(a) For purposes of this Act [sections 2061 to 2171 of this Appendix], the term “Government synthetic fuel project” means a synthetic fuel project undertaken in accordance with the provisions of section 306(c) [section 2096(c) of this Appendix].
(b)(1)(A) For purposes of this Act [sections 2061 to 2171 of this Appendix], the term “synthetic fuel” means any solid, liquid, or gas, or combination thereof, which can be used as a substitute for petroleum or natural gas (or any derivatives thereof, including chemical feedstocks) and which is produced by chemical or physical transformation (other than washing, coking, or desulfurizing) of domestic sources of—
(i) coal, including lignite and peat;
(iii) tar sands, including those heavy oil resources where—
(I) the cost and the technical and economic risks make extraction and processing of a heavy oil resource uneconomical under applicable pricing and tax policies; and
(II) the costs and risks are comparable to those associated with shale, coal, and tar sand resources (other than heavy oil) qualifying for assistance under section 305 [section 2095 of this Appendix] or section 306 [section 2096 of this Appendix]; and
(iv) water, as a source of hydrogen only through electrolysis.
(B) Such term includes mixtures of coal and combustible liquids, including petroleum.
(C) Such term does not include solids, liquids, or gases, or combinations thereof, derived from biomass, which includes timber, animal and timber waste, municipal and industrial waste, sewage, sludge, oceanic and terrestrial plants, and other organic matter.
(2)(A) For purposes of this Act [sections 2061 to 2171 of this Appendix], the term “synthetic fuel project” means any facility using an integrated process or processes at a specific geographic location in the United States for the purpose of commercial production of synthetic fuel. The project may include only—
(i) the facility, including the equipment, plant, machinery, supplies, and other materials associated with the facility, which converts the domestic resource to synthetic fuel;
(ii) the land and mineral rights required directly for use in connection with the facilities for the production of synthetic fuels;
(iii) any facility or equipment to be used in the extraction of a mineral for use directly and exclusively in such conversion;
(aa) is co-located with the conversion facility or is located in the immediate vicinity of the conversion facility; or
(bb) if not co-located or located in the immediate vicinity, is incidental to the project (except in the event of a coal mine where no other reasonable source of coal is available to the project); and
(II) which is necessary to the project; and
(iv) any transportation facility, electric powerplant, electric transmission line or other facility—
(I) which is for the exclusive use of the project;
(II) which is incidental to the project; and
(III) which is necessary to the project, except that transportation facilities used to transport synthetic fuel away from the project shall be used exclusively to transport synthetic fuel to a storage facility or pipeline connecting to an existing pipeline or processing facility or area within close proximity of the project.
(B)(i) Such term may also include a project which will result in the replacement of a significant amount of oil and is—
(I) used solely for the production of a mixture of coal and combustible liquids, including petroleum, for direct use as a fuel, but shall not include—
(aa) any mineral right; or
(bb) any facility or equipment for extraction of any mineral;
(II) used solely for the commercial production of hydrogen from water through electrolysis; and
(III) a magnetohydrodynamic topping cycle used solely for the commercial production of electricity.
(ii) Such a synthetic fuel project using magnetohydrodynamic technology shall only be eligible for guarantees under section 305 [section 2095 of this Appendix] or section 306 [section 2096 of this Appendix].
(C) For purposes of this paragraph—
(i) the term “exclusive” means for the sole use of the project, except that an incidental by-product might be used for other purposes;
(ii) the term “incidental” means a relatively small portion of the total project cost; and
(iii) the term “necessary” means an integrated part of the project taking into account considerations of economy and efficiency of operation.
(c) For purposes of section 305 [section 2095 of this Appendix] and section 306 [section 2096 of this Appendix], the term “United States” means the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
(Sept. 8, 1950, ch. 932, title III, §308, as added Pub. L. 96–294, title I, §104(e), June 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 631.)
Section effective June 30, 1980, see section 107 of Pub. L. 96–294, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 2062 of this Appendix.
Termination of section, see section 2166(a) of this Appendix.
For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.