safflower seed, soybeans, 
                                sesame seed, and sunflower seed;
                                    ``(V) peanuts;
                                    ``(VI) pulse;
                                    ``(VII) chickpeas, lentils, and dry 
                                peas;
                                    ``(VIII) dairy products;
                                    ``(IX) sugar; and
                                    ``(X) wool and cotton boll fiber;
                          ``(ii) animal waste and byproducts, including 
                      fat, oil, grease, and manure;
                          ``(iii) food waste and yard waste;
                          ``(iv) algae;
                          ``(v) woody eligible material that--
                                    ``(I) is removed outside contract 
                                acreage; and
                                    ``(II) is not a byproduct of a 
                                preventative treatment to reduce 
                                hazardous fuel or to reduce or contain 
                                disease or insect infestation;
                          ``(vi) any woody eligible material collected 
                      or harvested outside contract acreage that would 
                      otherwise be used for existing market products; or
                          ``(vii) bagasse.
            ``(7) Producer.--The term `producer' means an owner or 
        operator of contract acreage that is physically located within a 
        BCAP project area.
            ``(8) Project sponsor.--The term `project sponsor' means--
                    ``(A) a group of producers; or
                    ``(B) a biomass conversion facility.
            ``(9) Socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher.--The term 
        `socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e)).

    ``(b) Establishment and Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish and 
administer a Biomass Crop Assistance Program to--
            ``(1) support the establishment and production of eligible 
        crops for conversion to bioenergy in selected BCAP project 
        areas; and
            ``(2) assist agricultural and forest land owners and 
        operators with the collection, harvest, storage, and 
        transportation of eligible material for use in a biomass 
        conversion facility.

    ``(c) BCAP Project Area.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide financial 
        assistance to a producer of an eligible crop in a BCAP project 
        area.
            ``(2) Selection of project areas.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To be considered for selection as 
                a BCAP project area, a project sponsor shall submit to 
                the Secretary a proposal that, at a minimum, includes--
                          ``(i) a description of the eligible land and 
                      eligible crops of each producer that will 
                      participate in the proposed BCAP project area;
                          ``(ii) a letter of commitment from a biomass 
                      conversion facility that the facility will use the 
                      eligible crops

[[Page 128 STAT. 935]]

                      intended to be produced in the proposed BCAP 
                      project area;
                          ``(iii) evidence that the biomass conversion 
                      facility has sufficient equity available, as 
                      determined by the Secretary, if the biomass 
                      conversion facility is not operational at the time 
                      the proposal is submitted to the Secretary; and
                          ``(iv) any other information about the biomass 
                      conversion facility or proposed biomass conversion 
                      facility that the Secretary determines necessary 
                      for the Secretary to be reasonably assured that 
                      the plant will be in operation by the date on 
                      which the eligible crops are ready for harvest.
                    ``(B) BCAP project area selection criteria.--In 
                selecting BCAP project areas, the Secretary shall 
                consider--
                          ``(i) the volume of the eligible crops 
                      proposed to be produced in the proposed BCAP 
                      project area and the probability that those crops 
                      will be used for the purposes of the BCAP;
                          ``(ii) the volume of renewable biomass 
                      projected to be available from sources other than 
                      the eligible crops grown on contract acres;
                          ``(iii) the anticipated economic impact in the 
                      proposed BCAP project area;
                          ``(iv) the opportunity for producers and local 
                      investors to participate in the ownership of the 
                      biomass conversion facility in the proposed BCAP 
                      project area;
                          ``(v) the participation rate by--
                                    ``(I) beginning farmers or ranchers 
                                (as defined in accordance with section 
                                343(a) of the Consolidated Farm and 
                                Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
                                1991(a))); or
                                    ``(II) socially disadvantaged 
                                farmers or ranchers;
                          ``(vi) the impact on soil, water, and related 
                      resources;
                          ``(vii) the variety in biomass production 
                      approaches within a project area, including (as 
                      appropriate)--
                                    ``(I) agronomic conditions;
                                    ``(II) harvest and postharvest 
                                practices; and
                                    ``(III) monoculture and polyculture 
                                crop mixes;
                          ``(viii) the range of eligible crops among 
                      project areas;
                          ``(ix) existing project areas that have 
                      received funding under this section and the 
                      continuation of funding of such project areas to 
                      advance the maturity of such project areas; and
                          ``(x) any additional information that the 
                      Secretary determines to be necessary.
            ``(3) Contract.--
                    ``(A) In general.--On approval of a BCAP project 
                area by the Secretary, each producer in the BCAP project 
                area shall enter into a contract directly with the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(B) Minimum terms.--At a minimum, a contract under 
                this subsection shall include terms that cover--

[[Page 128 STAT. 936]]

                          ``(i) an agreement to make available to the 
                      Secretary, or to an institution of higher 
                      education or other entity designated by the 
                      Secretary, such information as the Secretary 
                      considers to be appropriate to promote the 
                      production of eligible crops and the development 
                      of biomass conversion technology;
                          ``(ii) compliance with the highly erodible 
                      land conservation requirements of subtitle B of 
                      title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
                      U.S.C. 3811 et seq.) and the wetland conservation 
                      requirements of subtitle C of title XII of that 
                      Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.);
                          ``(iii) the implementation of (as determined 
                      by the Secretary)--
                                    ``(I) a conservation plan;
                                    ``(II) a forest stewardship plan; or
                                    ``(III) a plan that is equivalent to 
                                a conservation or forest stewardship 
                                plan; and
                          ``(iv) any additional requirements that 
                      Secretary determines to be necessary.
                    ``(C) Duration.--A contract under this subsection 
                shall have a term of not more than--
                          ``(i) 5 years for annual and perennial crops; 
                      or
                          ``(ii) 15 years for woody biomass.
            ``(4) Relationship to other programs.--In carrying out this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall provide for the preservation of 
        cropland base and yield history applicable to the land enrolled 
        in a BCAP contract.
            ``(5) Payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall make 
                establishment and annual payments directly to producers 
                to support the establishment and production of eligible 
                crops on contract acreage.
                    ``(B) Amount of establishment payments.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the 
                      amount of an establishment payment under this 
                      subsection shall be not more than 50 percent of 
                      the costs of establishing an eligible perennial 
                      crop covered by the contract but not to exceed 
                      $500 per acre, including--
                                    ``(I) the cost of seeds and stock 
                                for perennials;
                                    ``(II) the cost of planting the 
                                perennial crop, as determined by the 
                                Secretary; and
                                    ``(III) in the case of nonindustrial 
                                private forestland, the costs of site 
                                preparation and tree planting.
                          ``(ii) Socially disadvantaged farmers or 
                      ranchers.--In the case of socially disadvantaged 
                      farmers or ranchers, the costs of establishment 
                      may not exceed $750 per acre.
                    ``(C) Amount of annual payments.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the 
                      amount of an annual payment under this subsection 
                      shall be determined by the Secretary.
                          ``(ii) Reduction.--The Secretary shall reduce 
                      an annual payment by an amount determined to be 
                      appropriate by the Secretary, if--

[[Page 128 STAT. 937]]

                                    ``(I) an eligible crop is used for 
                                purposes other than the production of 
                                energy at the biomass conversion 
                                facility;
                                    ``(II) an eligible crop is delivered 
                                to the biomass conversion facility;
                                    ``(III) the producer receives a 
                                payment under subsection (d);
                                    ``(IV) the producer violates a term 
                                of the contract; or
                                    ``(V) the Secretary determines a 
                                reduction is necessary to carry out this 
                                section.
                    ``(D) Exclusion.--The Secretary shall not make any 
                BCAP payments on land for which payments are received 
                under the conservation reserve program established under 
                subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of 
                the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) 
                or the agricultural conservation easement program 
                established under subtitle H of title XII of that Act.

    ``(d) Assistance With Collection, Harvest, Storage, and 
Transportation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make a payment for 
        the delivery of eligible material to a biomass conversion 
        facility to--
                    ``(A) a producer of an eligible crop that is 
                produced on BCAP contract acreage; or
                    ``(B) a person with the right to collect or harvest 
                eligible material, regardless of whether the eligible 
                material is produced on contract acreage.
            ``(2) Payments.--
                    ``(A) Costs covered.--A payment under this 
                subsection shall be in an amount described in 
                subparagraph (B) for--
                          ``(i) collection;
                          ``(ii) harvest;
                          ``(iii) storage; and
                          ``(iv) transportation to a biomass conversion 
                      facility.
                    ``(B) Amount.--Subject to paragraph (3), the 
                Secretary may provide matching payments at a rate of up 
                to $1 for each $1 per ton provided by the biomass 
                conversion facility, in an amount not to exceed $20 per 
                dry ton for a period of 2 years.
            ``(3) Limitation on assistance for bcap contract acreage.--
        As a condition of the receipt of an annual payment under 
        subsection (c), a producer receiving a payment under this 
        subsection for collection, harvest, storage, or transportation 
        of an eligible crop produced on BCAP acreage shall agree to a 
        reduction in the annual payment.

    ``(e) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of 
the Agricultural Act of 2014, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
on the dissemination by the Secretary of the best practice data and 
information gathered from participants receiving assistance under this 
section.
    ``(f) Funding.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 938]]

            ``(1) In general.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
        $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(2) Collection, harvest, storage, and transportation 
        payments.--Of the amount made available under paragraph (1) for 
        each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use not less than 10 
        percent, nor more than 50 percent, of the amount to make 
        collection, harvest, transportation, and storage payments under 
        subsection (d)(2).
            ``(3) Technical assistance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Effective for fiscal year 2014 
                and each subsequent fiscal year, funds made available 
                under this subsection shall be available for the 
                provision of technical assistance with respect to 
                activities authorized under this section.
                    ``(B) Relationship to other laws.--To the extent 
                funds obligated or expended under subparagraph (A) 
                include funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, such 
                funds shall not be considered an allotment or fund 
                transfer from the Commodity Credit Corporation for 
                purposes of the limit on expenditures for technical 
                assistance imposed by section 11 of the Commodity Credit 
                Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714i).''.
SEC. 9011. REPEAL OF FOREST BIOMASS FOR ENERGY.

    Section 9012 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8112) is repealed.
SEC. 9012. COMMUNITY WOOD ENERGY PROGRAM.

    (a) Definition of Biomass Consumer Cooperative.--Section 9013(a) of 
the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
            ``(1) Biomass consumer cooperative.--The term `biomass 
        consumer cooperative' means a consumer membership organization 
        the purpose of which is to provide members with services or 
        discounts relating to the purchase of biomass heating products 
        or biomass heating systems.''.

    (b) Grant Program.--Section 9013(b)(1) of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) grants of up to $50,000 to biomass consumer 
                cooperatives for the purpose of establishing or 
                expanding biomass consumer cooperatives that will 
                provide consumers with services or discounts relating 
                to--
                          ``(i) the purchase of biomass heating systems;
                          ``(ii) biomass heating products, including 
                      wood chips, wood pellets, and advanced biofuels; 
                      or
                          ``(iii) the delivery and storage of biomass of 
                      heating products.''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 939]]

    (c) Matching Funds.--Section 9013(d) of the Farm Security and Rural 
Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``A State or local government that receives 
        a grant under subsection (b)'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) State and local governments.--A State or local 
        government that receives a grant under subparagraph (A) or (B) 
        of subsection (b)(1)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Biomass consumer cooperatives.--A biomass consumer 
        cooperative that receives a grant under subsection (b)(1)(C) 
        shall contribute an amount of non-Federal funds (which may 
        include State, local, and nonprofit funds and membership dues) 
        toward the establishment or expansion of a biomass consumer 
        cooperative that is at least equal to 50 percent of the amount 
        of Federal funds received for that purpose.''.

    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 9013(e) of the Farm 
Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8113(e)) is amended 
by striking ``2013'' and inserting ``2018''.
SEC. 9013. REPEAL OF BIOFUELS INFRASTRUCTURE STUDY.

    Section 9002 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2095) is repealed.
SEC. 9014. REPEAL OF RENEWABLE FERTILIZER STUDY.

    Section 9003 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2096) is repealed.
SEC. 9015. ENERGY EFFICIENCY REPORT FOR USDA FACILITIES.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on energy 
use and energy efficiency projects at the Washington, District of 
Columbia, headquarters and the major regional facilities of the 
Department of Agriculture.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) An analysis of energy use by the Department of 
        Agriculture headquarters and major regional facilities.
            (2) A list of energy audits that have been conducted at such 
        facilities.
            (3) A list of energy efficiency projects that have been 
        conducted at such facilities.
            (4) A list of energy savings projects that could be achieved 
        with enacting a consistent, timely, and proper mechanical 
        insulation maintenance program and upgrading mechanical 
        insulation at such facilities.

                          TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

SEC. 10001. SPECIALTY CROPS MARKET NEWS ALLOCATION.

    Section 10107(b) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 1622b(b)) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
``2018''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 940]]

SEC. 10002. <<NOTE: 7 USC 1622c note.>>  REPEAL OF GRANT PROGRAM 
                            TO IMPROVE MOVEMENT OF SPECIALTY 
                            CROPS.

    Effective October 1, 2013, section 10403 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 1622c) is repealed.
SEC. 10003. FARMERS' MARKET AND LOCAL FOOD PROMOTION PROGRAM.

    Section 6 of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976 (7 
U.S.C. 3005) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and local food'' 
        after ``farmers' market'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and Local Food'' after ``Farmers' 
                Market'';
                    (B) by striking ``farmers' markets and to promote''; 
                and
                    (C) by striking the period and inserting ``and 
                assist in the development of local food business 
                enterprises.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Program Purposes.--The purposes of the Program are to increase 
domestic consumption of and access to locally and regionally produced 
agricultural products, and to develop new market opportunities for farm 
and ranch operations serving local markets, by developing, improving, 
expanding, and providing outreach, training, and technical assistance 
to, or assisting in the development, improvement and expansion of--
            ``(1) domestic farmers' markets, roadside stands, community-
        supported agriculture programs, agritourism activities, and 
        other direct producer-to-consumer market opportunities; and
            ``(2) local and regional food business enterprises 
        (including those that are not direct producer-to-consumer 
        markets) that process, distribute, aggregate, or store locally 
        or regionally produced food products.'';
            (4) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or other agricultural business 
                entity'' after ``cooperative''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, including a community supported 
                agriculture network or association'' after 
                ``association'';
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (g);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

    ``(e) Priorities.--In providing grants under the Program, priority 
shall be given to applications that include projects that benefit 
underserved communities, including communities that--
            ``(1) are located in areas of concentrated poverty with 
        limited access to fresh locally or regionally grown foods; and
            ``(2) have not received benefits from the Program in the 
        recent past.

    ``(f) Funds Requirements for Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) Matching funds.--An entity receiving a grant under 
        this section for a project to carry out a purpose described in 
        subsection (b)(2) shall provide matching funds in the form of 
        cash or an in-kind contribution in an amount equal to 25 percent 
        of the total cost of the project.
            ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--An eligible entity may 
        not use a grant or other assistance provided under this section 
        for the purchase, construction, or rehabilitation of a building 
        or structure.''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 941]]

            (7) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by paragraph (5))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                      ``Fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting 
                      ``Mandatory funding'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' 
                      at the end;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.'';
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (3) and (5);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6); 
                and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            ``(4) Use of funds.--Of the funds made available to carry 
        out this section for a fiscal year--
                    ``(A) 50 percent of the funds shall be used for the 
                purposes described in subsection (b)(1); and
                    ``(B) 50 percent of the funds shall be used for the 
                purposes described in subsection (b)(2).
            ``(5) Limitation on administrative expenses.--Not more than 
        4 percent of the total amount made available to carry out this 
        section for a fiscal year may be used for administrative 
        expenses.''.
SEC. 10004. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE.

    (a) Organic Production and Market Data Initiatives.--Section 7407 of 
the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5925c) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``and annually thereafter'' after ``this 
                subsection'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) describes how data collection agencies (such as the 
        Agricultural Marketing Service and the National Agricultural 
        Statistics Service) are coordinating with data user agencies 
        (such as the Risk Management Agency) to ensure that data 
        collected under this section can be used by data user agencies, 
        including by the Risk Management Agency to offer price elections 
        for all organic crops; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Mandatory funding.--In addition to any funds made 
        available under paragraph (1), of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
        section $5,000,000, to remain available until expended.''; and

[[Page 128 STAT. 942]]

                    (D) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B))--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                      ``for fiscal years 2008 through 2012'';
                          (ii) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and 
                      inserting ``paragraphs (1) and (2)''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
                      ``2018''.

    (b) Modernization and Technology Upgrade for National Organic 
Program.--Section 2123 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
U.S.C. 6522) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
            ``(6) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018; and''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(c) Modernization and Technology Upgrade for National Organic 
Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall modernize database 
        and technology systems of the national organic program.
            ``(2) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation and in addition to any other funds made available 
        for that purpose, the Secretary shall make available to carry 
        out this subsection $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2014, to remain 
        available until expended.''.

    (c) National Organic Certification Cost-share Program.--Section 
10606(d) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
6523(d)) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(1) Mandatory funding for fiscal years 2014 through 
        2018.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the 
        Secretary shall make available to carry out this section 
        $11,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, to 
        remain available until expended.''.

    (d) Exemption of Certified Organic Products From Promotion Order 
Assessments.--Section 501 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401) is amended by striking subsection (e) 
and inserting the following;
    ``(e) Exemption of Certified Organic Products From Promotion Order 
Assessments.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any provision of a 
        commodity promotion law, a person that produces, handles, 
        markets, or imports organic products may be exempt from the 
        payment of an assessment under a commodity promotion law with 
        respect to any agricultural commodity that is certified as 
        `organic' or `100 percent organic' (as defined in part 205 of 
        title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
        regulation)).
            ``(2) Split operations.--The exemption described in 
        paragraph (1) shall apply to the certified `organic' or `100 
        percent organic' (as defined in part 205 of title 7 of the Code 
        of Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation)) products of 
        a producer, handler, or marketer regardless of whether the 
        agricultural commodity subject to the exemption is produced, 
        handled, or marketed by a person that also produces, handles, or 
        markets

[[Page 128 STAT. 943]]

        conventional or nonorganic agricultural products, including 
        conventional or nonorganic agricultural products of the same 
        agricultural commodity as that for which the exemption is 
        claimed.
            ``(3) Approval.--The Secretary shall approve the exemption 
        of a person under this subsection if the person maintains a 
        valid organic certificate issued under the Organic Foods 
        Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.).
            ``(4) Termination of effectiveness.--This subsection shall 
        be effective until the date on which the Secretary issues an 
        organic commodity promotion order in accordance with subsection 
        (f).
            ``(5) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate 
        regulations concerning eligibility and compliance for an 
        exemption under paragraph (1).''.

    (e) Organic Commodity Promotion Order.--Section 501 of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7401) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Organic Commodity Promotion Order.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Certified organic farm.--The term `certified 
                organic farm' has the meaning given the term in section 
                2103 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
                U.S.C. 6502).
                    ``(B) Covered person.--The term `covered person' 
                means a producer, handler, marketer, or importer of an 
                organic agricultural commodity.
                    ``(C) Dual-covered agricultural commodity.--The term 
                `dual-covered agricultural commodity' means an 
                agricultural commodity that--
                          ``(i) is produced on a certified organic farm; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) is covered under both--
                                    ``(I) an organic commodity promotion 
                                order issued pursuant to paragraph (2); 
                                and
                                    ``(II) any other agricultural 
                                commodity promotion order issued under 
                                section 514.
            ``(2) Authorization.--The Secretary may issue an organic 
        commodity promotion order under section 514 that includes any 
        agricultural commodity that--
                    ``(A) is produced or handled (as defined in section 
                2103 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
                U.S.C. 6502)) and that is certified to be sold or 
                labeled as `organic' or `100 percent organic' (as 
                defined in part 205 of title 7, Code of Federal 
                Regulations (or a successor regulation)); or
                    ``(B) is imported with a valid organic certificate 
                (as defined in that part).
            ``(3) Election.--If the Secretary issues an organic 
        commodity promotion order described in paragraph (2), a covered 
        person may elect, for applicable dual-covered agricultural 
        commodities and in the sole discretion of the covered person, 
        whether to be assessed under the organic commodity promotion 
        order or another applicable agricultural commodity promotion 
        order.
            ``(4) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate 
        regulations concerning eligibility and compliance for an 
        exemption under paragraph (1).''.

[[Page 128 STAT. 944]]

    (f) Definition of Agricultural Commodity.--Section 513(1) of the 
Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
7412(1)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
        subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
                    ``(E) products, as a class, that are--
                          ``(i) produced on a certified organic farm (as 
                      defined in section 2103 of the Organic Foods 
                      Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502)); and
                          ``(ii) certified to be sold or labeled as 
                      `organic' or `100 percent organic' (as defined in 
                      part 205 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations 
                      (or a successor regulation));''.
SEC. 10005. INVESTIGATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE ORGANIC FOODS 
                            PRODUCTION ACT OF 1990.

    (a) Recordkeeping by Certified Operations.--Section 2112 of the 
Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6511) is amended by 
striking subsection (d).
    (b) Recordkeeping by Certifying Agents.--
            (1) In general.--Section 2116 of the Organic Foods 
        Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6515) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c);
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (d) through (j) as 
                subsections (c) through (i), respectively; and
                    (C) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated), in the 
                matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection 
                (d)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 2107(a)(8) of the Organic 
        Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6506(a)(8)) is amended by 
        striking ``section 2116(h)'' and inserting ``section 2116(g)''.

    (c) Recordkeeping, Investigations, and Enforcement.--Section 2120 of 
the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6519) is amended to 
read as follows:
``SEC. 2120. RECORDKEEPING, INVESTIGATIONS, AND ENFORCEMENT.

    ``(a) Recordkeeping.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        title, each person who sells, labels, or represents any 
        agricultural product as having been produced or handled using 
        organic methods shall make available to the Secretary or the 
        applicable governing State official, on request by the Secretary 
        or official, all records associated with the agricultural 
        product.
            ``(2) Certified operations.--Each producer that operates a 
        certified organic farm or certified organic handling operation 
        under this title shall maintain, for a period of not less than 5 
        years, all records concerning the production or handling of any 
        agricultural product sold or labeled as organically produced 
        under this title, including--
                    ``(A) a detailed history of substances applied to 
                fields or agricultural products;
                    ``(B) the name and address of each person who 
                applied such a substance; and
                    ``(C) the date, rate, and method of application of 
                each such substance.
            ``(3) Certifying agents.--

[[Page 128 STAT. 945]]

                    ``(A) Maintenance of records.--A certifying agent 
                shall maintain all records concerning the activities of 
                the certifying agent under this title for a period of 
                not less than 10 years.
                    ``(B) Access for secretary.--A certifying agent 
                shall provide to the Secretary and the applicable 
                governing State official (or a representative) access to 
                all records concerning the activities of the certifying 
                agent under this title.
                    ``(C) Transference of records.--If a private person 
                that was certified under this title is dissolved or 
                loses accreditation, all records and copies of records 
                concerning the activities of the person under this title 
                shall be--
                          ``(i) transferred to the Secretary; and
                          ``(ii) made available to the applicable 
                      governing State official.
            ``(4) Unlawful act.--It shall be unlawful and a violation of 
        this title for any person covered by this title to fail or 
        refuse to provide accurate information (including a delay in the 
        timely delivery of such information) required by the Secretary 
        under this title.
            ``(5) Confidentiality.--Except as provided in section 
        2107(a)(9), or as otherwise directed by the Secretary or the 
        Attorney General for enforcement purposes, no officer, employee, 
        or agent of the United States shall make available to the public 
        any information, statistic, or document obtained from, or made 
        available by, any person under this title, other than in a 
        manner that ensures that confidentiality is preserved 
        regarding--
                    ``(A) the identity of all relevant persons 
                (including parties to a contract); and
                    ``(B) proprietary business information.

    ``(b) Investigations.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may take such investigative 
        actions as the Secretary considers to be necessary--
                    ``(A) to verify the accuracy of any information 
                reported or made available under this title; and
                    ``(B) to determine whether a person covered by this 
                title has committed a violation of any provision of this 
                title, including an order or regulation promulgated by 
                the Secretary pursuant to this title.
            ``(2) Specific investigative powers.--In carrying out this 
        title, the Secretary may--
                    ``(A) administer oaths and affirmations;
                    ``(B) subpoena witnesses;
                    ``(C) compel attendance of witnesses;
                    ``(D) take evidence; and
                    ``(E) require the production of any records required 
                to be maintained under this title that are relevant to 
                an investigation.

    ``(c) Violations of Title.--
            ``(1) Misuse of label.--Any person who knowingly sells or 
        labels a product as organic, except in accordance with this 
        title, shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than 
        $10,000.
            ``(2) False statement.--Any person who makes a false 
        statement under this title to the Secretary, a governing State 
        official, or a certifying agent shall be punished in accordance 
        with section 1001 of title 18, United States Code.

[[Page 128 STAT. 946]]

            ``(3) Ineligibility.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), any person that carries out an 
                activity described in subparagraph (B), after notice and 
                an opportunity to be heard, shall not be eligible, for 
                the 5-year period beginning on the date of the 
                occurrence, to receive a certification under this title 
                with respect to any farm or handling operation in which 
                the person has an interest.
                    ``(B) Description of activities.