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Public and Private Laws


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Public and Private Laws
Legal Status and Use of Seals and Logos

The seal of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) authenticates the published editions of the public and private Acts of Congress issued under the authority of the Archivist of the United States. The public and private Acts of Congress are published in slip or pamphlet form and in the United States Statutes at Large. NARA's published editions are competent evidence of the public and private Acts of Congress in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the United States, and of the several States, without any further proof or authentication. See 1 U.S.C. 106a, 112, and 113. It is prohibited to use NARA's official seal and stylized logos on any republication of this material without the express, written permission of the Archivist of the United States or the Archivist's designee. Any person who uses NARA's official seals and logos in a manner inconsistent with the provisions of 36 CFR part 1200 is subject to the penalties specified in 18 U.S.C. 506, 701, and 1017.

Public and private laws are also known as slip laws. A slip law is an official publication of the law and is competent evidence admissible in all state and Federal courts and tribunals of the United States. Public laws affect society as a whole, while private laws affect an individual, family, or small group.

After the President signs a bill into law, it is delivered to the Office of the Federal Register (OFR), National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) where it is assigned a law number, legal statutory citation (public laws only), and prepared for publication as a slip law. Private laws receive their legal statutory citations when they are published in the United States Statutes at Large.
 
Prior to publication as a slip law, OFR also prepares marginal notes and citations for each law, and a legislative history for public laws only. Until the slip law is published, through the U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO), the text of the law can be found by accessing the enrolled version of the bill. About Public and Private Laws.
 
Public Law 114-100 - Joint resolution making further continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2016, and for other...
 
Public Law 114-101 - Billy Frank Jr. Tell Your Story Act
 
Public Law 114-102 - Hizballah International Financing Prevention Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-103 - An act to designate the arboretum at the Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center in Richmond...
 
Public Law 114-104 - Stem Cell Therapeutic and Research Reauthorization Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-105 - Federal Perkins Loan Program Extension Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-106 - Securing Fairness in Regulatory Timing Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-107 - National Guard and Reservist Debt Relief Extension Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-108 - Joint resolution appointing the day for the convening of the second session of the One Hundred...
 
Public Law 114-109 - Federal Improper Payments Coordination Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-110 - Surface Transportation Board Reauthorization Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-111 - Emergency Information Improvement Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-112 - An act to provide for the extension of the enforcement instruction on supervision requirements...
 
Public Law 114-113 - Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016
 
Public Law 114-114 - Microbead-Free Waters Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-115 - Patient Access and Medicare Protection Act
 
Public Law 114-116 - Child Nicotine Poisoning Prevention Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-117 - Grants Oversight and New Efficiency Act'' or the ``GONE Act
 
Public Law 114-118 - District of Columbia Courts, Public Defender Service, and Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-119 - International Megan's Law to Prevent Child Exploitation and Other Sexual Crimes Through Advanced Notification of Traveling Sex Offenders
 
Public Law 114-120 - Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-121 - Electrify Africa Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-122 - North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-123 - United States-Jordan Defense Cooperation Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-124 - Research Excellence and Advancements for Dyslexia Act'' or the ``READ Act
 
Public Law 114-125 - Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-126 - Judicial Redress Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-127 - An act to allow the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma to lease or transfer certain lands.
 
Public Law 114-128 - An act to revise the boundaries of certain John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System units...
 
Public Law 114-129 - An act to provide for the conveyance of land of the Illiana Health Care System of the Department...
 
Public Law 114-130 - An act to direct the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to convey to the Florida Department of...
 
Public Law 114-131 - An act to extend the deadline for the submittal of the final report required by the Commission on...
 
Public Law 114-132 - Directing Dollars to Disaster Relief Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-133 - Eric Williams Correctional Officer Protection Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-134 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 2082 Stringtown...
 
Public Law 114-135 - An act to amend title 36, United States Code, to make certain improvements in the congressional...
 
Public Law 114-136 - Edward `Ted' Kaufman and Michael Leavitt Presidential Transitions Improvements Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-137 - Competitive Service Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-138 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 99 West 2nd...
 
Public Law 114-139 - An act to direct the Secretary of State to develop a strategy to obtain observer status for...
 
Public Law 114-140 - Evidence-Based Policymaking Commission Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-141 - Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-142 - Foreclosure Relief and Extension for Servicemembers Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-143 - Integrated Public Alert and Warning System Modernization Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-144 - Older Americans Act Reauthorization Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-145 - Ensuring Patient Access and Effective Drug Enforcement Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-146 - Adding Zika Virus to the FDA Priority Review Voucher Program Act
 
Public Law 114-147 - National POW/MIA Remembrance Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-148 - Breast Cancer Awareness Commemorative Coin Act
 
Public Law 114-149 - An act to rename the Armed Forces Reserve Center in Great Falls, Montana, the Captain John E...
 
Public Law 114-150 - Department of Homeland Security Headquarters Consolidation Accountability Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-151 - Protect and Preserve International Cultural Property Act
 
Public Law 114-152 - National Bison Legacy Act
 
Public Law 114-153 - Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-154 - Transnational Drug Trafficking Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-155 - Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Program Reauthorization Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-156 - Fallen Heroes Flag Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-157 - An act to amend the Department of Energy Organization Act and the Local Public Works Capital...
 
Public Law 114-158 - An act to amend title 38, United States Code, to provide for the inurnment in Arlington National...
 
Public Law 114-159 - American Manufacturing Competitiveness Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-160 - An act to designate the Federal building located at 99 New York Avenue, N.E., in the District of...
 
Public Law 114-161 - An act to direct the Administrator of General Services, on behalf of the Archivist of the United...
 
Public Law 114-162 - An act to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize the National Estuary...
 
Public Law 114-163 - An act to provide for the authority for the successors and assigns of the Starr-Camargo Bridge...
 
Public Law 114-164 - An act to name the Department of Veterans Affairs community-based outpatient clinic in...
 
Public Law 114-165 - Native American Children's Safety Act
 
Public Law 114-166 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1103 USPS...
 
Public Law 114-167 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 523 East Railroad...
 
Public Law 114-168 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1048 West...
 
Public Law 114-169 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 5351 Lapalco...
 
Public Law 114-170 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 201 B Street in...
 
Public Law 114-171 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 5919 Chef Menteur...
 
Public Law 114-172 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 4567 Rockbridge...
 
Public Law 114-173 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 7715 Post Road...
 
Public Law 114-174 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 200 Town Run Lane...
 
Public Law 114-175 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 1265 Hurffville...
 
Public Law 114-176 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 220 East Oak...
 
Public Law 114-177 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 615 6th Avenue SE...
 
Public Law 114-178 - Indian Trust Asset Reform Act
 
Public Law 114-179 - An act to name the Department of Veterans Affairs community-based outpatient clinic in The Dalles...
 
Public Law 114-180 - Federal Law Enforcement Self-Defense and Protection Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-181 - An act to take certain Federal lands located in Lassen County, California, into trust for the...
 
Public Law 114-182 - Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act
 
Public Law 114-183 - Protecting our Infrastructure of Pipelines and Enhancing Safety Act of 2016'' or the ``PIPES Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-184 - Recovering Missing Children Act
 
Public Law 114-185 - FOIA Improvement Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-186 - Fraud Reduction and Data Analytics Act of 2015
 
Public Law 114-187 - Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act'' or ``PROMESA
 
Public Law 114-188 - Female Veteran Suicide Prevention Act
 
Public Law 114-189 - An act to provide funds to the Army Corps of Engineers to hire veterans and members of the Armed...
 
Public Law 114-190 - FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-191 - Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-192 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 15 Rochester...
 
Public Law 114-193 - An act to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 525 N Broadway in...
 
Public Law 114-194 - Venezuela Defense of Human Rights and Civil Society Extension Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-195 - Global Food Security Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-196 - United States Semiquincentennial Commission Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-197 - Veterans' Compensation COLA Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-198 - Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016
 
Public Law 114-199 - Protecting Our Lives by Initiating COPS Expansion Act of 2016'' or the ``POLICE Act of 2016