45 U.S.C.
United States Code, 1998 Edition
Title 45 - RAILROADS
CHAPTER 14 - RAIL PASSENGER SERVICE
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

CHAPTER 14—RAIL PASSENGER SERVICE

SUBCHAPTER I—GENERAL PROVISIONS

§§501 to 502. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 501, Pub. L. 91–518, title I, §101, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1328; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §102, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 537; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1171, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 687, related to congressional findings on needs for cost- and energy-efficient intercity rail passenger service. See section 24101 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 501a, Pub. L. 91–518, title I, §102, as added Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §103(a), Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 537; amended Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1172, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 688, enumerated goals established by Congress for Amtrak. See section 24101 of Title 49.

A prior section 102 of Pub. L. 91–518 was renumbered section 103 and classified to section 502 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b).

Section 502, Pub. L. 91–518, title I, §103, formerly §102, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1328; Pub. L. 93–146, §2, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 548; renumbered §103 and amended Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §§103(a), 104, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 537, 538; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1173, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 689; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4012, Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 109; Pub. L. 102–533, §8, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3519, defined terms for purposes of this chapter. See section 24102 of Title 49, Transportation.

Short Title

Section 1 of Pub. L. 91–518, as amended by Pub. L. 93–496, §12, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1531, provided that Pub. L. 91–518 (enacting this chapter and section 250 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, amending section 856 of former Title 31, Money and Finance, and enacting provision set out as a note under section 250 of Title 26) could be cited as the “Rail Passenger Service Act”, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379.

SUBCHAPTER II—BASIC NATIONAL RAIL PASSENGER SYSTEM

§§521, 522. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 521, Pub. L. 91–518, title II, §201, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1329, authorized report designating routes and basic service on intercity passenger system.

Section 522, Pub. L. 91–518, title II, §202, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1329, directed review of preliminary report of Secretary designating the basic system.

SUBCHAPTER III—NATIONAL RAILROAD PASSENGER CORPORATION

§§541 to 548. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 541, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §301, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1330; Pub. L. 95–421, §11, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 928; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1188(a), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 699; Pub. L. 100–342, §18(a), June 22, 1988, 102 Stat. 636, authorized establishment of National Railroad Passenger Corporation. See sections 24101 and 24301 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 542, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §302, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1330, related to Presidential appointment of incorporators to establish National Railroad Passenger Corporation.

Section 543, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §303, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1330; Pub. L. 92–316, §1(a), June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 227; Pub. L. 93–146, §3(a), Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 548; Pub. L. 94–25, §2, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 90; Pub. L. 94–210, title VII, §706(f), formerly §705(f), Feb. 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 124, renumbered Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §206(a), May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 94–555, title I, §103, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2615; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1174(a), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 689; Pub. L. 97–216, title I, §101, July 18, 1982, 96 Stat. 187; Pub. L. 100–342, §18(b), (c), June 22, 1988, 102 Stat. 636, related to board of directors, officers, bylaws, and stock voting rights of National Railroad Passenger Corporation. See sections 24302 and 24303 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 544, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §304, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1331; Pub. L. 93–496, §2, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1526; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1175, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 691; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4003, Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 107; Pub. L. 102–533, §5, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3517, related to issuance by National Railroad Passenger Corporation of stock, bonds, and other certificates of indebtedness. See section 24304 of Title 49.

Section 545, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §305, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1332; Pub. L. 92–316, §2, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 228; Pub. L. 93–146, §§4–6, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 549, 550; Pub. L. 93–496, §§3, 4, 6, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1527, 1528; Pub. L. 94–25, §3, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 90; Pub. L. 94–210, title VII, §706(g), formerly §705(g), Feb. 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 125, renumbered Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §206(a), May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 94–555, title I, §104, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2615; Pub. L. 95–421, §10, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 928; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §§105–111(a), Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 539–541; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §§1176, 1177(a), 1188(b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 692, 699; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4007(e), title XIII, §13031(h)(1), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 108, 310, enumerated general powers of National Railroad Passenger Corporation. See sections 24301, 24305 to 24307, 24311, 24702, 24707, 24709, and 24902 of Title 49.

Section 545a, Pub. L. 95–421, §19, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 930, directed National Railroad Passenger Corporation to attract and serve bulk mail needs of Postal Service. See section 24305 of Title 49.

Section 546, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §306, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1332; Pub. L. 92–316, §3, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 228; Pub. L. 93–146, §7, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 551; Pub. L. 94–210, title VII, §706(e), formerly §705(e), Feb. 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 124, renumbered Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §206(a), May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 94–555, title I, §§105, 106, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2615, 2616; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §112, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 541; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1178, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 692; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §§4004, 4007(b), 4013, 4015, Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 107–110; Pub. L. 101–610, title VI, §601(a), Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3185; Pub. L. 102–533, §6, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3517, related to laws applicable to National Railroad Passenger Corporation. See sections 24301, 24305, and 24306 of Title 49.

Section 546a, Pub. L. 95–421, §7, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 927, related to jurisdiction of Interstate Commerce Commission over rate, fare, charge, and marketing practices of National Railroad Passenger Corporation. See section 24301 of Title 49.

Section 546b, Pub. L. 97–257, title I, Sept. 10, 1982, 96 Stat. 852, exempted National Railroad Passenger Corporation from taxes or other fees imposed by any State, political subdivision, or local taxing authority levied on Corporation or any railroad subsidiary and provided United States district courts with jurisdiction to enforce exemption. See section 24301 of Title 49.

Section 547, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §307, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1333; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1179, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 693, related to jurisdiction of United States district courts to impose sanctions. See section 24103 of Title 49.

Section 548, Pub. L. 91–518, title III, §308, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1333; Pub. L. 92–316, §4, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 228; Pub. L. 93–146, §8, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 551; Pub. L. 94–25, §4, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 90; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §113, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 542; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1180, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 693; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4005, Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 107; Pub. L. 100–342, §18(d), June 22, 1988, 102 Stat. 637, related to reports by National Railroad Passenger Corporation to President and Congress. See section 24315 of Title 49.

SUBCHAPTER IV—PROVISION OF RAIL PASSENGER SERVICES

§§561 to 563. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 561, Pub. L. 91–518, title IV, §401, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1334; Pub. L. 93–146, §9, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 551, related to assumption of intercity rail passenger service by National Railroad Passenger Corporation. See section 24701 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 562, Pub. L. 91–518, title IV, §402, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1335; Pub. L. 92–316, §5, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 229; Pub. L. 93–146, §10, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 552; Pub. L. 94–210, title VII, §706(a), (h), formerly §705(a), (h), Feb. 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 123, 125, renumbered Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §206(a), May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 95–421, §15, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 929; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §114, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 542; Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §216, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 418; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §§1181, 1188(c), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 693, 699; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §§4006, 4017(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 107, 110; Pub. L. 101–641, §9(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4658, related to facilities and service agreements. See sections 24308, 24311, and 24904 of Title 49.

Section 563, Pub. L. 91–518, title IV, §403, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1335; Pub. L. 92–316, §6, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 229; Pub. L. 93–146, §11(a), Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 93–496, §5, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1527; Pub. L. 94–25, §§5, 6, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 90; Pub. L. 94–210, title VII, §706(c), (i), formerly §705(c), (i), Feb. 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 124, 125, renumbered Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §206(a), May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 94–555, title I, §107, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2616; Pub. L. 95–421, §§16–18, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 929, 930; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §115, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 542; Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §213, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 417; Pub. L. 96–448, title V, §508(f), Oct. 14, 1980, 94 Stat. 1958; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §§1182(a), 1183(e), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 693, 697; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4014(a)(1), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 109; Pub. L. 102–533, §§7(b), 10, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3519, 3520, related to State supported institution or retention of rail passenger service. See sections 24703, 24704, and 24708 of Title 49.

§564. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379; Pub. L. 103–429, §8(6), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4390

Section, Pub. L. 91–518, title IV, §404, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1336; Pub. L. 93–146, §11(b), Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 93–496, §7, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1530; Pub. L. 94–25, §§7, 8, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 90; Pub. L. 94–210, title VII, §706(d), formerly §705(d), Feb. 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 124, renumbered Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §206(a), May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §§116(a), 117–119, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 545, 546; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1183(a)–(d), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 695–697; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §§4008, 4014(a)(2)–(7), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 108–110; Pub. L. 104–287, §7(1), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3400, related to addition to or discontinuance of routes and services. See sections 24703 and 24705 to 24707 of Title 49, Transportation.

§§565, 566. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 565, Pub. L. 91–518, title IV, §405, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1337; Pub. L. 92–316, §§7, 8, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 230; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §120(a), Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 547; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §§1177(b), 1184, 1188(d), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 692, 697, 699; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4016, Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 110, related to protective arrangements for railroad employees. See sections 24307, 24312, and 24706 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 566, Pub. L. 91–518, title IV, §406, as added Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §121, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 548, related to retention and maintenance of facilities. See section 24309 of Title 49.

SUBCHAPTER V—AMTRAK COMMUTER SERVICES

§§581 to 591. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 581, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §501, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1137, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 647; amended Pub. L. 100–457, title III, §336, Sept. 30, 1988, 102 Stat. 2153, related to establishment and incorporation of Amtrak Commuter Services Corporation. See section 24501 of Title 49, Transportation.

A prior section 581, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §501, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1338, provided for appointment of a fifteen-man financial advisory panel by President, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–25, §9, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 92.

Section 582, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §502, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1137, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 648, related to Board of Directors and officers of Amtrak Commuter Services Corporation. See sections 24502 and 24503 of Title 49, Transportation.

A prior section 582, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §502, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1338, directed advisory panel to advise directors of Corporation on ways and means of increasing capitalization of Corporation, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–25, §9, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 92.

Section 583, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §503, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1137, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 648, enumerated general powers of Amtrak Commuter Services Corporation. See sections 24501 and 24504 of Title 49, Transportation.

A prior section 583, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §503, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1338, provided for a report to Congress by advisory panel, evaluating initial capitalization of Corporation, and prospects for increasing its capitalization, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–25, §9, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 92.

Section 584, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §504, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1137, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 648, related to commuter services provided by Amtrak Commuter Services Corporation. See sections 24501, 24504, and 24505 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 585, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §505, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1137, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 650; amended Pub. L. 97–468, title V, §508, Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2554, related to duties and composition of Northeast Corridor Coordination Board. See section 24905 of Title 49.

Section 586, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §506, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1137, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 650, related to transfers of property and commuter service to Amtrak Commuter Services Corporation and commuter authorities. See section 24506 of Title 49.

Section 587, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §507, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1137, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 652, exempted transfers of property and assumptions of service responsibilities pursuant to section 586 of this title from judicial review.

Section 588, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §508, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1145, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 669, related to negotiations for implementing agreement governing transfer of Conrail employees.

Section 589, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §509, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1145, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 671, established factfinding panel to recommend changes in operating practices to maximize productivity.

Section 590, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §510, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1145, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 671, related to collective bargaining agreements for Amtrak Commuter Services Corporation or commuter authorities, contingency emergency boards, and dispute resolution procedures.

Section 591, Pub. L. 91–518, title V, §511, as added Pub. L. 97–468, title V, §509, Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2554, provided for applicability of laws to commuter authorities operating commuter services under this subchapter. See section 24505 of Title 49, Transportation.

SUBCHAPTER VI—FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE

§601. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section, Pub. L. 91–518, title VI, §601, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1338; Pub. L. 92–316, §9, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 231; Pub. L. 93–146, §12, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 93–496, §8, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1530; Pub. L. 94–25, §10, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 92; Pub. L. 94–555, title I, §102(a), (b), Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2613, 2614; Pub. L. 95–421, §§2(a), (b)(1), 3, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 923; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §122(a), (b)(1), Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 550, 551; Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §§208, 211, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 414, 415; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §§1138, 1139(a), 1185, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 652, 697; Pub. L. 97–468, title III, §302(c), Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2550; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4002, Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 106; Pub. L. 101–322, §2, July 6, 1990, 104 Stat. 295; Pub. L. 102–533, §7(a), Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3517, related to authorization and administration of appropriations for capital expenditures, new corridor development, operating expenses, and mandatory payments. See section 24104 of Title 49, Transportation.

§602. Repealed. Pub. L. 102–533, §7(c), Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3519

Section, Pub. 91–518, title VI, §602, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1338; Pub. L. 92–316, §10(a), June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 231; Pub. L. 93–146, §13, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 93–496, §9, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1531; Pub. L. 94–25, §11, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 92; Pub. L. 94–555, title I, §102(c), Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2614; Pub. L. 95–421, §2(b)(2), Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 923; Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §122(b)(2), Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 551; Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, §1186, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 698; Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095; Pub. L. 100–342, §18(e), June 22, 1988, 102 Stat. 637, related to authority of Secretary of Transportation to guarantee any lender or lessor against loss of principal or interest on loans issued to improve rail passenger service.

SUBCHAPTER VII—EMERGENCY FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE

§§621, 622. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4007(c), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 108

Section 621, Pub. L. 91–518, title VII, §701, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1339; Pub. L. 94–25, §12, May 26, 1975, 89 Stat. 93, provided for interim authority to provide emergency financial assistance for railroads operating passenger service.

Section 622, Pub. L. 91–518, title VII, §702, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1339, authorized appropriations for this subchapter.

SUBCHAPTER VIII—MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

§641. Repealed. Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §111(b), Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 541

Section, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §801, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1339; Pub. L. 93–146, §14, Nov. 3, 1973, 87 Stat. 554; Pub. L. 93–496, §10, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1531; Pub. L. 94–555, title I, §108, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2616, provided for promulgation and revision of regulations for adequacy of service and for maintenance of civil actions for enforcement of provisions.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1979, see section 501(a) of Pub. L. 96–73.

§§642 to 644. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 642, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §802, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1340, prohibited discontinuance of intercity rail passenger service other than in accordance with provisions of this chapter. See section 24705 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 643, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §803, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1340, related to separability of provisions of this chapter.

Section 644, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §805, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1340; Pub. L. 92–316, §11, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 233; Pub. L. 93–496, §11, Oct. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 1531; Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4007(a), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 108, related to records and audit of National Railroad Passenger Corporation and certain railroads. See section 24315 of Title 49, Transportation.

§645. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4007(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 108

Section, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §806, as added Pub. L. 92–316, §12, June 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 233, provided for a report by Secretary of Transportation to Congress evaluating intercity rail passenger service operations.

§§646 to 650c. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 646, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §807, as added Pub. L. 95–421, §13, Oct. 5, 1978, 92 Stat. 929, related to development and implementation of a Railroad Safety System Program. See section 24313 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 647, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §808, as added Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §123, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 551, related to composition and duties of Employee Compensation and Incentive Commission.

Section 648, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §809, as added Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §124, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 551, related to development of Model Job Placement Program to accommodate employees displaced by route restructuring.

Section 649, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §810, as added Pub. L. 101–322, §3, July 6, 1990, 104 Stat. 295, related to incentives for passenger service operating agreements. See section 26102 of Title 49, Transportation.

A prior section 649, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §810, as added Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §125, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 552, provided for a study of payment of taxes by Corporation to State and local governments, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4007(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 108.

Section 650, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §811, as added Pub. L. 102–533, §2, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3515, related to elimination of all highway at-grade crossings on main line of the Northeast Corridor, except where elimination deemed impracticable or unnecessary. See section 24906 of Title 49, Transportation.

A prior section 650, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §811, as added Pub. L. 96–73, title I, §126, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 552, provided for a report to Congress on the ratio of revenue to expenses, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–272, title IV, §4007(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 108.

Section 650a, Pub. L. 100–342, §18(g), June 22, 1988, 102 Stat. 637, related to petitions by National Railroad Passenger Corporation seeking relocation or other remedial assistance for dangerous conditions, and recommendations by Secretary to Congress to fund such measures. See section 24310 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 650b, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §812, as added Pub. L. 102–533, §3, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3515, directed National Railroad Passenger Corporation to develop and report to Congress its plans for experimentation with new technologies. See section 24314 of Title 49.

Section 650c, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §813, as added Pub. L. 102–533, §9, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3520, directed National Railroad Passenger Corporation to assist in and report to Congress on high-speed rail corridor development outside the Northeast Corridor. See section 24702 of Title 49.

§§650d, 650e. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–429, §8(6), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4390

Section 650d, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §814, as added Pub. L. 102–533, §11, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3520, related to formation of task force to consider recommendations on emergency training and response and to report to Congress not later than June 1, 1993.

Section 650e, Pub. L. 91–518, title VIII, §815, as added Pub. L. 102–533, §13, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3522, directed National Railroad Passenger Corporation to develop comprehensive plan for New York City station facilities.

SUBCHAPTER IX—RAIL PASSENGER CORRIDORS

§§651 to 658. Repealed. Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379

Section 651, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1001, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 415; amended H. Res. 549, Mar. 25, 1980, required Secretary to develop and submit to Congress a proposed method for evaluating rail passenger corridors, ranking those with greatest potential.

Section 652, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1002, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 415, directed National Railroad Passenger Corporation to develop design and engineering plans for rail corridors in consultation with Secretary and rail carriers owning facilities to be used in the corridors.

Section 653, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1003, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 416; amended H. Res. 549, Mar. 25, 1980, provided for submission of final corridor evaluation to Congress.

Section 654, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1004, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 416, directed National Railroad Passenger Corporation to acquire equipment necessary to provide service in rail passenger corridors.

Section 655, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1005, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 416, directed Secretary to encourage private sector development of potential rail passenger corridors by removing institutional barriers and coordinating funding.

Section 656, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1006, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 417, related to speed restrictions imposed on Amtrak trains by State or local governments. See section 24702 of Title 49, Transportation.

Section 657, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1007, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 417, related to provision of service between corridors to increase ridership. See section 24702 of Title 49.

Section 658, Pub. L. 91–518, title X, §1008, as added Pub. L. 96–254, title II, §212, May 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 417, authorized appropriations for evaluation of corridors, acquisition of equipment, and private sector development.