[Title 13 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - January 1, 1999 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]


          13



          Business Credit and Assistance



[[Page i]]

                         Revised as of January 1, 1999

          CONTAINING
          A CODIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS
          OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY
          AND FUTURE EFFECT

          AS OF JANUARY 1, 1999
          With Ancillaries
          Published by
          the Office of the Federal Register
          National Archives and Records
          Administration

          as a Special Edition of
          the Federal Register



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                     U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
                            WASHINGTON : 1999



               For sale by U.S. Government Printing Office
 Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328



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                            Table of Contents



                                                                    Page
  Explanation.................................................       v

  Title 13:
          Chapter I--Small Business Administration                   3
          Chapter III--Economic Development Administration, 
          Department of Commerce                                   425
  Finding Aids:
      Material Approved for Incorporation by Reference........     475
      Table of CFR Titles and Chapters........................     477
      Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR......     495
      List of CFR Sections Affected...........................     505



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                     ----------------------------

                     Cite this Code:  CFR
                     To cite the regulations in 
                       this volume use title, 
                       part and section number. 
                       Thus, 13 CFR 101.100 
                       refers to title 13, part 
                       101, section 100.

                     ----------------------------

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                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
together to determine the latest version of any given rule.
    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
revision date (in this case, January 1, 1999), consult the ``List of CFR 
Sections Affected (LSA),'' which is issued monthly, and the ``Cumulative 
List of Parts Affected,'' which appears in the Reader Aids section of 
the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal 
Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

    Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal 
Register since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source 
citations for the regulations are referred to by volume number and page 
number of the Federal Register and date of publication. Publication 
dates and effective dates are usually not the same and care must be 
exercised by the user in determining the actual effective date. In 
instances where the effective date is beyond the cut-off date for the 
Code a note has been inserted to reflect the future effective date. In 
those instances where a regulation published in the Federal Register 
states a date certain for expiration, an appropriate note will be 
inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

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Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting 
requirements.

OBSOLETE PROVISIONS

    Provisions that become obsolete before the revision date stated on 
the cover of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text 
of provisions in effect on a given date in the past by using the 
appropriate numerical list of sections affected. For the period before 
January 1, 1986, consult either the List of CFR Sections Affected, 1949-
1963, 1964-1972, or 1973-1985, published in seven separate volumes. For 
the period beginning January 1, 1986, a ``List of CFR Sections 
Affected'' is published at the end of each CFR volume.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

    What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was 
established by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the 
requirement to publish regulations in the Federal Register by referring 
to materials already published elsewhere. For an incorporation to be 
valid, the Director of the Federal Register must approve it. The legal 
effect of incorporation by reference is that the material is treated as 
if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5 U.S.C. 552(a)). 
This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the force 
of law.
    What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the 
Federal Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when 
the requirements of 1 CFR part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which 
approval is based are:
    (a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of 
material published in the Federal Register.
    (b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent 
necessary to afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative 
process.
    (c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for 
publication in accordance with 1 CFR part 51.
    Properly approved incorporations by reference in this volume are 
listed in the Finding Aids at the end of this volume.
    What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If 
you have any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed in 
the Finding Aids of this volume as an approved incorporation by 
reference, please contact the agency that issued the regulation 
containing that incorporation. If, after contacting the agency, you find 
the material is not available, please notify the Director of the Federal 
Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC 
20408, or call (202) 523-4534.

CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES

    A subject index to the Code of Federal Regulations is contained in a 
separate volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR Index 
and Finding Aids. This volume contains the Parallel Table of Statutory 
Authorities and Agency Rules (Table I), and Acts Requiring Publication 
in the Federal Register (Table II). A list of CFR titles, chapters, and 
parts and an alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR are 
also included in this volume.
    An index to the text of ``Title 3--The President'' is carried within 
that volume.
    The Federal Register Index is issued monthly in cumulative form. 
This index is based on a consolidation of the ``Contents'' entries in 
the daily Federal Register.

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    A List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA) is published monthly, keyed to 
the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.

REPUBLICATION OF MATERIAL

    There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing 
in the Code of Federal Regulations.

INQUIRIES

    For a legal interpretation or explanation of any regulation in this 
volume, contact the issuing agency. The issuing agency's name appears at 
the top of odd-numbered pages.
    For inquiries concerning CFR reference assistance, call 202-523-5227 
or write to the Director, Office of the Federal Register, National 
Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408.

SALES

    The Government Printing Office (GPO) processes all sales and 
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ELECTRONIC SERVICES

    The full text of the Code of Federal Regulations, the LSA (List of 
CFR Sections Affected), The United States Government Manual, the Federal 
Register, Public Laws, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents and 
the Privacy Act Compilation are available in electronic format at 
www.access.gpo.gov/nara (``GPO Access''). For more information, contact 
Electronic Information Dissemination Services, U.S. Government Printing 
Office. Phone 202-512-1530, or 888-293-6498 (toll-free). E-mail, 
[email protected]
    The Office of the Federal Register also offers a free service on the 
National Archives and Records Administration's (NARA) World Wide Web 
site for public law numbers, Federal Register finding aids, and related 
information. Connect to NARA's web site at www.nara.gov/fedreg. The NARA 
site also contains links to GPO Access.

                              Raymond A. Mosley,
                                    Director,
                          Office of the Federal Register.

January 1, 1999.



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                               THIS TITLE

    Title 13--Business Credit and Assistance is composed of one volume. 
This volume contains chapter I--Small Business Administration and 
chapter III--Economic Development Administration, Department of 
Commerce. The contents of this volume represent all current regulations 
codified under this title of the CFR as of January 1, 1999.

    For this volume, Melanie L. Marcec was Chief Editor. The Code of 
Federal Regulations publication program is under the direction of 
Frances D. McDonald, assisted by Alomha S. Morris.

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[[Page 1]]



                      TITLE 13--BUSINESS CREDIT AND





                               ASSISTANCE




  --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Part

chapter i--Small Business Administration....................         101

chapter iii--Economic Development Administration, Department 
  of Commerce...............................................         301

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                CHAPTER I--SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION




  --------------------------------------------------------------------


  Editorial Note: The Small Business Administration has asked the 
Director of the Federal Register to inform users of this chapter that 
parts 143, 145, and 146 are common rule regulations that cannot be 
amended by the Small Business Administration unilaterally.
Part                                                                Page
101             Administration..............................           5
102             Record disclosure and privacy...............          10
103             Standards for conducting business with SBA..          21
105             Standards of conduct and employee 
                    restrictions and responsibilities.......          23
107             Small business investment companies.........          27
112             Nondiscrimination in federally assisted 
                    programs of SBA--effectuation of Title 
                    VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964......          94
113             Nondiscrimination in financial assistance 
                    programs of SBA--effectuation of 
                    policies of Federal Government and SBA 
                    Administrator...........................         100
114             Administrative claims under the Federal Tort 
                    Claims Act and representation and 
                    indemnification of SBA employees........         108
115             Surety bond guarantee.......................         112
117             Nondiscrimination in federally assisted 
                    programs of SBA--effectuation of the Age 
                    Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended..         128
120             Business loans..............................         138
121             Small business size regulations.............         195
123             Disaster loan program.......................         224
124             8(A) Business Development/Small 
                    Disadvantaged Business status 
                    determinations..........................         235
125             Government contracting programs.............         296
126             HUBZone program.............................         304
130             Small business development centers..........         318
134             Rules of procedure governing cases before 
                    the Office of Hearings and Appeals......         330
136             Enforcement of nondiscrimination on the 
                    basis of handicap in programs or 
                    actitities conducted by the Small 
                    Business Administration.................         347
140             Debt collection through offset..............         355
142             Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act regulations         357

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143             Uniform administrative requirements for 
                    grants and cooperative agreements to 
                    state and local governments.............         366
145             Governmentwide debarment and suspension 
                    (nonprocurement) and governmentwide 
                    requirements for drug-free workplace 
                    (grants)................................         393
146             New restrictions on lobbying................         412


Abbreviations Used in This Chapter:
    SBA=Small Business Administration.
    SBID=The Small Business Investment Division of SBA.
    RFC=Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

Cross Reference: For regulations of the Securities and Exchange 
  Commission, see 17 CFR, Chapter II.

[[Page 5]]



PART 101--ADMINISTRATION--Table of Contents




                           Subpart A--Overview

101.100  What is the purpose of SBA?
101.101  Who manages SBA?
101.102  Where is SBA's Headquarters located?
101.103  Where are SBA's field offices located?
101.104  What are the functions of SBA's field offices?
101.105  Who may use SBA's official seal and for what purposes?
101.106  Does Federal law apply to SBA programs and activities?
101.107  What SBA forms are approved for public use?
101.108  Has SBA waived any of the public participation exemptions of 
          the Administrative Procedure Act?
101.109  Do SBA regulations include the section headings?

                Subpart B--Employment of Private Counsel

101.200  When does SBA hire private counsel?
101.201  What are the minimum terms of private counsel's employment?

                      Subpart C--Inspector General

101.300  What is the Inspector General's authority to conduct audits, 
          investigations, and inspections?
101.301  Who should receive information or allegations of waste, fraud, 
          and abuse?
101.302  What is the scope of the Inspector General's authority?
101.303  How are Inspector General subpoenas served?

                Subpart D--Intergovernmental Partnership

101.400  What is the purpose of this subpart?
101.401  What programs and activities of SBA are subject to this 
          subpart?
101.402  What procedures apply to the selection of SBA programs and 
          activities?
101.403  What are the notice and comment procedures?
101.404  How does the Administrator receive comments?
101.405  How does the Administrator respond to comments?
101.406  What are the Administrator's responsibilities in interstate 
          situations?
101.407  May the Administrator waive these regulations?

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552 and App. 3, secs. 2, 4(a), 6(a), and 
9(a)(1)(T); 15 U.S.C. 633, 634, 687; 31 U.S.C. 6506; 44 U.S.C. 3512; 
E.O. 12372 (July 14, 1982), 47 FR 30959, 3 CFR, 1982 Comp., p. 197, as 
amended by E.O. 12416 (April 8, 1983), 48 FR 15887, 3 CFR, 1983 Comp., 
p. 186.

    Source: 61 FR 2394, Jan. 26, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



                           Subpart A--Overview



Sec. 101.100  What is the purpose of SBA?

    The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) aids, counsels, 
assists, and protects the interests of small business concerns, and 
advocates on their behalf within the Government. It also helps victims 
of disasters. It provides financial assistance, contractual assistance, 
and business development assistance. For a more detailed description of 
the functions of SBA see The United States Government Manual, a special 
publication of the Federal Register, which is available from 
Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954.



Sec. 101.101  Who manages SBA?

    (a) An Administrator, appointed by the President with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, manages SBA. The Administrator--
    (1) Is responsible to the President and Congress for exercising 
direction, authority, and control over SBA.
    (2) Determines and approves all policies covering SBA's programs to 
aid, counsel, assist, and protect the interests of the nation's small 
businesses.
    (3) Employs or appoints employees necessary to implement the Small 
Business Act, as amended, the Small Business Investment Act, as amended, 
and other laws and directives.
    (4) Delegates certain activities, by issuing regulations or 
otherwise, to Headquarters and field positions.
    (b) A Deputy Administrator, appointed by the President with the 
advice and consent of the Senate, serves as Acting Administrator during 
the absence or disability of the Administrator or in the event of a 
vacancy in the Office of the Administrator.



Sec. 101.102  Where is SBA's Headquarters located?

    The Headquarters of SBA is at 409 3rd Street, SW., Washington, DC 
20416.

[[Page 6]]



Sec. 101.103  Where are SBA's field offices located?

    A list of SBA's field offices with addresses, phone numbers and 
jurisdictions served is periodically published in the Federal Register. 
You can also obtain the address and phone number of an SBA office to 
serve you by calling 1-800-8-ASK-SBA or 1-800-827-5722.



Sec. 101.104  What are the functions of SBA's field offices?

    (a) Regional offices. Regional offices are managed by a Regional 
Administrator who is responsible to the Administrator and to the 
Associate Administrator for Field Operations. They are located in major 
cities and have geographical boundaries which cover multi-state areas. 
Regional offices exercise limited authority over field activities within 
their region.
    (b) District offices. District offices are managed by a District 
Director and are located in cities within a region. District offices are 
responsible to Headquarters, the Associate Administrator for Field 
Operations, and to a regional office. Within their delegated authority, 
district offices have authority for--
    (1) Conducting all program delivery activities within the district 
boundaries;
    (2) Supervising all branch offices located within the district 
boundaries; and
    (3) Providing subordinate branch offices with the technical 
capability necessary to execute assigned programs.
    (c) Branch offices. Branch offices are managed by a Branch Manager 
and are located in cities within a district. Branch offices are 
responsible to the district office within whose boundaries it is 
located. Branch offices execute one or more elements of the business or 
disaster loan programs and have limited authority for program execution.
    (d) Disaster area offices. Disaster area offices are managed by Area 
Directors and are located in cities within defined geographical areas. 
Disaster area offices are responsible to Headquarters and provide loan 
services to victims of declared disasters. Temporary disaster offices 
are often established in areas where disasters have occurred.
    (e) Responsibilities. Each field office has responsibilities within 
a defined geographical area as periodically set forth in the Federal 
Register.



Sec. 101.105  Who may use SBA's official seal and for what purposes?

    (a) The SBA's seal shall be in a manner and form set forth as 
follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC08SE91.003

    (b) The Administrator, Deputy Administrator, General Counsel, 
Assistant Administrator for Administration, Assistant Administrator for 
Hearings and Appeals, Associate Administrator for Minority Enterprise 
Development, Regional Administrators, District Directors, Branch 
Managers, the Inspector General, and Disaster Area Directors are 
authorized to--
    (1) Certify and authenticate originals and copies of any books, 
records, papers, or other documents on file within SBA, or extracts 
taken from them.
    (2) Certify the nonexistence of records.
    (3) Affix the Seal of SBA to all such certifications for those 
purposes authorized by 28 U.S.C. 1733.



Sec. 101.106  Does Federal law apply to SBA programs and activities?

    (a) SBA makes loans and provides other services that are authorized 
and executed under Federal programs to achieve national purposes.
    (b) The following are construed and enforced in accordance with 
Federal law--
    (1) Instruments evidencing loans;

[[Page 7]]

    (2) Security interests in real or personal property payable to or 
held by SBA or the Administrator such as promissory notes, bonds, 
guarantee agreements, mortgages, and deeds of trust;
    (3) Other evidences of debt or security;
    (4) Contracts or agreements to which SBA is a party, unless 
expressly provided otherwise.
    (c) To the extent feasible, SBA uses local or state procedures, 
especially for recordation and notification purposes, in implementing 
and facilitating SBA's loan programs. This use of local or state 
procedures is not a waiver by SBA of any Federal immunity from any local 
or state control, penalty, tax, or liability.
    (d) No person, corporation, or organization that applies for and 
receives any benefit or assistance from SBA, or that offers any 
assurance or security upon which SBA relies for the granting of such 
benefit or assistance, is entitled to claim or assert any local or state 
law to defeat the obligation incurred in obtaining or assuring such 
Federal benefit or assistance.



Sec. 101.107  What SBA forms are approved for public use?

    (a) SBA uses forms approved by the Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et 
seq.), as amended. You may obtain approved forms for use by the public 
when applying for or obtaining SBA assistance, or when providing 
services for SBA, from any field office (see Sec. 101.103). You may also 
use forms which you have prepared yourself, or have obtained from 
another source, if those forms are identical in every respect to the 
forms approved by OMB for the same purpose.
    (b) Any member of the public who has reason to believe any SBA 
office or agent is in violation of the Public Protection Clause of the 
Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3512 and see 5 CFR 1320.6) should 
notify SBA. Direct such comments to the Assistant Administrator for 
Administration at 409 3rd Street, SW., Washington, DC 20416.



Sec. 101.108  Has SBA waived any of the public participation exemptions of the Administrative Procedure Act?

    Yes. Despite these exemptions, SBA will follow the public 
participation requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 
553, in rulemakings relating to public property, loans, grants, 
benefits, or contracts.



Sec. 101.109  Do SBA regulations include the section headings?

    Yes. All SBA regulations must be interpreted as including the 
section headings.



                Subpart B--Employment of Private Counsel



Sec. 101.200  When does SBA hire private counsel?

    (a) Business loans. SBA may hire private counsel to represent it in 
regard to business loans when the volume of activity in an area is not 
sufficient to require a full-time SBA employee, or the area is too 
remote for economical use of a full-time SBA employee.
    (b) Disaster loans. SBA may hire private counsel in regard to 
disaster loans when the disaster presents an emergency and a volume of 
activity that cannot be promptly and economically serviced by available 
SBA employees.



Sec. 101.201  What are the minimum terms of private counsel's employment?

    (a) Private counsel must perform all requested work in compliance 
with SBA's regulations, policies, and instructions, and take such action 
as is legally required under the Small Business Act, the Small Business 
Investment Act, and other laws applicable to SBA.
    (b) Private counsel must adhere to the highest standards of 
professional conduct and maintain confidentiality appropriate to the 
attorney-client relationship.
    (c) Private counsel acts under the supervision of the SBA General 
Counsel (and designees).
    (d) Private counsel usually is compensated at an hourly rate as 
approved by SBA. Contingency fee agreements may be used if approved by 
the General Counsel.

[[Page 8]]

    (e) Either party may terminate the employment upon written notice.



                      Subpart C--Inspector General



Sec. 101.300  What is the Inspector General's authority to conduct audits, investigations, and inspections?

    The Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended (5 U.S.C. App. 3) 
authorizes SBA's Inspector General to provide policy direction for, and 
to conduct, supervise, and coordinate such audits, investigations, and 
inspections relating to the programs and operations of SBA as appears 
necessary or desirable.



Sec. 101.301  Who should receive information or allegations of waste, fraud, and abuse?

    The Office of Inspector General should receive all information or 
allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse regarding SBA programs and 
operations.



Sec. 101.302  What is the scope of the Inspector General's authority?

    To obtain the necessary information and evidence, the Inspector 
General (and designees) have the right to:
    (a) Have access to all records, reports, audits, reviews, documents, 
papers, recommendations, and other materials available to SBA and 
relating to SBA's programs and operations;
    (b) Require by subpoena the production of all information, 
documents, reports, answers, records, accounts, papers, and other data 
and documentary evidence;
    (c) Administer oaths and affirmations or take affidavits; and
    (d) Request information or assistance from any Federal, state, or 
local government agency or unit.



Sec. 101.303  How are Inspector General subpoenas served?

    (a) Service of subpoenas may be effected by any of the following 
means--
    (1) If by mail, a copy of the subpoena must be addressed to the 
person, partnership, corporation, or unincorporated association to be 
served at a residence or usual dwelling place, or a principal office or 
place of business, and mailed first class by registered or certified 
mail (postage prepaid, return receipt requested), or by a commercial or 
U.S. Postal Service overnight or express delivery service.
    (2) If by personal delivery, a copy of the subpoena must be 
delivered to the person to be served, or to a member of the partnership 
to be served, or to an executive officer or a director of the 
corporation or unincorporated association to be served, or to a person 
authorized by appointment or by law to receive process for the person or 
entity named in the subpoena.
    (3) If by delivery to an address, a copy of the subpoena must be 
left at the principal office or place of business of the person, 
partnership, corporation, or unincorporated association to be served, or 
at the residence or usual dwelling place of the person, member of the 
partnership, or officer or director of the corporation or unincorporated 
association to be served, with someone of suitable age and discretion.
    (b) Proof of service--
    (1) When service is by registered, certified, overnight, or express 
mail, it is complete upon delivery of the document by the Postal Service 
or commercial service.
    (2) The return Postal Service receipt for a document that was 
registered or certified and mailed, the signed receipt for a document 
delivered by an overnight or express delivery service, or the Return of 
Service completed by the individual serving the subpoena by personal 
delivery shall be proof of service.



                Subpart D--Intergovernmental Partnership



Sec. 101.400  What is the purpose of this subpart?

    (a) This subpart implements section 401 of the Intergovernmental 
Cooperation Act (31 U.S.C. 6506 et seq.) which promotes 
intergovernmental partnership and strengthens Federalism by relying on 
state processes and state, area-wide, regional, and local coordination 
for the review of proposed Federal financial assistance and direct 
Federal development.
    (b) While guiding SBA's management, this subpart does not create any 
right or benefit enforceable at law.

[[Page 9]]



Sec. 101.401  What programs and activities of SBA are subject to this subpart?

    SBA publishes in the Federal Register a list of programs and 
activities subject to this subpart.



Sec. 101.402  What procedures apply to the selection of SBA programs and activities?

    (a) A state may--
    (1) Select any program or activity published in the Federal Register 
under Sec. 101.401 for intergovernmental review (providing it consults 
with local elected officials before doing so) and then notify the 
Administrator of the programs and activities selected; and
    (2) Notify the Administrator of changes in its selections at any 
time. For each change, the state submits to the Administrator an 
assurance that it consulted with local elected officials regarding the 
change.
    (b) SBA may establish deadlines by which states must inform the 
Administrator of changes in their program selections.
    (c) After receiving notice of a state's selections, the 
Administrator uses a state's process as soon as feasible depending on 
individual programs and activities.
    (d) ``State'' means any of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, 
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the 
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.



Sec. 101.403  What are the notice and comment procedures?

    (a) The Administrator provides notice to directly affected state, 
area-wide, regional, and local entities in a state of proposed SBA 
financial assistance or direct SBA development if--
    (1) The state has not adopted a process under Executive Order 12372 
(3 CFR, 1982 Comp., p. 197), as amended by Executive Order 12416 (3 CFR, 
1983 Comp., p. 186); or
    (2) The assistance or development involves a program or activity not 
selected for the state process.
    (b) Notice may be made by publication in the Federal Register or 
other means as SBA deems appropriate.
    (c) Except in unusual circumstances the Administrator gives state 
processes or directly affected state, area-wide, regional, and local 
officials and entities at least 60 days to comment on proposed SBA 
financial assistance or direct SBA development.
    (d) In cases where SBA delegates the review, coordination, and 
communication authority under this subpart, this section also applies.



Sec. 101.404  How does the Administrator receive comments?

    (a) The Administrator follows the procedures of Sec. 101.405 if--
    (1) A state office or official is designated to act as a single 
point of contact between a state process and all Federal agencies; and
    (2) That office or official transmits a state process recommendation 
for a program selected under Sec. 101.402(a).
    (b)(1) The single point of contact is not obligated to transmit 
comments from state, area-wide, regional, or local officials and 
entities where there is no state process recommendation.
    (2) If a state process recommendation is transmitted by a single 
point of contact, all comments from state, area-wide, regional, and 
local officials and entities that differ from it must also be 
transmitted.
    (c) If a state has not established a process, or is unable to submit 
a state process recommendation, state, area-wide, regional, and local 
officials and entities may submit comments to SBA.
    (d) If a program or activity is not selected for a state process, 
state, area-wide, regional, and local officials and entities may submit 
comments to SBA. In addition, if a state process recommendation for a 
non-selected program or activity is transmitted to SBA by the single 
point of contact, the Administrator follows the procedures of 
Sec. 101.405.
    (e) The Administrator considers comments which do not constitute a 
state process recommendation submitted under this subpart and for which 
the Administrator is not required to apply the procedures of 
Sec. 101.405 when such comments are provided by a single point of 
contact directly to SBA by a commenting party.

[[Page 10]]



Sec. 101.405  How does the Administrator respond to comments?

    (a) If a state process provides a recommendation to SBA through its 
single point of contact, the Administrator:
    (1) Accepts the recommendation; or
    (2) Reaches a mutually agreeable solution with the state process; or
    (3) Provides the single point of contact with a written explanation 
of the decision in a form the Administrator deems appropriate. The 
Administrator may also supplement the written explanation by telephone 
or other means.
    (b) In any explanation under paragraph (a)(3) of this section, the 
Administrator informs the single point of contact that--
    (1) SBA will not implement its decision for at least 10 days after 
the single point of contact receives the explanation; or
    (2) Because of unusual circumstances the waiting period of at least 
10 days is not feasible.
    (c) For purposes of computing the waiting period under paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section, a single point of contact is presumed to have 
received written notification 5 days after the date of mailing.



Sec. 101.406  What are the Administrator's responsibilities in interstate situations?

    The Administrator is responsible for--
    (a) Identifying proposed SBA financial assistance and direct SBA 
development that have an impact on interstate areas;
    (b) Notifying appropriate officials and entities in states which 
have adopted a process and selected an SBA program or activity;
    (c) Making efforts to identify and notify the affected state, area-
wide, regional, and local officials and entities in states that have not 
adopted a process or selected an SBA program or activity;
    (d) Using the procedures of Sec. 101.405 if a recommendation of a 
designated area-wide agency is transmitted by a single point of contact 
in cases in which the review, coordination, and communication with SBA 
has been delegated; and
    (e) Using the procedures of Sec. 101.405 if a state process provides 
a state recommendation to SBA through a single point of contact.



Sec. 101.407  May the Administrator waive these regulations?

    The Administrator may waive any provision of Secs. 101.400 through 
and including 101.406 in an emergency.



PART 102--RECORD DISCLOSURE AND PRIVACY--Table of Contents




                  Subpart A--Disclosure of Information

Sec.
102.1  What does this subpart do?
102.2  How can I get records from SBA?
102.3  How long will it take for SBA to respond to my request for 
          records?
102.4  How will SBA respond to my request?
102.5  If SBA grants my request, which records will be supplied?
102.6  How will SBA respond to requests for business information?
102.7  What are the procedures for submitters of business information to 
          SBA after March 1, 1996?
102.8  What fees will SBA charge?
102.9  How may I appeal a denial of my request for information or a fee 
          determination?
102.10  How can I get the Public Index of SBA materials?
102.11  What happens if I ask SBA for a record that another Federal 
          agency generated?
102.12  What happens if I subpoena records or testimony of employees in 
          connection with a civil lawsuit, criminal proceeding or 
          administrative proceeding to which SBA is not a party?

                       Subpart B--The Privacy Act

102.20  What privacy rights does this subpart regulate?
102.21  How will SBA maintain records?
102.22  When will SBA disclose records?
102.23  Are there special rules about personnel and equal employment 
          opportunity files?
102.24  What is a record?
102.25  What is a system of records?
102.26  What does this subpart mean by ``person to whom a record 
          pertains'' or ``you''?
102.27  What records are partially exempt from the provisions of the 
          Privacy Act?
102.28  What about information compiled for a civil action?
102.29  Who administers SBA's responsibilities under the Privacy Act?

[[Page 11]]

102.30  How can I write to the Privacy Act Officer?
102.31  Who appoints Systems Managers?
102.32  What do Systems Managers do?
102.33  How can I write to a Systems Manager?
102.34  How can I see records kept on me?
102.35  How long will it take SBA to respond to my request?
102.36  How will SBA respond to my request?
102.37  How may I appeal a decision to deny me access to my records?
102.38  To whom should my appeal be addressed?
102.39  By when must I appeal to the Privacy Act Officer?
102.40  When will SBA respond to my appeal?
102.41  How will SBA respond to my appeal?
102.42  How can I get SBA to amend a record kept on me?
102.43  What should my petition say?
102.44  For what reasons will SBA amend my record?
102.45  Will SBA ask me for more information after I make my request?
102.46  When will SBA respond to my request?
102.47  How will SBA respond to my request?
102.48  How do I appeal a refusal to amend a record kept on me?
102.49  To whom should I address my appeal?
102.50  By when must I submit my appeal?
102.51  By what standards will the Privacy Act Officer review my appeal?
102.52  When will SBA respond to my appeal?
102.53  How will SBA respond to my appeal?
102.54  How can I obtain judicial review of an SBA Privacy Act decision?
102.55  What must SBA tell the individuals from whom it collects 
          information?
102.56  Will SBA release my name or address?
102.57  Do I have to give SBA my SSN?
102.58  When will SBA show personnel records to a representative?
102.59  What fees will SBA charge me for my records?
102.60  May I be informed of disclosures made of my record?
102.61  Are there Matching Program procedures?

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552 and 552a; 31 U.S.C. 1 et seq. and 67 et 
seq.; 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.; E.O. 12600, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 235.

    Source: 61 FR 2673, Jan. 29, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



                  Subpart A--Disclosure of Information



Sec. 102.1  What does this subpart do?

    This subpart describes the procedures by which the SBA makes 
documents available under the Freedom of Information Act (``FOIA'') (5 
U.S.C. 552).



Sec. 102.2  How can I get records from SBA?

    (a) You can go to the SBA office at which the records are kept, and 
photocopy any final SBA decision, policy statement, or standard 
operating procedure.
    (b) For copies of all other records, you must send a letter request 
to the SBA office at which the records are kept. The letter must 
describe specific records you want. If you don't know which SBA office 
keeps the records, you may send your letter to the nearest SBA District 
Office. You may also send your letter to the Chief, FOIA & PA Office, 
409 Third Street SW., Suite 5900, Washington DC 20416. The office 
receiving your letter will forward it to the correct office.



Sec. 102.3  How long will it take for SBA to respond to my request for records?

    (a) If you have met the fee requirements of Sec. 102.8, SBA will 
respond within 10 working days after the correct office receives your 
request, unless you have requested an especially large number of 
records, the records are not located in the office handling the request, 
or SBA needs to consult with another government office.
    (b) If you make your request on behalf of another person, SBA will 
respond within 10 working days after you present a document signed by 
that person authorizing you to request information on his or her behalf. 
If you make your request on behalf of another person without including 
such signed authorization, SBA will inform you of the authorization 
needed.
    (c) If you send your request to the wrong office, that office will 
send it to the correct office within 10 working days and will send you 
an acknowledgment letter.
    (d) If SBA determines that one of the circumstances described in 
paragraph (a) of this section apply, it will respond within 20 working 
days of the date upon which the correct office receives your request, 
and will notify you that the extra time is required.

[[Page 12]]



Sec. 102.4  How will SBA respond to my request?

    Within the time limit described in Sec. 102.3, SBA will either:
    (a) Give you all the records you requested;
    (b) Give you some or none of the records you requested, explain why 
SBA has decided not to comply fully with your request, citing specific 
exemptions where applicable, and explain how to appeal that decision; or
    (c) Tell you that you will not receive a response until you have 
either paid your fee or committed to the amount of fee you will pay, as 
applicable.



Sec. 102.5  If SBA grants my request, which records will be supplied?

    SBA will give you copies of all records or portions of records 
requested which are in the processing office as of the close of the day 
upon which that office received your request.



Sec. 102.6  How will SBA respond to requests for business information?

    (a) Business information is a trade secret, or commercial or 
financial information, contained in records provided to SBA by any 
person and which may be protected from disclosure under Exemption Four 
of FOIA (5 U.S.C. 552(b)(4)).
    (b) The submitter is the business entity to which the business 
information pertains and which submitted the information to SBA, either 
directly or through an intermediary, such as a bank.
    (c) SBA will disclose upon request business information that has 
previously been released to the general public.
    (d) If you request business information submitted to SBA prior to 
March 1, 1996 which has not previously been released to the general 
public, SBA will notify the submitter of your request upon SBA's receipt 
of it if SBA intends to release that information. SBA will give the 
submitter 5 working days to identify information the disclosure of which 
would likely cause substantial competitive harm and why that harm would 
occur unless SBA intends to deny your request in full.
    (e) If you request business information submitted to SBA after March 
1, 1996 which has not previously been released to the general public, 
SBA will notify the submitter if it intends to release business 
information which either the submitter has previously claimed or which 
SBA believes to be confidential and the disclosure of which would cause 
substantial competitive harm. The submitter will have 5 working days to 
object to the disclosure, explaining why the harm would occur.
    (f) Whenever a submitter objects to disclosure, SBA will consider 
the submitter's objections, but will not be bound by it. If SBA 
discloses information despite a submitter's objection, SBA will give the 
submitter the maximum notice possible before disclosure without 
violating the time constraints imposed by FOIA. In this notice, SBA will 
tell the submitter when and what it intends to disclose.
    (g) SBA will promptly notify the submitter of any suit filed against 
SBA to compel disclosure.



Sec. 102.7  What are the procedures for submitters of business information to SBA after March 1, 1996?

    Submitters may identify business information at the time of 
submission which would likely cause them substantial competitive harm if 
disclosed. The identification shall lapse after 10 years, unless renewed 
in writing.



Sec. 102.8  What fees will SBA charge?

    (a) Basic fees. (1) For manual record search. SBA will charge $18 
per hour.
    (2) For computer record searches. SBA will charge the actual costs.
    (3) For review and disclosure determinations. SBA will charge $18 
per hour.
    (4) Duplication. SBA will charge 10 cents per page for photocopy 
duplication, and the actual cost of reproduction for other methods.
    (5) Certifying records. SBA will charge actual costs.
    (6) For requested special types of delivery other than first-class 
mail. SBA may charge the actual cost.
    (b) If you are a representative of an educational institution, a 
non-commercial scientific institution, or a member of the news media. 
SBA will charge you only for the cost of duplication after the first 100 
pages.

[[Page 13]]

    (1) What is an educational institution? A state-certified preschool, 
elementary or secondary school, an accredited college or university, an 
accredited institution of professional education, or any accredited or 
state-certified institute of vocational education which operates a 
program or programs of scholarly research.
    (2) What is a non-commercial scientific institution? An organization 
which is operated solely for the purpose of conducting scientific 
research, the results of which are not intended to promote any 
particular product or industry.
    (3) What is a representative of an educational or non-commercial 
scientific institution? A requester seeking records on behalf of that 
institution who is authorized by that institution to do so, and who is 
seeking those records for scholarly or scientific reasons, as long as 
there is no commercial purpose to the request for records.
    (4) What is a representative of the news media? An individual who is 
actively gathering news for an entity that is organized and operated to 
disseminate information to the general public. To be considered ``news 
media'', this organization may provide information by subscription and 
may target its dissemination to a narrow section of the general public 
as long as any member of the general public may purchase information 
from it. If you are not employed by the news media, but have a 
reasonable expectation that you will sell the information you obtain to 
the news media, SBA may conclude that you are a representative of the 
news media. SBA will not consider you to be a representative of the news 
media if your request has a commercial purpose, beyond the commercial 
purpose of selling information to the general public.
    (c) Member of the general public. If you are a member of the general 
public, SBA will not charge you for the first two hours of search time, 
the first hundred pages of photocopy duplication, or for review and 
disclosure determinations. The general public is anyone who is not a 
representative of an educational institution, a representative of the 
news media, or a commercial requester.
    (d) Commercial requester. If you are a commercial requester you must 
pay all the basic fees set forth in paragraph (a) of this section. A 
commercial requester is anyone seeking information for commercial, 
trade, or profit interests of the requester or someone he or she is 
trying to help.
    (e) How does SBA determine what category of requester I am? The SBA 
office processing your request will determine the appropriate category. 
If you are not a commercial requester, you must show us what category of 
requester you are.
    (f) Tell us how much you are willing to pay. To get the quickest 
possible response, you must tell SBA how much money you are willing to 
pay in fees when you make your request for records.
    (g) If you don't tell us how much you are willing to pay and SBA 
estimates that the fee will exceed $25.00, SBA will estimate the fee and 
will not process your request until you tell SBA that you are willing to 
pay the estimated amount, or until you narrow the request so that the 
fee is less than $25.
    (h) SBA will waive fees less than $25.
    (i) If the fee is more than $250, or if you have a history of 
failing to pay FOIA fees in a timely manner, SBA will ask you to remit 
the estimated amount and any past due charges before sending you the 
records.
    (j) Who determines the fee? The SBA office which processes your 
request.
    (k) When do you pay the fee? SBA will bill you when it responds to 
your request. You must pay within thirty-one calendar days.
    (l) Failure to pay fees. (1) If you do not pay by the thirty-first 
day after the billing date, SBA will charge interest at the maximum rate 
allowed under Title 31 of the United States Code, section 3717.
    (2) If you do not pay the amount due within ninety calendar days of 
the due date, SBA may notify consumer credit reporting agencies of your 
delinquency.
    (3) If you owe fees for previous FOIA responses, SBA will not 
respond to further requests unless you satisfy the amount due.
    (m) Unsuccessful searches. If SBA's search for records is 
unsuccessful, it will still bill you for the search.
    (n) Multiple requests. If you make multiple requests at or about the 
same

[[Page 14]]

time, SBA will aggregate your requests for records. In no case will SBA 
give you more than the first two hours of search time, or more than the 
first 100 pages of duplication without charge.
    (o) Reduction of fees in the public interest. If SBA determines that 
disclosure of the information you seek is in the public interest because 
it is likely to contribute significantly to public understanding of the 
operations or activities of the government, and that you are not seeking 
the information in your own commercial interests, SBA may waive or 
reduce the fee.



Sec. 102.9  How may I appeal a denial of my request for information or a fee determination?

    (a) You must write to the Chief, FOIA & PA Office at 409 Third 
Street SW., Suite 5900, Washington, DC 20416.
    (b) The Chief must receive your written appeal within 45 calendar 
days of the date of the SBA determination from which you are appealing.
    (c)(1) If you are appealing a denial of your request for 
information, the appeal must contain the following information:
    (i) What records were denied.
    (ii) The name and title of the individual who denied the request and 
the address of his or her office.
    (iii) Any other information you deem appropriate.
    (2) If you are appealing a fee determination, the appeal must 
contain the following information:
    (i) The address of the office which made the fee determination from 
which you are appealing.
    (ii) The fee that office charged.
    (iii) The fee, if any, you believe should have been charged.
    (iv) The reasons you believe that your fee should be lower than the 
fee which the Agency charged.
    (v) Any other information you deem appropriate.
    (d) The Chief will decide your appeal, unless the Chief originally 
made the determination you are appealing. In that case, SBA's Assistant 
Administrator for Hearings and Appeals will decide your appeal.
    (e) SBA will decide your appeal within 20 working days from the date 
of its receipt. SBA may have an additional 10 working days if unusual 
circumstances require.
    (f)(1) If you are appealing a decision to deny your request for 
records, SBA will either:
    (i) Give you the records you requested; or
    (ii) Decline to give you the records you requested, tell you why SBA 
has concluded that the records were exempt from disclosure under FOIA, 
and tell you how to obtain judicial review of SBA's decision.
    (2) If you are appealing a fee determination, SBA will either charge 
the fee you request or charge another fee and explain why SBA has 
concluded that the fee it has decided to charge is appropriate.



Sec. 102.10  How can I get the Public Index of SBA materials?

    (a) The Public Index is a document which provides identifying 
information about official documents which SBA has issued.
    (b) SBA has administratively determined, as permitted by FOIA, that 
periodic publication and distribution is unnecessary and impracticable.
    (c) The Public Index is set forth in Appendix 3 of SBA Standard 
Operating Procedure 40 03. You can obtain the Public Index from any SBA 
office.



Sec. 102.11  What happens if I ask SBA for a record that another Federal agency generated?

    Such a request is a request directed to the wrong office, as that 
term is used in Sec. 102.3(c). SBA will forward your request to the 
generating agency.



Sec. 102.12  What happens if I subpoena records or testimony of employees in connection with a civil lawsuit, criminal proceeding or administrative proceeding 
          to which SBA is not a party?

    (a) The person to whom the subpoena is directed must consult with 
SBA counsel in the relevant SBA office, who will seek approval for 
compliance from the Associate General Counsel for Litigation. Except 
where the subpoena requires the testimony of an employee of the 
Inspector General's office, or records within the possession of the 
Inspector General, the Associate General

[[Page 15]]

Counsel may delegate the authorization for appropriate production of 
documents or testimony to local SBA counsel.
    (b) If SBA counsel approves compliance with the subpoena, SBA will 
comply.
    (c) If SBA counsel disapproves compliance with the subpoena, SBA 
will not comply, and will base such noncompliance on an appropriate 
legal basis such as privilege or a statute.
    (d) SBA counsel must provide a copy of any subpoena relating to a 
criminal matter to SBA's Inspector General prior to its return date.



                       Subpart B--The Privacy Act



Sec. 102.20  What privacy rights does this subpart regulate?

    This subpart establishes SBA's policy and procedures safeguarding an 
individual against an invasion of personal privacy.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided by law or regulation, SBA will 
permit you to do the following:
    (1) Determine what records pertaining to you are collected, 
maintained, used, or disseminated by SBA;
    (2) Object when records pertaining to you are obtained by SBA for a 
particular purpose and are proposed to be used or made available for 
another purpose without your consent; and
    (3) Gain access to information pertaining to you in records, have a 
copy made of all or any portion of those records, and correct or amend 
such records as appropriate.
    (b) SBA will collect, maintain, use, or disseminate any record of 
identifiable personal information in a manner that assures that such 
action is for a necessary and lawful purpose, that the information is 
current and accurate for its intended use, and that adequate safeguards 
are provided to prevent misuse of such information.
    (c) SBA will permit exemptions from the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 
552a (Privacy Act of 1974) (``PA'') only where an important public 
policy need for such exemption has been determined pursuant to or under 
specific statutory authority.



Sec. 102.21  How will SBA maintain records?

    SBA records will:
    (a) Contain only such information about an individual as is relevant 
and necessary to accomplish a purpose required of SBA by statute, 
regulation, or by Executive Order of the President.
    (b) Be comprised, to the maximum practical extent, of an 
individual's own statements when the information may result in an 
adverse determination about an individual's rights, benefits, or 
privileges under a Federal program.



Sec. 102.22  When will SBA disclose records?

    SBA will not disclose to anyone any record which is contained in a 
system of records, except that it will disclose a record:
    (a) To the person about whom the record is maintained, or to that 
person's agent, within the limits discussed in this subpart;
    (b) To those SBA employees who have a need for the record to perform 
their duties;
    (c) When required under 5 U.S.C. 552 (FOIA);
    (d) For a routine use of the record compatible with the purpose for 
which it was collected;
    (e) To the Bureau of the Census for purposes of planning or carrying 
out a census, survey, or related activity pursuant to Title 13, United 
States Code;
    (f) To a recipient who has provided the Agency with advance adequate 
written assurance that the record will be used solely as a statistical 
research or reporting record, where the record is transferred in a form 
that is not individually identifiable;
    (g) To the National Archives of the United States as a record which 
has sufficient historical or other value to warrant its continued 
preservation by the U.S. Government, or for evaluation by the 
Administrator of General Services or his or her designee to determine 
whether the record has such value;
    (h) To another agency or to an instrumentality of any governmental 
jurisdiction within or under the control of the United States for a 
civil or criminal law enforcement activity if:
    (1) The activity is authorized by law; and

[[Page 16]]

    (2) The head of the agency or instrumentality has made a written 
request to the PA Officer specifying the particular portion desired and 
the law enforcement activity for which the record is sought;
    (i) To a person showing compelling circumstances affecting the 
health or safety of an individual. Upon disclosure, SBA will notify such 
individual at his or her last known address;
    (j) To either House of Congress, or, to the extent of matters within 
its jurisdiction, any committee or subcommittee thereof, or any joint 
committee of Congress or subcommittee of any such joint committee;
    (k) To the Comptroller General, or any of his or her authorized 
representatives, in the course of the performance of the duties of the 
General Accounting Office;
    (l) Pursuant to the order of a court of competent jurisdiction; or
    (m) To a consumer reporting agency in accordance with 31 U.S.C. 
3711(f).



Sec. 102.23  Are there special rules about personnel and equal employment opportunity files?

    (a) The provisions of parts 293 and 297 of title 5 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations govern all SBA files which the Office of Personnel 
Management determines are personnel files.
    (b) The provisions of part 1611 of title 29 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations govern all Equal Employment Opportunity complaint files.



Sec. 102.24  What is a record?

    A record is information which SBA maintains on an individual and 
which includes either his name or an identifying symbol (such as a 
fingerprint, a social security number (``SSN''), or a photograph).



Sec. 102.25  What is a system of records?

    A system of records is one or more records which SBA routinely keeps 
for official purposes, and from which SBA can retrieve records by using 
a name or personal identifier.



Sec. 102.26  What does this subpart mean by ``person to whom a record pertains'' or ``you''?

    When this subpart refers to the ``person to whom a record pertains'' 
or uses the pronoun ``you'', it refers to a United States citizen or a 
lawfully admitted alien. It does not refer to a corporation, 
partnership, or sole proprietorship.



Sec. 102.27  What records are partially exempt from the provisions of the Privacy Act?

    (a) The following systems of records are exempt from certain 
provisions of the PA: Audit Reports (system of records #SBA 015), 
Litigation and Claims Files (#SBA 070), Personnel Security Files (#SBA 
100), Security and Investigations Files (#SBA 120), Office of Inspector 
General Referrals (#SBA 125), Investigations Division Management 
Information System (#SBA 130), and Standards of Conduct Files (#SBA 
140).
    (b) The provisions of the PA from which these systems of records are 
exempt are subsections (c)(3) (Accounting of Certain Disclosures), (d) 
(Access to Records), (e)(1), 4G, H, and I (Agency Requirements), and (f) 
(Agency Rules).
    (c) The systems of records described in paragraph (a) of this 
section are exempt from the provisions of the Privacy Act described in 
paragraph (b) of this section in order to:
    (1) Prevent the subject of investigations from frustrating the 
investigatory process;
    (2) Protect investigatory material compiled for law enforcement 
purposes;
    (3) Fulfill commitments made to protect the confidentiality of 
sources and to maintain access to necessary sources of information; or
    (4) Prevent interference with law enforcement proceedings.
    (d) In addition to the foregoing exemptions in paragraphs (a) 
through (c) of this section, the systems of records described in 
paragraph (a) of this section numbered SBA 015, 100, 120, 125 and 130 
are fully exempt from the Privacy Act to the extent that they contain:

[[Page 17]]

    (1) Information compiled to identify individual criminal offenders 
and alleged offenders and consisting only of identifying data and 
notations of arrests, confinement, release, and parole and probation 
status;
    (2) Information, including reports of informants and investigators, 
associated with an identifiable individual compiled to investigate 
criminal activity; or
    (3) Reports compiled at any stage of the process of enforcement of 
the criminal laws from arrest or indictment through release from 
supervision associated with an identifiable individual.
    (e) The systems of records described in paragraph (d) of this 
section are fully exempt from the PA to the extent described in that 
paragraph because they are records maintained by the Investigations 
Division of the Inspector General, which is a component of SBA which 
performs as its principal function activities pertaining to the 
enforcement of criminal laws within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 552a(j)(2). 
They are exempt in order to:
    (1) Prevent the subjects of Office of Inspector General (OIG) 
investigations from using the PA to frustrate the investigative process;
    (2) Protect the identity of Federal employees who furnish a 
complaint or information to the OIG, consistent with section 7(b) of the 
Inspector General Act of 1978, 5 U.S.C. App. I;
    (3) Protect the confidentiality of other sources of information;
    (4) Avoid endangering confidential sources and law enforcement 
personnel;
    (5) Prevent interference with law enforcement proceedings;
    (6) Assure access to sources of confidential information, including 
that contained in Federal, State, and local criminal law enforcement 
information systems;
    (7) Prevent the disclosure of investigative techniques; or
    (8) Prevent the disclosure of classified information.



Sec. 102.28  What about information compiled for a civil action?

    No individual shall have access to any information compiled by SBA 
in reasonable anticipation of a civil action or proceeding. In the event 
of a question as to disclosure, the Systems Manager for the system of 
records involved will rely on the opinion of the General Counsel or 
designee, and will also consult with the PA Officer.



Sec. 102.29  Who administers SBA's responsibilities under the Privacy Act?

    The PA Officer has overall responsibility for administering the PA 
for SBA. A Systems Manager is responsible for administering the PA as to 
systems of records within an SBA Office.



Sec. 102.30  How can I write to the Privacy Act Officer?

    You can write to the PA Officer at 409 Third Street SW., Suite 5900, 
Washington, DC 20416.



Sec. 102.31  Who appoints Systems Managers?

    The senior official in each field office and each Headquarters 
program area designates himself or herself or appoints another as the 
Systems Manager for that office.



Sec. 102.32  What do Systems Managers do?

    Systems Managers have the following responsibilities, among others, 
for the offices for which they are appointed:
    (a) Acting as the initial contact person for individuals seeking 
access to or amendment of their records.
    (b) Responding to requests for information.
    (c) Discussing the availability of records with individuals.
    (d) Amending records in cases where amended information is not 
controversial and does not involve policy decisionmaking.
    (e) Informing individuals of any reproduction fees to be charged.
    (f) Assuring that their systems of records contain no record 
describing how any individual exercises rights guaranteed by the First 
Amendment unless expressly authorized by statute or by the individual 
about whom the record is maintained, or unless pertinent to and within 
the scope of an authorized law enforcement activity.

[[Page 18]]



Sec. 102.33  How can I write to a Systems Manager?

    You can write to a Systems Manager by writing to the SBA Office 
which maintains the record you are seeking. If you do not know which 
office that is, or you do not know the address of that office, you can 
write to the PA Officer at 409 3rd Street SW., Suite 5900, Washington, 
DC 20416, who will forward your request to the proper Systems Manager.



Sec. 102.34  How can I see records kept on me?

    (a) You may look at any information pertaining to yourself contained 
in any SBA system of records unless some law or regulation prohibits it.
    (b) In order to see this information, you must ask for it in 
writing, identifying what records you want. The writing should be 
addressed to the Systems Manager overseeing the system of records 
containing the record you wish to see.
    (c) The Systems Manager (or, when appropriate, the PA Officer) may 
ask for more specific information about the system of records in which 
the document you are seeking is kept, and may ask you for 
identification. The Systems Manager may ask you for your social security 
number but you are not obliged to present it and your request will not 
be denied simply because you do not provide it. The Systems Manager may, 
however, deny your request if he or she cannot determine that you are 
the person to whom the information pertains.



Sec. 102.35  How long will it take SBA to respond to my request?

    The Systems Manager will respond within 10 working days.



Sec. 102.36  How will SBA respond to my request?

    The Systems Manager will inform you that:
    (a) Your request is denied, in which case he or she will set forth 
the reasons for denial and your rights to appeal; or
    (b) Your request is granted and you may view your record, in which 
case he or she will set forth the time and date for you to review your 
record in the presence of an SBA employee; or
    (c) Your request is granted and, unless you object, SBA will mail 
you a copy of your record. SBA will mail you your record only if it 
determines that there are no other reasonable means for you to obtain 
access to your record.



Sec. 102.37  How may I appeal a decision to deny me access to my records?

    Your appeal should be in writing and should set forth any 
information you think would show that you should have access to your 
records.



Sec. 102.38  To whom should my appeal be addressed?

    (a) Denial of a personnel file. Address an appeal of a denial of a 
request for a personnel file to the Office of Personnel Management, 1900 
E Street NW., Washington, DC 20006.
    (b) Denial of an Equal Employment Opportunity Complaint File. 
Address an appeal of a denial of a request for an Equal Employment 
Opportunity Complaint File to the Equal Employment Opportunity 
Commission, 1801 L Street NW., Washington, DC 20036.
    (c) All other appeals. Appeal the denial of any other record to the 
PA Officer. See Sec. 102.30.



Sec. 102.39  By when must I appeal to the Privacy Act Officer?

    Your appeal must reach the PA Officer on or before 30 calendar days 
after the date the denial was issued. If your appeal is based on the 
failure of the Systems Manager to answer your request, your appeal must 
reach the PA Officer on or before 90 calendar days after the date by 
which the Systems Manager should have responded under Sec. 102.35.



Sec. 102.40  When will SBA respond to my appeal?

    The PA Officer will respond to you within 30 working days of the 
date when your appeal was received.



Sec. 102.41  How will SBA respond to my appeal?

    The PA Officer will inform you that:
    (a) Your request is denied, in which case the reasons for denial 
will be set forth along with your rights to judicial review of SBA's 
decision; or

[[Page 19]]

    (b) Your request is granted and you may view your record, in which 
case the time and date for you to review your records in the presence of 
an SBA employee will be set forth; or
    (c) Your request is granted and, unless you object, SBA will mail 
you a copy of your record. SBA will mail you your record only if it 
determines that there are no other reasonable means for you to obtain 
access to your record.



Sec. 102.42  How can I get SBA to amend a record kept on me?

    You can petition to have records kept on you amended by writing to 
the Systems Manager who oversees the system of records in which the 
record you wish amended is kept. If you are unable to determine who that 
Systems Manager is, you may send your petition to the PA Officer, who 
will forward it to the right Systems Manager. See Sec. 102.30.



Sec. 102.43  What should my petition say?

    Your petition should include the following:
    (a) In what system of records the record you want amended is kept.
    (b) What record you want amended.
    (c) What specific information in that record you want amended.
    (d) Why you want the record amended.
    (e) Any information you have, including copies of evidence, which 
you think will persuade the Systems Manager to amend the record.
    (f) What the record should say.



Sec. 102.44  For what reasons will SBA amend my record?

    SBA seeks to maintain only accurate, complete, and up-to-date 
records which are relevant to accomplish some purpose required by law, 
regulation, or Executive Order of the President. There are four grounds 
for amending a record. They are:
    (a) The record is not accurate.
    (b) The record is not relevant to any legitimate SBA concern.
    (c) The record is out-of-date. For example, there may have been 
events since the date of the record which have affected some of the 
information contained in the record.
    (d) The record is incomplete. There may be additional information 
relevant to the material contained in the record.



Sec. 102.45  Will SBA ask me for more information after I make my request?

    Perhaps, in which case the procedures of Sec. 102.34(c) shall apply.



Sec. 102.46  When will SBA respond to my request?

    The Systems Manager will acknowledge receipt of your request within 
10 working days and issue a written response within 30 working days.



Sec. 102.47  How will SBA respond to my request?

    The Systems Manager will:
    (a) Make the amendment you request, and send all individuals who had 
previously received a copy of that record a copy of the amended record; 
or
    (b) Amend the record, in a different manner, sending all individuals 
who had previously received a copy of that record a copy of the amended 
record and, in addition, telling you why your request was not granted in 
full and what appeal rights you have; or
    (c) Decline to amend the record, explaining why your request was not 
granted and telling you of your appeal rights.



Sec. 102.48  How do I appeal a refusal to amend a record kept on me?

    Your appeal should be in writing and include the following:
    (a) All of the information contained in your original request to 
amend the record;
    (b) Any response of the Systems Manager, including any reasons for 
denying your request; and
    (c) Any information you wish to submit in response to the Systems 
Manager's findings.



Sec. 102.49  To whom should I address my appeal?

    (a) Personnel file. Address your appeal to the Office of Personnel 
Management, 1900 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20006.
    (b) Equal Employment Opportunity Complaint File. Address your appeal 
to the Equal Employment Opportunity

[[Page 20]]

Commission, 1801 L Street NW., Washington, DC 20036.
    (c) All other appeals. Address your appeal to the PA Officer. See 
Sec. 102.30.



Sec. 102.50  By when must I submit my appeal?

    Your appeal must be received by the PA Officer within 30 calendar 
days of the date the Systems Manager declined to amend your records, or 
within 90 calendar days of the date the Systems Manager should have 
responded under Sec. 102.46 if the Systems Manager did not so respond.



Sec. 102.51  By what standards will the Privacy Act Officer review my appeal?

    The PA Officer will decide your appeal using the criteria of 
accuracy, relevance, timeliness, and completeness described in 
Sec. 102.44. The PA Officer will review all relevant information and may 
seek the views of other SBA personnel. The PA Officer may review 
information not available to or not used by the Systems Manager.



Sec. 102.52  When will SBA respond to my appeal?

    The PA Officer will respond to your appeal within 30 working days of 
its receipt, unless the Administrator determines that unusual 
circumstances exist, in which case the PA Officer will notify you of the 
presence of these unusual circumstances within 30 working days of the 
date upon which he or she received your appeal, and will respond to your 
appeal within 60 working days of the date of receipt.



Sec. 102.53  How will SBA respond to my appeal?

    The PA Officer will:
    (a) Make the amendment you request, sending all individuals who had 
previously received a copy of that record a copy of the amended record; 
or
    (b) Amend the record in a different manner; or decline to amend it 
at all:
    (1) Sending all individuals who had previously received a copy of 
that record a copy of the amended record;
    (2) Telling you why your request was not granted in full and that 
you can seek judicial review; and
    (3) Marking the areas of dispute, including your statement of 
disagreement in the file, and, if appropriate, a concise statement of 
why SBA refused to amend the record as you requested, sending this 
material to all individuals who had previously received a copy of that 
record.



Sec. 102.54  How can I obtain judicial review of an SBA Privacy Act decision?

    You may bring a civil action against SBA in a United States district 
court if the SBA:
    (a) Makes a final determination not to provide you with access to or 
to amend your record in accordance with your request;
    (b) Fails to maintain your records with such accuracy, relevance, 
timeliness and completeness as is necessary to assure fairness in any 
determination relating to the qualifications, character, rights, 
opportunities of, or benefits to you that may be made on the basis of 
such records, and consequently a determination is made which harms you; 
or
    (c) Fails to comply with any other provisions of the PA (5 U.S.C. 
552a) or the implementing regulations in this subpart, in such a way as 
to cause harm to you.



Sec. 102.55  What must SBA tell the individuals from whom it collects information?

    When SBA collects information from an individual, it must, either on 
the form which collects the information or on a separate form which the 
individual may keep, state:
    (a) Whether disclosure of the information is voluntary or mandatory;
    (b) By what authority SBA is collecting the information;
    (c) For what principal purpose or purposes SBA is collecting the 
information;
    (d) What routine uses might be made of that information; and
    (e) What will happen if the information isn't supplied.



Sec. 102.56  Will SBA release my name or address?

    No, unless compelled to by law.

[[Page 21]]



Sec. 102.57  Do I have to give SBA my SSN?

    (a) No. You need not give SBA your SSN, even if SBA asks for it.
    (b) If SBA asks you for your SSN, it must tell you under what 
authority it seeks your SSN, and for what purpose.
    (c) SBA cannot withhold a benefit solely because you refuse to tell 
it your SSN.



Sec. 102.58  When will SBA show personnel records to a representative?

    (a) If you go to where the records are kept, SBA will permit one 
person of your choosing to inspect the records with you.
    (b) If you want your representative to inspect the records without 
you, you must give SBA a written authorization.
    (c) SBA will mail a copy of the record to your representative if you 
direct SBA to do so in writing.
    (d) You may inspect the records of a minor if you present evidence 
that you are the custodial parent (including joint custodial parent) or 
legal guardian of that minor. An affidavit or declaration, signed by you 
under penalty of perjury, is normally sufficient evidence unless SBA has 
information to the contrary.
    (e) You may inspect the records of an adult incompetent if you 
present evidence that you are the legal guardian of that person. A 
guardianship order is sufficient evidence of your guardianship. Other 
evidence may be considered.



Sec. 102.59  What fees will SBA charge me for my records?

    SBA will charge you only for photocopying at the rate of 10 cents 
per page. SBA will not charge you for finding or reviewing your records. 
Fees less than $25 will be waived.



Sec. 102.60  May I be informed of disclosures made of my records?

    SBA will tell you what disclosures it made of your records if you 
ask, except that SBA will not tell you about disclosures it made to 
another federal agency or government entity for law enforcement 
purposes.



Sec. 102.61  Are there Matching Program procedures?

    (a) SBA will comply with the Computer Matching and Privacy 
Protection Act of 1988 (5 U.S.C. 552a, 552a notes). This Act establishes 
procedures federal agencies must use if they want to match their 
computer lists.
    (b) If SBA adopts any procedures to supplement its compliance with 
the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988 which are not 
mandated in that Act, SBA will publish those procedures in Standard 
Operating Procedure (SOP) 40 04. You can get a copy of SOP 40 04 at any 
SBA Office.
    (c) If SBA enters into an agreement with any federal agency, 
contractor of any federal agency, state or local government, or agency 
of any state or local government to disclose records for purposes of a 
computer matching program, SBA will make a copy of that agreement 
available to the general public. You can get a copy of any such 
agreement by writing to the Privacy Act Officer.



PART 103--STANDARDS FOR CONDUCTING BUSINESS WITH SBA--Table of Contents




103.1  Key definitions.
103.2  Who may conduct business with SBA?
103.3  May SBA suspend or revoke an Agent's privilege?
103.4  What is ``good cause'' for suspension or revocation?
103.5  How does SBA regulate an Agent's fees and provision of service?

    Authority: Secs. 5, 13, 72 Stat. 385, 394 (15 U.S.C. 634, 642).

    Source: 61 FR 2681, Jan. 29, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 103.1  Key definitions.

    (a) Agent means an authorized representative, including an attorney, 
accountant, consultant, packager, lender service provider, or any other 
person representing an applicant or participant by conducting business 
with SBA.
    (b) The term conduct business with SBA means:
    (1) Preparing or submitting on behalf of an applicant an application 
for financial assistance of any kind, assistance from the Investment 
Division of SBA, or assistance in procurement and technical matters;

[[Page 22]]

    (2) Preparing or processing on behalf of a lender or a participant 
in any of SBA's programs an application for federal financial 
assistance;
    (3) Participating with or communicating in any way with officers or 
employees of SBA on an applicant's, participant's, or lender's behalf;
    (4) Acting as a lender service provider; and
    (5) Such other activity as SBA reasonably shall determine.
    (c) Applicant means any person, firm, concern, corporation, 
partnership, cooperative or other business enterprise applying for any 
type of assistance from SBA.
    (d) Lender Service Provider means an Agent who carries out lender 
functions in originating, disbursing, servicing, or liquidating a 
specific SBA business loan or loan portfolio for compensation from the 
lender. SBA determines whether or not one is a ``Lender Service 
Provider'' on a loan-by-loan basis.
    (e) Packager means an Agent who is employed and compensated by an 
Applicant or lender to prepare the Applicant's application for financial 
assistance from SBA. SBA determines whether or not one is a ``Packager'' 
on a loan-by-loan basis.
    (f) Referral Agent means a person or entity who identifies and 
refers an Applicant to a lender or a lender to an Applicant. The 
Referral Agent may be employed and compensated by either an Applicant or 
a lender.
    (g) Participant means a person or entity that is participating in 
any of the financial, investment, or business development programs 
authorized by the Small Business Act or Small Business Investment Act of 
1958.



Sec. 103.2  Who may conduct business with SBA?

    (a) If you are an Applicant, a Participant, a partner of an 
Applicant or Participant partnership, or serve as an officer of an 
Applicant, Participant corporation, or limited liability company, you 
may conduct business with SBA without a representative.
    (b) If you are an Agent, you may conduct business with SBA on behalf 
of an Applicant, Participant or lender, unless representation is 
otherwise prohibited by law or the regulations in this part or any other 
part in this chapter. For example, persons debarred under the SBA or 
Government-wide debarment regulations may not conduct business with SBA. 
SBA may request that any Agent supply written evidence of his or her 
authority to act on behalf of an Applicant, Participant, or lender as a 
condition of revealing any information about the Applicant's, 
Participant's, or lender's current or prior dealings with SBA.



Sec. 103.3  May SBA suspend or revoke an Agent's privilege?

    The Administrator of SBA or designee may, for good cause, suspend or 
revoke the privilege of any Agent to conduct business with SBA. Part 134 
of this chapter states the procedures for appealing the decision to 
suspend or revoke the privilege. The suspension or revocation remains in 
effect during the pendency of any administrative proceedings under part 
134 of this chapter.



Sec. 103.4  What is ``good cause'' for suspension or revocation?

    Any unlawful or unethical activity is good cause for suspension or 
revocation of the privilege to conduct business. This includes:
    (a) Attempting to influence any employee of SBA or a lender, by 
gifts, bribes or other unlawful or unethical activity, with respect to 
any matter involving SBA assistance.
    (b) Soliciting for the provision of services to an Applicant by 
another entity when there is an undisclosed business relationship 
between the two parties.
    (c) Violating ethical guidelines which govern the profession or 
business of the Agent or which are published at any time by SBA.
    (d) Implying or stating that the work to be performed for an 
Applicant will include use of political or other special influence with 
SBA. Examples include indicating that the entity is affiliated with or 
paid, endorsed or employed by SBA, advertising using the words Small 
Business Administration or SBA in a manner that implies SBA's 
endorsement or sponsorship, use of SBA's seal or symbol, and giving a 
``guaranty'' to an Applicant that the application will be approved.

[[Page 23]]

    (e) Charging or proposing to charge any fee that does not bear a 
necessary and reasonable relationship to the services actually rendered 
or expenses actually incurred in connection with a matter before SBA or 
which is materially inconsistent with the provisions of an applicable 
compensation agreement or Lender Service Provider agreement. A fee based 
solely on a percentage of a loan or guarantee amount can be reasonable, 
depending on the circumstances of a case and the services actually 
rendered.
    (f) Engaging in any conduct indicating a lack of business integrity 
or business honesty, including debarment, criminal conviction, or civil 
judgment within the last seven years for fraud, embezzlement, theft, 
forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, false 
statements, conspiracy, receiving stolen property, false claims, or 
obstruction of justice.
    (g) Acting as both a Lender Service Provider or Referral Agent and a 
Packager for an Applicant on the same SBA business loan and receiving 
compensation for such activity from both the Applicant and lender. A 
limited exception to this ``two master'' prohibition exists when an 
Agent acts as a Packager and is compensated by the Applicant for 
packaging services; also acts as a Referral Agent and is compensated by 
the lender for those activities; discloses the referral activities to 
the Applicant; and discloses the packaging activities to the lender.
    (h) Violating materially the terms of any compensation agreement or 
Lender Service Provider agreement provided for in Sec. 103.5.
    (i) Violating or assisting in the violation of any SBA regulations, 
policies, or procedures of which the Applicant has been made aware.



Sec. 103.5  How does SBA regulate an Agent's fees and provision of service?

    (a) Any Applicant, Agent, or Packager must execute and provide to 
SBA a compensation agreement, and any Lender Service Provider must 
execute and provide to SBA a Lender Service Provider agreement. Each 
agreement governs the compensation charged for services rendered or to 
be rendered to the Applicant or lender in any matter involving SBA 
assistance. SBA provides the form of compensation agreement and a 
suggested form of Lender Service Provider agreement to be used by 
Agents.
    (b) Compensation agreements must provide that in cases where SBA 
deems the compensation unreasonable, the Agent or Packager must: reduce 
the charge to an amount SBA deems reasonable, refund any sum in excess 
of the amount SBA deems reasonable to the Applicant, and refrain from 
charging or collecting, directly or indirectly, from the Applicant an 
amount in excess of the amount SBA deems reasonable.
    (c) Each Lender Service Provider must enter into a written agreement 
with each lender for whom it acts in that capacity. SBA will review all 
such agreements. Such agreements need not contain each and every 
provision found in the SBA's suggested form of agreement. However, each 
agreement must indicate that both parties agree not to engage in any 
sharing of secondary market premiums, that the services to be provided 
are accurately described, and that the agreement is otherwise consistent 
with SBA requirements. Subject to the prohibition on splitting premiums, 
lenders have reasonable discretion in setting compensation for Lender 
Service Providers. However, such compensation may not be directly 
charged to an Applicant or borrower.



PART 105--STANDARDS OF CONDUCT AND EMPLOYEE RESTRICTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES--Table of Contents




                          Standards of Conduct

Sec.
105.101  Cross-reference to employee ethical conduct standards and 
          financial disclosure regulations.

 Restrictions and Responsibilities Related to SBA Employees and Former 
                                Employees

105.201  Definitions.
105.202  Employment of former employee by person previously the 
          recipient of SBA Assistance.
105.203  SBA Assistance to person employing former SBA employee.
105.204  Assistance to SBA employees or members of their household.
105.205  Duty to report irregularities.

[[Page 24]]

105.206  Applicable rules and directions.
105.207  Politically motivated activities with respect to the Minority 
          Small Business Program.
105.208  Penalties.

           Restrictions on SBA Assistance to Other Individuals

105.301  Assistance to officers or employees of other Government 
          organizations.
105.302  Assistance to employees or members of quasi-Government 
          organizations.

                        Administrative Provisions

105.401  Standards of Conduct Committee.
105.402  Standards of Conduct Counselors.
105.403  Designated Agency Ethics Officials.

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 7301; 15 U.S.C. 634, 637(a)(18) and (a)(19), 
642, and 645(a).

    Source: 61 FR 2399, Jan. 26, 1996, unless otherwise noted.

                          Standards of Conduct



Sec. 105.101  Cross-reference to employee ethical conduct standards and financial disclosure regulations.

    In addition to this part, Small Business Administration (SBA) 
employees should refer to the Uniform Standards of Ethical Conduct for 
Executive Branch employees at 5 CFR part 2635, the SBA Supplemental 
Standards of Ethical Conduct at 5 CFR chapter XLIV, and the Uniform 
Financial Disclosure regulation for Executive Branch employees at 5 CFR 
part 2634.

 Restrictions and Responsibilities Related to SBA Employees and Former 
                                Employees



Sec. 105.201  Definitions.

    (a) Employee means an officer or employee of the SBA regardless of 
grade, status or place of employment, including employees on leave with 
pay or on leave without pay other than those on extended military leave. 
Unless stated otherwise. Employee shall include those within the 
category of Special Government Employee.
    (b) Special Government Employee means an officer or employee of SBA, 
who is retained, appointed or employed to perform temporary duties on a 
full-time or intermittent basis, with or without compensation, for not 
to exceed 130 days during any period of 365 consecutive days.
    (c) Person means an individual, a corporation, a company, an 
association, a firm, a partnership, a society, a joint stock company, or 
any other organization or institution.
    (d) Household member means spouse and minor children of an employee, 
all blood relations of the employee and any spouse who resides in the 
same place of abode with the employee.
    (e) SBA Assistance means financial, contractual, grant, managerial 
or other aid, including size determinations, section 8(a) participation, 
licensing, certification, and other eligibility determinations made by 
SBA. The term also includes an express decision to compromise or defer 
possible litigation or other adverse action.



Sec. 105.202  Employment of former employee by person previously the recipient of SBA Assistance.

    (a) No former employee, who occupied a position involving discretion 
over, or who exercised discretion with respect to, the granting or 
administration of SBA Assistance may occupy a position as employee, 
partner, agent, attorney or other representative of a concern which has 
received this SBA Assistance for a period of two years following the 
date of granting or administering such SBA Assistance if--
    (1) The date of granting or administering such SBA Assistance was 
within the period of the employee's term of employment; or
    (2) The date of granting or administering such SBA Assistance was 
within one year following the termination of such employment.
    (b) Failure of a recipient of SBA Assistance to comply with these 
provisions may result, in the discretion of SBA, in the requirement for 
immediate repayment of SBA financial Assistance, the immediate 
termination of other SBA Assistance involved or other appropriate 
action.



Sec. 105.203  SBA Assistance to person employing former SBA employee.

    (a) SBA will not provide SBA Assistance to any person who has, as an 
employee, owner, partner, attorney, agent, owner of stock, officer, 
director, creditor or debtor, any individual who, within one year prior 
to the request for

[[Page 25]]

such SBA Assistance was an SBA employee, without the prior approval of 
the SBA Standards of Conduct Counselor. The Standards of Conduct 
Counselor will refer matters of a controversial nature to the Standards 
of Conduct Committee for final decision; otherwise, his or her decision 
is final.
    (b) In reviewing requests for approval, the Standards of Conduct 
Counselor will consider:
    (1) The relationship of the former employee with the applicant 
concern;
    (2) The nature of the SBA Assistance requested;
    (3) The position held by the former employee with SBA and its 
relationship to the SBA Assistance requested; and
    (4) Whether an apparent conflict of interest might exist if the SBA 
Assistance were granted.



Sec. 105.204  Assistance to SBA employees or members of their household.

    Without the prior written approval of the Standards of Conduct 
Committee, no SBA Assistance, other than Disaster loans under 
subparagraphs (1) and (2) of section 7(b) of the Small Business Act, 
shall be furnished to a person when the sole proprietor, partner, 
officer, director or significant stockholder of the person is an SBA 
employee or a household member.



Sec. 105.205  Duty to report irregularities.

    Every employee shall immediately report to the SBA Inspector General 
any acts of malfeasance or misfeasance or other irregularities, either 
actual or suspected, arising in connection with the performance by SBA 
of any of its official functions.



Sec. 105.206  Applicable rules and directions.

    Every employee shall follow all agency rules, regulations, operating 
procedures, instructions and other proper directions in the performance 
of his official functions.



Sec. 105.207  Politically motivated activities with respect to the Minority Small Business Program.

    (a) Any employee who has authority to take, direct others to take, 
recommend, or approve any action with respect to any program or activity 
conducted pursuant to section 8(a) or section 7(j) of the Small Business 
Act, shall not, with respect to any such action, exercise or threaten to 
exercise such authority on the basis of the political activity or 
affiliation of any party. Employees shall expeditiously report to the 
SBA Inspector General any such action for which such employee's 
participation has been solicited or directed.
    (b) Any employee who willfully and knowingly violates this section 
shall be subject to disciplinary action, which may consist of separation 
from service, reduction in grade, suspension, or reprimand.
    (c) This section shall not apply to any action taken as a penalty or 
other enforcement of a violation of any law, rule, or regulation 
prohibiting or restricting political activity.
    (d) The prohibitions in and remedial measures provided for under 
this section with regard to such prohibitions, shall be in addition to, 
and not in lieu of, any other prohibitions, measures or liabilities that 
may arise under any other provision of law.



Sec. 105.208  Penalties.

    Any employee guilty of violating any of the provisions in this part 
may be disciplined, including removal or suspension from SBA employment.

           Restrictions on SBA Assistance to Other Individuals



Sec. 105.301  Assistance to officers or employees of other Government organizations.

    (a) SBA must receive a written statement of no objection by the 
pertinent Department or military service before it gives any SBA 
Assistance, other than Disaster loans under subparagraphs (1) and (2) of 
section 7(b) of the Small Business Act, to a person when its sole 
proprietor, partner, officer, director or stockholder with a 10 percent 
or more interest, or a household member, is an employee of another 
Government Department or Agency having a grade of at least GS-13 or its 
equivalent.
    (b) The Standards of Conduct Committee must approve an SBA contract

[[Page 26]]

with an entity if a sole proprietor, general partner, officer, director, 
or stockholder with a 10 or more percent interest (or a household member 
of such individuals) is an employee of a Government Department or 
Agency. See also 48 CFR part 35, subpart 3.6.
    (c) The Standards of Conduct Committee must approve SBA Assistance, 
other than disaster loans under subparagraphs (1) and (2) of section 
7(b) of the Small Business Act, to a person if its sole proprietor, 
general partner, officer, director or stockholder with a 10 percent or 
more interest (or a household member of such individual) is a member of 
Congress or an appointed official or employee of the legislative or 
judicial branch of the Government.



Sec. 105.302  Assistance to employees or members of quasi-Government organizations.

    (a) The Standards of Conduct Committee must approve SBA Assistance, 
other than Disaster loans under subparagraphs (1) and (2) of section 
7(b) of the Small Business Act, to a person if its sole proprietor, 
general partner, officer, director or stockholder with a 10 percent or 
more interest (or a household member) is a member or employee of a Small 
Business Advisory Council or is a SCORE volunteer.
    (b) In reviewing requests for approval, factors the Standards of 
Conduct Committee may consider include whether the granting of the SBA 
Assistance might result in or create the appearance of giving 
preferential treatment, the loss of complete independence or 
impartiality, or adversely affect the confidence of the public in the 
integrity of the Government.

                        Administrative Provisions



Sec. 105.401  Standards of Conduct Committee.

    (a) The Standards of Conduct Committee will:
    (1) Advise and give direction to SBA management officials concerning 
the administration of this part and any other rules, regulations or 
directives dealing with conflicts of interest and ethical standards of 
SBA employees; and
    (2) Make decisions on specific requests when its approval is 
required.
    (b) The Standards of Conduct Committee will consist of:
    (1) The General Counsel or, in his or her absence, the Deputy 
General Counsel or, in his or her absence, the Acting General Counsel 
who shall act as Chairman of the Committee;
    (2) The Associate Deputy Administrator for Management and 
Administration, or in his or her absence, the Assistant Administrator 
for Administration; and
    (3) The Director of Human Resources, or in his or her absence, the 
Deputy Director of Human Resources.



Sec. 105.402  Standards of Conduct Counselors.

    (a) The SBA Standards of Conduct Counselor is the Designated Agency 
Ethics Official, as appointed by the Administrator. Assistant Standards 
of Conduct Counselors may be designated by the Standards of Conduct 
Counselor.
    (b) The Standards of Conduct Counselors and Assistants:
    (1) Provide general advice, assistance and guidance to employees 
concerning this part and the regulations referred to in Sec. 105.101;
    (2) Monitor the Standards of Conduct Program within their assigned 
areas and provide required reports thereon;
    (3) Review Confidential Financial Disclosure Reports as required 
under 5 CFR part 2634, subpart I, and provide an annual report on 
compliance with filing requirements to the SBA Standards of Conduct 
Counselor as of February 1 of each year; and
    (4) Provide Outside Employment decisions pursuant to 5 CFR 5401.104.
    (c) Each employee will be periodically informed of the name, address 
and telephone number of the Assistant Standards of Conduct Counselor to 
contact for advice and assistance.
    (d) Employee requests for advice or rulings should be directed to 
the appropriate Standards of Conduct Counselor for appropriate action.

[61 FR 2399, Jan. 26, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 48477, Sept. 16, 1997]

[[Page 27]]



Sec. 105.403  Designated Agency Ethics Officials.

    The Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternates administer the 
program for Financial Disclosure Statements under 5 CFR 2634.201, 
receive and evaluate these statements, and provide advice and counsel 
regarding matters relating to the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 and 
its implementing regulations. The duties and responsibilities of the 
Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternates are set forth in more 
detail in 5 CFR 2638.203, which is promulgated and amended by the Office 
of Government Ethics.

[62 FR 2399, Jan. 26, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 48477, Sept. 16, 1997]



PART 107--SMALL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANIES--Table of Contents




                   Subpart A--Introduction to Part 107

Sec.
107.20  Legal basis and applicability of this part 107.
107.30  Amendments to Act and regulations.
107.40  How to read this part 107.

             Subpart B--Definition of Terms Used in Part 107

107.50  Definition of terms.

                Subpart C--Qualifying for an SBIC License

                           Organizing an SBIC

107.100  Organizing a Section 301(c) Licensee.
107.115  1940 Act and 1980 Act Companies.
107.120  Special rules for a Section 301(d) Licensee owned by another 
          Licensee.
107.130  Requirement for qualified management.
107.140  SBA approval of initial Management Expenses.
107.150  Management and ownership diversity requirement.
107.160  Special rules for Licensees formed as limited partnerships.

                          Capitalizing an SBIC

107.200  Adequate capital for Licensees.
107.210  Minimum capital requirements for Licensees.
107.230  Permitted sources of Private Capital for Licensees.
107.240  Limitations on including non-cash capital contributions in 
          Private Capital.
107.250  Exclusion of stock options issued by Licensee from Management 
          Expenses.

                      Applying for an SBIC License

107.300  License application form and fee.

  Subpart D--Changes in Ownership, Control, or Structure of Licensee; 
                           Transfer of License

               Changes in Control or Ownership of Licensee

107.400  Changes in ownership of 10 percent or more of Licensee but no 
          change of Control.
107.410  Changes in Control of Licensee (through change in ownership or 
          otherwise).
107.420  Prohibition on exercise of ownership or Control rights in 
          Licensee before SBA approval.
107.430  Notification to SBA of transactions that may change ownership 
          or Control.
107.440  Standards governing prior SBA approval for a proposed transfer 
          of Control.
107.450  Notification to SBA of pledge of Licensee's shares.

  Restrictions on Common Control or Ownership of Two or More Licensees

107.460  Restrictions on Common Control or ownership of two (or more) 
          Licensees.

                     Change in Structure of Licensee

107.470  SBA approval of merger, consolidation, or reorganization of 
          Licensee.

                           Transfer of License

107.475  Transfer of license.

            Subpart E--Managing the Operations of a Licensee

                          General Requirements

107.500  Lawful operations under the Act.
107.501  Identification as a Licensee.
107.502  Representations to the public.
107.503  Licensee's adoption of an approved Valuation Policy.
107.504  Computer capability requirements of Licensee.
107.505  Facsimile requirement.
107.506  Safeguarding Licensee's assets/Internal controls.
107.507  Violations based on false filings and nonperformance of 
          agreements with SBA.
107.508  Accessible office.
107.509  Employment of SBA officials.

                       Management and Compensation

107.510  SBA approval of Licensee's Investment Adviser/Manager.
107.520  Management Expenses of a Licensee.

[[Page 28]]

                      Cash Management by a Licensee

107.530  Restrictions on investments of idle funds by leveraged 
          Licensees.

               Borrowing by Licensees From Non-SBA Sources

107.550  Prior approval of secured third-party debt of leveraged 
          Licensees.
107.560  Subordination of SBA's creditor position.
107.570  Restrictions on third-party debt of issuers of Participating 
          Securities.

           Voluntary Decrease in Licensee's Regulatory Capital

107.585  Voluntary decrease in Licensee's Regulatory Capital.

           Requirement To Conduct Active Investment Operations

107.590  Licensee's requirement to maintain active operations.

 Subpart F--Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Examination Requirements for 
                                Licensees

                Recordkeeping Requirements for Licensees

107.600  General requirement for Licensee to maintain and preserve 
          records.
107.610  Required certifications for Loans and Investments.
107.620  Requirements to obtain information from Portfolio Concerns.

                  Reporting Requirements for Licensees

107.630  Requirement for Licensees to file financial statements with SBA 
          (Form 468).
107.640  Requirement to file Portfolio Financing Reports (SBA Form 
          1031).
107.650  Requirement to report portfolio valuations to SBA.
107.660  Other items required to be filed by Licensee with SBA.
107.670  Application for exemption from civil penalty for late filing of 
          reports.
107.680  Reporting changes in Licensee not subject to prior SBA 
          approval.

       Examinations of Licensees by SBA for Regulatory Compliance

107.690  Examinations.
107.691  Responsibilities of Licensee during examination.
107.692  Examination fees.

          Subpart G--Financing of Small Businesses by Licensees

   Determining the Eligibility of a Small Business for SBIC Financing

107.700  Compliance with size standards in part 121 of this chapter as a 
          condition of Assistance.
107.710  Requirement to Finance Smaller Enterprises.
107.720  Small Businesses that may be ineligible for Financing.
107.730  Financings which constitute conflicts of interest.
107.740  Portfolio diversification (``overline'' limitation).
107.750  Conditions for financing a change of ownership of a Small 
          Business.
107.760  How a change in size or activity of a Portfolio Concern affects 
          the Licensee and the Portfolio Concern.

Structuring Licensee's Financing of Eligible Small Businesses: Types of 
                                Financing

107.800  Financings in the form of Equity Securities.
107.810  Financings in the form of Loans.
107.815  Financings in the form of Debt Securities.
107.820  Financings in the form of guarantees.
107.825  Purchasing Securities from an underwriter or other third party.

 Structuring Licensee's Financing of an Eligible Small Business: Terms 
                       and Conditions of Financing

107.830  Minimum duration/term of financing.
107.835  Exceptions to minimum duration/term of Financing.
107.840  Maximum term of Financing.
107.845  Maximum rate of amortization on Loans and Debt Securities.
107.850  Restrictions on redemption of Equity Securities.
107.855  Interest rate ceiling and limitations on fees charged to Small 
          Businesses (``Cost of Money'').
107.860  Financing fees and expense reimbursements a Licensee may 
          receive from a Small Business.
107.865  Restrictions on Control of a Small Business by a Licensee.
107.880  Assets acquired in liquidation of Portfolio securities.

                  Limitations on Disposition of Assets

107.885  Disposition of assets to Licensee's Associates or to 
          competitors of Portfolio Concern.

                      Management Services and Fees

107.900  Management fees for services provided to a Small Business by 
          Licensee or its Associate.

      Subpart H--Non-leveraged Licensees-Exceptions to Regulations

107.1000  Licensees without Leverage--exceptions to the regulations.

[[Page 29]]

      Subpart I--SBA Financial Assistance for Licensees (Leverage)

              General Information About Obtaining Leverage

107.1100  Types of Leverage and application forms.
107.1120  General eligibility requirements for Leverage.
107.1130  Leverage fees and additional charges payable by Licensee.
107.1140  Licensee's acceptance of SBA remedies under Secs. 107.1800 
          through 107.1820.

       Maximum Amount of Leverage for Which a Licensee Is Eligible

107.1150  Maximum amount of Leverage for a Section 301(c) Licensee.
107.1160  Maximum amount of Leverage for a Section 301(d) Licensee.
107.1170  Maximum amount of Participating Securities for any Licensee.

    Conditional Commitments by SBA To Reserve Leverage for a Licensee

107.1200  SBA's Leverage commitment to a Licensee--application 
          procedure, amount, and term.
107.1210  Payment of leverage fee upon receipt of commitment.
107.1220  Requirement for Licensee to file quarterly financial 
          statements.
107.1230  Draw-downs by Licensee under SBA's Leverage commitment.
107.1240  Funding of Licensee's draw request through sale to short-term 
          investor.

         Preferred Securities Leverage--Section 301(d) Licensees

107.1400  Dividends or partnership distributions on 4 percent Preferred 
          Securities.
107.1410  Requirement to redeem 4 percent Preferred Securities.
107.1420  Articles requirements for 4 percent Preferred Securities.
107.1430  Redeeming 4 percent Preferred Securities with proceeds of non-
          subsidized Debentures.
107.1440  Three percent preferred stock issued before November 21, 1989.
107.1450  Optional redemption of Preferred Securities.

                    Participating Securities Leverage

107.1500  General description of Participating Securities.
107.1505  Liquidity requirements for Licensees issuing Participating 
          Securities.
107.1510  How a Licensee computes Earmarked Profit (Loss).
107.1520  How a Licensee computes and allocates Prioritized Payments to 
          SBA.
107.1530  How a Licensee computes SBA's Profit Participation.
107.1540  Distributions by Licensee--Prioritized Payments and 
          Adjustments.
107.1550  Distributions by Licensee--permitted ``tax Distributions'' to 
          private investors and SBA.
107.1560  Distributions by Licensee--required Distributions to private 
          investors and SBA.
107.1570  Distributions by Licensee--optional Distribution to private 
          investors and SBA.
107.1575  Distributions on other than Payment Dates.
107.1580  Special rules for In-Kind Distributions by Licensees.
107.1585  Exchange of Debentures for Participating Securities.
107.1590  Special rules for companies licensed on or before March 31, 
          1993.

 Funding Leverage by Use of SBA-Guaranteed Trust Certificates (``TCs'')

107.1600  SBA authority to issue and guarantee Trust Certificates.
107.1610  Effect of prepayment or early redemption of Leverage on a 
          Trust Certificate.
107.1620  Functions of agents, including Central Registration Agent, 
          Selling Agent and Fiscal Agent.
107.1630  SBA regulation of Brokers and Dealers and disclosure to 
          purchasers of Leverage or Trust Certificates.
107.1640  SBA access to records of the CRA, Brokers, Dealers and Pool or 
          Trust assemblers.

                              Miscellaneous

107.1700  Transfer by SBA of its interest in Licensee's Leverage 
          security.
107.1710  SBA authority to collect or compromise its claims.
107.1720  Characteristics of SBA's guarantee.

       Subpart J--Licensee's Noncompliance With Terms of Leverage

107.1800  Licensee's agreement to terms and conditions in Secs. 107.1810 
          and 107.1820.
107.1810  Events of default and SBA's remedies for Licensee's 
          noncompliance with terms of Debentures.
107.1820  Conditions affecting issuers of Preferred Securities and/or 
          Participating Securities.

              Computation of Licensee's Capital Impairment

107.1830  Licensee's Capital Impairment--definition and general 
          requirements.
107.1840  Computation of Licensee's Capital Impairment Percentage.
107.1850  Exceptions to Capital Impairment provisions for Licensees with 
          outstanding Participating Securities.

[[Page 30]]

               Subpart K--Ending Operations as a Licensee

107.1900  Surrender of license.

                        Subpart L--Miscellaneous

107.1910  Non-waiver of SBA's rights or terms of Leverage security.
107.1920  Licensee's application for exemption from a regulation in this 
          part 107.
107.1930  Effect of changes in this part 107 on transactions previously 
          consummated.

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 681 et seq., 683, 687(c), 687b, 687d, 687g and 
687m.

    Source: 61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



                   Subpart A--Introduction to Part 107



Sec. 107.20  Legal basis and applicability of this part 107.

    (a) The regulations in this part implement Title III of the Small 
Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended. All Licensees must comply 
with all applicable regulations, accounting guidelines and valuation 
guidelines for Licensees.
    (b) Provisions of this part which are not mandated by the Act shall 
not supersede existing State law. A party claiming that a conflict 
exists shall submit an opinion of independent counsel, citing 
authorities, for SBA's resolution of the issues involved.



Sec. 107.30  Amendments to Act and regulations.

    A Licensee shall be subject to all existing and future provisions of 
the Act and parts 107 and 112 of title 13 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations.



Sec. 107.40  How to read this part 107.

    (a) Center Headings. All references in this part to SBA forms, and 
instructions for their preparation, are to the current issue of such 
forms. Center headings are descriptive and are used for convenience 
only. They have no regulatory effect.
    (b) Capitalizing defined terms. Terms defined in Sec. 107.50 are 
capitalized in this part 107.
    (c) The pronoun ``you'' as used in this part 107 means a Licensee or 
license applicant, as appropriate, unless otherwise noted.



             Subpart B--Definition of Terms Used in Part 107



Sec. 107.50  Definition of terms.

    Accumulated Prioritized Payments has the meaning set forth in 
Sec. 107.1520.
    Act means the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended.
    Adjustments has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.1520.
    Affiliate or Affiliates has the meaning set forth in Sec. 121.103 of 
this chapter.
    Articles mean articles of incorporation or charter for a Corporate 
Licensee and the partnership agreement or certificate for a Partnership 
Licensee.
    Assistance or Assisted means Financing of or management services 
rendered to a Small Business by a Licensee pursuant to the Act and these 
regulations.
    Associate of a Licensee means any of the following:
    (1)(i) An officer, director, employee or agent of a Corporate 
Licensee;
    (ii) A Control Person, employee or agent of a Partnership Licensee;
    (iii) An Investment Adviser/Manager of any Licensee, including any 
Person who contracts with a Control Person of a Partnership Licensee to 
be the Investment Adviser/Manager of such Licensee; or
    (iv) Any Person regularly serving a Licensee on retainer in the 
capacity of attorney at law.
    (2) Any Person who owns or controls, or who has entered into an 
agreement to own or control, directly or indirectly, at least 10 percent 
of any class of stock of a Corporate Licensee or a limited partner's 
interest of at least 10 percent of the partnership capital of a 
Partnership Licensee. However, a limited partner in a Partnership 
Licensee is not considered an Associate if such Person is an entity 
Institutional Investor whose investment in the Partnership, including 
commitments, represents no more than 33 percent of the partnership 
capital of the Licensee and no more than five percent of such Person's 
net worth.
    (3) Any officer, director, partner (other than a limited partner), 
manager, agent, or employee of any Associate described in paragraph (1) 
or (2) of this definition.

[[Page 31]]

    (4) Any Person that directly or indirectly Controls, or is 
Controlled by, or is under Common Control with, a Licensee.
    (5) Any Person that directly or indirectly Controls, or is 
Controlled by, or is under Common Control with, any Person described in 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of this definition.
    (6) Any Close Relative of any Person described in paragraphs 
(1),(2), (4), and (5) of this definition.
    (7) Any Secondary Relative of any Person described in paragraphs 
(1), (2), (4), and (5) of this definition.
    (8) Any concern in which--
    (i) Any Person described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of this 
definition is an officer; or
    (ii) Any such Person(s) singly or collectively Control or own, 
directly or indirectly, an equity interest of at least 10 percent 
(excluding interests that such Person(s) own indirectly through 
ownership interests in the Licensee).
    (9) Any concern in which any Person(s) described in paragraph (7) of 
this definition singly or collectively own (including beneficial 
ownership) a majority equity interest, or otherwise have Control. As 
used in this paragraph (9), ``collectively'' means together with any 
Person(s) described in paragraphs (1) though (7) of this definition.
    (10) For the purposes of this definition, if any Associate 
relationship described in paragraphs (1) through (7) of this definition 
exists at any time within six months before or after the date that a 
Licensee provides Financing, then that Associate relationship is 
considered to exist on the date of the Financing.
    (11) If any Licensee has any ownership interest in another Licensee, 
the two Licensees are Associates of each other.
    Capital Impairment has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.1830(c).
    Central Registration Agent or CRA means one or more agents appointed 
by SBA for the purpose of issuing TCs and performing the functions 
enumerated in Sec. 107.1620 and performing similar functions for 
Debentures and Participating Securities funded outside the pooling 
process.
    Charge means an annual fee on Leverage issued on or after October 1, 
1996 (except for Leverage issued pursuant to a commitment made by SBA 
before October 1, 1996), which is payable to SBA by Licensees, subject 
to the terms and conditions set forth in Sec. 107.1130(d).
    Close Relative of an individual means:
    (1) A current or former spouse;
    (2) A father, mother, guardian, brother, sister, son, daughter; or
    (3) A father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, 
son-in-law, or daughter-in-law.
    Combined Capital means the sum of Regulatory Capital and outstanding 
Leverage.
    Commitment means a written agreement between a Licensee and an 
eligible Small Business that obligates the Licensee to provide Financing 
(except a guarantee) to that Small Business in a fixed or determinable 
sum, by a fixed or determinable future date. In this context the term 
``agreement'' means that there has been agreement on the principal 
economic terms of the Financing. The agreement may include reasonable 
conditions precedent to the Licensee's obligation to fund the 
commitment, but these conditions must be outside the Licensee's control.
    Common Control means a condition where two or more Persons, either 
through ownership, management, contract, or otherwise, are under the 
Control of one group or Person. Two or more Licensees are presumed to be 
under Common Control if they are Affiliates of each other by reason of 
common ownership or common officers, directors, or general partners; or 
if they are managed or their investments are significantly directed 
either by a common independent investment advisor or managerial 
contractor, or by two or more such advisors or contractors that are 
Affiliates of each other. This presumption may be rebutted by evidence 
satisfactory to SBA.
    Control means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to 
direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a 
Licensee or other concern, whether through the ownership of voting 
securities, by contract, or otherwise.
    Control Person means any Person that controls a Licensee, either 
directly or through an intervening entity. A Control Person includes:

[[Page 32]]

    (1) A general partner of a Partnership Licensee;
    (2) Any Person serving as the general partner, officer, director, or 
manager (in the case of a limited liability company) of any entity that 
controls a Licensee, either directly or through an intervening entity;
    (3) Any Person that--
    (i) Controls or owns, directly or through an intervening entity, at 
least 10 percent of a Partnership Licensee or any entity described in 
paragraphs (1) or (2) of this definition; and
    (ii) Participates in the investment decisions of the general partner 
of such Partnership Licensee;
    (4) Any Person that controls or owns, directly or through an 
intervening entity, at least 50 percent of a Partnership Licensee or any 
entity described in paragraphs (1) or (2) of this definition.
    Corporate Licensee. See definition of Licensee in this section.
    Cost of Money has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.855.
    Debenture Rate means the interest rate, as published from time to 
time in the Federal Register by SBA, for ten year debentures issued by 
Licensees and funded through public sales of certificates bearing SBA's 
guarantee. User or guarantee fees, if any, paid by a Licensee are not 
considered in determining the Debenture Rate.
    Debentures means debt obligations issued by Licensees pursuant to 
section 303(a) of the Act and held or guaranteed by SBA.
    Debt Securities has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.815.
    Disadvantaged Business means a Small Business that is at least 50 
percent owned, and controlled and managed, on a day to day basis, by a 
person or persons whose participation in the free enterprise system is 
hampered because of social or economic disadvantages.
    Distribution means any transfer of cash or non-cash assets to SBA, 
its agent or Trustee, or to partners in a Partnership Licensee, or to 
shareholders in a Corporate Licensee. Capitalization of Retained 
Earnings Available for Distribution constitutes a Distribution to the 
Licensee's non-SBA partners or shareholders.
    Earmarked Assets has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.1510(b). (See 
also Sec. 107.1590.)
    Earmarked Profit (Loss) has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.1510.
    Earned Prioritized Payments has the meaning set forth in 
Sec. 107.1520.
    Equity Capital Investments means investments in a Small Business in 
the form of common or preferred stock, limited partnership interests, 
options, warrants, or similar equity instruments, including subordinated 
debt with equity features if such debt provides only for interest 
payments contingent upon and limited to the extent of earnings. Equity 
Capital Investments must not require amortization. Equity Capital 
Investments may be guaranteed; however, neither Equity Capital 
Investments nor such guarantee may be collateralized or otherwise 
secured. Investments classified as Debt Securities (see Secs. 107.800 
and 107.815) are not precluded from qualifying as Equity Capital 
Investments.
    Equity Securities has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.800.
    Financing or Financed means outstanding financial assistance 
provided to a Small Business by a Licensee, whether through:
    (1) Loans;
    (2) Debt Securities;
    (3) Equity Securities;
    (4) Guarantees; or
    (5) Purchases of securities of a Small Business through or from an 
underwriter (see Sec. 107.825).
    Guaranty Agreement means the contract entered into by SBA which is a 
guarantee backed by the full faith and credit of the United States 
Government as to timely payment of principal and interest on Debentures 
or the Redemption Price of and Prioritized Payments on Participating 
Securities and SBA's rights in connection with such guarantee.
    Includible Non-Cash Gains means those non-cash gains (as reported on 
SBA Form 468) that are realized in the form of Publicly Traded and 
Marketable securities or investment grade debt instruments. For purposes 
of this definition, investment grade debt instruments means those 
instruments that are rated ``BBB'' or ``Baa'', or better, by Standard & 
Poor's Corporation

[[Page 33]]

or Moody's Investors Service, respectively. Non-rated debt may be 
considered to be investment grade if Licensee obtains a written opinion 
from an investment banking firm acceptable to SBA stating that the non-
rated debt instrument is equivalent in risk to the issuer's investment 
grade debt.
    Institutional Investor means:
    (1) Entities. Any of the following entities if the entity has a net 
worth (exclusive of unfunded commitments from investors) of at least $1 
million, or such higher amount as is specified in paragraph (1) of this 
definition. (See also Sec. 107.230(b)(4) for limitations on the amount 
of an Institutional Investor's commitment that may be included in 
Private Capital.)
    (i) A State or National bank, trust company, savings bank, or 
savings and loan association.
    (ii) An insurance company.
    (iii) A 1940 Act Investment Company or Business Development Company 
(each as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (15 
U.S.C. 8a-1 et seq.).
    (iv) A holding company of any entity described in paragraph (1)(i), 
(ii) or (iii) of this definition.
    (v) An employee benefit or pension plan established for the benefit 
of employees of the Federal government, any State or political 
subdivision of a State, or any agency or instrumentality of such 
government unit.
    (vi) An employee benefit or pension plan (as defined in the Employee 
Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (Pub. L. 93-406, 88 
Stat. 829), excluding plans established under section 401(k) of the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 401(k)), as amended).
    (vii) A trust, foundation or endowment exempt from Federal income 
taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
    (viii) A corporation, partnership or other entity with a net worth 
(exclusive of unfunded commitments from investors) of more than $10 
million.
    (ix) A State, a political subdivision of a State, or an agency or 
instrumentality of a State or its political subdivision.
    (x) An entity whose primary purpose is to manage and invest non-
Federal funds on behalf of at least three Institutional Investors 
described in paragraphs (1)(i) through (1)(ix) of this definition, each 
of whom must have at least a 10 percent ownership interest in the 
entity.
    (xi) Any other entity that SBA determines to be an Institutional 
Investor.
    (2) Individuals. (i) Any of the following individuals if he/she is 
also a permanent resident of the United States:
    (A) An individual who is an Accredited Investor (as defined in the 
Securities Act of 1933, as amended (15 U.S.C. 77a-77aa)) and whose 
commitment to the Licensee is backed by a letter of credit from a State 
or National bank acceptable to SBA.
    (B) An individual whose personal net worth is at least $2 million 
and at least ten times the amount of his or her commitment to the 
Licensee. The individual's personal net worth must not include the value 
of any equity in his or her most valuable residence.
    (C) An individual whose personal net worth (determined in accordance 
with paragraph (2)(i)(B) of this definition) is at least $10 million.
    (ii) Any individual who is not a permanent resident of the United 
States but who otherwise satisfies paragraph (2)(i) of this definition 
provided such individual has irrevocably appointed an agent within the 
United States for the service of process.
    Investment Adviser/Manager means any Person who furnishes advice or 
assistance with respect to operations of a Licensee under a written 
contract executed in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 107.510.
    Lending Institution means a concern that is operating under 
regulations of a state or Federal licensing, supervising, or examining 
body, or whose shares are publicly traded and listed on a recognized 
stock exchange or NASDAQ and which has assets in excess of $500 million; 
and which, in either case, holds itself out to the public as engaged in 
the making of commercial and industrial loans and whose lending 
operations are not for the purpose of financing its own or an 
Associates's sales or business operations.
    Leverage means financial assistance provided to a Licensee by SBA, 
either through the purchase or guaranty of a

[[Page 34]]

Licensee's Debentures or Participating Securities, or the purchase of a 
Licensee's Preferred Securities, and any other SBA financial assistance 
evidenced by a security of the Licensee.
    Leverageable Capital means Regulatory Capital, excluding unfunded 
commitments and Qualified Non-private Funds whose source is Federal 
funds.
    Licensee means either a corporation (Corporate Licensee), or a 
limited partnership organized pursuant to Sec. 107.160 (Partnership 
Licensee), to which a license has been granted pursuant to the Act. For 
certain purposes, the Entity General Partner of a Partnership Licensee 
is treated as if it were a Licensee (see Sec. 107.160(b)(2)).
    Loan has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.810.
    Loans and Investments means Portfolio Securities, Assets Acquired in 
Liquidation of Portfolio Securities, Operating Concerns Acquired, and 
Notes and Other Securities Received, as set forth in the Statement of 
Financial Position of SBA Form 468.
    Management Expenses has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.520.
    1940 Act Company means a Licensee which is registered under the 
Investment Company Act of 1940.
    1980 Act Company means a Licensee which is registered under the 
Small Business Investment Incentive Act of 1980.
    Original Issue Price means the price paid by the purchaser for 
securities at the time of issuance.
    Participating Securities means preferred stock, preferred limited 
partnership interests, or similar instruments issued by Licensees, 
including debentures having interest payable only to the extent of 
earnings, all of which are subject to the terms set forth in 
Secs. 107.1500 through 107.1590 and section 303(g) of the Act.
    Partnership Licensee. See definition of Licensee in this section.
    Payment Date means, for a Participating Securities issuer, each 
February 1, May 1, August 1, and November 1 during the term of a 
Participating Security.
    Person means a natural person or legal entity.
    Pool means an aggregation of SBA guaranteed Debentures or SBA 
guaranteed Participating Securities approved by SBA.
    Portfolio means the securities representing a Licensee's total 
outstanding Financing of Small Businesses. It does not include idle 
funds or assets acquired in liquidation of Portfolio securities.
    Portfolio Concern means a Small Business Assisted by a Licensee.
    Preferred Securities means nonvoting preferred stock or nonvoting 
limited partnership interests issued to SBA prior to October 1, 1996, by 
a Section 301(d) Licensee. Such securities were issued at par value in 
the case of preferred stock, or at face value in the case of preferred 
limited partnership interests.
    Prioritized Payments has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.1520.
    Private Capital has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.230.
    Profit Participation has the meaning set forth in 
Sec. 107.1500(c)(3).
    Publicly Traded and Marketable means securities that are salable 
without restriction or that are salable within 12 months pursuant to 
Rule 144 (17 CFR 230.144) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, by 
the holder thereof (or in the case of an In-kind Distribution by the 
distributee thereof), and are of a class which is traded on a regulated 
stock exchange, or is listed in the Automated Quotation System of the 
National Association of Securities Dealers (NASDAQ), or has, at a 
minimum, at least two market makers as defined in the relevant sections 
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (15 U.S.C. 77b et 
seq.), and in all cases the quantity of which can be sold over a 
reasonable period of time without having an adverse impact upon the 
price of the stock.
    Qualified Non-private Funds has the meaning set forth in 
Sec. 107.230.
    Redemption Price means the amount required to be paid by the issuer, 
or successor to the issuer, of Preferred or Participating Securities to 
repurchase such securities from the holder. The Redemption Price shall 
be the Original Issue Price less any prepayments or prior redemptions.
    Regulatory Capital means:

[[Page 35]]

    (1) General. Regulatory Capital means Private Capital, excluding 
non-cash assets contributed to a Licensee or a license applicant, and 
non-cash assets purchased by a license applicant, unless such assets 
have been converted to cash or have been approved by SBA for inclusion 
in Regulatory Capital. For purposes of this definition, sales of 
contributed non-cash assets with recourse or borrowing against such 
assets shall not constitute a conversion to cash.
    (2) Exclusion of questionable commitments. An investor's commitment 
to a Licensee is excluded from Regulatory Capital if SBA determines that 
the collectibility of the commitment is questionable.
    Retained Earnings Available for Distribution means Undistributed Net 
Realized Earnings less any Unrealized Depreciation on Loans and 
Investments (as reported on SBA Form 468), and represents the amount 
that a Licensee may distribute to investors (including SBA) as a profit 
Distribution, or transfer to Private Capital.
    SBA means the Small Business Administration, 409 Third Street, SW., 
Washington, DC 20416.
    Secondary Relative of an individual means:
    (1) A grandparent, grandchild, or any other ancestor or lineal 
descendent who is not a Close Relative;
    (2) An uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, or first cousin; or
    (3) A spouse of any person described in paragraph (1) or (2) of this 
definition.
    Section 301(c) Licensee has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.100.
    Section 301(d) Licensee means a company licensed prior to October 1, 
1996 under section 301(d) of the Act as in effect on the date of 
licensing, that may provide Assistance only to Disadvantaged Businesses. 
A Section 301(d) Licensee may be organized as a for-profit corporation, 
as a non-profit corporation, or as a limited partnership.
    Short-term Financing means Financing for a term of less than five 
years in accordance with the regulations.
    SIC Manual means the latest issue of the Standard Industrial 
Classification Manual, prepared by the Office of Management and Budget, 
and available from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent 
of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pa., 15250-7954.
    Small Business means a small business concern as defined in section 
103(5) of the Act (including its Affiliates), which for purposes of size 
eligibility, meets the applicable criteria set forth in part 121 of this 
chapter.
    Smaller Enterprise has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.710.
    Start-up Financing means an Equity Capital Investment in a Small 
Business that--
    (1) Has not had sales exceeding $3,000,000 or positive cash flow 
from operations in any of its last three full fiscal years; and
    (2) Was not formed to acquire any existing business, unless the 
acquired business satisfies paragraphs (1) and (2) of this definition.
    Temporary Debt has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.570.
    Trust means the legal entity created for the purpose of holding 
guaranteed Debentures or Participating Securities and the guaranty 
agreement related thereto, receiving, holding and making any related 
payments, and accounting for such payments.
    Trust Certificate Rate means a fixed rate determined by the 
Secretary of the Treasury at the time Participating Securities or 
Debentures are pooled, taking into consideration the current average 
market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States 
with maturities comparable to the maturities of the Trust Certificates 
being guaranteed by SBA, adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of one 
percent.
    Trust Certificates (TCs) means certificates issued by SBA, its agent 
or Trustee and representing ownership of all or a fractional part of a 
Trust or Pool of Debentures or Participating Securities.
    Trustee means the trustee or trustees of a Trust.
    Undistributed Net Realized Earnings means Undistributed Realized 
Earnings less Non-cash Gains/Income, each as reported on SBA Form 468.
    Unrealized Appreciation means the amount by which a Licensee's 
valuation of each of its Loans and Investments, as determined by its 
Board of

[[Page 36]]

Directors or General Partner(s) in accordance with Licensee's valuation 
policies, exceeds the cost basis thereof.
    Unrealized Depreciation means the amount by which a Licensee's 
valuation of each of its Loans and Investments, as determined by its 
Board of Directors or General Partner(s) in accordance with Licensee's 
valuation policies, is below the cost basis thereof.
    Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Securities Held means the sum of the 
Unrealized Appreciation and Unrealized Depreciation on all of a 
Licensee's Loans and Investments, less estimated future income tax 
expense or estimated realizable future income tax benefit, as 
appropriate.
    Venture Capital Financing has the meaning set forth in 
Sec. 107.1160.
    Wind-up Plan has the meaning set forth in Sec. 107.590.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 41496, Aug. 9, 1996, as amended at 62 
FR 11759, Mar. 13, 1997; 63 FR 5865, Feb. 5, 1998]



                Subpart C--Qualifying for an SBIC License

                           Organizing an SBIC



Sec. 107.100  Organizing a Section 301(c) Licensee.

    Section 301(c) Licensee means a company licensed under section 
301(c) of the Act. It may be organized as a for-profit corporation or as 
a limited partnership created in accordance with the special rules of 
Sec. 107.160.



Sec. 107.115  1940 Act and 1980 Act Companies.

    A 1940 Act or 1980 Act Company is eligible to apply for an SBIC 
license, and an existing Licensee is eligible to apply for SBA's 
approval to convert to a 1940 Act or 1980 Act Company. In either case, 
the 1940 Act or 1980 Act Company may elect to be taxed as a regulated 
investment company under section 851 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
1986, as amended (26 U.S.C. 851). However, a Licensee making such 
election may make Distributions only as permitted under the applicable 
sections of this part (see the definition of Retained Earnings Available 
for Distribution, Sec. 107.585, and Secs. 107.1540 through 107.1580).



Sec. 107.120  Special rules for a Section 301(d) Licensee owned by another Licensee.

    With SBA's prior written approval, a Section 301(d) Licensee may 
operate as the subsidiary of one or more Licensees (participant 
Licensees), subject to the following:
    (a) Each participant Licensee must own at least 20 percent of the 
voting securities of the Section 301(d) Licensee.
    (b) A participant Licensee must treat its entire capital 
contribution to the subsidiary as a reduction of its Leverageable 
Capital. The participant Licensee's remaining Leverageable Capital must 
be sufficient to support its outstanding Leverage.
    (c) A participant Licensee may not transfer its Leverage to a 
subsidiary Section 301(d) Licensee.

[63 FR 5865, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.130  Requirement for qualified management.

    When applying for a license, you must show, to the satisfaction of 
SBA, that your current or proposed management is qualified and has the 
knowledge, experience, and capability necessary for investing in the 
types of businesses contemplated by the Act, these regulations and your 
business plan. You must designate at least one individual as the 
official responsible for contact with SBA.



Sec. 107.140  SBA approval of initial Management Expenses.

    If you plan to obtain Leverage, you must have your Management 
Expenses approved by SBA at the time of licensing. (See Sec. 107.520 for 
the definition of Management Expenses.)



Sec. 107.150  Management and ownership diversity requirement.

    You must have diversity between management and ownership in order to 
be licensed, unless you do not plan to obtain Leverage. To establish 
diversity, you must meet the requirements in paragraphs (a) and (b) of 
this section unless SBA approves otherwise.
    (a) Requirement one. You must satisfy either paragraph (a)(1) or 
paragraph (a)(2) of this section.

[[Page 37]]

    (1) At least 30 percent of your Regulatory Capital and Leverageable 
Capital must be owned by Persons unrelated to management. To satisfy 
this requirement, such Persons must not be your Associates (except for 
their status as your shareholders or limited partners) and must not 
Control, be Controlled by, or be under Common Control with any of your 
Associates. You must have as investors at least three such Persons who 
are not Affiliates of one another and whose investments are significant 
in both dollar and percentage terms, as determined by SBA. As an 
alternative, you may substitute one investor who is an acceptable 
Institutional Investor for the three investors who are otherwise 
required. For purposes of this paragraph (a)(1), the following 
Institutional Investors are acceptable:
    (i) Entities regulated by state or Federal authorities satisfactory 
to SBA;
    (ii) Public or private employee pension funds;
    (iii) Trusts, foundations, or endowments which are exempt from 
Federal income taxation; or
    (iv) Other Institutional Investors satisfactory to SBA.
    (2) Your common stock or limited partnership interests are publicly 
traded.
    (b) Requirement two. Your shareholders or limited partners may not 
delegate their voting rights to any other Person without prior SBA 
approval. This restriction does not apply to:
    (1) Publicly traded Licensees.
    (2) Proxies given to vote at single specified meetings.
    (3) Delegations of voting rights by your investors to their 
investment advisors, provided such advisors are not your Associates 
(except for their status as your shareholder or partner).
    (c) Diversity based on Licensee's parent company. If you do not have 
diversity as defined in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, SBA in 
its sole discretion may accept diversity achieved on the same basis 
through your parent company as a substitute. As used in this paragraph 
(c), ``parent company'' means an entity that directly or indirectly has 
an interest of more than 50 percent of your Regulatory Capital.
    (d) Requirement to maintain diversity after licensing. If you were 
required to have diversity between management and ownership at the time 
you were licensed, you must maintain such diversity while you have 
outstanding Leverage or Earmarked Assets, unless SBA approves otherwise. 
If, at any time, you no longer satisfy the diversity criteria in 
paragraph (a) or (b) of this section, you must:
    (1) Notify SBA within 10 days; and
    (2) Re-establish diversity within six months.
    (e) Exception to diversity rule. This Sec. 107.150 does not apply if 
you are not licensed to issue participating securities and:
    (1) You received your license before November 28, 1995; or
    (2) SBA received your license application before November 28, 1995 
and, as of such date, you had raised the funds needed to begin 
operations as contemplated in your business plan.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5866, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.160  Special rules for Licensees formed as limited partnerships.

    A limited partnership organized under State law solely for the 
purpose of performing the functions and conducting the activities 
contemplated under the Act may apply for a license under section 301(c) 
or section 301 (d) of the Act (``Partnership Licensee'').
    (a) Number of Licensee's General Partners. If you are a Partnership 
Licensee, you must have as your general partner(s) at least two 
individuals, or at least one corporation, partnership, or limited 
liability company (LLC), or any combination of individuals, 
corporations, partnerships, or LLCs.
    (b) Entity General Partner of Licensee. A general partner which is a 
corporation, limited liability company or partnership (an ``Entity 
General Partner'') shall be organized under state law solely for the 
purpose of serving as the general partner of one or more Licensees.
    (1) SBA must approve any person who will serve as an officer, 
director, manager, or general partner of the Entity General Partner. 
This provision must be stated in an Entity General Partner's Certificate 
of Incorporation,

[[Page 38]]

member agreement, Limited Partnership Agreement or other similar 
governing instrument which must, in each case, accompany the license 
application.
    (2) An Entity General Partner is subject to the same examination and 
reporting requirements as a Licensee under section 310(b) of the Act. 
The restrictions and obligations imposed upon a Licensee by 
Secs. 107.1800 through 107.1820, and 107.30, 107.410 through 107.450, 
107.470, 107.475, 107.500, 107.510, 107.585, 107.600, 107.680, 107.690 
through 107.692, 107.865, and 107.1910 apply also to an Entity General 
Partner of a Licensee.
    (3) The general partner(s) of your Entity General Partner(s) will be 
considered your general partner.
    (4) If your Entity General Partner is a limited partnership, its 
limited partners may be considered your Control Person(s) if they meet 
the definition for Control Person in Sec. 107.50.
    (5) If your Entity General Partner is a limited partnership, it is 
subject to paragraph (a) of this section.
    (c) Other requirements for Partnership Licensees. If you are a 
Partnership Licensee:
    (1) You must have a minimum duration of ten years or two years 
following the maturity of your last-maturing Leverage security, 
whichever is longer. After 10 years, if all Leverage has been repaid or 
redeemed and all amounts due SBA, its agent, or Trustee have been paid, 
the Partnership Licensee may be terminated by a vote of your partners. 
(For purposes of this provision SBA is not considered a partner.);
    (2) None of your general partner(s) may be removed or replaced by 
your limited partners without prior written approval of SBA;
    (3) Any transferee of, or successor in interest to, your general 
partner shall have only the rights and liabilities of a limited partner 
pending SBA's written approval of such transfer or succession; and
    (4) You must incorporate all the provisions in this paragraph (c) in 
your Limited Partnership Agreement.
    (d) Obligations of a Control Person. All Control Persons are bound 
by the disciplinary provisions of sections 313 and 314 of the Act and by 
the conflict-of-interest rules under section 312 of the Act. The term 
Licensee, as used in Secs. 107.30, 107.460, and 107.680 includes all of 
the Licensee's Control Persons. The term Licensee as used in 
Sec. 107.670 includes only the Licensee's general partner(s). The 
conditions specified in Secs. 107.1800 through 107.1820 and 
Sec. 107.1910 apply to all general partners.
    (e) Liability of general partner for partnership debts to SBA. 
Subject to section 314 of the Act, your general partner is not liable 
solely by reason of its status as a general partner for repayment of any 
Leverage or debts you owe to SBA unless SBA, in the exercise of 
reasonable investment prudence, and with regard to your financial 
soundness, determines otherwise prior to the purchase or guaranty of 
your Leverage.
    (f) Reorganization of Licensee. A corporate Licensee wishing to 
reorganize as a Partnership Licensee, or a Partnership Licensee wishing 
to reorganize as a Corporate Licensee, may apply to SBA for approval 
under Sec. 107.470.
    (g) Special Leverage requirement. Before your first issuance of 
Leverage, you must furnish SBA with evidence that you qualify as a 
partnership for tax purposes, either by a ruling from the Internal 
Revenue Service, or by an opinion of counsel.

                          Capitalizing an SBIC



Sec. 107.200  Adequate capital for Licensees.

    You must meet the requirements of this Sec. 107.200 to qualify for a 
license, to continue as a Licensee, and to receive Leverage.
    (a) You must have enough Regulatory Capital to provide reasonable 
assurance that:
    (1) You will operate soundly and profitably over the long term; and
    (2) You will be able to operate actively in accordance with your 
Articles and within the context of your business plan, as approved by 
SBA.
    (b) In SBA's sole discretion, you must be economically viable, 
taking into consideration actual and anticipated income and losses on 
your Loans and Investments, and the experience and qualifications of 
your owners and managers.

[[Page 39]]



Sec. 107.210  Minimum capital requirements for Licensees.

    (a) Companies licensed on or after October 1, 1996. A company 
licensed on or after October 1, 1996 must have Leverageable Capital of 
at least $2,500,000 and must meet the applicable minimum Regulatory 
Capital requirement:
    (1) Licensees other than Participating Securities issuers. A 
Licensee that does not wish to be eligible to apply for Participating 
Securities must have Regulatory Capital of at least $5,000,000. As an 
exception to this general rule, SBA in its sole discretion and based on 
a showing of special circumstances and good cause may license an 
applicant with Regulatory Capital of at least $3,000,000, but only if 
the applicant:
    (i) Has satisfied all licensing standards and requirements except 
the minimum capital requirement, as determined solely by SBA;
    (ii) Has a viable business plan reasonably projecting profitable 
operations; and
    (iii) Has a reasonable timetable for achieving Regulatory Capital of 
at least $5,000,000.
    (2) Participating Securities issuers. A Licensee that wishes to be 
eligible to apply for Participating Securities must have Regulatory 
Capital of at least $10,000,000, unless it demonstrates to SBA's 
satisfaction that it can be financially viable over the long term with a 
lower amount. Under no circumstances can the Licensee have Regulatory 
Capital of less than $5,000,000.
    (b) Companies licensed before October 1, 1996. A company licensed 
before October 1, 1996 must meet the minimum capital requirements 
applicable to such company, as required by the regulations in effect on 
September 30, 1996. See Sec. 107.1120(c)(2) for Leverage eligibility 
requirements.

[63 FR 5866, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.230  Permitted sources of Private Capital for Licensees.

    Private Capital means the contributed capital of a Licensee, plus 
unfunded binding commitments by Institutional Investors (including 
commitments evidenced by a promissory note) to contribute capital to a 
Licensee.
    (a) Contributed capital. For purposes of this section, contributed 
capital means the paid-in capital and paid-in surplus of a Corporate 
Licensee, or the partners' contributed capital of a Partnership 
Licensee, in either case subject to the limitations in paragraph (b) of 
this section.
    (b) Exclusions from Private Capital. Private Capital does not 
include:
    (1) Funds borrowed by a Licensee from any source.
    (2) Funds obtained through the issuance of Leverage.
    (3) Funds obtained directly or indirectly from any Federal, State, 
or local government, or any government agency or instrumentality, except 
for funds invested by a public pension fund and ``Qualified Non-private 
Funds'' as defined in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (4) Any portion of a commitment from an Institutional Investor with 
a net worth of less than $10 million that exceeds 10 percent of such 
Institutional Investor's net worth and is not backed by a letter of 
credit from a State or National bank acceptable to SBA.
    (c) Non-cash capital contributions. Capital contributions in a form 
other than cash are subject to the limitations in Sec. 107.240.
    (d) Qualified Non-private Funds. Private Capital includes 
``Qualified Non-private Funds'' as defined in this paragraph (d); 
however, investors of Qualified Non-private Funds must not control, 
directly or indirectly, a Licensee's management, or its board of 
directors or general partner(s). Qualified Non-private Funds are:
    (1) Funds directly or indirectly invested in any Licensee on or 
before August 16, 1982 by any Federal agency except SBA, under a statute 
explicitly mandating the inclusion of such funds in ``Private Capital'';
    (2) Funds directly or indirectly invested in any Licensee by any 
Federal agency under a statute that is enacted after September 4, 1992, 
explicitly mandating the inclusion of such funds in ``Private Capital'';
    (3) Funds invested in any Licensee or license applicant by one or 
more State or local government entities (including any guarantee 
extended by such entities) in an aggregate amount that does

[[Page 40]]

not exceed 33 percent of Regulatory Capital; and
    (4) Funds invested in or committed in writing to any Section 301(d) 
Licensee prior to October 1, 1996, from the following sources:
    (i) A State financing agency, or similar agency or instrumentality, 
if the funds invested are derived from such agency's net income and not 
from appropriated State or local funds; and
    (ii) Grants made by a state or local government agency or 
instrumentality into a nonprofit corporation or institution exercising 
discretionary authority with respect to such funds, if SBA determines 
that such funds have taken on a private character and the nonprofit 
corporation or institution is not a mere conduit.
    (e) You may not accept any capital contribution made with funds 
borrowed by a Person seeking to own an equity interest (whether direct 
or indirect, beneficial or of record) of at least 10 percent of your 
Private Capital. This exclusion does not apply if:
    (1) Such Person's net worth is at least twice the amount borrowed; 
or
    (2) SBA gives its prior written approval of the capital 
contribution.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5866, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.240  Limitations on including non-cash capital contributions in Private Capital.

    Non-cash capital contributions to a Licensee or license applicant 
are included in Private Capital only if they fall into one of the 
following categories:
    (a) Direct obligations of, or obligations guaranteed as to principal 
and interest by, the United States.
    (b) Services rendered or to be rendered to you, priced at no more 
than their fair market value.
    (c) Tangible assets used in your operations, priced at no more than 
their fair market value.
    (d) Shares in a Disadvantaged Business received by a subsidiary 
Section 301(d) Licensee from its parent Licensee, valued at the lower of 
cost or fair value.
    (e) Other non-cash assets approved by SBA.



Sec. 107.250  Exclusion of stock options issued by Licensee from Management Expenses.

    Stock options issued by any Licensee, including a 1940 or 1980 Act 
Company, are not considered compensation and therefore do not count as 
part of a Licensee's Management Expenses.

                      Applying for an SBIC License



Sec. 107.300  License application form and fee.

    The license application must be submitted on SBA Form 415 together 
with a processing fee computed as follows:
    (a) All license applicants will pay a base fee of $10,000.
    (b) All applicants who will be Partnership Licensees will pay an 
additional $5,000 fee, for a total of $15,000.
    (c) All applicants who will be issuing Participating Securities will 
pay an additional $5,000 fee, for a total of $15,000, or a total fee of 
$20,000 if they also intend to be Partnership Licensees.



  Subpart D--Changes in Ownership, Control, or Structure of Licensee; 
                           Transfer of License

               Changes in Control or Ownership of Licensee



Sec. 107.400  Changes in ownership of 10 percent or more of Licensee but no change of Control.

    (a) Prior approval requirements. You must obtain SBA's prior written 
approval for any proposed transfer or issuance of ownership interests 
that results in the ownership (beneficial or of record) by any Person, 
or group of Persons acting in concert, of at least 10 percent of any 
class of your stock or partnership capital.
    (b) Fee. A processing fee of $200 must accompany each such request 
for approval of a change of ownership.



Sec. 107.410  Changes in Control of Licensee (through change in ownership or otherwise).

    (a) Prior approval requirements. You must obtain SBA's prior written 
approval for any proposed transaction or event that results in Control 
by any

[[Page 41]]

Person(s) not previously approved by SBA.
    (b) Fee. A processing fee of $10,000 must accompany any application 
for approval of one or more transactions or events that will result in a 
transfer of Control.



Sec. 107.420  Prohibition on exercise of ownership or Control rights in Licensee before SBA approval.

    Without prior written SBA approval, no change of ownership or 
Control may take effect and no officer, director, employee or other 
Person acting on your behalf shall:
    (a) Register on your books any transfer of ownership interest to the 
proposed new owner(s);
    (b) Permit the proposed new owner(s) to exercise voting rights with 
respect to such ownership interest (including directly or indirectly 
procuring or voting any proxy, consent or authorization as to such 
voting rights at any shareholders' or partnership meeting);
    (c) Permit the proposed new owner(s) to participate in any manner in 
the conduct of your affairs (including exercising control over your 
books, records, funds or other assets; participating directly or 
indirectly in any disposition thereof; or serving as an officer, 
director, partner, employee or agent); or
    (d) Allow ownership or Control to pass to another Person.



Sec. 107.430  Notification to SBA of transactions that may change ownership or Control.

    You must promptly notify SBA as soon as you have knowledge of 
transactions or events that may result in a transfer of Control or 
ownership of at least 10 percent of your capital. If there is any doubt 
as to whether a particular transaction or event will result in such a 
change, report the facts to SBA.



Sec. 107.440  Standards governing prior SBA approval for a proposed transfer of Control.

    SBA approval is contingent upon full disclosure of the real parties 
in interest, the source of funds for the new owners' interest, and other 
data requested by SBA. As a condition of approving a proposed transfer 
of control, SBA may:
    (a) Require an increase in your Regulatory Capital;
    (b) Require the new owners or the transferee's Control Person(s) to 
assume, in writing, personal liability for your Leverage, effective only 
in the event of their direct or indirect participation in any transfer 
of Control not approved by SBA; or
    (c) Require compliance with any other conditions set by SBA.



Sec. 107.450  Notification to SBA of pledge of Licensee's shares.

    (a) You must notify SBA in writing, within 30 calendar days, of the 
terms of any transaction in which:
    (1) Any Person, or group of Persons acting in concert, pledges 
shares of your stock (or equivalent ownership interests) as collateral 
for indebtedness; and
    (2) The shares pledged are at least 10 percent of your Regulatory 
Capital.
    (b) If the transaction creates a change of ownership or Control, you 
must comply with Sec. 107.400 or Sec. 107.410, as appropriate.

  Restrictions on Common Control or Ownership of Two or More Licensees



Sec. 107.460  Restrictions on Common Control or ownership of two (or more) Licensees.

    (a) General rule. Without SBA's prior written approval, you must not 
have an officer, director, manager, Control Person, or owner (with a 
direct or indirect ownership interest of at least 10 percent) who is 
also:
    (1) An officer, director, manager, Control Person, or owner (with a 
direct or indirect ownership interest of at least 10 percent) of another 
Licensee; or
    (2) An officer or director of any Person that directly or indirectly 
controls, or is controlled by, or is under Common Control with, another 
Licensee.
    (b) Exceptions to general rule. This Sec. 107.460 does not apply to:
    (1) Common officers, directors, managers, or owners of a Section 
301(c) Licensee and its Section 301(d) subsidiary; or
    (2) Common officers, directors, managers, Control Persons, or owners 
of two (or more) Licensees which have no Leverage.

[[Page 42]]

                     Change in Structure of Licensee



Sec. 107.470  SBA approval of merger, consolidation, or reorganization of Licensee.

    (a) Prior approval requirements. You may not merge, consolidate, 
change form of organization (corporation or partnership) or reorganize 
without SBA's prior written approval. Any such merger or consolidation 
will be subject to Sec. 107.440.
    (b) Fee. A processing fee of $5,000 must accompany any application 
for approval of a change in your form of organization (from corporation 
to partnership or partnership to corporation).

                           Transfer of License



Sec. 107.475  Transfer of license.

    You may not transfer your license in any manner without SBA's prior 
written approval.



            Subpart E--Managing the Operations of a Licensee

                          General Requirements



Sec. 107.500  Lawful operations under the Act.

    You must engage only in the activities contemplated by the Act and 
in no other activities.



Sec. 107.501  Identification as a Licensee.

    You must display your SBIC license in a prominent location. You must 
also have a listed telephone number. Before collecting an application 
fee or extending Financing to a Small Business, you must obtain a 
written statement from the concern acknowledging its awareness that you 
are ``a Federal licensee under the Small Business Investment Act of 
1958, as amended.''



Sec. 107.502  Representations to the public.

    You may not represent or imply to anyone that the SBA, the U.S. 
Government or any of its agencies or officers has approved any ownership 
interests you have issued or obligations you have incurred. Be certain 
to include a statement to this effect in any solicitation to investors. 
Example: You may not represent or imply that ``SBA stands behind the 
Licensee'' or that ``Your capital is safe because SBA's experts review 
proposed investments to make sure they are safe for the Licensee.''



Sec. 107.503  Licensee's adoption of an approved valuation policy.

    (a) Valuation guidelines. You must prepare, document and report the 
valuations of your Loans and Investments in accordance with the 
Valuation Guidelines for SBICs issued by SBA. These guidelines may be 
obtained from SBA's Investment Division.
    (b) SBA approval of valuation policy. You must have a written 
valuation policy approved by SBA for use in determining the value of 
your Loans and Investments. You must either:
    (1) Adopt without change the model valuation policy set forth in 
section III of the Valuation Guidelines for SBICs; or
    (2) Obtain SBA's prior written approval of an alternative valuation 
policy.
    (c) Responsibility for valuations. Your board of directors or 
general partner(s) will be solely responsible for adopting your 
valuation policy and for using it to prepare valuations of your Loans 
and Investments for submission to SBA. If SBA reasonably believes that 
your valuations, individually or in the aggregate, are materially 
misstated, it reserves the right to require you to engage, at your 
expense, an independent third party, acceptable to SBA, to substantiate 
the valuations.
    (d) Frequency of valuations. (1) If you have outstanding Leverage or 
Earmarked Assets, you must value your Loans and Investments at the end 
of the second quarter of your fiscal year, and at the end of your fiscal 
year.
    (2) Otherwise, you must value your Loans and Investments only at 
your fiscal year end.
    (3) On a case-by-case basis, SBA may require you to perform 
valuations more frequently.
    (4) You must report material adverse changes in valuations at least 
quarterly, within thirty days following the close of the quarter.
    (e) Review of valuations by independent public accountant. (1) For 
valuations performed as of the end of your fiscal

[[Page 43]]

year, your independent public accountant must review your valuation 
procedures and the implementation of such procedures, including adequacy 
of documentation.
    (2) The independent public accountant's report on your audited 
annual financial statements (SBA Form 468) must include a statement that 
your valuations were prepared in accordance with your approved valuation 
policy established in accordance with section 310(d)(2) of the Act.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5866, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.504  Computer capability requirements of Licensee.

    You must have a personal computer with a modem, and be able to use 
this equipment to prepare reports (using SBA-provided software) and 
transmit them by modem to SBA.



Sec. 107.505  Facsimile requirement.

    You must be able to receive fax messages 24 hours per day at your 
primary office.



Sec. 107.506  Safeguarding Licensee's assets/Internal controls.

    You must adopt a plan to safeguard your assets and monitor the 
reliability of your financial data, personnel, Portfolio, funds and 
equipment. You must provide your bank and custodian with a certified 
copy of your resolution or other formal document describing your control 
procedures.



Sec. 107.507  Violations based on false filings and nonperformance of agreements with SBA.

    The following shall constitute a violation of this part:
    (a) Nonperformance. Nonperformance of any of the requirements of any 
Debenture, Participating Security or Preferred Security, or of any 
written agreement with SBA.
    (b) False statement. In any document submitted to SBA:
    (1) Any false statement knowingly made; or
    (2) Any misrepresentation of a material fact; or
    (3) Any failure to state a material fact. A material fact is any 
fact which is necessary to make a statement not misleading in light of 
the circumstances under which the statement was made.



Sec. 107.508  Accessible office.

    You must maintain an office that is convenient to the public and is 
open for business during normal working hours.



Sec. 107.509  Employment of SBA officials.

    Without SBA's prior written approval, for a period of two years 
after the date of your most recent issuance of Leverage (or the receipt 
of any SBA Assistance as defined in part 105 of this chapter), you are 
not permitted to employ, offer employment to, or retain for professional 
services, any person who:
    (a) Served as an officer, attorney, agent, or employee of SBA on or 
within one year before such date; and
    (b) As such, occupied a position or engaged in activities which, in 
SBA's determination, involved discretion with respect to the granting of 
Assistance under the Act.

                       Management and Compensation



Sec. 107.510  SBA approval of Licensee's Investment Adviser/Manager.

    You may employ an Investment Adviser/Manager who will be subject to 
the supervision of your board of directors or general partner. If you 
have Leverage or plan to seek Leverage, you must obtain SBA's prior 
written approval of the management contract. SBA's approval of an 
Investment Adviser/Manager for one Licensee does not indicate approval 
of that manager for any other Licensee.
    (a) Management contract. The contract must:
    (1) Specify the services the Investment Adviser/Manager will render 
to you and to the Small Businesses in your Portfolio; and
    (2) Indicate the basis for computing Management Expenses.
    (b) Material change to approved management contract. If there is a 
material change, both you and SBA must approve such change in advance. 
If you are uncertain if the change is material, submit the proposed 
revision to SBA.

[[Page 44]]



Sec. 107.520  Management Expenses of a Licensee.

    SBA must approve any increases in your Management Expenses if you 
have outstanding Leverage or Earmarked Assets.
    (a) Definition of Management Expenses. Management Expenses include:
    (1) Salaries;
    (2) Office expenses;
    (3) Travel;
    (4) Business development;
    (5) Office and equipment rental;
    (6) Bookkeeping; and
    (7) Expenses related to developing, investigating and monitoring 
investments.
    (b) Management Expenses do not include services provided by 
specialized outside consultants, outside lawyers and independent public 
accountants, if they perform services not generally performed by a 
venture capital company.
    (c) If your Management Expenses have not already been approved by 
SBA, you must submit such expenses for approval with your SBA Form 468 
for your first fiscal year ending after January 31, 1996.

                      Cash Management by a Licensee



Sec. 107.530  Restrictions on investments of idle funds by leveraged Licensees.

    (a) Applicability of this section. This Sec. 107.530 applies if you 
have outstanding Leverage or if you have applied for Leverage.
    (b) Permitted investments of idle funds. Funds not invested in Small 
Businesses must be maintained in:
    (1) Direct obligations of, or obligations guaranteed as to principal 
and interest by, the United States, which mature within 15 months from 
the date of the investment; or
    (2) Repurchase agreements with federally insured institutions, with 
a maturity of seven days or less. The securities underlying the 
repurchase agreements must be direct obligations of, or obligations 
guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. The 
securities must be maintained in a custodial account at a federally 
insured institution; or
    (3) Certificates of deposit with a maturity of one year or less, 
issued by a federally insured institution; or
    (4) A deposit account in a federally insured institution, subject to 
a withdrawal restriction of one year or less; or
    (5) A checking account in a federally insured institution; or
    (6) A reasonable petty cash fund.
    (c) Deposit of funds in excess of the insured amount. (1) You are 
permitted to deposit funds in a federally insured institution in excess 
of the institution's insured amount, but only if the institution is 
``well capitalized'' in accordance with the definition set forth in 
regulations of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, as amended (12 
CFR 325.103).
    (2) Exception: You may make a temporary deposit (not to exceed 30 
days) in excess of the insured amount, in a transfer account established 
to facilitate the receipt and disbursement of funds or to hold funds 
necessary to honor Commitments issued.
    (d) Deposit of funds in Associate institution. A deposit in, or a 
repurchase agreement with, a federally insured institution that is your 
Associate is not considered a Financing of such Associate under 
Sec. 107.730, provided the terms of such deposit or repurchase agreement 
are no less favorable than those available to the general public.

               Borrowing by Licensees From Non-SBA Sources



Sec. 107.550  Prior approval of secured third-party debt of leveraged Licensees.

    (a) Definition. In this Sec. 107.550, ``secured third-party debt'' 
means any non-SBA debt secured by any of your assets, including secured 
guarantees and other contingent obligations that you voluntarily assume, 
secured lines of credit, and secured Temporary Debt of a Licensee with 
outstanding Participating Securities.
    (b) General rule. If you have outstanding Leverage, you must get 
SBA's written approval before you incur any secured third-party debt or 
refinance any debt with secured third-party debt, including any renewal 
of a secured line of credit, increase in the maximum amount available 
under a secured line

[[Page 45]]

of credit, or expansion of the scope of a security interest or lien. For 
purposes of this paragraph (b), ``expansion of the scope of a security 
interest or lien'' does not include the substitution of one asset or 
group of assets for another, provided the asset values (as reported on 
your most recent annual Form 468) are comparable.
    (c) Additional rule for secured lines of credit in existence on 
April 8, 1994. If you have outstanding Leverage and you have a secured 
line of credit that was created on or before April 8, 1994, you must 
receive SBA's written approval of the line before you increase the 
amounts outstanding thereunder.
    (d) Conditions for SBA approval. As a condition of granting its 
approval under this Sec. 107.550, SBA may impose such restrictions or 
limitations as it deems appropriate, taking into account your historical 
performance, current financial position, proposed terms of the secured 
debt and amount of aggregate debt you will have outstanding (including 
Leverage). SBA will not favorably consider any requests for approval 
which include a blanket lien on all your assets, or a security interest 
in your investor commitments in excess of 125 percent of the proposed 
borrowing.
    (e) Thirty day approval. Unless SBA notifies you otherwise within 30 
days after it receives your request, you may consider your request 
automatically approved if:
    (1) You are in regulatory compliance;
    (2) The security interest in your assets is limited to either those 
assets being acquired with the borrowed funds or an asset coverage ratio 
of no more than 2:1;
    (3) Your Leverage does not exceed 150 percent of your Leverageable 
Capital; and
    (4) Your request is for approval of a secured line of credit that 
would not cause your total outstanding borrowings (not including 
Leverage) to exceed 50 percent of your Leverageable Capital.



Sec. 107.560  Subordination of SBA's creditor position.

    (a) Debentures purchased or guaranteed on or before July 1, 1991. 
Under the terms of any Debenture purchased or guaranteed by SBA on or 
before July 1, 1991, SBA's unsecured claims against you, as a Debenture-
holder or as subrogee, are subordinated in favor of all your other 
creditors, except to the extent that such claims may be subject to 
equitable subordination in SBA's favor.
    (b) Debentures purchased or guaranteed after July 1, 1991, including 
refinancings of Debentures previously purchased or guaranteed. (1) Under 
the terms of any Debenture purchased or guaranteed by SBA after July 1, 
1991, SBA's unsecured claims against you, as a Debenture-holder or as 
subrogee, are subordinated only in favor of non-Associate lenders; and, 
to the extent that your indebtedness to such lenders exceeds the lesser 
of $10,000,000 or 200 percent of your Regulatory Capital (determined as 
of the date your Debentures were purchased or guaranteed), SBA's 
unsecured claims enjoy parity with those of other unsecured creditors, 
except with respect to indebtedness created on or before July 1, 1991.
    (2) In order to induce others to lend you money after your Debenture 
has been purchased or guaranteed, SBA may agree in writing on a case-by-
case basis to subordinate its unsecured claims, on such terms as it may 
determine, in favor of one or more of your Associates, or in favor of 
other lenders in excess of the amounts mentioned in paragraph (b)(1) of 
this section.
    (3) SBA reserves the authority to refuse to subordinate its claims 
if it determines, at the time you request your Debenture be purchased or 
guaranteed, that the exercise of reasonable investment prudence and your 
financial condition warrant such refusal.



Sec. 107.570  Restrictions on third-party debt of issuers of Participating Securities.

    (a) General. Temporary Debt is the only debt (other than Leverage) 
that you are permitted to incur if you have applied to issue 
Participating Securities or if you have outstanding Participating 
Securities. For additional rules governing secured Temporary Debt, see 
Sec. 107.550.
    (b) Definition of Temporary Debt. Temporary Debt means your short-
term borrowings if:

[[Page 46]]

    (1) Such borrowings are for the purpose of maintaining your 
operating liquidity or providing funds for a particular Financing of a 
Small Business;
    (2) The funds are borrowed from a regulated financial institution or 
a regulated credit company (or, if approved by SBA on a case-by-case 
basis, from non-regulated lenders including shareholders or partners);
    (3) Your total outstanding borrowings (not including Leverage) do 
not exceed 50 percent of your Leverageable Capital; and
    (4) All such borrowings are fully paid off for at least 30 
consecutive days during your fiscal year so that you have no outstanding 
third-party debt for 30 days.

           Voluntary Decrease in Licensee's Regulatory Capital



Sec. 107.585  Voluntary decrease in Licensee's Regulatory Capital.

    You must obtain SBA's prior written approval to reduce your 
Regulatory Capital by more than two percent in any fiscal year, unless 
otherwise permitted under Secs. 107.1560 and 107.1570. At all times, you 
must retain sufficient Regulatory Capital to meet the minimum capital 
requirements in the Act and Sec. 107.210, and sufficient Leverageable 
Capital to avoid having excess Leverage in violation of section 303 of 
the Act and Secs. 107.1150 through 107.1170.

           Requirement To Conduct Active Investment Operations



Sec. 107.590  Licensee's requirement to maintain active operations.

    (a) Activity test. You must conduct active operations, as determined 
under this Sec. 107.590, as a condition of your license. You will be 
considered active if:
    (1) During the eighteen months preceding your most recent fiscal 
year end, you made Financings totaling at least 20 percent of your 
Regulatory Capital; or
    (2) Your idle funds did not exceed 20 percent of your total assets 
(at cost) at your most recent fiscal year end.
    (b) Permitted exceptions to activity requirements. You are 
considered active if your failure to meet the requirements in paragraph 
(a) of this section is the result of one or more of the following 
factors:
    (1) Your excess idle funds are the result of the receipt, within the 
previous nine months, of realized gains, repayments, additional capital 
contributions, or Leverage.
    (2) It is necessary for you to maintain excess idle funds to conduct 
your operations because:
    (i) Your unfunded commitments from investors are no more than 20 
percent of your Regulatory Capital; and
    (ii) You cannot receive additional Leverage, solely because SBA has 
insufficient funds available.
    (3) You have not made sufficient Financings because of a lack of 
available funds, evidenced by Loans and Investments (at cost) equal to 
at least 90 percent of your Combined Capital as of your most recent 
fiscal year end.
    (4) You have not made sufficient Financings solely because SBA has 
restricted your ability to make investments.
    (c) Applicability of activity requirements. The activity 
requirements in paragraph (a) of this section do not apply if you have 
filed a ``Wind-up Plan'' approved by SBA. ``Wind-up Plan'' means a plan 
that you prepare when you decide that you will no longer make any 
Financings other than follow-on investments, and that you update 
annually when you file your SBA Form 468. The plan must contain your 
best estimates of the following:
    (1) The remaining number of years you expect to operate.
    (2) For each of your Loans and Investments, the expected liquidation 
date and anticipated proceeds.
    (3) The timing of your repayment of obligations to SBA.
    (4) The timing and amount of any planned reductions in your 
Management Expenses.
    (d) Phase-in of activity requirements. (1) General rule. You must 
meet the activity requirements in this Sec. 107.590 as of the end of 
your first full fiscal year beginning after January 31, 1996. Until 
then, you will be considered active if you meet the activity 
requirements in effect on January 30, 1996.
    (2) Rule for new Licensees. If you received your license after 
January 31,

[[Page 47]]

1996, or if you received your license less than eighteen months before 
the fiscal year end determined under paragraph (d)(1) of this section, 
you must meet the activity requirements in this Sec. 107.590 as of the 
end of your second full fiscal year beginning after the date you 
received your license.



 Subpart F--Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Examination Requirements for 
                                Licensees

                Recordkeeping Requirements for Licensees



Sec. 107.600  General requirement for Licensee to maintain and preserve records.

    (a) Maintaining your accounting records. You must establish and 
maintain your accounting records using SBA's standard chart of accounts 
for Licensees, unless SBA approves otherwise.
    (b) Location of records. You must keep the following records at your 
principal place of business or, in the case of paragraph (b)(3) of this 
section, at the branch office that is primarily responsible for the 
transaction:
    (1) All your accounting and other financial records;
    (2) All minutes of meetings of directors, stockholders, executive 
committees, partners, or other officials; and
    (3) All documents and supporting materials related to your business 
transactions, except for any items held by a custodian under a written 
agreement between you and a Portfolio Concern or non-SBA lender, or any 
securities held in a safe deposit box, or by a licensed securities 
broker in an amount not exceeding the broker's per-account insurance 
coverage.
    (c) Preservation of records. You must retain all the records that 
are the basis for your financial reports. Such records must be preserved 
for the periods specified in this paragraph (c), and must remain 
accessible for the first two years of the preservation period.
    (1) You must preserve for at least 15 years or, in the case of a 
Partnership Licensee, at least two years beyond the date of liquidation:
    (i) All your accounting ledgers and journals, and any other records 
of assets, asset valuations, liabilities, equity, income, and expenses.
    (ii) Your Articles, bylaws, minute books, and license application.
    (iii) All documents evidencing ownership of the Licensee including 
ownership ledgers, and ownership transfer registers.
    (2) You must preserve for at least six years all supporting 
documentation (such as vouchers, bank statements, or canceled checks) 
for the records listed in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
    (3) After final disposition of any item in your Portfolio, you must 
preserve for at least six years:
    (i) Financing applications and Financing instruments.
    (ii) All loan, participation, and escrow agreements.
    (iii) Size status declarations (SBA Form 480) and Financing 
Eligibility Statements (SBA Form 1941).
    (iv) Any capital stock certificates and warrants of the Portfolio 
Concern that you did not surrender or exercise.
    (v) All other documents and supporting material relating to the 
Portfolio Concern, including correspondence.
    (4) You may substitute a microfilm or computer-scanned or generated 
copy for the original of any record covered by this paragraph (c).



Sec. 107.610  Required certifications for Loans and Investments.

    For each of your Loans and Investments, you must have the documents 
listed in this section. You must keep these documents in your files and 
make them available to SBA upon request.
    (a) SBA Form 480, the Size Status Declaration, executed both by you 
and by the concern you are financing. By executing this document, both 
parties certify that the concern is a Small Business. For securities 
purchased from an underwriter in a public offering, you may substitute a 
prospectus showing that the concern is a Small Business.
    (b) SBA Form 652, a certification by the concern you are financing 
that it will not illegally discriminate (see part 112 of this chapter).
    (c) SBA Form 1941 (for Section 301(d) Licensees only), executed both 
by you and by the concern you are financing.

[[Page 48]]

By executing this document, both parties certify that the concern is a 
Disadvantaged Business.
    (d) A certification by the concern you are financing of the intended 
use of the proceeds. For securities purchased from an underwriter in a 
public offering, you may substitute a prospectus indicating the intended 
use of proceeds.



Sec. 107.620  Requirements to obtain information from Portfolio Concerns.

    All the information required by this section is subject to the 
requirements of Sec. 107.600 and must be in English.
    (a) Information for initial Financing decision. Before extending any 
Financing, you must require the applicant to submit such financial 
statements, plans of operation (including intended use of financing 
proceeds), cash flow analyses and projections as are necessary to 
support your investment decision. The information submitted must be 
consistent with the size and type of the business and the amount of the 
proposed Financing.
    (b) Updated financial information. (1) The terms of each Financing 
must require the Portfolio Concern to provide, at least annually, 
sufficient financial information to enable you to perform the following 
required procedures:
    (i) Evaluate the financial condition of the Portfolio Concern for 
the purpose of valuing your investment;
    (ii) Determine the continued eligibility of the Portfolio Concern; 
and
    (iii) Verify the use of Financing proceeds.
    (2) The information submitted to you must be certified by the 
president, chief executive officer, treasurer, chief financial officer, 
general partner, or proprietor of the Portfolio Concern.
    (3) For financial and valuation purposes, you may accept a complete 
copy of the Federal income tax return filed by the Portfolio Concern (or 
its proprietor) in lieu of financial statements, but only if appropriate 
for the size and type of the business involved.
    (4) The requirements in this paragraph (b) do not apply when you 
acquire securities from an underwriter in a public offering (see 
Sec. 107.825). In that case, you must keep copies of all reports 
furnished by the Portfolio Concern to the holders of its securities.
    (c) Information required for examination purposes. You must obtain 
any information requested by SBA's examiners for the purpose of 
verifying the certifications made by a Portfolio Concern under 
Sec. 107.610. In this regard, your Financing documents must contain 
provisions requiring the Portfolio Concern to give you and/or SBA's 
examiners access to its books and records for such purpose.

                  Reporting Requirements for Licensees



Sec. 107.630  Requirement for Licensees to file financial statements with SBA (Form 468).

    (a) Annual filing of Form 468. For each fiscal year, you must submit 
to SBA financial statements and supplementary information prepared on 
SBA Form 468. You must file Form 468 on or before the last day of the 
third month following the end of your fiscal year, except for the 
information required under paragraph (e) of this section, which must be 
filed on or before the last day of the fifth month following the end of 
your fiscal year.
    (1) Audit of Form 468. The annual Form 468 must be audited by an 
independent public accountant acceptable to SBA.
    (2) Insurance requirement for public accountant. Unless SBA approves 
otherwise, your independent public accountant must carry at least 
$1,000,000 of Errors and Omissions insurance, or be self-insured and 
have a net worth of at least $1,000,000.
    (b) Interim filings of Form 468. When requested by SBA, you must 
file interim reports on Form 468. SBA may require you to file the entire 
form or only certain statements and schedules. You must file such 
reports on or before the last day of the month following the end of the 
reporting period. If you have an outstanding Leverage commitment from 
SBA, see the filing requirements in Sec. 107.1220.
    (c) Standards for preparation of Form 468. You must prepare SBA Form 
468 in accordance with SBA's Accounting Standards and Financial 
Reporting Requirements for Small Business Investment Companies.

[[Page 49]]

    (d) Where to file Form 468. Submit all filings of Form 468 to the 
Investment Division of SBA.
    (e) Reporting of economic impact information on Form 468. Your 
annual filing of SBA Form 468 must include an assessment of the economic 
impact of each Financing, specifying the full-time equivalent jobs 
created or retained, and the impact of the Financing on the revenues and 
profits of the business and on taxes paid by the business and its 
employees.



Sec. 107.640  Requirement to file Portfolio Financing Reports (SBA Form 1031).

    For each Financing of a Small Business (excluding guarantees), you 
must submit a Portfolio Financing Report on SBA Form 1031 within 30 days 
of the closing date.



Sec. 107.650  Requirement to report portfolio valuations to SBA.

    You must determine the value of your Loans and Investments in 
accordance with Sec. 107.503. You must report such valuations to SBA 
within 90 days of the end of the fiscal year in the case of annual 
valuations, and within 30 days following the close of other reporting 
periods. You must report material adverse changes in valuations at least 
quarterly, within thirty days following the close of the quarter.



Sec. 107.660  Other items required to be filed by Licensee with SBA.

    (a) Reports to owners. You must give SBA a copy of any report you 
furnish to your investors, including any prospectus, letter, or other 
publication concerning your financial operations or those of any 
Portfolio Concern.
    (b) Documents filed with SEC. You must give SBA a copy of any 
report, application or document you file with the Securities and 
Exchange Commission.
    (c) Litigation reports. When you become a party to litigation or 
other proceedings, you must give SBA a report within 30 days that 
describes the proceedings and identifies the other parties involved and 
your relationship to them.
    (1) The proceedings covered by this paragraph (c) include any action 
by you, or by your security holder(s) in a personal or derivative 
capacity, against an officer, director, Investment Adviser or other 
Associate of yours for alleged breach of official duty.
    (2) SBA may require you to submit copies of the pleadings and other 
documents SBA may specify.
    (3) Where proceedings have been terminated by settlement or final 
judgment, you must promptly advise SBA of the terms.
    (4) This paragraph (c) does not apply to collection actions or 
proceedings to enforce your ordinary creditors' rights.
    (d) Notification of criminal charges. If any officer, director, or 
general partner of the Licensee, or any other person who was required by 
SBA to complete a personal history statement in connection with your 
license, is charged with or convicted of any criminal offense other than 
a misdemeanor involving a minor motor vehicle violation, you must report 
the incident to SBA within 5 calendar days. Such report must fully 
describe the facts which pertain to the incident.
    (e) Other reports. You must file any other reports that SBA may 
require by written directive.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5866, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.670  Application for exemption from civil penalty for late filing of reports.

    (a) If it is impracticable to submit any required report within the 
time allowed, you may apply for an extension. The request for an 
extension must:
    (1) Be filed before the reporting deadline;
    (2) Certify to an extraordinary occurrence, not within your control, 
that makes timely filing of the report impracticable; and
    (3) Be accompanied by written evidence of such occurrence, where 
appropriate.
    (b) Upon receipt of your request, SBA may exempt you from the civil 
penalty provision of section 315(a) of the Act, in such manner and under 
such conditions as SBA determines.

[[Page 50]]



Sec. 107.680  Reporting changes in Licensee not subject to prior SBA approval.

    (a) Changes to be reported for post approval. (1) This section 
applies to any changes in your Articles, ownership, capitalization, 
management, operating area, or investment policies that do not require 
SBA's prior approval. You must report such changes to SBA within 30 days 
for post approval. A processing fee of $200 must accompany each request 
for post approval of new officers, directors, or Control Persons.
    (2) Exception for non-leveraged Licensees. If you do not have 
outstanding Leverage or Earmarked Assets, you are not required to obtain 
post approval of new directors or new officers other than your chief 
operating officer; however, you must notify SBA of the new directors or 
officers within 30 days.
    (b) Approval by SBA. You may consider any change submitted under 
this section Sec. 107.680 to be approved unless SBA notifies you to the 
contrary within 90 days after receiving it. SBA's approval is contingent 
upon your full disclosure of all relevant facts and is subject to any 
conditions SBA may prescribe.

       Examinations of Licensees by SBA for Regulatory Compliance



Sec. 107.690  Examinations.

    SBA will examine all Licensees for the purpose of evaluating 
regulatory compliance.



Sec. 107.691  Responsibilities of Licensee during examination.

    You must make all books, records and other pertinent documents and 
materials available for the examination, including any information 
required by the examiner under Sec. 107.620(c). In addition, the 
agreement between you and the independent public accountant performing 
your audit must provide that any information in the accountant's working 
papers be made available to SBA upon request.



Sec. 107.692  Examination fees.

    (a) General. SBA will assess fees for examinations in accordance 
with this Sec. 107.692. Unless SBA determines otherwise on a case by 
case basis, SBA will not assess fees for special examinations to obtain 
specific information.
    (b) Base fee. A base fee will be assessed based on your total assets 
(at cost) as of the date of your latest certified financial statement or 
a more recent interim statement requested by and submitted to SBA in 
connection with the examination. The base fee table is as follows:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total assets of licensee          Base fee                      Plus, percent of assets
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$0 to $1,500,000....................       $3,500  +0%
$1,500,001 to $5,000,000............        3,700  +.065% of the amount over $1,500,000
$5,000,001 to $10,000,000...........        6,000  +.02% of the amount over $5,000,000
$10,000,001 to $15,000,000..........        7,000  +.01% of the amount over $10,000,000`
$15,000,001 to $25,000,000..........        7,700  +.015% of the amount over $15,000,000
$25,000,001 to $50,000,000..........        9,200  +.015% of the amount over $25,000,000
$50,000,001 to $60,000,000..........       13,000  +.01% of the amount over $50,000,000
$60,000,001 and above...............       14,000  +0%
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) Adjustments to base fee. Your base fee, as determined by the 
table in paragraph (b) of this section, will be adjusted (increased or 
decreased) based on the following criteria:
    (1) If you have no outstanding regulatory violations at the time of 
the commencement of the examination and SBA did not identify any 
violations as a result of the most recent prior examination, you will 
receive a 15% discount on your base fee;
    (2) If you were fully responsive to the letter of notification of 
examination (that is, you provided all requested documents and 
information within the time period stipulated in the notification letter 
in a complete and accurate manner, and you prepared and had available 
all information requested by the examiner for on-site review), you

[[Page 51]]

will receive a 10% discount on your base fee;
    (3) If you are organized as a partnership or limited liability 
company, you will pay an additional charge equal to 5% of your base fee;
    (4) If you are a Licensee authorized to issue Participating 
Securities, you will pay an additional charge equal to 10% of your base 
fee; and
    (5) If you maintain your records/files in multiple locations (as 
permitted under Sec. 107.600(b)), you will pay an additional charge 
equal to 10% of your base fee.
    (d) Fee discounts and additions table. The following table 
summarizes the discounts and additions noted in paragraph (c) of this 
section:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Amount of                                            Amount of
                                                discount--%                                          Addition--%
           Examination fee discounts              of base           Examination fee additions          of base
                                                examination                                          examination
                                                    fee                                                  fee
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No prior violations...........................         15    Partnership or limited liability                5
                                                              company.
Responsiveness................................         10    Participating Security Licensee.......         10
                                                             Records/files at multiple locations...         10
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (e) Delay fee. If, in the judgement of SBA, the time required to 
complete your examination is delayed due to your lack of cooperation or 
the condition of your records, SBA may assess an additional fee of up to 
$500 per day.

[62 FR 23338, Apr. 30, 1997]



          Subpart G--Financing of Small Businesses by Licensees

   Determining the Eligibility of a Small Business for SBIC Financing



Sec. 107.700  Compliance with size standards in Part 121 of this chapter as a condition of Assistance.

    You are permitted to provide financial assistance and management 
services only to a Small Business. To determine whether an applicant is 
a Small Business, you may use either the financial size standards in 
Sec. 121.301(c)(1) of this chapter or the industry standard covering the 
industry in which the applicant is primarily engaged, as set forth in 
Sec. 121.301(c)(2) of this chapter.



Sec. 107.710  Requirement to Finance Smaller Enterprises.

    Your Portfolio must include Financings to Smaller Enterprises.
    (a) Definition of Smaller Enterprise. A Smaller Enterprise means any 
small business concern that:
    (1) Together with its Affiliates has a net worth of not more than 
$6.0 million and average net income after Federal income taxes 
(excluding any carry-over losses) for the preceding two years no greater 
than $2.0 million; or
    (2) Both together with its Affiliates, and by itself, meets the size 
standard of Sec. 121.201 of this chapter at the time of Financing for 
the industry in which it is then primarily engaged.
    (b) Smaller Enterprise Financings.--(1) General rule. At the close 
of each of your fiscal years, at least 20 percent of the total dollar 
amount of the Financings you extended since April 25, 1994 must have 
been invested in Smaller Enterprises. If you were licensed after April 
25, 1994, the 20 percent requirement applies to the total dollar amount 
of the Financings you extended since you were licensed plus any pre-
licensing investments approved by SBA for inclusion in your Regulatory 
Capital.
    (2) Phase-in for new Licensees. At the close of your first full 
fiscal year after licensing, at least 10 percent of the total dollar 
amount of the Financings you extended, including any pre-licensing 
investments approved by SBA for inclusion in your Regulatory Capital, 
must have been invested in Smaller Enterprises. At the close of each 
fiscal year thereafter, you must meet the requirement in paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section.
    (c) Special requirement for certain leveraged Licensees.--(1) This 
paragraph (c) applies if you were licensed on or before September 30, 
1996, and you issued Leverage after that date, and you have Regulatory 
Capital of:

[[Page 52]]

    (i) Less than $10,000,000 if such Leverage was Participating 
Securities; or
    (ii) Less than $5,000,000 if such Leverage was Debentures.
    (2) At the close of each of your fiscal years, at least 50 percent 
of the total dollar amount of the Financings you extended after 
September 30, 1996 must have been invested in Smaller Enterprises.
    (d) Financing a change of ownership which results in the creation of 
a Smaller Enterprises. The Financing of a change of ownership under 
Sec. 107.750 which results in the creation of a Smaller Enterprise 
qualifies as a Smaller Enterprise Financing.
    (e) Non-compliance with this section. If you have not reached the 
required percentage of Smaller Enterprise Financings at the end of any 
fiscal year, then you must be in compliance by the end of the following 
fiscal year. However, you will not be eligible for additional Leverage 
until you reach the required percentage (see Sec. 107.1120(c) and (d)).

[62 FR 11760, Mar. 13, 1997, as amended at 63 FR 5866, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.720  Small Businesses that may be ineligible for Financing.

    (a) Relenders or reinvestors. You are not permitted to finance any 
business that is a relender or reinvestor.
    (1) Definition. Relenders or reinvestors are businesses whose 
primary business activity involves, directly or indirectly, providing 
funds to others, purchasing debt obligations, factoring, or long-term 
leasing of equipment with no provision for maintenance or repair.
    (2) Exception. You may provide Venture Capital Financing to 
Disadvantaged Businesses that are relenders or reinvestors (except banks 
or savings and loans not insured by agencies of the federal government, 
and agricultural credit companies). Without SBA's prior written 
approval, total Financings under this paragraph (a)(2) that are 
outstanding as of the close of your fiscal year must not exceed your 
Regulatory Capital.
    (b) Passive Businesses. You are not permitted to finance a passive 
business.
    (1) Definition. A business is passive if:
    (i) It is not engaged in a regular and continuous business operation 
(for purposes of this paragraph (b), the mere receipt of payments such 
as dividends, rents, lease payments, or royalties is not considered a 
regular and continuous business operation); or
    (ii) Its employees are not carrying on the majority of day to day 
operations, and the company does not provide effective control and 
supervision, on a day to day basis, over persons employed under 
contract; or
    (iii) It passes through substantially all of the proceeds of the 
Financing to another entity.
    (2) Exception for pass-through of proceeds to subsidiary. You may 
finance a passive business if it is a Small Business and it passes 
substantially all the proceeds through to one or more subsidiary 
companies, each of which is an eligible Small Business that is not 
passive. For the purpose of this paragraph (b)(2), ``subsidiary 
company'' means a company in which at least 50 percent of the 
outstanding voting securities are owned by the Financed passive 
business.
    (3) Exception for certain Partnership Licensees. With the prior 
written approval of SBA, if you are a Partnership Licensee, you may form 
one or more wholly-owned corporations in accordance with this paragraph 
(b)(3). The sole purpose of such corporation(s) must be to provide 
Financing to one or more eligible, unincorporated Small Businesses. You 
may form such corporation(s) only if a direct Financing to such Small 
Businesses would cause any of your investors to incur unrelated business 
taxable income under section 511 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 
as amended (26 U.S.C. 511). Your ownership of such corporation(s) will 
not constitute a violation of Sec. 107.865(a) and your investment of 
funds in such corporation(s) will not constitute a violation of 
Sec. 107.730(a).
    (c) Real Estate Businesses. (1) You are not permitted to finance any 
business classified under Major Group 65 (Real Estate) or Industry No. 
1531 (Operative Builders) of the SIC Manual, with the following 
exceptions:
    (i) Title Abstract companies (Industry No. 6541); and

[[Page 53]]

    (ii) Companies listed under Industry No. 6531 (for example, real 
estate agents, brokers, escrow agents, managers and multiple listing 
services) that derive at least 80 percent of their revenue from non-
Affiliate sources.
    (2) You are not permitted to finance a business, regardless of SIC 
classification, if the Financing is to be used to acquire realty or to 
discharge an obligation relating to the prior acquisition of realty, 
unless the Small Business:
    (i) Is acquiring an existing property and will use at least 51 
percent of the usable square footage for an eligible business purpose; 
or
    (ii) Is building or renovating a building and will use at least 67 
percent of the usable square footage for an eligible business purpose.
    (d) Project Financing. You are not permitted to finance a business 
if:
    (1) The assets of the business are to be reduced or consumed, 
generally without replacement, as the life of the business progresses, 
and the nature of the business requires that a stream of cash payments 
be made to the business's financing sources, on a basis associated with 
the continuing sale of assets. Examples include real estate development 
projects and oil and gas wells; or
    (2) The primary purpose of the Financing is to fund production of a 
single item or defined limited number of items, generally over a defined 
production period, and such production will constitute the majority of 
the activities of the Small Business. Examples include motion pictures 
and electric generating plants.
    (e) Farm land purchases. You are not permitted to finance the 
acquisition of farm land. Farm land means land which is or is intended 
to be used for agricultural or forestry purposes, such as the production 
of food, fiber, or wood, or is so taxed or zoned.
    (f) Public interest. You are not permitted to finance any business 
if the proceeds are to be used for purposes contrary to the public 
interest, including but not limited to activities which are in violation 
of law, or inconsistent with free competitive enterprise.
    (g) Foreign investment--(1) General rule. You are not permitted to 
finance a business if:
    (i) The funds will be used substantially for a foreign operation; or
    (ii) At the time of the Financing or within one year thereafter, 
more than 49 percent of the employees or tangible assets of the Small 
Business are located outside the United States (unless you can show, to 
SBA's satisfaction, that the Financing was used for a specific domestic 
purpose).
    (2) Exception. This paragraph (g) does not prohibit a Financing used 
to acquire foreign materials and equipment or foreign property rights 
for use or sale in the United States.
    (h) Associated supplier. You are not permitted to finance a business 
that purchases, or will purchase, goods or services from a supplier who 
is your Associate, except under the following conditions:
    (1) The amount of goods and services purchased (or to be purchased) 
from your Associate with the proceeds of the Financing, or with funds 
released as a result of the Financing, is less than 50 percent of the 
total amount of the Financing (75 percent for a Section 301(d) 
Licensee);
    (2) The price of such goods and services is no higher than that 
charged other customers of your Associate; and
    (3) The Small Business purchases no capital goods from your 
Associate.
    (i) Financing Licensees. You are not permitted to provide funds, 
directly or indirectly, that the Small Business will use:
    (1) To purchase stock in or provide capital to a Licensee; or
    (2) To repay an indebtedness incurred for the purpose of investing 
in a Licensee.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5867, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.730  Financings which constitute conflicts of interest.

    (a) General rule. You must not self-deal to the prejudice of a Small 
Business, the Licensee, its shareholders or partners, or SBA. Unless you 
obtain a prior written exemption from SBA for special instances in which 
a Financing may further the purposes of the Act despite presenting a 
conflict of interest, you must not directly or indirectly:
    (1) Provide Financing to any of your Associates.

[[Page 54]]

    (2) Provide Financing to an Associate of another Licensee if one of 
your Associates has received or will receive any direct or indirect 
Financing or a Commitment from that Licensee or a third Licensee 
(including Financing or Commitments received under any understanding, 
agreement, or cross dealing, reciprocal or circular arrangement).
    (3) Borrow money from:
    (i) A Small Business Financed by you;
    (ii) An officer, director, or owner of at least a 10 percent equity 
interest in such business; or
    (iii) A Close Relative of any such officer, director, or equity 
owner.
    (4) Provide Financing to a Small Business to discharge an obligation 
to your Associate or free other funds to pay such obligation. This 
paragraph (a)(4) does not apply if the obligation is to an Associate 
Lending Institution and is a line of credit or other obligation incurred 
in the normal course of business.
    (5) Provide Financing to a Small Business for the purpose of 
purchasing property from your Associate, except as permitted under 
Sec. 107.720(h).
    (b) Rules applicable to Associates. Without SBA' s prior written 
approval, your Associates must not, directly or indirectly:
    (1) Borrow money from any Person described in paragraph (a)(3) of 
this section.
    (2) Receive from a Small Business any compensation in connection 
with Assistance you provide (except as permitted under Secs. 107.825(c) 
and 107.900), or anything of value for procuring, attempting to procure, 
or influencing your action with respect to such Assistance.
    (c) Applicability of other laws. You are also bound by any 
restrictions in Federal or State laws governing conflicts of interest 
and fiduciary obligations.
    (d) Financings with Associates--(1) Financings with Associates 
requiring prior approval. Without SBA's prior written approval, you may 
not Finance any business in which your Associate has either a voting 
equity interest, or total equity interests (including potential 
interests), of at least five percent.
    (2) Other Financings with Associates. If you and an Associate 
provide Financing to the same Small Business, either at the same time or 
at different times, you must be able to demonstrate to SBA's 
satisfaction that the terms and conditions are (or were) fair and 
equitable to you, taking into account any differences in the timing of 
each party's financing transactions.
    (3) Exceptions to paragraphs (d)(1) and (d)(2) of this section. A 
Financing that falls into one of the following categories is exempt from 
the prior approval requirement in paragraph (d)(1) of this section or is 
presumed to be fair and equitable to you for the purposes of paragraph 
(d)(2) of this section, as appropriate:
    (i) Your Associate is a Lending Institution that is providing 
financing under a credit facility in order to meet the operational needs 
of the Small Business, and the terms of such financing are usual and 
customary.
    (ii) Your Associate invests in the Small Business on the same terms 
and conditions and at the same time as you.
    (iii) Both you and your Associate are leveraged Licensees, and both 
have outstanding Participating Securities or neither has outstanding 
Participating Securities.
    (iv) Both you and your Associate are non-leveraged Licensees, or you 
are a non-leveraged Licensee and your Associate is not a Licensee.
    (e) Use of Associates to manage Portfolio Concerns. To protect your 
investment, you may designate an Associate to serve as an officer, 
director, or other participant in the management of a Small Business. 
You must identify any such Associate in your records available for SBA's 
review under Sec. 107.600. Without SBA's prior written approval, the 
Associate must not:
    (1) Have any other direct or indirect financial interest in the 
Portfolio Concern that exceeds, or has the potential to exceed, 5 
percent of the Portfolio Concern's equity.
    (2) Have served for more than 30 days as an officer, director or 
other participant in the management of the Portfolio Concern before you 
provided Financing.

[[Page 55]]

    (3) Receive any income or anything of value from the Portfolio 
Concern unless it is for your benefit, with the exception of director's 
fees, expenses, and distributions based upon the Associate's ownership 
interest in the Concern.
    (f) 1940 and 1980 Act Companies: SEC exemptions. If you are a 1940 
or 1980 Act Company and you receive an exemption from the Securities and 
Exchange Commission for a transaction described in this Sec. 107.730, 
you need not obtain SBA's approval of the transaction. However, you must 
promptly notify SBA of the transaction and satisfy the public notice 
requirements in paragraph (g) of this section.
    (g) Public notice. Before SBA grants an exemption under this 
Sec. 107.730, you must publish notice of the transaction in a newspaper 
of general circulation in the locality most directly affected by the 
transaction, and furnish a certified copy to SBA within 10 days of 
publication. SBA will publish a similar notice in the Federal Register.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5867, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.740  Portfolio diversification (``overline'' limitation).

    (a) General rule. This Sec. 107.740 applies if you have outstanding 
Leverage or want to be eligible for Leverage. Without SBA's prior 
written approval, you may provide Financing or a Commitment to a Small 
Business only if the resulting amount of your aggregate outstanding 
Financings and Commitments to such Small Business and its Affiliates 
does not exceed:
    (1) 20 percent of your Regulatory Capital as of the date of the 
Financing or Commitment if you are a Section 301(c) Licensee; or
    (2) 30 percent of your Regulatory Capital as of the date of the 
Financing or Commitment if you are a Section 301(d) Licensee.
    (b) Outstanding Financings. For the purposes of paragraph (a) of 
this section, you must measure each outstanding Financing at its current 
cost plus any amount of the Financing that was previously written off.
    (c) Adjustment to Regulatory Capital. For the purposes of paragraph 
(a) of this section, you may compute a higher maximum permitted 
investment in a Small Business (an ``increased limit'') by adding ``net 
unrealized gains'' on Publicly Traded and Marketable securities to your 
Regulatory Capital, subject to the following conditions:
    (1) ``Net unrealized gains'' on Publicly Traded and Marketable 
securities means unrealized gains on Publicly Traded and Marketable 
securities minus unrealized losses on all Loans and Investments.
    (2) You must value your Publicly Traded and Marketable securities in 
accordance with your SBA-approved valuation policy.
    (3) You must have positive Retained Earnings Available for 
Distribution at the time you compute an increased limit under this 
paragraph (c).
    (4) At the time you first compute an increased limit, and as of the 
first business day of each calendar quarter that the increased limit is 
in effect, you must keep copies in your files of the NASDAQ listings (or 
the Wall Street Journal) or written quotations from the market makers 
quoting the Publicly Traded and Marketable securities which support the 
adjustment.
    (5) If your net unrealized gains on Publicly Traded and Marketable 
securities are more than 30 percent below their original level on the 
first business day of any calendar quarter, and remain so for the next 
30 days, you agree to do one of the following to remain in compliance 
with the terms of your Leverage:
    (i) By the first day of the next calendar quarter, increase your 
Regulatory Capital sufficiently to restore support for the increased 
limit; or
    (ii) Lower the increased limit to reflect the decrease in net 
unrealized gains on Publicly Traded and Marketable securities, and 
reduce any Financings that exceed the lower limit.

    Example to paragraph (c) of this section. Your Regulatory Capital is 
$2,500,000 and your overline limit is $500,000 (20 percent of 
$2,500,000). On January 15, 1995, you document net unrealized gains on 
Publicly Traded and Marketable securities of $200,000 and compute an 
increased limit of $540,000 (20 percent of $2,700,000). You now make an 
investment of $540,000 in a Small Business. Nothing changes until the 
first business day

[[Page 56]]

of April, 1996, when you document net unrealized gains on Publicly 
Traded and Marketable securities of only $120,000, a reduction of more 
than 30 percent. Your net unrealized gains remain at this level for the 
next 30 days. Your increased limit is now only $524,000 (20 percent of 
$2,620,000). By July 1, 1996, you must either increase Regulatory 
Capital by $80,000 to restore your increased limit to $540,000, or 
reduce your portfolio investment from $540,000 to $524,000.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5867, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.750  Conditions for financing a change of ownership of a Small Business.

    You may finance a change of ownership of a Small Business only under 
the conditions set forth in this section.
    (a) The Financing must:
    (1) Promote the sound development or preserve the existence of the 
Small Business;
    (2) Help create a Small Business as a result of a corporate 
divestiture; or
    (3) Facilitate ownership in a Disadvantaged Business.
    (b) The Resulting Concern (as defined in paragraph (c) of this 
section) must:
    (1) Be a Small Business under Sec. 107.700;
    (2) Have 500 or fewer full-time equivalent employees; or meet one of 
the appropriate debt/equity ratio tests:
    (i) If you have outstanding Leverage, the Resulting Concern's ratio 
of debt to equity must be no more than 5 to 1; or
    (ii) If you have no outstanding Leverage, the Resulting Concern's 
ratio of debt to equity must be no more than 8 to 1.
    (c) Definitions. (1) The ``Resulting Concern'' is determined by 
viewing the business as though the change of ownership had already 
occurred, giving effect to all contemplated financing, mergers, and 
acquisitions.
    (2) For purposes of this section, ``debt'' means long-term debt, 
including contingent liabilities, but excluding accounts payable, 
operating leases, letters of credit, subordinated notes payable to the 
seller, any other liabilities approved for exclusion by SBA and short-
term working capital loans (so long as the loans carry a zero balance 
for 30 consecutive days during the concern's fiscal year).
    (3) For purposes of this section, ``equity'' means common and 
preferred stock (corporation), contributed capital (partnership), or 
membership interests (limited liability company).



Sec. 107.760  How a change in size or activity of a Portfolio Concern affects the Licensee and the Portfolio Concern.

    (a) Effect on Licensee of a change in size of a Portfolio Concern. 
If a Portfolio Concern no longer qualifies as a Small Business you may 
keep your investment in the concern and:
    (1) Subject to the overline limitations of Sec. 107.740, you may 
provide additional Financing to the concern up to the time it makes a 
public offering of its securities.
    (2) Even after the concern makes a public offering, you may exercise 
any stock options, warrants, or other rights to purchase Equity 
Securities which you acquired before the public offering, or fund 
Commitments you made before the public offering.
    (b) Effect of a change in business activity occurring within one 
year of Licensee's initial Financing--(1) Retention of Investment. 
Unless you receive SBA's written approval, you may not keep your 
investment in a Portfolio Concern, small or otherwise, which becomes 
ineligible by reason of a change in its business activity within one 
year of your initial investment.
    (2) Request for SBA's approval to retain investment. If you request 
that SBA approve the retention of your investment, your request must 
include sufficient evidence to demonstrate that the change in business 
activity was caused by an unforeseen change in circumstances and was not 
contemplated at the time the Financing was made.
    (3) Additional Financing. If SBA approves your request to retain an 
investment under paragraph (b)(2) of this section, you may provide 
additional Financing to the Portfolio Concern to the extent necessary to 
protect against the loss of the amount of your original investment, 
subject to the overline limitations of Sec. 107.740.
    (c) Effect of a change in business activity occurring more than one 
year after the initial Financing. If a Portfolio Concern becomes 
ineligible because of a change

[[Page 57]]

in business activity more than one year after your initial Financing you 
may:
    (1) Retain your investment; and
    (2) Provide additional Financing to the Portfolio Concern to the 
extent necessary to protect against the loss of the amount of your 
original investment, subject to the overline limitations of 
Sec. 107.740.

Structuring Licensee's Financing of Eligible Small Businesses: Types of 
                                Financing



Sec. 107.800  Financings in the form of Equity Securities.

    (a) You may purchase the Equity Securities of a Small Business. You 
may not, inadvertently or otherwise:
    (1) Become a general partner in any unincorporated business; or
    (2) Become jointly or severally liable for any obligations of an 
unincorporated business.
    (b) Definition. Equity Securities means stock of any class in a 
corporation, stock options, warrants, limited partnership interests in a 
limited partnership, membership interests in a limited liability 
company, or joint venture interests. If the Financing agreement contains 
debt-type acceleration provisions or includes redemption provisions 
other than those permitted under Sec. 107.850, the security will be 
considered a Debt Security for purposes of Sec. 107.855.



Sec. 107.810  Financings in the form of Loans.

    You may make Loans to Small Businesses. A Loan means a transaction 
evidenced by a debt instrument with no provision for you to acquire 
Equity Securities.



Sec. 107.815  Financings in the form of Debt Securities.

    You may purchase Debt Securities from Small Businesses.
    (a) Definition. Debt Securities are instruments evidencing a loan 
with an option or any other right to acquire Equity Securities in a 
Small Business or its Affiliates, or a loan which by its terms is 
convertible into an equity position. Consideration must be paid for all 
options that you acquire.
    (b) Restriction on options obtained by Licensee's management and 
employees. If you have outstanding Leverage or plan to obtain Leverage, 
your employees, officers, directors or general partners, or the general 
partners of the management company that is providing services to you or 
to your general partner, may obtain options in a Financed Small Business 
only if:
    (1) They participate in the Financing on a pari passu basis with 
you; or
    (2) SBA gives its prior written approval; or
    (3) The options received are compensation for service as a member of 
the board of directors of the Small Business, and such compensation does 
not exceed that paid to other outside directors. In the absence of such 
directors, fees must be reasonable when compared with amounts paid to 
outside directors of similar companies.



Sec. 107.820  Financings in the form of guarantees.

    At the request of a Small Business or where necessary to protect 
your existing investment, you may guarantee the monetary obligation of a 
Small Business to any non-Associate creditor.
    (a) You may not issue a guaranty if:
    (1) You would become subject to State regulation as an insurance, 
guaranty or surety business;
    (2) The amount of the guaranty plus any direct Financings to the 
Small Business exceed the overline limitations of Sec. 107.740, except 
that a pledge of the Equity Securities of the issuer or a subordination 
of your lien or creditor position does not count toward your overline; 
or
    (3) The total financing cost to the Small Business exceeds the cost 
of money limits of Sec. 107.855.
    (b) Pledge of Licensee's assets as guaranty. For purposes of this 
section, a guaranty with recourse only to specific asset(s) you have 
pledged is equal to the fair market value of such asset(s) or the amount 
of the debt guaranteed, whichever is less.



Sec. 107.825  Purchasing securities from an underwriter or other third party.

    (a) Securities purchased through or from an underwriter. You may 
purchase

[[Page 58]]

the securities of a Small Business through or from an underwriter if:
    (1) You purchase such securities within 90 days of the date the 
public offering is first made;
    (2) Your purchase price is no more than the original public offering 
price; and
    (3) The amount paid by you for the securities (less ordinary and 
reasonable underwriting charges and commissions) has been, or will be, 
paid to the Small Business, and the underwriter certifies in writing 
that this requirement has been met.
    (b) Recordkeeping requirements. If you have outstanding Leverage or 
plan to obtain Leverage, you must keep records available for SBA's 
inspection which show the relevant details of the transaction, 
including, but not limited to, date, price, commissions, and the 
underwriter's certifications required under paragraph (c) of this 
section.
    (c) Underwriter's requirements. If you have outstanding Leverage or 
plan to obtain Leverage, the underwriter must certify whether it is your 
Associate. You may pay reasonable and customary commissions and expenses 
to an Associate underwriter for the portion of an offering that you 
purchase, provided it is no more than 25 percent of the total offering. 
If you buy more than 25 percent of the offering, the amount you pay to 
the Associate underwriter must not exceed the total of the application 
and closing fees and reimbursable expenses permitted by Sec. 107.860.
    (d) Securities purchased from another Licensee or from SBA. You may 
purchase from, or exchange with, another Licensee, Portfolio securities 
(or any interest therein). Such purchase or exchange may only be made on 
a non-recourse basis. You may not have more than one-third of your total 
assets(valued at cost) invested in such securities. If you have 
previously sold Portfolio Securities (or any interest therein) on a 
recourse basis, you shall include the amount for which you may be 
contingently liable in your overline computation.
    (e) Purchases of securities from other non-issuers. You may purchase 
securities of a Small Business from a non-issuer not previously 
described in this Sec. 107.825 if:
    (1) Such acquisition is a reasonably necessary part of the overall 
sound Financing of the Small Business under the Act; or
    (2) The securities are acquired to finance a change of ownership 
under Sec. 107.750.

 Structuring Licensee's Financing of an Eligible Small Business: Terms 
                       and Conditions of Financing



Sec. 107.830  Minimum duration/term of financing.

    (a) General rule for Section 301(c) Licensees. If you are a Section 
301(c) Licensee, the duration/term of all your Financings must be for a 
minimum period of five years. Exception: You may finance a Disadvantaged 
Business for a minimum term of four years.
    (b) General rule for Section 301(d) Licensees. The duration/term of 
your Financings may be for a minimum period of four years.
    (c) Restrictions on mandatory redemption of Equity Securities. If 
you have acquired Equity Securities, options or warrants on terms that 
include redemption by the Small Business, you must not require 
redemption by the Small Business within the first five years of your 
acquisition except as permitted in Sec. 107.850.
    (d) Special rules for Loans and Debt Securities. (1) Term. The 
minimum term for Loans and Debt Securities starts with the first 
disbursement of the Financing.
    (2) Prepayment before five years. You must permit voluntary 
prepayment of Loans and Debt Securities by the Small Business at any 
time during the initial five year term. You must obtain SBA's prior 
written approval of any restrictions on the ability of the Small 
Business to prepay other than the imposition of a reasonable prepayment 
penalty under paragraph (d)(3) of this section.
    (3) Prepayment penalties. You may charge a reasonable prepayment 
penalty which must be agreed upon at the time of the Financing. If SBA 
determines that a prepayment penalty is unreasonable, you must refund 
the entire

[[Page 59]]

penalty to the Small Business. A prepayment penalty equal to 5 percent 
of the outstanding balance during the first year of any Financing, 
declining by one percentage point per year through the fifth year, is 
considered reasonable.



Sec. 107.835  Exceptions to minimum duration/term of Financing.

    You may make a Short-term Financing for a term less than five years 
if the Financing is:
    (a) An interim financing (for a period not to exceed one year) in 
contemplation of long-term Financing. The contemplated long-term 
Financing must be in an amount at least equal to the short-term 
Financing, and must be made by you alone or in participation with other 
investors; or
    (b) For protection of your prior investment(s); or
    (c) For the purpose of Financing a change of ownership under 
Sec. 107.750. The total amount of such Financings may not exceed 20 
percent of your Loans and Investments (at cost) at the end of any fiscal 
year; or
    (d) For the purpose of aiding a Small Business in performing a 
contract awarded under a Federal, State, or local government set-aside 
program for ``minority'' or ``disadvantaged'' contractors.



Sec. 107.840  Maximum term of Financing.

    The maximum term of any Loan or Debt Security Financing must be no 
longer than 20 years.



Sec. 107.845  Maximum rate of amortization on Loans and Debt Securities.

    The principal of any Loan (or the loan portion of a Debt Security) 
with a term of five years or less cannot be amortized faster than 
straight line. If the term is greater than five years, the principal 
cannot be amortized faster than straight line for the first five years.



Sec. 107.850  Restrictions on redemption of Equity Securities.

    (a) A Portfolio Concern cannot be required to redeem Equity 
Securities earlier than five years from the date of the first closing 
unless:
    (1) The concern makes a public offering, or has a change of 
management or control, or files for protection under the provisions of 
the Bankruptcy Code, or materially breaches your Financing agreement; or
    (2) You make a follow-on investment, in which case the new 
securities may be redeemed in less than five years, but no earlier than 
the redemption date associated with your earliest Financing of the 
concern.
    (b) The redemption price must be either:
    (1) A fixed amount that is no higher than the price you paid for the 
securities; or
    (2) An amount that cannot be fixed or determined before the time of 
redemption. In this case, the redemption price must be based on:
    (i) A reasonable formula that reflects the performance of the 
concern (such as one based on earnings or book value); or
    (ii) The fair market value of the concern at the time of redemption, 
as determined by a professional appraisal performed under an agreement 
acceptable to both parties.
    (c) Any method for determining the redemption price must be agreed 
upon no later than the date of the first (or only) closing of the 
Financing.



Sec. 107.855  Interest rate ceiling and limitations on fees charged to Small Businesses (``Cost of Money'').

    ``Cost of Money'' means the interest and other consideration that 
you receive from a Small Business. Subject to lower ceilings prescribed 
by local law, the Cost of Money to the Small Business must not exceed 
the ceiling determined under this section.
    (a) Financings to which the Cost of Money rules apply. This section 
applies to all Loans and Debt Securities. As required by 
Sec. 107.800(b), you must include as Debt Securities any equity 
interests with redemption provisions that do not meet the restrictions 
in Sec. 107.850.
    (b) When to determine the Cost of Money ceiling for a Financing. You 
may determine your Cost of Money ceiling for a particular Financing as 
of the date you issue a Commitment or as of the date of the first 
closing of the Financing. Once determined, the Cost of

[[Page 60]]

Money ceiling remains fixed for the duration of the Financing.
    (c) How to determine the Cost of Money ceiling for a Financing. At a 
minimum, you may use a Cost of Money ceiling of 19 percent for a Loan 
and 14 percent for a Debt Security. To determine whether you may charge 
more, do the following:
    (1) Choose a base rate for your Cost of Money computation. The base 
rate may be either the Debenture Rate currently in effect plus the 
applicable Charge determined under Sec. 107.1130(d)(1), or your own 
``Cost of Capital'' as determined under paragraph (d) of this section.
    (2) For a Loan, add 11 percentage points to the base rate; for a 
Debt Security, add 6 percentage points. In either case, round the sum 
down to the nearest eighth of one percent.
    (3) If the result is more than 19 percent (for a Loan) or 14 percent 
(for a Debt Security), you may use it as your Cost of Money ceiling.
    (4) If two or more Licensees participate in the same Financing of a 
Small Business, the base rate used in this paragraph (c) is the highest 
of the following:
    (i) The current Debenture Rate plus the applicable Charge determined 
under Sec. 107.1130(d)(1);
    (ii) The Cost of Capital of the lead Licensee; or
    (iii) The weighted average of the Cost of Capital for all Licensees 
participating in the Financing.
    (d) How to determine your Cost of Capital. ``Cost of Capital'' is an 
optional computation of the weighted average interest rate you pay on 
your ``qualified borrowings''. ``Qualified borrowings'' means your 
Debentures together with your borrowings at or below the usual interest 
rate charged by banks in your locality on the date your loan was made.
    (1) For any fiscal year, you may compute your Cost of Capital:
    (i) As of the first day of your fiscal year, to remain in effect for 
the entire year; or
    (ii) As of the first day of every fiscal quarter during the fiscal 
year, to remain in effect for the duration of the quarter.
    (2) For each qualified borrowing outstanding at your last fiscal 
year or fiscal quarter end, multiply the ending principal balance (net 
of related unamortized fees) by the number of days during the past four 
fiscal quarters that the borrowing was outstanding, and divide the 
result by 365.
    (3) Add together the amounts computed for all borrowings under 
paragraph (d)(2) of this section. The result is your weighted average 
borrowings.
    (4) For all qualified borrowings outstanding at your last fiscal 
year or fiscal quarter end, determine the aggregate interest expense for 
the past four fiscal quarters, excluding amortization of loan fees. For 
the purposes of this paragraph (d)(4):
    (i) Interest expense on Debentures includes the 1 percent Charge 
paid by a Licensee under Sec. 107.1130(d)(1); and
    (ii) Section 301(d) Licensees with outstanding subsidized Debentures 
are presumed to have paid interest at the rate stated on the face of 
such Debentures, without regard to any subsidy paid by SBA.
    (5) Divide the interest expense from paragraph (d)(4) of this 
section by the weighted average borrowings from paragraph (d)(3) of this 
section, and multiply by 100. The result is your Cost of Capital, which 
you may use to compute a Cost of Money ceiling under paragraph (c) of 
this section.
    (e) SBA review of Cost of Capital computation. You must keep your 
Cost of Capital computations in a separate file available for SBA's 
review.
    (1) A computation that is kept in such a file and is audited by your 
independent public accountant is considered correct unless SBA 
demonstrates otherwise.
    (2) If a computation is not kept in such a file or is unaudited, you 
must prove its accuracy to SBA's satisfaction.
    (f) Charges included in the Cost of Money. The Cost of Money 
includes all interest, points, discounts, fees, royalties, profit 
participation, and any other consideration you receive from a Small 
Business, except for the specific exclusions in paragraph (g) of this 
section. For equity interests subject to the Cost of Money rules (see 
paragraph (a) of this section), you must include:

[[Page 61]]

    (1) The portion of the fixed redemption price that exceeds your 
original cost.
    (2) Any amount of a redemption that is paid out of accounts other 
than the Small Business's capital accounts (capital, paid-in surplus, or 
retained earnings of a corporation; or partners' capital of a 
partnership).
    (g) Charges excluded from the Cost of Money. You may exclude from 
the Cost of Money:
    (1) Discount on the loan portion of a Debt Security, if such 
discount exists solely as the result of the allocation of value to 
detachable stock purchase warrants in accordance with generally accepted 
accounting principles.
    (2) Closing fees, application fees, and expense reimbursements, each 
as permitted under Sec. 107.860.
    (3) Reasonable prepayment penalties permitted under 
Sec. 107.830(d)(3).
    (4) Out-of-pocket conveyance and/or recordation fees and taxes.
    (5) Reasonable closing costs.
    (6) Fees for management services as permitted under Sec. 107.900.
    (7) Reasonable and necessary out-of-pocket expenses you incur to 
monitor the Financing.
    (8) Board of director fees not in excess of those paid to other 
outside directors, if your board representation meets the requirements 
of Sec. 107.730(e).
    (9) A reasonable fee for arranging financing for a Small Business 
from a source that is neither a Licensee nor an Associate of yours. The 
Small Business must agree in writing to pay such a fee before you 
arrange the financing.
    (10) A one-time ``bonus'' that satisfies the requirements in 
paragraph (i) of this section.
    (11) The difference between the contractual interest rate of the 
Financing and a default rate of interest permitted as follows:
    (i) If a Small Business is in default, you may charge a default rate 
of interest as much as 7 percentage points higher than the contractual 
rate until the default is cured.
    (ii) For this purpose, ``default'' means either failure to pay an 
amount when due or failure to provide information required under the 
Financing documents.
    (h) How to evaluate compliance with the Cost of Money ceiling. You 
must determine whether a Financing is within the Cost of Money ceiling 
based on its discounted cash flows, as follows:
    (1) Beginning with the date of the first disbursement (``period 
zero''), identify your cash inflows and cash outflows for each period of 
the Financing. The appropriate period to use (such as years, quarters, 
or months) depends on how you have structured the disbursements and 
payments.
    (2) Discount the cash flows back to the first disbursement date 
using the Cost of Money ceiling from paragraph (d) of this section as 
the discount rate.
    (3) If the result is zero or less, the Financing is within the Cost 
of Money ceiling; if it is greater than zero, the Financing exceeds the 
Cost of Money ceiling.
    (i) ``Bonus'' paid by a Small Business. You may provide Financing to 
a Small Business that includes both a loan and a one-time ``bonus'' 
determined at the end of the loan term. For Cost of Money purposes, you 
must treat such a Financing as a Debt Security. You may exclude a bonus 
from the Cost of Money only if it is:
    (1) Computed on or after the date that the Financing is repaid in 
full or was originally due to be repaid in full, whichever is earlier;
    (2) Not fixed or determinable before the computation date; and
    (3) Fully contingent upon factor(s) that reflect the performance of 
the Small Business. The period for which such performance is measured 
must not extend beyond the Small Business's fiscal year end immediately 
following repayment of the Financing. You must demonstrate to SBA's 
satisfaction that the factor(s) used are appropriate indicators of 
performance. Examples of generally acceptable factors include net income 
and operating cash flow; examples of generally unacceptable factors 
include gross revenues or gross margin.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5867, Feb. 5, 1998]

[[Page 62]]



Sec. 107.860  Financing fees and expense reimbursements a Licensee may receive from a Small Business.

    You may collect Financing fees and receive expense reimbursements 
from a Small Business only as permitted under this Sec. 107.860.
    (a) Application fee. You may collect a nonrefundable application fee 
from a Small Business to review its Financing application. The 
application fee may be collected at the same time as the closing fee 
under paragraph (c) or (d) of this section, or earlier. The fee must be:
    (1) No more than 1 percent of the amount of Financing requested (or, 
if two or more Licensees participate in the Financing, their combined 
application fees are no more than 1 percent of the total Financing 
requested); and
    (2) Agreed to in writing by the Financing applicant.
    (b) SBA review of application fees. For any fiscal year, if the 
number of application fees you collect is more than twice the number of 
Financings closed, SBA in its sole discretion may determine that you are 
engaged in activities not contemplated by the Act, in violation of 
Sec. 107.500.
    (c) Closing fee--Loans. You may charge a closing fee on a Loan if:
    (1) The fee is no more than 2 percent of the Financing amount (or, 
if two or more Licensees participate in the Financing, their combined 
closing fees are no more than 2 percent of the total Financing amount); 
and
    (2) You charge the fee no earlier than the date of the first 
disbursement.
    (d) Closing fee--Debt or Equity Financings. You may charge a Closing 
Fee on a Debt Security or Equity Security Financing if:
    (1) The fee is no more than 4 percent of the Financing amount (or, 
if two or more Licensees participate in the Financing, their combined 
closing fees are no more than 4 percent of the total Financing amount); 
and
    (2) You charge the fee no earlier than the date of the first 
disbursement.
    (e) Limitation on dual fees. If another Licensee or an Associate of 
yours collects a transaction fee under Sec. 107.900(e) in connection 
with your Financing of a Small Business, the sum of the transaction fee 
and your application and closing fees cannot exceed the maximum 
application and closing fees permitted under this Sec. 107.860.
    (f) Expense reimbursements. You may charge a Small Business for the 
reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, other than Management Expenses, that 
you incur to process its Financing application. If SBA determines that 
any of your reimbursed expenses are unreasonable or are Management 
Expenses, SBA will require you to include such amounts in the Cost of 
Money or refund them to the Small Business.
    (g) Breakup fee. If a Small Business accepts your Commitment and 
then fails to close the Financing because it has accepted funds from 
another source, you may charge a ``breakup fee'' equal to the closing 
fee that you would have been permitted to charge under paragraph (c) or 
(d) of this section.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 41496, Aug. 9, 1996]



Sec. 107.865  Restrictions on Control of a Small Business by a Licensee.

    (a) General. You must not operate a business enterprise or function 
as a holding company exercising Control over a business enterprise. 
Neither you, nor you and your Associates, nor you and other Licensee(s) 
(in the latter two cases, the ``Investor Group'') may, except as set 
forth in this section, assume Control over a Small Business through 
management agreements, voting trusts, majority representation on the 
board of directors, or otherwise.
    (b) Presumption of Control. Control over a Small Business will be 
presumed to exist whenever you or the Investor Group own or control, 
directly or indirectly:
    (1) At least 50 percent of the outstanding voting securities, if 
there are fewer than 50 shareholders; or
    (2) More than 25 percent of the outstanding voting securities, if 
there are 50 or more shareholders; or
    (3) A block of at least 20 percent of the outstanding voting 
securities, if there are 50 or more shareholders and no other party 
holds a larger block.
    (c) Rebuttals to presumption of Control. A presumption of Control 
under paragraph (b) of this section is rebutted if:

[[Page 63]]

    (1) The management of the Small Business owns at least a 25 percent 
interest in the voting securities of the business; and
    (2) The management of the Small Business can elect at least 40 
percent of the board members of a corporation, general partners of a 
limited partnership, or managers of a limited liability company, as 
appropriate, and the Investor Group can elect no more than 40 percent. 
The balance of such officials may be elected through mutual agreement by 
management and the Investor Group.
    (d) Temporary Control permitted. You may acquire temporary Control:
    (1) Where reasonably necessary for the protection of your existing 
investment;
    (2) If there has been a material breach of the Financing agreement 
by the Small Business;
    (3) If there has been a substantial change in the Small Business's 
operations or products during the past 2 years, or such a change is the 
intended result of the Financing, and the Investor Group's Financing 
constitutes the Small Business's major source of capital; or
    (4) In the case of a Start-up Financing, if you or the Investor 
Group constitute the Small Business's major source of capital.
    (e) Control certification. If you take temporary Control of a Small 
Business under paragraph (d) of this section, you must file a Control 
certification with SBA within 30 days. The certification must state:
    (1) The date on which you took Control;
    (2) The basis for taking Control; and
    (3) Your agreement to relinquish Control within five years (although 
you may, under extraordinary circumstances, request SBA's approval of an 
extension beyond five years).
    (f) Control acquired through enforcement actions. If you retain or 
acquire Control through enforcement action, you must notify SBA 
immediately and submit a Control certification within 30 days.
    (g) Additional Financing for businesses under Licensee's Control. If 
you assume Control of a Small Business, you may later provide additional 
Financing, without an exemption under Sec. 107.730(a)(1).

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5867, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.880  Assets acquired in liquidation of Portfolio securities.

    You may acquire assets in full or partial liquidation of a Small 
Business's obligation to you under the conditions permitted by this 
Sec. 107.880. The assets may be acquired from the Small Business, a 
guarantor of its obligation, or another party.
    (a) Timely disposition of assets. You must dispose of assets 
acquired in liquidation of a Portfolio security within a reasonable 
period of time.
    (b) Permitted expenditures to preserve assets. (1) You may incur 
reasonably necessary expenditures to maintain and preserve assets 
acquired.
    (2) You may incur reasonably necessary expenditures for improvements 
to render such assets saleable.
    (3) You may make payments of mortgage principal and interest 
(including amounts in arrears when you acquired the asset), pay taxes 
when due, and pay for necessary insurance coverage.
    (c) SBA approval of expenditures. This paragraph (c) applies if you 
have outstanding Leverage or are applying for Leverage. Any application 
for SBA approval under this paragraph must specify all expenses 
estimated to be necessary pending disposal of the assets. Without SBA's 
prior written approval:
    (1) Your total expenditures under paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of 
this section plus your total Financing(s) to the Small Business must not 
exceed your overline limit under Sec. 107.740; and
    (2) Your total expenditures under paragraph (b) of this section plus 
your total Financing(s) to the Small Business must not exceed 35 percent 
of your Regulatory Capital.

                  Limitations on Disposition of Assets



Sec. 107.885  Disposition of assets to Licensee's Associates or to competitors of Portfolio Concern.

    (a) Sale of assets to Associate. Except with SBA's prior written 
approval, you are not permitted to dispose of assets

[[Page 64]]

(including assets acquired in liquidation) to any Associate if you have 
outstanding Leverage or Earmarked Assets. As a prerequisite to such 
approval, you must demonstrate that the proposed terms of disposal are 
at least as favorable to you as the terms obtainable elsewhere.
    (b) Sale of assets to competitor of Small Business. Except with the 
prior written approval of the Portfolio Concern (if it is not under your 
Control) or of SBA, you are not permitted to dispose of Portfolio 
securities to a competitor of such concern. If SBA's prior approval is 
not required, you must promptly notify SBA of any such disposal.

                      Management Services and Fees



Sec. 107.900  Management fees for services provided to a Small Business by Licensee or its Associate.

    This Sec. 107.900 applies to management services that you or your 
Associate provide to a Small Business during the term of a Financing or 
prior to Financing. It does not apply to management services that you or 
your Associate provide to a Small Business that you do not finance. Fees 
permitted under this section are not included in the Cost of Money (see 
Sec. 107.855).
    (a) Permitted management fees. You or your Associate may provide 
management services to a Small Business financed by you if:
    (1) You or your Associate have entered into a written contract with 
the Small Business;
    (2) The fees charged are for services actually performed;
    (3) Services are provided on an hourly fee, project fee, or other 
reasonable basis; and
    (4) You can demonstrate to SBA, upon request, that the rate does not 
exceed the prevailing rate charged for comparable services by other 
organizations in the geographic area of the Small Business.
    (b) Fees for service as a board member. You or your Associate may 
receive fees in the form of cash, warrants, or other payments, for 
services provided as members of the board of directors of a Small 
Businesses Financed by you. The fees must not exceed those paid to other 
outside board members. In the absence of such board members, fees must 
be reasonable when compared with amounts paid to outside directors of 
similar companies.
    (c) SBA approval required. You must obtain SBA's prior written 
approval of any management contract that does not satisfy paragraphs (a) 
or (b) of this section.
    (d) Recordkeeping requirements. You must keep a record of hours 
spent and amounts charged to the Small Business, including expenses 
charged.
    (e) Transaction fees. (1) You may charge reasonable transaction fees 
for work you or your Associate perform to prepare a client for a public 
offering, private offering, or sale of all or part of the business, and 
for assisting with the transaction. Compensation may be in the form of 
cash, notes, stock, and/or options.
    (2) Your Associate may charge market rate investment banking fees to 
a Small Business on that portion of a Financing that you do not provide.



      Subpart H--Non-leveraged Licensees--Exceptions to Regulations



Sec. 107.1000  Licensees without Leverage--exceptions to the regulations.

    The regulatory exceptions in this section apply to Licensees with no 
outstanding Leverage or Earmarked Assets.
    (a) You are exempt from the following provisions (but you must come 
into compliance with them to become eligible for Leverage):
    (1) The overline limitation in Sec. 107.740.
    (2) The restrictions in Sec. 107.530 on investments of idle funds, 
provided you do not engage in activities not contemplated by the Act.
    (3) The restrictions in Sec. 107.550 on third-party debt.
    (4) The restrictions in Sec. 107.880 on expenses incurred to 
maintain or improve assets acquired in liquidation of Portfolio 
securities.
    (5) The recordkeeping requirements and fee limitations in 
Sec. 107.825 (b) and (c), respectively, for securities purchased through 
or from an underwriter.
    (b) You are exempt from the requirements to obtain SBA's prior 
approval for:

[[Page 65]]

    (1) A decrease in your Regulatory Capital of more than two percent 
under Sec. 107.585 (but not below the minimum required under the Act or 
these regulations). You must report the reduction to SBA within 30 days.
    (2) Disposition of any asset to your Associate under Sec. 107.885.
    (3) A contract to employ an Investment Adviser/Manager under 
Sec. 107.510. However, you must notify SBA of the Management Expenses to 
be incurred under such contract, or of any subsequent material changes 
in such Management Expenses, within 30 days of execution. In order to 
become eligible for Leverage, you must have the contract approved by 
SBA.
    (4) Your initial Management Expenses under Sec. 107.140 and 
increases in your Management Expenses under Sec. 107.520. However, you 
must have your Management Expenses approved by SBA in order to become 
eligible for Leverage.
    (5) Options obtained from a Small Business by your management or 
employees under Sec. 107.815(b).
    (c) You are exempt from the requirement in Sec. 107.680 to obtain 
SBA's post approval of new directors and new officers, other than your 
chief operating officer. However, you must notify SBA of the new 
directors or officers within 30 days, and you must have all directors 
and officers approved by SBA in order to become eligible for Leverage.



      Subpart I--SBA Financial Assistance for Licensees (Leverage)

              General Information About Obtaining Leverage



Sec. 107.1100  Types of Leverage and application forms.

    (a) Types of Leverageable available. You may apply for Leverage from 
SBA in one or both of the following forms:
    (1) The purchase or guarantee of your Debentures.
    (2) The purchase or guarantee of your Participating Securities.
    (b) Application forms. Use SBA Form 1022 to apply for Debentures and 
SBA Form 1022B to apply for Participating Securities.
    (c) Where to send your application. Send all Leverage applications 
to SBA, Investment Division, 409 Third Street, S.W., Washington, DC 
20416.

[63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1120  General eligibility requirements for Leverage.

    To be eligible for Leverage, you must:
    (a) Demonstrate a need for Leverage, evidenced by your investment 
activity and a lack of sufficient funds for investment. For your first 
issuance of Leverage, if you have invested at least 50 percent of your 
Leverageable Capital, you are presumed to lack sufficient funds for 
investment.
    (b) Have adequate Private Capital to satisfy the requirements for 
financial viability under Sec. 107.200.
    (c) Meet the minimum capital requirements of Sec. 107.210, subject 
to the following additional conditions:
    (1) If you were licensed after September 30, 1996 under the 
exception in Sec. 107.210(a)(1), you will not be eligible for Leverage 
until you have Regulatory Capital of at least $5,000,000.
    (2) If you were licensed on or before September 30, 1996, and have 
Regulatory Capital of less than $5,000,000 (less than $10,000,000 if you 
wish to issue Participating Securities):
    (i) You must certify in writing that at least 50 percent of the 
aggregate dollar amount of your Financings extended after September 30, 
1996 will be provided to Smaller Enterprises (as defined in 
Sec. 107.710(a)); and
    (ii) You must demonstrate to SBA's satisfaction that the approval of 
Leverage will not create or contribute to an unreasonable risk of 
default or loss to the United States government, based on such 
measurements of profitability and financial viability as SBA deems 
appropriate.
    (d) Certify in writing that you are in compliance with the 
requirement to finance Smaller Enterprises in Sec. 107.710(b).
    (e) Show, to the satisfaction of SBA, that your management is 
qualified and has the knowledge, experience, and capability necessary 
for investing in the types of businesses contemplated by the Act, the 
regulations in this part and your business plan.

[[Page 66]]

    (f) Be in compliance with the regulations in this part.
    (g) If required by SBA, have your Control Person(s) assume, in 
writing, personal responsibility for your Leverage, effective only if 
such Control Person(s) participate (directly or indirectly) in a 
transfer of Control not approved by SBA.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1130  Leverage fees and additional charges payable by Licensee.

    (a) Leverage fee. You must pay a leverage fee to SBA for each 
issuance of a Debenture or Participating Security. The fee is 3 percent 
of the face amount of the Leverage issued.
    (b) Payment of leverage fee. (1) If you issue a Debenture or 
Participating Security to repay or redeem existing Leverage, you must 
pay the leverage fee before SBA will guarantee or purchase the new 
Leverage security.
    (2) If you issue a Debenture or Participating Security that is not 
used to repay or redeem existing Leverage, SBA will deduct the leverage 
fee from the proceeds remitted to you, unless you prepaid the fee under 
Sec. 107.1210.
    (c) Refundability. The leverage fee is not refundable under any 
circumstances.
    (d) Additional charge for Leverage.--(1) Debentures. You must pay to 
SBA a Charge of 1 percent per annum on the outstanding amount of your 
Debentures issued on or after October 1, 1996, payable under the same 
terms and conditions as the interest on the Debentures. This Charge does 
not apply to Debentures issued pursuant to a Leverage commitment 
obtained from SBA on or before September 30, 1996.
    (2) Participating Securities. You must pay to SBA a Charge of 1 
percent per annum on the outstanding amount of your Participating 
Securities issued on or after October 1, 1996, payable under the same 
terms and conditions as the Prioritized Payments on the Participating 
Securities. This Charge does not apply to Participating Securities 
issued pursuant to a Leverage commitment obtained from SBA on or before 
September 30, 1996.
    (e) Other Leverage fees. SBA may establish a fee structure for 
services performed by the CRA. SBA will not collect any fee for its 
guarantee of TCs.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1140  Licensee's acceptance of SBA remedies under Secs. 107.1800 through 107.1820.

    If you issue Leverage after April 25, 1994, you automatically agree 
to the terms and conditions in Secs. 107.1800 through 107.1820 as they 
exist at the time of issuance. The effect of these terms and conditions 
is the same as if they were fully incorporated in the terms of your 
Leverage.

       Maximum Amount of Leverage for Which a Licensee Is Eligible



Sec. 107.1150  Maximum amount of Leverage for a Section 301(c) Licensee.

    (a) Maximum amount of Leverage. If you are a Section 301(c) 
Licensee, use the following table to determine the maximum amount of 
Leverage you may have outstanding at any time:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Then your maximum Leverage
     If your Leverageable Capital is:                    is:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Not over $15,000,000......................  300% of Leverageable
                                             Capital.
Over $15,000,000 but not over $30,000,000.  $45,000,000 + [200% of
                                             [Leverageable Capital--
                                             $15,000,000)].
Over $30,000,000 but not over $45,000,000.  $75,000,000 + [100% of
                                             [(Leverageable Capital--
                                             $30,000,000)].
Over $45,000,000..........................  $90,000,000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Exceptions to maximum Leverage provisions--(1) Licensees under 
Common Control. Two or more Licensees under Common Control may have 
aggregate outstanding Leverage over $90,000,000 only if SBA gives them 
permission to do so. SBA may grant such permission on a case-by-case 
basis only. SBA may impose any terms and conditions SBA considers 
appropriate to minimize its risk of loss in the event of default.
    (2) Licensees with excess Leverage issued before March 31, 1993. If 
you had outstanding Debentures on March 31, 1993 that exceeded 300 
percent of your Leverageable Capital:
    (i) You do not have to prepay the excess amount.
    (ii) You may apply for an additional Debenture guarantee or 
Participating

[[Page 67]]

Security guarantee if you use the proceeds solely to pay the amount due 
at maturity on a Debenture issued before March 31, 1993. The new 
Debenture or Participating Security must mature on or before September 
30, 2002.
    (iii) You must maintain at least 65 percent of your ``Total Funds 
Available for Investment'' in ``Venture Capital Financings'' (as defined 
in Sec. 107.1160(e) and (f), respectively) until your outstanding 
Debentures no longer exceed 300 percent of your Leverageable Capital.
    (3) Maximum amount of Participating Securities. See Sec. 107.1170.



Sec. 107.1160  Maximum amount of Leverage for a Section 301(d) Licensee.

    This section applies to Leverage issued by a Section 301(d) Licensee 
on or before September 30, 1996. Effective October 1, 1996, a Section 
301(d) Licensee may apply to issue new Leverage, or refinance existing 
Leverage, only on the same terms permitted under Sec. 107.1150.
    (a) Maximum amount of subsidized Leverage. (1) ``Subsidized 
Leverage'' means Debentures with a reduced interest rate and Preferred 
Securities. If you are a Section 301(d) Licensee:
    (i) The maximum amount of subsidized Leverage you may have 
outstanding at any time is the lesser of 400 percent of your 
Leverageable Capital, or $35,000,000. The same limit applies to a group 
of Section 301(d) Licensees under Common Control.
    (ii) The maximum amount of Preferred Securities you may have 
outstanding at any time is 200 percent of your Leverageable Capital.
    (2) Certain types and amounts of subsidized Leverage have special 
eligibility requirements (see paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section).
    (b) Maximum amount of total Leverage. Use Sec. 107.1150 (a) and 
(b)(1) to determine your maximum amount of Leverage as if you were a 
Section 301(c) Licensee. If the result is more than your maximum 
subsidized Leverage, then this is your maximum total (subsidized plus 
non-subsidized) Leverage. Otherwise, your maximum total Leverage is the 
same as your maximum subsidized Leverage. For Participating Securities, 
see Sec. 107.1170.
    (c) Special eligibility requirements for fourth tier of Leverage. A 
``fourth tier of Leverage'' is any amount of outstanding Leverage in 
excess of 300 percent of your Leverageable Capital.
    (1) To qualify for a fourth tier of Leverage, you must have invested 
(or have Commitments to invest) at least 30 percent of your ``Total 
Funds Available for Investment'' in ``Venture Capital Financings'' (see 
the definitions in paragraphs (e) and (f) of this section).
    (2) While you have a fourth tier of Leverage, you must maintain 
Venture Capital Financings (at cost) that equal at least 30 percent of 
your Total Funds Available for Investment.
    (d) Special eligibility requirements for second tier of Preferred 
Securities. A ``second tier of Preferred Securities'' is any amount of 
outstanding Preferred Securities in excess of 100 percent of your 
Leverageable Capital.
    (1) To qualify for a second tier of Preferred Securities:
    (i) If your license was issued after October 13, 1971, you must have 
at least $500,000 of Leverageable Capital.
    (ii) You must have invested (or have Commitments to invest) at least 
the same dollar amount in Venture Capital Financings.
    (2) While you have a second tier of Preferred Securities, you must 
maintain at least the same dollar amount of Venture Capital Financings 
(at cost).
    (e) Definition of ``Total Funds Available for Investment''. Total 
Funds Available for Investment means the result obtained from the 
following formula:

T = .90  x  (CA + LI)

Where:

T = Total funds available for investment
CA = Total current assets
LI = Total Loans and Investment at cost (as reported on SBA Form 468), 
net of current maturities

    (f) Definition of ``Venture Capital Financing''. Venture Capital 
Financing means an investment represented by common or preferred stock, 
a limited partnership interest, or a similar ownership interest; or by 
an unsecured debt instrument that is subordinated by its terms to all 
other borrowings of the issuer.

[[Page 68]]

    (1) A debt secured by any agreement with a third party is not a 
Venture Capital Financing, whether or not you have a security interest 
in any asset of the third party or have recourse against the third 
party.
    (2) A Financing that originally qualified as a Venture Capital 
Financing will continue to qualify (at its original cost), even if you 
later must report it on SBA Form 468 under either Assets Acquired in 
Liquidation of Portfolio Securities or Operating Concerns Acquired.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1170  Maximum amount of Participating Securities for any Licensee.

    The maximum amount of Participating Securities you may have 
outstanding at any time is 200 percent of your Leverageable Capital. If 
you are a Section 301(d) Licensee, the maximum combined amount of 
Participating Securities and Preferred Securities you may have 
outstanding at any time is 200 percent of your Leverageable Capital.

    Conditional Commitments by SBA To Reserve Leverage for a Licensee



Sec. 107.1200  SBA's Leverage commitment to a Licensee--application procedure, amount, and term.

    (a) General. Under the provisions in Secs. 107.1200 through 
107.1240, you may apply for SBA's conditional commitment to reserve a 
specific amount and type of Leverage for your future use. You may then 
apply to draw down Leverage against the commitment.
    (b) Applying for a Leverage commitment. SBA will notify you when it 
is accepting requests for Leverage commitments. Upon receipt of your 
request, SBA will send you a complete application package.
    (c) Limitations on the amount of a Leverage commitment. The amount 
of a Leverage commitment must be a multiple of $5,000.
    (d) Term of Leverage commitment. SBA's Leverage commitment will 
automatically lapse on the expiration date stated in the commitment 
letter issued to you by SBA.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1210  Payment of leverage fee upon receipt of commitment.

    (a) Partial prepayment of leverage fee. As a condition of SBA's 
Leverage commitment, and before you draw any Leverage under such 
commitment, you must pay to SBA a non-refundable fee equal to 1 percent 
of the face amount of the Debentures or Participating Securities 
reserved under the commitment. This amount represents a partial 
prepayment of the 3 percent leverage fee established under 
Sec. 107.1130(a).
    (b) Automatic cancellation of commitment. Unless you pay the fee 
required under paragraph (a) of this section by 5:00 P.M. Eastern Time 
on the 30th calendar day following the issuance of SBA's Leverage 
commitment, the commitment will be automatically canceled.

[63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1220  Requirement for Licensee to file quarterly financial statements.

    As long as any part of SBA's Leverage commitment is outstanding, you 
must give SBA a Financial Statement on SBA Form 468 (Short Form) as of 
the close of each quarter of your fiscal year (other than your fourth 
fiscal quarter, which is covered by your annual filing of Form 468 under 
Sec. 107.630(a)). You must file this form within 30 days after the close 
of the quarter, or with any request for a draw that you make within such 
30-day period. You will not be eligible for a draw if you are not in 
compliance with this Sec. 107.1220.



Sec. 107.1230  Draw-downs by Licensee under SBA's Leverage commitment.

    (a) Licensee's authorization of SBA to purchase or guarantee 
securities. By submitting a request for a draw against SBA's Leverage 
commitment, you authorize SBA, or any agent or trustee SBA designates, 
to guarantee your Debenture or Participating Security and to sell it 
with SBA's guarantee.
    (b) Limitations on amount of draw. The amount of a draw must be a 
multiple of

[[Page 69]]

$5,000. SBA, in its discretion, may determine a minimum dollar amount 
for draws against SBA's Leverage commitments. Any such minimum amounts 
will be published in Notices in the Federal Register from time to time.
    (c) Effect of regulatory violations on Licensee's eligibility for 
draws--(1) General rule. You are eligible to make a draw against SBA's 
Leverage commitment only if you are in compliance with all applicable 
provisions of the Act and SBA regulations (i.e., no unresolved statutory 
or regulatory violations).
    (2) Exception to general rule. If you are not in compliance, you may 
still be eligible for draws if:
    (i) SBA determines that your outstanding violations are of non-
substantive provisions of the Act or regulations and that you have not 
repeatedly violated any non-substantive provisions; or
    (ii) You have agreed with SBA on a course of action to resolve your 
violations and such agreement does not prevent you from issuing 
Leverage.
    (d) Procedures for funding draws. You may request a draw at any time 
during the term of the commitment. With each request, submit the 
following documentation:
    (1) If your request is submitted within 30 days following the close 
of your fiscal quarter, a Financial Statement on SBA Form 468 (Short 
Form) prepared as of the close of that fiscal quarter; otherwise, a 
statement certifying that there has been no material adverse change in 
your financial condition since your last filing of SBA Form 468 (Long or 
Short Form).
    (2) A statement certifying that to the best of your knowledge and 
belief, you are in compliance with all provisions of the Act and SBA 
regulations (i.e., no unresolved regulatory or statutory violations), or 
a statement listing any specific violations you are aware of. Either 
statement must be executed by one of the following:
    (i) An officer of the Licensee;
    (ii) An officer of a corporate general partner of the Licensee; or
    (iii) An individual who is authorized to act as or for a general 
partner of the Licensee.
    (3) A statement that the proceeds are needed to fund one or more 
particular Small Businesses. If required by SBA, the statement must 
include the name and address of each Small Business, and the amount and 
anticipated closing date of each proposed Financing.
    (e) Reporting requirements after drawing funds. (1) Within 30 
calendar days after the actual closing date of each Financing funded 
with the proceeds of your draw, you must file an SBA Form 1031 
confirming the closing of the transaction.
    (2) If SBA required you to provide information concerning a specific 
planned Financing under paragraph (d)(3) of this section, and such 
Financing has not closed within 60 calendar days after the anticipated 
closing date, you must give SBA a written explanation of the failure to 
close.
    (3) If you do not comply with this paragraph (e), you will not be 
eligible for additional draws. SBA may also determine that you are not 
in compliance with the terms of your Leverage under Secs. 107.1810 or 
107.1820.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1240  Funding of Licensee's draw request through sale to short-term investor.

    (a) Licensee's authorization of SBA to arrange sale of securities to 
short-term investor. By submitting a request for a draw of Debenture or 
Participating Security Leverage, you authorize SBA, or any agent or 
trustee SBA designates, to enter into any agreements (and to bind you to 
such agreements) necessary to accomplish:
    (1) The sale of your Debenture or Participating Security to a short-
term investor at a rate that may be different from the Trust Certificate 
Rate which will be established at the time of the pooling of your 
security;
    (2) The purchase of your security from the short-term investor, 
either by you or on your behalf; and
    (3) The pooling of your security with other securities with the same 
maturity date.
    (b) Sale of Debentures to a short-term investor. If SBA sells your 
Debenture to a short-term investor:
    (1) The sale price will be the face amount.

[[Page 70]]

    (2) At the next scheduled date for the sale of Debenture Trust 
Certificates, whether or not the sale actually occurs, you must pay 
interest to the short-term investor for the short-term period. If the 
actual sale of Trust Certificates takes place after the scheduled date, 
you must pay the short-term investor interest from the scheduled sale 
date to the actual sale date. This additional interest is due on the 
actual sale date.
    (3) Failure to pay the interest constitutes noncompliance with the 
terms of your Leverage (see Sec. 107.1810).
    (c) Sale of Participating Securities to a short-term investor. If 
SBA sells your Participating Security to a short-term investor, the sale 
price will be the face amount.
    (d) Licensee's right to repurchase its Debentures before pooling. 
You may repurchase your Debentures from the short-term investor before 
they are pooled. To do so, you must:
    (1) Give SBA written notice at least 10 days before the cut-off date 
for the pool in which your Debenture is to be included; and
    (2) Pay the face amount of the Debenture, plus interest, to the 
short-term investor.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5868, Feb. 5, 1998]

         Preferred Securities Leverage--Section 301(d) Licensees



Sec. 107.1400  Dividends or partnership distributions on 4 percent Preferred Securities.

    If you issued Preferred Securities to SBA on or after November 21, 
1989, you must pay SBA a dividend or partnership distribution of 4 
percent per year, from the date you issued Preferred Securities to the 
date you repay them, both inclusive. The dividend or partnership 
distribution is:
    (a) Computed on the par value of the outstanding stock or the face 
value of the outstanding limited partnership interest.
    (b) Cumulative. This means that if you do not pay the entire 
dividend or partnership distribution for a given fiscal year, the unpaid 
balance accumulates as a distribution in arrears. You do not have to pay 
interest on distributions in arrears.
    (c) Preferred. This means that you must pay SBA in full (including 
distributions in arrears) before setting aside or paying any amount to 
any other equity holder.
    (d) Payable at the discretion of your Board of Directors or General 
Partner(s), except that all distributions in arrears must be paid in 
full when you redeem the Preferred Securities.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5869, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1410  Requirement to redeem 4 percent Preferred Securities.

    You must redeem 4 percent Preferred Securities not later than 15 
years from the date of issuance. At the redemption date, you must pay to 
SBA:
    (a) The par value (of preferred stock) or face value (of a preferred 
limited partnership interest); plus
    (b) Any unpaid dividends or partnership distributions accrued to the 
redemption date.



Sec. 107.1420  Articles requirements for 4 percent Preferred Securities.

    If you have outstanding 4 percent Preferred Securities, your 
Articles must contain all the provisions in Secs. 107.1400 and 107.1410.

[63 FR 5869, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1430  Redeeming 4 percent Preferred Securities with proceeds of non-subsidized Debentures.

    If SBA approves, a Section 301(d) Licensee may use the proceeds of a 
Debenture to redeem Preferred Securities at their mandatory redemption 
date, including any accrued unpaid dividends or partnership 
distributions.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5869, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1440  Three percent preferred stock issued before November 21, 1989.

    Before November 21, 1989, Preferred Securities were available only 
in the form of preferred stock and had a preferred and cumulative 
dividend of 3 percent. If you have such preferred stock outstanding, you 
must follow

[[Page 71]]

Sec. 107.1400 (except for Sec. 107.1400(d)), substituting ``3 percent'' 
for ``4 percent'' throughout.) Dividends on 3 percent preferred stock 
are payable at the discretion of your Board of Directors or General 
Partner(s), except that all dividends in arrears must be paid in full 
before any non-SBA investor receives any distribution. Upon your 
liquidation, SBA is entitled to payment of all dividends in arrears even 
if you have no Retained Earnings Available for Distribution at such 
time.



Sec. 107.1450  Optional redemption of Preferred Securities.

    (a) Redemption at par or face value. A Section 301(d) Licensee may 
redeem Preferred Securities at any time, provided you give SBA at least 
30 days written notice. You may redeem all or only part of your 
Preferred Securities, but the par value or face value of the securities 
being redeemed must be at least $50,000. At the redemption date, you 
must pay to SBA:
    (1) The par value (of preferred stock) or face value (of a preferred 
limited partnership interest); plus
    (2) Any unpaid dividends or partnership distributions accrued to the 
redemption date.
    (b) Repurchase of 3 percent preferred stock for less than par value. 
If you issued 3 percent preferred stock to SBA, you may ask SBA to sell 
it back to you at a price less than its par value. The terms and 
conditions of any such transaction will be as set forth in the Notice 
published in the Federal Register on April 1, 1994 (Copies of this 
notice are available from SBA, 409 3rd Street, SW., Washington, DC, 
20416). SBA has sole discretion to:
    (1) Approve or disapprove the sale.
    (2) Determine the sale price after considering any factors SBA 
considers appropriate.
    (3) Determine the form of payment SBA will accept. SBA is not 
authorized to accept the proceeds of a subsidized Debenture as payment.

                    Participating Securities Leverage



Sec. 107.1500  General description of Participating Securities.

    (a) Types of Participating Securities. Participating Securities are 
redeemable, preferred, equity-type securities. SBA may purchase or 
guarantee Participating Securities issued by Licensees in the form of 
limited partnership interests, preferred stock, or debentures with 
interest payable only to the extent of earnings. The structure, terms 
and conditions of Participating Securities are set forth in detail in 
Secs. 107.1500 through 107.1590.
    (b) Special eligibility requirements for Participating Securities. 
In addition to the general eligibility requirements for Leverage under 
Sec. 107.1120, Participating Securities issuers must also comply with 
special rules on:
    (1) Minimum capital (see Sec. 107.210).
    (2) Liquidity (see Sec. 107.1505).
    (3) Non-SBA borrowing (see Sec. 107.570).
    (4) Equity investing, as set forth in this paragraph (b)(4). If you 
issue Participating Securities, you must invest an amount equal to the 
Original Issue Price of such securities solely in Equity Capital 
Investments, as defined in Sec. 107.50.
    (c) Special features of Participating Securities--Prioritized 
Payments, Adjustments, and Profit Participation. When you issue 
Participating Securities, you agree to make the following payments:
    (1) Prioritized Payments. Depending upon the type of Participating 
Security you issue, Prioritized Payments may be preferred partnership 
distributions, preferred dividends, or interest. Your obligation to pay 
Prioritized Payments is contingent upon your profits as determined under 
Sec. 107.1520.
    (2) Adjustments to Prioritized Payments. If you have unpaid 
Prioritized Payments, you must compute Adjustments, which are additional 
contingent obligations determined under Sec. 107.1520. The conditions 
for paying Adjustments are the same as for Prioritized Payments.
    (3) SBA Profit Participation. Profit Participation is an amount 
payable to SBA under Sec. 107.1530 in consideration for SBA's guarantee 
of your Participating Securities.
    (d) Distributions by Licensees issuing Participating Securities. 
Sections 107.1540 through 107.1580 govern both required and optional 
Distributions by Participating Securities issuers. Distributions include 
both profit distributions and

[[Page 72]]

returns of capital, paid either to SBA or to your non-SBA investors.
    (e) Mandatory redemption of Participating Securities. You must 
redeem Participating Securities at the redemption date, which is the 
same as the maturity date of the Trust Certificates for the Trust 
containing such securities. The redemption date can never be later than 
15 years after the issue date. You must pay the Redemption Price plus 
any unpaid Earned Prioritized Payments and any earned Adjustments and 
earned Charges (see Sec. 107.1520).
    (f) Priority of Participating Securities in liquidation of Licensee. 
In the event of your liquidation, the following are senior in priority, 
for all purposes, to all other equity interests you have issued at any 
time:
    (1) The Redemption Price of Participating Securities;
    (2) Any Earned Prioritized Payments and any earned Adjustments and 
earned Charges (see Sec. 107.1520); and
    (3) Any Profit Participation allocated to SBA under Sec. 107.1530.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5869, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1505  Liquidity requirements for Licensees issuing Participating Securities.

    If you have outstanding Participating Securities, you must maintain 
sufficient liquidity to avoid a condition of Liquidity Impairment. Such 
a condition will constitute noncompliance with the terms of your 
Leverage under Sec. 107.1820(e).
    (a) Definition of Liquidity Impairment. A condition of Liquidity 
Impairment exists when your Liquidity Ratio, as determined in paragraph 
(b) of this section, is less than 1.20. You are responsible for 
calculating whether you have a condition of Liquidity Impairment:
    (1) As of the close of your fiscal year;
    (2) At the time you apply for Leverage, unless SBA permits 
otherwise; and
    (3) At such time as you contemplate making any Distribution.
    (b) Computation of Liquidity Ratio. Your Liquidity Ratio equals your 
Total Current Funds Available (A) divided by your Total Current Funds 
Required (B), as determined in the following table:

                     Calculation of Liquidity Ratio
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Amount
      Financial account          reported on     Weight      Weighted
                                SBA form 468                  amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Cash and invested idle     ..............   x 1.00    ..............
 funds.
(2) Commitments from           ..............   x 1.00    ..............
 investors.
(3) Current maturities.......  ..............   x 0.50    ..............
(4) Other current assets.....  ..............   x 1.00    ..............
(5) Publicly Traded and        ..............   x 1.00    ..............
 Marketable Securities.
(6) Anticipated operating                 (1)   x 1.00    ..............
 revenue for next 12 months.
(7) Total Current Funds        ..............  .........               A
 Available.
(8) Current liabilities......  ..............   x 1.00    ..............
(9) Commitments to Small       ..............   x 0.75    ..............
 Businesses.
(10) Anticipated operating                (1)   x 1.00    ..............
 expense for next 12 months.
(11) Anticipated interest                 (1)   x 1.00    ..............
 expense for next 12 months.
(12) Contingent liabilities    ..............   x 0.25    ..............
 (guarantees).
(13) Total Current Funds       ..............  .........               B
 Required.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ As determined by Licensee's management under its business plan.


[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5869, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1510  How a Licensee computes Earmarked Profit (Loss).

    Computing your Earmarked Profit (Loss) is the first step in 
determining your obligations to pay Prioritized Payments, Adjustments 
and Charges under Sec. 107.1520 and Profit Participation under 
Sec. 107.1530.
    (a) Requirement to compute your Earmarked Profit (Loss). While you 
have Participating Securities outstanding or have Earmarked Assets (as 
defined in paragraph (b) of this section), you must compute your 
Earmarked Profit (Loss) for:
    (1) Each full fiscal year.

[[Page 73]]

    (2) Any interim period (consisting of one or more fiscal quarters) 
for which you want to make a Distribution.
    (b) How to determine your Earmarked Assets. ``Earmarked Assets'' 
means all the Loans and Investments that you have when you issue 
Participating Securities or that you acquire while you have 
Participating Securities outstanding, and any non-cash assets that you 
receive in exchange for such Loans and Investments.
    (1) An Earmarked Asset remains earmarked until you dispose of it, 
even if you no longer have any outstanding Participating Securities.
    (2) Investments you make after redeeming all your Participating 
Securities are not Earmarked Assets. However, if you issue new 
Participating Securities, all of your Loans and Investments again become 
Earmarked Assets.
    (3) If you were licensed before March 31, 1993, you may be permitted 
to exclude Loans and Investments held at that date from Earmarked Assets 
under Sec. 107.1590.
    (c) How to compute your Earmarked Asset Ratio. You must determine 
your Earmarked Asset Ratio each time you compute Earmarked Profit 
(Loss). If all your Loans and Investments are Earmarked Assets, your 
Earmarked Asset Ratio equals 100 percent. Otherwise, compute your 
Earmarked Asset Ratio using the following formula:


EAR = (EA  LI)  x  100

where:

    EAR = Earmarked Asset Ratio.
    EA = Average Earmarked Assets (at cost) for the fiscal year or 
interim period.
    LI = Average Loans and Investments (at cost) for the fiscal year or 
interim period.

    (d) How to compute your Earmarked Profit (Loss) if Earmarked Asset 
Ratio is 100 percent. (1) (i) If your Earmarked Asset Ratio from 
paragraph (b) of this section is 100 percent, use the following formula 
to compute your Earmarked Profit (Loss):

EP = NI + IK + EME

where:

EP = Earmarked Profit (Loss)
NI = Net Income (Loss), as reported on SBA Form 468 except as otherwise 
provided in this paragraph (d)(1)
IK = Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) on Earmarked Assets that you 
are distributing as an In-Kind Distribution under Sec. 107.1580
EME = Excess Management Expenses

    (ii) For the purpose of determining Net Income (Loss), leverage fees 
paid to SBA and partnership syndication costs that you incur must be 
capitalized and amortized on a straight-line basis over not less than 
five years.
    (2) ``Excess Management Expenses'' are those that exceed the 
following limit:
    (i) For a full fiscal year, the limit is the lower of:
    (A) 2.5 percent of your weighted average Combined Capital for the 
year, plus $125,000 if Combined Capital is below $20,000,000; or
    (B) Your Management Expenses approved by SBA.
    (ii) For less than a full fiscal year, you must prorate the annual 
amounts in paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section to determine the limit.
    (e) How to compute your Earmarked Profit (Loss) if Earmarked Asset 
Ratio is less than 100 percent. If your Earmarked Asset Ratio is less 
than 100 percent, compute your Earmarked Profit (Loss) as follows:
    (1) Do the Earmarked Profit (Loss) computation in paragraph (d) of 
this section.
    (2) Subtract your net realized gain (loss) (as reported on SBA Form 
468) on Loans and Investments that are not Earmarked Assets.
    (3) Separate the result from paragraph (e)(2) of this section into:
    (i) Net realized gain (loss) (as reported on SBA Form 468) on 
Earmarked Assets (``EGL''); and
    (ii) The remainder (``R'').
    (4) Your Earmarked Profit (Loss) equals:

EGL + (R  x  Earmarked Asset Ratio)

    (f) How to compute your cumulative Earmarked Profit (Loss). Sum your 
Earmarked Profit (Loss) for all fiscal years and for any interim period 
following the end of your last fiscal year. The total is your cumulative 
Earmarked Profit (Loss), which you must

[[Page 74]]

use in the Prioritized Payment computations under Sec. 107.1520.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5870, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1520  How a Licensee computes and allocates Prioritized Payments to SBA.

    This section tells you how to compute Prioritized Payments, 
Adjustments and Charges on Participating Securities and determine the 
amounts you must pay. To distribute these amounts, see Sec. 107.1540.
    (a) How to compute Prioritized Payments and Adjustments--(1) 
Prioritized Payments. For a full fiscal year, the Prioritized Payment on 
an outstanding Participating Security equals the Redemption Price times 
the related Trust Certificate Rate. For an interim period, you must 
prorate the annual Prioritized Payment. If your Participating Security 
was sold to a short-term investor in accordance with Sec. 107.1240, the 
Prioritized Payment for the short-term period equals the Redemption 
Price times the short-term rate.
    (2) Adjustments. Compute Adjustments using paragraph (f) of this 
section.
    (3) Charges. Compute Charges in accordance with Sec. 107.1130(d)(2).
    (b) Licensee's obligation to pay Prioritized Payments, Adjustments 
and Charges. You are obligated to pay Prioritized Payments, Adjustments 
and Charges only if you have profit as determined in paragraph (d) of 
this section.
    (1) Prioritized Payments that you must pay (or have already paid) 
because you have sufficient profit are ``Earned Prioritized Payments''.
    (2) Prioritized Payments that have not become payable because you 
lack sufficient profit are ``Accumulated Prioritized Payments''. Treat 
all Prioritized Payments as ``Accumulated'' until they become ``Earned'' 
under this section.
    (3) Adjustments (computed under paragraph (f) of this section) and 
Charges (computed under Sec. 107.1130(d)(2)) are ``earned'' according to 
the same criteria applied to Prioritized Payments.
    (c) How to keep track of Prioritized Payments. You must establish 
three accounts to record your Accumulated and Earned Prioritized 
Payments:
    (1) Accumulation Account. The Accumulation Account is a memorandum 
account. Its balance represents your Accumulated Prioritized Payments, 
unearned Adjustments and unearned Charges.
    (2) Distribution Account. The Distribution Account is a liability 
account. Its balance represents your unpaid Earned Prioritized Payments, 
earned Adjustments and earned Charges.
    (3) Earned Payments Account. The Earned Payments Account is a 
memorandum account. Each time you add to the Distribution Account 
balance, add the same amount to the Earned Payments Account. Its balance 
represents your total (paid and unpaid) Earned Prioritized Payments, 
earned Adjustments and earned Charges.
    (d) How to determine your profit for Prioritized Payment purposes. 
As of the end of each fiscal year and any interim period for which you 
want to make a Distribution:
    (1) Bring the Accumulation Account up to date by adding to it all 
Prioritized Payments and Charges through the end of the appropriate 
fiscal period.
    (2) Determine whether you have profit for the purposes of this 
section by doing the following computation:
    (i) Cumulative Earmarked Profit (Loss) under Sec. 107.1510(f); minus
    (ii) The Earned Payments Account balance; minus
    (iii) All Distributions previously made under Secs. 107.1550, 
107.1560 and 107.1570(a); minus
    (iv) Any Profit Participation previously allocated to SBA under 
Sec. 107.1530, but not yet distributed.
    (3) The amount computed in paragraph (d)(2) of this section, if 
greater than zero, is your profit. If the amount is zero or less, you 
have no profit.
    (4) If you have a profit, continue with paragraph (e) of this 
section. Otherwise, continue with paragraph (f) of this section.
    (e) Allocating Prioritized Payments to the Distribution Account. (1) 
If you have a profit under paragraph (d) of this section, determine the 
lesser of:

[[Page 75]]

    (i) Your profit; or
    (ii) The balance in your Accumulation Account.
    (2) Subtract the result in paragraph (e)(1) of this section from the 
Accumulation Account and add it to the Distribution Account and the 
Earned Payments Account.
    (f) How to compute Adjustments. You must compute Adjustments as of 
the end of each fiscal year if you have a balance greater than zero in 
either your Accumulation Account or your Distribution Account, after 
giving effect to any Distribution that will be made no later than the 
second Payment Date following the fiscal year end.
    (1) Determine the combined average Accumulation Account and 
Distribution Account balances for the fiscal year, assuming that 
Prioritized Payments accumulate on a daily basis without compounding.
    (2) Multiply the average balance computed in paragraph (f)(1) of 
this section by the average of the Trust Certificate Rates for all the 
Participating Securities poolings during the fiscal year.
    (3) Add the amounts computed in this paragraph (f) to your 
Accumulation Account.
    (g) Licensee's obligation to pay Prioritized Payments after 
redeeming Participating Securities. This paragraph (g) applies if you 
have redeemed all your Participating Securities, but you still hold 
Earmarked Assets and still have a balance in your Accumulation Account.
    (1) You must continue to perform all the procedures in this section 
as of the end of each fiscal quarter and prior to making any 
Distribution. You must distribute any Earned Prioritized Payments, 
earned Adjustments and earned Charges in accordance with Sec. 107.1540.
    (2) After you dispose of all your Earmarked Assets and make any 
required Distributions in accordance with Sec. 107.1540, your obligation 
to pay any remaining Accumulated Prioritized Payments, unearned 
Adjustments and unearned Charges will be extinguished.

[63 FR 5870, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1530  How a Licensee computes SBA's Profit Participation.

    This section tells you how to compute SBA's Profit Participation. 
Profit Participation is included in the Distributions you make to SBA 
under Secs. 107.1550 and 107.1560.
    (a) How to compute Profit Participation. Profit Participation equals 
your ``Base'' times your ``Profit Participation Rate'' (if the Base is 
zero or less, you do not owe SBA Profit Participation). Compute the Base 
using paragraph (c) of this section and the Profit Participation Rate 
using paragraphs (d) through (g) of this section. You must compute your 
Earmarked Profit (Loss) under Sec. 107.1510 and your Prioritized 
Payments and Adjustments under Sec. 107.1520 before you can compute 
Profit Participation.
    (b) How to keep track of Profit Participation. You must establish a 
Profit Participation Account to record your computations under this 
section and payments under Secs. 107.1550 and 107.1560. Its balance 
represents your unpaid Profit Participation.
    (c) How to compute the Base. As of the end of each fiscal year and 
any year-to-date interim period for which you want to make a 
Distribution, compute your Base using the following formula:


B = EP-PPA-UL

where:
    B = Base.
    EP = Earmarked Profit (Loss) for the period from Sec. 107.1510.
    PPA = Prioritized Payments for the period from Sec. 107.1520(a)(1), 
Adjustments (if applicable) from Sec. 107.1520(f), and Charges (if 
applicable) from Sec. 107.1130(d)(2).
    UL = ``Unused Loss'' from prior periods as determined in this 
paragraph (c).

    (1) If the Base computed as of the end of your previous fiscal year 
(your ``Previous Base'') was less than zero, your Unused Loss equals 
your Previous Base.
    (2) If your Previous Base was zero or greater, your Unused Loss 
equals zero, with the following exception: If you made an interim 
Distribution of Profit Participation during your previous fiscal year, 
and your Previous Base was lower than the interim Base on which

[[Page 76]]

your Distribution was computed, then your Unused Loss equals the 
difference between the interim Base and the Previous Base. For example, 
assume you are computing your Base as of December 31, 1997, your fiscal 
year end. Your Previous Base, computed as of December 31, 1996, was 
$3,000,000. During 1996, you made an interim Distribution which was 
computed on a Base of $3,500,000 as of June 30, 1996. The $500,000 
difference between the 1996 interim and year-end Bases would be carried 
forward as Unused Loss in the computation of your Base as of December 
31, 1997.
    (3) If you had no Participating Securities outstanding as of the end 
of your last fiscal year, you may request SBA's approval to treat your 
Undistributed Net Realized Loss, as reported on SBA Form 468 for that 
year, as Unused Loss. If you did not file SBA Form 468 because you were 
not yet licensed as of the end of your last fiscal year, you may request 
SBA's approval to treat pre-licensing losses as Unused Loss.
    (d) How to compute the Profit Participation Rate. You must determine 
your Profit Participation Rate each time you compute a Base that is 
greater than zero. Compute the Rate by following the steps in paragraphs 
(e) through (g) of this section.
    (e) Compute the ``PLC ratio''. (1) General rule. The ``PLC ratio'' 
is the highest ratio of outstanding Participating Securities to 
Leverageable Capital that you have ever attained.
    (2) Exception. You may reduce the ratio computed under paragraph 
(e)(1) of this section if you have increased your Leverageable Capital 
above its highest previous level. The increase must have taken place at 
least 120 days before the date as of which your Base is computed. In 
addition, the increase must have been expressly provided for in a plan 
of operations submitted to and approved by SBA in writing, or must be 
the result of the takedown of commitments or the conversion of non-cash 
assets that were included in your Private Capital. If these conditions 
are satisfied, compute your reduced PLC ratio as follows:
    (i) Divide the highest dollar amount of Participating Securities you 
have ever had outstanding by your increased Leverageable Capital.
    (ii) If the result in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section is lower 
than your PLC ratio currently in effect, such result will become your 
new PLC ratio.
    (f) Compute the Profit Participation Rate (before indexing). Compute 
the Profit Participation Rate (before indexing) using the table in this 
paragraph (f). Then go to paragraph (g) of this section to determine 
whether to index the Profit Participation Rate.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
     If your PLC ratio is:       Then your Profit Participation Rate is:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 or less......................  9% x PLC Ratio.
More than 1....................  9%+[3% x (PLC ratio-1)].
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (g) Indexing the Profit Participation Rate. The Profit Participation 
Rate is indexed, up or down, to the yield-to-maturity on Treasury bonds 
with a remaining term of ten (10) years (the ``Treasury Rate''). You 
must perform the indexing procedures in this paragraph (g) unless the 
Treasury Rate was exactly 8 percent on every date that you issued 
Participating Securities.
    (1) Licensees that have issued Participating Securities on only one 
occasion. Determine the Treasury Rate for the date you issued your 
Participating Security. Adjust the Profit Participation Rate from 
paragraph (f) of this section by the percentage difference between the 
Treasury Rate and 8 percent. For example, assume that you issued 
Participating Securities when the Treasury Rate was 10 percent. The 
percentage difference between 10 percent and 8 percent is 25 percent. If 
you had a PLC ratio of 1, the Profit Participation Rate before indexing 
would be 9 percent. You would increase this rate by 25 percent, giving 
you a Profit Participation Rate of 11.25 percent.
    (2) Licensees that have issued Participating Securities on more than 
one occasion. Determine the Treasury Rate for each of the dates you 
issued Participating Securities.
    (i) Compute an average of all such Treasury Rates, weighted to 
reflect the dollar amount of each issuance (ignoring any redemptions) 
and the number of days from the date of each issuance to the date as of 
which you are computing the Profit Participation Rate.

[[Page 77]]

    Example to paragraph (g)(2)(i) of this section. If you issued $10 
million of Participating Securities on the 60th day of Fiscal Year 1 
when the Treasury Rate was 8 percent, and another $15 million on the 
100th day of Fiscal Year 3 when the Treasury Rate was 10 percent, then 
the weighted average Treasury Rate computed as of the end of Fiscal Year 
3 would be 8.55 percent. [Days elapsed since first issuance of 
Participating Securities = 1,035; days elapsed since second issuance of 
Participating Securities = 265; weighted amount of first issuance = 
$10,000,000  x  1,035/1,035 = $10,000,000; weighted amount of second 
issuance = $15,000,000  x  265/1035 = $3,840,579; weighted average 
amount of Participating Securities issued = $10,000,000 + $3,840,579 = 
$13,840,579; weighted average Treasury Rate= {(.08  x  $10,000,000) + 
(.10  x  $3,840,579)} / $13,840,579 = 8.55%]
    (ii) Adjust the Profit Participation Rate from paragraph (f) of this 
section by the percentage difference between the weighted average 
Treasury Rate and 8 percent. In the example given in paragraph (g)(2)(i) 
of this section, if the PLC ratio were equal to 2, the Profit 
Participation Rate for the fiscal year would be 12.83 percent. 
[{((.0855-.08) .08) + 1}  x  .12  x  100 = 12.83%]
    (h) Computing SBA's Profit Participation. If the Base from paragraph 
(c) of this section is greater than zero, you must compute SBA's Profit 
Participation as follows:
    (1) Multiply the Base from paragraph (c) of this section by the 
Profit Participation Rate from paragraph (g) of this section.
    (2) If your last Profit Participation computation was for an interim 
period during the same fiscal year and used a higher Profit 
Participation Rate than the Rate you just used in paragraph (h)(1) of 
this section, you must adjust the amount computed in paragraph (h)(1) of 
this section as follows:
    (i) Determine the difference between the Profit Participation Rate 
you just used in paragraph (h)(1) of this section and the Rate used in 
your previous computation;
    (ii) Multiply the difference by the Base from your last Profit 
Participation computation; and
    (iii) Add the result to the amount you computed in paragraph (h)(1) 
of this section.
    (3) Reduce the Profit Participation computed in paragraphs (h)(1) 
and (h)(2) of this section by any amounts of Profit Participation that 
you distributed or reserved for distribution to SBA, or its designated 
agent or Trustee, for any previous interim period(s) during the fiscal 
year. The result is SBA's Profit Participation (unless it is less than 
zero, in which case SBA's Profit Participation is zero).
    (i) Allocation of Profit Participation. Before any Distribution and 
in any case within 120 days following the end of your fiscal year, you 
must add the amount of Profit Participation computed under this 
Sec. 107.1530 to the Profit Participation Account. You must reserve 
funds equal to this amount for distribution to SBA, or its designated 
agent or Trustee; you may not reinvest these funds or use them for any 
other purpose.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 41496, Aug. 9, 1996, as amended at 63 
FR 5871, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1540  Distributions by Licensee--Prioritized Payments and Adjustments.

    After you compute Prioritized Payments and Adjustments under 
Sec. 107.1520, you must distribute them in accordance with this 
Sec. 107.1540. You must notify SBA of any planned distribution under 
this section 10 business days before the distribution date, unless SBA 
permits otherwise.
    (a) Requirement to distribute Prioritized Payments and Adjustments. 
This paragraph (a) applies only if you satisfy the liquidity requirement 
in Sec. 107.1505. All Distributions under this paragraph (a) go to SBA 
or its designated agent or trustee.
    (1) You must distribute the balance in your Distribution Account 
from Sec. 107.1520 annually on the first or second Payment Date 
following your fiscal year end, and on any date when you are making any 
other Distribution.
    (2) You may distribute all or part of the balance in your 
Distribution Account on any Payment Date regardless of whether you are 
making any other Distribution on that date.

[[Page 78]]

    (b) Additional requirement for Licensees with undistributed 
Prioritized Payments. This paragraph (b) applies if you do not 
distribute the full amount in your Distribution Account by the second 
Payment Date following the end of your fiscal year. At the end of each 
fiscal quarter, until you reduce the balance in your Distribution 
Account to zero, you must:
    (1) Do all the steps in Sec. 107.1520; and
    (2) Distribute the balance in your Distribution Account on the next 
Payment Date following the end of your fiscal quarter, provided you 
satisfy the liquidity requirement in Sec. 107.1505.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5871, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1550  Distributions by Licensee--permitted ``tax Distributions'' to private investors and SBA.

    If you have outstanding Participating Securities or Earmarked 
Assets, and you are a limited partnership, ``S Corporation'', or 
equivalent pass-through entity for tax purposes, you may make an annual 
``tax Distribution'' to your investors, whether or not they have an 
actual tax liability. SBA receives a share of any tax Distribution you 
make. This section tells you when you may make a ``tax Distribution'' 
and how to compute it. You must notify SBA of any planned distribution 
under this section 10 business days before the distribution date, unless 
SBA permits otherwise.
    (a) Conditions for making a tax Distribution. You may make a tax 
Distribution only if:
    (1) You have paid all your Prioritized Payments, Adjustments, and 
Charges, so that the balance in both your Distribution Account and your 
Accumulation Account is zero (see Sec. 107.1520).
    (2) You satisfy the liquidity requirement in Sec. 107.1505.
    (3) The tax Distribution does not exceed your Retained Earnings 
Available for Distribution.
    (4) The tax Distribution does not exceed the Maximum Tax Liability 
from paragraph (b) of this section.
    (b) How to compute the Maximum Tax Liability. (1) Compute your 
Maximum Tax Liability for a full fiscal year only. Use the following 
formula:


M=(TOI  x  HRO) + (TCG  x  HRC)

where:
    M=Maximum Tax Liability.
    TOI=Net ordinary income allocated to your partners or other owners 
for Federal income tax purposes for the fiscal year immediately 
preceding the Distribution, excluding Prioritized Payments allocated to 
SBA.
    HRO=The highest combined marginal Federal and State income tax rate 
for corporations or individuals on ordinary income, determined in 
accordance with paragraphs (b)(2) through (b)(4) of this section.
    TCG=Net capital gains allocated to your partners or other owners for 
Federal income tax purposes for the fiscal year immediately preceding 
the Distribution, excluding Prioritized Payments allocated to SBA.
    HRC=The highest combined marginal Federal and State income tax rate 
for corporations or individuals on capital gains, determined in 
accordance with paragraphs (b)(2) through (b)(4) of this section.

    (2) You may compute the highest combined marginal Federal and State 
income tax rate on ordinary income and capital gains using either 
individual or corporate rates. However, you must apply the same type of 
rate, either individual or corporate, to both ordinary income and 
capital gains.
    (3) In determining the combined Federal and State income tax rate, 
you must assume that State income taxes are deductible from Federal 
income taxes. For example, if the Federal tax rate was 35 percent and 
the State tax rate was 5 percent, the combined tax rate would be [35% 
x  (1-.05)] + 5% = 38.25%.
    (4) For purposes of this paragraph (b), the ``State income tax'' is 
that of the State where your principal place of business is located, and 
does not include any local income taxes.
    (c) SBA's share of the tax Distribution. (1) SBA's percentage share 
of the tax Distribution is equal to the Profit Participation Rate 
computed under Sec. 107.1530.

[[Page 79]]

    (2) SBA may direct you to pay its share of the tax Distribution to 
its designated agent or Trustee.
    (3) SBA will apply its share of the tax Distribution in the order 
set forth in Sec. 107.1560(g).
    (d) Paying a tax Distribution. You may make a tax Distribution only 
on the first or second Payment Date following the end of your fiscal 
year or, if your fiscal year end is December 31, during the period 
beginning March 1 and ending April 15.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5871, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1560  Distributions by Licensee--required Distributions to private investors and SBA.

    You must make Distributions under this Sec. 107.1560 if you have 
outstanding Participating Securities or Earmarked Assets and you satisfy 
the conditions in paragraph (a) of this section. Distributions under 
this section are determined as of the end of each fiscal year. You must 
notify SBA of any planned distribution under this section 10 business 
days before the distribution date, unless SBA permits otherwise.
    (a) Conditions for making Distributions. Distributions under this 
section are subject to the following conditions:
    (1) You must have paid all Prioritized Payments, Adjustments and 
Charges, so that the balance in both your Distribution Account and your 
Accumulation Account is zero (see Secs. 107.1520 and 107.1540).
    (2) You must have made any permitted tax Distribution that you 
choose to make under Sec. 107.1550.
    (3) You must satisfy the liquidity requirement in Sec. 107.1505.
    (4) The amount you distribute under this section must not exceed 
your remaining Retained Earnings Available for Distribution.
    (b) Total amount you must distribute. Unless SBA permits otherwise, 
the total amount you must distribute equals the result (if greater than 
zero) of the following computation:
    (1) Your Retained Earnings Available for Distribution as of the end 
of your fiscal year, after giving effect to any Distribution under 
Secs. 107.1540 and 107.1550; minus
    (2) All previous Distributions under this section and 
Sec. 107.1570(a) that were applied as redemptions or repayments of 
Leverage; plus
    (3) All previous Distributions under Sec. 107.1570(b) that reduced 
your Retained Earnings Available for Distribution.
    (c) When you must make Distributions. You must make the required 
Distributions on either the first or second Payment Date following the 
end of your fiscal year.
    (d) Effect of Distributions on Retained Earnings Available for 
Distribution. Distributions under this Sec. 107.1560 have the following 
effect on your Retained Earnings Available for Distribution:
    (1) All Distributions to private investors reduce Retained Earnings 
Available for Distribution.
    (2) Distributions to SBA, or its designated agent or Trustee, reduce 
Retained Earnings Available for Distribution if they are applied as 
payments of Profit Participation or distributions on Preferred 
Securities (see paragraph (g) of this section).
    (3) Distributions to SBA, or its designated agent or Trustee, do not 
reduce Retained Earnings Available for Distribution if they are applied 
as a repayment or redemption of Leverage (see paragraph (g) of this 
section).
    (e) SBA's share of the total Distribution. Use the following table 
to determine the percentage share of the total Distribution (from 
paragraph (b) of this section) that goes to SBA (or its designated agent 
or Trustee):

              SBA's Percentage Share of Total Distribution
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 If your ratio of Leverage to Leverageable   Then SBA's percentage share
  Capital as of the fiscal period end is:      of the Distribution is:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Over 200%.................................  [Leverage / (Leverage +
                                             Leverageable Capital)]  x
                                             100.
Over 100% but not over 200%...............  50%.
100% or less..............................  Profit Participation Rate
                                             from Sec.  107.1530.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (f) Exceptions to the Distribution requirement. (1) With SBA's prior 
written approval, you may withhold from distribution reasonable reserves 
necessary to protect your investments or relative position in Loans and 
Investments and to meet contingent liabilities.

[[Page 80]]

    (i) If you submit a written request for SBA approval, you may 
consider it approved unless SBA notifies you otherwise within 30 days 
from receipt.
    (ii) Reserves that you withhold from distribution may not be used to 
make investments in additional portfolio companies.
    (iii) Withholding of reserves under this paragraph (f)(1) is not a 
``payment failure'' in violation of Sec. 107.1820(e)(6).
    (2) SBA may restrict Distributions under this Sec. 107.1560 if SBA 
determines that the value of your assets is materially overstated. SBA 
must give you notice of such a determination in advance of your proposed 
Distribution.
    (g) How SBA will apply your Distributions. Your Distributions to SBA 
(or its designated agent or Trustee) under this Sec. 107.1560 will be 
applied in the following order:
    (1) First, to Profit Participation;
    (2) Second, to the extent there remain any Retained Earnings 
Available for Distribution, to distributions on Preferred Securities;
    (3) Third, as a redemption of Participating Securities in order of 
issue;
    (4) Fourth, as a redemption of Preferred Securities; and
    (5) Fifth, as the repayment of principal of any outstanding 
Debentures, with such repayment to be made into escrow on terms and 
conditions SBA determines.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5872, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1570  Distributions by Licensee--optional Distribution to private investors and SBA.

    If you have outstanding Participating Securities or Earmarked 
Assets, you may make two types of optional Distributions under this 
Sec. 107.1570: quarterly Distributions determined the same way as the 
required annual Distributions in Sec. 107.1560, and Distributions 
allocated between SBA and your private investors in proportion to the 
capital contributions of each. You must notify SBA of any planned 
distribution under this section 10 business days before the distribution 
date, unless SBA permits otherwise.
    (a) Quarterly Distributions subject to conditions in Sec. 107.1560. 
(1) You may make Distributions under this paragraph (a) as of the end of 
any fiscal quarter, giving SBA (or its designated agent or Trustee) a 
percentage share determined under Sec. 107.1560(e).
    (2) Such Distributions are subject to all the provisions in 
Sec. 107.1560 (a)(1), (a)(3), (a)(4), (d), (f)(2), and (g).
    (3) You may make such Distributions only on the next Payment Date 
following the end of your fiscal quarter.
    (4) The total amount of such Distributions may not exceed the result 
of the following computation:
    (i) Your Retained Earnings Available for Distribution as of the end 
of your fiscal quarter; minus
    (ii) All previous Distributions under this paragraph (a) or 
Sec. 107.1560 that were applied as redemptions or repayments of 
Leverage; plus
    (iii) All previous Distributions under paragraph (b) of this section 
that reduced your Retained Earnings Available for Distribution.
    (b) Other optional Distributions. On any Payment Date, you may make 
additional Distributions to your private investors and to SBA (or its 
designated agent or Trustee) under this paragraph (b).
    (1) Conditions for making a Distribution. You may make a 
Distribution under this paragraph (b) only if:
    (i) You have distributed all Earned Prioritized Payments, earned 
Adjustments, and earned Charges, so that the balance in your 
Distribution Account is zero (see Sec. 107.1520).
    (ii) You have distributed all Profit Participation computed under 
Sec. 107.1530 which you are required to distribute under Sec. 107.1560 
or permitted to distribute under paragraph (a) of this section, as 
appropriate, and you have made all required Distributions under 
Sec. 107.1560.
    (iii) You satisfy the liquidity requirement in Sec. 107.1505 or 
obtain SBA's prior written approval of the Distribution.
    (iv) You do not have a condition of Capital Impairment.
    (v) The Distribution does not reduce your Regulatory Capital 
(excluding commitments from Institutional Investors) below the minimum 
required under Sec. 107.210, unless SBA approves the reduction as part 
of a plan of liquidation.

[[Page 81]]

    (vi) The Distribution does not cause you to have excess Leverage 
contrary to section 303 of the Act.
    (2) SBA's share of Distribution. (i) If your Capital Impairment 
Percentage under Sec. 107.1840 is zero, SBA's percentage share of any 
Distribution under this paragraph (b) equals:

[Leverage/(Leverage + Leverageable Capital)]  x  100

In this formula, use Leverage and Leverageable Capital as of the date of 
the Distribution, after giving effect to any Distribution under 
Sec. 107.1560 and paragraph (a) of this section.

    (ii) If your Capital Impairment Percentage under Sec. 107.1840 is 
greater than zero, you must modify the formula in paragraph (b)(2)(i) of 
this section by replacing Leverageable Capital with:

Leverageable Capital  x  (100% - CIP)

where ``CIP'' is your Capital Impairment Percentage or 100 percent, 
whichever is less.

    (3) How SBA will apply Distributions. Any amounts you distribute to 
SBA, or its designated agent or Trustee, under this paragraph (b) will 
be applied as a repayment or redemption of Leverage in the order set 
forth in Sec. 107.1560 (g)(3) through (g)(5).
    (4) Effect of Distributions on Retained Earnings Available for 
Distribution. Any amounts you distribute to non-SBA investors under this 
paragraph (b) must reduce your Retained Earnings Available for 
Distribution to zero before reducing your Private Capital.
    (5) Permitted exception to Sec. 107.585. You may make any 
Distribution permitted by this paragraph (b), even if the result is a 
reduction in your Regulatory Capital that would otherwise be prohibited 
under Sec. 107.585.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5872, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1575  Distributions on other than Payment Dates.

    (a) Permitted Distributions on other than Payment Dates. 
Notwithstanding any provisions to the contrary in Secs. 107.1540 through 
107.1570, you may make Distributions on dates other than Payment Dates 
as follows:
    (1) Required annual Distributions under Secs. 107.1540(a)(1), and 
any Distributions under Secs. 107.1550 and 107.1560, must be made no 
later than the second Payment Date following the end of your fiscal 
year;
    (2) Required Distributions under Sec. 107.1540(b) must be made no 
later than the first Payment Date following the end of the applicable 
fiscal quarter;
    (3) Optional Distributions under Sec. 107.1540(a)(2) and 
Sec. 107.1570 may be made on any date.
    (b) Conditions for making Distribution. All Distributions under this 
section are subject to the following conditions:
    (1) You must obtain SBA's written approval before the distribution 
date;
    (2) You must use the distribution date as the ending date of the 
period for which you compute your Earmarked Profits, Prioritized 
Payments, Adjustments, Charges, Profit Participation, Retained Earnings 
Available for Distribution, liquidity ratio, Capital Impairment, and any 
other applicable computations required under Secs. 107.1500 through 
107.1570;
    (3) If your Distribution includes an amount which SBA will apply as 
a redemption of Participating Securities, the effective date of such 
redemption, for all purposes including future computations of 
Prioritized Payments, will be the next Payment Date following the 
distribution date.

[63 FR 5872, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1580  Special rules for In-Kind Distributions by Licensees.

    (a) In-Kind Distributions. A Distribution under Secs. 107.1540, 
107.1560 or 107.1570 may consist of securities (an ``In-Kind 
Distribution''). Such a Distribution must satisfy the conditions in this 
paragraph (a).
    (1) You may distribute only securities that are Publicly Traded and 
Marketable at the time of the Distribution.
    (2) You must distribute each security pro-rata to all investors and 
to SBA or its designated agent or Trustee, based on the amounts that 
each party would receive if the Distribution were in cash.
    (3) You must impute a gain (loss) on each security being distributed 
as if it were being sold, using the value of the security as of the 
declaration date of the Distribution (if you are a Corporate Licensee) 
or the distribution date (if you are a Partnership Licensee).

[[Page 82]]

    (4) You must deposit SBA's share of the securities being distributed 
with the CRA, who will select a Disposition Agent (a person who is 
knowledgeable about and proficient in the marketing of thinly traded 
securities). As an alternative, if you agree, SBA may direct you to 
dispose of its share. In this case, you must promptly remit the proceeds 
to SBA.
    (b) In-Kind Distributions after Licensee has redeemed all 
Participating Securities. This paragraph (b) applies from the time you 
redeem all your Participating Securities until you dispose of all your 
Earmarked Assets.
    (1) You may make an In-Kind Distribution of an Earmarked Asset only 
if you pay SBA the lower of:
    (i) An amount equal to the Unrealized Appreciation on the asset; or
    (ii) The full amount of your Accumulated Prioritized Payments and 
unpaid Adjustments.
    (2) You must obtain SBA's prior written approval of any In-Kind 
Distribution of an Earmarked Asset that is not Publicly Traded and 
Marketable, specifically including approval of the valuation of the 
asset.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5872, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1585  Exchange of Debentures for Participating Securities.

    You may, in SBA's discretion, retire a Debenture through the 
issuance of Participating Securities. To do so, you must:
    (a) Obtain SBA's approval to issue Participating Securities;
    (b) Pay all unpaid accrued interest on the Debenture, plus any 
applicable prepayment penalties, fees, and other charges;
    (c) Have outstanding Equity Capital Investments (at cost) equal to 
the amount of the Debenture being refinanced; and
    (d) Classify all your existing Loans and Investments as Earmarked 
Assets.

[63 FR 5869, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1590  Special rules for companies licensed on or before March 31, 1993.

    This section applies to companies licensed on or before March 31, 
1993 that apply to issue Participating Securities.
    (a) Election to exclude pre-existing portfolio. You may choose to 
exclude all (but not a portion) of your Loans and Investments as of 
March 31, 1993, from classification as Earmarked Assets if:
    (1) The proceeds of your first issuance of Participating Securities 
are not used to refinance outstanding Debentures (see Sec. 107.1585(a)). 
SBA will consider payment or prepayment of any outstanding Debenture to 
be a refinancing unless you demonstrate to SBA's satisfaction that you 
can pay the Debenture principal without relying on the proceeds of the 
Participating Securities.
    (2) SBA, in its sole discretion, approves the exclusion.
    (b) Treatment of pre-existing portfolio if not excluded. If you do 
not choose to exclude your Loans and Investments as of March 31, 1993, 
they will be Earmarked Assets for all purposes.
    (c) Requirements for Licensee's first issuance of Participating 
Securities. When you apply for your first issuance of Participating 
Securities, you must comply with the following:
    (1) For each of your Loans and Investments, you must submit:
    (i) The most recent annual report (or fiscal year-end financial 
statements) and the most recent interim financial statements of the 
Small Business; and
    (ii) Your valuation reports on the Small Business, prepared as of 
the end of each of your last three fiscal years. If you have applied for 
Participating Securities on the basis of interim financial statements, 
you must also submit a valuation report as of your interim financial 
statement date.
    (2) If you have negative Undistributed Net Realized Earnings and/or 
a net Unrealized Loss on Securities Held, SBA may require you to undergo 
a quasi-reorganization in accordance with generally accepted accounting 
principles.
    (3) If your financial statements accompanying the Participating 
Securities application are for an interim period, you must have your 
SBA-approved independent public accountant perform a limited-scope audit 
of the statements. For purposes of this paragraph (d)(3), ``limited 
scope audit'' means auditing procedures sufficient

[[Page 83]]

to enable the independent public accountant to express an opinion on the 
Statement of Financial Position and the accompanying Schedule of Loans 
and Investments.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5873, Feb. 5, 1998]

 Funding Leverage by Use of SBA-Guaranteed Trust Certificates (``TCs'')



Sec. 107.1600  SBA authority to issue and guarantee Trust Certificates.

    (a) Authorization. Sections 319(a) and (b) of the Act authorize SBA 
or its CRA to issue TCs, and SBA to guarantee the timely payment of the 
principal and interest thereon. Any guarantee by SBA of such TC is 
limited to the principal and interest due on the Debentures or the 
Redemption Price of and Prioritized Payments on Participating Securities 
in any Trust or Pool backing such TC. The full faith and credit of the 
United States is pledged to the payment of all amounts due under the 
guarantee of any TC.
    (b) Periodic exercise of authority. SBA will issue guarantees of 
Debentures and Participating Securities under section 303 and of TCs 
under section 319 of the Act at six month intervals, or at shorter 
intervals, taking into account the amount and number of such guarantees 
or TCs.
    (c) SBA authority to arrange public or private fundings of Leverage. 
SBA in its discretion may arrange for public or private financing under 
its guarantee authority. Such financing arranged by SBA may be 
accomplished by the sale of individual Debentures or Participating 
Securities, aggregations of Debentures or Participating Securities, or 
Pools or Trusts of Debentures or Participating Securities.
    (d) Pass-through provisions. TCs shall provide for a pass-through to 
their holders of all amounts of principal and interest paid on the 
Debentures, or the Redemption Price of and Prioritized Payments on the 
Participating Securities, in the Pool or Trust against which they are 
issued.
    (e) Formation of a Pool or Trust holding Leverage Securities. SBA 
shall approve the formation of each Pool or Trust. SBA may, in its 
discretion, establish the size of the Pools and their composition, the 
interest rate on the TCs issued against Trusts or Pools, fees, 
discounts, premiums and other charges made in connection with the Pools, 
Trusts, and TCs, and any other characteristics of a Pool or Trust it 
deems appropriate.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5873, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1610  Effect of prepayment or early redemption of Leverage on a Trust Certificate.

    (a) The rights, if any, of a Licensee to prepay any Debenture or 
make early redemption of any Participating Security are established by 
the terms of such securities, and no such right is created or denied by 
the regulations in this part.
    (b) SBA's rights to purchase or prepay any Debenture without premium 
are established by the terms of the Guaranty Agreement relating to the 
Debenture. SBA's rights to redeem, at any time, any Participating 
Security without premium are established by the terms of the Guaranty 
Agreement relating to the Participating Security.
    (c) Any prepayment of a Debenture or early redemption of a 
Participating Security pursuant to the terms of the Guaranty Agreement 
relating to such securities, shall reduce the SBA guarantee of timely 
payment of principal and interest on a TC in proportion to the amount of 
principal or Redemption Price that such prepaid Debenture or redeemed 
Participating Security represents in the Trust or Pool backing such TC.
    (d) SBA shall be discharged from its guarantee obligation to the 
holder or holders of any TC, or any successor or transferee of such 
holder, to the extent of any such prepayment, whether or not such 
successor or transferee shall have notice of any such prepayment.
    (e) Interest on prepaid Debentures and Prioritized Payments on 
Participating Securities shall accrue only through the date of such 
voluntary prepayment or SBA payment, as the case may be.
    (f) In the event that all Debentures or Participating Securities 
constituting a Trust or Pool are prepaid, the TCs backed by such Trust 
or Pool shall

[[Page 84]]

be redeemed by payment of the unpaid principal and interest on the TCs; 
Provided, however, that in the case of the prepayment of a Debenture 
pursuant to the provisions of the Guaranty Agreement relating to the 
Debenture, the CRA shall pass through pro rata to the holders of the TCs 
any such prepayments including any prepayment penalty paid by the 
obligor Licensee pursuant to the terms of the Debenture.



Sec. 107.1620  Functions of agents, including Central Registration Agent, Selling Agent and Fiscal Agent.

    (a) Agents. SBA will appoint or cause to be appointed agent(s) to 
perform functions necessary to market and service Debentures, 
Participating Securities, or TCs pursuant to this part.
    (1) Selling Agent. As a condition of guaranteeing a Debenture or 
Participating Security, SBA shall cause each Licensee to appoint a 
Selling Agent to perform functions which include, but are not limited 
to:
    (i) Selecting qualified entities to become pool or Trust assemblers 
(``Poolers'').
    (ii) Receiving guaranteed Debentures and Participating Securities as 
well as negotiating the terms and conditions of periodic offerings of 
Debentures and/or TCs with Poolers on behalf of Licensees.
    (iii) Directing and coordinating periodic sales of Debentures and 
Participating Securities and/or TCs.
    (iv) Arranging for the production of the Offering Circular, 
certificates, and such other documents as may be required from time to 
time.
    (2) Fiscal Agent. SBA shall appoint a Fiscal Agent to:
    (i) Establish performance criteria for Poolers.
    (ii) Monitor and evaluate the financial markets to determine those 
factors that will minimize or reduce the cost of funding Debentures or 
Participating Securities.
    (iii) Monitor the performance of the Selling Agent, Poolers, CRA, 
and the Trustee.
    (iv) Perform such other functions as SBA, from time to time, may 
prescribe.
    (3) Central Registration Agent. Pursuant to a contract entered into 
with SBA, the CRA, as SBA's agent, will do the following with respect to 
the Pools or Trust Certificates for the Debentures or Participating 
Securities:
    (i) Form an SBA-approved Pool or Trust;
    (ii) Issue the TCs in the form prescribed by SBA;
    (iii) Transfer the TCs upon the sale of original issue TCs in any 
secondary market transaction;
    (iv) Receive payments from Licensees;
    (v) Make periodic payments as scheduled or required by the terms of 
the TCs, and pay all amounts required to be paid upon prepayment of 
Debentures or redemption of Participating Securities;
    (vi) Hold, safeguard, and release all Debentures and Participating 
Securities constituting Trusts or Pools upon instructions from SBA;
    (vii) Remain custodian of such other documentation as SBA shall 
direct by written instructions;
    (viii) Provide for the registration of all pooled Debentures and 
Participating Securities, all Pools and Trusts, and all TCs;
    (ix) Perform such other functions as SBA may deem necessary to 
implement the provisions of this section.
    (b) Functions. The function of locating purchasers, and negotiating 
and closing the sale of Debentures, Participating Securities and TCs, 
may be performed either by SBA or an agent appointed by SBA. Nothing in 
the regulations in this part shall be interpreted to prevent the CRA 
from acting as SBA's agent for this purpose.



Sec. 107.1630  SBA regulation of Brokers and Dealers and disclosure to purchasers of Leverage or Trust Certificates.

    (a) Disclosure to purchasers. Prior to any sale of a Debenture, 
Participating Security, or TC, SBA shall require the seller, or the 
broker or dealer as agent for the seller, to disclose to the purchaser, 
in a form prescribed or approved by SBA, specified information on the 
terms, conditions, and yield of such instrument.
    (b) Brokers and Dealers. Each broker, dealer, and Pool or Trust 
assembler approved by SBA pursuant to these regulations shall either be 
regulated by a Federal financial regulatory agency, or

[[Page 85]]

be a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD), 
and shall be in good standing in respect to compliance with the 
financial, ethical, and reporting requirements of such body. They also 
shall be in good standing with SBA as determined by the SBA Associate 
Administrator for Investment (see paragraph (d) of this section) and 
shall provide a fidelity bond or insurance in such amount as SBA may 
require.
    (c) Suspension and/or termination of Broker or Dealer. SBA shall 
exclude from the sale and all other dealings in Debentures, 
Participating Securities or TCs any broker or dealer:
    (1) If such broker's or dealer's authority to engage in the 
securities business has been revoked or suspended by a supervisory 
agency. When such authority has been suspended, such broker or dealer 
will be suspended by SBA for the duration of such suspension by the 
supervisory agency.
    (2) If such broker or dealer has been indicted or otherwise formally 
charged with a misdemeanor or felony bearing on its fitness, such broker 
or dealer may be suspended while the charge is pending. Upon conviction, 
participation may be terminated.
    (3) If such broker or dealer has suffered an adverse final civil 
judgment, holding that such broker or dealer has committed a breach of 
trust or violation of law or regulation protecting the integrity of 
business transactions or relationships, participation in the market for 
Debentures, Participating Securities or TCs may be terminated.
    (4) If such broker or dealer has failed to make full disclosure of 
the information required by SBA in paragraph (a) of this section, such 
broker's or dealer's participation in the market for Debentures, 
Participating Securities or TCs may be terminated.
    (d) Termination/suspension proceedings. A broker's or dealer's 
participation in the market for Debentures, Participating Securities or 
TCs will be conducted in accordance with part 134 of this chapter. SBA 
may, for any of the reasons stated in paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(4) 
of this section, suspend the privilege of any broker or dealer to 
participate in this market. SBA shall give written notice at least ten 
(10) business days prior to the effective date of such suspension. Such 
notice shall inform the broker or dealer of the opportunity for a 
hearing pursuant to part 134 of this chapter.



Sec. 107.1640  SBA access to records of the CRA, Brokers, Dealers and Pool or Trust assemblers.

    The CRA and any broker, dealer and Pool or Trust assembler operating 
under the regulations in this part shall make all books, records and 
related materials associated with Debentures, Participating Securities 
and TCs available to SBA for review and copying purposes. Such access 
shall be at such party's primary place of business during normal 
business hours.

                              Miscellaneous



Sec. 107.1700  Transfer by SBA of its interest in Licensee's Leverage security.

    Upon such conditions and for such consideration as it deems 
reasonable, SBA may sell, assign, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any 
Preferred Security, Debenture, Participating Security, or other security 
held by or on behalf of SBA in connection with Leverage. Upon notice by 
SBA, Licensee will make all payments of principal, dividends, interest, 
Prioritized Payments, and redemptions as shall be directed by SBA. 
Licensee will be liable for all damage or loss which SBA may sustain by 
reason of such disposal, up to the amount of Licensee's liability under 
such security, plus court costs and reasonable attorney's fees incurred 
by SBA.



Sec. 107.1710  SBA authority to collect or compromise its claims.

    SBA may, upon such conditions and for such consideration as it deems 
reasonable, collect or compromise all claims relating to Preferred or 
Participating Securities or obligations held or guaranteed by SBA, and 
all legal or equitable rights accruing to SBA.

[[Page 86]]



Sec. 107.1720  Characteristics of SBA's guarantee.

    If SBA agrees to guarantee a Licensee's Debentures or Participating 
Securities, such guarantee will be unconditional, irrespective of the 
validity, regularity or enforceability of the Debentures or 
Participating Securities or any other circumstances which might 
constitute a legal or equitable discharge or defense of a guarantor. 
Pursuant to its guarantee, SBA will make timely payments of principal 
and interest on the Debentures or the Redemption Price of and 
Prioritized Payments on the Participating Securities.

[63 FR 5873, Feb. 5, 1998]



       Subpart J--Licensee's Noncompliance With Terms of Leverage



Sec. 107.1800  Licensee's agreement to terms and conditions in Secs. 107.1810 and 107.1820.

    Any Licensee that violates the terms and conditions of its Leverage 
is subject to SBA remedies. The terms, conditions and remedies in 
Sec. 107.1810 apply to outstanding Debentures issued after April 25, 
1994. The terms, conditions and remedies in Sec. 107.1820 apply to 
outstanding Preferred Securities and Participating Securities issued 
after April 25, 1994, or if you have Earmarked Assets in your portfolio.



Sec. 107.1810  Events of default and SBA's remedies for Licensee's noncompliance with terms of Debentures.

    (a) Applicability of this section. This Sec. 107.1810 applies to 
Debentures issued after April 25, 1994. By issuing such Debentures, you 
automatically agree to the terms, conditions and remedies in this 
section, as in effect at the time of issuance and as if fully set forth 
in the Debentures. Debentures issued before April 25, 1994 continue to 
be governed by the remedies in effect at the time of their issuance.
    (b) Automatic events of default. The occurrence of one or more of 
the events in this paragraph (b) causes the remedies in paragraph (c) of 
this section to take effect immediately.
    (1) Insolvency. You become equitably or legally insolvent.
    (2) Voluntary assignment. You make a voluntary assignment for the 
benefit of creditors without SBA's prior written approval.
    (3) Bankruptcy. You file a petition to begin any bankruptcy or 
reorganization proceeding, receivership, dissolution or other similar 
creditors' rights proceeding, or such action is initiated against you 
and is not dismissed within 60 days.
    (c) SBA remedies for automatic events of default. Upon the 
occurrence of one or more of the events in paragraph (b) of this 
section:
    (1) Without notice, presentation or demand, the entire indebtedness 
evidenced by your Debentures, including accrued interest, and any other 
amounts owed SBA with respect to your Debentures, is immediately due and 
payable; and
    (2) You automatically consent to the appointment of SBA or its 
designee as your receiver under section 311(c) of the Act.
    (d) Events of default with notice. For any occurrence (as determined 
by SBA) of one or more of the events in this paragraph (d), SBA may 
avail itself of one or more of the remedies in paragraph (e) of this 
section.
    (1) Fraud. You commit a fraudulent act which causes detriment to 
SBA's position as a creditor or guarantor.
    (2) Fraudulent transfers. You make any transfer or incur any 
obligation that is fraudulent under the terms of 11 U.S.C. 548.
    (3) Willful conflicts of interest. You willfully violate 
Sec. 107.730.
    (4) Willful non-compliance. You willfully violate one or more of the 
substantive provisions of the Act, specifically including but not 
limited to the provisions summarized in section 310(c) of the Act, or 
any substantive regulation promulgated under the Act.
    (5) Repeated Events of Default. At any time after being notified by 
SBA of the occurrence of an event of default under paragraph (f) of this 
section, you engage in similar behavior which results in another 
occurrence of the same event of default.
    (6) Transfer of Control. You violate Sec. 107.475 and/or willfully 
violate Sec. 107.410, and as a result of such violation you undergo a 
transfer of Control.

[[Page 87]]

    (7) Non-cooperation under Sec. 107.1810(h). You fail to take 
appropriate steps, satisfactory to SBA, to accomplish any action SBA may 
have required under paragraph (h) of this section.
    (8) Non-notification of Events of Default. You fail to notify SBA as 
soon as you know or reasonably should have known that any event of 
default exists under this section.
    (9) Non-notification of defaults to others. You fail to notify SBA 
in writing within ten days from the date of a declaration of an event of 
default or nonperformance under any note, debenture or indebtedness of 
yours, issued to or held by anyone other than SBA.
    (e) SBA remedies for events of default with notice. Upon written 
notice to you of the occurrence (as determined by SBA) of one or more of 
the events in paragraph (d) of this section:
    (1) SBA may declare the entire indebtedness evidenced by your 
Debentures, including accrued interest, and/or any other amounts owed 
SBA with respect to your Debentures, immediately due and payable; and
    (2) SBA may avail itself of any remedy available under the Act, 
specifically including institution of proceedings for the appointment of 
SBA or its designee as your receiver under section 311(c) of the Act.
    (f) Events of default with opportunity to cure. For any occurrence 
(as determined by SBA) of one or more of the events in this paragraph 
(f), SBA may avail itself of one or more of the remedies in paragraph 
(g) of this section.
    (1) Excessive Management Expenses. Without the prior written consent 
of SBA, you incur Management Expenses in excess of those permitted under 
Sec. 107.520.
    (2) Improper Distributions. You make any Distribution to your 
shareholders or partners, except with the prior written consent of SBA, 
other than:
    (i) Distributions permitted under Sec. 107.585;
    (ii) Payments from Retained Earnings Available for Distribution 
based on either the shareholders' pro-rata interests or the provisions 
for profit distributions in your partnership agreement, as appropriate; 
and
    (iii) Distributions by Participating Securities issuers as permitted 
under Secs. 107.1540 through 107.1580.
    (3) Failure to make payment. Unless otherwise approved by SBA, you 
fail to make timely payment of any amount due under any security or 
obligation of yours that is issued to, held or guaranteed by SBA.
    (4) Failure to maintain Regulatory Capital. You fail to maintain the 
minimum Regulatory Capital required under these regulations or, without 
the prior written consent of SBA, you reduce your Regulatory Capital, 
except as permitted by Secs. 107.585 and 107.1560 through 107.1580.
    (5) Capital Impairment. You have a condition of Capital Impairment 
as determined under Sec. 107.1830.
    (6) Cross-default. An obligation of yours that is greater than 
$100,000 becomes due or payable (with or without notice) before its 
stated maturity date, for any reason including your failure to pay any 
amount when due. This provision does not apply if you pay the amount due 
within any applicable grace period or contest the payment of the 
obligation in good faith by appropriate proceedings.
    (7) Nonperformance. You violate or fail to perform one or more of 
the terms and conditions of any security or obligation of yours that is 
issued to, held or guaranteed by SBA, or of any agreement with or 
conditions imposed by SBA in its administration of the Act and the 
regulations promulgated under the Act.
    (8) Noncompliance. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (d)(5) 
of this section, SBA determines that you have violated one or more of 
the substantive provisions of the Act, specifically including but not 
limited to the provisions summarized in section 310(c) of the Act, or 
any substantive regulation promulgated under the Act.
    (9) Failure to maintain investment ratio. You fail to maintain the 
investment ratio for Leverage in excess of 300 percent of Leverageable 
Capital (see Secs. 107.1150(b)(2) and 107.1160(c)), if applicable to 
you, as of the end of each fiscal year. In determining whether you have 
maintained the ratio, SBA will disregard any prepayment, sale, or 
disposition of Venture Capital Financing,

[[Page 88]]

any increase in Leverageable Capital, and any receipt of additional 
Leverage, within 120 days prior to the end of your fiscal year.
    (10) Failure to maintain diversity. You fail to maintain diversity 
between management and ownership as required by Sec. 107.150, if 
applicable to you.
    (g) SBA remedies for events of default with opportunity to cure. (1) 
Upon written notice to you of the occurrence (as determined by SBA) of 
one or more of the events of default in paragraph (f) of this section, 
and subject to the conditions in paragraph (g)(2) of this section:
    (i) SBA may declare the entire indebtedness evidenced by your 
Debentures, including accrued interest, and/or any other amounts owed 
SBA with respect to your Debentures, immediately due and payable; and
    (ii) SBA may avail itself of any remedy available under the Act, 
specifically including institution of proceedings for the appointment of 
SBA or its designee as your receiver under section 311(c) of the Act.
    (2) SBA may invoke the remedies in paragraph (g)(1) of this section 
only if:
    (i) It has given you at least 15 days to cure the default(s); and
    (ii) You fail to cure the default(s) to SBA's satisfaction within 
the allotted time.
    (h) Repeated non-substantive violations. If you repeatedly fail to 
comply with one or more of the non-substantive provisions of the Act or 
any non-substantive regulation promulgated under the Act, SBA, after 
written notification to you and until you cure such condition to SBA's 
satisfaction, may deny you additional Leverage and/or require you to 
take such actions as SBA may determine to be appropriate under the 
circumstances.
    (i) Consent to removal of officers, directors, or general partners 
and/or appointment of receiver. The Articles of any Licensee issuing 
Debentures after April 25, 1994 must include the following provisions as 
a condition to the purchase or guarantee by SBA of such Leverage. Upon 
the occurrence of any of the events specified in paragraphs (d)(1) 
through (d)(6) or (f)(1) through (f)(3) of this section as determined by 
SBA, SBA shall have the right, and your consent to SBA's exercise of 
such right:
    (1) With respect to a Corporate Licensee, upon written notice, to 
require you to replace, with individuals approved by SBA, one or more of 
your officers and/or such number of directors of your board of directors 
as is sufficient to constitute a majority of such board; or
    (2) With respect to a Partnership Licensee, upon written notice, to 
require you to remove the person(s) responsible for such occurrence and/
or to remove the general partner of Licensee, which general partner 
shall then be replaced in accordance with Licensee's Articles by a new 
general partner approved by SBA; and/or
    (3) With respect to either a Corporate or Partnership Licensee, to 
obtain the appointment of SBA or its designee as your receiver under 
section 311(c) of the Act for the purpose of continuing your operations. 
The appointment of a receiver to liquidate a Licensee is not within such 
consent, but is governed instead by the relevant provisions of the Act.



Sec. 107.1820  Conditions affecting issuers of Preferred Securities and/or Participating Securities.

    (a) Applicability of this section. This section applies if you have 
Preferred Securities issued after April 25, 1994, or if you issue 
Participating Securities or have Earmarked Assets in your portfolio. 
Your Articles must include the provisions of this Sec. 107.1820 as a 
condition to SBA's purchase of Preferred Securities or guarantee of 
Participating Securities and for as long as you own Earmarked Assets. 
Preferred Securities issued before April 25, 1994 continue to be 
governed by the remedies in effect at the time of their issuance.
    (b) Removal Conditions. Upon the occurrence (as determined by SBA) 
of any of the following conditions (``Removal Conditions''), SBA may 
avail itself of one or more of the remedies in paragraph (d) of this 
section:
    (1) Insolvency or extreme Capital Impairment. You become equitably 
or legally insolvent, or have a Capital Impairment Percentage of 100 
percent or more (``extreme Capital Impairment'')

[[Page 89]]

and have not cured such Capital Impairment within the time limits set by 
SBA in writing. In this regard:
    (i) You are not considered to have a condition of extreme Capital 
Impairment during the first eight years following your first issuance of 
Participating Securities.
    (ii) This paragraph (b)(1) does not give you an additional 
opportunity to cure if you have already had an opportunity to cure your 
Capital Impairment under paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
    (2) Voluntary assignment. You make a voluntary assignment for the 
benefit of creditors.
    (3) Bankruptcy. You begin any bankruptcy or reorganization 
proceeding, receivership, dissolution or other similar creditors' rights 
proceeding, or such action is initiated against you and is not dismissed 
within 60 days.
    (4) Transfer of Control. You violate Sec. 107.475 and/or willfully 
violate Sec. 107.410, and such violation results in a transfer of 
Control.
    (5) Fraud. You commit a fraudulent act which causes serious 
detriment to SBA's position as a guarantor or investor.
    (6) Fraudulent transfers. You make any transfer or incur any 
obligation that is fraudulent under the terms of 11 USC 548.
    (c) Contingent Removal Conditions. Upon the occurrence (as 
determined by SBA) of any of the following conditions (``Contingent 
Removal Conditions''), SBA may avail itself of one or more of the 
remedies in paragraph (d) of this section, but only if you fail to 
remove the person(s) SBA identifies as responsible for such occurrence 
and/or cure such occurrence to SBA's satisfaction within a time period 
determined by SBA (but not less than 15 days):
    (1) Willful conflicts of interest. You willfully violate 
Sec. 107.730.
    (2) Willful or repeated noncompliance. You willfully or repeatedly 
violate one or more of the substantive provisions of the Act, 
specifically including but not limited to the provisions summarized in 
section 310(c) of the Act, or any substantive regulation promulgated 
under the Act.
    (3) Failure to comply with restrictions under paragraph (f) of this 
section. You fail to comply with the restrictions imposed by SBA under 
paragraph (f) of this section.
    (d) SBA remedies for Removal Conditions and Contingent Removal 
Conditions. Upon the occurrence (as determined by SBA) of any Removal 
Condition, or any Contingent Removal Condition accompanied by your 
failure to act as set forth in paragraph (c) of this section, SBA has 
the following rights, and you consent to SBA's exercise of any or all of 
such rights:
    (1) With respect to a Corporate Licensee, upon written notice, to 
require you to replace, with individuals approved by SBA, one or more of 
your officers and/or such number of directors as is sufficient to 
constitute a majority of your board of directors; or
    (2) With respect to a Partnership Licensee, upon written notice, to 
require you to remove the person(s) responsible for such occurrence and/
or to remove your general partner, who shall then be replaced in 
accordance with your Articles by a new general partner approved by SBA; 
and/or
    (3) With respect to either a Corporate or Partnership Licensee, to 
the appointment of SBA or its designee as your receiver under section 
311(c) of the Act for the purpose of continuing your operations. The 
appointment of a receiver to liquidate a Licensee is not within such 
consent, but is governed instead by the relevant provisions of the Act.
    (e) Restricted Operations Conditions. Upon the occurrence (as 
determined by SBA) of any of the following conditions (``Restricted 
Operations Conditions''), SBA may avail itself of any of the remedies in 
paragraph (f) of this section.
    (1) Removal Conditions or Contingent Removal Conditions. Any 
condition occurs which is listed in paragraphs (b) or (c) of this 
section.
    (2) Failure to maintain Regulatory Capital. You fail to maintain the 
minimum Regulatory Capital required by this part.
    (3) Capital or Liquidity Impairment. You have a condition of Capital 
Impairment as determined under Sec. 107.1830 or, if applicable, a 
condition of Liquidity Impairment as determined under

[[Page 90]]

Sec. 107.1505, and you fail to cure the impairment within time limits 
set by SBA in writing.
    (4) Improper Distributions. You make any Distribution to your 
shareholders or partners other than those permitted by Secs. 107.585 and 
107.1560 through 107.1580.
    (5) Excessive Management Expenses. Without the prior written consent 
of SBA, you incur Management Expenses in excess of those permitted under 
Sec. 107.520.
    (6) Failure to make payment. You fail to pay any amounts due under 
Preferred Securities or required by Secs. 107.1500 through 107.1590, 
unless otherwise permitted by SBA.
    (7) Noncompliance. Except as otherwise provided for in paragraphs 
(c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section, SBA determines that you have failed 
to comply with one or more of the substantive provisions of the Act, 
specifically including but not limited to the provisions summarized in 
section 310(c) of the Act, or any substantive regulation promulgated 
under the Act.
    (8) Failure to maintain diversity. You fail to maintain diversity 
between management and ownership as required by Sec. 107.150, if 
applicable to you.
    (9) Failure to meet investment requirements. You fail to make the 
amount of Equity Capital Investments required for Participating 
Securities (Sec. 107.1500(b)(4)), if applicable to you; or you fail to 
maintain as of the end of each fiscal year the investment ratios or 
amounts required for Leverage in excess of 300 percent of Leverageable 
Capital (Sec. 107.1160(c)) or Preferred Securities in excess of 100 
percent of Leverageable Capital (Sec. 107.1160(d)), if applicable to 
you. In determining whether you have met the maintenance requirements in 
Sec. 107.1160(c) or (d), SBA will disregard any prepayment, sale, or 
disposition of Venture Capital Financings, any increase in Leverageable 
Capital, and any receipt of additional Leverage, within 120 days prior 
to the end of your fiscal year.
    (10) Nonperformance. You violate or fail to perform one or more of 
the terms and conditions of any Participating Security or Preferred 
Security or of any agreement with or condition imposed by SBA in its 
administration of the Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder.
    (11) Noncooperation under paragraph (g) of this section. You fail to 
take appropriate steps, satisfactory to SBA, to accomplish such action 
as SBA may have required under paragraph (g) of this section.
    (f) SBA remedies for Restricted Operations Conditions. Upon the 
occurrence of any Restricted Operations Condition, and until such 
condition(s) are cured to SBA's satisfaction within a time period 
determined by SBA (but not less than 15 days), upon written notice SBA 
shall have the following rights, and you consent to SBA's exercise of 
any or all of such rights:
    (1) To prohibit you from making any additional investments except 
for investments under legally binding commitments you entered into 
before such notice and, subject to SBA's prior written approval, 
investments that are necessary to protect your investments;
    (2) Until all Leverage is redeemed and amounts due are paid, to 
prohibit Distributions by you to any party other than SBA, its agent or 
Trustee;
    (3) To require all your commitments from investors to be funded at 
the earliest time(s) permitted in accordance with your Articles; and
    (4) To review and re-determine your approved Management Expenses.
    (g) Repeated non-substantive violations. If you repeatedly fail to 
comply with one or more of the non-substantive provisions of the Act or 
any non-substantive regulation promulgated thereunder, SBA, after 
written notification to you and until such condition is cured to SBA's 
satisfaction, will deny you additional Leverage and/or require you to 
take such actions as SBA may determine to be appropriate under the 
circumstances.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5873, Feb. 5, 1998]

              Computation of Licensee's Capital Impairment



Sec. 107.1830  Licensee's Capital Impairment--definition and general requirements.

    (a) Applicability of this section. This section applies to Leverage 
issued on or after April 25, 1994. For Leverage

[[Page 91]]

issued before April 25, 1994, you must comply with paragraphs (e) and 
(f) of this section and the Capital Impairment regulations in this part 
in effect when you issued your Leverage. For all Leverage issued, you 
must also comply with any contractual provisions to which you have 
agreed.
    (b) Significance of Capital Impairment condition. If you have a 
condition of Capital Impairment, you are not in compliance with the 
terms of your Leverage. As a result, SBA has the right to impose the 
applicable remedies for noncompliance in Secs. 107.1810(g) and 
107.1820(f).
    (c) Definition of Capital Impairment condition. You have a condition 
of Capital Impairment if your Capital Impairment Percentage, as computed 
in Sec. 107.1840, exceeds:
    (1) For Section 301(d) Licensees, 75 percent.
    (2) For Section 301(c) Licensees, the appropriate percentage from 
the following table:

                  Maximum Permitted Capital Impairment Percentages for Section 301(c) Licensees
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                      Then your
                                                                                                       maximum
                                                                                                      permitted
 If the percentage of equity capital investments      And your ratio of outstanding leverage to        capital
         (at cost) in your portfolio is:                       leverageable capital is:               impairment
                                                                                                      percentage
                                                                                                         is:
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
67%.............................................  100% or less.....................................           70
                                                  Over 100% but not over 200%......................           60
                                                  Over 200%........................................           50
At least 40% but under 67%......................  100% or less.....................................           55
                                                  Over 100% but not over 200%......................           50
                                                  Over 200%........................................           40
Under 40%.......................................  100% or less.....................................           45
                                                  Over 100% but not over 200%......................           40
                                                  Over 200%........................................           35
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) Phase-in of maximum permitted Capital Impairment Percentages for 
Section 301(c) Licensees. If you are a Section 301(c) Licensee, 
regardless of your maximum permitted Capital Impairment Percentage under 
paragraph (c) of this section, you will not have a condition of Capital 
Impairment if:
    (1) Your Capital Impairment Percentage does not exceed 50 percent; 
and
    (2) You have not reached your first fiscal year end occurring after 
April 25, 1995.
    (e) Quarterly computation requirement and procedure. You must 
determine whether you have a condition of Capital Impairment as of the 
end of each fiscal quarter. You must notify SBA promptly if you are 
capitally impaired.
    (f) SBA's right to determine Licensee's Capital Impairment 
condition. SBA may make its own determination of your Capital Impairment 
condition at any time.

[61 FR 3189, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 5873, Feb. 5, 1998]



Sec. 107.1840  Computation of Licensee's Capital Impairment Percentage.

    (a) General. This section contains the procedures you must use to 
determine your Capital Impairment Percentage if you have outstanding 
Leverage issued after April 25, 1994. You must compare your Capital 
Impairment Percentage to the maximum permitted under Sec. 107.1830(c) to 
determine whether you have a condition of Capital Impairment.
    (b) Preliminary impairment test. If you satisfy the preliminary 
impairment test, your Capital Impairment Percentage is zero and you do 
not have to perform any more procedures in this Sec. 107.1840. 
Otherwise, you must continue with paragraph (c) of this section. You 
satisfy the test if the following amounts are both zero or greater:
    (1) The sum of Undistributed Net Realized Earnings, as reported on 
SBA Form 468, and Includible Non-Cash Gains.
    (2) Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Securities Held.

[[Page 92]]

    (c) How to compute your Capital Impairment Percentage. (1) If you 
have an Unrealized Gain on Securities Held, compute your Adjusted 
Unrealized Gain using paragraph (d) of this section. If you have an 
Unrealized Loss on Securities Held, continue with paragraph (c)(2) of 
this Section.
    (2) Add together your Undistributed Net Realized Earnings, your 
Includible Non-cash Gains, and either your Unrealized Loss on Securities 
Held or your Adjusted Unrealized Gain.
    (3) If the sum in paragraph (c)(2) of this section is zero or 
greater, your Capital Impairment Percentage is zero.
    (4) If the sum in paragraph (c)(2) of this section is less than 
zero, drop the negative sign, divide by your Regulatory Capital 
(excluding Treasury Stock), and multiply by 100. The result is your 
Capital Impairment Percentage.
    (d) How to compute your Adjusted Unrealized Gain. (1) Subtract 
Unrealized Depreciation from Unrealized Appreciation. This is your ``Net 
Appreciation''.
    (2) Determine your Unrealized Appreciation on Publicly Traded and 
Marketable securities. This is your ``Class 1 Appreciation''.
    (3) Determine your Unrealized Appreciation on securities that are 
not Publicly Traded and Marketable and meet the following criteria, 
which must be substantiated to the satisfaction of SBA (this is your 
``Class 2 Appreciation''):
    (i) The Small Business that issued the security received a 
significant subsequent equity financing by an investor whose objectives 
were not primarily strategic and at a price that conclusively supports 
the Unrealized Appreciation;
    (ii) Such financing represents a substantial investment in the form 
of an arm's length transaction by a sophisticated new investor in the 
issuer's securities; and
    (iii) Such financing occurred within 24 months of the date of the 
Capital Impairment computation, or the Small Business' pre-tax cash flow 
from operations for its most recent fiscal year was at least 10 percent 
of the Small Business' average contributed capital for such fiscal year.
    (4) Perform the appropriate computation from the following table:

          Adjusted Unrealized Gain Before Estimated Tax Effects
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Then adjusted
              If:                      And:           unrealized gain
                                                      before taxes is:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Class 1 Appreciation  Net Appreciation.           Appreciation +     Appreciation) + (50%
                                 Class 2             x  Class 2
                                 Appreciation  Net
                                 Appreciation.
Class 1 Appreciation  Net Appreciation.           Appreciation +     Appreciation) +
                                 Class 2            [(50%  x  (Net
                                 Appreciation >     Appreciation - Class
                                 Net Appreciation.  1 Appreciation)].
Class 1 Appreciation > Net      .................  80%  x  Net
 Appreciation.                                      Appreciation.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (5) Reduce the gain computed in paragraph (d)(4) of this section by 
your estimate of related future income tax expense. Subject to any 
adjustment required by paragraph (d)(6) of this section, the result is 
your Adjusted Unrealized Gain for use in paragraph (c)(2) of this 
section.
    (6) If any securities that are the source of either Class 1 or Class 
2 Appreciation are pledged or encumbered in any way, you must reduce the 
Adjusted Unrealized Gain computed in paragraph (d)(5) of this section by 
the amount of the related borrowing or other obligation, up to the 
amount of the Unrealized Appreciation on the securities.



Sec. 107.1850  Exceptions to Capital Impairment provisions for Licensees with outstanding Participating Securities.

    The provisions in this Sec. 107.1850 apply only if at least two-
thirds of your outstanding Leverage consists of Participating 
Securities, and at least two-thirds of your Loans and Investments (at 
cost) consist of Equity Capital Investments.
    (a) Forbearance period for Participating Securities issuers. During 
the first forty-

[[Page 93]]

eight (48) months following your first issuance of Participating 
Securities, you will not have a condition of Capital Impairment if your 
Capital Impairment Percentage is below 85 percent.
    (b) Extended forbearance period for early stage investors. If at 
least two-thirds of your Loans and Investments (at cost) are in Start-Up 
Financings, the forbearance period in paragraph (a) of this section is 
extended to 60 months.
    (c) Forbearance based on actions by Licensee. The provisions of this 
paragraph (c) apply only during the fifth and sixth years following your 
first issuance of Participating Securities. If your Capital Impairment 
Percentage, as determined either by you or by SBA, exceeds the maximum 
permitted under Sec. 107.1830(c) but is below 85 percent, you will not 
have a condition of Capital Impairment if you do either of the following 
within thirty (30) days of such determination:
    (1) Increase your Regulatory Capital by a cash contribution placed 
in an escrow account or other account satisfactory to SBA, for its 
benefit. The contribution must equal, during the fifth year, 15 percent 
of your outstanding Leverage or, during the sixth year, 30 percent.
    (2) Provide a guarantee, satisfactory to SBA and for its benefit, 
for the amount of the cash contribution required in paragraph (c)(1) of 
this section. SBA will credit any escrowed funds or guarantee received 
in the fifth year toward the requirements for the sixth year.
    (d) Conditions for forbearance under paragraph (c) of this section. 
(1) You cannot count any funds placed in an escrow or other account 
under paragraph (c) of this section as Leverageable Capital.
    (2) Any fee and/or any claim to repayment by the party making the 
capital contribution or by the guarantor must be deferred and 
subordinate to all outstanding Leverage plus any unpaid Earned 
Prioritized Payments and earned Adjustments.
    (3) If there is an acceleration or mandatory redemption under 
Sec. 107.1810 or Sec. 107.1820, any funds in the escrow account and/or 
any guarantee received under paragraph (c) of this section will be 
applied toward repaying any amounts due SBA.
    (4) If you reduce your Capital Impairment Percentage to zero, SBA 
will release and return any escrowed funds and/or any guarantee received 
under paragraph (c) of this section.



               Subpart K--Ending Operations as a Licensee



Sec. 107.1900  Surrender of license.

    You may not surrender your license without SBA's prior written 
approval. Your request for approval must be accompanied by an offer of 
immediate repayment of all of your outstanding Leverage (including any 
prepayment penalties thereon), or by a plan satisfactory to SBA for the 
orderly liquidation of the Licensee.



                        Subpart L--Miscellaneous



Sec. 107.1910  Non-waiver of SBA's rights or terms of Leverage security.

    SBA's failure to exercise or delay in exercising any right or remedy 
under the Act or the regulations in this part does not constitute a 
waiver of such right or remedy. SBA's failure to require you to perform 
any term or provision of your Leverage does not affect SBA's right to 
enforce such term or provision. Similarly, SBA's waiver of, or failure 
to enforce, any term or provision of your Leverage or of any event or 
condition set forth in Sec. 107.1810 or Sec. 107.1820 does not 
constitute a waiver of any succeeding breach of such term or provision 
or condition.



Sec. 107.1920  Licensee's application for exemption from a regulation in this part 107.

    You may file an application in writing with SBA to have a proposed 
action exempted from any procedural or substantive requirement, 
restriction, or prohibition to which it is subject under this part, 
unless the provision is mandated by the Act. SBA may grant an exemption 
for such applicant, conditionally or unconditionally, provided the 
exemption would not be contrary to the purposes of the Act. Your 
application must be accompanied by supporting evidence which 
demonstrates to SBA's satisfaction that:

[[Page 94]]

    (a) The proposed action is fair and equitable; and
    (b) The exemption requested is reasonably calculated to advance the 
best interests of the SBIC program in a manner consonant with the policy 
objectives of the Act and the regulations in this part.



Sec. 107.1930  Effect of changes in this part 107 on transactions previously consummated.

    The legality of a transaction covered by the regulations in this 
part is governed by the regulations in this part in effect at the time 
the transaction was consummated, regardless of later changes. Nothing in 
this part bars SBA enforcement action with respect to any transaction 
consummated in violation of provisions applicable at the time, but no 
longer in effect.



PART 112--NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF SBA--EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964--Table of Contents




Sec.
112.1  Purpose.
112.2  Application of this part.
112.3  Discrimination prohibited.
112.4  Discrimination in employment.
112.5  Discrimination in providing financial assistance.
112.6  Discrimination in accommodations or services.
112.7  Illustrative applications.
112.8  Assurances required.
112.9  Compliance information.
112.10  Conduct of investigations.
112.11  Procedure for effecting compliance.
112.12  Effect on other regulations; forms and instructions.

Appendix A to Part 112

    Authority: Sec. 602, 78 Stat. 252 (42 U.S.C. 2000d-1).

    Source: 30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 112.1  Purpose.

    The purpose of this part is to effectuate the provisions of Title VI 
of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (hereinafter referred to as the Act) to 
the end that no person in the United States shall, on the ground of 
race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be 
denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination 
under any financial assistance activities of the Small Business 
Administration to which the Act applies.



Sec. 112.2  Application of this part.

    (a) This part applies to all recipients of assistance under programs 
administered by the Small Business Administration. (See appendix A)
    (b) The term Federal financial assistance includes: (1) Grants and 
loans of Federal funds; (2) the grant or donation of Federal property 
and interests in property; (3) the detail of Federal personnel; (4) the 
sale and lease of, and the permission to use (on other than a casual or 
transient basis), Federal property or any interest in such property 
without consideration, or at a nominal consideration, or at a 
consideration which is reduced for the purpose of assisting the 
recipient, or in recognition of the public interest to be served by such 
sale or lease to the recipient; and (5) any Federal agreement, 
arrangement, or other contract which has as one of its purposes the 
provision of assistance.
    (c) This part does not apply to financial assistance extended by way 
of insurance or guarantee.
    (d) The terms applicant and recipient mean, respectively, one who 
applies for and one who receives any of the financial assistance under 
any of the statutes referred to in paragraph (a) of this section. The 
term recipient also shall be deemed to include subrecipients of SBA 
financial assistance, i.e., concerns which secondarily receive financial 
assistance from the primary recipients of such financial assistance.

[30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, as amended at 38 FR 17934, July 5, 1973; 50 FR 
1441 Jan. 11, 1985]



Sec. 112.3  Discrimination prohibited.

    (a) General. To the extent that this part applies, no person in the 
United States shall, on the ground of race, color or national origin be 
excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be 
otherwise subjected to discrimination by any business or other activity.
    (b) Specific discriminatory actions prohibited. (1) To the extent 
that this part applies, a business or other activity

[[Page 95]]

may not, directly or through contractual or other arrangements, on 
ground of race, color or national origin:
    (i) Deny an individual any services, financial aid or other benefit 
provided by the business or other activity;
    (ii) Provide any service, financial aid or other benefit to an 
individual which is different or is provided in a different manner, from 
that provided to others by the business or other activity;
    (iii) Subject an individual to segregation or separate treatment in 
any manner related to his receipt of any service, financial aid or other 
benefit from the business or other activity;
    (iv) Restrict an individual in any way in the enjoyment of any 
advantage or privilege enjoyed by others receiving any service, 
financial aid or other benefit from the business or other activity;
    (v) Treat an individual differently from others in determining 
whether he satisfies any admission, enrollment, quota, eligibility, 
membership or other requirement or condition which individuals must meet 
in order to be provided any service, financial aid or other benefit 
provided by the business or other activity.
    (2) The enumeration of specific forms of prohibited discrimination 
in this paragraph does not limit the generality of the prohibition in 
paragraph (a) of this section.
    (3) This regulation does not prohibit the consideration of race, 
color, or national origin if the purpose and effect are to remove or 
overcome the consequences of practices or impediments which have 
restricted the availability of, or participation in, the program or 
activity receiving Federal financial assistance, on the grounds of race, 
color, or national origin. Where previous discriminatory practice or 
usage tends, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, to 
exclude individuals from participation in, to deny them the benefits of, 
or to subject them to discrimination under any program or activity to 
which this regulation applies, the applicant or recipient has an 
obligation to take reasonable action to remove or overcome the 
consequences of the prior discriminatory practice or usage, and to 
accomplish the purposes of the Act.

[30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, as amended at 38 FR 17934, July 5, 1973]



Sec. 112.4  Discrimination in employment.

    Small business concerns and development companies which apply for or 
receive any financial assistance of the kind described in Sec. 112.2(a) 
(1) and (2), including concerns which are identifiable beneficiaries of 
loans made under Sec. 112.2(a)(2), may not discriminate on the grounds 
of race, color, or national origin in their employment practices. Such 
assistance is deemed to have as a primary objective the providing of 
employment. Where a primary objective of the Federal financial 
assistance is not to provide employment, but discrimination on the 
grounds of race, color, or national origin in the employment practices 
of the recipient or other persons subject to the regulation tends, on 
the grounds of race, color, or national origin, to exclude individuals 
from participation in, to deny them the benefits of, or to subject them 
to discrimination under any program to which this regulation applies, 
the provisions of Sec. 112.7(a) shall apply to the employment practices 
of the recipient or other persons subject to the regulation, to the 
extent necessary to assure equality of opportunity and nondiscriminatory 
treatment.

[38 FR 17934, July 5, 1973]



Sec. 112.5  Discrimination in providing financial assistance.

    Development companies and small business investment companies which 
apply for or receive any of the financial assistance described in 
Sec. 112.2(a) may not discriminate, on the ground of race, color or 
national origin, in providing financial assistance to small business 
concerns.



Sec. 112.6  Discrimination in accommodations or services.

    Small business concerns which apply for or receive any financial 
assistance of the kind described in Sec. 112.2(a)(1), concerns which are 
identifiable beneficiaries of loans made under Sec. 112.2(a)(2), and 
physicians, hospitals, schools, libraries, and other individuals

[[Page 96]]

or organizations which apply for or receive financial assistance of the 
kind described in Sec. 112.2(a)(5), may not discriminate in the 
treatment accommodations or services they provide to their patients, 
students, visitors, guests, members, passengers, or patrons in the 
conduct of such businesses or other enterprises, whether or not operated 
for profit.

[31 FR 2374, Feb. 4, 1966]



Sec. 112.7  Illustrative applications.

    (a) Employment. The discrimination prohibited by Sec. 112.4 includes 
but is not limited to any action (taken directly or through contractual 
or other arrangements) which subjects an individual to discrimination on 
the ground of race, color or national origin in any employment practice, 
including recruitment or recruitment advertising, employment, layoff or 
termination, upgrading, demotion, or transfer, rates of pay or other 
forms of compensation, and use of facilities.
    (b) Financial assistance. The discrimination prohibited by 
Sec. 112.5 includes but is not limited to the failure or refusal, 
because of the race, color, or national origin of a person, to extend a 
loan or equity financing to him or to any business concern of which he 
is an owner or employee; or, in the case of financing which has actually 
been extended, the failure or refusal, because of the race, color, or 
national origin of the borrower or of an owner or employee of the 
borrower, to accord the borrower fair treatment and the customary 
courtesies regarding such matters as default, grace periods and the 
like.
    (c) Accommodations or services. The discrimination prohibited by 
Sec. 112.6 includes but is not limited to the failure or refusal, 
because of the race, color, or national origin of a person, to accept 
him on a nonsegregated basis as a patient, student, visitor, guest, 
member, customer, passenger or patron.
    (d) Affirmative action. (1) In some situations even though past 
discriminatory practices have been abandoned, the consequences of such 
practices continue to impede the full availability of equal opportunity. 
If the efforts required of the applicant or recipient under 
Sec. 112.3(b)(3) to provide information as to the availability of equal 
opportunity, and the rights of individuals under this regulation, have 
failed to overcome these consequences, it will become necessary for such 
applicant or recipient to take additional steps to make equal 
opportunity fully available to racial and nationality groups previously 
subjected to discrimination.
    (2) Even though an applicant or recipient has never used 
discriminatory policies, the opportunities in the business it operates 
may not in fact be equally available to some racial or nationality 
groups. In such circumstances a recipient may properly give special 
consideration to race, color, or national origin to make opportunity 
more widely available to such groups.

[30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, as amended at 38 FR 17934, July 5, 1973]



Sec. 112.8  Assurances required.

    An application for any of the financial assistance described in 
Sec. 112.2(a) shall, as a condition to its approval and the extension of 
such assistance, contain or be accompanied by an assurance that the 
recipient will comply with this part. Such an assurance shall contain 
provisions authorizing the acceleration of the maturity of the 
recipient's financial obligation to the SBA in the event of a failure to 
comply, and provisions which give the United States a right to seek 
judicial enforcement of the terms of the assurance. SBA shall specify 
the form of the foregoing assurance for each program, and the extent to 
which like assurances will be required of contractors and 
subcontractors, transferees, successors in interest, and other 
participants in the program.



Sec. 112.9  Compliance information.

    (a) Cooperation and assistance. SBA shall to the fullest extent 
practicable seek the cooperation of applicants and recipients in 
obtaining compliance with this part and shall provide assistance and 
guidance to applicants and recipients to help them comply voluntarily 
with this part.
    (b) Compliance reports. Each applicant or recipient shall keep such 
records and submit to SBA timely, complete and accurate compliance 
reports at

[[Page 97]]

such times, and in such form and containing such information, as SBA may 
determine to be necessary to enable SBA to ascertain whether the 
applicant or recipient has complied or is complying with this part. In 
the case of a small business concern which receives financial assistance 
from a development company or from a small business investment company, 
such concern shall submit to the company such information as may be 
necessary to enable the company to meet its reporting requirements under 
this part.
    (c) Access to sources of information. Each applicant or recipient 
shall permit access by SBA during normal business hours to such of its 
books, records, accounts, and other sources of information, and its 
facilities as may be pertinent to ascertain compliance with this part. 
Where any information required of an applicant or recipient is in the 
exclusive possession of any other agency, institution or person and this 
agency, institution or person shall fail or refuse to furnish this 
information, the applicant or recipient shall so certify in its report 
and shall set forth what efforts it has made to obtain this information.
    (d) Information to the public. Each recipient shall make available 
to persons entitled under the Act and under this part to protection 
against discrimination by the recipient such information as SBA may find 
necessary to apprise them of their rights to such protection.

[30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, as amended at 38 FR 17934, July 5, 1973]



Sec. 112.10  Conduct of investigations.

    (a) Periodic compliance reviews. SBA shall from time to time review 
the practices of recipients to determine whether they are complying with 
this part.
    (b) Complaints. Any person who believes himself or any specific 
class of individuals to be subjected to discrimination prohibited by 
this part may, by himself or by a representative, file with SBA a 
written complaint. A complaint must be filed not later than 180 days 
from the date of the alleged discrimination, unless the time for filing 
is extended by SBA.
    (c) Investigations. SBA will make a prompt investigation whenever a 
compliance review, report, complaint, or any other information indicates 
a possible failure to comply with this part. The investigation should 
include, where appropriate, a review of the pertinent practices and 
policies of the applicant or recipient, the circumstances under which 
the possible noncompliance with this part occurred, and other factors 
relevant to a determination as to whether the applicant or recipient has 
failed to comply with this part.
    (d) Resolution of matters. (1) If an investigation pursuant to 
paragraph (c) of this section indicates a failure to comply with this 
part, SBA will so inform the applicant or recipient and the matter will 
be resolved by informal means whenever possible. If it has been 
determined that the matter cannot be resolved by informal means, action 
will be taken as provided for in Sec. 112.11.
    (2) If an investigation does not warrant action pursuant to 
paragraph (d)(1) of this section, SBA will so inform the applicant or 
recipient and the complainant, if any, in writing.
    (e) Intimidatory or retaliatory acts prohibited. No applicant or 
recipient or other person shall intimidate, threaten, coerce, or 
discriminate against any individual for the purpose of interfering with 
any right or privilege secured by section 601 of the Act or by this part 
or because he has made a complaint, testified, assisted, or participated 
in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing under this 
part. The identity of complainants shall be kept confidential except to 
the extent necessary to carry out the purposes of this part, including 
the conduct of any investigation, hearing, or judicial proceeding 
arising thereunder.

[30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, as amended at 38 FR 17934, July 5, 1973]



Sec. 112.11  Procedure for effecting compliance.

    (a) General. (1) If there appears to be a failure or threatened 
failure to comply with this part and if the noncompliance or threatened 
noncompliance cannot be corrected by informal means, compliance with 
this part may be effected by suspending, terminating, or refusing any 
financial assistance approved but not yet disbursed to an applicant or, 
in the case of a loan which

[[Page 98]]

has been partially disbursed, by refusing to make further disbursements. 
In addition, compliance may be effected by any other means authorized by 
law.
    (2) Such other means may include but are not limited to (i) legal 
action by SBA to enforce its right, embodied in the assurances described 
in Sec. 112.8, to accelerate the maturity of the recipient's obligation; 
(ii) a reference to the Department of Justice with a recommendation that 
appropriate proceedings be brought to enforce any rights of the United 
States under any law of the United States, including other titles of the 
Act; and (iii) any applicable proceedings under State or local law.
    (b) Noncompliance with Sec. 112.8. If an applicant fails or refuses 
to furnish an assurance required under Sec. 112.8 or otherwise fails or 
refuses to comply with a requirement imposed by or pursuant to that 
section Federal financial assistance may be refused in accordance with 
the procedures of paragraph (c) of this section. SBA shall not be 
required to provide assistance in such a case during the pendency of the 
administrative proceedings under such paragraph except that SBA shall 
continue assistance during the pendency of such proceedings where such 
assistance is due and payable pursuant to an application therefor 
approved prior to the effective date of this part. Such proceedings 
shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of part 134 of this 
chapter by an Administrative Law Judge of the Office of Hearings and 
Appeals, who shall issue an initial decision in the case. The 
Administrator shall be the reviewing official for purposes of 
Sec. 134.228. The applicant's failure to file a timely motion in 
accordance with Secs. 134.222 and 134.211, requesting that the matter be 
scheduled for an oral hearing, shall constitute waiver of the right to 
an oral hearing but shall not prevent the submission of written 
information and argument for the record in accordance with the 
provisions of part 134.
    (c) Conditions precedent. No order suspending, terminating, or 
refusing financial assistance shall become effective until (1) SBA has 
advised the applicant or recipient of his failure to comply and has 
determined that compliance cannot be secured by voluntary means; (2) 
there has been an express finding on the record after an opportunity for 
an oral hearing, of a failure by the applicant or recipient to comply 
with a requirement imposed by or pursuant to this part; (3) the initial 
decision has become final pursuant to Sec. 134.227(b); and (4) the 
expiration of 30 days after SBA has filed with the committee of the 
House and the committee of the Senate having legislative jurisdiction of 
the form of financial assistance involved, a full written report of the 
circumstances and the grounds for such action.
    (d) Other means authorized by law. No action to effect compliance by 
any other means authorized by law shall be taken until (1) SBA has 
determined that compliance cannot be secured by voluntary means; (2) the 
action has been approved by the Administrator or his designee; (3) the 
applicant or recipient or other person has been notified of its failure 
to comply and of the action to be taken to effect compliance; and (4) 
the expiration of at least 10 days from the mailing of such notice to 
the applicant or recipient or other person. During this period of at 
least 10 days from the mailing of such notice to the applicant or 
recipient or other person. During this period of at least 10 days 
additional efforts shall be made to persuade the applicant or recipient 
or other person to comply with this part and to take such corrective 
action as may be appropriate.

[30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, as amended at 38 FR 17934, July 5, 1973; 49 FR 
33629, Aug. 24, 1984; 61 FR 2691, Jan. 29, 1996]



Sec. 112.12  Effect on other regulations; forms and instructions.

    (a) Effect on other regulations. All regulations, orders or like 
directions heretofore issued by SBA which impose requirements designed 
to prohibit any discrimination against individuals on the grounds of 
race, color, or national origin and which authorize the suspension or 
termination of or refusal to grant to or to continue financial 
assistance to any applicant for or recipient of such assistance for 
failure to comply with such requirements, are hereby superseded to the 
extent that such discrimination is prohibited by this part,

[[Page 99]]

except that nothing in this part shall be deemed to relieve any person 
of any obligation assumed or imposed under any such superseded 
regulation, order, instruction, or like direction prior to the effective 
date of this part. Nothing in this part, however, shall be deemed to 
supersede any of the following (including future amendments thereof):
    (1) Executive Order 11246 and regulations issued thereunder, or (2) 
any other orders, regulations or instructions, insofar as such order, 
regulations, or instructions prohibit discrimination on the grounds of 
race, color, or national origin in any program or situation to which 
this part is inapplicable or prohibit discrimination on any other 
ground.
    (b) Forms and instructions. SBA shall issue and promptly make 
available to interested persons forms and detailed instructions and 
procedures for effectuating this part.
    (c) Supervision and coordination. The Administrator may from time to 
time assign to officials of SBA or to officials of other agencies of the 
Government with the consent of such agencies, responsibilities in 
connection with the effectuation of the purpose of Title VI of the Act 
and this part (other than responsibility for final decision as provided 
in Sec. 112.13), including the achievement of effective coordination and 
maximum uniformity within SBA and within the Executive Branch of the 
Government in the application of Title VI and this part to similar 
programs and in similar situations. Any action taken, determination 
made, or requirement imposed by an official of another Department or 
agency acting pursuant to an assignment of responsibility under this 
subsection shall have the same effect as though such action had been 
taken by the Administrator of SBA.

[30 FR 298, Jan. 9, 1965, as amended at 38 FR 17935, July 5, 1973. 
Redesignated at 49 FR 33629, Aug. 24, 1984]

                         Appendix A to Part 112

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Name of program                         Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Financial Programs
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Regular business loans....................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a) and 7(a)(11).
Handicapped assistance loans..............  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(10)
Small business energy loans...............  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(12).
Small general contractors.................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(9).
Vietnam-era and Disabled Veterans Loan      Pub. L. 97-72.
 Program.
Debtor State development company loans      Small Business Investment
 (501) and their small business concerns.    Act, title V, and Small
                                             Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(13).
Debtor small business investment companies  Small Business Investment
 and their small business concerns.          Act, title III.
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Disaster Loans
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Physical..................................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(b)(1).
Economic injury (EIDL)....................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(b)(2).
Federal action--economic injury...........  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(b)(3).
Currency fluctuation--economic injury.....  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(b)(4).
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Nonfinancial Programs
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Women's business enterprise...............  Executive Order 12138.
Small business innovation and research....  Small Business Act, sec. 9.
Procurement automated source system.......  Small Business Act, sec. 8
                                             and Pub. L. 96-302.
Business Development Program..............  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(a) and Pub. L. 95-507, as
                                             amended by Pub. L. 96-481.
Small Business Institute Program..........  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(b)(1) and Pub. L. 85-536.
Certificate of competency.................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(b)(7) and Pub. L 95-89.
Subcontracting Assistance Program.........  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(d) and and Pub. L. 95-
                                             507.
Technology Assistance Program.............  Small Business Act, sec. 9.
Small business development centers........  Small Business Act, sec. 21
                                             and Pub. L. 96-302.
International Trade Program...............  Small Business Act, sec. 22
                                             and Pub. L. 96-481.
Service Corps of Retired Executives and     Small Business Act, secs.
 Active Corps of Executives.                 101 and 8(b)(1) and Pub. L.
                                             95-510.
Veterans affairs programs.................  Pub. L. 93-237.
Private sector initiatives................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(b)(1).
------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 100]]

    Note: All programs listed above are also covered by part 113 of 
title 13 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

[50 FR 1441, Jan. 11, 1985]



PART 113--NONDISCRIMINATION IN FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF SBA--EFFECTUATION OF POLICIES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND SBA ADMINISTRATOR--Table of Contents




Sec.
113.1  Purpose.
113.2  Definitions.
113.3  Discrimination prohibited.
113.3-1  Consideration of race, color, religion, sex, marital status, 
          handicap or national origin.
113.3-2  Accommodations to religious observance and practice.
113.3-3  Structural accommodations for handicapped clients.
113.4  Assurances required.
113.5  Compliance information.
113.6  Conduct of investigations.
113.7  Procedure for effecting compliance.
113.8  Effect on other regulations, forms and instructions.

Appendix A to Part 113

    Authority: Secs. 5, 308, 72 Stat. 385, 694, as amended; 15 U.S.C. 
633, 634, 687, 1691; 20 U.S.C. 1681-1686; 29 U.S.C. 794.

    Source: 44 FR 20068, Apr. 4, 1979, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 113.1  Purpose.

    (a) Part 112 of this chapter, issued pursuant to Title VI of the 
Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, 
color, or national origin by some recipients of financial assistance 
from SBA. The purpose of this part is to reflect to the fullest extent 
possible the nondiscrimination policies of the Federal Government as 
expressed in the several statutes, Executive Orders, and messages of the 
President dealing with civil rights and equality of opportunity, and in 
the previous determination of the Administrator of the Small Business 
Administration that discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, 
marital status, handicap or national origin shall be prohibited, to the 
extent that it is not prohibited by part 112 of this chapter, to all 
recipients of financial assistance from SBA.
    (b) In accordance with Pub. L. 94-239, 15 U.S.C. 1691, cited as the 
Equal Credit Act Amendments of 1976, it is unlawful for any recipient 
creditor to discriminate against any applicant, with respect to any 
aspect of a credit transaction because of race, color, religion, 
national origin, sex, marital status, age: (Provided, the applicant has 
the capacity to contract), because all or part of the applicant's income 
derives from any public assistance program, or because the applicant has 
in good faith exercised any right under the Consumer Credit Protection 
Act.
    (c) It is the intention of the Administrator that the prohibitions 
in this part supplement those in part 112 of this chapter, that the two 
parts be read in pari materia, and that the procedures established 
herein be harmonized to the maximum extent feasible with those 
established in part 112 of this chapter.



Sec. 113.2  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    (a) The term Federal financial assistance includes (1) grants and 
loans of Federal funds, (2) the grant or donation of Federal property 
and interests in property, (3) the detail of Federal personnel, (4) the 
sale and lease of, and the permission to use (on other than a casual or 
transient basis), Federal property or any interest in such property 
without consideration, or at a nominal consideration, or at a 
consideration which is reduced for the purpose of assisting the 
recipient, or in recognition of the public interest to be served by such 
sale or lease to the recipient, and (5) any Federal agreement, 
arrangement, or other contract which has as one of its purposes the 
provision of assistance.
    (b) The terms applicant and recipient mean, respectively, one who 
applies for and one who receives any of the financial assistance under 
any of the statutes referred to in paragraph (a) of this section. The 
term recipient also shall be deemed to include subrecipients of SBA 
financial assistance, i.e., concerns which secondarily receive financial 
assistance from the primary recipients of

[[Page 101]]

such financial assistance. For the purposes of this part, a paragraph 
(b) lender (13 CFR 120.4(b)) shall be deemed a recipient of financial 
assistance.
    (c) The term religion includes all aspects of religious observance 
and practice, as well as belief.
    (d) The term qualified handicapped person means (1) with respect to 
employment, a handicapped person who, with reasonable accommodation, can 
perform the essential functions of the job in question and (2) with 
respect to services, a handicapped person who meets the essential 
eligibility requirements for the receipt of such services.
    (e) The term handicapped person, as defined by the guideline set 
forth by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in Sec. 85.31 
of title 45 of the CFR (43 FR 2137, dated January 13, 1978), means any 
person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits 
one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, 
or is regarded as having such an impairment.
    (f) As used in paragraph (e) of this section, the phrase:
    (1) Physical or mental impairment means (i) any physiological 
disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss 
affecting one or more of the following body systems: Neurological; 
musculoskeletal; special sense organs; respiratory, including speech 
organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive; genitourinary; hemic 
and lymphatic; skin; and endocrine; or (ii) any mental or psychological 
disorder, such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional 
or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities. The term physical 
or mental impairment includes, but is not limited to, such diseases and 
conditions as orthopedic, visual, speech, and hearing impairments, 
cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, 
cancer, heart disease, diabetes, mental retardation, emotional illness, 
drug addiction and alcoholism.
    (2) Major life activities means functions such as caring for one's 
self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, 
breathing, learning, and working.
    (3) Has a record of such an impairment means has a history of, or 
has been misclassified as having, a mental or physical impairment that 
substantially limits one or more major life activities.
    (4) Is regarded as having an impairment means (i) has a physical or 
mental impairment that does not substantially limit major life 
activities but is treated by a recipient as constituting such a 
limitation; (ii) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially 
limits major life activities only as a result of the attitudes of others 
toward such impairment; or (iii) has none of the impairments defined in 
paragraph (f)(1) of this section but is treated by a recipient as having 
such an impairment.
    (g) The term reasonable accommodation as used in these Regulations 
may include: (1) making facilities used by employees readily accessible 
to and usable by handicapped persons; and (2) job restructuring, part-
time or modified work schedules, acquisition or modification of 
equipment or devices, the provision of readers or interpreters, and 
other similar actions.
    (h) The term facility means all or any portion of buildings, 
structures, equipment, roads, walks, parking lots, or other real or 
personal property.

[44 FR 20068, Apr. 4, 1979, as amended at 48 FR 14891, Apr. 6, 1983]



Sec. 113.3  Discrimination prohibited.

    To the extent not covered or prohibited by part 112 of this chapter, 
recipients of financial assistance may not:
    (a) Discriminate with regard to goods, services, or accommodations 
offered or provided by the aided business or other enterprise, whether 
or not operated for profit, because of race, color, religion, sex, 
handicap, or national origin of a person, or fail or refuse to accept a 
person on a nonsegregated basis as a patient, student, visitor, guest, 
customer, passenger, or patron.
    (b) With regard to employment practices within the aided business or 
other enterprise, whether or not operated for profit; fail or refuse, 
because of race, color, religion, sex or national origin of a person, to 
seek or retain the person's services, or to provide the person with 
opportunities for advancement or promotion, or accord an employee the

[[Page 102]]

rank and rate of compensation, including fringe benefits, merited by the 
employee's services and abilities.
    (c) With regard to employment practices within the aided business or 
other enterprise, whether or not operated for profit; discriminate 
against a qualified handicapped person; or because of handicap, fail or 
refuse to seek or retain the person's services or to provide the person 
with opportunities for advancement or promotion, or accord an employee 
the rank and rate of compensation, including fringe benefits, merited by 
the employee's services and abilities. All employment decisions shall be 
made in a manner which ensures that discrimination on the basis of 
handicap does not occur. Such decisions may not limit, segregate, or 
classify job applicants or employees in any way that adversely affects 
the opportunities or status of qualified handicapped individuals.
    (d) Participate in a contractual or other relationship that has the 
effect of subjecting job applicants or employees to discrimination 
prohibited by this part. The relationships referred to in this paragraph 
include those with employment and referral agencies, labor unions, 
organizations providing or administering fringe benefits to employees of 
the recipient, and organizations providing training and apprenticeship 
programs. Activities covered by this part are as follows:
    (1) Recruitment, advertising, and the processing of applications for 
employment;
    (2) Hiring, upgrading, promotion, award of tenure, demotion, 
transfer, layoff, termination, right of return from layoff, and 
rehiring;
    (3) Rates of pay or any other form of compensation and changes in 
compensation;
    (4) Job assignments, job classifications, organizational structures, 
position descriptions, lines of progression, and seniority lists;
    (5) Leaves of absence, sick leave, or any other leave;
    (6) Fringe benefits available by virtue of employment, whether or 
not administered by the recipient;
    (7) Selection and financial support for training, including 
apprenticeship, professional meetings, conferences, and other related 
activities, and selection for leaves of absence to pursue training;
    (8) Employer sponsored activities, including social or recreational 
programs; and
    (9) Any other term, condition, or privilege of employment.
    (e) Use employment tests or criteria that discriminate on the basis 
of race, color, religion, sex, marital status, handicap, or national 
origin. Employment tests which are used for all other job applicants 
shall be adapted in an appropriate mode for use by persons who have 
handicaps that impair sensory, manual, or speaking skills.
    (f) Conduct a preemployment medical examination, unless required of 
all job applicants, and subsequent to a conditional offer of employment. 
The results of all such medical examinations shall be kept confidential.
    (g) Make a preemployment inquiry as to whether a job applicant is a 
handicapped person or as to the nature or severity of a handicap: EXCEPT 
when a recipient is taking remedial action to overcome the effects of 
conditions which resulted in past discrimination, or when a recipient is 
taking affirmative action pursuant to section 503 of the Rehabilitation 
Act of 1973, as amended.
    (1) Such preemployment inquiry may only be made after the job 
applicant has been informed that such disclosure is for the purposes set 
forth in paragraph (g) of this section; that the disclosure is voluntary 
and will be kept confidential; and that refusal of the job applicant to 
provide such information will not subject the applicant to any adverse 
action.
    (2) Information elicited from qualified handicapped job applicants 
concerning their medical history or condition shall be kept confidential 
EXCEPT that:
    (i) Supervisors and managers may be informed about restrictions on 
or accommodations to be made for the qualified handicapped individual;
    (ii) First aid and safety personnel may be informed, where 
appropriate, of the need for possible emergency treatment; and

[[Page 103]]

    (iii) Compliance officials shall be given relevant information, if 
requested.
    (h) Discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, handicap or 
national origin in the use of toilets or any facilities for rest or 
comfort. Discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, 
handicap or national origin in the use of cafeterias, recreational 
programs or other programs sponsored by the applicant or recipient.
    (i) With regard to all recipients offering credit, such as Small 
Business Investment Companies and Community Development Companies, 
discriminate against debtors on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, 
marital status, handicap, or national origin.
    (j) With regard to the granting of credit by all recipient 
creditors, discriminate against any credit applicant, with respect to 
any aspect of a credit transaction because of race, color, religion, 
national origin, sex, marital status, handicap, age (provided the 
applicant has the capacity to contract), because all or part of the 
applicant's income derives from any public assistance program, or 
because the applicant has in good faith exercised any right under the 
Consumer Credit Protection Act.



Sec. 113.3-1  Consideration of race, color, religion, sex, marital status, handicap, or national origin.

    (a) This regulation does not prohibit the consideration of race, 
color, religion, sex, marital status, handicap, or national origin if 
the purpose and effect are to remove or overcome the consequences of 
practices or impediments which have restricted the availability of, or 
participation in, the program or activity receiving Federal financial 
assistance, on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, marital 
status, handicap, or national origin. Where previous discriminatory 
practices or usage tends, on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, 
marital status, handicap, or national origin, to exclude individuals 
from participation in, to deny them the benefits of, or to subject them 
to discrimination under any program or activity to which this regulation 
applies, the applicant or recipient has an obligation to take reasonable 
action to remove or overcome the consequences of the prior 
discriminatory practice or usage, and to accomplish the purposes of this 
regulation. All programs and activities shall be administered in the 
most integrated setting possible.
    (b) Nothing in this part shall prohibit the restriction of certain 
jobs to members of one sex if a bona fide occupational qualification can 
be demonstrated by the applicant or recipient. Custom or tradition is 
not a bona fide occupational qualification.
    (c) Recipients shall take steps to ensure that communications with 
job applicants and employees who have vision and/or hearing disabilities 
are available in appropriate modes.
    (d) Recipients shall make reasonable accommodation to the known 
physical or mental limitations of an otherwise qualified handicapped job 
applicant or employee UNLESS the recipient can demonstrate that the 
accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the 
business. Factors to be considered in determining whether an 
accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the operation of a 
recipient's business include:
    (1) The overall size of the recipient's business with respect to 
number of employees, number and type of facilities, size of budget, and 
the financial condition of the business;
    (2) The type of the recipient's operation, including the composition 
and structure of the recipient's workforce; and
    (3) The nature and cost of the accommodation needed.
    (e) Such accommodation may include making facilities used by 
employees readily accessible to and usable by handicapped persons, job 
restructuring, part-time or modified work schedules, acquisition or 
modification of equipment or devices, the provision of readers or 
interpreters, and other similar actions.
    (f) The final decision, when making a review or investigation of a 
complaint, as to whether an accommodation would impose an undue hardship 
on the operation of a recipient business will be made by the compliance 
officials of the Small Business Administration.

[[Page 104]]

    (g) Recipients shall administer programs and activities in the most 
integrated setting appropriate to the needs of qualified handicapped 
persons, and shall not participate in a contractual relationship that 
has the effect of subjecting qualified handicapped job applicants or 
employees to discrimination prohibited by this part. The relationships 
referred to in this paragraph include those with referral agencies, 
labor unions, organizations providing or administering fringe benefits 
to employees of the recipient, and organizations providing training and 
apprenticeship programs.
    (h) Nothing in this part shall apply to a religious corporation, 
association, educational institution or society with respect to the 
membership or the employment of individuals of a particular religion to 
perform work connected with the carrying on by such corporation, 
association, educational institution or society of its religious 
activities.



Sec. 113.3-2  Accommodations to religious observance and practice.

    A recipient of financial assistance must accommodate to the 
religious observances and practices of an employee or prospective 
employee unless the recipient demonstrates that it is unable to 
reasonably accommodate to an employee's or prospective employee's 
religious observance or practice without undue hardship on the conduct 
of the employer's business. As part of this obligation, recipient must 
make reasonable accommodations to the religious observances and 
practices of an employee or prospective employee who regularly observes 
Friday evening and Saturday, or some other day of the week, as Sabbath 
and/or who observes certain religious holidays during the year and who 
is conscientiously opposed to performing work or engaging in similar 
activity on such days, when such accommodations can be made without 
undue hardship on the conduct of the employer's business. In determining 
the extent of a recipient's obligations under this section, at least the 
following factors should be considered: (a) Business necessity, (b) 
financial costs and expenses, and (c) resulting personnel problems.



Sec. 113.3-3  Structural accommodations for handicapped clients.

    (a) Existing facilities. Recipients in preexisting structures shall 
make their goods or services accessible to and usable by handicapped 
clients. Where structural changes are necessary to make the recipient's 
goods or services accessible, such changes shall be made as soon as 
practicable, but in no event later than three years after the effective 
date of this Regulation. A plan setting forth the steps necessary to 
complete such structural changes shall be developed and submitted to 
SBA. If practical, interested persons, including handicapped persons or 
organizations representing handicapped persons, will be consulted.
    (b) Design, construction, and alteration. New facilities shall be 
designed and constructed to be readily accessible to and usable by 
persons with handicaps. Alterations to existing facilities that affect 
usability shall, to the maximum extent feasible, be designed and 
constructed to be readily accessible to and usable by handicapped 
persons.
    (c) Conformance with Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards. (1) 
Effective as of January 18, 1991, design, construction, or alteration of 
buildings in conformance with sections 3-8 of the Uniform Federal 
Accessibility Standards (UFAS) (appendix A to 41 CFR subpart 101-19.6) 
shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of this section with 
respect to those buildings. Departures from particular technical and 
scoping requirements of UFAS by the use of other methods are permitted 
where substantially equivalent or greater access to and usability of the 
building is provided.
    (2) For purposes of this section, section 4.1.6(1)(g) of UFAS shall 
be interpreted to exempt from the requirements of UFAS only mechanical 
rooms and other spaces that, because of their intended use, will not 
require accessibility to the public or beneficiaries or result in the 
employment or residence therein of persons with physical handicaps.
    (3) This section does not require recipients to make building 
alterations

[[Page 105]]

that have little likelihood of being accomplished without removing or 
altering a load-bearing structural member.

[44 FR 20068, Apr. 4, 1979, as amended at 45 FR 81734, Dec. 12, 1980; 55 
FR 52138, 52140, Dec. 19, 1990]



Sec. 113.4  Assurances required.

    An application for financial assistance shall, as a condition to its 
approval and the extension of such assistance, contain or be accompanied 
by an assurance that the recipient will comply with this part. Such an 
assurance shall contain provisions authorizing the acceleration of the 
maturity of the recipient's financial obligations to SBA in the event of 
a failure to comply, and provisions which give the United States a right 
to seek judicial enforcement of the terms of the assurance. SBA shall 
specify the form of the foregoing assurance for each program, and the 
extent to which like assurances will be required of contractors and 
subcontractors, transferees, successors in interest, and other 
participants in the program.



Sec. 113.5  Compliance information.

    (a) Cooperation and assistance: SBA shall to the fullest extent 
practicable seek the cooperation of applicants and recipients in 
obtaining compliance with this part and shall provide assistance and 
guidance to applicants and recipients to help them comply voluntarily 
with this part. Recipients are expected to continually evaluate their 
compliance status, with the assistance of interested persons, including 
handicapped persons or organizations representing handicapped persons.
    (b) Compliance reports: Each applicant or recipient shall keep such 
records and submit to SBA timely, complete and accurate compliance 
reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information, 
as SBA may determine to be necessary to enable SBA to ascertain whether 
the applicant or recipient has complied or is complying with this part. 
In the case of a small business concern which receives financial 
assistance from a development company or from a small business 
investment company, such concern shall submit to the company such 
information as may be necessary to enable the company to meet its 
reporting requirements under this part.
    (c) Access to sources of information: Each applicant or recipient 
shall permit access by SBA during normal business hours to such of its 
books, records, accounts and other sources of information, and its 
facilities as may be pertinent to ascertain compliance with this part. 
Where any information required of an applicant or recipient is in the 
exclusive possession of any other agency, institution or person; and 
such agency, institution or person shall fail or refuse to furnish this 
information, the applicant or recipient shall so certify in its report 
and shall set forth what efforts it has made to obtain this information.
    (d) Information to the Public. Each recipient shall make available 
to persons entitled under this part to protection against discrimination 
by the recipient such information as SBA may find necessary to apprise 
them of their rights to such protection.
    (1) In some situations even though past discriminatory practices 
have been abandoned, the consequences of such practices continue to 
impede the full availability of equal opportunity. If the efforts 
required of the applicant or recipient under Sec. 113.5(b) to provide 
information as to the availability of equal opportunity, and the rights 
of individuals under this regulation, have failed to overcome these 
consequences, it will become necessary for such applicant or recipient 
to take additional steps to make equal opportunity fully available to 
racial, qualified handicapped, nationality groups and persons who 
because of their sex were previously subjected to discrimination.
    (2) Even though an applicant or recipient has never used 
discriminatory policies, the opportunities in the business it operates 
may not in fact be equally available to some racial, qualified 
handicapped, or nationality groups. In such circumstances a recipient 
may properly give special consideration to race, color, religion, sex, 
marital status, qualified handicap or national origin to make the 
opportunities more widely available to such groups.

[[Page 106]]



Sec. 113.6  Conduct of investigations.

    (a) Periodic compliance reviews. SBA shall from time to time review 
the practices of recipients to determine whether they are complying with 
this part.
    (b) Complaints. Any person who believes that he, she or any class of 
individuals has been subjected to discrimination prohibited by this part 
may, personally or through a representative, file with SBA a written 
complaint. A complaint must be filed not later than 180 days from the 
date of the alleged discrimination, unless the time for filing is 
extended by SBA.
    (c) Investigations. SBA will make a prompt investigation whenever a 
compliance review, report, complaint, or any other information indicates 
a possible failure to comply with this part. The investigation should 
include, where appropriate, a review of the pertinent practices and 
policies of the applicant or recipient, the circumstances under which 
the possible noncompliance with this part occurred, and other factors 
relevant to a determination as to whether the applicant or recipient has 
failed to comply with this part.
    (d) Resolution of matters. (1) If an investigation pursuant to 
paragraph (c) of this section indicates a failure to comply with this 
part, SBA will so inform the applicant or recipient and the matter will 
be resolved by informal means whenever possible. If it has been 
determined that the matter cannot be resolved by informal means, action 
will be taken as provided for in Sec. 113.7.
    (2) If an investigation does not warrant action pursuant to 
paragraph (d)(1) of this section, SBA will so inform the applicant or 
recipient and the complainant, if any, in writing.
    (e) Intimidatory or retaliatory acts prohibited. No applicant or 
recipient or other person shall intimidate, threaten, coerce, or 
discriminate against any individual for the purpose of interfering with 
any right or privilege secured by this part or because he has made a 
complaint, testified, assisted, or participated in any manner in an 
investigation, proceeding, or hearing under this part. The identity of 
complainants shall be kept confidential except to the extent necessary 
to carry out the purposes of this part, including the conduct of any 
investigation, hearing, or judicial proceeding arising thereunder.



Sec. 113.7  Procedure for effecting compliance.

    (a) General. (1) If there appears to be a failure or threatened 
failure to comply with this part and if the noncompliance or threatened 
noncompliance cannot be corrected by informal means, compliance with 
this part may be effected by suspending, terminating, or refusing any 
financial assistance approved but not yet disbursed to an applicant. In 
the case of loans partially or fully disbursed, compliance with this 
part may be effected by calling, canceling, terminating, accelerating 
repayment, or suspending in whole or in part the financial assistance 
provided. In addition compliance may be effected by any other means 
authorized by law.
    (2) Such other means may include but are not limited to (i) legal 
action by SBA to enforce its rights, embodied in the assurances 
described in Sec. 113.4; (ii) a reference to the Department of Justice 
with a recommendation that appropriate proceedings be brought to enforce 
any rights of the United States under any law of the United States; and 
(iii) any applicable proceedings under State or local law.
    (b) Noncompliance with Sec. 113.4. If an applicant fails or refuses 
to furnish an assurance required under Sec. 113.4 or otherwise fails or 
refuses to comply with a requirement imposed by or pursuant to that 
section, Federal financial assistance may be refused in accordance with 
the procedures of paragraph (c) of this section. SBA shall not be 
required to provide assistance in such a case during the pendency of the 
administrative proceedings under such paragraph except that SBA shall 
continue assistance during the pendency of such proceedings where such 
assistance is due and payable pursuant to an application therefor 
approved prior to the effective date of this part. Such proceedings 
shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of part 134 of this 
chapter by an Administrative Law Judge of the Office of Hearings and 
Appeals, who shall issue an initial decision in the case. The 
Admininstrator shall be the reviewing official for purposes of

[[Page 107]]

Sec. 134.228. The applicant's failure to file a timely motion in 
accordance with Secs. 134.222 and 134.211, requesting that the matter be 
scheduled for an oral hearing, shall constitute waiver of the right to 
an oral hearing but shall not prevent the submission of written 
information and argument for the record in accordance with the 
provisions of part 134.
    (c) Condition precedent. Under this part 113, no order suspending, 
terminating, refusing, calling, canceling, or accelerating repayment of 
financial assistance in whole or in part shall become effective until 
(1) SBA has advised the applicant or recipient of his failure to comply 
and has determined that compliance cannot be secured by voluntary means; 
(2) there has been an express finding on the record after an opportunity 
for an oral hearing, of a failure by the applicant or recipient to 
comply with a requirement imposed by or pursuant to this part; and (3) 
the initial decision has become final pursuant to Sec. 134.227(b).
    (d) Other means authorized by law. No action to effect compliance by 
any other means authorized by law shall be taken until:
    (1) SBA has determined that compliance cannot be secured by 
voluntary means.
    (2) The action has been approved by the Administrator or the 
Administrator's designee.
    (3) The applicant or recipient or other person has been notified of 
its failure to comply and of the action to be taken to effect 
compliance.
    (4) The expiration of at least 10 days from the mailing of such 
notice to the applicant or recipient or other person. During this period 
of at least 10 days, additional efforts shall be made to persuade the 
applicant or recipient or other person to comply with this part and to 
take such corrective action as may be appropriate.

[44 FR 20068, Apr. 4, 1979, as amended at 49 FR 33629, Aug. 24, 1984; 61 
FR 2691, Jan. 29, 1996]



Sec. 113.8  Effect on other regulations, forms and instructions.

    (a) Effect on other regulations. All regulations, orders of like 
directions heretofore issued by SBA which impose requirements designed 
to prohibit any discrimination against individuals on the grounds of 
race, color, religion, sex, handicap, marital status, age, or national 
origin and which authorize the suspension or termination of a refusal to 
grant to or to continue financial assistance to any applicant for or 
recipient of such assistance for failure to comply with such 
requirements, are hereby superseded to the extent that such 
discrimination is prohibited by this part, except that nothing in this 
part shall be deemed to relieve any person of any obligation assumed or 
imposed under any such superseded regulation, order, instruction or like 
direction prior to the effective date of this part.
    (b) Forms and instructions. SBA shall issue and promptly make 
available to interested persons forms and detailed instructions and 
procedures for effectuating this part.
    (c) Supervision and coordination. The Administrator may from time-
to-time assign to officials of SBA or to officials of other agencies of 
the Government, with the consent of such agencies, responsibilities in 
connection with the effectuation of the purposes of this part (other 
than responsibility of first decisions as provided in Sec. 113.9) 
including the achievement of effective coordination and maximum 
uniformity within SBA and within the executive branch of the Government 
in the application of this part and of comparable regulations issued by 
other agencies of the Government to similar situations. Any action 
taken, determination made, or requirement imposed by an official of 
another department or agency acting pursuant to an assignment of 
responsibility under this subsection shall have the same effect as 
though such action had been taken by the Administrator of SBA.

[44 FR 20068, Apr. 4, 1979. Redesignated at 49 FR 33629, Aug. 24, 1984]

                         Appendix A to Part 113

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Name of program                         Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Financial Programs
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Regular business loans....................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a).
Handicapped assistance loans..............  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(10).

[[Page 108]]

 
Small business energy loans...............  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(12).
Small general contractors loans...........  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(9).
Export revolving line of credit...........  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(14).
Vietnam-era and Disabled Veterans Loan      Pub. L. 97-72.
 Program.
Debtor State development company loans      Small Business Investment
 (501) and their small business concerns.    Act, Title V and Small
                                             Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(13).
Debtor State and local development company  Small Business Investment
 loans (502) and their small business        Act, Title V and Small
 concerns.                                   Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(13).
Debtor certified development companies      Small Business Investment
 (503) and their small business concerns.    Act, Title V and Small
                                             Business Act, sec.
                                             7(a)(13).
Debtor small business investment companies  Small Business Investment
 and their small business concerns.          Act, Title III.
Pollution Control.........................  Small Business Investment
                                             Act, Title IV, Part A.
Surety bond guarantees....................  Small Business Investment
                                             Act, Title IV, Part B.
Lease guarantees (not funded) disaster      Small Business Investment
 loans.                                      Act, Title IV.
Physical..................................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(b)(1).
Economic injury (EIDL)....................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(b)(2).
Federal action--economic injury...........  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             7(b)(3).
Currency fluctuation--economic injury.....  Small Business Act, sec
                                             7(b)(4).
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Nonfinancial Programs
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Women's business enterprise...............  Executive Order 12138.
Small business innovation and research....  Small Business Act, sec. 9.
Procurement automated source system.......  Small Business Act, sec. 8
                                             and Pub. L. 96-302.
Business Development Program..............  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(a) and Pub. L. 95-507, as
                                             amended by Pub. L. 96-481.
Small Business Institute..................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(b)(1).
Certificate of competency.................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(b)(7) and Pub. L. 95-89.
Subcontracting Assistance Program.........  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(d) and Pub. L. 95-507.
Technology Assistance Program.............  Small Business Act, sec. 9.
Small business development centers........  Small Business Act, sec. 21
                                             and Pub. L. 96-302.
International Trade Program...............  Small Business Act, sec. 22
                                             and Pub. L. 96-481.
Service Corps of Retired Executives and     Small Business Act, secs.
 Active Corps of Executives.                 101 and 8(b)(1) and Pub. L.
                                             95-510.
Veterans Affairs Programs.................  Pub. L. 93-237.
Private sector initiatives................  Small Business Act, sec.
                                             8(b)(1).
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[50 FR 1442, Jan. 11, 1985]



PART 114--ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS ACT AND REPRESENTATION AND INDEMNIFICATION OF SBA EMPLOYEES--Table of Contents




                  Subpart A--Administrative Tort Claims

Sec.
114.100  Definitions.
114.101  What do these regulations cover?
114.102  When and where do I present a claim?
114.103  Who may file a claim?
114.104  What evidence and information may SBA require relating to my 
          claim?
114.105  Who investigates and considers my claim?
114.106  What if my claim exceeds $5,000?
114.107  What if my claim exceeds $25,000 or has other special features?
114.108  What if my claim is approved?
114.109  What if my claim is denied?

     Subpart B--Representation and Indemnification of SBA Employees

114.110  What is SBA's policy with respect to indemnifying and providing 
          legal representation to SBA employees?
114.111  Does the attorney-client privilege apply when SBA employees are 
          represented by the Government?

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 634 (b)(1), (b)(6); 28 U.S.C. 2672; 28 CFR 
14.11.

    Source: 61 FR 2401, Jan. 26, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



                  Subpart A--Administrative Tort Claims



Sec. 114.100  Definitions.

    As used throughout this part 114, date of accrual means the date you 
know or reasonably should have known of your injury. The date of accrual 
will depend on the facts of each case. Site means the geographic 
location where the incident giving rise to your claim occurred.



Sec. 114.101  What do these regulations cover?

    This part applies only to monetary claims you assert under the 
Federal Tort Claims Act, 28 U.S.C. 2671 et seq., for injury to or loss 
of property, personal injury, or death arising from the negligent or 
wrongful act or omission of any SBA employee acting within the scope of 
his or her employment.

[[Page 109]]



Sec. 114.102  When and where do I present a claim?

    You must present your claim within two years of the date of accrual 
at the SBA District Office nearest to the site and within the same state 
as the site. You must use an official form obtained from SBA or give 
other written notice of your claim, stating the specific amount of your 
alleged damages and providing enough information to enable SBA to 
investigate your claim. Your claim will be considered presented when SBA 
receives this information.



Sec. 114.103  Who may file a claim?

    (a) If a claim is based on factors listed in the first column, then 
it may be presented by persons listed in the second column.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Claim factors                      Claim presenters
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Injury to or loss of property.............  The owner of the property,
                                             his or her duly authorized
                                             agent, or legal
                                             representative.
Personal injury...........................  The injured person, his or
                                             her duly authorized agent,
                                             or legal representative.
Death.....................................  The executor, administrator,
                                             or legal representative of
                                             the decedent's estate, or
                                             any other person entitled
                                             to assert the claim under
                                             applicable state law.
Loss wholly compensated by an insurer with  The parties individually, as
 rights as a subrogee.                       their interests appear, or
                                             jointly.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) An agent or legal representative may present your claim in your 
name, but must sign the claim, state his or her title or legal capacity, 
and include documentation of authority to present the claim on your 
behalf.



Sec. 114.104  What evidence and information may SBA require relating to my claim?

    (a) For a claim based on injury to or loss of property:
    (1) Proof you own the property.
    (2) A specific statement of the damage you claim with respect to 
each item of property.
    (3) Itemized receipts for payment for necessary repairs or itemized 
written estimates of the cost of such repairs.
    (4) A statement listing date of purchase, purchase price and salvage 
value, where repair is not economical.
    (5) Full information about potential insurance coverage and any 
insurance claims or payments relating to your claim.
    (6) Any other information that may be relevant to the government's 
alleged liability or the damages you claim.
    (b) For a claim based on personal injury, including pain and 
suffering:
    (1) A written report from your health care provider stating the 
nature and extent of your injury and treatment, the degree of your 
temporary or permanent disability, your prognosis, period of 
hospitalization, and any diminished earning capacity.
    (2) A written report following a physical, dental or mental 
examination of you by a physician employed by SBA or another Federal 
Agency. If you want a copy of this report, you must request it in 
writing, furnish SBA with the written report of your health care 
provider, if SBA requests it, and make or agree to make available to SBA 
any other medical reports relevant to your claim.
    (3) Itemized bills for medical, dental and hospital expenses you 
have incurred, or itemized receipts of payment for these expenses.
    (4) Your health care provider's written statement of the expected 
expenses related to any necessary future treatment.
    (5) A statement from your employer showing actual time lost from 
employment, whether you are a full or part-time employee, and the wages 
or salary you actually lost.
    (6) Documentary evidence showing the amount of earnings you actually 
lost if you are self-employed.
    (7) Information about the existence of insurance coverage and any 
insurance claims or payments relating to the claim in question.
    (8) Any other information that may be relevant to the government's 
alleged liability or the damages you claim.
    (c) For a claim based on death:
    (1) An authenticated death certificate or other competent evidence 
showing cause of death, date of death, and age of the decedent.
    (2) Evidence of decedent's employment or occupation at the time of

[[Page 110]]

death, including monthly or yearly salary or earnings, and the duration 
of such employment or occupation.
    (3) Full names, addresses, birth dates, kinship, and marital status 
of the decedent's survivors, including identification of those survivors 
who were dependent upon the decedent for support at the time of his or 
her death.
    (4) Evidence of the support provided by the decedent to each 
dependent survivor at the time of his or her death.
    (5) A summary of the decedent's general physical and mental 
condition before death.
    (6) Itemized bills or receipts for payments for medical and burial 
expenses.
    (7) For pain and suffering damage claims, a physician's detailed 
statement specifying the injuries suffered, the duration of pain and 
suffering, any drugs administered for pain, and the decedent's physical 
condition in the interval between injury and death.
    (8) Any other information that may be relevant to the government's 
alleged liability or the damages claimed.



Sec. 114.105  Who investigates and considers my claim?

    (a) SBA may investigate, or ask another Federal agency to 
investigate, your claim. SBA also may request any Federal agency to 
conduct a physical examination of you and provide a report to SBA. SBA 
will reimburse the Federal agency for the costs of that examination when 
authorized or required by statute or regulation.
    (b) In those cases in which SBA investigates your claim, the SBA 
District Counsel with jurisdiction over the site will conduct an 
investigation and make recommendations or a determination with respect 
to your claim. The District Counsel may negotiate with you and is 
authorized to use alternative dispute resolution mechanisms (nonbinding 
on SBA) when they may promote the prompt, fair and efficient resolution 
of your claim.
    (c) If your claim is for $5,000 or less, the District Counsel may 
deny the claim, or may recommend approval, compromise, or settlement of 
the claim to the General Counsel or designee, who may take final action. 
The District Counsel first must refer the claim to SBA's General Counsel 
or designee for review if SBA should consult with the Department of 
Justice before approving the claim, as required under Sec. 114.107.



Sec. 114.106  What if my claim exceeds $5,000?

    The District Counsel must review and investigate your claim and 
forward it with a report and recommendation to the General Counsel or 
designee, who may approve or deny an award, compromise, or settlement of 
claims in excess of $5,000, but not exceeding $25,000. The General 
Counsel or designee will handle claims in excess of $25,000 as required 
by Sec. 114.107.



Sec. 114.107  What if my claim exceeds $25,000 or has other special features?

    (a) The U.S. Attorney General or designee must approve in writing 
any award, compromise, or settlement of a claim in excess of $25,000. 
For this purpose, a principal claim and any derivative or subrogated 
claim are considered a single claim.
    (b) SBA must consult with the Department of Justice before 
adjusting, determining, compromising, or settling a claim whenever the 
General Counsel or designee determines:
    (1) The claim involves a new precedent or a new point of law; or
    (2) The claim involves or may involve a question of policy; or
    (3) The United States is or may be entitled to indemnity or 
contribution from a third party and SBA is unable to adjust the third 
party claim; or
    (4) Approval of a claim, as a practical matter, will or may control 
the disposition of a related claim in which the amount to be paid may 
exceed $25,000.
    (c) SBA must consult with the Department of Justice before 
adjusting, determining, compromising, or settling a claim whenever SBA 
learns that the United States, or any of its employees, agents, or cost-
plus contractors, is involved in litigation based on a claim arising out 
of the same incident or transaction.
    (d) SBA, acting through its General Counsel or designee, must make 
any referrals to the Department of Justice

[[Page 111]]

for approval or consultation by transmitting them in writing to the 
Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division.
    (1) The referral must contain a short and concise statement of the 
facts and the reason for the request or referral, copies of the relevant 
portions of the claim file, and SBA's views and recommendations.
    (2) SBA may make this referral at any time after a claim is 
presented.



Sec. 114.108  What if my claim is approved?

    SBA will notify you in writing if it approves your claim. The 
District Counsel will forward to you or your agent or legal 
representative the forms necessary to indicate satisfaction of your 
claim and your acceptance of the payment. Acceptance by you, your agent 
or your legal representative, of any award, compromise or settlement of 
your claim is final and conclusive under the Federal Tort Claims Act. It 
binds you, your agent or your legal representative, and any other person 
on whose behalf or for whose benefit the claim was presented. It also 
constitutes a complete release of your claim against the United States 
and its employees. If you are represented by counsel, SBA will designate 
you and your counsel as joint payees and will deliver the check to your 
counsel. Payment is contingent upon the waiver of your claim and is 
subject to the availability of appropriated funds.



Sec. 114.109  What if my claim is denied?

    SBA will notify you or your agent or legal representative in writing 
by certified or registered mail if it denies your claim. You have a 
right to file suit in an appropriate U.S. District Court not later than 
six months after the date the notification was mailed.



     Subpart B--Representation and Indemnification of SBA Employees



Sec. 114.110  What is SBA's policy with respect to indemnifying and providing legal representation to SBA employees?

    (a) If an SBA employee engages in conduct, within the scope of his 
or her employment, which gives rise to a claim, and the SBA 
Administrator or designee determines that any of the following actions 
relating to the claim are in SBA's interest, SBA may:
    (1) Indemnify the employee after a verdict, judgment, or other 
monetary award is rendered personally against the employee in any civil 
suit in state or federal court or any arbitration proceeding;
    (2) Settle or compromise the claim; and/or
    (3) Pay for, or request that the Department of Justice provide, 
legal representation to the employee once personally named in such a 
suit.
    (b) If you are an SBA employee, you may ask SBA to settle or 
compromise your claim, provide you with legal representation, or provide 
you with indemnification for a verdict, judgment or award entered 
against you in a suit. To do so, you must submit a timely, written 
request to the General Counsel, with appropriate documentation, 
including copies of any pleadings, verdict, judgment, award, or 
settlement proposal. The General Counsel will decide all requests for 
representation or settlement, and will forward to the Administrator, 
with the accompanying documentation and a recommendation, any requests 
for indemnification.
    (c) Any payments by SBA under this section will be contingent upon 
the availability of appropriated funds.



Sec. 114.111  Does the attorney-client privilege apply when SBA employees are represented by the Government?

    When attorneys employed by SBA participate in any process in which 
SBA seeks to determine whether SBA should request the Department of 
Justice to provide representation to an SBA employee sued, subpoenaed, 
or charged in his or her individual capacity, or whether attorneys 
employed by SBA should provide representational assistance for such an 
employee, those attorneys undertake a full and traditional attorney-
client relationship with the employee with respect to the attorney-
client privilege. If representation is authorized, SBA attorneys who 
assist in the representation of an SBA employee also undertake a full 
and traditional attorney-client relationship with the employee with 
respect to the

[[Page 112]]

attorney-client privilege. Unless authorized by the employee, the 
attorney must not disclose to anyone other than attorneys also 
responsible for the employee's representation information communicated 
to the attorney by the client-employee during the course of the 
attorney-client relationship. The attorney-client privilege will 
continue with respect to that information whether or not representation 
is provided, and even if the employee's representation is denied or 
discontinued.



PART 115--SURETY BOND GUARANTEE--Table of Contents




Sec.
115.1  Overview of regulations.
115.2  Savings clause.

          Subpart A--Provisions for All Surety Bond Guarantees

115.10  Definitions.
115.11  Applying to participate in the Surety Bond Guarantee Program.
115.12  General program policies and provisions.
115.13  Eligibility of Principal.
115.14  Loss of Principal's eligibility for future assistance.
115.15  Underwriting and servicing standards.
115.16  Determination of Surety's Loss.
115.17  Minimization of Surety's Loss.
115.18  Refusal to issue further guarantees; suspension and termination 
          of PSB status.
115.19  Denial of liability.
115.20  Insolvency of Surety.
115.21  Audits and investigations.

             Subpart B--Guarantees Subject to Prior Approval

115.30  Submission of Surety's guarantee application.
115.31  Guarantee percentage.
115.32  Fees and Premiums.
115.33  Surety bonding line.
115.34  Minimization of Surety's Loss.
115.35  Claims for reimbursement of Losses.
115.36  Indemnity settlements and reinstatement of Principal.

            Subpart C--Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees

115.60  Selection and admission of PSB Sureties.
115.61  Duration of PSB program.
115.62  Prohibition on participation in Prior Approval program.
115.63  Allotment of guarantee authority.
115.64  Timeliness requirement.
115.65  General PSB procedures.
115.66  Fees.
115.67  Changes in Contract or bond amount.
115.68  Guarantee percentage.
115.69  Imminent Breach.
115.70  Claims for reimbursement of Losses.
115.71  Denial of liability.

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. app. 3; 15 U.S.C. 687b, 687c, 694a, 694b; Pub. 
L. 105-135.

    Source: 61 FR 3271, Jan. 31, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 115.1  Overview of regulations.

    The regulations in this part cover the SBA's Surety Bond Guarantee 
Programs under Part B of Title IV of the Small Business Investment Act 
of 1958, as amended. Subpart A of this part contains regulations common 
to both the program requiring prior SBA approval of each bond guarantee 
(the Prior Approval Program) and the program not requiring prior 
approval (the PSB Program). Subpart B of this part contains the 
regulations applicable only to the Prior Approval Program. Subpart C of 
this part contains the regulations applicable only to the PSB Program.



Sec. 115.2  Savings clause.

    Transactions affected by this part 115 are governed by the 
regulations in effect at the time they occur.



          Subpart A--Provisions for All Surety Bond Guarantees



Sec. 115.10  Definitions.

    AA/SG means SBA's Associate Administrator for Surety Guarantees.
    Affiliate is defined in part 121 of this chapter.
    Ancillary Bond means a bond incidental and essential to the 
performance of a Contract for which there is a guaranteed Final Bond.
    Bid Bond means a bond conditioned upon the bidder on a Contract 
entering into the Contract, and furnishing the required Payment and 
Performance Bonds. The term does not include a forfeiture bond unless it 
is issued for a jurisdiction where statute or settled decisional law 
requires forfeiture bonds for public works.

[[Page 113]]

    Contract means a written obligation of the Principal requiring the 
furnishing of services, supplies, labor, materials, machinery, 
equipment, or construction. A Contract must not prohibit a Surety from 
performing the Contract upon default of the Principal. A Contract does 
not include a permit, subdivision contract, lease, land contract, 
evidence of debt, financial guarantee (e.g., a contract requiring any 
payment by the Principal to the Obligee), warranty of performance or 
efficiency, warranty of fidelity, or release of lien (other than for 
claims under a guaranteed bond). It includes a maintenance agreement of 
2 years or less which covers defective workmanship or materials only. 
With SBA's written approval, it can also include a longer maintenance 
agreement covering defective workmanship or materials, or a maintenance 
agreement covering something other than defective workmanship or 
materials. To qualify for such approval, the agreement must be ancillary 
to the Contract for which SBA is guaranteeing a bond, must be required 
to be performed by the same Principal, and must be customarily required 
in the relevant trade or industry.
    Execution means signing by a representative or agent of the Surety 
with the authority and power to bind the Surety.
    Final Bond means a Performance Bond and/or a Payment Bond.
    Imminent Breach means a threat to the successful completion of a 
bonded Contract which, unless remedied by the Surety, makes a default 
under the bond appear to be inevitable.
    Investment Act means the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 
U.S.C. 661 et seq.), as amended.
    Loss has the meaning set forth in Sec. 115.16.
    Obligee means:
    (1)(i) In the case of a Bid Bond, the Person requesting bids for the 
performance of a Contract; or
    (ii) In the case of a Final Bond, the Person who has contracted with 
a Principal for the completion of the Contract and to whom the primary 
obligation of the Surety runs in the event of a breach by the Principal.
    (2) In either case, no Person (other than a Federal department or 
agency) may be named co-Obligee or Obligee on a bond or on a rider to 
the bond unless that Person is bound by the Contract to the Principal 
(or to the Surety, if the Surety has arranged completion of the 
Contract) to the same extent as the original Obligee. In no event may 
the addition of one or more co-Obligees increase the aggregate liability 
of the Surety under the bond.
    OSG means SBA's Office of Surety Guarantees.
    Payment Bond means a bond which is conditioned upon the payment by 
the Principal of money to persons who have a right of action against 
such bond, including those who have furnished labor, materials, 
equipment and supplies for use in the performance of the Contract. A 
Payment Bond can not require the Surety to pay an amount which exceeds 
the claimant's actual loss or damage.
    Performance Bond means a bond conditioned upon the completion by the 
Principal of a Contract in accordance with its terms.
    Person means a natural person or a legal entity.
    Premium means the amount charged by a Surety to issue bonds. The 
Premium is determined by applying an approved rate (see Secs. 115.32(a) 
and 115.60(a)(2)) to the bond or contract amount. The Premium does not 
include surcharges for extra services, whether or not considered part of 
the ``premium'' under local law.
    Principal means, in the case of a Bid Bond, the Person bidding for 
the award of a Contract. In the case of Final Bonds and Ancillary Bonds, 
Principal means the Person primarily liable to complete the Contract, or 
to make Contract-related payments to other persons, and is the Person 
whose performance or payment is bonded by the Surety. A Principal may be 
a prime contractor or a subcontractor.
    Prior Approval Agreement means the Surety Bond Guarantee Agreement 
(SBA Form 990) entered into between a Prior Approval Surety and SBA 
under which SBA agrees to guarantee a specific bond.

[[Page 114]]

    Prior Approval Surety means a Surety which must obtain SBA's prior 
approval on each guarantee and which has entered into one or more Prior 
Approval Agreements with SBA.
    PSB Agreement means the Preferred Surety Bond Guarantee Agreement 
entered into between a PSB Surety and SBA.
    PSB Surety means a Surety that has been admitted to the Preferred 
Surety Bond (PSB) Program.
    Surety means a company which:
    (1)(i) Under the terms of a Bid Bond, agrees to pay a sum of money 
to the Obligee if the Principal breaches the conditions of the bond;
    (ii) Under the terms of a Performance Bond, agrees to pay a sum of 
money or to incur the cost of fulfilling the terms of a Contract if the 
Principal breaches the conditions of the Contract; and
    (iii) Under the terms of a Payment or an Ancillary Bond, agrees to 
make payment to all who have a right of action against such bond, 
including those who have furnished labor, materials, equipment and 
supplies in the performance of the Contract.
    (2) The term Surety includes an agent, independent agent, 
underwriter, or any other company or individual empowered to act on 
behalf of the Surety.

[61 FR 3271, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 7985, Mar. 1, 1996]



Sec. 115.11  Applying to participate in the Surety Bond Guarantee Program.

    Sureties interested in participating as Prior Approval Sureties or 
PSB Sureties should apply in writing to the AA/SG at 409 3rd Street, 
SW., Washington, DC 20416. OSG will determine the eligibility of the 
applicant considering its standards and procedures for underwriting, 
administration, claims and recovery. Each applicant must be a 
corporation listed by the U.S. Treasury as eligible to issue bonds in 
connection with Federal procurement contracts.



Sec. 115.12  General program policies and provisions.

    (a) Description of Surety Bond Guarantee Programs. SBA guarantees 
Sureties participating in the Surety Bond Guarantee Programs against a 
portion of their Losses incurred and paid as a result of a Principal's 
breach of the terms of a Bid Bond, Final Bond or Ancillary Bond, on any 
eligible Contract. In the Prior Approval Program, the Surety must obtain 
SBA's approval before a guaranteed bond can be issued. In the PSB 
Program, selected Sureties may issue, monitor, and service SBA 
guaranteed bonds without further SBA approval.
    (b) Eligibility of bonds. Bid Bonds and Final Bonds are eligible for 
an SBA guarantee if they are executed in connection with an eligible 
Contract and are of a type listed in the ``Contract Bonds'' section of 
the current Manual of Rules, Procedures and Classifications of the 
Surety Association of America (100 Wood Avenue South, Iselin, New Jersey 
08830). Ancillary Bonds may also be eligible for SBA's guarantee. A 
Performance Bond must not prohibit a Surety from performing the Contract 
upon default of the Principal.
    (c) Expiration of Bid Bond Guarantee. A Bid Bond guarantee expires 
120 days after Execution of the Bid Bond, unless the Surety notifies SBA 
in writing before the 120th day that a later expiration date is 
required. The notification must include the new expiration date.
    (d) Guarantee agreement. The terms and conditions of SBA's bond 
guarantee agreements, including the guarantee percentage, may vary from 
Surety to Surety, depending on past experience with SBA. If the 
guarantee percentage is not fixed by the Investment Act, it is 
determined by OSG after considering, among other things, the rating or 
ranking assigned to the Surety by recognized authority, and the Surety's 
Loss rate, average Contract amount, average bond penalty per guaranteed 
bond, and ratio of Bid Bonds to Final Bonds, all in comparison with 
other Sureties participating in the same SBA Surety Bond Guarantee 
Program (Prior Approval or PSB) to a comparable degree. Any guarantee 
agreement under this part is made exclusively for the benefit of SBA and 
the Surety, and does not confer any rights (such as a right of action 
against SBA) or benefits on any other party.
    (e) Amount of Contract--(1) Statutory ceiling. The amount of the 
Contract to be bonded must not exceed $1,250,000 in

[[Page 115]]

face value at the time of the bond's Execution.
    (2) Aggregation of Contract amounts. The amounts of two or more 
Contracts for a ``single project'' are aggregated to determine the 
Contract amount unless the Contracts are to be performed in phases and 
the prior bond is released before the beginning of each succeeding 
phase. A bond may be considered released even if the warranty period it 
is covering has not yet expired. For purposes of this paragraph, a 
``single project'' means one represented by two or more Contracts of one 
Principal or its Affiliates with one Obligee or its Affiliates for 
performance at the same location, regardless of job title or nature of 
the work to be performed.
    (3) Service and supply contracts. A service or supply Contract 
covering more than a 1 year period is eligible for an SBA guaranteed 
bond if neither the annual Contract amount nor the penal sum of the bond 
exceeds $1,250,000 at any time.
    (f) Transfers or sales by Surety. Sureties must not sell or 
otherwise transfer their files or accounts, whether before or after a 
default by the Principal has occurred, without the prior written 
approval of SBA. A violation of this provision is grounds for 
termination from participation in the program. This provision does not 
apply to the sale of an entire business division, subsidiary or 
operation of the Surety.



Sec. 115.13  Eligibility of Principal.

    (a) General eligibility. In order to be eligible for a bond 
guaranteed by SBA, the Principal must comply with the following 
requirements:
    (1) Size. Together with its Affiliates, it must qualify as a small 
business under part 121 of this title.
    (2) Character. It must possess good character and reputation. A 
Principal meets this standard if each owner of 20% or more of its 
equity, and each of its officers, directors, or general partners, 
possesses good character and reputation. A Person's good character and 
reputation is presumed absent when:
    (i) The Person is under indictment for, or has been convicted of a 
felony, or a final civil judgment has been entered stating that such 
Person has committed a breach of trust or has violated a law or 
regulation protecting the integrity of business transactions or business 
relationships; or
    (ii) A regulatory authority has revoked, canceled, or suspended a 
license of the Person which is necessary to perform the Contract; or
    (iii) The Person has obtained a bond guarantee by fraud or material 
misrepresentation (as described in Sec. 115.19(b)), or has failed to 
keep the Surety informed of unbonded contracts or of a contract bonded 
by another Surety, as required by a bonding line commitment under 
Sec. 115.33.
    (3) Need for bond. It must certify that a bond is expressly required 
by the bid solicitation or the original Contract in order to bid on the 
Contract or to serve as a prime contractor or subcontractor.
    (4) Availability of bond. It must certify that a bond is not 
obtainable on reasonable terms and conditions without SBA's guarantee.
    (5) Partial subcontract. It must certify the percentage of work 
under the Contract to be subcontracted. SBA will not guarantee bonds for 
Principals who are primarily brokers or who have effectively transferred 
control over the project to one or more subcontractors.
    (6) Debarment. It must certify that the Principal is not presently 
debarred, suspended, proposed for debarment, declared ineligible, or 
voluntarily excluded from transactions with any Federal department or 
agency, under governmentwide debarment and suspension rules.
    (b) Conflict of interest. A Principal is not eligible for an SBA-
guaranteed bond issued by a particular Surety if that Surety, or an 
Affiliate of that Surety, or a close relative or member of the household 
of that Surety or Affiliate owns, directly or indirectly, 10% or more of 
the Principal. This prohibition also applies to ownership interests in 
any of the Principal's Affiliates.



Sec. 115.14  Loss of Principal's eligibility for future assistance.

    (a) Ineligibility. A Principal and its Affiliates lose eligibility 
for further SBA bond guarantees if any of the following occurs under an 
SBA-guaranteed bond issued on behalf of the Principal:

[[Page 116]]

    (1) Legal action under the guaranteed bond has been initiated.
    (2) The Obligee has declared the Principal to be in default under 
the Contract.
    (3) The Surety has established a claim reserve for the bond of at 
least $1000.
    (4) The Surety has requested reimbursement for Losses incurred under 
the bond.
    (5) The guarantee fee has not been paid by the Principal.
    (6) The Principal committed fraud or material misrepresentation in 
obtaining the guaranteed bond.
    (b) Reinstatement of Principal's eligibility. Prior Approval 
Sureties should refer to Sec. 115.36(b) for provisions on reinstatement 
of the Principal's eligibility. A PSB Surety may reinstate a Principal's 
eligibility upon the Surety's determination that reinstatement is 
appropriate.



Sec. 115.15  Underwriting and servicing standards.

    (a) Underwriting. (1) Sureties must evaluate the credit, capacity, 
and character of a Principal using standards generally accepted by the 
surety industry and in accordance with SBA's Standard Operating 
Procedures on underwriting and the Surety's principles and practices on 
unguaranteed bonds. The Principal must satisfy the eligibility 
requirements set forth in Sec. 115.13. The Surety must reasonably expect 
that the Principal will successfully perform the Contract to be bonded.
    (2) The terms and conditions of the bond and the Contract must be 
reasonable in light of the risks involved and the extent of the Surety's 
participation. The bond must satisfy the eligibility requirements set 
forth in Sec. 115.12(b). The Surety must be satisfied as to the 
reasonableness of cost and the feasibility of successful completion of 
the Contract.
    (b) Servicing. The Surety must ensure that the Principal remains 
viable and eligible for SBA's Surety Bond Guarantee Program, must 
monitor the Principal's progress on bonded Contracts guaranteed by SBA, 
and must request job status reports from Obligees of Final Bonds 
guaranteed by SBA. Documentation of the job status requests must be 
maintained by the Surety.



Sec. 115.16  Determination of Surety's Loss.

    Loss is determined as follows:
    (a) Loss under a Bid Bond is the lesser of the penal sum or the 
amount which is the difference between the bonded bid and the next 
higher responsive bid. In either case, the Loss is reduced by any 
amounts the Surety recovers by reason of the Principal's defenses 
against the Obligee's demand for performance by the Principal and any 
sums the Surety recovers from indemnitors and other salvage.
    (b) Loss under a Payment Bond is, at the Surety's option, the sum 
necessary to pay all just and timely claims against the Principal for 
the value of labor, materials, equipment and supplies furnished for use 
in the performance of the bonded Contract and other covered debts, or 
the penal sum of the Payment Bond. In either case, the Loss includes 
interest (if any), but Loss is reduced by any amounts recovered (through 
offset or otherwise) by reason of the Principal's claims against 
laborers, materialmen, subcontractors, suppliers, or other rightful 
claimants, and by any amounts recovered from indemnitors and other 
salvage.
    (c) Loss under a Performance Bond is, at the Surety's option, the 
sum necessary to meet the cost of fulfilling the terms of a bonded 
Contract or the penal sum of the bond. In either case, the Loss includes 
interest (if any), but Loss is reduced by any amounts recovered (through 
offset or otherwise) by reason of the Principal's defenses or causes of 
action against the Obligee, and by any amounts recovered from 
indemnitors and other salvage.
    (d) Loss under an Ancillary Bond is the amount covered by such bond 
which is attributable to the Contract for which guaranteed Final Bonds 
were Executed.
    (e) Loss includes the following expenses if they are itemized, 
documented and attributable solely to the Loss under the guaranteed 
bond:
    (1) Amounts actually paid by the Surety which are specifically 
allocable to the investigation, adjustment, negotiation, compromise, 
settlement of, or resistance to a claim for Loss resulting

[[Page 117]]

from the breach of the terms of the bonded Contract. Any cost allocation 
method must be reasonable and must comply with generally accepted 
accounting principles; and
    (2) Amounts actually paid by the Surety for court costs and 
reasonable attorney's fees incurred to mitigate any Loss under 
paragraphs (a) through (e)(1) of this section including suits to obtain 
sums due from Obligees, indemnitors, Principals and others.
    (f) Loss does not include the following expenses:
    (1) Any unallocated expenses, or any clear mark-up on expenses or 
any overhead, of the Surety, its attorney, or any other party hired by 
the Surety or the attorney;
    (2) Expenses paid for any suits, cross-claims, or counterclaims 
filed against the United States of America or any of its agencies, 
officers, or employees unless the Surety has received, prior to filing 
such suit or claim, written concurrence from SBA that the suit may be 
filed;
    (3) Attorney's fees and court costs incurred by the Surety in a suit 
by or against SBA or its Administrator; and
    (4) Fees, costs, or other payments, including tort damages, arising 
from a successful tort suit or claim by a Principal or any other Person 
against the Surety.



Sec. 115.17  Minimization of Surety's Loss.

    (a) Indemnity agreements and collateral--(1) Requirements. The 
Surety must take all reasonable action to minimize risk of Loss 
including, but not limited to, obtaining from each Principal a written 
indemnity agreement which covers actual Losses under the Contract and 
Imminent Breach payments under Sec. 115.34(a) or Sec. 115.69. The 
indemnity agreement must be secured by such collateral as the Surety or 
SBA finds appropriate. Indemnity agreements from other Persons, secured 
or unsecured, may also be required by the Surety or SBA.
    (2) Prohibitions. No indemnity agreement may be obtained from the 
Surety, its agent or any other representative of the Surety. The Surety 
must not separately collateralize the portion of its bond which is not 
guaranteed by SBA.
    (b) Salvage and recovery--(1) General. The Surety must pursue all 
possible sources of salvage and recovery. Salvage and recovery includes 
all payments made in settlement of the Surety's claim, even though the 
Surety has incurred other losses as a result of that Principal which are 
not reimbursable by SBA.
    (2) SBA's share. SBA is entitled to its guaranteed percentage of all 
salvage and recovery from a defaulted Principal, its guarantors and 
indemnitors, and any other party, received by the Surety in connection 
with the guaranteed bond or any other bond issued by the Surety on 
behalf of the Principal unless such recovery is unquestionably 
identifiable as related solely to the non-guaranteed bond. The Surety 
must reimburse or credit SBA (in the same proportion as SBA's share of 
Loss) within 90 days of receipt of any recovery by the Surety.
    (3) Multiple Sureties. In any dispute between two or more Sureties 
concerning recovery under SBA guaranteed bonds, the dispute must first 
be brought to the attention of OSG for an attempt at mediation and 
settlement.



Sec. 115.18  Refusal to issue further guarantees; suspension and termination of PSB status.

    (a) Improper surety bond guarantee practices--(1) Imprudent 
practices. SBA may refuse to issue further guarantees to a Prior 
Approval Surety or may suspend the preferred status of a PSB Surety, by 
written notice stating all reasons for such decision and the effective 
date. Reasons for such a decision include, but are not limited to, a 
determination that the Surety (in its underwriting, its efforts to 
minimize Loss, its claims or recovery practices, or its documentation 
related to SBA guaranteed bonds) has failed to adhere to prudent 
standards or practices, including any standards or practices required by 
SBA, as compared to those of other Sureties participating in the same 
SBA Surety Bond Guarantee Program to a comparable degree.
    (2) Regulatory violations, fraud. Acts of wrongdoing such as fraud, 
material misrepresentation, breach of the Prior Approval or PSB 
Agreement, or regulatory violations (as defined in

[[Page 118]]

Sec. Sec. 115.19(d) and 115.19(h)) also constitute sufficient grounds 
for refusal to issue further guarantees, or in the case of a PSB Surety, 
termination of preferred status.
    (3) Audit; records. The failure of a Surety to consent to SBA's 
audit or to maintain and produce records constitutes grounds for SBA to 
refuse to issue further guarantees for a Prior Approval Surety, to 
suspend a PSB Surety from participation, and to refuse to honor claims 
submitted by a Prior Approval or PSB Surety until the Surety consents to 
the audit.
    (4) Excessive Losses. If a Surety experiences excessive Losses on 
SBA guaranteed bonds relative to those of other Sureties participating 
in the same SBA Surety Bond Guarantee Program to a comparable degree, 
SBA may also require the renegotiation of the guarantee percentage and/
or SBA's charge to the Surety for bonds executed thereafter.
    (b) Lack of business integrity. A Surety's participation in the 
Surety Bond Guarantee Programs may be denied, suspended, or terminated 
upon the occurrence of any event in paragraphs (b) (1) through (5) of 
this section involving any of the following Persons: The Surety or any 
of its officers, directors, partners, or other individuals holding at 
least 20% of the Surety's voting securities, and any agents, 
underwriters, or any individual empowered to act on behalf of any of the 
preceding Persons.
    (1) If a State or other authority has revoked, canceled, or 
suspended the license required of such Person to engage in the surety 
business, the right of such Person to participate in the SBA Surety Bond 
Guarantee Program may be denied, terminated, or suspended, as 
applicable, in that jurisdiction or in other jurisdictions. 
Ineligibility or suspension from the Surety Bond Guarantee Programs is 
for at least the duration of the license suspension.
    (2) If such Person has been indicted or otherwise formally charged 
with a misdemeanor or felony bearing on such Person's fitness to 
participate in the Surety Bond Guarantee Programs, the participation of 
such Person may be suspended pending disposition of the charge. Upon 
conviction, participation may be denied or terminated.
    (3) If a final civil judgment is entered holding that such Person 
has committed a breach of trust or violation of a law or regulation 
protecting the integrity of business transactions or relationships, 
participation may be denied or terminated.
    (4) If such Person has made a material misrepresentation or 
willfully false statement in the presentation of oral or written 
information to SBA in connection with an application for a surety bond 
guarantee or the presentation of a claim, or committed a material breach 
of the Prior Approval or PSB Agreement or a material violation of the 
regulations (all as described in Sec. 115.19), participation may be 
denied or terminated.
    (5) If such Person is debarred, suspended, voluntarily excluded 
from, or declared ineligible for participation in Federal programs, 
participation may be denied or terminated.
    (c) Notification requirement. The Prior Approval or PSB Surety must 
promptly notify SBA of the occurrence of any event in paragraphs (b) (1) 
through (5) of this section, or if any of the Persons described in 
paragraph (b) of this section does not, or ceases to, qualify as a 
Surety. SBA may require submission of a Statement of Personal History 
(SBA Form 912) from any of these Persons.
    (d) SBA proceedings. Decisions to suspend, terminate, deny 
participation in, or deny reinstatement in the Surety Bond Guarantee 
program are made by the AA/SG. A Surety may file a petition for review 
of suspensions and terminations with the SBA Office of Hearings and 
Appeals (OHA) under part 134 of this chapter. SBA's Administrator may, 
pending a decision pursuant to part 134 of this chapter, suspend the 
participation of any Surety for any of the causes listed in paragraphs 
(b) (1) through (5) of this section.
    (e) Effect on guarantee. A guarantee issued by SBA before a 
suspension or termination under this section remains in effect, subject 
to SBA's right to deny liability under the guarantee.



Sec. 115.19  Denial of liability.

    In addition to equitable and legal defenses and remedies under 
contract

[[Page 119]]

law, the Act and the regulations in this part, SBA is not liable under a 
Prior Approval or PSB Agreement if any of the circumstances in 
paragraphs (a) through (h) of this section exist.
    (a) Excess Contract or bond amount. The total Contract amount at the 
time of Execution of the bond exceeds $1,250,000 in face value (see 
Sec. 115.12(e)), or the bond amount at any time exceeds the total 
Contract amount.
    (b) Misrepresentation or fraud. The Surety obtained the Prior 
Approval or PSB Agreement, or applied for reimbursement for losses, by 
fraud or material misrepresentation. Material misrepresentation includes 
(but is not limited to) both the making of an untrue statement of 
material fact and the omission of a statement of material fact necessary 
to make a statement not misleading in light of the circumstances in 
which it was made. Material misrepresentation also includes the adoption 
by the Surety of a material misstatement made by others which the Surety 
knew or under generally accepted underwriting standards should have 
known to be false or misleading. The Surety's failure to disclose its 
ownership (or the ownership by any owner of at least 20% of the Surety's 
equity) of an interest in a Principal or an Obligee is considered the 
omission of a statement of material fact.
    (c) Material breach. The Surety has committed a material breach of 
one or more terms or conditions of its Prior Approval or PSB Agreement. 
A material breach is considered to have occurred if:
    (1) Such breach (or such breaches in the aggregate) causes an 
increase in the Contract amount or in the bond amount of at least 25% or 
$50,000; or
    (2) One of the conditions under Part B of Title IV of the Investment 
Act is not met.
    (d) Substantial regulatory violation. The Surety has committed a 
``substantial violation'' of SBA regulations. For purposes of this 
paragraph, a ``substantial violation'' is a violation which causes an 
increase in the bond amount of at least 25% or $50,000 in the aggregate, 
or is contrary to the purposes of the Surety Bond Guarantee Programs.
    (e) Alteration. Without obtaining prior written approval from SBA 
(which may be conditioned upon payment of additional fees), the Surety 
agrees to or acquiesces in any material alteration in the terms, 
conditions, or provisions of the bond, including but not limited to the 
following acts:
    (1) Naming as an Obligee or co-Obligee any Person that does not 
qualify as an Obligee under Sec. 115.10; or
    (2) In the case of a Prior Approval Surety, acquiescing in any 
alteration to the bond which would increase the bond amount by at least 
25% or $50,000.
    (f) Timeliness. (1) Either:
    (i) The bond was Executed prior to the date of SBA's guarantee; or
    (ii) The bond was Executed (or approved, if the Surety is legally 
bound by such approval) after the work under the Contract had begun, 
unless SBA executes a ``Surety Bond Guarantee Agreement Addendum'' (SBA 
Form 991) after receiving all of the following from the Surety:
    (A) Satisfactory evidence, including a certified copy of the 
Contract (or a sworn affidavit from the Principal), showing that the 
bond requirement was contained in the original Contract, or other 
documentation satisfactory to SBA, showing why a bond was not previously 
obtained and is now being required;
    (B) Certification by the Principal that all taxes and labor costs 
are current, and listing all suppliers and subcontractors, indicating 
that they are all paid to date, and attaching a waiver of lien from 
each; or an explanation satisfactory to SBA why such documentation 
cannot be produced; and
    (C) Certification by the Obligee that all payments due under the 
Contract to date have been made and that the job has been satisfactorily 
completed to date.
    (2)(i) For purposes of paragraph (f)(1)(ii) of this section, work 
under a Contract is considered to have begun when a Principal takes any 
action at the job site which would have exposed its Surety to liability 
under applicable law had a bond been Executed (or approved, if the 
Surety is legally bound by such approval) at the time.

[[Page 120]]

    (ii) For purposes of this paragraph (f), the Surety must maintain a 
contemporaneous record of the Execution and approval of each bond.
    (g) Principal fee. The Surety has not remitted to SBA the 
Principal's payment for the full amount of the guarantee fee within the 
time period required under Sec. 115.30(d) for Prior Approval Sureties or 
Sec. 115.66 for PSB Sureties. SBA may reinstate the guarantee upon a 
showing that the Contract is not in default and that a valid reason 
exists why a timely submission was not made.
    (h) Other regulatory violations. The occurrence of any of the 
following:
    (1) The Principal on the bonded Contract is not a small business;
    (2) The bond was not required under the bid solicitation or the 
original Contract;
    (3) The bond was not eligible for guarantee by SBA because the 
bonded contract was not a Contract as defined in Sec. 115.10;
    (4) The loss occurred under a bond that was not guaranteed by SBA;
    (5) The loss incurred by the Surety was not a Loss as determined 
under Sec. 115.16; or
    (6) The Surety's loss under a Performance Bond did not result from 
the Principal's breach or Imminent Breach of the Contract.



Sec. 115.20  Insolvency of Surety.

    (a) Successor in interest. If a Surety becomes insolvent, all rights 
or benefits conferred on the Surety under a valid and binding Prior 
Approval or PSB Agreement will accrue only to the trustee or receiver of 
the Surety. SBA will not be liable to the trustee or receiver of the 
insolvent Surety except for the guaranteed portion of any Loss incurred 
and actually paid by such Surety or its trustee or receiver under the 
guaranteed bonds.
    (b) Filing requirement. The trustee or receiver must submit to SBA 
quarterly status reports accounting for all funds received and all 
settlements being considered.



Sec. 115.21  Audits and investigations.

    (a) Audits--(1) Scope of audit. SBA may audit in the office of a 
Prior Approval or PSB Surety, the Surety's attorneys or consultants, or 
the Principal or its subcontractors, all documents, files, books, 
records, tapes, disks and other material relevant to SBA's guarantee, 
commitments to guarantee a surety bond, or agreements to indemnify the 
Prior Approval or PSB Surety. See Sec. 115.18(a)(3) for consequences of 
failure to comply with this section.
    (2) Frequency of PSB audits. Each PSB Surety is subject to audit at 
least once each year by examiners selected and approved by SBA.
    (b) Records. The Surety must maintain the records listed in this 
paragraph (b) for the term of each bond, plus any additional time 
required to settle any claims of the Surety for reimbursement from SBA 
and to attempt salvage or other recovery, plus an additional 3 years. If 
there are any unresolved audit findings in relation to a particular 
bond, the Surety must maintain the related records until the findings 
are resolved. The records to be maintained include the following:
    (1) A copy of the bond;
    (2) A copy of the bonded Contract;
    (3) All documentation submitted by the Principal in applying for the 
bond;
    (4) All information gathered by the Surety in reviewing the 
Principal's application;
    (5) All documentation of any of the events set forth in 
Sec. 115.35(a) or Sec. 115.65(c)(2);
    (6) All records of any transaction for which the Surety makes 
payment under or in connection with the bond, including but not limited 
to claims, bills (including lawyers' and consultants' bills), judgments, 
settlement agreements and court or arbitration decisions, consultants' 
reports, Contracts and receipts;
    (7) All documentation relating to efforts to mitigate Losses, 
including documentation required by Sec. 115.34(a) or Sec. 115.69 
concerning Imminent Breach;
    (8) All records of any accounts into which fees and funds obtained 
in mitigation of Losses were paid and from which payments were made 
under the bond, and any other trust accounts, and any reconciliations of 
such accounts;
    (9) Job status reports received from Obligees and documentation of 
each

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unanswered request for a job status report; and
    (10) All documentation relating to any collateral held by or 
available to the Surety.
    (c) Purpose of audit. SBA's audit will determine, but not be limited 
to:
    (1) The adequacy and sufficiency of the Surety's underwriting and 
credit analysis, its documentation of claims and claims settlement 
procedures and activities, and its recovery procedures and practices;
    (2) The Surety's minimization of Loss, including the exercise of 
bond options upon Contract default; and
    (3) The Surety's loss ratio in comparison with other Sureties 
participating in the same SBA Surety Bond Guarantee Program to a 
comparable degree.
    (d) Investigations. SBA may conduct investigations to inquire into 
the possible violation by any Person of the Small Business Act or the 
Investment Act, or of any rule or regulation under those Acts, or of any 
order issued under those Acts, or of any Federal law relating to 
programs and operations of SBA.



             Subpart B--Guarantees Subject to Prior Approval



Sec. 115.30  Submission of Surety's guarantee application.

    (a) Legal effect of application. By submitting an application to SBA 
for a bond guarantee, the Prior Approval Surety certifies that the 
Principal meets the eligibility requirements set forth in Sec. 115.13 
and that the underwriting standards set forth in Sec. 115.15 have been 
met.
    (b) SBA's determination. SBA's approval or decline of a guarantee 
application is made in writing by an authorized SBA officer. The officer 
may provide telephone notice before the Prior Approval Surety receives 
SBA's guarantee approval form if the officer has already signed the 
form. In the event of a conflict between the telephone notice and the 
written form, the written form controls.
    (c) Reconsideration-appeal of SBA determination. A Prior Approval 
Surety may request reconsideration of a decline from the SBA officer who 
made the decision. If the decision on reconsideration is negative, the 
Surety may appeal to an individual designated by the AA/SG. If the 
decision is again adverse, the Surety may appeal to the AA/SG, who will 
make the final decision.
    (d) Notice and payment to SBA. When the Surety has Executed a Final 
Bond, including a Final Bond under a bonding line, the Surety must 
complete the Prior Approval Agreement, and submit the form, together 
with the Principal's payment for its guarantee fee (see Sec. 115.32(b)) 
to SBA within 45 days, or in the case of a bonding line, within 15 
business days (see Sec. 115.33(d)(2)) after Execution of the bond.



Sec. 115.31  Guarantee percentage.

    (a) Ninety percent. SBA reimburses a Prior Approval Surety for 90% 
of the Loss incurred and paid if:
    (1) The total amount of the Contract at the time of Execution of the 
bond is $100,000 or less; or
    (2) The bond was issued on behalf of a small business owned and 
controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals. See 
part 124 of this chapter for applicable definitions and criteria.
    (b) Eighty percent. SBA reimburses a Prior Approval Surety in an 
amount not to exceed 80% of the Loss incurred and paid on bonds for 
Contracts in excess of $100,000 which are executed on behalf of non-
disadvantaged concerns.
    (c) Contract increase to over $100,000. If the Contract amount 
increases to more than $100,000 after Execution of the bond, the 
guarantee percentage decreases by one percentage point for each $5,000 
of increase or part thereof, but it does not decrease below 80%. This 
provision applies only to guarantees which qualify under paragraph 
(a)(1) of this section.
    (d) Contract increase to over $1,250,000. If the Contract amount 
increases above the statutory limit of $1,250,000 after Execution of the 
bond, SBA's share of the Loss is limited to that percentage of the 
increased Contract amount which the statutory limit represents, 
multiplied by the guarantee percentage approved by SBA. For example, if 
a Contract amount increases to $1,375,000, SBA's share of the Loss under 
an 80% guarantee is limited to

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72.73% [1,250,000 / 1,375,000=90.91% x 80%=72.73%].
    (e) Contract decrease to $100,000 or less. If the Contract amount 
decreases to $100,000 or less after Execution of the bond, SBA's 
guarantee percentage increases to 90% if the Surety provides SBA with 
evidence supporting the decrease and any other information or documents 
requested.



Sec. 115.32  Fees and Premiums.

    (a) Surety's Premium. A Prior Approval Surety must not charge a 
Principal an amount greater than that authorized by the appropriate 
insurance department. The Surety must not require the Principal to 
purchase casualty or other insurance or any other services from the 
Surety or any Affiliate or agent of the Surety. The Surety must not 
charge non-Premium fees to a Principal unless the Surety performs other 
services for the Principal, the additional fee is permitted by State 
law, and the Principal agrees to the fee.
    (b) SBA charge to Principal. SBA does not charge Principals 
application or Bid Bond guarantee fees. If SBA guarantees a Final Bond, 
the Principal must pay a guarantee fee equal to a certain percentage of 
the Contract amount. The percentage is determined by SBA and is 
published in Notices in the Federal Register from time to time. The 
Principal's fee is rounded to the nearest dollar and is to be remitted 
to SBA by the Surety together with the form required under 
Sec. 115.30(d). See paragraph (d) of this section for additional 
requirements when the Contract amount changes.
    (c) SBA charge to Surety. SBA does not charge Sureties application 
or Bid Bond guarantee fees. Subject to Sec. 115.18(a)(4), the Surety 
must pay SBA a guarantee fee on each guaranteed bond (other than a Bid 
Bond) in the ordinary course of business. The fee is a certain 
percentage of the bond Premium, determined by SBA and published in 
Notices in the Federal Register from time to time. The fee is rounded to 
the nearest dollar. SBA does not receive any portion of a Surety's non-
Premium charges. See paragraph (d) of this section for additional 
requirements when the bond amount or the Contract amount changes.
    (d) Contract or bond increases/decreases--(1) Notification and 
approval. The Prior Approval Surety must notify SBA of any increases or 
decreases in the Contract or bond amount that aggregate 25% or $50,000, 
as soon as the Surety acquires knowledge of the change. Whenever the 
original bond amount increases as a result of a single change order of 
at least 25% or $50,000, the prior written approval of such increase by 
SBA is required on a supplemental Prior Approval Agreement (Supplemental 
Form 990) and is conditioned upon payment by the Surety of the increase 
in the Principal's guarantee fee as set forth in paragraph (d)(2) of 
this section.
    (2) Increases; fees. Notification of increases in the Contract or 
bond amount under this paragraph (d) must be accompanied by payment of 
the increase in the Principal's guarantee fee computed on the increase 
in the Contract amount. If the increase in the Principal's fee is less 
than $40, such increase is not due until all unpaid increases in the 
Principal's fee aggregate at least $40. The Surety's check for payment 
of the increase in the Surety's guarantee fee, computed on the increase 
in the bond Premium, may be submitted in the ordinary course of 
business. Increases in the Surety's fee are not due until they aggregate 
at least $40.
    (3) Decreases; refunds. Whenever SBA is notified of a decrease in 
the Contract or bond amount, SBA will refund to the Principal a 
proportionate amount of the Principal's guarantee fee and rebate to the 
Surety a proportionate amount of SBA's Premium share in the ordinary 
course of business. If the amount to be refunded or rebated is less than 
$40, such refund or rebate will not be made until the amounts to be 
refunded or rebated, respectively, aggregate at least $40. Upon receipt 
of the refund, the Surety must promptly pay a proportionate amount of 
its Premium to the Principal.



Sec. 115.33  Surety bonding line.

    A surety bonding line is a written commitment by SBA to a Prior 
Approval Surety which provides for the Surety's Execution of multiple 
bonds for a specified small business strictly

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within pre-approved terms, conditions and limitations. In applying for a 
bonding line, the Surety must provide SBA with information on the 
applicant as requested. In addition to the other limitations and 
provisions set forth in this part 115, the following conditions apply to 
each surety bonding line:
    (a) Underwriting. A bonding line may be issued by SBA for a 
Principal only if the underwriting evaluation is satisfactory. The Prior 
Approval Surety must require the Principal to keep it informed of all 
its contracts, whether bonded by the same or another surety or unbonded, 
during the term of the bonding line.
    (b) Bonding line conditions. The bonding line contains limitations 
on the following:
    (1) The term of the bonding line, not to exceed 1 year subject to 
renewal in writing;
    (2) The total dollar amount of the Principal's bonded and unbonded 
work on hand at any time, including outstanding bids, during the term of 
the bonding line;
    (3) The number of such bonded and unbonded contracts outstanding at 
any time during the term of the bonding line;
    (4) The maximum dollar amount of any single guaranteed bonded 
Contract;
    (5) The timing of Execution of bonds under the bonding line--bonds 
must be dated and Executed before the work on the underlying Contract 
has begun, or the Surety must submit to SBA the documentation required 
under Sec. 115.19(f)(1)(ii); and
    (6) Any other limitation related to type, specialty of work, 
geographical area, or credit.
    (c) Excess bonding. If, after a bonding line is issued, the 
Principal desires a bond and the Surety desires a guarantee exceeding a 
limitation of the bonding line, the Surety must submit an application to 
SBA under regular procedures.
    (d) Submission of forms to SBA--(1) Bid Bonds. Within 15 business 
days after the Execution of any Bid Bonds under a bonding line, the 
Surety must submit a ``Surety Bond Guarantee Underwriting Review'' (SBA 
Form 994B) to SBA for approval. If that form is already on file with SBA 
and no new financial statements are required or have been received from 
the Principal, a ``Surety Bond Guarantee Review Update'' (SBA Form 994C) 
may be submitted instead. If the Surety fails to submit either form 
within this time period, SBA's guarantee of the bond will be void from 
its inception unless SBA determines otherwise upon a showing that a 
valid reason exists why the timely submission was not made.
    (2) Final Bonds. Within 15 business days after the Execution of any 
Final Bonds under a bonding line, the Surety must submit a signed Prior 
Approval Agreement and a ``Surety Bond Guarantee Underwriting Review'' 
(SBA Form 994B) to SBA for approval. If that form is already on file 
with SBA and no new financial statements are required or have been 
received from the Principal, a ``Surety Bond Guarantee Review Update'' 
(SBA Form 994C) may be submitted instead. If the Surety fails to submit 
these forms together with the Principal's payment for its guarantee fee 
within this time period, SBA's guarantee of the bond will be void from 
its inception unless SBA determines otherwise upon a showing that the 
Contract is not in default and a valid reason exists why the timely 
submission was not made.
    (3) Additional information. The Surety must submit any other data 
SBA requests.
    (e) Cancellation of bonding line--(1) Optional cancellation. Either 
SBA or the Surety may cancel a bonding line at any time, with or without 
cause, upon written notice to the other party. Upon the receipt of any 
adverse information concerning the Principal, the Surety must promptly 
notify SBA, and SBA may cancel the bonding line.
    (2) Mandatory cancellation. Upon the occurrence of a default by the 
Principal, whether under a contract bonded by the same or another surety 
or an unbonded contract, the Surety must immediately cancel the bonding 
line.
    (3) Effect of cancellation. Cancellation of a bonding line by SBA is 
effective upon receipt of written notice by the Surety. Bonds issued 
before the effective date of cancellation remain guaranteed by SBA. Upon 
cancellation by SBA or the Surety, the Surety must

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promptly notify the Principal in writing.



Sec. 115.34  Minimization of Surety's Loss.

    (a) Imminent Breach--(1) Prior approval requirement. SBA will 
reimburse its guaranteed share of payments made by a Surety to avoid or 
attempt to avoid an Imminent Breach of the terms of a Contract covered 
by an SBA guaranteed bond only if the payments were made with the prior 
approval of OSG. OSG's prior approval will be given only if the Surety 
demonstrates to SBA's satisfaction that a breach is imminent and that 
there is no other recourse to prevent such breach.
    (2) Amount of reimbursement. The aggregate of the payments by SBA to 
avoid Imminent Breach cannot exceed 10% of the Contract amount, unless 
the Administrator finds that a greater payment (not to exceed the 
guaranteed share of the bond penalty) is necessary and reasonable. In no 
event will SBA make any duplicate payment pursuant to this or any other 
provision of this part 115.
    (3) Recordkeeping requirement. The Surety must keep records of 
payments made to avoid Imminent Breach.
    (b) Salvage and recovery. A Prior Approval Surety must pursue all 
possible sources of salvage and recovery until SBA concurs with the 
Surety's recommendation for a discontinuance or for a settlement. The 
Surety must certify that continued pursuit of salvage and recovery would 
be neither economically feasible nor a viable strategy in maximizing 
recovery. See also Sec. 115.17(b).



Sec. 115.35  Claims for reimbursement of Losses.

    (a) Notification requirements--(1) Events requiring notification. A 
Prior Approval Surety must notify OSG of the occurrence of any of the 
following:
    (i) Legal action under the bond has been initiated.
    (ii) The Obligee has declared the Principal to be in default under 
the Contract.
    (iii) The Surety has established a claim reserve for the bond.
    (iv) The Surety has received any adverse information concerning the 
Principal's financial condition or possible inability to complete the 
project or to pay laborers or suppliers.
    (2) Timing of notification. Notification must be made in writing at 
the earlier of the time the Surety applies for a guarantee on behalf of 
an affected Principal, or within 30 days of the date the Surety acquires 
knowledge, or should have acquired knowledge, of any of the listed 
events.
    (b) Surety action. The Surety must take all necessary steps to 
mitigate Losses resulting from any of the events in paragraph (a) of 
this section, including the disposal at fair market value of any 
collateral held by or available to the Surety. Unless SBA notifies the 
Surety otherwise, the Surety must take charge of all claims or suits 
arising from a defaulted bond, and compromise, settle and defend such 
suits. The Surety must handle and process all claims under the bond and 
all settlements and recoveries as it does on non-guaranteed bonds.
    (c) Claim reimbursement requests. (1) Claims for reimbursement for 
Losses which the Surety has paid must be submitted (together with a copy 
of the bond, the bonded Contract, and any indemnity agreements) with the 
initial claim to OSG on a ``Default Report, Claim for Reimbursement and 
Record of Administrative Action'' (SBA Form 994H), within 1 year from 
the time of each disbursement. Claims submitted after 1 year must be 
accompanied by substantiation satisfactory to SBA. The date of the claim 
for reimbursement is the date of receipt of the claim by SBA, or such 
later date as additional information requested by SBA is received.
    (2) The Surety must also submit evidence of the disposal of all 
collateral at fair market value.
    (3) SBA may request additional information prior to reimbursing the 
Surety for its Loss.
    (4) Subject to the offset provisions of part 140, SBA pays its share 
of the Loss incurred and paid by the Surety within 90 days of receipt of 
the requisite information.
    (5) Claims for reimbursement and any additional information 
submitted are subject to review and audit by SBA, including but not 
limited to the Surety's

[[Page 125]]

compliance with SBA's regulations and forms.
    (d) Status updates. The Surety must submit semiannual status reports 
on each claim 6 months after the initial default notice, and then every 
6 months. The Surety must notify SBA immediately of any substantial 
changes in the status of the claim or the amounts of Loss reserves.
    (e) Reservation of SBA rights. The payment by SBA of a Surety's 
claim does not waive or invalidate any of the terms of the Prior 
Approval Agreement, the regulations set forth in this part 115, or any 
defense SBA may have against the Surety. Within 30 days of receipt of 
notification that a claim or any portion of a claim should not have been 
paid by SBA, the Surety must repay the specified amounts to SBA.



Sec. 115.36  Indemnity settlements and reinstatement of Principal.

    (a) Indemnity settlements. (1) An indemnity settlement occurs when a 
defaulted Principal and its Surety agree upon an amount, less than the 
actual loss under the bond, which will satisfy the Principal's 
indebtedness to the Surety. Sureties must not agree to any indemnity 
settlement proposal or enter into any such agreement without SBA's 
concurrence.
    (2) Any settlement proposal submitted for SBA's consideration must 
include current financial information, including financial statements, 
tax returns, and credit reports, together with the Surety's written 
recommendations. It should also indicate whether the Principal is 
interested in further bonding.
    (3) The Surety must pay SBA its pro rata share of the settlement 
amount within 90 days of receipt. Prior to closing the file on a 
Principal, the Surety must certify that SBA has received its pro rata 
share of all indemnity recovery.
    (b) Conditions for reinstatement. At any time after a Principal 
becomes ineligible for further bond guarantees under Sec. 115.14(a), the 
Surety may recommend that such Principal's eligibility be reinstated. 
OSG may agree to reinstate the Principal and its Affiliates if:
    (1) The Principal's guarantee fee has been paid to SBA and SBA 
receives evidence that the Principal has paid all delinquent amounts due 
to the Surety (including amounts for Imminent Breach); or
    (2) The Surety has settled its claim with the Principal for an 
amount and on terms accepted by OSG; or
    (3) The Principal contests a claim and provides collateral, 
acceptable to the Surety and OSG, which has a liquidation value of at 
least the amount of the claim including related expenses; or
    (4) The Principal's indebtedness to the Surety is discharged by 
operation of law (e.g., bankruptcy discharge); or
    (5) OSG and the Surety determine that further bond guarantees are 
appropriate.
    (c) Underwriting after reinstatement. A guarantee application 
submitted after reinstatement of the Principal's eligibility is subject 
to a very stringent underwriting review.



            Subpart C--Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees



Sec. 115.60  Selection and admission of PSB Sureties.

    (a) Selection of PSB Sureties. SBA's selection of PSB Sureties will 
be guided by, but not limited to, these factors:
    (1) An underwriting limitation of at least $1,250,000 on the U.S. 
Treasury Department list of acceptable sureties;
    (2) An agreement to charge Principals no more than the Surety 
Association of America's advisory premium rates in effect on August 1, 
1987;
    (3) Premium income from contract bonds guaranteed by any government 
agency (Federal, State or local) of no more than one- quarter of the 
total contract bond premium income of the Surety;
    (4) The vesting of underwriting authority for SBA guaranteed bonds 
only in employees of the Surety;
    (5) The vesting of final settlement authority for claims and 
recovery under the PSB program only in employees of the Surety's 
permanent claims department; and
    (6) The rating or ranking designations assigned to the Surety by 
recognized authority.

[[Page 126]]

    (b) Admission of PSB Sureties. A Surety admitted to the PSB program 
must execute a PSB Agreement before approving SBA guaranteed bonds. No 
SBA guarantee attaches to bonds approved before the AA/SG or designee 
has countersigned the Agreement.



Sec. 115.61  Duration of PSB program.

    The PSB program terminates on September 30, 2000, unless extended by 
legislation. SBA guarantees effective under this program on or before 
September 30, 2000, will remain in effect after such date.

[61 FR 3271, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 12605, Mar. 16, 1998]



Sec. 115.62  Prohibition on participation in Prior Approval program.

    Neither a PSB Surety nor any of its Affiliates is eligible to submit 
applications under subpart B of this part.



Sec. 115.63  Allotment of guarantee authority.

    (a) General. SBA allots to each PSB Surety a periodic maximum 
guarantee authority. No SBA guarantee attaches to bonds approved by a 
PSB Surety if the bonds exceed the allotted authority for the period in 
which the bonds are approved. No reliance on future authority is 
permitted. An allotment can be increased only by prior written 
permission of SBA.
    (b) Execution of Bid Bonds. When the PSB Surety Executes a Bid Bond, 
SBA debits the Surety's allotment for an amount equal to the guarantee 
percentage of the estimated penal sum of the Final Bond SBA would 
guarantee if the Contract were awarded. If the Contract is then awarded 
for an amount other than the bid amount, or if the bid is withdrawn or 
the Bid Bond guarantee has expired (see Sec. 115.12(c)), SBA debits or 
credits the Surety's allotment accordingly.
    (c) Execution of Final Bonds. If the PSB Surety Executes a 
guaranteed Final Bond, but not the related Bid Bond, SBA debits the 
Surety's allotment for an amount equal to the guarantee percentage of 
the penal sum of the Final Bond. SBA will debit the allotment for 
increases, and credit the allotment for decreases, in the bond amount.
    (d) Release and non-issuance of Final Bonds. The release of Final 
Bonds upon completion of the Contract does not restore the corresponding 
allotment. If, however, a PSB Surety approves a Final Bond but never 
issues the bond, SBA will credit the Surety's allotment for an amount 
equal to the guarantee percentage of the penal sum of the bond. In that 
event, the Surety must notify SBA as soon as possible, but in no event 
later than 5 business days after the non-issuance has been determined. 
Until the Surety has so notified SBA, it cannot rely on such credit.



Sec. 115.64  Timeliness requirement.

    There must be no Execution or approval of a bond by a PSB Surety 
after commencement of work under a Contract unless the Surety obtains 
written approval from the AA/SG. To apply for such approval, the Surety 
must submit a completed ``Surety Bond Guarantee Agreement Addendum'' 
(SBA Form 991), together with the evidence and certifications described 
in Sec. 115.19(f)(1)(ii).



Sec. 115.65  General PSB procedures.

    (a) Retention of information. A PSB Surety must comply with all 
applicable SBA regulations and obtain from its applicants all the 
information and certifications required by SBA. The PSB Surety must 
document compliance with SBA regulations and retain such certifications 
in its files, including a contemporaneous record of the date of approval 
and Execution of each bond. See also Sec. 115.19(f). The certifications 
and other information must be made available for inspection by SBA or 
its agents and must be available for submission to SBA in connection 
with the Surety's claims for reimbursement. The PSB Surety must retain 
the certifications and other information for the term of the bond, plus 
such additional time as may be required to settle any claims of the 
Surety for reimbursement from SBA and to attempt salvage or other 
recovery, plus an additional 3 years. If there are any unresolved audit 
findings in relation to a particular bond, the Surety must maintain the 
related certifications and other information until the findings are 
resolved.

[[Page 127]]

    (b) Usual staff and procedures. The approval, Execution and 
administration by a PSB Surety of SBA guaranteed bonds must be handled 
in the same manner and with the same staff as the Surety's activity 
outside the PSB program. The Surety must request job status reports from 
Obligees in accordance with its own procedures.
    (c) Notification to SBA. (1) Approvals. A PSB Surety must notify SBA 
by electronic transmission or monthly bordereau, as agreed between the 
Surety and SBA, of all approved Bid and Final Bonds, and of the Surety's 
approval of increases and decreases in the Contract or bond amount. The 
notice must contain the information specified from time to time in 
agreements between the Surety and SBA. SBA may deny liability with 
respect to Final Bonds for which SBA has not received timely notice.
    (2) Other events requiring notification. The PSB Surety must notify 
SBA within 30 calendar days of the name and address of any Principal 
against whom legal action on the bond has been instituted; whenever an 
Obligee has declared a default; whenever the Surety has established or 
added to a claim reserve; of the recovery of any amounts on the 
guaranteed bond; and of any decision by the Surety to bond any such 
Principal again.



Sec. 115.66  Fees.

    The PSB Surety must pay SBA a certain percentage of the Premium it 
charges on Final Bonds. The PSB Surety must also remit to SBA the 
Principal's payment for its guarantee fee, equal to a certain percentage 
of the Contract amount. The fee percentages are determined by SBA and 
are published in Notices in the Federal Register from time to time. Each 
fee is rounded to the nearest dollar. The Surety must remit SBA's 
Premium share and the Principal's guarantee fee with the bordereau 
listing the related Final Bond, as required in the PSB Agreement.



Sec. 115.67  Changes in Contract or bond amount.

    (a) Increases. The PSB Surety must process Contract or bond amount 
increases within its allotment in the same manner as initial guaranteed 
bond issuances (see Sec. 115.65(c)(1)). The Surety must present checks 
for additional fees due from the Principal and the Surety on increases 
aggregating 25% of the contract or bond amount or $50,000, and attach 
such payments to the respective monthly bordereau. If the additional 
Principal's fee or Surety's fee is less than $40, such fee is not due 
until all unpaid increases in such fee aggregate at least $40.
    (b) Decreases. If the Contract or bond amount is decreased, SBA will 
refund to the Principal a proportionate amount of the guarantee fee, and 
adjust SBA's Premium share accordingly in the ordinary course of 
business. No refund or adjustment will be made until the amounts to be 
refunded or rebated, respectively, aggregate at least $40.



Sec. 115.68  Guarantee percentage.

    SBA reimburses a PSB Surety in an amount not to exceed 70% of the 
Loss incurred and paid. Where the Contract amount, after the Execution 
of the bond, increases beyond the statutory limit of $1,250,000, SBA's 
share of the Loss is limited to that percentage of the increased 
Contract amount which the statutory limit represents, multiplied by the 
guarantee percentage approved by SBA. For an example, see 
Sec. 115.31(d).



Sec. 115.69  Imminent Breach.

    (a) No prior approval requirement. SBA will reimburse a PSB Surety 
for the guaranteed portion of payments the Surety makes to avoid or 
attempt to avoid an Imminent Breach of the terms of a Contract covered 
by an SBA guaranteed bond. The PSB Surety does not need SBA approval to 
make Imminent Breach payments.
    (b) Amount of reimbursement. The aggregate of the payments by SBA 
under this section cannot exceed 10% of the Contract amount, unless the 
Administrator finds that a greater payment (not to exceed the guaranteed 
portion of the bond penalty) is necessary and reasonable. In no event 
will SBA make any duplicate payment under any provision of these 
regulations in this part.

[[Page 128]]

    (c) Recordkeeping requirement. The PSB Surety must keep records of 
payments made to avoid Imminent Breach.



Sec. 115.70  Claims for reimbursement of Losses.

    (a) How claims are submitted. A PSB Surety must submit claims for 
reimbursement on a form approved by SBA no later than 1 year from the 
date the Surety paid the amount. Loss is determined as of the date of 
receipt by SBA of the claim for reimbursement, or as of such later date 
as additional information requested by SBA is received. Subject to the 
offset provisions of part 140, SBA pays its share of Loss within 90 days 
of receipt of the requisite information. Claims for reimbursement and 
any additional information submitted are subject to review and audit by 
SBA.
    (b) Surety responsibilities. The PSB Surety must take all necessary 
steps to mitigate Losses when legal action against a bond has been 
instituted, when the Obligee has declared a default, and when the Surety 
has established a claim reserve. The Surety may dispose of collateral at 
fair market value only. Unless SBA notifies the Surety otherwise, the 
Surety must take charge of all claims or suits arising from a defaulted 
bond, and compromise, settle or defend the suits. The Surety must handle 
and process all claims under the bond and all settlements and recoveries 
in the same manner as it does on non-guaranteed bonds.
    (c) Reservation of SBA's rights. The payment by SBA of a PSB 
Surety's claim does not waive or invalidate any of the terms of the PSB 
Agreement, the regulations in this part 115, or any defense SBA may have 
against the Surety. Within 30 days of receipt of notification that a 
claim or any portion of a claim should not have been paid by SBA, the 
Surety must repay the specified amounts to SBA.



Sec. 115.71  Denial of liability.

    In addition to the grounds set forth in Sec. 115.19, SBA may deny 
liability to a PSB Surety if:
    (a) The PSB Surety's guaranteed bond was in an amount which, 
together with all other guaranteed bonds, exceeded the allotment for the 
period during which the bond was approved, and no prior SBA approval had 
been obtained;
    (b) The PSB Surety's loss was incurred under a bond which was not 
listed on the bordereau for the period when it was approved; or
    (c) The loss incurred by the PSB Surety is not attributable to the 
particular Contract for which an SBA guaranteed bond was approved.



PART 117--NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF SBA--EFFECTUATION OF THE AGE DISCRIMINATION ACT OF 1975, AS AMENDED--Table of Contents




Sec.
117.1  Purpose.
117.2  Application of this part.
117.3  Definitions.
117.4  Discrimination prohibited and exceptions.
117.5  Illustrative applications.
117.6  Remedial and affirmative action by recipients.
117.7  Assurances required.
117.8  Responsibilities of SBA recipients.
117.9  Compliance information.
117.10  Review procedures.
117.11  Complaint procedures.
117.12  Mediation.
117.13  Investigation and resolution of matters.
117.14  Intimidating or retaliatory acts prohibited.
117.15  Procedure for effecting compliance.
117.16  Hearings.
117.17  Decisions and notices.
117.18  Judicial review.
117.19  Effect on other regulations.
117.20  Supervision and coordination.

Appendix A to Part 117

    Authority: Age Discrimination Act of 1975, 42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.

    Source: 50 FR 41648, Oct. 11, 1985, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 117.1  Purpose.

    The purpose of this part is to effectuate the provisions of The Age 
Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended (hereinafter referred to as the 
Act), to the end that no person in the United States shall, on the basis 
of age, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or 
be subjected to discrimination under programs receiving financial 
assistance or any financial

[[Page 129]]

activities of the Small Business Administration to which this Act 
applies. The Act also permits recipients of Federal funds to continue to 
use certain age distinctions and other factors other than age which meet 
the requirements of the Act and these regulations in the conduct of 
programs and the provision of services to the public.



Sec. 117.2  Application of this part.

    (a) This part applies to all recipients of assistance under programs 
administered by the Small Business Administration and to programs of 
financial assistance by the Small Business Administration, whether or 
not listed in appendix A.
    (b) For the purposes of this part, the prohibition against age 
discrimination applies to natural persons of all ages.
    (c) This part does not apply to the employment practices of any 
recipients.



Sec. 117.3  Definitions.

    As used in this part:
    (a) The term act means the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as 
amended (Title III of Pub. L. 94-135).
    (b) The term action means any act, activity, policy, rule, standard, 
or method of administration; or the use of any policy, rule, standard, 
or method of administration.
    (c) The term age means how old a person is, or the number of years 
from the date of a person's birth.
    (d) The term age distinction means any action using age or an age-
related term.
    (e) The term age-related means a word or words which necessarily 
imply a particular age or range of ages (for example, children, adult, 
older persons, but not student).
    (f) The term agency means a Federal department or agency that is 
empowered to extend financial assistance.
    (g) The term applicant means one who applies for Federal financial 
assistance.
    (h) The term Federal financial assistance includes: (1) Grants and 
loans of Federal funds; (2) the grant or donation of Federal property 
and interests in property; (3) the detail of Federal personnel; (4) the 
sale and lease of, and the permission to use (on other than a casual or 
transient basis), Federal property or any interest in such property 
without consideration, or at a nominal consideration, or at a 
consideration which is reduced for the purpose of assisting the 
recipient, or in recognition of the public interest to be served by such 
sale or lease to the recipient; and (5) any Federal agreement, 
arrangement, or other contract which has as one of its purposes the 
provision of assistance.
    (i) The term normal operation means the operation of a business or 
activity without significant changes that would impair its ability to 
meet its objectives.
    (j) The term recipient means one who receives any Federal financial 
assistance under any program administered by the Small Business 
Administration. (See Appendix A.) The term recipient also shall be 
deemed to include subrecipients of SBA financial assistance.
    (k) The term SBA means the Small Business Administration.
    (l) The term subrecipient means any business concern that receives 
Federal financial assistance from the primary recipient of such 
financial assistance. A subrecipient is generally regarded as a 
recipient of Federal financial assistance and has all the duties of a 
recipient in these regulations.
    (m) The term statutory objective means the purposes of the 
legislation as stated in an act, statute or ordinance or can be shown in 
the legislative history of any Federal statute, State statute, or local 
statute or ordinance adopted by an elected, general purpose legislative 
body.



Sec. 117.4  Discrimination prohibited and exceptions.

    (a) General. To the extent that this part applies, no person in the 
United States shall, on the basis of age, be excluded from participation 
in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under 
any business or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
    (b) Specific discriminatory actions prohibited. To the extent that 
this part applies, a recipient business or other activity may not, 
directly or through contractual arrangements, on the ground of age:

[[Page 130]]

    (1) Deny an individual any services, financial aid or other benefit 
provided by the business or other activity, except where sanctioned by 
one of the exceptions stated in Sec. 117.4 (d), (e) or (f) of this 
section.
    (2) Provide any service, financial aid or other benefit, except as 
sanctioned by one of the exceptions stated below, in such a way as to 
deny or limit persons in their efforts to participate in federally-
assisted programs;
    (3) Treat an individual differently from others, except as 
sanctioned by an exception stated below, in determining whether the 
person satisfied any admission, enrollment, eligibility, membership, or 
other requirement or condition which individuals must meet in order to 
be provided any service, financial aid or other benefit provided by the 
business or activity.
    (c) The specific forms of prohibited discrimination in paragraph (b) 
of this section does not limit the generality of the prohibition in 
paragraph (a) of this section.
    (d) Exception 1. A recipient is permitted to take an action 
otherwise prohibited by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, if the 
action reasonably takes into account age as a factor necessary to the 
normal operation or the achievement of any statutory objective of a 
business or activity. An action reasonably takes into account age as a 
factor necessary to the normal operation or the achievement of any 
statutory objective of a business or activity, if:
    (1) Age is used as a measure or approximation of one or more other 
characteristics; and
    (2) The other characteristic(s) must be measured or approximated in 
order for the normal operation of the business or activity to continue, 
or to achieve any statutory objective of the business or activity; and
    (3) The other characteristic(s) can be reasonably measured or 
approximated by the use of age; and
    (4) The other characteristic(s) are impractical to measure directly 
on an individual basis.

    Note: All of the above factors must be met in order to exclude a 
business activity from the provisions of this part.

    (e) Exception 2. A recipient is permitted to take an action 
otherwise prohibited by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section which is 
based on a factor other than age, even though that action may have a 
disproportionate effect on persons of different ages. An action may be 
based on a factor other than age if the factor bears a direct and 
substantial relationship to the normal operation of the business or 
activity or to the achievement of a statutory objective.
    (f) Exception 3. A recipient is permitted to take an action 
otherwise prohibited by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section if an age 
distinction is contained in that part of a Federal, State or local 
statute or ordinance adopted by an elected general purpose legislative 
body which provides any benefits or assistance to, establishes criteria 
for participation in, or describes intended beneficiaries or target 
groups in age-related terms.
    (g) The burden of proving that an age distinction or other action 
falls within the exceptions outlined in paragraphs (d), (e), and (f) of 
this section on the recipient of Federal financial assistance.



Sec. 117.5  Illustrative applications.

    (a) Discrimination in providing financial assistance. Development 
companies and small business investment companies, which apply for or 
receive any financial assistance may not discriminate on the ground of 
age in providing financial assistance to small business concerns. Such 
discrimination prohibited by Sec. 117.4 includes but is not limited to 
the failure or refusal, because of the age of the applicant, or the age 
of the applicant's principal owner or operating official to extend a 
loan or equity financing to any business concern; or, in the case of 
financing which has actually been extended, the failure or refusal 
because of the age of the recipient, or the age of recipient's principal 
owner or operating official to accord the recipient fair treatment and 
the customary courtesies regarding such matters as default, grace 
periods and the like.
    (b) Discrimination in accommodations or services. Small Business 
Concerns and others who or which apply for or receive any financial 
assistance in a program administered by the Small Business 
Administration, such as but

[[Page 131]]

not limited to physicians, dentists, hospitals, schools, libraries, and 
other individuals or organizations may not discriminate in the 
treatment, accommodations or services they provide to their patients, 
students, members, passengers, or members of the public, except when the 
normal operation or statutory objective of the business or activity of 
the intended beneficiary is designated in age-related terms, whether or 
not operated for profit. Action by such business or activity to be 
excluded from compliance with this regulation must fall within the 
exceptions enumerated in Sec. 117.4 (d), (e), and (f) of this part.
    (c) The discrimination prohibited by Sec. 117.5(b) includes, but is 
not limited to the failure or refusal, because of age, to accept a 
patient, student, member, customer, client, or passenger, except when 
the imposition of this prohibition would interfere with the normal 
operation of the business, e.g., pediatricians, nursery schools, 
geriatric clinics.



Sec. 117.6  Remedial and affirmative action by recipients.

    (a) Where a recipient is found to have discriminated on the basis of 
age, the recipient shall take any remedial action which the Agency may 
require to overcome the effects of the discrimination. If another 
recipient exercises control over the recipient that has discriminated, 
both recipients may be required to take remedial action.
    (b) Even in the absence of a finding of discrimination, a recipient 
may take affirmative action to overcome the effects of conditions that 
resulted in limited participation in the recipient's business or program 
on the basis of age.
    (c) If a recipient operating a program which serves the elderly or 
children in addition to persons of other ages, provides special benefits 
to the elderly or to children, the provision of those benefits shall be 
presumed to be voluntary affirmative action provided that it does not 
have the effect of excluding otherwise eligible persons from 
participation in the program.



Sec. 117.7  Assurances required.

    An application for financial assistance under any program 
administered by the Small Business Administration shall, as a condition 
of its approval and the extension of such assistance, contain or be 
accompanied by an assurance that the recipient will comply with this 
part. SBA shall specify the form of the foregoing assurance for each 
program, and the extent to which like assurances will be required of 
contractors and subcontractors, transferees, successors, and other 
participants in the program.



Sec. 117.8  Responsibilities of SBA recipients.

    (a) Each SBA recipient has the primary responsibility to ensure that 
its programs and activities are in compliance with the Act and these 
regulations, and shall take steps to eliminate violations of the Act. A 
recipient also has responsibility to maintain records, provide 
information, and to afford SBA access to its records to the extent SBA 
finds necessary to determine whether the recipient is in compliance with 
the Act and these regulations. (OMB No. 3245 0076)
    (b) Where a recipient passes on Federal financial assistance from 
SBA to subrecipients, the recipient shall provide the subrecipients 
written notice of their obligations under the Act and these regulations.
    (c) Each recipient shall make necessary information about the Act 
and these regulations available to its program beneficiaries in order to 
inform them about the protections against discrimination provided by the 
Act and these regulations.
    (d) Whenever an assessment indicates a violation of the Act and the 
SBA regulations, the recipient shall take corrective action.



Sec. 117.9  Compliance information.

    (a) Cooperation and assistance. SBA shall, to the fullest extent 
practicable, seek the cooperation of recipients in obtaining compliance 
with this part and shall provide assistance and guidance to recipients 
to help them comply voluntarily with this part.
    (b) Record Keeping. Each recipient shall keep records in such form, 
and

[[Page 132]]

containing such information which SBA determines may be necessary to 
ascertain whether the recipient has complied or is complying with this 
part (OMB No. 3245 0076). In the case of a small business concern which 
receives financial assistance from a development company or from a small 
business investment company, the small business concern shall also keep 
such records and information as may be necessary to enable SBA to 
determine if the small business concern is complying with this part.
    (c) Each recipient shall provide to SBA, upon request, information 
and reports which SBA determines are necessary to ascertain whether the 
recipient is complying with the Act and these regulations.
    (d) Access to sources of information. Each recipient shall permit 
reasonable access by SBA during normal business hours to such of its 
books, records, accounts, and other sources of information, and its 
facilities as may be pertinent to ascertain compliance with this part. 
Where any information required of an applicant or recipient is in the 
exclusive possession of any other agency, institution or person and that 
agency, institution or person shall fail or refuse to furnish the 
information, the recipient shall so certify and shall set forth what 
efforts it has made to obtain the required information. The recipient 
will be held responsible for submitting the information. Failure to 
submit information or permit access to sources of information required 
by SBA will subject the recipient to enforcement procedure as provided 
in Sec. 117.15 of this part.

(Information collection requirements in paragraph (c) were approved by 
the Office of Management and Budget under control number 3245-0076)



Sec. 117.10  Review procedures.

    (a) SBA shall from time to time review the practices of recipients 
to determine whether they are complying with this part. As part of a 
compliance review or complaint investigation, SBA may require a 
recipient employing 15 or more full-time employees to complete a written 
self-evaluation, in a manner specified by the Agency, of any age 
distinction imposed in its program or activity receiving Federal 
financial assistance.
    (b) If a compliance review or pre-award review indicates a violation 
of the Act or these regulations, SBA will attempt to achieve voluntary 
compliance with the Act. If voluntary compliance with the recipient 
cannot be achieved, such recipient will be subject to the enforcement 
procedure contained in Sec. 117.15 of these regulations. A refusal to 
permit an on-site compliance review during normal working hours may 
constitute noncompliance with this part.



Sec. 117.11  Complaint procedures.

    (a) Any person who believes that he/she or any specific class of 
individuals is being or has been subjected to discrimination by SBA, a 
recipient, or an applicant for assistance, prohibited by this part may, 
by himself/herself or by a representative, file with SBA a written 
complaint. The complainant has the right to have a representative at all 
stages of the complaint procedure.
    (b) A complaint must be filed not later than 180 days from the date 
of the alleged discrimination, unless the time filing is extended by 
SBA. The Adminstrator, the Director, Office of Equal Employment 
Opportunity and Compliance, and the Chief, Office of Civil Rights 
Compliance, are the only officials who may waive the 180-day time limit 
for filing complaints under this part. SBA will consider the date a 
complaint is filed to be the date upon which the complaint is sufficient 
to be processed.
    (c) Each complaint will be reviewed to ensure that it falls within 
the coverage of the Act and contains all information necessary for 
further processing.
    (d) SBA will attempt to facilitate the filing of complaints wherever 
possible, including taking the following actions:
    (1) Accepting as a sufficient complaint, any written statement which 
identifies the parties involved and the date the complainant first had 
knowledge of the alleged violation, describes generally the action or 
practice complained of, and is signed by the complainant.
    (2) Freely permitting a complainant to add information to the 
complaint to

[[Page 133]]

meet the requirements of a sufficient complaint.
    (3) Notifying the complainant and the recipient of their rights and 
obligations under the complaint procedure, including the right to have a 
representative at all stages of the complaint procedure.
    (4) Notifying the complainant and the recipient (or their 
representatives) of their right to contact the Chief, Office of Civil 
Rights Compliance, for information and assistance regarding the 
complaint resolution process.
    (e) SBA will return to the complainant any complaint filed under the 
jurisdiction of this regulation, but found to be outside the 
jurisdiction of this regulation, and will state the reason(s) why it is 
outside the jurisdiction of this regulation.



Sec. 117.12  Mediation.

    (a) SBA shall, after ensuring that the complaint falls within the 
coverage of this Act and all information necessary for further 
processing is contained therein, unless the age distinction complained 
of is clearly within an exception, promptly refer the complaint to the 
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS).
    (b) SBA shall, to the extent possible, require the participation of 
the recipient and the complainant in the mediation process in an effort 
to reach a mutually satisfactory settlement of the complaint or make an 
informed judgment that an agreement is not possible. Both parties need 
not meet with the mediator at the same time.
    (c) If the complainant and the recipient reach a mutually 
satisfactory resolution of the complaint during the mediation period, 
the mediator shall prepare a written statement of the agreement and have 
the complainant and recipient sign it.
    (d) A copy of the written mediation agreement will be referred to 
SBA, and no further action will be taken unless it appears that either 
the complainant or the recipient (or other alleged discriminator subject 
to this part) fails to comply with the agreement.
    (e) If at the end of 60 days after the receipt of a complaint by 
SBA, or at any time prior thereto, an agreement is reached or the 
mediator determines an agreement cannot be reached through mediation, 
the agreement or complaint will be returned to SBA.
    (f) This 60-day period may be extended by the mediator, with the 
concurrence of SBA for not more than 30 days if the mediator determines 
that an agreement will likely be reached during the extended period.
    (g) The mediator shall protect the confidentiality of all 
information obtained in the course of the mediation process. No mediator 
shall testify in any adjudicative proceeding, produce any document, or 
otherwise disclose any information obtained during the course of the 
mediation process without prior approval of the head of the agency 
appointing the mediator.



Sec. 117.13  Investigation and resolution of matters.

    (a) SBA will make a prompt investigation whenever a compliance 
review indicates a possible failure to comply with this part by the 
recipient and additional information is needed by SBA to assure 
compliance with this part, or when an unresolved complaint has been 
returned by the FMCS, or when it appears that the complainant or the 
recipient is failing to comply with a mediation agreement. The 
investigation shall include a review of the pertinent practices and 
policies of the recipient, the circumstances under which the possible 
noncompliance with this part occurred, and other factors relevant to a 
determination as to whether the recipient is complying, is not 
complying, or has failed to comply with this part.
    (b) Resolution of matters. If an investigation indicates a failure 
to comply with this part, SBA will so inform the complainant, if 
applicable, and the recipient that the matter will be resolved by 
informal means that are mutually agreeable to the parties, whenever 
possible.
    (1) If, during the course of an investigation, the matter is 
resolved by informal means, SBA will put any agreement in writing and 
have it signed by the parties and an authorized official of SBA.
    (2) If investigation indicates a violation of the Act or these 
regulations, SBA will attempt to achieve voluntary

[[Page 134]]

compliance. If SBA cannot achieve voluntary compliance, it will begin 
enforcement as described in Sec. 117.15.
    (3) If an investigation does not warrant action, SBA will so inform 
the complainant, if applicable, and the recipient in writing.



Sec. 117.14  Intimidating or retaliatory acts prohibited.

    No complainant, recipient or other person shall intimidate, 
threaten, coerce, or discriminate against any individual for the purpose 
of interfering with any right or privilege secured by this part or 
because an individual or group has made a complaint, testified, 
assisted, or participated in any manner in an investigation, review, 
enforcement process, or hearing under this part. The identity of 
complainants shall be kept confidential except to the extent necessary 
to carry out the purposes of this part, including the conduct of any 
investigation, hearing, mediation, or judicial proceeding.



Sec. 117.15  Procedure for effecting compliance.

    (a) General. (1) If there appears to be a failure or threatened 
failure to comply with this part by an applicant or recipient and if the 
noncompliance or threatened noncompliance cannot be resolved by informal 
means, compliance with this part may be effected by suspending, 
terminating, or refusing any financial assistance approved but not yet 
disbursed to an applicant. In the case of loans partially or fully 
disbursed, compliance with this part may be effected by calling, 
canceling, terminating, accelerating repayment, or suspending in whole 
or in part the Federal financial assistance provided. The determination 
of the recipient's violation may be made only after a recipient has had 
an opportunity for a hearing on the record before an administrative law 
judge.
    (2) In addition, compliance may be effected by any other means 
authorized by law. Such other means may include, but are not limited to:
    (i) Action by SBA to accelerate the maturity of the recipient's 
obligation;
    (ii) Referral to the Department of Justice with a recommendation 
that appropriate proceedings be brought to enforce any rights of the 
United States under any law of the United States or obligations of the 
recipient created by the Act or this part; and
    (iii) Use of any requirement of or referral to any Federal, State or 
local government agency that will have the effect of correcting a 
violation of the Act or these regulations.
    (3) If there appears to be a failure or threatened failure to comply 
with this part by an SBA program office or official, the Chief, Office 
of Civil Rights Compliance, through the Director, Office of Equal 
Employment Opportunity and Compliance, will recommend appropriate 
corrective action to the Administrator. Any resulting adverse action 
against an SBA employee shall follow Office of Personnel Management and 
SBA procedures for such action.
    (b) Noncompliance with Secs. 117.7 and 117.9. If an applicant fails 
or refuses to furnish an assurance required under 
& 117.7, or fails to 
provide information or allow SBA access to information under 
& 117.9 or otherwise 
fails or refuses to comply with a requirement imposed by or pursuant to 
those sections, Federal financial assistance may be deferred for a 
period not to exceed 60 days after the applicant has received a notice 
for an opportunity for hearing under 
& 117.16, or unless a 
hearing has begun within that time, or the time for beginning the 
hearing has been extended by mutual consent of the recipient and the 
Agency, for purposes of determining what constitutes mutual consent, the 
Agency shall be deemed to have consented to any extension requested by 
the recipient and granted by the administrative law judge (hearing 
officer), whether or not the Agency initially approved the extension. A 
deferral may not continue for more than 30 days after the close of the 
hearing, unless the hearing results in a finding against the applicant 
or recipient.
    (c) SBA will not take action toward accelerating repayment, 
suspending, terminating, or refusing financial assistance until:
    (1) SBA has advised the applicant or recipient of the failure to 
comply and has determined that compliance cannot be secured by voluntary 
means;

[[Page 135]]

    (2) There has been an express finding on the record, after an 
opportunity for hearing, of a failure by the applicant or recipient to 
comply with a requirement imposed by or pursuant to this part;
    (3) The action has been approved by the Administrator of SBA 
pursuant to & 117.17; 
and
    (4) The expiration of 30 days after SBA has filed with the committee 
of the House and the committee of the Senate having legislative 
jurisdiction over the form of financial assistance involved, a full 
written report of the circumstances and the grounds for such action.
    (d) Other means authorized by law. No action to effect compliance by 
any other means authorized by law shall be taken until:
    (1) SBA has determined that compliance cannot be secured by 
voluntary means;
    (2) The action has been approved by the Administrator or designee;
    (3) The expiration of 30 days after SBA has filed with the committee 
of the House and the committee of the Senate having legislative 
jurisdiction over the form of financial assistance involved, a full 
written report of the circumstances and the grounds for such action;
    (4) The applicant or recipient has been notified of the failure to 
comply, and of the action to be taken to effect compliance; and
    (5) The expiration of at least 10 days from the mailing of such 
notice to the applicant or recipient or other person. During this period 
of at least 10 days from the mailing of such notice to the applicant or 
recipient or other person, additional efforts shall be made to persuade 
the applicant or recipient to comply with this part and to take such 
corrective action as may be appropriate.



Sec. 117.16  Hearings.

    (a) Opportunity for hearing. Whenever an opportunity for a hearing 
is required by Sec. 117.15, reasonable notice shall be given by 
registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the affected 
applicant or recipient. This notice shall advise the applicant or 
recipient of the action proposed to be taken, the specific provision 
under which the proposed action against it is to be taken, and the 
matters of fact or law asserted as the basis for this action, and 
either.
    (1) Fix a date not less than 20 days after the date of such notice 
within which the applicant or recipient may request the Office of 
Hearings and Appeals (OHA) that the matter be scheduled for hearing; or
    (2) Advise the applicant or recipient that the matter in question 
has been set down for hearing at a stated place and time. The time and 
place so fixed shall be reasonable and shall be subject to change for 
cause. The complainant shall be advised of the time and place of the 
hearing. An applicant or recipient may waive a hearing and submit 
written information and argument for the record. The failure of an 
applicant or recipient to appear at a hearing for which a date has been 
set shall be deemed to be a waiver of the right to a hearing and as 
consent to the making of a decision on the basis of such information as 
is available.
    (b) Time and place of hearing. Hearings shall be held at OHA in 
Washington, DC, at a time fixed by OHA unless that office determines 
that the convenience of the complainant, applicant, recipient or SBA 
requires that another place be selected. Hearings shall be held before 
an administrative law judge designated in accordance with the 
Administrative Procedure Act.
    (c) Right to counsel. In all proceedings under this section, the 
applicant or recipient and SBA shall have the right to be represented by 
counsel.
    (d) Procedures, evidence, and record. (1) The hearings, decisions, 
and any administrative review shall be conducted in conformity with the 
Administrative Procedure Act and 13 CFR part 134. Such rules of 
procedure should be consistent with this section, relate to the conduct 
of the hearing, provide for giving of notices to those referred to in 
paragraph (a) of this section, taking of testimony, exhibits, arguments, 
and briefs, request for findings and other related matters. SBA, the 
complainant, if any, and the applicant or recipient shall be entitled to 
introduce all relevant evidence on the issues as stated in the notice 
for hearing, or as determined by the administrative law judge

[[Page 136]]

conducting the hearing at the outset of or during the hearing.
    (2) Technical rules of evidence may be waived by the administrative 
law judge conducting a hearing pursuant to this part, but rules or 
principles designed to assure production of the most credible evidence 
available, and subject testimony to test by cross-examination shall be 
applied where reasonably necessary. The administrative law judge may 
exclude irrelevant, immaterial, or unduly repetitious evidence. All 
documents and other evidence offered or taken for the record shall be 
open to examination by the parties and opportunity shall be given to 
refute facts and arguments advanced on either side of the issues. A 
transcript shall be made of the oral evidence except to the extent the 
substance thereof is stipulated for the record. All decisions shall be 
based upon the hearing record and written findings shall be made.
    (e) Consolidated or joint hearings. In cases in which the same or 
related facts are asserted to constitute noncompliance or threatened 
noncompliance with this part, with respect to two or more forms of 
financial assistance to which this part applies, or noncompliance with 
this part and the regulations of one or more other Federal agencies 
issued under the Act, the Administrator may, by agreement with such 
other agencies, provide for the conduct of consolidated or joint 
hearings, and for the application to such hearings of rules and 
procedures not inconsistent with this part. Final decisions in such 
cases, insofar as this part is concerned, shall be made in accordance 
with Sec. 117.17.



Sec. 117.17  Decisions and notices.

    (a) Decision by an administrative law judge. If the hearing is held 
by an administrative law judge, such administrative law judge shall 
either make an initial decision, if so authorized, or certify the entire 
record, including recommended findings and proposed decision, to the 
Administrator for a final decision and a copy of such initial decision 
or certification shall be mailed to the applicant or recipient and the 
complainant. Where the initial decision is made by the administrative 
law judge, the applicant or recipient may, within 30 days of the mailing 
of such notice of initial decision, file with the Administrator 
exceptions to the initial decision, with the reasons therefor. In the 
absence of exceptions, the Administrator may, by motion within 45 days 
after the initial decision, serve on the applicant or recipient a notice 
that he/she will review the decision. Upon the filing of such exceptions 
or of such notice of review, the Administrator shall review the initial 
decision and issue his/her decision thereon, including the reasons 
therefor. The decision of the Administrator shall be mailed promptly to 
the applicant or recipient, and the complainant, if any. In the absence 
of either exceptions or a notice of review, the initial decision shall 
constitute the final decision of the Administrator.
    (b) Decisions on record or review by the Administrator. Whenever a 
record is certified to the Administrator for decision or the 
Administrator reviews the decision of an administrative law judge 
pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section, or whenever the Secretary of 
the Department of Health and Human Services or the Department of Justice 
conducts the hearing, the applicant or recipient shall be given 
reasonable opportunity to file briefs or other written statements of its 
contentions and a copy of the final decision of the Administrator shall 
be given in writing to the applicant or recipient and the complainant, 
if any.
    (c) Decisions on record where a hearing is waived. Whenever a 
hearing is waived pursuant to Sec. 117.16, a decision shall be made by 
the Administrator on the record and a copy of such decision shall be 
given in writing to the applicant or recipient, and to the complainant, 
if any.
    (d) Rulings required. Each decision of an administrative law judge 
or the Administrator shall set forth the ruling on each finding, 
conclusion, or exception presented, and shall identify the requirement 
or requirements imposed by or pursuant to this part with which it is 
found that the applicant or recipient has failed to comply.
    (e) Decision by the Administrator. The Administrator shall make any 
final decision which provides for the suspension or termination of, or 
the refusal to

[[Page 137]]

grant or continue Federal financial assistance, acceleration repayment 
or the imposition of any other sanction available under the regulations 
or taken under other means authorized by law.
    (f) Content of orders. The final decision may provide for 
accelerating of repayment, suspension or termination of, or refusal to 
approve, disburse, or continue Federal financial assistance, in whole or 
in part, under the programs involved, and may contain such terms, 
conditions, and other provisions as are consistent with and will 
effectuate the purposes of the Act and this part, including provisions 
designed to assure that no Federal financial assistance will, 
thereafter, be extended under such program to the applicant or recipient 
determined by such decision to have failed to comply with this part, 
unless and until it corrects its noncompliance and satisfies the 
Administrator that it will fully comply with this part.
    (g) Post termination proceedings. (1) An applicant or recipient 
adversely affected by an order issued under paragraph (e) of this 
section shall be restored to full eligibility to receive Federal 
financial assistance only if it satisfies the terms and conditions of 
that order for such eligibility and it brings itself into compliance 
with this regulation and provides reasonable assurance that it will 
fully comply with this regulation.
    (2) Any applicant or recipient adversely affected by an order 
entered pursuant to paragraph (f) of this section may at any time 
request the Administrator to restore fully its eligibility to receive 
Federal financial assistance. Any such request shall be supported by 
information showing that the applicant or recipient has met the 
requirements of paragraph (g)(1) of this section. If the Administrator 
determines that those requirements have been satisfied, he/she shall 
restore such eligibility.
    (3) If the Administrator denies any such request, the applicant or 
recipient may submit a request for a hearing in writing, specifying why 
it believes the denial to have been in error. It shall there upon be 
given an expeditious hearing, with a decision on the record, in 
accordance with rules and procedures issued by the Administrator. The 
applicant or recipient shall be restored to such eligibility if it 
proves at such hearing that it satisfied the requirements of paragraph 
(g)(1) of this section. While proceedings under this paragraph are 
pending, the sanctions imposed by the order issued under paragraph (f) 
of this section shall remain in effect.



Sec. 117.18  Judicial review.

    (a) The complainant may file a civil action following the exhaustion 
of administrative remedies under the Act. Administrative remedies are 
exhausted if:
    (1) 180 days have elapsed since the complainant filed the complaint 
and the Agency has made no finding with regard to the complaint; or
    (2) The Agency has issued a finding in favor of the recipient.
    (b) If the Agency fails to make a finding within 180 days or issues 
a finding in favor of the recipient, the Agency shall:
    (1) Advise the complainant of this fact;
    (2) Advise the complainant of the right to file a civil action for 
injunctive relief; and
    (3) Inform the complainant:
    (i) That the complainant may bring a civil action only in a United 
States district court for the district in which the recipient is found 
or transacts business;
    (ii) That a complainant prevailing in a civil action has the right 
to be awarded the costs of the action, including reasonable attorney's 
fees, but that the complainant must demand these costs in the complaint;
    (iii) That before commencing the action the complainant shall give 
30 days notice by registered mail to the Secretary of the Department of 
Health and Human Services, the Attorney General of the United States and 
the recipient;
    (iv) That the notice must state: The alleged violation of the Act; 
the relief requested; the court in which the complainant is bringing the 
action; and whether or not attorney's fees are demanded in the event the 
complainant prevails; and

[[Page 138]]

    (v) That the complainant may not bring an action if the same alleged 
violation of the Act by the same recipient is the subject of a pending 
action in any court of the United States.



Sec. 117.19  Effect on other regulations.

    (a) All regulations, orders or like directions heretofore issued by 
SBA which impose requirements designed to prohibit any discrimination 
against individuals on the grounds of age and which authorize the 
suspension or termination of or refusal to grant or to continue 
financial assistance to any applicant for or recipient of such 
assistance for failure to comply with such requirements, are hereby 
superseded to the extent that such discrimination is prohibited by this 
part, except that nothing in this part shall be deemed to relieve any 
person of any obligation assumed or imposed under any such superseded 
regulation, order, instruction, or like direction prior to the effective 
date of this part. Nothing in this part, however, shall be deemed to 
supersede any of the following (including future amendments thereof):
    (1) Executive Order 11246, as amended, and regulations issued 
thereunder;
    (2) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended;
    (3) The Equal Credit Opportunity Act, as amended and Regulation B of 
the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, (12 CFR part 202);
    (4) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended;
    (5) Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968;
    (6) Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972;
    (7) Section 633(b) of the Small Business Act;
    (8) Part 113 of title 13 of the Code of Federal Regulations (13 CFR 
part 113); or
    (9) Any other statute, order, regulation or instruction, insofar as 
such order, regulations, or instruction prohibits discrimination on the 
grounds of age in any program or situation to which this part is 
inapplicable on any other ground.



Sec. 117.20  Supervision and coordination.

    The Administrator may from time to time assign to officials of SBA 
or to officials of other agencies of the Government with the consent of 
such agencies, responsibilities in connection with the effectuation of 
the purpose of the Act and this part (other than responsibility for 
final decision as provided in Sec. 117.17), including the achievement of 
effective coordination and maximum uniformity within SBA and within the 
Executive Branch of the Government in the application of the Act and 
this part to similar programs and in similar situations. Responsibility 
for administering and enforcing this part is assigned by the 
Administrator, to the Office of Civil Rights Compliance, Office of Equal 
Employment Opportunity and Compliance of the Small Business 
Administration.

                        Appendix A to Part 117\1\

------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Name of program                         Authority
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Business Loans............................  Small Business Act, section
                                             7(a).
Debtor State Development companies (501)    Small Business Investment
 and their small business concerns.          Act, Title V.
Debtor State Development companies (502)    Small Business Investment
 and their small business concerns.          Act, Title V.
Debtor certified development companies      Small Business Investment
 (503) and their small business concerns.    Act, Title V.
Debtor small business investment companies  Small Business Investment
 and their small business concerns.          Act, Title III.
Pollution Control.........................  Small Business Investment
                                             Act, Title IV, Part A.
Disaster Loans:
  Physical, including riot................  Small Business Act, section
                                             7(b)(1).
  Economic Injury (EIDL)..................  Small Business Act, section
                                             7(b)(2).
  Federal Action Loan Program.............  Small Business Act, section
                                             7(b)(3).
  Small Business Institute................  Small Business Act, section
                                             8(b)(1).
  Small Business Development Centers......  Small Business Act, section
                                             21.
  International Trade Program.............  Small Business Act, section
                                             22.
  Technical and Management Assistance.....  Small Business Act, section
                                             7(j).
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ None of the programs administered have any age distinctions except
  as statutorily required.



PART 120--BUSINESS LOANS--Table of Contents




          General Descriptions of SBA'S Business Loan Programs

Sec.
120.1  Which loan programs does this part cover?
120.2  Descriptions of the business loan programs.

[[Page 139]]

120.3  Pilot programs.

                               Definitions

120.10  Definitions.

           Subpart A--Policies Applying to All Business Loans

                        Eligibility Requirements

120.100  What are the basic eligibility requirements for all applicants 
          for SBA business loans?
120.101  Credit not available elsewhere.
120.102  Funds not available from alternative sources, including 
          personal resources of principals.
120.103  Are farm enterprises eligible?
120.104  Are businesses financed by SBICs eligible?
120.105  Special consideration for veterans.

          Ineligible Businesses and Eligible Passive Companies

120.110  What businesses are ineligible for SBA business loans?
120.111  What conditions must an Eligible Passive Company satisfy?

                            Uses of Proceeds

120.120  What are eligible uses of proceeds?
120.130  Restrictions on uses of proceeds.
120.131  Leasing part of new construction or existing building to 
          another business.

                          Ethical Requirements

120.140  What ethical requirements apply to participants?

                      Credit Criteria for SBA Loans

120.150  What are SBA's lending criteria?
120.151  What is the statutory limit for total loans to a Borrower?
120.160  Loan conditions.

            Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders

120.170  Flood insurance.
120.171  Compliance with child support obligations.
120.172  Flood-plain and wetlands management.
120.173  Lead-based paint.
120.174  Earthquake hazards.
120.175  Coastal barrier islands.
120.176  Compliance with other laws.

                   Enforceability Despite Rule Changes

120.180  Are rules enforceable if they are changed later?

                            Loan Applications

120.190  Where does an applicant apply for a loan?
120.191  The contents of a business loan application.
120.192  Approval or denial.
120.193  Reconsideration after denial.

                         Computerized SBA Forms

120.194  Use of computer forms.

                            Reporting of Fees

120.195  Disclosure of fees.

               Subpart B--Policies Specific to 7(a) Loans

                          Bonding Requirements

120.200  What bonding requirements exist during construction?

                     Limitations on Use of Proceeds

120.201  Refinancing unsecured or undersecured loans.
120.202  Restrictions on loans for changes in ownership.

         Maturities; Interest Rates; Loan and Guarantee Amounts

120.210  What percentage of a loan may SBA guarantee?
120.211  What limits are there on the amounts of direct loans?
120.212  What limits are there on loan maturities?
120.213  What fixed interest rates may a Lender charge?
120.214  What conditions apply for variable interest rates?
120.215  What interest rates apply to smaller loans?

                        Fees for Guaranteed Loans

120.220  Fees that Lender pays SBA.
120.221  Fees which the Lender may collect from a loan applicant.
120.222  Fees which the Lender or Associate may not collect from the 
          Borrower or share with third parties.

                    Subpart C--Special Purpose Loans

120.300  Statutory authority.

                 Disabled Assistance Loan Program (DAL)

120.310  What assistance is available for the disabled?
120.311  Definitions.
120.312  DAL-1 use of proceeds and other program conditions.
120.313  DAL-2 use of proceeds and other program conditions.
120.314  Resolving doubts about creditworthiness.
120.315  Interest rate and loan limit.

               Businesses Owned by Low Income Individuals

120.320  Policy.

[[Page 140]]

                           Energy Conservation

120.330  Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan?
120.331  What devices or techniques are eligible for a loan?
120.332  What are the eligible uses of proceeds?
120.333  Are there any special credit criteria?

                  Export Working Capital Program (EWCP)

120.340  What is the Export Working Capital Program?
120.341  Who is eligible?
120.342  What are eligible uses of proceeds?
120.343  Collateral.
120.344  Unique requirements of the EWCP.

                        International Trade Loans

120.345  Policy.
120.346  Eligibility.
120.347  Use of proceeds.
120.348  Amount of guarantee.

                    Qualified Employee Trusts (ESOP)

120.350  Policy.
120.351  Definitions.
120.352  Use of proceeds.
120.353  Eligibility.
120.354  Creditworthiness.

                          Veterans Loan Program

120.360  Which veterans are eligible?
120.361  Other conditions of eligibility.

                        Pollution Control Program

120.370  Policy.

                Loans to Participants in the 8(a) Program

120.375  Policy.
120.376  Special requirements.
120.377  Use of proceeds.

                 Defense Economic Transition Assistance

120.380  Program.
120.381  Eligibility.
120.382  Repayment ability.
120.383  Restrictions on loan processing.

                            CapLines Program

120.390  Revolving credit.

                          Builders Loan Program

120.391  What is the Builders Loan Program?
120.392  Who may apply?
120.393  Are there special application requirements?
120.394  What are the eligible uses of proceeds?
120.395  What is SBA's collateral position?
120.396  What is the term of the loan?
120.397  Are there any special restrictions?

                           Subpart D--Lenders

120.400  Loan Guarantee Agreements.

                         Participation Criteria

120.410  Requirements for all participating Lenders.
120.411  Preferences.
120.412  Other services Lenders may provide Borrowers.
120.413  Advertisement of relationship with SBA.

           Pledging Notes or Transferring Unguaranteed Portion

120.420  Financings by participating lenders.

                        Miscellaneous Provisions

120.430  SBA access to Lender files.
120.431  Suspension or revocation of eligibility to participate.

                     Certified Lenders Program (CLP)

120.440  What is the Certified Lenders Program?
120.441  How does a Lender become a CLP Lender?
120.442  Suspension or revocation of CLP status.

                     Preferred Lenders Program (PLP)

120.450  What is the Preferred Lenders Program?
120.451  How does a Lender become a PLP Lender?
120.452  What are the requirements of PLP loan processing?
120.453  What are the requirements of a PLP Lender in servicing and 
          liquidating SBA guaranteed loans?
120.454  PLP performance review.
120.455  Suspension or revocation of PLP status.

                 Small Business Lending Companies (SBLC)

120.470  What is an SBLC?
120.471  Records.
120.472  Reports to SBA.
120.473  Change of ownership or control.
120.474  Prohibited financing.
120.475  Audits.
120.476  Suspension or revocation.

                     Subpart E--Loan Administration

120.500  General.

                                Servicing

120.510  Servicing direct and immediate participation loans.
120.511  Servicing guaranteed loans.
120.512  Who services the loan after SBA honors its guarantee?
120.513  What servicing actions require the prior written consent of 
          SBA?

                 SBA'S Purchase of a Guaranteed Portion

120.520  When does SBA honor its guarantee?

[[Page 141]]

120.521  What interest rate applies after SBA purchases its guaranteed 
          portion?
120.522  How much accrued interest does SBA pay to the Lender or 
          Registered Holder when SBA purchases the guaranteed portion?
120.523  What is the ``earliest uncured payment default''?
120.524  When is SBA released from liability on its guarantee?

          Deferment, Extension of Maturity and Loan Moratorium

120.530  Deferment of payment.
120.531  Extension of maturity.
120.532  What is a loan Moratorium?

                        Liquidation of Collateral

120.540  What are SBA's policies concerning liquidation of collateral?

                    Homestead Protection for Farmers

120.550  What is homestead protection for farmers?
120.551  Who is eligible for homestead protection?
120.552  Lease.
120.553  Appeal.
120.554  Conflict of laws.

                       Subpart F--Secondary Market

                     Fiscal and Transfer Agent (FTA)

120.600  Definitions.
120.601  SBA Secondary Market.

                              Certificates

120.610  Form and terms of Certificates.
120.611  Pools backing Pool Certificates.
120.612  Loans eligible to back Certificates.
120.613  Secondary Participation Guarantee Agreement.

                   The SBA Guarantee of a Certificate

120.620  SBA guarantee of a Pool Certificate.
120.621  SBA guarantee of an Individual Certificate.

                             Pool Assemblers

120.630  Qualifications to be a Pool Assembler.
120.631  Suspension or termination of Pool Assembler.

                        Miscellaneous Provisions

120.640  Administration of the Pool and Individual Certificates.
120.641  Disclosure to purchasers.
120.642  Requirements before the FTA issues Pool Certificates.
120.643  Requirements before the FTA issues Individual Certificates.
120.644  Transfers of Certificates.
120.645  Redemption of Certificates.
120.650  Registration duties of FTA in Secondary Market.
120.651  Claim to FTA by Registered Holder to replace Certificate.
120.652  FTA fees.

       Suspension or Revocation of Participant in Secondary Market

120.660  Suspension or revocation.

               Subpart G--Microloan Demonstration Program

120.700  What is the Microloan Program?
120.701  Definitions.
120.702  Are there limitations on who can be an Intermediary or on where 
          an Intermediary may operate?
120.703  How does an organization apply to become an Intermediary?
120.704  How are applications evaluated?
120.705  What is a Specialized Intermediary?
120.706  What are the terms and conditions of an Intermediary SBA loan?
120.707  What conditions apply to loans by Intermediaries to Microloan 
          borrowers?
120.708  What is the Intermediary's financial contribution?
120.709  What is the Microloan Revolving Fund?
120.710  What is the Loan Loss Reserve Fund?
120.711  What rules govern Intermediaries?
120.712  How does an Intermediary get a grant to assist Microloan 
          borrowers?
120.713  Does SBA provide technical assistance to Intermediaries?
120.714  How does a non-Intermediary get a grant?
120.715  Does SBA guarantee any loans an Intermediary obtains from 
          another source?

            Subpart H--Development Company Loan Program (504)

120.800  What is the purpose of the 504 program?
120.801  How is a 504 Project financed?
120.802  Definitions.

                Certification Procedures to Become a CDC

120.810  Applications for certification as a CDC.
120.811  Public notice of CDC certification application.
120.812  Probationary period for newly certified CDCs.

            Requirements for CDC Certification and Operation

120.820  CDC non-profit status.
108.821  CDC Area of Operations.
120.822  CDC membership.
120.823  CDC Board of Directors.
120.824  Professional management and staff.

[[Page 142]]

120.825  Financial ability to operate.
120.826  Basic requirements for operating a CDC.
120.827  Services a CDC provides to small businesses.
120.828  Minimum level of CDC lending activity.
120.829  Job Opportunity average a CDC must maintain.
120.830  Reports a CDC must submit.

                  Extending a CDC's Area of Operations

120.835  Application to extend an Area of Operations.
120.836  Public notice and opportunity for response.
120.837  SBA decision on application for extension.
120.838  Expiration of existing, temporary expansions.
120.839  Case-by-case extensions.

                    Accredited Lenders Program (ALP)

120.840  Accredited Lenders Program.

                    Premier Certified Lenders Program

120.845  Premier Certified Lenders Program (PCLP).

                 Associate Development Companies (ADCs)

120.850  ADC functions.
120.851  ADC eligibility and operating requirements.
120.852  Suspension and revocation of ADCs.

                          Ethical Requirements

120.855  CDC and ADC ethical requirements.

                   Project Economic Development Goals

120.860  Required objectives.
120.861  Job creation or retention.
120.862  Other economic development objectives.

                 Leasing Policies Specific to 504 Loans

120.870  Leasing Project Property.
120.871  Leasing part of an existing building to another business.

               Loan-Making Policies Specific to 504 Loans

120.880  Basic eligibility requirements.
120.881  Ineligible Projects for 504 loans.
120.882  Eligible Project costs for 504 loans.
120.883  Eligible administrative costs for 504 loans.
120.884  Ineligible costs for 504 loans.

                            Interim Financing

120.890  Source of interim financing.
120.891  Certifications of disbursement and completion.
120.892  Certifications of no adverse change.

                           Permanent Financing

120.900  What are the sources of permanent financing?

                       The Borrower's Contribution

120.910  How much must the Borrower contribute?
120.911  Land contributions.
120.912  Borrowed contributions.
120.913  May an SBIC provide the contribution?

                            Third Party Loans

120.920  The first lien position.
120.921  Terms of Third Party loans.
120.922  Pre-existing debt on the Project Property.
120.923  What are the policies on subordination?
120.924  Prepayment of subordinate financing.
120.925  Preferences.
120.926  Referral fee.

                        504 Loans and Debentures

120.930  Amount.
120.931  504 lending limits.
120.932  Interest rate.
120.933  Maturity.
120.934  Collateral.
120.935  Deposit.
120.936  Subordination to CDC.
120.937  Assumption.
120.938  Default.
120.939  Borrower prohibition.
120.940  Prepayment of the 504 loan or Debenture.
120.941  Certificates.

                   Debenture Sales and Service Agents

120.950  SBA and CDC must appoint agents.
120.951  Selling agent.
120.952  Fiscal agent.
120.953  Trustee.
120.954  Central Servicing Agent.
120.955  Agent bonds and records.
120.956  Suspension or revocation of brokers and dealers.

                                Closings

120.960  Responsibility for closing.
120.961  Construction escrow accounts.

                           Servicing and Fees

120.970  Servicing of 504 loans and Debentures.
120.971  Allowable fees paid by Borrower.
120.972  Oversight and evaluation of CDCs and ADCs.

                 CDR Transfer, Suspension and Revocation

120.980  Transfer of CDC to ADC status.
120.981  Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification.

[[Page 143]]

120.982  Correcting CDC servicing deficiencies.
120.983  Transfer of CDC servicing to SBA or another CDC.
120.984  Suspension or revocation of CDC certification.

         Enforceability of 501, 502 and 503 Loans and Other Laws

120.990  501, 502 and 503 loans.
120.991  Effect of other laws.

    Authority: 15 U.S.C 634(b)(6) and 636(a) and (h).

    Source: 61 FR 3235, Jan. 31, 1996, unless otherwise noted.

          General Descriptions of SBA's Business Loan Programs



Sec. 120.1  Which loan programs does this part cover?

    This part regulates SBA's financial assistance to small businesses 
under its general business loan programs (``7(a) loans'') authorized by 
section 7(a) of the Small Business Act (``the Act''), 15 U.S.C. 636(a), 
its microloan demonstration loan program (``Microloans'') authorized by 
section 7(m) of the Act, 15 U.S.C. 636(m), and its development company 
program (``504 loans'') authorized by Title V of the Small Business 
Investment Act, 15 U.S.C. 695 to 697f (``Title V''). These three 
programs constitute the business loan programs of the SBA.



Sec. 120.2  Descriptions of the business loan programs.

    (a) 7(a) loans. (1) 7(a) loans provide financing for general 
business purposes and may be:
    (i) A direct loan by SBA;
    (ii) An immediate participation loan by a Lender and SBA; or
    (iii) A guaranteed loan (deferred participation) by which SBA 
guarantees a portion of a loan made by a Lender.
    (2) A guaranteed loan is initiated by a Lender agreeing to make an 
SBA guaranteed loan to a small business and applying to SBA for SBA's 
guarantee under a blanket guarantee agreement (participation agreement) 
between SBA and the Lender. If SBA agrees to guarantee (authorizes) a 
portion of the loan, the Lender funds and services the loan. If the 
small business defaults on the loan, SBA's guarantee requires SBA to 
purchase its portion of the outstanding balance, upon demand by the 
Lender and subject to specific conditions. Regulations specific to 7(a) 
loans are found in subpart B of this part.
    (b) Microloans. SBA makes loans and loan guarantees to non-profit 
Intermediaries that make short-term loans up to $25,000 to eligible 
small businesses for general business purposes, except payment of 
personal debts. SBA also makes grants to Intermediaries for use in 
providing management assistance and counseling to small businesses. 
Regulations specific to these loans are found in subpart G of this part.
    (c) 504 loans. Projects involving 504 loans require long-term fixed-
asset financing for small businesses. A Certified Development Company 
(CDC) provides the final portion of this financing with a 504 loan made 
from the proceeds of a Debenture issued by the CDC, guaranteed 100 
percent by SBA (with the full faith and credit of the United States), 
and sold to investors. The regulations specific to these loans are found 
in subpart H of this part.



Sec. 120.3  Pilot programs.

    The Administrator of SBA may from time to time suspend, modify, or 
waive rules for a limited period of time to test new programs or ideas. 
The Administrator shall publish a document in the Federal Register 
explaining the reasons for these actions.

                               Definitions



Sec. 120.10  Definitions.

    The following terms have the same meaning wherever they are used in 
this part. Defined terms are capitalized wherever they appear.
    Associate. (1) An Associate of a Lender or CDC is:
    (i) An officer, director, key employee, or holder of 20 percent or 
more of the value of the Lender's or CDC's stock or debt instruments, or 
an agent involved in the loan process;
    (ii) Any entity in which one or more individuals referred to in 
paragraphs (1)(i) of this definition or a Close Relative of any such 
individual owns or controls at least 20 percent.

[[Page 144]]

    (2) An Associate of a small business is:
    (i) An officer, director, owner of more than 20 percent of the 
equity, or key employee of the small business;
    (ii) Any entity in which one or more individuals referred to in 
paragraphs (2)(i) of this definition owns or controls at least 20 
percent; and
    (iii) Any individual or entity in control of or controlled by the 
small business (except a Small Business Investment Company (``SBIC'') 
licensed by SBA).
    (3) For purposes of this definition, the time during which an 
Associate relationship exists commences six months before the following 
dates and continues as long as the certification, participation 
agreement, or loan is outstanding:
    (i) For a CDC, the date of certification by SBA;
    (ii) For a Lender, the date of application for a loan guarantee on 
behalf of an applicant; or
    (iii) For a small business, the date of the loan application to SBA, 
the CDC, the Intermediary, or the Lender.
    Authorization is SBA's written agreement providing the terms and 
conditions under which SBA will make or guarantee business loans. It is 
not a contract to make a loan.
    Borrower is the obligor of an SBA business loan.
    Certified Development Company (``CDC'') is an entity authorized by 
SBA to deliver 504 financing to small businesses.
    Close Relative is a spouse; a parent; or a child or sibling, or the 
spouse of any such person.
    Eligible Passive Company is a small entity or trust which does not 
engage in regular and continuous business activity, which leases real or 
personal property to an Operating Company for use in the Operating 
Company's business, and which complies with the conditions set forth in 
Sec. 120.111.
    Intermediary is the entity in the Microloan program that receives 
SBA financial assistance and makes loans to small businesses in amounts 
up to $25,000.
    Lender is an institution that has executed a participation agreement 
with SBA under the guaranteed loan program.
    Loan Instruments are the Authorization, note, instruments of 
hypothecation, and all other agreements and documents related to a loan.
    Operating Company is an eligible small business actively involved in 
conducting business operations now or about to be located on real 
property owned by an Eligible Passive Company, or using or about to use 
in its business operations personal property owned by an Eligible 
Passive Company.
    Preference is any arrangement giving a Lender or a CDC a preferred 
position compared to SBA relating to the making, servicing, or 
liquidation of a business loan with respect to such things as repayment, 
collateral, guarantees, control, maintenance of a compensating balance, 
purchase of a Certificate of deposit or acceptance of a separate or 
companion loan, without SBA's consent.
    Rural Area is a political subdivision or unincorporated area in a 
non-metropolitan county (as defined by the Department of Agriculture), 
or, if in a metropolitan county, any such subdivision or area with a 
resident population under 20,000 which is designated by SBA as rural.
    Service Provider is an entity that contracts with a Lender or CDC to 
perform management, marketing, legal or other services.



           Subpart A--Policies Applying to All Business Loans

                        Eligibility Requirements



Sec. 120.100  What are the basic eligibility requirements for all applicants for SBA business loans?

    To be eligible for an SBA business loan, a small business applicant 
must:
    (a) Be an operating business (except for loans to Eligible Passive 
Companies);
    (b) Be organized for profit;
    (c) Be located in the United States;
    (d) Be small under the size requirements of part 121 of this chapter 
(including affiliates). See subpart H of this part for the size 
standards of part 121 of this chapter which apply only to 504 loans; and

[[Page 145]]

    (e) Be able to demonstrate a need for the desired credit.



Sec. 120.101  Credit not available elsewhere.

    SBA provides business loan assistance only to applicants for whom 
the desired credit is not otherwise available on reasonable terms from 
non-Federal sources. SBA requires the Lender or CDC to certify or 
otherwise show that the desired credit is unavailable to the applicant 
on reasonable terms and conditions from non-Federal sources without SBA 
assistance, taking into consideration the prevailing rates and terms in 
the community in or near where the applicant conducts business, for 
similar purposes and periods of time. Submission of an application to 
SBA by a Lender or CDC constitutes certification by the Lender or CDC 
that it has examined the availability of credit to the applicant, has 
based its certification upon that examination, and has substantiation in 
its file to support the certification.



Sec. 120.102  Funds not available from alternative sources, including personal resources of principals.

    (a) An applicant for a business loan must show that the desired 
funds are not available from the personal resources of any owner of 20 
percent or more of the equity of the applicant. SBA will require the use 
of personal resources from any such owner as an injection to reduce the 
SBA funded portion of the total financing package (i.e., any SBA loans 
and any other financing, including loans from any other source) when 
that owner's liquid assets exceed the amounts specified in paragraphs 
(a) (1) through (3) of this section. When the total financing package:
    (1) Is $250,000 or less, each 20 percent owner of the applicant must 
inject any personal liquid assets which are in excess of two times the 
total financing package or $100,000, whichever is greater;
    (2) Is between $250,001 and $500,000, each 20 percent owner of the 
applicant must inject any personal liquid assets which are in excess of 
one and one-half times the total financing package or $500,000, 
whichever is greater;
    (3) Exceeds $500,000, each 20 percent owner of the applicant must 
inject any personal liquid assets which are in excess of one times the 
total financing package or $750,000, whichever is greater.
    (b) Any liquid assets in excess of the applicable amount set forth 
in paragraph (a) of this section must be used to reduce the SBA portion 
of the total financing package. These funds must be injected prior to 
the disbursement of the proceeds of any SBA financing.
    (c) For purposes of this section, liquid assets means cash or cash 
equivalent, including savings accounts, CDs, stocks, bonds, or other 
similar assets. Equity in real estate holdings and other fixed assets 
are not to be considered liquid assets.



Sec. 120.103  Are farm enterprises eligible?

    Federal financial assistance to agricultural enterprises is 
generally made by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 
but may be made by SBA under the terms of a Memorandum of Understanding 
between SBA and USDA. Farm-related businesses which are not agricultural 
enterprises are eligible businesses under SBA's business loan programs.



Sec. 120.104  Are businesses financed by SBICs eligible?

    SBA may make or guarantee loans to a business financed by an SBIC if 
SBA's collateral position will be superior to that of the SBIC. SBA may 
also make or guarantee a loan to an otherwise eligible small business 
which temporarily is owned or controlled by an SBIC under the 
regulations in part 107 of this chapter. SBA neither guarantees SBIC 
loans nor makes loans jointly with SBICs.



Sec. 120.105  Special consideration for veterans.

    SBA will give special consideration to a small business owned by a 
veteran or, if the veteran chooses not to apply, to a business owned or 
controlled by one of the veteran's dependents. If the veteran is 
deceased or permanently disabled, SBA will give special consideration to 
one survivor or dependent. SBA will process the application of a

[[Page 146]]

business owned or controlled by a veteran or dependent promptly, resolve 
close questions in the applicant's favor, and pay particular attention 
to maximum loan maturity. For SBA loans, a veteran is a person honorably 
discharged from active military service.

          Ineligible Businesses and Eligible Passive Companies



Sec. 120.110  What businesses are ineligible for SBA business loans?

    The following types of businesses are ineligible:
    (a) Non-profit businesses (for-profit subsidiaries are eligible);
    (b) Financial businesses primarily engaged in the business of 
lending, such as banks, finance companies, and factors (pawn shops, 
although engaged in lending, may qualify in some circumstances);
    (c) Passive businesses owned by developers and landlords that do not 
actively use or occupy the assets acquired or improved with the loan 
proceeds (except Eligible Passive Companies under Sec. 120.111);
    (d) Life insurance companies;
    (e) Businesses located in a foreign country (businesses in the U.S. 
owned by aliens may qualify);
    (f) Pyramid sale distribution plans;
    (g) Businesses deriving more than one-third of gross annual revenue 
from legal gambling activities;
    (h) Businesses engaged in any illegal activity;
    (i) Private clubs and businesses which limit the number of 
memberships for reasons other than capacity;
    (j) Government-owned entities (except for businesses owned or 
controlled by a Native American tribe);
    (k) Businesses principally engaged in teaching, instructing, 
counseling or indoctrinating religion or religious beliefs, whether in a 
religious or secular setting;
    (l) Consumer and marketing cooperatives (producer cooperatives are 
eligible);
    (m) Loan packagers earning more than one third of their gross annual 
revenue from packaging SBA loans;
    (n) Businesses with an Associate who is incarcerated, on probation, 
on parole, or has been indicted for a felony or a crime of moral 
turpitude;
    (o) Businesses in which the Lender or CDC, or any of its Associates 
owns an equity interest;
    (p) Businesses which:
    (1) Present live performances of a prurient sexual nature; or
    (2) Derive directly or indirectly more than de minimis gross revenue 
through the sale of products or services, or the presentation of any 
depictions or displays, of a prurient sexual nature;
    (q) Unless waived by SBA for good cause, businesses that have 
previously defaulted on a Federal loan or Federally assisted financing, 
resulting in the Federal government or any of its agencies or 
Departments sustaining a loss in any of its programs, and businesses 
owned or controlled by an applicant or any of its Associates which 
previously owned, operated, or controlled a business which defaulted on 
a Federal loan (or guaranteed a loan which was defaulted) and caused the 
Federal government or any of its agencies or Departments to sustain a 
loss in any of its programs. For purposes of this section, a compromise 
agreement shall also be considered a loss;
    (r) Businesses primarily engaged in political or lobbying 
activities; and
    (s) Speculative businesses (such as oil wildcatting).



Sec. 120.111  What conditions must an Eligible Passive Company satisfy?

    An Eligible Passive Company must use loan proceeds to acquire or 
lease, and/or improve or renovate real or personal property (including 
eligible refinancing) that it leases to an Operating Company for the 
conduct of the Operating Company's business. Any ownership structure or 
legal form may qualify as an Eligible Passive Company.
    (a) Conditions that apply to all legal forms:
    (1) The Operating Company must be an eligible small business, and 
the proposed use of the proceeds must be an eligible use if the 
Operating Company were obtaining the financing directly;
    (2) The Eligible Passive Company (with the exception of a trust) and 
the Operating Company each must be small under the appropriate size 
standards in part 121 of this chapter;
    (3) The lease between the Eligible Passive Company and the Operating

[[Page 147]]

Company must be in writing and must be subordinated to SBA's mortgage, 
trust deed lien, or security interest on the property. Also, the 
Eligible Passive Company (as landlord) must furnish as collateral for 
the loan an assignment of all rents paid under the lease;
    (4) The lease between the Eligible Passive Company and the Operating 
Company, including options to renew exercisable solely by the Operating 
Company, must have a remaining term at least equal to the term of the 
loan;
    (5) The Operating Company must be a guarantor or a co-borrower (with 
the Eligible Passive Company) of the loan (in a 7(a) loan including 
working capital, the Operating Company must be a co-borrower); and
    (6) Each holder of an ownership interest constituting at least 20 
percent of the Eligible Passive Company and the Operating Company must 
guarantee the loan (the trustee shall execute the guarantee on behalf of 
any trust).
    (b) Additional conditions that apply to trusts. The eligibility 
status of the trustor will determine trust eligibility. All donors to 
the trust will be deemed to have trustor status for eligibility 
purposes. A trust qualifying as an Eligible Passive Company may engage 
in other activities as authorized by its trust agreement. The trustee 
must warrant and certify that the trust will not be revoked or 
substantially amended for the term of the loan without the consent of 
SBA. The trustor must guarantee the loan. For purposes of this section, 
the trustee shall certify to SBA that:
    (1) The trustee has authority to act;
    (2) The trust has the authority to borrow funds, pledge trust 
assets, and lease the property to the Operating Company;
    (3) The trustee has provided accurate, pertinent language from the 
trust agreement confirming the above; and
    (4) The trustee has provided and will continue to provide SBA with a 
true and complete list of all trustors and donors.

[61 FR 3235, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 7986, Mar. 1, 1996]

                            Uses of Proceeds



Sec. 120.120  What are eligible uses of proceeds?

    A small business must use an SBA business loan for sound business 
purposes. The uses of proceeds are prescribed in each loan's 
Authorization.
    (a) A Borrower may use loan proceeds from any SBA loan to:
    (1) Acquire land (by purchase or lease);
    (2) Improve a site (e.g., grading, streets, parking lots, 
landscaping), including up to 5 percent for community improvements such 
as curbs and sidewalks;
    (3) Purchase one or more existing buildings;
    (4) Convert, expand or renovate one or more existing buildings;
    (5) Construct one or more new buildings; and/or
    (6) Acquire (by purchase or lease) and install fixed assets (for a 
504 loan, these assets must have a useful life of at least 10 years and 
be at a fixed location, although short-term financing for equipment, 
furniture, and furnishings may be permitted where essential to and a 
minor portion of the 504 Project).
    (b) A Borrower may also use 7(a) and microloan proceeds for:
    (1) Inventory;
    (2) Supplies;
    (3) Raw materials; and
    (4) Working capital (if the Operating Company is a co-Borrower with 
an Eligible Passive Company, part of the loan proceeds may be applied 
for working capital if used for that purpose only by the Operating 
Company).
    (c) A Borrower may use 7(a) loan proceeds for refinancing certain 
outstanding debts.



Sec. 120.130  Restrictions on uses of proceeds.

    SBA will not authorize nor may a Borrower use loan proceeds for the 
following purposes (including the replacement of funds used for any such 
purpose):
    (a) Payments, distributions or loans to Associates of the applicant 
(except for ordinary compensation for services rendered);

[[Page 148]]

    (b) Refinancing a debt owed to a Small Business Investment Company 
(``SBIC'');
    (c) Floor plan financing or other revolving line credit, except 
under Sec. 120.390;
    (d) Investments in real or personal property acquired and held 
primarily for sale, lease, or investment (except for a loan to an 
Eligible Passive Company or to a small contractor under Sec. 120.310);
    (e) A purpose which does not benefit the small business; or
    (f) Any use restricted by Secs. 120.201 through 120.203 and 120.884 
(specific to 7(a) loans and 504 loans respectively).



Sec. 120.131  Leasing part of new construction or existing building to another business.

    (a) If the SBA business loan involves the construction of a new 
building, a Borrower may lease up to 33% of the square footage of 
rentable property (total square footage of all buildings or facilities 
used for business operations) for a short term to any third party if 
reasonable growth projections show that the Borrower will need 
additional space within three years and will use all of the additional 
space within ten years. If the Borrower is an Eligible Passive Company 
leasing 100 percent of the Project space to an Operating Company, the 
Operating Company may sublease up to 33 percent to a third party under 
the same conditions.
    (b) If the SBA business loan involves the acquisition, renovation, 
or reconstruction of an existing building, the Borrower (or Operating 
Company, if the Borrower is an Eligible Passive Company) must occupy at 
least 51 percent of the Rentable Property. The balance of the Rentable 
Property may be leased out to any third party, if the loan proceeds were 
not used to remodel or convert the space to be leased out. (For 504 
loans, see also Sec. 120.871.)

                          Ethical Requirements



Sec. 120.140  What ethical requirements apply to participants?

    Lenders, Intermediaries, CDCs, and Associate Development Companies 
(``ADCs'') (in this section, collectively referred to as 
``Participants''), must act ethically and exhibit good character. 
Ethical indiscretion of an Associate of a Participant or a member of a 
CDC will be attributed to the Participant. A Participant must promptly 
notify SBA if it obtains information concerning the unethical behavior 
of an Associate. The following are examples of such unethical behavior. 
A Participant may not:
    (a) Self-deal;
    (b) Have a real or apparent conflict of interest with a small 
business with which it is dealing (including any of its Associates or an 
Associate's Close Relatives) or SBA;
    (c) Own an equity interest in a business that has received or is 
applying to receive SBA financing (during the term of the loan or within 
6 months prior to the loan application);
    (d) Be incarcerated, on parole, or on probation;
    (e) Knowingly misrepresent or make a false statement to SBA;
    (f) Engage in conduct reflecting a lack of business integrity or 
honesty;
    (g) Be a convicted felon, or have an adverse final civil judgment 
(in a case involving fraud, breach of trust, or other conduct) that 
would cause the public to question the Participant's business integrity, 
taking into consideration such factors as the magnitude, repetition, 
harm caused, and remoteness in time of the activity or activities in 
question;
    (h) Accept funding from any source that restricts, prioritizes, or 
conditions the types of small businesses that the Participant may assist 
under an SBA program or that imposes any conditions or requirements upon 
recipients of SBA assistance inconsistent with SBA's loan programs or 
regulations;
    (i) Fail to disclose to SBA all relationships between the small 
business and its Associates (including Close Relatives of Associates), 
the Participant, and/or the lenders financing the Project of which it is 
aware or should be aware;
    (j) Fail to disclose to SBA whether the loan will:
    (1) Reduce the exposure of a Participant or an Associate of a 
Participant in a position to sustain a loss;
    (2) Directly or indirectly finance the purchase of real estate, 
personal property or services (including insurance)

[[Page 149]]

from the Participant or an Associate of the Participant;
    (3) Repay or refinance a debt due a Participant or an Associate of a 
Participant; or
    (4) Require the small business, or an Associate (including Close 
Relatives of Associates), to invest in the Participant (except for 
institutions which require an investment from all members as a condition 
of membership, such as a Production Credit Association);
    (k) Issue a real estate forward commitment to a builder or 
developer; or
    (l) Engage in any activity which taints its objective judgment in 
evaluating the loan.

                      Credit Criteria for SBA Loans



Sec. 120.150  What are SBA's lending criteria?

    The applicant (including an Operating Company) must be creditworthy. 
Loans must be so sound as to reasonably assure repayment. SBA will 
consider:
    (a) Character, reputation, and credit history of the applicant (and 
the Operating Company, if applicable), its Associates, and guarantors;
    (b) Experience and depth of management;
    (c) Strength of the business;
    (d) Past earnings, projected cash flow, and future prospects;
    (e) Ability to repay the loan with earnings from the business;
    (f) Sufficient invested equity to operate on a sound financial 
basis;
    (g) Potential for long-term success;
    (h) Nature and value of collateral (although inadequate collateral 
will not be the sole reason for denial of a loan request); and
    (i) The effect any affiliates (as defined in part 121 of this 
chapter) may have on the ultimate repayment ability of the applicant.



Sec. 120.151  What is the statutory limit for total loans to a Borrower?

    The aggregate amount of the SBA portions of all loans to a single 
Borrower, including the Borrower's affiliates as defined in part 121 of 
this chapter, may not exceed a guarantee amount of $750,000, except as 
otherwise authorized by statute for a specific loan program. The amount 
of any loan received by an Eligible Passive Company applies to the loan 
limit of both the Eligible Passive Company and the Operating Company.



Sec. 120.160  Loan conditions.

    The following requirements are normally required by SBA for all 
business loans:
    (a) Personal guarantees. Holders of at least a 20 percent ownership 
interest generally must guarantee the loan. SBA, in its discretion, 
consulting with the Participating Lender, may require other appropriate 
individuals to guarantee the loan as well, except SBA will not require 
personal guarantees from those owning less than 5% ownership.
    (b) Appraisals. SBA may require professional appraisals of the 
applicant's and principals' assets, a survey, or a feasibility study.
    (c) Hazard Insurance. SBA requires hazard insurance on all 
collateral.
    (d) Taxes. The applicant may not use any of the proceeds to pay 
past-due Federal and state payroll taxes.

            Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders



Sec. 120.170  Flood insurance.

    Under the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (Sec. 205(b) of Pub. 
L. 93-234; 87 Stat. 983 (42 U.S.C. 4000 et seq.)), a loan recipient must 
obtain flood insurance if any building (including mobile homes), 
machinery, or equipment acquired, installed, improved, constructed, or 
renovated with the proceeds of SBA financial assistance is located in a 
special flood hazard area. The requirement applies also to any inventory 
(business loan program), fixtures or furnishings contained or to be 
contained in the building. Mobile homes on a foundation are buildings. 
SBA, Lenders, CDCs, and Intermediaries must notify Borrowers that flood 
insurance must be maintained.



Sec. 120.171  Compliance with child support obligations.

    Any holder of 50% or more of the ownership interest in the recipient 
of an SBA loan must certify that he or she is not more than 60 days 
delinquent on any obligation to pay child support arising under:

[[Page 150]]

    (a) An administrative order;
    (b) A court order;
    (c) A repayment agreement between the holder and a custodial parent; 
or
    (d) A repayment agreement between the holder and a State agency 
providing child support enforcement services.



Sec. 120.172  Flood-plain and wetlands management.

    (a) All loans must conform to requirements of Executive Orders 
11988, ``Flood Plain Management'' (3 CFR, 1977 Comp., p. 117) and 11990, 
``Protection of Wetlands'' (3 CFR, 1977 Comp., p. 121). Lenders, 
Intermediaries, CDCs, and SBA must comply with requirements applicable 
to them. Applicants must show:
    (1) Whether the location for which financial assistance is proposed 
is in a floodplain or wetland;
    (2) If it is in a floodplain, that the assistance is in compliance 
with local land use plans; and
    (3) That any necessary construction or use permits will be issued.
    (b) Generally, there is an 8-step decision making process with 
respect to:
    (1) Construction or acquisition of anything, other than a building;
    (2) Repair and restoration equal to more than 50% of the market 
value of a building; or
    (3) Replacement of destroyed structures.
    (c) SBA may determine for the following types of actions, on a case-
by-case basis, that the full 8-step process is not warranted and that 
only the first step (determining if a proposed action is in the base 
floodplain) need be completed:
    (1) Actions located outside the base floodplain;
    (2) Repairs, other than to buildings, that are less than 50% of the 
market value;
    (3) Replacement of building contents, materials, and equipment;
    (4) Hazard mitigation measures;
    (5) Working capital loans; or
    (6) SBA loan assistance of $1,500,000 or less.



Sec. 120.173  Lead-based paint.

    If loan proceeds are for the construction or rehabilitation of a 
residential structure, lead-based paint may not be used on any interior 
surface, or on any exterior surface that is readily accessible to 
children under the age of seven years.



Sec. 120.174  Earthquake hazards.

    When loan proceeds are used to construct a new building or an 
addition to an existing building, the construction must conform with the 
``National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (``NEHRP'') Recommended 
Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for New 
Buildings'' (which can be obtained from the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency, Publications Office, Washington, DC) or a code identified by SBA 
as being substantially equivalent.



Sec. 120.175  Coastal barrier islands.

    SBA and Intermediaries may not make or guarantee any loan within the 
Coastal Barrier Resource System.



Sec. 120.176  Compliance with other laws.

    All SBA loans are subject to all applicable laws, including (without 
limitation) the civil rights laws (see parts 112, 113, 117 and 136 of 
this chapter), prohibiting discrimination on the grounds of race, color, 
national origin, religion, sex, marital status, disability or age. SBA 
requests agreements or evidence to support or document compliance with 
these laws, including reports required by applicable statutes or the 
regulations in this chapter.

                   Enforceability Despite Rule Changes



Sec. 120.180  Are rules enforceable if they are changed later?

    Regulations and contractual provisions in effect at the time of a 
transaction govern an SBA loan financing transaction, notwithstanding 
subsequent rule or contract changes. SBA may conduct an enforcement 
action regarding any violation of provisions of regulations or contracts 
applicable at the time, but no longer in effect or in use.

[[Page 151]]

                            Loan Applications



Sec. 120.190  Where does an applicant apply for a loan?

    An applicant for a business loan should apply to:
    (a) A Lender for a guaranteed or immediate participation loan;
    (b) A CDC for a 504 loan;
    (c) An Intermediary for a Microloan; or
    (d) SBA for a direct loan.



Sec. 120.191  The contents of a business loan application.

    For most business loans, SBA requires that an application for a 
business loan contain, among other things, a description of the history 
and nature of the business, the amount and purpose of the loan, the 
collateral offered for the loan, current financial statements, 
historical financial statements (or tax returns if appropriate) for the 
past three years, IRS tax verification, and a business plan, when 
applicable. Personal histories and financial statements will be required 
from principals of the applicant (and the Operating Company, if 
applicable).



Sec. 120.192  Approval or denial.

    Applicants receive notice of approval or denial by the Lender, CDC, 
Intermediary, or SBA, as appropriate. Notice of denial will include the 
reasons. If a loan is approved, an Authorization will be issued.



Sec. 120.193  Reconsideration after denial.

    An applicant or recipient of a business loan may request 
reconsideration of a denied loan or loan modification request within 6 
months of denial. Applicants denied due to a size determination can 
appeal that determination under part 121 of this chapter. All others 
must be submitted to the office that denied the original request. To 
prevail, the applicant must demonstrate that it has overcome all 
legitimate reasons for denial. Six months after denial, a new 
application is required. If the reconsideration is denied, a second and 
final reconsideration may be considered by the Associate Administrator 
for Financial Assistance (AA/FA), whose decision is final.

                         Computerized SBA Forms



Sec. 120.194  Use of computer forms.

    Any Applicant or Participant may use computer generated SBA 
application forms, closing forms, and other forms designated by SBA if 
the forms are exact reproductions of SBA forms.

                            Reporting of Fees



Sec. 120.195  Disclosure of fees.

    An Applicant for a business loan must identify to SBA the name of 
each Agent as defined in part 103 of this chapter that helped the 
applicant obtain the loan, describing the services performed, and 
disclosing the amount of each fee paid or to be paid by the applicant to 
the Agent in conjunction with the performance of those services.



               Subpart B--Policies Specific to 7(a) Loans

                          Bonding Requirements



Sec. 120.200  What bonding requirements exist during construction?

    On 7(a) loans which finance construction, the Borrower must supply a 
100 percent payment and performance bond and builder's risk insurance, 
unless waived by SBA.

                     Limitations on Use of Proceeds



Sec. 120.201  Refinancing unsecured or undersecured loans.

    A Borrower may not use 7(a) loan proceeds to pay any creditor in a 
position to sustain a loss causing a shift to SBA of all or part of a 
potential loss from an existing debt.



Sec. 120.202  Restrictions on loans for changes in ownership.

    A Borrower may not use 7(a) loan proceeds to purchase a portion of a 
business or a portion of another owner's interest. One or more current 
owners may use loan proceeds to purchase the entire interest of another 
current owner, or a Borrower can purchase ownership of an entire 
business.

[[Page 152]]

         Maturities; Interest Rates; Loan and Guarantee Amounts



Sec. 120.210  What percentage of a loan may SBA guarantee?

    SBA's guarantee percentage must not exceed the applicable percentage 
established in section 7(a) of the Act. The maximum allowable guarantee 
percentage on a loan will be determined by the loan amount. As of 
October 12, 1995, the percentages are: Loans of $100,000 or less may 
receive a maximum guarantee of 80 percent. All other loans may receive a 
maximum guarantee of 75 percent, not to exceed $750,000, unless 
otherwise authorized by SBA.



Sec. 120.211  What limits are there on the amounts of direct loans?

    (a) The statutory limit for direct loans made under the authority of 
section 7(a)(1)-(19) of the Small Business Act is $350,000. SBA has 
established an administrative limit of $150,000 for direct loans. The 
AA/FA may authorize acceptance of an application up to the statutory 
limit.
    (b) The statutory limit for direct loans made under the authority of 
section 7(a)(20) is $750,000. SBA has established an administrative 
limit of $150,000. The Associate Administrator for Minority Enterprise 
Development may authorize the acceptance of an application that exceeds 
the administrative limit.
    (c) The statutory limit on SBA's portion of an immediate 
participation loan is $350,000. The administrative limit is the lesser 
of 75 percent of the loan or $150,000. The AA/FA may authorize 
exceptions to the administrative limit up to $350,000.



Sec. 120.212  What limits are there on loan maturities?

    The term of a loan shall be:
    (a) The shortest appropriate term, depending upon the Borrower's 
ability to repay;
    (b) Ten years or less, unless it finances or refinances real estate 
or equipment with a useful life exceeding ten years; and
    (c) A maximum of 25 years, including extensions. (A portion of a 
loan used to acquire or improve real property may have a term of 25 
years plus an additional period needed to complete the construction or 
improvements.)



Sec. 120.213  What fixed interest rates may a Lender charge?

    (a) Fixed Rates for Guaranteed Loans. A loan may have a reasonable 
fixed interest rate. SBA periodically publishes the maximum allowable 
rate in the Federal Register.
    (b) Direct loans. A statutory formula based on the cost of money to 
the Federal government determines the interest rate on direct loans. SBA 
publishes the rate periodically in the Federal Register.



Sec. 120.214  What conditions apply for variable interest rates?

    A Lender may use a variable rate of interest, upon SBA's approval. 
SBA's maximum allowable rates apply only to the initial rate on the date 
SBA received the loan application. SBA shall approve the use of a 
variable interest rate under the following conditions:
    (a) Frequency. The first change may occur on the first calendar day 
of the month following initial disbursement, using the base rate (see 
paragraph (c) of this section) in effect on the first business day of 
the month. After that, changes may occur no more often than monthly.
    (b) Range of fluctuation. The amount of fluctuation shall be equal 
to the movement in the base rate. The difference between the initial 
rate and the ceiling rate may be no greater than the difference between 
the initial rate and the floor rate.
    (c) Base rate. The base rate shall be the prime rate in effect on 
the first business day of the month, printed in a national financial 
newspaper published each business day, or the SBA Optional Peg Rate 
which SBA publishes quarterly in the Federal Register.
    (d) Maturities under 7 years. For loans with maturities under seven 
years, the maximum interest rate shall not exceed two and one-quarter (2 
1/4 ) percentage points over the base rate.
    (e) Maturities of 7 years or more. For loans with maturities of 
seven or more years, the maximum interest rate shall not exceed two and 
three-quarters (2 3/4 ) percentage points over the base rate.

[[Page 153]]

    (f) Amortization. Initial amortization of principal and interest may 
be recomputed and reassessed as interest rates fluctuate, as directed by 
SBA. With prior approval of SBA, the Lender may use certain other 
amortization methods, except that SBA does not allow balloon payments.



Sec. 120.215  What interest rates apply to smaller loans?

    For a loan over $25,000 but not exceeding $50,000, the interest rate 
may be one percent more than the maximum interest rate described above. 
For a loan of $25,000 or less, the maximum interest rate described above 
may be increased by two percentage points.

[61 FR 3235, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 7986, Mar. 1, 1996]

                        Fees for Guaranteed Loans



Sec. 120.220  Fees that Lender pays SBA.

    (a) The Lender pays a guarantee fee to SBA for each loan as follows:

[[Page 154]]



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Fee measured as                        Lender may get
  Guaranteed portion of loan        percentage of        When payable        fee from       When SBA refunds fee
                                  guaranteed portion                         borrower          from borrower
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12 Months or less.............  .25%.................  With Guarantee    When SBA          If Application
                                                        Application.      Approves Loan.    Withdrawn or
                                                                                            Denied.\1\
More Than 12 months and Total   2.0% of Guaranteed     Within 90 days    After First       If Loan Cancelled and
 Guaranteed Portion Is $80,000   Portion.               of SBA Approval.  Disbursement.     Never Disbursed.
 or Less.
More Than 12 Months and Amount  3%...................  Within 90 Days    After First       If Loan Cancelled and
 of Guaranteed Portion of Loan                          of SBA Approval.  Disbursement.     Never Disbursed.
 That Is $250,000 or Less.
More Than 12 Months and Amount  3.0% of 1st $250,000   Within 90 Days    After First       If Loan Cancelled and
 of Guaranteed Portion of Loan   plus 3.5% of balance.  of SBA Approval.  Disbursement.     Never Disbursed.
 Between $250,000 and $500,000.
More Than 12 Months and Amount  3.0% of 1st $250,000   Within 90 Days    After First       If Loan Cancelled and
 of Guaranteed Portion of Loan   plus 3.5% of next      of SBA Approval.  Disbursement.     Never Disbursed.
 Exceeding $500,000.             $250,000 plus 3.875%
                                 of the Amount
                                 Exceeding $500,000.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Also, if SBA substantially changes the Lender's loan terms and approves the loan, but the modified terms are
  unacceptable to the Borrower or Lender. (The Lender must request refund in writing within 30 calendar days of
  the approval).


[[Page 155]]

    (b) If the guarantee fee is not paid, SBA may terminate the 
guarantee. The Borrower may use working capital loan proceeds to 
reimburse the Lender for the guarantee fee. Acceptance of the guarantee 
fee by SBA shall not waive any right of SBA arising from the Lender's 
misconduct or violation of any provision of this part, the guarantee 
agreement, the Authorization, or other loan documents.
    (c) The Lender shall also pay SBA an annual service fee equal to 0.5 
percent of the outstanding balance of the guaranteed portion of each 
loan. The service fee cannot be charged to the Borrower. SBA may 
institute a late fee charge for delinquent payments of the annual 
service fee to cover administrative costs associated with collecting 
delinquent fees.

[61 FR 3235, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 11471, Mar. 20, 1996]



Sec. 120.221  Fees which the Lender may collect from a loan applicant.

    (a) Service and packaging fees. The Lender may charge an applicant 
reasonable fees (customary for similar Lenders in the geographic area 
where the loan is being made) for packaging and other services. The 
Lender must advise the applicant in writing that the applicant is not 
required to obtain or pay for unwanted services. The applicant is 
responsible for deciding whether fees are reasonable. SBA may review 
these fees at any time. Lender must refund any such fee considered 
unreasonable by SBA.
    (b) Extraordinary servicing. Subject to prior written SBA approval, 
if all or part of a loan will have extraordinary servicing needs, the 
Lender may charge the applicant a service fee not to exceed 2 percent 
per year on the outstanding balance of the part requiring special 
servicing.
    (c) Out-of-pocket expenses. The Lender may collect from the 
applicant necessary out-of-pocket expenses such as filing or recording 
fees.
    (d) Late payment fee. The Lender may charge the Borrower a late 
payment fee not to exceed 5 percent of the regular loan payment.
    (e) No prepayment fee. The Lender may not charge a fee for full or 
partial prepayment of a loan.



Sec. 120.222  Fees which the Lender or Associate may not collect from the Borrower or share with third parties.

    The Lender or its Associate may not:
    (a) Require the applicant or Borrower to pay the Lender, an 
Associate, or any party designated by either, any fees or charges for 
goods or services, including insurance, as a condition for obtaining an 
SBA guaranteed loan (unless permitted by this part);
    (b) Charge an applicant any commitment, bonus, broker, commission, 
referral or similar fee;
    (c) Charge points or add-on interest;
    (d) Share any premium received from the sale of an SBA guaranteed 
loan in the secondary market with a Service Provider, packager, or other 
loan-referral source; or
    (e) Charge the Borrower for legal services, unless they are hourly 
charges for requested services actually rendered.



                    Subpart C--Special Purpose Loans



Sec. 120.300  Statutory authority.

    Congress has authorized several special purpose programs in various 
subsections of section 7(a) of the Act. Generally, 7(a) loan policies, 
eligibility requirements and credit criteria enumerated in subpart B of 
this part apply to these programs. The sections of this subpart 
prescribe the special conditions applying to each special purpose 
program. As with other business loans, special purpose loans are 
available only to the extent funded by annual appropriations.

                 Disabled Assistance Loan Program (DAL)



Sec. 120.310  What assistance is available for the disabled?

    Section 7(a)(10) of the Act authorizes SBA to guarantee or make 
direct loans to the disabled. SBA distinguishes two kinds of assistance:
    (a) DAL-1. DAL-1 Financial Assistance is available to non-profit 
public or private organizations for disabled individuals that employ 
such individuals; or
    (b) DAL-2. DAL-2 Financial Assistance is available to:

[[Page 156]]

    (1) Small businesses wholly owned by disabled individuals; and
    (2) Disabled individuals to establish, acquire, or operate a small 
business.



Sec. 120.311  Definitions.

    (a) Organization for the disabled means one which:
    (1) Is organized under federal or state law to operate in the 
interest of disabled individuals;
    (2) Is non-profit;
    (3) Employs disabled individuals for seventy-five percent of the 
time needed to produce commodities or services for sale; and
    (4) Complies with occupational and safety standards prescribed by 
the Department of Labor.
    (b) Disabled individual means a person who has a permanent physical, 
mental or emotional impairment, defect, ailment, disease or disability 
which limits the type of employment for which the person would otherwise 
be qualified.



Sec. 120.312  DAL-1 use of proceeds and other program conditions.

    (a) DAL-1 applicants must submit appropriate documents to establish 
program eligibility.
    (b) Generally, applicants may use loan proceeds for any 7(a) loan 
purposes. Loan proceeds may not be used:
    (1) To purchase or construct facilities if construction grants and 
mortgage assistance are available from another Federal source; or
    (2) For supportive services (expenses incurred by a DAL-1 
organization to subsidize wages of low producers, health and 
rehabilitation services, management, training, education, and housing of 
disabled workers).
    (c) SBA does not consider a DAL-1 organization to have a conflict of 
interest if one or more of its Associates is an Associate of the Lender.



Sec. 120.313  DAL-2 use of proceeds and other program conditions.

    (a) The DAL-2 loan proceeds may be used for any 7(a) loan purposes.
    (b) An applicant may use DAL-2 loan proceeds to acquire an eligible 
small business without complying with the change of ownership conditions 
in Sec. 120.202.
    (c) A DAL-2 applicant must submit evidence from a physician, 
psychiatrist, or other qualified professional as to the permanent nature 
of the disability and the limitation it places on the applicant.



Sec. 120.314  Resolving doubts about creditworthiness.

    For the purpose of the DAL Program, SBA shall resolve doubts 
concerning the creditworthiness of an applicant in favor of the 
applicant. However, the applicant must present satisfactory evidence of 
repayment ability. Personal guarantees of Associates are not required 
for purposes of DAL-1 financial assistance.



Sec. 120.315  Interest rate and loan limit.

    The interest rate on direct DAL loans is three percent. There is an 
administrative limit of $150,000 on a direct DAL loan.

               Businesses Owned by Low Income Individuals



Sec. 120.320  Policy.

    Section 7(a)(11) of the Act authorizes SBA to guarantee or make 
direct loans to establish, preserve or strengthen small business 
concerns:
    (a) Located in an area having high unemployment according to the 
Department of Labor;
    (b) Located in an area in which a high percentage of individuals 
have a low income inadequate to satisfy basic family needs; and
    (c) More than 50 percent owned by low income individuals.

                           Energy Conservation



Sec. 120.330  Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan?

    SBA may make or guarantee loans to assist a small business to 
design, engineer, manufacture, distribute, market, install, or service 
energy devices or techniques designed to conserve the Nation's energy 
resources.



Sec. 120.331  What devices or techniques are eligible for a loan?

    Eligible energy conservation devices or techniques include:
    (a) Solar thermal equipment;

[[Page 157]]

    (b) Photovoltaic cells and related equipment;
    (c) A product or service which increases the energy efficiency of 
existing equipment, methods of operation or systems which use fossil 
fuels, and which is on the Energy Conservation Measures list of the 
Secretary of Energy;
    (d) Equipment producing energy from wood, biological waste, grain or 
other biomass energy sources;
    (e) Equipment for cogeneration of energy, district heating or 
production of energy from industrial waste;
    (f) Hydroelectric power equipment;
    (g) Wind energy conversion equipment; and
    (h) Engineering, architectural, consulting, or other professional 
services necessary or appropriate for any of the devices or techniques 
in paragraphs (a) through (g) of this section.



Sec. 120.332  What are the eligible uses of proceeds?

    (a) Acquire property. The Borrower may use the loan proceeds to 
acquire land necessary for imminent plant construction, buildings, 
machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures, facilities, supplies, and 
material needed to accomplish any of the eligible program purposes in 
Sec. 120.330.
    (b) Research and development. Up to 30% of loan proceeds may be used 
for research and development:
    (1) Of an existing product or service; or
    (2) A new product or service.
    (c) Working capital. The Borrower may use proceeds for working 
capital for entering or expanding in the energy conservation market.



Sec. 120.333  Are there any special credit criteria?

    In addition to regular credit evaluation criteria, SBA shall weigh 
the greater risk associated with energy projects. SBA shall consider 
such factors as quality of the product or service, technical 
qualifications of the applicant's management, sales projections, and 
financial status.

                  Export Working Capital Program (EWCP)



Sec. 120.340  What is the Export Working Capital Program?

    Under the EWCP, SBA guarantees short-term working capital loans made 
by participating lenders to exporters (section 7(a)(14) of the Act). 
Loan maturities may be for up to three years with annual renewals. 
Proceeds can be used only to finance export transactions. Loans can be 
for single or multiple export transactions. An export transaction is the 
production and payment associated with a sale of goods or services to a 
foreign buyer.



Sec. 120.341  Who is eligible?

    In addition to the eligibility criteria applicable to all 7(a) 
loans, an applicant must be in business for one full year at the time of 
application, but not necessarily in the exporting business. SBA may 
waive this requirement if the applicant has sufficient export trade 
experience or other managerial experience.



Sec. 120.342  What are eligible uses of proceeds?

    Loan proceeds may be used:
    (a) To acquire inventory;
    (b) To pay the manufacturing costs of goods for export;
    (c) To purchase goods or services for export;
    (d) To support standby letters of credit;
    (e) For pre-shipment working capital; and
    (f) For post-shipment foreign accounts receivable financing.



Sec. 120.343  Collateral.

    A Borrower must give SBA a first security interest sufficient to 
cover 100 percent of the EWCP loan amount (such as insured accounts 
receivable or letters of credit). Collateral must be located in the 
United States, its territories or possessions.



Sec. 120.344  Unique requirements of the EWCP.

    (a) An applicant must submit cash flow projections to support the 
need for the loan and the ability to repay. After the loan is made, the 
loan recipient

[[Page 158]]

must submit continual progress reports.
    (b) SBA does not limit the amount of extraordinary servicing fees, 
as referenced in Sec. 120.221(b), under the EWCP.
    (c) SBA does not prescribe the interest rates for the EWCP, but will 
monitor these rates for reasonableness.

                        International Trade Loans



Sec. 120.345  Policy.

    Section 7(a)(16) of the Act authorizes SBA to guarantee loans to 
small businesses that are:
    (a) Engaged or preparing to engage in international trade; or
    (b) Adversely affected by import competition.



Sec. 120.346  Eligibility.

    (a) An applicant must establish that:
    (1) The loan proceeds will significantly expand an existing export 
market or develop new export markets; or
    (2) The applicant business is adversely affected by import 
competition; and
    (3) Upgrading facilities or equipment will improve the applicant's 
competitive position.
    (b) The applicant must have a business plan reasonably supporting 
its projected export sales.



Sec. 120.347  Use of proceeds.

    The Borrower may use loan proceeds to acquire, construct, renovate, 
modernize, improve, or expand facilities and equipment to be used in the 
United States to produce goods or services involved in international 
trade, and to develop and penetrate foreign markets.



Sec. 120.348  Amount of guarantee.

    SBA can guarantee up to $1,250,000 for a combination of fixed-asset 
financing and working capital, supplies and EWCP assistance. The fixed-
asset portion of the loan cannot exceed $1,000,000 and the non-fixed-
asset portion cannot exceed $750,000.

                    Qualified Employee Trusts (ESOP)



Sec. 120.350  Policy.

    Section 7(a)(15) of the Act authorizes SBA to guarantee a loan to a 
qualified employee trust (``ESOP'') to:
    (a) Help finance the growth of its employer's small business; or
    (b) Purchase ownership or voting control of the employer.



Sec. 120.351  Definitions.

    All terms specific to ESOPs have the same definition for purposes of 
this section as in the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Code (title 26 of 
the United States Code) or regulations (26 CFR chapter I).



Sec. 120.352  Use of proceeds.

    Loan proceeds may be used for two purposes.
    (a) Qualified employer securities. A qualified employee trust may 
relend loan proceeds to the employer by purchasing qualified employer 
securities. The small business concern may use these funds for any 
general 7(a) purpose.
    (b) Control of employer. A qualified employee trust may use loan 
proceeds to purchase a controlling interest (51 percent) in the 
employer. Ownership and control must vest in the trust by the time the 
loan is repaid.



Sec. 120.353  Eligibility.

    SBA may assist a qualified employee trust (or equivalent trust) that 
meets the requirements and conditions for an ESOP prescribed in all 
applicable IRS, Treasury and Department of Labor (DOL) regulations. In 
addition, the following conditions apply:
    (a) The small business must provide the funds needed by the trust to 
repay the loan; and
    (b) The small business must provide adequate collateral.



Sec. 120.354  Creditworthiness.

    In determining repayment ability, SBA shall not consider the 
personal assets of the employee-owners of the trust. SBA shall consider 
the earnings history and projected future earnings of the employer small 
business. SBA

[[Page 159]]

may consider the business and management experience of the employee-
owners.

                          Veterans Loan Program



Sec. 120.360  Which veterans are eligible?

    SBA may guarantee or make direct loans to a small business 51 
percent owned by one or more of the following eligible veterans:
    (a) Vietnam-era veterans who served for a period of more than 180 
days between August 5, 1964, and May 7, 1975, and were discharged other 
than dishonorably;
    (b) Disabled veterans of any era with a minimum compensable 
disability of 30 percent; or
    (c) A veteran of any era who was discharged for disability.



Sec. 120.361  Other conditions of eligibility.

    (a) Management and daily operations of the business must be directed 
by one or more of the veteran owners whose veteran status was used to 
qualify for the loan.
    (b) This direct loan program is available only if private sector 
financing and guaranteed loans are not available.
    (c) A veteran may qualify only once for this program on a direct 
loan basis.

                        Pollution Control Program



Sec. 120.370  Policy.

    Section 7(a)(12) of the Act authorizes SBA to guarantee loans up to 
$1,000,000 to an eligible small business to plan, design or install a 
pollution control facility. An applicant must meet the eligibility 
requirements for 7(a) loans.

                Loans to Participants in the 8(a) Program



Sec. 120.375  Policy.

    Section 7(a)(20) of the Act authorizes SBA to provide direct 
(unilaterally or together with Lenders) or guaranteed loans to firms 
participating in the 8(a) Program.



Sec. 120.376  Special requirements.

    The following special conditions apply (otherwise, 7(a) loan 
eligibility criteria apply):
    (a) The Associate Administrator of Minority Enterprise Development 
(``MED'') may waive the direct loan administrative ceiling of $150,000, 
and raise it to $750,000.
    (b) The SBA portion of a guaranteed loan must not exceed $750,000.
    (c) The interest rate on a guaranteed loan shall be the same as on 
7(a) guaranteed business loans. The interest rate on a direct loan shall 
be one percent less than on a regular direct loan.
    (d) For a direct loan or SBA's portion of an immediate participation 
loan, SBA shall subordinate its security interest on all collateral to 
other debt of the applicant.



Sec. 120.377  Use of proceeds.

    The loan proceeds shall not be used for debt refinancing. Only a 
manufacturing concern may use loan proceeds for working capital.

                 Defense Economic Transition Assistance



Sec. 120.380  Program.

    Section 7(a)(21) of the Act authorizes SBA to guarantee loans to 
help eligible small businesses transition from defense to civilian 
markets, or eligible individuals adversely impacted by base closures or 
defense cutbacks to acquire or open and operate a small business.



Sec. 120.381  Eligibility.

    (a) Eligible small businesses. A small business is eligible if it 
has been detrimentally impacted by the closure (or substantial 
reduction) of a Department of Defense installation, or the termination 
(or substantial reduction) of a Department of Defense Program on which 
the small business was a prime contractor, subcontractor, or supplier at 
any tier.
    (b) Eligible individual. An eligible individual, for purposes of 
this program, includes the following persons involuntarily separated 
from their position or voluntarily terminated under a program offering 
inducements to encourage early retirement:
    (1) A member of the Armed Forces of the United States (honorably 
discharged);
    (2) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense; or

[[Page 160]]

    (3) An employee of a prime contractor, sub-contractor, or supplier 
at any tier of a Department of Defense program.
    (c) Defense loan and technical assistance (DELTA). The DELTA program 
provides financial and technical assistance to defense dependent small 
businesses which have been adversely affected by defense reductions. The 
goal of the program is to assist these businesses to diversify into the 
commercial market while remaining part of the defense industrial base. 
Complete information on eligibility and other rules is available from 
each SBA district office.



Sec. 120.382  Repayment ability.

    SBA shall resolve reasonable doubts concerning the small business' 
proposed business plan for transition to non-defense-related markets in 
favor of the loan applicant in determining the sound value of the 
proposed loan.



Sec. 120.383  Restrictions on loan processing.

    Since greater risk may be associated with a loan to an applicant 
under this program, a Certified Lender or Preferred Lender shall not 
make a defense economic assistance loan under the PLP or CLP programs.

                            CapLines Program



Sec. 120.390  Revolving credit.

    (a) CapLines finances eligible small businesses' short-term, 
revolving and non-revolving working-capital needs. SBA regulations 
governing the 7(a) loan program govern business loans made under this 
program. Under CapLines, SBA generally can guarantee up to $750,000.
    (b) CapLines proceeds can be used to finance the cyclical, 
recurring, or other identifiable short-term operating capital needs of 
small businesses. Proceeds can be used to create current assets or used 
to provide financing against the current assets that already exist.

                          Builders Loan Program



Sec. 120.391  What is the Builders Loan Program?

    Under section 7(a)(9) of the Act, SBA may make or guarantee loans to 
finance small general contractors to construct or rehabilitate 
residential or commercial property for resale. This program provides an 
exception under specified conditions to the general rule against 
financing investment property. ``Construct'' and ``rehabilitate'' mean 
only work done on-site to the structure, utility connections and 
landscaping.



Sec. 120.392  Who may apply?

    A construction contractor or home-builder with a past history of 
profitable construction or rehabilitation projects of comparable type 
and size may apply. An applicant may subcontract the work. Subcontracts 
in excess of $25,000 may require 100 percent payment and performance 
bonds.



Sec. 120.393  Are there special application requirements?

    (a) An applicant must submit documentation from:
    (1) A mortgage lender indicating that permanent mortgage money is 
available to qualified purchasers to buy such properties;
    (2) A real estate broker indicating that a market exists for the 
proposed building and that it will be compatible with its neighborhood; 
and
    (3) An architect, appraiser or engineer agreeing to make inspections 
and certifications to support interim disbursements.
    (b) The Borrower may substitute a letter from a qualified Lender for 
one or more of the letters.



Sec. 120.394  What are the eligible uses of proceeds?

    A Borrower must use the loan proceeds solely to acquire, construct 
or substantially rehabilitate an individual residential or commercial 
building for sale. ``Substantial'' means rehabilitation expenses of more 
than one-third of the purchase price or fair market value at the time of 
the application. A Borrower may use up to 20 percent of the proceeds to 
acquire land, and up to 5 percent for community improvements such as 
curbs and sidewalks.

[[Page 161]]



Sec. 120.395  What is SBA's collateral position?

    SBA will require a lien on the building which must be in no less 
than a second position.



Sec. 120.396  What is the term of the loan?

    The loan must not exceed sixty (60) months plus the estimated time 
to complete construction or rehabilitation.



Sec. 120.397  Are there any special restrictions?

    The borrower must not use loan proceeds to purchase vacant land for 
possible future construction or to operate or hold rental property for 
future rehabilitation. SBA may allow rental of the property only if the 
rental will improve the ability to sell the property. The sale must be a 
legitimate change of ownership.



                           Subpart D--Lenders



Sec. 120.400  Loan Guarantee Agreements.

    SBA may enter into a Loan Guarantee Agreement with a Lender to make 
deferred participation (guaranteed) loans. Such an agreement does not 
obligate SBA to participate in any specific proposed loan that a Lender 
may submit. The existence of a Loan Guarantee Agreement does not limit 
SBA's rights to deny a specific loan or establish general policies. See 
also Secs. 120.441(b) and 120.451(d) concerning Supplemental Guarantee 
Agreements.

                         Participation Criteria



Sec. 120.410  Requirements for all participating Lenders.

    A Lender must:
    (a) Have a continuing ability to evaluate, process, close, disburse, 
service and liquidate small business loans;
    (b) Be open to the public for the making of such loans (not be a 
financing subsidiary, engaged primarily in financing the operations of 
an affiliate);
    (c) Have continuing good character and reputation, and otherwise 
meet and maintain the ethical requirements of Sec. 120.140
    (d) Be supervised and examined by a State or Federal regulatory 
authority, satisfactory to SBA; and
    (e) In order to make Low Documentation loans, be:
    (1) A bank or thrift institution which has executed an SBA Form 750, 
Loan Guaranty Agreement, and which has at least 20 qualified loans 
outstanding as of the call report date closest to the date of its fiscal 
year end, or
    (2) An institution other than a bank or thrift institution which has 
executed an SBA Form 750, Loan Guaranty Agreement, and which has at 
least 20 qualified loans outstanding as of its latest fiscal year end. 
For purposes of this paragraph (e), a qualified loan is one which was 
initially approved in the amount of $100,000 or less and is classified 
as a commercial, industrial or commercial real estate loan for purposes 
of call reporting. A lender may request an exception to the requirements 
of this paragraph (e) from the SBA Associate Administrator for Financial 
Assistance.

[61 FR 3235, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 302, Jan. 3, 1997]



Sec. 120.411  Preferences.

    An agreement to participate under the Act may not establish any 
Preferences in favor of the Lender.



Sec. 120.412  Other services Lenders may provide Borrowers.

    Subject to Sec. 120.140 Lenders, their Associates or the designees 
of either may provide services to and contract for goods with a Borrower 
only after full disbursement of the loan to the small business or to an 
account not controlled by the Lender, its Associate, or the designee. A 
Lender, an Associate, or a designee providing such services must do so 
under a written contract with the small business, based on time and 
hourly charges, and must maintain time and billing records for 
examination by SBA. Fees cannot exceed those charged by established 
professional consultants providing similar services. See also 
Sec. 120.195.



Sec. 120.413  Advertisement of relationship with SBA.

    A Lender may refer in its advertising to its participation with SBA. 
The advertising may not:

[[Page 162]]

    (a) State or imply that the Lender, or any of its Borrowers, has or 
will receive preferential treatment from SBA;
    (b) Be false or misleading; or
    (c) Make use of SBA's seal.

           Pledging Notes or Transferring Unguaranteed Portion



Sec. 120.420  Financings by participating lenders.

    (a) A lender may pledge the notes evidencing SBA guaranteed loans or 
sell the unguaranteed portions of such loans if SBA, notwithstanding the 
provisions of Sec. 120.453(c), in its sole discretion, gives its prior 
written consent. The Lender must be secure financially and have a 
history of compliance with SBA's regulations and any other applicable 
state or Federal statutory and regulatory requirements.
    (b) The Lender, SBA, and any third party involvement in the 
transaction, as determined by SBA in its sole discretion, must enter 
into a written agreement satisfactory to SBA acknowledging SBA's 
interest as guarantor of the subject loans and accepting that all 
relevant third parties agree to recognize and uphold these interests 
under the Act, this part, and the contractual provisions of SBA's Loan 
Guarantee Agreement. In any such agreement, the parties must agree to 
the following conditions:
    (1) The Lender, SBA, or third party custodian agreeable to SBA, will 
hold all pertinent Loan Instruments, and the Lender will continue to 
service the loans after the pledge or transfer is made; and
    (2) The Lender must retain an economic risk in and bear the ultimate 
risk of loss on the unguaranteed portions. This must be demonstrated to 
SBA's satisfaction by establishing a sufficient reserve fund at the time 
of sale of the unguaranteed portions and, in the case of pledging notes, 
by retaining all of the economic interest in the unguaranteed portion of 
any loan which a note evidences.
    (c) The Lender may not use SBA guaranteed loans or the collateral 
supporting such loans as collateral for any borrowing not related to 
financing of the guaranteed or unguaranteed portion of SBA loans.

[62 FR 15602, Apr. 2, 1997]

                        Miscellaneous Provisions



Sec. 120.430  SBA access to Lender files.

    A Lender must allow SBA's authorized representatives, during normal 
business hours, access to its files to review, inspect and copy all 
records and documents relating to SBA guaranteed loans.



Sec. 120.431  Suspension or revocation of eligibility to participate.

    SBA may suspend or revoke the eligibility of a Lender to participate 
in the 7(a) program because of a violation of SBA regulations, a breach 
of any agreement with SBA, a change of circumstance resulting in the 
Lender's inability to meet operational requirements, or a failure to 
engage in prudent lending practices. Proceedings for such purposes will 
be conducted in accordance with the provisions of part 134 of this 
chapter. A suspension or revocation will not invalidate a guarantee 
previously provided by SBA.

                     Certified Lenders Program (CLP)



Sec. 120.440  What is the Certified Lenders Program?

    Under the Certified Lenders Program (CLP), designated Lenders 
process, close, service, and may liquidate, SBA guaranteed loans. SBA 
gives priority to applications and servicing actions submitted by 
Lenders under this program, and will provide expedited loan processing 
or servicing. All other rules in this part 120 relating to the 
operations of Lenders apply to CLP Lenders.

[61 FR 3235, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 7986, Mar. 1, 1996]



Sec. 120.441  How does a Lender become a CLP Lender?

    (a) An SBA field office may nominate a Lender or a Lender may 
request a field office to consider it for CLP status. SBA district 
directors may approve and renew a Lender's CLP status. The district 
director will consider whether the Lender:

[[Page 163]]

    (1) Has the ability to process, close, service and liquidate loans;
    (2) Has a satisfactory performance history with SBA, including the 
submission of complete and accurate loan guarantee application packages;
    (3) Has an acceptable SBA purchase rate; and
    (4) Has shown the ability to work well with the local SBA office.
    (b) If the district director does not approve a request for CLP 
status, the Lender may appeal to the AA/FA, whose decision will be 
final. If SBA grants CLP status, it applies only in the field office 
that processed the CLP designation. A CLP Lender must execute a 
Supplemental Guarantee Agreement that will specify a term not to exceed 
two years.



Sec. 120.442  Suspension or revocation of CLP status.

    The AA/FA may suspend or revoke CLP status upon written notice 
providing the reasons at least 10 business days prior to the effective 
date of the suspension or revocation. Reasons for suspension or 
revocation may include a loan performance record unacceptable to SBA, 
failure to make the required number of loans under the expedited 
procedures, or violations of applicable statutes, regulations or 
published SBA policies and procedures. A CLP Lender may appeal the 
suspension or revocation made under this section under procedures found 
in part 134 of this chapter. The action of the AA/FA remains in effect 
pending resolution of the appeal.

                     Preferred Lenders Program (PLP)



Sec. 120.450  What is the Preferred Lenders Program?

    Under the Preferred Lenders Program (PLP), designated Lenders 
process, close, service, and liquidate SBA guaranteed loans with reduced 
requirements for documentation to and prior approval by SBA.



Sec. 120.451  How does a Lender become a PLP Lender?

    (a) An SBA field office serving the area in which a Lender's office 
is located can nominate the Lender, or a Lender can request a field 
office to consider it for PLP status. The SBA field office will forward 
its recommendation to an SBA centralized loan processing center which 
will submit its recommendation and supporting documentation to the AA/FA 
for final decision.
    (b) In making its decision, SBA considers whether the Lender:
    (1) Has the required ability to process, close, service and 
liquidate loans;
    (2) Has the ability to develop and analyze complete loan packages; 
and
    (3) Has a satisfactory performance history with SBA.
    (c) If the Lender is approved, the AA/FA will designate the area in 
which it can make PLP loans.
    (d) Before it can operate as a PLP Lender, the approved Lender must 
execute a Supplemental Guarantee Agreement, which will specify a term 
not to exceed two years.
    (e) When a PLP's Supplemental Guarantee Agreement expires, SBA may 
recertify it as a PLP Lender for an additional term not to exceed two 
years. Prior to recertification, SBA will review a PLP Lender's loans, 
policies and procedures. The recertification decision of the AA/FA is 
final.
    (f) A PLP Lender may request an expansion of the territory in which 
it can process PLP loans by submitting its request to a loan processing 
center. The center will obtain the recommendation of each SBA office in 
the area into which the PLP Lender would like to expand its PLP 
operations. The center will forward the recommendations to the AA/FA for 
final decision. If a PLP Lender is not a CLP Lender in a territory into 
which it seeks to expand its PLP status, it automatically obtains CLP 
status in that territory when it is granted PLP status for the 
territory.



Sec. 120.452  What are the requirements of PLP loan processing?

    (a) Subparts A and B of this part govern the making of PLP loans, 
except for the following:
    (1) Certain types of businesses, loans, and loan programs are not 
eligible for PLP, as detailed in published SBA policy and procedures.
    (2) A Lender may not make a PLP business loan which reduces its 
existing credit exposure for any Borrower,

[[Page 164]]

except in cases where an interim loan(s) has been made for other than 
real estate construction purposes to the Borrower which was approved by 
the Lender within 90 days of receipt of the issuance fo a subsequent PLP 
loan number.
    (3) SBA will not guarantee more than the specified statutory 
percentage of any PLP loan.
    (b) A PLP Lender notifies SBA of its approval of a PLP loan by 
submitting to SBA's loan processing center appropriate documentation 
signed by two of the PLP's authorized representatives. SBA will attach 
the SBA guarantee and notify the PLP Lender of the SBA loan number (if 
it does not identify a problem with eligibility, and funds are 
available).
    (c) The PLP Lender is responsible for all PLP loan decisions 
regarding eligibility (including size) and creditworthiness. The PLP 
Lender is also responsible for confirming that all PLP loan closing 
decisions are correct, and that it has complied with all requirements of 
law and SBA regulations.



Sec. 120.453  What are the requirements of a PLP Lender in servicing and liquidating SBA guaranteed loans?

    The PLP Lender must service and liquidate its SBA guaranteed loan 
portfolio (including its non-PLP loans) using generally accepted 
commercial banking standards employed by prudent lenders. The PLP Lender 
must liquidate any defaulted SBA guaranteed loan in its portfolio unless 
SBA advises in writing that SBA will liquidate the loan. The PLP Lender 
must submit a liquidation plan to SBA prior to commencing liquidation 
action. The PLP Lender may take any necessary servicing action, or 
liquidation action consistent with a plan, for any SBA guaranteed loan 
in its portfolio, except it may not:
    (a) Take any action that confers a Preference on the Lender;
    (b) Accept a compromise settlement without prior written SBA 
consent; and
    (c) Sell or pledge more than 90 percent of a PLP loan.



Sec. 120.454  PLP performance review.

    SBA may review the performance of a PLP Lender. SBA may charge the 
PLP Lender a fee to cover the costs of this review.



Sec. 120.455  Suspension or revocation of PLP status.

    The AA/FA may suspend or revoke PLP status upon written notice 
providing the reasons at least 10 business days prior to the effective 
date of the suspension or revocation. Reasons for suspension or 
revocation may include loan performance unacceptable to SBA, failure to 
make the required number of loans under the expedited procedures, or 
violations of applicable statutes, regulations or published SBA policies 
and procedures. A PLP Lender may appeal the suspension or revocation 
made under this section under procedures found in part 134 of this 
chapter. The action of the AA/FA remains in effect pending resolution of 
the appeal.

                 Small Business Lending Companies (SBLC)



Sec. 120.470  What is an SBLC?

    A Small Business Lending Company (SBLC) is a nondepository lending 
institution licensed by SBA. SBA supervises, examines, and regulates 
SBLCs. An SBLC is subject to all applicable SBA regulations, including 
those governing Lenders. SBA has imposed a moritorium on licensing new 
SBLC's since January, 1982.
    (a) An SBLC may only make:
    (1) Loans under section 7(a) (except section 7(a)(13)) of the Act in 
participation with SBA; and/or
    (2) SBA guaranteed loans to micro-Lenders in the SBA Microloan 
program (see subpart G of this part). Such loans are subject to the same 
conditions as guaranteed loans made to SBA-designated microlenders by 
SBA participating Lenders.
    (b) In addition to complying with Secs. 120.400 through 120.413, an 
SBLC must meet the following requirements:
    (1) Business structure. It must be a corporation (profit or non-
profit).
    (2) Written agreement. It must sign a written agreement with SBA.
    (3) Capital structure. It must have unencumbered paid-in capital and 
paid-

[[Page 165]]

in surplus of at least $1,000,000, or ten percent of the aggregate of 
its share of all outstanding loans, whichever is more.
    (4) Capital impairment. It must avoid capital impairment at all 
times. Impairment exists if the retained earnings deficit of an SBLC 
exceeds 50 percent of combined paid-in capital and paid-in-surplus, 
excluding treasury stock. An SBLC must give SBA prompt written notice of 
any capital impairment within 30 calendar days of the month-end 
financial report that first reflects the impairment. Until the 
impairment is cured, an SBLC may not present any loans to SBA for 
guarantee.
    (5) Issuance of securities. Without prior written SBA approval, it 
must not issue any securities (including stock options and debt 
securities) except stock dividends and common stock issued for cash or 
direct obligations of, or obligations fully guaranteed as to principal 
and interest by, the United States.
    (6) Voluntary capital reduction. Without prior written SBA approval, 
it must not voluntarily reduce its capital, or purchase and hold more 
than 2 percent of any class or combination of classes of its stock.
    (7) Reserves for losses. It must maintain a reserve in the amount of 
anticipated losses on loans and receivables.
    (8) Internal control. It must adopt a plan designed to safeguard its 
funds and other assets, to assure the reliability of its personnel, and 
to maintain the accuracy of its financial data.
    (9) Dual control. It must maintain dual control over disbursement of 
funds and withdrawal of securities. An SBLC may disburse funds only by 
checks or wire transfers authorized by signatures of two or more 
officers covered by the SBLC's fidelity bond, except that checks in an 
amount of $1,000 or less may be signed by one bonded officer. There must 
be two or more bonded officers, or one bonded officer and a bonded 
employee to open safe deposit boxes or withdraw securities from 
safekeeping. The SBLC shall furnish to each depository bank, custodian, 
or entity providing safe deposit boxes a certified copy of the 
resolution implementing these control procedures.
    (10) Fidelity insurance. It must maintain a Brokers Blanket Bond, 
Standard Form 14, or Finance Companies Blanket Bond, Standard Form 15, 
or such other form of coverage as SBA may approve, in a minimum amount 
of $500,000 executed by a surety holding a certificate of authority from 
the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 9304-9308.
    (11) Common control. It must not control, be controlled by, or be 
under common control with, another SBLC. Without prior written SBA 
approval, an Associate of one SBLC shall not be an Associate of another 
SBLC or of any entity which directly or indirectly controls or is under 
common control with another SBLC.
    (12) Management. An SBLC must employ full time professional 
management.
    (13) Borrowed funds. Without SBA's prior written approval, it must 
not be capitalized with borrowed funds. Shareholders owning 10 percent 
or more of any class of its stock shall not use borrowed funds to 
purchase the stock unless the net worth of the shareholders is at least 
twice the amount borrowed or unless the shareholders receive SBA's prior 
written approval for a lower ratio.



Sec. 120.471  Records.

    Each SBLC must comply with the following requirements concerning 
records:
    (a) Maintenance of Records. It must maintain accurate and current 
financial records, including books of account, minutes of stockholder, 
directors, and executive committee meetings, and all documents and 
supporting materials relating to the SBLC's transactions at its 
principal business office. Securities held by a custodian pursuant to a 
written agreement shall be exempt from this requirement.
    (b) Preservation of records. (1) It must preserve in a manner 
permitting immediate retrieval the following documentation for the 
financial statements required by Sec. 120.472 (and of the accompanying 
certified public accountant's opinion), for the following specified 
periods:
    (i) Preserve permanently:

[[Page 166]]

    (A) All general and subsidiary ledgers (or other records) reflecting 
asset, liability, capital stock and surplus, income, and expense 
accounts;
    (B) All general and special journals (or other records forming the 
basis for entries in such ledgers); and
    (C) The corporate charter, bylaws, application for determination of 
eligibility to participate with SBA, and all minutes books, capital 
stock certificates or stubs, stock ledgers, and stock transfer 
registers;
    (ii) Preserve for at least 6 years following final disposition of 
the related loan:
    (A) All applications for financing;
    (B) Lending, participation, and escrow agreements;
    (C) Financing instruments; and
    (D) All other documents and supporting material relating to such 
loans, including correspondence.
    (2) Records and other documents referred to in this section may be 
preserved electronically if the original is available for retrieval 
within a reasonable period.



Sec. 120.472  Reports to SBA.

    An SBLC must submit the following to the AA/FA:
    (a) An audited financial statement prepared by a certified public 
accountant within three months after the close of each fiscal year, and 
interim financial reports when requested by SBA;
    (b) A report of any legal or administrative proceeding, by or 
against the SBLC, or against an officer, director, or employee of the 
SBLC for an alleged breach of official duty, within 10 days after 
initiating or learning of the proceeding, as well as notification of the 
terms of any settlement or final judgment (in addition to any reporting 
under applicable SBA Forms);
    (c) Copies of any report furnished to its stockholders (including 
any prospectus, letter, or other publication concerning the financial 
operations of the SBLC);
    (d) A summary of any changes in the SBLC's organization or 
financing, such as:
    (1) Any change in its name, address or telephone number;
    (2) Any change in its charter, bylaws, or its officers or directors 
(to be accompanied by a statement of personal history on an approved SBA 
form);
    (3) Any changes in capitalization (including those identified in 
Sec. 120.470);
    (4) Any changes affecting the eligibility of the SBLC to continue to 
participate as an SBLC; and
    (5) Notice of a pledge of stock within 30 calendar days of the 
transaction if 10 percent or more of the stock is pledged by any person 
(or group of persons acting in concert) as collateral for indebtedness, 
and such pledge does not involve a transfer for which prior written 
approval of SBA is required under Sec. 120.473;
    (e) Such other reports as SBA may require from time to time by 
written directive.



Sec. 120.473  Change of ownership or control.

    (a) Any change of ownership or control without prior written 
approval of SBA is prohibited. An SBLC must request approval of any such 
change from the AA/FA. Pending the approval, the SBLC may not register 
the proposed new owners on its transfer books nor permit them to 
participate in any manner in the conduct of the SBLC's affairs. Change 
of ownership or control includes:
    (1) Any transfer of 10 percent or more of any class of the SBLC's 
stock, and any agreement providing for such transfer;
    (2) Any transfer that could result in the beneficial ownership by 
any person or group of persons acting in concert of 10 percent or more 
of any class of its stock, and any agreement providing for such 
transfer;
    (3) Any merger, consolidation, or reorganization; or
    (4) Any other transaction or agreement that transfers control of the 
SBLC.
    (b) If transfer of ownership or control is subject to the approval 
of any State or Federal chartering, licensing, or other regulatory 
authority, copies of any documents filed with such authority must, at 
the same time, be transmitted to the AA/FA.

[[Page 167]]



Sec. 120.474  Prohibited financing.

    An SBLC may not make a loan to a small business that has received 
financing (or a commitment for financing) from an SBIC that is an 
Associate of the SBLC.



Sec. 120.475  Audits.

    Every SBLC is subject to periodic audits by SBA's Office of 
Inspector General, Auditing Division, and the cost of such audits will 
be assessed against the SBLC, except for the first audit. Fees are 
structured based on the SBLC's assets as of the date of the latest 
audited financial statement submitted to SBA before the audit. The fee 
schedule is set forth in SBA's Standard Operating Procedures manual.



Sec. 120.476  Suspension or revocation.

    SBA may revoke or suspend an SBLC for a violation of law, these 
regulations, or any agreement with SBA. An appeal can be made following 
the procedures set forth in part 134 of this chapter.



                     Subpart E--Loan Administration



Sec. 120.500  General.

    This subpart outlines the general loan administration policies 
applicable to loan servicing and liquidation.

                                Servicing



Sec. 120.510  Servicing direct and immediate participation loans.

    SBA services the direct loans that it makes. Generally, the Lender 
services immediate participation loans that it makes and in which SBA 
participates.



Sec. 120.511  Servicing guaranteed loans.

    The Lender services guaranteed loans, holds the Loan Instruments and 
receives the Borrower's payments of principal and interest.



Sec. 120.512  Who services the loan after SBA honors its guarantee?

    Generally, after SBA honors its guarantee, the Lender must continue 
to hold the Loan Instruments and service and liquidate the loan. The 
Lender must execute a Certificate of Interest showing SBA's percentage 
of the loan, and must submit a liquidation plan to SBA for each loan to 
be liquidated. If SBA elects to service or liquidate the loan, the 
Lender must assign the Loan Instruments to SBA.



Sec. 120.513  What servicing actions require the prior written consent of SBA?

    Except as otherwise provided in a Supplemental Guarantee Agreement 
with the Lender, SBA must give its prior written consent before the 
Lender takes any of the following actions:
    (a) Alters substantially the terms or conditions of any Loan 
Instrument (for example, any increase in the principal amount or change 
in the interest rate, or action conferring a Preference on the Lender);
    (b) Releases collateral having a cumulative value in excess of 20 
percent of the original loan amount;
    (c) Accelerates the maturity of the note;
    (d) Sues upon any Loan Instrument;
    (e) Compromises or waives any claim against any Borrower, guarantor, 
obligor or standby creditor arising out of any Loan Instrument; or
    (f) Increases the amount of any prior lien held by the Lender on the 
collateral securing the loan.

                 SBA'S Purchase of a Guaranteed Portion



Sec. 120.520  When does SBA honor its guarantee?

    (a) SBA, in its sole discretion, may purchase a guaranteed portion 
of a loan at any time. A Lender may demand in writing that SBA honor its 
guarantee if the Borrower is in default on any installment for more than 
60 calendar days (or less if SBA agrees) and the default has not been 
cured. If a Borrower cures a default before a Lender requests purchase 
by SBA, the Lender's right to request purchase on that default lapses.
    (b) Purchase by SBA of the guaranteed portion does not waive any of 
SBA's rights to recover money paid on the guarantee, based upon the 
Lender's negligence, misconduct, or violation of this part, including 
those actions listed in Sec. 120.524(a), the Loan Guarantee Agreement or 
the Loan Instruments.

[[Page 168]]



Sec. 120.521  What interest rate applies after SBA purchases its guaranteed portion?

    When SBA purchases the guaranteed portion of a fixed interest rate 
loan, the rate of interest remains as stated in the note. On loans with 
a fluctuating interest rate, the interest rate that the Borrower owes 
will be at the rate in effect at the time of the earliest uncured 
payment default, or the rate in effect at the time of purchase (where no 
default has occurred).



Sec. 120.522  How much accrued interest does SBA pay to the Lender or Registered Holder when SBA purchases the guaranteed portion?

    (a) Rate of interest. If SBA purchases the guaranteed portion from a 
Lender or from a Registered Holder (if sold in the Secondary Market), it 
will pay accrued interest at:
    (1) The rate in the note if it is a fixed rate loan; or
    (2) The rate in effect on the date of the earliest uncured payment 
default, or of SBA's purchase (if there has been no default).
    (b) Payment to Lender. If the Lender submits a complete purchase 
request to SBA within 120 days of the earliest uncured payment default, 
SBA will pay accrued interest to the Lender from the last interest paid-
to-date up to the date of payment. If the Lender requests SBA to 
purchase after 120 days from the date of the earliest uncured payment 
default date, SBA will pay only 120 days of interest. For LowDoc loans, 
the interest paid to the Lender will be governed by the Supplemental 
Guarantee Agreement.
    (c) Payment to Registered Holder. SBA will pay a Registered Holder 
all accrued interest up to the date of payment.
    (d) Extension of the 120 day period. Before the 120 days expire, the 
SBA field office may extend the period if the Lender and SBA agree that 
the Borrower can cure the default within a reasonable and definite 
period of time or that the benefits from doing so otherwise will exceed 
the costs of SBA paying additional interest. If the 120 days have 
passed, only the AA/FA or designee can extend the period.



Sec. 120.523  What is the ``earliest uncured payment default''?

    The earliest uncured payment default is the date of the earliest 
failure by a Borrower to pay a regular installment of principal and/or 
interest when due. Payments made by the Borrower before a Lender makes 
its request to SBA to purchase are applied to the earliest uncured 
payment default. If the installment is paid in full, the earliest 
uncured payment default date will advance to the next unpaid installment 
date. If a Borrower makes any payment after the Lender makes its request 
to SBA to purchase, the earliest uncured payment default date does not 
change because the Lender has already exercised its right to request 
purchase.



Sec. 120.524  When is SBA released from liability on its guarantee?

    (a) SBA is released from liability on a loan guarantee (in whole or 
in part, within SBA's exclusive discretion), if any of the events below 
occur:
    (1) The Lender has failed to comply materially with any of the 
provisions of these regulations, the Loan Guarantee Agreement, or the 
Authorization;
    (2) The Lender has failed to make, close, service, or liquidate a 
loan in a prudent manner;
    (3) The Lender's improper action or inaction has placed SBA at risk;
    (4) The Lender has failed to disclose a material fact to SBA 
regarding a guaranteed loan in a timely manner;
    (5) The Lender has misrepresented a material fact to SBA regarding a 
guaranteed loan;
    (6) SBA has received a written request from the Lender to terminate 
the guarantee;
    (7) The Lender has not paid the guarantee fee within the period 
required under SBA rules and regulations;
    (8) The Lender has failed to request that SBA purchase a guarantee 
within 120 days after maturity of the loan;
    (9) The Lender has failed to use required SBA forms or exact 
electronic copies; or
    (10) The Borrower has paid the loan in full.
    (b) If SBA determines, after purchasing its guaranteed portion of a 
loan, that any of the events set forth in paragraph (a) of this section 
occurred

[[Page 169]]

in connection with that loan, SBA is entitled to recover any money paid 
on the guarantee plus interest from the Lender responsible for those 
events.
    (c) If the Lender's loan documentation indicates that one or more of 
the events in paragraph (a) of this section may have occurred, SBA may 
undertake such investigation as it deems necessary to determine whether 
to honor or deny the guarantee, and may withhold a decision on whether 
to honor the guarantee until the completion of such investigation.
    (d) Any information provided to SBA prior to Lender's request for 
SBA to honor its guarantee shall not prejudice SBA's right to deny 
liability for a guarantee if one or more of the events listed in 
paragraph (a) of this section occur.
    (e) Unless SBA provides written notice to the contrary, the Lender 
remains responsible for all loan servicing ad liquidation actions until 
SBA honors its guarantee in full.

          Deferment, Extension of Maturity and Loan Moratorium



Sec. 120.530  Deferment of payment.

    SBA may agree to defer payments on a business loan for a stated 
period of time, and use such other methods as it considers necessary and 
appropriate to help in the successful operation of the Borrower. This 
policy applies to all business loan programs, including 504 loans.



Sec. 120.531  Extension of maturity.

    SBA may agree to extend the maturity of a loan for up to 10 years 
beyond its original maturity if the extension will aid in the orderly 
repayment of the loan.



Sec. 120.532  What is a loan Moratorium?

    SBA may assume a Borrower's obligation to repay principal and 
interest on a loan by agreeing to make the payments to the Lender on 
behalf of the Borrower under terms and conditions set by SBA. This 
relief is called a ``Moratorium.'' Complete information concerning this 
program may be obtained from local SBA offices.

                        Liquidation of Collateral



Sec. 120.540  What are SBA's policies concerning liquidation of collateral?

    (a) Liquidation policy. SBA or the Lender may liquidate collateral 
securing a loan if the loan is in default or there is no reasonable 
prospect that the loan can be repaid within a reasonable period.
    (b) Sale and conversion of loans. Without the consent of the 
Borrower, SBA may:
    (1) Sell a direct loan;
    (2) Convert a guaranteed or immediate participation loan to a direct 
loan; or
    (3) Convert an immediate participation loan to a guaranteed loan or 
a loan owned solely by the Lender.
    (c) Disposal of collateral and assets acquired through foreclosure 
or conveyance. SBA or the Lender may sell real and personal property 
(including contracts and claims) pledged to secure a loan that is in 
default in accordance with the provisions of the related security 
instrument (see Sec. 120.550 for Homestead Protection for Farmers).
    (1) Competitive bids or negotiated sales. Generally, SBA will offer 
loan collateral and acquired assets for public sale through competitive 
bids at auctions or sealed bid sales. The Lender may use negotiated 
sales if consistent with its usual practice for similar non-SBA assets.
    (2) Lease of acquired property. Normally, neither SBA nor a Lender 
will rent or lease acquired property or grant options to purchase. SBA 
and the Lender will consider proposals for a lease if it appears a 
property cannot be sold advantageously and the lease may be terminated 
on reasonable notice upon receipt of a favorable purchase offer.
    (d) Recoveries and security interests shared. SBA and the Lender 
will share pro rata (in accordance with their respective interests in a 
loan) all loan payments or recoveries, all reasonable expenses 
(including advances for the care, preservation, and maintenance of 
collateral securing the loan and the payment of senior lienholders), and 
any security interest or guarantee (excluding SBA's guarantee) which the 
Lender

[[Page 170]]

or SBA may hold or receive in connection with a loan.
    (e) Guarantors. Guarantors of financial assistance have no rights of 
contribution against SBA on an SBA guaranteed or direct loan. SBA is not 
deemed to be a co-guarantor with any other guarantors.

                    Homestead Protection for Farmers



Sec. 120.550  What is homestead protection for farmers?

    SBA may lease to a farmer-Borrower the farm residence occupied by 
the Borrower and a reasonable amount of adjoining property (no more than 
10 acres and seven farm buildings), if they were acquired by SBA as a 
result of a defaulted farm loan made or guaranteed by SBA (see the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, 7 U.S.C. 1921, for 
qualifying loan purposes).



Sec. 120.551  Who is eligible for homestead protection?

    SBA must notify the Borrower in possession of the availability of 
these homestead protection rights within 30 days after SBA acquires the 
property. A farmer-Borrower must:
    (a) Apply for the homestead occupancy to the SBA field office which 
serviced the loan within 90 days after SBA acquires the property;
    (b) Provide evidence that the farm produces farm income reasonable 
for the area and economic conditions;
    (c) Show that at least 60 percent of the Borrower and spouse's gross 
annual income came from farm or ranch operations in at least any two out 
of the last six calendar years;
    (d) Have resided on the property during the previous six years; and
    (e) Be personally liable for the debt.



Sec. 120.552  Lease.

    If approved, the applicant must personally occupy the residence 
during the term of the lease and pay a reasonable rent to SBA. The lease 
will be for a period of at least 3 years, but no more than 5 years. A 
lease of less than 5 years may be renewed, but not beyond 5 years from 
the original lease date. During or at the end of the lease period, the 
lessee has a right of first refusal to reacquire the homestead property 
under terms and conditions no less favorable than those offered to any 
other purchaser.



Sec. 120.553  Appeal.

    If the application is denied, the Borrower may appeal the decision 
to the AA/FA. Until the conclusion of any appeal, the Borrower may 
retain possession of the homestead property.



Sec. 120.554  Conflict of laws.

    In the event of a conflict between the homestead provisions at 
Secs. 120.550 through 120.553 of this part, and any state law relating 
to the right of a Borrower to designate for separate sale or to redeem 
part or all of the real property securing a loan foreclosed by the 
Lender, state law shall prevail.



                       Subpart F--Secondary Market

                     Fiscal and Transfer Agent (FTA)



Sec. 120.600  Definitions.

    (a) Certificate is the document the FTA issues representing a 
beneficial fractional interest in a Pool (Pool Certificate), or an 
undivided interest in the entire guaranteed portion of an individual 
7(a) guaranteed loan (Individual Certificate).
    (b) Current means that no repayment from a Borrower to a Lender is 
over 29 days late measured from the due date of the payment on the 
records of the FTA's central registry (Pools) or the entity servicing 
the loan (individual guaranteed portion).
    (c) FTA is the SBA's fiscal and transfer agent.
    (d) Note Rate is the interest rate on the Borrower's note.
    (e) Net Rate is the interest rate on an individual guaranteed 
portion of a loan in a Pool.
    (f) Pool is an aggregation of SBA guaranteed portions of loans made 
by Lenders.
    (g) Pool Assembler is a financial institution that:
    (1) Organizes and packages a Pool by acquiring the SBA guaranteed 
portions of loans from Lenders;
    (2) Resells fractional interests in the Pool to Registered Holders; 
and

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    (3) Directs the FTA to issue Certificates.
    (h) Pool Rate is the interest rate on a Pool Certificate.
    (i) Registered Holder is the Certificate owner listed in FTA's 
records.
    (j) SBA's Secondary Market Program Guide is an issuance from SBA 
which describes the characteristics of Secondary Market transactions.



Sec. 120.601  SBA Secondary Market.

    The SBA secondary market (``Secondary Market'') consists of the sale 
of Certificates, representing either the entire guaranteed portion of an 
individual 7(a) guaranteed loan or an undivided interest in a Pool 
consisting of the SBA guaranteed portions of a number of 7(a) guaranteed 
loans. By the terms of such Certificate, SBA guarantees a Registered 
Holder timely payment of principal and interest from the loan or loans 
underlying the Certificate. Transactions involving interests in Pools or 
the sale of individual guaranteed portions of loans are governed by the 
contracts entered into by the parties, SBA's Secondary Market Program 
Guide, and this subpart. See sections 5 (f), (g), and (h) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 634 (f), (g) and (h)).

                              Certificates



Sec. 120.610  Form and terms of Certificates.

    (a) General form and content. Each Certificate must be registered 
with the FTA. SBA must approve the terms of the Certificate.
    (b) Face amount of Pool Certificate. The face amount of a Pool 
Certificate cannot be less than a minimum amount as specified in the 
Program Guide, and the dollar amount of Certificates must be in 
increments which SBA will specify in the Program Guide (except for one 
Certificate in each Pool). SBA may change these requirements based upon 
an analysis of market conditions and program experience, and will 
publish any such change in the Federal Register.
    (c) Basis of payment for Pool Certificates. Principal installments 
and interest payments are based on the unpaid principal balance of the 
portion of the Pool represented by a Pool Certificate. All prepayments 
on loans in the Pool must be passed through to the appropriate 
Registered Holders with the regularly scheduled payments to such 
Holders.
    (d) Basis of payment for Individual Certificates. Principal 
installments and interest payments are based on the unpaid principal 
balance of the SBA guaranteed portion of the loan supporting an 
Individual Certificate. The Certificate must provide for a pass through 
to the Registered Holder of payments which the FTA receives from a 
Lender or any entity servicing the loan, less applicable fees.
    (e) Interest rate on Pool Certificate. The interest rate on a Pool 
Certificate must be equal to the lowest Net Rate on any individual 
guaranteed portion of a loan in the Pool.



Sec. 120.611  Pools backing Pool Certificates.

    (a) Pool characteristics. As set forth in the Program Guide, each 
Pool must have:
    (1) A minimum number of guaranteed portions of loans;
    (2) A minimum aggregate principal balance of the guaranteed 
portions;
    (3) A maximum percentage of the Pool which an individual guaranteed 
portion may constitute;
    (4) A maximum allowable difference between the highest and lowest 
note interest rates;
    (5) A maximum allowable difference between the remaining terms to 
maturity of the loans in the Pool; and
    (6) A minimum weighted average maturity at Pool formation.
    (b) Adjustment of Pool characteristics. SBA may adjust the Pool 
characteristics periodically based upon program experience and market 
conditions.



Sec. 120.612  Loans eligible to back Certificates.

    (a) Pool Certificates are backed by the SBA guaranteed portions of 
loans comprising the Pool. An Individual Certificate is backed by the 
SBA guaranteed portion of a single loan. Any such loan must:
    (1) Be current as of the date the Pool is formed or the individual 
guaranteed

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portion of a loan is initially sold in the Secondary Market;
    (2) Be guaranteed under the Act; and
    (3) Meet such other standards as SBA may determine to be necessary 
for the successful operation of the Secondary Market program.
    (b) The loans that back a Pool must meet the SBA requirements in 
effect at the time the Pool is formed.



Sec. 120.613  Secondary Participation Guarantee Agreement.

    When a Lender wants to sell the guaranteed portion of a loan, it 
enters into a Secondary Participation Guarantee Agreement (``SPGA'') 
with SBA and the prospective purchaser. The terms of sale between the 
Lender and the purchaser cannot require the Lender or SBA to repurchase 
the guaranteed portion of the loan except in accordance with the terms 
of the SPGA. Before execution of the SPGA, the Lender must:
    (a) Submit to FTA a copy of the proposed SPGA, the note, and such 
other documents as SBA may require;
    (b) Disburse to the Borrower the full amount of the loan; and
    (c) Pay SBA all guarantee fees relevant to the loan in full.

                   The SBA Guarantee of a Certificate



Sec. 120.620  SBA guarantee of a Pool Certificate.

    (a) Extent of Guarantee. SBA guarantees to a Registered Holder the 
timely payment of principal and interest installments and any prepayment 
or other recovery of principal to which the Registered Holder is 
entitled. If the Borrower of a loan in a Pool backing the Certificates 
does not make a required installment payment, SBA, through the FTA, will 
make advances to maintain the schedule of interest and principal 
payments to the Registered Holders.
    (b) SBA guarantee backed by full faith and credit. SBA's guarantee 
of the Pool Certificate is backed by the full faith and credit of the 
United States.



Sec. 120.621  SBA guarantee of an Individual Certificate.

    (a) Extent of SBA guarantee. With respect to Individual 
Certificates, SBA guarantees to purchase from the Registered Holder the 
guaranteed portion of the loan for an amount equal to the unpaid 
principal and accrued interest due as of the date of SBA's purchase, 
less deductions for applicable fees. Unlike the SBA guarantee with 
respect to pooled loans, SBA does not guarantee timely payment on 
Individual Certificates.
    (b) What triggers the SBA guarantee. SBA's guarantee to the 
Registered Holder may be called upon when:
    (1) The Borrower remains in uncured default for 60 days on payments 
of principal or interest due on the note;
    (2) The Lender fails to send to the FTA on a timely basis payments 
it received from the Borrower; or
    (3) The FTA fails to send to the Registered Holder on a timely basis 
any payments it has received from the Lender.
    (c) Full faith and credit. SBA's guarantee to the Registered Holder 
is backed by the full faith and credit of the United States.

                             Pool Assemblers



Sec. 120.630  Qualifications to be a Pool Assembler.

    (a) Application to become Pool Assembler. The application to become 
a Pool Assembler is available from the AA/FA. In order to qualify as a 
Pool Assembler, an entity must send the application to the AA/FA, with 
an application fee, and certify that it:
    (1) Is regulated by the appropriate agency as defined in section 
3(a)(34)(G) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 
78c(a)(34)(G));
    (2) Meets all financial and other applicable requirements of its 
regulatory authority and the Government Securities Act of 1986, as 
amended (Pub. L. 99-571, 100 Stat. 3208);
    (3) Has the financial capability to assemble acceptable and eligible 
guaranteed loan portions in sufficient quantity to support the issuance 
of Pool Certificates; and
    (4) Is in good standing with SBA (as the AA/FA determines), the 
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (``OCC'') if it is a national 
bank, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation if it is a bank not 
regulated by the

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OCC, or the National Association of Securities Dealers if it is a 
member.
    (b) Approval by SBA. An entity may not submit Pool applications to 
the FTA until SBA has approved the application to become a Pool 
Assembler.
    (c) Conduct of business by Pool Assembler. An entity continues to 
qualify as a Pool Assembler so long as it:
    (1) Meets the eligibility standards in paragraph (a) of this 
section;
    (2) Conducts its business in accordance with SBA regulations and 
accepted securities or banking industry practices, ethics, and 
standards; and
    (3) Maintains its books and records in accordance with generally 
accepted accounting principles or in accordance with the guidelines of 
the regulatory body governing its activities.



Sec. 120.631  Suspension or termination of Pool Assembler.

    (a) Suspension or termination. The AA/FA may suspend a Pool 
Assembler from operating in the Secondary Market for up to 18 months or 
terminate its status as a Pool Assembler, if the Pool Assembler (and/or 
its Associates):
    (1) Does not comply with any of the requirements in Sec. 120.630 (a) 
and (c);
    (2) Has been indicted or otherwise formally charged with, or 
convicted of, a misdemeanor or felony;
    (3) Has received an adverse civil judgment that it has committed a 
breach of trust or a violation of a law or regulation protecting the 
integrity of business transactions or relationships;
    (4) Has not formed a Pool for at least three years; or
    (5) Is under investigation by its regulating authority for 
activities which may affect its fitness to participate in the Secondary 
Market.
    (b) Suspension procedures. The AA/FA shall notify a Pool Assembler 
by certified mail, return receipt requested, of the decision to suspend 
and the reasons therefore at least 10 business days prior to the 
effective date of the suspension. The Pool Assembler may appeal the 
suspension made under this section pursuant to the procedures set forth 
in part 134 of this chapter. The action of the AA/FA shall remain in 
effect pending resolution of the appeal.
    (c) Notice of termination. In order to terminate a Pool Assembler, 
the AA/FA must issue an order to show cause why the SBA should not 
terminate the Pool Assembler's participation in the Secondary Market. 
The Pool Assembler may appeal the termination made under this section 
pursuant to procedures set forth in part 134 of this chapter. The action 
of the AA/FA shall remain in effect pending resolution of the appeal.

                        Miscellaneous Provisions



Sec. 120.640  Administration of the Pool and Individual Certificates.

    (a) FTA responsibility. The FTA has the responsibility to administer 
each Pool or Individual Certificate. It shall maintain a registry of 
Registered Holders and other information as SBA requires.
    (b) Self-liquidating. Each Pool or individual guaranteed portion of 
a loan in the Secondary Market is self-liquidating because of Borrower 
payments or prepayments, redemption by SBA, and/or payments by SBA or 
the Lender after default by the Borrower. Substitution of the guaranteed 
portions of existing loans for defaulted loans is not permitted.
    (c) SBA's right to subrogation. If SBA pays a claim under a 
guarantee with respect to a Certificate issued under this subpart, it 
must be subrogated fully to the rights satisfied by such payment.
    (d) SBA ownership rights not limited. No Federal, State or local law 
can preclude or limit the exercise by SBA of its ownership rights in the 
portions of loans constituting the Pool against which the Certificates 
are issued.



Sec. 120.641  Disclosure to purchasers.

    (a) Information to purchaser. Prior to any sale, the Pool Assembler, 
Registered Holder of an Individual Certificate, or any subsequent seller 
must disclose to the purchaser, verbally or in writing, information on 
the terms, conditions, and yield as described in the SBA Secondary 
Market Program Guide.
    (b) Information on transfer document. The seller must provide the 
same information described in paragraph (a) of this section in writing 
on the transfer document when the seller submits it to

[[Page 174]]

the FTA. After the sale of an Individual Certificate, the FTA will 
provide the disclosure information in writing to the purchaser.
    (c) Information in prospectus. If the Registered Holder is a trust, 
investment Pool, mutual fund or other security, it must disclose the 
information in paragraph (a) of this section to investors through a 
prospectus and other promotional material if an Individual Certificate 
or Pool Certificate is placed into or used as the backing for the 
investment vehicle.



Sec. 120.642  Requirements before the FTA issues Pool Certificates.

    Before the FTA issues any Pool Certificate, the Pool Assembler must 
deliver to it the following documents:
    (a) A properly completed Pool application form;
    (b) Either:
    (1) Individual Certificates evidencing the guaranteed portions 
comprising the Pool; or
    (2) An executed SPGA and related documentation for the loans whose 
guaranteed portions are to be part of the Pool; and
    (c) Any other documentation which SBA may require.



Sec. 120.643  Requirements before the FTA issues Individual Certificates.

    (a) FTA issuance of initial Certificate. Before the FTA can issue 
the Individual Certificate for a guaranteed portion of a loan, the 
original seller must provide the following documents to the FTA:
    (1) An executed SPGA;
    (2) A copy of the note representing the guaranteed loan; and
    (3) Any other documentation which SBA may require.
    (b) Review of documentation. SBA may review or require the FTA to 
review any documentation before the FTA issues a Certificate.



Sec. 120.644  Transfers of Certificates.

    (a) General rule. Certificates are transferable. Transfers in the 
Secondary Market must comply with Article 8 of the Uniform Commercial 
Code of the State of New York. The seller must use the detached form of 
assignment (SBA Form 1088), unless the seller and purchaser choose to 
use another form which the SBA approves. The FTA may refuse to issue a 
Certificate until it is satisfied that the documents of transfer are 
complete.
    (b) Transfer on FTA records. In order for the transfer of a 
Certificate to be effective the FTA must reflect it on its records.
    (c) Contents of letter of transmittal accompanying the transfer of 
Certificates. (1) A letter of transmittal must accompany each 
Certificate which a Registered Holder submits to the FTA for transfer. 
The Registered Holder must supply the following information in the 
letter:
    (i) Pool number, if applicable;
    (ii) Certificate number;
    (iii) Name of purchaser of Certificate;
    (iv) Address and tax identification number of the purchaser;
    (v) Name and telephone number of the person handling or facilitating 
the transfer;
    (vi) Instructions for the delivery of the new Certificate.
    (2) The Registered Holder must also send the fee which the FTA 
charges for this service. The FTA will supply fee information to the 
Registered Holder.
    (d) Lender cannot purchase guaranteed portion of loan it made. The 
Lender (or its Associate) that made a 7(a) guaranteed loan cannot 
purchase the guaranteed portion of that loan in the Secondary Market. If 
a Lender does purchase the guaranteed portion of one of its own loans, 
it shall not have the unconditional guarantee of SBA.



Sec. 120.645  Redemption of Certificates.

    (a) Redemption of Individual Certificate. The prepayment of the 
underlying loan or a default on such loan will trigger the redemption of 
the Certificate by FTA/SBA in accordance with the procedures prescribed 
in the SPGA.
    (b) Redemption of Pool Certificate. The FTA and SBA may redeem a 
Pool Certificate because of prepayment or default of all loans in a 
Pool.



Sec. 120.650  Registration duties of FTA in Secondary Market.

    The FTA registers all Certificates. This means it issues, transfers 
title to,

[[Page 175]]

and redeems them. All financial transactions relating to a guaranteed 
portion of a loan flow through the FTA. In fulfilling its obligation to 
keep the central registry current, the FTA may, with SBA's approval, 
obtain any necessary information from the parties involved in the 
Secondary Market.



Sec. 120.651  Claim to FTA by Registered Holder to replace Certificate.

    (a) To replace a Certificate because of loss, theft, destruction, 
mutilation, or defacement, the Registered Holder must:
    (1) Give the FTA information about the Certificate and the facts 
relating to the claim;
    (2) File an indemnity bond acceptable to SBA and the FTA with a 
surety to protect the interests of SBA and the FTA;
    (3) Pay the FTA its fee to replace a Certificate; and
    (4) Use an affidavit of loss (form available from the FTA) to 
report:
    (i) The name and address of the Registered Holder (and the name and 
capacity of any representative actually filing the claim);
    (ii) The Certificate by Pool number, if applicable;
    (iii) The Certificate number;
    (iv) The original principal amount;
    (v) The name in which the Certificate was registered;
    (vi) Any assignment, endorsement or other writing on the 
Certificate; and
    (vii) A statement of the circumstances of the theft or loss.
    (b) When the FTA receives notice of the theft or loss, it will stop 
any transfer of the Certificate. The Registered Holder must send to the 
FTA all available portions of a mutilated or defaced Certificate. When 
the Registered Holder completes these steps, the FTA will replace the 
Certificate.



Sec. 120.652  FTA fees.

    The FTA may charge reasonable servicing fees, transfer fees, and 
other fees as the SBA and FTA may negotiate under contract.

       Suspension or Revocation of Participant in Secondary Market



Sec. 120.660  Suspension or revocation.

    (a) Suspension or revocation of Lender, broker, dealer, or 
Registered Holder for violation of Secondary Market rules and 
regulations. The AA/FA may suspend or revoke the privilege of a Lender, 
broker, dealer, or Registered Holder to sell, purchase, broker, or deal 
in loans or Certificates for:
    (1) Committing a serious violation, in SBA's discretion, of:
    (i) The regulations governing the Secondary Market; or
    (ii) Any provisions in the contracts entered into by the parties, 
including SBA Forms 1085, 1086, 1088 and 1454; or
    (2) Knowingly submitting false or fraudulent information to the SBA 
or FTA.
    (b) Additional rules for suspension or revocation of broker or 
dealer. In addition to acting under paragraph (a) of this section, the 
AA/FA may suspend or revoke the privilege of any broker or dealer to 
sell or otherwise deal in Certificates in the Secondary Market if:
    (1) Its supervisory agency has revoked or suspended the broker or 
dealer from engaging in the securities business, or is investigating the 
firm or broker for a practice which SBA considers, in its sole 
discretion, to be relevant to the broker's or dealer's fitness to 
participate in the Secondary Market;
    (2) The broker or dealer has been indicted or otherwise formally 
charged with a misdemeanor or felony which bears on its fitness to 
participate in the Secondary Market; or
    (3) A civil judgment is entered holding that the broker or dealer 
has committed a breach of trust or a violation of any law or regulation 
protecting the integrity of business transactions or relationships.
    (c) Notice to suspend or revoke. The AA/FA shall notify the affected 
party in writing, providing the reasons therefore, at least 10 business 
days prior to the effective date of the suspension or revocation. The 
affected party may appeal the suspension or revocation made

[[Page 176]]

under this section pursuant to the procedures set forth in part 134 of 
this chapter. The action of the AA/FA will remain in effect pending 
resolution of the appeal. Revocation will last a minimum of five years.



               Subpart G--Microloan Demonstration Program



Sec. 120.700  What is the Microloan Program?

    The Microloan Demonstration Program assists women, low income 
individuals, minority entrepreneurs, and other small businesses which 
need small amounts of financial assistance. Under this program, SBA 
makes direct and guaranteed loans to Intermediaries (as defined below) 
who use the proceeds to make loans to eligible borrowers. SBA may also 
make grants under the program to Intermediaries and other qualified 
nonprofit entities to be used for marketing, management, and technical 
assistance to the program's target population.



Sec. 120.701  Definitions.

    (a) Deposit account is a demand, time, savings, passbook, or similar 
account maintained with an insured depository institution (not including 
an account evidenced by a Certificate of Deposit).
    (b) Economically Distressed Area is a county or equivalent division 
of local government of a state in which, according to the most recent 
available data from the United States Bureau of the Census, 40 percent 
or more of the residents have an annual income that is at or below the 
poverty level.
    (c) Grant is a Federal award of money, or property in lieu of money 
(including cooperative agreements) to an eligible grantee that must 
account for its use. The term does not include the provision of 
technical assistance, revenue sharing, loans, loan guarantees, interest 
subsidies, insurance, direct appropriations, or any fellowship or other 
lump sum award.
    (d) Insured depository institution has the same meaning as in 
section 3(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12 U.S.C. 1813(c).
    (e) Intermediary is an entity participating in the Microloan 
Demonstration Program which makes and services Microloans to eligible 
small businesses and which provides marketing, management, and technical 
assistance to its borrowers. It may be:
    (1) A private, nonprofit community development corporation or other 
entity;
    (2) A consortium of private, nonprofit community development 
corporations or other entities;
    (3) A quasi-governmental economic development entity, other than a 
state, county, municipal government or any agency thereof; or
    (4) An agency of or a nonprofit entity established by a Native 
American Tribal Government.
    (f) Microloan is a short-term, fixed interest rate loan of not more 
than $25,000 made by an Intermediary to an eligible small business.
    (g) Non-Federal sources are sources of funds other than the Federal 
Government and may include indirect costs or in-kind contributions paid 
for under non-Federal programs. Community Block Development Grants are 
considered non-Federal sources.
    (h) Specialized Intermediary is an Intermediary which maintains a 
portfolio of Microloans averaging $7,500 or less.



Sec. 120.702  Are there limitations on who can be an Intermediary or on where an Intermediary may operate?

    (a) Prior experience requirement. To be eligible to be an 
Intermediary, an organization must:
    (1) Have made and serviced short-term fixed rate loans of not more 
than $25,000 to newly established or growing small businesses for at 
least one year; and
    (2) Have at least one year of experience providing technical 
assistance to its borrowers.
    (b) Limitation to one state. An Intermediary may not operate in more 
than one state unless the AA/FA determines that it would be in the best 
interests of the small business community for it to operate across state 
lines.



Sec. 120.703  How does an organization apply to become an Intermediary?

    (a) Application Process. Organizations interested in becoming 
Intermediaries

[[Page 177]]

should contact SBA for information on the application process.
    (b) Documentation in support of application. The application must 
include a detailed narrative statement describing:
    (1) The types of businesses assisted in the past and those the 
applicant intends to assist with Microloans;
    (2) The average size of the loans made in the past and the average 
size of intended Microloans;
    (3) The extent to which the applicant will make Microloans to small 
businesses in rural areas;
    (4) The geographic area in which the applicant intends to operate, 
including a description of the economic and demographic conditions 
existing in the intended area of operations;
    (5) The availability and cost of obtaining credit for small 
businesses in the area;
    (6) The applicant's experience and qualifications in providing 
marketing, management, and technical assistance to small businesses; and
    (7) Any plan to use other technical assistance resources (such as 
counselors from the Service Corps of Retired Executives) to help 
Microloan borrowers.



Sec. 120.704  How are applications evaluated?

    (a) Evaluation criteria. In selecting Intermediaries, SBA will 
attempt to insure that Microloans are available to small businesses in 
all industries and particularly to small businesses located in urban and 
rural areas.
    (b) Preference for organizations which make very small loans. In 
selecting Intermediaries, SBA will give priority to applicants which 
maintain a portfolio of loans averaging $7,500 or less.
    (c) Consideration of quasi-governmental organizations. Generally, 
SBA will consider applications by quasi-governmental organizations only 
when it determines that program services for a particular geographic 
area would be best provided by such organization.



Sec. 120.705  What is a Specialized Intermediary?

    At the end of an Intermediary's first year of participation in the 
program, SBA will determine whether it qualifies as a Specialized 
Intermediary. An Intermediary qualifies as a Specialized Intermediary if 
it maintains a portfolio of Microloans averaging $7,500 or less. 
Specialized Intermediaries qualify for more favorable interest rates on 
SBA loans. If, after the first year, an Intermediary qualifies as a 
Specialized Intermediary, the special interest rate is applied 
retroactively to SBA loans made to the Intermediary. After the first 
year SBA will determine an Intermediary's qualifications as a 
Specialized Intermediary annually, based on its lending practices during 
the term of its participation in the program. Specialized Intermediaries 
also qualify for a greater amount of technical assistance grant funding.



Sec. 120.706  What are the terms and conditions of an Intermediary SBA loan?

    (a) Loan Amount. An Intermediary may not borrow more than $750,000 
in the first year of participation in the program. In subsequent years, 
the Intermediary's obligations to SBA may not exceed an aggregate of 
$2.5 million, subject to statutory limitations on the total amount of 
funds available per state.
    (b) Repayment terms. During the first year of the loan, an 
Intermediary is not required to make any payments, but interest accrues 
from the date that SBA disburses the loan proceeds to the Intermediary. 
After that, SBA will determine the periodic payments. The loan must be 
repaid within 10 years.
    (c) Interest rate. The interest rate is equal to the rate applicable 
to five-year obligations of the United States Treasury, adjusted to the 
nearest one-eighth percent, less 1.25 percent. However, the interest 
rate for Specialized Intermediaries is equal to the rate applicable to 
five-year obligations of the United States Treasury, adjusted to the 
nearest one-eighth percent, less two percent.
    (d) Collateral. As security for repayment of the SBA loan, an 
Intermediary must pledge to SBA a first lien position in the MRF 
(described below), LLRF (described below), and all notes receivable from 
Microloans.
    (e) Default. If for any reason an Intermediary is unable to make 
payment to

[[Page 178]]

SBA when due, SBA may accelerate maturity of the loan and demand payment 
in full. In this event, or if an Intermediary violates this part or the 
terms of its loan agreement, it must surrender possession of all 
collateral described in paragraph (d) of this section to SBA. The 
Intermediary is not obligated to pay SBA any loss or deficiency which 
may remain after liquidation of the collateral unless the loss was 
caused by fraud, negligence, violation of any of the ethical 
requirements of Sec. 120.140, or violation of any other provision of 
this part.
    (f) Fees. SBA does not charge Intermediaries any fees for loans 
under this Program. An Intermediary may, however, pay minimal closing 
costs to third parties, such as filing and recording fees.



Sec. 120.707  What conditions apply to loans by Intermediaries to Microloan borrowers?

    (a) General. An Intermediary may make Microloans to any small 
business eligible to receive financial assistance under this part. 
Proceeds from Microloans may be used only for working capital and 
acquisition of materials, supplies, furniture, fixtures, and equipment. 
SBA does not review Microloans for creditworthiness.
    (b) Amount and maturity. Generally, Intermediaries should not make a 
Microloan of more than $10,000 to any borrower. An Intermediary may not 
make a Microloan of more than $15,000 unless the borrower demonstrates 
that it is unable to obtain credit elsewhere at comparable interest 
rates and that it has good prospects for success. An Intermediary may 
not make a loan of more than $25,000, and no borrower may owe an 
Intermediary more than $25,000 at any one time. Each Microloan must be 
repaid within six years.
    (c) Interest rate. The maximum interest rate that can be charged a 
Microloan borrower is:
    (1) On loans of more than $7,500, the interest rate charged on the 
SBA loan to the Intermediary, plus 7.75 percentage points; and
    (2) On loans of $7,500 or less, the interest rate charged on the SBA 
loan to the Intermediary, plus 8.5 percentage points.



Sec. 120.708  What is the Intermediary's financial contribution?

    The Intermediary must contribute from non-Federal sources an amount 
equal to 15 percent of any loan that it receives from SBA. The 
contribution may not be borrowed. For purposes of this program, 
Community Development Block Grants are considered non-Federal sources.



Sec. 120.709  What is the Microloan Revolving Fund?

    The Microloan Revolving Fund (``MRF'') is an interest-bearing 
Deposit Account into which an Intermediary must deposit the proceeds 
from SBA loans, its contributions from non-Federal sources, and payments 
from its Microloan borrowers. An Intermediary may only withdraw from 
this account the money needed to establish the Loan Loss Reserve Fund 
(Sec. 120.710), proceeds for each Microloan it makes, and any payments 
to be made to SBA.



Sec. 120.710  What is the Loan Loss Reserve Fund?

    (a) General. The Loan Loss Reserve Fund (``LLRF'') is an interest-
bearing Deposit Account which an Intermediary must establish to pay any 
shortage in the MRF caused by delinquencies or losses on Microloans. An 
Intermediary must maintain the LLRF until it has repaid all obligations 
it owes SBA.
    (b) Level of Loan Loss Reserve Fund in first year. In an 
Intermediary's first year, the balance on deposit in the LLRF must equal 
not less than 15 percent of the total outstanding balance of all notes 
receivable owed by its Microloan borrowers.
    (c) Level of Loan Loss Reserve Fund in subsequent years. In all 
subsequent years, an Intermediary must maintain a balance on deposit in 
the LLRF at a level which, at a minimum, reflects its loss experience as 
determined by SBA. However, the maximum amount required in the LLRF will 
not exceed 15 percent of the total outstanding balance owed by an 
Intermediary's Microloan borrowers.

[[Page 179]]



Sec. 120.711  What rules govern Intermediaries?

    Intermediaries must operate in accordance with applicable statutes, 
regulations, policy notices, SBA's Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), 
and the information in the application.



Sec. 120.712  How does an Intermediary get a grant to assist Microloan borrowers?

    (a) General. An Intermediary is eligible to receive grant funding 
from SBA of not more than 25 percent of the outstanding balance of all 
SBA loans to the Intermediary. The Intermediary must contribute, solely 
from non-Federal sources, an amount equal to 25 percent of the grant. 
Contributions may be made in cash or in kind.
    (b) Limitations on grant funds. An Intermediary may not borrow its 
contribution. It may only use grant funds to provide Microloan borrowers 
with marketing, management, and technical assistance, except that:
    (1) Up to 15 percent of the grant funds may be used to provide 
information and technical assistance to prospective Microloan borrowers; 
and
    (2) Grant monies may be used to attend training required by SBA. 
Intermediaries may not enter into third party contracts for the 
provision of technical assistance to program clients.
    (c) Exception to contribution requirement. Intermediaries which make 
at least 50 percent of their loans to small businesses located in or 
owned by residents of Economically Distressed Areas are not subject to 
the contribution requirement in paragraph (a) of this section.
    (d) Intermediaries eligible to receive additional grant monies. An 
Intermediary may receive an additional SBA grant equal to five percent 
of the outstanding balance of all loans received from SBA (with no 
obligation to contribute additional matching funds) if:
    (1) The Intermediary makes at least 25 percent of its loans to small 
businesses located in or owned by residents of an Economically 
Distressed Area; or
    (2) The Intermediary is a Specialized Intermediary.
    (e) SBA will determine an Intermediary's eligibility for all grants 
under this section separately for each loanmaking office or site.



Sec. 120.713  Does SBA provide technical assistance to Intermediaries?

    SBA may procure technical assistance for an Intermediary to improve 
its knowledge, skill, and understanding of microlending by awarding a 
grant to a more experienced Intermediary. SBA may also obtain such 
assistance for prospective Intermediaries in areas of the country that 
are either not served or underserved by an existing Intermediary.



Sec. 120.714  How does a non-Intermediary get a grant?

    (a) Grant procedure for non-Intermediaries. Any nonprofit entity 
that is not an Intermediary may apply to SBA for a grant to provide 
marketing, management and technical assistance to low-income individuals 
for the purpose of assisting them in obtaining private sector financing 
in amounts of $25,000 or less. To qualify, it must submit information 
regarding its ability to provide this assistance. If approved, the grant 
agreement will establish the terms and conditions for the grant.
    (b) Number and amounts of grants. In each year of the Microloan 
Program, SBA may make no more than 25 grants to non-Intermediaries for 
terms of up to five years. A grant may not exceed $125,000.
    (c) Contribution by nonprofit entity. The nonprofit entity must 
contribute an amount equal to 20 percent of the grant. The contribution 
from the nonprofit entity must come solely from non-Federal sources, and 
may include direct costs or in-kind contributions paid for under non-
Federal programs.



Sec. 120.715  Does SBA guarantee any loans an Intermediary obtains from another source?

    (a) SBA may guarantee not less than 90 percent of no more than 10 
loans by for-profit or nonprofit entities (or an alliance of such 
entities) to Intermediaries located in urban areas and no more than 10 
loans by such entities to Intermediaries located in Rural Areas (as 
defined in Sec. 120.10).
    (b) Any loan guaranteed by SBA under this section will have a term 
of

[[Page 180]]

10 years. If an Intermediary receives such a loan, it will not need to 
repay any principal or interest during the first year, although the 
interest will accrue. During the second through fifth years, the 
Intermediary will pay interest only. During the sixth through tenth 
years, it will pay interest and fully amortize the principal.
    (c) The interest rate on any loan under this section shall be 
calculated as described in Sec. 120.706.



            Subpart H--Development Company Loan Program (504)



Sec. 120.800  What is the purpose of the 504 program?

    As authorized by Congress, SBA has established this program to 
foster economic development, create or preserve job opportunities, and 
stimulate growth, expansion, and modernization of small businesses.



Sec. 120.801  How is a 504 Project financed?

    (a) A small business may apply for 504 financing through the CDC 
serving the area in which the 504 Project is located. SBA issues an 
Authorization if it agrees to guarantee part of the funding for a 
Project.
    (b) Usually, a Project requires interim financing from an interim 
lender (often the same lender that later provides a portion of the 
permanent financing).
    (c) Generally, permanent financing of the Project consists of:
    (1) A contribution by the small business in an amount of at least 10 
percent of the Project costs;
    (2) A loan made with the proceeds of a CDC Debenture for up to 40 
percent of the Project costs and certain administrative costs, 
collateralized by a second lien on the Project Property; and
    (3) A private sector loan comprising the balance of the financing, 
collateralized by a first lien on the Project property.
    (d) The Debenture is guaranteed 100 percent by SBA (with the full 
faith and credit of the United States), and sold to Underwriters who 
form Debenture Pools. Investors purchase interests in Debenture Pools 
and receive Certificates representing ownership of all or part of a 
Debenture Pool. SBA and CDCs use various agents to facilitate the sale 
and service of the Certificates and the orderly flow of funds among the 
parties.



Sec. 120.802  Definitions.

    The following terms have the same meaning wherever they are used in 
this subpart. Defined terms are capitalized wherever they appear.
    Area of Operations is a geographic area in which a CDC conducts its 
activities.
    Associate Development Company (ADC) is an entity approved by SBA to 
assist CDCs to deliver 504 financing.
    Central Servicing Agent (CSA) is an entity that receives and 
disburses funds among the various parties involved in 504 financing 
under a master servicing agent agreement with SBA.
    Certificate is a document issued by SBA or its agent representing 
ownership of all or part of a Debenture Pool.
    Debenture is an obligation issued by a CDC and guaranteed 100 
percent by SBA, the proceeds of which are used to fund a 504 loan.
    Debenture Pool is an aggregation of Debentures.
    Investor is an owner of a beneficial interest in a Debenture Pool.
    Job Opportunity is a full time (or equivalent) permanent job created 
within two years of receipt of 504 funds, or retained in the community 
because of a 504 loan.
    Net Debenture Proceeds are the portion of Debenture proceeds that 
finance eligible Project costs (excluding administrative costs).
    Project is the purchase or lease, and/or improvement or renovation 
of long-term fixed assets by a small business, with 504 financing, for 
use in its business operations.
    Project Property is one or more long-term fixed assets, such as 
land, buildings, machinery, and equipment, acquired or improved by a 
small business, with 504 financing, for use in its business operations.
    Third Party Loan is a loan from a commercial or private lender, 
investor, or Federal (non-SBA), State or local government source as part 
of the Project financing.

[[Page 181]]

    Underwriter is an entity approved by SBA to form Debenture Pools and 
arrange for the sale of Certificates.

                Certification Procedures to Become a CDC



Sec. 120.810  Applications for certification as a CDC.

    (a) Applicants for certification as a CDC must apply to the SBA 
District Office serving a proposed Area of Operations. An applicant must 
demonstrate that it satisfies the certification and operating criteria 
in Secs. 120.820 through 120.829, as well as:
    (1) The need for 504 services (if there is already a CDC in the Area 
of Operations, the applicant must justify the need for another and 
present a plan to avoid duplication or overlap);
    (2) A budget, approved by its Board of Directors; and
    (3) A plan to meet CDC operating requirements (without specializing 
in a particular industry).
    (b) The AA/FA, with the recommendation of each District Office in 
the applicant's proposed Area of Operations, shall make the 
certification decision.



Sec. 120.811  Public notice of CDC certification application.

    (a) As part of the application process, the applicant must publish a 
notice in a general circulation newspaper in the proposed Area of 
Operations, including the name and location of the proposed CDC, its 
purpose and Area of Operations, and the names and addresses of its 
officers and directors. The applicant shall send a copy of the notice to 
SBA. The notice shall provide the public at least 30 days to submit 
written comments to the District Office. The SBA shall consider the 
comments in making its decision on the application.
    (b) CDCs serving the proposed Area of Operations shall be directly 
notified and given at least 30 days to comment.



Sec. 120.812  Probationary period for newly certified CDCs.

    (a) Newly certified CDCs will be on probation for a period of two 
years, at the end of which the CDC must petition for:
    (1) Permanent CDC status;
    (2) A single, one-year extension of probation; or
    (3) ADC status.
    (b) SBA will consider failure to file a petition before the end of 
the probationary period as a withdrawal from the 504 program. If the CDC 
elects ADC status or withdrawal, it must transfer all funded and/or 
approved loans to another CDC, SBA, or another servicer approved by SBA.

            Requirements for CDC Certification and Operation



Sec. 120.820  CDC non-profit status.

    A CDC must be a non-profit corporation (or limited liability 
company) in good standing. (For-profit CDCs certified by SBA prior to 
January 1, 1987 may retain their certifications.) An SBIC may not become 
a CDC.



Sec. 120.821  CDC Area of Operations.

    A CDC must have a designated Area of Operations, specified by the 
CDC and approved by SBA. There can be only one statewide CDC in each 
state, which must foster economic development throughout the state and 
provide 504 assistance to areas not adequately served by other CDCs.



Sec. 120.822  CDC membership.

    A CDC must have at least 25 members (or stockholders for for-profit 
CDCs approved prior to January 1, 1987). No person or entity may own or 
control more than 10 percent of the CDC's voting membership (or stock). 
Members must be representative of and provide evidence of active support 
in the Area of Operations. Members must be from each of the following 
groups:
    (a) Government organizations responsible for economic development in 
the Area of Operations and acceptable to SBA;
    (b) Financial institutions that provide commercial long-term fixed 
asset financing in the Area of Operations;
    (c) Community organizations dedicated to economic development in the 
Area of Operations such as chambers of commerce, foundations, trade 
associations, colleges, or universities; and
    (d) Businesses in the Area of Operations.

[[Page 182]]



Sec. 120.823  CDC Board of Directors.

    The CDC must have a Board of Directors chosen from the membership by 
the members, and representing at least three of the four membership 
groups. No single group shall control. The Board members must be 
responsible officials of the organizations they represent, and at least 
one must possess commercial lending experience. The Board must meet at 
least quarterly and shall be responsible for CDC staff decisions and 
actions. A quorum shall require at least 5 Directors. If there is a vote 
on loan approval or servicing actions, at least one Board member with 
commercial loan experience approved by SBA must be present and vote. As 
an alternative, the Board may obtain the recommendation of another 
person approved by SBA and possessing commercial lending experience.



Sec. 120.824  Professional management and staff.

    A CDC must have full-time professional management, including an 
Executive Director (or the equivalent) managing daily operations. It 
must also have a full-time professional staff qualified by training and 
experience to market the 504 Program, package and process loan 
applications, close loans, service the loan portfolio, and sustain a 
sufficient level of service and activity in the Area of Operations.
    (a) Contracting out to third parties. CDCs may obtain, under 
contract, marketing, packaging, processing, and servicing services from 
qualified Lender Service Providers, as that term is defined in part 103 
of this chapter, located in the Area of Operations, subject to SBA's 
prior written approval. CDCs may contract for outside legal and 
accounting services without SBA approval. Compensation under all such 
contracts must be reasonable and customary for similar services in the 
Area of Operations. SBA may audit the contracts.
    (b) Contracting out to other CDCs. CDCs may contract with other CDCs 
for specific services, subject to SBA's prior written approval.



Sec. 120.825  Financial ability to operate.

    A CDC must be able to sustain its operations continuously, with 
reliable sources of funds (such as income from services rendered and 
contributions from government or other sponsors).



Sec. 120.826  Basic requirements for operating a CDC.

    A CDC must operate in accordance with applicable statutes, 
regulations, policy notices, SBA's SOPs, and the information in its 
application. It must supply to SBA current and accurate information 
about all certification and operational requirements, and maintain the 
records and submit the reports required by SBA.



Sec. 120.827  Services a CDC provides to small businesses.

    (a) A CDC must operate in and adequately service its Area of 
Operations. It must market the 504 program, package and process 504 loan 
applications, and close and service 504 loans. A CDC's loan portfolio 
must be diversified by business sector.
    (b) A CDC may provide small businesses with financial and technical 
assistance, or may help small businesses obtain such assistance from 
other sources, including preparing, closing, and servicing loans under 
contract with Lenders in SBA's 7(a) program.
    (c) A CDC also may loan amounts to the Borrower equal to the value 
of all or part of the Borrower's contribution to a Project in the form 
of cash or land, including site improvements, previously acquired by the 
CDC.



Sec. 120.828  Minimum level of CDC lending activity.

    A CDC must provide at least two 504 loan approvals each full fiscal 
year.



Sec. 120.829  Job Opportunity average a CDC must maintain.

    (a) A CDC's portfolio must reflect an average of one Job Opportunity 
per $35,000 of 504 loan funding. The AA/FA may permit a CDC to average 
up to one per $45,000 for good cause in:
    (1) Alaska;
    (2) Hawaii;
    (3) State-designated urban or rural jobs and enterprise zones;
    (4) Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Communities; and

[[Page 183]]

    (5) Labor Surplus Areas listed in the Department of Labor's 
publication ``Area Trends.''
    (b) A CDC must indicate in its annual report the Job Opportunities 
actually or estimated to be provided by each Project.
    (c) If a CDC does not maintain the required average, it may retain 
its certification if it justifies to SBA's satisfaction its failure to 
do so in its annual report and shows how it intends to attain the 
required average.



Sec. 120.830  Reports a CDC must submit.

    A CDC must submit the following reports to SBA:
    (a) An annual report within 90 days after the end of the CDC's 
fiscal year, and such interim reports as SBA may require;
    (b) Resumes for all new Associates and staff;
    (c) Reports of involvement in any legal proceeding;
    (d) Changes in organizational status;
    (e) Changes in any condition that affects its eligibility to 
continue to participate in the 504 program; and
    (f) Quarterly service reports on each loan in its portfolio which is 
60 days or more past due (and interim reports upon request by SBA).

                  Extending a CDC'S Area of Operations



Sec. 120.835  Application to extend an Area of Operations.

    SBA may expand a CDC's Area of Operations if the proposed Area of 
Operation is not being adequately served by existing CDC(s) and the 
expanding CDC is well-qualified to serve it. A CDC seeking to expand its 
Area of Operations must apply in writing to the SBA District Office 
serving the geographic area in which the CDC proposes to expand.
    (a) A CDC may submit an application to expand its Area of Operations 
if the existing CDCs serving the area have not averaged, over the last 
two years, at least one loan approval per 100,000 of general population 
in the Area of Operation. The one loan per 100,000 population 
requirement applies only to the area proposed for expansion, not the 
entire Area of Operations of the existing CDC or CDCs serving the 
expanded area.

    Example to paragraph (a) of this section. CDC A averages 0.8 loans 
per 100,000 of general population state-wide, but 1.2 loans per 100,000 
in city X. CDC B seeks to expand its Area of Operations only into city 
X. CDC B's application will be denied without further review because CDC 
A meets the 1 loan per 100,000 population requirement in the proposed 
expanded Area of Operation.

    (b) The application to expand must demonstrate to the satisfaction 
of SBA the expanding CDC's ability to provide full service to small 
businesses in the expanded territory, including processing, closing, 
servicing, and, if authorized, liquidating 504 loans. The expanding CDC 
must also demonstrate in its application that it will have a local 
presence and representation in the expanded Area of Operations before 
submitting any 504 loans for approval.



Sec. 120.836  Public notice and opportunity for response.

    SBA will notify all CDCs servicing the proposed area of expansion, 
allowing at least 30 days for the existing CDCs to respond to the 
District Office. The expanding CDC also must publish a notice in a 
general circulation newspaper in the proposed area of expansion, 
advising of its intent to expand and giving the public at least 30 days 
to comment to SBA. The burden of proof in opposing the application will 
be upon the existing CDC or CDCs to show why SBA should not grant the 
application for extension.



Sec. 120.837  SBA decision on application for extension.

    (a) The SBA District Office may consider any factor presented to it 
concerning the proposed area of expansion, the expanding CDC and its 
Area of Operations, and the existing CDC or CDCs serving the area, 
including the following: number of loan approvals per 100,000 of general 
population; number of loan approvals per 100,000 of small businesses; 
the density of small businesses; jobs created and retained; the number 
of 504 loan closings; the average 504 loan amount; urban, suburban, or 
rural character of the expanding area; the mix of small businesses; the 
prevailing economic conditions; servicing record

[[Page 184]]

and capabilities; currency rates; loss rates; other services provided to 
small businesses (technical and financial assistance); relationship with 
the local SBA office; and ties to and knowledge of the local community 
and its resources.
    (b) The SBA District Office will submit a recommendation, with any 
supporting materials, within 30 days of the end of the comment period to 
the AA/FA, who will make the final decision within 30 days of his or her 
receipt of the District Office's recommendation. In making its decision, 
SBA will consider all information submitted to it, as well as the 
currency of the expanding CDC's portfolio, including the default rate.



Sec. 120.838  Expiration of existing, temporary expansions.

    All existing, temporary expansions of Areas of Operation shall 
expire 6 months after March 1, 1996, unless a CDC applies for permanent 
expansion before the expiration date.



Sec. 120.839  Case-by-case extensions.

    (a) A CDC may apply to make an individual loan for a Project outside 
its Area of Operations to the District Office serving the area in which 
the Project will be located if:
    (1) The applicant CDC has previously assisted the business to obtain 
a 504 loan;
    (2) The applicant small business or CDC can document in writing to 
the AA/FA specific circumstances that would prevent the existing CDC or 
CDCs serving the area from assisting the business adequately; or
    (3) The existing CDC or CDCs serving the area agree to permit the 
applicant CDC to make the loan.
    (b) The applicant CDC must demonstrate that it adequately can 
service the loan.
    (c) The AA/FA may approve the request for good cause shown.

[61 FR 3235, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 7986, Mar. 1, 1996]

                    Accredited Lenders Program (ALP)



Sec. 120.840  Accredited Lenders Program.

    The SBA may designate a CDC as an Accredited Lender. SBA will 
provide an Accredited Lender with expedited loan processing or servicing 
action.
    (a) Applications. CDCs may apply to the SBA field office with which 
it is most active. The SBA office will send its recommendation and the 
application to the AA/FA for final decision.
    (b) Eligibility. In order to be eligible to receive Accredited 
Lender status, a CDC must have been an active participant in the 504 
loan program for not less than the preceding 12 months. In evaluating an 
application to be an Accredited Lender, SBA will consider all relevant 
factors, including:
    (1) The CDC's ability to work with the local SBA office;
    (2) The quality of past performance; and
    (3) The quality of the loan portfolio, including the default rate.
    (c) Term of designation. CDCs will be designated as ALPs for a two 
year period, and are eligible to renew the designation for additional 
two year periods.
    (d) Suspension and revocation. The AA/FA may suspend or revoke ALP 
designation upon written notice stating the reasons therefore at least 
10 business days prior to the effective date of the suspension or 
revocation. Reasons for suspension or revocation may include loan 
performance unacceptable to SBA or violations of applicable statutes, 
regulations or published SBA policies and procedures. An ALP may appeal 
the suspension or revocation made under this section pursuant to the 
procedures set forth in part 134 of this chapter. The action of the AA/
FA shall remain in effect pending resolution of the appeal.

                    Premier Certified Lenders Program



Sec. 120.845  Premier Certified Lenders Program (PCLP).

    The SBA has established a pilot program to designate a number of 
CDCs as Premier Certified Lenders (``Premier CDCs''), and to authorize 
them to approve, close, service, foreclose, litigate, and liquidate 504 
loans subject to SBA regulations, procedures, and policies. A Premier 
CDC's authority to approve loans under the Program is subject to SBA's 
determination that the loan and

[[Page 185]]

Borrower meet SBA's eligibility requirements.
    (a) PCLP loan approvals. A Premier CDC notifies SBA of its approval 
of a PCLP loan by submitting appropriate documentation to SBA's loan 
processing center. SBA will notify the Premier CDC of the SBA loan 
number (if it does not identify a problem with eligibility, and funds 
are available).
    (b) Premier CDC Exposure. A Premier CDC must reimburse SBA for 10 
percent of any loss incurred by SBA as a result of a default by the 
Premier CDC on a Debenture issued under the PCLP (``Exposure'').
    (c) Loss reserve. A Premier CDC must establish a loss reserve to pay 
its Exposure to SBA.
    (1) Assets. A Premier CDC's loss reserve must be composed of any 
combination of: segregated funds on deposit in one or more federally 
insured depository institutions; or irrevocable letters of credit. All 
loss reserve deposits and letters of credit must be assigned by the 
Premier CDC to SBA in a manner acceptable to SBA. A Premier CDC's loss 
reserve deposits in an institution may exceed the institution's insured 
amount, but only if the institution is ``well capitalized'' as defined 
in regulations of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, as amended 
(12 CFR 325.103) (``well capitalized bank''). A loss reserve irrevocable 
letter of credit must (i) be issued by a well capitalized bank, (ii) 
have a term equal to or longer than the term of the financings it 
secures, and (iii) be otherwise acceptable to the SBA.
    (2) Contributions. A Premier CDC's loss reserve must total 1 percent 
of the Debentures it issues under the PCLP Program. A Premier CDC must 
contribute 50 percent of the required loss reserve attributable to each 
financing when the Debenture it issues to fund the financing is closed, 
25 percent within 1 year after the Debenture is closed, and 25 percent 
within 2 years after the Debenture is closed.
    (3) Reimbursement. SBA determines a Premier CDC's Exposure on a loan 
and withdraws the amount necessary to cover the Exposure. If, after full 
use of any assets in the loss reserve, there are not enough loss reserve 
assets to cover a Premier CDC's Exposure, the Premier CDC must pay SBA 
any difference between the Exposure and the loss reserve assets 
withdrawn by SBA to cover the Exposure within 45 days of a demand for 
payment by SBA.
    (4) Replenishment. If SBA withdraws assets from the loss reserve to 
cover a Premier CDC's Exposure, the CDC must replace the withdrawn loss 
reserve assets within 30 days of the withdrawal with contributions equal 
to or greater than the amount of the assets withdrawn.
    (5) Withdrawal. A Premier CDC may withdraw loss reserve assets 
attributable to any repaid Debenture upon written approval by SBA.
    (d) Review. SBA will review a Premier CDC's financings annually.
    (e) Suspension and revocation. The AA/FA may suspend or revoke a 
CDC's Premier designation upon written notice stating the reasons for 
the suspension or revocation at least 10 business days prior to the 
effective date of the suspension or revocation. Reasons for suspension 
or revocation may include loan performance unacceptable to SBA, failure 
to meet loss reserve or eligibility criteria, or violations of 
applicable statutes, regulations, or published SBA policies and 
procedures. A Premier CDC may appeal the suspension or revocation made 
under this section pursuant to the procedures set forth in part 134 of 
this chapter. The action of the AA/FA shall remain in effect pending 
resolution of the appeal.
    (f) Applications. A CDC may obtain information concerning this pilot 
program from the Office of Program Development in the Office of 
Financial Assistance at SBA's Headquarters. A CDC may submit its 
application to the SBA field office in which it is most active. The SBA 
field office will send the application with its recommendation to the 
AA/FA for a final decision.
    (g) Acceptance into program. When determining a CDC's application, 
SBA will consider the CDC's ability to work with the local SBA office 
and the quality of past performance.
    (h) Program period. The PCLP pilot program ends on October 1, 2000.

[63 FR 24740, May 5, 1998]

[[Page 186]]

                 Associate Development Companies (ADCs)



Sec. 120.850  ADC functions.

    (a) An ADC must support local economic development efforts. An ADC 
may package, close, and service loans for a CDC under a written contract 
approved by SBA. Such contracts must meet Service Provider criteria, and 
specify the rights and responsibilities of the parties (including 
payment terms). The CDC remains solely responsible to SBA for the 
processing, closing, and servicing of the loan. It may not charge the 
Borrower a higher fee because it is using the ADC's services.
    (b) An ADC must operate in accordance with statutes, regulations, 
policy notices, SBA's Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), and the 
information in its application. It must supply to SBA current and 
accurate information about all certification and operational 
requirements, and maintain the records required by SBA.



Sec. 120.851  ADC eligibility and operating requirements.

    (a) An ADC must demonstrate to SBA and maintain the following:
    (1) Adequate management ability;
    (2) A Board of Directors meeting at least quarterly and chosen from 
the membership by the members;
    (3) A professional staff, including at least one qualified full-time 
professional with small business lending experience available during 
regular business hours; and
    (4) A budget or financial statements showing the financial 
capability and funding to sustain continuing operations.
    (b) An ADC may contract out for staff services only if SBA gives 
prior approval. The contract, subject to SBA audit, may not be self-
serving, and compensation must be reasonable and customary.



Sec. 120.852  Suspension and revocation of ADCs.

    SBA may require corrective action, or the AA/FA may suspend or 
revoke ADC status upon written notice stating the reasons therefore at 
least 10 business days prior to the effective date of the suspension or 
revocation. Reasons for suspension or revocation may include violations 
of applicable statutes, regulations or published SBA policies and 
procedures. An ADC may appeal the suspension or revocation made under 
this section pursuant to the procedures set forth in part 134 of this 
chapter. The action of the AA/FA shall remain in effect pending 
resolution of the appeal.

                          Ethical Requirements



Sec. 120.855  CDC and ADC ethical requirements.

    CDCs, ADCs and their Associates must act ethically and exhibit good 
character. They must meet all of the ethical requirements of 
Sec. 120.140. In addition, they are subject to the following:
    (a) Any benefit flowing to an Associate or his or her employer from 
activities as an Associate must be merely incidental (this requirement 
does not prevent an Associate or an Associate's employer from engaging 
in a business relationship with the CDC and/or the Borrower in the 
regular course of business, including providing interim financing or 
Third-Party loans); and
    (b) Unless waived by SBA for good cause, an Associate may not be an 
officer, director, or manager of more than one CDC or ADC (except that 
the membership or Board of Directors of a broader-based CDC may include 
a member or director of a local CDC within its Area of Operations).

                   Project Economic Development Goals



Sec. 120.860  Required objectives.

    A Project must achieve at least one of the economic development 
objectives set forth in Sec. 120.861 or Sec. 120.862.



Sec. 120.861  Job creation or retention.

    A Project must create or retain one Job Opportunity for every 
$35,000 guaranteed by SBA.



Sec. 120.862  Other economic development objectives.

    A Project that achieves any of the following community development 
or public policy goals is eligible if the

[[Page 187]]

CDC's overall portfolio of 504 loans, including the subject loan, meets 
or exceeds the CDC's required Job Opportunity average. Loan applications 
must indicate how the Project will meet the specified economic 
development objective.
    (a) Community Development goals:
    (1) Improving, diversifying or stabilizing the economy of the 
locality;
    (2) Stimulating other business development;
    (3) Bringing new income into the community;
    (4) Assisting manufacturing firms (Standard Industrial 
Classification Manual (SIC) Codes 20-49); or
    (5) Assisting businesses in Labor Surplus Areas as defined by the 
Department of Labor.
    (b) Public Policy goals:
    (1) Revitalizing a business district of a community with a written 
revitalization or redevelopment plan;
    (2) Expanding exports;
    (3) Expanding Minority Enterprise development (See Sec. 124.103(b) 
of this chapter);
    (4) Aiding rural development;
    (5) Increasing productivity and competitiveness (retooling, 
robotics, modernization, competition with imports);
    (6) Modernizing or upgrading facilities to meet health, safety, and 
environmental requirements; or
    (7) Assisting businesses affected by Federal budget reductions, 
including base closings, either because of the loss of Federal contracts 
or the reduction in revenues due to a decreased Federal presence.

                 Leasing Policies Specific to 504 Loans



Sec. 120.870  Leasing Project Property.

    (a) A Borrower may use the proceeds of a 504 loan to acquire, 
construct, or modify buildings and improvements, and/or to purchase and 
install machinery and equipment located on land leased to the Borrower 
by the CDC or an unrelated lessor if:
    (1) The remaining term of the lease, including options to renew, 
exercisable solely by the lessee, equals or exceeds the term of the 
Debenture, or, in the case of machinery or equipment, equals or exceeds 
the useful life of the property or the term of the Debenture, whichever 
is lesser;
    (2) The Borrower assigns its interest in the lease to the CDC with 
right of reassignment to SBA; and
    (3) The 504 loan is secured by a recorded lien against the leasehold 
estate and other collateral as necessary.
    (b) If a CDC leases property to a small business, the rent paid by 
the small business during the term of the Debenture must be enough to 
pay principal and interest on all debt incurred by the CDC to finance 
the Project, and all related expenses. The rent also may include a 
reasonable return on the CDC's investment.



Sec. 120.871  Leasing part of an existing building to another business.

    (a) The costs of interior finishing of space to be leased out to 
another business are not eligible Project costs.
    (b) Third-party loan proceeds used to renovate the leased space do 
not count towards the 504 first mortgage requirement or the Borrower's 
contribution.

               Loan-Making Policies Specific to 504 Loans



Sec. 120.880  Basic eligibility requirements.

    In addition to the eligibility requirements specified in subpart A, 
to be an eligible Borrower for a 504 loan, a small business must:
    (a) Use the Project Property (except that an Eligible Passive 
Company may lease to an Operating Company); and
    (b) Together with its affiliates, meet one of the following size 
standards:
    (1) It does not have a tangible net worth in excess of $6 million, 
and does not have an average net income after Federal income taxes 
(excluding any carry-over losses) for the preceding two years in excess 
of $2 million; or
    (2) It meets the size standards in part 121 of this chapter for the 
industry in which it is primarily engaged.



Sec. 120.881  Ineligible Projects for 504 loans.

    In addition to the ineligible businesses and uses of proceeds 
specified in subpart A of this part, the following Projects are 
ineligible for 504 financing:

[[Page 188]]

    (a) Relocation of any of the operations of a small business which 
will cause a net reduction of one-third or more in the workforce of a 
relocating small business or a substantial increase in unemployment in 
any area of the country, unless the CDC can justify the loan because:
    (1) The relocation is for key economic reasons and crucial to the 
continued existence, economic wellbeing, and/or competitiveness of the 
applicant; and
    (2) The economic development benefits to the applicant and the 
receiving community outweigh the negative impact on the community from 
which the applicant is moving; and
    (b) Projects in foreign countries (loans financing real or personal 
property located outside the United States or its possessions).



Sec. 120.882  Eligible Project costs for 504 loans.

    Eligible Project costs which may be paid with the proceeds of 504 
loans are:
    (a) Costs directly attributable to the Project including 
expenditures incurred by the Borrower (with its own funds or from a 
loan):
    (1) To acquire land used in the Project prior to applying to SBA for 
the 504 loan; or
    (2) For any other expense toward a Project within nine months prior 
to receipt by SBA of a complete loan application, unless the time limit 
is extended or waived by SBA for good cause;
    (b) In Projects involving construction, a contingency reserve for 
cost overruns not to exceed 10 percent of construction cost;
    (c) Professional fees directly attributable and essential to the 
Project, such as title insurance, architecture, engineering, accounting, 
environmental studies, and legal fees (other than legal fees associated 
with the closing); and
    (d) Repayment of interim financing including points, fees and 
interest.



Sec. 120.883  Eligible administrative costs for 504 loans.

    The following costs and fees are not part of Project costs but may 
be paid with the proceeds of the 504 loan and the Debenture (see 
Sec. 120.971):
    (a) SBA guarantee fee;
    (b) Funding fee (to cover the cost of a public issuance of 
securities and the Trustee);
    (c) CDC processing fee;
    (d) Closing costs, other than legal fees; and
    (e) Underwriters fee.



Sec. 120.884  Ineligible costs for 504 loans.

    Costs not directly attributable and necessary for the Project may 
not be paid with proceeds of the 504 loan. These include, but are not 
limited to, the following:
    (a) Debt refinancing (other than interim financing).
    (b) Third-Party Loan fees (commitment, broker, finders, origination, 
processing fees of permanent financing).
    (c) Ancillary business expenses, such as:
    (1) Working capital;
    (2) Counseling or management services fees;
    (3) Incorporation/organization costs;
    (4) Franchise fees; and
    (5) Advertising.
    (d) Fixed-asset Project components, such as:
    (1) Short-term equipment, furniture, and furnishings (unless 
essential to and a minor portion of the Project);
    (2) Automobiles, trucks, and airplanes; and
    (3) Construction equipment (except for heavy duty construction 
equipment integral to a business' operations and meeting the IRS 
definition of capital equipment).
    (e) Closing legal fees.

                            Interim Financing



Sec. 120.890  Source of interim financing.

    A Project may use interim financing for all Project costs except the 
Borrower's contribution. Any source (including a CDC) may supply interim 
financing provided:
    (a) The financing is not derived from any SBA program, directly or 
indirectly;
    (b) The terms and conditions of the financing are acceptable to SBA;

[[Page 189]]

    (c) The source is not the Borrower or an Associate of the Borrower; 
and
    (d) The source has the experience and qualifications to monitor 
properly all Project construction and progress payments. (If the source 
lacks such experience or qualifications, SBA may require the interim 
loan to be managed by a third party such as a bank or professional 
construction manager.)



Sec. 120.891  Certifications of disbursement and completion.

    Before the Debenture is issued, the interim lender must certify the 
amount disbursed. The CDC must certify that the Project was completed in 
accordance with the final plans and specifications (except as provided 
in Sec. 120.961).



Sec. 120.892  Certifications of no adverse change.

    Following completion of the Project, the following certifications 
must be made before the 504 loan closing:
    (a) The interim lender must certify to the CDC that it has no 
knowledge of any unremedied substantial adverse change in the condition 
of the small business since the application to the interim lender;
    (b) The Borrower (or Operating Company) must certify to the CDC that 
there has been no unremedied substantial adverse change in its financial 
condition or its ability to repay the 504 loan since the date of 
application, and must furnish interim financial statements, current 
within 90 days of closing; and
    (c) The CDC must issue an opinion to the best of its knowledge that 
there has been no unremedied substantial adverse change in the 
Borrower's (or Operating Company's) ability to repay the 504 loan since 
its submission of the loan application to SBA.

                           Permanent Financing



Sec. 120.900  What are the sources of permanent financing?

    Permanent financing for each Project must come from three sources: 
the Borrower's contribution, Third-Party Loans, and the 504 loan. 
Typically, the Borrower contributes 10 percent of the permanent 
financing, Third-Party Loans 50 percent and the 504 loan 40 percent.

                       The Borrower's Contribution



Sec. 120.910  How much must the Borrower contribute?

    The Borrower must contribute to the Project cash (or property 
acceptable to SBA obtained with the cash) or land (that is part of the 
Project Property) valued at 10 percent or more of the Project cost 
(exclusive of administrative cost). The source of the contribution may 
be a CDC or any other source except an SBA business loan program (see 
Sec. 120.913 for SBIC exception).



Sec. 120.911  Land contributions.

    The Borrower's contribution may be land (including buildings, 
structures and other site improvements which will be part of the Project 
Property) previously acquired by the Borrower or the CDC.



Sec. 120.912  Borrowed contributions.

    The Borrower may borrow its cash contribution from the CDC or a 
third party. If any of the contribution is borrowed, the interest rate 
must be reasonable. If the loan is secured by any of the Project assets, 
the loan must be subordinate to the liens securing the 504 Loan, and the 
loan may not be repaid at a faster rate than the 504 Loan unless SBA 
gives prior written approval. A third party lender may not receive 
voting rights, stock options, or any other actual or potential voting 
interest in the small business.



Sec. 120.913  May an SBIC provide the contribution?

    Subject to part 107 of this chapter, SBIC's may provide financing 
for all or part of the Borrower's contribution to the project. SBA shall 
consider SBIC funds to be derived from federal sources if the SBIC has 
leverage (as defined in part 107 of this chapter). If the SBIC does not 
have leverage, the investment will be considered to be from private 
funds. SBIC financing must be subordinated to the 504 loan and may not 
be repaid at a faster rate than the Debenture.

[[Page 190]]

                            Third Party Loans



Sec. 120.920  The first lien position.

    The Borrower must obtain one or more Third Party Loans totaling at 
least as much as the 504 loan. Third Party Loans usually have the first 
lien position. They cannot be guaranteed by SBA.



Sec. 120.921  Terms of Third Party loans.

    (a) Maturity. A Third Party Loan must have a term of at least 7 
years when the 504 loan is for a term of 10 years and 10 years when the 
504 loan is for 20 years. If there is more than one Third Party Loan, an 
overall loan maturity must be calculated, taking into account the 
maturities and amounts of each loan. If there is a balloon payment, it 
must be justified in the loan report and clearly identified in the Loan 
Authorization.
    (b) Interest rates. Interest rates must be reasonable. SBA must 
establish and publish in the Federal Register a maximum interest rate 
for any Third Party Loan from commercial financial institutions. The 
rate shall remain in effect until changed.
    (c) Other terms. The Third Party Loan must not have any early call 
feature or contain any demand provisions unless the loan is in default. 
By participating, a Third Party Loan lender waives, as to the CDC/SBA 
financing, any provision in its deed of trust, or mortgage, or other 
documents prohibiting further encumbrances or subordinate debt. In the 
event of default, the Third Party Lender must give the CDC and SBA 
written notice of default within 30 days of the event of default and at 
least 60 days prior to foreclosure.
    (d) Subordination. A Third-Party Loan lienholder must subordinate to 
the CDC/SBA lien any future advance in excess of the outstanding 
principal balance and accrued interest of the Third Party Loan at the 
time of such advance except expenditures for collection, maintenance, 
and protection of the Third Party Loan lienholder's lien position.
    (e) Escalation upon default. A Third-Party Lender may not escalate 
the rate of interest upon default to an amount greater than the maximum 
rate set forth in paragraph (b) of this section.



Sec. 120.922  Pre-existing debt on the Project Property.

    In addition to its share of Project cost, a Third-Party Loan may 
include consolidation of existing debt on the Project Property. The 
consolidation must not improve the lien position of the Lender on the 
pre-existing debt, unless the debt is a previous Third-Party Loan.



Sec. 120.923  What are the policies on subordination?

    (a) Financing provided by the seller of Project Property must be 
subordinate to the 504 loan. SBA may waive the subordination requirement 
if the property is classified as ``other real estate owned'' by a 
national bank or other Federally regulated lender and SBA considers the 
property to be of sufficient value to support the 504 loan.
    (b) A Borrower is eligible for a 504 loan even if part of the 
Project financing is tax-exempt. SBA's lien position must not be 
subordinate to loans made from the proceeds of the tax-exempt 
obligation.



Sec. 120.924  Prepayment of subordinate financing.

    The Borrower must not prepay any Project financing subordinate to 
the 504 loan without SBA's prior written consent.



Sec. 120.925  Preferences.

    No Third Party Lender shall establish a Preference.



Sec. 120.926  Referral fee.

    The CDC may receive a referral fee from the Third Party Lender if 
the CDC secured the lender for the Borrower under a written contract. 
The Borrower cannot pay this fee. If a CDC charges a referral fee, the 
CDC will be construed as a Referral Agent under part 103 of this 
chapter.

                        504 Loans and Debentures



Sec. 120.930  Amount.

    (a) Generally, a 504 loan may not exceed 40 percent of total Project 
cost

[[Page 191]]

plus 100 percent of eligible administrative costs. For good cause shown, 
SBA may authorize an increase in the percentage of Project costs covered 
up to 50 percent. No more than 50 percent of eligible Project costs can 
be from Federal sources, whether received directly or indirectly through 
an intermediary.
    (b) Generally, the minimum 504 loan must be $50,000, although, upon 
good cause shown, SBA may permit a 504 loan as small as $25,000. The 
amount of the Debenture must equal the amount of the 504 Loan plus 
administrative costs.
    (c) Upon completion of the Project, the Debenture amount will be 
reduced by the amount that the unused contingency reserve exceeds 2 
percent of the anticipated Debenture.



Sec. 120.931  504 lending limits.

    The outstanding balance of all SBA financial assistance to a 
Borrower and its affiliates under the 504 program covered by this part 
must not exceed $750,000 ($1,000,000 if one or more of the public policy 
goals enumerated in Sec. 120.862(b) applies to the Project).



Sec. 120.932  Interest rate.

    The interest rate of the 504 Loan and the Debenture which funds it 
is set by the SBA and approved by the Secretary of the Treasury.



Sec. 120.933  Maturity.

    The term of a 504 Loan and the Debenture which funds it shall be 
either 10 or 20 years.



Sec. 120.934  Collateral.

    The CDC/SBA takes a junior lien position (usually a second lien) on 
the Project collateral. In rare circumstances, collateral other than the 
Project collateral may be accepted by SBA. Sometimes secondary 
collateral is required. All collateral must be insured against such 
hazards and risks as SBA may require, with provisions for notice to SBA 
and the CDC in the event of impending lapse of coverage.



Sec. 120.935  Deposit.

    At the time of application for a 504 loan, the CDC may require a 
deposit from the Borrower of $2,500 or 1 percent of the Net Debenture 
Proceeds, whichever is less. The deposit may be applied to the loan 
processing fee if the application is accepted, but must be refunded if 
the application is denied. If the small business withdraws its 
application, the CDC may deduct from the deposit reasonable costs 
incurred in packaging and processing the application.



Sec. 120.936  Subordination to CDC.

    SBA, in its sole discretion, may permit subordination of the 
Debenture to any other obligation of the CDC, except debt incurred by 
the CDC to obtain funds to loan to the Borrower for the Borrower's 
required contribution to the Project financing.



Sec. 120.937  Assumption.

    A 504 loan may be assumed with SBA's prior written approval.



Sec. 120.938  Default.

    (a) Upon occurrence of an event of default specified in the 504 note 
which requires automatic acceleration, the note becomes due and payable. 
Upon occurrence of an event of default which does not require automatic 
acceleration, SBA may forbear acceleration of the note and attempt to 
resolve the default. If the default is not cured subsequently, the note 
shall be accelerated. In either case, upon acceleration of the note, the 
Debenture which funded it is also due immediately, and SBA must honor 
its guarantee of the Debenture. SBA shall not reimburse the investor for 
any premium paid.
    (b) If a CDC defaults on a Debenture, SBA generally shall limit its 
recovery to the payments made by the small business to the CDC on the 
loan made from the Debenture proceeds, and the collateral securing the 
defaulted loan. However, SBA will look to the CDC for the entire amount 
of the Debenture in the case of fraud, negligence, or misrepresentation 
by the CDC.



Sec. 120.939  Borrower prohibition.

    Neither a Borrower nor an Associate of the Borrower may purchase an 
interest in a Debenture Pool in which the Debenture that funded its 504 
loan has been placed.

[[Page 192]]



Sec. 120.940  Prepayment of the 504 loan or Debenture.

    The Borrower may prepay its 504 loan, if it pays the entire 
principal balance, unpaid interest, any unpaid fees, and any prepayment 
premium established in the note. If the Borrower prepays, the CDC must 
prepay the corresponding Debenture with interest and premium. If one of 
the Debentures in a Debenture Pool is prepaid, the Investors in that 
Debenture Pool must be paid pro rata, and SBA's guarantee on the entire 
Debenture Pool must be proportionately reduced. If the entire Debenture 
Pool is paid off, SBA may call all Certificates backed by the Pool for 
redemption.



Sec. 120.941  Certificates.

    (a) The face value of a Certificate must be at least $25,000. 
Certificates are issued in registered form and transferred only by entry 
on the central registry maintained by the Trustee. SBA guarantees the 
timely payment of principal and interest on the Certificates.
    (b) Before the sale of a Certificate, the seller, or the broker or 
dealer acting as the seller's agent, must disclose to the purchaser the 
terms, conditions, yield, and premium and other characteristics not 
guaranteed by SBA.

                   Debenture Sales and Service Agents



Sec. 120.950  SBA and CDC must appoint agents.

    SBA and the CDC must appoint the following agents to facilitate the 
sale and service of the Certificates and disbursement of the proceeds.



Sec. 120.951  Selling agent.

    The CDC, with SBA approval, shall appoint a Selling Agent to select 
underwriters, negotiate the terms and conditions of Debenture offerings 
with the underwriters, and direct and coordinate Debenture sales.



Sec. 120.952  Fiscal agent.

    SBA shall appoint a Fiscal Agent to assess the financial markets, 
minimize the cost of sales, arrange for the production of the Offering 
Circular, Debenture Certificates, and other required documents, and 
monitor the performance of the Trustee and the underwriters.



Sec. 120.953  Trustee.

    SBA must appoint a Trustee to:
    (a) Issue Certificates;
    (b) Transfer the Certificates upon resale in the secondary market;
    (c) Maintain physical possession of the Debentures for SBA and the 
Certificate holders;
    (d) Establish and maintain a central registry of:
    (1) Debenture Pools, including the CDC obligors and the interest 
rate payable on the Debentures in each Pool;
    (2) Certificates issued or transferred, including the Debenture Pool 
backing the Certificate, name and address of the purchaser, price paid, 
the interest rate on the Certificate, and fees or charges assessed by 
the transferror; and
    (3) Brokers and dealers in Certificates, and the commissions, fees 
or discounts granted to the brokers and dealers;
    (e) Receive semi-annual Debenture payments and prepayments;
    (f) Make regularly scheduled and prepayment payments to Investors; 
and
    (g) Assure before any resale of a Debenture or Certificate is 
recorded in the registry that the seller has provided the purchaser a 
written disclosure statement approved by SBA.



Sec. 120.954  Central Servicing Agent.

    (a) SBA has entered into a Master Servicing Agreement designating a 
Central Servicing Agent (CSA) to support the orderly flow of funds among 
Borrowers, CDCs, and SBA. The CDC and Borrower must enter into an 
individual Servicing Agent Agreement with the CSA for each 504 loan, 
constituting acceptance by the CDC and the Borrower of the terms of the 
Master Servicing Agreement.
    (b) The CSA has established a master reserve account. All funds 
related to the 504 loans and Debentures flow through the master reserve 
account under the provisions of the Master Servicing Agreement. The 
master reserve account will be funded by a guarantee fee, a funding fee 
to be published from time to time in the Federal Register, and by 
principal and interest

[[Page 193]]

payments of 504 loans. At SBA's direction, the CSA may use funds in the 
master reserve account to defray program expenses. In the event a 
Borrower defaults and its 504 note is accelerated, SBA shall add funds 
under its guarantee to ensure the full and timely payment of the 
Debenture which funded the 504 loan. At SBA's direction, the CSA must 
pay to the CDC servicing each loan the interest accruing in the master 
reserve account on loan payments made by each Borrower between the date 
of receipt of each monthly payment and the date of disbursement to 
investors. The CSA may disburse such interest periodically to CDCs on a 
pro rata basis. SBA may use interest accruals in the master reserve 
account earned prior to October 1991 (not previously distributed to the 
CDCs) for the costs of 504 program administration.



Sec. 120.955  Agent bonds and records.

    (a) Each agent (in Secs. 120.951 through 120.954) must provide a 
fidelity bond or insurance in such amount as necessary to fully protect 
the interest of the government.
    (b) SBA must have access at the agent's place of business to all 
books, records and other documents relating to Debenture activities.



Sec. 120.956  Suspension or revocation of brokers and dealers.

    The AA/FA may suspend or revoke the privilege of any broker or 
dealer to participate in the sale or marketing of Debentures and 
Certificates for actions or conduct bearing negatively on the broker's 
fitness to participate in the securities market. SBA must give the 
broker or dealer written notice, stating the reasons therefore, at least 
10 business days prior to the effective date of the suspension or 
revocation. A broker or dealer may appeal the suspension or revocation 
made under this section pursuant to the procedures set forth in part 134 
of this chapter. The action of the AA/FA will remain in effect pending 
resolution of the appeal. SBA may suspend or revoke the opportunity for 
a hearing under part 134 of this chapter.

                                Closings



Sec. 120.960  Responsibility for closing.

    The CDC is responsible for the 504 Loan closing. The Debenture 
closing is the joint responsibility of the CDC and SBA.



Sec. 120.961  Construction escrow accounts.

    The CSA, title company, CDC attorney, or bank may hold Debenture 
proceeds in escrow to complete Project components such as landscaping 
and parking lots, and acquire machinery and equipment if the component 
or acquisition is a minor portion of the total Project and has been 
contracted for completion or delivery at a specified price and specific 
future date. The escrow agent must disburse funds upon approval by the 
CDC and the SBA, supported by invoices and payable jointly to the small 
business and the designated contractor.

                           Servicing and Fees



Sec. 120.970  Servicing of 504 loans and Debentures.

    The CDC must service the 504 loan in accordance with the Loan 
Authorization, these regulations, SBA policies and procedures, and 
prudent lending standards until paid in full, including review of the 
small business's financial statements, tax filings, insurance, and 
security filings. In doing so, CDCs must comply with the provisions of 
Sec. 120.513. In addition, CDCs must comply with the servicing 
requirements set forth in SBA's SOP. CDCs must report promptly to SBA 
any adverse trend, condition or information relevant to a Borrower. Upon 
request by a CDC, SBA may agree to defer a Borrower's monthly payment. 
SBA may negotiate agreements with CDCs to liquidate loans.



Sec. 120.971  Allowable fees paid by Borrower.

    (a) CDC fees. CDCs may charge the following fees to the Borrower:
    (1) Processing fee. The CDC may charge up to 1.5 percent of the net 
Debenture proceeds to process the financing. Two-thirds of this fee will 
be considered earned and may be collected by the CDC when the 
Authorization for

[[Page 194]]

the Debenture is issued by SBA. The portion of the processing fee paid 
by the Borrower may be reimbursed from the Debenture proceeds;
    (2) Closing fee. The CDC may charge a fee to cover an amount 
sufficient to reimburse it for reasonable legal expenses of in-house or 
outside legal counsel. The CDC may also charge a fee to cover reasonable 
miscellaneous closing costs. Closing costs, other than legal fees, may 
be funded out of the Debenture proceeds;
    (3) Servicing fee. The CDC will charge a monthly servicing fee of 
not less than 0.5 percent per annum nor more than 2 percent per annum on 
the unpaid balance of the loan as determined at five-year anniversary 
intervals. A servicing fee in excess of 1.5 percent in a Rural Area and 
1 percent everywhere else requires SBA's prior written approval, based 
on evidence of substantial need. The servicing fee may be paid only from 
loan payments received. The fees may be accrued without interest and 
collected from the CSA when the payments are made;
    (4) Late fees. Loan payments received after the 15th of each month 
may be subject to a late payment fee of 5 percent of the late payment or 
$100, whichever is greater. These fees will be collected by the CSA on 
behalf of the CDC; and
    (5) Assumption fee. Upon SBA's written approval, a CDC may charge an 
assumption fee not to exceed 1 percent of the outstanding principal 
balance of the loan being assumed.
    (b) CSA fees. The CSA may charge an initiation fee on each loan and 
a monthly servicing fee under the terms of the Master Servicing 
Agreement.
    (c) Other agent fees. Agent fees and charges necessary to market and 
service Debentures and Certificates may be assessed to the Borrower or 
the investor. The fees must be approved by SBA and published 
periodically in the Federal Register.
    (d) SBA fees. (1) SBA charges a 0.5 percent guarantee fee on the 
Debenture.
    (2) For those loans approved after October 1, 1995, SBA charges a 
fee of 0.125 per annum on the unpaid principal balance of the loan as 
determined at five-year anniversary intervals.
    (e) Miscellaneous fees. A funding fee not to exceed 0.25 percent of 
the Debenture may be charged to cover costs incurred by the trustee, 
fiscal agent, transfer agent.



Sec. 120.972  Oversight and evaluation of CDCs and ADCs.

    SBA may conduct an operational review of a CDC or ADC. The SBA 
Office of Inspector General may conduct, supervise or coordinate audits 
pursuant to the Inspector General Act. The CDC or ADC must cooperate and 
make its staff, records, and facilities available.

                 CDC Transfer, Suspension and Revocation



Sec. 120.980  Transfer of CDC to ADC status.

    SBA shall transfer to ADC status any CDC that fails to meet the 
activity level required by SBA, on average over two consecutive fiscal 
years. SBA shall notify the CDC in writing of the action and of the 
opportunity for a hearing pursuant to part 134 of this chapter at least 
10 business days prior to the transfer. During the pendency of a 
hearing, SBA's action will remain in effect.



Sec. 120.981  Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification.

    A CDC may not transfer its certification or withdraw from the 504 
program without SBA's consent. The CDC must provide a plan to SBA to 
transfer its portfolio. The portfolio may only be transferred with SBA's 
written consent. If a CDC desires to withdraw from the 504 program, it 
must forfeit its portfolio to SBA. SBA may conduct an audit of the 
transferring or withdrawing CDC.



Sec. 120.982  Correcting CDC servicing deficiencies.

    SBA may require corrective action, including the transfer of 
existing or pending financings to another CDC in good standing. SBA must 
notify the CDC in writing of any servicing, reporting or collection 
deficiencies and the corrective actions to be taken. SBA may instruct 
the CSA to withhold service and late fees and may assess the

[[Page 195]]

CDC up to $250 per day for expenses incurred by SBA to correct the 
deficiencies. If non-compliance continues for 90 days, SBA may take the 
fees as compensation for its efforts to obtain compliance.



Sec. 120.983  Transfer of CDC servicing to SBA or another CDC.

    If a CDC fails to correct servicing deficiencies, or is unable or 
unwilling to service its portfolio, SBA may assume the servicing or 
require the transfer of all or part of the CDC's portfolio to another 
CDC within or adjoining the deficient CDC's Area of Operations. If there 
is no suitable CDC, SBA may approve a transfer to another entity. Future 
service fees from transferred loans will be paid to the transferee. In 
addition, the CDC's processing authority will be temporarily suspended.



Sec. 120.984  Suspension or revocation of CDC certification.

    (a) Suspend or revoke. The AA/FA may suspend or revoke the CDC's 
certification if a CDC:
    (1) Violates a statute, an SBA regulation, or the terms of a 
Debenture, authorization, or agreement with SBA;
    (2) Makes a material false statement, knowingly misrepresents, or 
fails to state a material fact;
    (3) Fails to maintain good character;
    (4) Fails to operate according to prudent lending standards;
    (5) Fails to correct servicing, collection, reporting, or other 
deficiencies; or
    (6) Is unable or unwilling to operate in accordance with the 
requirements of this part.
    (b) Transfer portfolio. Upon suspension or revocation, the CDC must 
transfer its remaining portfolio and any 504 applications or financings 
in process to another CDC designated or approved by SBA. If a pending 
504 financing is completed after a transfer, any deposit must also be 
transferred. Any fees must be apportioned by SBA between the two CDCs in 
proportion to services performed.
    (c) Provide written notice. SBA must give written notice to the CDC 
at least 10 business days prior to the effective date of a suspension or 
revocation, informing the CDC of the opportunity for a hearing pursuant 
to part 134 of this chapter.

         Enforceability of 501, 502 and 503 Loans and Other Laws



Sec. 120.990  501, 502 and 503 loans.

    SBA has discontinued loan programs for 501, 502, and 503 loans. 
Outstanding loans remain under these programs, and Borrowers, CDCs, and 
SBA must comply with the terms and conditions of the corresponding notes 
and Debentures, and the regulations in this part in effect when the 
obligations were undertaken or last in effect, if applicable.



Sec. 120.991  Effect of other laws.

    No State or local law may preclude or limit SBA's exercise of its 
rights with respect to notes, guarantees, Debentures and Debenture 
Pools, or of its enforcement rights to foreclose on collateral.



PART 121--SMALL BUSINESS SIZE REGULATIONS--Table of Contents




          Subpart A--Size Eligibility Provisions and Standards

                   Provisions of General Applicability

Sec.
121.101  What are SBA size standards?
121.102  How does SBA establish size standards?
121.103  What is affiliation?
121.104  How does SBA calculate annual receipts?
121.105  How does SBA define ``business concern or concern''?
121.106  How does SBA calculate number of employees?
121.107  How does SBA determine a concern's ``primary industry''?
121.108  What are the penalties for misrepresentation of size status?

          Size Standards Used to Define Small Business Concerns

121.201  What size standards has SBA identified by Standard Industrial 
          Classification codes?

       Size Eligibility Requirements for SBA Financial Assistance

121.301  What size standards are applicable to financial assistance 
          programs?
121.302  When does SBA determine the size status of an applicant?

[[Page 196]]

121.303  What size procedures are used by SBA before it makes a formal 
          size determination?
121.304  What are the size requirements for refinancing an existing SBA 
          loan?
121.305  What size eligibility requirements exist for obtaining business 
          loans relating to particular procurements?

        Size Eligibility Requirements for Government Procurement

121.401  What procurement programs are subject to size determinations?
121.402  What size standards are applicable to procurement assistance 
          programs?
121.403  Are SBA size determinations and SIC code designations binding 
          on parties?
121.404  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?
121.405  May a business concern self-certify its small business size 
          status?
121.406  How does a small business concern qualify to provide 
          manufactured products under small business set-aside or MED 
          procurements?
121.407  What are the size procedures for multiple item procurements?
121.408  What are the size procedures for SBA's Certificate of 
          Competency Program?
121.409  What size standard applies in an unrestricted procurement for 
          Certificate of Competency purposes?
121.410  What are the size standards for SBA's Section 8(d) 
          Subcontracting Program?
121.411  What are the size procedures for SBA's Section 8(d) 
          Subcontracting Program?
121.412  What are the size procedures for partial small business set-
          asides?
121.413  What size must a concern be to be eligible for the Very Small 
          Business program?

 Size Eligibility Requirements for Sales or Lease of Government Property

121.501  What programs for sales or leases of Government property are 
          subject to size determinations?
121.502  What size standards are applicable to programs for sales or 
          leases of Government property?
121.503  Are SBA size determinations binding on parties?
121.504  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?
121.505  What is the effect of a self-certification?
121.506  What definitions are important for sales or leases of 
          Government-owned timber?
121.507  What are the size standards and other requirements for the 
          purchase of Government-owned timber (other than Special 
          Salvage Timber)?
121.508  What are the size standards and other requirements for the 
          purchase of Government-owned Special Salvage Timber?
121.509  What is the size standard for leasing of Government land for 
          coal mining?
121.510  What is the size standard for leasing of Government land for 
          uranium mining?
121.511  What is the size standard for buying Government-owned 
          petroleum?
121.512  What is the size standard for stockpile purchases?

 Size Eligibility Requirements for the Minority Enterprise Development 
                              (MED) Program

121.601  What is a small business for purposes of admission to SBA's 
          Minority Enterprise Development (MED) program?
121.602  At what point in time must a MED applicant be small?
121.603  How does SBA determine whether a Participant is small for a 
          particular MED subcontract?
121.604  Are MED Participants considered small for purposes of other SBA 
          assistance?

Size Eligibility Requirements for the Small Business Innovation Research 
                             (SBIR) Program

121.701  What SBIR programs are subject to size determinations?
121.702  What size standards are applicable to the SBIR program?
121.703  Are formal size determinations binding on parties?
121.704  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?
121.705  Must a business concern self-certify its size status?

      Size Eligibility Requirements for Paying Reduced Patent Fees

121.801  May patent fees be reduced if a concern is small?
121.802  What size standards are applicable to reduced patent fees 
          programs?
121.803  Are formal size determinations binding on parties?
121.804  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?
121.805  May a business concern self-certify its size status?

  Size Eligibility Requirements for Compliance With Programs of Other 
                                Agencies

121.901  Can other Government agencies obtain SBA size determinations?
121.902  What size standards are applicable to programs of other 
          agencies?
121.903  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?

[[Page 197]]

Procedures for Size Protests and Requests for Formal Size Determinations

121.1001  Who may initiate a size protest or a request for formal size 
          determination?
121.1002  Who makes a formal size determination?
121.1003  Where should a size protest be filed?
121.1004  What time limits apply to size protests?
121.1005  How must a protest be filed with the contracting officer?
121.1006  When will a size protest be referred to an SBA Government 
          Contracting Area Office?
121.1007  Must a protest of size status relate to a particular 
          procurement and be specific?
121.1008  What happens after SBA receives a size protest or a request 
          for a formal size determination?
121.1009  What are the procedures for making the size determination?
121.1010  How does a concern become recertified as a small business?

        Appeals of Size Determinations and SIC Code Designations

121.1101  Are formal size determinations subject to appeal?
121.1102  Are SIC code designations subject to appeal?
121.1103  What are the procedures for appealing a SIC code designation?

                 Subpart B--Other Applicable Provisions

    Waivers of the Nonmanufacturer Rule for Classes of Products and 
                          Individual Contracts

121.1201  What is the Nonmanufacturer Rule?
121.1202  When will a waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule be granted for 
          a class of products?
121.1203  When will a waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule be granted for 
          an individual contract?
121.1204  What are the procedures for requesting and granting waivers?
121.1205  How is a list of previously granted class waivers obtained?

    Authority: Pub. L. 105-135 sec. 601 et. seq., 111 Stat. 2592; 15 
U.S.C. 632(a), 634(b)(6), 637(a) and 644(c); and Pub. L. 102-486, 106 
Stat. 2776, 3133.

    Source: 61 FR 3286, Jan. 31, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



          Subpart A--Size Eligibility Provisions and Standards

                   Provisions of General Applicability



Sec. 121.101  What are SBA size standards?

    SBA's size standards define whether a business entity is small and, 
thus, eligible for Government programs and preferences reserved for 
``small business'' concerns. Size standards have been established for 
types of economic activity, or industry, generally under the Standard 
Industrial Classification (SIC) System. The SIC System is described in 
the ``Standard Industrial Classification Manual'' published by the 
Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President, and 
sold by the U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of 
Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. The SIC System 
assigns four-digit SIC codes to all economic activity within ten major 
divisions. Section 121.201 describes the size standards now established. 
A full table matching a size standard with each four-digit SIC code is 
also published annually by SBA in the Federal Register.



Sec. 121.102  How does SBA establish size standards?

    (a) SBA considers economic characteristics comprising the structure 
of an industry, including degree of competition, average firm size, 
start-up costs and entry barriers, and distribution of firms by size. It 
also considers technological changes, competition from other industries, 
growth trends, historical activity within an industry, unique factors 
occurring in the industry which may distinguish small firms from other 
firms, and the objectives of its programs and the impact on those 
programs of different size standard levels.
    (b) As part of its review of a size standard, SBA will investigate 
if any concern at or below a particular standard would be dominant in 
the industry. SBA will take into consideration market share of a concern 
and other appropriate factors which may allow a concern to exercise a 
major controlling influence on a national basis in which a number of 
business concerns are engaged. Size standards seek to ensure that a 
concern that meets a specific size standard is not dominant in its field 
of operation.
    (c) Please address any requests to change existing size standards or 
establish new ones for emerging industries to the Assistant 
Administrator for Size

[[Page 198]]

Standards, Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street, SW., 
Washington, DC 20416.



Sec. 121.103  What is affiliation?

    (a) General Principles of Affiliation. (1) Concerns are affiliates 
of each other when one concern controls or has the power to control the 
other, or a third party or parties controls or has the power to control 
both.
    (2) SBA considers factors such as ownership, management, previous 
relationships with or ties to another concern, and contractual 
relationships, in determining whether affiliation exists.
    (3) Individuals or firms that have identical or substantially 
identical business or economic interests, such as family members, 
persons with common investments, or firms that are economically 
dependent through contractual or other relationships, may be treated as 
one party with such interests aggregated.
    (4) SBA counts the receipts or employees of the concern whose size 
is at issue and those of all its domestic and foreign affiliates, 
regardless of whether the affiliates are organized for profit, in 
determining the concern's size.
    (b) Exclusion from affiliation coverage. (1) Business concerns owned 
in whole or substantial part by investment companies licensed, or 
development companies qualifying, under the Small Business Investment 
Act of 1958, as amended, are not considered affiliates of such 
investment companies or development companies.
    (2) Business concerns owned and controlled by Indian Tribes, Alaska 
Regional or Village Corporations organized pursuant to the Alaska Native 
Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601), Native Hawaiian Organizations, 
or Community Development Corporations authorized by 42 U.S.C. 9805 are 
not considered affiliates of such entities, or with other concerns owned 
by these entities solely because of their common ownership.
    (3) Business concerns which are part of an SBA approved pool of 
concerns for a joint program of research and development as authorized 
by the Small Business Act are not affiliates of one another because of 
the pool.
    (4) Business concerns which lease employees from concerns primarily 
engaged in leasing employees to other businesses are not affiliated with 
the leasing company solely on the basis of a leasing agreement.
    (5) For financial, management or technical assistance under the 
Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended, (and applicant is not 
affiliated with the investors listed in paragraphs (b)(5) (i) through 
(vi) of this section.
    (i) Venture capital operating companies, as defined in the U.S. 
Department of Labor regulations found at 29 CFR 2510.3-101(d);
    (ii) Employee benefit or pension plans established and maintained by 
the Federal government or any state, or their political subdivisions, or 
any agency or instrumentality thereof, for the benefit of employees;
    (iii) Employee benefit or pension plans within the meaning of the 
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (29 U.S.C. 
1001, et seq.);
    (iv) Charitable trusts, foundations, endowments, or similar 
organizations exempt from Federal income taxation under section 501(c) 
of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (26 U.S.C. 501(c));
    (v) Investment companies registered under the Investment Company Act 
of 1940, as amended (1940 Act) (15 U.S.C. 80a-1, et seq.); and
    (vi) Investment companies, as defined under the 1940 Act, which are 
not registered under the 1940 Act because they are beneficially owned by 
less than 100 persons, if the company's sales literature or 
organizational documents indicate that its principal purpose is 
investment in securities rather than the operation of commercial 
enterprises.
    (6) A protege firm is not an affiliate of a mentor firm solely 
because the protege firm receives assistance from the mentor firm under 
Federal Mentor-Protege programs.
    (c) Affiliation based on stock ownership. (1) A person is an 
affiliate of a concern if the person owns or controls, or has the power 
to control 50 percent or more of its voting stock, or a block of stock 
which affords control because

[[Page 199]]

it is large compared to other outstanding blocks of stock.
    (2) If two or more persons each owns, controls or has the power to 
control less than 50 percent of the voting stock of a concern, with 
minority holdings that are equal or approximately equal in size, but the 
aggregate of these minority holdings is large as compared with any other 
stock holding, each such person is presumed to be an affiliate of the 
concern.
    (d) Affiliation arising under stock options, convertible debentures, 
and agreements to merge. Since stock options, convertible debentures, 
and agreements to merge (including agreements in principle) affect the 
power to control a concern, SBA treats them as though the rights granted 
have been exercised (except that an affiliate cannot use them to appear 
to terminate control over another concern before it actually does so). 
SBA gives present effect to an agreement to merge or sell stock whether 
such agreement is unconditional, conditional, or finalized but 
unexecuted. Agreements to open or continue negotiations towards the 
possibility of a merger or a sale of stock at some later date are not 
considered ``agreements in principle'' and, thus, are not given present 
effect.
    (e) Affiliation based on common management. Affiliation arises where 
one or more officers, directors or general partners controls the board 
of directors and/or the management of another concern.
    (f) Affiliation based on joint venture arrangements. (1) Parties to 
a joint venture are affiliates if any one of them seeks SBA financial 
assistance for use in connection with the joint venture.
    (2) Except as provided in paragraph (f)(3) of this section, concerns 
submitting offers on a particular procurement or property sale as joint 
venturers are affiliated with each other with regard to the performance 
of that contract.
    (3) Exclusion from affiliation. (i) A joint venture or teaming 
arrangement of two or more business concerns may submit an offer as a 
small business for a non-8(a) Federal procurement without regard to 
affiliation under paragraph (f) of this section so long as each concern 
is small under the size standard corresponding to the SIC code assigned 
to the contract, provided:
    (A) For a procurement having a revenue-based size standard, the 
procurement exceeds half the size standard corresponding to the SIC code 
assigned to the contract; or
    (B) For a procurement having an employee-based size standard, the 
procurement exceeds $10 million.
    (ii) A joint venture or teaming arrangement of at least one 8(a) 
Participant and one or more other business concerns may submit an offer 
for a competitive 8(a) procurement without regard to affiliation under 
paragraph (f) of this section so long as the requirements of 13 CFR 
124.513(b)(1) are met.
    (iii) Two firms approved by SBA to be a mentor and protege under 13 
CFR 124.520 may joint venture as a small business for any Federal 
Government procurement, provided the protege qualifies as small for the 
size standard corresponding to the SIC code assigned to the procurement 
and, for purposes of 8(a) sole source requirements, has not reached the 
dollar limit set forth in 13 CFR 124.519.
    (4) A contractor and subcontractor are treated as joint venturers if 
the ostensible subcontractor will perform primary and vital requirements 
of a contract or if the prime contractor is unusually reliant upon the 
ostensible subcontractor. All requirements of the contract are 
considered in reviewing such relationship, including contract 
management, technical responsibilities, and the percentage of 
subcontracted work.
    (5) For size purposes, a concern must include in its revenues its 
proportionate share of joint venture receipts.
    (g) Affiliation based on franchise and license agreements. The 
restraints imposed on a franchisee or licensee by its franchise or 
license agreement relating to standardized quality, advertising, 
accounting format and other similar provisions, generally will not be 
considered in determining whether the franchisor or licensor is 
affiliated with the franchisee or licensee provided the franchisee or 
licensee has the right to profit from its efforts and bears the risk of 
loss commensurate with ownership. Affiliation may arise, however,

[[Page 200]]

through other means, such as common ownership, common management or 
excessive restrictions upon the sale of the franchise interest.

[61 FR 3286, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 26381, May 14, 1997; 63 
FR 35738, June 30, 1998]



Sec. 121.104  How does SBA calculate annual receipts?

    (a) Definitions. In determining annual receipts of a concern:
    (1) Receipts means ``total income'' (or in the case of a sole 
proprietorship, ``gross income'') plus the ``cost of goods sold'' as 
these terms are defined or reported on Internal Revenue Service (IRS) 
Federal tax return forms (Form 1120 for corporations; Form 1120S for 
Subchapter S corporations; Form 1065 for partnerships; and Form 1040, 
Schedule F for farm or Schedule C for other sole proprietorships). 
However, the term receipts excludes net capital gains or losses, taxes 
collected for and remitted to a taxing authority if included in gross or 
total income, proceeds from the transactions between a concern and its 
domestic or foreign affiliates (if also excluded from gross or total 
income on a consolidated return filed with the IRS), and amounts 
collected for another by a travel agent, real estate agent, advertising 
agent, or conference management service provider.
    (2) Completed fiscal year means a taxable year including any short 
period. Taxable year and short period have the meaning attributed to 
them by the IRS.
    (3) Unless otherwise defined in this section, all terms shall have 
the meaning attributed to them by the IRS.
    (b) Period of measurement. (1) Annual receipts of a concern which 
has been in business for 3 or more completed fiscal years means the 
receipts of the concern over its last 3 completed fiscal years divided 
by three.
    (2) Annual receipts of a concern which has been in business for less 
than 3 complete fiscal years means the receipts for the period the 
concern has been in business divided by the number of weeks in business, 
multiplied by 52.
    (3) Annual receipts of a concern which has been in business 3 or 
more complete fiscal years but has a short year as one of those years 
means the receipts for the short year and the two full fiscal years 
divided by the number of weeks in the short year and the two full fiscal 
years, multiplied by 52.
    (c) Use of information other than the Federal tax return. Where 
other information gives SBA reason to regard Federal Income Tax returns 
as false, SBA may base its size determination on such other information.
    (d) Annual receipts of affiliates. (1) If a concern has acquired an 
affiliate or been acquired as an affiliate during the applicable 
averaging period or before small business self-certification, the annual 
receipts in determining size status include the receipts of both firms. 
Furthermore, this aggregation applies for the entire applicable period 
used in computing size rather than only for the period after the 
affiliation arose. Receipts are determined for the concern and its 
affiliates in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section even though 
this may result in different periods being used to calculate annual 
receipts.
    (2) The annual receipts of a former affiliate are not included as 
annual receipts if affiliation ceased before the date used for 
determining size. This exclusion of annual receipts of a former 
affiliate applies during the entire period used in computing size, 
rather than only for the period after which the affiliation ceased .



Sec. 121.105  How does SBA define ``business concern or concern''?

    (a) A business concern eligible for assistance from SBA as a small 
business is a business entity organized for profit, with a place of 
business located in the United States, and which operates primarily 
within the United States or which makes a significant contribution to 
the U.S. economy through payment of taxes or use of American products, 
materials or labor.
    (b) A business concern may be in the legal form of an individual 
proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, 
joint venture, association, trust or cooperative, except that where the 
form is a joint venture there can be no more than 49 percent 
participation by foreign business entities in the joint venture.

[[Page 201]]

    (c) A firm will not be treated as a separate business concern if a 
substantial portion of its assets and/or liabilities are the same as 
those of a predecessor entity. In such a case, the annual receipts and 
employees of the predecessor will be taken into account in determining 
size.



Sec. 121.106  How does SBA calculate number of employees?

    (a) Employees counted in determining size include all individuals 
employed on a full-time, part-time, temporary, or other basis. SBA will 
consider the totality of the circumstances, including factors relevant 
for tax purposes, in determining whether individuals are employees of 
the concern in question.
    (b) Where the size standard is number of employees, the method for 
determining a concern's size includes the following principles:
    (1) The average number of employees of the concern is used 
(including the employees of its domestic and foreign affiliates) based 
upon numbers of employees for each of the pay periods for the preceding 
completed 12 calendar months.
    (2) Part-time and temporary employees are counted the same as full-
time employees.
    (3) If a concern has not been in business for 12 months, the average 
number of employees is used for each of the pay periods during which it 
has been in business.
    (4) The treatment of employees of former affiliates or recently 
acquired affiliates is the same as for size determinations using annual 
receipts in Sec. 121.104(d).



Sec. 121.107  How does SBA determine a concern's ``primary industry''?

    In determining the primary industry in which a concern or a concern 
combined with its affiliates is engaged, SBA considers the distribution 
of receipts, employees and costs of doing business among the different 
industries in which business operations occurred for the most recently 
completed fiscal year. SBA may also consider other factors, such as the 
distribution of patents, contract awards, and assets.



Sec. 121.108  What are the penalties for misrepresentation of size status?

    In addition to other laws which may be applicable, section 16(d) of 
the Small Business Act, 15 U.S.C. 645(d), provides severe criminal 
penalties for knowingly misrepresenting the small business size status 
of a concern in connection with procurement programs. Section 16(a) of 
the Act also provides, in part, for criminal penalties for knowingly 
making false statements or misrepresentations to SBA for the purpose of 
influencing in any way the actions of the Agency.

          Size Standards Used To Define Small Business Concerns



Sec. 121.201  What size standards has SBA identified by Standard Industrial Classification codes?

    The size standards described in this section apply to all SBA 
programs unless otherwise specified. The size standards themselves are 
expressed either in number of employees or annual receipts in millions 
of dollars, unless otherwise specified. The number of employees or 
annual receipts indicates the maximum allowed for a concern and its 
affiliates to be considered small. The following is a listing of size 
standards for industries under the SIC System. Size standards are listed 
by Division and apply to all industries in that Division except those 
specifically listed with separate size standards for a specific two-
digit major group or four-digit industry code. The industry code 
applicable to a business that cannot be otherwise classified will be SIC 
code 9999, Nonclassifiable Establishments, with a corresponding size 
standard of $5.0 million in annual receipts.

[[Page 202]]



                     Size Standards by SIC Industry
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Size standards in number of
          SIC code and description             employees or millions of
                                                       dollars
------------------------------------------------------------------------
              DIVISION A--AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MAJOR GROUP 01--AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION      $0.5
 CROPS.
MAJOR GROUP 02--LIVESTOCK AND ANIMAL         $0.5
 SPECIALTIES.
Except:
    0211  Beef Cattle Feedlots (Custom)....  $1.5
    0252  Chicken Eggs.....................  $9.0
MAJOR GROUP 07--AGRICULTURAL SERVICES......  $5.0
MAJOR GROUP 08--FORESTRY...................  $5.0
MAJOR GROUP 09--FISHING, HUNTING, AND        $3.0
 TRAPPING.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
             DIVISION B--MINING
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MAJOR GROUP 10--METAL MINING...............  500
MAJOR GROUP 12--COAL MINING................  500
MAJOR GROUP 13--OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION AND   500
 MAJOR GROUP 14--MINING AND QUARRYING OF
 NONMETALLIC MINERALS, EXCEPT FUELS.
EXCEPT:
    1081  Metal Mining Services............  $5.0
    1241  Coal Mining Services.............  $5.0
    1382  Oil and Gas Field Exploration      $5.0
     Services.
    1389  Oil and Gas Field Services,        $5.0
     N.E.C..
    1481  Nonmetallic Minerals Services,     $5.0
     Except Fuels.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        DIVISION C--CONSTRUCTION
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MAJOR GROUP 15--GENERAL BUILDING             $17.0
 CONTRACTORS.
MAJOR GROUP 16--HEAVY CONSTRUCTION, NON      $17.0
 BUILDING.
EXCEPT:
    1629 (Part)    Dredging and Surface      $13.5 \1\
     Cleanup Activities.
MAJOR GROUP 17--CONSTRUCTION--SPECIAL TRADE  $7.0
 CONTRACTORS.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIVISION D--MANUFACTURING,\2\..............  500
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXCEPT:
    2032  Canned Specialties...............  1,000
    2033  Canned Fruits, Vegetables,         500 \3\
     Preserves, Jams and Jellies.
    2043  Cereal Breakfast Foods...........  1,000
    2046  Wet Corn Milling.................  750
    2052  Cookies and Crackers.............  750
    2062  Cane Sugar Refining..............  750
    2063  Beet Sugar.......................  750
    2076  Vegetable Oil Mills, Except Corn,  1,000
     Cottonseed, and Soybean.
    2079  Shortening, Table Oils,            750
     Margarine, and Other Edible Fats and
     Oils, N.E.C.
    2085  Distilled and Blended Liquors....  750
    2111  Cigarettes.......................  1,000
    2211  Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Cotton..  1,000
    2261  Finishers of Broadwoven Fabrics    1,000
     of Cotton.
    2295  Coated Fabrics, Not Rubberized...  1,000
    2296  Tire Cord and Fabrics............  1,000
    2611  Pulp Mills.......................  750
    2621  Paper Mills......................  750
    2631  Paperboard Mills.................  750
    2656  Sanitary Food Containers, Except   750
     Folding.
    2657  Folding Paperboard Boxes,          750
     Including Sanitary.
    2812  Alkalies and Chlorine............  1,000
    2813  Industrial Gases.................  1,000
    2816  Inorganic Pigments...............  1,000
    2819  Industrial Inorganic Chemicals,    1,000
     N.E.C.
    2821  Plastics Materials, Synthetic      750
     Resins, and Nonvulcanizable Elastomers.
    2822  Synthetic Rubber (Vulcanizable     1,000
     Elastomers).
    2823  Cellulosic Manmade Fibers........  1,000
    2824  Manmade Organic Fibers, Except     1,000
     Cellulosic.
    2833  Medicinal Chemicals and Botanical  750
     Products.
    2834  Pharmaceutical Preparations......  750
    2841  Soap and Other Detergents, Except  750
     Specialty Cleaners.
    2865  Cyclic Organic Crudes and          750
     Intermediates, and Organic Dyes and
     Pigments.
    2869  Industrial Organic Chemicals,      1,000
     N.E.C..
    2873  Nitrogenous Fertilizers..........  1,000
    2892  Explosives.......................  750
    2911  Petroleum Refining...............  1,500 \4\

[[Page 203]]

 
    2952  Asphalt Felts and Coatings.......  750
    3011  Tires and Inner Tubes............  1,000 \5\
    3021  Rubber and Plastics Footwear.....  1,000
    3211  Flat Glass.......................  1,000
    3221  Glass Containers.................  750
    3229  Pressed and Blown Glass and        750
     Glassware, N.E.C.
    3241  Cement, Hydraulic................  750
    3261  Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures   750
     and China and Earthenware Fittings and
     Bathroom Accessories.
    3275  Gypsum Products..................  1,000
    3292  Asbestos Products................  750
    3296  Mineral Wool.....................  750
    3297  Nonclay Refractories.............  750
    3312  Steel Works, Blast Furnaces        1,000
     (Including Coke Ovens), and Rolling
     Mills.
    3313  Electrometallurgical Products,     750
     Except Steel.
    3315  Steel Wiredrawing and Steel Nails  1,000
     and Spikes.
    3316  Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet, Strip,    1,000
     and Bars.
    3317  Steel Pipe and Tubes.............  1,000
    3331  Primary Smelting and Refining of   1,000
     Copper.
    3334  Primary Production of Aluminum...  1,000
    3339  Primary Smelting and Refining of   750
     Nonferrous Metals, Except Copper and
     Aluminum.
    3351  Rolling, Drawing, and Extruding    750
     of Copper.
    3353  Aluminum Sheet, Plate, and Foil..  750
    3354  Aluminum Extruded Products.......  750
    3355  Aluminum Rolling and Drawing,      750
     N.E.C.
    3356  Rolling, Drawing, and Extruding    750
     of Nonferrous Metals, Except Copper
     and Aluminum.
    3357  Drawing and Insulating of          1,000
     Nonferrous Wire.
    3398  Metal Heat Treating..............  750
    3399  Primary Metal Products, N.E.C....  750
    3411  Metal Cans.......................  1,000
    3431  Enameled Iron and Metal Sanitary   750
     Ware.
    3482  Small Arms Ammunition............  1,000
    3483  Ammunition, Except for Small Arms  1,500
    3484  Small Arms.......................  1,000
    3511  Steam, Gas, and Hydraulic          1,000
     Turbines, and Turbine Generator Set
     Units.
    3519  Internal Combustion Engines,       1,000
     N.E.C.
    3531  Construction Machinery and         750
     Equipment.
    3537  Industrial Trucks, Tractors,       750
     Trailers, and Stackers.
    3562  Ball and Roller Bearings.........  750
    3571  Electronic Computers.............  1,000
    3572  Computer Storage Devices.........  1,000
    3575  Computer Terminals...............  1,000
    3577  Computer Peripheral Equipment,     1,000
     N.E.C.
    3578  Calculating and Accounting         1,000
     Machines, Except Electronic Computers.
    3585  Air-Conditioning and Warm Air      750
     Heating Equipment and Commercial and
     Industrial Refrigeration Equipment.
    3612  Power, Distribution, and           750
     Specialty Transformers.
    3613  Switchgear and Switchboard         750
     Apparatus.
    3621  Motors and Generators............  1,000
    3624  Carbon and Graphite Products.....  750
    3625  Relays and Industrial Controls...  750
    3631  Household Cooking Equipment......  750
    3632  Household Refrigerators and Home   1,000
     and Farm Freezers.
    3633  Household Laundry Equipment......  1,000
    3634  Electric Housewares and Fans.....  750
    3635  Household Vacuum Cleaners........  750
    3641  Electric Lamp Bulbs and Tubes....  1,000
    3651  Household Audio and Video          750
     Equipment.
    3652  Phonograph Records and             750
     Prerecorded Audio Tapes and Disks.
    3661  Telephone and Telegraph Apparatus  1,000
    3663  Radio and Television Broadcasting  750
     and Communications Equipment.
    3669  Communications Equipment, N.E.C..  750
    3671  Electron Tubes...................  750
    3692  Primary Batteries, Dry and Wet...  1,000
    3694  Electrical Equipment for Internal  750
     Combustion Engines.
    3695  Magnetic and Optical Recording     1,000
     Media.
    3699  Electrical Machinery, Equipment,   750
     and Supplies, N.E.C.
    3711  Motor Vehicles and Passenger Car   1,000
     Bodies.
    3714  Motor Vehicle Parts and            750
     Accessories.
    3716  Motor Homes......................  1,000

[[Page 204]]

 
    3721  Aircraft.........................  1,500
    3724  Aircraft Engines and Engine Parts  1,000
    3728  Aircraft Parts and Auxiliary       1,000 \9\
     Equipment, N.E.C.
    3731  Shipbuilding and Repair of         1,000
     Nuclear Propelled Ships.
        Shipbuilding of Nonnuclear           1,000
         Propelled Ships and Nonpropelled
         Ships.
        Ship Repair (Including Overhauls     1,000
         and Conversions) Performed on
         Nonnuclear Propelled and
         Nonpropelled Ships East of the 108
         Meridian.
        Ship Repair (Including Overhauls     1,000
         and Conversions) Performed on
         Nonnuclear Propelled and
         Nonpropelled Ships West of the 108
         Meridian.
    3743  Railroad Equipment...............  1,000
    3761  Guided Missiles and Space          1,000
     Vehicles.
    3764  Guided Missile and Space Vehicle   1,000
     Propulsion Units and Propulsion Units
     Parts.
    3769  Guided Missile and Space Vehicle   1,000
     Parts and Auxiliary Equipment, N.E.C.
    3795  Tanks and Tank Components........  1,000
    3812  Search, Detection, Navigation,     750
     Guidance, Aeronautical, and Nautical
     Systems and Instruments.
    3996  Linoleum, Asphalted-Felt-Base,     750
     and other Hard Surface Floor
     Coverings, N.E.C.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 DIVISION E--TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, ELECTRIC, GAS, AND SANITARY
                                SERVICES
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MAJOR GROUP 40--RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION....  1500
EXCEPT:
    4013  Railroad Switching and Terminal    500
     Establishments.
MAJOR GROUP 41--LOCAL AND SUBURBAN TRANSIT   $5.0
 AND INTERURBAN HIGHWAY PASSENGER
 TRANSPORTATION.
MAJOR GROUP 42--MOTOR FREIGHT                $18.5
 TRANSPORTATION AND WAREHOUSING.
EXCEPT:
    4212 (Part)  Garbage and Refuse          $6.0
     Collection, Without Disposal.
    4231  Terminal and Joint Terminal        $5.0
     Maintenance Facilities for Motor
     Freight Transportation.
MAJOR GROUP 44--WATER TRANSPORTATION.......  500
EXCEPT:
    4491  Marine Cargo Handling............  $18.5
    4492  Towing and Tugboat Services......  $5.0
    4493  Marinas..........................  $5.0
    4499  Water Transportation Services,     $5.0
     N.E.C..
          --Offshore Marine Water            $20.5
     Transportation Services.
MAJOR GROUP 45--TRANSPORTATION BY AIR......  1500
EXCEPT:
    4522  Air Transportation, Nonscheduled.  1500
          --Offshore Marine Air              $20.5
     Transportation Services.
    4581  Airports, Flying Fields, and       $5.0
     Airport Terminal Services.
MAJOR GROUP 46--PIPELINES, EXCEPT NATURAL    1500
 GAS,.
EXCEPT:
    4619  Pipelines, N.E.C.................  $25.0
MAJOR GROUP 47--TRANSPORTATION SERVICES,...  $5.0
EXCEPT:
    4724  Travel Agencies..................  $1.0\6\
    4731  Arrangement of Transportation of   $18.5
     Freight and Cargo.
    4783  Packing and Crating..............  $18.5
MAJOR GROUP 48--COMMUNICATIONS.............
    4812  Radiotelephone Communications....  1,500
    4813  Telephone Communications, Except   1,500
     Radiotelephone.
    4822  Telegraph and Other Message        $5.0
     Communications.
    4832  Radio Broadcasting Stations......  $5.0
    4833  Television Broadcasting Stations.  $10.5
    4841  Cable and Other Pay Television     $11.0
     Services.
    4899  Communications Services, N.E.C...  $11.0
MAJOR GROUP 49--ELECTRIC, GAS, AND SANITARY  $5.0
 SERVICES,.
EXCEPT:
    4911  Electric Services................  4 million megawatt hrs.
    4924  Natural Gas Distribution.........  500
    4953  Refuse Systems...................  $6.0
    4961  Steam and Air-Conditioning Supply  $9.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIVISION F--WHOLESALE TRADE................  100
    (Not Applicable to Government
     procurement of supplies. The
     nonmanufacturer size standard of 500
     employees shall be used for purposes
     of Government procurement of
     supplies.)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIVISION G--RETAIL TRADE...................  $5.0

[[Page 205]]

 
    (Not Applicable to Government
     procurement of supplies. The
     nonmanufacturer size standard of 500
     employees shall be used for purposes
     of Government procurement of
     supplies.)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXCEPT:
    5271  Mobile Home Dealers..............  $9.5
    5311  Department Stores................  $20.0
    5331  Variety Stores...................  $8.0
    5411  Grocery Stores...................  $20.0
    5511  Motor Vehicle Dealers (New and     $21.0
     Used).
    5521  Motor Vehicle Dealers (Used Only)  $17.0
    5541  Gasoline Service Stations........  $6.5
    5599  Automobile Dealers, N.E.C........  $5.0
          --Aircraft Dealers, Retail.......  $7.5
    5611  Men's and Boys' Clothing and       $6.5
     Accessory Stores.
    5621  Women's Clothing Stores..........  $6.5
    5651  Family Clothing Stores...........  $6.5
    5661  Shoe Stores......................  $6.5
    5722  Household Appliance Stores.......  $6.5
    5731  Radio, Television, and Consumer    $6.5
     Electronics Stores.
    5734  Computer and Computer Software     $6.5
     Stores.
    5812  (Part) Food Service,               $15.0
     Institutional.
    5961  Catalog and Mail-Order Houses....  $18.5
    5983  Fuel Oil Dealers.................  $9.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIVISION H--FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL     $5.0
 ESTATE.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXCEPT:
    6021-6082  National and Commercial       $100 Million in assets \7\
     Banks, Savings Institutions and Credit
     Unions.
    6331  Fire, Marine, and Casualty         1,500
     Insurance.
    6515 (Part)  Leasing of Building Space   $15.0 \8\
     to Federal Government by Owners.
    6531  Real Estate Agents and Managers..  $1.5 \6\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIVISION I--SERVICES.......................  $5.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXCEPT:
    7211  Power Laundries, Family and        $10.5
     Commercial.
    7213  Linen Supply.....................  $10.5
    7216  Drycleaning Plants, Except Rug     $3.5
     Cleaning.
    7217  Carpet and Upholstery Cleaning...  $3.5
    7218  Industrial Launderers............  $10.5
    7311  Advertising Agencies.............  $5.0 \6\
    7312  Outdoor Advertising Services.....  $5.0 \6\
    7313  Radio, Television, and             $5.0 \6\
     Publishers' Advertising
     Representatives.
    7319  Advertising, N.E.C...............  $5.0 \6\
    7349  Building Cleaning and Maintenance  $12.0
     Services, N.E.C..
    7371  Computer Programming Services....  $18.0
    7372  Prepackaged Software.............  $18.0
    7373  Computer Integrated Systems        $18.0
     Design.
    7374  Computer Processing and Data       $18.0
     Preparation and Processing Services.
    7375  Information Retrieval Services...  $18.0
    7376  Computer Facilities Management     $18.0
     Services.
    7377  Computer Rental and Leasing......  $18.0
    7378  Computer Maintenance and Repair..  $18.0
    7379  Computer Related Services, N.E.C.  $18.0
    7381  Detective, Guard, and Armored Car  $9.0
     Services.
    7382  Security Systems Services........  $9.0
    7389  Business Services, N.E.C.........  $5.0
        Map Drafting Services, Mapmaking     $3.5
         (Including Aerial) and
         Photogrammetric Mapping Services.
    7513  Truck Rental and Leasing Without   $18.5
     Drivers.
    7514  Passenger Car Rental.............  $18.5
    7515  Passenger Car Leasing............  $18.5
    7534  Tire Retreading and Repair Shops.  $10.5
    7699  Repair Shops and Related           $5.0 \9\
     Services, N.E.C.
    7812  Motion Picture and Video Tape      $21.5
     Production.
    7819  Services Allied to Motion Picture  $21.5
     Production.
    7822  Motion Picture and Video Tape      $21.5
     Distribution.
    8299  (Part) Flight Training Services..  $18.5
    8711  Engineering Services.............  $2.5
        Military and Aerospace Equipment     $20.0
         and Military Weapons.

[[Page 206]]

 
        Contracts and Subcontracts for       $20.0
         Engineering Services Awarded Under
         the National Energy Policy Act of
         1992.
        Marine Engineering and Naval         $13.5
         Architecture.
    8712  Architectural Services (Other      $2.5
     Than Naval).
    8713  Surveying Services...............  $2.5
    8721  Accounting, Auditing, and          $6.0
     Bookkeeping Services.
    8731  Commercial Physical and            500 \10\
     Biological Research.
        Aircraft...........................  1,500
        Aircraft Parts, and Auxiliary        1,000
         Equipment, and Aircraft Engines
         and Engine Parts.
        Space Vehicles and Guided Missiles,  1,000
         their Propulsion Units, their
         Propulsion Units Parts, and their
         Auxiliary Equipment and Parts.
    8741 (Part)  Conference Management       $5.0 \6\
     Services.
    8744  Facilities Support Management      $5.0 \11\
     Services.
        Base Maintenance...................  $20.0 \12\
        Environmental Remediation Services.  500 \13\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Footnotes:
\1\ SIC code 1629--Dredging: To be considered small for purposes of
  Government procurement, a firm must perform at least 40 percent of the
  volume dredged with its own equipment or equipment owned by another
  small dredging concern.
\2\ SIC Division D--Manufacturing: For rebuilding machinery or equipment
  on a factory basis, or equivalent, use the SIC code for a newly
  manufactured product. Concerns performing major rebuilding or overhaul
  activities do not necessarily have to meet the criteria for being a
  ``manufacturer'' although the activities may be classified under a
  manufacturing SIC code. Ordinary repair services or preservation are
  not considered rebuilding.
\3\ SIC code 2033: For purposes of Government procurement for food
  canning and preserving, the standard of 500 employees excludes
  agricultural labor as defined in section 3306(k) of the Internal
  Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 3306(k).
\4\ SIC code 2911: For purposes of Government procurement, the firm may
  not have more than 1,500 employees nor more than 75,000 barrels per
  day capacity of petroleum-based inputs, including crude oil or bona
  fide feedstocks. Capacity includes owned or leased facilities as well
  as facilities under a processing agreement or an arrangement such as
  an exchange agreement or a throughput. The total product to be
  delivered under the contract must be at least 90 percent refined by
  the successful bidder from either crude oil or bona fide feedstocks.
\5\ SIC code 3011: For purposes of Government procurement, a firm is
  small for bidding on a contract for pneumatic tires within Census
  Classification codes 30111 and 30112, provided that:
(1) The value of tires within Census Classification codes 30111 and
  30112 which it manufactured in the United States during the previous
  calendar year is more than 50 percent of the value of its total
  worldwide manufacture;
(2) The value of pneumatic tires within Census Classification codes
  30111 and 30112 comprising its total worldwide manufacture during the
  preceding calendar year was less than 5 percent of the value of all
  such tires manufactured in the United States during that period; and
(3) the value of the principal product which it manufactured or
  otherwise produced, or sold worldwide during the preceding calendar
  year is less than 10 percent of the total value of such products
  manufactured or otherwise produced or sold in the United States during
  that period.
\6\ SIC codes 4724, 6531, 7311, 7312, 7313, 7319, and 8741 (part): As
  measured by total revenues, but excluding funds received in trust for
  an unaffiliated third party, such as bookings or sales subject to
  commissions. The commissions received are included as revenue.
\7\ A financial institution's assets are determined by averaging the
  assets reported on its four quarterly financial statements for the
  preceding year. Assets for the purposes of this size standard means
  the assets defined according to the Federal Financial Institutions
  Examination Council 034 call report form.
\8\ SIC code 6515: Leasing of building space to the Federal Government
  by Owners: For Government procurement, a size standard of $15.0
  million in gross receipts applies to the owners of building space
  leased to the Federal Government. The standard does not apply to an
  agent.
\9\ SIC codes 7699 and 3728: Contracts for the rebuilding or overhaul of
  aircraft ground support equipment on a contract basis are classified
  under SIC code 3728.
\10\ SIC code 8731: For research and development contracts requiring the
  delivery of a manufactured product, the appropriate size standard is
  that of the manufacturing industry.
(1) Research and Development means laboratory or other physical research
  and development. It does not include economic, educational,
  engineering, operations, systems, or other nonphysical research; or
  computer programming, data processing, commercial and/or medical
  laboratory testing.
(2) For purposes of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)
  program only, a different definition has been established by law. See
  Sec.  121.701.
(3) Research and development for guided missiles and space vehicles
  includes evaluations and simulation, and other services requiring
  thorough knowledge of complete missiles and spacecraft.
\11\ Facilities Management, a component of SIC code 8744, includes
  establishments, not elsewhere classified, which provide overall
  management and the personnel to perform a variety of related support
  services in operating a complete facility in or around a specific
  building, or within another business or Government establishment.
  Facilities management means furnishing three or more personnel supply
  services which may include, but are not limited to, secretarial
  services, typists, telephone answering, reproduction or mimeograph
  service, mailing service, financial or business management, public
  relations, conference planning, travel arrangements, word processing,
  maintaining files and/or libraries, switchboard operation, writers,
  bookkeeping, minor office equipment maintenance and repair, or use of
  information systems (not programming).
\12\ SIC code 8744:
(1) If one of the activities of base maintenance, as defined in
  paragraph (2) of this footnote, can be identified with a separate
  industry and that activity (or industry) accounts for 50 percent or
  more of the value of an entire contract, then the proper size standard
  is that of the particular industry, and not the base maintenance size
  standard.
(2) ``Base Maintenance'' requires the performance of three or more
  separate activities in the areas of service or special trade
  construction industries. If services are performed, these activities
  must each be in a separate SIC code including, but not limited to,
  Janitorial and Custodial Service, Fire Prevention Service, Messenger
  Service, Commissary Service, Protective Guard Service, and Grounds
  Maintenance and Landscaping Service. If the contract requires the use
  of special trade contractors (plumbing, painting, plastering,
  carpentry, etc.), all such special trade construction activities are
  considered a single activity and classified as Base Housing
  Maintenance. Since Base Housing Maintenance is only one activity, two
  additional activities are required for a contract to be classified as
  ``Base Maintenance.''

[[Page 207]]

 
\13\ SIC code 8744: (1) For SBA assistance as a small business concern
  in the industry of Environmental Remediation Services, other than for
  Government procurement, a concern must be engaged primarily in
  furnishing a range of services for the remediation of a contaminated
  environment to an acceptable condition including, but not limited to,
  preliminary assessment, site inspection, testing, remedial
  investigation, feasibility studies, remedial design, containment,
  remedial action, removal of contaminated materials, storage of
  contaminated materials and security and site closeouts. If one of such
  activities accounts for 50 percent or more of a concern's total
  revenues, employees, or other related factors, the concern's primary
  industry is that of the particular industry and not the Environmental
  Remediation Services Industry.
(2) For purposes of classifying a Government procurement as
  Environmental Remediation Services, the general purpose of the
  procurement must be to restore a contaminated environment and also the
  procurement must be composed of activities in three or more separate
  industries with separate SIC codes or, in some instances (e.g.,
  engineering), smaller sub-components of SIC codes with separate,
  distinct size standards. These activities may include, but are not
  limited to, separate activities in industries such as: Heavy
  Construction; Special Trade Construction; Engineering Services;
  Architectural Services; Management Services; Refuse Systems; Sanitary
  Services, Not Elsewhere Classified; Local Trucking Without Storage;
  Testing Laboratories; and Commercial, Physical and Biological
  Research. If any activity in the procurement can be identified with a
  separate SIC code, or component of a code with a separate distinct
  size standard, and that industry accounts for 50 percent or more of
  the value of the entire procurement, then the proper size standard is
  the one for that particular industry, and not the Environmental
  Remediation Service size standard.


[61 FR 3286, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 6412, Feb. 20, 1996; 61 FR 7306, Feb. 
27, 1996; 61 FR 7986, Mar. 1, 1996; 61 FR 43119, Aug. 20, 1996]

       Size Eligibility Requirements For SBA Financial Assistance



Sec. 121.301  What size standards are applicable to financial assistance programs?

    (a) For Business Loans and Disaster Loans (other than physical 
disaster loans), an applicant must not exceed the size standard for the 
industry in which:
    (1) The applicant combined with its affiliates is primarily engaged; 
and
    (2) The applicant alone is primarily engaged.
    (b) For Development Company programs, an applicant must meet one of 
the following standards:
    (1) Including its affiliates, tangible net worth not in excess of $6 
million, and average net income after Federal income taxes (excluding 
any carry-over losses) for the preceding two completed fiscal years not 
in excess of $2 million; or
    (2) The same standards applicable under paragraph (a) of this 
section.
    (c) For the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) program, an 
applicant must meet one of the following standards:
    (1) Including its affiliates, tangible net worth not in excess of 
$18 million, and average net income after Federal income taxes 
(excluding any carry-over losses) for the preceding 2 completed fiscal 
years not in excess of $6 million; or
    (2) The same standards applicable under paragraph (a) of this 
section.
    (d) For Surety Bond Guarantee assistance--
    (1) Any construction (general or special trade) concern or concern 
performing a contract for services is small if its average annual 
receipts do not exceed $5.0 million.
    (2) Any concern not specified in paragraph (d)(1) of this section 
must meet the size standard for the primary industry in which it, 
combined with its affiliates, is engaged.
    (e) The applicable size standards for the purpose of all SBA 
financial assistance programs, excluding the Surety Bond Guarantee 
assistance program, are increased by 25 percent whenever the applicant 
agrees to use the assistance within a labor surplus area. Labor surplus 
areas are listed monthly in the Department of Labor publication called 
``Area Trends.''



Sec. 121.302  When does SBA determine the size status of an applicant?

    (a) The size of an applicant for SBA financial assistance is 
determined as of the date the application for such financial assistance 
is accepted for processing by SBA, except for the Disaster Loan and 
Preferred Lenders programs.
    (b) For the Preferred Lenders program, size is determined as of the 
date of approval of the loan by the Preferred Lender.
    (c) For disaster loan assistance (other than physical disaster 
loans), size status is determined as of the date the disaster commenced, 
as set forth in the Disaster Declaration.
    (d) Changes in size subsequent to the applicable date when size is 
determined will not disqualify an applicant for assistance.

[[Page 208]]



Sec. 121.303  What size procedures are used by SBA before it makes a formal size determination?

    (a) A concern that submits an application for financial assistance 
is deemed to have certified that it is small under the applicable size 
standard. SBA may question the concern's status based on information 
supplied in the application or from any other source.
    (b) A small business investment company, a development company, a 
surety bond company, or a preferred lender may accept as true the size 
information provided by an applicant, unless credible evidence to the 
contrary is apparent.
    (c) Size is initially considered by the individual with final 
financial assistance authority. This is not a formal size determination. 
A formal determination may be requested prior to a denial of eligibility 
based on size.
    (d) An applicant may request a formal size determination when 
assistance has been denied for size ineligibility. Except for disaster 
loan eligibility, a request for a formal size determination must be made 
to the Government Contracting Area Director serving the area in which 
the headquarters of the applicant is located, regardless of the location 
of the parent company or affiliates. For disaster loan assistance, the 
request for a size determination must be made to the Area Director for 
the Disaster Area Office which denied the assistance.
    (e) There are no time limitations for making a formal size 
determination for purposes of financial assistance. The official making 
the formal size determination must provide a copy of the determination 
to the applicant, to the requesting SBA official, and to other 
interested SBA program officials.



Sec. 121.304  What are the size requirements for refinancing an existing SBA loan?

    (a) A concern that applies to refinance an existing SBA loan or 
guarantee will be considered small for the refinancing even though its 
size has increased since the date of the original financing to exceed 
its applicable size standard, provided that:
    (1) The increase in size is due to natural growth (as distinguished 
from merger, acquisition or similar management action); and
    (2) SBA determines that refinancing is necessary to protect the 
Government's financial interest.
    (b) If a concern's size has increased other than by natural growth, 
the concern and its affiliates must be small at the time the application 
for refinancing is accepted for processing by SBA.



Sec. 121.305  What size eligibility requirements exist for obtaining business loans relating to particular procurements?

    A concern qualified as small for a particular procurement, including 
an 8(a) subcontract, is small for financial assistance directly and 
primarily relating to the performance of the particular procurement.

        Size Eligibility Requirements for Government Procurement



Sec. 121.401  What procurement programs are subject to size determinations?

    The requirements set forth in Secs. 121.401 through 121.413 cover 
all procurement programs for which status as a small business is 
required, including the small business set-aside program, SBA's 
Certificate of Competency program, SBA's 8(a) Business Development 
program, the Small Business Subcontracting program authorized under 
section 8(d) of the Small Business Act, the Federal Small Disadvantaged 
Business (SDB) programs, the HUBZone program, and the Very Small 
Business (VSB) program.

[63 FR 46642, Sept. 2, 1998]



Sec. 121.402  What size standards are applicable to procurement assistance programs?

    (a) A concern must meet the size standard for the SIC code specified 
in the solicitation.
    (b) The procuring agency contracting officer, or authorized 
representative, designates the proper SIC code and size standard in a 
solicitation, selecting the SIC code which best describes the principal 
purpose of the product or service being acquired. Primary consideration 
is given to the industry descriptions in

[[Page 209]]

the SIC Manual, the product or service description in the solicitation 
and any attachments to it, the relative value and importance of the 
components of the procurement making up the end item being procured, and 
the function of the goods or services being purchased. Other factors 
considered include previous Government procurement classifications of 
the same or similar products or services, and the classification which 
would best serve the purposes of the Small Business Act. A procurement 
is usually classified according to the component which accounts for the 
greatest percentage of contract value.
    (c) The SIC code assigned to a procurement and its corresponding 
size standard is final unless timely appealed to SBA's Office of 
Hearings and Appeals (OHA), or unless SBA assigns a SIC code or size 
standard as provided in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (d) An unclear, incomplete or missing SIC code designation or size 
standard in the solicitation may be clarified, completed or supplied by 
SBA in connection with a formal size determination or size appeal.
    (e) Any offeror or other interested party adversely affected by a 
SIC code designation or size standard designation may appeal the 
designations to OHA under part 134 of this chapter.



Sec. 121.403  Are SBA size determinations and SIC code designations binding on parties?

    Formal size determinations and SIC code designations made by 
authorized SBA officials are binding upon the parties. Opinions 
otherwise provided by SBA officials to contracting officers or others 
are advisory in nature, and are not binding or appealable.



Sec. 121.404  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?

    Generally, SBA determines the size status of a concern (including 
its affiliates) as of the date the concern submits a written self-
certification that it is small to the procuring agency as part of its 
initial offer including price. The following are two exceptions to this 
rule:
    (a) The size status of an applicant for a Certificate of Competency 
(COC) relating to an unrestricted procurement is determined as of the 
date of the concern's application for the COC.
    (b) Size status for purposes of compliance with the nonmanufacturer 
rule set forth in Sec. 121.406(b)(1) and the ostensible subcontractor 
rule set forth in Sec. 121.103(f)(3) is determined as of the date of the 
best and final offer.



Sec. 121.405  May a business concern self-certify its small business size status?

    (a) A concern must self-certify it is small under the size standard 
specified in the solicitation, or as clarified, completed or supplied by 
SBA pursuant to Sec. 121.402(d).
    (b) A contracting officer may accept a concern's self-certification 
as true for the particular procurement involved in the absence of a 
written protest by other offerors or other credible information which 
causes the contracting officer or SBA to question the size of the 
concern.
    (c) Procedures for protesting the self-certification of an offeror 
are set forth in Secs. 121.1001 through 121.1009.



Sec. 121.406  How does a small business concern qualify to provide manufactured products under small business set-aside or MED procurements?

    (a) General. In order to qualify as a small business concern for a 
small business set-aside or 8(a) contract to provide manufactured 
products, an offeror must either:
    (1) Be the manufacturer of the end item being procured (and the end 
item must be manufactured or produced in the United States); or
    (2) Comply with the requirements of paragraph (b), (c) or (d) of 
this section as a nonmanufacturer, a kit assembler or a supplier under 
Simplified Acquisition Procedures.
    (b) Nonmanufacturers. (1) A concern may qualify for a requirement to 
provide manufactured products as a nonmanufacturer if it:
    (i) Does not exceed 500 employees;
    (ii) Is primarily engaged in the wholesale or retail trade and 
normally sells the items being supplied to the general public; and

[[Page 210]]

    (iii) Will supply the end item of a small business manufacturer or 
processor made in the United States, or obtains a waiver of such 
requirement pursuant to paragraph (b)(3) of this section.
    (2) For size purposes, there can be only one manufacturer of the end 
item being acquired. The manufacturer is the concern which, with its own 
facilities, performs the primary activities in transforming inorganic or 
organic substances, including the assembly of parts and components, into 
the end item being acquired. The end item must possess characteristics 
which, as a result of mechanical, chemical or human action, it did not 
possess before the original substances, parts or components were 
assembled or transformed. The end item may be finished and ready for 
utilization or consumption, or it may be semifinished as a raw material 
to be used in further manufacturing. Firms which perform only minimal 
operations upon the item being procured do not qualify as manufacturers 
of the end item. SBA will evaluate the following factors in determining 
whether a concern is the manufacturer of the end item:
    (i) The proportion of total value in the end item added by the 
efforts of the concern, excluding costs of overhead, testing, quality 
control, and profit; and
    (ii) The importance of the elements added by the concern to the 
function of the end item, regardless of their relative value.
    (3) The Administrator or designee may waive the requirement set 
forth in paragraph (b)(1)(iii) of this section under the following two 
circumstances:
    (i) The contracting officer has determined that no small business 
manufacturer or processor reasonably can be expected to offer a product 
meeting the specifications (including period for performance) required 
by a particular solicitation and SBA reviews and accepts that 
determination; or
    (ii) SBA determines that no small business manufacturer or processor 
of the product or class of products is available to participate in the 
Federal procurement market.
    (4) The two waiver possibilities identified in paragraph (b)(3) of 
this section are called ``individual'' and ``class'' waivers 
respectively, and the procedures for them are contained in Sec. 121.1204 
.
    (5) Any SBA waiver of the nonmanufacturer rule has no effect on 
requirements external to the Small Business Act which involve domestic 
sources of supply, such as the Buy American Act.
    (c) Kit assemblers. (1) Where the manufactured item being acquired 
is a kit of supplies or other goods provided by an offeror for a special 
purpose, the offeror cannot exceed 500 employees, and 50 percent of the 
total value of the components of the kit must be manufactured by 
business concerns in the United States which are small under the size 
standards for the SIC codes of the components being assembled. The 
offeror need not itself be the manufacturer of any of the items 
assembled.
    (2) Where the Government has specified an item for the kit which is 
not produced by U.S. small business concerns, such item shall be 
excluded from the calculation of total value in paragraph (c)(1) of this 
section.
    (d) Simplified Acquisition Procedures. Where the procurement of a 
manufactured item is processed under Simplified Acquisition Procedures, 
as defined in Sec. 13.101 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 
(48 CFR 13.101), and where the anticipated cost of the procurement will 
not exceed $25,000, the offeror need not supply the end product of a 
small business concern as long as the product acquired is manufactured 
or produced in the United States, and the offeror does not exceed 500 
employees. The offeror need not itself be the manufacturer of any of the 
items acquired.

[61 FR 3286, Jan. 31, 1996; 61 FR 7986, Mar. 1, 1996]



Sec. 121.407  What are the size procedures for multiple item procurements?

    If a procurement calls for two or more specific end items or types 
of services with different size standards and the offeror may submit an 
offer on any or all end items or types of services, the offeror must 
meet the size standard for each end item or service item for which it 
submits an offer. If the procurement calls for more than one specific 
end item or type of service and an offeror is required to submit an

[[Page 211]]

offer on all items, the offeror may qualify as a small business for the 
procurement if it meets the size standard of the item which accounts for 
the greatest percentage of the total contract value.



Sec. 121.408  What are the size procedures for SBA's Certificate of Competency Program?

    (a) A firm which applies for a COC must file an ``Application for 
Small Business Size Determination'' (SBA Form 355). If the initial 
review of SBA Form 355 indicates the applicant, including its 
affiliates, is small for purposes of the COC program, SBA will process 
the application for COC. If the review indicates the applicant, 
including its affiliates, is other than small, SBA will initiate a 
formal size determination as set forth in Sec. 121.1009. In such a case, 
SBA will not further process the COC application until a formal size 
determination is made.
    (b) A concern is ineligible for a COC if a formal SBA size 
determination finds the concern other than small.



Sec. 121.409  What size standard applies in an unrestricted procurement for Certificate of Competency purposes?

    For the purpose of receiving a Certificate of Competency in an 
unrestricted procurement, the applicable size standard is that 
corresponding to the SIC code set forth in the solicitation. For a 
manufactured product, a concern must also furnish a domestically 
produced or manufactured product, regardless of the size status of the 
product manufacturer. The offeror need not be the manufacturer of any of 
the items acquired.



Sec. 121.410  What are the size standards for SBA's Section 8(d) Subcontracting Program?

    For subcontracting purposes pursuant to section 8(d) of the Small 
Business Act, a concern is small:
    (a) For subcontracts of $10,000 or less which relate to Government 
procurements, if its number of employees (including its affiliates) does 
not exceed 500 employees. However, subcontracts for engineering services 
awarded under the National Energy Policy Act of 1992 have the same size 
standard as Military and Aerospace Equipment and Military Weapons under 
SIC code 8711;
    (b) For subcontracts exceeding $10,000 which relate to Government 
procurements, if its number of employees or average annual receipts 
(including its affiliates) does not exceed the size standard for the 
product or service it is providing on the subcontract; and
    (c) For subcontracts for financial services, if the concern 
(including its affiliates) is a commercial bank or savings and loan 
association whose assets do not exceed $100 million.



Sec. 121.411  What are the size procedures for SBA's Section 8(d) Subcontracting Program?

    (a) Prime contractors may rely on the information contained in SBA's 
Procurement Automated Source System (PASS), or equivalent data base 
maintained or sanctioned by SBA, as an accurate representation of a 
concern's size and ownership characteristics for purposes of maintaining 
a small business source list. Even though a concern is on a small 
business source list, it must still qualify and self-certify as a small 
business at the time it submits its offer as a section 8(d) 
subcontractor.
    (b) Upon determination of the successful subcontract offeror for a 
competitive subcontract, but prior to award, the prime contractor must 
inform each unsuccessful subcontract offeror in writing of the name and 
location of the apparent successful offeror.
    (c) The self-certification of a concern subcontracting or proposing 
to subcontract under section 8(d) of the Small Business Act may be 
protested by the contracting officer, the prime contractor, the 
appropriate SBA official or any other interested party.



Sec. 121.412  What are the size procedures for partial small business set-asides?

    A firm is required to meet size standard requirements only for the 
small business set-aside portion of a procurement, and is not required 
to qualify as a small business for the unrestricted portion.

[[Page 212]]



Sec. 121.413  What size must a concern be to be eligible for the Very Small Business program?

    A concern is a very small business (see Sec. 125.7 of this chapter) 
if, together with its affiliates, it has no more than 15 employees and 
its average annual receipts do not exceed $1 million.

[63 FR 46642, Sept. 2, 1998]

 Size Eligibility Requirements for Sales or Lease of Government Property



Sec. 121.501  What programs for sales or leases of Government property are subject to size determinations?

    Sections 121.501 through 121.512 apply to small business size 
determinations for the purpose of the sale or lease of Government 
property, including the Timber Sales Program, the Special Salvage Timber 
Sales Program, and the sale of Government petroleum, coal and uranium.



Sec. 121.502  What size standards are applicable to programs for sales or leases of Government property?

    (a) Unless otherwise specified in this part--
    (1) A concern primarily engaged in manufacturing is small for sales 
or leases of Government property if it does not exceed 500 employees;
    (2) A concern not primarily engaged in manufacturing is small for 
sales or leases of Government property if it has annual receipts not 
exceeding $2 million.
    (b) Size status for such sales and leases is determined by the 
primary industry of the applicant business concern.



Sec. 121.503  Are SBA size determinations binding on parties?

    Formal size determinations based upon a specific Government sale or 
lease, or made in response to a request from another Government agency 
under Sec. 121.901, are binding upon the parties. Other SBA opinions 
provided to contracting officers or others are only advisory, and are 
not binding or appealable.



Sec. 121.504  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?

    SBA determines the size status of a concern (including its 
affiliates) as of the date the concern submits a written self-
certification that it is small to the Government as part of its initial 
offer including price where there is a specific sale or lease at issue, 
or as set forth in Sec. 121.903 if made in response to a request of 
another Government agency.



Sec. 121.505  What is the effect of a self-certification?

    (a) A contracting officer may accept a concern's self-certification 
as true for the particular sale or lease involved, in the absence of a 
written protest by other offerors or other credible information which 
would cause the contracting officer or SBA to question the size of the 
concern.
    (b) Procedures for protesting the self-certification of an offeror 
are set forth in Secs. 121.1001 through 121.1009.



Sec. 121.506  What definitions are important for sales or leases of Government-owned timber?

    (a) Forest product industry means logging, wood preserving, and the 
manufacture of lumber and wood related products such as veneer, plywood, 
hardboard, particle board, or wood pulp, and of products of which lumber 
or wood related products are the principal raw materials.
    (b) Logging of timber means felling and bucking, yarding, and/or 
loading. It does not mean hauling.
    (c) Manufacture of logs means, at a minimum, breaking down logs into 
rough cuts of the finished product.
    (d) Sell means, in addition to its usual and customary meaning, the 
exchange of sawlogs for sawlogs on a product-for-product basis with or 
without monetary adjustment, and an indirect transfer, such as the sale 
of the assets of a concern after it has been awarded one or more set-
aside sales of timber.
    (e) Significant logging of timber means that a concern uses its own 
employees to perform at least two of the following: felling and bucking, 
yarding, and loading.

[[Page 213]]



Sec. 121.507  What are the size standards and other requirements for the purchase of Government-owned timber (other than Special Salvage Timber)?

    (a) To be small for purposes of the sale of Government-owned timber 
(other than Special Salvage Timber) a concern must:
    (1) Be primarily engaged in the logging or forest products industry;
    (2) Not exceed 500 employees, taking into account its affiliates; 
and
    (3) If it does not intend at the time of the offer to resell the 
timber--
    (i) Agree that it will manufacture the logs with its own facilities 
or those of another business which meets the requirements of paragraphs 
(a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section;
    (ii) Agree that if it eventually resells the timber, it will resell 
no more than 30% of the sawtimber volume to other businesses which do 
not meet the requirements of paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this 
section; and
    (iii) Agree that if it becomes acquired or controlled by a business 
which does not meet the requirements of paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of 
this section, it will require as a condition of the acquisition or 
change of control that the acquiring or controlling business resell at 
least 70% of the sawtimber volume to businesses which do meet the 
requirements of paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section; or
    (4) If it intends at the time of offer to resell the timber--
    (i) Agree that it will not sell more than 30% of such timber (50% of 
such timber if the concern is an Alaskan business) to a business which 
does not meet the requirements of paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this 
section; and
    (ii) Agree that if it becomes acquired or controlled by a business 
which does not meet the requirements of paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of 
this section, it will require as a condition of the acquisition or 
change of control that the acquiring or controlling business resell at 
least 70% of the sawtimber volume (or at least 50% of the sawtimber 
volume, if it is an Alaskan business) to businesses which meet the 
requirements of paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section.
    (b) For a period of three years following the date upon which a 
concern purchases timber under a small business set-aside (other than 
through the Special Salvage Timber Sale program), it must maintain a 
record of:
    (1) The name, address and size status of every concern to which it 
sells the timber or sawlogs; and
    (2) The species, grades and volumes of sawlogs sold.
    (c) For a period of three years following the date upon which a 
concern purchases timber, it must by contract require all small business 
repurchasers of the sawlogs or timber it purchased under the small 
business set-aside to maintain the records described in paragraph (b) of 
this section.



Sec. 121.508  What are the size standards and other requirements for the purchase of Government-owned Special Salvage Timber?

    (a) In order to purchase Government-owned Special Salvage Timber 
from the United States Forest Service or the Bureau of Land Management 
as a small business, a concern must:
    (1) Be primarily engaged in the logging or forest product industry;
    (2) Have, together with its affiliates, no more than twenty-five 
employees during any pay period for the last twelve months; and
    (3) If it does not intend at the time of offer to resell the 
timber--
    (i) Agree that it will manufacture a significant portion of the logs 
with its own employees; and
    (ii) Agree that it will log the timber only with its own employees 
or with employees of another business which is eligible for award of a 
Special Salvage Timber sales contract; or
    (4) If it intends at the time of offer to resell the timber, agree 
that it will perform a significant portion of timber logging with its 
own employees and that it will subcontract the remainder of the timber 
logging to a concern which is eligible for award of a Special Salvage 
Timber sales contract.



Sec. 121.509  What is the size standard for leasing of Government land for coal mining?

    A concern is small for this purpose if it:

[[Page 214]]

    (a) Together with its affiliates, does not have more than 250 
employees;
    (b) Maintains management and control of the actual mining operations 
of the tract; and
    (c) Agrees that if it subleases the Government land, it will be to 
another small business, and that it will require its sublessors to agree 
to the same.



Sec. 121.510  What is the size standard for leasing of Government land for uranium mining?

    A concern is small for this purpose if it, together with its 
affiliates, does not have more than 100 employees.



Sec. 121.511  What is the size standard for buying Government-owned petroleum?

    A concern is small for this purpose if it is primarily engaged in 
petroleum refining and meets the size standard for a petroleum refining 
business.



Sec. 121.512  What is the size standard for stockpile purchases?

    A concern is small for this purpose if:
    (a) It is primarily engaged in the purchase of materials which are 
not domestic products; and
    (b) Its annual receipts, together with its affiliates, do not exceed 
$42 million.

 Size Eligibility Requirements for the Minority Enterprise Development 
                              (MED) Program



Sec. 121.601  What is a small business for purposes of admission to SBA's Minority Enterprise Development (MED) program?

    An applicant must be small under the size standard corresponding to 
its primary industry classification in order to be admitted to SBA's 
Minority Enterprise Development (MED) program.



Sec. 121.602  At what point in time must a MED applicant be small?

    A MED applicant must be small for its primary industry at the time 
SBA certifies it for admission into the program.



Sec. 121.603  How does SBA determine whether a Participant is small for a particular MED subcontract?

    (a) Self certification by Participant. A MED Participant must 
certify that it qualifies as a small business under the SIC code 
assigned to a particular MED subcontract as part of its initial offer 
including price to the procuring agency. The Participant also must 
submit a copy of its offer, including its self-certification as to size, 
to the appropriate SBA district office at the same time it submits the 
offer to the procuring agency. See Sec. 121.404 for the time at which 
size is determined for, and Sec. 121.406 for the applicability of the 
nonmanufacturer rule to, MED procurements.
    (b) Verification of size by SBA. Within 30 days of its receipt of a 
Participant's size self-certification for a particular MED subcontract, 
the SBA district office serving the geographic area in which the 
Participant's principal office is located will review the Participant's 
self-certification and determine if it is small for purposes of that 
subcontract. The SBA district office will review the Participant's most 
recent financial statements and other relevant data and then notify the 
Participant of its decision.
    (c) Changes in size between date of self-certification and date of 
award. (1) Where SBA verifies that the selected Participant is small for 
a particular procurement, subsequent changes in size up to the date of 
award, except those due to merger with or acquisition by another 
business concern, will not affect the firm's size status for that 
procurement.
    (2) Where a Participant has merged with or been acquired by another 
business concern between the date of its self-certification and the date 
of award, the concern must recertify its size status, and SBA must 
verify the new certification before award can occur.
    (d) Finding Participant to be other than small. (1) A Participant 
may request a formal size determination (pursuant to Secs. 121.1001 
through 121.1009) with the SBA Government Contracting Area Office 
serving the geographic area in which the principal office of the 
Participant is located within 5 working days of its receipt of notice 
from the SBA district office that it is not small for a particular MED 
subcontract.

[[Page 215]]

    (2) Where the Participant does not timely request a formal size 
determination, SBA may accept the procurement in support of another 
Participant, or may rescind its acceptance of the offer for the MED 
program, as appropriate.



Sec. 121.604  Are MED Participants considered small for purposes of other SBA assistance?

    A concern which SBA determines to be a small business for the award 
of a MED subcontract will be considered to have met applicable size 
eligibility requirements of other SBA programs where that assistance 
directly and primarily relates to the performance of the MED subcontract 
in question.

Size Eligibility Requirements for the Small Business Innovation Research 
                             (SBIR) Program



Sec. 121.701  What SBIR programs are subject to size determinations?

    (a) These sections apply to size status for award of a funding 
agreement pursuant to the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 
1982 (Pub. L. 97-219, 15 U.S.C. 638(e) through (k)).
    (b) Funding agreement officer means a contracting officer, a grants 
officer, or a cooperative agreement officer.
    (c) Funding agreement means any contract, grant or cooperative 
agreement entered into between any Federal agency and any small business 
for the performance of experimental, developmental, or research work 
funded in whole or in part by the Federal Government. Such work 
includes:
    (1) A systematic, intensive study directed toward greater knowledge 
or understanding of the subject studied;
    (2) A systematic study directed specifically toward applying new 
knowledge to meet a recognized need; or
    (3) A systematic application of knowledge toward the production of 
useful materials, devices, and systems or methods, including design, 
development, and improvement of prototypes and new processes to meet 
specific requirements.



Sec. 121.702  What size standards are applicable to the SBIR program?

    To be eligible to compete for award of funding agreements in SBA's 
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, a business concern 
must:
    (a) Be at least 51 percent owned and controlled by one or more 
individuals who are citizens of, or permanent resident aliens in, the 
United States; and
    (b) Not have more than 500 employees, including its affiliates.



Sec. 121.703  Are formal size determinations binding on parties?

    Size determinations by authorized SBA officials are formal actions 
based upon a specific funding agreement, and are binding upon the 
parties. Other SBA opinions provided to funding agreement officers or 
others, are only advisory, and are not binding or appealable.



Sec. 121.704  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?

    The size status of a concern for the purpose of a funding agreement 
under the SBIR program is determined as of the date of the award for 
both Phase I and Phase II SBIR awards.



Sec. 121.705  Must a business concern self-certify its size status?

    (a) A firm must self-certify it is small in its SBIR funding 
proposal.
    (b) A funding agreement officer may accept a concern's self-
certification as true for the particular funding agreement involved in 
the absence of a written protest by other offerors or other credible 
information which would cause the funding agreement officer or SBA to 
question the size of the concern.
    (c) Procedures for protesting an offeror's self-certification are 
set forth in Secs. 121.1001 through 121.1009.

      Size Eligibility Requirements for Paying Reduced Patent Fees



Sec. 121.801  May patent fees be reduced if a concern is small?

    These sections apply to size status for the purpose of paying 
reduced patent fees authorized by Pub. L. 97-247, 96 Stat. 317. The 
eligibility requirements for independent inventors and nonprofit 
organizations for the purpose of paying reduced patent fees are set 
forth in regulations of the Patent and

[[Page 216]]

Trademark Office of the Department of Commerce, 37 CFR 1.9, 1.27, 1.28.



Sec. 121.802  What size standards are applicable to reduced patent fees programs?

    A concern eligible for reduced patent fees is one:
    (a) Whose number of employees, including affiliates, does not exceed 
500 persons; and
    (b) Which has not assigned, granted, conveyed, or licensed (and is 
under no obligation to do so) any rights in the invention to any person 
who made it and could not be classified as an independent inventor, or 
to any concern which would not qualify as a non-profit organization or a 
small business concern under this section.



Sec. 121.803  Are formal size determinations binding on parties?

    Size determinations by authorized SBA officials are formal actions, 
based upon a specific patent application pursuant to the rules of the 
Patent and Trademark Office, Department of Commerce, and are binding 
upon the parties. Other SBA opinions provided to patent applicants or 
others are only advisory, and are not binding or appealable.



Sec. 121.804  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?

    Size status is determined as of the date of the patent applicant's 
written verification of size.



Sec. 121.805  May a business concern self-certify its size status?

    (a) A concern verifies its size status with its submission of its 
patent application.
    (b) Any attempt to establish small size status improperly 
(fraudulently, through gross negligence, or otherwise) may result in 
remedial action by the Patent and Trademark Office.
    (c) In the absence of credible information indicating otherwise, the 
Patent and Trademark Office may accept the verification by the concern 
as a small business as true.
    (d) Questions concerning the size verification are resolved 
initially by the Patent and Trademark Office. If not verified as small, 
the applicant may request a formal SBA size determination.

  Size Eligibility Requirements for Compliance With Programs of Other 
                                Agencies



Sec. 121.901  Can other Government agencies obtain SBA size determinations?

    Upon request by another Government agency, SBA will provide a size 
determination, under SBA rules, standards and procedures, for its use in 
determining compliance with small business requirements of its statutes, 
regulations or programs.



Sec. 121.902  What size standards are applicable to programs of other agencies?

    (a) SBA size standards. The size standards for compliance with 
programs of other agencies are those for SBA programs which are most 
comparable to the programs of such other agencies, unless otherwise 
agreed by the agency and SBA.
    (b) Special size standards. (1) Federal agencies or departments 
promulgating regulations relating to small businesses usually use SBA 
size criteria. In limited circumstances, if they decide the SBA size 
standard is not appropriate, then agency heads may establish a small 
business definition for the exclusive use of such program which is more 
appropriate, but only when:
    (i) The size standard is first proposed for public comment pursuant 
to the Administrative Procedure Act, 4 U.S.C. 553;
    (ii) The proposed size standard provides for determining size 
measured by average number of employees over 12 months for manufacturing 
concerns, average annual revenues over three years for concerns 
providing services, and data over a period of not less than three years 
for all other concerns (unless approved by SBA, ``annual receipts'' and 
``number of employees'' must be determined in accordance with 
Secs. 121.104 and 121.106, respectively); and
    (iii) The proposed size standard is approved by SBA's Administrator.
    (2) In order to receive the approval of SBA's Administrator, the 
agency head must:

[[Page 217]]

    (i) Request approval prior to publishing the proposed rule 
containing the size standard. The request must include: an explanation 
of the contemplated industry size standard, the reasons the SBA size 
standard is not appropriate, and the reasons the proposed size standard 
would be appropriate; and a certification that there will be compliance 
with the criteria set forth in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (b)(1)(ii) of 
this section; and
    (ii) Agree to provide written notice to SBA's Administrator prior to 
publishing the contemplated size standard as a final rule. The notice 
must include: a copy of the intended final rule, including the preamble, 
or a separate written justification for the intended size standard 
followed by a copy of the intended final rule and preamble prior to its 
publication; copies of all public comments relating to the size standard 
received in response to the proposed rule; and any other supporting 
documentation relevant to the size standard and requested by SBA's 
Administrator.
    (3) When approving any size standard established pursuant to 
subsection (b) of this section, SBA's Administrator will ensure that the 
size standard varies from industry to industry to the extent necessary 
to reflect the differing characteristics of the various industries, and 
consider other relevant factors.
    (4) Where the agency head is developing a size standard for the sole 
purpose of performing a Regulatory Flexibility Analysis pursuant to the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act, the department or agency may, after 
consultation with the SBA Office of Advocacy, establish a size standard 
different from SBA's which is more appropriate for such analysis.



Sec. 121.903  When does SBA determine the size status of a business concern?

    For the purpose of compliance with programs of other agencies, SBA 
will base its size determination on the size of the concern as of the 
date set forth in the request of the other agency.

Procedures for Size Protests and Requests for Formal Size Determinations



Sec. 121.1001  Who may initiate a size protest or request a formal size determination?

    (a) Size Status Protests. (1) For SBA's Small Business Set-Aside 
Program, including the Property Sales Program, the following entities 
may file a size protest in connection with a particular procurement or 
sale:
    (i) Any offeror;
    (ii) The contracting officer;
    (iii) The SBA Government Contracting Area Director having 
responsibility for the area in which the headquarters of the protested 
offeror is located, regardless of the location of a parent company or 
affiliates, or the Associate Administrator for Government Contracting; 
and
    (iv) Other interested parties. Other interested parties include 
large businesses where only one concern submitted an offer for the 
specific procurement in question. A concern found to be other than small 
in connection with the procurement is not an interested party unless 
there is only one remaining offeror after the concern is found to be 
other than small.
    (2) For competitive 8(a) contracts, the following entities may 
protest:
    (i) Any offeror;
    (ii) The contracting officer; or
    (iii) The SBA District Director, or designee, in either the district 
office serving the geographical area in which the procuring activity is 
located or the district office that services the apparent successful 
offeror, or the Associate Administrator for 8(a) Business Development.
    (3) For SBA's Subcontracting Program, the following entities may 
protest:
    (i) The prime contractor;
    (ii) The contracting officer;
    (iii) Other potential subcontractors;
    (iv) The responsible SBA Government Contracting Area Director or the 
Associate Administrator for Government Contracting; and
    (v) Other interested parties.
    (4) For SBA's Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, the 
following entities may protest:

[[Page 218]]

    (i) A prospective offeror;
    (ii) The funding agreement officer;
    (iii) The responsible SBA Government Contracting Area Director or 
the Assistant Administrator for Technology; and
    (iv) Other interested parties.
    (5) For the Department of Defense's Small Disadvantaged Business 
(SDB) Program, and any other similar program of another Federal agency, 
the following entities may file a protest in connection with a 
particular SDB procurement:
    (i) Any offeror for the specific SDB requirement;
    (ii) The contracting officer; and
    (iii) The responsible SBA Government Contracting Area Director, the 
Associate Administrator for Government Contracting, or the Associate 
Administrator for MED.
    (6) For SBA's HUBZone program, the following entities may protest in 
connection with a particular HUBZone procurement:
    (i) Any concern that submits an offer for a specific HUBZone set-
aside contract;
    (ii) Any concern that submitted an offer in full and open 
competition and its opportunity for award will be affected by a price 
evaluation preference given a qualified HUBZone SBC;
    (iii) The contracting officer; and
    (iv) The Associate Administrator for Government Contracting, or 
designee.
    (7) For any unrestricted Government procurement in which status as a 
small business may be beneficial, including, but not limited to, the 
award of a contract to a small business where there are tie bids, the 
opportunity to seek a Certificate of Competency by a small business, and 
SDB price evaluation preferences, the following entities may protest in 
connection with a particular procurement:
    (i) Any offeror;
    (ii) The contracting officer; and
    (iii) The responsible SBA Government Contracting Area Director, the 
Associate Administrator for Government Contracting, or the Associate 
Administrator for MED.
    (b) Request for Size Determinations. (1) For SBA's Financial 
Assistance Programs, the following entities may request a formal size 
determination:
    (i) The applicant for assistance; and
    (ii) The SBA official with authority to take final action on the 
assistance requested. That official may also request the appropriate 
Government Contracting Area Office to determine whether affiliation 
exists between an applicant for financial assistance and one or more 
other entities for purposes of determining whether the applicant would 
exceed the loan limit amount imposed by Sec. 120.151 of this chapter.
    (2) For SBA's 8(a) BD program:
    (i) Concerning initial or continued 8(a) BD eligibility, the 
following entities may request a formal size determination:
    (A) The 8(a) BD applicant concern or Participant; or
    (B) The Assistant Administrator of the Division of Program 
Certification and Eligibility or the Associate Administrator for 8(a)BD.
    (ii) Concerning individual sole source 8(a) contract awards, the 
following entities may request a formal size determination:
    (A) The Participant nominated for award of the particular sole 
source contract;
    (B) The SBA program official with authority to execute the 8(a) 
contract; or
    (C) The SBA District Director in the district office that services 
the Participant, or the Associate Administrator for 8(a)BD.
    (3) For SBA's Certificate of Competency Program, the following 
entities may request a formal size determination:
    (i) The offeror who has applied for a COC; and
    (ii) The responsible SBA Government Contracting Area Director or the 
Associate Administrator for Government Contracting.
    (4) For SBA's sale or lease of government property, the following 
entities may request a formal size determination:
    (i) The responsible SBA Government Contracting Area Director or the 
Associate Administrator for Government Contracting; and
    (ii) Authorized officials of other Federal agencies administering a 
property sales program.

[[Page 219]]

    (5) For eligibility to pay reduced patent fees, the following 
entities may request a formal size determination:
    (i) The applicant for the reduced patent fees; and
    (ii) The Patent and Trademark Office.
    (6) For purposes of determining compliance with small business 
requirements of another Government agency program not otherwise 
specified in this section, an official with authority to administer the 
program involved may request a formal size determination.

[61 FR 3286, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 31907, June 11, 1998; 63 
FR 35739, June 30, 1998]



Sec. 121.1002  Who makes a formal size determination?

    The responsible Government Contracting Area Director or designee 
makes all formal size determinations in response to either a size 
protest or a request for a formal size determination, with the exception 
of size determinations for purposes of the Disaster Loan Program, which 
will be made by the Disaster Area Office Director or designee 
responsible for the area in which the disaster occurred.



Sec. 121.1003  Where should a size protest be filed?

    A protest involving a government procurement or sale must be filed 
with the contracting officer for the procurement or sale, who must 
forward the protest to the SBA Government Contracting Area Office 
serving the area in which the headquarters of the protested concern is 
located, regardless of the location of any parent company or affiliates.



Sec. 121.1004  What time limits apply to size protests?

    (a) Protests by entities other than contracting officers or SBA. (1) 
Non-negotiated procurement or sale. A protest must be received by the 
contracting officer prior to the close of business on the 5th day, 
exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, after bid or 
proposal opening.
    (2) Negotiated procurement. A protest must be received by the 
contracting officer prior to the close of business on the 5th day, 
exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, after the 
contracting officer has notified the protestor of the identity of the 
prospective awardee.
    (3) Multiple award schedule. On a multiple award schedule 
procurement set aside for small business, protests will be considered 
timely if received by SBA at any time prior to the expiration of the 
contract period (including renewals).
    (b) Protests by contracting officers or SBA. The time limitations in 
paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to contracting officers or 
SBA, and they may file protests before or after awards, except to the 
extent set forth in paragraph (e) of this section.
    (c) Effect of contract award. A timely filed protest applies to the 
procurement in question even though a contracting officer awarded the 
contract prior to receipt of the protest.
    (d) Untimely protests. A protest received after the allotted time 
limits must still be forwarded to SBA. SBA will dismiss untimely 
protests.
    (e) Premature protests. A protest filed by any party, including the 
contracting officer, before bid opening or notification to offerors of 
the selection of the apparent successful offer will be dismissed as 
premature.



Sec. 121.1005  How must a protest be filed with the contracting officer?

    A protest must be delivered to the contracting officer by hand, 
telegram, mail, FAX, or telephone. If a protest is made by telephone, 
the contracting officer must later receive a confirming letter either 
within the 5-day period in Sec. 121.1004(a)(1) or postmarked no later 
than one day after the date of the telephone protest.



Sec. 121.1006  When will a size protest be referred to an SBA Government Contracting Area Office?

    (a) A contracting officer who receives a protest (other than from 
SBA) must forward the protest promptly to the SBA Government Contracting 
Area Office serving the area in which the headquarters of the offeror is 
located.
    (b) A contracting officer's referral must contain the following 
information:

[[Page 220]]

    (1) The protest and any accompanying materials;
    (2) A copy of the self-certification as to size;
    (3) Identification of the applicable size standard;
    (4) A copy of the solicitation;
    (5) Identification of the date of bid opening or notification 
provided to unsuccessful offerors;
    (6) The date on which the protest was received; and
    (7) A complete address and point of contact for the protested 
concern.



Sec. 121.1007  Must a protest of size status relate to a particular procurement and be specific?

    (a) Particular procurement. A protest challenging the size of a 
concern which does not pertain to a particular procurement or sale will 
not be acted on by SBA.
    (b) A protest must include specific facts. A protest must be 
sufficiently specific to provide reasonable notice as to the grounds 
upon which the protested concern's size is questioned. Some basis for 
the belief or allegation stated in the protest must be given. A protest 
merely alleging that the protested concern is not small or is affiliated 
with unnamed other concerns does not specify adequate grounds for the 
protest. No particular form is prescribed for a protest. Where materials 
supporting the protest are available, they should be submitted with the 
protest.
    (c) Non-specific protests will be dismissed. Protests which do not 
contain sufficient specificity will be dismissed by SBA.



Sec. 121.1008  What happens after SBA receives a size protest or a request for a formal size determination?

    (a) When a size protest is received, the SBA Government Contracting 
Area Director, or designee, will promptly notify the contracting 
officer, the protested concern, and the protestor that a protest has 
been received. In the event the size protest pertains to a requirement 
involving SBA's HUBZone Program, the Government Contracting Area 
Director will advise the AA/HUB of receipt of the protest. In the event 
the size protest pertains to a requirement involving SBA's SBIR Program, 
the Government Contracting Area Director will advise the Assistant 
Administrator for Technology of the receipt of the protest. SBA will 
provide a copy of the protest to the protested concern along with a 
blank SBA Application for Small Business Size Determination (SBA Form 
355) by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by any overnight 
delivery service that provides proof of receipt. SBA will ask the 
protested concern to respond to the allegations of the protestor.
    (b) When SBA receives a request for a formal size determination in 
accord with Sec. 121.1001(b), SBA will provide a blank copy of SBA Form 
355 to the concern whose size is at issue.
    (c) The protested concern or concern whose size is at issue must 
return the completed SBA Form 355 and all other requested information to 
SBA within 3 working days from the date of receipt of the blank form 
from SBA. SBA has discretion to grant an extension of time to file the 
form. The firm must attach to the completed SBA Form 355 its answers to 
the allegations contained in the protest, where applicable, together 
with any supporting material.
    (d) If a concern does not submit a completed SBA Form 355, answers 
to the protest allegations, or other requested information within the 
allotted time provided by SBA, or if it submits incomplete information, 
SBA may presume that disclosure of the form, any information missing 
from it, or other missing information would show or tend to show that 
the concern is other than a small business.

[61 FR 3286, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 31908, June 11, 1998]



Sec. 121.1009  What are the procedures for making the size determination?

    (a) Time frame for making size determination. After receipt of a 
protest or a request for a formal size determination, SBA will make a 
formal size determination within 10 working days, if possible.
    (b) Basis for determination. The size determination will be based 
primarily on information supplied by the protestor or the entity 
requesting the size determination and the subject concern. The 
determination, however, may also be based on other grounds not

[[Page 221]]

raised in the protest or request for size determination. SBA may utilize 
other information in its files and may make inquiries including requests 
to the protestor, the protested concern and any alleged affiliates, or 
other persons for additional specific information.
    (c) Burden of persuasion. The concern whose size is under 
consideration has the burden of establishing its small business size.
    (d) Weight of evidence. SBA will give greater weight to specific, 
signed, factual evidence than to general, unsupported allegations or 
opinions. In the case of refusal or failure to furnish requested 
information within a required time period, SBA may assume that 
disclosure would be contrary to the interests of the party failing to 
make disclosure.
    (e) Formal size determination. The SBA will base its formal size 
determination upon the record, including reasonable inferences from the 
record, and will state in writing the basis for its findings and 
conclusions.
    (f) Notification of determination. SBA will promptly notify the 
contracting officer, the protestor, and the protested offeror, as well 
as each affiliate or alleged affiliate, of the size determination. The 
notification will be by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by 
any overnight delivery service that provides proof of receipt.
    (g) Results of an SBA size determination. (1) A formal size 
determination becomes effective immediately and remains in full force 
and effect unless and until reversed by OHA.
    (2) Once SBA has determined that a concern is other than small for 
purposes of a particular procurement, the concern cannot later become 
eligible for the procurement by reducing its size.
    (3) A concern determined to be other than small for a particular 
size standard is ineligible for any procurement or assistance authorized 
by the Small Business Act or the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, 
requiring the same or a lower size standard, unless recertified as small 
pursuant to Sec. 121.1010. Following an adverse size determination, a 
concern cannot again self-certify as small within the same or a lower 
size standard unless it is recertified as small by SBA. If it does so, 
it may be in violation of criminal laws, including section 16(d) of the 
Small Business Act, 15 U.S.C. 645(d). If the concern has already 
certified itself as small on a pending procurement or on another 
assistance application, the concern must immediately inform the 
officials responsible for the pending procurement or other requested 
assistance of the adverse size determination.
    (h) Limited reopening of size determinations. In cases where the 
size determination contains clear administrative error or a clear 
mistake of fact, SBA may, in its sole discretion, reopen the size 
determination to correct the error or mistake, provided the case has not 
been accepted for review by OHA.



Sec. 121.1010  How does a concern become recertified as a small business?

    (a) A concern may request SBA to recertify it as small at any time 
by filing an application for recertification with the Government 
Contracting Area Office responsible for the area in which the 
headquarters of the applicant is located, regardless of the location of 
parent companies or affiliates. No particular form is prescribed for the 
application; however, the request for recertification must be 
accompanied by a current completed SBA Form 355 and any other 
information sufficient to show a significant change in its ownership, 
management, or other factors bearing on its status as a small concern.
    (b) Recertification will not be required nor will the prohibition 
against future self-certification apply if the adverse SBA size 
determination is based solely on a finding of affiliation due to a joint 
venture (e.g., ostensible subcontracting) limited to a particular 
Government procurement or property sale, or is based on an ineligible 
manufacturer where the eligible small business bidder or offeror is a 
nonmanufacturer on a particular Government procurement.
    (c) A denial of an application for recertification is a formal size 
determination and may be reviewed by OHA at the discretion of that 
office.
    (d) The granting of an application for recertification has future 
effect only. While it is a formal size determination,

[[Page 222]]

notice of recertification is required to be given only to the applicant.

        Appeals of Size Determinations and SIC Code Designations



Sec. 121.1101  Are formal size determinations subject to appeal?

    There is no right of appeal of a size determination. OHA, however, 
may, in its sole discretion, review a formal size determination made by 
a SBA Government Contracting Area Office or by a Disaster Area Office. 
Unless OHA accepts a petition for review of a formal size determination, 
the size determination made by a SBA Government Contracting Area Office 
or by a Disaster Area Office is the final decision of SBA. The 
procedures for requesting discretionary reviews by OHA of formal size 
determinations are set forth in part 134 of this chapter.



Sec. 121.1102  Are SIC code designations subject to appeal?

    Appeals may be made to OHA, which has exclusive jurisdiction to 
determine appeals of SIC code designations pursuant to part 134 of this 
chapter.



Sec. 121.1103  What are the procedures for appealing a SIC code designation?

    (a) Generally, any interested party who has been adversely affected 
by a SIC code designation may appeal the designation to OHA. However, 
with respect to a particular sole source 8(a) contract, only the 
Associate Administrator for 8(a)BD may appeal.
    (b) Procedures for perfecting SIC code appeals with OHA are 
contained in Sec. 19.303 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations, 48 CFR 
19.303.

[61 FR 3286, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 35739, June 30, 1998]



                 Subpart B--Other Applicable Provisions

    Waivers of the Nonmanufacturer Rule for Classes of Products and 
                          Individual Contracts



Sec. 121.1201  What is the Nonmanufacturer Rule?

    The Nonmanufacturer Rule is set forth in Sec. 121.406(b).



Sec. 121.1202  When will a waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule be granted for a class of products?

    (a) A waiver for a class of products (class waiver) will be granted 
when there are no small business manufacturers or processors available 
to participate in the Federal market for that class of products.
    (b) Federal market means acquisitions by the Federal Government from 
offerors located in the United States, or such smaller area as SBA 
designates if it concludes that the class of products is not supplied on 
a national basis.
    (1) When considering the appropriate market area for a product, SBA 
presumes that the entire United States is the relevant Federal market, 
unless it is clearly demonstrated that a class of products cannot be 
procured on a national basis. This presumption may be particularly 
difficult to overcome in the case of manufactured products, since such 
items typically have a market area encompassing the entire United 
States.
    (2) When considering geographic segmentation of a Federal market, 
SBA will not necessarily use market definitions dependent on airline 
radius, political, or SBA regional boundaries. Market areas typically 
follow established transportation routes rather than jurisdictional 
borders. SBA examines the following factors, among others, in cases 
where geographic segmentation for a class of products is urged:
    (i) Whether perishability affects the area in which the product can 
practically be sold;
    (ii) Whether transportation costs are high as a proportion of the 
total value of the product so as to limit the economic distribution of 
the product;
    (iii) Whether there are legal barriers to transportation of the 
item;
    (iv) Whether a fixed, well-delineated boundary exists for the 
purported market area and whether this boundary has been stable over 
time; and
    (v) Whether a small business, not currently selling in the defined 
market area, could potentially enter the market from another area and 
supply the market at a reasonable price.
    (c) Available to participate in the context of the Federal market 
means that

[[Page 223]]

contractors exist that have been awarded or have performed a contract to 
supply a specific class of products to the Federal Government within 24 
months from the date of the request for waiver, either directly or 
through a dealer, or who have submitted an offer on a solicitation for 
that class of products within that time frame.
    (d) Class of products is an individual subdivision within a four-
digit Industry Number as established by the Office of Management and 
Budget in the SIC Manual.



Sec. 121.1203  When will a waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule be granted for an individual contract?

    An individual waiver for a product in a specific solicitation will 
be approved when the SBA Associate Administrator for Government 
Contracting reviews and accepts a contracting officer's determination 
that no small business manufacturer or processor can reasonably be 
expected to offer a product meeting the specifications of a 
solicitation, including the period of performance.



Sec. 121.1204  What are the procedures for requesting and granting waivers?

    (a) Waivers for classes of products. (1) SBA may, at its own 
initiative, examine a class of products for possible waiver of the 
Nonmanufacturer Rule.
    (2) Any interested person, business, association, or Federal agency 
may submit a request for a waiver for a particular class of products. 
Requests should be addressed or hand-carried to the Associate 
Administrator of Government Contracting, Small Business Administration, 
409 3rd Street SW., Washington, DC 20416.
    (3) Requests for a waiver of a class of products need not be in any 
particular form, but should include a statement of the class of products 
to be waived, the applicable SIC code, and detailed information on the 
efforts made to identify small business manufacturers or processors for 
the class.
    (4) If SBA decides that there are small business manufacturers or 
processors in the Federal procurement market, it will deny the request 
for waiver, issue notice of the denial, and provide the names, 
addresses, and telephone numbers of the sources found. If SBA does not 
initially confirm the existence of small business manufacturers or 
processors in the Federal market, it will:
    (i) Publish notices in the Commerce Business Daily and the Federal 
Register seeking information on small business manufacturers or 
processors, announcing a notice of intent to waive the Nonmanufacturer 
Rule for that class of products and affording the public a 15-day 
comment period; and
    (ii) If no small business sources are identified, publish a notice 
in the Federal Register stating that no small business sources were 
found and that a waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule for that class of 
products has been granted.
    (5) An expedited procedure for issuing a class waiver may be used 
for emergency situations, but only if the contracting officer provides a 
determination to the Associate Administrator for Government Contracting 
that the procurement is proceeding under the authority of FAR 
Sec. 6.302-2 (48 CFR 6.302-2) for ``unusual and compelling urgency,'' or 
provides a determination materially the same as one of unusual and 
compelling urgency. Under the expedited procedure, if a small business 
manufacturer or processor is not identified by a PASS search, the SBA 
will grant the waiver for the class of products and then publish a 
notice in the Federal Register. The notice will state that a waiver has 
been granted, and solicit public comment for future procurements.
    (6) The decision by the Associate Administrator for Government 
Contracting to grant or deny a waiver is the final decision by the 
Agency.
    (7) A waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule for classes of products has 
no specific time limitation. SBA will, however, periodically review 
existing class waivers to the Nonmanufacturer Rule to determine if small 
business manufacturers or processors have become available to 
participate in the Federal market for the waived classes of products and 
the waiver should be terminated.
    (i) Upon SBA's receipt of evidence that a small business 
manufacturer or processor exists in the Federal market

[[Page 224]]

for a waived class of products, the waiver will be terminated by the 
Associate Administrator for Government Contracting. This evidence may be 
discovered by SBA during a periodic review of existing waivers or may be 
brought to SBA's attention by other sources.
    (ii) SBA will announce its intent to terminate a waiver for a class 
of products through the publication of a notice in the Federal Register, 
asking for comments regarding the proposed termination.
    (iii) Unless public comment reveals that no small business 
manufacturer or processor in fact exists for the class of products in 
question, SBA will publish a final Notice of Termination in the Federal 
Register.
    (b) Individual waivers for specific solicitations. (1) A contracting 
officer's request for a waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule for specific 
solicitations need not be in any particular form, but must, at a 
minimum, include:
    (i) A definitive statement of the specific item to be waived and 
justification as to why the specific item is required;
    (ii) The solicitation number, SIC code, dollar amount of the 
procurement, and a brief statement of the procurement history;
    (iii) A determination by the contracting officer that there are no 
known small business manufacturers or processors for the requested items 
(the determination must contain a narrative statement of the contracting 
officer's efforts to search for small business manufacturers or 
processors of the item and the results of those efforts, and a statement 
by the contracting officer that there are no known small business 
manufacturers for the items and that no small business manufacturer or 
processor can reasonably be expected to offer the required items); and
    (iv) For contracts expected to exceed $500,000, a copy of the 
Statement of Work.
    (2) Requests should be addressed to the Associate Administrator for 
Government Contracting, Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street, 
SW., Washington, DC 20416.
    (3) SBA will examine the contracting officer's determination and any 
other information it deems necessary to make an informed decision on the 
individual waiver request. If SBA's research verifies that no small 
business manufacturers or processors exist for the item, the Associate 
Administrator for Government Contracting will grant an individual, one-
time waiver. If a small business manufacturer or processor is found for 
the product in question, the Associate Administrator will deny the 
request. Either decision represents a final decision by SBA.



Sec. 121.1205  How is a list of previously granted class waivers obtained?

    A list of classes of products for which waivers of the 
Nonmanufacturer Rule have been granted will be maintained in SBA's 
Procurement Automated Source System (PASS). A list of such waivers may 
also be obtained by contacting the Office of Government Contracting at 
the Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street, SW., Washington, DC 
20416, or at the nearest SBA Government Contracting Area Office.



PART 123--DISASTER LOAN PROGRAM--Table of Contents




                                Overview

123.1  What do these rules cover?
123.2  What are disaster loans and disaster declarations?
123.3  How are disaster declarations made?
123.4  What is a disaster area and why is it important?
123.5  What kinds of loans are available?
123.6  What does SBA look for when considering a disaster loan 
          applicant?
123.7  Are  there restrictions on how disaster loans can be used?
123.8  Does SBA charge any fees for obtaining a disaster loan?
123.9  What happens if I don't use loan proceeds for the intended 
          purpose?
123.10  What happens if I cannot use my insurance proceeds to make 
          repairs?
123.11  Does SBA require collateral for any of its disaster loans?
123.12  Are books and records required?
123.13  What happens if my loan application is denied?
123.14  How does the Federal Debt Collection Procedures Act of 1990 
          apply?
123.15  What if I change my mind?
123.16  How are loans administered and serviced?
123.17  Do other Federal requirements apply?

[[Page 225]]

123.18  Can I request an increase in the amount of a physical disaster 
          loan?
123.19  May I request an increase in the amount of an economic injury 
          loan?
123.20  How long do I have to request an increase in the amount of a 
          physical disaster loan or an economic injury loan?

                           Home Disaster Loans

123.100  Am I eligible to apply for a home disaster loan?
123.101  When am I not eligible for a home disaster loan?
123.102  What circumstances would justify my relocating?
123.103  What happens if I am forced to move from my home?
123.104  What interest rate will I pay on my home disaster loan?
123.105  How much can I borrow with a home disaster loan and what limits 
          apply on use of funds and repayment terms?
123.106  What is eligible refinancing?
123.107  What is mitigation?

                    Physical Disaster Business Loans

123.200  Am I eligible to apply for a physical disaster business loan?
123.201  When am I not eligible to apply for a physical disaster 
          business loan?
123.202  How much can my business borrow with a physical disaster 
          business loan?
123.203  What interest rate will my business pay on a physical disaster 
          business loan and what are the repayment terms?

                     Economic Injury Disaster Loans

123.300  Is my business eligible to apply for an economic injury 
          disaster loan?
123.301  When would my business not be eligible to apply for an economic 
          injury disaster loan?
123.302  What is the interest rate on an economic injury disaster loan?
123.303  How can my business spend my economic injury disaster loan?

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 634(b)(6), 636(b), 636(c) and 636(f); Pub. L. 
102-395, 106 Stat. 1828, 1864; and Pub. L. 103-75, 107 Stat. 739.

    Source: 61 FR 3304, Jan. 31, 1996, unless otherwise noted.

                                Overview



Sec. 123.1  What do these rules cover?

    This part covers the disaster loan programs authorized under the 
Small Business Act, 15 U.S.C. 636(b), (c), and (f). Since SBA cannot 
predict the occurrence or magnitude of disasters, it reserves the right 
to change the rules in this part, without advance notice, by publishing 
interim emergency regulations in the Federal Register.



Sec. 123.2  What are disaster loans and disaster declarations?

    SBA offers low interest, fixed rate loans to disaster victims, 
enabling them to repair or replace property damaged or destroyed in 
declared disasters. It also offers such loans to affected small 
businesses to help them recover from economic injury caused by such 
disasters. Disaster declarations are official notices recognizing that 
specific geographic areas have been damaged by floods and other acts of 
nature, riots, civil disorders, or industrial accidents such as oil 
spills. These disasters are sudden events which cause severe physical 
damage, and do not include slower physical occurrences such as shoreline 
erosion or gradual land settling. Sudden physical events that cause 
substantial economic injury may be disasters even if they do not cause 
physical damage to a victim's property. Past examples include ocean 
conditions causing significant displacement (major ocean currents) or 
closure (toxic algae blooms) of customary fishing waters, as well as 
contamination of food or other products for human consumption from 
unforeseeable and unintended events beyond the control of the victims.



Sec. 123.3  How are disaster declarations made?

    (a) There are four ways in which disaster declarations are issued 
which make SBA disaster loans possible:
    (1) The President declares a Major Disaster and authorizes Federal 
assistance, including individual assistance (temporary housing and 
Individual and Family Grant Assistance).
    (2) SBA makes a physical disaster declaration, based on the 
occurrence of at least a minimum amount of physical damage to buildings, 
machinery, equipment, inventory, homes and other property. Such damage 
usually must meet the following tests:
    (i) In any county or other smaller political subdivision of a State 
or U.S. possession, at least 25 homes or 25 businesses, or a combination 
of at least 25 homes, businesses, or other eligible institutions, each 
sustain uninsured losses of 40 percent or more of the estimated fair 
replacement value or pre-

[[Page 226]]

disaster fair market value of the damaged property, whichever is lower; 
or
    (ii) In any such political subdivision, at least three businesses 
each sustain uninsured losses of 40 percent or more of the estimated 
fair replacement value or pre-disaster fair market value of the damaged 
property, whichever is lower, and, as a direct result of such physical 
damage, 25 percent or more of the work force in their community would be 
unemployed for at least 90 days; and
    (iii) The Governor of the State in which the disaster occurred 
submits a written request to SBA for a physical disaster declaration by 
SBA (OMB Approval No. 3245-0121). This request should be delivered to 
the SBA Disaster Area Office serving the region where the disaster 
occurred within 60 days of the date of the disaster.
    (3) SBA makes an economic injury disaster declaration in response to 
a determination of a natural disaster by the Secretary of Agriculture.
    (4) SBA makes an economic injury declaration in reliance on a state 
certification that at least 5 small business concerns in a disaster area 
have suffered substantial economic injury as a result of the disaster 
and are in need of financial assistance not otherwise available on 
reasonable terms. The state certification must be signed by the 
Governor, must specify the county or counties or other political 
subdivisions in which the disaster occurred, and must be delivered (with 
supporting documentation) to the servicing SBA Disaster Area Office 
within 120 days of the disaster occurrence.
    (b) SBA publishes notice of any disaster declaration in the Federal 
Register. The published notice will identify the kinds of assistance 
available, the date and nature of the disaster, and the deadline and 
location for filing loan applications. Additionally, SBA will use the 
local media to inform potential loan applicants where to obtain loan 
applications and otherwise to assist victims in applying for disaster 
loans. SBA will accept applications after the announced deadline only 
when SBA determines that the late filing resulted from substantial 
causes beyond the control of the applicant.



Sec. 123.4  What is a disaster area and why is it important?

    Each disaster declaration defines the geographical areas affected by 
the disaster. Only those victims located in the declared disaster area 
are eligible to apply for SBA disaster loans. When the President 
declares a major disaster, the Federal Emergency Management Agency 
defines the disaster area. In major disasters, economic injury disaster 
loans may be made for victims in contiguous counties or other political 
subdivisions. Disaster declarations issued by the Administrator of SBA 
include contiguous counties for both physical and economic injury 
assistance. Contiguous counties or other political subdivisions are 
those land areas which abut the land area of the declared disaster area 
without geographic separation other than by a minor body of water, not 
to exceed one mile between the land areas of such counties.



Sec. 123.5  What kinds of loans are available?

    SBA offers three kinds of disaster loans: physical disaster home 
loans, physical disaster business loans, and economic injury business 
loans. SBA makes these loans directly or in participation with a 
financial institution. If a loan is made in participation with a 
financial institution, SBA's share in that loan may not exceed 90 
percent.



Sec. 123.6  What does SBA look for when considering a disaster loan applicant?

    There must be reasonable assurance that you can repay your loan out 
of your personal or business cash flow, and you must have satisfactory 
credit and character. SBA will not make a loan to you if repayment 
depends upon the sale of collateral through foreclosure or any other 
disposition of assets owned by you. SBA is prohibited by statute from 
making a loan to you if you are engaged in the production or 
distribution of any product or service that has been determined to be 
obscene by a court.



Sec. 123.7  Are there restrictions on how disaster loans can be used?

    You must use disaster loans to restore or replace your primary home

[[Page 227]]

(including a mobile home used as a primary residence) and your personal 
or business property as nearly as possible to their condition before the 
disaster occurred, and within certain limits, to protect damaged or 
destroyed real property from possible future similar disasters.



Sec. 123.8  Does SBA charge any fees for obtaining a disaster loan?

    SBA does not charge points, closing, or servicing fees on any 
disaster loan. You will be responsible for payment of any closing costs 
owed to third parties, such as recording fees and title insurance 
premiums. If your loan is made in participation with a financial 
institution, SBA will charge a guarantee fee to the financial 
institution, which then may recover the guarantee fee from you.



Sec. 123.9  What happens if I don't use loan proceeds for the intended purpose?

    (a) When SBA approves each loan application, it issues a loan 
authorization which specifies the amount of the loan, repayment terms, 
any collateral requirements, and the permitted use of loan proceeds. If 
you wrongfully misapply these proceeds, you will be liable to SBA for 
one and one-half times the proceeds disbursed to you as of the date SBA 
learns of your wrongful misapplication. Wrongful misapplication means 
the willful use of any loan proceeds without SBA approval contrary to 
the loan authorization. If you fail to use loan proceeds for authorized 
purposes for 60 days or more after receiving a loan disbursement check, 
such non-use also is considered a wrongful misapplication of the 
proceeds.
    (b) If SBA learns that you may have misapplied your loan proceeds, 
SBA will notify you at your last known address, by certified mail, 
return receipt requested. You will be given at least 30 days to submit 
to SBA evidence that you have not misapplied the loan proceeds or that 
you have corrected any such misapplication. Any failure to respond in 
time will be considered an admission that you misapplied the proceeds. 
If SBA finds a wrongful misapplication, it will cancel any undisbursed 
loan proceeds, call the loan, and begin collection measures to collect 
your outstanding loan balance and the civil penalty. You may also face 
criminal prosecution or civil or administrative action.



Sec. 123.10  What happens if I cannot use my insurance proceeds to make repairs?

    If you must pay insurance proceeds to the holder of a recorded lien 
or encumbrance against your damaged property instead of using them to 
make repairs, you may apply to SBA for the full amount needed to make 
such repairs. If you voluntarily pay insurance proceeds to a recorded 
lienholder, your loan eligibility is reduced by the amount of the 
voluntary payment.



Sec. 123.11  Does SBA require collateral for any of its disaster loans?

    Generally, SBA will not require that you pledge collateral to secure 
a disaster home loan or a physical disaster business loan of $10,000 or 
less, or an economic injury disaster loan of $5,000 or less. For loans 
larger than these amounts, you will be required to provide available 
collateral such as a lien on the damaged or replacement property, a 
security interest in personal property, or both.
    (a) Sometimes a borrower, including affiliates as defined in part 
121 of this title, will have more than one loan after a single disaster. 
In deciding whether collateral is required, SBA will add up all physical 
disaster loans to see if they exceed $10,000 and all economic injury 
disaster loans to see if they exceed $5,000.
    (b) SBA will not decline a loan if you lack a particular amount of 
collateral as long as it is reasonably sure that you can repay your 
loan. If you refuse to pledge available collateral when requested by 
SBA, however, SBA may decline or cancel your loan.



Sec. 123.12  Are books and records required?

    You must retain complete records of all transactions financed with 
your SBA loan proceeds, including copies of all contracts and receipts, 
for a period of 3 years after you receive your final disbursement of 
loan proceeds. If you

[[Page 228]]

have a physical disaster business or economic injury loan, you must also 
maintain current and accurate books of account, including financial and 
operating statements, insurance policies, and tax returns. You must 
retain applicable books and records for 3 years after your loan matures 
including any extensions, or from the date when your loan is paid in 
full, whichever occurs first. You must make available to SBA or other 
authorized government personnel upon request all such books and records 
for inspection, audit, and reproduction during normal business hours and 
you must also permit SBA and any participating financial institution to 
inspect and appraise your assets. (OMB Approval No. 3245-0110.)



Sec. 123.13  What happens if my loan application is denied?

    (a) If SBA denies your loan application, SBA will notify you in 
writing and set forth the specific reasons for the denial. Any applicant 
whose request for a loan is declined for reasons other than size (not 
being a small business) has the right to present information to overcome 
the reason or reasons for the decline and to request reconsideration in 
writing. (OMB Approval No. 3245-0122.)
    (b) Any decline due to size can only be appealed as set forth in 
part 121 of this chapter.
    (c) Any request for reconsideration must be received by the SBA 
office that declined the original application within six months of the 
date of the declined notice. After six months, a new loan application is 
required.
    (d) A request for reconsideration must contain all significant new 
information that you rely on to overcome SBA's denial of your original 
loan application. Your request for reconsideration of a business loan 
application must also be accompanied by current business financial 
statements.
    (e) If SBA declines your application a second time, you have the 
right to appeal in writing to the Area Director's Office. All appeals 
must be received by the office that declined the prior reconsideration 
within 30 days of the decline action. Your request must state that you 
are appealing, and must give specific reasons why the decline action 
should be reversed.
    (f) The decision of the Area Director is final unless:
    (1) The Area Director does not have authority to approve the 
requested loan;
    (2) The Area Director refers the matter to the Associate 
Administrator for Disaster Assistance; or
    (3) The Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance, upon a 
showing of special circumstances, requests the Area Director's office to 
forward the matter to him or her for final consideration. Special 
circumstances may include, but are not limited to, policy 
considerations, alleged improper acts by SBA personnel or others in 
processing the application, and conflicting policy interpretations 
between two Area Offices.



Sec. 123.14  How does the Federal Debt Collection Procedures Act of 1990 apply?

    (a) Under the Federal Debt Collection Procedures Act of 1990 (28 
U.S.C. 3201(e)), a debtor who owns property which is subject to an 
outstanding judgment lien for a debt owed to the United States generally 
is not eligible to receive physical and economic injury disaster loans. 
The SBA Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance, or designee, 
may waive this restriction as to disaster loans upon a demonstration of 
good cause. Good cause means a written representation by you under oath 
which convinces SBA that:
    (1) The declared disaster was a major contributing factor to the 
delinquency which led to the judgment lien, regardless of when the 
original debt was incurred; or
    (2) The disaster directly prevented you from fulfilling the terms of 
an agreement with SBA or any other Federal Government entity to satisfy 
its pre-disaster judgment lien; in this situation, the judgment creditor 
must certify to SBA that you were complying with the agreement to 
satisfy the judgment lien when the disaster occurred; or
    (3) Other circumstances exist which would justify a waiver.
    (b) The waiver determination by the Associate Administrator for 
Disaster

[[Page 229]]

Assistance, or designee, is a final, non-appealable decision. The 
granting of a waiver does not include loan approval; a waiver recipient 
must then follow normal loan application procedures.



Sec. 123.15  What if I change my mind?

    If SBA required you to pledge collateral for your loan, you may 
change your mind and rescind your loan pursuant to the Consumer Credit 
Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. 1601, and Regulation Z of the Federal Reserve 
Board, 12 CFR part 226. Your note and any collateral documents signed by 
you will be canceled upon your return of all loan proceeds and your 
payment of any interest accrued.



Sec. 123.16  How are loans administered and serviced?

    (a) If you obtained your disaster loan from a participating lender, 
that lender is responsible for closing and servicing your loan. If you 
obtained your loan directly from SBA, your loan will be closed and 
serviced by SBA. The SBA rules on servicing are found in part 120 of 
this chapter.
    (b) If you are unable to pay your SBA loan installments in a timely 
manner for reasons substantially beyond your control, you may request 
that SBA suspend your loan payments, extend your maturity, or both.



Sec. 123.17  Do other Federal requirements apply?

    As a condition of disbursement, you must be in compliance with 
certain requirements relating to flood insurance, lead-based paint, 
earthquake hazards, coastal barrier islands, and child support 
obligations, as set forth in Secs. 120.170 through 120.175 of this 
chapter.



Sec. 123.18  Can I request an increase in the amount of a physical disaster loan?

    SBA will consider your request for an increase in your loan if you 
can show that the eligible cost of repair or replacement of damages 
increased because of events occurring after the loan approval that were 
beyond your control. An eligible cost is one which is related to the 
disaster for which SBA issued the original loan. For example, if you 
discover hidden damage within a reasonable time after SBA approved your 
original disaster loan and before repair, renovation, or reconstruction 
is complete, you may request an increase. Or, if applicable building 
code requirements were changed since SBA approved your original loan, 
you may request an increase in your loan amount.

[63 FR 15072, Mar. 30, 1998]



Sec. 123.19  May I request an increase in the amount of an economic injury loan?

    SBA will consider your request for an increase in the loan amount if 
you can show that the increase is essential for your business to 
continue and is based on events occurring after SBA approved your 
original loan which were beyond your control. For example, delays may 
have occurred beyond your control which prevent you from resuming your 
normal business activity in a reasonable time frame. Your request for an 
increase in the loan amount must be related to the disaster for which 
the SBA economic injury disaster loan was originally made.

[63 FR 15072, Mar. 30, 1998]



Sec. 123.20  How long do I have to request an increase in the amount of a physical disaster loan or an economic injury loan?

    You should request a loan increase as soon as possible after you 
discover the need for the increase, but not later than two years after 
SBA approved your physical disaster or economic injury loan. After two 
years, the SBA Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance (AA/DA) 
may waive this limitation after finding extraordinary and unforeseeable 
circumstances.

[63 FR 15073, Mar. 30, 1998]

                           Home Disaster Loans



Sec. 123.100  Am I eligible to apply for a home disaster loan?

    (a) You are eligible to apply for a home disaster loan if you:
    (1) Own and occupy your primary residence and have suffered a 
physical loss to your primary residence, personal property, or both; or

[[Page 230]]

    (2) Do not own your primary residence, but have suffered a physical 
loss to your personal property. Family members sharing a residence are 
eligible if they are not dependents of the owners of the residence.
    (b) Losses may be claimed only by the owners of the property at the 
time of the disaster, and all such losses will be verified by SBA. SBA 
will consider beneficial ownership as well as legal title (for real or 
personal property) in determining who suffered the loss.



Sec. 123.101  When am I not eligible for a home disaster loan?

    You are not eligible for a home disaster loan if:
    (a) You have been convicted, during the past year, of a felony 
during and in connection with a riot or civil disorder or other declared 
disaster;
    (b) You acquired voluntarily more than a 50 percent ownership 
interest in the damaged property after the disaster, and no contract of 
sale existed at the time of the disaster;
    (c) Your damaged property can be repaired or replaced with the 
proceeds of insurance, gifts or other compensation, including 
condemnation awards (with one exception, these amounts must either be 
deducted from the amount of the claimed losses or, if received after SBA 
has approved and disbursed a loan, must be paid to SBA as principal 
payments on your loan. You must notify SBA of any such recoveries 
collected after receiving an SBA disaster loan (OMB Approval No. 3245-
0124)). The one exception applies to amounts received under the 
Individual and Family Grant Program of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency solely to meet an emergency need pending processing of an SBA 
loan. In such an event, you must repay the financial assistance with SBA 
loan proceeds if it was used for purposes also eligible for an SBA 
loan);
    (d) SBA determines that you assumed the risk (for example, by not 
maintaining flood insurance as required by an earlier SBA disaster loan 
when the current loss is also due to flood);
    (e) Your damaged property is a secondary home (although if you 
rented the property out before the disaster and the property would not 
constitute a ``residence'' under the provisions of Section 280A of the 
Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. 280A), you may be eligible for a 
physical disaster business loan);
    (f) Your damaged property is the type of vehicle normally used for 
recreational purposes, such as motorhomes, aircraft, and boats;
    (g) Your damaged property consists of cash or securities;
    (h) The replacement value of your damaged personal property is 
extraordinarily high and not easily verified, such as the value of 
antiques, artworks, or hobby collections;
    (i) You or other principal owners of the damaged property are 
presently incarcerated, or on probation or parole following conviction 
for a serious criminal offense;
    (j) Your only interest in the damaged property is in the form of a 
security interest, mortgage, or deed of trust;
    (k) The damaged building, including contents, was newly constructed 
or substantially improved on or after February 9, 1989, and (without a 
significant business justification) is located seaward of mean high tide 
or entirely in or over water; or
    (l) You voluntarily decide to relocate outside the business area in 
which the disaster has occurred, and there are no special or unusual 
circumstances leading to your decision (business area means the 
municipality which provides general governmental services to your 
damaged home or, if not located in a municipality, the county or 
equivalent political entity in which your damaged home is located).



Sec. 123.102  What circumstances would justify my relocating?

    SBA may approve a loan if you intend to relocate outside the 
business area in which the disaster has occurred if your relocation is 
caused by such special or unusual circumstances as:
    (a) Demonstrable risk that the business area will suffer future 
disasters;
    (b) A change in employment status (such as loss of job, transfer, 
lack of adequate job opportunities within the business area or scheduled 
retirement within 18 months after the disaster occurs);
    (c) Medical reasons; or

[[Page 231]]

    (d) Special family considerations which necessitate a move outside 
of the business area.



Sec. 123.103  What happens if I am forced to move from my home?

    If you must relocate inside or outside the business area because 
local authorities will not allow you to repair your damaged property, 
SBA considers this to be a total loss and a mandatory relocation. In 
this case, your loan would be an amount that SBA considers sufficient to 
replace your residence at your new location, plus funds to cover losses 
of personal property and eligible refinancing.



Sec. 123.104  What interest rate will I pay on my home disaster loan?

    If you can obtain credit elsewhere, your interest rate is set by a 
statutory formula, but will not exceed 8 percent per annum. If you 
cannot obtain credit elsewhere, your interest rate is one-half the 
statutory rate, but will not exceed 4 percent per annum. Credit 
elsewhere means that, with your cash flow and disposable assets, SBA 
believes you could obtain financing from non-federal sources on 
reasonable terms. If you cannot obtain credit elsewhere, you also may be 
able to borrow from SBA to refinance existing recorded liens against 
your damaged real property. Under prior legislation, some SBA disaster 
loans had split interest rates. On any such loan, repayments of 
principal are applied first to that portion of the loan with the lowest 
interest rate.



Sec. 123.105  How much can I borrow with a home disaster loan and what limits apply on use of funds and repayment terms?

    (a) For all disasters occurring on or after October 26, 1993, there 
are limits on how much money you can borrow for particular purposes:
    (1) $40,000 for repair or replacement of household and personal 
effects;
    (2) $200,000 for repair or replacement of a primary residence 
(including upgrading in order to meet minimum standards of safety and 
decency or current building code requirements). Repair or replacement of 
landscaping and/or recreational facilities cannot exceed $5,000;
    (3) $200,000 for eligible refinancing purposes; and
    (4) 20 percent of the loan amount (not including refinancing) up to 
a maximum of $48,000 for mitigation (see Sec. 123.107).
    (b) You may not use loan proceeds to repay any debts on personal 
property, secured or unsecured, unless you incurred those debts as a 
direct result of the disaster.
    (c) SBA determines the loan maturity and repayment terms based on 
your needs and your ability to pay. Generally, you will pay equal 
monthly installments of principal and interest, beginning five months 
from the date of the loan, as shown on the Note securing the loan. SBA 
will consider other payment terms if you have seasonal or fluctuating 
income, and SBA may allow installment payments of varying amounts over 
the first two years of the loan. The maximum maturity for a home 
disaster loan is 30 years. There is no penalty for prepayment of home 
disaster loans.



Sec. 123.106  What is eligible refinancing?

    (a) If your home (primary residence) is totally destroyed or 
substantially damaged, and you do not have credit elsewhere, SBA may 
allow you to borrow money to refinance recorded liens or encumbrances on 
your home. Your home is totally destroyed or substantially damaged if it 
has suffered uninsured or otherwise uncompensated damage which, at the 
time of the disaster, is either:
    (1) 40 percent or more of the home's market value or replacement 
cost at the time of the disaster, including land value, whichever is 
less; or
    (2) 50 percent or more of its market value or replacement cost at 
the time of the disaster, not including land value, whichever is less.
    (b) Your home disaster loan for refinancing existing liens or 
encumbrances cannot exceed an amount equal to the lesser of $200,000, or 
the physical damage to your primary residence after reductions for any 
insurance or other recovery.

[[Page 232]]



Sec. 123.107  What is mitigation?

    Mitigation means specific measures taken by you to protect against 
recurring damage in similar future disasters. Examples include retaining 
walls, sea walls, grading and contouring land, relocating utilities and 
modifying structures. The money that you can borrow for mitigation is 
limited to the lesser of the cost of mitigation, or 20 percent of your 
loan to repair or replace your damaged primary residence and personal 
property. SBA will not accept a request for a loan increase for 
mitigation filed after final disbursement of your original loan unless 
you can show that your request was late because of substantial reasons 
beyond your control.

                    Physical Disaster Business Loans



Sec. 123.200  Am I eligible to apply for a physical disaster business loan?

    (a) Almost any business concern or charitable or other non-profit 
entity whose real or tangible personal property is damaged in a declared 
disaster area is eligible to apply for a physical disaster business 
loan. Your business may be a sole proprietorship, partnership, 
corporation, limited liability company, or other legal entity recognized 
under State law. Your business' size (average annual receipts or number 
of employees) is not taken into consideration in determining your 
eligibility for a physical disaster business loan. If your damaged 
business occupied rented space at the time of the disaster, and the 
terms of your business' lease require you to make repairs to your 
business' building, you may have suffered a physical loss and can apply 
for a physical business disaster loan to repair the property. In all 
other cases, the owner of the building is the eligible loan applicant.
    (b) Damaged vehicles, of the type normally used for recreational 
purposes, such as motorhomes, aircraft, and boats, may be repaired or 
replaced with SBA loan proceeds if you can submit evidence that the 
damaged vehicles were used in your business at the time of the disaster.



Sec. 123.201  When am I not eligible to apply for a physical disaster business loan?

    (a) You are not eligible for a physical disaster business loan if 
your business is an agricultural enterprise or if you (or any principal 
of the business) fit into any of the categories in Sec. 123.101. 
Agricultural enterprise means a business primarily engaged in the 
production of food and fiber, ranching and raising of livestock, 
aquaculture and all other farming and agriculture-related industries.
    (b) Sometimes a damaged business entity (whether in the form of a 
corporation, limited liability company, partnership, or sole 
proprietorship) is engaged in both agricultural enterprise and a non-
agricultural business venture. If the agricultural enterprise part of 
your business entity has suffered a physical disaster, that enterprise 
is not eligible for SBA physical disaster assistance. If the non-
agricultural business venture of your entity has suffered physical 
disaster damage, that part of your business operation would be eligible 
for SBA physical disaster assistance. If both the agricultural 
enterprise part and the non-agricultural business venture have incurred 
physical disaster damage, only the non-agricultural business venture of 
your business entity would be eligible for SBA physical disaster 
assistance.
    (c) If your business is going to relocate voluntarily outside the 
business area in which the disaster occurred, you are not eligible for a 
physical disaster business loan. If, however, the relocation is due to 
uncontrollable or compelling circumstances, SBA will consider the 
relocation to be involuntary and eligible for a loan. Such circumstances 
may include, but are not limited to:
    (1) The elimination or substantial decrease in the market for your 
products or services, as a consequence of the disaster;
    (2) A change in the demographics of your business area within 18 
months prior to the disaster, or as a result of the disaster, which 
makes it uneconomical to continue operations in your business area;

[[Page 233]]

    (3) A substantial change in your cost of doing business, as a result 
of the disaster, which makes the continuation of your business in the 
business area not economically viable;
    (4) Location of your business in a hazardous area such as a special 
flood hazard area or an earthquake-prone area;
    (5) A change in the public infrastructure in your business area 
which occurred within 18 months or as a result of the disaster that 
would result in substantially increased expenses for your business in 
the business area;
    (6) Your implementation of decisions adopted and at least partially 
implemented within 18 months prior to the disaster to move your business 
out of the business area; and
    (7) Other factors which undermine the economic viability of your 
business area.
    (d) You are not eligible if your business is engaged in any illegal 
activity.
    (e) You are not eligible if you are a government owned entity 
(except for a business owned or controlled by a Native American tribe).
    (f) You are not eligible if your business presents live performances 
of a prurient sexual nature or derives directly or indirectly more than 
de minimis gross revenue through the sale of products or services, or 
the presentation of any depictions or displays, of a prurient sexual 
nature.

[61 FR 3304, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 35337, July 1, 1997; 63 
FR 46644, Sept. 2, 1998]



Sec. 123.202  How much can my business borrow with a physical disaster business loan?

    (a) Disaster business loans, including both physical disaster and 
economic injury loans to the same borrower, together with its 
affiliates, cannot exceed the lesser of the uncompensated physical loss 
and economic injury or $1.5 million. Physical disaster loans may include 
amounts to meet current building code requirements. If your business is 
a major source of employment, SBA may waive the $1.5 million limitation. 
A major source of employment is a business concern which has one or more 
locations in the disaster area which:
    (1) Employed 10 percent or more of the entire work force within the 
commuting area of a geographically identifiable community (no larger 
than a county), provided that the commuting area does not extend more 
than 50 miles from such community; or
    (2) Employed 5 percent of the work force in an industry within the 
disaster area and, if the concern is a non-manufacturing concern, 
employed no less than 50 employees in the disaster area, or if the 
concern is a manufacturing concern, employed no less than 150 employees 
in the disaster area; or
    (3) Employed no less than 250 employees within the disaster area.
    (b) SBA will consider waiving the $1.5 million loan limit only if:
    (1) Your damaged location or locations are out of business or in 
imminent danger of going out of business as a result of the disaster, 
and a loan in excess of $1.5 million is necessary to reopen or keep open 
the damaged locations in order to avoid substantial unemployment in the 
disaster area; and
    (2) You have used all reasonably available funds from your business, 
its affiliates and its principal owners (20% or greater ownership 
interest) and all available credit elsewhere (as described in 
Sec. 123.104) to alleviate your physical damage and economic injury.
    (c) Physical disaster business borrowers may request refinancing of 
liens on both damaged real property and machinery and equipment, but for 
an amount reduced by insurance or other compensation. To do so, your 
business property must be totally destroyed or substantially damaged, 
which means:
    (1) 40 percent or more of the aggregate value (lesser of market 
value or replacement cost at the time of the disaster) of the damaged 
real property (including land) and damaged machinery and equipment; or
    (2) 50 percent or more of the aggregate value (lesser of market 
value or replacement cost at the time of the disaster) of the damaged 
real property (excluding land) and damaged machinery and equipment.
    (d) Loan funds allocated for repair or replacement of landscaping or 
recreational facilities may not exceed

[[Page 234]]

$5,000 unless the landscaping or recreational facilities fulfilled a 
functional need or contributed to the generation of business.

[61 FR 3304, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 46644, Sept. 2, 1998]



Sec. 123.203  What interest rate will my business pay on a physical disaster business loan and what are the repayment terms?

    (a) SBA will announce interest rates with each disaster declaration. 
If your business, together with its affiliates and principal owners, 
have credit elsewhere, your interest rate is set by a statutory formula, 
but will not exceed 8 percent per annum. If you do not have credit 
elsewhere, your interest rate will not exceed 4 percent per annum. The 
maturity of your loan depends upon your repayment ability, but cannot 
exceed 3 years if you have credit elsewhere. Otherwise, the maximum 
maturity is 30 years.
    (b) Generally, you must pay equal monthly installments, of principal 
and interest, beginning five months from the date of the loan as shown 
on the Note. SBA will consider other payment terms if you have seasonal 
or fluctuating income, and SBA may allow installment payments of varying 
amounts over the first two years of the loan. There is no penalty for 
prepayment for disaster loans.

                     Economic Injury Disaster Loans



Sec. 123.300  Is my business eligible to apply for an economic injury disaster loan?

    (a) If your business is located in a declared disaster area, and 
suffered substantial economic injury as a direct result of a declared 
disaster, you are eligible to apply for an economic injury disaster 
loan.
    (1) Substantial economic injury is such that a business concern is 
unable to meet its obligations as they mature or to pay its ordinary and 
necessary operating expenses.
    (2) Loss of anticipated profits or a drop in sales is not considered 
substantial economic injury for this purpose.
    (b) Economic injury disaster loans are available only if you were a 
small business (as defined in part 121 of this chapter) when the 
declared disaster commenced, you and your affiliates and principal 
owners (20% or more ownership interest) have used all reasonably 
available funds, and you are unable to obtain credit elsewhere (see 
Sec. 123.104).
    (c) Eligible businesses do not include agricultural enterprises, but 
do include--
    (1) Small nurseries affected by a drought disaster designated by the 
Secretary of Agriculture (nurseries are commercial establishments 
deriving 50 percent or more of their annual receipts from the production 
and sale of ornamental plants and other nursery products, including, but 
not limited to, bulbs, florist greens, foliage, flowers, flower and 
vegetable seeds, shrubbery, and sod);
    (2) Small agricultural cooperatives; and
    (3) Producer cooperatives.



Sec. 123.301  When would my business not be eligible to apply for an economic injury disaster loan?

    Your business is not eligible for an economic disaster loan if you 
(or any principal of the business) fit into any of the categories in 
Secs. 123.101 and 123.201, or if your business is:
    (a) Engaged in lending, multi-level sales distribution, speculation, 
or investment (except for real estate investment with property held for 
rental when the disaster occurred);
    (b) A non-profit or charitable concern;
    (c) A consumer or marketing cooperative;
    (d) Not a small business concern; or
    (e) Deriving more than one-third of gross annual revenue from legal 
gambling activities;
    (f) A loan packager which earns more than one-third of its gross 
annual revenue from packaging SBA loans;
    (g) Principally engaged in teaching, instructing, counseling, or 
indoctrinating religion or religious beliefs, whether in a religious or 
secular setting; or
    (h) Primarily engaged in political or lobbying activities.

[61 FR 3304, Jan. 31, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 46644, Sept. 2, 1998]

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Sec. 123.302  What is the interest rate on an economic injury disaster loan?

    Your economic injury loan will have an interest rate of 4 percent 
per annum or less.



Sec. 123.303  How can my business spend my economic injury disaster loan?

    (a) You can only use the loan proceeds for working capital necessary 
to carry your concern until resumption of normal operations and for 
expenditures necessary to alleviate the specific economic injury, but 
not to exceed that which the business could have provided had the injury 
not occurred.
    (b) Loan proceeds may not be used to:
    (1) Refinance indebtedness which you incurred prior to the disaster 
event;
    (2) Make payments on loans owned by another federal agency 
(including SBA) or a Small Business Investment Company licensed under 
the Small Business Investment Act;
    (3) Pay, directly or indirectly, any obligations resulting from a 
federal, state or local tax penalty as a result of negligence or fraud, 
or any non-tax criminal fine, civil fine, or penalty for non-compliance 
with a law, regulation, or order of a federal, state, regional, or local 
agency or similar matter;
    (4) Repair physical damage; or
    (5) Pay dividends or other disbursements to owners, partners, 
officers or stockholders, except for reasonable remuneration directly 
related to their performance of services for the business.



PART 124--8(A) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS--Table of Contents




                  Subpart A--8(a) Business Development

                   Provisions of General Applicability

Sec.
124.1  What is the purpose of the 8(a) Business Development program?
124.2  What length of time may a business participate in the 8(a) BD 
          program?
124.3  What definitions are important in the 8(a) BD program?

    Eligibility Requirements for Participation in the 8(a) Business 
                           Development Program

124.101  What are the basic requirements a concern must meet for the 
          8(a) BD program?
124.102  What size business is eligible to participate in the 8(a) BD 
          program?
124.103  Who is socially disadvantaged?
124.104  Who is economically disadvantaged?
124.105  What does it mean to be unconditionally owned by one or more 
          disadvantaged individuals?
124.106  When do disadvantaged individuals control an applicant or 
          Participant?
124.107  What is potential for success?
124.108  What other eligibility requirements apply for individuals or 
          businesses?
124.109  Do Indian tribes and Alaska Native Corporations have any 
          special rules for applying to the 8(a) BD program?
124.110  Do Native Hawaiian Organizations have any special rules for 
          applying to the 8(a) BD program?
124.111  Do Community Development Corporations (CDCs) have any special 
          rules for applying to the 8(a) BD program?
124.112  What criteria must a business meet to remain eligible to 
          participate in the 8(a) BD program?

                     Applying to the 8(a) BD Program

124.201  May any business submit an application?
124.202  Where must an application be filed?
124.203  What must a concern submit to apply to the 8(a) BD program?
124.204  How does SBA process applications for 8(a) BD program 
          admission?
124.205  Can an applicant ask SBA to reconsider SBA's initial decision 
          to decline its application?
124.206  What appeal rights are available to an applicant that has been 
          denied admission?
124.207  Can an applicant reapply for admission to the 8(a) BD program?

                       Exiting the 8(a) BD Program

124.301  What are the ways a business may leave the 8(a) BD program?
124.302  What is early graduation?
124.303  What is termination?
124.304  What are the procedures for early graduation and termination?
124.305  What is suspension and how is a Participant suspended from the 
          8(a) BD program?

                          Business Development

124.401  Which SBA field office services a Participant?
124.402  How does a Participant develop a business plan?
124.403  How is a business plan updated and modified?

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124.404  What business development assistance is available to 
          Participants during the two stages of participation in the 
          8(a) BD program?
124.405  How does a Participant obtain Federal Government surplus 
          property?

                         Contractual Assistance

124.501  What general provisions apply to the award of 8(a) contracts?
124.502  How does an agency offer a procurement to SBA for award through 
          the 8(a) BD program?
124.503  How does SBA accept a procurement for award through the 8(a) BD 
          program?
124.504  What circumstances limit SBA's ability to accept a procurement 
          for award as an 8(a) contract?
124.505  When will SBA appeal the terms or conditions of a particular 
          8(a) contract or a procuring activity decision not to reserve 
          a requirement for the 8(a) BD program?
124.506  At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed 
          among eligible Participants?
124.507  What procedures apply to competitive 8(a) procurements?
124.508  How is an 8(a) contract executed?
124.509  What are non-8(a) business activity targets?
124.510  What percentage of work must a Participant perform on an 8(a) 
          contract?
124.511  How is fair market price determined for an 8(a) contract?
124.512  Delegation of contract administration to procuring agencies.
124.513  Under what circumstances can a joint venture be awarded an 8(a) 
          contract?
124.514  Exercise of 8(a) options and modifications.
124.515  Can a Participant change its ownership or control and continue 
          to perform an 8(a) contract, and can it transfer performance 
          to another firm?
124.516  Who decides contract disputes arising between a Participant and 
          a procuring activity after the award of an 8(a) contract?
124.517  Can the eligibility or size of a Participant for award of an 
          8(a) contract be questioned?
124.518  How can an 8(a) contract be terminated before performance is 
          completed?
124.519  Are there any dollar limits on the amount of 8(a) contracts 
          that a Participant may receive?
124.520  Mentor/Protege program.

                  Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

124.601  What reports does SBA require concerning parties who assist 
          Participants in obtaining federal contracts?
124.602  What kind of annual financial statement must a Participant 
          submit to SBA?
124.603  What reports regarding the continued business operations of 
          former Participants does SBA require?

               Management and Technical Assistance Program

124.701  What is the purpose of the 7(j) management and technical 
          assistance program?
124.702  What types of assistance are available through the 7(j) 
          program?
124.703  Who is eligible to receive 7(j) assistance?
124.704  What additional management and technical assistance is reserved 
          exclusively for concerns eligible to receive 8(a) contracts?

Subpart B--Eligibility, Certification, and Protests Relating to Federal 
                  Small Disadvantaged Business Programs

124.1001  General applicability.
124.1002  What is a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)?
124.1003  What is a Private Certifier?
124.1004  How does an organization or business concern become a Private 
          Certifier?
124.1005  Can a fee be charged to a firm to process the firm's 
          application for SDB certification?
124.1006  Is there a list of Private Certifiers?
124.1007  How long may an organization or business concern be a Private 
          Certifier?
124.1008  How does a firm become certified as an SDB?
124.1009  How does a firm appeal a decision of a Private Certifier?
124.1010  Can a firm represent itself to be an SDB if it has not yet 
          been certified as an SDB?
124.1011  What is a misrepresentation of SDB status?
124.1012  Can a firm reapply for SDB certification?
124.1013  Is there a list of certified SDBs?
124.1014  How long does an SDB certification last?
124.1015  What is the effect of receiving an SDB certification?
124.1016  Can SBA re-evaluate the SDB status of a firm after SBA 
          certifies it to be SDB?
124.1017  Who may protest the disadvantaged status of a concern?
124.1018  When will SBA not decide an SDB protest?
124.1019  Who decides disadvantaged status protests?
124.1020  What procedures apply to disadvantaged status protests?
124.1021  What format, degree of specificity, and basis does SBA require 
          to consider an SDB protest?
124.1022  What will SBA do when it receives an SDB protest?

[[Page 237]]

124.1023  How does SBA make disadvantaged status determinations in 
          considering an SDB protest?
124.1024  Appeals of disadvantaged status determinations.

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 634(b)(6), 636(j), 637(a), 637(d) and Pub. L. 
99-661, Pub. L. 100-656, sec. 1207, Pub. L. 101-37, Pub. L. 101-574, and 
42 U.S.C. 9815.



                  Subpart A--8(a) Business Development

    Source: 63 FR 35739, June 30, 1998, unless otherwise noted.

                   Provisions of General Applicability



Sec. 124.1  What is the purpose of the 8(a) Business Development program?

    Sections 8(a) and 7(j) of the Small Business Act authorize a 
Minority Small Business and Capital Ownership Development program 
(designated the 8(a) Business Development or ``8(a) BD'' program for 
purposes of the regulations in this part). The purpose of the 8(a) BD 
program is to assist eligible small disadvantaged business concerns 
compete in the American economy through business development.



Sec. 124.2  What length of time may a business participate in the 8(a) BD program?

    A Participant receives a program term of nine years from the date of 
SBA's approval letter certifying the concern's admission to the program. 
The Participant must maintain its program eligibility during its tenure 
in the program and must inform SBA of any changes that would adversely 
affect its program eligibility. A firm that completes its nine year term 
of participation in the 8(a) BD program is deemed to graduate from the 
program. The nine year program term may be shortened only by 
termination, early graduation or voluntary graduation as provided for in 
this subpart.



Sec. 124.3  What definitions are important in the 8(a) BD Program?

    Alaska Native means a citizen of the United States who is a person 
of one-fourth degree or more Alaskan Indian (including Tsimshian Indians 
not enrolled in the Metlaktla Indian Community), Eskimo, or Aleut blood, 
or a combination of those bloodlines. The term includes, in the absence 
of proof of a minimum blood quantum, any citizen whom a Native village 
or Native group regards as an Alaska Native if their father or mother is 
regarded as an Alaska Native.
    Alaska Native Corporation or ANC means any Regional Corporation, 
Village Corporation, Urban Corporation, or Group Corporation organized 
under the laws of the State of Alaska in accordance with the Alaska 
Native Claims Settlement Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.)
    Bona fide place of business, for purposes of 8(a) construction 
procurements, means a location where a Participant regularly maintains 
an office which employs at least one full-time individual within the 
appropriate geographical boundary. The term does not include 
construction trailers or other temporary construction sites.
    Community Development Corporation or CDC means a nonprofit 
organization responsible to residents of the area it serves which has 
received financial assistance under 42 U.S.C. 9805, et seq.
    Concern is defined in part 121 of this title.
    Days means calendar days unless otherwise specified.
    Day-to-day operations of a firm means the marketing, production, 
sales, and administrative functions of the firm.
    Immediate family member means father, mother, husband, wife, son, 
daughter, brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, grandson, 
granddaughter, father-in-law, and mother-in-law.
    Indian tribe means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other 
organized group or community of Indians, including any ANC, which is 
recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by 
the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians, or is 
recognized as such by the State in which the tribe, band, nation, group, 
or community resides. See definition of ``tribally-owned concern.''
    Native Hawaiian means any individual whose ancestors were natives, 
prior to 1778, of the area which now comprises the State of Hawaii.
    Native Hawaiian Organization means any community service 
organization

[[Page 238]]

serving Native Hawaiians in the State of Hawaii which is a not-for-
profit organization chartered by the State of Hawaii, is controlled by 
Native Hawaiians, and whose business activities will principally benefit 
such Native Hawaiians.
    Negative control is defined in part 121 of this title.
    Non-disadvantaged individual means any individual who does not claim 
disadvantaged status, does not qualify as disadvantaged, or upon whose 
disadvantaged status an applicant or Participant does not rely in 
qualifying for 8(a) BD program participation.
    Participant means a small business concern admitted to participate 
in the 8(a) BD program.
    Primary industry classification means the four digit Standard 
Industrial Classification (SIC) code designation which best describes 
the primary business activity of the 8(a) BD applicant or Participant. 
The SIC code designations are described in the Standard Industrial 
Classification Manual published by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget.
    Principal place of business means the business location where the 
individuals who manage the concern's day-to-day operations spend most 
working hours and where top management's business records are kept. If 
the offices from which management is directed and where the business 
records are kept are in different locations, SBA will determine the 
principal place of business for program purposes.
    Program year means a 12-month period of an 8(a) BD Participant's 
program participation. The first program year begins on the date that 
the concern is certified to participate in the 8(a) BD program and ends 
one year later. Each subsequent program year begins on the Participant's 
anniversary of program certification and runs for one 12-month period.
    Same or similar line of business means business activities within 
the same two-digit ``Major Group'' of the SIC Manual as the primary 
industry classification of the applicant or Participant. The phrase 
``same business area'' is synonymous with this definition.
    Self-marketing of a requirement occurs when a Participant identifies 
a requirement that has not been committed to the 8(a) BD program and, 
through its marketing efforts, causes the procuring activity to offer 
that specific requirement to the 8(a) BD program on the Participant's 
behalf. A firm which identifies and markets a requirement which is 
subsequently offered to the 8(a) BD program as an open requirement or on 
behalf of another Participant has not ``self-marketed'' the requirement 
within the meaning of this part.
    Tribally-owned concern means any concern at least 51 percent owned 
by an Indian tribe as defined in this section.
    Unconditional ownership means ownership that is not subject to 
conditions precedent, conditions subsequent, executory agreements, 
voting trusts, restrictions on or assignments of voting rights, or other 
arrangements causing or potentially causing ownership benefits to go to 
another (other than after death or incapacity). The pledge or 
encumbrance of stock or other ownership interest as collateral, 
including seller-financed transactions, does not affect the 
unconditional nature of ownership if the terms follow normal commercial 
practices and the owner retains control absent violations of the terms.

    Eligibility Requirements for Participation in the 8(a) Business 
                           Development Program



Sec. 124.101  What are the basic requirements a concern must meet for the 8(a) BD program?

    Generally, a concern meets the basic requirements for admission to 
the 8(a) BD program if it is a small business which is unconditionally 
owned and controlled by one or more socially and economically 
disadvantaged individuals who are of good character and citizens of the 
United States, and which demonstrates potential for success.



Sec. 124.102  What size business is eligible to participate in the 8(a) BD program?

    (a) An applicant concern must qualify as a small business concern as 
defined in part 121 of this title. The applicable size standard is the 
one for its primary industry classification. The rules for calculating 
the size of a tribally-owned concern, a concern owned by an Alaska 
Native Corporation, a

[[Page 239]]

concern owned by a Native Hawaiian Organization, or a concern owned by a 
Community Development Corporation are additionally affected by 
Secs. 124.109, 124.110, and 124.111, respectively.
    (b) If 8(a) BD program officials determine that a concern may not 
qualify as small, they may deny an application for 8(a) BD program 
admission or may request a formal size determination under part 121 of 
this title.
    (c) A concern whose application is denied due to size by 8(a) BD 
program officials may request a formal size determination under part 121 
of this title. A favorable determination will enable the firm to 
immediately submit a new 8(a) BD application without waiting one year.



Sec. 124.103  Who is socially disadvantaged?

    (a) General. Socially disadvantaged individuals are those who have 
been subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias within 
American society because of their identities as members of groups and 
without regard to their individual qualities. The social disadvantage 
must stem from circumstances beyond their control.
    (b) Members of designated groups. (1) There is a rebuttable 
presumption that the following individuals are socially disadvantaged: 
Black Americans; Hispanic Americans; Native Americans (American Indians, 
Eskimos, Aleuts, or Native Hawaiians); Asian Pacific Americans (persons 
with origins from Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, 
Brunei, Japan, China (including Hong Kong), Taiwan, Laos, Cambodia 
(Kampuchea), Vietnam, Korea, The Philippines, U.S. Trust Territory of 
the Pacific Islands (Republic of Palau), Republic of the Marshall 
Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, the Commonwealth of the 
Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Samoa, Macao, Fiji, Tonga, Kiribati, 
Tuvalu, or Nauru); Subcontinent Asian Americans (persons with origins 
from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, the Maldives 
Islands or Nepal); and members of other groups designated from time to 
time by SBA according to procedures set forth at paragraph (d) of this 
section. Being born in a country does not, by itself, suffice to make 
the birth country an individual's country of origin for purposes of 
being included within a designated group.
    (2) An individual must demonstrate that he or she has held himself 
or herself out, and is currently identified by others, as a member of a 
designated group if SBA requires it.
    (3) The presumption of social disadvantage may be overcome with 
credible evidence to the contrary. Individuals possessing or knowing of 
such evidence should submit the information in writing to the Associate 
Administrator for 8(a) BD (AA/8(a)BD) for consideration.
    (c) Individuals not members of designated groups. (1) An individual 
who is not a member of one of the groups presumed to be socially 
disadvantaged in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must establish 
individual social disadvantage by a preponderance of the evidence.
    (2) Evidence of individual social disadvantage must include the 
following elements:
    (i) At least one objective distinguishing feature that has 
contributed to social disadvantage, such as race, ethnic origin, gender, 
physical handicap, long-term residence in an environment isolated from 
the mainstream of American society, or other similar causes not common 
to individuals who are not socially disadvantaged;
    (ii) Personal experiences of substantial and chronic social 
disadvantage in American society, not in other countries; and
    (iii) Negative impact on entry into or advancement in the business 
world because of the disadvantage. SBA will consider any relevant 
evidence in assessing this element. In every case, however, SBA will 
consider education, employment and business history, where applicable, 
to see if the totality of circumstances shows disadvantage in entering 
into or advancing in the business world.
    (A) Education. SBA considers such factors as denial of equal access 
to institutions of higher education, exclusion from social and 
professional association with students or teachers, denial of 
educational honors rightfully earned, and social patterns or pressures 
which discouraged the individual from

[[Page 240]]

pursuing a professional or business education.
    (B) Employment. SBA considers such factors as unequal treatment in 
hiring, promotions and other aspects of professional advancement, pay 
and fringe benefits, and other terms and conditions of employment; 
retaliatory or discriminatory behavior by an employer; and social 
patterns or pressures which have channelled the individual into 
nonprofessional or non-business fields.
    (C) Business history. SBA considers such factors as unequal access 
to credit or capital, acquisition of credit or capital under 
commercially unfavorable circumstances, unequal treatment in 
opportunities for government contracts or other work, unequal treatment 
by potential customers and business associates, and exclusion from 
business or professional organizations.
    (d) Socially disadvantaged group inclusion. (1) General. 
Representatives of an identifiable group whose members believe that the 
group has suffered chronic racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias 
may petition SBA to be included as a presumptively socially 
disadvantaged group under paragraph (b)(1) of this section. Upon 
presentation of substantial evidence that members of the group have been 
subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias because of 
their identity as group members and without regard to their individual 
qualities, SBA will publish a notice in the Federal Register that it has 
received and is considering such a request, and that it will consider 
public comments.
    (2) Standards to be applied. In determining whether a group has made 
an adequate showing that it has suffered chronic racial or ethnic 
prejudice or cultural bias for the purposes of this section, SBA must 
determine that:
    (i) The group has suffered prejudice, bias, or discriminatory 
practices;
    (ii) Those conditions have resulted in economic deprivation for the 
group of the type which Congress has found exists for the groups named 
in the Small Business Act; and
    (iii) Those conditions have produced impediments in the business 
world for members of the group over which they have no control and which 
are not common to small business owners generally.
    (3) Procedure. The notice published under paragraph (d)(1) of this 
section will authorize a specified period for the receipt of public 
comments supporting or opposing the petition for socially disadvantaged 
group status. If appropriate, SBA may hold hearings. SBA may also 
conduct its own research relative to the group's petition.
    (4) Decision. In making a final decision that a group should be 
considered presumptively disadvantaged, SBA must find that a 
preponderance of the evidence demonstrates that the group has met the 
standards set forth in paragraph (d)(2) of this section based on SBA's 
consideration of the group petition, the comments from the public, and 
any independent research it performs. SBA will advise the petitioners of 
its final decision in writing, and publish its conclusion as a notice in 
the Federal Register. If appropriate, SBA will amend paragraph (b)(1) of 
this section to include a new group.



Sec. 124.104  Who is economically disadvantaged?

    (a) General. Economically disadvantaged individuals are socially 
disadvantaged individuals whose ability to compete in the free 
enterprise system has been impaired due to diminished capital and credit 
opportunities as compared to others in the same or similar line of 
business who are not socially disadvantaged.
    (b) Submission of narrative and financial information. (1) Each 
individual claiming economic disadvantage must describe it in a 
narrative statement, and must submit personal financial information.
    (2) When married, an individual claiming economic disadvantage also 
must submit separate financial information for his or her spouse, unless 
the individual and the spouse are legally separated.
    (c) Factors to be considered. In considering diminished capital and 
credit opportunities, SBA will examine factors relating to the personal 
financial condition of any individual claiming disadvantaged status, 
including personal income for the past two years (including bonuses and 
the value of company

[[Page 241]]

stock given in lieu of cash), personal net worth, and the fair market 
value of all assets, whether encumbered or not. SBA will also consider 
the financial condition of the applicant compared to the financial 
profiles of small businesses in the same primary industry 
classification, or, if not available, in similar lines of business, 
which are not owned and controlled by socially and economically 
disadvantaged individuals in evaluating the individual's access to 
credit and capital. The financial profiles that SBA compares include 
total assets, net sales, pre tax profit, sales/working capital ratio, 
and net worth.
    (1) Transfers within two years. (i) Except as set forth in paragraph 
(c)(1)(ii) of this section, SBA will attribute to an individual claiming 
disadvantaged status any assets which that individual has transferred to 
an immediate family member, or to a trust a beneficiary of which is an 
immediate family member, for less than fair market value, within two 
years prior to a concern's application for participation in the 8(a) BD 
program or within two years of a Participant's annual program review, 
unless the individual claiming disadvantaged status can demonstrate that 
the transfer is to or on behalf of an immediate family member for that 
individual's education, medical expenses, or some other form of 
essential support.
    (ii) SBA will not attribute to an individual claiming disadvantaged 
status any assets transferred by that individual to an immediate family 
member that are consistent with the customary recognition of special 
occasions, such as birthdays, graduations, anniversaries, and 
retirements.
    (iii) In determining an individual's access to capital and credit, 
SBA may consider any assets that the individual transferred within such 
two-year period described by paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section that 
SBA does not consider in evaluating the individual's assets and net 
worth (e.g., transfers to charities).
    (2) Net worth. For initial 8(a) BD eligibility, the net worth of an 
individual claiming disadvantage must be less than $250,000. For 
continued 8(a) BD eligibility after admission to the program, net worth 
must be less than $750,000. In determining such net worth, SBA will 
exclude the ownership interest in the applicant or Participant and the 
equity in the primary personal residence (except any portion of such 
equity which is attributable to excessive withdrawals from the applicant 
or Participant). Exclusions for net worth purposes are not exclusions 
for asset valuation or access to capital and credit purposes.
    (i) A contingent liability does not reduce an individual's net 
worth.
    (ii) The personal net worth of an individual claiming to be an 
Alaska Native will include assets and income from sources other than an 
Alaska Native Corporation and exclude any of the following which the 
individual receives from any Alaska Native Corporation: cash (including 
cash dividends on stock received from an ANC) to the extent that it does 
not, in the aggregate, exceed $2,000 per individual per annum; stock 
(including stock issued or distributed by an ANC as a dividend or 
distribution on stock); a partnership interest; land or an interest in 
land (including land or an interest in land received from an ANC as a 
dividend or distribution on stock); and an interest in a settlement 
trust.



Sec. 124.105  What does it mean to be unconditionally owned by one or more disadvantaged individuals?

    An applicant or Participant must be at least 51 percent 
unconditionally and directly owned by one or more socially and 
economically disadvantaged individuals who are citizens of the United 
States, except for concerns owned by Indian tribes, Alaska Native 
Corporations, Native Hawaiian Organizations, or Community Development 
Corporations (CDCs). See Sec. 124.3 for definition of unconditional 
ownership; and Secs. 124.109, 124.110, and 124.111, respectively, for 
special ownership requirements for concerns owned by Indian tribes, 
ANCs, Native Hawaiian Organizations, and CDCs.
    (a) Ownership must be direct. Ownership by one or more disadvantaged 
individuals must be direct ownership. An applicant or Participant owned 
principally by another business entity or by a trust (including employee 
stock ownership trusts) that is in turn owned

[[Page 242]]

and controlled by one or more disadvantaged individuals does not meet 
this requirement. However, ownership by a trust, such as a living trust, 
may be treated as the functional equivalent of ownership by a 
disadvantaged individual where the trust is revocable, and the 
disadvantaged individual is the grantor, a trustee, and the sole current 
beneficiary of the trust.
    (b) Ownership of a partnership. In the case of a concern which is a 
partnership, at least 51 percent of every class of partnership interest 
must be unconditionally owned by one or more individuals determined by 
SBA to be socially and economically disadvantaged. The ownership must be 
reflected in the concern's partnership agreement.
    (c) Ownership of a limited liability company. In the case of a 
concern which is a limited liability company, at least 51 percent of 
each class of member interest must be unconditionally owned by one or 
more individuals determined by SBA to be socially and economically 
disadvantaged.
    (d) Ownership of a corporation. In the case of a concern which is a 
corporation, at least 51 percent of each class of voting stock 
outstanding and 51 percent of the aggregate of all stock outstanding 
must be unconditionally owned by one or more individuals determined by 
SBA to be socially and economically disadvantaged.
    (e) Stock options' effect on ownership. In determining unconditional 
ownership, SBA will disregard any unexercised stock options or similar 
agreements held by disadvantaged individuals. However, any unexercised 
stock options or similar agreements (including rights to convert non-
voting stock or debentures into voting stock) held by non-disadvantaged 
individuals will be treated as exercised, except for any ownership 
interests which are held by investment companies licensed under the 
Small Business Investment Act of 1958.
    (f) Dividends and distributions. One or more disadvantaged 
individuals must be entitled to receive:
    (1) At least 51 percent of the annual distribution of dividends paid 
on the stock of a corporate applicant concern;
    (2) 100 percent of the value of each share of stock owned by them in 
the event that the stock is sold; and
    (3) At least 51 percent of the retained earnings of the concern and 
100 percent of the unencumbered value of each share of stock owned in 
the event of dissolution of the corporation.
    (g) Ownership of another Participant. The individuals determined to 
be disadvantaged for purposes of one Participant, their immediate family 
members, and the Participant itself, may not hold, in the aggregate, 
more than a 20 percent equity ownership interest in any other single 
Participant.
    (h) Ownership restrictions for non-disadvantaged individuals and 
concerns. (1) A non-disadvantaged individual (in the aggregate with all 
immediate family members) or a non-Participant concern that is a general 
partner or stockholder with at least a 10 percent ownership interest in 
one Participant may not own more than a 10 percent interest in another 
Participant that is in the developmental stage or more than a 20 percent 
interest in another Participant in the transitional stage of the 
program. This restriction does not apply to financial institutions 
licensed or chartered by Federal, state or local government, including 
investment companies which are licensed under the Small Business 
Investment Act of 1958.
    (2) A non-Participant concern in the same or similar line of 
business may not own more than a 10 percent interest in a Participant 
that is in the developmental stage or more than a 20 percent interest in 
a Participant in a transitional stage of the program, except that a 
former Participant or a principal of a former Participant (except those 
that have been terminated from 8(a) BD program participation pursuant to 
Secs. 124.303 and 124.304) may have an equity ownership interest of up 
to 20 percent in a current Participant in the developmental stage of the 
program or up to 30 percent in a transitional stage Participant, in the 
same or similar line of business.
    (i) Change of ownership. A Participant may change its ownership or 
business structure so long as one or more disadvantaged individuals own 
and control it after the change and SBA approves the transaction in 
writing prior

[[Page 243]]

to the change. The decision to approve or deny a Participant's request 
for a change in ownership or business structure will be made and 
communicated to the firm by the AA/8(a)BD. The decision of the AA/8(a)BD 
is the final decision of the Agency. The AA/8(a)BD will issue a decision 
within 60 days from receipt of a request containing all necessary 
documentation, or as soon thereafter as possible. If 60 days lapse 
without a decision from SBA, the Participant cannot presume that it can 
complete the change without written approval from SBA. A decision to 
deny a request for change of ownership or business structure may be 
grounds for program termination where the change is made nevertheless.
    (1) Any Participant that was awarded one or more 8(a) contracts may 
substitute one disadvantaged individual for another disadvantaged 
individual without requiring the termination of those contracts or a 
request for waiver under Sec. 124.515, as long as it receives SBA's 
approval prior to the change.
    (2) Where the previous owner held less than a 10 percent interest in 
the concern, or the transfer results from the death or incapacity due to 
a serious, long-term illness or injury of a disadvantaged principal, 
prior approval is not required, but the concern must notify SBA within 
60 days.
    (3) Continued participation of the Participant with new ownership 
and the award of any new 8(a) contracts requires SBA's determination 
that all eligibility requirements are met by the concern and the new 
owners.
    (4) Where a Participant requests a change of ownership or business 
structure, and proceeds with the change prior to receiving SBA approval 
(or where a change of ownership results from the death or incapacity of 
a disadvantaged individual for which a request prior to the change in 
ownership could not occur), SBA will suspend the Participant from 
program benefits pending resolution of the request. If the change is 
approved, the length of the suspension will be restored to the 
Participant's program term in the case of death or incapacity, or if the 
firm requested prior approval and waited 60 days for SBA approval.
    (5) A change in ownership does not provide the new owner(s) with a 
new 8(a) BD program term. For example, if a concern has been in the 8(a) 
BD program for five years when a change in ownership occurs, the new 
owner will have four years remaining until program graduation.
    (j) Public offering. A Participant's request for SBA's approval for 
the issuance of a public offering will be treated as a request for a 
change of ownership. Such request will cause SBA to examine the 
concern's continued need for access to the business development 
resources of the 8(a) BD program.
    (k) Community property laws given effect. In determining ownership 
interests when an owner resides in any of the community property states 
or territories of the United States (Arizona, California, Idaho, 
Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Puerto Rico, Texas, Washington and 
Wisconsin), SBA considers applicable state community property laws. If 
only one spouse claims disadvantaged status, that spouse's ownership 
interest will be considered unconditionally held only to the extent it 
is vested by the community property laws. A transfer or relinquishment 
of interest by the non-disadvantaged spouse may be necessary in some 
cases to establish eligibility.



Sec. 124.106  When do disadvantaged individuals control an applicant or Participant?

    Control is not the same as ownership, although both may reside in 
the same person. SBA regards control as including both the strategic 
policy setting exercised by boards of directors and the day-to-day 
management and administration of business operations. An applicant or 
Participant's management and daily business operations must be conducted 
by one or more disadvantaged individuals, except for concerns owned by 
Indian tribes, ANCs, Native Hawaiian Organizations, or Community 
Development Corporations (CDCs). (See Secs. 124.109, 124.110, and 
124.111, respectively, for the requirements for concerns owned by Indian 
tribes or ANCs, for concerns owned by Native Hawaiian Organizations, and 
for CDC-

[[Page 244]]

owned concerns.) Disadvantaged individuals managing the concern must 
have managerial experience of the extent and complexity needed to run 
the concern. A disadvantaged individual need not have the technical 
expertise or possess a required license to be found to control an 
applicant or Participant if he or she can demonstrate that he or she has 
ultimate managerial and supervisory control over those who possess the 
required licenses or technical expertise. However, where a critical 
license is held by a non-disadvantaged individual having an equity 
interest in the applicant or Participant firm, the non-disadvantaged 
individual may be found to control the firm.
    (a)(1) An applicant or Participant must be managed on a full-time 
basis by one or more disadvantaged individuals who possess requisite 
management capabilities.
    (2) A disadvantaged full-time manager must hold the highest officer 
position (usually President or Chief Executive Officer) in the applicant 
or Participant.
    (3) One or more disadvantaged individuals who manage the applicant 
or Participant must devote full-time to the business during the normal 
working hours of firms in the same or similar line of business. Work in 
a wholly-owned subsidiary of the applicant or participant may be 
considered to meet the requirement of full-time devotion. This applies 
only to a subsidiary owned by the 8(a) firm, and not to firms in which 
the disadvantaged individual has an ownership interest.
    (4) Any disadvantaged manager who wishes to engage in outside 
employment must notify SBA of the nature and anticipated duration of the 
outside employment and obtain the prior written approval of SBA. SBA 
will deny a request for outside employment which could conflict with the 
management of the firm or could hinder it in achieving the objectives of 
its business development plan.
    (5) Except as provided in paragraph (d)(1) of this section, a 
disadvantaged owner's unexercised right to cause a change in the control 
or management of the applicant concern does not in itself constitute 
disadvantaged control and management, regardless of how quickly or 
easily the right could be exercised.
    (b) In the case of a partnership, one or more disadvantaged 
individuals must serve as general partners, with control over all 
partnership decisions. A partnership in which no disadvantaged 
individual is a general partner will be ineligible for participation.
    (c) In the case of a limited liability company, one or more 
disadvantaged individuals must serve as management members, with control 
over all decisions of the limited liability company.
    (d) One or more disadvantaged individuals must control the Board of 
Directors of a corporate applicant or Participant.
    (1) SBA will deem disadvantaged individuals to control the Board of 
Directors where:
    (i) A single disadvantaged individual owns 100% of all voting stock 
of an applicant or Participant concern;
    (ii) A single disadvantaged individual owns at least 51% of all 
voting stock of an applicant or Participant concern, the individual is 
on the Board of Directors and no super majority voting requirements 
exist for shareholders to approve corporation actions. Where super 
majority voting requirements are provided for in the concern's articles 
of incorporation, its by-laws, or by state law, the disadvantaged 
individual must own at least the percent of the voting stock needed to 
overcome any such super majority voting requirements; or
    (iii) More than one disadvantaged shareholder seeks to qualify the 
concern (i.e., no one individual owns 51%), each such individual is on 
the Board of Directors, together they own at least 51% of all voting 
stock of the concern, no super majority voting requirements exist, and 
the disadvantaged shareholders can demonstrate that they have made 
enforceable arrangements to permit one of them to vote the stock of all 
as a block without a shareholder meeting. Where the concern has super 
majority voting requirements, the disadvantaged shareholders must own at 
least that percentage of voting stock needed to overcome any such super 
majority ownership requirements.
    (2) Where an applicant or Participant does not meet the requirements 
set forth in paragraph (d)(1) of this section,

[[Page 245]]

the disadvantaged individual(s) upon whom eligibility is based must 
control the Board of Directors through actual numbers of voting 
directors or, where permitted by state law, through weighted voting 
(e.g., in a concern having a two-person Board of Directors where one 
individual on the Board is disadvantaged and one is not, the 
disadvantaged vote must be weighted--worth more than one vote--in order 
for the concern to be eligible for 8(a) participation). Where a concern 
seeks to comply with this paragraph:
    (i) Provisions for the establishment of a quorum cannot permit non-
disadvantaged Directors to control the Board of Directors, directly or 
indirectly;
    (ii) Any Executive Committee of Directors must be controlled by 
disadvantaged directors unless the Executive Committee can only make 
recommendations to and cannot independently exercise the authority of 
the Board of Directors.
    (3) An applicant must inform SBA of any super majority voting 
requirements provided for in its articles of incorporation, its by-laws, 
by state law, or otherwise. Similarly, after being admitted to the 
program, a Participant must inform SBA of changes regarding super 
majority voting requirements.
    (4) Non-voting, advisory, or honorary Directors may be appointed 
without affecting disadvantaged individuals' control of the Board of 
Directors.
    (5) Arrangements regarding the structure and voting rights of the 
Board of Directors must comply with applicable state law.
    (e) Non-disadvantaged individuals may be involved in the management 
of an applicant or Participant, and may be stockholders, partners, 
limited liability members, officers, and/or directors of the applicant 
or Participant. However, no such non-disadvantaged individual or 
immediate family member may:
    (1) Exercise actual control or have the power to control the 
applicant or Participant;
    (2) Be a former employer or a principal of a former employer of any 
disadvantaged owner of the applicant or Participant, unless it is 
determined by the AA/8(a)BD that the relationship between the former 
employer or principal and the disadvantaged individual or applicant 
concern does not give the former employer actual control or the 
potential to control the applicant or Participant and such relationship 
is in the best interests of the 8(a) BD firm; or
    (3) Receive compensation from the applicant or Participant in any 
form as directors, officers or employees, including dividends, that 
exceeds the compensation to be received by the highest officer (usually 
CEO or President). The highest ranking officer may elect to take a lower 
salary than a non-disadvantaged individual only upon demonstrating that 
it helps the applicant or Participant. In the case of a Participant, the 
Participant must also obtain the prior written consent of the AA/8(a)BD 
or designee before changing the compensation paid to the highest ranking 
officer to be below that paid to a non-disadvantaged individual.
    (f) Non-disadvantaged individuals who transfer majority stock 
ownership or control of the firm to an immediate family member within 
two years prior to the application and remain involved in the firm as a 
stockholder, officer, director, or key employee of the firm are presumed 
to control the firm. The presumption may be rebutted by showing that the 
transferee has independent management experience necessary to control 
the operation of the firm.
    (g) Non-disadvantaged individuals or entities may be found to 
control or have the power to control in any of the following 
circumstances, which are illustrative only and not all inclusive:
    (1) In circumstances where an applicant or Participant seeks to 
establish disadvantaged control of the Board of Directors through 
paragraph (d)(2) of this section, non-disadvantaged individuals control 
the Board of Directors of the applicant or Participant, either directly 
through majority voting membership, or indirectly, where the by-laws 
allow non-disadvantaged individuals effectively to prevent a quorum or 
block actions proposed by the disadvantaged individuals.
    (2) A non-disadvantaged individual or entity, having an equity 
interest in the applicant or participant, provides critical financial or 
bonding support or a

[[Page 246]]

critical license to the applicant or Participant which directly or 
indirectly allows the non-disadvantaged individual significantly to 
influence business decisions of the Participant.
    (3) A non-disadvantaged individual or entity controls the applicant 
or Participant or an individual disadvantaged owner through loan 
arrangements. Providing a loan guaranty on commercially reasonable terms 
does not, by itself, give a non-disadvantaged individual or entity the 
power to control a firm.
    (4) Business relationships exist with non-disadvantaged individuals 
or entities which cause such dependence that the applicant or 
Participant cannot exercise independent business judgment without great 
economic risk.



Sec. 124.107  What is potential for success?

    The applicant concern must possess reasonable prospects for success 
in competing in the private sector if admitted to the 8(a) BD program. 
To do so, it must be in business in its primary industry classification 
for at least two full years immediately prior to the date of its 8(a) BD 
application, unless a waiver for this requirement is granted pursuant to 
paragraph (b) of this section.
    (a) Income tax returns for each of the two previous tax years must 
show operating revenues in the primary industry in which the applicant 
is seeking 8(a) BD certification.
    (b)(1) SBA may waive the two years in business requirement if each 
of the following five conditions are met:
    (i) The individual or individuals upon whom eligibility is based 
have substantial business management experience;
    (ii) The applicant has demonstrated technical experience to carry 
out its business plan with a substantial likelihood for success if 
admitted to the 8(a) BD program;
    (iii) The applicant has adequate capital to sustain its operations 
and carry out its business plan as a Participant;
    (iv) The applicant has a record of successful performance on 
contracts from governmental or nongovernmental sources in its primary 
industry category; and
    (v) The applicant has, or can demonstrate its ability to timely 
obtain, the personnel, facilities, equipment, and any other requirements 
needed to perform contracts as a Participant.
    (2) The concern seeking a waiver under paragraph (b) must provide 
information on governmental and nongovernmental contracts in progress 
and completed (including letters of reference) in order to establish 
successful contract performance, and must demonstrate how it otherwise 
meets the five conditions for waiver. SBA considers an applicant's 
performance on both government and private sector contracts in 
determining whether the firm has an overall successful performance 
record. If, however, the applicant has performed only government 
contracts or only private sector contracts, SBA will review its 
performance on those contracts alone to determine whether the applicant 
possesses a record of successful performance.
    (c) In assessing potential for success, SBA considers the concern's 
access to credit and capital, including, but not limited to, access to 
long-term financing, access to working capital financing, equipment 
trade credit, access to raw materials and supplier trade credit, and 
bonding capability.
    (d) In assessing potential for success, SBA will also consider the 
technical and managerial experience of the applicant concern's managers, 
the operating history of the concern, the concern's record of 
performance on previous Federal and private sector contracts in the 
primary industry in which the concern is seeking 8(a) BD certification, 
and its financial capacity. The applicant concern as a whole must 
demonstrate both technical knowledge in its primary industry category 
and management experience sufficient to run its day-to-day operations.
    (e) The Participant or individuals employed by the Participant must 
hold all requisite licenses if the concern is engaged in an industry 
requiring professional licensing (e.g., public accountancy, law, 
professional engineering).
    (f) An applicant will not be denied admission into the 8(a) BD 
program due solely to a determination that potential 8(a) contract 
opportunities are unavailable to assist in the development of the 
concern unless:

[[Page 247]]

    (1) The Government has not previously procured and is unlikely to 
procure the types of products or services offered by the concern; or
    (2) The purchase of such products or services by the Federal 
Government will not be in quantities sufficient to support the 
developmental needs of the applicant and other Participants providing 
the same or similar items or services.



Sec. 124.108  What other eligibility requirements apply for individuals or businesses?

    (a) Good character. The applicant or Participant and all its 
principals must have good character.
    (1) If, during the processing of an application, adverse information 
is obtained from the applicant or a credible source regarding possible 
criminal conduct by the applicant or any of its principals, no further 
action will be taken on the application until SBA's Inspector General 
has collected relevant information and has advised the AA/8(a)BD of his 
or her findings. The AA/8(a)BD will consider those findings when 
evaluating the application.
    (2) Violations of any of SBA's regulations may result in denial of 
participation in the 8(a) BD program. The AA/8(a)BD will consider the 
nature and severity of the violation in making an eligibility 
determination.
    (3) Debarred or suspended concerns or concerns owned by debarred or 
suspended persons are ineligible for admission to the 8(a) BD program.
    (4) An applicant is ineligible for admission to the 8(a) BD program 
if the applicant concern or a proprietor, partner, limited liability 
member, director, officer, or holder of at least 10 percent of its 
stock, or another person (including key employees) with significant 
authority over the concern:
    (i) Lacks business integrity as demonstrated by information related 
to an indictment or guilty plea, conviction, civil judgment, or 
settlement; or
    (ii) Is currently incarcerated, or on parole or probation pursuant 
to a pre-trial diversion or following conviction for a felony or any 
crime involving business integrity.
    (5) If, during the processing of an application, SBA determines that 
an applicant has knowingly submitted false information, regardless of 
whether correct information would cause SBA to deny the application, and 
regardless of whether correct information was given to SBA in 
accompanying documents, SBA will deny the application. If, after 
admission to the program, SBA discovers that false information has been 
knowingly submitted by a firm, SBA will initiate termination proceedings 
and suspend the firm under Secs. 124.304 and 124.305. Whenever SBA 
determines that the applicant submitted false information, the matter 
will be referred to SBA's Office of Inspector General for review.
    (b) One-time eligibility. Once a concern or disadvantaged individual 
upon whom eligibility was based has participated in the 8(a) BD program, 
neither the concern nor that individual will be eligible again.
    (1) An individual who claims disadvantage and completes the 
appropriate SBA forms to qualify an applicant has participated in the 
8(a) BD program if SBA approves the application.
    (2) Use of eligibility will take effect on the date of the concern's 
approval for admission into the program.
    (3) An individual who uses his or her one-time eligibility to 
qualify a concern for the 8(a) BD program will be considered a non-
disadvantaged individual for ownership or control purposes of another 
applicant or Participant. The criteria restricting participation by non-
disadvantaged individuals will apply to such an individual. See 
Secs. 124.105 and 124.106.
    (4) When at least 50% of the assets of a concern are the same as 
those of a former Participant, the concern will not be eligible for 
entry into the program.
    (5) Participants which change their form of business organization 
and transfer their assets and liabilities to the new organization may do 
so without affecting the eligibility of the new organization provided 
the previous business is dissolved and all other eligibility criteria 
are met. In such a case, the new organization may complete the remaining 
program term of the previous organization. A request for a change in 
business form will be

[[Page 248]]

treated as a change of ownership under Sec. 124.105(i).
    (c) Wholesalers. An applicant concern seeking admission to the 8(a) 
BD program as a wholesaler need not demonstrate that it is capable of 
meeting the requirements of the nonmanufacturer rule for its primary 
industry classification.
    (d) Brokers. Brokers are ineligible to participate in the 8(a) BD 
program. A broker is a concern that adds no material value to an item 
being supplied to a procuring activity or which does not take ownership 
or possession of or handle the item being procured with its own 
equipment or facilities.
    (e) Federal financial obligations. Neither a firm nor any of its 
principals that fails to pay significant financial obligations owed to 
the Federal Government, including unresolved tax liens and defaults on 
Federal loans or other Federally assisted financing, is eligible for 
admission to or participation in the 8(a) BD program.
    (f) Achievement of benchmarks. Where actual participation by 
disadvantaged businesses in a particular SIC Major Group exceeds the 
benchmark limitations established by the Department of Commerce, SBA, in 
its discretion, may decide not to accept an application for 8(a) BD 
participation from a concern whose primary industry classification falls 
within that Major Group.

[63 FR 35739, 35772, June 30, 1998]



Sec. 124.109  Do Indian tribes and Alaska Native Corporations have any special rules for applying to the 8(a) BD program?

    (a) Special rules for ANCs. Small business concerns owned and 
controlled by ANCs are eligible for participation in the 8(a) program 
and must meet the eligibility criteria set forth in Sec. 124.112 to the 
extent the criteria are not inconsistent with this section. ANC-owned 
concerns are subject to the same conditions that apply to tribally-owned 
concerns, as described in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, except 
that the following provisions and exceptions apply only to ANC-owned 
concerns:
    (1) Alaska Natives and descendants of Natives must own a majority of 
both the total equity of the ANC and the total voting powers to elect 
directors of the ANC through their holdings of settlement common stock. 
Settlement common stock means stock of an ANC issued pursuant to 43 
U.S.C. 1606(g)(1), which is subject to the rights and restrictions 
listed in 43 U.S.C. 1606(h)(1).
    (2) An ANC that meets the requirements set forth in paragraph (a)(1) 
of this section is deemed economically disadvantaged under 43 U.S.C. 
1626(e), and need not establish economic disadvantage as required by 
paragraph (b)(2) of this section.
    (3) Even though an ANC can be either for profit or non-profit, a 
small business concern owned and controlled by an ANC must be for profit 
to be eligible for the 8(a) program. The concern will be deemed owned 
and controlled by the ANC where both the majority of stock or other 
ownership interest and total voting power are held by the ANC and 
holders of its settlement common stock.
    (4) The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act provides that a concern 
which is majority owned by an ANC shall be deemed to be both owned and 
controlled by Alaska Natives and an economically disadvantaged business. 
Therefore, an individual responsible for control and management of an 
ANC-owned applicant or Participant need not establish personal social 
and economic disadvantage.
    (5) Paragraphs (b)(3)(i), (ii) and (iv) of this section are not 
applicable to an ANC, provided its status as an ANC is clearly shown in 
its articles of incorporation.
    (6) Paragraph (c)(1) of this section is not applicable to an ANC-
owned concern to the extent it requires an express waiver of sovereign 
immunity or a ``sue and be sued'' clause.
    (b) Tribal eligibility. In order to qualify a concern which it owns 
and controls for participation in the 8(a) BD program, an Indian tribe 
must establish its own economic disadvantaged status under paragraph 
(b)(2) of this section. Thereafter, it need not reestablish such status 
in order to have other businesses that it owns certified for 8(a) BD 
program participation, unless specifically required to do so by the AA/
8(a)BD or designee. Each tribally-owned concern seeking to be certified 
for 8(a) BD participation must

[[Page 249]]

comply with the provisions of paragraph (c) of this section.
    (1) Social disadvantage. An Indian tribe as defined in Sec. 124.3 is 
considered to be socially disadvantaged.
    (2) Economic disadvantage. In order to be eligible to participate in 
the 8(a) BD program, the Indian tribe must demonstrate to SBA that the 
tribe itself is economically disadvantaged. This must involve the 
consideration of available data showing the tribe's economic condition, 
including but not limited to, the following information:
    (i) The number of tribal members.
    (ii) The present tribal unemployment rate.
    (iii) The per capita income of tribal members, excluding judgment 
awards.
    (iv) The percentage of the local Indian population below the poverty 
level.
    (v) The tribe's access to capital.
    (vi) The tribal assets as disclosed in a current tribal financial 
statement. The statement must list all assets including those which are 
encumbered or held in trust, but the status of those encumbered or in 
trust must be clearly delineated.
    (vii) A list of all wholly or partially owned tribal enterprises or 
affiliates and the primary industry classification of each. The list 
must also specify the members of the tribe who manage or control such 
enterprises by serving as officers or directors.
    (3) Forms and documents required to be submitted. Except as 
otherwise provided in this section, the Indian tribe generally must 
submit the forms and documents required of 8(a) BD applicants as well as 
the following material:
    (i) A copy of all governing documents such as the tribe's 
constitution or business charter.
    (ii) Evidence of its recognition as a tribe eligible for the special 
programs and services provided by the United States or by its state of 
residence.
    (iii) Copies of its articles of incorporation and bylaws as filed 
with the organizing or chartering authority, or similar documents needed 
to establish and govern a non-corporate legal entity.
    (iv) Documents or materials needed to show the tribe's economically 
disadvantaged status as described in paragraph (b)(2) of this section.
    (c) Business eligibility. In order to be eligible to participate in 
the 8(a) BD program, a concern which is owned by an eligible Indian 
tribe (or wholly owned business entities of such tribe) must meet the 
conditions set forth in paragraphs (c)(1) through (c)(7) of this 
section.
    (1) Legal business entity organized for profit and susceptible to 
suit. The applicant or participating concern must be a separate and 
distinct legal entity organized or chartered by the tribe, or Federal or 
state authorities. The concern's articles of incorporation, partnership 
agreement or limited liability company articles of organization must 
contain express sovereign immunity waiver language, or a ``sue and be 
sued'' clause which designates United States Federal Courts to be among 
the courts of competent jurisdiction for all matters relating to SBA's 
programs including, but not limited to, 8(a) BD program participation, 
loans, and contract performance. Also, the concern must be organized for 
profit, and the tribe must possess economic development powers in the 
tribe's governing documents.
    (2) Size. (i) A tribally-owned applicant concern must qualify as a 
small business concern as defined for purposes of Federal Government 
procurement in part 121 of this title. The particular size standard to 
be applied is based on the primary industry classification of the 
applicant concern.
    (ii) A tribally-owned Participant must certify to SBA that it is a 
small business pursuant to the provisions of part 121 of this title for 
the purpose of performing each individual contract which it is awarded.
    (iii) In determining the size of a small business concern owned by a 
socially and economically disadvantaged Indian tribe (or a wholly owned 
business entity of such tribe) for either 8(a) BD program entry or 
contract award, the firm's size shall be determined independently 
without regard to its affiliation with the tribe, any entity of the 
tribal government, or any other business enterprise owned by the tribe, 
unless the Administrator determines that one or more such tribally-owned

[[Page 250]]

business concerns have obtained, or are likely to obtain, a substantial 
unfair competitive advantage within an industry category.
    (3) Ownership. (i) For corporate entities, a tribe must own at least 
51 percent of the voting stock and at least 51 percent of the aggregate 
of all classes of stock. For non-corporate entities, a tribe must own at 
least a 51 percent interest.
    (ii) A tribe cannot own 51% or more of another firm which, either at 
the time of application or within the previous two years, has been 
operating in the 8(a) program under the same primary SIC code as the 
applicant. A tribe may, however, own a Participant or an applicant that 
conducts or will conduct secondary business in the 8(a) BD program under 
the same SIC code that a current Participant owned by the tribe operates 
in the 8(a) BD program as its primary SIC code.
    (iii) The restrictions of Sec. 124.105(h) do not apply to tribes; 
they do, however, apply to non disadvantaged individuals or other 
business concerns that are partial owners of a tribally-owned concern.
    (4) Control and management. (i) The management and daily business 
operations of a tribally-owned concern must be controlled by the tribe, 
through one or more disadvantaged individual members who possess 
sufficient management experience of an extent and complexity needed to 
run the concern, or through management as follows:
    (A) Management may be provided by committees, teams, or Boards of 
Directors which are controlled by one or more members of an economically 
disadvantaged tribe, or
    (B) Management may be provided by non-tribal members if SBA 
determines that such management is required to assist the concern's 
development, that the tribe will retain control of all management 
decisions common to boards of directors, including strategic planning, 
budget approval, and the employment and compensation of officers, and 
that a written management development plan exists which shows how 
disadvantaged tribal members will develop managerial skills sufficient 
to manage the concern or similar tribally-owned concerns in the future.
    (ii) Members of the management team, business committee members, 
officers, and directors are precluded from engaging in any outside 
employment or other business interests which conflict with the 
management of the concern or prevent the concern from achieving the 
objectives set forth in its business development plan. This is not 
intended to preclude participation in tribal or other activities which 
do not interfere with such individual's responsibilities in the 
operation of the applicant concern.
    (5) Individual eligibility limitation. SBA does not deem an 
individual involved in the management or daily business operations of a 
tribally-owned concern to have used his or her individual eligibility 
within the meaning of Sec. 124.108(b).
    (6) Potential for success. (i) A tribally-owned applicant concern 
must be in business for at least two years, as evidenced by income tax 
returns for each of the two previous tax years showing operating 
revenues in the primary industry in which the applicant is seeking 8(a) 
BD certification, or demonstrate potential for success as set forth in 
paragraph (c)(6)(ii) of this section.
    (ii) In determining whether a tribally-owned concern has the 
potential for success, SBA will look at a number of factors including, 
but not limited to:
    (A) The technical and managerial experience and competency of the 
individual(s) who will manage and control the daily operation of the 
concern;
    (B) The financial capacity of the concern; and
    (C) The concern's record of performance on any previous Federal or 
private sector contracts in the primary industry in which the concern is 
seeking 8(a) certification.
    (7) Other eligibility criteria. (i) As with other 8(a) applicants, a 
tribally-owned applicant concern shall not be denied admission into the 
8(a) program due solely to a determination that specific contract 
opportunities are unavailable to assist the development of the concern 
unless:

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    (A) The Government has not previously procured and is unlikely to 
procure the types of products or services offered by the concern; or
    (B) The purchase of such products or services by the Federal 
Government will not be in quantities sufficient to support the 
developmental needs of the applicant and other program participants 
providing the same or similar items or services.
    (ii) Except for the tribe itself, the concern's officers, directors, 
and all shareholders owning an interest of 20% or more must demonstrate 
good character. See Sec. 124.108(a).



Sec. 124.110  Do Native Hawaiian Organizations have any special rules for applying to the 8(a) BD program?

    (a) Concerns owned by economically disadvantaged Native Hawaiian 
Organizations, as defined in Sec. 124.3, are eligible for participation 
in the 8(a) program and other federal programs requiring SBA to 
determine social and economic disadvantage as a condition of 
eligibility. Such concerns must meet all eligibility criteria set forth 
in Secs. 124.101 through 124.108 and Sec. 124.112 to the extent that 
they are not inconsistent with this section.
    (b) A concern owned by a Native Hawaiian Organization must qualify 
as a small business concern as defined in part 121 of this title. The 
size standard corresponding to the primary industry classification of 
the applicant concern applies for determining size. SBA will determine 
the concern's size independently, without regard to its affiliation with 
the Native Hawaiian Organization or any other business enterprise owned 
by the Native Hawaiian Organization, unless the Administrator determines 
that one or more such concerns owned by the Native Hawaiian Organization 
have obtained, or are likely to obtain, a substantial unfair competitive 
advantage within an industry category.
    (c) A Native Hawaiian Organization cannot own 51% or more of another 
firm which, either at the time of application or within the previous two 
years, has been operating in the 8(a) program under the same primary SIC 
code as the applicant. A Native Hawaiian Organization may, however, own 
a Participant or an applicant that conducts or will conduct secondary 
business in the 8(a) BD program under the same SIC code that a current 
Participant owned by the Native Hawaiian Organization operates in the 
8(a) BD program as its primary SIC code.
    (d) SBA does not deem an individual involved in the management or 
daily business operations of a Participant owned by a Native Hawaiian 
Organization to have used his or her individual eligibility within the 
meaning of Sec. 124.108(b).
    (e)(1) An applicant concern owned by a Native Hawaiian Organization 
must be in business for at least two years, as evidenced by income tax 
returns for each of the two previous tax years showing operating 
revenues in the primary industry in which the applicant is seeking 8(a) 
BD certification, or demonstrate potential for success as set forth in 
paragraph (e)(2) of this section.
    (2) In determining whether a concern owned by a Native Hawaiian 
Organization has the potential for success, SBA will look at a number of 
factors including, but not limited to:
    (i) The technical and managerial experience and competence of the 
individual(s) who will manage and control the daily operation of the 
concern.
    (ii) The financial capacity of the concern; and
    (iii) The concern's record of performance on any previous Federal or 
private sector contracts in the primary industry in which the concern is 
seeking 8(a) certification.



Sec. 124.111  Do Community Development Corporations (CDCs) have any special rules for applying to the 8(a) BD program?

    (a) Concerns owned at least 51 percent by CDCs (or a wholly owned 
business entity of a CDC) are eligible for participation in the 8(a) BD 
program and other federal programs requiring SBA to determine social and 
economic disadvantage as a condition of eligibility. These concerns must 
meet all eligibility criteria set forth in Sec. 124.101 through 
Sec. 124.108 and Sec. 124.112 to the extent that they are not 
inconsistent with this section.
    (b) A concern that is at least 51 percent owned by a CDC (or a 
wholly

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owned business entity of a CDC) is considered to be controlled by such 
CDC and eligible for participation in the 8(a) BD program, provided it 
meets all eligibility criteria set forth or referred to in this section 
and its management and daily business operations are conducted by one or 
more individuals determined to have managerial experience of an extent 
and complexity needed to run the concern.
    (c) A concern that is at least 51 percent owned by a CDC (or a 
wholly owned business entity of a CDC) must qualify as a small business 
concern as defined in part 121 of this title. The size standard 
corresponding to the primary industry classification of the applicant 
concern applies for determining size. SBA will determine the concern's 
size independently, without regard to its affiliation with the CDC or 
any other business enterprise owned by the CDC, unless the Administrator 
determines that one or more such concerns owned by the CDC have 
obtained, or are likely to obtain, a substantial unfair competitive 
advantage within an industry category.
    (d) A CDC cannot own 51% or more of another firm which, either at 
the time of application or within the previous two years, has been 
operating in the 8(a) program under the same primary SIC code as the 
applicant. A CDC may, however, own a Participant or an applicant that 
conducts or will conduct secondary business in the 8(a) BD program under 
the same SIC code that a current Participant owned by the CDC operates 
in the 8(a) BD program as its primary SIC code.
    (e) SBA does not deem an individual involved in the management or 
daily business operations of a CDC-owned concern to have used his or her 
individual eligibility within the meaning of Sec. 124.108(b).
    (f)(1) A CDC-owned applicant concern must be in business for at 
least two years, as evidenced by income tax returns for each of the two 
previous tax years showing operating revenues in the primary industry in 
which the applicant is seeking 8(a) BD certification, or demonstrate 
potential for success as set forth in paragraph (e)(2) of this section.
    (2) In determining whether a CDC-owned concern has the potential for 
success, SBA will look at a number of factors including, but not limited 
to:
    (i) The technical and managerial experience and competence of the 
individual(s) who will manage and control the daily operation of the 
concern;
    (ii) The financial capacity of the concern; and
    (iii) The concern's record of performance on any previous Federal or 
private sector contracts in the primary industry in which the concern is 
seeking 8(a) certification.
    (g) A CDC-owned applicant and all of its principals must have good 
character as set forth in Sec. 124.108(a).



Sec. 124.112  What criteria must a business meet to remain eligible to participate in the 8(a) BD program?

    (a) Standards. In order for a concern (except those owned by Indian 
tribes, ANCs, Native Hawaiian Organizations or CDCs) to remain eligible 
for 8(a) BD program participation, it must continue to meet all 
eligibility criteria contained in Sec. 124.101 through Sec. 124.108. For 
concerns owned by Indian tribes, ANCs, Native Hawaiian Organizations or 
CDCs to remain eligible, they must meet the criteria set forth in this 
Sec. 124.112 to the extent that they are not inconsistent with 
Sec. 124.109, Sec. 124.110 and Sec. 124.111, respectively. The concern 
must inform SBA in writing of any changes in circumstances which would 
adversely affect its program eligibility, especially economic 
disadvantage and ownership and control. Any concern that fails to meet 
the eligibility requirements after being admitted to the program will be 
subject to termination or early graduation under Secs. 124.302 through 
124.304, as appropriate.
    (b) Submissions supporting continued eligibility. As part of an 
annual review, each Participant must annually submit to the servicing 
district office the following:
    (1) A certification that it meets the 8(a) BD program eligibility 
requirements as set forth in Sec. 124.101 through Sec. 124.108 and 
paragraph (a) of this section;
    (2) A certification that there have been no changed circumstances 
which could adversely affect the Participant's

[[Page 253]]

program eligibility. If the Participant is unable to provide such 
certification, the Participant must inform SBA of any changes and 
provide relevant supporting documentation.
    (3) Personal financial information for each disadvantaged owner;
    (4) A record from each individual claiming disadvantaged status 
regarding the transfer of assets for less than fair market value to any 
immediate family member, or to a trust any beneficiary of which is an 
immediate family member, within two years of the date of the annual 
review. The record must provide the name of the recipient(s) and family 
relationship, and the difference between the fair market value of the 
asset transferred and the value received by the disadvantaged 
individual.
    (5) A record of all payments, compensation, and distributions 
(including loans, advances, salaries and dividends) made by the 
Participant to each of its owners, officers or directors, or to any 
person or entity affiliated with such individuals;
    (6) If it is an approved protege, a narrative report detailing the 
contacts it has had with its mentor and benefits it has received from 
the mentor/protege relationship. See Sec. 124.520(b)(4) for additional 
annual requirements;
    (7) IRS Form 4506, Request for Copy or Transcript of Tax Form; and
    (8) Such other information as SBA may deem necessary. For other 
required annual submissions, see Secs. 124.601 through 124.603.
    (c) Eligibility reviews. (1) Upon receipt of specific and credible 
information alleging that a Participant no longer meets the eligibility 
requirements for continued program eligibility, SBA will review the 
concern's eligibility for continued participation in the program.
    (2) Sufficient reasons for SBA to conclude that a socially 
disadvantaged individual is no longer economically disadvantaged 
include, but are not limited to, excessive withdrawals of funds or other 
assets withdrawn from the concern by its owners, or substantial personal 
assets, income or net worth of any disadvantaged owner. SBA may also 
consider access by the Participant firm to a significant new source of 
capital or loans since the financial condition of the Participant is 
considered in evaluating the disadvantaged individual's economic status.
    (d) Excessive withdrawals. (1) The term withdrawal includes, but is 
not limited to, the following: officer's salary; cash dividends; 
distributions in excess of amounts needed to pay S Corporation taxes; 
cash and property withdrawals; bonuses; loans; advances; payments to 
immediate family members; investments on behalf of an owner, officer, or 
key employee; acquisition of a business not merged with the 8(a) 
Participant; charitable contributions; and speculative ventures.
    (2) If SBA determines that excessive funds or other assets have been 
withdrawn from the Participant, SBA may:
    (i) Initiate termination proceedings under Secs. 124.303 and 124.304 
where the withdrawals detrimentally affect the achievement of the 
Participant's targets, objectives and goals set forth in its business 
plan, or its overall business development;
    (ii) Initiate early graduation proceedings under Secs. 124.302 and 
124.303 where the withdrawals do not adversely affect the Participant's 
business development; or
    (iii) Require an appropriate reinvestment of funds or other assets, 
as well as any other actions SBA deems necessary to counteract the 
detrimental effects of the withdrawals, as a condition of the 
Participant maintaining program eligibility.
    (3) Withdrawals are excessive if during any fiscal year of the 
Participant they exceed (i) $150,000 for firms with sales up to 
$1,000,000; (ii) $200,000 for firms with sales between $1,000,000 and 
$2,000,000; and (iii) $300,000 for firms with sales over $2,000,000.
    (4) The fact that a concern's net worth has increased despite 
withdrawals that are deemed excessive will not preclude SBA from 
determining that such withdrawals were detrimental to the attainment of 
the concern's business objectives or to its overall business 
development.

[[Page 254]]

                     Applying to the 8(a) BD Program



Sec. 124.201  May any business submit an application?

    Any concern or any individual on behalf of a business has the right 
to apply for 8(a) BD program participation whether or not there is an 
appearance of eligibility.



Sec. 124.202  Where must an application be filed?

    An application for 8(a) BD program admission must be filed in the 
SBA Division of Program Certification and Eligibility (DPCE) field 
office serving the territory in which the principal place of business is 
located. The SBA district office will provide an applicant concern with 
information regarding the 8(a) BD program and with all required 
application forms.



Sec. 124.203  What must a concern submit to apply to the 8(a) BD program?

    Each 8(a) BD applicant concern must submit those forms and 
attachments required by SBA when applying for admission to the 8(a) BD 
program. These forms and attachments will include, but not be limited 
to, financial statements, Federal personal and business tax returns, and 
personal history statements. An applicant must also submit IRS Form 
4506, Request for Copy or Transcript of Tax Form, to SBA. The 
application package may be in the form of an electronic application.



Sec. 124.204  How does SBA process applications for 8(a) BD program admission?

    (a) The AA/8(a)BD is authorized to approve or decline applications 
for admission to the 8(a) BD program. The appropriate DPCE field office 
will receive, review and evaluate all 8(a) BD applications except those 
from ANC-owned applicants. SBA's Anchorage District Office will receive 
all applications from ANC-owned applicants and review them for 
completeness before sending them to the AA/8(a)BD for further 
processing. The appropriate field office will advise each program 
applicant within 15 days after the receipt of an application whether the 
application is complete and suitable for evaluation and, if not, what 
additional information or clarification is required to complete the 
application. SBA will process an application for 8(a) BD program 
participation within 90 days of receipt of a complete application 
package by the DPCE field office. Incomplete application packages will 
not be processed.
    (b) SBA, in its sole discretion, may request clarification of 
information contained in the application at any time in the application 
process. SBA will take into account any clarifications made by an 
applicant in response to a request for such by SBA.
    (c) An applicant concern's eligibility will be based on 
circumstances existing on the date of application, except where 
clarification is made pursuant to paragraph (b) of this section or as 
provided in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (d) Changed circumstances for an applicant concern occurring 
subsequent to its application and which adversely affect eligibility 
will be considered and may constitute grounds for decline. The applicant 
must inform SBA of any changed circumstances that could adversely affect 
its eligibility for the program (particularly economic disadvantage and 
ownership and control) during its application review. Failure to inform 
SBA of any such changed circumstances constitutes good cause for which 
SBA may terminate the Participant if non-compliance is discovered after 
admittance.
    (e) The decision of the AA/8(a)BD to approve or deny an application 
will be in writing. A decision to deny admission will state the specific 
reasons for denial, and will inform the applicant of any appeal rights.
    (f) If the AA/8(a)BD approves the application, the date of the 
approval letter is the date of program certification for purposes of 
determining the concern's program term.



Sec. 124.205  Can an applicant ask SBA to reconsider SBA's initial decision to decline its application?

    (a) An applicant may request the AA/8(a)BD to reconsider his or her 
initial decline decision by filing a request for reconsideration with 
the SBA field office that originally processed its application. Filing 
means submission by

[[Page 255]]

personal delivery, first-class mail, express mail, fascimile 
transmission followed by first-class mail, or commercial delivery 
service. The applicant must submit its request for reconsideration 
within 45 days of receiving notice that its application was declined. 
The applicant must provide any additional information and documentation 
pertinent to overcoming the reason(s) for the initial decline.
    (b) The AA/8(a)BD will issue a written decision within 45 days of 
the regional DPCE's receipt of the applicant's request. The AA/8(a)BD 
may either approve the application, deny it on the same grounds as the 
original decision, or deny it on other grounds. If denied, the AA/8(a)BD 
will explain why the applicant is not eligible for admission to the 8(a) 
BD program and give specific reasons for the decline.
    (c) If the AA/8(a)BD declines the application solely on issues not 
raised in the initial decline, the applicant can ask for reconsideration 
as if it were an initial decline.



Sec. 124.206  What appeal rights are available to an applicant that has been denied admission?

    (a) An applicant may appeal a denial of program admission to SBA's 
Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA), if it is based solely on a 
negative finding of social disadvantage, economic disadvantage, 
ownership, control, or any combination of these four criteria. A denial 
decision that is based at least in part on the failure to meet any other 
eligibility criterion is not appealable and is the final decision of 
SBA.
    (b) The applicant may appeal an initial decision of the AA/8(a)BD 
without requesting reconsideration, or may appeal the decision of the 
AA/8(a)BD on reconsideration.
    (c) The applicant may initiate an appeal by filing a petition in 
accordance with part 134 of this title with OHA within 45 days of the 
date of service (as defined in Sec. 134.204) of the Agency decision.
    (d) If an appeal is filed with OHA, the written decision of the 
Administrative Law Judge is the final Agency decision. If an appealable 
decision is not appealed, the decision of the AA/8(a)BD is the final 
Agency decision.



Sec. 124.207  Can an applicant reapply for admission to the 8(a) BD program?

    A concern which has been declined for 8(a) BD program admission may 
submit a new application for admission to the program 12 months after 
the date of the final Agency decision to decline.

                       Exiting the 8(a) BD Program



Sec. 124.301  What are the ways a business may leave the 8(a) BD program?

    A concern participating in the 8(a) BD program may leave the program 
by any of the following means:
    (a) Graduation upon the expiration of the program term established 
pursuant to Sec. 124.2;
    (b) Voluntary early graduation;
    (c) Early graduation pursuant to the provisions of Secs. 124.302 and 
124.304; or
    (d) Termination pursuant to the provisions of Secs. 124.303 and 
124.304.



Sec. 124.302  What is early graduation?

    (a) General. SBA may graduate a firm from the 8(a) BD program prior 
to the expiration of its Program Term where SBA determines that:
    (1) The concern has successfully completed the 8(a) BD program by 
substantially achieving the targets, objectives, and goals set forth in 
its business plan prior to the expiration of its program term, and has 
demonstrated the ability to compete in the marketplace without 
assistance under the 8(a) BD program; or
    (2) One or more of the disadvantaged owners upon whom the 
Participant's eligibility is based are no longer economically 
disadvantaged.
    (b) Criteria for determining whether a Participant has met its goals 
and objectives. In determining whether a Participant has substantially 
achieved the targets, objectives and goals of its business plan and in 
assessing the overall competitive strength and viability of a 
Participant, SBA considers the totality of circumstances, including the 
following factors:
    (1) Degree of sustained profitability;
    (2) Sales trends, including improved ratio of non-8(a) sales to 8(a) 
sales since program entry;

[[Page 256]]

    (3) Business net worth, financial ratios, working capital, 
capitalization, and access to credit and capital;