A person that submits to the Secretary an application under section 360j(m) of this title, or an application (or supplement to an application) or a product development protocol under section 360e of this title, shall include in the application or protocol the information described in paragraph (2).
The application or protocol described in paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to the device for which approval is sought and if readily available—
(A) a description of any pediatric subpopulations that suffer from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure; and
(B) the number of affected pediatric patients.
Not later than 18 months after September 27, 2007, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a report that includes—
(A) the number of devices approved in the year preceding the year in which the report is submitted, for which there is a pediatric subpopulation that suffers from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure;
(B) the number of devices approved in the year preceding the year in which the report is submitted, labeled for use in pediatric patients;
(C) the number of pediatric devices approved in the year preceding the year in which the report is submitted, exempted from a fee pursuant to section 379j(a)(2)(B)(v) of this title; and
(D) the review time for each device described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).
If the course of the disease or condition and the effects of the device are sufficiently similar in adults and pediatric patients, the Secretary may conclude that adult data may be used to support a determination of a reasonable assurance of effectiveness in pediatric populations, as appropriate.
A study may not be needed in each pediatric subpopulation if data from one subpopulation can be extrapolated to another subpopulation.
For purposes of this section, the term “pediatric subpopulation” has the meaning given the term in section 360j(m)(6)(E)(ii) of this title.
(June 25, 1938, ch. 675, §515A, as added Pub. L. 110–85, title III, §302, Sept. 27, 2007, 121 Stat. 859.)