50 U.S.C. 2091
United States Code, 2006 Edition
Title 50 - WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
TITLE 50 - APPENDIX-WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950
ACT SEPT. 8, 1950, CH. 932, 64 STAT. 798
TITLE III - EXPANSION OF PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY AND SUPPLY
Sec. 2091 - Loan guarantees
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

§2091. Loan guarantees

(a) Purpose of loans; guaranteeing agencies; Presidential determinations

(1) In order to expedite production and deliveries or services under Government contracts, the President may authorize, subject to such regulations as he may prescribe, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, the Department of Commerce, and such other agencies of the United States engaged in procurement for the national defense as he may designate (hereinafter referred to as “guaranteeing agencies”), without regard to provisions of law relating to the making, performance, amendment, or modification of contracts, to guarantee in whole or in part any public or private financing institution (including any Federal Reserve bank), by commitment to purchase, agreement to share losses, or otherwise, against loss of principal or interest on any loan, discount, or advance, or on any commitment in connection therewith, which may be made by such financing institution for the purpose of financing any contractor, subcontractor, or other person in connection with the performance of any contract or other operation deemed by the guaranteeing agency to be necessary to expedite or expand production and deliveries or services under Government contracts for the procurement of industrial resources or critical technology items essential to the national defense, or for the purpose of financing any contractor, subcontractor, or other person in connection with or in contemplation of the termination, in the interest of the United States, of any contract made for the national defense; but no small-business concern (as defined in section 702(16) 1 [section 2152(16) of this Appendix]) shall be held ineligible for the issuance of such a guaranty by reason of alternative sources of supply.

(2) Except as provided in section 305 [section 2095 of this Appendix] and section 306 [section 2096 of this Appendix], no authority contained in sections 301, 302, or 303 [sections 2091, 2092, or 2093 of this Appendix] may be used in any manner—

(A) in the development, production, or distribution of synthetic fuel;

(B) for any synthetic fuel project;

(C) to assist any person for the purpose of providing goods or services to a synthetic fuel project; or

(D) to provide any assistance to any person for the purchase of synthetic fuel.


(3) Except during periods of national emergency declared by the Congress or the President, a guarantee may be entered into under this section only if the President determines that—

(A) the guaranteed contract or activity is for industrial resources or a critical technology item which is essential to the national defense;

(B) without the guarantee, United States industry cannot reasonably be expected to provide the needed industrial resources or critical technology item in a timely manner;

(C) the guarantee is the most cost-effective, expedient, and practical alternative for meeting the need involved; and

(D) the combination of the United States national defense demand and foreseeable nondefense demand is not less than the output of domestic industrial capability, as determined by the President, including the output to be established through the guarantee.

(b) Fiscal agents; accountability; reimbursement

Any Federal agency or any Federal Reserve bank, when designated by the President, is authorized to act, on behalf of any guaranteeing agency, as fiscal agent of the United States in the making of such contracts of guarantee and in otherwise carrying out the purposes of this section. All such funds as may be necessary to enable any such fiscal agent to carry out any guarantee made by it on behalf of any guaranteeing agency shall be supplied and disbursed by or under authority from such guaranteeing agency. No such fiscal agent shall have any responsibility or accountability except as agent in taking any action pursuant to or under authority of the provisions of this section. Each such fiscal agent shall be reimbursed by each guaranteeing agency for all expenses and losses incurred by such fiscal agent in acting as agent on behalf of such guaranteeing agency, including among such expenses, notwithstanding any other provision of law, attorneys’ fees and expenses of litigation.

(c) Supervision; interest, fees, procedures

All actions and operations of such fiscal agents under authority of or pursuant to this section shall be subject to the supervision of the President, and to such regulations as he may prescribe; and the President is authorized to prescribe, either specifically or by maximum limits or otherwise, rates of interest, guarantee and commitment fees, and other charges which may be made in connection with loans, discounts, advances, or commitments guaranteed by the guaranteeing agencies through such fiscal agents, and to prescribe regulations governing the forms and procedures (which shall be uniform to the extent practicable) to be utilized in connection with such guarantees.

(d) Funds available for guarantees

Each guaranteeing agency is authorized to use for the purposes of this section any funds which have heretofore been appropriated or allocated or which hereafter may be appropriated or allocated to it, or which are or may become available to it, for such purposes or for the purpose of meeting the necessities of the national defense.

(e) Identification of industrial resource or critical technology item shortfall; prevention of personal financial insolvency or bankruptcy

(1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (D), a guarantee may be made under this section only if the industrial resource or critical technology item shortfall which such guarantee is intended to correct has been identified in the Budget of the United States, or amendments thereto, submitted to the Congress, accompanied by a statement from the President demonstrating that the budget submission is in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a)(3) of this section.

(B) Any such guarantee may be made only after 60 days have elapsed after such industrial resource or critical technology item shortfall has been identified pursuant to subparagraph (A).

(C) If the making of any guarantee or guarantees to correct an industrial resource or critical technology item shortfall would cause the aggregate outstanding amount of all guarantees for such industrial resource or critical technology item shortfall to exceed $50,000,000, any such guarantee or guarantees may be made only if specifically authorized by law.

(D) The requirements of subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) may be waived—

(i) during periods of national emergency declared by the Congress or the President; or

(ii) upon a determination by the President, on a nondelegable basis, that a specific guarantee is necessary to avert an industrial resource or critical technology item shortfall that would severely impair national defense capability.


(2) The authority conferred by this section shall not be used primarily to prevent the financial insolvency or bankruptcy of any person, unless

(A) the President certifies that the insolvency or bankruptcy would have a direct and substantially adverse effect upon defense production; and

(B) a copy of such certification, together with a detailed justification thereof, is transmitted to the Congress and to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives at least ten days prior to the exercise of that authority for such use.

(Sept. 8, 1950, ch. 932, title III, §301, 64 Stat. 800; June 30, 1953, ch. 171, §4, 67 Stat. 129; Pub. L. 91–379, title I, §104, Aug. 15, 1970, 84 Stat. 799; Pub. L. 96–294, title I, §104(a), (b), June 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 618; Pub. L. 98–265, §§3(a), 4(a), Apr. 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 149, 150; Pub. L. 102–558, title I, §§121(a), 141, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4203, 4217; Pub. L. 107–47, §4(1)–(3), (5), Oct. 5, 2001, 115 Stat. 260.)

References in Text

Section 702, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), was subsequently amended, and section 702(16) no longer defines the term “small-business concern”. However, such term is defined elsewhere in that section.

Amendments

2001—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–47, §4(1), substituted “section 702(16)” for “section 714(a)(1) of this Act”.

Subsec. (e)(1)(A)–(C). Pub. L. 107–47, §4(2), substituted “industrial resource or critical technology item shortfall” for “industrial resource shortfall” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (e)(1)(D)(ii). Pub. L. 107–47, §4(3), inserted “item” after “critical technology”.

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 107–47, §4(5), substituted “Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives” for “Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives”.

1992—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–558, §121(a)(1), substituted “to expedite or expand production and deliveries or services under Government contracts for the procurement of industrial resources or critical technology items essential to the national defense” for “to expedite production and deliveries or services under Government contracts for the procurement of materials or the performance of services for the national defense,”.

Subsec. (a)(3)(A). Pub. L. 102–558, §121(a)(2), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “the guaranteed contract or operation is for a material, or the performance of a service, which is essential to the national defense;”.

Subsec. (a)(3)(B). Pub. L. 102–558, §121(a)(3), substituted “without” for “Without” and “the needed industrial resources or critical technology item” for “the capability for the needed material or service”.

Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Pub. L. 102–558, §121(a)(4), amended subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (D) read as follows: “the United States national defense demand is equal to, or greater than, the output of domestic industrial capability which the President reasonably determines to be available for national defense, including the output to be established through the guarantee.”

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 102–558, §121(a)(5), substituted “Except as provided in subparagraph (D)” for “Except during periods of national emergency declared by the Congress or the President”.

Subsec. (e)(1)(C). Pub. L. 102–558, §121(a)(6), substituted “$50,000,000” for “$25,000,000”.

Subsec. (e)(1)(D). Pub. L. 102–558, §121(a)(7), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 102–558, §141, substituted “and to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives” for “and to the Committees on Banking and Currency of the respective Houses”.

1984—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 98–265, §3(a), added par. (3).

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 98–265, §4(a), substituted provision that a guarantee be made under this section only if the industrial resource shortfall which such guarantee is intended to correct is identified for provision that the maximum obligation under this section not exceed $38,000,000, but if guarantees exceed such amount, Congressional committees be notified and no disapproving resolution be adopted within a 60-day period of continuous session of Congress, with provision for determination of continuity of Congressional session for the purpose of computing such 60-day period.

1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–294, §104(a), designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted references to Departments of Defense and Energy for references to Departments of Army, Navy, and Air Force, and added par. (2).

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 96–294, §104(b), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), substituted “Except as provided in subparagraph (B)” for “Except with the approval of Congress” and “$38,000,000” for “$20,000,000”, and added subpar. (B).

1970—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–379 added subsec. (e).

1953—Subsec. (a). Act June 30, 1953, made it clear that Government guaranties of credit may be made under this section in connection with the termination of Government contracts, and to provide that no small-business concern shall be denied a guaranty merely because an alternative source of supply exists for the item to be procured on the Government contract involved.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–558 deemed to have become effective Mar. 1, 1992, see section 304 of Pub. L. 102–558, set out as a note under section 2062 of this Appendix.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–294 effective June 30, 1980, see section 107 of Pub. L. 96–294, set out as a note under section 2062 of this Appendix.

Termination Date

Termination of section, see section 2166(a) of this Appendix.

Transfer of Functions

Act July 30, 1953, ch. 282, title I, §107(a)(2), (b), 67 Stat. 273, required President to transfer functions, powers, duties, and authority of Reconstruction Finance Corporation under sections 2091 to 2094 of this Appendix within sixty days after July 30, 1953, and provided that all assets, funds, contracts, loans, liabilities, commitments, authorizations, allocations, personnel, and records of Corporation, which Director of Bureau of the Budget [now Office of Management and Budget], determined necessary to performance of such functions were to be transferred to officer or agency of Government to which such functions were transferred.

Delegation of Functions

Functions of President under act Sept. 8, 1950 [section 2061 et seq. of this Appendix], relating to production, conservation, use, control, distribution, and allocation of energy, delegated to Secretary of Energy, see section 4 of Ex. Ord. No. 11790, eff. June 25, 1974, 39 F.R. 23185, set out as a note under section 761 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

Executive Order No. 10223

Ex. Ord. No. 10223, Mar. 12, 1951, 16 F.R. 2247, providing for the performance of certain functions under act Sept. 8, 1950, was revoked by section 404 of Ex. Ord. No. 10281, Aug. 28, 1951, 16 F.R. 8789.

1 See References in Text note below.