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H. Con. Res. 295  (eh) - Whereas Atlantic bluefin tuna are a valuable commercial and recreational fishery of the United States; Whereas many other countries also harvest Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea; Whereas the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (hereinafter referred to as the Commission), was established in 1969 to develop conservation and management recommendations for Atlantic bluefin tuna and other highly migratory species in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea; Whereas the Commission adopted conservation and management recommendations in 1974 to ensure the recovery and sustainability of Atlantic bluefin tuna throughout the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea; Whereas, in 1981, the Commission adopted a management strategy for Atlantic bluefin tuna predicated on a hypothesis that two stocks of the fish existed; a western stock found in the Atlantic west of 45 degrees west longitude (hereafter referred to as the 45 degree line), and an eastern stock found in the Atlantic Ocean east of the 45 degree line and in the Mediterranean Sea; Whereas, since 1981, the Commission has adopted additional, more restrictive conservation and management recommendations for Atlantic bluefin tuna for countries that harvest bluefin tuna west of the 45 degree line, including a 25 percent quota reduction since 1991 with an additional 40 percent quota reduction scheduled for 1995; Whereas the United States and other Commission members that harvest bluefin tuna west of the 45 degree line have implemented all conservation and management recommendations adopted by the Commission for Atlantic bluefin tuna west of the 45 degree line; Whereas many other Commission members do not comply with the conservation and management recommendations adopted by the Commission for Atlantic bluefin tuna east of the 45 degree line; Whereas a recent National Academy of Sciences (NAS) review of the scientific data used by the Commission concluded that the available data is consistent with a one stock management strategy for bluefin tuna in the North Atlantic; Whereas the NAS review also found that abundance of Atlantic bluefin tuna in the western Atlantic has remained stable since 1988, in contrast to the roughly 50 percent decline in abundance reported by the Commission; Whereas the continued unrestricted harvesting of Atlantic bluefin tuna east of the 45 degree line and in the Mediterranean Sea will undermine the Commission's recommendations being implemented west of the line to rebuild Atlantic bluefin tuna; and Whereas, in order to successfully rebuild the Atlantic bluefin tuna stock, conservation and management recommendations must be adopted and implemented throughout the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea: Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That it is the sense of the Congress that-- (1) the United States and the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (hereinafter referred to as the Commission) should continue to promote the conservation and management of Atlantic bluefin tuna throughout the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea and develop a program to rebuild Atlantic bluefin tuna that requires the participation of all nations that harvest this species; (2) the United States should ensure that the scientific findings and recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences Atlantic bluefin tuna review panel are made available to and included in the considerations of the Commission's scientific advisory panel; (3) the United States should oppose any further quota reductions for nations harvesting Atlantic bluefin tuna west of the 45 degree line and insist that all nations harvesting Atlantic bluefin tuna west and east of the 45 degree line implement comparable conservation and rebuilding programs for the Atlantic bluefin tuna resource; (4) the continued harvesting by fishermen from any country which is a member of the Commission and which does not comply with the conservation and management recommendations of the Commission will be considered by the Congress to diminish the effectiveness of an international fishery conservation program and, as such, will be considered by the Congress to be subject to the embargo provision in Section 6 of the Atlantic Tunas Convention Act; (5) the United States should encourage other nations with significant markets for Atlantic bluefin tuna to prohibit the importation of that species from harvesting nations which do not comply with the conservation and management recommendations adopted by the Commission; and (6) the United States should encourage the Commission to adopt recommendations authorizing the use of discretionary trade actions as enforcement measures when the actions of a nation are undermining the effectiveness of conservation and management recommendations of the Commission.


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