26 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE
Subtitle D - Miscellaneous Excise Taxes
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

Subtitle D—Miscellaneous Excise Taxes

Chapter
Sec.1
31.
Retail excise taxes
4001

        

32.
Manufacturers excise taxes
4061
33.
Facilities and services
4231
34.
Taxes on certain insurance policies
4371
35.
Taxes on wagering
4401
36.
Certain other excise taxes
4451
[37.
Repealed.]
38.
Environmental taxes
4611
39.
Registration-required obligations
4701
40.
General provisions relating to occupational taxes
4901
41.
Public charities
4911
42.
Private foundations; and certain other tax-exempt organizations
4940
43.
Qualified pension, etc., plans
4971
44.
Real estate investment trusts
4981
45.
Provisions relating to expatriated entities
4985
46.
Golden parachute payments
4999
47.
Certain group health plans
5000
48.
Maintenance of minimum essential coverage
5000A
49.
Cosmetic services
5000B
50.
Foreign procurement
5000C

        

Amendments

2011—Pub. L. 111–347, title III, §301(a)(2), Jan. 2, 2011, 124 Stat. 3666, added item for chapter 50.

2010—Pub. L. 111–148, title X, §10907(c), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 1020, added item for chapter 49.

Pub. L. 111–148, title IX, §9017(b), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 872, which directed amendment of analysis by adding item for chapter 49, was not executed in view of Pub. L. 111–148, title X, §10907(a), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 1020, which provided that the amendments made by section 9017 of Pub. L. 111–148 were deemed null, void, and of no effect.

Pub. L. 111–148, title I, §1501(c), title VI, §6301(e)(2)(B)(ii), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 249, 747, added items for chapters 34 and 48 and struck out former item for chapter 34 “Documentary stamp taxes”.

2004—Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §802(c)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1568, added item for chapter 45.

1990—Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11801(b)(17), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–522, struck out item for chapter 37 “Sugar, coconut and palm oil”.

1989—Pub. L. 101–239, title VI, §6202(b)(4)(B), title VII, §7841(d)(4), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2233, 2428, substituted semicolon for comma in item for chapter 42 and struck out “large” after “Certain” in item for chapter 47.

1988—Pub. L. 100–418, title I, §1941(b)(3)(A), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1324, struck out item for chapter 45 “Windfall profit tax on domestic crude oil”.

1987—Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10712(c)(8), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–467, substituted “and certain other tax-exempt organizations” for “black lung benefit trusts” in item for chapter 42.

1986—Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, §9319(d)(2), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2012, added item for chapter 47.

1984—Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, §67(d)(2), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 587, added item for chapter 46.

1983—Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §512(b)(2)(B), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2177, substituted “Retail excise taxes” for “Special fuels” in item for chapter 31.

1982—Pub. L. 97–248, title III, §310(b)(4)(B), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 598, added item for chapter 39.

1980—Pub. L. 96–510, title II, §211(b), Dec. 11, 1980, 94 Stat. 2801, added item for chapter 38.

Pub. L. 96–223, §101(a)(2), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 250, added item for chapter 45.

1978—Pub. L. 95–227, §4(c)(2)(C), Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 22, inserted “, black lung benefit trusts” after “foundations” in item for chapter 42.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XIII, §1307(d)(3)(A), title XVI, §1605(c), title XIX, §§1904(b)(7)(E), (10)(G), 1952(n)(6), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1728, 1755, 1815, 1818, 1846, substituted “41. Public charities” for “41. Interest equalization tax” added item for chapter 44 and struck out items for chapters “38. Import taxes” and “39. Regulatory taxes”.

1974—Pub. L. 93–406, title II, §1016(b)(2), Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 932, added item for chapter 43.

1969—Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §101(j)(59), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 532, added item for chapter 42.

1964—Pub. L. 88–563, §2(b), Sept. 2, 1964, 78 Stat. 841, added item for chapter 41.

Imposition of Annual Fee on Branded Prescription Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Importers

Pub. L. 111–148, title IX, §9008, Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 859, as amended by Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1404(a), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1064, provided that:

“(a) Imposition of Fee.—

“(1) In general.—Each covered entity engaged in the business of manufacturing or importing branded prescription drugs shall pay to the Secretary of the Treasury not later than the annual payment date of each calendar year beginning after 2010 a fee in an amount determined under subsection (b).

“(2) Annual payment date.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘annual payment date’ means with respect to any calendar year the date determined by the Secretary, but in no event later than September 30 of such calendar year.

“(b) Determination of Fee Amount.—

“(1) In general.—With respect to each covered entity, the fee under this section for any calendar year shall be equal to an amount that bears the same ratio to the applicable amount as—

“(A) the covered entity's branded prescription drug sales taken into account during the preceding calendar year, bear to

“(B) the aggregate branded prescription drug sales of all covered entities taken into account during such preceding calendar year.

“(2) Sales taken into account.—For purposes of paragraph (1), the branded prescription drug sales taken into account during any calendar year with respect to any covered entity shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

“With respect to a covered entity's aggregate branded prescription drug sales during the calendar year that are:The percentage of such sales taken into account is:
Not more than $5,000,000 0 percent
More than $5,000,000 but not more than $125,000,000 10 percent
More than $125,000,000 but not more than $225,000,000 40 percent
More than $225,000,000 but not more than $400,000,000 75 percent
More than $400,000,000 100 percent.

“(3) Secretarial determination.—The Secretary of the Treasury shall calculate the amount of each covered entity's fee for any calendar year under paragraph (1). In calculating such amount, the Secretary of the Treasury shall determine such covered entity's branded prescription drug sales on the basis of reports submitted under subsection (g) and through the use of any other source of information available to the Secretary of the Treasury.

“(4) Applicable amount.—For purposes of paragraph (1), the applicable amount shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

  
“Calendar year Applicable amount
2011 $2,500,000,000
2012 $2,800,000,000
2013 $2,800,000,000
2014 $3,000,000,000
2015 $3,000,000,000
2016 $3,000,000,000
2017 $4,000,000,000
2018 $4,100,000,000
2019 and thereafter $2,800,000,000.

“(c) Transfer of Fees to Medicare Part B Trust Fund.—There is hereby appropriated to the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund established under section 1841 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395t] an amount equal to the fees received by the Secretary of the Treasury under subsection (a).

“(d) Covered Entity.—

“(1) In general.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘covered entity’ means any manufacturer or importer with gross receipts from branded prescription drug sales.

“(2) Controlled groups.—

“(A) In general.—For purposes of this subsection, all persons treated as a single employer under subsection (a) or (b) of section 52 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or subsection (m) or (o) of section 414 of such Code shall be treated as a single covered entity.

“(B) Inclusion of foreign corporations.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), in applying subsections (a) and (b) of section 52 of such Code to this section, section 1563 of such Code shall be applied without regard to subsection (b)(2)(C) thereof.

“(3) Joint and several liability.—If more than one person is liable for payment of the fee under subsection (a) with respect to a single covered entity by reason of the application of paragraph (2), all such persons shall be jointly and severally liable for payment of such fee.

“(e) Branded Prescription Drug Sales.—For purposes of this section—

“(1) In general.—The term ‘branded prescription drug sales’ means sales of branded prescription drugs to any specified government program or pursuant to coverage under any such program.

“(2) Branded prescription drugs.—

“(A) In general.—The term ‘branded prescription drug’ means—

“(i) any prescription drug the application for which was submitted under section 505(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(b)), or

“(ii) any biological product the license for which was submitted under section 351(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262(a)).

“(B) Prescription drug.—For purposes of subparagraph (A)(i), the term ‘prescription drug’ means any drug which is subject to section 503(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 353(b)).

“(3) Exclusion of orphan drug sales.—The term ‘branded prescription drug sales’ shall not include sales of any drug or biological product with respect to which a credit was allowed for any taxable year under section 45C of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. The preceding sentence shall not apply with respect to any such drug or biological product after the date on which such drug or biological product is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for marketing for any indication other than the treatment of the rare disease or condition with respect to which such credit was allowed.

“(4) Specified government program.—The term ‘specified government program’ means—

“(A) the Medicare Part D program under part D of title XVIII of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395w–101 et seq.],

“(B) the Medicare Part B program under part B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.],

“(C) the Medicaid program under title XIX of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.],

“(D) any program under which branded prescription drugs are procured by the Department of Veterans Affairs,

“(E) any program under which branded prescription drugs are procured by the Department of Defense, or

“(F) the TRICARE retail pharmacy program under section 1074g of title 10, United States Code.

“(f) Tax Treatment of Fees.—The fees imposed by this section—

“(1) for purposes of subtitle F of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, shall be treated as excise taxes with respect to which only civil actions for refund under procedures of such subtitle shall apply, and

“(2) for purposes of section 275 of such Code, shall be considered to be a tax described in section 275(a)(6).

“(g) Reporting Requirement.—Not later than the date determined by the Secretary of the Treasury following the end of any calendar year, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of Defense shall report to the Secretary of the Treasury, in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury prescribes, the total branded prescription drug sales for each covered entity with respect to each specified government program under such Secretary's jurisdiction using the following methodology:

“(1) Medicare part d program.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall report, for each covered entity and for each branded prescription drug of the covered entity covered by the Medicare Part D program, the product of—

“(A) the per-unit ingredient cost, as reported to the Secretary of Health and Human Services by prescription drug plans and Medicare Advantage prescription drug plans, minus any per-unit rebate, discount, or other price concession provided by the covered entity, as reported to the Secretary of Health and Human Services by the prescription drug plans and Medicare Advantage prescription drug plans, and

“(B) the number of units of the branded prescription drug paid for under the Medicare Part D program.

“(2) Medicare part b program.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall report, for each covered entity and for each branded prescription drug of the covered entity covered by the Medicare Part B program under section 1862(a) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395y(a)], the product of—

“(A) the per-unit average sales price (as defined in section 1847A(c) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395w–3a(c)]) or the per-unit Part B payment rate for a separately paid branded prescription drug without a reported average sales price, and

“(B) the number of units of the branded prescription drug paid for under the Medicare Part B program.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services shall establish a process for determining the units and the allocated price for purposes of this section for those branded prescription drugs that are not separately payable or for which National Drug Codes are not reported.

“(3) Medicaid program.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall report, for each covered entity and for each branded prescription drug of the covered entity covered under the Medicaid program, the product of—

“(A) the per-unit ingredient cost paid to pharmacies by States for the branded prescription drug dispensed to Medicaid beneficiaries, minus any per-unit rebate paid by the covered entity under section 1927 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1396r–8] and any State supplemental rebate, and

“(B) the number of units of the branded prescription drug paid for under the Medicaid program.

“(4) Department of veterans affairs programs.—The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall report, for each covered entity and for each branded prescription drug of the covered entity the total amount paid for each such branded prescription drug procured by the Department of Veterans Affairs for its beneficiaries.

“(5) Department of defense programs and tricare.—The Secretary of Defense shall report, for each covered entity and for each branded prescription drug of the covered entity, the sum of—

“(A) the total amount paid for each such branded prescription drug procured by the Department of Defense for its beneficiaries, and

“(B) for each such branded prescription drug dispensed under the TRICARE retail pharmacy program, the product of—

“(i) the per-unit ingredient cost, minus any per-unit rebate paid by the covered entity, and

“(ii) the number of units of the branded prescription drug dispensed under such program.

“(h) Secretary.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘Secretary’ includes the Secretary's delegate.

“(i) Guidance.—The Secretary of the Treasury shall publish guidance necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

“(j) Effective Date.—This section shall apply to calendar years beginning after December 31, 2010.

“(k) Conforming Amendment.—[Amended section 1395t of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.]”

[Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1404(b), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1064, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 9008 of Pub. L. 111–148, set out above] shall take effect as if included in section 9008 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act [Pub. L. 111–148].”]

Imposition of Annual Fee on Medical Device Manufacturers and Importers

Pub. L. 111–148, title IX, §9009, Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 862, as amended by Pub. L. 111–148, title X, §10904(a), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 1016, provided for the imposition of an annual fee on medical device manufacturers and importers in calendar years beginning after 2010, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1405(d), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1065.

[Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1405(d), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1065, provided that the repeal of section 9009 of Pub. L. 111–148, formerly set out above, is effective as of Mar. 23, 2010.]

Imposition of Annual Fee on Health Insurance Providers

Pub. L. 111–148, title IX, §9010, title X, §10905(a)–(f), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 865, 1017–1019, as amended by Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1406(a), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1065, provided that:

“(a) Imposition of Fee.—

“(1) In general.—Each covered entity engaged in the business of providing health insurance shall pay to the Secretary not later than the annual payment date of each calendar year beginning after 2013 a fee in an amount determined under subsection (b).

“(2) Annual payment date.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘annual payment date’ means with respect to any calendar year the date determined by the Secretary, but in no event later than September 30 of such calendar year.

“(b) Determination of Fee Amount.—

“(1) In general.—With respect to each covered entity, the fee under this section for any calendar year shall be equal to an amount that bears the same ratio to the applicable amount as—

“(A) the covered entity's net premiums written with respect to health insurance for any United States health risk that are taken into account during the preceding calendar year, bears to

“(B) the aggregate net premiums written with respect to such health insurance of all covered entities that are taken into account during such preceding calendar year.

“(2) Amounts taken into account.—For purposes of paragraph (1)—

“(A) In general.—The net premiums written with respect to health insurance for any United States health risk that are taken into account during any calendar year with respect to any covered entity shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

“With respect to a covered entity's net premiums written during the calendar year that are:The percentage of net premiums written that are taken into account is:
Not more than $25,000,000 0 percent
More than $25,000,000 but not more than $50,000,000 50 percent
More than $50,000,000 100 percent.

“(B) Partial exclusion for certain exempt activities.—After the application of subparagraph (A), only 50 percent of the remaining net premiums written with respect to health insurance for any United States health risk that are attributable to the activities (other than activities of an unrelated trade or business as defined in section 513 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) of any covered entity qualifying under paragraph (3), (4), (26), or (29) of section 501(c) of such Code and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code shall be taken into account.

“(3) Secretarial determination.—The Secretary shall calculate the amount of each covered entity's fee for any calendar year under paragraph (1). In calculating such amount, the Secretary shall determine such covered entity's net premiums written with respect to any United States health risk on the basis of reports submitted by the covered entity under subsection (g) and through the use of any other source of information available to the Secretary.

“(c) Covered Entity.—

“(1) In general.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘covered entity’ means any entity which provides health insurance for any United States health risk during the calendar year in which the fee under this section is due.

“(2) Exclusion.—Such term does not include—

“(A) any employer to the extent that such employer self-insures its employees’ health risks,

“(B) any governmental entity,

“(C) any entity—

“(i) which is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under a State law,

“(ii) no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation (except as otherwise provided in section 501(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), and which does not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distributing of statements), any political campaign on behalf of (or in opposition to) any candidate for public office, and

“(iii) more than 80 percent of the gross revenues of which is received from government programs that target low-income, elderly, or disabled populations under titles XVIII, XIX, and XXI of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395 et seq., 1396 et seq., 1397aa et seq.], and

“(D) any entity which is described in section 501(c)(9) of such Code and which is established by an entity (other than by an employer or employers) for purposes of providing health care benefits.

“(3) Controlled groups.—

“(A) In general.—For purposes of this subsection, all persons treated as a single employer under subsection (a) or (b) of section 52 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or subsection (m) or (o) of section 414 of such Code shall be treated as a single covered entity (or employer for purposes of paragraph (2)).

“(B) Inclusion of foreign corporations.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), in applying subsections (a) and (b) of section 52 of such Code to this section, section 1563 of such Code shall be applied without regard to subsection (b)(2)(C) thereof.

If any entity described in subparagraph (C) or (D) of paragraph (2) is treated as a covered entity by reason of the application of the preceding sentence, the net premiums written with respect to health insurance for any United States health risk of such entity shall not be taken into account for purposes of this section.

“(4) Joint and several liability.—If more than one person is liable for payment of the fee under subsection (a) with respect to a single covered entity by reason of the application of paragraph (3), all such persons shall be jointly and severally liable for payment of such fee.

“(d) United States Health Risk.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘United States health risk’ means the health risk of any individual who is—

“(1) a United States citizen,

“(2) a resident of the United States (within the meaning of section 7701(b)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), or

“(3) located in the United States, with respect to the period such individual is so located.

“(e) Applicable Amount.—For purposes of subsection (b)(1)—

“(1) Years before 2019.—In the case of calendar years beginning before 2019, the applicable amount shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

  
“Calendar year Applicable amount
2014 $8,000,000,000
2015 $11,300,000,000
2016 $11,300,000,000
2017 $13,900,000,000
2018 $14,300,000,000.

“(2) Years after 2018.—In the case of any calendar year beginning after 2018, the applicable amount shall be the applicable amount for the preceding calendar year increased by the rate of premium growth (within the meaning of section 36B(b)(3)(A)(ii) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) for such preceding calendar year.

“(f) Tax Treatment of Fees.—The fees imposed by this section—

“(1) for purposes of subtitle F of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, shall be treated as excise taxes with respect to which only civil actions for refund under procedures of such subtitle shall apply, and

“(2) for purposes of section 275 of such Code shall be considered to be a tax described in section 275(a)(6).

“(g) Reporting Requirement.—

“(1) In general.—Not later than the date determined by the Secretary following the end of any calendar year, each covered entity shall report to the Secretary, in such manner as the Secretary prescribes, the covered entity's net premiums written with respect to health insurance for any United States health risk for such calendar year.

“(2) Penalty for failure to report.—

“(A) In general.—In the case of any failure to make a report containing the information required by paragraph (1) on the date prescribed therefor (determined with regard to any extension of time for filing), unless it is shown that such failure is due to reasonable cause, there shall be paid by the covered entity failing to file such report, an amount equal to—

“(i) $10,000, plus

“(ii) the lesser of—

     “(I) an amount equal to $1,000, multiplied by the number of days during which such failure continues, or

     “(II) the amount of the fee imposed by this section for which such report was required.

“(B) Treatment of penalty.—The penalty imposed under subparagraph (A)—

“(i) shall be treated as a penalty for purposes of subtitle F of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986,

“(ii) shall be paid on notice and demand by the Secretary and in the same manner as tax under such Code, and

“(iii) with respect to which only civil actions for refund under procedures of such subtitle F shall apply.

“(3) Accuracy-related penalty.—

“(A) In general.—In the case of any understatement of a covered entity's net premiums written with respect to health insurance for any United States health risk for any calendar year, there shall be paid by the covered entity making such understatement, an amount equal to the excess of—

“(i) the amount of the covered entity's fee under this section for the calendar year the Secretary determines should have been paid in the absence of any such understatement, over

“(ii) the amount of such fee the Secretary determined based on such understatement.

“(B) Understatement.—For purposes of this paragraph, an understatement of a covered entity's net premiums written with respect to health insurance for any United States health risk for any calendar year is the difference between the amount of such net premiums written as reported on the return filed by the covered entity under paragraph (1) and the amount of such net premiums written that should have been reported on such return.

“(C) Treatment of penalty.—The penalty imposed under subparagraph (A) shall be subject to the provisions of subtitle F of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that apply to assessable penalties imposed under chapter 68 of such Code.

“(4) Treatment of information.—Section 6103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall not apply to any information reported under this subsection.

“(h) Additional Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

“(1) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary's delegate.

“(2) United states.—The term ‘United States’ means the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the possessions of the United States.

“(3) Health insurance.—The term ‘health insurance’ shall not include—

“(A) any insurance coverage described in paragraph (1)(A) or (3) of section 9832(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986,

“(B) any insurance for long-term care, or

“(C) any medicare supplemental health insurance (as defined in section 1882(g)(1) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395ss(g)(1)]).

“(i) Guidance.—The Secretary shall publish guidance necessary to carry out the purposes of this section and shall prescribe such regulations as are necessary or appropriate to prevent avoidance of the purposes of this section, including inappropriate actions taken to qualify as an exempt entity under subsection (c)(2).

“(j) Effective Date.—This section shall apply to calendar years beginning after December 31, 2013.”

[Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1406(a)(3)(C), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1065, which directed amendment of section 9010(c) of Pub. L. 111–148, set out above, by substituting “subparagraph (C) or (D)” for “subparagraph (C)(i)(I), (D)(i)(I), or (E)(i)” in par. (3)(A), was executed by making the substitution in concluding provisions of par. (3), to reflect the probable intent of Congress.]

[Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1406(b), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1067, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 9010 of Pub. L. 111–148, set out above] shall take effect as if included in section 9010 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act [Pub. L. 111–148].”]

[Pub. L. 111–148, title X, §10905(g), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 1019, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 9010 of Pub. L. 111–148, set out above] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of section 9010.”]

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

CHAPTER 31—RETAIL EXCISE TAXES

Subchapter
Sec.1
A.
Luxury passenger vehicles 2
4001
B.
Special fuels
4041
C.
Heavy trucks and trailers
4051

        

Prior Provisions

The provisions of a prior chapter 31, Miscellaneous Excise Taxes, were set out as:

Subchapter (A), Jewelry and related items, comprising sections 4001 to 4003;

Subchapter (B), Furs, comprising sections 4011 to 4013;

Subchapter (C), Toilet preparations, comprising sections 4021 and 4022;

Subchapter (D), Luggage, handbags, etc., comprising section 4031;

Subchapter (E), Special fuels, comprising sections 4041 and 4042; and

Subchapter (F), Special provisions applicable to retailers tax, comprising sections 4051 to 4058.

The headings for subchs. (A) to (D) were struck out by section 101(b)(1) and the listed sections were repealed by section 101(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, title I, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 136, the Excise Tax Reduction Act of 1965, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, as provided in section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4161 of this title.

The headings for subchs. (E) and (F) were stricken by section 1904(a)(1)(A) of Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1810, the Tax Reform Act of 1976. Sections 4051 to 4053 were repealed by section 101(b)(2) of Pub. L. 89–44, title I, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 136, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, as provided in section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4061 of this title; and sections 4042 and 4054 to 4058 were repealed by section 1904(a)(1)(D) of Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811, effective Feb. 1, 1977, as provided in section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as an Effective Date of 1976 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

The subject matter of the prior sections was as follows:

A prior section 4001, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 473; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §101, 72 Stat. 1275; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §1(a), 73 Stat. 617, imposed an excise tax equivalent to 10 percent of selling price upon jewelry, stones, watches, clocks, case and movements for watches and clocks, flatware and hollow ware, opera glasses, lorgnettes, marine glasses, field glasses, and binoculars.

A prior section 4002, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 473, defined “articles sold at retail” to include articles sold at auction.

A prior section 4003, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 474; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §102, 72 Stat. 1276, specified exemptions to tax imposed by section 4001.

A prior section 4011, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 475, imposed an excise tax equivalent to 10 percent of selling price upon fur articles.

A prior section 4012, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 475, defined “article sold at retail” to include articles manufactured from material supplied by customer and articles sold at auction.

A prior section 4013, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 475, specified exemptions to tax imposed by section 4011.

A prior section 4021, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 476; Apr. 8, 1960, Pub. L. 86–413, §1, 74 Stat. 31, imposed an excise tax equivalent to 10 percent of selling price upon toilet preparations.

A prior section 4022, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 476, specified certain exemptions from tax imposed by section 4021, including items for babies, items used in barber shops and beauty parlors, and miniature samples.

A prior section 4031, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 477; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §103, 72 Stat. 1276, imposed an excise tax equivalent to 10 percent of selling price upon luggage and handbags, including billfolds and wallets, traveler's garment bags, and briefcases.

A prior section 4042, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 478, provided a cross reference to section 4222 for exemption from tax where special motor fuels are sold for use for certain vessels.

A prior section 4051, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 479, defined price for which articles were sold for purposes of determining retailers excise taxes.

A prior section 4052, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 479, provided that lease of an article would be considered sale of article for excise tax purposes.

A prior section 4053, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 479; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §104, 72 Stat. 1276, made provision for imposition of retailers tax on installment sales.

A prior section 4054, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 479, related to application of taxes to retail sales by United States or by any agency or instrumentality of United States unless specifically exempted from such tax.

A prior section 4055, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 480; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title I, §101(b)(3), 79 Stat. 136, exempted from taxes articles sold for exclusive use of any State, Territory of United States, or any political subdivision thereof, or District of Columbia, including use by such entities of any liquid as a fuel.

A prior section 4056, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 480, provided that no tax shall be imposed upon sale of any article for export, or for shipment to a possession of United States and in due course so shipped and exported.

A prior section 4057, added Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §105(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1277; amended Pub. L. 86–344, §2(a), Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 617; Pub. L. 89–44, title I, §101(b)(4), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 136; Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §101(j)(25), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 528, provided an exception with respect to sale of any article to a non-profit educational organization for its exclusive use including use of any liquid as a fuel and defined “non-profit educational organization”.

A prior section 4058, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 480, §4058, formerly 4057; renumbered Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §105(a), 72 Stat. 1277, related to cross references for exemption of sales to United States in certain cases and administrative provisions of general application.

Amendments

1993—Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(b)(3), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 453, substituted “Luxury passenger vehicles” for “Certain luxury items” in item for subchapter A.

1990—Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(e), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–444, added item for subchapter A and redesignated former items for subchapters A and B as B and C, respectively.

1983—Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §512(b)(2)(A), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2177, substituted “Retail Excise Taxes” for “Special Fuels” in chapter heading, and added an analysis for subchapters A and B.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(1)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1810, substituted “Special Fuels” for “Retailers Excise Taxes” in chapter heading.

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

2 So in original. Does not conform to subchapter heading.

Subchapter A—Luxury Passenger Automobiles

Sec.
4001.
Imposition of tax.
4002.
1st retail sale; uses, etc. treated as sales; determination of price.
4003.
Special rules.

        

Prior Provisions

This subchapter consisted of part I with subparts A (§§4001–4004) and B (§§4006, 4007) and part II (§§4011, 4012), prior to being amended generally by Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 449.

Another prior subchapter A of chapter 31 was redesignated subchapter B by Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–438.

Amendments

1993—Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 449, amended subchapter heading and analysis generally, substituting “Luxury Passenger Automobiles” for “Certain Luxury Items” in subchapter heading, striking out part analysis consisting of parts I “Imposition of taxes” and II “Rules of general applicability”, part I heading “IMPOSITION OF TAXES”, subpart analysis consisting of subparts A “Passenger vehicles, boats, and aircraft” and B “Jewelry and furs”, and subpart A heading “Passenger Vehicles, Boats, and Aircraft”, substituting “Imposition of tax” for “Passenger vehicles” in item 4001, “1st retail sale; uses, etc. treated as sales; determination of price” for “Boats” in item 4002, and “Special rules” for “Aircraft” in item 4003, and striking out item 4004 “Rules applicable to subpart A”.

§4001. Imposition of tax

(a) Imposition of tax

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed on the 1st retail sale of any passenger vehicle a tax equal to 10 percent of the price for which so sold to the extent such price exceeds the applicable amount.

(2) Applicable amount

(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), the applicable amount is $30,000.

(B) Qualified clean-fuel vehicle property

In the case of a passenger vehicle which is propelled by a fuel which is not a clean-burning fuel and to which is installed qualified clean-fuel vehicle property (as defined in section 179A(c)(1)(A)) for purposes of permitting such vehicle to be propelled by a clean-burning fuel, the applicable amount is equal to the sum of—

(i) the dollar amount in effect under subparagraph (A), plus

(ii) the increase in the price for which the passenger vehicle was sold (within the meaning of section 4002) due to the installation of such property.

(C) Purpose built passenger vehicle

(i) In general

In the case of a purpose built passenger vehicle, the applicable amount is equal to 150 percent of the dollar amount in effect under subparagraph (A).

(ii) Purpose built passenger vehicle

For purposes of clause (i), the term “purpose built passenger vehicle” means a passenger vehicle produced by an original equipment manufacturer and designed so that the vehicle may be propelled primarily by electricity.

(b) Passenger vehicle

(1) In general

For purposes of this subchapter, the term “passenger vehicle” means any 4-wheeled vehicle—

(A) which is manufactured primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways, and

(B) which is rated at 6,000 pounds unloaded gross vehicle weight or less.

(2) Special rules

(A) Trucks and vans

In the case of a truck or van, paragraph (1)(B) shall be applied by substituting “gross vehicle weight” for “unloaded gross vehicle weight”.

(B) Limousines

In the case of a limousine, paragraph (1) shall be applied without regard to subparagraph (B) thereof.

(c) Exceptions for taxicabs, etc.

The tax imposed by this section shall not apply to the sale of any passenger vehicle for use by the purchaser exclusively in the active conduct of a trade or business of transporting persons or property for compensation or hire.

(d) Exemption for law enforcement uses, etc.

No tax shall be imposed by this section on the sale of any passenger vehicle—

(1) to the Federal Government, or a State or local government, for use exclusively in police, firefighting, search and rescue, or other law enforcement or public safety activities, or in public works activities, or

(2) to any person for use exclusively in providing emergency medical services.

(e) Inflation adjustment

(1) In general

The $30,000 amount in subsection (a) shall be increased by an amount equal to—

(A) $30,000, multiplied by

(B) the cost-of-living adjustment under section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which the vehicle is sold, determined by substituting “calendar year 1990” for “calendar year 1992” in subparagraph (B) thereof.

(2) Rounding

If any amount as adjusted under paragraph (1) is not a multiple of $2,000, such amount shall be rounded to the next lowest multiple of $2,000.

(f) Phasedown

For sales occurring in calendar years after 1995 and before 2003, subsection (a)(1) and section 4003(a) shall be applied by substituting for “10 percent”, each place it appears, the percentage determined in accordance with the following table:


If the calendar year is:
The percentage is:

        

 1996
 9 percent    
 1997
 8 percent    
 1998
 7 percent    
 1999
 6 percent    
 2000
 5 percent    
 2001
 4 percent    
 2002
 3 percent  .

(g) Termination

The taxes imposed by this section and section 4003 shall not apply to any sale, use, or installation after December 31, 2002.

(Added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–439; amended Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 449; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1607(a), (b), 1703(c)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1839, 1875; Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §906(a)–(b)(2), title XVI, §1601(f)(3)(A), (B), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 874, 875, 1090.)

Amendments

1997—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–34, §906(a), amended heading and text of subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed on the 1st retail sale of any passenger vehicle a tax equal to 10 percent of the price for which so sold to the extent such price exceeds $30,000.”

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 105–34, §906(b)(1), struck out “and section 4003(a)” after “in subsection (a)” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 105–34, §1601(f)(3)(A)(i), inserted “and section 4003(a)” after “subsection (a)”.

Pub. L. 105–34, §1601(f)(3)(A)(ii), inserted “, each place it appears,” before “the percentage”.

Pub. L. 105–34, §906(b)(2), substituted “subsection (a)(1)” for “subsection (a)”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–34, §1601(f)(3)(B), substituted “taxes imposed by this section and section 4003” for “tax imposed by this section” and “, use, or installation” for “or use”.

1996—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–188, §1703(c)(1), reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

“(1) In general.—If, for any calendar year, the excess (if any) of—

“(A) $30,000, increased by the cost-of-living adjustment for the calendar year, over

“(B) the dollar amount in effect under subsection (a) for the calendar year,

is equal to or greater than $2,000, then the $30,000 amount in subsection (a) and section 4003(a) (as previously adjusted under this subsection) for any subsequent calendar year shall be increased by the amount of such excess rounded to the next lowest multiple of $2,000.

“(2) Cost-of-living adjustment.—For purposes of paragraph (1), the cost-of-living adjustment for any calendar year shall be the cost-of-living adjustment under section 1(f)(3) for such calendar year, determined by substituting ‘calendar year 1990’ for ‘calendar year 1992’ in subparagraph (B) thereof.”

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–188, §1607(b), added subsec. (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Pub. L. 104–188, §1607(a), substituted “December 31, 2002” for “December 31, 1999”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–188, §1607(b), redesignated subsec. (f) as (g).

1993—Pub. L. 103–66 amended section generally, substituting “Imposition of tax” for “Passenger vehicles” in section catchline and “this subchapter” for “subsection (a)” in subsec. (b)(1) and adding subsecs. (d) to (f).

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Section 906(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 4003 of this title] shall apply to sales and installations occurring after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Section 1601(f)(3)(C) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this paragraph [amending this section] shall apply to sales after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Amendment by section 1601(f)(3)(A), (B) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective as if included in the provisions of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–188, to which it relates, see section 1601(j) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 23 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Section 1607(c) of Pub. L. 104–188 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to sales occurring after the date which is 7 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 20, 1996].”

Section 1703(c)(2) of Pub. L. 104–188 provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 20, 1996].”

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Section 13161(c) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4002, 4003, 4221, and 4222 of this title and omitting sections 4004, 4006, 4007, 4011, and 4012 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1993, except that the provisions of section 4001(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as amended by subsection (a)) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 1993].”

Effective Date

Section 11221(f) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that:

“(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [enacting this subchapter, redesignating former subchapters A and B of this chapter as subchapters B and C, respectively, and amending sections 4221, 4222, and 4293 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1991.

“(2) Exception for binding contracts.—In determining whether any tax imposed by subchapter A of chapter 31 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by this section, applies to any sale after December 31, 1990, there shall not be taken into account the amount paid for any article (or any part or accessory therefor) if the purchaser held on September 30, 1990, a contract (which was binding on such date and at all times thereafter before the purchase) for the purchase of such article (or such part or accessory).”

§4002. 1st retail sale; uses, etc. treated as sales; determination of price

(a) 1st retail sale

For purposes of this subchapter, the term “1st retail sale” means the 1st sale, for a purpose other than resale, after manufacture, production, or importation.

(b) Use treated as sale

(1) In general

If any person uses a passenger vehicle (including any use after importation) before the 1st retail sale of such vehicle, then such person shall be liable for tax under this subchapter in the same manner as if such vehicle were sold at retail by him.

(2) Exemption for further manufacture

Paragraph (1) shall not apply to use of a vehicle as material in the manufacture or production of, or as a component part of, another vehicle taxable under this subchapter to be manufactured or produced by him.

(3) Exemption for demonstration use

Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any use of a passenger vehicle as a demonstrator.

(4) Exception for use after importation of certain vehicles

Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the use of a vehicle after importation if the user or importer establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the 1st use of the vehicle occurred before January 1, 1991, outside the United States.

(5) Computation of tax

In the case of any person made liable for tax by paragraph (1), the tax shall be computed on the price at which similar vehicles are sold at retail in the ordinary course of trade, as determined by the Secretary.

(c) Leases considered as sales

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the lease of a vehicle (including any renewal or any extension of a lease or any subsequent lease of such vehicle) by any person shall be considered a sale of such vehicle at retail.

(2) Special rules for long-term leases

(A) Tax not imposed on sale for leasing in a qualified lease

The sale of a passenger vehicle to a person engaged in a passenger vehicle leasing or rental trade or business for leasing by such person in a long-term lease shall not be treated as the 1st retail sale of such vehicle.

(B) Long-term lease

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “long-term lease” means any long-term lease (as defined in section 4052).

(C) Special rules

In the case of a long-term lease of a vehicle which is treated as the 1st retail sale of such vehicle—

(i) Determination of price

The tax under this subchapter shall be computed on the lowest price for which the vehicle is sold by retailers in the ordinary course of trade.

(ii) Payment of tax

Rules similar to the rules of section 4217(e)(2) shall apply.

(iii) No tax where exempt use by lessee

No tax shall be imposed on any lease payment under a long-term lease if the lessee's use of the vehicle under such lease is an exempt use (as defined in section 4003(b)) of such vehicle.

(d) Determination of price

(1) In general

In determining price for purposes of this subchapter—

(A) there shall be included any charge incident to placing the passenger vehicle in condition ready for use,

(B) there shall be excluded—

(i) the amount of the tax imposed by this subchapter,

(ii) if stated as a separate charge, the amount of any retail sales tax imposed by any State or political subdivision thereof or the District of Columbia, whether the liability for such tax is imposed on the vendor or vendee, and

(iii) the value of any component of such passenger vehicle if—

(I) such component is furnished by the 1st user of such passenger vehicle, and

(II) such component has been used before such furnishing, and


(C) the price shall be determined without regard to any trade-in.

(2) Other rules

Rules similar to the rules of paragraphs (2) and (4) of section 4052(b) shall apply for purposes of this subchapter.

(Added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–439; amended Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 450.)

Amendments

1993—Pub. L. 103–66 amended section generally, substituting provisions relating to imposition of luxury tax upon first retail sale or use of luxury automobile for provisions relating to imposition of similar tax upon boats.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1993, see section 13161(c) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4001 of this title.

§4003. Special rules

(a) Separate purchase of vehicle and parts and accessories therefor

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary—

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), if—

(A) the owner, lessee, or operator of any passenger vehicle installs (or causes to be installed) any part or accessory (other than property described in section 4001(a)(2)(B)) on such vehicle, and

(B) such installation is not later than the date 6 months after the date the vehicle was 1st placed in service,


then there is hereby imposed on such installation a tax equal to 10 percent of the price of such part or accessory and its installation.

(2) Limitation

The tax imposed by paragraph (1) on the installation of any part or accessory shall not exceed 10 percent of the excess (if any) of—

(A) the sum of—

(i) the price of such part or accessory and its installation,

(ii) the aggregate price of the parts and accessories (and their installation) installed before such part or accessory, plus

(iii) the price for which the passenger vehicle was sold, over


(B) the appropriate applicable amount as determined under section 4001(a)(2).

(3) Exceptions

Paragraph (1) shall not apply if—

(A) the part or accessory installed is a replacement part or accessory,

(B) the part or accessory is installed to enable or assist an individual with a disability to operate the vehicle, or to enter or exit the vehicle, by compensating for the effect of such disability, or

(C) the aggregate price of the parts and accessories (and their installation) described in paragraph (1) with respect to the vehicle does not exceed $1,000 (or such other amount or amounts as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe).


The price of any part or accessory (and its installation) to which paragraph (1) does not apply by reason of this paragraph shall not be taken into account under paragraph (2)(A).

(4) Installers secondarily liable for tax

The owners of the trade or business installing the parts or accessories shall be secondarily liable for the tax imposed by this subsection.

(b) Imposition of tax on sales, etc., within 2 years of vehicles purchased tax-free

(1) In general

If—

(A) no tax was imposed under this subchapter on the 1st retail sale of any passenger vehicle by reason of its exempt use, and

(B) within 2 years after the date of such 1st retail sale, such vehicle is resold by the purchaser or such purchaser makes a substantial nonexempt use of such vehicle,


then such sale or use of such vehicle by such purchaser shall be treated as the 1st retail sale of such vehicle for a price equal to its fair market value at the time of such sale or use.

(2) Exempt use

For purposes of this subsection, the term “exempt use” means any use of a vehicle if the 1st retail sale of such vehicle is not taxable under this subchapter by reason of such use.

(c) Parts and accessories sold with taxable passenger vehicle

Parts and accessories sold on, in connection with, or with the sale of any passenger vehicle shall be treated as part of the vehicle.

(d) Partial payments, etc.

In the case of a contract, sale, or arrangement described in paragraph (2), (3), or (4) of section 4216(c), rules similar to the rules of section 4217(e)(2) shall apply for purposes of this subchapter.

(Added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–439; amended Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 451; Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §906(b)(3), (4), title XIV, §1401(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 875, 1045.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4004, 4006, 4007, 4011, and 4012 of this title were omitted in the general revision of this subchapter by Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 449.

Section 4004, added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–440; amended Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13162(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 453, related to certain rules applicable to former subpart A of part I of this subchapter.

Section 4006, added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–441, related to imposition of tax on 1st retail sale of jewelry.

Section 4007, added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–442, related to imposition of tax on 1st retail sale of furs.

Section 4011, added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–442, provided definitions and special rules for purposes of this subchapter.

Section 4012, added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–444, provided that taxes imposed by this subchapter did not apply to any sale or use after Dec. 31, 1999.

Amendments

1997—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105–34, §906(b)(3), inserted “(other than property described in section 4001(a)(2)(B))” after “part or accessory”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 105–34, §906(b)(4), amended subpar. (B) generally, substituting “the appropriate applicable amount as determined under section 4001(a)(2)” for “$30,000”.

Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 105–34, §1401(a), substituted “$1,000” for “$200”.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66 amended section generally, substituting provisions prescribing special rules applicable to imposition of luxury passenger automobile tax for provisions relating to imposition of similar tax on aircraft.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by section 906(b)(3), (4) of Pub. L. 105–34 applicable to sales and installations occurring after Aug. 5, 1997, see section 906(c) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4001 of this title.

Section 1401(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section and section 4051 of this title] shall apply to installations on vehicles sold after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1993, see section 13161(c) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4001 of this title.

Subchapter B—Special Fuels

Sec.
4041.
Imposition of tax.
4042.
Tax on fuel used in commercial transportation on inland waterways.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter B of chapter 31 was redesignated subchapter C by Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–438.

Amendments

1990—Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–438, redesignated this subchapter, formerly subchapter A, as subchapter B. Former subchapter B redesignated C.

1978—Pub. L. 95–502, title II, §202(c), Oct. 21, 1978, 92 Stat. 1697, added item 4042.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(1)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1810, added item 4041.

§4041. Imposition of tax

(a) Diesel fuel and special motor fuels

(1) Tax on diesel fuel and kerosene in certain cases

(A) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax on any liquid other than gasoline (as defined in section 4083)—

(i) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a diesel-powered highway vehicle or a diesel-powered train for use as a fuel in such vehicle or train, or

(ii) used by any person as a fuel in a diesel-powered highway vehicle or a diesel-powered train unless there was a taxable sale of such fuel under clause (i).

(B) Exemption for previously taxed fuel

No tax shall be imposed by this paragraph on the sale or use of any liquid if tax was imposed on such liquid under section 4081 (other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate) and the tax thereon was not credited or refunded.

(C) Rate of tax

(i) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this subparagraph, the rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the rate of tax specified in section 4081(a)(2)(A) on diesel fuel which is in effect at the time of such sale or use.

(ii) Rate of tax on trains

In the case of any sale for use, or use, of diesel fuel in a train, the rate of tax imposed by this paragraph shall be—

(I) 3.3 cents per gallon after December 31, 2004, and before July 1, 2005,

(II) 2.3 cents per gallon after June 30, 2005, and before January 1, 2007, and

(III) 0 after December 31, 2006.

(iii) Rate of tax on certain buses

(I) In general

Except as provided in subclause (II), in the case of fuel sold for use or used in a use described in section 6427(b)(1) (after the application of section 6427(b)(3)), the rate of tax imposed by this paragraph shall be 7.3 cents per gallon (4.3 cents per gallon after March 31, 2012).

(II) School bus and intracity transportation

No tax shall be imposed by this paragraph on any sale for use, or use, described in subparagraph (B) or (C) of section 6427(b)(2).

(2) Alternative fuels

(A) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax on any liquid (other than gas oil, fuel oil, or any product taxable under section 4081 (other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate))—

(i) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a motor vehicle or motorboat for use as a fuel in such motor vehicle or motorboat, or

(ii) used by any person as a fuel in a motor vehicle or motorboat unless there was a taxable sale of such liquid under clause (i).

(B) Rate of tax

The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be—

(i) except as otherwise provided in this subparagraph, the rate of tax specified in section 4081(a)(2)(A)(i) which is in effect at the time of such sale or use, and

(ii) in the case of liquefied natural gas, any liquid fuel (other than ethanol and methanol) derived from coal (including peat), and liquid hydrocarbons derived from biomass (as defined in section 45K(c)(3)), 24.3 cents per gallon.

(3) Compressed natural gas

(A) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax on compressed natural gas—

(i) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a motor vehicle or motorboat for use as a fuel in such motor vehicle or motorboat, or

(ii) used by any person as a fuel in a motor vehicle or motorboat unless there was a taxable sale of such gas under clause (i).


The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be 18.3 cents per energy equivalent of a gallon of gasoline.

(B) Bus uses

No tax shall be imposed by this paragraph on any sale for use, or use, described in subparagraph (B) or (C) of section 6427(b)(2) (relating to school bus and intracity transportation).

(C) Administrative provisions

For purposes of applying this title with respect to the taxes imposed by this subsection, references to any liquid subject to tax under this subsection shall be treated as including references to compressed natural gas subject to tax under this paragraph, and references to gallons shall be treated as including references to energy equivalent of a gallon of gasoline with respect to such gas.

(b) Exemption for off-highway business use; reduction in tax for qualified methanol and ethanol fuel

(1) Exemption for off-highway business use

(A) In general

No tax shall be imposed by subsection (a) on liquids sold for use or used in an off-highway business use.

(B) Tax where other use

If a liquid on which no tax was imposed by reason of subparagraph (A) is used otherwise than in an off-highway business use, a tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1)(B), (2)(B), or (3)(A)(ii) of subsection (a) (whichever is appropriate) and by the corresponding provision of subsection (d)(1) (if any).

(C) Off-highway business use defined

For purposes of this subsection, the term “off-highway business use” has the meaning given to such term by section 6421(e)(2); except that such term shall not, for purposes of subsection (a)(1), include use in a diesel-powered train.

(2) Qualified methanol and ethanol fuel

(A) In general

In the case of any qualified methanol or ethanol fuel—

(i) the rate applicable under subsection (a)(2) shall be the applicable blender rate per gallon less than the otherwise applicable rate (6 cents per gallon in the case of a mixture none of the alcohol in which consists of ethanol), and

(ii) subsection (d)(1) shall be applied by substituting “0.05 cent” for “0.1 cent” with respect to the sales and uses to which clause (i) applies.

(B) Qualified methanol and ethanol fuel produced from coal

The term “qualified methanol or ethanol fuel” means any liquid at least 85 percent of which consists of methanol, ethanol, or other alcohol produced from coal (including peat).

(C) Applicable blender rate

For purposes of subparagraph (A)(i), the applicable blender rate is—

(i) except as provided in clause (ii), 5.4 cents, and

(ii) for sales or uses during calendar years 2001 through 2008, 1/10 of the blender amount applicable under section 40(h)(2) for the calendar year in which the sale or use occurs.

(D) Termination

On and after January 1, 2009, subparagraph (A) shall not apply.

(c) Certain liquids used as a fuel in aviation

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax upon any liquid for use as a fuel other than aviation gasoline—

(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of an aircraft for use in such aircraft, or

(B) used by any person in an aircraft unless there was a taxable sale of such fuel under subparagraph (A).

(2) Exemption for previously taxed fuel

No tax shall be imposed by this subsection on the sale or use of any liquid for use as a fuel other than aviation gasoline if tax was imposed on such liquid under section 4081 (other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate) and the tax thereon was not credited or refunded.

(3) Rate of tax

The rate of tax imposed by this subsection shall be 21.8 cents per gallon (4.3 cents per gallon with respect to any sale or use for commercial aviation).

(d) Additional taxes to fund Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund

(1) Tax on sales and uses subject to tax under subsection (a)

In addition to the taxes imposed by subsection (a), there is hereby imposed a tax of 0.1 cent a gallon on the sale or use of any liquid (other than liquefied petroleum gas and other than liquefied natural gas) if tax is imposed by subsection (a)(1) or (2) on such sale or use. No tax shall be imposed under the preceding sentence on the sale or use of any liquid if tax was imposed with respect to such liquid under section 4081 at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate.

(2) Liquids used in aviation

In addition to the taxes imposed by subsection (c), there is hereby imposed a tax of 0.1 cent a gallon on any liquid (other than gasoline (as defined in section 4083))—

(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of an aircraft for use as a fuel in such aircraft, or

(B) used by any person as a fuel in an aircraft unless there was a taxable sale of such liquid under subparagraph (A).


No tax shall be imposed by this paragraph on the sale or use of any liquid if there was a taxable sale of such liquid under section 4081.

(3) Diesel fuel used in trains

In the case of any sale for use or use after December 31, 2006, there is hereby imposed a tax of 0.1 cent per gallon on any liquid other than gasoline (as defined in section 4083)—

(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a diesel-powered train for use as a fuel in such train, or

(B) used by any person as a fuel in a diesel-powered train unless there was a taxable sale of such fuel under subparagraph (A).


No tax shall be imposed by this paragraph on the sale or use of any liquid if tax was imposed on such liquid under section 4081.

(4) Termination

The taxes imposed by this subsection shall not apply during any period during which the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under section 4081 does not apply.

(5) Nonapplication of exemptions other than for exports

For purposes of this section, the tax imposed under this subsection shall be determined without regard to subsections (b)(1)(A), (f), (g), (h), and (l). The preceding sentence shall not apply with respect to subsection (g)(3) and so much of subsection (g)(1) as relates to vessels (within the meaning of section 4221(d)(3)) employed in foreign trade or trade between the United States and any of its possessions.

[(e) Repealed. Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(2)(C), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1613]

(f) Exemption for farm use

(1) Exemption

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under this section on any liquid sold for use or used on a farm for farming purposes.

(2) Use on a farm for farming purposes

For purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection, use on a farm for farming purposes shall be determined in accordance with paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 6420(c).

(g) Other exemptions

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under this section—

(1) on any liquid sold for use or used as supplies for vessels or aircraft (within the meaning of section 4221(d)(3));

(2) with respect to the sale of any liquid for the exclusive use of any State, any political subdivision of a State, or the District of Columbia, or with respect to the use by any of the foregoing of any liquid as a fuel;

(3) upon the sale of any liquid for export, or for shipment to a possession of the United States, and in due course so exported or shipped;

(4) with respect to the sale of any liquid to a nonprofit educational organization for its exclusive use, or with respect to the use by a nonprofit educational organization of any liquid as a fuel; and

(5) with respect to the sale of any liquid to a qualified blood collector organization (as defined in section 7701(a)(49)) for such organization's exclusive use in the collection, storage, or transportation of blood.


For purposes of paragraph (4), the term “nonprofit educational organization” means an educational organization described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a). The term also includes a school operated as an activity of an organization described in section 501(c)(3) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a), if such school normally maintains a regular faculty and curriculum and normally has a regularly enrolled body of pupils or students in attendance at the place where its educational activities are regularly carried on.

(h) Exemption for use by certain aircraft museums

(1) Exemption

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under this section on any liquid sold for use or used by an aircraft museum in an aircraft or vehicle owned by such museum and used exclusively for purposes set forth in paragraph (2)(C).

(2) Definition of aircraft museum

For purposes of this subsection, the term “aircraft museum” means an organization—

(A) described in section 501(c)(3) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a),

(B) operated as a museum under charter by a State or the District of Columbia, and

(C) operated exclusively for the procurement, care, and exhibition of aircraft of the type used for combat or transport in World War II.

[(i) Repealed. Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(2)(D), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1613]

(j) Sales by United States, etc.

The taxes imposed by this section shall apply with respect to liquids sold at retail by the United States, or by any agency or instrumentality of the United States, unless sales by such agency or instrumentality are by statute specifically exempted from such taxes.

[(k) Repealed. Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §301(c)(6), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1461]

(l) Exemption for certain uses

No tax shall be imposed under this section on any liquid sold for use in, or used in, a helicopter or a fixed-wing aircraft for purposes of providing transportation with respect to which the requirements of subsection (f) or (g) of section 4261 are met.

(m) Certain alcohol fuels

(1) In general

In the case of the sale or use of any partially exempt methanol or ethanol fuel the rate of the tax imposed by subsection (a)(2) shall be—

(A) after September 30, 1997, and before April 1, 2012—

(i) in the case of fuel none of the alcohol in which consists of ethanol, 9.15 cents per gallon, and

(ii) in any other case, 11.3 cents per gallon, and


(B) after March 31, 2012—

(i) in the case of fuel none of the alcohol in which consists of ethanol, 2.15 cents per gallon, and

(ii) in any other case, 4.3 cents per gallon.

(2) Partially exempt methanol or ethanol fuel

The term “partially exempt methanol or ethanol fuel” means any liquid at least 85 percent of which consists of methanol, ethanol, or other alcohol produced from natural gas.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 478; Mar. 30, 1955, ch. 18, §3(a)(1), 69 Stat. 14; Mar. 29, 1956, ch. 115, §3(a)(1), 70 Stat. 66; Apr. 2, 1956, ch. 160, §2(a)(1), 70 Stat. 89; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §202, 70 Stat. 387; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(b)(1), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1286; Pub. L. 86–342, title II, §201(b), Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 613; Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §201(a), (c), (d), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 123, 124; Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §802(a)(2), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 159; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §202, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 237; Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(1), (2), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1743; Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(1), (2), May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 456; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1904(a)(1)(B), (C), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1810, 1811, 1834; Pub. L. 94–530, §1(a), Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2487; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(1), (b), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2756, 2757; Pub. L. 95–600, title VII, §703(l)(1), (2), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2942; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §§221(b)(1), 222(a)(2), 233(a)(3)(B), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3185, 3187, 3191; Pub. L. 96–223, title II, §232(a)(2), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 96–298, §1(a), July 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 829; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §279(a), (b)(1), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 563; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§511(a)(2), (b)(1), (c)(2), (d)(2), (g)(1), 516(a)(1), (b)(1), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2169–2171, 2173, 2182, 2183; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, §§911(a), 912(a), 913(a), title X, §1018(a), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1005, 1007, 1008, 1021; Pub. L. 99–499, title V, §521(a)(2), (d)(1)–(3), Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1776, 1779; Pub. L. 99–514, title IV, §422(a)(1), (2), title XVII, §1702(a), title XVIII, §1878(c)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2229, 2773, 2903; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §502(a)(1), (b)(1)–(3), (c)(1), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 256, 257; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(b), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–441; Pub. L. 100–223, title IV, §§402(b), 404(b), 405(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 1532, 1533, 1535; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1017(c)(3), (4), title II, §2001(d)(2), (3)(A)–(D), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3576, 3595; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §§11211(a)(4), (b)(3), (6)(C)–(E)(i), (F), (d)(1), (2), (e)(1), (2), 11213(b)(2)(A), (B), (d)(2)(B), (e)(3), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–423, 1388–425 to 1388–427, 1388–433, 1388–436; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(b)(1), (2), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §§13163(a)(2), 13241(b)(2)(A), (B)(iii), (c), (e), (f)(1), (2), 13242(d)(3)–(13), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 453, 510, 511, 522–524; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1208, 1609(a)(3), (g)(3), (4)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1776, 1841–1843; Pub. L. 105–2, §2(a)(3), Feb. 28, 1997, 111 Stat. 4; Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §§902(b)(1), (2), 907(a), (b), title X, §§1031(a)(3), 1032(e)(1), (2), title XIV, §1435(b), title XVI, §1601(f)(4)(A), (B), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 873, 875, 929, 935, 1053, 1090; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §§9002(a)(1)(A)–(C), 9003(a)(1)(A), (B), (b)(2)(A), 9006(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499, 501, 502, 506; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6010(g)(1), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 108–357, title II, §241(a)(1), (2)(A), title III, §301(c)(5), (6), title VIII, §853(a)(6), (d)(2)(A)–(E), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1437, 1461, 1611–1613; Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1362(b)(2), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1059; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §§11101(a)(1)(A)–(C), 11113(a), 11151(e)(2), 11161(b)(1), (3)(A), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1943, 1946, 1969–1971; Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, §1207(a), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 109–432, div. A, title II, §208, Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 2946; Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(1)(A), (2)(A), (3), Dec. 29, 2007, 121 Stat. 2480, 2481; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(a)(1)(A), (B), (2)(A), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 355, 356.)

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (a)(1)(C)(iii)(I). Pub. L. 112–30, §142(a)(1)(A), substituted “March 31, 2012” for “September 30, 2011”.

Subsec. (m)(1)(A). Pub. L. 112–30, §142(a)(2)(A), substituted “April 1, 2012” for “October 1, 2011” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (m)(1)(B). Pub. L. 112–30, §142(a)(1)(B), substituted “March 31, 2012” for “September 30, 2011” in introductory provisions.

2007—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(1)(A), inserted last sentence.

Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(2)(A), (3), inserted “(b)(1)(A),” after “without regard to subsections”, struck out “(other than with respect to any sale for export under paragraph (3) thereof)” after “(f), (g)”, and inserted last sentence.

2006—Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 109–432, §208(c), substituted “and ethanol fuel produced from coal” for “or ethanol fuel” in heading.

Subsec. (b)(2)(C)(ii). Pub. L. 109–432, §208(b), substituted “2008” for “2007”.

Subsec. (b)(2)(D). Pub. L. 109–432, §208(a), substituted “January 1, 2009” for “October 1, 2007”.

Subsec. (g)(5). Pub. L. 109–280, which directed the addition of par. (5) to section 4041(g), without specifying the act to be amended, was executed to subsec. (g) of this section, which is section 4041 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2005—Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(b)(3)(A), struck out last sentence which read as follows: “This subparagraph shall not apply to aviation-grade kerosene.”

Pub. L. 109–58, §1362(b)(2)(A), inserted “(other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate)” after “section 4081”.

Subsec. (a)(1)(C)(iii)(I). Pub. L. 109–59, §11101(a)(1)(A), substituted “2011” for “2005”.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(a)(3), substituted “Alternative fuels” for “Special motor fuels” in heading.

Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 109–58, §1362(b)(2)(A), inserted “(other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate)” after “section 4081” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(a)(1)(C), struck out concluding provisions which read as follows: “In the case of any sale or use after September 30, 2011, clause (ii) shall be applied by substituting ‘3.2 cents’ for ‘13.6 cents’, and clause (iii) shall be applied by substituting ‘2.8 cents’ for ‘11.9 cents’.”

Pub. L. 109–59, §11101(a)(1)(B), substituted “2011” for “2005” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(a)(1)(A), inserted “and” at end.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 109–59, §11151(e)(2), substituted “section 45K(c)(3)” for “section 29(c)(3)”.

Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(a)(1)(B), (D), added cl. (ii) and struck out former cl. (ii) which read as follows: “13.6 cents per gallon in the case of liquefied petroleum gas, and”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(a)(1)(B), struck out cl. (iii) which read as follows: “11.9 cents per gallon in the case of liquefied natural gas.”

Subsec. (a)(3)(A). Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(a)(2)(A), substituted “18.3 cents per energy equivalent of a gallon of gasoline” for “48.54 cents per MCF (determined at standard temperature and pressure)” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(a)(2)(B), substituted “energy equivalent of a gallon of gasoline” for “MCF”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 109–58, §1362(b)(2)(B), which directed amendment of subpar. (A) by striking out “or (d)(1))”, was executed by striking out “or (d)(1)” after “subsection (a)” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(b)(1)(D), substituted “Certain liquids used as a fuel in aviation” for “Aviation-grade kerosene” in heading.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(b)(1)(A), substituted “any liquid for use as a fuel other than aviation gasoline” for “aviation-grade kerosene” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(b)(1)(B), substituted “liquid for use as a fuel other than aviation gasoline” for “aviation-grade kerosene”.

Pub. L. 109–58, §1362(b)(2)(A), inserted “(other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate)” after “section 4081”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(b)(1)(C), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: “The rate of tax imposed by this subsection shall be the rate of tax applicable under section 4081(a)(2)(A)(iv) which is in effect at the time of such sale or use.”

Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 109–58, §1362(b)(2)(C), added par. (5).

Subsec. (m)(1)(A), (B). Pub. L. 109–59, §11101(a)(1)(C), substituted “2011” for “2005” in introductory provisions.

2004—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(6)(B), inserted “and kerosene” after “diesel fuel” in heading.

Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(6)(A), inserted at end “This subparagraph shall not apply to aviation-grade kerosene.”

Subsec. (a)(1)(C)(ii)(I) to (III). Pub. L. 108–357, §241(a)(1), added subcls. (I) to (III) and struck out former subcls. (I) to (III) which read as follows:

“(I) 6.8 cents per gallon after September 30, 1993, and before October 1, 1995,

“(II) 5.55 cents per gallon after September 30, 1995, and before November 1, 1998, and

“(III) 4.3 cents per gallon after October 31, 1998.”

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 108–357, §301(c)(5), substituted “coal (including peat)” for “a substance other than petroleum or natural gas”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(d)(2)(A), amended heading and text of subsec. (c) generally, substituting provisions relating to imposition of tax upon aviation-grade kerosene and providing exemption for fuel previously taxed under section 4081, for provisions relating to imposition of tax on nongasoline fuels where no tax had been imposed under section 4091.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(d)(2)(B), substituted “section 4081” for “section 4091” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (d)(3), (4). Pub. L. 108–357, §241(a)(2)(A), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(d)(2)(C), struck out heading and text of subsec. (e). Text read as follows: “If a liquid on which tax was imposed on the sale thereof is taxable at a higher rate under subsection (c)(1) of this section on the use thereof, there is hereby imposed a tax equal to the difference between the tax so imposed and the tax payable at such higher rate.”

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(d)(2)(D), struck out heading and text of subsec. (i). Text read as follows: “If any liquid is sold by any person for use as a fuel in an aircraft, it shall be presumed for purposes of this section that a tax imposed by this section applies to the sale of such liquid unless the purchaser is registered in such manner (and furnished such information in respect of the use of the liquid) as the Secretary shall by regulations provide.”

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 108–357, §301(c)(6), struck out subsec. (k) which related to rates of tax in the case of the sale or use of any fuels containing alcohol.

Subsec. (m)(1). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(d)(2)(E), reenacted heading without change and amended text of par. (1) generally, substituting provisions relating to rates of tax after Sept. 30, 1997, and before Oct. 1, 2005, and rates of tax after Sept. 30, 2005, for provisions relating to rates of tax after Sept. 30, 1997, and before Oct. 1, 2005, rates of tax after Sept. 30, 2005, and rate of tax imposed by subsec. (c)(1).

1998—Subsec. (a)(1)(C)(ii)(II). Pub. L. 105–178, §9006(a)(1), substituted “November 1, 1998” for “October 1, 1999”.

Subsec. (a)(1)(C)(ii)(III). Pub. L. 105–178, §9006(a)(2), substituted “October 31, 1998” for “September 30, 1999”.

Subsec. (a)(1)(C)(iii)(I). Pub. L. 105–178, §9002(a)(1)(A), substituted “2005” for “1999”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 105–178, §9002(a)(1)(B), substituted “2005” for “1999” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(b)(2)(A)(i), substituted “the applicable blender rate” for “5.4 cents”.

Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(b)(2)(A)(ii), added subpar. (C). Former subpar. (C) redesignated (D).

Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(a)(1)(A), substituted “2007” for “2000”.

Subsec. (b)(2)(D). Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(b)(2)(A)(ii), redesignated subpar. (C) as (D).

Subsec. (k)(3). Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(a)(1)(B), substituted “2007” for “2000”.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 105–206 substituted “subsection (f) or (g)” for “subsection (e) or (f)”.

Subsec. (m)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105–178, §9002(a)(1)(C), substituted “2005” for “1999” in two places.

1997—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105–34, §902(b)(1), substituted “or a diesel-powered train” for “, a diesel-powered train, or a diesel-powered boat” in cls. (i) and (ii) and “vehicle or train” for “vehicle, train, or boat” in cl. (i).

Subsec. (a)(1)(D). Pub. L. 105–34, §902(b)(2), struck out heading and text of subpar. (D). Text read as follows: “In the case of any sale for use, or use, of fuel in a diesel-powered motorboat—

“(i) no tax shall be imposed by subsection (a) or (d)(1) during the period beginning on the date which is 7 days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and ending on December 31, 1997,

“(ii) effective during the period after September 30, 1999, and before January 1, 2000, the rate of tax imposed by this paragraph is 24.3 cents per gallon, and

“(iii) the termination of the tax under subsection (d) shall not occur before January 1, 2000.”

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105–34, §907(a)(1), amended heading and text of par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed a tax on benzol, benzene, naphtha, liquefied petroleum gas, casing head and natural gasoline, or any other liquid (other than kerosene, gas oil, or fuel oil, or any product taxable under section 4081)—

“(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a motor vehicle or motorboat for use as a fuel in such motor vehicle or motorboat, or

“(B) used by any person as a fuel in a motor vehicle or motorboat unless there was a taxable sale of such liquid under subparagraph (A).

The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the rate of tax specified in section 4081(a)(2)(A)(i) on gasoline which is in effect at the time of such sale or use.”

Pub. L. 105–34, §1601(f)(4)(B), substituted “section 4081(a)(2)(A)(i)” for “section 4081(a)(2)(A)” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(e)(1), struck out “kerosene,” after “(other than” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(e)(2), substituted “kerosene and any other liquid” for “any liquid” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105–34, §1435(b), inserted “or by reason of section 4261(h)” before period at end.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 105–2 amended heading and text of par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The taxes imposed by paragraph (1) shall apply during the period beginning on September 1, 1982, and ending on December 31, 1995, and during the period beginning on the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and ending on December 31, 1996. The termination under the preceding sentence shall not apply to so much of the tax imposed by paragraph (1) as does not exceed 4.3 cents per gallon.”

Subsec. (c)(3)(B). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(a)(3), substituted “September 30, 2007” for “September 30, 1997”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 105–34, §907(a)(2), inserted “and other than liquefied natural gas” after “liquefied petroleum gas”.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 105–34, §1601(f)(4)(A), struck out “helicopter” after “certain” in heading and inserted “or a fixed-wing aircraft” after “helicopter” in text.

Subsec. (m)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105–34, §907(b), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “the rate of the tax imposed by subsection (a)(2) shall be—

“(i) 11.3 cents per gallon after September 30, 1993, and before October 1, 1999, and

“(ii) 4.3 cents per gallon after September 30, 1999, and”.

1996—Subsec. (a)(1)(D). Pub. L. 104–188, §1208, added cl. (i) and redesignated former cls. (i) and (ii) as (ii) and (iii), respectively.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(g)(3)(A), redesignated par. (4) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows:

“(2) Gasoline.—There is hereby imposed a tax (at the rate specified in paragraph (3)) upon gasoline (as defined in section 4083)—

“(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of an aircraft, for use as a fuel in such aircraft in noncommercial aviation; or

“(B) used by any person as a fuel in an aircraft in noncommercial aviation, unless there was a taxable sale of such product under subparagraph (A).

The tax imposed by this paragraph shall be in addition to any tax imposed under section 4081.”

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(g)(3), redesignated par. (5) as (3) and substituted “paragraph (1)” for “paragraphs (1) and (2)”, and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows:

“(3) Rate of tax.—The rate of tax imposed by paragraph (2) on any gasoline is 1 cent per gallon.”

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(g)(3)(A), redesignated par. (4) as (2).

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(g)(3)(A), redesignated par. (5) as (3).

Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(a)(3), inserted “, and during the period beginning on the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and ending on December 31, 1996” after “December 31, 1995”.

Subsec. (k)(1)(A) to (C). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(g)(4)(A), inserted “and” at end of subpar. (A), substituted period for “, and” at end of subpar. (B), and struck out subpar. (C) which read as follows: “no tax shall be imposed by subsection (c)(2).”

1993—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(3), amended heading and text of par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed a tax on any liquid (other than any product taxable under section 4081)—

“(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a diesel-powered highway vehicle or diesel-powered boat for use as a fuel in such vehicle or boat, or

“(B) used by any person as a fuel in a diesel-powered highway vehicle or diesel-powered boat unless there was a taxable sale of such liquid under subparagraph (A).

The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the sum of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate and the diesel fuel deficit reduction rate in effect under section 4091 at the time of such sale or use. No tax shall be imposed by this paragraph on the sale or use of any liquid if there was a taxable sale of such liquid under section 4091.”

Pub. L. 103–66, §13163(a)(2), substituted “diesel-powered highway vehicle or diesel-powered boat” for “diesel-powered highway vehicle” in subpars. (A) and (B) and “such vehicle or boat” for “such vehicle” in subpar. (A).

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(4), in introductory provisions, struck out “or paragraph (1) of this subsection” after “section 4081” and, in closing provisions, substituted “The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the rate of tax specified in section 4081(a)(2)(A) on gasoline which is in effect at the time of such sale or use.” for “The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the sum of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate and the deficit reduction rate in effect under section 4081 at the time of such sale or use.”

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(e)(1), added par. (3).

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(5)(A), substituted “paragraph (1)(B), (2)(B), or (3)(A)(ii)” for “paragraph (1)(B) or (2)(B)” and inserted before period at end “(if any)”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(5)(B), inserted before period at end “; except that such term shall not, for purposes of subsection (a)(1), include use in a diesel-powered train”.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(5)(C), struck out “Highway Trust Fund financing” before “rate applicable”.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(6), substituted “The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the rate of tax specified in section 4091(b)(1) which is in effect at the time of such sale or use.” for “The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the sum of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund financing rate and the aviation fuel deficit reduction rate in effect under section 4091 at the time of such sale or use.” in concluding provisions.

Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(b)(2)(B)(iii), struck out “of 17.5 cents per gallon” before “upon any liquid” in introductory provisions and inserted “The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the sum of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund financing rate and the aviation fuel deficit reduction rate in effect under section 4091 at the time of such sale or use.” before last sentence in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(7), substituted “gasoline (as defined in section 4083)” for “any product taxable under section 4081”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(b)(2)(A), amended heading and text of par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The rate of tax imposed by paragraph (2) on any gasoline is the excess of 15 cents a gallon over the sum of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate plus the deficit reduction rate at which tax was imposed on such gasoline under section 4081.”

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(8), inserted at end “The termination under the preceding sentence shall not apply to so much of the tax imposed by paragraph (1) as does not exceed 4.3 cents per gallon.”

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(e)(2), substituted “subsection (a)(1) or (2)” for “subsection (a)” before “on such sale or use”.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(9), (10), redesignated par. (3) as (2), substituted “(other than gasoline (as defined in section 4083))” for “(other than any product taxable under section 4081)”, and struck out heading and text of former par. (2). Text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed a tax of 0.1 cent a gallon on any liquid (other than a product taxable under section 4081)—

“(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a diesel-powered train for use as a fuel in such train, or

“(B) used by any person as a fuel in a diesel-powered train unless there was a taxable sale of such liquid under subparagraph (A).

No tax shall be imposed by this paragraph on the sale or use of any liquid if there was a taxable sale of such liquid under section 4091.”

Subsec. (d)(3), (4). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(9), redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively.

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(f)(1), struck out heading and text of par. (3). Text read as follows: “Except with respect to the taxes imposed by subsection (d), paragraph (1) shall not apply on and after October 1, 1999.”

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(f)(2), struck out at end “Except with respect to the taxes imposed by subsection (d), paragraphs (2) and (4) shall not apply on and after October 1, 1999.”

Subsec. (k)(1)(A). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(11), struck out “Highway Trust Fund financing” before “rates under paragraphs” and substituted “section 4081(c)” for “sections 4081(c) and 4091(c), as the case may be”.

Subsec. (k)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(12), substituted “4091(c)” for “4091(d)”.

Subsec. (m)(1)(A). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(13), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “under subsection (a)(2)—

“(i) the Highway Trust Fund financing rate shall be 5.75 cents per gallon, and

“(ii) the deficit reduction rate shall be 5.55 cents per gallon.”

Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(c), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “under subsection (a)(2) the Highway Trust Fund financing rate shall be 5.75 cents per gallon and the deficit reduction rate shall be 1.25 cents per gallon, and”.

Subsec. (m)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(d)(13), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “the rate of the tax imposed by subsection (c)(1) shall be the comparable rate under section 4091(d)(1).”

1991—Subsecs. (f)(3), (g). Pub. L. 102–240 substituted “1999” for “1995”.

1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(6)(C)(i), struck out “of 15 cents a gallon” after “imposed a tax” in introductory provisions and inserted before last sentence “The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the sum of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate and the diesel fuel deficit reduction rate in effect under section 4091 at the time of such sale or use.”

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(3), substituted “imposed a tax” for “imposed a tax of 9 cents a gallon” in introductory provisions and inserted at end “The rate of the tax imposed by this paragraph shall be the sum of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate and the deficit reduction rate in effect under section 4081 at the time of such sale or use.”

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(6)(C)(ii), struck out par. (3) which provided that on and after Oct. 1, 1993, the taxes imposed by subsec. (a) shall not apply.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(6)(D), amended cl. (i) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (i) read as follows: “subsection (a)(2) shall be applied by substituting ‘3 cents’ for ‘9 cents’, and”.

Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(e)(1), substituted “2000” for “1993”.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(b)(2)(A), substituted “17.5 cents” for “14 cents”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(4), substituted “15 cents” for “12 cents” and “the sum of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate plus the deficit reduction rate” for “the Highway Trust Fund financing rate”.

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(d)(2)(B), substituted “1995” for “1990”.

Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(e)(3), struck out par. (6) which provided cross reference to section 4283 for reduction of rates of taxes imposed by subsec. (c)(1) and (2) in certain circumstances.

Subsecs. (f)(3), (g). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(d)(1), (2), substituted “1995” for “1993”.

Subsec. (k)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(6)(E)(i), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “subsection (a)(1) shall be applied by substituting ‘9 cents’ for ‘15 cents’, and”.

Subsec. (k)(1)(B). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(b)(2)(B)(i), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “no tax shall be imposed by subsection (c)(1), and”.

Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(6)(E)(i), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “subsection (a)(2) shall be applied by substituting ‘3 cents’ for ‘9 cents’, and”.

Subsec. (k)(1)(C). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(6)(E)(i), amended subpar. (C) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (C) read as follows: “no tax shall be imposed by subsection (c).”

Subsec. (k)(3). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(e)(2), substituted “2000” for “1993”.

Subsec. (m)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(b)(6)(F), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “subsection (a)(2) shall be applied by substituting ‘4½ cents’ for ‘9 cents’, and”.

Subsec. (m)(1)(B). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(b)(2)(B)(ii), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “no tax shall be imposed by subsection (c).”

1988—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, §2001(d)(3)(A), inserted reference to subsection (d)(1).

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 100–647, §2001(d)(3)(B), inserted “and by the corresponding provision of subsection (d)(1)” before the period.

Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(3), substituted “section 6421(e)(2)” for “section 6421(d)(2)”.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, §2001(d)(3)(D), amended subpar. (A) generally, inserting “(i)” before “subsection (a)(2)” and adding cl. (ii).

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–647, §2001(d)(3)(C), struck out par. (3) which coordinated subsec. (b) with taxes imposed by subsec. (d).

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 100–647, §2001(d)(2), substituted “the Highway Trust Fund financing rate at which” for “the rate at which”.

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(4), amended par. (3) generally, substituting “paragraph (1) shall not apply on and after October 1, 1993” for “on and after October 1, 1993, paragraph (1) shall not apply”.

1987—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–203, §10502(b)(1), in heading substituted “Tax on diesel fuel where no tax imposed on fuel under section 4091” for “Diesel fuel” and in text inserted sentence at end that no tax be imposed by this paragraph on the sale or use of any liquid if there was a taxable sale of such liquid under section 4091.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(a)(1), substituted “1993” for “1988”.

Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(b)(1), substituted “1993” for “1988”.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 100–203, §10502(b)(2), in heading substituted “Tax on nongasoline fuels where no tax imposed on fuel under section 4091” for “In general” and in text inserted sentence at end that no tax be imposed by this paragraph on the sale or use of any liquid if there was a taxable sale of such liquid under section 4091.

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 100–223, §402(b), substituted “1990” for “1987”.

Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 100–223, §405(b)(3), added par. (6).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 100–203, §10502(b)(3), added par. (1), substituting new heading for “Liquids other than gasoline, etc., used in motor vehicles, motorboats, or trains”, and struck out text of former par. (1) which read as follows: “In addition to the taxes imposed by subsection (a), there is hereby imposed a tax of 0.1 cents a gallon on benzol, benzene, naphtha, casing head and natural gasoline, or any other liquid (other than kerosene, gas oil, liquefied petroleum gas, or fuel oil, or any product taxable under section 4081)—

“(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of a motor vehicle, motorboat, or train for use as a fuel in such motor vehicle, motorboat, or train, or

“(B) used by any person as a fuel in a motor vehicle, motorboat, or train unless there was a taxable sale of such liquid under subparagraph (A).”

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 100–203, §10502(b)(3), added par. (2), substituting new heading for “Liquids used in aviation”, and struck out text of former par. (2) which read as follows: “In addition to the taxes imposed by subsection (c) and section 4081, there is hereby imposed a tax of 0.1 cents a gallon on any liquid—

“(A) sold by any person to an owner, lessee, or other operator of an aircraft for use as a fuel in such aircraft, or

“(B) used by any person as a fuel in an aircraft unless there was a taxable sale of such liquid under subparagraph (A).

The tax imposed by this paragraph shall not apply to any product taxable under section 4081 which is used as a fuel in an aircraft other than in noncommercial aviation.”

Subsec. (d)(3), (4). Pub. L. 100–203, §10502(b)(3), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).

Subsecs. (f)(3), (g). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(b)(2), (3), substituted “1993” for “1988”.

Subsec. (k)(3). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(c)(1), substituted “September 30, 1993” for “December 31, 1992”.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 100–223, §404(b), amended subsec. (l) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (l) read as follows: “No tax shall be imposed under this section on any liquid sold for use in, or used in, a helicopter for the purpose of—

“(1) transporting individuals, equipment, or supplies in the exploration for, or the development or removal of, hard minerals, oil, or gas, or

“(2) the planting, cultivation, cutting or transportation of, or caring for, trees (including logging operation),

but only if the helicopter does not take off from, or land at, a facility eligible for assistance under the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, or otherwise use services provided pursuant to the Airport and Airway Improvement Act of 1982 during such use.”

Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 100–203, §10502(b)(4), struck out subsec. (n) which related to tax on diesel fuel for highway vehicle use being imposed on sale to retailer.

1986—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–514, §422(a)(2), substituted “reduction in tax” for “exemption” in heading.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 99–514, §422(a)(1), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “No tax shall be imposed by subsection (a) on any qualified methanol or ethanol fuel.”

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(d)(1), added par. (3).

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(2), added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(d)(2), substituted “Except with respect to the taxes imposed by subsection (d), on and after” for “On and after”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(d)(3), substituted “Except with respect to the taxes imposed by subsection (d), paragraphs” for “Paragraphs” in last sentence.

Subsec. (l)(1). Pub. L. 99–514, §1879(c)(1), amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows:

“transporting individuals, equipment, or supplies in—

“(A) the exploration for, or the development or removal of, hard minerals, or

“(B) the exploration for oil or gas, or”.

Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 99–514, §1702(a), added subsec. (n).

1984—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §911(a), substituted “15 cents” for “9 cents”.

Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §912(a), in amending par. (1) generally, substituted “liquid” for “liquid fuel” in provisions preceding subpar. (A), in subpar. (A), substituted “subsection (a)(1) shall be applied by substituting ‘9 cents’ for ‘15 cents’, and” for “subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting ‘4 cents’ for ‘9 cents’ each place it appears, and”, added subpar. (B), and redesignated former subpar. (B) as (C).

Subsec. (l)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §1018(a), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 98–369, §913(a), added subsec. (m).

1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–424, §§511(a)(2), 516(a)(1)(A), added subsec. (a), and struck out former subsec. (a) which provided for a tax of 4 cents a gallon on diesel fuel.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–424, §511(b)(1), (c)(2), added subsec. (b), and struck out former subsec. (b) which provided for a tax of 4 cents a gallon on special motor fuels.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 97–424, §511(g)(1), substituted provision that the rate of tax imposed by par. (2) on any gasoline is the excess of 12 cents a gallon over the rate at which tax was imposed on such gasoline under section 4081 for provision that the rate of tax imposed by par. (2) was 8 cents a gallon (10½ cents a gallon in the case of any gasoline with respect to which a tax was imposed under section 4081 at the rate set forth in subsec. (b) thereof).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(a)(1)(B), struck out subsec. (e) which provided that the taxes imposed by subsecs. (a) and (b) would be 1½ cents a gallon and that second and third sentences of subsecs. (a) and (b) would not apply on and after Oct. 1, 1984.

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(b)(1)(A), added par. (3).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(b)(1)(B), inserted provision that pars. (2) and (4) shall not apply on and after Oct. 1, 1988.

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 97–424, §511(d)(2), in par. (1) substituted provisions for a 4-cent tax on the sale or use of any liquid fuel at least 10 percent of which consists of alcohol for provisions that no tax be imposed by this section on the sale or use of such fuel, and in par. (2) substituted “to which paragraph (1) applied” for “on which tax was not imposed by reason of this subsection” after “alcohol” and inserted provision that any tax imposed on such sale shall be reduced by the amount (if any) of the tax imposed on the sale of such mixture.

1982—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–248, §279(a), in par. (1) substituted “14 cents” for “7 cents”, in par. (3) substituted “8 cents a gallon (10½ cents a gallon in the case of any gasoline with respect to which a tax is imposed under section 4081 at the rate set forth in subsection (b) thereof)” for “3 cents a gallon”, and in par. (5) substituted provisions that the taxes imposed by pars. (1) and (2) shall apply during the period beginning on Sept. 1, 1982, and ending on Dec. 31, 1987, for provisions that on and after Oct. 1, 1980, the taxes imposed by pars. (1) and (2) would not apply.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 97–248, §279(b)(1), added subsec. (l).

1980—Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 96–298 extended termination date to “October 1, 1980” from “July 1, 1980”.

Subsec. (k)(3). Pub. L. 96–223 added par. (3).

1978—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–618, §§222(a)(2), 233(a)(3)(B), substituted “, in a qualified business use” for “otherwise than as a fuel in a highway vehicle (A) which (at the time of such sale or use) is registered, or is required to be registered, for highway use under the laws of any State or foreign country, or (B) which, in the case of a highway vehicle owned by the United States, is used on the highway” and “is used otherwise than in a qualified business use” for “is used as a fuel in a highway vehicle (A) which (at the time of such use) is registered, or is required to be registered, for highway use under the laws of any State or foreign country, or (B) which, in the case of a highway vehicle owned by the United States, is used on the highway” and inserted provision that for purposes of this subsection “qualified business use” has the meaning given to such term by section 6421(d)(2).

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 95–599, §502(b), struck out termination date of Sept. 30, 1979 for 3 cents per gallon rate of tax and struck out provision for a 5½ cents per gallon rate of tax after such date.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–599, §502(a)(1), substituted “1984” for “1979”.

Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 95–600, §703(l)(1), substituted “term ‘aircraft museum’ means” for “term ‘aircraft’ means”.

Subsecs. (i), (j). Pub. L. 95–600, §703(l)(2), redesignated subsec. (i), relating to sales by United States, or by any agency or instrumentality of United States, as (j).

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 95–618, §221(b)(1), added subsec. (k).

1976—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 94–280, §303(a)(1), substituted “1979” for “1977” in two places.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 94–280, §303(a)(2), substituted “1979” for “1977”.

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1904(a)(1)(B), 1906(b)(13)(A), designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “Other exemptions” for “Exemptions for use as supplies for vessels” after “(g)”, struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”, and added pars. (2) to (4) and definition of “nonprofit educational organization”.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 94–530 added subsec. (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated “(i) Registration”.

Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 94–455, §1904(a)(1)(C), added subsec. (i) relating to sales by United States.

Pub. L. 94–530 redesignated former subsec. (h) as “(i) Registration”.

1970—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–258, §202(b)(1) and (2), substituted “motor vehicle or motorboat” for “motor vehicle, motorboat, or airplane”, twice in par. (1) and once in par. (2), and “in” for “for the propulsion of” in par. (1) preceding “such motor vehicle”, in par. (2) preceding “a motor vehicle” and in text following par. (2) before “a highway vehicle (A)” in two places, respectively.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–258, §202(a), added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 91–605, §303(a)(1), substituted “1977” for “1972” in two places.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–258, §202(a), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–605, §303(a)(2), substituted “1977” for “1972”.

Pub. L. 91–258, §202(a), redesignated former subsec. (c) as (e), substituting in par. (1) “subsections (a) and (b)” and “,” for “this section” and “;”. Former subsec. (e) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 91–258, §202(a), redesignated former subsec. (d) as (f), substituting in par. (1) prohibition against imposition of tax “under this section on any liquid sold for use or used on a farm for farming purposes” for prior provisions that “(A) no tax shall be imposed under subsection (a)(1) or (b)(1) on the sale of any liquid sold for use on a farm for farming purposes, and (B) no tax shall be imposed under subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2) on the use of any liquid used on a farm for farming purposes”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 91–258, §202(a), redesignated former subsec. (e) as (g), substituting “this section on any liquid sold” for “subsection (b) in the case of any fuel sold”.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 91–258, §202(a), added subsec. (h).

1965—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44 inserted “casinghead and natural gasoline,” after “liquefied petroleum gas,” in text preceding par. (1).

1961—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–61, §201(a), increased tax on diesel fuel from 3 to 4 cents a gallon, and substituted “a tax of 2 cents a gallon shall be imposed under paragraph (2)” for “a tax of 1 cent a gallon shall be imposed under paragraph (2)”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87–61, §201(a), increased tax on special motor fuels from 3 to 4 cents a gallon, and substituted “a tax of 2 cents a gallon shall be imposed under paragraph (2)” for “a tax of 1 cent a gallon shall be imposed under paragraph (2)”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–61, §201(c), substituted “October 1, 1972” for “July 1, 1972”.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 87–61, §201(d), repealed subsec. (f) which authorized a temporary increase in taxes under subsecs. (a) and (b).

1959—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 86–342, §201(b)(2), struck out “in lieu of 3 cents a gallon” after “shall be 2 cents a gallon”.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 86–342, §201(b)(1), added subsec. (f).

1958—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 85–859 added subsec. (e).

1956—Subsec. (a). Act June 29, 1956, §202(a), increased tax on diesel fuel from 2 cents a gallon to 3 cents a gallon, and inserted provisions which retained tax at 2 cents a gallon for diesel fuel used in vehicles not registered, and not required to be registered, for highway use, or vehicles owned by the United States and not used on the highway.

Subsec. (b). Act June 29, 1956, §202(b), increased tax on special motor fuels from 2 cents a gallon to 3 cents a gallon, and inserted provisions which retained tax at 2 cents a gallon for special motor fuels sold for use or used otherwise than as a fuel for the propulsion of a highway vehicle which is registered, or is required to be registered, for highway use, or vehicles owned by the United States used on the highway.

Subsec. (c). Act June 29, 1956, §202(c), substituted “July 1, 1972” for “April 1, 1956” and provided for nonapplication of second and third sentences of subsec. (a) and (b).

Act Mar. 29, 1956, substituted “April 1, 1957” for “April 1, 1956”.

Subsec. (d). Act Apr. 2, 1956, added subsec. (d).

1955—Subsec. (c). Act Mar. 30, 1955, substituted “April 1, 1956” for “April 1, 1955”.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendments by Pub. L. 110–172 effective as if included in the provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Pub. L. 109–58, to which such amendments relate, and amendment by section 6(d)(3) of Pub. L. 110–172 applicable to fuel sold for use or used after Dec. 29, 2007, see section 6(e) of Pub. L. 110–172, set out as a note under section 30C of this title.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, §1207(g), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1072, provided that:

“(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4221, 4253, 4483, 6416, 6421, and 7701 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 2007.

“(2) Subsection (d).—The amendment made by subsection (d) [amending section 4483 of this title] shall apply to taxable periods beginning on or after July 1, 2007.”

Effective Date of 2005 Amendments

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11101(e), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1945, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section, sections 4051, 4071, 4081, 4221, 4481 to 4483, 6412, 9503, and 9504 of this title, and section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005].”

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11113(d), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1949, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4101, 6426, and 6427 of this title] shall apply to any sale or use for any period after September 30, 2006.”

Amendment by section 11151(e)(2) of Pub. L. 109–59 effective as if included in the provision of the Energy Tax Incentives Act of 2005, Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, to which such amendment relates, see section 11151(f)(3) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 38 of this title.

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11161(e), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1973, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4081, 4082, 6427, 9502, and 9503 of this title] shall apply to fuels or liquids removed, entered, or sold after September 30, 2005.”

Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1362(d), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1060, provided that:

“(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [enacting section 6430 of this title and amending this section and sections 4081, 4082, and 9508 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 2005.

“(2) No exemption.—The amendments made by subsection (b) [enacting section 6430 of this title and amending this section and section 4082 of this title] shall apply to fuel entered, removed, or sold after September 30, 2005.”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title II, §241(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1438, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4042, 4082, 6421, and 6427 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 2005.”

Amendment by section 301(c)(5), (6) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to fuel sold or used after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 301(d)(1) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1614, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4081 to 4083, 4101, 4103, 4221, 6206, 6416, 6427, 6724, 9502, and 9508 of this title, redesignating subpart C of part III of subchapter A of chapter 32 of this title as subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 32 of this title, and repealing former subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 32 of this title] shall apply to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after December 31, 2004.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Amendment by section 9003(b)(2)(A) of Pub. L. 105–178 effective Jan. 1, 2001, see section 9003(b)(3) of Pub. L. 105–178, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendments

Section 902(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4083 and 6421 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1998.”

Section 907(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1997.”

Section 1031(e)(1) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section and sections 4081 and 4091 of this title] shall apply take effect [sic] on October 1, 1997.”

Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1032(f), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 935, as amended by Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9008, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 506; Pub. L. 106–170, title V, §524, Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1928, provided that:

“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4081 to 4083, 4093, 4101, 6416, 6427, 6715, 7232, 9503, and 9508 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1998.

“(2) The amendment made by subsection (d) [amending section 4101 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 2002.”

Section 1435(c)(2) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1997.”

Amendment by section 1601(f)(4)(A), (B) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective as if included in the provisions of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–188, to which it relates, see section 1601(j) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 23 of this title.

Section 2(e)(1) of Pub. L. 105–2 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section and sections 4081 and 4091 of this title] shall apply to periods beginning on or after the 7th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 1997].”

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Section 1609(i) of Pub. L. 104–188 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4081, 4091, 4261, 4271, 4282, 6421, and 9502 of this title] shall take effect on the 7th calendar day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 20, 1996], except that the amendments made by subsection (b) [amending sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall not apply to any amount paid before such date.”

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Section 13163(d) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4092, 6421, and 9508 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1994.”

Section 13241(g) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4042, 4081, 4091, 4093, 6420, 6421, and 6427 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1993.”

Section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting sections 4084 and 6714 of this title and amending this section and sections 4081 to 4083, 4091 to 4093, 4101 to 4103, 6206, 6302, 6412, 6416, 6420, 6421, 6427, 9502, 9503, and 9508 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1994.”

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Section 11211(a)(6) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that: “Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and sections 4081 and 9503 of this title] shall apply to gasoline removed (as defined in [former] section 4082 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) after November 30, 1990.”

Section 11211(b)(7) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and sections 4091, 4093, 6427, 9502, and 9503 of this title] shall take effect on December 1, 1990.”

Section 11213(b)(4) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and sections 4091 and 6427 of this title] shall take effect on December 1, 1990.”

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 1017(c)(3), (4) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Amendment by section 2001(d)(2), (3)(A)–(D) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Superfund Revenue Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–499, title V, to which it relates, see section 2001(e) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 56 of this title.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendments

Section 2001(d)(1)(A) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (b)(3) and (d)(17) of section 10502 of the Revenue Act of 1987 [Pub. L. 100–203, amending this section and section 9508 of this title] shall be treated as if included in the amendments made by section 521 of the Superfund Revenue Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–499] except that the last sentence of [former] paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 4041(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as amended by such subsection (b)(3)) and the reference to section 4091 of such Code in section 9508(c)(2)(A) of such Code (as amended by such subsection (d)(1) [(d)(17)]) shall not apply to sales before April 1, 1988.”

Section 404(d)(2) of Pub. L. 100–223 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1988.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–203 applicable to sales after Mar. 31, 1988, see section 10502(e) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendments

Section 422(a)(3) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1987.”

Section 1702(c) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 6652 of this title] shall apply to sales after the first calendar quarter beginning more than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 1986].”

Amendment by section 1878(c)(1) of Pub. L. 99–514 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, to which such amendment relates, see section 1881 of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.

Section 521(e) of Pub. L. 99–499 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4042, 4081, 4221, 6416, 6420, 6421, 6427, 9502, 9503, and 9506 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1987.”

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by section 911(a) of Pub. L. 98–369 effective Aug. 1, 1984, see section 911(e) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.

Amendment by section 912(a) of Pub. L. 98–369 effective Jan. 1, 1985, see section 912(g) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Section 913(c) of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 40 of this title] shall take effect on August 1, 1984.”

Section 1018(c)(1) of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on April 1, 1984.”

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Section 511(h) of Pub. L. 97–424 provided that:

“(1) In general.—Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 44E, 4081, 6416, 6420, 6421, and 6427 of this title] shall take effect on April 1, 1983.

“(2) Tariff on imported alcohol.—The amendment made by subsection (d)(5) [amending item 901.50 of the Tariff Schedules, which are not set out in the Code] shall apply with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, after March 31, 1983.

“(3) For subsection (e)(2).—The amendment made by subsection (e)(2) [amending section 6427 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1983.

“(4) Shared transportation requirement.—The amendment made by subsection (e)(3) [amending section 6427 of this title] shall apply with respect to fuel purchased after December 31, 1982, and before January 1, 1984.”

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Section 279(c) of Pub. L. 97–248 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 6427 of this title] shall take effect on September 1, 1982.”

Effective Date of 1978 Amendments

Section 221(b)(2) of Pub. L. 95–618, as amended by Pub. L. 96–223, title II, §232(a)(3), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 273, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply to sales or use after December 31, 1978.”

Section 222(b) of Pub. L. 95–618 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section and sections 6421 and 6424 of this title] shall apply with respect to uses after December 31, 1978.”

Amendment by section 233(a)(3)(B) of Pub. L. 95–618 effective on first day of first calendar month which begins more than 10 days after Nov. 9, 1978, see section 233(d) of Pub. L. 95–618, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–600 effective Oct. 4, 1976, see section 703(r) of Pub. L. 95–600, set out as a note under section 46 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendments

Section 1(d) of Pub. L. 94–530 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 39, 6427, 7210, 7603, 7604, and 7605 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1976.”

Section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: “Except as otherwise provided in this section, the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 263, 861, 1232, 4042, 4216, 4217, 4227, 4253, 4261, 4271, 4371 to 4374, 4482, 4493, 4901, 4905, 4973, 6011, 6416, 6611, 6651, 6808, 7012, 7234, 7240, 7265, 7270, 7272, 7303, 7611, and 7655 of this title and repealing sections 4042, 4054 to 4058, 4226, 4292, 4294, 4295, 4591 to 4597, 4801 to 4806, 4811 to 4826, 4881 to 4886, 4911 to 4931, 6076, 6680, 6681, 6689, 7235, 7239, 7241, 7264, 7267, 7274, and 7328 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first month which begins more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 4, 1976].”

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Section 211 of title II of Pub. L. 91–258 provided that:

“(a) General Rule.—Except as provided in subsection (b), the amendments made by this title [see Short Title of 1970 Amendment note below] shall take effect on July 1, 1970.

“(b) Exceptions.—The amendments made by sections 203 [enacting section 7275 and amending sections 4261 and 4262 of this title] and 204 [enacting sections 4271 and 4272 of this title] shall apply to transportation beginning after June 30, 1970. The amendments made by subsections (a), (b), and (c) of section 207 [enacting section 6427 and amending sections 39, 6420, 6421, and 6424] shall apply with respect to taxable years ending after June 30, 1970.”

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 802(d)(2) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a)(2) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to casinghead and natural gasoline sold or used on or after July 1, 1965, except that such amendment shall not apply to a sale or use of casinghead or natural gasoline which was sold by a producer or importer before such date if tax under section 4081 of the Code (as in effect prior to the amendment made by subsection (a)(1) [amending section 4082 of this title]) was imposed with respect to such sale.”

Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Section 208 of title II of Pub. L. 87–61 provided that:

“(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the amendments made by this title [enacting section 6156 of this title, amending this section and sections 4061, 4071, 4081, 4218, 4221, 4226, 4481, 4482, 6412, 6416, 6421, and 6601 of this title, and amending section 209 of The Highway Revenue Act of 1956, set out as a note under section 120 of Title 23, Highways] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [June 29, 1961].

“(b)(1) The amendments made by sections 201, 202, and 203 [enacting section 6156 of this title and amending this section and sections 4071, 4081, 4481, 4482, 6421, and 6601 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1961.

“(2) The amendments made by section 205(a), (c), and (d) [amending sections 4221 and 6416 of this title] shall apply only in the case of gasoline sold on or after October 1, 1961.

“(3) The amendment made by section 205(b) [amending section 4218 of this title] shall apply only in the case of gasoline used on or after October 1, 1961.”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–859 effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

Effective Date of 1956 Amendments

Section 211 of title II of act June 29, 1956, provided that: “This title [enacting sections 173 and 174 of Title 23, Highways, and sections 4426, 4481 to 4484 of this title, amending this section and sections 4061, 4071, 4072, 4073, 4081, 4084, 6206, 6412, 6416, 6504, 6511, 6612, 6675, 7210, 7603, 7604, and 7605 of this title, and renumbering sections 4227 and 6422 of this title] shall take effect on the date of its enactment [June 29, 1956], except that the amendments made by sections 202, 203, 204, and 205 [amending this section and sections 4061, 4071, 4072, 4073, and 4081 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1956.”

Section 2(a)(2) of act Apr. 2, 1956, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 2, 1956].”

Short Title of 1970 Amendment

Section 201(a) of title II of Pub. L. 91–258 provided that: “This title [enacting sections 4271, 4272, 4281, 4282, 4491 to 4494, 6426, 6427, and 7275 of this title and section 1742 of former Title 49, Transportation, amending this section and sections 39, 874, 4082, 4261, 4262, 4291 to 4294, 6156, 6201, 6206, 6401, 6415, 6416, 6420, 6421, 6424, 6675, 7210, and 7603 to 7605 of this title, repealing former section 4263 of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under section 104 of Title 4, Flag and Seal, Seat of Government, and the States, and section 1742 of former Title 49, and amending provision set out as a note under section 120 of Title 23, Highways] may be cited as the ‘Airport and Airway Revenue Act of 1970’.”

Short Title of 1956 Amendments

Section 201(a) of title II of act June 29, 1956, provided that: “This title [enacting sections 173 and 174 of Title 23, Highways, and sections 4426, 4481 to 4484 of this title, amending this section and sections 4061, 4071, 4072, 4073, 4081, 4084, 6206, 6412, 6416, 6504, 6511, 6612, 6675, 7210, 7603, 7604, and 7605 of this title, and renumbering sections 4227 and 6422 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Highway Revenue Act of 1956’.”

Section 1 of act Mar. 29, 1956, provided: “That this Act [amending this section and sections 11, 821, 4061, 4081, 5001, 5022, 5041, 5051, 5063, 5134, 5701, 5701 note, 5707, and 6412 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Tax Rate Extension Act of 1956’.”

Short Title of 1955 Amendment

Section 1 of act Mar. 30, 1955, provided: “That this Act [amending this section and sections 11, 821, 4061, 4081, 5001, 5022, 5041, 5051, 5063, 5134, 5701, 5701 note, 5707, and 6412 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Tax Rate Extension Act of 1955’.”

Delayed Deposits of Highway Motor Fuel Tax Revenues

Due date for deposit of taxes imposed by this section which would be required to be made after July 31, 1998, and before Oct. 1, 1998, to be Oct. 5, 1998, see section 901(e) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 6302 of this title.

Floor Stocks Taxes

Section 11213(b)(5) of Pub. L. 101–508 imposed a floor stocks tax on aviation fuel on which tax was imposed under section 4041(c)(1) or 4091 of this title before Dec. 1, 1990, and which was held on such date by any person.

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Study by Secretary of the Treasury; Report to Congress

Pub. L. 96–451, title II, §204, Oct. 14, 1980, 94 Stat. 1988, directed Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with Secretary of department in which Coast Guard was operating, to conduct a study to determine portion of taxes imposed by sections 4041(b) and 4081 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 which were attributable to fuel used in recreational motorboats, and to report to Congress on his findings under such study, not later than 2 years after Oct. 14, 1980.

Study of Imported Alcohol by Secretary of the Treasury

Section 232(f) of Pub. L. 96–223 required, within 180 days after Apr. 2, 1980, Secretary of the Treasury to furnish specific Congressional committees recommendations for limiting import of alcohol into United States for fuel purposes.

Reports on Use of Alcohol in Fuel

Section 221(c) of Pub. L. 95–618, as amended by Pub. L. 96–223, §232(g), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “On April 1 of each year, beginning with April 1, 1981, and ending with April 1, 1992, the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Transportation, shall submit to the Congress a report on the use of alcohol in fuel. The report shall include—

“(1) a description of the firms engaged in the alcohol fuel industry,

“(2) the amount of alcohol fuel sold in each State, and the amount of gasoline saved in each State by reason of the use of alcohol fuels,

“(3) the revenue loss resulting from the exemptions from tax for alcohol fuels under sections 4041(k) and 4081(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] and the credit allowable under section 44E [now 40] of such Code and the impact of such revenue loss on the Highway Trust Fund, and

“(4) the cost of production and the retail cost of alcohol fuels as compared to gasoline and special fuels not mixed with alcohol.”

§4042. Tax on fuel used in commercial transportation on inland waterways

(a) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax on any liquid used during any calendar quarter by any person as a fuel in a vessel in commercial waterway transportation.

(b) Amount of tax

(1) In general

The rate of the tax imposed by subsection (a) is the sum of—

(A) the Inland Waterways Trust Fund financing rate,

(B) the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate, and

(C) the deficit reduction rate.

(2) Rates

For purposes of paragraph (1)—

(A) The Inland Waterways Trust Fund financing rate is the rate determined in accordance with the following table:

 
  If the use occurs:The tax per

gallon is:

   Before 1990 10 cents  
   During 1990 11 cents  
   During 1991 13 cents  
   During 1992 15 cents  
   During 1993 17 cents  
   During 1994 19 cents  
   After 1994 20 cents.

(B) The Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate is 0.1 cent per gallon.

(C) The deficit reduction rate is—

(i) 3.3 cents per gallon after December 31, 2004, and before July 1, 2005,

(ii) 2.3 cents per gallon after June 30, 2005, and before January 1, 2007, and

(iii) 0 after December 31, 2006.

(3) Exception for fuel on which Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate separately imposed

The Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply to the use of any fuel if tax was imposed with respect to such fuel under section 4041(d) or 4081 at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate.

(4) Termination of Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate

The Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply during any period during which the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under section 4081 does not apply.

(c) Exemptions

(1) Deep-draft ocean-going vessels

The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to any vessel designed primarily for use on the high seas which has a draft of more than 12 feet.

(2) Passenger vessels

The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to any vessel used primarily for the transportation of persons.

(3) Use by State or local government in transporting property in a state or local business

Subparagraph (B) of subsection (d)(1) shall not apply with respect to use by a State or political subdivision thereof.

(4) Use in moving lash and seabee ocean-going barges

The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to use for movement by tug of exclusively LASH (Lighter-aboard-ship) and SEABEE ocean-going barges released by their ocean-going carriers solely to pick up or deliver international cargoes.

(d) Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1) Commercial waterway transportation

The term “commercial waterway transportation” means any use of a vessel on any inland or intracoastal waterway of the United States—

(A) in the business of transporting property for compensation or hire, or

(B) in transporting property in the business of the owner, lessee, or operator of the vessel (other than fish or other aquatic animal life caught on the voyage).

(2) Inland or intracoastal waterway of the United States

The term “inland or intracoastal waterway of the United States” means any inland or intracoastal waterway of the United States which is described in section 206 of the Inland Waterways Revenue Act of 1978.

(3) Person

The term “person” includes the United States, a State, a political subdivision of a State, or any agency or instrumentality of any of the foregoing.

(e) Date for filing return

The date for filing the return of the tax imposed by this section for any calendar quarter shall be the last day of the first month following such quarter.

(Added Pub. L. 95–502, title II, §202(a), Oct. 21, 1978, 92 Stat. 1696; amended Pub. L. 99–499, title V, §521(a)(3), Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1777; Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1404(a), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4270; Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2002(a)(2), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3597; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13241(d), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 510; Pub. L. 108–357, title II, §241(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1438; Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(1)(B), Dec. 29, 2007, 121 Stat. 2480.)

References in Text

Section 206 of the Inland Waterways Revenue Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (d)(2), is section 206 of Pub. L. 95–502, title II, Oct. 21, 1978, 92 Stat. 1700, which is classified to section 1804 of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4042, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 478, provided a cross reference to section 4222 of this title for exemption from tax where special motor fuels are sold for use for certain vessels, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(1)(D), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811.

Amendments

2007—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 110–172 amended heading and text of par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply to the use of any fuel if tax under section 4041(d) was imposed on the sale of such fuel or is imposed on such use.”

2004—Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 108–357 amended subpar. (C) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (C) read as follows: “The deficit reduction rate is 4.3 cents per gallon.”

1993—Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(d)(1), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(d)(2), added subpar. (C).

1988—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–647 amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “For purposes of paragraph (1)—

“(A) the Inland Waterways Trust Fund financing rate is 10 cents a gallon, and

“(B) the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate is 0.1 cents a gallon.”

1986—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–499 and Pub. L. 99–662 both amended subsec. (b) generally, effective Jan. 1, 1987. Pub. L. 100–647, §2002(a)(1) (see Construction of 1986 Amendments note below), provided that for purposes of this section, the amendment made by Pub. L. 99–499 be treated as enacted after the amendment made by Pub. L. 99–662. Prior to amendment by Pub. L. 99–499 and Pub. L. 99–662, subsec. (b) read as follows:

 
“If the use occurs—The tax is—
After September 30, 1980 and before October 1, 1981 4 cents a gallon  
After September 30, 1981 and before October 1, 1983 6 cents a gallon  
After September 30, 1983 and before October 1, 1985 8 cents a gallon  
After September 30, 1985 10 cents a gallon”.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–172 effective as if included in the provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Pub. L. 109–58, to which such amendment relates, see section 6(e) of Pub. L. 110–172, set out as a note under section 30C of this title.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 effective Jan. 1, 2005, see section 241(c) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Oct. 1, 1993, see section 13241(g) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Section 2002(d) of Pub. L. 100–647, as amended by Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7812(b), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2412, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (b) and (c) [amending section 4462 of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 4461 of this title] shall take effect as if included in the provision of the Harbor Maintenance Revenue Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV] to which it relates, and the amendment made by subsection (a)(2) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendment made by section 521(a)(3) of the Superfund Revenue Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–499, title V].”

Effective Date of 1986 Amendments

Section 1404(c) of Pub. L. 99–662 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 1804 of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters] shall take effect on January 1, 1987.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–499 effective Jan. 1, 1987, see section 521(e) of Pub. L. 99–499, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date

Section 202(d) of Pub. L. 95–502 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending section 4293 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1980.”

Construction of 1986 Amendments

Section 2002(a)(1) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “For purposes of section 4042 of the 1986 Code, the amendment made by section 521(a)(3) of the Superfund Revenue Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–499, amending this section] shall be treated as enacted after the amendment made by section 1404(a) of the Harbor Maintenance Revenue Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–662, amending this section].”

Subchapter C—Heavy Trucks and Trailers

Sec.
4051.
Imposition of tax on heavy trucks and trailers sold at retail.
4052.
Definitions and special rules.
4053.
Exemptions.

        

Amendments

1990—Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–438, redesignated this subchapter, formerly subchapter B, as subchapter C.

§4051. Imposition of tax on heavy trucks and trailers sold at retail

(a) Imposition of tax

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed on the first retail sale of the following articles (including in each case parts or accessories sold on or in connection therewith or with the sale thereof) a tax of 12 percent of the amount for which the article is so sold:

(A) Automobile truck chassis.

(B) Automobile truck bodies.

(C) Truck trailer and semitrailer chassis.

(D) Truck trailer and semitrailer bodies.

(E) Tractors of the kind chiefly used for highway transportation in combination with a trailer or semitrailer.

(2) Exclusion for trucks weighing 33,000 pounds or less

The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall not apply to automobile truck chassis and automobile truck bodies, suitable for use with a vehicle which has a gross vehicle weight of 33,000 pounds or less (as determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary).

(3) Exclusion for trailers weighing 26,000 pounds or less

The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall not apply to truck trailer and semitrailer chassis and bodies, suitable for use with a trailer or semitrailer which has a gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds or less (as determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary.1

(4) Exclusion for tractors weighing 19,500 pounds or less

The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall not apply to tractors of the kind chiefly used for highway transportation in combination with a trailer or semitrailer if—

(A) such tractor has a gross vehicle weight of 19,500 pounds or less (as determined by the Secretary), and

(B) such tractor, in combination with a trailer or semitrailer, has a gross combined weight of 33,000 pounds or less (as determined by the Secretary).

(5) Sale of trucks, etc., treated as sale of chassis and body

For purposes of this subsection, a sale of an automobile truck or truck trailer or semitrailer shall be considered to be a sale of a chassis and of a body described in paragraph (1).

(b) Separate purchase of truck or trailer and parts and accessories therefor

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary—

(1) In general

If—

(A) the owner, lessee, or operator of any vehicle which contains an article taxable under subsection (a) installs (or causes to be installed) any part or accessory on such vehicle, and

(B) such installation is not later than the date 6 months after the date such vehicle (as it contains such article) was first placed in service,


then there is hereby imposed on such installation a tax equal to 12 percent of the price of such part or accessory and its installation.

(2) Exceptions

Paragraph (1) shall not apply if—

(A) the part or accessory installed is a replacement part or accessory, or

(B) the aggregate price of the parts and accessories (and their installation) described in paragraph (1) with respect to any vehicle does not exceed $1,000 (or such other amount or amounts as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe).

(3) Installers secondarily liable for tax

The owners of the trade or business installing the parts or accessories shall be secondarily liable for the tax imposed by paragraph (1).

(c) Termination

On and after April 1, 2012, the taxes imposed by this section shall not apply.

(d) Credit against tax for tire tax

If—

(1) tires are sold on or in connection with the sale of any article, and

(2) tax is imposed by this subchapter on the sale of such tires,


there shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by this subchapter an amount equal to the tax (if any) imposed by section 4071 on such tires.

(Added Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §512(b)(1), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2174; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §734(g), title IX, §921, July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 980, 1009; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §§1877(c), 1899A(47), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2902, 2961; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §502(a)(2), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 256; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11211(c)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–426; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(a)(1), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §§1401(a), 1402(a), 1432(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1045, 1046, 1050; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(a)(1)(D), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §§11101(a)(1)(D), 11112(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1943, 1946; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(a)(2)(B), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4051, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 479, defined the price for which articles were sold for purposes of determining retailers excise taxes, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(1)(D), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811.

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted “April 1, 2012” for “October 1, 2011”.

2005—Subsec. (a)(4), (5). Pub. L. 109–59, §11112(a), added par. (4) and redesignated former par. (4) as (5).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–59, §11101(a)(1)(D), substituted “2011” for “2005”.

1998—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted “2005” for “1999”.

1997—Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 105–34, §1401(a), substituted “$1,000” for “$200”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–34, §1432(a), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which provided for a temporary reduction in tax on certain piggyback trailers.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–34, §1432(a), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d).

Pub. L. 105–34, §1401(a), amended heading and text of subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “In the case of any article taxable under subsection (a) on which tax was imposed under section 4061(a), subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting ‘2 percent’ for ‘12 percent’.”

1991—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–240 substituted “1999” for “1995”.

1990—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted “1995” for “1993”.

1987—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–17 substituted “1993” for “1988”.

1986—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 99–514, §1899A(47), substituted “July 18, 1984” for “the date of the enactment of the Tax Reform Act of 1984”.

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 99–514, §1877(c), inserted at end “No tax shall be imposed by reason of this paragraph on any use or resale which occurs more than 6 years after the date of the first retail sale.”

1984—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 98–369, §734(g), substituted “The owners of the trade or business installing the parts or accessories shall be secondarily liable for the tax imposed by paragraph (1)” for “In addition to the owner, lessee, or operator of the vehicle, the owner of the trade or business installing the part or accessory shall be liable for the tax imposed by paragraph (1)”.

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 98–369, §921, added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11112(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1946, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to sales after September 30, 2005.”

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by section 1401(a) of Pub. L. 105–34 applicable to installations on vehicles sold after Aug. 5, 1997, see section 1401(b) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4003 of this title.

Section 1402(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 4052 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1998.”

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by section 1877(c) of Pub. L. 99–514 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, to which such amendment relates, see section 1881 of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Section 736 of subtitle C (§§731–736) of title VII of div. A of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: “Except as otherwise provided in this subtitle, any amendment made by this subtitle [amending this section and sections 48, 1366, 4052, 4053, 4071 to 4073, 4081, 4082, 4216, 4218, 4221 to 4223, 4227, 4481, 6401, 6412, 6416, 6427, 6511, and 9502 of this title, repealing sections 4061 to 4063 of this title, and amending provisions set out as notes under sections 4061 and 4081 of this title] shall take effect as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982 [Pub. L. 97–424] to which such amendment relates.”

Effective Date

Section 512(b)(3) of Pub. L. 97–424 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [enacting this subchapter and amending section 6416 of this title] shall take effect on April 1, 1983.”

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

1 So in original. Probably should be preceded by a closing parenthesis.

§4052. Definitions and special rules

(a) First retail sale

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) In general

The term “first retail sale” means the first sale, for a purpose other than for resale or leasing in a long-term lease, after production, manufacture, or importation.

(2) Leases considered as sales

Rules similar to the rules of section 4217 shall apply.

(3) Use treated as sale

(A) In general

If any person uses an article taxable under section 4051 before the first retail sale of such article, then such person shall be liable for tax under section 4051 in the same manner as if such article were sold at retail by him.

(B) Exemption for use in further manufacture

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to use of an article as material in the manufacture or production of, or as a component part of, another article to be manufactured or produced by him.

(C) Computation of tax

In the case of any person made liable for tax by subparagraph (A), the tax shall be computed on the price at which similar articles are sold at retail in the ordinary course of trade, as determined by the Secretary.

(b) Determination of price

(1) In general

In determining price for purposes of this subchapter—

(A) there shall be included any charge incident to placing the article in condition ready for use,

(B) there shall be excluded—

(i) the amount of the tax imposed by this subchapter,

(ii) if stated as a separate charge, the amount of any retail sales tax imposed by any State or political subdivision thereof or the District of Columbia, whether the liability for such tax is imposed on the vendor or vendee, and

(iii) the value of any component of such article if—

(I) such component is furnished by the first user of such article, and

(II) such component has been used before such furnishing, and


(C) the price shall be determined without regard to any trade-in.

(2) Sales not at arm's length

In the case of any article sold (otherwise than through an arm's-length transaction) at less than the fair market price, the tax under this subchapter shall be computed on the price for which similar articles are sold at retail in the ordinary course of trade, as determined by the Secretary.

(3) Long-term lease

(A) In general

In the case of any long-term lease of an article which is treated as the first retail sale of such article, the tax under this subchapter shall be computed on a price equal to—

(i) the sum of—

(I) the price (determined under this subchapter but without regard to paragraph (4)) at which such article was sold to the lessor, and

(II) the cost of any parts and accessories installed by the lessor on such article before the first use by the lessee or leased in connection with such long-term lease, plus


(ii) an amount equal to the presumed markup percentage of the sum described in clause (i).

(B) Presumed markup percentage

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “presumed markup percentage” means the average markup percentage of retailers of articles of the type involved, as determined by the Secretary.

(C) Exceptions under regulations

To the extent provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary, subparagraph (A) shall not apply to specified types of leases where its application is not necessary to carry out the purposes of this subsection.

(4) Special rule where tax paid by manufacturer, producer, or importer

(A) In general

In any case where the manufacturer, producer, or importer of any article (or a related person) is liable for tax imposed by this subchapter with respect to such article, the tax under this subchapter shall be computed on a price equal to the sum of—

(i) the price which would (but for this paragraph) be determined under this subchapter, plus

(ii) the product of the price referred to in clause (i) and the presumed markup percentage determined under paragraph (3)(B).

(B) Related person

For purposes of this paragraph—

(i) In general

Except as provided in clause (ii), the term “related person” means any person who is a member of the same controlled group (within the meaning of section 5061(e)(3)) as the manufacturer, producer, or importer.

(ii) Exception for retail establishment

To the extent provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary, a person shall not be treated as a related person with respect to the sale of any article if such article is sold through a permanent retail establishment in the normal course of the trade or business of being a retailer.

(c) Certain combinations not treated as manufacture

(1) In general

For purposes of this subchapter (other than subsection (a)(3)(B)), a person shall not be treated as engaged in the manufacture of any article by reason of merely combining such article with any item listed in paragraph (2).

(2) Items

The items listed in this paragraph are any coupling device (including any fifth wheel), wrecker crane, loading and unloading equipment (including any crane, hoist, winch, or power liftgate), aerial ladder or tower, snow and ice control equipment, earthmoving, excavation and construction equipment, spreader, sleeper cab, cab shield, or wood or metal floor.

(d) Certain other rules made applicable

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, rules similar to the rules of subsections (c) and (d) of section 4216 (relating to partial payments) shall apply for purposes of this subchapter.

(e) Long-term lease

For purposes of this section, the term “long-term lease” means any lease with a term of 1 year or more. In determining a lease term for purposes of the preceding sentence, the rules of section 168(i)(3)(A) shall apply.

(f) Certain repairs and modifications not treated as manufacture

(1) In general

An article described in section 4051(a)(1) shall not be treated as manufactured or produced solely by reason of repairs or modifications to the article (including any modification which changes the transportation function of the article or restores a wrecked article to a functional condition) if the cost of such repairs and modifications does not exceed 75 percent of the retail price of a comparable new article.

(2) Exception

Paragraph (1) shall not apply if the article (as repaired or modified) would, if new, be taxable under section 4051 and the article when new was not taxable under such section or the corresponding provision of prior law.

(g) Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe regulations which permit, in lieu of any other certification, persons who are purchasing articles taxable under this subchapter for resale or leasing in a long-term lease to execute a statement (made under penalties of perjury) on the sale invoice that such sale is for resale. The Secretary shall not impose any registration requirement as a condition of using such procedure.

(Added Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §512(b)(1), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2175; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §§731, 735(b)(2), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 976, 981; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §§505(a)–(c), 506(a), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 258, 259; Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, §6111(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3713; Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §§1402(b), 1434(a), (b), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1046, 1052; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6014(c), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 820.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4052, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 479, provided that lease of an article would be considered the sale of article for excise tax purposes, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(1)(D), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 105–206 substituted “such section” for “this section”.

1997—Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(ii) to (iv). Pub. L. 105–34, §1402(b), inserted “and” at end of cl. (ii), redesignated cl. (iv) as (iii), and struck out former cl. (iii) which read as follows: “the fair market value (including any tax imposed by section 4071) at retail of any tires (not including any metal rim or rim base), and”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–34, §1434(b)(1), substituted “rules of subsections (c) and (d) of section 4216 (relating to partial payments) shall apply” for “rules of—

“(1) subsections (c) and (d) of section 4216 (relating to partial payments), and

“(2) section 4222 (relating to registration),

shall apply”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–34, §1434(a), redesignated subsec. (f) as (e).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 105–34, §1434(a), added subsec. (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–34, §1434(b)(2), added subsec. (g).

1988—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–647 substituted “production, manufacture” for “manufacture, production”.

1987—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–17, §505(a), inserted “or leasing in a long-term lease” after “resale”.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–17, §505(b), added par. (3).

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 100–17, §506(a), added par. (4).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–17, §505(c), added subsec. (f).

1984—Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(iv). Pub. L. 98–369, §731, added cl. (iv).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(b)(2), in amending subsec. (c) generally, designated existing provisions as par. (1), in par. (1) as so designated substituted “by reason of merely combining such article with any article listed in paragraph (2)” for “with any equipment or other item listed in section 4063(d)”, and added par. (2).

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by section 1402(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective Jan. 1, 1998, see section 1402(c) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Section 1434(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1998.”

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Section 6111(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1988.”

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Section 505(d) of Pub. L. 100–17 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer on or after the first day of the first calendar quarter which begins more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 2, 1987].”

Section 506(b) of Pub. L. 100–17 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer on or after the 1st day of the 1st calendar quarter which begins more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 2, 1987].”

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

§4053. Exemptions

No tax shall be imposed by section 4051 on any of the following articles:

(1) Camper coaches bodies for self-propelled mobile homes

Any article designed—

(A) to be mounted or placed on automobile trucks, automobile truck chassis, or automobile chassis, and

(B) to be used primarily as living quarters or camping accommodations.

(2) Feed, seed, and fertilizer equipment

Any body primarily designed—

(A) to process or prepare seed, feed, or fertilizer for use on farms,

(B) to haul feed, seed, or fertilizer to and on farms,

(C) to spread feed, seed, or fertilizer on farms,

(D) to load or unload feed, seed, or fertilizer on farms, or

(E) for any combination of the foregoing.

(3) House trailers

Any house trailer.

(4) Ambulances, hearses, etc.

Any ambulance, hearse, or combination ambulance-hearse.

(5) Concrete mixers

Any article designed—

(A) to be placed or mounted on an automobile truck chassis or truck trailer or semitrailer chassis, and

(B) to be used to process or prepare concrete.

(6) Trash containers, etc.

Any box, container, receptacle, bin or other similar article—

(A) which is designed to be used as a trash container and is not designed for the transportation of freight other than trash, and

(B) which is not designed to be permanently mounted on or permanently affixed to an automobile truck chassis or body.

(7) Rail trailers and rail vans

Any chassis or body of a trailer or semitrailer which is designed for use both as a highway vehicle and a railroad car. For purposes of the preceding sentence, piggy-back trailer or semitrailer shall not be treated as designed for use as a railroad car.

(8) Mobile machinery

Any vehicle which consists of a chassis—

(A) to which there has been permanently mounted (by welding, bolting, riveting, or other means) machinery or equipment to perform a construction, manufacturing, processing, farming, mining, drilling, timbering, or similar operation if the operation of the machinery or equipment is unrelated to transportation on or off the public highways,

(B) which has been specially designed to serve only as a mobile carriage and mount (and a power source, where applicable) for the particular machinery or equipment involved, whether or not such machinery or equipment is in operation, and

(C) which, by reason of such special design, could not, without substantial structural modification, be used as a component of a vehicle designed to perform a function of transporting any load other than that particular machinery or equipment or similar machinery or equipment requiring such a specially designed chassis.

(9) Idling reduction device

Any device or system of devices which—

(A) is designed to provide to a vehicle those services (such as heat, air conditioning, or electricity) that would otherwise require the operation of the main drive engine while the vehicle is temporarily parked or remains stationary using one or more devices affixed to a tractor, and

(B) is determined by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Transportation, to reduce idling of such vehicle at a motor vehicle rest stop or other location where such vehicles are temporarily parked or remain stationary.

(10) Advanced insulation

Any insulation that has an R value of not less than R35 per inch.

(Added Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §512(b)(1), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2176; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(b)(1), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 981; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §851(a)(1), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1607; Pub. L. 110–343, div. B, title II, §206(a), Oct. 3, 2008, 122 Stat. 3839.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4053, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 479; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §104, 72 Stat. 1276, made provision for the imposition of the retailers tax on installment sales, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(1)(D), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811.

For provisions of prior sections 4054 to 4058 of this title, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding section 4041 of this title.

Amendments

2008—Pars. (9), (10). Pub. L. 110–343 added pars. (9) and (10).

2004—Par. (8). Pub. L. 108–357 added par. (8).

1984—Pub. L. 98–369 amended section generally, substituting provisions listing articles on which no tax under section 4051 shall be imposed for former provisions which stated that no tax be imposed under section 4051 on any article specified in subsection (a) of section 4063 and that the exemptions provided by section 4221(a) extended to the tax imposed by section 4051.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–343, div. B, title II, §206(b), Oct. 3, 2008, 122 Stat. 3839, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to sales or installations after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2008].”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §851(a)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1607, provided that: “The amendment made by this subsection [amending this section] shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

CHAPTER 32—MANUFACTURERS EXCISE TAXES

Subchapter
Sec.1
A.
Automotive and related items
4061

        

B.
Coal
4121
C.
Certain vaccines
4131
D.
Recreational equipment
4161
E.
Medical devices
4191
F.
Special provisions applicable to manufacturers tax
4216
G.
Exemptions, registration, etc
4221

        

Amendments

2010—Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1405(a)(2), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1065, added item for subchapter E.

1987—Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, §9201(c), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–330, added item for subchapter C.

1978—Pub. L. 95–227, §2(c), Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 12, added item for subchapter B.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §§203, 204, 206, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 139, 140, struck out items for subchapters B, C and E.

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

Subchapter A—Automotive and Related Items

Part
I.
Gas guzzlers.
II.
Tires.
III.
Petroleum products.

        

Amendments

1984—Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(a)(3), (c)(5)(B), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 980, 982, substituted “Gas guzzlers” for “Motor vehicles” in item for part I, and struck out “and tubes” in item for part II.

PART I—GAS GUZZLERS

Sec.
[4061 to 4063. Repealed.]
4064.
Gas guzzler tax.

        

Amendments

1986—Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1875(f), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2897, substituted “guzzler” for “guzzlers” in item 4064.

1984—Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(a)(2), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 980, substituted “GAS GUZZLERS” for “MOTOR VEHICLES” in part I heading, struck out items 4061 “Imposition of tax”, 4062 “Articles classified as parts”, and 4063 “Exemptions”, and substituted “guzzlers” for “guzzler” in item 4064.

1978—Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §201(f), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3184, added item 4064.

1971—Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(g)(2)(D), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 533, substituted “Articles classified as parts” for “Definitions” in item 4062.

[§§4061 to 4063. Repealed. Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(a)(1), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 980]

Section 4061, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 481; Mar. 30, 1955, ch. 18, §3(a)(2), 69 Stat. 14; Aug. 12, 1955, ch. 865, §1, 69 Stat. 709; Mar. 29, 1956, ch. 115, §3(a)(2), 70 Stat. 66; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §203, 70 Stat. 388; Mar. 29, 1957, Pub. L. 85–12, §3(a)(1), 71 Stat. 9; June 30, 1958, Pub. L. 85–475, §3(a)(1), 72 Stat. 259; June 30, 1959, Pub. L. 86–75, §3(a)(1), 73 Stat. 157; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–564, title II §202(a)(1), 74 Stat. 290; June 29, 1961, Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §204, 75 Stat. 126; June 30, 1961, Pub. L. 87–72, §3(a)(1), 75 Stat. 193; June 28, 1962, Pub. L. 87–508, §3(a)(1), 76 Stat. 114; June 29, 1963, Pub. L. 88–52, §3(a)(1), 77 Stat. 72; June 30, 1964, Pub. L. 88–348, §2(a)(1), 78 Stat. 237; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §201, 79 Stat. 136; Mar. 15, 1966, Pub. L. 89–368, title II, §201(a), 80 Stat. 65; Apr. 12, 1968, Pub. L. 90–285, §1(a)(1), 82 Stat. 92; June 28, 1968, Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(a)(1), 82 Stat. 265; Dec. 30, 1969, Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(a)(1), 83 Stat. 660; Dec. 31, 1970, Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(3), (4), 84 Stat. 1743; Dec. 31, 1970, Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(a)(1), 84 Stat. 1843; Dec. 10, 1971, Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(a)(1), (g) (1), 85 Stat. 530, 533; May 5, 1976, Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(3), (4), 90 Stat. 456; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), 90 Stat. 1834; Nov. 6, 1978, Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(2), (3), 92 Stat. 2756; Jan. 6, 1983, Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §512(a)(1), (2), 96 Stat. 2173, 2174, related to imposition of tax on trucks, buses, tractors, etc.

Section 4062, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 482; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–653, §5(b), 78 Stat. 1086; Nov. 13, 1966, Pub. L. 89–809, title II, §212(a), 80 Stat. 1585; Dec. 10, 1971, Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(g)(2)(A)–(C), 85 Stat. 533, related to articles classified as parts.

Section 4063, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 482; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 805, §1(g), 69 Stat. 690; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–653, §5(a), 78 Stat. 1086; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §801(a), 79 Stat. 157; Dec. 30, 1969, Pub. L. 91–172, title IX, §931(a), 83 Stat. 724; Dec. 31, 1970, Pub. L. 91–614, title III, §303(a), 84 Stat. 1845; Dec. 10, 1971, Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(a)(2), (g)(3), 85 Stat. 530, 533; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), title XXI, §2109(a), 90 Stat. 1834, 1904; Nov. 6, 1978, Pub. L. 95–600, title VII, §701(ff)(1), 92 Stat. 2924; Nov. 9, 1978, Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §231(a), 92 Stat. 3187; Jan. 6, 1983, Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §512(a)(3), 96 Stat. 2174, related to exemptions from tax.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, Pub. L. 97–424, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date of 1984 Amendment note under section 4051 of this title.

§4064. Gas guzzler tax

(a) Imposition of tax

There is hereby imposed on the sale by the manufacturer of each automobile a tax determined in accordance with the following table:

 
If the fuel economy of the model type

 in which the automobile falls is:

The tax is:
At least 22.5 $0  
At least 21.5 but less than 22.5 1,000  
At least 20.5 but less than 21.5 1,300  
At least 19.5 but less than 20.5 1,700  
At least 18.5 but less than 19.5 2,100  
At least 17.5 but less than 18.5 2,600  
At least 16.5 but less than 17.5 3,000  
At least 15.5 but less than 16.5 3,700  
At least 14.5 but less than 15.5 4,500  
At least 13.5 but less than 14.5 5,400  
At least 12.5 but less than 13.5 6,400  
Less than 12.5 7,700.

(b) Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1) Automobile

(A) In general

The term “automobile” means any 4-wheeled vehicle propelled by fuel—

(i) which is manufactured primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways (except any vehicle operated exclusively on a rail or rails), and

(ii) which is rated at 6,000 pounds unloaded gross vehicle weight or less.

(B) Exception for certain vehicles

The term “automobile” does not include any vehicle which is treated as a nonpassenger automobile under the rules which were prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation for purposes of section 32901 of title 49, United States Code, and which were in effect on the date of the enactment of this section.

(C) Exception for emergency vehicles

The term “automobile” does not include any vehicle sold for use and used—

(i) as an ambulance or combination ambulance-hearse,

(ii) by the United States or by a State or local government for police or other law enforcement purposes, or

(iii) for other emergency uses prescribed by the Secretary by regulations.

(2) Fuel economy

The term “fuel economy” means the average number of miles traveled by an automobile per gallon of gasoline (or equivalent amount of other fuel) consumed, as determined by the EPA Administrator in accordance with procedures established under subsection (c).

(3) Model type

The term “model type” means a particular class of automobile as determined by regulation by the EPA Administrator.

(4) Model year

The term “model year”, with reference to any specific calendar year, means a manufacturer's annual production period (as determined by the EPA Administrator) which includes January 1 of such calendar year. If a manufacturer has no annual production period, the term “model year” means the calendar year.

(5) Manufacturer

(A) In general

The term “manufacturer” includes a producer or importer.

(B) Lengthening treated as manufacture

For purposes of this section, subchapter G of this chapter, and section 6416(b)(3), the lengthening of an automobile by any person shall be treated as the manufacture of an automobile by such person.

(6) EPA Administrator

The term “EPA Administrator” means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.

(7) Fuel

The term “fuel” means gasoline and diesel fuel. The Secretary (after consultation with the Secretary of Transportation) may, by regulation, include any product of petroleum or natural gas within the meaning of such term if he determines that such inclusion is consistent with the need of the Nation to conserve energy.

(c) Determination of fuel economy

For purposes of this section—

(1) In general

Fuel economy for any model type shall be measured in accordance with testing and calculation procedures established by the EPA Administrator by regulation. Procedures so established shall be the procedures utilized by the EPA Administrator for model year 1975 (weighted 55 percent urban cycle, and 45 percent highway cycle), or procedures which yield comparable results. Procedures under this subsection, to the extent practicable, shall require that fuel economy tests be conducted in conjunction with emissions tests conducted under section 206 of the Clean Air Act. The EPA Administrator shall report any measurements of fuel economy to the Secretary.

(2) Special rule for fuels other than gasoline

The EPA Administrator shall by regulation determine that quantity of any other fuel which is the equivalent of one gallon of gasoline.

(3) Time by which regulations must be issued

Testing and calculation procedures applicable to a model year, and any amendment to such procedures (other than a technical or clerical amendment), shall be promulgated not less than 12 months before the model year to which such procedures apply.

(Added Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §201(a), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3180; amended Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1812(e)(1)(B)(i), (ii), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2836; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11216(a)–(d), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–437; Pub. L. 103–272, §5(g)(1), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1374; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11111(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1946.)

References in Text

The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(B), is Nov. 9, 1978.

Section 206 of the Clean Air Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is section 206 of act July 14, 1955, ch. 360, title II, as added Dec. 31, 1970, Pub. L. 91–604, §8(a), 84 Stat. 1694, which is classified to section 7525 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 109–59 struck out concluding provisions which read as follows: “In the case of a limousine, the preceding sentence shall be applied without regard to clause (ii).”

1994—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–272 substituted “section 32901 of title 49, United States Code,” for “section 501 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act (15 U.S.C. 2001)”.

1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–508, §11216(a), amended subsec. (a) generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which set forth gas guzzler tax tables in the case of automobiles built in each of the model years 1980 through 1986 and later.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, §11216(b), inserted at end “In the case of a limousine, the preceding sentence shall be applied without regard to clause (ii).”

Subsec. (b)(5)(B). Pub. L. 101–508, §11216(c), substituted heading for one which read: “Exception for certain small manufacturers” and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A person shall not be treated as the manufacturer of any automobile if—

“(i) such person would (but for this subparagraph) be so treated solely by reason of lengthening an existing automobile, and

“(ii) such person is a small manufacturer (as defined in subsection (d)(4)) for the model year in which such lengthening occurs.”

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508, §11216(d), struck out subsec. (d) which prescribed special rules for small manufacturers.

1986—Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 99–514, §1812(e)(1)(B)(i), substituted “unloaded gross vehicle weight” for “gross vehicle weight”.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 99–514, §1812(e)(1)(B)(ii), amended par. (5) generally, designating existing provisions as subpar. (A), adding subpar. (A) heading, and adding subpar. (B).

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11111(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1946, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2005.”

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Section 11216(e) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that:

“(1) Subsections (a) and (b).—The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section] shall apply to sales after December 31, 1990.

“(2) Subsection (c).—The amendments made by subsection (c) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1991.

“(3) Subsection (d).—The amendment made by subsection (d) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this section [Nov. 5, 1990].”

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Section 1812(e)(1)(B)(iii) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “The amendments made by clauses (i) and (ii) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 201 of Public Law 95–618 [see Effective Date note below]; except that the amendment made by clause (i) shall not apply to any station wagon if—

“(I) such station wagon is originally equipped with more than 6 seat belts,

“(II) such station wagon was manufactured before November 1, 1985, and

“(III) such station wagon is of the 1985 or 1986 model year.”

Effective Date

Section 201(g) of Pub. L. 95–618, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending sections 1016, 4217, 4221, 4222, 4293, and 6416 of this title] shall apply with respect to 1980 and later model year automobiles (as defined in section 4064(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954]).”

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

PART II—TIRES

Sec.
4071.
Imposition of tax.
4072.
Definitions.
4073.
Exemptions.

        

Amendments

2004—Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §869(d)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1623, substituted “Exemptions” for “Exemption for tires with internal wire fastening” in item 4073.

1984—Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(5)(A), (C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 982, struck out “AND TUBES” from heading of part II and substituted “Exemption for tires with internal wire fastening” for “Exemptions” in item 4073.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §204(d), 70 Stat. 389, substituted “Definitions” for “Definition of rubber” in item 4072.

§4071. Imposition of tax

(a) Imposition and rate of tax

There is hereby imposed on taxable tires sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof a tax at the rate of 9.45 cents (4.725 cents in the case of a biasply tire or super single tire) for each 10 pounds so much of the maximum rated load capacity thereof as exceeds 3,500 pounds.

(b) Special rule for manufacturers who sell at retail

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, if the manufacturer, producer, or importer of any tire delivers such tire to a retail store or retail outlet of such manufacturer, producer, or importer, he shall be liable for tax under subsection (a) in respect of such tire in the same manner as if it had been sold at the time it was delivered to such retail store or outlet. This subsection shall not apply to an article in respect to which tax has been imposed by subsection (a). Subsection (a) shall not apply to an article in respect of which tax has been imposed by this subsection.

(c) Tires on imported articles

For the purposes of subsection (a), if an article imported into the United States is equipped with tires—

(1) the importer of the article shall be treated as the importer of the tires with which such article is equipped, and

(2) the sale of the article by the importer thereof shall be treated as the sale of the tires with which such article is equipped.


This subsection shall not apply with respect to the sale of an automobile bus chassis or an automobile bus body.

(d) Termination

On and after April 1, 2012, the taxes imposed by subsection (a) shall not apply.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 482; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §204(a), 70 Stat. 388; Pub. L. 86–440, §1(a), Apr. 22, 1960, 74 Stat. 80; Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §202, June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 124; Pub. L. 89–523, §1(a), Aug. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 331; Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(5), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1744; Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(f), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 533; Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(5), May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 456; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(4), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2756; Pub. L. 96–222, title I, §108(c)(2)(C), Apr. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 227; Pub. L. 96–596, §4(a)(1), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3475; Pub. L. 96–598, §1(d), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3486; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§514(a), 516(a)(2), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2181, 2182; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(2), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 982; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §502(a)(3), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 256; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11211(c)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–426; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(a)(2), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(a)(1)(E), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §869(a), (d)(1), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1623; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11101(a)(1)(E), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1943; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(a)(2)(C), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356.)

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted “April 1, 2012” for “October 1, 2011”.

2005—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted “2011” for “2005”.

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357, §869(a), reenacted heading without change and amended text of subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) imposed tax and set forth table of rates providing for no tax if the tire weighed not more than 40 lbs., tax of 15 cents per lb. in excess of 40 lbs. if the tire weighed more than 40 lbs. but not more than 70 lbs., tax of $4.50 plus 30 cents per lb. in excess of 70 lbs. if the tire weighed more than 70 lbs. but not more than 90 lbs., and tax of $10.50 plus 50 cents per lb. in excess of 90 lbs. if the tire weighed more than 90 lbs.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §869(d)(1), redesignated subsec. (e) as (c) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (c). Text read as follows: “For purposes of this section, weight shall be based on total weight exclusive of metal rims or rim bases. Total weight of the articles shall be determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary.”

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–357, §869(d)(1), redesignated subsec. (e) as (c).

1998—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted “2005” for “1999”.

1991—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–240 substituted “1999” for “1995”.

1990—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted “1995” for “1993”.

1987—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–17 substituted “1993” for “1988”.

1984—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(2)(A), struck out “or inner tube” after “any tire”, and struck out “or tube” after “such tire” in two places in first sentence.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(2)(B), substituted “on total weight exclusive” for “on total weight, except that in the case of tires such total weight shall be exclusive”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(2)(C), struck out “or inner tubes (other than bicycle tires and inner tubes)” after “equipped with tires” in provisions preceding par. (1), struck out “and inner tubes” before “with which such article is equipped” in pars. (1) and (2), and substituted “sale of an automobile bus chassis or an automobile bus body” for “sale of an article if a tax on such sale is imposed under section 4061 or if such article is an automobile bus chassis or an automobile bus body” in provisions following par. (2).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(2)(D), struck out subsec. (f) which related to imported recapped or retreaded United States tires.

1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–424, §514(a), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows: “There is hereby imposed upon the following articles, if wholly or in part of rubber, sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer, a tax at the following rates:

“(1) Tires of the type used on highway vehicles, 9.75 cents a pound.

“(2) Other tires (other than laminated tires to which paragraph (5) applies), 4.875 cents a pound.

“(3) Inner tubes, for tires, 10 cents a pound.

“(4) Tread rubber, 5 cents a pound.

“(5) Laminated tires (not of the type used on highway vehicles) which consist wholly of scrap rubber from used tire casings with an internal metal fastening agent, 1 cent a pound.”

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(a)(2), substituted provision that, on and after Oct. 1, 1988, the taxes imposed by subsec. (a) shall not apply, for provision that, on and after Oct. 1, 1984, the tax imposed by subsec. (a)(1) would be 4.875 cents a pound, that by subsec. (a)(3) would be 9 cents a pound, and that subsec. (a)(4) would not apply.

1980—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–596, §4(a)(1)(A), substituted “9.75 cents” for “10 cents”.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 96–596, §4(a)(1)(B), substituted “4.875 cents” for “5 cents”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 96–596, §4(a)(1)(C), substituted “4.875 cents” for “5 cents”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–222 inserted references to an automobile bus chassis or body.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–598 added subsec. (f).

1978—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–599 substituted “1984” for “1979”.

1976—Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 94–280 substituted “1979” for “1977”.

1971—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 92–178 added subsec. (e).

1970—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–605 substituted “1977” for “1972”.

1966—Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 89–523 added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsec. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), respectively.

1961—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 87–61, §202(a), increased tax from 8 to 10 cents a pound.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 87–61, §202(c), increased tax from 9 to 10 cents a pound.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 87–61, §202(c), increased tax from 3 to 5 cents a pound.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–61, §202(d), substituted “October 1, 1972” for “July 1, 1972”, added par. (2), and redesignated former par. (2) as (3).

1960—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 86–440, §1(a)(1), inserted “(other than laminated tires to which paragraph (5) applies)” after “other tires”.

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 86–440, §1(a)(2), added par. (5).

1956—Act June 29, 1956, increased tax on tires of type used on highway vehicles from 5 cents a pound to 8 cents a pound, provided for a tax of 3 cents a pound on tread rubber, and required on and after July 1, 1972, a reduction in tax on tires of type used on highway vehicles from 8 cents a pound to 5 cents a pound, and elimination of tax on tread rubber.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §869(e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1623, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4072 and 4073 of this title] shall apply to sales in calendar years beginning more than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Section 514(b) of Pub. L. 97–424 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold on or after January 1, 1984”.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendments

Section 1(e) of Pub. L. 96–598 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 6416 and 6511 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first calendar month which begins more than 10 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 24, 1980].”

Section 4(a)(2) of Pub. L. 96–596 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply on and after January 1, 1981.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–222 effective as if included in the provision of the Energy Tax Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95–618, Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3174, to which such amendment relates, see section 108(c)(7) of Pub. L. 96–222, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.

Effective Date of 1971 Amendment

Section 401(h) of Pub. L. 92–178 provided that:

“(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the amendments made by subsections (a), (f), and (g) [amending this section and sections 4061, 4062, 4063, 4216, 4221, 4222, 6412, and 6416 of this title] of this section shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 10, 1971].

“(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), an article shall not be considered sold before the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 10, 1971] unless possession or right to possession passes to the purchaser before such day.

“(3) In the case of—

“(A) a lease,

“(B) a contract for the sale of an article where it is provided that the price shall be paid by installments and title to the article sold does not pass until a future date notwithstanding partial payment by installments,

“(C) a conditional sale, or

“(D) a chattel mortgage arrangement wherein it is provided that the sale price shall be paid in installments,

entered into on or before the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 10, 1971], payments made after such date, with respect to the article leased or sold shall, for purposes of this subsection, be considered as payments made with respect to an article sold after such date, if the lessor or vendor establishes that the amount of payments payable after such date with respect to such article has been reduced by an amount equal to that portion of the tax applicable with respect to the lease or sale of such article which is due and payable after such date. If the lessor or vendor does not establish that the payments have been so reduced, they shall be treated as payments made in respect of an article sold before the day after the date of the enactment of this Act.”

Effective Date of 1966 Amendment

Section 1(b) of Pub. L. 89–523 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the first day of the first calendar quarter which begins more than 20 days after the date on which this Act is enacted [Aug. 1, 1966].”

Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–61 effective July 1, 1961, see section 208 of Pub. L. 87–61, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Section 1(b) of Pub. L. 86–440 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than 10 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [April 22, 1960].”

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act June 29, 1956, effective July 1, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Allowance of Credit or Refund of Overpayment of Tax Imposed

Section 4(b) of Pub. L. 96–596 provided that:

“(b) Determination of Overpayment.—

“(1) In general.—The determination of the extent to which any overpayment of tax imposed by section 4071(a)(1) or (2) or section 4071(b) has arisen by reason of an adjustment of a tire after the original sale pursuant to a warranty or guarantee, and the allowance of a credit or refund of any such overpayment, shall be determined in accordance with the principles set forth in regulations and rulings relating thereto to the extent in effect on March 31, 1978.

“(2) Effective date.—This subsection shall apply to the adjustment of any tire after March 31, 1978, and prior to January 1, 1983.”

§4072. Definitions

(a) Taxable tire

For purposes of this chapter, the term “taxable tire” means any tire of the type used on highway vehicles if wholly or in part made of rubber and if marked pursuant to Federal regulations for highway use.

(b) Rubber

For purposes of this chapter, the term “rubber” includes synthetic and substitute rubber.

(c) Tires of the type used on highway vehicles

For purposes of this part, the term “tires of the type used on highway vehicles” means tires of the type used on—

(1) motor vehicles which are highway vehicles, or

(2) vehicles of the type used in connection with motor vehicles which are highway vehicles.


Such term shall not include tires of a type used exclusively on vehicles described in section 4053(8).

(d) Biasply

For purposes of this part, the term “biasply tire” means a pneumatic tire on which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at alternate angles substantially less than 90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.

(e) Super single tire

For purposes of this part, the term “super single tire” means a single tire greater than 13 inches in cross section width designed to replace 2 tires in a dual fitment. Such term shall not include any tire designed for steering.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 482; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §204(b), 70 Stat. 389; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 982; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §§851(c)(1), 869(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1608, 1623; Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1364(a), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1060.)

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–58 inserted at end “Such term shall not include any tire designed for steering.”

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357, §869(b), added subsec. (a) and redesignated former subsec. (a) as (b).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–357, §869(b), redesignated subsec. (a) as (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (c).

Pub. L. 108–357, §851(c)(1), which directed amendment of par. (2) by inserting at end “Such term shall not include tires of a type used exclusively on vehicles described in section 4053(8).”, was executed by amending subsec. (b) by inserting that language after par. (2) to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 108–357, §869(b), redesignated subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), respectively. Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Pub. L. 108–357, §869(b), added subsecs. (c) and (d).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–357, §869(b), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e).

1984—Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 98–369 redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which defined “tread rubber”.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, substituted “Definitions” for “Definition of rubber” in section catchline.

Act June 29, 1956, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsecs. (b) and (c).

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1364(b), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1060, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in section 869 of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 [Pub. L. 108–357].”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §851(c)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1608, provided that: “The amendment made by this subsection [amending this section] shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Amendment by section 869(b) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to sales in calendar years beginning more than 30 days after Oct. 22, 2004, see section 869(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4071 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act June 29, 1956, effective July 1, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

§4073. Exemptions

The tax imposed by section 4071 shall not apply to tires sold for the exclusive use of the Department of Defense or the Coast Guard.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 482; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §204(c), 70 Stat. 389; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(4), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 982; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §869(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1623.)

Amendments

2004—Pub. L. 108–357 amended section catchline and text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The tax imposed by section 4071 shall not apply to tires of extruded tiring with an internal wire fastening agent.”

1984—Pub. L. 98–369 substituted “Exemption for tires with internal wire fastening” for “Exemptions” in section catchline, and in text struck out subsec. (a) relating to exemption from tax on tires not more than 20 inches in diameter and not more than 1¾ inches in cross section, struck out subsec. (c) relating to exemption from tax on tread rubber in certain cases, and struck out letter designation “(b)” and subsection heading for subsec. (b) thereby designating text of former subsec. (b) as entire text of section.

1976—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

1956—Subsec. (c). Act June 29, 1956, added subsec. (c).

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to sales in calendar years beginning more than 30 days after Oct. 22, 2004, see section 869(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4071 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act June 29, 1956, effective July 1, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

PART III—PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

Subpart
A.
Motor and aviation fuels.
B.
Special provisions applicable to fuels tax.

        

Amendments

2004—Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(2)(R), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1614, amended analysis generally, substituting items for subparts A “Motor and aviation fuels” and B “Special provisions applicable to fuels tax” for former items for subparts A “Gasoline and diesel fuel”, B “Aviation fuel”, and C “Special provisions applicable to petroleum products”.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(d)(43), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 528, substituted “Gasoline and diesel fuel” for “Gasoline” in item for subpart A and “Aviation fuel” for “Diesel fuel and aviation fuel” in item for subpart B.

1987—Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(d)(18), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–445, added item relating to subpart B.

1983—Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(b)(13), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2182, struck out the item for subpart B “Lubricating oil”.

Subpart A—Motor and Aviation Fuels

Sec.
4081.
Imposition of tax.
4082.
Exemptions for diesel fuel and kerosene.
4083.
Definitions; special rule; administrative authority.
4084.
Cross references.

        

Amendments

2004—Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(2)(S), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1614, substituted “Motor and Aviation Fuels” for “Gasoline and Diesel Fuel” in subpart heading.

1997—Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1032(e)(3)(B), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 935, inserted “and kerosene” after “diesel fuel” in item 4082.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 514, substituted “Gasoline and Diesel Fuel” for “Gasoline” in subpart heading and amended section analysis generally, substituting “Exemptions for diesel fuel” for “Definitions” in item 4082 and “Definitions; special rule; administrative authority” for “Cross references” in item 4083 and adding item 4084.

1986—Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, §1703(a), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2774, struck out item 4083 “Exemption of sales to producer” and redesignated former item 4084 as 4083.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §208(e)(2), 70 Stat. 397, substituted “Cross references” for “Relief of farmers from tax in case of gasoline used on the farm” in item 4084.

Act Apr. 2, 1956, ch. 160, §4(a)(2), 70 Stat. 90, added item 4084.

§4081. Imposition of tax

(a) Tax imposed

(1) Tax on removal, entry, or sale

(A) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax at the rate specified in paragraph (2) on—

(i) the removal of a taxable fuel from any refinery,

(ii) the removal of a taxable fuel from any terminal,

(iii) the entry into the United States of any taxable fuel for consumption, use, or warehousing, and

(iv) the sale of a taxable fuel to any person who is not registered under section 4101 unless there was a prior taxable removal or entry of such fuel under clause (i), (ii), or (iii).

(B) Exemption for bulk transfers to registered terminals or refineries

(i) In general

The tax imposed by this paragraph shall not apply to any removal or entry of a taxable fuel transferred in bulk by pipeline or vessel to a terminal or refinery if the person removing or entering the taxable fuel, the operator of such pipeline or vessel (except as provided in clause (ii)), and the operator of such terminal or refinery are registered under section 4101.

(ii) Nonapplication of registration to vessel operators entering by deep-draft vessel

For purposes of clause (i), a vessel operator is not required to be registered with respect to the entry of a taxable fuel transferred in bulk by a vessel described in section 4042(c)(1).

(2) Rates of tax

(A) In general

The rate of the tax imposed by this section is—

(i) in the case of gasoline other than aviation gasoline, 18.3 cents per gallon,

(ii) in the case of aviation gasoline, 19.3 cents per gallon, and

(iii) in the case of diesel fuel or kerosene, 24.3 cents per gallon.

(B) Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund tax

The rates of tax specified in subparagraph (A) shall each be increased by 0.1 cent per gallon. The increase in tax under this subparagraph shall in this title be referred to as the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate.

(C) Taxes imposed on fuel used in aviation

In the case of kerosene which is removed from any refinery or terminal directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in aviation, the rate of tax under subparagraph (A)(iii) shall be—

(i) in the case of use for commercial aviation by a person registered for such use under section 4101, 4.3 cents per gallon, and

(ii) in the case of use for aviation not described in clause (i), 21.8 cents per gallon.

(D) Diesel-water fuel emulsion

In the case of diesel-water fuel emulsion at least 14 percent of which is water and with respect to which the emulsion additive is registered by a United States manufacturer with the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to section 211 of the Clean Air Act (as in effect on March 31, 2003), subparagraph (A)(iii) shall be applied by substituting “19.7 cents” for “24.3 cents”. The preceding sentence shall not apply to the removal, sale, or use of diesel-water fuel emulsion unless the person so removing, selling, or using such fuel is registered under section 4101.

(3) Certain refueler trucks, tankers, and tank wagons treated as terminal

(A) In general

For purposes of paragraph (2)(C), a refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon shall be treated as part of a terminal if—

(i) such terminal is located within an airport,

(ii) any kerosene which is loaded in such truck, tanker, or wagon at such terminal is for delivery only into aircraft at the airport in which such terminal is located,

(iii) such truck, tanker, or wagon meets the requirements of subparagraph (B) with respect to such terminal, and

(iv) except in the case of exigent circumstances identified by the Secretary in regulations, no vehicle registered for highway use is loaded with kerosene at such terminal.

(B) Requirements

A refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon meets the requirements of this subparagraph with respect to a terminal if such truck, tanker, or wagon—

(i) has storage tanks, hose, and coupling equipment designed and used for the purposes of fueling aircraft,

(ii) is not registered for highway use, and

(iii) is operated by—

(I) the terminal operator of such terminal, or

(II) a person that makes a daily accounting to such terminal operator of each delivery of fuel from such truck, tanker, or wagon.

(C) Reporting

The Secretary shall require under section 4101(d) reporting by such terminal operator of—

(i) any information obtained under subparagraph (B)(iii)(II), and

(ii) any similar information maintained by such terminal operator with respect to deliveries of fuel made by trucks, tankers, or wagons operated by such terminal operator.

(D) Applicable rate

For purposes of paragraph (2)(C), in the case of any kerosene treated as removed from a terminal by reason of this paragraph—

(i) the rate of tax specified in paragraph (2)(C)(i) in the case of use described in such paragraph shall apply if such terminal is located within a secured area of an airport, and

(ii) the rate of tax specified in paragraph (2)(C)(ii) shall apply in all other cases.

(4) Liability for tax on kerosene used in commercial aviation

For purposes of paragraph (2)(C)(i), the person who uses the fuel for commercial aviation shall pay the tax imposed under such paragraph. For purposes of the preceding sentence, fuel shall be treated as used when such fuel is removed into the fuel tank.

(b) Treatment of removal or subsequent sale by blender

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax at the rate determined under subsection (a) on taxable fuel removed or sold by the blender thereof.

(2) Credit for tax previously paid

If—

(A) tax is imposed on the removal or sale of a taxable fuel by reason of paragraph (1), and

(B) the blender establishes the amount of the tax paid with respect to such fuel by reason of subsection (a),


the amount of the tax so paid shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by reason of paragraph (1).

(c) Later separation of fuel from diesel-water fuel emulsion

If any person separates the taxable fuel from a diesel-water fuel emulsion on which tax was imposed under subsection (a) at a rate determined under subsection (a)(2)(D) (or with respect to which a credit or payment was allowed or made by reason of section 6427), such person shall be treated as the refiner of such taxable fuel. The amount of tax imposed on any removal of such fuel by such person shall be reduced by the amount of tax imposed (and not credited or refunded) on any prior removal or entry of such fuel.

(d) Termination

(1) In general

The rates of tax specified in clauses (i) and (iii) of subsection (a)(2)(A) shall be 4.3 cents per gallon after March 31, 2012.

(2) Aviation fuels

The rates of tax specified in subsection (a)(2)(A)(ii) and (a)(2)(C)(ii) shall be 4.3 cents per gallon—

(A) after December 31, 1996, and before the date which is 7 days after the date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, and

(B) after January 31, 2012.

(3) Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate

The Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under subsection (a)(2) shall apply after September 30, 1997, and before April 1, 2012.

(e) Refunds in certain cases

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, if any person who paid the tax imposed by this section with respect to any taxable fuel establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary that a prior tax was paid (and not credited or refunded) with respect to such taxable fuel, then an amount equal to the tax paid by such person shall be allowed as a refund (without interest) to such person in the same manner as if it were an overpayment of tax imposed by this section.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 483; Mar. 30, 1955, ch. 18, §3(a)(3), 69 Stat. 14; Mar. 29, 1956, ch. 115, §3(a)(3), 70 Stat. 66; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §205, 70 Stat. 389; Pub. L. 86–342, title II, §201(a), Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 613; Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §201(b)–(d), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 123, 124; Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(6), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1744; Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(6), May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 456; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(5), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2756; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §221(a)(1), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3185; Pub. L. 96–223, title II, §232(a)(1), (b)(3)(A), (d)(3), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 273, 276, 277; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§511(a)(1), (d)(1), 516(a)(3), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2169, 2171, 2182; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §732(a)(1), (2), title IX, §912(b), (f), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 976, 977, 1007; Pub. L. 99–499, title V, §521(a)(1), Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1774; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, §1703(a), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2774; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §502(a)(4), (c)(2), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 256, 257; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(d)(2), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–444; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1017(c)(1), (14), title II, §2001(d)(5), title VI, §6104(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3575, 3577, 3595, 3711; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §§11211(a)(1)–(3), (5)(A)–(C), (c)(3), (e)(3), 11212(a), (d)(1), (e)(2), 11215(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–423, 1388–424, 1388–426, 1388–427, 1388–430, 1388–432, 1388–436; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(a)(3), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 102–486, title XIX, §1920(a), (b), Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3026; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §§13241(a), 13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 510, 514; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1609(a)(2), (g)(1), (2), (4)(B), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1841–1843; Pub. L. 105–2, §2(a)(2), Feb. 28, 1997, 111 Stat. 4; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §§1031(a)(2), 1032(b), 1033, Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 929, 933, 937; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §§9002(a)(1)(F), 9003(a)(1)(C), (b)(2)(B), (C), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499, 502, 503; Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §301(c)(7), title VIII, §§853(a)(1)–(3)(A), (4), 860(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1461, 1609–1611, 1618; Pub. L. 109–6, §1(a), Mar. 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 20; Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §§1343(a), (b)(2), 1362(a), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1051, 1052, 1059; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §§11101(a)(1)(F), 11151(b)(1), (2), 11161(a)(1)–(4)(D), 11166(b)(1), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1944, 1968–1970, 1976; Pub. L. 110–161, div. K, title I, §116(a), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2381; Pub. L. 110–190, §2(a), Feb. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 643; Pub. L. 110–253, §2(a), June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2417; Pub. L. 110–330, §2(a), Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3717; Pub. L. 111–12, §2(a), Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1457; Pub. L. 111–69, §2(a), Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2054; Pub. L. 111–116, §2(a), Dec. 16, 2009, 123 Stat. 3031; Pub. L. 111–153, §2(a), Mar. 31, 2010, 124 Stat. 1084; Pub. L. 111–161, §2(a), Apr. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1126; Pub. L. 111–197, §2(a), July 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 1353; Pub. L. 111–216, title I, §101(a), Aug. 1, 2010, 124 Stat. 2349; Pub. L. 111–249, §2(a), Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2627; Pub. L. 111–329, §2(a), Dec. 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 3566; Pub. L. 112–7, §2(a), Mar. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 31; Pub. L. 112–16, §2(a), May 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 218; Pub. L. 112–21, §2(a), June 29, 2011, 125 Stat. 233; Pub. L. 112–27, §2(a), Aug. 5, 2011, 125 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(a)(1)(C), (2)(D), title II, §202(a), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356, 357.)

References in Text

Section 211 of the Clean Air Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(D), is classified to section 7545 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

The date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, referred to in subsec. (d)(2)(A), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 105–2, which was approved Feb. 28, 1997.

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 112–30, §142(a)(1)(C), substituted “March 31, 2012” for “September 30, 2011”.

Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 112–30, §202(a), substituted “January 31, 2012” for “September 16, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–27 substituted “September 16, 2011” for “July 22, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–21 substituted “July 22, 2011” for “June 30, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–16 substituted “June 30, 2011” for “May 31, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–7 substituted “May 31, 2011” for “March 31, 2011”.

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 112–30, §142(a)(2)(D), substituted “April 1, 2012” for “October 1, 2011”.

2010—Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 111–329 substituted “March 31, 2011” for “December 31, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–249 substituted “December 31, 2010” for “September 30, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–216 substituted “September 30, 2010” for “August 1, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–197 substituted “August 1, 2010” for “July 3, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–161 substituted “July 3, 2010” for “April 30, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–153 substituted “April 30, 2010” for “March 31, 2010”.

2009—Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 111–116 substituted “March 31, 2010” for “December 31, 2009”.

Pub. L. 111–69 substituted “December 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2009”.

Pub. L. 111–12 substituted “September 30, 2009” for “March 31, 2009”.

2008—Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 110–330 substituted “March 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2008”.

Pub. L. 110–253 substituted “September 30, 2008” for “June 30, 2008”.

Pub. L. 110–190 substituted “June 30, 2008” for “February 29, 2008”.

2007—Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 110–161 substituted “February 29, 2008” for “September 30, 2007”.

2005—Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 109–59, §11166(b)(1), reenacted heading without change and amended text of subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The tax imposed by this paragraph shall not apply to any removal or entry of a taxable fuel transferred in bulk by pipeline or vessel to a terminal or refinery if the person removing or entering the taxable fuel, the operator of such pipeline or vessel, and the operator of such terminal or refinery are registered under section 4101.”

Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(ii) to (iv). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(1), inserted “and” at end of cl. (ii), substituted a period for “, and” at end of cl. (iii), and struck out cl. (iv) which read as follows: “in the case of aviation-grade kerosene, 21.8 cents per gallon.”

Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(2), amended heading and text of subpar. (C) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “In the case of aviation-grade kerosene which is removed from any refinery or terminal directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in commercial aviation by a person registered for such use under section 4101, the rate of tax under subparagraph (A)(iv) shall be 4.3 cents per gallon.”

Pub. L. 109–59, §11151(b)(1), substituted “for use in commercial aviation by a person registered for such use under section 4101” for “for use in commercial aviation”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(D). Pub. L. 109–58, §1343(a), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (a)(3)(A)(i). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(3)(A), struck out “a secured area of” before “an airport”.

Subsec. (a)(3)(A)(ii), (iv). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(4)(A), struck out “aviation-grade” before “kerosene”.

Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(3)(B), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(4)(B), (C), struck out “aviation-grade” before “kerosene” in heading and substituted “paragraph (2)(C)(i)” for “paragraph (2)(C)” in text.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–58, §1343(b)(2), added subsec. (c).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, §11101(a)(1)(F), substituted “2011” for “2005”.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(4)(D), reenacted par. heading without change and amended text of introductory provisions generally. Prior to amendment, introductory provisions read as follows: “The rates of tax specified in clauses (ii) and (iv) of subsection (a)(2)(A) shall be 4.3 cents per gallon—”.

Pub. L. 109–59, §11151(b)(2), amended par. heading and text of introductory provisions generally. Prior to amendment, introductory provisions read as follows: “The rate of tax specified in subsection (a)(2)(A)(ii) shall be 4.3 cents per gallon—”.

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 109–58, §1362(a), substituted “2011” for “2005”.

Pub. L. 109–6 substituted “October 1, 2005” for “April 1, 2005”.

2004—Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 108–357, §860(a), inserted “by pipeline or vessel” after “transferred in bulk” and “, the operator of such pipeline or vessel,” after “the taxable fuel”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(1), added cl. (iv).

Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(2), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(3)(A), added par. (3).

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(4), added par. (4).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §301(c)(7), struck out subsec. (c) which related to taxation of taxable fuels mixed with alcohol.

1998—Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(b)(2)(B), amended heading and text of subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The alcohol mixture rate for a qualified alcohol mixture which contains gasoline is the excess of the rate which would (but for this paragraph) be determined under subsection (a) over—

“(i) 5.4 cents per gallon for 10 percent gasohol,

“(ii) 4.158 cents per gallon for 7.7 percent gasohol, and

“(iii) 3.078 cents per gallon for 5.7 percent gasohol.

In the case of a mixture none of the alcohol in which consists of ethanol, clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) shall be applied by substituting ‘6 cents’ for ‘5.4 cents’, ‘4.62 cents’ for ‘4.158 cents’, and ‘3.42 cents’ for ‘3.078 cents’.”

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(b)(2)(C), substituted “the applicable blender rate (as defined in section 4041(b)(2)(C))” for “5.4 cents”.

Subsec. (c)(8). Pub. L. 105–178, §9003(a)(1)(C), substituted “2007” for “2000”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 105–178, §9002(a)(1)(F), substituted “2005” for “1999”.

1997—Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(b), inserted “or kerosene” after “diesel fuel”.

Subsec. (d)(1), (2). Pub. L. 105–2 added pars. (1) and (2) and struck out former pars. (1) and (2) which read as follows:

“(1) In general.—On and after October 1, 1999, the rates of tax specified in clauses (i) and (iii) of subsection (a)(2)(A) (other than the tax on aviation gasoline) shall be 4.3 cents per gallon.

“(2) Aviation gasoline.—On and after January 1, 1997, the rate specified in subsection (a)(2)(A)(ii) shall be 4.3 cents per gallon.”

Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(a)(2), substituted “September 30, 2007” for “September 30, 1997”.

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 105–34, §1033, substituted “shall apply after September 30, 1997, and before April 1, 2005” for “shall not apply after December 31, 1995”.

Pub. L. 105–2 struck out heading and text of par. (3) relating to aviation gasoline. Text read as follows: “After December 31, 1996, the rate of tax specified in subsection (a)(2)(A)(i) on aviation gasoline shall be 4.3 cents per gallon.”

1996—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(g)(1), added cls. (i) and (ii), redesignated former cl. (ii) as (iii), and struck out former cl. (i) which read as follows: “in the case of gasoline, 18.3 cents per gallon, and”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(a)(2)(B), (g)(4)(B), substituted “the rates of tax specified in clauses (i) and (iii) of subsection (a)(2)(A) (other than the tax on aviation gasoline)” for “each rate of tax specified in subsection (a)(2)(A)”.

Subsec. (d)(2), (3). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(a)(2)(A), (g)(2), added par. (3) relating to aviation gasoline, redesignated former par. (2), relating to leaking underground storage tank trust fund financing rate, as another par. (3), and added new par. (2) relating to aviation gasoline.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66, §13242(a), amended section generally, substituting, in subsec. (a), provisions imposing tax on taxable fuels for provisions imposing tax on gasoline, in subsec. (b), provisions relating to treatment of removal or subsequent sale of taxable fuels by blender for provisions relating to treatment of removal or subsequent sale of gasoline by blender or compounder, in subsec. (c), provisions relating to taxable fuels mixed with alcohol for provisions relating to gasoline mixed with alcohol at refinery etc., in subsec. (d), provisions decreasing tax rate imposed on taxable fuels to 4.3 cents per gallon beginning on and after Oct. 1, 1999, for provisions terminating the Highway Trust Fund financing and deficit reduction rates on and after Oct. 1, 1999, and Oct. 1, 1995, respectively, and, in subsec. (e), “taxable fuel” for “gasoline” in two places.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 103–66, §13241(a), amended cl. (iii) generally, substituting “6.8 cents per gallon” for “2.5 cents a gallon”.

1992—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 102–486, §1920(a), amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: “Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting rates which are 10/9th of the otherwise applicable rates in the case of the removal or sale of any gasoline for use in producing gasohol at the time of such removal or sale. Subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe (including the application of section 4101), the treatment under the preceding sentence also shall apply to use in producing gasohol after the time of such removal or sale. For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘gasohol’ means any mixture of gasoline if at least 10 percent of such mixture is alcohol. For purposes of this subsection, in the case of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate, the otherwise applicable rate is 6.1 cents a gallon.”

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 102–486, §1920(b)(1), substituted “an otherwise applicable rate” for “6.1 cents a gallon”.

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 102–486, §1920(b)(2), substituted heading for one which read: “Lower rate on gasohol made other than from ethanol”, added text, and struck out former text which read as follows: “In the case of gasohol none of the alcohol in which consists of ethanol, paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be applied by substituting ‘5.5 cents’ for ‘6.1 cents’.”

1991—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 102–240 substituted “1999” for “1995”.

1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, §11212(a), substituted heading for one which read: “In general” and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed a tax at the rate specified in paragraph (2) on the earlier of—

“(A) the removal, or

“(B) the sale,

of gasoline by the refiner or importer thereof or the terminal operator.”

Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(1), added cl. (iii).

Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(2)(A), substituted “11.5 cents” for “9 cents”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(2)(B), (C), added cl. (iii).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–508, §11212(e)(2), struck out par. (3) which read as follows: “For purposes of paragraph (1), the bulk transfer of gasoline to a terminal operator by a refiner or importer shall not be considered a removal or sale of gasoline by such refiner or importer.”

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(5)(A), substituted “applied by substituting rates which are 10/9th of the otherwise applicable rates” for “applied by substituting ‘31/3 cents’ for ‘9 cents’ and by substituting ‘1/9 cent’ for ‘0.1 cent’ ” and inserted “For purposes of this subsection, in the case of the Highway Trust Fund financing rate, the otherwise applicable rate is 6.1 cents a gallon.”

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(5)(B), which directed the substitution of “at a Highway Trust Fund financing rate equivalent to 6.1 cents” for “at a rate equivalent to 3 cents”, was executed by making the substitution for “at a Highway Trust Fund financing rate equivalent to 3 cents” to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See 1986 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(5)(C), added par. (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(e)(3), substituted “2000” for “1993”.

Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(5)(C), redesignated par. (4) as (5).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(c)(3), substituted “1995” for “1993”.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 101–508, §11215(a), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows:

“(A) In general.—The Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under subsection (a)(2) shall not apply after the earlier of—

“(i) December 31, 1991, or

“(ii) the last day of the termination month.

“(B) Termination month.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the termination month is the 1st month as of the close of which the Secretary estimates that the net revenues are at least $500,000,000 from taxes imposed by section 4041(d) and taxes attributable to Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate imposed under this section and sections 4042 and 4091.

“(C) Net revenues.—For purposes of subparagraph (B), the term ‘net revenues’ means the excess of gross revenues over amounts payable by reason of section 9508(c)(2) (relating to transfer from Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund for certain repayments and credits).”

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(a)(3), added par. (3).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–508, §11212(d)(1), added subsec. (e).

1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(1)(A), added pars. (1) and (2), struck out former par. (1) which imposed a tax at the rate specified in subsec. (d) on the earlier of the removal, or the sale of gasoline by the refiner or importer thereof or the terminal operator, and redesignated former par. (2) as (3).

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(1)(B), substituted “subsection (a)” for “subsection (d)”.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 100–647, §6104(a), inserted after first sentence “Subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe (including the application of section 4101), the treatment under the preceding sentence also shall apply to use in producing gasohol after the time of such removal or sale.”

Pub. L. 100–647, §2001(d)(5)(A), inserted “and by substituting ‘1/9 cent’ for ‘0.1 cent’ ” before “in the case of the removal”.

Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(14), substituted “31/3 cents” for “3 cents”.

Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(1)(B), substituted “subsection (a)” for “subsection (d)”.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 100–647, §2001(d)(5)(B), substituted “reduced by the amount of tax imposed (and not credited or refunded) on any prior removal or sale of such fuel” for “52/3 cents a gallon”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(1)(D), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which related to the rate of tax.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(1)(C)(i), substituted “subsection (a)(2)” for “subsection (d)(2)(A)”.

Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(1)(C)(ii), substituted “subsection (a)(2)” for “subsection (d)(2)(B)”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–647, §1017(c)(1)(D), redesignated subsec. (e) as (d).

1987—Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(c)(2), substituted “September 30, 1993” for “December 31, 1992”.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(a)(4), substituted “1993” for “1988”.

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 100–203 substituted “net revenues are at least $500,000,000 from taxes imposed by section 4041(d) and taxes attributable to Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate imposed under this section and sections 4042 and 4091.” for “net revenues from the taxes imposed by this section (to the extent attributable to the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under subsection (d)(2)(B)), section 4041(d), and section 4042 (to the extent attributable to the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under section 4042(b)) are at least $500,000,000.”

1986—Pub. L. 99–514 amended section generally, substituting provisions imposing a tax on the removal or sale of gasoline by the refiner, importer, blender, or compounder thereof or the terminal operator for provisions imposing a tax on gasoline sold by the producer or importer thereof, or by any producer of gasoline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(B)(i), substituted “at the rate specified in subsection (d)” for “of 9 cents a gallon” in par. (1) as amended by Pub. L. 99–514.

Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(A)(i), amended subsec. (a), as in effect the day before Oct. 22, 1986, generally, substituting “at the rate specified in subsection (b)” for “of 9 cents a gallon”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(B)(i), substituted “at the rate specified in subsection (d)” for “of 9 cents a gallon” in par. (1) as amended by Pub. L. 99–514.

Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(A)(i), amended subsec. (b), as in effect the day before Oct. 22, 1986, generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b), termination, read as follows: “On and after October 1, 1988, the taxes imposed by this section shall not apply.”

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(B)(iii)(I), substituted “subsection (d)” for “subsection (a)” in par. (1) as amended by Pub. L. 99–514.

Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(A)(iii), substituted “subsection (b)” for “subsection (a)” in introductory provisions as in effect the day before Oct. 22, 1986.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(B)(iii)(II), substituted “a Highway Trust Fund financing rate” for “a rate” in par. (2) as amended by Pub. L. 99–514.

Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(A)(iii)(II), substituted “a Highway Trust Fund financing rate” for “a rate” in par. (2) as in effect the day before Oct. 22, 1986.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(B)(ii), added subsec. (d) to this section as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, and struck out former subsec. (d), termination, which read as follows: “On and after October 1, 1988, the taxes imposed by this section shall not apply.”

Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(A)(i), in amending this section as in effect the day before Oct. 22, 1986, added subsec. (d).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–499, §521(a)(1)(B)(ii), added subsec. (e) to this section as amended by Pub. L. 99–514.

1984—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §912(b)(A), (B), substituted “3 cents” for “4 cents” in subpar. (A), and “31/3 cents” for “44/9 cents” in subpar. (B).

Pub. L. 98–369, §732(a)(1), struck out “by substituting ‘4 cents’ for ‘9 cents’ in the case of the sale of any gasoline” after “shall be applied” in text preceding subpar. (A), substituted “by substituting ‘4 cents’ for ‘9 cents’ in the case of the sale of any gasohol (the gasoline in which was not taxed under subparagraph (B)), and” for “in a mixture with alcohol, if at least 10 percent of the mixture is alcohol, or” in subpar. (A), substituted “by substituting ‘44/9 cents’ for ‘9 cents’ in the case of the sale of any gasoline for use in producing gasohol” for “for use in producing a mixture at least 10 percent of which is alcohol” in subpar. (B) and inserted definition of “gasohol” after subpar. (B).

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 98–369, §912(b)(A), (C), substituted “3 cents” for “4 cents” and “52/3 cents” for “45/9 cents”.

Pub. L. 98–369, §732(a)(2), substituted “at a rate equivalent to 4 cents a gallon” for “at a rate of 4 cents a gallon”, and “45/9 cents a gallon” for “5 cents a gallon”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 98–369, §912(f), substituted “coal (including peat)” for “coal”.

1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–424, §511(a)(1), increased tax from 4 to 9 cents a gallon.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(a)(3), substituted provision that, on and after Oct. 1, 1988, the taxes imposed by this section shall not apply, for provision that, on and after Oct. 1, 1984, the tax imposed by this section would be 1½ cents a gallon.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 97–424, §511(d)(1)(A), substituted “subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting ‘4 cents’ for ‘9 cents’ in the case of the sale of any gasoline” for “no tax shall be imposed by this section on the sale of any gasoline” after “Secretary,”.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 97–424, §511(d)(1)(B), substituted “tax was imposed under subsection (a) at the rate of 4 cents a gallon by reason of this subsection” for “tax was not imposed by reason of this subsection” after “alcohol on which”, and inserted provision that the amount of tax imposed on any sale of such gasoline by such person shall be 5 cents a gallon.

1980—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 96–223, §232(d)(3), inserted “(or with respect to which a credit or payment was allowed or made by reason of section 6427(f)(1))” after “this subsection”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 96–223, §232(b)(3)(A), inserted provision that “alcohol” does not include alcohol with a proof of less than 190 (determined without regard to any added denaturants).

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 96–223, §232(a)(1), added par. (4).

1978—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–599 substituted “1984” for “1979”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–618 added subsec. (c).

1976—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–280 substituted “1979” for “1977”.

1970—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–605 substituted “1977” for “1972”.

1961—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–61, §201(b), increased tax from 3 to 4 cents a gallon.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87–61, §201(c), substituted “October 1, 1972” for “July 1, 1972.”

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–61, §201(d), repealed subsec. (c) which authorized a temporary increase in tax for the period October 1, 1959, to July 1, 1961.

1959—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 86–342 added subsec. (c).

1956—Act Mar. 29, 1956, substituted “April 1, 1957” for “April 1, 1956”.

Subsec. (a). Act June 29, 1956, redesignated first sentence as subsec. (a) and increased tax from 2 to 3 cents a gallon.

Subsec. (b). Act June 29, 1956, redesignated second sentence as subsec. (b) and substituted “July 1, 1972” for “April 1, 1956”.

1955—Act Mar. 30, 1955, substituted “April 1, 1956” for “April 1, 1955”.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by section 142(a)(1)(C), (2)(D) of Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.

Pub. L. 112–30, title II, §202(c), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 357, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on September 17, 2011.”

Pub. L. 112–27, §2(c), Aug. 5, 2011, 125 Stat. 270, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on July 23, 2011.”

Pub. L. 112–21, §2(c), June 29, 2011, 125 Stat. 233, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 2011.”

Pub. L. 112–16, §2(c), May 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 218, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on June 1, 2011.”

Pub. L. 112–7, §2(c), Mar. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 31, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on April 1, 2011.”

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–329, §2(c), Dec. 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 3566, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 2011.”

Pub. L. 111–249, §2(c), Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2627, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–216, title I, §101(c), Aug. 1, 2010, 124 Stat. 2349, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on August 2, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–197, §2(c), July 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 1353, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on July 4, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–161, §2(c), Apr. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1126, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on May 1, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–153, §2(c), Mar. 31, 2010, 124 Stat. 1084, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on April 1, 2010.”

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–116, §2(c), Dec. 16, 2009, 123 Stat. 3031, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–69, §2(c), Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2054, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 2009.”

Pub. L. 111–12, §2(c), Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1457, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on April 1, 2009.”

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–330, §2(c), Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3717, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 2008.”

Pub. L. 110–253, §2(c), June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2417, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 2008.”

Pub. L. 110–190, §2(c), Feb. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 643, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261 and 4271 of this title] shall take effect on March 1, 2008.”

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–161, div. K, title I, §116(d), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2382, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4261, 4271, and 9502 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 2007.”

Effective Date of 2005 Amendments

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11151(f)(1), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1969, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and sections 6421 and 6427 of this title] shall take effect as if included in the provisions of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 [Pub. L. 108–357] to which they relate.”

Amendment by section 11161(a)(1)–(4)(D) of Pub. L. 109–59 applicable to fuels or liquids removed, entered, or sold after Sept. 30, 2005, see section 11161(e) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11166(b)(2), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1977, provided that: “The amendment made by this subsection [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005].”

Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1343(c), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1052, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 6427 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 2006.”

Amendment by section 1362(a) of Pub. L. 109–58 effective Oct. 1, 2005, see section 1362(d)(1) of Pub. L. 109–58, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 109–6, §1(b), Mar. 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 20, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 31, 2005].”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by section 301(c)(7) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to fuel sold or used after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 301(d)(1) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Amendment by section 853(a)(1)–(3)(A), (4) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 853(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §860(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1618, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on March 1, 2005.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by section 9003(b)(2)(B), (C), of Pub. L. 105–178 effective Jan. 1, 2001, see section 9003(b)(3) of Pub. L. 105–178, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendments

Amendment by section 1031(a)(2) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective Oct. 1, 1997, see section 1031(e)(1) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by section 1032(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective July 1, 1998, see section 1032(f)(1) of Pub. L. 105–34, as amended, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–2 applicable to periods beginning on or after the 7th day after Feb. 28, 1997, see section 2(e)(1) of Pub. L. 105–2, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188 effective on 7th calendar day after Aug. 20, 1996, see section 1609(i) of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by section 13241(a) of Pub. L. 103–66 effective Oct. 1, 1993, see section 13241(g) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by section 13242(a) of Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1994, see section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Section 1920(c) of Pub. L. 102–486 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to gasoline removed (as defined in [former] section 4082 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) or entered after December 31, 1992.”

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 11211(a)(1)–(3), (5)(A)–(C) of Pub. L. 101–508 applicable, except as otherwise provided, to gasoline removed (as defined in [former] section 4082 of this title) after Nov. 30, 1990, see section 11211(a)(6) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Section 11212(f) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that:

“(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [enacting section 4103 of this title and amending this section and sections 4093, 4101, 4222, 6103, 6416, and 6724 of this title] shall take effect on July 1, 1991.

“(2) Registration, etc.—The amendments made by subsections (b), (c), and (e) (other than paragraph (2) thereof) [enacting section 4103 of this title and amending sections 4093, 4101, 4222, 6103, and 6724 of this title] shall take effect on December 1, 1990.”

Section 11215(b) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on December 1, 1990.”

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 1017(c)(1), (14) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Amendment by section 2001(d)(5) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Superfund Revenue Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–499, title V, to which it relates, see section 2001(e) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 56 of this title.

Section 6104(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1989.”

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–203 applicable to sales after Mar. 31, 1988, see section 10502(e) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendments

Section 1703(h) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 34, 4082, 4083, 4101, 4221, 6421, 6427, 7210, 7603 to 7605, 7609, and 7610 of this title and omitting section 4084 of this title] shall apply to gasoline removed (as defined in section 4082 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended by this section) after December 31, 1987.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–499 effective Jan. 1, 1987, see section 521(e) of Pub. L. 99–499, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by section 732(a)(1), (2) of Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Amendment by section 912(b), (f) of Pub. L. 98–369 effective Jan. 1, 1985, see section 912(g) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by section 511(a)(1), (d)(1) of Pub. L. 97–424 effective Apr. 1, 1983, see section 511(h)(1) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by section 232(b)(3)(A) of Pub. L. 96–223 applicable to sales or uses after Sept. 30, 1980, in taxable years ending after such date, see section 232(h)(1) of Pub. L. 96–223, set out as an Effective Date note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Section 221(a)(2) of Pub. L. 95–618, as amended by Pub. L. 96–223, title II, §232(a)(3), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 273, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply to sales after December 31, 1978.”

Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–61 effective July 1, 1961, see section 208 of Pub. L. 87–61, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act June 29, 1956, effective July 1, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

List of Airports With Secured Terminals

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(a)(3)(B), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1610, provided that: “Not later than December 15, 2004, the Secretary of the Treasury shall publish and maintain a list of airports which include a secured area in which a terminal is located (within the meaning of section 4081(a)(3)(A)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by this paragraph).”

Delayed Deposits of Highway Motor Fuel Tax Revenues

Due date for deposit of taxes imposed by this section which would be required to be made after July 31, 1998, and before Oct. 1, 1998, to be Oct. 5, 1998, see section 901(e) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 6302 of this title.

Delayed Deposits of Airport Trust Fund Tax Revenues

Due date for deposit of taxes imposed by subsec. (a)(2)(A)(ii) of this section which would be required to be made after July 31, 1998, and before Oct. 1, 1998, to be Oct. 5, 1998, see section 1031(g) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 6302 of this title.

Motor Fuel Tax Enforcement Advisory Commission

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11141, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1959, provided that:

“(a) Establishment.—There is established a Motor Fuel Tax Enforcement Advisory Commission (in this section referred to as the ‘Commission’).

“(b) Function.—The Commission shall—

“(1) review motor fuel revenue collections, historical and current;

“(2) review the progress of investigations with respect to motor fuel taxes;

“(3) develop and review legislative proposals with respect to motor fuel taxes;

“(4) monitor the progress of administrative regulation projects relating to motor fuel taxes;

“(5) review the results of Federal and State agency cooperative efforts regarding motor fuel taxes;

“(6) review the results of Federal interagency cooperative efforts regarding motor fuel taxes; and

“(7) evaluate and make recommendations to the President and Congress regarding—

“(A) the effectiveness of existing Federal enforcement programs regarding motor fuel taxes,

“(B) enforcement personnel allocation, and

“(C) proposals for regulatory projects, legislation, and funding.

“(c) Membership.—

“(1) Appointment.—The Commission shall be composed of the following representatives appointed by the Chairmen and the Ranking Members of the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives:

“(A) At least one representative from each of the following Federal entities: the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Transportation—Office of Inspector General, the Federal Highway Administration, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Justice.

“(B) At least one representative from the Federation of State Tax Administrators.

“(C) At least one representative from any State department of transportation.

“(D) Two representatives from the highway construction industry.

“(E) Six representatives from industries relating to fuel distribution—refiners (two representatives), distributors (one representative), pipelines (one representative), and terminal operators (two representatives).

“(F) One representative from the retail fuel industry.

“(G) Two representatives from the staff of the Committee on Finance of the Senate and two representatives from the staff of the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives.

“(2) Terms.—Members shall be appointed for the life of the Commission.

“(3) Vacancies.—A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.

“(4) Travel expenses.—Members shall serve without pay but shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.

“(5) Chairman.—The Chairman of the Commission shall be elected by the members.

“(d) Funding.—Such sums as are necessary shall be available from the Highway Trust fund for the expenses of the Commission.

“(e) Consultation.—Upon request of the Commission, representatives of the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service shall be available for consultation to assist the Commission in carrying out its duties under this section.

“(f) Obtaining Data.—The Commission may secure directly from any department or agency of the United States, information (other than information required by any law to be kept confidential by such department or agency) necessary for the Commission to carry out its duties under this section. Upon request of the Commission, the head of that department or agency shall furnish such nonconfidential information to the Commission. The Commission shall also gather evidence through such means as it may deem appropriate, including through holding hearings and soliciting comments by means of Federal Register notices.

“(g) Termination.—The Commission shall terminate as of the close of September 30, 2009.”

Floor Stocks Taxes

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(f), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1614, provided that:

“(1) In general.—There is hereby imposed on aviation-grade kerosene held on January 1, 2005, by any person a tax equal to—

“(A) the tax which would have been imposed before such date on such kerosene had the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4041, 4082, 4083, 4101, 4103, 4221, 6206, 6416, 6427, 6724, 9502, and 9508 of this title, redesignating subpart C of part III of subchapter A of chapter 32 of this title as subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 32 of this title, and repealing former subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 32 of this title] been in effect at all times before such date, reduced by

“(B) the sum of—

“(i) the tax imposed before such date on such kerosene under section 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as in effect on such date, and

“(ii) in the case of kerosene held exclusively for such person's own use, the amount which such person would (but for this clause) reasonably expect (as of such date) to be paid as a refund under section 6427(l) of such Code with respect to such kerosene.

“(2) Exception for fuel held in aircraft fuel tank.—Paragraph (1) shall not apply to kerosene held in the fuel tank of an aircraft on January 1, 2005.

“(3) Liability for tax and method of payment.—

“(A) Liability for tax.—The person holding the kerosene on January 1, 2005, to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies shall be liable for such tax.

“(B) Method and time for payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid at such time and in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary's delegate) shall prescribe, including the nonapplication of such tax on de minimis amounts of kerosene.

“(4) Transfer of floor stock tax revenues to trust funds.—For purposes of determining the amount transferred to any trust fund, the tax imposed by this subsection shall be treated as imposed by section 4081 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986—

“(A) in any case in which tax was not imposed by section 4091 of such Code, at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate under such section to the extent of 0.1 cents per gallon, and

“(B) at the rate under section 4081(a)(2)(A)(iv) of such Code to the extent of the remainder.

“(5) Held by a person.—For purposes of this subsection, kerosene shall be considered as held by a person if title thereto has passed to such person (whether or not delivery to the person has been made).

“(6) Other laws applicable.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to the tax imposed by section 4081 of such Code shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection, apply with respect to the floor stock tax imposed by paragraph (1) to the same extent as if such tax were imposed by such section.”

Section 1032(g) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that:

“(1) Imposition of tax.—In the case of kerosene which is held on July 1, 1998, by any person, there is hereby imposed a floor stocks tax of 24.4 cents per gallon.

“(2) Liability for tax and method of payment.—

“(A) Liability for tax.—A person holding kerosene on July 1, 1998, to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies shall be liable for such tax.

“(B) Method of payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe.

“(C) Time for payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid on or before August 31, 1998.

“(3) Definitions.—For purposes of this subsection—

“(A) Held by a person.—Kerosene shall be considered as ‘held by a person’ if title thereto has passed to such person (whether or not delivery to the person has been made).

“(B) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.

“(4) Exception for exempt uses.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall not apply to kerosene held by any person exclusively for any use to the extent a credit or refund of the tax imposed by section 4081 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is allowable for such use.

“(5) Exception for fuel held in vehicle tank.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1) on kerosene held in the tank of a motor vehicle or motorboat.

“(6) Exception for certain amounts of fuel.—

“(A) In general.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1) on kerosene held on July 1, 1998, by any person if the aggregate amount of kerosene held by such person on such date does not exceed 2,000 gallons. The preceding sentence shall apply only if such person submits to the Secretary (at the time and in the manner required by the Secretary) such information as the Secretary shall require for purposes of this paragraph.

“(B) Exempt fuel.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), there shall not be taken into account fuel held by any person which is exempt from the tax imposed by paragraph (1) by reason of paragraph (4) or (5).

“(C) Controlled groups.—For purposes of this paragraph—

“(i) Corporations.—

“(I) In general.—All persons treated as a controlled group shall be treated as 1 person.

“(II) Controlled group.—The term ‘controlled group’ has the meaning given to such term by subsection (a) of section 1563 of such Code; except that for such purposes the phrase ‘more than 50 percent’ shall be substituted for the phrase ‘at least 80 percent’ each place it appears in such subsection.

“(ii) Nonincorporated persons under common control.—Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, principles similar to the principles of clause (i) shall apply to a group of persons under common control where 1 or more of such persons is not a corporation.

“(7) Coordination with section 4081.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1) on kerosene to the extent that tax has been (or will be) imposed on such kerosene under section 4081 or 4091 of such Code.

“(8) Other laws applicable.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to the taxes imposed by section 4081 of such Code shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection, apply with respect to the floor stock taxes imposed by paragraph (1) to the same extent as if such taxes were imposed by such section 4081.”

Section 2(d) of Pub. L. 105–2 provided that:

“(1) Imposition of tax.—In the case of any aviation liquid on which tax was imposed under section 4081 or 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 before the tax effective date and which is held on such date by any person, there is hereby imposed a floor stocks tax of—

“(A) 15 cents per gallon in the case of aviation gasoline, and

“(B) 17.5 cents per gallon in the case of aviation fuel.

“(2) Liability for tax and method of payment.—

“(A) Liability for tax.—A person holding, on the tax effective date, any aviation liquid to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies shall be liable for such tax.

“(B) Method of payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe.

“(C) Time for payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid on or before the first day of the 5th month beginning after the tax effective date.

“(3) Definitions.—For purposes of this subsection—

“(A) Tax effective date.—The term ‘tax effective date’ means the date which is 7 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 1997].

“(B) Aviation liquid.—The term ‘aviation liquid’ means aviation gasoline and aviation fuel.

“(C) Aviation gasoline.—The term ‘aviation gasoline’ has the meaning given such term in section 4081 of such Code.

“(D) Aviation fuel.—The term ‘aviation fuel’ has the meaning given such term by section 4093 of such Code.

“(E) Held by a person.—Aviation liquid shall be considered as ‘held by a person’ if title thereto has passed to such person (whether or not delivery to the person has been made).

“(F) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary's delegate.

“(4) Exception for exempt uses.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall not apply to—

“(A) aviation liquid held by any person on the tax effective date exclusively for any use for which a credit or refund of the entire tax imposed by section 4081 or 4091 of such Code (as the case may be) is allowable for such liquid purchased on or after such tax effective date for such use, or

“(B) aviation fuel held by any person on the tax effective date exclusively for any use described in section 4092(b) of such Code.

“(5) Exception for certain amounts of fuel.—

“(A) In general.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1) on any aviation liquid held on the tax effective date by any person if the aggregate amount of such liquid (determined separately for aviation gasoline and aviation fuel) held by such person on such date does not exceed 2,000 gallons. The preceding sentence shall apply only if such person submits to the Secretary (at the time and in the manner required by the Secretary) such information as the Secretary shall require for purposes of this paragraph.

“(B) Exempt fuel.—Any liquid to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) does not apply by reason of paragraph (4) shall not be taken into account under subparagraph (A).

“(C) Controlled groups.—For purposes of this paragraph—

“(i) Corporations.—

“(I) In general.—All persons treated as a controlled group shall be treated as 1 person.

“(II) Controlled group.—The term ‘controlled group’ has the meaning given such term by subsection (a) of section 1563 of such Code; except that for such purposes, the phrase ‘more than 50 percent’ shall be substituted for the phrase ‘at least 80 percent’ each place it appears in such subsection.

“(ii) Nonincorporated persons under common control.—Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, principles similar to the principles of clause (i) shall apply to a group of persons under common control where 1 or more of such persons is not a corporation.

“(6) Other laws applicable.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to the taxes imposed by section 4081 or 4091 of such Code shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection, apply with respect to the floor stocks taxes imposed by paragraph (1) to the same extent as if such taxes were imposed by such section 4081 or 4091, as the case may be.”

Section 13241(h) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that:

“(1) Imposition of tax.—In the case of gasoline, diesel fuel, and aviation fuel on which tax was imposed under section 4081 or 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 before October 1, 1993, and which is held on such date by any person, there is hereby imposed a floor stocks tax of 4.3 cents per gallon on such gasoline, diesel fuel, and aviation fuel.

“(2) Liability for tax and method of payment.—

“(A) Liability for tax.—A person holding gasoline, diesel fuel, or aviation fuel on October 1, 1993, to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies shall be liable for such tax.

“(B) Method of payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe.

“(C) Time for payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid on or before November 30, 1993.

“(3) Definitions.—For purposes of this subsection—

“(A) Held by a person.—Gasoline, diesel fuel, and aviation fuel shall be considered as ‘held by a person’ if title thereto has passed to such person (whether or not delivery to the person has been made).

“(B) Gasoline.—The term ‘gasoline’ has the meaning given such term by section 4082 [see section 4083] of such Code.

“(C) Diesel fuel.—The term ‘diesel fuel’ has the meaning given such term by section 4092 [see section 4083] of such Code.

“(D) Aviation fuel.—The term ‘aviation fuel’ has the meaning given such term by section 4092 [see section 4093] of such Code.

“(E) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.

“(4) Exception for exempt uses.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall not apply to gasoline, diesel fuel, or aviation fuel held by any person exclusively for any use to the extent a credit or refund of the tax imposed by section 4081 or 4091 of such Code, as the case may be, is allowable for such use.

“(5) Exception for fuel held in vehicle tank.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1) on gasoline or diesel fuel held in the tank of a motor vehicle or motorboat.

“(6) Exception for certain amounts of fuel.—

“(A) In general.—No tax shall be imposed by paragraph (1)—

“(i) on gasoline held on October 1, 1993, by any person if the aggregate amount of gasoline held by such person on such date does not exceed 4,000 gallons, and

“(ii) on diesel fuel or aviation fuel held on October 1, 1993, by any person if the aggregate amount of diesel fuel or aviation fuel held by such person on such date does not exceed 2,000 gallons.

The preceding sentence shall apply only if such person submits to the Secretary (at the time and in the manner required by the Secretary) such information as the Secretary shall require for purposes of this paragraph.

“(B) Exempt fuel.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), there shall not be taken into account fuel held by any person which is exempt from the tax imposed by paragraph (1) by reason of paragraph (4) or (5).

“(C) Controlled groups.—For purposes of this paragraph—

“(i) Corporations.—

“(I) In general.—All persons treated as a controlled group shall be treated as 1 person.

“(II) Controlled group.—The term ‘controlled group’ has the meaning given to such term by subsection (a) of section 1563 of such Code; except that for such purposes the phrase ‘more than 50 percent’ shall be substituted for the phrase ‘at least 80 percent’ each place it appears in such subsection.

“(ii) Nonincorporated persons under common control.—Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, principles similar to the principles of clause (i) shall apply to a group of persons under common control where 1 or more of such persons is not a corporation.

“(7) Other law applicable.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to the taxes imposed by section 4081 of such Code in the case of gasoline and section 4091 of such Code in the case of diesel fuel and aviation fuel shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection, apply with respect to the floor stock taxes imposed by paragraph (1) to the same extent as if such taxes were imposed by such section 4081 or 4091.”

Section 13243 of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that:

“(a) In General.—There is hereby imposed a floor stocks tax on diesel fuel held by any person on January 1, 1994, if—

“(1) no tax was imposed on such fuel under section 4041(a) or 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as in effect on December 31, 1993, and

“(2) tax would have been imposed by section 4081 of such Code, as amended by this Act, on any prior removal, entry, or sale of such fuel had such section 4081 applied to such fuel for periods before January 1, 1994.

“(b) Rate of Tax.—The rate of the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be the amount of tax which would be imposed under section 4081 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 if there were a taxable sale of such fuel on such date.

“(c) Liability and Payment of Tax.—

“(1) Liability for tax.—A person holding the diesel fuel on January 1, 1994, to which the tax imposed by this section applies shall be liable for such tax.

“(2) Method of payment.—The tax imposed by this section shall be paid in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe.

“(3) Time for payment.—The tax imposed by this section shall be paid on or before July 31, 1994.

“(d) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

“(1) Diesel fuel.—The term ‘diesel fuel’ has the meaning given such term by section 4083(a) of such Code.

“(2) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.

“(e) Exceptions.—

“(1) Persons entitled to credit or refund.—The tax imposed by this section shall not apply to fuel held by any person exclusively for any use to the extent a credit or refund of the tax imposed by section 4081 is allowable for such use.

“(2) Compliance with dyeing required.—Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the holder of any fuel if the holder of such fuel fails to comply with any requirement imposed by the Secretary with respect to dyeing and marking such fuel.

“(f) Other Laws Applicable.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to the taxes imposed by section 4081 of such Code shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this section, apply with respect to the floor stock taxes imposed by this section to the same extent as if such taxes were imposed by such section 4081.”

Section 11211(j) of Pub. L. 101–508 imposed a floor stocks tax on (A) gasoline and diesel fuel on which tax was imposed under section 4081 or 4091 of this title before Dec. 1, 1990, and which was held on such date by any person, or (B) diesel fuel on which no tax was imposed under section 4091 of this title at the Highway Trust Fund financing rate before Dec. 1, 1990, and which was held on such date by any person for use as fuel in a train.

Section 1703(f) of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended by Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1017(c)(13), title II, §2001(d)(4), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3577, 3595, imposed a floor stocks tax at the rate of 9.1 cents per gallon on gasoline subject to tax under section 4081 of this title which, on Jan. 1, 1988, was held by a dealer for sale, and with respect to which no tax had been imposed under such section.

Study of Evasion of Gasoline Tax

Section 1703(g) of Pub. L. 99–514 directed Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate to conduct a study of incidence of evasion of gasoline tax, with report of the study to be submitted, not later than Dec. 31, 1986, to Committee on Ways and Means of House of Representatives and Committee on Finance of Senate.

Extension of Payment Due Date for Certain Fuel Taxes

Section 518 of Pub. L. 97–424, as amended by Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §734(i), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 980; Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

“(a) 14-Day Extension.—The Secretary shall prescribe regulations which permit any qualified person whose liability for tax under section 4081 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] is payable with respect to semi-monthly periods to pay such tax on or before the day which is 14 days after the close of such semi-monthly period if such payment is made by wire transfer to, except as provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate, any Federal Reserve Bank.

“(b) Qualified Person Defined.—For purposes of this section—

“(1) In general.—The term ‘qualified person’ means—

“(A) any person other than any person whose average daily production of crude oil for the preceding calendar quarter exceeds 1,000 barrels, and

“(B) any independent refiner (within the meaning of section 4995(b)(4) of such Code).

“(2) Aggregation rules.—For purposes of paragraph (1), in determining whether any person's production exceeds 1,000 barrels per day, rules similar to the rules of section 4992(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall apply.

“(c) Special Rule Where 14th Day Falls on Saturday, Sunday, or Holiday.—If, but for this subsection, the due date under subsection (a) would fall on a Saturday, Sunday, or a holiday in the District of Columbia, such due date shall be deemed to be the immediately preceding day which is not a Saturday, Sunday, or such a holiday.”

Study by Secretary of the Treasury; Report to Congress

Study respecting portion of taxes imposed by this section is attributable to fuel used in recreational motorboats and report to Congress no later than 2 years after Oct. 14, 1980, see Pub. L. 96–451, title II, §204, Oct. 14, 1980, 94 Stat. 1988, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Expedition of Certain Ethanol Production Applications

Section 221(d) of Pub. L. 95–618 directed Secretary of the Treasury to expedite applications submitted by persons with respect to the production of ethanol for use in producing gasoline and that the Secretary develop expeditious procedures for processing such applications, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–223, §232(e)(2)(E), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 280.

§4082. Exemptions for diesel fuel and kerosene

(a) In general

The tax imposed by section 4081 shall not apply to diesel fuel and kerosene—

(1) which the Secretary determines is destined for a nontaxable use,

(2) which is indelibly dyed by mechanical injection in accordance with regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe, and

(3) which meets such marking requirements (if any) as may be prescribed by the Secretary in regulations.


Such regulations shall allow an individual choice of dye color approved by the Secretary or chosen from any list of approved dye colors that the Secretary may publish.

(b) Nontaxable use

For purposes of this section, the term “nontaxable use” means—

(1) any use which is exempt from the tax imposed by section 4041(a)(1) other than by reason of a prior imposition of tax,

(2) any use in a train, and

(3) any use described in section 4041(a)(1)(C)(iii)(II).


The term “nontaxable use” does not include the use of kerosene in an aircraft and such term shall not include any use described in section 6421(e)(2)(C).

(c) Exception to dyeing requirements

Paragraph (2) of subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to any diesel fuel and kerosene—

(1) removed, entered, or sold in a State for ultimate sale or use in an area of such State during the period such area is exempted from the fuel dyeing requirements under subsection (i) of section 211 of the Clean Air Act (as in effect on the date of the enactment of this subsection) by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under paragraph (4) of such subsection (i) (as so in effect), and

(2) the use of which is certified pursuant to regulations issued by the Secretary.

(d) Additional exceptions to dyeing requirements for kerosene

(1) Use for non-fuel feedstock purposes

Subsection (a)(2) shall not apply to kerosene—

(A) received by pipeline or vessel for use by the person receiving the kerosene in the manufacture or production of any substance (other than gasoline, diesel fuel, or special fuels referred to in section 4041), or

(B) to the extent provided in regulations, removed or entered—

(i) for such a use by the person removing or entering the kerosene, or

(ii) for resale by such person for such a use by the purchaser,


but only if the person receiving, removing, or entering the kerosene and such purchaser (if any) are registered under section 4101 with respect to the tax imposed by section 4081.

(2) Wholesale distributors

To the extent provided in regulations, subsection (a)(2) shall not apply to kerosene received by a wholesale distributor of kerosene if such distributor—

(A) is registered under section 4101 with respect to the tax imposed by section 4081 on kerosene, and

(B) sells kerosene exclusively to ultimate vendors described in section 6427(l)(5)(B) with respect to kerosene.

(e) Kerosene removed into an aircraft

In the case of kerosene which is exempt from the tax imposed by section 4041(c) (other than by reason of a prior imposition of tax) and which is removed from any refinery or terminal directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft—

(1) the rate of tax under section 4081(a)(2)(A)(iii) shall be zero, and

(2) if such aircraft is employed in foreign trade or trade between the United States and any of its possessions, the increase in such rate under section 4081(a)(2)(B) shall be zero.


For purposes of this subsection, any removal described in section 4081(a)(3)(A) shall be treated as a removal from a terminal but only if such terminal is located within a secure area of an airport.

(f) Exception for Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate

(1) In general

Subsection (a) shall not apply to the tax imposed under section 4081 at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate.

(2) Exception for export, etc.

Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to any fuel if the Secretary determines that such fuel is destined for export or for use by the purchaser as supplies for vessels (within the meaning of section 4221(d)(3)) employed in foreign trade or trade between the United States and any of its possessions.

(g) Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section, including regulations requiring the conspicuous labeling of retail diesel fuel and kerosene pumps and other delivery facilities to assure that persons are aware of which fuel is available only for nontaxable uses.

(h) Cross reference

For tax on train and certain bus uses of fuel purchased tax-free, see subsections (a)(1) and (d)(3) of section 4041.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 483; Pub. L. 86–342, title II, §201(e)(1), (2), Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 615; Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §802(a)(1), (b)(1), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 159; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(c)(6), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 242; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §§733(a), 734(c)(1), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 977, 979; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, §1703(a), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2775; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 517; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1801(a), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1891; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1032(c)(1), (2), (e)(3)(A), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 933, 935; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6010(h)(3), (4), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 815; Pub. L. 108–357, title II, §241(a)(2)(B), title VIII, §§851(d)(2), 853(a)(5), 854(a), 857(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1438, 1608, 1611, 1615, 1617; Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1362(b)(1), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1059; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11161(a)(4)(A), (E), (b)(3)(C), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1970, 1971; Pub. L. 109–432, div. A, title IV, §420(b)(2), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 2969; Pub. L. 110–172, §§6(d)(2)(B), (C), 11(a)(28), Dec. 29, 2007, 121 Stat. 2480, 2481, 2487.)

References in Text

Subsection (i) of section 211 of the Clean Air Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is classified to section 7545(i) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 104–188, which was approved Aug. 20, 1996.

Amendments

2007—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(2)(B)(i), struck out “(other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate imposed in all cases other than for export)” after “section 4081” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–172, §11(a)(28), reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “For purposes of this section, the term ‘nontaxable use’ means—

“(1) any use which is exempt from the tax imposed by section 4041(a)(1) other than by reason of a prior imposition of tax,

“(2) any use in a train, and

“(3) any use described in section 4041(a)(1)(C)(iii)(II).

The term ‘nontaxable use’ does not include the use of kerosene in an aircraft and such term shall not include any use described in section 6421(e)(2)(C).” See 2004 Amendment notes below.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(2)(C)(ii), designated last sentence as concluding provisions.

Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(2)(C)(i), substituted “an aircraft—” and pars. (1) and (2) for “an aircraft, the rate of tax under section 4081(a)(2)(A)(iii) shall be zero.”

Subsecs. (f) to (h). Pub. L. 110–172, §6(d)(2)(B)(ii), added subsec. (f) and redesignated former subsecs. (f) and (g) as (g) and (h), respectively.

2006—Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 109–432 substituted “6427(l)(5)(B)” for “6427(l)(6)(B)”.

2005—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–58 inserted “(other than such tax at the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing rate imposed in all cases other than for export)” after “section 4081” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(4)(A), struck out “aviation-grade” before “kerosene” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(b)(3)(C), substituted “section 6427(l)(6)(B)” for “section 6427(l)(5)(B)”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–59, §11161(a)(4)(E), in heading substituted “Kerosene removed into an aircraft” for “Aviation-grade kerosene” and in text struck out “aviation-grade” before “kerosene”, substituted “section 4081(a)(2)(A)(iii)” for “section 4081(a)(2)(A)(iv)”, and inserted at end “For purposes of this subsection, any removal described in section 4081(a)(3)(A) shall be treated as a removal from a terminal but only if such terminal is located within a secure area of an airport.”

2004—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 108–357, §854(a), inserted “by mechanical injection” after “indelibly dyed”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(5)(B)(i), inserted at end “The term ‘nontaxable use’ does not include the use of aviation-grade kerosene in an aircraft.”

Pub. L. 108–357, §851(d)(2), which directed amendment of subsec. (b) by inserting “and such term shall not include any use described in section 6421(e)(2)(C)” before period at end, was executed by making the insertion after amendment by Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(5)(B)(i), to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See above.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 108–357, §857(a), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “any use described in section 6427(b)(1) (after the application of section 6427(b)(3)).”

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(5)(B)(ii), redesignated pars. (2) and (3) as (1) and (2), respectively, and struck out heading and text of former par. (1). Text read as follows: “Subsection (a)(2) shall not apply to aviation-grade kerosene (as determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary) which the Secretary determines is destined for use as a fuel in an aircraft.”

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(5)(A), added subsec. (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(5)(A), redesignated subsec. (e) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(5)(A), redesignated subsec. (f) as (g).

Pub. L. 108–357, §241(a)(2)(B), which directed substitution of “subsections (a)(1) and (d)(3) of section 4041” for “section 4041(a)(1)” in subsec. (f), was executed by making the substitution in subsec. (g) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the amendment by Pub. L. 108–357, §853(a)(5)(A). See Amendment note above and Effective Date of 2004 Amendment notes below.

1998—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 105–206, §6010(h)(3), reenacted heading without change and amended text of par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Subsection (a)(2) shall not apply to a removal, entry, or sale of aviation-grade kerosene (as determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary) if the person receiving the kerosene is registered under section 4101 with respect to the tax imposed by section 4091.”

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 105–206, §6010(h)(4), substituted “kerosene received by” for “a removal, entry, or sale of kerosene to” in introductory provisions.

1997—Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(e)(3)(A), inserted “and kerosene” after “diesel fuel” in section catchline.

Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(c)(1), substituted “diesel fuel and kerosene” for “diesel fuel” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(c)(2), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(c)(1), substituted “diesel fuel and kerosene” for “diesel fuel”.

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(c)(2), redesignated subsecs. (d) and (e) as (e) and (f), respectively.

1996—Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 104–188 added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) and (d) as (d) and (e), respectively.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66 amended heading and text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

“(a) Gasoline.—For purposes of this subpart, the term ‘gasoline’ includes, to the extent prescribed in regulations—

“(1) gasoline blend stocks, and

“(2) products commonly used as additives in gasoline.

For purposes of paragraph (1), the term ‘gasoline blend stocks’ means any petroleum product component of gasoline.

“(b) Certain Uses Defined as Removal.—If a refiner, importer, terminal operator, blender, or compounder uses (other than in the production of gasoline or special fuels referred to in section 4041) gasoline refined, imported, blended, or compounded by him, such use shall for the purposes of this chapter be considered a removal.”

1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–514 amended subsec. (a) generally, substituting definitions of “gasoline” and “gasoline blended stocks” for definition of “producer”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–514 amended subsec. (b) generally, substituting provisions that certain use of gasoline be considered removal for provisions defining “gasoline”.

Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 99–514, in amending section generally, struck out subsecs. (c) to (e) which defined “sales”, “wholesale distributor”, and “producer”, respectively.

1984—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–369, §733(a), in amending subsec. (d) generally, redesignated existing provisions of par. (1) as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B), and in par. (2) inserted “but only if such person” before “elects”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–369, §734(c)(1), added subpar. (e).

1970—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–258 substituted “special fuels referred to in section 4041” for “special motor fuels referred to in section 4041(b)”.

1965—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44, §802(a)(1), substituted “gasoline which are suitable for use as a motor fuel” for “gasoline (including casinghead and natural gasoline”.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 89–44, §802(b)(1), struck out “and give a bond” after “elects to register”.

1959—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–342, §201(e)(1), inserted reference to wholesale distributor.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 86–342, §201(e)(2), added subsec. (d).

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendments by section 6(d)(2)(B), (C)(i) of Pub. L. 110–172 effective as if included in the provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Pub. L. 109–58, to which such amendments relate, and amendment by section 6(d)(2)(C)(ii) of Pub. L. 110–172 effective as if included in section 11161 of the SAFETEA–LU, Pub. L. 109–59, see section 6(e) of Pub. L. 110–172, set out as a note under section 30C of this title.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–432 applicable to kerosene sold after Sept. 30, 2005, with special rule for pending claims, see section 420(c) of Pub. L. 109–432, set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–59 applicable to fuels or liquids removed, entered, or sold after Sept. 30, 2005, see section 11161(e) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–58 effective Oct. 1, 2005, and applicable to fuel entered, removed, or sold after Sept. 30, 2005, see section 1362(d) of Pub. L. 109–58, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by section 241(a)(2)(B) of Pub. L. 108–357 effective Jan. 1, 2005, see section 241(c) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §851(d)(4), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1609, provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and sections 6421 and 6427 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Amendment by section 853(a)(5) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 853(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §854(d), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1616, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (c) [enacting section 6715A of this title and amending this section] shall take effect on the 180th day after the date on which the Secretary issues the regulations described in subsection (b) [set out as a note below] [Such regulations were issued effective Oct. 24, 2005. See 70 F.R. 21332.].”

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §857(d), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1617, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 6427 of this title] shall apply to fuel sold after December 31, 2004.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34 effective July 1, 1998, see section 1032(f)(1) of Pub. L. 105–34, as amended, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Section 1801(b) of Pub. L. 104–188 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to fuel removed, entered, or sold on or after the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 20, 1996].”

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1994, see section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to gasoline removed (as defined in section 4082 of this title as amended by section 1703 of Pub. L. 99–514) after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 1703(h) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Section 733(b) of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 18, 1984].”

Section 734(c)(3) of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and section 6427 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 18, 1984].”

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–258 effective July 1, 1970, see section 211(a) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 802(d)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a)(1), (b), and (c) [amending this section and sections 4101, 4222, 7103, and 7232 of this title] shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after July 1, 1965.”

Effective Date of 1959 Amendment

Section 201(e)(3) of Pub. L. 86–342 provided that: “The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1960.”

Regulations

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §854(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1615, provided that: “Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004], the Secretary of the Treasury shall issue regulations regarding mechanical dye injection systems described in the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section], and such regulations shall include standards for making such systems tamper resistant.”

§4083. Definitions; special rule; administrative authority

(a) Taxable fuel

For purposes of this subpart—

(1) In general

The term “taxable fuel” means—

(A) gasoline,

(B) diesel fuel, and

(C) kerosene.

(2) Gasoline

The term “gasoline”—

(A) includes any gasoline blend, other than qualified methanol or ethanol fuel (as defined in section 4041(b)(2)(B)), partially exempt methanol or ethanol fuel (as defined in section 4041(m)(2)), or a denatured alcohol, and

(B) includes, to the extent prescribed in regulations—

(i) any gasoline blend stock, and

(ii) any product commonly used as an additive in gasoline (other than alcohol).


For purposes of subparagraph (B)(i), the term “gasoline blend stock” means any petroleum product component of gasoline.

(3) Diesel fuel

(A) In general

The term “diesel fuel” means—

(i) any liquid (other than gasoline) which is suitable for use as a fuel in a diesel-powered highway vehicle, or a diesel-powered train,

(ii) transmix, and

(iii) diesel fuel blend stocks identified by the Secretary.

(B) Transmix

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “transmix” means a byproduct of refined products pipeline operations created by the mixing of different specification products during pipeline transportation.

(b) Commercial aviation

For purposes of this subpart, the term “commercial aviation” means any use of an aircraft in a business of transporting persons or property for compensation or hire by air, unless properly allocable to any transportation exempt from the taxes imposed by sections 4261 and 4271 by reason of section 4281 or 4282 or by reason of subsection (h) or (i) of section 4261.

(c) Certain uses defined as removal

If any person uses taxable fuel (other than in the production of taxable fuels or special fuels referred to in section 4041), such use shall for the purposes of this chapter be considered a removal.

(d) Administrative authority

(1) In general

In addition to the authority otherwise granted by this title, the Secretary may in administering compliance with this subpart, section 4041, and penalties and other administrative provisions related thereto—

(A) enter any place at which taxable fuel is produced or is stored (or may be stored) for purposes of—

(i) examining the equipment used to determine the amount or composition of such fuel and the equipment used to store such fuel,

(ii) taking and removing samples of such fuel, and

(iii) inspecting any books and records and any shipping papers pertaining to such fuel, and


(B) detain, for the purposes referred in subparagraph (A), any container which contains or may contain any taxable fuel.

(2) Inspection sites

The Secretary may establish inspection sites for purposes of carrying out the Secretary's authority under paragraph (1)(B).

(3) Penalty for refusal of entry

(A) Forfeiture

The penalty provided by section 7342 shall apply to any refusal to admit entry or other refusal to permit an action by the Secretary authorized by paragraph (1), except that section 7342 shall be applied by substituting “$1,000” for “$500” for each such refusal.

(B) Assessable penalty

For additional assessable penalty for the refusal to admit entry or other refusal to permit an action by the Secretary authorized by paragraph (1), see section 6717.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 483; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, §1703(a), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2776; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 517; Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §902(b)(3), title X, §1032(a), (e)(4), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 873, 933, 935; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6010(h)(1), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 815; Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §301(c)(8), title VIII, §§853(b), 858(a), 859(b)(1), 870(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1461, 1611, 1617, 1618, 1623; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11123(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1952.)

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted “subsection (h) or (i) of section 4261” for “section 4261(h)”.

2004—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 108–357, §301(c)(8), reenacted heading without change and amended text of par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) defined the term “gasoline”, to the extent prescribed in regulations, as including gasoline blend stocks and products commonly used as additives in gasoline, and defined the term “gasoline blend stock” as meaning any petroleum product component of gasoline.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 108–357, §870(a), reenacted heading without change and amended text of par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) defined the term “diesel fuel” as meaning any liquid (other than gasoline) which is suitable for use as a fuel in a diesel-powered highway vehicle or a diesel-powered train.

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(b), added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsec. (b) as (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–357, §853(b), redesignated subsec. (c) as (d).

Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 108–357, §858(a), added cl. (iii).

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 108–357, §859(b)(1), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, and added subpar. (B).

1998—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105–206 made technical amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(a). See 1997 Amendment note below.

1997—Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(a), as amended by Pub. L. 105–206, §6010(h)(1), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105–34, §902(b)(3), substituted “or a diesel-powered train” for “, a diesel-powered train, or a diesel-powered boat”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–34, §1032(e)(4), substituted “taxable fuels” for “gasoline, diesel fuel,”.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66 amended heading and text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

“(1) For provisions to relieve farmers from excise tax in the case of gasoline used on the farm for farming purposes, see section 6420.

“(2) For provisions to relieve purchasers of gasoline from excise tax in the case of gasoline used for certain nonhighway purposes, used by local transit systems, or sold for certain exempt purposes, see section 6421.

“(3) For provisions to relieve purchasers of gasoline from excise tax in the case of gasoline not used for taxable purposes, see section 6427.”

1986—Pub. L. 99–514 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section 4083 “Exemption of sales to producer”, read as follows: “Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary the tax imposed by section 4081 shall not apply in the case of sales of gasoline to a producer of gasoline.”

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11123(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1952, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 4261 of this title] shall apply to transportation beginning after September 30, 2005.”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by section 301(c)(8) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to fuel sold or used after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 301(d)(1) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Amendment by section 853(b) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 853(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §858(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1617, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §859(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1618, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting section 6717 of this title and amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 2005.”

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §870(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1624, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section and section 6427 of this title] shall apply to fuel removed, sold, or used after December 31, 2004.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by section 902(b)(3) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective Jan. 1, 1998, see section 902(c) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendment by section 1032(a), (e)(4) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective July 1, 1998, see section 1032(f)(1) of Pub. L. 105–34, as amended, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1994, see section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to gasoline removed (as defined in section 4082 of this title as amended by section 1703 of Pub. L. 99–514) after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 1703(h) of Pub. L. 99–514 set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

§4084. Cross references

(1) For provisions to relieve farmers from excise tax in the case of gasoline used on the farm for farming purposes, see section 6420.

(2) For provisions to relieve purchasers of gasoline from excise tax in the case of gasoline used for certain nonhighway purposes, used by local transit systems, or sold for certain exempt purposes, see section 6421.

(3) For provisions to relieve purchasers from excise tax in the case of taxable fuel not used for taxable purposes, see section 6427.

(Added Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 518.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4084, added Apr. 2, 1956, ch. 160, §4(a)(1), 70 Stat. 90; amended June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §208(e)(1), 70 Stat. 396, contained cross references, prior to the general amendment of this subpart by Pub. L. 99–514, §1703(a).

A prior section 4091, added Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(a), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–438; amended Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(g), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–446; Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2001(d)(6)(A)–(C), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3596; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §§11211(b)(1), (2), (6)(A), (B), (c)(4), (e)(4), 11213(b)(1), (2)(C), (D), (d)(2)(A), 11704(a)(38), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–424 to 1388–427, 1388–432, 1388–433, 1388–435, 1388–520; Pub. L. Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(a)(4), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §§13241(b)(1), (2)(B)(i), (ii), 13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 510, 518; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1609(a)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1841; Pub. L. 105–2, §2(a)(1), Feb. 28, 1997, 111 Stat. 4; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1031(a)(1), title XIV, §1436(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 929, 1053; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9003(a)(1)(D), (b)(2)(D), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 502, 503; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6014(d), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 820, related to imposition of tax on the sale of aviation fuel, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(1), (e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1612, 1614, applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004.

Another prior section 4091, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 483; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 793, §1(a), 69 Stat. 676; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §202(a), 79 Stat. 137, imposed a tax of 6 cents a gallon on lubricating oil (other than cutting oils) sold in the United States by the manufacturer or producer to be paid by the manufacturer or producer, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(a), (c), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2181, applicable with respect to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983.

A prior section 4092, added Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(a), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–440; amended Pub. L. 100–647, title III, §3003(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3616; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §§13163(a)(1), (3), 13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 453, 519; Pub. L. 105–34, title XVI, §1601(f)(4)(C), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1091; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6023(16), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 825, related to exemptions from tax imposed by former section 4091, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(1), (e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1612, 1614, applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004.

Another prior section 4092, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 484; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 793, §1(b), 69 Stat. 676; Nov. 9, 1978, Pub. L. 95–618, title IV, §404(b), 92 Stat. 3205, provided for certain vendees to be considered as manufacturers and defined “cutting oils”, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(a), (c), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2181, applicable with respect to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983.

A prior section 4093, added Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(a), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–440; amended Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2004(s)(1), title III, §3001(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3609, 3613; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §§11211(b)(4)(A), 11212(b)(4), 11704(a)(20), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–425, 1388–431, 1388–519; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §§13241(f)(3), (4), 13242(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 511, 512, 520; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1702(b)(2)(A), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1868; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1032(e)(5), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 935, defined terms for purposes of former subpart B of this part, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(1), (e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1612, 1614, applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004.

Another prior section 4093, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 484; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), 90 Stat. 1834; Nov. 9, 1978, Pub. L. 95–618, title IV, §404(a), 92 Stat. 3204, exempted from tax lubricating oils sold to a manufacturer or producer of lubricating oils for resale, or for certain uses of lubricating oil in producing rerefined oil, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(a), (c), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2181, applicable with respect to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983.

A prior section 4094, added Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §202(c)(1)(A), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 139, provided cross reference to sections 39 and 6424 of this title for provisions to relieve purchasers of lubricating oil from excise tax in the case of lubricating oil used otherwise than in a highway motor vehicle, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(a), (c), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2181, applicable with respect to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983.

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 1994, see section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as an Effective Date of 1993 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

Subpart B—Special Provisions Applicable to Fuels Tax

Sec.
4101.
Registration and bond.
4102.
Inspection of records by local officers.
4103.
Certain additional persons liable for tax where willful failure to pay.
4104.
Information reporting for persons claiming certain tax benefits.
4105.
Two-party exchanges.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subpart B, consisting of sections 4091 to 4093, related to taxation of aviation fuel, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(1), (e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1612, 1614, applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004.

Amendments

2004—Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §303(b), title VIII, §§853(d)(1), (2)(T), 866(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1466, 1612, 1614, 1622, redesignated subpart C as B, substituted “Special Provisions Applicable to Fuels Tax” for “Special Provisions Applicable to Petroleum Products” in subpart heading, and added items 4104 and 4105.

1990—Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11212(e)(3), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–432, added item 4103.

1986—Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, §1703(b)(2), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2776, substituted “Registration and bond” for “Registration” in item 4101.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XII, §1202(c)(2), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1686, substituted “Inspection of records by local officers” for “Inspection of records, returns, etc., by local officers” in item 4102.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §802(b)(5), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 159, struck out “and bond” after “Registration” in item 4101.

§4101. Registration and bond

(a) Registration

(1) In general

Every person required by the Secretary to register under this section with respect to the tax imposed by section 4041(a) or 4081, every person producing or importing biodiesel (as defined in section 40A(d)(1)) or alcohol (as defined in section 6426(b)(4)(A)), and every person producing cellulosic biofuel (as defined in section 40(b)(6)(E)) shall register with the Secretary at such time, in such form and manner, and subject to such terms and conditions, as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe. A registration under this section may be used only in accordance with regulations prescribed under this section.

(2) Registration of persons within foreign trade zones, etc.

The Secretary shall require registration by any person which—

(A) operates a terminal or refinery within a foreign trade zone or within a customs bonded storage facility, or

(B) holds an inventory position with respect to a taxable fuel in such a terminal.

(3) Display of registration

Every operator of a vessel required by the Secretary to register under this section shall display proof of registration through an identification device prescribed by the Secretary on each vessel used by such operator to transport any taxable fuel.

(4) Registration of persons extending credit on certain exempt sales of fuel

The Secretary shall require registration by any person which—

(A) extends credit by credit card to any ultimate purchaser described in subparagraph (C) or (D) of section 6416(b)(2) for the purchase of taxable fuel upon which tax has been imposed under section 4041 or 4081, and

(B) does not collect the amount of such tax from such ultimate purchaser.

(5) Reregistration in event of change in ownership

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, a person (other than a corporation the stock of which is regularly traded on an established securities market) shall be required to reregister under this section if after a transaction (or series of related transactions) more than 50 percent of ownership interests in, or assets of, such person are held by persons other than persons (or persons related thereto) who held more than 50 percent of such interests or assets before the transaction (or series of related transactions).

(b) Bonds and liens

(1) In general

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the Secretary may require, as a condition of permitting any person to be registered under subsection (a), that such person—

(A) give a bond in such sum as the Secretary determines appropriate, and

(B) agree to the imposition of a lien—

(i) on such property (or rights to property) of such person used in the trade or business for which the registration is sought, or

(ii) with the consent of such person, on any other property (or rights to property) of such person as the Secretary determines appropriate.


Rules similar to the rules of section 6323 shall apply to the lien imposed pursuant to this paragraph.

(2) Release or discharge of lien

If a lien is imposed pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall issue a certificate of discharge or a release of such lien in connection with a transfer of the property if there is furnished to the Secretary (and accepted by him) a bond in such sum as the Secretary determines appropriate or the transferor agrees to the imposition of a substitute lien under paragraph (1)(B) in such sum as the Secretary determines appropriate. The Secretary shall respond to any request to discharge or release a lien imposed pursuant to paragraph (1) in connection with a transfer of property not later than 90 days after the date the request for such a discharge or release is made.

(c) Denial, revocation, or suspension of registration

Rules similar to the rules of section 4222(c) shall apply to registration under this section.

(d) Information reporting

The Secretary may require—

(1) information reporting by any person registered under this section, and

(2) information reporting by such other persons as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out this part.


Any person who is required to report under this subsection and who has 25 or more reportable transactions in a month shall file such report in electronic format.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 484; Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §802(b)(2), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 159; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(b)(8), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2182; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, §1703(b)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2776; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10502(d)(3), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–444; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11212(b)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–430; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(d)(1), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 522; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1032(d), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 934; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6010(h)(5), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 815; Pub. L. 107–147, title VI, §615(a), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 62; Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §301(b), title VIII, §§853(d)(2)(F), 861(a), 862(a), 864(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1461, 1613, 1618, 1619, 1621; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §§11113(c), 11163(a), 11164(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1949, 1973, 1975; Pub. L. 110–172, §11(a)(29), Dec. 29, 2007, 121 Stat. 2487; Pub. L. 110–234, title XV, §15321(b)(3)(A), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1513; Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title XV, §15321(b)(3)(A), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2275.)

Codification

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 110–246, §15321(b)(3)(A), substituted “, every person producing or importing” for “and every person producing or importing” and inserted “, and every person producing cellulosic biofuel (as defined in section 40(b)(6)(E))” before “shall register”.

2007—Subsec. (a)(4), (5). Pub. L. 110–172 redesignated par. (4) relating to reregistration in event of change of ownership as (5).

2005—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, §11113(c), substituted “4041(a)” for “4041(a)(1)”.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 109–59, §11164(a), added par. (4) relating to reregistration in event of change in ownership.

Pub. L. 109–59, §11163(a), added par. (4) relating to registration of persons extending credit on certain exempt sales of fuel.

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357, §861(a), designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, and added par. (2).

Pub. L. 108–357, §853(d)(2)(F), substituted “or 4081” for “, 4081, or 4091”.

Pub. L. 108–357, §301(b), amended par. (1), as amended by Pub. L. 108–357, §861, by inserting “and every person producing or importing biodiesel (as defined in section 40A(d)(1)) or alcohol (as defined in section 6426(b)(4)(A))” before “shall register with the Secretary”.

Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 108–357, §862(a), added par. (2) and redesignated former par. (2) as (3).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–357, §864(a), inserted concluding provisions.

2002—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–147 struck out heading and text of subsec. (e). Text read as follows:

“(1) In general.—A terminal for kerosene or diesel fuel may not be an approved facility for storage of non-tax-paid diesel fuel or kerosene under this section unless the operator of such terminal offers such fuel in a dyed form for removal for nontaxable use in accordance with section 4082(a).

“(2) Exception.—Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any terminal exclusively providing aviation-grade kerosene by pipeline to an airport.”

1998—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 105–206 substituted “such fuel in a dyed form” for “dyed diesel fuel and kerosene”.

1997—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–34 added subsec. (e).

1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–66 substituted “4041(a)(1), 4081,” for “4081”.

1990—Pub. L. 101–508 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows:

“(a) Registration.—Every person subject to tax under section 4081 or 4091 shall, before incurring any liability for tax under such section, register with the Secretary.

“(b) Bond.—Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, every person who registers under subsection (a) may be required to give a bond in such sum as the Secretary determines.”

1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–203 inserted “or 4091” after “section 4081”.

1986—Pub. L. 99–514 amended section generally, substituting “Registration and bond” for “Registration” in section catchline, designating existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserting subsec. (a) heading, and adding subsec. (b).

1983—Pub. L. 97–424 struck out “or section 4091” after “4081”.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44 struck out all references to a bond to be given and its terms and requirements.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of Title 7, Agriculture.

Amendment by section 15321(b)(3)(A) of Pub. L. 110–246 applicable to fuel produced after Dec. 31, 2008, see section 15321(g) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Amendment by section 11113(c) of Pub. L. 109–59 applicable to any sale or use for any period after Sept. 30, 2006, see section 11113(d) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11163(e), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1975, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 6206, 6416, 6427, and 6675 of this title] shall apply to sales after December 31, 2005.”

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11164(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1976, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 6719, 7232, and 7272 of this title] shall apply to actions, or failures to act, after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005].”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by section 301(b) of Pub. L. 108–357 effective Apr. 1, 2005, see section 301(d)(2) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Amendment by section 853(d)(2)(F) of Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 853(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §861(c)(1), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1619, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 2005.”

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §862(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1619, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 6718 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 2005.”

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §864(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1621, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply on January 1, 2006.”

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–147, title VI, §615(b), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 62, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 2002.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34 effective Jan. 1, 2002, see section 1032(f)(2) of Pub. L. 105–34, as amended, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1994, see section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 effective Dec. 1, 1990, see section 11212(f)(2) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–203 applicable to sales after Mar. 31, 1988, see section 10502(e) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to gasoline removed (as defined in section 4082 of this title as amended by section 1703 of Pub. L. 99–514) after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 1703(h) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–424 applicable to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983, see section 515(c) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after July 1, 1965, see section 802(d)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4082 of this title.

Treatment of Deep-Draft Vessels

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11166(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1976, provided that: “On and after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005], the Secretary of the Treasury shall require that a vessel described in section 4042(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 be considered a vessel for purposes of the registration of the operator of such vessel under section 4101 of such Code, unless such operator uses such vessel exclusively for purposes of the entry of taxable fuel.”

Publication of Registered Persons

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §860(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1618, provided that: “Beginning on January 1, 2005, the Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary's delegate) shall periodically publish under section 6103(k)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 a current list of persons registered under section 4101 of such Code who are required to register under such section.”

§4102. Inspection of records by local officers

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, records required to be kept with respect to taxes under this part shall be open to inspection by such officers of a State, or a political subdivision of any such State, as shall be charged with the enforcement or collection of any tax on any taxable fuel (as defined in section 4083).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 484; Pub. L. 94–455, title XII, §1202(c)(1), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1686; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(b)(9), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2182; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(d)(2), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 522.)

Amendments

1993—Pub. L. 103–66 substituted “any taxable fuel (as defined in section 4083)” for “gasoline”.

1983—Pub. L. 97–424 struck out “or lubricating oils” after “gasoline”.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “returns, etc.” after “Inspection of records”, “or his delegate” after “Secretary”, “and returns, reports, and statements with respect to such taxes filed with the Secretary or his delegate” after “under this part”, substituted “or a political subdivision of any such State” for “or, Territory or political subdivision thereof or the District of Columbia” after “of any State”, and struck out provision relating to availability and fee for certified copies of statements, returns, or reports filed in Secretary's office.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1994, see section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–424 applicable to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983, see section 515(c) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective Jan. 1, 1977, see section 1202(i) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 6103 of this title.

§4103. Certain additional persons liable for tax where willful failure to pay

In any case in which there is a willful failure to pay the tax imposed by section 4041(a)(1) or 4081, each person—

(1) who is an officer, employee, or agent of the taxpayer who is under a duty to assure the payment of such tax and who willfully fails to perform such duty, or

(2) who willfully causes the taxpayer to fail to pay such tax,


shall be jointly and severally liable with the taxpayer for the tax to which such failure relates.

(Added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11212(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–431; amended Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13242(d)(1), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 522; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(2)(F), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1613.)

Amendments

2004—Pub. L. 108–357 substituted “or 4081” for “, 4081, or 4091” in introductory provisions.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66 substituted “4041(a)(1), 4081,” for “4081” in introductory provisions.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 853(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1994, see section 13242(e) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Dec. 1, 1990, see section 11212(f)(2) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as an Effective Date of 1990 Amendment note under section 4081 of this title.

§4104. Information reporting for persons claiming certain tax benefits

(a) In general

The Secretary shall require any person claiming tax benefits—

(1) under the provisions of section 1 34, 40, and 40A, to file a return at the time such person claims such benefits (in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe), and

(2) under the provisions of section 4041(b)(2), 6426, or 6427(e) to file a quarterly return (in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe).

(b) Contents of return

Any return filed under this section shall provide such information relating to such benefits and the coordination of such benefits as the Secretary may require to ensure the proper administration and use of such benefits.

(c) Enforcement

With respect to any person described in subsection (a) and subject to registration requirements under this title, rules similar to rules of section 4222(c) shall apply with respect to any requirement under this section.

(Added Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §303(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1466.)

Effective Date

Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §303(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1466, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section] shall take effect on January 1, 2005.”

1 So in original. Probably should be “sections”.

§4105. Two-party exchanges

(a) In general

In a two-party exchange, the delivering person shall not be liable for the tax imposed under section 4081(a)(1)(A)(ii).

(b) Two-party exchange

The term “two-party exchange” means a transaction, other than a sale, in which taxable fuel is transferred from a delivering person registered under section 4101 as a taxable fuel registrant to a receiving person who is so registered where all of the following occur:

(1) The transaction includes a transfer from the delivering person, who holds the inventory position for taxable fuel in the terminal as reflected in the records of the terminal operator.

(2) The exchange transaction occurs before or contemporaneous with completion of removal across the rack from the terminal by the receiving person.

(3) The terminal operator in its books and records treats the receiving person as the person that removes the product across the terminal rack for purposes of reporting the transaction to the Secretary.

(4) The transaction is the subject of a written contract.

(Added Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §866(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1621.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4111 to 4113, 4121, and 4131 of this title constituted a former subchapter B of this chapter, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding section 4121 of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §866(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [enacting this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Subchapter B—Coal

Sec.
4121.
Imposition of tax.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter B consisted of sections 4111 to 4113, 4121, and 4131 of this title.

Section 4111, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 485; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §111(a), 72 Stat. 1277, imposed a manufacturers excise tax of 5 percent on household type refrigerators, quick freeze or frozen storage units, or combinations, and a tax of 10 percent on self-contained air-conditioning units, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §203, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 139, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1956.

Section 4112, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 485; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 805, §1(e), 69 Stat. 689, defined refrigerator components, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §111(b)(1), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1277, effective the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958.

Section 4113, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 485, related to exemptions for manufacturers of refrigerator components, prior to repeal by act Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 805, §1(d), 69 Stat. 689, effective on the first day of the first month beginning more than 10 days after Aug. 11, 1955.

Section 4121, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 486; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §112, 72 Stat. 1277, imposed a 5 percent tax on electric, gas, and oil household appliances and their accessories, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §203, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 139, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965.

Section 4131, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 486, imposed a 10 percent tax on electric light bulbs and tubes, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §203, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 139, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after Jan. 1, 1965.

§4121. Imposition of tax

(a) Tax imposed

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed on coal from mines located in the United States sold by the producer, a tax equal to the rate per ton determined under subsection (b).

(2) Limitation on tax

The amount of the tax imposed by paragraph (1) with respect to a ton of coal shall not exceed the applicable percentage (determined under subsection (b)) of the price at which such ton of coal is sold by the producer.

(b) Determination of rates and limitation on tax

For purposes of subsection (a)—

(1) the rate of tax on coal from underground mines shall be $1.10,

(2) the rate of tax on coal from surface mines shall be $.55, and

(3) the applicable percentage shall be 4.4 percent.

(c) Tax not to apply to lignite

The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall not apply in the case of lignite.

(d) Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Coal from surface mines

Coal shall be treated as produced from a surface mine if all of the geological matter above the coal being mined is removed before the coal is extracted from the earth. Coal extracted by auger shall be treated as coal from a surface mine.

(2) Coal from underground mines

Coal shall be treated as produced from an underground mine if it is not produced from a surface mine.

(3) United States

The term “United States” has the meaning given to it by paragraph (1) of section 638.

(4) Ton

The term “ton” means 2,000 pounds.

(e) Reduction in amount of tax

(1) In general

Effective with respect to sales after the temporary increase termination date, subsection (b) shall be applied—

(A) by substituting “$.50” for “$1.10”,

(B) by substituting “$.25” for “$.55”, and

(C) by substituting “2 percent” for “4.4 percent”.

(2) Temporary increase termination date

For purposes of paragraph (1), the temporary increase termination date is the earlier of—

(A) December 31, 2018, or

(B) the first December 31 after 2007 as of which there is—

(i) no balance of repayable advances made to the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund, and

(ii) no unpaid interest on such advances.

(Added Pub. L. 95–227, §2(a), Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 11; amended Pub. L. 97–119, title I, §102(a), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1635; Pub. L. 99–272, title XIII, §13203(a), (c), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 312, 313; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1897(a), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2941; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10503, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–446; Pub. L. 110–343, div. B, title I, §113(a), Oct. 3, 2008, 122 Stat. 3824.)

Prior Provisions

For prior section 4121, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding this section.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (e)(2)(A). Pub. L. 110–343, §113(a)(1), substituted “December 31, 2018” for “January 1, 2014”.

Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 110–343, §113(a)(2), substituted “December 31 after 2007” for “January 1 after 1981” in introductory provisions.

1987—Subsec. (e)(2)(A). Pub. L. 100–203 substituted “2014” for “1996”.

1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–272, §13203(a), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment subsec. (a) read as follows: “There is hereby imposed on coal sold by the producer a tax at the rates of—

“(1) 50 cents per ton in the case of coal from underground mines located in the United States, and

“(2) 25 cents per ton in the case of coal from surface mines located in the United States.”

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–514 struck out “, in the case of sales during any calendar year beginning after December 31, 1985” after “subsection (a)”.

Pub. L. 99–272, §13203(a), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment subsec. (b), limitation on tax, read as follows: “The amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) with respect to a ton of coal shall not exceed 2 percent of the price at which such ton of coal is sold by the producer.”

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–272, §13203(c), substituted “Reduction in amount of tax” for “Temporary increase in amount of tax” in heading and amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment par. (1) read as follows: “Effective with respect to sales after December 31, 1981, and before the temporary increase termination date—

“(A) subsection (a) shall be applied—

“(i) by substituting ‘$1’ for ‘50 cents’, and

“(ii) by substituting ‘50 cents’ for ‘25 cents’, and

“(B) subsection (b) shall be applied by substituting ‘4 percent’ for ‘2 percent’.”

1981—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–119 added subsec. (e).

Effective Date of 1986 Amendments

Section 1897(b) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendment made by section 13203 of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 [section 13203 of Pub. L. 99–272, see note below].”

Section 13203(d) of Pub. L. 99–272 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to sales after March 31, 1986.”

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Section 102(b) of Pub. L. 97–119 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to sales after December 31, 1981.”

Effective Date

Section 2(d) of Pub. L. 95–227 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending sections 4218, 4221, 4293, and 6416 of this title] shall apply with respect to sales after March 31, 1978.”

Section 5 of Pub. L. 95–227 provided that: “Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act [see Short Title of 1978 Amendment note set out under section 1 of this title] to the contrary, no provision of this Act (including any amendment made by any such provision) shall take effect or apply unless an Act, enacted after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 10, 1978], contains a provision, explicitly in satisfaction of the requirements of this section, which states that it is the intent of the Congress that the provisions of this Act shall take effect.”

[Pub. L. 95–239, §20(c), Mar. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 106, provided that: “In accordance with the requirements of section 5 of the Black Lung Benefits Revenue Act of 1977 [Pub. L. 95–227, set out above], it is hereby provided that such Act shall take effect in accordance with the provisions of such Act. The provisions of this subsection are hereby deemed to be in explicit satisfaction of the requirements of section 5 of such Act.”]

Short Title of 1978 Amendment

For short title of Pub. L. 95–227, Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 11, as the “Black Lung Benefits Revenue Act of 1977”, see Short Title of 1978 Amendments note set out under section 1 of this title.

Special Rules for Refund of the Coal Excise Tax to Certain Coal Producers and Exporters

Pub. L. 110–343, div. B, title I, §114, Oct. 3, 2008, 122 Stat. 3826, provided that:

“(a) Refund.—

“(1) Coal producers.—

“(A) In general.—Notwithstanding subsections (a)(1) and (c) of section 6416 and section 6511 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, if—

“(i) a coal producer establishes that such coal producer, or a party related to such coal producer, exported coal produced by such coal producer to a foreign country or shipped coal produced by such coal producer to a possession of the United States, or caused such coal to be exported or shipped, the export or shipment of which was other than through an exporter who meets the requirements of paragraph (2),

“(ii) such coal producer filed an excise tax return on or after October 1, 1990, and on or before the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2008], and

“(iii) such coal producer files a claim for refund with the Secretary not later than the close of the 30-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act,

  then the Secretary shall pay to such coal producer an amount equal to the tax paid under section 4121 of such Code on such coal exported or shipped by the coal producer or a party related to such coal producer, or caused by the coal producer or a party related to such coal producer to be exported or shipped.

“(B) Special rules for certain taxpayers.—For purposes of this section—

“(i) In general.—If a coal producer or a party related to a coal producer has received a judgment described in clause (iii), such coal producer shall be deemed to have established the export of coal to a foreign country or shipment of coal to a possession of the United States under subparagraph (A)(i).

“(ii) Amount of payment.—If a taxpayer described in clause (i) is entitled to a payment under subparagraph (A), the amount of such payment shall be reduced by any amount paid pursuant to the judgment described in clause (iii).

“(iii) Judgment described.—A judgment is described in this subparagraph if such judgment—

     “(I) is made by a court of competent jurisdiction within the United States,

     “(II) relates to the constitutionality of any tax paid on exported coal under section 4121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and

     “(III) is in favor of the coal producer or the party related to the coal producer.

“(2) Exporters.—Notwithstanding subsections (a)(1) and (c) of section 6416 and section 6511 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and a judgment described in paragraph (1)(B)(iii) of this subsection, if—

“(A) an exporter establishes that such exporter exported coal to a foreign country or shipped coal to a possession of the United States, or caused such coal to be so exported or shipped,

“(B) such exporter filed a tax return on or after October 1, 1990, and on or before the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2008], and

“(C) such exporter files a claim for refund with the Secretary not later than the close of the 30-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act,

  then the Secretary shall pay to such exporter an amount equal to $0.825 per ton of such coal exported by the exporter or caused to be exported or shipped, or caused to be exported or shipped, [sic] by the exporter.

“(b) Limitations.—Subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to exported coal if a settlement with the Federal Government has been made with and accepted by, the coal producer, a party related to such coal producer, or the exporter, of such coal, as of the date that the claim is filed under this section with respect to such exported coal. For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘settlement with the Federal Government’ shall not include any settlement or stipulation entered into as of the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2008], the terms of which contemplate a judgment concerning which any party has reserved the right to file an appeal, or has filed an appeal.

“(c) Subsequent Refund Prohibited.—No refund shall be made under this section to the extent that a credit or refund of such tax on such exported or shipped coal has been paid to any person.

“(d) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—

“(1) Coal producer.—The term ‘coal producer’ means the person in whom is vested ownership of the coal immediately after the coal is severed from the ground, without regard to the existence of any contractual arrangement for the sale or other disposition of the coal or the payment of any royalties between the producer and third parties. The term includes any person who extracts coal from coal waste refuse piles or from the silt waste product which results from the wet washing (or similar processing) of coal.

“(2) Exporter.—The term ‘exporter’ means a person, other than a coal producer, who does not have a contract, fee arrangement, or any other agreement with a producer or seller of such coal to export or ship such coal to a third party on behalf of the producer or seller of such coal and—

“(A) is indicated in the shipper's export declaration or other documentation as the exporter of record, or

“(B) actually exported such coal to a foreign country or shipped such coal to a possession of the United States, or caused such coal to be so exported or shipped.

“(3) Related party.—The term ‘a party related to such coal producer’ means a person who—

“(A) is related to such coal producer through any degree of common management, stock ownership, or voting control,

“(B) is related (within the meaning of section 144(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) to such coal producer, or

“(C) has a contract, fee arrangement, or any other agreement with such coal producer to sell such coal to a third party on behalf of such coal producer.

“(4) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of [the] Treasury or the Secretary's designee.

“(e) Timing of Refund.—With respect to any claim for refund filed pursuant to this section, the Secretary shall determine whether the requirements of this section are met not later than 180 days after such claim is filed. If the Secretary determines that the requirements of this section are met, the claim for refund shall be paid not later than 180 days after the Secretary makes such determination.

“(f) Interest.—Any refund paid pursuant to this section shall be paid by the Secretary with interest from the date of overpayment determined by using the overpayment rate and method under section 6621 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

“(g) Denial of Double Benefit.—The payment under subsection (a) with respect to any coal shall not exceed—

“(1) in the case of a payment to a coal producer, the amount of tax paid under section 4121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to such coal by such coal producer or a party related to such coal producer, and

“(2) in the case of a payment to an exporter, an amount equal to $0.825 per ton with respect to such coal exported by the exporter or caused to be exported by the exporter.

“(h) Application of Section.—This section applies only to claims on coal exported or shipped on or after October 1, 1990, through the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2008].

“(i) Standing Not Conferred.—

“(1) Exporters.—With respect to exporters, this section shall not confer standing upon an exporter to commence, or intervene in, any judicial or administrative proceeding concerning a claim for refund by a coal producer of any Federal or State tax, fee, or royalty paid by the coal producer.

“(2) Coal producers.—With respect to coal producers, this section shall not confer standing upon a coal producer to commence, or intervene in, any judicial or administrative proceeding concerning a claim for refund by an exporter of any Federal or State tax, fee, or royalty paid by the producer and alleged to have been passed on to an exporter.”

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Subchapter C—Certain Vaccines

Sec.
4131.
Imposition of tax.
4132.
Definitions and special rules.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter C consisted of sections 4141 to 4143, 4151, and 4152 of this title.

Section 4141, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 487; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 805, §2(a), 69 Stat. 690; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §113(a), 72 Stat. 1278, imposed a tax equivalent to 10 percent of selling price on radio and television receiving sets, phonographs, radio, television, and phonograph combinations, components, and phonograph records, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §204, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965.

Section 4142, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 487; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §113(a), 72 Stat. 1278; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–653, §6(a), 78 Stat. 1086, defined “radio and television components” and provided formula to determine selling price of rebuilt television picture tubes, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §204, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965.

Section 4143, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §113(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1278, granted an exemption for certain types of communication, detection, and navigation equipment and components, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §204, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965.

Section 4151, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 488, imposed a tax equivalent to 10 percent of selling price upon the sale of musical instruments, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §204, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965.

Section 4152, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 488, related to exemption of musical instruments sold for religious or educational use, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(b)(2), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1286, effective on the first day of the first calendar quarter which began more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958.

§4131. Imposition of tax

(a) General rule

There is hereby imposed a tax on any taxable vaccine sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof.

(b) Amount of tax

(1) In general

The amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be 75 cents per dose of any taxable vaccine.

(2) Combinations of vaccines

If any taxable vaccine is described in more than 1 subparagraph of section 4132(a)(1), the amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) on such vaccine shall be the sum of the amounts for the vaccines which are so included.

(c) Application of section

The tax imposed by this section shall apply—

(1) after December 31, 1987, and before January 1, 1993, and

(2) during periods after the date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993.

(Added Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, §9201(a), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–327; amended Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13421(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 565; Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §904(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 873.)

References in Text

The date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 103–66, which was approved Aug. 10, 1993.

Amendments

1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–34 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows:

“(b) Amount of Tax.—

“(1) In general.—The amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

 
The tax per
 “If the taxable vaccine is:
dose is:
DPT vaccine
$4.56 
DT vaccine
0.06 
MMR vaccine
4.44 
Polio vaccine
0.29.  

        

“(2) Combinations of vaccines.—If any taxable vaccine is included in more than 1 category of vaccines in the table contained in paragraph (1), the amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) on such vaccine shall be the sum of the amounts determined under such table for each category in which such vaccine is so included.”

1993—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–66 amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) related to termination of tax if amounts collected exceeded projected fund liability.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Section 904(d) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 4132 of this title] shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Effective Date

Section 9201(d) of Pub. L. 100–203 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and section 4132 of this title and amending sections 4221 and 6416 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1988.”

Floor Stocks Tax

Section 13421(c) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that:

“(1) Imposition of tax.—On any taxable vaccine—

“(A) which was sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer on or before the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 1993],

“(B) on which no tax was imposed by section 4131 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (or, if such tax was imposed, was credited or refunded), and

“(C) which is held on such date by any person for sale or use,

there is hereby imposed a tax in the amount determined under section 4131(b) of such Code.

“(2) Liability for tax and method of payment.—

“(A) Liability for tax.—The person holding any taxable vaccine to which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies shall be liable for such tax.

“(B) Method of payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe by regulations.

“(C) Time for payment.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be paid on or before the last day of the 6th month beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.

“(3) Definitions.—For purposes of this subsection, terms used in this subsection which are also used in section 4131 of such Code shall have the respective meanings such terms have in such section.

“(4) Other laws applicable.—All provisions of law, including penalties, applicable with respect to the taxes imposed by section 4131 of such Code shall, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this subsection, apply to the floor stocks taxes imposed by paragraph (1), to the same extent as if such taxes were imposed by such section 4131.”

§4132. Definitions and special rules

(a) Definitions relating to taxable vaccines

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Taxable vaccine

The term “taxable vaccine” means any of the following vaccines which are manufactured or produced in the United States or entered into the United States for consumption, use, or warehousing:

(A) Any vaccine containing diphtheria toxoid.

(B) Any vaccine containing tetanus toxoid.

(C) Any vaccine containing pertussis bacteria, extracted or partial cell bacteria, or specific pertussis antigens.

(D) Any vaccine against measles.

(E) Any vaccine against mumps.

(F) Any vaccine against rubella.

(G) Any vaccine containing polio virus.

(H) Any HIB vaccine.

(I) Any vaccine against hepatitis A.

(J) Any vaccine against hepatitis B.

(K) Any vaccine against chicken pox.

(L) Any vaccine against rotavirus gastroenteritis.

(M) Any conjugate vaccine against streptococcus pneumoniae.

(N) Any trivalent vaccine against influenza.

(O) Any meningococcal vaccine.

(P) Any vaccine against the human papillomavirus.

(2) Vaccine

The term “vaccine” means any substance designed to be administered to a human being for the prevention of 1 or more diseases.

(3) United States

The term “United States” has the meaning given such term by section 4612(a)(4).

(4) Importer

The term “importer” means the person entering the vaccine for consumption, use, or warehousing.

(b) Credit or refund where vaccine returned to manufacturer, etc., or destroyed

(1) In general

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, whenever any vaccine on which tax was imposed by section 4131 is—

(A) returned (other than for resale) to the person who paid such tax, or

(B) destroyed,


the Secretary shall abate such tax or allow a credit, or pay a refund (without interest), to such person equal to the tax paid under section 4131 with respect to such vaccine.

(2) Claim must be filed within 6 months

Paragraph (1) shall apply to any returned or destroyed vaccine only with respect to claims filed within 6 months after the date the vaccine is returned or destroyed.

(3) Condition of allowance of credit or refund

No credit or refund shall be allowed or made under paragraph (1) with respect to any vaccine unless the person who paid the tax establishes that he—

(A) has repaid or agreed to repay the amount of the tax to the ultimate purchaser of the vaccine, or

(B) has obtained the written consent of such purchaser to the allowance of the credit or the making of the refund.

(4) Tax imposed only once

No tax shall be imposed by section 4131 on the sale of any vaccine if tax was imposed by section 4131 on any prior sale of such vaccine and such tax is not abated, credited, or refunded.

(c) Other special rules

(1) Certain uses treated as sales

Any manufacturer, producer, or importer of a vaccine which uses such vaccine before it is sold shall be liable for the tax imposed by section 4131 in the same manner as if such vaccine were sold by such manufacturer, producer, or importer.

(2) Treatment of vaccines shipped to United States possessions

Section 4221(a)(2) shall not apply to any vaccine shipped to a possession of the United States.

(3) Fractional part of a dose

In the case of a fraction of a dose, the tax imposed by section 4131 shall be the same fraction of the amount of such tax imposed by a whole dose.

(4) Disposition of revenues from Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands

The provisions of subsections (a)(3) and (b)(3) of section 7652 shall not apply to any tax imposed by section 4131.

(Added Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, §9201(a), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–329; amended Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2006(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3612; Pub. L. 105–34, title IX, §904(b), (c), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 873, 874; Pub. L. 105–277, div. C, title XV, §1503(a), div. J, title III, §3002(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–741, 2681–905; Pub. L. 106–170, title V, §523(a)(1), (b)(1), Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1927; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §§889(a), 890(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1643, 1644; Pub. L. 109–432, div. A, title IV, §408(a), (b), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 2962.)

Amendments

2006—Subsec. (a)(1)(O), (P). Pub. L. 109–432 added subpars. (O) and (P).

2004—Subsec. (a)(1)(I) to (M). Pub. L. 108–357, §889(a), added subpar. (I) and redesignated former subpars. (I) to (L) as (J) to (M), respectively.

Subsec. (a)(1)(N). Pub. L. 108–357, §890(a), added subpar. (N).

1999—Subsec. (a)(1)(K). Pub. L. 106–170, §523(b)(1), repealed Pub. L. 105–277, §1503(a). See 1998 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (a)(1)(L). Pub. L. 106–170, §523(a)(1), added subpar. (L).

1998—Subsec. (a)(1)(K). Pub. L. 105–277, §3002(a), added a subpar. (K) identical to that added by Pub. L. 105–277, §1503(a). See below.

Pub. L. 105–277, §1503(a), which directed amendment of section 4132(1) by adding a new subpar. (K) at the end, was repealed by Pub. L. 106–170, §523(b)(1).

1997—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105–34, §904(b), amended heading and text of par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The term ‘taxable vaccine’ means any vaccine—

“(A) which is listed in the table contained in section 4131(b)(1), and

“(B) which is manufactured or produced in the United States or entered into the United States for consumption, use, or warehousing.”

Subsec. (a)(2) to (8). Pub. L. 105–34, §904(c), redesignated pars. (6) to (8) as (2) to (4), respectively, and struck out former pars. (2) to (5) which read as follows:

“(2) DPT vaccine.—The term ‘DPT vaccine’ means any vaccine containing pertussis bacteria, extracted or partial cell bacteria, or specific pertussis antigens.

“(3) DT vaccine.—The term ‘DT vaccine’ means any vaccine (other than a DPT vaccine) containing diphtheria toxoid or tetanus toxoid.

“(4) MMR vaccine.—The term ‘MMR vaccine’ means any vaccine against measles, mumps, or rubella. Not more than 1 tax shall be imposed by section 4131 on any MMR vaccine by reason of being a vaccine against more than 1 of measles, mumps, or rubella.

“(5) Polio vaccine.—The term ‘polio vaccine’ means any vaccine containing polio virus.”

1988—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–647 added pars. (1) and (2) and redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as (3) and (4), respectively.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–432, div. A, title IV, §408(c), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 2962, provided that:

“(1) Sales, etc.—The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to sales and uses on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than 4 weeks after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 20, 2006].

“(2) Deliveries.—For purposes of paragraph (1) and section 4131 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, in the case of sales on or before the effective date described in such paragraph for which delivery is made after such date, the delivery date shall be considered the sale date.”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §889(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1643, provided that:

“(1) Sales, etc.—The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to sales and uses on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than 4 weeks after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].

“(2) Deliveries.—For purposes of paragraph (1) and section 4131 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, in the case of sales on or before the effective date described in such paragraph for which delivery is made after such date, the delivery date shall be considered the sale date.”

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §890(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1644, provided that:

“(1) Sales, etc.—The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to sales and uses on or after the later of—

“(A) the first day of the first month which begins more than 4 weeks after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004], or

“(B) the date on which the Secretary of Health and Human Services lists any vaccine against influenza for purposes of compensation for any vaccine-related injury or death through the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund.

“(2) Deliveries.—For purposes of paragraph (1) and section 4131 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, in the case of sales on or before the effective date described in such paragraph for which delivery is made after such date, the delivery date shall be considered the sale date.”

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–170, title V, §523(a)(2), Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1927, provided that:

“(A) Sales.—The amendment made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply to vaccine sales after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 1999], but shall not take effect if subsection (b) [see note below] does not take effect.

“(B) Deliveries.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of sales on or before the date described in such subparagraph for which delivery is made after such date, the delivery date shall be considered the sale date.”

Pub. L. 106–170, title V, §523(b)(3), Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1928, provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and section 9510 of this title and repealing provisions set out as notes under this section and section 9510 of this title] shall take effect as if included in the provisions of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999 [Pub. L. 105–277] to which they relate.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–277, div. C, title XV, §1503(b), div. I, title III, §3002(b), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–741, 2681–905, which provided that amendment of this section by Pub. L. 105–277 was applicable to sales after Oct. 21, 1998, and that delivery date would be considered sale date in the case of sales on or before Oct. 21, 1998, was repealed by Pub. L. 106–170, title V, §523(b)(1), Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1927.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34 effective on the day after Aug. 5, 1997, see section 904(d) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4131 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Section 2006(c) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 9510 of this title] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 9201 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 [Pub. L. 100–203].”

Limitation on Certain Credits or Refunds

Section 904(e) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “For purposes of applying section 4132(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to any claim for credit or refund filed before January 1, 1999, the amount of tax taken into account shall not exceed the tax computed under the rate in effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Subchapter D—Recreational Equipment

Part
I.
Sporting goods.
[II.
Repealed.]
III.
Firearms.

        

Amendments

1965—Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §205(b), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140, struck out item relating to part II.

PART I—SPORTING GOODS

Sec.
4161.
Imposition of tax.
4162.
Definitions; treatment of certain resales.

        

Amendments

1984—Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title X, §1015(d), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1019, added item 4162.

§4161. Imposition of tax

(a) Sport fishing equipment

(1) Imposition of tax

(A) In general

There is hereby imposed on the sale of any article of sport fishing equipment by the manufacturer, producer, or importer a tax equal to 10 percent of the price for which so sold.

(B) Limitation on tax imposed on fishing rods and poles

The tax imposed by subparagraph (A) on any fishing rod or pole shall not exceed $10.

(2) 3 percent rate of tax for electric outboard motors

In the case of an electric outboard motor, paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting “3 percent” for “10 percent”.

(3) 3 percent rate of tax for tackle boxes

In the case of fishing tackle boxes, paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting “3 percent” for “10 percent”.

(4) Parts or accessories sold in connection with taxable sale

In the case of any sale by the manufacturer, producer, or importer of any article of sport fishing equipment, such article shall be treated as including any parts or accessories of such article sold on or in connection therewith or with the sale thereof.

(b) Bows and arrows, etc.

(1) Bows

(A) In general

There is hereby imposed on the sale by the manufacturer, producer, or importer of any bow which has a peak draw weight of 30 pounds or more, a tax equal to 11 percent of the price for which so sold.

(B) Archery equipment

There is hereby imposed on the sale by the manufacturer, producer, or importer—

(i) of any part or accessory suitable for inclusion in or attachment to a bow described in subparagraph (A), and

(ii) of any quiver, broadhead, or point suitable for use with an arrow described in paragraph (2),


a tax equal to 11 percent of the price for which so sold.

(2) Arrows

(A) In general

There is hereby imposed on the first sale by the manufacturer, producer, or importer of any shaft (whether sold separately or incorporated as part of a finished or unfinished product) of a type used in the manufacture of any arrow which after its assembly—

(i) measures 18 inches overall or more in length, or

(ii) measures less than 18 inches overall in length but is suitable for use with a bow described in paragraph (1)(A),


a tax equal to 39 cents per shaft.

(B) Exemption for certain wooden arrow shafts

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any shaft consisting of all natural wood with no laminations or artificial means of enhancing the spine of such shaft (whether sold separately or incorporated as part of a finished or unfinished product) of a type used in the manufacture of any arrow which after its assembly—

(i) measures 5/16 of an inch or less in diameter, and

(ii) is not suitable for use with a bow described in paragraph (1)(A).

(C) Adjustment for inflation

(i) In general

In the case of any calendar year beginning after 2005, the 39-cent amount specified in subparagraph (A) shall be increased by an amount equal to the product of—

(I) such amount, multiplied by

(II) the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1(f)(3) for such calendar year, determined by substituting “2004” for “1992” in subparagraph (B) thereof.

(ii) Rounding

If any increase determined under clause (i) is not a multiple of 1 cent, such increase shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of 1 cent.

(3) Coordination with subsection (a)

No tax shall be imposed under this subsection with respect to any article taxable under subsection (a).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 489; Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §205(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140; Pub. L. 92–558, title II, §201(a), Oct. 25, 1972, 86 Stat. 1173; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title X, §§1015(a), 1017(a), (b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1017, 1021; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1899A(48), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2961; Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §1433(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1051; Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §§332(a)–(c), 333(a), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1477, 1478; Pub. L. 108–493, §1(a)–(c), Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3984; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11117(a), (b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1951; Pub. L. 109–135, title IV, §412(uu), Dec. 21, 2005, 119 Stat. 2640; Pub. L. 110–343, div. C, title V, §503(a), Oct. 3, 2008, 122 Stat. 3877.)

Inflation Adjusted Items for Certain Years

For inflation adjustment of certain items in this section, see Revenue Procedures listed in a table under section 1 of this title.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (b)(2)(B), (C). Pub. L. 110–343 added subpar. (B) and redesignated former subpar. (B) as (C).

2005—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, §11117(a), reenacted heading without change and amended text of par. (1) generally, designating existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserting subpar. heading, and adding subpar. (B).

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–135 amended heading and text of par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

“(A) In general.—In the case of an electric outboard motor or a sonar device suitable for finding fish, paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by substituting ‘3 percent’ for ‘10 percent’.

“(B) $30 limitation on tax imposed on sonar devices suitable for finding fish.—The tax imposed by paragraph (1)(A) on any sonar device suitable for finding fish shall not exceed $30.”

Pub. L. 109–59, §11117(b), substituted “paragraph (1)(A)” for “paragraph (1)” in two places.

2004—Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Pub. L. 108–357, §333(a), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 108–357, §332(a), reenacted heading without change and amended text of par. (1) generally, substituting provisions imposing a tax on the sale of any bow which has a peak draw weight of 30 pounds or more, any part or accessory, and any quiver or broadhead suitable for use with an arrow described in par. (2), for provisions imposing a tax on the sale of any bow which has a draw weight of 10 pounds or more, any part of accessory, and any quiver suitable for use with arrows described in par. (2).

Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 108–493, §1(c), substituted “quiver, broadhead, or point” for “quiver or broadhead”.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–493, §1(b), amended heading and text of par. (2) generally, substituting provisions relating to arrows for provisions relating to arrow components.

Pub. L. 108–357, §332(c), substituted “Arrow components” for “Arrows” in heading and inserted “(other than broadheads)” after “point” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(3), (4). Pub. L. 108–493, §1(a), repealed Pub. L. 108–357, §332(b). See note below.

Pub. L. 108–357, §332(b), which directed the amendment of subsec. (b) by adding par. (3), relating to arrows, and redesignating former par. (3) as (4), was repealed by Pub. L. 108–493, §1(a). See Construction of 2004 Amendment note below.

1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–34 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) consisted of pars. (1) to (3) imposing taxes on bows and arrows and parts and accessories and providing for coordination of taxes under subsecs. (a) and (b).

1986—Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 99–514 substituted a comma for the period at end.

1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369, §1015(a), in amending subsec. (a) generally, designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “any article of sport fishing equipment by the manufacturer, producer, or importer” for “fishing rods, creels, reels, and artificial lures, baits, and flies (including parts or accessories of such articles sold on or in connection therewith, or with the sale thereof) by the manufacturer, producer, or importer”, and added pars. (2) and (3).

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 98–369, §1017(a), designated existing provisions as cl. (i) and added cl. (ii).

Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 98–369, §1017(b)(2), struck out “(other than a fishing reel)” after “part or accessory”.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 98–369, §1017(b)(1), added par. (3).

1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–558, §201(a)(1), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and inserted catchline.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92–558, §201(a)(2), added subsec. (b).

1965—Pub. L. 89–44 removed 10 percent tax on equipment for billiards, pool, bowling, trap shooting, cricket, croquet, badminton, curling, deck tennis, golf, lacrosse, polo, skiing, squash, table tennis, and tennis, and retained tax only for fishing equipment.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–343, div. C, title V, §503(b), Oct. 3, 2008, 122 Stat. 3877, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to shafts first sold after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2008].”

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11117(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1951, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after September 30, 2005.”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendments

Pub. L. 108–493, §1(d), Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3985, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (b) and (c) [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after March 31, 2005.”

Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §332(d), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1478, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after the date which is 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §333(b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1478, provided that: “The amendments made this section [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after December 31, 2004.”

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Section 1433(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after September 30, 1997.”

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by section 1015(a) of Pub. L. 98–369 applicable with respect to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after Sept. 30, 1984, see section 1015(e) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4162 of this title.

Section 1017(c) of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after September 30, 1984.”

Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Section 201(b) of Pub. L. 92–558, as amended by Pub. L. 93–313, June 8, 1974, 88 Stat. 238, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) of this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof on or after January 1, 1975.”

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that:

“(1) In general.—Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendments made by titles I and II of this Act [enacting sections 4094 and 6424 of this title, amending this section and sections 4055, 4057, 4061, 4091, 4216, 4218, 4221, 4222, 4227, 6011, 6206, 6412, 6416, 6675, 7210, 7603, 7604, and 7605 of this title, repealing sections 4001 to 4003, 4011 to 4013, 4021, 4022, 4031, 4051 to 4053, 4111, 4121, 4131, 4141 to 4143, 4151, 4171 to 4173, 4191, 4192, 4201, 4211, and 4224 of this title, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 120 of Title 23, Highways] shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 21, 1965].

“(2) Special rules.—The amendments made by sections 201(b)(2) [amending section 4061 of this title] (relating to automobile parts and accessories) and 202(a) [amending section 4091 of this title] (relating to lubricating oil) shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1966. The amendments made by section 202(b) [enacting section 6424 of this title] and (c) [enacting section 4094 and amending sections 6206, 6675, 7210, 7603, 7604, and 7605 of this title] (relating to payments with respect to lubricating oil) shall take effect January 1, 1966. The amendments made by section 203 [repealing sections 4111, 4121, and 4131 of this title], insofar as they relate to the tax imposed by section 4131 (relating to electric light bulbs) of the Code, and the amendments made by section 208 [amending sections 4216, 4218, 4221, 4222, and 4227], insofar as they relate to the tax imposed by section 4061(b) (relating to automotive parts and accessories), section 4091 (relating to lubricating oil), or section 4131 (relating to electric light bulbs) of the Code, shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1966. The amendments made by section 207 [amending sections 4216 and 6416 of this title] (relating to partial payments; sales of installment accounts) and 209(a) [amending section 6412 of this title] (relating to floor stocks refunds on passenger automobiles, etc.) shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 21, 1965]. The amendments made by section 210 [amending provisions set out as a note under section 120 of Title 23, Highways] (relating to Highway Trust Fund) shall take effect January 1, 1966.

“(3) Installment sales, etc.—For purposes of paragraphs (1) and (2), an article shall not be considered sold before the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 21, 1965] or before January 1, 1966, as the case may be, unless possession or right to possession passes to the purchaser before such day or such date. In the case of—

“(A) a lease,

“(B) a contract for the sale of an article where it is provided that the price shall be paid by installments and title to the article sold does not pass until a future date notwithstanding partial payment by installments,

“(C) a conditional sale, or

“(D) a chattel mortgage arrangement wherein it is provided that the sale price shall be paid in installments,

entered into before such day or such date, payments made on or after such day or such date with respect to the article leased or sold shall, for purposes of this subsection, be considered as payments made with respect to an article sold on or after such day or such date, if the lessor or vendor establishes that the amount of payments payable on or after such day or such date with respect to such article has been reduced by an amount equal to the tax reduction applicable with respect to the lease or sale of such article.

“(4) Electric light bulbs used in manufacture of articles upon which tax is repealed.—For purposes of applying section 4218(a) of the Code with respect to the use of an electric light bulb or tube by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof, and for purposes of applying section 4221(d)(6)(A) of the Code with respect to the sale of an electric light bulb or tube for use in further manufacture, an article which was taxable under chapter 32 of the Code on the date of the enactment of this Act [June 21, 1965] shall, during the period beginning with the day after the date of the enactment of this Act through December 31, 1965, be treated as an article taxable under such chapter.”

Construction of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–493, §1(a), Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3984, provided that: “Subsection (b) of section 332 of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 [Pub. L. 108–357], and the amendments made by such subsection [amending this section], are hereby repealed; and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be applied as if such subsection and amendments had never been enacted.”

§4162. Definitions; treatment of certain resales

(a) Sport fishing equipment defined

For purposes of this part, the term “sport fishing equipment” means—

(1) fishing rods and poles (and component parts therefor),

(2) fishing reels,

(3) fly fishing lines, and other fishing lines not over 130 pounds test,

(4) fishing spears, spear guns, and spear tips,

(5) items of terminal tackle, including—

(A) leaders,

(B) artificial lures,

(C) artificial baits,

(D) artificial flies,

(E) fishing hooks,

(F) bobbers,

(G) sinkers,

(H) snaps,

(I) drayles, and

(J) swivels,


but not including natural bait or any item of terminal tackle designed for use and ordinarily used on fishing lines not described in paragraph (3), and

(6) the following items of fishing supplies and accessories—

(A) fish stringers,

(B) creels,

(C) tackle boxes,

(D) bags, baskets, and other containers designed to hold fish,

(E) portable bait containers,

(F) fishing vests,

(G) landing nets,

(H) gaff hooks,

(I) fishing hook disgorgers, and

(J) dressing for fishing lines and artificial flies,


(7) fishing tip-ups and tilts,

(8) fishing rod belts, fishing rodholders, fishing harnesses, fish fighting chairs, fishing outriggers, and fishing downriggers, and

(9) electric outboard boat motors.

(b) Treatment of certain resales

(1) In general

If—

(A) the manufacturer, producer, or importer sells any article taxable under section 4161(a) to any person,

(B) the constructive sale price rules of section 4216(b) do not apply to such sale, and

(C) such person (or any other person) sells such article to a related person with respect to the manufacturer, producer, or importer,


then such related person shall be liable for tax under section 4161 in the same manner as if such related person were the manufacturer of the article.

(2) Credit for tax previously paid

If—

(A) tax is imposed on the sale of any article by reason of paragraph (1), and

(B) the related person establishes the amount of the tax which was paid on the sale described in paragraph (1)(A),


the amount of the tax so paid shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by reason of paragraph (1).

(3) Related person

For purposes of this subsection, the term “related person” has the meaning given such term by section 465(b)(3)(C).

(4) Regulations

Except to the extent provided in regulations, rules similar to the rules of this subsection shall also apply in cases (not described in paragraph (1)) in which intermediaries or other devices are used for purposes of reducing the amount of the tax imposed by section 4161(a).

(Added Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title X, §1015(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1017; amended Pub. L. 99–514, title II, §201(d)(7)(C), (12), title XVIII, §1878(b), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2141, 2142, 2903; Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §334(a), (b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1478.)

Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a)(8) to (10). Pub. L. 108–357, §334(a), inserted “and” at end of par. (8), substituted a period for “, and” at end of par. (9), and struck out par. (10) which read as follows: “sonar devices suitable for finding fish.”

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 108–357, §334(b), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (b). Text read as follows: “For purposes of this part, the term ‘sonar device suitable for finding fish’ shall not include any sonar device which is—

“(1) a graph recorder,

“(2) a digital type,

“(3) a meter readout, or

“(4) a combination graph recorder or combination meter readout.”

1986—Subsec. (a)(6)(I). Pub. L. 99–514, §1878(b), amended subpar. (I) generally, substituting “hook” for “hood”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 99–514, §201(d)(7)(C), (12), made identical amendments, substituting “section 465(b)(3)(C)” for “section 168(e)(4)(D)”.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §334(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1478, provided that: “The amendments made this section [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after December 31, 2004.”

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by section 201(d)(7)(C), (12) of Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 1986, in taxable years ending after such date, with exceptions, see sections 203 and 204 of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 168 of this title.

Amendment by section 201(d)(7)(C), (12) of Pub. L. 99–514 not applicable to any property placed in service before Jan. 1, 1994, if such property placed in service as part of specified rehabilitations, and not applicable to certain additional rehabilitations, see section 251(d)(2), (3) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 46 of this title.

Amendment by section 1878(b) of Pub. L. 99–514 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, to which such amendment relates, see section 1881 of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.

Effective Date

Section 1015(e) of Pub. L. 98–369, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

“(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending sections 4161 and 6302 of this title] shall apply with respect to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after September 30, 1984.

“(2) Treatment of certain resales.—Subsection (c) of section 4162 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (relating to treatment of certain resales), as added by this section, shall apply to sales by related persons (as defined in such subsection) after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 18, 1984].”

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

[PART II—REPEALED]

[§§4171 to 4173. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §205(b), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140]

Section 4171, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 489, imposed a 10 percent tax on cameras, camera lenses, and unexposed photographic film on rolls and a 5 percent tax on electric motion or still picture projectors of the household type.

Section 4172, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 490, defined certain vendees of unexposed films as manufacturers for purposes of payment of the tax imposed by section 4171.

Section 4173, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 490, granted exemptions for specified types of cameras, lenses of specified focal lengths, and certain types of film.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 84–44, set out as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4161 of this title.

PART III—FIREARMS

Sec.
4181.
Imposition of tax.
4182.
Exemptions.

        

§4181. Imposition of tax

There is hereby imposed upon the sale by the manufacturer, producer, or importer of the following articles a tax equivalent to the specified percent of the price for which so sold:

Articles taxable at 10 percent—

Pistols.

Revolvers.

Articles taxable at 11 percent—

Firearms (other than pistols and revolvers).

Shells, and cartridges.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 490.)

§4182. Exemptions

(a) Machine guns and short barrelled firearms

The tax imposed by section 4181 shall not apply to any firearm on which the tax provided by section 5811 has been paid.

(b) Sales to defense department

No firearms, pistols, revolvers, shells, and cartridges purchased with funds appropriated for the military department shall be subject to any tax imposed on the sale or transfer of such articles.

(c) Small manufacturers, etc.

(1) In general

The tax imposed by section 4181 shall not apply to any pistol, revolver, or firearm described in such section if manufactured, produced, or imported by a person who manufactures, produces, and imports less than an aggregate of 50 of such articles during the calendar year.

(2) Controlled groups

All persons treated as a single employer for purposes of subsection (a) or (b) of section 52 shall be treated as one person for purposes of paragraph (1).

(d) Records

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 922(b)(5) and 923(g) of title 18, United States Code, no person holding a Federal license under chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, shall be required to record the name, address, or other information about the purchaser of shotgun ammunition, ammunition suitable for use only in rifles generally available in commerce, or component parts for the aforesaid types of ammunition.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 490; Pub. L. 91–128, §5, Nov. 26, 1969, 83 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11131(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1959.)

Amendments

2005—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 109–59 added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).

1969—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–128 added subsec. (c).

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11131(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1959, provided that:

“(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer after September 30, 2005.

“(2) No inference.—Nothing in the amendments made by this section shall be construed to create any inference with respect to the proper tax treatment of any sales before the effective date of such amendments.”

Short Title of 1969 Amendment

Section 1(a) of Pub. L. 91–128 provided that: “This Act [amending this section and sections 4911, 4912, 4914, 4915, 4919, 4920, 6011, and 6680 of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 6680 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Interest Equalization Tax Extension Act of 1969’.”

Subchapter E—Medical Devices

Sec.
4191.
Medical devices.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter E consisted of sections 4191, 4192, 4201, and 4211 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §206, title VII, §701(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140, 155, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965.

Section 4191, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 491, imposed a tax equivalent to 10 percent of the selling price upon over fifty specified office and business machines including adding machines, bookkeeping machines, cash registers, punch card and computing machines, typewriters, and tabulating machines.

Section 4192, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 491; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §114(a), 72 Stat. 1278, granted an exemption for cash registers used in registering over-the-counter retail sales and for stencil cutting machines.

Section 4201, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 492; Sept. 14, 1960, Pub. L. 86–779, §9(a), 74 Stat. 1003, imposed a tax equivalent to 10 percent of the selling price on mechanical pencils, fountain pens, and ballpoint pens and 10 cents on mechanical cigarette lighters.

Section 4211, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 492, imposed a tax of 2 cents per 1,000 for matches, except fancy wooden matches, and a tax of 5½ cents per 1,000 on fancy wooden matches.

§4191. Medical devices

(a) In general

There is hereby imposed on the sale of any taxable medical device by the manufacturer, producer, or importer a tax equal to 2.3 percent of the price for which so sold.

(b) Taxable medical device

For purposes of this section—

(1) In general

The term “taxable medical device” means any device (as defined in section 201(h) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act) intended for humans.

(2) Exemptions

Such term shall not include—

(A) eyeglasses,

(B) contact lenses,

(C) hearing aids, and

(D) any other medical device determined by the Secretary to be of a type which is generally purchased by the general public at retail for individual use.

(Added Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1405(a)(1), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1064.)

References in Text

Section 201(h) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is classified to section 321(h) of Title 21, Food and Drugs.

Prior Provisions

For prior sections 4191, 4192, 4201, and 4211, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding this section.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1405(c), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1065, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending sections 4221 and 6416 of this title] shall apply to sales after December 31, 2012.”

Subchapter F—Special Provisions Applicable to Manufacturers Tax

Sec.
4216.
Definition of price.
4217.
Leases.
4218.
Use by manufacturer or importer considered sale.
4219.
Application of tax in case of sales by other than manufacturer or importer.
[4220 to 4225. Repealed.]

        

Amendments

1958—Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §§117(d), 119(b)(3), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1281, 1286, substituted “Leases” for “Lease considered sale” in item 4217, and struck out items 4220 to 4225.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §207(b), 70 Stat. 392, added item 4226 and redesignated former item 4226 as 4227.

§4216. Definition of price

(a) Containers, packing and transportation charges.

In determining, for the purposes of this chapter, the price for which an article is sold, there shall be included any charge for coverings and containers of whatever nature, and any charge incident to placing the article in condition packed ready for shipment, but there shall be excluded the amount of tax imposed by this chapter, whether or not stated as a separate charge. A transportation, delivery, insurance, installation, or other charge (not required by the foregoing sentence to be included) shall be excluded from the price only if the amount thereof is established to the satisfaction of the Secretary in accordance with the regulations.

(b) Constructive sale price

(1) In general

If an article is—

(A) sold at retail,

(B) sold on consignment, or

(C) sold (otherwise than through an arm's length transaction) at less than the fair market price,


the tax under this chapter shall (if based on the price for which the article is sold) be computed on the price for which such articles are sold, in the ordinary course of trade, by manufacturers or producers thereof, as determined by the Secretary. In the case of an article sold at retail, the computation under the preceding sentence shall be on whichever of the following prices is the lower: (i) the price for which such article is sold, or (ii) the highest price for which such articles are sold to wholesale distributors, in the ordinary course of trade, by manufacturers or producers thereof, as determined by the Secretary. This paragraph shall not apply if paragraph (2) applies.

(2) Special rule

If an article is sold at retail or to a retailer, and if—

(A) the manufacturer, producer, or importer of such article regularly sells such articles at retail or to retailers, as the case may be,

(B) the manufacturer, producer, or importer of such article regularly sells such articles to one or more wholesale distributors in arm's length transactions and he establishes that his prices in such cases are determined without regard to any tax benefit under this paragraph, and

(C) the transaction is an arm's length transaction,


the tax under this chapter shall (if based on the price for which the article is sold) be computed on whichever of the following prices is the lower: (i) the price for which such article is sold, or (ii) the highest price for which such articles are sold by such manufacturer, producer, or importer to wholesale distributors (other than special dealers).

(3) Constructive sale price in case of certain articles

Except as provided in paragraph (4), for purposes of paragraph (1), if—

(A) the manufacturer, producer, or importer of an article regularly sells such article to a distributor which is a member of the same affiliated group of corporations (as defined in section 1504(a)) as the manufacturer, producer, or importer, and

(B) such distributor regularly sells such article to one or more independent retailers, but does not regularly sell to wholesale distributors,


the constructive sale price of such article shall be 90 percent of the lowest price for which such distributor regularly sells such article in arm's-length transactions to such independent retailers. The price determined under this paragraph shall not be adjusted for any exclusion (except for the tax imposed on such article) or readjustments under subsections (a) and (e) and under section 6416(b)(1). If both this paragraph and paragraph (4) apply with respect to an article, the constructive sale price for such article shall be the lower of the constructive sale price determined under this paragraph or paragraph (4).

(4) Constructive sale price in case of certain other articles

For purposes of paragraph (1), if—

(A) the manufacturer, producer, or importer of an article regularly sells (except for tax-free sales) only to a distributor which is a member of the same affiliated group of corporations (as defined in section 1504(a)) as the manufacturer, producer, or importer,

(B) the distributor regularly sells (except for tax-free sales) such article only to retailers, and

(C) the normal method of sales for such articles within the industry by manufacturers, producers, or importers is to sell such articles in arm's-length transactions to distributors,


the constructive sale price for such article shall be the price at which such article is sold to retailers by the distributor, reduced by a percentage of such price equal to the percentage which (i) the difference between the price for which comparable articles are sold to wholesale distributors, in the ordinary course of trade, by manufacturers or producers thereof, and the price at which such wholesale distributors in arm's-length transactions sell such comparable articles to retailers, is of (ii) the price at which such wholesale distributors in arm's-length transactions sell such comparable articles to retailers. The price determined under this paragraph shall not be adjusted for any exclusion (except for the tax imposed on such article) or readjustment under subsections (a) and (e) and under section 6416(b)(1).

(5) Definition of lowest price

For purposes of paragraphs (1) and (3), the lowest price shall be determined—

(A) without requiring that any given percentage of sales be made at that price, and

(B) without including any fixed amount to which the purchaser has a right as a result of contractual arrangements existing at the time of the sale.

(c) Partial payments

In the case of—

(1) a lease (other than a lease to which section 4217(b) applies),

(2) a contract for the sale of an article wherein it is provided that the price shall be paid by installments and title to the article sold does not pass until a future date notwithstanding partial payment by installments,

(3) a conditional sale, or

(4) a chattel mortgage arrangement wherein it is provided that the sales price shall be paid in installments,


there shall be paid upon each payment with respect to the article a percentage of such payment equal to the rate of tax in effect on the date such payment is due.

(d) Sales of installment accounts

If installment accounts, with respect to payments on which tax is being computed as provided in subsection (c), are sold or otherwise disposed of, then subsection (c) shall not apply with respect to any subsequent payments on such accounts (other than subsequent payments on returned accounts with respect to which credit or refund is allowable by reason of section 6416(b)(5)), but instead—

(1) there shall be paid an amount equal to the difference between (A) the tax previously paid on the payments on such installment accounts, and (B) the total tax which would be payable if such installment accounts had not been sold or otherwise disposed of (computed as provided in subsection (c)); except that

(2) if any such sale is pursuant to the order of, or subject to the approval of, a court of competent jurisdiction in a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding, the amount computed under paragraph (1) shall not exceed the sum of the amounts computed by multiplying (A) the proportionate share of the amount for which such accounts are sold which is allocable to each unpaid installment payment by (B) the rate of tax under this chapter in effect on the date such unpaid installment payment is or was due.


The sum of the amounts payable under this subsection and subsection (c) in respect of the sale of any article shall not exceed the total tax.

(e) Exclusion of local advertising charge from sale price

(1) Exclusion

In determining, for purposes of this chapter, the price for which an article is sold, there shall be excluded a charge for local advertising (as defined in paragraph (4)) to the extent that such charge—

(A) does not exceed 5 percent of the price for which the article is sold (as determined under this section by excluding any charge for local advertising),

(B) is a separate charge made when the article is sold, and

(C) is intended to be refunded to the purchaser or any subsequent vendee in reimbursement of costs incurred for local advertising.


In the case of any such charge (or portion thereof) which is not so refunded before the first day of the fifth calendar month following the calendar year during which the article was sold, the exclusion provided by the preceding sentence shall cease to apply as of such first day.

(2) Aggregate amount which may be excluded

In the case of articles upon the sale of which tax was imposed under the same section of this chapter—

(A) The sum of (i) the aggregate of the charges for local advertising excluded under paragraph (1), plus (ii) the aggregate of the readjustments for local advertising under section 6416(b)(1) (relating to credits or refunds for price readjustments), shall not exceed

(B) 5 percent of the aggregate of the prices (determined under this section by excluding all charges for local advertising) at which such articles were sold in sales on which tax was imposed by such section of this chapter.


The preceding sentence shall be applied to each manufacturer, producer, and importer as of the close of each calendar quarter, taking into account the items specified in subparagraphs (A) and (B) for such calendar quarter and preceding calendar quarters in the same calendar year.

(3) No adjustment for other advertising charges

Except to the extent provided by paragraphs (1) and (2), no charge or expenditure for advertising shall serve, for purposes of this section or section 6416(b)(1), as the basis for an exclusion from, or as a readjustment of, the price of any article.

(4) Local advertising defined

For purposes of this section and section 6416(b)(1), the term “local advertising” means only advertising which—

(A) is initiated or obtained by the purchaser or any subsequent vendee,

(B) names the article for which the price is determinable under this section and states the location at which such article may be purchased at retail, and

(C) is broadcast over a radio station or television station, appears in a newspaper or magazine, or is displayed by means of an outdoor advertising sign or poster.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 493; Aug. 9, 1955, ch. 677, §§1, 2, 69 Stat. 613; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §§115, 116, 117(b), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1279–1281; Pub. L. 86–781, §1, Sept. 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 1017; Pub. L. 87–770, §2(a), Oct. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 768; Pub. L. 87–858, §1(a), Oct. 23, 1962, 76 Stat. 1134; Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §§207(a), (b), 208(a), (b), title VIII, §801(b), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 140, 141, 158; Pub. L. 91–172, title IX, §932(a), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 725; Pub. L. 91–614, title III, §301(a), (b), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1844; Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(g)(4), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 533; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1904(a)(2), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811, 1834; Pub. L. 95–458, §1(a), (b), Oct. 14, 1978, 92 Stat. 1255; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(6), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 982.)

Amendments

1984—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(6)(A), in provisions following subpar. (C) struck out “(other than an article the sale of which is taxable under section 4061(a))” in second sentence, before “the computation under the preceding sentence”, and struck out provision that in the case of an article the sale of which is taxable under section 4061(a) and which is sold at retail, the computation under the first sentence of this paragraph shall be a percentage (not greater than 100 percent) of the actual selling price based on the highest price for which such articles are sold by manufacturers and producers in the ordinary course of trade (determined without regard to any individual manufacturer's or producer's cost).

Subsec. (b)(2)(B) to (D). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(6)(B), inserted “and” at end of subpar. (B), redesignated subpar. (D) as (C), and struck out former subpar. (C) which related to articles upon which tax is imposed under section 4061(a) of this title.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(6)(D), substituted “paragraph (4)” for “paragraphs (4) and (5)”.

Subsec. (b)(5), (6). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(6)(C), (E), redesignated par. (6) as par. (5), substituted “(1) and (3)” for “(1), (3) and (5)”, and struck out former par. (5) which related to constructive sale price in the case of automobiles, trucks, etc.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(6)(F), struck out subsec. (f) which related to certain trucks incorporating used components.

1978—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 95–458 substituted “article sold at retail (other than an article the sale of which is taxable under section 4061(a)), the computation” for “article sold at retail, the computation” and inserted provision requiring the computation of tax on articles taxable under section 4061(a) which are sold at retail to be a percentage, but not greater than 100% of the actual selling price based on the highest price for which the articles are sold by manufacturers and producers in the ordinary course of trade, determined without regard to individual manufacturer's or producer's cost.

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1904(a)(2)(B), 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” in two places in par. (1), and substituted “subsections (a) and (e)” for “subsections (a) and (f)” in pars. (3), (4), and (5), after “or readjustments under”.

Subsecs. (d) to (g). Pub. L. 94–455, §1904(a)(2)(A), redesignated subsecs. (e) to (g) as (d) to (f), respectively.

1971—Subsec. (b)(2)(C), (5). Pub. L. 92–178, §401(g)(4)(A), substituted “(relating to trucks, buses, tractor, etc.)” for “(relating to automobiles, trucks, etc.)”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 92–178, §401(g)(4)(B), inserted reference to “tractors,” after “buses,”.

1970—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 91–614, §301(b), substituted “Constructive sale price” for “Fair market price” in heading, “constructive sale price” for “fair market price” three places in text, substituted “paragraphs (4) and (5)” for “paragraph (4)” and “paragraph (1)” for “paragraph (1)(C)”.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 91–614, §301(b)(2), substituted “Constructive sale price” for “Fair market price” in heading, “constructive sale price” for “fair market price” in text, and “paragraph (1)” for “paragraph (1)(C)”.

Subsec. (b)(5), (6). Pub. L. 91–614, §301(a), added pars. (5) and (6).

1969—Subsec. (b)(3), (4). Pub. L. 91–172 added pars. (3) and (4).

1965—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(a), struck out reference to special dealers and to articles upon which tax is imposed under section 4191 or 4211 of this title.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(b), struck out par. (3) which related to special dealers.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–44, §207(a), struck out “that portion of the total tax which is proportionate to the portion of the total amount to be paid represented by such payment” in text following par. (4) and inserted in lieu thereof “a percentage of such payment equal to the rate of tax in effect on the date such payment is due”.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 89–44, §207(b)(1), substituted “total tax which would be payable if such installment accounts had not been sold or otherwise disposed of (computed as provided in subsection (c)) for “total tax”.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 89–44, §207(b)(2), substituted, as factor (A) in the formula for computing the maximum amount, the proportionate share of the amount for which such accounts are sold which is allocable to each unpaid installment payment for the amount for which such accounts are sold, and, as factor (B) in the formula, the rate of tax on the date that such unpaid installment payment is or was due for the rate of tax which applied on the day on which the transaction giving rise to such installment accounts took place.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 89–44, §801(b), added subsec. (g).

1962—Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 87–858 inserted “in the case of articles upon which tax is imposed under section 4061(a) (relating to automobiles, trucks, etc.), 4191 (relating to business machines), or 4211 (relating to matches),” before “the normal method”.

Subsec. (f)(4)(C). Pub. L. 87–770 substituted “, appears in a newspaper or magazine, or is displayed by means of an outdoor advertising sign or poster” for “or appears in a newspaper”.

1960—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 86–781 added subsec. (f).

1958—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–859, §115, inserted provisions in par. (1) requiring, in the case of an article sold at retail, the computation to be on either the price for which the article is sold, or the highest price for which the articles are sold to wholesale distributors, in the ordinary course of trade, by manufacturers or producers thereof, whichever is lower, and added pars. (2) and (3).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 85–859, §117(b), substituted “section 4217(b)” for “subsection (d)”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 85–859, §117(b), repealed subsec. (d) which related to tax on leases of certain trailers.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 85–859, §116, added subsec. (e).

1955—Subsec. (c)(1). Act Aug. 9, 1955, §1, inserted “(other than a lease to which subsection (d) applies)”.

Subsec. (d). Act Aug. 9, 1955, §2, added subsec. (d).

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Section 1(c) of Pub. L. 95–458 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to articles sold by the manufacturer or producer on or after the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning 30 days or more after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 14, 1978].”

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 1904(a)(2) of Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1971 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 92–178 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after the day after Dec. 10, 1971, see section 401(h)(1) of Pub. L. 92–178, set out as a note under section 4061 of this title.

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Section 301(c) of Pub. L. 91–614, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold after December 31, 1970; except that section 4216(b)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (as added by subsection (a)) shall also apply to (1) the application of paragraph (1) of such section 4216(b) to articles sold after June 30, 1962, and before January 1, 1971, and (2) the application of paragraph (3) of such section 4216(b) to articles sold after December 31, 1969, and before January 1, 1971.”

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Section 932(b) of Pub. L. 91–172 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold after December 31, 1969.”

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by section 207(a), (b) of Pub. L. 89–44 effective June 22, 1965, and amendment by section 208 of Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, except insofar as such amendments related to the taxes imposed by sections 4061(b), 4091, or 4131 and, as to such taxes, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1966, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4161 of this title.

Section 801(e) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a), (b), and (d) [amending this section and sections 4063, 4221, and 6416 of this title] shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 21, 1965]. The amendment made by subsection (c) [amending section 4221 of this title] shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1965.”

Effective Date of 1962 Amendments

Section 1(b) of Pub. L. 87–858 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer on or after October 1, 1962.”

Section 2(b) of Pub. L. 87–770 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning more than 20 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 9, 1962].”

Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Section 3 of Pub. L. 86–781 provided that: “The amendments made by this Act [amending this section and section 6416 of this title] shall apply with respect to articles sold on or after the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning more than twenty days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 14, 1960].”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–859 effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

Effective Date of 1955 Amendment

Section 4 of act Aug. 9, 1955, as amended by act Oct. 22, 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, §2, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [probably should refer to amendments made by sections 1 to 3 of act Aug. 9, 1955, amending this section and section 4217 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first month which begins more than 10 days after the date of the enactment of this act [Aug. 9, 1955]. In the application of section 4216(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (as added by this Act) to any article which has been leased before the effective date specified in the preceding sentence, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate—

“(1) the fair market value of such article shall be the fair market value determined as of such effective date;

“(2) only payments under a lease received on or after such effective date shall be considered in determining when the total tax (as defined in such section 4216(d)) has been paid;

“(3) any lease existing on such effective date, or if there is none, the first lease entered into after such effective date, shall be considered an initial lease (except that fair market value shall be determined as provided in paragraph (1) of this sentence); and

“(4) any lease existing on such effective date shall be considered as having been entered into on such date.”

§4217. Leases

(a) Lease considered as sale

For purposes of this chapter, the lease of an article (including any renewal or any extension of a lease or any subsequent lease of such article) by the manufacturer, producer, or importer shall be considered a sale of such article.

(b) Limitation on tax

In the case of any lease described in subsection (a) of an article taxable under this chapter, if the tax under this chapter is based on the price for which such articles are sold, there shall be paid on each lease payment with respect to such article a percentage of such payment equal to the rate of tax in effect on the date of such payment, until the total of the tax payments under such lease and any prior lease to which this subsection applies equals the total tax.

(c) Definition of total tax

For purposes of this section, the term “total tax” means—

(1) except as provided in paragraph (2), the tax computed on the constructive sale price for such article which would be determined under section 4216(b) if such article were sold at retail on the date of the first lease to which subsection (b) applies; or

(2) if the first lease to which subsection (b) applies is not the first lease of the article, the tax computed on the fair market value of such article on the date of the first lease to which subsection (b) applies.


Any such computation of tax shall be made at the applicable rate specified in this chapter in effect on the date of the first lease to which subsection (b) applies.

(d) Special rules

(1) Lessor must also be engaged in selling

Subsection (b) shall not apply to any lease of an article unless at the time of making the lease, or any prior lease of such article to which subsection (b) applies, the person making the lease or prior lease was also engaged in the business of selling in arm's length transactions the same type and model of article.

(2) Sale before total tax becomes payable

If the taxpayer sells an article before the total tax has become payable, then the tax payable on such sale shall be whichever of the following is the smaller:

(A) the difference between (i) the tax imposed on lease payments under leases of such article to which subsection (b) applies, and (ii) the total tax, or

(B) a tax computed, at the rate in effect on the date of the sale, on the price for which the article is sold.


For purposes of subparagraph (B), if the sale is at arm's length, section 4216(b) shall not apply.

(3) Sale after total tax has become payable

If the taxpayer sells an article after the total tax has become payable, no tax shall be imposed under this chapter on such sale.

(e) Leases of automobiles subject to gas guzzler tax

(1) In general

In the case of the lease of an automobile the sale of which by the manufacturer would be taxable under section 4064, the foregoing provisions of this section shall not apply, but, for purposes of this chapter—

(A) the first lease of such automobile by the manufacturer shall be considered to be a sale, and

(B) any lease of such automobile by the manufacturer after the first lease of such automobile shall not be considered to be a sale.

(2) Payment of tax

In the case of a lease described in paragraph (1)(A)—

(A) there shall be paid by the manufacturer on each lease payment that portion of the total gas guzzler tax which bears the same ratio to such total gas guzzler tax as such payment bears to the total amount to be paid under such lease,

(B) if such lease is canceled, or the automobile is sold or otherwise disposed of, before the total gas guzzler tax is payable, there shall be paid by the manufacturer on such cancellation, sale, or disposition the difference between the tax imposed under subparagraph (A) on the lease payments and the total gas guzzler tax, and

(C) if the automobile is sold or otherwise disposed of after the total gas guzzler tax is payable, no tax shall be imposed under section 4064 on such sale or disposition.

(3) Definitions

For purposes of this subsection—

(A) Manufacturer

The term “manufacturer” includes a producer or importer.

(B) Total gas guzzler tax

The term “total gas guzzler tax” means the tax imposed by section 4064, computed at the rate in effect on the date of the first lease.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 494; Aug. 9, 1955, ch. 677, §3, 69 Stat. 614; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §117(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1280; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904 (a)(3), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §201(d), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3184.)

Amendments

1978—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–618 added subsec. (e).

1976—Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out par. (4) relating to special transitional rules applicable to leases.

1958—Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “Leases” for “Lease considered as sale” in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–859 redesignated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and struck out provisions which made subsection inapplicable to the lease of an article upon which the tax has been paid in the manner provided in section 4216(d)(1) or the total tax has been paid in the manner provided in section 4216(d)(2) of this title.

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 85–859 added subsecs. (b) to (d).

1955—Act Aug. 9, 1955, exempted lease of an article upon which tax has been paid under section 4216(d)(1) or section 4216(d)(2) of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–618 applicable with respect to 1980 and later model year automobiles, see section 201(g) of Pub. L. 95–618, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4064 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–859 effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

Effective Date of 1955 Amendment

Section effective on first day of first month which begins more than ten days after Aug. 9, 1955, see section 4 of act Aug. 9, 1955, set out as a note under section 4216 of this title.

Application of Leases of Utility Trailers

Section 117(c) of Pub. L. 85–859, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section 4216 of this title] shall not apply to any lease of an article if section 4216(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954, prior subsec. (d) of section 4216 of this title] applied to any lease of such article before the effective date specified in section 1(c) of this Act.”

§4218. Use by manufacturer or importer considered sale

(a) General rule

If any person manufactures, produces, or imports an article (other than a tire taxable under section 4071) and uses it (otherwise than as material in the manufacture or production of, or as a component part of, another article taxable under this chapter to be manufactured or produced by him), then he shall be liable for tax under this chapter in the same manner as if such article were sold by him. This subsection shall not apply in the case of gasoline used by any person, for nonfuel purposes, as a material in the manufacture or production of another article to be manufactured or produced by him. For the purpose of applying the first sentence of this subsection to coal taxable under section 4121, the words “(otherwise than as material in the manufacture or production of, or as a component part of, another article taxable under this chapter to be manufactured or produced by him)” shall be disregarded.

(b) Tires

If any person manufactures, produces, or imports a tire taxable under section 4071, and sells it on or in connection with the sale of any article, or uses it, then he shall be liable for tax under this chapter in the same manner as if such article were sold by him.

(c) Computation of tax

Except as provided in section 4223(b), in any case in which a person is made liable for tax by the preceding provisions of this section, the tax (if based on the price for which the article is sold) shall be computed on the price at which such or similar articles are sold, in the ordinary course of trade, by manufacturers, producers, or importers, thereof, as determined by the Secretary.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 494; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 805, §1(a), (b), 69 Stat. 689; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §118, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1281; Pub. L. 86–418, §2(a), Apr. 8, 1960, 74 Stat. 38; Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §205(b), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 126; Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §208(c), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 141; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–227, §2(b)(1), Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 11; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(7), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 983.)

Amendments

1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(7)(D), substituted “(other than a tire taxable under section 4071)” for “(other than an article specified in subsection (b), (c), or (d))”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(7)(A), (B), struck out “and tubes” after “Tires” in heading, and in text substituted “If” for “Except as provided in subsection (d), if”, and struck out “or inner tube” before “taxable under section 4071”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(7)(C), redesignated subsec. (e) as (c). Former subsec. (c), which related to automotive parts and accessories, was struck out.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(7)(C), struck out subsec. (d) which related to bicycle tires and tubes.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(7)(C), redesignated subsec. (e) as (c).

1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–227 inserted provisions relating to applying first sentence of this subsection to coal taxable under section 4121 of this title.

1976—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

1965—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(c)(1), (2), struck out references to automobile receiving sets from heading, and “or an automobile radio or television receiving set taxable under section 4141,” before “and sells it”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(c)(3), (4), struck out reference to radio components and camera lenses from heading, and “a radio or television component taxable under section 4141, or a camera lens taxable under section 4171,” before “and uses it”.

1961—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–61 inserted sentence making subsection inapplicable in the case of gasoline used by any person, for nonfuel purposes, as a material in the manufacture or production of another article to be manufactured or produced by him.

1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–418, §2(a)(1), substituted “subsection (b), (c), or (d)” for “subsection (b) or (c)”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 86–418, §2(a)(2), substituted “Except as provided in subsection (d), if any” for “If any.”

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 86–418, §2(a)(3), added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).

1958—Pub. L. 85–859 amended section generally, striking out provisions which related to refrigerator components and to sales free of tax by virtue of section 4220 or 4224 of this title, and substituting provisions making manufacturers, producers and importers of parts or accessories taxable under section 4061(b), radio or television components taxable under section 4141, or camera lenses taxable under section 4171 liable for the tax if they use the parts or accessories otherwise than as material in the manufacture or production of, or as component parts of, any other article to be manufactured or produced by them, for provisions which made section inapplicable with respect to such parts if they were used by them as material in the manufacture or production of, or as a component part of, any article.

1955—Subsec. (a)(1). Act Aug. 11, 1955, §1(a), inserted as tax exempt articles under this chapter, automobile parts or accessories, refrigerator, radio, or television components, or camera lenses taxable under section 4061(b), 4111, or 4171, respectively, of this title.

Subsec. (b). Act Aug. 11, 1955, §1(b), excepted from application of section automobile parts or accessories, refrigerator, radio, or television components, and camera lenses, taxable under sections 4061(b), 4111, 4141, and 4171, respectively, of this title, when for use by the purchaser in the manufacture or production of, or as a component part of, any article.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–227 applicable with respect to sales after Mar. 31, 1978, see section 2(d) of Pub. L. 95–227, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4121 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, except insofar as such amendments related to the taxes imposed by sections 4061(b), 4091, and 4131 and, as to such taxes, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1966, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4161 of this title.

Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–61 applicable only in the case of gasoline used on or after October 1, 1961, see section 208 of Pub. L. 87–61, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–418 applicable only with respect to bicycle tires and tubes sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than 10 days after April 8, 1960, see section 4 of Pub. L. 86–418, set out as a note under section 4221 of this title.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–859 effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1 (c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

Effective Date of 1955 Amendment

Amendment by act Aug. 11, 1955, effective on first day of first month which begins more than ten days after Aug. 11, 1955, see section 3 of act Aug. 11, 1955, set out as a note under section 6416 of this title.

§4219. Application of tax in case of sales by other than manufacturer or importer

In case any person acquires from the manufacturer, producer, or importer of an article, by operation of law or as a result of any transaction not taxable under this chapter, the right to sell such article, the sale of such article by such person shall be taxable under this chapter as if made by the manufacturer, producer, or importer, and such person shall be liable for the tax.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 494.)

[§§4220 to 4225. Repealed. Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1282]

Section 4220, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 494; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 805, §1(c), 69 Stat. 689, related to exemption for sales or resales to manufacturers. See section 4221 et seq. of this title.

For sections 4221 to 4225, see Prior Provisions notes set out under sections 4221 to 4225 of this title.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

Subchapter G—Exemptions, Registration, Etc.

Sec.
4221.
Certain tax-free sales.
4222.
Registration.
4223.
Special rules relating to further manufacture.
[4224.
Repealed.]
4225.
Exemption of articles manufactured or produced by Indians.
[4226.
Repealed.]
4227.
Cross reference.

        

Amendments

1986—Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1899A(74), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2963, substituted “reference” for “references” in item 4227.

1983—Pub. L. 97–473, title II, §202(b)(9), Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2610, purported to substitute “Cross references” for “Cross reference” in item 4227. No change in text was required because item 4227 as originally enacted by section 119(a) of Pub. L. 85–859 already read “Cross references”.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(b)(3), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1815, struck out item 4226 “Floor stocks taxes”.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44, title I, §101(b)(5), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 136, struck out item 4224 “Exemption for articles taxable as jewelry.”

1958—Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1282, added subchapter heading and section analysis.

§4221. Certain tax-free sales

(a) General rule

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under this chapter (other than under section 4121 or 4081) on the sale by the manufacturer (or under subchapter A or C of chapter 31 on the first retail sale) of an article—

(1) for use by the purchaser for further manufacture, or for resale by the purchaser to a second purchaser for use by such second purchaser in further manufacture,

(2) for export, or for resale by the purchaser to a second purchaser for export,

(3) for use by the purchaser as supplies for vessels or aircraft,

(4) to a State or local government for the exclusive use of a State or local government,

(5) to a nonprofit educational organization for its exclusive use, or

(6) to a qualified blood collector organization (as defined in section 7701(a)(49)) for such organization's exclusive use in the collection, storage, or transportation of blood,


but only if such exportation or use is to occur before any other use. Paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) shall not apply to the tax imposed by section 4064. In the case of taxes imposed by section 4051,1 or 4071, paragraphs (4) and (5) shall not apply on and after April 1, 2012. In the case of the tax imposed by section 4131, paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) shall not apply and paragraph (2) shall apply only if the use of the exported vaccine meets such requirements as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe. In the case of taxes imposed by subchapter A of chapter 31, paragraphs (1), (3), (4), and (5) shall not apply. In the case of taxes imposed by subchapter C or D, paragraph (6) shall not apply. In the case of the tax imposed by section 4191, paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6) shall not apply.

(b) Proof of resale for further manufacture; proof of export

Where an article has been sold free of tax under subsection (a)—

(1) for resale by the purchaser to a second purchaser for use by such second purchaser in further manufacture, or

(2) for export, or for resale by the purchaser to a second purchaser for export,


subsection (a) shall cease to apply in respect of such sale of such article unless, within the 6-month period which begins on the date of the sale by the manufacturer (or, if earlier, on the date of shipment by the manufacturer), the manufacturer receives proof that the article has been exported or resold for use in further manufacture.

(c) Manufacturer relieved from liability in certain cases

In the case of any article sold free of tax under this section (other than a sale to which subsection (b) applies), and in the case of any article sold free of tax under section 4001(c), 4001(d), or 4053(6), if the manufacturer in good faith accepts a certification by the purchaser that the article will be used in accordance with the applicable provisions of law, no tax shall thereafter be imposed under this chapter in respect of such sale by such manufacturer.

(d) Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1) Manufacturer

The term “manufacturer” includes a producer or importer of an article, and, in the case of taxes imposed by subchapter A or C of chapter 31, includes the retailer with respect to the first retail sale.

(2) Export

The term “export” includes shipment to a possession of the United States; and the term “exported” includes shipped to a possession of the United States.

(3) Supplies for vessels or aircraft

The term “supplies for vessels or aircraft” means fuel supplies, ships’ stores, sea stores, or legitimate equipment on vessels of war of the United States or of any foreign nation, vessels employed in the fisheries or in the whaling business, or vessels actually engaged in foreign trade or trade between the Atlantic and Pacific ports of the United States or between the United States and any of its possessions. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “vessels” includes civil aircraft employed in foreign trade or trade between the United States and any of its possessions, and the term “vessels of war of the United States or of any foreign nation” includes aircraft owned by the United States or by any foreign nation and constituting a part of the armed forces thereof.

(4) State or local government

The term “State or local government” means any State, any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia.

(5) Nonprofit educational organization

The term “nonprofit educational organization” means an educational organization described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a). The term also includes a school operated as an activity of an organization described in section 501(c)(3) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a), if such school normally maintains a regular faculty and curriculum and normally has a regularly enrolled body of pupils or students in attendance at the place where its educational activities are regularly carried on.

(6) Use in further manufacture

An article shall be treated as sold for use in further manufacture if—

(A) such article is sold for use by the purchaser as material in the manufacture or production of, or as a component part of, another article taxable under this chapter to be manufactured or produced by him; or

(B) in the case of gasoline taxable under section 4081, such gasoline is sold for use by the purchaser, for nonfuel purposes, as a material in the manufacture or production of another article to be manufactured or produced by him.

(7) Qualified bus

(A) In general

The term “qualified bus” means—

(i) an intercity or local bus, and

(ii) a school bus.

(B) Intercity or local bus

The term “intercity or local bus” means any automobile bus which is used predominantly in furnishing (for compensation) passenger land transportation available to the general public if—

(i) such transportation is scheduled and along regular routes, or

(ii) the seating capacity of such bus is at least 20 adults (not including the driver).

(C) School bus

The term “school bus” means any automobile bus substantially all the use of which is in transporting students and employees of schools. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “school” means an educational organization which normally maintains a regular faculty and curriculum and normally has a regularly enrolled body of pupils or students in attendance at the place where its educational activities are carried on.

(e) Special rules

(1) Reciprocity required in case of civil aircraft

In the case of articles sold for use as supplies for aircraft, the privileges granted under subsection (a)(3) in respect of civil aircraft employed in foreign trade or trade between the United States and any of its possessions, in respect of aircraft registered in a foreign country, shall be allowed only if the Secretary of the Treasury has been advised by the Secretary of Commerce that he has found that such foreign country allows, or will allow, substantially reciprocal privileges in respect of aircraft registered in the United States. If the Secretary of the Treasury is advised by the Secretary of Commerce that he has found that a foreign country has discontinued or will discontinue the allowance of such privileges, the privileges granted under subsection (a)(3) shall not apply thereafter in respect of civil aircraft registered in that foreign country and employed in foreign trade or trade between the United States and any of its possessions.

(2) Tires

(A) Tax-free sales

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under section 4071 on the sale by the manufacturer of a tire if—

(i) such tire is sold for use by the purchaser for sale on or in connection with the sale of another article manufactured or produced by such purchaser; and

(ii) such other article is to be sold by such purchaser in a sale which either will satisfy the requirements of paragraph (2), (3), (4), or (5) of subsection (a) for a tax-free sale, or would satisfy such requirements but for the fact that such other article is not subject to tax under this chapter.

(B) Proof

Where a tire has been sold free of tax under this paragraph, this paragraph shall cease to apply unless, within the 6-moth period which begins on the date of the sale by him (or, if earlier on the date of the shipment by him), the manufacturer of such tire receives proof that the other article referred to in clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) has been sold in a manner which satisfies the requirements of such clause (ii) (including in the case of a sale for export, proof of export of such other article).

(C) Subsection (a)(1) does not apply

Paragraph (1) of subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to the tax imposed under section 4071 on the sale of a tire.

(3) Tires used on intercity, local, and school buses

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the tax imposed by section 4071 shall not apply in the case of tires sold for use by the purchaser on or in connection with a qualified bus.

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1282; amended Pub. L. 86–70, §22(a), June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 146; Pub. L. 86–344, §2(b), Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 617; Pub. L. 86–418, §1, Apr. 8, 1960, 74 Stat. 38; Pub. L. 86–624, §18(e), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 416; Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §205(a), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 126; Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §208(d), title VIII, §801(c), (d)(1), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 141, 158; Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §101(j)(26), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 529; Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(a)(3)(A), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 531; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–227, §2(b)(2), Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 12; Pub. L. 95–600, title VII, §701(ff)(2)(A), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2924; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §§201(c)(1), 232(a), 233(c)(1), (2), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3183, 3189, 3191, 3192; Pub. L. 96–222, title I, §108(c)(5), Apr. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 227; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§515(b)(1), 516(b)(2), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2181, 2183; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(8), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 983; Pub. L. 99–499, title V, §521(d)(4), Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1779; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, §1703(c)(2)(C), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2776; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §502(b)(4), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 257; Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, §9201(b)(1), title X, §10502(d)(4), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–330, 1330–444; Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7841(d)(17), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2429; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §§11211(d)(3), 11221(b), (d)(1), (2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–427, 1388–444; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(b)(3), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(b)(1), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 452; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(b)(1), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 500; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6023(17), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 825; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §853(d)(2)(F), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1613; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11101(b)(1), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1944; Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, §1207(b)(1)–(3)(A), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1405(b)(1), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1065; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(d), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356.)

Codification

Section 1207(b)(1)–(3)(A) of Pub. L. 109–280, which directed the amendment of section 4221 without specifying the act to be amended, was executed to this section, which is section 4221 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See 2006 Amendment notes below.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4221, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 495, related to exemption for articles taxable as jewelry, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–859, §119(a).

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted “April 1, 2012” for “October 1, 2011” in concluding provisions.

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–152 inserted at end of concluding provisions “In the case of the tax imposed by section 4191, paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6) shall not apply.”

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–280, §1207(b)(2), (3)(A), in concluding provisions, substituted “Paragraphs (4), (5), and (6)” for “Paragraphs (4) and (5)” and inserted at end “In the case of taxes imposed by subchapter C or D, paragraph (6) shall not apply.” See Codification note above.

Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 109–280, §1207(b)(1), added par. (6). See Codification note above.

2005—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted “2011” for “2005” in concluding provisions.

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–357 substituted “or 4081” for “, 4081, or 4091” in introductory provisions.

1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted “2005” for “1999” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–206 substituted “4053(6)” for “4053(a)(6)”.

1993—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–66 substituted “4001(d)” for “4002(b), 4003(c), 4004(a)”.

1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–240 substituted “1999” for “1995” in concluding provisions.

1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–508, §11221(b), substituted “subchapter A or C of chapter 31” for “section 4051” in introductory provisions and inserted at end “In the case of taxes imposed by subchapter A of chapter 31, paragraphs (1), (3), (4), and (5) shall not apply.”

Pub. L. 101–508, §11211(d)(3), substituted “1995” for “1993” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–508, §11221(d)(1), substituted “section 4001(c), 4002(b), 4003(c), 4004(a), or 4053(a)(6)” for “section 4053(a)(6)”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, §11221(d)(2), substituted “taxes imposed by subchapter A or C of chapter 31” for “the tax imposed by section 4051”.

1989—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–239 struck out “or 4083” after “4053(a)(6)”.

1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–203, §10502(d)(4), substituted “(other than under section 4121, 4081, or 4091) on the sale by the manufacturer” for “(other than under section 4121 or section 4081 (at the Highway Trust Fund financing rate)) on the sale by the manufacturer” in introductory text.

Pub. L. 100–203, §9201(b)(1), inserted at end “In the case of the tax imposed by section 4131, paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) shall not apply and paragraph (2) shall apply only if the use of the exported vaccine meets such requirements as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe.”

Pub. L. 100–17 substituted “1993” for “1988”.

1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–514, as amended by Pub. L. 99–499, §521(d)(4)(B), in introductory text, inserted “or section 4081 (at the Highway Trust Fund financing rate)” after “section 4121” as the probable intent of Congress, notwithstanding directory language that the insertion be made before “section 4121”, and substituted “or 4071” for “4071, or 4081 (at the Highway Trust Fund financing rate)” in last sentence.

Pub. L. 99–499, §521(d)(4)(A), inserted “(at the Highway Trust Fund financing rate)” after “4081” in last sentence.

1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(A), inserted “(or under section 4051 on the first retail sale)”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(B), substituted “section 4053(a)(6)” for “section 4063(a)(6) or (7), 4063(b), 4063(e),”.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(C), inserted “, and, in the case of the tax imposed by section 4051, includes the retailer with respect to the first retail sale”.

Subsec. (d)(6). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(D)(i), struck out provision at end that for purposes of subparagraph (B), the rebuilding of a part or accessory which is exempt from tax under section 4063(c) shall not constitute the manufacture or production of such part or accessory.

Subsec. (d)(6)(A). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(D)(ii), (iv), struck out “(other than an article referred to in subparagraph (B))” after “such article”, and inserted “or” at end.

Subsec. (d)(6)(B), (C). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(D)(i), (iii), redesignated subpar. (C) as (B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which related to parts or accessories taxable under former section 4061(b) of this title.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(E), (F), struck out “and tubes” from heading, and in text struck out “or inner tube” and “or tube”, as the case may be, after “tire” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (e)(3) to (6). Pub. L. 98–369, §735(c)(8)(G), added par. (3), struck out par. (4) which related to bicycle tires or tubes sold to bicycle manufacturers in general, the definition of a bicycle tire, and proof, struck out par. (5) which related to tires, tubes and tread rubber used on intercity, local, and school buses, and struck out par. (6) which related to bus parts and accessories.

1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(b)(2), inserted provision that, in the case of taxes imposed by section 4051, 4071, or 4081, pars. (4) and (5) shall not apply on and after Oct. 1, 1988.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–424, §515(b)(1), substituted “or 4083” for “4083, or 4093” after “4063(e),”.

1980—Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 96–222 inserted provisions respecting selling by a purchaser or a second purchaser.

1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–618, §201(c)(1), inserted provision that paragraphs (4) and (5) not apply to the tax imposed by section 4064.

Pub. L. 95–227 inserted “(other than under section 4121)” after “this chapter”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–600 substituted “4063(b), 4063(e),” for “4063(b),”.

Subsec. (d)(7). Pub. L. 95–618, §233(c)(2), added par. (7).

Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 95–618, §233(c)(1), substituted provisions relating to the applicability of the taxes imposed by section 4071(a)(1) and (3) in the case of tires or inner tubes for tires sold for use by the purchaser on or in connection with a qualified bus and the tax imposed by section 4071(a)(4) in the case of tread rubber sold for use by the purchaser in the recapping or retreading of any tire to be used by the purchaser on or in connection with a qualified bus for provisions relating to the applicability of the tax imposed by section 4061(a) to a bus sold to any person for use exclusively in transporting students and employees of schools operated by State or local governments or by nonprofit educational organizations.

Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 95–618, §232(a), added par. (6).

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” wherever appearing.

1971—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 92–178 inserted reference to section 4063(a)(6) or (7).

1969—Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 91–172 substituted “section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii)” for “section 503(b)(2)”.

1965—Subsec. (d)(6)(B). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(d)(1), struck out “a radio or television component taxable under section 4141, or a camera lens taxable under section 4171,”.

Subsec. (d)(6). Pub. L. 89–44, §801(c), inserted sentence providing that for purpose of subpar. (B), the rebuilding of a part or accessory which is exempt from tax under section 4063(c) shall not constitute the manufacture or production of such part or accessory.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(d)(2)–(5), struck out reference to automobile receiving sets from catchline and wherever appearing in subpars. (A) to (C), and reference to tax imposed under section 4141 of this title from subpars. (A) and (C).

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(d)(6), struck out par. (3) which related to musical instruments sold for religious use.

Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 89–44, §801(d)(1), added par. (5).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(d)(7), struck out subsec. (f) which related to sales of mechanical pencils and pens for export.

1961—Subsec. (d)(6)(C). Pub. L. 87–61 added subpar. (C).

1960—Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 86–624 substituted “any State, any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia” for “any State, Hawaii, the District of Columbia, or any political subdivision of any of the foregoing”.

Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 86–418 added par. (4).

1959—Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 86–70 struck out “Alaska,” before “Hawaii”.

Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 86–344 included in definition of “nonprofit educational organization” a school operated as an activity of certain organizations exempt from the income tax and having a regular situs, faculty, curriculum and student body.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–152 applicable to sales after Dec. 31, 2012, see section 1405(c) of Pub. L. 111–152, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4191 of this title.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–280 effective Jan. 1, 2007, see section 1207(g)(1) of Pub. L. 109–280, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357 applicable to aviation-grade kerosene removed, entered, or sold after Dec. 31, 2004, see section 853(e) of Pub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1993, see section 13161(c) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 11221(b), (d)(1), (2) of Pub. L. 101–508 effective Jan. 1, 1991, with exception for contracts binding on Sept. 30, 1990, and at all times thereafter, see section 11221(f) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendments

Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1017(c)(5), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3576, provided that: “The amendment made by section 10502(d)(4) of the Revenue Act of 1987 [Pub. L. 100–203, amending this section] shall be treated as if included in the amendments made by section 1703 of the Reform Act [Pub. L. 99–514] except that the reference to section 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall not apply to sales before April 1, 1988.”

Amendment by section 9201(b)(1) of Pub. L. 100–203 effective Jan. 1, 1988, see section 9201(d) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4131 of this title.

Amendment by section 10502(d)(4) of Pub. L. 100–203 applicable to sales after Mar. 31, 1988, see section 10502(e) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 40 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to gasoline removed (as defined in section 4082 of this title as amended by section 1703 of Pub. L. 99–514) after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 1703(h) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–499 effective Jan. 1, 1987, see section 521(e) of Pub. L. 99–499, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by section 515(b)(1) of Pub. L. 97–424 applicable to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983, see section 515(c) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–222 effective as if included in the provision of the Energy Tax Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95–618, to which such amendment relates, see section 108(c)(7) of Pub. L. 96–222, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendments

Amendment by section 201(c)(1) of Pub. L. 95–618 applicable with respect to 1980 and later model year automobiles, see section 201(g) of Pub. L. 95–618, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4064 of this title.

Section 232(c) of Pub. L. 95–618 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 6416 of this title] shall apply to sales on or after the first day of the first calendar month beginning more than 10 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 9, 1978].”

Amendment by section 233(c)(1), (2) of Pub. L. 95–618 effective on first day of first calendar month which begins more than 10 days after Nov. 9, 1978, see section 233(d) of Pub. L. 95–618, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

Section 701(ff)(3) of Pub. L. 95–600 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and sections 4061 and 4222 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first calendar month beginning more than 20 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 1978].”

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–227 applicable with respect to sales after Mar. 31, 1978, see section 2(d) of Pub. L. 95–227, set out as an Effective Date note section 4121 of this title.

Effective Date of 1971 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 92–178 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after the day after Dec. 10, 1971, see section 401(h)(1) of Pub. L. 92–178, set out as a note under section 4071 of this title.

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–172 effective on Jan. 1, 1970, see section 101(k)(1) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4940 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by section 208(d) of Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, except insofar as such amendments related to the taxes imposed by sections 4061(b), 4091, and 4131 and, as to such taxes, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1966, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4161 of this title.

Amendment by section 801(c), (d)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, see section 801(e) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–61 applicable only in the case of gasoline sold on or after Oct. 1, 1961, see section 208 of Pub. L. 87–61, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1960 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–624 effective on Aug. 21, 1959, see section 18(k) of Pub. L. 86–624, set out as a note under section 3121 of this title.

Section 4 of Pub. L. 86–418 provided that: “The amendments made by this Act [amending this section and sections 4218, 4223, and 6416 of this title] shall apply only with respect to bicycle tires and tubes sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than 10 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 8, 1960].”

Effective Date of 1959 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–344 effective Jan. 1, 1959, see section 2(e) of Pub. L. 86–344.

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–70 effective Jan. 3, 1959, see section 22(i) of Pub. L. 86–70, set out as a note under section 3121 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

1 So in original. The comma probably should not appear.

§4222. Registration

(a) General rule

Except as provided in subsection (b), section 4221 shall not apply with respect to the sale of any article unless the manufacturer, the first purchaser, and the second purchaser (if any) are all registered under this section. Registration under this section shall be made at such time, in such manner and form, and subject to such terms and conditions, as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe. A registration under this section may be used only in accordance with regulations prescribed under this section.

(b) Exceptions

(1) Purchases by State and local governments

Subsection (a) shall not apply to any State or local government in connection with the purchase by it of any article if such State or local government complies with such regulations relating to the use of exemption certificates in lieu of registration as the Secretary shall prescribe to carry out the purpose of this paragraph.

(2) Under regulations

Subject to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe for the purpose of this paragraph, the Secretary may relieve the purchaser or the second purchaser, or both, from the requirement of registering under this section.

(3) Certain purchases and sales by the United States

Subsection (a) shall apply to purchases and sales by the United States only to the extent provided by regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

[(4) Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §208(e), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 141]

(5) Supplies for vessels or aircraft

Subsection (a) shall not apply to a sale of an article for use by the purchaser as supplies for any vessel or aircraft if such purchaser complies with such regulations relating to the use of exemption certificates in lieu of registration as the Secretary shall prescribe to carry out the purpose of this paragraph.

(c) Denial, revocation, or suspension of registration

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the registration of any person under this section may be denied, revoked, or suspended if the Secretary determines—

(1) that such person has used such registration to avoid the payment of any tax imposed by this chapter, or to postpone or in any manner to interfere with the collection of any such tax, or

(2) that such denial, revocation, or suspension is necessary to protect the revenue.


The denial, revocation, or suspension under this subsection shall be in addition to any penalty provided by law for any act or failure to act.

(d) Registration in the case of certain other exemptions

The provisions of this section may be extended to, and made applicable with respect to, the exemptions provided by sections 4001(c), 4001(d), 4053(6), 4064(b)(1)(C), 4101, and 4182(b), and the exemptions authorized under section 4293 in respect of the taxes imposed by this chapter, to the extent provided by regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

(e) Definitions

Terms used in this section which are defined in section 4221(d) shall have the meaning given to them by section 4221(d).

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1284; amended Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §208(e), title VIII, §802(c), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 141, 159; Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §401(a)(3)(B), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 531; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–600, title VII, §701(ff)(2)(B), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2925; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §§201(e), 231(f)(2), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3184, 3189; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §515(b)(2), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2181; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(9), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 983; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1017(c)(16), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3577; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §§11212(b)(2), 11221(d)(3), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–431, 1388–444; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13161(b)(2), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 452; Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §1431(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1050; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6023(17), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 825.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4222, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68 Stat. 495, related to exemption from tax of certain supplies for vessels and airplanes, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–859, §119(a). See section 4221 of this title.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–206 substituted “4053(6)” for “4053(a)(6)”.

1997—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105–34 substituted “Under regulations” for “Export” in heading and struck out “in the case of any sale or resale for export,” after “this paragraph,” in text.

1993—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–66 substituted “4001(d)” for “4002(b), 4003(c), 4004(a)”.

1990—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–508, §11212(b)(2), substituted “Denial, revocation, or suspension” for “Revocation or suspension” in heading, “denied, revoked, or suspended” for “revoked or suspended” in introductory provisions, and “denial, revocation, or suspension” for “revocation or suspension” in par. (2) and concluding provisions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508, §11221(d)(3), substituted “sections 4001(c), 4002(b), 4003(c), 4004(a), 4053(a)(6)” for “sections 4053(a)(6)”.

1988—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–647 substituted “4101” for “4083”.

1984—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–369 substituted “4053(a)(6)” for “4063(a)(7), 4063(b), 4063(e)”.

1983—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–424 struck out “4093,” after “4083,”.

1978—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–618 substituted “4063(a)(7), 4063(b), 4064(b)(1)(C),” for “4063(a)(6) and (7), 4063(b),”.

Pub. L. 95–600 substituted “4063(b), 4063(e),” for “4063(b),”.

1976—Subsecs. (a) to (d). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” wherever appearing.

1971—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 92–178 inserted reference to section 4063(a)(6) and (7).

1965—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 89–44, §208(e), struck out par. (4) which related to mechanical pencils, fountain pens, and ball point pens.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 89–44, §802(c), added par. (5).

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Section 1431(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66 effective Jan. 1, 1993, see section 13161(c) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 4001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 11212(b)(2) of Pub. L. 101–508 effective Dec. 1, 1990, see section 11212(f)(2) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by section 11221(d)(3) of Pub. L. 101–508 effective Jan. 1, 1991, with exception for contract binding on Sept. 30, 1990, and at all times thereafter, see section 11221(f) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–424 applicable to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983, see section 515(c) of Pub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendments

Amendment by section 201(e) of Pub. L. 95–618 applicable with respect to 1980 and later model year automobiles, see section 201(g) of Pub. L. 95–618, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4064 of this title.

Section 231(g) of Pub. L. 95–618 provided that:

“(1) The amendments made by subsections (a) and (f) [amending this section and sections 4063 and 6412 of this title] shall apply with respect to articles sold after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 9, 1978].

“(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), an article shall not be considered sold on or before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 9, 1978] unless possession or right to possession passes to the purchaser on or before such date.

“(3) In the case of—

“(A) a lease,

“(B) a contract for the sale of an article providing that the price shall be paid by installments and title to the article sold does not pass until a future date notwithstanding partial payment by installments,

“(C) a conditional sale, or

“(D) a chattel mortgage arrangement providing that the sale price shall be paid in installments,

entered into on or before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 9, 1978], payments made after such date with respect to the article leased or sold shall, for purposes of this subsection, be considered as payments made with respect to an article sold after such date, if the lessor or vendor establishes that the amount of payments payable after such date with respect to such article has been reduced by an amount equal to that portion of the tax applicable with respect to the lease or sale of such article which is due and payable after such date. If the lessor or vendor does not establish that the payments have been so reduced, they shall be treated as payments made in respect of an article sold on or before the date of the enactment of this Act.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–600 effective on first day of first calendar month beginning more than 20 days after Nov. 6, 1978, see section 701(ff)(3) of Pub. L. 95–600, set out as a note under section 4221 of this title.

Effective Date of 1971 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 92–178 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after the day after Dec. 10, 1971, see section 401(h)(1) of Pub. L. 92–178, set out as a note under section 4071 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by section 208(e) of Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, except insofar as such amendments related to the taxes imposed by sections 4061(b), 4091, and 4131 and, as to such taxes, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1966, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4161 of this title.

Amendment by section 802(c) of Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after July 1, 1965, see section 802(d)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4082 of this title.

§4223. Special rules relating to further manufacture

(a) Purchasing manufacturer to be treated as the manufacturer

For purposes of this chapter, a manufacturer or producer to whom an article is sold or resold free of tax under section 4221(a)(1) for use by him in further manufacture shall be treated as the manufacturer or producer of such article.

(b) Computation of tax

If the manufacturer or producer referred to in subsection (a) incurs liability for tax under this chapter on his sale or use of an article referred to in subsection (a) and the tax is based on the price for which the article is sold, the article shall be treated as having been sold by him—

(1) at the price for which the article was sold by him (or, where the tax is on his use of the article, at the price referred to in section 4218(c)); or

(2) if he so elects and establishes such price to the satisfaction of the Secretary—

(A) at the price for which the article was sold to him; or

(B) at the price for which the article was sold by the person who (without regard to subsection (a)) is the manufacturer, producer, or importer of such article.


For purposes of this subsection, the price for which the article was sold shall be determined as provided in section 4216. For purposes of paragraph (2) no adjustment or readjustment shall be made in such price by reason of any discount, rebate, allowance, return or repossession of a container or covering, or otherwise. An election under paragraph (2) shall be made in the return reporting the tax applicable to the sale or use of the article, and may not be revoked.

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1285; amended Pub. L. 86–418, §2(b), Apr. 8, 1960, 74 Stat. 38; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(10), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 983.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4223, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 495, related to exemption of articles manufactured or produced by Indians, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–859, §119(a). See section 4225 of this title.

Amendments

1984—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 98–369 substituted “4218(c)” for “section 4218(e)”.

1976—Subsec. (b) Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

1960—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 86–418 substituted “section 4218(e)” for “section 4218(d)”.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–418 applicable only with respect to bicycle tires and tubes sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than 10 days after April 8, 1960, see section 4 of Pub. L. 86–418, set out as a note under section 4221 of this title.

[§4224. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title I, §101(b)(5), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 136]

Section, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1286, exempted, with specified exemptions, articles taxable under section 4001 from the imposition of the manufacturers excise tax.

A prior section 4224, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 495, exempted articles for the exclusive use of any State, Territory, or political subdivision of either, or the District of Columbia, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1282.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4161 of this title.

§4225. Exemption of articles manufactured or produced by Indians

No tax shall be imposed under this chapter on any article of native Indian handicraft manufactured or produced by Indians on Indian reservations, or in Indian schools, or by Indians under the jurisdiction of the United States Government in Alaska.

(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §119(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1286.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4225, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 496, related to exemption for exports, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–859, §119(a). See section 4221 of this title.

Admission of Alaska as State

Admission of Alaska into the Union was accomplished Jan. 3, 1959, on issuance of Proc. No. 3269, Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, as required by sections 1 and 8(c) of Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as notes preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.

[§4226. Repealed. Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(4), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811]

Section, added June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §207(a), 70 Stat. 391; amended Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–342, title II, §201(c)(1)–(3), 73 Stat. 614; June 29, 1961, Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §206(a), (b), 75 Stat. 127; Aug. 1, 1966, Pub. L. 89–523, §2, 80 Stat. 331, related to floor stocks taxes for 1956 on tires of the type used on highway vehicles, on tread rubber, on gasoline, for 1959 on gasoline, for 1961 on certain tires and inner tubes and tread rubber, provisions relating to overpayment of floor stocks taxes, due date for taxes, taxes on certain tires and tubes, and definitions of “dealer” and “held by a dealer”.

A prior section 4226 of this title was renumbered section 4227.

§4227. Cross reference

For exception for a sale to an Indian tribal government (or its subdivision) for the exclusive use of an Indian tribal government (or its subdivision), see section 7871.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 496, §4226; renumbered §4227, June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §207(a), 70 Stat. 391; amended Pub. L. 89–44, title II, §208(f), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 141; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(5), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811; Pub. L. 97–473, title II, §202(b)(8), Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2610; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §735(c)(11), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 983; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1899A(49), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2961.)

Amendments

1986—Pub. L. 99–514 amended section generally, substituting “reference” for “references” in section catchline, struck out par. (1) designation, substituted “exception” for “exemption”, and struck out par. (2) relating to cross reference to credit for taxes on tires.

1984—Par. (2). Pub. L. 98–369 struck out “and tubes” after “on tires”.

1983—Pub. L. 97–473 designated existing provisions as par. (2) and added par. (1).

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 struck out pars. (1) and (3) relating to cross references to exemption from tax in case of certain sales to the United States and to administrative provisions of general applicability, respectively.

1965—Par. (2). Pub. L. 89–44 struck out “and automobile radio and television receiving sets,” after “tires and inner tubes,”.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982, title V of Pub. L. 97–424, to which such amendment relates, see section 736 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 97–473, see section 204(5) of Pub. L. 97–473, set out as an Effective Date note under section 7871 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to articles sold on or after June 22, 1965, except insofar as such amendments related to the taxes imposed by sections 4061(b), 4091, and 4131 and, as to such taxes, applicable with respect to articles sold on or after January 1, 1966, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4161 of this title.

CHAPTER 33—FACILITIES AND SERVICES

Subchapter
Sec.1
[A.
Repealed.]

        

B.
Communications
4251
C.
Transportation by air
4261
[D.
Repealed.]
E.
Special provisions applicable to services and facilities taxes
4291

        

Repeal of Subchapter B

Table of subchapters for chapter 33 amended by striking out the item relating to subchapter B dealing with Communications, effective Jan. 1, 1982, see Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(3), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 266, as amended by Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(b)(3), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1843. Repeal of item B was not executed in view of the amendments to section 4251 of this title by Pub. L. 96–499, Pub. L. 97–34, Pub. L. 97–248, Pub. L. 98–369, Pub. L. 99–514, and Pub. L. 101–508, extending the date in (and finally eliminating) provisions which had reduced the tax to zero after a specified date.

Amendments

1970—Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(c)(5), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 242, substituted “Transportation by air” for “Transportation of persons by air” in item for subchapter C.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §§301, 304, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 145, 148, struck out items for subchapters A and D.

1962—Pub. L. 87–508, §5(c)(1), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 118, substituted “Transportation of persons by air” for “Transportation of persons” in item for subchapter C.

1958—Pub. L. 85–475, §4(b)(1), June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 260, substituted “Transportation of persons” for “Transportation” in item for subchapter C.

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Pub. L. 87–508, §5(d), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 119, provided in part that: “The amendment made by subsection (c)(1) [amending item for subchapter C in the analysis] shall apply only with respect to transportation beginning after November 15, 1962.”

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

[Subchapter A—Repealed]

[§§4231 to 4234. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §301, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 145]

Section 4231, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 497; Aug. 6, 1956, ch. 1019, §1, 70 Stat. 1074; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §131(a)–(c), 72 Stat. 1286, 1287; Apr. 8, 1960, Pub. L. 86–422, §1, 74 Stat. 41, imposed a tax on admissions, permanent use or lease of boxes or seats, sales outside of box office in excess of established price, sales by proprietors in excess of established price, and cabarets.

Section 4232, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 498; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §131(d), 72 Stat. 1287, defined admission, roof garden, cabaret, or other similar place, and performance for profit as used in section 4231.

Section 4233, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 498; Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 792, §1, 69 Stat. 675; Apr. 16, 1958, Pub. L. 85–380, §§1–3, 72 Stat. 88; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §131(e), (f), 72 Stat. 1287; June 25, 1959, Pub. L. 86–70, §22(a), 73 Stat. 146; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–319, §1, 73 Stat. 590; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §2(c), 73 Stat. 617; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–624, §18(d), 74 Stat. 416, granted certain exemptions to certain charitable, educational, or religious entertainments, agricultural fairs, certain musical or dramatic performances, swimming pools, etc., home and garden tours, historic sites, certain amateur theatricals, certain amateur baseball games, rodeos, pageants, and certain benefit performances.

Section 4234, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 501, required that price of tickets be printed on face or back of such tickets and provided a penalty for selling tickets not so stamped.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to admissions, services, or uses after noon, December 31, 1965, see section 701(b)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4291 of this title.

[§§4241 to 4243. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §301, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 145]

Section 4241, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 501; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §132(a), 72 Stat. 1288; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §3(b), 73 Stat. 618, imposed a tax on dues or membership fees, initiation, fees, and life memberships in social, athletic, or sporting clubs or organizations.

Section 4242, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 501, defined dues and initiation fees as used in section 4241.

Section 4243, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 502; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §132(b), 72 Stat. 1288; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §3(a), 73 Stat. 618, granted exemptions to fraternal organizations, payments for capital improvements, and nonprofit swimming or skating facilities.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable with respect to dues and membership fees attributable to periods beginning on or after January 1, 1966, initiation fees and amounts paid for life memberships attributable to memberships beginning on or after January 1, 1966, initiation fees paid on or after July 1, 1965, to a new club or organization first making its facilities available to members on or after such a date, and, in the case of amounts described in section 4243(b) of this title, 3-year periods beginning on or after January 1, 1966, see section 701(b)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4291 of this title.

Subchapter B—Communications

Sec.
4251.
Imposition of tax.
4252.
Definitions.
4253.
Exemptions.
4254.
Computation of tax.

        

Repeal

This subchapter, relating to the tax on communication, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(3), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 266, as amended by Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(b)(3), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1843, effective with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after Jan. 1, 1982. In the case of communications services rendered before Nov. 1, 1981, for which a bill has not been rendered before Jan. 1, 1982, a bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on Dec. 31, 1981. Repeal of this subchapter was not executed in view of the amendments to section 4251 of this title by Pub. L. 96–499, Pub. L. 97–34, Pub. L. 97–248, Pub. L. 98–369, Pub. L. 99–514, Pub. L. 100–203, and Pub. L. 101–508, extending the date in (and finally eliminating) provisions which had reduced the tax to zero after a specified date.

§4251. Imposition of tax

(a) Tax imposed

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed on amounts paid for communications services a tax equal to the applicable percentage of amounts so paid.

(2) Payment of tax

The tax imposed by this section shall be paid by the person paying for such services.

(b) Definitions

For purposes of subsection (a)—

(1) Communications services

The term “communications services” means—

(A) local telephone service;

(B) toll telephone service; and

(C) teletypewriter exchange service.

(2) Applicable percentage

The term “applicable percentage” means 3 percent.

(c) Special rule

For purposes of subsections (a) and (b), in the case of communications services rendered before November 1 of a calendar year for which a bill has not been rendered before the close of such year, a bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on December 31 of such year.

(d) Treatment of prepaid telephone cards

(1) In general

For purposes of this subchapter, in the case of communications services acquired by means of a prepaid telephone card—

(A) the face amount of such card shall be treated as the amount paid for such communications services, and

(B) that amount shall be treated as paid when the card is transferred by any telecommunications carrier to any person who is not such a carrier.

(2) Determination of face amount in absence of specified dollar amount

In the case of any prepaid telephone card which entitles the user other than to a specified dollar amount of use, the face amount shall be determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

(3) Prepaid telephone card

For purposes of this subsection, the term “prepaid telephone card” means any card or any other similar arrangement which permits its holder to obtain communications services and pay for such services in advance.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 503; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §133(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1289; Pub. L. 86–75, §5, June 30, 1959, 73 Stat. 158; Pub. L. 86–564, title II, §202(a)(2), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 290; Pub. L. 87–72, §3(a)(2), June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 193; Pub. L. 87–508, §3(a)(2), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 114; Pub. L. 88–52, §3(a)(2), June 29, 1963, 77 Stat. 72; Pub. L. 88–348, §2(a)(2), June 30, 1964, 78 Stat. 237; Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §302, title VII, §701(b)(2)(B), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 145, 156; Pub. L. 89–368, title II, §202(a), Mar. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 66; Pub. L. 90–285, §1(a)(3), Apr. 12, 1968, 82 Stat. 92; Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(1), (2), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 265; Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(b)(1), (2), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(b)(1), (2), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1843; Pub. L. 96–499, title XI, §1151, Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2694; Pub. L. 97–34, title VIII, §821, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 351; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §282(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 568; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, §26, July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 507; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1801(b), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2785; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10501, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–438; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11217(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–437; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1034(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 937; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6010(i), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 815.)

Repeal

This subchapter, relating to the tax on communications, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(3), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 266, as amended by Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(b)(3), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1843, effective with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after Jan. 1, 1982. In the case of communications services rendered before Nov. 1, 1981, for which a bill has not been rendered before Jan. 1, 1982, a bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on Dec. 31, 1981.

Pub. L. 96–499, title XI, §1151, Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2694; Pub. L. 97–34, title VIII, §821, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 351; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §282(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 568; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, §26, July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 507; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1801(b), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2785; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10501, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–438; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11217(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–437, amended section 4251 of this title, relating to the imposition of the tax on communications, extending the date in (and finally eliminating) provisions which had reduced the tax to zero after a specified date, without amending Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(3), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 266, which, as amended, had repealed this subchapter, effective with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after Jan. 1, 1982.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 105–206 substituted “any other similar arrangement” for “other similar arrangement”.

1997—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–34 added subsec. (d).

1990—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted “percent.” for “percent; except that, with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered after 1990, the applicable percentage shall be zero.”

1987—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–203 amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “The term ‘applicable percentage’ means—


“With respect to amount paid pur-
 suant to bills first rendered:
The percentage is:
  During 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, or 1987
3  
  During 1988 or thereafter
0.”

        

1986—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 99–514 inserted “1985,” after “1984,” in table.

1984—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 98–369 substituted “During 1983, 1984, 1986, or 1987” for “During 1983, 1984, or 1985” in item relating to an applicable percentage of 3 and substituted “During 1988 or thereafter” for “During 1986 or thereafter” in item relating to an applicable percentage of 0.

1982—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–248 added subsec. (a) and struck out former subsec. (a) which provided that there was a tax on communication services specified as local telephone service, toll telephone service, and teletypewriter exchange service, directed that the tax was to be paid by the person paying for such services, and designated the tax as the percentage of the amount paid for the services as set out in the following table:

 
“Amounts paid pursuant to

 bills first rendered—

Percent—
“Before January 1, 1973 10
During 1973 9
During 1974 8
During 1975 7
During 1976 6
During 1977 5
During 1978 4
During 1979 3
During 1980 or 1981 2
During 1982, 1983, or 1984 1”

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–248 added subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which provided that the tax imposed by former subsec. (a) would not apply to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after January 1, 1985.

1981—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 97–34, §821(a), substituted “During 1982, 1983, or 1984” for “During 1982” in table.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–34, §821(b), extended termination date to Jan. 1, 1985, from Jan. 1, 1983.

1980—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 96–499, §1151(a), substituted “During 1980 or 1981” for “During 1980” and “During 1982” for “During 1981” in table.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–499, §1151(b), substituted “1983” for “1982”.

1970—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 91–614, §201(b)(1), substituted provisions providing the rate of tax on amounts paid for communication services pursuant to bills first rendered before Jan. 1, 1973 is 10% of such amount, amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered during 1973 is 9% of such amount, during 1974 is 8% of such amount, during 1975 is 7% of such amount, during 1976 is 6% of such amount, during 1977 is 5% of such amount, during 1978 is 4% of such amount, during 1979 is 3% of such amount, during 1980 is 2% of such amount, and during 1981 is 1% of such amount for provisions providing the rate of tax on amounts paid for communication services pursuant to bills first rendered before Jan. 1, 1971 is 10% of such amount, amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered during 1971 is 5% of such amount, during 1972 is 3% of such amount, and during 1973 is 1% of such amount.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–614, §201(b)(2), substituted “January 1, 1982” for “January 1, 1974”.

1969—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 91–172, §702(b)(1), increased rate of tax on amounts paid for communication services from 5 to 10 percent during 1970, from 3 to 5 percent during 1971, from 1 to 3 percent during 1972, and imposed a 1 percent tax on amounts paid for communication services during 1973.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–172, §702(b)(2), substituted “January 1, 1974” for “January 1, 1973”.

1968—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 90–364, §105(b)(1), extended from April 30, 1968, through the end of 1969 the period for the imposition of the 10 percent rate, thereby increasing the rate from 1 percent to 10 percent for the period May 1, 1968, through the end of 1968 and from 0 percent to 10 percent for 1969, and imposed a rate of 5 percent during 1970, a rate of 3 percent during 1971, and a rate of 1 percent during 1972.

Pub. L. 90–285 substituted “April 30, 1968” and “May 1, 1968” for “March 31, 1968” and “April 1, 1968” respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–364, §105(b)(2), substituted “1973” for “1969”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–364, §105(b)(2), extended provisions calling for treatment of bills not rendered before the end of a year for service rendered before November 1 of that year as having been first rendered on December 31 of that year so as to include years subsequent to 1968 and struck out special provision for the application of subsec. (a) in the case of communication services rendered before March 1, 1968, for which a bill was not rendered before May 1, 1968.

Pub. L. 90–285 substituted “March 1, 1968,” for “February 1, 1968”, “May 1, 1968” for “April 1, 1968”, “April 30, 1968” for “March 31, 1968”, and “February 29, 1968” for “January 31, 1968”.

1966—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 89–368, §202(a)(1), increased to 10 percent the schedule of rates for tax imposed for the period up to April 1, 1968, and authorized a reduction to 1 percent for the period after March 31, 1968, and before January 1, 1969.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–368, §202(a)(2), conformed subsection to rate reduction schedule alterations by providing that, in the case of communications services rendered before February 1, 1968, for which a bill has not been rendered before April 1, 1968, the bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on March 31, 1968, and, in the case of services rendered after January 31, 1968, and before November 1, 1968, for which a bill has not been rendered before January 1, 1969, the bill shall be treated as having first been rendered on December 31, 1968.

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–44, §302, substituted local telephone service, toll telephone service, and teletypewriter exchange service, for general telephone service, toll telephone service, telegraph service, teletypewriter exchange service, wire mileage service, and wire and equipment service as the taxed services and reduced the rate of tax to 3 percent during 1966, 2 percent during 1967, and 1 percent during 1968.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44, §302, added subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44, §701(b)(2)(B), repealed former subsec. (b), as in effect June 30, 1965, effective on and after July 1, 1965. Such repealed provision had called for termination of the tax on general telephone service as of July 1, 1965.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–44, §302, added subsec. (c).

1964—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 88–348 substituted “July 1, 1965” for “July 1, 1964” in two places.

1963—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 88–52 substituted “July 1, 1964” for “July 1, 1963” in two places.

1962—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 87–508 substituted “July 1, 1963” for “July 1, 1962” in two places.

1961—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 87–72 substituted “July 1, 1962” for “July 1, 1961” in two places.

1960—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 86–564 substituted “July 1, 1961” for “July 1, 1960” in two places.

1959—Pub. L. 86–75 designated former provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).

1958—Pub. L. 85–859 redesignated “local telephone service” as “general telephone service”, “long distance telephone service” as “toll telephone service” and “leased wire, teletypewriter or talking circuit special service” as “teletypewriter exchange service” and “wire mileage service”.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Section 1034(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to amounts paid in calendar months beginning more than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, to which such amendment relates, see section 1881 of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Section 282(b) of Pub. L. 97–248 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to amounts paid for communications services pursuant to bills first rendered after December 31, 1982.”

Effective Date of 1968 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–364 effective Apr. 30, 1968, see section 105(c) of Pub. L. 90–364, set out as a note under section 6412 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–285 effective Mar. 31, 1968, see section 1(b) of Pub. L. 90–285, set out as a note under section 6412 of this title.

Effective Date of 1966 Amendment

Section 202(c) of Pub. L. 89–368 provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) [amending this section] and (b) [amending section 4253 of this title] shall apply to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after April 1, 1966, for services rendered on or after such date. In the case of amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after such date for services which were rendered before such date and for which no previous bill was rendered, such amendments shall apply except with respect to such services as were rendered more than 2 months before such date. In the case of services rendered more than 2 months before such date, the provisions of subchapter B of chapter 33 of the Code in effect at the time such services were rendered, subject to the provision of section 701(b)(2) of the Excise Tax Reduction Act of 1965 [see Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note below], shall apply to the amounts paid for such services.”

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 701(b)(2)(A) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendments made by section 302 [amending this section and sections 4252, 4253, and 4254 of this title] (relating to communication services) shall apply to amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after January 1, 1966, for services rendered on or after such date. In the case of amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after January 1, 1966, for services which were rendered before such date and for which no previous bill was rendered, such amendments shall apply except with respect to such services as were rendered more than 2 months before such date. In the case of services rendered more than 2 months before such date, the provisions of subchapter B of chapter 33 of the Code in effect at the time such services were rendered shall apply to the amounts paid for such services.”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Section 133(b) of Pub. L. 85–859, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

“(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2), the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section and sections 4252 to 4254 of this title] shall apply with respect to amounts paid on or after the effective date prescribed in section (1)(c) of this Act for services rendered on or after such date.

“(2) The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section and sections 4252 to 4254 of this title] shall not apply with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered before the effective date prescribed in section 1(c) of this Act. In the case of amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after such date for services for which no previous bill was rendered, such amendments shall apply except with respect to such services as were rendered more than 2 months before such date. In the case of services rendered more than 2 months before such date the provisions of subchapter B of chapter 33 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] in effect at the time such services were rendered shall apply to the amounts paid for such services.”

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

§4252. Definitions

(a) Local telephone service

For purposes of this subchapter, the term “local telephone service” means—

(1) the access to a local telephone system, and the privilege of telephonic quality communication with substantially all persons having telephone or radio telephone stations constituting a part of such local telephone system, and

(2) any facility or service provided in connection with a service described in paragraph (1).


The term “local telephone service” does not include any service which is a “toll telephone service” or a “private communication service” as defined in subsections (b) and (d).

(b) Toll telephone service

For purposes of this subchapter, the term “toll telephone service” means—

(1) a telephonic quality communication for which (A) there is a toll charge which varies in amount with the distance and elapsed transmission time of each individual communication and (B) the charge is paid within the United States, and

(2) a service which entitles the subscriber, upon payment of a periodic charge (determined as a flat amount or upon the basis of total elapsed transmission time), to the privilege of an unlimited number of telephonic communications to or from all or a substantial portion of the persons having telephone or radio telephone stations in a specified area which is outside the local telephone system area in which the station provided with this service is located.

(c) Teletypewriter exchange service

For purposes of this subchapter, the term “teletypewriter exchange service” means the access from a teletypewriter or other data station to the teletypewriter exchange system of which such station is a part, and the privilege of intercommunication by such station with substantially all persons having teletypewriter or other data stations constituting a part of the same teletypewriter exchange system, to which the subscriber is entitled upon payment of a charge or charges (whether such charge or charges are determined as a flat periodic amount, on the basis of distance and elapsed transmission time, or in some other manner). The term “teletypewriter exchange service” does not include any service which is “local telephone service” as defined in subsection (a).

(d) Private communication service

For purposes of this subchapter, the term “private communication service” means—

(1) the communication service furnished to a subscriber which entitles the subscriber—

(A) to exclusive or priority use of any communication channel or groups of channels, or

(B) to the use of an intercommunication system for the subscriber's stations,


regardless of whether such channel, groups of channels, or intercommunication system may be connected through switching with a service described in subsection (a), (b), or (c),

(2) switching capacity, extension lines and stations, or other associated services which are provided in connection with, and are necessary or unique to the use of, channels or systems described in paragraph (1), and

(3) the channel mileage which connects a telephone station located outside a local telephone system area with a central office in such local telephone system,


except that such term does not include any communication service unless a separate charge is made for such service.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 503; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §133(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1290; Pub. L. 87–508, §4(a), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 115; Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §302, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 145.)

Repeal

This subchapter, relating to the tax on communications was repealed by Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(3), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 266, as amended by Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(b)(3), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1843, effective with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after Jan. 1, 1982. In the case of communications services rendered before Nov. 1, 1981, for which a bill has not been rendered before Jan. 1, 1982, a bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on Dec. 31, 1981. Repeal of this subchapter was not executed in view of the amendments to section 4251 of this title by Pub. L. 96–499, Pub. L. 97–34, Pub. L. 97–248, Pub. L. 98–369, Pub. L. 99–514, Pub. L. 100–203, and Pub. L. 101–508, extending the date in (and finally eliminating) provisions which had reduced the tax to zero after a specified date.

Amendments

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted definition of “local telephone service” for definition of “general telephone service”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44 replaced definition of “toll telephone service” as telephone or radio telephone message or conversation for which there is a toll charge paid within the United States with a definition which defined the term as a telephonic quality communication carrying a varying toll charge depending upon distance and elapsed transmission time and a service entitling the subscriber, upon payment of a periodic charge, to unlimited telephonic communication in an area outside the local telephone system area.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted definition of “teletypewriter exchange service” for definition of “telegraph service”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted definition of “private communication service” for definition of “teletypewriter exchange service”.

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 89–44 struck out subsecs. (e) and (f) which defined wire mileage service and wire and equipment service.

1962—Subsec. (e)(1), (2). Pub. L. 87–508 limited wire mileage service to service not used in the conduct of a trade or business.

1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted definition of “general telephone service” for provisions which defined “local telephone service” as any telephone service not taxable as long distance telephone service; leased wire; teletypewriter or talking circuit special service; or wire and equipment service, and provided that amounts paid for the installation of instruments, wires, poles, switchboards, apparatus, and equipment shall not be considered amounts paid for service, and that amounts paid for services and facilities which are exempted from other communication taxes by section 4253(b) should not be deemed to be within the definition of local telephone service.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “toll telephone service” for “long distance telephone service” and struck out provisions which defined “long distance telephone service” as a telephone or radio telephone message or conversation for which the toll charge is more than 24 cents.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “For purposes of this subchapter, the term ‘telegraph service’ means a telegram” for “As used in section 4251 the term ‘telegraph service’ means a telegraph”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted provisions defining “teletypewriter exchange service” for provisions which defined “leased wire, teletypewriter or talking circuit special service”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted provisions defining “wire mileage service” for provisions which defined “wire and equipment service”, which were covered by subsec. (f) of this section.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 85–859 added subsec. (f). Similar provisions were formerly contained in subsec. (e) of this section.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable to amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after January 1, 1966, for services rendered on or after such date but, in the case of amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered after January 1, 1966, for services rendered before such date for which no previous bill had been rendered, applicable except with respect to such services as were rendered more than two months before such date, see section 701(b)(2)(A) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4251 of this title.

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Section 4(c) of Pub. L. 87–508 provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section 4253 of this title] shall apply with respect to services furnished on or after January 1, 1963.”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

For effective date of amendment made by Pub. L. 85–859, see section 133(b) of Pub. L. 85–859, set out as a note under section 4251 of this title.

§4253. Exemptions

(a) Certain coin-operated service

Service paid for by inserting coins in coin-operated telephones available to the public shall not be subject to the tax imposed by section 4251 with respect to local telephone service, or with respect to toll telephone service if the charge for such toll telephone service is less than 25 cents; except that where such coin-operated telephone service is furnished for a guaranteed amount, the amounts paid under such guarantee plus any fixed monthly or other periodic charge shall be subject to the tax.

(b) News services

No tax shall be imposed under section 4251, except with respect to local telephone service, on any payment received from any person for services used in the collection of news for the public press, or a news ticker service furnishing a general news service similar to that of the public press, or radio broadcasting, or in the dissemination of news through the public press, or a news ticker service furnishing a general news service similar to that of the public press, or by means of radio broadcasting, if the charge for such service is billed in writing to such person.

(c) International, etc., organizations

No tax shall be imposed under section 4251 on any payment received for services furnished to an international organization, or to the American National Red Cross.

(d) Servicemen in combat zone

No tax shall be imposed under section 4251 on any payment received for any toll telephone service which originates within a combat zone, as defined in section 112, from a member of the Armed Forces of the United States performing service in such combat zone, as determined under such section, provided a certificate, setting forth such facts as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe, is furnished to the person receiving such payment.

(e) Items otherwise taxed

Only one payment of tax under section 4251 shall be required with respect to the tax on any service, notwithstanding the lines or stations of one or more persons are used in furnishing such service.

(f) Common carriers and communications companies

No tax shall be imposed under section 4251 on the amount paid for any toll telephone service described in section 4252(b)(2) to the extent that the amount so paid is for use by a common carrier, telephone or telegraph company, or radio broadcasting station or network in the conduct of its business as such.

(g) Installation charges

No tax shall be imposed under section 4251 on so much of any amount paid for the installation of any instrument, wire, pole, switchboard, apparatus, or equipment as is properly attributable to such installation.

(h) Nonprofit hospitals

No tax shall be imposed under section 4251 on any amount paid by a nonprofit hospital for services furnished to such organization. For purposes of this subsection, the term “nonprofit hospital” means a hospital referred to in section 170(b)(1)(A)(iii) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a).

(i) State and local governmental exemption

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under section 4251 upon any payment received for services or facilities furnished to the government of any State, or any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia.

(j) Exception for nonprofit educational organizations

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under section 4251 on any amount paid by a nonprofit educational organization for services or facilities furnished to such organization. For purposes of this subsection, the term “nonprofit educational organization” means an educational organization described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a). The term also includes a school operated as an activity of an organization described in section 501(c)(3) which is exempt from income tax under section 501(a), if such school normally maintains a regular faculty and curriculum and normally has a regularly enrolled body of pupils or students in attendance at the place where its educational activities are regularly carried on.

(k) Exemption for qualified blood collector organizations

Under regulations provided by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed under section 4251 on any amount paid by a qualified blood collector organization (as defined in section 7701(a)(49)) for services or facilities furnished to such organization.

(l) Filing of exemption certificates

(1) In general

In order to claim an exemption under subsection (c), (h), (i), (j), or (k), a person shall provide to the provider of communications services a statement (in such form and manner as the Secretary may provide) certifying that such person is entitled to such exemption.

(2) Duration of certificate

Any statement provided under paragraph (1) shall remain in effect until—

(A) the provider of communications services has actual knowledge that the information provided in such statement is false, or

(B) such provider is notified by the Secretary that the provider of the statement is no longer entitled to an exemption described in paragraph (1).


If any information provided in such statement is no longer accurate, the person providing such statement shall inform the provider of communications services within 30 days of any change of information.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 504; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §133(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1290; Pub. L. 86–344, §4(a), Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 619; Pub. L. 87–508, §4(b), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 115; Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §302, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 146; Pub. L. 89–368, title II, §202(b), Mar. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 66; Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §101(j)(27), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 529; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§1904(a)(6), 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1811, 1834; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11217(c)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–438; Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, §1207(c), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1070.)

Repeal

This subchapter, relating to the tax on communications, was repealed by Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(3), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 266, as amended by Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(b)(3), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1843, effective with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after Jan. 1, 1982. In the case of communications services rendered before Nov. 1, 1981, for which a bill has not been rendered before Jan. 1, 1982, a bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on Dec. 31, 1981. Repeal of this subchapter was not executed in view of the amendments to section 4251 of this title by Pub. L. 96–499, Pub. L. 97–34, Pub. L. 97–248, Pub. L. 98–369, Pub. L. 99–514, Pub. L. 100–203, and Pub. L. 101–508, extending the date in (and finally eliminating) provisions which had reduced the tax to zero after a specified date.

Codification

Section 1207(c) of Pub. L. 109–280, which directed the amendment of section 4253 without specifying the act to be amended, was executed to this section, which is section 4253 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See 2006 Amendment notes below.

Amendments

2006—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 109–280, §1207(c)(1), added subsec. (k). Former subsec. (k) redesignated (l). See Codification note above.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 109–280, §1207(c)(1), redesignated subsec. (k) as (l). See Codification note above.

Subsec. (l)(1). Pub. L. 109–280, §1207(c)(2), substituted “(j), or (k)” for “or (j)”. See Codification note above.

1990—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 101–508 added subsec. (k).

1976—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Subsecs. (i), (j). Pub. L. 94–455, §1904(a)(6), added subsecs. (i) and (j).

1969—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 91–172 substituted “section 170(b)(1)(A)(iii)” for “section 503(b)(5)”.

1966—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 89–368 added subsec. (h).

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “with respect to local telephone service, or with respect to toll telephone service if the charge for such toll telephone service is less than 25 cents”, for “with respect to general telephone service, or with respect to toll telephone service or telegraph service if the charge for such toll telephone service or telegraph service is less than 25 cents”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “local telephone service” for “general telephone service” and “such service” for “such services”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “International, etc., organizations” for “Certain organizations” in heading.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 89–44 reenacted subsec. (d) without change.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “any service” for “toll telephone service, telegraph service, or teletypewriter exchange service”.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted amounts paid for any toll telephone service for amounts paid for wire mileage service, wire and equipment service, and use of any telephone or radiotelephone line or channel which constitutes general telephone service if such line or channel connects stations between any two of which there would otherwise be a toll charge.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 89–44 reenacted subsec. (g) without change.

Subsecs. (h) to (j). Pub. L. 89–44 struck out subsecs. (h) to (j), which related to terminal facilities in case of wire mileage service and to certain interior and private communications services.

1962—Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 87–508 added subsec. (j).

1959—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 86–344 substituted “Common carriers and communications companies” for “Special wire service in company business” in heading, incorporated existing provisions in opening and closing statements and par. (1) and added par. (2).

1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “general telephone service, or with respect to toll telephone service or telegraph service if the charge for such toll telephone service or telegraph service is less than 25 cents” for “local telephone service”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “general telephone service, on any payment received from any person for services used” for “local telephone service, upon any payment received from any person for services or facilities utilized”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “on any payment received for services furnished to an international organization, or to the American National Red Cross” for “upon any payment received for services or facilities furnished to an international organization, or any organization created by act of Congress to act in matters of relief under the treaty of Geneva of August 22, 1864”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “on any payment received for any toll telephone service” for “with respect to long distance telephone service upon any payment received for any telephone or radio telephone message”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “toll telephone service, telegraph service, or teletypewriter exchange service” for “long distance telephone service or telegraph service” and “in furnishing such service” for “in the transmission of such dispatch, message or conversation”.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “any wire mileage service or wire and equipment service as is used in the conduct” for “the service described in sections 4252(d) and (e) as is utilized in the conduct”.

Subsecs. (g) to (i). Pub. L. 85–859 added subsecs. (g) to (i).

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–280 effective Jan. 1, 2007, see section 1207(g)(1) of Pub. L. 109–280, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Section 11217(c)(2) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that:

“(A) In general.—The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply to any claim for exemption made after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 5, 1990].

“(B) Duration of existing certificates.—Any annual certificate of exemption effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 5, 1990] shall remain effective until the end of the annual period.”

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 1904(a)(6) of Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–172 effective Jan. 1, 1970, see section 101(k)(1) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4940 of this title.

Effective Date of 1966 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–368 applicable to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after April 1, 1966, for services rendered on or after such date and to amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after such date for services which were rendered before such date and for which no previous bill was rendered except with respect to such services as were rendered more than two months before such date and, as to services rendered more than 2 months before such date, direction that the provisions of subchapter B of chapter 33 of the Code in effect at the time such services were rendered, be applied, subject to the provision of section 701(b)(2) of the Excise Tax Reduction Act of 1965.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable to amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after January 1, 1966, for services rendered on or after such date, but, in the case of amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered after January 1, 1966, for services rendered before such date for which no previous bill had been rendered, applicable except with respect to such services as were rendered more than two months before such date, see section 701(b)(2)(A) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4251 of this title.

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–508 applicable with respect to services furnished on or after Jan. 1, 1963, see section 4(c) of Pub. L. 87–508, set out as a note under section 4252 of this title.

Effective Date of 1959 Amendment

Section 4(b) of Pub. L. 86–344, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

“(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2), the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to amounts paid on or after January 1, 1959, for services rendered on or after such date.

“(2) The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall not apply with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered before January 1, 1959. In the case of amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after such date for services for which no bill was rendered before such date, such amendment shall apply except with respect to such services as were rendered more than 2 months before such date. In the case of services rendered more than 2 months before such date, the provisions of subchapter B of chapter 33 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] in effect at the time such services were rendered shall apply to the amounts paid for such services.”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

For effective date of amendment made by Pub. L. 85–859, see section 133(b) of Pub. L. 85–859, set out as a note under section 4251 of this title.

§4254. Computation of tax

(a) General rule

If a bill is rendered the taxpayer for local telephone service or toll telephone service—

(1) the amount on which the tax with respect to such services shall be based shall be the sum of all charges for such services included in the bill; except that

(2) if the person who renders the bill groups individual items for purposes of rendering the bill and computing the tax, then (A) the amount on which the tax with respect to each such group shall be based shall be the sum of all items within that group, and (B) the tax on the remaining items not included in any such group shall be based on the charge for each item separately.

(b) Where payment is made for toll telephone service in coin-operated telephones

If the tax imposed by section 4251 with respect to toll telephone service is paid by inserting coins in coin-operated telephones, tax shall be computed to the nearest multiple of 5 cents, except that, where the tax is midway between multiples of 5 cents, the next higher multiple shall apply.

(c) Certain State and local taxes not included

For purposes of this subchapter, in determining the amounts paid for communications services, there shall not be included the amount of any State or local tax imposed on the furnishing or sale of such services, if the amount of such tax is separately stated in the bill.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 504; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §133(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1291; Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §302, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 147; Pub. L. 95–172, §2(a), Nov. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 1358.)

Repeal

This subchapter, relating to the tax on communications was repealed by Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §105(b)(3), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 266, as amended by Pub. L. 91–172, title VII, §702(b)(3), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 91–614, title II, §201(b)(3), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1843, effective with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after Jan. 1, 1982. In the case of communications services rendered before Nov. 1, 1981, for which a bill has not been rendered before Jan. 1, 1982, a bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on Dec. 31, 1981. Repeal of this subchapter was not executed in view of the amendments to section 4251 of this title by Pub. L. 96–499, Pub. L. 97–34, Pub. L. 97–248, Pub. L. 98–369, Pub. L. 99–514, Pub. L. 100–203, and Pub. L. 101–508, extending the date in (and finally eliminating) provisions which had reduced the tax to zero after a specified date.

Amendments

1977—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–172 added subsec. (c).

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “local telephone service or toll telephone service” for “general telephone service, toll telephone service, or telegraph service”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “toll telephone service” for “toll telephone service or telegraph service” in catchline and text.

1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–859 provided that if the person who renders the bill groups individual items for purposes of rendering the bill and computing the tax, then the amount on which the tax with respect to each group shall be based shall be the sum of all items within that group, and the tax on remaining items not included in any such group shall be based on the charge of each item separately.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “toll telephone service” for “long distance telephone service”.

Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Section 2(b) of Pub. L. 95–172 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect only with respect to amounts paid pursuant to bills first rendered on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than 20 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 12, 1977]. For purposes of the preceding sentence, in the case of communications services rendered more than 2 months before the effective date provided in the preceding sentence, no bill shall be treated as having been first rendered on or after such effective date.”

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable to amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered on or after January 1, 1966, for service rendered on or after such date, but, in the case of amounts paid pursuant to bills rendered after January 1, 1966, for services rendered before such date for which no previous bill had been rendered, applicable except with respect to such services as were rendered more than two months before such date, see section 701(b)(2)(A) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4251 of this title.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

For effective date of amendment made by Pub. L. 85–859, see section 133(b) of Pub. L. 85–859, set out as a note under section 4251 of this title.

Subchapter C—Transportation by Air

Part
I.
Persons.
II.
Property.
III.
Special provisions relating to taxes on transportation by air.1

        

1 So in original. Does not conform to part heading.

PART I—PERSONS

Sec.
4261.
Imposition of tax.
4262.
Definition of taxable transportation.
4263.
Special rules.

        

Amendments

1970—Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(c)(4), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 242, substituted “Transportation by Air” for “Transportation of Persons by Air” in subchapter heading, inserted part I to III headings in subchapter analysis, inserted “PART I—PERSONS” as analysis heading preceding section 4261, struck out item 4263, and redesignated item 4264 as 4263.

1962—Pub. L. 87–508, §5(b), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 115, substituted “Transportation of Persons by Air” for “Transportation of Persons” in subchapter heading.

1958—Pub. L. 85–475, §4(b)(2), June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 260, substituted “Transportation of Persons” for “Transportation” in subchapter heading and struck out parts I–III, which were included in subchapter C.

1956—Act July 25, 1956, ch. 725, §5, 70 Stat. 646, added items 4262 and 4264 and redesignated former item 4262 as 4263.

§4261. Imposition of tax

(a) In general

There is hereby imposed on the amount paid for taxable transportation of any person a tax equal to 7.5 percent of the amount so paid.

(b) Domestic segments of taxable transportation

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed on the amount paid for each domestic segment of taxable transportation by air a tax in the amount determined in accordance with the following table for the period in which the segment begins:

 
In the case of segments

 beginning:
The tax is:
After September 30, 1997, and before October 1, 1998 $1.00  
After September 30, 1998, and before October 1, 1999 $2.00  
After September 30, 1999, and before January 1, 2000 $2.25  
During 2000 $2.50  
During 2001 $2.75  
During 2002 or thereafter $3.00.

(2) Domestic segment

For purposes of this section, the term “domestic segment” means any segment consisting of 1 takeoff and 1 landing and which is taxable transportation described in section 4262(a)(1).

(3) Changes in segments by reason of rerouting

If—

(A) transportation is purchased between 2 locations on specified flights, and

(B) there is a change in the route taken between such 2 locations which changes the number of domestic segments, but there is no change in the amount charged for such transportation,


the tax imposed by paragraph (1) shall be determined without regard to such change in route.

(c) Use of international travel facilities

(1) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax of $12.00 on any amount paid (whether within or without the United States) for any transportation of any person by air, if such transportation begins or ends in the United States.

(2) Exception for transportation entirely taxable under subsection (a)

This subsection shall not apply to any transportation all of which is taxable under subsection (a) (determined without regard to sections 4281 and 4282).

(3) Special rule for Alaska and Hawaii

In any case in which the tax imposed by paragraph (1) applies to a domestic segment beginning or ending in Alaska or Hawaii, such tax shall apply only to departures and shall be at the rate of $6.

(d) By whom paid

Except as provided in section 4263(a), the taxes imposed by this section shall be paid by the person making the payment subject to the tax.

(e) Special rules

(1) Segments to and from rural airports

(A) Exception from segment tax

The tax imposed by subsection (b)(1) shall not apply to any domestic segment beginning or ending at an airport which is a rural airport for the calendar year in which such segment begins or ends (as the case may be).

(B) Rural airport

For purposes of this paragraph, the term “rural airport” means, with respect to any calendar year, any airport if—

(i) there were fewer than 100,000 commercial passengers departing by air (in the case of any airport described in clause (ii)(III), on flight segments of at least 100 miles) during the second preceding calendar year from such airport, and

(ii) such airport—

(I) is not located within 75 miles of another airport which is not described in clause (i),

(II) is receiving essential air service subsidies as of the date of the enactment of this paragraph, or

(III) is not connected by paved roads to another airport.

(C) No phasein of reduced ticket tax

In the case of transportation beginning before October 1, 1999—

(i) In general

Paragraph (5) shall not apply to any domestic segment beginning or ending at an airport which is a rural airport for the calendar year in which such segment begins or ends (as the case may be).

(ii) Transportation involving multiple segments

In the case of transportation involving more than 1 domestic segment at least 1 of which does not begin or end at a rural airport, the 7.5 percent rate applicable by reason of clause (i) shall be applied by taking into account only an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount paid for such transportation as the number of specified miles in domestic segments which begin or end at a rural airport bears to the total number of specified miles in such transportation.

(2) Amounts paid outside the United States

In the case of amounts paid outside the United States for taxable transportation, the taxes imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall apply only if such transportation begins and ends in the United States.

(3) Amounts paid for right to award free or reduced rate air transportation

(A) In general

Any amount paid (and the value of any other benefit provided) to an air carrier (or any related person) for the right to provide mileage awards for (or other reductions in the cost of) any transportation of persons by air shall be treated for purposes of subsection (a) as an amount paid for taxable transportation, and such amount shall be taxable under subsection (a) without regard to any other provision of this subchapter.

(B) Controlled group

For purposes of subparagraph (A), a corporation and all wholly owned subsidiaries of such corporation shall be treated as 1 corporation.

(C) Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe rules which reallocate items of income, deduction, credit, exclusion, or other allowance to the extent necessary to prevent the avoidance of tax imposed by reason of this paragraph. The Secretary may prescribe rules which exclude from the tax imposed by subsection (a) amounts attributable to mileage awards which are used other than for transportation of persons by air.

(4) Inflation adjustment of dollar rates of tax

(A) In general

In the case of taxable events in a calendar year after the last nonindexed year, the $3.00 amount contained in subsection (b) and each dollar amount contained in subsection (c) shall be increased by an amount equal to—

(i) such dollar amount, multiplied by

(ii) the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1(f)(3) for such calendar year by substituting the year before the last nonindexed year for “calendar year 1992” in subparagraph (B) thereof.


If any increase determined under the preceding sentence is not a multiple of 10 cents, such increase shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of 10 cents.

(B) Last nonindexed year

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the last nonindexed year is—

(i) 2002 in the case of the $3.00 amount contained in subsection (b), and

(ii) 1998 in the case of the dollar amounts contained in subsection (c).

(C) Taxable event

For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of the tax imposed by subsection (b), the beginning of the domestic segment shall be treated as the taxable event.

(D) Special rule for amounts paid for domestic segments beginning after 2002

If an amount is paid during a calendar year for a domestic segment beginning in a later calendar year, then the rate of tax under subsection (b) on such amount shall be the rate in effect for the calendar year in which such amount is paid.

(5) Rates of ticket tax for transportation beginning before October 1, 1999

Subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting for “7.5 percent”—

(A) “9 percent” in the case of transportation beginning after September 30, 1997, and before October 1, 1998, and

(B) “8 percent” in the case of transportation beginning after September 30, 1998, and before October 1, 1999.

(f) Exemption for certain uses

No tax shall be imposed under subsection (a) or (b) on air transportation—

(1) by helicopter for the purpose of transporting individuals, equipment, or supplies in the exploration for, or the development or removal of, hard minerals, oil, or gas, or

(2) by helicopter or by fixed-wing aircraft for the purpose of the planting, cultivation, cutting, or transportation of, or caring for, trees (including logging operations),


but only if the helicopter or fixed-wing aircraft does not take off from, or land at, a facility eligible for assistance under the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, or otherwise use services provided pursuant to section 44509 or 44913(b) or subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code, during such use. In the case of helicopter transportation described in paragraph (1), this subsection shall be applied by treating each flight segment as a distinct flight.

(g) Exemption for air ambulances providing certain emergency medical transportation

No tax shall be imposed under this section or section 4271 on any air transportation for the purpose of providing emergency medical services—

(1) by helicopter, or

(2) by a fixed-wing aircraft equipped for and exclusively dedicated on that flight to acute care emergency medical services.

(h) Exemption for skydiving uses

No tax shall be imposed by this section or section 4271 on any air transportation exclusively for the purpose of skydiving.

(i) Exemption for seaplanes

No tax shall be imposed by this section or section 4271 on any air transportation by a seaplane with respect to any segment consisting of a takeoff from, and a landing on, water, but only if the places at which such takeoff and landing occur have not received and are not receiving financial assistance from the Airport and Airways Trust Fund.

(j) Application of taxes

(1) In general

The taxes imposed by this section shall apply to—

(A) transportation beginning during the period—

(i) beginning on the 7th day after the date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, and

(ii) ending on January 31, 2012, and


(B) amounts paid during such period for transportation beginning after such period.

(2) Refunds

If, as of the date any transportation begins, the taxes imposed by this section would not have applied to such transportation if paid for on such date, any tax paid under paragraph (1)(B) with respect to such transportation shall be treated as an overpayment.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 506; July 25, 1956, ch. 725, §§1, 4(b), 70 Stat. 644, 646; Pub. L. 86–75, §4, June 30, 1959, 73 Stat. 158; Pub. L. 86–564, title II, §202(a)(3), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 290; Pub. L. 87–72, §3(a)(3), June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 193; Pub. L. 87–508, §5(a), (b), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 115; Pub. L. 88–52, §3(a)(3), June 29, 1963, 77 Stat. 72; Pub. L. 88–348, §2(a)(3), June 30, 1964, 78 Stat. 237; Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §303(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §203(a), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 238; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(7), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812; Pub. L. 96–298, §1(b), July 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 829; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title X, §1018(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1021; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §1878(c)(2), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2903; Pub. L. 100–223, title IV, §§402(a)(1), 404(a), (c), Dec. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 1532, 1533; Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7503(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2362; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11213(a)(1), (d)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–432, 1388–435; Pub. L. 103–272, §5(g)(2), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1374; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1609(b), (d), (e), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1841, 1842; Pub. L. 105–2, §2(b)(1), Feb. 28, 1997, 111 Stat. 5; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1031(b)(1), (c)(1), (2), title XIV, §1435(a), title XVI, §1601(f)(4)(D), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 929, 930, 1052, 1091; Pub. L. 108–176, title IX, §902(a), Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2598; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §§11121(c), 11122(a), 11123(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1951, 1952; Pub. L. 109–135, title IV, §412(vv), Dec. 21, 2005, 119 Stat. 2640; Pub. L. 110–161, div. K, title I, §116(b)(1), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2381; Pub. L. 110–190, §2(b)(1), Feb. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 643; Pub. L. 110–253, §2(b)(1), June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2417; Pub. L. 110–330, §2(b)(1), Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3717; Pub. L. 111–12, §2(b)(1), Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1457; Pub. L. 111–69, §2(b)(1), Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2054; Pub. L. 111–116, §2(b)(1), Dec. 16, 2009, 123 Stat. 3031; Pub. L. 111–153, §2(b)(1), Mar. 31, 2010, 124 Stat. 1084; Pub. L. 111–161, §2(b)(1), Apr. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1126; Pub. L. 111–197, §2(b)(1), July 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 1353; Pub. L. 111–216, title I, §101(b)(1), Aug. 1, 2010, 124 Stat. 2349; Pub. L. 111–249, §2(b)(1), Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2627; Pub. L. 111–329, §2(b)(1), Dec. 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 3566; Pub. L. 112–7, §2(b)(1), Mar. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 31; Pub. L. 112–16, §2(b)(1), May 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 218; Pub. L. 112–21, §2(b)(1), June 29, 2011, 125 Stat. 233; Pub. L. 112–27, §2(b)(1), Aug. 5, 2011, 125 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 112–30, title II, §202(b)(1), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 357.)

Inflation Adjusted Items for Certain Years

For inflation adjustment of certain items in this section, see Revenue Procedures listed in a table under section 1 of this title and Internal Revenue Service announcements listed in a table below.

References in Text

The date of the enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(B)(ii)(II), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 105–34, which was approved Aug. 5, 1997.

The Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, referred to in subsec. (f), is title I of Pub. L. 91–258, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 219, which was classified principally to chapter 25 (§1701 et seq.) of former Title 49, Transportation. Sections 1 to 30 of title I of Pub. L. 91–258, which enacted sections 1701 to 1703, 1711 to 1713, and 1714 to 1730 of former Title 49 and a provision set out as a note under section 1701 of former Title 49, were repealed by Pub. L. 97–248, title V, §523(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 695. Sections 31, 51, 52(a), (b)(4), (6), (c), (d), and 53 of title I of Pub. L. 91–258 were repealed by Pub. L. 103–272, §7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379, the first section of which enacted subtitles II, III, and V to X of Title 49, Transportation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables. For disposition of sections of former Title 49, see table at the beginning of Title 49.

The date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, referred to in subsec. (j)(1)(A)(i), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 105–2, which was approved Feb. 28, 1997.

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (j)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted “January 31, 2012” for “September 16, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–27 substituted “September 16, 2011” for “July 22, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–21 substituted “July 22, 2011” for “June 30, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–16 substituted “June 30, 2011” for “May 31, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–7 substituted “May 31, 2011” for “March 31, 2011”.

2010—Subsec. (j)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 111–329 substituted “March 31, 2011” for “December 31, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–249 substituted “December 31, 2010” for “September 30, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–216 substituted “September 30, 2010” for “August 1, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–197 substituted “August 1, 2010” for “July 3, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–161 substituted “July 3, 2010” for “April 30, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–153 substituted “April 30, 2010” for “March 31, 2010”.

2009—Subsec. (j)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 111–116 substituted “March 31, 2010” for “December 31, 2009”.

Pub. L. 111–69 substituted “December 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2009”.

Pub. L. 111–12 substituted “September 30, 2009” for “March 31, 2009”.

2008—Subsec. (j)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 110–330 substituted “March 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2008”.

Pub. L. 110–253 substituted “September 30, 2008” for “June 30, 2008”.

Pub. L. 110–190 substituted “June 30, 2008” for “February 29, 2008”.

2007—Subsec. (j)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 110–161 substituted “February 29, 2008” for “September 30, 2007”.

2005—Subsec. (e)(1)(B)(i). Pub. L. 109–59, §11122(a)(1), inserted “(in the case of any airport described in clause (ii)(III), on flight segments of at least 100 miles)” after “by air”.

Subsec. (e)(1)(B)(ii)(III). Pub. L. 109–59, §11122(a)(2), added subcl. (III).

Subsec. (e)(4)(C). Pub. L. 109–135 substituted “imposed by subsection (b)” for “imposed subsection (b)”.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–59, §11121(c), amended heading and text of subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “No tax shall be imposed under subsection (a) or (b) on air transportation by helicopter for the purpose of—

“(1) transporting individuals, equipment, or supplies in the exploration for, or the development or removal of, hard minerals, oil, or gas, or

“(2) the planting, cultivation, cutting, or transportation of, or caring for, trees (including logging operations),

but only if the helicopter does not take off from, or land at, a facility eligible for assistance under the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, or otherwise use services provided pursuant to section 44509 or 44913(b) or subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code, during such use. In the case of helicopter transportation described in paragraph (1), this subsection shall be applied by treating each flight segment as a distinct flight.”

Subsecs. (i), (j). Pub. L. 109–59, §11123(a), added subsec. (i) and redesignated former subsec. (i) as (j).

2003—Subsec. (e)(4)(D). Pub. L. 108–176 added subpar. (D).

1997—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(c)(1), added subsec. (a) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (a). Text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed upon the amount paid for taxable transportation (as defined in section 4262) of any person a tax equal to 10 percent of the amount so paid. In the case of amounts paid outside of the United States for taxable transportation, the tax imposed by this subsection shall apply only if such transportation begins and ends in the United States.”

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(c)(1), added subsec. (b) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (b). Text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed upon the amount paid for seating or sleeping accommodations in connection with transportation and with respect to which a tax is imposed by subsection (a), a tax equal to 10 percent of the amount so paid.”

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(c)(1), added subsec. (c) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (c). Text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed a tax of $6 upon any amount paid (whether within or without the United States) for any transportation of any person by air, if such transportation begins in the United States. This subsection shall not apply to any transportation all of which is taxable under subsection (a) (determined without regard to sections 4281 and 4282).”

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(c)(2), added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(c)(2), redesignated subsec. (f) as (g). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (h).

Pub. L. 105–2 amended heading and text of subsec. (g) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The taxes imposed by this section shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after August 31, 1982, and before January 1, 1996, and to transportation beginning on or after the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and before January 1, 1997.”

Subsec. (g)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(b)(1), substituted “September 30, 2007” for “September 30, 1997”.

Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 105–34, §1601(f)(4)(D), inserted “on that flight” after “dedicated”.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105–34, §1435(a), added subsec. (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Pub. L. 105–34, §1031(c)(2), redesignated subsec. (g) as (h).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 105–34, §1435(a), redesignated subsec. (h) as (i).

1996—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(e), inserted at end “In the case of helicopter transportation described in paragraph (1), this subsection shall be applied by treating each flight segment as a distinct flight.”

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(d), amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (f) read as follows:

“(f) Exemption for Certain Emergency Medical Transportation.—No tax shall be imposed under this section or section 4271 on any air transportation by helicopter for the purpose of providing emergency medical services if such helicopter—

“(1) does not take off from, or land at, a facility eligible for assistance under the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970 during such transportation, and

“(2) does not otherwise use services provided pursuant to section 44509 or 44913(b) or subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code, during such transportation.”

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–188, §1609(b), substituted “January 1, 1996, and to transportation beginning on or after the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and before January 1, 1997” for “January 1, 1996”.

1994—Subsecs. (e), (f)(2). Pub. L. 103–272, §5(g)(2), substituted “section 44509 or 44913(b) or subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code,” for “the Airport and Airway Improvement Act of 1982”.

1990—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(a)(1), substituted “10 percent” for “8 percent”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(d)(1), substituted “January 1, 1996” for “January 1, 1991”.

1989—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–239 substituted “$6” for “$3”.

1987—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–223, §404(c), which directed the substitution of “Improvement Act” for “System Improvement Act” could not be executed because such words do not appear.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–223, §404(a), added subsec. (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Pub. L. 100–223, §402(a)(1), substituted “January 1, 1991” for “January 1, 1988”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–223, §404(a), redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).

1986—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 99–514, amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: “transporting individuals, equipment, or supplies in—

“(A) the exploration for, or the development or removal of, hard minerals, or

“(B) the exploration for oil or gas, or”.

1984—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 98–369 amended par. (1) generally, designating existing provisions as subpar. (A) and adding subpar. (B).

1982—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–248 substituted provisions relating to exemptions for certain helicopter uses for provisions that effective with respect to transportation beginning after Sept. 30, 1980, the rate of taxes imposed by subsecs. (a) and (b) would be 5 percent and taxes imposed by subsec. (c) would not apply.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 97–248 added subsec. (f).

1980—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–298 substituted “September 30, 1980” for “June 30, 1980”.

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455, §1904(a)(7)(A), struck out “which begins after June 30, 1970” after “any person”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–455, §1904(a)(7)(A), struck out “which begins after June 30, 1970” after “with transportation”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–455, §1904(a)(7)(B), struck out “and begins after June 30, 1970” after “United States”.

1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–258 consolidated former provisions of subsecs. (a) and (b) for imposition of tax on amounts paid within and outside the United States, substituting an 8 percent rate commencing after June 30, 1970, for prior 5 percent rate commencing after Nov. 15, 1962.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–258 redesignated subsec. (c) as (b), substituting an 8 percent rate in connection with transportation which begins after June 30, 1970, and with respect to which a tax is imposed by subsec. (a) for prior 5 percent rate in connection with transportation which began after Nov. 15, 1962, and with respect to which a tax had been imposed by former provisions of subsecs. (a) and (b). Former subsec. (b) provisions for imposition of tax on amounts paid outside the United States were incorporated in subsec. (a).

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 91–258 added subsec. (c), redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d), and substituted “section 4263(a)” for “section 4264”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–258 added subsec. (e).

1965—Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “November 15, 1962” for “November 15, 1962, and before July 1, 1965” wherever appearing.

1964—Pub. L. 88–348 substituted “July 1, 1965” for “July 1, 1964” wherever appearing.

1963—Pub. L. 88–52 substituted “July 1, 1964” for “July 1, 1963” wherever appearing.

1962—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 87–508, §5(b), struck out imposition of tax on transportation of persons by rail, motor vehicle, or water and substituted “tax equal to 5 percent of the amount so paid in connection with transportation which begins after November 15, 1962, and before July 1, 1963” for “tax equal to 10 percent of the amount so paid for transportation which begins before November 16, 1962”.

Pub. L. 87–508, §5(a), substituted provisions imposing a tax equal to 10 percent of the amount paid for transportation which begins before Nov. 16, 1962, for provisions imposing a tax equal to 10 percent of the amount paid before July 1, 1962, or 5 percent of the amount paid on or after July 1, 1962.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–508, §5(b), substituted “tax equivalent to 5 percent of the amount so paid in connection with transportation which begins after November 15, 1962, and before July 1, 1963” for “tax equivalent to 10 percent of the amount so paid in connection with transportation which begins before November 16, 1962”.

Pub. L. 87–508, §5(a), substituted provision imposing a tax equivalent to 10 percent of the amount paid in connection with transportation which begins before Nov. 16, 1962 for provision imposing a tax equivalent to 10 percent of the amount paid before July 1, 1962, or 5 percent of the amount paid on or after July 1, 1962.

1961—Pub. L. 87–72 substituted “July 1, 1962” for “July 1, 1961”, wherever appearing.

1960—Pub. L. 86–564 substituted “July 1, 1961” for “July 1, 1960” wherever appearing.

1959—Pub. L. 86–75 reduced tax on transportation of persons from ten to five percent effective July 1, 1960.

1956—Subsec. (a). Act July 25, 1956, §1, substituted “taxable transportation (as defined in section 4262) of any person by rail, motor vehicle, water, or air a tax” for “the transportation of persons by rail, motor vehicle, water, or air within or without the United States a tax”.

Subsec. (b). Act July 25, 1956, §1, substituted “taxable transportation (as defined in section 4262) of any person by rail, motor vehicle, water, or air, but only if such transportation begins and ends in the United States” for “transportation of persons by rail, motor vehicle, water, or air which begins and ends in the United States”.

Subsec. (d). Act July 25, 1956, §4(b), substituted “Except as provided in section 4264, the” for “The”.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Sept. 17, 2011, see section 202(c) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–27 effective July 23, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–27, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–21 effective July 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–21, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–16 effective June 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–16, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–7 effective Apr. 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–7, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–329 effective Jan. 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–329, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–249 effective Oct. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–249, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–216 effective Aug. 2, 2010, see section 101(c) of Pub. L. 111–216, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–197 effective July 4, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–197, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–161 effective May 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–161, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–153 effective Apr. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–153, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–116 effective Jan. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–116, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–69 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–69, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–12 effective Apr. 1, 2009, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–12, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–330 effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 110–330, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–253 effective July 1, 2008, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 110–253, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–190 effective Mar. 1, 2008, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 110–190, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective Oct. 1, 2007, see section 116(d) of div. K of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11121(d), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1952, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 6420 of this title] shall apply to fuel use or air transportation after September 30, 2005.”

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11122(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1952, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2005.”

Amendment by section 11123(a) of Pub. L. 109–59 applicable to transportation beginning after Sept. 30, 2005, see section 11123(c) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 4083 of this title.

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–176, title IX, §902(b), Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2598, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 [Pub. L. 105–34] to which they relate.”

Effective Date of 1997 Amendments

Section 1031(e)(2) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that:

“(A) In general.—Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the amendments made by subsections (b) and (c) [amending this section and sections 4263 and 4271 of this title] shall apply to transportation beginning on or after October 1, 1997.

“(B) Treatment of amounts paid for tickets purchased before October 1, 1997.—The amendments made by subsection (c) [amending this section and section 4263 of this title] shall not apply to amounts paid before October 1, 1997; except that—

“(i) the amendment made to section 4261(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall apply to amounts paid more than 7 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997] for transportation beginning on or after October 1, 1997, and

“(ii) the amendment made to section 4263(c) of such Code shall apply to the extent related to taxes imposed under the amendment made to such section 4261(c) on the amounts described in clause (i).

“(C) Amounts paid for right to award mileage awards.—

“(i) In general.—Paragraph (3) of section 4261(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by the amendment made by subsection (c)) shall apply to amounts paid (and other benefits provided) after September 30, 1997.

“(ii) Payments within controlled group.—For purposes of clause (i), any amount paid after June 11, 1997, and before October 1, 1997, by 1 member of a controlled group for a right which is described in such section 4261(e)(3) and is furnished by another member of such group after September 30, 1997, shall be treated as paid after September 30, 1997. For purposes of the preceding sentence, all persons treated as a single employer under subsection (a) or (b) of section 52 of such Code shall be treated as members of a controlled group.”

Section 1435(c)(1) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to amounts paid after September 30, 1997.”

Amendment by section 1601(f)(4)(D) of Pub. L. 105–34 effective as if included in the provisions of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–188, to which it relates, see section 1601(j) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 23 of this title.

Section 2(e)(2) of Pub. L. 105–2 provided that:

“(A) In general.—The amendments made by subsection (b) [amending this section and section 4271 of this title] shall apply to transportation beginning on or after such 7th day [means the 7th day after Feb. 28, 1997].

“(B) Exception for certain payments.—Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the amendments made by subsection (b) shall not apply to any amount paid before such 7th day.

“(C) Payments of property transportation tax within controlled group.—In the case of the tax imposed by section 4271 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, subparagraph (B) shall not apply to any amount paid by 1 member of a controlled group for transportation furnished by another member of such group. For purposes of the preceding sentence, all persons treated as a single employer under subsection (a) or (b) of section 52 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be treated as members of a controlled group.”

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188 effective on 7th calendar day after Aug. 20, 1996, but not applicable to any amount paid before such date, see section 1609(i) of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Section 11213(a)(3) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section and section 4271 of this title] shall apply to transportation beginning after November 30, 1990, but shall not apply to amounts paid on or before such date.”

Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Section 7503(b) of Pub. L. 101–239 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after December 31, 1989, which was not paid for before such date.”

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Section 404(d)(1) of Pub. L. 100–223 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to transportation beginning after September 30, 1988, but shall not apply to amounts paid on or before such date.”

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, to which such amendment relates, see section 1881 of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Section 1018(c)(2) of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall apply to transportation beginning after March 31, 1984, but shall not apply to any amount paid on or before such date.”

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Section 280(d) of Pub. L. 97–248 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 4271, 4281, and 6156 of this title and repealing sections 4491 to 4494 and 6426 of this title] shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after August 31, 1982; except that such amendments shall not apply to any amount paid on or before such date.”

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–258 applicable to transportation beginning after June 30, 1970, see section 211(b) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 701(b)(3) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendments made by section 303 [amending this section] shall apply with respect to amounts paid for transportation, and amounts paid for accommodations in connection with transportation, beginning on or after July 1, 1965.”

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Section 5(b) of Pub. L. 87–508 provided that the amendment made by that section is effective with respect to transportation beginning after Nov. 15, 1962.

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Section 6 of act July 25, 1956, provided that: “The amendments made by this Act [amending this section and sections 4262 to 4264, 4291, and 6421 of this title] shall apply to amounts paid on or after the first day of the first month which begins more than sixty days after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 25, 1956] for transportation commencing on or after such first day.”

Delayed Deposits of Airport Trust Fund Tax Revenues

Due date for deposits of taxes imposed by this section which would be required to be made after Aug. 14, 1997, and before Oct. 1, 1997, to be Oct. 10, 1997, and due date for deposits of taxes imposed by this section which would be required to be made after Aug. 14, 1998, and before Oct. 1, 1998, to be Oct. 5, 1998, see section 1031(g) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 6302 of this title.

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Inflation Adjusted Items for Certain Years

Provisions relating to inflation adjustment of items in this section for certain years were contained in the following:

2012—Revenue Procedure 2011–52.

2011—Internal Revenue News Release IR 2010–129, Dec. 29, 2010.

2010—Internal Revenue News Release IR 2009–120, Dec. 23, 2009.

§4262. Definition of taxable transportation

(a) Taxable transportation; in general

For purposes of this part, except as provided in subsection (b), the term “taxable transportation” means—

(1) transportation by air which begins in the United States or in the 225–mile zone and ends in the United States or in the 225–mile zone; and

(2) in the case of transportation by air other than transportation described in paragraph (1), that portion of such transportation which is directly or indirectly from one port or station in the United States to another port or station in the United States, but only if such portion is not a part of uninterrupted international air transportation (within the meaning of subsection (c)(3)).

(b) Exclusion of certain travel

For purposes of this part, the term “taxable transportation” does not include that portion of any transportation by air which meets all 4 of the following requirements:

(1) such portion is outside the United States;

(2) neither such portion nor any segment thereof is directly or indirectly—

(A) between (i) a point where the route of the transportation leaves or enters the continental United States, or (ii) a port or station in the 225-mile zone, and

(B) a port or station in the 225-mile zone;


(3) such portion—

(A) begins at either (i) the point where the route of the transportation leaves the United States, or (ii) a port or station in the 225-mile zone, and

(B) ends at either (i) the point where the route of the transportation enters the United States, or (ii) a port or station in the 225-mile zone; and


(4) a direct line from the point (or the port or station) specified in paragraph (3)(A), to the point (or the port or station) specified in paragraph (3)(B), passes through or over a point which is not within 225 miles of the United States.

(c) Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1) Continental United States

The term “continental United States” means the District of Columbia and the States other than Alaska and Hawaii.

(2) 225-mile zone

The term “225-mile zone” means that portion of Canada and Mexico which is not more than 225 miles from the nearest point in the continental United States.

(3) Uninterrupted international air transportation

The term “uninterrupted international air transportation” means any transportation by air which is not transportation described in subsection (a)(1) and in which—

(A) the scheduled interval between (i) the beginning or end of the portion of such transportation which is directly or indirectly from one port or station in the United States to another port or station in the United States and (ii) the end or beginning of the other portion of such transportation is not more than 12 hours, and

(B) the scheduled interval between the beginning or end and the end or beginning of any two segments of the portion of such transportation referred to in subparagraph (A)(i) is not more than 12 hours.


For purposes of this paragraph, in the case of personnel of the United States Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard traveling in uniform at their own expense when on official leave, furlough, or pass, the scheduled interval described in subparagraph (A) shall be deemed to be not more than 12 hours if a ticket for the subsequent portion of such transportation is purchased within 12 hours after the end of the earlier portion of such transportation and the purchaser accepts and utilizes the first accommodations actually available to him for such subsequent portion.

(d) Transportation

For purposes of this part, the term “transportation” includes layover or waiting time and movement of the aircraft in deadhead service.

(e) Authority to waive 225-mile zone provisions

(1) In general

If the Secretary of the Treasury determines that Canada or Mexico has entered into a qualified agreement—

(A) the Secretary shall publish a notice of such determination in the Federal Register, and

(B) effective with respect to transportation beginning after the date specified in such notice, to the extent provided in the agreement, the term “225-mile zone” shall not include part or all of the country with respect to which such determination is made.

(2) Termination of waiver

If a determination was made under paragraph (1) with respect to any country and the Secretary of the Treasury subsequently determines that the agreement is no longer in effect or that the agreement is no longer a qualified agreement—

(A) the Secretary shall publish a notice of such determination in the Federal Register, and

(B) subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall cease to apply with respect to transportation beginning after the date specified in such notice.

(3) Qualified agreement

For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualified agreement” means an agreement between the United States and Canada or Mexico (as the case may be)—

(A) setting forth that portion of such country which is not to be treated as within the 225-mile zone, and

(B) providing that the tax imposed by such country on transportation described in subparagraph (A) will be at a level which the Secretary of the Treasury determines to be appropriate.

(4) Requirement that agreement be submitted to Congress

No notice may be published under paragraph (1)(A) with respect to any qualified agreement before the date 90 days after the date on which a copy of such agreement was furnished to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate.

(Added July 25, 1956, ch. 725, §3, 70 Stat. 644; amended Pub. L. 86–70, §22(b), June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 146; Pub. L. 86–624, §18(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 416; Pub. L. 87–508, §5(b), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 116; Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §803(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 160; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §203(b), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 238; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §281A(a)(1), (2), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 566, 567.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4262 was renumbered 4263 of this title and later repealed.

Amendments

1982—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 97–248, §281A(a)(1), substituted “12 hours” for “6 hours” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–248, §281A(a)(2), added subsec. (e).

1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–258, §203(b)(1)–(3), substituted “part” for “subchapter” in introductory text, “transportation by air” for “transportation” in par. (1), and “in the case of transportation by air” for “in the case of transportation” in par. (2), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–258, §203(b)(1), (4), substituted “part” for “subchapter” and “transportation by air which” for “transportation which”, in introductory text, respectively.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–258, §203(b)(5), added subsec. (d).

1965—Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 89–44 inserted sentence relating to personnel of the Armed Forces traveling in uniform at their own expense following subpar. (B).

1962—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–508 substituted in introductory phrase “subchapter” for “part” and inserted in par. (2) “, but only if such portion is not a part of uninterrupted international air transportation (within the meaning of subsection (c)(3))”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87–508 substituted in introductory phrase “subchapter” for “part”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 87–508 added par. (3).

1960—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 86–624 inserted “and Hawaii” after “Alaska”.

1959—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 86–70 substituted “the District of Columbia and the States other than Alaska” for “the existing 48 States and the District of Columbia”.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Section 281A(a)(3) of Pub. L. 97–248 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply to transportation beginning after August 31, 1982.”

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–258 applicable to transportation beginning after June 30, 1970, see section 211(b) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 803(b) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to amounts paid for transportation beginning on or after July 1, 1965.”

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Section 5(b) of Pub. L. 87–508 provided that the amendment made by that section is effective with respect to transportation beginning after Nov. 15, 1962.

Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–624 effective August 21, 1959, see section 18(k) of Pub. L. 86–624, set out as a note under section 3121 of this title.

Effective Date of 1959 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–70 effective Jan. 3, 1959, see section 22(i) of Pub. L. 86–70, set out as a note under section 3121 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to amounts paid on or after first day of first month which begins more than sixty days after July 25, 1956, for transportation commencing on or after such first day, see section 6 of act July 25, 1956, set out as an Effective Date of 1956 Amendment note under section 4261 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

§4263. Special rules

(a) Payments made outside the United States for prepaid orders

If the payment upon which tax is imposed by section 4261 is made outside the United States for a prepaid order, exchange order, or similar order, the person furnishing the initial transportation pursuant to such order shall collect the amount of the tax.

(b) Tax deducted upon refunds

Every person who refunds any amount with respect to a ticket or order which was purchased without payment of the tax imposed by section 4261 shall deduct from the amount refundable, to the extent available, any tax due under such section as a result of the use of a portion of the transportation purchased in connection with such ticket or order, and shall report to the Secretary the amount of any such tax remaining uncollected.

(c) Payment of tax

Where any tax imposed by section 4261 is not paid at the time payment for transportation is made, then, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, to the extent that such tax is not collected under any other provision of this subchapter, such tax shall be paid by the carrier providing the initial segment of such transportation which begins or ends in the United States.

(d) Application of tax

The tax imposed by section 4261 shall apply to any amount paid within the United States for transportation of any person by air unless the taxpayer establishes, pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary at the time of payment for the transportation, that the transportation is not transportation in respect of which tax is imposed by section 4261.

(e) Round trips

In applying this subchapter to a round trip, such round trip shall be considered to consist of transportation from the point of departure to the destination, and of separate transportation thereafter.

(f) Transportation outside the northern portion of the Western Hemisphere

In applying this subchapter to transportation any part of which is outside the northern portion of the Western Hemisphere, if the route of such transportation leaves and reenters the northern portion of the Western Hemisphere, such transportation shall be considered to consist of transportation to a point outside such northern portion, and of separate transportation thereafter. For purposes of this subsection, the term “northern portion of the Western Hemisphere” means the area lying west of the 30th meridian west of Greenwich, east of the international dateline, and north of the Equator, but not including any country of South America.

(Added July 25, 1956, ch. 725, §4(a), 70 Stat. 645, §4264; amended Pub. L. 87–508, §5(b), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 117; renumbered §4263, Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(c)(2), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 242; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1031(c)(3), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 932.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4263, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 506, §4263, formerly §4262; renumbered §4263 and amended July 25, 1956, ch. 725, §2, 70 Stat. 644; Aug. 7, 1956, ch. 1024, §1, 70 Stat. 1077; June 29, 1957, Pub. L. 85–74, 71 Stat. 243; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §134, 72 Stat. 1292; June 28, 1962, Pub. L. 87–508, §5(b), 76 Stat. 117, provided for exemptions, subsecs. (a) to (d) relating to commutation travel, etc., certain organizations; members of the Armed Forces, and small aircraft on nonestablished lines, respectively, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(c)(1), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 242, effective on July 1, 1970, as provided in section 211(a) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Amendments

1997—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–34 substituted “subchapter, such tax shall be paid by the carrier providing the initial segment of such transportation which begins or ends in the United States.” for “subchapter—

“(1) such tax shall be paid by the person paying for the transportation or by the person using the transportation;

“(2) such tax shall be paid within such time as the Secretary shall prescribe by regulations after whichever of the following first occurs:

“(A) the rights to the transportation expire; or

“(B) the time when the transportation becomes subject to tax; and

“(3) payment of such tax shall be made to the Secretary, to the person to whom the payment for transportation was made, or, in the case of transportation other than transportation described in section 4262(a)(1), to any person furnishing any portion of such transportation.”

1976—Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

1962—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 87–508 provided for payment of tax, in the case of transportation other than transportation described in section 4262(a)(1), to any person furnishing any portion of the transportation.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 87–508 inserted “by air” after “transportation of any person”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 87–508 substituted “subchapter” for “part”.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 87–508 substituted “subchapter” for “part”, struck out par. (1) designation for provision respecting transportation outside the northern portion of the Western Hemisphere and par. (2) prohibiting consideration as a stop at a port within the United States a stop at an intermediate port at which vessel is not authorized to discharge and take on passengers.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34 applicable to transportation beginning on or after Oct. 1, 1997, with special rule for applicability to amounts paid before Oct. 1, 1997, see section 1031(e)(2) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Section 5(b) of Pub. L. 87–508 provided that the amendment made by that section is effective with respect to transportation beginning after Nov. 15, 1962.

Effective Date

Section applicable to amounts paid on or after first day of first month which begins more than sixty days after July 25, 1956, for transportation commencing on or after such first day, see section 6 of act July 25, 1956, set out as an Effective Date of 1956 Amendment note under section 4261 of this title.

PART II—PROPERTY

Sec.
4271.
Imposition of tax.
4272.
Definition of taxable transportation, etc.

        

Amendments

1970—Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §204, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 239, added “PART II—PROPERTY” and items 4271 and 4272.

§4271. Imposition of tax

(a) In general

There is hereby imposed upon the amount paid within or without the United States for the taxable transportation (as defined in section 4272) of property a tax equal to 6.25 percent of the amount so paid for such transportation. The tax imposed by this subsection shall apply only to amounts paid to a person engaged in the business of transporting property by air for hire.

(b) By whom paid

(1) In general

Except as provided by paragraph (2), the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be paid by the person making the payment subject to tax.

(2) Payments made outside the United States

If a payment subject to tax under subsection (a) is made outside the United States and the person making such payment does not pay such tax, such tax—

(A) shall be paid by the person to whom the property is delivered in the United States by the person furnishing the last segment of the taxable transportation in respect of which such tax is imposed, and

(B) shall be collected by the person furnishing the last segment of such taxable transportation.

(c) Determination of amounts paid in certain cases

For purposes of this section, in any case in which a person engaged in the business of transporting property by air for hire and one or more other persons not so engaged jointly provide services which include taxable transportation of property, and the person so engaged receives, for the furnishing of such taxable transportation, a portion of the receipts from the joint providing of such services, the amount paid for the taxable transportation shall be treated as being the sum of (1) the portion of the receipts so received, and (2) any expenses incurred by any of the persons not so engaged which are properly attributable to such taxable transportation and which are taken into account in determining the portion of the receipts so received.

(d) Application of tax

(1) In general

The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall apply to—

(A) transportation beginning during the period—

(i) beginning on the 7th day after the date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, and

(ii) ending on January 31, 2012, and


(B) amounts paid during such period for transportation beginning after such period.

(2) Refunds

If, as of the date any transportation begins, the taxes imposed by this section would not have applied to such transportation if paid for on such date, any tax paid under paragraph (1)(B) with respect to such transportation shall be treated as an overpayment.

(Added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §204, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 239; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(8), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812; Pub. L. 96–298, §1(b), July 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 829; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(b), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564; Pub. L. 100–223, title IV, §402(a)(2), Dec. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 1532; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11213(a)(2), (d)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–432, 1388–435; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1609(b), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1841; Pub. L. 105–2, §2(b)(2), Feb. 28, 1997, 111 Stat. 5; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, §1031(b)(2), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 929; Pub. L. 110–161, div. K, title I, §116(b)(2), Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2381; Pub. L. 110–190, §2(b)(2), Feb. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 643; Pub. L. 110–253, §2(b)(2), June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2417; Pub. L. 110–330, §2(b)(2), Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3717; Pub. L. 111–12, §2(b)(2), Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1457; Pub. L. 111–69, §2(b)(2), Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2054; Pub. L. 111–116, §2(b)(2), Dec. 16, 2009, 123 Stat. 3031; Pub. L. 111–153, §2(b)(2), Mar. 31, 2010, 124 Stat. 1084; Pub. L. 111–161, §2(b)(2), Apr. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1126; Pub. L. 111–197, §2(b)(2), July 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 1353; Pub. L. 111–216, title I, §101(b)(2), Aug. 1, 2010, 124 Stat. 2349; Pub. L. 111–249, §2(b)(2), Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2627; Pub. L. 111–329, §2(b)(2), Dec. 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 3566; Pub. L. 112–7, §2(b)(2), Mar. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 31; Pub. L. 112–16, §2(b)(2), May 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 218; Pub. L. 112–21, §2(b)(2), June 29, 2011, 125 Stat. 233; Pub. L. 112–27, §2(b)(2), Aug. 5, 2011, 125 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 112–30, title II, §202(b)(2), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 357.)

References in Text

The date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, referred to in subsec. (d)(1)(A)(i), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 105–2, which was approved Feb. 28, 1997.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4271, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 507, 508, related to tax for the transportation of property, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–475, §4(a), June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 260. For effective date of repeal, see section 4(c) of Pub. L. 85–475, set out as an Effective Date of 1958 Amendment note under section 6415 of this title.

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted “January 31, 2012” for “September 16, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–27 substituted “September 16, 2011” for “July 22, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–21 substituted “July 22, 2011” for “June 30, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–16 substituted “June 30, 2011” for “May 31, 2011”.

Pub. L. 112–7 substituted “May 31, 2011” for “March 31, 2011”.

2010—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 111–329 substituted “March 31, 2011” for “December 31, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–249 substituted “December 31, 2010” for “September 30, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–216 substituted “September 30, 2010” for “August 1, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–197 substituted “August 1, 2010” for “July 3, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–161 substituted “July 3, 2010” for “April 30, 2010”.

Pub. L. 111–153 substituted “April 30, 2010” for “March 31, 2010”.

2009—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 111–116 substituted “March 31, 2010” for “December 31, 2009”.

Pub. L. 111–69 substituted “December 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2009”.

Pub. L. 111–12 substituted “September 30, 2009” for “March 31, 2009”.

2008—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 110–330 substituted “March 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2008”.

Pub. L. 110–253 substituted “September 30, 2008” for “June 30, 2008”.

Pub. L. 110–190 substituted “June 30, 2008” for “February 29, 2008”.

2007—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 110–161 substituted “February 29, 2008” for “September 30, 2007”.

1997—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–2 amended heading and text of subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after August 31, 1982, and before January 1, 1996, and to transportation beginning on or after the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and before January 1, 1997.”

Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 105–34 substituted “September 30, 2007” for “September 30, 1997”.

1996—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–188 substituted “January 1, 1996, and to transportation beginning on or after the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and before January 1, 1997” for “January 1, 1996”.

1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(a)(2), substituted “6.25 percent” for “5 percent”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508, §11213(d)(1), substituted “January 1, 1996” for “January 1, 1991”.

1987—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–223 substituted “1991” for “1988”.

1982—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–248 substituted provision that the tax imposed by subsec. (a) shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after Aug. 31, 1982, and before Jan. 1, 1988, for provision that effective with respect to transportation beginning after Sept. 30, 1980, the tax imposed by subsec. (a) would not apply.

1980—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–298 substituted “September 30, 1980” for “June 30, 1980”.

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “which begins after June 30, 1970” after “of property”.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30 effective Sept. 17, 2011, see section 202(c) of Pub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–27 effective July 23, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–27, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–21 effective July 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–21, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–16 effective June 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–16, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–7 effective Apr. 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 112–7, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–329 effective Jan. 1, 2011, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–329, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–249 effective Oct. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–249, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–216 effective Aug. 2, 2010, see section 101(c) of Pub. L. 111–216, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–197 effective July 4, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–197, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–161 effective May 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–161, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–153 effective Apr. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–153, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–116 effective Jan. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–116, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–69 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–69, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–12 effective Apr. 1, 2009, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 111–12, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–330 effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 110–330, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–253 effective July 1, 2008, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 110–253, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–190 effective Mar. 1, 2008, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 110–190, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161 effective Oct. 1, 2007, see section 116(d) of div. K of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34 applicable to transportation beginning on or after Oct. 1, 1997, see section 1031(e)(2) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–2 applicable to transportation beginning on or after the 7th day after Feb. 28, 1997, with special rule for applicability to amounts paid before such 7th day, see section 2(e)(2) of Pub. L. 105–2, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188 effective on 7th calendar day after Aug. 20, 1996, but not applicable to any amount paid before such date, see section 1609(i) of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 11213(a)(2) of Pub. L. 101–508 applicable to transportation beginning after Nov. 30, 1990, but inapplicable to amounts paid on or before such date, see section 11213(a)(3) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–248 applicable with respect to transportation beginning after Aug. 31, 1982, but inapplicable to amounts paid on or before such date, see section 280(d) of Pub. L. 97–248, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date

Section applicable to transportation beginning after June 30, 1970, see section 211(b) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

Delayed Deposits of Airport Trust Fund Tax Revenues

Due date for deposits of taxes imposed by this section which would be required to be made after July 31, 1998, and before Oct. 1, 1998, to be Oct. 5, 1998, see section 1031(g) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 6302 of this title.

§4272. Definition of taxable transportation, etc.

(a) In general

For purposes of this part, except as provided in subsection (b), the term “taxable transportation” means transportation by air which begins and ends in the United States.

(b) Exceptions

For purposes of this part, the term “taxable transportation” does not include—

(1) that portion of any transportation which meets the requirements of paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of section 4262(b), or

(2) under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, transportation of property in the course of exportation (including shipment to a possession of the United States) by continuous movement, and in due course so exported.

(c) Excess baggage of passengers

For purposes of this part, the term “property” does not include excess baggage accompanying a passenger traveling on an aircraft operated on an established line.

(d) Transportation

For purposes of this part, the term “transportation” includes layover or waiting time and movement of the aircraft in deadhead service.

(Added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §204, May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 240; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834.)

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 4272 and 4273 were repealed by Pub. L. 85–475, §4(a), June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 260. For effective date of repeal, see section 4(c) of Pub. L. 85–475, set out as an Effective Date of 1958 Amendment note under section 6415 of this title.

Section 4272, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 507, 508, related to exemptions from tax for the transportation of property.

Section 4273, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 507, 508, related to registration in connection with the tax for the transportation of property.

Amendments

1976—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

PART III—SPECIAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO TAXES ON TRANSPORTATION BY AIR

Sec.
4281.
Small aircraft on nonestablished lines.
4282.
Transportation by air for other members of affiliated group.
[4283.
Repealed.]

        

Amendments

1990—Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11213(e)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–436, struck out item 4283 “Reduction in aviation-related taxes in certain cases”.

1987—Pub. L. 100–223, title IV, §405(c), Dec. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 1535, added item 4283.

1970—Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(a)(1), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 241, inserted “PART III—SPECIAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO TAXES ON TRANSPORTATION BY AIR.”

§4281. Small aircraft on nonestablished lines

The taxes imposed by sections 4261 and 4271 shall not apply to transportation by an aircraft having a maximum certificated takeoff weight of 6,000 pounds or less, except when such aircraft is operated on an established line. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “maximum certificated takeoff weight” means the maximum such weight contained in the type certificate or airworthiness certificate. For purposes of this section, an aircraft shall not be considered as operated on an established line at any time during which such aircraft is being operated on a flight the sole purpose of which is sightseeing.

(Added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(a)(1), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 241; amended Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(c)(2)(B), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11124(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1952.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4281, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 508, related to tax on transportation of oil by pipeline, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–475, §4(a), June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 260. For effective date of repeal, see section 4(c) of Pub. L. 85–475, set out as an Effective Date of 1958 Amendment note under section 6415 of this title.

Amendments

2005—Pub. L. 109–59 inserted at end “For purposes of this section, an aircraft shall not be considered as operated on an established line at any time during which such aircraft is being operated on a flight the sole purpose of which is sightseeing.”

1982—Pub. L. 97–248 struck out “(as defined in section 4492(b))” after “certificated takeoff weight”, and inserted provision defining “maximum certificated takeoff weight”.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11124(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1953, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after September 30, 2005, but shall not apply to any amount paid before such date for such transportation.”

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–248 applicable with respect to transportation beginning after Aug. 31, 1982, but inapplicable to amounts paid on or before such date, see section 280(d) of Pub. L. 97–248, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective on July 1, 1970, see section 211(a) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

§4282. Transportation by air for other members of affiliated group

(a) General rule

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, if—

(1) one member of an affiliated group is the owner or lessee of an aircraft, and

(2) such aircraft is not available for hire by persons who are not members of such group,


no tax shall be imposed under section 4261 or 4271 upon any payment received by one member of the affiliated group from another member of such group for services furnished to such other member in connection with the use of such aircraft.

(b) Availability for hire

For purposes of subsection (a), the determination of whether an aircraft is available for hire by persons who are not members of an affiliated group shall be made on a flight-by-flight basis.

(c) Affiliated group

For purposes of subsection (a), the term “affiliated group” has the meaning assigned to such term by section 1504(a), except that all corporations shall be treated as includible corporations (without any exclusion under section 1504(b)).

(Added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(a)(1), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 241; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1609(f), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1842.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4282, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 508, defined “fair charge” in connection with tax on transportation of oil by pipeline, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–475, §4(a), June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 260. For effective date of repeal, see section 4(c) of Pub. L. 85–475, set out as an Effective Date of 1958 Amendment note under section 6415 of this title.

Amendments

1996—Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 104–188 added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsec. (b) as (c).

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188 effective on 7th calendar day after Aug. 20, 1996, see section 1609(i) of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

[§4283. Repealed. Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11213(e)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–436]

Section, added Pub. L. 100–223, title IV, §405(a), Dec. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 1533; amended Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7501(a)–(b)(2), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2361, provided for reduction in aviation-related taxes in certain cases.

[Subchapter D—Repealed]

[§§4286, 4287. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §304, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148]

Section 4286, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 510, imposed a tax equivalent to 10 percent of the amount collected for the use of safety deposit boxes.

Section 4287, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 510, defined safety deposit box.

Effective Date of Repeal

Section 701(b)(4) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendments made by section 304 [repealing these sections] shall apply with respect to use periods beginning on or after July 1, 1965.”

Subchapter E—Special Provisions Applicable to Services and Facilities Taxes

Sec.
4291.
Cases where persons receiving payment must collect tax.
[4292.
Repealed.]
4293.
Exemption for United States and possessions.
[4294, 4295. Repealed.]

        

Amendments

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(b)(4), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1815, struck out items 4292, 4294, and 4295 relating to State and local governmental exemption, exemption for nonprofit educational organizations, and cross reference to general administrative provisions, respectively.

1958—Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §135(b), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1292, added item 4294 and redesignated former item 4294 as 4295.

§4291. Cases where persons receiving payment must collect tax

Except as otherwise provided in section 4263(a), every person receiving any payment for facilities or services on which a tax is imposed upon the payor thereof under this chapter shall collect the amount of the tax from the person making such payment.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 511; July 25, 1956, ch. 725, §4(c), 70 Stat. 646; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §131(g), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1287; Pub. L. 89–44, title III, §305(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(c)(3), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 242.)

Amendments

1970—Pub. L. 91–258 substituted “section 4263(a)” for “section 4264(a)”.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44 struck out reference to section 4231 and struck out sentence referring to tax imposed on life memberships by section 4241.

1958—Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “Except as otherwise provided in sections 3241 and 4262(a)” for “Except as provided in section 4264(a)”.

1956—Act July 25, 1956, inserted “Except as provided in section 4264(a)”, and struck out provisions which related to collection of tax where payment specified in section 4261 was made outside the United States for a prepaid order, exchange order, or similar order.

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–258 effective on July 1, 1970, see section 211(a) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 701(b)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that:

“(A) The amendments made by sections 301 and 305 [repealing sections 4231 to 4234 and 4241 to 4243 of this title and amending this section and section 6040 of this title] insofar as they relate to the taxes imposed by section 4231 of the Code, shall apply with respect to admissions, services, or uses after noon, December 31, 1965.

“(B) The amendments made by sections 301 and 305 insofar as they relate to the taxes imposed by section 4241 of the Code, shall apply with respect to—

“(i) dues and membership fees attributable to periods beginning on or after January 1, 1966;

“(ii) initiation fees (other than initiation fees to which clause (iii) applies) and amounts paid for life memberships attributable to memberships beginning on or after January 1, 1966;

“(iii) initiation fees paid on or after July 1, 1965, to a new club or organization which first makes its facilities available to members on or after such date; and

“(iv) in the case of amounts described in section 4243(b) of the Code, 3-year periods beginning on or after January 1, 1966.”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–859 effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act July 25, 1956, applicable to amounts paid on or after first day of first month which begins more than sixty days after July 25, 1956, for transportation commencing on or after such first day, see section 6 of act July 25, 1956, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.

[§4292. Repealed. Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(9), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812]

Section, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 511; June 30, 1958, Pub. L. 85–475, §4(b)(3), 72 Stat. 260; May 21, 1970, Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(a)(2), 84 Stat. 241, provided tax exemption for any payment received for services or facilities furnished to any State, Territory, or political subdivision of such, or the District of Columbia.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as an Effective Date of 1976 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

§4293. Exemption for United States and possessions

The Secretary of the Treasury may authorize exemption from the taxes imposed by subchapter A of chapter 31, section 4041, section 4051, chapter 32 (other than the taxes imposed by sections 4064 and 4121) and subchapter B of chapter 33, as to any particular article, or service or class of articles or services, to be purchased for the exclusive use of the United States, if he determines that the imposition of such taxes with respect to such articles or services, or class of articles or services will cause substantial burden or expense which can be avoided by granting tax exemption and that full benefit of such exemption, if granted, will accrue to the United States.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 511; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(a)(3), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 241; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(B), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–227, §2(b)(3), Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 12; Pub. L. 95–502, title II, §202(b), Oct. 21, 1978, 92 Stat. 1697; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, §201(c)(2), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3184; Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, §6103(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3711; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11221(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–444.)

Amendments

1990—Pub. L. 101–508 inserted “subchapter A of chapter 31,” before “section 4041”.

1988—Pub. L. 100–647 inserted reference to section 4051 of this title.

1978—Pub. L. 95–618 substituted “taxes imposed by sections 4064 and 4121” for “tax imposed by section 4121”.

Pub. L. 95–502 substituted “section 4041, chapter 32” for “chapters 31 and 32”.

Pub. L. 95–227 inserted “(other than the tax imposed by section 4121)” after “chapters 31 and 32”.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 substituted “Secretary of the Treasury” for “Secretary” after “The”.

1970—Pub. L. 91–258 substituted “subchapter B” for “subchapters B and C”.

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 effective Jan. 1, 1991, with exception for contracts binding on Sept. 30, 1990, and at all times thereafter, see section 11221(f) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Section 6103(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988].”

Effective Date of 1978 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–618 applicable with respect to 1980 and later model year automobiles, see section 201(g) of Pub. L. 95–618, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4064 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–502 effective Oct. 1, 1980, see section 202(d) of Pub. L. 95–502, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4042 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–227 applicable with respect to sales after Mar. 31, 1978, see section 2(d) of Pub. L. 95–227, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4121 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1906(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 6013 of this title.

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–258 effective July 1, 1970, see section 211(a) of Pub. L. 91–258, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

[§§4294, 4295. Repealed. Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(10), (11), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812]

Section 4294, added Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §135(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1292; amended Pub. L. 86–344, §2(d), Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 618; Pub. L. 91–72, title I, §101(j)(28), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 529; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §205(a)(4), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 241, provided an exemption from tax for services and facilities furnished to a nonprofit educational organization and defined “nonprofit educational organization”.

Section 4295, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 511, §4295, formerly §4294, renumbered Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §135(a), 72 Stat. 1292, related to a cross reference to general administrative provisions.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as an Effective Date of 1976 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

CHAPTER 34—TAXES ON CERTAIN INSURANCE POLICIES

Subchapter
Sec.1
A.
Policies issued by foreign insurers
4371

        

B.
Insured and self-insured health plans
4375

        

Prior Provisions

The provisions of a prior chapter 34, Documentary Stamp Taxes, were set out as:

Subchapter A, Issuance of capital stock and certificates of indebtedness by a corporation, comprising sections 4301 to 4305 and 4311 to 4316.

Subchapter B, Sale or transfers of capital stock and certificates of indebtedness of a corporation, comprising sections 4321 to 4324, 4331 to 4333, 4341 to 4345, and 4351 to 4354.

Subchapter C, Conveyances, comprising sections 4361 to 4363.

Subchapter D, Policies issued by foreign insurers, comprising sections 4371 to 4375.

Subchapter E, Miscellaneous provisions applicable to documentary stamp taxes, comprising sections 4381 to 4384.

Subchapters A and B were repealed by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §401(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148.

Subchapter C was struck out by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812.

Subchapter D heading was struck out, sections 4371 to 4373 were reenacted without change, section 4374, “liability for tax”, was substituted for section 4374, “payment of tax”, and section 4375 was struck out by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12).

Subchapter E, section 4381 was repealed by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §401(c), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148, and sections 4382 to 4384 were struck out by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812.

The subject matter of the prior sections was as follows:

A prior section 4301, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 513; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1293; Apr. 8, 1960, Pub. L. 86–416, §1, 74 Stat. 36, imposed a tax, based upon the actual value of the certificates or shares, upon each original issue of shares or certificates of stock issued by a corporation.

A prior section 4302, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 513; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1293, made provision for a determination of tax in the case of recapitalization.

A prior section 4303, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1293, granted exemptions for common trust funds, pooled investment funds, and installment purchases of certain shares or certificates, and directed attention to section 4382 for other exemptions.

A prior section 4304, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1294, called for the affixing of the stamps representing the tax imposed by section 4301 upon the stock books or corresponding records of the corporation.

A prior section 4305, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1294, made cross-references to sections 4381 and 4384 and subtitle F.

A prior section 4311, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1294, imposed a tax on all certificates of indebtedness issued by a corporation.

A prior section 4312, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514, §4312, formerly §4313; renumbered §4312, Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1294, provided that every renewal of any certificate of indebtedness should be taxed as a new issue.

A prior section 4313, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514, §4313, formerly §4314; renumbered §4313, Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1294, provided for the method of determining the rate of taxation in the case of a bond conditioned for the repayment of money and given in a penal sum greater than the debt secured.

A prior section 4314, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514, §4314, formerly §4315; renumbered §4314, Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1294, granted an exemption to instruments under the terms of which the obligee was required to make installment payments of not more than 20 percent annually, and made reference to section 4382 for other exemptions.

A prior section 4315, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 514, §4315, formerly §4316; renumbered §4315 and amended Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1294, made cross references to sections 4381 and 4384 and subtitle F.

A prior section 4321, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 515; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1295; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §5(a), 73 Stat. 619, imposed a tax upon the sale or transfer of shares or certificates of stock or of rights to subscribe to receive such shares or certificates issued by a corporation.

A prior section 4322, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 515; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1295, granted exemptions in the case of sales by brokers or registered nominees and in the case of odd lot sales.

A prior section 4323, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 516; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1296; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §5(b), 73 Stat. 619, called for the affixing of the stamps representing the tax upon the books of the corporation and the certification of the actual value of the shares transferred, and made reference to section 4352 in the case of transfers shown otherwise than by the books of the corporation.

A prior section 4324, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 516; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1296, made cross references to other sections and subtitles for definitions, penalties, and other general and administrative provisions.

A prior section 4331, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 516; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1296, imposed a tax upon each sale or transfer of any certificate of indebtedness issued by a corporation.

A prior section 4332, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 516; Jan. 28, 1956, ch. 19, 70 Stat. 9; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1296, granted exemptions in the case of transfers and sales by brokers and installment purchases of obligations and made reference to other exemptions listed in other sections.

A prior section 4333, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 516; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1296, made cross references to other sections and subtitles for definitions, penalties, and other general and administrative provisions.

A prior section 4341, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 517; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1297, granted an exemption from the imposition of the tax under sections 4321 and 4331 in the case of transfers as collateral security and as security for performance.

A prior section 4342, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 517; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1297, granted exemptions in the case of delivery or transfer of instruments by a fiduciary to his nominee or between nominees or by a custodian.

A prior section 4343, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 517; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1297, provided that taxes imposed by sections 4321 and 4331 would not apply in specified cases involving decedents, minors, incompetents, financial institutions, bankrupts, successors, foreign governments and aliens, trustees, and survivors.

A prior section 4344, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1298, made provision for an exemption from tax in the case of specified loan transactions, worthless stock and obligations, and transfers between certain revocable trusts.

A prior section 4345, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 518, §4345, formerly §4344; renumbered §4345 and amended Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1298, required an exemption certificate setting forth the facts as prescribed by regulations.

A prior section 4346, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 518, §4346, formerly §4345; renumbered §4346, Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1298, made cross reference to other sections for additional exemptions.

A prior section 4351, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 518; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1299, defined registered nominee and sale or transfer.

A prior section 4352, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 519, §4352, formerly §4353; renumbered §4352, Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1299, provided for the affixing of the stamps required either on the instrument itself or on the memorandum or bill of sale.

A prior section 4353, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1299, made provision for the payment of tax through the national securities exchanges without the use of stamps.

A prior section 4354, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 519; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1299, made cross references to section 4384 and subtitle F for penalties and other general and administrative provisions.

A prior section 4361, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 520; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1299; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §401(b), 79 Stat. 148, related to the imposition of a tax on each deed, instrument, or writing by which any realty is sold, assigned, transferred, or otherwise conveyed.

A prior section 4362, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 520; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1300, related to exemptions to the tax imposed by former section 4361.

A prior section 4363, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 520; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1300, related to cross references to former section 4384 and subtitle F of this title.

A prior section 4375, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 522; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1301, made cross-references to section 4384 and subtitle F.

A prior section 4381, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 523, Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1302, defined certificates of indebtedness, corporation, and shares or certificates of stock.

A prior section 4382, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 523; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1302; Oct. 16, 1962, Pub. L. 87–834, §6(e)(2), 76 Stat. 984, granted exemptions to Government and state obligations, etc.

A prior section 4383, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, 141(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1303, related to the taxation of continuing and terminated partnerships.

A prior section 4384, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 524, §4384, formerly §4383; renumbered §4384 and amended Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), 72 Stat. 1303, related to liability for the tax.

Amendments

2010—Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, §6301(e)(2)(B)(i), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 746, substituted “TAXES ON CERTAIN INSURANCE POLICIES” for “POLICIES ISSUED BY FOREIGN INSURERS” as chapter heading and added items relating to subchapters A and B.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812, substituted “POLICIES ISSUED BY FOREIGN INSURERS” for “DOCUMENTARY STAMP TAXES” as chapter heading and struck out items relating to subchapters C to E.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §401(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148, struck out items relating to subchapters A and B.

Effective Dates of Repeal

Section 701(c)(1) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendments made by section 401 [repealing sections 4301 to 4305, 4311 to 4315, 4321 to 4324, 4331 to 4333, 4341 to 4346, 4351 to 4354 and 4381 of this title] (relating to documentary stamp taxes) shall apply on and after January 1, 1966.”

Repeal of sections 4361 to 4363, 4375, 4382 to 4384 by section 1904(a)(12) of Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as an Effective Date of 1976 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

Subchapter A—Policies Issued By Foreign Insurers

Sec.
4371.
Imposition of tax.
4372.
Definitions.
4373.
Exemptions.
4374.
Liability for tax.

        

Amendments

2010—Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, §6301(e)(2)(B)(i), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 746, added subchapter heading.

§4371. Imposition of tax

There is hereby imposed, on each policy of insurance, indemnity bond, annuity contract, or policy of reinsurance issued by any foreign insurer or reinsurer, a tax at the following rates:

(1) Casualty insurance and indemnity bonds

4 cents on each dollar, or fractional part thereof, of the premium paid on the policy of casualty insurance or the indemnity bond, if issued to or for, or in the name of, an insured as defined in section 4372(d);

(2) Life insurance, sickness, and accident policies, and annuity contracts

1 cent on each dollar, or fractional part thereof, of the premium paid on the policy of life, sickness, or accident insurance, or annuity contract; and

(3) Reinsurance

1 cent on each dollar, or fractional part thereof, of the premium paid on the policy of reinsurance covering any of the contracts taxable under paragraph (1) or (2).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 521; Mar. 13, 1956, ch. 83, §5(9), 70 Stat. 49; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1300; Pub. L. 86–69, §3(f)(3), June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 140; Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §804(b), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 160; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title II, §211(b)(23), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 757; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10242(c)(3), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–423; Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7811(i)(11), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2411.)

Amendments

1989—Par. (2). Pub. L. 101–239 struck out “, unless the insurer is subject to tax under section 842(b)” after “or annuity contract”.

1987—Par. (2). Pub. L. 100–203 substituted “section 842(b)” for “section 813”.

1984—Par. (2). Pub. L. 98–369 substituted “section 813” for “section 819”.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 substituted in par. (1) “4 cents” for “four cents” and “premium paid” for “premium charged”, in pars. (2) and (3) “1 cent” for “one cent” and “premium paid” for “premium charged”, and struck out provision following par. (3) relating to computation of tax on premium paid in lieu of premium charged.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44 inserted last sentence relating to computation of tax on premium paid in lieu of premium charged.

1959—Par. (2). Pub. L. 86–69 substituted “section 819” for “section 816”.

1958—Pub. L. 85–859 substituted “is hereby imposed, on each policy of insurance, indemnity bond, annuity contract, or policy of reinsurance issued by any foreign insurer or reinsurer, a tax” for “shall be imposed a tax on each policy of insurance, indemnity bond, annuity contract, or policy of reinsurance issued by any foreign insurer or reinsurer”.

1956—Par. (2). Act Mar. 13, 1956, substituted “section 816” for “section 807”.

Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–239 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988, Pub. L. 100–647, to which such amendment relates, see section 7817 of Pub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–203 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 10242(d) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 816 of this title.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1983, see section 215 of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 801 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable with respect to policies, bonds, and contracts with respect to which the tax imposed by this section is required to be paid on the basis of a return, see section 804(c) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4374 of this title.

Effective Date of 1959 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–69 applicable only with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1957, see section 4 of Pub. L. 86–69, set out as an Effective Date note under section 381 of this title.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–859 effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act Mar. 13, 1956, applicable only to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1954, see section 6 of act Mar. 13, 1956, set out as a note under section 316 of this title.

§4372. Definitions

(a) Foreign insurer or reinsurer

For purposes of section 4371, the term “foreign insurer or reinsurer” means an insurer or reinsurer who is a nonresident alien individual, or a foreign partnership, or a foreign corporation. The term includes a nonresident alien individual, foreign partnership, or foreign corporation which shall become bound by an obligation of the nature of an indemnity bond. The term does not include a foreign government, or municipal or other corporation exercising the taxing power.

(b) Policy of casualty insurance

For purposes of section 4371(1), the term “policy of casualty insurance” means any policy (other than life) or other instrument by whatever name called whereby a contract of insurance is made, continued, or renewed.

(c) Indemnity bond

For purposes of this chapter the term “indemnity bond” means any instrument by whatever name called whereby an obligation of the nature of an indemnity, fidelity, or surety bond is made, continued, or renewed. The term includes any bond for indemnifying any person who shall have become bound or engaged as surety, and any bond for the due execution or performance of any contract, obligation, or requirement, or the duties of any office or position, and to account for money received by virtue thereof, where a premium is charged for the execution of such bond.

(d) Insured

For purposes of section 4371(1), the term “insured” means—

(1) a domestic corporation or partnership, or an individual resident of the United States, against, or with respect to, hazards, risks, losses, or liabilities wholly or partly within the United States, or

(2) a foreign corporation, foreign partnership, or nonresident individual, engaged in a trade or business within the United States, against, or with respect to hazards, risks, or liabilities within the United States.

(e) Policy of life, sickness, or accident insurance, or annuity contract

For the purpose of section 4371(2), the term “policy of life, sickness, or accident insurance, or annuity contract” means any policy or other instrument by whatever name called whereby a contract of insurance or an annuity contract is made, continued, or renewed with respect to the life or hazards to the person of a citizen or resident of the United States.

(f) Policy of reinsurance

For the purpose of section 4371(3), the term “policy of reinsurance” means any policy or other instrument by whatever name called whereby a contract of reinsurance is made, continued, or renewed against, or with respect to, any of the hazards, risks, losses, or liabilities covered by contracts taxable under paragraph (1) or (2) of section 4371.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 521; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1300; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812.)

Amendments

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455 substituted “section 4371” for “this subchapter”, and inserted provision that term does not include a foreign government, or municipal or other corporation exercising the taxing power.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–455 substituted “this chapter” for “this subchapter”.

1958—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 85–859 inserted “against, or” before “with respect to”.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–859 effective on first day of first calendar quarter which begins more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958, see section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859.

§4373. Exemptions

The tax imposed by section 4371 shall not apply to—

(1) Effectively connected items

Any amount which is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States unless such amount is exempt from the application of section 882(a) pursuant to a treaty obligation of the United States.

(2) Indemnity bond

Any indemnity bond required to be filed by any person to secure payment of any pension, allowance, allotment, relief, or insurance by the United States, or to secure a duplicate for, or the payment of, any bond, note, certificate of indebtedness, war-saving certificate, warrant or check, issued by the United States.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 522; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1301; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1813; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1012(q)(13)(A), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3525.)

Amendments

1988—Par. (1). Pub. L. 100–647 amended par. (1) generally, substituting provisions relating to effectively connected items for provisions relating to domestic agent.

1976—Par. (1). Pub. L. 94–455 substituted “State, or in the District of Columbia, within” for “State, Territory, or District of the United States within”.

1958—Pub. L. 85–859 reenacted section without change.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Section 1012(q)(13)(B) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by subparagraph (A) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to premiums paid after the date 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988].”

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

§4374. Liability for tax

The tax imposed by this chapter shall be paid, on the basis of a return, by any person who makes, signs, issues, or sells any of the documents and instruments subject to the tax, or for whose use or benefit the same are made, signed, issued, or sold. The United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof shall not be liable for the tax.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 522; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §141(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1301; Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §804(a)(1), (2), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 160; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1904(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1813.)

Prior Provisions

For provisions of prior sections 4375, 4381 to 4384, see Prior Provisions note preceding section 4371 of this title.

Amendments

1976—Pub. L. 94–455 substituted in section catchline “Liability for tax” for “Payment of tax” and in text provisions relating to payment of tax on basis of a return and to tax-exempt status of United States and its agencies and instrumentalities for provisions relating to placing of stamps on any policy, indemnity bond, or annuity contract referred to in section 4371 and to regulation by Secretary that tax be paid on basis of a return.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44 substituted “Payment of tax” for “Affixing of stamps” in section catchline, and inserted sentence authorizing Secretary or his delegate to provide by regulation for payment on basis of a return of tax imposed by section 4371.

1958—Pub. L. 85–859 reenacted section without change.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 804(c) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on July 1, 1965. The amendments made by subsection (b) [amending section 4371 of this title] shall apply with respect to policies, bonds, and contracts with respect to which the tax imposed by section 4371 of the Code is required to be paid on the basis of a return.”

Determination of Partnership as Continuing or Terminated Partnership

Section 141(b) of Pub. L. 85–859 mandated that only changes in the partnership occurring on or after the effective date specified in section 1(c) of Pub. L. 85–859 shall be taken into account in the determination of whether a partnership is a continuing or terminated one.

Subchapter B—Insured and Self-Insured Health Plans

Sec.
4375.
Health insurance.
4376.
Self-insured health plans.
4377.
Definitions and special rules.

        

§4375. Health insurance

(a) Imposition of fee

There is hereby imposed on each specified health insurance policy for each policy year ending after September 30, 2012, a fee equal to the product of $2 ($1 in the case of policy years ending during fiscal year 2013) multiplied by the average number of lives covered under the policy.

(b) Liability for fee

The fee imposed by subsection (a) shall be paid by the issuer of the policy.

(c) Specified health insurance policy

For purposes of this section:

(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this section, the term “specified health insurance policy” means any accident or health insurance policy (including a policy under a group health plan) issued with respect to individuals residing in the United States.

(2) Exemption for certain policies

The term “specified health insurance policy” does not include any insurance if substantially all of its coverage is of excepted benefits described in section 9832(c).

(3) Treatment of prepaid health coverage arrangements

(A) In general

In the case of any arrangement described in subparagraph (B), such arrangement shall be treated as a specified health insurance policy, and the person referred to in such subparagraph shall be treated as the issuer.

(B) Description of arrangements

An arrangement is described in this subparagraph if under such arrangement fixed payments or premiums are received as consideration for any person's agreement to provide or arrange for the provision of accident or health coverage to residents of the United States, regardless of how such coverage is provided or arranged to be provided.

(d) Adjustments for increases in health care spending

In the case of any policy year ending in any fiscal year beginning after September 30, 2014, the dollar amount in effect under subsection (a) for such policy year shall be equal to the sum of such dollar amount for policy years ending in the previous fiscal year (determined after the application of this subsection), plus an amount equal to the product of—

(1) such dollar amount for policy years ending in the previous fiscal year, multiplied by

(2) the percentage increase in the projected per capita amount of National Health Expenditures, as most recently published by the Secretary before the beginning of the fiscal year.

(e) Termination

This section shall not apply to policy years ending after September 30, 2019.

(Added Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, §6301(e)(2)(A), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 743.)

§4376. Self-insured health plans

(a) Imposition of fee

In the case of any applicable self-insured health plan for each plan year ending after September 30, 2012, there is hereby imposed a fee equal to $2 ($1 in the case of plan years ending during fiscal year 2013) multiplied by the average number of lives covered under the plan.

(b) Liability for fee

(1) In general

The fee imposed by subsection (a) shall be paid by the plan sponsor.

(2) Plan sponsor

For purposes of paragraph (1) the term “plan sponsor” means—

(A) the employer in the case of a plan established or maintained by a single employer,

(B) the employee organization in the case of a plan established or maintained by an employee organization,

(C) in the case of—

(i) a plan established or maintained by 2 or more employers or jointly by 1 or more employers and 1 or more employee organizations,

(ii) a multiple employer welfare arrangement, or

(iii) a voluntary employees’ beneficiary association described in section 501(c)(9), the association, committee, joint board of trustees, or other similar group of representatives of the parties who establish or maintain the plan, or


(D) the cooperative or association described in subsection (c)(2)(F) in the case of a plan established or maintained by such a cooperative or association.

(c) Applicable self-insured health plan

For purposes of this section, the term “applicable self-insured health plan” means any plan for providing accident or health coverage if—

(1) any portion of such coverage is provided other than through an insurance policy, and

(2) such plan is established or maintained—

(A) by 1 or more employers for the benefit of their employees or former employees,

(B) by 1 or more employee organizations for the benefit of their members or former members,

(C) jointly by 1 or more employers and 1 or more employee organizations for the benefit of employees or former employees,

(D) by a voluntary employees’ beneficiary association described in section 501(c)(9),

(E) by any organization described in section 501(c)(6), or

(F) in the case of a plan not described in the preceding subparagraphs, by a multiple employer welfare arrangement (as defined in section 3(40) of Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974), a rural electric cooperative (as defined in section 3(40)(B)(iv) of such Act), or a rural telephone cooperative association (as defined in section 3(40)(B)(v) of such Act).

(d) Adjustments for increases in health care spending

In the case of any plan year ending in any fiscal year beginning after September 30, 2014, the dollar amount in effect under subsection (a) for such plan year shall be equal to the sum of such dollar amount for plan years ending in the previous fiscal year (determined after the application of this subsection), plus an amount equal to the product of—

(1) such dollar amount for plan years ending in the previous fiscal year, multiplied by

(2) the percentage increase in the projected per capita amount of National Health Expenditures, as most recently published by the Secretary before the beginning of the fiscal year.

(e) Termination

This section shall not apply to plan years ending after September 30, 2019.

(Added Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, §6301(e)(2)(A), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 744.)

References in Text

Section 3(40) of Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(F), is classified to section 1002(40) of Title 29, Labor.

§4377. Definitions and special rules

(a) Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Accident and health coverage

The term “accident and health coverage” means any coverage which, if provided by an insurance policy, would cause such policy to be a specified health insurance policy (as defined in section 4375(c)).

(2) Insurance policy

The term “insurance policy” means any policy or other instrument whereby a contract of insurance is issued, renewed, or extended.

(3) United States

The term “United States” includes any possession of the United States.

(b) Treatment of governmental entities

(1) In general

For purposes of this subchapter—

(A) the term “person” includes any governmental entity, and

(B) notwithstanding any other law or rule of law, governmental entities shall not be exempt from the fees imposed by this subchapter except as provided in paragraph (2).

(2) Treatment of exempt governmental programs

In the case of an exempt governmental program, no fee shall be imposed under section 4375 or section 4376 on any covered life under such program.

(3) Exempt governmental program defined

For purposes of this subchapter, the term “exempt governmental program” means—

(A) any insurance program established under title XVIII of the Social Security Act,

(B) the medical assistance program established by title XIX or XXI of the Social Security Act,

(C) any program established by Federal law for providing medical care (other than through insurance policies) to individuals (or the spouses and dependents thereof) by reason of such individuals being members of the Armed Forces of the United States or veterans, and

(D) any program established by Federal law for providing medical care (other than through insurance policies) to members of Indian tribes (as defined in section 4(d) of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act).

(c) Treatment as tax

For purposes of subtitle F, the fees imposed by this subchapter shall be treated as if they were taxes.

(d) No cover over to possessions

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no amount collected under this subchapter shall be covered over to any possession of the United States.

(Added Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, §6301(e)(2)(A), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 746.)

References in Text

The Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3)(A), (B), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620. Titles XVIII, XIX, and XXI of the Act are classified generally to subchapters XVIII (§1395 et seq.), XIX (§1396 et seq.), and XXI (§1397aa et seq.), respectively, of chapter 7 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.

Section 4(d) of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3)(D), is classified to section 1603(d) of Title 25, Indians.

CHAPTER 35—TAXES ON WAGERING

Subchapter
Sec.1
A.
Tax on wagers
4401

        

B.
Occupational tax
4411
C.
Miscellaneous provisions
4421

        

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

Subchapter A—Tax on Wagers

Sec.
4401.
Imposition of tax.
4402.
Exemptions.
4403.
Record requirements.
4404.
Territorial extent.
4405.
Cross references.

        

§4401. Imposition of tax

(a) Wagers

(1) State authorized wagers

There shall be imposed on any wager authorized under the law of the State in which accepted an excise tax equal to 0.25 percent of the amount of such wager.

(2) Unauthorized wagers

There shall be imposed on any wager not described in paragraph (1) an excise tax equal to 2 percent of the amount of such wager.

(b) Amount of wager

In determining the amount of any wager for the purposes of this subchapter, all charges incident to the placing of such wager shall be included; except that if the taxpayer establishes, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, that an amount equal to the tax imposed by this subchapter has been collected as a separate charge from the person placing such wager, the amount so collected shall be excluded.

(c) Persons liable for tax

Each person who is engaged in the business of accepting wagers shall be liable for and shall pay the tax under this subchapter on all wagers placed with him. Each person who conducts any wagering pool or lottery shall be liable for and shall pay the tax under this subchapter on all wagers placed in such pool or lottery. Any person required to register under section 4412 who receives wagers for or on behalf of another person without having registered under section 4412 the name and place of residence of such other person shall be liable for and shall pay the tax under this subchapter on all such wagers received by him.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 525; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §151(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1304; Pub. L. 93–499, §3(a), Oct. 29, 1974, 88 Stat. 1550; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 97–362, title I, §109(a), Oct. 25, 1982, 96 Stat. 1731.)

Amendments

1982—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–362 substituted provision that there shall be imposed on any wager authorized under the law of the State in which accepted an excise tax equal to 0.25 percent of the amount of such wager and that there shall be imposed on any other wager an excise tax equal to 2 percent of the amount of such wager for provision that there be imposed on wagers, as defined in section 4421, an excise tax equal to 2 percent of the amount thereof.

1976—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

1974—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–499 substituted “2 percent” for “10 percent”.

1958—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 85–859 made all persons required to register under section 4412 of this title who receive wagers for or on behalf of another person without having registered under section 4412 of this title the name and place of residence of such other person liable for the tax on all such wagers received by them.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Section 109(c)(1) of Pub. L. 97–362 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1983.”

Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Section 3(d)(1) of Pub. L. 93–499 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting section 4424 and amending this section and section 4411 of this title] take effect on December 1, 1974, and shall apply only with respect to wagers placed on or after such date.”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Section 151(b) of Pub. L. 85–859 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to wagers received after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958].”

§4402. Exemptions

No tax shall be imposed by this subchapter—

(1) Parimutuels

On any wager placed with, or on any wager placed in a wagering pool conducted by, a parimutuel wagering enterprise licensed under State law,

(2) Coin-operated devices

On any wager placed in a coin-operated device (as defined in section 4462 as in effect for years beginning before July 1, 1980), or on any amount paid, in lieu of inserting a coin, token, or similar object, to operate a device described in section 4462(a)(2) (as so in effect), or

(3) State-conducted lotteries, etc.

On any wager placed in a sweepstakes, wagering pool, or lottery which is conducted by an agency of a State acting under authority of State law, but only if such wager is placed with the State agency conducting such sweepstakes, wagering pool, or lottery, or with its authorized employees or agents.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 525; Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §152(b), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1305; Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §405(a), title VIII, §813(a), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 149, 170; Pub. L. 94–455, title XII, §1208(a), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1709; Pub. L. 95–600, title V, §521(c)(1), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2884.)

References in Text

Section 4462, referred to in par. (2), was repealed by Pub. L. 95–600, title V, §521(b), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2884.

Amendments

1978—Par. (2). Pub. L. 95–600 substituted “(as defined in section 4462 as in effect for years beginning before July 1, 1980)” for “with respect to which an occupational tax is imposed by section 4461” and “(as so in effect), or” for “if an occupational tax is imposed with respect to such device by section 4461, or”.

1976—Par. (3). Pub. L. 94–455, among other changes, substituted in heading “State-conducted lotteries, etc.” for “State-conducted sweepstakes.”, and struck out provision that no tax be imposed on any wager placed in a sweepstakes, wagering pool, or lottery in which the ultimate winners are determined by the results of a horse race.

1965—Par. (2). Pub. L. 89–44, §405(a), substituted “section 4462(a)(2),” for “section 4462(a)(2)(B),”.

Par. (3). Pub. L. 89–44, §813(a), added par. (3).

1958—Par. (2). Pub. L. 85–859 inserted provisions exempting from the tax amounts paid to operate a device described in section 4462(a)(2)(B), if an occupational tax is imposed with respect to such device by section 4461 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–600, title V, §521(d)(2), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2885, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (b) [repealing sections 4461 to 4464 of this title] and (c) [amending this section and section 4901 of this title] shall apply with respect to years beginning after June 30, 1980.”

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Section 1208(c)(1) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section)] shall apply with respect to wagers placed after March 10, 1964”.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Section 701(c)(2) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided in part that: “The amendments made by sections 403 [amending sections 4461 and 4462 of this title] (relating to occupational tax on coin-operated devices) and 404 [repealing sections 4471 to 4474] (relating to occupational tax on bowling alleys, billiard and pool tables), and by subsections (a) [amending this section], (b) [amending section 4901 of this title] and (d) [amending section 4914 of this title] of section 405 (relating to technical and conforming changes) shall apply on and after July 1, 1965.”

Section 813(b) of Pub. L. 89–44 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to wagers placed after March 10, 1964.”

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Section 152(c) of Pub. L. 85–859, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section 4462 of this title] shall take effect on the effective date specified in section 1(c) of this Act [the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning more than 60 days after Sept. 2, 1958]. In the case of the year beginning July 1, 1958, where the trade or business on which the tax is imposed under section 4461 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] was commenced before such effective date, the tax imposed for such year solely by reason of the amendment made by subsection (a)—

“(1) shall be the amount reckoned proportionately from such effective date through June 30, 1959, and

“(2) shall be due on, and payable on or before, the last day of the month the first day of which is such effective date.”

§4403. Record requirements

Each person liable for tax under this subchapter shall keep a daily record showing the gross amount of all wagers on which he is so liable, in addition to all other records required pursuant to section 6001(a).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 525.)

§4404. Territorial extent

The tax imposed by this subchapter shall apply only to wagers

(1) accepted in the United States, or

(2) placed by a person who is in the United States

(A) with a person who is a citizen or resident of the United States, or

(B) in a wagering pool or lottery conducted by a person who is a citizen or resident of the United States.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 525.)

§4405. Cross references

For penalties and other administrative provisions applicable to this subchapter, see sections 4421 to 4423, inclusive; and subtitle F.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 526.)

Subchapter B—Occupational Tax

Sec.
4411.
Imposition of tax.
4412.
Registration.
4413.
Certain provisions made applicable.
4414.
Cross references.

        

§4411. Imposition of tax

(a) In general

There shall be imposed a special tax of $500 per year to be paid by each person who is liable for the tax imposed under section 4401 or who is engaged in receiving wagers for or on behalf of any person so liable.

(b) Authorized persons

Subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting “$50” for “$500” in the case of—

(1) any person whose liability for tax under section 4401 is determined only under paragraph (1) of section 4401(a), and

(2) any person who is engaged in receiving wagers only for or on behalf of persons described in paragraph (1).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 527; Pub. L. 93–499, §3(b), Oct. 29, 1974, 88 Stat. 1550; Pub. L. 97–362, title I, §109(b), Oct. 25, 1982, 96 Stat. 1731.)

Amendments

1982—Pub. L. 97–362 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), in subsec. (a), as so designated, substituted “liable for the tax imposed” for “liable for tax”, and added subsec. (b).

1974—Pub. L. 93–499 substituted “$500” for “$50”.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Section 109(c)(2) of Pub. L. 97–362 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall take effect on July 1, 1983.”

Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–499 effective Dec. 1, 1974, and applicable only with respect to wagers placed on or after such date, see section 3(d)(1) of Pub. L. 93–499, set out as a note under section 4401 of this title.

Persons Engaged in Activities on December 1, 1974, Requiring Payment of Tax; Persons Paying Tax and Registering Before December 1, 1974

Section 3(d)(2) of Pub. L. 93–499, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

“(A) Any person who, on December 1, 1974, is engaged in an activity which makes him liable for payment of the tax imposed by section 4411 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (as in effect on such date) shall be treated as commencing such activity on such date for purposes of such section and section 4901 of such Code.

“(B) Any person who, before December 1, 1974.—

“(i) became liable for and paid the tax imposed by section 4411 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as in effect on July 1, 1974) for the year ending June 30, 1975, shall not be liable for any additional tax under such section for such year, and

“(ii) registered under section 4412 of such Code (as in effect on July 1, 1974) for the year ending June 30, 1975, shall not be required to reregister under such section for such year.”

§4412. Registration

(a) Requirement

Each person required to pay a special tax under this subchapter shall register with the official in charge of the internal revenue district—

(1) his name and place of residence;

(2) if he is liable for tax under subchapter A, each place of business where the activity which makes him so liable is carried on, and the name and place of residence of each person who is engaged in receiving wagers for him or on his behalf; and

(3) if he is engaged in receiving wagers for or on behalf of any person liable for tax under subchapter A, the name and place of residence of each such person.

(b) Firm or company

Where subsection (a) requires the name and place of residence of a firm or company to be registered, the names and places of residence of the several persons constituting the firm or company shall be registered.

(c) Supplemental information

In accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the Secretary may require from time to time such supplemental information from any person required to register under this section as may be needful to the enforcement of this chapter.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 527; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(I), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1835.)

Amendments

1976—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–455 substituted “the Secretary may” for “he or his delegate may”.

Persons Paying Tax and Registering Before December 1, 1974

Persons registered before Dec. 1, 1974 under this section (as in effect on July 1, 1974) for the year ending June 30, 1975, not required to reregister under this section for such year, see section 3(d)(2) of Pub. L. 93–499, set out as a note under section 4411 of this title.

§4413. Certain provisions made applicable

Sections 4901, 4902, 4904, 4905, and 4906 shall extend to and apply to the special tax imposed by this subchapter and to the persons upon whom it is imposed, and for that purpose any activity which makes a person liable for special tax under this subchapter shall be considered to be a business or occupation referred to in such sections. No other provision of sections 4901 to 4907, inclusive, shall so extend or apply.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 527.)

§4414. Cross references

For penalties and other general and administrative provisions applicable to this subchapter, see sections 4421 to 4423, inclusive; and subtitle F.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 527.)

Subchapter C—Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec.
4421.
Definitions.
4422.
Applicability of Federal and State laws.
4423.
Inspection of books.
4424.
Disclosure of wagering tax information.

        

Amendments

1974—Pub. L. 93–499, §3(c)(2), Oct. 29, 1974, 88 Stat. 1551, added item 4424.

§4421. Definitions

For purposes of this chapter—

(1) Wager

The term “wager” means—

(A) any wager with respect to a sports event or a contest placed with a person engaged in the business of accepting such wagers,

(B) any wager placed in a wagering pool with respect to a sports event or a contest, if such pool is conducted for profit, and

(C) any wager placed in a lottery conducted for profit.

(2) Lottery

The term “lottery” includes the numbers game, policy, and similar types of wagering. The term does not include—

(A) any game of a type in which usually

(i) the wagers are placed,

(ii) the winners are determined, and

(iii) the distribution of prizes or other property is made, in the presence of all persons placing wagers in such game, and


(B) any drawing conducted by an organization exempt from tax under sections 501 and 521, if no part of the net proceeds derived from such drawing inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 528.)

§4422. Applicability of Federal and State laws

The payment of any tax imposed by this chapter with respect to any activity shall not exempt any person from any penalty provided by a law of the United States or of any State for engaging in the same activity, nor shall the payment of any such tax prohibit any State from placing a tax on the same activity for State or other purposes.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 528.)

§4423. Inspection of books

Notwithstanding section 7605(b), the books of account of any person liable for tax under this chapter may be examined and inspected as frequently as may be needful to the enforcement of this chapter.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 528.)

§4424. Disclosure of wagering tax information

(a) General rule

Except as otherwise provided in this section, neither the Secretary nor any other officer or employee of the Treasury Department may divulge or make known in any manner whatever to any person—

(1) any original, copy, or abstract of any return, payment, or registration made pursuant to this chapter,

(2) any record required for making any such return, payment, or registration, which the Secretary is permitted by the taxpayer to examine or which is produced pursuant to section 7602, or

(3) any information come at by the exploitation of any such return, payment, registration, or record.

(b) Permissible disclosure

A disclosure otherwise prohibited by subsection (a) may be made in connection with the administration or civil or criminal enforcement of any tax imposed by this title. However, any document or information so disclosed may not be—

(1) divulged or made known in any manner whatever by any officer or employee of the United States to any person except in connection with the administration or civil or criminal enforcement of this title, nor

(2) used, directly or indirectly, in any criminal prosecution for any offense occurring before the date of enactment of this section.

(c) Use of documents possessed by taxpayer

Except in connection with the administration or civil or criminal enforcement of any tax imposed by this title—

(1) any stamp denoting payment of the special tax under this chapter,

(2) any original, copy, or abstract possessed by a taxpayer of any return, payment, or registration made by such taxpayer pursuant to this chapter, and

(3) any information come at by the exploitation of any such document,


shall not be used against such taxpayer in any criminal proceeding.

(d) Inspection by committees of Congress

Section 6103(f) shall apply with respect to any return, payment, or registration made pursuant to this chapter.

(Added Pub. L. 93–499, §3(c)(1), Oct. 29, 1974, 88 Stat. 1550; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XII, §1202(h)(6), title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1688, 1834.)

Amendments

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 94–455, §1202(h)(6), substituted “6103(f)” for “6103(d)”.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 1202(h)(6) of Pub. L. 94–455 effective Jan. 1, 1977, see section 1202(i) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 6103 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Dec. 1, 1974, and applicable only with respect to wagers placed on or after such date, see section 3(d)(1) of Pub. L. 93–499, set out as an Effective Date of 1974 Amendment note under section 4401 of this title.

CHAPTER 36—CERTAIN OTHER EXCISE TAXES

Subchapter
Sec.1
A.
Harbor maintenance tax
4461

        

B.
Transportation by water
4471
B.
Occupational tax on coin-operated devices
2 4461

        

[C.
Repealed.]
D.
Tax on use of certain vehicles
4481
[E, F.
Repealed.]

        

Amendments

1997—Pub. L. 105–34, title XIV, §1432(b)(2), Aug. 5, 1997, 110 Stat. 1050, struck out item for subchapter F “Tax on removal of hard mineral resources from deep seabed”.

1989—Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7504(b), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2363, added item for subchapter B.

1986—Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1402(b), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4269, added item for subchapter A.

1982—Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §280(c)(2)(A), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564, struck out item for subchapter E.

1980—Pub. L. 96–283, title IV, §402(b), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 584, added item for subchapter F.

1970—Pub. L. 91–258, title II, §206(d)(1), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 246, added item for subchapter E.

1965—Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §§402, 404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148, 149, struck out items for subchapters A and C.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(c), 70 Stat. 391, added item for subchapter D.

1 Section numbers editorially supplied.

2 Subchapter repealed by Pub. L. 95–600 without corresponding amendment of chapter analysis.

Subchapter A—Harbor Maintenance Tax

Sec.
4461.
Imposition of tax.
4462.
Definitions and special rules.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter A (§§4451 to 4457), act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 529, 530, related to tax on playing cards, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §402, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 148. Repeal of sections 4451 to 4457 applicable on and after June 22, 1965, see section 701(c)(2) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out in part as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4905 of this title.

§4461. Imposition of tax

(a) General rule

There is hereby imposed a tax on any port use.

(b) Amount of tax

The amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) on any port use shall be an amount equal to 0.125 percent of the value of the commercial cargo involved.

(c) Liability and time of imposition of tax

(1) Liability

The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be paid by—

(A) in the case of cargo entering the United States, the importer, or

(B) in any other case, the shipper.

(2) Time of imposition

Except as provided by regulations, the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be imposed at the time of unloading.

(Added Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1402(a), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4266; amended Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11214(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–436; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11116(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1951.)

Prior Provisions

For prior section 4461, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding section 4471 of this title.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, §11116(b)(1), inserted “or” at end of subpar. (A), redesignated subpar. (C) as (B), and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: “in the case of cargo to be exported from the United States, the exporter, or”.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 109–59, §11116(b)(2), substituted “imposed” for “imposed—

“(A) in the case of cargo to be exported from the United States, at the time of loading, and

“(B) in any other case,”.

1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted “0.125 percent” for “0.04 percent”.

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11116(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1951, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 4462 of this title] shall take effect before, on, and after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005].”

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Section 11214(b) of Pub. L. 101–508 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1991.”

Effective Date

Section 1402(c) of Pub. L. 99–662 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and section 4462 of this title] shall take effect on April 1, 1987.”

Authorization of Appropriations

Section 1403(b) of Pub. L. 99–662, authorized to be appropriated to Department of the Treasury (from fees collected under section 58c(9), (10) of Title 19, Customs Duties) such sums as necessary to pay all expenses of administration incurred by such Department in administering this subchapter for periods to which such fees apply, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–182, title VI, §690(c)(8), Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2223.

Study of Cargo Diversion

Section 1407 of Pub. L. 99–662, as amended by Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2002(c), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3597, provided that:

“(a) Initial Study.—The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with United States ports, the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of Transportation, the United States Trade Representative and other appropriate Federal agencies, shall conduct a study to determine the impact of the port use tax imposed under section 4461(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 [now 1986] on potential diversions of cargo from particular United States ports to any port in a country contiguous to the United States. The report of the study shall be submitted to the Ways and Means Committee of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the United States Senate not later than December 1, 1988.

“(b) Review.—The Secretary of the Treasury may, at any time, review and revise the findings of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) with respect to any United States port (or to any transaction or class of transactions at such port).

“(c) Implementation of Findings.—For purposes of section 4462(d)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 [now 1986], the findings of the study or review conducted pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall be effective 60 days after notification to the ports concerned.”

§4462. Definitions and special rules

(a) Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Port use

The term “port use” means—

(A) the loading of commercial cargo on, or

(B) the unloading of commercial cargo from,


a commercial vessel at a port.

(2) Port

(A) In general

The term “port” means any channel or harbor (or component thereof) in the United States, which—

(i) is not an inland waterway, and

(ii) is open to public navigation.

(B) Exception for certain facilities

The term “port” does not include any channel or harbor with respect to which no Federal funds have been used since 1977 for construction, maintenance, or operation, or which was deauthorized by Federal law before 1985.

(C) Special rule for Columbia River

The term “port” shall include the channels of the Columbia River in the States of Oregon and Washington only up to the downstream side of Bonneville lock and dam.

(3) Commercial cargo

(A) In general

The term “commercial cargo” means any cargo transported on a commercial vessel, including passengers transported for compensation or hire.

(B) Certain items not included

The term “commercial cargo” does not include—

(i) bunker fuel, ship's stores, sea stores, or the legitimate equipment necessary to the operation of a vessel, or

(ii) fish or other aquatic animal life caught and not previously landed on shore.

(4) Commercial vessel

(A) In general

The term “commercial vessel” means any vessel used—

(i) in transporting cargo by water for compensation or hire, or

(ii) in transporting cargo by water in the business of the owner, lessee, or operator of the vessel.

(B) Exclusion of ferries

(i) In general

The term “commercial vessel” does not include any ferry engaged primarily in the ferrying of passengers (including their vehicles) between points within the United States, or between the United States and contiguous countries.

(ii) Ferry

The term “ferry” means any vessel which arrives in the United States on a regular schedule during its operating season at intervals of at least once each business day.

(5) Value

(A) In general

The term “value” means, except as provided in regulations, the value of any commercial cargo as determined by standard commercial documentation.

(B) Transportation of passengers

In the case of the transportation of passengers for hire, the term “value” means the actual charge paid for such service or the prevailing charge for comparable service if no actual charge is paid.

(b) Special rule for Alaska, Hawaii, and possessions

(1) In general

No tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) with respect to—

(A) cargo loaded on a vessel in a port in the United States mainland for transportation to Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States for ultimate use or consumption in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States,

(B) cargo loaded on a vessel in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States for transportation to the United States mainland, Alaska, Hawaii, or such a possession for ultimate use or consumption in the United States mainland, Alaska, Hawaii, or such a possession,

(C) the unloading of cargo described in subparagraph (A) or (B) in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States, or in the United States mainland, respectively, or

(D) cargo loaded on a vessel in Alaska, Hawaii, or a possession of the United States and unloaded in the State or possession in which loaded, or passengers transported on United States flag vessels operating solely within the State waters of Alaska or Hawaii and adjacent international waters.

(2) Cargo does not include crude oil with respect to Alaska

For purposes of this subsection, the term “cargo” does not include crude oil with respect to Alaska.

(3) United States mainland

For purposes of this subsection, the term “United States mainland” means the continental United States (not including Alaska).

(c) Coordination of tax where transportation subject to tax imposed by section 4042

No tax shall be imposed under this subchapter with respect to the loading or unloading of any cargo on or from a vessel if any fuel of such vessel has been (or will be) subject to the tax imposed by section 4042 (relating to tax on fuel used in commercial transportation on inland waterways).

(d) Nonapplicability of tax to exports

The tax imposed by section 4461(a) shall not apply to any port use with respect to any commercial cargo to be exported from the United States.

(e) Exemption for United States

No tax shall be imposed under this subchapter on the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof.

(f) Extension of provisions of law applicable to customs duty

(1) In general

Except to the extent otherwise provided in regulations, all administrative and enforcement provisions of customs laws and regulations shall apply in respect of the tax imposed by this subchapter (and in respect of persons liable therefor) as if such tax were a customs duty. For purposes of the preceding sentence, any penalty expressed in terms of a relationship to the amount of the duty shall be treated as not less than the amount which bears a similar relationship to the value of the cargo.

(2) Jurisdiction of courts and agencies

For purposes of determining the jurisdiction of any court of the United States or any agency of the United States, the tax imposed by this subchapter shall be treated as if such tax were a customs duty.

(3) Administrative provisions applicable to tax law not to apply

The tax imposed by this subchapter shall not be treated as a tax for purposes of subtitle F or any other provision of law relating to the administration and enforcement of internal revenue taxes.

(g) Special rules

Except as provided by regulations—

(1) Tax imposed only once

Only 1 tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) with respect to the loading on and unloading from, or the unloading from and the loading on, the same vessel of the same cargo.

(2) Exception for intraport movements

Under regulations, no tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) on the mere movement of cargo within a port.

(3) Relay cargo

Only 1 tax shall be imposed under section 4461(a) on cargo (moving under a single bill of lading) which is unloaded from one vessel and loaded onto another vessel at any port in the United States for relay to or from any port in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States. For purposes of this paragraph, the term “cargo” does not include any item not treated as cargo under subsection (b)(2).

(h) Exemption for humanitarian and development assistance cargos

No tax shall be imposed under this subchapter on any nonprofit organization or cooperative for cargo which is owned or financed by such nonprofit organization or cooperative and which is certified by the United States Customs Service as intended for use in humanitarian or development assistance overseas.

(i) Regulations

The Secretary may prescribe such additional regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter including, but not limited to, regulations—

(1) providing for the manner and method of payment and collection of the tax imposed by this subchapter,

(2) providing for the posting of bonds to secure payment of such tax,

(3) exempting any transaction or class of transactions from such tax where the collection of such tax is not administratively practical, and

(4) providing for the remittance or mitigation of penalties and the settlement or compromise of claims.

(Added Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, §1402(a), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4266; amended Pub. L. 100–647, title II, §2002(b), title VI, §§6109(a), 6110(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3597, 3712; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1704(i)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1881; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11116(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1950.)

Prior Provisions

For prior section 4462, see Prior Provisions note set out preceding section 4471 of this title.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–59 amended heading and text of subsec. (d) generally, substituting provisions relating to nonapplicability of tax imposed by section 4461(a) to exports for provisions relating to nonapplicability of tax imposed by section 4461(a) to bonded commercial cargo entering the United States for transportation and direct exportation to a foreign country and inapplicability of this provision to certain cargo exported to Canada or Mexico.

1996—Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 104–188 inserted before period at end “, or passengers transported on United States flag vessels operating solely within the State waters of Alaska or Hawaii and adjacent international waters”.

1988—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 100–647, §2002(b), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “cargo loaded on a vessel in Alaska, Hawaii, or any possession of the United States for transportation to the United States mainland for ultimate use or consumption in the United States mainland,”.

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 100–647, §6110(a), added par. (3).

Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 100–647, §6109(a), added subsec. (h) and redesignated former subsec. (h) as (i).

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–59 effective before, on, and after Aug. 10, 2005, see section 11116(c) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 4461 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Section 1704(i)(2) of Pub. L. 104–188 provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 1402(a) of the Harbor Maintenance Revenue Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV].”

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 2002(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective as if included in the provision of the Harbor Maintenance Revenue Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–662, title XIV, to which it relates, see section 2002(d) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 4042 of this title.

Section 6109(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on April 1, 1987.”

Section 6110(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988].”

Effective Date

Section effective Apr. 1, 1987, see section 1402(c) of Pub. L. 99–662, set out as a note under section 4461 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Subchapter B—Transportation by Water

Sec.
4471.
Imposition of tax.
4472.
Definitions.

        

Prior Provisions

A prior subchapter B, consisted of sections 4461 to 4464 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–600, title V, §521(b), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2884, applicable with respect to years beginning after June 30, 1980.

Section 4461, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 531; Sept. 21, 1959, Pub. L. 86–344, §6(a), 73 Stat. 620; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §403(a), 79 Stat. 148, imposed a special tax on persons who maintained for use or permitted use of coin-operated gaming devices and provided an exception from such tax.

Section 4462, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 531; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §152(a), 72 Stat. 1304; June 21, 1965, Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §403(b), 79 Stat. 149; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94–455, title XII, §1208(b), 90 Stat. 1709, defined coin-operated gaming devices.

Section 4463, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 531, related to administrative provisions.

Section 4464, added Pub. L. 92–178, title IV, §402(a), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 534, and amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–600, title V, §521(a), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2884, related to credit for State-imposed taxes.

Amendments

1996—Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1704(t)(11), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1888, struck out “and special rules” after “Definitions” in item 4472.

§4471. Imposition of tax

(a) In general

There is hereby imposed a tax of $3 per passenger on a covered voyage.

(b) By whom paid

The tax imposed by this section shall be paid by the person providing the covered voyage.

(c) Time of imposition

The tax imposed by this section shall be imposed only once for each passenger on a covered voyage, either at the time of first embarkation or disembarkation in the United States.

(Added Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7504(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2362.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4471 was contained in subchapter C of this chapter prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 149.

Effective Date

Section 7504(c) of Pub. L. 101–239 provided that:

“(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [enacting this subchapter] shall apply to voyages beginning after December 31, 1989, which were not paid for before such date.

“(2) No deposits required before april 1, 1990.—No deposit of any tax imposed by subchapter B of chapter 36 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by this section, shall be required to be made before April 1, 1990.”

§4472. Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1) Covered voyage

(A) In general

The term “covered voyage” means a voyage of—

(i) a commercial passenger vessel which extends over 1 or more nights, or

(ii) a commercial vessel transporting passengers engaged in gambling aboard the vessel beyond the territorial waters of the United States,


during which passengers embark or disembark the vessel in the United States. Such term shall not include any voyage on any vessel owned or operated by the United States, a State, or any agency or subdivision thereof.

(B) Exception for certain voyages on passenger vessels

The term “covered voyage” shall not include a voyage of a passenger vessel of less than 12 hours between 2 ports in the United States.

(2) Passenger vessel

The term “passenger vessel” means any vessel having berth or stateroom accommodations for more than 16 passengers.

(Added Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, §7504(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2362.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 4472 was contained in subchapter C of this chapter prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 149.

[Subchapter C—Repealed]

[§§4471 to 4474. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–44, title IV, §404, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 149]

Section 4471, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532, imposed a $20 annual tax upon bowling alleys, billiard tables, and pool tables to be paid by operators of bowling alleys, billiard rooms, and pool rooms.

Section 4472, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532, defined bowling alley, billiard room, and pool room.

Section 4473, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title I, §153(a), 72 Stat. 1305, granted exemptions for hospitals, the armed forces, and certain non-profit and governmental organizations.

Section 4474, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 532, made cross references to chapter 40 and subtitle F for penalties and administrative provisions.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal applicable on and after July 1, 1965, see section 701(c)(2) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out in part as an Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note under section 4402 of this title.

Subchapter D—Tax on Use of Certain Vehicles

Sec.
4481.
Imposition of tax.
4482.
Definitions.
4483.
Exemptions.
4484.
Cross references.

        

Amendments

1983—Pub. L. 97–473, title II, §202(b)(11), Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2610, substituted “Cross references” for “Cross reference” in item 4484.

1956—Act June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(a), 70 Stat. 389, added subchapter heading and analysis of sections.

+

§4481. Imposition of tax

(a) Imposition of tax

A tax is hereby imposed on the use of any highway motor vehicle which (together with the semitrailers and trailers customarily used in connection with highway motor vehicles of the same type as such highway motor vehicle) has a taxable gross weight of at least 55,000 pounds at the rate specified in the following table:

 
Taxable gross weight:Rate of tax:
 At least 55,000 pounds, but not over 75,000 pounds $100 per year plus $22 for each 1,000 pounds (or fraction thereof) in excess of 55,000 pounds.
Over 75,000 pounds $550.

(b) By whom paid

The tax imposed by this section shall be paid by the person in whose name the highway motor vehicle is, or is required to be, registered under the law of the State or contiguous foreign country in which such vehicle is, or is required to be, registered, or, in case the highway motor vehicle is owned by the United States, by the agency or instrumentality of the United States operating such vehicle.

(c) Proration of tax

(1) Where first use occurs after first month

If in any taxable period the first use of the highway motor vehicle is after the first month in such period, the tax shall be reckoned proportionately from the first day of the month in which such use occurs to and including the last day in such taxable period.

(2) Where vehicle sold, destroyed, or stolen

(A) In general

If in any taxable period a highway motor vehicle is sold, destroyed, or stolen before the first day of the last month in such period and not subsequently used during such taxable period, the tax shall be reckoned proportionately from the first day of the month in such period in which the first use of such highway motor vehicle occurs to and including the last day of the month in which such highway motor vehicle was sold, destroyed, or stolen.

(B) Destroyed

For purposes of subparagraph (A), a highway motor vehicle is destroyed if such vehicle is damaged by reason of an accident or other casualty to such an extent that it is not economic to rebuild.

(d) One tax liability per period

(1) In general

To the extent that the tax imposed by this section is paid with respect to any highway motor vehicle for any taxable period, no further tax shall be imposed by this section for such taxable period with respect to such vehicle.

(2) Cross reference

For privilege of paying tax imposed by this section in installments, see section 6156.1

(e) Electronic filing

Any taxpayer who files a return under this section with respect to 25 or more vehicles for any taxable period shall file such return electronically.

(f) Period tax in effect

The tax imposed by this section shall apply only to use before October 1, 2012.

(Added June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §206(a), 70 Stat. 390; amended Pub. L. 87–61, title II, §203(a), (b)(1), (2)(A), (B), June 29, 1961, 75 Stat. 124; Pub. L. 91–605, title III, §303(a)(7), (8), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1744; Pub. L. 94–280, title III, §303(a)(7), (8), May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 456; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, §502(a)(6), (7), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2756; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§513(a), (d), 516(a)(4), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2177, 2179, 2182; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §734(f), title IX, §901(a), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 980, 1003; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §§502(a)(5), 507(a), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 256, 260; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11211(c)(5), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–426; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, §8002(a)(5), Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1704(t)(57), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1890; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, §9002(a)(1)(G), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §867(a), (c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622; Pub. L. 109–14, §9(c)(1), May 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11101(a)(2)(A), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1944; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, §142(b)(1), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356.)

References in Text

Section 6156, referred to in subsec. (d)(2), was repealed by Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §867(b)(1), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622.

Amendments

2011—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 112–30 substituted “2012” for “2011”.

2005—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–59 substituted “2011” for “2006”.

Pub. L. 109–14 substituted “2006” for “2005”.

2004—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–357, §867(a)(2), substituted “sold, destroyed, or stolen” for “destroyed or stolen” in heading.

Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 108–357, §867(a)(1), substituted “sold, destroyed, or stolen” for “destroyed or stolen” in two places.

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 108–357, §867(c), added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f).

1998—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted “2005” for “1999”.

1996—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–188 provided that section 8002(a)(5) of Pub. L. 102–240 shall be applied as if “4481(e)” appeared instead of “4481(c)”. See 1991 Amendment note below.

1991—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–240, which directed the substitution of “1999” for “1995” in subsec. (c), was executed by making the substitution in subsec. (e). See 1996 Amendment note above.

1990—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–508 substituted “1995” for “1993”.

1987—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–17, §507(a), inserted “or contiguous foreign country” after “State”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–17, §502(a)(5), substituted “1993” for “1988”.

1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369, §901(a), in amending subsec. (a) generally, substituted “55,000” for “33,000” in provisions preceding table, struck out heading “(1) In general”, substituted table provisions for former table which provided:

 
Taxable gross weightRate of tax
At leastBut less than
33,000 pounds 55,000 $50 a year, plus $25 for each 1,000 pounds or fraction thereof in excess of 33,000 pounds.
55,000 pounds 80,000 $600 a year, plus the applicable rate for each 1,000 pounds or fraction thereof in excess of 55,000 pounds
80,000 pounds or more The maximum tax a year.

and struck out par. (2) which provided applicable rates and maximum taxes for taxable periods beginning July 1, 1984 through 1988 or thereafter.

Pub. L. 98–369, §734(f), struck out from subsec. (a), as subsec. (a) was in effect before the amendments made by section 513(a) of Pub. L. 97–424: “In case of the taxable period beginning on July 1, 1984, and ending on September 30, 1984, the tax shall be at the rate of 75 cents for such period for each 1,000 pounds of taxable gross weight or fraction thereof.” See 1983 Amendment note below.

1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(a), substituted “at least 33,000 pounds at the rate specified in the following table:” for “more than 26,000 pounds, at the rate of $3.00 a year for each 1,000 pounds of taxable gross weight or fraction thereof.”, and added pars. (1) and (2).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–424, §513(d), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–424, §516(a)(4), substituted “1988” for “1984” after “October 1,”.

1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–599, §502(a)(6), substituted “1984” for “1979” in two places.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–599, §502(a)(7), substituted “1984” for “1979”.

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–280, §303(a)(7), substituted “1979” for “1977” in two places.

Subsec. (e)