[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 22 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.22

                     One Hundred Fourteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
           the sixth day of January, two thousand and fifteen


                                 An Act


 
 To authorize funds for Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, 
              and transit programs, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Fixing America's 
Surface Transportation Act'' or the ``FAST Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

                   DIVISION A--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 1001. Definitions.
Sec. 1002. Reconciliation of funds.
Sec. 1003. Effective date.
Sec. 1004. References.

                      TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                 Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

Sec. 1101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1102. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 1103. Definitions.
Sec. 1104. Apportionment.
Sec. 1105. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.
Sec. 1106. National highway performance program.
Sec. 1107. Emergency relief for federally owned roads.
Sec. 1108. Railway-highway grade crossings.
Sec. 1109. Surface transportation block grant program.
Sec. 1110. Highway use tax evasion projects.
Sec. 1111. Bundling of bridge projects.
Sec. 1112. Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities.
Sec. 1113. Highway safety improvement program.
Sec. 1114. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.
Sec. 1115. Territorial and Puerto Rico highway program.
Sec. 1116. National highway freight program.
Sec. 1117. Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.
Sec. 1118. Tribal transportation program amendment.
Sec. 1119. Federal lands transportation program.
Sec. 1120. Federal lands programmatic activities.
Sec. 1121. Tribal transportation self-governance program.
Sec. 1122. State flexibility for National Highway System modifications.
Sec. 1123. Nationally significant Federal lands and tribal projects 
          program.

             Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

Sec. 1201. Metropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 1202. Statewide and nonmetropolitan transportation planning.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

Sec. 1301. Satisfaction of requirements for certain historic sites.
Sec. 1302. Clarification of transportation environmental authorities.
Sec. 1303. Treatment of certain bridges under preservation requirements.
Sec. 1304. Efficient environmental reviews for project decisionmaking.
Sec. 1305. Integration of planning and environmental review.
Sec. 1306. Development of programmatic mitigation plans.
Sec. 1307. Technical assistance for States.
Sec. 1308. Surface transportation project delivery program.
Sec. 1309. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental reviews.
Sec. 1310. Application of categorical exclusions for multimodal 
          projects.
Sec. 1311. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.
Sec. 1312. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in 
          environmental reviews.
Sec. 1313. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.
Sec. 1314. Categorical exclusion for projects of limited Federal 
          assistance.
Sec. 1315. Programmatic agreement template.
Sec. 1316. Assumption of authorities.
Sec. 1317. Modernization of the environmental review process.
Sec. 1318. Assessment of progress on accelerating project delivery.

                        Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1401. Prohibition on the use of funds for automated traffic 
          enforcement.
Sec. 1402. Highway Trust Fund transparency and accountability.
Sec. 1403. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund.
Sec. 1404. Design standards.
Sec. 1405. Justification reports for access points on the Interstate 
          System.
Sec. 1406. Performance period adjustment.
Sec. 1407. Vehicle-to-infrastructure equipment.
Sec. 1408. Federal share payable.
Sec. 1409. Milk products.
Sec. 1410. Interstate weight limits.
Sec. 1411. Tolling; HOV facilities; Interstate reconstruction and 
          rehabilitation.
Sec. 1412. Projects for public safety relating to idling trains.
Sec. 1413. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and 
          natural gas fueling corridors.
Sec. 1414. Repeat offender criteria.
Sec. 1415. Administrative provisions to encourage pollinator habitat and 
          forage on transportation rights-of-way.
Sec. 1416. High priority corridors on National Highway System.
Sec. 1417. Work zone and guard rail safety training.
Sec. 1418. Consolidation of programs.
Sec. 1419. Elimination or modification of certain reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 1420. Flexibility for projects.
Sec. 1421. Productive and timely expenditure of funds.
Sec. 1422. Study on performance of bridges.
Sec. 1423. Relinquishment of park-and-ride lot facilities.
Sec. 1424. Pilot program.
Sec. 1425. Service club, charitable association, or religious service 
          signs.
Sec. 1426. Motorcyclist advisory council.
Sec. 1427. Highway work zones.
Sec. 1428. Use of durable, resilient, and sustainable materials and 
          practices.
Sec. 1429. Identification of roadside highway safety hardware devices.
Sec. 1430. Use of modeling and simulation technology.
Sec. 1431. National Advisory Committee on Travel and Tourism 
          Infrastructure.
Sec. 1432. Emergency exemptions.
Sec. 1433. Report on Highway Trust Fund administrative expenditures.
Sec. 1434. Availability of reports.
Sec. 1435. Appalachian development highway system.
Sec. 1436. Appalachian regional development program.
Sec. 1437. Border State infrastructure.
Sec. 1438. Adjustments.
Sec. 1439. Elimination of barriers to improve at-risk bridges.
Sec. 1440. At-risk project preagreement authority.
Sec. 1441. Regional infrastructure accelerator demonstration program.
Sec. 1442. Safety for users.
Sec. 1443. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1444. Every Day Counts initiative.
Sec. 1445. Water infrastructure finance and innovation.
Sec. 1446. Technical corrections.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

Sec. 2001. Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 
          1998 amendments.
Sec. 2002. Availability payment concession model.

                    TITLE III--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 3001. Short title.
Sec. 3002. Definitions.
Sec. 3003. Metropolitan and statewide transportation planning.
Sec. 3004. Urbanized area formula grants.
Sec. 3005. Fixed guideway capital investment grants.
Sec. 3006. Enhanced mobility of seniors and individuals with 
          disabilities.
Sec. 3007. Formula grants for rural areas.
Sec. 3008. Public transportation innovation.
Sec. 3009. Technical assistance and workforce development.
Sec. 3010. Private sector participation.
Sec. 3011. General provisions.
Sec. 3012. Project management oversight.
Sec. 3013. Public transportation safety program.
Sec. 3014. Apportionments.
Sec. 3015. State of good repair grants.
Sec. 3016. Authorizations.
Sec. 3017. Grants for buses and bus facilities.
Sec. 3018. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 3019. Innovative procurement.
Sec. 3020. Review of public transportation safety standards.
Sec. 3021. Study on evidentiary protection for public transportation 
          safety program information.
Sec. 3022. Improved public transportation safety measures.
Sec. 3023. Paratransit system under FTA approved coordinated plan.
Sec. 3024. Report on potential of Internet of Things.
Sec. 3025. Report on parking safety.
Sec. 3026. Appointment of directors of Washington Metropolitan Area 
          Transit Authority.
Sec. 3027. Effectiveness of public transportation changes and funding.
Sec. 3028. Authorization of grants for positive train control.
Sec. 3029. Amendment to title 5.
Sec. 3030. Technical and conforming changes.

                    TITLE IV--HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY

Sec. 4001. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4002. Highway safety programs.
Sec. 4003. Highway safety research and development.
Sec. 4004. High-visibility enforcement program.
Sec. 4005. National priority safety programs.
Sec. 4006. Tracking process.
Sec. 4007. Stop motorcycle checkpoint funding.
Sec. 4008. Marijuana-impaired driving.
Sec. 4009. Increasing public awareness of the dangers of drug-impaired 
          driving.
Sec. 4010. National priority safety program grant eligibility.
Sec. 4011. Data collection.
Sec. 4012. Study on the national roadside survey of alcohol and drug use 
          by drivers.
Sec. 4013. Barriers to data collection report.
Sec. 4014. Technical corrections.
Sec. 4015. Effective date for certain programs.

                      TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

Sec. 5101. Grants to States.
Sec. 5102. Performance and registration information systems management.
Sec. 5103. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5104. Commercial driver's license program implementation.
Sec. 5105. Extension of Federal motor carrier safety programs for fiscal 
          year 2016.
Sec. 5106. Motor carrier safety assistance program allocation.
Sec. 5107. Maintenance of effort calculation.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                        Part I--Regulatory Reform

Sec. 5201. Notice of cancellation of insurance.
Sec. 5202. Regulations.
Sec. 5203. Guidance.
Sec. 5204. Petitions.
Sec. 5205. Inspector standards.
Sec. 5206. Applications.

           Part II--Compliance, Safety, Accountability Reform

Sec. 5221. Correlation study.
Sec. 5222. Beyond compliance.
Sec. 5223. Data certification.
Sec. 5224. Data improvement.
Sec. 5225. Accident review.

               Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

Sec. 5301. Windshield technology.
Sec. 5302. Prioritizing statutory rulemakings.
Sec. 5303. Safety reporting system.
Sec. 5304. New entrant safety review program.
Sec. 5305. High risk carrier reviews.
Sec. 5306. Post-accident report review.
Sec. 5307. Implementing safety requirements.

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

Sec. 5401. Opportunities for veterans.
Sec. 5402. Drug-free commercial drivers.
Sec. 5403. Medical certification of veterans for commercial driver's 
          licenses.
Sec. 5404. Commercial driver pilot program.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

Sec. 5501. Delays in goods movement.
Sec. 5502. Emergency route working group.
Sec. 5503. Household goods consumer protection working group.
Sec. 5504. Technology improvements.
Sec. 5505. Notification regarding motor carrier registration.
Sec. 5506. Report on commercial driver's license skills test delays.
Sec. 5507. Electronic logging device requirements.
Sec. 5508. Technical corrections.
Sec. 5509. Minimum financial responsibility.
Sec. 5510. Safety study regarding double-decker motorcoaches.
Sec. 5511. GAO review of school bus safety.
Sec. 5512. Access to National Driver Register.
Sec. 5513. Report on design and implementation of wireless roadside 
          inspection systems.
Sec. 5514. Regulation of tow truck operations.
Sec. 5515. Study on commercial motor vehicle driver commuting.
Sec. 5516. Additional State authority.
Sec. 5517. Report on motor carrier financial responsibility.
Sec. 5518. Covered farm vehicles.
Sec. 5519. Operators of hi-rail vehicles.
Sec. 5520. Automobile transporter.
Sec. 5521. Ready mix concrete delivery vehicles.
Sec. 5522. Transportation of construction materials and equipment.
Sec. 5523. Commercial delivery of light- and medium-duty trailers.
Sec. 5524. Exemptions from requirements for certain welding trucks used 
          in pipeline industry.
Sec. 5525. Report.

                          TITLE VI--INNOVATION

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6003. Technology and innovation deployment program.
Sec. 6004. Advanced transportation and congestion management 
          technologies deployment.
Sec. 6005. Intelligent transportation system goals.
Sec. 6006. Intelligent transportation system purposes.
Sec. 6007. Intelligent transportation system program report.
Sec. 6008. Intelligent transportation system national architecture and 
          standards.
Sec. 6009. Communication systems deployment report.
Sec. 6010. Infrastructure development.
Sec. 6011. Departmental research programs.
Sec. 6012. Research and Innovative Technology Administration.
Sec. 6013. Web-based training for emergency responders.
Sec. 6014. Hazardous materials research and development.
Sec. 6015. Office of Intermodalism.
Sec. 6016. University transportation centers.
Sec. 6017. Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
Sec. 6018. Port performance freight statistics program.
Sec. 6019. Research planning.
Sec. 6020. Surface transportation system funding alternatives.
Sec. 6021. Future interstate study.
Sec. 6022. Highway efficiency.
Sec. 6023. Transportation technology policy working group.
Sec. 6024. Collaboration and support.
Sec. 6025. GAO report.
Sec. 6026. Traffic congestion.
Sec. 6027. Smart cities transportation planning study.
Sec. 6028. Performance management data support program.

              TITLE VII--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 7001. Short title.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

Sec. 7101. Authorization of appropriations.

          Subtitle B--Hazardous Material Safety and Improvement

Sec. 7201. National emergency and disaster response.
Sec. 7202. Motor carrier safety permits.
Sec. 7203. Improving the effectiveness of planning and training grants.
Sec. 7204. Improving publication of special permits and approvals.
Sec. 7205. Enhanced reporting.
Sec. 7206. Wetlines.
Sec. 7207. GAO study on acceptance of classification examinations.
Sec. 7208. Hazardous materials endorsement exemption.

      Subtitle C--Safe Transportation of Flammable Liquids by Rail

Sec. 7301. Community safety grants.
Sec. 7302. Real-time emergency response information.
Sec. 7303. Emergency response.
Sec. 7304. Phase-out of all tank cars used to transport Class 3 
          flammable liquids.
Sec. 7305. Thermal blankets.
Sec. 7306. Minimum requirements for top fittings protection for class 
          DOT-117R tank cars.
Sec. 7307. Rulemaking on oil spill response plans.
Sec. 7308. Modification reporting.
Sec. 7309. Report on crude oil characteristics research study.
Sec. 7310. Hazardous materials by rail liability study.
Sec. 7311. Study and testing of electronically controlled pneumatic 
          brakes.

              TITLE VIII--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 8001. Multimodal freight transportation.

 TITLE IX--NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE BUREAU

Sec. 9001. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
          Bureau.
Sec. 9002. Council on Credit and Finance.

     TITLE X--SPORT FISH RESTORATION AND RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY

Sec. 10001. Allocations.
Sec. 10002. Recreational boating safety.

                             TITLE XI--RAIL

Sec. 11001. Short title.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

Sec. 11101. Authorization of grants to Amtrak.
Sec. 11102. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements.
Sec. 11103. Federal-State partnership for state of good repair.
Sec. 11104. Restoration and enhancement grants.
Sec. 11105. Authorization of appropriations for Amtrak Office of 
          Inspector General.
Sec. 11106. Definitions.

                       Subtitle B--Amtrak Reforms

Sec. 11201. Accounts.
Sec. 11202. Amtrak grant process.
Sec. 11203. 5-year business line and asset plans.
Sec. 11204. State-supported route committee.
Sec. 11205. Composition of Amtrak's Board of Directors.
Sec. 11206. Route and service planning decisions.
Sec. 11207. Food and beverage reform.
Sec. 11208. Rolling stock purchases.
Sec. 11209. Local products and promotional events.
Sec. 11210. Amtrak pilot program for passengers transporting 
          domesticated cats and dogs.
Sec. 11211. Right-of-way leveraging.
Sec. 11212. Station development.
Sec. 11213. Amtrak boarding procedures.
Sec. 11214. Amtrak debt.
Sec. 11215. Elimination of duplicative reporting.

               Subtitle C--Intercity Passenger Rail Policy

Sec. 11301. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements.
Sec. 11302. Federal-State partnership for state of good repair.
Sec. 11303. Restoration and enhancement grants.
Sec. 11304. Gulf Coast rail service working group.
Sec. 11305. Northeast Corridor Commission.
Sec. 11306. Northeast corridor planning.
Sec. 11307. Competition.
Sec. 11308. Performance-based proposals.
Sec. 11309. Large capital project requirements.
Sec. 11310. Small business participation study.
Sec. 11311. Shared-use study.
Sec. 11312. Northeast Corridor through-ticketing and procurement 
          efficiencies.
Sec. 11313. Data and analysis.
Sec. 11314. Amtrak Inspector General.
Sec. 11315. Miscellaneous provisions.
Sec. 11316. Technical and conforming amendments.

                           Subtitle D--Safety

Sec. 11401. Highway-rail grade crossing safety.
Sec. 11402. Private highway-rail grade crossings.
Sec. 11403. Study on use of locomotive horns at highway-rail grade 
          crossings.
Sec. 11404. Positive train control at grade crossings effectiveness 
          study.
Sec. 11405. Bridge inspection reports.
Sec. 11406. Speed limit action plans.
Sec. 11407. Alerters.
Sec. 11408. Signal protection.
Sec. 11409. Commuter rail track inspections.
Sec. 11410. Post-accident assessment.
Sec. 11411. Recording devices.
Sec. 11412. Railroad police officers.
Sec. 11413. Repair and replacement of damaged track inspection 
          equipment.
Sec. 11414. Report on vertical track deflection.
Sec. 11415. Rail passenger liability.

                      Subtitle E--Project Delivery

Sec. 11501. Short title.
Sec. 11502. Treatment of improvements to rail and transit under 
          preservation requirements.
Sec. 11503. Efficient environmental reviews.
Sec. 11504. Railroad rights-of-way.

                          Subtitle F--Financing

Sec. 11601. Short title; references.
Sec. 11602. Definitions.
Sec. 11603. Eligible applicants.
Sec. 11604. Eligible purposes.
Sec. 11605. Program administration.
Sec. 11606. Loan terms and repayment.
Sec. 11607. Credit risk premiums.
Sec. 11608. Master credit agreements.
Sec. 11609. Priorities and conditions.
Sec. 11610. Savings provisions.
Sec. 11611. Report on leveraging RRIF.

DIVISION B--COMPREHENSIVE TRANSPORTATION AND CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT OF 
                                  2015

                    TITLE XXIV--MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY

                       Subtitle A--Vehicle Safety

Sec. 24101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 24102. Inspector general recommendations.
Sec. 24103. Improvements in availability of recall information.
Sec. 24104. Recall process.
Sec. 24105. Pilot grant program for state notification to consumers of 
          motor vehicle recall status.
Sec. 24106. Recall obligations under bankruptcy.
Sec. 24107. Dealer requirement to check for open recall.
Sec. 24108. Extension of time period for remedy of tire defects.
Sec. 24109. Rental car safety.
Sec. 24110. Increase in civil penalties for violations of motor vehicle 
          safety.
Sec. 24111. Electronic odometer disclosures.
Sec. 24112. Corporate responsibility for NHTSA reports.
Sec. 24113. Direct vehicle notification of recalls.
Sec. 24114. Unattended children warning.
Sec. 24115. Tire pressure monitoring system.
Sec. 24116. Information regarding components involved in recall.

      Subtitle B--Research And Development And Vehicle Electronics

Sec. 24201. Report on operations of the council for vehicle electronics, 
          vehicle software, and emerging technologies.
Sec. 24202. Cooperation with foreign governments.

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

                   Part I--DRIVER PRIVACY ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24301. Short title.
Sec. 24302. Limitations on data retrieval from vehicle event data 
          recorders.
Sec. 24303. Vehicle event data recorder study.

         Part II--SAFETY THROUGH INFORMED CONSUMERS ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24321. Short title.
Sec. 24322. Passenger motor vehicle information.

     Part III--TIRE EFFICIENCY, SAFETY, AND REGISTRATION ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24331. Short title.
Sec. 24332. Tire fuel efficiency minimum performance standards.
Sec. 24333. Tire registration by independent sellers.
Sec. 24334. Tire identification study and report.
Sec. 24335. Tire recall database.

                   Part IV--ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES

Sec. 24341. Regulatory parity for natural gas vehicles.

             Part V--MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY WHISTLEBLOWER ACT

Sec. 24351. Short title.
Sec. 24352. Motor vehicle safety whistleblower incentives and 
          protections.

             Subtitle D--Additional Motor Vehicle Provisions

Sec. 24401. Required reporting of NHTSA agenda.
Sec. 24402. Application of remedies for defects and noncompliance.
Sec. 24403. Retention of safety records by manufacturers.
Sec. 24404. Nonapplication of prohibitions relating to noncomplying 
          motor vehicles to vehicles used for testing or evaluation.
Sec. 24405. Treatment of low-volume manufacturers.
Sec. 24406. Motor vehicle safety guidelines.
Sec. 24407. Improvement of data collection on child occupants in vehicle 
          crashes.

                           DIVISION C--FINANCE

            TITLE XXXI--HIGHWAY TRUST FUND AND RELATED TAXES

 Subtitle A--Extension of Trust Fund Expenditure Authority and Related 
                                  Taxes

Sec. 31101. Extension of Highway Trust Fund expenditure authority.
Sec. 31102. Extension of highway-related taxes.

         Subtitle B--Additional Transfers to Highway Trust Fund

Sec. 31201. Further additional transfers to trust fund.
Sec. 31202. Transfer to Highway Trust Fund of certain motor vehicle 
          safety penalties.
Sec. 31203. Appropriation from Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust 
          Fund.

                          TITLE XXXII--OFFSETS

                       Subtitle A--Tax Provisions

Sec. 32101. Revocation or denial of passport in case of certain unpaid 
          taxes.
Sec. 32102. Reform of rules relating to qualified tax collection 
          contracts.
Sec. 32103. Special compliance personnel program.
Sec. 32104. Repeal of modification of automatic extension of return due 
          date for certain employee benefit plans.

                      Subtitle B--Fees and Receipts

Sec. 32201. Adjustment for inflation of fees for certain customs 
          services.
Sec. 32202. Limitation on surplus funds of Federal reserve banks.
Sec. 32203. Dividends of Federal reserve banks.
Sec. 32204. Strategic Petroleum Reserve drawdown and sale.
Sec. 32205. Repeal.

                           Subtitle C--Outlays

Sec. 32301. Interest on overpayment.

                      Subtitle D--Budgetary Effects

Sec. 32401. Budgetary effects.

                        DIVISION D--MISCELLANEOUS

                TITLE XLI--FEDERAL PERMITTING IMPROVEMENT

Sec. 41001. Definitions.
Sec. 41002. Federal Permitting Improvement Council.
Sec. 41003. Permitting process improvement.
Sec. 41004. Interstate compacts.
Sec. 41005. Coordination of required reviews.
Sec. 41006. Delegated State permitting programs.
Sec. 41007. Litigation, judicial review, and savings provision.
Sec. 41008. Reports.
Sec. 41009. Funding for governance, oversight, and processing of 
          environmental reviews and permits.
Sec. 41010. Application.
Sec. 41011. GAO Report.
Sec. 41012. Savings provision.
Sec. 41013. Sunset.
Sec. 41014. Placement.

                    TITLE XLII--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 42001. GAO report on refunds to registered vendors of kerosene used 
          in noncommercial aviation.

       TITLE XLIII--PAYMENTS TO CERTIFIED STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES

Sec. 43001. Payments from Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund.

           DIVISION E--EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

Sec. 50001. Short title.

  TITLE LI--TAXPAYER PROTECTION PROVISIONS AND INCREASED ACCOUNTABILITY

Sec. 51001. Reduction in authorized amount of outstanding loans, 
          guarantees, and insurance.
Sec. 51002. Increase in loss reserves.
Sec. 51003. Review of fraud controls.
Sec. 51004. Office of Ethics.
Sec. 51005. Chief Risk Officer.
Sec. 51006. Risk Management Committee.
Sec. 51007. Independent audit of bank portfolio.
Sec. 51008. Pilot program for reinsurance.

             TITLE LII--PROMOTION OF SMALL BUSINESS EXPORTS

Sec. 52001. Increase in small business lending requirements.
Sec. 52002. Report on programs for small- and medium-sized businesses.

                 TITLE LIII--MODERNIZATION OF OPERATIONS

Sec. 53001. Electronic payments and documents.
Sec. 53002. Reauthorization of information technology updating.

                      TITLE LIV--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 54001. Extension of authority.
Sec. 54002. Certain updated loan terms and amounts.

                         TITLE LV--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 55001. Prohibition on discrimination based on industry.
Sec. 55002. Negotiations to end export credit financing.
Sec. 55003. Study of financing for information and communications 
          technology systems.

                       DIVISION F--ENERGY SECURITY

Sec. 61001. Emergency preparedness for energy supply disruptions.
Sec. 61002. Resolving environmental and grid reliability conflicts.
Sec. 61003. Critical electric infrastructure security.
Sec. 61004. Strategic Transformer Reserve.
Sec. 61005. Energy security valuation.

                     DIVISION G--FINANCIAL SERVICES

  TITLE LXXI--IMPROVING ACCESS TO CAPITAL FOR EMERGING GROWTH COMPANIES

Sec. 71001. Filing requirement for public filing prior to public 
          offering.
Sec. 71002. Grace period for change of status of emerging growth 
          companies.
Sec. 71003. Simplified disclosure requirements for emerging growth 
          companies.

        TITLE LXXII--DISCLOSURE MODERNIZATION AND SIMPLIFICATION

Sec. 72001. Summary page for form 10-K.
Sec. 72002. Improvement of regulation S-K.
Sec. 72003. Study on modernization and simplification of regulation S-K.

  TITLE LXXIII--BULLION AND COLLECTIBLE COIN PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY AND 
                              COST SAVINGS

Sec. 73001. Technical corrections.
Sec. 73002. American Eagle Silver Bullion 30th Anniversary.

                    TITLE LXXIV--SBIC ADVISERS RELIEF

Sec. 74001. Advisers of SBICs and venture capital funds.
Sec. 74002. Advisers of SBICs and private funds.
Sec. 74003. Relationship to State law.

             TITLE LXXV--ELIMINATE PRIVACY NOTICE CONFUSION

Sec. 75001. Exception to annual privacy notice requirement under the 
          Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.

  TITLE LXXVI--REFORMING ACCESS FOR INVESTMENTS IN STARTUP ENTERPRISES

Sec. 76001. Exempted transactions.

     TITLE LXXVII--PRESERVATION ENHANCEMENT AND SAVINGS OPPORTUNITY

Sec. 77001. Distributions and residual receipts.
Sec. 77002. Future refinancings.
Sec. 77003. Implementation.

            TITLE LXXVIII--TENANT INCOME VERIFICATION RELIEF

Sec. 78001. Reviews of family incomes.

               TITLE LXXIX--HOUSING ASSISTANCE EFFICIENCY

Sec. 79001. Authority to administer rental assistance.
Sec. 79002. Reallocation of funds.

                  TITLE LXXX--CHILD SUPPORT ASSISTANCE

Sec. 80001. Requests for consumer reports by State or local child 
          support enforcement agencies.

               TITLE LXXXI--PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN HOUSING

Sec. 81001. Budget-neutral demonstration program for energy and water 
          conservation improvements at multifamily residential units.

 TITLE LXXXII--CAPITAL ACCESS FOR SMALL COMMUNITY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 82001. Privately insured credit unions authorized to become members 
          of a Federal home loan bank.
Sec. 82002. GAO Report.

               TITLE LXXXIII--SMALL BANK EXAM CYCLE REFORM

Sec. 83001. Smaller institutions qualifying for 18-month examination 
          cycle.

             TITLE LXXXIV--SMALL COMPANY SIMPLE REGISTRATION

Sec. 84001. Forward incorporation by reference for Form S-1.

    TITLE LXXXV--HOLDING COMPANY REGISTRATION THRESHOLD EQUALIZATION

Sec. 85001. Registration threshold for savings and loan holding 
          companies.

          TITLE LXXXVI--REPEAL OF INDEMNIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 86001. Repeal.

   TITLE LXXXVII--TREATMENT OF DEBT OR EQUITY INSTRUMENTS OF SMALLER 
                              INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 87001. Date for determining consolidated assets.

               TITLE LXXXVIII--STATE LICENSING EFFICIENCY

Sec. 88001. Short title.
Sec. 88002. Background checks.

   TITLE LXXXIX--HELPING EXPAND LENDING PRACTICES IN RURAL COMMUNITIES

Sec. 89001. Short title.
Sec. 89002. Designation of rural area.
Sec. 89003. Operations in rural areas.

                   DIVISION A--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 1001. DEFINITIONS.
    In this division, the following definitions apply:
        (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the Department 
    of Transportation.
        (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
    Transportation.
SEC. 1002. RECONCILIATION OF FUNDS.
    The Secretary shall reduce the amount apportioned or allocated for 
a program, project, or activity under titles I and VI of this Act in 
fiscal year 2016 by amounts apportioned or allocated pursuant to any 
extension Act of MAP-21, including the amendments made by that 
extension Act, during the period beginning on October 1, 2015, and 
ending on the date of enactment of this Act. For purposes of making 
such reductions, funds set aside pursuant to section 133(h) of title 
23, United States Code, as amended by this Act, shall be reduced by the 
amount set aside pursuant to section 213 of such title, as in effect on 
the day before the date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1003. EFFECTIVE DATE.
    Except as otherwise provided, this division, including the 
amendments made by this division, takes effect on October 1, 2015.
SEC. 1004. REFERENCES.
    Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to ``this 
Act'' contained in this division shall be treated as referring only to 
the provisions of this division.

                     TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS
                Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

SEC. 1101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
        (1) Federal-aid highway program.--For the national highway 
    performance program under section 119 of title 23, United States 
    Code, the surface transportation block grant program under section 
    133 of that title, the highway safety improvement program under 
    section 148 of that title, the congestion mitigation and air 
    quality improvement program under section 149 of that title, the 
    national highway freight program under section 167 of that title, 
    and to carry out section 134 of that title--
            (A) $39,727,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $40,547,805,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $41,424,020,075 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $42,358,903,696 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $43,373,294,311 for fiscal year 2020.
        (2) Transportation infrastructure finance and innovation 
    program.--For credit assistance under the transportation 
    infrastructure finance and innovation program under chapter 6 of 
    title 23, United States Code--
            (A) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $285,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (3) Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.--
            (A) Tribal transportation program.--For the tribal 
        transportation program under section 202 of title 23, United 
        States Code--
                (i) $465,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                (ii) $475,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                (iii) $485,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                (iv) $495,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                (v) $505,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (B) Federal lands transportation program.--
                (i) In general.--For the Federal lands transportation 
            program under section 203 of title 23, United States Code--

                    (I) $335,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (II) $345,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (III) $355,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (IV) $365,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (V) $375,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.

                (ii) Allocation.--Of the amount made available for a 
            fiscal year under clause (i)--

                    (I) the amount for the National Park Service is--

                        (aa) $268,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                        (bb) $276,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                        (cc) $284,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                        (dd) $292,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                        (ee) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.

                    (II) the amount for the United States Fish and 
                Wildlife Service is $30,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                years 2016 through 2020; and
                    (III) the amount for the United States Forest 
                Service is--

                        (aa) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                        (bb) $16,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                        (cc) $17,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                        (dd) $18,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                        (ee) $19,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (C) Federal lands access program.--For the Federal lands 
        access program under section 204 of title 23, United States 
        Code--
                (i) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                (ii) $255,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                (iii) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                (iv) $265,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                (v) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (4) Territorial and puerto rico highway program.--For the 
    territorial and Puerto Rico highway program under section 165 of 
    title 23, United States Code, $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
    2016 through 2020.
        (5) Nationally significant freight and highway projects.--For 
    nationally significant freight and highway projects under section 
    117 of title 23, United States Code--
            (A) $800,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $850,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $900,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $950,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    (b) Disadvantaged Business Enterprises.--
        (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (A) while significant progress has occurred due to the 
        establishment of the disadvantaged business enterprise program, 
        discrimination and related barriers continue to pose 
        significant obstacles for minority- and women-owned businesses 
        seeking to do business in federally assisted surface 
        transportation markets across the United States;
            (B) the continuing barriers described in subparagraph (A) 
        merit the continuation of the disadvantaged business enterprise 
        program;
            (C) Congress has received and reviewed testimony and 
        documentation of race and gender discrimination from numerous 
        sources, including congressional hearings and roundtables, 
        scientific reports, reports issued by public and private 
        agencies, news stories, reports of discrimination by 
        organizations and individuals, and discrimination lawsuits, 
        which show that race- and gender-neutral efforts alone are 
        insufficient to address the problem;
            (D) the testimony and documentation described in 
        subparagraph (C) demonstrate that discrimination across the 
        United States poses a barrier to full and fair participation in 
        surface transportation-related businesses of women business 
        owners and minority business owners and has impacted firm 
        development and many aspects of surface transportation-related 
        business in the public and private markets; and
            (E) the testimony and documentation described in 
        subparagraph (C) provide a strong basis that there is a 
        compelling need for the continuation of the disadvantaged 
        business enterprise program to address race and gender 
        discrimination in surface transportation-related business.
        (2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following definitions 
    apply:
            (A) Small business concern.--
                (i) In general.--The term ``small business concern'' 
            means a small business concern (as the term is used in 
            section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)).
                (ii) Exclusions.--The term ``small business concern'' 
            does not include any concern or group of concerns 
            controlled by the same socially and economically 
            disadvantaged individual or individuals that have average 
            annual gross receipts during the preceding 3 fiscal years 
            in excess of $23,980,000, as adjusted annually by the 
            Secretary for inflation.
            (B) Socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.--
        The term ``socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals'' has the meaning given the term in section 8(d) of 
        the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)) and relevant 
        subcontracting regulations issued pursuant to that Act, except 
        that women shall be presumed to be socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals for purposes of this subsection.
        (3) Amounts for small business concerns.--Except to the extent 
    that the Secretary determines otherwise, not less than 10 percent 
    of the amounts made available for any program under titles I, II, 
    III, and VI of this Act and section 403 of title 23, United States 
    Code, shall be expended through small business concerns owned and 
    controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.
        (4) Annual listing of disadvantaged business enterprises.--Each 
    State shall annually--
            (A) survey and compile a list of the small business 
        concerns referred to in paragraph (3) in the State, including 
        the location of the small business concerns in the State; and
            (B) notify the Secretary, in writing, of the percentage of 
        the small business concerns that are controlled by--
                (i) women;
                (ii) socially and economically disadvantaged 
            individuals (other than women); and
                (iii) individuals who are women and are otherwise 
            socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.
        (5) Uniform certification.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish minimum 
        uniform criteria for use by State governments in certifying 
        whether a concern qualifies as a small business concern for the 
        purpose of this subsection.
            (B) Inclusions.--The minimum uniform criteria established 
        under subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to a 
        potential small business concern--
                (i) on-site visits;
                (ii) personal interviews with personnel;
                (iii) issuance or inspection of licenses;
                (iv) analyses of stock ownership;
                (v) listings of equipment;
                (vi) analyses of bonding capacity;
                (vii) listings of work completed;
                (viii) examination of the resumes of principal owners;
                (ix) analyses of financial capacity; and
                (x) analyses of the type of work preferred.
        (6) Reporting.--The Secretary shall establish minimum 
    requirements for use by State governments in reporting to the 
    Secretary--
            (A) information concerning disadvantaged business 
        enterprise awards, commitments, and achievements; and
            (B) such other information as the Secretary determines to 
        be appropriate for the proper monitoring of the disadvantaged 
        business enterprise program.
        (7) Compliance with court orders.--Nothing in this subsection 
    limits the eligibility of an individual or entity to receive funds 
    made available under titles I, II, III, and VI of this Act and 
    section 403 of title 23, United States Code, if the entity or 
    person is prevented, in whole or in part, from complying with 
    paragraph (3) because a Federal court issues a final order in which 
    the court finds that a requirement or the implementation of 
    paragraph (3) is unconstitutional.
        (8) Sense of congress on prompt payment of dbe 
    subcontractors.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (A) the Secretary should take additional steps to ensure 
        that recipients comply with section 26.29 of title 49, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (the disadvantaged business enterprises 
        prompt payment rule), or any corresponding regulation, in 
        awarding federally funded transportation contracts under laws 
        and regulations administered by the Secretary; and
            (B) such additional steps should include increasing the 
        Department's ability to track and keep records of complaints 
        and to make that information publicly available.
SEC. 1102. OBLIGATION CEILING.
    (a) General Limitation.--Subject to subsection (e), and 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, the obligations for 
Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs shall not 
exceed--
        (1) $42,361,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
        (2) $43,266,100,000 for fiscal year 2017;
        (3) $44,234,212,000 for fiscal year 2018;
        (4) $45,268,596,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
        (5) $46,365,092,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    (b) Exceptions.--The limitations under subsection (a) shall not 
apply to obligations under or for--
        (1) section 125 of title 23, United States Code;
        (2) section 147 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 
    1978 (23 U.S.C. 144 note; 92 Stat. 2714);
        (3) section 9 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1981 (95 Stat. 
    1701);
        (4) subsections (b) and (j) of section 131 of the Surface 
    Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2119);
        (5) subsections (b) and (c) of section 149 of the Surface 
    Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (101 
    Stat. 198);
        (6) sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal Surface 
    Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2027);
        (7) section 157 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
    on June 8, 1998);
        (8) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
    for fiscal years 1998 through 2004, but only in an amount equal to 
    $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
        (9) Federal-aid highway programs for which obligation authority 
    was made available under the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st 
    Century (112 Stat. 107) or subsequent Acts for multiple years or to 
    remain available until expended, but only to the extent that the 
    obligation authority has not lapsed or been used;
        (10) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
    for fiscal years 2005 through 2012, but only in an amount equal to 
    $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
        (11) section 1603 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 118 note; 119 Stat. 
    1248), to the extent that funds obligated in accordance with that 
    section were not subject to a limitation on obligations at the time 
    at which the funds were initially made available for obligation;
        (12) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
    for fiscal years 2013 through 2015, but only in an amount equal to 
    $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years); and
        (13) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (but, for 
    fiscal years 2016 through 2020, only in an amount equal to 
    $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years).
    (c) Distribution of Obligation Authority.--For each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020, the Secretary--
        (1) shall not distribute obligation authority provided by 
    subsection (a) for the fiscal year for--
            (A) amounts authorized for administrative expenses and 
        programs by section 104(a) of title 23, United States Code; and
            (B) amounts authorized for the Bureau of Transportation 
        Statistics;
        (2) shall not distribute an amount of obligation authority 
    provided by subsection (a) that is equal to the unobligated balance 
    of amounts--
            (A) made available from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
        the Mass Transit Account) for Federal-aid highway and highway 
        safety construction programs for previous fiscal years the 
        funds for which are allocated by the Secretary (or apportioned 
        by the Secretary under section 202 or 204 of title 23, United 
        States Code); and
            (B) for which obligation authority was provided in a 
        previous fiscal year;
        (3) shall determine the proportion that--
            (A) the obligation authority provided by subsection (a) for 
        the fiscal year, less the aggregate of amounts not distributed 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection; bears to
            (B) the total of the sums authorized to be appropriated for 
        the Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction 
        programs (other than sums authorized to be appropriated for 
        provisions of law described in paragraphs (1) through (12) of 
        subsection (b) and sums authorized to be appropriated for 
        section 119 of title 23, United States Code, equal to the 
        amount referred to in subsection (b)(13) for the fiscal year), 
        less the aggregate of the amounts not distributed under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection;
        (4) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
    subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed under 
    paragraphs (1) and (2), for each of the programs (other than 
    programs to which paragraph (1) applies) that are allocated by the 
    Secretary under this Act and title 23, United States Code, or 
    apportioned by the Secretary under sections 202 or 204 of that 
    title, by multiplying--
            (A) the proportion determined under paragraph (3); by
            (B) the amounts authorized to be appropriated for each such 
        program for the fiscal year; and
        (5) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
    subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed under 
    paragraphs (1) and (2) and the amounts distributed under paragraph 
    (4), for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction 
    programs that are apportioned by the Secretary under title 23, 
    United States Code (other than the amounts apportioned for the 
    national highway performance program in section 119 of title 23, 
    United States Code, that are exempt from the limitation under 
    subsection (b)(13) and the amounts apportioned under sections 202 
    and 204 of that title) in the proportion that--
            (A) amounts authorized to be appropriated for the programs 
        that are apportioned under title 23, United States Code, to 
        each State for the fiscal year; bears to
            (B) the total of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
        for the programs that are apportioned under title 23, United 
        States Code, to all States for the fiscal year.
    (d) Redistribution of Unused Obligation Authority.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall, after August 1 of each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020--
        (1) revise a distribution of the obligation authority made 
    available under subsection (c) if an amount distributed cannot be 
    obligated during that fiscal year; and
        (2) redistribute sufficient amounts to those States able to 
    obligate amounts in addition to those previously distributed during 
    that fiscal year, giving priority to those States having large 
    unobligated balances of funds apportioned under sections 144 (as in 
    effect on the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21 (Public 
    Law 112-141)) and 104 of title 23, United States Code.
    (e) Applicability of Obligation Limitations to Transportation 
Research Programs.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
    obligation limitations imposed by subsection (a) shall apply to 
    contract authority for transportation research programs carried out 
    under--
            (A) chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code; and
            (B) title VI of this Act.
        (2) Exception.--Obligation authority made available under 
    paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) remain available for a period of 4 fiscal years; and
            (B) be in addition to the amount of any limitation imposed 
        on obligations for Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
        construction programs for future fiscal years.
    (f) Redistribution of Certain Authorized Funds.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
    distribution of obligation authority under subsection (c) for each 
    of fiscal years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall distribute 
    to the States any funds (excluding funds authorized for the program 
    under section 202 of title 23, United States Code) that--
            (A) are authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year 
        for Federal-aid highway programs; and
            (B) the Secretary determines will not be allocated to the 
        States (or will not be apportioned to the States under section 
        204 of title 23, United States Code), and will not be available 
        for obligation, for the fiscal year because of the imposition 
        of any obligation limitation for the fiscal year.
        (2) Ratio.--Funds shall be distributed under paragraph (1) in 
    the same proportion as the distribution of obligation authority 
    under subsection (c)(5).
        (3) Availability.--Funds distributed to each State under 
    paragraph (1) shall be available for any purpose described in 
    section 133(b) of title 23, United States Code.
SEC. 1103. DEFINITIONS.
    Section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (29);
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (15) through (28) as paragraphs 
    (16) through (29), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (14) the following:
        ``(15) National highway freight network.--The term `National 
    Highway Freight Network' means the National Highway Freight Network 
    established under section 167.''.
SEC. 1104. APPORTIONMENT.
    (a) Administrative Expenses.--Section 104(a)(1) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
        ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated from 
    the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to be 
    made available to the Secretary for administrative expenses of the 
    Federal Highway Administration--
            ``(A) $453,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(B) $459,795,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(C) $466,691,925 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(D) $473,692,304 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(E) $480,797,689 for fiscal year 2020.''.
    (b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base 
Apportionment.--Section 104(b) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``(b) Division of'' and all that follows before 
    paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base 
Apportionment.--The Secretary shall distribute the amount of the base 
apportionment apportioned to a State for a fiscal year under subsection 
(c) among the national highway performance program, the surface 
transportation block grant program, the highway safety improvement 
program, the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program, 
the national highway freight program, and to carry out section 134 as 
follows:'';
        (2) in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by striking ``paragraphs 
    (4) and (5)'' each place it appears and inserting ``paragraphs (4), 
    (5), and (6)'';
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the paragraph heading by striking ``Surface 
        transportation program'' and inserting ``Surface transportation 
        block grant program''; and
            (B) by striking ``surface transportation program'' and 
        inserting ``surface transportation block grant program'';
        (4) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by striking ``the amount determined for the State under subsection 
    (c)'' and inserting ``the amount of the base apportionment 
    remaining for the State under subsection (c) after making the set 
    aside in accordance with paragraph (5)'';
        (5) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
        (6) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
        ``(5) National highway freight program.--
            ``(A) In general.--For the national highway freight program 
        under section 167, the Secretary shall set aside from the base 
        apportionment determined for a State under subsection (c) an 
        amount determined for the State under subparagraphs (B) and 
        (C).
            ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount set aside for the 
        national highway freight program for all States shall be--
                ``(i) $1,150,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                ``(ii) $1,100,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                ``(iii) $1,200,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                ``(iv) $1,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                ``(v) $1,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(C) State share.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall distribute among the States the total set-aside amount 
        for the national highway freight program under subparagraph (B) 
        so that each State receives the amount equal to the proportion 
        that--
                ``(i) the total base apportionment determined for the 
            State under subsection (c); bears to
                ``(ii) the total base apportionments for all States 
            under subsection (c).
            ``(D) Metropolitan planning.--Of the amount set aside under 
        this paragraph for a State, the Secretary shall use to carry 
        out section 134 an amount determined by multiplying the set-
        aside amount by the proportion that--
                ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State to carry out 
            section 134 for fiscal year 2009; bears to
                ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned to the 
            State for that fiscal year for the programs referred to in 
            section 105(a)(2) (except for the high priority projects 
            program referred to in section 105(a)(2)(H)), as in effect 
            on the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21 (Public 
            Law 112-141; 126 Stat. 405).''; and
        (7) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), in the matter 
    preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``the amount determined for 
    the State under subsection (c)'' and inserting ``the amount of the 
    base apportionment remaining for a State under subsection (c) after 
    making the set aside in accordance with paragraph (5)''.
    (c) Calculation of State Amounts.--Section 104(c) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Calculation of Amounts.--
        ``(1) State share.--For each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020, 
    the amount for each State shall be determined as follows:
            ``(A) Initial amounts.--The initial amounts for each State 
        shall be determined by multiplying--
                ``(i) each of--

                    ``(I) the base apportionment;
                    ``(II) supplemental funds reserved under subsection 
                (h)(1) for the national highway performance program; 
                and
                    ``(III) supplemental funds reserved under 
                subsection (h)(2) for the surface transportation block 
                grant program; by

                ``(ii) the share for each State, which shall be equal 
            to the proportion that--

                    ``(I) the amount of apportionments that the State 
                received for fiscal year 2015; bears to
                    ``(II) the amount of those apportionments received 
                by all States for that fiscal year.

            ``(B) Adjustments to amounts.--The initial amounts 
        resulting from the calculation under subparagraph (A) shall be 
        adjusted to ensure that each State receives an aggregate 
        apportionment equal to at least 95 percent of the estimated tax 
        payments attributable to highway users in the State paid into 
        the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) in 
        the most recent fiscal year for which data are available.
        ``(2) State apportionment.--On October 1 of fiscal years 2016 
    through 2020, the Secretary shall apportion the sums authorized to 
    be appropriated for expenditure on the national highway performance 
    program under section 119, the surface transportation block grant 
    program under section 133, the highway safety improvement program 
    under section 148, the congestion mitigation and air quality 
    improvement program under section 149, the national highway freight 
    program under section 167, and to carry out section 134 in 
    accordance with paragraph (1).''.
    (d) Supplemental Funds.--Section 104 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Supplemental Funds.--
        ``(1) Supplemental funds for national highway performance 
    program.--
            ``(A) Amount.--Before making an apportionment for a fiscal 
        year under subsection (c), the Secretary shall reserve for the 
        national highway performance program under section 119 for that 
        fiscal year an amount equal to--
                ``(i) $53,596,122 for fiscal year 2019; and
                ``(ii) $66,717,816 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved under 
        subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a State under subsection 
        (c) shall be treated as if apportioned under subsection (b)(1), 
        and shall be in addition to amounts apportioned under that 
        subsection.
        ``(2) Supplemental funds for surface transportation block grant 
    program.--
            ``(A) Amount.--Before making an apportionment for a fiscal 
        year under subsection (c), the Secretary shall reserve for the 
        surface transportation block grant program under section 133 
        for that fiscal year an amount equal to--
                ``(i) $835,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 and 
            2017 pursuant to section 133(h), plus--

                    ``(I) $55,426,310 for fiscal year 2016; and
                    ``(II) $89,289,904 for fiscal year 2017; and

                ``(ii) $850,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 
            through 2020 pursuant to section 133(h), plus--

                    ``(I) $118,013,536 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(II) $130,688,367 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(III) $170,053,448 for fiscal year 2020.

            ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved under 
        subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a State under subsection 
        (c) shall be treated as if apportioned under subsection (b)(2), 
        and shall be in addition to amounts apportioned under that 
        subsection.
    ``(i) Base Apportionment Defined.--In this section, the term `base 
apportionment' means--
        ``(1) the combined amount authorized for appropriation for the 
    national highway performance program under section 119, the surface 
    transportation block grant program under section 133, the highway 
    safety improvement program under section 148, the congestion 
    mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149, 
    the national highway freight program under section 167, and to 
    carry out section 134; minus
        ``(2) supplemental funds reserved under subsection (h) for the 
    national highway performance program and the surface transportation 
    block grant program.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 104(d)(1)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking ``subsection (b)(5)'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of subsection (b)''.
        (2) Section 120(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), 
        by striking ``or (5)'' and inserting ``(5)(D), or (6)''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (C)(i) by striking ``and (5)'' and 
        inserting ``(5)(D), and (6)''.
        (3) Section 135(i) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
    by striking ``section 104(b)(5)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (5)(D) 
    and (6) of section 104(b)''.
        (4) Section 136(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
    in the first sentence by striking ``paragraphs (1) through (5) of 
    section 104(b)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) through (6) of 
    section 104(b)''.
        (5) Section 141(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking ``paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 
    104(b)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) through (6) of section 
    104(b)''.
        (6) Section 505(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
    in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``through (4)'' 
    and inserting ``through (5)''.
SEC. 1105. NATIONALLY SIGNIFICANT FREIGHT AND HIGHWAY PROJECTS.
    (a) In General.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 116 the following:
``Sec. 117. Nationally significant freight and highway projects
    ``(a) Establishment.--
        ``(1) In general.--There is established a nationally 
    significant freight and highway projects program to provide 
    financial assistance for projects of national or regional 
    significance.
        ``(2) Goals.--The goals of the program shall be to--
            ``(A) improve the safety, efficiency, and reliability of 
        the movement of freight and people;
            ``(B) generate national or regional economic benefits and 
        an increase in the global economic competitiveness of the 
        United States;
            ``(C) reduce highway congestion and bottlenecks;
            ``(D) improve connectivity between modes of freight 
        transportation;
            ``(E) enhance the resiliency of critical highway 
        infrastructure and help protect the environment;
            ``(F) improve roadways vital to national energy security; 
        and
            ``(G) address the impact of population growth on the 
        movement of people and freight.
    ``(b) Grant Authority.--
        ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program established in 
    subsection (a), the Secretary may make grants, on a competitive 
    basis, in accordance with this section.
        ``(2) Grant amount.--Except as otherwise provided, each grant 
    made under this section shall be in an amount that is at least 
    $25,000,000.
    ``(c) Eligible Applicants.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make a grant under this 
    section to the following:
            ``(A) A State or a group of States.
            ``(B) A metropolitan planning organization that serves an 
        urbanized area (as defined by the Bureau of the Census) with a 
        population of more than 200,000 individuals.
            ``(C) A unit of local government or a group of local 
        governments.
            ``(D) A political subdivision of a State or local 
        government.
            ``(E) A special purpose district or public authority with a 
        transportation function, including a port authority.
            ``(F) A Federal land management agency that applies jointly 
        with a State or group of States.
            ``(G) A tribal government or a consortium of tribal 
        governments.
            ``(H) A multistate or multijurisdictional group of entities 
        described in this paragraph.
        ``(2) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
    section, an entity specified in paragraph (1) shall submit to the 
    Secretary an application in such form, at such time, and containing 
    such information as the Secretary determines is appropriate.
    ``(d) Eligible Projects.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (e), the 
    Secretary may make a grant under this section only for a project 
    that--
            ``(A) is--
                ``(i) a highway freight project carried out on the 
            National Highway Freight Network established under section 
            167;
                ``(ii) a highway or bridge project carried out on the 
            National Highway System, including--

                    ``(I) a project to add capacity to the Interstate 
                System to improve mobility; or
                    ``(II) a project in a national scenic area;

                ``(iii) a freight project that is--

                    ``(I) a freight intermodal or freight rail project; 
                or
                    ``(II) within the boundaries of a public or private 
                freight rail, water (including ports), or intermodal 
                facility and that is a surface transportation 
                infrastructure project necessary to facilitate direct 
                intermodal interchange, transfer, or access into or out 
                of the facility; or

                ``(iv) a railway-highway grade crossing or grade 
            separation project; and
            ``(B) has eligible project costs that are reasonably 
        anticipated to equal or exceed the lesser of--
                ``(i) $100,000,000; or
                ``(ii) in the case of a project--

                    ``(I) located in 1 State, 30 percent of the amount 
                apportioned under this chapter to the State in the most 
                recently completed fiscal year; or
                    ``(II) located in more than 1 State, 50 percent of 
                the amount apportioned under this chapter to the 
                participating State with the largest apportionment 
                under this chapter in the most recently completed 
                fiscal year.

        ``(2) Limitation.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not more than $500,000,000 of the 
        amounts made available for grants under this section for fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2020, in the aggregate, may be used to make 
        grants for projects described in paragraph (1)(A)(iii) and such 
        a project may only receive a grant under this section if--
                ``(i) the project will make a significant improvement 
            to freight movements on the National Highway Freight 
            Network; and
                ``(ii) the Federal share of the project funds only 
            elements of the project that provide public benefits.
            ``(B) Exclusions.--The limitation under subparagraph (A)--
                ``(i) shall not apply to a railway-highway grade 
            crossing or grade separation project; and
                ``(ii) with respect to a multimodal project, shall 
            apply only to the non-highway portion or portions of the 
            project.
    ``(e) Small Projects.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve 10 percent of 
    the amounts made available for grants under this section each 
    fiscal year to make grants for projects described in subsection 
    (d)(1)(A) that do not satisfy the minimum threshold under 
    subsection (d)(1)(B).
        ``(2) Grant amount.--Each grant made under this subsection 
    shall be in an amount that is at least $5,000,000.
        ``(3) Project selection considerations.--In addition to other 
    applicable requirements, in making grants under this subsection the 
    Secretary shall consider--
            ``(A) the cost effectiveness of the proposed project; and
            ``(B) the effect of the proposed project on mobility in the 
        State and region in which the project is carried out.
    ``(f) Eligible Project Costs.--Grant amounts received for a project 
under this section may be used for--
        ``(1) development phase activities, including planning, 
    feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental review, 
    preliminary engineering and design work, and other preconstruction 
    activities; and
        ``(2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, acquisition 
    of real property (including land related to the project and 
    improvements to the land), environmental mitigation, construction 
    contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and operational 
    improvements directly related to improving system performance.
    ``(g) Project Requirements.--The Secretary may select a project 
described under this section (other than subsection (e)) for funding 
under this section only if the Secretary determines that--
        ``(1) the project will generate national or regional economic, 
    mobility, or safety benefits;
        ``(2) the project will be cost effective;
        ``(3) the project will contribute to the accomplishment of 1 or 
    more of the national goals described under section 150 of this 
    title;
        ``(4) the project is based on the results of preliminary 
    engineering;
        ``(5) with respect to related non-Federal financial 
    commitments--
            ``(A) 1 or more stable and dependable sources of funding 
        and financing are available to construct, maintain, and operate 
        the project; and
            ``(B) contingency amounts are available to cover 
        unanticipated cost increases;
        ``(6) the project cannot be easily and efficiently completed 
    without other Federal funding or financial assistance available to 
    the project sponsor; and
        ``(7) the project is reasonably expected to begin construction 
    not later than 18 months after the date of obligation of funds for 
    the project.
    ``(h) Additional Considerations.--In making a grant under this 
section, the Secretary shall consider--
        ``(1) utilization of nontraditional financing, innovative 
    design and construction techniques, or innovative technologies;
        ``(2) utilization of non-Federal contributions; and
        ``(3) contributions to geographic diversity among grant 
    recipients, including the need for a balance between the needs of 
    rural and urban communities.
    ``(i) Rural Areas.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve not less than 25 
    percent of the amounts made available for grants under this 
    section, including the amounts made available under subsection (e), 
    each fiscal year to make grants for projects located in rural 
    areas.
        ``(2) Excess funding.--In any fiscal year in which qualified 
    applications for grants under this subsection will not allow for 
    the amount reserved under paragraph (1) to be fully utilized, the 
    Secretary shall use the unutilized amounts to make other grants 
    under this section.
        ``(3) Rural area defined.--In this subsection, the term `rural 
    area' means an area that is outside an urbanized area with a 
    population of over 200,000.
    ``(j) Federal Share.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
    assisted with a grant under this section may not exceed 60 percent.
        ``(2) Maximum federal involvement.--Federal assistance other 
    than a grant under this section may be used to satisfy the non-
    Federal share of the cost of a project for which such a grant is 
    made, except that the total Federal assistance provided for a 
    project receiving a grant under this section may not exceed 80 
    percent of the total project cost.
        ``(3) Federal land management agencies.--Notwithstanding any 
    other provision of law, any Federal funds other than those made 
    available under this title or title 49 may be used to pay the non-
    Federal share of the cost of a project carried out under this 
    section by a Federal land management agency, as described under 
    subsection (c)(1)(F).
    ``(k) Treatment of Freight Projects.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a freight project carried out under this section 
shall be treated as if the project is located on a Federal-aid highway.
    ``(l) TIFIA Program.--At the request of an eligible applicant under 
this section, the Secretary may use amounts awarded to the entity to 
pay subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide the entity 
Federal credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to the project 
for which the grant was awarded.
    ``(m) Congressional Notification.--
        ``(1) Notification.--
            ``(A) In general.--At least 60 days before making a grant 
        for a project under this section, the Secretary shall notify, 
        in writing, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Environment and Public Works of the Senate of the proposed 
        grant. The notification shall include an evaluation and 
        justification for the project and the amount of the proposed 
        grant award.
            ``(B) Multimodal projects.--In addition to the notice 
        required under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall notify the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate before making a grant for a project described in 
        subsection (d)(1)(A)(iii).
        ``(2) Congressional disapproval.--The Secretary may not make a 
    grant or any other obligation or commitment to fund a project under 
    this section if a joint resolution is enacted disapproving funding 
    for the project before the last day of the 60-day period described 
    in paragraph (1).
    ``(n) Reports.--
        ``(1) Annual report.--The Secretary shall make available on the 
    Web site of the Department of Transportation at the end of each 
    fiscal year an annual report that lists each project for which a 
    grant has been provided under this section during that fiscal year.
        ``(2) Comptroller general.--
            ``(A) Assessment.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct an assessment of the administrative 
        establishment, solicitation, selection, and justification 
        process with respect to the funding of grants under this 
        section.
            ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the initial 
        awarding of grants under this section, the Comptroller General 
        shall submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works 
        of the Senate, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report that describes--
                ``(i) the adequacy and fairness of the process by which 
            each project was selected, if applicable; and
                ``(ii) the justification and criteria used for the 
            selection of each project, if applicable.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 116 the following:

``117. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.''.

    (c) Repeal.--Section 1301 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note), and 
the item relating to that section in the table of contents in section 
1(b) of such Act, are repealed.
SEC. 1106. NATIONAL HIGHWAY PERFORMANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 119 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(h) TIFIA Program.--Upon Secretarial approval of credit 
assistance under chapter 6, the Secretary, at the request of a State, 
may allow the State to use funds apportioned under section 104(b)(1) to 
pay subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide an eligible 
entity Federal credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to a 
project eligible for assistance under this section.
    ``(i) Additional Funding Eligibility for Certain Bridges.--
        ``(1) In general.--Funds apportioned to a State to carry out 
    the national highway performance program may be obligated for a 
    project for the reconstruction, resurfacing, restoration, 
    rehabilitation, or preservation of a bridge not on the National 
    Highway System, if the bridge is on a Federal-aid highway.
        ``(2) Limitation.--A State required to make obligations under 
    subsection (f) shall ensure such requirements are satisfied in 
    order to use the flexibility under paragraph (1).
    ``(j) Critical Infrastructure.--
        ``(1) Critical infrastructure defined.--In this subsection, the 
    term `critical infrastructure' means those facilities the 
    incapacity or failure of which would have a debilitating impact on 
    national or regional economic security, national or regional energy 
    security, national or regional public health or safety, or any 
    combination of those matters.
        ``(2) Consideration.--The asset management plan of a State may 
    include consideration of critical infrastructure from among those 
    facilities in the State that are eligible under subsection (c).
        ``(3) Risk reduction.--A State may use funds apportioned under 
    this section for projects intended to reduce the risk of failure of 
    critical infrastructure in the State.''.
SEC. 1107. EMERGENCY RELIEF FOR FEDERALLY OWNED ROADS.
    (a) Eligibility.--Section 125(d)(3) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) projects eligible for assistance under this section 
        located on tribal transportation facilities, Federal lands 
        transportation facilities, or other federally owned roads that 
        are open to public travel (as defined in subsection (e)(1)).''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 125(e) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
    definitions apply:
            ``(A) Open to public travel.--The term `open to public 
        travel' means, with respect to a road, that, except during 
        scheduled periods, extreme weather conditions, or emergencies, 
        the road--
                ``(i) is maintained;
                ``(ii) is open to the general public; and
                ``(iii) can accommodate travel by a standard passenger 
            vehicle, without restrictive gates or prohibitive signs or 
            regulations, other than for general traffic control or 
            restrictions based on size, weight, or class of 
            registration.
            ``(B) Standard passenger vehicle.--The term `standard 
        passenger vehicle' means a vehicle with 6 inches of clearance 
        from the lowest point of the frame, body, suspension, or 
        differential to the ground.''.
SEC. 1108. RAILWAY-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSINGS.
    Section 130(e)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Set aside.--Before making an apportionment under 
        section 104(b)(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall set 
        aside, from amounts made available to carry out the highway 
        safety improvement program under section 148 for such fiscal 
        year, for the elimination of hazards and the installation of 
        protective devices at railway-highway crossings at least--
                ``(i) $225,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                ``(ii) $230,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                ``(iii) $235,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                ``(iv) $240,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                ``(v) $245,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(B) Installation of protective devices.--At least \1/2\ 
        of the funds set aside each fiscal year under subparagraph (A) 
        shall be available for the installation of protective devices 
        at railway-highway crossings.
            ``(C) Obligation availability.--Sums set aside each fiscal 
        year under subparagraph (A) shall be available for obligation 
        in the same manner as funds apportioned under section 
        104(b)(1).''.
SEC. 1109. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
        (1) the benefits of the surface transportation block grant 
    program accrue principally to the residents of each State and 
    municipality where the funds are obligated;
        (2) decisions about how funds should be obligated are best 
    determined by the States and municipalities to respond to unique 
    local circumstances and implement the most efficient solutions; and
        (3) reforms of the program to promote flexibility will enhance 
    State and local control over transportation decisions.
    (b) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program.--Section 133 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) and 
    inserting the following:
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a surface 
transportation block grant program in accordance with this section to 
provide flexible funding to address State and local transportation 
needs.
    ``(b) Eligible Projects.--Funds apportioned to a State under 
section 104(b)(2) for the surface transportation block grant program 
may be obligated for the following:
        ``(1) Construction of--
            ``(A) highways, bridges, tunnels, including designated 
        routes of the Appalachian development highway system and local 
        access roads under section 14501 of title 40;
            ``(B) ferry boats and terminal facilities eligible for 
        funding under section 129(c);
            ``(C) transit capital projects eligible for assistance 
        under chapter 53 of title 49;
            ``(D) infrastructure-based intelligent transportation 
        systems capital improvements;
            ``(E) truck parking facilities eligible for funding under 
        section 1401 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 137 note); and
            ``(F) border infrastructure projects eligible for funding 
        under section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note).
        ``(2) Operational improvements and capital and operating costs 
    for traffic monitoring, management, and control facilities and 
    programs.
        ``(3) Environmental measures eligible under sections 119(g), 
    328, and 329 and transportation control measures listed in section 
    108(f)(1)(A) (other than clause (xvi) of that section) of the Clean 
    Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7408(f)(1)(A)).
        ``(4) Highway and transit safety infrastructure improvements 
    and programs, including railway-highway grade crossings.
        ``(5) Fringe and corridor parking facilities and programs in 
    accordance with section 137 and carpool projects in accordance with 
    section 146.
        ``(6) Recreational trails projects eligible for funding under 
    section 206, pedestrian and bicycle projects in accordance with 
    section 217 (including modifications to comply with accessibility 
    requirements under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
    U.S.C. 12101 et seq.)), and the safe routes to school program under 
    section 1404 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 402 note).
        ``(7) Planning, design, or construction of boulevards and other 
    roadways largely in the right-of-way of former Interstate System 
    routes or other divided highways.
        ``(8) Development and implementation of a State asset 
    management plan for the National Highway System and a performance-
    based management program for other public roads.
        ``(9) Protection (including painting, scour countermeasures, 
    seismic retrofits, impact protection measures, security 
    countermeasures, and protection against extreme events) for bridges 
    (including approaches to bridges and other elevated structures) and 
    tunnels on public roads, and inspection and evaluation of bridges 
    and tunnels and other highway assets.
        ``(10) Surface transportation planning programs, highway and 
    transit research and development and technology transfer programs, 
    and workforce development, training, and education under chapter 5 
    of this title.
        ``(11) Surface transportation infrastructure modifications to 
    facilitate direct intermodal interchange, transfer, and access into 
    and out of a port terminal.
        ``(12) Projects and strategies designed to support congestion 
    pricing, including electronic toll collection and travel demand 
    management strategies and programs.
        ``(13) At the request of a State, and upon Secretarial approval 
    of credit assistance under chapter 6, subsidy and administrative 
    costs necessary to provide an eligible entity Federal credit 
    assistance under chapter 6 with respect to a project eligible for 
    assistance under this section.
        ``(14) The creation and operation by a State of an office to 
    assist in the design, implementation, and oversight of public-
    private partnerships eligible to receive funding under this title 
    and chapter 53 of title 49, and the payment of a stipend to 
    unsuccessful private bidders to offset their proposal development 
    costs, if necessary to encourage robust competition in public-
    private partnership procurements.
        ``(15) Any type of project eligible under this section as in 
    effect on the day before the date of enactment of the FAST Act, 
    including projects described under section 101(a)(29) as in effect 
    on such day.
    ``(c) Location of Projects.--A surface transportation block grant 
project may not be undertaken on a road functionally classified as a 
local road or a rural minor collector unless the road was on a Federal-
aid highway system on January 1, 1991, except--
        ``(1) for a bridge or tunnel project (other than the 
    construction of a new bridge or tunnel at a new location);
        ``(2) for a project described in paragraphs (4) through (11) of 
    subsection (b);
        ``(3) for a project described in section 101(a)(29), as in 
    effect on the day before the date of enactment of the FAST Act; and
        ``(4) as approved by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Allocations of Apportioned Funds to Areas Based on 
Population.--
        ``(1) Calculation.--Of the funds apportioned to a State under 
    section 104(b)(2) (after the reservation of funds under subsection 
    (h))--
            ``(A) the percentage specified in paragraph (6) for a 
        fiscal year shall be obligated under this section, in 
        proportion to their relative shares of the population of the 
        State--
                ``(i) in urbanized areas of the State with an urbanized 
            area population of over 200,000;
                ``(ii) in areas of the State other than urban areas 
            with a population greater than 5,000; and
                ``(iii) in other areas of the State; and
            ``(B) the remainder may be obligated in any area of the 
        State.
        ``(2) Metropolitan areas.--Funds attributed to an urbanized 
    area under paragraph (1)(A)(i) may be obligated in the metropolitan 
    area established under section 134 that encompasses the urbanized 
    area.
        ``(3) Consultation with regional transportation planning 
    organizations.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(A)(iii), before 
    obligating funding attributed to an area with a population greater 
    than 5,000 and less than 200,000, a State shall consult with the 
    regional transportation planning organizations that represent the 
    area, if any.
        ``(4) Distribution among urbanized areas of over 200,000 
    population.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        the amount of funds that a State is required to obligate under 
        paragraph (1)(A)(i) shall be obligated in urbanized areas 
        described in paragraph (1)(A)(i) based on the relative 
        population of the areas.
            ``(B) Other factors.--The State may obligate the funds 
        described in subparagraph (A) based on other factors if the 
        State and the relevant metropolitan planning organizations 
        jointly apply to the Secretary for the permission to base the 
        obligation on other factors and the Secretary grants the 
        request.
        ``(5) Applicability of planning requirements.--Programming and 
    expenditure of funds for projects under this section shall be 
    consistent with sections 134 and 135.
        ``(6) Percentage.--The percentage referred to in paragraph 
    (1)(A) is--
            ``(A) for fiscal year 2016, 51 percent;
            ``(B) for fiscal year 2017, 52 percent;
            ``(C) for fiscal year 2018, 53 percent;
            ``(D) for fiscal year 2019, 54 percent; and
            ``(E) for fiscal year 2020, 55 percent.'';
        (2) by striking the section heading and inserting ``Surface 
    transportation block grant program'';
        (3) by striking subsection (e);
        (4) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as subsections 
    (e) through (g), respectively;
        (5) in subsection (e)(1), as redesignated by this subsection--
            (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting ``104(b)(2)''; 
        and
            (B) by striking ``fiscal years 2011 through 2014'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 2020'';
        (6) in subsection (g)(1), as redesignated by this subsection, 
    by striking ``under subsection (d)(1)(A)(iii) for each of fiscal 
    years 2013 through 2014'' and inserting ``under subsection 
    (d)(1)(A)(ii) for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) STP Set-Aside.--
        ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds apportioned to a 
    State under section 104(b)(2) for each fiscal year, the Secretary 
    shall reserve an amount such that--
            ``(A) the Secretary reserves a total under this subsection 
        of--
                ``(i) $835,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 and 
            2017; and
                ``(ii) $850,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 
            through 2020; and
            ``(B) the State's share of that total is determined by 
        multiplying the amount under subparagraph (A) by the ratio 
        that--
                ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State for the 
            transportation enhancements program for fiscal year 2009 
            under section 133(d)(2), as in effect on the day before the 
            date of enactment of MAP-21; bears to
                ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned to all 
            States for the transportation enhancements program for 
            fiscal year 2009.
        ``(2) Allocation within a state.--Funds reserved for a State 
    under paragraph (1) shall be obligated within that State in the 
    manner described in subsection (d), except that, for purposes of 
    this paragraph (after funds are made available under paragraph 
    (5))--
            ``(A) for each fiscal year, the percentage referred to in 
        paragraph (1)(A) of that subsection shall be deemed to be 50 
        percent; and
            ``(B) the following provisions shall not apply:
                ``(i) Paragraph (3) of subsection (d).
                ``(ii) Subsection (e).
        ``(3) Eligible projects.--Funds reserved under this subsection 
    may be obligated for projects or activities described in section 
    101(a)(29) or 213, as such provisions were in effect on the day 
    before the date of enactment of the FAST Act.
        ``(4) Access to funds.--
            ``(A) In general.--A State or metropolitan planning 
        organization required to obligate funds in accordance with 
        paragraph (2) shall develop a competitive process to allow 
        eligible entities to submit projects for funding that achieve 
        the objectives of this subsection. A metropolitan planning 
        organization for an area described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) 
        shall select projects under such process in consultation with 
        the relevant State.
            ``(B) Eligible entity defined.--In this paragraph, the term 
        `eligible entity' means--
                ``(i) a local government;
                ``(ii) a regional transportation authority;
                ``(iii) a transit agency;
                ``(iv) a natural resource or public land agency;
                ``(v) a school district, local education agency, or 
            school;
                ``(vi) a tribal government;
                ``(vii) a nonprofit entity responsible for the 
            administration of local transportation safety programs; and
                ``(viii) any other local or regional governmental 
            entity with responsibility for or oversight of 
            transportation or recreational trails (other than a 
            metropolitan planning organization or a State agency) that 
            the State determines to be eligible, consistent with the 
            goals of this subsection.
        ``(5) Continuation of certain recreational trails projects.--
    For each fiscal year, a State shall--
            ``(A) obligate an amount of funds reserved under this 
        section equal to the amount of the funds apportioned to the 
        State for fiscal year 2009 under section 104(h)(2), as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21, for 
        projects relating to recreational trails under section 206;
            ``(B) return 1 percent of those funds to the Secretary for 
        the administration of that program; and
            ``(C) comply with the provisions of the administration of 
        the recreational trails program under section 206, including 
        the use of apportioned funds described in subsection (d)(3)(A) 
        of that section.
        ``(6) State flexibility.--
            ``(A) Recreational trails.--A State may opt out of the 
        recreational trails program under paragraph (5) if the Governor 
        of the State notifies the Secretary not later than 30 days 
        prior to apportionments being made for any fiscal year.
            ``(B) Large urbanized areas.--A metropolitan planning area 
        may use not to exceed 50 percent of the funds reserved under 
        this subsection for an urbanized area described in subsection 
        (d)(1)(A)(i) for any purpose eligible under subsection (b).
        ``(7) Annual reports.--
            ``(A) In general.--Each State or metropolitan planning 
        organization responsible for carrying out the requirements of 
        this subsection shall submit to the Secretary an annual report 
        that describes--
                ``(i) the number of project applications received for 
            each fiscal year, including--

                    ``(I) the aggregate cost of the projects for which 
                applications are received; and
                    ``(II) the types of projects to be carried out, 
                expressed as percentages of the total apportionment of 
                the State under this subsection; and

                ``(ii) the number of projects selected for funding for 
            each fiscal year, including the aggregate cost and location 
            of projects selected.
            ``(B) Public availability.--The Secretary shall make 
        available to the public, in a user-friendly format on the Web 
        site of the Department of Transportation, a copy of each annual 
        report submitted under subparagraph (A).
    ``(i) Treatment of Projects.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, projects funded under this section (excluding those carried out 
under subsection (h)(5)) shall be treated as projects on a Federal-aid 
highway under this chapter.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 126.--Section 126(b)(2) of title 23, United States 
    Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking ``section 213'' and inserting ``section 
        133(h)''; and
            (B) by striking ``section 213(c)(1)(B)'' and inserting 
        ``section 133(h)''.
        (2) Section 213.--Section 213 of title 23, United States Code, 
    is repealed.
        (3) Section 322.--Section 322(h)(3) of title 23, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking ``surface transportation program'' and 
    inserting ``surface transportation block grant program''.
        (4) Section 504.--Section 504(a)(4) of title 23, United States 
    Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting ``104(b)(2)''; 
        and
            (B) by striking ``surface transportation program'' and 
        inserting ``surface transportation block grant program''.
        (5) Chapter 1.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking ``surface transportation program'' each place 
    it appears and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
    program''.
        (6) Chapter analyses.--
            (A) Chapter 1.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 133 and inserting the following:

``133. Surface transportation block grant program.''.

            (B) Chapter 2.--The item relating to section 213 in the 
        analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is 
        repealed.
        (7) Other references.--Any reference in any other law, 
    regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United States 
    to the surface transportation program under section 133 of title 
    23, United States Code, shall be deemed to be a reference to the 
    surface transportation block grant program under such section.
SEC. 1110. HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS.
    Section 143(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (2)(A) and inserting the following:
            ``(A) In general.--From administrative funds made available 
        under section 104(a), the Secretary may deduct such sums as are 
        necessary, not to exceed $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2016 through 2020, to carry out this section.'';
        (2) in the heading for paragraph (8) by inserting ``block 
    grant'' after ``surface transportation''; and
        (3) in paragraph (9) by inserting ``, the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, 
    and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate'' 
    after ``the Secretary''.
SEC. 1111. BUNDLING OF BRIDGE PROJECTS.
    Section 144 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(2)(A) by striking ``the natural condition 
    of the bridge'' and inserting ``the natural condition of the 
    water'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (k);
        (3) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:
    ``(j) Bundling of Bridge Projects.--
        ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to save costs 
    and time by encouraging States to bundle multiple bridge projects 
    as 1 project.
        ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    `eligible entity' means an entity eligible to carry out a bridge 
    project under section 119 or 133.
        ``(3) Bundling of bridge projects.--An eligible entity may 
    bundle 2 or more similar bridge projects that are--
            ``(A) eligible projects under section 119 or 133;
            ``(B) included as a bundled project in a transportation 
        improvement program under section 134(j) or a statewide 
        transportation improvement program under section 135, as 
        applicable; and
            ``(C) awarded to a single contractor or consultant pursuant 
        to a contract for engineering and design or construction 
        between the contractor and an eligible entity.
        ``(4) Itemization.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law 
    (including regulations), a bundling of bridge projects under this 
    subsection may be listed as--
            ``(A) 1 project for purposes of sections 134 and 135; and
            ``(B) a single project.
        ``(5) Financial characteristics.--Projects bundled under this 
    subsection shall have the same financial characteristics, 
    including--
            ``(A) the same funding category or subcategory; and
            ``(B) the same Federal share.
        ``(6) Engineering cost reimbursement.--The provisions of 
    section 102(b) do not apply to projects carried out under this 
    subsection.''; and
        (4) in subsection (k)(2), as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
    this section, by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
    ``104(b)(2)''.
SEC. 1112. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES.
    (a) Construction of Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities.--
Section 147 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), in the subsection heading, by striking 
    ``In General.--'' and inserting ``Program.--''; and
        (2) by striking subsections (d) through (g) and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(d) Formula.--Of the amounts allocated under subsection (c)--
        ``(1) 35 percent shall be allocated among eligible entities in 
    the proportion that--
            ``(A) the number of ferry passengers, including passengers 
        in vehicles, carried by each ferry system in the most recent 
        calendar year for which data is available; bears to
            ``(B) the number of ferry passengers, including passengers 
        in vehicles, carried by all ferry systems in the most recent 
        calendar year for which data is available;
        ``(2) 35 percent shall be allocated among eligible entities in 
    the proportion that--
            ``(A) the number of vehicles carried by each ferry system 
        in the most recent calendar year for which data is available; 
        bears to
            ``(B) the number of vehicles carried by all ferry systems 
        in the most recent calendar year for which data is available; 
        and
        ``(3) 30 percent shall be allocated among eligible entities in 
    the proportion that--
            ``(A) the total route nautical miles serviced by each ferry 
        system in the most recent calendar year for which data is 
        available; bears to
            ``(B) the total route nautical miles serviced by all ferry 
        systems in the most recent calendar year for which data is 
        available.
    ``(e) Redistribution of Unobligated Amounts.--The Secretary shall--
        ``(1) withdraw amounts allocated to an eligible entity under 
    subsection (c) that remain unobligated by the end of the third 
    fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the amounts were 
    allocated; and
        ``(2) in the subsequent fiscal year, redistribute the amounts 
    referred to in paragraph (1) in accordance with the formula under 
    subsection (d) among eligible entities for which no amounts were 
    withdrawn under paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Minimum Amount.--Notwithstanding subsection (c), a State with 
an eligible entity that meets the requirements of this section shall 
receive not less than $100,000 under this section for a fiscal year.
    ``(g) Implementation.--
        ``(1) Data collection.--
            ``(A) National ferry database.--Amounts made available for 
        a fiscal year under this section shall be allocated using the 
        most recent data available, as collected and imputed in 
        accordance with the national ferry database established under 
        section 1801(e) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note).
            ``(B) Eligibility for funding.--To be eligible to receive 
        funds under subsection (c), data shall have been submitted in 
        the most recent collection of data for the national ferry 
        database under section 1801(e) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 
        note) for at least 1 ferry service within the State.
        ``(2) Adjustments.--On review of the data submitted under 
    paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary may make adjustments to the data as 
    the Secretary determines necessary to correct misreported or 
    inconsistent data.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) to carry out this section $80,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020.
    ``(i) Period of Availability.--Notwithstanding section 118(b), 
funds made available to carry out this section shall remain available 
until expended.
    ``(j) Applicability.--All provisions of this chapter that are 
applicable to the National Highway System, other than provisions 
relating to apportionment formula and Federal share, shall apply to 
funds made available to carry out this section, except as determined by 
the Secretary to be inconsistent with this section.''.
    (b) National Ferry Database.--Section 1801(e)(4) of SAFETEA-LU (23 
U.S.C. 129 note) is amended by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting 
the following:
            ``(D) make available, from the amounts made available for 
        each fiscal year to carry out chapter 63 of title 49, not more 
        than $500,000 to maintain the database.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 129(c) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), in the first sentence, by inserting ``or 
    on a public transit ferry eligible under chapter 53 of title 49'' 
    after ``Interstate System'';
        (2) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) by striking ``(3) Such ferry'' and inserting ``(3)(A) 
        The ferry''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(B) Any Federal participation shall not involve the 
    construction or purchase, for private ownership, of a ferry boat, 
    ferry terminal facility, or other eligible project under this 
    section.'';
        (3) in paragraph (4) by striking ``and repair,'' and inserting 
    ``repair,''; and
        (4) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
        ``(6) The ferry service shall be maintained in accordance with 
    section 116.
        ``(7)(A) No ferry boat or ferry terminal with Federal 
    participation under this title may be sold, leased, or otherwise 
    disposed of, except in accordance with part 200 of title 2, Code of 
    Federal Regulations.
        ``(B) The Federal share of any proceeds from a disposition 
    referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be used for eligible purposes 
    under this title.''.
SEC. 1113. HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 148 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
            ``includes, but is not limited to,'' and inserting ``only 
            includes''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(xxv) Installation of vehicle-to-infrastructure 
            communication equipment.
                ``(xxvi) Pedestrian hybrid beacons.
                ``(xxvii) Roadway improvements that provide separation 
            between pedestrians and motor vehicles, including medians 
            and pedestrian crossing islands.
                ``(xxviii) A physical infrastructure safety project not 
            described in clauses (i) through (xxvii).'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (10); and
            (C) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (13) as 
        paragraphs (10) through (12), respectively;
        (2) in subsection (c)(1)(A) by striking ``subsections (a)(12)'' 
    and inserting ``subsections (a)(11)'';
        (3) in subsection (d)(2)(B)(i) by striking ``subsection 
    (a)(12)'' and inserting ``subsection (a)(11)''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Data Collection on Unpaved Public Roads.--
        ``(1) In general.--A State may elect not to collect fundamental 
    data elements for the model inventory of roadway elements on public 
    roads that are gravel roads or otherwise unpaved if--
            ``(A) the State does not use funds provided to carry out 
        this section for a project on any such roads until the State 
        completes a collection of the required model inventory of 
        roadway elements for the applicable road segment; and
            ``(B) the State demonstrates that the State consulted with 
        affected Indian tribes before ceasing to collect data with 
        respect to such roads that are included in the National Tribal 
        Transportation Facility Inventory under section 202(b)(1) of 
        this title.
        ``(2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection may be 
    construed to allow a State to cease data collection related to 
    serious injuries or fatalities.''.
    (b) Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Best Practices.--
        (1) Review.--The Secretary shall conduct a review of best 
    practices with respect to the implementation of roadway safety 
    infrastructure improvements that--
            (A) are cost effective; and
            (B) reduce the number or severity of accidents involving 
        commercial motor vehicles.
        (2) Consultation.--In conducting the review under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall consult with State transportation 
    departments and units of local government.
        (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
    of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
    and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
    report describing the results of the review conducted under 
    paragraph (1).
SEC. 1114. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.
    Section 149 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A)(i)(I) by inserting ``in the 
        designated nonattainment area'' after ``air quality standard'';
            (B) in paragraph (3) by inserting ``or maintenance'' after 
        ``likely to contribute to the attainment'';
            (C) in paragraph (4) by striking ``attainment of'' and 
        inserting ``attainment or maintenance in the area of'';
            (D) in paragraph (7) by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (E) in paragraph (8)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--

                    (I) in the matter preceding subclause (I) by 
                inserting ``or port-related freight operations'' after 
                ``construction projects''; and
                    (II) in subclause (II) by inserting ``or chapter 53 
                of title 49'' after ``this title''; and

                (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (F) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(9) if the project or program is for the installation of 
    vehicle-to-infrastructure communication equipment.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(2) by inserting ``(giving priority to 
    corridors designated under section 151)'' after ``at any location 
    in the State'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1)(B) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(B) is eligible under the surface transportation block 
        grant program under section 133.'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) in the matter preceding clause (i) by inserting 
                ``would otherwise be eligible under subsection (b) if 
                the project were carried out in a nonattainment or 
                maintenance area or'' after ``may use for any project 
                that''; and
                    (II) in clause (i) by striking ``paragraph (l)'' 
                and inserting ``subsection (k)(1)''; and

                (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i) by striking ``MAP-21t'' and 
            inserting ``MAP-21''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3) by inserting ``, in a manner 
        consistent with the approach that was in effect on the day 
        before the date of enactment of MAP-21,'' after ``the Secretary 
        shall modify'';
        (4) in subsection (g)(2)(B) by striking ``not later that'' and 
    inserting ``not later than'';
        (5) in subsection (k) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) PM2.5 nonattainment and maintenance in low population 
    density states.--
            ``(A) Exception.--In any State with a population density of 
        80 or fewer persons per square mile of land area, based on the 
        most recent decennial census, the requirements under subsection 
        (g)(3) and paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection shall not 
        apply to a nonattainment or maintenance area in the State if--
                ``(i) the nonattainment or maintenance area does not 
            have projects that are part of the emissions analysis of a 
            metropolitan transportation plan or transportation 
            improvement program; and
                ``(ii) regional motor vehicle emissions are an 
            insignificant contributor to the air quality problem for 
            PM2.5 in the nonattainment or maintenance area.
            ``(B) Calculation.--If subparagraph (A) applies to a 
        nonattainment or maintenance area in a State, the percentage of 
        the PM2.5 set-aside under paragraph (1) shall be reduced for 
        that State proportionately based on the weighted population of 
        the area in fine particulate matter nonattainment.
        ``(4) Port-related equipment and vehicles.--To meet the 
    requirements under paragraph (1), a State or metropolitan planning 
    organization may elect to obligate funds to the most cost-effective 
    projects to reduce emissions from port-related landside nonroad or 
    on-road equipment that is operated within the boundaries of a PM2.5 
    nonattainment or maintenance area.'';
        (6) in subsection (l)(1)(B) by inserting ``air quality and 
    traffic congestion'' before ``performance targets''; and
        (7) in subsection (m) by striking ``section 104(b)(2)'' and 
    inserting ``section 104(b)(4)''.
SEC. 1115. TERRITORIAL AND PUERTO RICO HIGHWAY PROGRAM.
    Section 165(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``$150,000,000'' and inserting 
    ``$158,000,000''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ``$40,000,000'' and inserting 
    ``$42,000,000''.
SEC. 1116. NATIONAL HIGHWAY FREIGHT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 167 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 167. National highway freight program
    ``(a) In General.--
        ``(1) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to improve 
    the condition and performance of the National Highway Freight 
    Network established under this section to ensure that the Network 
    provides the foundation for the United States to compete in the 
    global economy and achieve the goals described in subsection (b).
        ``(2) Establishment.--In support of the goals described in 
    subsection (b), the Administrator of the Federal Highway 
    Administration shall establish a national highway freight program 
    in accordance with this section to improve the efficient movement 
    of freight on the National Highway Freight Network.
    ``(b) Goals.--The goals of the national highway freight program 
are--
        ``(1) to invest in infrastructure improvements and to implement 
    operational improvements on the highways of the United States 
    that--
            ``(A) strengthen the contribution of the National Highway 
        Freight Network to the economic competitiveness of the United 
        States;
            ``(B) reduce congestion and bottlenecks on the National 
        Highway Freight Network;
            ``(C) reduce the cost of freight transportation;
            ``(D) improve the year-round reliability of freight 
        transportation; and
            ``(E) increase productivity, particularly for domestic 
        industries and businesses that create high-value jobs;
        ``(2) to improve the safety, security, efficiency, and 
    resiliency of freight transportation in rural and urban areas;
        ``(3) to improve the state of good repair of the National 
    Highway Freight Network;
        ``(4) to use innovation and advanced technology to improve the 
    safety, efficiency, and reliability of the National Highway Freight 
    Network;
        ``(5) to improve the efficiency and productivity of the 
    National Highway Freight Network;
        ``(6) to improve the flexibility of States to support multi-
    State corridor planning and the creation of multi-State 
    organizations to increase the ability of States to address highway 
    freight connectivity; and
        ``(7) to reduce the environmental impacts of freight movement 
    on the National Highway Freight Network.
    ``(c) Establishment of National Highway Freight Network.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall establish a National 
    Highway Freight Network in accordance with this section to 
    strategically direct Federal resources and policies toward improved 
    performance of the Network.
        ``(2) Network components.--The National Highway Freight Network 
    shall consist of--
            ``(A) the primary highway freight system, as designated 
        under subsection (d);
            ``(B) critical rural freight corridors established under 
        subsection (e);
            ``(C) critical urban freight corridors established under 
        subsection (f); and
            ``(D) the portions of the Interstate System not designated 
        as part of the primary highway freight system.
    ``(d) Designation and Redesignation of the Primary Highway Freight 
System.--
        ``(1) Initial designation of primary highway freight system.--
    The initial designation of the primary highway freight system shall 
    be the 41,518-mile network identified during the designation 
    process for the primary freight network under section 167(d) of 
    this title, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
    the FAST Act.
        ``(2) Redesignation of primary highway freight system.--
            ``(A) In general.--Beginning 5 years after the date of 
        enactment of the FAST Act, and every 5 years thereafter, using 
        the designation factors described in subparagraph (E), the 
        Administrator shall redesignate the primary highway freight 
        system.
            ``(B) Redesignation mileage.--Each redesignation may 
        increase the mileage on the primary highway freight system by 
        not more than 3 percent of the total mileage of the system.
            ``(C) Use of measurable data.--In redesignating the primary 
        highway freight system, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
        Administrator shall use measurable data to assess the 
        significance of goods movement, including consideration of 
        points of origin, destinations, and linking components of the 
        United States global and domestic supply chains.
            ``(D) Input.--In redesignating the primary highway freight 
        system, the Administrator shall provide an opportunity for 
        State freight advisory committees, as applicable, to submit 
        additional miles for consideration.
            ``(E) Factors for redesignation.--In redesignating the 
        primary highway freight system, the Administrator shall 
        consider--
                ``(i) changes in the origins and destinations of 
            freight movement in, to, and from the United States;
                ``(ii) changes in the percentage of annual daily truck 
            traffic in the annual average daily traffic on principal 
            arterials;
                ``(iii) changes in the location of key facilities;
                ``(iv) land and water ports of entry;
                ``(v) access to energy exploration, development, 
            installation, or production areas;
                ``(vi) access to other freight intermodal facilities, 
            including rail, air, water, and pipelines facilities;
                ``(vii) the total freight tonnage and value moved via 
            highways;
                ``(viii) significant freight bottlenecks, as identified 
            by the Administrator;
                ``(ix) the significance of goods movement on principal 
            arterials, including consideration of global and domestic 
            supply chains;
                ``(x) critical emerging freight corridors and critical 
            commerce corridors; and
                ``(xi) network connectivity.
    ``(e) Critical Rural Freight Corridors.--
        ``(1) In general.--A State may designate a public road within 
    the borders of the State as a critical rural freight corridor if 
    the public road is not in an urbanized area and--
            ``(A) is a rural principal arterial roadway and has a 
        minimum of 25 percent of the annual average daily traffic of 
        the road measured in passenger vehicle equivalent units from 
        trucks (Federal Highway Administration vehicle class 8 to 13);
            ``(B) provides access to energy exploration, development, 
        installation, or production areas;
            ``(C) connects the primary highway freight system, a 
        roadway described in subparagraph (A) or (B), or the Interstate 
        System to facilities that handle more than--
                ``(i) 50,000 20-foot equivalent units per year; or
                ``(ii) 500,000 tons per year of bulk commodities;
            ``(D) provides access to--
                ``(i) a grain elevator;
                ``(ii) an agricultural facility;
                ``(iii) a mining facility;
                ``(iv) a forestry facility; or
                ``(v) an intermodal facility;
            ``(E) connects to an international port of entry;
            ``(F) provides access to significant air, rail, water, or 
        other freight facilities in the State; or
            ``(G) is, in the determination of the State, vital to 
        improving the efficient movement of freight of importance to 
        the economy of the State.
        ``(2) Limitation.--A State may designate as critical rural 
    freight corridors a maximum of 150 miles of highway or 20 percent 
    of the primary highway freight system mileage in the State, 
    whichever is greater.
    ``(f) Critical Urban Freight Corridors.--
        ``(1) Urbanized area with population of 500,000 or more.--In an 
    urbanized area with a population of 500,000 or more individuals, 
    the representative metropolitan planning organization, in 
    consultation with the State, may designate a public road within the 
    borders of that area of the State as a critical urban freight 
    corridor.
        ``(2) Urbanized area with a population less than 500,000.--In 
    an urbanized area with a population of less than 500,000 
    individuals, the State, in consultation with the representative 
    metropolitan planning organization, may designate a public road 
    within the borders of that area of the State as a critical urban 
    freight corridor.
        ``(3) Requirements for designation.--A designation may be made 
    under paragraph (1) or (2) if the public road--
            ``(A) is in an urbanized area, regardless of population; 
        and
            ``(B)(i) connects an intermodal facility to--
                ``(I) the primary highway freight system;
                ``(II) the Interstate System; or
                ``(III) an intermodal freight facility;
            ``(ii) is located within a corridor of a route on the 
        primary highway freight system and provides an alternative 
        highway option important to goods movement;
            ``(iii) serves a major freight generator, logistic center, 
        or manufacturing and warehouse industrial land; or
            ``(iv) is important to the movement of freight within the 
        region, as determined by the metropolitan planning organization 
        or the State.
        ``(4) Limitation.--For each State, a maximum of 75 miles of 
    highway or 10 percent of the primary highway freight system mileage 
    in the State, whichever is greater, may be designated as a critical 
    urban freight corridor under paragraphs (1) and (2).
    ``(g) Designation and Certification.--
        ``(1) Designation.--States and metropolitan planning 
    organizations may designate corridors under subsections (e) and (f) 
    and submit the designated corridors to the Administrator on a 
    rolling basis.
        ``(2) Certification.--Each State or metropolitan planning 
    organization that designates a corridor under subsection (e) or (f) 
    shall certify to the Administrator that the designated corridor 
    meets the requirements of the applicable subsection.
    ``(h) Highway Freight Transportation Conditions and Performance 
Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the 
FAST Act, and biennially thereafter, the Administrator shall prepare 
and submit to Congress a report that describes the conditions and 
performance of the National Highway Freight Network in the United 
States.
    ``(i) Use of Apportioned Funds.--
        ``(1) In general.--A State shall obligate funds apportioned to 
    the State under section 104(b)(5) to improve the movement of 
    freight on the National Highway Freight Network.
        ``(2) Formula.--The Administrator shall calculate for each 
    State the proportion that--
            ``(A) the total mileage in the State designated as part of 
        the primary highway freight system; bears to
            ``(B) the total mileage of the primary highway freight 
        system in all States.
        ``(3) Use of funds.--
            ``(A) States with high primary highway freight system 
        mileage.--If the proportion of a State under paragraph (2) is 
        greater than or equal to 2 percent, the State may obligate 
        funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(5) for 
        projects on--
                ``(i) the primary highway freight system;
                ``(ii) critical rural freight corridors; and
                ``(iii) critical urban freight corridors.
            ``(B) States with low primary highway freight system 
        mileage.--If the proportion of a State under paragraph (2) is 
        less than 2 percent, the State may obligate funds apportioned 
        to the State under section 104(b)(5) for projects on any 
        component of the National Highway Freight Network.
        ``(4) Freight planning.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
    law, effective beginning 2 years after the date of enactment of the 
    FAST Act, a State may not obligate funds apportioned to the State 
    under section 104(b)(5) unless the State has developed a freight 
    plan in accordance with section 70202 of title 49, except that the 
    multimodal component of the plan may be incomplete before an 
    obligation may be made under this section.
        ``(5) Eligibility.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in this subsection, 
        for a project to be eligible for funding under this section the 
        project shall--
                ``(i) contribute to the efficient movement of freight 
            on the National Highway Freight Network; and
                ``(ii) be identified in a freight investment plan 
            included in a freight plan of the State that is in effect.
            ``(B) Other projects.--For each fiscal year, a State may 
        obligate not more than 10 percent of the total apportionment of 
        the State under section 104(b)(5) for freight intermodal or 
        freight rail projects, including projects--
                ``(i) within the boundaries of public or private 
            freight rail or water facilities (including ports); and
                ``(ii) that provide surface transportation 
            infrastructure necessary to facilitate direct intermodal 
            interchange, transfer, and access into or out of the 
            facility.
            ``(C) Eligible projects.--Funds apportioned to the State 
        under section 104(b)(5) for the national highway freight 
        program may be obligated to carry out 1 or more of the 
        following:
                ``(i) Development phase activities, including planning, 
            feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
            review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
            preconstruction activities.
                ``(ii) Construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
            acquisition of real property (including land relating to 
            the project and improvements to land), construction 
            contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and operational 
            improvements directly relating to improving system 
            performance.
                ``(iii) Intelligent transportation systems and other 
            technology to improve the flow of freight, including 
            intelligent freight transportation systems.
                ``(iv) Efforts to reduce the environmental impacts of 
            freight movement.
                ``(v) Environmental and community mitigation for 
            freight movement.
                ``(vi) Railway-highway grade separation.
                ``(vii) Geometric improvements to interchanges and 
            ramps.
                ``(viii) Truck-only lanes.
                ``(ix) Climbing and runaway truck lanes.
                ``(x) Adding or widening of shoulders.
                ``(xi) Truck parking facilities eligible for funding 
            under section 1401 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 137 note).
                ``(xii) Real-time traffic, truck parking, roadway 
            condition, and multimodal transportation information 
            systems.
                ``(xiii) Electronic screening and credentialing systems 
            for vehicles, including weigh-in-motion truck inspection 
            technologies.
                ``(xiv) Traffic signal optimization, including 
            synchronized and adaptive signals.
                ``(xv) Work zone management and information systems.
                ``(xvi) Highway ramp metering.
                ``(xvii) Electronic cargo and border security 
            technologies that improve truck freight movement.
                ``(xviii) Intelligent transportation systems that would 
            increase truck freight efficiencies inside the boundaries 
            of intermodal facilities.
                ``(xix) Additional road capacity to address highway 
            freight bottlenecks.
                ``(xx) Physical separation of passenger vehicles from 
            commercial motor freight.
                ``(xxi) Enhancement of the resiliency of critical 
            highway infrastructure, including highway infrastructure 
            that supports national energy security, to improve the flow 
            of freight.
                ``(xxii) A highway or bridge project, other than a 
            project described in clauses (i) through (xxi), to improve 
            the flow of freight on the National Highway Freight 
            Network.
                ``(xxiii) Any other surface transportation project to 
            improve the flow of freight into and out of a facility 
            described in subparagraph (B).
        ``(6) Other eligible costs.--In addition to the eligible 
    projects identified in paragraph (5), a State may use funds 
    apportioned under section 104(b)(5) for--
            ``(A) carrying out diesel retrofit or alternative fuel 
        projects under section 149 for class 8 vehicles; and
            ``(B) the necessary costs of--
                ``(i) conducting analyses and data collection related 
            to the national highway freight program;
                ``(ii) developing and updating performance targets to 
            carry out this section; and
                ``(iii) reporting to the Administrator to comply with 
            the freight performance target under section 150.
        ``(7) Applicability of planning requirements.--Programming and 
    expenditure of funds for projects under this section shall be 
    consistent with the requirements of sections 134 and 135.
    ``(j) State Performance Targets.--If the Administrator determines 
that a State has not met or made significant progress toward meeting 
the performance targets related to freight movement of the State 
established under section 150(d) by the date that is 2 years after the 
date of the establishment of the performance targets, the State shall 
include in the next report submitted under section 150(e) a description 
of the actions the State will undertake to achieve the targets, 
including--
        ``(1) an identification of significant freight system trends, 
    needs, and issues within the State;
        ``(2) a description of the freight policies and strategies that 
    will guide the freight-related transportation investments of the 
    State;
        ``(3) an inventory of freight bottlenecks within the State and 
    a description of the ways in which the State is allocating national 
    highway freight program funds to improve those bottlenecks; and
        ``(4) a description of the actions the State will undertake to 
    meet the performance targets of the State.
    ``(k) Intelligent Freight Transportation System.--
        ``(1) Definition of intelligent freight transportation 
    system.--In this section, the term `intelligent freight 
    transportation system' means--
            ``(A) innovative or intelligent technological 
        transportation systems, infrastructure, or facilities, 
        including elevated freight transportation facilities--
                ``(i) in proximity to, or within, an existing right of 
            way on a Federal-aid highway; or
                ``(ii) that connect land ports-of entry to existing 
            Federal-aid highways; or
            ``(B) communications or information processing systems that 
        improve the efficiency, security, or safety of freight 
        movements on the Federal-aid highway system, including to 
        improve the conveyance of freight on dedicated intelligent 
        freight lanes.
        ``(2) Operating standards.--The Administrator shall determine 
    whether there is a need for establishing operating standards for 
    intelligent freight transportation systems.
    ``(l) Treatment of Freight Projects.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a freight project carried out under this section 
shall be treated as if the project were on a Federal-aid highway.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
167 and inserting the following:

``167. National highway freight program.''.

    (c) Repeals.--Sections 1116, 1117, and 1118 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 
167 note), and the items relating to such sections in the table of 
contents in section 1(c) of such Act, are repealed.
SEC. 1117. FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Tribal Data Collection.--Section 201(c)(6) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Tribal data collection.--In addition to the data to 
        be collected under subparagraph (A), not later than 90 days 
        after the last day of each fiscal year, any entity carrying out 
        a project under the tribal transportation program under section 
        202 shall submit to the Secretary and the Secretary of the 
        Interior, based on obligations and expenditures under the 
        tribal transportation program during the preceding fiscal year, 
        the following data:
                ``(i) The names of projects and activities carried out 
            by the entity under the tribal transportation program 
            during the preceding fiscal year.
                ``(ii) A description of the projects and activities 
            identified under clause (i).
                ``(iii) The current status of the projects and 
            activities identified under clause (i).
                ``(iv) An estimate of the number of jobs created and 
            the number of jobs retained by the projects and activities 
            identified under clause (i).''.
    (b) Report on Tribal Government Transportation Safety Data.--
        (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (A) in many States, the Native American population is 
        disproportionately represented in fatalities and crash 
        statistics;
            (B) improved crash reporting by tribal law enforcement 
        agencies would facilitate safety planning and would enable 
        Indian tribes to apply more successfully for State and Federal 
        funds for safety improvements;
            (C) the causes of underreporting of crashes on Indian 
        reservations include--
                (i) tribal law enforcement capacity, including--

                    (I) staffing shortages and turnover; and
                    (II) lack of equipment, software, and training; and

                (ii) lack of standardization in crash reporting forms 
            and protocols; and
            (D) without more accurate reporting of crashes on Indian 
        reservations, it is difficult or impossible to fully understand 
        the nature of the problem and develop appropriate 
        countermeasures, which may include effective transportation 
        safety planning and programs aimed at--
                (i) driving under the influence (DUI) prevention;
                (ii) pedestrian safety;
                (iii) roadway safety improvements;
                (iv) seat belt usage; and
                (v) proper use of child restraints.
        (2) Report to congress.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, after consultation with 
        the Secretary of Interior, the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services, the Attorney General, and Indian tribes, shall submit 
        to the Committee on Environment and Public Works and the 
        Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Natural 
        Resources of the House of Representatives a report describing 
        the quality of transportation safety data collected by States, 
        counties, and Indian tribes for transportation safety systems 
        and the relevance of that data to improving the collection and 
        sharing of data on crashes on Indian reservations.
            (B) Purposes.--The purposes of the report are--
                (i) to improve the collection and sharing of data on 
            crashes on Indian reservations; and
                (ii) to develop data that Indian tribes can use to 
            recover damages to tribal property caused by motorists.
            (C) Paperless data reporting.--In preparing the report, the 
        Secretary shall provide States, counties, and Indian tribes 
        with options and best practices for transition to a paperless 
        transportation safety data reporting system that--
                (i) improves the collection of crash reports;
                (ii) stores, archives, queries, and shares crash 
            records; and
                (iii) uses data exclusively--

                    (I) to address traffic safety issues on Indian 
                reservations; and
                    (II) to identify and improve problem areas on 
                public roads on Indian reservations.

            (D) Additional budgetary resources.--The Secretary shall 
        include in the report the identification of Federal 
        transportation funds provided to Indian tribes by agencies in 
        addition to the Department and the Department of the Interior.
    (c) Study on Bureau of Indian Affairs Road Safety.--Not later than 
2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Interior, the Attorney General, 
States, and Indian tribes shall--
        (1) complete a study that identifies and evaluates options for 
    improving safety on public roads on Indian reservations; and
        (2) submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works and 
    the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Natural 
    Resources of the House of Representatives a report describing the 
    results of the study.
SEC. 1118. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM AMENDMENT.
    Section 202 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(6) by striking ``6 percent'' and 
    inserting ``5 percent''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)(2) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
    (A) by striking ``2 percent'' and inserting ``3 percent''.
SEC. 1119. FEDERAL LANDS TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.
    Section 203 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``operation'' and 
        inserting ``capital, operations,''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``subparagraph 
        (A)(iv)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A)(iv)(I)'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                (i) in clause (iv) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in clause (v) by striking the period at the end 
            and inserting a semicolon; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(vi) the Bureau of Reclamation; and
                ``(vii) independent Federal agencies with natural 
            resource and land management responsibilities.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i) by inserting 
            ``performance management, including'' after ``support''; 
            and
                (ii) in clause (i)(II) by striking ``, and'' and 
            inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) in subsection (c)(2)(B) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(vi) The Bureau of Reclamation.''.
SEC. 1120. FEDERAL LANDS PROGRAMMATIC ACTIVITIES.
    Section 201(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (6)(A)--
            (A) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subclauses (I) 
        and (II), respectively (and by moving the subclauses 2 ems to 
        the right);
            (B) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``The Secretaries'' and inserting 
        the following:
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretaries'';
            (C) by inserting a period after ``tribal transportation 
        program''; and
            (D) by striking ``in accordance with'' and all that follows 
        through ``including--'' and inserting the following:
                ``(ii) Requirement.--Data collected to implement the 
            tribal transportation program shall be in accordance with 
            the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act 
            (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.).
                ``(iii) Inclusions.--Data collected under this 
            paragraph includes--''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the following--
        ``(7) Cooperative research and technology deployment.--The 
    Secretary may conduct cooperative research and technology 
    deployment in coordination with Federal land management agencies, 
    as determined appropriate by the Secretary.
        ``(8) Funding.--
            ``(A) In general.--To carry out the activities described in 
        this subsection for Federal lands transportation facilities, 
        Federal lands access transportation facilities, and other 
        federally owned roads open to public travel (as that term is 
        defined in section 125(e)), the Secretary shall for each fiscal 
        year combine and use not greater than 5 percent of the funds 
        authorized for programs under sections 203 and 204.
            ``(B) Other activities.--In addition to the activities 
        described in subparagraph (A), funds described under that 
        subparagraph may be used for--
                ``(i) bridge inspections on any federally owned bridge 
            even if that bridge is not included on the inventory 
            described under section 203; and
                ``(ii) transportation planning activities carried out 
            by Federal land management agencies eligible for funding 
            under this chapter.''.
SEC. 1121. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION SELF-GOVERNANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 206 the following:
``Sec. 207. Tribal transportation self-governance program
    ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to the requirements of this section, 
the Secretary shall establish and carry out a program to be known as 
the tribal transportation self-governance program. The Secretary may 
delegate responsibilities for administration of the program as the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), an Indian 
    tribe shall be eligible to participate in the program if the Indian 
    tribe requests participation in the program by resolution or other 
    official action by the governing body of the Indian tribe, and 
    demonstrates, for the preceding 3 fiscal years, financial stability 
    and financial management capability, and transportation program 
    management capability.
        ``(2) Criteria for determining financial stability and 
    financial management capacity.--For the purposes of paragraph (1), 
    evidence that, during the preceding 3 fiscal years, an Indian tribe 
    had no uncorrected significant and material audit exceptions in the 
    required annual audit of the Indian tribe's self-determination 
    contracts or self-governance funding agreements with any Federal 
    agency shall be conclusive evidence of the required financial 
    stability and financial management capability.
        ``(3) Criteria for determining transportation program 
    management capability.--The Secretary shall require an Indian tribe 
    to demonstrate transportation program management capability, 
    including the capability to manage and complete projects eligible 
    under this title and projects eligible under chapter 53 of title 
    49, to gain eligibility for the program.
    ``(c) Compacts.--
        ``(1) Compact required.--Upon the request of an eligible Indian 
    tribe, and subject to the requirements of this section, the 
    Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a written compact with the 
    Indian tribe for the purpose of providing for the participation of 
    the Indian tribe in the program.
        ``(2) Contents.--A compact entered into under paragraph (1) 
    shall set forth the general terms of the government-to-government 
    relationship between the Indian tribe and the United States under 
    the program and other terms that will continue to apply in future 
    fiscal years.
        ``(3) Amendments.--A compact entered into with an Indian tribe 
    under paragraph (1) may be amended only by mutual agreement of the 
    Indian tribe and the Secretary.
    ``(d) Annual Funding Agreements.--
        ``(1) Funding agreement required.--After entering into a 
    compact with an Indian tribe under subsection (c), the Secretary 
    shall negotiate and enter into a written annual funding agreement 
    with the Indian tribe.
        ``(2) Contents.--
            ``(A) In general.--
                ``(i) Formula funding and discretionary grants.--A 
            funding agreement entered into with an Indian tribe shall 
            authorize the Indian tribe, as determined by the Indian 
            tribe, to plan, conduct, consolidate, administer, and 
            receive full tribal share funding, tribal transit formula 
            funding, and funding to tribes from discretionary and 
            competitive grants administered by the Department for all 
            programs, services, functions, and activities (or portions 
            thereof) that are made available to Indian tribes to carry 
            out tribal transportation programs and programs, services, 
            functions, and activities (or portions thereof) 
            administered by the Secretary that are otherwise available 
            to Indian tribes.
                ``(ii) Transfers of state funds.--

                    ``(I) Inclusion of transferred funds in funding 
                agreement.--A funding agreement entered into with an 
                Indian tribe shall include Federal-aid funds 
                apportioned to a State under chapter 1 if the State 
                elects to provide a portion of such funds to the Indian 
                tribe for a project eligible under section 202(a). The 
                provisions of this section shall be in addition to the 
                methods for making funding contributions described in 
                section 202(a)(9). Nothing in this section shall 
                diminish the authority of the Secretary to provide 
                funds to an Indian tribe under section 202(a)(9).
                    ``(II) Method for transfers.--If a State elects to 
                provide funds described in subclause (I) to an Indian 
                tribe--

                        ``(aa) the transfer may occur in accordance 
                    with section 202(a)(9); or
                        ``(bb) the State shall transfer the funds back 
                    to the Secretary and the Secretary shall transfer 
                    the funds to the Indian tribe in accordance with 
                    this section.

                    ``(III) Responsibility for transferred funds.--
                Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a State 
                provides funds described in subclause (I) to an Indian 
                tribe--

                        ``(aa) the State shall not be responsible for 
                    constructing or maintaining a project carried out 
                    using the funds or for administering or supervising 
                    the project or funds during the applicable statute 
                    of limitations period related to the construction 
                    of the project; and
                        ``(bb) the Indian tribe shall be responsible 
                    for constructing and maintaining a project carried 
                    out using the funds and for administering and 
                    supervising the project and funds in accordance 
                    with this section during the applicable statute of 
                    limitations period related to the construction of 
                    the project.
            ``(B) Administration of tribal shares.--The tribal shares 
        referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be provided without 
        regard to the agency or office of the Department within which 
        the program, service, function, or activity (or portion 
        thereof) is performed.
            ``(C) Flexible and innovative financing.--
                ``(i) In general.--A funding agreement entered into 
            with an Indian tribe under paragraph (1) shall include 
            provisions pertaining to flexible and innovative financing 
            if agreed upon by the parties.
                ``(ii) Terms and conditions.--

                    ``(I) Authority to issue regulations.--The 
                Secretary may issue regulations to establish the terms 
                and conditions relating to the flexible and innovative 
                financing provisions referred to in clause (i).
                    ``(II) Terms and conditions in absence of 
                regulations.--If the Secretary does not issue 
                regulations under subclause (I), the terms and 
                conditions relating to the flexible and innovative 
                financing provisions referred to in clause (i) shall be 
                consistent with--

                        ``(aa) agreements entered into by the 
                    Department under--
                            ``(AA) section 202(b)(7); and
                            ``(BB) section 202(d)(5), as in effect 
                        before the date of enactment of MAP-21 (Public 
                        Law 112-141); or
                        ``(bb) regulations of the Department of the 
                    Interior relating to flexible financing contained 
                    in part 170 of title 25, Code of Federal 
                    Regulations, as in effect on the date of enactment 
                    of the FAST Act.
        ``(3) Terms.--A funding agreement shall set forth--
            ``(A) terms that generally identify the programs, services, 
        functions, and activities (or portions thereof) to be performed 
        or administered by the Indian tribe; and
            ``(B) for items identified in subparagraph (A)--
                ``(i) the general budget category assigned;
                ``(ii) the funds to be provided, including those funds 
            to be provided on a recurring basis;
                ``(iii) the time and method of transfer of the funds;
                ``(iv) the responsibilities of the Secretary and the 
            Indian tribe; and
                ``(v) any other provision agreed to by the Indian tribe 
            and the Secretary.
        ``(4) Subsequent funding agreements.--
            ``(A) Applicability of existing agreement.--Absent 
        notification from an Indian tribe that the Indian tribe is 
        withdrawing from or retroceding the operation of 1 or more 
        programs, services, functions, or activities (or portions 
        thereof) identified in a funding agreement, or unless otherwise 
        agreed to by the parties, each funding agreement shall remain 
        in full force and effect until a subsequent funding agreement 
        is executed.
            ``(B) Effective date of subsequent agreement.--The terms of 
        the subsequent funding agreement shall be retroactive to the 
        end of the term of the preceding funding agreement.
        ``(5) Consent of indian tribe required.--The Secretary shall 
    not revise, amend, or require additional terms in a new or 
    subsequent funding agreement without the consent of the Indian 
    tribe that is subject to the agreement unless such terms are 
    required by Federal law.
    ``(e) General Provisions.--
        ``(1) Redesign and consolidation.--
            ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe, in any manner that the 
        Indian tribe considers to be in the best interest of the Indian 
        community being served, may--
                ``(i) redesign or consolidate programs, services, 
            functions, and activities (or portions thereof) included in 
            a funding agreement; and
                ``(ii) reallocate or redirect funds for such programs, 
            services, functions, and activities (or portions thereof), 
            if the funds are--

                    ``(I) expended on projects identified in a 
                transportation improvement program approved by the 
                Secretary; and
                    ``(II) used in accordance with the requirements 
                in--

                        ``(aa) appropriations Acts;
                        ``(bb) this title and chapter 53 of title 49; 
                    and
                        ``(cc) any other applicable law.
            ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if, 
        pursuant to subsection (d), an Indian tribe receives a 
        discretionary or competitive grant from the Secretary or 
        receives State apportioned funds, the Indian tribe shall use 
        the funds for the purpose for which the funds were originally 
        authorized.
        ``(2) Retrocession.--
            ``(A) In general.--
                ``(i) Authority of indian tribes.--An Indian tribe may 
            retrocede (fully or partially) to the Secretary programs, 
            services, functions, or activities (or portions thereof) 
            included in a compact or funding agreement.
                ``(ii) Reassumption of remaining funds.--Following a 
            retrocession described in clause (i), the Secretary may--

                    ``(I) reassume the remaining funding associated 
                with the retroceded programs, functions, services, and 
                activities (or portions thereof) included in the 
                applicable compact or funding agreement;
                    ``(II) out of such remaining funds, transfer funds 
                associated with Department of Interior programs, 
                services, functions, or activities (or portions 
                thereof) to the Secretary of the Interior to carry out 
                transportation services provided by the Secretary of 
                the Interior; and
                    ``(III) distribute funds not transferred under 
                subclause (II) in accordance with applicable law.

                ``(iii) Correction of programs.--If the Secretary makes 
            a finding under subsection (f)(2)(B) and no funds are 
            available under subsection (f)(2)(A)(ii), the Secretary 
            shall not be required to provide additional funds to 
            complete or correct any programs, functions, services, or 
            activities (or portions thereof).
            ``(B) Effective date.--Unless the Indian tribe rescinds a 
        request for retrocession, the retrocession shall become 
        effective within the timeframe specified by the parties in the 
        compact or funding agreement. In the absence of such a 
        specification, the retrocession shall become effective on--
                ``(i) the earlier of--

                    ``(I) 1 year after the date of submission of the 
                request; or
                    ``(II) the date on which the funding agreement 
                expires; or

                ``(ii) such date as may be mutually agreed upon by the 
            parties and, with respect to Department of the Interior 
            programs, functions, services, and activities (or portions 
            thereof), the Secretary of the Interior.
    ``(f) Provisions Relating to Secretary.--
        ``(1) Decisionmaker.--A decision that relates to an appeal of 
    the rejection of a final offer by the Department shall be made 
    either--
            ``(A) by an official of the Department who holds a position 
        at a higher organizational level within the Department than the 
        level of the departmental agency in which the decision that is 
        the subject of the appeal was made; or
            ``(B) by an administrative judge.
        ``(2) Termination of compact or funding agreement.--
            ``(A) Authority to terminate.--
                ``(i) Provision to be included in compact or funding 
            agreement.--A compact or funding agreement shall include a 
            provision authorizing the Secretary, if the Secretary makes 
            a finding described in subparagraph (B), to--

                    ``(I) terminate the compact or funding agreement 
                (or a portion thereof); and
                    ``(II) reassume the remaining funding associated 
                with the reassumed programs, functions, services, and 
                activities included in the compact or funding 
                agreement.

                ``(ii) Transfers of funds.--Out of any funds reassumed 
            under clause (i)(II), the Secretary may transfer the funds 
            associated with Department of the Interior programs, 
            functions, services, and activities (or portions thereof) 
            to the Secretary of the Interior to provide continued 
            transportation services in accordance with applicable law.
            ``(B) Findings resulting in termination.--The finding 
        referred to in subparagraph (A) is a specific finding of--
                ``(i) imminent jeopardy to a trust asset, natural 
            resources, or public health and safety that is caused by an 
            act or omission of the Indian tribe and that arises out of 
            a failure to carry out the compact or funding agreement, as 
            determined by the Secretary; or
                ``(ii) gross mismanagement with respect to funds or 
            programs transferred to the Indian tribe under the compact 
            or funding agreement, as determined by the Secretary in 
            consultation with the Inspector General of the Department, 
            as appropriate.
            ``(C) Prohibition.--The Secretary shall not terminate a 
        compact or funding agreement (or portion thereof) unless--
                ``(i) the Secretary has first provided written notice 
            and a hearing on the record to the Indian tribe that is 
            subject to the compact or funding agreement; and
                ``(ii) the Indian tribe has not taken corrective action 
            to remedy the mismanagement of funds or programs or the 
            imminent jeopardy to a trust asset, natural resource, or 
            public health and safety.
            ``(D) Exception.--
                ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (C), 
            the Secretary, upon written notification to an Indian tribe 
            that is subject to a compact or funding agreement, may 
            immediately terminate the compact or funding agreement (or 
            portion thereof) if--

                    ``(I) the Secretary makes a finding of imminent 
                substantial and irreparable jeopardy to a trust asset, 
                natural resource, or public health and safety; and
                    ``(II) the jeopardy arises out of a failure to 
                carry out the compact or funding agreement.

                ``(ii) Hearings.--If the Secretary terminates a compact 
            or funding agreement (or portion thereof) under clause (i), 
            the Secretary shall provide the Indian tribe subject to the 
            compact or agreement with a hearing on the record not later 
            than 10 days after the date of such termination.
            ``(E) Burden of proof.--In any hearing or appeal involving 
        a decision to terminate a compact or funding agreement (or 
        portion thereof) under this paragraph, the Secretary shall have 
        the burden of proof in demonstrating by clear and convincing 
        evidence the validity of the grounds for the termination.
    ``(g) Cost Principles.--In administering funds received under this 
section, an Indian tribe shall apply cost principles under the 
applicable Office of Management and Budget circular, except as modified 
by section 106 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450j-1), other provisions of law, or by any 
exemptions to applicable Office of Management and Budget circulars 
subsequently granted by the Office of Management and Budget. No other 
audit or accounting standards shall be required by the Secretary. Any 
claim by the Federal Government against the Indian tribe relating to 
funds received under a funding agreement based on any audit conducted 
pursuant to this subsection shall be subject to the provisions of 
section 106(f) of that Act (25 U.S.C. 450j-1(f)).
    ``(h) Transfer of Funds.--The Secretary shall provide funds to an 
Indian tribe under a funding agreement in an amount equal to--
        ``(1) the sum of the funding that the Indian tribe would 
    otherwise receive for the program, function, service, or activity 
    in accordance with a funding formula or other allocation method 
    established under this title or chapter 53 of title 49; and
        ``(2) such additional amounts as the Secretary determines equal 
    the amounts that would have been withheld for the costs of the 
    Bureau of Indian Affairs for administration of the program or 
    project.
    ``(i) Construction Programs.--
        ``(1) Standards.--Construction projects carried out under 
    programs administered by an Indian tribe with funds transferred to 
    the Indian tribe pursuant to a funding agreement entered into under 
    this section shall be constructed pursuant to the construction 
    program standards set forth in applicable regulations or as 
    specifically approved by the Secretary (or the Secretary's 
    designee).
        ``(2) Monitoring.--Construction programs shall be monitored by 
    the Secretary in accordance with applicable regulations.
    ``(j) Facilitation.--
        ``(1) Secretarial interpretation.--Except as otherwise provided 
    by law, the Secretary shall interpret all Federal laws, Executive 
    orders, and regulations in a manner that will facilitate--
            ``(A) the inclusion of programs, services, functions, and 
        activities (or portions thereof) and funds associated 
        therewith, in compacts and funding agreements; and
            ``(B) the implementation of the compacts and funding 
        agreements.
        ``(2) Regulation waiver.--
            ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe may submit to the 
        Secretary a written request to waive application of a 
        regulation promulgated under this section with respect to a 
        compact or funding agreement. The request shall identify the 
        regulation sought to be waived and the basis for the request.
            ``(B) Approvals and denials.--
                ``(i) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
            date of receipt of a written request under subparagraph 
            (A), the Secretary shall approve or deny the request in 
            writing.
                ``(ii) Review.--The Secretary shall review any 
            application by an Indian tribe for a waiver bearing in mind 
            increasing opportunities for using flexible policy 
            approaches at the Indian tribal level.
                ``(iii) Deemed approval.--If the Secretary does not 
            approve or deny a request submitted under subparagraph (A) 
            on or before the last day of the 90-day period referred to 
            in clause (i), the request shall be deemed approved.
                ``(iv) Denials.--If the application for a waiver is not 
            granted, the agency shall provide the applicant with the 
            reasons for the denial as part of the written response 
            required in clause (i).
                ``(v) Finality of decisions.--A decision by the 
            Secretary under this subparagraph shall be final for the 
            Department.
    ``(k) Disclaimers.--
        ``(1) Existing authority.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
    of law, upon the election of an Indian tribe, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) maintain current tribal transportation program 
        funding agreements and program agreements; or
            ``(B) enter into new agreements under the authority of 
        section 202(b)(7).
        ``(2) Limitation on statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
    section may be construed to impair or diminish the authority of the 
    Secretary under section 202(b)(7).
    ``(l) Applicability of Indian Self-Determination and Education 
Assistance Act.--Except to the extent in conflict with this section (as 
determined by the Secretary), the following provisions of the Indian 
Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act shall apply to compact 
and funding agreements (except that any reference to the Secretary of 
the Interior or the Secretary of Health and Human Services in such 
provisions shall be treated as a reference to the Secretary of 
Transportation):
        ``(1) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (g), and (h) of section 506 of 
    such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-5), relating to general provisions.
        ``(2) Subsections (b) through (e) and (g) of section 507 of 
    such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-6), relating to provisions relating to 
    the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
        ``(3) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (e), (g), (h), (i), and (k) of 
    section 508 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-7), relating to transfer 
    of funds.
        ``(4) Section 510 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-9), relating to 
    Federal procurement laws and regulations.
        ``(5) Section 511 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-10), relating 
    to civil actions.
        ``(6) Subsections (a)(1), (a)(2), and (c) through (f) of 
    section 512 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-11), relating to 
    facilitation, except that subsection (c)(1) of that section shall 
    be applied by substituting `transportation facilities and other 
    facilities' for `school buildings, hospitals, and other 
    facilities'.
        ``(7) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 515 of such Act (25 
    U.S.C. 458aaa-14), relating to disclaimers.
        ``(8) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 516 of such Act (25 
    U.S.C. 458aaa-15), relating to application of title I provisions.
        ``(9) Section 518 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-17), relating 
    to appeals.
    ``(m) Definitions.--
        ``(1) In general.--In this section, the following definitions 
    apply (except as otherwise expressly provided):
            ``(A) Compact.--The term `compact' means a compact between 
        the Secretary and an Indian tribe entered into under subsection 
        (c).
            ``(B) Department.--The term `Department' means the 
        Department of Transportation.
            ``(C) Eligible indian tribe.--The term `eligible Indian 
        tribe' means an Indian tribe that is eligible to participate in 
        the program, as determined under subsection (b).
            ``(D) Funding agreement.--The term `funding agreement' 
        means a funding agreement between the Secretary and an Indian 
        tribe entered into under subsection (d).
            ``(E) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' means any 
        Indian or Alaska Native tribe, band, nation, pueblo, village, 
        or community that is recognized as eligible for the special 
        programs and services provided by the United States to Indians 
        because of their status as Indians. In any case in which an 
        Indian tribe has authorized another Indian tribe, an 
        intertribal consortium, or a tribal organization to plan for or 
        carry out programs, services, functions, or activities (or 
        portions thereof) on its behalf under this section, the 
        authorized Indian tribe, intertribal consortium, or tribal 
        organization shall have the rights and responsibilities of the 
        authorizing Indian tribe (except as otherwise provided in the 
        authorizing resolution or in this title). In such event, the 
        term `Indian tribe' as used in this section shall include such 
        other authorized Indian tribe, intertribal consortium, or 
        tribal organization.
            ``(F) Program.--The term `program' means the tribal 
        transportation self-governance program established under this 
        section.
            ``(G) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Transportation.
            ``(H) Transportation programs.--The term `transportation 
        programs' means all programs administered or financed by the 
        Department under this title and chapter 53 of title 49.
        ``(2) Applicability of other definitions.--In this section, the 
    definitions set forth in sections 4 and 505 of the Indian Self-
    Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b; 458aaa) 
    apply, except as otherwise expressly provided in this section.
    ``(n) Regulations.--
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Promulgation.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall initiate 
        procedures under subchapter III of chapter 5 of title 5 to 
        negotiate and promulgate such regulations as are necessary to 
        carry out this section.
            ``(B) Publication of proposed regulations.--Proposed 
        regulations to implement this section shall be published in the 
        Federal Register by the Secretary not later than 21 months 
        after such date of enactment.
            ``(C) Expiration of authority.--The authority to promulgate 
        regulations under subparagraph (A) shall expire 30 months after 
        such date of enactment.
            ``(D) Extension of deadlines.--A deadline set forth in 
        subparagraph (B) or (C) may be extended up to 180 days if the 
        negotiated rulemaking committee referred to in paragraph (2) 
        concludes that the committee cannot meet the deadline and the 
        Secretary so notifies the appropriate committees of Congress.
        ``(2) Committee.--
            ``(A) In general.--A negotiated rulemaking committee 
        established pursuant to section 565 of title 5 to carry out 
        this subsection shall have as its members only Federal and 
        tribal government representatives, a majority of whom shall be 
        nominated by and be representatives of Indian tribes with 
        funding agreements under this title.
            ``(B) Requirements.--The committee shall confer with, and 
        accommodate participation by, representatives of Indian tribes, 
        inter-tribal consortia, tribal organizations, and individual 
        tribal members.
            ``(C) Adaptation of procedures.--The Secretary shall adapt 
        the negotiated rulemaking procedures to the unique context of 
        self-governance and the government-to-government relationship 
        between the United States and Indian tribes.
        ``(3) Effect.--The lack of promulgated regulations shall not 
    limit the effect of this section.
        ``(4) Effect of circulars, policies, manuals, guidance, and 
    rules.--Unless expressly agreed to by the participating Indian 
    tribe in the compact or funding agreement, the participating Indian 
    tribe shall not be subject to any agency circular, policy, manual, 
    guidance, or rule adopted by the Department, except regulations 
    promulgated under this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 206 the following:

``207. Tribal transportation self-governance program.''.
SEC. 1122. STATE FLEXIBILITY FOR NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM MODIFICATIONS.
    (a) National Highway System Flexibility.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue 
guidance relating to working with State departments of transportation 
that request assistance from the division offices of the Federal 
Highway Administration--
        (1) to review roads classified as principal arterials in the 
    State that were added to the National Highway System as of October 
    1, 2012, so as to comply with section 103 of title 23, United 
    States Code; and
        (2) to identify any necessary functional classification changes 
    to rural and urban principal arterials.
    (b) Administrative Actions.--The Secretary shall direct the 
division offices of the Federal Highway Administration to work with the 
applicable State department of transportation that requests assistance 
under this section--
        (1) to assist in the review of roads in accordance with 
    guidance issued under subsection (a);
        (2) to expeditiously review and facilitate requests from States 
    to reclassify roads classified as principal arterials; and
        (3) in the case of a State that requests the withdrawal of 
    reclassified roads from the National Highway System under section 
    103(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, to carry out that 
    withdrawal if the inclusion of the reclassified road in the 
    National Highway System is not consistent with the needs and 
    priorities of the community or region in which the reclassified 
    road is located.
    (c) National Highway System Modification Regulations.--The 
Secretary shall--
        (1) review the National Highway System modification process 
    described in appendix D of part 470 of title 23, Code of Federal 
    Regulations (or successor regulations); and
        (2) take any action necessary to ensure that a State may submit 
    to the Secretary a request to modify the National Highway System by 
    withdrawing a road from the National Highway System.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report that includes a description of--
        (1) each request for reclassification of National Highway 
    System roads;
        (2) the status of each request; and
        (3) if applicable, the justification for the denial by the 
    Secretary of a request.
    (e) Modifications to the National Highway System.--Section 
103(b)(3)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding clause (i)--
            (A) by striking ``, including any modification consisting 
        of a connector to a major intermodal terminal,''; and
            (B) by inserting ``, including any modification consisting 
        of a connector to a major intermodal terminal or the withdrawal 
        of a road from that system,'' after ``the National Highway 
        System''; and
        (2) in clause (ii)--
            (A) by striking ``(ii) enhances'' and inserting ``(ii)(I) 
        enhances'';
            (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
        or''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(II) in the case of the withdrawal of a road, is 
            reasonable and appropriate.''.
SEC. 1123. NATIONALLY SIGNIFICANT FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL PROJECTS 
PROGRAM.
    (a) Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish a nationally 
significant Federal lands and tribal projects program (referred to in 
this section as the ``program'') to provide funding to construct, 
reconstruct, or rehabilitate nationally significant Federal lands and 
tribal transportation projects.
    (b) Eligible Applicants.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), entities 
    eligible to receive funds under sections 201, 202, 203, and 204 of 
    title 23, United States Code, may apply for funding under the 
    program.
        (2) Special rule.--A State, county, or unit of local government 
    may only apply for funding under the program if sponsored by an 
    eligible Federal land management agency or Indian tribe.
    (c) Eligible Projects.--An eligible project under the program shall 
be a single continuous project--
        (1) on a Federal lands transportation facility, a Federal lands 
    access transportation facility, or a tribal transportation facility 
    (as those terms are defined in section 101 of title 23, United 
    States Code), except that such facility is not required to be 
    included in an inventory described in section 202 or 203 of such 
    title;
        (2) for which completion of activities required under the 
    National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
    has been demonstrated through--
            (A) a record of decision with respect to the project;
            (B) a finding that the project has no significant impact; 
        or
            (C) a determination that the project is categorically 
        excluded; and
        (3) having an estimated cost, based on the results of 
    preliminary engineering, equal to or exceeding $25,000,000, with 
    priority consideration given to projects with an estimated cost 
    equal to or exceeding $50,000,000.
    (d) Eligible Activities.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), an eligible 
    applicant receiving funds under the program may only use the funds 
    for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation activities.
        (2) Ineligible activities.--An eligible applicant may not use 
    funds received under the program for activities relating to project 
    design.
    (e) Applications.--Eligible applicants shall submit to the 
Secretary an application at such time, in such form, and containing 
such information as the Secretary may require.
    (f) Selection Criteria.--In selecting a project to receive funds 
under the program, the Secretary shall consider the extent to which the 
project--
        (1) furthers the goals of the Department, including state of 
    good repair, economic competitiveness, quality of life, and safety;
        (2) improves the condition of critical transportation 
    facilities, including multimodal facilities;
        (3) needs construction, reconstruction, or rehabilitation;
        (4) has costs matched by funds that are not provided under this 
    section, with projects with a greater percentage of other sources 
    of matching funds ranked ahead of lesser matches;
        (5) is included in or eligible for inclusion in the National 
    Register of Historic Places;
        (6) uses new technologies and innovations that enhance the 
    efficiency of the project;
        (7) is supported by funds, other than the funds received under 
    the program, to construct, maintain, and operate the facility;
        (8) spans 2 or more States; and
        (9) serves land owned by multiple Federal agencies or Indian 
    tribes.
    (g) Federal Share.--
        (1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
    shall be up to 90 percent.
        (2) Non-federal share.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
    law, any Federal funds other than those made available under title 
    23 or title 49, United States Code, may be used to pay the non-
    Federal share of the cost of a project carried out under this 
    section.
    (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020. Such sums shall remain available for a period 
of 3 fiscal years following the fiscal year for which the amounts are 
appropriated.

            Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

SEC. 1201. METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.
    Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) by striking ``people and freight and'' and inserting 
        ``people and freight,'' and
            (B) by inserting ``and take into consideration resiliency 
        needs'' after ``urbanized areas,'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
    transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
    transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that support 
    intercity transportation, including intercity buses and intercity 
    bus facilities and commuter vanpool providers'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (7), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
        ``(3) Representation.--
            ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection of officials or 
        representatives under paragraph (2) shall be determined by the 
        metropolitan planning organization according to the bylaws or 
        enabling statute of the organization.
            ``(B) Public transportation representative.--Subject to the 
        bylaws or enabling statute of the metropolitan planning 
        organization, a representative of a provider of public 
        transportation may also serve as a representative of a local 
        municipality.
            ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An official described 
        in paragraph (2)(B) shall have responsibilities, actions, 
        duties, voting rights, and any other authority commensurate 
        with other officials described in paragraph (2).''; and
            (C) in paragraph (5) as so redesignated by striking 
        ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting ``paragraph (6)'';
        (4) in subsection (e)(4)(B) by striking ``subsection (d)(5)'' 
    and inserting ``subsection (d)(6)'';
        (5) in subsection (g)(3)(A) by inserting ``tourism, natural 
    disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic development,'';
        (6) in subsection (h)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting a semicolon; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
        transportation system and reduce or mitigate stormwater impacts 
        of surface transportation; and
            ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``and in section 
        5301(c) of title 49'' and inserting ``and the general purposes 
        described in section 5301 of title 49'';
        (7) in subsection (i)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)(i) by striking ``transit,'' and 
            inserting ``public transportation facilities, intercity bus 
            facilities,'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (G)--

                    (I) by striking ``and provide'' and inserting ``, 
                provide''; and
                    (II) by inserting ``, and reduce the vulnerability 
                of the existing transportation infrastructure to 
                natural disasters'' before the period at the end; and

                (iii) in subparagraph (H) by inserting ``including 
            consideration of the role that intercity buses may play in 
            reducing congestion, pollution, and energy consumption in a 
            cost-effective manner and strategies and investments that 
            preserve and enhance intercity bus systems, including 
            systems that are privately owned and operated'' before the 
            period at the end;
            (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
            shippers,''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus operators, 
            employer-based commuting programs, such as a carpool 
            program, vanpool program, transit benefit program, parking 
            cash-out program, shuttle program, or telework program)'' 
            after ``private providers of transportation''; and
            (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``paragraph (2)(C)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (2)(E)'' each place it appears;
        (8) in subsection (k)(3)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``(including intercity 
        bus operators, employer-based commuting programs such as a 
        carpool program, vanpool program, transit benefit program, 
        parking cash-out program, shuttle program, or telework 
        program), job access projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A metropolitan planning 
        organization serving a transportation management area may 
        develop a plan that includes projects and strategies that will 
        be considered in the TIP of such metropolitan planning 
        organization. Such plan shall--
                ``(i) develop regional goals to reduce vehicle miles 
            traveled during peak commuting hours and improve 
            transportation connections between areas with high job 
            concentration and areas with high concentrations of low-
            income households;
                ``(ii) identify existing public transportation 
            services, employer-based commuter programs, and other 
            existing transportation services that support access to 
            jobs in the region; and
                ``(iii) identify proposed projects and programs to 
            reduce congestion and increase job access opportunities.
            ``(D) Participation.--In developing the plan under 
        subparagraph (C), a metropolitan planning organization shall 
        consult with employers, private and nonprofit providers of 
        public transportation, transportation management organizations, 
        and organizations that provide job access reverse commute 
        projects or job-related services to low-income individuals.'';
        (9) in subsection (l)--
            (A) by adding a period at the end of paragraph (1); and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of less than 
        200,000'' and inserting ``with a population of 200,000 or 
        less'';
        (10) in subsection (n)(1) by inserting ``49'' after ``chapter 
    53 of title'';
        (11) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set aside under 
    section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds apportioned under paragraphs 
    (5)(D) and (6) of section 104(b)''; and
        (12) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization.--
        ``(1) Definition of bi-state mpo region.--In this subsection, 
    the term `Bi-State MPO Region' has the meaning given the term 
    `region' in subsection (a) of Article II of the Lake Tahoe Regional 
    Planning Compact (Public Law 96-551; 94 Stat. 3234).
        ``(2) Treatment.--For the purpose of this title, the Bi-State 
    MPO Region shall be treated as--
            ``(A) a metropolitan planning organization;
            ``(B) a transportation management area under subsection 
        (k); and
            ``(C) an urbanized area, which is comprised of a population 
        of 145,000 in the State of California and a population of 
        65,000 in the State of Nevada.
        ``(3) Suballocated funding.--
            ``(A) Planning.--In determining the amounts under 
        subparagraph (A) of section 133(d)(1) that shall be obligated 
        for a fiscal year in the States of California and Nevada under 
        clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of that subparagraph, the 
        Secretary shall, for each of those States--
                ``(i) calculate the population under each of those 
            clauses;
                ``(ii) decrease the amount under section 
            133(d)(1)(A)(iii) by the population specified in paragraph 
            (2) of this subsection for the Bi-State MPO Region in that 
            State; and
                ``(iii) increase the amount under section 
            133(d)(1)(A)(i) by the population specified in paragraph 
            (2) of this subsection for the Bi-State MPO Region in that 
            State.
            ``(B) STBGP set aside.--In determining the amounts under 
        paragraph (2) of section 133(h) that shall be obligated for a 
        fiscal year in the States of California and Nevada, the 
        Secretary shall, for the purpose of that subsection, calculate 
        the populations for each of those States in a manner consistent 
        with subparagraph (A).''.
SEC. 1202. STATEWIDE AND NONMETROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.
    Section 135 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
    transportation facilities'' and inserting, ``, bicycle 
    transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that support 
    intercity transportation, including intercity buses and intercity 
    bus facilities and commuter van pool providers'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting a semicolon; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
        transportation system and reduce or mitigate stormwater impacts 
        of surface transportation; and
            ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and in section 
            5301(c) of title 49'' and inserting ``and the general 
            purposes described in section 5301 of title 49'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by striking ``urbanized''; 
            and
                (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``urbanized'';
        (3) in subsection (f)--
            (A) in paragraph (3)(A)(ii)--
                (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
            shippers,''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus operators, 
            employer-based commuting programs, such as a carpool 
            program, vanpool program, transit benefit program, parking 
            cash-out program, shuttle program, or telework program)'' 
            after ``private providers of transportation''; and
            (B) in paragraph (7), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``should'' and inserting ``shall''; and
            (C) in paragraph (8), by inserting ``, including 
        consideration of the role that intercity buses may play in 
        reducing congestion, pollution, and energy consumption in a 
        cost-effective manner and strategies and investments that 
        preserve and enhance intercity bus systems, including systems 
        that are privately owned and operated'' before the period at 
        the end; and
        (4) in subsection (g)(3)--
            (A) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
        shippers''; and
            (B) by inserting ``(including intercity bus operators),'' 
        after ``private providers of transportation''.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

SEC. 1301. SATISFACTION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN HISTORIC SITES.
    (a) Highways.--Section 138 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic Sites.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) align, to the maximum extent practicable, with the 
        requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
        (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and section 306108 of title 54, 
        including implementing regulations; and
            ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
        this subsection, coordinate with the Secretary of the Interior 
        and the Executive Director of the Advisory Council on Historic 
        Preservation (referred to in this subsection as the `Council') 
        to establish procedures to satisfy the requirements described 
        in subparagraph (A) (including regulations).
        ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
            ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis required under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.), the Secretary determines that there is no feasible or 
        prudent alternative to avoid use of a historic site, the 
        Secretary may--
                ``(i) include the determination of the Secretary in the 
            analysis required under that Act;
                ``(ii) provide a notice of the determination to--

                    ``(I) each applicable State historic preservation 
                officer and tribal historic preservation officer;
                    ``(II) the Council, if the Council is participating 
                in the consultation process under section 306108 of 
                title 54; and
                    ``(III) the Secretary of the Interior; and

                ``(iii) request from the applicable preservation 
            officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior a 
            concurrence that the determination is sufficient to satisfy 
            subsection (a)(1).
            ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable preservation officer, 
        the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior each provide a 
        concurrence requested under subparagraph (A)(iii), no further 
        analysis under subsection (a)(1) shall be required.
            ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a determination, together 
        with each relevant concurrence to that determination, under 
        subparagraph (A) shall--
                ``(i) be included in the record of decision or finding 
            of no significant impact of the Secretary; and
                ``(ii) be posted on an appropriate Federal website by 
            not later than 3 days after the date of receipt by the 
            Secretary of all concurrences requested under subparagraph 
            (A)(iii).
        ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the applicable 
        preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the 
        Interior concur that no feasible and prudent alternative exists 
        as described in paragraph (2), the Secretary may provide to the 
        applicable preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary 
        of the Interior notice of the intent of the Secretary to 
        satisfy subsection (a)(2) through the consultation requirements 
        of section 306108 of title 54.
            ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To satisfy subsection 
        (a)(2), each individual described in paragraph (2)(A)(ii) shall 
        concur in the treatment of the applicable historic site 
        described in the memorandum of agreement or programmatic 
        agreement developed under section 306108 of title 54.''.
    (b) Public Transportation.--Section 303 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic Sites.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) align, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
        requirements of this section with the requirements of the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.) and section 306108 of title 54, including implementing 
        regulations; and
            ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
        this subsection, coordinate with the Secretary of the Interior 
        and the Executive Director of the Advisory Council on Historic 
        Preservation (referred to in this subsection as the `Council') 
        to establish procedures to satisfy the requirements described 
        in subparagraph (A) (including regulations).
        ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
            ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis required under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.), the Secretary determines that there is no feasible or 
        prudent alternative to avoid use of a historic site, the 
        Secretary may--
                ``(i) include the determination of the Secretary in the 
            analysis required under that Act;
                ``(ii) provide a notice of the determination to--

                    ``(I) each applicable State historic preservation 
                officer and tribal historic preservation officer;
                    ``(II) the Council, if the Council is participating 
                in the consultation process under section 306108 of 
                title 54; and
                    ``(III) the Secretary of the Interior; and

                ``(iii) request from the applicable preservation 
            officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior a 
            concurrence that the determination is sufficient to satisfy 
            subsection (c)(1).
            ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable preservation officer, 
        the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior each provide a 
        concurrence requested under subparagraph (A)(iii), no further 
        analysis under subsection (c)(1) shall be required.
            ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a determination, together 
        with each relevant concurrence to that determination, under 
        subparagraph (A) shall--
                ``(i) be included in the record of decision or finding 
            of no significant impact of the Secretary; and
                ``(ii) be posted on an appropriate Federal website by 
            not later than 3 days after the date of receipt by the 
            Secretary of all concurrences requested under subparagraph 
            (A)(iii).
        ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the applicable 
        preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the 
        Interior concur that no feasible and prudent alternative exists 
        as described in paragraph (2), the Secretary may provide to the 
        applicable preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary 
        of the Interior notice of the intent of the Secretary to 
        satisfy subsection (c)(2) through the consultation requirements 
        of section 306108 of title 54.
            ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To satisfy subsection 
        (c)(2), the applicable preservation officer, the Council, and 
        the Secretary of the Interior shall concur in the treatment of 
        the applicable historic site described in the memorandum of 
        agreement or programmatic agreement developed under section 
        306108 of title 54.''.
SEC. 1302. CLARIFICATION OF TRANSPORTATION ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Title 23 Amendment.--Section 138 of title 23, United States 
Code, as amended by section 1301, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(d) References to Past Transportation Environmental 
Authorities.--
        ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements of this 
    section are commonly referred to as section 4(f) requirements (see 
    section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act (Public Law 
    89-670; 80 Stat. 934) as in effect before the repeal of that 
    section).
        ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements of section 
    306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to as section 106 
    requirements (see section 106 of the National Historic Preservation 
    Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665; 80 Stat. 917) as in effect before 
    the repeal of that section).''.
    (b) Title 49 Amendment.--Section 303 of title 49, United States 
Code, as amended by section 1301, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(f) References to Past Transportation Environmental 
Authorities.--
        ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements of this 
    section are commonly referred to as section 4(f) requirements (see 
    section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act (Public Law 
    89-670; 80 Stat. 934) as in effect before the repeal of that 
    section).
        ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements of section 
    306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to as section 106 
    requirements (see section 106 of the National Historic Preservation 
    Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665; 80 Stat. 917) as in effect before 
    the repeal of that section).''.
SEC. 1303. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN BRIDGES UNDER PRESERVATION 
REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Preservation of Parklands.--Section 138 of title 23, United 
States Code, as amended by section 1302, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(e) Bridge Exemption From Consideration.--A common post-1945 
concrete or steel bridge or culvert (as described in 77 Fed. Reg. 
68790) that is exempt from individual review under section 306108 of 
title 54 shall be exempt from consideration under this section.''.
    (b) Policy on Lands, Wildlife and Waterfowl Refuges, and Historic 
Sites.--Section 303 of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
section 1302, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Bridge Exemption From Consideration.--A common post-1945 
concrete or steel bridge or culvert (as described in 77 Fed. Reg. 
68790) that is exempt from individual review under section 306108 of 
title 54 shall be exempt from consideration under this section.''.
SEC. 1304. EFFICIENT ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS FOR PROJECT DECISIONMAKING.
    (a) Definitions.--Section 139(a) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
        ``(5) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' means 
    a project that requires the approval of more than 1 Department of 
    Transportation operating administration or secretarial office.''; 
    and
        (2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
        ``(6) Project.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `project' means any highway 
        project, public transportation capital project, or multimodal 
        project that, if implemented as proposed by the project 
        sponsor, would require approval by any operating administration 
        or secretarial office within the Department of Transportation.
            ``(B) Considerations.--In determining whether a project is 
        a project under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall take into 
        account, if known, any sources of Federal funding or financing 
        identified by the project sponsor, including any discretionary 
        grant, loan, and loan guarantee programs administered by the 
        Department of Transportation.''.
    (b) Applicability.--Section 139(b)(3) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A) in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
    striking ``initiate a rulemaking to''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
            ``(B) Requirements.--In carrying out subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary shall ensure that programmatic reviews--
                ``(i) promote transparency, including the transparency 
            of--

                    ``(I) the analyses and data used in the 
                environmental reviews;
                    ``(II) the treatment of any deferred issues raised 
                by agencies or the public; and
                    ``(III) the temporal and spatial scales to be used 
                to analyze issues under subclauses (I) and (II);

                ``(ii) use accurate and timely information, including 
            through establishment of--

                    ``(I) criteria for determining the general duration 
                of the usefulness of the review; and
                    ``(II) a timeline for updating an out-of-date 
                review;

                ``(iii) describe--

                    ``(I) the relationship between any programmatic 
                analysis and future tiered analysis; and
                    ``(II) the role of the public in the creation of 
                future tiered analysis;

                ``(iv) are available to other relevant Federal and 
            State agencies, Indian tribes, and the public; and
                ``(v) provide notice and public comment opportunities 
            consistent with applicable requirements.''.
    (c) Federal Lead Agency.--Section 139(c) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``, or an operating 
    administration thereof designated by the Secretary,'' after 
    ``Department of Transportation''; and
        (2) in paragraph (6)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) to consider and respond to comments received from 
        participating agencies on matters within the special expertise 
        or jurisdiction of those agencies.''.
    (d) Participating Agencies.--
        (1) Invitation.--Section 139(d)(2) of title 23, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking ``The lead agency shall identify, as 
    early as practicable in the environmental review process for a 
    project,'' and inserting ``Not later than 45 days after the date of 
    publication of a notice of intent to prepare an environmental 
    impact statement or the initiation of an environmental assessment, 
    the lead agency shall identify''.
        (2) Single nepa document.--Section 139(d) of title 23, United 
    States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(8) Single nepa document.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as inconsistent with paragraph 
        (7), to the maximum extent practicable and consistent with 
        Federal law, all Federal permits and reviews for a project 
        shall rely on a single environment document prepared under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.) under the leadership of the lead agency.
            ``(B) Use of document.--
                ``(i) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
            the lead agency shall develop an environmental document 
            sufficient to satisfy the requirements for any Federal 
            approval or other Federal action required for the project, 
            including permits issued by other Federal agencies.
                ``(ii) Cooperation of participating agencies.--Other 
            participating agencies shall cooperate with the lead agency 
            and provide timely information to help the lead agency 
            carry out this subparagraph.
            ``(C) Treatment as participating and cooperating 
        agencies.--A Federal agency required to make an approval or 
        take an action for a project, as described in subparagraph (B), 
        shall work with the lead agency for the project to ensure that 
        the agency making the approval or taking the action is treated 
        as being both a participating and cooperating agency for the 
        project.
        ``(9) Participating agency responsibilities.--An agency 
    participating in the environmental review process under this 
    section shall--
            ``(A) provide comments, responses, studies, or 
        methodologies on those areas within the special expertise or 
        jurisdiction of the agency; and
            ``(B) use the process to address any environmental issues 
        of concern to the agency.''.
    (e) Project Initiation.--Section 139(e) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``(including any additional 
    information that the project sponsor considers to be important to 
    initiate the process for the proposed project)'' after ``general 
    location of the proposed project''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Review of application.--Not later than 45 days after the 
    date on which the Secretary receives notification under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall provide to the project sponsor a written 
    response that, as applicable--
            ``(A) describes the determination of the Secretary--
                ``(i) to initiate the environmental review process, 
            including a timeline and an expected date for the 
            publication in the Federal Register of the relevant notice 
            of intent; or
                ``(ii) to decline the application, including an 
            explanation of the reasons for that decision; or
            ``(B) requests additional information, and provides to the 
        project sponsor an accounting regarding what documentation is 
        necessary to initiate the environmental review process.
        ``(4) Request to designate a lead agency.--
            ``(A) In general.--Any project sponsor may submit to the 
        Secretary a request to designate the operating administration 
        or secretarial office within the Department of Transportation 
        with the expertise on the proposed project to serve as the 
        Federal lead agency for the project.
            ``(B) Secretarial action.--
                ``(i) In general.--If the Secretary receives a request 
            under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall respond to the 
            request not later than 45 days after the date of receipt.
                ``(ii) Requirements.--The response under clause (i) 
            shall--

                    ``(I) approve the request;
                    ``(II) deny the request, with an explanation of the 
                reasons for the denial; or
                    ``(III) require the submission of additional 
                information.

                ``(iii) Additional information.--If additional 
            information is submitted in accordance with clause 
            (ii)(III), the Secretary shall respond to the submission 
            not later than 45 days after the date of receipt.
        ``(5) Environmental checklist.--
            ``(A) Development.--The lead agency for a project, in 
        consultation with participating agencies, shall develop, as 
        appropriate, a checklist to help project sponsors identify 
        potential natural, cultural, and historic resources in the area 
        of the project.
            ``(B) Purpose.--The purposes of the checklist are--
                ``(i) to identify agencies and organizations that can 
            provide information about natural, cultural, and historic 
            resources;
                ``(ii) to develop the information needed to determine 
            the range of alternatives; and
                ``(iii) to improve interagency collaboration to help 
            expedite the permitting process for the lead agency and 
            participating agencies.''.
    (f) Purpose and Need.--Section 139(f) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading by inserting ``; Alternatives 
    Analysis'' after ``Need''; and
        (2) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) Participation.--
                ``(i) In general.--As early as practicable during the 
            environmental review process, the lead agency shall provide 
            an opportunity for involvement by participating agencies 
            and the public in determining the range of alternatives to 
            be considered for a project.
                ``(ii) Comments of participating agencies.--To the 
            maximum extent practicable and consistent with applicable 
            law, each participating agency receiving an opportunity for 
            involvement under clause (i) shall limit the comments of 
            the agency to subject matter areas within the special 
            expertise or jurisdiction of the agency.
                ``(iii) Effect of nonparticipation.--A participating 
            agency that declines to participate in the development of 
            the purpose and need and range of alternatives for a 
            project shall be required to comply with the schedule 
            developed under subsection (g)(1)(B).'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) by striking ``Following participation under 
            paragraph (1)'' and inserting the following:
                ``(i) Determination.--Following participation under 
            subparagraph (A)''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) Use.--To the maximum extent practicable and 
            consistent with Federal law, the range of alternatives 
            determined for a project under clause (i) shall be used for 
            all Federal environmental reviews and permit processes 
            required for the project unless the alternatives must be 
            modified--

                    ``(I) to address significant new information or 
                circumstances, and the lead agency and participating 
                agencies agree that the alternatives must be modified 
                to address the new information or circumstances; or
                    ``(II) for the lead agency or a participating 
                agency to fulfill the responsibilities of the agency 
                under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) in a timely manner.''; and

            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) Reduction of duplication.--
                ``(i) In general.--In carrying out this paragraph, the 
            lead agency shall reduce duplication, to the maximum extent 
            practicable, between--

                    ``(I) the evaluation of alternatives under the 
                National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.); and
                    ``(II) the evaluation of alternatives in the 
                metropolitan transportation planning process under 
                section 134 or an environmental review process carried 
                out under State law (referred to in this subparagraph 
                as a `State environmental review process').

                ``(ii) Consideration of alternatives.--The lead agency 
            may eliminate from detailed consideration an alternative 
            proposed in an environmental impact statement regarding a 
            project if, as determined by the lead agency--

                    ``(I) the alternative was considered in a 
                metropolitan planning process or a State environmental 
                review process by a metropolitan planning organization 
                or a State or local transportation agency, as 
                applicable;
                    ``(II) the lead agency provided guidance to the 
                metropolitan planning organization or State or local 
                transportation agency, as applicable, regarding 
                analysis of alternatives in the metropolitan planning 
                process or State environmental review process, 
                including guidance on the requirements of the National 
                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                seq.) and any other Federal law necessary for approval 
                of the project;
                    ``(III) the applicable metropolitan planning 
                process or State environmental review process included 
                an opportunity for public review and comment;
                    ``(IV) the applicable metropolitan planning 
                organization or State or local transportation agency 
                rejected the alternative after considering public 
                comments;
                    ``(V) the Federal lead agency independently 
                reviewed the alternative evaluation approved by the 
                applicable metropolitan planning organization or State 
                or local transportation agency; and
                    ``(VI) the Federal lead agency determined--

                        ``(aa) in consultation with Federal 
                    participating or cooperating agencies, that the 
                    alternative to be eliminated from consideration is 
                    not necessary for compliance with the National 
                    Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                    seq.); or
                        ``(bb) with the concurrence of Federal agencies 
                    with jurisdiction over a permit or approval 
                    required for a project, that the alternative to be 
                    eliminated from consideration is not necessary for 
                    any permit or approval under any other Federal 
                    law.''.
    (g) Coordination and Scheduling.--
        (1) Coordination plan.--Section 139(g)(1) of title 23, United 
    States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The lead agency'' and 
        inserting ``Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        publication of a notice of intent to prepare an environmental 
        impact statement or the initiation of an environmental 
        assessment, the lead agency''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B)(i) by striking ``may establish as 
        part of the coordination plan'' and inserting ``shall establish 
        as part of such coordination plan''.
        (2) Deadlines for decisions under other laws.--Section 
    139(g)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
    preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting ``and publish on the 
    Internet'' after ``House of Representatives''.
    (h) Issue Identification and Resolution.--
        (1) Issue resolution.--Section 139(h) of title 23, United 
    States Code, is amended--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (7) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
        ``(4) Issue resolution.--Any issue resolved by the lead agency 
    with the concurrence of participating agencies may not be 
    reconsidered unless significant new information or circumstances 
    arise.''.
        (2) Failure to assure.--Section 139(h)(5)(C) of title 23, 
    United States Code (as redesignated by paragraph (1)(A)), is 
    amended by striking ``paragraph (5) and'' and inserting ``paragraph 
    (6)''.
        (3) Financial penalty provisions.--Section 139(h)(7)(B) of 
    title 23, United States Code (as redesignated by paragraph (1)(A)), 
    is amended--
            (A) in clause (i)(I) by striking ``under section 106(i) is 
        required'' and inserting ``is required under subsection (h) or 
        (i) of section 106''; and
            (B) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following:
                ``(ii) Description of date.--The date referred to in 
            clause (i) is--

                    ``(I) the date that is 30 days after the date for 
                rendering a decision as described in the project 
                schedule established pursuant to subsection (g)(1)(B);
                    ``(II) if no schedule exists, the later of--

                        ``(aa) the date that is 180 days after the date 
                    on which an application for the permit, license, or 
                    approval is complete; and
                        ``(bb) the date that is 180 days after the date 
                    on which the Federal lead agency issues a decision 
                    on the project under the National Environmental 
                    Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); or

                    ``(III) a modified date in accordance with 
                subsection (g)(1)(D).''.

    (i) Assistance to Affected State and Federal Agencies.--
        (1) In general.--Section 139(j) of title 23, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Authority to provide funds.--The Secretary may allow 
        a public entity receiving financial assistance from the 
        Department of Transportation under this title or chapter 53 of 
        title 49 to provide funds to Federal agencies (including the 
        Department), State agencies, and Indian tribes participating in 
        the environmental review process for the project or program.
            ``(B) Use of funds.--Funds referred to in subparagraph (A) 
        may be provided only to support activities that directly and 
        meaningfully contribute to expediting and improving permitting 
        and review processes, including planning, approval, and 
        consultation processes for the project or program.''.
        (2) Activities eligible for funding.--Section 139(j)(2) of 
    title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``activities 
    directly related to the environmental review process,'' before 
    ``dedicated staffing,''.
        (3) Agreement.--Section 139(j) of title 23, United States Code, 
    is amended by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
        ``(6) Agreement.--Prior to providing funds approved by the 
    Secretary for dedicated staffing at an affected agency under 
    paragraphs (1) and (2), the affected agency and the requesting 
    public entity shall enter into an agreement that establishes the 
    projects and priorities to be addressed by the use of the funds.''.
    (j) Accelerated Decisionmaking; Improving Transparency in 
Environmental Reviews.--
        (1) In general.--Section 139 of title 23, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(n) Accelerated Decisionmaking in Environmental Reviews.--
        ``(1) In general.--In preparing a final environmental impact 
    statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
    U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if the lead agency modifies the statement in 
    response to comments that are minor and are confined to factual 
    corrections or explanations of why the comments do not warrant 
    additional agency response, the lead agency may write on errata 
    sheets attached to the statement instead of rewriting the draft 
    statement, subject to the condition that the errata sheets--
            ``(A) cite the sources, authorities, and reasons that 
        support the position of the agency; and
            ``(B) if appropriate, indicate the circumstances that would 
        trigger agency reappraisal or further response.
        ``(2) Single document.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
    lead agency shall expeditiously develop a single document that 
    consists of a final environmental impact statement and a record of 
    decision, unless--
            ``(A) the final environmental impact statement makes 
        substantial changes to the proposed action that are relevant to 
        environmental or safety concerns; or
            ``(B) there is a significant new circumstance or 
        information relevant to environmental concerns that bears on 
        the proposed action or the impacts of the proposed action.
    ``(o) Improving Transparency in Environmental Reviews.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
    enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) use the searchable Internet website maintained under 
        section 41003(b) of the FAST Act--
                ``(i) to make publicly available the status and 
            progress of projects requiring an environmental assessment 
            or an environmental impact statement with respect to 
            compliance with applicable requirements of the National 
            Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
            and any other Federal, State, or local approval required 
            for those projects; and
                ``(ii) to make publicly available the names of 
            participating agencies not participating in the development 
            of a project purpose and need and range of alternatives 
            under subsection (f); and
            ``(B) issue reporting standards to meet the requirements of 
        subparagraph (A).
        ``(2) Federal, state, and local agency participation.--
            ``(A) Federal agencies.--A Federal agency participating in 
        the environmental review or permitting process for a project 
        shall provide to the Secretary information regarding the status 
        and progress of the approval of the project for publication on 
        the Internet website referred to in paragraph (1)(A), 
        consistent with the standards established under paragraph 
        (1)(B).
            ``(B) State and local agencies.--The Secretary shall 
        encourage State and local agencies participating in the 
        environmental review permitting process for a project to 
        provide information regarding the status and progress of the 
        approval of the project for publication on the Internet website 
        referred to in paragraph (1)(A).
        ``(3) States with delegated authority.--A State with delegated 
    authority for responsibilities under the National Environmental 
    Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) pursuant to section 327 
    shall be responsible for supplying to the Secretary project 
    development and compliance status for all applicable projects.''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1319 of MAP-21 (42 U.S.C. 
    4332a), and the item relating to that section in the table of 
    contents contained in section 1(c) of that Act, are repealed.
    (k) Implementation of Programmatic Compliance.--
        (1) Rulemaking.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete a rulemaking to 
    implement the provisions of section 139(b)(3) of title 23, United 
    States Code, as amended by this section.
        (2) Consultation.--Before initiating the rulemaking under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with relevant Federal 
    agencies, relevant State resource agencies, State departments of 
    transportation, Indian tribes, and the public on the appropriate 
    use and scope of the programmatic approaches.
        (3) Requirements.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
    Secretary shall ensure that the rulemaking meets the requirements 
    of section 139(b)(3)(B) of title 23, United States Code, as amended 
    by this section.
        (4) Comment period.--The Secretary shall--
            (A) allow not fewer than 60 days for public notice and 
        comment on the proposed rule; and
            (B) address any comments received under this subsection.
SEC. 1305. INTEGRATION OF PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW.
    Section 168 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 168. Integration of planning and environmental review
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
        ``(1) Environmental review process.--The term `environmental 
    review process' has the meaning given the term in section 139(a).
        ``(2) Lead agency.--The term `lead agency' has the meaning 
    given the term in section 139(a).
        ``(3) Planning product.--The term `planning product' means a 
    decision, analysis, study, or other documented information that is 
    the result of an evaluation or decisionmaking process carried out 
    by a metropolitan planning organization or a State, as appropriate, 
    during metropolitan or statewide transportation planning under 
    section 134 or 135, respectively.
        ``(4) Project.--The term `project' has the meaning given the 
    term in section 139(a).
        ``(5) Project sponsor.--The term `project sponsor' has the 
    meaning given the term in section 139(a).
        ``(6) Relevant agency.--The term `relevant agency' means the 
    agency with authority under subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection 
    (b)(1).
    ``(b) Adoption or Incorporation by Reference of Planning Products 
for Use in NEPA Proceedings.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsection (d) and to the maximum 
    extent practicable and appropriate, the following agencies may 
    adopt or incorporate by reference and use a planning product in 
    proceedings relating to any class of action in the environmental 
    review process of the project:
            ``(A) The lead agency for a project, with respect to an 
        environmental impact statement, environmental assessment, 
        categorical exclusion, or other document prepared under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.).
            ``(B) The cooperating agency with responsibility under 
        Federal law, with respect to the process for and completion of 
        any environmental permit, approval, review, or study required 
        for a project under any Federal law other than the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if 
        consistent with that law.
        ``(2) Identification.--If the relevant agency makes a 
    determination to adopt or incorporate by reference and use a 
    planning product, the relevant agency shall identify the agencies 
    that participated in the development of the planning products.
        ``(3) Adoption or incorporation by reference of planning 
    products.--The relevant agency may--
            ``(A) adopt or incorporate by reference an entire planning 
        product under paragraph (1); or
            ``(B) select portions of a planning project under paragraph 
        (1) for adoption or incorporation by reference.
        ``(4) Timing.--A determination under paragraph (1) with respect 
    to the adoption or incorporation by reference of a planning product 
    may--
            ``(A) be made at the time the relevant agencies decide the 
        appropriate scope of environmental review for the project; or
            ``(B) occur later in the environmental review process, as 
        appropriate.
    ``(c) Applicability.--
        ``(1) Planning decisions.--The relevant agency in the 
    environmental review process may adopt or incorporate by reference 
    decisions from a planning product, including--
            ``(A) whether tolling, private financial assistance, or 
        other special financial measures are necessary to implement the 
        project;
            ``(B) a decision with respect to general travel corridor or 
        modal choice, including a decision to implement corridor or 
        subarea study recommendations to advance different modal 
        solutions as separate projects with independent utility;
            ``(C) the purpose and the need for the proposed action;
            ``(D) preliminary screening of alternatives and elimination 
        of unreasonable alternatives;
            ``(E) a basic description of the environmental setting;
            ``(F) a decision with respect to methodologies for 
        analysis; and
            ``(G) an identification of programmatic level mitigation 
        for potential impacts of a project, including a programmatic 
        mitigation plan developed in accordance with section 169, that 
        the relevant agency determines are more effectively addressed 
        on a national or regional scale, including--
                ``(i) measures to avoid, minimize, and mitigate impacts 
            at a national or regional scale of proposed transportation 
            investments on environmental resources, including regional 
            ecosystem and water resources; and
                ``(ii) potential mitigation activities, locations, and 
            investments.
        ``(2) Planning analyses.--The relevant agency in the 
    environmental review process may adopt or incorporate by reference 
    analyses from a planning product, including--
            ``(A) travel demands;
            ``(B) regional development and growth;
            ``(C) local land use, growth management, and development;
            ``(D) population and employment;
            ``(E) natural and built environmental conditions;
            ``(F) environmental resources and environmentally sensitive 
        areas;
            ``(G) potential environmental effects, including the 
        identification of resources of concern and potential direct, 
        indirect, and cumulative effects on those resources; and
            ``(H) mitigation needs for a proposed project, or for 
        programmatic level mitigation, for potential effects that the 
        lead agency determines are most effectively addressed at a 
        regional or national program level.
    ``(d) Conditions.--The relevant agency in the environmental review 
process may adopt or incorporate by reference a planning product under 
this section if the relevant agency determines, with the concurrence of 
the lead agency and, if the planning product is necessary for a 
cooperating agency to issue a permit, review, or approval for the 
project, with the concurrence of the cooperating agency, that the 
following conditions have been met:
        ``(1) The planning product was developed through a planning 
    process conducted pursuant to applicable Federal law.
        ``(2) The planning product was developed in consultation with 
    appropriate Federal and State resource agencies and Indian tribes.
        ``(3) The planning process included broad multidisciplinary 
    consideration of systems-level or corridor-wide transportation 
    needs and potential effects, including effects on the human and 
    natural environment.
        ``(4) The planning process included public notice that the 
    planning products produced in the planning process may be adopted 
    during a subsequent environmental review process in accordance with 
    this section.
        ``(5) During the environmental review process, the relevant 
    agency has--
            ``(A) made the planning documents available for public 
        review and comment by members of the general public and 
        Federal, State, local, and tribal governments that may have an 
        interest in the proposed project;
            ``(B) provided notice of the intention of the relevant 
        agency to adopt or incorporate by reference the planning 
        product; and
            ``(C) considered any resulting comments.
        ``(6) There is no significant new information or new 
    circumstance that has a reasonable likelihood of affecting the 
    continued validity or appropriateness of the planning product.
        ``(7) The planning product has a rational basis and is based on 
    reliable and reasonably current data and reasonable and 
    scientifically acceptable methodologies.
        ``(8) The planning product is documented in sufficient detail 
    to support the decision or the results of the analysis and to meet 
    requirements for use of the information in the environmental review 
    process.
        ``(9) The planning product is appropriate for adoption or 
    incorporation by reference and use in the environmental review 
    process for the project and is incorporated in accordance with, and 
    is sufficient to meet the requirements of, the National 
    Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and 
    section 1502.21 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
    effect on the date of enactment of the FAST Act).
        ``(10) The planning product was approved within the 5-year 
    period ending on the date on which the information is adopted or 
    incorporated by reference.
    ``(e) Effect of Adoption or Incorporation by Reference.--Any 
planning product adopted or incorporated by reference by the relevant 
agency in accordance with this section may be--
        ``(1) incorporated directly into an environmental review 
    process document or other environmental document; and
        ``(2) relied on and used by other Federal agencies in carrying 
    out reviews of the project.
    ``(f) Rules of Construction.--
        ``(1) In general.--This section does not make the environmental 
    review process applicable to the transportation planning process 
    conducted under this title and chapter 53 of title 49.
        ``(2) Transportation planning activities.--Initiation of the 
    environmental review process as a part of, or concurrently with, 
    transportation planning activities does not subject transportation 
    plans and programs to the environmental review process.
        ``(3) Planning products.--This section does not affect the use 
    of planning products in the environmental review process pursuant 
    to other authorities under any other provision of law or restrict 
    the initiation of the environmental review process during 
    planning.''.
SEC. 1306. DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMMATIC MITIGATION PLANS.
    Section 169(f) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``may use'' and inserting ``shall give 
    substantial weight to''; and
        (2) by inserting ``or other Federal environmental law'' before 
    the period at the end.
SEC. 1307. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR STATES.
    Section 326 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Assistance to states.--On request of a Governor of a 
    State, the Secretary shall provide to the State technical 
    assistance, training, or other support relating to--
            ``(A) assuming responsibility under subsection (a);
            ``(B) developing a memorandum of understanding under this 
        subsection; or
            ``(C) addressing a responsibility in need of corrective 
        action under subsection (d)(1)(B).''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(1) Termination by secretary.--The Secretary may terminate 
    the participation of any State in the program if--
            ``(A) the Secretary determines that the State is not 
        adequately carrying out the responsibilities assigned to the 
        State;
            ``(B) the Secretary provides to the State--
                ``(i) a notification of the determination of 
            noncompliance;
                ``(ii) a period of not less than 120 days to take such 
            corrective action as the Secretary determines to be 
            necessary to comply with the applicable agreement; and
                ``(iii) on request of the Governor of the State, a 
            detailed description of each responsibility in need of 
            corrective action regarding an inadequacy identified under 
            subparagraph (A); and
            ``(C) the State, after the notification and period 
        described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (B), fails to 
        take satisfactory corrective action, as determined by the 
        Secretary.''.
SEC. 1308. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROJECT DELIVERY PROGRAM.
    Section 327 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B)(iii) by striking ``(42 U.S.C. 13 
    4321 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(4) by inserting ``reasonably'' before 
    ``considers necessary'';
        (3) in subsection (e) by inserting ``and without further 
    approval of'' after ``in lieu of'';
        (4) in subsection (g)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--To ensure compliance by a State with any 
    agreement of the State under subsection (c) (including compliance 
    by the State with all Federal laws for which responsibility is 
    assumed under subsection (a)(2)), for each State participating in 
    the program under this section, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) not later than 180 days after the date of execution 
        of the agreement, meet with the State to review implementation 
        of the agreement and discuss plans for the first annual audit;
            ``(B) conduct annual audits during each of the first 4 
        years of State participation; and
            ``(C) ensure that the time period for completing an annual 
        audit, from initiation to completion (including public comment 
        and responses to those comments), does not exceed 180 days.''; 
        and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Audit team.--
            ``(A) In general.--An audit conducted under paragraph (1) 
        shall be carried out by an audit team determined by the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the State, in accordance with 
        subparagraph (B).
            ``(B) Consultation.--Consultation with the State under 
        subparagraph (A) shall include a reasonable opportunity for the 
        State to review and provide comments on the proposed members of 
        the audit team.'';
        (5) in subsection (j) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(1) Termination by secretary.--The Secretary may terminate 
    the participation of any State in the program if--
            ``(A) the Secretary determines that the State is not 
        adequately carrying out the responsibilities assigned to the 
        State;
            ``(B) the Secretary provides to the State--
                ``(i) a notification of the determination of 
            noncompliance;
                ``(ii) a period of not less than 120 days to take such 
            corrective action as the Secretary determines to be 
            necessary to comply with the applicable agreement; and
                ``(iii) on request of the Governor of the State, a 
            detailed description of each responsibility in need of 
            corrective action regarding an inadequacy identified under 
            subparagraph (A); and
            ``(C) the State, after the notification and period provided 
        under subparagraph (B), fails to take satisfactory corrective 
        action, as determined by the Secretary.''; and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Capacity Building.--The Secretary, in cooperation with 
representatives of State officials, may carry out education, training, 
peer-exchange, and other initiatives as appropriate--
        ``(1) to assist States in developing the capacity to 
    participate in the assignment program under this section; and
        ``(2) to promote information sharing and collaboration among 
    States that are participating in the assignment program under this 
    section.
    ``(l) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--A State 
granted authority under this section may, as appropriate and at the 
request of a local government--
        ``(1) exercise such authority on behalf of the local government 
    for a locally administered project; or
        ``(2) provide guidance and training on consolidating and 
    minimizing the documentation and environmental analyses necessary 
    for sponsors of a locally administered project to comply with the 
    National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
    and any comparable requirements under State law.''.
SEC. 1309. PROGRAM FOR ELIMINATING DUPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL 
REVIEWS.
    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to eliminate 
duplication of environmental reviews and approvals under State laws and 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    (b) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 330. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental 
   reviews
    ``(a) Establishment.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot 
    program to authorize States that have assumed responsibilities of 
    the Secretary under section 327 and are approved to participate in 
    the program under this section to conduct environmental reviews and 
    make approvals for projects under State environmental laws and 
    regulations instead of the National Environmental Policy Act of 
    1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), consistent with the requirements of 
    this section.
        ``(2) Participating states.--The Secretary may select not more 
    than 5 States to participate in the program.
        ``(3) Alternative environmental review and approval procedures 
    defined.--In this section, the term `alternative environmental 
    review and approval procedures' means--
            ``(A) substitution of 1 or more State environmental laws 
        for--
                ``(i) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
            U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                ``(ii) any provisions of section 139 establishing 
            procedures for the implementation of the National 
            Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
            that are under the authority of the Secretary, as the 
            Secretary, in consultation with the State, considers 
            appropriate; and
                ``(iii) related regulations and Executive orders; and
            ``(B) substitution of 1 or more State environmental 
        regulations for--
                ``(i) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
            U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                ``(ii) any provisions of section 139 establishing 
            procedures for the implementation of the National 
            Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
            that are under the authority of the Secretary, as the 
            Secretary, in consultation with the State, considers 
            appropriate; and
                ``(iii) related regulations and Executive orders.
    ``(b) Application.--To be eligible to participate in the program, a 
State shall submit to the Secretary an application containing such 
information as the Secretary may require, including--
        ``(1) a full and complete description of the proposed 
    alternative environmental review and approval procedures of the 
    State, including--
            ``(A) the procedures the State uses to engage the public 
        and consider alternatives to the proposed action; and
            ``(B) the extent to which the State considers environmental 
        consequences or impacts on resources potentially impacted by 
        the proposed action (such as air, water, or species);
        ``(2) each Federal requirement described in subsection (a)(3) 
    that the State is seeking to substitute;
        ``(3) each State law or regulation that the State intends to 
    substitute for such Federal requirement;
        ``(4) an explanation of the basis for concluding that the State 
    law or regulation is at least as stringent as the Federal 
    requirement described in subsection (a)(3);
        ``(5) a description of the projects or classes of projects for 
    which the State anticipates exercising the authority that may be 
    granted under the program;
        ``(6) verification that the State has the financial resources 
    necessary to carry out the authority that may be granted under the 
    program;
        ``(7) evidence of having sought, received, and addressed 
    comments on the proposed application from the public; and
        ``(8) any such additional information as the Secretary, or, 
    with respect to section (d)(1)(A), the Secretary in consultation 
    with the Chair, may require.
    ``(c) Review of Application.--In accordance with subsection (d), 
the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) review and accept public comments on an application 
    submitted under subsection (b);
        ``(2) approve or disapprove the application not later than 120 
    days after the date of receipt of an application that the Secretary 
    determines is complete; and
        ``(3) transmit to the State notice of the approval or 
    disapproval, together with a statement of the reasons for the 
    approval or disapproval.
    ``(d) Approval of Application.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall approve an application 
    submitted under subsection (b) only if--
            ``(A) the Secretary, with the concurrence of the Chair and 
        after considering any public comments received pursuant to 
        subsection (c), determines that the laws and regulations of the 
        State described in the application are at least as stringent as 
        the Federal requirements described in subsection (a)(3);
            ``(B) the Secretary, after considering any public comments 
        received pursuant to subsection (c), determines that the State 
        has the capacity, including financial and personnel, to assume 
        the responsibility;
            ``(C) the State has executed an agreement with the 
        Secretary in accordance with section 327; and
            ``(D) the State has executed an agreement with the 
        Secretary under this section that--
                ``(i) has been executed by the Governor or the top-
            ranking transportation official in the State who is charged 
            with responsibility for highway construction;
                ``(ii) is in such form as the Secretary may prescribe;
                ``(iii) provides that the State--

                    ``(I) agrees to assume the responsibilities, as 
                identified by the Secretary, under this section;
                    ``(II) expressly consents, on behalf of the State, 
                to accept the jurisdiction of the Federal courts under 
                subsection (e)(1) for the compliance, discharge, and 
                enforcement of any responsibility under this section;
                    ``(III) certifies that State laws (including 
                regulations) are in effect that--

                        ``(aa) authorize the State to take the actions 
                    necessary to carry out the responsibilities being 
                    assumed; and
                        ``(bb) are comparable to section 552 of title 
                    5, including providing that any decision regarding 
                    the public availability of a document under those 
                    State laws is reviewable by a court of competent 
                    jurisdiction; and

                    ``(IV) agrees to maintain the financial resources 
                necessary to carry out the responsibilities being 
                assumed;

                ``(iv) requires the State to provide to the Secretary 
            any information the Secretary reasonably considers 
            necessary to ensure that the State is adequately carrying 
            out the responsibilities assigned to the State;
                ``(v) has a term of not more than 5 years; and
                ``(vi) is renewable.
        ``(2) Exclusion.--The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
    (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) shall not apply to a decision by the 
    Secretary to approve or disapprove an application submitted under 
    this section.
    ``(e) Judicial Review.--
        ``(1) In general.--The United States district courts shall have 
    exclusive jurisdiction over any civil action against a State 
    relating to the failure of the State--
            ``(A) to meet the requirements of this section; or
            ``(B) to follow the alternative environmental review and 
        approval procedures approved pursuant to this section.
        ``(2) Limitation on review.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, a claim seeking judicial review of a permit, license, or 
        approval issued by a State under this section shall be barred 
        unless the claim is filed not later than 2 years after the date 
        of publication in the Federal Register by the Secretary of a 
        notice that the permit, license, or approval is final pursuant 
        to the law under which the action is taken.
            ``(B) Deadlines.--
                ``(i) Notification.--The State shall notify the 
            Secretary of the final action of the State not later than 
            10 days after the final action is taken.
                ``(ii) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish the 
            notice of final action in the Federal Register not later 
            than 30 days after the date of receipt of the notice under 
            clause (i).
            ``(C) Savings provision.--Nothing in this subsection 
        creates a right to judicial review or places any limit on 
        filing a claim that a person has violated the terms of a 
        permit, license, or approval.
        ``(3) New information.--
            ``(A) In general.--A State shall consider new information 
        received after the close of a comment period if the information 
        satisfies the requirements for a supplemental environmental 
        impact statement under section 771.130 of title 23, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (or successor regulations).
            ``(B) Treatment of final agency action.--
                ``(i) In general.--The final agency action that follows 
            preparation of a supplemental environmental impact 
            statement, if required, shall be considered a separate 
            final agency action, and the deadline for filing a claim 
            for judicial review of the action shall be 2 years after 
            the date of publication in the Federal Register by the 
            Secretary of a notice announcing such action.
                ``(ii) Deadlines.--

                    ``(I) Notification.--The State shall notify the 
                Secretary of the final action of the State not later 
                than 10 days after the final action is taken.
                    ``(II) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish 
                the notice of final action in the Federal Register not 
                later than 30 days after the date of receipt of the 
                notice under subclause (I).

    ``(f) Election.--A State participating in the programs under this 
section and section 327, at the discretion of the State, may elect to 
apply the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
seq.) instead of the alternative environmental review and approval 
procedures of the State.
    ``(g) Adoption or Incorporation by Reference of Documents.--To the 
maximum extent practicable and consistent with Federal law, other 
Federal agencies with authority over a project subject to this section 
shall adopt or incorporate by reference documents produced by a 
participating State under this section to satisfy the requirements of 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    ``(h) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--
        ``(1) In general.--A State with an approved program under this 
    section, at the request of a local government, may exercise 
    authority under that program on behalf of up to 25 local 
    governments for locally administered projects.
        ``(2) Scope.--For up to 25 local governments selected by a 
    State with an approved program under this section, the State shall 
    be responsible for ensuring that any environmental review, 
    consultation, or other action required under the National 
    Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or the 
    State program, or both, meets the requirements of such Act or 
    program.
    ``(i) Review and Termination.--
        ``(1) In general.--A State program approved under this section 
    shall at all times be in accordance with the requirements of this 
    section.
        ``(2) Review.--The Secretary shall review each State program 
    approved under this section not less than once every 5 years.
        ``(3) Public notice and comment.--In conducting the review 
    process under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide notice and 
    an opportunity for public comment.
        ``(4) Withdrawal of approval.--If the Secretary, in 
    consultation with the Chair, determines at any time that a State is 
    not administering a State program approved under this section in 
    accordance with the requirements of this section, the Secretary 
    shall so notify the State, and if appropriate corrective action is 
    not taken within a reasonable time, not to exceed 90 days, the 
    Secretary shall withdraw approval of the State program.
        ``(5) Extensions and terminations.--At the conclusion of the 
    review process under paragraph (2), the Secretary may extend for an 
    additional 5-year period or terminate the authority of a State 
    under this section to substitute the laws and regulations of the 
    State for the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
    4321 et seq.).
    ``(j) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
Works of the Senate a report that describes the administration of the 
program, including--
        ``(1) the number of States participating in the program;
        ``(2) the number and types of projects for which each State 
    participating in the program has used alternative environmental 
    review and approval procedures;
        ``(3) a description and assessment of whether implementation of 
    the program has resulted in more efficient review of projects; and
        ``(4) any recommendations for modifications to the program.
    ``(k) Sunset.--The program shall terminate 12 years after the date 
of enactment of this section.
    ``(l) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
        ``(1) Chair.--The term `Chair' means the Chair of the Council 
    on Environmental Quality.
        ``(2) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' has 
    the meaning given that term in section 139(a).
        ``(3) Program.--The term `program' means the pilot program 
    established under this section.
        ``(4) Project.--The term `project' means--
            ``(A) a project requiring approval under this title, 
        chapter 53 of subtitle III of title 49, or subtitle V of title 
        49; and
            ``(B) a multimodal project.''.
    (c) Rulemaking.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
    Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality, shall promulgate 
    regulations to implement the requirements of section 330 of title 
    23, United States Code, as added by this section.
        (2) Determination of stringency.--As part of the rulemaking 
    required under this subsection, the Chair shall--
            (A) establish the criteria necessary to determine that a 
        State law or regulation is at least as stringent as a Federal 
        requirement described in section 330(a)(3) of title 23, United 
        States Code; and
            (B) ensure that the criteria, at a minimum--
                (i) provide for protection of the environment;
                (ii) provide opportunity for public participation and 
            comment, including access to the documentation necessary to 
            review the potential impact of a project; and
                (iii) ensure a consistent review of projects that would 
            otherwise have been covered under the National 
            Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``330. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental reviews.''.
SEC. 1310. APPLICATION OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS FOR MULTIMODAL 
PROJECTS.
    Section 304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``operating authority that'' and 
            inserting ``operating administration or secretarial office 
            that has expertise but''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``proposed multimodal'' after ``with 
            respect to a''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Lead authority.--The term `lead authority' means a 
    Department of Transportation operating administration or 
    secretarial office that has the lead responsibility for compliance 
    with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
    et seq.) with respect to a proposed multimodal project.'';
        (2) in subsection (b) by inserting ``or title 23'' after 
    ``under this title'';
        (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Application of Categorical Exclusions for Multimodal 
Projects.--In considering the environmental impacts of a proposed 
multimodal project, a lead authority may apply categorical exclusions 
designated under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) in implementing regulations or procedures of a 
cooperating authority for a proposed multimodal project, subject to the 
conditions that--
        ``(1) the lead authority makes a determination, with the 
    concurrence of the cooperating authority--
            ``(A) on the applicability of a categorical exclusion to a 
        proposed multimodal project; and
            ``(B) that the project satisfies the conditions for a 
        categorical exclusion under the National Environmental Policy 
        Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and this section;
        ``(2) the lead authority follows the implementing regulations 
    of the cooperating authority or procedures under that Act; and
        ``(3) the lead authority determines that--
            ``(A) the proposed multimodal project does not individually 
        or cumulatively have a significant impact on the environment; 
        and
            ``(B) extraordinary circumstances do not exist that merit 
        additional analysis and documentation in an environmental 
        impact statement or environmental assessment required under 
        that Act.''; and
        (4) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Cooperating Authority Expertise.--A cooperating authority 
shall provide expertise to the lead authority on aspects of the 
multimodal project in which the cooperating authority has expertise.''.
SEC. 1311. ACCELERATED DECISIONMAKING IN ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.
    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 304 the following:
``Sec. 304a. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews
    ``(a) In General.--In preparing a final environmental impact 
statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if the lead agency modifies the statement in 
response to comments that are minor and are confined to factual 
corrections or explanations of why the comments do not warrant 
additional agency response, the lead agency may write on errata sheets 
attached to the statement, instead of rewriting the draft statement, 
subject to the condition that the errata sheets--
        ``(1) cite the sources, authorities, and reasons that support 
    the position of the agency; and
        ``(2) if appropriate, indicate the circumstances that would 
    trigger agency reappraisal or further response.
    ``(b) Single Document.--To the maximum extent practicable, the lead 
agency shall expeditiously develop a single document that consists of a 
final environmental impact statement and a record of decision, unless--
        ``(1) the final environmental impact statement makes 
    substantial changes to the proposed action that are relevant to 
    environmental or safety concerns; or
        ``(2) there is a significant new circumstance or information 
    relevant to environmental concerns that bears on the proposed 
    action or the impacts of the proposed action.
    ``(c) Adoption and Incorporation by Reference of Documents.--
        ``(1) Avoiding duplication.--To prevent duplication of analyses 
    and support expeditious and efficient decisions, the operating 
    administrations of the Department of Transportation shall use 
    adoption and incorporation by reference in accordance with this 
    subsection.
        ``(2) Adoption of documents of other operating 
    administrations.--An operating administration or a secretarial 
    office within the Department of Transportation may adopt a draft 
    environmental impact statement, an environmental assessment, or a 
    final environmental impact statement of another operating 
    administration for the use of the adopting operating administration 
    when preparing an environmental assessment or final environmental 
    impact statement for a project without recirculating the document 
    for public review, if--
            ``(A) the adopting operating administration certifies that 
        the proposed action is substantially the same as the project 
        considered in the document to be adopted;
            ``(B) the other operating administration concurs with such 
        decision; and
            ``(C) such actions are consistent with the requirements of 
        the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
        et seq.).
        ``(3) Incorporation by reference.--An operating administration 
    or secretarial office within the Department of Transportation may 
    incorporate by reference all or portions of a draft environmental 
    impact statement, an environmental assessment, or a final 
    environmental impact statement for the use of the adopting 
    operating administration when preparing an environmental assessment 
    or final environmental impact statement for a project if--
            ``(A) the incorporated material is cited in the 
        environmental assessment or final environmental impact 
        statement and the contents of the incorporated material are 
        briefly described;
            ``(B) the incorporated material is reasonably available for 
        inspection by potentially interested persons within the time 
        allowed for review and comment; and
            ``(C) the incorporated material does not include 
        proprietary data that is not available for review and 
        comment.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 304 the following:

``304a. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.''.
SEC. 1312. IMPROVING STATE AND FEDERAL AGENCY ENGAGEMENT IN 
ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.
    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 306 the following:
``Sec. 307. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in 
   environmental reviews
    ``(a) In General.--
        ``(1) Requests to provide funds.--A public entity receiving 
    financial assistance from the Department of Transportation for 1 or 
    more projects, or for a program of projects, for a public purpose 
    may request that the Secretary allow the public entity to provide 
    funds to Federal agencies, including the Department, State 
    agencies, and Indian tribes participating in the environmental 
    planning and review process for the project, projects, or program.
        ``(2) Use of funds.--The funds may be provided only to support 
    activities that directly and meaningfully contribute to expediting 
    and improving permitting and review processes, including planning, 
    approval, and consultation processes for the project, projects, or 
    program.
    ``(b) Activities Eligible for Funding.--Activities for which funds 
may be provided under subsection (a) include transportation planning 
activities that precede the initiation of the environmental review 
process, activities directly related to the environmental review 
process, dedicated staffing, training of agency personnel, information 
gathering and mapping, and development of programmatic agreements.
    ``(c) Amounts.--A request under subsection (a) may be approved only 
for the additional amounts that the Secretary determines are necessary 
for the Federal agencies, State agencies, or Indian tribes 
participating in the environmental review process to timely conduct the 
review.
    ``(d) Agreements.--Prior to providing funds approved by the 
Secretary for dedicated staffing at an affected Federal agency under 
subsection (a), the affected Federal agency and the requesting public 
entity shall enter into an agreement that establishes a process to 
identify projects or priorities to be addressed by the use of the 
funds.
    ``(e) Guidance.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue guidance to 
    implement this section.
        ``(2) Factors.--As part of the guidance issued under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall ensure--
            ``(A) to the maximum extent practicable, that expediting 
        and improving the process of environmental review and 
        permitting through the use of funds accepted and expended under 
        this section does not adversely affect the timeline for review 
        and permitting by Federal agencies, State agencies, or Indian 
        tribes of other entities that have not contributed funds under 
        this section;
            ``(B) that the use of funds accepted under this section 
        will not impact impartial decisionmaking with respect to 
        environmental reviews or permits, either substantively or 
        procedurally; and
            ``(C) that the Secretary maintains, and makes publicly 
        available, including on the Internet, a list of projects or 
        programs for which such review or permits have been carried out 
        using funds authorized under this section.
    ``(f) Existing Authority.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to conflict with section 139(j) of title 23.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 306 the following:

``307. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in environmental 
          reviews.''.
SEC. 1313. ALIGNING FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.
    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 309 the following:
``Sec. 310. Aligning Federal environmental reviews
    ``(a) Coordinated and Concurrent Environmental Reviews.--Not later 
than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, the Department 
of Transportation, in coordination with the heads of Federal agencies 
likely to have substantive review or approval responsibilities under 
Federal law, shall develop a coordinated and concurrent environmental 
review and permitting process for transportation projects when 
initiating an environmental impact statement under the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) (in this 
section referred to as `NEPA').
    ``(b) Contents.--The coordinated and concurrent environmental 
review and permitting process developed under subsection (a) shall--
        ``(1) ensure that the Department of Transportation and agencies 
    of jurisdiction possess sufficient information early in the review 
    process to determine a statement of a transportation project's 
    purpose and need and range of alternatives for analysis that the 
    lead agency and agencies of jurisdiction will rely on for 
    concurrent environmental reviews and permitting decisions required 
    for the proposed project;
        ``(2) achieve early concurrence or issue resolution during the 
    NEPA scoping process on the Department of Transportation's 
    statement of a project's purpose and need, and during development 
    of the environmental impact statement on the range of alternatives 
    for analysis, that the lead agency and agencies of jurisdiction 
    will rely on for concurrent environmental reviews and permitting 
    decisions required for the proposed project absent circumstances 
    that require reconsideration in order to meet an agency of 
    jurisdiction's obligations under a statute or Executive order; and
        ``(3) achieve concurrence or issue resolution in an expedited 
    manner if circumstances arise that require a reconsideration of the 
    purpose and need or range of alternatives considered during any 
    Federal agency's environmental or permitting review in order to 
    meet an agency of jurisdiction's obligations under a statute or 
    Executive order.
    ``(c) Environmental Checklist.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation and 
    Federal agencies of jurisdiction likely to have substantive review 
    or approval responsibilities on transportation projects shall 
    jointly develop a checklist to help project sponsors identify 
    potential natural, cultural, and historic resources in the area of 
    a proposed project.
        ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the checklist shall be to--
            ``(A) identify agencies of jurisdiction and cooperating 
        agencies;
            ``(B) develop the information needed for the purpose and 
        need and alternatives for analysis; and
            ``(C) improve interagency collaboration to help expedite 
        the permitting process for the lead agency and agencies of 
        jurisdiction.
    ``(d) Interagency Collaboration.--
        ``(1) In general.--Consistent with Federal environmental 
    statutes, the Secretary of Transportation shall facilitate annual 
    interagency collaboration sessions at the appropriate 
    jurisdictional level to coordinate business plans and facilitate 
    coordination of workload planning and workforce management.
        ``(2) Purpose of collaboration sessions.--The interagency 
    collaboration sessions shall ensure that agency staff is--
            ``(A) fully engaged;
            ``(B) utilizing the flexibility of existing regulations, 
        policies, and guidance; and
            ``(C) identifying additional actions to facilitate high 
        quality, efficient, and targeted environmental reviews and 
        permitting decisions.
        ``(3) Focus of collaboration sessions.--The interagency 
    collaboration sessions, and the interagency collaborations 
    generated by the sessions, shall focus on methods to--
            ``(A) work with State and local transportation entities to 
        improve project planning, siting, and application quality; and
            ``(B) consult and coordinate with relevant stakeholders and 
        Federal, tribal, State, and local representatives early in 
        permitting processes.
        ``(4) Consultation.--The interagency collaboration sessions 
    shall include a consultation with groups or individuals 
    representing State, tribal, and local governments that are engaged 
    in the infrastructure permitting process.
    ``(e) Performance Measurement.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation, in 
coordination with relevant Federal agencies, shall establish a program 
to measure and report on progress toward aligning Federal reviews and 
reducing permitting and project delivery time as outlined in this 
section.
    ``(f) Reports.--
        ``(1) Report to congress.--Not later than 2 years after the 
    date of enactment of this section and biennially thereafter, the 
    Secretary of Transportation shall submit to the Committee on 
    Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
    Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
    Representatives a report that describes--
            ``(A) progress in aligning Federal environmental reviews 
        under this section; and
            ``(B) the impact this section has had on accelerating the 
        environmental review and permitting process.
        ``(2) Inspector general report.--Not later than 3 years after 
    the date of enactment of this section, the Inspector General of the 
    Department of Transportation shall submit to the Committee on 
    Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
    Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
    Representatives a report that describes--
            ``(A) progress in aligning Federal environmental reviews 
        under this section; and
            ``(B) the impact this section has had on accelerating the 
        environmental review and permitting process.
    ``(g) Savings Provision.--This section shall not apply to any 
project subject to section 139 of title 23.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 309 the following:

``310. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.''.
SEC. 1314. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR PROJECTS OF LIMITED FEDERAL 
ASSISTANCE.
    (a) Adjustment for Inflation.--Section 1317 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 
109 note; Public Law 112-141) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``(as adjusted annually by 
    the Secretary to reflect any increases in the Consumer Price Index 
    prepared by the Department of Labor)'' after ``$5,000,000''; and
        (2) in paragraph (1)(B) by inserting ``(as adjusted annually by 
    the Secretary to reflect any increases in the Consumer Price Index 
    prepared by the Department of Labor)'' after ``$30,000,000''.
    (b) Retroactive Application.--The first adjustment made pursuant to 
the amendments made by subsection (a) shall--
        (1) be carried out not later than 60 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act; and
        (2) reflect the increase in the Consumer Price Index since July 
    1, 2012.
SEC. 1315. PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT TEMPLATE.
    (a) In General.--Section 1318 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; Public 
Law 112-141) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Programmatic Agreement Template.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a template 
    programmatic agreement described in subsection (d) that provides 
    for efficient and adequate procedures for evaluating Federal 
    actions described in section 771.117(c) of title 23, Code of 
    Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of this 
    subsection).
        ``(2) Use of template.--The Secretary--
            ``(A) on receipt of a request from a State, shall use the 
        template programmatic agreement developed under paragraph (1) 
        in carrying out this section; and
            ``(B) on consent of the applicable State, may modify the 
        template as necessary to address the unique needs and 
        characteristics of the State.
        ``(3) Outcome measurements.--The Secretary shall establish a 
    method to verify that actions described in section 771.117(c) of 
    title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of 
    enactment of this subsection), are evaluated and documented in a 
    consistent manner by the State that uses the template programmatic 
    agreement under this subsection.''.
    (b) Categorical Exclusion Determinations.--Not later than 30 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise 
section 771.117(g) of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, to allow a 
programmatic agreement under this section to include responsibility for 
making categorical exclusion determinations--
        (1) for actions described in subsections (c) and (d) of section 
    771.117 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations; and
        (2) that meet the criteria for a categorical exclusion under 
    section 1508.4 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
    effect on the date of enactment of this Act), and are identified in 
    the programmatic agreement.
SEC. 1316. ASSUMPTION OF AUTHORITIES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall use the authority under 
section 106(c) of title 23, United States Code, to the maximum extent 
practicable, to allow a State to assume the responsibilities of the 
Secretary for project design, plans, specifications, estimates, 
contract awards, and inspection of projects, on both a project-specific 
and programmatic basis.
    (b) Submission of Recommendations.--Not later than 18 months after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with 
the States, shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate recommendations for 
legislation to permit the assumption of additional authorities by 
States, including with respect to real estate acquisition and project 
design.
SEC. 1317. MODERNIZATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall examine ways to modernize, 
simplify, and improve the implementation of the National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) by the Department.
    (b) Inclusions.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall consider--
        (1) the use of technology in the process, such as--
            (A) searchable databases;
            (B) geographic information system mapping tools;
            (C) integration of those tools with fiscal management 
        systems to provide more detailed data; and
            (D) other innovative technologies;
        (2) ways to prioritize use of programmatic environmental impact 
    statements;
        (3) methods to encourage cooperating agencies to present 
    analyses in a concise format; and
        (4) any other improvements that can be made to modernize 
    process implementation.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report describing the 
results of the review carried out under subsection (a).
SEC. 1318. ASSESSMENT OF PROGRESS ON ACCELERATING PROJECT DELIVERY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall assess 
the progress made under this Act, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141), and 
SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59), including the amendments made by those 
Acts, to accelerate the delivery of Federal-aid highway and highway 
safety construction projects and public transportation capital projects 
by streamlining the environmental review and permitting process.
    (b) Contents.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
evaluate--
        (1) how often the various streamlining provisions have been 
    used;
        (2) which of the streamlining provisions have had the greatest 
    impact on streamlining the environmental review and permitting 
    process;
        (3) what, if any, impact streamlining of the process has had on 
    environmental protection;
        (4) how, and the extent to which, streamlining provisions have 
    improved and accelerated the process for permitting under the 
    Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), the 
    Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other 
    applicable Federal laws;
        (5) what impact actions by the Council on Environmental Quality 
    have had on accelerating Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
    construction projects and public transportation capital projects;
        (6) the number and percentage of projects that proceed under a 
    traditional environmental assessment or environmental impact 
    statement, and the number and percentage of projects that proceed 
    under categorical exclusions;
        (7) the extent to which the environmental review and permitting 
    process remains a significant source of project delay and the 
    sources of delays; and
        (8) the costs of conducting environmental reviews and issuing 
    permits or licenses for a project, including the cost of 
    contractors and dedicated agency staff.
    (c) Recommendations.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
shall include recommendations with respect to--
        (1) additional opportunities for streamlining the environmental 
    review process, including regulatory or statutory changes to 
    accelerate the processes of Federal agencies (other than the 
    Department) with responsibility for reviewing Federal-aid highway 
    and highway safety construction projects and public transportation 
    capital projects without negatively impacting the environment; and
        (2) best practices of other Federal agencies that should be 
    considered for adoption by the Department.
    (d) Report to Congress.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report containing the 
assessment and recommendations required under this section.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

SEC. 1401. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR AUTOMATED TRAFFIC 
ENFORCEMENT.
    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), for fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020, funds apportioned to a State under section 
104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, may not be used to purchase, 
operate, or maintain an automated traffic enforcement system.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) does not apply to an automated 
traffic enforcement system located in a school zone.
    (c) Automated Traffic Enforcement System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``automated traffic enforcement system'' means any camera that 
captures an image of a vehicle for the purposes of traffic law 
enforcement.
SEC. 1402. HIGHWAY TRUST FUND TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.
    (a) In General.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Highway Trust Fund Transparency and Accountability Reports.--
        ``(1) Compilation of data.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall compile data 
    in accordance with this subsection on the use of Federal-aid 
    highway funds made available under this title.
        ``(2) Requirements.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
    reports required under this subsection are made available in a 
    user-friendly manner on the public Internet website of the 
    Department of Transportation and can be searched and downloaded by 
    users of the website.
        ``(3) Contents of reports.--
            ``(A) Apportioned and allocated programs.--On a semiannual 
        basis, the Secretary shall make available a report on funding 
        apportioned and allocated to the States under this title that 
        describes--
                ``(i) the amount of funding obligated by each State, 
            year-to-date, for the current fiscal year;
                ``(ii) the amount of funds remaining available for 
            obligation by each State;
                ``(iii) changes in the obligated, unexpended balance 
            for each State, year-to-date, during the current fiscal 
            year, including the obligated, unexpended balance at the 
            end of the preceding fiscal year and current fiscal year 
            expenditures;
                ``(iv) the amount and program category of unobligated 
            funding, year-to-date, available for expenditure at the 
            discretion of the Secretary;
                ``(v) the rates of obligation on and off the National 
            Highway System, year-to-date, for the current fiscal year 
            of funds apportioned, allocated, or set aside under this 
            section, according to--

                    ``(I) program;
                    ``(II) funding category or subcategory;
                    ``(III) type of improvement;
                    ``(IV) State; and
                    ``(V) sub-State geographical area, including 
                urbanized and rural areas, on the basis of the 
                population of each such area; and

                ``(vi) the amount of funds transferred by each State, 
            year-to-date, for the current fiscal year between programs 
            under section 126.
            ``(B) Project data.--On an annual basis, the Secretary 
        shall make available a report that provides, for any project 
        funded under this title (excluding projects for which funds are 
        transferred to agencies other than the Federal Highway 
        Administration) with an estimated total cost as of the start of 
        construction greater than $25,000,000, and to the maximum 
        extent practicable, other projects funded under this title, 
        project data describing--
                ``(i) the specific location of the project;
                ``(ii) the total cost of the project;
                ``(iii) the amount of Federal funding obligated for the 
            project;
                ``(iv) the program or programs from which Federal funds 
            have been obligated for the project;
                ``(v) the type of improvement being made, such as 
            categorizing the project as--

                    ``(I) a road reconstruction project;
                    ``(II) a new road construction project;
                    ``(III) a new bridge construction project;
                    ``(IV) a bridge rehabilitation project; or
                    ``(V) a bridge replacement project;

                ``(vi) the ownership of the highway or bridge;
                ``(vii) whether the project is located in an area of 
            the State with a population of--

                    ``(I) less than 5,000 individuals;
                    ``(II) 5,000 or more individuals but less than 
                50,000 individuals;
                    ``(III) 50,000 or more individuals but less than 
                200,000 individuals; or
                    ``(IV) 200,000 or more individuals; and

                ``(viii) available information on the estimated cost of 
            the project as of the start of project construction, or the 
            revised cost estimate based on a description of revisions 
            to the scope of work or other factors affecting project 
            cost other than cost overruns.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1503 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 104 
note; Public Law 112-141) is amended by striking subsection (c).
SEC. 1403. ADDITIONAL DEPOSITS INTO HIGHWAY TRUST FUND.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 104 the following:
``Sec. 105. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund
    ``(a) In General.--If monies are deposited into the Highway Account 
or Mass Transit Account pursuant to a law enacted subsequent to the 
date of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall make available 
additional amounts of contract authority under subsections (b) and (c).
    ``(b) Amount of Adjustment.--If monies are deposited into the 
Highway Account or the Mass Transit Account as described in subsection 
(a), on October 1 of the fiscal year following the deposit of such 
monies, the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) make available for programs authorized from such account 
    for such fiscal year a total amount equal to--
            ``(A) the amount otherwise authorized to be appropriated 
        for such programs for such fiscal year; plus
            ``(B) an amount equal to such monies deposited into such 
        account during the previous fiscal year as described in 
        subsection (a); and
        ``(2) distribute the additional amount under paragraph (1)(B) 
    to each of such programs in accordance with subsection (c).
    ``(c) Distribution of Adjustment Among Programs.--
        ``(1) In general.--In making an adjustment for programs 
    authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Account or the Mass 
    Transit Account for a fiscal year under subsection (b), the 
    Secretary shall--
            ``(A) determine the ratio that--
                ``(i) the amount authorized to be appropriated for a 
            program from the account for the fiscal year; bears to
                ``(ii) the total amount authorized to be appropriated 
            for such fiscal year for all programs under such account;
            ``(B) multiply the ratio determined under subparagraph (A) 
        by the amount of the adjustment determined under subsection 
        (b)(1)(B); and
            ``(C) adjust the amount that the Secretary would otherwise 
        have allocated for the program for such fiscal year by the 
        amount calculated under subparagraph (B).
        ``(2) Formula programs.--For a program for which funds are 
    distributed by formula, the Secretary shall add the adjustment to 
    the amount authorized for the program but for this section and make 
    available the adjusted program amount for such program in 
    accordance with such formula.
        ``(3) Availability for obligation.--Adjusted amounts under this 
    subsection shall be available for obligation and administered in 
    the same manner as other amounts made available for the program for 
    which the amount is adjusted.
    ``(d) Exclusion of Emergency Relief Program and Covered 
Administrative Expenses.--The Secretary shall exclude the emergency 
relief program under section 125 and covered administrative expenses 
from an adjustment of funding under subsection (c)(1).
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated from the appropriate account or accounts of the Highway 
Trust Fund an amount equal to the amount of an adjustment for a fiscal 
year under subsection (b) for any of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
    ``(f) Revision to Obligation Limitations.--
        ``(1) In general.--If the Secretary makes an adjustment under 
    subsection (b) for a fiscal year to an amount subject to a 
    limitation on obligations imposed by section 1102 or 3018 of the 
    FAST Act--
            ``(A) such limitation on obligations for such fiscal year 
        shall be revised by an amount equal to such adjustment; and
            ``(B) the Secretary shall distribute such limitation on 
        obligations, as revised under subparagraph (A), in accordance 
        with such sections.
        ``(2) Exclusion of covered administrative expenses.--The 
    Secretary shall exclude covered administrative expenses from--
            ``(A) any calculation relating to a revision of a 
        limitation on obligations under paragraph (1)(A); and
            ``(B) any distribution of a revised limitation on 
        obligations under paragraph (1)(B).
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
        ``(1) Covered administrative expenses.--The term `covered 
    administrative expenses' means the administrative expenses of--
            ``(A) the Federal Highway Administration, as authorized 
        under section 104(a);
            ``(B) the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 
        as authorized under section 4001(a)(6) of the FAST Act; and
            ``(C) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, as 
        authorized under section 31110 of title 49.
        ``(2) Highway account.--The term `Highway Account' means the 
    portion of the Highway Trust Fund that is not the Mass Transit 
    Account.
        ``(3) Mass transit account.--The term `Mass Transit Account' 
    means the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund 
    established under section 9503(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code 
    of 1986.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 104 the following:

``105. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund.''.
SEC. 1404. DESIGN STANDARDS.
    (a) In General.--Section 109 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
            striking ``may take into account'' and inserting ``shall 
            consider'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (iii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph 
            (D); and
                (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
            ``(C) cost savings by utilizing flexibility that exists in 
        current design guidance and regulations; and''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph 
            (F); and
                (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
            following:
            ``(D) the publication entitled `Highway Safety Manual' of 
        the American Association of State Highway and Transportation 
        Officials;
            ``(E) the publication entitled `Urban Street Design Guide' 
        of the National Association of City Transportation Officials; 
        and''; and
        (2) in subsection (f) by inserting ``pedestrian walkways,'' 
    after ``bikeways,''.
    (b) Design Standard Flexibility.--Notwithstanding section 109(o) of 
title 23, United States Code, a State may allow a local jurisdiction to 
use a roadway design publication that is different from the roadway 
design publication used by the State in which the local jurisdiction is 
located for the design of a project on a roadway under the ownership of 
the local jurisdiction (other than a highway on the Interstate System) 
if--
        (1) the local jurisdiction is a direct recipient of Federal 
    funds for the project;
        (2) the roadway design publication--
            (A) is recognized by the Federal Highway Administration; 
        and
            (B) is adopted by the local jurisdiction; and
        (3) the design complies with all other applicable Federal laws.
SEC. 1405. JUSTIFICATION REPORTS FOR ACCESS POINTS ON THE INTERSTATE 
SYSTEM.
    Section 111(e) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(including new or modified freeway-to-crossroad 
interchanges inside a transportation management area)'' after ``the 
Interstate System''.
SEC. 1406. PERFORMANCE PERIOD ADJUSTMENT.
    (a) National Highway Performance Program.--Section 119 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (e)(7), by striking ``for 2 consecutive 
    reports submitted under this paragraph shall include in the next 
    report submitted'' and inserting ``shall include as part of the 
    performance target report under section 150(e)''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)(1)(A) in the matter preceding clause (i) 
    by striking ``If, during 2 consecutive reporting periods, the 
    condition of the Interstate System, excluding bridges on the 
    Interstate System, in a State falls'' and inserting ``If a State 
    reports that the condition of the Interstate System, excluding 
    bridges on the Interstate System, has fallen''.
    (b) Highway Safety Improvement Program.--Section 148(i) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
    ``performance targets of the State established under section 150(d) 
    by the date that is 2 years after the date of the establishment of 
    the performance targets'' and inserting ``safety performance 
    targets of the State established under section 150(d)''; and
        (2) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by inserting ``safety'' before 
    ``performance targets'' each place it appears.
SEC. 1407. VEHICLE-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE EQUIPMENT.
    (a) National Highway Performance Program.--Section 119(d)(2)(L) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``, including the 
installation of vehicle-to-infrastructure communication equipment'' 
after ``capital improvements''.
    (b) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program.--Section 
133(b)(1)(D) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``, including the installation of vehicle-to-infrastructure 
communication equipment'' after ``capital improvements''.
SEC. 1408. FEDERAL SHARE PAYABLE.
    (a) Innovative Project Delivery Methods.--Section 120(c)(3) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
            (A) by inserting ``engineering or design approaches,'' 
        after ``technologies,''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or project delivery'' after ``or 
        contracting'';
        (2) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) in clause (iii) by inserting ``and alternative 
        bidding'' before the semicolon at the end;
            (B) in clause (iv) by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (C) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (vi); and
            (D) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:
                ``(v) innovative pavement materials that have a 
            demonstrated life cycle of 75 or more years, are 
            manufactured with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and 
            reduce construction-related congestion by rapidly curing; 
            or''; and
    (b) Emergency Relief.--Section 120(e)(2) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``Federal land access transportation 
facilities'' and inserting ``other Federally owned roads that are open 
to public travel''.
SEC. 1409. MILK PRODUCTS.
    Section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
        ``(13) Milk products.--A vehicle carrying fluid milk products 
    shall be considered a load that cannot be easily dismantled or 
    divided.''.
SEC. 1410. INTERSTATE WEIGHT LIMITS.
    Section 127 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(m) Covered Heavy-duty Tow and Recovery Vehicles.--
        ``(1) In general.--The vehicle weight limitations set forth in 
    this section do not apply to a covered heavy-duty tow and recovery 
    vehicle.
        ``(2) Covered heavy-duty tow and recovery vehicle defined.--In 
    this subsection, the term `covered heavy-duty tow and recovery 
    vehicle' means a vehicle that--
            ``(A) is transporting a disabled vehicle from the place 
        where the vehicle became disabled to the nearest appropriate 
        repair facility; and
            ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight that is equal to or 
        exceeds the gross vehicle weight of the disabled vehicle being 
        transported.
    ``(n) Operation of Vehicles on Certain Highways in the State of 
Texas.--If any segment in the State of Texas of United States Route 59, 
United States Route 77, United States Route 281, United States Route 
84, Texas State Highway 44, or another roadway is designated as 
Interstate Route 69, a vehicle that could operate legally on that 
segment before the date of the designation may continue to operate on 
that segment, without regard to any requirement under this section.
    ``(o) Certain Logging Vehicles in the State of Wisconsin.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall waive, with respect to a 
    covered logging vehicle, the application of any vehicle weight 
    limit established under this section.
        ``(2) Covered logging vehicle defined.--In this subsection, the 
    term `covered logging vehicle' means a vehicle that--
            ``(A) is transporting raw or unfinished forest products, 
        including logs, pulpwood, biomass, or wood chips;
            ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight of not more than 98,000 
        pounds;
            ``(C) has not less than 6 axles; and
            ``(D) is operating on a segment of Interstate Route 39 in 
        the State of Wisconsin from mile marker 175.8 to mile marker 
        189.
    ``(p) Operation of Certain Specialized Vehicles on Certain Highways 
in the State of Arkansas.--If any segment of United States Route 63 
between the exits for highways 14 and 75 in the State of Arkansas is 
designated as part of the Interstate System, the single axle weight, 
tandem axle weight, gross vehicle weight, and bridge formula limits 
under subsection (a) and the width limitation under section 31113(a) of 
title 49 shall not apply to that segment with respect to the operation 
of any vehicle that could operate legally on that segment before the 
date of the designation.
    ``(q) Certain Logging Vehicles in the State of Minnesota.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall waive, with respect to a 
    covered logging vehicle, the application of any vehicle weight 
    limit established under this section.
        ``(2) Covered logging vehicle defined.--In this subsection, the 
    term `covered logging vehicle' means a vehicle that--
            ``(A) is transporting raw or unfinished forest products, 
        including logs, pulpwood, biomass, or wood chips;
            ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight of not more than 99,000 
        pounds;
            ``(C) has not less than 6 axles; and
            ``(D) is operating on a segment of Interstate Route 35 in 
        the State of Minnesota from mile marker 235.4 to mile marker 
        259.552.
    ``(r) Emergency Vehicles.--
        ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), a State 
    shall not enforce against an emergency vehicle a vehicle weight 
    limit (up to a maximum gross vehicle weight of 86,000 pounds) of 
    less than--
            ``(A) 24,000 pounds on a single steering axle;
            ``(B) 33,500 pounds on a single drive axle;
            ``(C) 62,000 pounds on a tandem axle; or
            ``(D) 52,000 pounds on a tandem rear drive steer axle.
        ``(2) Emergency vehicle defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    `emergency vehicle' means a vehicle designed to be used under 
    emergency conditions--
            ``(A) to transport personnel and equipment; and
            ``(B) to support the suppression of fires and mitigation of 
        other hazardous situations.
    ``(s) Natural Gas Vehicles.--A vehicle, if operated by an engine 
fueled primarily by natural gas, may exceed any vehicle weight limit 
(up to a maximum gross vehicle weight of 82,000 pounds) under this 
section by an amount that is equal to the difference between--
        ``(1) the weight of the vehicle attributable to the natural gas 
    tank and fueling system carried by that vehicle; and
        ``(2) the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling 
    system.''.
SEC. 1411. TOLLING; HOV FACILITIES; INTERSTATE RECONSTRUCTION AND 
REHABILITATION.
    (a) Tolling.--Section 129(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3)(A), in the matter preceding clause (i)--
            (A) by striking ``shall use'' and inserting ``shall ensure 
        that''; and
            (B) by inserting ``are used'' before ``only for'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (4) and redesignating paragraphs (5) 
    through (9) as paragraphs (4) through (8), respectively; and
        (3) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (4) (as so redesignated) 
    by striking ``Federal-aid system'' and inserting ``Federal-aid 
    highways'';
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (8) (as so redesignated)--
        ``(9) Equal access for over-the-road buses.--An over-the-road 
    bus that serves the public shall be provided access to a toll 
    facility under the same rates, terms, and conditions as public 
    transportation buses.''; and
        (5) in paragraph (10)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as 
        subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
            ``(C) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-the-road bus' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 301 of the Americans with 
        Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12181).''.
    (b) HOV Facilities.--Section 166 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``the agency'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``the authority'';
        (2) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) by striking the paragraph heading and inserting 
        ``authority of public authorities''; and
            (B) by striking ``State agency'' and inserting ``public 
        authority'';
        (3) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``public authority'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) provides equal access under the same rates, terms, 
        and conditions for all public transportation vehicles and over-
        the-road buses serving the public.'';
            (C) in paragraph (4)(C)--
                (i) in clause (i) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in clause (ii) by striking the period at the end 
            and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iii) ensure that over-the-road buses serving the 
            public are provided access to the facility under the same 
            rates, terms, and conditions as public transportation 
            buses.''; and
            (D) in paragraph (5)--
                (i) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(A) Special rule.--Before September 30, 2025, if a public 
        authority establishes procedures for enforcing the restrictions 
        on the use of a HOV facility by vehicles described in clauses 
        (i) and (ii), the public authority may allow the use of the HOV 
        facility by--
                ``(i) alternative fuel vehicles; and
                ``(ii) any motor vehicle described in section 30D(d)(1) 
            of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``2017'' and 
            inserting ``2019'';
        (4) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 301, tolls may be 
    charged under paragraphs (4) and (5) of subsection (b), subject to 
    the requirements of section 129.''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraph 
        (3) as paragraph (2);
        (5) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``public authority'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (E); and
                (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
            ``(D) Maintenance of operating performance.--
                ``(i) Submission of plan.--Not later than 180 days 
            after the date on which a facility is degraded under 
            paragraph (2), the public authority with jurisdiction over 
            the facility shall submit to the Secretary for approval a 
            plan that details the actions the public authority will 
            take to make significant progress toward bringing the 
            facility into compliance with the minimum average operating 
            speed performance standard through changes to the operation 
            of the facility, including--

                    ``(I) increasing the occupancy requirement for HOV 
                lanes;
                    ``(II) varying the toll charged to vehicles allowed 
                under subsection (b) to reduce demand;
                    ``(III) discontinuing allowing non-HOV vehicles to 
                use HOV lanes under subsection (b); or
                    ``(IV) increasing the available capacity of the HOV 
                facility.

                ``(ii) Notice of approval or disapproval.--Not later 
            than 60 days after the date of receipt of a plan under 
            clause (i), the Secretary shall provide to the public 
            authority a written notice indicating whether the Secretary 
            has approved or disapproved the plan based on a 
            determination of whether the implementation of the plan 
            will make significant progress toward bringing the HOV 
            facility into compliance with the minimum average operating 
            speed performance standard.
                ``(iii) Annual progress updates.--Until the date on 
            which the Secretary determines that the public authority 
            has brought the HOV facility into compliance with this 
            subsection, the public authority shall submit annual 
            updates that describe--

                    ``(I) the actions taken to bring the HOV facility 
                into compliance; and
                    ``(II) the progress made by those actions.

            ``(E) Compliance.--If the public authority fails to bring a 
        facility into compliance under subparagraph (D), the Secretary 
        shall subject the public authority to appropriate program 
        sanctions under section 1.36 of title 23, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or successor regulations), until the performance 
        is no longer degraded.
            ``(F) Waiver.--
                ``(i) In general.--Upon the request of a public 
            authority, the Secretary may waive the compliance 
            requirements of subparagraph (E), if the Secretary 
            determines that--

                    ``(I) the waiver is in the best interest of the 
                traveling public;
                    ``(II) the public authority is meeting the 
                conditions under subparagraph (D); and
                    ``(III) the public authority has made a good faith 
                effort to improve the performance of the facility.

                ``(ii) Condition.--The Secretary may require, as a 
            condition of providing a waiver under this subparagraph, 
            that a public authority take additional actions, as 
            determined by the Secretary, to maximize the operating 
            speed performance of the facility, even if such performance 
            is below the level set under paragraph (2).'';
        (6) in subsection (f)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by inserting ``solely'' before ``operating'';
            (B) in paragraph (4)(B)(iii) by striking ``State agency'' 
        and inserting ``public authority'';
            (C) by striking paragraph (5);
            (D) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6); and
            (E) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
        ``(4) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-the-road bus' has the 
    meaning given the term in section 301 of the Americans with 
    Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12181).
        ``(5) Public authority.--The term `public authority' as used 
    with respect to a HOV facility, means a State, interstate compact 
    of States, public entity designated by a State, or local government 
    having jurisdiction over the operation of the facility.''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Consultation of MPO.--If a HOV facility charging tolls under 
paragraph (4) or (5) of subsection (b) is on the Interstate System and 
located in a metropolitan planning area established in accordance with 
section 134, the public authority shall consult with the metropolitan 
planning organization for the area concerning the placement and amount 
of tolls on the facility.''.
    (c) Interstate System Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Pilot 
Program.--Section 1216(b) of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st 
Century (Public Law 105-178) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) the State has the authority required for the project 
        to proceed.'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (8) as paragraphs 
    (8) through (10), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
        ``(6) Requirements for project completion.--
            ``(A) General term for expiration of provisional 
        application.--An application provisionally approved by the 
        Secretary under this subsection shall expire 3 years after the 
        date on which the application was provisionally approved if the 
        State has not--
                ``(i) submitted a complete application to the Secretary 
            that fully satisfies the eligibility criteria under 
            paragraph (3) and the selection criteria under paragraph 
            (4);
                ``(ii) completed the environmental review and 
            permitting process under the National Environmental Policy 
            Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for the pilot project; 
            and
                ``(iii) executed a toll agreement with the Secretary.
            ``(B) Exceptions to expiration.--Notwithstanding 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary may extend the provisional 
        approval for not more than 1 additional year if the State 
        demonstrates material progress toward implementation of the 
        project as evidenced by--
                ``(i) substantial progress in completing the 
            environmental review and permitting process for the pilot 
            project under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
            (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                ``(ii) funding and financing commitments for the pilot 
            project;
                ``(iii) expressions of support for the pilot project 
            from State and local governments, community interests, and 
            the public; and
                ``(iv) submission of a facility management plan 
            pursuant to paragraph (3)(D).
            ``(C) Conditions for previously provisionally approved 
        applications.--A State with a provisionally approved 
        application for a pilot project as of the date of enactment of 
        the FAST Act shall have 1 year after that date of enactment to 
        meet the requirements of subparagraph (A) or receive an 
        extension from the Secretary under subparagraph (B), or the 
        application will expire.
        ``(7) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `provisional 
    approval' or `provisionally approved' means the approval by the 
    Secretary of a partial application under this subsection, including 
    the reservation of a slot in the pilot program.''.
    (d) Approval of Applications.--The Secretary may approve an 
application submitted under section 1604(c) of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 
109-59; 119 Stat. 1253) if the application, or any part of the 
application, was submitted before the deadline specified in section 
1604(c)(8) of that Act.
SEC. 1412. PROJECTS FOR PUBLIC SAFETY RELATING TO IDLING TRAINS.
    Section 130(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``and the relocation of highways to eliminate grade 
crossings'' and inserting ``the relocation of highways to eliminate 
grade crossings, and projects at grade crossings to eliminate hazards 
posed by blocked grade crossings due to idling trains''.
SEC. 1413. NATIONAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING AND HYDROGEN, PROPANE, 
AND NATURAL GAS FUELING CORRIDORS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 150 the following:
``Sec. 151. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, 
   and natural gas fueling corridors
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall designate national 
electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and natural gas 
fueling corridors that identify the near- and long-term need for, and 
location of, electric vehicle charging infrastructure, hydrogen fueling 
infrastructure, propane fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling 
infrastructure at strategic locations along major national highways to 
improve the mobility of passenger and commercial vehicles that employ 
electric, hydrogen fuel cell, propane, and natural gas fueling 
technologies across the United States.
    ``(b) Designation of Corridors.--In designating the corridors under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) solicit nominations from State and local officials for 
    facilities to be included in the corridors;
        ``(2) incorporate existing electric vehicle charging, hydrogen 
    fueling, propane fueling, and natural gas fueling corridors 
    designated by a State or group of States; and
        ``(3) consider the demand for, and location of, existing 
    electric vehicle charging stations, hydrogen fueling stations, 
    propane fueling stations, and natural gas fueling infrastructure.
    ``(c) Stakeholders.--In designating corridors under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall involve, on a voluntary basis, stakeholders that 
include--
        ``(1) the heads of other Federal agencies;
        ``(2) State and local officials;
        ``(3) representatives of--
            ``(A) energy utilities;
            ``(B) the electric, fuel cell electric, propane, and 
        natural gas vehicle industries;
            ``(C) the freight and shipping industry;
            ``(D) clean technology firms;
            ``(E) the hospitality industry;
            ``(F) the restaurant industry;
            ``(G) highway rest stop vendors; and
            ``(H) industrial gas and hydrogen manufacturers; and
        ``(4) such other stakeholders as the Secretary determines to be 
    necessary.
    ``(d) Redesignation.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
establishment of the corridors under subsection (a), and every 5 years 
thereafter, the Secretary shall update and redesignate the corridors.
    ``(e) Report.--During designation and redesignation of the 
corridors under this section, the Secretary shall issue a report that--
        ``(1) identifies electric vehicle charging infrastructure, 
    hydrogen fueling infrastructure, propane fueling infrastructure, 
    and natural gas fueling infrastructure and standardization needs 
    for electricity providers, industrial gas providers, natural gas 
    providers, infrastructure providers, vehicle manufacturers, 
    electricity purchasers, and natural gas purchasers; and
        ``(2) establishes an aspirational goal of achieving strategic 
    deployment of electric vehicle charging infrastructure, hydrogen 
    fueling infrastructure, propane fueling infrastructure, and natural 
    gas fueling infrastructure in those corridors by the end of fiscal 
    year 2020.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 150 the following:

``151. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and 
          natural gas fueling corridors.''.

    (c) Operation of Battery Recharging Stations in Parking Areas Used 
by Federal Employees.--
        (1) Authorization.--
            (A) In general.--The Administrator of General Services may 
        install, construct, operate, and maintain on a reimbursable 
        basis a battery recharging station (or allow, on a reimbursable 
        basis, the use of a 120-volt electrical receptacle for battery 
        recharging) in a parking area that is in the custody, control, 
        or administrative jurisdiction of the General Services 
        Administration for the use of only privately owned vehicles of 
        employees of the General Services Administration, tenant 
        Federal agencies, and others who are authorized to park in such 
        area to the extent such use by only privately owned vehicles 
        does not interfere with or impede access to the equipment by 
        Federal fleet vehicles.
            (B) Areas under other federal agencies.--The Administrator 
        of General Services (on the request of a Federal agency) or the 
        head of a Federal agency may install, construct, operate, and 
        maintain on a reimbursable basis a battery recharging station 
        (or allow, on a reimbursable basis, the use of a 120-volt 
        electrical receptacle for battery recharging) in a parking area 
        that is in the custody, control, or administrative jurisdiction 
        of the requesting Federal agency, to the extent such use by 
        only privately owned vehicles does not interfere with or impede 
        access to the equipment by Federal fleet vehicles.
            (C) Use of vendors.--The Administrator of General Services, 
        with respect to subparagraph (A) or (B), or the head of a 
        Federal agency, with respect to subparagraph (B), may carry out 
        such subparagraph through a contract with a vendor, under such 
        terms and conditions (including terms relating to the 
        allocation between the Federal agency and the vendor of the 
        costs of carrying out the contract) as the Administrator or the 
        head of the Federal agency, as the case may be, and the vendor 
        may agree to.
        (2) Imposition of fees to cover costs.--
            (A) Fees.--The Administrator of General Services or the 
        head of the Federal agency under paragraph (1)(B) shall charge 
        fees to the individuals who use the battery recharging station 
        in such amount as is necessary to ensure that the respective 
        agency recovers all of the costs such agency incurs in 
        installing, constructing, operating, and maintaining the 
        station.
            (B) Deposit and availability of fees.--Any fees collected 
        by the Administrator of General Services or the Federal agency, 
        as the case may be, under this paragraph shall be--
                (i) deposited monthly in the Treasury to the credit of 
            the respective agency's appropriations account for the 
            operations of the building where the battery recharging 
            station is located; and
                (ii) available for obligation without further 
            appropriation during--

                    (I) the fiscal year collected; and
                    (II) the fiscal year following the fiscal year 
                collected.

        (3) No effect on existing programs for house and senate.--
    Nothing in this subsection affects the installation, construction, 
    operation, or maintenance of battery recharging stations by the 
    Architect of the Capitol--
            (A) under Public Law 112-170 (2 U.S.C. 2171), relating to 
        employees of the House of Representatives and individuals 
        authorized to park in any parking area under the jurisdiction 
        of the House of Representatives on the Capitol Grounds; or
            (B) under Public Law 112-167 (2 U.S.C. 2170), relating to 
        employees of the Senate and individuals authorized to park in 
        any parking area under the jurisdiction of the Senate on the 
        Capitol Grounds.
        (4) No effect on similar authorities.--Nothing in this 
    subsection--
            (A) repeals or limits any existing authorities of a Federal 
        agency to install, construct, operate, or maintain battery 
        recharging stations; or
            (B) requires a Federal agency to seek reimbursement for the 
        costs of installing or constructing a battery recharging 
        station--
                (i) that has been installed or constructed prior to the 
            date of enactment of this Act;
                (ii) that is installed or constructed for Federal fleet 
            vehicles, but that receives incidental use to recharge 
            privately owned vehicles; or
                (iii) that is otherwise installed or constructed 
            pursuant to appropriations for that purpose.
        (5) Annual report to congress.--Not later than 2 years after 
    the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 10 
    years, the Administrator of General Services shall submit to the 
    Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works 
    of the Senate a report describing--
            (A) the number of battery recharging stations installed by 
        the Administrator on the Administrator's own initiative under 
        this subsection;
            (B) requests from other Federal agencies to install battery 
        recharging stations; and
            (C) the status and disposition of requests from other 
        Federal agencies.
        (6) Federal agency defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    ``Federal agency'' has the meaning given the term ``Executive 
    agency'' in section 105 of title 5, United States Code, and 
    includes--
            (A) the United States Postal Service;
            (B) the Executive Office of the President;
            (C) the military departments (as defined in section 102 of 
        title 5, United States Code); and
            (D) the judicial branch.
        (7) Effective date.--This subsection shall apply with respect 
    to fiscal year 2016 and each succeeding fiscal year.
SEC. 1414. REPEAT OFFENDER CRITERIA.
    Section 164(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as paragraphs 
    (2) through (5), respectively;
        (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated, the 
    following:
        ``(1) 24-7 sobriety program.--The term `24-7 sobriety program' 
    has the meaning given the term in section 405(d)(7)(A).'';
        (3) in paragraph (5), as redesignated--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
        ``or combination of laws or programs'' after ``State law'';
            (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
            ``(A) receive, for a period of not less than 1 year--
                ``(i) a suspension of all driving privileges;
                ``(ii) a restriction on driving privileges that limits 
            the individual to operating only motor vehicles with an 
            ignition interlock device installed, unless a special 
            exception applies;
                ``(iii) a restriction on driving privileges that limits 
            the individual to operating motor vehicles only if 
            participating in, and complying with, a 24-7 sobriety 
            program; or
                ``(iv) any combination of clauses (i) through (iii);'';
            (C) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as 
        subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; and
            (E) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated--
                (i) in clause (i)(II) by inserting before the semicolon 
            the following: ``(unless the State certifies that the 
            general practice is that such an individual will be 
            incarcerated)''; and
                (ii) in clause (ii)(II) by inserting before the period 
            at the end the following: ``(unless the State certifies 
            that the general practice is that such an individual will 
            receive 10 days of incarceration)''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) Special exception.--The term `special exception' means an 
    exception under a State alcohol-ignition interlock law for the 
    following circumstances:
            ``(A) The individual is required to operate an employer's 
        motor vehicle in the course and scope of employment and the 
        business entity that owns the vehicle is not owned or 
        controlled by the individual.
            ``(B) The individual is certified by a medical doctor as 
        being unable to provide a deep lung breath sample for analysis 
        by an ignition interlock device.''.
SEC. 1415. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS TO ENCOURAGE POLLINATOR HABITAT 
AND FORAGE ON TRANSPORTATION RIGHTS-OF-WAY.
    (a) In General.--Section 319 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``(including the enhancement 
    of habitat and forage for pollinators)'' before ``adjacent''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Encouragement of Pollinator Habitat and Forage Development 
and Protection on Transportation Rights-of-way.--In carrying out any 
program administered by the Secretary under this title, the Secretary 
shall, in conjunction with willing States, as appropriate--
        ``(1) encourage integrated vegetation management practices on 
    roadsides and other transportation rights-of-way, including reduced 
    mowing; and
        ``(2) encourage the development of habitat and forage for 
    Monarch butterflies, other native pollinators, and honey bees 
    through plantings of native forbs and grasses, including 
    noninvasive, native milkweed species that can serve as migratory 
    way stations for butterflies and facilitate migrations of other 
    pollinators.''.
    (b) Provision of Habitat, Forage, and Migratory Way Stations for 
Monarch Butterflies, Other Native Pollinators, and Honey Bees.--Section 
329(a)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``provision of habitat, forage, and migratory way stations for Monarch 
butterflies, other native pollinators, and honey bees,'' before ``and 
aesthetic enhancement''.
SEC. 1416. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS ON NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.
    (a) Identification of High Priority Corridors on National Highway 
System.--Section 1105(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2032; 112 Stat. 190; 119 Stat. 1213) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (13) and inserting the following:
        ``(13) Raleigh-Norfolk Corridor from Raleigh, North Carolina, 
    through Rocky Mount, Williamston, and Elizabeth City, North 
    Carolina, to Norfolk, Virginia.'';
        (2) in paragraph (18)(D)--
            (A) in clause (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in clause (iii) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iv) include Texas State Highway 44 from United 
            States Route 59 at Freer, Texas, to Texas State Highway 
            358.'';
        (3) by striking paragraph (68) and inserting the following:
        ``(68) The Washoe County Corridor and the Intermountain West 
    Corridor, which shall generally follow--
            ``(A) for the Washoe County Corridor, along Interstate 
        Route 580/United States Route 95/United States Route 95A from 
        Reno, Nevada, to Las Vegas, Nevada; and
            ``(B) for the Intermountain West Corridor, from the 
        vicinity of Las Vegas, Nevada, north along United States Route 
        95 terminating at Interstate Route 80.''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(81) United States Route 117/Interstate Route 795 from United 
    States Route 70 in Goldsboro, Wayne County, North Carolina, to 
    Interstate Route 40 west of Faison, Sampson County, North Carolina.
        ``(82) United States Route 70 from its intersection with 
    Interstate Route 40 in Garner, Wake County, North Carolina, to the 
    Port at Morehead City, Carteret County, North Carolina.
        ``(83) The Sonoran Corridor along State Route 410 connecting 
    Interstate Route 19 and Interstate Route 10 south of the Tucson 
    International Airport.
        ``(84) The Central Texas Corridor commencing at the logical 
    terminus of Interstate Route 10, generally following portions of 
    United States Route 190 eastward, passing in the vicinity Fort 
    Hood, Killeen, Belton, Temple, Bryan, College Station, Huntsville, 
    Livingston, and Woodville, to the logical terminus of Texas Highway 
    63 at the Sabine River Bridge at Burrs Crossing.
        ``(85) Interstate Route 81 in New York from its intersection 
    with Interstate Route 86 to the United States-Canadian border.
        ``(86) Interstate Route 70 from Denver, Colorado, to Salt Lake 
    City, Utah.
        ``(87) The Oregon 99W Newberg-Dundee Bypass Route between 
    Newberg, Oregon, and Dayton, Oregon.
        ``(88) Interstate Route 205 in Oregon from its intersection 
    with Interstate Route 5 to the Columbia River.''.
    (b) Inclusion of Certain Route Segments on Interstate System.--
Section 1105(e)(5)(A) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 Stat. 597; 118 Stat. 293; 119 Stat. 1213) 
is amended in the first sentence--
        (1) by inserting ``subsection (c)(13),'' after ``subsection 
    (c)(9),'';
        (2) by striking ``subsections (c)(18)'' and all that follows 
    through ``subsection (c)(36)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(18), 
    subsection (c)(20), subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of subsection 
    (c)(26), subsection (c)(36)''; and
        (3) by striking ``and subsection (c)(57)'' and inserting 
    ``subsection (c)(57), subsection (c)(68)(B), subsection (c)(81), 
    subsection (c)(82), and subsection (c)(83)''.
    (c) Designation.--Section 1105(e)(5)(C)(i) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 Stat. 598; 126 Stat. 
427) is amended by striking the final sentence and inserting the 
following: ``The routes referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of 
subsection (c)(26) and in subsection (c)(68)(B) are designated as 
Interstate Route I-11. The route referred to in subsection (c)(84) is 
designated as Interstate Route I-14.''.
    (d) Future Interstate Designation.--Section 119(a) of the SAFETEA-
LU Technical Corrections Act of 2008 (122 Stat. 1608) is amended by 
striking ``and, as a future Interstate Route 66 Spur, the Natcher 
Parkway in Owensboro, Kentucky'' and inserting ``between Henderson, 
Kentucky, and Owensboro, Kentucky, and, as a future Interstate Route 65 
and 66 Spur, the William H. Natcher Parkway between Bowling Green, 
Kentucky, and Owensboro, Kentucky''.
SEC. 1417. WORK ZONE AND GUARD RAIL SAFETY TRAINING.
    (a) In General.--Section 1409 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 401 note) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``work zone 
    and guard rail safety training''; and
        (2) in subsection (b) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Development, updating, and delivery of training courses 
    on guard rail installation, maintenance, and inspection.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by striking the item relating to section 1409 and 
inserting the following:

``Sec. 1409. Work zone and guard rail safety training.''.
SEC. 1418. CONSOLIDATION OF PROGRAMS.
    Section 1519(a) of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 574) is amended by striking 
``From administrative funds'' and all that follows through ``shall be 
made available'' and inserting ``For each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2020, before making an apportionment under section 104(b)(3) of title 
23, United States Code, the Secretary shall set aside, from amounts 
made available to carry out the highway safety improvement program 
under section 148 of such title for the fiscal year, $3,500,000''.
SEC. 1419. ELIMINATION OR MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORTING 
REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Fundamental Properties of Asphalts Report.--Section 6016(e) of 
the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 
2183) is repealed.
    (b) Express Lanes Demonstration Program Reports.--Section 
1604(b)(7)(B) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note) is repealed.
SEC. 1420. FLEXIBILITY FOR PROJECTS.
    (a) Authority.--With respect to projects eligible for funding under 
title 23, United States Code, subject to subsection (b) and on request 
by a State, the Secretary may--
        (1) exercise all existing flexibilities under and exceptions 
    to--
            (A) the requirements of title 23, United States Code; and
            (B) other requirements administered by the Secretary, in 
        whole or part; and
        (2) otherwise provide additional flexibility or expedited 
    processing with respect to the requirements described in paragraph 
    (1).
    (b) Maintaining Protections.--Nothing in this section--
        (1) waives the requirements of section 113 or 138 of title 23, 
    United States Code;
        (2) supersedes, amends, or modifies--
            (A) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or any other Federal environmental law; or
            (B) any requirement of title 23 or title 49, United States 
        Code; or
        (3) affects the responsibility of any Federal officer to comply 
    with or enforce any law or requirement described in this 
    subsection.
SEC. 1421. PRODUCTIVE AND TIMELY EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall develop guidance that encourages the 
use of programmatic approaches to project delivery, expedited and 
prudent procurement techniques, and other best practices to facilitate 
productive, effective, and timely expenditure of funds for projects 
eligible for funding under title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Implementation.--The Secretary shall work with States to ensure 
that any guidance developed under subsection (a) is consistently 
implemented by States and the Federal Highway Administration to--
        (1) avoid unnecessary delays in completing projects;
        (2) minimize cost overruns; and
        (3) ensure the effective use of Federal funding.
SEC. 1422. STUDY ON PERFORMANCE OF BRIDGES.
    (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (c), the Administrator of 
the Federal Highway Administration (referred to in this section as the 
``Administrator'') shall commission the Transportation Research Board 
of the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study on the 
performance of bridges that received funding under the innovative 
bridge research and construction program (referred to in this section 
as the ``program'') under section 503(b) of title 23, United States 
Code (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of SAFETEA-
LU (Public Law 109-59; 119 Stat. 1144)) in meeting the goals of that 
program, which included--
        (1) the development of new, cost-effective innovative material 
    highway bridge applications;
        (2) the reduction of maintenance costs and lifecycle costs of 
    bridges, including the costs of new construction, replacement, or 
    rehabilitation of deficient bridges;
        (3) the development of construction techniques to increase 
    safety and reduce construction time and traffic congestion;
        (4) the development of engineering design criteria for 
    innovative products and materials for use in highway bridges and 
    structures;
        (5) the development of cost-effective and innovative techniques 
    to separate vehicle and pedestrian traffic from railroad traffic;
        (6) the development of highway bridges and structures that will 
    withstand natural disasters, including alternative processes for 
    the seismic retrofit of bridges; and
        (7) the development of new nondestructive bridge evaluation 
    technologies and techniques.
    (b) Contents.--The study commissioned under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) an analysis of the performance of bridges that received 
    funding under the program in meeting the goals described in 
    paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a);
        (2) an analysis of the utility, compared to conventional 
    materials and technologies, of each of the innovative materials and 
    technologies used in projects for bridges under the program in 
    meeting the needs of the United States in 2015 and in the future 
    for a sustainable and low lifecycle cost transportation system;
        (3) recommendations to Congress on how the installed and 
    lifecycle costs of bridges could be reduced through the use of 
    innovative materials and technologies, including, as appropriate, 
    any changes in the design and construction of bridges needed to 
    maximize the cost reductions; and
        (4) a summary of any additional research that may be needed to 
    further evaluate innovative approaches to reducing the installed 
    and lifecycle costs of highway bridges.
    (c) Public Comment.--Before commissioning the study under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall provide an opportunity for 
public comment on the study proposal.
    (d) Data From States.--Each State that received funds under the 
program shall provide to the Transportation Research Board any relevant 
data needed to carry out the study commissioned under subsection (a).
    (e) Deadline.--The Administrator shall submit to Congress the study 
commissioned under subsection (a) not later than 3 years after the date 
of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1423. RELINQUISHMENT OF PARK-AND-RIDE LOT FACILITIES.
    A State transportation agency may relinquish park-and-ride lot 
facilities or portions of park-and-ride lot facilities to a local 
government agency for highway purposes if authorized to do so under 
State law if the agreement providing for the relinquishment provides 
that--
        (1) rights-of-way on the Interstate System will remain 
    available for future highway improvements; and
        (2) modifications to the facilities that could impair the 
    highway or interfere with the free and safe flow of traffic are 
    subject to the approval of the Secretary.
SEC. 1424. PILOT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
Administration (referred to in this section as the ``Administrator'') 
may establish a pilot program that allows a State to utilize innovative 
approaches to maintain the right-of-way of Federal-aid highways within 
the State.
    (b) Limitation.--A pilot program established under subsection (a) 
shall--
        (1) terminate after not more than 4 years;
        (2) include not more than 5 States; and
        (3) be subject to guidelines published by the Administrator.
    (c) Report.--If the Administrator establishes a pilot program under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall, not more than 1 year after the 
completion of the pilot program, submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on 
the results of the pilot program.
    (d) Savings Provision.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
affect the requirements of section 111 of title 23, United States Code.
SEC. 1425. SERVICE CLUB, CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION, OR RELIGIOUS SERVICE 
SIGNS.
    Notwithstanding section 131 of title 23, United States Code, and 
part 750 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
regulations), if a State notifies the Federal Highway Administration, 
the State may allow the maintenance of a sign of a service club, 
charitable association, or religious service organization--
        (1) that exists on the date of enactment of this Act (or was 
    removed in the 3-year period ending on such date of enactment); and
        (2) the area of which is less than or equal to 32 square feet.
SEC. 1426. MOTORCYCLIST ADVISORY COUNCIL.
    The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Federal 
Highway Administration, shall appoint a Motorcyclist Advisory Council 
to coordinate with and advise the Administrator on infrastructure 
issues of concern to motorcyclists, including--
        (1) barrier design;
        (2) road design, construction, and maintenance practices; and
        (3) the architecture and implementation of intelligent 
    transportation system technologies.
SEC. 1427. HIGHWAY WORK ZONES.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Highway Administration 
should--
        (1) do all within its power to protect workers in highway work 
    zones; and
        (2) move rapidly to finalize regulations, as directed in 
    section 1405 of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 560), to protect the lives and 
    safety of construction workers in highway work zones from vehicle 
    intrusions.
SEC. 1428. USE OF DURABLE, RESILIENT, AND SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS AND 
PRACTICES.
    To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall encourage the use of 
durable, resilient, and sustainable materials and practices, including 
the use of geosynthetic materials and other innovative technologies, in 
carrying out the activities of the Federal Highway Administration.
SEC. 1429. IDENTIFICATION OF ROADSIDE HIGHWAY SAFETY HARDWARE DEVICES.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on methods for 
identifying roadside highway safety hardware devices to improve the 
data collected on the devices, as necessary for in-service evaluation 
of the devices.
    (b) Contents.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall evaluate identification methods based on the ability of 
the method--
        (1) to convey information on the devices, including 
    manufacturing date, factory of origin, product brand, and model;
        (2) to withstand roadside conditions; and
        (3) to connect to State and regional inventories of similar 
    devices.
    (c) Identification Methods.--The identification methods to be 
studied under this section include stamped serial numbers, radio-
frequency identification, and such other methods as the Secretary 
determines appropriate.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than January 1, 2018, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study 
under subsection (a).
SEC. 1430. USE OF MODELING AND SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Department should utilize, to 
the fullest and most economically feasible extent practicable, modeling 
and simulation technology to analyze highway and public transportation 
projects authorized by this Act to ensure that these projects--
        (1) will increase transportation capacity and safety, alleviate 
    congestion, and reduce travel time and environmental impacts; and
        (2) are as cost effective as practicable.
SEC. 1431. NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TRAVEL AND TOURISM 
INFRASTRUCTURE.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
        (1) 1 out of every 9 jobs in the United States depends on 
    travel and tourism, and the industry supports 15,000,000 jobs in 
    the United States;
        (2) the travel and tourism industry employs individuals in all 
    50 States, the District of Columbia, and all of the territories of 
    the United States;
        (3) international travel to the United States is the single 
    largest export industry in the United States, generating a trade 
    surplus balance of approximately $74,000,000,000;
        (4) travel and tourism provide significant economic benefits to 
    the United States by generating nearly $2,100,000,000,000 in annual 
    economic output; and
        (5) the United States intermodal transportation network 
    facilitates the large-scale movement of business and leisure 
    travelers, and is the most important asset of the travel industry.
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish an advisory 
committee to be known as the National Advisory Committee on Travel and 
Tourism Infrastructure (referred to in this section as the 
``Committee'') to provide information, advice, and recommendations to 
the Secretary on matters relating to the role of intermodal 
transportation in facilitating mobility related to travel and tourism 
activities.
    (c) Membership.--The Committee shall--
        (1) be composed of members appointed by the Secretary for terms 
    of not more than 3 years; and
        (2) include a representative cross-section of public and 
    private sector stakeholders involved in the travel and tourism 
    industry, including representatives of--
            (A) the travel and tourism industry, product and service 
        providers, and travel and tourism-related associations;
            (B) travel, tourism, and destination marketing 
        organizations;
            (C) the travel and tourism-related workforce;
            (D) State tourism offices;
            (E) State departments of transportation;
            (F) regional and metropolitan planning organizations; and
            (G) local governments.
    (d) Role of Committee.--The Committee shall--
        (1) advise the Secretary on current and emerging priorities, 
    issues, projects, and funding needs related to the use of the 
    intermodal transportation network of the United States to 
    facilitate travel and tourism;
        (2) serve as a forum for discussion for travel and tourism 
    stakeholders on transportation issues affecting interstate and 
    interregional mobility of passengers;
        (3) promote the sharing of information between the private and 
    public sectors on transportation issues impacting travel and 
    tourism;
        (4) gather information, develop technical advice, and make 
    recommendations to the Secretary on policies that improve the 
    condition and performance of an integrated national transportation 
    system that--
            (A) is safe, economical, and efficient; and
            (B) maximizes the benefits to the United States generated 
        through the travel and tourism industry;
        (5) identify critical transportation facilities and corridors 
    that facilitate and support the interstate and interregional 
    transportation of passengers for tourism, commercial, and 
    recreational activities;
        (6) provide for development of measures of condition, safety, 
    and performance for transportation related to travel and tourism;
        (7) provide for development of transportation investment, data, 
    and planning tools to assist Federal, State, and local officials in 
    making investment decisions relating to transportation projects 
    that improve travel and tourism; and
        (8) address other issues of transportation policy and programs 
    impacting the movement of travelers for tourism and recreational 
    purposes, including by making legislative recommendations.
    (e) National Travel and Tourism Infrastructure Strategic Plan.--Not 
later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, State departments of 
transportation, and other appropriate public and private transportation 
stakeholders, shall develop and post on the public Internet website of 
the Department a national travel and tourism infrastructure strategic 
plan that includes--
        (1) an assessment of the condition and performance of the 
    national transportation network;
        (2) an identification of the issues on the national 
    transportation network that create significant congestion problems 
    and barriers to long-haul passenger travel and tourism;
        (3) forecasts of long-haul passenger travel and tourism volumes 
    for the 20-year period beginning in the year during which the plan 
    is issued;
        (4) an identification of the major transportation facilities 
    and corridors for current and forecasted long-haul travel and 
    tourism volumes, the identification of which shall be revised, as 
    appropriate, in subsequent plans;
        (5) an assessment of statutory, regulatory, technological, 
    institutional, financial, and other barriers to improved long-haul 
    passenger travel performance (including opportunities for 
    overcoming the barriers);
        (6) best practices for improving the performance of the 
    national transportation network; and
        (7) strategies to improve intermodal connectivity for long-haul 
    passenger travel and tourism.
SEC. 1432. EMERGENCY EXEMPTIONS.
    (a) In General.--Any road, highway, railway, bridge, or transit 
facility that is damaged by an emergency that is declared by the 
Governor of the State, with the concurrence of the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, or declared as an emergency by the President 
pursuant to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), and that is in operation or 
under construction on the date on which the emergency occurs may be 
reconstructed in the same location with the same capacity, dimensions, 
and design as before the emergency subject to the exemptions and 
expedited procedures under subsection (b).
    (b) Exemptions and Expedited Procedures.--
        (1) Alternative arrangements.--Alternative arrangements for an 
    emergency under section 1506.11 of title 40, Code of Federal 
    Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of this Act) 
    shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a), and the 
    reconstruction shall be considered necessary to control the 
    immediate impacts of the emergency.
        (2) Stormwater discharge permits.--A general permit for 
    stormwater discharges from construction activities, if available, 
    issued by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency 
    or the director of a State program under section 402(p) of the 
    Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1342(p)), as 
    applicable, shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a), on 
    submission of a notice of intent to be subject to the permit.
        (3) Emergency procedures.--The emergency procedures for issuing 
    permits in accordance with section 325.2(e)(4) of title 33, Code of 
    Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of this 
    Act) shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a), and the 
    reconstruction shall be considered an emergency under that 
    regulation.
        (4) National historic preservation act exemption.--
    Reconstruction under subsection (a) is eligible for an exemption 
    from the requirements of the National Historic Preservation Act of 
    1966 pursuant to part 78 of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations 
    (as in effect on the date of enactment of this Act).
        (5) Endangered species act exemption.--An exemption from the 
    requirements of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 
    et seq.) pursuant to section 7(p) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 1536(p)) 
    shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a) and, if the 
    President makes the determination required under section 7(p) of 
    that Act, the determinations required under subsections (g) and (h) 
    of that section shall be deemed to be made.
        (6) Expedited consultation under endangered species act.--
    Expedited consultation pursuant to section 402.05 of title 50, Code 
    of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of 
    this Act) shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a).
        (7) Other exemptions.--Any reconstruction that is exempt under 
    paragraph (5) shall also be exempt from requirements under--
            (A) the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.);
            (B) the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 U.S.C. 1271 et 
        seq.); and
            (C) the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 
        et seq.).
SEC. 1433. REPORT ON HIGHWAY TRUST FUND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURES.
    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than 150 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report describing the administrative 
expenses of the Federal Highway Administration funded from the Highway 
Trust Fund during the 3 most recent fiscal years.
    (b) Updates.--Not later than 5 years after the date on which the 
report is submitted under subsection (a) and every 5 years thereafter, 
the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report that updates 
the information provided in the report under that subsection for the 
preceding 5-year period.
    (c) Inclusions.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) or (b) 
shall include a description of--
        (1) the types of administrative expenses of programs and 
    offices funded by the Highway Trust Fund;
        (2) the tracking and monitoring of administrative expenses;
        (3) the controls in place to ensure that funding for 
    administrative expenses is used as efficiently as practicable; and
        (4) the flexibility of the Department to reallocate amounts 
    from the Highway Trust Fund between full-time equivalent employees 
    and other functions.
SEC. 1434. AVAILABILITY OF REPORTS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall make available to the public 
on the website of the Department any report required to be submitted by 
the Secretary to Congress after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (b) Deadline.--Each report described in subsection (a) shall be 
made available on the website not later than 30 days after the report 
is submitted to Congress.
SEC. 1435. APPALACHIAN DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY SYSTEM.
    Section 1528 of MAP-21 (40 U.S.C. 14501 note; Public Law 112-141) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``2021'' each place it appears and inserting 
    ``2050''; and
        (2) by striking ``shall be 100 percent'' each place it appears 
    and inserting ``shall be up to 100 percent, as determined by the 
    State''.
SEC. 1436. APPALACHIAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) High-speed Broadband Development Initiative.--
        (1) In general.--Subchapter I of chapter 145 of subtitle IV of 
    title 40, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
    following:
``Sec. 14509. High-speed broadband deployment initiative
    ``(a) In General.--The Appalachian Regional Commission may provide 
technical assistance, make grants, enter into contracts, or otherwise 
provide amounts to individuals or entities in the Appalachian region 
for projects and activities--
        ``(1) to increase affordable access to broadband networks 
    throughout the Appalachian region;
        ``(2) to conduct research, analysis, and training to increase 
    broadband adoption efforts in the Appalachian region;
        ``(3) to provide technology assets, including computers, 
    smartboards, and video projectors to educational systems throughout 
    the Appalachian region;
        ``(4) to increase distance learning opportunities throughout 
    the Appalachian region;
        ``(5) to increase the use of telehealth technologies in the 
    Appalachian region; and
        ``(6) to promote e-commerce applications in the Appalachian 
    region.
    ``(b) Limitation on Available Amounts.--Of the cost of any activity 
eligible for a grant under this section--
        ``(1) not more than 50 percent may be provided from amounts 
    appropriated to carry out this section; and
        ``(2) notwithstanding paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) in the case of a project to be carried out in a 
        county for which a distressed county designation is in effect 
        under section 14526, not more than 80 percent may be provided 
        from amounts appropriated to carry out this section; and
            ``(B) in the case of a project to be carried out in a 
        county for which an at-risk designation is in effect under 
        section 14526, not more than 70 percent may be provided from 
        amounts appropriated to carry out this section.
    ``(c) Sources of Assistance.--Subject to subsection (b), a grant 
provided under this section may be provided from amounts made available 
to carry out this section in combination with amounts made available--
        ``(1) under any other Federal program; or
        ``(2) from any other source.
    ``(d) Federal Share.--Notwithstanding any provision of law limiting 
the Federal share under any other Federal program, amounts made 
available to carry out this section may be used to increase that 
Federal share, as the Appalachian Regional Commission determines to be 
appropriate.''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--The analysis for chapter 145 of 
    title 40, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
    item relating to section 14508 the following:

``14509. High-speed broadband deployment initiative.''.

    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14703 of title 40, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(5), by striking ``fiscal year 2012'' and 
    inserting ``each of fiscal years 2012 through 2020'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) High-speed Broadband Deployment Initiative.--Of the amounts 
made available under subsection (a), $10,000,000 may be used to carry 
out section 14509 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.''.
    (c) Termination.--Section 14704 of title 40, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2020''.
    (d) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section take effect on October 1, 2015.
SEC. 1437. BORDER STATE INFRASTRUCTURE.
    (a) In General.--After consultation with relevant transportation 
planning organizations, the Governor of a State that shares a land 
border with Canada or Mexico may designate for each fiscal year not 
more than 5 percent of the funds made available to the State under 
section 133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, United States Code, for border 
infrastructure projects eligible under section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 
U.S.C. 101 note; 119 Stat. 1207).
    (b) Use of Funds.--Funds designated under this section shall be 
available under the requirements of section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 
U.S.C. 101 note; 119 Stat. 1207).
    (c) Certification.--Before making a designation under subsection 
(a), the Governor shall certify that the designation is consistent with 
transportation planning requirements under title 23, United States 
Code.
    (d) Notification.--Not later than 30 days after making a 
designation under subsection (a), the Governor shall submit to the 
relevant transportation planning organizations within the border region 
a written notification of any suballocated or distributed amount of 
funds available for obligation by jurisdiction.
    (e) Limitation.--This section applies only to funds apportioned to 
a State after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (f) Deadline for Designation.--A designation under subsection (a) 
shall--
        (1) be submitted to the Secretary not later than 30 days before 
    the first day of the fiscal year for which the designation is being 
    made; and
        (2) remain in effect for the funds designated under subsection 
    (a) for a fiscal year until the Governor of the State notifies the 
    Secretary of the termination of the designation.
    (g) Unobligated Funds After Termination.--Effective beginning on 
the date of a termination under subsection (f)(2), all remaining 
unobligated funds that were designated under subsection (a) for the 
fiscal year for which the designation is being terminated shall be made 
available to the State for the purposes described in section 
133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, United States Code.
SEC. 1438. ADJUSTMENTS.
    (a) In General.--On July 1, 2020, of the unobligated balances of 
funds apportioned among the States under chapter 1 of title 23, United 
States Code, a total of $7,569,000,000 is permanently rescinded.
    (b) Exclusions From Rescission.--The rescission under subsection 
(a) shall not apply to funds distributed in accordance with--
        (1) sections 104(b)(3) and 130(f) of title 23, United States 
    Code;
        (2) section 133(d)(1)(A) of such title;
        (3) the first sentence of section 133(d)(3)(A) of such title, 
    as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21 
    (Public Law 112-141);
        (4) sections 133(d)(1) and 163 of such title, as in effect on 
    the day before the date of enactment of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-
    59); and
        (5) section 104(b)(5) of such title, as in effect on the day 
    before the date of enactment of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141).
    (c) Distribution Among States.--The amount to be rescinded under 
this section from a State shall be determined by multiplying the total 
amount of the rescission in subsection (a) by the ratio that--
        (1) the unobligated balances subject to the rescission as of 
    September 30, 2019, for the State; bears to
        (2) the unobligated balances subject to the rescission as of 
    September 30, 2019, for all States.
    (d) Distribution Within Each State.--The amount to be rescinded 
under this section from each program to which the rescission applies 
within a State shall be determined by multiplying the required 
rescission amount calculated under subsection (c) for such State by the 
ratio that--
        (1) the unobligated balance as of September 30, 2019, for such 
    program in such State; bears to
        (2) the unobligated balances as of September 30, 2019, for all 
    programs to which the rescission applies in such State.
SEC. 1439. ELIMINATION OF BARRIERS TO IMPROVE AT-RISK BRIDGES.
    (a) Temporary Authorization.--
        (1) In general.--Until the Secretary of the Interior takes the 
    action described in subsection (b), the take of nesting swallows to 
    facilitate a construction project on a bridge eligible for funding 
    under title 23, United States Code, with any component condition 
    rating of 3 or less (as defined by the National Bridge Inventory 
    General Condition Guidance issued by the Federal Highway 
    Administration) is authorized under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act 
    (16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.) between April 1 and August 31.
        (2) Measures to minimize impacts.--
            (A) Notification before taking.--Prior to the taking of 
        nesting swallows authorized under paragraph (1), any person 
        taking that action shall submit to the Secretary of the 
        Interior a document that contains--
                (i) the name of the person acting under the authority 
            of paragraph (1) to take nesting swallows;
                (ii) a list of practicable measures that will be 
            undertaken to minimize or mitigate significant adverse 
            impacts on the population of that species;
                (iii) the time period during which activities will be 
            carried out that will result in the taking of that species; 
            and
                (iv) an estimate of the number of birds, by species, to 
            be taken in the proposed action.
            (B) Notification after taking.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the taking of nesting swallows authorized under paragraph 
        (1), any person taking that action shall submit to the 
        Secretary of the Interior a document that contains the number 
        of birds, by species, taken in the action.
    (b) Authorization of Take.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation 
    with the Secretary, shall promulgate a regulation under the 
    authority of section 3 of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 
    704) authorizing the take of nesting swallows to facilitate bridge 
    repair, maintenance, or construction--
            (A) without individual permit requirements; and
            (B) under terms and conditions determined to be consistent 
        with treaties relating to migratory birds that protect swallow 
        species occurring in the United States.
        (2) Termination.--On the effective date of a final rule under 
    this subsection by the Secretary of the Interior, subsection (a) 
    shall have no force or effect.
    (c) Suspension or Withdrawal of Take Authorization.--If the 
Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary, 
determines that taking of nesting swallows carried out under the 
authority provided in subsection (a)(1) is having a significant adverse 
impact on swallow populations, the Secretary of the Interior may 
suspend that authority through publication in the Federal Register.
SEC. 1440. AT-RISK PROJECT PREAGREEMENT AUTHORITY.
    (a) Definition of Preliminary Engineering.--In this section, the 
term ``preliminary engineering'' means allowable preconstruction 
project development and engineering costs.
    (b) At-risk Project Preagreement Authority.--A recipient or 
subrecipient of Federal-aid funds under title 23, United States Code, 
may--
        (1) incur preliminary engineering costs for an eligible project 
    under title 23, United States Code, before receiving project 
    authorization from the State, in the case of a subrecipient, and 
    the Secretary to proceed with the project; and
        (2) request reimbursement of applicable Federal funds after the 
    project authorization is received.
    (c) Eligibility.--The Secretary may reimburse preliminary 
engineering costs incurred by a recipient or subrecipient under 
subsection (b)--
        (1) if the costs meet all applicable requirements under title 
    23, United States Code, at the time the costs are incurred and the 
    Secretary concurs that the requirements have been met;
        (2) in the case of a project located within a designated 
    nonattainment or maintenance area for air quality, if the 
    conformity requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et 
    seq.) have been met; and
        (3) if the costs would have been allowable if incurred after 
    the date of the project authorization by the Department.
    (d) At-risk.--A recipient or subrecipient that elects to use the 
authority provided under this section shall--
        (1) assume all risk for preliminary engineering costs incurred 
    prior to project authorization; and
        (2) be responsible for ensuring and demonstrating to the 
    Secretary that all applicable cost eligibility conditions are met 
    after the authorization is received.
    (e) Restrictions.--Nothing in this section--
        (1) allows a recipient or subrecipient to use the authority 
    under this section to advance a project beyond preliminary 
    engineering prior to the completion of the environmental review 
    process;
        (2) waives the applicability of Federal requirements to a 
    project other than the reimbursement of preliminary engineering 
    costs incurred prior to an authorization to proceed in accordance 
    with this section; or
        (3) guarantees Federal funding of the project or the 
    eligibility of the project for future Federal-aid highway funding.
SEC. 1441. REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE ACCELERATOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a regional 
infrastructure demonstration program (referred to in this section as 
the ``program'') to assist entities in developing improved 
infrastructure priorities and financing strategies for the accelerated 
development of a project that is eligible for funding under the TIFIA 
program under chapter 6 of title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Designation of Regional Infrastructure Accelerators.--In 
carrying out the program, the Secretary may designate regional 
infrastructure accelerators that will--
        (1) serve a defined geographic area; and
        (2) act as a resource in the geographic area to qualified 
    entities in accordance with this section.
    (c) Application.--To be eligible for a designation under subsection 
(b), a proposed regional infrastructure accelerator shall submit to the 
Secretary a proposal at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
information as the Secretary may require.
    (d) Criteria.--In evaluating a proposal submitted under subsection 
(c), the Secretary shall consider--
        (1) the need for geographic diversity among regional 
    infrastructure accelerators; and
        (2) the ability of the proposal to promote investment in 
    covered infrastructure projects, which shall include a plan--
            (A) to evaluate and promote innovative financing methods 
        for local projects, including the use of the TIFIA program 
        under chapter 6 of title 23, United States Code;
            (B) to build capacity of State, local, and tribal 
        governments to evaluate and structure projects involving the 
        investment of private capital;
            (C) to provide technical assistance and information on best 
        practices with respect to financing the projects;
            (D) to increase transparency with respect to infrastructure 
        project analysis and using innovative financing for public 
        infrastructure projects;
            (E) to deploy predevelopment capital programs designed to 
        facilitate the creation of a pipeline of infrastructure 
        projects available for investment;
            (F) to bundle smaller-scale and rural projects into larger 
        proposals that may be more attractive for investment; and
            (G) to reduce transaction costs for public project 
        sponsors.
    (e) Annual Report.--Not less frequently than once each year, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that describes the findings 
and effectiveness of the program.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the program $12,000,000, of which the 
Secretary shall use--
        (1) $11,750,000 for initial grants to regional infrastructure 
    accelerators under subsection (b); and
        (2) $250,000 for administrative costs of carrying out the 
    program.
SEC. 1442. SAFETY FOR USERS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall encourage each State and 
metropolitan planning organization to adopt standards for the design of 
Federal surface transportation projects that provide for the safe and 
adequate accommodation (as determined by the State) of all users of the 
surface transportation network, including motorized and nonmotorized 
users, in all phases of project planning, development, and operation.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall make available to the public a report 
cataloging examples of State law or State transportation policy that 
provide for the safe and adequate accommodation of all users of the 
surface transportation network, in all phases of project planning, 
development, and operation.
    (c) Best Practices.--Based on the report under subsection (b), the 
Secretary shall identify and disseminate examples of best practices 
where States have adopted measures that have successfully provided for 
the safe and adequate accommodation of all users of the surface 
transportation network in all phases of project planning, development, 
and operation.
SEC. 1443. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
    It is the sense of Congress that the engineering industry of the 
United States continues to provide critical technical expertise, 
innovation, and local knowledge to Federal and State agencies in order 
to efficiently deliver surface transportation projects to the public, 
and Congress recognizes the valuable contributions made by the 
engineering industry of the United States and urges the Secretary to 
reinforce those partnerships by encouraging State and local agencies to 
take full advantage of engineering industry capabilities to strengthen 
project performance, improve domestic competitiveness, and create jobs.
SEC. 1444. EVERY DAY COUNTS INITIATIVE.
    (a) In General.--It is in the national interest for the Department, 
State departments of transportation, and all other recipients of 
Federal transportation funds--
        (1) to identify, accelerate, and deploy innovation aimed at 
    shortening project delivery, enhancing the safety of the roadways 
    of the United States, and protecting the environment;
        (2) to ensure that the planning, design, engineering, 
    construction, and financing of transportation projects is done in 
    an efficient and effective manner;
        (3) to promote the rapid deployment of proven solutions that 
    provide greater accountability for public investments and encourage 
    greater private sector involvement; and
        (4) to create a culture of innovation within the highway 
    community.
    (b) Every Day Counts Initiative.--To advance the policy described 
in subsection (a), the Administrator of the Federal Highway 
Administration shall continue the Every Day Counts initiative to work 
with States, local transportation agencies, and industry stakeholders 
to identify and deploy proven innovative practices and products that--
        (1) accelerate innovation deployment;
        (2) shorten the project delivery process;
        (3) improve environmental sustainability;
        (4) enhance roadway safety; and
        (5) reduce congestion.
    (c) Innovation Deployment.--
        (1) In general.--At least every 2 years, the Administrator 
    shall work collaboratively with stakeholders to identify a new 
    collection of innovations, best practices, and data to be deployed 
    to highway stakeholders through case studies, webinars, and 
    demonstration projects.
        (2) Requirements.--In identifying a collection described in 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into account market 
    readiness, impacts, benefits, and ease of adoption of the 
    innovation or practice.
    (d) Publication.--Each collection identified under subsection (c) 
shall be published by the Administrator on a publicly available Web 
site.
SEC. 1445. WATER INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION.
    Section 5028(a) of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act 
of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 3907(a)) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (5); and
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively.
SEC. 1446. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
    (a) Title 23.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 119(d)(1)(A) is amended by striking ``mobility,'' 
    and inserting ``congestion reduction, system reliability,''.
        (2) Section 126(b)(1) is amended by striking ``133(d)'' and 
    inserting ``133(d)(1)(A)''.
        (3) Section 127(a)(3) is amended by striking ``118(b)(2) of 
    this title'' and inserting ``118(b)''.
        (4) Section 150(b)(5) is amended by striking ``national freight 
    network'' and inserting ``National Highway Freight Network''.
        (5) Section 150(c)(3)(B) is amended by striking the semicolon 
    at the end and inserting a period.
        (6) Section 150(e)(4) is amended by striking ``National Freight 
    Strategic Plan'' and inserting ``national freight strategic plan''.
        (7) Section 153(h)(2) is amended by striking ``paragraphs (1) 
    through (3)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1), (2), and (4)''.
        (8) Section 154(c) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``paragraphs (1), (3), and 
        (4)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1), (2), and (4)'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ``transferred'' and 
        inserting ``reserved''; and
            (C) in paragraph (5)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
            inserting ``or released'' after ``transferred''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``under section 
            104(b)(l)'' and inserting ``under section 104(b)(1)''.
        (9) Section 163(f)(2) is amended by striking ``118(b)(2)'' and 
    inserting ``118(b)''.
        (10) Section 164(b) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ``transferred'' and 
        inserting ``reserved''; and
            (B) in paragraph (5) by inserting ``or released'' after 
        ``transferred''.
        (11) Section 165(c)(7) is amended by striking ``paragraphs (2), 
    (4), (7), (8), (14), and (19) of section 133(b)'' and inserting 
    ``paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 133(c) and section 
    133(b)(12)''.
        (12) Section 202(b)(3) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), in the matter preceding 
        subclause (I), by inserting ``(a)(6),'' after ``subsections''; 
        and
            (B) in subparagraph (C)(ii)(IV), by striking ``(III).]'' 
        and inserting ``(III).''.
        (13) Section 217(a) is amended by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and 
    inserting ``104(b)(4)''.
        (14) Section 515 is amended by striking ``this chapter'' each 
    place it appears and inserting ``sections 512 through 518''.
    (b) Title 49.--Section 6302(b)(3)(B)(vi)(III) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``6310'' and inserting ``6309''.
    (c) SAFETEA-LU.--Section 4407 of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59; 119 
Stat. 1777) is amended by striking ``hereby enacted into law'' and 
inserting ``granted''.
    (d) MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 2012, and as if included 
therein as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 1109(a)(2) (126 Stat. 444) is amended by striking 
    ``fourth'' and inserting ``fifth''.
        (2) Section 1203 (126 Stat. 524) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a) by striking ``Section 150 of title 
        23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows'' and 
        inserting ``Title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
        inserting after section 149 the following''; and
            (B) in subsection (b) by striking ``by striking the item 
        relating to section 150 and inserting'' and inserting ``by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 149''.
        (3) Section 1313(a)(1) (126 Stat. 545) is amended to read as 
    follows:
        ``(1) in the section heading by striking `pilot'; and''.
        (4) Section 1314(b) (126 Stat. 549) is amended--
            (A) by inserting ``chapter 3 of'' after ``analysis for''; 
        and
            (B) by inserting a period at the end of the matter proposed 
        to be inserted.
        (5) Section 1519(c) (126 Stat. 575) is amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3);
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (12) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (11), respectively;
            (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by subparagraph (B)--
                (i) by striking the period at the end of the matter 
            proposed to be struck; and
                (ii) by adding a period at the end; and
            (D) in paragraph (8)(A)(i)(I), as redesignated by 
        subparagraph (B), by striking ``than rail'' in the matter 
        proposed to be struck and inserting ``than on rail''.
    (e) Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Act of 
2012.--Section 51001(a)(1) of the Transportation Research and 
Innovative Technology Act of 2012 (126 Stat. 864) is amended by 
striking ``sections 503(b), 503(d), and 509'' and inserting ``section 
503(b)''.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

SEC. 2001. TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION ACT OF 
1998 AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Definitions.--Section 601(a) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``In this chapter, the'' and inserting 
        ``The''; and
            (B) by inserting ``to sections 601 through 609'' after 
        ``apply'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) capitalizing a rural projects fund.'';
        (3) in paragraph (3) by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting 
    ``the TIFIA program'';
        (4) in paragraph (10)--
            (A) by striking ``(10) Master credit agreement.--'' and all 
        that follows before subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(10) Master credit agreement.--The term `master credit 
    agreement' means a conditional agreement to extend credit 
    assistance for a program of related projects secured by a common 
    security pledge covered under section 602(b)(2)(A) or for a single 
    project covered under section 602(b)(2)(B) that does not provide 
    for a current obligation of Federal funds, and that would--'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``subject to the 
        availability of future funds being made available to carry out 
        this chapter;'' and inserting ``subject to--
                ``(i) the availability of future funds being made 
            available to carry out the TIFIA program; and
                ``(ii) the satisfaction of all of the conditions for 
            the provision of credit assistance under the TIFIA program, 
            including section 603(b)(1);''; and
            (C) in subparagraph (D)--
                (i) by redesignating clauses (ii) and (iii) as clauses 
            (iii) and (iv), respectively;
                (ii) by inserting after clause (i) the following:
                ``(ii) receiving an investment grade rating from a 
            rating agency;'';
                (iii) in clause (iii) (as so redesignated) by striking 
            ``in section 602(c)'' and inserting ``under the TIFIA 
            program, including sections 602(c) and 603(b)(1)''; and
                (iv) in clause (iv) (as so redesignated) by striking 
            ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
        (5) in paragraph (12)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (D)(iv) by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) a project to improve or construct public 
        infrastructure that is located within walking distance of, and 
        accessible to, a fixed guideway transit facility, passenger 
        rail station, intercity bus station, or intermodal facility, 
        including a transportation, public utility, or capital project 
        described in section 5302(3)(G)(v) of title 49, and related 
        infrastructure; and
            ``(F) the capitalization of a rural projects fund.'';
        (6) in paragraph (15) by striking ``means'' and all that 
    follows through the period at the end and inserting ``means a 
    surface transportation infrastructure project located in an area 
    that is outside of an urbanized area with a population greater than 
    150,000 individuals, as determined by the Bureau of the Census.'';
        (7) by redesignating paragraphs (16), (17), (18), (19), and 
    (20) as paragraphs (17), (18), (20), (21), and (22), respectively;
        (8) by inserting after paragraph (15) the following:
        ``(16) Rural projects fund.--The term `rural projects fund' 
    means a fund--
            ``(A) established by a State infrastructure bank in 
        accordance with section 610(d)(4);
            ``(B) capitalized with the proceeds of a secured loan made 
        to the bank in accordance with sections 602 and 603; and
            ``(C) for the purpose of making loans to sponsors of rural 
        infrastructure projects in accordance with section 610.'';
        (9) by inserting after paragraph (18) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
        ``(19) State infrastructure bank.--The term `State 
    infrastructure bank' means an infrastructure bank established under 
    section 610.''; and
        (10) in paragraph (22) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
    ``established under sections 602 through 609'' after 
    ``Department''.
    (b) Determination of Eligibility and Project Selection.--Section 
602 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA 
        program'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``this chapter'' and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
            (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``this chapter'' and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
            (D) in paragraph (5)--
                (i) by striking the paragraph heading and inserting 
            ``Eligible project cost parameters.--'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
                ``subparagraph (B), to be eligible for assistance under 
                this chapter, a project'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
                (B), a project under the TIFIA program'';
                    (II) by striking clause (i) and inserting the 
                following:

                ``(i) $50,000,000; and''; and

                    (III) in clause (ii) by striking ``assistance''; 
                and

                (iii) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) by striking the subparagraph designation and 
                heading and all that follows through ``In the case'' 
                and inserting the following:

            ``(B) Exceptions.--
                ``(i) Intelligent transportation systems.--In the 
            case''; and

                    (II) by adding at the end the following:

                ``(ii) Transit-oriented development projects.--In the 
            case of a project described in section 601(a)(12)(E), 
            eligible project costs shall be reasonably anticipated to 
            equal or exceed $10,000,000.
                ``(iii) Rural projects.--In the case of a rural 
            infrastructure project or a project capitalizing a rural 
            projects fund, eligible project costs shall be reasonably 
            anticipated to equal or exceed $10,000,000, but not to 
            exceed $100,000,000.
                ``(iv) Local infrastructure projects.--Eligible project 
            costs shall be reasonably anticipated to equal or exceed 
            $10,000,000 in the case of a project or program of 
            projects--

                    ``(I) in which the applicant is a local government, 
                public authority, or instrumentality of local 
                government;
                    ``(II) located on a facility owned by a local 
                government; or
                    ``(III) for which the Secretary determines that a 
                local government is substantially involved in the 
                development of the project.'';

            (E) in paragraph (9), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA 
        program''; and
            (F) in paragraph (10)--
                (i) by striking ``To be eligible'' and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        to be eligible'';
                (ii) by striking ``this chapter'' each place it appears 
            and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                (iii) by striking ``not later than'' and inserting ``no 
            later than''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of a project 
        capitalizing a rural projects fund, the State infrastructure 
        bank shall demonstrate, not later than 2 years after the date 
        on which a secured loan is obligated for the project under the 
        TIFIA program, that the bank has executed a loan agreement with 
        a borrower for a rural infrastructure project in accordance 
        with section 610. After the demonstration is made, the bank may 
        draw upon the secured loan. At the end of the 2-year period, to 
        the extent the bank has not used the loan commitment, the 
        Secretary may extend the term of the loan or withdraw the loan 
        commitment.'';
        (2) in subsection (b) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(2) Master credit agreements.--
            ``(A) Program of related projects.--The Secretary may enter 
        into a master credit agreement for a program of related 
        projects secured by a common security pledge on terms 
        acceptable to the Secretary.
            ``(B) Adequate funding not available.--If the Secretary 
        fully obligates funding to eligible projects for a fiscal year 
        and adequate funding is not available to fund a credit 
        instrument, a project sponsor of an eligible project may elect 
        to enter into a master credit agreement and wait to execute a 
        credit instrument until the fiscal year for which additional 
        funds are available to receive credit assistance.'';
        (3) in subsection (c)(1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
    (A), by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA 
    program''; and
        (4) in subsection (e) by striking ``this chapter'' and 
    inserting ``the TIFIA program''.
    (c) Secured Loan Terms and Limitations.--Section 603 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(2) Limitation on refinancing of interim construction 
    financing.--A loan under paragraph (1) shall not refinance interim 
    construction financing under paragraph (1)(B)--
            ``(A) if the maturity of such interim construction 
        financing is later than 1 year after the substantial completion 
        of the project; and
            ``(B) later than 1 year after the date of substantial 
        completion of the project.'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``The amount of'' and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        the amount of''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of a project 
        capitalizing a rural projects fund, the maximum amount of a 
        secured loan made to a State infrastructure bank shall be 
        determined in accordance with section 602(a)(5)(B)(iii).'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)(A)(i)--
                (i) in subclause (III) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                (ii) in subclause (IV) by striking ``and'' at the end 
            and inserting ``or''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:

                    ``(V) in the case of a secured loan for a project 
                capitalizing a rural projects fund, any other dedicated 
                revenue sources available to a State infrastructure 
                bank, including repayments from loans made by the bank 
                for rural infrastructure projects; and'';

            (C) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                (i) in clause (i) by striking ``under this chapter'' 
            and inserting ``or a rural projects fund under the TIFIA 
            program''; and
                (ii) in clause (ii) by inserting ``and rural project 
            funds'' after ``rural infrastructure projects'';
            (D) in paragraph (5)--
                (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
            clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
            appropriately;
                (ii) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
            redesignated) by striking ``The final'' and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        the final''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of a project 
        capitalizing a rural projects fund, the final maturity date of 
        the secured loan shall not exceed 35 years after the date on 
        which the secured loan is obligated.'';
            (E) in paragraph (8) by striking ``this chapter'' and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
            (F) in paragraph (9)--
                (i) by striking ``The total Federal assistance provided 
            on a project receiving a loan under this chapter'' and 
            inserting the following:
            ``(A) In general.--The total Federal assistance provided 
        for a project receiving a loan under the TIFIA program''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Rural projects fund.--A project capitalizing a rural 
        projects fund shall satisfy subparagraph (A) through compliance 
        with the Federal share requirement described in section 
        610(e)(3)(B).''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Streamlined Application Process.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall make available an 
    expedited application process or processes available at the request 
    of entities seeking secured loans under the TIFIA program that use 
    a set or sets of conventional terms established pursuant to this 
    section.
        ``(2) Terms.--In establishing the streamlined application 
    process required by this subsection, the Secretary may include 
    terms commonly included in prior credit agreements and allow for an 
    expedited application period, including--
            ``(A) the secured loan is in an amount of not greater than 
        $100,000,000;
            ``(B) the secured loan is secured and payable from pledged 
        revenues not affected by project performance, such as a tax-
        backed revenue pledge, tax increment financing, or a system-
        backed pledge of project revenues; and
            ``(C) repayment of the loan commences not later than 5 
        years after disbursement.''.
    (d) Program Administration.--Section 605 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``this chapter'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Assistance to Small Projects.--
        ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds made available to 
    carry out the TIFIA program for each fiscal year, and after the set 
    aside under section 608(a)(5), not less than $2,000,000 shall be 
    made available for the Secretary to use in lieu of fees collected 
    under subsection (b) for projects under the TIFIA program having 
    eligible project costs that are reasonably anticipated not to equal 
    or exceed $75,000,000.
        ``(2) Release of funds.--Any funds not used under paragraph (1) 
    in a fiscal year shall be made available on October 1 of the 
    following fiscal year to provide credit assistance to any project 
    under the TIFIA program.''.
    (e) State and Local Permits.--Section 606 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program''.
    (f) Regulations.--Section 607 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA 
program''.
    (g) Funding.--Section 608 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``this chapter'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``of'' after ``504(f)'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or rural 
            projects funds'' after ``rural infrastructure projects''; 
            and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or rural 
            projects funds'' after ``rural infrastructure projects'';
            (C) by striking paragraphs (4) and (6) and redesignating 
        paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
            (D) by inserting at the end the following:
        ``(5) Administrative costs.--Of the amounts made available to 
    carry out the TIFIA program, the Secretary may use not more than 
    $6,875,000 for fiscal year 2016, $7,081,000 for fiscal year 2017, 
    $7,559,000 for fiscal year 2018, $8,195,000 for fiscal year 2019, 
    and $8,441,000 for fiscal year 2020 for the administration of the 
    TIFIA program.''.
    (h) Reports to Congress.--Section 609 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``this chapter (other than section 610)'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``the TIFIA program''.
    (i) State Infrastructure Bank Program.--Section 610 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(11) Rural infrastructure project.--The term `rural 
    infrastructure project' has the meaning given the term in section 
    601.
        ``(12) Rural projects fund.--The term `rural projects fund' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 601.'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``each of fiscal 
        years'' and all that follows through the end of subparagraph 
        (A) and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 
        under each of paragraphs (1), (2), and (5) of section 104(b); 
        and'';
            (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
        through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020'';
            (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
        through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020'';
            (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
            (E) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
        ``(4) Rural projects fund.--Subject to subsection (j), the 
    Secretary may permit a State entering into a cooperative agreement 
    under this section to establish a State infrastructure bank to 
    deposit into the rural projects fund of the bank the proceeds of a 
    secured loan made to the bank in accordance with sections 602 and 
    603.''; and
            (F) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated) by striking 
        ``section 133(d)(3)'' and inserting ``section 
        133(d)(1)(A)(i)'';
        (3) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
    ``(e) Forms of Assistance From State Infrastructure Banks.--
        ``(1) In general.--A State infrastructure bank established 
    under this section may--
            ``(A) with funds deposited into the highway account, 
        transit account, or rail account of the bank, make loans or 
        provide other forms of credit assistance to a public or private 
        entity to carry out a project eligible for assistance under 
        this section; and
            ``(B) with funds deposited into the rural projects fund, 
        make loans to a public or private entity to carry out a rural 
        infrastructure project.
        ``(2) Subordination of loan.--The amount of a loan or other 
    form of credit assistance provided for a project described in 
    paragraph (1) may be subordinated to any other debt financing for 
    the project.
        ``(3) Maximum amount of assistance.--A State infrastructure 
    bank established under this section may--
            ``(A) with funds deposited into the highway account, 
        transit account, or rail account of the bank, make loans or 
        provide other forms of credit assistance to a public or private 
        entity in an amount up to 100 percent of the cost of carrying 
        out a project eligible for assistance under this section; and
            ``(B) with funds deposited into the rural projects fund, 
        make loans to a public or private entity in an amount not to 
        exceed 80 percent of the cost of carrying out a rural 
        infrastructure project.
        ``(4) Initial assistance.--Initial assistance provided with 
    respect to a project from Federal funds deposited into a State 
    infrastructure bank under this section may not be made in the form 
    of a grant.'';
        (4) in subsection (g)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``each account'' and 
        inserting ``the highway account, the transit account, and the 
        rail account''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4) by inserting ``, except that any loan 
        funded from the rural projects fund of the bank shall bear 
        interest at or below the interest rate charged for the TIFIA 
        loan provided to the bank under section 603'' after 
        ``feasible''; and
        (5) in subsection (k) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 through 
    2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 2020''.
SEC. 2002. AVAILABILITY PAYMENT CONCESSION MODEL.
    (a) Payment to States for Construction.--Section 121(a) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including payments 
made pursuant to a long-term concession agreement, such as availability 
payments)'' after ``a project''.
    (b) Project Approval and Oversight.--Section 106(b)(1) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including payments made 
pursuant to a long-term concession agreement, such as availability 
payments)'' after ``construction of the project''.

                    TITLE III--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 3001. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Federal Public Transportation Act 
of 2015''.
SEC. 3002. DEFINITIONS.
    Section 5302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ``functional'' before 
        ``landscaping and''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``bicycle storage 
        facilities and installing equipment'' and inserting ``bicycle 
        storage shelters and parking facilities and the installation of 
        equipment'';
        (2) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) by striking subparagraph (F) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(F) leasing equipment or a facility for use in public 
        transportation;'';
            (B) in subparagraph (G)--
                (i) in clause (iv) by adding ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in clause (v) by striking ``and'' at the end; and
                (iii) by striking clause (vi);
            (C) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(I) the provision of nonfixed route paratransit 
        transportation services in accordance with section 223 of the 
        Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12143), but 
        only for grant recipients that are in compliance with 
        applicable requirements of that Act, including both fixed route 
        and demand responsive service, and only for amounts--
                ``(i) not to exceed 10 percent of such recipient's 
            annual formula apportionment under sections 5307 and 5311; 
            or
                ``(ii) not to exceed 20 percent of such recipient's 
            annual formula apportionment under sections 5307 and 5311, 
            if, consistent with guidance issued by the Secretary, the 
            recipient demonstrates that the recipient meets at least 2 
            of the following requirements:

                    ``(I) Provides an active fixed route travel 
                training program that is available for riders with 
                disabilities.
                    ``(II) Provides that all fixed route and 
                paratransit operators participate in a passenger 
                safety, disability awareness, and sensitivity training 
                class on at least a biennial basis.
                    ``(III) Has memoranda of understanding in place 
                with employers and the American Job Center to increase 
                access to employment opportunities for people with 
                disabilities.'';

            (D) in subparagraph (K) by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (E) in subparagraph (L) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(M) associated transit improvements; or
            ``(N) technological changes or innovations to modify low or 
        no emission vehicles (as defined in section 5339(c)) or 
        facilities.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(24) Value capture.--The term `value capture' means 
    recovering the increased property value to property located near 
    public transportation resulting from investments in public 
    transportation.''.
SEC. 3003. METROPOLITAN AND STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.
    (a) In General.--Section 5303 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1) by inserting ``resilient'' after 
    ``development of'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
    transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
    transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that support 
    intercity transportation, including intercity buses and intercity 
    bus facilities and commuter vanpool providers'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (7), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
        ``(3) Representation.--
            ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection of officials or 
        representatives under paragraph (2) shall be determined by the 
        metropolitan planning organization according to the bylaws or 
        enabling statute of the organization.
            ``(B) Public transportation representative.--Subject to the 
        bylaws or enabling statute of the metropolitan planning 
        organization, a representative of a provider of public 
        transportation may also serve as a representative of a local 
        municipality.
            ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An official described 
        in paragraph (2)(B) shall have responsibilities, actions, 
        duties, voting rights, and any other authority commensurate 
        with other officials described in paragraph (2).''; and
            (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting ``paragraph (6)'';
        (4) in subsection (e)(4)(B) by striking ``subsection (d)(5)'' 
    and inserting ``subsection (d)(6)'';
        (5) in subsection (g)(3)(A) by inserting ``tourism, natural 
    disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic development,'';
        (6) in subsection (h)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
        transportation system.'';
        (7) in subsection (i)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)(i) by striking ``transit'' and 
            inserting ``public transportation facilities, intercity bus 
            facilities'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (G)--

                    (I) by striking ``and provide'' and inserting ``, 
                provide''; and
                    (II) by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``, and reduce the vulnerability of the 
                existing transportation infrastructure to natural 
                disasters''; and

                (iii) in subparagraph (H) by inserting before the 
            period at the end the following: ``, including 
            consideration of the role that intercity buses may play in 
            reducing congestion, pollution, and energy consumption in a 
            cost-effective manner and strategies and investments that 
            preserve and enhance intercity bus systems, including 
            systems that are privately owned and operated'';
            (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
            shippers,''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus operators, 
            employer-based commuting programs, such as a carpool 
            program, vanpool program, transit benefit program, parking 
            cash-out program, shuttle program, or telework program)'' 
            after ``private providers of transportation''; and
            (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``paragraph (2)(C)'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``paragraph (2)(E)'';
        (8) in subsection (k)(3)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``(including intercity 
        bus operators, employer-based commuting programs, such as a 
        carpool program, vanpool program, transit benefit program, 
        parking cash-out program, shuttle program, or telework 
        program), job access projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A metropolitan planning 
        organization serving a transportation management area may 
        develop a plan that includes projects and strategies that will 
        be considered in the TIP of such metropolitan planning 
        organization. Such plan shall--
                ``(i) develop regional goals to reduce vehicle miles 
            traveled during peak commuting hours and improve 
            transportation connections between areas with high job 
            concentration and areas with high concentrations of low-
            income households;
                ``(ii) identify existing public transportation 
            services, employer-based commuter programs, and other 
            existing transportation services that support access to 
            jobs in the region; and
                ``(iii) identify proposed projects and programs to 
            reduce congestion and increase job access opportunities.
            ``(D) Participation.--In developing the plan under 
        subparagraph (C), a metropolitan planning organization shall 
        consult with employers, private and non-profit providers of 
        public transportation, transportation management organizations, 
        and organizations that provide job access reverse commute 
        projects or job-related services to low-income individuals.'';
        (9) in subsection (l)--
            (A) by adding a period at the end of paragraph (1); and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of less than 
        200,000'' and inserting ``with a population of 200,000 or 
        less'';
        (10) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set aside under 
    section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds apportioned under section 
    104(b)(5)''; and
        (11) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(r) Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization.--
        ``(1) Definition of bi-state mpo region.--In this subsection, 
    the term `Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization' has the 
    meaning given the term `region' in subsection (a) of Article II of 
    the Lake Tahoe Regional Planning Compact (Public Law 96-551; 94 
    Stat. 3234).
        ``(2) Treatment.--For the purpose of this title, the Bi-State 
    Metropolitan Planning Organization shall be treated as--
            ``(A) a metropolitan planning organization;
            ``(B) a transportation management area under subsection 
        (k); and
            ``(C) an urbanized area, which is comprised of a population 
        of 145,000 in the State of California and a population of 
        65,000 in the State of Nevada.''.
    (b) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Transportation Planning.--Section 
5304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
    transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
    transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that support 
    intercity transportation, including intercity buses and intercity 
    bus facilities and commuter vanpool providers'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
        transportation system.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by striking ``urbanized''; 
            and
                (ii) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``urbanized''; and
        (3) in subsection (f)(3)(A)(ii)--
            (A) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
        shippers,''; and
            (B) by inserting ``(including intercity bus operators, 
        employer-based commuting programs, such as a carpool program, 
        vanpool program, transit benefit program, parking cash-out 
        program, shuttle program, or telework program)'' after 
        ``private providers of transportation''.
SEC. 3004. URBANIZED AREA FORMULA GRANTS.
    Section 5307 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``or demand response 
        service, excluding ADA complementary paratransit service,'' 
        before ``during'' each place it appears; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Exception to the special rule.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
    (2), if a public transportation system described in such paragraph 
    executes a written agreement with 1 or more other public 
    transportation systems within the urbanized area to allocate funds 
    for the purposes described in the paragraph by a method other than 
    by measuring vehicle revenue hours, each public transportation 
    system that is a party to the written agreement may follow the 
    terms of the written agreement without regard to measured vehicle 
    revenue hours referred to in the paragraph.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in accordance with 
        the recipient's transit asset management plan'' after 
        ``equipment and facilities''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``Census--'' and all 
        that follows through clause (ii) and inserting the following: 
        ``Census, will submit an annual report listing projects carried 
        out in the preceding fiscal year under this section for 
        associated transit improvements as defined in section 5302; 
        and''.
SEC. 3005. FIXED GUIDEWAY CAPITAL INVESTMENT GRANTS.
    (a) In General.--Section 5309 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and weekend days'';
            (B) in paragraph (6)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, small start 
            projects,'' after ``new fixed guideway capital projects''; 
            and
                (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(B) 2 or more projects that are any combination of new 
        fixed guideway capital projects, small start projects, and core 
        capacity improvement projects.''; and
            (C) in paragraph (7)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$75,000,000'' 
            and inserting ``$100,000,000''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$250,000,000'' 
            and inserting ``$300,000,000'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(B) by striking ``, policies and land 
        use patterns that promote public transportation,''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                (i) in clause (iii) by adding ``and'' after the 
            semicolon;
                (ii) by striking clause (iv); and
                (iii) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (iv);
        (3) in subsection (g)(2)(A)(i) by striking ``the policies and 
    land use patterns that support public transportation,'';
        (4) in subsection (h)(6)--
            (A) by striking ``In carrying out'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) In general.--In carrying out''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Optional early rating.--At the request of the project 
        sponsor, the Secretary shall evaluate and rate the project in 
        accordance with paragraphs (4) and (5) and subparagraph (A) of 
        this paragraph upon completion of the analysis required under 
        the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
        et seq.).'';
        (5) in subsection (i)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection (d) or (e)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (d), (e), or (h)'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
            inserting ``new fixed guideway capital project or core 
            capacity improvement'' after ``federally funded'';
                (ii) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(D) the program of interrelated projects, when evaluated 
        as a whole--
                ``(i) meets the requirements of subsection (d)(2), 
            subsection (e)(2), or paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection 
            (h), as applicable, if the program is comprised entirely 
            of--

                    ``(I) new fixed guideway capital projects;
                    ``(II) core capacity improvement projects; or
                    ``(III) small start projects; or

                ``(ii) meets the requirements of subsection (d)(2) if 
            the program is comprised of any combination of new fixed 
            guideway capital projects, small start projects, and core 
            capacity improvement projects;''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ``or subsection 
            (h)(5), as applicable'' after ``subsection (f)''; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (3)(A) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) Project advancement.--A project receiving a grant 
        under this section that is part of a program of interrelated 
        projects may not advance--
                ``(i) in the case of a small start project, from the 
            project development phase to the construction phase unless 
            the Secretary determines that the program of interrelated 
            projects meets the applicable requirements of this section 
            and there is a reasonable likelihood that the program will 
            continue to meet such requirements; or
                ``(ii) in the case of a new fixed guideway capital 
            project or a core capacity improvement project, from the 
            project development phase to the engineering phase, or from 
            the engineering phase to the construction phase, unless the 
            Secretary determines that the program of interrelated 
            projects meets the applicable requirements of this section 
            and there is a reasonable likelihood that the program will 
            continue to meet such requirements.'';
        (6) in subsection (l)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Estimation of net capital project cost.--Based on 
        engineering studies, studies of economic feasibility, and 
        information on the expected use of equipment or facilities, the 
        Secretary shall estimate the net capital project cost.
            ``(B) Grants.--
                ``(i) Grant for new fixed guideway capital project.--A 
            grant for a new fixed guideway capital project shall not 
            exceed 80 percent of the net capital project cost.
                ``(ii) Full funding grant agreement for new fixed 
            guideway capital project.--A full funding grant agreement 
            for a new fixed guideway capital project shall not include 
            a share of more than 60 percent from the funds made 
            available under this section.
                ``(iii) Grant for core capacity improvement project.--A 
            grant for a core capacity improvement project shall not 
            exceed 80 percent of the net capital project cost of the 
            incremental cost to increase the capacity in the corridor.
                ``(iv) Grant for small start project.--A grant for a 
            small start project shall not exceed 80 percent of the net 
            capital project costs.''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
        ``(4) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net capital 
    project costs shall be provided--
            ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources;
            ``(B) from revenues from the sale of advertising and 
        concessions; or
            ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a replacement or 
        depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new capital.'';
        (7) by striking subsection (n) and inserting the following:
    ``(n) Availability of Amounts.--
        ``(1) In general.--An amount made available or appropriated for 
    a new fixed guideway capital project or core capacity improvement 
    project shall remain available to that project for 4 fiscal years, 
    including the fiscal year in which the amount is made available or 
    appropriated. Any amounts that are unobligated to the project at 
    the end of the 4-fiscal-year period may be used by the Secretary 
    for any purpose under this section.
        ``(2) Use of deobligated amounts.--An amount available under 
    this section that is deobligated may be used for any purpose under 
    this section.''; and
        (8) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(p) Special Rule.--For the purposes of calculating the cost 
effectiveness of a project described in subsection (d) or (e), the 
Secretary shall not reduce or eliminate the capital costs of art and 
non-functional landscaping elements from the annualized capital cost 
calculation.
    ``(q) Joint Public Transportation and Intercity Passenger Rail 
Projects.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants for new fixed 
    guideway capital projects and core capacity improvement projects 
    that provide both public transportation and intercity passenger 
    rail service.
        ``(2) Eligible costs.--Eligible costs for a project under this 
    subsection shall be limited to the net capital costs of the public 
    transportation costs attributable to the project based on projected 
    use of the new segment or expanded capacity of the project 
    corridor, not including project elements designed to achieve or 
    maintain a state of good repair, as determined by the Secretary 
    under paragraph (4).
        ``(3) Project justification and local financial commitment.--A 
    project under this subsection shall be evaluated for project 
    justification and local financial commitment under subsections (d), 
    (e), (f), and (h), as applicable to the project, based on--
            ``(A) the net capital costs of the public transportation 
        costs attributable to the project as determined under paragraph 
        (4); and
            ``(B) the share of funds dedicated to the project from 
        sources other than this section included in the unified finance 
        plan for the project.
        ``(4) Calculation of net capital project cost.--The Secretary 
    shall estimate the net capital costs of a project under this 
    subsection based on--
            ``(A) engineering studies;
            ``(B) studies of economic feasibility;
            ``(C) the expected use of equipment or facilities; and
            ``(D) the public transportation costs attributable to the 
        project.
        ``(5) Government share of net capital project cost.--
            ``(A) Government share.--The Government share shall not 
        exceed 80 percent of the net capital cost attributable to the 
        public transportation costs of a project under this subsection 
        as determined under paragraph (4).
            ``(B) Non-government share.--The remainder of the net 
        capital cost attributable to the public transportation costs of 
        a project under this subsection shall be provided from an 
        undistributed cash surplus, a replacement or depreciation cash 
        fund or reserve, or new capital.''.
    (b) Expedited Project Delivery for Capital Investment Grants Pilot 
Program.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following definitions 
    shall apply:
            (A) Applicant.--The term ``applicant'' means a State or 
        local governmental authority that applies for a grant under 
        this subsection.
            (B) Capital project; fixed guideway; local governmental 
        authority; public transportation; state; state of good 
        repair.--The terms ``capital project'', ``fixed guideway'', 
        ``local governmental authority'', ``public transportation'', 
        ``State'', and ``state of good repair'' have the meanings given 
        those terms in section 5302 of title 49, United States Code.
            (C) Core capacity improvement project.--The term ``core 
        capacity improvement project''--
                (i) means a substantial corridor-based capital 
            investment in an existing fixed guideway system that 
            increases the capacity of a corridor by not less than 10 
            percent; and
                (ii) may include project elements designed to aid the 
            existing fixed guideway system in making substantial 
            progress towards achieving a state of good repair.
            (D) Corridor-based bus rapid transit project.--The term 
        ``corridor-based bus rapid transit project'' means a small 
        start project utilizing buses in which the project represents a 
        substantial investment in a defined corridor as demonstrated by 
        features that emulate the services provided by rail fixed 
        guideway public transportation systems--
                (i) including--

                    (I) defined stations;
                    (II) traffic signal priority for public 
                transportation vehicles;
                    (III) short headway bidirectional services for a 
                substantial part of weekdays; and
                    (IV) any other features the Secretary may determine 
                support a long-term corridor investment; and

                (ii) the majority of which does not operate in a 
            separated right-of-way dedicated for public transportation 
            use during peak periods.
            (E) Eligible project.--The term ``eligible project'' means 
        a new fixed guideway capital project, a small start project, or 
        a core capacity improvement project that has not entered into a 
        full funding grant agreement with the Federal Transit 
        Administration before the date of enactment of this Act.
            (F) Fixed guideway bus rapid transit project.--The term 
        ``fixed guideway bus rapid transit project'' means a bus 
        capital project--
                (i) in which the majority of the project operates in a 
            separated right-of-way dedicated for public transportation 
            use during peak periods;
                (ii) that represents a substantial investment in a 
            single route in a defined corridor or subarea; and
                (iii) that includes features that emulate the services 
            provided by rail fixed guideway public transportation 
            systems, including--

                    (I) defined stations;
                    (II) traffic signal priority for public 
                transportation vehicles;
                    (III) short headway bidirectional services for a 
                substantial part of weekdays and weekend days; and
                    (IV) any other features the Secretary may determine 
                are necessary to produce high-quality public 
                transportation services that emulate the services 
                provided by rail fixed guideway public transportation 
                systems.

            (G) New fixed guideway capital project.--The term ``new 
        fixed guideway capital project'' means--
                (i) a fixed guideway capital project that is a minimum 
            operable segment or extension to an existing fixed guideway 
            system; or
                (ii) a fixed guideway bus rapid transit project that is 
            a minimum operable segment or an extension to an existing 
            bus rapid transit system.
            (H) Recipient.--The term ``recipient'' means a recipient of 
        funding under chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code.
            (I) Small start project.--The term ``small start project'' 
        means a new fixed guideway capital project, a fixed guideway 
        bus rapid transit project, or a corridor-based bus rapid 
        transit project for which--
                (i) the Federal assistance provided or to be provided 
            under this subsection is less than $75,000,000; and
                (ii) the total estimated net capital cost is less than 
            $300,000,000.
        (2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants under 
    this subsection to States and local governmental authorities to 
    assist in financing--
            (A) new fixed guideway capital projects or small start 
        projects, including the acquisition of real property, the 
        initial acquisition of rolling stock for the system, the 
        acquisition of rights-of-way, and relocation, for projects in 
        the advanced stages of planning and design; and
            (B) core capacity improvement projects, including the 
        acquisition of real property, the acquisition of rights-of-way, 
        double tracking, signalization improvements, electrification, 
        expanding system platforms, acquisition of rolling stock 
        associated with corridor improvements increasing capacity, 
        construction of infill stations, and such other capacity 
        improvement projects as the Secretary determines are 
        appropriate to increase the capacity of an existing fixed 
        guideway system corridor by not less than 10 percent. Core 
        capacity improvement projects do not include elements to 
        improve general station facilities or parking, or acquisition 
        of rolling stock alone.
        (3) Grant requirements.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary may make not more than 8 
        grants under this subsection for eligible projects if the 
        Secretary determines that--
                (i) the eligible project is part of an approved 
            transportation plan required under sections 5303 and 5304 
            of title 49, United States Code;
                (ii) the applicant has, or will have--

                    (I) the legal, financial, and technical capacity to 
                carry out the eligible project, including the safety 
                and security aspects of the eligible project;
                    (II) satisfactory continuing control over the use 
                of the equipment or facilities;
                    (III) the technical and financial capacity to 
                maintain new and existing equipment and facilities; and
                    (IV) advisors providing guidance to the applicant 
                on the terms and structure of the project that are 
                independent from investors in the project;

                (iii) the eligible project is supported, or will be 
            supported, in part, through a public-private partnership, 
            provided such support is determined by local policies, 
            criteria, and decisionmaking under section 5306(a) of title 
            49, United States Code;
                (iv) the eligible project is justified based on 
            findings presented by the project sponsor to the Secretary, 
            including--

                    (I) mobility improvements attributable to the 
                project;
                    (II) environmental benefits associated with the 
                project;
                    (III) congestion relief associated with the 
                project;
                    (IV) economic development effects derived as a 
                result of the project; and
                    (V) estimated ridership projections;

                (v) the eligible project is supported by an acceptable 
            degree of local financial commitment (including evidence of 
            stable and dependable financing sources); and
                (vi) the eligible project will be operated and 
            maintained by employees of an existing provider of fixed 
            guideway or bus rapid transit public transportation in the 
            service area of the project, or if none exists, by 
            employees of an existing public transportation provider in 
            the service area.
            (B) Certification.--An applicant that has submitted the 
        certifications required under subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and 
        (H) of section 5307(c)(1) of title 49, United States Code, 
        shall be deemed to have provided sufficient information upon 
        which the Secretary may make the determinations required under 
        this paragraph.
            (C) Technical capacity.--The Secretary shall use an 
        expedited technical capacity review process for applicants that 
        have recently and successfully completed not less than 1 new 
        fixed guideway capital project, small start project, or core 
        capacity improvement project, if--
                (i) the applicant achieved budget, cost, and ridership 
            outcomes for the project that are consistent with or better 
            than projections; and
                (ii) the applicant demonstrates that the applicant 
            continues to have the staff expertise and other resources 
            necessary to implement a new project.
            (D) Financial commitment.--
                (i) Requirements.--In determining whether an eligible 
            project is supported by an acceptable degree of local 
            financial commitment and shows evidence of stable and 
            dependable financing sources for purposes of subparagraph 
            (A)(v), the Secretary shall require that--

                    (I) each proposed source of capital and operating 
                financing is stable, reliable, and available within the 
                proposed eligible project timetable; and
                    (II) resources are available to recapitalize, 
                maintain, and operate the overall existing and proposed 
                public transportation system, including essential 
                feeder bus and other services necessary, without 
                degradation to the existing level of public 
                transportation services.

                (ii) Considerations.--In assessing the stability, 
            reliability, and availability of proposed sources of 
            financing under clause (i), the Secretary shall consider--

                    (I) the reliability of the forecasting methods used 
                to estimate costs and revenues made by the applicant 
                and the contractors to the applicant;
                    (II) existing grant commitments;
                    (III) the degree to which financing sources are 
                dedicated to the proposed eligible project;
                    (IV) any debt obligation that exists or is proposed 
                by the applicant, for the proposed eligible project or 
                other public transportation purpose; and
                    (V) private contributions to the eligible project, 
                including cost-effective project delivery, management 
                or transfer of project risks, expedited project 
                schedule, financial partnering, and other public-
                private partnership strategies.

            (E) Labor standards.--The requirements under section 5333 
        of title 49, United States Code, shall apply to each recipient 
        of a grant under this subsection.
        (4) Project advancement.--An applicant that desires a grant 
    under this subsection and meets the requirements of paragraph (3) 
    shall submit to the Secretary, and the Secretary shall approve for 
    advancement, a grant request that contains--
            (A) identification of an eligible project;
            (B) a schedule and finance plan for the construction and 
        operation of the eligible project;
            (C) an analysis of the efficiencies of the proposed 
        eligible project development and delivery methods and 
        innovative financing arrangement for the eligible project, 
        including any documents related to the--
                (i) public-private partnership required under paragraph 
            (3)(A)(iii); and
                (ii) project justification required under paragraph 
            (3)(A)(iv); and
            (D) a certification that the existing public transportation 
        system of the applicant or, in the event that the applicant 
        does not operate a public transportation system, the public 
        transportation system to which the proposed project will be 
        attached, is in a state of good repair.
        (5) Written notice from the secretary.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date on 
        which the Secretary receives a grant request of an applicant 
        under paragraph (4), the Secretary shall provide written notice 
        to the applicant--
                (i) of approval of the grant request; or
                (ii) if the grant request does not meet the 
            requirements under paragraph (4), of disapproval of the 
            grant request, including a detailed explanation of the 
            reasons for the disapproval.
            (B) Concurrent notice.--The Secretary shall provide 
        concurrent notice of an approval or disapproval of a grant 
        request under subparagraph (A) to the Committee on Banking, 
        Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (6) Waiver.--The Secretary may grant a waiver to an applicant 
    that does not comply with paragraph (4)(D) if--
            (A) the eligible project meets the definition of a core 
        capacity improvement project; and
            (B) the Secretary certifies that the eligible project will 
        allow the applicant to make substantial progress in achieving a 
        state of good repair.
        (7) Selection criteria.--The Secretary may enter into a full 
    funding grant agreement with an applicant under this subsection for 
    an eligible project for which an application has been submitted and 
    approved for advancement by the Secretary under paragraph (4), only 
    if the applicant has completed the planning and activities required 
    under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
    et seq.).
        (8) Letters of intent and full funding grant agreements.--
            (A) Letters of intent.--
                (i) Amounts intended to be obligated.--The Secretary 
            may issue a letter of intent to an applicant announcing an 
            intention to obligate, for an eligible project under this 
            subsection, an amount from future available budget 
            authority specified in law that is not more than the amount 
            stipulated as the financial participation of the Secretary 
            in the eligible project. When a letter is issued for an 
            eligible project under this subsection, the amount shall be 
            sufficient to complete at least an operable segment.
                (ii) Treatment.--The issuance of a letter under clause 
            (i) is deemed not to be an obligation under section 
            1108(c), 1501, or 1502(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
            or an administrative commitment.
            (B) Full funding grant agreements.--
                (i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (v), an 
            eligible project shall be carried out under this subsection 
            through a full funding grant agreement.
                (ii) Criteria.--The Secretary shall enter into a full 
            funding grant agreement, based on the requirements of this 
            subparagraph, with each applicant receiving assistance for 
            an eligible project that has received a written notice of 
            approval under paragraph (5)(A)(i).
                (iii) Terms.--A full funding grant agreement shall--

                    (I) establish the terms of participation by the 
                Federal Government in the eligible project;
                    (II) establish the maximum amount of Federal 
                financial assistance for the eligible project;
                    (III) include the period of time for completing 
                construction of the eligible project, consistent with 
                the terms of the public-private partnership agreement, 
                even if that period extends beyond the period of an 
                authorization; and
                    (IV) make timely and efficient management of the 
                eligible project easier according to the law of the 
                United States.

                (iv) Special financial rules.--

                    (I) In general.--A full funding grant agreement 
                under this subparagraph obligates an amount of 
                available budget authority specified in law and may 
                include a commitment, contingent on amounts to be 
                specified in law in advance for commitments under this 
                subparagraph, to obligate an additional amount from 
                future available budget authority specified in law.
                    (II) Statement of contingent commitment.--A full 
                funding grant agreement shall state that the contingent 
                commitment is not an obligation of the Federal 
                Government.
                    (III) Interest and other financing costs.--Interest 
                and other financing costs of efficiently carrying out a 
                part of the eligible project within a reasonable time 
                are a cost of carrying out the eligible project under a 
                full funding grant agreement, except that eligible 
                costs may not be more than the cost of the most 
                favorable financing terms reasonably available for the 
                eligible project at the time of borrowing. The 
                applicant shall certify, in a way satisfactory to the 
                Secretary, that the applicant has shown reasonable 
                diligence in seeking the most favorable financing 
                terms.
                    (IV) Completion of operable segment.--The amount 
                stipulated in an agreement under this subparagraph for 
                a new fixed guideway capital project, core capacity 
                improvement project, or small start project shall be 
                sufficient to complete at least an operable segment.

                (v) Exception.--

                    (I) In general.--The Secretary, to the maximum 
                extent practicable, shall provide Federal assistance 
                under this subsection for a small start project in a 
                single grant. If the Secretary cannot provide such a 
                single grant, the Secretary may execute an expedited 
                grant agreement in order to include a commitment on the 
                part of the Secretary to provide funding for the 
                project in future fiscal years.
                    (II) Terms of expedited grant agreements.--In 
                executing an expedited grant agreement under this 
                clause, the Secretary may include in the agreement 
                terms similar to those established under clause (iii).

            (C) Limitation on amounts.--
                (i) In general.--The Secretary may enter into full 
            funding grant agreements under this paragraph for eligible 
            projects that contain contingent commitments to incur 
            obligations in such amounts as the Secretary determines are 
            appropriate.
                (ii) Appropriation required.--An obligation may be made 
            under this paragraph only when amounts are appropriated for 
            obligation.
            (D) Notification to congress.--
                (i) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the date 
            on which the Secretary issues a letter of intent or enters 
            into a full funding grant agreement for an eligible project 
            under this paragraph, the Secretary shall notify, in 
            writing, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
            Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate 
            and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and 
            the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
            Representatives of the proposed letter of intent or full 
            funding grant agreement.
                (ii) Contents.--The written notification under clause 
            (i) shall include a copy of the proposed letter of intent 
            or full funding grant agreement for the eligible project.
        (9) Government share of net capital project cost.--
            (A) In general.--A grant for an eligible project shall not 
        exceed 25 percent of the net capital project cost.
            (B) Remainder of net capital project cost.--The remainder 
        of the net capital project cost shall be provided from an 
        undistributed cash surplus, a replacement or depreciation cash 
        fund or reserve, or new capital.
            (C) Limitation on statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection shall be construed as authorizing the Secretary to 
        require a non-Federal financial commitment for a project that 
        is more than 75 percent of the net capital project cost.
            (D) Special rule for rolling stock costs.--In addition to 
        amounts allowed pursuant to subparagraph (A), a planned 
        extension to a fixed guideway system may include the cost of 
        rolling stock previously purchased if the applicant satisfies 
        the Secretary that only amounts other than amounts provided by 
        the Federal Government were used and that the purchase was made 
        for use on the extension. A refund or reduction of the 
        remainder may be made only if a refund of a proportional amount 
        of the grant of the Federal Government is made at the same 
        time.
            (E) Failure to carry out project.--If an applicant does not 
        carry out an eligible project for reasons within the control of 
        the applicant, the applicant shall repay all Federal funds 
        awarded for the eligible project from all Federal funding 
        sources, for all eligible project activities, facilities, and 
        equipment, plus reasonable interest and penalty charges 
        allowable by law.
            (F) Crediting of funds received.--Any funds received by the 
        Federal Government under this paragraph, other than interest 
        and penalty charges, shall be credited to the appropriation 
        account from which the funds were originally derived.
        (10) Availability of amounts.--
            (A) In general.--An amount made available for an eligible 
        project shall remain available to that eligible project for 4 
        fiscal years, including the fiscal year in which the amount is 
        made available. Any amounts that are unobligated to the 
        eligible project at the end of the 4-fiscal-year period may be 
        used by the Secretary for any purpose under this subsection.
            (B) Use of deobligated amounts.--An amount available under 
        this subsection that is deobligated may be used for any purpose 
        under this subsection.
        (11) Annual report on expedited project delivery for capital 
    investment grants.--Not later than the first Monday in February of 
    each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Banking, 
    Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of 
    the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
    and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives 
    a report that includes a proposed amount to be available to finance 
    grants for anticipated projects under this subsection.
        (12) Before and after study and report.--
            (A) Study required.--Each recipient shall conduct a study 
        that--
                (i) describes and analyzes the impacts of the eligible 
            project on public transportation services and public 
            transportation ridership;
                (ii) describes and analyzes the consistency of 
            predicted and actual benefits and costs of the innovative 
            project development and delivery methods or innovative 
            financing for the eligible project; and
                (iii) identifies reasons for any differences between 
            predicted and actual outcomes for the eligible project.
            (B) Submission of report.--Not later than 2 years after an 
        eligible project that is selected under this subsection begins 
        revenue operations, the recipient shall submit to the Secretary 
        a report on the results of the study conducted under 
        subparagraph (A).
        (13) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
    construed to--
            (A) require the privatization of the operation or 
        maintenance of any project for which an applicant seeks funding 
        under this subsection;
            (B) revise the determinations by local policies, criteria, 
        and decisionmaking under section 5306(a) of title 49, United 
        States Code;
            (C) alter the requirements for locally developed, 
        coordinated, and implemented transportation plans under 
        sections 5303 and 5304 of title 49, United States Code; or
            (D) alter the eligibilities or priorities for assistance 
        under this subsection or section 5309 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
SEC. 3006. ENHANCED MOBILITY OF SENIORS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH 
DISABILITIES.
    (a) In General.--Section 5310 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(1) Recipient.--The term `recipient' means--
            ``(A) a designated recipient or a State that receives a 
        grant under this section directly; or
            ``(B) a State or local governmental entity that operates a 
        public transportation service.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Best Practices.--The Secretary shall collect from, review, 
and disseminate to public transportation agencies--
        ``(1) innovative practices;
        ``(2) program models;
        ``(3) new service delivery options;
        ``(4) findings from activities under subsection (h); and
        ``(5) transit cooperative research program reports.''.
    (b) Pilot Program for Innovative Coordinated Access and Mobility.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
            (A) the term ``eligible project'' has the meaning given the 
        term ``capital project'' in section 5302 of title 49, United 
        States Code; and
            (B) the term ``eligible recipient'' means a recipient or 
        subrecipient, as those terms are defined in section 5310 of 
        title 49, United States Code.
        (2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants under 
    this subsection to eligible recipients to assist in financing 
    innovative projects for the transportation disadvantaged that 
    improve the coordination of transportation services and 
    nonemergency medical transportation services, including--
            (A) the deployment of coordination technology;
            (B) projects that create or increase access to community 
        One-Call/One-Click Centers; and
            (C) such other projects as determined appropriate by the 
        Secretary.
        (3) Application.--An eligible recipient shall submit to the 
    Secretary an application that, at a minimum, contains--
            (A) a detailed description of the eligible project;
            (B) an identification of all eligible project partners and 
        their specific role in the eligible project, including--
                (i) private entities engaged in the coordination of 
            nonemergency medical transportation services for the 
            transportation disadvantaged; or
                (ii) nonprofit entities engaged in the coordination of 
            nonemergency medical transportation services for the 
            transportation disadvantaged;
            (C) a description of how the eligible project would--
                (i) improve local coordination or access to coordinated 
            transportation services;
                (ii) reduce duplication of service, if applicable; and
                (iii) provide innovative solutions in the State or 
            community; and
            (D) specific performance measures the eligible project will 
        use to quantify actual outcomes against expected outcomes.
        (4) Report.--The Secretary shall make publicly available an 
    annual report on the pilot program carried out under this 
    subsection for each fiscal year, not later than December 31 of the 
    calendar year in which that fiscal year ends. The report shall 
    include a detailed description of the activities carried out under 
    the pilot program, and an evaluation of the program, including an 
    evaluation of the performance measures described in paragraph 
    (3)(D).
        (5) Government share of costs.--
            (A) In general.--The Government share of the cost of an 
        eligible project carried out under this subsection shall not 
        exceed 80 percent.
            (B) Non-government share.--The non-Government share of the 
        cost of an eligible project carried out under this subsection 
        may be derived from in-kind contributions.
        (6) Rule of construction.--For purposes of this subsection, 
    nonemergency medical transportation services shall be limited to 
    services eligible under Federal programs other than programs 
    authorized under chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code.
    (c) Coordinated Mobility.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following definitions 
    apply:
            (A) Allocated cost model.--The term ``allocated cost 
        model'' means a method of determining the cost of trips by 
        allocating the cost to each trip purpose served by a 
        transportation provider in a manner that is proportional to the 
        level of transportation service that the transportation 
        provider delivers for each trip purpose, to the extent 
        permitted by applicable Federal laws.
            (B) Council.--The term ``Council'' means the Interagency 
        Transportation Coordinating Council on Access and Mobility 
        established under Executive Order No. 13330 (49 U.S.C. 101 
        note).
        (2) Strategic plan.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Council shall publish a strategic plan 
    for the Council that--
            (A) outlines the role and responsibilities of each Federal 
        agency with respect to local transportation coordination, 
        including nonemergency medical transportation;
            (B) identifies a strategy to strengthen interagency 
        collaboration;
            (C) addresses any outstanding recommendations made by the 
        Council in the 2005 Report to the President relating to the 
        implementation of Executive Order No. 13330, including--
                (i) a cost-sharing policy endorsed by the Council; and
                (ii) recommendations to increase participation by 
            recipients of Federal grants in locally developed, 
            coordinated planning processes;
            (D) to the extent feasible, addresses recommendations by 
        the Comptroller General concerning local coordination of 
        transportation services;
            (E) examines and proposes changes to Federal regulations 
        that will eliminate Federal barriers to local transportation 
        coordination, including non-emergency medical transportation; 
        and
            (F) recommends to Congress changes to Federal laws, 
        including chapter 7 of title 42, United States Code, that will 
        eliminate Federal barriers to local transportation 
        coordination, including nonemergency medical transportation.
        (3) Development of cost-sharing policy in compliance with 
    applicable federal laws.--In establishing the cost-sharing policy 
    required under paragraph (2), the Council may consider, to the 
    extent practicable--
            (A) the development of recommended strategies for grantees 
        of programs funded by members of the Council, including 
        strategies for grantees of programs that fund nonemergency 
        medical transportation, to use the cost-sharing policy in a 
        manner that does not violate applicable Federal laws; and
            (B) incorporation of an allocated cost model to facilitate 
        local coordination efforts that comply with applicable 
        requirements of programs funded by members of the Council, such 
        as--
                (i) eligibility requirements;
                (ii) service delivery requirements; and
                (iii) reimbursement requirements.
        (4) Report.--The Council shall, concurrently with submission to 
    the President of a report containing final recommendations of the 
    Council, transmit such report to the Committee on Transportation 
    and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
    Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate.
SEC. 3007. FORMULA GRANTS FOR RURAL AREAS.
    (a) In General.--Section 5311 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
    and inserting the following:
            ``(A) $5,000,000 for each fiscal year shall be distributed 
        on a competitive basis by the Secretary.
            ``(B) $30,000,000 for each fiscal year shall be apportioned 
        as formula grants, as provided in subsection (j).'';
        (2) in subsection (g)(3)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (C) through (F), respectively;
            (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C) (as so 
        redesignated) the following:
            ``(A) may be provided in cash from non-Government sources;
            ``(B) may be provided from revenues from the sale of 
        advertising and concessions;'';
            (C) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated) by inserting 
        ``, including all operating and capital costs of such service 
        whether or not offset by revenue from such service,'' after 
        ``the costs of a private operator for the unsubsidized segment 
        of intercity bus service''; and
        (3) in subsection (j)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by striking ``(as defined by 
        the Bureau of the Census)'' and inserting ``(American Indian 
        Areas, Alaska Native Areas, and Hawaiian Home Lands, as defined 
        by the Bureau of the Census)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) Allocation between multiple indian tribes.--If more 
        than 1 Indian tribe provides public transportation service on 
        tribal lands in a single Tribal Statistical Area, and the 
        Indian tribes do not determine how to allocate the funds 
        apportioned under clause (iii) of subparagraph (A) between the 
        Indian tribes, the Secretary shall allocate the funds so that 
        each Indian tribe shall receive an amount equal to the total 
        amount apportioned under such clause (iii) multiplied by the 
        ratio of the number of annual unlinked passenger trips provided 
        by each Indian tribe, as reported to the National Transit 
        Database, to the total unlinked passenger trips provided by all 
        Indian tribes in the Tribal Statistical Area.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5311 of such title is further 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and 
    inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and inserting 
        ``5338(a)(2)(F)'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and 
        inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and 
        inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)''.
SEC. 3008. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INNOVATION.
    (a) Consolidation of Programs.--Section 5312 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking the section designation and heading and 
    inserting the following:
``Sec. 5312. Public transportation innovation'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (a) through (f) as subsections 
    (b) through (g), respectively;
        (3) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide assistance for 
projects and activities to advance innovative public transportation 
research and development in accordance with the requirements of this 
section.'';
        (4) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            inserting ``demonstration, deployment, or evaluation'' 
            before ``project that'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
            the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) the deployment of low or no emission vehicles, zero 
        emission vehicles, or associated advanced technology.''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
        ``(5) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not make grants under 
    this subsection for the demonstration, deployment, or evaluation of 
    a vehicle that is in revenue service unless the Secretary 
    determines that the project makes significant technological 
    advancements in the vehicle.
        ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection--
            ``(A) the term `direct carbon emissions' means the quantity 
        of direct greenhouse gas emissions from a vehicle, as 
        determined by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
        Agency;
            ``(B) the term `low or no emission vehicle' means--
                ``(i) a passenger vehicle used to provide public 
            transportation that the Secretary determines sufficiently 
            reduces energy consumption or harmful emissions, including 
            direct carbon emissions, when compared to a comparable 
            standard vehicle; or
                ``(ii) a zero emission vehicle used to provide public 
            transportation; and
            ``(C) the term `zero emission vehicle' means a low or no 
        emission vehicle that produces no carbon or particulate 
        matter.'';
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Low or No Emission Vehicle Component Assessment.--
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
            ``(A) the term `covered institution of higher education' 
        means an institution of higher education with which the 
        Secretary enters into a contract or cooperative agreement, or 
        to which the Secretary makes a grant, under paragraph (2)(B) to 
        operate a facility selected under paragraph (2)(A);
            ``(B) the terms `direct carbon emissions' and `low or no 
        emission vehicle' have the meanings given those terms in 
        subsection (e)(6);
            ``(C) the term `institution of higher education' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 102 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002); and
            ``(D) the term `low or no emission vehicle component' means 
        an item that is separately installed in and removable from a 
        low or no emission vehicle.
        ``(2) Assessing low or no emission vehicle components.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall competitively select 
        at least one facility to conduct testing, evaluation, and 
        analysis of low or no emission vehicle components intended for 
        use in low or no emission vehicles.
            ``(B) Operation and maintenance.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into a 
            contract or cooperative agreement with, or make a grant to, 
            at least one institution of higher education to operate and 
            maintain a facility selected under subparagraph (A).
                ``(ii) Requirements.--An institution of higher 
            education described in clause (i) shall have--

                    ``(I) capacity to carry out transportation-related 
                advanced component and vehicle evaluation;
                    ``(II) laboratories capable of testing and 
                evaluation; and
                    ``(III) direct access to or a partnership with a 
                testing facility capable of emulating real-world 
                circumstances in order to test low or no emission 
                vehicle components installed on the intended vehicle.

            ``(C) Fees.--A covered institution of higher education 
        shall establish and collect fees, which shall be approved by 
        the Secretary, for the assessment of low or no emission vehicle 
        components at the applicable facility selected under 
        subparagraph (A).
            ``(D) Availability of amounts to pay for assessment.--The 
        Secretary shall enter into a contract or cooperative agreement 
        with, or make a grant to an institution of higher education 
        under which--
                ``(i) the Secretary shall pay 50 percent of the cost of 
            assessing a low or no emission vehicle component at the 
            applicable facility selected under subparagraph (A) from 
            amounts made available to carry out this section; and
                ``(ii) the remaining 50 percent of such cost shall be 
            paid from amounts recovered through the fees established 
            and collected pursuant to subparagraph (C).
            ``(E) Voluntary testing.--A manufacturer of a low or no 
        emission vehicle component is not required to assess the low or 
        no emission vehicle component at a facility selected under 
        subparagraph (A).
            ``(F) Compliance with section 5318.--Notwithstanding 
        whether a low or no emission vehicle component is assessed at a 
        facility selected under subparagraph (A), each new bus model 
        shall comply with the requirements under section 5318.
            ``(G) Separate facility.--A facility selected under 
        subparagraph (A) shall be separate and distinct from the 
        facility operated and maintained under section 5318.
        ``(3) Low or no emission vehicle component performance 
    reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the 
    Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015, and annually thereafter, 
    the Secretary shall issue a report on low or no emission vehicle 
    component assessments conducted at each facility selected under 
    paragraph (2)(A), which shall include information related to the 
    maintainability, reliability, performance, structural integrity, 
    efficiency, and noise of those low or no emission vehicle 
    components.
        ``(4) Public availability of assessments.--Each assessment 
    conducted at a facility selected under paragraph (2)(A) shall be 
    made publicly available, including to affected industries.
        ``(5) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
    be construed to require--
            ``(A) a low or no emission vehicle component to be tested 
        at a facility selected under paragraph (2)(A); or
            ``(B) the development or disclosure of a privately funded 
        component assessment.''.
        (6) in subsection (f) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) by striking ``(f)'' and all that follows before 
        paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Annual Report on Research.--Not later than the first Monday 
in February of each year, the Secretary shall make available to the 
public on the Web site of the Department of Transportation, a report 
that includes--''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1) by adding ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in paragraph (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        period; and
            (D) by striking paragraph (3); and
        (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Transit Cooperative Research Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The amounts made available under section 
    5338(a)(2)(G)(ii) are available for a public transportation 
    cooperative research program.
        ``(2) Independent governing board.--
            ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        independent governing board for the program under this 
        subsection.
            ``(B) Recommendations.--The board shall recommend public 
        transportation research, development, and technology transfer 
        activities the Secretary considers appropriate.
        ``(3) Federal assistance.--The Secretary may make grants to, 
    and enter into cooperative agreements with, the National Academy of 
    Sciences to carry out activities under this subsection that the 
    Secretary considers appropriate.
        ``(4) Government share of costs.--If there would be a clear and 
    direct financial benefit to an entity under a grant or contract 
    financed under this subsection, the Secretary shall establish a 
    Government share consistent with that benefit.
        ``(5) Limitation on applicability.--Subsections (f) and (g) 
    shall not apply to activities carried out under this subsection.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5312 of such title (as amended 
by subsection (a) of this section) is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' and 
    inserting ``subsection (b)(2)'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (c)'';
        (3) in subsection (e)(2) in each of subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
    by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection 
    (b)(2)''; and
        (4) in subsection (f)(2) by striking ``subsection (d)(4)'' and 
    inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of such title 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 5312 and inserting 
the following:

``5312. Public transportation innovation.''.
SEC. 3009. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) In General.--Section 5314 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 5314. Technical assistance and workforce development
    ``(a) Technical Assistance and Standards.--
        ``(1) Technical assistance and standards development.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make grants and enter 
        into contracts, cooperative agreements, and other agreements 
        (including agreements with departments, agencies, and 
        instrumentalities of the Government) to carry out activities 
        that the Secretary determines will assist recipients of 
        assistance under this chapter to--
                ``(i) more effectively and efficiently provide public 
            transportation service;
                ``(ii) administer funds received under this chapter in 
            compliance with Federal law; and
                ``(iii) improve public transportation.
            ``(B) Eligible activities.--The activities carried out 
        under subparagraph (A) may include--
                ``(i) technical assistance; and
                ``(ii) the development of voluntary and consensus-based 
            standards and best practices by the public transportation 
            industry, including standards and best practices for 
            safety, fare collection, intelligent transportation 
            systems, accessibility, procurement, security, asset 
            management to maintain a state of good repair, operations, 
            maintenance, vehicle propulsion, communications, and 
            vehicle electronics.
        ``(2) Technical assistance.--The Secretary, through a 
    competitive bid process, may enter into contracts, cooperative 
    agreements, and other agreements with national nonprofit 
    organizations that have the appropriate demonstrated capacity to 
    provide public-transportation-related technical assistance under 
    this subsection. The Secretary may enter into such contracts, 
    cooperative agreements, and other agreements to assist providers of 
    public transportation to--
            ``(A) comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 
        1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) through technical assistance, 
        demonstration programs, research, public education, and other 
        activities related to complying with such Act;
            ``(B) comply with human services transportation 
        coordination requirements and to enhance the coordination of 
        Federal resources for human services transportation with those 
        of the Department of Transportation through technical 
        assistance, training, and support services related to complying 
        with such requirements;
            ``(C) meet the transportation needs of elderly individuals;
            ``(D) increase transit ridership in coordination with 
        metropolitan planning organizations and other entities through 
        development around public transportation stations through 
        technical assistance and the development of tools, guidance, 
        and analysis related to market-based development around transit 
        stations;
            ``(E) address transportation equity with regard to the 
        effect that transportation planning, investment, and operations 
        have for low-income and minority individuals;
            ``(F) facilitate best practices to promote bus driver 
        safety;
            ``(G) meet the requirements of sections 5323(j) and 
        5323(m);
            ``(H) assist with the development and deployment of low or 
        no emission vehicles (as defined in section 5339(c)(1)) or low 
        or no emission vehicle components (as defined in section 
        5312(h)(1)); and
            ``(I) any other technical assistance activity that the 
        Secretary determines is necessary to advance the interests of 
        public transportation.
        ``(3) Annual report on technical assistance.--Not later than 
    the first Monday in February of each year, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and 
    the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure, the Committee on Science, Space, 
    and Technology, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
    Representatives a report that includes--
            ``(A) a description of each project that received 
        assistance under this subsection during the preceding fiscal 
        year;
            ``(B) an evaluation of the activities carried out by each 
        organization that received assistance under this subsection 
        during the preceding fiscal year;
            ``(C) a proposal for allocations of amounts for assistance 
        under this subsection for the subsequent fiscal year; and
            ``(D) measurable outcomes and impacts of the programs 
        funded under subsections (b) and (c).
        ``(4) Government share of costs.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Government share of the cost of an 
        activity carried out using a grant under this subsection may 
        not exceed 80 percent.
            ``(B) Non-government share.--The non-Government share of 
        the cost of an activity carried out using a grant under this 
        subsection may be derived from in-kind contributions.
    ``(b) Human Resources and Training.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may undertake, or make grants 
    and contracts for, programs that address human resource needs as 
    they apply to public transportation activities. A program may 
    include--
            ``(A) an employment training program;
            ``(B) an outreach program to increase employment for 
        veterans, females, individuals with a disability, minorities 
        (including American Indians or Alaska Natives, Asian, Black or 
        African Americans, native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders, 
        and Hispanics) in public transportation activities;
            ``(C) research on public transportation personnel and 
        training needs;
            ``(D) training and assistance for veteran and minority 
        business opportunities; and
            ``(E) consensus-based national training standards and 
        certifications in partnership with industry stakeholders.
        ``(2) Innovative public transportation frontline workforce 
    development program.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        competitive grant program to assist the development of 
        innovative activities eligible for assistance under paragraph 
        (1).
            ``(B) Eligible programs.--A program eligible for assistance 
        under paragraph (1) shall--
                ``(i) develop apprenticeships, on-the-job training, and 
            instructional training for public transportation 
            maintenance and operations occupations;
                ``(ii) build local, regional, and statewide public 
            transportation training partnerships with local public 
            transportation operators, labor union organizations, 
            workforce development boards, and State workforce agencies 
            to identify and address workforce skill gaps;
                ``(iii) improve safety, security, and emergency 
            preparedness in local public transportation systems through 
            improved safety culture and workforce communication with 
            first responders and the riding public; and
                ``(iv) address current or projected workforce shortages 
            by developing partnerships with high schools, community 
            colleges, and other community organizations.
            ``(C) Selection of recipients.--To the maximum extent 
        feasible, the Secretary shall select recipients that--
                ``(i) are geographically diverse;
                ``(ii) address the workforce and human resources needs 
            of large public transportation providers;
                ``(iii) address the workforce and human resources needs 
            of small public transportation providers;
                ``(iv) address the workforce and human resources needs 
            of urban public transportation providers;
                ``(v) address the workforce and human resources needs 
            of rural public transportation providers;
                ``(vi) advance training related to maintenance of low 
            or no emission vehicles and facilities used in public 
            transportation;
                ``(vii) target areas with high rates of unemployment;
                ``(viii) advance opportunities for minorities, women, 
            veterans, individuals with disabilities, low-income 
            populations, and other underserved populations; and
                ``(ix) address in-demand industry sector or occupation, 
            as such term is defined in section 3 of the Workforce 
            Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).
            ``(D) Program outcomes.--A recipient of assistance under 
        this subsection shall demonstrate outcomes for any program that 
        includes skills training, on-the-job training, and work-based 
        learning, including--
                ``(i) the impact on reducing public transportation 
            workforce shortages in the area served;
                ``(ii) the diversity of training participants;
                ``(iii) the number of participants obtaining 
            certifications or credentials required for specific types 
            of employment;
                ``(iv) employment outcomes, including job placement, 
            job retention, and wages, using performance metrics 
            established in consultation with the Secretary and the 
            Secretary of Labor and consistent with metrics used by 
            programs under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act 
            (29 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.); and
                ``(v) to the extent practical, evidence that the 
            program did not preclude workers who are participating in 
            skills training, on-the-job training, and work-based 
            learning from being referred to, or hired on, projects 
            funded under this chapter without regard to the length of 
            time of their participation in the program.
            ``(E) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall make 
        publicly available a report on the Frontline Workforce 
        Development Program for each fiscal year, not later than 
        December 31 of the calendar year in which that fiscal year 
        ends. The report shall include a detailed description of 
        activities carried out under this paragraph, an evaluation of 
        the program, and policy recommendations to improve program 
        effectiveness.
        ``(3) Government's share of costs.--The Government share of the 
    cost of a project carried out using a grant under paragraph (1) or 
    (2) shall be 50 percent.
        ``(4) Availability of amounts.--Not more than 0.5 percent of 
    amounts made available to a recipient under sections 5307, 5337, 
    and 5339 is available for expenditures by the recipient, with the 
    approval of the Secretary, to pay not more than 80 percent of the 
    cost of eligible activities under this subsection.
    ``(c) National Transit Institute.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a national 
    transit institute and award grants to a public 4-year degree-
    granting institution of higher education, as defined in section 
    101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)), in 
    order to carry out the duties of the institute.
        ``(2) Duties.--
            ``(A) In general.--In cooperation with the Federal Transit 
        Administration, State transportation departments, public 
        transportation authorities, and national and international 
        entities, the institute established under paragraph (1) shall 
        develop and conduct training and educational programs for 
        Federal, State, and local transportation employees, United 
        States citizens, and foreign nationals engaged or to be engaged 
        in Government-aid public transportation work.
            ``(B) Training and educational programs.--The training and 
        educational programs developed under subparagraph (A) may 
        include courses in recent developments, techniques, and 
        procedures related to--
                ``(i) intermodal and public transportation planning;
                ``(ii) management;
                ``(iii) environmental factors;
                ``(iv) acquisition and joint use rights-of-way;
                ``(v) engineering and architectural design;
                ``(vi) procurement strategies for public transportation 
            systems;
                ``(vii) turnkey approaches to delivering public 
            transportation systems;
                ``(viii) new technologies;
                ``(ix) emission reduction technologies;
                ``(x) ways to make public transportation accessible to 
            individuals with disabilities;
                ``(xi) construction, construction management, 
            insurance, and risk management;
                ``(xii) maintenance;
                ``(xiii) contract administration;
                ``(xiv) inspection;
                ``(xv) innovative finance;
                ``(xvi) workplace safety; and
                ``(xvii) public transportation security.
        ``(3) Provision for education and training.--Education and 
    training of Government, State, and local transportation employees 
    under this subsection shall be provided--
            ``(A) by the Secretary at no cost to the States and local 
        governments for subjects that are a Government program 
        responsibility; or
            ``(B) when the education and training are paid under 
        paragraph (4), by the State, with the approval of the 
        Secretary, through grants and contracts with public and private 
        agencies, other institutions, individuals, and the institute.
        ``(4) Availability of amounts.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not more than 0.5 percent of amounts 
        made available to a recipient under sections 5307, 5337, and 
        5339 is available for expenditures by the recipient, with the 
        approval of the Secretary, to pay not more than 80 percent of 
        the cost of eligible activities under this subsection.
            ``(B) Existing programs.--A recipient may use amounts made 
        available under subparagraph (A) to carry out existing local 
        education and training programs for public transportation 
        employees supported by the Secretary, the Department of Labor, 
        or the Department of Education.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of such title 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 5314 and inserting 
the following:

``5314. Technical assistance and workforce development.''.
SEC. 3010. PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION.
    (a) In General.--Section 5315 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to alter--
        ``(1) the eligibilities, requirements, or priorities for 
    assistance provided under this chapter; or
        ``(2) the requirements of section 5306(a).''.
    (b) MAP-21 Technical Correction.--Section 20013(d) of MAP-21 
(Public Law 112-141; 126 Stat. 694) is amended by striking ``5307(c)'' 
and inserting ``5307(b)''.
SEC. 3011. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
    Section 5323 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (h)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) pay incremental costs of incorporating art or non-
    functional landscaping into facilities, including the costs of an 
    artist on the design team; or'';
        (2) in subsection (j)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(C) when procuring rolling stock (including train 
        control, communication, traction power equipment, and rolling 
        stock prototypes) under this chapter--
                ``(i) the cost of components and subcomponents produced 
            in the United States--

                    ``(I) for fiscal years 2016 and 2017, is more than 
                60 percent of the cost of all components of the rolling 
                stock;
                    ``(II) for fiscal years 2018 and 2019, is more than 
                65 percent of the cost of all components of the rolling 
                stock; and
                    ``(III) for fiscal year 2020 and each fiscal year 
                thereafter, is more than 70 percent of the cost of all 
                components of the rolling stock; and

                ``(ii) final assembly of the rolling stock has occurred 
            in the United States; or'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (9) as 
        paragraphs (7) through (11), respectively;
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
        ``(5) Rolling stock frames or car shells.--In carrying out 
    paragraph (2)(C) in the case of a rolling stock procurement 
    receiving assistance under this chapter in which the average cost 
    of a rolling stock vehicle in the procurement is more than 
    $300,000, if rolling stock frames or car shells are not produced in 
    the United States, the Secretary shall include in the calculation 
    of the domestic content of the rolling stock the cost of steel or 
    iron that is produced in the United States and used in the rolling 
    stock frames or car shells.
        ``(6) Certification of domestic supply and disclosure.--
            ``(A) Certification of domestic supply.--If the Secretary 
        denies an application for a waiver under paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary shall provide to the applicant a written 
        certification that--
                ``(i) the steel, iron, or manufactured goods, as 
            applicable, (referred to in this subparagraph as the 
            `item') is produced in the United States in a sufficient 
            and reasonably available amount;
                ``(ii) the item produced in the United States is of a 
            satisfactory quality; and
                ``(iii) includes a list of known manufacturers in the 
            United States from which the item can be obtained.
            ``(B) Disclosure.--The Secretary shall disclose the waiver 
        denial and the written certification to the public in an easily 
        identifiable location on the website of the Department of 
        Transportation.'';
            (D) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``Federal Public Transportation Act of 2012'' and inserting 
        ``Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015''; and
            (E) by inserting after paragraph (11), as so redesignated, 
        the following:
        ``(12) Steel and iron.--For purposes of this subsection, steel 
    and iron meeting the requirements of section 661.5(b) of title 49, 
    Code of Federal Regulations may be considered produced in the 
    United States.
        ``(13) Definition of small purchase.--For purposes of 
    determining whether a purchase qualifies for a general public 
    interest waiver under paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection, 
    including under any regulation promulgated under that paragraph, 
    the term `small purchase' means a purchase of not more than 
    $150,000.'';
        (3) in subsection (q)(1), by striking the second sentence; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(s) Value Capture Revenue Eligible for Local Share.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a recipient of assistance 
under this chapter may use the revenue generated from value capture 
financing mechanisms as local matching funds for capital projects and 
operating costs eligible under this chapter.
    ``(t) Special Condition on Charter Bus Transportation Service.--If, 
in a fiscal year, the Secretary is prohibited by law from enforcing 
regulations related to charter bus service under part 604 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, for any transit agency that during fiscal 
year 2008 was both initially granted a 60-day period to come into 
compliance with such part 604, and then was subsequently granted an 
exception from such part--
        ``(1) the transit agency shall be precluded from receiving its 
    allocation of urbanized area formula grant funds for such fiscal 
    year; and
        ``(2) any amounts withheld pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
    added to the amount that the Secretary may apportion under section 
    5336 in the following fiscal year.''.
SEC. 3012. PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT.
    Section 5327 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c) by striking ``section 5338(i)'' and 
    inserting section ``5338(f)'' ; and
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``section 5338(i)'' and inserting 
            section 5338(f); and
                (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) a requirement that oversight--
            ``(A) begin during the project development phase of a 
        project, unless the Secretary finds it more appropriate to 
        begin the oversight during another phase of the project, to 
        maximize the transportation benefits and cost savings 
        associated with project management oversight; and
            ``(B) be limited to quarterly reviews of compliance by the 
        recipient with the project management plan approved under 
        subsection (b) unless the Secretary finds that the recipient 
        requires more frequent oversight because the recipient has 
        failed to meet the requirements of such plan and the project 
        may be at risk of going over budget or becoming behind 
        schedule; and
        ``(3) a process for recipients that the Secretary has found 
    require more frequent oversight to return to quarterly reviews for 
    purposes of paragraph (2)(B).''.
SEC. 3013. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY PROGRAM.
    Section 5329 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (E); 
        and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
            ``(D) minimum safety standards to ensure the safe operation 
        of public transportation systems that--
                ``(i) are not related to performance standards for 
            public transportation vehicles developed under subparagraph 
            (C); and
                ``(ii) to the extent practicable, take into 
            consideration--

                    ``(I) relevant recommendations of the National 
                Transportation Safety Board;
                    ``(II) best practices standards developed by the 
                public transportation industry;
                    ``(III) any minimum safety standards or performance 
                criteria being implemented across the public 
                transportation industry;
                    ``(IV) relevant recommendations from the report 
                under section 3020 of the Federal Public Transportation 
                Act of 2015; and
                    ``(V) any additional information that the Secretary 
                determines necessary and appropriate; and'';

        (2) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (8) and (9) as paragraphs 
        (9) and (10), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
        ``(8) Federal safety management.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary determines that a State 
        safety oversight program is not being carried out in accordance 
        with this section, has become inadequate to ensure the 
        enforcement of Federal safety regulation, or is incapable of 
        providing adequate safety oversight consistent with the 
        prevention of substantial risk of death, or personal injury, 
        the Secretary shall administer the State safety oversight 
        program until the eligible State develops a State safety 
        oversight program certified by the Secretary in accordance with 
        this subsection.
            ``(B) Temporary federal oversight.--In making a 
        determination under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall--
                ``(i) transmit to the eligible State and affected 
            recipient or recipients, a written explanation of the 
            determination or subsequent finding, including any 
            intention to withhold funding under this section, the 
            amount of funds proposed to be withheld, and if applicable, 
            a formal notice of a withdrawal of State safety oversight 
            program approval; and
                ``(ii) require the State to submit a State safety 
            oversight program or modification for certification by the 
            Secretary that meets the requirements of this subsection.
            ``(C) Failure to correct.--If the Secretary determines in 
        accordance with subparagraph (A), that a State safety oversight 
        program or modification required pursuant to subparagraph 
        (B)(ii), submitted by a State is not sufficient, the Secretary 
        may--
                ``(i) withhold funds available under paragraph (6) in 
            an amount determined by the Secretary;
                ``(ii) beginning 1 year after the date of the 
            determination, withhold not more than 5 percent of the 
            amount required to be appropriated for use in a State or an 
            urbanized area in the State under section 5307, until the 
            State safety oversight program or modification has been 
            certified; and
                ``(iii) use any other authorities authorized under this 
            chapter considered necessary and appropriate.
            ``(D) Administrative and oversight activities.--To carry 
        out administrative and oversight activities authorized by this 
        paragraph, the Secretary may use grant funds apportioned to an 
        eligible State, under paragraph (6), to develop or carry out a 
        State safety oversight program.'';
        (3) in subsection (f)(2), by inserting ``or the public 
    transportation industry generally'' after ``recipients'';
        (4) in subsection (g)(1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking 
        ``an eligible State, as defined in subsection (e),'' and 
        inserting ``a recipient'';
            (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) withholding not more than 25 percent of financial 
        assistance under section 5307.'';
        (5) in subsection (g)(2)(A)--
            (A) by inserting after ``funds'' the following: ``or 
        withhold funds''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or (1)(E)'' after ``paragraph (1)(D)''; 
        and
        (6) by striking subsection (h) and inserting the following:
    ``(h) Restrictions and Prohibitions.--
        ``(1) Restrictions and prohibitions.--The Secretary shall issue 
    restrictions and prohibitions by whatever means are determined 
    necessary and appropriate, without regard to section 5334(c), if, 
    through testing, inspection, investigation, audit, or research 
    carried out under this chapter, the Secretary determines that an 
    unsafe condition or practice, or a combination of unsafe conditions 
    and practices, exist such that there is a substantial risk of death 
    or personal injury.
        ``(2) Notice.--The notice of restriction or prohibition shall 
    describe the condition or practice, the subsequent risk and the 
    standards and procedures required to address the restriction or 
    prohibition.
        ``(3) Continued authority.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
    construed as limiting the Secretary's authority to maintain a 
    restriction or prohibition for as long as is necessary to ensure 
    that the risk has been substantially addressed.''.
SEC. 3014. APPORTIONMENTS.
    Section 5336 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
    striking ``subsection (h)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection (h)(5)'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2)(E) by striking ``22.27 percent'' and 
    inserting ``27 percent''; and
        (3) in subsection (h)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) $30,000,000 shall be set aside each fiscal year to carry 
    out section 5307(h);''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
        ``(3) of amounts not apportioned under paragraphs (1) and (2)--
            ``(A) for fiscal years 2016 through 2018, 1.5 percent shall 
        be apportioned to urbanized areas with populations of less than 
        200,000 in accordance with subsection (i); and
            ``(B) for fiscal years 2019 and 2020, 2 percent shall be 
        apportioned to urbanized areas with populations of less than 
        200,000 in accordance with subsection (i);''.
SEC. 3015. STATE OF GOOD REPAIR GRANTS.
    (a) In General.--Section 5337 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(2)(B), by inserting ``the provisions of'' 
    before ``section 5336(b)(1)'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``vehicle'' after 
        ``motorbus''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Use of funds.--Amounts apportioned under this subsection 
    may be used for any project that is an eligible project under 
    subsection (b)(1).''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Government Share of Costs.--
        ``(1) Capital projects.--A grant for a capital project under 
    this section shall be for 80 percent of the net project cost of the 
    project. The recipient may provide additional local matching 
    amounts.
        ``(2) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net project cost 
    shall be provided--
            ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources;
            ``(B) from revenues derived from the sale of advertising 
        and concessions; or
            ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a replacement or 
        depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new capital.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5337 of such title is further 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(I)'' and 
    inserting ``5338(a)(2)(K)''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)(2) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(I)'' and 
    inserting ``5338(a)(2)(K)''.
SEC. 3016. AUTHORIZATIONS.
    Section 5338 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``SEC. 5338. AUTHORIZATIONS.
    ``(a) Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--There shall be available from the Mass 
    Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out sections 
    5305, 5307, 5310, 5311, 5312, 5314, 5318, 5335, 5337, 5339, and 
    5340, section 20005(b) of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 
    2012, and sections 3006(b) of the Federal Public Transportation Act 
    of 2015--
            ``(A) $9,347,604,639 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(B) $9,534,706,043 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(C) $9,733,353,407 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(D) $9,939,380,030 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(E) $10,150,348,462 for fiscal year 2020.
        ``(2) Allocation of funds.--Of the amounts made available under 
    paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) $130,732,000 for fiscal year 2016, $133,398,933 for 
        fiscal year 2017, $136,200,310 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $139,087,757 for fiscal year 2019, and $142,036,417 for fiscal 
        year 2020, shall be available to carry out section 5305;
            ``(B) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020 shall be available to carry out section 20005(b) of the 
        Federal Public Transportation Act of 2012;
            ``(C) $4,538,905,700 for fiscal year 2016, $4,629,683,814 
        for fiscal year 2017, $4,726,907,174 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $4,827,117,606 for fiscal year 2019, and $4,929,452,499 for 
        fiscal year 2020 shall be allocated in accordance with section 
        5336 to provide financial assistance for urbanized areas under 
        section 5307;
            ``(D) $262,949,400 for fiscal year 2016, $268,208,388 for 
        fiscal year 2017, $273,840,764 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $279,646,188 for fiscal year 2019, and $285,574,688 for fiscal 
        year 2020 shall be available to provide financial assistance 
        for services for the enhanced mobility of seniors and 
        individuals with disabilities under section 5310;
            ``(E) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, $3,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2017, $3,250,000 for fiscal year 2018, $3,500,000 
        for fiscal year 2019 and $3,500,000 for fiscal year 2020 shall 
        be available for the pilot program for innovative coordinated 
        access and mobility under section 3006(b) of the Federal Public 
        Transportation Act of 2015;
            ``(F) $619,956,000 for fiscal year 2016, $632,355,120 for 
        fiscal year 2017, $645,634,578 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $659,322,031 for fiscal year 2019, and $673,299,658 for fiscal 
        year 2020 shall be available to provide financial assistance 
        for rural areas under section 5311, of which not less than--
                ``(i) $35,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
            2020 shall be available to carry out section 5311(c)(1); 
            and
                ``(ii) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
            through 2020 shall be available to carry out section 
            5311(c)(2);
            ``(G) $28,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020 shall be available to carry out section 5312, of which--
                ``(i) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
            2020 shall be available to carry out section 5312(h); and
                ``(ii) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
            2020 shall be available to carry out section 5312(i);
            ``(H) $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 
        shall be available to carry out section 5314; of which 
        $5,000,000 shall be available for the national transit 
        institute under section 5314(c);
            ``(I) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 
        shall be available for bus testing under section 5318;
            ``(J) $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 
        shall be available to carry out section 5335;
            ``(K) $2,507,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, $2,549,670,000 
        for fiscal year 2017, $2,593,703,558 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $2,638,366,859 for fiscal year 2019, and $2,683,798,369 for 
        fiscal year 2020 shall be available to carry out section 5337;
            ``(L) $427,800,000 for fiscal year 2016, $436,356,000 for 
        fiscal year 2017, $445,519,476 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $454,964,489 for fiscal year 2019, and $464,609,736 for fiscal 
        year 2020 shall be available for the bus and buses facilities 
        program under section 5339(a);
            ``(M) $268,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, $283,600,000 for 
        fiscal year 2017, $301,514,000 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $322,059,980 for fiscal year 2019, and $344,044,179 for fiscal 
        year 2020 shall be available for buses and bus facilities 
        competitive grants under section 5339(b) and no or low emission 
        grants under section 5339(c), of which $55,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out 
        section 5339(c); and
            ``(N) $536,261,539 for fiscal year 2016, $544,433,788 for 
        fiscal year 2017, $552,783,547 for fiscal year 2018, 
        $561,315,120 for fiscal year 2019 and $570,032,917 for fiscal 
        year 2020, to carry out section 5340 to provide financial 
        assistance for urbanized areas under section 5307 and rural 
        areas under section 5311, of which--
                ``(i) $272,297,083 for fiscal year 2016, $279,129,510 
            for fiscal year 2017, $286,132,747 for fiscal year 2018, 
            $293,311,066 for fiscal year 2019, $300,668,843 for fiscal 
            year 2020 shall be for growing States under section 
            5340(c); and
                ``(ii) $263,964,457 for fiscal year 2016, $265,304,279 
            for fiscal year 2017, $266,650,800 for fiscal year 2018, 
            $268,004,054 for fiscal year 2019, $269,364,074 for fiscal 
            year 2020 shall be for high density States under section 
            5340(d).
    ``(b) Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment 
Program.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 
5312, other than subsections (h) and (i) of that section, $20,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(c) Technical Assistance and Training.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out section 5314, $5,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(d) Capital Investment Grants.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out section 5309 of this title and section 
3005(b) of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015, 
$2,301,785,760 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(e) Administration.--
        ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
    carry out section 5334, $115,016,543 for each of fiscal years 2016 
    through 2020.
        ``(2) Section 5329.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
    appropriated under paragraph (1), not less than $5,000,000 for each 
    of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out 
    section 5329.
        ``(3) Section 5326.--Of the amounts made available under 
    paragraph (2), not less than $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
    2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out section 5326.
    ``(f) Oversight.--
        ``(1) In general.--Of the amounts made available to carry out 
    this chapter for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use not more than 
    the following amounts for the activities described in paragraph 
    (2):
            ``(A) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 5305.
            ``(B) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 5307.
            ``(C) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 5309.
            ``(D) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 601 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement 
        Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-432; 126 Stat. 4968).
            ``(E) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 5310.
            ``(F) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 5311.
            ``(G) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 5337, of which not less than 0.25 percent of amounts 
        made available for this subparagraph shall be available to 
        carry out section 5329.
            ``(H) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to carry out 
        section 5339.
        ``(2) Activities.--The activities described in this paragraph 
    are as follows:
            ``(A) Activities to oversee the construction of a major 
        capital project.
            ``(B) Activities to review and audit the safety and 
        security, procurement, management, and financial compliance of 
        a recipient or subrecipient of funds under this chapter.
            ``(C) Activities to provide technical assistance generally, 
        and to provide technical assistance to correct deficiencies 
        identified in compliance reviews and audits carried out under 
        this section.
        ``(3) Government share of costs.--The Government shall pay the 
    entire cost of carrying out a contract under this subsection.
        ``(4) Availability of certain funds.--Funds made available 
    under paragraph (1)(C) shall be made available to the Secretary 
    before allocating the funds appropriated to carry out any project 
    under a full funding grant agreement.
    ``(g) Grants as Contractual Obligations.--
        ``(1) Grants financed from highway trust fund.--A grant or 
    contract that is approved by the Secretary and financed with 
    amounts made available from the Mass Transit Account of the Highway 
    Trust Fund pursuant to this section is a contractual obligation of 
    the Government to pay the Government share of the cost of the 
    project.
        ``(2) Grants financed from general fund.--A grant or contract 
    that is approved by the Secretary and financed with amounts 
    appropriated in advance from the General Fund of the Treasury 
    pursuant to this section is a contractual obligation of the 
    Government to pay the Government share of the cost of the project 
    only to the extent that amounts are appropriated for such purpose 
    by an Act of Congress.
    ``(h) Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made available by or 
appropriated under this section shall remain available until 
expended.''.
SEC. 3017. GRANTS FOR BUSES AND BUS FACILITIES.
    (a) In General.--Section 5339 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 5339. Grants for buses and bus facilities
    ``(a) Formula Grants.--
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
            ``(A) the term `low or no emission vehicle' has the meaning 
        given that term in subsection (c)(1);
            ``(B) the term `State' means a State of the United States; 
        and
            ``(C) the term `territory' means the District of Columbia, 
        Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, American 
        Samoa, and the United States Virgin Islands.
        ``(2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants under 
    this subsection to assist eligible recipients described in 
    paragraph (4)(A) in financing capital projects--
            ``(A) to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses and 
        related equipment, including technological changes or 
        innovations to modify low or no emission vehicles or 
        facilities; and
            ``(B) to construct bus-related facilities.
        ``(3) Grant requirements.--The requirements of--
            ``(A) section 5307 shall apply to recipients of grants made 
        in urbanized areas under this subsection; and
            ``(B) section 5311 shall apply to recipients of grants made 
        in rural areas under this subsection.
        ``(4) Eligible recipients.--
            ``(A) Recipients.--Eligible recipients under this 
        subsection are--
                ``(i) designated recipients that allocate funds to 
            fixed route bus operators; or
                ``(ii) State or local governmental entities that 
            operate fixed route bus service.
            ``(B) Subrecipients.--A recipient that receives a grant 
        under this subsection may allocate amounts of the grant to 
        subrecipients that are public agencies or private nonprofit 
        organizations engaged in public transportation.
        ``(5) Distribution of grant funds.--Funds allocated under 
    section 5338(a)(2)(L) shall be distributed as follows:
            ``(A) National distribution.--$90,500,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be allocated to all States 
        and territories, with each State receiving $1,750,000 for each 
        such fiscal year and each territory receiving $500,000 for each 
        such fiscal year.
            ``(B) Distribution using population and service factors.--
        The remainder of the funds not otherwise distributed under 
        subparagraph (A) shall be allocated pursuant to the formula set 
        forth in section 5336 other than subsection (b).
        ``(6) Transfers of apportionments.--
            ``(A) Transfer flexibility for national distribution 
        funds.--The Governor of a State may transfer any part of the 
        State's apportionment under paragraph (5)(A) to supplement 
        amounts apportioned to the State under section 5311(c) or 
        amounts apportioned to urbanized areas under subsections (a) 
        and (c) of section 5336.
            ``(B) Transfer flexibility for population and service 
        factors funds.--The Governor of a State may expend in an 
        urbanized area with a population of less than 200,000 any 
        amounts apportioned under paragraph (5)(B) that are not 
        allocated to designated recipients in urbanized areas with a 
        population of 200,000 or more.
        ``(7) Government share of costs.--
            ``(A) Capital projects.--A grant for a capital project 
        under this subsection shall be for 80 percent of the net 
        capital costs of the project. A recipient of a grant under this 
        subsection may provide additional local matching amounts.
            ``(B) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net project 
        cost shall be provided--
                ``(i) in cash from non-Government sources other than 
            revenues from providing public transportation services;
                ``(ii) from revenues derived from the sale of 
            advertising and concessions;
                ``(iii) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
            replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new 
            capital;
                ``(iv) from amounts received under a service agreement 
            with a State or local social service agency or private 
            social service organization; or
                ``(v) from revenues generated from value capture 
            financing mechanisms.
        ``(8) Period of availability to recipients.--Amounts made 
    available under this subsection may be obligated by a recipient for 
    3 fiscal years after the fiscal year in which the amount is 
    apportioned. Not later than 30 days after the end of the 3-fiscal-
    year period described in the preceding sentence, any amount that is 
    not obligated on the last day of such period shall be added to the 
    amount that may be apportioned under this subsection in the next 
    fiscal year.
        ``(9) Pilot program for cost-effective capital investment.--
            ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020, the Secretary shall carry out a pilot program under which 
        an eligible recipient (as described in paragraph (4)) in an 
        urbanized area with population of not less than 200,000 and not 
        more than 999,999 may elect to participate in a State pool in 
        accordance with this paragraph.
            ``(B) Purpose of state pools.--The purpose of a State pool 
        shall be to allow for transfers of formula grant funds made 
        available under this subsection among the designated recipients 
        participating in the State pool in a manner that supports the 
        transit asset management plans of the designated recipients 
        under section 5326.
            ``(C) Requests for participation.--A State, and eligible 
        recipients in the State described in subparagraph (A), may 
        submit to the Secretary a request for participation in the 
        program under procedures to be established by the Secretary. An 
        eligible recipient for a multistate area may participate in 
        only 1 State pool.
            ``(D) Allocations to participating states.--For each fiscal 
        year, the Secretary shall allocate to each State participating 
        in the program the total amount of funds that otherwise would 
        be allocated to the urbanized areas of the eligible recipients 
        participating in the State's pool for that fiscal year pursuant 
        to the formulas referred to in paragraph (5).
            ``(E) Allocations to eligible recipients in state pools.--A 
        State shall distribute the amount that is allocated to the 
        State for a fiscal year under subparagraph (D) among the 
        eligible recipients participating in the State's pool in a 
        manner that supports the transit asset management plans of the 
        recipients under section 5326.
            ``(F) Allocation plans.--A State participating in the 
        program shall develop an allocation plan for the period of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2020 to ensure that an eligible 
        recipient participating in the State's pool receives under the 
        program an amount of funds that equals the amount of funds that 
        would have otherwise been available to the eligible recipient 
        for that period pursuant to the formulas referred to in 
        paragraph (5).
            ``(G) Grants.--The Secretary shall make grants under this 
        subsection for a fiscal year to an eligible recipient 
        participating in a State pool following notification by the 
        State of the allocation amount determined under subparagraph 
        (E).
    ``(b) Buses and Bus Facilities Competitive Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
    subsection to eligible recipients (as described in subsection 
    (a)(4)) to assist in the financing of buses and bus facilities 
    capital projects, including--
            ``(A) replacing, rehabilitating, purchasing, or leasing 
        buses or related equipment; and
            ``(B) rehabilitating, purchasing, constructing, or leasing 
        bus-related facilities.
        ``(2) Grant considerations.--In making grants under this 
    subsection, the Secretary shall consider the age and condition of 
    buses, bus fleets, related equipment, and bus-related facilities.
        ``(3) Statewide applications.--A State may submit a statewide 
    application on behalf of a public agency or private nonprofit 
    organization engaged in public transportation in rural areas or 
    other areas for which the State allocates funds. The submission of 
    a statewide application shall not preclude the submission and 
    consideration of any application under this subsection from other 
    eligible recipients (as described in subsection (a)(4)) in an 
    urbanized area in a State.
        ``(4) Requirements for the secretary.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) disclose all metrics and evaluation procedures to be 
        used in considering grant applications under this subsection 
        upon issuance of the notice of funding availability in the 
        Federal Register; and
            ``(B) publish a summary of final scores for selected 
        projects, metrics, and other evaluations used in awarding 
        grants under this subsection in the Federal Register.
        ``(5) Rural projects.--Not less than 10 percent of the amounts 
    made available under this subsection in a fiscal year shall be 
    distributed to projects in rural areas.
        ``(6) Grant requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--A grant under this subsection shall be 
        subject to the requirements of--
                ``(i) section 5307 for eligible recipients of grants 
            made in urbanized areas; and
                ``(ii) section 5311 for eligible recipients of grants 
            made in rural areas.
            ``(B) Government share of costs.--The Government share of 
        the cost of an eligible project carried out under this 
        subsection shall not exceed 80 percent.
        ``(7) Availability of funds.--Any amounts made available to 
    carry out this subsection--
            ``(A) shall remain available for 3 fiscal years after the 
        fiscal year for which the amount is made available; and
            ``(B) that remain unobligated at the end of the period 
        described in subparagraph (A) shall be added to the amount made 
        available to an eligible project in the following fiscal year.
        ``(8) Limitation.--Of the amounts made available under this 
    subsection, not more than 10 percent may be awarded to a single 
    grantee.
    ``(c) Low or No Emission Grants.--
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
            ``(A) the term `direct carbon emissions' means the quantity 
        of direct greenhouse gas emissions from a vehicle, as 
        determined by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
        Agency;
            ``(B) the term `eligible project' means a project or 
        program of projects in an eligible area for--
                ``(i) acquiring low or no emission vehicles;
                ``(ii) leasing low or no emission vehicles;
                ``(iii) acquiring low or no emission vehicles with a 
            leased power source;
                ``(iv) constructing facilities and related equipment 
            for low or no emission vehicles;
                ``(v) leasing facilities and related equipment for low 
            or no emission vehicles;
                ``(vi) constructing new public transportation 
            facilities to accommodate low or no emission vehicles; or
                ``(vii) rehabilitating or improving existing public 
            transportation facilities to accommodate low or no emission 
            vehicles;
            ``(C) the term `leased power source' means a removable 
        power source, as defined in subsection (c)(3) of section 3019 
        of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015 that is made 
        available through a capital lease under such section;
            ``(D) the term `low or no emission bus' means a bus that is 
        a low or no emission vehicle;
            ``(E) the term `low or no emission vehicle' means--
                ``(i) a passenger vehicle used to provide public 
            transportation that the Secretary determines sufficiently 
            reduces energy consumption or harmful emissions, including 
            direct carbon emissions, when compared to a comparable 
            standard vehicle; or
                ``(ii) a zero emission vehicle used to provide public 
            transportation;
            ``(F) the term `recipient' means a designated recipient, a 
        local governmental authority, or a State that receives a grant 
        under this subsection for an eligible project; and
            ``(G) the term `zero emission vehicle' means a low or no 
        emission vehicle that produces no carbon or particulate matter.
        ``(2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants to 
    recipients to finance eligible projects under this subsection.
        ``(3) Grant requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--A grant under this subsection shall be 
        subject to the requirements of section 5307.
            ``(B) Government share of costs for certain projects.--
        Section 5323(i) applies to eligible projects carried out under 
        this subsection, unless the recipient requests a lower grant 
        percentage.
            ``(C) Combination of funding sources.--
                ``(i) Combination permitted.--An eligible project 
            carried out under this subsection may receive funding under 
            section 5307 or any other provision of law.
                ``(ii) Government share.--Nothing in this subparagraph 
            shall be construed to alter the Government share required 
            under paragraph (7), section 5307, or any other provision 
            of law.
        ``(4) Competitive process.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) not later than 30 days after the date on which 
        amounts are made available for obligation under this subsection 
        for a full fiscal year, solicit grant applications for eligible 
        projects on a competitive basis; and
            ``(B) award a grant under this subsection based on the 
        solicitation under subparagraph (A) not later than the earlier 
        of--
                ``(i) 75 days after the date on which the solicitation 
            expires; or
                ``(ii) the end of the fiscal year in which the 
            Secretary solicited the grant applications.
        ``(5) Consideration.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
    the Secretary shall only consider eligible projects relating to the 
    acquisition or leasing of low or no emission buses or bus 
    facilities that--
            ``(A) make greater reductions in energy consumption and 
        harmful emissions, including direct carbon emissions, than 
        comparable standard buses or other low or no emission buses; 
        and
            ``(B) are part of a long-term integrated fleet management 
        plan for the recipient.
        ``(6) Availability of funds.--Any amounts made available to 
    carry out this subsection--
            ``(A) shall remain available to an eligible project for 3 
        fiscal years after the fiscal year for which the amount is made 
        available; and
            ``(B) that remain unobligated at the end of the period 
        described in subparagraph (A) shall be added to the amount made 
        available to an eligible project in the following fiscal year.
        ``(7) Government share of costs.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of an 
        eligible project carried out under this subsection shall not 
        exceed 80 percent.
            ``(B) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal share of the cost 
        of an eligible project carried out under this subsection may be 
        derived from in-kind contributions.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 
53 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 5339 and inserting the following:

``5339. Grants for buses and bus facilities.''.
SEC. 3018. OBLIGATION CEILING.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the total of all 
obligations from amounts made available from the Mass Transit Account 
of the Highway Trust Fund by subsection (a) of section 5338 of title 
49, United States Code, and section 3028 of the Federal Public 
Transportation Act of 2015 shall not exceed--
        (1) $9,347,604,639 in fiscal year 2016;
        (2) $9,733,706,043 in fiscal year 2017;
        (3) $9,733,353,407 in fiscal year 2018;
        (4) $9,939,380,030 in fiscal year 2019; and
        (5) $10,150,348,462 in fiscal year 2020.
SEC. 3019. INNOVATIVE PROCUREMENT.
    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``grantee'' means a 
recipient or subrecipient of assistance under chapter 53 of title 49, 
United States Code.
    (b) Cooperative Procurement.--
        (1) Definitions; general rules.--
            (A) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                (i) the term ``cooperative procurement contract'' means 
            a contract--

                    (I) entered into between a State government or 
                eligible nonprofit entity and 1 or more vendors; and
                    (II) under which the vendors agree to provide an 
                option to purchase rolling stock and related equipment 
                to multiple participants;

                (ii) the term ``eligible nonprofit entity'' means--

                    (I) a nonprofit cooperative purchasing organization 
                that is not a grantee; or
                    (II) a consortium of entities described in 
                subclause (I);

                (iii) the terms ``lead nonprofit entity'' and ``lead 
            procurement agency'' mean an eligible nonprofit entity or a 
            State government, respectively, that acts in an 
            administrative capacity on behalf of each participant in a 
            cooperative procurement contract;
                (iv) the term ``participant'' means a grantee that 
            participates in a cooperative procurement contract; and
                (v) the term ``participate'' means to purchase rolling 
            stock and related equipment under a cooperative procurement 
            contract using assistance provided under chapter 53 of 
            title 49, United States Code.
            (B) General rules.--
                (i) Procurement not limited to intrastate 
            participants.--A grantee may participate in a cooperative 
            procurement contract without regard to whether the grantee 
            is located in the same State as the parties to the 
            contract.
                (ii) Voluntary participation.--Participation by 
            grantees in a cooperative procurement contract shall be 
            voluntary.
                (iii) Contract terms.--The lead procurement agency or 
            lead nonprofit entity for a cooperative procurement 
            contract shall develop the terms of the contract.
                (iv) Duration.--A cooperative procurement contract--

                    (I) subject to subclauses (II) and (III), may be 
                for an initial term of not more than 2 years;
                    (II) may include not more than 3 optional 
                extensions for terms of not more than 1 year each; and
                    (III) may be in effect for a total period of not 
                more than 5 years, including each extension authorized 
                under subclause (II).

                (v) Administrative expenses.--A lead procurement agency 
            or lead nonprofit entity, as applicable, that enters into a 
            cooperative procurement contract--

                    (I) may charge the participants in the contract for 
                the cost of administering, planning, and providing 
                technical assistance for the contract in an amount that 
                is not more than 1 percent of the total value of the 
                contract; and
                    (II) with respect to the cost described in 
                subclause (I), may incorporate the cost into the price 
                of the contract or directly charge the participants for 
                the cost, but not both.

        (2) State cooperative procurement schedules.--
            (A) Authority.--A State government may enter into a 
        cooperative procurement contract with 1 or more vendors if--
                (i) the vendors agree to provide an option to purchase 
            rolling stock and related equipment to the State government 
            and any other participant; and
                (ii) the State government acts throughout the term of 
            the contract as the lead procurement agency.
            (B) Applicability of policies and procedures.--In procuring 
        rolling stock and related equipment under a cooperative 
        procurement contract under this subsection, a State government 
        shall comply with the policies and procedures that apply to 
        procurement by the State government when using non-Federal 
        funds, to the extent that the policies and procedures are in 
        conformance with applicable Federal law.
        (3) Pilot program for nonprofit cooperative procurements.--
            (A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and carry 
        out a pilot program to demonstrate the effectiveness of 
        cooperative procurement contracts administered by eligible 
        nonprofit entities.
            (B) Designation.--In carrying out the program under this 
        paragraph, the Secretary shall designate not less than 3 
        eligible nonprofit entities to enter into a cooperative 
        procurement contract under which the eligible nonprofit entity 
        acts throughout the term of the contract as the lead nonprofit 
        entity.
            (C) Notice of intent to participate.--At a time determined 
        appropriate by the lead nonprofit entity, each participant in a 
        cooperative procurement contract under this paragraph shall 
        submit to the lead nonprofit entity a nonbinding notice of 
        intent to participate.
        (4) Joint procurement clearinghouse.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        clearinghouse for the purpose of allowing grantees to aggregate 
        planned rolling stock purchases and identify joint procurement 
        participants.
            (B) Nonprofit consultation.--In establishing the 
        clearinghouse under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may consult 
        with nonprofit entities with expertise in public transportation 
        or procurement, and other stakeholders as the Secretary 
        determines appropriate.
            (C) Information on procurements.--The clearinghouse may 
        include information on bus size, engine type, floor type, and 
        any other attributes necessary to identify joint procurement 
        participants.
            (D) Limitations.--
                (i) Access.--The clearinghouse shall only be accessible 
            to the Federal Transit Administration, a nonprofit entity 
            coordinating for such clearinghouse with the Secretary, and 
            grantees.
                (ii) Participation.--No grantee shall be required to 
            submit procurement information to the database.
    (c) Leasing Arrangements.--
        (1) Capital lease defined.--
            (A) In general.--In this subsection, the term ``capital 
        lease'' means any agreement under which a grantee acquires the 
        right to use rolling stock or related equipment for a specified 
        period of time, in exchange for a periodic payment.
            (B) Maintenance.--A capital lease may require that the 
        lessor provide maintenance of the rolling stock or related 
        equipment covered by the lease.
        (2) Program to support innovative leasing arrangements.--
            (A) Authority.--A grantee may use assistance provided under 
        chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, to enter into a 
        capital lease if--
                (i) the rolling stock or related equipment covered 
            under the lease is eligible for capital assistance under 
            such chapter; and
                (ii) there is or will be no Federal interest in the 
            rolling stock or related equipment covered under the lease 
            as of the date on which the lease takes effect.
            (B) Grantee requirements.--A grantee that enters into a 
        capital lease shall--
                (i) maintain an inventory of the rolling stock or 
            related equipment acquired under the lease; and
                (ii) maintain on the accounting records of the grantee 
            the liability of the grantee under the lease.
            (C) Eligible lease costs.--The costs for which a grantee 
        may use assistance under chapter 53 of title 49, United States 
        Code, with respect to a capital lease, include--
                (i) the cost of the rolling stock or related equipment;
                (ii) associated financing costs, including interest, 
            legal fees, and financial advisor fees;
                (iii) ancillary costs such as delivery and installation 
            charges; and
                (iv) maintenance costs.
            (D) Terms.--A grantee shall negotiate the terms of any 
        lease agreement that the grantee enters into.
            (E) Applicability of procurement requirements.--
                (i) Lease requirements.--Part 639 of title 49, Code of 
            Federal Regulations, or any successor regulation, and 
            implementing guidance applicable to leasing shall not apply 
            to a capital lease.
                (ii) Buy america.--The requirements under section 
            5323(j) of title 49, United States Code, shall apply to a 
            capital lease.
        (3) Capital leasing of certain zero emission vehicle 
    components.--
            (A) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                (i) the term ``removable power source''--

                    (I) means a power source that is separately 
                installed in, and removable from, a zero emission 
                vehicle; and
                    (II) may include a battery, a fuel cell, an ultra-
                capacitor, or other advanced power source used in a 
                zero emission vehicle; and

                (ii) the term ``zero emission vehicle'' has the meaning 
            given the term in section 5339(c) of title 49, United 
            States Code.
            (B) Leased power sources.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, for purposes of this subsection, the cost of 
        a removable power source that is necessary for the operation of 
        a zero emission vehicle shall not be treated as part of the 
        cost of the vehicle if the removable power source is acquired 
        using a capital lease.
            (C) Eligible capital lease.--A grantee may acquire a 
        removable power source by itself through a capital lease.
            (D) Procurement regulations.--For purposes of this section, 
        a removable power source shall be subject to section 200.88 of 
        title 2, Code of Federal Regulations.
        (4) Reporting requirement.--Not later than 3 years after the 
    date on which a grantee enters into a capital lease under this 
    subsection, the grantee shall submit to the Secretary a report that 
    contains--
            (A) an evaluation of the overall costs and benefits of 
        leasing rolling stock; and
            (B) a comparison of the expected short-term and long-term 
        maintenance costs of leasing versus buying rolling stock.
        (5) Report.--The Secretary shall make publicly available an 
    annual report on this subsection for each fiscal year, not later 
    than December 31 of the calendar year in which that fiscal year 
    ends. The report shall include a detailed description of the 
    activities carried out under this subsection, and evaluation of the 
    program including the evaluation of the data reported in paragraph 
    (4).
    (d) Buy America.--The requirements of section 5323(j) of title 49, 
United States Code, shall apply to all procurements under this section.
SEC. 3020. REVIEW OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY STANDARDS.
    (a) Review Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall begin a review of the 
    safety standards and protocols used in public transportation 
    systems in the United States that examines the efficacy of existing 
    standards and protocols.
        (2) Contents of review.--In conducting the review under this 
    paragraph, the Secretary shall review--
            (A) minimum safety performance standards developed by the 
        public transportation industry;
            (B) safety performance standards, practices, or protocols 
        in use by rail fixed guideway public transportation systems, 
        including--
                (i) written emergency plans and procedures for 
            passenger evacuations;
                (ii) training programs to ensure public transportation 
            personnel compliance and readiness in emergency situations;
                (iii) coordination plans approved by recipients with 
            local emergency responders having jurisdiction over a rail 
            fixed guideway public transportation system, including--

                    (I) emergency preparedness training, drills, and 
                familiarization programs for the first responders; and
                    (II) the scheduling of regular field exercises to 
                ensure appropriate response and effective radio and 
                public safety communications;

                (iv) maintenance, testing, and inspection programs to 
            ensure the proper functioning of--

                    (I) tunnel, station, and vehicle ventilation 
                systems;
                    (II) signal and train control systems, track, 
                mechanical systems, and other infrastructure; and
                    (III) other systems as necessary;

                (v) certification requirements for train and bus 
            operators and control center employees;
                (vi) consensus-based standards, practices, or protocols 
            available to the public transportation industry; and
                (vii) any other standards, practices, or protocols the 
            Secretary determines appropriate; and
            (C) rail and bus safety standards, practices, or protocols 
        in use by public transportation systems, regarding--
                (i) rail and bus design and the workstation of rail and 
            bus operators, as it relates to--

                    (I) the reduction of blindspots that contribute to 
                accidents involving pedestrians; and
                    (II) protecting rail and bus operators from the 
                risk of assault;

                (ii) scheduling fixed route rail and bus service with 
            adequate time and access for operators to use restroom 
            facilities;
                (iii) fatigue management; and
                (iv) crash avoidance and worthiness.
    (b) Evaluation.--After conducting the review under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall, in consultation with representatives of the public 
transportation industry, evaluate the need to establish additional 
Federal minimum public transportation safety standards.
    (c) Report.--After completing the review and evaluation required 
under subsections (a) and (b), and not later than 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall make available on a 
publicly accessible Web site, a report that includes--
        (1) findings based on the review conducted under subsection 
    (a);
        (2) the outcome of the evaluation conducted under subsection 
    (b);
        (3) a comprehensive set of recommendations to improve the 
    safety of the public transportation industry, including 
    recommendations for statutory changes if applicable; and
        (4) actions that the Secretary will take to address the 
    recommendations provided under paragraph (3), including, if 
    necessary, the authorities under section 5329(b)(2)(D) of title 49, 
    United States Code.
SEC. 3021. STUDY ON EVIDENTIARY PROTECTION FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION 
SAFETY PROGRAM INFORMATION.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the 
Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine, to conduct a study to evaluate whether it is 
in the public interest, including public safety and the legal rights of 
persons injured in public transportation accidents, to withhold from 
discovery or admission into evidence in a Federal or State court 
proceeding any plan, report, data, or other information or portion 
thereof, submitted to, developed, produced, collected, or obtained by 
the Secretary or the Secretary's representative for purposes of 
complying with the requirements under section 5329 of title 49, United 
States Code, including information related to a recipient's safety 
plan, safety risks, and mitigation measures.
    (b) Coordination.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), 
the Transportation Research Board shall coordinate with the legal 
research entities of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
and Medicine, including the Committee on Law and Justice and the 
Committee on Science, Technology, and Law, and include members of those 
committees on the research committee established for the purposes of 
this section.
    (c) Input.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
relevant entities of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
and Medicine shall solicit input from the public transportation 
recipients, public transportation nonprofit employee labor 
organizations, and impacted members of the general public.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
Medicine shall issue a report, with the findings of the study under 
subsection (a), including any recommendations on statutory changes 
regarding evidentiary protections that will increase public 
transportation safety.
SEC. 3022. IMPROVED PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY MEASURES.
    (a) Requirements.--Not later than 90 days after publication of the 
report required in section 3020, the Secretary shall issue a notice of 
proposed rulemaking on protecting public transportation operators from 
the risk of assault.
    (b) Consideration.--In the proposed rulemaking, the Secretary shall 
consider--
        (1) different safety needs of drivers of different modes;
        (2) differences in operating environments;
        (3) the use of technology to mitigate driver assault risks;
        (4) existing experience, from both agencies and operators that 
    already are using or testing driver assault mitigation 
    infrastructure; and
        (5) the impact of the rule on future rolling stock procurements 
    and vehicles currently in revenue service.
    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed as 
prohibiting the Secretary from issuing different comprehensive worker 
protections, including standards for mitigating assaults.
SEC. 3023. PARATRANSIT SYSTEM UNDER FTA APPROVED COORDINATED PLAN.
    Notwithstanding the provisions of section 37.131(c) of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, any paratransit system currently 
coordinating complementary paratransit service for more than 40 fixed 
route agencies shall be permitted to continue using an existing tiered, 
distance-based coordinated paratransit fare system, if the fare for the 
existing tiered, distance-based coordinated paratransit fare system is 
not increased by a greater percentage than any increase to the fixed 
route fare for the largest transit agency in the complementary 
paratransit service area.
SEC. 3024. REPORT ON POTENTIAL OF INTERNET OF THINGS.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
potential of the Internet of Things to improve transportation services 
in rural, suburban, and urban areas.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) a survey of the communities, cities, and States that are 
    using innovative transportation systems to meet the needs of ageing 
    populations;
        (2) best practices to protect privacy and security, as 
    determined as a result of such survey; and
        (3) recommendations with respect to the potential of the 
    Internet of Things to assist local, State, and Federal planners to 
    develop more efficient and accurate projections of the 
    transportation needs of rural, suburban, and urban communities.
SEC. 3025. REPORT ON PARKING SAFETY.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on the safety of 
certain transportation facilities and locations, focusing on any 
property damage, injuries, deaths, and other incidents that occur or 
originate at locations intended to encourage public use of alternative 
transportation, including--
        (1) carpool lots;
        (2) mass transit lots;
        (3) local, State, or regional rail stations;
        (4) rest stops;
        (5) college or university lots;
        (6) bike paths or walking trails; and
        (7) any other locations that the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 8 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate a report on the 
results of the study.
    (c) Recommendations.--The Secretary shall include in the report 
recommendations to Congress on the best ways to use innovative 
technologies to increase safety and ensure a better response by transit 
security and local, State, and Federal law enforcement to address 
threats to public safety.
SEC. 3026. APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS OF WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA 
TRANSIT AUTHORITY.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
        (1) Compact.--The term ``Compact'' means the Washington 
    Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Compact (Public Law 89-774; 80 
    Stat. 1324).
        (2) Federal director.--The term ``Federal Director'' means--
            (A) a voting member of the Board of Directors of the 
        Transit Authority who represents the Federal Government; and
            (B) a nonvoting member of the Board of Directors of the 
        Transit Authority who serves as an alternate for a member 
        described in subparagraph (A).
        (3) Transit authority.--The term ``Transit Authority'' means 
    the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority established 
    under Article III of the Compact.
    (b) Appointment by Secretary of Transportation.--
        (1) In general.--For any appointment made on or after the date 
    of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
    have sole authority to appoint Federal Directors to the Board of 
    Directors of the Transit Authority.
        (2) Amendment to compact.--The signatory parties to the Compact 
    shall amend the Compact as necessary in accordance with paragraph 
    (1).
SEC. 3027. EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION CHANGES AND FUNDING.
    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General shall examine and evaluate the impact of the 
changes that MAP-21 had on public transportation, including--
        (1) the ability and effectiveness of public transportation 
    agencies to provide public transportation to low-income workers in 
    accessing jobs and being able to use reverse commute services;
        (2) whether services to low-income riders declined after MAP-21 
    was implemented; and
        (3) if guidance provided by the Federal Transit Administration 
    encouraged public transportation agencies to maintain and support 
    services to low-income riders to allow them to access jobs, medical 
    services, and other life necessities.
SEC. 3028. AUTHORIZATION OF GRANTS FOR POSITIVE TRAIN CONTROL.
    (a) In General.--There shall be available from the Mass Transit 
Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out this section 
$199,000,000 for fiscal year 2017 to assist in financing the 
installation of positive train control systems required under section 
20157 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Uses.--The amounts made available under subsection (a) of this 
section shall be awarded by the Secretary on a competitive basis, and 
grant funds awarded under this section shall not exceed 80 percent of 
the total cost of a project.
    (c) Credit Assistance.--At the request of an eligible applicant 
under this section, the Secretary may use amounts awarded to the entity 
to pay the subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide the 
entity Federal credit assistance under sections 502 through 504 of the 
Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 
801 et seq.), with respect to the project for which the grant was 
awarded.
    (d) Eligible Recipients.--The amounts made available under 
subsection (a) of this section may be used only to assist a recipient 
of funds under chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code.
    (e) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may withhold up to 
1 percent from the amounts made available under subsection (a) of this 
section for the costs of project management oversight of grants 
authorized under that subsection.
    (f) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed as 
authorizing the amounts appropriated under subsection (a) to be used 
for any purpose other than financing the installation of positive train 
control systems.
    (g) Grants Financed From Highway Trust Fund.--A grant that is 
approved by the Secretary and financed with amounts made available from 
the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund under this section 
is a contractual obligation of the Government to pay the Government 
share of the cost of the project.
    (h) Availability of Amounts.--Notwithstanding subsection (j), 
amounts made available under this section shall remain available until 
expended.
    (i) Obligation Limitation.--Funds made available under this section 
shall be subject to obligation limit of section 3018 of the Federal 
Public Transportation Act of 2015.
    (j) Sunset.--The Secretary of Transportation shall provide the 
grants, direct loans, and loan guarantees under subsections (b) and (c) 
by September 30, 2018.
SEC. 3029. AMENDMENT TO TITLE 5.
    (a) In General.--Section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``Federal Transit Administrator.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5314 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``Federal Transit Administrator.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the first day of the first pay period beginning on or after 
the first day of the first fiscal year beginning after the date of 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 3030. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING CHANGES.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 20008(b) of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 5309 note) is 
repealed.
    (b) Repeal Section 5313.--Section 5313 of title 49, United States 
Code, and the item relating to that section in the analysis for chapter 
53 of such title, are repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Section 5319.--Section 5319 of title 49, United 
States Code, and the item relating to that section in the analysis for 
chapter 53 of such title, are repealed.
    (d) Repeal of Section 5322.--Section 5322 of title 49, United 
States Code, and the item relating to that section in the analysis for 
chapter 53 of such title, are repealed.
    (e) Section 5325.--Section 5325 of title 49, United States Code is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``at least two''; and
        (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``Federal Public 
    Transportation Act of 2012'' and inserting ``Federal Public 
    Transportation Act of 2015''.
    (f) Section 5340.--Section 5340 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (b); and
        (2) by inserting the following:
    ``(b) Allocation.--The Secretary shall apportion the amounts made 
available under section 5338(b)(2)(N) in accordance with subsection (c) 
and subsection (d).''.
    (g) Chapter 105 of Title 49, United States Code.--Section 10501(c) 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``section 5302(a)'' 
        and inserting ``section 5302''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) by striking ``mass transportation'' and inserting 
            ``public transportation''; and
                (ii) by striking ``section 5302(a)'' and inserting 
            ``section 5302''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``mass transportation'' 
    and inserting ``public transportation''.

                    TITLE IV--HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY

SEC. 4001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
        (1) Highway safety programs.--For carrying out section 402 of 
    title 23, United States Code--
            (A) $243,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $252,300,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $261,200,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $270,400,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $279,800,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (2) Highway safety research and development.--For carrying out 
    section 403 of title 23, United States Code--
            (A) $137,800,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $140,700,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $143,700,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $146,700,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $149,800,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (3) National priority safety programs.--For carrying out 
    section 405 of title 23, United States Code--
            (A) $274,700,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $277,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $280,200,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $283,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $285,900,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (4) National driver register.--For the National Highway Traffic 
    Safety Administration to carry out chapter 303 of title 49, United 
    States Code--
            (A) $5,100,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $5,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $5,300,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $5,400,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $5,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (5) High-visibility enforcement program.--For carrying out 
    section 404 of title 23, United States Code--
            (A) $29,300,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $29,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $29,900,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $30,200,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $30,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (6) Administrative expenses.--For administrative and related 
    operating expenses of the National Highway Traffic Safety 
    Administration in carrying out chapter 4 of title 23, United States 
    Code, and this title--
            (A) $25,832,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $26,072,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $26,329,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $26,608,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $26,817,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    (b) Prohibition on Other Uses.--Except as otherwise provided in 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and chapter 303 of title 49, 
United States Code, the amounts made available from the Highway Trust 
Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for a program under such 
chapters--
        (1) shall only be used to carry out such program; and
        (2) may not be used by States or local governments for 
    construction purposes.
    (c) Applicability of Title 23.--Except as otherwise provided in 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and chapter 303 of title 49, 
United States Code, amounts made available under subsection (a) for 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be available for obligation in the 
same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 
23, United States Code.
    (d) Regulatory Authority.--Grants awarded under this title shall be 
carried out in accordance with regulations issued by the Secretary.
    (e) State Matching Requirements.--If a grant awarded under chapter 
4 of title 23, United States Code, requires a State to share in the 
cost, the aggregate of all expenditures for highway safety activities 
made during a fiscal year by the State and its political subdivisions 
(exclusive of Federal funds) for carrying out the grant (other than 
planning and administration) shall be available for the purpose of 
crediting the State during such fiscal year for the non-Federal share 
of the cost of any other project carried out under chapter 4 of title 
23, United States Code (other than planning or administration), without 
regard to whether such expenditures were made in connection with such 
project.
    (f) Grant Application and Deadline.--To receive a grant under 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, a State shall submit an 
application, and the Secretary shall establish a single deadline for 
such applications to enable the award of grants early in the next 
fiscal year.
SEC. 4002. HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS.
    Section 402 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)(A)--
            (A) in clause (vi) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in clause (vii) by inserting ``and'' after the 
        semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(viii) to increase driver awareness of commercial 
            motor vehicles to prevent crashes and reduce injuries and 
            fatalities;'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(4), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Survey.--A State in which an automated traffic 
        enforcement system is installed shall expend funds apportioned 
        to that State under this section to conduct a biennial survey 
        that the Secretary shall make publicly available through the 
        Internet Web site of the Department of Transportation that 
        includes--
                ``(i) a list of automated traffic enforcement systems 
            in the State;
                ``(ii) adequate data to measure the transparency, 
            accountability, and safety attributes of each automated 
            traffic enforcement system; and
                ``(iii) a comparison of each automated traffic 
            enforcement system with--

                    ``(I) Speed Enforcement Camera Systems Operational 
                Guidelines (DOT HS 810 916, March 2008); and
                    ``(II) Red Light Camera Systems Operational 
                Guidelines (FHWA-SA-05-002, January 2005).'';

        (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Restriction.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
authorize the appropriation or expenditure of funds for highway 
construction, maintenance, or design (other than design of safety 
features of highways to be incorporated into guidelines).'';
        (4) in subsection (k)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
        ``(3) Electronic submission.--The Secretary, in coordination 
    with the Governors Highway Safety Association, shall develop 
    procedures to allow States to submit highway safety plans under 
    this subsection, including any attachments to the plans, in 
    electronic form.''; and
            (C) in paragraph (6)(A), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``60 days'' and inserting ``45 days''; and
        (5) in subsection (m)(2)(B)--
            (A) in clause (vii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in clause (viii) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ix) increase driver awareness of commercial motor 
            vehicles to prevent crashes and reduce injuries and 
            fatalities; and
                ``(x) support for school-based driver's education 
            classes to improve teen knowledge about--

                    ``(I) safe driving practices; and
                    ``(II) State graduated driving license 
                requirements, including behind-the-wheel training 
                required to meet those requirements.''.

SEC. 4003. HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
    Section 403 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (h)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``may'' and inserting 
        ``shall'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Funding.--The Secretary shall obligate from funds made 
    available to carry out this section for the period covering fiscal 
    years 2017 through 2020 not more than $21,248,000 to conduct the 
    research described in paragraph (1).'';
            (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``If the Administrator 
        utilizes the authority under paragraph (1), the'' and inserting 
        ``The''; and
            (D) in paragraph (4) by striking ``If the Administrator 
        conducts the research authorized under paragraph (1), the'' and 
        inserting ``The''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Limitation on Drug and Alcohol Survey Data.--The Secretary 
shall establish procedures and guidelines to ensure that any person 
participating in a program or activity that collects data on drug or 
alcohol use by drivers of motor vehicles and is carried out under this 
section is informed that the program or activity is voluntary.
    ``(j) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of any project 
or activity carried out under this section may be not more than 100 
percent.''.
SEC. 4004. HIGH-VISIBILITY ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 404 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 404. High-visibility enforcement program
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish and administer a 
program under which not less than 3 campaigns will be carried out in 
each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of each campaign carried out under this 
section shall be to achieve outcomes related to not less than 1 of the 
following objectives:
        ``(1) Reduce alcohol-impaired or drug-impaired operation of 
    motor vehicles.
        ``(2) Increase use of seatbelts by occupants of motor vehicles.
    ``(c) Advertising.--The Secretary may use, or authorize the use of, 
funds available to carry out this section to pay for the development, 
production, and use of broadcast and print media advertising and 
Internet-based outreach in carrying out campaigns under this section. 
In allocating such funds, consideration shall be given to advertising 
directed at non-English speaking populations, including those who 
listen to, read, or watch nontraditional media.
    ``(d) Coordination With States.--The Secretary shall coordinate 
with States in carrying out the campaigns under this section, including 
advertising funded under subsection (c), with consideration given to--
        ``(1) relying on States to provide law enforcement resources 
    for the campaigns out of funding made available under sections 402 
    and 405; and
        ``(2) providing, out of National Highway Traffic Safety 
    Administration resources, most of the means necessary for national 
    advertising and education efforts associated with the campaigns.
    ``(e) Use of Funds.--Funds made available to carry out this section 
may be used only for activities described in subsection (c).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
        ``(1) Campaign.--The term `campaign' means a high-visibility 
    traffic safety law enforcement campaign.
        ``(2) State.--The term `State' has the meaning given that term 
    in section 401.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 4 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
404 and inserting the following:

``404. High-visibility enforcement program.''.
SEC. 4005. NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY PROGRAMS.
    (a) General Authority.--Section 405(a) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) General Authority.--Subject to the requirements of this 
section, the Secretary shall manage programs to address national 
priorities for reducing highway deaths and injuries. Funds shall be 
allocated according to the following:
        ``(1) Occupant protection.--In each fiscal year, 13 percent of 
    the funds provided under this section shall be allocated among 
    States that adopt and implement effective occupant protection 
    programs to reduce highway deaths and injuries resulting from 
    individuals riding unrestrained or improperly restrained in motor 
    vehicles (as described in subsection (b)).
        ``(2) State traffic safety information system improvements.--In 
    each fiscal year, 14.5 percent of the funds provided under this 
    section shall be allocated among States that meet requirements with 
    respect to State traffic safety information system improvements (as 
    described in subsection (c)).
        ``(3) Impaired driving countermeasures.--In each fiscal year, 
    52.5 percent of the funds provided under this section shall be 
    allocated among States that meet requirements with respect to 
    impaired driving countermeasures (as described in subsection (d)).
        ``(4) Distracted driving.--In each fiscal year, 8.5 percent of 
    the funds provided under this section shall be allocated among 
    States that adopt and implement effective laws to reduce distracted 
    driving (as described in subsection (e)).
        ``(5) Motorcyclist safety.--In each fiscal year, 1.5 percent of 
    the funds provided under this section shall be allocated among 
    States that implement motorcyclist safety programs (as described in 
    subsection (f)).
        ``(6) State graduated driver licensing laws.--In each fiscal 
    year, 5 percent of the funds provided under this section shall be 
    allocated among States that adopt and implement graduated driver 
    licensing laws (as described in subsection (g)).
        ``(7) Nonmotorized safety.--In each fiscal year, 5 percent of 
    the funds provided under this section shall be allocated among 
    States that meet requirements with respect to nonmotorized safety 
    (as described in subsection (h)).
        ``(8) Transfers.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (7), 
    the Secretary shall reallocate, before the last day of any fiscal 
    year, any amounts remaining available to carry out any of the 
    activities described in subsections (b) through (h) to increase the 
    amount made available under section 402, in order to ensure, to the 
    maximum extent possible, that all such amounts are obligated during 
    such fiscal year.
        ``(9) Maintenance of effort.--
            ``(A) Certification.--As part of the grant application 
        required in section 402(k)(3)(F), a State receiving a grant in 
        any fiscal year under subsection (b), (c), or (d) of this 
        section shall provide certification that the lead State agency 
        responsible for programs described in any of those subsections 
        is maintaining aggregate expenditures at or above the average 
        level of such expenditures in the 2 fiscal years prior to the 
        date of enactment of the FAST Act.
            ``(B) Waiver.--Upon the request of a State, the Secretary 
        may waive or modify the requirements under subparagraph (A) for 
        not more than 1 fiscal year if the Secretary determines that 
        such a waiver would be equitable due to exceptional or 
        uncontrollable circumstances.
        ``(10) Political subdivisions.--A State may provide the funds 
    awarded under this section to a political subdivision of the State 
    or an Indian tribal government.''.
    (b) High Seatbelt Use Rate.--Section 405(b)(4)(B) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``75 percent'' and inserting 
``100 percent''.
    (c) Impaired Driving Countermeasures.--Section 405(d) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
        ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--
            ``(A) Required programs.--High-range States shall use grant 
        funds for--
                ``(i) high-visibility enforcement efforts; and
                ``(ii) any of the activities described in subparagraph 
            (B) if--

                    ``(I) the activity is described in the statewide 
                plan; and
                    ``(II) the Secretary approves the use of funding 
                for such activity.

            ``(B) Authorized programs.--Medium-range and low-range 
        States may use grant funds for--
                ``(i) any of the purposes described in subparagraph 
            (A);
                ``(ii) hiring a full-time or part-time impaired driving 
            coordinator of the State's activities to address the 
            enforcement and adjudication of laws regarding driving 
            while impaired by alcohol, drugs, or the combination of 
            alcohol and drugs;
                ``(iii) court support of high-visibility enforcement 
            efforts, training and education of criminal justice 
            professionals (including law enforcement, prosecutors, 
            judges, and probation officers) to assist such 
            professionals in handling impaired driving cases, hiring 
            traffic safety resource prosecutors, hiring judicial 
            outreach liaisons, and establishing driving while 
            intoxicated courts;
                ``(iv) alcohol ignition interlock programs;
                ``(v) improving blood-alcohol concentration testing and 
            reporting;
                ``(vi) paid and earned media in support of high-
            visibility enforcement efforts, conducting standardized 
            field sobriety training, advanced roadside impaired driving 
            evaluation training, and drug recognition expert training 
            for law enforcement, and equipment and related expenditures 
            used in connection with impaired driving enforcement in 
            accordance with criteria established by the National 
            Highway Traffic Safety Administration;
                ``(vii) training on the use of alcohol and drug 
            screening and brief intervention;
                ``(viii) training for and implementation of impaired 
            driving assessment programs or other tools designed to 
            increase the probability of identifying the recidivism risk 
            of a person convicted of driving under the influence of 
            alcohol, drugs, or a combination of alcohol and drugs and 
            to determine the most effective mental health or substance 
            abuse treatment or sanction that will reduce such risk;
                ``(ix) developing impaired driving information systems; 
            and
                ``(x) costs associated with a 24-7 sobriety program.
            ``(C) Other programs.--Low-range States may use grant funds 
        for any expenditure designed to reduce impaired driving based 
        on problem identification and may use not more than 50 percent 
        of funds made available under this subsection for any project 
        or activity eligible for funding under section 402. Medium-
        range and high-range States may use funds for any expenditure 
        designed to reduce impaired driving based on problem 
        identification upon approval by the Secretary.'';
        (2) in paragraph (6)--
            (A) by amending the paragraph heading to read as follows: 
        ``Additional grants.--'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A) by amending the subparagraph 
        heading to read as follows: ``Grants to states with alcohol-
        ignition interlock laws.--'';
            (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (C) through (E), respectively;
            (D) by inserting after subparagraph (A), the following:
            ``(B) Grants to states with 24-7 sobriety programs.--The 
        Secretary shall make a separate grant under this subsection to 
        each State that--
                ``(i) adopts and is enforcing a law that requires all 
            individuals convicted of driving under the influence of 
            alcohol or of driving while intoxicated to receive a 
            restriction on driving privileges; and
                ``(ii) provides a 24-7 sobriety program.'';
            (E) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated, by inserting 
        ``and subparagraph (B)'' after ``subparagraph (A)'';
            (F) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated, by inserting 
        ``and subparagraph (B)'' after ``subparagraph (A)'';
            (G) by amending subparagraph (E), as redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
            ``(E) Funding.--
                ``(i) Funding for grants to states with alcohol-
            ignition interlock laws.--Not more than 12 percent of the 
            amounts made available to carry out this subsection in a 
            fiscal year shall be made available by the Secretary for 
            making grants under subparagraph (A).
                ``(ii) Funding for grants to states with 24-7 sobriety 
            programs.--Not more than 3 percent of the amounts made 
            available to carry out this subsection in a fiscal year 
            shall be made available by the Secretary for making grants 
            under subparagraph (B).''; and
            (H) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) Exceptions.--A State alcohol-ignition interlock law 
        under subparagraph (A) may include exceptions for the following 
        circumstances:
                ``(i) The individual is required to operate an 
            employer's motor vehicle in the course and scope of 
            employment and the business entity that owns the vehicle is 
            not owned or controlled by the individual.
                ``(ii) The individual is certified by a medical doctor 
            as being unable to provide a deep lung breath sample for 
            analysis by an ignition interlock device.
                ``(iii) A State-certified ignition interlock provider 
            is not available within 100 miles of the individual's 
            residence.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (7)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i)--

                    (I) by striking ``or a State agency'' and inserting 
                ``or an agency with jurisdiction''; and
                    (II) by inserting ``bond,'' before ``sentence'';

                (ii) in clause (i) by striking ``who plead guilty or'' 
            and inserting ``who was arrested for, plead guilty to, 
            or''; and
                (iii) in clause (ii)(I) by inserting ``at a testing 
            location'' after ``per day''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking the second period at 
        the end.
    (d) Distracted Driving Grants.--Section 405(e) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Distracted Driving Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award a grant under this 
    subsection to any State that includes distracted driving awareness 
    as part of the State's driver's license examination, and enacts and 
    enforces a law that meets the requirements set forth in paragraphs 
    (2) and (3).
        ``(2) Prohibition on texting while driving.--A State law meets 
    the requirements set forth in this paragraph if the law--
            ``(A) prohibits a driver from texting through a personal 
        wireless communications device while driving;
            ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary offense;
            ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a violation of the 
        law; and
            ``(D) does not provide for an exemption that specifically 
        allows a driver to text through a personal wireless 
        communication device while stopped in traffic.
        ``(3) Prohibition on youth cell phone use while driving or 
    stopped in traffic.--A State law meets the requirements set forth 
    in this paragraph if the law--
            ``(A) prohibits a driver from using a personal wireless 
        communications device while driving if the driver is--
                ``(i) younger than 18 years of age; or
                ``(ii) in the learner's permit or intermediate license 
            stage set forth in subsection (g)(2)(B);
            ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary offense;
            ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a violation of the 
        law; and
            ``(D) does not provide for an exemption that specifically 
        allows a driver to text through a personal wireless 
        communication device while stopped in traffic.
        ``(4) Permitted exceptions.--A law that meets the requirements 
    set forth in paragraph (2) or (3) may provide exceptions for--
            ``(A) a driver who uses a personal wireless communications 
        device to contact emergency services;
            ``(B) emergency services personnel who use a personal 
        wireless communications device while--
                ``(i) operating an emergency services vehicle; and
                ``(ii) engaged in the performance of their duties as 
            emergency services personnel;
            ``(C) an individual employed as a commercial motor vehicle 
        driver or a school bus driver who uses a personal wireless 
        communications device within the scope of such individual's 
        employment if such use is permitted under the regulations 
        promulgated pursuant to section 31136 of title 49; and
            ``(D) any additional exceptions determined by the Secretary 
        through a rulemaking process.
        ``(5) Use of grant funds.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        amounts received by a State under this subsection shall be 
        used--
                ``(i) to educate the public through advertising 
            containing information about the dangers of texting or 
            using a cell phone while driving;
                ``(ii) for traffic signs that notify drivers about the 
            distracted driving law of the State; or
                ``(iii) for law enforcement costs related to the 
            enforcement of the distracted driving law.
            ``(B) Flexibility.--

                    ``(i) Not more than 50 percent of amounts received 
                by a State under this subsection may be used for any 
                eligible project or activity under section 402.
                    ``(ii) Not more than 75 percent of amounts received 
                by a State under this subsection may be used for any 
                eligible project or activity under section 402 if the 
                State has conformed its distracted driving data to the 
                most recent Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria 
                published by the Secretary.

        ``(6) Additional distracted driving grants.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), for each 
        of fiscal years 2017 and 2018, the Secretary shall use up to 25 
        percent of the amounts available for grants under this 
        subsection to award grants to any State that--
                ``(i) in fiscal year 2017--

                    ``(I) certifies that it has enacted a basic text 
                messaging statute that--

                        ``(aa) is applicable to drivers of all ages; 
                    and
                        ``(bb) makes violation of the basic text 
                    messaging statute a primary offense or secondary 
                    enforcement action as allowed by State statute; and

                    ``(II) is otherwise ineligible for a grant under 
                this subsection; and

                ``(ii) in fiscal year 2018--

                    ``(I) certifies that it has enacted a basic text 
                messaging statute that--

                        ``(aa) is applicable to drivers of all ages; 
                    and
                        ``(bb) makes violation of the basic text 
                    messaging statute a primary offense;

                    ``(II) imposes fines for violations;
                    ``(III) has a statute that prohibits drivers who 
                are younger than 18 years of age from using a personal 
                wireless communications device while driving; and
                    ``(IV) is otherwise ineligible for a grant under 
                this subsection.

            ``(B) Use of grant funds.--
                ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (5) and 
            subject to clauses (ii) and (iii) of this subparagraph, 
            amounts received by a State under subparagraph (A) may be 
            used for activities related to the enforcement of 
            distracted driving laws, including for public information 
            and awareness purposes.
                ``(ii) Fiscal year 2017.--In fiscal year 2017, up to 15 
            percent of the amounts received by a State under 
            subparagraph (A) may be used for any eligible project or 
            activity under section 402.
                ``(iii) Fiscal year 2018.--In fiscal year 2018, up to 
            25 percent of the amounts received by a State under 
            subparagraph (A) may be used for any eligible project or 
            activity under section 402.
        ``(7) Allocation to support state distracted driving laws.--Of 
    the amounts available under this subsection in a fiscal year for 
    distracted driving grants, the Secretary may expend not more than 
    $5,000,000 for the development and placement of broadcast media to 
    reduce distracted driving of motor vehicles.
        ``(8) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a State 
    under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in proportion to 
    the State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 2009.
        ``(9) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
    definitions apply:
            ``(A) Driving.--The term `driving'--
                ``(i) means operating a motor vehicle on a public road; 
            and
                ``(ii) does not include operating a motor vehicle when 
            the vehicle has pulled over to the side of, or off, an 
            active roadway and has stopped in a location where it can 
            safely remain stationary.
            ``(B) Personal wireless communications device.--The term 
        `personal wireless communications device'--
                ``(i) means a device through which personal wireless 
            services (as defined in section 332(c)(7)(C)(i) of the 
            Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 332(c)(7)(C)(i))) are 
            transmitted; and
                ``(ii) does not include a global navigation satellite 
            system receiver used for positioning, emergency 
            notification, or navigation purposes.
            ``(C) Primary offense.--The term `primary offense' means an 
        offense for which a law enforcement officer may stop a vehicle 
        solely for the purpose of issuing a citation in the absence of 
        evidence of another offense.
            ``(D) Public road.--The term `public road' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 402(c).
            ``(E) Texting.--The term `texting' means reading from or 
        manually entering data into a personal wireless communications 
        device, including doing so for the purpose of SMS texting, 
        emailing, instant messaging, or engaging in any other form of 
        electronic data retrieval or electronic data communication.''.
    (e) Motorcyclist Safety.--Section 405(f) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a State 
    under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in proportion to 
    the State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 2009, 
    except that the amount of a grant awarded to a State for a fiscal 
    year may not exceed 25 percent of the amount apportioned to the 
    State under such section for fiscal year 2009.'';
        (2) in paragraph (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Flexibility.--Not more than 50 percent of grant funds 
        received by a State under this subsection may be used for any 
        eligible project or activity under section 402 if the State is 
        in the lowest 25 percent of all States for motorcycle deaths 
        per 10,000 motorcycle registrations based on the most recent 
        data that conforms with criteria established by the 
        Secretary.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) Share-the-road model language.--Not later than 1 year 
    after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
    update and provide to the States model language, for use in traffic 
    safety education courses, driver's manuals, and other driver 
    training materials, that provides instruction for drivers of motor 
    vehicles on the importance of sharing the road safely with 
    motorcyclists.''.
    (f) Minimum Requirements for State Graduated Driver Licensing 
Incentive Grant Program.--Section 405(g) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``21'' and inserting 
        ``18''; and
            (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
            ``(B) Licensing process.--A State is in compliance with the 
        2-stage licensing process described in this subparagraph if the 
        State's driver's license laws include--
                ``(i) a learner's permit stage that--

                    ``(I) is at least 6 months in duration;
                    ``(II) contains a prohibition on the driver using a 
                personal wireless communications device (as defined in 
                subsection (e)) while driving except under an exception 
                permitted under paragraph (4) of that subsection, and 
                makes a violation of the prohibition a primary offense;
                    ``(III) requires applicants to successfully pass a 
                vision and knowledge assessment prior to receiving a 
                learner's permit;
                    ``(IV) requires that the driver be accompanied and 
                supervised at all times while the driver is operating a 
                motor vehicle by a licensed driver who is at least 21 
                years of age or is a State-certified driving 
                instructor;
                    ``(V) has a requirement that the driver--

                        ``(aa) complete a State-certified driver 
                    education or training course; or
                        ``(bb) obtain at least 50 hours of behind-the-
                    wheel training, with at least 10 hours at night, 
                    with a licensed driver; and

                    ``(VI) remains in effect until the driver--

                        ``(aa) reaches 16 years of age and enters the 
                    intermediate stage; or
                        ``(bb) reaches 18 years of age;
                ``(ii) an intermediate stage that--

                    ``(I) commences immediately after the expiration of 
                the learner's permit stage and successful completion of 
                a driving skills assessment;
                    ``(II) is at least 6 months in duration;
                    ``(III) prohibits the driver from using a personal 
                wireless communications device (as defined in 
                subsection (e)) while driving except under an exception 
                permitted under paragraph (4) of that subsection, and 
                makes a violation of the prohibition a primary offense;
                    ``(IV) for the first 6 months of the intermediate 
                stage, restricts driving at night between the hours of 
                10:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. when not supervised by a 
                licensed driver 21 years of age or older, excluding 
                transportation to work, school, religious activities, 
                or emergencies;
                    ``(V) prohibits the driver from operating a motor 
                vehicle with more than 1 nonfamilial passenger younger 
                than 21 years of age unless a licensed driver who is at 
                least 21 years of age is in the motor vehicle; and
                    ``(VI) remains in effect until the driver reaches 
                17 years of age; and

                ``(iii) learner's permit and intermediate stages that 
            each require, in addition to any other penalties imposed by 
            State law, that the granting of an unrestricted driver's 
            license be automatically delayed for any individual who, 
            during the learner's permit or intermediate stage, is 
            convicted of a driving-related offense during the first 6 
            months, including--

                    ``(I) driving while intoxicated;
                    ``(II) misrepresentation of the individual's age;
                    ``(III) reckless driving;
                    ``(IV) driving without wearing a seat belt;
                    ``(V) speeding; or
                    ``(VI) any other driving-related offense, as 
                determined by the Secretary.''; and

        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) Special rule.--Notwithstanding paragraph (5), up to 100 
    percent of grant funds received by a State under this subsection 
    may be used for any eligible project or activity under section 402, 
    if the State is in the lowest 25 percent of all States for the 
    number of drivers under age 18 involved in fatal crashes in the 
    State per the total number of drivers under age 18 in the State 
    based on the most recent data that conforms with criteria 
    established by the Secretary.''.
    (g) Nonmotorized Safety.--Section 405 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Nonmotorized Safety.--
        ``(1) General authority.--Subject to the requirements under 
    this subsection, the Secretary shall award grants to States for the 
    purpose of decreasing pedestrian and bicycle fatalities and 
    injuries that result from crashes involving a motor vehicle.
        ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
    project carried out by a State using amounts from a grant awarded 
    under this subsection may not exceed 80 percent.
        ``(3) Eligibility.--A State shall receive a grant under this 
    subsection in a fiscal year if the annual combined pedestrian and 
    bicycle fatalities in the State exceed 15 percent of the total 
    annual crash fatalities in the State, based on the most recently 
    reported final data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System.
        ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--Grant funds received by a State 
    under this subsection may be used for--
            ``(A) training of law enforcement officials on State laws 
        applicable to pedestrian and bicycle safety;
            ``(B) enforcement mobilizations and campaigns designed to 
        enforce State traffic laws applicable to pedestrian and bicycle 
        safety; and
            ``(C) public education and awareness programs designed to 
        inform motorists, pedestrians, and bicyclists of State traffic 
        laws applicable to pedestrian and bicycle safety.
        ``(5) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a State 
    under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in proportion to 
    the State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 
    2009.''.
SEC. 4006. TRACKING PROCESS.
    Section 412 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(f) Tracking Process.--The Secretary shall develop a process to 
identify and mitigate possible systemic issues across States and 
regional offices by reviewing oversight findings and recommended 
actions identified in triennial State management reviews.''.
SEC. 4007. STOP MOTORCYCLE CHECKPOINT FUNDING.
    Notwithstanding section 153 of title 23, United States Code, the 
Secretary may not provide a grant or any funds to a State, county, 
town, township, Indian tribe, municipality, or other local government 
that may be used for any program--
        (1) to check helmet usage; or
        (2) to create checkpoints that specifically target motorcycle 
    operators or motorcycle passengers.
SEC. 4008. MARIJUANA-IMPAIRED DRIVING.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with the heads of other 
Federal agencies as appropriate, shall conduct a study on marijuana-
impaired driving.
    (b) Issues To Be Examined.--In conducting the study, the Secretary 
shall examine, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) Methods to detect marijuana-impaired driving, including 
    devices capable of measuring marijuana levels in motor vehicle 
    operators.
        (2) A review of impairment standard research for driving under 
    the influence of marijuana.
        (3) Methods to differentiate the cause of a driving impairment 
    between alcohol and marijuana.
        (4) State-based policies on marijuana-impaired driving.
        (5) The role and extent of marijuana impairment in motor 
    vehicle accidents.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with other 
    Federal agencies as appropriate, shall submit to the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
    and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
    Senate a report on the results of the study.
        (2) Contents.--The report shall include, at a minimum, the 
    following:
            (A) Findings.--The findings of the Secretary based on the 
        study, including, at a minimum, the following:
                (i) An assessment of methodologies and technologies for 
            measuring driver impairment resulting from the use of 
            marijuana, including the use of marijuana in combination 
            with alcohol.
                (ii) A description and assessment of the role of 
            marijuana as a causal factor in traffic crashes and the 
            extent of the problem of marijuana-impaired driving.
                (iii) A description and assessment of current State 
            laws relating to marijuana-impaired driving.
                (iv) A determination whether an impairment standard for 
            drivers under the influence of marijuana is feasible and 
            could reduce vehicle accidents and save lives.
            (B) Recommendations.--The recommendations of the Secretary 
        based on the study, including, at a minimum, the following:
                (i) Effective and efficient methods for training law 
            enforcement personnel, including drug recognition experts, 
            to detect or measure the level of impairment of a motor 
            vehicle operator who is under the influence of marijuana by 
            the use of technology or otherwise.
                (ii) If feasible, an impairment standard for driving 
            under the influence of marijuana.
                (iii) Methodologies for increased data collection 
            regarding the prevalence and effects of marijuana-impaired 
            driving.
    (d) Marijuana Defined.--In this section, the term ``marijuana'' 
includes all substances containing tetrahydrocannabinol.
SEC. 4009. INCREASING PUBLIC AWARENESS OF THE DANGERS OF DRUG-IMPAIRED 
DRIVING.
    (a) Additional Actions.--The Administrator of the National Highway 
Traffic Safety Administration, in consultation with the White House 
Office of National Drug Control Policy, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, State highway safety offices, and other interested 
parties, as determined by the Administrator, shall identify and carry 
out additional actions that should be undertaken by the Administration 
to assist States in their efforts to increase public awareness of the 
dangers of drug-impaired driving, including the dangers of driving 
while under the influence of heroin or prescription opioids.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report that describes the additional actions undertaken by the 
Administration pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 4010. NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY PROGRAM GRANT ELIGIBILITY.
    Not later than 60 days after the date on which the Secretary awards 
grants under section 405 of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary 
shall make available on a publicly available Internet Web site of the 
Department of Transportation--
        (1) an identification of--
            (A) the States that were awarded grants under such section;
            (B) the States that applied and were not awarded grants 
        under such section; and
            (C) the States that did not apply for a grant under such 
        section; and
        (2) a list of deficiencies that made a State ineligible for a 
    grant under such section for each State under paragraph (1)(B).
SEC. 4011. DATA COLLECTION.
    Section 1906 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 402 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) by striking ``(A) has enacted'' and all that follows 
        through ``(B) is maintaining'' and inserting ``is 
        maintaining''; and
            (B) by striking ``and any passengers'';
        (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Use of Grant Funds.--A grant received by a State under 
subsection (a) shall be used by the State for the costs of--
        ``(1) collecting and maintaining data on traffic stops; and
        ``(2) evaluating the results of the data.'';
        (3) by striking subsection (c) and redesignating subsections 
    (d) and (e) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively;
        (4) in subsection (c)(2), as so redesignated, by striking ``A 
    State'' and inserting ``On or after October 1, 2015, a State''; and
        (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
            (A) in the subsection heading by striking ``Authorization 
        of Appropriations'' and inserting ``Funding'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--From funds made available under section 403 
    of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary shall set aside 
    $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020 to carry out 
    this section.'';
            (C) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``authorized by'' and inserting ``made 
            available under''; and
                (ii) by striking ``percent,'' and all that follows 
            through the period at the end and inserting ``percent.''; 
            and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Other uses.--The Secretary may reallocate, before the 
    last day of any fiscal year, amounts remaining available under 
    paragraph (1) to increase the amounts made available to carry out 
    any of other activities authorized under section 403 of title 23, 
    United States Code, in order to ensure, to the maximum extent 
    possible, that all such amounts are obligated during such fiscal 
    year.''.
SEC. 4012. STUDY ON THE NATIONAL ROADSIDE SURVEY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG 
USE BY DRIVERS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Comptroller 
General of the United States reviews and reports on the overall value 
of the National Roadside Survey to researchers and other public safety 
stakeholders, the differences between a National Roadside Survey site 
and typical law enforcement checkpoints, and the effectiveness of the 
National Roadside Survey methodology at protecting the privacy of the 
driving public, as requested by the Committee on Appropriations of the 
Senate on June 5, 2014 (Senate Report 113-182), the Secretary shall 
report to Congress on the National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration's progress toward reviewing that report and implementing 
any recommendations made in that report.
SEC. 4013. BARRIERS TO DATA COLLECTION REPORT.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 
shall submit a report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives that--
        (1) identifies any legal and technical barriers to capturing 
    adequate data on the prevalence of the use of wireless 
    communications devices while driving; and
        (2) provides recommendations on how to address such barriers.
SEC. 4014. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
    Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 402 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``paragraph (3)'' 
            and inserting ``paragraph (2)''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (E)--

                    (I) by striking ``in which'' and inserting ``for 
                which''; and
                    (II) by striking ``under subsection (f)'' and 
                inserting ``under subsection (k)''; and

            (B) in subsection (k)(5), as redesignated by this Act, by 
        striking ``under paragraph (2)(A)'' and inserting ``under 
        paragraph (3)(A)''.
        (2) Section 403(e) is amended by striking ``chapter 301'' and 
    inserting ``chapter 301 of title 49''.
        (3) Section 405 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (d)--
                (i) in paragraph (5) by striking ``under section 
            402(c)'' and inserting ``under section 402''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (6)(D), as redesignated by this Act, 
            by striking ``on the basis of the apportionment formula set 
            forth in section 402(c)'' and inserting ``in proportion to 
            the State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal year 
            2009''; and
            (B) in subsection (f)(4)(A)(iv)--
                (i) by striking ``such as the'' and inserting 
            ``including''; and
                (ii) by striking ``developed under subsection (g)''.
SEC. 4015. EFFECTIVE DATE FOR CERTAIN PROGRAMS.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, except for the 
technical corrections in section 4014, the amendments made by this Act 
to sections 164, 402, and 405 of title 23, United States Code, shall be 
effective on October 1, 2016.

                     TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY
          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

SEC. 5101. GRANTS TO STATES.
    (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program.--Section 31102 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall administer 
a motor carrier safety assistance program funded under section 31104.
    ``(b) Goal.--The goal of the program is to ensure that the 
Secretary, States, local governments, other political jurisdictions, 
federally recognized Indian tribes, and other persons work in 
partnership to establish programs to improve motor carrier, commercial 
motor vehicle, and driver safety to support a safe and efficient 
surface transportation system by--
        ``(1) making targeted investments to promote safe commercial 
    motor vehicle transportation, including the transportation of 
    passengers and hazardous materials;
        ``(2) investing in activities likely to generate maximum 
    reductions in the number and severity of commercial motor vehicle 
    crashes and in fatalities resulting from such crashes;
        ``(3) adopting and enforcing effective motor carrier, 
    commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety regulations and 
    practices consistent with Federal requirements; and
        ``(4) assessing and improving statewide performance by setting 
    program goals and meeting performance standards, measures, and 
    benchmarks.
    ``(c) State Plans.--
        ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
    shall prescribe procedures for a State to submit a multiple-year 
    plan, and annual updates thereto, under which the State agrees to 
    assume responsibility for improving motor carrier safety by 
    adopting and enforcing State regulations, standards, and orders 
    that are compatible with the regulations, standards, and orders of 
    the Federal Government on commercial motor vehicle safety and 
    hazardous materials transportation safety.
        ``(2) Contents.--The Secretary shall approve a State plan if 
    the Secretary determines that the plan is adequate to comply with 
    the requirements of this section, and the plan--
            ``(A) implements performance-based activities, including 
        deployment and maintenance of technology to enhance the 
        efficiency and effectiveness of commercial motor vehicle safety 
        programs;
            ``(B) designates a lead State commercial motor vehicle 
        safety agency responsible for administering the plan throughout 
        the State;
            ``(C) contains satisfactory assurances that the lead State 
        commercial motor vehicle safety agency has or will have the 
        legal authority, resources, and qualified personnel necessary 
        to enforce the regulations, standards, and orders;
            ``(D) contains satisfactory assurances that the State will 
        devote adequate resources to the administration of the plan and 
        enforcement of the regulations, standards, and orders;
            ``(E) provides a right of entry (or other method a State 
        may use that the Secretary determines is adequate to obtain 
        necessary information) and inspection to carry out the plan;
            ``(F) provides that all reports required under this section 
        be available to the Secretary on request;
            ``(G) provides that the lead State commercial motor vehicle 
        safety agency will adopt the reporting requirements and use the 
        forms for recordkeeping, inspections, and investigations that 
        the Secretary prescribes;
            ``(H) requires all registrants of commercial motor vehicles 
        to demonstrate knowledge of applicable safety regulations, 
        standards, and orders of the Federal Government and the State;
            ``(I) provides that the State will grant maximum 
        reciprocity for inspections conducted under the North American 
        Inspection Standards through the use of a nationally accepted 
        system that allows ready identification of previously inspected 
        commercial motor vehicles;
            ``(J) ensures that activities described in subsection (h), 
        if financed through grants to the State made under this 
        section, will not diminish the effectiveness of the development 
        and implementation of the programs to improve motor carrier, 
        commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety as described in 
        subsection (b);
            ``(K) ensures that the lead State commercial motor vehicle 
        safety agency will coordinate the plan, data collection, and 
        information systems with the State highway safety improvement 
        program required under section 148(c) of title 23;
            ``(L) ensures participation in appropriate Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration information technology and data 
        systems and other information systems by all appropriate 
        jurisdictions receiving motor carrier safety assistance program 
        funding;
            ``(M) ensures that information is exchanged among the 
        States in a timely manner;
            ``(N) provides satisfactory assurances that the State will 
        undertake efforts that will emphasize and improve enforcement 
        of State and local traffic safety laws and regulations related 
        to commercial motor vehicle safety;
            ``(O) provides satisfactory assurances that the State will 
        address national priorities and performance goals, including--
                ``(i) activities aimed at removing impaired commercial 
            motor vehicle drivers from the highways of the United 
            States through adequate enforcement of regulations on the 
            use of alcohol and controlled substances and by ensuring 
            ready roadside access to alcohol detection and measuring 
            equipment;
                ``(ii) activities aimed at providing an appropriate 
            level of training to State motor carrier safety assistance 
            program officers and employees on recognizing drivers 
            impaired by alcohol or controlled substances; and
                ``(iii) when conducted with an appropriate commercial 
            motor vehicle inspection, criminal interdiction activities, 
            and appropriate strategies for carrying out those 
            interdiction activities, including interdiction activities 
            that affect the transportation of controlled substances (as 
            defined in section 102 of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse 
            Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 802) and 
            listed in part 1308 of title 21, Code of Federal 
            Regulations, as updated and republished from time to time) 
            by any occupant of a commercial motor vehicle;
            ``(P) provides that the State has established and dedicated 
        sufficient resources to a program to ensure that--
                ``(i) the State collects and reports to the Secretary 
            accurate, complete, and timely motor carrier safety data; 
            and
                ``(ii) the State participates in a national motor 
            carrier safety data correction system prescribed by the 
            Secretary;
            ``(Q) ensures that the State will cooperate in the 
        enforcement of financial responsibility requirements under 
        sections 13906, 31138, and 31139 and regulations issued under 
        those sections;
            ``(R) ensures consistent, effective, and reasonable 
        sanctions;
            ``(S) ensures that roadside inspections will be conducted 
        at locations that are adequate to protect the safety of drivers 
        and enforcement personnel;
            ``(T) provides that the State will include in the training 
        manuals for the licensing examination to drive noncommercial 
        motor vehicles and commercial motor vehicles information on 
        best practices for driving safely in the vicinity of 
        noncommercial and commercial motor vehicles;
            ``(U) provides that the State will enforce the registration 
        requirements of sections 13902 and 31134 by prohibiting the 
        operation of any vehicle discovered to be operated by a motor 
        carrier without a registration issued under those sections or 
        to be operated beyond the scope of the motor carrier's 
        registration;
            ``(V) provides that the State will conduct comprehensive 
        and highly visible traffic enforcement and commercial motor 
        vehicle safety inspection programs in high-risk locations and 
        corridors;
            ``(W) except in the case of an imminent hazard or obvious 
        safety hazard, ensures that an inspection of a vehicle 
        transporting passengers for a motor carrier of passengers is 
        conducted at a bus station, terminal, border crossing, 
        maintenance facility, destination, or other location where a 
        motor carrier may make a planned stop (excluding a weigh 
        station);
            ``(X) ensures that the State will transmit to its roadside 
        inspectors notice of each Federal exemption granted under 
        section 31315(b) of this title and sections 390.23 and 390.25 
        of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, and provided to the 
        State by the Secretary, including the name of the person that 
        received the exemption and any terms and conditions that apply 
        to the exemption;
            ``(Y) except as provided in subsection (d), provides that 
        the State--
                ``(i) will conduct safety audits of interstate and, at 
            the State's discretion, intrastate new entrant motor 
            carriers under section 31144(g); and
                ``(ii) if the State authorizes a third party to conduct 
            safety audits under section 31144(g) on its behalf, the 
            State verifies the quality of the work conducted and 
            remains solely responsible for the management and oversight 
            of the activities;
            ``(Z) provides that the State agrees to fully participate 
        in the performance and registration information systems 
        management under section 31106(b) not later than October 1, 
        2020, by complying with the conditions for participation under 
        paragraph (3) of that section, or demonstrates to the Secretary 
        an alternative approach for identifying and immobilizing a 
        motor carrier with serious safety deficiencies in a manner that 
        provides an equivalent level of safety;
            ``(AA) in the case of a State that shares a land border 
        with another country, provides that the State--
                ``(i) will conduct a border commercial motor vehicle 
            safety program focusing on international commerce that 
            includes enforcement and related projects; or
                ``(ii) will forfeit all funds calculated by the 
            Secretary based on border-related activities if the State 
            declines to conduct the program described in clause (i) in 
            its plan; and
            ``(BB) in the case of a State that meets the other 
        requirements of this section and agrees to comply with the 
        requirements established in subsection (l)(3), provides that 
        the State may fund operation and maintenance costs associated 
        with innovative technology deployment under subsection (l)(3) 
        with motor carrier safety assistance program funds authorized 
        under section 31104(a)(1).
        ``(3) Publication.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
        Secretary shall publish each approved State multiple-year plan, 
        and each annual update thereto, on a publically accessible 
        Internet Web site of the Department of Transportation not later 
        than 30 days after the date the Secretary approves the plan or 
        update.
            ``(B) Limitation.--Before publishing an approved State 
        multiple-year plan or annual update under subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary shall redact any information identified by the State 
        that, if disclosed--
                ``(i) would reasonably be expected to interfere with 
            enforcement proceedings; or
                ``(ii) would reveal enforcement techniques or 
            procedures that would reasonably be expected to risk 
            circumvention of the law.
    ``(d) Exclusion of U.S. Territories.--The requirement that a State 
conduct safety audits of new entrant motor carriers under subsection 
(c)(2)(Y) does not apply to a territory of the United States unless 
required by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Intrastate Compatibility.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations specifying tolerance guidelines and standards for ensuring 
compatibility of intrastate commercial motor vehicle safety laws, 
including regulations, with Federal motor carrier safety regulations to 
be enforced under subsections (b) and (c). To the extent practicable, 
the guidelines and standards shall allow for maximum flexibility while 
ensuring a degree of uniformity that will not diminish motor vehicle 
safety.
    ``(f) Maintenance of Effort.--
        ``(1) Baseline.--Except as provided under paragraphs (2) and 
    (3) and in accordance with section 5107 of the FAST Act, a State 
    plan under subsection (c) shall provide that the total expenditure 
    of amounts of the lead State commercial motor vehicle safety agency 
    responsible for administering the plan will be maintained at a 
    level each fiscal year that is at least equal to--
            ``(A) the average level of that expenditure for fiscal 
        years 2004 and 2005; or
            ``(B) the level of that expenditure for the year in which 
        the Secretary implements a new allocation formula under section 
        5106 of the FAST Act.
        ``(2) Adjusted baseline after fiscal year 2017.--At the request 
    of a State, the Secretary may evaluate additional documentation 
    related to the maintenance of effort and may make reasonable 
    adjustments to the maintenance of effort baseline after the year in 
    which the Secretary implements a new allocation formula under 
    section 5106 of the FAST Act, and this adjusted baseline will 
    replace the maintenance of effort requirement under paragraph (1).
        ``(3) Waivers.--At the request of a State, the Secretary may 
    waive or modify the requirements of this subsection for a total of 
    1 fiscal year if the Secretary determines that the waiver or 
    modification is reasonable, based on circumstances described by the 
    State, to ensure the continuation of commercial motor vehicle 
    enforcement activities in the State.
        ``(4) Level of state expenditures.--In estimating the average 
    level of a State's expenditures under paragraph (1), the 
    Secretary--
            ``(A) may allow the State to exclude State expenditures for 
        federally sponsored demonstration and pilot programs and strike 
        forces;
            ``(B) may allow the State to exclude expenditures for 
        activities related to border enforcement and new entrant safety 
        audits; and
            ``(C) shall require the State to exclude State matching 
        amounts used to receive Federal financing under section 31104.
    ``(g) Use of Unified Carrier Registration Fees Agreement.--Amounts 
generated under section 14504a and received by a State and used for 
motor carrier safety purposes may be included as part of the State's 
match required under section 31104 or maintenance of effort required by 
subsection (f).
    ``(h) Use of Grants To Enforce Other Laws.--When approved as part 
of a State's plan under subsection (c), the State may use motor carrier 
safety assistance program funds received under this section--
        ``(1) if the activities are carried out in conjunction with an 
    appropriate inspection of a commercial motor vehicle to enforce 
    Federal or State commercial motor vehicle safety regulations, for--
            ``(A) enforcement of commercial motor vehicle size and 
        weight limitations at locations, excluding fixed-weight 
        facilities, such as near steep grades or mountainous terrains, 
        where the weight of a commercial motor vehicle can 
        significantly affect the safe operation of the vehicle, or at 
        ports where intermodal shipping containers enter and leave the 
        United States; and
            ``(B) detection of and enforcement actions taken as a 
        result of criminal activity, including the trafficking of human 
        beings, in a commercial motor vehicle or by any occupant, 
        including the operator, of the commercial motor vehicle; and
        ``(2) for documented enforcement of State traffic laws and 
    regulations designed to promote the safe operation of commercial 
    motor vehicles, including documented enforcement of such laws and 
    regulations relating to noncommercial motor vehicles when necessary 
    to promote the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles, if--
            ``(A) the number of motor carrier safety activities, 
        including roadside safety inspections, conducted in the State 
        is maintained at a level at least equal to the average level of 
        such activities conducted in the State in fiscal years 2004 and 
        2005; and
            ``(B) the State does not use more than 10 percent of the 
        basic amount the State receives under a grant awarded under 
        section 31104(a)(1) for enforcement activities relating to 
        noncommercial motor vehicles necessary to promote the safe 
        operation of commercial motor vehicles unless the Secretary 
        determines that a higher percentage will result in significant 
        increases in commercial motor vehicle safety.
    ``(i) Evaluation of Plans and Award of Grants.--
        ``(1) Awards.--The Secretary shall establish criteria for the 
    application, evaluation, and approval of State plans under this 
    section. Subject to subsection (j), the Secretary may allocate the 
    amounts made available under section 31104(a)(1) among the States.
        ``(2) Opportunity to cure.--If the Secretary disapproves a plan 
    under this section, the Secretary shall give the State a written 
    explanation of the reasons for disapproval and allow the State to 
    modify and resubmit the plan for approval.
    ``(j) Allocation of Funds.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, by regulation, shall 
    prescribe allocation criteria for funds made available under 
    section 31104(a)(1).
        ``(2) Annual allocations.--On October 1 of each fiscal year, or 
    as soon as practicable thereafter, and after making a deduction 
    under section 31104(c), the Secretary shall allocate amounts made 
    available under section 31104(a)(1) to carry out this section for 
    the fiscal year among the States with plans approved under this 
    section in accordance with the criteria prescribed under paragraph 
    (1).
        ``(3) Elective adjustments.--Subject to the availability of 
    funding and notwithstanding fluctuations in the data elements used 
    by the Secretary to calculate the annual allocation amounts, after 
    the creation of a new allocation formula under section 5106 of the 
    FAST Act, the Secretary may not make elective adjustments to the 
    allocation formula that decrease a State's Federal funding levels 
    by more than 3 percent in a fiscal year. The 3 percent limit shall 
    not apply to the withholding provisions of subsection (k).
    ``(k) Plan Monitoring.--
        ``(1) In general.--On the basis of reports submitted by the 
    lead State agency responsible for administering a State plan 
    approved under this section and an investigation by the Secretary, 
    the Secretary shall periodically evaluate State implementation of 
    and compliance with the State plan.
        ``(2) Withholding of funds.--
            ``(A) Disapproval.--If, after notice and an opportunity to 
        be heard, the Secretary finds that a State plan previously 
        approved under this section is not being followed or has become 
        inadequate to ensure enforcement of State regulations, 
        standards, or orders described in subsection (c)(1), or the 
        State is otherwise not in compliance with the requirements of 
        this section, the Secretary may withdraw approval of the State 
        plan and notify the State. Upon the receipt of such notice, the 
        State plan shall no longer be in effect and the Secretary shall 
        withhold all funding to the State under this section.
            ``(B) Noncompliance withholding.--In lieu of withdrawing 
        approval of a State plan under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
        may, after providing notice to the State and an opportunity to 
        be heard, withhold funding from the State to which the State 
        would otherwise be entitled under this section for the period 
        of the State's noncompliance. In exercising this option, the 
        Secretary may withhold--
                ``(i) up to 5 percent of funds during the fiscal year 
            that the Secretary notifies the State of its noncompliance;
                ``(ii) up to 10 percent of funds for the first full 
            fiscal year of noncompliance;
                ``(iii) up to 25 percent of funds for the second full 
            fiscal year of noncompliance; and
                ``(iv) not more than 50 percent of funds for the third 
            and any subsequent full fiscal year of noncompliance.
        ``(3) Judicial review.--A State adversely affected by a 
    determination under paragraph (2) may seek judicial review under 
    chapter 7 of title 5. Notwithstanding the disapproval of a State 
    plan under paragraph (2)(A) or the withholding of funds under 
    paragraph (2)(B), the State may retain jurisdiction in an 
    administrative or a judicial proceeding that commenced before the 
    notice of disapproval or withholding if the issues involved are not 
    related directly to the reasons for the disapproval or withholding.
    ``(l) High Priority Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall administer a high 
    priority program funded under section 31104(a)(2) for the purposes 
    described in paragraphs (2) and (3).
        ``(2) Activities related to motor carrier safety.--The 
    Secretary may make discretionary grants to and enter into 
    cooperative agreements with States, local governments, federally 
    recognized Indian tribes, other political jurisdictions as 
    necessary, and any person to carry out high priority activities and 
    projects that augment motor carrier safety activities and projects 
    planned in accordance with subsections (b) and (c), including 
    activities and projects that--
            ``(A) increase public awareness and education on commercial 
        motor vehicle safety;
            ``(B) target unsafe driving of commercial motor vehicles 
        and noncommercial motor vehicles in areas identified as high 
        risk crash corridors;
            ``(C) improve the safe and secure movement of hazardous 
        materials;
            ``(D) improve safe transportation of goods and persons in 
        foreign commerce;
            ``(E) demonstrate new technologies to improve commercial 
        motor vehicle safety;
            ``(F) support participation in performance and registration 
        information systems management under section 31106(b)--
                ``(i) for entities not responsible for submitting the 
            plan under subsection (c); or
                ``(ii) for entities responsible for submitting the plan 
            under subsection (c)--

                    ``(I) before October 1, 2020, to achieve compliance 
                with the requirements of participation; and
                    ``(II) beginning on October 1, 2020, or once 
                compliance is achieved, whichever is sooner, for 
                special initiatives or projects that exceed routine 
                operations required for participation;

            ``(G) conduct safety data improvement projects--
                ``(i) that complete or exceed the requirements under 
            subsection (c)(2)(P) for entities not responsible for 
            submitting the plan under subsection (c); or
                ``(ii) that exceed the requirements under subsection 
            (c)(2)(P) for entities responsible for submitting the plan 
            under subsection (c); and
            ``(H) otherwise improve commercial motor vehicle safety and 
        compliance with commercial motor vehicle safety regulations.
        ``(3) Innovative technology deployment grant program.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        innovative technology deployment grant program to make 
        discretionary grants to eligible States for the innovative 
        technology deployment of commercial motor vehicle information 
        systems and networks.
            ``(B) Purposes.--The purposes of the program shall be--
                ``(i) to advance the technological capability and 
            promote the deployment of intelligent transportation system 
            applications for commercial motor vehicle operations, 
            including commercial motor vehicle, commercial driver, and 
            carrier-specific information systems and networks; and
                ``(ii) to support and maintain commercial motor vehicle 
            information systems and networks--

                    ``(I) to link Federal motor carrier safety 
                information systems with State commercial motor vehicle 
                systems;
                    ``(II) to improve the safety and productivity of 
                commercial motor vehicles and drivers; and
                    ``(III) to reduce costs associated with commercial 
                motor vehicle operations and Federal and State 
                commercial motor vehicle regulatory requirements.

            ``(C) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
        paragraph, a State shall--
                ``(i) have a commercial motor vehicle information 
            systems and networks program plan approved by the Secretary 
            that describes the various systems and networks at the 
            State level that need to be refined, revised, upgraded, or 
            built to accomplish deployment of commercial motor vehicle 
            information systems and networks capabilities;
                ``(ii) certify to the Secretary that its commercial 
            motor vehicle information systems and networks deployment 
            activities, including hardware procurement, software and 
            system development, and infrastructure modifications--

                    ``(I) are consistent with the national intelligent 
                transportation systems and commercial motor vehicle 
                information systems and networks architectures and 
                available standards; and
                    ``(II) promote interoperability and efficiency to 
                the extent practicable; and

                ``(iii) agree to execute interoperability tests 
            developed by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
            Administration to verify that its systems conform with the 
            national intelligent transportation systems architecture, 
            applicable standards, and protocols for commercial motor 
            vehicle information systems and networks.
            ``(D) Use of funds.--Grant funds received under this 
        paragraph may be used--
                ``(i) for deployment activities and activities to 
            develop new and innovative advanced technology solutions 
            that support commercial motor vehicle information systems 
            and networks;
                ``(ii) for planning activities, including the 
            development or updating of program or top level design 
            plans in order to become eligible or maintain eligibility 
            under subparagraph (C); and
                ``(iii) for the operation and maintenance costs 
            associated with innovative technology.
            ``(E) Secretary authorization.--The Secretary is authorized 
        to award a State funding for the operation and maintenance 
        costs associated with innovative technology deployment with 
        funds made available under sections 31104(a)(1) and 
        31104(a)(2).''.
    (b) Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators Grant Program.--Section 
31103 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall administer a commercial 
motor vehicle operators grant program funded under section 31104.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the grant program is to train 
individuals in the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles (as 
defined in section 31301).
    ``(c) Veterans.--In administering grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall award priority to grant applications for programs to 
train former members of the armed forces (as defined in section 101 of 
title 10) in the safe operation of such vehicles.''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 31104 of title 49, 
United States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended on the 
effective date set forth in subsection (f) to read as follows:
``Sec. 31104. Authorization of appropriations
    ``(a) Financial Assistance Programs.--The following sums are 
authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account):
        ``(1) Motor carrier safety assistance program.--Subject to 
    paragraph (2) and subsection (c), to carry out section 31102 
    (except subsection (l))--
            ``(A) $292,600,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(B) $298,900,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(C) $304,300,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(D) $308,700,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        ``(2) High priority activities program.--Subject to subsection 
    (c), to carry out section 31102(l)--
            ``(A) $42,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(B) $43,100,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(C) $44,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(D) $44,900,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        ``(3) Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program.--To 
    carry out section 31103--
            ``(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(B) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(C) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(D) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        ``(4) Commercial driver's license program implementation 
    program.--Subject to subsection (c), to carry out section 31313--
            ``(A) $31,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(B) $31,800,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(C) $32,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(D) $33,200,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    ``(b) Reimbursement and Payment to Recipients for Government Share 
of Costs.--
        ``(1) In general.--Amounts made available under subsection (a) 
    shall be used to reimburse financial assistance recipients 
    proportionally for the Federal Government's share of the costs 
    incurred.
        ``(2) Reimbursement amounts.--The Secretary shall reimburse a 
    recipient, in accordance with a financial assistance agreement made 
    under section 31102, 31103, or 31313, an amount that is at least 85 
    percent of the costs incurred by the recipient in a fiscal year in 
    developing and implementing programs under such sections. The 
    Secretary shall pay the recipient an amount not more than the 
    Federal Government share of the total costs approved by the Federal 
    Government in the financial assistance agreement. The Secretary 
    shall include a recipient's in-kind contributions in determining 
    the reimbursement.
        ``(3) Vouchers.--Each recipient shall submit vouchers at least 
    quarterly for costs the recipient incurs in developing and 
    implementing programs under sections 31102, 31103, and 31313.
    ``(c) Deductions for Partner Training and Program Support.--On 
October 1 of each fiscal year, or as soon after that date as 
practicable, the Secretary may deduct from amounts made available under 
paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subsection (a) for that fiscal year not 
more than 1.50 percent of those amounts for partner training and 
program support in that fiscal year. The Secretary shall use at least 
75 percent of those deducted amounts to train non-Federal Government 
employees and to develop related training materials in carrying out 
such programs.
    ``(d) Grants and Cooperative Agreements as Contractual 
Obligations.--The approval of a financial assistance agreement by the 
Secretary under section 31102, 31103, or 31313 is a contractual 
obligation of the Federal Government for payment of the Federal 
Government's share of costs in carrying out the provisions of the grant 
or cooperative agreement.
    ``(e) Eligible Activities.--The Secretary shall establish criteria 
for eligible activities to be funded with financial assistance 
agreements under this section and publish those criteria in a notice of 
funding availability before the financial assistance program 
application period.
    ``(f) Period of Availability of Financial Assistance Agreement 
Funds for Recipient Expenditures.--The period of availability for a 
recipient to expend funds under a grant or cooperative agreement 
authorized under subsection (a) is as follows:
        ``(1) For grants made for carrying out section 31102, other 
    than section 31102(l), for the fiscal year in which the Secretary 
    approves the financial assistance agreement and for the next fiscal 
    year.
        ``(2) For grants made or cooperative agreements entered into 
    for carrying out section 31102(l)(2), for the fiscal year in which 
    the Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement and for 
    the next 2 fiscal years.
        ``(3) For grants made for carrying out section 31102(l)(3), for 
    the fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the financial 
    assistance agreement and for the next 4 fiscal years.
        ``(4) For grants made for carrying out section 31103, for the 
    fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the financial 
    assistance agreement and for the next fiscal year.
        ``(5) For grants made or cooperative agreements entered into 
    for carrying out section 31313, for the fiscal year in which the 
    Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement and for the 
    next 4 fiscal years.
    ``(g) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--Amounts 
authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) by this section shall be available for obligation on the date 
of their apportionment or allocation or on October 1 of the fiscal year 
for which they are authorized, whichever occurs first.
    ``(h) Availability of Funding.--Amounts made available under this 
section shall remain available until expended.
    ``(i) Reallocation.--Amounts not expended by a recipient during the 
period of availability shall be released back to the Secretary for 
reallocation for any purpose under section 31102, 31103, or 31313 or 
this section to ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that all such 
amounts are obligated.''.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the items relating to 
sections 31102, 31103, and 31104 and inserting the following:

``31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program.
``31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program.
``31104. Authorization of appropriations.''.

    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Safety fitness of owners and operator; safety reviews of 
    new operators.--Section 31144(g) of title 49, United States Code, 
    is amended by striking paragraph (5).
        (2) Information systems; performance and registration 
    information program.--Section 31106(b) of title 49, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking paragraph (4).
        (3) Border enforcement grants.--Section 31107 of title 49, 
    United States Code, and the item relating to that section in the 
    analysis for chapter 311 of that title, are repealed.
        (4) Performance and registration information system 
    management.--Section 31109 of title 49, United States Code, and the 
    item relating to that section in the analysis for chapter 311 of 
    that title, are repealed.
        (5) Commercial vehicle information systems and networks 
    deployment.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31106 note), and 
    the item relating to that section in the table of contents 
    contained in section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
        (6) Safety data improvement program.--Section 4128 of SAFETEA-
    LU (49 U.S.C. 31100 note), and the item relating to that section in 
    the table of contents contained in section 1(b) of that Act, are 
    repealed.
        (7) Grant program for commercial motor vehicle operators.--
    Section 4134 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 note), and the item 
    relating to that section in the table of contents contained in 
    section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
        (8) Maintenance of effort as condition on grants to states.--
    Section 103(c) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 
    (49 U.S.C. 31102 note) is repealed.
        (9) State compliance with cdl requirements.--Section 103(e) of 
    the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31102 
    note) is repealed.
        (10) Border staffing standards.--Section 218(d) of the Motor 
    Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31133 note) is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``section 31104(f)(2)(B) 
        of title 49, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 
        31104(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (3).
        (11) Winter home heating oil delivery state flexibility 
    program.--Section 346 of the National Highway System Designation 
    Act of 1995 (49 U.S.C. 31166 note), and the item relating to that 
    section in the table of contents in section 1(b) of that Act, are 
    repealed.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2016.
    (g) Transition.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by this 
section, the Secretary shall carry out sections 31102, 31103, and 31104 
of title 49, United States Code, and any sections repealed under 
subsection (e), as necessary, as those sections were in effect on the 
day before October 1, 2016, with respect to applications for grants, 
cooperative agreements, or contracts under those sections submitted 
before October 1, 2016.
SEC. 5102. PERFORMANCE AND REGISTRATION INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT.
    Section 31106(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended in the 
subsection heading by striking ``Program'' and inserting ``Systems 
Management''.
SEC. 5103. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 311 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 31110. Authorization of appropriations
    ``(a) Administrative Expenses.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) for the Secretary of Transportation to pay administrative 
expenses of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration--
        ``(1) $267,400,000 for fiscal year 2016;
        ``(2) $277,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
        ``(3) $283,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
        ``(4) $284,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
        ``(5) $288,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--The funds authorized by this section shall be 
used for--
        ``(1) personnel costs;
        ``(2) administrative infrastructure;
        ``(3) rent;
        ``(4) information technology;
        ``(5) programs for research and technology, information 
    management, regulatory development, and the administration of 
    performance and registration information systems management under 
    section 31106(b);
        ``(6) programs for outreach and education under subsection (c);
        ``(7) other operating expenses;
        ``(8) conducting safety reviews of new operators; and
        ``(9) such other expenses as may from time to time become 
    necessary to implement statutory mandates of the Federal Motor 
    Carrier Safety Administration not funded from other sources.
    ``(c) Outreach and Education Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may conduct, through any 
    combination of grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other 
    activities, an internal and external outreach and education program 
    to be administered by the Administrator of the Federal Motor 
    Carrier Safety Administration.
        ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of an outreach and 
    education project for which a grant, contract, or cooperative 
    agreement is made under this subsection may be up to 100 percent of 
    the cost of the project.
        ``(3) Funding.--From amounts made available under subsection 
    (a), the Secretary shall make available not more than $4,000,000 
    each fiscal year to carry out this subsection.
    ``(d) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--Amounts 
authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) by this section shall be available for obligation on the date 
of their apportionment or allocation or on October 1 of the fiscal year 
for which they are authorized, whichever occurs first.
    ``(e) Funding Availability.--Amounts made available under this 
section shall remain available until expended.
    ``(f) Contractual Obligation.--The approval of funds by the 
Secretary under this section is a contractual obligation of the Federal 
Government for payment of the Federal Government's share of costs.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end of the items 
relating to subchapter I the following:

``31110. Authorization of appropriations.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Administrative expenses; authorization of appropriations.--
    Section 31104 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (i); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (j) and (k) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectively.
        (2) Use of amounts made available under subsection (i).--
    Section 4116(d) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31104 note) is amended by 
    striking ``section 31104(i)'' and inserting ``section 31110''.
        (3) International cooperation.--Section 31161 of title 49, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 31104(i)'' and 
    inserting ``section 31110''.
        (4) SAFETEA-LU; outreach and education.--Section 4127 of 
    SAFETEA-LU (119 Stat. 1741; Public Law 109-59), and the item 
    relating to that section in the table of contents contained in 
    section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
SEC. 5104. COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION.
    (a) In General.--Section 31313 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation 
     financial assistance program
    ``(a) Financial Assistance Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
    administer a financial assistance program for commercial driver's 
    license program implementation for the purposes described in 
    paragraphs (2) and (3).
        ``(2) State commercial driver's license program implementation 
    grants.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary may make a 
    grant to a State agency in a fiscal year--
            ``(A) to assist the State in complying with the 
        requirements of section 31311; and
            ``(B) in the case of a State that is making a good faith 
        effort toward substantial compliance with the requirements of 
        section 31311, to improve the State's implementation of its 
        commercial driver's license program, including expenses--
                ``(i) for computer hardware and software;
                ``(ii) for publications, testing, personnel, training, 
            and quality control;
                ``(iii) for commercial driver's license program 
            coordinators; and
                ``(iv) to implement or maintain a system to notify an 
            employer of an operator of a commercial motor vehicle of 
            the suspension or revocation of the operator's commercial 
            driver's license consistent with the standards developed 
            under section 32303(b) of the Commercial Motor Vehicle 
            Safety Enhancement Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 31304 note).
        ``(3) Priority activities.--The Secretary may make a grant to 
    or enter into a cooperative agreement with a State agency, local 
    government, or any person in a fiscal year for research, 
    development and testing, demonstration projects, public education, 
    and other special activities and projects relating to commercial 
    drivers licensing and motor vehicle safety that--
            ``(A) benefit all jurisdictions of the United States;
            ``(B) address national safety concerns and circumstances;
            ``(C) address emerging issues relating to commercial 
        driver's license improvements;
            ``(D) support innovative ideas and solutions to commercial 
        driver's license program issues; or
            ``(E) address other commercial driver's license issues, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Prohibitions.--A recipient may not use financial assistance 
funds awarded under this section to rent, lease, or buy land or 
buildings.
    ``(c) Report.--The Secretary shall issue an annual report on the 
activities carried out under this section.
    ``(d) Apportionment.--All amounts made available to carry out this 
section for a fiscal year shall be apportioned to a recipient described 
in subsection (a)(3) according to criteria prescribed by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Funding.--For fiscal years beginning after September 30, 
2016, this section shall be funded under section 31104.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 313 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
31313 and inserting the following:

``31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation financial 
          assistance program.''.
SEC. 5105. EXTENSION OF FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PROGRAMS FOR 
FISCAL YEAR 2016.
    (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program Grant Extension.--
Section 31104(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (10) and (11) and inserting the following:
        ``(10) $218,000,000 for fiscal year 2015; and
        ``(11) $218,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.''.
    (b) Extension of Grant Programs.--Section 4101(c) of SAFETEA-LU 
(119 Stat. 1715; Public Law 109-59) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--The following sums are 
authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account):
        ``(1) Commercial driver's license program improvement grants.--
    For carrying out the commercial driver's license program 
    improvement grants program under section 31313 of title 49, United 
    States Code, $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
        ``(2) Border enforcement grants.--For border enforcement grants 
    under section 31107 of that title $32,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
        ``(3) Performance and registration information systems 
    management grant program.--For the performance and registration 
    information systems management grant program under section 31109 of 
    that title $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
        ``(4) Commercial vehicle information systems and networks 
    deployment.--For carrying out the commercial vehicle information 
    systems and networks deployment program under section 4126 of this 
    Act $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
        ``(5) Safety data improvement grants.--For safety data 
    improvement grants under section 4128 of this Act $3,000,000 for 
    fiscal year 2016.''.
    (c) High-Priority Activities.--Section 31104(j)(2) of title 49, 
United States Code, as redesignated by this subtitle, is amended by 
striking ``2015'' the first place it appears and all that follows 
through ``for States,'' and inserting ``2016 for States,''.
    (d) New Entrant Audits.--Section 31144(g)(5)(B) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(B) Set aside.--The Secretary shall set aside from 
        amounts made available under section 31104(a) up to $32,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2016 for audits of new entrant motor carriers 
        conducted under this paragraph.''.
    (e) Grant Program for Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators.--Section 
4134(c) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(c) Funding.--From amounts made available under section 31110 of 
title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall make available, 
$1,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 to carry out this section.''.
    (f) Commercial Vehicle Information Systems and Networks 
Deployment.--
        (1) In general.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31106 
    note; 119 Stat. 1738; Public Law 109-59) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (c)--
                (i) in paragraph (2) by adding at the end the 
            following: ``Funds deobligated by the Secretary from 
            previous year grants shall not be counted toward the 
            $2,500,000 maximum aggregate amount for core deployment.''; 
            and
                (ii) in paragraph (3) by adding at the end the 
            following: ``Funds may also be used for planning 
            activities, including the development or updating of 
            program or top level design plans.''; and
            (B) in subsection (d)(4) by adding at the end the 
        following: ``Funds may also be used for planning activities, 
        including the development or updating of program or top level 
        design plans.''.
        (2) Innovative technology deployment program.--For fiscal year 
    2016, the commercial vehicle information systems and networks 
    deployment program under section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (119 Stat. 
    1738; Public Law 109-59) may also be referred to as the innovative 
    technology deployment program.
SEC. 5106. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ALLOCATION.
    (a) Working Group.--
        (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a motor 
    carrier safety assistance program formula working group (in this 
    section referred to as the ``working group'').
        (2) Membership.--
            (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the working 
        group shall consist of representatives of the following:
                (i) The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
                (ii) The lead State commercial motor vehicle safety 
            agencies responsible for administering the plan required by 
            section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.
                (iii) An organization representing State agencies 
            responsible for enforcing a program for inspection of 
            commercial motor vehicles.
                (iv) Such other persons as the Secretary considers 
            necessary.
            (B) Composition.--Representatives of State commercial motor 
        vehicle safety agencies shall comprise at least 51 percent of 
        the membership.
        (3) New allocation formula.--The working group shall analyze 
    requirements and factors for the establishment of a new allocation 
    formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program under 
    section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.
        (4) Recommendation.--Not later than 1 year after the date the 
    working group is established under paragraph (1), the working group 
    shall make a recommendation to the Secretary regarding a new 
    allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program.
        (5) Exemption.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
    App.) shall not apply to the working group established under this 
    subsection.
        (6) Publication.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
    Carrier Safety Administration shall publish on a publicly 
    accessible Internet Web site of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
    Administration--
            (A) detailed summaries of the meetings of the working 
        group; and
            (B) the final recommendation of the working group provided 
        to the Secretary.
    (b) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.--After receiving the 
recommendation of the working group under subsection (a)(4), the 
Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a notice seeking public 
comment on the establishment of a new allocation formula for the motor 
carrier safety assistance program.
    (c) Basis for Formula.--The Secretary shall ensure that the new 
allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program is 
based on factors that reflect, at a minimum--
        (1) the relative needs of the States to comply with section 
    31102 of title 49, United States Code;
        (2) the relative administrative capacities of and challenges 
    faced by States in complying with that section;
        (3) the average of each State's new entrant motor carrier 
    inventory for the 3-year period prior to the date of enactment of 
    this Act;
        (4) the number of international border inspection facilities 
    and border crossings by commercial vehicles in each State; and
        (5) any other factors the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (d) Funding Amounts Prior to Development of New Allocation 
Formula.--
        (1) Interim formula.--Prior to the development of the new 
    allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program, 
    the Secretary may calculate the interim funding amounts for that 
    program in fiscal year 2017 (and later fiscal years, as necessary) 
    under section 31104(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code, as 
    amended by this subtitle, by using the following methodology:
            (A) The Secretary shall calculate the funding amount to a 
        State using the allocation formula the Secretary used to award 
        motor carrier safety assistance program funding in fiscal year 
        2016 under section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.
            (B) The Secretary shall average the funding awarded or 
        other equitable amounts to a State in fiscal years 2013, 2014, 
        and 2015 for--
                (i) border enforcement grants under section 31107 of 
            title 49, United States Code; and
                (ii) new entrant audit grants under section 31144(g)(5) 
            of that title.
            (C) The Secretary shall add the amounts calculated in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B).
        (2) Adjustments.--Subject to the availability of funding and 
    notwithstanding fluctuations in the data elements used by the 
    Secretary, the initial amounts resulting from the calculation 
    described in paragraph (1) shall be adjusted to ensure that, for 
    each State, the amount shall not be less than 97 percent of the 
    average amount of funding received or other equitable amounts in 
    fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for--
            (A) motor carrier safety assistance program funds awarded 
        to the State under section 31102 of title 49, United States 
        Code;
            (B) border enforcement grants awarded to the State under 
        section 31107 of title 49, United States Code; and
            (C) new entrant audit grants awarded to the State under 
        section 31144(g)(5) of title 49, United States Code.
        (3) Immediate relief.--On the date of enactment of this Act, 
    and for the 3 fiscal years following the implementation of the new 
    allocation formula, the Secretary shall terminate the withholding 
    of motor carrier safety assistance program funds from a State if 
    the State was subject to the withholding of such funds for matters 
    of noncompliance immediately prior to the date of enactment of this 
    Act.
        (4) Future withholdings.--Beginning on the date that the new 
    allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program 
    is implemented, the Secretary shall impose all future withholdings 
    in accordance with section 31102(k) of title 49, United States 
    Code, as amended by this subtitle.
    (e) Termination of Working Group.--The working group established 
under subsection (a) shall terminate on the date of the implementation 
of the new allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
program.
SEC. 5107. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT CALCULATION.
    (a) Before New Allocation Formula.--
        (1) Fiscal year 2017.--If a new allocation formula for the 
    motor carrier safety assistance program has not been established 
    under this subtitle for fiscal year 2017, the Secretary shall 
    calculate for fiscal year 2017 the maintenance of effort baseline 
    required under section 31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, as 
    amended by this subtitle, by averaging the expenditures for fiscal 
    years 2004 and 2005 required by section 31102(b)(4) of title 49, 
    United States Code, as that section was in effect on the day before 
    the date of enactment of this Act.
        (2) Subsequent fiscal years.--The Secretary may use the 
    methodology for calculating the maintenance of effort baseline 
    specified in paragraph (1) for fiscal year 2018 and subsequent 
    fiscal years if a new allocation formula for the motor carrier 
    safety assistance program has not been established for that fiscal 
    year.
    (b) Beginning With New Allocation Formation.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3)(B), 
    beginning on the date that a new allocation formula for the motor 
    carrier safety assistance program is established under this 
    subtitle, upon the request of a State, the Secretary may waive or 
    modify the baseline maintenance of effort required of the State by 
    section 31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
    this subtitle, for the purpose of establishing a new baseline 
    maintenance of effort if the Secretary determines that a waiver or 
    modification--
            (A) is equitable due to reasonable circumstances;
            (B) will ensure the continuation of commercial motor 
        vehicle enforcement activities in the State; and
            (C) is necessary to ensure that the total amount of State 
        maintenance of effort and matching expenditures required under 
        sections 31102 and 31104 of title 49, United States Code, as 
        amended by this subtitle, does not exceed a sum greater than 
        the average of the total amount of State maintenance of effort 
        and matching expenditures required under those sections for the 
        3 fiscal years prior to the date of enactment of this Act.
        (2) Adjustment methodology.--If requested by a State, the 
    Secretary may modify the maintenance of effort baseline referred to 
    in paragraph (1) for the State according to the following 
    methodology:
            (A) The Secretary shall establish the maintenance of effort 
        baseline for the State using the average baseline of fiscal 
        years 2004 and 2005, as required by section 31102(b)(4) of 
        title 49, United States Code, as that section was in effect on 
        the day before the date of enactment of this Act.
            (B) The Secretary shall calculate the average required 
        match by a lead State commercial motor vehicle safety agency 
        for fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for motor carrier safety 
        assistance grants established at 20 percent by section 31103 of 
        title 49, United States Code, as that section was in effect on 
        the day before the date of enactment of this Act.
            (C) The Secretary shall calculate the estimated match 
        required under section 31104(b) of title 49, United States 
        Code, as amended by this subtitle.
            (D) The Secretary shall subtract the amount in subparagraph 
        (B) from the amount in subparagraph (C) and--
                (i) if the number is greater than 0, the Secretary 
            shall subtract the number from the amount in subparagraph 
            (A); or
                (ii) if the number is not greater than 0, the Secretary 
            shall calculate the maintenance of effort using the 
            methodology in subparagraph (A).
        (3) Maintenance of effort amount.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary shall use the amount 
        calculated under paragraph (2) as the baseline maintenance of 
        effort required under section 31102(f) of title 49, United 
        States Code, as amended by this subtitle.
            (B) Deadline.--If a State does not request a waiver or 
        modification under this subsection before September 30 during 
        the first fiscal year that the Secretary implements a new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
        program under this subtitle, the Secretary shall calculate the 
        maintenance of effort using the methodology described in 
        paragraph (2)(A).
        (4) Maintenance of effort described.--The maintenance of effort 
    calculated under this section is the amount required under section 
    31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, as amended by this 
    subtitle.
    (c) Termination of Effectiveness.--The authority of the Secretary 
under this section shall terminate effective on the date that a new 
maintenance of effort baseline is calculated based on a new allocation 
formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program implemented 
under section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                       PART I--REGULATORY REFORM

SEC. 5201. NOTICE OF CANCELLATION OF INSURANCE.
    Section 13906(e) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or suspend'' after ``revoke''.
SEC. 5202. REGULATIONS.
    Section 31136 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) and 
    transferring such subsection to appear at the end of section 31315 
    of such title; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Regulatory Impact Analysis.--
        ``(1) In general.--Within each regulatory impact analysis of a 
    proposed or final major rule issued by the Federal Motor Carrier 
    Safety Administration, the Secretary shall, whenever practicable--
            ``(A) consider the effects of the proposed or final rule on 
        different segments of the motor carrier industry; and
            ``(B) formulate estimates and findings based on the best 
        available science.
        ``(2) Scope.--To the extent feasible and appropriate, and 
    consistent with law, an analysis described in paragraph (1) shall--
            ``(A) use data that is representative of commercial motor 
        vehicle operators or motor carriers, or both, that will be 
        impacted by the proposed or final rule; and
            ``(B) consider the effects on commercial truck and bus 
        carriers of various sizes and types.
    ``(g) Public Participation.--
        ``(1) In general.--If a proposed rule under this part is likely 
    to lead to the promulgation of a major rule, the Secretary, before 
    publishing such proposed rule, shall--
            ``(A) issue an advance notice of proposed rulemaking; or
            ``(B) proceed with a negotiated rulemaking.
        ``(2) Requirements.--Each advance notice of proposed rulemaking 
    issued under paragraph (1) shall--
            ``(A) identify the need for a potential regulatory action;
            ``(B) identify and request public comment on the best 
        available science or technical information relevant to 
        analyzing potential regulatory alternatives;
            ``(C) request public comment on the available data and 
        costs with respect to regulatory alternatives reasonably likely 
        to be considered as part of the rulemaking; and
            ``(D) request public comment on available alternatives to 
        regulation.
        ``(3) Waiver.--This subsection does not apply to a proposed 
    rule if the Secretary, for good cause, finds (and incorporates the 
    finding and a brief statement of reasons for such finding in the 
    proposed or final rule) that an advance notice of proposed 
    rulemaking is impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public 
    interest.
    ``(h) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (f) or (g) may 
be construed to limit the contents of an advance notice of proposed 
rulemaking.''.
SEC. 5203. GUIDANCE.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Date of issuance and point of contact.--Each guidance 
    document issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
    shall have a date of issuance or a date of revision, as applicable, 
    and shall include the name and contact information of a point of 
    contact at the Administration who can respond to questions 
    regarding the guidance.
        (2) Public accessibility.--
            (A) In general.--Each guidance document issued or revised 
        by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall be 
        published on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
        Department on the date of issuance or revision.
            (B) Redaction.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration may redact from a guidance 
        document published under subparagraph (A) any information that 
        would reveal investigative techniques that would compromise 
        Administration enforcement efforts.
        (3) Incorporation into regulations.--Not later than 5 years 
    after the date on which a guidance document is published under 
    paragraph (2) or during an applicable review under subsection (c), 
    whichever is earlier, the Secretary shall revise regulations to 
    incorporate the guidance document to the extent practicable.
        (4) Reissuance.--If a guidance document is not incorporated 
    into regulations in accordance with paragraph (3), the 
    Administrator shall--
            (A) reissue an updated version of the guidance document; 
        and
            (B) review and reissue an updated version of the guidance 
        document every 5 years until the date on which the guidance 
        document is removed or incorporated into applicable 
        regulations.
    (b) Initial Review.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall review all guidance 
documents issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and 
in effect on such date of enactment to ensure that such documents are 
current, are readily accessible to the public, and meet the standards 
specified in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of subsection (c)(1).
    (c) Regular Review.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), not less than once 
    every 5 years, the Administrator shall conduct a comprehensive 
    review of the guidance documents issued by the Federal Motor 
    Carrier Safety Administration to determine whether such documents 
    are--
            (A) consistent and clear;
            (B) uniformly and consistently enforced; and
            (C) still necessary.
        (2) Notice and comment.--Prior to beginning a review under 
    paragraph (1), the Administrator shall publish in the Federal 
    Register a notice and request for comment that solicits input from 
    stakeholders on which guidance documents should be updated or 
    eliminated.
        (3) Report.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date on 
        which a review under paragraph (1) is completed, the 
        Administrator shall publish on a publicly accessible Internet 
        Web site of the Department a report detailing the review and a 
        full inventory of the guidance documents of the Administration.
            (B) Contents.--A report under subparagraph (A) shall 
        include a summary of the response of the Administration to 
        comments received under paragraph (2).
    (d) Guidance Document Defined.--In this section, the term 
``guidance document'' means a document issued by the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration that--
        (1) provides an interpretation of a regulation of the 
    Administration; or
        (2) includes an enforcement policy of the Administration 
    available to the public.
SEC. 5204. PETITIONS.
    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration shall--
        (1) publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
    Department a summary of all petitions for regulatory action 
    submitted to the Administration;
        (2) prioritize the petitions submitted based on the likelihood 
    of safety improvements resulting from the regulatory action 
    requested;
        (3) not later than 180 days after the date a summary of a 
    petition is published under paragraph (1), formally respond to such 
    petition by indicating whether the Administrator will accept, deny, 
    or further review the petition;
        (4) prioritize responses to petitions consistent with a 
    petition's potential to reduce crashes, improve enforcement, and 
    reduce unnecessary burdens; and
        (5) not later than 60 days after the date of receipt of a 
    petition, publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
    Department an updated inventory of the petitions described in 
    paragraph (1), including any applicable disposition information for 
    those petitions.
    (b) Treatment of Multiple Petitions.--The Administrator may treat 
multiple similar petitions as a single petition for the purposes of 
subsection (a).
    (c) Petition Defined.--In this section, the term ``petition'' means 
a request for--
        (1) a new regulation;
        (2) a regulatory interpretation or clarification; or
        (3) a determination by the Administrator that a regulation 
    should be modified or eliminated because it is--
            (A) no longer--
                (i) consistent and clear;
                (ii) current with the operational realities of the 
            motor carrier industry; or
                (iii) uniformly enforced;
            (B) ineffective; or
            (C) overly burdensome.
SEC. 5205. INSPECTOR STANDARDS.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall 
revise the regulations under part 385 of title 49, Code of Federal 
Regulations, as necessary, to incorporate by reference the 
certification standards for roadside inspectors issued by the 
Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance.
SEC. 5206. APPLICATIONS.
    (a) Review Process.--Section 31315(b) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the first sentence by striking ``paragraph (3)'' and 
        inserting ``this subsection''; and
            (B) by striking the second sentence;
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (7) as paragraphs 
    (4) through (9), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Length of exemption and renewal.--An exemption may be 
    granted under paragraph (1) for no longer than 5 years and may be 
    renewed, upon request, for subsequent 5-year periods if the 
    Secretary continues to make the finding under paragraph (1).
        ``(3) Opportunity for resubmission.--If the Secretary denies an 
    application under paragraph (1) and the applicant can reasonably 
    address the reason for the denial, the Secretary may allow the 
    applicant to resubmit the application.''.
    (b) Administrative Exemptions.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make permanent the 
    following limited exemptions:
            (A) Perishable construction products, as published in the 
        Federal Register on April 2, 2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 17819).
            (B) Transport of commercial bee hives, as published in the 
        Federal Register on June 19, 2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 35425).
            (C) Safe transport of livestock, as published in the 
        Federal Register on June 12, 2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 33584).
        (2) Additional administrative exemptions.--Any exemption from 
    any provision of the regulations under part 395 of title 49, Code 
    of Federal Regulations, that is in effect on the date of enactment 
    of this Act--
            (A) except as otherwise provided in section 31315(b) of 
        title 49, shall be valid for a period of 5 years from the date 
        such exemption was granted; and
            (B) may be subject to renewal under section 31315(b)(2) of 
        title 49, United States Code.

           PART II--COMPLIANCE, SAFETY, ACCOUNTABILITY REFORM

SEC. 5221. CORRELATION STUDY.
    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration (referred to in this part as the 
``Administrator'') shall commission the National Research Council of 
the National Academies to conduct a study of--
        (1) the Compliance, Safety, Accountability program of the 
    Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (referred to in this 
    part as the ``CSA program''); and
        (2) the Safety Measurement System utilized by the CSA program 
    (referred to in this part as the ``SMS'').
    (b) Scope of Study.--In carrying out the study commissioned 
pursuant to subsection (a), the National Research Council--
        (1) shall analyze--
            (A) the accuracy with which the Behavior Analysis and 
        Safety Improvement Categories (referred to in this part as 
        ``BASIC'')--
                (i) identify high risk carriers; and
                (ii) predict or are correlated with future crash risk, 
            crash severity, or other safety indicators for motor 
            carriers, including the highest risk carriers;
            (B) the methodology used to calculate BASIC percentiles and 
        identify carriers for enforcement, including the weights 
        assigned to particular violations and the tie between crash 
        risk and specific regulatory violations, with respect to 
        accurately identifying and predicting future crash risk for 
        motor carriers;
            (C) the relative value of inspection information and 
        roadside enforcement data;
            (D) any data collection gaps or data sufficiency problems 
        that may exist and the impact of those gaps and problems on the 
        efficacy of the CSA program;
            (E) the accuracy of safety data, including the use of crash 
        data from crashes in which a motor carrier was free from fault;
            (F) whether BASIC percentiles for motor carriers of 
        passengers should be calculated separately from motor carriers 
        of freight;
            (G) the differences in the rates at which safety violations 
        are reported to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
        for inclusion in the SMS by various enforcement authorities, 
        including States, territories, and Federal inspectors; and
            (H) how members of the public use the SMS and what effect 
        making the SMS information public has had on reducing crashes 
        and eliminating unsafe motor carriers from the industry; and
        (2) shall consider--
            (A) whether the SMS provides comparable precision and 
        confidence, through SMS alerts and percentiles, for the 
        relative crash risk of individual large and small motor 
        carriers;
            (B) whether alternatives to the SMS would identify high 
        risk carriers more accurately; and
            (C) the recommendations and findings of the Comptroller 
        General of the United States and the Inspector General of the 
        Department, and independent review team reports, issued before 
        the date of enactment of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall--
        (1) submit a report containing the results of the study 
    commissioned pursuant to subsection (a) to--
            (A) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate;
            (B) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives; and
            (C) the Inspector General of the Department; and
        (2) publish the report on a publicly accessible Internet Web 
    site of the Department.
    (d) Corrective Action Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
    Administrator submits the report under subsection (c), if that 
    report identifies a deficiency or opportunity for improvement in 
    the CSA program or in any element of the SMS, the Administrator 
    shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
    and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a corrective 
    action plan that--
            (A) responds to the deficiencies or opportunities 
        identified by the report;
            (B) identifies how the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration will address such deficiencies or opportunities; 
        and
            (C) provides an estimate of the cost, including with 
        respect to changes in staffing, enforcement, and data 
        collection, necessary to address such deficiencies or 
        opportunities.
        (2) Program reforms.--The corrective action plan submitted 
    under paragraph (1) shall include an implementation plan that--
            (A) includes benchmarks;
            (B) includes programmatic reforms, revisions to 
        regulations, or proposals for legislation; and
            (C) shall be considered in any rulemaking by the Department 
        that relates to the CSA program, including the SMS or data 
        analysis under the SMS.
    (e) Inspector General Review.--Not later than 120 days after the 
Administrator submits a corrective action plan under subsection (d), 
the Inspector General of the Department shall--
        (1) review the extent to which such plan addresses--
            (A) recommendations contained in the report submitted under 
        subsection (c); and
            (B) relevant recommendations issued by the Comptroller 
        General or the Inspector General before the date of enactment 
        of this Act; and
        (2) submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
    and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report on the 
    responsiveness of the corrective action plan to the recommendations 
    described in paragraph (1).
SEC. 5222. BEYOND COMPLIANCE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall allow recognition, 
including credit or an improved SMS percentile, for a motor carrier 
that--
        (1) installs advanced safety equipment;
        (2) uses enhanced driver fitness measures;
        (3) adopts fleet safety management tools, technologies, and 
    programs; or
        (4) satisfies other standards determined appropriate by the 
    Administrator.
    (b) Implementation.--The Administrator shall carry out subsection 
(a) by--
        (1) incorporating a methodology into the CSA program; or
        (2) establishing a safety BASIC in the SMS.
    (c) Process.--
        (1) In general.--The Administrator, after providing notice and 
    an opportunity for comment, shall develop a process for identifying 
    and reviewing advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness 
    measures, fleet safety management tools, technologies, and 
    programs, and other standards for use by motor carriers to receive 
    recognition, including credit or an improved SMS percentile, for 
    purposes of subsection (a).
        (2) Contents.--A process developed under paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) provide for a petition process for reviewing advanced 
        safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet 
        safety management tools, technologies, and programs, and other 
        standards; and
            (B) seek input and participation from industry 
        stakeholders, including commercial motor vehicle drivers, 
        technology manufacturers, vehicle manufacturers, motor 
        carriers, law enforcement, safety advocates, and the Motor 
        Carrier Safety Advisory Committee.
    (d) Qualification.--The Administrator, after providing notice and 
an opportunity for comment, shall develop technical or other 
performance standards with respect to advanced safety equipment, 
enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet safety management tools, 
technologies, and programs, and other standards for purposes of 
subsection (a).
    (e) Monitoring.--The Administrator may authorize qualified entities 
to monitor motor carriers that receive recognition, including credit or 
an improved SMS percentile, under this section through a no-cost 
contract structure.
    (f) Dissemination of Information.--The Administrator shall maintain 
on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Department 
information on--
        (1) the advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness 
    measures, fleet safety management tools, technologies, and 
    programs, and other standards eligible for recognition, including 
    credit or an improved SMS percentile;
        (2) any petitions for review of advanced safety equipment, 
    enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet safety management tools, 
    technologies, and programs, and other standards; and
        (3) any relevant statistics relating to the use of advanced 
    safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet safety 
    management tools, technologies, and programs, and other standards.
    (g) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report on the--
        (1) number of motor carriers receiving recognition, including 
    credit or an improved SMS percentile, under this section; and
        (2) safety performance of such carriers.
SEC. 5223. DATA CERTIFICATION.
    (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 1 day after the date 
of enactment of this Act, no information regarding analysis of 
violations, crashes in which a determination is made that the motor 
carrier or the commercial motor vehicle driver is not at fault, alerts, 
or the relative percentile for each BASIC developed under the CSA 
program may be made available to the general public until the Inspector 
General of the Department certifies that--
        (1) the report required under section 5221(c) has been 
    submitted in accordance with that section;
        (2) any deficiencies identified in the report required under 
    section 5221(c) have been addressed;
        (3) if applicable, the corrective action plan under section 
    5221(d) has been implemented;
        (4) the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
    Administration has fully implemented or satisfactorily addressed 
    the issues raised in the report titled ``Modifying the Compliance, 
    Safety, Accountability Program Would Improve the Ability to 
    Identify High Risk Carriers'' of the Government Accountability 
    Office and dated February 2014 (GAO-14-114); and
        (5) the Secretary has initiated modification of the CSA program 
    in accordance with section 5222.
    (b) Limitation on the Use of CSA Analysis.--Information regarding 
alerts and the relative percentile for each BASIC developed under the 
CSA program may not be used for safety fitness determinations until the 
Inspector General of the Department makes the certification under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Continued Public Availability of Data.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of this section, inspection and violation information 
submitted to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration by 
commercial motor vehicle inspectors and qualified law enforcement 
officials, out-of-service rates, and absolute measures shall remain 
available to the public.
    (d) Exceptions.--
        (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
    section--
            (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and 
        State and local commercial motor vehicle enforcement agencies 
        may use the information referred to in subsection (a) for 
        purposes of investigation and enforcement prioritization;
            (B) a motor carrier and a commercial motor vehicle driver 
        may access information referred to in subsection (a) that 
        relates directly to the motor carrier or driver, respectively; 
        and
            (C) a data analysis of motorcoach operators may be provided 
        online with a notation indicating that the ratings or alerts 
        listed are not intended to imply any Federal safety rating of 
        the carrier.
        (2) Notation.--The notation described in paragraph (1)(C) shall 
    include the following: ``Readers should not draw conclusions about 
    a carrier's overall safety condition simply based on the data 
    displayed in this system. Unless a motor carrier has received an 
    UNSATISFACTORY safety rating under part 385 of title 49, Code of 
    Federal Regulations, or has otherwise been ordered to discontinue 
    operations by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, it 
    is authorized to operate on the Nation's roadways.''.
        (3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
    construed to restrict the official use by State enforcement 
    agencies of the data collected by State enforcement personnel.
SEC. 5224. DATA IMPROVEMENT.
    (a) Functional Specifications.--The Administrator shall develop 
functional specifications to ensure the consistent and accurate input 
of data into systems and databases relating to the CSA program.
    (b) Functionality.--The functional specifications developed 
pursuant to subsection (a)--
        (1) shall provide for the hardcoding and smart logic 
    functionality for roadside inspection data collection systems and 
    databases; and
        (2) shall be made available to public and private sector 
    developers.
    (c) Effective Data Management.--The Administrator shall ensure that 
internal systems and databases accept and effectively manage data using 
uniform standards.
    (d) Consultation With the States.--Before implementing the 
functional specifications developed pursuant to subsection (a) or the 
standards described in subsection (c), the Administrator shall seek 
input from the State agencies responsible for enforcing section 31102 
of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 5225. ACCIDENT REVIEW.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after a certification under 
section 5223, the Secretary shall task the Motor Carrier Safety 
Advisory Committee with reviewing the treatment of preventable crashes 
under the SMS.
    (b) Duties.--Not later than 6 months after being tasked under 
subsection (a), the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee shall make 
recommendations to the Secretary on a process to allow motor carriers 
and drivers to request that the Administrator make a determination with 
respect to the preventability of a crash, if such a process has not yet 
been established by the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall--
        (1) review and consider the recommendations provided by the 
    Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; and
        (2) report to Congress on how the Secretary intends to address 
    the treatment of preventable crashes.
    (d) Preventable Defined.--In this section, the term ``preventable'' 
has the meaning given that term in Appendix B of part 385 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of enactment of 
this Act.

              Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

SEC. 5301. WINDSHIELD TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the regulations in 
section 393.60(e) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to 
the prohibition on obstructions to the driver's field of view) to 
exempt from that section the voluntary mounting on a windshield of 
vehicle safety technology likely to achieve a level of safety that is 
equivalent to or greater than the level of safety that would be 
achieved absent the exemption.
    (b) Vehicle Safety Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
``vehicle safety technology'' includes a fleet-related incident 
management system, performance or behavior management system, speed 
management system, lane departure warning system, forward collision 
warning or mitigation system, and active cruise control system and any 
other technology that the Secretary considers applicable.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--For purposes of this section, any 
windshield mounted technology with a short term exemption under part 
381 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, on the date of enactment 
of this Act, shall be considered likely to achieve a level of safety 
that is equivalent to or greater than the level of safety that would be 
achieved absent an exemption under subsection (a).
SEC. 5302. PRIORITIZING STATUTORY RULEMAKINGS.
    The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration shall prioritize the completion of each outstanding 
rulemaking required by statute before beginning any other rulemaking, 
unless the Secretary determines that there is a significant need for 
such other rulemaking and notifies Congress of such determination.
SEC. 5303. SAFETY REPORTING SYSTEM.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the cost and feasibility of establishing a 
self-reporting system for commercial motor vehicle drivers or motor 
carriers with respect to en route equipment failures.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) an analysis of--
            (A) alternatives for the reporting of equipment failures in 
        real time, including an Internet Web site or telephone hotline;
            (B) the ability of a commercial motor vehicle driver or a 
        motor carrier to provide to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration proof of repair of a self-reported equipment 
        failure;
            (C) the ability of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration to ensure that self-reported equipment failures 
        proven to be repaired are not used in the calculation of 
        Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Category scores;
            (D) the ability of roadside inspectors to access self-
        reported equipment failures;
            (E) the cost to establish and administer a self-reporting 
        system;
            (F) the ability for a self-reporting system to track 
        individual commercial motor vehicles through unique 
        identifiers; and
            (G) whether a self-reporting system would yield 
        demonstrable safety benefits;
        (2) an identification of any regulatory or statutory 
    impediments to the implementation of a self-reporting system; and
        (3) recommendations on implementing a self-reporting system.
SEC. 5304. NEW ENTRANT SAFETY REVIEW PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct an assessment of the 
new operator safety review program under section 31144(g) of title 49, 
United States Code, including the program's effectiveness in reducing 
crashes, fatalities, and injuries involving commercial motor vehicles 
and improving commercial motor vehicle safety.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall publish on a publicly accessible Internet 
Web site of the Department and submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report on the results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a), 
including any recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the 
program (including recommendations for legislative changes).
SEC. 5305. HIGH RISK CARRIER REVIEWS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that a review is 
completed on each motor carrier that demonstrates through performance 
data that it poses the highest safety risk. At a minimum, a review 
shall be conducted whenever a motor carrier is among the highest risk 
carriers for 4 consecutive months.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall post on a public Web site a report 
on the actions the Secretary has taken to comply with this section, 
including the number of high risk carriers identified and the high risk 
carriers reviewed.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 4138 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 
31144 note), and the item relating to that section in the table of 
contents in section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
SEC. 5306. POST-ACCIDENT REPORT REVIEW.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall convene a working group--
        (1) to review the data elements of post-accident reports, for 
    tow-away accidents involving commercial motor vehicles, that are 
    reported to the Federal Government; and
        (2) to report to the Secretary its findings and any 
    recommendations, including best practices for State post-accident 
    reports to achieve the data elements described in subsection (c).
    (b) Composition.--Not less than 51 percent of the working group 
should be composed of individuals representing the States or State law 
enforcement officials. The remaining members of the working group shall 
represent industry, labor, safety advocates, and other interested 
parties.
    (c) Considerations.--The working group shall consider requiring 
additional data elements, including--
        (1) the primary cause of the accident, if the primary cause can 
    be determined; and
        (2) the physical characteristics of the commercial motor 
    vehicle and any other vehicle involved in the accident, including--
            (A) the vehicle configuration;
            (B) the gross vehicle weight, if the weight can be readily 
        determined;
            (C) the number of axles; and
            (D) the distance between axles, if the distance can be 
        readily determined.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall--
        (1) review the findings of the working group;
        (2) identify the best practices for State post-accident reports 
    that are reported to the Federal Government, including identifying 
    the data elements that should be collected following a tow-away 
    commercial motor vehicle accident; and
        (3) recommend to the States the adoption of new data elements 
    to be collected following reportable commercial motor vehicle 
    accidents.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate not more than 
180 days after the date on which the Secretary makes recommendations 
under subsection (d)(3).
SEC. 5307. IMPLEMENTING SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) In General.--For each rulemaking described in subsection (c), 
not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act and 
every 180 days thereafter until the rulemaking is complete, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a written 
notification that includes--
        (1) for a rulemaking with a statutory deadline--
            (A) an explanation of why the deadline was not met; and
            (B) an expected date of completion of the rulemaking; and
        (2) for a rulemaking without a statutory deadline, an expected 
    date of completion of the rulemaking.
    (b) Additional Contents.--A notification submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include--
        (1) an updated rulemaking timeline;
        (2) a list of factors causing delays in the completion of the 
    rulemaking; and
        (3) any other details associated with the status of the 
    rulemaking.
    (c) Rulemakings.--The Secretary shall submit a written notification 
under subsection (a) for each of the following rulemakings:
        (1) The rulemaking required under section 31306a(a)(1) of title 
    49, United States Code.
        (2) The rulemaking required under section 31137(a) of title 49, 
    United States Code.
        (3) The rulemaking required under section 31305(c) of title 49, 
    United States Code.
        (4) The rulemaking required under section 31601 of division C 
    of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 30111 note).
        (5) A rulemaking concerning motor carrier safety fitness 
    determinations.
        (6) A rulemaking concerning commercial motor vehicle safety 
    required by an Act of Congress enacted on or after August 1, 2005, 
    and incomplete for more than 2 years.

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

SEC. 5401. OPPORTUNITIES FOR VETERANS.
    (a) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran Operators.--
Section 31305 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(d) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran Operators.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2016, the 
    Secretary shall modify the regulations prescribed under subsections 
    (a) and (c) to--
            ``(A) exempt a covered individual from all or a portion of 
        a driving test if the covered individual had experience in the 
        armed forces or reserve components driving vehicles similar to 
        a commercial motor vehicle;
            ``(B) ensure that a covered individual may apply for an 
        exemption under subparagraph (A) during, at least, the 1-year 
        period beginning on the date on which such individual separates 
        from service in the armed forces or reserve components; and
            ``(C) credit the training and knowledge a covered 
        individual received in the armed forces or reserve components 
        driving vehicles similar to a commercial motor vehicle for 
        purposes of satisfying minimum standards for training and 
        knowledge.
        ``(2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
    definitions apply:
            ``(A) Armed forces.--The term `armed forces' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101(a) of title 10.
            ``(B) Covered individual.--The term `covered individual' 
        means an individual over the age of 21 years who is--
                ``(i) a former member of the armed forces; or
                ``(ii) a former member of the reserve components.
            ``(C) Reserve components.--The term `reserve components' 
        means--
                ``(i) the Army National Guard of the United States;
                ``(ii) the Army Reserve;
                ``(iii) the Navy Reserve;
                ``(iv) the Marine Corps Reserve;
                ``(v) the Air National Guard of the United States;
                ``(vi) the Air Force Reserve; and
                ``(vii) the Coast Guard Reserve.''.
    (b) Implementation of Administrative Recommendations.--Not later 
than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall implement the 
recommendations contained in the report submitted under section 32308 
of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 31301 note) that are not implemented as a result 
of the amendment in subsection (a).
    (c) Implementation of the Military Commercial Driver's License 
Act.--Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary shall issue final 
regulations to implement the exemption to the domicile requirement 
under section 31311(a)(12)(C) of title 49, United States Code.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 31311(a)(12)(C)(ii) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(ii) is an active duty member of--
                ``(I) the armed forces (as that term is defined in 
            section 101(a) of title 10); or
                ``(II) the reserve components (as that term is defined 
            in section 31305(d)(2) of this title); and''.
SEC. 5402. DRUG-FREE COMMERCIAL DRIVERS.
    (a) In General.--Section 31306 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
            (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The regulations shall 
        permit such motor carriers to conduct preemployment testing of 
        such employees for the use of alcohol.''; and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
    ``(B) The regulations prescribed under subparagraph (A) shall 
permit motor carriers--
        ``(i) to conduct preemployment testing of commercial motor 
    vehicle operators for the use of alcohol; and
        ``(ii) to use hair testing as an acceptable alternative to 
    urine testing--
            ``(I) in conducting preemployment testing for the use of a 
        controlled substance; and
            ``(II) in conducting random testing for the use of a 
        controlled substance if the operator was subject to hair 
        testing for preemployment testing.'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(C) shall provide an exemption from hair testing for 
    commercial motor vehicle operators with established religious 
    beliefs that prohibit the cutting or removal of hair.''; and
        (3) in subsection (c)(2)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting 
        ``for urine testing, and technical guidelines for hair 
        testing,'' before ``including mandatory guidelines'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ``and'' after the 
        semicolon; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) laboratory protocols and cut-off levels for hair 
        testing to detect the use of a controlled substance;''.
    (b) Guidelines.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall issue 
scientific and technical guidelines for hair testing as a method of 
detecting the use of a controlled substance for purposes of section 
31306 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 5403. MEDICAL CERTIFICATION OF VETERANS FOR COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S 
LICENSES.
    (a) In General.--In the case of a physician-approved veteran 
operator, the qualified physician of such operator may, subject to the 
requirements of subsection (b), perform a medical examination and 
provide a medical certificate for purposes of compliance with the 
requirements of section 31149 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Certification.--The certification described under subsection 
(a) shall include--
        (1) assurances that the physician performing the medical 
    examination meets the requirements of a qualified physician under 
    this section; and
        (2) certification that the physical condition of the operator 
    is adequate to enable such operator to operate a commercial motor 
    vehicle safely.
    (c) National Registry of Medical Examiners.--The Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall develop a 
process for qualified physicians to perform a medical examination and 
provide a medical certificate under subsection (a) and include such 
physicians on the national registry of medical examiners established 
under section 31149(d) of title 49, United States Code.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
        (1) Physician-approved veteran operator.--The term ``physician-
    approved veteran operator'' means an operator of a commercial motor 
    vehicle who--
            (A) is a veteran who is enrolled in the health care system 
        established under section 1705(a) of title 38, United States 
        Code; and
            (B) is required to have a current valid medical certificate 
        pursuant to section 31149 of title 49, United States Code.
        (2) Qualified physician.--The term ``qualified physician'' 
    means a physician who--
            (A) is employed in the Department of Veterans Affairs;
            (B) is familiar with the standards for, and physical 
        requirements of, an operator certified pursuant to section 
        31149 of title 49, United States Code; and
            (C) has never, with respect to such section, been found to 
        have acted fraudulently, including by fraudulently awarding a 
        medical certificate.
        (3) Veteran.--The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given the 
    term in section 101 of title 38, United States Code.
    (e) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to change any statutory penalty associated with fraud or 
abuse.
SEC. 5404. COMMERCIAL DRIVER PILOT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot program 
under section 31315(c) of title 49, United States Code, to study the 
feasibility, benefits, and safety impacts of allowing a covered driver 
to operate a commercial motor vehicle in interstate commerce.
    (b) Data Collection.--The Secretary shall collect and analyze data 
relating to accidents in which--
        (1) a covered driver participating in the pilot program is 
    involved; and
        (2) a driver under the age of 21 operating a commercial motor 
    vehicle in intrastate commerce is involved.
    (c) Limitations.--A driver participating in the pilot program may 
not--
        (1) transport--
            (A) passengers; or
            (B) hazardous cargo; or
        (2) operate a vehicle in special configuration.
    (d) Working Group.--
        (1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall conduct, monitor, and 
    evaluate the pilot program in consultation with a working group to 
    be established by the Secretary consisting of representatives of 
    the armed forces, industry, drivers, safety advocacy organizations, 
    and State licensing and enforcement officials.
        (2) Duties.--The working group shall review the data collected 
    under subsection (b) and provide recommendations to the Secretary 
    on the feasibility, benefits, and safety impacts of allowing a 
    covered driver to operate a commercial motor vehicle in interstate 
    commerce.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which the 
pilot program is concluded, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
report describing the findings of the pilot program and the 
recommendations of the working group.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
        (1) Accident.--The term ``accident'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 390.5 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, as 
    in effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
        (2) Armed forces.--The term ``armed forces'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) Commercial motor vehicle.--The term ``commercial motor 
    vehicle'' has the meaning given that term in section 31301 of title 
    49, United States Code.
        (4) Covered driver.--The term ``covered driver'' means an 
    individual who is--
            (A) between the ages of 18 and 21;
            (B) a member or former member of the--
                (i) armed forces; or
                (ii) reserve components (as defined in section 
            31305(d)(2) of title 49, United States Code, as added by 
            this Act); and
            (C) qualified in a Military Occupational Specialty to 
        operate a commercial motor vehicle or similar vehicle.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

SEC. 5501. DELAYS IN GOODS MOVEMENT.
    (a) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the Department 
    shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
    of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
    Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report on the average 
    length of time that operators of commercial motor vehicles are 
    delayed before the loading and unloading of such vehicles and at 
    other points in the pick-up and delivery process.
        (2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include--
            (A) an assessment of how delays impact--
                (i) the economy;
                (ii) the efficiency of the transportation system;
                (iii) motor carrier safety, including the extent to 
            which delays result in violations of motor carrier safety 
            regulations; and
                (iv) the livelihood of motor carrier drivers; and
            (B) recommendations on how delays could be mitigated.
    (b) Collection of Data.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish by regulation a 
process to collect data on delays experienced by operators of 
commercial motor vehicles before the loading and unloading of such 
vehicles and at other points in the pick-up and delivery process.
SEC. 5502. EMERGENCY ROUTE WORKING GROUP.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a working 
    group to determine best practices for expeditious State approval of 
    special permits for vehicles involved in emergency response and 
    recovery.
        (2) Members.--The working group shall include representatives 
    from--
            (A) State highway transportation departments or agencies;
            (B) relevant modal agencies within the Department;
            (C) emergency response or recovery experts;
            (D) relevant safety groups; and
            (E) entities affected by special permit restrictions during 
        emergency response and recovery efforts.
    (b) Considerations.--In determining best practices under subsection 
(a), the working group shall consider whether--
        (1) impediments currently exist that prevent expeditious State 
    approval of special permits for vehicles involved in emergency 
    response and recovery;
        (2) it is possible to pre-identify and establish emergency 
    routes between States through which infrastructure repair materials 
    could be delivered following a natural disaster or emergency;
        (3) a State could pre-designate an emergency route identified 
    under paragraph (2) as a certified emergency route if a motor 
    vehicle that exceeds the otherwise applicable Federal and State 
    truck length or width limits may safely operate along such route 
    during periods of declared emergency and recovery from such 
    periods; and
        (4) an online map could be created to identify each pre-
    designated emergency route under paragraph (3), including 
    information on specific limitations, obligations, and notification 
    requirements along that route.
    (c) Report.--
        (1)  Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the working group shall submit to the 
    Secretary a report on its findings under this section and any 
    recommendations for the implementation of best practices for 
    expeditious State approval of special permits for vehicles involved 
    in emergency response and recovery.
        (2) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after the date the 
    Secretary receives the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
    shall publish the report on a publicly accessible Internet Web site 
    of the Department.
    (d) Notification.--Not later than 6 months after the date the 
Secretary receives the report under subsection (c)(1), the Secretary 
shall notify the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate on the actions the Secretary and the 
States have taken to implement the recommendations included in the 
report.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year after 
the date the Secretary receives the report under subsection (c)(1).
SEC. 5503. HOUSEHOLD GOODS CONSUMER PROTECTION WORKING GROUP.
    (a) Working Group.--The Secretary shall establish a working group 
for the purpose of developing recommendations on how to best convey to 
consumers relevant information with respect to the Federal laws 
concerning the interstate transportation of household goods by motor 
carrier.
    (b) Membership.--The Secretary shall ensure that the working group 
is comprised of individuals with expertise in consumer affairs, 
educators with expertise in how people learn most effectively, and 
representatives of the household goods moving industry.
    (c) Recommendations.--
        (1) Contents.--The recommendations developed by the working 
    group shall include recommendations on--
            (A) condensing publication ESA 03005 of the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration into a format that is more easily 
        used by consumers;
            (B) using state-of-the-art education techniques and 
        technologies, including optimizing the use of the Internet as 
        an educational tool; and
            (C) reducing and simplifying the paperwork required of 
        motor carriers and shippers in interstate transportation.
        (2) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act--
            (A) the working group shall make the recommendations 
        described in paragraph (1); and
            (B) the Secretary shall publish the recommendations on a 
        publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Department.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which the 
working group makes its recommendations under subsection (c)(2), the 
Secretary shall issue a report to Congress on the implementation of 
such recommendations.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year after 
the date the working group makes its recommendations under subsection 
(c)(2).
SEC. 5504. TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a comprehensive analysis of the information technology 
and data collection and management systems of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration.
    (b) Requirements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) evaluate the efficacy of the existing information 
    technology, data collection, processing systems, data correction 
    procedures, and data management systems and programs, including 
    their interaction with each other and their efficacy in meeting 
    user needs;
        (2) identify any redundancies among the systems, procedures, 
    and programs described in paragraph (1);
        (3) explore the feasibility of consolidating data collection 
    and processing systems;
        (4) evaluate the ability of the systems, procedures, and 
    programs described in paragraph (1) to meet the needs of--
            (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, at 
        both the headquarters and State levels;
            (B) the State agencies that implement the motor carrier 
        safety assistance program under section 31102 of title 49, 
        United States Code; and
            (C) other users;
        (5) evaluate the adaptability of the systems, procedures, and 
    programs described in paragraph (1), in order to make necessary 
    future changes to ensure user needs are met in an easier, timely, 
    and more cost-efficient manner;
        (6) investigate and make recommendations regarding--
            (A) deficiencies in existing data sets impacting program 
        effectiveness; and
            (B) methods to improve user interfaces; and
        (7) identify the appropriate role the Federal Motor Carrier 
    Safety Administration should take with respect to software and 
    information systems design, development, and maintenance for the 
    purpose of improving the efficacy of the systems, procedures, and 
    programs described in paragraph (1).
SEC. 5505. NOTIFICATION REGARDING MOTOR CARRIER REGISTRATION.
    Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate written 
notification of the actions the Secretary is taking to ensure, to the 
greatest extent practicable, that each application for registration 
under section 13902 of title 49, United States Code, is processed not 
later than 30 days after the date on which the application is received 
by the Secretary.
SEC. 5506. REPORT ON COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE SKILLS TEST DELAYS.
    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
and each year thereafter, the Administrator of the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration shall submit to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report that--
        (1) describes, for each State, the status of skills testing for 
    applicants for a commercial driver's license, including--
            (A) the average wait time from the date an applicant 
        requests to take a skills test to the date the applicant has 
        the opportunity to complete such test;
            (B) the average wait time from the date an applicant, upon 
        failure of a skills test, requests a retest to the date the 
        applicant has the opportunity to complete such retest;
            (C) the actual number of qualified commercial driver's 
        license examiners available to test applicants; and
            (D) the number of testing sites available through the State 
        department of motor vehicles and whether this number has 
        increased or decreased from the previous year; and
        (2) describes specific steps that the Administrator is taking 
    to address skills testing delays in States that have average skills 
    test or retest wait times of more than 7 days from the date an 
    applicant requests to test or retest to the date the applicant has 
    the opportunity to complete such test or retest.
SEC. 5507. ELECTRONIC LOGGING DEVICE REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 31137(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(C) by striking ``apply to'' and inserting 
    ``except as provided in paragraph (3), apply to''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Exception.--A motor carrier, when transporting a motor 
    home or recreation vehicle trailer within the definition of the 
    term `driveaway-towaway operation' (as defined in section 390.5 of 
    title 49, Code of Federal Regulations), may comply with the hours 
    of service requirements by requiring each driver to use--
            ``(A) a paper record of duty status form; or
            ``(B) an electronic logging device.''.
SEC. 5508. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
    (a) Title 49.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 13902(i)(2) is amended by inserting ``except as'' 
    before ``described''.
        (2) Section 13903(d) is amended by striking ``(d) Registration 
    as Motor Carrier Required.--'' and all that follows through ``(1) 
    In general.--A freight forwarder'' and inserting ``(d) Registration 
    as Motor Carrier Required.--A freight forwarder''.
        (3) Section 13905(d)(2)(D) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``the Secretary finds 
        that--'' and all that follows through ``(i) the motor 
        carrier,'' and inserting ``the Secretary finds that the motor 
        carrier,''; and
            (B) by adding a period at the end.
        (4) Section 14901(h) is amended by striking ``Household Goods'' 
    in the heading.
        (5) Section 14916 is amended by striking the section 
    designation and heading and inserting the following:
``Sec. 14916. Unlawful brokerage activities''.
    (b) MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 2012, and as if included 
therein as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 32108(a)(4) (126 Stat. 782) is amended by inserting 
    ``for'' before ``each additional day'' in the matter proposed to be 
    struck.
        (2) Section 32301(b)(3) (126 Stat. 786) is amended by striking 
    ``by amending (a) to read as follows:'' and inserting ``by striking 
    subsection (a) and inserting the following:''.
        (3) Section 32302(c)(2)(B) (126 Stat. 789) is amended by 
    striking ``section 32303(c)(1)'' and inserting ``section 
    32302(c)(1)''.
        (4) Section 32921(b) (126 Stat. 828) is amended, in the matter 
    to be inserted, by striking ``(A) In addition'' and inserting the 
    following:
            ``(A) In general.--In addition''.
        (5) Section 32931(c) (126 Stat. 829) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' in the matter to be struck; and
            (B) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' in the matter to be inserted.
    (c) Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999.--Section 
229(a)(1) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 
U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended by inserting ``of title 49, United States 
Code,'' after ``sections 31136 and 31502''.
SEC. 5509. MINIMUM FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.
    (a) Transporting Property.--If the Secretary proceeds with a 
rulemaking to determine whether to increase the minimum levels of 
financial responsibility required under section 31139 of title 49, 
United States Code, the Secretary shall consider, prior to issuing a 
final rule--
        (1) the rulemaking's potential impact on--
            (A) the safety of motor vehicle transportation; and
            (B) the motor carrier industry;
        (2) the ability of the insurance industry to provide the 
    required amount of insurance;
        (3) the extent to which current minimum levels of financial 
    responsibility adequately cover--
            (A) medical care;
            (B) compensation; and
            (C) other identifiable costs;
        (4) the frequency with which insurance claims exceed current 
    minimum levels of financial responsibility in fatal accidents; and
        (5) the impact of increased levels on motor carrier safety and 
    accident reduction.
    (b) Transporting Passengers.--
        (1) In general.--Prior to initiating a rulemaking to change the 
    minimum levels of financial responsibility under section 31138 of 
    title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall complete a study 
    specific to the minimum financial responsibility requirements for 
    motor carriers of passengers.
        (2) Study contents.--A study under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    to the extent practicable--
            (A) a review of accidents, injuries, and fatalities in the 
        over-the-road bus and school bus industries;
            (B) a review of insurance held by over-the-road bus and 
        public and private school bus companies, including companies of 
        various sizes, and an analysis of whether such insurance is 
        adequate to cover claims;
            (C) an analysis of whether and how insurance affects the 
        behavior and safety record of motor carriers of passengers, 
        including with respect to crash reduction; and
            (D) an analysis of the anticipated impacts of an increase 
        in financial responsibility on insurance premiums for passenger 
        carriers and service availability.
        (3) Consultation.--In conducting a study under paragraph (1), 
    the Secretary shall consult with--
            (A) representatives of the over-the-road bus and private 
        school bus transportation industries, including representatives 
        of bus drivers; and
            (B) insurers of motor carriers of passengers.
        (4) Report.--If the Secretary undertakes a study under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
    and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
    Senate a report on the results of the study.
SEC. 5510. SAFETY STUDY REGARDING DOUBLE-DECKER MOTORCOACHES.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with State 
transportation safety and law enforcement officials, shall conduct a 
study regarding the safety operations, fire suppression capability, 
tire loads, and pavement impacts of operating a double-decker 
motorcoach equipped with a device designed by the motorcoach 
manufacturer to attach to the rear of the motorcoach for use in 
transporting passenger baggage.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report containing the results of 
the study to--
        (1) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
    House of Representatives; and
        (2) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
    the Senate.
SEC. 5511. GAO REVIEW OF SCHOOL BUS SAFETY.
    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee 
on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a review of the following:
        (1) Existing Federal and State rules and guidance, as of the 
    date of the review, concerning school bus transportation of 
    elementary school and secondary school students engaging in home-
    to-school transport or other transport determined by the 
    Comptroller General to be a routine part of kindergarten through 
    grade 12 education, including regulations and guidance regarding 
    driver training programs, capacity requirements, programs for 
    special needs students, inspection standards, vehicle age 
    requirements, best practices, and public access to inspection 
    results and crash records.
        (2) Any correlation between public or private school bus fleet 
    operators whose vehicles are involved in an accident as defined by 
    section 390.5 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, and each of 
    the following:
            (A) A failure by those same operators of State or local 
        safety inspections.
            (B) The average age or odometer readings of the school 
        buses in the fleets of such operators.
            (C) Violations of Federal laws administered by the 
        Department of Transportation, or of State law equivalents of 
        such laws.
            (D) Violations of State or local law relating to illegal 
        passing of a school bus.
        (3) A regulatory framework comparison of public and private 
    school bus operations.
        (4) Expert recommendations on best practices for safe and 
    reliable school bus transportation, including driver training 
    programs, inspection standards, school bus age and odometer reading 
    maximums for retirement, the percentage of buses in a local bus 
    fleet needed as spare buses, and capacity levels per school bus for 
    different age groups.
SEC. 5512. ACCESS TO NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER.
    Section 30305(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
        ``(13) The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
    Administration may request the chief driver licensing official of a 
    State to provide information under subsection (a) of this section 
    about an individual in connection with a safety investigation under 
    the Administrator's jurisdiction.''.
SEC. 5513. REPORT ON DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF WIRELESS ROADSIDE 
INSPECTION SYSTEMS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report regarding the design, development, testing, and implementation 
of wireless roadside inspection systems.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include a determination as to whether Federal wireless roadside 
inspection systems--
        (1) conflict with existing electronic screening systems, or 
    create capabilities already available;
        (2) require additional statutory authority to incorporate 
    generated inspection data into the safety measurement system or the 
    safety fitness determinations program; and
        (3) provide appropriate restrictions to specifically address 
    privacy concerns of affected motor carriers and operators.
SEC. 5514. REGULATION OF TOW TRUCK OPERATIONS.
    Section 14501(c)(2)(C) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``the price of'' and all that follows through 
``transportation is'' and inserting ``the regulation of tow truck 
operations''.
SEC. 5515. STUDY ON COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVER COMMUTING.
    (a) Effects of Commuting.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration shall conduct a study on the safety 
effects of motor carrier operator commutes exceeding 150 minutes.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report 
containing the findings under the study.
SEC. 5516. ADDITIONAL STATE AUTHORITY.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, South Dakota shall be 
provided the opportunity to update and revise the routes designated as 
qualifying Federal-aid Primary System highways under section 31111(e) 
of title 49, United States Code, as long as the update shifts routes to 
divided highways or does not increase centerline miles by more than 5 
percent and is expected to increase safety performance.
SEC. 5517. REPORT ON MOTOR CARRIER FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2017, the Secretary 
shall publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
Department a report on the minimum levels of financial responsibility 
required under section 31139 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include, to the extent practicable, an analysis of--
        (1) the differences between State insurance requirements and 
    Federal requirements;
        (2) the extent to which current minimum levels of financial 
    responsibility adequately cover--
            (A) medical care;
            (B) compensation; and
            (C) other identifiable costs; and
        (3) the frequency with which insurance claims exceed the 
    current minimum levels of financial responsibility.
SEC. 5518. COVERED FARM VEHICLES.
    Section 32934(b)(1) of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended by 
striking ``from'' and all that follows through the period at end and 
inserting the following: ``from--
            ``(A) a requirement described in subsection (a) or a 
        compatible State requirement; or
            ``(B) any other minimum standard provided by a State 
        relating to the operation of that vehicle.''.
SEC. 5519. OPERATORS OF HI-RAIL VEHICLES.
    (a) In General.--In the case of a commercial motor vehicle driver 
subject to the hours of service requirements in part 395 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, who is driving a hi-rail vehicle, the 
maximum on duty time under section 395.3 of such title for such driver 
shall not include time in transportation to or from a duty assignment 
if such time in transportation--
        (1) does not exceed 2 hours per calendar day or a total of 30 
    hours per calendar month; and
        (2) is fully and accurately accounted for in records to be 
    maintained by the motor carrier and such records are made available 
    upon request of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration or 
    the Federal Railroad Administration.
    (b) Hi-Rail Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term ``hi-rail 
vehicle'' means an internal rail flaw detection vehicle equipped with 
flange hi-rails.
SEC. 5520. AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORTER.
    (a) Automobile Transporter Defined.--Section 31111(a)(1) of title 
49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``specifically''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following: ``An automobile 
    transporter shall not be prohibited from the transport of cargo or 
    general freight on a backhaul, so long as it complies with weight 
    limitations for a truck tractor and semitrailer combination.''.
    (b) Truck Tractor Defined.--Section 31111(a)(3)(B) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``only''; and
        (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
    ``or any other commodity, including cargo or general freight on a 
    backhaul''.
    (c) Backhaul Defined.--Section 31111(a) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Backhaul.--The term `backhaul' means the return trip of a 
    vehicle transporting cargo or general freight, especially when 
    carrying goods back over all or part of the same route.''.
    (d) Stinger-Steered Automobile Transporters.--Section 31111(b)(1) 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (F) by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(G) imposes a vehicle length limitation of less than 80 feet 
    on a stinger-steered automobile transporter with a front overhang 
    of less than 4 feet and a rear overhang of less than 6 feet; or''.
SEC. 5521. READY MIX CONCRETE DELIVERY VEHICLES.
    Section 31502 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(f) Ready Mixed Concrete Delivery Vehicles.--
        ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
    regulations issued under this section or section 31136 (including 
    section 395.1(e)(1)(ii) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations) 
    regarding reporting, recordkeeping, or documentation of duty status 
    shall not apply to any driver of a ready mixed concrete delivery 
    vehicle if--
            ``(A) the driver operates within a 100 air-mile radius of 
        the normal work reporting location;
            ``(B) the driver returns to the work reporting location and 
        is released from work within 14 consecutive hours;
            ``(C) the driver has at least 10 consecutive hours off duty 
        following each 14 hours on duty;
            ``(D) the driver does not exceed 11 hours maximum driving 
        time following 10 consecutive hours off duty; and
            ``(E) the motor carrier that employs the driver maintains 
        and retains for a period of 6 months accurate and true time 
        records that show--
                ``(i) the time the driver reports for duty each day;
                ``(ii) the total number of hours the driver is on duty 
            each day;
                ``(iii) the time the driver is released from duty each 
            day; and
                ``(iv) the total time for the preceding driving week 
            the driver is used for the first time or intermittently.
        ``(2) Definition.--In this section, the term `driver of a ready 
    mixed concrete delivery vehicle' means a driver of a vehicle 
    designed to deliver ready mixed concrete on a daily basis and is 
    equipped with a mechanism under which the vehicle's propulsion 
    engine provides the power to operate a mixer drum to agitate and 
    mix the product en route to the delivery site.''.
SEC. 5522. TRANSPORTATION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT.
    Section 229(e)(4) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 
1999 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``50 air mile radius'' and inserting ``75 air 
    mile radius''; and
        (2) by striking ``the driver.'' and inserting ``the driver, 
    except that a State, upon notice to the Secretary, may establish a 
    different air mile radius limitation for purposes of this paragraph 
    if such limitation is between 50 and 75 air miles and applies only 
    to movements that take place entirely within the State.''.
SEC. 5523. COMMERCIAL DELIVERY OF LIGHT- AND MEDIUM-DUTY TRAILERS.
    (a) Definitions.--Section 31111(a) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) Trailer transporter towing unit.--The term `trailer 
    transporter towing unit' means a power unit that is not used to 
    carry property when operating in a towaway trailer transporter 
    combination.
        ``(7) Towaway trailer transporter combination.--The term 
    `towaway trailer transporter combination' means a combination of 
    vehicles consisting of a trailer transporter towing unit and 2 
    trailers or semitrailers--
            ``(A) with a total weight that does not exceed 26,000 
        pounds; and
            ``(B) in which the trailers or semitrailers carry no 
        property and constitute inventory property of a manufacturer, 
        distributor, or dealer of such trailers or semitrailers.''.
    (b) General Limitations.--Section 31111(b)(1) of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(H) has the effect of imposing an overall length limitation 
    of less than 82 feet on a towaway trailer transporter 
    combination.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Property-carrying unit limitation.--Section 31112(a)(1) of 
    such title is amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
    following: ``, but not including a trailer or a semitrailer 
    transported as part of a towaway trailer transporter combination 
    (as defined in section 31111(a))''.
        (2) Access to interstate system.--Section 31114(a)(2) of such 
    title is amended by inserting ``any towaway trailer transporter 
    combination (as defined in section 31111(a)),'' after 
    ``passengers,''.
SEC. 5524. EXEMPTIONS FROM REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN WELDING TRUCKS USED 
IN PIPELINE INDUSTRY.
    (a) Covered Motor Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered motor vehicle'' means a motor vehicle that--
        (1) is traveling in the State in which the vehicle is 
    registered or another State;
        (2) is owned by a welder;
        (3) is a pick-up style truck;
        (4) is equipped with a welding rig that is used in the 
    construction or maintenance of pipelines; and
        (5) has a gross vehicle weight and combination weight rating 
    and weight of 15,000 pounds or less.
    (b) Federal Requirements.--A covered motor vehicle, including the 
individual operating such vehicle and the employer of such individual, 
shall be exempt from the following:
        (1) Any requirement relating to registration as a motor 
    carrier, including the requirement to obtain and display a 
    Department of Transportation number, established under chapters 139 
    and 311 of title 49, United States Code.
        (2) Any requirement relating to driver qualifications 
    established under chapter 311 of title 49, United States Code.
        (3) Any requirement relating to driving of commercial motor 
    vehicles established under chapter 311 of title 49, United States 
    Code.
        (4) Any requirement relating to parts and accessories and 
    inspection, repair, and maintenance of commercial motor vehicles 
    established under chapter 311 of title 49, United States Code.
        (5) Any requirement relating to hours of service of drivers, 
    including maximum driving and on duty time, established under 
    chapter 315 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 5525. REPORT.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report describing the safety and enforcement impacts of sections 5520, 
5521, 5522, 5523, 5524, and 7208 of this Act.
    (b) Consultation.--In preparing the report required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with States, State law 
enforcement agencies, entities impacted by the sections described in 
subsection (a), and other entities the Secretary considers appropriate.

                          TITLE VI--INNOVATION

SEC. 6001. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 
2015''.
SEC. 6002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
        (1) Highway research and development program.--To carry out 
    section 503(b) of title 23, United States Code, $125,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
        (2) Technology and innovation deployment program.--To carry out 
    section 503(c) of title 23, United States Code--
            (A) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (3) Training and education.--To carry out section 504 of title 
    23, United States Code, $24,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
    through 2020.
        (4) Intelligent transportation systems program.--To carry out 
    sections 512 through 518 of title 23, United States Code, 
    $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
        (5) University transportation centers program.--To carry out 
    section 5505 of title 49, United States Code--
            (A) $72,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (B) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (C) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (D) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (E) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
        (6) Bureau of transportation statistics.--To carry out chapter 
    63 of title 49, United States Code, $26,000,000 for each of fiscal 
    years 2016 through 2020.
    (b) Administration.--The Federal Highway Administration shall--
        (1) administer the programs described in paragraphs (1), (2), 
    and (3) of subsection (a); and
        (2) in consultation with relevant modal administrations, 
    administer the programs described in subsection (a)(4).
    (c) Applicability of Title 23, United States Code.--Funds 
authorized to be appropriated by subsection (a) shall--
        (1) be available for obligation in the same manner as if those 
    funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States 
    Code, except that the Federal share of the cost of a project or 
    activity carried out using those funds shall be 80 percent, unless 
    otherwise expressly provided by this Act (including the amendments 
    by this Act) or otherwise determined by the Secretary; and
        (2) remain available until expended and not be transferable, 
    except as otherwise provided in this Act.
SEC. 6003. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION DEPLOYMENT PROGRAM.
    Section 503(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``2013 through 2014'' and 
    inserting ``2016 through 2020''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) Publication.--
                ``(i) In general.--Not less frequently than annually, 
            the Secretary shall issue and make available to the public 
            on an Internet website a report on the cost and benefits 
            from deployment of new technology and innovations that 
            substantially and directly resulted from the program 
            established under this paragraph.
                ``(ii) Inclusions.--The report under clause (i) may 
            include an analysis of--

                    ``(I) Federal, State, and local cost savings;
                    ``(II) project delivery time improvements;
                    ``(III) reduced fatalities; and
                    ``(IV) congestion impacts.''.

SEC. 6004. ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION AND CONGESTION MANAGEMENT 
TECHNOLOGIES DEPLOYMENT.
    Section 503(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Advanced transportation technologies deployment.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
        of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary shall establish 
        an advanced transportation and congestion management 
        technologies deployment initiative to provide grants to 
        eligible entities to develop model deployment sites for large 
        scale installation and operation of advanced transportation 
        technologies to improve safety, efficiency, system performance, 
        and infrastructure return on investment.
            ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall develop criteria for 
        selection of an eligible entity to receive a grant under this 
        paragraph, including how the deployment of technology will--
                ``(i) reduce costs and improve return on investments, 
            including through the enhanced use of existing 
            transportation capacity;
                ``(ii) deliver environmental benefits that alleviate 
            congestion and streamline traffic flow;
                ``(iii) measure and improve the operational performance 
            of the applicable transportation network;
                ``(iv) reduce the number and severity of traffic 
            crashes and increase driver, passenger, and pedestrian 
            safety;
                ``(v) collect, disseminate, and use real-time traffic, 
            transit, parking, and other transportation-related 
            information to improve mobility, reduce congestion, and 
            provide for more efficient and accessible transportation;
                ``(vi) monitor transportation assets to improve 
            infrastructure management, reduce maintenance costs, 
            prioritize investment decisions, and ensure a state of good 
            repair;
                ``(vii) deliver economic benefits by reducing delays, 
            improving system performance, and providing for the 
            efficient and reliable movement of goods and services; or
                ``(viii) accelerate the deployment of vehicle-to-
            vehicle, vehicle-to-infrastructure, autonomous vehicles, 
            and other technologies.
            ``(C) Applications.--
                ``(i) Request.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
            of enactment of this paragraph, and for every fiscal year 
            thereafter, the Secretary shall request applications in 
            accordance with clause (ii).
                ``(ii) Contents.--An application submitted under this 
            subparagraph shall include the following:

                    ``(I) Plan.--A plan to deploy and provide for the 
                long-term operation and maintenance of advanced 
                transportation and congestion management technologies 
                to improve safety, efficiency, system performance, and 
                return on investment.
                    ``(II) Objectives.--Quantifiable system performance 
                improvements, such as--

                        ``(aa) reducing traffic-related crashes, 
                    congestion, and costs;
                        ``(bb) optimizing system efficiency; and
                        ``(cc) improving access to transportation 
                    services.

                    ``(III) Results.--Quantifiable safety, mobility, 
                and environmental benefit projections such as data-
                driven estimates of how the project will improve the 
                region's transportation system efficiency and reduce 
                traffic congestion.
                    ``(IV) Partnerships.--A plan for partnering with 
                the private sector or public agencies, including 
                multimodal and multijurisdictional entities, research 
                institutions, organizations representing transportation 
                and technology leaders, or other transportation 
                stakeholders.
                    ``(V) Leveraging.--A plan to leverage and optimize 
                existing local and regional advanced transportation 
                technology investments.

            ``(D) Grant selection.--
                ``(i) Grant awards.--Not later than 1 year after the 
            date of enactment of this paragraph, and for every fiscal 
            year thereafter, the Secretary shall award grants to not 
            less than 5 and not more than 10 eligible entities.
                ``(ii) Geographic diversity.--In awarding a grant under 
            this paragraph, the Secretary shall ensure, to the extent 
            practicable, that grant recipients represent diverse 
            geographic areas of the United States, including urban and 
            rural areas.
                ``(iii) Technology diversity.--In awarding a grant 
            under this paragraph, the Secretary shall ensure, to the 
            extent practicable, that grant recipients represent diverse 
            technology solutions.
            ``(E) Use of grant funds.--A grant recipient may use funds 
        awarded under this paragraph to deploy advanced transportation 
        and congestion management technologies, including--
                ``(i) advanced traveler information systems;
                ``(ii) advanced transportation management technologies;
                ``(iii) infrastructure maintenance, monitoring, and 
            condition assessment;
                ``(iv) advanced public transportation systems;
                ``(v) transportation system performance data 
            collection, analysis, and dissemination systems;
                ``(vi) advanced safety systems, including vehicle-to-
            vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communications, 
            technologies associated with autonomous vehicles, and other 
            collision avoidance technologies, including systems using 
            cellular technology;
                ``(vii) integration of intelligent transportation 
            systems with the Smart Grid and other energy distribution 
            and charging systems;
                ``(viii) electronic pricing and payment systems; or
                ``(ix) advanced mobility and access technologies, such 
            as dynamic ridesharing and information systems to support 
            human services for elderly and disabled individuals.
            ``(F) Report to secretary.--For each eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this paragraph, not later than 1 year 
        after the entity receives the grant, and each year thereafter, 
        the entity shall submit a report to the Secretary that 
        describes--
                ``(i) deployment and operational costs of the project 
            compared to the benefits and savings the project provides; 
            and
                ``(ii) how the project has met the original 
            expectations projected in the deployment plan submitted 
            with the application, such as--

                    ``(I) data on how the project has helped reduce 
                traffic crashes, congestion, costs, and other benefits 
                of the deployed systems;
                    ``(II) data on the effect of measuring and 
                improving transportation system performance through the 
                deployment of advanced technologies;
                    ``(III) the effectiveness of providing real-time 
                integrated traffic, transit, and multimodal 
                transportation information to the public to make 
                informed travel decisions; and
                    ``(IV) lessons learned and recommendations for 
                future deployment strategies to optimize transportation 
                efficiency and multimodal system performance.

            ``(G) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date that 
        the first grant is awarded under this paragraph, and each year 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall make available to the public on 
        an Internet website a report that describes the effectiveness 
        of grant recipients in meeting their projected deployment 
        plans, including data provided under subparagraph (F) on how 
        the program has--
                ``(i) reduced traffic-related fatalities and injuries;
                ``(ii) reduced traffic congestion and improved travel 
            time reliability;
                ``(iii) reduced transportation-related emissions;
                ``(iv) optimized multimodal system performance;
                ``(v) improved access to transportation alternatives;
                ``(vi) provided the public with access to real-time 
            integrated traffic, transit, and multimodal transportation 
            information to make informed travel decisions;
                ``(vii) provided cost savings to transportation 
            agencies, businesses, and the traveling public; or
                ``(viii) provided other benefits to transportation 
            users and the general public.
            ``(H) Additional grants.--The Secretary may cease to 
        provide additional grant funds to a recipient of a grant under 
        this paragraph if--
                ``(i) the Secretary determines from such recipient's 
            report that the recipient is not carrying out the 
            requirements of the grant; and
                ``(ii) the Secretary provides written notice 60 days 
            prior to withholding funds to the Committees on 
            Transportation and Infrastructure and Science, Space, and 
            Technology of the House of Representatives and the 
            Committees on Environment and Public Works and Commerce, 
            Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
            ``(I) Funding.--
                ``(i) In general.--From funds made available to carry 
            out subsection (b), this subsection, and sections 512 
            through 518, the Secretary shall set aside for grants 
            awarded under subparagraph (D) $60,000,000 for each of 
            fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
                ``(ii) Expenses for the secretary.--Of the amounts set 
            aside under clause (i), the Secretary may set aside 
            $2,000,000 each fiscal year for program reporting, 
            evaluation, and administrative costs related to this 
            paragraph.
            ``(J) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project for which a grant is awarded under this subsection 
        shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of the project.
            ``(K) Grant limitation.--The Secretary may not award more 
        than 20 percent of the amount described under subparagraph (I) 
        in a fiscal year to a single grant recipient.
            ``(L) Expenses for grant recipients.--A grant recipient 
        under this paragraph may use not more than 5 percent of the 
        funds awarded each fiscal year to carry out planning and 
        reporting requirements.
            ``(M) Grant flexibility.--
                ``(i) In general.--If, by August 1 of each fiscal year, 
            the Secretary determines that there are not enough grant 
            applications that meet the requirements described in 
            subparagraph (C) to carry out this section for a fiscal 
            year, the Secretary shall transfer to the programs 
            specified in clause (ii)--

                    ``(I) any of the funds reserved for the fiscal year 
                under subparagraph (I) that the Secretary has not yet 
                awarded under this paragraph; and
                    ``(II) an amount of obligation limitation equal to 
                the amount of funds that the Secretary transfers under 
                subclause (I).

                ``(ii) Programs.--The programs referred to in clause 
            (i) are--

                    ``(I) the program under subsection (b);
                    ``(II) the program under this subsection; and
                    ``(III) the programs under sections 512 through 
                518.

                ``(iii) Distribution.--Any transfer of funds and 
            obligation limitation under clause (i) shall be divided 
            among the programs referred to in that clause in the same 
            proportions as the Secretary originally reserved funding 
            from the programs for the fiscal year under subparagraph 
            (I).
            ``(N) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the following 
        definitions apply:
                ``(i) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
            means a State or local government, a transit agency, 
            metropolitan planning organization representing a 
            population of over 200,000, or other political subdivision 
            of a State or local government or a multijurisdictional 
            group or a consortia of research institutions or academic 
            institutions.
                ``(ii) Advanced and congestion management 
            transportation technologies.--The term `advanced 
            transportation and congestion management technologies' 
            means technologies that improve the efficiency, safety, or 
            state of good repair of surface transportation systems, 
            including intelligent transportation systems.
                ``(iii) Multijurisdictional group.--The term 
            `multijurisdictional group' means a any combination of 
            State governments, local governments, metropolitan planning 
            agencies, transit agencies, or other political subdivisions 
            of a State for which each member of the group--

                    ``(I) has signed a written agreement to implement 
                the advanced transportation technologies deployment 
                initiative across jurisdictional boundaries; and
                    ``(II) is an eligible entity under this 
                paragraph.''.

SEC. 6005. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM GOALS.
    Section 514(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (4) by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (5) by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) enhancement of the national freight system and support to 
    national freight policy goals.''.
SEC. 6006. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PURPOSES.
    Section 514(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (8) by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (9) by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(10) to assist in the development of cybersecurity research 
    in cooperation with relevant modal administrations of the 
    Department of Transportation and other Federal agencies to help 
    prevent hacking, spoofing, and disruption of connected and 
    automated transportation vehicles.''.
SEC. 6007. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PROGRAM REPORT.
    Section 515(h)(4) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in 
the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
        (1) by striking ``February 1 of each year after the date of 
    enactment of the Transportation Research and Innovative Technology 
    Act of 2012'' and inserting ``May 1 of each year''; and
        (2) by striking ``submit to Congress'' and inserting ``make 
    available to the public on a Department of Transportation 
    website''.
SEC. 6008. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM NATIONAL ARCHITECTURE AND 
STANDARDS.
    Section 517(a)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``memberships are comprised of, and represent,'' and inserting 
``memberships include representatives of''.
SEC. 6009. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS DEPLOYMENT REPORT.
    Section 518(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``Not later than 3'' and all 
that follows through ``House of Representatives'' and inserting ``Not 
later than July 6, 2016, the Secretary shall make available to the 
public on a Department of Transportation website a report''.
SEC. 6010. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 519. Infrastructure development
    ``Funds made available to carry out this chapter for operational 
tests of intelligent transportation systems--
        ``(1) shall be used primarily for the development of 
    intelligent transportation system infrastructure, equipment, and 
    systems; and
        ``(2) to the maximum extent practicable, shall not be used for 
    the construction of physical surface transportation infrastructure 
    unless the construction is incidental and critically necessary to 
    the implementation of an intelligent transportation system 
    project.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Clerical amendment.--The analysis for chapter 5 of title 
    23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
    following:

``519. Infrastructure development.''.

        (2) Technical amendment.--The item relating to section 512 in 
    the analysis for chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, is 
    amended to read as follows:

``512. National ITS program plan.''.
SEC. 6011. DEPARTMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAMS.
    (a) Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.--Section 
102(e)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking ``5'' 
    and inserting ``6''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``an Assistant Secretary 
    for Research and Technology,'' after ``Governmental Affairs,''.
    (b) Research Activities.--Section 330 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in the section heading by striking ``contracts'' and 
    inserting ``activities'';
        (2) in subsection (a) by striking ``The Secretary of'' and 
    inserting ``In General.--The Secretary of'';
        (3) in subsection (b) by striking ``In carrying'' and inserting 
    ``Responsibilities.--In carrying'';
        (4) in subsection (c) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
    inserting ``Publications.--The Secretary''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Duties.--The Secretary shall provide for the following:
        ``(1) Coordination, facilitation, and review of Department of 
    Transportation research and development programs and activities.
        ``(2) Advancement, and research and development, of innovative 
    technologies, including intelligent transportation systems.
        ``(3) Comprehensive transportation statistics research, 
    analysis, and reporting.
        ``(4) Education and training in transportation and 
    transportation-related fields.
        ``(5) Activities of the Volpe National Transportation Systems 
    Center.
        ``(6) Coordination in support of multimodal and 
    multidisciplinary research activities.
    ``(e) Additional Authorities.--The Secretary may--
        ``(1) enter into grants and cooperative agreements with Federal 
    agencies, State and local government agencies, other public 
    entities, private organizations, and other persons to conduct 
    research into transportation service and infrastructure assurance 
    and to carry out other research activities of the Department of 
    Transportation;
        ``(2) carry out, on a cost-shared basis, collaborative research 
    and development to encourage innovative solutions to multimodal 
    transportation problems and stimulate the deployment of new 
    technology with--
            ``(A) non-Federal entities, including State and local 
        governments, foreign governments, institutions of higher 
        education, corporations, institutions, partnerships, sole 
        proprietorships, and trade associations that are incorporated 
        or established under the laws of any State;
            ``(B) Federal laboratories; and
            ``(C) other Federal agencies; and
        ``(3) directly initiate contracts, grants, cooperative research 
    and development agreements (as defined in section 12(d) of the 
    Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 
    3710a(d))), and other agreements to fund, and accept funds from, 
    the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, State 
    departments of transportation, cities, counties, institutions of 
    higher education, associations, and the agents of those entities to 
    carry out joint transportation research and technology efforts.
    ``(f) Federal Share.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Federal share 
    of the cost of an activity carried out under subsection (e)(3) 
    shall not exceed 50 percent.
        ``(2) Exception.--If the Secretary determines that the activity 
    is of substantial public interest or benefit, the Secretary may 
    approve a greater Federal share.
        ``(3) Non-federal share.--All costs directly incurred by the 
    non-Federal partners, including personnel, travel, facility, and 
    hardware development costs, shall be credited toward the non-
    Federal share of the cost of an activity described in subsection 
    (e)(3).
    ``(g) Program Evaluation and Oversight.--For each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020, the Secretary is authorized to expend not more than 
1 \1/2\ percent of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
coordination, evaluation, and oversight of the programs administered by 
the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.
    ``(h) Use of Technology.--The research, development, or use of a 
technology under a contract, grant, cooperative research and 
development agreement, or other agreement entered into under this 
section, including the terms under which the technology may be licensed 
and the resulting royalties may be distributed, shall be subject to the 
Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et 
seq.).
    ``(i) Waiver of Advertising Requirements.--Section 6101 of title 41 
shall not apply to a contract, grant, or other agreement entered into 
under this section.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 330 in the 
analysis of chapter 3 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``330. Research activities.''.

    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Title 5 amendments.--
            (A) Positions at level ii.--Section 5313 of title 5, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``The Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security.''.
            (B) Positions at level iv.--Section 5315 of title 5, United 
        States Code, is amended in the undesignated item relating to 
        Assistant Secretaries of Transportation by striking ``(4)'' and 
        inserting ``(5)''.
            (C) Positions at level v.--Section 5316 of title 5, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``Associate Deputy 
        Secretary, Department of Transportation.''.
        (2) Bureau of transportation statistics.--Section 6302 of title 
    49, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (a) and 
    inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--There shall be within the Department of 
Transportation the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.''.
SEC. 6012. RESEARCH AND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 112 of title 49, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
112.
SEC. 6013. WEB-BASED TRAINING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS.
    Section 5115(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended in the 
first sentence by inserting ``, including online curriculum as 
appropriate,'' after ``a current curriculum of courses''.
SEC. 6014. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
    Section 5118 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) coordinate, as appropriate, with other Federal 
        agencies.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Cooperative Research.--
        ``(1) In general.--As part of the program established under 
    subsection (a), the Secretary may carry out cooperative research on 
    hazardous materials transport.
        ``(2) National academies.--The Secretary may enter into an 
    agreement with the National Academies to support research described 
    in paragraph (1).
        ``(3) Research.--Research conducted under this subsection may 
    include activities relating to--
            ``(A) emergency planning and response, including 
        information and programs that can be readily assessed and 
        implemented in local jurisdictions;
            ``(B) risk analysis and perception and data assessment;
            ``(C) commodity flow data, including voluntary 
        collaboration between shippers and first responders for secure 
        data exchange of critical information;
            ``(D) integration of safety and security;
            ``(E) cargo packaging and handling;
            ``(F) hazmat release consequences; and
            ``(G) materials and equipment testing.''.
SEC. 6015. OFFICE OF INTERMODALISM.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 5503 of title 49, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 55 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
5503.
SEC. 6016. UNIVERSITY TRANSPORTATION CENTERS.
    Section 5505 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 5505. University transportation centers program
    ``(a) University Transportation Centers Program.--
        ``(1) Establishment and operation.--The Secretary shall make 
    grants under this section to eligible nonprofit institutions of 
    higher education to establish and operate university transportation 
    centers.
        ``(2) Role of centers.--The role of each university 
    transportation center referred to in paragraph (1) shall be--
            ``(A) to advance transportation expertise and technology in 
        the varied disciplines that comprise the field of 
        transportation through education, research, and technology 
        transfer activities;
            ``(B) to provide for a critical transportation knowledge 
        base outside of the Department of Transportation; and
            ``(C) to address critical workforce needs and educate the 
        next generation of transportation leaders.
    ``(b) Competitive Selection Process.--
        ``(1) Applications.--To receive a grant under this section, a 
    consortium of nonprofit institutions of higher education shall 
    submit to the Secretary an application that is in such form and 
    contains such information as the Secretary may require.
        ``(2) Restriction.--
            ``(A) Limitation.--A lead institution of a consortium of 
        nonprofit institutions of higher education, as applicable, may 
        only receive 1 grant per fiscal year for each of the 
        transportation centers described under paragraphs (2), (3), and 
        (4) of subsection (c).
            ``(B) Exception for consortium members that are not lead 
        institutions.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a nonprofit 
        institution of higher education that is a member of a 
        consortium of nonprofit institutions of higher education but 
        not the lead institution of such consortium.
        ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall solicit grant 
    applications for national transportation centers, regional 
    transportation centers, and Tier 1 university transportation 
    centers with identical advertisement schedules and deadlines.
        ``(4) General selection criteria.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided by this 
        section, the Secretary shall award grants under this section in 
        nonexclusive candidate topic areas established by the Secretary 
        that address the research priorities identified in chapter 65.
            ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology and the 
        Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration and other 
        modal administrations as appropriate, shall select each 
        recipient of a grant under this section through a competitive 
        process based on the assessment of the Secretary relating to--
                ``(i) the demonstrated ability of the recipient to 
            address each specific topic area described in the research 
            and strategic plans of the recipient;
                ``(ii) the demonstrated research, technology transfer, 
            and education resources available to the recipient to carry 
            out this section;
                ``(iii) the ability of the recipient to provide 
            leadership in solving immediate and long-range national and 
            regional transportation problems;
                ``(iv) the ability of the recipient to carry out 
            research, education, and technology transfer activities 
            that are multimodal and multidisciplinary in scope;
                ``(v) the demonstrated commitment of the recipient to 
            carry out transportation workforce development programs 
            through--

                    ``(I) degree-granting programs or programs that 
                provide other industry-recognized credentials; and
                    ``(II) outreach activities to attract new entrants 
                into the transportation field, including women and 
                underrepresented populations;

                ``(vi) the demonstrated ability of the recipient to 
            disseminate results and spur the implementation of 
            transportation research and education programs through 
            national or statewide continuing education programs;
                ``(vii) the demonstrated commitment of the recipient to 
            the use of peer review principles and other research best 
            practices in the selection, management, and dissemination 
            of research projects;
                ``(viii) the strategic plan submitted by the recipient 
            describing the proposed research to be carried out by the 
            recipient and the performance metrics to be used in 
            assessing the performance of the recipient in meeting the 
            stated research, technology transfer, education, and 
            outreach goals; and
                ``(ix) the ability of the recipient to implement the 
            proposed program in a cost-efficient manner, such as 
            through cost sharing and overall reduced overhead, 
            facilities, and administrative costs.
        ``(5) Transparency.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide to each 
        applicant, upon request, any materials, including copies of 
        reviews (with any information that would identify a reviewer 
        redacted), used in the evaluation process of the proposal of 
        the applicant.
            ``(B) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and Science, 
        Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
        report describing the overall review process under paragraph 
        (4) that includes--
                ``(i) specific criteria of evaluation used in the 
            review;
                ``(ii) descriptions of the review process; and
                ``(iii) explanations of the selected awards.
        ``(6) Outside stakeholders.--The Secretary shall, to the 
    maximum extent practicable, consult external stakeholders, 
    including the Transportation Research Board of the National 
    Research Council of the National Academies, to evaluate and 
    competitively review all proposals.
    ``(c) Grants.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this section, the Secretary shall select grant 
    recipients under subsection (b) and make grant amounts available to 
    the selected recipients.
        ``(2) National transportation centers.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
        Secretary shall provide grants to 5 consortia that the 
        Secretary determines best meet the criteria described in 
        subsection (b)(4).
            ``(B) Restrictions.--
                ``(i) In general.--For each fiscal year, a grant made 
            available under this paragraph shall be not greater than 
            $4,000,000 and not less than $2,000,000 per recipient.
                ``(ii) Focused research.--A consortium receiving a 
            grant under this paragraph shall focus research on 1 of the 
            transportation issue areas specified in section 6503(c).
            ``(C) Matching requirement.--
                ``(i) In general.--As a condition of receiving a grant 
            under this paragraph, a grant recipient shall match 100 
            percent of the amounts made available under the grant.
                ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts referred to in 
            clause (i) may include amounts made available to the 
            recipient under--

                    ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                    ``(II) section 505 of title 23.

        ``(3) Regional university transportation centers.--
            ``(A) Location of regional centers.--One regional 
        university transportation center shall be located in each of 
        the 10 Federal regions that comprise the Standard Federal 
        Regions established by the Office of Management and Budget in 
        the document entitled `Standard Federal Regions' and dated 
        April 1974 (circular A-105).
            ``(B) Selection criteria.--In conducting a competition 
        under subsection (b), the Secretary shall provide grants to 10 
        consortia on the basis of--
                ``(i) the criteria described in subsection (b)(4);
                ``(ii) the location of the lead center within the 
            Federal region to be served; and
                ``(iii) whether the consortium of institutions 
            demonstrates that the consortium has a well-established, 
            nationally recognized program in transportation research 
            and education, as evidenced by--

                    ``(I) recent expenditures by the institution in 
                highway or public transportation research;
                    ``(II) a historical track record of awarding 
                graduate degrees in professional fields closely related 
                to highways and public transportation; and
                    ``(III) an experienced faculty who specialize in 
                professional fields closely related to highways and 
                public transportation.

            ``(C) Restrictions.--For each fiscal year, a grant made 
        available under this paragraph shall be not greater than 
        $3,000,000 and not less than $1,500,000 per recipient.
            ``(D) Matching requirements.--
                ``(i) In general.--As a condition of receiving a grant 
            under this paragraph, a grant recipient shall match 100 
            percent of the amounts made available under the grant.
                ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts referred to in 
            clause (i) may include amounts made available to the 
            recipient under--

                    ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                    ``(II) section 505 of title 23.

            ``(E) Focused research.--The Secretary shall make a grant 
        to 1 of the 10 regional university transportation centers 
        established under this paragraph for the purpose of furthering 
        the objectives described in subsection (a)(2) in the field of 
        comprehensive transportation safety, congestion, connected 
        vehicles, connected infrastructure, and autonomous vehicles.
        ``(4) Tier 1 university transportation centers.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide grants of 
        not greater than $2,000,000 and not less than $1,000,000 to not 
        more than 20 recipients to carry out this paragraph.
            ``(B) Matching requirement.--
                ``(i) In general.--As a condition of receiving a grant 
            under this paragraph, a grant recipient shall match 50 
            percent of the amounts made available under the grant.
                ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts referred to in 
            clause (i) may include amounts made available to the 
            recipient under--

                    ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                    ``(II) section 505 of title 23.

            ``(C) Focused research.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, consideration shall be given to minority institutions, 
        as defined by section 365 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
        (20 U.S.C. 1067k), or consortia that include such institutions 
        that have demonstrated an ability in transportation-related 
        research.
    ``(d) Program Coordination.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) coordinate the research, education, and technology 
        transfer activities carried out by grant recipients under this 
        section; and
            ``(B) disseminate the results of that research through the 
        establishment and operation of a publicly accessible online 
        information clearinghouse.
        ``(2) Annual review and evaluation.--Not less frequently than 
    annually, and consistent with the plan developed under section 
    6503, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) review and evaluate the programs carried out under 
        this section by grant recipients; and
            ``(B) submit to the Committees on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure and Science, Space, and Technology of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committees on Environment and Public 
        Works and Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
        report describing that review and evaluation.
        ``(3) Program evaluation and oversight.--For each of fiscal 
    years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall expend not more than 1 
    and a half percent of the amounts made available to the Secretary 
    to carry out this section for any coordination, evaluation, and 
    oversight activities of the Secretary under this section.
    ``(e) Limitation on Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made 
available to the Secretary to carry out this section shall remain 
available for obligation by the Secretary for a period of 3 years after 
the last day of the fiscal year for which the amounts are authorized.
    ``(f) Information Collection.--Any survey, questionnaire, or 
interview that the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out 
reporting requirements relating to any program assessment or evaluation 
activity under this section, including customer satisfaction 
assessments, shall not be subject to chapter 35 of title 44.''.
SEC. 6017. BUREAU OF TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS.
    Section 6302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(d) Independence of Bureau.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Director shall not be required--
            ``(A) to obtain the approval of any other officer or 
        employee of the Department with respect to the collection or 
        analysis of any information; or
            ``(B) prior to publication, to obtain the approval of any 
        other officer or employee of the United States Government with 
        respect to the substance of any statistical technical reports 
        or press releases lawfully prepared by the Director.
        ``(2) Budget authority.--The Director shall have a significant 
    role in the disposition and allocation of the authorized budget of 
    the Bureau, including--
            ``(A) all hiring, grants, cooperative agreements, and 
        contracts awarded by the Bureau to carry out this section; and
            ``(B) the disposition and allocation of amounts paid to the 
        Bureau for cost-reimbursable projects.
        ``(3) Exceptions.--The Secretary shall direct external support 
    functions, such as the coordination of activities involving 
    multiple modal administrations.
        ``(4) Information technology.--The Department Chief Information 
    Officer shall consult with the Director to ensure decisions related 
    to information technology guarantee the protection of the 
    confidentiality of information provided solely for statistical 
    purposes, in accordance with the Confidential Information 
    Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 
    note; Public Law 107-347).''.
SEC. 6018. PORT PERFORMANCE FREIGHT STATISTICS PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 63 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 6314. Port performance freight statistics program
    ``(a) In General.--The Director shall establish, on behalf of the 
Secretary, a port performance statistics program to provide nationally 
consistent measures of performance of, at a minimum--
        ``(1) the Nation's top 25 ports by tonnage;
        ``(2) the Nation's top 25 ports by 20-foot equivalent unit; and
        ``(3) the Nation's top 25 ports by dry bulk.
    ``(b) Reports.--
        ``(1) Port capacity and throughput.--Not later than January 15 
    of each year, the Director shall submit an annual report to 
    Congress that includes statistics on capacity and throughput at the 
    ports described in subsection (a).
        ``(2) Port performance measures.--The Director shall collect 
    port performance measures for each of the United States ports 
    referred to in subsection (a) that--
            ``(A) receives Federal assistance; or
            ``(B) is subject to Federal regulation to submit necessary 
        information to the Bureau that includes statistics on capacity 
        and throughput as applicable to the specific configuration of 
        the port.
    ``(c) Recommendations.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Director shall obtain recommendations 
    for--
            ``(A) port performance measures, including specifications 
        and data measurements to be used in the program established 
        under subsection (a); and
            ``(B) a process for the Department to collect timely and 
        consistent data, including identifying safeguards to protect 
        proprietary information described in subsection (b)(2).
        ``(2) Working group.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
    the enactment of the Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 2015, the 
    Director shall commission a working group composed of--
            ``(A) operating administrations of the Department;
            ``(B) the Coast Guard;
            ``(C) the Federal Maritime Commission;
            ``(D) U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
            ``(E) the Marine Transportation System National Advisory 
        Council;
            ``(F) the Army Corps of Engineers;
            ``(G) the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation;
            ``(H) the Bureau of Labor Statistics;
            ``(I) the Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational 
        Safety and Health;
            ``(J) the Advisory Committee on Supply Chain 
        Competitiveness;
            ``(K) 1 representative from the rail industry;
            ``(L) 1 representative from the trucking industry;
            ``(M) 1 representative from the maritime shipping industry;
            ``(N) 1 representative from a labor organization for each 
        industry described in subparagraphs (K) through (M);
            ``(O) 1 representative from the International 
        Longshoremen's Association;
            ``(P) 1 representative from the International Longshore and 
        Warehouse Union;
            ``(Q) 1 representative from a port authority;
            ``(R) 1 representative from a terminal operator;
            ``(S) representatives of the National Freight Advisory 
        Committee of the Department; and
            ``(T) representatives of the Transportation Research Board 
        of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine.
        ``(3) Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    the enactment of the Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 2015, the 
    working group commissioned under paragraph (2) shall submit its 
    recommendations to the Director.
    ``(d) Access to Data.--The Director shall ensure that--
        ``(1) the statistics compiled under this section--
            ``(A) are readily accessible to the public; and
            ``(B) are consistent with applicable security constraints 
        and confidentiality interests; and
        ``(2) the data acquired, regardless of source, shall be 
    protected in accordance with the Confidential Information 
    Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 
    note; Public Law 107-347).''.
    (b) Prohibition on Certain Disclosures; Copies of Reports.--Section 
6307(b) of such title is amended, by inserting ``or section 6314(b)'' 
after ``section 6302(b)(3)(B)'' each place it appears.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 63 of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

``6314. Port performance freight statistics program.''.
SEC. 6019. RESEARCH PLANNING.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
        (1) Federal transportation research planning--
            (A) should be coordinated by the Office of the Secretary; 
        and
            (B) should be, to the extent practicable, multimodal and 
        not occur solely within the sub-agencies of the Department;
        (2) managing a multimodal research portfolio within the Office 
    of the Secretary will--
            (A) help identify opportunities in which research could be 
        applied across modes; and
            (B) prevent duplication of efforts and waste of limited 
        Federal resources;
        (3) the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology at the 
    Department of Transportation will--
            (A) give stakeholders a formal opportunity to address 
        concerns;
            (B) ensure unbiased research; and
            (C) improve the overall research products of the 
        Department; and
        (4) increasing transparency of transportation research and 
    development efforts will--
            (A) build stakeholder confidence in the final product; and
            (B) lead to the improved implementation of research 
        findings.
    (b) Research Planning.--
        (1) In general.--Subtitle III of title 49, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after chapter 63 the following:

                    ``CHAPTER 65--RESEARCH PLANNING

``Sec.
``6501. Annual modal research plans.
``6502. Consolidated research database.
``6503. Transportation research and development 5-year strategic plan.

``SEC. 6501. ANNUAL MODAL RESEARCH PLANS.
    ``(a) Modal Plans Required.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than May 1 of each year, the head 
    of each modal administration and joint program office of the 
    Department of Transportation shall submit to the Assistant 
    Secretary for Research and Technology of the Department of 
    Transportation (referred to in this chapter as the `Assistant 
    Secretary') a comprehensive annual modal research plan for the 
    upcoming fiscal year and a detailed outlook for the following 
    fiscal year.
        ``(2) Relationship to strategic plan.--Each plan submitted 
    under paragraph (1), after the plan required in 2016, shall be 
    consistent with the strategic plan developed under section 6503.
    ``(b) Review.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than September 1 of each year, the 
    Assistant Secretary, for each plan and outlook submitted pursuant 
    to subsection (a), shall--
            ``(A) review the scope of the research; and
            ``(B)(i) approve the plan and outlook; or
            ``(ii) request that the plan and outlook be revised and 
        resubmitted for approval.
        ``(2) Publications.--Not later than January 30 of each year, 
    the Secretary shall publish on a public website each plan and 
    outlook that has been approved under paragraph (1)(B)(i).
        ``(3) Rejection of duplicative research efforts.--The Assistant 
    Secretary may not approve any plan submitted by the head of a modal 
    administration or joint program office pursuant to subsection (a) 
    if any of the projects described in the plan duplicate significant 
    aspects of research efforts of any other modal administration.
    ``(c) Funding Limitations.--No funds may be expended by the 
Department of Transportation on research that has been determined by 
the Assistant Secretary under subsection (b)(3) to be duplicative 
unless--
        ``(1) the research is required by an Act of Congress;
        ``(2) the research was part of a contract that was funded 
    before the date of enactment of this chapter;
        ``(3) the research updates previously commissioned research; or
        ``(4) the Assistant Secretary certifies to Congress that such 
    research is necessary, and provides justification for such 
    certification.
    ``(d) Certification.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually certify to 
    Congress that--
            ``(A) each modal research plan has been reviewed; and
            ``(B) there is no duplication of study for research 
        directed, commissioned, or conducted by the Department of 
        Transportation.
        ``(2) Corrective action plan.--If the Secretary, after 
    submitting a certification under paragraph (1), identifies 
    duplication of research within the Department of Transportation, 
    the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) notify Congress of the duplicative research; and
            ``(B) submit to Congress a corrective action plan to 
        eliminate the duplicative research.
``SEC. 6502. CONSOLIDATED RESEARCH DATABASE.
    ``(a) Research Abstract Database.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually publish on a 
    public website a comprehensive database of all research projects 
    conducted by the Department of Transportation, including, to the 
    extent practicable, research funded through University 
    Transportation Centers.
        ``(2) Contents.--The database published under paragraph (1) 
    shall, to the extent practicable--
            ``(A) include the consolidated modal research plans 
        approved under section 6501(b)(1)(B)(i);
            ``(B) describe the research objectives, progress, findings, 
        and allocated funds for each research project;
            ``(C) identify research projects with multimodal 
        applications;
            ``(D) specify how relevant modal administrations have 
        assisted, will contribute to, or plan to use the findings from 
        the research projects identified under paragraph (1);
            ``(E) identify areas in which more than 1 modal 
        administration is conducting research on a similar subject or a 
        subject that has a bearing on more than 1 mode;
            ``(F) indicate how the findings of research are being 
        disseminated to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and 
        safety of transportation systems; and
            ``(G) describe the public and stakeholder input to the 
        research plans submitted under section 6501(a)(1).
    ``(b) Funding Report.--In conjunction with each of the annual 
budget requests submitted by the President under section 1105 of title 
31, the Secretary shall annually publish on a public website and submit 
to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that describes--
        ``(1) the amount spent in the last full fiscal year on 
    transportation research and development with specific descriptions 
    of projects funded at $5,000,000 or more; and
        ``(2) the amount proposed in the current budget for 
    transportation research and development with specific descriptions 
    of projects funded at $5,000,000 or more.
    ``(c) Performance Plans and Reports.--In the plans and reports 
submitted under sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31, the Secretary shall 
include--
        ``(1) a summary of the Federal transportation research and 
    development activities for the previous fiscal year in each topic 
    area;
        ``(2) the amount spent in each topic area;
        ``(3) a description of the extent to which the research and 
    development is meeting the expectations described in section 
    6503(c)(1); and
        ``(4) any amendments to the strategic plan developed under 
    section 6503.
``SEC. 6503. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 5-YEAR STRATEGIC 
PLAN.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall develop a 5-year 
transportation research and development strategic plan to guide future 
Federal transportation research and development activities.
    ``(b) Consistency.--The strategic plan developed under subsection 
(a) shall be consistent with--
        ``(1) section 306 of title 5;
        ``(2) sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31; and
        ``(3) any other research and development plan within the 
    Department of Transportation.
    ``(c) Contents.--The strategic plan developed under subsection (a) 
shall--
        ``(1) describe how the plan furthers the primary purposes of 
    the transportation research and development program, which shall 
    include--
            ``(A) improving mobility of people and goods;
            ``(B) reducing congestion;
            ``(C) promoting safety;
            ``(D) improving the durability and extending the life of 
        transportation infrastructure;
            ``(E) preserving the environment; and
            ``(F) preserving the existing transportation system;
        ``(2) for each of the purposes referred to in paragraph (1), 
    list the primary proposed research and development activities that 
    the Department of Transportation intends to pursue to accomplish 
    that purpose, which may include--
            ``(A) fundamental research pertaining to the applied 
        physical and natural sciences;
            ``(B) applied science and research;
            ``(C) technology development research; and
            ``(D) social science research; and
        ``(3) for each research and development activity--
            ``(A) identify the anticipated annual funding levels for 
        the period covered by the strategic plan; and
            ``(B) describe the research findings the Department expects 
        to discover at the end of the period covered by the strategic 
        plan.
    ``(d) Considerations.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
strategic plan developed under this section--
        ``(1) reflects input from a wide range of external 
    stakeholders;
        ``(2) includes and integrates the research and development 
    programs of all of the modal administrations of the Department of 
    Transportation, including aviation, transit, rail, and maritime and 
    joint programs;
        ``(3) takes into account research and development by other 
    Federal, State, local, private sector, and nonprofit institutions;
        ``(4) not later than December 31, 2016, is published on a 
    public website; and
        ``(5) takes into account how research and development by other 
    Federal, State, private sector, and nonprofit institutions--
            ``(A) contributes to the achievement of the purposes 
        identified under subsection (c)(1); and
            ``(B) avoids unnecessary duplication of those efforts.
    ``(e) Interim Report.--Not later than 2 \1/2\ years after the date 
of enactment of this chapter, the Secretary may publish on a public 
website an interim report that--
        ``(1) provides an assessment of the 5-year research and 
    development strategic plan of the Department of Transportation 
    described in this section; and
        ``(2) includes a description of the extent to which the 
    research and development is or is not successfully meeting the 
    purposes described under subsection (c)(1).''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of chapters for 
subtitle III of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``63. Bureau of Transportation Statistics......................... 6301 

``65. Research planning..........................................6501''.

    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Chapter 5 of title 23.--Chapter 5 of title 23, United 
    States Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking section 508;
            (B) in the table of contents, by striking the item relating 
        to section 508;
            (C) in section 502--
                (i) in subsection (a)(9), by striking ``transportation 
            research and technology development strategic plan 
            developed under section 508'' and inserting 
            ``transportation research and development strategic plan 
            under section 6503 of title 49''; and
                (ii) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``transportation 
            research and development strategic plan of the Secretary 
            developed under section 508'' and inserting 
            ``transportation research and development strategic plan 
            under section 6503 of title 49''; and
            (D) in section 512(b), by striking ``as part of the 
        transportation research and development strategic plan 
        developed under section 508''.
        (2) Intelligent transportation systems.--The Intelligent 
    Transportation Systems Act of 1998 (23 U.S.C. 502 note; Public Law 
    105-178) is amended--
            (A) in section 5205(b), by striking ``as part of the 
        Surface Transportation Research and Development Strategic Plan 
        developed under section 508 of title 23'' and inserting ``as 
        part of the transportation research and development strategic 
        plan under section 6503 of title 49''; and
            (B) in section 5206(e)(2)(A), by striking ``or the Surface 
        Transportation Research and Development Strategic Plan 
        developed under section 508 of title 23'' and inserting ``or 
        the transportation research and development strategic plan 
        under section 6503 of title 49''.
        (3) Intelligent transportation system research.--Section 
    5305(h)(3)(A) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 512 note; Public Law 109-59) 
    is amended by striking ``the strategic plan under section 508 of 
    title 23, United States Code'' and inserting ``the 5-year strategic 
    plan under 6503 of title 49, United States Code''.
SEC. 6020. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FUNDING ALTERNATIVES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program to provide 
grants to States to demonstrate user-based alternative revenue 
mechanisms that utilize a user fee structure to maintain the long-term 
solvency of the Highway Trust Fund.
    (b) Application.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, a 
State or group of States shall submit to the Secretary an application 
in such form and containing such information as the Secretary may 
require.
    (c) Objectives.--The Secretary shall ensure that the activities 
carried out using funds provided under this section meet the following 
objectives:
        (1) To test the design, acceptance, and implementation of 2 or 
    more future user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
        (2) To improve the functionality of such user-based alternative 
    revenue mechanisms.
        (3) To conduct outreach to increase public awareness regarding 
    the need for alternative funding sources for surface transportation 
    programs and to provide information on possible approaches.
        (4) To provide recommendations regarding adoption and 
    implementation of user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
        (5) To minimize the administrative cost of any potential user-
    based alternative revenue mechanisms.
    (d) Use of Funds.--A State or group of States receiving funds under 
this section to test the design, acceptance, and implementation of a 
user-based alternative revenue mechanism--
        (1) shall address--
            (A) the implementation, interoperability, public 
        acceptance, and other potential hurdles to the adoption of the 
        user-based alternative revenue mechanism;
            (B) the protection of personal privacy;
            (C) the use of independent and private third-party vendors 
        to collect fees and operate the user-based alternative revenue 
        mechanism;
            (D) market-based congestion mitigation, if appropriate;
            (E) equity concerns, including the impacts of the user-
        based alternative revenue mechanism on differing income groups, 
        various geographic areas, and the relative burdens on rural and 
        urban drivers;
            (F) ease of compliance for different users of the 
        transportation system; and
            (G) the reliability and security of technology used to 
        implement the user-based alternative revenue mechanism; and
        (2) may address--
            (A) the flexibility and choices of user-based alternative 
        revenue mechanisms, including the ability of users to select 
        from various technology and payment options;
            (B) the cost of administering the user-based alternative 
        revenue mechanism; and
            (C) the ability of the administering entity to audit and 
        enforce user compliance.
    (e) Consideration.--The Secretary shall consider geographic 
diversity in awarding grants under this section.
    (f) Limitations on Revenue Collected.--Any revenue collected 
through a user-based alternative revenue mechanism established using 
funds provided under this section shall not be considered a toll under 
section 301 of title 23, United States Code.
    (g) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of an activity 
carried out under this section may not exceed 50 percent of the total 
cost of the activity.
    (h) Report to Secretary.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
which the first eligible entity receives a grant under this section, 
and each year thereafter, each recipient of a grant under this section 
shall submit to the Secretary a report that describes--
        (1) how the demonstration activities carried out with grant 
    funds meet the objectives described in subsection (c); and
        (2) lessons learned for future deployment of alternative 
    revenue mechanisms that utilize a user fee structure.
    (i) Biennial Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter until the 
completion of the demonstration activities under this section, the 
Secretary shall make available to the public on an Internet website a 
report describing the progress of the demonstration activities.
    (j) Funding.--Of the funds authorized to carry out section 503(b) 
of title 23, United States Code--
        (1) $15,000,000 shall be used to carry out this section for 
    fiscal year 2016; and
        (2) $20,000,000 shall be used to carry out this section for 
    each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
    (k) Grant Flexibility.--If, by August 1 of each fiscal year, the 
Secretary determines that there are not enough grant applications that 
meet the requirements of this section for a fiscal year, Secretary 
shall transfer to the program under section 503(b) of title 23, United 
States Code--
        (1) any of the funds reserved for the fiscal year under 
    subsection (j) that the Secretary has not yet awarded under this 
    section; and
        (2) an amount of obligation limitation equal to the amount of 
    funds that the Secretary transfers under paragraph (1).
SEC. 6021. FUTURE INTERSTATE STUDY.
    (a) Future Interstate System Study.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into an 
agreement with the Transportation Research Board of the National 
Academies to conduct a study on the actions needed to upgrade and 
restore the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and 
Defense Highways to its role as a premier system that meets the growing 
and shifting demands of the 21st century.
    (b) Methodologies.--In conducting the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall build on the methodologies examined and 
recommended in the report prepared for the American Association of 
State Highway and Transportation Officials titled ``National 
Cooperative Highway Research Program Project 20-24(79): Specifications 
for a National Study of the Future 3R, 4R, and Capacity Needs of the 
Interstate System'', dated December 2013.
    (c) Contents of Study.--The study--
        (1) shall include specific recommendations regarding the 
    features, standards, capacity needs, application of technologies, 
    and intergovernmental roles to upgrade the Interstate System, 
    including any revisions to law (including regulations) that the 
    Transportation Research Board determines appropriate; and
        (2) is encouraged to build on the institutional knowledge in 
    the highway industry in applying the techniques involved in 
    implementing the study.
    (d) Considerations.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall determine the need for reconstruction and 
improvement of the Interstate System by considering--
        (1) future demands on transportation infrastructure determined 
    for national planning purposes, including commercial and private 
    traffic flows to serve future economic activity and growth;
        (2) the expected condition of the current Interstate System 
    over the period of 50 years beginning on the date of enactment of 
    this Act, including long-term deterioration and reconstruction 
    needs;
        (3) features that would take advantage of technological 
    capabilities to address modern standards of construction, 
    maintenance, and operations, for purposes of safety, and system 
    management, taking into further consideration system performance 
    and cost;
        (4) those National Highway System routes that should be added 
    to the existing Interstate System to more efficiently serve 
    national traffic flows; and
        (5) the resources necessary to maintain and improve the 
    Interstate System, including the resources required to upgrade the 
    National Highway System routes identified in paragraph (4) to 
    Interstate standards.
    (e) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board--
        (1) shall convene and consult with a panel of national experts, 
    including operators and users of the Interstate System and private 
    sector stakeholders; and
        (2) is encouraged to consult with--
            (A) the Federal Highway Administration;
            (B) States;
            (C) planning agencies at the metropolitan, State, and 
        regional levels;
            (D) the motor carrier industry;
            (E) freight shippers;
            (F) highway safety groups; and
            (G) other appropriate entities.
    (f) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Transportation Research Board shall submit to the 
Secretary, the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate, 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the study conducted under 
this section.
    (g) Funding.--From amounts authorized to carry out the Highway 
Research and Development Program, the Secretary shall use to carry out 
this section not more than $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
SEC. 6022. HIGHWAY EFFICIENCY.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary may examine the impact of 
    pavement durability and sustainability on vehicle fuel consumption, 
    vehicle wear and tear, road conditions, and road repairs.
        (2) Methodology.--In carrying out the study, the Secretary 
    shall--
            (A) conduct a thorough review of relevant peer-reviewed 
        research published during at least the past 5 years;
            (B) analyze impacts of different types of pavement on all 
        motor vehicle types, including commercial vehicles;
            (C) specifically examine the impact of pavement deformation 
        and deflection; and
            (D) analyze impacts of different types of pavement on road 
        conditions and road repairs.
        (3) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the Secretary 
    shall consult with--
            (A) modal administrations of the Department and other 
        Federal agencies, including the National Institute of Standards 
        and Technology;
            (B) State departments of transportation;
            (C) industry stakeholders; and
            (D) appropriate academic experts.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish on a public 
    website a report describing the results of the study.
        (2) Contents.--The report shall include--
            (A) a summary of the different types of pavements analyzed 
        in the study and the impacts of pavement durability and 
        sustainability on safety, vehicle fuel consumption, vehicle 
        wear and tear, road conditions, and road repairs; and
            (B) recommendations for State and local governments on best 
        practice methods for improving pavement durability and 
        sustainability to maximize vehicle fuel economy, improve 
        safety, ride quality, and road conditions, and to minimize the 
        need for road and vehicle repairs.
SEC. 6023. TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY WORKING GROUP.
    To improve the scientific pursuit and research procedures 
concerning transportation, the Secretary may convene an interagency 
working group--
        (1) to identify opportunities for coordination between the 
    Department and universities and the private sector; and
        (2) to identify and develop a plan to address related workforce 
    development needs.
SEC. 6024. COLLABORATION AND SUPPORT.
    The Secretary may solicit the support of, and identify 
opportunities to collaborate with, other Federal research agencies and 
national laboratories to assist in the effective and efficient pursuit 
and resolution of research challenges identified by the Secretary.
SEC. 6025. GAO REPORT.
    Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a 
report that--
        (1) assesses the status of autonomous transportation technology 
    policy developed by public entities in the United States;
        (2) assesses the organizational readiness of the Department to 
    address autonomous vehicle technology challenges, including 
    consumer privacy protections; and
        (3) recommends implementation paths for autonomous 
    transportation technology, applications, and policies that are 
    based on the assessment described in paragraph (2).
SEC. 6026. TRAFFIC CONGESTION.
    (a) Congestion Research.--The Secretary may conduct research on the 
reduction of traffic congestion.
    (b) Consideration.--The Secretary may--
        (1) recommend research to accelerate the adoption of 
    transportation management systems that allow traffic to flow in the 
    safest and most efficient manner possible while alleviating current 
    and future traffic congestion challenges;
        (2) assess and analyze traffic, transit, and freight data from 
    various sources relevant to efforts to reduce traffic congestion so 
    as to maximize mobility, efficiency, and capacity while decreasing 
    congestion and travel times;
        (3) examine the use and integration of multiple data types from 
    multiple sources and technologies, including road weather data, 
    arterial and highway traffic conditions, transit vehicle arrival 
    and departure times, real time navigation routing, construction 
    zone information, and reports of incidents, to suggest improvements 
    in effective communication of such data and information in real 
    time;
        (4) develop and disseminate suggested strategies and solutions 
    to reduce congestion for high-density traffic regions and to 
    provide mobility in the event of an emergency or natural disaster; 
    and
        (5) collaborate with other relevant Federal agencies, State and 
    local agencies, industry and industry associations, and university 
    research centers to fulfill goals and objectives under this 
    section.
    (c) Identifying Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
information used pursuant to this section does not contain identifying 
information of any individual.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the completion of research 
under this section, the Secretary may make available on a public 
website a report on any activities under this section.
SEC. 6027. SMART CITIES TRANSPORTATION PLANNING STUDY.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary may conduct a study of digital 
technologies and information technologies, including shared mobility, 
data, transportation network companies, and on-demand transportation 
services--
        (1) to understand the degree to which cities are adopting those 
    technologies;
        (2) to assess future planning, infrastructure, and investment 
    needs; and
        (3) to provide best practices to plan for smart cities in which 
    information and technology are used--
            (A) to improve city operations;
            (B) to grow the local economy;
            (C) to improve response in times of emergencies and natural 
        disasters; and
            (D) to improve the lives of city residents.
    (b) Components.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) identify broad issues that influence the ability of the 
    United States to plan for and invest in smart cities, including 
    barriers to collaboration and access to scientific information; and
        (2) review how the expanded use of digital technologies, mobile 
    devices, and information may--
            (A) enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of existing 
        transportation networks;
            (B) optimize demand management services;
            (C) impact low-income and other disadvantaged communities;
            (D) assess opportunities to share, collect, and use data;
            (E) change current planning and investment strategies; and
            (F) provide opportunities for enhanced coordination and 
        planning.
    (c) Reporting.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary may publish the report containing 
the results of the study conducted under subsection (a) to a public 
website.
SEC. 6028. PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT DATA SUPPORT PROGRAM.
    (a) Performance Management Data Support.--The Administrator of the 
Federal Highway Administration shall develop, use, and maintain data 
sets and data analysis tools to assist metropolitan planning 
organizations, States, and the Federal Highway Administration in 
carrying out performance management analyses (including the performance 
management requirements under section 150 of title 23, United States 
Code).
    (b) Inclusions.--The data analysis activities authorized under 
subsection (a) may include--
        (1) collecting and distributing vehicle probe data describing 
    traffic on Federal-aid highways;
        (2) collecting household travel behavior data to assess local 
    and cross-jurisdictional travel, including to accommodate external 
    and through travel;
        (3) enhancing existing data collection and analysis tools to 
    accommodate performance measures, targets, and related data, so as 
    to better understand trip origin and destination, trip time, and 
    mode;
        (4) enhancing existing data analysis tools to improve 
    performance predictions and travel models in reports described in 
    section 150(e) of title 23, United States Code; and
        (5) developing tools--
            (A) to improve performance analysis; and
            (B) to evaluate the effects of project investments on 
        performance.
    (c) Funding.--From amounts authorized to carry out the Highway 
Research and Development Program, the Administrator of the Federal 
Highway Administration may use up to $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020 to carry out this section.

             TITLE VII--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 7001. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Hazardous Materials Transportation 
Safety Improvement Act of 2015''.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

SEC. 7101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Section 5128 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 5128. Authorization of appropriations
    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary to carry out this chapter (except sections 5107(e), 
5108(g)(2), 5113, 5115, 5116, and 5119)--
        ``(1) $53,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
        ``(2) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
        ``(3) $57,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
        ``(4) $58,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
        ``(5) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
    ``(b) Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund.--From the 
Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund established under 
section 5116(h), the Secretary may expend, for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020--
        ``(1) $21,988,000 to carry out section 5116(a);
        ``(2) $150,000 to carry out section 5116(e);
        ``(3) $625,000 to publish and distribute the Emergency Response 
    Guidebook under section 5116(h)(3); and
        ``(4) $1,000,000 to carry out section 5116(i).
    ``(c) Hazardous Materials Training Grants.--From the Hazardous 
Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund established pursuant to section 
5116(h), the Secretary may expend $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020 to carry out section 5107(e).
    ``(d) Community Safety Grants.--Of the amounts made available under 
subsection (a) to carry out this chapter, the Secretary shall withhold 
$1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 to carry out 
section 5107(i).
    ``(e) Credits to Appropriations.--
        ``(1) Expenses.--In addition to amounts otherwise made 
    available to carry out this chapter, the Secretary may credit 
    amounts received from a State, Indian tribe, or other public 
    authority or private entity for expenses the Secretary incurs in 
    providing training to the State, Indian tribe, authority, or 
    entity.
        ``(2) Availability of amounts.--Amounts made available under 
    this section shall remain available until expended.''.

         Subtitle B--Hazardous Material Safety and Improvement

SEC. 7201. NATIONAL EMERGENCY AND DISASTER RESPONSE.
    Section 5103 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Federally Declared Disasters and Emergencies.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may by order waive compliance 
    with any part of an applicable standard prescribed under this 
    chapter without prior notice and comment and on terms the Secretary 
    considers appropriate if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) it is in the public interest to grant the waiver;
            ``(B) the waiver is not inconsistent with the safety of 
        transporting hazardous materials; and
            ``(C) the waiver is necessary to facilitate the safe 
        movement of hazardous materials into, from, and within an area 
        of a major disaster or emergency that has been declared under 
        the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).
        ``(2) Period of waiver.--A waiver under this subsection may be 
    issued for a period of not more than 60 days and may be renewed 
    upon application to the Secretary only after notice and an 
    opportunity for a hearing on the waiver. The Secretary shall 
    immediately revoke the waiver if continuation of the waiver would 
    not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this chapter.
        ``(3) Statement of reasons.--The Secretary shall include in any 
    order issued under this section the reasons for granting the 
    waiver.''.
SEC. 7202. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PERMITS.
    Section 5109(h) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(h) Limitation on Denial.--The Secretary may not deny a non-
temporary permit held by a motor carrier pursuant to this section based 
on a comprehensive review of that carrier triggered by safety 
management system scores or out-of-service disqualification standards, 
unless--
        ``(1) the carrier has the opportunity, prior to the denial of 
    such permit, to submit a written description of corrective actions 
    taken and other documentation the carrier wishes the Secretary to 
    consider, including a corrective action plan; and
        ``(2) the Secretary determines the actions or plan is 
    insufficient to address the safety concerns identified during the 
    course of the comprehensive review.''.
SEC. 7203. IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLANNING AND TRAINING GRANTS.
    (a) Planning and Training Grants.--Section 5116 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (k) as subsections 
    (b) through (j), respectively,
        (2) by striking subsection (b); and
        (3) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Planning and Training Grants.--(1) The Secretary shall make 
grants to States and Indian tribes--
        ``(A) to develop, improve, and carry out emergency plans under 
    the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 (42 
    U.S.C. 11001 et seq.), including ascertaining flow patterns of 
    hazardous material on lands under the jurisdiction of a State or 
    Indian tribe, and between lands under the jurisdiction of a State 
    or Indian tribe and lands of another State or Indian tribe;
        ``(B) to decide on the need for regional hazardous material 
    emergency response teams; and
        ``(C) to train public sector employees to respond to accidents 
    and incidents involving hazardous material.
    ``(2) To the extent that a grant is used to train emergency 
responders under paragraph (1)(C), the State or Indian tribe shall 
provide written certification to the Secretary that the emergency 
responders who receive training under the grant will have the ability 
to protect nearby persons, property, and the environment from the 
effects of accidents or incidents involving the transportation of 
hazardous material in accordance with existing regulations or National 
Fire Protection Association standards for competence of responders to 
accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials.
    ``(3) The Secretary may make a grant to a State or Indian tribe 
under paragraph (1) of this subsection only if--
        ``(A) the State or Indian tribe certifies that the total amount 
    the State or Indian tribe expends (except amounts of the Federal 
    Government) for the purpose of the grant will at least equal the 
    average level of expenditure for the last 5 years; and
        ``(B) any emergency response training provided under the grant 
    shall consist of--
            ``(i) a course developed or identified under section 5115 
        of this title; or
            ``(ii) any other course the Secretary determines is 
        consistent with the objectives of this section.
    ``(4) A State or Indian tribe receiving a grant under this 
subsection shall ensure that planning and emergency response training 
under the grant is coordinated with adjacent States and Indian tribes.
    ``(5) A training grant under paragraph (1)(C) may be used--
        ``(A) to pay--
            ``(i) the tuition costs of public sector employees being 
        trained;
            ``(ii) travel expenses of those employees to and from the 
        training facility;
            ``(iii) room and board of those employees when at the 
        training facility; and
            ``(iv) travel expenses of individuals providing the 
        training;
        ``(B) by the State, political subdivision, or Indian tribe to 
    provide the training; and
        ``(C) to make an agreement with a person (including an 
    authority of a State, a political subdivision of a State or Indian 
    tribe, or a local jurisdiction), subject to approval by the 
    Secretary, to provide the training if--
            ``(i) the agreement allows the Secretary and the State or 
        Indian tribe to conduct random examinations, inspections, and 
        audits of the training without prior notice;
            ``(ii) the person agrees to have an auditable accounting 
        system; and
            ``(iii) the State or Indian tribe conducts at least one on-
        site observation of the training each year.
    ``(6) The Secretary shall allocate amounts made available for 
grants under this subsection among eligible States and Indian tribes 
based on the needs of the States and Indian tribes for emergency 
response planning and training. In making a decision about those needs, 
the Secretary shall consider--
        ``(A) the number of hazardous material facilities in the State 
    or on land under the jurisdiction of the Indian tribe;
        ``(B) the types and amounts of hazardous material transported 
    in the State or on such land;
        ``(C) whether the State or Indian tribe imposes and collects a 
    fee for transporting hazardous material;
        ``(D) whether such fee is used only to carry out a purpose 
    related to transporting hazardous material;
        ``(E) the past record of the State or Indian tribe in 
    effectively managing planning and training grants; and
        ``(F) any other factors the Secretary determines are 
    appropriate to carry out this subsection.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 5108(g) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
    by striking ``5116(i)'' each place it appears and inserting 
    ``5116(h)''.
        (2) Section 5116 of such title is amended--
            (A) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsections (a)(2)(A) and (b)(2)(A)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (a)(3)(A)'';
            (B) in subsection (h), as so redesignated--
                (i) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``and section 
            5107(e)'' after ``section'';
                (ii) in paragraph (2) by striking ``(f)'' and inserting 
            ``(e)''; and
                (iii) in paragraph (4) by striking ``5108(g)(2) and 
            5115'' and inserting ``5107(e) and 5108(g)(2)'';
            (C) in subsection (i), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (a)''; and
            (D) in subsection (j), as so redesignated--
                (i) by striking ``planning grants allocated under 
            subsection (a), training grants under subsection (b), and 
            grants under subsection (j) of this section and under 
            section 5107'' and inserting ``planning and training grants 
            under subsection (a) and grants under subsection (i) of 
            this section and under subsections (e) and (i) of section 
            5107''; and
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as 
            paragraphs (1) through (4), respectively.
    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
prohibit the Secretary from recovering and deobligating funds from 
grants that are not managed or expended in compliance with a grant 
agreement.
SEC. 7204. IMPROVING PUBLICATION OF SPECIAL PERMITS AND APPROVALS.
    Section 5117 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking ``an application for a special permit'' and 
        inserting ``an application for a new special permit or a 
        modification to an existing special permit''; and
            (B) by inserting after the second sentence the following: 
        ``The Secretary shall make available to the public on the 
        Department of Transportation's Internet Web site any special 
        permit other than a new special permit or a modification to an 
        existing special permit and shall give the public an 
        opportunity to inspect the safety analysis and comment on the 
        application for a period of not more than 15 days.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking ``publish'' and inserting ``make available 
        to the public'';
            (B) by striking ``in the Federal Register'';
            (C) by striking ``180'' and inserting ``120''; and
            (D) by striking ``the special permit'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``a special permit or approval''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Disclosure of Final Action.--The Secretary shall 
periodically, but at least every 120 days--
        ``(1) publish in the Federal Register notice of the final 
    disposition of each application for a new special permit, 
    modification to an existing special permit, or approval during the 
    preceding quarter; and
        ``(2) make available to the public on the Department of 
    Transportation's Internet Web site notice of the final disposition 
    of any other special permit during the preceding quarter.''.
SEC. 7205. ENHANCED REPORTING.
    Section 5121(h) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``transmit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate'' and inserting 
``make available to the public on the Department of Transportation's 
Internet Web site''.
SEC. 7206. WETLINES.
    (a) Withdrawal.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall withdraw the proposed rule described 
in the notice of proposed rulemaking issued on January 27, 2011, 
entitled ``Safety Requirements for External Product Piping on Cargo 
Tanks Transporting Flammable Liquids'' (76 Fed. Reg. 4847).
    (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall prohibit the 
Secretary from issuing standards or regulations regarding the safety of 
external product piping on cargo tanks transporting flammable liquids 
after the withdrawal is carried out pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 7207. GAO STUDY ON ACCEPTANCE OF CLASSIFICATION EXAMINATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall evaluate and transmit to the Secretary, the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, a 
report on the standards, metrics, and protocols that the Secretary uses 
to regulate the performance of persons approved to recommend hazard 
classifications pursuant to section 173.56(b) of title 49, Code of 
Federal Regulations (commonly referred to as ``third-party labs'').
    (b) Evaluation.--The evaluation required under subsection (a) 
shall--
        (1) identify what standards and protocols are used to approve 
    such persons, assess the adequacy of such standards and protocols 
    to ensure that persons seeking approval are qualified and capable 
    of performing classifications, and make recommendations to address 
    any deficiencies identified;
        (2) assess the adequacy of the Secretary's oversight of persons 
    approved to perform the classifications, including the 
    qualification of individuals engaged in the oversight of approved 
    persons, and make recommendations to enhance oversight sufficiently 
    to ensure that classifications are issued as required;
        (3) identify what standards and protocols exist to rescind, 
    suspend, or deny approval of persons who perform such 
    classifications, assess the adequacy of such standards and 
    protocols, and make recommendations to enhance such standards and 
    protocols if necessary; and
        (4) include annual data for fiscal years 2005 through 2015 on 
    the number of applications received for new classifications 
    pursuant to section 173.56(b) of title 49, Code of Federal 
    Regulations, of those applications how many classifications 
    recommended by persons approved by the Secretary were changed to 
    another classification and the reasons for the change, and how many 
    hazardous materials incidents have been attributed to a 
    classification recommended by such approved persons in the United 
    States.
    (c) Action Plan.--Not later than 180 days after receiving the 
report required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make 
available to the public a plan describing any actions the Secretary 
will take to establish standards, metrics, and protocols based on the 
findings and recommendations in the report to ensure that persons 
approved to perform classification examinations required under section 
173.56(b) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, can sufficiently 
perform such examinations in a manner that meets the hazardous 
materials regulations.
    (d) Regulations.--If the report required under subsection (a) 
recommends new regulations in order for the Secretary to have 
confidence in the accuracy of classification recommendations rendered 
by persons approved to perform classification examinations required 
under section 173.56(b) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, the 
Secretary shall consider such recommendations, and if determined 
appropriate, issue regulations to address the recommendations not later 
than 18 months after the date of the publication of the plan under 
subsection (c).
SEC. 7208. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ENDORSEMENT EXEMPTION.
    The Secretary shall allow a State, at the discretion of the State, 
to waive the requirement for a holder of a Class A commercial driver's 
license to obtain a hazardous materials endorsement under part 383 of 
title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, if the license holder--
        (1) is acting within the scope of the license holder's 
    employment as an employee of a custom harvester operation, 
    agrichemical business, farm retail outlet and supplier, or 
    livestock feeder; and
        (2) is operating a service vehicle that is--
            (A) transporting diesel in a quantity of 3,785 liters 
        (1,000 gallons) or less; and
            (B) clearly marked with a ``flammable'' or ``combustible'' 
        placard, as appropriate.

      Subtitle C--Safe Transportation of Flammable Liquids by Rail

SEC. 7301. COMMUNITY SAFETY GRANTS.
    Section 5107 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(i) Community Safety Grants.--The Secretary shall establish a 
competitive program for making grants to nonprofit organizations for--
        ``(1) conducting national outreach and training programs to 
    assist communities in preparing for and responding to accidents and 
    incidents involving the transportation of hazardous materials, 
    including Class 3 flammable liquids by rail; and
        ``(2) training State and local personnel responsible for 
    enforcing the safe transportation of hazardous materials, including 
    Class 3 flammable liquids.''.
SEC. 7302. REAL-TIME EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with appropriate Federal 
agencies, shall issue regulations that--
        (1) require a Class I railroad transporting hazardous 
    materials--
            (A) to generate accurate, real-time, and electronic train 
        consist information, including--
                (i) the identity, quantity, and location of hazardous 
            materials on a train;
                (ii) the point of origin and destination of the train;
                (iii) any emergency response information or resources 
            required by the Secretary; and
                (iv) an emergency response point of contact designated 
            by the Class I railroad; and
            (B) to enter into a memorandum of understanding with each 
        applicable fusion center to provide the fusion center with 
        secure and confidential access to the electronic train consist 
        information described in subparagraph (A) for each train 
        transporting hazardous materials in the jurisdiction of the 
        fusion center;
        (2) require each applicable fusion center to provide the 
    electronic train consist information described in paragraph (1)(A) 
    to State and local first responders, emergency response officials, 
    and law enforcement personnel that are involved in the response to 
    or investigation of an accident, incident, or public health or 
    safety emergency involving the rail transportation of hazardous 
    materials and that request such electronic train consist 
    information;
        (3) require each Class I railroad to provide advanced 
    notification and information on high-hazard flammable trains to 
    each State emergency response commission, consistent with the 
    notification content requirements in Emergency Order Docket No. 
    DOT-OST-2014-0067, including--
            (A) a reasonable estimate of the number of implicated 
        trains that are expected to travel, per week, through each 
        county within the applicable State;
            (B) updates to such estimate prior to making any material 
        changes to any volumes or frequencies of trains traveling 
        through a county;
            (C) identification and a description of the Class 3 
        flammable liquid being transported on such trains;
            (D) applicable emergency response information, as required 
        by regulation;
            (E) identification of the routes over which such liquid 
        will be transported; and
            (F) a point of contact at the Class I railroad responsible 
        for serving as the point of contact for State emergency 
        response centers and local emergency responders related to the 
        Class I railroad's transportation of such liquid.
        (4) require each applicable State emergency response commission 
    to provide to a political subdivision of a State, or public agency 
    responsible for emergency response or law enforcement, upon request 
    of the political subdivision or public agency, the information the 
    commission receives from a Class I railroad pursuant to paragraph 
    (3), including, for any such political subdivision or public agency 
    responsible for emergency response or law enforcement that makes an 
    initial request for such information, any updates received by the 
    State emergency response commission.
        (5) prohibit any Class I railroad, employee, or agent from 
    withholding, or causing to be withheld, the train consist 
    information from first responders, emergency response officials, 
    and law enforcement personnel described in paragraph (2) in the 
    event of an incident, accident, or public health or safety 
    emergency involving the rail transportation of hazardous materials;
        (6) establish security and confidentiality protections, 
    including protections from the public release of proprietary 
    information or security-sensitive information, to prevent the 
    release to unauthorized persons any electronic train consist 
    information or advanced notification or information provided by 
    Class I railroads under this section; and
        (7) allow each Class I railroad to enter into a memorandum of 
    understanding with any Class II railroad or Class III railroad that 
    operates trains over the Class I railroad's line to incorporate the 
    Class II railroad or Class III railroad's train consist information 
    within the existing framework described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Applicable fusion center.--The term ``applicable fusion 
    center'' means a fusion center with responsibility for a geographic 
    area in which a Class I railroad operates.
        (2) Class i railroad; class ii railroad; class iii railroad.--
    The terms ``Class I railroad'', ``Class II railroad'', and ``Class 
    III railroad'' have the meaning given those terms in section 20102 
    of title 49, United States Code.
        (3) Class 3 flammable liquid.--The term ``Class 3 flammable 
    liquid'' has the meaning given the term flammable liquid in section 
    173.120(a) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
        (4) Fusion center.--The term ``fusion center'' has the meaning 
    given the term in section 210A(j) of the Homeland Security Act of 
    2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h(j)).
        (5) Hazardous material.--The term ``hazardous material'' means 
    a substance or material the Secretary designates as hazardous under 
    section 5103 of title 49, United States Code.
        (6) High-hazard flammable train.--The term ``high-hazard 
    flammable train'' means a single train transporting 20 or more tank 
    cars loaded with a Class 3 flammable liquid in a continuous block 
    or a single train transporting 35 or more tank cars loaded with a 
    Class 3 flammable liquid throughout the train consist.
        (7) Train consist.--The term ``train consist'' includes, with 
    regard to a specific train, the number of rail cars and the 
    commodity transported by each rail car.
    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
prohibit a Class I railroad from voluntarily entering into a memorandum 
of understanding, as described in subsection (a)(1)(B), with a State 
emergency response commission or an entity representing or including 
first responders, emergency response officials, and law enforcement 
personnel.
SEC. 7303. EMERGENCY RESPONSE.
    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study to determine whether limitations or weaknesses exist in 
the emergency response information carried by train crews transporting 
hazardous materials.
    (b) Contents.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General shall evaluate the differences between the 
emergency response information carried by train crews transporting 
hazardous materials and the emergency response guidance provided in the 
Emergency Response Guidebook issued by the Department of 
Transportation.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report of the findings of the study under subsection (a) and any 
recommendations for legislative action.
SEC. 7304. PHASE-OUT OF ALL TANK CARS USED TO TRANSPORT CLASS 3 
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS.
    (a) In General.--Except as provided for in subsection (b), 
beginning on the date of enactment of this Act, all DOT-111 
specification railroad tank cars used to transport Class 3 flammable 
liquids shall meet the DOT-117, DOT-117P, or DOT-117R specifications in 
part 179 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, regardless of train 
composition.
    (b) Phase-Out Schedule.--Certain tank cars not meeting DOT-117, 
DOT-117P, or DOT-117R specifications on the date of enactment of this 
Act may be used, regardless of train composition, until the following 
end-dates:
        (1) For transport of unrefined petroleum products in Class 3 
    flammable service, including crude oil--
            (A) January 1, 2018, for non-jacketed DOT-111 tank cars;
            (B) March 1, 2018, for jacketed DOT-111 tank cars;
            (C) April 1, 2020, for non-jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars; and
            (D) May 1, 2025, for jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars.
        (2) For transport of ethanol--
            (A) May 1, 2023, for non-jacketed and jacketed DOT-111 tank 
        cars;
            (B) July 1, 2023, for non-jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars; and
            (C) May 1, 2025, for jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars.
        (3) For transport of Class 3 flammable liquids in Packing Group 
    I, other than Class 3 flammable liquids specified in paragraphs (1) 
    and (2), May 1, 2025.
        (4) For transport of Class 3 flammable liquids in Packing 
    Groups II and III, other than Class 3 flammable liquids specified 
    in paragraphs (1) and (2), May 1, 2029.
    (c) Retrofitting Shop Capacity.--The Secretary may extend the 
deadlines established under paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b) 
for a period not to exceed 2 years if the Secretary determines that 
insufficient retrofitting shop capacity will prevent the phase-out of 
tank cars not meeting the DOT-117, DOT-117P, or DOT-117R specifications 
by the deadlines set forth in such paragraphs.
    (d) Conforming Regulatory Amendments.--
        (1) In general.--Immediately after the date of enactment of 
    this section, the Secretary--
            (A) shall remove or revise the date-specific deadlines in 
        any applicable regulations or orders to the extent necessary to 
        conform with the requirements of this section; and
            (B) may not enforce any such date-specific deadlines or 
        requirements that are inconsistent with the requirements of 
        this section.
        (2) Implementation.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
    to require the Secretary to issue regulations, except as required 
    under paragraph (1), to implement this section.
    (e) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
prohibit the Secretary from implementing the final rule issued on May 
08, 2015, entitled ``Enhanced Tank Car Standards and Operational 
Controls for High-Hazard Flammable Trains'' (80 Fed. Reg. 26643), other 
than the provisions of the final rule that are inconsistent with this 
section.
    (f) Class 3 Flammable Liquid Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Class 3 flammable liquid'' has the meaning given the term flammable 
liquid in section 173.120(a) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 7305. THERMAL BLANKETS.
    (a) Requirements.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue such regulations as 
are necessary to require that each tank car built to meet the DOT-117 
specification and each non-jacketed tank car modified to meet the DOT-
117R specification be equipped with an insulating blanket with at least 
\1/2\-inch-thick material that has been approved by the Secretary 
pursuant to section 179.18(c) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
    (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall prohibit the 
Secretary from approving new or alternative technologies or materials 
as they become available that provide a level of safety at least 
equivalent to the level of safety provided for under subsection (a).
SEC. 7306. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR TOP FITTINGS PROTECTION FOR CLASS 
DOT-117R TANK CARS.
    (a) Protective Housing.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and 
(c), top fittings on DOT specification 117R tank cars shall be located 
inside a protective housing not less than \1/2\-inch in thickness and 
constructed of a material having a tensile strength not less than 65 
kilopound per square inch and conform to the following specifications:
        (1) The protective housing shall be as tall as the tallest 
    valve or fitting involved and the height of a valve or fitting 
    within the protective housing must be kept to the minimum 
    compatible with their proper operation.
        (2) The protective housing or cover may not reduce the flow 
    capacity of the pressure relief device below the minimum required.
        (3) The protective housing shall provide a means of drainage 
    with a minimum flow area equivalent to six 1-inch diameter holes.
        (4) When connected to the nozzle or fittings cover plate and 
    subject to a horizontal force applied perpendicular to and 
    uniformly over the projected plane of the protective housing, the 
    tensile connection strength of the protective housing shall be 
    designed to be--
            (A) no greater than 70 percent of the nozzle to tank 
        tensile connection strength;
            (B) no greater than 70 percent of the cover plate to nozzle 
        connection strength; and
            (C) no less than either 40 percent of the nozzle to tank 
        tensile connection strength or the shear strength of twenty \1/
        2\-inch bolts.
    (b) Pressure Relief Devices.--
        (1) The pressure relief device shall be located inside the 
    protective housing, unless space does not permit. If multiple 
    pressure relief devices are equipped, no more than 1 may be located 
    outside of a protective housing.
        (2) The highest point on any pressure relief device located 
    outside of a protective housing may not be more than 12 inches 
    above the tank jacket.
        (3) The highest point on the closure of any unused pressure 
    relief device nozzle may not be more than 6 inches above the tank 
    jacket.
    (c) Alternative Protection.--As an alternative to the protective 
housing requirements in subsection (a) of this section, the tank car 
may be equipped with a system that prevents the release of product from 
any top fitting in the case of an incident where any top fitting would 
be sheared off.
    (d) Implementation.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
require the Secretary to issue regulations to implement this section.
    (e) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall prohibit the 
Secretary from approving new technologies, methods or requirements that 
provide a level of safety equivalent to or greater than the level of 
safety provided for in this section.
SEC. 7307. RULEMAKING ON OIL SPILL RESPONSE PLANS.
    The Secretary shall, not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act and every 90 days thereafter until a final rule 
based on the advanced notice of proposed rulemaking issued on August 1, 
2014, entitled ``Hazardous Materials: Oil Spill Response Plans for 
High-Hazard Flammable Trains'' (79 Fed. Reg. 45079) is promulgated, 
notify the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate in writing of--
        (1) the status of such rulemaking;
        (2) any reasons why such final rule has not been implemented;
        (3) a plan for completing such final rule as soon as 
    practicable; and
        (4) the estimated date of completion of such final rule.
SEC. 7308. MODIFICATION REPORTING.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall implement a reporting requirement to 
monitor industry-wide progress toward modifying rail tank cars used to 
transport Class 3 flammable liquids by the applicable deadlines 
established in section 7304.
    (b) Tank Car Data.--The Secretary shall collect data from shippers 
and rail tank car owners on--
        (1) the total number of tank cars modified to meet the DOT-117R 
    specification, or equivalent, specifying--
            (A) the type or specification of each tank car before it 
        was modified, including non-jacketed DOT-111, jacketed DOT-111, 
        non-jacketed DOT-111 meeting the CPC-1232 standard, or jacketed 
        DOT-111 meeting the CPC-1232 standard; and
            (B) the identification number of each Class 3 flammable 
        liquid carried by each tank car in the past year;
        (2) the total number of tank cars built to meet the DOT-117 
    specification, or equivalent; and
        (3) the total number of tank cars used or likely to be used to 
    transport Class 3 flammable liquids that have not been modified, 
    specifying--
            (A) the type or specification of each tank car not 
        modified, including the non-jacketed DOT-111, jacketed DOT-111, 
        non-jacketed DOT-111 meeting the CPC-1232 standard, or jacketed 
        DOT-111 meeting the CPC-1232 standard; and
            (B) the identification number of each Class 3 flammable 
        liquid carried by each tank car in the past year.
    (c) Tank Car Shop Data.--The Secretary shall conduct a survey of 
tank car facilities modifying tank cars to the DOT-117R specification, 
or equivalent, or building new tank cars to the DOT-117 specification, 
or equivalent, to generate statistically-valid estimates of the 
anticipated number of tank cars those facilities expect to modify to 
DOT-117R specification, or equivalent, or build to the DOT-117 
specification, or equivalent.
    (d) Frequency.--The Secretary shall collect the data under 
subsection (b) and conduct the survey under subsection (c) annually 
until May 1, 2029.
    (e) Information Protections.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall only report data in 
    industry-wide totals and shall treat company-specific information 
    as confidential business information.
        (2) Level of confidentiality.--The Secretary shall ensure the 
    data collected under subsection (b) and the survey data under 
    subsection (c) have the same level of confidentiality as required 
    by the Confidential Information Protection and Statistical 
    Efficiency Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 note), as administered by 
    the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
        (3) Designee.--The Secretary may--
            (A) designate the Director of the Bureau of Transportation 
        Statistics to collect data under subsection (b) and the survey 
        data under subsection (c); and
            (B) direct the Director to ensure the confidentially of 
        company-specific information to the maximum extent permitted by 
        law.
    (f) Report.--Each year, not later than 60 days after the date that 
both the collection of the data under subsection (b) and the survey 
under subsection (c) are complete, the Secretary shall submit a written 
report on the aggregate results, without company-specific information, 
to--
        (1) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
    the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
    House of Representatives.
    (g) Definition of Class 3 Flammable Liquid.--In this section, the 
term ``Class 3 flammable liquid'' has the meaning given the term 
flammable liquid in section 173.120 of title 49, Code of Federal 
Regulations.
SEC. 7309. REPORT ON CRUDE OIL CHARACTERISTICS RESEARCH STUDY.
    Not later than 180 days after the research completion of the 
comprehensive Crude Oil Characteristics Research Sampling, Analysis, 
and Experiment Plan study at Sandia National Laboratories, the 
Secretary of Energy, in cooperation with the Secretary of 
Transportation, shall submit a report to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate, the Committee on Energy and 
Natural Resources of the Senate, the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives that contains--
        (1) the results of the comprehensive Crude Oil Characteristics 
    Research Sampling, Analysis, and Experiment Plan study; and
        (2) recommendations, based on the findings of the study, for--
            (A) regulations by the Secretary of Transportation or the 
        Secretary of Energy to improve the safe transport of crude oil; 
        and
            (B) legislation to improve the safe transport of crude oil.
SEC. 7310. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS BY RAIL LIABILITY STUDY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall initiate a study on the 
levels and structure of insurance for railroad carriers transporting 
hazardous materials.
    (b) Contents.--ln conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall evaluate--
        (1) the level and structure of insurance, including self-
    insurance, available in the private market against the full 
    liability potential for damages arising from an accident or 
    incident involving a train transporting hazardous materials;
        (2) the level and structure of insurance that would be 
    necessary and appropriate--
            (A) to efficiently allocate risk and financial 
        responsibility for claims; and
            (B) to ensure that a railroad carrier transporting 
        hazardous materials can continue to operate despite the risk of 
        an accident or incident; and
        (3) the potential applicability, for a train transporting 
    hazardous materials, of an alternative insurance model, including--
            (A) a secondary liability coverage pool or pools to 
        supplement commercial insurance; and
            (B) other models administered by the Federal Government.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date the study under 
subsection (a) is initiated, the Secretary shall submit a report 
containing the results of the study and recommendations for addressing 
liability issues with rail transportation of hazardous materials to--
        (1) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
    the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
    House of Representatives.
    (d) Definitions.--ln this section:
        (1) Hazardous material.--The term ``hazardous material'' means 
    a substance or material the Secretary designates as hazardous under 
    section 5103 of title 49, United States Code.
        (2) Railroad carrier.--The term ``railroad carrier'' has the 
    meaning given the term in section 20102 of title 49, United States 
    Code.
SEC. 7311. STUDY AND TESTING OF ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED PNEUMATIC 
BRAKES.
    (a) Government Accountability Office Study.--
        (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall conduct an independent evaluation of ECP brake systems, pilot 
    program data, and the Department's research and analysis on the 
    costs, benefits, and effects of ECP brake systems.
        (2) Study elements.--In completing the independent evaluation 
    under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General shall examine the 
    following issues related to ECP brake systems:
            (A) Data and modeling results on safety benefits relative 
        to conventional brakes and to other braking technologies or 
        systems, such as distributed power and 2-way end-of-train 
        devices.
            (B) Data and modeling results on business benefits, 
        including the effects of dynamic braking.
            (C) Data on costs, including up-front capital costs and on-
        going maintenance costs.
            (D) Analysis of potential operational benefits and 
        challenges, including the effects of potential locomotive and 
        car segregation, technical reliability issues, and network 
        disruptions.
            (E) Analysis of potential implementation challenges, 
        including installation time, positive train control integration 
        complexities, component availability issues, and tank car shop 
        capabilities.
            (F) Analysis of international experiences with the use of 
        advanced braking technologies.
        (3) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to 
    the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate a report on the results of the 
    independent evaluation under paragraph (1).
    (b) Emergency Braking Application Testing.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into an agreement 
    with the National Academy of Sciences to--
            (A) complete testing of ECP brake systems during emergency 
        braking application, including more than 1 scenario involving 
        the uncoupling of a train with 70 or more DOT-117 specification 
        or DOT-117R specification tank cars; and
            (B) transmit, not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report on the results of the testing.
        (2) Independent experts.--In completing the testing under 
    paragraph (1)(A), the National Academy of Sciences may contract 
    with 1 or more engineering or rail experts, as appropriate, that--
            (A) are not railroad carriers, entities funded by such 
        carriers, or entities directly impacted by the final rule 
        issued on May 8, 2015, entitled ``Enhanced Tank Car Standards 
        and Operational Controls for High-Hazard Flammable Trains'' (80 
        Fed. Reg. 26643); and
            (B) have relevant experience in conducting railroad safety 
        technology tests or similar crash tests.
        (3) Testing framework.--In completing the testing under 
    paragraph (1), the National Academy of Sciences and each contractor 
    described in paragraph (2) shall ensure that the testing 
    objectively, accurately, and reliably measures the performance of 
    ECP brake systems relative to other braking technologies or 
    systems, such as distributed power and 2-way end-of-train devices, 
    including differences in--
            (A) the number of cars derailed;
            (B) the number of cars punctured;
            (C) the measures of in-train forces; and
            (D) the stopping distance.
        (4) Funding.--The Secretary shall provide funding, as part of 
    the agreement under paragraph (1), to the National Academy of 
    Sciences for the testing required under this section--
            (A) using sums made available to carry out sections 20108 
        and 5118 of title 49, United States Code; and
            (B) to the extent funding under subparagraph (A) is 
        insufficient or unavailable to fund the testing required under 
        this section, using such sums as are necessary from the amounts 
        appropriated to the Secretary, the Federal Railroad 
        Administration, or the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety 
        Administration, or a combination thereof.
        (5) Equipment.--
            (A) Receipt.--The National Academy of Sciences and each 
        contractor described in paragraph (2) may receive or use 
        rolling stock, track, and other equipment or infrastructure 
        from a railroad carrier or other private entity for the 
        purposes of conducting the testing required under this section.
            (B) Contracted use.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(A), to 
        facilitate testing, the National Academy of Sciences and each 
        contractor may contract with a railroad carrier or any other 
        private entity for the use of such carrier or entity's rolling 
        stock, track, or other equipment and receive technical 
        assistance on their use.
    (c) Evidence-Based Approach.--
        (1) Analysis.--The Secretary shall--
            (A) not later than 90 days after the report date, fully 
        incorporate the results of the evaluation under subsection (a) 
        and the testing under subsection (b) and update the regulatory 
        impact analysis of the final rule described in subsection 
        (b)(2)(A) of the costs, benefits, and effects of the applicable 
        ECP brake system requirements;
            (B) as soon as practicable after completion of the updated 
        analysis under subparagraph (A), solicit public comment in the 
        Federal Register on the analysis for a period of not more than 
        30 days; and
            (C) not later than 60 days after the end of the public 
        comment period under subparagraph (B), post the final updated 
        regulatory impact analysis on the Department of 
        Transportation's Internet Web site.
        (2) Determination.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
            (A) determine, based on whether the final regulatory impact 
        analysis described in paragraph (1)(C) demonstrates that the 
        benefits, including safety benefits, of the applicable ECP 
        brake system requirements exceed the costs of such 
        requirements, whether the applicable ECP brake system 
        requirements are justified;
            (B) if the applicable ECP brake system requirements are 
        justified, publish in the Federal Register the determination 
        and reasons for such determination; and
            (C) if the Secretary does not publish the determination 
        under subparagraph (B), repeal the applicable ECP brake system 
        requirements.
        (3) Savings clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
    to prohibit the Secretary from implementing the final rule 
    described under subsection (b)(2)(A) prior to the determination 
    required under subsection (c)(2) of this section, or require the 
    Secretary to promulgate a new rule on the provisions of such final 
    rule, other than on the applicable ECP brake system requirements, 
    if the Secretary does not determine that the applicable ECP brake 
    system requirements are justified pursuant to this subsection.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
        (1) Applicable ecp brake system requirements.--The term 
    ``applicable ECP brake system requirements'' means sections 
    174.310(a)(3)(ii), 174.310(a)(3)(iii), 174.310(a)(5)(v), 179.202-
    10, 179.202-12(g), and 179.202-13(i) of title 49, Code of Federal 
    Regulations, and any other regulation in effect on the date of 
    enactment of this Act requiring the installation of ECP brakes or 
    operation in ECP brake mode.
        (2) Class 3 flammable liquid.--The term ``Class 3 flammable 
    liquid'' has the meaning given the term flammable liquid in section 
    173.120(a) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
        (3) ECP.--The term ``ECP'' means electronically controlled 
    pneumatic when applied to a brake or brakes.
        (4) ECP brake mode.--The term ``ECP brake mode'' includes any 
    operation of a rail car or an entire train using an ECP brake 
    system.
        (5) ECP brake system.--
            (A) In general.--The term ``ECP brake system'' means a 
        train power braking system actuated by compressed air and 
        controlled by electronic signals from the locomotive or an ECP-
        EOT to the cars in the consist for service and emergency 
        applications in which the brake pipe is used to provide a 
        constant supply of compressed air to the reservoirs on each car 
        but does not convey braking signals to the car.
            (B) Inclusions.--The term ``ECP brake system'' includes 
        dual mode and stand-alone ECP brake systems.
        (6) Railroad carrier.--The term ``railroad carrier'' has the 
    meaning given the term in section 20102 of title 49, United States 
    Code.
        (7) Report date.--The term ``report date'' means the date that 
    the reports under subsections (a)(3) and (b)(1)(B) are required to 
    be transmitted pursuant to those subsections.

             TITLE VIII--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 8001. MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION.
    (a) In General.--Subtitle IX of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

            ``Subtitle IX--Multimodal Freight Transportation

``Chapter 
                                                                    Sec.
``701. Multimodal freight policy.................................. 70101

``702. Multimodal freight transportation planning and information. 70201

                ``CHAPTER 701--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT POLICY

``Sec.
``70101. National multimodal freight policy.
``70102. National freight strategic plan.
``70103. National Multimodal Freight Network.
``Sec. 70101. National multimodal freight policy
    ``(a) In General.--It is the policy of the United States to 
maintain and improve the condition and performance of the National 
Multimodal Freight Network established under section 70103 to ensure 
that the Network provides a foundation for the United States to compete 
in the global economy and achieve the goals described in subsection 
(b).
    ``(b) Goals.--The goals of the national multimodal freight policy 
are--
        ``(1) to identify infrastructure improvements, policies, and 
    operational innovations that--
            ``(A) strengthen the contribution of the National 
        Multimodal Freight Network to the economic competitiveness of 
        the United States;
            ``(B) reduce congestion and eliminate bottlenecks on the 
        National Multimodal Freight Network; and
            ``(C) increase productivity, particularly for domestic 
        industries and businesses that create high-value jobs;
        ``(2) to improve the safety, security, efficiency, and 
    resiliency of multimodal freight transportation;
        ``(3) to achieve and maintain a state of good repair on the 
    National Multimodal Freight Network;
        ``(4) to use innovation and advanced technology to improve the 
    safety, efficiency, and reliability of the National Multimodal 
    Freight Network;
        ``(5) to improve the economic efficiency and productivity of 
    the National Multimodal Freight Network;
        ``(6) to improve the reliability of freight transportation;
        ``(7) to improve the short- and long-distance movement of goods 
    that--
            ``(A) travel across rural areas between population centers;
            ``(B) travel between rural areas and population centers; 
        and
            ``(C) travel from the Nation's ports, airports, and 
        gateways to the National Multimodal Freight Network;
        ``(8) to improve the flexibility of States to support multi-
    State corridor planning and the creation of multi-State 
    organizations to increase the ability of States to address 
    multimodal freight connectivity;
        ``(9) to reduce the adverse environmental impacts of freight 
    movement on the National Multimodal Freight Network; and
        ``(10) to pursue the goals described in this subsection in a 
    manner that is not burdensome to State and local governments.
    ``(c) Implementation.--The Under Secretary of Transportation for 
Policy, who shall be responsible for the oversight and implementation 
of the national multimodal freight policy, shall--
        ``(1) carry out sections 70102 and 70103;
        ``(2) assist with the coordination of modal freight planning; 
    and
        ``(3) identify interagency data sharing opportunities to 
    promote freight planning and coordination.
``Sec. 70102. National freight strategic plan
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Under Secretary of Transportation for 
Policy shall--
        ``(1) develop a national freight strategic plan in accordance 
    with this section; and
        ``(2) publish the plan on the public Internet Web site of the 
    Department of Transportation.
    ``(b) Contents.--The national freight strategic plan shall 
include--
        ``(1) an assessment of the condition and performance of the 
    National Multimodal Freight Network established under section 
    70103;
        ``(2) forecasts of freight volumes for the succeeding 5-, 10-, 
    and 20-year periods;
        ``(3) an identification of major trade gateways and national 
    freight corridors that connect major population centers, trade 
    gateways, and other major freight generators;
        ``(4) an identification of bottlenecks on the National 
    Multimodal Freight Network that create significant freight 
    congestion, based on a quantitative methodology developed by the 
    Under Secretary, which shall include, at a minimum--
            ``(A) information from the Freight Analysis Framework of 
        the Federal Highway Administration; and
            ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, an estimate of the 
        cost of addressing each bottleneck and any operational 
        improvements that could be implemented;
        ``(5) an assessment of statutory, regulatory, technological, 
    institutional, financial, and other barriers to improved freight 
    transportation performance, and a description of opportunities for 
    overcoming the barriers;
        ``(6) a process for addressing multistate projects and 
    encouraging jurisdictions to collaborate;
        ``(7) strategies to improve freight intermodal connectivity;
        ``(8) an identification of corridors providing access to energy 
    exploration, development, installation, or production areas;
        ``(9) an identification of corridors providing access to major 
    areas for manufacturing, agriculture, or natural resources;
        ``(10) an identification of best practices for improving the 
    performance of the National Multimodal Freight Network, including 
    critical commerce corridors and rural and urban access to critical 
    freight corridors; and
        ``(11) an identification of best practices to mitigate the 
    impacts of freight movement on communities.
    ``(c) Updates.--Not later than 5 years after the date of completion 
of the national freight strategic plan under subsection (a), and every 
5 years thereafter, the Under Secretary shall update the plan and 
publish the updated plan on the public Internet Web site of the 
Department of Transportation.
    ``(d) Consultation.--The Under Secretary shall develop and update 
the national freight strategic plan--
        ``(1) after providing notice and an opportunity for public 
    comment; and
        ``(2) in consultation with State departments of transportation, 
    metropolitan planning organizations, and other appropriate public 
    and private transportation stakeholders.
``Sec. 70103. National Multimodal Freight Network
    ``(a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Transportation for Policy 
shall establish a National Multimodal Freight Network in accordance 
with this section--
        ``(1) to assist States in strategically directing resources 
    toward improved system performance for the efficient movement of 
    freight on the Network;
        ``(2) to inform freight transportation planning;
        ``(3) to assist in the prioritization of Federal investment; 
    and
        ``(4) to assess and support Federal investments to achieve the 
    national multimodal freight policy goals described in section 
    70101(b) of this title and the national highway freight program 
    goals described in section 167 of title 23.
    ``(b) Interim Network.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this section, the Under Secretary shall establish an 
    interim National Multimodal Freight Network in accordance with this 
    subsection.
        ``(2) Network components.--The interim National Multimodal 
    Freight Network shall include--
            ``(A) the National Highway Freight Network, as established 
        under section 167 of title 23;
            ``(B) the freight rail systems of Class I railroads, as 
        designated by the Surface Transportation Board;
            ``(C) the public ports of the United States that have total 
        annual foreign and domestic trade of at least 2,000,000 short 
        tons, as identified by the Waterborne Commerce Statistics 
        Center of the Army Corps of Engineers, using the data from the 
        latest year for which such data is available;
            ``(D) the inland and intracoastal waterways of the United 
        States, as described in section 206 of the Inland Waterways 
        Revenue Act of 1978 (33 U.S.C. 1804);
            ``(E) the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence Seaway, and coastal 
        and ocean routes along which domestic freight is transported;
            ``(F) the 50 airports located in the United States with the 
        highest annual landed weight, as identified by the Federal 
        Aviation Administration; and
            ``(G) other strategic freight assets, including strategic 
        intermodal facilities and freight rail lines of Class II and 
        Class III railroads, designated by the Under Secretary as 
        critical to interstate commerce.
    ``(c) Final Network.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this section, the Under Secretary, after soliciting 
    input from stakeholders, including multimodal freight system users, 
    transportation providers, metropolitan planning organizations, 
    local governments, ports, airports, railroads, and States, through 
    a public process to identify critical freight facilities and 
    corridors, including critical commerce corridors, that are vital to 
    achieve the national multimodal freight policy goals described in 
    section 70101(b) of this title and the national highway freight 
    program goals described in section 167 of title 23, and after 
    providing notice and an opportunity for comment on a draft system, 
    shall designate a National Multimodal Freight Network with the goal 
    of--
            ``(A) improving network and intermodal connectivity; and
            ``(B) using measurable data as part of the assessment of 
        the significance of freight movement, including the 
        consideration of points of origin, destinations, and linking 
        components of domestic and international supply chains.
        ``(2) Factors.--In designating or redesignating the National 
    Multimodal Freight Network, the Under Secretary shall consider--
            ``(A) origins and destinations of freight movement within, 
        to, and from the United States;
            ``(B) volume, value, tonnage, and the strategic importance 
        of freight;
            ``(C) access to border crossings, airports, seaports, and 
        pipelines;
            ``(D) economic factors, including balance of trade;
            ``(E) access to major areas for manufacturing, agriculture, 
        or natural resources;
            ``(F) access to energy exploration, development, 
        installation, and production areas;
            ``(G) intermodal links and intersections that promote 
        connectivity;
            ``(H) freight choke points and other impediments 
        contributing to significant measurable congestion, delay in 
        freight movement, or inefficient modal connections;
            ``(I) impacts on all freight transportation modes and modes 
        that share significant freight infrastructure;
            ``(J) facilities and transportation corridors identified by 
        a multi-State coalition, a State, a State freight advisory 
        committee, or a metropolitan planning organization, using 
        national or local data, as having critical freight importance 
        to the region;
            ``(K) major distribution centers, inland intermodal 
        facilities, and first- and last-mile facilities; and
            ``(L) the significance of goods movement, including 
        consideration of global and domestic supply chains.
        ``(3) Considerations.--In designating or redesignating the 
    National Multimodal Freight Network, the Under Secretary shall--
            ``(A) use, to the extent practicable, measurable data to 
        assess the significance of goods movement, including the 
        consideration of points of origin, destinations, and linking 
        components of the United States global and domestic supply 
        chains;
            ``(B) consider--
                ``(i) the factors described in paragraph (2); and
                ``(ii) any changes in the economy that affect freight 
            transportation network demand; and
            ``(C) provide the States with an opportunity to submit 
        proposed designations in accordance with paragraph (4).
        ``(4) State input.--
            ``(A) In general.--Each State that proposes additional 
        designations for the National Multimodal Freight Network 
        shall--
                ``(i) consider nominations for additional designations 
            from metropolitan planning organizations and State freight 
            advisory committees, as applicable, within the State;
                ``(ii) consider nominations for additional designations 
            from owners and operators of port, rail, pipeline, and 
            airport facilities; and
                ``(iii) ensure that additional designations are 
            consistent with the State transportation improvement 
            program or freight plan.
            ``(B) Critical rural freight facilities and corridors.--As 
        part of the designations under subparagraph (A), a State may 
        designate a freight facility or corridor within the borders of 
        the State as a critical rural freight facility or corridor if 
        the facility or corridor--
                ``(i) is a rural principal arterial;
                ``(ii) provides access or service to energy 
            exploration, development, installation, or production 
            areas;
                ``(iii) provides access or service to--

                    ``(I) a grain elevator;
                    ``(II) an agricultural facility;
                    ``(III) a mining facility;
                    ``(IV) a forestry facility; or
                    ``(V) an intermodal facility;

                ``(iv) connects to an international port of entry;
                ``(v) provides access to a significant air, rail, 
            water, or other freight facility in the State; or
                ``(vi) has been determined by the State to be vital to 
            improving the efficient movement of freight of importance 
            to the economy of the State.
            ``(C) Limitation.--
                ``(i) In general.--A State may propose additional 
            designations to the National Multimodal Freight Network in 
            the State in an amount that is not more than 20 percent of 
            the total mileage designated by the Under Secretary in the 
            State.
                ``(ii) Determination by under secretary.--The Under 
            Secretary shall determine how to apply the limitation under 
            clause (i) to the components of the National Multimodal 
            Freight Network.
            ``(D) Submission and certification.--A State shall submit 
        to the Under Secretary--
                ``(i) a list of any additional designations proposed to 
            be added under this paragraph; and
                ``(ii) a certification that--

                    ``(I) the State has satisfied the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(II) the designations referred to in clause (i) 
                address the factors for designation described in this 
                subsection.

    ``(d) Redesignation of National Multimodal Freight Network.--Not 
later than 5 years after the initial designation under subsection (c), 
and every 5 years thereafter, the Under Secretary, using the 
designation factors described in subsection (c), shall redesignate the 
National Multimodal Freight Network.

     ``CHAPTER 702--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND 
                              INFORMATION

``Sec.
``70201. State freight advisory committees.
``70202. State freight plans.
``70203. Transportation investment data and planning tools.
``70204. Savings provision.

``Sec. 70201. State freight advisory committees
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall encourage 
each State to establish a freight advisory committee consisting of a 
representative cross-section of public and private sector freight 
stakeholders, including representatives of ports, freight railroads, 
shippers, carriers, freight-related associations, third-party logistics 
providers, the freight industry workforce, the transportation 
department of the State, and local governments.
    ``(b) Role of Committee.--A freight advisory committee of a State 
described in subsection (a) shall--
        ``(1) advise the State on freight-related priorities, issues, 
    projects, and funding needs;
        ``(2) serve as a forum for discussion for State transportation 
    decisions affecting freight mobility;
        ``(3) communicate and coordinate regional priorities with other 
    organizations;
        ``(4) promote the sharing of information between the private 
    and public sectors on freight issues; and
        ``(5) participate in the development of the freight plan of the 
    State described in section 70202.
``Sec. 70202. State freight plans
    ``(a) In General.--Each State that receives funding under section 
167 of title 23 shall develop a freight plan that provides a 
comprehensive plan for the immediate and long-range planning activities 
and investments of the State with respect to freight.
    ``(b) Plan Contents.--A State freight plan described in subsection 
(a) shall include, at a minimum--
        ``(1) an identification of significant freight system trends, 
    needs, and issues with respect to the State;
        ``(2) a description of the freight policies, strategies, and 
    performance measures that will guide the freight-related 
    transportation investment decisions of the State;
        ``(3) when applicable, a listing of--
            ``(A) multimodal critical rural freight facilities and 
        corridors designated within the State under section 70103 of 
        this title; and
            ``(B) critical rural and urban freight corridors designated 
        within the State under section 167 of title 23;
        ``(4) a description of how the plan will improve the ability of 
    the State to meet the national multimodal freight policy goals 
    described in section 70101(b) of this title and the national 
    highway freight program goals described in section 167 of title 23;
        ``(5) a description of how innovative technologies and 
    operational strategies, including freight intelligent 
    transportation systems, that improve the safety and efficiency of 
    freight movement, were considered;
        ``(6) in the case of roadways on which travel by heavy vehicles 
    (including mining, agricultural, energy cargo or equipment, and 
    timber vehicles) is projected to substantially deteriorate the 
    condition of the roadways, a description of improvements that may 
    be required to reduce or impede the deterioration;
        ``(7) an inventory of facilities with freight mobility issues, 
    such as bottlenecks, within the State, and for those facilities 
    that are State owned or operated, a description of the strategies 
    the State is employing to address the freight mobility issues;
        ``(8) consideration of any significant congestion or delay 
    caused by freight movements and any strategies to mitigate that 
    congestion or delay;
        ``(9) a freight investment plan that, subject to subsection 
    (c)(2), includes a list of priority projects and describes how 
    funds made available to carry out section 167 of title 23 would be 
    invested and matched; and
        ``(10) consultation with the State freight advisory committee, 
    if applicable.
    ``(c) Relationship to Long-Range Plan.--
        ``(1) Incorporation.--A State freight plan described in 
    subsection (a) may be developed separately from or incorporated 
    into the statewide strategic long-range transportation plan 
    required by section 135 of title 23.
        ``(2) Fiscal constraint.--The freight investment plan component 
    of a freight plan shall include a project, or an identified phase 
    of a project, only if funding for completion of the project can 
    reasonably be anticipated to be available for the project within 
    the time period identified in the freight investment plan.
    ``(d) Planning Period.--A State freight plan described in 
subsection (a) shall address a 5-year forecast period.
    ``(e) Updates.--
        ``(1) In general.--A State shall update a State freight plan 
    described in subsection (a) not less frequently than once every 5 
    years.
        ``(2) Freight investment plan.--A State may update a freight 
    investment plan described in subsection (b)(9) more frequently than 
    is required under paragraph (1).
``Sec. 70203. Transportation investment data and planning tools
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation shall--
        ``(1) begin development of new tools and improvement of 
    existing tools to support an outcome-oriented, performance-based 
    approach to evaluate proposed freight-related and other 
    transportation projects, including--
            ``(A) methodologies for systematic analysis of benefits and 
        costs on a national or regional basis;
            ``(B) tools for ensuring that the evaluation of freight-
        related and other transportation projects could consider 
        safety, economic competitiveness, urban and rural access, 
        environmental sustainability, and system condition in the 
        project selection process;
            ``(C) improved methods for data collection and trend 
        analysis;
            ``(D) encouragement of public-private collaboration to 
        carry out data sharing activities while maintaining the 
        confidentiality of all proprietary data; and
            ``(E) other tools to assist in effective transportation 
        planning;
        ``(2) identify transportation-related model data elements to 
    support a broad range of evaluation methods and techniques to 
    assist in making transportation investment decisions; and
        ``(3) at a minimum, in consultation with other relevant Federal 
    agencies, consider any improvements to existing freight flow data 
    collection efforts that could reduce identified freight data gaps 
    and deficiencies and help improve forecasts of freight 
    transportation demand.
    ``(b) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with Federal, 
State, and other stakeholders to develop, improve, and implement the 
tools and collect the data described in subsection (a).
``Sec. 70204. Savings provision
    ``Nothing in this subtitle provides additional authority to 
regulate or direct private activity on freight networks designated 
under this subtitle.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis of subtitles for title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
subtitle IX and inserting the following:

``IX. Multimodal Freight Transportation.........................70101''.

TITLE IX--NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE BUREAU

SEC. 9001. NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE 
BUREAU.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 116. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
   Bureau
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
establish a National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
Bureau in the Department.
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Bureau shall be--
        ``(1) to provide assistance and communicate best practices and 
    financing and funding opportunities to eligible entities for the 
    programs referred to in subsection (d)(1);
        ``(2) to administer the application processes for programs 
    within the Department in accordance with subsection (d);
        ``(3) to promote innovative financing best practices in 
    accordance with subsection (e);
        ``(4) to reduce uncertainty and delays with respect to 
    environmental reviews and permitting in accordance with subsection 
    (f); and
        ``(5) to reduce costs and risks to taxpayers in project 
    delivery and procurement in accordance with subsection (g).
    ``(c) Executive Director.--
        ``(1) Appointment.--The Bureau shall be headed by an Executive 
    Director, who shall be appointed in the competitive service by the 
    Secretary, with the approval of the President.
        ``(2) Duties.--The Executive Director shall--
            ``(A) report to the Under Secretary of Transportation for 
        Policy;
            ``(B) be responsible for the management and oversight of 
        the daily activities, decisions, operations, and personnel of 
        the Bureau;
            ``(C) support the Council on Credit and Finance established 
        under section 117 in accordance with this section; and
            ``(D) carry out such additional duties as the Secretary may 
        prescribe.
    ``(d) Administration of Certain Application Processes.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall administer the application 
    processes for the following programs:
            ``(A) The infrastructure finance programs authorized under 
        chapter 6 of title 23.
            ``(B) The railroad rehabilitation and improvement financing 
        program authorized under sections 501 through 503 of the 
        Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 
        U.S.C. 821-823).
            ``(C) Amount allocations authorized under section 142(m) of 
        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
            ``(D) The nationally significant freight and highway 
        projects program under section 117 of title 23.
        ``(2) Congressional notification.--The Executive Director shall 
    ensure that the congressional notification requirements for each 
    program referred to in paragraph (1) are followed in accordance 
    with the statutory provisions applicable to the program.
        ``(3) Reports.--The Executive Director shall ensure that the 
    reporting requirements for each program referred to in paragraph 
    (1) are followed in accordance with the statutory provisions 
    applicable to the program.
        ``(4) Coordination.--In administering the application processes 
    for the programs referred to in paragraph (1), the Executive 
    Director shall coordinate with appropriate officials in the 
    Department and its modal administrations responsible for 
    administering such programs.
        ``(5) Streamlining approval processes.--Not later than 1 year 
    after the date of enactment of this section, the Executive Director 
    shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
    of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
    Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
    Urban Affairs, and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of 
    the Senate a report that--
            ``(A) evaluates the application processes for the programs 
        referred to in paragraph (1);
            ``(B) identifies administrative and legislative actions 
        that would improve the efficiency of the application processes 
        without diminishing Federal oversight; and
            ``(C) describes how the Executive Director will implement 
        administrative actions identified under subparagraph (B) that 
        do not require an Act of Congress.
        ``(6) Procedures and transparency.--
            ``(A) Procedures.--With respect to the programs referred to 
        in paragraph (1), the Executive Director shall--
                ``(i) establish procedures for analyzing and evaluating 
            applications and for utilizing the recommendations of the 
            Council on Credit and Finance;
                ``(ii) establish procedures for addressing late-
            arriving applications, as applicable, and communicating the 
            Bureau's decisions for accepting or rejecting late 
            applications to the applicant and the public; and
                ``(iii) document major decisions in the application 
            evaluation process through a decision memorandum or similar 
            mechanism that provides a clear rationale for such 
            decisions.
            ``(B) Review.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Comptroller General of the 
            United States shall review the compliance of the Executive 
            Director with the requirements of this paragraph.
                ``(ii) Recommendations.--The Comptroller General may 
            make recommendations to the Executive Director in order to 
            improve compliance with the requirements of this paragraph.
                ``(iii) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date 
            of enactment of this section, the Comptroller General shall 
            submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
            Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
            Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on 
            Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the Committee on 
            Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
            report on the results of the review conducted under clause 
            (i), including findings and recommendations for 
            improvement.
    ``(e) Innovative Financing Best Practices.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall work with the modal 
    administrations within the Department, eligible entities, and other 
    public and private interests to develop and promote best practices 
    for innovative financing and public-private partnerships.
        ``(2) Activities.--The Bureau shall carry out paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) by making Federal credit assistance programs more 
        accessible to eligible recipients;
            ``(B) by providing advice and expertise to eligible 
        entities that seek to leverage public and private funding;
            ``(C) by sharing innovative financing best practices and 
        case studies from eligible entities with other eligible 
        entities that are interested in utilizing innovative financing 
        methods; and
            ``(D) by developing and monitoring--
                ``(i) best practices with respect to standardized State 
            public-private partnership authorities and practices, 
            including best practices related to--

                    ``(I) accurate and reliable assumptions for 
                analyzing public-private partnership procurements;
                    ``(II) procedures for the handling of unsolicited 
                bids;
                    ``(III) policies with respect to noncompete 
                clauses; and
                    ``(IV) other significant terms of public-private 
                partnership procurements, as determined appropriate by 
                the Bureau;

                ``(ii) standard contracts for the most common types of 
            public-private partnerships for transportation facilities; 
            and
                ``(iii) analytical tools and other techniques to aid 
            eligible entities in determining the appropriate project 
            delivery model, including a value for money analysis.
        ``(3) Transparency.--The Bureau shall--
            ``(A) ensure the transparency of a project receiving credit 
        assistance under a program referred to in subsection (d)(1) and 
        procured as a public-private partnership by--
                ``(i) requiring the sponsor of the project to undergo a 
            value for money analysis or a comparable analysis prior to 
            deciding to advance the project as a public-private 
            partnership;
                ``(ii) requiring the analysis required under 
            subparagraph (A), and other key terms of the relevant 
            public-private partnership agreement, to be made publicly 
            available by the project sponsor at an appropriate time;
                ``(iii) not later than 3 years after the date of 
            completion of the project, requiring the sponsor of the 
            project to conduct a review regarding whether the private 
            partner is meeting the terms of the relevant public-private 
            partnership agreement; and
                ``(iv) providing a publicly available summary of the 
            total level of Federal assistance in such project; and
            ``(B) develop guidance to implement this paragraph that 
        takes into consideration variations in State and local laws and 
        requirements related to public-private partnerships.
        ``(4) Support to project sponsors.--At the request of an 
    eligible entity, the Bureau shall provide technical assistance to 
    the eligible entity regarding proposed public-private partnership 
    agreements for transportation facilities, including assistance in 
    performing a value for money analysis or comparable analysis.
    ``(f) Environmental Review and Permitting.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall take actions that are 
    appropriate and consistent with the Department's goals and policies 
    to improve the delivery timelines for projects carried out under 
    the programs referred to in subsection (d)(1).
        ``(2) Activities.--The Bureau shall carry out paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) by serving as the Department's liaison to the Council 
        on Environmental Quality;
            ``(B) by coordinating efforts to improve the efficiency and 
        effectiveness of the environmental review and permitting 
        process;
            ``(C) by providing technical assistance and training to 
        field and headquarters staff of Federal agencies on policy 
        changes and innovative approaches to the delivery of projects; 
        and
            ``(D) by identifying, developing, and tracking metrics for 
        permit reviews and decisions by Federal agencies for projects 
        under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.
        ``(3) Support to project sponsors.--At the request of an 
    eligible entity that is carrying out a project under a program 
    referred to in subsection (d)(1), the Bureau, in coordination with 
    the appropriate modal administrations within the Department, shall 
    provide technical assistance with regard to the compliance of the 
    project with the requirements of the National Environmental Policy 
    Act 1969 and relevant Federal environmental permits.
    ``(g) Project Procurement.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Bureau shall promote best practices in 
    procurement for a project receiving assistance under a program 
    referred to in subsection (d)(1) by developing, in coordination 
    with modal administrations within the Department as appropriate, 
    procurement benchmarks in order to ensure accountable expenditure 
    of Federal assistance over the life cycle of the project.
        ``(2) Procurement benchmarks.--To the maximum extent 
    practicable, the procurement benchmarks developed under paragraph 
    (1) shall--
            ``(A) establish maximum thresholds for acceptable project 
        cost increases and delays in project delivery;
            ``(B) establish uniform methods for States to measure cost 
        and delivery changes over the life cycle of a project; and
            ``(C) be tailored, as necessary, to various types of 
        project procurements, including design-bid-build, design-build, 
        and public-private partnerships.
        ``(3) Data collection.--The Bureau shall--
            ``(A) collect information related to procurement benchmarks 
        developed under paragraph (1), including project specific 
        information detailed under paragraph (2); and
            ``(B) provide on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of 
        the Department a report on the information collected under 
        subparagraph (A).
    ``(h) Elimination and Consolidation of Duplicative Offices.--
        ``(1) Elimination of offices.--The Secretary may eliminate any 
    office within the Department if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) the purposes of the office are duplicative of the 
        purposes of the Bureau; and
            ``(B) the elimination of the office does not adversely 
        affect the obligations of the Secretary under any Federal law.
        ``(2) Consolidation of offices and office functions.--The 
    Secretary may consolidate any office or office function within the 
    Department into the Bureau that the Secretary determines has 
    duties, responsibilities, resources, or expertise that support the 
    purposes of the Bureau.
        ``(3) Staffing and budgetary resources.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        Bureau is adequately staffed and funded.
            ``(B) Staffing.--The Secretary may transfer to the Bureau a 
        position within the Department from any office that is 
        eliminated or consolidated under this subsection if the 
        Secretary determines that the position is necessary to carry 
        out the purposes of the Bureau.
            ``(C) Savings provision.--If the Secretary transfers a 
        position to the Bureau under subparagraph (B), the Secretary, 
        in coordination with the appropriate modal administration, 
        shall ensure that the transfer of the position does not 
        adversely affect the obligations of the modal administration 
        under any Federal law.
            ``(D) Budgetary resources.--
                ``(i) Transfer of funds from eliminated or consolidated 
            offices.--During the 2-year period beginning on the date of 
            enactment of this section, the Secretary may transfer to 
            the Bureau funds allocated to any office or office function 
            that is eliminated or consolidated under this subsection to 
            carry out the purposes of the Bureau.
                ``(ii) Transfer of funds allocated to administrative 
            costs.--During the 2-year period beginning on the date of 
            enactment of this section, the Secretary may transfer to 
            the Bureau funds allocated to the administrative costs of 
            processing applications for the programs referred to in 
            subsection (d)(1).
        ``(4) Notification.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    enactment of this section, and every 90 days thereafter, the 
    Secretary shall notify the Committee on Transportation and 
    Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Environment and Public Works, the Committee on Banking, Housing, 
    and Urban Affairs, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate of--
            ``(A) the offices eliminated under paragraph (1) and the 
        rationale for elimination of the offices;
            ``(B) the offices and office functions consolidated under 
        paragraph (2) and the rationale for consolidation of the 
        offices and office functions;
            ``(C) the actions taken under paragraph (3) and the 
        rationale for taking such actions; and
            ``(D) any additional legislative actions that may be 
        needed.
    ``(i) Savings Provisions.--
        ``(1) Laws and regulations.--Nothing in this section may be 
    construed to change a law or regulation with respect to a program 
    referred to in subsection (d)(1).
        ``(2) Responsibilities.--Nothing in this section may be 
    construed to abrogate the responsibilities of an agency, operating 
    administration, or office within the Department otherwise charged 
    by a law or regulation with other aspects of program 
    administration, oversight, or project approval or implementation 
    for the programs and projects subject to this section.
        ``(3) Applicability.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
    to affect any pending application under 1 or more of the programs 
    referred to in subsection (d)(1) that was received by the Secretary 
    on or before the date of enactment of this section.
    ``(j) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
        ``(1) Bureau.--The term `Bureau' means the National Surface 
    Transportation and Innovative Finance Bureau of the Department.
        ``(2) Department.--The term `Department' means the Department 
    of Transportation.
        ``(3) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means an 
    eligible applicant receiving financial or credit assistance under 1 
    or more of the programs referred to in subsection (d)(1).
        ``(4) Executive director.--The term `Executive Director' means 
    the Executive Director of the Bureau.
        ``(5) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' means 
    a project involving the participation of more than 1 modal 
    administration or secretarial office within the Department.
        ``(6) Project.--The term `project' means a highway project, 
    public transportation capital project, freight or passenger rail 
    project, or multimodal project.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``116. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance Bureau.''.
SEC. 9002. COUNCIL ON CREDIT AND FINANCE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 49, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``Sec. 117. Council on Credit and Finance
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
establish a Council on Credit and Finance in accordance with this 
section.
    ``(b) Membership.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Council shall be composed of the 
    following members:
            ``(A) The Deputy Secretary of Transportation.
            ``(B) The Under Secretary of Transportation for Policy.
            ``(C) The Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary 
        for Budget and Programs.
            ``(D) The General Counsel of the Department of 
        Transportation.
            ``(E) The Assistant Secretary for Transportation Policy.
            ``(F) The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
        Administration.
            ``(G) The Administrator of the Federal Transit 
        Administration.
            ``(H) The Administrator of the Federal Railroad 
        Administration.
        ``(2) Additional members.--The Secretary may designate up to 3 
    additional officials of the Department to serve as at-large members 
    of the Council.
        ``(3) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--
            ``(A) Chairperson.--The Deputy Secretary of Transportation 
        shall serve as the chairperson of the Council.
            ``(B) Vice chairperson.--The Chief Financial Officer and 
        Assistant Secretary for Budget and Programs shall serve as the 
        vice chairperson of the Council.
        ``(4) Executive director.--The Executive Director of the 
    National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance Bureau shall 
    serve as a nonvoting member of the Council.
    ``(c) Duties.--The Council shall--
        ``(1) review applications for assistance submitted under the 
    programs referred to in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of section 
    116(d)(1);
        ``(2) review applications for assistance submitted under the 
    program referred to in section 116(d)(1)(D), as determined 
    appropriate by the Secretary;
        ``(3) make recommendations to the Secretary regarding the 
    selection of projects to receive assistance under such programs;
        ``(4) review, on a regular basis, projects that received 
    assistance under such programs; and
        ``(5) carry out such additional duties as the Secretary may 
    prescribe.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is further 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``117. Council on Credit and Finance.''.

    TITLE X--SPORT FISH RESTORATION AND RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY

SEC. 10001. ALLOCATIONS.
    (a) Authorization.--Section 3 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777b) is amended by striking ``57 percent'' 
and inserting ``58.012 percent''.
    (b) In General.--Section 4 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777c) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``For each'' and all that follows 
            through ``the balance'' and inserting ``For each fiscal 
            year through fiscal year 2021, the balance''; and
                (ii) by striking ``multistate conservation grants under 
            section 14'' and inserting ``activities under section 
            14(e)'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``18.5 percent'' and 
        inserting ``18.673 percent'';
            (C) in paragraph (2) by striking ``18.5 percent'' and 
        inserting ``17.315 percent'';
            (D) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4);
            (E) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
            (F) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
        ``(3) Boating infrastructure improvement.--
            ``(A) In general.--An amount equal to 4 percent to the 
        Secretary of the Interior for qualified projects under section 
        5604(c) of the Clean Vessel Act of 1992 (33 U.S.C. 1322 note) 
        and section 7404(d) of the Sportfishing and Boating Safety Act 
        of 1998 (16 U.S.C. 777g-1(d)).
            ``(B) Limitation.--Not more than 75 percent of the amount 
        under subparagraph (A) shall be available for projects under 
        either of the sections referred to in subparagraph (A).'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``for each'' and all 
        that follows through ``the Secretary'' and inserting ``for each 
        fiscal year through fiscal year 2021, the Secretary'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Set-aside for coast guard administration.--
            ``(A) In general.--From the annual appropriation made in 
        accordance with section 3, for each of fiscal years 2016 
        through 2021, the Secretary of the department in which the 
        Coast Guard is operating may use no more than the amount 
        specified in subparagraph (B) for the fiscal year for the 
        purposes set forth in section 13107(c) of title 46, United 
        States Code. The amount specified in subparagraph (B) for a 
        fiscal year may not be included in the amount of the annual 
        appropriation distributed under subsection (a) for the fiscal 
        year.
            ``(B) Available amounts.--The available amount referred to 
        in subparagraph (A) is--
                ``(i) for fiscal year 2016, $7,700,000; and
                ``(ii) for fiscal year 2017 and each fiscal year 
            thereafter, the sum of--

                    ``(I) the available amount for the preceding fiscal 
                year; and
                    ``(II) the amount determined by multiplying--

                        ``(aa) the available amount for the preceding 
                    fiscal year; and
                        ``(bb) the change, relative to the preceding 
                    fiscal year, in the Consumer Price Index for All 
                    Urban Consumers published by the Department of 
                    Labor.''; and
            (D) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``until the end of 
            the fiscal year.'' and inserting ``until the end of the 
            subsequent fiscal year.''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``under subsection 
            (e)'' and inserting ``under subsection (c)'';
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking ``(c) The Secretary'' and inserting 
        ``(c)(1) The Secretary,'';
            (B) by striking ``grants under section 14 of this title'' 
        and inserting ``activities under section 14(e)'';
            (C) by striking ``57 percent'' and inserting ``58.012 
        percent''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) The Secretary shall deduct from the amount to be apportioned 
under paragraph (1) the amounts used for grants under section 14(a).''; 
and
        (4) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``those subsections,'' 
    and inserting ``those paragraphs,''.
    (c) Submission and Approval of Plans and Projects.--Section 6(d) of 
the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777e(d)) is 
amended by striking ``for appropriations'' and inserting ``from 
appropriations''.
    (d) Unexpended or Unobligated Funds.--Section 8(b)(2) of the 
Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777g(b)(2)) is 
amended by striking ``57 percent'' and inserting ``58.012 percent''.
    (e) Cooperation.--Section 12 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777k) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``57 percent'' and inserting ``58.012 
    percent''; and
        (2) by striking ``under section 4(b)'' and inserting ``under 
    section 4(c)''.
    (f) Other Activities.--Section 14 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777m) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``of each annual 
    appropriation made in accordance with the provisions of section 
    3''; and
        (2) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``Of 
        amounts made available under section 4(b) for each fiscal 
        year--'' and inserting ``Not more than $1,200,000 of each 
        annual appropriation made in accordance with the provisions of 
        section 3 shall be distributed to the Secretary of the Interior 
        for use as follows:''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1)(D) by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        a period.
    (g) Repeal.--The Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act (16 
U.S.C. 777 et seq.) is amended--
        (1) by striking section 15; and
        (2) by redesignating section 16 as section 15.
SEC. 10002. RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY.
    Section 13107 of title 46, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``(1) Subject to paragraph (2) and 
        subsection (c),'' and inserting ``Subject to subsection (c),'';
            (B) by striking ``the sum of (A) the amount made available 
        from the Boat Safety Account for that fiscal year under section 
        15 of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act and (B)''; 
        and
            (C) by striking paragraph (2); and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking the subsection designation and paragraph 
        (1) and inserting the following:
    ``(c)(1)(A) The Secretary may use amounts made available each 
fiscal year under section 4(b)(2) of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish 
Restoration Act (16 U.S.C. 777c(b)(2)) for payment of expenses of the 
Coast Guard for investigations, personnel, and activities directly 
related to--
        ``(i) administering State recreational boating safety programs 
    under this chapter; or
        ``(ii) coordinating or carrying out the national recreational 
    boating safety program under this title.
    ``(B) Of the amounts used by the Secretary each fiscal year under 
subparagraph (A)--
        ``(i) not less than $2,100,000 is available to ensure 
    compliance with chapter 43 of this title; and
        ``(ii) not more than $1,500,000 is available to conduct by 
    grant or contract a survey of levels of recreational boating 
    participation and related matters in the United States.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``No funds'' and inserting ``On and 
            after October 1, 2016, no funds''; and
                (ii) by striking ``traditionally''.

                             TITLE XI--RAIL

SEC. 11001. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Passenger Rail Reform and 
Investment Act of 2015''.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

SEC. 11101. AUTHORIZATION OF GRANTS TO AMTRAK.
    (a) Northeast Corridor.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Secretary for the use of Amtrak for activities associated with the 
Northeast Corridor the following amounts:
        (1) For fiscal year 2016, $450,000,000.
        (2) For fiscal year 2017, $474,000,000.
        (3) For fiscal year 2018, $515,000,000.
        (4) For fiscal year 2019, $557,000,000.
        (5) For fiscal year 2020, $600,000,000.
    (b) National Network.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Secretary for the use of Amtrak for activities associated with the 
National Network the following amounts:
        (1) For fiscal year 2016, $1,000,000,000.
        (2) For fiscal year 2017, $1,026,000,000.
        (3) For fiscal year 2018, $1,085,000,000.
        (4) For fiscal year 2019, $1,143,000,000.
        (5) For fiscal year 2020, $1,200,000,000.
    (c) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may withhold up to 
one half of 1 percent of the amount appropriated under subsections (a) 
and (b) for the costs of management oversight of Amtrak.
    (d) Gulf Coast Working Group.--Of the total amount made available 
to the Office of the Secretary of Transportation and the Federal 
Railroad Administration, for each of fiscal years 2016 and 2017, 
$500,000 shall be used to convene the Gulf Coast rail service working 
group established under section 11304 of this Act and carry out its 
responsibilities under such section.
    (e) Competition.--In administering grants to Amtrak under section 
24319 of title 49, United States Code, the Secretary may withhold, from 
amounts that would otherwise be made available to Amtrak, such sums as 
are necessary from the amount appropriated under subsection (b) of this 
section to cover the operating subsidy described in section 
24711(b)(1)(E)(ii) of title 49, United States Code.
    (f) State-supported Route Committee.--The Secretary may withhold up 
to $2,000,000 from the amount appropriated in each fiscal year under 
subsection (b) of this section for the use of the State-Supported Route 
Committee established under section 24712 of title 49, United States 
Code.
    (g) Northeast Corridor Commission.--The Secretary may withhold up 
to $5,000,000 from the amount appropriated in each fiscal year under 
subsection (a) of this section for the use of the Northeast Corridor 
Commission established under section 24905 of title 49, United States 
Code.
    (h) Northeast Corridor.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``Northeast Corridor'' means the Northeast Corridor main line between 
Boston, Massachusetts, and the District of Columbia, and facilities and 
services used to operate and maintain that line.
    (i) Small Business Participation Study.--Of the total amount made 
available to the Office of the Secretary of Transportation and the 
Federal Railroad Administration, for each of fiscal years 2016 and 
2017, $1,500,000 shall be used to implement the small business 
participation study authorized under section 11310 of this Act.
SEC. 11102. CONSOLIDATED RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary for grants under section 24407 of title 49, United States 
Code, (as added by section 11301 of this Act), the following amounts:
        (1) For fiscal year 2016, $98,000,000.
        (2) For fiscal year 2017, $190,000,000.
        (3) For fiscal year 2018, $230,000,000.
        (4) For fiscal year 2019, $255,000,000.
        (5) For fiscal year 2020, $330,000,000.
    (b) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may withhold up to 
1 percent from the amount appropriated under subsection (a) of this 
section for the costs of project management oversight of grants carried 
out under section 24407 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 11103. FEDERAL-STATE PARTNERSHIP FOR STATE OF GOOD REPAIR.
    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary for grants under section 24911 of title 49, United States 
Code, (as added by section 11302 of this Act), the following amounts:
        (1) For fiscal year 2016, $82,000,000.
        (2) For fiscal year 2017, $140,000,000.
        (3) For fiscal year 2018, $175,000,000.
        (4) For fiscal year 2019, $300,000,000.
        (5) For fiscal year 2020, $300,000,000.
    (b) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may withhold up to 
1 percent from the amount appropriated under subsection (a) of this 
section for the costs of project management oversight of grants carried 
out under section 24911 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 11104. RESTORATION AND ENHANCEMENT GRANTS.
    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary for grants under section 24408 of title 49, United States 
Code, (as added by section 11303 of this Act), $20,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    (b) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may withhold up to 
1 percent from the amount appropriated under subsection (a) of this 
section for the costs of project management oversight of grants carried 
out under section 24408 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 11105. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR AMTRAK OFFICE OF 
INSPECTOR GENERAL.
    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Office of Inspector 
General of Amtrak the following amounts:
        (1) For fiscal year 2016, $20,000,000.
        (2) For fiscal year 2017, $20,500,000.
        (3) For fiscal year 2018, $21,000,000.
        (4) For fiscal year 2019, $21,500,000.
        (5) For fiscal year 2020, $22,000,000.
SEC. 11106. DEFINITIONS.
    (a) Title 49 Amendments.--Section 24102 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (9) as paragraphs 
    (7) through (11), respectively;
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(5) `long-distance route' means a route described in 
    subparagraph (C) of paragraph (7).
        ``(6) `National Network' includes long-distance routes and 
    State-supported routes.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(12) `state-of-good-repair' means a condition in which 
    physical assets, both individually and as a system, are--
            ``(A) performing at a level at least equal to that called 
        for in their as-built or as-modified design specification 
        during any period when the life cycle cost of maintaining the 
        assets is lower than the cost of replacing them; and
            ``(B) sustained through regular maintenance and replacement 
        programs.
        ``(13) `State-supported route' means a route described in 
    subparagraph (B) or (D) of paragraph (7), or in section 24702, that 
    is operated by Amtrak, excluding those trains operated by Amtrak on 
    the routes described in paragraph (7)(A).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 217 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
    Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 24702 note) is amended by 
    striking ``24102(5)(D)'' and inserting ``24102(7)(D)''.
        (2) Section 209(a) of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
    Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 note) is amended by 
    striking ``24102(5)(B) and (D)'' and inserting ``24102(7)(B) and 
    (D)''.

                       Subtitle B--Amtrak Reforms

SEC. 11201. ACCOUNTS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 243 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 24317. Accounts
    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to--
        ``(1) promote the effective use and stewardship by Amtrak of 
    Amtrak revenues, Federal, State, and third party investments, 
    appropriations, grants and other forms of financial assistance, and 
    other sources of funds; and
        ``(2) enhance the transparency of the assignment of revenues 
    and costs among Amtrak business lines while ensuring the health of 
    the Northeast Corridor and National Network.
    ``(b) Account Structure.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, the 
Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with Amtrak, shall define 
an account structure and improvements to accounting methodologies, as 
necessary, to support, at a minimum, the Northeast Corridor and the 
National Network.
    ``(c) Financial Sources.--In defining the account structure and 
improvements to accounting methodologies required under subsection (b), 
the Secretary shall ensure, to the greatest extent practicable, that 
Amtrak assigns the following:
        ``(1) For the Northeast Corridor account, all revenues, 
    appropriations, grants and other forms of financial assistance, 
    compensation, and other sources of funds associated with the 
    Northeast Corridor, including--
            ``(A) grant funds appropriated for the Northeast Corridor 
        pursuant to section 11101(a) of the Passenger Rail Reform and 
        Investment Act of 2015 or any subsequent Act;
            ``(B) compensation received from commuter rail passenger 
        transportation providers for such providers' share of capital 
        and operating costs on the Northeast Corridor provided to 
        Amtrak pursuant to section 24905(c); and
            ``(C) any operating surplus of the Northeast Corridor, as 
        allocated pursuant to section 24318.
        ``(2) For the National Network account, all revenues, 
    appropriations, grants and other forms of financial assistance, 
    compensation, and other sources of funds associated with the 
    National Network, including--
            ``(A) grant funds appropriated for the National Network 
        pursuant to section 11101(b) of the Passenger Rail Reform and 
        Investment Act of 2015 or any subsequent Act;
            ``(B) compensation received from States provided to Amtrak 
        pursuant to section 209 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
        Improvement Act of 2008 (42 U.S.C. 24101 note); and
            ``(C) any operating surplus of the National Network, as 
        allocated pursuant to section 24318.
    ``(d) Financial Uses.--In defining the account structure and 
improvements to accounting methodologies required under subsection (b), 
the Secretary shall ensure, to the greatest extent practicable, that 
amounts assigned to the Northeast Corridor and National Network 
accounts shall be used by Amtrak for the following:
        ``(1) For the Northeast Corridor, all associated costs, 
    including--
            ``(A) operating activities;
            ``(B) capital activities as described in section 
        24904(a)(2)(E);
            ``(C) acquiring, rehabilitating, manufacturing, 
        remanufacturing, overhauling, or improving equipment and 
        associated facilities used for intercity rail passenger 
        transportation by Northeast Corridor train services;
            ``(D) payment of principal and interest on loans for 
        capital projects described in this paragraph or for capital 
        leases attributable to the Northeast Corridor;
            ``(E) other capital projects on the Northeast Corridor, 
        determined appropriate by the Secretary, and consistent with 
        section 24905(c)(1)(A)(i); and
            ``(F) if applicable, capital projects described in section 
        24904(b).
        ``(2) For the National Network, all associated costs, 
    including--
            ``(A) operating activities;
            ``(B) capital activities; and
            ``(C) the payment of principal and interest on loans or 
        capital leases attributable to the National Network.
    ``(e) Implementation and Reporting.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, 
    Amtrak, in consultation with the Secretary, shall implement any 
    account structures and improvements defined under subsection (b) so 
    that Amtrak is able to produce profit and loss statements for each 
    of the business lines described in section 24320(b)(1) and, as 
    appropriate, each of the asset categories described in section 
    24320(c)(1) that identify sources and uses of--
            ``(A) revenues;
            ``(B) appropriations; and
            ``(C) transfers between business lines.
        ``(2) Updated profit and loss statements.--Not later than 1 
    month after the implementation under paragraph (1), and monthly 
    thereafter, Amtrak shall submit updated profit and loss statements 
    for each of the business lines and asset categories to the 
    Secretary.
    ``(f) Account Management.--For the purposes of account management, 
Amtrak may transfer funds between the Northeast Corridor account and 
National Network account without prior notification and approval under 
subsection (g) if such transfers--
        ``(1) do not materially impact Amtrak's ability to achieve its 
    anticipated financial, capital, and operating performance goals for 
    the fiscal year; and
        ``(2) would not materially change any grant agreement entered 
    into pursuant to section 24319(d), or other agreements made 
    pursuant to applicable Federal law.
    ``(g) Transfer Authority.--
        ``(1) In general.--If Amtrak determines that a transfer between 
    the accounts defined under subsection (b) does not meet the account 
    management standards established under subsection (f), Amtrak may 
    transfer funds between the Northeast Corridor and National Network 
    accounts if--
            ``(A) Amtrak notifies the Amtrak Board of Directors, 
        including the Secretary, at least 10 days prior to the expected 
        date of transfer; and
            ``(B) solely for a transfer that will materially change a 
        grant agreement, the Secretary approves.
        ``(2) Report.--Not later than 5 days after the Amtrak Board of 
    Directors receives notification from Amtrak under paragraph (1)(A), 
    the Board shall transmit to the Secretary, the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on 
    Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the Committee 
    on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on 
    Appropriations of the Senate, a report that includes--
            ``(A) the amount of the transfer; and
            ``(B) a detailed explanation of the reason for the 
        transfer, including--
                ``(i) the effects on Amtrak services funded by the 
            account from which the transfer is drawn, in comparison to 
            a scenario in which no transfer was made; and
                ``(ii) the effects on Amtrak services funded by the 
            account receiving the transfer, in comparison to a scenario 
            in which no transfer was made.
        ``(3) Notifications.--Not later than 5 days after the date that 
    Amtrak notifies the Amtrak Board of Directors of a transfer under 
    paragraph (1) to or from an account, Amtrak shall transmit to the 
    State-Supported Route Committee and Northeast Corridor Commission a 
    letter that includes the information described under subparagraphs 
    (A) and (B) of paragraph (2).
    ``(h) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, Amtrak shall 
submit to the Secretary a report assessing the account and reporting 
structure established under this section and providing any 
recommendations for further action. Not later than 180 days after the 
date of receipt of such report, the Secretary shall provide an 
assessment that supplements Amtrak's report and submit the Amtrak 
report with the supplemental assessment to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.
    ``(i) Definition of Northeast Corridor.--Notwithstanding section 
24102, for purposes of this section, the term `Northeast Corridor' 
means the Northeast Corridor main line between Boston, Massachusetts, 
and the District of Columbia, and facilities and services used to 
operate and maintain that line.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for chapter 243 is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``24317. Accounts.''.
SEC. 11202. AMTRAK GRANT PROCESS.
    (a) Requirements and Procedures.--Chapter 243 of title 49, United 
States Code, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 24318. Costs and revenues
    ``(a) Allocation.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, 
Amtrak shall establish and maintain internal controls to ensure 
Amtrak's costs, revenues, and other compensation are appropriately 
allocated to the Northeast Corridor, including train services or 
infrastructure, or the National Network, including proportional shares 
of common and fixed costs.
    ``(b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the ability of Amtrak to enter into an agreement 
with 1 or more States to allocate operating and capital costs under 
section 209 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 
2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 note).
    ``(c) Definition of Northeast Corridor.--Notwithstanding section 
24102, for purposes of this section, the term `Northeast Corridor' 
means the Northeast Corridor main line between Boston, Massachusetts, 
and the District of Columbia, and facilities and services used to 
operate and maintain that line.
``Sec. 24319. Grant process
    ``(a) Procedures for Grant Requests.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act 
of 2015, the Secretary of Transportation shall establish and transmit 
to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the 
Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Appropriations 
of the House of Representatives substantive and procedural 
requirements, including schedules, for grant requests under this 
section.
    ``(b) Grant Requests.--Amtrak shall transmit to the Secretary grant 
requests for Federal funds appropriated to the Secretary of 
Transportation for the use of Amtrak.
    ``(c) Contents.--A grant request under subsection (b) shall, as 
applicable--
        ``(1) describe projected operating and capital costs for the 
    upcoming fiscal year for Northeast Corridor activities, including 
    train services and infrastructure, and National Network activities, 
    including State-supported routes and long-distance routes, in 
    comparison to prior fiscal year actual financial performance;
        ``(2) describe the capital projects to be funded, with cost 
    estimates and an estimated timetable for completion of the projects 
    covered by the request; and
        ``(3) assess Amtrak's financial condition.
    ``(d) Review and Approval.--
        ``(1) Thirty-day approval process.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
        that Amtrak submits a grant request under this section, the 
        Secretary of Transportation shall complete a review of the 
        request and provide notice to Amtrak that--
                ``(i) the request is approved; or
                ``(ii) the request is disapproved, including the reason 
            for the disapproval and an explanation of any incomplete or 
            deficient items.
            ``(B) Grant agreement.--If a grant request is approved, the 
        Secretary shall enter into a grant agreement with Amtrak.
        ``(2) Fifteen-day modification period.--Not later than 15 days 
    after the date of a notice under paragraph (1)(A)(ii), Amtrak shall 
    submit a modified request for the Secretary's review.
        ``(3) Modified requests.--Not later than 15 days after the date 
    that Amtrak submits a modified request under paragraph (2), the 
    Secretary shall either approve the modified request, or, if the 
    Secretary finds that the request is still incomplete or deficient, 
    the Secretary shall identify in writing to the Committee on 
    Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on 
    Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
    and Infrastructure and the Committee on Appropriations of the House 
    of Representatives the remaining deficiencies and recommend a 
    process for resolving the outstanding portions of the request.
    ``(e) Payments to Amtrak.--
        ``(1) In general.--A grant agreement entered into under 
    subsection (d) shall specify the operations, services, and other 
    activities to be funded by the grant. The grant agreement shall 
    include provisions, consistent with the requirements of this 
    chapter, to measure Amtrak's performance and ensure accountability 
    in delivering the operations, services, or activities to be funded 
    by the grant.
        ``(2) Schedule.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), in each 
    fiscal year for which amounts are appropriated to the Secretary for 
    the use of Amtrak, and for which the Secretary and Amtrak have 
    entered into a grant agreement under subsection (d), the Secretary 
    shall disburse grant funds to Amtrak on the following schedule:
            ``(A) 50 percent on October 1.
            ``(B) 25 percent on January 1.
            ``(C) 25 percent on April 1.
        ``(3) Exceptions.--The Secretary may make a payment to Amtrak 
    of appropriated funds--
            ``(A) more frequently than the schedule under paragraph (2) 
        if Amtrak, for good cause, requests more frequent payment 
        before the end of a payment period; or
            ``(B) with a different frequency or in different percentage 
        allocations in the event of a continuing resolution or in the 
        absence of an appropriations Act for the duration of a fiscal 
        year.
    ``(f) Availability of Amounts and Early Appropriations.--Amounts 
appropriated to the Secretary for the use of Amtrak shall remain 
available until expended. Amounts for capital acquisitions and 
improvements may be appropriated for a fiscal year before the fiscal 
year in which the amounts will be obligated.
    ``(g) Limitations on Use.--Amounts appropriated to the Secretary 
for the use of Amtrak may not be used to cross-subsidize operating 
losses or capital costs of commuter rail passenger or freight rail 
transportation.
    ``(h) Definition of Northeast Corridor.--Notwithstanding section 
24102, for purposes of this section, the term `Northeast Corridor' 
means the Northeast Corridor main line between Boston, Massachusetts, 
and the District of Columbia, and facilities and services used to 
operate and maintain that line.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--The table of contents for chapter 243 
is further amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``24318. Costs and revenues.
    ``24319. Grant process.''.

    (c) Repeals.--
        (1) Establishment of grant process.--Section 206 of the 
    Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 
    24101 note) and the item relating to that section in the table of 
    contents of that Act are repealed.
        (2) Authorization of appropriations.--Section 24104 of title 
    49, United States Code, and the item relating to that section in 
    the table of contents of chapter 241 are repealed.
SEC. 11203. 5-YEAR BUSINESS LINE AND ASSET PLANS.
    (a) Amtrak 5-Year Business Line and Asset Plans.--Chapter 243 of 
title 49, United States Code, is further amended by inserting after 
section 24319 the following:
``Sec. 24320. Amtrak 5-year business line and asset plans
    ``(a) In General.--
        ``(1) Final plans.--Not later than February 15 of each year, 
    Amtrak shall submit to Congress and the Secretary of Transportation 
    final 5-year business line plans and 5-year asset plans prepared in 
    accordance with this section. These final plans shall form the 
    basis for Amtrak's general and legislative annual report to the 
    President and Congress required by section 24315(b). Each plan 
    shall cover a period of 5 fiscal years, beginning with the first 
    fiscal year after the date on which the plan is completed.
        ``(2) Fiscal constraint.--Each plan prepared under this section 
    shall be based on funding levels authorized or otherwise available 
    to Amtrak in a fiscal year. In the absence of an authorization or 
    appropriation of funds for a fiscal year, the plans shall be based 
    on the amount of funding available in the previous fiscal year, 
    plus inflation. Amtrak may include an appendix to the asset plan 
    required in subsection (c) that describes any funding needs in 
    excess of amounts authorized or otherwise available to Amtrak in a 
    fiscal year.
    ``(b) Amtrak 5-Year Business Line Plans.--
        ``(1) Amtrak business lines.--Amtrak shall prepare a 5-year 
    business line plan for each of the following business lines and 
    services:
            ``(A) Northeast Corridor train services.
            ``(B) State-supported routes operated by Amtrak.
            ``(C) Long-distance routes operated by Amtrak.
            ``(D) Ancillary services operated by Amtrak, including 
        commuter operations and other revenue generating activities as 
        determined by the Secretary in coordination with Amtrak.
        ``(2) Contents of 5-year business line plans.--The 5-year 
    business line plan for each business line shall include, at a 
    minimum--
            ``(A) a statement of Amtrak's objectives, goals, and 
        service plan for the business line, in consultation with any 
        entities that are contributing capital or operating funding to 
        support passenger rail services within those business lines, 
        and aligned with Amtrak's Strategic Plan and 5-year asset plans 
        under subsection (c);
            ``(B) all projected revenues and expenditures for the 
        business line, including identification of revenues and 
        expenditures incurred by--
                ``(i) passenger operations;
                ``(ii) non-passenger operations that are directly 
            related to the business line; and
                ``(iii) governmental funding sources, including 
            revenues and other funding received from States;
            ``(C) projected ridership levels for all passenger 
        operations;
            ``(D) estimates of long-term and short-term debt and 
        associated principal and interest payments (both current and 
        forecasts);
            ``(E) annual profit and loss statements and forecasts and 
        balance sheets;
            ``(F) annual cash flow forecasts;
            ``(G) a statement describing the methodologies and 
        significant assumptions underlying estimates and forecasts;
            ``(H) specific performance measures that demonstrate year 
        over year changes in the results of Amtrak's operations;
            ``(I) financial performance for each route within each 
        business line, including descriptions of the cash operating 
        loss or contribution and productivity for each route;
            ``(J) specific costs and savings estimates resulting from 
        reform initiatives;
            ``(K) prior fiscal year and projected equipment reliability 
        statistics; and
            ``(L) an identification and explanation of any major 
        adjustments made from previously-approved plans.
        ``(3) 5-year business line plans process.--In meeting the 
    requirements of this section, Amtrak shall--
            ``(A) consult with the Secretary in the development of the 
        business line plans;
            ``(B) for the Northeast Corridor business line plan, 
        consult with the Northeast Corridor Commission and transmit to 
        the Commission the final plan under subsection (a)(1), and 
        consult with other entities, as appropriate;
            ``(C) for the State-supported route business line plan, 
        consult with the State-Supported Route Committee established 
        under section 24712;
            ``(D) for the long-distance route business line plan, 
        consult with any States or Interstate Compacts that provide 
        funding for such routes, as appropriate;
            ``(E) ensure that Amtrak's general and legislative annual 
        report, required under section 24315(b), to the President and 
        Congress is consistent with the information in the 5-year 
        business line plans; and
            ``(F) identify the appropriate Amtrak officials that are 
        responsible for each business line.
        ``(4) Definition of northeast corridor.--Notwithstanding 
    section 24102, for purposes of this section, the term `Northeast 
    Corridor' means the Northeast Corridor main line between Boston, 
    Massachusetts, and the District of Columbia, and facilities and 
    services used to operate and maintain that line.
    ``(c) Amtrak 5-Year Asset Plans.--
        ``(1) Asset categories.--Amtrak shall prepare a 5-year asset 
    plan for each of the following asset categories:
            ``(A) Infrastructure, including all Amtrak-controlled 
        Northeast Corridor assets and other Amtrak-owned 
        infrastructure, and the associated facilities that support the 
        operation, maintenance, and improvement of those assets.
            ``(B) Passenger rail equipment, including all Amtrak-
        controlled rolling stock, locomotives, and mechanical shop 
        facilities that are used to overhaul equipment.
            ``(C) Stations, including all Amtrak-controlled passenger 
        rail stations and elements of other stations for which Amtrak 
        has legal responsibility or intends to make capital 
        investments.
            ``(D) National assets, including national reservations, 
        security, training and training centers, and other assets 
        associated with Amtrak's national rail passenger transportation 
        system.
        ``(2) Contents of 5-year asset plans.--Each asset plan shall 
    include, at a minimum--
            ``(A) a summary of Amtrak's 5-year strategic plan for each 
        asset category, including goals, objectives, any relevant 
        performance metrics, and statutory or regulatory actions 
        affecting the assets;
            ``(B) an inventory of existing Amtrak capital assets, to 
        the extent practicable, including information regarding shared 
        use or ownership, if applicable;
            ``(C) a prioritized list of proposed capital investments 
        that--
                ``(i) categorizes each capital project as being 
            primarily associated with--

                    ``(I) normalized capital replacement;
                    ``(II) backlog capital replacement;
                    ``(III) improvements to support service 
                enhancements or growth;
                    ``(IV) strategic initiatives that will improve 
                overall operational performance, lower costs, or 
                otherwise improve Amtrak's corporate efficiency; or
                    ``(V) statutory, regulatory, or other legal 
                mandates;

                ``(ii) identifies each project or program that is 
            associated with more than 1 category described in clause 
            (i); and
                ``(iii) describes the anticipated business outcome of 
            each project or program identified under this subparagraph, 
            including an assessment of--

                    ``(I) the potential effect on passenger operations, 
                safety, reliability, and resilience;
                    ``(II) the potential effect on Amtrak's ability to 
                meet regulatory requirements if the project or program 
                is not funded; and
                    ``(III) the benefits and costs; and

            ``(D) annual profit and loss statements and forecasts and 
        balance sheets for each asset category.
        ``(3) 5-year asset plan process.--In meeting the requirements 
    of this subsection, Amtrak shall--
            ``(A) consult with each business line described in 
        subsection (b)(1) in the preparation of each 5-year asset plan 
        and ensure integration of each 5-year asset plan with the 5-
        year business line plans;
            ``(B) as applicable, consult with the Northeast Corridor 
        Commission, the State-Supported Route Committee, and owners of 
        assets affected by 5-year asset plans; and
            ``(C) identify the appropriate Amtrak officials that are 
        responsible for each asset category.
        ``(4) Evaluation of national assets costs.--The Secretary 
    shall--
            ``(A) evaluate the costs and scope of all national assets; 
        and
            ``(B) determine the activities and costs that are--
                ``(i) required in order to ensure the efficient 
            operations of a national rail passenger system;
                ``(ii) appropriate for allocation to 1 of the other 
            Amtrak business lines; and
                ``(iii) extraneous to providing an efficient national 
            rail passenger system or are too costly relative to the 
            benefits or performance outcomes they provide.
        ``(5) Definition of national assets.--In this section, the term 
    `national assets' means the Nation's core rail assets shared among 
    Amtrak services, including national reservations, security, 
    training and training centers, and other assets associated with 
    Amtrak's national rail passenger transportation system.
        ``(6) Restructuring of national assets.--Not later than 1 year 
    after the date of completion of the evaluation under paragraph (4), 
    the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration, in 
    consultation with the Amtrak Board of Directors, the governors of 
    each relevant State, and the Mayor of the District of Columbia, or 
    their designees, shall restructure or reallocate, or both, the 
    national assets costs in accordance with the determination under 
    that section, including making appropriate updates to Amtrak's cost 
    accounting methodology and system.
        ``(7) Exemption.--
            ``(A) In general.--Upon written request from the Amtrak 
        Board of Directors, the Secretary may exempt Amtrak from 
        including in a plan required under this subsection any 
        information described in paragraphs (1) and (2).
            ``(B) Public availability.--The Secretary shall make 
        available to the public on the Department's Internet Web site 
        any exemption granted under subparagraph (A) and a detailed 
        justification for granting such exemption.
            ``(C) Inclusion in plan.--Amtrak shall include in the plan 
        required under this subsection any request granted under 
        subparagraph (A) and justification under subparagraph (B).
    ``(d) Standards to Promote Financial Stability.--In preparing plans 
under this section, Amtrak shall--
        ``(1) apply sound budgetary practices, including reducing costs 
    and other expenditures, improving productivity, increasing 
    revenues, or combinations of such practices; and
        ``(2) use the categories specified in the financial accounting 
    and reporting system developed under section 203 of the Passenger 
    Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 
    note).''.
    (b) Effective Dates.--The requirement for Amtrak to submit 5-year 
business line plans under section 24320(a)(1) of title 49, United 
States Code, shall take effect on February 15, 2017, the due date of 
the first business line plans. The requirement for Amtrak to submit 5-
year asset plans under section 24320(a)(1) of such title shall take 
effect on February 15, 2019, the due date of the first asset plans.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--The table of contents for chapter 243 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``24320. Amtrak 5-year business line and asset plans.''.

    (d) Repeal of 5-Year Financial Plan.--Section 204 of the Passenger 
Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 note), and 
the item relating to that section in the table of contents of that Act, 
are repealed.
SEC. 11204. STATE-SUPPORTED ROUTE COMMITTEE.
    (a) Amendment.--Chapter 247 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 24712. State-supported routes operated by Amtrak
    ``(a) State-Supported Route Committee.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, 
    the Secretary of Transportation shall establish the State-Supported 
    Route Committee (referred to in this section as the `Committee') to 
    promote mutual cooperation and planning pertaining to the rail 
    operations of Amtrak and related activities of trains operated by 
    Amtrak on State-supported routes and to further implement section 
    209 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 
    (49 U.S.C. 24101 note).
        ``(2) Membership.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Committee shall consist of--
                ``(i) members representing Amtrak;
                ``(ii) members representing the Department of 
            Transportation, including the Federal Railroad 
            Administration; and
                ``(iii) members representing States.
            ``(B) Non-voting members.--The Committee may invite and 
        accept other non-voting members to participate in Committee 
        activities, as appropriate.
        ``(3) Decisionmaking.--The Committee shall establish a bloc 
    voting system under which, at a minimum--
            ``(A) there are 3 separate voting blocs to represent the 
        Committee's voting members, including--
                ``(i) 1 voting bloc to represent the members described 
            in paragraph (2)(A)(i);
                ``(ii) 1 voting bloc to represent the members described 
            in paragraph (2)(A)(ii); and
                ``(iii) 1 voting bloc to represent the members 
            described in paragraph (2)(A)(iii);
            ``(B) each voting bloc has 1 vote;
            ``(C) the vote of the voting bloc representing the members 
        described in paragraph (2)(A)(iii) requires the support of at 
        least two-thirds of that voting bloc's members; and
            ``(D) the Committee makes decisions by unanimous consent of 
        the 3 voting blocs.
        ``(4) Meetings; rules and procedures.--The Committee shall 
    convene a meeting and shall define and implement the rules and 
    procedures governing the Committee's proceedings not later than 180 
    days after the date of establishment of the Committee by the 
    Secretary. The rules and procedures shall--
            ``(A) incorporate and further describe the decisionmaking 
        procedures to be used in accordance with paragraph (3); and
            ``(B) be adopted in accordance with such decisionmaking 
        procedures.
        ``(5) Committee decisions.--Decisions made by the Committee in 
    accordance with the Committee's rules and procedures, once 
    established, are binding on all Committee members.
        ``(6) Cost allocation methodology.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
        Committee may amend the cost allocation methodology required 
        and previously approved under section 209 of the Passenger Rail 
        Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 note).
            ``(B) Procedures for changing methodology.--The rules and 
        procedures implemented under paragraph (4) shall include 
        procedures for changing the cost allocation methodology.
            ``(C) Requirements.--The cost allocation methodology 
        shall--
                ``(i) ensure equal treatment in the provision of like 
            services of all States and groups of States; and
                ``(ii) allocate to each route the costs incurred only 
            for the benefit of that route and a proportionate share, 
            based upon factors that reasonably reflect relative use, of 
            costs incurred for the common benefit of more than 1 route.
    ``(b) Invoices and Reports.--Not later than April 15, 2016, and 
monthly thereafter, Amtrak shall provide to each State that sponsors a 
State-supported route a monthly invoice of the cost of operating such 
route, including fixed costs and third-party costs. The Committee shall 
determine the frequency and contents of financial and performance 
reports that Amtrak shall provide to the States, as well as the 
planning and demand reports that the States shall provide to Amtrak.
    ``(c) Dispute Resolution.--
        ``(1) Request for dispute resolution.--If a dispute arises with 
    respect to the rules and procedures implemented under subsection 
    (a)(4), an invoice or a report provided under subsection (b), 
    implementation or compliance with the cost allocation methodology 
    developed under section 209 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
    Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 note) or amended under 
    subsection (a)(6) of this section, either Amtrak or the State may 
    request that the Surface Transportation Board conduct dispute 
    resolution under this subsection.
        ``(2) Procedures.--The Surface Transportation Board shall 
    establish procedures for resolution of disputes brought before it 
    under this subsection, which may include provision of professional 
    mediation services.
        ``(3) Binding effect.--A decision of the Surface Transportation 
    Board under this subsection shall be binding on the parties to the 
    dispute.
        ``(4) Obligation.--Nothing in this subsection shall affect the 
    obligation of a State to pay an amount not in dispute.
    ``(d) Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may provide assistance to the 
    parties in the course of negotiations for a contract for operation 
    of a State-supported route.
        ``(2) Financial assistance.--From among available funds, the 
    Secretary shall provide--
            ``(A) financial assistance to Amtrak or 1 or more States to 
        perform requested independent technical analysis of issues 
        before the Committee; and
            ``(B) administrative expenses that the Secretary determines 
        necessary.
    ``(e) Performance Metrics.--In negotiating a contract for operation 
of a State-supported route, Amtrak and the State or States that sponsor 
the route shall consider including provisions that provide penalties 
and incentives for performance.
    ``(f) Statement of Goals and Objectives.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Committee shall develop a statement of 
    goals, objectives, and associated recommendations concerning the 
    future of State-supported routes operated by Amtrak. The statement 
    shall identify the roles and responsibilities of Committee members 
    and any other relevant entities, such as host railroads, in meeting 
    the identified goals and objectives, or carrying out the 
    recommendations. The Committee may consult with such relevant 
    entities, as the Committee considers appropriate, when developing 
    the statement.
        ``(2) Transmission of statement of goals and objectives.--Not 
    later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the Passenger 
    Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, the Committee shall 
    transmit the statement developed under paragraph (1) to the 
    Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
    and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
    of Representatives.
    ``(g) Rule of Construction.--The decisions of the Committee--
        ``(1) shall pertain to the rail operations of Amtrak and 
    related activities of trains operated by Amtrak on State-sponsored 
    routes; and
        ``(2) shall not pertain to the rail operations or related 
    activities of services operated by other rail carriers on State-
    supported routes.
    ``(h) Definition of State.--In this section, the term `State' means 
any of the 50 States, including the District of Columbia, that sponsor 
the operation of trains by Amtrak on a State-supported route, or a 
public entity that sponsors such operation on such a route.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Table of contents.--The table of contents for chapter 247 
    of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
    the following:

``24712. State-supported routes operated by Amtrak.''.

        (2) Passenger rail investment and improvement act.--Section 209 
    of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 (49 
    U.S.C. 24101 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (b); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (b) and (c), respectively.
SEC. 11205. COMPOSITION OF AMTRAK'S BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
    Section 24302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) by striking ``9 directors'' and inserting ``10 
        directors'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B) by inserting ``, who shall serve as 
        a nonvoting member of the Board'' after ``Amtrak''; and
            (C) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``7'' and inserting 
        ``8''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by inserting ``who are eligible to 
    vote'' after ``serving''.
SEC. 11206. ROUTE AND SERVICE PLANNING DECISIONS.
    Section 208 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 
2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 208. METHODOLOGIES FOR AMTRAK ROUTE AND SERVICE PLANNING 
      DECISIONS.
    ``(a) Methodology Development.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 
2015, Amtrak shall obtain the services of an independent entity to 
develop and recommend objective methodologies for Amtrak to use in 
determining what intercity rail passenger transportation routes and 
services it should provide, including the establishment of new routes, 
the elimination of existing routes, and the contraction or expansion of 
services or frequencies over such routes.
    ``(b) Considerations.--Amtrak shall require the independent entity, 
in developing the methodologies described in subsection (a), to 
consider--
        ``(1) the current and expected performance and service quality 
    of intercity rail passenger transportation operations, including 
    cost recovery, on-time performance, ridership, on-board services, 
    stations, facilities, equipment, and other services;
        ``(2) the connectivity of a route with other routes;
        ``(3) the transportation needs of communities and populations 
    that are not well served by intercity rail passenger transportation 
    service or by other forms of intercity transportation;
        ``(4) the methodologies of Amtrak and major intercity rail 
    passenger transportation service providers in other countries for 
    determining intercity passenger rail routes and services;
        ``(5) the financial and operational effects on the overall 
    network, including the effects on direct and indirect costs;
        ``(6) the views of States, rail carriers that own 
    infrastructure over which Amtrak operates, Interstate Compacts 
    established by Congress and States, Amtrak employee 
    representatives, stakeholder organizations, and other interested 
    parties; and
        ``(7) the funding levels that will be available under 
    authorization levels that have been enacted into law.
    ``(c) Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, 
Amtrak shall transmit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives the recommendations 
developed by the independent entity under subsection (a).
    ``(d) Consideration of Recommendations.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date on which the recommendations are transmitted under 
subsection (c), the Amtrak Board of Directors shall consider the 
adoption of each recommendation and transmit to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report explaining the reasons for adopting or not adopting each 
recommendation.''.
SEC. 11207. FOOD AND BEVERAGE REFORM.
    (a) Amendment.--Chapter 243 of title 49, United States Code, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 24321. Food and beverage reform
    ``(a) Plan.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, Amtrak shall 
develop and begin implementing a plan to eliminate, within 5 years of 
such date of enactment, the operating loss associated with providing 
food and beverage service on board Amtrak trains.
    ``(b) Considerations.--In developing and implementing the plan, 
Amtrak shall consider a combination of cost management and revenue 
generation initiatives, including--
        ``(1) scheduling optimization;
        ``(2) on-board logistics;
        ``(3) product development and supply chain efficiency;
        ``(4) training, awards, and accountability;
        ``(5) technology enhancements and process improvements; and
        ``(6) ticket revenue allocation.
    ``(c) Savings Clause.--Amtrak shall ensure that no Amtrak employee 
holding a position as of the date of enactment of the Passenger Rail 
Reform and Investment Act of 2015 is involuntarily separated because 
of--
        ``(1) the development and implementation of the plan required 
    under subsection (a); or
        ``(2) any other action taken by Amtrak to implement this 
    section.
    ``(d) No Federal Funding for Operating Losses.--Beginning on the 
date that is 5 years after the date of enactment of the Passenger Rail 
Reform and Investment Act of 2015, no Federal funds may be used to 
cover any operating loss associated with providing food and beverage 
service on a route operated by Amtrak or a rail carrier that operates a 
route in lieu of Amtrak pursuant to section 24711.
    ``(e) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment 
of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 2015, and annually 
thereafter for 5 years, Amtrak shall transmit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report containing the plan developed pursuant to subsection (a) and a 
description of progress in the implementation of the plan.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 243 of 
title 49, United States Code, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new item:

``24321. Food and beverage reform.''.
SEC. 11208. ROLLING STOCK PURCHASES.
    (a) Amendment.--Chapter 243 of title 49, United States Code, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 24322. Rolling stock purchases
    ``(a) In General.--Prior to entering into any contract in excess of 
$100,000,000 for rolling stock and locomotive procurements Amtrak shall 
submit a business case analysis to the Secretary of Transportation, the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives, on the utility of such procurements.
    ``(b) Contents.--The business case analysis shall--
        ``(1) include a cost and benefit comparison that describes the 
    total lifecycle costs and the anticipated benefits related to 
    revenue, operational efficiency, reliability, and other factors;
        ``(2) set forth the total payments by fiscal year;
        ``(3) identify the specific source and amounts of funding for 
    each payment, including Federal funds, State funds, Amtrak profits, 
    Federal, State, or private loans or loan guarantees, and other 
    funding;
        ``(4) include an explanation of whether any payment under the 
    contract will increase Amtrak's funding request in its general and 
    legislative annual report required under section 24315(b) in a 
    particular fiscal year; and
        ``(5) describe how Amtrak will adjust the procurement if future 
    funding is not available.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as requiring Amtrak to disclose confidential information 
regarding a potential vendor's proposed pricing or other sensitive 
business information prior to contract execution or prohibiting Amtrak 
from entering into a contract after submission of a business case 
analysis under subsection (a).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 243 of 
title 49, United States Code, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new item:

``24322. Rolling stock purchases.''.
SEC. 11209. LOCAL PRODUCTS AND PROMOTIONAL EVENTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, Amtrak shall establish a pilot program for a 
State or States that sponsor a State-supported route operated by Amtrak 
to facilitate--
        (1) onboard purchase and sale of local food and beverage 
    products; and
        (2) partnerships with local entities to hold promotional events 
    on trains or in stations.
    (b) Program Design.--The pilot program under paragraph (1) shall--
        (1) allow a State or States to nominate and select a local food 
    and beverage products supplier or suppliers or local promotional 
    event partner;
        (2) allow a State or States to charge a reasonable price or fee 
    for local food and beverage products or promotional events and 
    related activities to help defray the costs of program 
    administration and State-supported routes; and
        (3) provide a mechanism to ensure that State products can 
    effectively be handled and integrated into existing food and 
    beverage services, including compliance with all applicable 
    regulations and standards governing such services.
    (c) Program Administration.--The pilot program shall--
        (1) for local food and beverage products, ensure the products 
    are integrated into existing food and beverage services, including 
    compliance with all applicable regulations and standards;
        (2) for promotional events, ensure the events are held in 
    compliance with all applicable regulations and standards, including 
    terms to address insurance requirements; and
        (3) require an annual report that documents revenues and costs 
    and indicates whether the products or events resulted in a 
    reduction in the financial contribution of a State or States to the 
    applicable State-supported route.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, Amtrak shall report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives on which States have 
participated in the pilot programs under this section. The report shall 
summarize the financial and operational outcomes of the pilot programs 
and include any plan for future action.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as limiting Amtrak's ability to operate special trains in 
accordance with section 216 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
Improvement Act of 2008 (49 U.S.C. 24308 note).
SEC. 11210. AMTRAK PILOT PROGRAM FOR PASSENGERS TRANSPORTING 
DOMESTICATED CATS AND DOGS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, Amtrak shall develop a pilot program that allows 
passengers to transport domesticated cats or dogs on certain trains 
operated by Amtrak.
    (b) Pet Policy.--In developing the pilot program required under 
subsection (a), Amtrak shall--
        (1) in the case of a passenger train that is comprised of more 
    than 1 car, designate, where feasible, at least 1 car in which a 
    ticketed passenger may transport a domesticated cat or dog in the 
    same manner as carry-on baggage if--
            (A) the cat or dog is contained in a pet kennel;
            (B) the pet kennel complies with Amtrak size requirements 
        for carriage of carry-on baggage;
            (C) the passenger is traveling on a train operating on a 
        route described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (D) of section 
        24102(7) of title 49, United States Code; and
            (D) the passenger pays a fee described in paragraph (3);
        (2) allow a ticketed passenger to transport a domesticated cat 
    or dog on a train in the same manner as cargo if--
            (A) the cat or dog is contained in a pet kennel;
            (B) the pet kennel complies with Amtrak size requirements 
        for carriage of carry-on baggage;
            (C) the passenger is traveling on a train operating on a 
        route described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (D) of section 
        24102(7) of title 49, United States Code;
            (D) the cargo area is temperature controlled in a manner 
        protective of cat and dog safety and health; and
            (E) the passenger pays a fee described in paragraph (3); 
        and
        (3) collect fees for each cat or dog transported by a ticketed 
    passenger in an amount that, in the aggregate and at a minimum, 
    covers the full costs of the pilot program.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the pilot program required 
under subsection (a) is first implemented, Amtrak shall transmit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report containing an evaluation of the pilot program.
    (d) Limitation on Statutory Construction.--
        (1) Service animals.--The pilot program under subsection (a) 
    shall be separate from and in addition to the policy governing 
    Amtrak passengers traveling with service animals. Nothing in this 
    section may be interpreted to limit or waive the rights of 
    passengers to transport service animals.
        (2) Additional train cars.--Nothing in this section may be 
    interpreted to require Amtrak to add additional train cars or 
    modify existing train cars.
        (3) Federal funds.--No Federal funds may be used to implement 
    the pilot program required under this section.
SEC. 11211. RIGHT-OF-WAY LEVERAGING.
    (a) Request for Proposals.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, Amtrak shall issue a Request for Proposals 
    seeking qualified persons or entities to utilize right-of-way and 
    real estate owned, controlled, or managed by Amtrak for 
    telecommunications systems, energy distribution systems, and other 
    activities considered appropriate by Amtrak.
        (2) Contents.--The Request for Proposals shall provide 
    sufficient information on the right-of-way and real estate assets 
    to enable respondents to propose an arrangement that will monetize 
    or generate additional revenue from such assets through revenue 
    sharing or leasing agreements with Amtrak, to the extent possible.
        (3) Deadline.--Amtrak shall set a deadline for the submission 
    of proposals that is not later than 1 year after the issuance of 
    the Request for Proposals under paragraph (1).
    (b) Consideration of Proposals.--Not later than 180 days after the 
deadline for the receipt of proposals under subsection (a), the Amtrak 
Board of Directors shall review and consider each qualified proposal. 
Amtrak may enter into such agreements as are necessary to implement any 
qualified proposal.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the deadline for the 
receipt of proposals under subsection (a), Amtrak shall transmit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the Request for Proposals required by this 
section, including summary information of any proposals submitted to 
Amtrak and any proposals accepted by the Amtrak Board of Directors.
    (d) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
limit Amtrak's ability to utilize right-of-way or real estate assets 
that it currently owns, controls, or manages or constrain Amtrak's 
ability to enter into agreements with other parties to utilize such 
assets.
SEC. 11212. STATION DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Report on Development Options.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, Amtrak shall submit a report to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives that describes--
        (1) options to enhance economic development and accessibility 
    of and around Amtrak stations and terminals, for the purposes of--
            (A) improving station condition, functionality, capacity, 
        and customer amenities;
            (B) generating additional investment capital and 
        development-related revenue streams;
            (C) increasing ridership and revenue; and
            (D) strengthening multimodal connections, including 
        transit, intercity buses, roll-on and roll-off bicycles, and 
        airports, as appropriate; and
        (2) options for additional Amtrak stops that would have a 
    positive incremental financial impact to Amtrak, based on Amtrak 
    feasibility studies that demonstrate a financial benefit to Amtrak 
    by generating additional revenue that exceeds any incremental 
    costs.
    (b) Request for Information.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
the report is submitted under subsection (a), Amtrak shall issue a 
Request for Information for 1 or more owners of stations served by 
Amtrak to formally express an interest in completing the requirements 
of this section.
    (c) Proposals.--
        (1) Request for proposals.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date the Request for Information is issued under subsection (b), 
    Amtrak shall issue a Request for Proposals from qualified persons, 
    including small business concerns owned and controlled by socially 
    and economically disadvantaged individuals and veteran-owned small 
    businesses, to lead, participate, or partner with Amtrak, a station 
    owner that responded under subsection (b), and other entities in 
    enhancing development in and around such stations and terminals 
    using applicable options identified under subsection (a) at 
    facilities selected by Amtrak.
        (2) Consideration of proposals.--Not later than 1 year after 
    the date the Request for Proposals is issued under paragraph (1), 
    the Amtrak Board of Directors shall review and consider qualified 
    proposals submitted under paragraph (1). Amtrak or a station owner 
    that responded under subsection (b) may enter into such agreements 
    as are necessary to implement any qualified proposal.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, Amtrak shall transmit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report on the 
Request for Proposals process required under this section, including 
summary information of any qualified proposals submitted to Amtrak and 
any proposals acted upon by Amtrak or a station owner that responded 
under subsection (b).
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``small business 
concern'', ``socially and economically disadvantaged individual'', and 
``veteran-owned small business'' have the meanings given the terms in 
section 11310(c) of this Act.
    (f) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
limit Amtrak's ability to develop its stations, terminals, or other 
assets, to constrain Amtrak's ability to enter into and carry out 
agreements with other parties to enhance development at or around 
Amtrak stations or terminals, or to affect any station development 
initiatives ongoing as of the date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 11213. AMTRAK BOARDING PROCEDURES.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 9 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Amtrak Office of Inspector General shall submit a report 
to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives that--
        (1) evaluates Amtrak's boarding procedures for passengers, 
    including passengers using or transporting nonmotorized 
    transportation, such as bicycles, at its 15 stations through which 
    the most people pass;
        (2) compares Amtrak's boarding procedures to--
            (A) boarding procedures of providers of commuter railroad 
        passenger transportation at stations shared with Amtrak;
            (B) international intercity passenger rail boarding 
        procedures; and
            (C) fixed guideway transit boarding procedures; and
        (3) makes recommendations, as appropriate, to improve Amtrak's 
    boarding procedures, including recommendations regarding the 
    queuing of passengers and free-flow of all station users and 
    facility improvements needed to achieve the recommendations.
    (b) Consideration of Recommendations.--Not later than 6 months 
after the report is submitted under subsection (a), the Amtrak Board of 
Directors shall consider each recommendation provided under subsection 
(a)(3) for implementation at appropriate locations across the Amtrak 
system.
SEC. 11214. AMTRAK DEBT.
    Section 205 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 
2008 (49 U.S.C. 24101 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``as of the date of enactment of this Act'' 
    each place it appears;
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``, to the extent provided in advance in 
        appropriations Acts'' after ``Amtrak's indebtedness''; and
            (B) by striking the second sentence;
        (3) in subsection (b) by striking ``The Secretary of the 
    Treasury, in consultation'' and inserting ``To the extent amounts 
    are provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary of 
    the Treasury, in consultation'';
        (4) in subsection (d), by inserting ``, to the extent provided 
    in advance in appropriations Acts'' after ``as appropriate'';
        (5) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``by section 102 of this 
        division''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``by section 102'' and 
        inserting ``for Amtrak'';
        (6) in subsection (g) by inserting ``, unless that debt 
    receives credit assistance, including direct loans and loan 
    guarantees, under chapter 6 of title 23, United States Code or 
    title V of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 
    1976 (45 U.S.C. 821 et seq.)'' after ``Secretary''; and
        (7) by striking subsection (h).
SEC. 11215. ELIMINATION OF DUPLICATIVE REPORTING.
    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall--
        (1) review existing Amtrak reporting requirements and identify 
    where the existing requirements are duplicative with the business 
    line and asset plans required by section 24320 of title 49, United 
    States Code, or any other planning or reporting requirements under 
    Federal law or regulation;
        (2) if the duplicative requirements identified under paragraph 
    (1) are administrative, eliminate such requirements; and
        (3) submit to Congress a report with any recommendations for 
    repealing any other duplicative requirements.

              Subtitle C--Intercity Passenger Rail Policy

SEC. 11301. CONSOLIDATED RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 244 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 24407. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements
    ``(a) General Authority.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
section to an eligible recipient to assist in financing the cost of 
improving passenger and freight rail transportation systems in terms of 
safety, efficiency, or reliability.
    ``(b) Eligible Recipients.--The following entities are eligible to 
receive a grant under this section:
        ``(1) A State.
        ``(2) A group of States.
        ``(3) An Interstate Compact.
        ``(4) A public agency or publicly chartered authority 
    established by 1 or more States.
        ``(5) A political subdivision of a State.
        ``(6) Amtrak or another rail carrier that provides intercity 
    rail passenger transportation (as defined in section 24102).
        ``(7) A Class II railroad or Class III railroad (as those terms 
    are defined in section 20102).
        ``(8) Any rail carrier or rail equipment manufacturer in 
    partnership with at least 1 of the entities described in paragraphs 
    (1) through (5).
        ``(9) The Transportation Research Board and any entity with 
    which it contracts in the development of rail-related research, 
    including cooperative research programs.
        ``(10) A University transportation center engaged in rail-
    related research.
        ``(11) A non-profit labor organization representing a class or 
    craft of employees of rail carriers or rail carrier contractors.
    ``(c) Eligible Projects.--The following projects are eligible to 
receive grants under this section:
        ``(1) Deployment of railroad safety technology, including 
    positive train control and rail integrity inspection systems.
        ``(2) A capital project as defined in section 24401(2), except 
    that a project shall not be required to be in a State rail plan 
    developed under chapter 227.
        ``(3) A capital project identified by the Secretary as being 
    necessary to address congestion challenges affecting rail service.
        ``(4) A capital project identified by the Secretary as being 
    necessary to reduce congestion and facilitate ridership growth in 
    intercity passenger rail transportation along heavily traveled rail 
    corridors.
        ``(5) A highway-rail grade crossing improvement project, 
    including installation, repair, or improvement of grade 
    separations, railroad crossing signals, gates, and related 
    technologies, highway traffic signalization, highway lighting and 
    crossing approach signage, roadway improvements such as medians or 
    other barriers, railroad crossing panels and surfaces, and safety 
    engineering improvements to reduce risk in quiet zones or potential 
    quiet zones.
        ``(6) A rail line relocation and improvement project.
        ``(7) A capital project to improve short-line or regional 
    railroad infrastructure.
        ``(8) The preparation of regional rail and corridor service 
    development plans and corresponding environmental analyses.
        ``(9) Any project that the Secretary considers necessary to 
    enhance multimodal connections or facilitate service integration 
    between rail service and other modes, including between intercity 
    rail passenger transportation and intercity bus service or 
    commercial air service.
        ``(10) The development and implementation of a safety program 
    or institute designed to improve rail safety.
        ``(11) Any research that the Secretary considers necessary to 
    advance any particular aspect of rail-related capital, operations, 
    or safety improvements.
        ``(12) Workforce development and training activities, 
    coordinated to the extent practicable with the existing local 
    training programs supported by the Department of Transportation, 
    the Department of Labor, and the Department of Education.
    ``(d) Application Process.--The Secretary shall prescribe the form 
and manner of filing an application under this section.
    ``(e) Project Selection Criteria.--
        ``(1) In general.--In selecting a recipient of a grant for an 
    eligible project, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) give preference to a proposed project for which the 
        proposed Federal share of total project costs does not exceed 
        50 percent; and
            ``(B) after factoring in preference to projects under 
        subparagraph (A), select projects that will maximize the net 
        benefits of the funds appropriated for use under this section, 
        considering the cost-benefit analysis of the proposed project, 
        including anticipated private and public benefits relative to 
        the costs of the proposed project and factoring in the other 
        considerations described in paragraph (2).
        ``(2) Other considerations.--The Secretary shall also consider 
    the following:
            ``(A) The degree to which the proposed project's business 
        plan considers potential private sector participation in the 
        financing, construction, or operation of the project.
            ``(B) The recipient's past performance in developing and 
        delivering similar projects, and previous financial 
        contributions.
            ``(C) Whether the recipient has or will have the legal, 
        financial, and technical capacity to carry out the proposed 
        project, satisfactory continuing control over the use of the 
        equipment or facilities, and the capability and willingness to 
        maintain the equipment or facilities.
            ``(D) If applicable, the consistency of the proposed 
        project with planning guidance and documents set forth by the 
        Secretary or required by law or State rail plans developed 
        under chapter 227.
            ``(E) If applicable, any technical evaluation ratings the 
        proposed project received under previous competitive grant 
        programs administered by the Secretary.
            ``(F) Such other factors as the Secretary considers 
        relevant to the successful delivery of the project.
        ``(3) Benefits.--The benefits described in paragraph (1)(B) may 
    include the effects on system and service performance, including 
    measures such as improved safety, competitiveness, reliability, 
    trip or transit time, resilience, efficiencies from improved 
    integration with other modes, the ability to meet existing or 
    anticipated demand, and any other benefits.
    ``(f) Performance Measures.--The Secretary shall establish 
performance measures for each grant recipient to assess progress in 
achieving strategic goals and objectives. The Secretary may require a 
grant recipient to periodically report information related to such 
performance measures.
    ``(g) Rural Areas.--
        ``(1) In general.--Of the amounts appropriated under this 
    section, at least 25 percent shall be available for projects in 
    rural areas. The Secretary shall consider a project to be in a 
    rural area if all or the majority of the project (determined by the 
    geographic location or locations where the majority of the project 
    funds will be spent) is located in a rural area.
        ``(2) Definition of rural area.--In this subsection, the term 
    `rural area' means any area not in an urbanized area, as defined by 
    the Bureau of the Census.
    ``(h) Federal Share of Total Project Costs.--
        ``(1) Total project costs.--The Secretary shall estimate the 
    total costs of a project under this section based on the best 
    available information, including any available engineering studies, 
    studies of economic feasibility, environmental analyses, and 
    information on the expected use of equipment or facilities.
        ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of total project costs 
    under this section shall not exceed 80 percent.
        ``(3) Treatment of passenger rail revenue.--If Amtrak or 
    another rail carrier is an applicant under this section, Amtrak or 
    the other rail carrier, as applicable, may use ticket and other 
    revenues generated from its operations and other sources to satisfy 
    the non-Federal share requirements.
    ``(i) Applicability.--Except as specifically provided in this 
section, the use of any amounts appropriated for grants under this 
section shall be subject to the requirements of this chapter.
    ``(j) Availability.--Amounts appropriated for carrying out this 
section shall remain available until expended.
    ``(k) Limitation.--The requirements of sections 24402, 24403, and 
24404 and the definition contained in 24401(1) shall not apply to this 
section.
    ``(l) Special Transportation Circumstances.--
        ``(1) In general.--In carrying out this chapter, the Secretary 
    shall allocate an appropriate portion of the amounts available to 
    programs in this chapter to provide grants to States--
            ``(A) in which there is no intercity passenger rail 
        service, for the purpose of funding freight rail capital 
        projects that are on a State rail plan developed under chapter 
        227 that provide public benefits (as defined in chapter 227), 
        as determined by the Secretary; or
            ``(B) in which the rail transportation system is not 
        physically connected to rail systems in the continental United 
        States or may not otherwise qualify for a grant under this 
        section due to the unique characteristics of the geography of 
        that State or other relevant considerations, for the purpose of 
        funding transportation-related capital projects.
        ``(2) Definition.--For the purposes of this subsection, the 
    term `appropriate portion' means a share, for each State subject to 
    paragraph (1), not less than the share of the total railroad route 
    miles in such State of the total railroad route miles in the United 
    States, excluding from all totals the route miles exclusively used 
    for tourist, scenic, and excursion railroad operations.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of chapter 244 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item 
relating to section 24406 the following:

``24407. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements.''.

    (c) Repeals.--
        (1) Sections 20154 and 20167 of chapter 201 of title 49, United 
    States Code, and the items relating to such sections in the table 
    of contents of such chapter, are repealed.
        (2) Section 24105 of chapter 241 of title 49, United States 
    Code, and the item relating to such section in the table of 
    contents of such chapter, is repealed.
        (3) Chapter 225 of title 49, United States Code, and the item 
    relating to such chapter in the table of contents of subtitle V of 
    such title, is repealed.
        (4) Section 22108 of chapter 221 of title 49, United States 
    Code, and the item relating to such section in the table of 
    contents of such chapter, are repealed.
SEC. 11302. FEDERAL-STATE PARTNERSHIP FOR STATE OF GOOD REPAIR.
    (a) Amendment.--Chapter 249 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 24910 the following:
``Sec. 24911. Federal-State partnership for state of good repair
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Applicant.--The term `applicant' means--
            ``(A) a State (including the District of Columbia);
            ``(B) a group of States;
            ``(C) an Interstate Compact;
            ``(D) a public agency or publicly chartered authority 
        established by 1 or more States;
            ``(E) a political subdivision of a State;
            ``(F) Amtrak, acting on its own behalf or under a 
        cooperative agreement with 1 or more States; or
            ``(G) any combination of the entities described in 
        subparagraphs (A) through (F).
        ``(2) Capital project.--The term `capital project' means--
            ``(A) a project primarily intended to replace, 
        rehabilitate, or repair major infrastructure assets utilized 
        for providing intercity rail passenger service, including 
        tunnels, bridges, stations, and other assets, as determined by 
        the Secretary; or
            ``(B) a project primarily intended to improve intercity 
        passenger rail performance, including reduced trip times, 
        increased train frequencies, higher operating speeds, and other 
        improvements, as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(3) Intercity rail passenger transportation.--The term 
    `intercity rail passenger transportation' has the meaning given the 
    term in section 24102.
        ``(4) Northeast corridor.--The term `Northeast Corridor' 
    means--
            ``(A) the main rail line between Boston, Massachusetts and 
        the District of Columbia;
            ``(B) the branch rail lines connecting to Harrisburg, 
        Pennsylvania, Springfield, Massachusetts, and Spuyten Duyvil, 
        New York; and
            ``(C) facilities and services used to operate and maintain 
        lines described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
        ``(5) Qualified railroad asset.--The term `qualified railroad 
    asset' means infrastructure, equipment, or a facility that--
            ``(A) is owned or controlled by an eligible applicant;
            ``(B) is contained in the planning document developed under 
        section 24904 and for which a cost-allocation policy has been 
        developed under section 24905(c), or is contained in an 
        equivalent planning document and for which a similar cost-
        allocation policy has been developed; and
            ``(C) was not in a state of good repair on the date of 
        enactment of the Passenger Rail Reform and Investment Act of 
        2015.
    ``(b) Grant Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Transportation 
shall develop and implement a program for issuing grants to applicants, 
on a competitive basis, to fund capital projects that reduce the state 
of good repair backlog with respect to qualified railroad assets.
    ``(c) Eligible Projects.--Projects eligible for grants under this 
section include capital projects to replace or rehabilitate qualified 
railroad assets, including--
        ``(1) capital projects to replace existing assets in-kind;
        ``(2) capital projects to replace existing assets with assets 
    that increase capacity or provide a higher level of service;
        ``(3) capital projects to ensure that service can be maintained 
    while existing assets are brought to a state of good repair; an