42 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
CHAPTER 123 - DRUG ABUSE EDUCATION AND PREVENTION
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

CHAPTER 123—DRUG ABUSE EDUCATION AND PREVENTION

SUBCHAPTER I—DRUG EDUCATION AND PREVENTION RELATING TO YOUTH GANGS

Sec.
11801.
Establishment of drug abuse education and prevention program relating to youth gangs.
11802.
Application for grants and contracts.
11803.
Approval of applications.
11804.
Coordination with juvenile justice programs.
11805.
Authorization of appropriations.
11806.
Annual report.

        

SUBCHAPTER II—PROGRAM FOR RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH

11821.
Establishment of program.
11822.
Annual report.
11823.
Authorization of appropriations.
11824.
Applications.
11825.
Review of applications.

        

SUBCHAPTER III—COMMUNITY PROGRAM

11841.
Community youth activity program.
11842.
Evaluation of drug abuse education and prevention efforts.

        

SUBCHAPTER IV—MISCELLANEOUS

11851.
Definitions.

        

SUBCHAPTER I—DRUG EDUCATION AND PREVENTION RELATING TO YOUTH GANGS

§11801. Establishment of drug abuse education and prevention program relating to youth gangs

The Secretary of Health and Human Services, through the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families, shall make grants to, and enter into contracts with, public and nonprofit private agencies (including agencies described in paragraph (7)(A) acting jointly), organizations (including community based organizations with demonstrated experience in this field), institutions, and individuals, to carry out projects and activities—

(1) to prevent and to reduce the participation of youth in the activities of gangs that engage in illicit drug-related activities,

(2) to promote the involvement of youth in lawful activities in communities in which such gangs commit drug-related crimes,

(3) to prevent the abuse of drugs by youth, to educate youth about such abuse, and to refer for treatment and rehabilitation members of such gangs who abuse drugs,

(4) to support activities of local police departments and other local law enforcement agencies to conduct educational outreach activities in communities in which gangs commit drug-related crimes,

(5) to inform gang members and their families of the availability of treatment and rehabilitation services for drug abuse,

(6) to facilitate Federal and State cooperation with local school officials to assist youth who are likely to participate in gangs that commit drug-related crimes,

(7) to facilitate coordination and cooperation among—

(A) local education, juvenile justice, employment and social service agencies, and

(B) drug abuse referral, treatment, and rehabilitation programs,


for the purpose of preventing or reducing the participation of youth in activities of gangs that commit drug-related crimes, and

(8) to provide technical assistance to eligible organizations in planning and implementing drug abuse education, prevention, rehabilitation, and referral programs for youth who are members of gangs that commit drug-related crimes.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3501, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4254; Pub. L. 102–132, §1(a), Oct. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 630.)

Amendments

1991—Pub. L. 102–132 inserted “(including agencies described in paragraph (7)(A) acting jointly)” after “agencies” in introductory provisions.

Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Section 3 of Pub. L. 102–132 provided that: “This Act [enacting section 11806 of this title and amending this section and sections 11805 and 11823 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1991.”

§11802. Application for grants and contracts

(a) Submission of applications

Any agency, organization, institution, or individual desiring to receive a grant, or to enter into a contract, under section 11801 of this title shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require by rule.

(b) Contents of application

Each application for assistance under this subchapter shall—

(1) set forth a project or activity for carrying out one or more of the purposes specified in section 11801 of this title and specifically identify each such purpose such project or activity is designed to carry out,

(2) provide that such project or activity shall be administered by or under the supervision of the applicant,

(3) provide for the proper and efficient administration of such project or activity,

(4) provide for regular evaluation of the operation of such project or activity,

(5) provide that regular reports on such project or activity shall be submitted to the Secretary, and

(6) provide such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to ensure prudent use, proper disbursement, and accurate accounting of funds received under this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3502, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4254.)

§11803. Approval of applications

In selecting among applications submitted under section 11802(a) of this title, the Secretary shall give priority to applicants who propose to carry out projects and activities—

(1) for the purposes specified in section 11801 of this title in geographical areas in which frequent and severe drug-related crimes are committed by gangs whose membership is composed primarily of youth, and

(2) that the applicant demonstrates have the broad support of community based organizations in such geographical areas.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3503, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4255; Pub. L. 101–204, title X, §1001(a), Dec. 7, 1989, 103 Stat. 1826.)

Amendments

1989—Par. (2). Pub. L. 101–204 substituted “have” for “that it has”.

§11804. Coordination with juvenile justice programs

The Secretary shall coordinate the program established by section 11801 of this title with the programs and activities carried out under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 [42 U.S.C. 5601 et seq.] and with the programs and activities of the Attorney General, to ensure that all such programs and activities are complementary and not duplicative.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3504, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4255.)

References in Text

The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 93–415, Sept. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 1109, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 72 (§5601 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5601 of this title and Tables.

§11805. Authorization of appropriations

To carry out this subchapter, there are authorized to be appropriated $16,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 1993 and 1994.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3505, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4255; Pub. L. 102–132, §1(b), Oct. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 630.)

Amendments

1991—Pub. L. 102–132 substituted “$16,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 1993 and 1994” for “$15,000,000 for the fiscal year 1989 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1990 and 1991”.

Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–132 effective Oct. 1, 1991, see section 3 of Pub. L. 102–132, set out as a note under section 11801 of this title.

§11806. Annual report

Not later than 180 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit, to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate, a report describing—

(1) the types of projects and activities for which grants and contracts were made under this subchapter for such fiscal year,

(2) the number and characteristics of the youth and families served by such projects and activities, and

(3) each of such projects and activities the Secretary considers to be exemplary.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3506, as added Pub. L. 102–132, §1(c), Oct. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 630.)

Effective Date

Section effective Oct. 1, 1991, see section 3 of Pub. L. 102–132, set out as an Effective Date of 1991 Amendment note under section 11801 of this title.

SUBCHAPTER II—PROGRAM FOR RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH

§11821. Establishment of program

(a) Program aims

The Secretary shall make grants to public and private nonprofit agencies, organizations, and institutions to carry out research, demonstration, and services projects designed—

(1) to provide individual, family, and group counseling to runaway youth and their families and to homeless youth for the purpose of preventing or reducing the illicit use of drugs by such youth,

(2) to develop and support peer counseling programs for runaway and homeless youth related to the illicit use of drugs,

(3) to develop and support community education activities related to illicit use of drugs by runaway and homeless youth, including outreach to youth individually,

(4) to provide to runaway and homeless youth in rural areas assistance (including the development of community support groups) related to the illicit use of drugs,

(5) to provide to individuals involved in providing services to runaway and homeless youth, information and training regarding issues related to the illicit use of drugs by runaway and homeless youth,

(6) to support research on the illicit drug use by runaway and homeless youth, and the effects on such youth of drug abuse by family members, and any correlation between such use and attempts at suicide, and

(7) to improve the availability and coordination of local services related to drug abuse, for runaway and homeless youth.

(b) Priority

In selecting among applicants for grants under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall give priority to agencies and organizations that have experience in providing services to runaway and homeless youth.

(c) Limitation

Grants under this section may be made for a period not to exceed 3 years.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3511, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4255.)

§11822. Annual report

Not later than 180 days after the end of a fiscal year for which funds are appropriated to carry out this subchapter, the Secretary shall submit to the President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the President pro tempore of the Senate a report that contains—

(1) a description of the types of projects and activities for which grants were made under this subchapter for such fiscal year,

(2) a description of the number and characteristics of the youth and families served by such projects and activities, and

(3) a description of exemplary projects and activities for which grants were made under this subchapter for such fiscal year.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3512, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4256.)

Termination of Reporting Requirements

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103–7 (in which a report required under this section is listed as the 12th item on page 92), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

§11823. Authorization of appropriations

To carry out this subchapter, there are authorized to be appropriated $16,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 1993 and 1994.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3513, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4256; Pub. L. 102–132, §2, Oct. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 630.)

Amendments

1991—Pub. L. 102–132 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows:

“(a) Authorization.—Subject to subsection (b) of this section, to carry out this subchapter, there are authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1989 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1990 and 1991.

“(b) Limitation.—No funds are authorized to be appropriated for a fiscal year to carry out this subchapter unless the aggregate amount appropriated to carry out title III of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5701–5751) for such fiscal year is not less than the aggregate amount appropriated to carry out such title for the preceding fiscal year.”

Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–132 effective Oct. 1, 1991, see section 3 of Pub. L. 102–132, set out as a note under section 11801 of this title.

§11824. Applications

(a) Submission of application

Any State, unit of local government (or combination of units of local government), agency, organization, institution, or individual desiring to receive a grant, or enter into a contract, under this subchapter shall submit an application at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as may be prescribed by the Federal officer who is authorized to make such grant or enter into such contract (hereinafter in this subchapter referred to as the “appropriate Federal officer”).

(b) Contents of application

In accordance with guidelines established by the appropriate Federal officer, each application for assistance under this subchapter shall—

(1) set forth a project or activity for carrying out one or more of the purposes for which such grant or contract is authorized to be made and expressly identify each such purpose such project or activity is designed to carry out,

(2) provide that such project or activity shall be administered by or under the supervision of the applicant,

(3) provide for the proper and efficient administration of such project or activity,

(4) provide for regular evaluation of such project or activity,

(5) provide that regular reports on such project or activity shall be sent to the appropriate Federal officer, and

(6) provide for such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to ensure prudent use, proper disbursement, and accurate accounting of funds received under this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3514, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4256.)

§11825. Review of applications

(a) Consideration of factors

In reviewing applications submitted under this subchapter, the appropriate Federal officer shall consider—

(1) the relative cost and effectiveness of the proposed project or activity in carrying out purposes for which the requested grant or contract is authorized to be made,

(2) the extent to which such project or activity will incorporate new or innovative techniques,

(3) the increase in capacity of the State or the public or nonprofit private agency, organization, institution, or individual involved to provide services to address the illicit use of drugs by runaway and homeless youth,

(4) the extent to which such project or activity serves communities which have high rates of illicit drug use by juveniles (including runaway and homeless youth),

(5) the extent to which such project or activity will provide services in geographical areas where similar services are unavailable or in short supply, and

(6) the extent to which such project or activity will increase the level of services, or coordinate other services, in the community available to eligible youth.

(b) Competitive process

(1) Applications submitted under this subchapter shall be selected for approval through a competitive process to be established by rule by the appropriate Federal officer. As part of such a process, such officer shall publish a notice in the Federal Register—

(A) announcing the availability of funds to carry out this subchapter,

(B) stating the general criteria applicable to the selection of applicants to receive such funds, and

(C) describing the procedures applicable to submitting and reviewing applications for such funds.


(2) As part of such process, each application referred to in subsection (a) of this section shall be subject to peer review by individuals (excluding officers and employees of the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services) who have expertise in the subject matter related to the project or activity proposed in such application.

(c) Expedited review

The appropriate Federal officer shall expedite the consideration of an application referred to in subsection (a) of this section if the applicant demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the 1 such officer, that the failure to expedite such consideration would prevent the effective implementation of the project or activity set forth in such application.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3515, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4257; Pub. L. 101–204, title X, §1001(b), Dec. 7, 1989, 103 Stat. 1826.)

References in Text

This subchapter, referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(A), was in the original “this part” and was translated as reading “this chapter” to reflect the probable intent of Congress because subtitle B of title III of Pub. L. 100–690, which comprises subchapters I to III of this chapter, does not contain parts.

Amendments

1989—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 101–204, §1001(b)(1)(A), inserted “stating” before “the general criteria”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 101–204, §1001(b)(1)(B), substituted “describing” for “a description of”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–204, §1001(b)(2), substituted “such officer” for “Administrator”.

1 So in original. The word “the” probably should not appear.

SUBCHAPTER III—COMMUNITY PROGRAM

§11841. Community youth activity program

(a) Block grant program

The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall make grants to eligible States to enable such States to carry out the activities described in subsection (e) of this section.

(b) Application

(1) In general

To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a State, acting on its own behalf or on behalf of a person, shall submit to the Secretary an application that contains such information and is in such form as may be required by the Secretary.

(2) Demonstration of need

In the application submitted under paragraph (1), the State shall demonstrate a need for the activities described in subsection (e) of this section and provide a description of those activities and projects that will receive financial assistance from a grant made under this section to the State.

(c) Amount of grant

(1) Minimum amount

Each State that submits for a fiscal year an application under subsection (b) of this section that meets the requirements of the Secretary shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, receive a grant in an amount determined in accordance with paragraph (3).

(2) Programs of national significance

Of amounts appropriated or otherwise available to carry out this section for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve 5 percent to be provided for activities and projects of national significance or projects expected to have a significant impact in preventing the abuse of drugs by youth.

(3) Specified appropriations

(A) In general

Of the aggregate amount appropriated under subsection (g) of this section for any fiscal year and after reserving the amount required by paragraph (2), the Secretary shall—

(i) allot—

(I) 25 percent equally among the eligible States if such amount is less than $40,000,000; or

(II) $250,000 to each eligible State if such amount equals or exceeds $40,000,000;


(ii) allot one-half of 1 percent of such amount on the basis of need among Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands of the United States, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; and

(iii) set aside the remainder to be disbursed as described in subparagraph (B).


For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “State” does not include Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands of the United States, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

(B) Remainder

Amounts referred to in subparagraph (A)(iii) shall be used by the Secretary to make grants, on a competitive basis and taking into consideration with respect to the States—

(i) the highest proportions of school-aged youth are 1 at risk of drug abuse;

(ii) if a tangible need has been identified by the State involved; and

(iii) if the State involved has proposed the funding of additional projects targeted at the areas of highest need;


to carry out the activities and projects that are consistent with the activities described in subsection (e)(1) of this section. The activities and projects for which such grants are made shall be selected by the Secretary from among proposed activities and projects submitted to the Secretary by the States. Such grants shall be made to the States for redistribution to the persons on whose behalf the State submitted an application under subsection (b) of this section.

(d) Priority

In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to—

(1) projects aimed at youth who are not in school or who are at risk of dropping out of school;

(2) projects that seek to reinvolve dropouts in educational programs, involve youth community-based activities, develop training or employment opportunities for dropouts, or provide youth with alternatives to drug abuse;

(3) projects to provide after-school, vacation, and weekend activities designed to give youth opportunities to actively participate in a variety of activities, including youth sports programs;

(4) activities and projects that are consistent with activities and projects described in subsection (e)(1) of this section and that include participation by the business community;

(5) projects that provide outreach to individuals of all ages who are at high risk of involvement with drug abuse;

(6) projects targeted to communities with the most serious drug abuse problems to enable such communities to develop programs that coordinate Federal, State, and local efforts to develop comprehensive, long-term, community-wide prevention and education strategies;

(7) projects that seek to involve youth who are members of gangs or who may join a gang, in—

(A) educational programs;

(B) community-based activities;

(C) training or employment opportunities; or

(D) other alternatives to gang involvement;


(8) programs for unsupervised children before and after school, including—

(A) education and instruction consistent with title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 [20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.];

(B) athletic activities;

(C) creative activities; and

(D) other programs designed to reduce the risk of drug abuse; and


(9) projects that seek to inform youth regarding the existence and operation of the projects referred to in paragraph (7).

(e) Activities and projects

Financial assistance may be provided with a grant received under subsection (a) 2 under this section by a State as follows:

(1) Community services and partnerships

Such assistance may be provided for community services and partnerships designed to develop community activities targeted at drug abuse prevention through education, training, and recreation projects. Such services may be provided by, and such partnerships may be entered into with—

(A) local educational agencies;

(B) law enforcement agencies;

(C) community-based organizations;

(D) community action agencies;

(E) local or State recreational departments; or

(F) business organizations; and


in consultation with local and State health departments and with community health or mental health centers when appropriate. Such assistance may be provided to any entity described in subparagraphs (A) through (F), either individually or in partnerships. Applications for such assistance shall include a description of the method to be used to evaluate the impact the particular service or partnership is designed to have on the drug abuse problem within the community.

(2) Other activities and projects

Such assistance may be provided to carry out projects or activities that are consistent with the activities and projects described in paragraph (1).

(f) Project evaluations

The Secretary shall provide for the evaluation of activities and projects conducted with financial assistance received under this section. Applications for grants under this section shall include a description of the method to be used in evaluating the impact such activities and programs have on the drug abuse problem within the communities in which such activities and projects are carried out.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1989, $55,000,000 for fiscal year 1990, $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1991, $66,550,000 for fiscal year 1992, and $73,205,000 for fiscal year 1993.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3521, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4258; Pub. L. 101–93, §4(1), Aug. 16, 1989, 103 Stat. 611; Pub. L. 101–226, §23, Dec. 12, 1989, 103 Stat. 1941; Pub. L. 103–382, title III, §394(b), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 4027; Pub. L. 105–285, title II, §202(d), Oct. 27, 1998, 112 Stat. 2755.)

References in Text

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, referred to in subsec. (d)(8)(A), is Pub. L. 89–10, Apr. 11, 1965, 79 Stat. 27, as amended generally. Title IV of the Act is classified generally to subchapter IV (§7101 et seq.) of chapter 70 of Title 20, Education. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 6301 of Title 20 and Tables.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105–285 struck out “, such as activities authorized by section 9910(a)(2)(F) of this title,” after “national significance”.

1994—Subsec. (d)(8)(A). Pub. L. 103–382 substituted “title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965” for “the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986”.

1989—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 101–93, §4(1)(A), substituted “subsection (e)” for “subsections (c)(3)(B) and (e)”.

Subsec. (c)(3)(A). Pub. L. 101–93, §4(1)(B), substituted “subsection (g)” for “subsection (h)”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–226, which directed amendment of section 3521(d) of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 by adding par. (8) and redesignating former par. (8) as (9), was executed to section 3521(d) of Pub. L. 100–690, the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988, as the probable intent of Congress. Subtitle A (§§1001–1012) of title I of Pub. L. 100–690 is the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988.

Termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.

1 So in original. Probably should be “who are”.

2 So in original. Words “under subsection (a)” probably should not appear.

§11842. Evaluation of drug abuse education and prevention efforts

(a) Method

The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall develop and conduct a structured evaluation of the different approaches utilized across the Nation to reduce drug abuse.

(b) Grants

The Secretary of Health and Human Services may make grants to or enter into contracts with appropriate entities for the purpose of conducting the evaluations required by subsection (a) of this section.

(c) Time of reports

The Secretary shall submit a report based on the evaluations prepared under subsection (a) of this section not later than 1 year after November 18, 1988, and another report based on such evaluations not later than 3 years after November 18, 1988. A third report based on such evaluations shall be submitted by the Secretary not later than January 1, 1994.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $12,000,000 in fiscal year 1989, and $15,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990 through 1993.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3522, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4260; Pub. L. 101–93, §4(2), Aug. 16, 1989, 103 Stat. 611; Pub. L. 101–204, title X, §1001(c)(1), Dec. 7, 1989, 103 Stat. 1826.)

Amendments

1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–93 and Pub. L. 101–204, §1001(c)(1)(A)(ii), made identical amendments, striking out “(as defined in section 11851(6) of this title)” after “drug abuse”.

Pub. L. 101–204, §1001(c)(1)(A)(i), struck out “, acting through the Administrator,” before “shall develop”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–204, §1001(c)(1)(B), substituted “Secretary of Health and Human Services” for “Administrator”.

SUBCHAPTER IV—MISCELLANEOUS

§11851. Definitions

Unless otherwise defined by an Act amended by this title,1 for purposes of this title 1 and the amendments made by this title— 1

(1) the term “community based” has the meaning given it in section 5603(1) of this title,

(2) the term “controlled substance” has the meaning given it in section 802(6) of title 21,

(3) the term “controlled substance analogue” has the meaning given it in section 802(32) of title 21,

(4) the term “drug” means—

(A) a beverage containing alcohol,

(B) a controlled substance, or

(C) a controlled substance analogue,


(5) the term “Director” means the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and Community Service,

(6) the term “illicit” means unlawful or injurious,

(7) the term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given it in section 1001 of title 20,

(8) the term “public agency” has the meaning given it in section 5603(11) of this title,

(9) the term “Secretary” means—

(A) the Secretary of Education for purposes of subtitle A (other than section 3201),

(B) the Secretary of Agriculture for purposes of the amendments made by section 3201, and

(C) the Secretary of Health and Human Services for purposes of subtitle B,


(10) the term “State” has the meaning given it in section 5603(7) of this title,

(11) the term “treatment” has the meaning given it in section 5603(15) of this title, and

(12) the term “unit of general local government” has the meaning given it in section 5603(8) 1 of this title.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title III, §3601, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4260; Pub. L. 101–204, title X, §1001(c)(2), Dec. 7, 1989, 103 Stat. 1827; Pub. L. 103–82, title IV, §405(n), Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 922; Pub. L. 105–244, title I, §102(a)(13)(J), Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1621.)

References in Text

This title, referred to in introductory provisions, means title III of Pub. L. 100–690, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4244, which enacted this chapter and sections 3156–1, 3201, and 3227 of Title 20, Education, and amended sections 1786, 4994, and 5081 of this title and sections 3156a, 3181, 3191 to 3195, 3197, 3212, and 3222 of Title 20. For complete classification of title III to the Code, see Tables.

Subtitle A (other than section 3201), referred to in par. (9)(A), is subtitle A (§§3101–3402) of title III of Pub. L. 100–690, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4245, which enacted former sections 3156–1, 3201, and 3227 of Title 20, and amended sections 4994 and 5081 of this title and former sections 3156a, 3181, 3191 to 3195, 3197, 3212, and 3222 of Title 20. For complete classification of subtitle A to the Code, see Tables.

Section 3201, referred to in par. (9)(A), (B), is section 3201 of Pub. L. 100–690, title III, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4246, which amended section 1786 of this title.

Subtitle B, referred to in par. (9)(C), is subtitle B (§§3501–3522) of title III of Pub. L. 100–690, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4254, which enacted subchapters I to III of this chapter. For complete classification of subtitle B to the Code, see Tables.

Section 5603(8) of this title, referred to in par. (12), was subsequently amended, and no longer defines “unit of general local government”. However, it now defines “unit of local government”.

Amendments

1998—Par. (7). Pub. L. 105–244 substituted “section 1001” for “section 1141(a)”.

1993—Par. (5). Pub. L. 103–82 added par. (5) and struck out former par. (5) which read as follows: “the term ‘Director’ means the Director of the ACTION Agency,”.

1989—Pub. L. 101–204 redesignated pars. (2) to (13) as (1) to (12), respectively, and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “the term ‘Administrator’ means the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention,”.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105–244, see section 3 of Pub. L. 105–244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20, Education.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–82 effective Apr. 4, 1994, see section 406(b) of Pub. L. 103–82, set out as a note under section 8332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

1 See References in Text note below.