[United States Statutes at Large, Volume 124, 111th Congress, 2nd Session]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


Public Law 111-350
111th Congress

An Act


 
To enact certain laws relating to public contracts as title 41, United
States Code, ``Public Contracts''. <>

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1.  Table of contents.
Sec. 2.  Purpose; conformity with original intent.
Sec. 3.  Enactment of Title 41, United States Code.
Sec. 4.  Conforming amendment.
Sec. 5.  Conforming cross-references.
Sec. 6.  Transitional and savings provisions.
Sec. 7.  Repeals.

SEC. 2. <>  PURPOSE; CONFORMITY WITH
ORIGINAL INTENT.

(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this Act is to enact certain laws
relating to public contracts as title 41, United States Code, ``Public
Contracts''.
(b) Conformity With Original Intent.--In the codification of laws by
this Act, the intent is to conform to the understood policy, intent, and
purpose of Congress in the original enactments, with such amendments and
corrections as will remove ambiguities, contradictions, and other
imperfections, in accordance with section 205(c)(1) of House Resolution
No. 988, 93d Congress, as enacted into law by Public Law 93-554 (2
U.S.C. 285b(1)).

SEC. 3. <>  ENACTMENT OF TITLE 41, UNITED
STATES CODE.

Certain general and permanent laws of the United States, related to
public contracts, are revised, codified, and enacted as title 41, United
States Code, ``Public Contracts'', as follows:

TITLE 41--PUBLIC CONTRACTS

Subtitle                                                            Sec.
FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY                               101
OTHER ADVERTISING AND CONTRACT PROVISIONS               6101
CONTRACT DISPUTES                                       7101
MISCELLANEOUS                                           8101

Subtitle I--Federal Procurement Policy

Division A--General

Chapter                                                             Sec.
Definitions                                              101

[[Page 3678]]

Division B--Office of Federal Procurement Policy

Establishment of Office and Authority and Functions of  1101
Administrator
Acquisition Councils                                    1301
Cost Accounting Standards                               1501
Agency Responsibilities and Procedures                  1701
Simplified Acquisition Procedures                       1901
Restrictions on Obtaining and Disclosing Certain        2101
Information
Miscellaneous                                           2301

Division C--Procurement

General                                                 3101
Planning and Solicitation                               3301
Truthful Cost or Pricing Data                           3501
Awarding of Contracts                                   3701
Specific Types of Contracts                             3901
Task and Delivery Order Contracts                       4101
Allowable Costs                                         4301
Contract Financing                                      4501
Miscellaneous                                           4701

Division A--General

CHAPTER 1--DEFINITIONS

SUBCHAPTER I--SUBTITLE DEFINITIONS

Sec.
101.  Administrator.
102.  Commercial component.
103.  Commercial item.
104.  Commercially available off-the-shelf item.
105.  Component.
106.  Federal Acquisition Regulation.
107.  Full and open competition.
108.  Item and item of supply.
109.  Major system.
110.  Nondevelopmental item.
111.  Procurement.
112.  Procurement system.
113.  Responsible source.
114.  Standards.
115.  Supplies.
116.  Technical data.

SUBCHAPTER II--DIVISION B DEFINITIONS

131.  Acquisition.
132.  Competitive procedures.
133.  Executive agency.
134.  Simplified acquisition threshold.

SUBCHAPTER III--DIVISION C DEFINITIONS

151.  Agency head.
152.  Competitive procedures.
153.  Simplified acquisition threshold for contract in support of
humanitarian or peacekeeping operation.

SUBCHAPTER I--SUBTITLE DEFINITIONS

Sec. 101. Administrator

In this subtitle, the term ``Administrator'' means the Administrator
for Federal Procurement Policy appointed under section 1102 of this
title.

Sec. 102. Commercial component

In this subtitle, the term ``commercial component'' means a component
that is a commercial item.

[[Page 3679]]

Sec. 103. Commercial item

In this subtitle, the term ``commercial item'' means--
(1) an item, other than real property, that--
(A) is of a type customarily used by the general
public or by nongovernmental entities for purposes other
than governmental purposes; and
(B) has been sold, leased, or licensed, or offered for
sale, lease, or license, to the general public;
(2) an item that--
(A) evolved from an item described in paragraph (1)
through advances in technology or performance; and
(B) is not yet available in the commercial marketplace
but will be available in the commercial marketplace in
time to satisfy the delivery requirements under a
Federal Government solicitation;
(3) an item that would satisfy the criteria in paragraph (1)
or (2) were it not for--
(A) modifications of a type customarily available in
the commercial marketplace; or
(B) minor modifications made to meet Federal
Government requirements;
(4) any combination of items meeting the requirements of
paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (5) that are of a type customarily
combined and sold in combination to the general public;
(5) installation services, maintenance services, repair
services, training services, and other services if--
(A) those services are procured for support of an item
referred to in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4),
regardless of whether the services are provided by the
same source or at the same time as the item; and
(B) the source of the services provides similar
services contemporaneously to the general public under
terms and conditions similar to those offered to the
Federal Government;
(6) services offered and sold competitively, in substantial
quantities, in the commercial marketplace based on established
catalog or market prices for specific tasks performed or
specific outcomes to be achieved and under standard commercial
terms and conditions;
(7) any item, combination of items, or service referred to in
paragraphs (1) to (6) even though the item, combination of
items, or service is transferred between or among separate
divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor; or
(8) a nondevelopmental item if the procuring agency
determines, in accordance with conditions in the Federal
Acquisition Regulation, that the item was developed exclusively
at private expense and has been sold in substantial quantities,
on a competitive basis, to multiple State and local governments.

Sec. 104. Commercially available off-the-shelf item

In this subtitle, the term ``commercially available off-the-shelf
item''--
(1) means an item that--
(A) is a commercial item (as described in section
103(1) of this title);
(B) is sold in substantial quantities in the
commercial marketplace; and

[[Page 3680]]

(C) is offered to the Federal Government, without
modification, in the same form in which it is sold in
the commercial marketplace; but
(2) does not include bulk cargo, as defined in section
40102(4) of title 46, such as agricultural products and
petroleum products.

Sec. 105. Component

In this subtitle, the term ``component'' means an item supplied to the
Federal Government as part of an end item or of another component.

Sec. 106. Federal Acquisition Regulation

In this subtitle, the term ``Federal Acquisition Regulation'' means
the regulation issued under section 1303(a)(1) of this title.

Sec. 107. Full and open competition

In this subtitle, the term ``full and open competition'', when used
with respect to a procurement, means that all responsible sources are
permitted to submit sealed bids or competitive proposals on the
procurement.

Sec. 108. Item and item of supply

In this subtitle, the terms ``item'' and ``item of supply''--
(1) mean an individual part, component, subassembly, assembly,
or subsystem integral to a major system, and other property
which may be replaced during the service life of the system,
including spare parts and replenishment spare parts; but
(2) do not include packaging or labeling associated with
shipment or identification of an item.

Sec. 109. Major system

(a) In General.--In this subtitle, the term ``major system'' means a
combination of elements that will function together to produce the
capabilities required to fulfill a mission need. These elements may
include hardware, equipment, software, or a combination of hardware,
equipment, and software, but do not include construction or other
improvements to real property.
(b) System Deemed To Be Major System.--A system is deemed to be a
major system if--
(1) the Department of Defense is responsible for the system
and the total expenditures for research, development, testing,
and evaluation for the system are estimated to exceed
$75,000,000 (based on fiscal year 1980 constant dollars) or the
eventual total expenditure for procurement exceeds $300,000,000
(based on fiscal year 1980 constant dollars);
(2) a civilian agency is responsible for the system and total
expenditures for the system are estimated to exceed the greater
of $750,000 (based on fiscal year 1980 constant dollars) or the
dollar threshold for a major system established by the agency
pursuant to Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-
109, entitled ``Major Systems Acquisitions''; or
(3) the head of the agency responsible for the system
designates the system a major system.

Sec. 110. Nondevelopmental item

In this subtitle, the term ``nondevelopmental item'' means--

[[Page 3681]]

(1) a commercial item;
(2) a previously developed item of supply that is in use by a
department or agency of the Federal Government, a State or local
government, or a foreign government with which the United States
has a mutual defense cooperation agreement;
(3) an item of supply described in paragraph (1) or (2) that
requires only minor modification or modification of the type
customarily available in the commercial marketplace to meet the
requirements of the procuring department or agency; or
(4) an item of supply currently being produced that does not
meet the requirements of paragraph (1), (2), or (3) solely
because the item is not yet in use.

Sec. 111. Procurement

In this subtitle, the term ``procurement'' includes all stages of the
process of acquiring property or services, beginning with the process
for determining a need for property or services and ending with contract
completion and closeout.

Sec. 112. Procurement system

In this subtitle, the term ``procurement system'' means the
integration of the procurement process, the professional development of
procurement personnel, and the management structure for carrying out the
procurement function.

Sec. 113. Responsible source

In this subtitle, the term ``responsible source'' means a prospective
contractor that--
(1) has adequate financial resources to perform the contract
or the ability to obtain those resources;
(2) is able to comply with the required or proposed delivery
or performance schedule, taking into consideration all existing
commercial and Government business commitments;
(3) has a satisfactory performance record;
(4) has a satisfactory record of integrity and business
ethics;
(5) has the necessary organization, experience, accounting and
operational controls, and technical skills, or the ability to
obtain the organization, experience, controls, and skills;
(6) has the necessary production, construction, and technical
equipment and facilities, or the ability to obtain the equipment
and facilities; and
(7) is otherwise qualified and eligible to receive an award
under applicable laws and regulations.

Sec. 114. Standards

In this subtitle, the term ``standards'' means the criteria for
determining the effectiveness of the procurement system by measuring the
performance of the various elements of the system.

Sec. 115. Supplies

In this subtitle, the term ``supplies'' has the same meaning as the
terms ``item'' and ``item of supply''.

Sec. 116. Technical data

In this subtitle, the term ``technical data''--
(1) means recorded information (regardless of the form or
method of the recording) of a scientific or technical nature

[[Page 3682]]

(including computer software documentation) relating to supplies
procured by an agency; but
(2) does not include computer software or financial,
administrative, cost or pricing, or management data or other
information incidental to contract administration.

SUBCHAPTER II--DIVISION B DEFINITIONS

Sec. 131. Acquisition

In division B, the term ``acquisition''--
(1) means the process of acquiring, with appropriated amounts,
by contract for purchase or lease, property or services
(including construction) that support the missions and goals of
an executive agency, from the point at which the requirements of
the executive agency are established in consultation with the
chief acquisition officer of the executive agency; and
(2) includes--
(A) the process of acquiring property or services that
are already in existence, or that must be created,
developed, demonstrated, and evaluated;
(B) the description of requirements to satisfy agency
needs;
(C) solicitation and selection of sources;
(D) award of contracts;
(E) contract performance;
(F) contract financing;
(G) management and measurement of contract performance
through final delivery and payment; and
(H) technical and management functions directly
related to the process of fulfilling agency requirements
by contract.

Sec. 132. Competitive procedures

In division B, the term ``competitive procedures'' means procedures
under which an agency enters into a contract pursuant to full and open
competition.

Sec. 133. Executive agency

In division B, the term ``executive agency'' means--
(1) an executive department specified in section 101 of title
5;
(2) a military department specified in section 102 of title 5;
(3) an independent establishment as defined in section 104(1)
of title 5; and
(4) a wholly owned Government corporation fully subject to
chapter 91 of title 31.

Sec. 134. Simplified acquisition threshold

In division B, the term ``simplified acquisition threshold'' means
$100,000.

SUBCHAPTER III--DIVISION C DEFINITIONS

Sec. 151. Agency head

In division C, the term ``agency head'' means the head or any
assistant head of an executive agency, and may at the option of the
Administrator of General Services include the chief official

[[Page 3683]]

of any principal organizational unit of the General Services
Administration.

Sec. 152. Competitive procedures

In division C, the term ``competitive procedures'' means procedures
under which an executive agency enters into a contract pursuant to full
and open competition. The term also includes--
(1) procurement of architectural or engineering services
conducted in accordance with chapter 11 of title 40;
(2) the competitive selection of basic research proposals
resulting from a general solicitation and the peer review or
scientific review (as appropriate) of those proposals;
(3) the procedures established by the Administrator of General
Services for the multiple awards schedule program of the General
Services Administration if--
(A) participation in the program has been open to all
responsible sources; and
(B) orders and contracts under those procedures result
in the lowest overall cost alternative to meet the needs
of the Federal Government;
(4) procurements conducted in furtherance of section 15 of the
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) as long as all responsible
business concerns that are entitled to submit offers for those
procurements are permitted to compete; and
(5) a competitive selection of research proposals resulting
from a general solicitation and peer review or scientific review
(as appropriate) solicited pursuant to section 9 of that Act (15
U.S.C. 638).

Sec. 153. Simplified acquisition threshold for contract in support of
humanitarian or peacekeeping operation

(1) In general.--In division C, the term ``simplified acquisition
threshold'' has the meaning provided that term in section 134 of this
title, except that, in the case of a contract to be awarded and
performed, or purchase to be made, outside the United States in support
of a humanitarian or peacekeeping operation, the term means an amount
equal to two times the amount specified for that term in section 134 of
this title.
(2) Definition.--In paragraph (1), the term ``humanitarian or
peacekeeping operation'' means a military operation in support of the
provision of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance or in support
of a peacekeeping operation under chapter VI or VII of the Charter of
the United Nations. The term does not include routine training, force
rotation, or stationing.

Division B--Office of Federal Procurement Policy

CHAPTER 11--ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE AND AUTHORITY AND FUNCTIONS OF
ADMINISTRATOR

SUBCHAPTER I--GENERAL

Sec.
1101.  Office of Federal Procurement Policy.
1102.  Administrator.

SUBCHAPTER II--AUTHORITY AND FUNCTIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATOR

1121.  General authority.
1122.  Functions.
1123.  Small business concerns.

[[Page 3684]]

1124.  Tests of innovative procurement methods and procedures.
1125.  Recipients of Federal grants or assistance.
1126.  Policy regarding consideration of contractor past performance.
1127.  Determining benchmark compensation amount.
1128.  Maintaining necessary capability with respect to acquisition of
architectural and engineering services.
1129.  Center of excellence in contracting for services.
1130.  Effect of division on other law.
1131.  Annual report.

SUBCHAPTER I--GENERAL

Sec. 1101. Office of Federal Procurement Policy

(a) Organization.--There is an Office of Federal Procurement Policy in
the Office of Management and Budget.
(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Office of Federal Procurement
Policy are to--
(1) provide overall direction of Government-wide procurement
policies, regulations, procedures, and forms for executive
agencies; and
(2) promote economy, efficiency, and effectiveness in the
procurement of property and services by the executive branch of
the Federal Government.

(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Necessary amounts may be
appropriated each fiscal year for the Office of Federal Procurement
Policy to carry out the responsibilities of the Office for that fiscal
year.

Sec. 1102. Administrator

(a) Head of Office.--The head of the Office of Federal Procurement
Policy is the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy.
(b) Appointment.--The Administrator is appointed by the President, by
and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

SUBCHAPTER II--AUTHORITY AND FUNCTIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATOR

Sec. 1121. General authority

(a) Overall Direction and Leadership.--The Administrator shall provide
overall direction of procurement policy and leadership in the
development of procurement systems of the executive agencies.
(b) Federal Acquisition Regulation.--To the extent that the
Administrator considers appropriate in carrying out the policies and
functions set forth in this division, and with due regard for applicable
laws and the program activities of the executive agencies, the
Administrator may prescribe Government-wide procurement policies. The
policies shall be implemented in a single Government-wide procurement
regulation called the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
(c) Policies To Be Followed by Executive Agencies.--
(1) Areas of procurement for which policies are to be
followed.--The policies implemented in the Federal Acquisition
Regulation shall be followed by executive agencies in the
procurement of--
(A) property other than real property in being;
(B) services, including research and development; and
(C) construction, alteration, repair, or maintenance
of real property.

[[Page 3685]]

(2) Procedures to ensure compliance.--The Administrator shall
establish procedures to ensure compliance with the Federal
Acquisition Regulation by all executive agencies.
(3) Application of other laws.--The authority of an executive
agency under another law to prescribe policies, regulations,
procedures, and forms for procurement is subject to the
authority conferred in this section and sections 1122(a) to
(c)(1), 1125, 1126, 1130, 1131, and 2305 of this title.

(d) When Certain Agencies Are Unable To Agree or Fail To Act.--In any
instance in which the Administrator determines that the Department of
Defense, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the
General Services Administration are unable to agree on or fail to issue
Government-wide regulations, procedures, and forms in a timely manner,
including regulations, procedures, and forms necessary to implement
prescribed policy the Administrator initiates under subsection (b), the
Administrator, with due regard for applicable laws and the program
activities of the executive agencies and consistent with the policies
and functions set forth in this division, shall prescribe Government-
wide regulations, procedures, and forms which executive agencies shall
follow in procuring items listed in subsection (c)(1).
(e) Oversight of Procurement Regulations of Other Agencies.--The
Administrator, with the concurrence of the Director of the Office of
Management and Budget, and with consultation with the head of the agency
concerned, may deny the promulgation of or rescind any Government-wide
regulation or final rule or regulation of any executive agency relating
to procurement if the Administrator determines that the rule or
regulation is inconsistent with any policies, regulations, or procedures
issued pursuant to subsection (b).
(f) Limitation on Authority.--The authority of the Administrator under
this division shall not be construed to--
(1) impair or interfere with the determination by executive
agencies of their need for, or their use of, specific property,
services, or construction, including particular specifications
for the property, services, or construction; or
(2) interfere with the determination by executive agencies of
specific actions in the award or administration of procurement
contracts.

Sec. 1122. Functions

(a) In General.--The functions of the Administrator include--
(1) providing leadership and ensuring action by the executive
agencies in establishing, developing, and maintaining the single
system of simplified Government-wide procurement regulations and
resolving differences among the executive agencies in developing
simplified Government-wide procurement regulations, procedures,
and forms;
(2) coordinating the development of Government-wide
procurement system standards that executive agencies shall
implement in their procurement systems;
(3) providing leadership and coordination in formulating the
executive branch position on legislation relating to
procurement;
(4)(A) providing for and directing the activities of the
computer-based Federal Procurement Data System (including
recommending to the Administrator of General Services a
sufficient budget for those activities), which shall be located
in

[[Page 3686]]

the General Services Administration, in order to adequately
collect, develop, and disseminate procurement data; and
(B) ensuring executive agency compliance with the record
requirements of section 1712 of this title;
(5) providing for and directing the activities of the Federal
Acquisition Institute (including recommending to the
Administrator of General Services a sufficient budget for those
activities), which shall be located in the General Services
Administration, in order to--
(A) foster and promote the development of a
professional acquisition workforce Government-wide;
(B) promote and coordinate Government-wide research
and studies to improve the procurement process and the
laws, policies, methods, regulations, procedures, and
forms relating to acquisition by the executive agencies;
(C) collect data and analyze acquisition workforce
data from the Office of Personnel Management, from the
heads of executive agencies, and, through periodic
surveys, from individual employees;
(D) periodically analyze acquisition career fields to
identify critical competencies, duties, tasks, and
related academic prerequisites, skills, and knowledge;
(E) coordinate and assist agencies in identifying and
recruiting highly qualified candidates for acquisition
fields;
(F) develop instructional materials for acquisition
personnel in coordination with private and public
acquisition colleges and training facilities;
(G) evaluate the effectiveness of training and career
development programs for acquisition personnel;
(H) promote the establishment and utilization of
academic programs by colleges and universities in
acquisition fields;
(I) facilitate, to the extent requested by agencies,
interagency intern and training programs; and
(J) perform other career management or research
functions as directed by the Administrator;
(6) administering section 1703(a) to (i) of this title;
(7) establishing criteria and procedures to ensure the
effective and timely solicitation of the viewpoints of
interested parties in the development of procurement policies,
regulations, procedures, and forms;
(8) developing standard contract forms and contract language
in order to reduce the Federal Government's cost of procuring
property and services and the private sector's cost of doing
business with the Federal Government;
(9) providing for a Government-wide award to recognize and
promote vendor excellence;
(10) providing for a Government-wide award to recognize and
promote excellence in officers and employees of the Federal
Government serving in procurement-related positions;
(11) developing policies, in consultation with the
Administrator of the Small Business Administration, that ensure
that small businesses, qualified HUBZone small business concerns
(as defined in section 3(p) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C.
632(p))), small businesses owned and controlled by socially and
economically disadvantaged individuals, and small businesses
owned and controlled by women are provided with the maximum
practicable opportunities to participate in procurements

[[Page 3687]]

that are conducted for amounts below the simplified acquisition
threshold;
(12) developing policies that will promote achievement of
goals for participation by small businesses, small business
concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans,
qualified HUBZone small business concerns (as defined in section
3(p) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(p))), small
businesses owned and controlled by socially and economically
disadvantaged individuals, and small businesses owned and
controlled by women; and
(13) completing action, as appropriate, on the recommendations
of the Commission on Government Procurement.

(b) Consultation and Assistance.--In carrying out the functions in
subsection (a), the Administrator--
(1) shall consult with the affected executive agencies,
including the Small Business Administration;
(2) with the concurrence of the heads of affected executive
agencies, may designate one or more executive agencies to assist
in performing those functions; and
(3) may establish advisory committees or other interagency
groups to assist in providing for the establishment,
development, and maintenance of a single system of simplified
Government-wide procurement regulations and to assist in
performing any other function the Administrator considers
appropriate.

(c) Assignment, Delegation, or Transfer.--
(1) To administrator.--Except as otherwise provided by law,
only duties, functions, or responsibilities expressly assigned
by this division shall be assigned, delegated, or transferred to
the Administrator.
(2) By administrator.--
(A) Within office.--The Administrator may make and
authorize delegations within the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy that the Administrator determines to
be necessary to carry out this division.
(B) To another executive agency.--The Administrator
may delegate, and authorize successive redelegations of,
an authority, function, or power of the Administrator
under this division (other than the authority to provide
overall direction of Federal procurement policy and to
prescribe policies and regulations to carry out the
policy) to another executive agency with the consent of
the head of the executive agency or at the direction of
the President.

Sec. 1123. Small business concerns

In formulating the Federal Acquisition Regulation and procedures to
ensure compliance with the Regulation, the Administrator, in
consultation with the Small Business Administration, shall--
(1) conduct analyses of the impact on small business concerns
resulting from revised procurement regulations; and
(2) incorporate into revised procurement regulations
simplified bidding, contract performance, and contract
administration procedures for small business concerns.

[[Page 3688]]

Sec. 1124. Tests of innovative procurement methods and procedures

(a) In General.--The Administrator may develop innovative procurement
methods and procedures to be tested by selected executive agencies. In
developing a program to test innovative procurement methods and
procedures under this subsection, the Administrator shall consult with
the heads of executive agencies to--
(1) ascertain the need for and specify the objectives of the
program;
(2) develop the guidelines and procedures for carrying out the
program and the criteria to be used in measuring the success of
the program;
(3) evaluate the potential costs and benefits which may be
derived from the innovative procurement methods and procedures
tested under the program;
(4) select the appropriate executive agencies or components of
executive agencies to carry out the program;
(5) specify the categories and types of products or services
to be procured under the program; and
(6) develop the methods to be used to analyze the results of
the program.

(b) Approval of Executive Agencies Required.--A program to test
innovative procurement methods and procedures may not be carried out
unless approved by the heads of the executive agencies selected to carry
out the program.
(c) Request for Waiver of Law.--If the Administrator determines that
it is necessary to waive the application of a provision of law to carry
out a proposed program to test innovative procurement methods and
procedures under subsection (a), the Administrator shall transmit notice
of the proposed program to the Committee on Oversight and Government
Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland
Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and request that the
Committees take the necessary action to provide that the provision of
law does not apply with respect to the proposed program. The
notification to Congress shall include--
(1) a description of the proposed program (including the scope
and purpose of the proposed program);
(2) the procedures to be followed in carrying out the proposed
program;
(3) the provisions of law affected and the application of any
provision of law that must be waived in order to carry out the
proposed program; and
(4) the executive agencies involved in carrying out the
proposed program.

Sec. 1125. Recipients of Federal grants or assistance

(a) Authority.--With due regard to applicable laws and the program
activities of the executive agencies administering Federal programs of
grants or assistance, the Administrator may prescribe Government-wide
policies, regulations, procedures, and forms that the Administrator
considers appropriate and that executive agencies shall follow in
providing for the procurement, to the extent required under those
programs, of property or services referred to in section 1121(c)(1) of
this title by recipients of Federal grants or assistance under the
programs.
(b) Limitation.--Subsection (a) does not--

[[Page 3689]]

(1) permit the Administrator to authorize procurement or
supply support, either directly or indirectly, to a recipient of
a Federal grant or assistance; or
(2) authorize action by a recipient contrary to State and
local law in the case of a program to provide a Federal grant or
assistance to a State or political subdivision.

Sec. 1126. Policy regarding consideration of contractor past performance

(a) Guidance.--The Administrator shall prescribe for executive
agencies guidance regarding consideration of the past contract
performance of offerors in awarding contracts. The guidance shall
include--
(1) standards for evaluating past performance with respect to
cost (when appropriate), schedule, compliance with technical or
functional specifications, and other relevant performance
factors that facilitate consistent and fair evaluation by all
executive agencies;
(2) policies for the collection and maintenance of information
on past contract performance that, to the maximum extent
practicable, facilitate automated collection, maintenance, and
dissemination of information and provide for ease of collection,
maintenance, and dissemination of information by other methods,
as necessary;
(3) policies for ensuring that--
(A) offerors are afforded an opportunity to submit
relevant information on past contract performance,
including performance under contracts entered into by
the executive agency concerned, other departments and
agencies of the Federal Government, agencies of State
and local governments, and commercial customers; and
(B) the information submitted by offerors is
considered; and
(4) the period for which information on past performance of
offerors may be maintained and considered.

(b) Information Not Available.--If there is no information on past
contract performance of an offeror or the information on past contract
performance is not available, the offeror may not be evaluated favorably
or unfavorably on the factor of past contract performance.

Sec. 1127. Determining benchmark compensation amount

(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Benchmark compensation amount.--The term ``benchmark
compensation amount'', for a fiscal year, is the median amount
of the compensation provided for all senior executives of all
benchmark corporations for the most recent year for which data
is available at the time the determination under subsection (b)
is made.
(2) Benchmark corporation.--The term ``benchmark
corporation'', with respect to a fiscal year, means a publicly-
owned United States corporation that has annual sales in excess
of $50,000,000 for the fiscal year.
(3) Compensation.--The term ``compensation'', for a fiscal
year, means the total amount of wages, salary, bonuses, and
deferred compensation for the fiscal year, whether paid, earned,
or otherwise accruing, as recorded in an employer's cost
accounting records for the fiscal year.

[[Page 3690]]

(4) Fiscal year.--The term ``fiscal year'' means a fiscal year
a contractor establishes for accounting purposes.
(5) Publicly-owned united states corporation.--The term
``publicly-owned United States corporation'' means a
corporation--
(A) organized under the laws of a State of the United
States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, or a
possession of the United States; and
(B) whose voting stock is publicly traded.
(6) Senior executives.--The term ``senior executives'', with
respect to a contractor, means the 5 most highly compensated
employees in management positions at each home office and each
segment of the contractor.

(b) Determining Benchmark Compensation Amount.--For purposes of
section 4304(a)(16) of this title and section 2324(e)(1)(P) of title 10,
the Administrator shall review commercially available surveys of
executive compensation and, on the basis of the results of the review,
determine a benchmark compensation amount to apply for each fiscal year.
In making determinations under this subsection, the Administrator shall
consult with the Director of the Defense Contract Audit Agency and other
officials of executive agencies as the Administrator considers
appropriate.

Sec. 1128. Maintaining necessary capability with respect to acquisition
of architectural and engineering services

The Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, the
Administrator of General Services, and the Director of the Office of
Personnel Management, shall develop and implement a plan to ensure that
the Federal Government maintains the necessary capability with respect
to the acquisition of architectural and engineering services to--
(1) ensure that Federal Government employees have the
expertise to determine agency requirements for those services;
(2) establish priorities and programs, including acquisition
plans;
(3) establish professional standards;
(4) develop scopes of work; and
(5) award and administer contracts for those services.

Sec. 1129. Center of excellence in contracting for services

The Administrator shall maintain a center of excellence in contracting
for services. The center shall assist the acquisition community by
identifying, and serving as a clearinghouse for, best practices in
contracting for services in the public and private sectors.

Sec. 1130. Effect of division on other law

This division does not impair or affect the authorities or
responsibilities relating to the procurement of real property conferred
by division C of this subtitle and chapters 1 to 11 of title 40.

Sec. 1131. Annual report

The Administrator annually shall submit to Congress an assessment of
the progress made in executive agencies in implementing the policy
regarding major acquisitions that is stated in section 3103(a) of this
title. The Administrator shall use data from existing management systems
in making the assessment.

[[Page 3691]]

CHAPTER 13--ACQUISITION COUNCILS

SUBCHAPTER I--FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATORY COUNCIL

Sec.
1301.  Definition.
1302.  Establishment and membership.
1303.  Functions and authority.
1304.  Contract clauses and certifications.

SUBCHAPTER II--CHIEF ACQUISITION OFFICERS COUNCIL

1311.  Establishment and membership.
1312.  Functions.

SUBCHAPTER I--FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATORY COUNCIL

Sec. 1301. Definition

In this subchapter, the term ``Council'' means the Federal Acquisition
Regulatory Council established under section 1302(a) of this title.

Sec. 1302. Establishment and membership

(a) Establishment.--There is a Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council
to assist in the direction and coordination of Government-wide
procurement policy and Government-wide procurement regulatory activities
in the Federal Government.
(b) Membership.--
(1) Makeup of council.--The Council consists of--
(A) the Administrator;
(B) the Secretary of Defense;
(C) the Administrator of National Aeronautics and
Space; and
(D) the Administrator of General Services.
(2) Designation of other officials.--
(A) Officials who may be designated.--Notwithstanding
section 121(d)(1) and (2) of title 40, the officials
specified in subparagraphs (B) to (D) of paragraph (1)
may designate to serve on and attend meetings of the
Council in place of that official--
(i) the official assigned by statute with the
responsibility for acquisition policy in each of
their respective agencies or, in the case of the
Secretary of Defense, an official at an
organizational level not lower than an Assistant
Secretary of Defense within the Office of the
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition,
Technology, and Logistics; or
(ii) if no official of that agency is assigned
by statute with the responsibility for acquisition
policy for that agency, the official designated
pursuant to section 1702(c) of this title.
(B) Limitation on designation.--No other official or
employee may be designated to serve on the Council.

Sec. 1303. Functions and authority

(a) Functions.--
(1) Issue and maintain federal acquisition regulation.--
Subject to sections 1121, 1122(a) to (c)(1), 1125, 1126, 1130,
1131, and 2305 of this title, the Administrator of General
Services, the Secretary of Defense, and the Administrator of

[[Page 3692]]

National Aeronautics and Space, pursuant to their respective
authorities under division C of this subtitle, chapters 4 and
137 of title 10, and the National Aeronautics and Space Act of
1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.), shall jointly issue and maintain
in accordance with subsection (d) a single Government-wide
procurement regulation, to be known as the Federal Acquisition
Regulation.
(2) Limitation on other regulations.--Other regulations
relating to procurement issued by an executive agency shall be
limited to--
(A) regulations essential to implement Government-wide
policies and procedures within the agency; and
(B) additional policies and procedures required to
satisfy the specific and unique needs of the agency.
(3) Ensure consistent regulations.--The Administrator, in
consultation with the Council, shall ensure that procurement
regulations prescribed by executive agencies are consistent with
the Federal Acquisition Regulation and in accordance with the
policies prescribed pursuant to section 1121(b) of this title.
(4) Request to review regulation.--
(A) Basis for request.--Under procedures the
Administrator establishes, a person may request the
Administrator to review a regulation relating to
procurement on the basis that the regulation is
inconsistent with the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
(B) Period of review.--Unless the request is frivolous
or does not, on its face, state a valid basis for the
review, the Administrator shall complete the review not
later than 60 days after receiving the request. The time
for completion of the review may be extended if the
Administrator determines that an additional period of
review is required. The Administrator shall advise the
requester of the reasons for the extension and the date
by which the review will be completed.
(5) When regulation is inconsistent or needs to be improved.--
If the Administrator determines that a regulation relating to
procurement is inconsistent with the Federal Acquisition
Regulation or that the regulation otherwise should be revised to
remove an inconsistency with the policies prescribed under
section 1121(b) of this title, the Administrator shall rescind
or deny the promulgation of the regulation or take other action
authorized under sections 1121, 1122(a) to (c)(1), 1125, 1126,
1130, 1131, and 2305 of this title as may be necessary to remove
the inconsistency. If the Administrator determines that the
regulation, although not inconsistent with the Federal
Acquisition Regulation or those policies, should be revised to
improve compliance with the Regulation or policies, the
Administrator shall take action authorized under sections 1121,
1122(a) to (c)(1), 1125, 1126, 1130, 1131, and 2305 as may be
necessary and appropriate.
(6) Decisions to be in writing and publicly available.--The
decisions of the Administrator shall be in writing and made
publicly available.

(b) Additional Responsibilities of Membership.--
(1) In general.--Subject to the authority, direction, and
control of the head of the agency concerned, each official who
represents an agency on the Council pursuant to section 1302(b)
of this title shall--

[[Page 3693]]

(A) approve or disapprove all regulations relating to
procurement that are proposed for public comment,
prescribed in final form, or otherwise made effective by
that agency before the regulation may be prescribed in
final form, or otherwise made effective, except that the
official may grant an interim approval, without review,
for not more than 60 days for a procurement regulation
in urgent and compelling circumstances;
(B) carry out the responsibilities of that agency set
forth in chapter 35 of title 44 for each information
collection request that relates to procurement rules or
regulations; and
(C) eliminate or reduce--
(i) any redundant or unnecessary levels of
review and approval in the procurement system of
that agency; and
(ii) redundant or unnecessary procurement
regulations which are unique to that agency.
(2) Limitation on delegation.--The authority to review and
approve or disapprove regulations under paragraph (1)(A) may not
be delegated to an individual outside the office of the official
who represents the agency on the Council pursuant to section
1302(b) of this title.

(c) Governing Policies.--All actions of the Council and of members of
the Council shall be in accordance with and furtherance of the policies
prescribed under section 1121(b) of this title.
(d) General Authority With Respect to Federal Acquisition
Regulation.--Subject to section 1121(d) of this title, the Council shall
manage, coordinate, control, and monitor the maintenance of, issuance
of, and changes in, the Federal Acquisition Regulation.

Sec. 1304. Contract clauses and certifications

(a) Repetitive Nonstandard Contract Clauses Discouraged.--The Council
shall prescribe regulations to discourage the use of a nonstandard
contract clause on a repetitive basis. The regulations shall include
provisions that--
(1) clearly define what types of contract clauses are to be
treated as nonstandard clauses; and
(2) require prior approval for the use of a nonstandard clause
on a repetitive basis by an official at a level of
responsibility above the contracting officer.

(b) When Certification Required.--
(1) By law.--A provision of law may not be construed as
requiring a certification by a contractor or offeror in a
procurement made or to be made by the Federal Government unless
that provision of law specifically provides that such a
certification shall be required.
(2) In federal acquisition regulation.--A requirement for a
certification by a contractor or offeror may not be included in
the Federal Acquisition Regulation unless--
(A) the certification requirement is specifically
imposed by statute; or
(B) written justification for the certification
requirement is provided to the Administrator by the
Council and the Administrator approves in writing the
inclusion of the certification requirement.
(3) Executive agency procurement regulation.--

[[Page 3694]]

(A) Definition.--In subparagraph (B), the term ``head
of the executive agency'' with respect to a military
department means the Secretary of Defense.
(B) When certification requirement may be included in
regulation.--A requirement for a certification by a
contractor or offeror may not be included in a
procurement regulation of an executive agency unless--
(i) the certification requirement is
specifically imposed by statute; or
(ii) written justification for the certification
requirement is provided to the head of the
executive agency by the senior procurement
executive of the agency and the head of the
executive agency approves in writing the inclusion
of the certification requirement.

SUBCHAPTER II--CHIEF ACQUISITION OFFICERS COUNCIL

Sec. 1311. Establishment and membership

(a) Establishment.--There is in the executive branch a Chief
Acquisition Officers Council.
(b)  Membership.--The members of the Council are--
(1) the Deputy Director for Management of the Office of
Management and Budget;
(2) the Administrator;
(3) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition,
Technology, and Logistics;
(4) the chief acquisition officer of each executive agency
that is required to have a chief acquisition officer under
section 1702 of this title and the senior procurement executive
of each military department; and
(5) any other senior agency officer of each executive agency,
appointed by the head of the agency in consultation with the
Chairman of the Council, who can effectively assist the Council
in performing the functions set forth in section 1312(b) of this
title and supporting the associated range of acquisition
activities.

(c) Leadership and Support.--
(1) Chairman.--The Deputy Director for Management of the
Office of Management and Budget is the Chairman of the Council.
(2) Vice chairman.--The Vice Chairman of the Council shall be
selected by the Council from among its members. The Vice
Chairman serves for one year and may serve multiple terms.
(3) Leader of activities.--The Administrator shall lead the
activities of the Council on behalf of the Deputy Director for
Management.
(4) Support.--The Administrator of General Services shall
provide administrative and other support for the Council.

Sec. 1312. Functions

(a) Principal Forum.--The Chief Acquisition Officers Council is the
principal interagency forum for monitoring and improving the Federal
acquisition system.
(b) Functions.--The Council shall perform functions that include the
following:
(1) Develop recommendations for the Director of the Office of
Management and Budget on Federal acquisition policies and
requirements.

[[Page 3695]]

(2) Share experiences, ideas, best practices, and innovative
approaches related to Federal acquisition.
(3) Assist the Administrator in the identification,
development, and coordination of multiagency projects and other
innovative initiatives to improve Federal acquisition.
(4) Promote effective business practices that ensure the
timely delivery of best value products to the Federal Government
and achieve appropriate public policy objectives.
(5) Further integrity, fairness, competition, openness, and
efficiency in the Federal acquisition system.
(6) Work with the Office of Personnel Management to assess and
address the hiring, training, and professional development needs
of the Federal Government related to acquisition.
(7) Work with the Administrator and the Federal Acquisition
Regulatory Council to promote the business practices referred to
in paragraph (4) and other results of the functions carried out
under this subsection.

CHAPTER 15--COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

Sec.
1501.  Cost Accounting Standards Board.
1502.  Cost accounting standards.
1503.  Contract price adjustment.
1504.  Effect on other standards and regulations.
1505.  Examinations.
1506.  Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 1501. Cost Accounting Standards Board

(a) Organization.--The Cost Accounting Standards Board is an
independent board in the Office of Federal Procurement Policy.
(b) Membership.--
(1) Number of members, chairman, and appointment.--The Board
consists of 5 members. One member is the Administrator, who
serves as Chairman. The other 4 members, all of whom shall have
experience in Federal Government contract cost accounting, are
as follows:
(A) 2 representatives of the Federal Government--
(i) one of whom is a representative of the
Department of Defense appointed by the Secretary
of Defense; and
(ii) one of whom is an officer or employee of
the General Services Administration appointed by
the Administrator of General Services.
(B) 2 individuals from the private sector, each of
whom is appointed by the Administrator, and--
(i) one of whom is a representative of industry;
and
(ii) one of whom is particularly knowledgeable
about cost accounting problems and systems.
(2) Term of office.--
(A) Length of term.--The term of office of each
member, other than the Administrator, is 4 years. The
terms are staggered, with the terms of 2 members
expiring in the same year, the term of another member
expiring the next year, and the term of the last member
expiring the year after that.
(B) Individual required to remain with appointing
agency.--A member appointed under paragraph (1)(A) may
not continue to serve after ceasing to be an officer or
employee of the agency from which that member was
appointed.

[[Page 3696]]

(3) Vacancy.--A vacancy on the Board shall be filled in the
same manner in which the original appointment was made. A member
appointed to fill a vacancy serves for the remainder of the term
for which that member's predecessor was appointed.

(c) Senior Staff.--The Administrator, after consultation with the
Board, may--
(1) appoint an executive secretary and 2 additional staff
members without regard to the provisions of title 5 governing
appointments in the competitive service; and
(2) pay those employees without regard to the provisions of
chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5 relating
to classification and General Schedule pay rates, except that
those employees may not receive pay in excess of the maximum
rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive
Schedule.

(d) Other Staff.--The Administrator may appoint, fix the compensation
of, and remove additional employees of the Board under the applicable
provisions of title 5.
(e) Detailed and Temporary Personnel.--For service on advisory
committees and task forces to assist the Board in carrying out its
functions and responsibilities--
(1) the Board, with the consent of the head of a Federal
agency, may use, without reimbursement, personnel of that
agency; and
(2) the Administrator, after consultation with the Board, may
procure temporary and intermittent services of personnel under
section 3109(b) of title 5.

(f) Compensation.--
(1) Officers and employees of the government.--Members of the
Board who are officers or employees of the Federal Government,
and officers and employees of other agencies of the Federal
Government who are used under subsection (e)(1), shall not
receive additional compensation for services but shall continue
to be compensated by the employing department or agency of the
officer or employee.
(2) Appointees from private sector.--Each member of the Board
appointed from the private sector shall receive compensation at
a rate not to exceed the daily equivalent of the rate for level
IV of the Executive Schedule for each day (including travel
time) in which the member is engaged in the actual performance
of duties vested in the Board.
(3) Temporary and intermittent personnel.--An individual hired
under subsection (e)(2) may receive compensation at a rate fixed
by the Administrator, but not to exceed the daily equivalent of
the rate for level V of the Executive Schedule for each day
(including travel time) in which the individual is properly
engaged in the actual performance of duties under this chapter.
(4) Travel expenses.--While serving away from home or regular
place of business, Board members and other individuals serving
on an intermittent basis under this chapter shall be allowed
travel expenses in accordance with section 5703 of title 5.

Sec. 1502. Cost accounting standards

(a) Authority.--
(1) Cost accounting standards board.--The Cost Accounting
Standards Board has exclusive authority to prescribe, amend, and
rescind cost accounting standards, and

[[Page 3697]]

interpretations of the standards, designed to achieve uniformity
and consistency in the cost accounting standards governing
measurement, assignment, and allocation of costs to contracts
with the Federal Government.
(2) Administrator for federal procurement policy.--The
Administrator, after consultation with the Board, shall
prescribe rules and procedures governing actions of the Board
under this chapter. The rules and procedures shall require that
any action to prescribe, amend, or rescind a standard or
interpretation be approved by majority vote of the Board.

(b) Mandatory Use of Standards.--
(1) Subcontract.--
(A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term
``subcontract'' includes a transfer of commercial items
between divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a
contractor or subcontractor.
(B) When standards are to be used.--Cost accounting
standards prescribed under this chapter are mandatory
for use by all executive agencies and by contractors and
subcontractors in estimating, accumulating, and
reporting costs in connection with the pricing and
administration of, and settlement of disputes
concerning, all negotiated prime contract and
subcontract procurements with the Federal Government in
excess of the amount set forth in section
2306a(a)(1)(A)(i) of title 10 as the amount is adjusted
in accordance with applicable requirements of law.
(C) Nonapplication of standards.--Subparagraph (B)
does not apply to--
(i) a contract or subcontract for the
acquisition of a commercial item;
(ii) a contract or subcontract where the price
negotiated is based on a price set by law or
regulation;
(iii) a firm, fixed-price contract or
subcontract awarded on the basis of adequate price
competition without submission of certified cost
or pricing data; or
(iv) a contract or subcontract with a value of
less than $7,500,000 if, when the contract or
subcontract is entered into, the segment of the
contractor or subcontractor that will perform the
work has not been awarded at least one contract or
subcontract with a value of more than $7,500,000
that is covered by the standards.
(2) Exemptions and waivers by board.--The Board may--
(A) exempt classes of contractors and subcontractors
from the requirements of this chapter; and
(B) establish procedures for the waiver of the
requirements of this chapter for individual contracts
and subcontracts.
(3) Waiver by head of executive agency.--
(A) In general.--The head of an executive agency may
waive the applicability of the cost accounting standards
for a contract or subcontract with a value of less than
$15,000,000 if that official determines in writing that
the segment of the contractor or subcontractor that will
perform the work--
(i) is primarily engaged in the sale of
commercial items; and

[[Page 3698]]

(ii) would not otherwise be subject to the cost
accounting standards under this section.
(B) In exceptional circumstances.--The head of an
executive agency may waive the applicability of the cost
accounting standards for a contract or subcontract under
exceptional circumstances when necessary to meet the
needs of the agency. A determination to waive the
applicability of the standards under this subparagraph
shall be set forth in writing and shall include a
statement of the circumstances justifying the waiver.
(C) Restriction on delegation of authority.--The head
of an executive agency may not delegate the authority
under subparagraph (A) or (B) to an official in the
executive agency below the senior policymaking level in
the executive agency.
(D) Contents of federal acquisition regulation.--The
Federal Acquisition Regulation shall include--
(i) criteria for selecting an official to be
delegated authority to grant waivers under
subparagraph (A) or (B); and
(ii) the specific circumstances under which the
waiver may be granted.
(E) Report.--The head of each executive agency shall
report the waivers granted under subparagraphs (A) and
(B) for that agency to the Board on an annual basis.

(c) Required Board Action for Prescribing Standards and
Interpretations.--Before prescribing cost accounting standards and
interpretations, the Board shall--
(1) take into account, after consultation and discussions with
the Comptroller General, professional accounting organizations,
contractors, and other interested parties--
(A) the probable costs of implementation, including
any inflationary effects, compared to the probable
benefits;
(B) the advantages, disadvantages, and improvements
anticipated in the pricing and administration of, and
settlement of disputes concerning, contracts; and
(C) the scope of, and alternatives available to, the
action proposed to be taken;
(2) prepare and publish a report in the Federal Register on
the issues reviewed under paragraph (1);
(3)(A) publish an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking in
the Federal Register to solicit comments on the report prepared
under paragraph (2);
(B) provide all parties affected at least 60 days after
publication to submit their views and comments; and
(C) during the 60-day period, consult with the Comptroller
General and consider any recommendation the Comptroller General
may make; and
(4) publish a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal
Register and provide all parties affected at least 60 days after
publication to submit their views and comments.

(d) Effective Dates.--Rules, regulations, cost accounting standards,
and modifications thereof prescribed or amended under this chapter shall
have the full force and effect of law, and shall become effective within
120 days after publication in the Federal Register in final form, unless
the Board determines that a longer period is necessary. The Board shall
determine implementation dates for contractors and subcontractors. The
dates may not be later than

[[Page 3699]]

the beginning of the second fiscal year of the contractor or
subcontractor after the standard becomes effective.
(e) Accompanying Material.--Rules, regulations, cost accounting
standards, and modifications thereof prescribed or amended under this
chapter shall be accompanied by prefatory comments and by illustrations,
if necessary.
(f) Implementing Regulations.--The Board shall prescribe regulations
for the implementation of cost accounting standards prescribed or
interpreted under this section. The regulations shall be incorporated
into the Federal Acquisition Regulation and shall require contractors
and subcontractors as a condition of contracting with the Federal
Government to--
(1) disclose in writing their cost accounting practices,
including methods of distinguishing direct costs from indirect
costs and the basis used for allocating indirect costs; and
(2) agree to a contract price adjustment, with interest, for
any increased costs paid to the contractor or subcontractor by
the Federal Government because of a change in the contractor's
or subcontractor's cost accounting practices or a failure by the
contractor or subcontractor to comply with applicable cost
accounting standards.

(g) Nonapplicability of Certain Sections of Title 5.--Functions
exercised under this chapter are not subject to sections 551, 553 to
559, and 701 to 706 of title 5.

Sec. 1503. Contract price adjustment

(a) Disagreement Constitutes a Dispute.--If the Federal Government and
a contractor or subcontractor fail to agree on a contract price
adjustment, including whether the contractor or subcontractor has
complied with the applicable cost accounting standards, the disagreement
will constitute a dispute under chapter 71 of this title.
(b) Amount of Adjustment.--A contract price adjustment undertaken
under section 1502(f)(2) of this title shall be made, where applicable,
on relevant contracts between the Federal Government and the contractor
that are subject to the cost accounting standards so as to protect the
Federal Government from payment, in the aggregate, of increased costs,
as defined by the Cost Accounting Standards Board. The Federal
Government may not recover costs greater than the aggregate increased
cost to the Federal Government, as defined by the Board, on the relevant
contracts subject to the price adjustment unless the contractor made a
change in its cost accounting practices of which it was aware or should
have been aware at the time of the price negotiation and which it failed
to disclose to the Federal Government.
(c) Interest.--The interest rate applicable to a contract price
adjustment is the annual rate of interest established under section 6621
of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 6621) for the period.
Interest accrues from the time payments of the increased costs were made
to the contractor or subcontractor to the time the Federal Government
receives full compensation for the price adjustment.

Sec. 1504. Effect on other standards and regulations

(a) Previously Existing Standards.--All cost accounting standards,
waivers, exemptions, interpretations, modifications, rules, and
regulations prescribed by the Cost Accounting Standards Board

[[Page 3700]]

under section 719 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App.
2168)--
(1) remain in effect until amended, superseded, or rescinded
by the Board under this chapter; and
(2) are subject to the provisions of this division in the same
manner as if prescribed by the Board under this division.

(b) Inconsistent Agency Regulations.--To ensure that a regulation or
proposed regulation of an executive agency is not inconsistent with a
cost accounting standard prescribed or amended under this chapter, the
Administrator, under the authority in sections 1121, 1122(a) to (c)(1),
1125, 1126, 1130, 1131, and 2305 of this title, shall rescind or deny
the promulgation of the inconsistent regulation or proposed regulation
and take other appropriate action authorized under sections 1121,
1122(a) to (c)(1), 1125, 1126, 1130, 1131, and 2305.
(c) Costs Not Subject to Different Standards.--Costs that are the
subject of cost accounting standards prescribed under this chapter are
not subject to regulations established by another executive agency that
differ from those standards with respect to the measurement, assignment,
and allocation of those costs.

Sec. 1505. Examinations

To determine whether a contractor or subcontractor has complied with
cost accounting standards prescribed under this chapter and has followed
consistently the contractor's or subcontractor's disclosed cost
accounting practices, an authorized representative of the head of the
agency concerned, of the offices of inspector general established under
the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), or of the Comptroller
General shall have the right to examine and copy documents, papers, or
records of the contractor or subcontractor relating to compliance with
the standards.

Sec. 1506. Authorization of appropriations

Necessary amounts may be appropriated to carry out this chapter.

CHAPTER 17--AGENCY RESPONSIBILITIES AND PROCEDURES

Sec.
1701.  Cooperation with the Administrator.
1702.  Chief Acquisition Officers and senior procurement executives.
1703.  Acquisition workforce.
1704.  Planning and policy-making for acquisition workforce.
1705.  Advocates for competition.
1706.  Personnel evaluation.
1707.  Publication of proposed regulations.
1708.  Procurement notice.
1709.  Contracting functions performed by Federal personnel.
1710.  Public-private competition required before conversion to
contractor performance.
1711.  Value engineering.
1712.  Record requirements.
1713.  Procurement data.

Sec. 1701. Cooperation with the Administrator

On the request of the Administrator, each executive agency shall--
(1) make its services, personnel, and facilities available to
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy to the greatest
practicable extent for the performance of functions under this
division; and

[[Page 3701]]

(2) except when prohibited by law, furnish to the
Administrator, and give the Administrator access to, all
information and records in its possession that the Administrator
may determine to be necessary for the performance of the
functions of the Office.

Sec. 1702. Chief Acquisition Officers and senior procurement executives

(a) Appointment or Designation of Chief Acquisition Officer.--The head
of each executive agency described in section 901(b)(1) (other than the
Department of Defense) or 901(b)(2)(C) of title 31 with a Chief
Financial Officer appointed or designated under section 901(a) of title
31 shall appoint or designate a non-career employee as Chief Acquisition
Officer for the agency.
(b) Authority and Functions of Chief Acquisition Officer.--
(1) Primary duty.--The primary duty of a Chief Acquisition
Officer is acquisition management.
(2) Advice and assistance.--A Chief Acquisition Officer shall
advise and assist the head of the executive agency and other
agency officials to ensure that the mission of the executive
agency is achieved through the management of the agency's
acquisition activities.
(3) Other functions.--The functions of each Chief Acquisition
Officer include--
(A) monitoring the performance of acquisition
activities and acquisition programs of the executive
agency, evaluating the performance of those programs on
the basis of applicable performance measurements, and
advising the head of the executive agency regarding the
appropriate business strategy to achieve the mission of
the executive agency;
(B) increasing the use of full and open competition in
the acquisition of property and services by the
executive agency by establishing policies, procedures,
and practices that ensure that the executive agency
receives a sufficient number of sealed bids or
competitive proposals from responsible sources to
fulfill the Federal Government's requirements (including
performance and delivery schedules) at the lowest cost
or best value considering the nature of the property or
service procured;
(C) increasing appropriate use of performance-based
contracting and performance specifications;
(D) making acquisition decisions consistent with all
applicable laws and establishing clear lines of
authority, accountability, and responsibility for
acquisition decisionmaking within the executive agency;
(E) managing the direction of acquisition policy for
the executive agency, including implementation of the
unique acquisition policies, regulations, and standards
of the executive agency;
(F) developing and maintaining an acquisition career
management program in the executive agency to ensure
that there is an adequate professional workforce; and
(G) as part of the strategic planning and performance
evaluation process required under section 306 of title 5
and sections 1105(a)(28), 1115, 1116, and 9703 (added by
section 5(a) of Public Law 103-62 (107 Stat. 289)) of
title 31--

[[Page 3702]]

(i) assessing the requirements established for
agency personnel regarding knowledge and skill in
acquisition resources management and the adequacy
of those requirements for facilitating the
achievement of the performance goals established
for acquisition management;
(ii) developing strategies and specific plans
for hiring, training, and professional development
to rectify a deficiency in meeting those
requirements; and
(iii) reporting to the head of the executive
agency on the progress made in improving
acquisition management capability.

(c) Senior Procurement Executive.--
(1) Designation.--The head of each executive agency shall
designate a senior procurement executive.
(2) Responsibility.--The senior procurement executive is
responsible for management direction of the procurement system
of the executive agency, including implementation of the unique
procurement policies, regulations, and standards of the
executive agency.
(3) When chief acquisition officer appointed or designated.--
For an executive agency for which a Chief Acquisition Officer
has been appointed or designated under subsection (a), the head
of the executive agency shall--
(A) designate the Chief Acquisition Officer as the
senior procurement executive for the executive agency;
or
(B) ensure that the senior procurement executive
designated under paragraph (1) reports directly to the
Chief Acquisition Officer without intervening authority.

Sec. 1703. Acquisition workforce

(a) Description.--For purposes of this section, the acquisition
workforce of an agency consists of all employees serving in acquisition
positions listed in subsection (g)(1)(A).
(b) Applicability.--
(1) Nonapplicability to certain executive agencies.--Except as
provided in subsection (i), this section does not apply to an
executive agency that is subject to chapter 87 of title 10.
(2) Applicability of programs.--The programs established by
this section apply to the acquisition workforce of each
executive agency.

(c) Management Policies.--
(1) Duties of head of executive agency.--
(A) Establish policies and procedures.--After
consultation with the Administrator, the head of each
executive agency shall establish policies and procedures
for the effective management (including accession,
education, training, career development, and performance
incentives) of the acquisition workforce of the agency.
The development of acquisition workforce policies under
this section shall be carried out consistent with the
merit system principles set forth in section 2301(b) of
title 5.
(B) Ensure uniform implementation.--The head of each
executive agency shall ensure that, to the maximum
extent practicable, acquisition workforce policies and
procedures established are uniform in their
implementation throughout the agency.

[[Page 3703]]

(2) Duties of administrator.--The Administrator shall issue
policies to promote uniform implementation of this section by
executive agencies, with due regard for differences in program
requirements among agencies that may be appropriate and
warranted in view of the agency mission. The Administrator shall
coordinate with the Deputy Director for Management of the Office
of Management and Budget to ensure that the policies are
consistent with the policies and procedures established, and
enhanced system of incentives provided, pursuant to section
5051(c) of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994
(Public Law 103-355, 108 Stat. 3351). The Administrator shall
evaluate the implementation of this section by executive
agencies.

(d) Authority and Responsibility of Senior Procurement Executive.--
Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the head of an
executive agency, the senior procurement executive of the agency shall
carry out all powers, functions, and duties of the head of the agency
with respect to implementing this section. The senior procurement
executive shall ensure that the policies of the head of the executive
agency established in accordance with this section are implemented
throughout the agency.
(e) Collecting and Maintaining Information.--The Administrator shall
ensure that the heads of executive agencies collect and maintain
standardized information on the acquisition workforce related to
implementing this section. To the maximum extent practicable,
information requirements shall conform to standards the Director of the
Office of Personnel Management establishes for the Central Personnel
Data File.
(f) Career Development.--
(1) Career paths.--
(A) Identification.--The head of each executive agency
shall ensure that appropriate career paths for personnel
who desire to pursue careers in acquisition are
identified in terms of the education, training,
experience, and assignments necessary for career
progression to the most senior acquisition positions.
The head of each executive agency shall make available
information on those career paths.
(B) Critical duties and tasks.--For each career path,
the head of each executive agency shall identify the
critical acquisition-related duties and tasks in which,
at minimum, employees of the agency in the career path
shall be competent to perform at full performance grade
levels. For this purpose, the head of the executive
agency shall provide appropriate coverage of the
critical duties and tasks identified by the Director of
the Federal Acquisition Institute.
(C) Mandatory training and education.--For each career
path, the head of each executive agency shall establish
requirements for the completion of course work and
related on-the-job training in the critical acquisition-
related duties and tasks of the career path. The head of
each executive agency also shall encourage employees to
maintain the currency of their acquisition knowledge and
generally enhance their knowledge of related acquisition
management disciplines through academic programs and
other self-developmental activities.
(2) Performance incentives.--The head of each executive agency
shall provide for an enhanced system of incentives to encourage
excellence in the acquisition workforce that rewards

[[Page 3704]]

performance of employees who contribute to achieving the
agency's performance goals. The system of incentives shall
include provisions that--
(A) relate pay to performance (including the extent to
which the performance of personnel in the workforce
contributes to achieving the cost goals, schedule goals,
and performance goals established for acquisition
programs pursuant to section 3103(b) of this title); and
(B) provide for consideration, in personnel
evaluations and promotion decisions, of the extent to
which the performance of personnel in the workforce
contributes to achieving the cost goals, schedule goals,
and performance goals.

(g) Qualification Requirements.--
(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Administrator
shall--
(A) establish qualification requirements, including
education requirements, for--
(i) entry-level positions in the General
Schedule Contracting series (GS-1102);
(ii) senior positions in the General Schedule
Contracting series (GS-1102);
(iii) all positions in the General Schedule
Purchasing series (GS-1105); and
(iv) positions in other General Schedule series
in which significant acquisition-related functions
are performed; and
(B) prescribe the manner and extent to which the
qualification requirements shall apply to an individual
serving in a position described in subparagraph (A) at
the time the requirements are established.
(2) Relationship to requirements applicable to defense
acquisition workforce.--The Administrator shall establish
qualification requirements and make prescriptions under
paragraph (1) that are comparable to those established for the
same or equivalent positions pursuant to chapter 87 of title 10
with appropriate modifications.
(3) Approval of requirements.--The Administrator shall submit
any requirement established or prescription made under paragraph
(1) to the Director of the Office of Personnel Management for
approval. The Director is deemed to have approved the
requirement or prescription if the Director does not disapprove
the requirement or prescription within 30 days after receiving
it.

(h) Education and Training.--
(1) Funding levels.--The head of an executive agency shall set
forth separately the funding levels requested for educating and
training the acquisition workforce in the budget justification
documents submitted in support of the President's budget
submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31.
(2) Tuition assistance.--The head of an executive agency may
provide tuition reimbursement in education (including a full-
time course of study leading to a degree) in accordance with
section 4107 of title 5 for personnel serving in acquisition
positions in the agency.
(3) Restricted obligation.--Amounts appropriated for education
and training under this section may not be obligated for another
purpose.

[[Page 3705]]

(i) Training Fund.--
(1) Purposes.--The purposes of this subsection are to ensure
that the Federal acquisition workforce--
(A) adapts to fundamental changes in the nature of
Federal Government acquisition of property and services
associated with the changing roles of the Federal
Government; and
(B) acquires new skills and a new perspective to
enable it to contribute effectively in the changing
environment of the 21st century.
(2) Establishment and management of fund.--There is an
acquisition workforce training fund. The Administrator of
General Services shall manage the fund through the Federal
Acquisition Institute to support the training of the acquisition
workforce of the executive agencies, except as provided in
paragraph (5). The Administrator of General Services shall
consult with the Administrator in managing the fund.
(3) Credits to fund.--Five percent of the fees collected by
executive agencies (other than the Department of Defense) under
the following contracts shall be credited to the fund:
(A) Government-wide task and delivery-order contracts
entered into under sections 4103 and 4105 of this title.
(B) Government-wide contracts for the acquisition of
information technology as defined in section 11101 of
title 40 and multiagency acquisition contracts for that
technology authorized by section 11314 of title 40.
(C) multiple-award schedule contracts entered into by
the Administrator of General Services.
(4) Remittance by head of executive agency.--The head of an
executive agency that administers a contract described in
paragraph (3) shall remit to the General Services Administration
the amount required to be credited to the fund with respect to
the contract at the end of each quarter of the fiscal year.
(5) Transfer and use of fees collected from department of
defense.--The Administrator of General Services shall transfer
to the Secretary of Defense fees collected from the Department
of Defense pursuant to paragraph (3). The Defense Acquisition
University shall use the fees for acquisition workforce
training.
(6) Amounts not to be used for other purposes.--The
Administrator of General Services, through the Office of Federal
Procurememt Policy, shall ensure that amounts collected for
training under this subsection are not used for a purpose other
than the purpose specified in paragraph (2).
(7) Amounts are in addition to other amounts for education and
training.--Amounts credited to the fund are in addition to
amounts requested and appropriated for education and training
referred to in subsection (h)(1).
(8) Availability of amounts.--Amounts credited to the fund
remain available to be expended only in the fiscal year for
which they are credited and the 2 succeeding fiscal years.

(j) Recruitment Program.--
(1) Shortage category positions.--For purposes of sections
3304, 5333, and 5753 of title 5, the head of a department or
agency of the Federal Government (other than the Secretary of
Defense) may determine, under regulations prescribed by the
Office of Personnel Management, that certain Federal acquisition
positions (as described in subsection (g)(1)(A)) are

[[Page 3706]]

shortage category positions in order to use the authorities in
those sections to recruit and appoint highly qualified
individuals directly to those positions in the department or
agency.
(2) Termination of authority.--The head of a department or
agency may not appoint an individual to a position of employment
under this subsection after September 30, 2012.

(k) Reemployment Without Loss of Annuity.--
(1) Establishment of policies and procedures.--The head of
each executive agency, after consultation with the Administrator
and the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, shall
establish policies and procedures under which the agency head
may reemploy in an acquisition-related position (as described in
subsection (g)(1)(A)) an individual receiving an annuity from
the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund, on the basis
of the individual's service, without discontinuing the annuity.
The head of each executive agency shall keep the Administrator
informed of the agency's use of this authority.
(2) Criteria for continuation of annuity.--Policies and
procedures established under paragraph (1) shall authorize the
head of the executive agency, on a case-by-case basis, to
continue an annuity if any of the following makes the
reemployment of an individual essential:
(A) The unusually high or unique qualifications of an
individual receiving an annuity from the Civil Service
Retirement and Disability Fund on the basis of the
individual's service.
(B) The exceptional difficulty in recruiting or
retaining a qualified employee.
(C) A temporary emergency hiring need.
(3) Service not subject to csrs or fers.--An individual
reemployed under this subsection shall not be deemed an employee
for purposes of chapter 83 or 84 of title 5.
(4) Reporting requirement.--The Administrator shall submit
annually to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland
Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on the
use of the authority under this subsection, including the number
of employees reemployed under authority of this subsection.
(5) Sunset provision.--The authority under this subsection
expires on December 31, 2011.

Sec. 1704. Planning and policy-making for acquisition workforce

(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Associate Administrator.--The term ``Associate
Administrator'' means the Associate Administrator for
Acquisition Workforce Programs as designated by the
Administrator pursuant to subsection (b).
(2) Chief Acquisition Officer.--The term ``Chief Acquisition
Officer'' means a Chief Acquisition Officer for an executive
agency appointed pursuant to section 1702 of this title.

(b) Associate Administrator for Acquisition Workforce Programs.--The
Administrator shall designate a member of the Senior Executive Service
as the Associate Administrator for Acquisition Workforce Programs. The
Associate Administrator shall be located in the Federal Acquisition
Institute (or its successor). The Associate Administrator shall be
responsible for--

[[Page 3707]]

(1) supervising the acquisition workforce training fund
established under section 1703(i) of this title;
(2) developing, in coordination with Chief Acquisition
Officers and Chief Human Capital Officers, a strategic human
capital plan for the acquisition workforce of the Federal
Government;
(3) reviewing and providing input to individual agency
acquisition workforce succession plans;
(4) recommending to the Administrator and other senior
government officials appropriate programs, policies, and
practices to increase the quantity and quality of the Federal
acquisition workforce; and
(5) carrying out other functions that the Administrator may
assign.

(c) Acquisition and Contracting Training Programs Within Executive
Agencies.--
(1) Chief Acquisition Officer authorities and
responsibilities.--Subject to the authority, direction, and
control of the head of an executive agency, the Chief
Acquisition Officer for that agency shall carry out all powers,
functions, and duties of the head of the agency with respect to
implementation of this subsection. The Chief Acquisition Officer
shall ensure that the policies established by the head of the
agency in accordance with this subsection are implemented
throughout the agency.
(2) Requirement.--The head of each executive agency, after
consultation with the Associate Administrator, shall establish
and operate acquisition and contracting training programs. The
programs shall--
(A) have curricula covering a broad range of
acquisition and contracting disciplines corresponding to
the specific acquisition and contracting needs of the
agency involved;
(B) be developed and applied according to rigorous
standards; and
(C) be designed to maximize efficiency, through the
use of self-paced courses, online courses, on-the-job
training, and the use of remote instructors, wherever
those features can be applied without reducing the
effectiveness of the training or negatively affecting
academic standards.

(d)  Government-wide Policies and Evaluation.--The Administrator shall
issue policies to promote the development of performance standards for
training and uniform implementation of this section by executive
agencies, with due regard for differences in program requirements among
agencies that may be appropriate and warranted in view of the agency
mission. The Administrator shall evaluate the implementation of the
provisions of subsection (c) by executive agencies.
(e) Information on Acquisition and Contracting Training.--The
Administrator shall ensure that the heads of executive agencies collect
and maintain standardized information on the acquisition and contracting
workforce related to the implementation of subsection (c).
(f) Acquisition Workforce Human Capital Succession Plan.--
(1) In general.--Each Chief Acquisition Officer for an
executive agency shall develop, in consultation with the Chief
Human Capital Officer for the agency and the Associate
Administrator, a succession plan consistent with the agency's
strategic human capital plan for the recruitment, development,
and retention of the agency's acquisition workforce, with a
particular focus

[[Page 3708]]

on warranted contracting officers and program managers of the
agency.
(2) Content of plan.--The acquisition workforce succession
plan shall address--
(A) recruitment goals for personnel from procurement
intern programs;
(B) the agency's acquisition workforce training needs;
(C) actions to retain high performing acquisition
professionals who possess critical relevant skills;
(D) recruitment goals for personnel from the Federal
Career Intern Program; and
(E) recruitment goals for personnel from the
Presidential Management Fellows Program.

(g) Acquisition Workforce Development Strategic Plan.--
(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to authorize
the preparation and completion of the Acquisition Workforce
Development Strategic Plan, which is a plan for Federal agencies
other than the Department of Defense to--
(A) develop a specific and actionable 5-year plan to
increase the size of the acquisition workforce; and
(B) operate a government-wide acquisition intern
program for the Federal agencies.
(2) Establishment of plan.--The Associate Administrator shall
be responsible for the management, oversight, and administration
of the Acquisition Workforce Development Strategic Plan in
cooperation and consultation with the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy and with the assistance of the Federal
Acquisition Institute.
(3) Criteria.--The Acquisition Workforce Development Strategic
Plan shall include an examination of the following matters:
(A) The variety and complexity of acquisitions
conducted by each Federal agency covered by the plan,
and the workforce needed to effectively carry out the
acquisitions.
(B) The development of a sustainable funding model to
support efforts to hire, retain, and train an
acquisition workforce of appropriate size and skill to
effectively carry out the acquisition programs of the
Federal agencies covered by the plan, including an
examination of interagency funding methods and a
discussion of how the model of the Defense Acquisition
Workforce Development Fund could be applied to civilian
agencies.
(C) Any strategic human capital planning necessary to
hire, retain, and train an acquisition workforce of
appropriate size and skill at each Federal agency
covered by the plan.
(D) Methodologies that Federal agencies covered by the
plan can use to project future acquisition workforce
personnel hiring requirements, including an appropriate
distribution of such personnel across each category of
positions designated as acquisition workforce personnel
under section 1703(g) of this title.
(E) Government-wide training standards and
certification requirements necessary to enhance the
mobility and career opportunities of the Federal
acquisition workforce within the Federal agencies
covered by the plan.
(F) If the Associate Administrator recommends as part
of the plan a growth in the acquisition workforce of the

[[Page 3709]]

Federal agencies covered by the plan below 25 percent
over the next 5 years, an examination of each of the
matters specified in subparagraphs (A) to (E) in the
context of a 5-year plan that increases the size of such
acquisition workforce by not less than 25 percent, or an
explanation why such a level of growth would not be in
the best interest of the Federal Government.
(4) Deadline for completion.--The Acquisition Workforce
Development Strategic Plan shall be completed not later than one
year after October 14, 2008, and in a fashion that allows for
immediate implementation of its recommendations and guidelines.
(5) Funds.--The acquisition workforce development strategic
plan shall be funded from the acquisition workforce training
fund under section 1703(i) of this title.

(h) Training in the Acquisition of Architect and Engineering
Services.--The Administrator shall ensure that a sufficient number of
Federal employees are trained in the acquisition of architect and
engineering services.
(i) Utilization of Recruitment and Retention Authorities.--The
Administrator, in coordination with the Director of the Office of
Personnel Management, shall encourage executive agencies to use existing
authorities, including direct hire authority and tuition assistance
programs, to recruit and retain acquisition personnel and consider
recruiting acquisition personnel who may be retiring from the private
sector, consistent with existing laws and regulations.

Sec. 1705. Advocates for competition

(a) Establishment and Designation.--
(1) Establishment.--Each executive agency has an advocate for
competition.
(2) Designation.--The head of each executive agency shall--
(A) designate for the executive agency and for each
procuring activity of the executive agency one officer
or employee serving in a position authorized for the
executive agency on July 18, 1984 (other than the senior
procurement executive designated pursuant to section
1702(c) of this title) to serve as the advocate for
competition;
(B) not assign those officers or employees duties or
responsibilities that are inconsistent with the duties
and responsibilities of the advocates for competition;
and
(C) provide those officers or employees with the staff
or assistance necessary to carry out the duties and
responsibilities of the advocate for competition, such
as individuals who are specialists in engineering,
technical operations, contract administration, financial
management, supply management, and utilization of small
and disadvantaged business concerns.

(b) Duties and Functions.--The advocate for competition of an
executive agency shall--
(1) be responsible for challenging barriers to, and promoting
full and open competition in, the procurement of property and
services by the executive agency;
(2) review the procurement activities of the executive agency;
(3) identify and report to the senior procurement executive of
the executive agency--

[[Page 3710]]

(A) opportunities and actions taken to achieve full
and open competition in the procurement activities of
the executive agency; and
(B) any condition or action which has the effect of
unnecessarily restricting competition in the procurement
actions of the executive agency;
(4) prepare and transmit to the senior procurement executive
an annual report describing--
(A) the advocate's activities under this section;
(B) new initiatives required to increase competition;
and
(C) remaining barriers to full and open competition;
(5) recommend to the senior procurement executive--
(A) goals and the plans for increasing competition on
a fiscal year basis; and
(B) a system of personal and organizational
accountability for competition, which may include the
use of recognition and awards to motivate program
managers, contracting officers, and others in authority
to promote competition in procurement programs; and
(6) describe other ways in which the executive agency has
emphasized competition in programs for procurement training and
research.

(c) Responsibilities.--The advocate for competition for each procuring
activity is responsible for promoting full and open competition,
promoting the acquisition of commercial items, and challenging barriers
to acquisition, including unnecessarily restrictive statements of need,
unnecessarily detailed specifications, and unnecessarily burdensome
contract clauses.

Sec. 1706. Personnel evaluation

The head of each executive agency subject to division C shall ensure,
with respect to the employees of that agency whose primary duties and
responsibilities pertain to the award of contracts subject to the
provisions of the Small Business and Federal Procurement Competition
Enhancement Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-577, 98 Stat. 3066), that the
performance appraisal system applicable to those employees affords
appropriate recognition to, among other factors, efforts to--
(1) increase competition and achieve cost savings through the
elimination of procedures that unnecessarily inhibit full and
open competition;
(2) further the purposes of the Small Business and Federal
Procurement Competition Enhancement Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-
577, 98 Stat. 3066) and the Defense Procurement Reform Act of
1984 (Public Law 98-525, title XII, 98 Stat. 2588); and
(3) further other objectives and purposes of the Federal
acquisition system authorized by law.

Sec. 1707. Publication of proposed regulations

(a) Covered Policies, Regulations, Procedures, and Forms.--
(1) Required comment period.--Except as provided in subsection
(d), a procurement policy, regulation, procedure, or form
(including an amendment or modification thereto) may not take
effect until 60 days after it is published for public comment in
the Federal Register pursuant to subsection (b) if it--
(A) relates to the expenditure of appropriated funds;
and

[[Page 3711]]

(B)(i) has a significant effect beyond the internal
operating procedures of the agency issuing the policy,
regulation, procedure, or form; or
(ii) has a significant cost or administrative impact
on contractors or offerors.
(2) Exception.--A policy, regulation, procedure, or form may
take effect earlier than 60 days after the publication date when
there are compelling circumstances for the earlier effective
date, but the effective date may not be less than 30 days after
the publication date.

(b) Publication in Federal Register and Comment Period.--Subject to
subsection (c), the head of the agency shall have published in the
Federal Register a notice of the proposed procurement policy,
regulation, procedure, or form and provide for a public comment period
for receiving and considering the views of all interested parties on the
proposal. The length of the comment period may not be less than 30 days.
(c) Contents of Notice.--Notice of a proposed procurement policy,
regulation, procedure, or form prepared for publication in the Federal
Register shall include--
(1) the text of the proposal or, if it is impracticable to
publish the full text of the proposal, a summary of the proposal
and a statement specifying the name, address, and telephone
number of the officer or employee of the executive agency from
whom the full text may be obtained; and
(2) a request for interested parties to submit comments on the
proposal and the name and address of the officer or employee of
the Federal Government designated to receive the comments.

(d) Waiver.--The requirements of subsections (a) and (b) may be waived
by the officer authorized to issue a procurement policy, regulation,
procedure, or form if urgent and compelling circumstances make
compliance with the requirements impracticable.
(e) Effectiveness of Policy, Regulation, Procedure, or Form.--
(1) Temporary basis.--A procurement policy, regulation,
procedure, or form for which the requirements of subsections (a)
and (b) are waived under subsection (d) is effective on a
temporary basis if--
(A) a notice of the policy, regulation, procedure, or
form is published in the Federal Register and includes a
statement that the policy, regulation, procedure, or
form is temporary; and
(B) provision is made for a public comment period of
30 days beginning on the date on which the notice is
published.
(2) Final policy, regulation, procedure, or form.--After
considering the comments received, the head of the agency
waiving the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) under
subsection (d) may issue the final procurement policy,
regulation, procedure, or form.

Sec. 1708. Procurement notice

(a) Notice Requirement.--Except as provided in subsection (b)--
(1) an executive agency intending to solicit bids or proposals
for a contract for property or services for a price expected to
exceed $10,000, but not to exceed $25,000, shall post, for not
less than 10 days, in a public place at the contracting

[[Page 3712]]

office issuing the solicitation a notice of solicitation
described in subsection (c);
(2) an executive agency shall publish a notice of solicitation
described in subsection (c) if the agency intends to--
(A) solicit bids or proposals for a contract for
property or services for a price expected to exceed
$25,000; or
(B) place an order, expected to exceed $25,000, under
a basic agreement, basic ordering agreement, or similar
arrangement; and
(3) an executive agency awarding a contract for property or
services for a price exceeding $25,000, or placing an order
exceeding $25,000 under a basic agreement, basic ordering
agreement, or similar arrangement, shall furnish for publication
a notice announcing the award or order if there is likely to be
a subcontract under the contract or order.

(b) Exemptions.--
(1) In general.--A notice is not required under subsection (a)
if--
(A) the proposed procurement is for an amount not
greater than the simplified acquisition threshold and is
to be conducted by--
(i) using widespread electronic public notice of
the solicitation in a form that allows convenient
and universal user access through a single,
Government-wide point of entry; and
(ii) permitting the public to respond to the
solicitation electronically;
(B) the notice would disclose the executive agency's
needs and disclosure would compromise national security;
(C) the proposed procurement would result from
acceptance of--
(i) an unsolicited proposal that demonstrates a
unique and innovative research concept and
publication of a notice of the unsolicited
research proposal would disclose the originality
of thought or innovativeness of the proposal or
would disclose proprietary information associated
with the proposal; or
(ii) a proposal submitted under section 9 of the
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638);
(D) the procurement is made against an order placed
under a requirements contract, a task order contract, or
a delivery order contract;
(E) the procurement is made for perishable subsistence
supplies;
(F) the procurement is for utility services, other
than telecommunication services, and only one source is
available; or
(G) the procurement is for the services of an expert
for use in any litigation or dispute (including any
reasonably foreseeable litigation or dispute) involving
the Federal Government in a trial, hearing, or
proceeding before a court, administrative tribunal, or
agency, or in any part of an alternative dispute
resolution process, whether or not the expert is
expected to testify.
(2) Certain procurements.--The requirements of subsection
(a)(2) do not apply to a procurement--

[[Page 3713]]

(A) under conditions described in paragraph (2), (3),
(4), (5), or (7) of section 3304(a) of this title or
paragraph (2), (3), (4), (5), or (7) of section 2304(c)
of title 10; or
(B) for which the head of the executive agency makes a
determination in writing, after consultation with the
Administrator and the Administrator of the Small
Business Administration, that it is not appropriate or
reasonable to publish a notice before issuing a
solicitation.
(3) Implementation consistent with international agreements.--
Paragraph (1)(A) shall be implemented in a manner consistent
with applicable international agreements.

(c) Contents of Notice.--Each notice of solicitation required by
paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) shall include--
(1) an accurate description of the property or services to be
contracted for, which description--
(A) shall not be unnecessarily restrictive of
competition; and
(B) shall include, as appropriate, the agency
nomenclature, National Stock Number or other part
number, and a brief description of the item's form, fit,
or function, physical dimensions, predominant material
of manufacture, or similar information that will assist
a prospective contractor to make an informed business
judgment as to whether a copy of the solicitation should
be requested;
(2) provisions that--
(A)(i) state whether the technical data required to
respond to the solicitation will not be furnished as
part of the solicitation; and
(ii) identify the source in the Federal Government, if
any, from which the technical data may be obtained; and
(B)(i) state whether an offeror or its product or
service must meet a qualification requirement in order
to be eligible for award; and
(ii) if so, identify the office from which the
qualification requirement may be obtained;
(3) the name, business address, and telephone number of the
contracting officer;
(4) a statement that all responsible sources may submit a bid,
proposal, or quotation (as appropriate) that the agency shall
consider;
(5) in the case of a procurement using procedures other than
competitive procedures, a statement of the reason justifying the
use of those procedures and the identity of the intended source;
and
(6) in the case of a contract in an amount estimated to be
greater than $25,000 but not greater than the simplified
acquisition threshold, or a contract for the procurement of
commercial items using special simplified procedures--
(A) a description of the procedures to be used in
awarding the contract; and
(B) a statement specifying the periods for prospective
offerors and the contracting officer to take the
necessary preaward and award actions.

(d) Electronic Publication of Notice of Solicitation, Award, or
Order.--A notice of solicitation, award, or order required to be
published under subsection (a) shall be published by electronic means.
The notice must be electronically accessible in a form that allows
convenient and universal user access through the single

[[Page 3714]]

Government-wide point of entry designated in the Federal Acquisition
Regulation.
(e) Time Limitations.--
(1) Issuing notice of solicitation and establishing deadline
for submitting bids and proposals.--An executive agency required
by subsection (a)(2) to publish a notice of solicitation may
not--
(A) issue the solicitation earlier than 15 days after
the date on which the notice is published; or
(B) in the case of a contract or order expected to be
greater than the simplified acquisition threshold,
establish a deadline for the submission of all bids or
proposals in response to the notice required by
subsection (a)(2) that--
(i) in the case of a solicitation for research
and development, is earlier than 45 days after the
date the notice required for a bid or proposal for
a contract described in subsection (a)(2)(A) is
published;
(ii) in the case of an order under a basic
agreement, basic ordering agreement, or similar
arrangement, is earlier than 30 days after the
date the notice required for an order described in
subsection (a)(2)(B) is published; or
(iii) in any other case, is earlier than 30 days
after the date the solicitation is issued.
(2) Establishing deadline when none provided by statute.--An
executive agency shall establish a deadline for the submission
of all bids or proposals in response to a solicitation for which
a deadline is not provided by statute. Each deadline for the
submission of offers shall afford potential offerors a
reasonable opportunity to respond.
(3) Flexible deadlines.--The Administrator shall prescribe
regulations defining limited circumstances in which flexible
deadlines can be used under paragraph (1) for the issuance of
solicitations and the submission of bids or proposals for the
procurement of commercial items.

(f) Consideration of Certain Timely Received Offers.--An executive
agency intending to solicit offers for a contract for which a notice of
solicitation is required to be posted under subsection (a)(1) shall
ensure that contracting officers consider each responsive offer timely
received from an offeror.
(g) Availability of Complete Solicitation Package and Payment of
Fee.--An executive agency shall make available to a business concern, or
the authorized representative of a concern, the complete solicitation
package for any on-going procurement announced pursuant to a notice of
solicitation under subsection (a). An executive agency may require the
payment of a fee, not exceeding the actual cost of duplication, for a
copy of the package.

Sec. 1709. Contracting functions performed by Federal personnel

(a) Covered Personnel.--Personnel referred to in subsection (b) are--
(1) an employee, as defined in section 2105 of title 5;
(2) a member of the armed forces; and
(3) an individual assigned to a Federal agency pursuant to
subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5.

[[Page 3715]]

(b) Limitation on Payment for Advisory and Assistance Services.--No
individual who is not an individual described in subsection (a) may be
paid by an executive agency for services to conduct evaluations or
analyses of any aspect of a proposal submitted for an acquisition unless
personnel described in subsection (a) with adequate training and
capabilities to perform the evaluations and analyses are not readily
available in the agency or another Federal agency. When administering
this subsection, the head of each executive agency shall determine in
accordance with standards and procedures prescribed in the Federal
Acquisition Regulation whether--
(1) a sufficient number of personnel described in subsection
(a) in the agency or another Federal agency are readily
available to perform a particular evaluation or analysis for the
head of the executive agency making the determination; and
(2) the readily available personnel have the training and
capabilities necessary to perform the evaluation or analysis.

(c) Certain Relationship Not Affected.--This section does not affect
the relationship between the Federal Government and a Federally funded
research and development center.

Sec. 1710. Public-private competition required before conversion to
contractor performance

(a) Public-private competition.--
(1) When conversion to contractor performance is allowed.--A
function of an executive agency performed by 10 or more agency
civilian employees may not be converted, in whole or in part, to
performance by a contractor unless the conversion is based on
the results of a public-private competition that--
(A) formally compares the cost of performance of the
function by agency civilian employees with the cost of
performance by a contractor;
(B) creates an agency tender, including a most
efficient organization plan, in accordance with Office
of Management and Budget Circular A76, as implemented on
May 29, 2003, or any successor circular;
(C) includes the issuance of a solicitation;
(D) determines whether the submitted offers meet the
needs of the executive agency with respect to factors
other than cost, including quality, reliability, and
timeliness;
(E) examines the cost of performance of the function
by agency civilian employees and the cost of performance
of the function by one or more contractors to
demonstrate whether converting to performance by a
contractor will result in savings to the Federal
Government over the life of the contract, including--
(i) the estimated cost to the Federal Government
(based on offers received) for performance of the
function by a contractor;
(ii) the estimated cost to the Federal
Government for performance of the function by
agency civilian employees; and
(iii) an estimate of all other costs and
expenditures that the Federal Government would
incur because of the award of the contract;
(F) requires continued performance of the function by
agency civilian employees unless the difference in the
cost

[[Page 3716]]

of performance of the function by a contractor compared
to the cost of performance of the function by agency
civilian employees would, over all performance periods
required by the solicitation, be equal to or exceed the
lesser of--
(i) 10 percent of the personnel-related costs
for performance of that function in the agency
tender; or
(ii) $10,000,000; and
(G) examines the effect of performance of the function
by a contractor on the agency mission associated with
the performance of the function.
(2) Not a new requirement.--A function that is performed by
the executive agency and is reengineered, reorganized,
modernized, upgraded, expanded, or changed to become more
efficient, but still essentially provides the same service,
shall not be considered a new requirement.
(3) Prohibitions.--In no case may a function being performed
by executive agency personnel be--
(A) modified, reorganized, divided, or in any way
changed for the purpose of exempting the conversion of
the function from the requirements of this section; or
(B) converted to performance by a contractor to
circumvent a civilian personnel ceiling.

(b) Consulting With Affected Employees or Their Representatives.--
(1) Consulting with affected employees.--Each civilian
employee of an executive agency responsible for determining
under Office of Management and Budget Circular A76 whether to
convert to contractor performance any function of the executive
agency--
(A) shall, at least monthly during the development and
preparation of the performance work statement and the
management efficiency study used in making that
determination, consult with civilian employees who will
be affected by that determination and consider the views
of the employees on the development and preparation of
that statement and that study; and
(B) may consult with the employees on other matters
relating to that determination.
(2) Consulting with representatives.--
(A) Employees represented by a labor organization.--In
the case of employees represented by a labor
organization accorded exclusive recognition under
section 7111 of title 5, consultation with
representatives of that labor organization shall satisfy
the consultation requirement in paragraph (1).
(B) Employees not represented by a labor
organization.--In the case of employees other than
employees referred to in subparagraph (A), consultation
with appropriate representatives of those employees
shall satisfy the consultation requirement in paragraph
(1).
(3) Regulations.--The head of each executive agency shall
prescribe regulations to carry out this subsection. The
regulations shall include provisions for the selection or
designation of appropriate representatives of employees referred
to in paragraph (2)(B) for purposes of consultation required by
paragraph (1).

(c) Congressional Notification.--

[[Page 3717]]

(1) Report.--Before commencing a public-private competition
under subsection (a), the head of an executive agency shall
submit to Congress a report containing the following:
(A) The function for which the public-private
competition is to be conducted.
(B) The location at which the function is performed by
agency civilian employees.
(C) The number of agency civilian employee positions
potentially affected.
(D) The anticipated length and cost of the public-
private competition, and a specific identification of
the budgetary line item from which funds will be used to
cover the cost of the public-private competition.
(E) A certification that a proposed performance of the
function by a contractor is not a result of a decision
by an official of an executive agency to impose
predetermined constraints or limitations on agency
civilian employees in terms of man years, end strengths,
full-time equivalent positions, or maximum number of
employees.
(2) Examination of potential economic effect.--The report
required under paragraph (1) shall include an examination of the
potential economic effect of performance of the function by a
contractor on--
(A) agency civilian employees who would be affected by
such a conversion in performance; and
(B) the local community and the Federal Government, if
more than 50 agency civilian employees perform the
function.
(3) Objections to public-private competition.--
(A) Grounds.--A representative individual or entity at
a facility where a public-private competition is
conducted may submit to the head of the executive agency
an objection to the public-private competition on the
grounds that--
(i) the report required by paragraph (1) has not
been submitted; or
(ii) the certification required by paragraph
(1)(E) was not included in the report required by
paragraph (1).
(B) Deadlines.--The objection shall be in writing and
shall be submitted within 90 days after the following
date:
(i) In the case of a failure to submit the
report when required, the date on which the
representative individual or an official of the
representative entity authorized to pose the
objection first knew or should have known of that
failure.
(ii) In the case of a failure to include the
certification in a submitted report, the date on
which the report was submitted to Congress.
(C) Report and certification required before
solicitation or award of contract.--If the head of the
executive agency determines that the report required by
paragraph (1) was not submitted or that the required
certification was not included in the submitted report,
the function for which the public-private competition
was conducted for which the objection was submitted may
not be the subject of a solicitation of offers for, or
award of, a contract

[[Page 3718]]

until, respectively, the report is submitted or a report
containing the certification in full compliance with the
certification requirement is submitted.

(d) Exemption for the Purchase of Products and Services of the Blind
and Other Severely Disabled People.--This section shall not apply to a
commercial or industrial type function of an executive agency that is--
(1) included on the procurement list established pursuant to
section 8503 of this title; or
(2) planned to be changed to performance by a qualified
nonprofit agency for the blind or by a qualified nonprofit
agency for other severely disabled people in accordance with
chapter 85 of this title.

(e) Inapplicability During War or Emergency.--The provisions of this
section shall not apply during war or during a period of national
emergency declared by the President or Congress.

Sec. 1711. Value engineering

Each executive agency shall establish and maintain cost-effective
procedures and processes for analyzing the functions of a program,
project, system, product, item of equipment, building, facility,
service, or supply of the agency. The analysis shall be--
(1) performed by qualified agency or contractor personnel; and
(2) directed at improving performance, reliability, quality,
safety, and life cycle costs.

Sec. 1712. Record requirements

(a) Maintaining Records on Computer.--Each executive agency shall
establish and maintain for 5 years a computer file, by fiscal year,
containing unclassified records of all procurements greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold in that fiscal year.
(b) Contents.--The record established under subsection (a) shall
include, with respect to each procurement carried out using--
(1) competitive procedures--
(A) the date of contract award;
(B) information identifying the source to whom the
contract was awarded;
(C) the property or services the Federal Government
obtains under the procurement; and
(D) the total cost of the procurement; or
(2) procedures other than competitive procedures--
(A) the information described in paragraph (1);
(B) the reason under section 3304(a) of this title or
section 2304(c) of title 10 for using the procedures;
and
(C) the identity of the organization or activity that
conducted the procurement.

(c) Separate Record Category for Procurements Resulting in One Bid or
Proposal.--Information included in a record pursuant to subsection
(b)(1) that relates to procurements resulting in the submission of a bid
or proposal by only one responsible source shall be separately
categorized from the information relating to other procurements included
in the record. The record of that information shall be designated
``noncompetitive procurements using competitive procedures''.
(d) Transmission and Data Entry of Information.--The head of each
executive agency shall--

[[Page 3719]]

(1) ensure the accuracy of the information included in the
record established and maintained by the agency under subsection
(a); and
(2) transmit in a timely manner such information to the
General Services Administration for entry into the Federal
Procurement Data System referred to in section 1122(a)(4) of
this title, or any successor system.

Sec. 1713. Procurement data

(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Qualified hubzone small business concern.--The term
``qualified HUBZone small business concern'' has the meaning
given that term in section 3(p) of the Small Business Act (15
U.S.C. 632(p)).
(2) Small business concern owned and controlled by socially
and economically disadvantaged individuals.--The term ``small
business concern owned and controlled by socially and
economically disadvantaged individuals'' has the meaning given
that term in section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C.
637(d)).
(3) Small business concern owned and controlled by women.--The
term ``small business concern owned and controlled by women''
has the meaning given that term in section 8(d) of the Small
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)) and section 204 of the Women's
Business Ownership Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-533, 102 Stat.
2692).

(b) Reporting.--Each Federal agency shall report to the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy the number of qualified HUBZone small
business concerns, the number of small businesses owned and controlled
by women, and the number of small business concerns owned and controlled
by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, by gender, that
are first time recipients of contracts from the agency. The Office shall
take appropriate action to ascertain, for each fiscal year, the number
of those small businesses that have newly entered the Federal market.

CHAPTER 19--SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES

Sec.
1901.  Simplified acquisition procedures.
1902.  Procedures applicable to purchases below micro-purchase
threshold.
1903.  Special emergency procurement authority.
1904.  Certain transactions for defense against attack.
1905.  List of laws inapplicable to contracts or subcontracts not
greater than simplified acquisition threshold.
1906.  List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercial items.
1907.  List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercially
available off-the-shelf items.
1908.  Inflation adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

Sec. 1901. Simplified acquisition procedures

(a) When Procedures Are To Be Used.--To promote efficiency and economy
in contracting and to avoid unnecessary burdens for agencies and
contractors, the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall provide for
special simplified procedures for purchases of property and services for
amounts--
(1) not greater than the simplified acquisition threshold; and
(2) greater than the simplified acquisition threshold but not
greater than $5,000,000 for which the contracting officer
reasonably expects, based on the nature of the property or
services

[[Page 3720]]

sought and on market research, that offers will include only
commercial items.

(b) Prohibition on Dividing Purchases.--A proposed purchase or
contract for an amount above the simplified acquisition threshold may
not be divided into several purchases or contracts for lesser amounts to
use the simplified acquisition procedures required by subsection (a).
(c) Promotion of Competition Required.--When using simplified
acquisition procedures, the head of an executive agency shall promote
competition to the maximum extent practicable.
(d) Consideration of Offers Timely Received.--The simplified
acquisition procedures contained in the Federal Acquisition Regulation
shall include a requirement that a contracting officer consider each
responsive offer timely received from an eligible offeror.
(e) Special Rules for Commercial Items.--The Federal Acquisition
Regulation shall provide that an executive agency using special
simplified procedures to purchase commercial items--
(1) shall publish a notice in accordance with section 1708 of
this title and, as provided in section 1708(c)(4) of this title,
permit all responsible sources to submit a bid, proposal, or
quotation (as appropriate) that the agency shall consider;
(2) may not conduct the purchase on a sole source basis unless
the need to do so is justified in writing and approved in
accordance with section 2304(f) of title 10 or section 3304(e)
of this title, as applicable; and
(3) shall include in the contract file a written description
of the procedures used in awarding the contract and the number
of offers received.

Sec. 1902. Procedures applicable to purchases below micro-purchase
threshold

(a) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the micro-purchase
threshold is $3,000.
(b) Compliance With Certain Requirements and Nonapplicability of
Certain Authority.--
(1) Compliance with certain requirements.--The head of each
executive agency shall ensure that procuring activities of that
agency, when awarding a contract with a price exceeding the
micro-purchase threshold, comply with the requirements of
section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)),
section 2323 of title 10, and section 7102 of the Federal
Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-355, 15
U.S.C. 644 note).
(2) Nonapplicability of certain authority.--The authority
under part 13.106(a)(1) of the Federal Acquisition Regulation
(48 C.F.R. 13.106(a)(1)), as in effect on November 18, 1993, to
make purchases without securing competitive quotations does not
apply to a purchase with a price exceeding the micro-purchase
threshold.

(c) Nonapplicability of Certain Provisions.--An executive agency
purchase with an anticipated value of the micro-purchase threshold or
less is not subject to section 15(j) of the Small Business Act (15
U.S.C. 644(j)) and chapter 83 of this title.
(d) Purchases Without Competitive Quotations.--A purchase not greater
than $3,000 may be made without obtaining competitive quotations if an
employee of an executive agency or a member of the armed forces,
authorized to do so, determines that the price for the purchase is
reasonable.

[[Page 3721]]

(e) Equitable Distribution.--Purchases not greater than $3,000 shall
be distributed equitably among qualified suppliers.
(f) Implementation Through Federal Acquisition Regulation.--This
section shall be implemented through the Federal Acquisition Regulation.

Sec. 1903. Special emergency procurement authority

(a) Applicability.--The authorities provided in subsections (b) and
(c) apply with respect to a procurement of property or services by or
for an executive agency that the head of the executive agency determines
are to be used--
(1) in support of a contingency operation (as defined in
section 101(a) of title 10); or
(2) to facilitate the defense against or recovery from
nuclear, biological, chemical, or radiological attack against
the United States.

(b) Increased Thresholds and Limitation.--For a procurement to which
this section applies under subsection (a)--
(1) the amount specified in section 1902(a), (d), and (e) of
this title shall be deemed to be--
(A) $15,000 in the case of a contract to be awarded
and performed, or purchase to be made, in the United
States; and
(B) $25,000 in the case of a contract to be awarded
and performed, or purchase to be made, outside the
United States;
(2) the term ``simplified acquisition threshold'' means--
(A) $250,000 in the case of a contract to be awarded
and performed, or purchase to be made, in the United
States; and
(B) $1,000,000 in the case of a contract to be awarded
and performed, or purchase to be made, outside the
United States; and
(3) the $5,000,000 limitation in sections 1901(a)(2) and
3305(a)(2) of this title and section 2304(g)(1)(B) of title 10
is deemed to be $10,000,000.

(c) Authority To Treat Property or Service as Commercial Item.--
(1) In general.--The head of an executive agency carrying out
a procurement of property or a service to which this section
applies under subsection (a)(2) may treat the property or
service as a commercial item for the purpose of carrying out the
procurement.
(2) Certain contracts not exempt from standards or
requirements.--A contract in an amount of more than $15,000,000
that is awarded on a sole source basis for an item or service
treated as a commercial item under paragraph (1) is not exempt
from--
(A) cost accounting standards prescribed under section
1502 of this title; or
(B) cost or pricing data requirements (commonly
referred to as truth in negotiating) under chapter 35 of
this title and section 2306a of title 10.

Sec. 1904. Certain transactions for defense against attack

(a) Authority.--
(1) In general.--The head of an executive agency that engages
in basic research, applied research, advanced research,

[[Page 3722]]

and development projects that are necessary to the
responsibilities of the executive agency in the field of
research and development and have the potential to facilitate
defense against or recovery from terrorism or nuclear,
biological, chemical, or radiological attack may exercise the
same authority (subject to the same restrictions and conditions)
with respect to the research and projects as the Secretary of
Defense may exercise under section 2371 of title 10, except for
subsections (b) and (f) of section 2371.
(2) Prototype projects.--The head of an executive agency,
under the authority of paragraph (1), may carry out prototype
projects that meet the requirements of paragraph (1) in
accordance with the requirements and conditions provided for
carrying out prototype projects under section 845 of the
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public
Law 103-160, 10 U.S.C. 2371 note), including that, to the
maximum extent practicable, competitive procedures shall be used
when entering into agreements to carry out projects under
section 845(a) of that Act and that the period of authority to
carry out projects under section 845(a) of that Act terminates
as provided in section 845(i) of that Act.
(3) Application of requirements and conditions.--In applying
the requirements and conditions of section 845 of that Act under
this subsection--
(A) section 845(c) of that Act shall apply with
respect to prototype projects carried out under
paragraph (2); and
(B) the Director of the Office of Management and
Budget shall perform the functions of the Secretary of
Defense under section 845(d) of that Act.
(4) Applicability to selected executive agencies.--
(A) Office of management and budget.--The head of an
executive agency may exercise authority under this
subsection for a project only if authorized by the
Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
(B) Department of homeland security.--Authority under
this subsection does not apply to the Secretary of
Homeland Security while section 831 of the Homeland
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 391) is in effect.

(b) Regulations.--The Director of the Office of Management and Budget
shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. No transaction
may be conducted under the authority of this section before the
regulations take effect.
(c) Annual Report.--The annual report of the head of an executive
agency that is required under section 2371(h) of title 10, as applied to
the head of the executive agency by subsection (a), shall be submitted
to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the
Senate and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House
of Representatives.
(d) Termination of Authority.--The authority to carry out transactions
under subsection (a) terminates on September 30, 2008.

Sec. 1905. List of laws inapplicable to contracts or subcontracts not
greater than simplified acquisition threshold

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Council'' has the meaning
given that term in section 1301 of this title.
(b) Inclusion in Federal Acquisition Regulation.--
(1) In general.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall
include a list of provisions of law that are inapplicable to

[[Page 3723]]

contracts or subcontracts in amounts not greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold. A provision of law properly
included on the list pursuant to paragraph (2) does not apply to
contracts or subcontracts in amounts not greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold that are made by an executive
agency. This section does not render a provision of law not
included on the list inapplicable to contracts and subcontracts
in amounts not greater than the simplified acquisition
threshold.
(2) Laws enacted after october 13, 1994.--A provision of law
described in subsection (c) that is enacted after October 13,
1994, shall be included on the list of inapplicable provisions
of laws required by paragraph (1) unless the Council makes a
written determination that it would not be in the best interest
of the Federal Government to exempt contracts or subcontracts in
amounts not greater than the simplified acquisition threshold
from the applicability of the provision.

(c) Covered Law.--A provision of law referred to in subsection (b)(2)
is a provision of law that the Council determines sets forth policies,
procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the procurement of
property or services by the Federal Government, except for a provision
of law that--
(1) provides for criminal or civil penalties; or
(2) specifically refers to this section and provides that,
notwithstanding this section, it shall be applicable to
contracts or subcontracts in amounts not greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold.

(d) Petition.--A person may petition the Administrator to take
appropriate action when a provision of law described in subsection (c)
is not included on the list of inapplicable provisions of law as
required by subsection (b) and the Council has not made a written
determination pursuant to subsection (b)(2). The Administrator shall
revise the Federal Acquisition Regulation to include the provision on
the list of inapplicable provisions of law unless the Council makes a
determination pursuant to subsection (b)(2) within 60 days after the
petition is received.

Sec. 1906. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercial items

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Council'' has the meaning
given that term in section 1301 of this title.
(b) Contracts.--
(1) Inclusion in federal acquisition regulation.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall include a list of provisions of law
that are inapplicable to contracts for the procurement of
commercial items. A provision of law properly included on the
list pursuant to paragraph (2) does not apply to purchases of
commercial items by an executive agency. This section does not
render a provision of law not included on the list inapplicable
to contracts for the procurement of commercial items.
(2) Laws enacted after october 13, 1994.--A provision of law
described in subsection (d) that is enacted after October 13,
1994, shall be included on the list of inapplicable provisions
of law required by paragraph (1) unless the Council makes a
written determination that it would not be in the best interest
of the Federal Government to exempt contracts for the
procurement of commercial items from the applicability of the
provision.

[[Page 3724]]

(c) Subcontracts.--
(1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``subcontract''
includes a transfer of commercial items between divisions,
subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor or subcontractor.
(2) Inclusion in federal acquisition regulation.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall include a list of provisions of law
that are inapplicable to subcontracts under a contract or
subcontract for the procurement of commercial items. A provision
of law properly included on the list pursuant to paragraph (3)
does not apply to those subcontracts. This section does not
render a provision of law not included on the list inapplicable
to subcontracts under a contract for the procurement of
commercial items.
(3) Provisions to be excluded from list.--A provision of law
described in subsection (d) shall be included on the list of
inapplicable provisions of law required by paragraph (2) unless
the Council makes a written determination that it would not be
in the best interest of the Federal Government to exempt
subcontracts under a contract for the procurement of commercial
items from the applicability of the provision.
(4) Waiver not authorized.--This subsection does not authorize
the waiver of the applicability of any provision of law with
respect to any subcontract under a contract with a prime
contractor reselling or distributing commercial items of another
contractor without adding value.

(d) Covered Law.--A provision of law referred to in subsections (b)(2)
and (c) is a provision of law that the Council determines sets forth
policies, procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the procurement
of property or services by the Federal Government, except for a
provision of law that--
(1) provides for criminal or civil penalties; or
(2) specifically refers to this section and provides that,
notwithstanding this section, it shall be applicable to
contracts for the procurement of commercial items.

(e) Petition.--A person may petition the Administrator to take
appropriate action when a provision of law described in subsection (d)
is not included on the list of inapplicable provisions of law as
required by subsection (b) or (c) and the Council has not made a written
determination pursuant to subsection (b)(2) or (c)(3). The Administrator
shall revise the Federal Acquisition Regulation to include the provision
on the list of inapplicable provisions of law unless the Council makes a
determination pursuant to subsection (b)(2) or (c)(3) within 60 days
after the petition is received.

Sec. 1907. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercially
available off-the-shelf items

(a) Inclusion in Federal Acquisition Regulation.--
(1) In general.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall
include a list of provisions of law that are inapplicable to
contracts for the procurement of commercially available off-the-
shelf items. A provision of law properly included on the list
pursuant to paragraph (2) does not apply to contracts for the
procurement of commercially available off-the-shelf items. This
section does not render a provision of law not included on the
list inapplicable to contracts for the procurement of
commercially available off-the-shelf items.
(2) Laws to be included.--A provision of law described in
subsection (b) shall be included on the list of inapplicable

[[Page 3725]]

provisions of law required by paragraph (1) unless the
Administrator makes a written determination that it would not be
in the best interest of the Federal Government to exempt
contracts for the procurement of commercially available off-the-
shelf items from the applicability of the provision.
(3) Other authorities or responsibilities not affected.--This
section does not modify, supersede, impair, or restrict
authorities or responsibilities under--
(A) section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C.
644); or
(B) bid protest procedures developed under the
authority of--
(i) subchapter V of chapter 35 of title 31;
(ii) section 2305(e) and (f) of title 10; or
(iii) sections 3706 and 3707 of this title.

(b) Covered Law.--Except as provided in subsection (a)(3), a provision
of law referred to in subsection (a)(1) is a provision of law that the
Administrator determines imposes Federal Government-unique policies,
procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the procurement of
property or services on persons whom the Federal Government has awarded
contracts for the procurement of commercially available off-the-shelf
items, except for a provision of law that--
(1) provides for criminal or civil penalties; or
(2) specifically refers to this section and provides that,
notwithstanding this section, it shall be applicable to
contracts for the procurement of commercially available off-the-
shelf items.

Sec. 1908. Inflation adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Council'' has the meaning
given that term in section 1301 of this title.
(b) Application.--
(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the
requirement for adjustment under subsection (c) applies to a
dollar threshold that is specified in law as a factor in
defining the scope of the applicability of a policy, procedure,
requirement, or restriction provided in that law to the
procurement of property or services by an executive agency, as
the Council determines.
(2) Exceptions.--Subsection (c) does not apply to dollar
thresholds--
(A) in chapter 67 of this title;
(B) in sections 3141 to 3144, 3146, and 3147 of title
40; or
(C) the United States Trade Representative establishes
pursuant to title III of the Trade Agreements Act of
1979 (19 U.S.C. 2511 et seq.).
(3) Relationship to other inflation adjustment authorities.--
This section supersedes the applicability of other provisions of
law that provide for the adjustment of a dollar threshold that
is adjustable under this section.

(c) Requirement for Periodic Adjustment.--
(1) Baseline constant dollar value.--For purposes of paragraph
(2), the baseline constant dollar value for a dollar threshold--

[[Page 3726]]

(A) in effect on October 1, 2000, that was first
specified in a law that took effect on or before October
1, 2000, is the October 1, 2000, constant dollar value
of that dollar threshold; and
(B) specified in a law that takes effect after October
1, 2000, is the constant dollar value of that threshold
as of the effective date of that dollar threshold
pursuant to that law.
(2) Adjustment.--On October 1 of each year evenly divisible by
5, the Council shall adjust each acquisition-related dollar
threshold provided by law, as described in subsection (b)(1), to
the baseline constant dollar value of that threshold.
(3) Exclusive means of adjustment.--A dollar threshold
adjustable under this section shall be adjusted only as provided
in this section.

(d) Publication.--The Council shall publish a notice of the adjusted
dollar thresholds under this section in the Federal Register. The
thresholds take effect on the date of publication.
(e) Calculation.--An adjustment under this section shall be--
(1) calculated on the basis of changes in the Consumer Price
Index for all-urban consumers published monthly by the Secretary
of Labor; and
(2) rounded, in the case of a dollar threshold that on the day
before the adjustment is--
(A) less than $10,000, to the nearest $500;
(B) not less than $10,000, but less than $100,000, to
the nearest $5,000;
(C) not less than $100,000, but less than $1,000,000,
to the nearest $50,000; and
(D) $1,000,000 or more, to the nearest $500,000.

(f) Petition for Inclusion of Omitted Threshold.--
(1) Petition submitted to administrator.--A person may request
adjustment of a dollar threshold adjustable under this section
that is not included in a notice of adjustment published under
subsection (d) by submitting a petition for adjustment to the
Administrator.
(2) Actions of administrator.--On receipt of a petition for
adjustment of a dollar threshold under paragraph (1), the
Administrator--
(A) shall determine, in writing, whether the dollar
threshold is required to be adjusted under this section;
and
(B) on determining that it should be adjusted, shall
publish in the Federal Register a revised notice of the
adjustment dollar thresholds under this section that
includes the adjustment of the dollar threshold covered
by the petition.
(3) Effective date of adjustment by petition.--The adjustment
of a dollar threshold pursuant to a petition under this
subsection takes effect on the date the revised notice adding
the adjustment under paragraph (2)(B) is published.

CHAPTER 21--RESTRICTIONS ON OBTAINING AND DISCLOSING CERTAIN INFORMATION

Sec.
2101.  Definitions.
2102.  Prohibitions on disclosing and obtaining procurement information.

[[Page 3727]]

2103.  Actions required of procurement officers when contacted regarding
non-Federal employment.
2104.  Prohibition on former official's acceptance of compensation from
contractor.
2105.  Penalties and administrative actions.
2106.  Reporting information believed to constitute evidence of offense.
2107.  Savings provisions.

Sec. 2101. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Contracting officer.--The term ``contracting officer''
means an individual who, by appointment in accordance with
applicable regulations, has the authority to enter into a
Federal agency procurement contract on behalf of the Government
and to make determinations and findings with respect to the
contract.
(2) Contractor bid or proposal information.--The term
``contractor bid or proposal information'' means any of the
following information submitted to a Federal agency as part of,
or in connection with, a bid or proposal to enter into a Federal
agency procurement contract, if that information previously has
not been made available to the public or disclosed publicly:
(A) Cost or pricing data (as defined in section
2306a(h) of title 10 with respect to procurements
subject to that section and section 3501(a) of this
title with respect to procurements subject to that
section).
(B) Indirect costs and direct labor rates.
(C) Proprietary information about manufacturing
processes, operations, or techniques marked by the
contractor in accordance with applicable law or
regulation.
(D) Information marked by the contractor as
``contractor bid or proposal information'', in
accordance with applicable law or regulation.
(3) Federal agency.--The term ``Federal agency'' has the
meaning given that term in section 102 of title 40.
(4) Federal agency procurement.--The term ``Federal agency
procurement'' means the acquisition (by using competitive
procedures and awarding a contract) of goods or services
(including construction) from non-Federal sources by a Federal
agency using appropriated funds.
(5) Official.--The term ``official'' means--
(A) an officer, as defined in section 2104 of title 5;
(B) an employee, as defined in section 2105 of title
5; and
(C) a member of the uniformed services, as defined in
section 2101(3) of title 5.
(6) Protest.--The term ``protest'' means a written objection
by an interested party to the award or proposed award of a
Federal agency procurement contract, pursuant to subchapter V of
chapter 35 of title 31.
(7) Source selection information.--The term ``source selection
information'' means any of the following information prepared
for use by a Federal agency to evaluate a bid or proposal to
enter into a Federal agency procurement contract, if that
information previously has not been made available to the public
or disclosed publicly:
(A) Bid prices submitted in response to a Federal
agency solicitation for sealed bids, or lists of those
bid prices before public bid opening.

[[Page 3728]]

(B) Proposed costs or prices submitted in response to
a Federal agency solicitation, or lists of those
proposed costs or prices.
(C) Source selection plans.
(D) Technical evaluation plans.
(E) Technical evaluations of proposals.
(F) Cost or price evaluations of proposals.
(G) Competitive range determinations that identify
proposals that have a reasonable chance of being
selected for award of a contract.
(H) Rankings of bids, proposals, or competitors.
(I) Reports and evaluations of source selection
panels, boards, or advisory councils.
(J) Other information marked as ``source selection
information'' based on a case-by-case determination by
the head of the agency, the head's designee, or the
contracting officer that its disclosure would jeopardize
the integrity or successful completion of the Federal
agency procurement to which the information relates.

Sec. 2102. Prohibitions on disclosing and obtaining procurement
information

(a) Prohibition on Disclosing Procurement Information.--
(1) In general.--Except as provided by law, a person described
in paragraph (3) shall not knowingly disclose contractor bid or
proposal information or source selection information before the
award of a Federal agency procurement contract to which the
information relates.
(2) Employee of private sector organization.--In addition to
the restriction in paragraph (1), an employee of a private
sector organization assigned to an agency under chapter 37 of
title 5 shall not knowingly disclose contractor bid or proposal
information or source selection information during the 3-year
period after the employee's assignment ends, except as provided
by law.
(3) Application.--Paragraph (1) applies to a person that--
(A)(i) is a present or former official of the Federal
Government; or
(ii) is acting or has acted for or on behalf of, or
who is advising or has advised the Federal Government
with respect to, a Federal agency procurement; and
(B) by virtue of that office, employment, or
relationship has or had access to contractor bid or
proposal information or source selection information.

(b) Prohibition on Obtaining Procurement Information.--Except as
provided by law, a person shall not knowingly obtain contractor bid or
proposal information or source selection information before the award of
a Federal agency procurement contract to which the information relates.

Sec. 2103. Actions required of procurement officers when contacted
regarding non-Federal employment

(a) Actions Required.--An agency official participating personally and
substantially in a Federal agency procurement for a contract in excess
of the simplified acquisition threshold who contacts or is contacted by
a person that is a bidder or offeror in that Federal agency procurement
regarding possible non-Federal employment for that official shall--

[[Page 3729]]

(1) promptly report the contact in writing to the official's
supervisor and to the designated agency ethics official (or
designee) of the agency in which the official is employed; and
(2)(A) reject the possibility of non-Federal employment; or
(B) disqualify himself or herself from further personal and
substantial participation in that Federal agency procurement
until the agency authorizes the official to resume participation
in the procurement, in accordance with the requirements of
section 208 of title 18 and applicable agency regulations on the
grounds that--
(i) the person is no longer a bidder or offeror in
that Federal agency procurement; or
(ii) all discussions with the bidder or offeror
regarding possible non-Federal employment have
terminated without an agreement or arrangement for
employment.

(b) Retention of Reports.--The agency shall retain each report
required by this section for not less than 2 years following the
submission of the report. The reports shall be made available to the
public on request, except that any part of a report that is exempt from
the disclosure requirements of section 552 of title 5 under subsection
(b)(1) of that section may be withheld from disclosure to the public.
(c) Persons Subject to Penalties.--The following are subject to the
penalties and administrative actions set forth in section 2105 of this
title:
(1) An official who knowingly fails to comply with the
requirements of this section.
(2) A bidder or offeror that engages in employment discussions
with an official who is subject to the restrictions of this
section, knowing that the official has not complied with
paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a).

Sec. 2104. Prohibition on former official's acceptance of compensation
from contractor

(a) Prohibition.--A former official of a Federal agency may not accept
compensation from a contractor as an employee, officer, director, or
consultant of the contractor within one year after the official--
(1) served, when the contractor was selected or awarded a
contract, as the procuring contracting officer, the source
selection authority, a member of the source selection evaluation
board, or the chief of a financial or technical evaluation team
in a procurement in which that contractor was selected for award
of a contract in excess of $10,000,000;
(2) served as the program manager, deputy program manager, or
administrative contracting officer for a contract in excess of
$10,000,000 awarded to that contractor; or
(3) personally made for the Federal agency a decision to--
(A) award a contract, subcontract, modification of a
contract or subcontract, or a task order or delivery
order in excess of $10,000,000 to that contractor;
(B) establish overhead or other rates applicable to
one or more contracts for that contractor that are
valued in excess of $10,000,000;
(C) approve issuance of one or more contract payments
in excess of $10,000,000 to that contractor; or
(D) pay or settle a claim in excess of $10,000,000
with that contractor.

[[Page 3730]]

(b) When Compensation May Be Accepted.--Subsection (a) does not
prohibit a former official of a Federal agency from accepting
compensation from a division or affiliate of a contractor that does not
produce the same or similar products or services as the entity of the
contractor that is responsible for the contract referred to in paragraph
(1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a).
(c) Implementing Regulations.--Regulations implementing this section
shall include procedures for an official or former official of a Federal
agency to request advice from the appropriate designated agency ethics
official regarding whether the official or former official is or would
be precluded by this section from accepting compensation from a
particular contractor.
(d) Persons Subject to Penalties.--The following are subject to the
penalties and administrative actions set forth in section 2105 of this
title:
(1) A former official who knowingly accepts compensation in
violation of this section.
(2) A contractor that provides compensation to a former
official knowing that the official accepts the compensation in
violation of this section.

Sec. 2105. Penalties and administrative actions

(a) Criminal Penalties.--A person that violates section 2102 of this
title to exchange information covered by section 2102 of this title for
anything of value or to obtain or give a person a competitive advantage
in the award of a Federal agency procurement contract shall be fined
under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.
(b) Civil Penalties.--The Attorney General may bring a civil action in
an appropriate district court of the United States against a person that
engages in conduct that violates section 2102, 2103, or 2104 of this
title. On proof of that conduct by a preponderance of the evidence--
(1) an individual is liable to the Federal Government for a
civil penalty of not more than $50,000 for each violation plus
twice the amount of compensation that the individual received or
offered for the prohibited conduct; and
(2) an organization is liable to the Federal Government for a
civil penalty of not more than $500,000 for each violation plus
twice the amount of compensation that the organization received
or offered for the prohibited conduct.

(c) Administrative Actions.--
(1) Types of action that federal agency may take.--A Federal
agency that receives information that a contractor or a person
has violated section 2102, 2103, or 2104 of this title shall
consider taking one or more of the following actions, as
appropriate:
(A) Canceling the Federal agency procurement, if a
contract has not yet been awarded.
(B) Rescinding a contract with respect to which--
(i) the contractor or someone acting for the
contractor has been convicted for an offense
punishable under subsection (a); or
(ii) the head of the agency that awarded the
contract has determined, based on a preponderance
of the evidence, that the contractor or a person
acting for the contractor has engaged in conduct
constituting the offense.

[[Page 3731]]

(C) Initiating a suspension or debarment proceeding
for the protection of the Federal Government in
accordance with procedures in the Federal Acquisition
Regulation.
(D) Initiating an adverse personnel action, pursuant
to the procedures in chapter 75 of title 5 or other
applicable law or regulation.
(2) Amount government entitled to recover.--When a Federal
agency rescinds a contract pursuant to paragraph (1)(B), the
Federal Government is entitled to recover, in addition to any
penalty prescribed by law, the amount expended under the
contract.
(3) Present responsibility affected by conduct.--For purposes
of a suspension or debarment proceeding initiated pursuant to
paragraph (1)(C), engaging in conduct constituting an offense
under section 2102, 2103, or 2104 of this title affects the
present responsibility of a Federal Government contractor or
subcontractor.

Sec. 2106. Reporting information believed to constitute evidence of
offense

A person may not file a protest against the award or proposed award of
a Federal agency procurement contract alleging a violation of section
2102, 2103, or 2104 of this title, and the Comptroller General may not
consider that allegation in deciding a protest, unless the person, no
later than 14 days after the person first discovered the possible
violation, reported to the Federal agency responsible for the
procurement the information that the person believed constitutes
evidence of the offense.

Sec. 2107. Savings provisions

This chapter does not--
(1) restrict the disclosure of information to, or its receipt
by, a person or class of persons authorized, in accordance with
applicable agency regulations or procedures, to receive that
information;
(2) restrict a contractor from disclosing its own bid or
proposal information or the recipient from receiving that
information;
(3) restrict the disclosure or receipt of information relating
to a Federal agency procurement after it has been canceled by
the Federal agency before contract award unless the Federal
agency plans to resume the procurement;
(4) prohibit individual meetings between a Federal agency
official and an offeror or potential offeror for, or a recipient
of, a contract or subcontract under a Federal agency
procurement, provided that unauthorized disclosure or receipt of
contractor bid or proposal information or source selection
information does not occur;
(5) authorize the withholding of information from, nor
restrict its receipt by, Congress, a committee or subcommittee
of Congress, the Comptroller General, a Federal agency, or an
inspector general of a Federal agency;
(6) authorize the withholding of information from, nor
restrict its receipt by, the Comptroller General in the course
of a protest against the award or proposed award of a Federal
agency procurement contract; or
(7) limit the applicability of a requirement, sanction,
contract penalty, or remedy established under another law or
regulation.

[[Page 3732]]

CHAPTER 23--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec.
2301.  Use of electronic commerce in Federal procurement.
2302.  Rights in technical data.
2303.  Ethics safeguards related to contractor conflicts of interest.
2304.  Conflict of interest standards for consultants.
2305.  Authority of Director of Office of Management and Budget not
affected.
2306.  Openness of meetings.
2307.  Comptroller General's access to information.
2308.  Modular contracting for information technology.
2309.  Protection of constitutional rights of contractors.
2310.  Performance-based contracts or task orders for services to be
treated as contracts for the procurement of commercial items.
2311.  Enhanced transparency on interagency contracting and other
transactions.
2312.  Contingency Contracting Corps.
2313.  Database for Federal agency contract and grant officers and
suspension and debarment officials.

Sec. 2301. Use of electronic commerce in Federal procurement

(a) Definition.--For the purposes of this section, the term
``electronic commerce'' means electronic techniques for accomplishing
business transactions, including electronic mail or messaging, World
Wide Web technology, electronic bulletin boards, purchase cards,
electronic funds transfers, and electronic data interchange.
(b) Establishment, Maintenance, and Use of Electronic Commerce
Procedures and Processes.--The head of each executive agency, after
consulting with the Administrator, shall establish, maintain, and use,
to the maximum extent that is practicable and cost-effective, procedures
and processes that employ electronic commerce in the conduct and
administration of the procurement system of the agency.
(c) Applicable Standards.--In conducting electronic commerce, the head
of an executive agency shall apply nationally and internationally
recognized standards that broaden interoperability and ease the
electronic interchange of information.
(d) Requirements of Systems, Technologies, Procedures, and
Processes.--The head of each executive agency shall ensure that systems,
technologies, procedures, and processes established pursuant to this
section--
(1) are implemented with uniformity throughout the agency, to
the extent practicable;
(2) are implemented only after granting due consideration to
the use or partial use, as appropriate, of existing electronic
commerce and electronic data interchange systems and
infrastructures such as the Federal acquisition computer network
architecture known as FACNET;
(3) facilitate access to Federal Government procurement
opportunities, including opportunities for small business
concerns, socially and economically disadvantaged small business
concerns, and business concerns owned predominantly by women;
and
(4) ensure that any notice of agency requirements or agency
solicitation for contract opportunities is provided in a form
that allows convenient and universal user access through a
single, Government-wide point of entry.

(e) Implementation.--In carrying out the requirements of this section,
the Administrator shall--
(1) issue policies to promote, to the maximum extent
practicable, uniform implementation of this section by executive

[[Page 3733]]

agencies, with due regard for differences in program
requirements among agencies that may require departures from
uniform procedures and processes in appropriate cases, when
warranted because of the agency mission;
(2) ensure that the head of each executive agency complies
with the requirements of subsection (d); and
(3) consult with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies
with applicable technical and functional expertise, including
the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, the National
Institute of Standards and Technology, the General Services
Administration, and the Department of Defense.

Sec. 2302. Rights in technical data

(a) Where Defined.--The legitimate proprietary interest of the Federal
Government and of a contractor in technical or other data shall be
defined in regulations prescribed as part of the Federal Acquisition
Regulation.
(b) General Extent of Regulations.--
(1) Other rights not impaired.--Regulations prescribed under
subsection (a) may not impair a right of the Federal Government
or of a contractor with respect to a patent or copyright or
another right in technical data otherwise established by law.
(2) Limitation on requiring data be provided to the
government.--With respect to executive agencies subject to
division C, regulations prescribed under subsection (a) shall
provide that the Federal Government may not require a person
that has developed a product (or process offered or to be
offered for sale to the public) to provide to the Federal
Government technical data relating to the design (or development
or manufacture of the product or process) as a condition of
procurement by the Federal Government of the product or process.
This paragraph does not apply to data that may be necessary for
the Federal Government to operate and maintain the product or
use the process if the Federal Government obtains it as an
element of performance under the contract.

(c) Technical Data Developed With Federal Funds.--
(1) Use by government and agencies.--Except as otherwise
expressly provided by Federal statute, with respect to executive
agencies subject to division C, regulations prescribed under
subsection (a) shall provide that--
(A) the Federal Government has unlimited rights in
technical data developed exclusively with Federal funds
if delivery of the data--
(i) was required as an element of performance
under a contract; and
(ii) is needed to ensure the competitive
acquisition of supplies or services that will be
required in substantial quantities in the future;
and
(B) the Federal Government and each agency of the
Federal Government has an unrestricted, royalty-free
right to use, or to have its contractors use, for
governmental purposes (excluding publication outside the
Federal Government) technical data developed exclusively
with Federal funds.

[[Page 3734]]

(2) Requirements in addition to other rights of the
government.--The requirements of paragraph (1) are in addition
to and not in lieu of any other rights the Federal Government
may have pursuant to law.

(d) Factors To Be Considered in Prescribing Regulations.--The
following factors shall be considered in prescribing regulations under
subsection (a):
(1) Whether the item or process to which the technical data
pertains was developed--
(A) exclusively with Federal funds;
(B) exclusively at private expense; or
(C) in part with Federal funds and in part at private
expense.
(2) The statement of congressional policy and objectives in
section 200 of title 35, the statement of purposes in section
2(b) of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982
(Public Law 97-219, 15 U.S.C. 638 note), and the declaration of
policy in section 2 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631).
(3) The interest of the Federal Government in increasing
competition and lowering costs by developing and locating
alternative sources of supply and manufacture.

(e) Provisions Required in Contracts.--Regulations prescribed under
subsection (a) shall require that a contract for property or services
entered into by an executive agency contain appropriate provisions
relating to technical data, including provisions--
(1) defining the respective rights of the Federal Government
and the contractor or subcontractor (at any tier) regarding
technical data to be delivered under the contract;
(2) specifying technical data to be delivered under the
contract and schedules for delivery;
(3) establishing or referencing procedures for determining the
acceptability of technical data to be delivered under the
contract;
(4) establishing separate contract line items for technical
data to be delivered under the contract;
(5) to the maximum practicable extent, identifying, in advance
of delivery, technical data which is to be delivered with
restrictions on the right of the Federal Government to use the
data;
(6) requiring the contractor to revise any technical data
delivered under the contract to reflect engineering design
changes made during the performance of the contract and
affecting the form, fit, and function of the items specified in
the contract and to deliver the revised technical data to an
agency within a time specified in the contract;
(7) requiring the contractor to furnish written assurance,
when technical data is delivered or is made available, that the
technical data is complete and accurate and satisfies the
requirements of the contract concerning technical data;
(8) establishing remedies to be available to the Federal
Government when technical data required to be delivered or made
available under the contract is found to be incomplete or
inadequate or to not satisfy the requirements of the contract
concerning technical data; and
(9) authorizing the head of the agency to withhold payments
under the contract (or exercise another remedy the head of the
agency considers appropriate) during any period if the

[[Page 3735]]

contractor does not meet the requirements of the contract
pertaining to the delivery of technical data.

Sec. 2303. Ethics safeguards related to contractor conflicts of interest

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``relevant acquisition
function'' means an acquisition function closely associated with
inherently governmental functions.
(b) Policy on Personal Conflicts of Interest by Contractor
Employees.--
(1) Development and issuance of policy.--The Administrator
shall develop and issue a standard policy to prevent personal
conflicts of interest by contractor employees performing
relevant acquisition functions (including the development,
award, and administration of Federal Government contracts) for
or on behalf of a Federal agency or department.
(2) Elements of policy.--The policy shall--
(A) define ``personal conflict of interest'' as it
relates to contractor employees performing relevant
acquisition functions; and
(B) require each contractor whose employees perform
relevant acquisition functions to--
(i) identify and prevent personal conflicts of
interest for the employees;
(ii) prohibit contractor employees who have
access to non-public government information
obtained while performing relevant acquisition
functions from using the information for personal
gain;
(iii) report any personal conflict-of-interest
violation by an employee to the applicable
contracting officer or contracting officer's
representative as soon as it is identified;
(iv) maintain effective oversight to verify
compliance with personal conflict-of-interest
safeguards;
(v) have procedures in place to screen for
potential conflicts of interest for all employees
performing relevant acquisition functions; and
(vi) take appropriate disciplinary action in the
case of employees who fail to comply with policies
established pursuant to this section.
(3) Contract clause.--
(A) Contents.--The Administrator shall develop a
personal conflicts-of-interest clause or a set of
clauses for inclusion in solicitations and contracts
(and task or delivery orders) for the performance of
relevant acquisition functions that sets forth--
(i) the personal conflicts-of-interest policy
developed under this subsection; and
(ii) the contractor's responsibilities under the
policy.
(B) Effective date.--Subparagraph (A) shall take
effect 300 days after October 14, 2008, and shall apply
to--
(i) contracts entered into on or after that
effective date; and
(ii) task or delivery orders awarded on or after
that effective date, regardless of whether the
contracts pursuant to which the task or delivery
orders are awarded are entered before, on, or
after October 14, 2008.

[[Page 3736]]

(4) Applicability.--
(A) Contracts in excess of the simplified acquisition
threshold.--This subsection shall apply to any contract
for an amount in excess of the simplified acquisition
threshold (as defined in section 134 of this title) if
the contract is for the performance of relevant
acquisition functions.
(B) Partial applicability.--If only a portion of a
contract described in subparagraph (A) is for the
performance of relevant acquisition functions, then this
subsection applies only to that portion of the contract.

(c) Best Practices.--The Administrator shall, in consultation with the
Director of the Office of Government Ethics, develop and maintain a
repository of best practices relating to the prevention and mitigation
of organizational and personal conflicts of interest in Federal
contracting.

Sec. 2304. Conflict of interest standards for consultants

(a) Content of Regulations.--The Administrator shall prescribe under
this division Government-wide regulations that set forth--
(1) conflict of interest standards for persons who provide
consulting services described in subsection (b); and
(2) procedures, including registration, certification, and
enforcement requirements as may be appropriate, to promote
compliance with the standards.

(b) Services Subject to Regulations.--Regulations required by
subsection (a) apply to--
(1) advisory and assistance services provided to the Federal
Government to the extent necessary to identify and evaluate the
potential for conflicts of interest that could be prejudicial to
the interests of the United States;
(2) services related to support of the preparation or
submission of bids and proposals for Federal contracts to the
extent that inclusion of the services in the regulations is
necessary to identify and evaluate the potential for conflicts
of interest that could be prejudicial to the interests of the
United States; and
(3) other services related to Federal contracts as specified
in the regulations prescribed under subsection (a) to the extent
necessary to identify and evaluate the potential for conflicts
of interest that could be prejudicial to the interests of the
United States.

(c) Intelligence Activities Exemption.--
(1) Activities that may be exempt.--Intelligence activities as
defined in section 3.4(e) of Executive Order No. 12333 or a
comparable definitional section in any successor order may be
exempt from the regulations required by subsection (a).
(2) Report.--The Director of National Intelligence shall
report to the Intelligence and Appropriations Committees of
Congress each January 1, delineating the activities and
organizations that have been exempted under paragraph (1).

(d) Presidential Determination.--Before the regulations required by
subsection (a) are prescribed, the President shall determine if
prescribing the regulations will have a significantly adverse effect on
the accomplishment of the mission of the Defense Department or another
Federal agency. If the President determines that the regulations will
have such an adverse effect, the President

[[Page 3737]]

shall so report to the appropriate committees of the Senate and the
House of Representatives, stating in full the reasons for the
determination. If such a report is submitted, the requirement for the
regulations shall be null and void.

Sec. 2305. Authority of Director of Office of Management and Budget not
affected

This division does not limit the authorities and responsibilities of
the Director of the Office of Management and Budget in effect on
December 1, 1983.

Sec. 2306. Openness of meetings

The Administrator by regulation shall require that--
(1) formal meetings of the Office of Federal Procurement
Policy, as designated by the Administrator, for developing
procurement policies and regulations be open to the public; and
(2) public notice of each meeting be given not less than 10
days prior to the meeting.

Sec. 2307. Comptroller General's access to information

The Administrator and personnel in the Office of Federal Procurement
Policy shall furnish information the Comptroller General may require to
discharge the responsibilities of the Comptroller General. For this
purpose, the Comptroller General or representatives of the Comptroller
General shall have access to all books, documents, papers, and records
of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy.

Sec. 2308. Modular contracting for information technology

(a) Use.--To the maximum extent practicable, the head of an executive
agency should use modular contracting for an acquisition of a major
system of information technology.
(b) Modular Contracting Described.--Under modular contracting, an
executive agency's need for a system is satisfied in successive
acquisitions of interoperable increments. Each increment complies with
common or commercially accepted standards applicable to information
technology so that the increments are compatible with other increments
of information technology comprising the system.
(c) Provisions in Federal Acquisition Regulation.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall provide that--
(1) under the modular contracting process, an acquisition of a
major system of information technology may be divided into
several smaller acquisition increments that--
(A) are easier to manage individually than would be
one comprehensive acquisition;
(B) address complex information technology objectives
incrementally in order to enhance the likelihood of
achieving workable solutions for attaining those
objectives;
(C) provide for delivery, implementation, and testing
of workable systems or solutions in discrete increments,
each of which comprises a system or solution that is not
dependent on a subsequent increment in order to perform
its principal functions; and
(D) provide an opportunity for subsequent increments
of the acquisition to take advantage of any evolution in
technology or needs that occurs during conduct of the
earlier increments;

[[Page 3738]]

(2) to the maximum extent practicable, a contract for an
increment of an information technology acquisition should be
awarded within 180 days after the solicitation is issued and, if
the contract for that increment cannot be awarded within that
period, the increment should be considered for cancellation; and
(3) the information technology provided for in a contract for
acquisition of information technology should be delivered within
18 months after the solicitation resulting in award of the
contract was issued.

Sec. 2309. Protection of constitutional rights of contractors

(a) Prohibition on Requiring Waiver of Rights.--A contractor may not
be required, as a condition for entering into a contract with the
Federal Government, to waive a right under the Constitution for a
purpose relating to the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act
of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6701 et seq.) or the Chemical Weapons Convention (as
defined in section 3 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 6701)).
(b) Permissible Contract Clauses.--Subsection (a) does not prohibit an
executive agency from including in a contract a clause that requires the
contractor to permit inspections to ensure that the contractor is
performing the contract in accordance with the provisions of the
contract.

Sec. 2310. Performance-based contracts or task orders for services to be
treated as contracts for the procurement of
commercial items

(a) Criteria.--A performance-based contract for the procurement of
services entered into by an executive agency or a performance-based task
order for services issued by an executive agency may be treated as a
contract for the procurement of commercial items if--
(1) the value of the contract or task order is estimated not
to exceed $25,000,000;
(2) the contract or task order sets forth specifically each
task to be performed and, for each task--
(A) defines the task in measurable, mission-related
terms;
(B) identifies the specific end products or output to
be achieved; and
(C) contains firm, fixed prices for specific tasks to
be performed or outcomes to be achieved; and
(3) the source of the services provides similar services to
the general public under terms and conditions similar to those
offered to the Federal Government.

(b) Regulations.--Regulations implementing this section shall require
agencies to collect and maintain reliable data sufficient to identify
the contracts or task orders treated as contracts for commercial items
using the authority of this section. The data may be collected using the
Federal Procurement Data System or other reporting mechanism.
(c) Report.--Not later than 2 years after November 24, 2003, the
Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall prepare and submit
to the Committees on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and on
Armed Services of the Senate and the Committees on Oversight and
Government Reform and on Armed Services of the House of Representatives
a report on the contracts

[[Page 3739]]

or task orders treated as contracts for commercial items using the
authority of this section. The report shall include data on the use of
the authority, both government-wide and for each department and agency.
(d) Expiration.--The authority under this section expires 10 years
after November 24, 2003.

Sec. 2311. Enhanced transparency on interagency contracting and other
transactions

The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall direct
appropriate revisions to the Federal Procurement Data System or any
successor system to facilitate the collection of complete, timely, and
reliable data on interagency contracting actions and on transactions
other than contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements issued pursuant
to section 2371 of title 10 or similar authorities. The Director of the
Office of Management and Budget shall ensure that data, consistent with
what is collected for contract actions, is obtained on--
(1) interagency contracting actions, including data at the
task or delivery-order level; and
(2) other transactions, including the initial award and any
subsequent modifications awarded or orders issued (other than
transactions that are reported through the Federal Assistance
Awards Data System).

Sec. 2312. Contingency Contracting Corps

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Corps'' means the
Contingency Contracting Corps established in subsection (b).
(b) Establishment.--The Administrator of General Services, pursuant to
policies established by the Office of Management and Budget, and in
consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland
Security, shall establish a Government-wide Contingency Contracting
Corps.
(c) Function.--The members of the Corps shall be available for
deployment in responding to an emergency or major disaster, or a
contingency operation, both within or outside the continental United
States.
(d) Applicability.--The authorities provided in this section apply
with respect to any procurement of property or services by or for an
executive agency that, as determined by the head of the executive
agency, are to be used--
(1) in support of a contingency operation as defined in
section 101(a)(13) of title 10; or
(2) to respond to an emergency or major disaster as defined in
section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and
Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122).

(e) Membership.--Membership in the Corps shall be voluntary and open
to all Federal employees and members of the Armed Forces who are members
of the Federal acquisition workforce.
(f) Education and Training.--The Administrator of General Services
may, in consultation with the Director of the Federal Acquisition
Institute and the Chief Acquisition Officers Council, establish
educational and training requirements for members of the Corps.
Education and training carried out pursuant to the requirements shall be
paid for from funds available in the acquisition workforce training fund
established pursuant to section 1703(i) of this title.

[[Page 3740]]

(g) Salary.--The salary for a member of the Corps shall be paid--
(1) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces, out of funds
available to the Armed Force concerned; and
(2) in the case of a Federal employee, out of funds available
to the employing agency.

(h) Authority to Deploy the Corps.--
(1) Director of the Office of Management and Budget.--The
Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall have the
authority, upon request by an executive agency, to determine
when members of the Corps shall be deployed, with the
concurrence of the head of the agency or agencies employing the
members to be deployed.
(2) Secretary of Defense.--Nothing in this section shall
preclude the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary's designee
from deploying members of the Armed Forces or civilian personnel
of the Department of Defense in support of a contingency
operation as defined in section 101(a)(13) of title 10.

(i) Annual Report.--
(1) In general.--The Administrator of General Services shall
provide to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental
Affairs and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and
the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives an
annual report on the status of the Corps as of September 30 of
each fiscal year.
(2) Content.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include
the number of members of the Corps, the total cost of operating
the program, the number of deployments of members of the
program, and the performance of members of the program in
deployment.

Sec. 2313. Database for Federal agency contract and grant officers and
suspension and debarment officials

(a) In General.--Subject to the authority, direction, and control of
the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Administrator
of General Services shall establish and maintain a database of
information regarding the integrity and performance of certain persons
awarded Federal agency contracts and grants for use by Federal agency
officials having authority over contracts and grants.
(b) Persons Covered.--The database shall cover the following:
(1) Any person awarded a Federal agency contract or grant in
excess of $500,000, if any information described in subsection
(c) exists with respect to the person.
(2) Any person awarded such other category or categories of
Federal agency contract as the Federal Acquisition Regulation
may provide, if any information described in subsection (c)
exists with respect to the person.

(c) Information Included.--With respect to a covered person, the
database shall include information (in the form of a brief description)
for the most recent 5-year period regarding the following:
(1) Each civil or criminal proceeding, or any administrative
proceeding, in connection with the award or performance of a
contract or grant with the Federal Government with respect to
the person during the period to the extent that the proceeding
results in the following dispositions:

[[Page 3741]]

(A) In a criminal proceeding, a conviction.
(B) In a civil proceeding, a finding of fault and
liability that results in the payment of a monetary
fine, penalty, reimbursement, restitution, or damages of
$5,000 or more.
(C) In an administrative proceeding, a finding of
fault and liability that results in--
(i) the payment of a monetary fine or penalty of
$5,000 or more; or
(ii) the payment of a reimbursement,
restitution, or damages in excess of $100,000.
(D) To the maximum extent practicable and consistent
with applicable laws and regulations, in a criminal,
civil, or administrative proceeding, a disposition of
the matter by consent or compromise with an
acknowledgment of fault by the person if the proceeding
could have led to any of the outcomes specified in
subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).
(2) Each Federal contract and grant awarded to the person that
was terminated in the period due to default.
(3) Each Federal suspension and debarment of the person.
(4) Each Federal administrative agreement entered into by the
person and the Federal Government in the period to resolve a
suspension or debarment proceeding.
(5) Each final finding by a Federal official in the period
that the person has been determined not to be a responsible
source under paragraph (3) or (4) of section 113 of this title.
(6) Other information that shall be provided for purposes of
this section in the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
(7) To the maximum extent practicable, information similar to
the information covered by paragraphs (1) to (4) in connection
with the award or performance of a contract or grant with a
State government.

(d) Requirements Relating to Database Information.--
(1) Direct input and update.--The Administrator of General
Services shall design and maintain the database in a manner that
allows the appropriate Federal agency officials to directly
input and update information in the database relating to actions
that the officials have taken with regard to contractors or
grant recipients.
(2) Timeliness and accuracy.--The Administrator of General
Services shall develop policies to require--
(A) the timely and accurate input of information into
the database;
(B) the timely notification of any covered person when
information relevant to the person is entered into the
database; and
(C) opportunities for any covered person to submit
comments pertaining to information about the person for
inclusion in the database.

(e) Use of Database.--
(1) Availability to government officials.--The Administrator
of General Services shall ensure that the information in the
database is available to appropriate acquisition officials of
Federal agencies, other government officials as the
Administrator of General Services determines appropriate, and,
on request, the Chairman and Ranking Member of the committees of
Congress having jurisdiction.
(2) Review and assessment of data.--

[[Page 3742]]

(A) In general.--Before awarding a contract or grant
in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold under
section 134 of this title, the Federal agency official
responsible for awarding the contract or grant shall
review the database and consider all information in the
database with regard to any offer or proposal, and in
the case of a contract, shall consider other past
performance information available with respect to the
offeror in making any responsibility determination or
past performance evaluation for the offeror.
(B) Documentation in contract file.--The contract file
for each contract of a Federal agency in excess of the
simplified acquisition threshold shall document the
manner in which the material in the database was
considered in any responsibility determination or past
performance evaluation.

(f) Disclosure in Applications.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation
shall require that persons with Federal agency contracts and grants
valued in total greater than $10,000,000 shall--
(1) submit to the Administrator of General Services, in a
manner determined appropriate by the Administrator of General
Services, the information subject to inclusion in the database
as listed in subsection (c) current as of the date of submittal
of the information under this subsection; and
(2) update the information submitted under paragraph (1) on a
semiannual basis.

(g) Rulemaking.--The Administrator of General Services shall prescribe
regulations that may be necessary to carry out this section.

Division C--Procurement

CHAPTER 31--GENERAL

Sec.
3101.  Applicability.
3102.  Delegation and assignment of powers, functions, and
responsibilities.
3103.  Acquisition programs.
3104.  Small business concerns.
3105.  New contracts and grants and merit-based selection procedures.
3106.  Erection, repair, or furnishing of public buildings and
improvements not authorized, and certain contracts not
permitted, by this division.

Sec. 3101. Applicability

(a) In General.--An executive agency shall make purchases and
contracts for property and services in accordance with this division and
implementing regulations of the Administrator of General Services.
(b) Simplified Acquisition Threshold and Procedures.--
(1) Simplified acquisition threshold.--
(A) Definition.--For purposes of an acquisition by an
executive agency, the simplified acquisition threshold
is as specified in section 134 of this title.
(B) Inapplicable laws.--A law properly listed in the
Federal Acquisition Regulation pursuant to section 1905
of this title does not apply to or with respect to a
contract or subcontract that is not greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold.
(2) Simplified acquisition procedures.--Simplified acquisition
procedures contained in the Federal Acquisition Regulation

[[Page 3743]]

pursuant to section 1901 of this title apply in executive
agencies as provided in section 1901.

(c) Exceptions.--
(1) In general.--This division does not apply--
(A) to the Department of Defense, the Coast Guard, and
the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; or
(B) except as provided in paragraph (2), when this
division is made inapplicable pursuant to law.
(2) Applicability of certain laws related to advertising,
opening of bids, and length of contract.--Sections 6101, 6103,
and 6304 of this title do not apply to the procurement of
property or services made by an executive agency pursuant to
this division. However, when this division is made inapplicable
by any law, sections 6101 and 6103 of this title apply in the
absence of authority conferred by statute to procure without
advertising or without regard to section 6101 of this title. A
law that authorizes an executive agency (other than an executive
agency exempted from this division by this subsection) to
procure property or services without advertising or without
regard to section 6101 of this title is deemed to authorize the
procurement pursuant to the provisions of this division relating
to procedures other than sealed-bid procedures.

Sec. 3102. Delegation and assignment of powers, functions, and
responsibilities

(a) In General.--Except to the extent expressly prohibited by another
law, the head of an executive agency may delegate to another officer or
official of that agency any power under this division.
(b) Procurements For or With Another Agency.--Subject to subsection
(a), to facilitate the procurement of property and services covered by
this division by an executive agency for another executive agency, and
to facilitate joint procurement by executive agencies--
(1) the head of an executive agency may delegate functions and
assign responsibilities relating to procurement to any officer
or employee within the agency;
(2) the heads of 2 or more executive agencies, consistent with
section 1535 of title 31 and regulations prescribed under
section 1074 of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994
(Public Law 103-355, 31 U.S.C. 1535 note), may by agreement
delegate procurement functions and assign procurement
responsibilities from one executive agency to another of those
executive agencies or to an officer or civilian employee of
another of those executive agencies; and
(3) the heads of 2 or more executive agencies may establish
joint or combined offices to exercise procurement functions and
responsibilities.

Sec. 3103. Acquisition programs

(a) Congressional Policy.--It is the policy of Congress that the head
of each executive agency should achieve, on average, 90 percent of the
cost, performance, and schedule goals established for major acquisition
programs of the agency.
(b) Establishment of Goals.--

[[Page 3744]]

(1) By head of executive agency.--The head of each executive
agency shall approve or define the cost, performance, and
schedule goals for major acquisition programs of the agency.
(2) By chief financial officer.--The chief financial officer
of an executive agency shall evaluate the cost goals proposed
for each major acquisition program of the agency.

(c) Identification of Noncompliant Programs.--When it is necessary to
implement the policy set out in subsection (a), the head of an executive
agency shall--
(1) determine whether there is a continuing need for programs
that are significantly behind schedule, over budget, or not in
compliance with performance or capability requirements; and
(2) identify suitable actions to be taken, including
termination, with respect to those programs.

Sec. 3104. Small business concerns

It is the policy of Congress that a fair proportion of the total
purchases and contracts for property and services for the Federal
Government shall be placed with small business concerns.

Sec. 3105. New contracts and grants and merit-based selection procedures

(a) Congressional Policy.--It is the policy of Congress that--
(1) an executive agency should not be required by legislation
to award--
(A) a new contract to a specific non-Federal
Government entity; or
(B) a new grant for research, development, test, or
evaluation to a non-Federal Government entity; and
(2) a program, project, or technology identified in
legislation be procured or awarded through merit-based selection
procedures.

(b) New Contract and New Grant Described.--For purposes of this
section--
(1) a contract is a new contract unless the work provided for
in the contract is a continuation of the work performed by the
specified entity under a prior contract; and
(2) a grant is a new grant unless the work provided for in the
grant is a continuation of the work performed by the specified
entity under a prior grant.

(c) Requirements for Awarding New Contract or New Grant.--A provision
of law may not be construed as requiring a new contract or a new grant
to be awarded to a specified non-Federal Government entity unless the
provision of law specifically--
(1) refers to this section;
(2) identifies the particular non-Federal Government entity
involved; and
(3) states that the award to that entity is required by the
provision of law in contravention of the policy set forth in
subsection (a).

(d) Exception.--This section does not apply to a contract or grant
that calls on the National Academy of Sciences to investigate, examine,
or experiment on a subject of science or art of significance to an
executive agency and to report on those matters to Congress or an agency
of the Federal Government.

[[Page 3745]]

Sec. 3106. Erection, repair, or furnishing of public buildings and
improvements not authorized, and certain
contracts not permitted, by this division

This division does not--
(1) authorize the erection, repair, or furnishing of a public
building or public improvement; or
(2) permit a contract for the construction or repair of a
building, road, sidewalk, sewer, main, or similar item using
procedures other than sealed-bid procedures under section
3301(b)(1)(A) of this title if the conditions set forth in
section 3301(b)(1)(A) of this title apply or the contract is to
be performed outside the United States.

CHAPTER 33--PLANNING AND SOLICITATION

Sec.
3301.  Full and open competition.
3302.  Requirements for purchase of property and services pursuant to
multiple award contracts.
3303.  Exclusion of particular source or restriction of solicitation to
small business concerns.
3304.  Use of noncompetitive procedures.
3305.  Simplified procedures for small purchases.
3306.  Planning and solicitation requirements.
3307.  Preference for commercial items.
3308.  Planning for future competition in contracts for major systems.
3309.  Design-build selection procedures.
3310.  Quantities to order.
3311.  Qualification requirement.

Sec. 3301. Full and open competition

(a) In General.--Except as provided in sections 3303, 3304(a), and
3305 of this title and except in the case of procurement procedures
otherwise expressly authorized by statute, an executive agency in
conducting a procurement for property or services shall--
(1) obtain full and open competition through the use of
competitive procedures in accordance with the requirements of
this division and the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
(2) use the competitive procedure or combination of
competitive procedures that is best suited under the
circumstances of the procurement.

(b) Appropriate Competitive Procedures.--
(1) Use of sealed bids.--In determining the competitive
procedures appropriate under the circumstance, an executive
agency shall--
(A) solicit sealed bids if--
(i) time permits the solicitation, submission,
and evaluation of sealed bids;
(ii) the award will be made on the basis of
price and other price-related factors;
(iii) it is not necessary to conduct discussions
with the responding sources about their bids; and
(iv) there is a reasonable expectation of
receiving more than one sealed bid; or
(B) request competitive proposals if sealed bids are
not appropriate under subparagraph (A).
(2) Sealed bid not required.--Paragraph (1)(A) does not
require the use of sealed-bid procedures in cases in which
section 204(e) of title 23 applies.

[[Page 3746]]

(c) Efficient Fulfillment of Government Requirements.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall ensure that the requirement to obtain full
and open competition is implemented in a manner that is consistent with
the need to efficiently fulfill the Federal Government's requirements.

Sec. 3302. Requirements for purchase of property and services pursuant
to multiple award contracts

(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Executive agency.-- The term ``executive agency'' has the
same meaning given in section 133 of this title.
(2) Individual purchase.--The term ``individual purchase''
means a task order, delivery order, or other purchase.
(3) Multiple award contract.--The term ``multiple award
contract'' means--
(A) a contract that is entered into by the
Administrator of General Services under the multiple
award schedule program referred to in section 2302(2)(C)
of title 10;
(B) a multiple award task order contract that is
entered into under the authority of sections 2304a to
2304d of title 10, or chapter 41 of this title; and
(C) any other indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity
contract that is entered into by the head of an
executive agency with 2 or more sources pursuant to the
same solicitation.
(4) Sole source task or delivery order.--The term ``sole
source task or delivery order'' means any order that does not
follow the competitive procedures in paragraph (2) or (3) of
subsection (c).

(b) Regulations Required.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall
require enhanced competition in the purchase of property and services by
all executive agencies pursuant to multiple award contracts.
(c) Content of Regulations.--
(1) In general.--The regulations required by subsection (b)
shall provide that each individual purchase of property or
services in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold that
is made under a multiple award contract shall be made on a
competitive basis unless a contracting officer--
(A) waives the requirement on the basis of a
determination that--
(i) one of the circumstances described in
paragraphs (1) to (4) of section 4106(c) of this
title or section 2304c(b) of title 10 applies to
the individual purchase; or
(ii) a law expressly authorizes or requires that
the purchase be made from a specified source; and
(B) justifies the determination in writing.
(2) Competitive basis procedures.--For purposes of this
subsection, an individual purchase of property or services is
made on a competitive basis only if it is made pursuant to
procedures that--
(A) require fair notice of the intent to make that
purchase (including a description of the work to be
performed and the basis on which the selection will be
made) to be provided to all contractors offering the
property or services under the multiple award contract;
and

[[Page 3747]]

(B) afford all contractors responding to the notice a
fair opportunity to make an offer and have that offer
fairly considered by the official making the purchase.
(3) Exception to notice requirement.--
(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), and
subject to subparagraph (B), notice may be provided to
fewer than all contractors offering the property or
services under a multiple award contract as described in
subsection (a)(3)(A) if notice is provided to as many
contractors as practicable.
(B) Limitation on exception.--A purchase may not be
made pursuant to a notice that is provided to fewer than
all contractors under subparagraph (A) unless--
(i) offers were received from at least 3
qualified contractors; or
(ii) a contracting officer of the executive
agency determines in writing that no additional
qualified contractors were able to be identified
despite reasonable efforts to do so.

(d) Public Notice Requirements Related to Sole Source Task or Delivery
Orders.--
(1) Public notice required.--The Federal Acquisition
Regulation shall require the head of each executive agency to--
(A) publish on FedBizOpps notice of all sole source
task or delivery orders in excess of the simplified
acquisition threshold that are placed against multiple
award contracts not later than 14 days after the orders
are placed, except in the event of extraordinary
circumstances or classified orders; and
(B) disclose the determination required by subsection
(c)(1) related to sole source task or delivery orders in
excess of the simplified acquisition threshold placed
against multiple award contracts through the same
mechanism and to the same extent as the disclosure of
documents containing a justification and approval
required by section 2304(f)(1) of title 10 and section
3304(e)(1) of this title, except in the event of
extraordinary circumstances or classified orders.
(2) Exemption.--This subsection does not require the public
availability of information that is exempt from public
disclosure under section 552(b) of title 5.

(e) Applicability.--The regulations required by subsection (b) shall
apply to all individual purchases of property or services that are made
under multiple award contracts on or after the effective date of the
regulations, without regard to whether the multiple award contracts were
entered into before, on, or after the effective date.

Sec. 3303. Exclusion of particular source or restriction of solicitation
to small business concerns

(a) Exclusion of Particular Source.--
(1) Criteria for exclusion.--An executive agency may provide
for the procurement of property or services covered by section
3301 of this title using competitive procedures but excluding a
particular source to establish or maintain an alternative source
of supply for that property or service if the agency head
determines that to do so would--

[[Page 3748]]

(A) increase or maintain competition and likely result
in reduced overall cost for the procurement, or for an
anticipated procurement, of the property or services;
(B) be in the interest of national defense in having a
facility (or a producer, manufacturer, or other
supplier) available for furnishing the property or
service in case of a national emergency or industrial
mobilization;
(C) be in the interest of national defense in
establishing or maintaining an essential engineering,
research, or development capability to be provided by an
educational or other nonprofit institution or a
Federally funded research and development center;
(D) ensure the continuous availability of a reliable
source of supply of the property or service;
(E) satisfy projected needs for the property or
service determined on the basis of a history of high
demand for the property or service; or
(F) satisfy a critical need for medical, safety, or
emergency supplies.
(2) Determination for class disallowed.--A determination under
paragraph (1) may not be made for a class of purchases or
contracts.

(b) Exclusion of Other Than Small Business Concerns.--An executive
agency may provide for the procurement of property or services covered
by section 3301 of this title using competitive procedures, but
excluding other than small business concerns in furtherance of sections
9 and 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638, 644).
(c) Nonapplication of Justification and Approval Requirements.--A
contract awarded pursuant to the competitive procedures referred to in
subsections (a) and (b) is not subject to the justification and approval
required by section 3304(e)(1) of this title.

Sec. 3304. Use of noncompetitive procedures

(a) When Noncompetitive Procedures May Be Used.--An executive agency
may use procedures other than competitive procedures only when--
(1) the property or services needed by the executive agency
are available from only one responsible source and no other type
of property or services will satisfy the needs of the executive
agency;
(2) the executive agency's need for the property or services
is of such an unusual and compelling urgency that the Federal
Government would be seriously injured unless the executive
agency is permitted to limit the number of sources from which it
solicits bids or proposals;
(3) it is necessary to award the contract to a particular
source--
(A) to maintain a facility, producer, manufacturer, or
other supplier available for furnishing property or
services in case of a national emergency or to achieve
industrial mobilization;
(B) to establish or maintain an essential engineering,
research, or development capability to be provided by an
educational or other nonprofit institution or a
Federally funded research and development center;
(C) to procure the services of an expert for use, in
any litigation or dispute (including any reasonably
foreseeable

[[Page 3749]]

litigation or dispute) involving the Federal Government,
in any trial, hearing, or proceeding before a court,
administrative tribunal, or agency, whether or not the
expert is expected to testify; or
(D) to procure the services of an expert or neutral
for use in any part of an alternative dispute resolution
or negotiated rulemaking process, whether or not the
expert is expected to testify;
(4) the terms of an international agreement or treaty between
the Federal Government and a foreign government or an
international organization, or the written directions of a
foreign government reimbursing the executive agency for the cost
of the procurement of the property or services for that
government, have the effect of requiring the use of procedures
other than competitive procedures;
(5) subject to section 3105 of this title, a statute expressly
authorizes or requires that the procurement be made through
another executive agency or from a specified source, or the
agency's need is for a brand-name commercial item for authorized
resale;
(6) the disclosure of the executive agency's needs would
compromise the national security unless the agency is permitted
to limit the number of sources from which it solicits bids or
proposals; or
(7) the head of the executive agency (who may not delegate the
authority under this paragraph)--
(A) determines that it is necessary in the public
interest to use procedures other than competitive
procedures in the particular procurement concerned; and
(B) notifies Congress in writing of that determination
not less than 30 days before the award of the contract.

(b) Property or Services Deemed Available From Only One Source.--For
the purposes of subsection (a)(1), in the case of--
(1) a contract for property or services to be awarded on the
basis of acceptance of an unsolicited research proposal, the
property or services are deemed to be available from only one
source if the source has submitted an unsolicited research
proposal that demonstrates a unique and innovative concept, the
substance of which is not otherwise available to the Federal
Government and does not resemble the substance of a pending
competitive procurement; or
(2) a follow-on contract for the continued development or
production of a major system or highly specialized equipment,
the property may be deemed to be available only from the
original source and may be procured through procedures other
than competitive procedures when it is likely that award to a
source other than the original source would result in--
(A) substantial duplication of cost to the Federal
Government that is not expected to be recovered through
competition; or
(B) unacceptable delay in fulfilling the executive
agency's needs.

(c) Property or Services Needed With Unusual and Compelling Urgency.--
(1) Allowable contract period.--The contract period of a
contract described in paragraph (2) that is entered into by an
executive agency pursuant to the authority provided under
subsection (a)(2)--

[[Page 3750]]

(A) may not exceed the time necessary--
(i) to meet the unusual and compelling
requirements of the work to be performed under the
contract; and
(ii) for the executive agency to enter into
another contract for the required goods or
services through the use of competitive
procedures; and
(B) may not exceed one year unless the head of the
executive agency entering into the contract determines
that exceptional circumstances apply.
(2) Applicability of allowable contract period.--This
subsection applies to any contract in an amount greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold.

(d) Offer Requests to Potential Sources.--An executive agency using
procedures other than competitive procedures to procure property or
services by reason of the application of paragraph (2) or (6) of
subsection (a) shall request offers from as many potential sources as is
practicable under the circumstances.
(e) Justification for Use of Noncompetitive Procedures.--
(1) Prerequisites for awarding contract.--Except as provided
in paragraphs (3) and (4), an executive agency may not award a
contract using procedures other than competitive procedures
unless--
(A) the contracting officer for the contract justifies
the use of those procedures in writing and certifies the
accuracy and completeness of the justification;
(B) the justification is approved, in the case of a
contract for an amount--
(i) exceeding $500,000 but equal to or less than
$10,000,000, by the advocate for competition for
the procuring activity (without further
delegation) or by an official referred to in
clause (ii) or (iii);
(ii) exceeding $10,000,000 but equal to or less
than $50,000,000, by the head of the procuring
activity or by a delegate who, if a member of the
armed forces, is a general or flag officer or, if
a civilian, is serving in a position in which the
individual is entitled to receive the daily
equivalent of the maximum annual rate of basic pay
payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule (or
in a comparable or higher position under another
schedule); or
(iii) exceeding $50,000,000, by the senior
procurement executive of the agency designated
pursuant to section 1702(c) of this title (without
further delegation); and
(C) any required notice has been published with
respect to the contract pursuant to section 1708 of this
title and the executive agency has considered all bids
or proposals received in response to that notice.
(2) Elements of justification.--The justification required by
paragraph (1)(A) shall include--
(A) a description of the agency's needs;
(B) an identification of the statutory exception from
the requirement to use competitive procedures and a
demonstration, based on the proposed contractor's
qualifications or the nature of the procurement, of the
reasons for using that exception;
(C) a determination that the anticipated cost will be
fair and reasonable;

[[Page 3751]]

(D) a description of the market survey conducted or a
statement of the reasons a market survey was not
conducted;
(E) a listing of any sources that expressed in writing
an interest in the procurement; and
(F) a statement of any actions the agency may take to
remove or overcome a barrier to competition before a
subsequent procurement for those needs.
(3) Justification allowed after contract awarded.--In the case
of a procurement permitted by subsection (a)(2), the
justification and approval required by paragraph (1) may be made
after the contract is awarded.
(4) Justification not required.--The justification and
approval required by paragraph (1) are not required if--
(A) a statute expressly requires that the procurement
be made from a specified source;
(B) the agency's need is for a brand-name commercial
item for authorized resale;
(C) the procurement is permitted by subsection (a)(7);
or
(D) the procurement is conducted under chapter 85 of
this title or section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15
U.S.C. 637(a)).
(5) Restrictions on executive agencies.--
(A) Contracts and procurement of property or
services.--In no case may an executive agency--
(i) enter into a contract for property or
services using procedures other than competitive
procedures on the basis of the lack of advance
planning or concerns related to the amount
available to the agency for procurement functions;
or
(ii) procure property or services from another
executive agency unless the other executive agency
complies fully with the requirements of this
division in its procurement of the property or
services.
(B) Additional restriction.--The restriction set out
in subparagraph (A)(ii) is in addition to any other
restriction provided by law.

(f) Public Availability of Justification and Approval Required for
Using Noncompetitive Procedures.--
(1) Time requirement.--
(A) Within 14 days after contract award.--Except as
provided in subparagraph (B), in the case of a
procurement permitted by subsection (a), the head of an
executive agency shall make publicly available, within
14 days after the award of the contract, the documents
containing the justification and approval required by
subsection (e)(1) with respect to the procurement.
(B) Within 30 days after contract award.--In the case
of a procurement permitted by subsection (a)(2),
subparagraph (A) shall be applied by substituting ``30
days'' for ``14 days''.
(2) Availability on websites.--The documents referred to in
subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) shall be made available on the
website of the agency and through a Government-wide website
selected by the Administrator.
(3) Exception to availability and approval requirement.--This
subsection does not require the public availability

[[Page 3752]]

of information that is exempt from public disclosure under
section 552(b) of title 5.

Sec. 3305. Simplified procedures for small purchases

(a) Authorization.--To promote efficiency and economy in contracting
and to avoid unnecessary burdens for agencies and contractors, the
Federal Acquisition Regulation shall provide for special simplified
procedures for purchases of property and services for amounts--
(1) not greater than the simplified acquisition threshold; and
(2) greater than the simplified acquisition threshold but not
greater than $5,000,000 for which the contracting officer
reasonably expects, based on the nature of the property or
services sought and on market research, that offers will include
only commercial items.

(b) Leasehold Interests in Real Property.--The Administrator of
General Services shall prescribe regulations that provide special
simplified procedures for acquisitions of leasehold interests in real
property at rental rates that do not exceed the simplified acquisition
threshold. The rental rate under a multiyear lease does not exceed the
simplified acquisition threshold if the average annual amount of the
rent payable for the period of the lease does not exceed the simplified
acquisition threshold.
(c) Prohibition on Dividing Contracts.--A proposed purchase or
contract for an amount above the simplified acquisition threshold may
not be divided into several purchases or contracts for lesser amounts to
use the simplified procedures required by subsection (a).
(d) Promotion of Competition.--In using the simplified procedures, an
executive agency shall promote competition to the maximum extent
practicable.
(e) Compliance With Special Requirements of Federal Acquisition
Regulation.--An executive agency shall comply with the Federal
Acquisition Regulation provisions referred to in section 1901(e) of this
title.

Sec. 3306. Planning and solicitation requirements

(a) Planning and Specifications.--
(1) Preparing for procurement.--In preparing for the
procurement of property or services, an executive agency shall--
(A) specify its needs and solicit bids or proposals in
a manner designed to achieve full and open competition
for the procurement;
(B) use advance procurement planning and market
research; and
(C) develop specifications in the manner necessary to
obtain full and open competition with due regard to the
nature of the property or services to be acquired.
(2) Requirements of specifications.--Each solicitation under
this division shall include specifications that--
(A) consistent with this division, permit full and
open competition; and
(B) include restrictive provisions or conditions only
to the extent necessary to satisfy the needs of the
executive agency or as authorized by law.
(3) Types of specifications.--For the purposes of paragraphs
(1) and (2), the type of specification included in a
solicitation shall depend on the nature of the needs of the
executive

[[Page 3753]]

agency and the market available to satisfy those needs. Subject
to those needs, specifications may be stated in terms of--
(A) function, so that a variety of products or
services may qualify;
(B) performance, including specifications of the range
of acceptable characteristics or of the minimum
acceptable standards; or
(C) design requirements.

(b) Contents of Solicitation.--In addition to the specifications
described in subsection (a), each solicitation for sealed bids or
competitive proposals (other than for a procurement for commercial items
using special simplified procedures or a purchase for an amount not
greater than the simplified acquisition threshold) shall at a minimum
include--
(1) a statement of--
(A) all significant factors and significant subfactors
that the executive agency reasonably expects to consider
in evaluating sealed bids (including price) or
competitive proposals (including cost or price, cost-
related or price-related factors and subfactors, and
noncost-related or nonprice-related factors and
subfactors); and
(B) the relative importance assigned to each of those
factors and subfactors; and
(2)(A) in the case of sealed bids--
(i) a statement that sealed bids will be evaluated
without discussions with the bidders; and
(ii) the time and place for the opening of the sealed
bids; or
(B) in the case of competitive proposals--
(i) either a statement that the proposals are intended
to be evaluated with, and the award made after,
discussions with the offerors, or a statement that the
proposals are intended to be evaluated, and the award
made, without discussions with the offerors (other than
discussions conducted for the purpose of minor
clarification) unless discussions are determined to be
necessary; and
(ii) the time and place for submission of proposals.

(c) Evaluation Factors.--
(1) In general.--In prescribing the evaluation factors to be
included in each solicitation for competitive proposals, an
executive agency shall--
(A) establish clearly the relative importance assigned
to the evaluation factors and subfactors, including the
quality of the product or services to be provided
(including technical capability, management capability,
prior experience, and past performance of the offeror);
(B) include cost or price to the Federal Government as
an evaluation factor that must be considered in the
evaluation of proposals; and
(C) disclose to offerors whether all evaluation
factors other than cost or price, when combined, are--
(i) significantly more important than cost or
price;
(ii) approximately equal in importance to cost
or price; or
(iii) significantly less important than cost or
price.
(2) Restriction on implementing regulations.--Regulations
implementing paragraph (1)(C) may not define the terms

[[Page 3754]]

``significantly more important'' and ``significantly less
important'' as specific numeric weights that would be applied
uniformly to all solicitations or a class of solicitations.

(d) Additional Information in Solicitation.--This section does not
prohibit an executive agency from--
(1) providing additional information in a solicitation,
including numeric weights for all evaluation factors and
subfactors on a case-by-case basis; or
(2) stating in a solicitation that award will be made to the
offeror that meets the solicitation's mandatory requirements at
the lowest cost or price.

(e) Limitation on Evaluation of Purchase Options.--An executive
agency, in issuing a solicitation for a contract to be awarded using
sealed bid procedures, may not include in the solicitation a clause
providing for the evaluation of prices for options to purchase
additional property or services under the contract unless the executive
agency has determined that there is a reasonable likelihood that the
options will be exercised.
(f) Authorization of Telecommuting for Federal Contractors.--
(1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``executive
agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 133 of this
title.
(2) Federal acquisition regulation to allow telecommuting.--
The Federal Acquisition Regulation issued in accordance with
sections 1121(b) and 1303(a)(1) of this title shall permit
telecommuting by employees of Federal Government contractors in
the performance of contracts entered into with executive
agencies.
(3) Scope of allowance.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation at
a minimum shall provide that a solicitation for the acquisition
of property or services may not set forth any requirement or
evaluation criteria that would--
(A) render an offeror ineligible to enter into a
contract on the basis of the inclusion of a plan of the
offeror to allow the offeror's employees to telecommute,
unless the contracting officer concerned first
determines that the requirements of the agency,
including security requirements, cannot be met if
telecommuting is allowed and documents in writing the
basis for the determination; or
(B) reduce the scoring of an offer on the basis of the
inclusion in the offer of a plan of the offeror to allow
the offeror's employees to telecommute, unless the
contracting officer concerned first determines that the
requirements of the agency, including security
requirements, would be adversely impacted if
telecommuting is allowed and documents in writing the
basis for the determination.

Sec. 3307. Preference for commercial items

(a) Relationship of Provisions of Law to Procurement of Commercial
Items.--
(1) This division.--Unless otherwise specifically provided,
all other provisions in this division also apply to the
procurement of commercial items.
(2) Laws listed in federal acquisition regulation.--A contract
for the procurement of a commercial item entered into by the
head of an executive agency is not subject to

[[Page 3755]]

a law properly listed in the Federal Acquisition Regulation
pursuant to section 1906 of this title.

(b) Preference.--The head of each executive agency shall ensure that,
to the maximum extent practicable--
(1) requirements of the executive agency with respect to a
procurement of supplies or services are stated in terms of--
(A) functions to be performed;
(B) performance required; or
(C) essential physical characteristics;
(2) those requirements are defined so that commercial items
or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet the
executive agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental
items other than commercial items may be procured to fulfill
those requirements; and
(3) offerors of commercial items and nondevelopmental items
other than commercial items are provided an opportunity to
compete in any procurement to fill those requirements.

(c) Implementation.--The head of each executive agency shall ensure
that procurement officials in that executive agency, to the maximum
extent practicable--
(1) acquire commercial items or nondevelopmental items other
than commercial items to meet the needs of the executive agency;
(2) require that prime contractors and subcontractors at all
levels under contracts of the executive agency incorporate
commercial items or nondevelopmental items other than commercial
items as components of items supplied to the executive agency;
(3) modify requirements in appropriate cases to ensure that
the requirements can be met by commercial items or, to the
extent that commercial items suitable to meet the executive
agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental items other
than commercial items;
(4) state specifications in terms that enable and encourage
bidders and offerors to supply commercial items or, to the
extent that commercial items suitable to meet the executive
agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental items other
than commercial items in response to the executive agency
solicitations;
(5) revise the executive agency's procurement policies,
practices, and procedures not required by law to reduce any
impediments in those policies, practices, and procedures to the
acquisition of commercial items; and
(6) require training of appropriate personnel in the
acquisition of commercial items.

(d) Market Research.--
(1) When to be used.--The head of an executive agency shall
conduct market research appropriate to the circumstances--
(A) before developing new specifications for a
procurement by that executive agency; and
(B) before soliciting bids or proposals for a contract
in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold.
(2) Use of results.--The head of an executive agency shall use
the results of market research to determine whether commercial
items or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet
the executive agency's needs are not available,

[[Page 3756]]

nondevelopmental items other than commercial items are available
that--
(A) meet the executive agency's requirements;
(B) could be modified to meet the executive agency's
requirements; or
(C) could meet the executive agency's requirements if
those requirements were modified to a reasonable extent.
(3) Only minimum information required to be submitted.--In
conducting market research, the head of an executive agency
should not require potential sources to submit more than the
minimum information that is necessary to make the determinations
required in paragraph (2).

(e) Regulations.--
(1) In general.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall
provide regulations to implement this section, sections 102,
103, 105, and 110 of this title, and chapter 140 of title 10.
(2) Contract clauses.--
(A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term
``subcontract'' includes a transfer of commercial items
between divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a
contractor or subcontractor.
(B) List of clauses to be included.--The regulations
prescribed under paragraph (1) shall contain a list of
contract clauses to be included in contracts for the
acquisition of commercial end items. To the maximum
extent practicable, the list shall include only those
contract clauses that are--
(i) required to implement provisions of law or
executive orders applicable to acquisitions of
commercial items or commercial components; or
(ii) determined to be consistent with standard
commercial practice.
(C) Requirements of prime contractor.--The regulations
shall provide that the Federal Government shall not
require a prime contractor to apply to any of its
divisions, subsidiaries, affiliates, subcontractors, or
suppliers that are furnishing commercial items any
contract clause except those that are--
(i) required to implement provisions of law or
executive orders applicable to subcontractors
furnishing commercial items or commercial
components; or
(ii) determined to be consistent with standard
commercial practice.
(D) Clauses that may be used in a contract.--To the
maximum extent practicable, only the contract clauses
listed pursuant to subparagraph (B) may be used in a
contract, and only the contract clauses referred to in
subparagraph (C) may be required to be used in a
subcontract, for the acquisition of commercial items or
commercial components by or for an executive agency.
(E) Waiver of contract clauses.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall provide standards and
procedures for waiving the use of contract clauses
required pursuant to subparagraph (B), other than those
required by law, including standards for determining the
cases in which a waiver is appropriate.
(3) Market acceptance.--

[[Page 3757]]

(A) Requirement of offerors.--The Federal Acquisition
Regulation shall provide that under appropriate
conditions the head of an executive agency may require
offerors to demonstrate that the items offered--
(i) have achieved commercial market acceptance
or been satisfactorily supplied to an executive
agency under current or recent contracts for the
same or similar requirements; and
(ii) otherwise meet the item description,
specifications, or other criteria prescribed in
the public notice and solicitation relating to the
contract.
(B) Regulation to provide guidance on criteria.--The
Federal Acquisition Regulation shall provide guidance to
ensure that the criteria for determining commercial
market acceptance include the consideration of--
(i) the minimum needs of the executive agency
concerned; and
(ii) the entire relevant commercial market,
including small businesses.
(4) Provisions relating to types of contracts.--
(A) Types of contracts that may be used.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall include, for acquisitions
of commercial items--
(i) a requirement that firm, fixed price
contracts or fixed price with economic price
adjustment contracts be used to the maximum extent
practicable;
(ii) a prohibition on use of cost type
contracts; and
(iii) subject to subparagraph (B), authority for
use of a time-and-materials or labor-hour contract
for the procurement of commercial services that
are commonly sold to the general public through
those contracts and are purchased by the procuring
agency on a competitive basis.
(B) When time-and-materials or labor-hour contract may
be used.--A time-and-materials or labor-hour contract
may be used pursuant to the authority referred to in
subparagraph (A)(iii)--
(i) only for a procurement of commercial
services in a category of commercial services
described in subparagraph (C); and
(ii) only if the contracting officer for the
procurement--
(I) executes a determination and
findings that no other contract type is
suitable;
(II) includes in the contract a
ceiling price that the contractor
exceeds at its own risk; and
(III) authorizes a subsequent change
in the ceiling price only on a
determination, documented in the
contract file, that it is in the best
interest of the procuring agency to
change the ceiling price.
(C) Categories of commercial services.--The categories
of commercial services referred to in subparagraph (B)
are as follows:
(i) Commercial services procured for support of
a commercial item, as described in section 103(5)
of this title.

[[Page 3758]]

(ii) Any other category of commercial services
that the Administrator for Federal Procurement
Policy designates in the Federal Acquisition
Regulation for the purposes of this subparagraph
on the basis that--
(I) the commercial services in the
category are of a type of commercial
services that are commonly sold to the
general public through use of time-and-
materials or labor-hour contracts; and
(II) it would be in the best
interests of the Federal Government to
authorize use of time-and-materials or
labor-hour contracts for purchases of
the commercial services in the category.
(5) Contract quality requirements.--Regulations prescribed
under paragraph (1) shall include provisions that--
(A) allow, to the maximum extent practicable, a
contractor under a commercial items acquisition to use
the existing quality assurance system of the contractor
as a substitute for compliance with an otherwise
applicable requirement for the Federal Government to
inspect or test the commercial items before the
contractor's tender of those items for acceptance by the
Federal Government;
(B) require that, to the maximum extent practicable,
the executive agency take advantage of warranties
(including extended warranties) offered by offerors of
commercial items and use those warranties for the repair
and replacement of commercial items; and
(C) set forth guidance regarding the use of past
performance of commercial items and sources as a factor
in contract award decisions.

Sec. 3308. Planning for future competition in contracts for major
systems

(a) Development Contract.--
(1) Determining whether proposals are necessary.--In preparing
a solicitation for the award of a development contract for a
major system, the head of an agency shall consider requiring in
the solicitation that an offeror include in its offer proposals
described in paragraph (2). In determining whether to require
the proposals, the head of the agency shall consider the
purposes for which the system is being procured and the
technology necessary to meet the system's required capabilities.
If the proposals are required, the head of the agency shall
consider them in evaluating the offeror's price.
(2) Contents of proposals.--The proposals that the head of an
agency is to consider requiring in a solicitation for the award
of a development contract are the following:
(A) Proposals to incorporate in the design of the
major system items that are currently available within
the supply system of the Federal agency responsible for
the major system, available elsewhere in the national
supply system, or commercially available from more than
one source.
(B) With respect to items that are likely to be
required in substantial quantities during the system's
service life, proposals to incorporate in the design of
the major system items that the Federal Government will
be able to acquire competitively in the future.

(b) Production Contract.--

[[Page 3759]]

(1) Determining whether proposals are necessary.--In preparing
a solicitation for the award of a production contract for a
major system, the head of an agency shall consider requiring in
the solicitation that an offeror include in its offer proposals
described in paragraph (2). In determining whether to require
the proposals, the head of the agency shall consider the
purposes for which the system is being procured and the
technology necessary to meet the system's required capabilities.
If the proposals are required, the head of the agency shall
consider them in evaluating the offeror's price.
(2) Content of proposals.--The proposals that the head of an
agency is to consider requiring in a solicitation for the award
of a production contract are proposals identifying opportunities
to ensure that the Federal Government will be able to obtain on
a competitive basis items procured in connection with the system
that are likely to be reprocured in substantial quantities
during the service life of the system. Proposals submitted in
response to this requirement may include the following:
(A) Proposals to provide to the Federal Government the
right to use technical data to be provided under the
contract for competitive reprocurement of the item,
together with the cost to the Federal Government of
acquiring the data and the right to use the data.
(B) Proposals for the qualification or development of
multiple sources of supply for the item.

(c) Consideration of Factors as Objectives in Negotiations.--If the
head of an agency is making a noncompetitive award of a development
contract or a production contract for a major system, the factors
specified in subsections (a) and (b) to be considered in evaluating an
offer for a contract may be considered as objectives in negotiating the
contract to be awarded.

Sec. 3309. Design-build selection procedures

(a) Authorization.--Unless the traditional acquisition approach of
design-bid-build established under sections 1101 to 1104 of title 40 or
another acquisition procedure authorized by law is used, the head of an
executive agency shall use the two-phase selection procedures authorized
in this section for entering into a contract for the design and
construction of a public building, facility, or work when a
determination is made under subsection (b) that the procedures are
appropriate for use.
(b) Criteria for Use.--A contracting officer shall make a
determination whether two-phase selection procedures are appropriate for
use for entering into a contract for the design and construction of a
public building, facility, or work when--
(1) the contracting officer anticipates that 3 or more offers
will be received for the contract;
(2) design work must be performed before an offeror can
develop a price or cost proposal for the contract;
(3) the offeror will incur a substantial amount of expense in
preparing the offer; and
(4) the contracting officer has considered information such as
the following:
(A) The extent to which the project requirements have
been adequately defined.
(B) The time constraints for delivery of the project.
(C) The capability and experience of potential
contractors.

[[Page 3760]]

(D) The suitability of the project for use of the two-
phase selection procedures.
(E) The capability of the agency to manage the two-
phase selection process.
(F) Other criteria established by the agency.

(c) Procedures Described.--Two-phase selection procedures consist of
the following:
(1) Development of scope of work statement.--The agency
develops, either in-house or by contract, a scope of work
statement for inclusion in the solicitation that defines the
project and provides prospective offerors with sufficient
information regarding the Federal Government's requirements
(which may include criteria and preliminary design, budget
parameters, and schedule or delivery requirements) to enable the
offerors to submit proposals that meet the Federal Government's
needs. If the agency contracts for development of the scope of
work statement, the agency shall contract for architectural and
engineering services as defined by and in accordance with
sections 1101 to 1104 of title 40.
(2) Solicitation of phase-one proposals.--The contracting
officer solicits phase-one proposals that--
(A) include information on the offeror's--
(i) technical approach; and
(ii) technical qualifications; and
(B) do not include--
(i) detailed design information; or
(ii) cost or price information.
(3) Evaluation factors.--The evaluation factors to be used in
evaluating phase-one proposals are stated in the solicitation
and include specialized experience and technical competence,
capability to perform, past performance of the offeror's team
(including the architect-engineer and construction members of
the team), and other appropriate factors, except that cost-
related or price-related evaluation factors are not permitted.
Each solicitation establishes the relative importance assigned
to the evaluation factors and subfactors that must be considered
in the evaluation of phase-one proposals. The agency evaluates
phase-one proposals on the basis of the phase-one evaluation
factors set forth in the solicitation.
(4) Selection by contracting officer.--
(A) Number of offerors selected and what is to be
evaluated.--The contracting officer selects as the most
highly qualified the number of offerors specified in the
solicitation to provide the property or services under
the contract and requests the selected offerors to
submit phase-two competitive proposals that include
technical proposals and cost or price information. Each
solicitation establishes with respect to phase two--
(i) the technical submission for the proposal,
including design concepts or proposed solutions to
requirements addressed within the scope of work,
or both; and
(ii) the evaluation factors and subfactors,
including cost or price, that must be considered
in the evaluations of proposals in accordance with
subsections (b) to (d) of section 3306 of this
title.

[[Page 3761]]

(B) Separate evaluations.--The contracting officer
separately evaluates the submissions described in
clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A).
(5) Awarding of contract.--The agency awards the contract in
accordance with chapter 37 of this title.

(d) Solicitation To State Number of Offerors To Be Selected for Phase-
Two Requests for Competitive Proposals.--A solicitation issued pursuant
to the procedures described in subsection (c) shall state the maximum
number of offerors that are to be selected to submit competitive
proposals pursuant to subsection (c)(4). The maximum number specified in
the solicitation shall not exceed 5 unless the agency determines with
respect to an individual solicitation that a specified number greater
than 5 is in the Federal Government's interest and is consistent with
the purposes and objectives of the two-phase selection process.
(e) Requirement for Guidance and Regulations.--The Federal Acquisition
Regulation shall include guidance--
(1) regarding the factors that may be considered in
determining whether the two-phase contracting procedures
authorized by subsection (a) are appropriate for use in
individual contracting situations;
(2) regarding the factors that may be used in selecting
contractors; and
(3) providing for a uniform approach to be used Government-
wide.

Sec. 3310. Quantities to order

(a) Factors Affecting Quantity To Order.--Each executive agency shall
procure supplies in a quantity that--
(1) will result in the total cost and unit cost most
advantageous to the Federal Government, where practicable; and
(2) does not exceed the quantity reasonably expected to be
required by the agency.

(b) Offeror's Opinion of Quantity.--Each solicitation for a contract
for supplies shall, if practicable, include a provision inviting each
offeror responding to the solicitation to state an opinion on whether
the quantity of supplies proposed to be procured is economically
advantageous to the Federal Government and, if applicable, to recommend
a quantity that would be more economically advantageous to the Federal
Government. Each recommendation shall include a quotation of the total
price and the unit price for supplies procured in each recommended
quantity.

Sec. 3311. Qualification requirement

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``qualification
requirement'' means a requirement for testing or other quality assurance
demonstration that must be completed by an offeror before award of a
contract.
(b) Actions Before Enforcing Qualification Requirement.--Except as
provided in subsection (c), the head of an agency, before enforcing any
qualification requirement, shall--
(1) prepare a written justification stating the necessity for
establishing the qualification requirement and specify why the
qualification requirement must be demonstrated before contract
award;
(2) specify in writing and make available to a potential
offeror on request all requirements that a prospective offeror,
or its

[[Page 3762]]

product, must satisfy to become qualified, with those
requirements to be limited to those least restrictive to meet
the purposes necessitating the establishment of the
qualification requirement;
(3) specify an estimate of the cost of testing and evaluation
likely to be incurred by a potential offeror to become
qualified;
(4) ensure that a potential offeror is provided, on request, a
prompt opportunity to demonstrate at its own expense (except as
provided in subsection (d)) its ability to meet the standards
specified for qualification using--
(A) qualified personnel and facilities--
(i) of the agency concerned;
(ii) of another agency obtained through
interagency agreement; or
(iii) under contract; or
(B) other methods approved by the agency (including
use of approved testing and evaluation services not
provided under contract to the agency);
(5) if testing and evaluation services are provided under
contract to the agency for the purposes of paragraph (4),
provide to the extent possible that those services be provided
by a contractor that--
(A) is not expected to benefit from an absence of
additional qualified sources; and
(B) is required in the contract to adhere to any
restriction on technical data asserted by the potential
offeror seeking qualification; and
(6) ensure that a potential offeror seeking qualification is
promptly informed whether qualification is attained and, if not
attained, is promptly furnished specific information about why
qualification was not attained.

(c) Applicability, Waiver Authority, and Referral of Offers.--
(1) Applicability.--Subsection (b) does not apply to a
qualification requirement established by statute prior to
October 30, 1984.
(2) Waiver authority.--
(A) Submission of determination of unreasonableness.--
Except as provided in subparagraph (C), if it is
unreasonable to specify the standards for qualification
that a prospective offeror or its product must satisfy,
a determination to that effect shall be submitted to the
advocate for competition of the procuring activity
responsible for the purchase of the item subject to the
qualification requirement.
(B) Authority to grant waiver.--After considering any
comments of the advocate for competition reviewing the
determination, the head of the procuring activity may
waive the requirements of paragraphs (2) to (5) of
subsection (b) for up to 2 years with respect to the
item subject to the qualification requirement.
(C) Nonapplicability to qualified products list.--
Waiver authority under this paragraph does not apply
with respect to a qualified products list.
(3) Submission and consideration of offer not to be denied.--A
potential offeror may not be denied the opportunity to submit
and have considered an offer for a contract solely because the
potential offeror has not been identified as meeting

[[Page 3763]]

a qualification requirement if the potential offeror can
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the contracting officer that
the potential offeror or its product meets the standards
established for qualification or can meet those standards before
the date specified for award of the contract.
(4) Referral to small business administration not required.--
This subsection does not require the referral of an offer to the
Small Business Administration pursuant to section 8(b)(7) of the
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(b)(7)) if the basis for the
referral is a challenge by the offeror to either the validity of
the qualification requirement or the offeror's compliance with
that requirement.
(5) Delay of procurement not required.--The head of an agency
need not delay a proposed procurement to comply with subsection
(b) or to provide a potential offeror with an opportunity to
demonstrate its ability to meet the standards specified for
qualification.

(d) Fewer Than 2 Actual Manufacturers.--
(1) Solicitation and testing of additional sources or
products.--If the number of qualified sources or qualified
products available to compete actively for an anticipated future
requirement is fewer than 2 actual manufacturers or the products
of 2 actual manufacturers, respectively, the head of the agency
concerned shall--
(A) publish notice periodically soliciting additional
sources or products to seek qualification, unless the
contracting officer determines that doing so would
compromise national security; and
(B) subject to paragraph (2), bear the cost of
conducting the specified testing and evaluation
(excluding the cost associated with producing the item
or establishing the production, quality control, or
other system to be tested and evaluated) for a small
business concern or a product manufactured by a small
business concern that has met the standards specified
for qualification and that could reasonably be expected
to compete for a contract for that requirement.
(2) When agency may bear cost.--The head of the agency
concerned may bear the cost under paragraph (1)(B) only if the
head of the agency determines that the additional qualified
sources or products are likely to result in cost savings from
increased competition for future requirements sufficient to
offset (within a reasonable period of time considering the
duration and dollar value of anticipated future requirements)
the cost incurred by the agency.
(3) Certification required.--The head of the agency shall
require a prospective contractor requesting the Federal
Government to bear testing and evaluation costs under paragraph
(1)(B) to certify its status as a small business concern under
section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).

(e) Examination and Revalidation of Qualification Requirement.--Within
7 years after the establishment of a qualification requirement, the need
for the requirement shall be examined and the standards of the
requirement revalidated in accordance with the requirements of
subsection (b). This subsection does not apply in the case of a
qualification requirement for which a waiver is in effect under
subsection (c)(2).

[[Page 3764]]

(f) When Enforcement of Qualification Requirement Not Allowed.--Except
in an emergency as determined by the head of the agency, after the head
of the agency determines not to enforce a qualification requirement for
a solicitation, the agency may not enforce the requirement unless the
agency complies with the requirements of subsection (b).

CHAPTER 35--TRUTHFUL COST OR PRICING DATA

Sec.
3501.  General.
3502.  Required cost or pricing data and certification.
3503.  Exceptions.
3504.  Cost or pricing data on below-threshold contracts.
3505.  Submission of other information.
3506.  Price reductions for defective cost or pricing data.
3507.  Interest and penalties for certain overpayments.
3508.  Right to examine contractor records.
3509.  Notification of violations of Federal criminal law or
overpayments.

Sec. 3501. General

(a) Definitions.--In this chapter:
(1) Commercial item.--The term ``commercial item'' has the
meaning provided the term by section 103 of this title.
(2) Cost or pricing data.--The term ``cost or pricing data''
means all facts that, as of the date of agreement on the price
of a contract (or the price of a contract modification) or, if
applicable consistent with section 3506(a)(2) of this title,
another date agreed upon between the parties, a prudent buyer or
seller would reasonably expect to affect price negotiations
significantly. The term does not include information that is
judgmental, but does include factual information from which a
judgment was derived.
(3) Subcontract.--The term ``subcontract'' includes a transfer
of commercial items between divisions, subsidiaries, or
affiliates of a contractor or a subcontractor.

(b) Regulations.--
(1) Minimizing abuse of commercial services item authority.--
The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall ensure that services
that are not offered and sold competitively in substantial
quantities in the commercial marketplace, but are of a type
offered and sold competitively in substantial quantities in the
commercial marketplace, may be treated as commercial items for
purposes of this chapter only if the contracting officer
determines in writing that the offeror has submitted sufficient
information to evaluate, through price analysis, the
reasonableness of the price for the services.
(2) Information to submit.--To the extent necessary to make a
determination under paragraph (1), the contracting officer may
request the offeror to submit--
(A) prices paid for the same or similar commercial
items under comparable terms and conditions by both
government and commercial customers; and
(B) if the contracting officer determines that the
information described in subparagraph (A) is not
sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price,
other relevant information regarding the basis for price
or cost, including information on labor costs, material
costs, and overhead rates.

[[Page 3765]]

Sec. 3502. Required cost or pricing data and certification

(a) When Required.--The head of an executive agency shall require
offerors, contractors, and subcontractors to make cost or pricing data
available as follows:
(1) Offeror for prime contract.--An offeror for a prime
contract under this division to be entered into using procedures
other than sealed-bid procedures shall be required to submit
cost or pricing data before the award of a contract if--
(A) in the case of a prime contract entered into after
October 13, 1994, the price of the contract to the
Federal Government is expected to exceed $500,000; and
(B) in the case of a prime contract entered into on or
before October 13, 1994, the price of the contract to
the Federal Government is expected to exceed $100,000.
(2) Contractor.--The contractor for a prime contract under
this division shall be required to submit cost or pricing data
before the pricing of a change or modification to the contract
if--
(A) in the case of a change or modification made to a
prime contract referred to in paragraph (1)(A), the
price adjustment is expected to exceed $500,000;
(B) in the case of a change or modification made to a
prime contract that was entered into on or before
October 13, 1994, and that has been modified pursuant to
subsection (f), the price adjustment is expected to
exceed $500,000; and
(C) in the case of a change or modification not
covered by subparagraph (A) or (B), the price adjustment
is expected to exceed $100,000.
(3) Offeror for subcontract.--An offeror for a subcontract (at
any tier) of a contract under this division shall be required to
submit cost or pricing data before the award of the subcontract
if the prime contractor and each higher-tier subcontractor have
been required to make available cost or pricing data under this
chapter and--
(A) in the case of a subcontract under a prime
contract referred to in paragraph (1)(A), the price of
the subcontract is expected to exceed $500,000;
(B) in the case of a subcontract entered into under a
prime contract that was entered into on or before
October 13, 1994, and that has been modified pursuant to
subsection (f), the price of the subcontract is expected
to exceed $500,000; and
(C) in the case of a subcontract not covered by
subparagraph (A) or (B), the price of the subcontract is
expected to exceed $100,000.
(4) Subcontractor.--The subcontractor for a subcontract
covered by paragraph (3) shall be required to submit cost or
pricing data before the pricing of a change or modification to
the subcontract if--
(A) in the case of a change or modification to a
subcontract referred to in paragraph (3)(A) or (B), the
price adjustment is expected to exceed $500,000; and
(B) in the case of a change or modification to a
subcontract referred to in paragraph (3)(C), the price
adjustment is expected to exceed $100,000.

[[Page 3766]]

(b) Certification.--A person required, as an offeror, contractor, or
subcontractor, to submit cost or pricing data under subsection (a) (or
required by the head of the procuring activity concerned to submit the
data under section 3504 of this title) shall be required to certify
that, to the best of the person's knowledge and belief, the cost or
pricing data submitted are accurate, complete, and current.
(c) To Whom Submitted.--Cost or pricing data required to be submitted
under subsection (a) (or under section 3504 of this title), and a
certification required to be submitted under subsection (b), shall be
submitted--
(1) in the case of a submission by a prime contractor (or an
offeror for a prime contract), to the contracting officer for
the contract (or a designated representative of the contracting
officer); or
(2) in the case of a submission by a subcontractor (or an
offeror for a subcontract), to the prime contractor.

(d) Application of Chapter.--Except as provided under section 3503 of
this title, this chapter applies to contracts entered into by the head
of an executive agency on behalf of a foreign government.
(e) Subcontracts Not Affected by Waiver.--A waiver of requirements for
submission of certified cost or pricing data that is granted under
section 3503(a)(3) of this title in the case of a contract or
subcontract does not waive the requirement under subsection (a)(3) of
this section for submission of cost or pricing data in the case of
subcontracts under that contract or subcontract unless the head of the
procuring activity granting the waiver determines that the requirement
under subsection (a)(3) of this section should be waived in the case of
those subcontracts and justifies in writing the reason for the
determination.
(f) Modifications to Prior Contracts.--On the request of a contractor
that was required to submit cost or pricing data under subsection (a) in
connection with a prime contract entered into on or before October 13,
1994, the head of the executive agency that entered into the contract
shall modify the contract to reflect paragraphs (2)(B) and (3)(B) of
subsection (a). All those modifications shall be made without requiring
consideration.
(g) Adjustment of Amounts.--Effective on October 1 of each year that
is divisible by 5, each amount set forth in subsection (a) shall be
adjusted to the amount that is equal to the fiscal year 1994 constant
dollar value of the amount set forth. Any amount, as so adjusted, that
is not evenly divisible by $50,000 shall be rounded to the nearest
multiple of $50,000. In the case of an amount that is evenly divisible
by $25,000 but not evenly divisible by $50,000, the amount shall be
rounded to the next higher multiple of $50,000.

Sec. 3503. Exceptions

(a) In General.--Submission of certified cost or pricing data shall
not be required under section 3502 of this title in the case of a
contract, a subcontract, or a modification of a contract or
subcontract--
(1) for which the price agreed on is based on--
(A) adequate price competition; or
(B) prices set by law or regulation;
(2) for the acquisition of a commercial item; or

[[Page 3767]]

(3) in an exceptional case when the head of the procuring
activity, without delegation, determines that the requirements
of this chapter may be waived and justifies in writing the
reasons for the determination.

(b) Modifications of Contracts and Subcontracts for Commercial
Items.--In the case of a modification of a contract or subcontract for a
commercial item that is not covered by the exception to the submission
of certified cost or pricing data in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection
(a), submission of certified cost or pricing data shall not be required
under section 3502 of this title if--
(1) the contract or subcontract being modified is a contract
or subcontract for which submission of certified cost or pricing
data may not be required by reason of paragraph (1) or (2) of
subsection (a); and
(2) the modification would not change the contract or
subcontract from a contract or subcontract for the acquisition
of a commercial item to a contract or subcontract for the
acquisition of an item other than a commercial item.

Sec. 3504. Cost or pricing data on below-threshold contracts

(a) Authority To Require Submission.--Subject to subsection (b), when
certified cost or pricing data are not required to be submitted by
section 3502 of this title for a contract, subcontract, or modification
of a contract or subcontract, the data may nevertheless be required to
be submitted by the head of the procuring activity, but only if the head
of the procuring activity determines that the data are necessary for the
evaluation by the agency of the reasonableness of the price of the
contract, subcontract, or modification of a contract or subcontract. In
any case in which the head of the procuring activity requires the data
to be submitted under this section, the head of the procuring activity
shall justify in writing the reason for the requirement.
(b) Exception.--The head of the procuring activity may not require
certified cost or pricing data to be submitted under this section for
any contract or subcontract, or modification of a contract or
subcontract, covered by the exceptions in section 3503(a)(1) or (2) of
this title.
(c) Delegation of Authority Prohibited.--The head of a procuring
activity may not delegate the functions under this section.

Sec. 3505. Submission of other information

(a) Authority To Require Submission.--When certified cost or pricing
data are not required to be submitted under this chapter for a contract,
subcontract, or modification of a contract or subcontract, the
contracting officer shall require submission of data other than
certified cost or pricing data to the extent necessary to determine the
reasonableness of the price of the contract, subcontract, or
modification of the contract or subcontract. Except in the case of a
contract or subcontract covered by the exceptions in section 3503(a)(1)
of this title, the contracting officer shall require that the data
submitted include, at a minimum, appropriate information on the prices
at which the same item or similar items have previously been sold that
is adequate for evaluating the reasonableness of the price for the
procurement.
(b) Limitations on Authority.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation
shall include the following provisions regarding the types of

[[Page 3768]]

information that contracting officers may require under subsection (a):
(1) Reasonable limitations.--Reasonable limitations on
requests for sales data relating to commercial items.
(2) Limitation on scope of request.--A requirement that a
contracting officer limit, to the maximum extent practicable,
the scope of any request for information relating to commercial
items from an offeror to only that information that is in the
form regularly maintained by the offeror in commercial
operations.
(3) Information not to be disclosed.--A statement that any
information received relating to commercial items that is exempt
from disclosure under section 552(b) of title 5 shall not be
disclosed by the Federal Government.

Sec. 3506. Price reductions for defective cost or pricing data

(a) Provision Requiring Adjustment.--
(1) In general.--A prime contract (or change or modification
to a prime contract) under which a certificate under section
3502(b) of this title is required shall contain a provision that
the price of the contract to the Federal Government, including
profit or fee, shall be adjusted to exclude any significant
amount by which it may be determined by the head of the
executive agency that the price was increased because the
contractor (or any subcontractor required to make the
certificate available) submitted defective cost or pricing data.
(2) What constitutes defective cost or pricing data.--For the
purposes of this chapter, defective cost or pricing data are
cost or pricing data that, as of the date of agreement on the
price of the contract (or another date agreed on between the
parties), were inaccurate, incomplete, or noncurrent. If for
purposes of the preceding sentence the parties agree on a date
other than the date of agreement on the price of the contract,
the date agreed on by the parties shall be as close to the date
of agreement on the price of the contract as is practicable.

(b) Valid Defense.--In determining for purposes of a contract price
adjustment under a contract provision required by subsection (a)
whether, and to what extent, a contract price was increased because the
contractor (or a subcontractor) submitted defective cost or pricing
data, it is a defense that the Federal Government did not rely on the
defective data submitted by the contractor or subcontractor.
(c) Invalid Defenses.--It is not a defense to an adjustment of the
price of a contract under a contract provision required by subsection
(a) that--
(1) the price of the contract would not have been modified
even if accurate, complete, and current cost or pricing data had
been submitted by the contractor or subcontractor because the
contractor or subcontractor--
(A) was the sole source of the property or services
procured; or
(B) otherwise was in a superior bargaining position
with respect to the property or services procured;
(2) the contracting officer should have known that the cost or
pricing data in issue were defective even though the contractor
or subcontractor took no affirmative action to bring

[[Page 3769]]

the character of the data to the attention of the contracting
officer;
(3) the contract was based on an agreement between the
contractor and the Federal Government about the total cost of
the contract and there was no agreement about the cost of each
item procured under the contract; or
(4) the prime contractor or subcontractor did not submit a
certification of cost or pricing data relating to the contract
as required by section 3502(b) of this title.

(d) Offsets.--
(1) When allowed.--A contractor shall be allowed to offset an
amount against the amount of a contract price adjustment under a
contract provision required by subsection (a) if--
(A) the contractor certifies to the contracting
officer (or to a designated representative of the
contracting officer) that, to the best of the
contractor's knowledge and belief, the contractor is
entitled to the offset; and
(B) the contractor proves that the cost or pricing
data were available before the date of agreement on the
price of the contract (or price of the modification),
or, if applicable, consistent with subsection (a)(2),
another date agreed on by the parties, and that the data
were not submitted as specified in section 3502(c) of
this title before that date.
(2) When not allowed.--A contractor shall not be allowed to
offset an amount otherwise authorized to be offset under
paragraph (1) if--
(A) the certification under section 3502(b) of this
title with respect to the cost or pricing data involved
was known to be false when signed; or
(B) the Federal Government proves that, had the cost
or pricing data referred to in paragraph (1)(B) been
submitted to the Federal Government before date of
agreement on the price of the contract (or price of the
modification), or, if applicable, under subsection
(a)(2), another date agreed on by the parties, the
submission of the cost or pricing data would not have
resulted in an increase in that price in the amount to
be offset.

Sec. 3507. Interest and penalties for certain overpayments

(a) In General.--If the Federal Government makes an overpayment to a
contractor under a contract with an executive agency subject to this
chapter and the overpayment was due to the submission by the contractor
of defective cost or pricing data, the contractor shall be liable to the
Federal Government--
(1) for interest on the amount of the overpayment, to be
computed--
(A) for the period beginning on the date the
overpayment was made to the contractor and ending on the
date the contractor repays the amount of the overpayment
to the Federal Government; and
(B) at the current rate prescribed by the Secretary of
the Treasury under section 6621 of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 6621); and
(2) if the submission of the defective data was a knowing
submission, for an additional amount equal to the amount of the
overpayment.

[[Page 3770]]

(b) Liability Not Affected by Refusal To Submit Certification.--Any
liability under this section of a contractor that submits cost or
pricing data but refuses to submit the certification required by section
3502(b) of this title with respect to the cost or pricing data is not
affected by the refusal to submit the certification.

Sec. 3508. Right to examine contractor records

For the purpose of evaluating the accuracy, completeness, and currency
of cost or pricing data required to be submitted by this chapter, an
executive agency shall have the authority provided by section 4706(b)(2)
of this title.

Sec. 3509. Notification of violations of Federal criminal law or
overpayments

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered contract'' means
any contract in an amount greater than $5,000,000 and more than 120 days
in duration.
(b) Federal Acquisition Regulation.--The Federal Acquisition
Regulation shall include, pursuant to FAR Case 2007-006 (as published at
72 Fed. Reg. 64019, November 14, 2007) or any follow-on FAR case,
provisions that require timely notification by Federal contractors of
violations of Federal criminal law or overpayments in connection with
the award or performance of covered contracts or subcontracts, including
those performed outside the United States and those for commercial
items.

CHAPTER 37--AWARDING OF CONTRACTS

Sec.
3701.  Basis of award and rejection.
3702.  Sealed bids.
3703.  Competitive proposals.
3704.  Post-award debriefings.
3705.  Pre-award debriefings.
3706.  Encouragement of alternative dispute resolution.
3707.  Antitrust violations.
3708.  Protests.

Sec. 3701. Basis of award and rejection

(a) Award.--An executive agency shall evaluate sealed bids and
competitive proposals, and award a contract, based solely on the factors
specified in the solicitation.
(b) Rejection.--All sealed bids or competitive proposals received in
response to a solicitation may be rejected if the agency head determines
that rejection is in the public interest.

Sec. 3702. Sealed bids

(a) Opening of Bids.--Sealed bids shall be opened publicly at the time
and place stated in the solicitation.
(b) Criteria for Awarding Contract.--The executive agency shall
evaluate the bids in accordance with section 3701(a) of this title
without discussions with the bidders and, except as provided in section
3701(b) of this title, shall award a contract with reasonable promptness
to the responsible source whose bid conforms to the solicitation and is
most advantageous to the Federal Government, considering only price and
the other price-related factors included in the solicitation.
(c) Notice of Award.--The award of a contract shall be made by
transmitting, in writing or by electronic means, notice of the

[[Page 3771]]

award to the successful bidder. Within 3 days after the date of contract
award, the executive agency shall notify, in writing or by electronic
means, each bidder not awarded the contract that the contract has been
awarded.

Sec. 3703. Competitive proposals

(a) Evaluation and Award.--An executive agency shall evaluate
competitive proposals in accordance with section 3701(a) of this title
and may award a contract--
(1) after discussions with the offerors, provided that written
or oral discussions have been conducted with all responsible
offerors who submit proposals within the competitive range; or
(2) based on the proposals received and without discussions
with the offerors (other than discussions conducted for the
purpose of minor clarification), if, as required by section
3306(b)(2)(B)(i) of this title, the solicitation included a
statement that proposals are intended to be evaluated, and award
made, without discussions unless discussions are determined to
be necessary.

(b) Limit on Number of Proposals.--If the contracting officer
determines that the number of offerors that would otherwise be included
in the competitive range under subsection (a)(1) exceeds the number at
which an efficient competition can be conducted, the contracting officer
may limit the number of proposals in the competitive range, in
accordance with the criteria specified in the solicitation, to the
greatest number that will permit an efficient competition among the
offerors rated most highly in accordance with those criteria.
(c) Criteria for Awarding Contract.--Except as otherwise provided in
section 3701(b) of this title, the executive agency shall award a
contract with reasonable promptness to the responsible source whose
proposal is most advantageous to the Federal Government, considering
only cost or price and the other factors included in the solicitation.
(d) Notice of Award.--The executive agency shall award the contract by
transmitting, in writing or by electronic means, notice of the award to
that source and, within 3 days after the date of contract award, shall
notify, in writing or by electronic means, all other offerors of the
rejection of their proposals.

Sec. 3704. Post-award debriefings

(a) Request for Debriefing.--When a contract is awarded by the head of
an executive agency on the basis of competitive proposals, an
unsuccessful offeror, on written request received by the agency within 3
days after the date on which the unsuccessful offeror receives the
notification of the contract award, shall be debriefed and furnished the
basis for the selection decision and contract award.
(b) When Debriefing To Be Conducted.--The executive agency shall
debrief the offeror within, to the maximum extent practicable, 5 days
after receipt of the request by the executive agency.
(c) Information To Be Provided.--The debriefing shall include, at a
minimum--
(1) the executive agency's evaluation of the significant weak
or deficient factors in the offeror's offer;
(2) the overall evaluated cost and technical rating of the
offer of the contractor awarded the contract and the overall

[[Page 3772]]

evaluated cost and technical rating of the offer of the
debriefed offeror;
(3) the overall ranking of all offers;
(4) a summary of the rationale for the award;
(5) in the case of a proposal that includes a commercial item
that is an end item under the contract, the make and model of
the item being provided in accordance with the offer of the
contractor awarded the contract; and
(6) reasonable responses to relevant questions posed by the
debriefed offeror as to whether source selection procedures set
forth in the solicitation, applicable regulations, and other
applicable authorities were followed by the executive agency.

(d) Information Not To Be Included.--The debriefing may not include
point-by-point comparisons of the debriefed offeror's offer with other
offers and may not disclose any information that is exempt from
disclosure under section 552(b) of title 5.
(e) Inclusion of Statement in Solicitation.--Each solicitation for
competitive proposals shall include a statement that information
described in subsection (c) may be disclosed in post-award debriefings.
(f) After Successful Protest.--If, within one year after the date of
the contract award and as a result of a successful procurement protest,
the executive agency seeks to fulfill the requirement under the
protested contract either on the basis of a new solicitation of offers
or on the basis of new best and final offers requested for that
contract, the head of the executive agency shall make available to all
offerors--
(1) the information provided in debriefings under this section
regarding the offer of the contractor awarded the contract; and
(2) the same information that would have been provided to the
original offerors.

(g) Summary To Be Included in File.--The contracting officer shall
include a summary of the debriefing in the contract file.

Sec. 3705. Pre-award debriefings

(a) Request for Debriefing.--When the contracting officer excludes an
offeror submitting a competitive proposal from the competitive range (or
otherwise excludes that offeror from further consideration prior to the
final source selection decision), the excluded offeror may request in
writing, within 3 days after the date on which the excluded offeror
receives notice of its exclusion, a debriefing prior to award.
(b) When Debriefing To Be Conducted.--The contracting officer shall
make every effort to debrief the unsuccessful offeror as soon as
practicable but may refuse the request for a debriefing if it is not in
the best interests of the Federal Government to conduct a debriefing at
that time.
(c) Precondition for Post-Award Debriefing.--The contracting officer
is required to debrief an excluded offeror in accordance with section
3704 of this title only if that offeror requested and was refused a pre-
award debriefing under subsections (a) and (b).
(d) Information To Be Provided.--The debriefing conducted under this
section shall include--
(1) the executive agency's evaluation of the significant
elements in the offeror's offer;
(2) a summary of the rationale for the offeror's exclusion;
and

[[Page 3773]]

(3) reasonable responses to relevant questions posed by the
debriefed offeror as to whether source selection procedures set
forth in the solicitation, applicable regulations, and other
applicable authorities were followed by the executive agency.

(e) Information Not To Be Disclosed.--The debriefing conducted
pursuant to this section may not disclose the number or identity of
other offerors and shall not disclose information about the content,
ranking, or evaluation of other offerors' proposals.
(f) Summary To Be Included in File.--The contracting officer shall
include a summary of the debriefing in the contract file.

Sec. 3706. Encouragement of alternative dispute resolution

The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall include a provision
encouraging the use of alternative dispute resolution techniques to
provide informal, expeditious, and inexpensive procedures for an offeror
to consider using before filing a protest, prior to the award of a
contract, of the exclusion of the offeror from the competitive range (or
otherwise from further consideration) for that contract.

Sec. 3707. Antitrust violations

If the agency head considers that a bid or proposal evidences a
violation of the antitrust laws, the agency head shall refer the bid or
proposal to the Attorney General for appropriate action.

Sec. 3708. Protests

(a) Protest File.--
(1) Establishment and access.--If, in the case of a
solicitation for a contract issued by, or an award or proposed
award of a contract by, the head of an executive agency, a
protest is filed pursuant to the procedures in subchapter V of
chapter 35 of title 31, and an actual or prospective offeror
requests, a file of the protest shall be established by the
procuring activity and reasonable access shall be provided to
actual or prospective offerors.
(2) Redacted information.--Information exempt from disclosure
under section 552 of title 5 may be redacted in a file
established pursuant to paragraph (1) unless an applicable
protective order provides otherwise.

(b) Agency Actions on Protests.--If, in connection with a protest, the
head of an executive agency determines that a solicitation, proposed
award, or award does not comply with the requirements of law or
regulation, the head of the executive agency may--
(1) take any action set out in subparagraphs (A) to (F) of
subsection (b)(1) of section 3554 of title 31; and
(2) pay costs described in paragraph (1) of section 3554(c) of
title 31 within the limits referred to in paragraph (2) of
section 3554(c).

CHAPTER 39--SPECIFIC TYPES OF CONTRACTS

Sec.
3901.  Contracts awarded using procedures other than sealed-bid
procedures.
3902.  Severable services contracts for periods crossing fiscal years.
3903.  Multiyear contracts.
3904.  Contract authority for severable services contracts and multiyear
contracts.
3905.  Cost contracts.
3906.  Cost-reimbursement contracts.

[[Page 3774]]

Sec. 3901. Contracts awarded using procedures other than sealed-bid
procedures

(a) Authorized Types.--Except as provided in section 3905 of this
title, contracts awarded after using procedures other than sealed-bid
procedures may be of any type which in the opinion of the agency head
will promote the best interests of the Federal Government.
(b) Required Warranty.--
(1) Content.--Every contract awarded after using procedures
other than sealed-bid procedures shall contain a suitable
warranty, as determined by the agency head, by the contractor
that no person or selling agency has been employed or retained
to solicit or secure the contract on an agreement or
understanding for a commission, percentage, brokerage, or
contingent fee, except for bona fide employees or bona fide
established commercial or selling agencies the contractor
maintains to secure business.
(2) Remedy for breach or violation.--For the breach or
violation of the warranty, the Federal Government may annul the
contract without liability or deduct from the contract price or
consideration the full amount of the commission, percentage,
brokerage, or contingent fee.
(3) Nonapplication.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to a
contract for an amount that is not greater than the simplified
acquisition threshold or to a contract for the acquisition of
commercial items.

Sec. 3902. Severable services contracts for periods crossing fiscal
years

(a) Authority To Enter Into Contract.--The head of an executive agency
may enter into a contract for the procurement of severable services for
a period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal year
if (without regard to any option to extend the period of the contract)
the contract period does not exceed one year.
(b) Obligation of Funds.--Funds made available for a fiscal year may
be obligated for the total amount of a contract entered into under the
authority of this section.

Sec. 3903. Multiyear contracts

(a) Definition.--In this section, a multiyear contract is a contract
for the purchase of property or services for more than one, but not more
than 5, program years.
(b) Authority To Enter Into Contract.--An executive agency may enter
into a multiyear contract for the acquisition of property or services
if--
(1) funds are available and obligated for the contract, for
the full period of the contract or for the first fiscal year in
which the contract is in effect, and for the estimated costs
associated with a necessary termination of the contract; and
(2) the executive agency determines that--
(A) the need for the property or services is
reasonably firm and continuing over the period of the
contract; and
(B) a multiyear contract will serve the best interests
of the Federal Government by encouraging full and open
competition or promoting economy in administration,
performance, and operation of the agency's programs.

[[Page 3775]]

(c) Termination Clause.--A multiyear contract entered into under the
authority of this section shall include a clause that provides that the
contract shall be terminated if funds are not made available for the
continuation of the contract in a fiscal year covered by the contract.
Funds available for paying termination costs shall remain available for
that purpose until the costs associated with termination of the contract
are paid.
(d) Cancellation Ceiling Notice.--Before a contract described in
subsection (b) that contains a clause setting forth a cancellation
ceiling in excess of $10,000,000 may be awarded, the executive agency
shall give written notification of the proposed contract and of the
proposed cancellation ceiling for that contract to Congress. The
contract may not be awarded until the end of the 30-day period beginning
on the date of the notification.
(e) Contingency Clause for Appropriation of Funds.--A multiyear
contract may provide that performance under the contract after the first
year of the contract is contingent on the appropriation of funds and (if
the contract does so provide) that a cancellation payment shall be made
to the contractor if the funds are not appropriated.
(f) Other Law Not Affected.--This section does not modify or affect
any other provision of law that authorizes multiyear contracts.

Sec. 3904. Contract authority for severable services contracts and
multiyear contracts

(a) Comptroller General.--The Comptroller General may use available
funds to enter into contracts for the procurement of severable services
for a period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal
year and to enter into multiyear contracts for the acquisition of
property and nonaudit-related services to the same extent as executive
agencies under sections 3902 and 3903 of this title.
(b) Library of Congress.--The Library of Congress may use available
funds to enter into contracts for the lease or procurement of severable
services for a period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the
next fiscal year and to enter into multiyear contracts for the
acquisition of property and services pursuant to sections 3902 and 3903
of this title.
(c) Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives.--The
Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives may enter
into--
(1) contracts for the procurement of severable services for a
period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next
fiscal year to the same extent as the head of an executive
agency under the authority of section 3902 of this title; and
(2) multiyear contracts for the acquisitions of property and
nonaudit-related services to the same extent as executive
agencies under the authority of section 3903 of this title.

(d) Congressional Budget Office.--The Congressional Budget Office may
use available funds to enter into contracts for the procurement of
severable services for a period that begins in one fiscal year and ends
in the next fiscal year and may enter into multiyear contracts for the
acquisition of property and services to the same extent as executive
agencies under the authority of sections 3902 and 3903 of this title.
(e) Secretary and Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate.--
Subject to regulations prescribed by the Committee

[[Page 3776]]

on Rules and Administration of the Senate, the Secretary and the
Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate may enter into--
(1) contracts for the procurement of severable services for a
period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next
fiscal year to the same extent and under the same conditions as
the head of an executive agency under the authority of section
3902 of this title; and
(2) multiyear contracts for the acquisition of property and
services to the same extent and under the same conditions as
executive agencies under the authority of section 3903 of this
title.

(f) Capitol Police.--The United States Capitol Police may enter into--
(1) contracts for the procurement of severable services for a
period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next
fiscal year to the same extent as the head of an executive
agency under the authority of section 3902 of this title; and
(2) multiyear contracts for the acquisitions of property and
nonaudit-related services to the same extent as executive
agencies under the authority of section 3903 of this title.

(g) Architect of the Capitol.--The Architect of the Capitol may enter
into--
(1) contracts for the procurement of severable services for a
period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next
fiscal year to the same extent as the head of an executive
agency under the authority of section 3902 of this title; and
(2) multiyear contracts for the acquisitions of property and
nonaudit-related services to the same extent as executive
agencies under the authority of section 3903 of this title.

(h) Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.--The Secretary of the
Smithsonian Institution may enter into--
(1) contracts for the procurement of severable services for a
period that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next
fiscal year under the authority of section 3902 of this title;
and
(2) multiyear contracts for the acquisition of property and
services under the authority of section 3903 of this title.

Sec. 3905. Cost contracts

(a) Cost-Plus-A-Percentage-Of-Cost Contracts Disallowed.--The cost-
plus-a-percentage-of-cost system of contracting shall not be used.
(b) Cost-Plus-A-Fixed-Fee Contracts.--
(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3),
the fee in a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee contract shall not exceed 10
percent of the estimated cost of the contract, not including the
fee, as determined by the agency head at the time of entering
into the contract.
(2) Experimental, developmental, or research work.--The fee in
a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee contract for experimental,
developmental, or research work shall not exceed 15 percent of
the estimated cost of the contract, not including the fee.
(3) Architectural or engineering services.--The fee in a cost-
plus-a-fixed-fee contract for architectural or engineering
services relating to any public works or utility project may
include the contractor's costs and shall not exceed 6 percent of
the estimated cost, not including the fee, as determined

[[Page 3777]]

by the agency head at the time of entering into the contract, of
the project to which the fee applies.

(c) Notification.--All cost and cost-plus-a-fixed-fee contracts shall
provide for advance notification by the contractor to the procuring
agency of any subcontract on a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee basis and of any
fixed-price subcontract or purchase order which exceeds in dollar amount
either the simplified acquisition threshold or 5 percent of the total
estimated cost of the prime contract.
(d) Right To Audit.--A procuring agency, through any authorized
representative thereof, has the right to inspect the plans and to audit
the books and records of a prime contractor or subcontractor engaged in
the performance of a cost or cost-plus-a-fixed-fee contract.

Sec. 3906. Cost-reimbursement contracts

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``executive agency'' has
the same meaning given in section 133 of this title.
(b) Regulations on the Use of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts.--The
Federal Acquisition Regulation shall address the use of cost-
reimbursement contracts.
(c) Content.--The regulations promulgated under subsection (b) shall
include guidance regarding--
(1) when and under what circumstances cost-reimbursement
contracts are appropriate;
(2) the acquisition plan findings necessary to support a
decision to use cost-reimbursement contracts; and
(3) the acquisition workforce resources necessary to award and
manage cost-reimbursement contracts.

(d) Annual Report.--
(1) In general.--The Director of the Office of Management and
Budget shall submit an annual report to Congressional committees
identified in subsection (e) on the use of cost-reimbursement
contracts and task or delivery orders by all executive agencies.
(2) Contents.--The report shall include--
(A) the total number and value of contracts awarded
and orders issued during the covered fiscal year;
(B) the total number and value of cost-reimbursement
contracts awarded and orders issued during the covered
fiscal year; and
(C) an assessment of the effectiveness of the
regulations promulgated pursuant to subsection (b) in
ensuring the appropriate use of cost-reimbursement
contracts.
(3) Time requirements.--
(A) Deadline.--The report shall be submitted no later
than March 1 and shall cover the fiscal year ending
September 30 of the prior year.
(B) Limitation.--The report shall be submitted from
March 1, 2009, until March 1, 2014.

(e) Congressional Committees.--The report required by subsection (d)
shall be submitted to--
(1) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the
House of Representatives;
(2) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental
Affairs of the Senate;
(3) the Committees on Appropriations of the House of
Representatives and the Senate; and

[[Page 3778]]

(4) in the case of the Department of Defense and the
Department of Energy, the Committees on Armed Services of the
Senate and the House of Representatives.

CHAPTER 41--TASK AND DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS

Sec.
4101.  Definitions.
4102.  Authorities or responsibilities not affected.
4103.  General authority.
4104.  Guidance on use of task and delivery order contracts.
4105.  Advisory and assistance services.
4106.  Orders.

Sec. 4101. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Delivery order contract.--The term ``delivery order
contract'' means a contract for property that--
(A) does not procure or specify a firm quantity of
property (other than a minimum or maximum quantity); and
(B) provides for the issuance of orders for the
delivery of property during the period of the contract.
(2) Task order contract.--The term ``task order contract''
means a contract for services that--
(A) does not procure or specify a firm quantity of
services (other than a minimum or maximum quantity); and
(B) provides for the issuance of orders for the
performance of tasks during the period of the contract.

Sec. 4102. Authorities or responsibilities not affected

This chapter does not modify or supersede, and is not intended to
impair or restrict, authorities or responsibilities under sections 1101
to 1104 of title 40.

Sec. 4103. General authority

(a) Authority To Award.--Subject to the requirements of this section,
section 4106 of this title, and other applicable law, the head of an
executive agency may enter into a task or delivery order contract for
procurement of services or property.
(b) Solicitation.--The solicitation for a task or delivery order
contract shall include--
(1) the period of the contract, including the number of
options to extend the contract and the period for which the
contract may be extended under each option;
(2) the maximum quantity or dollar value of the services or
property to be procured under the contract; and
(3) a statement of work, specifications, or other description
that reasonably describes the general scope, nature, complexity,
and purposes of the services or property to be procured under
the contract.

(c) Applicability of Restriction on Use of Noncompetitive
Procedures.--The head of an executive agency may use procedures other
than competitive procedures to enter into a task or delivery order
contract under this section only if an exception in section 3304(a) of
this title applies to the contract and the use of those procedures is
approved in accordance with section 3304(e) of this title.
(d) Single and Multiple Contract Awards.--
(1) Exercise of authority.--The head of an executive agency
may exercise the authority provided in this section--

[[Page 3779]]

(A) to award a single task or delivery order contract;
or
(B) if the solicitation states that the head of the
executive agency has the option to do so, to award
separate task or delivery order contracts for the same
or similar services or property to 2 or more sources.
(2) Determination not required.--No determination under
section 3303 of this title is required for an award of multiple
task or delivery order contracts under paragraph (1)(B).
(3) Single source award for task or delivery order contracts
exceeding  $100,000,000.--
(A) When single awards are allowed.--No task or
delivery order contract in an amount estimated to exceed
$100,000,000 (including all options) may be awarded to a
single source unless the head of the executive agency
determines in writing that--
(i) the task or delivery orders expected under
the contract are so integrally related that only a
single source can reasonably perform the work;
(ii) the contract provides only for firm, fixed
price task orders or delivery orders for--
(I) products for which unit prices are
established in the contract; or
(II) services for which prices are
established in the contract for the
specific tasks to be performed;
(iii) only one source is qualified and capable
of performing the work at a reasonable price to
the Federal Government; or
(iv) because of exceptional circumstances, it is
necessary in the public interest to award the
contract to a single source.
(B) Notification of Congress.--The head of the
executive agency shall notify Congress within 30 days
after any determination under subparagraph (A)(iv).
(4) Regulations.--Regulations implementing this subsection
shall establish--
(A) a preference for awarding, to the maximum extent
practicable, multiple task or delivery order contracts
for the same or similar services or property under
paragraph (1)(B); and
(B) criteria for determining when award of multiple
task or delivery order contracts would not be in the
best interest of the Federal Government.

(e) Contract Modifications.--A task or delivery order may not increase
the scope, period, or maximum value of the task or delivery order
contract under which the order is issued. The scope, period, or maximum
value of the contract may be increased only by modification of the
contract.
(f) Inapplicability to Contracts for Advisory and Assistance
Services.--Except as otherwise specifically provided in section 4105 of
this title, this section does not apply to a task or delivery order
contract for the acquisition of advisory and assistance services (as
defined in section 1105(g) of title 31).
(g) Relationship to Other Contracting Authority.--Nothing in this
section may be construed to limit or expand any authority of the head of
an executive agency or the Administrator of General Services to enter
into schedule, multiple award, or task or delivery order contracts under
any other provision of law.

[[Page 3780]]

Sec. 4104. Guidance on use of task and delivery order contracts

(a) Guidance in Federal Acquisition Regulation.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation issued in accordance with sections 1121(b) and
1303(a)(1) of this title shall provide guidance to agencies on the
appropriate use of task and delivery order contracts in accordance with
this chapter and sections 2304a to 2304d of title 10.
(b) Content of Regulations.--The regulations issued pursuant to
subsection (a) at a minimum shall provide specific guidance on--
(1) the appropriate use of Government-wide and other
multiagency contracts entered into in accordance with this
chapter and sections 2304a to 2304d of title 10; and
(2) steps that agencies should take in entering into and
administering multiple award task and delivery order contracts
to ensure compliance with the requirement in--
(A) section 11312 of title 40 for capital planning and
investment control in purchases of information
technology products and services;
(B) section 4106(c) of this title and section 2304c(b)
of title 10 to ensure that all contractors are afforded
a fair opportunity to be considered for the award of
task and delivery orders; and
(C) section 4106(e) of this title and section 2304c(c)
of title 10 for a statement of work in each task or
delivery order issued that clearly specifies all tasks
to be performed or property to be delivered under the
order.

(c) Federal Supply Schedules Program.--The Administrator for Federal
Procurement Policy shall consult with the Administrator of General
Services to assess the effectiveness of the multiple awards schedule
program of the General Services Administration referred to in section
152(3) of this title that is administered as the Federal Supply
Schedules program. The assessment shall include examination of--
(1) the administration of the program by the Administrator of
General Services; and
(2) the ordering and program practices followed by Federal
customer agencies in using schedules established under the
program.

Sec. 4105. Advisory and assistance services

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``advisory and assistance
services'' has the same meaning given that term in section 1105(g) of
title 31.
(b) Authority To Award.--
(1) In general.--Subject to the requirements of this section,
section 4106 of this title, and other applicable law, the head
of an executive agency may enter into a task order contract for
procurement of advisory and assistance services.
(2) Only under this section.--The head of an executive agency
may enter into a task order contract for advisory and assistance
services only under this section.

(c) Contract Period.--The period of a task order contract entered
into under this section, including all periods of extensions of the
contract under options, modifications, or otherwise, may not exceed 5
years unless a longer period is specifically authorized in a law that is
applicable to the contract.

[[Page 3781]]

(d) Content of Notice.--The notice required by section 1708 of this
title and section 8(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(e))
shall reasonably and fairly describe the general scope, magnitude, and
duration of the proposed task order contract in a manner that would
reasonably enable a potential offeror to decide whether to request the
solicitation and consider submitting an offer.
(e) Required Content of Solicitation and Contract.--
(1) Solicitation.--The solicitation shall include the
information (regarding services) described in section 4103(b) of
this title.
(2) Contract.--A task order contract entered into under this
section shall contain the same information that is required by
paragraph (1) to be included in the solicitation of offers for
that contract.

(f) Multiple Awards.--
(1) Authority to make multiple awards.--On the basis of one
solicitation, the head of an executive agency may award separate
task order contracts under this section for the same or similar
services to 2 or more sources if the solicitation states that
the head of the executive agency has the option to do so.
(2) Content of solicitation.--In the case of a task order
contract for advisory and assistance services to be entered into
under this section, if the contract period is to exceed 3 years
and the contract amount is estimated to exceed $10,000,000
(including all options), the solicitation shall--
(A) provide for a multiple award authorized under
paragraph (1); and
(B) include a statement that the head of the executive
agency may also elect to award only one task order
contract if the head of the executive agency determines
in writing that only one of the offerors is capable of
providing the services required at the level of quality
required.
(3) Nonapplication.--Paragraph (2) does not apply in the case
of a solicitation for which the head of the executive agency
concerned determines in writing that, because the services
required under the contract are unique or highly specialized, it
is not practicable to award more than one contract.

(g) Contract Modifications.--
(1) Increase in scope, period, or maximum value of contract
only by modification of contract.--A task order may not increase
the scope, period, or maximum value of the task order contract
under which the order is issued. The scope, period, or maximum
value of the contract may be increased only by modification of
the contract.
(2) Use of competitive procedures.--Unless use of procedures
other than competitive procedures is authorized by an exception
in section 3304(a) of this title and approved in accordance with
section 3304(e) of this title, competitive procedures shall be
used for making such a modification.
(3) Notice.--Notice regarding the modification shall be
provided in accordance with section 1708 of this title and
section 8(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(e)).

(h) Contract Extensions.--
(1) When contract may be extended.--Notwithstanding the
limitation on the contract period set forth in subsection (c) or
in a solicitation or contract pursuant to subsection (f),

[[Page 3782]]

a contract entered into by the head of an executive agency under
this section may be extended on a sole-source basis for a period
not exceeding 6 months if the head of the executive agency
determines that--
(A) the award of a follow-on contract has been delayed
by circumstances that were not reasonably foreseeable at
the time the initial contract was entered into; and
(B) the extension is necessary to ensure continuity of
the receipt of services pending the award of, and
commencement of performance under, the follow-on
contract.
(2) Limit of one extension.--A task order contract may be
extended under paragraph (1) only once and only in accordance
with the limitations and requirements of this subsection.

(i) Inapplicability to Certain Contracts.--This section does not apply
to a contract for the acquisition of property or services that includes
acquisition of advisory and assistance services if the head of the
executive agency entering into the contract determines that, under the
contract, advisory and assistance services are necessarily incident to,
and not a significant component of, the contract.

Sec. 4106. Orders

(a) Application.--This section applies to task and delivery order
contracts entered into under sections 4103 and 4105 of this title.
(b) Actions Not Required for Issuance of Orders.--The following
actions are not required for issuance of a task or delivery order under
a task or delivery order contract:
(1) A separate notice for the order under section 1708 of this
title or section 8(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C.
637(e)).
(2) Except as provided in subsection (c), a competition (or a
waiver of competition approved in accordance with section
3304(e) of this title) that is separate from that used for
entering into the contract.

(c) Multiple Award Contracts.--When multiple contracts are awarded
under section 4103(d)(1)(B) or 4105(f) of this title, all contractors
awarded the contracts shall be provided a fair opportunity to be
considered, pursuant to procedures set forth in the contracts, for each
task or delivery order in excess of $2,500 that is to be issued under
any of the contracts, unless--
(1) the executive agency's need for the services or property
ordered is of such unusual urgency that providing the
opportunity to all of those contractors would result in
unacceptable delays in fulfilling that need;
(2) only one of those contractors is capable of providing the
services or property required at the level of quality required
because the services or property ordered are unique or highly
specialized;
(3) the task or delivery order should be issued on a sole-
source basis in the interest of economy and efficiency because
it is a logical follow-on to a task or delivery order already
issued on a competitive basis; or
(4) it is necessary to place the order with a particular
contractor to satisfy a minimum guarantee.

(d) Enhanced Competition for Orders in Excess of $5,000,000.--In the
case of a task or delivery order in excess of $5,000,000, the
requirement to provide all contractors a fair opportunity to be
considered under subsection (c) is not met unless all such contractors
are provided, at a minimum--

[[Page 3783]]

(1) a notice of the task or delivery order that includes a
clear statement of the executive agency's requirements;
(2) a reasonable period of time to provide a proposal in
response to the notice;
(3) disclosure of the significant factors and subfactors,
including cost or price, that the executive agency expects to
consider in evaluating such proposals, and their relative
importance;
(4) in the case of an award that is to be made on a best value
basis, a written statement documenting--
(A) the basis for the award; and
(B) the relative importance of quality and price or
cost factors; and
(5) an opportunity for a post-award debriefing consistent with
the requirements of section 3704 of this title.

(e) Statement of Work.--A task or delivery order shall include a
statement of work that clearly specifies all tasks to be performed or
property to be delivered under the order.
(f) Protests.--
(1) Protest not authorized.--A protest is not authorized in
connection with the issuance or proposed issuance of a task or
delivery order except for--
(A) a protest on the ground that the order increases
the scope, period, or maximum value of the contract
under which the order is issued; or
(B) a protest of an order valued in excess of
$10,000,000.
(2) Jurisdiction over protests.--Notwithstanding section 3556
of title 31, the Comptroller General shall have exclusive
jurisdiction of a protest authorized under paragraph (1)(B).
(3) Effective period.--This subsection shall be in effect for
three years, beginning on the date that is 120 days after
January 28, 2008.

(g) Task and Delivery Order Ombudsman.--
(1) Appointment or designation and responsibilities.--The head
of each executive agency who awards multiple task or delivery
order contracts under section 4103(d)(1)(B) or 4105(f) of this
title shall appoint or designate a task and delivery order
ombudsman who shall be responsible for reviewing complaints from
the contractors on those contracts and ensuring that all of the
contractors are afforded a fair opportunity to be considered for
task or delivery orders when required under subsection (c).
(2) Who is eligible.--The task and delivery order ombudsman
shall be a senior agency official who is independent of the
contracting officer for the contracts and may be the executive
agency's advocate for competition.

CHAPTER 43--ALLOWABLE COSTS

Sec.
4301.  Definitions.
4302.  Adjustment of threshold amount of covered contract.
4303.  Effect of submission of unallowable costs.
4304.  Specific costs not allowable.
4305.  Required regulations.
4306.  Applicability of regulations to subcontractors.
4307.  Contractor certification.
4308.  Penalties for submission of cost known to be unallowable.
4309.  Burden of proof on contractor.
4310.  Proceeding costs not allowable.

[[Page 3784]]

Sec. 4301. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Compensation.--The term ``compensation'', for a fiscal
year, means the total amount of wages, salary, bonuses, and
deferred compensation for the fiscal year, whether paid, earned,
or otherwise accruing, as recorded in an employer's cost
accounting records for the fiscal year.
(2) Covered contract.--The term ``covered contract'' means a
contract for an amount in excess of $500,000 that is entered
into by an executive agency, except that the term does not
include a fixed-price contract without cost incentives or any
firm fixed-price contract for the purchase of commercial items.
(3) Fiscal year.--The term ``fiscal year'' means a fiscal year
established by a contractor for accounting purposes.
(4) Senior executive.--The term ``senior executive'', with
respect to a contractor, means the 5 most highly compensated
employees in management positions at each home office and each
segment of the contractor.

Sec. 4302. Adjustment of threshold amount of covered contract

Effective on October 1 of each year that is divisible by 5, the amount
set forth in section 4301(2) of this title shall be adjusted to the
equivalent amount in constant fiscal year 1994 dollars. An adjusted
amount that is not evenly divisible by $50,000 shall be rounded to the
nearest multiple of $50,000. If an amount is evenly divisible by $25,000
but is not evenly divisible by $50,000, the amount shall be rounded to
the next higher multiple of $50,000.

Sec. 4303. Effect of submission of unallowable costs

(a) Indirect Cost That Violates Federal Acquisition Regulation Cost
Principle.--An executive agency shall require that a covered contract
provide that if the contractor submits to the executive agency a
proposal for settlement of indirect costs incurred by the contractor for
any period after those costs have been accrued and if that proposal
includes the submission of a cost that is unallowable because the cost
violates a cost principle in the Federal Acquisition Regulation or an
executive agency supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation, the
cost shall be disallowed.
(b) Penalty for Violation of Cost Principle.--
(1) Unallowable cost in proposal.--If the executive agency
determines that a cost submitted by a contractor in its proposal
for settlement is expressly unallowable under a cost principle
referred to in subsection (a) that defines the allowability of
specific selected costs, the executive agency shall assess a
penalty against the contractor in an amount equal to--
(A) the amount of the disallowed cost allocated to
covered contracts for which a proposal for settlement of
indirect costs has been submitted; plus
(B) interest (to be computed based on provisions in
the Federal Acquisition Regulation) to compensate the
Federal Government for the use of the amount which a
contractor has been paid in excess of the amount to
which the contractor was entitled.
(2) Cost determined to be unallowable before proposal
submitted.--If the executive agency determines that a proposal
for settlement of indirect costs submitted by a contractor
includes a cost determined to be unallowable in the case of

[[Page 3785]]

that contractor before the submission of that proposal, the
executive agency shall assess a penalty against the contractor
in an amount equal to 2 times the amount of the disallowed cost
allocated to covered contracts for which a proposal for
settlement of indirect costs has been submitted.

(c) Waiver of Penalty.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall
provide for a penalty under subsection (b) to be waived in the case of a
contractor's proposal for settlement of indirect costs when--
(1) the contractor withdraws the proposal before the formal
initiation of an audit of the proposal by the Federal Government
and resubmits a revised proposal;
(2) the amount of unallowable costs subject to the penalty is
insignificant; or
(3) the contractor demonstrates, to the contracting officer's
satisfaction, that--
(A) it has established appropriate policies and
personnel training and an internal control and review
system that provide assurances that unallowable costs
subject to penalties are precluded from being included
in the contractor's proposal for settlement of indirect
costs; and
(B) the unallowable costs subject to the penalty were
inadvertently incorporated into the proposal.

(d) Applicability of Contract Disputes Procedure.--An action of an
executive agency under subsection (a) or (b)--
(1) shall be considered a final decision for the purposes of
section 7103 of this title; and
(2) is appealable in the manner provided in section 7104(a) of
this title.

Sec. 4304. Specific costs not allowable

(a) Specific Costs.--The following costs are not allowable under a
covered contract:
(1) Costs of entertainment, including amusement, diversion,
and social activities, and any costs directly associated with
those costs (such as tickets to shows or sports events, meals,
lodging, rentals, transportation, and gratuities).
(2) Costs incurred to influence (directly or indirectly)
legislative action on any matter pending before Congress, a
State legislature, or a legislative body of a political
subdivision of a State.
(3) Costs incurred in defense of any civil or criminal fraud
proceeding or similar proceeding (including filing of any false
certification) brought by the Federal Government where the
contractor is found liable or had pleaded nolo contendere to a
charge of fraud or similar proceeding (including filing of a
false certification).
(4) Payments of fines and penalties resulting from violations
of, or failure to comply with, Federal, State, local, or foreign
laws and regulations, except when incurred as a result of
compliance with specific terms and conditions of the contract or
specific written instructions from the contracting officer
authorizing in advance those payments in accordance with
applicable provisions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
(5) Costs of membership in any social, dining, or country club
or organization.
(6) Costs of alcoholic beverages.
(7) Contributions or donations, regardless of the recipient.

[[Page 3786]]

(8) Costs of advertising designed to promote the contractor or
its products.
(9) Costs of promotional items and memorabilia, including
models, gifts, and souvenirs.
(10) Costs for travel by commercial aircraft that exceed the
amount of the standard commercial fare.
(11) Costs incurred in making any payment (commonly known as a
``golden parachute payment'') that is--
(A) in an amount in excess of the normal severance pay
paid by the contractor to an employee on termination of
employment; and
(B) paid to the employee contingent on, and following,
a change in management control over, or ownership of,
the contractor or a substantial portion of the
contractor's assets.
(12) Costs of commercial insurance that protects against the
costs of the contractor for correction of the contractor's own
defects in materials or workmanship.
(13) Costs of severance pay paid by the contractor to foreign
nationals employed by the contractor under a service contract
performed outside the United States, to the extent that the
amount of severance pay paid in any case exceeds the amount paid
in the industry involved under the customary or prevailing
practice for firms in that industry providing similar services
in the United States, as determined under the Federal
Acquisition Regulation.
(14) Costs of severance pay paid by the contractor to a
foreign national employed by the contractor under a service
contract performed in a foreign country if the termination of
the employment of the foreign national is the result of the
closing of, or the curtailment of activities at, a Federal
Government facility in that country at the request of the
government of that country.
(15) Costs incurred by a contractor in connection with any
criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding commenced by the
Federal Government or a State, to the extent provided in section
4310 of this title.
(16) Costs of compensation of senior executives of contractors
for a fiscal year, regardless of the contract funding source, to
the extent that the compensation exceeds the benchmark
compensation amount determined applicable for the fiscal year by
the Administrator under section 1127 of this title.

(b) Waiver of Severance Pay Restrictions for Foreign Nationals.--
(1) Executive agency determination.--Pursuant to the Federal
Acquisition Regulation and subject to the availability of
appropriations, an executive agency, in awarding a covered
contract, may waive the application of paragraphs (13) and (14)
of subsection (a) to that contract if the executive agency
determines that--
(A) the application of those provisions to that
contract would adversely affect the continuation of a
program, project, or activity that provides significant
support services for employees of the executive agency
posted outside the United States;
(B) the contractor has taken (or has established plans
to take) appropriate actions within the contractor's
control to minimize the amount and number of incidents
of the

[[Page 3787]]

payment of severance pay by the contractor to employees
under the contract who are foreign nationals; and
(C) the payment of severance pay is necessary to
comply with a law that is generally applicable to a
significant number of businesses in the country in which
the foreign national receiving the payment performed
services under the contract or is necessary to comply
with a collective bargaining agreement.
(2) Solicitation to include statement about waiver.--An
executive agency shall include in the solicitation for a covered
contract a statement indicating--
(A) that a waiver has been granted under paragraph (1)
for the contract; or
(B) whether the executive agency will consider
granting a waiver and, if the executive agency will
consider granting a waiver, the criteria to be used in
granting the waiver.
(3) Determination to be made before contract awarded.--An
executive agency shall make the final determination whether to
grant a waiver under paragraph (1) with respect to a covered
contract before award of the contract.

(c) Establishment of Definitions, Exclusions, Limitations, and
Qualifications.--The provisions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation
implementing this chapter may establish appropriate definitions,
exclusions, limitations, and qualifications. A submission by a
contractor of costs that are incurred by the contractor and that are
claimed to be allowable under Department of Energy management and
operating contracts shall be considered a proposal for settlement of
indirect costs incurred by the contractor for any period after those
costs have been accrued.

Sec. 4305. Required regulations

(a) In General.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall contain
provisions on the allowability of contractor costs. Those provisions
shall define in detail and in specific terms the costs that are
unallowable, in whole or in part, under covered contracts.
(b) Specific Items.--The regulations shall, at a minimum, clarify the
cost principles applicable to contractor costs of the following:
(1) Air shows.
(2) Membership in civic, community, and professional
organizations.
(3) Recruitment.
(4) Employee morale and welfare.
(5) Actions to influence (directly or indirectly) executive
branch action on regulatory and contract matters (other than
costs incurred in regard to contract proposals pursuant to
solicited or unsolicited bids).
(6) Community relations.
(7) Dining facilities.
(8) Professional and consulting services, including legal
services.
(9) Compensation.
(10) Selling and marketing.
(11) Travel.
(12) Public relations.
(13) Hotel and meal expenses.
(14) Expense of corporate aircraft.
(15) Company-furnished automobiles.
(16) Advertising.

[[Page 3788]]

(17) Conventions.

(c) Additional Requirements.--
(1) When questioned costs may be resolved.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall require that a contracting officer
not resolve any questioned costs until the contracting officer
has obtained--
(A) adequate documentation of those costs; and
(B) the opinion of the contract auditor on the
allowability of those costs.
(2) Presence of contract auditor.--The Federal Acquisition
Regulation shall provide that, to the maximum extent
practicable, a contract auditor be present at any negotiation or
meeting with the contractor regarding a determination of the
allowability of indirect costs of the contractor.
(3) Settlement to reflect amount of individual questioned
costs.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall require that
all categories of costs designated in the report of a contract
auditor as questioned with respect to a proposal for settlement
be resolved in a manner so that the amount of the individual
questioned costs that are paid will be reflected in the
settlement.

Sec. 4306. Applicability of regulations to subcontractors

The regulations referred to in sections 4304 and 4305(a) and (b) of
this title shall require prime contractors of a covered contract, to the
maximum extent practicable, to apply the provisions of those regulations
to all subcontractors of the covered contract.

Sec. 4307. Contractor certification

(a) Content and Form.--A proposal for settlement of indirect costs
applicable to a covered contract shall include a certification by an
official of the contractor that, to the best of the certifying
official's knowledge and belief, all indirect costs included in the
proposal are allowable. The certification shall be in a form prescribed
in the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
(b) Waiver.--An executive agency may, in an exceptional case, waive
the requirement for certification under subsection (a) in the case of a
contract if the agency--
(1) determines that it would be in the interest of the Federal
Government to waive the certification; and
(2) states in writing the reasons for the determination and
makes the determination available to the public.

Sec. 4308. Penalties for submission of cost known to be unallowable

The submission to an executive agency of a proposal for settlement of
costs for any period after those costs have been accrued that includes a
cost that is expressly specified by statute or regulation as being
unallowable, with the knowledge that the cost is unallowable, is subject
to section 287 of title 18 and section 3729 of title 31.

Sec. 4309. Burden of proof on contractor

In a proceeding before a board of contract appeals, the United States
Court of Federal Claims, or any other Federal court in which the
reasonableness of indirect costs for which a contractor seeks
reimbursement from the Federal Government is in issue,

[[Page 3789]]

the burden of proof is on the contractor to establish that those costs
are reasonable.

Sec. 4310. Proceeding costs not allowable

(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Costs.--The term ``costs'', with respect to a proceeding,
means all costs incurred by a contractor, whether before or
after the commencement of the proceeding, including--
(A) administrative and clerical expenses;
(B) the cost of legal services, including legal
services performed by an employee of the contractor;
(C) the cost of the services of accountants and
consultants retained by the contractor; and
(D) the pay of directors, officers, and employees of
the contractor for time devoted by those directors,
officers, and employees to the proceeding.
(2) Penalty.--The term ``penalty'' does not include
restitution, reimbursement, or compensatory damages.
(3) Proceeding.--The term ``proceeding'' includes an
investigation.

(b) In General.--Except as otherwise provided in this section, costs
incurred by a contractor in connection with a criminal, civil, or
administrative proceeding commenced by the Federal Government or a State
are not allowable as reimbursable costs under a covered contract if the
proceeding--
(1) relates to a violation of, or failure to comply with, a
Federal or State statute or regulation; and
(2) results in a disposition described in subsection (c).

(c) Covered Dispositions.--A disposition referred to in subsection
(b)(2) is any of the following:
(1) In a criminal proceeding, a conviction (including a
conviction pursuant to a plea of nolo contendere) by reason of
the violation or failure referred to in subsection (b).
(2) In a civil or administrative proceeding involving an
allegation of fraud or similar misconduct, a determination of
contractor liability on the basis of the violation or failure
referred to in subsection (b).
(3) In any civil or administrative proceeding, the imposition
of a monetary penalty by reason of the violation or failure
referred to in subsection (b).
(4) A final decision to do any of the following, by reason of
the violation or failure referred to in subsection (b):
(A) Debar or suspend the contractor.
(B) Rescind or void the contract.
(C) Terminate the contract for default.
(5) A disposition of the proceeding by consent or compromise
if the disposition could have resulted in a disposition
described in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4).

(d) Costs Allowed by Settlement Agreement in Proceeding Commenced by
Federal Government.--In the case of a proceeding referred to in
subsection (b) that is commenced by the Federal Government and is
resolved by consent or compromise pursuant to an agreement entered into
by a contractor and the Federal Government, the costs incurred by the
contractor in connection with the proceeding that are otherwise not
allowable as reimbursable costs under subsection (b) may be allowed to
the extent specifically provided in that agreement.

[[Page 3790]]

(e) Costs Specifically Authorized by Executive Agency in Proceeding
Commenced by State.--In the case of a proceeding referred to in
subsection (b) that is commenced by a State, the executive agency that
awarded the covered contract involved in the proceeding may allow the
costs incurred by the contractor in connection with the proceeding as
reimbursable costs if the executive agency determines, in accordance
with the Federal Acquisition Regulation, that the costs were incurred as
a result of--
(1) a specific term or condition of the contract; or
(2) specific written instructions of the executive agency.

(f) Other Allowable Costs.--
(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), costs
incurred by a contractor in connection with a criminal, civil,
or administrative proceeding commenced by the Federal Government
or a State in connection with a covered contract may be allowed
as reimbursable costs under the contract if the costs are not
disallowable under subsection (b), but only to the extent
provided in paragraph (2).
(2) Amount of allowable costs.--
(A) Maximum amount allowed.--The amount of the costs
allowable under paragraph (1) in any case may not exceed
the amount equal to 80 percent of the amount of the
costs incurred, to the extent that the costs are
determined to be otherwise allowable and allocable under
the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
(B) Content of regulations.--Regulations issued for
the purpose of subparagraph (A) shall provide for
appropriate consideration of the complexity of
procurement litigation, generally accepted principles
governing the award of legal fees in civil actions
involving the Federal Government as a party, and other
factors as may be appropriate.
(3) When otherwise allowable costs are not allowable.--In the
case of a proceeding referred to in paragraph (1), contractor
costs otherwise allowable as reimbursable costs under this
subsection are not allowable if--
(A) the proceeding involves the same contractor
misconduct alleged as the basis of another criminal,
civil, or administrative proceeding; and
(B) the costs of the other proceeding are not
allowable under subsection (b).

CHAPTER 45--CONTRACT FINANCING

Sec.
4501.  Authority of executive agency.
4502.  Payment.
4503.  Security for advance payments.
4504.  Conditions for progress payments.
4505.  Payments for commercial items.
4506.  Action in case of fraud.

Sec. 4501. Authority of executive agency

An executive agency may--
(1) make advance, partial, progress or other payments under
contracts for property or services made by the agency; and
(2) insert in solicitations for procurement of property or
services a provision limiting to small business concerns advance
or progress payments.

[[Page 3791]]

Sec. 4502. Payment

(a) Basis for Payment.--When practicable, payments under section 4501
of this title shall be made on any of the following bases:
(1) Performance measured by objective, quantifiable methods
such as delivery of acceptable items, work measurement, or
statistical process controls.
(2) Accomplishment of events defined in the program management
plan.
(3) Other quantifiable measures of results.

(b) Payment Amount.--Payments made under section 4501 of this title
may not exceed the unpaid contract price.

Sec. 4503. Security for advance payments

Advance payments under section 4501 of this title may be made only on
adequate security and a determination by the agency head that to do so
would be in the public interest. The security may be in the form of a
lien in favor of the Federal Government on the property contracted for,
on the balance in an account in which the payments are deposited, and on
such of the property acquired for performance of the contract as the
parties may agree. This lien shall be paramount to all other liens and
is effective immediately upon the first advancement of funds without
filing, notice, or any other action by the Federal Government.

Sec. 4504. Conditions for progress payments

(a) Payment Commensurate With Work.--The executive agency shall ensure
that a payment for work in progress (including materials, labor, and
other items) under a contract of an executive agency that provides for
those payments is commensurate with the work accomplished that meets
standards established under the contract. The contractor shall provide
information and evidence the executive agency determines is necessary to
permit the executive agency to carry out this subsection.
(b) Limitation.--The executive agency shall ensure that progress
payments referred to in subsection (a) are not made for more than 80
percent of the work accomplished under the contract as long as the
executive agency has not made the contractual terms, specifications, and
price definite.
(c) Application.--This section applies to a contract in an amount
greater than $25,000.

Sec. 4505. Payments for commercial items

(a) Terms and Conditions for Payments.--Payments under section 4501 of
this title for commercial items may be made under terms and conditions
that the head of the executive agency determines are appropriate or
customary in the commercial marketplace and are in the best interests of
the Federal Government.
(b) Security for Payments.--The head of the executive agency shall
obtain adequate security for the payments. If the security is in the
form of a lien in favor of the Federal Government, the lien is paramount
to all other liens and is effective immediately on the first payment,
without filing, notice, or other action by the Federal Government.
(c) Limitation on Advance Payments.--Advance payments made under
section 4501 of this title for commercial items may include payments, in
a total amount not more than 15 percent of the contract price, in
advance of any performance of work under the contract.

[[Page 3792]]

(d) Nonapplication of Certain Conditions.--The conditions of sections
4503 and 4504 of this title need not be applied if they would be
inconsistent, as determined by the head of the executive agency, with
commercial terms and conditions pursuant to this section.

Sec. 4506. Action in case of fraud

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``remedy coordination
official'', with respect to an executive agency, means the individual or
entity in that executive agency who coordinates within that executive
agency the administration of criminal, civil, administrative, and
contractual remedies resulting from investigations of fraud or
corruption related to procurement activities.
(b) Recommendation To Reduce or Suspend Payments.--In any case in
which the remedy coordination official of an executive agency finds that
there is substantial evidence that the request of a contractor for
advance, partial, or progress payment under a contract awarded by that
executive agency is based on fraud, the remedy coordination official
shall recommend that the executive agency reduce or suspend further
payments to that contractor.
(c) Reduction or Suspension of Payments.--The head of an executive
agency receiving a recommendation under subsection (b) in the case of a
contractor's request for payment under a contract shall determine
whether there is substantial evidence that the request is based on
fraud. On making an affirmative determination, the head of the executive
agency may reduce or suspend further payments to the contractor under
the contract.
(d) Extent of Reduction or Suspension.--The extent of any reduction or
suspension of payments by an executive agency under subsection (c) on
the basis of fraud shall be reasonably commensurate with the anticipated
loss to the Federal Government resulting from the fraud.
(e) Written Justification.--A written justification for each decision
of the head of an executive agency whether to reduce or suspend payments
under subsection (c), and for each recommendation received by the
executive agency in connection with the decision, shall be prepared and
be retained in the files of the executive agency.
(f) Notice.--The head of each executive agency shall prescribe
procedures to ensure that, before the head of the executive agency
decides to reduce or suspend payments in the case of a contractor under
subsection (c), the contractor is afforded notice of the proposed
reduction or suspension and an opportunity to submit matters to the
executive agency in response to the proposed reduction or suspension.
(g) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which the head
of an executive agency reduces or suspends payments to a contractor
under subsection (c), the remedy coordination official of the executive
agency shall--
(1) review the determination of fraud on which the reduction
or suspension is based; and
(2) transmit a recommendation to the head of the executive
agency whether the suspension or reduction should continue.

(h) Report.--The head of each executive agency who receives
recommendations made by the remedy coordination official of the
executive agency to reduce or suspend payments under subsection (c)
during a fiscal year shall prepare for that year a report that

[[Page 3793]]

contains the recommendations, the actions taken on the recommendations
and the reasons for those actions, and an assessment of the effects of
those actions on the Federal Government. The report shall be available
to any Member of Congress on request.
(i) Restriction on Delegation.--The head of an executive agency may
not delegate responsibilities under this section to an individual in a
position below level IV of the Executive Schedule.

CHAPTER 47--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec.
4701.  Determinations and decisions.
4702.  Prohibition on release of contractor proposals.
4703.  Validation of proprietary data restrictions.
4704.  Prohibition of contractors limiting subcontractor sales directly
to Federal Government.
4705.  Protection of contractor employees from reprisal for disclosure
of certain information.
4706.  Examination of facilities and records of contractor.
4707.  Remission of liquidated damages.
4708.  Payment of reimbursable indirect costs in cost-type research and
development contracts with educational institutions.
4709.  Implementation of electronic commerce capability.
4710.  Limitations on tiering of subcontractors.
4711.  Linking of award and incentive fees to acquisition outcomes.

Sec. 4701. Determinations and decisions

(a) Individual or Class Determinations and Decisions Authorized.--
(1) In general.--Determinations and decisions required to be
made under this division by the head of an executive agency or
provided in this division or chapters 1 to 11 of title 40 to be
made by the Administrator of General Services or other agency
head may be made for an individual purchase or contract or,
except for determinations or decisions made under sections 3105,
3301, 3303 to 3305, 3306(a)-(e), and 3308, chapter 37, and
section 4702 of this title or to the extent expressly prohibited
by another law, for a class of purchases or contracts.
(2) Delegation.--Except as provided in section 3304(a)(7) of
this title, and except as provided in section 121(d)(1) and (2)
of title 40 with respect to the Administrator of General
Services, the agency head, in the discretion and subject to the
direction of the agency head, may delegate powers provided by
this division or chapters 1 to 11 of title 40, including the
making of determinations and decisions described in paragraph
(1), to other officers or officials of the agency.
(3) Finality.--The determinations and decisions are final.

(b) Written Findings.--
(1) Basis for certain determinations.--Each determination or
decision under section 3901, 3905, 4503, or 4706(d)(2)(B) of
this title shall be based on a written finding by the individual
making the determination or decision. A finding under section
4503 or 4706(d)(2)(B) shall set out facts and circumstances that
support the determination or decision.
(2) Finality.--Each finding referred to in paragraph (1) is
final.
(3) Maintaining copies of findings.--The head of an executive
agency shall maintain for a period of not less than 6 years a
copy of each finding referred to in paragraph (1) that is made
by an individual in that executive agency. The period

[[Page 3794]]

begins on the date of the determination or decision to which the
finding relates.

Sec. 4702. Prohibition on release of contractor proposals

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``proposal'' means a
proposal, including a technical, management, or cost proposal, submitted
by a contractor in response to the requirements of a solicitation for a
competitive proposal.
(b) Prohibition.--A proposal in the possession or control of an
executive agency may not be made available to any person under section
552 of title 5.
(c) Nonapplication.--Subsection (b) does not apply to a proposal that
is set forth or incorporated by reference in a contract entered into
between the agency and the contractor that submitted the proposal.

Sec. 4703. Validation of proprietary data restrictions

(a) Contract That Provides for Delivery of Technical Data.--A contract
for property or services entered into by an executive agency that
provides for the delivery of technical data shall provide that--
(1) a contractor or subcontractor at any tier shall be
prepared to furnish to the contracting officer a written
justification for any restriction the contractor or
subcontractor asserts on the right of the Federal Government to
use the data; and
(2) the contracting officer may review the validity of a
restriction the contractor or subcontractor asserts under the
contract on the right of the Federal Government to use technical
data furnished to the Federal Government under the contract if
the contracting officer determines that reasonable grounds exist
to question the current validity of the asserted restriction and
that the continued adherence to the asserted restriction by the
Federal Government would make it impracticable to procure the
item competitively at a later time.

(b) Challenge of Restriction.--If after a review the contracting
officer determines that a challenge to the asserted restriction is
warranted, the contracting officer shall provide written notice to the
contractor or subcontractor asserting the restriction. The notice shall
state--
(1) the grounds for challenging the asserted restriction; and
(2) the requirement for a response within 60 days justifying
the current validity of the asserted restriction.

(c) Additional Time for Responses.--If a contractor or subcontractor
asserting a restriction subject to this section submits to the
contracting officer a written request showing the need for additional
time to comply with the requirement to justify the current validity of
the asserted restriction, the contracting officer shall provide
appropriate additional time to adequately permit the justification to be
submitted.
(d) Multiple Challenges.--If a party asserting a restriction receives
notices of challenges to restrictions on technical data from more than
one contracting officer, and notifies each contracting officer of the
existence of more than one challenge, the contracting officer initiating
the earliest challenge, after consultation with the party asserting the
restriction and the other contracting officers, shall formulate a
schedule of responses to each of the challenges that will afford the
party asserting the restriction with an equitable opportunity to respond
to each challenge.

[[Page 3795]]

(e) Decision on Validity of Asserted Restriction.--
(1) No response submitted.--The contracting officer shall
issue a decision pertaining to the validity of the asserted
restriction if the contractor or subcontractor does not submit a
response under subsection (b).
(2) Response submitted.--Within 60 days of receipt of a
justification submitted in response to the notice provided
pursuant to subsection (b), a contracting officer shall issue a
decision or notify the party asserting the restriction of the
time within which a decision will be issued.

(f) Claim Deemed Claim Within Chapter 71.--A claim pertaining to the
validity of the asserted restriction that is submitted in writing to a
contracting officer by a contractor or subcontractor at any tier is
deemed to be a claim within the meaning of chapter 71 of this title.
(g) Final Disposition of Challenge.--
(1) Challenge is sustained.--If the contracting officer's
challenge to the restriction on the right of the Federal
Government to use technical data is sustained on final
disposition--
(A) the restriction is cancelled; and
(B) if the asserted restriction is found not to be
substantially justified, the contractor or
subcontractor, as appropriate, is liable to the Federal
Government for payment of the cost to the Federal
Government of reviewing the asserted restriction and the
fees and other expenses (as defined in section
2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by the Federal
Government in challenging the asserted restriction,
unless special circumstances would make the payment
unjust.
(2) Challenge not sustained.--If the contracting officer's
challenge to the restriction on the right of the Federal
Government to use technical data is not sustained on final
disposition, the Federal Government--
(A) continues to be bound by the restriction; and
(B) is liable for payment to the party asserting the
restriction for fees and other expenses (as defined in
section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by the party
asserting the restriction in defending the asserted
restriction if the challenge by the Federal Government
is found not to be made in good faith.

Sec. 4704. Prohibition of contractors limiting subcontractor sales
directly to Federal Government

(a) Contract Restrictions.--Each contract for the purchase of property
or services made by an executive agency shall provide that the
contractor will not--
(1) enter into an agreement with a subcontractor under the
contract that has the effect of unreasonably restricting sales
by the subcontractor directly to the Federal Government of any
item or process (including computer software) made or furnished
by the subcontractor under the contract (or any follow-on
production contract); or
(2) otherwise act to restrict unreasonably the ability of a
subcontractor to make sales described in paragraph (1) to the
Federal Government.

(b) Rights Under Law Preserved.--This section does not prohibit a
contractor from asserting rights it otherwise has under law.

[[Page 3796]]

(c) Inapplicability to Certain Contracts.--This section does not apply
to a contract for an amount that is not greater than the simplified
acquisition threshold.
(d) Inapplicability When Government Treated Similarly to Other
Purchasers.--An agreement between the contractor in a contract for the
acquisition of commercial items and a subcontractor under the contract
that restricts sales by the subcontractor directly to persons other than
the contractor may not be considered to unreasonably restrict sales by
that subcontractor to the Federal Government in violation of the
provision included in the contract pursuant to subsection (a) if the
agreement does not result in the Federal Government being treated
differently with regard to the restriction than any other prospective
purchaser of the commercial items from that subcontractor.

Sec. 4705. Protection of contractor employees from reprisal for
disclosure of certain information

(a) Definitions.--In this section:
(1) Contract.--The term ``contract'' means a contract awarded
by the head of an executive agency.
(2) Contractor.--The term ``contractor'' means a person
awarded a contract with an executive agency.
(3) Inspector general.--The term ``Inspector General'' means
an Inspector General appointed under the Inspector General Act
of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).

(b) Prohibition of Reprisals.--An employee of a contractor may not be
discharged, demoted, or otherwise discriminated against as a reprisal
for disclosing to a Member of Congress or an authorized official of an
executive agency or the Department of Justice information relating to a
substantial violation of law related to a contract (including the
competition for, or negotiation of, a contract).
(c) Investigation of Complaints.--An individual who believes that the
individual has been subjected to a reprisal prohibited by subsection (b)
may submit a complaint to the Inspector General of the executive agency.
Unless the Inspector General determines that the complaint is frivolous,
the Inspector General shall investigate the complaint and, on completion
of the investigation, submit a report of the findings of the
investigation to the individual, the contractor concerned, and the head
of the agency. If the executive agency does not have an Inspector
General, the duties of the Inspector General under this section shall be
performed by an official designated by the head of the executive agency.
(d) Remedy and Enforcement Authority.--
(1) Actions contractor may be ordered to take.--If the head of
an executive agency determines that a contractor has subjected
an individual to a reprisal prohibited by subsection (b), the
head of the executive agency may take one or more of the
following actions:
(A) Abatement.--Order the contractor to take
affirmative action to abate the reprisal.
(B) Reinstatement.--Order the contractor to reinstate
the individual to the position that the individual held
before the reprisal, together with the compensation
(including back pay), employment benefits, and other
terms and conditions of employment that would apply to
the individual in that position if the reprisal had not
been taken.
(C) Payment.--Order the contractor to pay the
complainant an amount equal to the aggregate amount of
all costs

[[Page 3797]]

and expenses (including attorneys' fees and expert
witnesses' fees) that the complainant reasonably
incurred for, or in connection with, bringing the
complaint regarding the reprisal, as determined by the
head of the executive agency.
(2) Enforcement order.--When a contractor fails to comply with
an order issued under paragraph (1), the head of the executive
agency shall file an action for enforcement of the order in the
United States district court for a district in which the
reprisal was found to have occurred. In an action brought under
this paragraph, the court may grant appropriate relief,
including injunctive relief and compensatory and exemplary
damages.
(3) Review of enforcement order.--A person adversely affected
or aggrieved by an order issued under paragraph (1) may obtain
review of the order's conformance with this subsection, and
regulations issued to carry out this section, in the United
States court of appeals for a circuit in which the reprisal is
alleged in the order to have occurred. A petition seeking review
must be filed no more than 60 days after the head of the agency
issues the order. Review shall conform to chapter 7 of title 5.

(e) Scope of Section.--This section does not--
(1) authorize the discharge of, demotion of, or discrimination
against an employee for a disclosure other than a disclosure
protected by subsection (b); or
(2) modify or derogate from a right or remedy otherwise
available to the employee.

Sec. 4706. Examination of facilities and records of contractor

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``records'' includes books,
documents, accounting procedures and practices, and other data,
regardless of type and regardless of whether the items are in written
form, in the form of computer data, or in any other form.
(b) Agency Authority.--
(1) Inspection of plant and audit of records.--The head of an
executive agency, acting through an authorized representative,
may inspect the plant and audit the records of--
(A) a contractor performing a cost-reimbursement,
incentive, time-and-materials, labor-hour, or price-
redeterminable contract, or any combination of those
contracts, the executive agency makes under this
division; and
(B) a subcontractor performing a cost-reimbursement,
incentive, time-and-materials, labor-hour, or price-
redeterminable subcontract, or any combination of those
subcontracts, under a contract referred to in
subparagraph (A).
(2) Examination of records.--The head of an executive agency,
acting through an authorized representative, may, for the
purpose of evaluating the accuracy, completeness, and currency
of certified cost or pricing data required to be submitted
pursuant to chapter 35 of this title with respect to a contract
or subcontract, examine all records of the contractor or
subcontractor related to--
(A) the proposal for the contract or subcontract;
(B) the discussions conducted on the proposal;
(C) pricing of the contract or subcontract; or

[[Page 3798]]

(D) performance of the contract or subcontract.

(c) Subpoena Power.--
(1) Authority to require the production of records.--The
Inspector General of an executive agency appointed under section
3 or 8G of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) or,
on request of the head of an executive agency, the Director of
the Defense Contract Audit Agency (or any successor agency) of
the Department of Defense or the Inspector General of the
General Services Administration may require by subpoena the
production of records of a contractor, access to which is
provided for that executive agency by subsection (b).
(2) Enforcement of subpoena.--A subpoena under paragraph (1),
in the case of contumacy or refusal to obey, is enforceable by
order of an appropriate United States district court.
(3) Authority not delegable.--The authority provided by
paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
(4) Report.--In the year following a year in which authority
provided in paragraph (1) is exercised for an executive agency,
the head of the executive agency shall submit to the Committee
on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and
the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of
Representatives a report on the exercise of the authority during
the preceding year and the reasons why the authority was
exercised in any instance.

(d) Authority of Comptroller General.--
(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each
contract awarded after using procedures other than sealed bid
procedures shall provide that the Comptroller General and
representatives of the Comptroller General may examine records
of the contractor, or any of its subcontractors, that directly
pertain to, and involve transactions relating to, the contract
or subcontract and to interview any current employee regarding
the transactions.
(2) Exception for foreign contractor or subcontractor.--
Paragraph (1) does not apply to a contract or subcontract with a
foreign contractor or foreign subcontractor if the executive
agency concerned determines, with the concurrence of the
Comptroller General or the designee of the Comptroller General,
that applying paragraph (1) to the contract or subcontract would
not be in the public interest. The concurrence of the
Comptroller General or the designee is not required when--
(A) the contractor or subcontractor is--
(i) the government of a foreign country or an
agency of that government; or
(ii) precluded by the laws of the country
involved from making its records available for
examination; and
(B) the executive agency determines, after taking into
account the price and availability of the property and
services from United States sources, that the public
interest would be best served by not applying paragraph
(1).
(3) Additional records not required.--Paragraph (1) does not
require a contractor or subcontractor to create or maintain a
record that the contractor or subcontractor does not maintain in
the ordinary course of business or pursuant to another law.

[[Page 3799]]

(e) Limitation on Audits Relating to Indirect Costs.--An executive
agency may not perform an audit of indirect costs under a contract,
subcontract, or modification before or after entering into the contract,
subcontract, or modification when the contracting officer determines
that the objectives of the audit can reasonably be met by accepting the
results of an audit that was conducted by another department or agency
of the Federal Government within one year preceding the date of the
contracting officer's determination.
(f) Expiration of Authority.--The authority of an executive agency
under subsection (b) and the authority of the Comptroller General under
subsection (d) shall expire 3 years after final payment under the
contract or subcontract.
(g) Inapplicability to Certain Contracts.--This section does not apply
to the following contracts:
(1) Contracts for utility services at rates not exceeding
those established to apply uniformly to the public, plus any
applicable reasonable connection charge.
(2) A contract or subcontract that is not greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold.

(h) Electronic Form Allowed.--This section does not preclude a
contractor from duplicating or storing original records in electronic
form.
(i) Original Records Not Required.--An executive agency shall not
require a contractor or subcontractor to provide original records in an
audit carried out pursuant to this section if the contractor or
subcontractor provides photographic or electronic images of the original
records and meets the following requirements:
(1) Preservation procedures established.--The contractor or
subcontractor has established procedures to ensure that the
imaging process preserves the integrity, reliability, and
security of the original records.
(2) Indexing system maintained.--The contractor or
subcontractor maintains an effective indexing system to permit
timely and convenient access to the imaged records.
(3) Original records retained.--The contractor or
subcontractor retains the original records for a minimum of one
year after imaging to permit periodic validation of the imaging
systems.

Sec. 4707. Remission of liquidated damages

When a contract made on behalf of the Federal Government by the head
of a Federal agency, or by an authorized officer of the agency, includes
a provision for liquidated damages for delay, the Secretary of the
Treasury on recommendation of the head of the agency may remit any part
of the damages as the Secretary of the Treasury believes is just and
equitable.

Sec. 4708. Payment of reimbursable indirect costs in cost-type research
and development contracts with educational
institutions

A cost-type research and development contract (including a grant) with
a university, college, or other educational institution may provide for
payment of reimbursable indirect costs on the basis of predetermined
fixed-percentage rates applied to the total of the reimbursable direct
costs incurred or to an element of the total of the reimbursable direct
costs incurred.

[[Page 3800]]

Sec. 4709. Implementation of electronic commerce capability

(a) Role of Head of Executive Agency.--The head of each executive
agency shall implement the electronic commerce capability required by
section 2301 of this title. In implementing the capability, the head of
an executive agency shall consult with the Administrator.
(b) Program Manager.--The head of each executive agency shall
designate a program manager to implement the electronic commerce
capability for the agency. The program manager reports directly to an
official at a level not lower than the senior procurement executive
designated for the agency under section 1702(c) of this title.

Sec. 4710. Limitations on tiering of subcontractors

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``executive agency'' has
the same meaning given in section 133 of this title.
(b) Regulations.--For executive agencies other than the Department of
Defense, the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall--
(1) require contractors to minimize the excessive use of
subcontractors, or of tiers of subcontractors, that add no or
negligible value; and
(2) ensure that neither a contractor nor a subcontractor
receives indirect costs or profit on work performed by a lower-
tier subcontractor to which the higher-tier contractor or
subcontractor adds no or negligible value (but not to limit
charges for indirect costs and profit based on the direct costs
of managing lower-tier subcontracts).

(c) Covered Contracts.--This section applies to any cost-reimbursement
type contract or task or delivery order in an amount greater than the
simplified acquisition threshold (as defined by section 134 of this
title).
(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be construed
as limiting the ability of the Department of Defense to implement more
restrictive limitations on the tiering of subcontractors.
(e) Applicability.--The Department of Defense shall continue to be
subject to guidance on limitations on tiering of subcontractors issued
by the Department of Defense pursuant to section 852 of the John Warner
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
364, 10 U.S.C. 2324 note).

Sec. 4711. Linking of award and incentive fees to acquisition outcomes

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``executive agency'' has
the same meaning given in section 133 of this title.
(b) Guidance for Executive Agencies on Linking of Award and Incentive
Fees to Acquisition Outcomes.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall
provide executive agencies other than the Department of Defense with
instructions, including definitions, on the appropriate use of award and
incentive fees in Federal acquisition programs.
(c) Elements.--The regulations under subsection (b) shall--
(1) ensure that all new contracts using award fees link the
fees to acquisition outcomes (which shall be defined in terms of
program cost, schedule, and performance);

[[Page 3801]]

(2) establish standards for identifying the appropriate level
of officials authorized to approve the use of award and
incentive fees in new contracts;
(3) provide guidance on the circumstances in which contractor
performance may be judged to be ``excellent'' or ``superior''
and the percentage of the available award fee which contractors
should be paid for the performance;
(4) establish standards for determining the percentage of the
available award fee, if any, which contractors should be paid
for performance that is judged to be ``acceptable'',
``average'', ``expected'', ``good'', or ``satisfactory'';
(5) ensure that no award fee may be paid for contractor
performance that is judged to be below satisfactory performance
or performance that does not meet the basic requirements of the
contract;
(6) provide specific direction on the circumstances, if any,
in which it may be appropriate to roll over award fees that are
not earned in one award fee period to a subsequent award fee
period or periods;
(7) ensure consistent use of guidelines and definitions
relating to award and incentive fees across the Federal
Government;
(8) ensure that each executive agency--
(A) collects relevant data on award and incentive fees
paid to contractors; and
(B) has mechanisms in place to evaluate the data on a
regular basis;
(9) include performance measures to evaluate the effectiveness
of award and incentive fees as a tool for improving contractor
performance and achieving desired program outcomes; and
(10) provide mechanisms for sharing proven incentive
strategies for the acquisition of different types of products
and services among contracting and program management officials.

(d) Guidance for Department of Defense.--The Department of Defense
shall continue to be subject to guidance on award and incentive fees
issued by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 814 of the John
Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public
Law 109-364, 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).

Subtitle II--Other Advertising and Contract Provisions

Chapter                                                             Sec.
Advertising                                             6101
General Contract Provisions                             6301
Contracts for Materials, Supplies, Articles, and        6501
Equipment Exceeding $10,000
Service Contract Labor Standards                        6701

CHAPTER 61--ADVERTISING

Sec.
6101.  Advertising requirement for Federal Government purchases and
sales.
6102.  Exceptions from advertising requirement.
6103.  Opening of bids.

Sec. 6101. Advertising requirement for Federal Government purchases and
sales

(a) Definitions.--In this section--

[[Page 3802]]

(1) Appropriation.--The term ``appropriation'' includes
amounts made available by legislation under section 9104 of
title 31.
(2) Federal government.--The term ``Federal Government''
includes the government of the District of Columbia.

(b) Purchases.--
(1) In general.--Unless otherwise provided in the
appropriation concerned or other law, purchases and contracts
for supplies or services for the Federal Government may be made
or entered into only after advertising for proposals for a
sufficient time.
(2) Limitations on applicability.--Paragraph (1) does not
apply when--
(A) the amount involved in any one case does not
exceed $25,000;
(B) public exigencies require the immediate delivery
of articles or performance of services;
(C) only one source of supply is available and the
Federal Government purchasing or contracting officer so
certifies; or
(D) services are required to be performed by a
contractor in person and are--
(i) of a technical and professional nature; or
(ii) under Federal Government supervision and
paid for on a time basis.

(c) Sales.--Except when otherwise authorized by law or when the
reasonable value involved in any one case does not exceed $500, sales
and contracts of sale by the Federal Government are governed by the
requirements of this section for advertising.
(d) Application to Wholly Owned Government Corporations.--For wholly
owned Government corporations, this section applies only to
administrative transactions.

Sec. 6102. Exceptions from advertising requirement

(a) American Battle Monuments Commission.--Section 6101 of this title
does not apply to the American Battle Monuments Commission with respect
to leases in foreign countries for office or garage space.
(b) Bureau of Interparliamentary Union for Promotion of International
Arbitration.--Section 6101 of this title does not apply to the Bureau of
Interparliamentary Union for Promotion of International Arbitration with
respect to necessary stenographic reporting services by contract.
(c) Department of State.--Section 6101 of this title does not apply to
the Department of State when the purchase or service relates to the
packing of personal and household effects of Diplomatic, Consular, and
Foreign Service officers and clerks for foreign shipment.
(d) International Committee of Aerial Legal Experts.--Section 6101 of
this title does not apply to the International Committee of Aerial Legal
Experts with respect to necessary stenographic and other services by
contract.
(e) Architect of the Capitol.--The purchase of supplies and equipment
and the procurement of services for all branches under the Architect of
the Capitol may be made in the open market according to common business
practice, without compliance with section 6101 of this title, when the
aggregate amount of the purchase or the service does not exceed $25,000
in any instance.

[[Page 3803]]

(f) Forest Products From Indian Reservations.--Lumber and other forest
products produced by Indian enterprises from forests on Indian
reservations may be sold under regulations the Secretary of the Interior
prescribes, without compliance with section 6101 of this title.
(g) House of Representatives.--Section 6101 of this title does not
apply to purchases and contracts for supplies or services for any office
of the House of Representatives.
(h) Congressional Budget Office.--The Director of the Congressional
Budget Office may enter into agreements or contracts without regard to
section 6101 of this title.

Sec. 6103. Opening of bids

Whenever proposals for supplies have been solicited, the parties
responding to the solicitation shall be notified of the time and place
of the opening of the bids, and be permitted to be present either in
person or by attorney. A record of each bid shall be made at the time
and place of the opening of the bids.

CHAPTER 63--GENERAL CONTRACT PROVISIONS

Sec.
6301.  Authorization requirement.
6302.  Contracts for fuel made by Secretary of the Army.
6303.  Certain contracts limited to appropriated amounts.
6304.  Certain contracts limited to one-year term.
6305.  Prohibition on transfer of contract and certain allowable
assignments.
6306.  Prohibition on Members of Congress making contracts with Federal
Government.
6307.  Contracts with Federal Government-owned establishments and
availability of appropriations.
6308.  Contracts for transportation of Federal Government securities.
6309.  Honorable discharge certificate in lieu of birth certificate.

Sec. 6301. Authorization requirement

(a) In General.--A contract or purchase on behalf of the Federal
Government shall not be made unless the contract or purchase is
authorized by law or is under an appropriation adequate to its
fulfillment.
(b) Exception.--
(1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``defined
Secretary'' means--
(A) the Secretary of Defense; or
(B) the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to
the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as
a service in the Navy.
(2) In general.--Subsection (a) does not apply to a contract
or purchase made by a defined Secretary for clothing,
subsistence, forage, fuel, quarters, transportation, or medical
and hospital supplies.
(3) Current year limitation.--A contract or purchase made by a
defined Secretary under this subsection may not exceed the
necessities of the current year.
(4) Reports.--The defined Secretary shall immediately advise
Congress when authority is exercised under this subsection. The
defined Secretary shall report quarterly on the estimated
obligations incurred pursuant to the authority granted in this
subsection.

(c) Special Rule for Purchase of Land.--Land may not be purchased by
the Federal Government unless the purchase is authorized by law.

[[Page 3804]]

Sec. 6302. Contracts for fuel made by Secretary of the Army

The Secretary of the Army, when the Secretary believes it is in the
interest of the United States, may enter into contracts and incur
obligations for fuel in sufficient quantities to meet the requirements
for one year without regard to the current fiscal year. Amounts
appropriated for the fiscal year in which the contract is made or
amounts appropriated or which may be appropriated for the following
fiscal year may be used to pay for supplies delivered under a contract
made pursuant to this section.

Sec. 6303. Certain contracts limited to appropriated amounts

A contract to erect, repair, or furnish a public building, or to make
any public improvement, shall not be made on terms requiring the Federal
Government to pay more than the amount specifically appropriated for the
activity covered by the contract.

Sec. 6304. Certain contracts limited to one-year term

Except as otherwise provided, an executive department shall not make a
contract for stationery or other supplies for a term longer than one
year from the time the contract is made.

Sec. 6305. Prohibition on transfer of contract and certain allowable
assignments

(a) General Prohibition on Transfer of Contracts.--The party to whom
the Federal Government gives a contract or order may not transfer the
contract or order, or any interest in the contract or order, to another
party. A purported transfer in violation of this subsection annuls the
contract or order so far as the Federal Government is concerned, except
that all rights of action for breach of contract are reserved to the
Federal Government.
(b) Assignment.--
(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a) and in
accordance with the requirements of this subsection, amounts due
from the Federal Government under a contract may be assigned to
a bank, trust company, Federal lending agency, or other
financing institution.
(2) Minimum amount.--This subsection applies only to a
contract under which the aggregate amounts due from the Federal
Government total at least $1,000.
(3) Accord with contract terms.--Assignment may not be made
under this subsection if the contract forbids the assignment.
(4) Full balance due.--Unless otherwise expressly permitted by
the contract, an assignment under this subsection must cover the
balance of all amounts due from the Federal Government under the
contract.
(5) Single assignment.--Unless otherwise expressly permitted
by the contract, an assignment under this subsection may not be
made to more than one party or be subject to further assignment,
except that assignment may be made to one party as agent or
trustee for 2 or more parties participating in the financing.
(6) Written notice.--The assignee of an assignment under this
subsection shall file written notice of the assignment and a
true copy of the instrument of assignment with--
(A) the contracting officer or head of the officer's
department or agency;

[[Page 3805]]

(B) the surety on any bond connected with the
contract; and
(C) the disbursing officer, if any, designated in the
contract to make payment.
(7) Validity.--Notwithstanding any law to the contrary
governing the validity of assignments, an assignment under this
subsection is a valid assignment for all purposes.
(8) No refund to cover assignor's liability.--The assignee of
an assignment under this subsection is not liable to make any
refund to the Federal Government because of an assignor's
liability to the Federal Government, whether that liability
arises from the contract or independently.
(9) Avoiding reduction or setoff with certain contracts.--
(A) Contract provision.--A contract of the Department
of Defense, the General Services Administration, the
Department of Energy, or another department or agency of
the Federal Government designated by the President may,
on a determination of need by the President, provide or
be amended without consideration to provide that
payments made to an assignee under the contract are not
subject to reduction or setoff. Each determination of
need by the President under this subparagraph shall be
published in the Federal Register.
(B) Carrying out contract provision.--When a ``no
reduction or setoff'' provision as described in
subparagraph (A) is included in a contract, payments to
the assignee are not subject to reduction or setoff for
an assignor's liability arising--
(i) independently of the contract;
(ii) on account of renegotiation under a
renegotiation statute or under a statutory
renegotiation article in the contract;
(iii) on account of fines;
(iv) on account of penalties; or
(v) on account of taxes, social security
contributions, or the withholding or non-
withholding of taxes or social security
contributions, whether arising from or
independently of the contract.
(C) Limitation.--Subparagraph (B)(iv) does not apply
to amounts which may be collected or withheld from the
assignor in accordance with or for failure to comply
with the terms of the contract.

Sec. 6306. Prohibition on Members of Congress making contracts with
Federal Government

(a) In General.--A Member of Congress may not enter into or benefit
from a contract or agreement or any part of a contract or agreement with
the Federal Government.
(b) Exemptions.--
(1) In general.--Subsection (a) does not apply to contracts
that the Secretary of Agriculture may enter into with farmers.
(2) Certain acts.--Subsection (a) does not apply to a contract
entered into under--
(A) the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 601 et
seq.);
(B) the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2001 et
seq.); or

[[Page 3806]]

(C) the Home Owners' Loan Act (12 U.S.C. 1461 et
seq.).
(3) Public record.--An exemption under this subsection shall
be made a matter of public record.

Sec. 6307. Contracts with Federal Government-owned establishments and
availability of appropriations

An order or contract placed with a Federal Government-owned
establishment for work, material, or the manufacture of material
pertaining to an approved project is deemed to be an obligation in the
same manner that a similar order or contract placed with a commercial
manufacturer or private contractor is an obligation. Appropriations
remain available to pay an obligation to a Federal Government-owned
establishment just as appropriations remain available to pay an
obligation to a commercial manufacturer or private contractor.

Sec. 6308. Contracts for transportation of Federal Government securities

When practicable, a contract for transporting bullion, cash, or
securities of the Federal Government shall be awarded to the lowest
responsible bidder after notice to all parties with means of
transportation.

Sec. 6309. Honorable discharge certificate in lieu of birth certificate

(a) In General.--An employer described in subsection (b) may not deny
employment, on account of failure to produce a birth certificate, to an
individual who submits, in lieu of the birth certificate, an honorable
discharge certificate (or certificate issued in lieu of an honorable
discharge certificate) from the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, or
Coast Guard of the United States, unless the honorable discharge
certificate shows on its face that the individual may have been an alien
at the time of its issuance.
(b) Employers to Which Section Applies.--An employer referred to in
subsection (a) is an employer--
(1) engaged in--
(A) the production, maintenance, or storage of arms,
armament, ammunition, implements of war, munitions,
machinery, tools, clothing, food, fuel, or any articles
or supplies, or parts or ingredients of any articles or
supplies; or
(B) the construction, reconstruction, repair, or
installation of a building, plant, structure, or
facility; and
(2) engaged in the activity described in paragraph (1) under--
(A) a contract with the Federal Government; or
(B) any contract that the President, the Secretary of
the Army, the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary
of the Navy, or the Secretary of the Department in which
the Coast Guard is operating certifies to the employer
to be necessary to the national defense.

CHAPTER 65--CONTRACTS FOR MATERIALS, SUPPLIES, ARTICLES, AND EQUIPMENT
EXCEEDING $10,000

Sec.
6501.  Definitions.
6502.  Required contract terms.
6503.  Breach or violation of required contract terms.
6504.  Three-year prohibition on new contracts in case of breach or
violation.

[[Page 3807]]

6505.  Exclusions.
6506.  Administrative provisions.
6507.  Hearing authority and procedures.
6508.  Authority to make exceptions.
6509.  Other procedures.
6510.  Manufacturers and regular dealers.
6511.  Effect on other law.

Sec. 6501. Definitions

In this chapter--
(1) Agency of the united states.--The term ``agency of the
United States'' means an executive department, independent
establishment, or other agency or instrumentality of the United
States, the District of Columbia, or a corporation in which all
stock is beneficially owned by the Federal Government.
(2) Person.--The term ``person'' includes one or more
individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal
representatives, trustees, trustees in cases under title 11, or
receivers.
(3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of
Labor.

Sec. 6502. Required contract terms

A contract made by an agency of the United States for the manufacture
or furnishing of materials, supplies, articles, or equipment, in an
amount exceeding $10,000, shall include the following representations
and stipulations:
(1) Minimum wages to be paid.--All individuals employed by the
contractor in the manufacture or furnishing of materials,
supplies, articles, or equipment under the contract will be
paid, without subsequent deduction or rebate on any account, not
less than the prevailing minimum wages, as determined by the
Secretary, for individuals employed in similar work or in the
particular or similar industries or groups of industries
currently operating in the locality in which the materials,
supplies, articles, or equipment are to be manufactured or
furnished under the contract, except that this paragraph applies
only to purchases or contracts relating to industries that have
been the subject matter of a determination by the Secretary.
(2) Maximum number of hours to be worked in a week.--No
individual employed by the contractor in the manufacture or
furnishing of materials, supplies, articles, or equipment under
the contract shall be permitted to work in excess of 40 hours in
any one week, except that this paragraph does not apply to an
employer who has entered into an agreement with employees
pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2) of section 7(b) of the Fair
Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 207(b)(1) or (2)).
(3) Ineligible employees.--No individual under 16 years of age
and no incarcerated individual will be employed by the
contractor in the manufacture or furnishing of materials,
supplies, articles, or equipment under the contract, except that
this section, or other law or executive order containing similar
prohibitions against the purchase of goods by the Federal
Government, does not apply to convict labor that satisfies the
conditions of section 1761(c) of title 18.
(4) Standards of places and working conditions where contract
performed.--No part of the contract will be performed, and no
materials, supplies, articles, or equipment will be manufactured
or fabricated under the contract, in plants,

[[Page 3808]]

factories, buildings, or surroundings, or under working
conditions, that are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to the
health and safety of employees engaged in the performance of the
contract. Compliance with the safety, sanitary, and factory
inspection laws of the State in which the work or part of the
work is to be performed is prima facie evidence of compliance
with this paragraph.

Sec. 6503. Breach or violation of required contract terms

(a) Applicable Breach or Violation.--This section applies in case of
breach or violation of a representation or stipulation included in a
contract under section 6502 of this title.
(b) Liquidated Damages.--In addition to damages for any other breach
of the contract, the party responsible for a breach or violation
described in subsection (a) is liable to the Federal Government for the
following liquidated damages:
(1) An amount equal to the sum of $10 per day for each
individual under 16 years of age and each incarcerated
individual knowingly employed in the performance of the
contract.
(2) An amount equal to the sum of each underpayment of wages
due an employee engaged in the performance of the contract,
including any underpayments arising from deductions, rebates, or
refunds.

(c) Cancellation and Alternative Completion.--In addition to the
Federal Government being entitled to damages described in subsection
(b), the agency of the United States that made the contract may cancel
the contract and make open-market purchases or make other contracts for
the completion of the original contract, charging any additional cost to
the original contractor.
(d) Recovery of Amounts Due.--An amount due the Federal Government
because of a breach or violation described in subsection (a) may be
withheld from any amounts owed the contractor under any contract under
section 6502 of this title or may be recovered in a suit brought by the
Attorney General.
(e) Employee Reimbursement for Underpayment of Wages.--An amount
withheld or recovered under subsection (d) that is based on an
underpayment of wages as described in subsection (b)(2) shall be held in
a special deposit account. On order of the Secretary, the amount shall
be paid directly to the underpaid employee on whose account the amount
was withheld or recovered. However, an employee's claim for payment
under this subsection may be entertained only if made within one year
from the date of actual notice to the contractor of the withholding or
recovery.

Sec. 6504. Three-year prohibition on new contracts in case of breach or
violation

(a) Distribution of List.--The Comptroller General shall distribute to
each agency of the United States a list containing the names of persons
found by the Secretary to have breached or violated a representation or
stipulation included in a contract under section 6502 of this title.
(b) Three-Year Prohibition.--Unless the Secretary recommends
otherwise, a contract described in section 6502 of this title may not be
awarded to a person named on the list under subsection (a), or to a
firm, corporation, partnership, or association in which the person has a
controlling interest, until 3 years have elapsed from the date of the
determination by the Secretary that a breach or violation occurred.

[[Page 3809]]

Sec. 6505. Exclusions

(a) Items Available in the Open Market.--This chapter does not apply
to the purchase of materials, supplies, articles, or equipment that may
usually be bought in the open market.
(b) Perishables and Agricultural Products.--This chapter does not
apply to any of the following:
(1) Perishables, including dairy, livestock and nursery
products.
(2) Agricultural or farm products processed for first sale by
the original producers.
(3) Contracts made by the Secretary of Agriculture for the
purchase of agricultural commodities or products of agricultural
commodities.

(c) Carriage of Freight or Personnel.--This chapter may not be
construed to apply to--
(1) the carriage of freight or personnel by vessel, airplane,
bus, truck, express, or railway line where published tariff
rates are in effect; or
(2) common carriers subject to the Communications Act of 1934
(47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.).

Sec. 6506. Administrative provisions

(a) In General.--The Secretary shall administer this chapter.
(b) Regulations.--The Secretary may make, amend, and rescind
regulations as necessary to carry out this chapter.
(c) Use of Government Officers and Employees.--The Secretary shall use
Federal officers and employees and, with a State's consent, State and
local officers and employees as the Secretary finds necessary to assist
in the administration of this chapter.
(d) Appointments.--The Secretary shall appoint an administrative
officer and attorneys, experts, and other employees from time to time as
the Secretary finds necessary for the administration of this chapter.
The appointments are subject to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter
53 of title 5 and other law applicable to the employment and
compensation of officers and employees of the Federal Government.
(e) Investigations.--The Secretary, or an authorized representative of
the Secretary, may make investigations and findings as provided in this
chapter and may, in any part of the United States, prosecute an inquiry
necessary to carry out this chapter.

Sec. 6507. Hearing authority and procedures

(a) Record and Hearing Requirements for Wage Determinations.--A wage
determination under section 6502(1) of this title shall be made on the
record after opportunity for a hearing.
(b) Authority To Hold Hearings.--The Secretary or an impartial
representative designated by the Secretary may hold hearings when there
is a complaint of breach or violation of a representation or stipulation
included in a contract under section 6502 of this title. The Secretary
may initiate hearings on the Secretary's own motion or on the
application of a person affected by the ruling of an agency of the
United States relating to a proposal or contract under this chapter.
(c) Orders To Compel Testimony.--The Secretary or an impartial
representative designated by the Secretary may issue orders requiring
witnesses to attend hearings held under this section and to produce
evidence and testify under oath. Witnesses shall be

[[Page 3810]]

paid fees and mileage at the same rates as witnesses in courts of the
United States.
(d) Enforcement of Orders.--If a person refuses or fails to obey an
order issued under subsection (c), the Secretary or an impartial
representative designated by the Secretary may bring an action to
enforce the order in a district court of the United States or in the
district court of a territory or possession of the United States. A
court has jurisdiction to enforce the order if the inquiry is being
carried out within the court's judicial district or if the person is
found or resides or transacts business within the court's judicial
district. The court may issue an order requiring the person to obey the
order issued under subsection (c), and the court may punish any further
refusal or failure as contempt of court.
(e) Findings of Fact.--After notice and a hearing, the Secretary or an
impartial representative designated by the Secretary shall make findings
of fact. The findings are conclusive for agencies of the United States.
If supported by a preponderance of the evidence, the findings are
conclusive in any court of the United States.
(f) Decisions.--The Secretary or an impartial representative
designated by the Secretary may make decisions, based on findings of
fact, that are considered necessary to enforce this chapter.

Sec. 6508. Authority to make exceptions

(a) Duty of the Secretary To Make Exceptions.--When the head of an
agency of the United States makes a written finding that the inclusion
of representations or stipulations under section 6502 of this title in a
proposal or contract will seriously impair the conduct of Federal
Government business, the Secretary shall make exceptions, in specific
cases or otherwise, when justice or the public interest will be served.
(b) Authority of the Secretary To Modify Existing Contracts.--When an
agency of the United States and a contractor jointly recommend, the
Secretary may modify the terms of an existing contract with respect to
minimum wages and maximum hours of labor as the Secretary finds
necessary and proper in the public interest or to prevent injustice and
undue hardship.
(c) Authority of the Secretary To Allow Limitations, Variations,
Tolerances, and Exemptions.--The Secretary may provide reasonable
limitations and may prescribe regulations to allow reasonable
variations, tolerances, and exemptions in the application of this
chapter to contractors, including with respect to minimum wages and
maximum hours of labor.
(d) Rate of Pay for Overtime.--When the Secretary permits an increase
in the maximum hours of labor stipulated in a contract, the Secretary
shall set a rate of pay for overtime. The overtime rate must be at least
one and one-half times the basic hourly rate.
(e) Authority of the President To Suspend.--The President may suspend
any of the representations and stipulations contained in section 6502 of
this title whenever, in the President's judgment, suspension is in the
public interest.

Sec. 6509. Other procedures

(a) Applicability of Certain Administrative Provisions.--
Notwithstanding section 553 of title 5, subchapter II of chapter 5 and
chapter 7 of title 5 are applicable in the administration of sections
6501 to 6507 and 6511 of this title.

[[Page 3811]]

(b) Judicial Review in General.--Notwithstanding the inclusion of
representations and stipulations in a contract under section 6502 of
this title, an interested person has the right of judicial review of any
legal question which might otherwise be raised, including wage
determinations and the interpretation of the terms ``locality'' and
``open market''.
(c) Judicial Review of Wage Determinations.--A person adversely
affected or aggrieved by a wage determination under section 6502(1) of
this title has the right of judicial review of the determination, or of
the applicability of the determination, within 90 days after the
determination is made, in the manner provided by chapter 7 of title 5. A
person adversely affected or aggrieved by a wage determination is deemed
to include a person in an industry to which the determination applies
that is a supplier of materials, supplies, articles, or equipment that
are purchased or intended to be purchased by the Federal Government from
any source.

Sec. 6510. Manufacturers and regular dealers

(a) Prescribing Standards.--The Secretary may prescribe, in
regulations, standards for determining whether a contractor is a
manufacturer or regular dealer with respect to materials, supplies,
articles, or equipment to be manufactured or furnished under, or used in
the performance of, a contract entered into by an agency of the United
States.
(b) Judicial Review.--An interested person has the right of judicial
review of any legal question relating to interpretation of the terms
``regular dealer'' and ``manufacturer'' as defined pursuant to
subsection (a).

Sec. 6511. Effect on other law

This chapter may not be construed to modify or amend the following
provisions:
(1) Chapter 83 of this title.
(2) Sections 3141 to 3144, 3146, and 3147 of title 40.
(3) Chapter 307 of title 18.

CHAPTER 67--SERVICE CONTRACT LABOR STANDARDS

Sec.
6701.  Definitions.
6702.  Contracts to which this chapter applies.
6703.  Required contract terms.
6704.  Limitation on minimum wage.
6705.  Violations.
6706.  Three-year prohibition on new contracts in case of violation.
6707.  Enforcement and administration of chapter.

Sec. 6701. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Compensation.--The term ``compensation'' means any of the
payments or fringe benefits described in section 6703 of this
title.
(2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of
Labor.
(3) Service employee.--The term ``service employee''--
(A) means an individual engaged in the performance of
a contract made by the Federal Government and not

[[Page 3812]]

exempted under section 6702(b) of this title, whether
negotiated or advertised, the principal purpose of which
is to furnish services in the United States;
(B) includes an individual without regard to any
contractual relationship alleged to exist between the
individual and a contractor or subcontractor; but
(C) does not include an individual employed in a bona
fide executive, administrative, or professional
capacity, as those terms are defined in part 541 of
title 29, Code of Federal Regulations.
(4) United states.--The term ``United States''--
(A) includes any State of the United States, the
District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands,
the outer Continental Shelf as defined in the Outer
Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. Sec. 1331 et
seq.), American Samoa, Guam, Wake Island, and Johnston
Island; but
(B) does not include any other territory under the
jurisdiction of the United States or any United States
base or possession within a foreign country.

Sec. 6702. Contracts to which this chapter applies

(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), this chapter
applies to any contract or bid specification for a contract, whether
negotiated or advertised, that--
(1) is made by the Federal Government or the District of
Columbia;
(2) involves an amount exceeding $2,500; and
(3) has as its principal purpose the furnishing of services in
the United States through the use of service employees.

(b) Exemptions.--This chapter does not apply to--
(1) a contract of the Federal Government or the District of
Columbia for the construction, alteration, or repair, including
painting and decorating, of public buildings or public works;
(2) any work required to be done in accordance with chapter 65
of this title;
(3) a contract for the carriage of freight or personnel by
vessel, airplane, bus, truck, express, railway line or oil or
gas pipeline where published tariff rates are in effect;
(4) a contract for the furnishing of services by radio,
telephone, telegraph, or cable companies, subject to the
Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.);
(5) a contract for public utility services, including electric
light and power, water, steam, and gas;
(6) an employment contract providing for direct services to a
Federal agency by an individual; and
(7) a contract with the United States Postal Service, the
principal purpose of which is the operation of postal contract
stations.

Sec. 6703. Required contract terms

A contract, and bid specification for a contract, to which this
chapter applies under section 6702 of this title shall contain the
following terms:
(1) Minimum wage.--The contract and bid specification shall
contain a provision specifying the minimum wage to be paid to
each class of service employee engaged in the performance

[[Page 3813]]

of the contract or any subcontract, as determined by the
Secretary or the Secretary's authorized representative, in
accordance with prevailing rates in the locality, or, where a
collective-bargaining agreement covers the service employees, in
accordance with the rates provided for in the agreement,
including prospective wage increases provided for in the
agreement as a result of arm's length negotiations. In any case
the minimum wage may not be less than the minimum wage specified
in section 6704 of this title.
(2) Fringe benefits.--The contract and bid specification shall
contain a provision specifying the fringe benefits to be
provided to each class of service employee engaged in the
performance of the contract or any subcontract, as determined by
the Secretary or the Secretary's authorized representative to be
prevailing in the locality, or, where a collective-bargaining
agreement covers the service employees, to be provided for under
the agreement, including prospective fringe benefit increases
provided for in the agreement as a result of arm's-length
negotiations. The fringe benefits shall include medical or
hospital care, pensions on retirement or death, compensation for
injuries or illness resulting from occupational activity, or
insurance to provide any of the foregoing, unemployment
benefits, life insurance, disability and sickness insurance,
accident insurance, vacation and holiday pay, costs of
apprenticeship or other similar programs and other bona fide
fringe benefits not otherwise required by Federal, State, or
local law to be provided by the contractor or subcontractor. The
obligation under this paragraph may be discharged by furnishing
any equivalent combinations of fringe benefits or by making
equivalent or differential payments in cash under regulations
established by the Secretary.
(3) Working conditions.--The contract and bid specification
shall contain a provision specifying that no part of the
services covered by this chapter may be performed in buildings
or surroundings or under working conditions, provided by or
under the control or supervision of the contractor or any
subcontractor, which are unsanitary or hazardous or dangerous to
the health or safety of service employees engaged to provide the
services.
(4) Notice.--The contract and bid specification shall contain
a provision specifying that on the date a service employee
begins work on a contract to which this chapter applies, the
contractor or subcontractor will deliver to the employee a
notice of the compensation required under paragraphs (1) and
(2), on a form prepared by the Federal agency, or will post a
notice of the required compensation in a prominent place at the
worksite.
(5) General schedule pay rates and prevailing rate systems.--
The contract and bid specification shall contain a statement of
the rates that would be paid by the Federal agency to each class
of service employee if section 5332 or 5341 of title 5 were
applicable to them. The Secretary shall give due consideration
to these rates in making the wage and fringe benefit
determinations specified in this section.

Sec. 6704. Limitation on minimum wage

(a) In General.--A contractor that makes a contract with the Federal
Government, the principal purpose of which is to furnish

[[Page 3814]]

services through the use of service employees, and any subcontractor,
may not pay less than the minimum wage specified under section 6(a)(1)
of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206(a)(1)) to an
employee engaged in performing work on the contract.
(b) Violations.--Sections 6705 to 6707(d) of this title are applicable
to a violation of this section.

Sec. 6705. Violations

(a) Liability of Responsible Party.--A party responsible for a
violation of a contract provision required under section 6703(1) or (2)
of this title or a violation of section 6704 of this title is liable for
an amount equal to the sum of any deduction, rebate, refund, or
underpayment of compensation due any employee engaged in the performance
of the contract.
(b) Recovery of Amounts Underpaid to Employees.--
(1) Withholding accrued payments due on contracts.--The total
amount determined under subsection (a) to be due any employee
engaged in the performance of a contract may be withheld from
accrued payments due on the contract or on any other contract
between the same contractor and the Federal Government. The
amount withheld shall be held in a deposit fund. On order of the
Secretary, the compensation found by the Secretary or the head
of a Federal agency to be due an underpaid employee pursuant to
this chapter shall be paid from the deposit fund directly to the
underpaid employee.
(2) Bringing actions against contractors.--If the accrued
payments withheld under the terms of the contract are
insufficient to reimburse a service employee with respect to
whom there has been a failure to pay the compensation required
pursuant to this chapter, the Federal Government may bring
action against the contractor, subcontractor, or any sureties in
any court of competent jurisdiction to recover the remaining
amount of underpayment. Any amount recovered shall be held in
the deposit fund and shall be paid, on order of the Secretary,
directly to the underpaid employee. Any amount not paid to an
employee because of inability to do so within 3 years shall be
covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

(c) Cancellation and Alternative Completion.--In addition to other
actions in accordance with this section, when a violation of any
contract stipulation is found, the Federal agency that made the contract
may cancel the contract on written notice to the original contractor.
The Federal Government may then make other contracts or arrangements for
the completion of the original contract, charging any additional cost to
the original contractor.
(d) Enforcement of Section.--In accordance with regulations prescribed
pursuant to section 6707(a)-(d) of this title, the Secretary or the head
of a Federal agency may carry out this section.

Sec. 6706. Three-year prohibition on new contracts in case of violation

(a) Distribution of List.--The Comptroller General shall distribute to
each agency of the Federal Government a list containing the names of
persons or firms that a Federal agency or the Secretary has found to
have violated this chapter.
(b) Three-Year Prohibition.--Unless the Secretary recommends otherwise
because of unusual circumstances, a Federal Government

[[Page 3815]]

contract may not be awarded to a person or firm named on the list under
subsection (a), or to an entity in which the person or firm has a
substantial interest, until 3 years have elapsed from the date of
publication of the list. If the Secretary does not recommend otherwise
because of unusual circumstances, the Secretary shall, not later than 90
days after a hearing examiner has made a finding of a violation of this
chapter, forward to the Comptroller General the name of the person or
firm found to have violated this chapter.

Sec. 6707. Enforcement and administration of chapter

(a) Enforcement of Chapter.--Sections 6506 and 6507 of this title
govern the Secretary's authority to enforce this chapter, including the
Secretary's authority to prescribe regulations, issue orders, hold
hearings, make decisions based on findings of fact, and take other
appropriate action under this chapter.
(b) Limitations and Regulations for Variations, Tolerances, and
Exemptions.--The Secretary may provide reasonable limitations and may
prescribe regulations allowing reasonable variation, tolerances, and
exemptions with respect to this chapter (other than subsection (f)), but
only in special circumstances where the Secretary determines that the
limitation, variation, tolerance, or exemption is necessary and proper
in the public interest or to avoid the serious impairment of Federal
Government business, and is in accord with the remedial purpose of this
chapter to protect prevailing labor standards.
(c) Preservation of Wages and Benefits Due Under Predecessor
Contracts.--
(1) In general.--Under a contract which succeeds a contract
subject to this chapter, and under which substantially the same
services are furnished, a contractor or subcontractor may not
pay a service employee less than the wages and fringe benefits
the service employee would have received under the predecessor
contract, including accrued wages and fringe benefits and any
prospective increases in wages and fringe benefits provided for
in a collective-bargaining agreement as a result of arm's-length
negotiations.
(2) Exception.--This subsection does not apply if the
Secretary finds after a hearing in accordance with regulations
adopted by the Secretary that wages and fringe benefits under
the predecessor contract are substantially at variance with
wages and fringe benefits prevailing in the same locality for
services of a similar character.

(d) Duration of Contracts.--Subject to limitations in annual
appropriation acts but notwithstanding any other law, a contract to
which this chapter applies may, if authorized by the Secretary, be for
any term of years not exceeding 5, if the contract provides for periodic
adjustment of wages and fringe benefits pursuant to future
determinations, issued in the manner prescribed in section 6703 of this
title at least once every 2 years during the term of the contract,
covering each class of service employee.
(e) Exclusion of Fringe Benefit Payments in Determining Overtime
Pay.--In determining any overtime pay to which a service employee is
entitled under Federal law, the regular or basic hourly rate of pay of
the service employee does not include any fringe benefit payments
computed under this chapter which are excluded from the definition of
``regular rate'' under section 7(e) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of
1938 (29 U.S.C. 207(e)).

[[Page 3816]]

(f) Timeliness of Wage and Fringe Benefit Determinations.--It is the
intent of Congress that determinations of minimum wages and fringe
benefits under section 6703(1) and (2) of this title should be made as
soon as administratively feasible for all contracts subject to this
chapter. In any event, the Secretary shall at least make the
determinations for contracts under which more than 5 service employees
are to be employed.

Subtitle III--Contract Disputes

Chapter                                                             Sec.
Contract Disputes                                       7101

CHAPTER 71--CONTRACT DISPUTES

Sec.
7101.  Definitions.
7102.  Applicability of chapter.
7103.  Decision by contracting officer.
7104.  Contractor's right of appeal from decision by contracting
officer.
7105.  Agency boards.
7106.  Agency board procedures for accelerated and small claims.
7107.  Judicial review of agency board decisions.
7108.  Payment of claims.
7109.  Interest.

Sec. 7101. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the
Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy appointed pursuant
to section 1102 of this title.
(2) Agency board or agency board of contract appeals.--The
term ``agency board'' or ``agency board of contract appeals''
means--
(A) the Armed Services Board;
(B) the Civilian Board;
(C) the board of contract appeals of the Tennessee
Valley Authority; or
(D) the Postal Service Board established under section
7105(d)(1) of this title.
(3) Agency head.--The term ``agency head'' means the head and
any assistant head of an executive agency. The term may include
the chief official of a principal division of an executive
agency if the head of the executive agency so designates that
chief official.
(4) Armed services board.--The term ``Armed Services Board''
means the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals established
under section 7105(a)(1) of this title.
(5) Civilian board.--The term ``Civilian Board'' means the
Civilian Board of Contract Appeals established under section
7105(b)(1) of this title.
(6) Contracting officer.--The term ``contracting officer''--
(A) means an individual who, by appointment in
accordance with applicable regulations, has the
authority to make and administer contracts and to make
determinations and findings with respect to contracts;
and
(B) includes an authorized representative of the
contracting officer, acting within the limits of the
representative's authority.

[[Page 3817]]

(7) Contractor.--The term ``contractor'' means a party to a
Federal Government contract other than the Federal Government.
(8) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' means--
(A) an executive department as defined in section 101
of title 5;
(B) a military department as defined in section 102 of
title 5;
(C) an independent establishment as defined in section
104 of title 5, except that the term does not include
the Government Accountability Office; and
(D) a wholly owned Government corporation as defined
in section 9101(3) of title 31.
(9) Misrepresentation of fact.--The term ``misrepresentation
of fact'' means a false statement of substantive fact, or
conduct that leads to a belief of a substantive fact material to
proper understanding of the matter in hand, made with intent to
deceive or mislead.

Sec. 7102. Applicability of chapter

(a) Executive Agency Contracts.--Unless otherwise specifically
provided in this chapter, this chapter applies to any express or implied
contract (including those of the nonappropriated fund activities
described in sections 1346 and 1491 of title 28) made by an executive
agency for--
(1) the procurement of property, other than real property in
being;
(2) the procurement of services;
(3) the procurement of construction, alteration, repair, or
maintenance of real property; or
(4) the disposal of personal property.

(b) Tennessee Valley Authority Contracts.--
(1) In general.--With respect to contracts of the Tennessee
Valley Authority, this chapter applies only to contracts
containing a clause that requires contract disputes to be
resolved through an agency administrative process.
(2) Exclusion.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this
chapter, this chapter does not apply to a contract of the
Tennessee Valley Authority for the sale of fertilizer or
electric power or related to the conduct or operation of the
electric power system.

(c) Foreign Government or International Organization Contracts.--If an
agency head determines that applying this chapter would not be in the
public interest, this chapter does not apply to a contract with a
foreign government, an agency of a foreign government, an international
organization, or a subsidiary body of an international organization.
(d) Maritime Contracts.--Appeals under section 7107(a) of this title
and actions brought under sections 7104(b) and 7107(b) to (f) of this
title, arising out of maritime contracts, are governed by chapter 309 or
311 of title 46, as applicable, to the extent that those chapters are
not inconsistent with this chapter.

Sec. 7103. Decision by contracting officer

(a) Claims Generally.--
(1) Submission of contractor's claims to contracting
officer.--Each claim by a contractor against the Federal

[[Page 3818]]

Government relating to a contract shall be submitted to the
contracting officer for a decision.
(2) Contractor's claims in writing.--Each claim by a
contractor against the Federal Government relating to a contract
shall be in writing.
(3) Contracting officer to decide federal government's
claims.--Each claim by the Federal Government against a
contractor relating to a contract shall be the subject of a
written decision by the contracting officer.
(4) Time for submitting claims.--
(A) In general.--Each claim by a contractor against
the Federal Government relating to a contract and each
claim by the Federal Government against a contractor
relating to a contract shall be submitted within 6 years
after the accrual of the claim.
(B) Exception.--Subparagraph (A) of this paragraph
does not apply to a claim by the Federal Government
against a contractor that is based on a claim by the
contractor involving fraud.
(5) Applicability.--The authority of this subsection and
subsections (c)(1), (d), and (e) does not extend to a claim or
dispute for penalties or forfeitures prescribed by statute or
regulation that another Federal agency is specifically
authorized to administer, settle, or determine.

(b) Certification of Claims.--
(1) Requirement generally.--For claims of more than $100,000
made by a contractor, the contractor shall certify that--
(A) the claim is made in good faith;
(B) the supporting data are accurate and complete to
the best of the contractor's knowledge and belief;
(C) the amount requested accurately reflects the
contract adjustment for which the contractor believes
the Federal Government is liable; and
(D) the certifier is authorized to certify the claim
on behalf of the contractor.
(2) Who may execute certification.--The certification required
by paragraph (1) may be executed by an individual authorized to
bind the contractor with respect to the claim.
(3) Failure to certify or defective certification.--A
contracting officer is not obligated to render a final decision
on a claim of more than $100,000 that is not certified in
accordance with paragraph (1) if, within 60 days after receipt
of the claim, the contracting officer notifies the contractor in
writing of the reasons why any attempted certification was found
to be defective. A defect in the certification of a claim does
not deprive a court or an agency board of jurisdiction over the
claim. Prior to the entry of a final judgment by a court or a
decision by an agency board, the court or agency board shall
require a defective certification to be corrected.

(c) Fraudulent Claims.--
(1) No authority to settle.--This section does not authorize
an agency head to settle, compromise, pay, or otherwise adjust
any claim involving fraud.
(2) Liability of contractor.--If a contractor is unable to
support any part of the contractor's claim and it is determined
that the inability is attributable to a misrepresentation of
fact or fraud by the contractor, then the contractor is liable
to

[[Page 3819]]

the Federal Government for an amount equal to the unsupported
part of the claim plus all of the Federal Government's costs
attributable to reviewing the unsupported part of the claim.
Liability under this paragraph shall be determined within 6
years of the commission of the misrepresentation of fact or
fraud.

(d) Issuance of Decision.--The contracting officer shall issue a
decision in writing and shall mail or otherwise furnish a copy of the
decision to the contractor.
(e) Contents of Decision.--The contracting officer's decision shall
state the reasons for the decision reached and shall inform the
contractor of the contractor's rights as provided in this chapter.
Specific findings of fact are not required. If made, specific findings
of fact are not binding in any subsequent proceeding.
(f) Time for Issuance of Decision.--
(1) Claim of $100,000 or less.--A contracting officer shall
issue a decision on any submitted claim of $100,000 or less
within 60 days from the contracting officer's receipt of a
written request from the contractor that a decision be rendered
within that period.
(2) Claim of more than $100,000.--A contracting officer shall,
within 60 days of receipt of a submitted certified claim over
$100,000--
(A) issue a decision; or
(B) notify the contractor of the time within which a
decision will be issued.
(3) General requirement of reasonableness.--The decision of a
contracting officer on submitted claims shall be issued within a
reasonable time, in accordance with regulations prescribed by
the agency, taking into account such factors as the size and
complexity of the claim and the adequacy of information in
support of the claim provided by the contractor.
(4) Requesting tribunal to direct issuance within specified
time period.--A contractor may request the tribunal concerned to
direct a contracting officer to issue a decision in a specified
period of time, as determined by the tribunal concerned, in the
event of undue delay on the part of the contracting officer.
(5) Failure to issue decision within required time period.--
Failure by a contracting officer to issue a decision on a claim
within the required time period is deemed to be a decision by
the contracting officer denying the claim and authorizes an
appeal or action on the claim as otherwise provided in this
chapter. However, the tribunal concerned may, at its option,
stay the proceedings of the appeal or action to obtain a
decision by the contracting officer.

(g) Finality of Decision Unless Appealed.--The contracting officer's
decision on a claim is final and conclusive and is not subject to review
by any forum, tribunal, or Federal Government agency, unless an appeal
or action is timely commenced as authorized by this chapter. This
chapter does not prohibit an executive agency from including a clause in
a Federal Government contract requiring that, pending final decision of
an appeal, action, or final settlement, a contractor shall proceed
diligently with performance of the contract in accordance with the
contracting officer's decision.
(h) Alternative Means of Dispute Resolution.--
(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this
chapter, a contractor and a contracting officer may use any

[[Page 3820]]

alternative means of dispute resolution under subchapter IV of
chapter 5 of title 5, or other mutually agreeable procedures,
for resolving claims. All provisions of subchapter IV of chapter
5 of title 5 apply to alternative means of dispute resolution
under this subsection.
(2) Certification of claim.--The contractor shall certify the
claim when required to do so under subsection (b)(1) or other
law.
(3) Rejecting request for alternative dispute resolution.--
(A) Contracting officer.--A contracting officer who
rejects a contractor's request for alternative dispute
resolution proceedings shall provide the contractor with
a written explanation, citing one or more of the
conditions in section 572(b) of title 5 or other
specific reasons that alternative dispute resolution
procedures are inappropriate.
(B) Contractor.--A contractor that rejects an agency's
request for alternative dispute resolution proceedings
shall inform the agency in writing of the contractor's
specific reasons for rejecting the request.

Sec. 7104. Contractor's right of appeal from decision by contracting
officer

(a) Appeal to Agency Board.--A contractor, within 90 days from the
date of receipt of a contracting officer's decision under section 7103
of this title, may appeal the decision to an agency board as provided in
section 7105 of this title.
(b) Bringing an Action De Novo in Federal Court.--
(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), and in
lieu of appealing the decision of a contracting officer under
section 7103 of this title to an agency board, a contractor may
bring an action directly on the claim in the United States Court
of Federal Claims, notwithstanding any contract provision,
regulation, or rule of law to the contrary.
(2) Tennessee valley authority.--In the case of an action
against the Tennessee Valley Authority, the contractor may only
bring an action directly on the claim in a district court of the
United States pursuant to section 1337 of title 28,
notwithstanding any contract provision, regulation, or rule of
law to the contrary.
(3) Time for filing.--A contractor shall file any action under
paragraph (1) or (2) within 12 months from the date of receipt
of a contracting officer's decision under section 7103 of this
title.
(4) De novo.--An action under paragraph (1) or (2) shall
proceed de novo in accordance with the rules of the appropriate
court.

Sec. 7105. Agency boards

(a) Armed Services Board.--
(1) Establishment.--An Armed Services Board of Contract
Appeals may be established within the Department of Defense when
the Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the
Administrator, determines from a workload study that the volume
of contract claims justifies the establishment of a full-time
agency board of at least 3 members who shall have no other
inconsistent duties. Workload studies will be updated at least
once every 3 years and submitted to the Administrator.

[[Page 3821]]

(2) Appointment of members and compensation.--Members of the
Armed Services Board shall be selected and appointed in the same
manner as administrative law judges appointed pursuant to
section 3105 of title 5, with an additional requirement that
members must have had at least 5 years of experience in public
contract law. The Secretary of Defense shall designate the
chairman and vice chairman of the Armed Services Board from
among the appointed members. Compensation for the chairman, vice
chairman, and other members shall be determined under section
5372a of title 5.

(b) Civilian Board.--
(1) Establishment.--There is established in the General
Services Administration the Civilian Board of Contract Appeals.
(2) Membership.--
(A) Eligibility.--The Civilian Board consists of
members appointed by the Administrator of General
Services (in consultation with the Administrator for
Federal Procurement Policy) from a register of
applicants maintained by the Administrator of General
Services, in accordance with rules issued by the
Administrator of General Services (in consultation with
the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy) for
establishing and maintaining a register of eligible
applicants and selecting Civilian Board members. The
Administrator of General Services shall appoint a member
without regard to political affiliation and solely on
the basis of the professional qualifications required to
perform the duties and responsibilities of a Civilian
Board member.
(B) Appointment of members and compensation.--Members
of the Civilian Board shall be selected and appointed to
serve in the same manner as administrative law judges
appointed pursuant to section 3105 of title 5, with an
additional requirement that members must have had at
least 5 years experience in public contract law.
Compensation for the members shall be determined under
section 5372a of title 5.
(3) Removal.--Members of the Civilian Board are subject to
removal in the same manner as administrative law judges, as
provided in section 7521 of title 5.
(4) Functions.--
(A) In general.--The Civilian Board has jurisdiction
as provided by subsection (e)(1)(B).
(B) Additional jurisdiction.--With the concurrence of
the Federal agencies affected, the Civilian Board may
assume--
(i) jurisdiction over any additional category of
laws or disputes over which an agency board of
contract appeals established pursuant to section 8
of the Contract Disputes Act exercised
jurisdiction before January 6, 2007; and
(ii) any other function the agency board
performed before January 6, 2007, on behalf of
those agencies.

(c) Tennessee Valley Authority Board.--
(1) Establishment.--The Board of Directors of the Tennessee
Valley Authority may establish a board of contract appeals of
the Tennessee Valley Authority of an indeterminate number of
members.

[[Page 3822]]

(2) Appointment of members and compensation.--The Board of
Directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority shall establish
criteria for the appointment of members to the agency board
established under paragraph (1), and shall designate a chairman
of the agency board. The chairman and other members of the
agency board shall receive compensation, at the daily equivalent
of the rates determined under section 5372a of title 5, for each
day they are engaged in the actual performance of their duties
as members of the agency board.

(d) Postal Service Board.--
(1) Establishment.--There is established an agency board of
contract appeals known as the Postal Service Board of Contract
Appeals.
(2) Appointment and service of members.--The Postal Service
Board of Contract Appeals consists of judges appointed by the
Postmaster General. The judges shall meet the qualifications of
and serve in the same manner as members of the Civilian Board.
(3) Application.--This chapter applies to contract disputes
before the Postal Service Board of Contract Appeals in the same
manner as it applies to contract disputes before the Civilian
Board.

(e) Jurisdiction.--
(1) In general.--
(A) Armed services board.--The Armed Services Board
has jurisdiction to decide any appeal from a decision of
a contracting officer of the Department of Defense, the
Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, the
Department of the Air Force, or the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration relative to a contract made by
that department or agency.
(B) Civilian board.--The Civilian Board has
jurisdiction to decide any appeal from a decision of a
contracting officer of any executive agency (other than
the Department of Defense, the Department of the Army,
the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Air
Force, the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration, the United States Postal Service, the
Postal Regulatory Commission, or the Tennessee Valley
Authority) relative to a contract made by that agency.
(C) Postal service board.--The Postal Service Board of
Contract Appeals has jurisdiction to decide any appeal
from a decision of a contracting officer of the United
States Postal Service or the Postal Regulatory
Commission relative to a contract made by either agency.
(D) Other agency boards.--Each other agency board has
jurisdiction to decide any appeal from a decision of a
contracting officer relative to a contract made by its
agency.
(2) Relief.--In exercising this jurisdiction, an agency board
may grant any relief that would be available to a litigant
asserting a contract claim in the United States Court of Federal
Claims.

(f) Subpoena, Discovery, and Deposition.--A member of an agency board
of contract appeals may administer oaths to witnesses, authorize
depositions and discovery proceedings, and require by subpoena the
attendance of witnesses, and production of books and papers, for the
taking of testimony or evidence by deposition

[[Page 3823]]

or in the hearing of an appeal by the agency board. In case of contumacy
or refusal to obey a subpoena by a person who resides, is found, or
transacts business within the jurisdiction of a United States district
court, the court, upon application of the agency board through the
Attorney General, or upon application by the board of contract appeals
of the Tennessee Valley Authority, shall have jurisdiction to issue the
person an order requiring the person to appear before the agency board
or a member of the agency board, to produce evidence or to give
testimony, or both. Any failure of the person to obey the order of the
court may be punished by the court as contempt of court.
(g) Decisions.--An agency board shall--
(1) to the fullest extent practicable provide informal,
expeditious, and inexpensive resolution of disputes;
(2) issue a decision in writing or take other appropriate
action on each appeal submitted; and
(3) mail or otherwise furnish a copy of the decision to the
contractor and the contracting officer.

Sec. 7106. Agency board procedures for accelerated and small claims

(a) Accelerated Procedure Where $100,000 or Less in Dispute.--The
rules of each agency board shall include a procedure for the accelerated
disposition of any appeal from a decision of a contracting officer where
the amount in dispute is $100,000 or less. The accelerated procedure is
applicable at the sole election of the contractor. An appeal under the
accelerated procedure shall be resolved, whenever possible, within 180
days from the date the contractor elects to use the procedure.
(b) Small Claims Procedure.--
(1) In general.--The rules of each agency board shall include
a procedure for the expedited disposition of any appeal from a
decision of a contracting officer where the amount in dispute is
$50,000 or less, or in the case of a small business concern (as
defined in the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.) and
regulations under that Act), $150,000 or less. The small claims
procedure is applicable at the sole election of the contractor.
(2) Simplified rules of procedure.--The small claims procedure
shall provide for simplified rules of procedure to facilitate
the decision of any appeal. An appeal under the small claims
procedure may be decided by a single member of the agency board
with such concurrences as may be provided by rule or regulation.
(3) Time of decision.--An appeal under the small claims
procedure shall be resolved, whenever possible, within 120 days
from the date the contractor elects to use the procedure.
(4) Finality of decision.--A decision against the Federal
Government or against the contractor reached under the small
claims procedure is final and conclusive and may not be set
aside except in cases of fraud.
(5) No precedent.--Administrative determinations and final
decisions under this subsection have no value as precedent for
future cases under this chapter.
(6) Review of requisite amounts in controversy.--The
Administrator, from time to time, may review the dollar amounts
specified in paragraph (1) and adjust the amounts

[[Page 3824]]

in accordance with economic indexes selected by the
Administrator.

Sec. 7107. Judicial review of agency board decisions

(a) Review.--
(1) In general.--The decision of an agency board is final,
except that--
(A) a contractor may appeal the decision to the United
States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit within
120 days from the date the contractor receives a copy of
the decision; or
(B) if an agency head determines that an appeal should
be taken, the agency head, with the prior approval of
the Attorney General, may transmit the decision to the
United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
for judicial review under section 1295 of title 28,
within 120 days from the date the agency receives a copy
of the decision.
(2) Tennessee valley authority.--Notwithstanding paragraph
(1), a decision of the board of contract appeals of the
Tennessee Valley Authority is final, except that--
(A) a contractor may appeal the decision to a United
States district court pursuant to section 1337 of title
28, within 120 days from the date the contractor
receives a copy of the decision; or
(B) the Tennessee Valley Authority may appeal the
decision to a United States district court pursuant to
section 1337 of title 28, within 120 days from the date
of the decision.
(3) Review of arbitration.--An award by an arbitrator under
this chapter shall be reviewed pursuant to sections 9 to 13 of
title 9, except that the court may set aside or limit any award
that is found to violate limitations imposed by Federal statute.

(b) Finality of Agency Board Decisions on Questions of Law and Fact.--
Notwithstanding any contract provision, regulation, or rule of law to
the contrary, in an appeal by a contractor or the Federal Government
from the decision of an agency board pursuant to subsection (a)--
(1) the decision of the agency board on a question of law is
not final or conclusive; but
(2) the decision of the agency board on a question of fact is
final and conclusive and may not be set aside unless the
decision is--
(A) fraudulent, arbitrary, or capricious;
(B) so grossly erroneous as to necessarily imply bad
faith; or
(C) not supported by substantial evidence.

(c) Remand.--In an appeal by a contractor or the Federal Government
from the decision of an agency board pursuant to subsection (a), the
court may render an opinion and judgment and remand the case for further
action by the agency board or by the executive agency as appropriate,
with direction the court considers just and proper.
(d) Consolidation.--If 2 or more actions arising from one contract are
filed in the United States Court of Federal Claims and one or more
agency boards, for the convenience of parties or witnesses or in the
interest of justice, the United States Court of

[[Page 3825]]

Federal Claims may order the consolidation of the actions in that court
or transfer any actions to or among the agency boards involved.
(e) Judgments as to Fewer Than All Claims or Parties.--In an action
filed pursuant to this chapter involving 2 or more claims,
counterclaims, cross-claims, or third-party claims, and where a portion
of one of the claims can be divided for purposes of decision or
judgment, and in any action where multiple parties are involved, the
court, whenever appropriate, may enter a judgment as to one or more but
fewer than all of the claims or portions of claims or parties.
(f) Advisory Opinions.--
(1) In general.--Whenever an action involving an issue
described in paragraph (2) is pending in a district court of the
United States, the district court may request an agency board to
provide the court with an advisory opinion on the matters of
contract interpretation under consideration.
(2) Applicable issue.--An issue referred to in paragraph (1)
is any issue that could be the proper subject of a final
decision of a contracting officer appealable under this chapter.
(3) Referral to agency board with jurisdiction.--A district
court shall direct a request under paragraph (1) to the agency
board having jurisdiction under this chapter to adjudicate
appeals of contract claims under the contract being interpreted
by the court.
(4) Timely response.--After receiving a request for an
advisory opinion under paragraph (1), an agency board shall
provide the advisory opinion in a timely manner to the district
court making the request.

Sec. 7108. Payment of claims

(a) Judgments.--Any judgment against the Federal Government on a claim
under this chapter shall be paid promptly in accordance with the
procedures provided by section 1304 of title 31.
(b) Monetary Awards.--Any monetary award to a contractor by an agency
board shall be paid promptly in accordance with the procedures contained
in subsection (a).
(c) Reimbursement.--Payments made pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)
shall be reimbursed to the fund provided by section 1304 of title 31 by
the agency whose appropriations were used for the contract out of
available amounts or by obtaining additional appropriations for purposes
of reimbursement.
(d) Tennessee Valley Authority.--
(1) Judgments.--Notwithstanding subsections (a) to (c), any
judgment against the Tennessee Valley Authority on a claim under
this chapter shall be paid promptly in accordance with section
9(b) of the Tennessee Valley Authority Act of 1933 (16 U.S.C.
831h(b)).
(2) Monetary awards.--Notwithstanding subsections (a) to (c),
any monetary award to a contractor by the board of contract
appeals of the Tennessee Valley Authority shall be paid in
accordance with section 9(b) of the Tennessee Valley Authority
Act of 1933 (16 U.S.C. 831h(b)).

Sec. 7109. Interest

(a) Period.--
(1) In general.--Interest on an amount found due a contractor
on a claim shall be paid to the contractor for the

[[Page 3826]]

period beginning with the date the contracting officer receives
the contractor's claim, pursuant to section 7103(a) of this
title, until the date of payment of the claim.
(2) Defective certification.--On a claim for which the
certification under section 7103(b)(1) of this title is found to
be defective, any interest due under this section shall be paid
for the period beginning with the date the contracting officer
initially receives the contractor's claim until the date of
payment of the claim.

(b) Rate.--Interest shall accrue and be paid at a rate which the
Secretary of the Treasury shall specify as applicable for each
successive 6-month period. The rate shall be determined by the Secretary
of the Treasury taking into consideration current private commercial
rates of interest for new loans maturing in approximately 5 years.

Subtitle IV--Miscellaneous

Chapter                                                             Sec.
Drug-Free Workplace                                     8101
Buy American                                            8301
Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or     8501
Severely Disabled
Kickbacks                                               8701

CHAPTER 81--DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

Sec.
8101.  Definitions and construction.
8102.  Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal contractors.
8103.  Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal grant recipients.
8104.  Employee sanctions and remedies.
8105.  Waiver.
8106.  Regulations.

Sec. 8101. Definitions and construction

(a) Definitions.--In this chapter:
(1) Contractor.--The term ``contractor'' means the department,
division, or other unit of a person responsible for the
performance under the contract.
(2) Controlled substance.--The term ``controlled substance''
means a controlled substance in schedules I through V of section
202 of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 812).
(3) Conviction.--The term ``conviction'' means a finding of
guilt (including a plea of nolo contendere), an imposition of
sentence, or both, by a judicial body charged with the
responsibility to determine violations of Federal or State
criminal drug statutes.
(4) Criminal drug statute.--The term ``criminal drug statute''
means a criminal statute involving manufacture, distribution,
dispensation, use, or possession of a controlled substance.
(5) Drug-free workplace.--The term ``drug-free workplace''
means a site of an entity--
(A) for the performance of work done in connection
with a specific contract or grant described in section
8102 or 8103 of this title; and
(B) at which employees of the entity are prohibited
from engaging in the unlawful manufacture, distribution,
dispensation, possession, or use of a controlled
substance in

[[Page 3827]]

accordance with the requirements of the Anti-Drug Abuse
Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-690, 102 Stat. 4181).
(6) Employee.--The term ``employee'' means the employee of a
contractor or grantee directly engaged in the performance of
work pursuant to the contract or grant described in section 8102
or 8103 of this title.
(7) Federal agency.--The term ``Federal agency'' means an
agency as defined in section 552(f) of title 5.
(8) Grantee.--The term ``grantee'' means the department,
division, or other unit of a person responsible for the
performance under the grant.

(b) Construction.--This chapter does not require law enforcement
agencies to comply with this chapter if the head of the agency
determines it would be inappropriate in connection with the agency's
undercover operations.

Sec. 8102. Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal contractors

(a) In General.--
(1) Persons other than individuals.--A person other than an
individual shall not be considered a responsible source (as
defined in section 113 of this title) for the purposes of being
awarded a contract for the procurement of any property or
services of a value greater than the simplified acquisition
threshold (as defined in section 134 of this title) by a Federal
agency, other than a contract for the procurement of commercial
items (as defined in section 103 of this title), unless the
person agrees to provide a drug-free workplace by--
(A) publishing a statement notifying employees that
the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation,
possession, or use of a controlled substance is
prohibited in the person's workplace and specifying the
actions that will be taken against employees for
violations of the prohibition;
(B) establishing a drug-free awareness program to
inform employees about--
(i) the dangers of drug abuse in the workplace;
(ii) the person's policy of maintaining a drug-
free workplace;
(iii) available drug counseling, rehabilitation,
and employee assistance programs; and
(iv) the penalties that may be imposed on
employees for drug abuse violations;
(C) making it a requirement that each employee to be
engaged in the performance of the contract be given a
copy of the statement required by subparagraph (A);
(D) notifying the employee in the statement required
by subparagraph (A) that as a condition of employment on
the contract the employee will--
(i) abide by the terms of the statement; and
(ii) notify the employer of any criminal drug
statute conviction for a violation occurring in
the workplace no later than 5 days after the
conviction;
(E) notifying the contracting agency within 10 days
after receiving notice under subparagraph (D)(ii) from
an employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of a
conviction;
(F) imposing a sanction on, or requiring the
satisfactory participation in a drug abuse assistance or
rehabilitation

[[Page 3828]]

program by, any employee who is convicted, as required
by section 8104 of this title; and
(G) making a good faith effort to continue to maintain
a drug-free workplace through implementation of
subparagraphs (A) to (F).
(2) Individuals.--A Federal agency shall not make a contract
with an individual unless the individual agrees not to engage in
the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation,
possession, or use of a controlled substance in the performance
of the contract.

(b) Suspension, Termination, or Debarment of Contractor.--
(1) Grounds for suspension, termination, or debarment.--
Payment under a contract awarded by a Federal agency may be
suspended and the contract may be terminated, and the contractor
or individual who made the contract with the agency may be
suspended or debarred in accordance with the requirements of
this section, if the head of the agency determines that--
(A) the contractor is violating, or has violated, the
requirements of subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), or
(F) of subsection (a)(1); or
(B) the number of employees of the contractor who have
been convicted of violations of criminal drug statutes
for violations occurring in the workplace indicates that
the contractor has failed to make a good faith effort to
provide a drug-free workplace as required by subsection
(a).
(2) Conduct of suspension, termination, and debarment
proceedings.--A contracting officer who determines in writing
that cause for suspension of payments, termination, or
suspension or debarment exists shall initiate an appropriate
action, to be conducted by the agency concerned in accordance
with the Federal Acquisition Regulation and applicable agency
procedures. The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall be revised
to include rules for conducting suspension and debarment
proceedings under this subsection, including rules providing
notice, opportunity to respond in writing or in person, and
other procedures as may be necessary to provide a full and fair
proceeding to a contractor or individual.
(3) Effect of debarment.--A contractor or individual debarred
by a final decision under this subsection is ineligible for
award of a contract by a Federal agency, and for participation
in a future procurement by a Federal agency, for a period
specified in the decision, not to exceed 5 years.

Sec. 8103. Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal grant recipients

(a) In General.--
(1) Persons other than individuals.--A person other than an
individual shall not receive a grant from a Federal agency
unless the person agrees to provide a drug-free workplace by--
(A) publishing a statement notifying employees that
the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation,
possession, or use of a controlled substance is
prohibited in the grantee's workplace and specifying the
actions that will be taken against employees for
violations of the prohibition;
(B) establishing a drug-free awareness program to
inform employees about--
(i) the dangers of drug abuse in the workplace;

[[Page 3829]]

(ii) the grantee's policy of maintaining a drug-
free workplace;
(iii) available drug counseling, rehabilitation,
and employee assistance programs; and
(iv) the penalties that may be imposed on
employees for drug abuse violations;
(C) making it a requirement that each employee to be
engaged in the performance of the grant be given a copy
of the statement required by subparagraph (A);
(D) notifying the employee in the statement required
by subparagraph (A) that as a condition of employment in
the grant the employee will--
(i) abide by the terms of the statement; and
(ii) notify the employer of any criminal drug
statute conviction for a violation occurring in
the workplace no later than 5 days after the
conviction;
(E) notifying the granting agency within 10 days after
receiving notice under subparagraph (D)(ii) from an
employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of a
conviction;
(F) imposing a sanction on, or requiring the
satisfactory participation in a drug abuse assistance or
rehabilitation program by, any employee who is
convicted, as required by section 8104 of this title;
and
(G) making a good faith effort to continue to maintain
a drug-free workplace through implementation of
subparagraphs (A) to (F).
(2) Individuals.--A Federal agency shall not make a grant to
an individual unless the individual agrees not to engage in the
unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or
use of a controlled substance in conducting an activity with the
grant.

(b) Suspension, Termination, or Debarment of Grantee.--
(1) Grounds for suspension, termination, or debarment.--
Payment under a grant awarded by a Federal agency may be
suspended and the grant may be terminated, and the grantee may
be suspended or debarred, in accordance with the requirements of
this section, if the head of the agency or the official designee
of the head of the agency determines in writing that--
(A) the grantee is violating, or has violated, the
requirements of subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), (E),
(F), or (G) of subsection (a)(1); or
(B) the number of employees of the grantee who have
been convicted of violations of criminal drug statutes
for violations occurring in the workplace indicates that
the grantee has failed to make a good faith effort to
provide a drug-free workplace as required by subsection
(a)(1).
(2) Conduct of suspension, termination, and debarment
proceedings.--A suspension of payments, termination, or
suspension or debarment proceeding subject to this subsection
shall be conducted in accordance with applicable law, including
Executive Order 12549 or any superseding executive order and any
regulations prescribed to implement the law or executive order.
(3) Effect of debarment.--A grantee debarred by a final
decision under this subsection is ineligible for award of a
grant by a Federal agency, and for participation in a future
grant

[[Page 3830]]

by a Federal agency, for a period specified in the decision, not
to exceed 5 years.

Sec. 8104. Employee sanctions and remedies

Within 30 days after receiving notice from an employee of a conviction
pursuant to section 8102(a)(1)(D)(ii) or 8103(a)(1)(D)(ii) of this
title, a contractor or grantee shall--
(1) take appropriate personnel action against the employee, up
to and including termination; or
(2) require the employee to satisfactorily participate in a
drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for
those purposes by a Federal, State, or local health, law
enforcement, or other appropriate agency.

Sec. 8105. Waiver

(a) In General.--The head of an agency may waive a suspension of
payments, termination of the contract or grant, or suspension or
debarment of a contractor or grantee under this chapter with respect to
a particular contract or grant if--
(1) in the case of a contract, the head of the agency
determines under section 8102(b)(1) of this title, after a final
determination is issued under section 8102(b)(1), that
suspension of payments, termination of the contract, suspension
or debarment of the contractor, or refusal to permit a person to
be treated as a responsible source for a contract would severely
disrupt the operation of the agency to the detriment of the
Federal Government or the general public; or
(2) in the case of a grant, the head of the agency determines
that suspension of payments, termination of the grant, or
suspension or debarment of the grantee would not be in the
public interest.

(b) Waiver Authority May Not Be Delegated.--The authority of the head
of an agency under this section to waive a suspension, termination, or
debarment shall not be delegated.

Sec. 8106. Regulations

Government-wide regulations governing actions under this chapter shall
be issued pursuant to division B of subtitle I of this title.

CHAPTER 83--BUY AMERICAN

Sec.
8301.  Definitions.
8302.  American materials required for public use.
8303.  Contracts for public works.
8304.  Waiver rescission.
8305.  Annual report.

Sec. 8301. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Public building, public use, and public work.--The terms
``public building'', ``public use'', and ``public work'' mean a
public building of, use by, and a public work of, the Federal
Government, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American
Samoa, and the Virgin Islands.
(2) United states.--The term ``United States'' includes any
place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

[[Page 3831]]

Sec. 8302. American materials required for public use

(a) In General.--
(1) Allowable materials.--Only unmanufactured articles,
materials, and supplies that have been mined or produced in the
United States, and only manufactured articles, materials, and
supplies that have been manufactured in the United States
substantially all from articles, materials, or supplies mined,
produced, or manufactured in the United States, shall be
acquired for public use unless the head of the department or
independent establishment concerned determines their acquisition
to be inconsistent with the public interest or their cost to be
unreasonable.
(2) Exceptions.--This section does not apply--
(A) to articles, materials, or supplies for use
outside the United States;
(B) if articles, materials, or supplies of the class
or kind to be used, or the articles, materials, or
supplies from which they are manufactured, are not
mined, produced, or manufactured in the United States in
sufficient and reasonably available commercial
quantities and are not of a satisfactory quality; and
(C) to manufactured articles, materials, or supplies
procured under any contract with an award value that is
not more than the micro-purchase threshold under section
1902 of this title.

(b) Reports.--
(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the end of each
of fiscal years 2009 through 2011, the head of each Federal
agency shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and
Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on
Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives
a report on the amount of the acquisitions made by the agency in
that fiscal year of articles, materials, or supplies purchased
from entities that manufacture the articles, materials, or
supplies outside of the United States.
(2) Contents of report.--The report required by paragraph (1)
shall separately include, for the fiscal year covered by the
report--
(A) the dollar value of any articles, materials, or
supplies that were manufactured outside the United
States;
(B) an itemized list of all waivers granted with
respect to the articles, materials, or supplies under
this chapter, and a citation to the treaty,
international agreement, or other law under which each
waiver was granted;
(C) if any articles, materials, or supplies were
acquired from entities that manufacture articles,
materials, or supplies outside the United States, the
specific exception under this section that was used to
purchase the articles, materials, or supplies; and
(D) a summary of--
(i) the total procurement funds expended on
articles, materials, and supplies manufactured
inside the United States; and
(ii) the total procurement funds expended on
articles, materials, and supplies manufactured
outside the United States.

[[Page 3832]]

(3) Public availability.--The head of each Federal agency
submitting a report under paragraph (1) shall make the report
publicly available to the maximum extent practicable.
(4) Exception for intelligence community.--This subsection
shall not apply to acquisitions made by an agency, or component
of an agency, that is an element of the intelligence community
as specified in, or designated under, section 3 of the National
Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a).

Sec. 8303. Contracts for public works

(a) In General.--Every contract for the construction, alteration, or
repair of any public building or public work in the United States shall
contain a provision that in the performance of the work the contractor,
subcontractors, material men, or suppliers shall use only--
(1) unmanufactured articles, materials, and supplies that have
been mined or produced in the United States; and
(2) manufactured articles, materials, and supplies that have
been manufactured in the United States substantially all from
articles, materials, or supplies mined, produced, or
manufactured in the United States.

(b) Exceptions.--
(1) In general.--This section does not apply--
(A) to articles, materials, or supplies for use
outside the United States;
(B) if articles, materials, or supplies of the class
or kind to be used, or the articles, materials, or
supplies from which they are manufactured, are not
mined, produced, or manufactured in the United States in
sufficient and reasonably available commercial
quantities and are not of a satisfactory quality; and
(C) to manufactured articles, materials, or supplies
procured under any contract with an award value that is
not more than the micro-purchase threshold under section
1902 of this title.
(2) Particular article, material, or supply.--If the head of
the department or independent establishment making the contract
finds that it is impracticable to comply with subsection (a) for
a particular article, material, or supply or that it would
unreasonably increase the cost, an exception shall be noted in
the specifications for that article, material, or supply and a
public record of the findings that justified the exception shall
be made.
(3) Inconsistent with public interest.--Subsection (a) shall
be regarded as requiring the purchase, for public use within the
United States, of articles, materials, or supplies manufactured
in the United States in sufficient and reasonably available
commercial quantities and of a satisfactory quality, unless the
head of the department or independent establishment concerned
determines their purchase to be inconsistent with the public
interest or their cost to be unreasonable.

(c) Results of Failure To Comply.--If the head of a department,
bureau, agency, or independent establishment that has made a contract
containing the provision required by subsection (a) finds that there has
been a failure to comply with the provision in the performance of the
contract, the head of the department, bureau, agency, or independent
establishment shall make the findings

[[Page 3833]]

public. The findings shall include the name of the contractor obligated
under the contract. The contractor, and any subcontractor, material man,
or supplier associated or affiliated with the contractor, shall not be
awarded another contract for the construction, alteration, or repair of
any public building or public work for 3 years after the findings are
made public.

Sec. 8304. Waiver rescission

(a) Type of Agreement.--An agreement referred to in subsection (b) is
a reciprocal defense procurement memorandum of understanding between the
United States and a foreign country pursuant to which the Secretary of
Defense has prospectively waived this chapter for certain products in
that country.
(b) Determination by Secretary of Defense.--If the Secretary of
Defense, after consultation with the United States Trade Representative,
determines that a foreign country that is party to an agreement
described in subsection (a) has violated the agreement by discriminating
against certain types of products produced in the United States that are
covered by the agreement, the Secretary of Defense shall rescind the
Secretary's blanket waiver of this chapter with respect to those types
of products produced in that country.

Sec. 8305. Annual report

Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year, the
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the amount of
purchases by the Department of Defense from foreign entities in that
fiscal year. The report shall separately indicate the dollar value of
items for which this chapter was waived pursuant to--
(1) a reciprocal defense procurement memorandum of
understanding described in section 8304(a) of this title;
(2) the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C. 2501 et seq.);
or
(3) an international agreement to which the United States is a
party.

CHAPTER 85--COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY
DISABLED

Sec.
8501.  Definitions.
8502.  Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely
Disabled.
8503.  Duties and powers of the Committee.
8504.  Procurement requirements for the Federal Government.
8505.  Audit.
8506.  Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 8501. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Blind.--The term ``blind'' refers to an individual or
class of individuals whose central visual acuity does not exceed
20/200 in the better eye with correcting lenses or whose visual
acuity, if better than 20/200, is accompanied by a limit to the
field of vision in the better eye to such a degree that its
widest diameter subtends an angle of no greater than 20 degrees.
(2) Committee.--The term ``Committee'' means the Committee for
Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled
established under section 8502 of this title.

[[Page 3834]]

(3) Direct labor.--The term ``direct labor''--
(A) includes all work required for preparation,
processing, and packing of a product, or work directly
relating to the performance of a service; but
(B) does not include supervision, administration,
inspection, or shipping.
(4) Entity of the federal government and federal government.--
The terms ``entity of the Federal Government'' and ``Federal
Government'' include an entity of the legislative or judicial
branch, a military department or executive agency (as defined in
sections 102 and 105 of title 5, respectively), the United
States Postal Service, and a nonappropriated fund
instrumentality under the jurisdiction of the Armed Forces.
(5) Other severely disabled.--The term ``other severely
disabled'' means an individual or class of individuals under a
physical or mental disability, other than blindness, which
(according to criteria established by the Committee after
consultation with appropriate entities of the Federal Government
and taking into account the views of non-Federal Government
entities representing the disabled) constitutes a substantial
handicap to employment and is of a nature that prevents the
individual from currently engaging in normal competitive
employment.
(6) Qualified nonprofit agency for other severely disabled.--
The term ``qualified nonprofit agency for other severely
disabled'' means an agency--
(A)(i) organized under the laws of the United States
or a State;
(ii) operated in the interest of severely disabled
individuals who are not blind; and
(iii) of which no part of the net income of the agency
inures to the benefit of a shareholder or other
individual;
(B) that complies with any applicable occupational
health and safety standard prescribed by the Secretary
of Labor; and
(C) that in the production of products and in the
provision of services (whether or not the products or
services are procured under this chapter) during the
fiscal year employs blind or other severely disabled
individuals for at least 75 percent of the hours of
direct labor required for the production or provision of
the products or services.
(7) Qualified nonprofit agency for the blind.--The term
``qualified nonprofit agency for the blind'' means an agency--
(A)(i) organized under the laws of the United States
or a State;
(ii) operated in the interest of blind individuals;
and
(iii) of which no part of the net income of the agency
inures to the benefit of a shareholder or other
individual;
(B) that complies with any applicable occupational
health and safety standard prescribed by the Secretary
of Labor; and
(C) that in the production of products and in the
provision of services (whether or not the products or
services are procured under this chapter) during the
fiscal year employs blind individuals for at least 75
percent of the hours of direct labor required for the
production or provision of the products or services.

[[Page 3835]]

(8) Severely disabled individual.--The term ``severely
disabled individual'' means an individual or class of
individuals under a physical or mental disability, other than
blindness, which (according to criteria established by the
Committee after consultation with appropriate entities of the
Federal Government and taking into account the views of non-
Federal Government entities representing the disabled)
constitutes a substantial handicap to employment and is of a
nature that prevents the individual from currently engaging in
normal competitive employment.
(9) State.--The term ``State'' includes the District of
Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa,
and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Sec. 8502. Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely
Disabled

(a) Establishment.--There is a Committee for Purchase From People Who
Are Blind or Severely Disabled.
(b) Composition.--The Committee consists of 15 members appointed by
the President as follows:
(1) One officer or employee from each of the following,
nominated by the head of the department or agency:
(A) The Department of Agriculture.
(B) The Department of Defense.
(C) The Department of the Army.
(D) The Department of the Navy.
(E) The Department of the Air Force.
(F) The Department of Education.
(G) The Department of Commerce.
(H) The Department of Veterans Affairs.
(I) The Department of Justice.
(J) The Department of Labor.
(K) The General Services Administration.
(2) One member from individuals who are not officers or
employees of the Federal Government and who are conversant with
the problems incident to the employment of the blind.
(3) One member from individuals who are not officers or
employees of the Federal Government and who are conversant with
the problems incident to the employment of other severely
disabled individuals.
(4) One member from individuals who are not officers or
employees of the Federal Government and who represent blind
individuals employed in qualified nonprofit agencies for the
blind.
(5) One member from individuals who are not officers or
employees of the Federal Government and who represent severely
disabled individuals (other than blind individuals) employed in
qualified nonprofit agencies for other severely disabled
individuals.

(c) Terms of Office.--Members appointed under paragraph (2), (3), (4),
or (5) of subsection (b) shall be appointed for terms of 5 years and may
be reappointed if the member meets the qualifications prescribed by
those paragraphs.
(d) Chairman.--The members of the Committee shall elect one of the
members to be Chairman.
(e) Vacancy.--

[[Page 3836]]

(1) Manner in which filled.--A vacancy in the membership of
the Committee shall be filled in the manner in which the
original appointment was made.
(2) Unfulfilled term.--A member appointed under paragraph (2),
(3), (4), or (5) of subsection (b) to fill a vacancy occurring
prior to the expiration of the term for which the predecessor
was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of the
term. The member may serve after the expiration of a term until
a successor takes office.

(f) Pay and Travel Expenses.--
(1) Amount to which members are entitled.--Except as provided
in paragraph (2), members of the Committee are entitled to
receive the daily equivalent of the maximum annual rate of basic
pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule for each day
(including travel-time) during which they perform services for
the Committee. A member is entitled to travel expenses,
including a per diem allowance instead of subsistence, as
provided under section 5703 of title 5.
(2) Officers or employees of the federal government.--Members
who are officers or employees of the Federal Government may not
receive additional pay because of their service on the
Committee.

(g) Staff.--
(1) Appointment and compensation.--Subject to rules the
Committee may adopt and to chapters 33 and 51 and subchapter III
of chapter 53 of title 5, the Chairman may appoint and fix the
pay of personnel the Committee determines are necessary to
assist it in carrying out this chapter.
(2) Personnel from other entities.--On request of the
Committee, the head of an entity of the Federal Government may
detail, on a reimbursable basis, any personnel of the entity to
the Committee to assist it in carrying out this chapter.

(h) Obtaining Official Information.--The Committee may secure directly
from an entity of the Federal Government information necessary to enable
it to carry out this chapter. On request of the Chairman, the head of
the entity shall furnish the information to the Committee.
(i) Administrative Support Services.--The Administrator of General
Services shall provide to the Committee, on a reimbursable basis,
administrative support services the Committee requests.
(j) Annual Report.--Not later than December 31 of each year, the
Committee shall transmit to the President a report that includes the
names of the Committee members serving in the prior fiscal year, the
dates of Committee meetings in that year, a description of the
activities of the Committee under this chapter in that year, and any
recommendations for changes in this chapter which the Committee
determines are necessary.

Sec. 8503. Duties and powers of the Committee

(a) Procurement List.--
(1) Maintenance of list.--The Committee shall maintain and
publish in the Federal Register a procurement list. The list
shall include the following products and services determined by
the Committee to be suitable for the Federal Government to
procure pursuant to this chapter:
(A) Products produced by a qualified nonprofit agency
for the blind or by a qualified nonprofit agency for
other severely disabled.

[[Page 3837]]

(B) The services those agencies provide.
(2) Changes to list.--The Committee may, by rule made in
accordance with the requirements of section 553(b) to (e) of
title 5, add to and remove from the procurement list products so
produced and services so provided.

(b) Fair Market Price.--The Committee shall determine the fair market
price of products and services contained on the procurement list that
are offered for sale to the Federal Government by a qualified nonprofit
agency for the blind or a qualified nonprofit agency for other severely
disabled. The Committee from time to time shall revise its price
determinations with respect to those products and services in accordance
with changing market conditions.
(c) Central Nonprofit Agency or Agencies.--The Committee shall
designate a central nonprofit agency or agencies to facilitate the
distribution, by direct allocation, subcontract, or any other means, of
orders of the Federal Government for products and services on the
procurement list among qualified nonprofit agencies for the blind or
qualified nonprofit agencies for other severely disabled.
(d) Regulations.--The Committee--
(1) may prescribe regulations regarding specifications for
products and services on the procurement list, the time of their
delivery, and other matters as necessary to carry out this
chapter; and
(2) shall prescribe regulations providing that when the
Federal Government purchases products produced and offered for
sale by qualified nonprofit agencies for the blind or qualified
nonprofit agencies for other severely disabled, priority shall
be given to products produced and offered for sale by qualified
nonprofit agencies for the blind.

(e) Study and Evaluation of Activities.--The Committee shall make a
continuing study and evaluation of its activities under this chapter to
ensure effective and efficient administration of this chapter. The
Committee on its own or in cooperation with other public or nonprofit
private agencies may study--
(1) problems related to the employment of the blind and other
severely disabled individuals; and
(2) the development and adaptation of production methods that
would enable a greater utilization of the blind and other
severely disabled individuals.

Sec. 8504. Procurement requirements for the Federal Government

(a) In General.--An entity of the Federal Government intending to
procure a product or service on the procurement list referred to in
section 8503 of this title shall procure the product or service from a
qualified nonprofit agency for the blind or a qualified nonprofit agency
for other severely disabled in accordance with regulations of the
Committee and at the price the Committee establishes if the product or
service is available within the period required by the entity.
(b) Exception.--This section does not apply to the procurement of a
product that is available from an industry established under chapter 307
of title 18 and that is required under section 4124 of title 18 to be
procured from that industry.

[[Page 3838]]

Sec. 8505. Audit

For the purpose of audit and examination, the Comptroller General
shall have access to the books, documents, papers, and other records
of--
(1) the Committee and of each central nonprofit agency the
Committee designates under section 8503(c) of this title; and
(2) qualified nonprofit agencies for the blind and qualified
nonprofit agencies for other severely disabled that have sold
products or services under this chapter to the extent those
books, documents, papers, and other records relate to the
activities of the agency in a fiscal year in which a sale was
made under this chapter.

Sec. 8506. Authorization of appropriations

Necessary amounts may be appropriated to the Committee to carry out
this chapter.

CHAPTER 87--KICKBACKS

Sec.
8701.  Definitions.
8702.  Prohibited conduct.
8703.  Contractor responsibilities.
8704.  Inspection authority.
8705.  Administrative offsets.
8706.  Civil actions.
8707.  Criminal penalties.

Sec. 8701. Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Contracting agency.--The term ``contracting agency'', when
used with respect to a prime contractor, means a department,
agency, or establishment of the Federal Government that enters
into a prime contract with a prime contractor.
(2) Kickback.--The term ``kickback'' means any money, fee,
commission, credit, gift, gratuity, thing of value, or
compensation of any kind that is provided to a prime contractor,
prime contractor employee, subcontractor, or subcontractor
employee to improperly obtain or reward favorable treatment in
connection with a prime contract or a subcontract relating to a
prime contract.
(3) Person.--The term ``person'' means a corporation,
partnership, business association of any kind, trust, joint-
stock company, or individual.
(4) Prime contract.--The term ``prime contract'' means a
contract or contractual action entered into by the Federal
Government to obtain supplies, materials, equipment, or services
of any kind.
(5) Prime contractor.--The term ``prime contractor'' means a
person that has entered into a prime contract with the Federal
Government.
(6) Prime contractor employee.--The term ``prime contractor
employee'' means an officer, partner, employee, or agent of a
prime contractor.
(7) Subcontract.--The term ``subcontract'' means a contract or
contractual action entered into by a prime contractor or
subcontractor to obtain supplies, materials, equipment, or
services of any kind under a prime contract.
(8) Subcontractor.--The term ``subcontractor''--

[[Page 3839]]

(A) means a person, other than the prime contractor,
that offers to furnish or furnishes supplies, materials,
equipment, or services of any kind under a prime
contract or a subcontract entered into in connection
with the prime contract; and
(B) includes a person that offers to furnish or
furnishes general supplies to the prime contractor or a
higher tier subcontractor.
(9) Subcontractor employee.--The term ``subcontractor
employee'' means an officer, partner, employee, or agent of a
subcontractor.

Sec. 8702. Prohibited conduct

A person may not--
(1) provide, attempt to provide, or offer to provide a
kickback;
(2) solicit, accept, or attempt to accept a kickback; or
(3) include the amount of a kickback prohibited by paragraph
(1) or (2) in the contract price--
(A) a subcontractor charges a prime contractor or a
higher tier subcontractor; or
(B) a prime contractor charges the Federal Government.

Sec. 8703. Contractor responsibilities

(a) Requirements Included in Contracts.--Each contracting agency shall
include in each prime contract awarded by the agency a requirement that
the prime contractor shall--
(1) have in place and follow reasonable procedures designed to
prevent and detect violations of section 8702 of this title in
its own operations and direct business relationships; and
(2) cooperate fully with a Federal Government agency
investigating a violation of section 8702 of this title.

(b) Full Cooperation Required.--Notwithstanding subsection (d), a
prime contractor shall cooperate fully with a Federal Government agency
investigating a violation of section 8702 of this title.
(c) Reporting Requirement.--
(1) In general.--A prime contractor or subcontractor that has
reasonable grounds to believe that a violation of section 8702
of this title may have occurred shall promptly report the
possible violation in writing to the inspector general of the
contracting agency, the head of the contracting agency if the
agency does not have an inspector general, or the Attorney
General.
(2) Supplying information as favorable evidence.--In an
administrative or contractual action to suspend or debar a
person who is eligible to enter into contracts with the Federal
Government, evidence that the person has supplied information to
the Federal Government pursuant to paragraph (1) is favorable
evidence of the person's responsibility for the purposes of
Federal procurement laws and regulations.

(d) Inapplicability to Certain Prime Contracts.--Subsection (a) does
not apply to a prime contract--
(1) that is not greater than $100,000; or
(2) for the acquisition of commercial items (as defined in
section 103 of this title).

Sec. 8704. Inspection authority

(a) In General.--To ascertain whether there has been a violation of
section 8702 of this title with respect to a prime contract, the

[[Page 3840]]

Comptroller General and the inspector general of the contracting agency,
or a representative of the contracting agency designated by the head of
the agency if the agency does not have an inspector general, shall have
access to and may inspect the facilities and audit the books and
records, including electronic data or records, of a prime contractor or
subcontractor under a prime contract awarded by the agency.
(b) Exception.--This section does not apply to a prime contract for
the acquisition of commercial items (as defined in section 103 of this
title).

Sec. 8705. Administrative offsets

(a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``contracting officer'' has
the meaning given that term in chapter 71 of this title.
(b) Offset Authority.--A contracting officer of a contracting agency
may offset the amount of a kickback provided, accepted, or charged in
violation of section 8702 of this title against amounts the Federal
Government owes the prime contractor under the prime contract to which
the kickback relates.
(c) Duties of Prime Contractor.--
(1) Withholding and paying over or retaining amounts.--On
direction of a contracting officer of a contracting agency with
respect to a prime contract, the prime contractor shall withhold
from amounts owed to a subcontractor under a subcontract of the
prime contract the amount of a kickback which was or may be
offset against the prime contractor under subsection (b). The
contracting officer may order that amounts withheld--
(A) be paid over to the contracting agency; or
(B) be retained by the prime contractor if the Federal
Government has already offset the amount against the
prime contractor.
(2) Notice.--The prime contractor shall notify the contracting
officer when an amount is withheld and retained under paragraph
(1)(B).

(d) Offset, Direction, or Order is Claim of Federal Government.--An
offset under subsection (b) or a direction or order of a contracting
officer under subsection (c) is a claim by the Federal Government for
the purposes of chapter 71 of this title.

Sec. 8706. Civil actions

(a) Amount.--The Federal Government in a civil action may recover from
a person--
(1) that knowingly engages in conduct prohibited by section
8702 of this title a civil penalty equal to--
(A) twice the amount of each kickback involved in the
violation; and
(B) not more than $10,000 for each occurrence of
prohibited conduct; and
(2) whose employee, subcontractor, or subcontractor employee
violates section 8702 of this title by providing, accepting, or
charging a kickback a civil penalty equal to the amount of that
kickback.

(b) Statute of Limitations.--A civil action under this section must be
brought within 6 years after the later of the date on which--
(1) the prohibited conduct establishing the cause of action
occurred; or

[[Page 3841]]

(2) the Federal Government first knew or should reasonably
have known that the prohibited conduct had occurred.

Sec. 8707. Criminal penalties

A person that knowingly and willfully engages in conduct prohibited by
section 8702 of this title shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for
not more than 10 years, or both.

SEC. 4. CONFORMING AMENDMENT.

Section 2410i(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by
striking ``small purchase threshold'' and substituting ``simplified
acquisition threshold''.

SEC. 5. CONFORMING CROSS-REFERENCES.

(a) Title 5.--Title 5, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 504(b)(1)(C)(ii)--
(A) strike ``section 6 of the Contract Disputes Act of
1978 (41 U.S.C. 605)'' and substitute ``section 7103 of
title 41''; and
(B) strike ``section 8 of that Act (41 U.S.C. 607)''
and substitute ``section 7105 of title 41''.
(2) In section 551(1)(H), strike ``chapter 2 of title 41;''.
(3) In section 701(b)(1)(H), strike ``chapter 2 of title
41;''.
(4) In section 3109(b)(3), strike ``section 5'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(5) In section 3374(c)(2), strike ``section 27 of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and substitute ``chapter 21
of title 41''.
(6) In section 3704(b)(2)(G), strike ``section 27 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and substitute
``chapter 21 of title 41''.
(7) In section 4105, strike ``section 5'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(8) In section 5102(c)(30), strike ``section 8 of the Contract
Disputes Act of 1978'' and substitute ``section 7105(a)(2),
(c)(2), or (d)(2) of title 41''.
(9) In section 5372a--
(A) in subsection (a)(1)--
(i) strike ``section 8 of the Contract Disputes
Act of 1978'' and substitute ``section 7105(a)(2),
(c)(2), or (d)(2) of title 41''; and
(ii) strike ``section 42 of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and substitute
``section 7105(b)(2) of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (a)(2), strike ``section 8 of the
Contract Disputes Act of 1978'' and substitute ``section
7105(a)(1), (c)(1), or (d)(1) of title 41''.
(10) In section 7342(e)(1), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(11) In section 8709(a), strike ``section 5'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(12) In section 8714a(a), strike ``section 5'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(13) In section 8714b(a), strike ``section 5'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d)''.

[[Page 3842]]

(14) In section 8714c(a), strike ``section 5'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(15) In section 8902(a), strike ``section 5'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(16) In section 8953(a)(1), strike ``section 5'' and
substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(17) In section 8983(a)(1), strike ``section 5'' and
substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)''.
(18) In section 9003--
(A) in subsection (a), strike ``section 5'' and
substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)'';
(B) in subsection (c)(3), before subparagraph (A),
strike ``the Contract Disputes Act of 1978'' and
substitute ``chapter 71 of title 41'';
(C) in subsection (c)(3)(A), strike ``(after
appropriate arrangements, as described in section 8(c)
of such Act)''; and
(D) in subsection (c)(3)(B), strike ``section 10(a)(1)
of such Act'' and substitute ``section 7104(b)(1) of
title 41''.
(19) In section 9009, strike ``section 26(f) of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 422(f))'' and
substitute ``section 1502(a) and (b) of title 41''.

(b) Title 10.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 133(c)(1), strike ``section 16(c) of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 414(c))'' and
substitute ``section 1702(c) of title 41''.
(2) In section 2013(a), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b)-(d) of
title 41''.
(3) In section 2194(b)(2), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(4) In section 2201--
(A) in subsection (b), strike ``section 3732(a) of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 11(a))'' and substitute
``section 6301(a) and (b)(1)-(3) of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (c), strike ``section 3732(a) of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 11(a))'' and substitute
``section 6301(a) and (b)(1)-(3) of title 41''.
(5) In section 2207(b), strike ``section 4(11) of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11))'' and
substitute ``section 134 of title 41''.
(6) In section 2225(f)--
(A) in paragraph (1), strike ``section 16(c) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
414(c))'' and substitute ``section 1702(c) of title
41''; and
(B) in paragraph (2), strike ``section 4(11) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403(11))'' and substitute ``section 134 of title 41''.
(7) In section 2226(b), strike ``section 4(12) of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12))'' and
substitute ``section 103 of title 41''.
(8) In section 2302--
(A) in paragraph (3), strike ``section 4 of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)'' and
substitute ``chapter 1 of title 41'';

[[Page 3843]]

(B) in paragraph (6), strike ``section 25(c)(1) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
421(c)(1))'' and substitute ``section 1303(a)(1) of
title 41''; and
(C) in paragraph (7), strike ``section 4 of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)'' and
substitute ``section 134 of title 41''.
(9) In section 2302a--
(A) in subsection (a), strike ``section 4(11) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and
substitute ``section 134 of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (b), strike ``section 33 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and
substitute ``section 1905 of title 41''.
(10) In section 2302b, strike ``section 31 of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and substitute ``section 1901
of title 41''.
(11) In section 2302c--
(A) in subsection (a)(1), strike ``section 30 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
426)'' and substitute ``section 2301 of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (b), strike ``section 16(c) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
414(c))'' and substitute ``section 1702(c) of title
41''.
(12) In section 2304--
(A) in subsection (f)(1)(B)(iii), strike ``section
16(c) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act
(41 U.S.C. 414(c))'' and substitute ``section 1702(c) of
title 41'';
(B) in subsection (f)(1)(C), strike ``section 18 of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
416)'' and substitute ``section 1708 of title 41'';
(C) in subsection (f)(2)(D), strike ``the Javits-
Wagner-O'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 46 et seq.)'' and substitute
``chapter 85 of title 41'';
(D) in subsection (g)(4), strike ``section 31(f) of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
427)'' and substitute ``section 1901(e) of title 41'';
and
(E) in subsection (h)(1), strike ``The Walsh-Healey
Act (41 U.S.C. 35 et seq.)'' and substitute ``Chapter 65
of title 41''.
(13) In section 2304b--
(A) in subsection (c), strike ``section 18 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
416)'' and substitute ``section 1708 of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (f)(3), strike ``section 18 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
416)'' and substitute ``section 1708 of title 41''.
(14) In section 2304c(a)(1), strike ``section 18 of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 416)'' and
substitute ``section 1708 of title 41''.
(15) In section 2306a(h)(3), strike ``section 4(12) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12))''
and substitute ``section 103 of title 41''.
(16) In section 2314, strike ``Sections 3709 and 3735 of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5 and 13)'' and substitute
``Sections 6101(b)-(d) and 6304 of title 41''.
(17) In section 2318--

[[Page 3844]]

(A) in subsection (a)(1), strike ``section 20(a) of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
418(a))'' and substitute ``section 1705(a) of title
41''; and
(B) in subsection (a)(2), strike ``sections 20(b) and
20(c) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act
(41 U.S.C. 418(b), (c))'' and substitute ``section
1705(b) and (c) of title 41''.
(18) In section 2321(h), strike ``the Contract Disputes Act of
1978 (41 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of
title 41''.
(19) In section 2324--
(A) in subsection (d)(1), strike ``section 6 of the
Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 605)'' and
substitute ``section 7103 of title 41'';
(B) in subsection (d)(2), strike ``section 7 of such
Act (41 U.S.C. 606)'' and substitute ``section 7104(a)
of title 41'';
(C) in subsection (e)(1)(P), strike ``section 39 of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
435)'' and substitute ``section 1127 of title 41''; and
(D) in subsection (e)(2)(C), strike ``(41 U.S.C. 10b-
1)'' and substitute ``(as added by section 7002(2) of
the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988)''.
(20) In section 2343, strike ``section 3741 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 22)'' and substitute ``section 6306 of title
41''.
(21) In section 2375(b), strike ``section 34 of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 430)'' and substitute
``section 1906 of title 41''.
(22) In section 2376(1), strike ``section 4 of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)'' and substitute
``chapter 1 of title 41''.
(23) In section 2384--
(A) in subsection (b)(2), strike ``section 4(12) of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403(12)))'' and substitute ``section 103 of title 41)'';
and
(B) in subsection (b)(3), strike ``section 4(11) of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403(11)))'' and substitute ``section 134 of title 41)''.
(24) In section 2393(d)--
(A) strike ``section 4(11) of the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)))'' and
substitute ``section 134 of title 41)''; and
(B) strike ``section 4(12) of the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12)))'' and
substitute ``section 103 of title 41)''.
(25) In section 2402--
(A) in subsection (c), strike ``section 4(11) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403(11)))'' and substitute ``section 134 of title 41)'';
and
(B) in subsection (d)(2), strike ``section 4(12) of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403(12))'' and substitute ``section 103 of title 41''.
(26) In section 2408--
(A) in subsection (a)(4)(A), strike ``section 4(11) of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403(11)))'' and substitute ``section 134 of title 41)'';
and

[[Page 3845]]

(B) in subsection (a)(4)(B), strike ``section 4(12) of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403(12)))'' and substitute ``section 103 of title 41)''.
(27) In section 2410(c), strike ``section 4(11) of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and substitute ``section 134
of title 41''.
(28) In section 2410b(c), strike ``section 4(12) of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12)))'' and
substitute ``section 103 of title 41)''.
(29) In section 2410d--
(A) in subsection (b)(2)(A), strike ``section 5(3) of
the Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 48b(3))'' and
substitute ``section 8501(7) of title 41'';
(B) in subsection (b)(2)(B), strike ``handicapped, as
defined in section 5(4) of such Act (41 U.S.C. 48b(4))''
and substitute ``disabled, as defined in section 8501(6)
of title 41''; and
(C) in subsection (b)(2)(C), strike ``section 2(c) of
such Act (41 U.S.C. 47(c))'' and substitute ``section
8503(c) of title 41''.
(30) In section 2410g(d)(1), strike ``section 4(12) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12)))''
and substitute ``section 103 of title 41)''.
(31) In section 2410i(b)(1), strike ``section 4(11) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)))''
and substitute ``section 134 of title 41)''.
(32) In section 2410m--
(A) in subsection (a), before paragraph (1), strike
``the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 601 et
seq.)'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of title 41'';
(B) in subsection (a)(2), strike ``section 7 of such
Act (41 U.S.C. 606)'' and substitute ``section 7104(a)
of title 41''; and
(C) in subsection (b)(1)(A), strike ``section 10(a) of
the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 609(a))''
and substitute ``section 7104(b) of title 41''.
(33) In section 2457(e), strike ``section 2 of the Buy
American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a)'' and substitute ``section 8302 of
title 41''.
(34) In section 2461(c)(1), strike ``section 2 of the Javits-
Wagner-O'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 47)'' and substitute ``section 8503
of title 41''.
(35) In section 2485(b)(1), strike ``section 4(6) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(6))''
and substitute ``section 107 of title 41''.
(36) In the chapter analysis for subchapter V of chapter 148,
in the item for section 2533, strike ``the Buy American Act''
and substitute ``chapter 83 of title 41''.
(37) In section 2533--
(A) in the section catchline, strike ``the Buy
American Act'' and substitute ``chapter 83 of title
41''; and
(B) in subsection (a), strike ``section 2 of the Buy
American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a)'' and substitute ``section
8302 of title 41''.
(38) In section 2533a(i), strike ``section 34 of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 430)'' and substitute
``section 1906 of title 41''.
(39) In section 2533b--

[[Page 3846]]

(A) in subsection (h), strike ``section 34 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
430)'' and substitute ``section 1906 of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (j), strike ``section 4 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403)'' and substitute ``section 105 of title 41''.
(40) In section 2534(g)(2), strike ``section 33 of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 429)'' and
substitute ``section 1905 of title 41''.
(41) In section 2562(a)(1), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(42) In section 2576(a), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(43) In section 2636(b)(3), strike ``section 4(11) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11))''
and substitute ``section 134 of title 41''.
(44) In section 2667(f)(1), strike ``Notwithstanding
subsection (a)(3) or subtitle I of title 40 and title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (to the
extent subtitle I and title III are inconsistent with this
subsection)'' and substitute ``Notwithstanding subtitle I of
title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509,
3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41 (to the extent
those provisions are inconsistent with this subsection) or
subsection (a)(2) of this section''.
(45) In section 2664(a), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended (41
U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except
sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle
I of title 41''.
(46) In section 2691(b), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(47) In section 2696(a), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(48) In section 2836(g), strike ``the Contract Disputes Act of
1978 (41 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of
title 41''.
(49) In section 2854a(d)(1), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(50) In section 2878(d)(2), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(51) In the chapter analysis for chapter 633, in the item for
section 7299, strike ``Walsh-Healey Act'' and substitute
``chapter 65 of title 41''.
(52) In section 7299--
(A) in the heading, strike ``Walsh-Healey Act'' and
substitute ``chapter 65 of title 41''; and

[[Page 3847]]

(B) strike ``the Walsh-Healey Act (41 U.S.C. 35 et
seq.)'' and substitute ``chapter 65 of title 41''.
(53) In section 7305(d)--
(A) strike ``title III of the Federal Property and
Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et
seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections
3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I
of title 41''; and
(B) strike ``under subtitle I of title 40 and such
title III'' and substitute ``under those provisions''.
(54) In section 9444(b)(1), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(55) In section 9781(g), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.

(c) Title 14.--Title 14, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 92(d), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(2) In section 93(h), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(3) In section 641(a), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(4) In section 685(c)(1), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.

(d) Title 18.--Title 18, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 3672, strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes of the United States'' and substitute ``section 6101(b)
to (d) of title 41''.
(2) In section 4124(c), strike ``section 6(d)(4) of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act'' and substitute ``section
1122(a)(4) of title 41''.

(e) Title 23.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 140--
(A) in subsection (b), strike ``section 3709 of the
Revised Statutes, as amended (41 U.S.C. 5),'' and
substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d) of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (c)--
(i) strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes, as amended (41 U.S.C. 5),'' and
substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d) of title 41'';
and
(ii) strike ``section 302(e) of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 252(e))'' and substitute ``section 3106
of title 41''.
(2) In section 502(c)(5), strike ``Section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.

[[Page 3848]]

(f) The Internal Revenue Code of 1986.--Section 7608(c)(1) of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 7608(c)(1)) is amended--
(1) in subparagraph (A)(i)(II), by striking ``sections 11(a)
and 22'' and substituting ``sections 6301(a) and (b)(1)-(3) and
6306'';
(2) in subparagraph (A)(i)(III), by striking ``section 255''
and substituting ``chapter 45''; and
(3) in subparagraph (A)(i)(V), by striking ``section 254(a)
and (c)'' and substituting ``section 3901''.

(g) Title 28.--Title 28, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In the last sentence of section 524(c)(1), strike
``section 3709 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (41
U.S.C. 5), title III of the Federal Property and Administrative
Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 and following)'' and
substitute ``division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509,
3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41, section 6101(b)
to (d) of title 41''.
(2) In section 604(a)(10)(C), strike ``section 3709 of the
Revised Statutes of the United States (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and
substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(3) In section 624(3), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes, as amended (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(4) In section 753(g), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes of the United States, as amended (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and
substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(5) In section 1295--
(A) in subsection (a)(10), strike ``section 8(g)(1) of
the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C.
607(g)(1))'' and substitute ``section 7107(a)(1) of
title 41'';
(B) in subsection (b), strike ``section 10(b) of the
Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 609(b))'' and
substitute ``section 7107(b) of title 41''; and
(C) in subsection (c), strike ``section 10(b) of the
Contract Disputes Act of 1978'' and substitute ``section
7107(b) of title 41''.
(6) In section 1346(a)(2), strike ``sections 8(g)(1) and
10(a)(1) of the Contract Disputes Act of 1978'' and substitute
``sections 7104(b)(1) and 7107(a)(1) of title 41''.
(7) In section 1491(a)(2), strike ``section 10(a)(1) of the
Contract Disputes Act of 1978'' and substitute ``section
7104(b)(1) of title 41''.
(8) In section 2401(a), strike ``the Contract Disputes Act of
1978'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of title 41''.
(9) In section 2412--
(A) in subsection (d)(2)(E), strike ``the Contract
Disputes Act of 1978'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of
title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (d)(3), strike ``the Contract
Disputes Act of 1978'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of
title 41''.
(10) In section 2414, strike ``the Contract Disputes Act of
1978'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of title 41''.
(11) In section 2517(a), strike ``the Contract Disputes Act of
1978'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of title 41''.

(h) Title 31.--Title 31, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 506, strike ``section 5(a) of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 404(a))'' and
substitute ``section 1101(a) of title 41''.

[[Page 3849]]

(2) In section 731(i)(7), strike ``section 27 of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 423)'' and substitute
``chapter 21 of title 41''.
(3) In section 781(c)(1), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(4) Section 1344(h)(2)(A) is amended to read as follows:
``(A) a department--
``(i) including independent establishments,
other agencies, and wholly owned Government
corporations; but
``(ii) not including the Senate, House of
Representatives, or Architect of the Capitol, or
the officers or employees thereof;''.
(5) In section 3567, strike ``section 4(1) of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(1))'' and
substitute ``section 133 of title 41''.
(6) In section 3718(b)(1)(A), strike ``title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41
U.S.C. 251 and following)'' and substitute ``division C (except
sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle
I of title 41''.
(7) In section 3902(a), strike ``section 12 of the Contract
Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 611)'' and substitute ``section
7109(a)(1) and (b) of title 41''.
(8) In section 3907--
(A) in subsection (a), strike ``section 6 of the
Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 605)'' and
substitute ``section 7103 of title 41'';
(B) in subsection (b)(1)(A), strike ``the Contract
Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and
substitute ``chapter 71 of title 41'';
(C) in subsection (b)(2)--
(i) strike ``section 12 of the Contract Disputes
Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 611)'' and substitute
``section 7109(a)(1) and (b) of title 41''; and
(ii) in the second sentence, strike ``section
12'' and substitute ``section 7109(a)(1) and
(b)''; and
(D) in subsection (c), strike ``the Contract Disputes
Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)'' and substitute
``chapter 71 of title 41''.
(9) In section 6202(c)(2), strike ``section 6(d)(5) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 405(d)(5))''
and substitute ``section 1122(a)(4) of title 41''.
(10) In section 9703(b)(3), as added by section 638(b)(1) of
the Act of October 6, 1992 (Public Law 102-393, 106 Stat. 1779),
strike ``section 3709 of the Revised Statutes of the United
States (41 U.S.C. 5), title III of the Federal Property and
Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)''
and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b),
3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41, section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.

(i) Title 35.--Title 35, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 2(b)(4)(A), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.

[[Page 3850]]

(2) In section 203(b), strike ``the Contract Disputes Act (41
U.S.C. Sec. 601 et seq.)'' and substitute ``chapter 71 of title
41''.

(j) Title 38.--Title 38, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 1720(c)(2), strike ``section 2(b)(1) of the
Service Contract Act of 1965 (41 U.S.C. 351(b)(1))'' and
substitute ``section 6704(a) of title 41''.
(2) In section 1966(a), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes, as amended (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(3) In section 3720(b), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(4) In section 7317(f), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(5) In section 7802(f), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(6) In section 8122--
(A) in subsection (a)(1), strike ``section 3709 of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d) of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (c)--
(i) strike ``(41 U.S.C. 252(c))''; and
(ii) strike ``section 304 of that Act (41 U.S.C.
254)'' and substitute ``sections 3901 and 3905 of
title 41''.
(7) In section 8127--
(A) in subsection (b), strike ``section 4 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403)'' and substitute ``section 134 of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (c)(2), strike ``section 4 of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
403)'' and substitute ``section 134 of title 41''.
(8) In section 8153(a)--
(A) in paragraph (3)(B)(ii), strike ``section 22 of
the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C.
418b)'' and substitute ``section 1707 of title 41''; and
(B) in paragraph (3)(D), strike ``section 303(f) of
the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of
1949 (41 U.S.C. 253(f))'' and substitute ``section
3304(e) of title 41''.
(9) In section 8201(e), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.

(k) Title 39.--Section 410(b) of title 39, United States Code, is
amended by striking paragraph (5) and substituting--
``(5) chapters 65 and 67 of title 41;''.

(l) Title 40.--Title 40, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In the chapter analysis for chapter 1, in item 111, strike
``Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949'' and
substitute ``division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509,
3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41''.
(2) In section 102, before paragraph (1), strike ``title III
of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except
sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle
I of title 41''.
(3) In section 111--

[[Page 3851]]

(A) in the section catchline, strike ``Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949'' and
substitute ``division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b),
3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41'';
and
(B) before paragraph (1), strike ``title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41''.
(4) In section 113(b)--
(A) in the heading, strike ``the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy Act'' and substitute ``Division B
(Except Sections 1704 and 2303) of Subtitle I of Title
41''; and
(B) strike ``the Office of Federal Procurement Policy
Act (41 U.S.C. 401 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division
B (Except Sections 1704 and 2303) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(5) In section 311--
(A) in subsection (a), strike ``title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41''; and
(B) in subsection (b), strike ``title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41''.
(6) In section 501(b)(2)(B), strike ``the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 401 et seq.)'' and substitute
``division B (except sections 1704 and 2303) of subtitle I of
title 41''.
(7) In section 502--
(A) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(i), strike ``section 5(3)
of the Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 48b(3))'' and
substitute ``section 8501(7) of title 41'';
(B) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(ii), strike ``handicapped
(as defined in section 5(4) of the Javits-Wagner-O'Day
Act (41 U.S.C. 48b(4)))'' and substitute ``disabled (as
defined in section 8501(6) of title 41)'';
(C) in subsection (b)(1)(B), strike ``the Javits-
Wagner-O'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 46 et seq.)'' and substitute
``chapter 85 of title 41''; and
(D) in subsection (b)(2), strike ``section 2 of the
Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 47)'' and substitute
``section 8503 of title 41''.
(8) In section 503(b)--
(A) in paragraph (1), strike ``the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 401 et seq.)'' and
substitute ``division B (except sections 1704 and 2303)
of subtitle I of title 41''; and
(B) in paragraph (3)--
(i) in the heading, strike ``Section 3709 of
revised statutes'' and substitute ``Section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''; and
(ii) strike ``Section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.

[[Page 3852]]

(9) In section 506(a)(1)(D), strike ``the Office of Federal
Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 401 et seq.)'' and substitute
``division B (except sections 1704 and 2303) of subtitle I of
title 41''.
(10) In section 545(f), strike ``Section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section 6101(b)-(d) of
title 41''.
(11) In section 593(a)(2), strike ``the Javits-Wagner-O'Day
Act (41 U.S.C. 46 et seq.)'' and substitute ``chapter 85 of
title 41''.
(12) In section 1305, strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(13) In section 1308, strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(14) In section 3148, strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(15) In section 3304(d)(2), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(16) In section 3305(a)--
(A) in paragraph (1), strike ``title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41''; and
(B) in paragraph (2), strike ``title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41''.
(17) In section 3308(a), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(18) In section 3310(2), strike ``section 303 of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C.
253)'' and substitute ``sections 3105, 3301, and 3303 to 3305 of
title 41''.
(19) In section 3701(b)(3)(A)(ii), strike ``the Walsh-Healey
Act (41 U.S.C. 35 et seq.)'' and substitute ``chapter 65 of
title 41''.
(20) In section 3704(b)(1), strike ``sections 4 and 5 of the
Walsh-Healey Act (41 U.S.C. 38, 39)'' and substitute ``sections
6506 and 6507 of title 41''.
(21) In section 3707, strike ``section 4 of the Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)'' and substitute
``section 103 of title 41''.
(22) In section 6111(b)(2)(D), strike ``section 3709 of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(23) In section 8711(d), strike ``section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(24) In section 11101--

[[Page 3853]]

(A) in paragraph (1), strike ``section 4 of the Office
of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)'' and
substitute ``section 103 of title 41''; and
(B) in paragraph (2), strike ``section 4 of the Act
(41 U.S.C. 403)'' and substitute ``section 133 of title
41''.

(m) Title 44.--Title 44, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In the chapter analysis for chapter 3, in the item for
section 311, strike ``the Federal Property and Administrative
Services Act'' and substitute ``subtitle I of title 40 and
division C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41''.
(2) In section 311--
(A) in the section catchline, strike ``the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act'' and
substitute ``subtitle I of title 40 and division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41'';
(B) in subsection (a), strike ``title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41''; and
(C) in subsection (c), strike ``section 3709 of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute
``section 6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.

(n) Title 46.--Section 51703(b)(2) of title 46, United States Code, is
amended by striking ``section 3709 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C.
5)'' and substituting ``section 6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(o) Title 49.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended as follows:
(1) In section 103(e), strike ``title III of the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251
et seq.)'' and substitute ``division C (except sections 3302,
3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title
41''.
(2) In section 1113(b)(1)(B) strike ``section 3709 of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(3) In section 5334(j)(2), strike ``Section 3709 of the
Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section
6101(b) to (d) of title 41''.
(4) In section 10721, strike ``Section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(5) In section 13712, strike ``Section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(6) In section 15504, strike ``Section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.
(7) In section 40110--
(A) in subsection (d)(2)(A), strike ``Title III of the
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
(41 U.S.C. 252-266)'' and substitute ``Division C
(except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and
4711) of subtitle I of title 41'';

[[Page 3854]]

(B) in subsection (d)(2)(B), strike ``The Office of
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 401 et seq.)''
and substitute ``Division B (except sections 1704 and
2303) of subtitle I of title 41'';
(C) in subsection (d)(2)(C), strike ``, except for
section 315 (41 U.S.C. 265). For the purpose of applying
section 315 of that Act to the system,'' and substitute
``. However, section 4705 of title 41 shall apply to the
new acquisition management system developed and
implemented pursuant to paragraph (1). For the purpose
of applying section 4705 of title 41 to the system,'';
and
(D) in subsection (d)(3)--
(i) in the heading, strike ``the office of
federal procurement policy act'' and substitute
``division b (except sections 1704 and 2303) of
subtitle i of title 41'';
(ii) before subparagraph (A), strike ``section
27 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act
(41 U.S.C. 423)'' and substitute ``chapter 21 of
title 41''; and
(iii) in subparagraph (A), strike ``Subsections
(f) and (g)'' and substitute ``Sections 2101 and
2106 of title 41''.
(8) In section 40118(f)(2), strike ``section 4(12) of the
Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(12))''
and substitute ``section 103 of title 41''.
(9) In section 47305(d), strike ``Section 3709 of the Revised
Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)'' and substitute ``Section 6101(b) to (d)
of title 41''.

SEC. 6. TRANSITIONAL AND SAVINGS PROVISIONS.

(a) <>  Cutoff Date.--This Act replaces
certain provisions of law enacted on or before December 31, 2008. If a
law enacted after that date amends or repeals a provision replaced by
this Act, that law is deemed to amend or repeal, as the case may be, the
corresponding provision enacted by this Act. If a law enacted after that
date is otherwise inconsistent with this Act, it supersedes this Act to
the extent of the inconsistency.

(b) <>  Original Date of Enactment
Unchanged.--For purposes of determining whether one provision of law
supersedes another based on enactment later in time, the date of
enactment of a provision enacted by this Act is deemed to be the date of
enactment of the provision it replaced.

(c) <>  References to Provisions
Replaced.--A reference to a provision of law replaced by this Act,
including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to
refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

(d) <>  Regulations, Orders, and Other
Administrative Actions.--A regulation, order, or other administrative
action in effect under a provision of law replaced by this Act continues
in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

(e) <>  Actions Taken and Offenses
Committed.--An action taken or an offense committed under a provision of
law replaced by this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under
the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

(f) Effective Dates for Certain Actions.--
(1) <>  Issue policy.--The
requirement in section 2303(b)(1) of title 41, United States
Code, to issue a policy shall be done not later than 270 days
after October 14, 2008.

[[Page 3855]]

(2) <>  Revisions in federal
procurement data system or successor system.--The requirement in
section 2311 of title 41, United States Code, to direct
appropriate revisions in the Federal Procurement Data System or
any successor system shall be done not later than one year after
October 14, 2008.
(3) <>  Establish database.--The
requirement in section 2313(a) of title 41, United States Code,
to establish a database shall be done not later than one year
after October 14, 2008.
(4) <>  Amend federal acquisition
regulation within one year after october 14, 2008.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall be amended to meet the requirements
of sections 2313(f), 3302(b) and (d), 4710(b), and 4711(b) of
title 41, United States Code, not later than one year after
October 14, 2008.
(5) <>  Amend federal acquisition
regulation within 270 days after october 14, 2008.--The Federal
Acquisition Regulation shall be amended to meet the requirements
of section 3906(b) of title 41, United States Code, not later
than 270 days after October 14, 2008.

SEC. 7. REPEALS.

(a) <>  Inference of Repeal.--The repeal
of a law by this Act may not be construed as a legislative inference
that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.

(b) <>  Repealer Schedule.--The laws
specified in the following schedule are repealed, except for rights and
duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that
were begun before the date of enactment of this Act.



Schedule of Laws Repealed
Statutes at Large
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Statutes at Large         U.S. Code (title 41 unless otherwise
-------------------------------               specified)
Date                  Chapter or Public Law         Section                                       --------------------------------------
Volume           Page                 Existing           Proposed
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


1875
Mar. 3.............................  133...................  2....................      18  455..................  10...................  ..............

1884
July 7.............................  332...................  (words after ``fifty       23  204..................  24...................            6308
five thousand
dollars'' in 3d par.
under heading
``Miscellaneous
Objects Under the
Treasury
Department'').

1920
June 5.............................  240...................  (last par. under           41  975..................  23...................            6307
heading ``Purchase
of Articles
Manufactured at
Government
Arsenals'').

1921
June 30............................  33....................  1 (last proviso on p.      42  78...................  11a..................            6302
78).

1922
July 1.............................  259...................  (1st proviso on p.         42  812..................  23...................            6307
812).

1926
May 13.............................  294...................  (4th complete par.         44  547..................  16c..................  ..............
(related to R.S.
Sec. 3741) on p.
547).


[[Page 3856]]


1927
Jan. 12............................  27....................  (2d complete par.          44  936..................  16a..................  ..............
(related to R.S.
Sec. 3741) on p.
936).

1933
Mar. 3.............................  212...................  title III, Sec. 1....      47  1520.................  10c..................            8301
.....................  title III, Sec. 2....      47  1520.................  10a..................            8302
.....................  title III, Sec. 3....      47  1520.................  10b..................            8303
.....................  title III, Sec. 4....  ......  .....................  10b-1................  ..............
June 16............................  101...................  5....................      48  305..................  24a..................  ..............

1934
Jan. 25............................  5.....................  (related to R.S. Sec.      48  337..................  22...................            6306
3741).
June 16............................  553...................  1-6..................      48  974..................  28-33................  ..............

1935
Aug. 29............................  815...................  .....................      49  990..................  34...................  ..............

1936
June 30............................  881...................  1 (matter before           49  2036.................  35...................            6502
subsec. (a) less
words related to
definition of
``agency of the
United States'').
.....................  1 (matter before           49  2036.................  35...................            6501
subsec. (a) related
to definition of
``agency of the
United States'').
.....................  1(a)-(d).............      49  2036.................  35...................            6502
.....................  2....................      49  2037.................  36...................            6503
.....................  3....................      49  2037.................  37...................            6504
.....................  4....................      49  2038.................  38...................            6506
.....................  5....................      49  2038.................  39...................            6507
.....................  6....................      49  2038.................  40...................            6508
.....................  7....................      49  2039.................  41...................            6501
.....................  8....................      49  2039.................  42...................            6511
.....................  9....................      49  2039.................  43...................            6505
.....................  10(a)................  ......  .....................  43a..................            6509
.....................  10(b) (1st sentence).  ......  .....................  43a..................            6507
.....................  10(b) (last            ......  .....................  43a..................            6509
sentence), (c).
.....................  11...................  ......  .....................  43b..................            6510
.....................  12...................      49  2039.................  44...................  ..............
.....................  13...................      49  2039.................  45...................            6502

1938
June 25............................  697...................  1....................      52  1196.................  46...................            8502
.....................  2....................      52  1196.................  47...................            8503
.....................  3....................      52  1196.................  48...................            8504
.....................  4....................      52  1196.................  48a..................            8505
.....................  5....................      52  1196.................  48b..................            8501
.....................  6....................      52  1196.................  48c..................            8506
.....................  7....................  ......  .....................  46 note..............  ..............

1939
Aug. 4.............................  418...................  13 (related to R.S.        53  1197.................  16d..................  ..............
Sec. 3744).

1940
June 18............................  396...................  (last par. (related        54  474..................  6kk..................  ..............
to R.S. Sec. 3709)
under heading
``Botanic Garden'').
.....................  (last par. (related        54  474..................  16b..................  ..............
to R.S. Sec. 3744)
under heading
``Botanic Garden'').
June 24............................  412...................  .....................      54  504..................  6b...................            6102
Oct. 10............................  851...................  2(a).................      54  1110.................  6a...................            6102
.....................  2(f).................      54  1110.................  6a...................            6102
.....................  2(h).................      54  1110.................  6a...................            6102
.....................  2(j).................      54  1110.................  6a...................            6102

[[Page 3857]]


.....................  3(a).................      54  1111.................  6b...................  ..............
.....................  3(b).................      54  1111.................  6b...................  ..............

1942
June 22............................  432...................  1....................      56  375..................  49...................            6309
.....................  2....................      56  376..................  50...................            6309
July 2.............................  472...................  (1st complete par. on      56  493..................  6....................  ..............
p. 493).

1944
July 1.............................  358...................  1, 2(a)..............      58  649..................  101, 102.............  ..............
.....................  3....................      58  650..................  103..................  ..............
.....................  4(b)-13(c)...........      58  651..................  104-113..............  ..............
.....................  13(d)................      58  662..................  113..................  ..............
.....................  13(e)-15.............      58  662..................  113-115..............  ..............
.....................  17, 18(a)............      58  665..................  117, 118.............  ..............
.....................  18(c)-(e)............      58  666..................  118..................  ..............
.....................  19(c)................      58  667..................  119..................  ..............
.....................  20-25................      58  668..................  120-125..............  ..............
.....................  26...................      58  671..................  101 note.............  ..............
.....................  27...................      58  671..................  101 note.............  ..............

1946
Mar. 8.............................  80....................  1....................      60  37...................  51...................  ..............
.....................  2....................      60  37...................  52...................            8701
.....................  3....................      60  37...................  53...................            8702
.....................  4....................      60  37...................  54...................            8707
.....................  5....................      60  37...................  55...................            8706
.....................  6....................      60  37...................  56...................            8705
.....................  7....................      60  37...................  57...................            8703
.....................  8....................      60  37...................  58...................            8704
Aug. 2.............................  744...................  9(c).................      60  809..................  5....................            6101
.....................  18...................      60  811..................  5a...................            6101

1949
June 30............................  288...................  301..................      63  393..................  251..................  ..............
.....................  302(a)...............      63  393..................  252..................            3101
.....................  302(b)...............      63  393..................  252..................            3104
.....................  302(c)(1)............      63  393..................  252..................            3106
.....................  302(c)(2)............  ......  .....................  252..................            3301
.....................  302A, 302B...........  ......  .....................  252a, 252b...........            3101
.....................  302C.................  ......  .....................  252c.................            4709
.....................  303(a)...............      63  395..................  253..................            3301
.....................  303(b)...............      63  395..................  253..................            3303
.....................  303(c)-(f)...........      63  395..................  253..................            3304
.....................  303(g)...............      63  395..................  253..................            3305
.....................  303(h)...............  ......  .....................  253..................            3301
.....................  303(i)...............  ......  .....................  253..................            3105
.....................  303(j)...............  ......  .....................  253..................            3304
.....................  303A.................  ......  .....................  253a.................            3306
.....................  303B(a), (b).........  ......  .....................  253b.................            3701
.....................  303B(c)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            3702
.....................  303B(d)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            3703
.....................  303B(e)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            3704
.....................  303B(f)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            3705
.....................  303B(g)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................      3704, 3705
.....................  303B(h)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            3706
.....................  303B(i)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            3707
.....................  303B(j)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            3308
.....................  303B(k), (l).........  ......  .....................  253b.................            3708
.....................  303B(m)..............  ......  .....................  253b.................            4702
.....................  303C.................  ......  .....................  253c.................            3311
.....................  303D.................  ......  .....................  253d.................            4703
.....................  303F.................  ......  .....................  253f.................            3310
.....................  303G.................  ......  .....................  253g.................            4704
.....................  303H.................  ......  .....................  253h.................            4103
.....................  303I.................  ......  .....................  253i.................            4105
.....................  303J.................  ......  .....................  253j.................            4106
.....................  303K.................  ......  .....................  253k.................            4101
.....................  303L.................  ......  .....................  253l.................            3902
.....................  303M.................  ......  .....................  253m.................            3309
.....................  304(a)...............      63  395..................  254..................            3901

[[Page 3858]]


.....................  304(b)...............      63  395..................  254..................            3905
.....................  304A(a)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3502
.....................  304A(b)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3503
.....................  304A(c)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3504
.....................  304A(d)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3505
.....................  304A(e)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3506
.....................  304A(f)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3507
.....................  304A(g)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3508
.....................  304A(h)..............  ......  .....................  254b.................            3501
.....................  304B.................  ......  .....................  254c.................            3903
.....................  304C.................  ......  .....................  254d.................            4706
.....................  305(a)...............      63  396..................  255..................            4501
.....................  305(b)...............  ......  .....................  255..................            4502
.....................  305(c)...............      63  396..................  255..................            4502
.....................  305(d)...............      63  396..................  255..................            4503
.....................  305(e)...............  ......  .....................  255..................            4504
.....................  305(f)...............  ......  .....................  255..................            4505
.....................  305(g)...............  ......  .....................  255..................            4506
.....................  306(a)-(d)...........  ......  .....................  256..................            4303
.....................  306(e)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4304
.....................  306(f)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4305
.....................  306(g)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4306
.....................  306(h)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4307
.....................  306(i)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4308
.....................  306(j)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4309
.....................  306(k)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4310
.....................  306(l)(1)............  ......  .....................  256..................            4301
.....................  306(l)(2)............  ......  .....................  256..................            4302
.....................  306(m)...............  ......  .....................  256..................            4301
.....................  307..................      63  396..................  257..................            4701
.....................  309(a)...............      63  397..................  259..................             151
.....................  309(b)...............  ......  .....................  259..................             152
.....................  309(c)(1)............  ......  .....................  259..................             111
.....................  309(c)(2)............  ......  .....................  259..................             112
.....................  309(c)(3)............  ......  .....................  259..................             114
.....................  309(c)(4)............  ......  .....................  259..................             107
.....................  309(c)(5)............  ......  .....................  259..................             113
.....................  309(c)(6)............  ......  .....................  259..................             116
.....................  309(c)(7)............  ......  .....................  259..................             109
.....................  309(c)(8), (9).......  ......  .....................  259..................             108
.....................  309(c)(10)...........  ......  .....................  259..................             115
.....................  309(c)(11)...........  ......  .....................  259..................             103
.....................  309(c)(12)...........  ......  .....................  259..................             110
.....................  309(c)(13)...........  ......  .....................  259..................             102
.....................  309(c)(14)...........  ......  .....................  259..................             105
.....................  309(d)...............  ......  .....................  259..................             153
.....................  309(e)...............  ......  .....................  259..................             106
.....................  310..................      63  397..................  260..................            3101
.....................  311..................  ......  .....................  261..................            3102
.....................  312..................  ......  .....................  262..................            4701
.....................  313..................  ......  .....................  263..................            3103
.....................  314..................  ......  .....................  264..................            3307
.....................  314A (``commercial     ......  .....................  264a (``commercial                103
item'').                                              item'').
.....................  314A                   ......  .....................  264a                              110
(``nondevelopmental                                   (``nondevelopmental
item'').                                              item'').
.....................  314A (``component'').  ......  .....................  264a (``component'').             105
.....................  314A (``commercial     ......  .....................  264a (``commercial                102
component'').                                         component'').
.....................  314B.................  ......  .....................  264b.................            3307
.....................  315..................  ......  .....................  265..................            4705
.....................  316..................  ......  .....................  266..................            3105
Oct. 29............................  787...................  633..................      63  1024.................  10d..................            8303

1950
Sept. 5............................  849...................  10(a)................      64  591..................  256a.................            4707

1952
July 14............................  739...................  .....................      66  627..................  113, 113 note........  ..............


[[Page 3859]]


1954
May 11.............................  199...................  1....................      68  81...................  321..................  ..............
.....................  2....................      68  81...................  322..................  ..............

1957
July 1.............................  85-75.................  (last par. on p. 251)      71  251..................  6a...................  ..............

1961
Aug. 3.............................  87-125................  301..................      75  279..................  6b...................  ..............

1962
Sept. 5............................  87-638................  .....................      76  437..................  254a.................            4708

1965
July 27............................  89-90.................  (2d par. on p. 276)..      79  276..................  6a-1.................            6102
Oct. 22............................  89-286................  1....................      79  1034.................  351 note.............  ..............
.....................  2(a) (words before         79  1034.................  351..................            6702
par. (1) related to
applicability).
.....................  2(a) (words before         79  1034.................  351..................            6703
par. (1) related to
required contract
terms), (1)-(5).
.....................  2(b).................      79  1034.................  351..................            6704
.....................  3....................      79  1035.................  352..................            6705
.....................  4....................      79  1035.................  353..................            6707
.....................  5(a).................      79  1035.................  354..................            6706
.....................  5(b).................      79  1035.................  354..................            6705
.....................  6....................      79  1035.................  355..................            6707
.....................  7....................      79  1035.................  356..................            6702
.....................  8....................      79  1036.................  357..................            6701
.....................  9....................      79  1036.................  351 note.............  ..............
.....................  10...................  ......  .....................  358..................            6707

1974
Aug. 30............................  93-400................  4(1).................      88  797..................  403..................             133
.....................  4(2).................      88  797..................  403..................             111
.....................  4(3).................      88  797..................  403..................             112
.....................  4(4).................      88  797..................  403..................             114
.....................  4(5).................  ......  .....................  403..................             132
.....................  4(6).................  ......  .....................  403..................             107
.....................  4(7).................  ......  .....................  403..................             113
.....................  4(8).................  ......  .....................  403..................             116
.....................  4(9).................  ......  .....................  403..................             109
.....................  4(10) (``item'',       ......  .....................  403..................             108
``item of supply'').
.....................  4(10) (``supplies'').  ......  .....................  403..................             115
.....................  4(11)................  ......  .....................  403..................             134
.....................  4(12)................  ......  .....................  403..................             103
.....................  4(13)................  ......  .....................  403..................             110
.....................  4(14)................  ......  .....................  403..................             105
.....................  4(15)................  ......  .....................  403..................             102
.....................  4(16)................  ......  .....................  403..................             131
.....................  4(17)................  ......  .....................  403..................            1301
.....................  5(a).................      88  797..................  404..................            1101
.....................  5(b).................      88  797..................  404..................            1102
.....................  6(a)-(c).............      88  797..................  405..................            1121
.....................  6(d), (e)............      88  797..................  405..................            1122
.....................  6(f).................      88  797..................  405..................            1121
.....................  6(g).................      88  797..................  405..................            1122
.....................  6(h)(1)..............      88  797..................  405..................            1130
.....................  6(h)(2)..............      88  797..................  405..................            2305
.....................  6(i).................      88  797..................  405..................            1125
.....................  6(j).................  ......  .....................  405..................            1126
.....................  6(k).................  ......  .....................  405..................            1131
.....................  7....................      88  798..................  406..................            1701
.....................  9....................      88  799..................  408..................            1121
.....................  11...................      88  799..................  410..................            1101
.....................  12...................      88  799..................  411..................            1122
.....................  14(a)................      88  800..................  412..................            2307
.....................  14(b)................      88  800..................  412..................            2306
.....................  15...................  ......  .....................  413..................            1124

[[Page 3860]]


.....................  16...................  ......  .....................  414..................            1702
.....................  16A(a)-(c)...........  ......  .....................  414b.................            1311
.....................  16A(d), (e)..........  ......  .....................  414b.................            1312
.....................  18...................  ......  .....................  416..................            1708
.....................  19...................  ......  .....................  417..................            1712
.....................  20...................  ......  .....................  418..................            1705
.....................  21...................  ......  .....................  418a.................            2302
.....................  22...................  ......  .....................  418b.................            1707
.....................  23...................  ......  .....................  419..................            1709
.....................  25(a), (b)...........  ......  .....................  421..................            1302
.....................  25(c)-(f)............  ......  .....................  421..................            1303
.....................  26(a)-(e)............  ......  .....................  422..................            1501
.....................  26(f)-(h)(1).........  ......  .....................  422..................            1502
.....................  26(h)(2)-(4).........  ......  .....................  422..................            1503
.....................  26(i)................  ......  .....................  422..................  ..............
.....................  26(j)................  ......  .....................  422..................            1504
.....................  26(k)................  ......  .....................  422..................            1505
.....................  26(l)................  ......  .....................  422..................            1506
.....................  27(a), (b)...........  ......  .....................  423..................            2102
.....................  27(c)................  ......  .....................  423..................            2103
.....................  27(d)................  ......  .....................  423..................            2104
.....................  27(e)................  ......  .....................  423..................            2105
.....................  27(f)................  ......  .....................  423..................            2101
.....................  27(g)................  ......  .....................  423..................            2106
.....................  27(h)................  ......  .....................  423..................            2107
.....................  29...................  ......  .....................  425..................            1304
.....................  30...................  ......  .....................  426..................            2301
.....................  31...................  ......  .....................  427..................            1901
.....................  32...................  ......  .....................  428..................            1902
.....................  32A..................  ......  .....................  428a.................            1903
.....................  33...................  ......  .....................  429..................            1905
.....................  34...................  ......  .....................  430..................            1906
.....................  35(a), (b)...........  ......  .....................  431..................            1907
.....................  35(c)................  ......  .....................  431..................             104
.....................  35A..................  ......  .....................  431a.................            1908
.....................  36...................  ......  .....................  432..................            1711
.....................  37...................  ......  .....................  433..................            1703
.....................  38...................  ......  .....................  434..................            2308
.....................  39...................  ......  .....................  435..................            1127
.....................  40...................  ......  .....................  436..................            2309
.....................  41...................  ......  .....................  437..................            2310
.....................  42...................  ......  .....................  438..................            7105
.....................  43...................  ......  .....................  439..................            1710
.....................  44...................  ......  .....................  440..................            2312

1978
Oct. 24............................  95-507................  222 (1st sentence)...      92  1771.................  405a.................            1121
.....................  222 (last sentence)..      92  1771.................  405a.................            1123
Nov. 1.............................  95-563................  1....................      92  2383.................  601 note.............  ..............
.....................  2....................      92  2383.................  601..................            7101
.....................  3....................      92  2383.................  602..................            7102
.....................  4....................      92  2384.................  603..................            7102
.....................  5....................      92  2384.................  604..................            7103
.....................  6(a) (1st, 2d              92  2384.................  605..................            7103
sentences).
.....................  6(a) (3d, 4th          ......  .....................  605..................            7103
sentences).
.....................  6(a) (5th-last             92  2384.................  605..................            7103
sentences), (b),
(c)(1)-(5).
.....................  6(c)(6), (7), (d),     ......  .....................  605..................            7103
(e).
.....................  7....................      92  2385.................  606..................            7104
.....................  8(a)-(e).............      92  2385.................  607..................            7105
.....................  8(f).................      92  2386.................  607..................            7106
.....................  8(g).................      92  2387.................  607..................            7107
.....................  9....................      92  2387.................  608..................            7106
.....................  10(a)................      92  2388.................  609..................            7104
.....................  10(b)-(e)............      92  2388.................  609..................            7107
.....................  10(f)................  ......  .....................  609..................            7107
.....................  11...................      92  2388.................  610..................            7105
.....................  12...................      92  2389.................  611..................            7109
.....................  13...................      92  2389.................  612..................            7108
.....................  15...................      92  2391.................  613..................  ..............
.....................  16...................      92  2391.................  601 note.............  ..............


[[Page 3861]]


1984
Oct. 30............................  98-577................  502..................      98  3085.................  414a.................            1706

1988
Oct. 1.............................  100-463...............  8141.................     102  2270-47..............  405b.................            2304
Oct. 25............................  100-533...............  502..................     102  2697.................  417a.................            1713
Nov. 18............................  100-690...............  5151.................     102  4304.................  701 note.............  ..............
.....................  5152.................     102  4304.................  701..................            8102
.....................  5153.................     102  4306.................  702..................            8103
.....................  5154.................     102  4307.................  703..................            8104
.....................  5155.................     102  4307.................  704..................            8105
.....................  5156.................     102  4308.................  705..................            8106
.....................  5157, 5158...........     102  4308.................  706, 707.............            8101
.....................  5160.................     102  4308.................  701 note.............  ..............

1992
Oct. 29............................  102-572...............  907(a)(3)............     106  4518.................  611 note.............            7109

1993
Nov. 30............................  103-160...............  849(c), (d)..........     107  1725.................  10b-2................            8304

1994
Oct. 13............................  103-355...............  1054(b)..............     108  3265.................  253h note............            4102
.....................  8002.................     108  3386.................  264 note.............            3307

1996
Sept. 23...........................  104-201...............  827..................     110  2611.................  10b-3................            8305

1997
June 12............................  105-18................  7004.................     111  192..................  253l-1...............            3904

1999
Sept. 29...........................  106-57................  207..................     113  423..................  253l-2...............            3904
Oct. 5.............................  106-65................  804..................     113  704..................  253h note............            4104

2000
Dec. 21............................  106-554...............  1(a)(2) [title I,         114  2763A-100............  253l-3...............            3904
Sec. 101].
.....................  1(a)(2) [title I,         114  2763A-108............  253l-4...............            3904
Sec. 110].

2003
Feb. 20............................  108-7.................  div. H, title I, Sec.     117  350..................  253l-5...............            3904
5.
.....................  div. H, title I, Sec.     117  354..................  6a-3.................            6102
104.
.....................  div. H, title I, Sec.     117  357..................  253l-6...............            3904
1002.
.....................  div. H, title I, Sec.     117  370..................  6a-4.................            6102
1102.
.....................  div. H, title I, Sec.     117  373..................  253l-7...............            3904
1202.
Aug. 15............................  108-72................  4....................     117  889..................  253l-8...............            3904
Nov. 24............................  108-136...............  1412(a)..............     117  1664.................  433 note.............            1703
.....................  1413.................     117  1665.................  433 note.............            1703
.....................  1414.................     117  1666.................  433 note.............            1128
.....................  1428.................     117  1670.................  253a note............            3306
.....................  1431(b)..............     117  1671.................  405 note.............            1129
.....................  1441.................     117  1673.................  428a note............            1904

2004
Oct. 28............................  108-375...............  807(c)...............     118  2011.................  431a note............            1908

2008
Jan. 28............................  110-181...............  855..................     122  251..................  433a.................            1704
June 30............................  110-252...............  6102, 6103...........     122  2386, 2387...........  251 note.............            3509
Oct. 14............................  110-417...............  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4537.................  405c(a)..............            2303
841(a).
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4539.................  405c(c)..............            2303
841(c).
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4547.................  253h note............            3302
863(a)-(e).
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4549.................  254 note.............            3906
864(a), (b), (d),
(e), (f)(2), (g).
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4551.................  254b note............            4710
866.

[[Page 3862]]


.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4551.................  251 note.............            4711
867.
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4552.................  254b note............            3501
868.
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4553.................  433a note............            1704
869.
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4555.................  417b.................            2313
872.
.....................  [div. A], title VIII,     122  4558.................  405 note.............            2311
874(a).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Revised Statutes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States Code (title 41)
Revised Statutes Section                    -------------------------------------------------
Existing                 Proposed
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3709..........................................................                        5                     6101
3710..........................................................                        8                     6103
3732..........................................................                       11                     6301
3733..........................................................                       12                     6303
3735..........................................................                       13                     6304
3736..........................................................                       14                     6301
3737..........................................................                       15                     6305
3741..........................................................                       22                     6306
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Approved January 4, 2011.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 1107:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

HOUSE REPORTS: No. 111-42 (Comm. on the Judiciary).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 155 (2009):
May 6, considered and passed House.
Vol. 156 (2010):
Dec. 2, considered and passed
Senate, amended.
Dec. 16, 17, House considered and
concurred in Senate amendments.