42 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
CHAPTER 19 - SALINE AND SALT WATERS
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

CHAPTER 19—SALINE AND SALT WATERS

SUBCHAPTER I—SALINE WATER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

§§1951 to 1958. Repealed. Pub. L. 92–60, §11, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 163

Section 1951, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §1, 66 Stat. 328; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 628, stated Congressional policy on conversion of sea and saline waters and defined “saline water” and “United States”. See sections 1959 and 1959g(b) and (d) of this title.

Section 1952, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §2, 66 Stat. 328; June 29, 1955, ch. 227, §1(1), 69 Stat. 198; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 628; Aug. 11, 1965, Pub. L. 89–118, §1(1), 79 Stat. 509; June 24, 1967, Pub. L. 90–30, §1(b)–(d), 81 Stat. 78, prescribed duties of Secretary of the Interior relating to (a) research and studies for development of processes and methods for converting saline water; (b) research and technical development work for developing processes and plant designs; reports to Congress; and treatment of demonstration projects as test beds; (c) recommendations to Congress for prototype plant; (d) methods for recovery and marketing of byproducts; and (e) economic studies and surveys on water production costs. See sections 1959a and 1959b(b) of this title.

Section 1953, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §3, 66 Stat. 329; June 29, 1955, ch. 227, §1(2), 69 Stat. 198; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 628, provided for powers of Secretary of the Interior. See section 1959c of this title.

Section 1954, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §4, 66 Stat. 329; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 629, provided for coordination or joint conduct of activities with Department of Defense; cooperation with other Federal agencies; and availability to public of resulting information and developments. See section 1959d of this title.

Section 1955, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §5, 66 Stat. 329; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 629, related to disposal of water and byproducts, disposition of moneys and alteration of existing law. See section 1959d(e) and (f) of this title.

Section 1956, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §6, 66 Stat. 329; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 629, provided for reports to President and Congress. See section 1959f of this title.

Section 1957, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §7, 66 Stat. 329; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 629, authorized issuance of rules and regulations. See section 1959e of this title.

Section 1958, acts July 3, 1952, ch. 568, §8, 66 Stat. 329; June 29, 1955, ch. 227, §1(3), 69 Stat. 198; Sept. 22, 1961, Pub. L. 87–295, §1, 75 Stat. 629; Aug. 11, 1965, Pub. L. 89–118, §1(2), 79 Stat. 509; June 24, 1967, Pub. L. 90–30, §1(a), 81 Stat. 78; Apr. 29, 1968, Pub. L. 90–297, §1, 82 Stat. 110, authorized appropriations. See section 1959h of this title.

SUBCHAPTER II—SALINE WATER DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM

§§1958a to 1958g. Omitted

Codification

Section 1958a, Pub. L. 85–883, §1, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1706, which related to demonstration plants for production of consumptive water from saline water, was omitted pursuant to section 1958d of this title.

Section 1958b, Pub. L. 85–883, §2, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1707, which related to contracts for construction, operation, and maintenance of demonstration plants, was omitted pursuant to section 1958d of this title.

Section 1958c, Pub. L. 85–883, §3, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1707, which related to acceptance of assistance from State and public agencies, and contracts for such assistance and its use, was omitted pursuant to section 1958d of this title.

Section 1958d, Pub. L. 85–883, §4, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1707; Pub. L. 87–295, §2, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 630, provided for termination of authority of the Secretary to construct, operate, and maintain demonstration plants upon the expiration of twelve years after Sept. 2, 1958.

Section 1958e, Pub. L. 85–883, §5, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1708, which related to additional powers of the Secretary, was omitted pursuant to section 1958d of this title.

Section 1958f, Pub. L. 85–883, §6, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1708, which related to contracts for construction, materials, and supplies, was omitted pursuant to section 1958d of this title.

Section 1958g, Pub. L. 85–883, §7, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1708, which related to authorization of appropriations, was omitted pursuant to section 1958d of this title.

SUBCHAPTER III—SALINE WATER CONVERSION PROGRAM

§§1959 to 1959h. Repealed. Pub. L. 95–467, title IV, §410(a), Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1316

Section 1959, Pub. L. 92–60, §2, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 159, set out Congressional findings and policy in enacting conversion of saline water legislation. See section 7831 of this title.

Section 1959a, Pub. L. 92–60, §3, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 159, set out general duties of Secretary of the Interior in the area of conversion of saline water. See section 7832 of this title.

Section 1959b, Pub. L. 92–60, §4, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 160, set out additional duties of Secretary of the Interior in area of conversion of saline water, such as conducting preliminary investigations, exploring potential cooperative agreements, reporting to the President and Congress, utilizing Federal agencies’ expertise and accepting financial assistance from State and other public agencies. See section 7833 of this title.

Section 1959c, Pub. L. 92–60, §5, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 160, set out powers of Secretary of the Interior. See section 7871 of this title.

Section 1959d, Pub. L. 92–60, §6, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 161, provided for coordination of saline water conversion activities with Department of Defense, cooperation of Secretary of the Interior's activities with the Environmental Protection Agency and other Federal agencies, availability of research information and developments, continued validity of patent rights, publication of rules in the Federal Register, disposal of water and byproducts, dispositions of moneys and nonalteration of existing water ownership and control laws. See sections 7877(a) and 7879 of this title.

Section 1959e, Pub. L. 92–60, §7, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 162, authorized Secretary of the Interior to issue rules and regulations. See section 7834 of this title.

Section 1959f, Pub. L. 92–60, §8, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 162, required Secretary of the Interior to submit a report to the President and Congress. See section 7880 of this title.

Section 1959g, Pub. L. 92–60, §9, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 162, defined terms used in this chapter. See section 7835 of this title.

Section 1959h, Pub. L. 92–60, §10, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 162; Pub. L. 95–84, §1(a)(2), Aug. 2, 1977, 91 Stat. 400, authorized appropriations for saline water conversion programs. See sections 7873 and 7874 of this title.

Short Title

Pub. L. 92–60, §1, July 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 159, which provided that Pub. L. 92–60, which enacted sections 1959 to 1959h of this title and repealed sections 1951 to 1958 of this title may be cited as “The Saline Water Conversion Act of 1971” was repealed by Pub. L. 95–467, title IV, §410(a), Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1316.

Annual Authorization of Appropriations

Annual authorization for appropriations for the saline water conversion programs for fiscal years authorized by former section 1959h(b) of this title were contained in the following appropriations acts:

Pub. L. 95–84, §1(b), Aug. 2, 1977, 91 Stat. 400.

Pub. L. 94–316, §1, June 22, 1976, 90 Stat. 694.

Pub. L. 94–38, June 19, 1975, 89 Stat. 217.

Pub. L. 93–342, July 10, 1974, 88 Stat. 295.

Pub. L. 92–51, July 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 129.

Pub. L. 92–273, Apr. 17, 1972, 86 Stat. 122.

Inventions—Definition, Title, and Licensing

Pub. L. 94–316, §3, June 22, 1976, 90 Stat. 694, which provided that relative to the definition of, title to, and licensing of inventions made or conceived in the course of or under any contract or grant pursuant to the Water Resources Research Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 1961 et seq.) or the Saline Water Conversion Act of 1971 (42 U.S.C. 1959 et seq.), and that notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary was to be governed by the provisions of sections 9 and 10 of the Federal Non-nuclear Energy, Research, and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5908, 5909), provided, however, that subsecs. (l) and (n) of section 5908 of this title were not to apply to this act, was omitted in view of the repeal of the Water Resources Research Act of 1964 and the Saline Water Conversion Act of 1971 by Pub. L. 95–467, title IV, §410(a), Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1316.

§1959i. Transferred

Codification

Section, Pub. L. 95–84, §2, Aug. 2, 1977, 91 Stat. 400, which related to desalting plants, was transferred to section 7836 of this title.