31 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 31 - MONEY AND FINANCE
Table Of Contents
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

Subtitle
Sec.
I.
General
101
II.
The Budget Process
1101
III.
Financial Management
3101
IV.
Money
5101
V.
General Assistance Administration
6101
VI.
Miscellaneous
9101

        

Table Showing Disposition of All Sections of Former Title 31
Title 31

Former Sections

Title 31

New Sections

1 Rep.
2 701, 1101
11(a) 1105
11(b), (c) 1106
11(d)–(f) 1105
11(g) (1st–3d sentences) 1106
11(g) (last sentence)–(i) (1st sentence) 1105
11(i) (last sentence), (j) 1108
11(k)(1) 1105
11(k)(2) 1113
11 note 1105
11a 1109
11b T. 2 §661
11c 1110
11d 1104
12 Rep.
13 1105
14 1107
15 1108
16 (1st sentence) 501
16 (2d, 3d sentences) 502
16 (last sentence related to preparation of budgets and appropriations) 1104
16 (last sentence related to appropriations request) 1108
16a 502
16b Rep.
16c 502
17(a) (related to employees) 521
17(a) (related to expenses) 522
17(b), (c) Rep.
18, 18a 1111
18b 1104
18c 1112
19 1105
20 1113
21 1104
22–24 1108
25 1105
26 Rep.
27 1103
28 1114
41 702
42(a) (1st sentence words before comma) 702
42(a) (1st sentence words after comma, last sentence), (b) 703
42a 703
43 (1st par.) 703
43 (2d par. 1st, 2d, 4th, last sentences) 772
43 (2d par. 3d sentence) 779
43 (3d par.) 772
43 (last par.) 775
43a 703
43b(a)–(c) 773
43b(d), (e) 774
43b(f) 776
43b(g) 771
43b(h) 778
43b(i), (j) (less last 13 words before colon) 775
43b(j) (last 13 words before colon) 776
43b(k) 775
43b(l), (m) 776
43b(n), (o) 774
43b(p) 771
43b(q) 773
43b(r) 779
43c 777
44 (1st sentence) 711, 731, 3301, 3323, 3324, 3521, 3522, 3526, 3529, 3531, 3541, 3702, (See §2(b) of Pub. L. 97–258)
44 (2d, last sentences) 3526
45 Rep.
46 704
46a to 48 Rep.
49 3511
49a 5120
50, 51 Rep.
51–1 702
51a, 52(a), (b) 731
52(c), (d) 711
52–1 (related to appointment, pay and assignment) 731
52–1 (related to direct) 711
52–2 732
52–3(a)–(d) 751
52–3(e)–(g) 752
52–3(h) 753
52–3(i) 754
52–3(j), (k) 753
52–3(l) 755
52–3(m) 753
52–4(a) 733
52–4(b) 731
52–5 732
52–6 735
52–7 736
52a Rep.
52b, 52c 731
53(a) (1st sentence words before 5th comma) 712
53(a) (1st sentence words after 5th comma, last sentence) 719
53(b) 712
53(c)–(e) 719
53(f) 718
54 716
55 Rep.
56 731
57, 58 Rep.
59, 60 (1st sentence) 712
60 (last sentence) 719
61 715
65(a)–(e) Rep.
65(f) 3511
65a 3501
65b 3521
66(a) 3511
66(b) (less Treasury Department) 3512
66(b) (related to Treasury Department) 3513
66(c) 3512
66a 3512
66b 3513
66c 3326
66d 3514
67(a)–(c) 3523
67(d)(1)–(3) 713
67(d)(4) 719
67(e)(1)–(5), (7) 714
67(e)(6)(A) 719
67(e)(6)(B) 718
67(f) 3524
68 9501
68a 9503
68b 9504
68c, 68d 9502
71 (related to accounts) 3526
71 (related to claims) 3702
71a 3702
72, 73 Rep.
74 (1st, 2d pars., last par. words after 4th comma) 3526
74 (last par. words before 4th comma) 3529
75 3521
76 (1st, last sentences) 3324
76 (2d, 3d sentences) 3323
77 3323
78 3522
79 Rep.
80–80c 3522
81 3522
82 3521
82a 3325
82a–1, 82a–2 3527
82b 3325
82b–1 3521
82c 3528
82d (words before semicolon) 3541
82d (words after semicolon) 3529
82e (related to 31:82b) 3325
82e (related to 31:82c) 3528
82e (related to 31:82d) 3529
82f (related to disbursing officers) 3325
82f (related to certifying officers) 3528
82g (related to disbursing officers) 3322
82g (related to certifying officers) 3528
82h T. 7 §1032a
82i 3526
82j to 82p Rep.
83, 84 Rep.
85 T. 48 §1469–1
86 3702
87, 88 Rep.
89–92 3531
93, 94 Rep.
95 T. 10 §4842
95a 3527
95b (related to Army, Navy, Air Force) T. 10 §2777
95b (related to State Department) T. 22 §2668
96–102 Rep.
103 T. 10 §2778
103a T. 10 §2773
103b T. 10 §2773
104 T. 10 §7861
105 Rep.
106 T. 10 §7862
107 3526
107a Rep.
108 T. 10 §7231
109–116 Rep.
117 711
118–121 Rep.
122 3702
123 (words before 1st proviso) 3329
123 (provisos) 3330
124 (1st par.) 3329
124 (last par.) 3330
125 (1st par.) 3329
125 (last par.) 3330
126 3329
127 321
128 3329
129–131 3712
132 3328
133 Rep.
134 3328
135 3525
141 301
142–146 Rep.
147 (less disbursement) 3301
147 (related to disbursement) 3323
148–154 Rep.
155 (See former 1003)
156 3333
157 327
161, 162 Rep.
163 329
164–166 Rep.
171 303
172, 173 Rep.
174 5144
175 5155
176 Rep.
177 5114
178, 179 Rep.
180 5141
181 5143
181 note 5142
181a 5142
181b, 181c 5141
181d, 181e Rep.
191, 192 3713
193 9309
194 Rep.
195 3715
196–199 Rep.
200(a) 1501
200(b), (c) 1108
200(d) 1502
200(e) 1501
201, 202 Rep.
203 3727
204–206 Rep.
207 3714
208–214 Rep.
215 3723
215a Rep.
216, 217 3723
218–224 Rep.
224a, 224a note 3725
224b, 224b note 3724 
224c to 226 Rep.
227 3728
228 Rep.
229 T. 2 §190l
230 T. 2 §190m
231 3729
232(A)–(E) 3730
232(F) 3731
233 3730
234 Rep.
235 3731
236, 237 3702
237a 3712
238, 238 note 3722
239 3727
240(1), (2), (4) 3701
240(3) 3721
241(a)–(d) 3721
241(e) Rep.
241(f) 3721
242–243a 3721
243a note 3721
244 3726
251 (1st sentence words after 1st comma) 5131
251 (less 1st sentence words after 1st comma) 304
252 Rep.
253 5132
254 Rep.
261 5131
262 Rep.
263 5131
264–271 Rep.
272 5111
273 (1st, 2d sentences) 5132
273 (last sentence) 5122
274 5121
275 5111
276 5112
277 5121
278, 279 5131
280 Rep.
281 5131
282 Rep.
283 (1st sentence) 5131
283 (2d, last sentences) 5133
284–286 Rep.
287 5131
291 Rep.
292 5131
293, 294 Rep.
301–304 Rep.
311–315a Rep.
315b 5118
316–316d Rep.
317(a), (b) 5112
317(c) Rep.
317a, 317b Rep.
317c 5120
317d to 317e–1 Rep.
317f 321
318–320 Rep.
321 5112
322 5111
323 Rep.
324 5112
324a 5114
324b to 324c 5112
324d, 324e Rep.
324f 5131
324g Rep.
324h 5111
324i Rep.
325 5121
326 Rep.
327–330 5121
331, 332 5122
333 Rep.
334 5122
335 5116
336–339 Rep.
340 5111
341 Rep.
342 5111
343, 344 5121
345 5111
346 5112
347 5121
348, 349 Rep.
350, 351 5113
352 Rep.
353 5111
354–356 5133
357, 358 5122
359 Rep.
360 5121
361 (1st sentence words before 1st comma) 5131
361 (1st sentence words after 1st comma, last sentence) 5132
362 5121
363 Rep.
364 5102
365 5133
366 Rep.
367, 368 5111
369 5132
370 Rep.
371 5101
372 5151
373–388o Rep.
391(a) 5111
391(b)–(d) 5112
392 5103
393(a) 5111
393(b) Rep.
394 5116
395, 396 5111
397 321
398(1)–(4), (6) 5112
398(5) 5113
399 5112
401, 402 5115
403 Rep.
404 5119
405, 405a Rep.
405a–1 5116
405a–2, 405a–3 5119
405b 5117
406–408 Rep.
408a (last proviso) 5117
408a (less last proviso) 5119
408b to 412 Rep.
413–416 5114
417 Rep.
418, 418a 5114
419 5114
420 5119
421, 422 5120
423 Rep.
424 5153
425, 426 5154
427 321
428–430 Rep.
440 Rep.
441 5117
442, 443 Rep.
444 (1st sentence words between 2d and 3d semicolons) 5119
444 (less 1st sentence words between 2d and 3d semicolons) Rep.
445, 446 Rep.
448–448e Rep.
449 Rep.
449a 5152
449b, 449c Rep.
451–455 Rep.
456 5103
457–462 Rep.
463, 463 note 5118
471 Rep.
472 302
473 3303
474–483 Rep.
483a 9701
483b T. 10 §1042
484 3302
485 Rep.
486 321
486a to 488 Rep.
488a T. 16 §580o–2
488b to 488b–2 Rep.
488b–3 T. 16 §580o
488b–4 T. 16 §580o–1
488b–5 T. 16 §580o–3
488b–6 T. 16 §580o–4
489 T. 40 §485a (See Rev. T. 40 Table)
489a T. 10 §2636
490 3302
491 Rep.
492(a) 3322
492(b)–(d) 3332
492 note 3332
492–1 3321
492–2 Rep.
492a–492c 3342
492d Rep.
493 T. 10 §4841
493a T. 10 §2776
493b, 494 Rep.
495 3302
495a Rep.
496, 497 3522
497a 3532
498 3522
499–504b Rep.
505 3545
506, 507 3541
508 3542
509 Rep.
510–513 3542
514 3541
516 3541
517–519 3543
520 3544
521 3302
522 3304
523, 524 Rep.
525 3302
526 3327
527 3328
528(a)–(c) 3331
528(d) 321
528(e) Rep.
528(f), (g) 3331
528(h) Rep.
529 3324
529a Rep.
529b T. 19 §2076
529c T. 19 §2077
529d T. 19 §2078
529e T. 19 §2079
529f T. 19 §2080
529g, 529h Rep.
529i, 529j T. 10 §2395
530 Rep.
530a, 530b 3324
531 T. 15 §196
532 T. 28 §571
533 Rep.
534 T. 16 §556d
535 T. 22 §268b
536, 537 T. 10 §2777
538 3526
539, 540 T. 10 §2777
541 3526
542, 543 Rep.
544 3341
545 3302
546 Rep.
547 T. 22 §2668a
547a 9702
548 3305
549 Rep.
550 T. 33 §877
551, 552 1345
553 T. 42 §3514
554 Rep.
555 T. 26 §4986 note
561–563a 3343
564 321
571 Rep.
581 1104
581 note 1303
581a 1104
581b 1108
581c 1531
581c–1 Rep.
581d 3530
582–622 Rep.
623 1104
624–626 Rep.
627, 628 1301
628–1 1532
628–2, 628–3 T. 10 §2779
628a 1534
629–638 Rep.
638a(a)–(c)(1) 1343
638a(c)(2) (1st, last sentences) 1344
638a(c)(2) (2d sentence) 1349
638a(d) Rep.
638a(e) 1343
638a–1 1343
638b T. 33 §576a
638c 1343 note
638d, 638e 1343
638f Elim.
639–649 Rep.
649a T. 10 §956 note
649b Rep.
649c T. 10 §2394
650 Rep.
650a T. 37 §406
650b to 660 Rep.
661 T. 33 §878
662 T. 16 §754a
663, 663a Rep.
664 Rep.
665(a) 1341
665(b) 1342
665(c) (less (1) (last sentence)) 1512
665(c)(1) (last sentence) 1511
665(d)(1), (2) (1st–4th sentences, 6th sentence 1st–22d words) 1513
665(d)(2) (5th sentence, 6th sentence less 1st–22d words) 1511
665(d)(2) (last sentence related to spending and obligations) 1341
665(d)(2) (last sentence related to voluntary services) 1342
665(d)(2) (last sentence related to price supports) 1511
665(e) 1515
665(f)(1) 1516
665(f)(2) 1511
665(g) (1st sentence) 1513
665(g) (less 1st sentence) 1514
665(h) 1517
665(i)(1) (words before semicolon related to (a), (b)) 1549
665(i)(1) (words after semicolon related to (a), (b)) 1550
665(i)(1) (words before semicolon related to (h)) 1518
665(i)(1) (words after semicolon related to (h)) 1519
665(i)(2) (related to (a), (b)) 1351
665(i)(2) (related to (h)) 1517
665a 1515
665b 1502
666 T. 10 §4541
667 Rep.
668 T. 41 §11a (See Rev. T. 41 Table)
668a 1308
669 (words before semicolon) 1513
669 (words after semicolon) 1341
670 1302
671 T. 2 §§68–2, 95a
671a Rep.
672, 673 1346
674–678 Rep.
679–680a 1348
681 Rep.
682 1307
683–685 Rep.
685a 1537
686(a) 1535
686(b) 1536
686(c) 1535
686–1 1535
686–2 3324
686a Rep.
686b(a), (b), (c) (related to 31:686, 686b) 1535
686b(c) (related to 31:686) 1536
686c to 688 Rep.
689 T. 40 §166a–1 (See T. 2 §1861)
690 Rep.
691 1346
692 T. 43 §1470
693 T. 43 §1471
693a T. 28 §524
694, 695 Rep.
696 1347
697 1533
698 T. 32 §107
698a T. 37 §1012
699 T. 42 §2459a
699a 1309
699b T. 5 §3101 note
700 T. 10 §1584 note
700a, 700b Elim.
700c Rep.
700d T. 38 §203
701(a), (b) 1552
701(c) (1st sentence) 1551
701(c) (last sentence), (d) 1552
702 1553
703(a) 1554
703(b) 1556
704 Rep.
705 1552
706 1555
707 1551
708 1557
711(1)–(3) 1305
711(4)–(11) Rep.
711(11a)–(23) 1305
712 Rep.
712a 1502
712b to 716 Rep.
717, 718 1301
719, 720 Rep.
721 1310
722 T. 2 §30
723, 723a T. 10 §2661a
724 1306
724a (1st sentence) 1304
724a (last sentence) T. 39 §409
725 Rep.
725a to 725d Elim.
725e Rep.
725f Elim.
725g Rep.
725h T. 24 §21b
725i to 725k Rep.
725l, 725m Elim.
725n, 725o Rep.
725p(a) (last sentence) 331
725p (less (a) (last sentence)) Rep.
725p note 1322
725p–1 1322
725q(a) (last sentence) 331
725q (less (a) (last sentence)) Rep.
725q–1 1322
725q–1a 1324
725q–2 T. 18 §3150a
725r 1323
725s (less (a) (last sentence last proviso)) 1321
725s(a) (last sentence last proviso) 1322
725s–1 T. 25 §385a
725s–2 T. 25 §385b
725s–3 T. 25 §385c
725s–4 T. 18 §4043
725t, 725u Rep.
725v(a) Rep.
725v(b) (related to marshals) T. 28 §572a
725v(b) (related to clerks) T. 28 §2043
725w 1503
725x to 725z Rep.
731–733 (words before semicolon) 3123
733 (words after semicolon), 734 5116
734a to 738 Rep.
738a 3125
739 3121
740 3127
741 Rep.
741a 324
742, 742a 3124
743–751 Rep.
752 (1st–4th pars. less 2d par. form of bonds) 3102
752 (2d par. related to form of bonds) 3121
752 (last par.) 3107
752a Rep.
753(a) (less form of notes, certificates of indebtedness, and Treasury bills) 3103
753(a) (related to form of notes, certificates of indebtedness, and Treasury bills) 3121
753(b) Rep.
753(c) 3103
753(d) (1st sentence) 3108
753(d) (2d sentence) 3123
753(d) (last sentence related to 31:771) 3122
753(d) (last sentence less related to 31:771) 3129
754(a) (less form of certificates of indebtedness and Treasury bills, finality) 3104
754(a) (related to form of certificates of indebtedness and Treasury bills, finality) 3121
754(b) Rep.
754(c) T. 12 §221
754(d) Rep.
754a 3111
754b 3121
755–757 Rep.
757a (See former 405b)
757b, 757b–1 3101
757b–2 Rep.
757c(a)–(d) (1st sentence) 3105
757c(d) (last sentence) 3108
757c(e) 3129
757c(f), (g) Rep.
757c(h) 3105
757c(i) (1st–6th sentences) 3126
757c(i) (last sentence) 331
757c(j) 3105
757c–1 Rep.
757c–2(a)–(c) (1st sentence) 3106
757c–2(c) (last sentence) 3108
757c–2(d) 3106
757c–3 3109
757c–4, 757c–5 3121
757d 3128
757e 3113
757f 331
758 3108
759–761 3129
761a to 765 Rep.
766 3123
767 3112
767a Rep.
767b 3112
768 (words before semicolon) 3123
768 (words after semicolon) 3121
769, 770 Rep.
771, 772 3122
772a 3121
773 Rep.
773a–773d 5118
774 Rep.
801–804 3110
804a to 809 Rep.
821 5301
822 5304
822a(a)–(c) 5302
822a(d) 325
822b 5117, 5119, 5304
823, 824 Rep.
841 Rep.
846 9101
847, 848 9103
849 9104
850 9105
851 9106
852 9109
856 9101
857 9105
858 9106
859 1105
866 9105
867 9107
868 (less (d) (1st sentence related to 31:867)) 9108
868(d) (1st sentence related to 31:867) 9107
869(a) 9102
869(b) Rep.
870 9107
871 Rep.
901–904 3113
911 5119
912, 913 Rep.
914–917 5119
931–937 Rep.
938 5303
951 3701
952(a)–(d)(3) 3711
952(d)(4) 3701
952(e)(1) (1st to 3d sentences) 3717
952(e)(1) (last sentence) 3701
952(e)(2)–(7) 3717
952(e)(8) 3701
952(f) 3718
952 note 3711
953 3711 note
954(a)–(d) 3716
954(e) 3701
955 3719
971–973 Rep.
1001 301
1002 (less words between 4th and 5th semicolons) 321
1002 (words between 4th and 5th semicolons) 331
1003 329
1004–1005a 301
1006, 1007 301
1008 Rep.
1009 301
1010 (related to seal) 301
1010 (related to books, papers, and records) Rep.
1011 321
1012, 1013 Rep.
1014 328
1015 Rep.
1016 309
1017 321
1018 329
1019 Rep.
1020 1102
1020–1, 1020a Rep.
1021, 1022 Rep.
1023(a) 321
1023(b) 3302
1023(c) T. 18 §3059
1024 321
1025 Rep.
1026 330
1027 331
1028 Rep.
1029, 1030 331
1031, 1032 326
1033 322
1034 T. 21 §967
1035 T. 21 §968
1036 T. 21 §969
1037 T. 26 §7802
1038 323
1051 5311
1052(a)–(i) 5312
1052(j) 5319
1052(k) Rep.
1052(l) 5312
1053 321
1054(a), (b) (1st sentence) 5318
1054(b) (last sentence related to civil penalties) 5321
1054(b) (last sentence related to criminal penalties) 5322
1055 5318
1056 5321
1057 5320
1058, 1059 5322
1060 Rep.
1061 5319
1062 Rep.
1081–1083 5313
1101 5316
1102 5317
1103, 1104 5321
1105 5317
1121, 1122 5314
1141, 1142 5315
1143(a) 5321
1143(b) (words before last comma) 5320
1143(b) (words after last comma) 5321
1151, 1152(a), (b) 1112
1152(c)–(f) 1113
1153(a)–(c) 1113
1153(d) 1112
1154(a)–(c) 717
1154(d) (1st sentence) 702
1154(d) (last sentence) 731
1154(e) 719
1155(a) 702
1155(b) 719
1156 Rep.
1157 717, 719, 720, 1112
1171–1174 719
1175(a) 734
1175(b) 719
1175(c) 734
1176 720
1201 9302
1202 3530
1203, 1204 Rep.
1221 6702
1222, 1223 Rep.
1224(a)(1), (2) (related to trustee) 6703
1224(a)(2) (related to report) 6724
1224(b) Rep.
1224(c), (d), (e) 6703
1225(a), (b) 6707
1225(c) Rep.
1226(a)(1)(A) 6705
1226(a)(1)(B) 6707
1226(a)(2) 6705
1226(b) 6706
1226(c) Rep.
1227(a), (b)(1) 6708
1227(b)(2), (3) 6709
1227(b)(4) 6708
1227(b)(5) 6709
1227(b)(6), (7) 6712
1227(c) 6711
1227(d) 6701
1227(e) 6710
1228(a)(1) 6713
1228(a)(2) 6707
1228(a)(3) 6701
1228(a)(4) 6707
1228(a)(5) 6702
1228(a)(6) 6712
1228(a)(7) 6713
1228(b) 6707
1228(c)(1) 6707
1228(c)(2)(A) 6701
1228(c)(2)(B) 6707
1228(d) 6708
1228(e) 6709
1228(f)(1) 6707
1228(f)(2) 6708
1228(f)(3), (last sentence) 6709
1228(g) 6707
1228(h) 6713
1241(a) 6724
1241(b), (c) 6714
1241(d) 6724
1241(e) 6714, 6724
1241(f) 6724
1241(g) 6714
1242(a) 6716
1242(b)(1)–(3)(B) (1st sentence) 6717
1242(b)(3)(B) (2d sentence) 6718
1242(b)(3)(B) (last sentence) 6717
1242(b)(3)(C) 6718
1242(b)(3)(D), (E) 6717
1242(c)(1) 6701
1242(c)(2), (3) (related to proceedings) 6717
1242(c)(3) (related to suspensions and terminations) 6718
1242(c)(4) 6701
1242(d) 6719
1242(e), (f) 6718
1242(g) 6720
1242(h) 6716
1243(a), (b) 6704
1243(c) 6723
1243(d) 6715
1243 note 7301–7305
1244 6721
1245 6723
1261(a) 6703, 6724
1261(b)(1)–(7) Rep.
1261(b)(8) 6701
1261(c) 6701
1262(a) 321
1262(b) Rep.
1263 6722
1264 6713
1265 Rep.
1301 T. 2 §621
1302 T. 2 §622
1303 T. 2 §623
1321 T. 2 §631
1322 T. 2 §632
1323 T. 2 §633
1324 T. 2 §634
1325 T. 2 §635
1326 T. 2 §636
1327 T. 2 §637
1328 T. 2 §638
1329 T. 2 §639
1330 T. 2 §640
1331 T. 2 §641
1332 T. 2 §642
1351 T. 2 §651
1352 T. 2 §652
1353 T. 2 §653
1400 T. 2 §681
1401 T. 2 §682
1402 T. 2 §683
1403 T. 2 §684
1404 T. 2 §685
1405 T. 2 §686
1406 T. 2 §687
1407 T. 2 §688
1501–1510 Rep.
1521–1531 Elim.
1601 6902
1602 6903
1603 6904
1604 6903
1605 6902
1606 6901
1607 6906
1701 6101
1702 Rep.
1703 6102
1704(a)–(c) 6103
1704(d), (e) 6102
1705 6104
1706 Rep.
1707 6105
1801(a)(1) 3902
1801(a)(2) 3903
1801(b)–(d) 3902
1802 3904
1803 3906
1804 3905
1805–1806 3901