50 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 50 - WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
TITLE 50 - APPENDIX-WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
REHABILITATION OF PHILIPPINES
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

REHABILITATION OF PHILIPPINES

ACT APR. 30, 1946, CH. 243, 60 STAT. 128

§§1751 to 1763. Omitted

Payment of Balance of Awards to Philippines

Pub. L. 87–616, Aug. 30, 1962, 76 Stat. 411, as amended by Pub. L. 88–94, §3, Aug. 12, 1963, 77 Stat. 122, provided:

“[Sec. 1. Conditions; limitations on amount]. That the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission (hereafter in this Act referred to as the “Commission”) shall provide, out of funds appropriated pursuant to this Act, for the payment of the unpaid balance of awards heretofore made by the Philippine War Damage Commission under title I of the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [sections 1751 to 1763 of this Appendix]. No payment shall be made under this Act to any person, or to his successors in interest, on account of any award unless payment was made on such award under the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [sections 1751 to 1806 of this Appendix], and the maximum amount paid under this Act, when added to amounts paid under the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [sections 1751 to 1806 of this Appendix] and section 7 of the War Claims Act of 1948 [section 2006 of this Appendix] on account of any claim shall not exceed the aggregate amount of claims approved in favor of such claimant after reduction under the last proviso of section 102(a) of the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [section 1752(a) of this Appendix], or $25,000, whichever is the lesser. All payments under this Act in amounts over 25,000 pesos or equivalent value in dollars shall be subject to the provisions of section 104(c) of the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [section 1754(c) of this Appendix].

Sec. 2. [Applications; commencement and duration of period; determination of Commission]. Within sixty days after the enactment of this Act [Aug. 30, 1962], or of legislation appropriating for administration expenses incurred in carrying out this Act, whichever is later, the Commission shall prescribe and publish in the Federal Register and give appropriate publicity in the Republic of the Philippines concerning the period, not in excess of twelve additional months, within which application must be filed under this Act. The Commission shall complete its determination and take final action with respect to applications filed under this Act not later than one year after the last date on which applications may be filed.

Sec. 3. [Publicity to payments provisions; notice to claimants]. The Commission shall give maximum publicity in the Republic of the Philippines to the provisions of this Act, and through utilization of the records of the former Philippine War Damage Commission shall attempt to notify individual claimants of their right to file applications for payment under this Act, by mailing notice thereof to the last known address of such claimants as shown by such records.

Sec. 4. [Notice of approval or denial of applications; hearings; finality of determinations]. The Commission shall notify all applicants of the approval or denial of their applications and, if approved, shall notify such applicants of the amount for which such applications are approved. Any applicant whose application is denied, or is approved for less than the amount of such application, shall be entitled, under such regulations as the Commission may prescribe, to a hearing before the Commission or its representative with respect to such application. Upon such hearing, the Commission may affirm, modify, or reverse its former action with respect to such application, including a denial or reduction in the amount of award theretofore approved. All findings of the Commission concerning the persons to whom compensation pursuant to this Act is payable, and the amounts thereof, shall be conclusive and not be reviewable by any court.

Sec. 5. [Payments; exchange rate; medium; extraterritorial claimants; purchasers of claims; Educational Programs Fund; reversion of funds to United States Treasury]. (a) Each award made under this Act shall be certified to the Secretary of the Treasury in terms of United States currency on the basis of the rate of exchange (that is, P/2 equals $1) which was applied in the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [sections 1751 to 1806 of this Appendix], for payment out of sums appropriated pursuant to section 8 of this Act. Such payments shall be made in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. Payments authorized under this Act shall be made in United States dollars or in Philippine pesos at the option of the Secretary of the Treasury; however, notwithstanding the last sentence of the first section of this Act, payment shall not be made outside of the Republic of the Philippines to any claimant residing outside the Republic of the Philippines unless he establishes to the satisfaction of the Commission that since the date of the loss or damage on account of which the original award was made he has heretofore invested in such manner as furthered the rehabilitation or economic development of the Philippines an amount not less than the claims approved in his favor after reduction under the last proviso of section 102(a) of the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [section 1752(a) of this Appendix]. Any balance of the appropriation made pursuant to section 8 remaining after the payments authorized by the first section of this Act have been made and after any administrative expenses incurred by the Commission in connection with such payments have been paid shall be paid into a special fund in the United States Treasury to be used for the purpose of furthering educational exchange and other educational programs to the mutual advantage of the Republic of the Philippines and the United States in such manner as the Presidents of those two Republics shall from time to time determine. There shall be withheld from the payment authorized by the preceding sentence a sum equal to the difference between $73,000,000 (less administrative expenses) and the total amount which would have been paid to the claimants under the provisions of Public Law 87–616, which sum shall revert to the general funds in the United States Treasury. The acceptance by any claimant of a payment under this Act shall be considered to be in full satisfaction and final settlement of all claims of such claimant arising out of awards for war damage compensation made by the Philippine War Damage Commission. Payment shall not be made under this Act on any claim filed under the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of 1946 [sections 1751 to 1806 of this Appendix] or under this Act which was acquired from a predecessor in interest by purchase, except where such purchase was in the ordinary course of business in connection with the acquisition of all assets of a business firm.

“(b) Such of the records of the Philippine War Damage Commission as the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission may deem necessary for carrying out its functions under this Act shall be transferred to the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.

Sec. 6. [Remuneration for services to applicants; prohibition against certain payments; penalties; forfeitures; recovery of payments]. (a) The total remuneration on account of services rendered or to be rendered to or on behalf of any applicant in connection with any application filed under this Act shall not exceed 5 per centum of the amount paid by the Commission on account of such application. Any agreement to the contrary shall be unlawful and void. Whoever, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, violates this subsection shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both. Where any payment is made in violation of this subsection, the Commission shall take such action as may be appropriate to recover the same.

“(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), no sum shall be paid by any claimant directly or indirectly to, or received or accepted by, any former commissioner or employee of the Philippine War Damage Commission or their assigns, or any person employed by or associated with any such former commissioner or employee in connection with the preparation, filing, allowance, or collection of any claim under this Act, as compensation on account of services rendered or as reimbursement on account of expenses incurred in connection with any application filed under this Act. Whoever, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, makes a payment in violation of the provisions of this subsection shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year or both. Whoever, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, receives or accepts a payment in violation of this subsection, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than five years or both. Whoever, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, receives or accepts a payment in violation of this subsection, shall forfeit to the Government of the United States a sum equal to three times the amount of such payment, and the Commission shall take action to recover such sum from the person receiving the payment.

Sec. 7. [Application of International Claims Settlement Act of 1949]. For the purposes of carrying out this Act, the following provisions of the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949 [section 1621 et seq. of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse] shall, to the extent not inconsistent with this Act, be applicable in the administration of this Act: Subsections (c), (d), (e), and (i) of section 4 [section 1623 of Title 22]; subsections (d) and (e) of section 7 [section 1626 of Title 22]; and subsection (c) of section 7 [section 1626 of Title 22] except that with respect to applicants not subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, references in such subsection (c) to the Comptroller General of the United States shall be deemed to refer to the Secretary of the Treasury.

Sec. 8. [Appropriations for payment of awards and administrative expenses]. There is authorized to be appropriated not more than $73,000,000 to make payments on awards certified pursuant to this Act, plus such additional sums as may be necessary for the administrative expenses of the Commission and of the Secretary of the Treasury in carrying out this Act.”

Codification

Sections 1751 to 1763 terminated Apr. 30, 1951, pursuant to section 1751 of this Appendix.

Section 1751, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §101, 60 Stat. 128; Jan. 26, 1948, ch. 16, §§1, 2, 62 Stat. 4; Oct. 15, 1949, ch. 695, §6(a), 63 Stat. 881, established the Philippine War Damage Commission and provided for the winding up of its affairs not later than two years after expiration of time for filing claims under sections 1751 to 1763 of this Appendix if possible but in no event later than Apr. 30, 1951. Acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §101, 60 Stat. 128; Oct. 15, 1949, ch. 695, §6(a), 63 Stat. 881, were repealed by Pub. L. 89–554, §8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 653, 655.

Section 1752, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §102, 60 Stat. 129, related to payment for destruction and damage to property, perils and persons covered, claim limitations and definitions.

Section 1753, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §103, 60 Stat. 130, excluded from payment certain enumerated claims.

Section 1754, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §104, 60 Stat. 130; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 741, §1, 60 Stat. 805, related to claim payments.

Section 1755, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §105, 60 Stat. 131; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 741, §2, 60 Stat. 805, required Philippine War Damage Commission to make reports to Congress at intervals of six months.

Section 1756, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §106, 60 Stat. 131; Jan. 26, 1948, ch. 16, §3, 62 Stat. 5, authorized to be appropriated the amount of $400,000,000 for compensation payments under sections 1751 to 1763 of this Appendix, including the sum of $12,000,000 for expenses of Philippine War Damage Commission, all appropriations under the sections remaining available until Apr. 30, 1951, and provided for disposition of Japanese reparations, including individual reparations.

Section 1757, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §107, 60 Stat. 132, provided penalties for false and fraudulent claims.

Section 1758, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §108, 60 Stat. 132, set limitation on fees for claim services and provided penalties for violations thereof.

Section 1759, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §109, 60 Stat. 132, related to the authority of the Philippine War Damage Commission and the prohibition on War Damage Corporation payments.

Section 1760, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §110, 60 Stat. 133, excluded from coverage certain enumerated classes of property.

Section 1761, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §111, 60 Stat. 133, related to transfer of surplus property, valuation of property and payment.

Section 1762, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §112, 60 Stat. 133, provided for cooperation between the Philippine War Damage Commission and the War Damage Corporation.

Section 1763, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title I, §113, 60 Stat. 134, provided for notification of disposal and amount of claim, hearings and conclusiveness of findings.

§§1771 to 1776. Omitted

Codification

Section 1771, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title II, §201, 60 Stat. 134; Aug. 2, 1946, ch. 741, §3, 60 Stat. 805, related to transfer and disposal of surplus property, by Department of State acting through a Foreign Liquidation Commissioner, and terms and conditions thereof.

Section 1772, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title II, §202, 60 Stat. 134, required recordation of number, condition and value of transferred items and quarterly reports thereof to the President and Congress.

Section 1773, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title II, §203, 60 Stat. 134, related to law governing disposal.

Section 1774, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title II, §204, 60 Stat. 134, prohibited transfer of military equipment and toxic gas.

Section 1775, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title II, §205, 60 Stat. 134, limited gross amount transferable to Commonwealth of Philippines, provincial governments, and chartered cities or municipalities to $100,000,000.

Section 1776, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title II, §206, 60 Stat. 135, authorized Foreign Liquidation Commissioner to prescribe rules and regulations necessary for performance of his functions under sections 1771 to 1776 of this Appendix and to delegate any authority conferred upon him by the sections.

§§1781 to 1791. Omitted

Codification

Section 1781, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §301, 60 Stat. 135, authorized to be appropriated the sum of $120,000,000 for allocation, but not later than the fiscal year 1950, among the programs set forth in sections 1782 to 1785 of this Appendix and such additional sums as might be necessary for the purposes of sections 1786 to 1791 of this Appendix. Appropriations remained available for the purposes of sections 1782(a) and 1783(a) of this Appendix until June 30, 1951 under the provisions of section 1791(e) of this Appendix.

Section 1782, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §302, 60 Stat. 135; July 2, 1948, ch. 810, §1, 62 Stat. 1224, related to restoration and construction of roads and bridges and training of Filipino engineers. Section 1782(a) authority continued in effect until June 30, 1951, under the provisions of section 1791(e) of this Appendix.

Section 1783, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §303, 60 Stat. 135, related to rehabilitation and construction of port and harbor facilities and training of Filipino engineers. Section 1783(a) authority continued in effect until June 30, 1951, under the provisions of section 1791(e) of this Appendix.

Section 1784, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §304, 60 Stat. 136, related to compensation for damage and destruction of public property, repairs and replacement and powers of the Philippine War Damage Commission.

Section 1785, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §305, 60 Stat. 136; July 2, 1948, ch. 810, §2, 62 Stat. 1224, related to rehabilitation and improvement of public health services, training of Filipinos and replacement of equipment.

Section 1786, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §306, 60 Stat. 137, related to restoration and improvement of inter-island commerce and training of Filipino merchant marine personnel.

Section 1787, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §307, 60 Stat. 137, related to establishment and operation of inter-island air facilities and training of Filipino personnel.

Section 1788, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §308, 60 Stat. 138, related to establishment of metrological facilities and training of Filipino personnel.

Section 1789, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §309, 60 Stat. 138, related to rehabilitation and development of fisheries, training of Filipino personnel, operation of research and experimental stations and vessels and transfer of vessels.

Section 1790, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §310, 60 Stat. 139, provided for continuation of Coast and Geodetic surveys and training of Filipino personnel.

Section 1791, acts Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title III, §311, 60 Stat. 139; July 2, 1948, ch. 810, §3, 62 Stat. 1225; Sept. 7, 1949, ch. 545, 63 Stat. 692, related to acquisition of lands and easements, cooperation between Governments, rules and regulations governing training courses, admission to United States, and conditions for carrying out training and termination date. Section 1791(e) provided for the expiration of sections 1781, 1782(b), 1783(b), 1784 to 1791 on June 30, 1950 with the following exceptions. Appropriations under section 1781 for the purposes of sections 1782(a) and 1783(a) of this Appendix and the authority contained in sections 1782(a) and 1783(a) continued available and in effect, respectively, until June 30, 1951. Section 1791(d) last proviso, relating to the deportation of Filipinos designated for training or instruction in the United States for failure to depart within reasonable time fixed by regulation.

Extension of Charters; Termination Date

Joint Res. July 1, 1954, ch. 454, 68 Stat. 396, provided that: “Notwithstanding any other provisions of existing law, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized to extend and continue the present charters of vessels to citizens of the Republic of the Philippines, which charters were made and entered into under the terms of section 306(a) of the Act of April 30, 1946 (Public Law 370, Seventy-ninth Congress) [section 1786(a) of this Appendix], and which charters were extended by the Secretary of Commerce under the terms of a joint resolution, approved June 30, 1953 (ch. 163, 67 Stat. 110). Such charters may be further extended for such periods of time and under such terms and conditions as the Secretary may, from time to time, determine to be required in the interest of the economy of the Philippines, but any such charter shall contain a provision requiring that the vessel shall be operated only in the inter-island commerce in the Philippines. No such vessel shall be continued under charter, as authorized herein, beyond the completion of the first voyage terminating after June 30, 1955.”

Similar provisions were contained in the following acts:

Joint Res. June 30, 1953, ch. 163, 67 Stat. 110.

Joint Res. Apr. 30, 1952, ch. 242, 66 Stat. 65.

Limitation on Expenditures

Act July 23, 1946, ch. 591, title I, §101, 60 Stat. 622, provided in part that the total expenditure under subsec. (a) of section 1787 of this Appendix should not exceed $8,000,000.

§§1796, 1797. Omitted

Codification

Section 1796, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title IV, §401, 60 Stat. 140, providing for the supervision of functions, powers and duties of Federal agencies and employees in carrying out the provisions of act Apr. 30, 1946, as amended, by the United States High Commissioner to the Philippines, until the Philippines attained their independence, was omitted, independence having been granted to the Philippine Islands by 1946 Proc. No. 2695, eff. July 4, 1946, 11 F.R. 7517, 60 Stat. 1352, which was issued under the authority of section 1394 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, and is set out as a note under section 1394 of Title 22.

Section 1797, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title IV, §402, 60 Stat. 140, provided for the transfer of functions under act Apr. 30, 1946, as amended, from the High Commissioner to the Philippines to such United States representative or representatives as the President might appoint on and after the date the Philippines attained their independence.

§1801. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title V, §501, 60 Stat. 140, authorized $5,000,000 to be appropriated for the restoration, repair of damage to and improvement of lands and buildings referred to in section 1394(c)(3) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, and for the acquisition or construction of additional buildings to house the civil agencies, including the diplomatic and consular establishments of the United States operating in the Philippine Islands.

§1806. Omitted

Codification

Section, act Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 243, title VI, §601, 60 Stat. 140, required an executive agreement to be entered into between the Presidents of the United States and the Philippines as a condition precedent for certain private-aid payments under sections 1751 to 1763 of this Appendix which have been omitted from the Code.