[United States Statutes at Large, Volume 121, 110th Congress, 1st Session]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]

121 STAT. 1455

Public Law 110-138
110th Congress

An Act


 
To implement the United States-Peru Trade Promotion
Agreement. [NOTE: Dec. 14, 2007 -  [H.R. 3688]

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, [NOTE: United States-
Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act. 19 USC 3805 note.

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``United States-Peru
Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act''.
(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.

TITLE I--APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, THE AGREEMENT

Sec. 101. Approval and entry into force of the Agreement.
Sec. 102. Relationship of the Agreement to United States and State law.
Sec. 103. Implementing actions in anticipation of entry into force and
initial regulations.
Sec. 104. Consultation and layover provisions for, and effective date
of, proclaimed actions.
Sec. 105. Administration of dispute settlement proceedings.
Sec. 106. Arbitration of claims.
Sec. 107. Effective dates; effect of termination.

TITLE II--CUSTOMS PROVISIONS

Sec. 201. Tariff modifications.
Sec. 202. Additional duties on certain agricultural goods.
Sec. 203. Rules of origin.
Sec. 204. Customs user fees.
Sec. 205. Disclosure of incorrect information; false certifications
oforigin; denial of preferential tariff treatment.
Sec. 206. Reliquidation of entries.
Sec. 207. Recordkeeping requirements.
Sec. 208. Enforcement relating to trade in textile or apparel goods.
Sec. 209. Regulations.

TITLE III--RELIEF FROM IMPORTS

Sec. 301. Definitions.

Subtitle A--Relief From Imports Benefiting From the Agreement

Sec. 311. Commencing of action for relief.
Sec. 312. Commission action on petition.
Sec. 313. Provision of relief.
Sec. 314. Termination of relief authority.
Sec. 315. Compensation authority.
Sec. 316. Confidential business information.

Subtitle B--Textile and Apparel Safeguard Measures

Sec. 321. Commencement of action for relief.
Sec. 322. Determination and provision of relief.

[[Page 1456]]
121 STAT. 1456

Sec. 323. Period of relief.
Sec. 324. Articles exempt from relief.
Sec. 325. Rate after termination of import relief.
Sec. 326. Termination of relief authority.
Sec. 327. Compensation authority.
Sec. 328. Confidential business information.

Subtitle C--Cases Under Title II of the Trade Act of 1974

Sec. 331. Findings and action on goods of Peru.

TITLE IV--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 401. Eligible products.

TITLE V--TRADE IN TIMBER PRODUCTS OF PERU

Sec. 501. Enforcement relating to trade in timber products of Peru.
Sec. 502. Report to Congress.

TITLE VI--OFFSETS

Sec. 601. Customs user fees.
Sec. 602. Time for payment of corporate estimated taxes.

SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

The purposes of this Act are--
(1) to approve and implement the free trade agreement
between the United States and Peru entered into under the
authority of section 2103(b) of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion
Authority Act of 2002 (19 U.S.C. 3803(b));
(2) to strengthen and develop economic relations between the
United States and Peru for their mutual benefit;
(3) to establish free trade between the United States and
Peru through the reduction and elimination of barriers to trade
in goods and services and to investment; and
(4) to lay the foundation for further cooperation to expand
and enhance the benefits of the Agreement.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

In this Act:
(1) Agreement.--The term ``Agreement'' means the United
States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement approved by Congress under
section 101(a)(1).
(2) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the United
States International Trade Commission.
(3) HTS.--The term ``HTS'' means the Harmonized Tariff
Schedule of the United States.
(4) Textile or apparel good.--The term ``textile or apparel
good'' means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on
Textiles and Clothing referred to in section 101(d)(4) of the
Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3511(d)(4)), other than
a good listed in Annex 3-C of the Agreement.

TITLE I--APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, THE AGREEMENT

SEC. 101. APPROVAL AND ENTRY INTO FORCE OF THE AGREEMENT.

(a) Approval of Agreement and Statement of Administrative Action.--
Pursuant to section 2105 of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act
of 2002 (19 U.S.C. 3805) and section 151 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19
U.S.C. 2191), Congress approves--

[[Page 1457]]
121 STAT. 1457

(1) the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement entered
into on April 12, 2006, with the Government of Peru, as amended
on June 24 and June 25, 2007, respectively, by the United States
and Peru, and submitted to Congress on September 27, 2007; and
(2) the statement of administrative action proposed to
implement the Agreement that was submitted to Congress on
September 27, 2007.

(b) Conditions for Entry Into Force of
the [NOTE: President. Agreement.--At such time as the President
determines that Peru has taken measures necessary to comply with those
provisions of the Agreement that are to take effect on the date on which
the Agreement enters into force, the President is authorized to exchange
notes with the Government of Peru providing for the entry into force, on
or after January 1, 2008, of the Agreement with respect to the United
States.

SEC. 102. RELATIONSHIP OF THE AGREEMENT TO UNITED STATES AND STATE LAW.

(a) Relationship of Agreement to United States Law.--
(1) United states law to prevail in conflict.--No provision
of the Agreement, nor the application of any such provision to
any person or circumstance, which is inconsistent with any law
of the United States shall have effect.
(2) Construction.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed--
(A) to amend or modify any law of the United States,
or
(B) to limit any authority conferred under any law
of the United States,
unless specifically provided for in this Act.

(b) Relationship of Agreement to State Law.--
(1) Legal challenge.--No State law, or the application
thereof, may be declared invalid as to any person or
circumstance on the ground that the provision or application is
inconsistent with the Agreement, except in an action brought by
the United States for the purpose of declaring such law or
application invalid.
(2) Definition of state law.--For purposes of this
subsection, the term ``State law'' includes--
(A) any law of a political subdivision of a State;
and
(B) any State law regulating or taxing the business
of insurance.

(c) Effect of Agreement With Respect to Private Remedies.--No person
other than the United States--
(1) shall have any cause of action or defense under the
Agreement or by virtue of congressional approval thereof; or
(2) may challenge, in any action brought under any provision
of law, any action or inaction by any department, agency, or
other instrumentality of the United States, any State, or any
political subdivision of a State, on the ground that such action
or inaction is inconsistent with the Agreement.

SEC. 103. IMPLEMENTING ACTIONS IN ANTICIPATION OF ENTRY INTO FORCE AND
INITIAL REGULATIONS.

(a) Implementing Actions.--
(1) Proclamation authority.--After the date of the enactment
of this Act--

[[Page 1458]]
121 STAT. 1458

(A) the President may proclaim such actions, and
(B) other appropriate officers of the United States
Government may issue such regulations,
as may be necessary to ensure that any provision of this Act, or
amendment made by this Act, that takes effect on the date on
which the Agreement enters into force is appropriately
implemented on such date, but no such proclamation or regulation
may have an effective date earlier than the date on which the
Agreement enters into force.
(2) Effective date of certain proclaimed actions.--Any
action proclaimed by the President under the authority of this
Act that is not subject to the consultation and layover
provisions under section 104 may not take effect before the 15th
day after the date on which the text of the proclamation is
published in the Federal Register.
(3) Waiver of 15-day restriction.--The 15-day restriction
contained in paragraph (2) on the taking effect of proclaimed
actions is waived to the extent that the application of such
restriction would prevent the taking effect on the date the
Agreement enters into force of any action proclaimed under this
section.

(b) Initial [NOTE: Deadlines.  Regulations.--Initial regulations
necessary or appropriate to carry out the actions required by or
authorized under this Act or proposed in the statement of administrative
action submitted under section 101(a)(2) to implement the Agreement
shall, to the maximum extent feasible, be issued within 1 year after the
date on which the Agreement enters into force. In the case of any
implementing action that takes effect on a date after the date on which
the Agreement enters into force, initial regulations to carry out that
action shall, to the maximum extent feasible, be issued within 1 year
after such effective date.

SEC. 104. [NOTE: President. CONSULTATION AND LAYOVER PROVISIONS FOR,
AND EFFECTIVE DATE OF, PROCLAIMED ACTIONS.

If a provision of this Act provides that the implementation of an
action by the President by proclamation is subject to the consultation
and layover requirements of this section, such action may be proclaimed
only if--
(1) the President has obtained advice regarding the proposed
action from--
(A) the appropriate advisory committees established
under section 135 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C.
2155); and
(B) the Commission;
(2) [NOTE: Reports. the President has submitted to the
Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and
Means of the House of Representatives a report that sets forth--
(A) the action proposed to be proclaimed and the
reasons therefor; and
(B) the advice obtained under paragraph (1);
(3) a period of 60 calendar days, beginning on the first day
on which the requirements set forth in paragraphs (1) and (2)
have been met, has expired; and
(4) the President has consulted with the committees referred
to in paragraph (2) regarding the proposed action during the
period referred to in paragraph (3).

[[Page 1459]]
121 STAT. 1459

SEC. 105. ADMINISTRATION OF DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEEDINGS.

(a) Establishment or Designation of [NOTE: President. Office.--
The President is authorized to establish or designate within the
Department of Commerce an office that shall be responsible for providing
administrative assistance to panels established under chapter 21 of the
Agreement. The office shall not be considered to be an agency for
purposes of section 552 of title 5, United States Code.

(b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be
appropriated for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2007 to the
Department of Commerce such sums as may be necessary for the
establishment and operations of the office established or designated
under subsection (a) and for the payment of the United States share of
the expenses of panels established under chapter 21 of the Agreement.

SEC. 106. ARBITRATION OF CLAIMS.

The United States is authorized to resolve any claim against the
United States covered by article 10.16.1(a)(i)(C) or article
10.16.1(b)(i)(C) of the Agreement, pursuant to the Investor-State
Dispute Settlement procedures set forth in section B of chapter 10 of
the Agreement.

SEC. 107. EFFECTIVE DATES; EFFECT OF TERMINATION.

(a) Effective Dates.--Except as provided in subsection (b), this Act
and the amendments made by this Act take effect on the date on which the
Agreement enters into force.
(b) Exceptions.--Sections 1 through 3 and this title take effect on
the date of the enactment of this Act.
(c) Termination of the Agreement.--On the date on which the
Agreement terminates, this Act (other than this subsection) and the
amendments made by this Act shall cease to have effect.

TITLE II--CUSTOMS PROVISIONS

SEC. 201. TARIFF MODIFICATIONS.

(a) Tariff Modifications Provided for in the Agreement.--
(1) Proclamation authority.--The President may proclaim--
(A) such modifications or continuation of any duty,
(B) such continuation of duty-free or excise
treatment, or
(C) such additional duties,
as the President determines to be necessary or appropriate to
carry out or apply articles 2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 3.3.13, and Annex 2.3
of the Agreement.
(2) Effect [NOTE: President. on gsp status.--
Notwithstanding section 502(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19
U.S.C. 2462(a)(1)), the President shall, on the date on which
the Agreement enters into force, terminate the designation of
Peru as a beneficiary developing country for purposes of title V
of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2461 et seq.).

(b) Other Tariff Modifications.--Subject to the consultation and
layover provisions of section 104, the President may proclaim--
(1) such modifications or continuation of any duty,
(2) such modifications as the United States may agree to
with Peru regarding the staging of any duty treatment set forth
in Annex 2.3 of the Agreement,

[[Page 1460]]
121 STAT. 1460

(3) such continuation of duty-free or excise treatment, or
(4) such additional duties,

as the President determines to be necessary or appropriate to maintain
the general level of reciprocal and mutually advantageous concessions
with respect to Peru provided for by the Agreement.
(c) Conversion to Ad Valorem Rates.--For purposes of subsections (a)
and (b), with respect to any good for which the base rate in the
Schedule of the United States to Annex 2.3 of the Agreement is a
specific or compound rate of duty, the President may substitute for the
base rate an ad valorem rate that the President determines to be
equivalent to the base rate.
(d) Tariff [NOTE: President. Rate Quotas.--In implementing the
tariff rate quotas set forth in Appendix I to the Schedule of the United
States to Annex 2.3 of the Agreement, the President shall take such
action as may be necessary to ensure that imports of agricultural goods
do not disrupt the orderly marketing of commodities in the United
States.

SEC. 202. ADDITIONAL DUTIES ON CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL GOODS.

(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Applicable ntr (mfn) rate of duty.--The term
``applicable NTR (MFN) rate of duty'' means, with respect to a
safeguard good, a rate of duty equal to the lowest of--
(A) the base rate in the Schedule of the United
States to Annex 2.3 of the Agreement;
(B) the column 1 general rate of duty that would, on
the day before the date on which the Agreement enters
into force, apply to a good classifiable in the same 8-
digit subheading of the HTS as the safeguard good; or
(C) the column 1 general rate of duty that would, at
the time the additional duty is imposed under subsection
(b), apply to a good classifiable in the same 8-digit
subheading of the HTS as the safeguard good.
(2) Schedule rate of duty.--The term ``schedule rate of
duty'' means, with respect to a safeguard good, the rate of duty
for that good that is set forth in the Schedule of the United
States to Annex 2.3 of the Agreement.
(3) Safeguard good.--The term ``safeguard good'' means a
good--
(A) that is included in the Schedule of the United
States to Annex 2.18 of the Agreement;
(B) that qualifies as an originating good under
section 203, except that operations performed in or
material obtained from the United States shall be
considered as if the operations were performed in, and
the material was obtained from, a country that is not a
party to the Agreement; and
(C) for which a claim for preferential tariff
treatment under the Agreement has been made.

(b) Additional Duties on Safeguard Goods.--
(1) In general.--In addition to any duty proclaimed under
subsection (a) or (b) of section 201, the Secretary of the
Treasury shall assess a duty, in the amount determined under
paragraph (2), on a safeguard good imported into the United
States in a calendar year if the Secretary determines that,
prior to such importation, the total volume of that safeguard
good that is imported into the United States in that calendar
year exceeds

[[Page 1461]]
121 STAT. 1461

130 percent of the volume that is provided for that safeguard
good in the corresponding year in the applicable table contained
in Appendix I of the General Notes to the Schedule of the United
States to Annex 2.3 of the Agreement. For purposes of this
subsection, year 1 in that table corresponds to the calendar
year in which the Agreement enters into force.
(2) Calculation of additional duty.--The additional duty on
a safeguard good under this subsection shall be--
(A) in years 1 through 12, an amount equal to 100
percent of the excess of the applicable NTR (MFN) rate
of duty over the schedule rate of duty; and
(B) in years 13 through 16, an amount equal to 50
percent of the excess of the applicable NTR (MFN) rate
of duty over the schedule rate of duty.
(3) Notice.--Not [NOTE: Deadline. later than 60 days
after the Secretary of the Treasury first assesses an additional
duty in a calendar year on a good under this subsection, the
Secretary shall notify the Government of Peru in writing of such
action and shall provide to that Government data supporting the
assessment of the additional duty.

(c) Exceptions.--No additional duty shall be assessed on a good
under subsection (b) if, at the time of entry, the good is subject to
import relief under--
(1) subtitle A of title III of this Act; or
(2) chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 (19
U.S.C. 2251 et seq.).

(d) Termination.--The assessment of an additional duty on a good
under subsection (b) shall cease to apply to that good on the date on
which duty-free treatment must be provided to that good under the
Schedule of the United States to Annex 2.3 of the Agreement.

SEC. 203. RULES OF ORIGIN.

(a) Application and Interpretation.--In this section:
(1) Tariff classification.--The basis for any tariff
classification is the HTS.
(2) Reference to hts.--Whenever in this section there is a
reference to a chapter, heading, or subheading, such reference
shall be a reference to a chapter, heading, or subheading of the
HTS.
(3) Cost or value.--Any cost or value referred to in this
section shall be recorded and maintained in accordance with the
generally accepted accounting principles applicable in the
territory of the country in which the good is produced (whether
Peru or the United States).

(b) Originating Goods.--For purposes of this Act and for purposes of
implementing the preferential tariff treatment provided for under the
Agreement, except as otherwise provided in this section, a good is an
originating good if--
(1) the good is a good wholly obtained or produced entirely
in the territory of Peru, the United States, or both;
(2) the good--
(A) is produced entirely in the territory of Peru,
the United States, or both, and--
(i) each of the nonoriginating materials used
in the production of the good undergoes an
applicable

[[Page 1462]]
121 STAT. 1462

change in tariff classification specified in Annex
3-A or Annex 4.1 of the Agreement; or
(ii) the good otherwise satisfies any
applicable regional value-content or other
requirements specified in Annex 3-A or Annex 4.1
of the Agreement; and
(B) satisfies all other applicable requirements of
this section; or
(3) the good is produced entirely in the territory of Peru,
the United States, or both, exclusively from materials described
in paragraph (1) or (2).

(c) Regional Value-Content.--
(1) In general.--For purposes of subsection (b)(2), the
regional value-content of a good referred to in Annex 4.1 of the
Agreement, except for goods to which paragraph (4) applies,
shall be calculated by the importer, exporter, or producer of
the good, on the basis of the build-down method described in
paragraph (2) or the build-up method described in paragraph (3).
(2) Build-down method.--
(A) In general.--The regional value-content of a
good may be calculated on the basis of the following
build-down method:

av-vnm

rvc = --------  100

av

(B) Definitions.--In subparagraph (A):
(i) RVC.--The term ``RVC'' means the regional
value-content of the good, expressed as a
percentage.
(ii) AV.--The term ``AV'' means the adjusted
value of the good.
(iii) VNM.--The term ``VNM'' means the value
of nonoriginating materials that are acquired and
used by the producer in the production of the
good, but does not include the value of a material
that is self-produced.
(3) Build-up method.--
(A) In general.--The regional value-content of a
good may be calculated on the basis of the following
build-up method:

vom

rvc = --------  100

av

(B) Definitions.--In subparagraph (A):
(i) RVC.--The term ``RVC'' means the regional
value-content of the good, expressed as a
percentage.
(ii) AV.--The term ``AV'' means the adjusted
value of the good.
(iii) VOM.--The term ``VOM'' means the value
of originating materials that are acquired or
self-produced, and used by the producer in the
production of the good.
(4) Special rule for certain automotive goods.--
(A) In general.--For purposes of subsection (b)(2),
the regional value-content of an automotive good
referred to in Annex 4.1 of the Agreement shall be
calculated by the importer, exporter, or producer of the
good, on the basis of the following net cost method:

[[Page 1463]]
121 STAT. 1463

nc-vnm

rvc = --------  100

nc

(B) Definitions.--In subparagraph (A):
(i) Automotive good.--The term ``automotive
good'' means a good provided for in any of
subheadings 8407.31 through 8407.34, subheading
8408.20, heading 8409, or any of headings 8701
through 8708.
(ii) RVC.--The term ``RVC'' means the regional
value-content of the automotive good, expressed as
a percentage.
(iii) NC.--The term ``NC'' means the net cost
of the automotive good.
(iv) VNM.--The term ``VNM'' means the value of
nonoriginating materials that are acquired and
used by the producer in the production of the
automotive good, but does not include the value of
a material that is self-produced.
(C) Motor vehicles.--
(i) Basis of calculation.--For purposes of
determining the regional value-content under
subparagraph (A) for an automotive good that is a
motor vehicle provided for in any of headings 8701
through 8705, an importer, exporter, or producer
may average the amounts calculated under the
formula contained in subparagraph (A), over the
producer's fiscal year--
(I) with respect to all motor
vehicles in any one of the categories
described in clause (ii); or
(II) with respect to all motor
vehicles in any such category that are
exported to the territory of the United
States or Peru.
(ii) Categories.--A category is described in
this clause if it--
(I) is the same model line of motor
vehicles, is in the same class of motor
vehicles, and is produced in the same
plant in the territory of Peru or the
United States, as the good described in
clause (i) for which regional value-
content is being calculated;
(II) is the same class of motor
vehicles, and is produced in the same
plant in the territory of Peru or the
United States, as the good described in
clause (i) for which regional value-
content is being calculated; or
(III) is the same model line of
motor vehicles produced in the territory
of Peru or the United States as the good
described in clause (i) for which
regional value-content is being
calculated.
(D) Other automotive goods.--For purposes of
determining the regional value-content under
subparagraph (A) for automotive materials provided for
in any of subheadings 8407.31 through 8407.34, in
subheading 8408.20, or in heading 8409, 8706, 8707, or
8708, that are produced in the same plant, an importer,
exporter, or producer may--
(i) average the amounts calculated under the
formula contained in subparagraph (A) over--
(I) the fiscal year of the motor
vehicle producer to whom the automotive
goods are sold,

[[Page 1464]]
121 STAT. 1464

(II) any quarter or month, or
(III) the fiscal year of the
producer of such goods,
if the goods were produced during the fiscal year,
quarter, or month that is the basis for the
calculation;
(ii) determine the average referred to in
clause (i) separately for such goods sold to 1 or
more motor vehicle producers; or
(iii) make a separate determination under
clause (i) or (ii) for such goods that are
exported to the territory of Peru or the United
States.
(E) Calculating net cost.--The importer, exporter,
or producer of an automotive good shall, consistent with
the provisions regarding allocation of costs provided
for in generally accepted accounting principles,
determine the net cost of the automotive good under
subparagraph (B) by--
(i) calculating the total cost incurred with
respect to all goods produced by the producer of
the automotive good, subtracting any sales
promotion, marketing, and after-sales service
costs, royalties, shipping and packing costs, and
nonallowable interest costs that are included in
the total cost of all such goods, and then
reasonably allocating the resulting net cost of
those goods to the automotive good;
(ii) calculating the total cost incurred with
respect to all goods produced by that producer,
reasonably allocating the total cost to the
automotive good, and then subtracting any sales
promotion, marketing, and after-sales service
costs, royalties, shipping and packing costs, and
nonallowable interest costs that are included in
the portion of the total cost allocated to the
automotive good; or
(iii) reasonably allocating each cost that
forms part of the total cost incurred with respect
to the automotive good so that the aggregate of
these costs does not include any sales promotion,
marketing, and after-sales service costs,
royalties, shipping and packing costs, or
nonallowable interest costs.

(d) Value of Materials.--
(1) In general.--For the purpose of calculating the regional
value-content of a good under subsection (c), and for purposes
of applying the de minimis rules under subsection (f), the value
of a material is--
(A) in the case of a material that is imported by
the producer of the good, the adjusted value of the
material;
(B) in the case of a material acquired in the
territory in which the good is produced, the value,
determined in accordance with Articles 1 through 8,
Article 15, and the corresponding interpretive notes, of
the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 referred to
in section 101(d)(8) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act
(19 U.S.C. 3511(d)(8)), as set forth in regulations
promulgated by the Secretary of the Treasury providing
for the application of such Articles in the absence of
an importation by the producer; or

[[Page 1465]]
121 STAT. 1465

(C) in the case of a material that is self-produced,
the sum of--
(i) all expenses incurred in the production of
the material, including general expenses; and
(ii) an amount for profit equivalent to the
profit added in the normal course of trade.
(2) Further adjustments to the value of materials.--
(A) Originating material.--The following expenses,
if not included in the value of an originating material
calculated under paragraph (1), may be added to the
value of the originating material:
(i) The costs of freight, insurance, packing,
and all other costs incurred in transporting the
material within or between the territory of Peru,
the United States, or both, to the location of the
producer.
(ii) Duties, taxes, and customs brokerage fees
on the material paid in the territory of Peru, the
United States, or both, other than duties or taxes
that are waived, refunded, refundable, or
otherwise recoverable, including credit against
duty or tax paid or payable.
(iii) The cost of waste and spoilage resulting
from the use of the material in the production of
the good, less the value of renewable scrap or
byproducts.
(B) Nonoriginating material.--The following
expenses, if included in the value of a nonoriginating
material calculated under paragraph (1), may be deducted
from the value of the nonoriginating material:
(i) The costs of freight, insurance, packing,
and all other costs incurred in transporting the
material within or between the territory of Peru,
the United States, or both, to the location of the
producer.
(ii) Duties, taxes, and customs brokerage fees
on the material paid in the territory of Peru, the
United States, or both, other than duties or taxes
that are waived, refunded, refundable, or
otherwise recoverable, including credit against
duty or tax paid or payable.
(iii) The cost of waste and spoilage resulting
from the use of the material in the production of
the good, less the value of renewable scrap or
byproducts.
(iv) The cost of originating materials used in
the production of the nonoriginating material in
the territory of Peru, the United States, or both.

(e) Accumulation.--
(1) Originating materials used in production of goods of
another country.--Originating materials from the territory of
Peru or the United States that are used in the production of a
good in the territory of the other country shall be considered
to originate in the territory of such other country.
(2) Multiple producers.--A good that is produced in the
territory of Peru, the United States, or both, by 1 or more
producers, is an originating good if the good satisfies the
requirements of subsection (b) and all other applicable
requirements of this section.

(f) De Minimis Amounts of Nonoriginating Materials.--

[[Page 1466]]
121 STAT. 1466

(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and
(3), a good that does not undergo a change in tariff
classification pursuant to Annex 4.1 of the Agreement is an
originating good if--
(A)(i) the value of all nonoriginating materials
that--
(I) are used in the production of the good,
and
(II) do not undergo the applicable change in
tariff classification (set forth in Annex 4.1 of
the Agreement),
does not exceed 10 percent of the adjusted value of the
good;
(ii) the good meets all other applicable
requirements of this section; and
(iii) the value of such nonoriginating materials is
included in the value of nonoriginating materials for
any applicable regional value-content requirement for
the good; or
(B) the good meets the requirements set forth in
paragraph 2 of Annex 4.6 of the Agreement.
(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to the
following:
(A) A nonoriginating material provided for in
chapter 4, or a nonoriginating dairy preparation
containing over 10 percent by weight of milk solids
provided for in subheading 1901.90 or 2106.90, that is
used in the production of a good provided for in chapter
4.
(B) A nonoriginating material provided for in
chapter 4, or a nonoriginating dairy preparation
containing over 10 percent by weight of milk solids
provided for in subheading 1901.90, that is used in the
production of any of the following goods:
(i) Infant preparations containing over 10
percent by weight of milk solids provided for in
subheading 1901.10.
(ii) Mixes and doughs, containing over 25
percent by weight of butterfat, not put up for
retail sale, provided for in subheading 1901.20.
(iii) Dairy preparations containing over 10
percent by weight of milk solids provided for in
subheading 1901.90 or 2106.90.
(iv) Goods provided for in heading 2105.
(v) Beverages containing milk provided for in
subheading 2202.90.
(vi) Animal feeds containing over 10 percent
by weight of milk solids provided for in
subheading 2309.90.
(C) A nonoriginating material provided for in
heading 0805, or any of subheadings 2009.11 through
2009.39, that is used in the production of a good
provided for in any of subheadings 2009.11 through
2009.39, or in fruit or vegetable juice of any single
fruit or vegetable, fortified with minerals or vitamins,
concentrated or unconcentrated, provided for in
subheading 2106.90 or 2202.90.
(D) A nonoriginating material provided for in
heading 0901 or 2101 that is used in the production of a
good provided for in heading 0901 or 2101.
(E) A nonoriginating material provided for in
chapter 15 that is used in the production of a good
provided for

[[Page 1467]]
121 STAT. 1467

in any of headings 1501 through 1508, or any of headings
1511 through 1515.
(F) A nonoriginating material provided for in
heading 1701 that is used in the production of a good
provided for in any of headings 1701 through 1703.
(G) A nonoriginating material provided for in
chapter 17 that is used in the production of a good
provided for in subheading 1806.10.
(H) Except as provided in subparagraphs (A) through
(G) and Annex 4.1 of the Agreement, a nonoriginating
material used in the production of a good provided for
in any of chapters 1 through 24, unless the
nonoriginating material is provided for in a different
subheading than the good for which origin is being
determined under this section.
(I) A nonoriginating material that is a textile or
apparel good.
(3) Textile or apparel goods.--
(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph
(B), a textile or apparel good that is not an
originating good because certain fibers or yarns used in
the production of the component of the good that
determines the tariff classification of the good do not
undergo an applicable change in tariff classification,
set forth in Annex 3-A of the Agreement, shall be
considered to be an originating good if--
(i) the total weight of all such fibers or
yarns in that component is not more than 10
percent of the total weight of that component; or
(ii) the yarns are those described in section
204(b)(3)(B)(vi)(IV) of the Andean Trade
Preference Act (19 U.S.C. 3203(b)(3)(B)(vi)(IV))
(as in effect on the date of the enactment of this
Act).
(B) Certain textile or apparel goods.--A textile or
apparel good containing elastomeric yarns in the
component of the good that determines the tariff
classification of the good shall be considered to be an
originating good only if such yarns are wholly formed in
the territory of Peru, the United States, or both.
(C) Yarn, fabric, or fiber.--For purposes of this
paragraph, in the case of a good that is a yarn, fabric,
or fiber, the term ``component of the good that
determines the tariff classification of the good'' means
all of the fibers in the good.

(g) Fungible Goods and Materials.--
(1) In general.--
(A) Claim for preferential tariff treatment.--A
person claiming that a fungible good or fungible
material is an originating good may base the claim
either on the physical segregation of the fungible good
or fungible material or by using an inventory management
method with respect to the fungible good or fungible
material.
(B) Inventory management method.--In this
subsection, the term ``inventory management method''
means--
(i) averaging;
(ii) ``last-in, first-out'';
(iii) ``first-in, first-out''; or

[[Page 1468]]
121 STAT. 1468

(iv) any other method--
(I) recognized in the generally
accepted accounting principles of the
country in which the production is
performed (whether Peru or the United
States); or
(II) otherwise accepted by that
country.
(2) Election of inventory method.--A person selecting an
inventory management method under paragraph (1) for a particular
fungible good or fungible material shall continue to use that
method for that fungible good or fungible material throughout
the fiscal year of such person.

(h) Accessories, Spare Parts, or Tools.--
(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3),
accessories, spare parts, or tools delivered with a good that
form part of the good's standard accessories, spare parts, or
tools shall--
(A) be treated as originating goods if the good is
an originating good; and
(B) be disregarded in determining whether all the
nonoriginating materials used in the production of the
good undergo the applicable change in tariff
classification set forth in Annex 4.1 of the Agreement.
(2) Conditions.--Paragraph (1) shall apply only if--
(A) the accessories, spare parts, or tools are
classified with and not invoiced separately from the
good, regardless of whether such accessories, spare
parts, or tools are specified or are separately
identified in the invoice for the good; and
(B) the quantities and value of the accessories,
spare parts, or tools are customary for the good.
(3) Regional value-content.--If the good is subject to a
regional value-content requirement, the value of the
accessories, spare parts, or tools shall be taken into account
as originating or nonoriginating materials, as the case may be,
in calculating the regional value-content of the good.

(i) Packaging Materials and Containers for Retail Sale.--Packaging
materials and containers in which a good is packaged for retail sale, if
classified with the good, shall be disregarded in determining whether
all the nonoriginating materials used in the production of the good
undergo the applicable change in tariff classification set forth in
Annex 3-A or Annex 4.1 of the Agreement, and, if the good is subject to
a regional value-content requirement, the value of such packaging
materials and containers shall be taken into account as originating or
nonoriginating materials, as the case may be, in calculating the
regional value-content of the good.
(j) Packing Materials and Containers for Shipment.--Packing
materials and containers for shipment shall be disregarded in
determining whether a good is an originating good.
(k) Indirect Materials.--An indirect material shall be treated as an
originating material without regard to where it is produced.
(l) Transit and Transhipment.--A good that has undergone production
necessary to qualify as an originating good under subsection (b) shall
not be considered to be an originating good if, subsequent to that
production, the good--
(1) undergoes further production or any other operation
outside the territory of Peru or the United States, other than

[[Page 1469]]
121 STAT. 1469

unloading, reloading, or any other operation necessary to
preserve the good in good condition or to transport the good to
the territory of Peru or the United States; or
(2) does not remain under the control of customs authorities
in the territory of a country other than Peru or the United
States.

(m) Goods Classifiable as Goods Put Up in Sets.--Notwithstanding the
rules set forth in Annex 3-A and Annex 4.1 of the Agreement, goods
classifiable as goods put up in sets for retail sale as provided for in
General Rule of Interpretation 3 of the HTS shall not be considered to
be originating goods unless--
(1) each of the goods in the set is an originating good; or
(2) the total value of the nonoriginating goods in the set
does not exceed--
(A) in the case of textile or apparel goods, 10
percent of the adjusted value of the set; or
(B) in the case of a good, other than a textile or
apparel good, 15 percent of the adjusted value of the
set.

(n) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Adjusted value.--The term ``adjusted value'' means the
value determined in accordance with Articles 1 through 8,
Article 15, and the corresponding interpretive notes, of the
Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 referred to in section
101(d)(8) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C.
3511(d)(8)), adjusted, if necessary, to exclude any costs,
charges, or expenses incurred for transportation, insurance, and
related services incident to the international shipment of the
merchandise from the country of exportation to the place of
importation.
(2) Class of motor vehicles.--The term ``class of motor
vehicles'' means any one of the following categories of motor
vehicles:
(A) Motor vehicles provided for in subheading
8701.20, 8704.10, 8704.22, 8704.23, 8704.32, or 8704.90,
or heading 8705 or 8706, or motor vehicles for the
transport of 16 or more persons provided for in
subheading 8702.10 or 8702.90.
(B) Motor vehicles provided for in subheading
8701.10 or any of subheadings 8701.30 through 8701.90.
(C) Motor vehicles for the transport of 15 or fewer
persons provided for in subheading 8702.10 or 8702.90,
or motor vehicles provided for in subheading 8704.21 or
8704.31.
(D) Motor vehicles provided for in any of
subheadings 8703.21 through 8703.90.
(3) Fungible good or fungible material.--The term ``fungible
good'' or ``fungible material'' means a good or material, as the
case may be, that is interchangeable with another good or
material for commercial purposes and the properties of which are
essentially identical to such other good or material.
(4) Generally accepted accounting principles.--The term
``generally accepted accounting principles'' means the
recognized consensus or substantial authoritative support in the
territory of Peru or the United States, as the case may be, with
respect to the recording of revenues, expenses, costs, assets,
and liabilities, the disclosure of information, and the

[[Page 1470]]
121 STAT. 1470

preparation of financial statements. The principles may
encompass broad guidelines of general application as well as
detailed standards, practices, and procedures.
(5) Good wholly obtained or produced entirely in the
territory of peru, the united states, or both.--The term ``good
wholly obtained or produced entirely in the territory of Peru,
the United States, or both'' means any of the following:
(A) Plants and plant products harvested or gathered
in the territory of Peru, the United States, or both.
(B) Live animals born and raised in the territory of
Peru, the United States, or both.
(C) Goods obtained in the territory of Peru, the
United States, or both from live animals.
(D) Goods obtained from hunting, trapping, fishing,
or aquaculture conducted in the territory of Peru, the
United States, or both.
(E) Minerals and other natural resources not
included in subparagraphs (A) through (D) that are
extracted or taken from the territory of Peru, the
United States, or both.
(F) Fish, shellfish, and other marine life taken
from the sea, seabed, or subsoil outside the territory
of Peru or the United States by--
(i) a vessel that is registered or recorded
with Peru and flying the flag of Peru; or
(ii) a vessel that is documented under the
laws of the United States.
(G) Goods produced on board a factory ship from
goods referred to in subparagraph (F), if such factory
ship--
(i) is registered or recorded with Peru and
flies the flag of Peru; or
(ii) is a vessel that is documented under the
laws of the United States.
(H)(i) Goods taken by Peru or a person of Peru from
the seabed or subsoil outside the territorial waters of
Peru, if Peru has rights to exploit such seabed or
subsoil.
(ii) Goods taken by the United States or a person of
the United States from the seabed or subsoil outside the
territorial waters of the United States, if the United
States has rights to exploit such seabed or subsoil.
(I) Goods taken from outer space, if the goods are
obtained by Peru or the United States or a person of
Peru or the United States and not processed in the
territory of a country other than Peru or the United
States.
(J) Waste and scrap derived from--
(i) manufacturing or processing operations in
the territory of Peru, the United States, or both;
or
(ii) used goods collected in the territory of
Peru, the United States, or both, if such goods
are fit only for the recovery of raw materials.
(K) Recovered goods derived in the territory of
Peru, the United States, or both, from used goods, and
used in the territory of Peru, the United States, or
both, in the production of remanufactured goods.
(L) Goods, at any stage of production, produced in
the territory of Peru, the United States, or both,
exclusively from--

[[Page 1471]]
121 STAT. 1471

(i) goods referred to in any of subparagraphs
(A) through (J), or
(ii) the derivatives of goods referred to in
clause (i).
(6) Identical goods.--The term ``identical goods'' means
goods that are the same in all respects relevant to the rule of
origin that qualifies the goods as originating goods.
(7) Indirect material.--The term ``indirect material'' means
a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of another
good but not physically incorporated into that other good, or a
good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of
equipment associated with the production of another good,
including--
(A) fuel and energy;
(B) tools, dies, and molds;
(C) spare parts and materials used in the
maintenance of equipment or buildings;
(D) lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and
other materials used in production or used to operate
equipment or buildings;
(E) gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety
equipment, and supplies;
(F) equipment, devices, and supplies used for
testing or inspecting the good;
(G) catalysts and solvents; and
(H) any other goods that are not incorporated into
the other good but the use of which in the production of
the other good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a
part of that production.
(8) Material.--The term ``material'' means a good that is
used in the production of another good, including a part or an
ingredient.
(9) Material that is self-produced.--The term ``material
that is self-produced'' means an originating material that is
produced by a producer of a good and used in the production of
that good.
(10) Model line of motor vehicles.--The term ``model line of
motor vehicles'' means a group of motor vehicles having the same
platform or model name.
(11) Net cost.--The term ``net cost'' means total cost minus
sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs,
royalties, shipping and packing costs, and non-allowable
interest costs that are included in the total cost.
(12) Nonallowable interest costs.--The term ``nonallowable
interest costs'' means interest costs incurred by a producer
that exceed 700 basis points above the applicable official
interest rate for comparable maturities of the country in which
the producer is located.
(13) Nonoriginating good or nonoriginating material.--The
terms ``nonoriginating good'' and ``nonoriginating material''
mean a good or material, as the case may be, that does not
qualify as originating under this section.
(14) Packing materials and containers for shipment.--The
term ``packing materials and containers for shipment'' means
goods used to protect another good during its transportation and
does not include the packaging materials and containers in which
the other good is packaged for retail sale.

[[Page 1472]]
121 STAT. 1472

(15) Preferential tariff treatment.--The term ``preferential
tariff treatment'' means the customs duty rate, and the
treatment under article 2.10.4 of the Agreement, that are
applicable to an originating good pursuant to the Agreement.
(16) Producer.--The term ``producer'' means a person who
engages in the production of a good in the territory of Peru or
the United States.
(17) Production.--The term ``production'' means growing,
mining, harvesting, fishing, raising, trapping, hunting,
manufacturing, processing, assembling, or disassembling a good.
(18) Reasonably allocate.--The term ``reasonably allocate''
means to apportion in a manner that would be appropriate under
generally accepted accounting principles.
(19) Recovered goods.--The term ``recovered goods'' means
materials in the form of individual parts that are the result
of--
(A) the disassembly of used goods into individual
parts; and
(B) the cleaning, inspecting, testing, or other
processing that is necessary for improvement to sound
working condition of such individual parts.
(20) Remanufactured good.--The term ``remanufactured good''
means an industrial good assembled in the territory of Peru or
the United States, or both, that is classified under chapter 84,
85, 87, or 90 or heading 9402, other than a good classified
under heading 8418 or 8516, and that--
(A) is entirely or partially comprised of recovered
goods; and
(B) has a similar life expectancy and enjoys a
factory warranty similar to such a good that is new.
(21) Total cost.--
(A) In general.--The term ``total cost''--
(i) means all product costs, period costs, and
other costs for a good incurred in the territory
of Peru, the United States, or both; and
(ii) does not include profits that are earned
by the producer, regardless of whether they are
retained by the producer or paid out to other
persons as dividends, or taxes paid on those
profits, including capital gains taxes.
(B) Other definitions.--In this paragraph:
(i) Product costs.--The term ``product costs''
means costs that are associated with the
production of a good and include the value of
materials, direct labor costs, and direct
overhead.
(ii) Period costs.--The term ``period costs''
means costs, other than product costs, that are
expensed in the period in which they are incurred,
such as selling expenses and general and
administrative expenses.
(iii) Other costs.--The term ``other costs''
means all costs recorded on the books of the
producer that are not product costs or period
costs, such as interest.
(22) Used.--The term ``used'' means utilized or consumed in
the production of goods.

(o) Presidential Proclamation Authority.--
(1) In general.--The President is authorized to proclaim, as
part of the HTS--

[[Page 1473]]
121 STAT. 1473

(A) the provisions set forth in Annex 3-A and Annex
4.1 of the Agreement; and
(B) any additional subordinate category that is
necessary to carry out this title consistent with the
Agreement.
(2) Fabrics and yarns not available in commercial quantities
in the united states.--The President is authorized to proclaim
that a fabric or yarn is added to the list in Annex 3-B of the
Agreement in an unrestricted quantity, as provided in article
3.3.5(e) of the Agreement.
(3) Modifications.--
(A) In general.--Subject to the consultation and
layover provisions of section 104, the President may
proclaim modifications to the provisions proclaimed
under the authority of paragraph (1)(A), other than
provisions of chapters 50 through 63 (as included in
Annex 3-A of the Agreement).
(B) Additional [NOTE: Deadline.  proclamations.--
Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), and subject to the
consultation and layover provisions of section 104, the
President may proclaim before the end of the 1-year
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this
Act, modifications to correct any typographical,
clerical, or other nonsubstantive technical error
regarding the provisions of chapters 50 through 63 (as
included in Annex 3-A of the Agreement).
(4) Fabrics, yarns, or fibers not available in commercial
quantities in peru and the united states.--
(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (3)(A),
the list of fabrics, yarns, and fibers set forth in
Annex 3-B of the Agreement may be modified as provided
for in this paragraph.
(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
(i) The term ``interested entity'' means the
Government of Peru, a potential or actual
purchaser of a textile or apparel good, or a
potential or actual supplier of a textile or
apparel good.
(ii) All references to ``day'' and ``days''
exclude Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays
observed by the Government of the United States.
(C) Requests to add fabrics, yarns, or fibers.--(i)
An interested entity may request the President to
determine that a fabric, yarn, or fiber is not available
in commercial quantities in a timely manner in Peru and
the United States and to add that fabric, yarn, or fiber
to the list in Annex 3-B of the Agreement in a
restricted or unrestricted quantity.
(ii) After receiving a request under clause (i), the
President may determine whether--
(I) the fabric, yarn, or fiber is available in
commercial quantities in a timely manner in Peru
or the United States; or
(II) any interested entity objects to the
request.
(iii) The President may, within the time periods
specified in clause (iv), proclaim that the fabric,
yarn, or fiber that is the subject of the request is
added to the list in Annex 3-B of the Agreement in an
unrestricted quantity,

[[Page 1474]]
121 STAT. 1474

or in any restricted quantity that the President may
establish, if the President has determined under clause
(ii) that--
(I) the fabric, yarn, or fiber is not
available in commercial quantities in a timely
manner in Peru and the United States; or
(II) no interested entity has objected to the
request.
(iv) The [NOTE: Deadlines. time periods within
which the President may issue a proclamation under
clause (iii) are--
(I) not later than 30 days after the date on
which a request is submitted under clause (i); or
(II) not later than 44 days after the request
is submitted, if the President determines, within
30 days after the date on which the request is
submitted, that the President does not have
sufficient information to make a determination
under clause (ii).
(v) Notwithstanding [NOTE: Effective
date. section 103(a)(2), a proclamation made under
clause (iii) shall take effect on the date on which the
text of the proclamation is published in the Federal
Register.
(vi) Not [NOTE: Deadline. later than 6 months
after proclaiming under clause (iii) that a fabric,
yarn, or fiber is added to the list in Annex 3-B of the
Agreement in a restricted quantity, the President may
eliminate the restriction if the President determines
that the fabric, yarn, or fiber is not available in
commercial quantities in a timely manner in Peru and the
United States.
(D) Deemed [NOTE: Effective date. approval of
request.--If, after an interested entity submits a
request under subparagraph (C)(i), the President does
not, within the applicable time period specified in
subparagraph (C)(iv), make a determination under
subparagraph (C)(ii) regarding the request, the fabric,
yarn, or fiber that is the subject of the request shall
be considered to be added, in an unrestricted quantity,
to the list in Annex 3-B of the Agreement beginning--
(i) 45 days after the date on which the
request was submitted; or
(ii) 60 days after the date on which the
request was submitted, if the President made a
determination under subparagraph (C)(iv)(II).
(E) Requests to restrict or remove fabrics, yarns,
or fibers.--(i) Subject to clause (ii), an interested
entity may request the President to restrict the
quantity of, or remove from the list in Annex 3-B of the
Agreement, any fabric, yarn, or fiber--
(I) that has been added to that list in an
unrestricted quantity pursuant to paragraph (2) or
subparagraph (C)(iii) or (D) of this paragraph; or
(II) with respect to which the President has
eliminated a restriction under subparagraph
(C)(vi).
(ii) An [NOTE: Submission period. interested
entity may submit a request under clause (i) at any time
beginning 6 months after the date of the action
described in subclause (I) or (II) of that clause.
(iii) Not [NOTE: Deadline. later than 30 days
after the date on which a request under clause (i) is
submitted, the President may proclaim an action provided
for under clause (i) if the

[[Page 1475]]
121 STAT. 1475

President determines that the fabric, yarn, or fiber
that is the subject of the request is available in
commercial quantities in a timely manner in Peru or the
United States.
(iv) A [NOTE: Effective date. proclamation under
clause (iii) shall take effect no earlier than the date
that is 6 months after the date on which the text of the
proclamation is published in the Federal Register.
(F) Procedures.--The [NOTE: President. President
shall establish procedures--
(i) governing the submission of a request
under subparagraphs (C) and (E); and
(ii) providing an opportunity for interested
entities to submit comments and supporting
evidence before the President makes a
determination under subparagraph (C) (ii) or (vi)
or (E)(iii).

SEC. 204. CUSTOMS USER FEES.

Section 13031(b) of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation
Act of 1985 (19 U.S.C. 58c(b)) is amended by adding after paragraph (17)
the following:
``(18) No fee may be charged under subsection (a) (9) or (10) with
respect to goods that qualify as originating goods under section 203 of
the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act. Any
service for which an exemption from such fee is provided by reason of
this paragraph may not be funded with money contained in the Customs
User Fee Account.''.

SEC. 205. DISCLOSURE OF INCORRECT INFORMATION; FALSE CERTIFICATIONS OF
ORIGIN; DENIAL OF PREFERENTIAL TARIFF TREATMENT.

(a) Disclosure of Incorrect Information.--Section 592 of the Tariff
Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1592) is amended--
(1) in subsection (c)--
(A) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph
(11); and
(B) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following
new paragraph:
``(10) Prior disclosure regarding claims under the united
states-peru trade promotion agreement.--An importer shall not be
subject to penalties under subsection (a) for making an
incorrect claim that a good qualifies as an originating good
under section 203 of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion
Agreement Implementation Act if the importer, in accordance with
regulations issued by the Secretary of the Treasury, promptly
and voluntarily makes a corrected declaration and pays any
duties owing with respect to that good.''; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

``(i) False Certifications of Origin Under the United States-Peru
Trade Promotion Agreement.--
``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), it is unlawful
for any person to certify falsely, by fraud, gross negligence,
or negligence, in a PTPA certification of origin (as defined in
section 508(h)(1)(B) of this Act) that a good exported from the
United States qualifies as an originating good under the rules
of origin provided for in section 203 of the United States-Peru
Trade Promotion Agreement
Implementation [NOTE: Applicability. Act. The

[[Page 1476]]
121 STAT. 1476

procedures and penalties of this section that apply to a
violation of subsection (a) also apply to a violation of this
subsection.
``(2) Prompt and voluntary disclosure of incorrect
information.--No penalty shall be imposed under this subsection
if, promptly after an exporter or producer that issued a PTPA
certification of origin has reason to believe that such
certification contains or is based on incorrect information, the
exporter or producer voluntarily provides written notice of such
incorrect information to every person to whom the certification
was issued.
``(3) Exception.--A person shall not be considered to have
violated paragraph (1) if--
``(A) the information was correct at the time it was
provided in a PTPA certification of origin but was later
rendered incorrect due to a change in circumstances; and
``(B) the person promptly and voluntarily provides
written notice of the change in circumstances to all
persons to whom the person provided the
certification.''.

(b) Denial of Preferential Tariff Treatment.--Section 514 of the
Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1514) is amended by adding at the end the
following new subsection:
``(i) Denial of Preferential Tariff Treatment Under the United
States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement.--If U.S. Customs and Border
Protection or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement of the Department
of Homeland Security finds indications of a pattern of conduct by an
importer, exporter, or producer of false or unsupported representations
that goods qualify under the rules of origin provided for in section 203
of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act,
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, in accordance with regulations
issued by the Secretary of the Treasury, may suspend preferential tariff
treatment under the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement to
entries of identical goods covered by subsequent representations by that
importer, exporter, or producer until U.S. Customs and Border Protection
determines that representations of that person are in conformity with
such section 203.''.

SEC. 206. RELIQUIDATION OF ENTRIES.

Subsection (d) of section 520 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C.
1520(d)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
(1) by striking ``or''; and
(2) by striking ``for which'' and inserting ``, or section
203 of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement
Implementation Act for which''.

SEC. 207. RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS.

Section 508 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1508) is amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i);
(2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new
subsection:

``(h) Certifications of Origin for Goods Exported Under the United
States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement.--
``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
``(A) Records and supporting documents.--The term
`records and supporting documents' means, with respect

[[Page 1477]]
121 STAT. 1477

to an exported good under paragraph (2), records and
documents related to the origin of the good, including--
``(i) the purchase, cost, and value of, and
payment for, the good;
``(ii) the purchase, cost, and value of, and
payment for, all materials, including indirect
materials, used in the production of the good; and
``(iii) the production of the good in the form
in which it was exported.
``(B) PTPA certification of origin.--The term `PTPA
certification of origin' means the certification
established under article 4.15 of the United States-Peru
Trade Promotion Agreement that a good qualifies as an
originating good under such Agreement.
``(2) Exports to peru.--Any person who completes and issues
a PTPA certification of origin for a good exported from the
United States shall make, keep, and, pursuant to rules and
regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the Treasury, render
for examination and inspection all records and supporting
documents related to the origin of the good (including the
certification or copies thereof).
``(3) Retention period.--The person who issues a PTPA
certification of origin shall keep the records and supporting
documents relating to that certification of origin for a period
of at least 5 years after the date on which the certification is
issued.''; and
(3) in subsection (i), as so redesignated--
(A) by striking ``(f) or (g)'' and inserting ``(f),
(g), or (h)''; and
(B) by striking ``either such subsection'' and
inserting ``any such subsection''.

SEC. 208. ENFORCEMENT RELATING TO TRADE IN TEXTILE OR APPAREL GOODS.

(a) Action During Verification.--
(1) In general.--If the Secretary of the Treasury requests
the Government of Peru to conduct a verification pursuant to
article 3.2 of the Agreement for purposes of making a
determination under paragraph (2), the President may direct the
Secretary to take appropriate action described in subsection (b)
while the verification is being conducted.
(2) Determination.--A determination under this paragraph is
a determination of the Secretary that--
(A) an exporter or producer in Peru is complying
with applicable customs laws, regulations, and
procedures regarding trade in textile or apparel goods;
or
(B) a claim that a textile or apparel good exported
or produced by such exporter or producer--
(i) qualifies as an originating good under
section 203, or
(ii) is a good of Peru,
is accurate.

(b) Appropriate Action Described.--Appropriate action under
subsection (a)(1) includes--
(1) suspension of preferential tariff treatment under the
Agreement with respect to--

[[Page 1478]]
121 STAT. 1478

(A) any textile or apparel good exported or produced
by the person that is the subject of a verification
under subsection (a)(1) regarding compliance described
in subsection (a)(2)(A), if the Secretary determines
that there is insufficient information to support any
claim for preferential tariff treatment that has been
made with respect to any such good; or
(B) the textile or apparel good for which a claim of
preferential tariff treatment has been made that is the
subject of a verification under subsection (a)(1)
regarding a claim described in subsection (a)(2)(B), if
the Secretary determines that there is insufficient
information to support that claim;
(2) denial of preferential tariff treatment under the
Agreement with respect to--
(A) any textile or apparel good exported or produced
by the person that is the subject of a verification
under subsection (a)(1) regarding compliance described
in subsection (a)(2)(A), if the Secretary determines
that the person has provided incorrect information to
support any claim for preferential tariff treatment that
has been made with respect to any such good; or
(B) the textile or apparel good for which a claim of
preferential tariff treatment has been made that is the
subject of a verification under subsection (a)(1)
regarding a claim described in subsection (a)(2)(B), if
the Secretary determines that a person has provided
incorrect information to support that claim;
(3) detention of any textile or apparel good exported or
produced by the person that is the subject of a verification
under subsection (a)(1) regarding compliance described in
subsection (a)(2)(A) or a claim described in subsection
(a)(2)(B), if the Secretary determines that there is
insufficient information to determine the country of origin of
any such good; and
(4) denial of entry into the United States of any textile or
apparel good exported or produced by the person that is the
subject of a verification under subsection (a)(1) regarding
compliance described in subsection (a)(2)(A) or a claim
described in subsection (a)(2)(B), if the Secretary determines
that the person has provided incorrect information as to the
country of origin of any such good.

(c) Action on Completion of a Verification.--On completion of a
verification under subsection (a), the President may direct the
Secretary to take appropriate action described in subsection (d) until
such time as the Secretary receives information sufficient to make the
determination under subsection (a)(2) or until such earlier date as the
President may direct.
(d) Appropriate Action Described.--Appropriate action under
subsection (c) includes--
(1) denial of preferential tariff treatment under the
Agreement with respect to--
(A) any textile or apparel good exported or produced
by the person that is the subject of a verification
under subsection (a)(1) regarding compliance described
in subsection (a)(2)(A), if the Secretary determines
that there is insufficient information to support, or
that the person has provided incorrect information to
support, any claim

[[Page 1479]]
121 STAT. 1479

for preferential tariff treatment that has been made
with respect to any such good; or
(B) the textile or apparel good for which a claim of
preferential tariff treatment has been made that is the
subject of a verification under subsection (a)(1)
regarding a claim described in subsection (a)(2)(B), if
the Secretary determines that there is insufficient
information to support, or that a person has provided
incorrect information to support, that claim; and
(2) denial of entry into the United States of any textile or
apparel good exported or produced by the person that is the
subject of a verification under subsection (a)(1) regarding
compliance described in subsection (a)(2)(A) or a claim
described in subsection (a)(2)(B), if the Secretary determines
that there is insufficient information to determine, or that the
person has provided incorrect information as to, the country of
origin of any such good.

(e) Publication of Name of Person.--In accordance with article 3.2.6
of the Agreement, the Secretary may publish the name of any person that
the Secretary has determined--
(1) is engaged in circumvention of applicable laws,
regulations, or procedures affecting trade in textile or apparel
goods; or
(2) has failed to demonstrate that it produces, or is
capable of producing, textile or apparel goods.

SEC. 209. REGULATIONS.

The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe such regulations as
may be necessary to carry out--
(1) subsections (a) through (n) of section 203;
(2) the amendment made by section 204; and
(3) any proclamation issued under section 203(o).

TITLE III--RELIEF FROM IMPORTS

SEC. 301. DEFINITIONS.

In this title:
(1) Peruvian article.--The term ``Peruvian article'' means
an article that qualifies as an originating good under section
203(b).
(2) Peruvian textile or apparel article.--The term
``Peruvian textile or apparel article'' means a textile or
apparel good (as defined in section 3(4)) that is a Peruvian
article.

Subtitle A--Relief From Imports Benefiting From the Agreement

SEC. 311. COMMENCING OF ACTION FOR RELIEF.

(a) Filing of Petition.--A petition requesting action under this
subtitle for the purpose of adjusting to the obligations of the United
States under the Agreement may be filed with the Commission by an
entity, including a trade association, firm, certified or recognized
union, or group of workers, that is representative of an
industry. [NOTE: Records.  The Commission shall transmit a copy of
any

[[Page 1480]]
121 STAT. 1480

petition filed under this subsection to the United States Trade
Representative.

(b) Investigation and Determination.--Upon the filing of a petition
under subsection (a), the Commission, unless subsection (d) applies,
shall promptly initiate an investigation to determine whether, as a
result of the reduction or elimination of a duty provided for under the
Agreement, a Peruvian article is being imported into the United States
in such increased quantities, in absolute terms or relative to domestic
production, and under such conditions that imports of the Peruvian
article constitute a substantial cause of serious injury or threat
thereof to the domestic industry producing an article that is like, or
directly competitive with, the imported article.
(c) Applicable Provisions.--The following provisions of section 202
of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252) apply with respect to any
investigation initiated under subsection (b):
(1) Paragraphs (1)(B) and (3) of subsection (b).
(2) Subsection (c).
(3) Subsection (i).

(d) Articles Exempt From Investigation.--No investigation may be
initiated under this section with respect to any Peruvian article if,
after the date on which the Agreement enters into force, import relief
has been provided with respect to that Peruvian article under this
subtitle.

SEC. 312. COMMISSION ACTION ON PETITION.

(a) Determination.--Not [NOTE: Deadline. later than 120 days
after the date on which an investigation is initiated under section
311(b) with respect to a petition, the Commission shall make the
determination required under that section.

(b) Applicable Provisions.--For purposes of this subtitle, the
provisions of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 330(d) of the
Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1330(d) (1), (2), and (3)) shall be
applied with respect to determinations and findings made under this
section as if such determinations and findings were made under section
202 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252).
(c) Additional Finding and Recommendation if Determination
Affirmative.--
(1) In general.--If the determination made by the Commission
under subsection (a) with respect to imports of an article is
affirmative, or if the President may consider a determination of
the Commission to be an affirmative determination as provided
for under paragraph (1) of section 330(d) of the Tariff Act of
1930 (19 U.S.C. 1330(d)), the Commission shall find, and
recommend to the President in the report required under
subsection (d), the amount of import relief that is necessary to
remedy or prevent the injury found by the Commission in the
determination and to facilitate the efforts of the domestic
industry to make a positive adjustment to import competition.
(2) Limitation on relief.--The import relief recommended by
the Commission under this subsection shall be limited to the
relief described in section 313(c).
(3) Voting; separate views.--Only those members of the
Commission who voted in the affirmative under subsection (a) are
eligible to vote on the proposed action to remedy or prevent the
injury found by the Commission. Members of the

[[Page 1481]]
121 STAT. 1481

Commission who did not vote in the affirmative may submit, in
the report required under subsection (d), separate views
regarding what action, if any, should be taken to remedy or
prevent the injury.

(d) Report to President.--Not later than the date that is 30 days
after the date on which a determination is made under subsection (a)
with respect to an investigation, the Commission shall submit to the
President a report that includes--
(1) the determination made under subsection (a) and an
explanation of the basis for the determination;
(2) if the determination under subsection (a) is
affirmative, any findings and recommendations for import relief
made under subsection (c) and an explanation of the basis for
each recommendation; and
(3) any dissenting or separate views by members of the
Commission regarding the determination referred to in paragraph
(1) and any finding or recommendation referred to in paragraph
(2).

(e) Public Notice.--Upon [NOTE: Federal Register,
publication. submitting a report to the President under subsection
(d), the Commission shall promptly make public the report (with the
exception of information which the Commission determines to be
confidential) and shall publish a summary of the report in the Federal
Register.

SEC. 313. [NOTE: President. PROVISION OF RELIEF.

(a) In General.--Not [NOTE: Deadline. later than the date that is
30 days after the date on which the President receives the report of the
Commission in which the Commission's determination under section 312(a)
is affirmative, or which contains a determination under section 312(a)
that the President considers to be affirmative under paragraph (1) of
section 330(d) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1330(d)(1)), the
President, subject to subsection (b), shall provide relief from imports
of the article that is the subject of such determination to the extent
that the President determines necessary to remedy or prevent the injury
found by the Commission and to facilitate the efforts of the domestic
industry to make a positive adjustment to import competition.

(b) Exception.--The President is not required to provide import
relief under this section if the President determines that the provision
of the import relief will not provide greater economic and social
benefits than costs.
(c) Nature of Relief.--
(1) In general.--The import relief that the President is
authorized to provide under this section with respect to imports
of an article is as follows:
(A) The suspension of any further reduction provided
for under Annex 2.3 of the Agreement in the duty imposed
on the article.
(B) An increase in the rate of duty imposed on the
article to a level that does not exceed the lesser of--
(i) the column 1 general rate of duty imposed
under the HTS on like articles at the time the
import relief is provided; or
(ii) the column 1 general rate of duty imposed
under the HTS on like articles on the day before
the date on which the Agreement enters into force.

[[Page 1482]]
121 STAT. 1482

(2) Progressive liberalization.--If the period for which
import relief is provided under this section is greater than 1
year, the President shall provide for the progressive
liberalization (described in article 8.2.2 of the Agreement) of
such relief at regular intervals during the period of its
application.

(d) Period of Relief.--
(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), any import relief
that the President provides under this section may not be in
effect for more than 2 years.
(2) Extension.--
(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (C), the
President, after receiving a determination from the
Commission under subparagraph (B) that is affirmative,
or which the President considers to be affirmative under
paragraph (1) of section 330(d) of the Tariff Act of
1930 (19 U.S.C. 1330(d)(1)), may extend the effective
period of any import relief provided under this section
by up to 2 years, if the President determines that--
(i) the import relief continues to be
necessary to remedy or prevent serious injury and
to facilitate adjustment by the domestic industry
to import competition; and
(ii) there is evidence that the industry is
making a positive adjustment to import
competition.
(B) Action by commission.--
(i) Investigation.--Upon a [NOTE: Filing
period. petition on behalf of the industry
concerned that is filed with the Commission not
earlier than the date that is 9 months, and not
later than the date that is 6 months, before the
date on which any action taken under subsection
(a) is to terminate, the Commission shall conduct
an investigation to determine whether action under
this section continues to be necessary to remedy
or prevent serious injury and whether there is
evidence that the industry is making a positive
adjustment to import competition.
(ii) Notice and hearing.--The [NOTE: Federal
Register, publication. Commission shall publish
notice of the commencement of any proceeding under
this subparagraph in the Federal Register and
shall, within a reasonable time thereafter, hold a
public hearing at which the Commission shall
afford interested parties and consumers an
opportunity to be present, to present evidence,
and to respond to the presentations of other
parties and consumers, and otherwise to be heard.
(iii) Report.--The Commission shall submit to
the President a report on its investigation and
determination under this subparagraph not later
than 60 days before the action under subsection
(a) is to terminate, unless the President
specifies a different date.
(C) Period of import relief.--Any import relief
provided under this section, including any extensions
thereof, may not, in the aggregate, be in effect for
more than 4 years.

(e) Rate After Termination of Import Relief.--When import relief
under this section is terminated with respect to an article--

[[Page 1483]]
121 STAT. 1483

(1) the rate of duty on that article after such termination
and on or before December 31 of the year in which such
termination occurs shall be the rate that, according to the
Schedule of the United States to Annex 2.3 of the Agreement,
would have been in effect 1 year after the provision of relief
under subsection (a); and
(2) the rate of duty for that article after December 31 of
the year in which such termination occurs shall be, at the
discretion of the President, either--
(A) the applicable rate of duty for that article set
forth in the Schedule of the United States to Annex 2.3
of the Agreement; or
(B) the rate of duty resulting from the elimination
of the tariff in equal annual stages ending on the date
set forth in the Schedule of the United States to Annex
2.3 of the Agreement for the elimination of the tariff.

(f) Articles Exempt From Relief.--No import relief may be provided
under this section on--
(1) any article that is subject to import relief under--
(A) subtitle B; or
(B) chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974
(19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.); or
(2) any article on which an additional duty assessed under
section 202(b) is in effect.

SEC. 314. TERMINATION OF RELIEF AUTHORITY.

(a) General Rule.--Subject to subsection (b), no import relief may
be provided under this subtitle after the date that is 10 years after
the date on which the Agreement enters into force.
(b) Exception.--If an article for which relief is provided under
this subtitle is an article for which the period for tariff elimination,
set forth in the Schedule of the United States to Annex 2.3 of the
Agreement, is greater than 10 years, no relief under this subtitle may
be provided for that article after the date on which that period ends.

SEC. 315. COMPENSATION AUTHORITY.

For purposes of section 123 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C.
2133), any import relief provided by the President under section 313
shall be treated as action taken under chapter 1 of title II of such Act
(19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.).

SEC. 316. CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION.

Section 202(a)(8) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252(a)(8)) is
amended in the first sentence--
(1) by striking ``and''; and
(2) by inserting before the period at the end ``, and title
III of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement
Implementation Act''.

Subtitle B--Textile and Apparel Safeguard Measures

SEC. 321. COMMENCEMENT [NOTE: President. OF ACTION FOR RELIEF.

(a) In General.--A request for action under this subtitle for the
purpose of adjusting to the obligations of the United States

[[Page 1484]]
121 STAT. 1484

under the Agreement may be filed with the President by an interested
party. Upon the filing of a request, the President shall review the
request to determine, from information presented in the request, whether
to commence consideration of the request.
(b) Publication of Request.--If the [NOTE: Federal Register,
publication. President determines that the request under subsection
(a) provides the information necessary for the request to be considered,
the President shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of
commencement of consideration of the request, and notice seeking public
comments regarding the request. The notice shall include a summary of
the request and the dates by which comments and rebuttals must be
received.

SEC. 322. [NOTE: President. DETERMINATION AND PROVISION OF RELIEF.

(a) Determination.--
(1) In general.--If a positive determination is made under
section 321(b), the President shall determine whether, as a
result of the elimination of a duty under the Agreement, a
Peruvian textile or apparel article is being imported into the
United States in such increased quantities, in absolute terms or
relative to the domestic market for that article, and under such
conditions as to cause serious damage, or actual threat thereof,
to a domestic industry producing an article that is like, or
directly competitive with, the imported article.
(2) Serious damage.--In making a determination under
paragraph (1), the President--
(A) shall examine the effect of increased imports on
the domestic industry, as reflected in changes in such
relevant economic factors as output, productivity,
utilization of capacity, inventories, market share,
exports, wages, employment, domestic prices, profits and
losses, and investment, no one of which is necessarily
decisive; and
(B) shall not consider changes in consumer
preference or changes in technology in the United States
as factors supporting a determination of serious damage
or actual threat thereof.

(b) Provision of Relief.--
(1) In general.--If a determination under subsection (a) is
affirmative, the President may provide relief from imports of
the article that is the subject of such determination, as
provided in paragraph (2), to the extent that the President
determines necessary to remedy or prevent the serious damage and
to facilitate adjustment by the domestic industry.
(2) Nature of relief.--The relief that the President is
authorized to provide under this subsection with respect to
imports of an article is an increase in the rate of duty imposed
on the article to a level that does not exceed the lesser of--
(A) the column 1 general rate of duty imposed under
the HTS on like articles at the time the import relief
is provided; or
(B) the column 1 general rate of duty imposed under
the HTS on like articles on the day before the date on
which the Agreement enters into force.

SEC. 323. PERIOD OF RELIEF.

(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the import relief that
the President provides under section 322(b) may not be in effect for
more than 2 years.
(b) Extension.--

[[Page 1485]]
121 STAT. 1485

(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the President may
extend the effective period of any import relief provided under
this subtitle for a period of not more than 1 year, if the
President determines that--
(A) the import relief continues to be necessary to
remedy or prevent serious damage and to facilitate
adjustment by the domestic industry to import
competition; and
(B) there is evidence that the industry is making a
positive adjustment to import competition.
(2) Limitation.--Any relief provided under this subtitle,
including any extensions thereof, may not, in the aggregate, be
in effect for more than 3 years.

SEC. 324. ARTICLES EXEMPT FROM RELIEF.

The President may not provide import relief under this subtitle with
respect to an article if--
(1) import relief previously has been provided under this
subtitle with respect to that article; or
(2) the article is subject to import relief under--
(A) subtitle A; or
(B) chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974
(19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.).

SEC. 325. RATE AFTER TERMINATION OF IMPORT RELIEF.

On the date on which import relief under this subtitle is terminated
with respect to an article, the rate of duty on that article shall be
the rate that would have been in effect, but for the provision of such
relief.

SEC. 326. TERMINATION OF RELIEF AUTHORITY.

No import relief may be provided under this subtitle with respect to
any article after the date that is 5 years after the date on which the
Agreement enters into force.

SEC. 327. COMPENSATION AUTHORITY.

For purposes of section 123 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C.
2133), any import relief provided by the President under this subtitle
shall be treated as action taken under chapter 1 of title II of such Act
(19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.).

SEC. 328. CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION.

The President may not release information received in connection
with an investigation or determination under this subtitle which the
President considers to be confidential business information unless the
party submitting the confidential business information had notice, at
the time of submission, that such information would be released by the
President, or such party subsequently consents to the release of the
information. To the extent a party submits confidential business
information, the party shall also provide a nonconfidential version of
the information in which the confidential business information is
summarized or, if necessary, deleted.

[[Page 1486]]
121 STAT. 1486

Subtitle C--Cases Under Title II of the Trade Act of 1974

SEC. 331. FINDINGS AND ACTION ON GOODS OF PERU.

(a) Effect [NOTE: Reports. of Imports.--If, in any investigation
initiated under chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 (19
U.S.C. 2251 et seq.), the Commission makes an affirmative determination
(or a determination which the President may treat as an affirmative
determination under such chapter by reason of section 330(d) of the
Tariff Act of 1930), the Commission shall also find (and report to the
President at the time such injury determination is submitted to the
President) whether imports of the article of Peru that qualify as
originating goods under section 203(b) are a substantial cause of
serious injury or threat thereof.

(b) Presidential Determination Regarding Imports of Peru.--In
determining the nature and extent of action to be taken under chapter 1
of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.), the
President may exclude from the action goods of Peru with respect to
which the Commission has made a negative finding under subsection (a).

TITLE IV--PROCUREMENT

SEC. 401. ELIGIBLE PRODUCTS.

Section 308(4)(A) of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C.
2518(4)(A)) is amended--
(1) by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (v);
(2) by striking the period at the end of clause (vi) and
inserting ``; or''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
``(vii) a party to the United States-Peru
Trade Promotion Agreement, a product or service of
that country or instrumentality which is covered
under that agreement for procurement by the United
States.''.

TITLE V--TRADE IN TIMBER PRODUCTS OF PERU

SEC. 501. ENFORCEMENT RELATING TO TRADE IN TIMBER PRODUCTS OF PERU.

(a) Establishment of [NOTE: Deadline. President. Interagency
Committee.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the Agreement
enters into force, the President shall establish an Interagency
Committee (in this section referred to as the ``Committee''). The
Committee shall be responsible for overseeing the implementation of
Annex 18.3.4 of the Agreement, including by undertaking such actions and
making such determinations provided for in this section that are not
otherwise authorized under law.

(b) Audit.--The Committee may request that the Government of Peru
conduct an audit, pursuant to paragraph 6(b) of Annex 18.3.4 of the
Agreement, to determine whether a particular producer

[[Page 1487]]
121 STAT. 1487

or exporter in Peru is complying with all applicable laws, regulations,
and other measures of Peru governing the harvest of, and trade in,
timber products.
(c) Verification.--
(1) In general.--The Committee may request the Government of
Peru to conduct a verification, pursuant to paragraph 7 of Annex
18.3.4 of the Agreement, for the purpose of determining whether,
with respect to a particular shipment of timber products from
Peru to the United States, the producer or exporter of the
products has complied with applicable laws, regulations, and
other measures of Peru governing the harvest of, and trade in,
the products.
(2) Actions of committee.--If the Committee requests a
verification under paragraph (1), the Committee shall--
(A) to the extent authorized under law, provide the
Government of Peru with trade and transit documents and
other information to assist Peru in conducting the
verification; and
(B) direct U.S. Customs and Border Protection to
take any appropriate action described in paragraph (4).
(3) Request to participate in verification visit.--The
Committee may request the Government of Peru to permit officials
of any agency represented on the Committee to participate in any
visit conducted by Peru of the premises of a person that is the
subject of the verification requested under paragraph (1) (in
this section referred to as a ``verification
visit''). [NOTE: Deadline. Such request shall be submitted in
writing not later than 10 days before any scheduled verification
visit and shall identify the names and titles of the officials
intending to participate.
(4) Appropriate action pending the results of
verification.--While the results of a verification requested
under paragraph (1) are pending, the Committee may direct U.S.
Customs and Border Protection to--
(A) detain the shipment that is the subject of the
verification; or
(B) if the Committee has requested under paragraph
(3) to have an official of any agency represented on the
Committee participate in the verification visit and the
Government of Peru has denied the request, deny entry to
the shipment that is the subject of the verification.
(5) Determination upon receipt of report.--
(A) In general.--Within a reasonable time after the
Government of Peru provides a report to the Committee
describing the results of a verification requested under
paragraph (1), the Committee shall determine whether any
action is appropriate.
(B) Determination of appropriate action.--In
determining the appropriate action to take and the
duration of the action, the Committee shall consider any
relevant factors, including--
(i) the verification report issued by the
Government of Peru;
(ii) any information that officials of the
United States have obtained regarding the shipment
or person that is the subject of the verification;
and
(iii) any information that officials of the
United States have obtained during a verification
visit.

[[Page 1488]]
121 STAT. 1488

(6) Notification.--Before directing that action be taken
under paragraph (7), the Committee shall notify the Government
of Peru in writing of the action that will be taken and the
duration of the action.
(7) Appropriate action.--If the Committee makes an
affirmative determination under paragraph (5), it may take any
action with respect to the shipment that was the subject of the
verification, or the products of the relevant producer or
exporter, that the Committee considers appropriate, including
directing U.S. Customs and Border Protection to--
(A) deny entry to the shipment;
(B) if a determination has been made that a producer
or exporter has knowingly provided false information to
officials of Peru or the United States regarding a
shipment, deny entry to products of that producer or
exporter derived from any tree species listed in
Appendices to the Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, done at
Washington March 3, 1973 (27 UST 1087; TIAS 8249); or
(C) take any other action the Committee determines
to be appropriate.
(8) Termination [NOTE: Deadline. of appropriate action.--
Any action under paragraph (7)(B) shall terminate not later than
the later of--
(A) the end of the period specified in the written
notification pursuant to paragraph (6); or
(B) 15 days after the date on which the Government
of Peru submits to the United States the results of an
audit under paragraph 6 of Annex 18.3.4 of the Agreement
that concludes that the person has complied with all
applicable laws, regulations, and other measures of Peru
governing the harvest of, and trade in, timber products.
(9) Failure to provide verification report.--If the
Committee determines that the Government of Peru has failed to
provide a verification report, as required by paragraph 12 of
Annex 18.3.4 of the Agreement, the Committee may take such
action with respect to the relevant exporter's timber products
as the Committee considers appropriate, including any action
described in paragraph (7).

(d) Confidentiality of Information.--The Committee and any agency
represented on the Committee shall not disclose to the public, except
with the specific permission of the Government of Peru, any documents or
information received in the course of an audit under subsection (b) or
in the course of a verification under subsection (c).
(e) Publicly Available Information.--The Committee shall make any
information exchanged with Peru under paragraph 17 of Annex 18.3.4 of
the Agreement publicly available in a timely manner, in accordance with
paragraph 18 of Annex 18.3.4 of the Agreement.
(f) Coordination With Other Laws.--
(1) Endangered species act; lacey act.--In implementing this
section, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of the
Interior, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary
of the Treasury shall provide for appropriate coordination with
the administration of the Endangered Species

[[Page 1489]]
121 STAT. 1489

Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) and the Lacey Act
Amendments of 1981 (16 U.S.C. 3371 et seq.).
(2) Other laws.--Nothing in this section supersedes or
limits in any manner the functions or authority of the Secretary
of Agriculture, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of
Homeland Security, or the Secretary of the Treasury under any
other law, including laws relating to prohibited or restricted
importations or possession of animals, plants, or other
articles.
(3) Effect of determination.--No determination under this
section shall preclude any proceeding or be considered
determinative of any issue of fact or law in any proceeding
under any law administered by the Secretary of Agriculture, the
Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Homeland Security,
or the Secretary of the Treasury.

(g) Further [NOTE: Regulations. Implementation.--The Secretary of
Agriculture, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Homeland
Security, and the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the
Committee, shall prescribe such regulations as are necessary to carry
out this section.

(h) Resources for [NOTE: Deadline. President. Implementation.--
Not later than 90 days after the date on which the Agreement enters into
force, and as appropriate thereafter, the President shall consult with
the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and
Means of the House of Representatives on the resources, including
staffing, needed to implement Annex 18.3.4 of the Agreement.

SEC. 502. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

(a) In General.--The United States Trade Representative, in
consultation with the appropriate agencies, including U.S. Customs and
Border Protection, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Forest Service, and the
Department of State, shall report to the Committee on Finance of the
Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of
Representatives on--
(1) steps the United States and Peru have taken to carry out
Annex 18.3.4 of the Agreement; and
(2) activities related to forest sector governance carried
out under the Environmental Cooperation Agreement entered into
between the United States and Peru on July 24, 2006.

(b) Timing of Report.--The United States Trade Representative shall
report to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on
Ways and Means of the House of Representatives under subsection (a)--
(1) not later than 1 year after the date on which the
Agreement enters into force;
(2) not later than 2 years after the date on which the
Agreement enters into force; and
(3) periodically thereafter.

TITLE VI--OFFSETS

SEC. 601. CUSTOMS USER FEES.

(a) Section 13031(j)(3)(A) of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget
Reconciliation Act of 1985 (19 U.S.C. 58c(j)(3)(A)) is amended by
striking ``October 21, 2014'' and inserting ``December 13, 2014''.

[[Page 1490]]
121 STAT. 1490

(b) Section 13031(j)(3)(B)(i) of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget
Reconciliation Act of 1985 (19 U.S.C. 58c(j)(3)(B)(i)) is amended by
striking ``October 7, 2014'' and inserting ``December 13, 2014''.

SEC. 602. TIME FOR PAYMENT OF CORPORATE ESTIMATED TAXES.

Subparagraph (B) of section 401(1) of the Tax Increase Prevention
and Reconciliation Act of 2005 (26 U.S.C. 6655 note) is amended by
striking ``115 percent'' and inserting ``115.75 percent''.

Approved December 14, 2007.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 3688 (S. 2113):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

HOUSE REPORTS: No. 110-421 (Comm. on Ways and Means).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 153 (2007):
Nov. 7, 8, considered and passed House.
Dec. 3, 4, considered and passed Senate.
WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 43 (2007):
Dec. 14, Presidential remarks.