[United States Statutes at Large, Volume 120, 109th Congress, 2nd Session]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]

120 STAT. 328

Public Law 109-215
109th Congress

An Act


 
To ensure regulatory equity between and among all dairy farmers and
handlers for sales of packaged fluid milk in federally regulated milk
marketing areas and into certain non-federally regulated milk marketing
areas from federally regulated areas, and for other
purposes.  NOTE: Apr. 11, 2006 -  [S. 2120]

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress  NOTE: Milk Regulatory Equity Act
of 2005.  assembled,

SECTION 1.  NOTE: 7 USC 601 note.  SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ``Milk Regulatory Equity Act of 2005''.

SEC. 2. MILK REGULATORY EQUITY.

(a) Minimum Milk Prices for Handlers; Exemption.--Section 8c(5) of
the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(5)), reenacted with
amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, is
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
``(M) Minimum Milk Prices for Handlers.--
``(i) Application of minimum price requirements.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a milk
handler described in clause (ii) shall be subject to all of the
minimum and uniform price requirements of a Federal milk
marketing order issued pursuant to this section applicable to
the county in which the plant of the handler is located, at
Federal order class prices, if the handler has packaged fluid
milk product route dispositions, or sales of packaged fluid milk
products to other plants, in a marketing area located in a State
that requires handlers to pay minimum prices for raw milk
purchases.
``(ii) Covered milk handlers.--
Except  NOTE: Applicability.  as provided in clause (iv),
clause (i) applies to a handler of Class I milk products
(including a producer-handler or producer operating as a
handler) that--
``(I) operates a plant that is located within the
boundaries of a Federal order milk marketing area (as
those boundaries are in effect as of the date of the
enactment of this subparagraph);
``(II) has packaged fluid milk product route
dispositions, or sales of packaged fluid milk products
to other plants, in a milk marketing area located in a
State that requires handlers to pay minimum prices for
raw milk purchases; and
``(III) is not otherwise obligated by a Federal milk
marketing order, or a regulated milk pricing plan
operated

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120 STAT. 329

by a State, to pay minimum class prices for the raw milk
that is used for such dispositions or sales.
``(iii) Obligation to pay minimum class prices.--For
purposes of clause (ii)(III), the Secretary may not consider a
handler of Class I milk products to be obligated by a Federal
milk marketing order to pay minimum class prices for raw milk
unless the handler operates the plant as a fully regulated fluid
milk distributing plant under a Federal milk marketing order.
``(iv) Certain handlers exempted.--Clause (i) does not apply
to--
``(I) a handler (otherwise described in clause (ii))
that operates a nonpool plant (as defined in section
1000.8(e) of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, as in
effect on the date of the enactment of this
subparagraph);
``(II) a producer-handler (otherwise described in
clause (ii)) for any month during which the producer-
handler has route dispositions, and sales to other
plants, of packaged fluid milk products equaling less
than 3,000,000 pounds of milk; or
``(III) a handler (otherwise described in clause
(ii)) for any month during which--
``(aa) less than 25 percent of the total
quantity of fluid milk products physically
received at the plant of the handler (excluding
concentrated milk received from another plant by
agreement for other than Class I use) is disposed
of as route disposition or is transferred in the
form of packaged fluid milk products to other
plants; or
``(bb) less than 25 percent in aggregate of
the route disposition or transfers are in a
marketing area or areas located in one or more
States that require handlers to pay minimum prices
for raw milk purchases.

``(N) Exemption for Certain Milk Handlers.--Notwithstanding any
other provision of this section, no handler with distribution of Class I
milk products in the marketing area described in Order No. 131 shall be
exempt during any month from any minimum price requirement established
by the Secretary under this subsection if the total distribution of
Class I products during the preceding month of any such handler's own
farm production exceeds 3,000,000 pounds.
``(O) Rule of Construction Regarding Producer-Handlers.--
Subparagraphs (M) and (N) shall not be construed as affecting,
expanding, or contracting the treatment of producer-handlers under this
subsection except as provided in such subparagraphs.''.
(b) Exclusion of Nevada From Federal Milk Marketing Orders.--Section
8c(11) of the Agriculture Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(11)), reenacted
with amendments by the Agriculture Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, is
amended--
(1) in subparagraph (C), by striking the last sentence; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

``(D) In the case of milk and its products, no county or other
political subdivision of the State of Nevada shall be within the
marketing area definition of any order issued under this section.''.

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120 STAT. 330

(c) Records and  NOTE: 7 USC 608c note.  Facility Requirements.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, or the amendments
made by this section, a milk handler (including a producer-handler or a
producer operating as a handler) that is subject to regulation under
this section or an amendment made by this section shall comply with the
requirements of section 1000.27 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations,
or a successor regulation, relating to handler responsibility for
records or facilities.

(d) Effective  NOTE: 7 USC 608c note.  Date and Implementation.--
The amendments made by this section take effect on the first day of the
first month beginning more than 15 days after the date of the enactment
of this Act. To accomplish the expedited implementation of these
amendments, effective on the date of the enactment of this Act, the
Secretary of Agriculture shall include in the pool distributing plant
provisions of each Federal milk marketing order issued under
subparagraph (B) of section 8c(5) of the Agriculture Adjustment Act (7
U.S.C. 608c(5)), reenacted with amendments by the Agriculture Marketing
Agreement Act of 1937, a provision that a handler described in
subparagraph (M) of such section, as added by subsection (a) of this
section, will be fully regulated by the order in which the handler's
distributing plant is located. These amendments shall not be subject to
a referendum under section 8c(19) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(19)).

Approved April 11, 2006.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 2120:
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CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 151 (2005):
Dec. 16, considered and passed
Senate.
Vol. 152 (2006):
Mar. 28, considered and passed
House.