42 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2010 Edition
Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
CHAPTER 155 - AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ACTIVITIES
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

CHAPTER 155—AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ACTIVITIES

§§17701, 17702. Transferred

Codification

Section 17701, Pub. L. 110–422, §2, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4781, which related to congressional findings on the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, was transferred and is set out as a note under section 20102 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

Section 17702, Pub. L. 110–422, §3, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4782, which related to definitions, was transferred and is set out as a note under section 10101 of Title 51.

SUBCHAPTER I—EARTH SCIENCE

§17711. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title II, §201, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4784, related to goal for NASA's Earth Science program. See section 60501 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

§§17712, 17713. Repealed or Omitted

Codification

Section 17712, Pub. L. 110–422, title II, §204, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4785, which related to transitioning experimental research into operational services, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsecs. (b), (c), and (d) were repealed and reenacted as subsecs. (a), (b), and (c), respectively, of section 60502 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (a), which provided sense of Congress regarding such transitioning, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

Section 17713, Pub. L. 110–422, title II, §206, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4785, which related to reauthorization of Glory Mission examining effect of aerosols and solar energy on climate, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsec. (a) was repealed and reenacted as section 60503 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (b), which required baseline report no later than 90 days after Oct. 15, 2008, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

§17714. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title II, §208, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4786, related to cooperative activities with NOAA to study tornadoes and other severe storms. See section 60504 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

SUBCHAPTER II—AERONAUTICS

§§17721, 17722. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section 17721, Pub. L. 110–422, title III, §302, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4786, related to environmentally friendly aircraft research and development initiative. See section 40702 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

Section 17722, Pub. L. 110–422, title III, §303, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4787, related to research alignment in fundamental aeronautics research program. See section 40703 of Title 51.

§17723. Repealed or Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title III, §304, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4787, which related to research program to determine perceived impact of sonic booms, was repealed in part and transferred in part. Subsecs. (b) and (c) were repealed and reenacted as section 40704 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (a) was transferred and is set out as a note under section 40704 of Title 51.

§17724. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title III, §307, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4788, related to funding for research and development activities in support of other mission directorates. See section 40104 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

SUBCHAPTER III—EXPLORATION INITIATIVE

§17731. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title IV, §403, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4789, related to stepping stone approach to exploration. See section 70504 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

§17732. Repealed or Omitted

Codification

Section 17732, Pub. L. 110–422, title IV, §404, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4789, which related to establishment of a lunar outpost, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsecs. (a) and (b) were repealed and reenacted as section 70505 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (c), providing sense of Congress relating to use of commercial services in support of lunar outpost activities, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

§17733. Repealed or Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title IV, §405, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4789, which related to exploration technology development, was repealed in part and transferred in part. Subsec. (b) was repealed and reenacted as section 70506 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (a) was transferred and is set out as a note under section 70506 of Title 51.

§17734. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title IV, §407, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4790, related to discussions of common docking system standard among spacefaring nations to facilitate exploration crew rescue. See section 71301 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

SUBCHAPTER IV—SPACE SCIENCE

§§17741, 17742. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section 17741, Pub. L. 110–422, title V, §501, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4791, related to long-term technology development program for space and Earth science. See section 70507 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

Section 17742, Pub. L. 110–422, title V, §502, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4791, provided for future servicing of observatory-class scientific spacecraft. See section 70508 of Title 51.

SUBCHAPTER V—SPACE OPERATIONS

Part A—International Space Station

§17751. Repealed or Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VI, §601, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4793, which related to plan to support operation and utilization of the International Space Station beyond fiscal year 2015, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsec. (a) was repealed and reenacted as section 70907 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (b), which required Administrator to submit a plan to congressional committees not later than nine months after Oct. 15, 2008, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

§17752. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VI, §602, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4795, related to International Space Station National Laboratory Advisory Committee. See section 70906 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

§17753. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VI, §603, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4796, which related to contingency plan for cargo resupply of the International Space Station, and required contingency plan to be delivered to congressional committees no later than one year after Oct. 15, 2008, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314.

Part B—Space Shuttle

§17761. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VI, §613, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4799, which related to Space Shuttle transition and disposition of program-related assets, and provided for Space Shuttle Transition Liaison Office, was transferred and is set out as a note under section 70501 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

Part C—Launch Services

§17771. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VI, §621, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4801, which related to Launch Services strategy, was transferred and is set out as a note under section 50903 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

SUBCHAPTER VI—EDUCATION

§17781. Repealed or Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VII, §704, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4802, which related to enhancement of NASA's educational role, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsec. (b) was repealed and reenacted as subsec. (d) of section 40903, and subsec. (c) was repealed and reenacted as section 40311, of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (a), which provided sense of Congress regarding educational and agency use of the International Space Station National Laboratory, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

SUBCHAPTER VII—NEAR-EARTH OBJECTS

§17791. Repealed or Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VIII, §801, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4803, which reaffirmed policy on surveying near-Earth asteroids and comets, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsec. (a) was repealed and reenacted as section 71101 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (b), which provided sense of Congress regarding the policy and its benefits, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

§17792. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title VIII, §802, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4803, which related to Congressional findings regarding threat of collision of potentially hazardous near-Earth object with Earth, was transferred and is set out as a note under section 71101 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

§§17793 to 17795. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section 17793, Pub. L. 110–422, title VIII, §803, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4803, related to requests for specific mission information. See section 71102 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

Section 17794, Pub. L. 110–422, title VIII, §804, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4804, established policy with respect to threats posed by near-Earth objects. See section 71103 of Title 51.

Section 17795, Pub. L. 110–422, title VIII, §805, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4804, related to required planetary radar capability. See section 71104 of Title 51.

SUBCHAPTER VIII—COMMERCIAL INITIATIVES

§17801. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title IX, §902, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4805, related to commercial crew transfer and crew rescue services for the International Space Station. See section 50111(b) of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

SUBCHAPTER IX—REVITALIZATION OF NASA INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITIES

§§17811, 17812. Repealed or Omitted

Codification

Section 17811, Pub. L. 110–422, title X, §1002, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4806, which related to maintenance and upgrade of NASA Center facilities, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsec. (a) was repealed and reenacted as section 31502 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (b), which required determination of maintenance and upgrade backlog at NASA Centers and facilities, and subsec. (c), which required report to Congress to be delivered concurrently with fiscal 2011 budget request, were omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

Section 17812, Pub. L. 110–422, title X, §1003, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4807, which related to assessment of NASA laboratory capabilities, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsec. (a) was repealed and reenacted as section 31503 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (b), which required independent external review of NASA laboratories and report to congressional committees no later than 18 months after Oct. 15, 2008, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

SUBCHAPTER X—OTHER PROVISIONS

§17821. Repealed or Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1102, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4808, which related to initiation of discussions on development of framework for space traffic management, was repealed in part and transferred in part. Subsec. (b) was repealed and reenacted as section 71302 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (a), which provided congressional finding of need for space traffic management, was transferred and is set out as a note under section 71302 of Title 51.

§§17822 to 17824. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section 17822, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1103, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4808, related to astronaut health care. See section 31302 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

Section 17823, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1104, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4809, related to National Academies decadal surveys. See section 20305 of Title 51.

Section 17824, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1107, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4810, related to NASA outreach program to promote business competitiveness through space and aeronautics technologies. See section 30305 of Title 51.

§17825. Repealed or Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1109, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4811, which related to protection of scientific credibility, integrity, and communication within NASA, was repealed in part and omitted in part. Subsec. (c) was repealed and reenacted as section 60506 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314, §§3, 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, 3444, which Act enacted Title 51. Subsec. (a), which provided sense of Congress regarding NASA's posture toward scientific research, and subsec. (b), which directed Comptroller General to initiate study within 60 days after Oct. 15, 2008, complete it within 270 days, and report to Congress, were omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51.

§17826. Omitted

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1111, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4811, which required a plan and inventory of natural methane stocks and fluxes in the polar region of the United States within 12 months after Oct. 15, 2008, was omitted from the Code following the enactment of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs, by Pub. L. 111–314.

§§17827 to 17829. Repealed. Pub. L. 111–314, §6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444

Section 17827, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1112, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4811, provided an exception to alternative fuel procurement requirement. See section 30310 of Title 51, National and Commercial Space Programs.

Section 17828, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1116, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4813, related to cooperative unmanned aerial vehicle activities. See section 31504 of Title 51.

Section 17829, Pub. L. 110–422, title XI, §1117, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4813, related to development of enhanced-use lease policy. See section 31505 of Title 51.