U.S. Government Printing Office
Contract Appeals Board

Appeal of Central Data Processing, Inc.
January 7, 1975

Jay E. Eisen, Member
Panel 74-14

Re: Contract No. 1749, Conversion Services by Optical Character
Recognition

The appellant, Central Data Processing Incorporated, hereinafter
also designated as CDP, took a timely appeal under the disputes
clause of the contract, appealing the contracting officer's
decision, dated September 6, 1974, denying its request of April
10, 1974, for contract modification and claim for additional
payment.  CDP notified the Public Printer by letter, dated
October 1, 1974, of its appeal of the decision of the contracting
officer.  CDP requested an extension of time for the submission
of documentary material up to and including December 17, 1974.
No written supporting evidence has been received by this office
as of December 30, 1974.  Consequently, an opinion and
conclusions have been formulated on the basis of the material
available in the file.

The contract, beginning September 20, 1973, and covering the
period through March 15, 1974, provided that the contractor will
furnish the following service:

"Section B - Description/Specification

1. General.  The Contractor shall convert mailing list
information by Optical Character Recognition (OCR) to computer
compatible magnetic tape in 800 BPI 9 - track EBCDI Code 80 -
column card image unblocked.  The tape shall be provided to the
contractor by the Government.  The Contractor shall:

a.  Pick up typed sheets (source documents) from Government
Printing Office.  The quantity to be processed will approximate
1600 pages per week.

b.  Scan the sheets which have been typed on an IBM Selectric
Typewriter with an OCR-4 type element.

c.  Correct rejected sheets while maintaining batch integrity.

d.  Produce a 9-track 800 BPI-IBM System 360 compatible magnetic
type, containing the converted data.

e.  Deliver processed source documents and magnetic tape output
to the Government Printing Office."

The following further appears in "Section C - Requirements" of
the contract:

"1. This is a requirements contract  for the services specified
in the Schedule, and for the period set forth therein.
Performance of services shall be made only as authorized by
orders issued in accordance with the clause entitled 'ordering.'
The quantities or services specified herein are estimates only,
and are not purchased hereby.  Except as may be otherwise
provided herein, in the event the Government's requirements of
services set forth in the Schedule do not result in orders in the
amounts or quantities described as 'estimated' or "maximum' in
the Schedule, such event shall not constitute the basis for an
equitable price adjustment under this contract."  (Emphasis
added.)

Similarly, Solicitation No. 10414, Page 5, incorporated into the
contract provides in pertinent part the following provision:

"4. FIXED PRICE REQUIREMENTS TYPE CONTRACT

This solicitation will result in a requirements type contract.
The quantities specified are estimated amounts only.  The
Government's obligation under this contract is limited to the
requirements  that it will purchase all of the services of the
type set forth in the schedule of the contract awarded which it
requires during the contract period."  (Emphasis added.)

The GPO Purchase Order No. 1749 reads "Data Conversion of Mailing
Lists by Optical Character Recognition (OCR),  $4,761.00
beginning September 20, 1973, through March 15, 1974.  In
accordance with your offer dated September 17, 1973."  The offer
(Schedule A - Services of Solicitation) lists four types of
services with the price stated in the amount of $.70 per 100
input records for the separate services.

In its complaint of April 10, 1974, CDP, asserts in pertinent
part that:

1. GPO has never met the volume levels estimated on either a
weekly basis or in overall total.

2. The contract award was for $4,761.00.  At the time the
contract period expired, CDP's billing was approximately $1,300
or 27% of the award.

. . .

4. The program which CDP wrote and tested has never been
utilized.  CDP's program is approximately 75% faster than GPO's;
therefore, CDP is using 75% more machine time than projected.

5. The program cost of $1,740 counting salaries and machine test
time was meant to be absorbed over approximately $7,500 worth of
scanning . . ."

Appellant, therefore, requests and claims the following:

"1. A $40.00 minimum charge per pickup be applied to present and
completed work.

2. An additional charge of $3/M records be applied to all work
scanned under GPO's old program in order to compensate for the
75% additional machine time.

3. (a)  Either an additional payment of $1,740.00 be awarded.
This represents 73% of the $1,740.00 programming expense which is
unabsorbed (100 - 27% = 73%).
    (b)  Or an add-on award plus additional awards be made until
    a total of approximately $1,070,000 lines are scanned . . .
    ."

Opinion

The issue is whether under this contract, the Government Printing
Office obligated itself to call upon the contractor for the
estimated quantity of 1600 pages per week or whether GPO's
obligation was to call for performance of its actual requirements
generated in good faith during the contract period.

The appellant's assertions for its claim assumes that the
contract is not a requirements contract.  A requirement contract
is simply one in which the first party promises to supply all the
specific goods or services which the second party may need during
a certain period at an agreed price.  The second party implicitly
promises that he will obtain his required goods or services from
the first party exclusively (Metro Industrial Painting
Corporation, ASBCA No. 6328, 1962 BCA  3343.

The contract is clearly a requirements contract under the
definition quoted above, Section C, paragraph 1:

". . . the quantities or services specified herein are estimates
only, and are not purchases hereby . . ."

Section C, paragraph 2, of the contract provides:

"2. Except as otherwise provided in the contract, the Government
shall order from the Contractor all the services set forth in the
Schedule which are required to be purchased by the Government
Printing Office."

The tenor of the solicitation, specification, and aforesaid
clauses, all provide in effect that the GPO's requirements for
services from the contractor will be whatever is required and
ordered in good faith.  There is no provision in the contract
which obligates GPO to place any orders with CDP, except that
which is required (42 Comp. Gen. 272).

There is nothing in the appeal letter, correspondence, or the
contract that points to a lack of good faith on the part of the
GPO in ordering only its actual requirements from CDP during the
contract period.

Since the contract is one for services in which the GPO called
for, received, and paid for all of its apparent requirements,
CDP's claims lack merit.  Further, Section C, paragraph 1 of the
contract does not provide grounds for equitable adjustment, and
thus, the failure of the Government Printing Office to order the
quantity of service as estimated does not constitute a ground for
equitable adjustment under this contract.

This appeal is denied.