[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1997, Book I)]
[January 14, 1997]
[Pages 34-35]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office www.gpo.gov]



Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Secretary of 
Defense William J. Perry at Fort Myer, Virginia
January 14, 1997

    Thank you very much. General Shalikashvili, Mrs. Shalikashvili, 
distinguished leaders of the United States Armed Forces, Members of 
Congress, service members in our Armed Forces assembled here today, 
friends of Secretary and Mrs. Perry, and to Bill and Lee and your 
children and your grandchildren, your other family members who are here 
today. Let me say that for Hillary and me this is a bittersweet day, a 
great privilege for us to be here to honor Bill and Lee, a great regret 
that our Nation will be losing--as all nations must and we, too, must 
from time to time--one of the ablest people who ever served the United 
States in any position. We come to honor Bill Perry, the leader, the 
statesman, and the friend of America's Armed Forces.
    Once he was asked if he had ever aspired to a career in Government 
service, and he replied, ``No. I was a math major.'' Fortunately for the 
rest of us, he set aside his love of mathematics and engineering to 
serve in demanding levels of Government where the clarity and precision 
of his training and insight and ability were highly valued and sorely 
needed. He did so with remarkable distinction, accomplishment, and 
integrity. And I agree with Shali: When the history of our time is 
written, Bill Perry may well be recorded as the most productive, 
effective Secretary of Defense the United States ever had.
    His association with our military dates to his service as an 
enlisted man at the end of World War II, then as an Army Reserve 
officer. At Stanford he helped to educate and sharpen some of our 
Nation's great young minds. As a businessman, he created jobs and 
prosperity for his home State of California. As Under Secretary of 
Defense in the late 1970's, it was his vision and drive and leadership 
that brought from the drawing board to deployment in record time many of 
the advanced technologies that were vital to our Nation's victory in 
Operation Desert Storm. Bill Perry was one of the great and, indeed, 
unsung heroes of the Gulf war.
    But we gather today, first and foremost, to honor and thank Bill and 
Lee for their last 3 years leading the Defense Department. This was a 
difficult job but the perfect one for Bill Perry. He completed the post-
cold-war drawdown of our Armed Forces while increasing their readiness 
capabilities and technological edge, something no one thought could be 
done. The simple fact is that this is one of the great managerial 
achievements in our country's history. Today our troops are the best 
trained, the best equipped, the best prepared fighting force in the 
world. And they have proven that again and again on Bill Perry's watch, 
from Haiti to Bosnia to the Persian Gulf.
    Bill Perry downsized without downgrading morale. He always valued 
and honored the service of people who do the hard work of ensuring our 
security. And as the Vice President well knows, he brought reinventing 
Government right into the E wing of the Pentagon with commonsense 
acquisition and financial reform. He never let the crisis of the moment 
deter him from meeting the long-term challenges and seizing the long-
term opportunities to build a more secure future for the United States.
    He led our successful effort to dismantle and de-target thousands of 
Russian nuclear warheads once aimed at American cities and to eliminate 
nuclear warheads from Kazakstan, Ukraine, and Belarus. The cooperative 
threat reduction program he managed has helped keep nuclear materials 
from falling into the hands of rogue states and terrorists. He helped to 
build a new security architecture in Europe through NATO's Partnership 
For Peace program. He reinvigorated our security ties with Japan and 
established new security relationships with Russia, China, and our 
neighbors in Latin America.
    The Department of Defense is the largest and most complex 
organization in our Nation's Government. He ran it hands-on. This method 
would be demanding enough at any Federal agency, but when your 
headquarters is the Pentagon and your staff numbers 3 million, what Bill 
calls ``management by walking around'' is all the more remarkable. But 
as has been said today by others who know well, it is his affinity for 
and his commitment to our Nation's troops, the men and women who serve 
at home, abroad, and at sea and who are sent into harm's way at a 
moment's notice, which I most admire.

[[Page 35]]

    In many of our private meetings together over the last 3 years, Bill 
Perry would always--always--bring up the welfare, the morale, the 
interests, and the future of our men and women in uniform who are 
enlisted personnel and their families. Secretary Perry's many trips 
abroad--and as the most traveled Defense Secretary in the history of the 
United States, there were many trips--were as much about checking in 
with our troops and their families and checking on their quality of life 
as they were about meeting with defense ministers and military leaders 
in other lands.
    As a former private, his heart never left the members of the 
enlisted corps. As a former lieutenant, he understood the leadership 
demands we place upon our junior officers. But above all, he understood 
that whether enlisted or officer, military service is the ultimate 
expression of patriotism by those who choose to wear our uniform.
    I will miss Bill Perry for many things, for his thoughtful 
temperament and manner, for speaking with the mathematician's unadorned 
clarity, a rarity in Washington. Teddy Roosevelt said that those of us 
in positions of authority should speak softly and carry a big stick. 
Bill Perry spoke softly and carried the biggest stick in the world with 
great care and a great effect. His quiet confidence was always an 
incredible comfort to me. There were qualities which our allies relied 
upon, and as long as he was Secretary of Defense, I never went to bed a 
single night worried about the security of the United States or the 
welfare of our men and women in uniform. His practice of bipartisanship 
earned Bill Perry the trust and respect of the Congress and the American 
people as well as credibility abroad as an American who could speak for 
the entire country.
    Many of you know that Secretary Perry's personal hero is his 
predecessor General George Marshall. During the crisis days of World War 
II, Marshall lived right here at Fort Myer and then went on to become a 
great Secretary of State and the third Secretary of Defense. While Bill 
Perry is one of just 16 to follow him in that difficult job, I believe 
he is the successor George Marshall would be most proud of.
    The measure of a great Defense Secretary is whether he leaves our 
military stronger and our Nation safer than on the day he took office. 
It is, and we are.
    And so it is my great privilege as President, as Commander in Chief, 
and as a grateful American citizen, to present William J. Perry with the 
Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Nation's highest civilian award.
    Commander, publish the order.

Note: The President spoke at 10:40 a.m. in Conmy Hall. In his remarks, 
he referred to General Shalikashvili's wife, Joan, and Secretary Perry's 
wife, Leonilla. Following the President's remarks, Spec. John Christ, 
USA, 3d U.S. Infantry (the Old Guard), read the citation.