[United States Statutes at Large, Volume 121, 110th Congress, 1st Session] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov] 121 STAT. 777 Public Law 110-82 110th Congress An Act To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint and issue coins in commemoration of Native Americans and the important contributions made by Indian tribes and individual Native Americans to the development of the United States and the history of the United States, and for other purposes. [NOTE: Sept. 20, 2007 - [H.R. 2358] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress [NOTE: Native American $1 Coin Act. 31 USC 5101 note.] assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Native American $1 Coin Act''. SEC. 2. NATIVE AMERICAN $1 COIN PROGRAM. Section 5112 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(r) Redesign and Issuance of Circulating $1 Coins Honoring Native Americans and the Important Contributions Made by Indian Tribes and Individual Native Americans in United States History.-- ``(1) Redesign beginning in 2008.-- ``(A) In general.--Effective beginning January 1, 2008, notwithstanding subsection (d), in addition to the coins to be issued pursuant to subsection (n), and in accordance with this subsection, the Secretary shall mint and issue $1 coins that-- ``(i) have as the designs on the obverse the so-called `Sacagawea design'; and ``(ii) have a design on the reverse selected in accordance with paragraph (2)(A), subject to paragraph (3)(A). ``(B) [NOTE: Applicability.] Delayed date.--If the date of the enactment of the Native American $1 Coin Act is after August 25, 2007, subparagraph (A) shall be applied by substituting `2009' for `2008'. ``(2) Design requirements.--The $1 coins issued in accordance with paragraph (1) shall meet the following design requirements: ``(A) Coin reverse.--The design on the reverse shall bear-- ``(i) images celebrating the important contributions made by Indian tribes and individual Native Americans to the development of the United States and the history of the United States; ``(ii) the inscription `$1'; and ``(iii) the inscription `United States of America'. ``(B) Coin obverse.--The design on the obverse shall-- [[Page 778]] 121 STAT. 778 ``(i) be chosen by the Secretary, after consultation with the Commission of Fine Arts and review by the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee; and ``(ii) contain the so-called `Sacagawea design' and the inscription `Liberty'. ``(C) Edge-incused inscriptions.-- ``(i) In general.--The inscription of the year of minting and issuance of the coin and the inscriptions `E Pluribus Unum' and `In God We Trust' shall be edge-incused into the coin. ``(ii) Preservation of distinctive edge.--The edge-incusing of the inscriptions under clause (i) on coins issued under this subsection shall be done in a manner that preserves the distinctive edge of the coin so that the denomination of the coin is readily discernible, including by individuals who are blind or visually impaired. ``(D) Reverse design selection.--The designs selected for the reverse of the coins described under this subsection-- ``(i) shall be chosen by the Secretary after consultation with the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate, the Congressional Native American Caucus of the House of Representatives, the Commission of Fine Arts, and the National Congress of American Indians; ``(ii) shall be reviewed by the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee; ``(iii) may depict individuals and events such as-- ``(I) the creation of Cherokee written language; ``(II) the Iroquois Confederacy; ``(III) Wampanoag Chief Massasoit; ``(IV) the `Pueblo Revolt'; ``(V) Olympian Jim Thorpe; ``(VI) Ely S. Parker, a general on the staff of General Ulysses S. Grant and later head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs; and ``(VII) code talkers who served the United States Armed Forces during World War I and World War II; and ``(iv) in the case of a design depicting the contribution of an individual Native American to the development of the United States and the history of the United States, shall not depict the individual in a size such that the coin could be considered to be a `2-headed' coin. ``(3) Issuance of coins commemorating 1 native american event during each year.-- ``(A) In general.--Each design for the reverse of the $1 coins issued during each year shall be emblematic of 1 important Native American or Native American contribution each year. ``(B) Issuance period.--Each $1 coin minted with a design on the reverse in accordance with this subsection for any year shall be issued during the 1-year period beginning on January 1 of that year and shall be available throughout the entire 1-year period. [[Page 779]] 121 STAT. 779 ``(C) Order of issuance of designs.--Each coin issued under this subsection commemorating Native Americans and their contributions-- ``(i) shall be issued, to the maximum extent practicable, in the chronological order in which the Native Americans lived or the events occurred, until the termination of the coin program described in subsection (n); and ``(ii) thereafter shall be issued in any order determined to be appropriate by the Secretary, after consultation with the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate, the Congressional Native American Caucus of the House of Representatives, and the National Congress of American Indians. ``(4) Issuance of numismatic coins.--The Secretary may mint and issue such number of $1 coins of each design selected under this subsection in uncirculated and proof qualities as the Secretary determines to be appropriate. ``(5) Quantity.--The number of $1 coins minted and issued in a year with the Sacagawea-design on the obverse shall be not less than 20 percent of the total number of $1 coins minted and issued in such year.''. SEC. 3. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS. Section 5112(n)(1) of title 31, United States Code, is amended-- (1) by striking the paragraph designation and heading and all that follows through ``Notwithstanding subsection (d)'' and inserting the following: ``(1) Redesign beginning in 2007.--Notwithstanding subsection (d)''; (2) by striking subparagraph (B); and (3) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting the subparagraphs appropriately. SEC. 4. [NOTE: 31 USC 5112 note.] REMOVAL OF BARRIERS TO CIRCULATION OF $1 COIN. (a) In General.--In order to remove barriers to circulation, the Secretary of the Treasury shall carry out an aggressive, cost-effective, continuing campaign to encourage commercial enterprises to accept and dispense $1 coins that have as designs on the obverse the so-called ``Sacagawea design''. [[Page 780]] 121 STAT. 780 (b) Report.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to Congress an annual report on the success of the efforts described in subsection (a). Approved September 20, 2007. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 2358: --------------------------------------------------------------------------- CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 153 (2007): June 12, considered and passed House. Aug. 3, considered and passed Senate, amended. Sept. 4, House concurred in Senate amendment.