42 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
CHAPTER 124 - PUBLIC HOUSING DRUG ELIMINATION
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

CHAPTER 124—PUBLIC HOUSING DRUG ELIMINATION

SUBCHAPTER I—PUBLIC AND ASSISTED HOUSING DRUG ELIMINATION

Sec.
11901.
Congressional findings.
11902.
Authority to make grants.
11903.
Eligible activities.
11903a.
Repealed.
11904.
Applications.
11905.
Definitions.
11906.
Reports.
11907.
Monitoring.
11908.
Authorization of appropriations.
11909.
Repealed.

        

SUBCHAPTER II—DRUG-FREE PUBLIC HOUSING

11921.
Statement of purpose.
11922.
Clearinghouse on drug abuse in public housing.
11923.
Regional training program on drug abuse in public housing.
11924.
Definitions.
11925.
Regulations.

        

SUBCHAPTER I—PUBLIC AND ASSISTED HOUSING DRUG ELIMINATION

§11901. Congressional findings

The Congress finds that—

(1) the Federal Government has a duty to provide public and other federally assisted low-income housing that is decent, safe, and free from illegal drugs;

(2) public and other federally assisted low-income housing in many areas suffers from rampant drug-related or violent crime;

(3) drug dealers are increasingly imposing a reign of terror on public and other federally assisted low-income housing tenants;

(4) the increase in drug-related and violent crime not only leads to murders, muggings, and other forms of violence against tenants, but also to a deterioration of the physical environment that requires substantial government expenditures;

(5) local law enforcement authorities often lack the resources to deal with the drug problem in public and other federally assisted low-income housing, particularly in light of the recent reductions in Federal aid to cities;

(6) the Federal Government should provide support for effective safety and security measures to combat drug-related and violent crime, primarily in and around public housing projects with severe crime problems;

(7) closer cooperation should be encouraged between public and assisted housing managers, local law enforcement agencies, and residents in developing and implementing anti-crime programs; and

(8) anti-crime strategies should be improved through the expansion of community-oriented policing initiatives.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5122, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4301; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4245; Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §586(b), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2646.)

Amendments

1998—Par. (2). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(b)(1), inserted “or violent” after “drug-related”.

Par. (4). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(b)(2)(A), inserted “and violent” after “drug-related”.

Pars. (6) to (8). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(b)(2)(B), (3), (4), added pars. (6) to (8).

1990—Pub. L. 101–625 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows: “The Congress finds that—

“(1) the Federal Government has a duty to provide public housing that is decent, safe, and free from illegal drugs;

“(2) public housing projects in many areas suffer from rampant drug-related crime;

“(3) drug dealers are increasingly imposing a reign of terror on public housing tenants;

“(4) the increase in drug-related crime not only leads to murders, muggings, and other forms of violence against tenants, but also to a deterioration of the physical environment that requires substantial government expenditures; and

“(5) local law enforcement authorities often lack the resources to deal with the drug problem in public housing, particularly in light of the recent reductions in Federal aid to cities.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by title V of Pub. L. 105–276 effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement amendment before such date, except to extent that such amendment provides otherwise, and with savings provision, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as a note under section 1437 of this title.

Short Title of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §586(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2646, provided that: “This section [enacting sections 11906 to 11908 of this title, amending this section and sections 11902, 11903, 11904, and 11905 of this title, and repealing sections 11906 to 11909 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Public and Assisted Housing Drug Elimination Program Amendments of 1998’.”

Short Title of 1994 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–227, title X, §1051, Mar. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 274, provided that: “This part [part D (§§1051–1053) of title X of Pub. L. 103–227, amending section 11903a of this title] may be cited as the ‘Midnight Basketball League Training and Partnership Act’.”

Short Title

Section 5121 of Pub. L. 100–690, as amended by Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4245, provided that: “This chapter [chapter 2 (§§5121–5130) of subtitle C of title V of Pub. L. 100–690, enacting this subchapter] may be cited as the ‘Public and Assisted Housing Drug Elimination Act of 1990’.”

Section 5141 of Pub. L. 100–690 provided that: “This chapter [chapter 3 (§§5141–5146) of subtitle C of title V of Pub. L. 100–690, enacting subchapter II of this chapter] may be cited as the ‘Drug-Free Public Housing Act of 1988’.”

§11902. Authority to make grants

(a) In general

The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter, may make grants to public housing agencies, public housing resident management corporations that are principally managing, as determined by the Secretary, public housing projects owned by public housing agencies, recipients of assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 [25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.], Indian tribes 1 and private, for-profit and nonprofit owners of federally assisted low-income housing for use in eliminating drug-related and violent crime.

(b) Consortia

Subject to terms and conditions established by the Secretary, public housing agencies may form consortia for purposes of applying for grants under this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5123, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4301; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4246; Pub. L. 102–550, title I, §161(d)(1), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3719; Pub. L. 104–330, title VII, §704(1), Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4051; Pub. L. 105–276, title II, §220(1), title V, §586(c), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2488, 2647.)

References in Text

The Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 104–330, Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4016, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 43 (§4101 et seq.) of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4101 of Title 25 and Tables.

Amendments

1998—Pub. L. 105–276, §586(c), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted “recipients of assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996” for “tribally designated housing entities”, inserted “and violent” after “drug-related”, and added subsec. (b).

Pub. L. 105–276, §220(1), inserted “Indian tribes” before “and private”.

1996—Pub. L. 104–330 struck out “(including Indian Housing Authorities)” after “grants to public housing agencies” and inserted “tribally designated housing entities,” before “and private”.

1992—Pub. L. 102–550 inserted “, public housing resident management corporations that are principally managing, as determined by the Secretary, public housing projects owned by public housing agencies,” after “Authorities)”.

1990—Pub. L. 101–625 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows: “The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter, may make grants to public housing agencies (including Indian housing authorities) for use in eliminating drug-related crime in public housing projects.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by title V of Pub. L. 105–276 effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement amendment before such date, except to extent that such amendment provides otherwise, and with savings provision, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as a note under section 1437 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–330 effective Oct. 1, 1997, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 107 of Pub. L. 104–330, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4101 of Title 25, Indians.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

§11903. Eligible activities

(a) Public and assisted housing

Grants under this subchapter may be used in public housing or other federally assisted low-income housing projects for—

(1) the employment of security personnel;

(2) reimbursement of local law enforcement agencies for additional security and protective services;

(3) physical improvements which are specifically designed to enhance security;

(4) the employment of one or more individuals—

(A) to investigate drug-related or violent crime in and around the real property comprising any public or other federally assisted low-income housing project; and

(B) to provide evidence relating to such crime in any administrative or judicial proceeding;


(5) the provision of training, communications equipment, and other related equipment for use by voluntary tenant patrols acting in cooperation with local law enforcement officials;

(6) programs designed to reduce use of drugs in and around public or other federally assisted low-income housing projects, including drug-abuse prevention, intervention, referral, and treatment programs;

(7) where a public housing agency, an Indian tribe, or recipient of assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 [25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.] receives a grant, providing funding to nonprofit resident management corporations and resident councils to develop security and drug abuse prevention programs involving site residents; and

(8) sports programs and sports activities that serve primarily youths from public or other federally assisted low-income housing projects and are operated in conjunction with, or in furtherance of, an organized program or plan designed to reduce or eliminate drugs and drug-related problems in and around such projects.

(b) Other PHA-owned housing

Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, grants under this subchapter may be used to eliminate drug-related crime in and around housing owned by public housing agencies that is not public housing assisted under the United States Housing Act of 1937 [42 U.S.C. 1437 et seq.] and is not otherwise federally assisted, for the activities described in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a) of this section, but only if—

(1) the housing is located in a high intensity drug trafficking area designated pursuant to section 1504 1 of title 21; and

(2) the public housing agency owning the housing demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that drug-related or violent activity in or around the housing has a detrimental effect on or about the real property comprising any public or other federally assisted low-income housing.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5124, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4301; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4246; Pub. L. 102–550, title I, §161(c), (d)(2), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3718, 3719; Pub. L. 104–330, title VII, §704(2), Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4051; Pub. L. 105–276, title II, §220(2), title V, §586(d), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2488, 2647.)

References in Text

The Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (a)(7), is Pub. L. 104–330, Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4016, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 43 (§4101 et seq.) of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4101 of Title 25 and Tables.

The United States Housing Act of 1937, referred to in subsec. (b), is act Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 896, as revised generally by Pub. L. 93–383, title II, §201(a), Aug. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 653, and amended, which is classified generally to chapter 8 (§1437 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1437 of this title and Tables.

Section 1504 of title 21, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), was repealed by Pub. L. 100–690, title I, §1009, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4188, as amended.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (a)(4)(A). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(d)(1)(A), substituted “drug-related or violent crime in and around” for “drug-related crime on or about”.

Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(d)(1)(C)(i), substituted “recipient of assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996” for “tribally designated housing entity”.

Pub. L. 105–276, §220(2), inserted “, an Indian tribe,” after “public housing agency”.

Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(d)(1)(B), (C)(ii), (8)[(D)], added par. (8).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(d)(2)(A), substituted “drug-related crime in and around” for “drug-related crime in” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(d)(2)(B), substituted “drug-related or violent activity in or around” for “drug-related activity at”.

1996—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 104–330 inserted “or tribally designated housing entity” after “public housing agency” and struck out “public housing” after “nonprofit”.

1992—Pub. L. 102–550 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, inserted “where a public housing agency receives a grant,” in par. (7), and added subsec. (b).

1990—Pub. L. 101–625 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows: “A public housing agency may use a grant under this subchapter for—

“(1) the employment of security personnel in public housing projects;

“(2) reimbursement of local law enforcement agencies for additional security and protective services for public housing projects;

“(3) physical improvements in public housing projects which are specifically designed to enhance security;

“(4) the employment of 1 or more individuals—

“(A) to investigate drug-related crime on or about the real property comprising any public housing project; and

“(B) to provide evidence relating to any such crime in any administrative or judicial proceeding;

“(5) the provision of training, communications equipment, and other related equipment for use by voluntary public housing tenant patrols acting in cooperation with local law enforcement officials;

“(6) innovative programs designed to reduce use of drugs in and around public housing projects; and

“(7) providing funding to nonprofit public housing resident management corporation and tenant councils to develop security and drug abuse prevention programs involving site residents.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by title V of Pub. L. 105–276 effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement amendment before such date, except to extent that such amendment provides otherwise, and with savings provision, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as a note under section 1437 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–330 effective Oct. 1, 1997, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 107 of Pub. L. 104–330, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4101 of Title 25, Indians.

1 See References in Text note below.

§11903a. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §582(a)(13), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2644

Section, Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §520, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4202; Pub. L. 102–389, title II, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1587; Pub. L. 102–550, title I, §126(b), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3710; Pub. L. 103–227, title X, §§1052, 1053, Mar. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 274, 280; Pub. L. 104–330, title V, §501(d)(2), Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4043, authorized grants for public and assisted housing youth sports programs.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement repeal before such date, and with savings provision, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title.

§11904. Applications

(a) In general

To receive a grant under this subchapter, a public housing agency, a public housing resident management corporation, an Indian tribe 1 a recipient of assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 [25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.], or an owner of federally assisted low-income housing shall submit an application to the Secretary, at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such additional information as the Secretary may reasonably require. Such application shall include a plan for addressing the problem of drug-related or violent crime in and around of 2 the housing administered or owned by the applicant for which the application is being submitted, which plan shall be coordinated with and may be included in the public housing agency plan submitted to the Secretary pursuant to section 1437c–1 of this title.

(b) One-year renewable grants

(1) In general

An eligible applicant that is a public housing agency may apply for a 1-year grant under this subchapter that, subject to the availability of appropriated amounts, shall be renewed annually for a period of not more than 4 additional years, except that such renewal shall be contingent upon the Secretary finding, upon an annual or more frequent review, that the grantee agency is performing under the terms of the grant and applicable laws in a satisfactory manner and meets such other requirements as the Secretary may prescribe. The Secretary may adjust the amount of any grant received or renewed under this paragraph to take into account increases or decreases in amounts appropriated for these purposes or such other factors as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(2) Eligibility and preference

The Secretary may not provide assistance under this subchapter to an applicant that is a public housing agency unless—

(A) the agency will use the grants to continue or expand activities eligible for assistance under this subchapter, as in effect immediately before the effective date under section 503(a) of the Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998, in which case the Secretary shall provide preference to such applicant; except that preference under this subparagraph shall not preclude selection by the Secretary of other meritorious applications that address urgent or serious crime problems nor be construed to require continuation of activities determined by the Secretary to be unworthy of continuation; or

(B) the agency is in the class established under paragraph (3).

(3) PHAs having urgent or serious crime problems

The Secretary shall, by regulations issued after notice and opportunity for public comment, set forth criteria for establishing a class of public housing agencies that have urgent or serious crime problems. The Secretary may reserve a portion of the amount appropriated to carry out this subchapter in each fiscal year only for grants for public housing agencies in such class, except that any amounts from such portion reserved that are not obligated to agencies in the class shall be made available only for agencies that are subject to a preference under paragraph (2)(A).

(4) Inapplicability to federally assisted low-income housing

The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to federally assisted low-income housing.

(c) Criteria

The Secretary shall approve applications under subsection (b) of this section that are not subject to a preference under subsection (b)(2)(A) of this section on the basis of thresholds or criteria such as—

(1) the extent of the drug-related or violent crime problem in and around the public or federally assisted low-income housing project or projects proposed for assistance;

(2) the quality of the plan to address the crime problem in the public or federally assisted low-income housing project or projects proposed for assistance, including the extent to which the plan includes initiatives that can be sustained over a period of several years;

(3) the capability of the applicant to carry out the plan; and

(4) the extent to which tenants, the local government and the local community support and participate in the design and implementation of the activities proposed to be funded under the application.

(d) Federally assisted low-income housing

In addition to the selection criteria specified in subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary may establish other criteria for the evaluation of applications submitted by owners of federally assisted low-income housing, except that such additional criteria shall be designed only to reflect—

(1) relevant differences between the financial resources and other characteristics of public housing authorities and owners of federally assisted low-income housing, or

(2) relevant differences between the problem of drug-related or violent crime in public housing and the problem of drug-related or violent crime in federally assisted low-income housing.

(e) High intensity drug trafficking areas

In evaluating the extent of the drug-related crime problem pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary may consider whether housing projects proposed for assistance are located in a high intensity drug trafficking area designated pursuant to section 1504 3 of title 21.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5125, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4302; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4246; Pub. L. 102–550, title I, §161(d)(3), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3719; Pub. L. 104–330, title VII, §704(3), Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4051; Pub. L. 105–276, title II, §220(3), title V, §586(e), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2488, 2647.)

References in Text

The Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 104–330, Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4016, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 43 (§4101 et seq.) of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4101 of Title 25 and Tables.

Section 503(a) of the Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (b)(2)(A), is section 503(a) of Pub. L. 105–276, which is set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title.

Section 1504 of title 21, referred to in subsec. (e), was repealed by Pub. L. 100–690, title I, §1009, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4188, as amended.

Amendments

1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(1), substituted “recipient of assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996” for “tribally designated housing entity” in first sentence and “or violent crime in and around” for “crime on the premises” in second sentence, and inserted before period at end “, which plan shall be coordinated with and may be included in the public housing agency plan submitted to the Secretary pursuant to section 1437c–1 of this title”.

Pub. L. 105–276, §220(3), inserted “an Indian tribe” after “resident management corporation,”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(5), (6), added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsec. (b) as (c).

Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(2)(A), inserted introductory provisions and struck out former introductory provisions which read as follows: “Except as provided by subsections (c) and (d) of this section the Secretary shall approve applications under this subchapter based exclusively on—”.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(2)(B), substituted “or violent crime problem in and around” for “crime problem in”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(5), redesignated subsec. (b) as (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).

Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(3)(A), substituted “subsection (c)” for “subsection (b)” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(3)(B), inserted “or violent” after “drug-related” in two places.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(5), redesignated subsec. (c) as (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(4), substituted “subsection (c)” for “subsection (b)”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(e)(5), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e).

1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–330 inserted “a tribally designated housing entity,” after “resident management corporation,”.

1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–550 inserted “, a public housing resident management corporation,” after “public housing agency” in first sentence.

1990—Pub. L. 101–625 amended section generally, substituting present provisions for provisions relating generally to applications for grants under this subchapter and to criteria for approval of such applications.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by title V of Pub. L. 105–276 effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement amendment before such date, except to extent that such amendment provides otherwise, and with savings provision, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as a note under section 1437 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–330 effective Oct. 1, 1997, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 107 of Pub. L. 104–330, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4101 of Title 25, Indians.

1 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

2 So in original.

3 See References in Text note below.

§11905. Definitions

For the purposes of this subchapter:

(1) Controlled substance

The term “controlled substance” has the meaning given such term in section 802 of title 21.

(2) Drug-related crime

The term “drug-related crime” means the illegal manufacture, sale, distribution, use, or possession with intent to manufacture, sell, distribute, or use a controlled substance.

(3) Secretary

The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

(4) Federally assisted low-income housing

The term “federally assisted low-income housing” means housing assisted under—

(A) section 1715l(d)(3), section 1715l(d)(4), or 1715z–1 of title 12;

(B) section 1701s of title 12; or

(C) section 1437f of this title.

(5) Recipient

The term “recipient”, when used in reference to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 [25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.], has the meaning given such term in section 4 of such Act [25 U.S.C. 4103].

(6) Indian tribe

The term “Indian tribe” has the meaning given the term in section 4(12) 1 of the Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination Act of 1996, 25 U.S.C. 4103(12).

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5126, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4302; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4247; Pub. L. 104–330, title VII, §704(4), Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4051; Pub. L. 105–276, title II, §220(4), title V, §586(f), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2488, 2649; Pub. L. 106–74, title II, §227(a), as added Pub. L. 106–113, div. A, title I, §175(d), Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1534.)

References in Text

The Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996, referred to in par. (5), is Pub. L. 104–330, Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4016, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 43 (§4101 et seq.) of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4101 of Title 25 and Tables.

Section 4(12) of the Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination Act of 1996, referred to in par. (6), was redesignated section 4(13) by Pub. L. 110–411, §3(2), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4320.

Amendments

1999—Par. (4)(D). Pub. L. 106–74, §227(a), as added by Pub. L. 106–113, struck out subpar. (D) which read as follows: “the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act.”

1998—Par. (5). Pub. L. 105–276, §586(f), added par. (5) and struck out heading and text of former par. (5). Text read as follows: “The term ‘tribally designated housing entity’ has the meaning given such term in section 4 of the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996.”

Par. (6). Pub. L. 105–276, §220(4), added par. (6).

1996—Par. (4)(D). Pub. L. 104–330, §704(4)(A), added subpar. (D).

Par. (5). Pub. L. 104–330, §704(4)(B), added par. (5).

1990—Pub. L. 101–625 amended section generally, adding provisions defining “Federally assisted low-income housing”.

Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–74, title II, §227(b), as added by Pub. L. 106–113, div. A, title I, §175(d), Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1534, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be construed to have taken effect on October 21, 1998.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by title V of Pub. L. 105–276 effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement amendment before such date, except to extent that such amendment provides otherwise, and with savings provision, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as a note under section 1437 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–330 effective Oct. 1, 1997, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 107 of Pub. L. 104–330, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4101 of Title 25, Indians.

1 See References in Text note below.

§11906. Reports

(a) Grantee reports

The Secretary shall require grantees under this subchapter to provide periodic reports that include the obligation and expenditure of grant funds, the progress made by the grantee in implementing the plan described in section 11904(a) of this title, and any change in the incidence of drug-related crime in projects assisted under this subchapter.

(b) HUD reports

The Secretary shall submit a report to the Congress not later than 18 months after October 21, 1998, describing the system used to distribute funding to grantees under this section, which shall include descriptions of—

(1) the methodology used to distribute amounts made available under this subchapter among public housing agencies, including provisions used to provide for renewals of ongoing programs funded under this subchapter; and

(2) actions taken by the Secretary to ensure that amounts made available under this subchapter are not used to fund baseline local government services, as described in section 11907(b) of this title.

(c) Notice of funding awards

The Secretary shall cause to be published in the Federal Register notice of all grant awards made pursuant to this subchapter, which shall identify the grantees and the amount of the grants. Such notice shall be published not less frequently than annually.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5127, as added Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §586(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2649.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 11906, Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5127, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4303; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4248, related to implementation of this subchapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §§503, 586(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2521, 2649, effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement the repeal before such date, except to extent otherwise provided, and with savings provision.

Effective Date

Section effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement section before such date, except to extent otherwise provided, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title.

§11907. Monitoring

(a) In general

The Secretary shall audit and monitor the programs funded under this subchapter to ensure that assistance provided under this subchapter is administered in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter.

(b) Prohibition of funding baseline services

(1) In general

Amounts provided under this subchapter may not be used to reimburse or support any local law enforcement agency or unit of general local government for the provision of services that are included in the baseline of services required to be provided by any such entity pursuant to a local cooperation agreement under section 1437c(e)(2) of this title or any provision of an annual contributions contract for payments in lieu of taxation pursuant to section 1437d(d) of this title.

(2) Description

Each public housing agency that receives grant amounts under this subchapter shall describe, in the report under section 11906(a) of this title, such baseline of services for the unit of general local government in which the jurisdiction of the agency is located.

(c) Enforcement

The Secretary shall provide for the effective enforcement of this section, which may include the use of on-site monitoring, independent public audit requirements, certification by local law enforcement or local government officials regarding the performance of baseline services referred to in subsection (b) of this section, and entering into agreements with the Attorney General to achieve compliance, and verification of compliance, with the provisions of this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5128, as added Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §586(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2649.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 11907, Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5128, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4303; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4248, related to provision of periodic reports by grantees, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §§503, 586(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2521, 2649, effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement the repeal before such date, except to extent otherwise provided, and with savings provision.

Effective Date

Section effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement section before such date, except to extent otherwise provided, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title.

Review of Drug Elimination Program Contracts

Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §587, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2650, provided that:

“(a) Requirement.—The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall investigate all security contracts awarded by grantees under the Public and Assisted Housing Drug Elimination Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 11901 et seq.) that are public housing agencies that own or operate more than 4,500 public housing dwelling units—

“(1) to determine whether the contractors under such contracts have complied with all laws and regulations regarding prohibition of discrimination in hiring practices;

“(2) to determine whether such contracts were awarded in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations regarding the award of such contracts;

“(3) to determine how many such contracts were awarded under emergency contracting procedures; and

“(4) to evaluate the effectiveness of the contracts.

“(b) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998], the Secretary shall complete the investigation required under subsection (a) and submit a report to the Congress regarding the findings under the investigation. With respect to each such contract, the report shall (1) state whether the contract was made and is operating, or was not made or is not operating, in full compliance with applicable laws and regulations, and (2) for each contract that the Secretary determines is in such compliance issue a certification of such compliance by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

“(c) Actions.—For each contract that is described in the report under subsection (b) as not made or not operating in full compliance with applicable laws and regulations, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall promptly take any actions available under law or regulation that are necessary—

“(1) to bring such contract into compliance; or

“(2) to terminate the contract.

“(d) Effective Date.—This section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998].”

§11908. Authorization of appropriations

(a) In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter $310,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003.

(b) Set-aside for federally assisted low-income housing

Of any amounts made available in any fiscal year to carry out this subchapter not more than 6.25 percent shall be available for grants for federally assisted low-income housing.

(c) Set-aside for technical assistance and program oversight

Of any amounts appropriated in any fiscal year to carry out this subchapter, amounts shall be available to the extent provided in appropriations Acts to provide training, technical assistance, contract expertise, program oversight, program assessment, execution, and other assistance for or on behalf of public housing agencies, recipients of assistance under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 [25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.], resident organizations, and officials and employees of the Department (including training and the cost of necessary travel for participants in such training, by or to officials and employees of the Department and of public housing agencies, and to residents and to other eligible grantees). Assistance and other activities carried out using amounts made available under this subsection may be provided directly or indirectly by grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5129, as added Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §586(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2650.)

References in Text

The Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (c), is Pub. L. 104–330, Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4016, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 43 (§4101 et seq.) of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4101 of Title 25 and Tables.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 11908, Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5129, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4303; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §§520(k), 581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4205, 4248, related to auditing and monitoring of programs funded under this subchapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §§503, 586(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2521, 2649, effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement the repeal before such date, except to extent otherwise provided, and with savings provision.

Effective Date

Section effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement section before such date, except to extent otherwise provided, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title.

§11909. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–276, title V, §586(g), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2649

A prior section 11909, Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5130, as added Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §581(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4248; amended Pub. L. 102–550, title I, §§126(a), 161(a), (b), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3710, 3718, authorized appropriations to carry out this subchapter.

Effective Date of Repeal

Repeal effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement the repeal before such date, and with savings provision, see section 503 of Pub. L. 105–276, set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title.

SUBCHAPTER II—DRUG-FREE PUBLIC HOUSING

§11921. Statement of purpose

The purpose of this subchapter is to reaffirm the principle that decent affordable shelter is a basic necessity, and the general welfare of the Nation and the health and living standards of its people require better coordination and training in drug prevention programs among the public officials and agencies responsible for administering the public housing programs of the Nation.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5142, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4303.)

§11922. Clearinghouse on drug abuse in public housing

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall establish, in the Office of Public Housing in the Department of Housing and Urban Development, a clearinghouse to receive, collect, process, and assemble information regarding the abuse of controlled substances in public housing projects.

(b) Functions

The clearinghouse established under subsection (a) of this section shall—

(1) respond to inquiries by members of the public requesting assistance in investigating, studying, and working on the problem of the abuse of controlled substances; and

(2) receive, collect, process, assemble, and provide information on programs, authorities, institutions, and agencies, that may further assist members of the public requesting information from the clearinghouse.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5143, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4303.)

§11923. Regional training program on drug abuse in public housing

(a) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a regional training program for the training of public housing officials, to better prepare and educate the officials to confront the widespread abuse of controlled substances in the communities in which the officials work.

(b) Operation

The regional training program established under subsection (a) of this section shall be conducted within 12 months after November 18, 1988, by a national training unit established by the Secretary.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5144, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4303.)

§11924. Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter:

(1) Controlled substance

The term “controlled substance” has the meaning given such term in section 802 of title 21.

(2) Secretary

The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5145, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4304.)

§11925. Regulations

Not later than 6 months after November 18, 1988, the Secretary shall issue any regulations necessary to carry out this subchapter.

(Pub. L. 100–690, title V, §5146, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4304.)