[Title 3 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - January 1, 2009 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



[[Page i]]

          

          3


          2008 Compilation
          and
          Parts 100-102

                         Revised as of January 1, 2009


          The President
          



________________________
                    Published by:
                    Office of the Federal Register
                    National Archives and Records Administration

                    A Special Edition of the Federal Register

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        ................................................................


                            TABLE OF CONTENTS


                                                                    Page
List of Title 3 Compilations..........................................iv
Explanation of the Code of Federal Regulations.........................v
Explanation of This Title.............................................ix
How To Cite This Title................................................xi
Title 3.............................................................xiii
     2008 Compilation--Presidential Documents..........................1
     Chapter I--Executive Office of the President....................321
Title 3 Finding Aids.................................................331
     Tables..........................................................333
     List of CFR Sections Affected...................................351
     Index...........................................................353
CFR Finding Aids.....................................................365
     Table of CFR Titles and Chapters................................367
     Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR..............387

[[Page iv]]




                          TITLE 3 COMPILATIONS


------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Title 3 Compilations           Proclamations     Executive Orders
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 1936-1938......................  2161-2286.........          7316-7905
 1938-1943......................  2287-2587.........          7906-9347
 1943-1948......................  2588-2823.........         9348-10025
 1949-1953......................  2824-3041.........        10026-10510
 1954-1958......................  3042-3265.........        10511-10797
 1959-1963......................  3266-3565.........        10798-11134
 1964-1965......................  3566-3694.........        11135-11263
 1966-1970......................  3695-4025.........        11264-11574
 1971-1975......................  4026-4411.........        11575-11893
 1976...........................  4412-4480.........        11894-11949
 1977...........................  4481-4543.........        11950-12032
 1978...........................  4544-4631.........        12033-12110
 1979...........................  4632-4709.........        12111-12187
 1980...........................  4710-4812.........        12188-12260
 1981...........................  4813-4889.........        12261-12336
 1982...........................  4890-5008.........        12337-12399
 1983...........................  5009-5142.........        12400-12456
 1984...........................  5143-5291.........        12457-12497
 1985...........................  5292-5424.........        12498-12542
 1986...........................  5425-5595.........        12543-12579
 1987...........................  5596-5759.........        12580-12622
 1988...........................  5760-5928.........        12623-12662
 1989...........................  5929-6084.........        12663-12698
 1990...........................  6085-6240.........        12699-12741
 1991...........................  6241-6398.........        12742-12787
 1992...........................  6399-6520.........        12788-12827
 1993...........................  6521-6643.........        12828-12890
 1994...........................  6644-6763.........        12891-12944
 1995...........................  6764-6859.........        12945-12987
 1996...........................  6860-6965.........        12988-13033
 1997...........................  6966-7061.........        13034-13071
 1998...........................  7062-7161.........        13072-13109
 1999...........................  7162-7262.........        13110-13144
 2000...........................  7263-7389.........        13145-13185
 2001...........................  7263-7516.........        13145-13251
 2002...........................  7517-7635.........        13252-13282
 2003...........................  7636-7748.........        13283-13323
 2004...........................  7749-7858.........        13324-13368
 2005...........................  7859-7972.........        13369-13394
 2006...........................  7873-8098.........        13395-13421
 2007...........................  8099-8214.........        13422-13453
 2008...........................  8215-8334.........        13454-13483
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beginning with 1976, Title 3 compilations also include regulations
  contained in Chapter I, Executive Office of the President.
Supplementary publications include: Presidential documents of the Hoover
  Administration (two volumes), Proclamations 1870-2037 and Executive
  Orders 5076-6070; Consolidated Indexes for 1936-1965; and Consolidated
  Tables for 1936-1965.


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                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
together to determine the latest version of any given rule.
    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
revision date (in this case, January 1, 2009), consult the ``List of CFR 
Sections Affected (LSA),'' which is issued monthly, and the ``Cumulative 
List of Parts Affected,'' which appears in the Reader Aids section of 
the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal 
Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

    Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal 
Register since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source 
citations for the regulations are referred to by volume number and page 
number of the Federal Register and date of publication. Publication 
dates and effective dates are usually not the same and care must be 
exercised by the user in determining the actual effective date. In 
instances where the effective date is beyond the cut-off date for the 
Code a note has been inserted to reflect the future effective date. In 
those instances where a regulation published in the Federal Register 
states a date certain for expiration, an appropriate note will be 
inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

[[Page vi]]

Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting 
requirements.

OBSOLETE PROVISIONS

    Provisions that become obsolete before the revision date stated on 
the cover of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text 
of provisions in effect on a given date in the past by using the 
appropriate numerical list of sections affected. For the period before 
January 1, 2001, consult either the List of CFR Sections Affected, 1949-
1963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, or 1986-2000, published in 11 separate 
volumes. For the period beginning January 1, 2001, a ``List of CFR 
Sections Affected'' is published at the end of each CFR volume.

CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES

    A subject index to the Code of Federal Regulations is contained in a 
separate volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR Index 
and Finding Aids. This volume contains the Parallel Table of Statutory 
Authorities and Agency Rules (Table I). A list of CFR titles, chapters, 
and parts and an alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR are 
also included in this volume.
    An index to the text of ``Title 3--The President'' is carried within 
that volume.
    The Federal Register Index is issued monthly in cumulative form. 
This index is based on a consolidation of the ``Contents'' entries in 
the daily Federal Register.
    A List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA) is published monthly, keyed to 
the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.

REPUBLICATION OF MATERIAL

    There are no restrictions on the republication of textual material 
appearing in the Code of Federal Regulations.

INQUIRIES

    For a legal interpretation or explanation of any regulation in this 
volume, contact the issuing agency. The issuing agency's name appears at 
the top of odd-numbered pages.
    For inquiries concerning CFR reference assistance, call 202-741-6000 
or write to the Director, Office of the Federal Register, National 
Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408 or e-mail 
fedreg.info@nara.gov.

SALES

    The Government Printing Office (GPO) processes all sales and 
distribution of the CFR. For payment by credit card, call toll-free, 
866-512-1800, or DC area, 202-512-1800, M-F 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. e.s.t. or 
fax your order to 202-512-2250, 24 hours a day. For payment by check, 
write to the Superintendent of Documents, Attn: New Orders, P.O. Box 
371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. For GPO Customer Service call 202-
512-1803.

ELECTRONIC SERVICES

    The full text of the Code of Federal Regulations, the LSA (List of 
CFR Sections Affected), The United States Government Manual, the Federal 
Register, Public Laws, Public Papers, Weekly Compilation of Presidential 
Documents and the Privacy Act Compilation are available in electronic 
format at www.gpoaccess.gov/nara (``GPO Access''). For more information, 
contact Electronic Information Dissemination Services, U.S. Government 
Printing Office. Phone 202-512-1530, or 888-293-6498 (toll-free). E-
mail, gpoaccess@gpo.gov.

[[Page vii]]

    The Office of the Federal Register also offers a free service on the 
National Archives and Records Administration's (NARA) World Wide Web 
site for public law numbers, Federal Register finding aids, and related 
information. Connect to NARA's web site at www.archives.gov/federal--
register. The NARA site also contains links to GPO Access.

                              Raymond A. Mosley,
                                    Director,
                          Office of the Federal Register.

January 1, 2009.

[[Page ix]]




                        EXPLANATION OF THIS TITLE

    This volume of ``Title 3--The President'' contains a compilation of 
 Presidential documents and a codification of regulations issued by the 
                                      Executive Office of the President.

         The 2008 Compilation contains the full text of those documents 
      signed by the President that were required to be published in the 
   Federal Register. Signature date rather than publication date is the 
     criterion for inclusion. With each annual volume, the Presidential 
       documents signed in the previous year become the new compilation.

    Chapter I contains regulations issued by the Executive Office of the 
 President. This section is a true codification like other CFR volumes, 
in that its contents are organized by subject or regulatory area and are 
                   updated by individual issues of the Federal Register.

       Presidential documents in this volume may be cited ``3 CFR, 2008 
 Comp.'' Thus, the preferred abbreviated citation for Proclamation 8215 
      appearing on page 1 of this book, is ``3 CFR, 2008 Comp., p. 1.'' 
          Chapter I entries may be cited ``3 CFR.'' Thus, the preferred 
 abbreviated citation for section 100.1, appearing in chapter I of this 
                                               book, is ``3 CFR 100.1.''

            This book is one of the volumes in a series that began with 
 Proclamation 2161 of March 19, 1936, and Executive Order 7316 of March 
  13, 1936, and that has been continued by means of annual compilations 
  and periodic cumulations. The entire Title 3 series, as of January 1, 
                  2009, is encompassed in the volumes listed on page iv.

     For readers interested in proclamations and Executive orders prior 
to 1936, there is a two-volume set entitled Proclamations and Executive 
     Orders, Herbert Hoover (March 4, 1929, to March 4, 1933). Codified 
Presidential documents are published in the Codification of Presidential 
 Proclamations and Executive Orders (April 13, 1945--January 20, 1989). 
Other public Presidential documents not required to be published in the 
          Federal Register, such as speeches, messages to Congress, and 
     statements, can be found in the Weekly Compilation of Presidential 
Documents and the Public Papers of the Presidents series. Each of these 
 Office of the Federal Register publications is available for sale from 
the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, 
                                                               DC 20402.

    This book was prepared in the Presidential Documents and Legislative 
   Division under the supervision of Gwendolyn J. Henderson. Michael J. 
                                           Forcina was the Chief Editor.

[[Page xi]]

________________________________________________________________________


               Cite Presidential documents in this volume
                            3 CFR, 2008 Comp.
                      thus: 3 CFR, 2008 Comp., p. 1
________________________________________________________________________

                  Cite chapter I entries in this volume
                                  3 CFR
                            thus: 3 CFR 100.1


________________________________________________________________________



[[Page xiii]]

________________________________________________________________________



                         TITLE 3--THE PRESIDENT


                                                                    Page

2008 Compilation--Presidential Documents:
     Proclamations.....................................................1
     Executive Orders................................................157
     Other Presidential Documents....................................267
Chapter I--Executive Office of the President:
    Part 100.........................................................321
    Part 101.........................................................321
    Part 102.........................................................321
Finding Aids:
    Table 1--Proclamations...........................................333
    Table 2--Executive Orders........................................337
    Table 3--Other Presidential Documents............................339
    Table 4--Presidential Documents Affected During 2008.............343
    Table 5--Statutes Cited as Authority for Presidential Documents..347
    List of CFR Sections Affected....................................351
    Index............................................................353
CFR Finding Aids:
    Table of CFR Titles and Chapters.................................367
    Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR...............387


[[Page 1]]



                2008 Compilation--Presidential Documents


________________________________________________________________________


                              PROCLAMATIONS


________________________________________________________________________






Proclamation 8215 of January 14, 2008

Religious Freedom Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Thomas Jefferson counted the freedom of worship as one of America's 
greatest blessings. He said it was ``a liberty deemed in other countries 
incompatible with good government, and yet proved by our experience to 
be its best support.'' On Religious Freedom Day, we celebrate the 1786 
passage of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.
The freedom to worship according to one's conscience is one of our 
Nation's most cherished values. It is the first protection offered in 
the Bill of Rights: that ``Congress shall make no law respecting an 
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.'' 
In America, people of different faiths can live together united in 
peace, tolerance, and humility. We are committed to the proposition that 
as equal citizens of the United States of America, all are free to 
worship as they choose.
In an era during which an unprecedented number of nations have embraced 
individual freedom, we have also witnessed the stubborn endurance of 
religious repression. Religious freedom belongs not to any one nation, 
but to the world, and my Administration continues to support freedom of 
worship at home and abroad. On Religious Freedom Day and throughout the 
year, we recognize the importance of religious freedom and the vital 
role it plays in spreading liberty and ensuring human dignity.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 16, 2008, as 
Religious Freedom Day. I call on all Americans to reflect on the great 
blessing

[[Page 2]]

of religious liberty, endeavor to preserve this freedom for future 
generations, and commemorate this day with appropriate events and 
activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8216 of January 16, 2008

Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., changed our Nation forever through his 
leadership, service, and clarity of vision. On the Martin Luther King, 
Jr., Federal Holiday, we honor the lasting legacy of this great 
American, remember the ideals for which he fought, and recommit 
ourselves to ensuring that our country's promise extends to all 
Americans across this great land.
In the brief time Dr. King walked upon this earth, he devoted his life 
to strengthening the content of the American character and called on our 
Nation to live up to its founding principles of life, liberty, and the 
pursuit of happiness for all its citizens. Dr. King's faith in the 
Almighty gave him the courage to confront discrimination and 
segregation, and he preached that all the powers of evil are ultimately 
no match for even one individual armed with eternal truths. Through his 
determination, spirit, and resolve, Dr. King helped lift souls and lead 
one of the greatest movements for equality and freedom in history.
Our Nation has made progress toward realizing Dr. King's dream, yet the 
work to achieve liberty and justice for all is never-ending. In July of 
2006, I was honored to sign the ``Fannie Lou Hamer, Rosa Parks, and 
Coretta Scott King Voting Rights Act Reauthorization and Amendments Act 
of 2006,'' to renew the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and reaffirm our 
commitment to securing the voting rights of all Americans. My 
Administration will continue to protect the rights won through the 
sacrifice of Dr. King and other civil rights leaders, and our country 
will never rest until equality is real, opportunity is universal, and 
all citizens are empowered to realize their dreams.
As we observe Dr. King's birthday, I encourage all Americans to 
celebrate his memory by performing acts of kindness through service to 
others. Let us live out Dr. King's teachings as we continue to work for 
the day when the dignity and humanity of every person is respected.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 21, 2008, as the 
Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday. I encourage all Americans to 
observe this day with appropriate civic, community, and service programs 
and activities in honor of Dr. King's life and legacy.

[[Page 3]]

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8217 of January 18, 2008

National Sanctity of Human Life Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On National Sanctity of Human Life Day, we recognize that each life has 
inherent dignity and matchless value, and we reaffirm our steadfast 
determination to defend the weakest and most vulnerable members of our 
society.
America was founded on the belief that all men are created equal and 
have an inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of 
happiness, and our country remains committed to upholding that founding 
principle. Since taking office, I have signed legislation to help 
protect life at all stages, and my Administration will continue to 
encourage adoption, fund abstinence education and crisis pregnancy 
programs, and support faith-based groups. Today, as our society searches 
for new ways to ease human suffering, we must pursue the possibilities 
of science in a manner that respects the sacred gift of life and upholds 
our moral values.
Our Nation has made progress in its efforts to protect human life, and 
we will strive to change hearts and minds with compassion and decency. 
On National Sanctity of Human Life Day and throughout the year, we help 
strengthen the culture of life in America and work for the day when 
every child is welcomed in life and protected in law.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim Sunday, January 20, 2008, 
as National Sanctity of Human Life Day. I call upon all Americans to 
recognize this day with appropriate ceremonies and to underscore our 
commitment to respecting and protecting the life and dignity of every 
human being.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

[[Page 4]]





Proclamation 8218 of January 28, 2008

National African American History Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National African American History Month, we honor the 
achievements and celebrate the rich heritage of African Americans.
Throughout our Nation's history, African Americans from all walks of 
life have offered their talents to the betterment of American society. 
Scholars such as Frederick Douglass and W.E.B. DuBois were early leaders 
who placed great importance on educating all people about the need for 
justice and racial equality. Athletes such as Jackie Robinson and Althea 
Gibson persevered while breaking the color barrier and competing at the 
highest levels of sports. Musicians like Nat King Cole and Billie 
Holiday lifted the American spirit with their creativity and musical 
gifts. Through their extraordinary accomplishments, these leaders helped 
bring our Nation closer to fulfilling its founding ideals.
This year's theme, ``Carter G. Woodson and the Origins of 
Multiculturalism,'' honors an educator who taught his fellow citizens 
about the traditions and contributions of African Americans. His 
dedication to educating Americans about cultural diversity initiated 
this celebration of African-American history. Our Nation is now stronger 
and more hopeful because generations of leaders like him have worked to 
help America live up to its promise of equality and the great truth that 
all of God's children are created equal.
Throughout African American History Month, we celebrate the many 
contributions African Americans have made to our Nation, and we are 
reminded of their courage in their struggle to change the hearts and 
minds of our citizens. While much progress has been made, we must 
continue to work together to achieve the promise and vision of our great 
Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim February 2008 as National 
African American History Month. I call upon public officials, educators, 
and all the people of the United States to observe this month with 
appropriate programs and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of January, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

[[Page 5]]





Proclamation 8219 of January 28, 2008

Sixth Anniversary of USA Freedom Corps, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

People across this great Nation have heard the universal call to love a 
neighbor and are using their time and talents to make a difference in 
the lives of others. On the sixth anniversary of the USA Freedom Corps, 
we celebrate the spirit of service in America and honor the volunteers 
whose good work represents the generous character of our country.
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, I created the USA 
Freedom Corps to build on the countless acts of service, sacrifice, and 
generosity undertaken by our citizens. The USA Freedom Corps is 
dedicated to expanding volunteer service and extending the goodwill of 
the American people across our country and around the globe. By 
connecting individuals with volunteer opportunities, the USA Freedom 
Corps has helped ensure that millions of people have a chance to make a 
difference in the lives of those in need. The USA Freedom Corps also 
helps strengthen the non-profit sector and supports other national 
service programs and initiatives such as the Peace Corps, Citizen Corps, 
AmeriCorps, and Senior Corps. These efforts can help us build a more 
hopeful country and create a chain of compassion for generations to 
come.
Volunteers demonstrate kindness and touch lives. With hard work and 
dedication, volunteers help the less fortunate, respond to crises, 
mentor children, assist the elderly, and strengthen our communities. I 
urge all Americans to serve others and to learn more about service 
opportunities by visiting the USA Freedom Corps website at 
volunteer.gov. By providing help and hope to others, Americans can lead 
the world toward a more caring and compassionate tomorrow.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 29, 2008, as the 
Sixth Anniversary of the USA Freedom Corps. I call upon the citizens of 
this great country to find ways to volunteer and to use their time, 
energy, and talents to help their fellow Americans, and I commend the 
efforts of the USA Freedom Corps and all those who answer the call to 
serve.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of January, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

[[Page 6]]





Proclamation 8220 of February 1, 2008

American Heart Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Heart disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the 
United States. As we observe American Heart Month, we renew our 
commitment to raising awareness of the serious impact of cardiovascular 
disease, and we encourage all citizens to take steps to help prevent it.
By exercising regularly, avoiding tobacco, limiting consumption of 
alcohol, following a nutritious diet, and monitoring high blood 
cholesterol and high blood pressure, we all can work to decrease the 
chances of developing cardiovascular disease. I urge all Americans to 
take advantage of regular screenings and consult their doctors about how 
to reduce their personal risk for heart disease.
In 2002, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, coordinating 
with other Federal agencies and national organizations, established the 
national campaign ``The Heart Truth'' to raise awareness among women of 
the dangers of cardiovascular disease. Today, more Americans are aware 
that it is the leading cause of death. The National Ambassador of ``The 
Heart Truth'' campaign, First Lady Laura Bush, continues to lead the 
Federal Government's efforts to send the urgent message to women about 
their risk for heart disease. Through this campaign, millions of women 
across the country have come to recognize the red dress as an important 
reminder to make healthy choices for their heart and encourage others to 
do the same.
During American Heart Month, we express our gratitude to the dedicated 
medical professionals, researchers, and others whose tireless efforts 
help save lives and make a difference for countless Americans. As we 
work together to fight this deadly disease, we recognize that every 
person can take action to reduce his or her risk for heart disease and 
make the decision to live a healthier life.
In acknowledgement of the importance of the ongoing fight against 
cardiovascular disease, the Congress, by Joint Resolution approved 
December 30, 1963, as amended (77 Stat. 843; 36 U.S.C. 101), has 
requested that the President issue an annual proclamation designating 
February as ``American Heart Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim February 2008 as American Heart Month, and I 
invite all Americans to participate in National Wear Red Day on February 
1, 2008. I also invite the Governors of the States, the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, officials of other areas subject to the jurisdiction of the 
United States, and the American people to join me in recognizing and 
reaffirming our commitment to fighting cardiovascular disease.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

[[Page 7]]





Proclamation 8221 of February 28, 2008

American Red Cross Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In 1881, Clara Barton established the American Red Cross, and for years 
afterward, she led that organization in its noble cause to provide 
healing, comfort, and hope to those in need. Today, her legacy lives on 
through the millions of individuals who have answered the timeless call 
to serve others. During American Red Cross Month, we honor this 
charitable organization, and we reflect on its remarkable achievements 
and contributions to our country.
The American Red Cross exemplifies the good heart of this Nation by 
leading humanitarian efforts at home and around the world. This past 
year the American Red Cross provided food, comfort, and medical 
assistance to the victims of the tragic bridge collapse in Minnesota, 
the devastating wildfires in California, and the tornadoes that affected 
several Southern States. From the mountains of Peru to the lowlands of 
Bangladesh, the American Red Cross and its partners helped to provide 
relief abroad to those affected by natural disasters and humanitarian 
emergencies.
The American Red Cross also helps provide vital assistance by organizing 
blood drives, teaching health and safety programs, and providing 
lifesaving supplies. By compassionately supporting our men and women in 
uniform and their families, it helps to lift the spirits of our wounded 
warriors. During this month, we send our heartfelt gratitude to the 
volunteers and staff of the American Red Cross.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America and Honorary Chairman of the American Red Cross, by virtue of 
the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the United 
States, do hereby proclaim March 2008 as American Red Cross Month. I 
commend the dedicated efforts of the American Red Cross, and I encourage 
all Americans to help make our world a better place by volunteering 
their time, energy, and talents for others.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of February, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8222 of February 28, 2008

Save Your Vision Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Early diagnosis and proper treatment of eye disease can help preserve 
the gift of sight. During Save Your Vision Week, we encourage Americans 
to receive routine vision screenings and to understand the importance of 
keeping their eyes healthy and safe.
Today, millions of Americans live with some form of eye disease, such as 
glaucoma, corneal disease, macular degeneration, or diabetic eye 
disease. Individuals can help to avoid these diseases and maintain 
healthy eyes by following good eating habits, using appropriate 
protective eyewear, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Citizens should 
discuss with their physician the dangers of eye disease and see that 
their children are tested before their first year of school.
My Administration will continue to seek better ways to prevent and treat 
eye diseases. The National Eye Institute's website, www.nei.nih.gov, 
provides many resources to help Americans find information on eye 
disease and on where to find local eye-care professionals. By being 
proactive, Americans can help prevent vision loss and live healthier 
lives.
The Congress, by joint resolution approved December 30, 1963, as amended 
(77 Stat. 629; 36 U.S.C. 138), has authorized and requested the 
President to proclaim the first week in March of each year as ``Save 
Your Vision Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim March 2 through March 8, 2008, as Save Your 
Vision Week. I encourage all Americans to learn more about eye care and 
eye safety and to take measures to help ensure a lifetime of healthy 
vision.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of February, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8223 of February 29, 2008

Irish-American Heritage Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since the earliest days of our Republic, Irish Americans have enriched 
our culture with their faith, values, and hard work. During the month of 
March, we celebrate the contributions of Americans who trace their 
ancestry back to Ireland's shores.

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Many of the sons and daughters of Erin came to America fleeing famine 
and poverty. They came with dreams of opportunity, and they helped to 
build our democracy and advance the cause of liberty. Irish Americans in 
all walks of life have made lasting contributions to our Nation, and we 
honor the service of Irish Americans in America's Armed Forces. 
Throughout our history, those claiming Irish ancestry have helped shape 
and strengthen America, including as signers of the Declaration of 
Independence and as Presidents of the United States.
This month, we celebrate the patriotic and proud people who originated 
from the Emerald Isle and who have played a vital role in the story of 
this Nation of immigrants.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 2008 as Irish-
American Heritage Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this month 
by celebrating the contributions of Irish Americans to our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8224 of February 29, 2008

National Consumer Protection Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As we face new challenges in the 21st century, we must work to ensure 
that Americans are kept safe in the marketplace. During National 
Consumer Protection Week, as my Administration works with Congress to 
improve our consumer product safety system, we also encourage Americans 
to make informed financial decisions and take advantage of the resources 
that can help them become responsible consumers, savers, and investors.
This year's theme for National Consumer Protection Week, ``Financial 
Literacy: A Sound Investment,'' encourages consumers to take steps to 
build a firm financial foundation. By becoming informed consumers, 
individuals can help plan for their future, protect their identity, and 
effectively manage their finances. It is important for citizens to be 
knowledgeable on financial matters such as choosing a health insurance 
plan, comparing savings and retirement plans, and realizing how credit 
scores can affect them. Education is the first line of defense in 
helping consumers manage their money wisely and safeguard themselves 
against fraud and identity theft.
My Administration is working to expand the American people's financial 
education. In January of this year, I signed an Executive Order 
establishing the President's Advisory Council on Financial Literacy. 
This Council will help keep America competitive and assist Americans in 
understanding and addressing financial matters. By visiting consumer.gov 
and mymoney.gov,

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Americans can discover the tools they need to make financial decisions 
and be successful in today's marketplace.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 2 through March 8, 
2008, as National Consumer Protection Week. I call upon Government 
officials, industry leaders, and consumer advocates to make available 
information about how citizens can help to prevent fraud and identity 
theft, and I encourage all Americans to gain the financial literacy they 
need to compete in the 21st century.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8225 of March 10, 2008

Women's History Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During Women's History Month, we celebrate the courage, foresight, and 
resolve of women who have strengthened our democracy.
America has been transformed by strong women whose contributions shaped 
the history of our country. Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly 
solo across the Atlantic, and she inspired generations of women to 
follow their dreams. Physicist Chien-Shiung Wu helped advance our 
knowledge and understanding of the world through her achievements in 
atomic research. Harriet Tubman fought racial injustice and opened doors 
for more Americans to participate fully in our society.
Today, women are continuing this legacy of leadership as entrepreneurs, 
doctors, teachers, scientists, lawyers, artists, and public officials. 
They are also providing guidance and care to their loved ones and 
strengthening America's families and communities. We also remember the 
women of the United States Armed Forces who are serving our country with 
honor and distinction across the world.
This month, we honor the extraordinary women of our Nation's past and 
recognize the countless women who are demonstrating leadership in every 
aspect of American life.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 2008 as Women's 
History Month. I call upon all our citizens to observe this month with 
appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities that honor the history, 
accomplishments, and contributions of American women.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of March, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8226 of March 14, 2008

National Poison Prevention Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since 1962, National Poison Prevention Week has helped to raise 
awareness about the dangers of potentially poisonous medicines and 
household chemicals. During this week, we underscore our commitment to 
protect our fellow citizens from accidental poisonings and to educate 
families about the preventive steps that can be taken to ensure the 
safety of our young people.
More than 2 million poisonings are reported each year across the 
country. In order to help prevent these poisonings, parents should place 
household chemicals out of the reach of children, keep items in their 
original containers, and read the labels and dosages on all products 
thoroughly before use. Installing carbon monoxide alarms in homes to 
help monitor air quality can also save lives.
To learn more about the ways to keep children safe and help prevent 
poisonings, I encourage all Americans to visit the Poison Prevention 
Week Council website at poisonprevention.org. In case of an emergency, 
individuals can contact the nearest Poison Control Center 24 hours a 
day, 7 days a week at 1-800-222-1222. By taking precautions, properly 
supervising children, and knowing what to do in an emergency, we can 
protect the health and well-being of more Americans.
To encourage Americans to learn more about the dangers of accidental 
poisonings and to take appropriate preventive measures, the Congress, by 
joint resolution approved September 26, 1961, as amended (75 Stat. 681), 
has authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation 
designating the third week of March each year as ``National Poison 
Prevention Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim March 16 through March 22, 2008, as National 
Poison Prevention Week. I call upon all Americans to observe this week 
by participating in appropriate activities and by learning how to 
prevent poisonings.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8227 of March 20, 2008

Greek Independence Day: A National Day of Celebration of Greek and 
American Democracy, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Greek Independence Day, we recognize the important contributions 
Greek Americans have made to our national character, celebrate the deep 
friendship between our two countries, and honor the anniversary of the 
Greek call for independence.
 The United States and Greece share a close relationship based on our 
common belief in the power of freedom. The ancient Athenians gave birth 
to the principles of democracy, and America's Founding Fathers were 
inspired by Greek ideals that honored and respected human dignity and 
rights. When the people of Greece claimed their independence in 1821, 
they had the strong support of the United States. Greek patriots risked 
their lives because they knew freedom and democracy were both their 
proud legacy and their ultimate destiny. Today, our nations remain 
allies in the cause of freedom and are working to lay the foundations of 
peace and spread the blessings of liberty around the world.
 In celebrating Greek Independence Day, we commemorate the heritage of 
freedom our countries hold dear, and we remember the Greek Americans 
whose strong spirit, resolve, and courage helped shape America.
 NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 25, 2008, as Greek 
Independence Day: A National Day of Celebration of Greek and American 
Democracy. I call upon all Americans to observe this day with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twentieth day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8228 of March 28, 2008

To Modify the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States and for 
Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. Section 1205(a) of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 
(the ``1988 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 3005(a)) directs the United States 
International Trade Commission (the ``Commission'') to keep the 
Harmonized Tariff

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Schedule of the United States (HTS) under continuous review and 
periodically to recommend to the President such modifications to the HTS 
as the Commission considers necessary or appropriate to accomplish the 
purposes set forth in that subsection. In 2006, the Commission 
recommended modifications to the HTS pursuant to section 1205 of the 
1988 Act to conform the HTS to amendments made to the International 
Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System 
(the ``Convention''). In Presidential Proclamation 8097 of December 29, 
2006, I modified the HTS pursuant to section 1206(a) of the 1988 Act (19 
U.S.C. 3006(a)) to conform the HTS to the Convention.
2. The Commission has recommended further modifications to the HTS 
pursuant to sections 1205(a) and (d) of the 1988 Act (19 U.S.C. 3005(a) 
and (d)) to alleviate unnecessary administrative burdens, and to ensure 
that the prior modifications proclaimed in Proclamation 8097 maintain 
substantial rate neutrality.
3. Section 1206(a) of the 1988 Act authorizes the President to proclaim 
modifications to the HTS based on the recommendations of the Commission 
under section 1205 of the 1988 Act, if he determines that the 
modifications are in conformity with United States obligations under the 
Convention and do not run counter to the national economic interest of 
the United States. I have determined that the modifications to the HTS 
proclaimed in this proclamation pursuant to section 1206(a) of the 1988 
Act are in conformity with United States obligations under the 
Convention and do not run counter to the national economic interest of 
the United States.
4. Presidential Proclamation 7746 of December 30, 2003, implemented the 
United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement with respect to the United 
States, and Presidential Proclamation 7747 of December 30, 2003, 
implemented the United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement with 
respect to the United States. In Presidential Proclamation 8097, I 
proclaimed modifications to the HTS that I determined were necessary or 
appropriate to continue to carry out the duty reductions proclaimed in 
Proclamations 7746 and 7747.
5. In Presidential Proclamation 8214 of December 27, 2007, I further 
modified the HTS pursuant to section 1206(a) of the 1988 Act to ensure 
the continuation of tariff and certain other treatment accorded 
originating goods under tariff categories modified in Proclamation 8097 
and to carry out the duty reductions proclaimed in Proclamations 7746 
and 7747. Technical rectifications to the HTS are required to provide 
the intended tariff treatment.
6. On August 5, 2004, the United States entered into the Dominican 
Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) 
with Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, 
Honduras, and Nicaragua. The Congress approved the CAFTA-DR in section 
101(a) of the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free 
Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``CAFTA-DR Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
4011).

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7. Sections 321-328 of the CAFTA-DR Act (19 U.S.C. 4081-4088) authorize 
the President to take certain actions in response to a request by an 
interested party for relief from serious damage or actual threat thereof 
to a domestic industry producing certain textile or apparel articles. I 
assigned certain functions under these provisions to the Committee for 
the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA) in Proclamation 7987 of 
February 28, 2006.
8. Executive Order 11651 of March 3, 1972, as amended, established CITA, 
consisting of representatives of the Departments of State, the Treasury, 
Commerce, and Labor, and the Office of the United States Trade 
Representative, with the representative of the Department of Commerce as 
Chairman, to supervise the implementation of textile trade agreements. 
Consistent with 3 U.S.C. 301, when carrying out functions vested in the 
President by statute and assigned by the President to CITA, the 
officials collectively exercising those functions are all to be officers 
required to be appointed by the President with the advice and consent of 
the Senate.
9. Section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the ``Trade Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 2483), authorizes the President to embody in the HTS the 
substance of the provisions of that Act, and of other Acts affecting 
import treatment, and actions thereunder, including removal, 
modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or other 
import restriction.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
section 1206 of the 1988 Act, sections 321-328 of the CAFTA-DR Act, 
section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and section 604 of the Trade 
Act do proclaim that:
(1) In order to modify the HTS to conform it to the Convention or any 
amendment thereto recommended for adoption, to promote the uniform 
application of the Convention, to establish additional subordinate 
tariff categories, and to make technical and conforming changes to 
existing provisions, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex I to this 
proclamation.
(2) In order to provide the intended tariff treatment to imports of 
originating goods from Chile, the HTS is modified as set out in section 
A of Annex II to this proclamation.
(3) In order to provide the intended tariff treatment to imports of 
originating goods from Singapore, the HTS is modified as set out in 
section B of Annex II to this proclamation.
(4) The CITA is authorized to exercise my authority under sections 321-
328 of the CAFTA-DR Act to provide relief from imports that are the 
subject of a determination under section 322(a) of the CAFTA-DR Act, to 
the extent necessary to remedy or prevent serious damage and to 
facilitate adjustment by the domestic industry.
(5) The United States Trade Representative shall modify the HTS in a 
notice published in the Federal Register to reflect determinations 
pursuant to paragraph (4) of this proclamation by the CITA.
(6) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.

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(7) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex I and Annex II to 
this proclamation shall be effective with respect to goods entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the respective 
dates specified in each section of such Annexes for the goods described 
therein.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of March, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8229 of April 1, 2008

Cancer Control Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During Cancer Control Month, we honor cancer victims and survivors, 
raise awareness of the impact cancer has on our citizens, and underscore 
our commitment to battling this deadly disease.
Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the United States, and we 
remain committed to making the medical advances necessary to prevent and 
treat this disease. Scientists and medical professionals have made great 
progress in developing innovative treatments, improving diagnostic 
tools, and increasing our understanding of cancer. These advances have 
helped people with cancer live longer, healthier lives.
All Americans can reduce their risk of developing cancer by following 
healthy eating habits, exercising regularly, avoiding tobacco and 
excessive use of alcohol, and controlling their weight. By scheduling 
regular physicals, getting preventive health screenings, and being aware 
of their family history, individuals who do develop cancer can increase 
the likelihood that it will be discovered at an earlier and more 
treatable stage. I encourage all our citizens to talk to their doctors 
and learn more about preventive measures that can save lives.
My Administration remains dedicated to finding a cure for cancer. Since 
2005, the Cancer Genome Atlas has played a role in advancing cancer 
research, and it is helping scientists learn more about the genetic 
sources of cancer. We continue to support the innovative advances needed 
to bring hope to those affected, and we will continue to fight cancer.
As we observe Cancer Control Month, we honor cancer survivors for their 
determination, courage, and strength, and we remember those who lost 
their valiant fight against cancer. Their stories are an inspiration to 
all Americans. We also recognize medical professionals, researchers, 
family members, and friends who help support cancer patients. Their 
efforts improve the quality of life for those suffering from cancer, and 
their compassion embodies the true spirit of our Nation.
The Congress of the United States, by joint resolution approved March 
28, 1938 (52 Stat. 148; 36 U.S.C. 103), as amended, has requested the 
President to issue an annual proclamation declaring April as ``Cancer 
Control Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim April 2008 as Cancer Control Month. I 
encourage citizens, government agencies, private businesses, nonprofit 
organizations, and other interested groups to join in activities that 
raise awareness about how all Americans can prevent and control cancer.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8230 of April 1, 2008

National Child Abuse Prevention Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Children are the hope and promise of our Nation, and our society has a 
special duty to ensure young Americans get the care and attention they 
need to succeed in life. During National Child Abuse Prevention Month, 
we underscore our commitment to preventing child abuse and neglect so 
that all children can live in safety and security.
Parents have a responsibility to safeguard their children from danger 
and to provide the love, protection, and guidance youngsters need to 
grow into confident and caring adults. In every community across the 
Nation, good and courageous citizens are improving the lives of our most 
vulnerable children with acts of compassion. The strength of America 
lies in the ability of our citizens to make a positive difference in the 
lives of our young people.
My Administration is committed to the safety of our Nation's youth. In 
2006, I signed into law the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, 
which was designed to protect children from sexual and other violent 
crimes, help prevent child pornography, and make the Internet safer for 
our children. This law expands sex offender registration and 
notification on a nationwide basis, provides a statutory basis for the 
Project Safe Childhood program, and gives communities and law 
enforcement the tools necessary to keep children out of harm's way. 
Additionally, with strengthened Federal penalties, we will ensure that 
those who prey on our children will be caught, prosecuted, and punished 
to the fullest extent of the law.
As we observe National Child Abuse Prevention Month, we reaffirm our 
loving commitment to America's youth and our dedication to building a 
society in which all children can realize their full potential.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2008 as National 
Child Abuse Prevention Month. I encourage all citizens to help protect 
our children from abuse and neglect and to take an active role in 
creating safe communities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8231 of April 1, 2008

National Donate Life Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every human life has matchless value, and during National Donate Life 
Month, we reaffirm our commitment to raising awareness about the 
importance of organ donation. We also express our appreciation to those 
who have donated organs, tissue, and marrow.
Thousands of Americans are currently on the waiting list for an organ or 
tissue transplant. I urge all Americans to register with their State's 
donor registry; fill out, sign, and carry an organ donor card; say yes 
to organ donation on their driver's license; and share their decision 
with family and friends. By taking these steps, Americans can help save 
lives. My Administration is committed to strengthening organ and tissue 
donation programs and awareness activities. Just last year, I was 
pleased to sign the ``Charlie W. Norwood Living Organ Donation Act,'' 
which helps match more donors with those in need of transplants. The 
kindness and generosity of donors reflect the compassionate spirit of 
our Nation.
During National Donate Life Month, we celebrate the life-saving work of 
medical professionals and researchers and the many others whose actions 
reflect our commitment to a brighter tomorrow. Individuals can visit 
organdonor.gov to learn more about organ and tissue donation and how 
they can give the gift of life.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2008 as National 
Donate Life Month. I call upon health care professionals, volunteers, 
educators, government agencies, faith-based and community groups, and 
private organizations to help raise awareness of the urgent need for 
organ and tissue donors throughout our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8232 of April 1, 2008

National Fair Housing Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Fair Housing Month, our Nation commemorates the 40th 
anniversary of the Fair Housing Act and reaffirms our dedication to 
maintaining equal access to housing for every American.

[[Page 22]]

On April 11, 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Fair Housing 
Act. This important legislation was one of a series of civil rights laws 
that sought to secure the rights of individuals and extend the full 
blessings of liberty to all Americans. The Fair Housing Act prohibits 
discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing and, in 
doing so, furthers the ideals championed by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., 
and other heroes of the civil rights movement.
Our Nation has come a long way, yet our journey to justice is not 
complete. While the housing market works through this difficult period, 
my Administration remains steadfast in its commitment to help 
responsible homeowners, to end discrimination, and to work to ensure 
that all citizens have access to housing. During National Fair Housing 
Month, we acknowledge our responsibility to ensure that all Americans 
enjoy the opportunities that this great land of liberty offers.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2008 as National 
Fair Housing Month. I call upon the people of the United States to learn 
more about their rights and responsibilities under the Fair Housing Act.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8233 of April 4, 2008

National Tartan Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Americans of Scottish descent have made enduring contributions to our 
Nation with their hard work, faith, and values. On National Tartan Day, 
we celebrate the spirit and character of Scottish Americans and 
recognize their many contributions to our culture and our way of life.
Scotland and the United States have long shared ties of family and 
friendship, and many of our country's most cherished customs and ideals 
first grew to maturity on Scotland's soil. The Declaration of Arbroath, 
the Scottish Declaration of Independence signed in 1320, embodied the 
Scots' strong dedication to liberty, and the Scots brought that 
tradition of freedom with them to the New World. Sons and daughters of 
many Scottish clans were among the first immigrants to settle in 
America, and their determination and optimism helped build our Nation's 
character. Several of our Founding Fathers were of Scottish descent, as 
have been many Presidents and Justices of the United States Supreme 
Court. Many Scottish Americans, such as Andrew Carnegie, were great 
philanthropists, founding and supporting numerous scientific, 
educational, and civic institutions. From the evocative sounds of the 
bagpipes to the great sport of golf, the Scots have also left an 
indelible mark on American culture.

[[Page 23]]

National Tartan Day is an opportunity to celebrate all Americans who 
claim Scottish ancestry, and we are especially grateful for the service 
in our Armed Forces of Scottish Americans who have answered the call to 
protect our Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 6, 2008, as National 
Tartan Day. I call upon all Americans to observe this day by celebrating 
the continued friendship between the people of Scotland and the United 
States and by recognizing the contributions of Scottish Americans to our 
Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8234 of April 8, 2008

National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America is blessed to have brave men and women willing to step forward 
to defend our freedoms and keep us safe. The members of the United 
States Armed Forces have proudly held fast against determined and 
ruthless enemies, protected our citizens from harm, and freed millions 
from oppression. On National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day, we 
pay tribute to the courageous and selfless individuals who were taken 
captive while serving the cause of peace and securing liberty across the 
globe.
America's former prisoners of war set an example of vision, valor, and 
unshakeable love of country that inspires our citizens. Through 
unspeakable conditions, they upheld their oath to defend America with 
honor and dignity. Their extraordinary spirit, patriotism, and resolve 
helped defeat tyranny and build democratic and just societies, enabling 
decent men and women around the world to live in freedom.
Our Nation is extremely proud of our former prisoners of war, and we owe 
them and their families a debt we can never fully repay. On National 
Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day, we honor our country's heroes 
who were prisoners of war, recognize their sacrifice, and express our 
deepest gratitude to those who helped write a more hopeful chapter in 
our history.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 9, 2008, as National 
Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day. I call upon the people of the 
United States to join me in honoring the service and sacrifices of all 
of

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America's former prisoners of war. I call upon Federal, State, and local 
government officials and private organizations to observe this day with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8235 of April 9, 2008

National D.A.R.E. Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For 25 years, Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) has given 
school children across America an opportunity to gain the skills they 
need to avoid involvement in drugs, gangs, and violence. On National 
D.A.R.E. Day, we recognize those individuals who teach America's 
children how to resist peer pressure and live productive, drug-free, and 
violence-free lives.
Millions of our Nation's young people have learned about the dangerous 
effects of drug abuse with the help of the D.A.R.E. program. Parents, 
law enforcement officials, teachers, and counselors are on the front 
lines of this effort and are sending our kids a clear message that drug 
use is dangerous and unacceptable. In classrooms across the country, 
police officers are answering students' tough questions about drugs and 
crime and encouraging an open line of communication between students and 
law enforcement.
My Administration is committed to reducing drug use among young people, 
and we are working to cut the supply of drugs coming into our country 
and fight demand here at home. Additionally, we are helping spread the 
message of drug prevention through the National Youth Anti-Drug Media 
Campaign and the Partnership for a Drug-Free America. The Helping 
America's Youth initiative, led by First Lady Laura Bush, is working 
with community leaders to address challenges facing young people on a 
daily basis. These and other efforts are helping to combat the 
destructive cycle of drug addiction.
All Americans have a responsibility to encourage others to turn away 
from drug abuse and to make good choices in life. During National 
D.A.R.E. Day, we renew our commitment to providing our youth the 
knowledge and encouragement they need to resist the pressures that can 
lead them to experiment with drugs and violent activities. By working 
together, we can help our children build lives of purpose and strengthen 
our communities, one heart and one soul at a time.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 10, 2008, as 
National D.A.R.E. Day. I urge all young people to make right choices and 
call upon all Americans to recognize our collective responsibility to 
combat every

[[Page 25]]

form of drug abuse and to support all those who work to help our 
children avoid drug use and violence.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8236 of April 10, 2008

Pan American Day and Pan American Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Pan American Day and during Pan American Week, we underscore the 
importance of a peaceful, democratic, and prosperous Western Hemisphere 
where our common values continue to strengthen friendships, advance 
freedom, and encourage fair trade.
The love of liberty is deeply rooted in our hemisphere. In the earliest 
days of our Republic, the people of the United States inspired patriots 
throughout the Americas to take their own stand for independence. Today, 
the decent and honorable people of both American continents are united 
in the desire for freedom and democracy. The United States stands with 
those who respect human rights and those who seek to bring change and 
hope to their countries. We look forward to the day when all of the 
Americas are wholly free and democratic.
My Administration remains committed to helping our friends as they 
advance the cause of justice and economic opportunity throughout the 
Western Hemisphere. Through Millennium Challenge Compacts, we support 
development in countries that govern justly, invest in their people, and 
promote economic freedom. In addition, the Dominican Republic-Central 
America-United States Free Trade Agreement, signed in 2005, has opened 
markets and created opportunities for American businesses, strengthened 
economic ties with our neighbors to the south, and brought hope to 
people so that they can better care for themselves and for their 
families. In December of 2007, I signed the United States-Peru Trade 
Promotion Agreement Implementation Act to bring economic gains for both 
of our countries, empower workers, and foster accountability and the 
rule of law. We seek to build on these successes by working with the 
Congress to approve the United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement 
and the United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement. These and other 
free trade agreements enhance prosperity in the United States and signal 
our firm support for those who share our values of freedom and 
democracy.
As we recognize Pan American Day and Pan American Week, we will continue 
to work together to advance our common interests and build a future in 
which opportunity reaches into every community.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 14, 2008, as Pan

[[Page 26]]

American Day and April 13 through April 19, 2008, as Pan American Week. 
I urge the Governors of the 50 States, the Governor of the Commonwealth 
of Puerto Rico, and the officials of other areas under the flag of the 
United States of America to honor these observances with appropriate 
ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8237 of April 11, 2008

National Crime Victims' Rights Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Crime Victims' Rights Week we highlight our dedication 
to protecting and strengthening the rights of crime victims and their 
families.
My Administration is committed to providing services and resources for 
victims of crime so that they can find justice, hope, and healing in 
their lives. To assist victims of domestic violence and their children, 
my Family Justice Center Initiative established comprehensive support 
centers in communities across the country. Through the Justice for All 
Act of 2004, we expanded DNA testing and enhanced the scope and 
enforceability of crime victims' rights. In 2006, I signed into law the 
Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act to expand the National Sex 
Offender Registry, increase Federal penalties for crimes against 
children, and protect our children while on the Internet. I also support 
a Crime Victims' Rights Amendment to the Constitution. Through these and 
other efforts, we can better protect our citizens and our communities.
During National Crime Victims' Rights Week, we recognize the advocates, 
counselors, and others who assist victims in their time of need, and the 
law enforcement personnel who work to bring offenders to justice. To 
learn more about victims' rights, Americans can visit 
www.crimevictims.gov. By working together, we can help protect crime 
victims and build a society that respects the life and value of every 
person.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 13 through April 19, 
2008, as National Crime Victims' Rights Week. I encourage all Americans 
to promote awareness of victims' rights and advance this important 
cause.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eleventh day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

[[Page 27]]





Proclamation 8238 of April 15, 2008

Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A., 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

A hopeful society helps ensure that its citizens develop the character, 
knowledge, and skills they need to succeed. On Education and Sharing 
Day, we underscore our dedication to encouraging our Nation's youth to 
build a solid foundation for a lifetime of accomplishment.
Education and Sharing Day pays tribute to the unique efforts of Rabbi 
Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe. The Rebbe helped 
create numerous education and outreach centers, which continue to 
provide social service programs and humanitarian aid at home and around 
the globe.
On this day and throughout the year, we encourage our children to set 
high goals, make the right choices, and put character first. By 
instilling respect, responsibility, civic duty, compassion, and honesty 
in our youth, we can help more of our citizens realize the great promise 
of America.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 16, 2008, as 
Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A. I call upon government officials, 
educators, volunteers, and all the people of the United States to reach 
out to young people and work to create a better, brighter, and more 
hopeful future for all.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8239 of April 15, 2008

National Park Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

President Franklin D. Roosevelt once said, ``There is nothing so 
American as our National Parks.'' During National Park Week, we 
underscore our commitment to conserving these magnificent places and 
recognize the many employees and volunteers who give their time and 
energy to keep them beautiful for all Americans to enjoy.
This year's theme for National Park Week, ``Kids In Parks,'' highlights 
youth programs and initiatives offered by the National Park Service to 
encourage children to be good stewards of the land. The Junior Ranger 
program is one such program that encourages America's youth to explore, 
protect, and learn about our national parks. Today, many national parks 
have

[[Page 28]]

active Junior Ranger programs. By visiting nps.gov/webrangers, young 
people can sign up to become WebRangers, enabling them to learn about 
different parks, monuments, and historic sites right from their homes.
Across the United States, the Federal Government plays a vital role in 
protecting our natural and historical treasures. My Administration 
launched the National Park Centennial Initiative to preserve and enhance 
these scenic wonders and to prepare for the 100th anniversary of the 
National Park Service in 2016. Serving as the Honorary Chair of the 
National Park Foundation, First Lady Laura Bush has also played a 
significant role in preserving our national parks. The First Lady is 
actively involved in programs such as First Bloom, which teaches 
children how to preserve native plants across America. In addition, this 
past Christmas, the White House highlighted our national parks with the 
theme ``Holiday in the National Parks.''
Our National Parks belong to each of us, and they are natural places to 
learn, exercise, volunteer, spend time with family and friends, and 
enjoy the magnificent beauty of our great land. During National Park 
Week and throughout the year, Americans of all ages can pledge to help 
maintain and enhance America's national treasures for future 
generations.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 19 through April 27, 
2008, as National Park Week. I invite all my fellow citizens to join me 
in celebrating America's national parks by visiting these wonderful 
spaces, discovering all they have to offer, and becoming active 
participants in park conservation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8240 of April 17, 2008

To Take Certain Actions Under the African Growth and Opportunity Act and 
the Generalized System of Preferences and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. Section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the ``1974 
Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(1)), as added by section 111(a) of the 
African Growth and Opportunity Act (title I of Public Law 106-200) 
(AGOA), authorizes the President to designate a country listed in 
section 107 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3706) as a ``beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African country'' if the President determines that the country meets the 
eligibility requirements set forth in section 104 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 
3703), as well as the eligibility criteria set forth in section 502 of 
the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2462).

[[Page 29]]

2. Section 104 of the AGOA authorizes the President to designate a 
country listed in section 107 of the AGOA as an ``eligible sub-Saharan 
African country'' if the President determines that the country meets 
certain eligibility requirements.
3. Section 112(c) of the AGOA, as amended in section 6002 of the Africa 
Investment Incentive Act of 2006 (Division D, Title VI, Public Law 109-
432) (19 U.S.C. 3721(c)), provides special rules for certain apparel 
articles imported from ``lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African countries.''
4. Pursuant to section 104 of the AGOA and section 506A(a)(1) of the 
1974 Act, I have determined that the Republic of Togo (Togo) meets the 
eligibility requirements set forth or referenced therein, and I have 
decided to designate Togo as an eligible sub-Saharan African country and 
as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country.
5. I further determine that Togo satisfies the criterion for treatment 
as a ``lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African country'' under 
section 112(c)(5)(D) of the AGOA, as amended.
6. Presidential Proclamation 8114 of March 19, 2007, implemented section 
112 of the AGOA, as amended. Technical corrections to the Harmonized 
Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) are necessary to implement 
the intended tariff treatment.
7. Pursuant to sections 501 and 502(a) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2461, 
2462(a)), the President is authorized to designate countries as 
beneficiary developing countries, and to designate any beneficiary 
developing country as a least-developed beneficiary developing country, 
for purposes of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program.
8. In Executive Order 12302 of April 1, 1981, the President designated 
the Solomon Islands as a beneficiary developing country for purposes of 
the GSP program. Pursuant to section 502(a)(2) of the 1974 Act, and 
having considered the factors set forth in sections 501 and 502(c), I 
have determined that the Solomon Islands should be designated as a 
least-developed beneficiary developing country for purposes of the GSP 
program.
9. In calendar year 2006, imports from Jamaica under subheading 
2202.90.37 of the HTS exceeded the relevant competitive need limitation 
(CNL) set forth in 19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2). Pursuant to section 
503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act, where imports of articles exceed the 
relevant CNL in a calendar year, the President shall withdraw duty-free 
treatment for such article by July 1 of the following year and modify 
the HTS accordingly.
10. On January 6, 1987, Colombia was granted a waiver of the CNL for 
imports under HTS subheading 1701.11.05. Despite the existing waiver of 
the CNL, on July 5, 2001, duty-free treatment was withdrawn in error for 
imports from Colombia under HTS subheading 1701.11.05 because import 
levels exceeded the relevant CNL in calendar year 2000. A technical 
correction to the HTS is required to reflect the waiver of the CNL for 
imports from Colombia under HTS subheading 1701.11.05.

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11. In Presidential Proclamation 8097 of December 29, 2006, I modified 
the HTS pursuant to section 1206(a) of the Omnibus Trade and 
Competitiveness Act of 1988 (19 U.S.C. 3006(a)) to conform the HTS to 
the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and 
Coding System (the ``Convention''). Additional conforming changes to the 
HTS are required to implement the intended tariff treatment.
12. Section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2483), as amended, authorizes 
the President to embody in the HTS the substance of relevant provisions 
of that Act, or other acts affecting import treatment, and of actions 
taken thereunder.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
section 104 of the AGOA and title V and section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2461-67, 2483), do proclaim that:
(1) Togo is designated as an eligible sub-Saharan African country and as 
a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of the AGOA.
(2) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 16(a) 
to the HTS is modified by inserting in alphabetical sequence in the list 
of beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries ``Republic of Togo,'' 
effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse 
for consumption, on or after the thirtieth day after the date of this 
proclamation.
(3) For purposes of section 112(c) of the AGOA, as amended, Togo is a 
lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African country.
(4) In order to provide the tariff treatment intended under section 112 
of the AGOA, as amended, the HTS is modified as set forth in the Annex 
to this proclamation.
(5) The Solomon Islands is designated as a least-developed beneficiary 
developing country for purposes of the GSP program.
(6) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 
4(b)(i) is modified by adding in alphabetical order ``The Solomon 
Islands,'' effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from 
warehouse for consumption, on or after the sixty-fifth day after the 
date of this proclamation.
(7) For purposes of the GSP program, in order to provide the intended 
tariff treatment for imports from Jamaica, under HTS subheading 
2202.90.37, general note 4(d) is modified by adding in numerical order 
``2202.90.37'' and by inserting ``Jamaica'' next to ``2202.90.37.''
(8) For purposes of the GSP program, in order to provide the intended 
tariff treatment for imports from Colombia, under HTS subheading 
1701.11.05, general note 4(d) is modified by deleting ``Colombia'' from 
the list of countries enumerated next to HTS subheading ``1701.11.05.''
(9) In order to conform the HTS to the Convention, additional U.S. note 
3(d) to subchapter XX of chapter 98 and additional U.S. note 4(d) to 
subchapter XXI of chapter 98 of the HTS are each modified by deleting 
``5402.10.30, 5402.10.60,'' each place it occurs and by inserting in 
lieu thereof ``5402.11.30, 5402.11.60, 5402.19.30, 5402.19.60,'' in each 
case.

[[Page 31]]

(10) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventeenth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD21AP08.011


[[Page 32]]






Proclamation 8241 of April 17, 2008

Small Business Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In communities across America, small business owners are working hard to 
turn their dreams into enterprises. Small Business Week is a time to 
celebrate the many achievements of small business owners, entrepreneurs, 
and employees, who contribute to the vitality and prosperity of our 
Nation and create new job opportunities for our citizens.
Small businesses are the backbone of the American economy, and my 
Administration is committed to fostering an environment in which the 
entrepreneurial spirit can thrive. By keeping taxes low, we leave more 
money in the hands of Americans to save, spend, and invest. This year, 
we have also temporarily expanded incentives to help small businesses 
invest in new equipment and expand their enterprises. We have also 
expanded market access and opened new markets for American goods and 
services abroad, helping our small businesses compete in the global 
economy. To make health care more affordable and accessible, we continue 
to support Association Health Plans so small businesses can band 
together to get the same discounts that big companies receive.
The underpinnings of our economy are strong, competitive, and resilient 
enough to overcome the challenges we face, and in the long run, 
Americans can be confident that our economy will continue to grow. 
During Small Business Week and throughout the year, we recognize the 
determination and ingenuity of America's workers and entrepreneurs who 
play a vital role in building a more prosperous future for our country.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 20 through April 26, 
2008, as Small Business Week. I call upon all Americans to observe this 
week with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs that 
celebrate the achievements of small business owners and their employees 
and encourage the development of new small businesses.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventeenth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

[[Page 33]]





Proclamation 8242 of April 21, 2008

National Day of Prayer, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America trusts in the abiding power of prayer and asks for the wisdom to 
discern God's will in times of joy and of trial. As we observe this 
National Day of Prayer, we recognize our dependence on the Almighty, we 
thank Him for the many blessings He has bestowed upon us, and we put our 
country's future in His hands.
From our Nation's humble beginnings, prayer has guided our leaders and 
played a vital role in the life and history of the United States. 
Americans of many different faiths share the profound conviction that 
God listens to the voice of His children and pours His grace upon those 
who seek Him in prayer. By surrendering our lives to our loving Father, 
we learn to serve His eternal purposes, and we are strengthened, 
refreshed, and ready for all that may come.
On this National Day of Prayer, we ask God's continued blessings on our 
country. This year's theme, ``Prayer! America's Strength and Shield,'' 
is taken from Psalm 28:7, ``The Lord is my strength and my shield; my 
heart trusts in him, and I am helped.'' On this day, we pray for the 
safety of our brave men and women in uniform, for their families, and 
for the comfort and recovery of those who have been wounded.
The Congress, by Public Law 100-307, as amended, has called on our 
Nation to reaffirm the role of prayer in our society by recognizing each 
year a ``National Day of Prayer.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 1, 2008, as a National Day of Prayer. I 
ask the citizens of our Nation to give thanks, each according to his or 
her own faith, for the freedoms and blessings we have received and for 
God's continued guidance, comfort, and protection. I invite all 
Americans to join in observing this day with appropriate programs, 
ceremonies, and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-first day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8243 of April 22, 2008

Older Americans Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During Older Americans Month, we recognize the many ways older citizens 
have enriched our Nation through their character, wisdom, and love.

[[Page 34]]

Our country remains strong because of the foundation our elders have 
helped lay. This year's Older Americans Month theme, ``Working Together 
for Strong, Healthy, and Supportive Communities,'' highlights the 
importance of building partnerships to ensure that older Americans are 
able to live with dignity and independence.
Every week thousands of older Americans give back to their communities 
by volunteering through groups like Senior Corps. From teaching young 
children how to read, to helping provide relief to those affected by 
natural disasters, seniors play an important and compassionate role in 
our Nation.
My Administration is dedicated to ensuring that our seniors are treated 
with the respect they have earned. They deserve to have choices and 
access to the best possible health care, so we have added new preventive 
care measures and prescription drug benefits as part of our effort to 
modernize Medicare and make medication more affordable. In this way and 
many others, our country honors our elders' legacy and recognizes their 
countless contributions to our Nation.
America's seniors provide an example for younger generations, and during 
Older Americans Month, we reflect on their efforts toward building a 
stronger and brighter future for all. Our country remains forever in 
their debt, as they have provided a guiding light for the rest of the 
Nation to follow.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2008 as Older 
Americans Month. I commend older Americans for the many contributions 
they have made and continue to make to our Nation. I also commend the 
Federal, State, local, and tribal organizations, service and health care 
providers, caregivers, and volunteers who dedicate their time and 
talents to our seniors. I encourage all citizens to honor their elders, 
care for those in need, and reaffirm our country's commitment to older 
Americans this month and throughout the year.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-second day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8244 of April 22, 2008

National Volunteer Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Through countless acts of kindness, volunteers across America are 
changing our Nation for the better. During National Volunteer Week, we 
recognize those who take the time to help their fellow citizens realize 
the full potential of America.

[[Page 35]]

Through volunteer work, Americans can demonstrate the kindness and 
generosity that make our Nation great. Mentoring a child, teaching 
someone to read, visiting the elderly, feeding the hungry, and finding 
shelter for the homeless are all examples of how Americans can and do 
aid those in need. Americans are volunteering in record numbers. Each 
year, millions of Americans volunteer, and more of our fellow citizens 
are discovering that the pursuit of happiness leads to the path of 
service. The cumulative effort of the love and compassion from our 
Nation's volunteers will help secure a more hopeful future for all our 
citizens.
My Administration remains committed to building a culture of service, 
citizenship, and responsibility. The USA Freedom Corps strengthens civic 
engagement and volunteer service in America and helps people connect 
with volunteer opportunities. By visiting the USA Freedom Corps website 
at volunteer.gov, individuals can find information about ways they can 
help in their local areas and across the country.
The strength of America comes from its compassionate and loving 
citizens. National Volunteer Week is an opportunity to show appreciation 
for our Nation's volunteers. The time and energy they dedicate to 
helping those in need reflect the true spirit of America.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 27 through May 3, 
2008, as National Volunteer Week. I call upon all Americans to recognize 
and celebrate the important work that volunteers do every day throughout 
our country. I also encourage citizens to explore ways to help their 
neighbors in need and serve a cause greater than self.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-second day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8245 of April 22, 2008

Loyalty Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Americans believe that every man, woman, and child has unalienable 
rights, dignity, and matchless value. Advancing these ideals was the 
honorable vision of our Founders and the mission that helped shape this 
great country. On Loyalty Day, we celebrate the legacy of freedom and 
the shared ideals that bind us together.
Our Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen demonstrate 
their love of country by stepping forward when America needs them most. 
By putting our country's security before their own, the men and women of 
the Armed Forces have strengthened our Nation and brought hope to 
millions around the world. All Americans are grateful to the members of 
the

[[Page 36]]

military and their families for their service, sacrifice, and 
dedication, and we are proud of their accomplishments.
Through their good works, our Nation's volunteers bear witness to their 
steadfast love for America, as exemplified in their commitment to 
service and good citizenship. Loyalty to this country brings with it a 
commitment to aid our family, friends, and fellow citizens all across 
this broad and welcoming land. These volunteers demonstrate their 
gratitude for the blessings of freedom by helping build a more hopeful 
future for our children and grandchildren. All Americans can put their 
loyalty into practice by learning more about the history of our country, 
flying the American flag, and contributing to our communities.
Two hundred and thirty-two years after the founding of our country, we 
remain committed to advancing freedom and renewing the values that 
sustain our liberty. Through the spirit and determination of our people, 
our Nation will prosper and our liberty will be secure.
The Congress, by Public Law 85-529, as amended, has designated May 1 of 
each year as ``Loyalty Day.'' This Loyalty Day, and throughout the year, 
I ask all Americans to join me in reaffirming our allegiance to our 
Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 1, 2008, as Loyalty Day. I call upon all 
people of the United States to join in support of this national 
observance and to display the flag of the United States on Loyalty Day 
as a symbol of pride in our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-second day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8246 of April 25, 2008

Malaria Awareness Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Malaria Awareness Day, our Nation recognizes all who suffer from this 
devastating disease, and we remember the lives lost to an illness that 
is entirely preventable and treatable. Today, we renew our commitment to 
lead the world toward the urgent goal and noble mission of turning the 
tide against malaria in Africa and around the world.
My Administration and our partners are working together to save lives in 
Africa through the President's Malaria Initiative. On a recent trip to 
Africa, First Lady Laura Bush and I personally saw this Initiative 
working and making incredible progress against malaria. By distributing 
insecticide-treated bed nets, expanding indoor insecticide spraying, 
providing cutting-edge drugs to those in need, and empowering African 
leaders to determine the best strategy for their country, we have 
brought an extraordinary

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achievement within reach: together, we can eradicate a disease that has 
claimed the lives of children for centuries. Millions of lives are being 
saved because of the kindness and generosity of the American people, and 
we will continue to work to ensure that our aggressive and comprehensive 
strategy achieves its goal.
America is a compassionate country that feeds the hungry and protects 
the vulnerable because we believe every human life has inherent dignity 
and matchless value. As the people of Africa continue their struggle 
against malaria, we offer our support and steadfast commitment. We call 
on all nations to join us in a great humanitarian effort.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 25, 2008, as Malaria 
Awareness Day. I encourage Americans to answer the universal call to 
love a neighbor and join in our goal of eliminating malaria on the 
African continent and elsewhere.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8247 of April 29, 2008

Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Americans who trace their ancestry to Asia and the Pacific Islands have 
contributed much to our Nation. During Asian/Pacific American Heritage 
Month, we highlight their importance to our great Nation.
Asian/Pacific Americans have made our country better with their talents 
and hard work. Their values and commitment to family and community have 
helped shape and strengthen America. These citizens speak many 
languages, honor countless traditions, and practice different faiths, 
but they are bound by a shared commitment to freedom and liberty. The 
diversity among Asian/Pacific Americans adds to the cultural fabric of 
our society.
Asian/Pacific Americans have enriched our culture, excelling in many 
fields, including education, business, science, technology, government, 
sports, and the arts. We especially honor those Asian/Pacific Americans 
who have answered the call to protect the cause of freedom by serving in 
our Armed Forces. These brave men and women set a powerful example for 
all Americans.
As we celebrate Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month, we are reminded 
of the richness of the Asian and Pacific cultures. Asian/Pacific 
Americans enhance the American experience and contribute to our 
country's legacy of diversity.

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To honor the achievements and contributions of Asian/Pacific Americans, 
the Congress, by Public Law 102-450, as amended, has designated the 
month of May each year as ``Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 2008 as Asian/Pacific American Heritage 
Month. I call upon the people of the United States to learn more about 
the history of Asian/Pacific Americans and their many contributions to 
our Nation and to observe this month with appropriate programs and 
activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8248 of April 29, 2008

Jewish American Heritage Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Jewish American Heritage Month is an opportunity to celebrate the 
history, culture, and faith of Jewish Americans and their contributions 
to our Nation.
The story of the Jewish people in America is the story of America 
itself. When the first Jewish settlers arrived on our shores hundreds of 
years ago, they saw a land of promise and liberty. With hard work and 
determination, these individuals helped build our country and strengthen 
our values. Their commitment to religious freedom and their belief in 
democracy have enriched our society and helped make our country a beacon 
of hope for all.
Many Jewish Americans have served in our military with valor and 
distinction in times of war and peace. We pay special tribute to all 
those who stepped forward when our country needed them most. These 
American heroes confronted grave dangers to protect our Nation.
During Jewish American Heritage Month and throughout the year, we honor 
Jewish Americans who played an integral role in shaping the cultural 
fabric of our Nation. Their spirit and talents have helped America 
succeed and prosper, and their efforts continue to remind us of the many 
blessings of this great country.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2008 as Jewish 
American Heritage Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this month 
with appropriate programs and activities to honor Jewish Americans 
across the country.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8249 of April 29, 2008

National Physical Fitness and Sports Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Health and fitness are personal responsibilities and important national 
goals for our citizens. During National Physical Fitness and Sports 
Month, we highlight the benefits of exercise and the value of 
participating in sports.
It is important for all Americans to participate in activities that help 
maintain a healthy lifestyle. Outdoor activities such as walking, 
running, swimming, and biking are good for the mind, body, and soul. 
Regular physical activity and healthy eating habits can help reduce 
stress and lower the risk for many chronic health conditions such as 
heart disease, diabetes, and depression.
My Administration is committed to encouraging all Americans to remain 
physically active. Through the President's Council on Physical Fitness 
and Sports, the National President's Challenge allows participants of 
all ages to set a fitness goal and keep track of their progress as they 
work to achieve it. To get more information, or to sign up to 
participate, people can visit presidentschallenge.org. By getting 
involved and exercising for 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week, Americans 
can improve their health and happiness and set a positive example for 
others.
During National Physical Fitness and Sports month and throughout the 
year, I encourage all Americans to make physical fitness a priority in 
their lives.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2008 as National 
Physical Fitness and Sports Month. I call upon my fellow citizens to 
recognize the importance of exercise and participate in athletic 
activities. I also encourage individuals, schools, and communities to 
celebrate this month with appropriate activities and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8250 of April 30, 2008

Law Day, U.S.A., 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The right of ordinary men and women to determine their own future, 
protected by the rule of law, lies at the heart of America's founding 
principles. As our country celebrates the 50th anniversary of Law Day, 
we renew our commitment to the ideals on which this great Nation was 
established and to a robust system of ordered liberty.
The American legal system is central to protecting the rights and 
freedoms our Nation holds dear. The theme of this year's Law Day, ``The 
Rule of Law: Foundation for Communities of Opportunity and Equity,'' 
recognizes the fundamental role that the rule of law plays in preserving 
liberty in our Nation and in all free societies. We pay tribute to the 
men and women in America's legal community. Through hard work and 
dedication to the rule of law, members of the judiciary and the legal 
profession help secure the rights of individuals, bring justice to our 
communities, and reinforce the proud traditions that make America a 
beacon of light for the world.
Nearly 800 years ago, the Magna Carta placed the authority of government 
under the rule of law; centuries later, the Declaration of Independence 
and the United States Constitution marked tremendous advances in the 
march of liberty. These documents established enduring principles that 
guide modern democracies. Today, we are reminded of that past and look 
toward a hopeful future as we work to secure the liberty that is the 
natural right of every man, woman, and child.
On Law Day, U.S.A., our Nation celebrates our belief in the equality of 
each person before God and renews our commitment to strive to bring 
America ever closer to its founding ideals.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, in accordance with Public Law 87-20, as amended, do hereby 
proclaim May 1, 2008, as Law Day, U.S.A. I call upon all the people of 
the United States to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and 
activities. I also call upon Government officials to display the flag of 
the United States in support of this national observance.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8251 of May 2, 2008

National Charter Schools Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Education is the cornerstone of a hopeful tomorrow. During National 
Charter Schools Week, we highlight the contributions of charter schools 
to ensuring that our Nation's future leaders have the skills and 
knowledge necessary for a lifetime of achievement.
Charter schools are educational alternatives that empower families with 
additional choices for their children. By providing flexibility to 
educators while insisting on results, charter schools are helping foster 
a culture of educational innovation, accountability, and excellence. 
Charter schools also encourage parental involvement and help contribute 
to the national effort to close the achievement gap.
The No Child Left Behind Act has played a central role in America's 
efforts to improve our public schools and expand the opportunities 
available to our children. In 2007, American students reached record 
achievement levels on reading and math tests, and the achievement gap is 
beginning to close. Charter schools have been an important part of this 
success. National Charter Schools Week is an opportunity to recognize 
the strength, vitality, and excellence of outstanding schools.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 4 through May 10, 
2008, as National Charter Schools Week. I applaud our Nation's charter 
schools and all those who make them a success, and I call on parents of 
charter school students to share their success stories and help 
Americans understand more about the important work of charter schools.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this second day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8252 of May 5, 2008

Military Spouse Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Military spouses embody the courage, nobility of duty, and love of 
country that inspire every American. On Military Spouse Day, we pay 
tribute to the husbands and wives who support their spouses in America's 
Armed Forces during times of war and peace.

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The legacy of military spouses began when colonial Americans were 
fighting for independence. Martha Washington boosted the morale of her 
husband's troops by visiting battlefields and tending to the wounded. 
Since then, members of our Armed Forces have served our Nation 
accompanied by the steadfast love and support of their spouses and 
families.
While our men and women in uniform are protecting our country's founding 
ideals of liberty, democracy, and justice, their spouses live with 
uncommon challenges, endure sleepless nights, and spend long periods 
raising children alone. Many military spouses are also committed 
volunteers, serving other military families and local communities. Our 
Nation benefits from the sacrifices of our military families, and we are 
inspired by their courage, strength, and leadership.
On Military Spouse Day and throughout the year, we honor the commitment 
spouses have made to freedom's cause. To learn about ways to support our 
troops and their spouses and families, I encourage all Americans to 
visit www.americasupportsyou.mil.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 9, 2008, as Military 
Spouse Day. I call upon the people of the United States to observe this 
day with appropriate ceremonies and activities and by expressing their 
gratitude to the husbands and wives of those serving in the United 
States Armed Forces.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8253 of May 8, 2008

Mother's Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Mother's Day, we honor the grace, wisdom, and strength of our 
mothers, and we celebrate the special bonds shared between mothers and 
their children.
Mothers work tirelessly to help their children build healthy and 
successful lives. Through their positive examples and countless acts of 
kindness, mothers teach the values of generosity and compassion and the 
importance of family and community. As President Ronald Reagan said, 
``From our mothers, we first learn about values and caring and the 
difference between right and wrong.'' By providing a nurturing 
environment where their children can grow in confidence and character, 
mothers lay the foundation for the next generation of Americans to 
realize their full potential.
Our Nation is grateful for the sacrifices mothers make every day and for 
the unconditional love they give their children. We are especially 
thankful

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for the mothers who support their sons and daughters serving in our 
Armed Forces and for the mothers who bring honor to the uniform of the 
United States by defending our freedom at home and abroad.
Every child blessed with a mother's love has been given one of life's 
great gifts. On this Mother's Day, we recognize the extraordinary 
contributions America's mothers make to their children, their families, 
and our country.
To honor mothers, the Congress, by a joint resolution approved May 8, 
1914, as amended (38 Stat. 770), has designated the second Sunday in May 
each year as ``Mother's Day'' and has requested the President to call 
for its appropriate observance. May God bless mothers across America on 
this special day and throughout the year.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 11, 2008, as Mother's Day. I encourage 
all Americans to show their gratitude and love to mothers for making a 
difference in the lives of their children, families, and communities. I 
call upon citizens to observe this day with appropriate programs, 
ceremonies, and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8254 of May 9, 2008

National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week, 
2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America's transportation system strengthens our national security and 
keeps our country moving. On National Defense Transportation Day and 
during National Transportation Week, we thank the men and women of the 
transportation industry for their efforts to ensure that our Nation's 
infrastructure operates effectively and efficiently.
Innovation, investment, and imagination have enabled new modes of 
transportation to revolutionize the world. Today, businesses can deliver 
goods and services faster than ever, first responders can quickly bring 
hope and healing to those in need, and people can visit loved ones 
across the country or around the globe. The Armed Forces utilize modern 
transportation to deploy troops, move supplies, and bring our heroes 
home from the front lines. We are grateful for the hard work of all 
transportation professionals.
My Administration supports the continued creation of safer, more secure, 
and more reliable roadways, bridges, airports, seaports, and mass 
transit systems. We are addressing the challenges facing our 
transportation system today, helping lay the groundwork for future 
demands, and giving State and local authorities the flexibility to solve 
transportation problems in their

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communities. By promoting research in advanced transportation 
technologies, my Administration is also working to help end our reliance 
on foreign sources of energy, improve our environment, and strengthen 
our economic and national security.
To recognize the men and women who work in the transportation industry 
and who contribute to our Nation's well-being and defense, the Congress, 
by joint resolution approved May 16, 1957, as amended (36 U.S.C. 120), 
has requested that the President designate the third Friday in May of 
each year as ``National Defense Transportation Day,'' and, by joint 
resolution approved May 14, 1962, as amended (36 U.S.C. 133), that the 
week during which that Friday falls be designated as ``National 
Transportation Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim Friday, May 16, 2008, as National Defense 
Transportation Day and May 11 through May 17, 2008, as National 
Transportation Week. I encourage all Americans to learn how our modern 
transportation system contributes to the security of our citizens and 
the prosperity of our country and to celebrate these observances with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8255 of May 9, 2008

Peace Officers' Memorial Day and Police Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Across our Nation, law enforcement officers carry the great 
responsibility of protecting their fellow citizens. On Peace Officers' 
Memorial Day and during Police Week, we honor these brave public 
servants who fight crime, violence, and terrorism, and we pay homage to 
the heroes who have fallen in the line of duty.
With valor and devotion, our country's law enforcement officers stand 
watch on the front lines and help make our communities safer and more 
secure. Fulfilling their duties with courage and commitment, they work 
tirelessly and put themselves in harm's way, exemplifying the good and 
decent character of America.
As we observe Peace Officers' Memorial Day and Police Week, we pause to 
pay tribute to those who serve in law enforcement. On this occasion, we 
especially remember those who have made the ultimate sacrifice, and we 
pray for the families and friends they have left behind. We thank all 
the extraordinary American men and women who have answered the call to 
serve in law enforcement for their commitment to justice and to their 
communities.

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By a joint resolution approved October 1, 1962, as amended (76 Stat. 
676), and by Public Law 103-322, as amended (36 U.S.C. 136-137), the 
President has been authorized and requested to designate May 15 of each 
year as ``Peace Officers' Memorial Day'' and the week in which it falls 
as ``Police Week,'' and to direct that the flag be flown at half staff 
on Peace Officers' Memorial Day.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 15, 2008, as Peace Officers' Memorial 
Day and May 11 through May 17, 2008, as Police Week. I call on all 
Americans to observe these events with appropriate ceremonies and 
activities. I also call on Governors of the United States and the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, officials of the other territories subject 
to the jurisdiction of the United States, as well as appropriate 
officials of all units of government, to direct that the flag be flown 
at half staff on Peace Officers' Memorial Day. I further encourage all 
Americans to display the flag at half staff from their homes and 
businesses on that day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8256 of May 15, 2008

National Safe Boating Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation's beautiful waterways provide opportunities for recreational 
activities for millions of Americans. During National Safe Boating Week, 
we raise awareness of the importance of practicing and promoting safe 
boating.
Recreational boating is one of America's most popular pastimes, and it 
is important for every boater to take proper safety precautions. The 
United States Coast Guard encourages citizens to take preventive 
measures such as wearing a life jacket, never boating under the 
influence of drugs or alcohol, and taking a boating safety course. Too 
often, accidents occur on boats where the operator had not received 
boating safety instruction. Receiving a vessel safety check once a year 
will also help ensure a safe boating experience. To learn important 
information about boating, visit uscgboating.org. During National Safe 
Boating Week and throughout the year, I urge all Americans to put safety 
first when enjoying our country's magnificent waters.
In recognition of the importance of safe boating practices, the 
Congress, by joint resolution approved June 4, 1958 (36 U.S.C. 131), as 
amended, has authorized and requested the President to proclaim annually 
the 7-day period prior to Memorial Day weekend as ``National Safe 
Boating Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 17 through May 23, 2008, as National 
Safe Boating Week. I encourage the Governors of the 50 States and the

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Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and officials of other areas subject to the 
jurisdiction of the United States, to join in observing this week. I 
also urge all Americans to learn more about safe boating practices and 
always act responsibly while on the water.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8257 of May 15, 2008

World Trade Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Free and fair trade helps secure a future of freedom and promise. During 
World Trade Week, we recognize the positive effects of opening markets 
around the world. Open markets play an integral role in America's 
economic progress, creating better-paying jobs, expanding consumer 
choices, and providing increased opportunities for American workers and 
employers. Free and fair trade also increases economic growth among our 
trading partners.
My Administration is committed to expanding economic freedom worldwide. 
We will continue to seek an ambitious outcome in the Doha Round that 
will reduce and eliminate tariffs and other barriers on goods and open 
new markets for services trade. The Doha Round provides a once-in-a-
generation opportunity to advance open markets, strengthen economic 
growth, and help millions rise out of poverty.
We also encourage the Congress to approve our pending trade agreements 
with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea. Our free trade agreement with 
Colombia is important, because it will support one of our closest allies 
in the Western Hemisphere currently under assault from a terrorist 
network. Congressional approval of this agreement would make clear 
America's unshakeable commitment to advancing the benefits of free 
markets and the interests of free people.
Today, nearly 250,000 U.S. firms export U.S. products. Ninety-seven 
percent of those exporters are small- or medium-sized businesses. The 
number of U.S. small business exporters has more than doubled since 
1992. Those businesses have surpassed a quarter of a trillion dollars in 
annual export sales.
Free and fair trade helps reinforce our Nation's commitments to 
democracy, transparency, and the rule of law. This week and throughout 
the year, we recognize the importance of trade in promoting prosperity 
and freedom in the United States and around the world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 18 through May 24,

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2008, as World Trade Week. I encourage all Americans to observe this 
week with events, trade shows, and educational programs that celebrate 
the benefits of trade to our Nation and the global economy.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8258 of May 20, 2008

A Day of Solidarity With the Cuban People, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom of worship are among 
the liberties that Americans cherish. Our Nation fully supports the 
brave people who work to secure these liberties in the countries where 
they are denied. And on this Day of Solidarity with the Cuban People, we 
focus our attention on the men and women working to secure freedom, 
democracy, and human rights for the citizens of Cuba.
For half a century, the Cuban people have suffered under oppressive 
dictatorship. Under the rule of Fidel and Raul Castro, Cubans have seen 
their political freedoms denied, their economy reduced to shambles, and 
their families torn apart. The Cuban people deserve better--and the 
American people stand with them as they work to achieve it.
The United States is rallying the free world to the cause of Cuban 
liberty. We continue to shine a bright light on the Castro regime's 
abuses--and America calls on the Government of Cuba to immediately and 
unconditionally release all prisoners of conscience.
We keep these prisoners, their families, and all Cubans in our prayers. 
Especially on this Day of Solidarity, we ask the Almighty to comfort and 
strengthen those who suffer under the Castro dictatorship--and to hasten 
the day when Cuba's suffering comes to an end.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 21, 2008, as A Day of 
Solidarity with the Cuban People to recognize those who are suffering in 
Cuba, especially Cuba's prisoners of conscience. I call upon the 
citizens of the United States to mark this observance with appropriate 
ceremonies and activities that demonstrate America's resolute support 
for those living under the Castro regime.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twentieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8259 of May 21, 2008

National Maritime Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On National Maritime Day, America honors our highly skilled mariners who 
sail the high seas, support those on the front lines of the war on 
terror, and promote commerce around the world.
Since 1775, the United States Merchant Marine has served our country, 
helping America become a great maritime power. During the Second World 
War, courageous mariners were among those who suffered greatly--hundreds 
of ships were lost to enemy action, and many mariners made the ultimate 
sacrifice. We pay tribute to these heroes who answered the call to serve 
when our Nation needed them most. Today, our merchant mariners continue 
to protect our homeland, including by supporting our troops in Iraq and 
Afghanistan.
In times of peace and war, these brave patriots help keep our Nation 
safe and strengthen our economy. By transporting American goods across 
the oceans, merchant mariners facilitate commerce and advance trade. 
These Americans honor the noble traditions of seafarers and enrich our 
country's maritime heritage.
In recognition of the importance of the U.S. Merchant Marine, the 
Congress, by joint resolution approved on May 20, 1933, as amended, has 
designated May 22 of each year as ``National Maritime Day,'' and has 
authorized and requested that the President issue an annual proclamation 
calling for its appropriate observance.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 22, 2008, as National Maritime Day. I 
call upon the people of the United States to mark this observance by 
honoring the service of merchant mariners and by displaying the flag of 
the United States at their homes and in their communities. I also 
request that all ships sailing under the American flag dress ship on 
that day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-first day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8260 of May 22, 2008

Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Memorial Day, we honor the heroes who have laid down their lives in 
the cause of freedom, resolve that they will forever be remembered by a

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grateful Nation, and pray that our country may always prove worthy of 
the sacrifices they have made.
Throughout our Nation's history, our course has been secured by brave 
Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen. These 
courageous and selfless warriors have stepped forward to protect the 
Nation they love, fight for America's highest ideals, and show millions 
that a future of liberty is possible. Freedoms come at great costs, yet 
the world has been transformed in unimaginable ways because of the noble 
service and devotion to duty of these brave individuals. Our country 
honors the sacrifice made by those who have given their lives to spread 
the blessings of liberty and lay the foundations of peace, and we mourn 
their loss.
Today, our service men and women continue to inspire and strengthen our 
Nation, going above and beyond the call of duty as part of the greatest 
military the world has ever known. Americans are grateful to all those 
who have put on our Nation's uniform and to their families, and we will 
always remember their service and sacrifice for our freedoms.
On this solemn day our country unites to pay tribute to the fallen, who 
demonstrated the strength of their convictions and paid the cost of 
freedom. We pray for the members of our Armed Forces and their families, 
and we ask for God's continued guidance of our country.
In respect for their devotion to America, the Congress, by a joint 
resolution approved on May 11, 1950, as amended (64 Stat. 158), has 
requested the President to issue a proclamation calling on the people of 
the United States to observe each Memorial Day as a day of prayer for 
permanent peace and designating a period on that day when the people of 
the United States might unite in prayer. The Congress, by Public Law 
106-579, has also designated the minute beginning at 3:00 p.m. local 
time on that day as a time for all Americans to observe the National 
Moment of Remembrance.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim Memorial Day, May 26, 2008, as a day of 
prayer for permanent peace, and I designate the hour beginning in each 
locality at 11:00 a.m. of that day as a time to unite in prayer. I also 
ask all Americans to observe the National Moment of Remembrance 
beginning at 3:00 p.m., local time, on Memorial Day. I encourage the 
media to participate in these observances. I also request the Governors 
of the United States and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the 
appropriate officials of all units of government, to direct that the 
flag be flown at half staff until noon on this Memorial Day on all 
buildings, grounds, and naval vessels throughout the United States, and 
in all areas under its jurisdiction and control. I also request the 
people of the United States to display the flag at half staff from their 
homes for the customary forenoon period.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-second day 
of May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8261 of May 23, 2008

National Hurricane Preparedness Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

National Hurricane Preparedness Week highlights the vital importance of 
being prepared when natural disasters strike.
Tropical storms can cause destruction over entire regions and claim the 
lives of many of our citizens. We can help reduce vulnerability in our 
communities by encouraging all citizens to be prepared and to work 
together. Maintaining emergency supply kits and family communication 
plans, and knowing what to do in an emergency can help save lives. For 
more information on hurricane preparedness, Americans can visit 
ready.gov and fema.gov to find checklists and other valuable resources 
to help them get prepared.
My Administration continues to support efforts to strengthen how 
Americans prepare for and respond to disasters. The National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration works to predict and track storms so that 
citizens are more aware of potential storms. The Department of Homeland 
Security's Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has improved 
communication between Federal, State, local government, and the private 
sector in order to help citizens stay informed and receive the help they 
need. By working together, we can better prepare for, respond to, and 
recover from hurricanes and reduce the harm to our citizens and our 
communities.
As hurricane season approaches, we also express our gratitude to the 
volunteers and first responders who help their fellow citizens in their 
time of need.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 25 through May 31, 
2008, as National Hurricane Preparedness Week. I call upon government 
agencies, private organizations, schools, and the media to share 
information about hurricane preparedness. I also urge all Americans 
living in vulnerable coastal areas to take appropriate measures and 
precautions to protect themselves, their homes, and their communities 
against the effects of hurricanes.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8262 of May 29, 2008

Caribbean-American Heritage Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Caribbean-American Heritage Month is an opportunity to show our 
appreciation for the many ways Caribbean Americans have contributed to 
our country.
Caribbean Americans have helped to shape our national fabric with their 
vibrant traditions and their unique history. They have brightened our 
lives with the spirit and vitality of their culture. Through strong 
leadership and pride in their heritage, they have enriched America. In 
all walks of life, they have contributed their many talents and added to 
our Nation's development and prosperity.
We especially show our gratitude for the men and women of Caribbean 
descent who have served bravely in our Armed Forces and those still 
serving today. These heroes have answered a call greater than self, and 
we keep them in our thoughts and prayers.
During June, we celebrate and recognize the Caribbean Americans whose 
determination and hard work have helped make our country a better place.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2008 as Caribbean-
American Heritage Month. I encourage all Americans to learn more about 
the history and culture of Caribbean Americans and their contributions 
to our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8263 of May 29, 2008

National Homeownership Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For many Americans, owning a home represents freedom, independence, and 
the American dream. During National Homeownership Month, we highlight 
the benefits of owning a home and encourage our fellow citizens to be 
responsible homeowners.

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My Administration is committed to helping Americans achieve their dreams 
of homeownership. We have worked to ensure that the mortgage industry is 
more transparent, reliable, and fair, and in order to sustain 
homeownership, we have launched initiatives to help responsible 
homeowners keep their homes. The FHASecure program has given the Federal 
Housing Administration more flexibility in refinancing mortgages for 
homeowners who have good credit histories but cannot afford their 
current payments. In addition, the HOPE NOW Alliance connects struggling 
homeowners with lenders, loan servicers, and mortgage counselors to help 
families stay in their homes. Homeowners deserve our help, and these 
initiatives assist those in need.
During National Homeownership Month and throughout the year, I encourage 
all Americans to take advantage of financial education opportunities to 
explore homeownership. My Advisory Council on Financial Literacy is 
finding ways to help educate people from all walks of life about matters 
pertaining to their finances and their futures. By practicing fiscal 
responsibility, Americans can contribute to the strength of our 
neighborhoods and our country.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2008 as National 
Homeownership Month. I call upon the people of the United States to join 
me in recognizing the importance of homeownership and building a more 
prosperous future for themselves and their communities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8264 of May 30, 2008

Black Music Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America's diverse musical heritage exemplifies the creativity and 
optimism of our Nation. During Black Music Month, we celebrate the 
extraordinary talents and creativity of African-American singers, 
musicians, and composers whose achievements have enriched our culture 
and enhanced our lives.
For generations, African-American artists have created music that 
communicates across racial boundaries and expresses both joy and sorrow. 
When facing the cruelty of slavery and injustice, African Americans 
lifted spirituals to the heavens, bringing comfort to troubled souls. 
These timeless declarations of hope and faith evolved into the more 
modern genres of gospel, blues, ragtime, and jazz, and they are given 
voice in the musical genius

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of Scott Joplin, Marian Anderson, Eubie Blake, and Mahalia Jackson. 
During the Civil Rights era, African-American musicians such as Duke 
Ellington, Muddy Waters, and Ruth Brown conveyed the struggles of their 
communities while bringing people of all backgrounds together. Today, 
this music continues to inspire America's citizens and advance its 
creative spirit.
Throughout the course of American history, black musicians have used 
their great talents to share the richness of the African-American 
experience and to develop a uniquely American style of music enjoyed 
throughout the world. This month, we honor the pioneers of African-
American music and today's contemporary artists who have enriched the 
lives of people everywhere.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2008 as Black Music 
Month. I encourage all Americans to learn more about the history of 
black music and to enjoy the great contributions of African-American 
singers, musicians, and composers.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8265 of May 30, 2008

Great Outdoors Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

From the Appalachian Mountains to the Grand Canyon, America is blessed 
with places of natural beauty where our citizens can discover the full 
splendor of this great Nation. During Great Outdoors Month, our Nation 
celebrates the grandeur of our open spaces, strengthens our commitment 
to preserving this heritage, and reaffirms our dedication to protecting 
our air, water, and lands.
My Administration remains dedicated to wise stewardship of the 
environment, and we will continue to protect our Nation's natural 
wonders. This past year, we have made great strides in helping wildlife 
thrive and in restoring habitat for migratory birds through cooperative 
conservation. Working with State and tribal officials, we are preserving 
important wildlife habitats and expanding the National Wildlife Refuge 
system. Citizens can visit takepride.gov to learn more about 
opportunities to care for our environment.
Great Outdoors Month is an opportunity to honor those who work to keep 
our natural places beautiful and to celebrate some of our country's 
favorite outdoor pastimes. These activities encourage a healthy 
lifestyle and give Americans pride in the great American landscape. As 
responsible stewards

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of our natural resources, we can help ensure that the great outdoors 
will be available for enjoyment by generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2008 as Great 
Outdoors Month. I call on all Americans to observe this month with 
appropriate programs and activities, and to take time to visit and enjoy 
the great outdoors.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8266 of May 30, 2008

Italian Independence Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Italian Independence Day, we recognize our friendship with the nation 
of Italy, and we celebrate the generations of Italian Americans who have 
made significant contributions to our national character.
June 2, 1946, marks the birth of the Italian Republic, the long-awaited 
triumph of liberty and democracy in an ancient land. Today, Italy is a 
friend of the United States and an ally of freedom and peace. Italians 
and Americans join together on Italian Independence Day to commemorate 
Italy's independence and celebrate its rich history.
The people of our two countries share special ties rooted in history, 
friendship, and family. Millions of American citizens have Italian 
ancestry, and they and their forebears have helped shape our way of 
life. Americans are grateful for the many contributions Italians and 
Italian Americans have made to our history and our culture, and we are 
proud that our nations are allies in the cause of peace and security 
around the world.
In celebrating Italian Independence Day, we commemorate the freedoms our 
countries hold dear, and we honor the generations of Italian Americans 
who came to our shores seeking opportunity. They have helped to shape 
our great Nation and influenced American life for the better.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2, 2008, as Italian 
Independence Day. I call upon all Americans to observe this day by 
celebrating the contributions of Italians and Italian Americans to our 
Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8267 of May 30, 2008

National Child's Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America has a duty to provide its children with the support and skills 
they need to become the next generation of responsible leaders. On 
National Child's Day, we underscore the importance of fostering the 
love, encouragement, and protection that empowers our children to become 
happy and successful adults.
Children are a precious gift who need the love and support of family and 
friends to lead lives rich in promise and fulfillment. Parents are the 
most vital part of a child's life, providing them with the guidance and 
discipline to make the right choices and understand the consequences of 
their actions. Family, teachers, and others inspire our youth to use 
their talents and to become confident and caring adults. Religious and 
community leaders also have a role in teaching values and encouraging 
children to love their neighbors just as they would like to be loved 
themselves. Together, we can all help our children be prepared to meet 
life's challenges and realize the great promise of our country.
My Administration continues to support programs that help prepare 
America's youth for the opportunities ahead. The No Child Left Behind 
Act requires that every child have access to a quality education. We 
have made significant progress toward that goal across the country, with 
students achieving record math and reading scores. The America COMPETES 
Act, which was built upon my American Competitiveness Initiative, helped 
strengthen our goal of staying competitive within the global economy. 
The Helping America's Youth initiative, led by First Lady Laura Bush, 
encourages adults to work to help our young people reach their full 
potential.
On National Child's Day and throughout the year, we honor the boys and 
girls of America and show our gratitude to those who work to support 
them. This day is a reminder to us all that our commitment to children 
helps make our country a better place.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 1, 2008, as National 
Child's Day. I call upon all our citizens to celebrate National Child's 
Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities. I also urge all 
Americans to dedicate time and energy to educating our youth and 
providing them with a safe and caring environment.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8268 of June 2, 2008

National Oceans Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Oceans have provided an important part of our heritage, economy, and 
recreation, and they are a vital resource for our country and the world. 
During National Oceans Month, we reaffirm our commitment to protect and 
wisely use these precious waters and the habitat beneath them.
We have a solemn responsibility to care for our seas and show concern 
for the plant and animal life that inhabit them. Oceans bring enjoyment 
and prosperity to countless people, from boating and fishing, to 
transporting goods, to traveling the waterways. By being good stewards 
of the oceans, we can ensure that future generations are able to enjoy 
the great blessings of our natural heritage.
My Administration is committed to safeguarding the oceans and ensuring 
effective conservation. Since the release of my Ocean Action Plan in 
2004, we have taken steps to prevent pollution and improve the health of 
marine wildlife by working with State, tribal, and local governments, as 
well as private sector and international partners. We are working to end 
overfishing in U.S. waters and to stop destructive fishing practices on 
the high seas. We are also supporting ocean programs to educate the 
public on the need to prevent marine debris and improve the quality of 
the marine environment, as well as other projects such as the 
International Coral Reef Initiative that can help conserve and restore 
delicate and essential ecosystems. By working to protect our oceans, we 
ensure that natural wonders like the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National 
Monument in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands will be enjoyed for 
generations to come.
This month is an opportunity to show our gratitude toward all those who 
work to protect the oceans, to learn more about the vital role oceans 
play in the life of our country, and to discover ways we can conserve 
their many natural treasures.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2008 as National 
Oceans Month. I encourage all our citizens to observe this month with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this second day of June, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8269 of June 6, 2008

Flag Day and National Flag Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The American flag has been our national symbol for 231 years, and it 
remains a beacon of freedom wherever it is flown. Since the Second 
Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as our flag in 1777, 
it has stood for freedom, justice, and the resolve of our Nation.
When Francis Scott Key saw the American flag flying over Fort McHenry in 
1814, he believed that liberty would triumph. The flag that inspired Key 
to write our National Anthem still energizes and emboldens the American 
spirit today. As our Nation faces the challenges of a new era, Old Glory 
reminds us that liberty can prevail over oppression.
Since the first days of our Republic, Americans have flown the flag to 
show their pride and appreciation for the freedoms they enjoy in this 
great Nation. Every day, Americans pledge their allegiance to the flag 
of the United States, and our troops carry it before them as they defend 
the liberties for which it stands.
On Flag Day and during National Flag Week, we remember those in uniform 
whose courage and sacrifice inspire us here at home. We also remember 
the rich history of one of our oldest national symbols and reflect on 
our duty to carry our heritage of freedom into the future.
To commemorate the adoption of our flag, the Congress, by joint 
resolution approved August 3, 1949, as amended (63 Stat. 492), 
designated June 14 of each year as ``Flag Day'' and requested that the 
President issue an annual proclamation calling for its observance and 
for the display of the flag of the United States on all Federal 
Government buildings. The Congress also requested, by joint resolution 
approved June 9, 1966, as amended (80 Stat. 194), that the President 
issue annually a proclamation designating the week in which June 14 
occurs as ``National Flag Week'' and calling upon all citizens of the 
United States to display the flag during that week.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim June 14, 2008, as Flag Day and the week 
beginning June 8, 2008, as National Flag Week. I direct the appropriate 
officials to display the flag on all Federal Government buildings during 
that week, and I urge all Americans to observe Flag Day and National 
Flag Week by flying the Stars and Stripes from their homes and other 
appropriate places. I also call upon the people of the United States to 
observe with pride and all due ceremony those days from Flag Day through 
Independence Day, also set aside by the Congress (89 Stat. 211), as a 
time to honor America, to celebrate our heritage in public gatherings 
and activities, and to publicly recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the 
Flag of the United States of America.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixth day of June, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8270 of June 12, 2008

Father's Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Father's Day, we honor our Nation's fathers for the unconditional 
love they give to their children and for their selfless dedication to 
the well-being of their families.
Fathers play a unique and irreplaceable part in the lives of their 
children and pass along values that help children grow into responsible 
adults. By providing their sons and daughters with a positive example, 
fathers help give their children the necessary foundation they need to 
make wise decisions throughout their lives. Fathers strive to inspire 
their children to lead lives of integrity, honor, and purpose, and they 
pray for wisdom and the strength to give their children the love and 
support they need to achieve their dreams.
All Americans are thankful for the extraordinary efforts of our Nation's 
fathers, stepfathers, grandfathers, and guardians. Their devotion and 
encouragement as mentors, providers, and role models help strengthen 
their families and our country. We are especially grateful for the 
fathers who serve in our Nation's Armed Forces. These dedicated fathers 
protect liberty so that all children can have a more promising future. 
We pray for the safe return of all those serving overseas, and we thank 
the fathers who support sons and daughters who are defending our freedom 
around the globe.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, in accordance with a joint resolution of the Congress approved 
April 24, 1972, as amended (36 U.S.C. 109), do hereby proclaim June 15, 
2008, as Father's Day. I encourage all Americans to express their 
appreciation to all fathers for their many contributions to our Nation's 
children. I direct the appropriate officials of the Government to 
display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on 
this day. I also call upon State and local governments and citizens to 
observe this day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8271 of June 26, 2008

Termination of the Exercise of Authorities Under the Trading With the 
Enemy Act With Respect to North Korea

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, by the 
authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United 
States, including section 101(b) of Public Law 95-223 (91 Stat. 1625; 50 
U.S.C. App. 5(b) note), hereby find that the continuation of the 
exercise of authorities under the Trading With the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. 
App. 1 et seq.) (TWEA) with respect to North Korea, as authorized in 
Proclamation 2914 of December 16, 1950, most recently continued under 
Presidential Determination 2007-32 of September 13, 2007 (72 FR 53407), 
and implemented by the regulations set forth below, is no longer in the 
national interest of the United States.
Section 1. The exercise of TWEA authorities with respect to North Korea, 
which were implemented by the Foreign Assets Control Regulations, 31 
C.F.R. part 500, and the Transaction Control Regulations, 31 C.F.R. part 
505, and that were continued by Presidential Determination 2007-32 of 
September 13, 2007, is terminated, and Presidential Determination 2007-
32 is rescinded with respect to North Korea.
Sec. 2. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to take 
all appropriate measures within the Secretary's authority to give effect 
to this proclamation.
Sec. 3. This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right, benefit, or privilege, substantive or procedural, enforceable at 
law or in equity, by any party against the United States, its 
departments, agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or 
employees, or any other person.
Sec. 4. This proclamation is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight 
time on June 27, 2008.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8272 of June 30, 2008

To Modify Duty-Free Treatment Under the Generalized System of 
Preferences, Take Certain Actions Under the African Growth and 
Opportunity Act, and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

 1. Pursuant to section 503(c)(2)(A) of the Trade Act of 1974, as 
amended (the ``1974 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(A)), beneficiary 
developing countries, except those designated as least-developed 
beneficiary developing countries or beneficiary sub-Saharan African 
countries as provided in section 503(c)(2)(D) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 
2463(c)(2)(D)), are subject to competitive need limitations on the 
preferential treatment afforded under the Generalized System of 
Preferences (GSP) to eligible articles.
 2. Pursuant to sections 501 and 503(a)(1)(A) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 
2461 and 2463(a)(1)(A)), the President may designate articles as 
eligible for preferential tariff treatment under the GSP.
 3. Section 503(c)(2)(F)(i) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(F)(i)) 
provides that the President may disregard the competitive need 
limitation provided in section 503(c)(2)(A) (i)(II) of the 1974 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(A)(i)(II)) with respect to any eligible article from 
any beneficiary developing country if the aggregate appraised value of 
the imports of such article into the United States during the preceding 
calendar year does not exceed an amount set forth in section 
503(c)(2)(F)(ii) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(F)(ii)).
 4. Pursuant to section 503(d)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 
2463(d)(1)), the President may waive the application of the competitive 
need limitations in section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act with respect to 
any eligible article from any beneficiary developing country if certain 
conditions are met.
 5. Pursuant to section 503(d)(5) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 
2463(d)(5)), any waiver granted under section 503(d) shall remain in 
effect until the President determines that such waiver is no longer 
warranted due to changed circumstances.
 6. Section 502(e) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2462(e)) provides that the 
President shall terminate the designation of a country as a beneficiary 
developing country for purposes of the GSP if the President determines 
that such country has become a ``high income'' country as defined by the 
official statistics of the International Bank for Reconstruction and 
Development. Termination is effective on January 1 of the second year 
following the year in which such determination is made.
 7. Pursuant to section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act, I have determined 
that in 2007 certain beneficiary developing countries have exported 
certain eligible articles in quantities exceeding the applicable 
competitive need limitations, and I therefore terminate the duty-free 
treatment for such articles from such beneficiary developing countries.

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 8. Pursuant to section 503(c)(2)(F) of the 1974 Act, I have determined 
that the competitive need limitation provided in section 
503(c)(2)(A)(i)(II) of the 1974 Act should be disregarded with respect 
to certain eligible articles from certain beneficiary developing 
countries.
 9. Pursuant to section 503(d)(1) of the 1974 Act, I have received the 
advice of the United States International Trade Commission on whether 
any industries in the United States are likely to be adversely affected 
by such waivers, and I have determined, based on that advice and on the 
considerations described in sections 501 and 502(c) of the 1974 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2462(c)), and after giving great weight to the considerations in 
section 503(d)(2) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)(2)), that such 
waivers are in the national economic interest of the United States. 
Accordingly, I have determined that the competitive need limitations of 
section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act should be waived with respect to 
certain eligible articles from certain beneficiary developing countries.
 10. Pursuant to section 503(d)(5) of the 1974 Act, I have determined 
that certain previously granted waivers of the competitive need 
limitations of section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act are no longer 
warranted due to changed circumstances.
 11. Pursuant to section 502(e) of the 1974 Act, I have determined that 
Trinidad and Tobago has become a ``high income'' country, and I am 
terminating the designation of that country as a beneficiary developing 
country for purposes of the GSP, effective January 1, 2010.
 12. Section 502(a)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2462(a)(1)) authorizes 
the President to designate countries as beneficiary developing countries 
for purposes of the GSP. In Proclamation 7912 of June 29, 2005, I 
designated Serbia and Montenegro as a beneficiary developing country for 
purposes of the GSP. On June 3, 2006, upon Montenegro's declaration of 
independence from Serbia and Montenegro, the country separated into two 
independent republics: the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of 
Montenegro. Pursuant to section 502 of the 1974 Act, and taking into 
account the factors set forth in section 502(c) of that Act, I have 
determined that, in light of the separation of Serbia and Montenegro 
into two countries, the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of 
Montenegro should each be designated as a beneficiary developing country 
for purposes of the GSP.
 13. Section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(1)), as 
added by section 111(a) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (title 
I of Public Law 106-200, 114 Stat. 254) (AGOA), authorizes the President 
to designate a country listed in section 107 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 
3706) as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country if the President 
determines that the country meets the eligibility requirements set forth 
in section 104 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3703) and the eligibility criteria 
set forth in section 502 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2462).
 14. Section 104 of the AGOA authorizes the President to designate a 
country listed in section 107 of the AGOA as an eligible sub-Saharan 
African country if the President determines that the country meets 
certain eligibility requirements.
 15. Section 112(c) of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3721(c)), as added by section 
6002(a) of the Africa Investment Incentive Act of 2006 (division D of 
title

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VI of Public Law 109-432, 120 Stat. 2922), provides special rules for 
certain apparel articles imported from lesser developed beneficiary sub-
Saharan African countries.
 16. Pursuant to section 104 of the AGOA and section 506A(a)(1) of the 
1974 Act, I have determined that the Union of the Comoros (Comoros) 
meets the eligibility requirements set forth or referenced therein, and 
I have decided to designate Comoros as an eligible sub-Saharan African 
country and beneficiary sub-Saharan African country.
 17. I have further determined that Comoros satisfies the criterion for 
treatment as a lesser developed beneficiary sub- Saharan African country 
under section 112(c)(5)(D)(i) of the AGOA.
 18. On August 5, 2004, the United States entered into the Dominican 
Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (the 
``Agreement'') with Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, 
Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. The Congress approved the Agreement 
in section 101(a) of the Dominican Republic-Central America-United 
States Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``CAFTA-DR Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 4011).
 19. Pursuant to section 403(a) of the CAFTA-DR Act (19 U.S.C. 4111(a)), 
the President is to report biennially to the Congress on the matters 
described in that section and, as the President deems appropriate, in 
section 403(b)(2) of the CAFTA-DR Act (19 U.S.C. 4111(b)(2)).
 20. Pursuant to section 403(a)(4) of the CAFTA-DR Act (19 U.S.C. 
4111(a)(4)), the President is to establish a mechanism to solicit public 
comments on the matters described in section 403(a)(3)(D) of the CAFTA-
DR Act (19 U.S.C. 4111(a)(3)(D)).
 21. In Presidential Proclamation 8213 of December 20, 2007, I modified 
the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) pursuant to 
section 1634 of the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-280, 
120 Stat. 780) to carry out the understandings described in that 
section. Technical rectifications to the HTS are required to provide the 
intended tariff treatment.
 22. In Presidential Proclamation 8240 of April 17, 2008, pursuant to 
section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act, I modified the HTS to withdraw 
duty-free treatment for certain articles from Jamaica. A technical 
rectification to the HTS is required to provide the intended tariff 
treatment.
 23. Section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2483) authorizes the 
President to embody in the HTS the substance of the relevant provisions 
of that Act, and of other Acts affecting import treatment, and actions 
thereunder, including the removal, modification, continuance, or 
imposition of any rate of duty or other import restriction.
 NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, including but not limited to title V and 
section 604 of the 1974 Act, section 104 of the AGOA, section 301 of 
title 3, United States Code (3 U.S.C. 301), and section 403 of the 
CAFTA-DR Act, do proclaim that:
 (1) In order to provide that one or more countries should no longer be 
treated as beneficiary developing countries with respect to one or more 
eligible

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articles for purposes of the GSP, general note 4(d) to the HTS is 
modified as set forth in section A of Annex I to this proclamation.
 (2) In order to provide that one or more countries should not be 
treated as beneficiary developing countries with respect to certain 
eligible articles for purposes of the GSP, the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for such HTS subheadings is modified as set forth in section B 
of Annex I to this proclamation.
 (3) In order to designate certain articles as eligible articles for 
purposes of the GSP, the Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn for such HTS 
subheadings is modified as set forth in section C of Annex I to this 
proclamation.
 (4) The competitive need limitation provided in section 
503(c)(2)(A)(i)(II) of the 1974 Act is disregarded with respect to the 
eligible articles in the HTS subheadings and to the beneficiary 
developing countries listed in Annex II to this proclamation.
 (5) A waiver of the application of section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act 
shall apply to the eligible articles in the HTS subheadings and to the 
beneficiary developing countries set forth in Annex III to this 
proclamation.
 (6) The waivers of the application of section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 
Act to the articles in the HTS subheadings and to the beneficiary 
developing countries listed in Annex IV to this proclamation are 
revoked.
 (7) The designation of Trinidad and Tobago as a beneficiary developing 
country for purposes of the GSP is terminated, effective on January 1, 
2010.
 (8) In order to reflect this termination in the HTS, general note 4(a) 
to the HTS is modified by deleting ``Trinidad and Tobago'' from the list 
of independent countries, effective with respect to articles entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after January 1, 2010.
 (9) The Republic of Serbia is designated as a beneficiary developing 
country for purposes of the GSP.
 (10) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 4(a) 
is modified by deleting ``Serbia and Montenegro'' and adding in 
alphabetical order ``Serbia'' to the list of independent countries, 
effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse 
for consumption, on or after the thirtieth day after the date of this 
proclamation.
 (11) The Republic of Montenegro is designated as a beneficiary 
developing country for purposes of the GSP.
 (12) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 4(a) 
is modified by adding in alphabetical order ``Montenegro'' to the list 
of independent countries, effective with respect to articles entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the thirtieth day 
after the date of this proclamation.
 (13) Comoros is designated as an eligible sub-Saharan African country 
and as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of the 
AGOA.
 (14) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 
16(a) to the HTS is modified by inserting in alphabetical sequence in 
the list of beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries ``Union of the 
Comoros,'' effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from 
warehouse for consumption, on or after July 1, 2008.

[[Page 64]]

 (15) For purposes of section 112(c) of the AGOA, Comoros is a lesser 
developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African country.
 (16) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annexes I and IV to this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to articles entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the dates set 
forth in the respective annex.
 (17) The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with the United States 
Trade Representative, shall carry out the reporting function under 
sections 403(a) and 403(b)(2) of the CAFTA-DR Act.
 (18) The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with the United States 
Trade Representative, shall solicit public comments under section 
403(a)(4) of the CAFTA-DR Act.
 (19) In order to provide the intended tariff treatment to certain 
articles of Jamaica, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex V to this 
proclamation.
 (20) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex V to this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to articles entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the date set forth 
in Annex V.
 (21) In order to provide the intended tariff treatment to goods subject 
to the understandings carried out in Proclamation 8213, the HTS is 
modified as set forth in Annex VI to this proclamation.
 (22) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex VI to this 
proclamation shall enter into effect on the date that the modifications 
to the HTS set out in section C or D of the Annex to Proclamation 8213, 
as appropriate, enter into force, and shall be effective with respect to 
goods entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 
that date.
 (23) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
June in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the Independence 
of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-second.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8273 of July 14, 2008

FBI Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For 100 years, the committed men and women of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation have worked diligently to deliver justice and keep 
Americans safe. On FBI Day, we recognize the Bureau's many 
accomplishments and pay tribute to all who have served in its ranks with 
valor and dedication.
The FBI traces its origins to 1908, when under the leadership of 
President Theodore Roosevelt and Attorney General Charles Bonaparte, a 
force of Special Agents was created, later to be called the Bureau of 
Investigation. As a Federal agency with the power to investigate crimes 
across State lines and enforce Federal law, the FBI has protected our 
country against threats from abroad and caught dangerous criminals like 
``Baby Face'' Nelson, John Dillinger, Ted Kaczynski, and Ramzi Yousef. 
Today, the FBI is charged with guarding our Nation from terrorist 
attacks, combating public corruption and organized crime, resisting 
cyber attacks, and opposing other high-technology crimes. The FBI also 
has a deep commitment to civil rights, helping protect the values we 
cherish.
With an abiding respect for the Constitution, the men and women of the 
FBI bring strength, impartiality, and devotion to their pursuit of 
justice. They continue to uphold their motto of ``Fidelity, Bravery, 
Integrity.'' On FBI Day, we especially remember the fallen agents who 
paid the ultimate price in serving our country and keeping our Nation 
safe.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim July 26, 2008, as FBI Day. 
I call upon all Americans to recognize the 100th anniversary of the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8274 of July 18, 2008

Captive Nations Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Freedom is the longing of every soul and the birthright of all mankind. 
During Captive Nations Week, we underscore our commitment to advancing 
democracy, defending liberty, and protecting human rights around the 
world.

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It is in our Nation's interest to help those who are suffering under 
oppressive regimes defeat the ideologues of hate with an ideology of 
hope. Advancing the cause of liberty advances the cause of peace. A free 
society upholds justice and defends human dignity. Over the years, many 
have underestimated the power of freedom to overcome tyranny, but 
history has shown us that freedom will prevail.
In the 20th century, the evils of Soviet communism and Nazi fascism were 
defeated and freedom spread around the world as new democracies emerged. 
Today, our Nation faces new struggles with adversaries who murder the 
innocent and seek to subject millions to their violent, totalitarian 
rule. Still, we remain confident that the light of liberty will again 
overcome this darkness.
To bring that day about, we must support young democracies in places 
like Afghanistan and Iraq. In countries like Belarus, Burma, Cuba, Iran, 
North Korea, Sudan, Syria, and Zimbabwe, people continue to live under 
oppressive regimes, and we will work for the day when all these nations 
are free. By opposing these despots and helping young democracies grow, 
we will lay the foundation of peace and prosperity for generations to 
come. Throughout Captive Nations Week, we renew our pledge that as 
people across the world find their own paths to freedom, they will also 
find a friend in the United States of America.
The Congress, by Joint Resolution approved July 17, 1959 (73 Stat. 212), 
has authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation 
designating the third week in July of each year as ``Captive Nations 
Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim July 20 through July 26, 
2008, as Captive Nations Week. I call upon the people of the United 
States to reaffirm our commitment to all those seeking liberty, justice, 
and self-determination.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8275 of July 23, 2008

60th Anniversary of the Integration of the United States Armed Forces

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The United States is founded upon the belief that every person has 
unalienable rights and matchless value. Throughout our Nation's history, 
brave patriots have made great sacrifices to protect this ideal and to 
advance the cause of freedom around the world. On the 60th anniversary 
of the integration of the United States Armed Forces, we pay tribute to 
all our

[[Page 70]]

service members and veterans, and we underscore our Nation's commitment 
to equality.
On July 26, 1948, President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981, 
declaring ``that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity 
for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, 
religion or national origin.'' Today, members of our Armed Forces come 
from many different backgrounds and cultures and are answering the call 
to service with bravery, decency, and resolve.
Our Nation has long drawn strength from the diversity of its citizens. 
Groups such as the Buffalo Soldiers, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, 
the Tuskegee Airmen, and the ``Borinqueneers'' risked their lives while 
proudly wearing the uniform of the United States. By performing their 
missions with integrity and honor, they highlighted the power of 
liberty, helped open the door of opportunity, and earned the respect and 
admiration of a grateful Nation.
On this anniversary, we celebrate the legacy of those who refused to 
allow adversity to diminish their spirit or extinguish their drive to 
help America live up to its promise of equality for all people. We also 
commemorate our veterans and service members whose noble and selfless 
actions have inspired generations of men and women to follow in their 
footsteps and made our country a more hopeful place.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim July 26, 2008, as the 60th 
Anniversary of the Integration of the United States Armed Forces and 
urge all Americans to observe this day with appropriate programs, 
ceremonies, and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8276 of July 24, 2008

Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) has helped tear down barriers 
for millions of people living with disabilities. On the anniversary of 
this important legislation, our Nation underscores our commitment to 
ensuring that all individuals have an equal opportunity to realize their 
full potential.
On July 26, 1990, President George H. W. Bush signed this groundbreaking 
Act into law, better enabling citizens with disabilities to participate 
fully in all aspects of life. Over the course of nearly two decades, 
this Act has made our schools and workplaces more welcoming, helped 
change attitudes that once seemed unchangeable, and expanded opportunity 
for many

[[Page 71]]

exceptional Americans. The ADA is one of the most successful civil 
rights laws in our history and has been an essential part of countless 
American lives.
My Administration is committed to working to empower those with 
disabilities so that all our people can achieve the American dream. 
Building on the success of the ADA, the New Freedom Initiative of 2001 
has had a positive impact for many of our citizens. Technological 
advances have helped individuals gain greater access to everyday life. 
Students with disabilities are given the tools they need to succeed, and 
in the workplace, innovative hiring and employment practices are helping 
to integrate Americans with disabilities into the workforce. The Ticket 
to Work and AbilityOne programs have helped them become more self-
sufficient by expanding access to employment. Our Nation has benefited 
from the progress we have made since the enactment of the ADA, and it is 
our responsibility to continue working toward a country where all people 
are treated with the respect and dignity they deserve.
On this anniversary, we highlight our commitment to the ADA and 
celebrate the progress that has been made toward full participation of 
people with disabilities in our society.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim July 26, 2008, as a day in 
celebration of the 18th Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities 
Act. I call on all Americans to celebrate the vital contributions of 
individuals with disabilities as we work towards fulfilling the promise 
of the ADA to give all our citizens the opportunity to live with 
dignity, work productively, and achieve their dreams.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day 
of July, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8277 of July 24, 2008

Parents' Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

 Parents teach their children timeless values to help them make the most 
of life's opportunities and overcome its challenges. On Parents' Day, we 
pay tribute to the parents who provide their children with guidance, 
support, and unconditional love and who help make our country a better 
place.
Mothers and fathers are a source of stability and great comfort in 
society, and they have a vital obligation to love and care for their 
children. Through patient instruction and a loving example, they instill 
in children the principles that make our Nation strong and ensure that 
children have the skills

[[Page 72]]

to lead lives of character and integrity. As a child's primary teachers, 
parents are responsible for their child's education, and their efforts 
will contribute to a more hopeful future for our country. Parents can 
help shape our Nation by encouraging young people to make the right 
choices, become responsible citizens, and achieve their dreams.
My Administration remains dedicated to promoting Federal, State, and 
faith-based and community programs to assist American families and 
support healthy marriages and responsible parenting. We are committed to 
helping parents and schools enable the next generation of Americans to 
realize their full potential.
On Parents' Day, we honor mothers and fathers and thank them for their 
many years of patience and selflessness. We take this opportunity also 
to recognize parents of adopted children and foster parents, who 
generously provide children with a loving family to call their own. We 
also recognize the parents who serve in our Armed Forces and the parents 
of the brave men and women wearing our Nation's uniform. The members of 
our Armed Forces are defending our freedom with dignity and honor, and 
America is grateful for the sacrifices that they and their families make 
in the name of duty.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States and consistent with Public Law 103-362, as 
amended, do hereby proclaim Sunday, July 27, 2008, as Parents' Day. I 
call upon citizens, private organizations, and governmental bodies at 
all levels to engage in activities and educational efforts that 
recognize, support, and honor parents, and I encourage American sons and 
daughters to convey their love, respect, and appreciation to their 
parents.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day 
of July, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8278 of August 22, 2008

Women's Equality Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

With vision and determination, American women have helped build our 
great Nation. On Women's Equality Day, we remember the dedication of 
women who overcame many obstacles in order to secure the right to vote.
The struggle for women's rights is a story of strong women willing to 
take the lead and pave the way toward equal voting rights for all 
American citizens. In 1848, a group of determined women came together in 
Seneca Falls, New York, to proclaim that ``all men and women are created 
equal,'' and demand suffrage. On August 26, 1920, their voices were 
finally heard, and the 19th Amendment to the Constitution guaranteed 
women the right to vote.

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As we look back on the journey to women gaining suffrage, we remember 
the sacrifices of people like Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady 
Stanton. More than 160 years after the Seneca Falls Convention, we 
celebrate the spirit, leadership, and hard work of those pioneering 
women. We also recognize the women who continue in this tradition by 
acting as role models in their communities, helping raise the next 
generation of Americans, leading in their professions, and serving in 
the Armed Forces protecting our country. These women are continuing on 
the path set by those who came before them, so that all Americans can 
realize the great promise of our Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim August 26, 2008, as 
Women's Equality Day. I call upon the people of the United States to 
celebrate the achievements of women and observe this day with 
appropriate programs and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-second day 
of August, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8279 of August 25, 2008

National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month is an opportunity to underscore 
our commitment to fighting prostate cancer and to raise awareness about 
this highly treatable disease.
Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer found in men, 
and one in six men will develop it during their lifetime. The cause of 
prostate cancer remains unknown, but early detection can lead to better 
treatment and increase the chances of survival. It is important for men 
to talk to their physicians about risk factors, prevention, and 
preventive screenings.
My Administration remains committed to helping America's dedicated 
medical professionals learn more about the cause of prostate cancer and 
develop new and better ways to combat it. Since 2005, the Cancer Genome 
Atlas has studied the genetic sources of all types of cancer. By 
supporting medical research, conducting clinical trials, and developing 
new surgical techniques to help patients recover quickly, the National 
Institutes of Health, the National Cancer Institute, and the Centers for 
Disease Control and Prevention are helping lead the fight against 
prostate cancer.
During National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, we remember those who 
lost the battle against prostate cancer, and we pray for their families 
and friends. We also remember those living with prostate cancer, 
celebrate the lives of survivors, and thank all the medical 
professionals who aid in

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these victories. By continuing our fight against this disease, we will 
make our Nation a healthier and more hopeful place.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2008 as National 
Prostate Cancer Awareness Month. I call upon government officials, 
businesses, communities, health care professionals, educators, and the 
people of the United States to reaffirm our Nations strong and ongoing 
commitment to the fight against prostate cancer.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8280 of August 25, 2008

Minority Enterprise Development Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The opportunities of America make our land a beacon of hope for people 
from every corner of the world. America's minority-owned businesses 
contribute greatly to our economy and the richness of our country. 
During Minority Enterprise Development Week, we recognize minority 
entrepreneurs and recommit ourselves to fostering an environment where 
everyone can attain the American dream.
In America, people's dreams matter more than their background. Across 
our country, minority business owners are working hard to achieve their 
goals and helping to extend the promises of America to their fellow 
citizens. These businesses and their employees are vital contributors to 
our national prosperity.
My Administration has lowered taxes, supported pro-growth policies, and 
enacted an economic stimulus package to encourage small and medium-sized 
business growth. By keeping more money in the hands of families and 
small businesses, they can save, invest, spend, and give back to their 
communities. Our economy is resilient and dynamic because Americans are 
the most industrious, creative, and enterprising people in the world and 
because we believe in a free market economy that rewards those 
qualities.
During Minority Enterprise Development Week, we recognize the value 
minority entrepreneurs and their employees add to our country. They are 
vital to our Nation's economic strength and an essential part of our 
national heritage.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim August 31 through 
September 6, 2008, as Minority Enterprise Development Week. I call upon 
all Americans to celebrate this week with appropriate programs, 
ceremonies,

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and activities to recognize the many contributions of our Nation's 
minority enterprises.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day 
of August, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8281 of August 26, 2008

National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month, we remember those whose 
lives have been affected by this deadly disease, and we underscore our 
commitment to battling ovarian cancer for the sake of women around the 
world.
Each year, thousands of American women are diagnosed with ovarian 
cancer. Many will lose their lives to this disease. Because ovarian 
cancer is often diagnosed at an advanced stage, it is vital for women to 
make regular visits to their doctors for screenings and to discuss risk 
factors and warning signs. Early detection is the best way to help 
doctors diagnose cancer before it has a chance to spread. It also makes 
treatment more effective and increases the chances for survival. I 
encourage all women to learn more about preventive measures and 
screening options that may help to save their lives.
America leads the world in medical research, and my Administration 
remains dedicated to the fight against ovarian cancer. I signed the 
``Gynecologic Cancer Education and Awareness Act of 2005,'' or 
``Johanna's Law,'' that helps to raise awareness among women and health 
care providers about female reproductive cancers. Additionally, the 
National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control 
and Prevention are conducting important research to help make the 
innovative advances we need in order to eradicate this disease. NIH's 
Cancer Genome Atlas is also helping researchers gain a greater 
understanding of the genetic sources of cancer. Together, we will 
continue building on our progress until there is a cure for cancer. As 
we observe National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month, we honor those who 
have fought this disease. We also recognize the compassionate 
caregivers, doctors, and researchers who are dedicated to preventing, 
detecting, and treating ovarian cancer.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2008 as 
National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month. I call upon government 
officials, businesses, communities, health care professionals, 
educators, volunteers, and the people of the United States to continue 
our Nation's strong commitment to preventing and treating ovarian 
cancer.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8282 of August 26, 2008

National Preparedness Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Preparedness Month, we underscore the important 
responsibility Americans have to be ready for emergencies in our homes, 
businesses, and communities.
The Department of Homeland Security's Ready campaign highlights 
preparedness steps, including having an emergency supply kit, making a 
family emergency plan, and becoming informed about different types of 
emergencies. After preparing themselves and their families, Americans 
can take the next step and get involved in helping to prepare their 
communities for all types of emergencies. For more information, citizens 
may visit www.ready.gov and citizencorps.gov.
During National Preparedness Month, we also honor our Nation's police 
officers, firefighters, and emergency personnel for their hard work and 
commitment to protecting others. As first responders, they have 
demonstrated the true meaning of heroism by taking great risks to 
safeguard our communities, and all Americans are grateful for their 
efforts.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2008 as National 
Preparedness Month. I call upon the people of the United States to 
recognize the importance of preparing for potential emergencies and to 
observe this month by participating in appropriate events, activities, 
and preparedness programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8283 of August 27, 2008

National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Substance abuse is an unrelenting evil that destroys lives, ruins 
families, and endangers neighborhoods. During National Alcohol and Drug 
Addiction Recovery Month, we emphasize our commitment to alcohol and 
drug addiction prevention. This month is also an opportunity to 
recognize those who have had the courage to combat and overcome 
addiction.
Alcohol and drug abuse require an aggressive response. My Administration 
will continue to help educate our children through the National Youth 
Anti-Drug Media Campaign. This Campaign urges parents and adults to 
safeguard our young people from the abuse of prescription drugs, focuses 
on random drug-testing in schools and in the workplace, and creates 
drug-free community coalitions. First Lady Laura Bush leads the Helping 
America's Youth initiative, which assists our youth in making healthy 
life choices through the participation of caring adults in their lives. 
The dedicated efforts of families, teachers, law enforcement, faith-
based groups, and community activists are all important.
We are also working to reduce the supply of illegal drugs coming into 
our country and fighting demand here at home. In order to disrupt the 
market for illegal drugs, the National Drug Control Strategy report has 
coordinated law enforcement efforts throughout our Nation to help 
dismantle channels of distribution, and we are also working with foreign 
governments to eradicate the trafficking of illegal drugs.
Too many of our citizens have been swept up in a cycle of addiction. 
Through faith-based and community groups, we have revolutionized the way 
we help people break the chains of addiction. The Access to Recovery 
program provides addicts with vouchers so that they can attend the 
treatment center of their choice. Our Nation's armies of compassion have 
helped nearly 200,000 clients rediscover their dignity and purpose 
through this program.
During National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month and throughout 
the year, we underscore the worthy mission of confronting substance 
abuse. This year's theme, ``Join the Voices of Recovery: Real People, 
Real Recovery,'' highlights the importance of providing hope and love to 
those who are trying to overcome drug and alcohol addiction and rebuild 
their lives. For more information on how to help fellow citizens and 
continue building a stronger community, visit recoverymonth.gov.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2008 as National 
Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month. I call upon the people of the 
United States to observe this month with the appropriate programs, 
ceremonies, and activities.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-seventh day 
of August, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8284 of August 28, 2008

National Days of Prayer and Remembrance, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Days of Prayer and Remembrance, we pay special tribute 
to the thousands of innocent victims who died on September 11, 2001. Our 
Nation honors the brave citizens, service members, police officers, and 
firefighters who heroically responded in the face of terror. On these 
important days, we reflect on the terrible events of September 11, 2001, 
and lift the victims and their families in our prayers.
Our Nation will never forget the individuals who lost their lives in New 
York, Pennsylvania, and at the Pentagon. America remains inspired by the 
countless acts of kindness and sacrifice we saw that day--fearless 
rescuers who rushed toward danger, a beloved priest who died helping 
others, two office workers who carried a disabled person 68 floors to 
safety.
We also pray for the safety and success of the members of our Armed 
Forces now serving freedom's cause. We seek God's grace on their 
families, and commit to Heaven's care those brave men and women He has 
called home. We ask the Almighty to watch over America and pray for His 
providence and continued blessings on our country. May He always guide 
the United States of America. As we defend our country against its 
enemies, we pray for help in protecting the gift of freedom from those 
who seek to destroy it, and we ask the Almighty to strengthen all those 
securing liberty on distant shores.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim Friday, September 5, 
through Sunday, September 7, 2008, as National Days of Prayer and 
Remembrance. I ask that the people of the United States and their places 
of worship mark these National Days of Prayer and Remembrance with 
memorial services, the ringing of bells, and evening candlelight 
remembrance vigils. I also invite all people across the world to share 
in these Days of Prayer and Remembrance.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of August, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8285 of September 3, 2008

National Historically Black Colleges and Universities Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) are helping to 
extend lifelines of learning throughout our country. During Historically 
Black Colleges and Universities Week, we pay tribute to these 
distinguished institutions.
Our Nation's HBCUs help unlock the great potential within students by 
providing quality higher education to traditionally underserved 
communities. By offering all students an opportunity to develop their 
skills and talents, HBCUs are helping more Americans realize the promise 
of our Nation.
My Administration is committed to promoting equal opportunities and 
access to higher education for all students. Since 2001, funding for 
HBCUs and Historically Black Graduate Institutions has increased. 
Additionally, the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 makes 
college more affordable for low-income students by increasing funding 
for Federal Pell Grants by more than $11 billion. The Act also helps 
HBCUs increase educational opportunities in the critical fields of math, 
science, technology, and foreign languages. By educating all of 
America's students, we are investing in our next generation of leaders 
and contributing to a more hopeful people and a more prosperous America.
Throughout this week, we renew the call for this country to never rest 
until equality is real, opportunity is universal, and all citizens can 
realize their dreams. We also recognize our country's HBCUs and their 
important role in making these goals a reality.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 7 through 
September 13, 2008, as National Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities Week. I call upon public officials, educators, librarians, 
and all the people of the United States to observe this week with 
appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities in respect and 
appreciation for the contributions these valuable institutions and their 
graduates have made to our country.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this third day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8286 of September 8, 2008

Patriot Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

September 11, 2001, was etched into America's memory when 19 terrorists 
attacked us with barbarity unequaled in our history. On Patriot Day, we 
cherish the memory of the thousands of innocent victims lost, extend our 
thoughts and prayers to their families, and honor the heroic men and 
women who risked and sacrificed their lives so others might survive.
Since 9/11, we have recognized the threat posed by terrorists to the 
safety of the American people and worked to protect our homeland by 
fighting terrorists abroad. We are confronting terrorism by advancing 
freedom, liberty, and prosperity as an alternative to the ideologies of 
hatred and repression. Our Nation pays tribute to our courageous men and 
women in uniform serving around the world and the devoted members of our 
law enforcement, public safety, and intelligence communities at home who 
work night and day to protect us from harm and preserve the freedom of 
this great Nation.
Seven years ago, ordinary citizens rose to the challenge, united in 
prayer, and responded with extraordinary acts of courage, with some 
giving their lives for the country they loved. On Patriot Day, we 
remember all those who were taken from us in an instant and seek their 
lasting memorial in a safer and more hopeful world. We must not allow 
our resolve to be weakened by the passage of time. We will meet the test 
that history has given us and continue to fight to rid the world of 
terrorism and promote liberty around the globe.
By a joint resolution approved December 18, 2001 (Public Law 107-89), 
the Congress has designated September 11 of each year as ``Patriot 
Day.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim September 11, 2008, as Patriot Day. I call 
upon the Governors of the United States and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico, as well as appropriate officials of all units of government, to 
direct that the flag be flown at half-staff on Patriot Day. I also call 
upon the people of the United States to observe Patriot Day with 
appropriate ceremonies, activities, and remembrance services, to display 
the flag at half-staff from their homes on that day, and to observe a 
moment of silence beginning at 8:46 a.m. eastern daylight time to honor 
the innocent Americans and people from around the world who lost their 
lives as a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8287 of September 12, 2008

National Hispanic Heritage Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Hispanic Heritage Month, we recognize the many Americans 
of Hispanic descent who have made outstanding contributions to our 
Nation.
The rich cultural traditions of the Hispanic-American community have 
made a remarkable impact on American society. The diverse backgrounds of 
Hispanic Americans and their dedication to family have become an 
integral part of America. With a deep commitment to faith and a strong 
desire to live the American dream, these citizens are realizing the full 
blessings of liberty. Educational opportunities are helping a new 
generation work toward success, and many Hispanic Americans operate 
thriving small businesses.
We also honor Hispanic Americans for their strong tradition of service 
in the Armed Forces. These proud patriots have fought in every war since 
our founding, and many have earned the Medal of Honor for their courage. 
Hispanic service men and women have shown their love for the United 
States by answering the call to serve, and we owe them and their 
families a tremendous debt of gratitude. Their patriotism and valor have 
added to the character of our Nation.
National Hispanic Heritage Month is an opportunity to celebrate the 
spirit and accomplishments of Hispanic Americans everywhere. To honor 
those achievements, the Congress, by Public Law 100-402, as amended, has 
authorized and requested the President to issue annually a proclamation 
designating September 15 through October 15 as ``National Hispanic 
Heritage Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 15 through 
October 15, 2008, as National Hispanic Heritage Month. I call upon 
public officials, educators, librarians, and all the people of the 
United States to observe this month with appropriate ceremonies, 
activities, and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8288 of September 12, 2008

National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Throughout history, America has counted on brave individuals willing to 
put on the uniform to protect our land and defend our way of life. This 
week we honor and recognize the many contributions members of our 
National Guard and Reserve make to our Nation, and we thank the civilian 
employers who support these individuals as they answer the call of duty.
The men and women of the National Guard and Reserve have demonstrated 
the highest form of citizenship, and their service is vital to the 
security of our country and the peace of the world. As the early 
patriots who claimed our Nation's liberty did, today's Guard and Reserve 
are fighting a new and unprecedented war and pledging their lives and 
honor to defend our freedom. As many of those early patriots did, 
members of today's Guard and Reserve lead civilian lives but stand ready 
to wear our Nation's uniform when liberty is threatened. The families of 
the National Guard and Reserve serve our Nation by proudly standing 
behind these brave men and women, and America appreciates their 
sacrifice as well.
In all they do, the National Guard and Reserve and their families 
represent the best of the American spirit.
Our Nation also depends on the commitment of the civilian employers of 
the members of the National Guard and Reserve. In offices and factories 
across America, organizations do without the talents of many hard-
working people who have been called upon to protect our country. Our 
Nation's employers provide time off, pay, healthcare benefits, and job 
security because they care about and love their country. These 
businesses have put patriotism above profit, and they deserve the 
gratitude of all Americans.
During National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week, a 
grateful country pays tribute to the men and women of the National Guard 
and Reserve, and we express our gratitude to the employers who support 
them and help enable them to serve.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 14 through 
September 20, 2008, as National Employer Support of the Guard and 
Reserve Week. I encourage all Americans to join me in expressing our 
thanks to members of our National Guard and Reserve and their civilian 
employers for their patriotism and sacrifices on behalf of our Nation. I 
also call upon State and local officials, private organizations, 
businesses, and all military commanders to observe this week with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8289 of September 17, 2008

Constitution Day and Citizenship Day, Constitution Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Americans are united by the ideals of equal justice, limited government, 
and the rule of law. On Constitution Day and Citizenship Day and during 
Constitution Week, we remember the vision and determination of the 
Framers to build a free society, and we celebrate the historical 
document they created to achieve that goal.
More than two centuries ago, our Founding Fathers gathered in 
Philadelphia and produced a charter that would promote justice and 
preserve the liberty of all our citizens. The Founders established three 
separate branches of Government with a system of checks and balances 
among them. Ours is the oldest written constitution in the world, and 
the American experiment remains the world's best hope for freedom.
The Constitution forged the American creed of liberty and equality and 
has lifted the lives of countless individuals. Whether they are citizens 
by birth or by oath, Americans share a great tradition of enjoying 
liberty protected by a constitutional government of their choosing.
On Constitution Day and Citizenship Day, and during Constitution Week, 
Americans come together and recognize the blessings bestowed upon our 
great Nation. On this occasion we celebrate the courage of the 
Constitution's drafters and recommit ourselves to making the United 
States a more perfect union.
In recognition of the signing of the Constitution and of Americans who 
strive to fulfill the duties and responsibilities of citizenship, the 
Congress, by joint resolution of February 29, 1952 (36 U.S.C. 106, as 
amended), designated September 17 as ``Constitution Day and Citizenship 
Day,'' and by joint resolution of August 2, 1956 (36 U.S.C. 108, as 
amended), requested that the President proclaim the week beginning 
September 17 and ending September 23 of each year as ``Constitution 
Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim September 17, 2008, as Constitution Day and 
Citizenship Day, and September 17 through September 23, 2008, as 
Constitution Week. I encourage Federal, State, and local officials, as 
well as leaders of civic, social, and educational organizations, to 
conduct ceremonies and programs that celebrate our Constitution and 
reaffirm our rights and responsibilities as citizens of this great 
Nation.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventeenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8290 of September 17, 2008

National POW/MIA Recognition Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On National POW/MIA Recognition Day, we honor the brave and patriotic 
Americans who were held as prisoners of war, and we remember those who 
are still missing in action. For their valor and selfless devotion to 
protect the country they love, our Nation owes them a debt we can never 
fully repay. On this day we underscore our commitment and pledge to 
those who are still missing in action and to their families that we will 
not rest until we have achieved the fullest possible accounting for 
every member of our Armed Forces missing in the line of duty.
To observe this important day, the National League of Families POW/MIA 
flag is flown over the Capitol, the White House, the World War II 
Memorial, the Korean War Veterans Memorial, the Vietnam Veterans 
Memorial, and other locations across our country. The flag is a solemn 
reminder of our Nation's enduring obligation and promise to our 
courageous service members who remain missing and a tribute to those who 
have been imprisoned while serving their country in conflicts around the 
world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim Friday, September 19, 
2008, as National POW/MIA Recognition Day. I call upon the people of the 
United States to join me in honoring and remembering all former American 
prisoners of war and those missing in action for their valiant service 
to our Nation. I also call upon Federal, State, and local government 
officials and private organizations to observe this day with appropriate 
ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventeenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8291 of September 18, 2008

National Farm Safety and Health Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Agriculture has always been a vital part of America's economy and 
culture, and our farmers and ranchers are among the best stewards of our 
land. During National Farm Safety and Health Week, we recognize those 
working in agriculture for their contributions to our Nation's 
prosperity, security, and health, and we also seek to raise awareness 
about the occupational hazards of this industry.
Farming and ranching are strenuous occupations, and workers can be 
exposed to many dangers, including those associated with extreme weather 
conditions, operating heavy machinery, and working with livestock. 
Teaching awareness about potential dangers, implementing preventative 
measures, and supervising children as they work and play can help 
mitigate risks and reduce the number of injuries and fatalities on farms 
and ranches.
Our Nation's farmers and ranchers exemplify the American values of hard 
work, deep commitment to faith, and love of family. During National Farm 
Safety and Health Week, we celebrate these extraordinary men and women 
who are building a prosperous future for our country.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 21 through 
September 27, 2008, as National Farm Safety and Health Week. I call upon 
the agencies, organizations, and businesses that serve America's 
agricultural workers to continue to strengthen their commitment to 
promoting farm safety and health programs. I also urge all Americans to 
honor our agricultural heritage and to recognize our farmers and 
ranchers for their remarkable contributions to our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8292 of September 19, 2008

Family Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Strong families are essential to the well-being of our Nation. On Family 
Day, we celebrate the relationship between parents and their children, 
and we recognize the importance of families spending time together.
As a source of hope, guidance, stability, and love for every generation, 
families both teach and exemplify the values and virtues needed in 
today's

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changing world. As parents and as role models to America's children, we 
can help prepare our children for a bright future by offering steadfast 
support and unconditional love.
The character of a child is formed in his or her earliest years by the 
love and guidance of family members and other caring individuals. Since 
2001, my Administration has worked to strengthen the American family, 
and we have worked with faith-based and community organizations to 
promote healthy marriages and responsible fatherhood. By striving to 
ensure that children remain connected to their families, communities, 
places of worship, and schools, we are helping them make good choices 
and build lives of purpose.
Parents are the primary teachers of our Nation's youth, and they are the 
first ones to educate them about the differences between right and 
wrong. By being proactive and involved in a child's life, families pass 
along the traditions and principles that help make America a 
compassionate, decent, and hopeful society.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 22, 2008, as 
Family Day. I call upon the people of the United States to observe this 
day by engaging in activities that strengthen the bonds between children 
and parents.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this nineteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8293 of September 24, 2008

Gold Star Mother's Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Throughout our history, the men and women of the Armed Forces have put 
our Nation's security before their own, doing their duty in the face of 
grave danger. On Gold Star Mother's Day, we pay solemn tribute to the 
mothers of the patriots lost serving this great Nation.
Gold Star Mothers inspire our Nation with their deep devotion to family 
and country. These extraordinary women serve their communities, dedicate 
their time to helping members of our Armed Forces and veterans, and 
bring comfort and hope to families whose loved ones laid down their 
lives in the defense of our liberty. Nothing can compensate for their 
sacrifice and loss, yet Gold Star Mothers demonstrate tremendous courage 
and resolve while working to preserve the memory and legacy of all our 
fallen heroes.
On this day, we honor our country's Gold Star Mothers and remember their 
sons' and daughters' noble service and great sacrifice. We offer them 
our

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deepest gratitude and our most profound respect, and we ask for God's 
blessings to be upon them and their families.
The Congress, by Senate Joint Resolution 115 of June 23, 1936 (49 Stat. 
1895 as amended), has designated the last Sunday in September as ``Gold 
Star Mother's Day'' and has authorized and requested the President to 
issue a proclamation in its observance.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim Sunday, September 28, 2008, as Gold Star 
Mother's Day. I call upon all Government officials to display the flag 
of the United States over Government buildings on this special day. I 
also encourage the American people to display the flag and hold 
appropriate ceremonies as a public expression of our Nation's sympathy 
and respect for our Gold Star Mothers.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day 
of September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8294 of September 26, 2008

To Implement Amendments to the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. Section 3A(b)(1) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003 
(Public Law 108-61) (the ``Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act''), as 
amended by section 6(a) of the Tom Lantos Block Burmese JADE (Junta's 
Anti-Democratic Efforts) Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-286) (the ``JADE 
Act''), directs the President to prohibit the importation of jadeite and 
rubies mined or extracted from Burma, as well as the importation of 
articles of jewelry containing jadeite and rubies mined or extracted 
from Burma (Burmese covered articles), until such time as the President 
determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees 
that Burma has met the conditions described in section 3(a)(3) of the 
Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act.
2. Sections 3A(c)(1) and 3A(c)(2) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy 
Act, as amended, set forth certain conditions for the importation of 
jadeite and rubies mined or extracted from countries other than Burma, 
as well as for the importation of articles of jewelry containing jadeite 
and rubies mined or extracted from countries other than Burma (non-
Burmese covered articles).
3. Section 3A(c)(2) of the Act, as amended, also permits the President 
to waive the conditions for importation set forth in section 3A(c)(1) of 
non-Burmese covered articles from any country with respect to which the 
President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional 
committees

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that the country has implemented certain measures to prevent the trade 
in Burmese covered articles. 4. In order to implement the prohibitions 
on the importation of Burmese covered articles and the conditions for 
importation of non-Burmese covered articles set forth in sections 
3A(b)(1), 3A(c)(1), and 3A(c)(2) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy 
Act, as amended, it is necessary to modify the Harmonized Tariff 
Schedule of the United States (HTS) to include an additional U.S. Note 
to chapter 71.
5. Section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the ``1974 Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 2483), authorizes the President to embody in the HTS the 
substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or other acts affecting 
import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder, including the 
removal, modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or 
other import restriction.
6. Sections 3A(b)(2) and 3A(c)(3) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy 
Act, as amended, authorize the President to issue such proclamations, 
regulations, licenses, and orders, and conduct such investigations, as 
may be necessary to implement the prohibition on Burmese covered 
articles set forth in section 3A(b)(1) of that Act and the conditions 
for importation of non-Burmese covered articles set forth in sections 
3A(c)(1) and 3A(c)(2) of that Act.
7. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary 
of the Treasury and the Secretary of Homeland Security, pursuant to 
sections 3A(b)(2) and 3A(c)(3) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, 
as amended, to issue regulations, licenses, and orders, and conduct such 
investigations as may be necessary, to implement the prohibition on 
importation of Burmese covered articles set forth in section 3A(b)(1) of 
that Act and the conditions for importation of non-Burmese covered 
articles set forth in sections 3A(c)(1) and 3A(c)(2) of that Act. I 
further determine that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary of 
the Treasury and the Secretary of Homeland Security to redelegate, as 
necessary, any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the 
United States Government consistent with applicable law.
8. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary 
of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, to perform 
the functions set forth in section 3A(c)(2)(A) of the Burmese Freedom 
and Democracy Act, as amended, relating to the issuance waivers of the 
conditions for importation set forth in section 3A(c)(1) of non-Burmese 
covered articles from any country that has implemented certain measures 
to prevent the trade in Burmese covered articles. I further determine 
that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to 
redelegate, as necessary, any of these functions to other officers and 
agencies of the United States Government consistent with applicable law.
9. Section 3A(b)(3)(A) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as 
amended, directs the President to take all appropriate actions to seek 
issuance of a draft waiver decision by the Council for Trade in Goods of 
the World Trade Organization (WTO) granting a waiver of the applicable 
WTO obligations with respect to the provisions of section 3A of the 
Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended, and any measures taken to 
implement it.
10. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the United 
States Trade Representative to perform the functions specified in 
section 3A(b)(3)(A) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as 
amended.

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11. Section 3A(b)(3)(B) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as 
amended, directs the President to take all appropriate actions to seek 
the adoption of a resolution by the United Nations General Assembly 
expressing the need to address trade in Burmese covered articles and 
calling for the creation and implementation of a workable certification 
scheme for non-Burmese covered articles to prevent the trade in Burmese 
covered articles.
12. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary 
of State to perform the functions specified in section 3A(b)(3)(B) of 
the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended.
13. Section 3A(g) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended, 
directs the President to, not later than January 26, 2009, transmit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report describing what 
actions the United States has taken during the 60-day period beginning 
on the date of the enactment of the JADE Act to seek (i) the issuance of 
a draft waiver decision by the Council for Trade in Goods of the WTO, as 
specified in section 3A(b)(3)(A) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy 
Act, as amended; (ii) the adoption of a resolution by the United Nations 
General Assembly, as specified in section 3A(b)(3)(B) of that Act; and 
(iii) the negotiation of an international arrangement, as specified in 
section 3A(f)(1) of that Act.
14. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary 
of State, in consultation with the United States Trade Representative, 
to perform the functions specified in section 3A(g) of the Burmese 
Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended.
15. Under section 3(b) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as 
amended by section 6(c) of the JADE Act, the President may waive the 
restrictions described above if the President determines and notifies 
the Committees on Appropriations, Finance, and Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committees on Appropriations, Foreign Affairs, and Ways 
and Means of the House of Representatives that to do so is in the 
national interest of the United States.
16. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary 
of State to perform the functions and authorities specified in section 
3(b) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including sections 3 and 3A of 
the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended by section 6 of the 
JADE Act, section 604 of the 1974 Act, and section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code, do proclaim that:

(1) In order to implement the prohibition on the importation of Burmese 
covered articles and the conditions for the importation of non-Burmese 
covered articles provided for in sections 3A(b)(1) and 3A(c)(1) of the 
Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended, an additional U.S. Note as 
set forth in the Annex to this proclamation is included in chapter 71 of 
the HTS.

(2) Beginning on September 27, 2008, the importation into the United States 
of any Burmese covered article shall be prohibited, except as provided for 
(i) in section 3A(d) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended; 
(ii) in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that

[[Page 90]]

may be issued pursuant to this proclamation and section 3A(b)(2) of the 
Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended; or (iii) by waiver issued 
pursuant to section 3(b) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as 
amended.

(3) Beginning on September 27, 2008, as a condition for the importation 
into the United States of any non-Burmese covered article, the importer and 
exporter of such article must meet the conditions set forth in section 
3A(c)(1) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended, except as 
provided for (i) in section 3A(d) of that Act; (ii) in regulations, orders, 
directives, or licenses issued pursuant to this proclamation and section 
3A(c)(3) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended; or (iii) by 
waiver issued pursuant to either section 3(b) or section 3A(c)(2) of the 
Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended.

(4) The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
are hereby authorized, pursuant to sections 3A(b)(2) and 3A(c)(3) of the 
Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended, to issue regulations, 
licenses, and orders, and conduct such investigations as may be necessary, 
to implement the prohibition on Burmese covered articles set forth in 
section 3A(b)(1) of that Act and the conditions for importation of non-
Burmese covered articles set forth in sections 3A(c)(1) and 3A(c)(2) of 
that Act. The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security are further authorized to redelegate, as necessary, any of these 
functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government 
consistent with applicable law.

(5) The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of 
State, is hereby authorized to perform the functions set forth in section 
3A(c)(2)(A) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended, relating 
to the issuance of waivers of the conditions for importation set forth in 
section 3A(c)(1) of non-Burmese covered articles from any country that has 
implemented certain measures to prevent the trade in Burmese covered 
articles. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these 
functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government 
consistent with applicable law.

(6) The United States Trade Representative is hereby authorized to perform 
the functions specified in section 3A(b)(3)(A) of the Burmese Freedom and 
Democracy Act, as amended.

(7) The Secretary of State is hereby authorized to perform the functions 
specified in section 3A(b)(3)(B) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, 
as amended.

(8) The Secretary of State is hereby authorized, in consultation with the 
United States Trade Representative, to perform the functions specified in 
section 3A(g) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as amended.

(9) The Secretary of State is hereby authorized to perform the functions 
specified in section 3(b) of the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act, as 
amended.

(10) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that are 
inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are superseded to 
the extent of such inconsistency.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD01OC08.013


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Proclamation 8295 of September 26, 2008

National Hunting and Fishing Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

From our rugged peaks and mountains to our shining seas, our Nation is 
blessed with remarkable natural treasures. These magnificent landscapes 
are places where families and friends can create lasting memories and 
enjoy the outdoors. On National Hunting and Fishing Day, our country 
honors the many contributions of America's hunters and anglers, who add 
to our heritage and keep our wildlife populations healthy and strong.
Our Nation's sportsmen and women are among our foremost 
conservationists. They care deeply about our wildlife habitats, and they 
have contributed billions of dollars to wildlife restoration through the 
Pittman-Robertson Act, which is a levy on certain sporting goods. This 
investment has helped restore many species, including the American elk, 
black bear, and wild turkey. Through the Federal Waterfowl Stamp 
program, the conservation of habitats for migratory birds has been 
greatly improved. By protecting our Nation's wildlife, we can continue 
to advance the values of good stewardship.
My Administration has created, protected, and restored millions of acres 
of wetlands. Through my Ocean Action Plan, we are protecting fish 
populations and marine habitat. I was pleased to amend Executive Order 
12962 to recognize the value of recreational fishing as a sustainable 
activity in Federal waters. We have also improved the health of millions 
of acres of forests under the Healthy Forests Restoration Act. This 
important legislation is helping to protect our public lands from the 
risk of catastrophic wildfires and contributes to a healthier 
environment for all Americans.
On this special day, we remember our responsibility to preserve the 
great American landscape for future generations, and we celebrate the 
joy of hunting and fishing in the great outdoors.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 27, 2008, as 
National Hunting and Fishing Day. I call upon the people of the United 
States to join me in recognizing the contributions of America's hunters 
and anglers, and all those who work to conserve our Nation's fish and 
wildlife resources.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day 
of September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8296 of September 30, 2008

To Modify Duty-free Treatment Under The Caribbean Basin Economic 
Recovery Act and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. Section 213A(b) of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (19 
U.S.C. 2703a(b)) (the ``CBERA''), as amended by section 15402(a)(2) of 
the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement 
Act of 2008 (part 1 of subtitle D of title XV of Public Law 110-246, 122 
Stat. 2289) (the ``HOPE II Act''), provides that preferential tariff 
treatment may be provided for certain apparel and other articles 
originating in Haiti that are imported directly from Haiti or the 
Dominican Republic into the customs territory of the United States.
2. Pursuant to section 213A(f)(3) of CBERA (19 U.S.C. 2703a(f)(3)), as 
redesignated by section 15403(2) of the HOPE II Act (122 Stat. 2302), 
apparel and other articles described in section 213A(b) of CBERA that 
are shipped from the Dominican Republic to the United States directly or 
through the territory of an intermediate country shall not qualify for 
the preferential tariff treatment provided for under section 213A(b) 
until the President certifies to the Congress that Haiti and the 
Dominican Republic have developed procedures to prevent unlawful 
transshipment of the articles and the use of counterfeit documents 
related to the importation of the articles into the United States.
3. I have determined, and hereby certify, that Haiti and the Dominican 
Republic have developed the procedures described in section 213A(f)(3) 
of CBERA.
4. Section 15406 of the HOPE II Act (122 Stat. 2308) authorizes the 
President to exercise the authority provided under section 604 of the 
Trade Act of 1974, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2483) (the ``1974 Act''), to 
proclaim such modifications to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the 
United States (HTS) as may be necessary to carry out the HOPE II Act.
5. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the United 
States Trade Representative (USTR) to perform the following functions: 
the functions set forth in section 213A(d)(4) of CBERA, as amended (122 
Stat. 2307; 19 U.S.C. 2703a(d)(4)); the reporting function set forth in 
section 213A(e)(1)(B)(ii) of CBERA, as amended (122 Stat. 2302; 19 
U.S.C. 2703a(e)(1)(B)(ii)); the consultation function set forth in 
section 213A(e)(1)(C)(i) of CBERA, as amended (122 Stat. 2302-3; 19 
U.S.C. 2703a(e)(1)(C)(i)); and the functions set forth in section 
213A(e)(5) of CBERA, as amended (122 Stat. 2307; 19 U.S.C. 2703a(e)(5)).
6. I have determined that it is appropriate to authorize the Secretary 
of Labor, in consultation with the USTR, to perform the functions 
related to identifying producers and seeking to provide assistance to 
such producers set forth in section 213A(e)(4)(B)(i) and (ii) of CBERA, 
as amended (122 Stat. 2306; 19 U.S.C. 2703a(e)(4)(B)(i), (ii)).
7. In Presidential Proclamation 8272 of June 30, 2008, I waived, 
pursuant to section 503(d)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)(1)), 
the application

[[Page 94]]

of the competitive need limitations in section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 
Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(A)) with respect to certain articles from 
Turkey. A technical rectification to the HTS is required to provide the 
intended tariff treatment.
8. Section 604 of the 1974 Act authorizes the President to embody in the 
HTS the substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or other acts 
affecting import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including section 15406 of the 
HOPE II Act, section 604 of the 1974 Act, and section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code, do proclaim that:
(1) In order to provide the tariff treatment for articles imported 
directly from Haiti or the Dominican Republic provided for in section 
213A(b) of CBERA, as amended by the HOPE II Act, the HTS is modified as 
set forth in the Annex to this proclamation.
(2) The modifications to the HTS set forth in the Annex to this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to articles entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the date set forth 
in the Annex.
(3) The USTR is hereby authorized to perform the functions set forth in 
section 213A(d)(4) of CBERA; the reporting function set forth in section 
213A(e)(1)(B)(ii) of CBERA; the consultation function set forth in 
section 213A(e)(1)(C)(i) of CBERA; and the functions set forth in 
section 213A(e)(5) of CBERA.
(4) The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with the USTR, is hereby 
authorized to perform the functions related to identifying producers and 
seeking to provide assistance to such producers set forth in section 
213A(e)(4)(B)(i) and (ii) of CBERA.
(5) In order to correct technical errors in Presidential Proclamation 
8272, General Note 4(d) of the HTS is modified by deleting ``7413.00.50 
Turkey,'' and the Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn for HTS subheading 
7413.00.50 is modified by deleting the symbol ``A*'' and inserting the 
symbol ``A'' in lieu thereof, effective with respect to goods entered, 
or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after July 1, 2008.
(6) The USTR shall notify the Congress of this proclamation and 
certification.
(7) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8297 of October 1, 2008

National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, we underscore our 
commitment to fighting and preventing this devastating disease. Breast 
cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women, and we 
must strengthen our support of those who are living with this disease 
while continuing to work toward a cure.
Breast cancer can be attributed to many factors, including age, 
genetics, obesity, and family history. Women who exercise regularly, 
maintain healthy diets, and have yearly visits with their doctors are 
less likely to get breast cancer. Various screening measures such as 
mammograms, regular breast self-exams, and clinical breast exams can 
help detect cancer before it has a chance to spread. Early detection 
allows for early intervention, helps make treatment more effective, and 
gives hope to patients and saves lives.
America leads the world in medical research, and my Administration will 
continue to support efforts to treat and cure breast cancer. Since 2005, 
the Cancer Genome Atlas has studied the genetic sources of all types of 
cancer, and last year, I signed the ``National Breast and Cervical 
Cancer Early Detection Program Reauthorization Act of 2007,'' which will 
help millions of low-income and uninsured women get the screenings they 
need to detect cancer early. First Lady Laura Bush has encouraged women 
around the world to take charge of their health and emphasized the 
importance of screenings and early detection. In partnership with 
Federal agencies, State health agencies, and other medical 
professionals, my Administration has taken action to improve our 
Nation's healthcare system and helped promote the prevention, detection, 
and treatment of breast cancer.
This month, we honor those currently battling the disease and all who 
have survived the fight against breast cancer. We are inspired by their 
strength and determination. We recognize and applaud the hard-working 
caregivers and researchers who are dedicated to providing comfort and 
assistance to those with breast cancer and to treating and curing this 
disease. We also remember those lost to breast cancer and extend our 
thoughts and prayers to their families.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2008 as 
National Breast Cancer Awareness Month. I call upon Government 
officials, businesses, communities, health care professionals, 
educators, volunteers, and the people of the United States to continue 
our Nation's strong commitment to preventing, treating, and ultimately 
curing breast cancer.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8298 of October 1, 2008

National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Disability Employment Awareness Month, we reaffirm our 
commitment to ensuring that our Nation's promise extends to all our 
citizens.
Millions of Americans live with disabilities, and many other Americans 
will become disabled at some point in their lives. To integrate people 
with disabilities more fully into every aspect of life, our country is 
working to advance greater freedoms at work, in schools, and throughout 
communities. By expanding employment opportunities and fighting false 
perceptions that hinder people living with disabilities from joining the 
workforce, we can uphold America's moral values, strengthen our economy, 
and make America a more hopeful place.
More than 7 years ago, my Administration announced the New Freedom 
Initiative, which expanded upon the landmark reforms of the Americans 
with Disabilities Act. Since then, the Initiative has increased access 
for people with disabilities through technology, provided additional 
educational opportunities for youth, and integrated more Americans into 
the workforce. My Administration remains committed to empowering all 
people to reach their full educational, social, and professional goals. 
To learn more about the Federal Government's disability-related 
programs, please visit DisabilityInfo.gov.
To recognize the contributions of Americans with disabilities and to 
encourage all citizens to ensure equal opportunity in the workforce, the 
Congress has designated October of each year (36 U.S.C. 121) as 
``National Disability Employment Awareness Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 2008 as National Disability 
Employment Awareness Month. I call upon Government officials, labor 
leaders, employers, and the people of the United States to observe this 
month with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8299 of October 1, 2008

National Domestic Violence Awareness Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation has a moral obligation to work to prevent domestic violence 
and address its brutal and destructive effects. During National Domestic 
Violence Awareness Month, we underscore our commitment to helping 
individuals across our country who face such devastating violence.
My Administration remains dedicated to eradicating domestic violence and 
helping victims find the compassion, comfort, and healing they need. In 
2003, I announced the creation of the Family Justice Center Initiative 
to help local communities provide comprehensive services at one location 
for victims of domestic violence. In 2006, I was proud to sign 
legislation that reauthorized the Violence Against Women Act to improve 
criminal justice responses to domestic violence, sexual assault, and 
stalking. The Department of Justice's Domestic Violence Transitional 
Housing Assistance Program also offers victims of violence counseling 
and transitional housing services so they can escape the cycle of abuse.
During this month, we rededicate ourselves to protecting vulnerable 
members of our society and ensuring domestic abusers are punished to the 
full extent of the law. We encourage victims of domestic violence and 
their families to seek assistance through Family Justice Centers and the 
National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-SAFE. Together, we can 
help heal hearts and build a culture in which all Americans can pursue 
their dreams and realize the great promise of our Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2008, as National 
Domestic Violence Awareness Month. I urge all Americans to reach out to 
victims of domestic violence and take action to make ending domestic 
violence a national priority.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8300 of October 3, 2008

Child Health Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Americans have a duty to promote the health and safety of our children. 
On Child Health Day, we affirm that all children are a precious gift, 
and we underscore our commitment to helping them realize their full 
potential.

[[Page 103]]

Families are the foundation of our society, and parents play the vital 
role of providing stability, guidance, and discipline so children can 
lead healthy lives. Teachers, caregivers, and mentors can also help 
teach children about the importance of making good choices. All 
Americans can help our Nation's youth become healthy and responsible 
adults by encouraging them to avoid risky behaviors such as early sexual 
activity, drugs, alcohol, and violence.
My Administration remains dedicated to helping younger generations 
achieve their dreams by supporting programs that encourage children to 
maintain healthy and active lifestyles. The Helping America';s Youth 
initiative, led by First Lady Laura Bush, is helping children make smart 
decisions so they can confront challenges and live longer and better 
lives. The HealthierUS initiative encourages positive habits and 
addresses public health issues facing our Nation's youth, such as 
childhood obesity. Through the President's Challenge, we are promoting 
personal fitness and encouraging youth to stay active beyond the school 
gym. Through these and other efforts, we can make our country stronger 
by teaching children the importance of healthy choices.
The Congress, by a joint resolution approved May 18, 1928, as amended 
(36 U.S.C. 105), has called for the designation of the first Monday in 
October as ``Child Health Day'' and has requested the President to issue 
a proclamation in observance of this day.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim Monday, October 6, 2008, as Child Health 
Day. I call upon families, schools, child health professionals, faith-
based and community organizations, and State and local governments to 
reach out to our Nation's young people, encourage them to avoid 
dangerous behavior, and help them make the right choices to achieve 
their dreams.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this third day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8301 of October 3, 2008

German-American Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For generations, German Americans have contributed to our Nation's 
identity, culture, and prosperity. On German-American Day, we recognize 
the many Americans with German ancestry who helped make our country 
great, and we celebrate our strong friendship with Germany.
The people of Germany and the United States share important family and 
cultural ties, and millions of American citizens are of German descent. 
Some of their forebears were among the first to settle Jamestown, and 
they and many others like them helped lay the foundation for our 
country, which has become the most prominent symbol of freedom in the 
world.

[[Page 104]]

 Many German Americans have shaped our way of life and added to our 
country's rich heritage.
In celebrating German-American Day, we honor generations of German 
Americans who came to our shores with dreams of opportunity and 
contributed to the greatness of our country.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 6, 2008, as 
German-American Day. I encourage all Americans to celebrate the many 
contributions German Americans have made to our Nation's liberty and 
prosperity.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this third day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8302 of October 3, 2008

Fire Prevention Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Fire Prevention Week is an opportunity to call attention to the 
importance of fire safety, especially in the home, and to honor our 
Nation's firefighters for their heroism.
Americans can help reduce home fires by taking simple steps such as 
regularly inspecting furnaces and fireplaces, keeping space heaters at 
least 3 feet from flammable materials, and checking the condition of 
electrical cords. Making sure that smoke alarms and fire extinguishers 
work can also help minimize the impact of home and building fires. I 
encourage all Americans to remember this year's theme--``It's Fire 
Prevention Week: Prevent Home Fires!''--and to check their homes for 
fire hazards to help prevent disasters.
Across our Nation, firefighters put themselves at risk to protect our 
communities, and their selfless dedication has saved countless lives. 
America's Bravest hold a cherished place in our hearts, and we honor 
those who have paid the ultimate price to protect citizens in harm's 
way. The sacrifice of these men and women is an inspiration to all and 
epitomizes the true meaning of heroism.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 5 through October 
11, 2008, as Fire Prevention Week. On Sunday, October 5, 2008, in 
accordance with Public Law 107-51, the flag of the United States will be 
flown at half staff on all Federal office buildings in honor of the 
National Fallen Firefighters Memorial Service. I call on all Americans 
to participate in this observance through appropriate programs and 
activities and by renewing their efforts to prevent fires and their 
tragic consequences.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this third day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8303 of October 8, 2008

Leif Erikson Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Leif Erikson Day, we remember that son of Iceland and grandson of 
Norway for his journey to North America, and we celebrate the 
influential role Nordic Americans have played in our society.
Leif Erikson was among the world's greatest and most daring explorers. 
More than 1,000 years ago, he led a crew across the Atlantic to North 
America. Today, the same desire to explore and open new frontiers 
inspires our citizens and contributes to the strength of our Nation.
America's friendships with Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden 
are strong, and Nordic Americans have added to our rich cultural 
diversity and proud ancestry. On this day, we recognize these 
individuals for their remarkable achievements in all sectors of our 
society. America is grateful for the many contributions of Nordic 
Americans, and we continue to draw inspiration from the courage and 
optimism of the adventurous Leif Erikson.
To honor Leif Erikson and to celebrate our citizens of Nordic American 
heritage, the Congress, by joint resolution (Public Law 88-566) approved 
on September 2, 1964, has authorized the President to proclaim October 9 
of each year as ``Leif Erikson Day.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 9, 2008, as Leif Erikson Day. I call 
upon all Americans to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies, 
activities, and programs to honor our rich Nordic-American heritage.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8304 of October 10, 2008

National School Lunch Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National School Lunch Week, we underscore the importance of 
providing America's children with access to nutritious meals and helping 
them develop good eating habits through the National School Lunch 
Program.
The National School Lunch Program is a federally assisted meal program 
administered by the Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition 
Service in cooperation with State agencies. Since 1946, the National 
School Lunch Program has served more than 187 billion lunches to 
students across America. The program is designed to ensure that each day 
millions of children are receiving the healthy food necessary to succeed 
by providing access to nutritious low-cost or free meals. By serving 
well-balanced meals that are lower in fat and have plenty of fruits, 
vegetables, and whole-grain foods, this program helps children learn 
healthy eating habits, reduce their risk of serious health problems, and 
perform better in the classroom.
Throughout National School Lunch Week, we recognize the school officials 
and parents who encourage young people to develop good eating habits. We 
also thank the dedicated food service professionals who serve our 
children healthy foods each day at school.
In recognition of the contributions of the National School Lunch Program 
to the health, education, and well-being of America's children, the 
Congress, by joint resolution of October 9, 1962 (Public Law 87-780), as 
amended, has designated the week beginning on the second Sunday in 
October of each year as ``National School Lunch Week'' and has requested 
the President to issue a proclamation in observance of this week.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim the week of October 12 through October 18, 
2008, as National School Lunch Week. I call upon all Americans to join 
the dedicated individuals who administer the National School Lunch 
Program in appropriate activities that support the health and well-being 
of our Nation's children.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8305 of October 10, 2008

Columbus Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Christopher Columbus' bold voyage across the Atlantic changed the world 
forever. On Columbus Day, we remember this Italian explorer's courage in 
traveling to the unknown and celebrate his landmark achievements and 
lasting legacy.
History holds remarkable examples of heroism and adventure, and the 
journey of the navigator from Genoa in 1492 is one of history's great 
stories of daring and bravery. Columbus' expedition became an epic of 
discovery and opened up the New World for future generations. His 
journey will forever stand as a testament to his intrepid spirit and 
persistence. Today, his legacy of discovery and determination is an 
example for innovators and dreamers as they pursue broader understanding 
and use their talents to benefit humanity.
Columbus Day is also an opportunity to reaffirm the close ties between 
the United States and Italy. Our two countries will continue to work 
together to advance liberty, peace, and prosperity around the globe. Our 
Nation recognizes the many inspiring contributions made by Americans of 
Italian descent. We also honor the dedication and sacrifice of Italian 
Americans who are serving in our country's Armed Forces. In 
commemoration of Columbus' journey, the Congress has requested (36 
U.S.C. 107) that the President proclaim the second Monday of October of 
each year as ``Columbus Day.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 13, 2008, as Columbus Day. I call 
upon the people of the United States to observe this day with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities. I also direct that the flag of 
the United States be displayed on all public buildings on the appointed 
day in honor of Christopher Columbus.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8306 of October 10, 2008

General Pulaski Memorial Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On General Pulaski Memorial Day, we celebrate General Casimir Pulaski's 
selfless dedication to the cause of freedom during the American 
Revolution.

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In our Nation's struggle for independence, brave individuals such as 
Casimir Pulaski came to our shores and risked their lives to help bring 
liberty to a new continent. General Pulaski fought first against Russian 
domination of his Polish homeland and later joined General George 
Washington's Continental Army. Pulaski's valor in battle and love of 
freedom earned him the rank of Brigadier General and authority to 
organize an independent corps of cavalry. Through his skilled leadership 
and cavalry tactics he became known as the ``Father of the American 
Cavalry.'' During the siege of Savannah, General Pulaski was mortally 
wounded, making the ultimate sacrifice for our country and the cause of 
freedom.
General Pulaski's life exemplifies the courage and determination of the 
many Polish immigrants who have helped make the United States the 
greatest Nation on Earth. On General Pulaski Memorial Day, we recognize 
our time-honored friendship with Poland, and we are reminded of the 
great price our forefathers paid so that we might live in liberty.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 11, 2008, as 
General Pulaski Memorial Day. I urge Americans to commemorate this 
occasion with appropriate activities and ceremonies honoring General 
Casimir Pulaski and all those who defend our freedom.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8307 of October 13, 2008

White Cane Safety Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Compassion is one of our Nation's defining values, and we must work to 
ensure that all Americans are able to participate fully in society. The 
white cane allows many of our citizens who are blind or visually 
impaired to enjoy increased mobility. On White Cane Safety Day, we 
celebrate the symbolism of the white cane and highlight the importance 
of ensuring that individuals who are blind or visually impaired can live 
independently and realize their full potential.
Through the New Freedom Initiative, my Administration has put into 
action our strong commitment to helping more individuals with 
disabilities participate in all aspects of life. Since 2001, this 
initiative has built on the progress of the Americans with Disabilities 
Act and helped create greater access to schools, the workplace, and 
community life. These efforts are helping to remove barriers and 
enabling more Americans to live with greater dignity and freedom.

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The Congress, by joint resolution approved on October 6, 1964 (Public 
Law 88-628), as amended, has designated October 15 of each year as 
``White Cane Safety Day.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 15, 2008, as White Cane Safety Day. 
I call upon public officials, business leaders, educators, librarians, 
and all the people of the United States to observe this day with 
appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirteenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8308 of October 16, 2008

National Character Counts Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The strength of our Nation is found in the character of our citizens. 
During National Character Counts Week, we recommit ourselves to 
instilling strong values in our youth and encourage all Americans to 
develop good character.
Parents and families can teach children the timeless principles of 
respect, responsibility, honesty, commitment, and compassion. In our 
communities, parents, mentors, clergy members, teachers, coaches, and 
neighbors serve as role models by dedicating their time and talents to 
help others. At home and abroad, members of our Armed Forces exemplify 
the true character of our Nation by bravely protecting our freedom and 
serving a cause greater than self.
The Helping America's Youth initiative, led by First Lady Laura Bush, 
connects young people with caring adults and community organizations 
that help them avoid risky behavior and achieve success. By becoming 
actively involved in the lives of children, we can help our young people 
make the right choices and lead lives of integrity and achievement.
National Character Counts Week is an opportunity for our citizens to 
reaffirm their responsibility to their communities and to recognize the 
importance of teaching strong values to our next generation of leaders. 
For more information on ways to set a positive example and make a 
lasting contribution to the future of our country, citizens can visit 
volunteer.gov.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 19 through October 
25, 2008, as National Character Counts Week. I call upon public 
officials, educators, librarians, parents, students, and all Americans 
to observe this week with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and 
programs.

[[Page 110]]

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8309 of October 16, 2008

National Forest Products Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Forest Products Week, we highlight our country's 
commitment to protect and wisely use America's forests for our Nation's 
prosperity and well-being.
Across our country, citizens rely on forest products to meet their daily 
needs. Our forests enable us to produce goods such as paper and 
furniture, provide raw materials such as lumber for homes and buildings, 
and offer job opportunities that bring economic security for many 
Americans.
My Administration is steadfast in its commitment to protect our forests 
from both manmade and natural harm. It is vital that we continue to make 
progress in conserving our natural resources and using them responsibly. 
Since 2002, we have worked to restore our forests and protected them 
against catastrophic fires as part of the Healthy Forests Initiative. 
Americans take great pride in our country's natural splendor, and by 
working together to be good stewards of the environment, we can leave 
our children and grandchildren a healthy and flourishing land.
Recognizing the importance of our forests in ensuring our Nation's well-
being, the Congress, by Public Law 86-753 (36 U.S.C. 123), as amended, 
has designated the week beginning on the third Sunday in October of each 
year as ``National Forest Products Week'' and has authorized and 
requested the President to issue a proclamation in observance of this 
week.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 19 through October 25, 2008, as 
National Forest Products Week. I call upon all Americans to observe this 
week with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8310 of October 23, 2008

United Nations Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On October 24, 1945, in the wake of the devastation left by World War 
II, the United Nations was formally established. Today, we recognize the 
many contributions of the United Nations and renew our commitment to its 
founding principles.
Sixty-three years ago, representatives from around the world completed 
the founding charter of the United Nations and pledged to reaffirm faith 
in fundamental human rights and to unite their strength to maintain 
international peace and security. It is vital that this noble pledge 
continue to guide the United Nations throughout the 21st century. By 
taking an unequivocal stand against terrorists, those who traffic in 
persons, and all who exploit the poor, the needy, and the marginalized, 
the United Nations can live up to the noble ideals of the Universal 
Declaration of Human Rights.
The United Nations is an organization with extraordinary potential for 
good works. On United Nation's Day, we recommit ourselves to reforming 
the U.N., ensuring the highest standards are upheld throughout the 
organization, and renewing the principals of its charter for the 21st 
century.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 24, 2008, as 
United Nations Day. I urge the Governors of the 50 States, the Governor 
of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the officials of other areas 
under the flag of the United States to observe United Nations Day with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day 
of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8311 of October 29, 2008

National Family Caregivers Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Family Caregivers Month we recognize and celebrate the 
many individuals throughout our country who work each day to ensure a 
better quality of life for their family members. Through their selfless 
action, these caregivers provide their loved ones support and comfort as 
they age, combat illness, or suffer from disability.
Our Nation is compassionate, and we believe in the sanctity of life at 
all stages. Through tireless efforts and inspiring deeds, many Americans 
care

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for loved ones in need. By acting as in-home care providers, people 
across our Nation are helping to ensure that their family members are 
provided with love, comfort, and security. My Administration has worked 
to offer caregivers support and training. In 2006, I signed the Lifespan 
Respite Care Act of 2006, which established a program to help family 
caregivers get access to affordable and high-quality respite care. In 
addition, the National Family Caregiver Support Program encourages 
cooperation among government agencies and other organizations that 
support and work with family caregivers.
National Family Caregivers Month is an opportunity to recognize those 
who serve a cause greater than self and contribute to the well-being of 
their loved ones. Family caregivers are soldiers in America's armies of 
compassion and set an inspiring example for their fellow citizens.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2008 as National 
Family Caregivers Month. I encourage all Americans to honor the selfless 
service of caregivers who support their loved ones in need.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8312 of October 29, 2008

National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, we recognize the 
dignity and courage of the men and women living with Alzheimer's 
disease. We also honor the devoted family members and caretakers who 
bring them love and comfort, and we underscore our dedication to finding 
a cure for this tragic disease.
Alzheimer's disease is a brain disorder that seriously impairs a 
person's ability to function normally. Age is the most important known 
risk factor, and scientists are studying the role that genetics, 
education, diet, and environment might play in the development of this 
debilitating disease. Through research supported by the National 
Institutes of Health and the Department of Veterans Affairs, we are 
learning more about the disease and enhancing the quality of life for 
those affected. In addition, the Department of Health and Human Services 
is improving the delivery of home and community-based services to people 
with Alzheimer's.
National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month is an opportunity to pay 
tribute to the courageous individuals facing this disease and remember 
the precious lives lost due to Alzheimer's. All Americans appreciate the 
strong

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support and dedication of the families, medical professionals, 
scientific researchers, and caregivers who are helping build a society 
that values the life and dignity of every person.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2008 as National 
Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month. I call upon the people of the 
United States to observe this month with appropriate programs and 
activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8313 of October 30, 2008

National American Indian Heritage Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National American Indian Heritage Month, we celebrate the rich 
ancestry of American Indians and Alaska Natives and recognize their many 
contributions to our national story.
Native Americans have enriched our heritage and added to all aspects of 
our society. Our country is blessed to have their character and 
strength, and we are especially grateful for the generations of Native 
Americans who have answered the call to defend our country. During World 
War II, these brave patriots used their native languages to create an 
unbreakable oral code. Today, that legacy continues as Native Americans 
work to advance freedom's cause.
My Administration remains committed to protecting tribal sovereignty and 
the right to self-determination and to working with tribes on a 
government-to-government basis. To help more Native Americans realize 
the dream of home ownership, I signed the Native American Housing 
Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008. For 
nearly eight years, we have also worked to strengthen educational 
opportunities for all Americans. In 2004, I issued an executive order to 
help Native American students fulfill the challenging standards of the 
No Child Left Behind Act. This order established the Interagency Working 
Group on American Indian and Alaska Native Education to improve 
educational programs consistent with tribal traditions, languages, and 
cultures. By setting high standards for academic achievement, we are 
enabling more Americans throughout our country to pursue their dreams. 
During this month, we honor our native peoples and recognize them for 
strengthening the diversity of our society.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2008 as National

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American Indian Heritage Month. I call upon all Americans to commemorate 
this month with appropriate programs and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8314 of October 30, 2008

National Diabetes Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Many Americans, of all ages and backgrounds, are affected by diabetes. 
National Diabetes Month is an opportunity to inform individuals about 
the risk factors, prevention, and treatment of this serious disease.
Diabetes is a debilitating disease that results from the body's 
inability to produce or use insulin effectively. Type 1 diabetes, once 
known as juvenile diabetes, usually affects children and young adults 
who are dependant on medication for their lack of insulin. The most 
common form of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes. Family history and lifestyle 
risk factors contribute to the possibility of developing Type 2 
diabetes. Regular physical activity, healthy eating habits, and 
consultation with a doctor can help prevent and reduce the effects of 
this disease.
My Administration is committed to preventing diabetes and finding a cure 
for this disease. We have provided substantial funding for diabetes 
education programs and research initiatives. Through the Department of 
Health and Human Services and other organizations, the National Diabetes 
Education Program is helping increase awareness among Americans about 
the risk factors of diabetes and the benefits of making healthy choices. 
Our Nation must continue to support initiatives that will help turn 
today's research opportunities into tomorrow's medical success stories.
During National Diabetes Month, we celebrate the medical professionals, 
researchers, and all those whose time, talents, and energy support the 
fight against diabetes. Through these efforts and enhanced public 
awareness of this serious disease, we will work to continue to bring the 
hope of a healthier future to more Americans.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2008 as National 
Diabetes Month. I call upon all Americans to learn more about the risk 
factors and symptoms associated with diabetes and to observe this month 
with appropriate programs and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

[[Page 115]]





Proclamation 8315 of October 31, 2008

National Adoption Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Adoption Month, we recognize the compassion of adoptive 
and foster families as we seek to raise awareness of the need for every 
child in America to have a safe, loving, and permanent home.
Adopting a child is a great joy and also a great responsibility. Parents 
are a child's first teachers, and adoptive families can help children 
learn character and values, the importance of giving back to their 
community and country, and the courage to realize their potential. On 
November 15, caring parents across our Nation will celebrate National 
Adoption Day by finalizing their adoptions and bringing home children in 
need of a hopeful life.
My Administration is committed to helping young people find the love, 
stability, and support that a family can provide. We have joined with 
community and faith-based organizations to raise public awareness of 
foster children awaiting adoption. With the help of the Congress, we are 
assisting families in overcoming the financial barriers to adopting 
children through programs such as the Adoption Incentives Program. In 
addition, the Collaboration to AdoptUsKids project, which can be found 
at adoptuskids.org, provides guidance and resources for parents 
exploring adoption.
During National Adoption Month, we honor adoptive and foster parents who 
have shown America the depth and kindness of the human heart. Their love 
and dedication inspire the next generation of Americans to achieve their 
dreams and demonstrate the true spirit of our Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2008 as National 
Adoption Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this month with 
appropriate programs and activities to honor adoptive families and to 
participate in efforts to find permanent homes for waiting children.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8316 of October 31, 2008

National Hospice Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Hospice Month, we honor the dedicated health care 
professionals and volunteers who help the terminally ill spend their 
final days

[[Page 116]]

in comfort and with dignity. Hospice care providers and other 
compassionate individuals are a constant reminder that the greatness of 
America lies in the hearts and souls of its citizens.
Americans believe that every person has matchless value throughout all 
of life's stages. Hospice physicians, nurses, counselors, and volunteers 
put this belief into action by using their talents and energy to care 
for those who are terminally ill and by providing support and comfort to 
their loved ones. As an alternative to traditional services, hospice 
care frequently provides assistance in the home so that patients can be 
surrounded by family and friends. Hospice counselors offer guidance to 
patients, as well as to those close to them, as they deal with grief, 
anxiety, and other end-of-life issues. Through these and countless other 
acts of compassion, our Nation's hospice caregivers lift up souls, offer 
peace of mind, and strengthen America's culture of life.
Throughout National Hospice Month, we recognize hospice care 
professionals and volunteers for their selfless efforts to provide 
physical, psychological, and spiritual assistance to terminally ill 
patients and their families.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2008 as National 
Hospice Month. I encourage all Americans to observe this month with 
appropriate programs and activities. I also ask Americans to recognize 
our health care professionals and volunteers for their contributions to 
helping provide comfort and care to those facing terminal illness.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8317 of October 31, 2008

Veterans Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Veterans Day, we pay tribute to the service and sacrifice of the men 
and women who in defense of our freedom have bravely worn the uniform of 
the United States.
From the fields and forests of war-torn Europe to the jungles of 
Southeast Asia, from the deserts of Iraq to the mountains of 
Afghanistan, brave patriots have protected our Nation's ideals, rescued 
millions from tyranny, and helped spread freedom around the globe. 
America's veterans answered the call when asked to protect our Nation 
from some of the most brutal and ruthless tyrants, terrorists, and 
militaries the world has ever known. They stood tall in the face of 
grave danger and enabled our Nation to become the greatest force for 
freedom in human history. Members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, 
and Coast Guard have answered a high calling to serve and have helped 
secure America at every turn.

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Our country is forever indebted to our veterans for their quiet courage 
and exemplary service. We also remember and honor those who laid down 
their lives in freedom's defense. These brave men and women made the 
ultimate sacrifice for our benefit. On Veterans Day, we remember these 
heroes for their valor, their loyalty, and their dedication. Their 
selfless sacrifices continue to inspire us today as we work to advance 
peace and extend freedom around the world.
With respect for and in recognition of the contributions our service 
members have made to the cause of peace and freedom around the world, 
the Congress has provided (5 U.S.C. 6103(a)) that November 11 of each 
year shall be set aside as a legal public holiday to honor America's 
veterans.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim November 11, 2008, as Veterans Day and urge 
all Americans to observe November 9 through November 15, 2008, as 
National Veterans Awareness Week. I encourage all Americans to recognize 
the bravery and sacrifice of our veterans through ceremonies and 
prayers. I call upon Federal, State, and local officials to display the 
flag of the United States and to support and participate in patriotic 
activities in their communities. I invite civic and fraternal 
organizations, places of worship, schools, businesses, unions, and the 
media to support this national observance with commemorative expressions 
and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8318 of November 7, 2008

World Freedom Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On World Freedom Day, we celebrate the anniversary of the historic fall 
of the Berlin Wall and honor the brave citizens of East and West Germany 
who helped secure freedom and liberty for future generations.
The Berlin Wall stood as a barrier that isolated the victims of imperial 
Communism and totalitarian power from the promise of the free world. 
Standing in the presence of the wall, with an unshakable belief in the 
power of liberty, President Ronald Reagan issued a resounding challenge 
on behalf of the free and the unfree alike: ``Mr. Gorbachev, tear down 
this wall.'' On November 9, 1989, the citizens of East Germany finally 
triumphed over their Communist oppressors, and the Berlin Wall came 
tumbling down. As the hope of freedom spread, the Soviet empire 
collapsed, the Iron Curtain was lifted, and Eastern and Central Europe 
were liberated from decades of cruel tyranny.
The Cold War demonstrated once again that freedom is precious and cannot 
be taken for granted, that evil is real and must be confronted, and that 
if they are allowed to do so, harsh rulers will subjugate others in the 
name

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of hateful ideologies. History has also proven that the transformative 
power of liberty overcomes this oppression. Today, many former Communist 
countries are using their sovereignty to aid the rise of other young 
democracies and to shine the light of conscience on human rights abuses. 
Our belief in the universality of freedom is challenged time and again, 
but we continue to go forward with confidence that free nations will 
always prevail over the enemies of liberty, peace, and justice.
On World Freedom Day, we are reminded that injustice overseas can 
threaten our way of life at home, and we renew our commitment to helping 
those who suffer under the weight of oppression.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 9, 2008, as World 
Freedom Day. I call upon the people of the United States to observe this 
day with appropriate ceremonies and activities, reaffirming our 
dedication to freedom and democracy.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8319 of November 14, 2008

America Recycles Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On America Recycles Day, we highlight the importance of recycling as a 
way to safeguard and protect the environment and preserve our precious 
natural resources.
We live in a country of splendor and beauty, and no matter which State 
each of us calls home, we all have a responsibility to practice good 
environmental stewardship. It is in our Nation's best interest that 
government, businesses, community organizations, and individuals work 
together to conserve our natural resources. The Environmental Protection 
Agency, through its Resource Conservation Challenge, is encouraging 
communities to increase recycling collection. Through the Plug-In To 
eCycling Campaign, we are working to make it easier for Americans to 
donate or safely recycle old electronics, including TVs, computers, and 
cell phones. By recycling we can strengthen local economies, reduce 
greenhouse gases, conserve natural resources, and save landfill space. 
Using our resources wisely, we can make our communities more livable and 
our world a cleaner place for our children and grandchildren.
On this day, we remember our opportunity to preserve the great American 
landscape through recycling. By continuing to work together, we can 
maintain and enjoy the beauty of our land for generations to come.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 15, 2008, as 
America Recycles Day. I call upon the people of the United States to 
observe this day with appropriate programs and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8320 of November 19, 2008

National Farm-City Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Farmers and ranchers display the values of hard work and good 
stewardship, and National Farm-City Week is an opportunity to recognize 
these individuals and their urban partners for contributing to our 
Nation's well-being.
Farming, America's first industry, helps feed and clothe our citizens 
and increasingly provides more of our energy. The agricultural sector 
also employs more than a million people across our Nation. Farming has 
been a cornerstone of our country since its founding and continues to be 
a vital part of our economy.
Our farmers and ranchers provide a safe, healthy, and abundant food 
supply, yet they could not succeed in doing so without essential 
partnerships with urban communities to supply, sell, and deliver 
finished products across our country and around the world. These 
cooperative efforts help to create a prosperous future for our citizens 
and people everywhere.
Since 2001, my Administration has been committed to strengthening our 
agricultural sector, and we have worked to create an environment that 
will stimulate growth by opening new markets, encouraging free and fair 
trade, and keeping taxes low. As we celebrate this week, we recognize 
the vital work of farmers and ranchers, and we pay tribute to all those 
who strengthen the relationships between our rural and urban 
communities.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 21 through 
November 27, 2008, as National Farm-City Week. I encourage all Americans 
to join in recognizing farmers, ranchers, and all those who contribute 
to the strength of America's agricultural industry.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this nineteenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8321 of November 20, 2008

National Family Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Family Week, we reflect on the important values and 
character that families instill in their children and in our society.
Families offer a stable and nurturing environment for children by 
providing support and comfort. A child's parents, siblings, 
grandparents, aunts and uncles, and other family members show them love 
and teach them right from wrong. Strong families set a positive example 
and help young people grow into compassionate and responsible citizens.
My Administration believes families strengthen our communities and help 
shape the character and future of our Nation. Over the years, we have 
demonstrated our deeply held commitment to supporting America's families 
by signing laws that respect the sanctity of life, lower taxes, double 
the child tax credit, reduce the marriage penalty, and empower parents 
to make choices about their children's education. In addition, the 
Helping America's Youth initiative, led by First Lady Laura Bush, is 
dedicated to raising awareness about the importance of positive youth 
development by keeping children connected to family, school, and 
community.
National Family Week is also a time to show our appreciation to our 
Nation's military families. We recognize their sacrifices, and we pray 
for their loved ones in the Armed Forces who are laying a foundation of 
peace for future generations. We owe a debt of gratitude to the brave 
men and women who have answered the call to serve our country and their 
families who support them.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 23 through 
November 29, 2008, as National Family Week. I invite the States, 
communities, and all the people of the United States to join together in 
observing this week with appropriate ceremonies and activities to honor 
our Nation's families.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twentieth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8322 of November 21, 2008

Thanksgiving Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Thanksgiving is a time for families and friends to gather together and 
express gratitude for all that we have been given, the freedoms we 
enjoy, and the loved ones who enrich our lives. We recognize that all of 
these blessings, and life itself, come not from the hand of man but from 
Almighty God.
Every Thanksgiving, we remember the story of the Pilgrims who came to 
America in search of religious freedom and a better life. Having arrived 
in the New World, these early settlers gave thanks to the Author of Life 
for granting them safe passage to this abundant land and protecting them 
through a bitter winter. Our Nation's first President, George 
Washington, stated in the first Thanksgiving proclamation that ``It is 
the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, 
to obey His will, to be grateful for His benefits, and humbly to implore 
His protection and favor.'' While in the midst of the Civil War, 
President Abraham Lincoln revived the tradition of proclaiming a day of 
thanksgiving, asking God to heal our wounds and restore our country.
Today, as we look back on the beginnings of our democracy, Americans 
recall that we live in a land of many blessings where every person has 
the right to live, work, and worship in freedom. Our Nation is 
especially thankful for the brave men and women of our Armed Forces who 
protect these rights while setting aside their own comfort and safety. 
Their courage keeps us free, their sacrifice makes us grateful, and 
their character makes us proud. Especially during the holidays, our 
whole country keeps them and their families in our thoughts and prayers. 
Americans are also mindful of the need to share our gifts with others, 
and our Nation is moved to compassionate action. We pay tribute to all 
caring citizens who reach out a helping hand and serve a cause larger 
than themselves.
On this day, let us all give thanks to God who blessed our Nation's 
first days and who blesses us today. May He continue to guide and watch 
over our families and our country always.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 27, 2008, as a 
National Day of Thanksgiving. I encourage all Americans to gather 
together in their homes and places of worship with family, friends, and 
loved ones to strengthen the ties that bind us and give thanks for the 
freedoms and many blessings we enjoy.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-first day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8323 of November 25, 2008

To Provide for Duty-Free Treatment Under the Earned Import Allowance 
Program, and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

 1. Section 404 of the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States 
Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``CAFTA-DR Act''), as added 
by section 2 of Public Law 110-436, 122 Stat. 4976, provides for 
preferential tariff treatment of eligible apparel articles wholly 
assembled in an eligible country and imported directly from an eligible 
country, if such articles are accompanied by an earned import allowance 
certificate issued under a program established by the Secretary of 
Commerce.
 2. Section 404(e)(1) of the CAFTA-DR Act, as amended, provides that the 
program providing this preferential treatment shall be in effect for the 
10-year period beginning on the date on which the President certifies to 
the appropriate congressional committees that sections A, B, C, and D of 
the Annex to Presidential Proclamation 8213 of December 20, 2007, have 
taken effect.
 3. On August 7, 2008, the United States Trade Representative (USTR) 
published a notice in the Federal Register (73 FR 46057) announcing that 
August 15, 2008, would be the effective date for sections A, B, C, and D 
of the Annex to Presidential Proclamation 8213.
 4. I have determined, and hereby certify, that the provisions of 
Proclamation 8213 referenced in section 404(e)(1) of the CAFTA-DR Act, 
as amended, have taken effect.
 5. Section 6002 of the Africa Investment Incentive Act of 2006 
(division D, title VI of Public Law 109-432) (the ``2006 Act'') amended 
section 112(c) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) (19 
U.S.C. 3721(c)) to modify the preferential tariff treatment accorded to 
designated lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries.
 6. Pursuant to section 6002 of the 2006 Act, in Proclamation 8114 of 
March 19, 2007, I proclaimed modifications to the Harmonized Tariff 
Schedule of the United States (HTS) to provide the tariff treatment 
authorized by the 2006 Act. The HTS provisions proclaimed in 
Proclamation 8114 were modified by Proclamation 8157 of June 28, 2007, 
and Proclamation 8240 of April 17, 2008, to provide the tariff treatment 
authorized by the 2006 Act.
 7. Section 3 of Public Law 110-436 amends section 112(c) of the AGOA to 
modify the tariff treatment applicable to lesser developed beneficiary 
sub-Saharan African countries, and to provide that Mauritius is to be 
treated as a lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African country 
for purposes of the AGOA.
 8. Accordingly, in order to reflect the amendments to section 112(c) of 
the AGOA, I have determined that it is appropriate to modify the HTS to 
reflect the tariff treatment provided to lesser developed beneficiary 
sub-Saharan African countries and to provide that Mauritius is to be 
treated as a

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lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of 
the AGOA.
 9. Section 203(e)(1)(A)(i) of the Andean Trade Preference Act, as 
amended (ATPA) (19 U.S.C. 3202(e)(1)(A)(i)), authorizes the President to 
withdraw or suspend the designation of any country as a beneficiary 
country for purposes of the ATPA if, after such designation, the 
President determines that as a result of changed circumstances such 
country should be barred from designation as a beneficiary country.
10. Section 3103 of the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act 
(Title XXXI of the Trade Act of 2002, Public Law 107-210) (ATPDEA) 
amended section 203(e)(1) of the ATPA (19 U.S.C. 3202(e)(1)) by adding a 
new subparagraph (B)(i) authorizing the President to withdraw or suspend 
the designation of any country as a beneficiary country for purposes of 
the ATPDEA if, after such designation, the President determines that, as 
a result of changed circumstances, the performance of such country is 
not satisfactory under the eligibility criteria set forth in section 
204(b)(6)(B) of the ATPA, as amended (19 U.S.C. 3203(b)(6)(B)).
 11. Section 203(e)(2)(A) of the ATPA, as amended (19 U.S.C. 
3202(e)(2)(A)) requires the President to publish notice of the action he 
proposes to take at least 30 days before taking action under section 
203(e)(1) (19 U.S.C. 3202(e)(1)).
 12. On October 1, 2008, the USTR, at my direction, published a notice 
in the Federal Register (73 FR 57158) announcing that I proposed to 
suspend the designation of Bolivia as a beneficiary country for purposes 
of the ATPA and the ATPDEA based on Bolivia's failure to satisfy the 
eligibility criteria set forth in section 203(d)(11) and section 
204(b)(6)(B)(v) of the ATPA, as amended (19 U.S.C. 3202(d)(11), 
3203(b)(6)(B)(v)).
 13. I have determined that Bolivia no longer satisfies the eligibility 
criterion in section 203(d)(11) of the ATPA, as amended. Therefore, 
pursuant to section 203(e)(1)(A)(i) of the ATPA, I have determined that, 
as a result of this changed circumstance, Bolivia's designation as an 
ATPA beneficiary country should be suspended.
 14. I have determined that Bolivia is no longer performing 
satisfactorily under the eligibility criterion in section 
204(b)(6)(B)(v) of the ATPA, as amended. Therefore, pursuant to section 
203(e)(1)(B)(i) of the ATPA, I have determined that, as a result of this 
changed circumstance, Bolivia's designation as an ATPDEA beneficiary 
country should be suspended.
 15. Presidential Proclamation 6641 of December 15, 1993, implemented 
the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with respect to the 
United States and, pursuant to the North American Free Trade Agreement 
Implementation Act (Public Law 103-182) (the ``NAFTA Implementation 
Act''), incorporated in the HTS the tariff modifications and rules of 
origin necessary or appropriate to carry out the NAFTA.
 16. Section 202 of the NAFTA Implementation Act (19 U.S.C. 3332) 
provides rules for determining whether goods imported into the United 
States originate in the territory of a NAFTA country and thus are 
eligible for the tariff and other treatment contemplated under the 
NAFTA. Section 202(q) of the NAFTA Implementation Act (19 U.S.C. 
3332(q)) authorizes the President to proclaim, as a part of the HTS, the 
rules of origin set out in the NAFTA, and to proclaim modifications to 
such previously proclaimed

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rules of origin, subject to the consultation and layover requirements of 
section 103(a) of the NAFTA Implementation Act (19 U.S.C. 3313(a)).
 17. The United States and Canada have agreed to modify certain NAFTA 
rules of origin and to apply the modified rules to their bilateral 
trade. It is therefore necessary to modify the NAFTA rules of origin set 
out in Proclamation 6641.
 18. Section 1230 of the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (Public 
Law 109-432) temporarily modified the rate of duty on triphenyl 
phosphine. Modifications to the HTS are necessary to provide the 
intended tariff treatment.
19. Presidential Proclamation 7011 of June 30, 1997, implemented the 
World Trade Organization Ministerial Declaration on Trade in Information 
Technology Products for the United States. Annex 1 to that proclamation 
failed to include certain products. Technical corrections and conforming 
changes to the HTS are necessary to provide the intended tariff 
treatment for those products.
 20. Section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2483) 
(the ``1974 Act''), authorizes the President to embody in the HTS the 
substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or other acts affecting 
import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including section 404 of the 
CAFTA-DR Act, as amended, section 104 of the AGOA, section 202 of the 
NAFTA Implementation Act, section 203 of the ATPA, as amended, section 
604 of the 1974 Act, and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, do 
proclaim that:
(1) In order to provide the tariff treatment for eligible articles 
provided for in section 404 of the CAFTA-DR Act, as added by Public Law 
110-436, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex A to this 
proclamation.
 (2) In order to reflect changes to the tariff treatment for certain 
apparel products under the AGOA, U.S. note 5 to subchapter XIX of 
chapter 98 of the HTS, subheadings 9819.15.10 through 9819.15.42, 
inclusive, and the superior text thereto are deleted from the HTS, 
effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse 
for consumption, on or after October 31, 2008.
(3) For purposes of section 112(c) of the AGOA, as amended, Mauritius is 
included as a lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African country 
effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse 
for consumption, on or after October 31, 2008.
 (4) The designation of Bolivia as a beneficiary country for purposes of 
the ATPA and ATPDEA is suspended effective on December 15, 2008. 
Accordingly, effective on that date, general note 11(a) to the HTS is 
modified by deleting ``Bolivia'' from the list of ATPA beneficiary 
countries. Further, general note 11(d) to the HTS is modified by 
deleting ``Bolivia'' from the list of ATPDEA beneficiary countries. In 
addition, U.S. note 1 to subchapter XXII of chapter 98 of the HTS is 
modified by removing ``Bolivia'' from the list of ATPDEA beneficiary 
countries.

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(5) In order to modify the rules of origin under the NAFTA, general note 
12 to the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex B to this proclamation.
(6) (a) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex A to this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to articles entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the date set forth 
in Annex A.
     (b) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex B to this 
proclamation shall enter into effect on the date that the USTR announces 
in a notice published in the Federal Register that Canada has completed 
its applicable domestic procedures to give effect to corresponding 
modifications to be applied to goods of the United States and shall be 
effective with respect to goods of Canada entered, or withdrawn from 
warehouse for consumption, on or after the date indicated in the notice.
(7) In order to provide the intended tariff treatment to triphenyl 
phosphine and to correct the error identified in paragraph 19, the HTS 
is modified as provided in Annex C to this proclamation.
(8) The modifications to the HTS made in Annex C to this proclamation 
shall be effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from 
warehouse for consumption, on or after the date set out in that Annex.
(9) The USTR shall notify the Congress of this proclamation and my 
certification as provided in section 404(e) of the CAFTA-DR Act, as 
amended.
(10) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day 
of November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8324 of November 26, 2008

National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month, we 
underscore our commitment to raising awareness about the tragedies that 
often result from driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Nearly 13,000 Americans died last year as a result of drunk driving. 
During the holidays, people are more likely to drive in an impaired 
state, and in order to better protect our citizens this holiday season, 
we must educate all Americans about the seriousness of this offense and 
its devastating consequences. Individuals across America can help 
prevent drunk and drugged driving by making responsible choices, 
identifying sober designated drivers, and educating young people about 
ways to avoid drunk and drugged driving. All Americans can work together 
to make our roads safer and help save lives by preventing others from 
driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs.
My Administration is committed to keeping our citizens safe from drunk 
and drugged drivers this holiday season. The National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration (NHTSA) is raising public awareness through 
advertising, urging the increased use of ignition interlocks, and 
encouraging greater law enforcement presence. The NHTSA has extended 
their ``Drunk Driving. Over the Limit. Under Arrest.'' campaign through 
the holiday season, and we must continue to be vigilant in stopping 
impaired driving throughout the year. In addition, the Office of 
National Drug Control Policy is working hard to ensure that our law 
enforcement officers have the tools they need to detect when drivers are 
under the influence of drugs.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 2008 as National 
Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month. I encourage all Americans to 
help keep our Nation's roads safe by making responsible choices and 
taking appropriate measures to prevent drunk and drugged driving.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8325 of November 26, 2008

World AIDS Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As Americans, we believe in the inherent dignity and value of every man, 
woman, and child. On World AIDS Day, we recommit ourselves to the global 
challenge of combating the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and to showing our 
compassion for those affected here at home and around the world.
The fight against HIV/AIDS is a noble and necessary battle. As part of 
this fight, in 2003 my Administration launched the President's Emergency 
Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Through this program, the United States 
has partnered with other countries, local communities, and faith-based 
organizations around the world to support HIV/AIDS treatment, care, and 
prevention activities. In July 2008, we worked with the Congress to 
reauthorize this important program for another 5 years.
PEPFAR is the largest international commitment in history by any nation 
to combat a single disease, and so far the results are promising. PEPFAR 
has supported care for millions of people around the world. We have also 
made great strides in the fight against HIV/AIDS through PEPFAR's 
commitment to evidence-based prevention interventions, including the ABC 
approach: abstinence, be faithful, and correct and consistent condom 
use. PEPFAR is spreading hope around the world by saving lives and 
showing the good heart of our Nation.
To advance our domestic battle against HIV/AIDS, we must continue to 
research and develop new methods of treatment and prevention. In 2006, 
the Congress reauthorized the Ryan White CARE Act. This legislation also 
focuses on life-saving and life-extending services, increased 
accountability for funding, and supports HIV testing to prevent the 
further spread of this disease.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 1, 2008, as World 
AIDS Day. On this day and throughout the year, the red ribbon is a 
symbol that helps raise awareness of the importance of fighting against 
HIV/AIDS. Again this year, the White House will display the red ribbon 
from the North Portico to represent America's commitment to this 
struggle. I urge the Governors of the States and the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, officials of the other territories subject to the 
jurisdiction of the United States, and the American people to join me in 
appropriate activities to remember those who have lost their lives to 
AIDS and provide support and comfort to those living with this disease.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8326 of December 5, 2008

National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

 On National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, we mourn the more than 2,400 
Americans whose lives were lost in the surprise attack on our homeland 
that changed the course of history. Their service and sacrifice and the 
service and sacrifice of all our World War II veterans will be forever 
honored on this day by the citizens of a free and grateful Nation.
 On December 7, 1941, the enemy nearly destroyed our Pacific Fleet, and 
the United States was forced into a long and terrible war. A generation 
of Americans stepped forward to fight for our country. Their message to 
America's enemies was clear: If you attack this country and harm our 
people, there is no corner of the Earth remote enough to protect you 
from the reach of our Nation's Armed Forces.
 Following the war the United States worked to make our most bitter 
enemies into our closest friends through the transformative power of 
freedom. The joys of liberty are often secured by the sacrifices of 
those who serve a cause greater than self. To honor and recognize the 
sacrifice of our Armed Forces, I have designated nine sites as the World 
War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. This monument will 
preserve our history and help share this heritage with future 
generations. On this anniversary, we honor the heroes who risked and 
lost their lives for our security and freedom. Their selfless dedication 
exemplifies the great character of America and continues to inspire our 
Nation.
 The Congress, by Public Law 103-308, as amended, has designated 
December 7 of each year as ``National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.''
 NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim December 7, 2008, as National Pearl Harbor 
Remembrance Day. I encourage all Americans to observe this solemn 
occasion with appropriate ceremonies and activities. I urge all Federal 
agencies and interested organizations, groups, and individuals to fly 
the flag of the United States at half-staff this December 7 in honor of 
those who died as a result of their service at Pearl Harbor.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8327 of December 5, 2008

Establishment of the World War II Valor In the Pacific National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Beginning at Pearl Harbor with the day of infamy that saw the sinking of 
the USS ARIZONA and ending on the deck of the USS MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay, 
many of the key battles of World War II were waged on and near American 
shores and throughout the Pacific. We must always remember the debt we 
owe to the members of the Greatest Generation for our liberty. Their 
gift is an enduring peace that transformed enemies into steadfast allies 
in the cause of democracy and freedom around the globe.
Americans will never forget the harrowing sacrifices made in the Pacific 
by soldiers and civilians that began at dawn on December 7, 1941, at 
Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu. The surprise attack killed more than 
2,000 American military personnel and dozens of civilians and thrust the 
United States fully into World War II.
America responded and mobilized our forces to fight side-by-side with 
our allies in the European, Atlantic, and Pacific theaters. The United 
States Navy engaged in epic sea battles, such as Midway, and our Armed 
Forces fought extraordinary land battles for the possession of occupied 
islands. These battles led to significant loss of life for both sides, 
as well as for the island's native peoples. Battlegrounds such as 
Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Saipan, Guam, Peleliu, the Philippines, Iwo Jima, 
and Okinawa are remembered for the heroic sacrifices and valor displayed 
there.
The conflict raged as far north as the Alaskan territory. The United 
States ultimately won the encounter in the Aleutian Island chain but not 
without protracted and costly battles.
There were also sacrifices on the home front. Tens of millions of 
Americans rallied to support the war effort, often at great personal 
cost. Men and women of all backgrounds were called upon as industrial 
workers, volunteers, and civil servants. Many Americans valiantly 
supported the war effort even as they struggled for their own civil 
rights.
In commemoration of this pivotal period in our Nation's history, the 
World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument adds nine historic 
sites to our national heritage of monuments and memorials representing 
various aspects of the war in the Pacific.
Five of those sites are in the Pearl Harbor area, which is the home of 
both the USS ARIZONA and the USS MISSOURI--milestones of the Pacific 
campaign that mark the beginning and the end of the war. The sites in 
this area include: the USS ARIZONA Memorial and Visitor Center, the USS 
UTAH Memorial, the USS OKLAHOMA Memorial, the six Chief Petty Officer 
Bungalows on Ford Island, and mooring quays F6, F7, and F8, which 
constituted part of Battleship Row. The USS ARIZONA and USS UTAH vessels 
will not be designated as part of the national monument, but instead 
will be retained by the Department of Defense (through the Department of 
the Navy) as the final resting place for those entombed there.

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Three sites are located in Alaska's Aleutian Islands. The first is the 
crash site of a Consolidated B-24D Liberator bomber--an aircraft of a 
type that played a highly significant role in World War II--located on 
Atka Island. The second is the site of Imperial Japan's occupation of 
Kiska Island, beginning in June 1942, which marks the northern limit of 
Imperial Japan's expansion in the Pacific. The Kiska site includes 
historic relics such as Imperial Japanese coastal and antiaircraft 
defenses, camps, roads, an airfield, a submarine base, a seaplane base, 
and other installations, as well as the remains of Allied defenses, 
including runway facilities and gun batteries.
The third Aleutian designation is on Attu Island, the site of the only 
land battle fought in North America during World War II. It still 
retains the scars of the battle: thousands of shell and bomb craters in 
the tundra; Japanese trenches, foxholes, and gun encampments; American 
ammunition magazines and dumps; and spent cartridges, shrapnel, and 
shells located at the scenes of heavy fighting. Attu later served as a 
base for bombing missions against Japanese holdings.
The last of the nine designations will bring increased understanding of 
the high price paid by some Americans on the home front. The Tule Lake 
Segregation Center National Historic Landmark and nearby Camp Tule Lake 
in California were both used to house Japanese-Americans relocated from 
the west coast of the United States. They encompass the original 
segregation center's stockade, the War Relocation Authority Motor Pool, 
the Post Engineer's Yard and Motor Pool, a small part of the Military 
Police Compound, several historic structures used by internees and 
prisoners of war at Camp Tule Lake, and the sprawling landscape that 
forms the historic setting.
WHEREAS much of the Federal property within the World War II Valor in 
the Pacific National Monument is easily accessible to visitors from 
around the world;
WHEREAS the Secretary of the Interior should be authorized and directed 
to interpret the broader story of World War II in the Pacific in 
partnership with the Department of Defense, the States of Hawaii, 
Alaska, and California, and other governmental and non-profit 
organizations;
WHEREAS the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument will 
promote understanding of related resources, encourage continuing 
research, present interpretive opportunities and programs for visitors 
to better understand and honor the sacrifices borne by the Greatest 
Generation, and tell the story from Pearl Harbor to Peace;
WHEREAS section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 
431) (the ``Antiquities Act'') authorizes the President, in his 
discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, 
historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or 
scientific interest that are situated upon lands owned or controlled by 
the Government of the United States to be national monuments, and to 
reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all 
cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper 
care and management of the objects to be protected;
WHEREAS it is in the public interest to preserve the areas described 
above and on the attached maps as the World War II Valor in the Pacific 
National Monument;

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 2 of the Act of June 
8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431), do proclaim that there are hereby 
set apart and reserved as the World War II Valor in the Pacific National 
Monument for the purpose of protecting the objects described above, all 
lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the Government of 
the United States within the boundaries described on the accompanying 
maps, which are attached and form a part of this proclamation. The 
Federal lands and interests in land reserved consist of approximately 
6,310 acres, which is the smallest area compatible with the proper care 
and management of the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of this 
monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, 
location, selection, sale, leasing, or other disposition under the 
public land laws, including, but not limited to, withdrawal from 
location, entry, and patent under mining laws, and from disposition 
under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing.
Management of the National Monument 
The Secretary of the Interior shall manage the monument through the 
National Park Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, pursuant 
to applicable legal authorities, to implement the purposes of this 
proclamation. The National Park Service shall generally administer the 
national monument, except that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service shall 
administer the portions of the national monument that are within a 
national wildlife refuge. The National Park Service and the U.S. Fish 
and Wildlife Service may prepare an agreement to share, consistent with 
applicable laws, whatever resources are necessary to properly manage the 
monument.
For the purposes of preserving, interpreting, and enhancing public 
understanding and appreciation of the national monument and the broader 
story of World War II in the Pacific, the Secretary of the Interior, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall prepare a management 
plan within 3 years of the date of this proclamation.
The Secretary of the Interior shall have management responsibility for 
the monument sites and facilities in Hawaii within the boundaries 
designated on the accompanying maps to the extent necessary to implement 
this proclamation, including the responsibility to maintain and repair 
the Chief Petty Officer Bungalows and other monument facilities. The 
Department of Defense may retain the authority to control access to 
those sites. The Department of the Interior through the National Park 
Service and the Department of the Navy may execute an agreement to 
provide for the operational needs and responsibilities of each 
Department in implementing this proclamation.
Armed Forces Actions 
1. The prohibitions required by this proclamation shall not restrict 
activities and exercises of the Armed Forces (including those carried 
out by the United States Coast Guard).
2. All activities and exercises of the Armed Forces shall be carried out 
in a manner that avoids, to the extent practicable and consistent with 
operational requirements, adverse impacts on monument resources and 
qualities.

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3. In the event of threatened or actual destruction of, loss of, or 
injury to a monument resource or quality resulting from an incident, 
including but not limited to spills and groundings, caused by a 
component of the Department of Defense or any other Federal agency, the 
cognizant component shall promptly coordinate with the Secretary of the 
Interior for the purpose of taking appropriate actions to respond to and 
mitigate the harm and, if possible, restore or replace the monument 
resource or quality.
4. Nothing in this proclamation or any regulation implementing it shall 
limit or otherwise affect the Armed Forces' discretion to use, maintain, 
improve, or manage any real property under the administrative control of 
a Military Department or otherwise limit the availability of such real 
property for military mission purposes.
The establishment of this monument is subject to valid existing rights.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the national 
monument shall be the dominant reservation.
Nothing in this proclamation shall alter the authority of any Federal 
agency to take action in the monument area where otherwise authorized 
under applicable legal authorities, except as provided by this 
proclamation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument and not to 
locate or settle upon any lands thereof.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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Proclamation 8328 of December 8, 2008

Human Rights Day, Bill of Rights Day, and Human Rights Week, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The United States was founded on the principle that government must 
respect people's rights to speak freely, worship as they choose, and 
pursue their dreams in liberty. As we remember the enduring importance 
of our Constitution's Bill of Rights, our thoughts turn to those who 
have yet to secure these precious liberties. During Human Rights Day, 
Bill of Rights Day, and Human Rights Week, Americans celebrate the 
rights bestowed upon all by our Creator and reaffirm our deep commitment 
to helping those whose desire for liberty and justice is still dismissed 
and denied.
In a free society, every person is treated with dignity and can rise as 
high as their talents and hard work will take them. Yet in countries 
like Belarus, Burma, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria, and 
Zimbabwe, fervent pleas for freedom are silenced by tyranny and 
oppression. So long as there are people who fight for liberty, the 
United States will stand with them and speak out for those who have no 
other voice.
Freedom is the eternal birthright of all mankind, and during Human 
Rights Day, Bill of Rights Day, and Human Rights Week, we renew our 
commitment to lead the cause of human rights and pray for the day when 
the light of liberty will shine on all of humanity.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 10, 2008, as 
Human Rights Day; December 15, 2008, as Bill of Rights Day; and the week 
beginning December 10, 2008, as Human Rights Week. I call upon the 
people of the United States to mark these observances with appropriate 
ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8329 of December 16, 2008

Wright Brothers Day, 2008

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our history is rich with pioneers and innovators who used their God-
given talents to improve our Nation and the world. On Wright Brothers 
Day, we commemorate two brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright, who took 
great risks and ushered in a new era of travel and discovery.

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With intrepid spirits and a passion for innovation, Orville and Wilbur 
Wright became the first to experience the thrill of manned, powered 
flight. On December 17, 1903, Orville Wright flew for 12 seconds over 
the North Carolina sand dunes in the presence of only five people. In 
the span of one lifetime, our Nation has seen aviation progress from the 
first tentative takeoff at Kitty Hawk to an age of supersonic flight and 
space exploration.
On this Wright Brothers Day, we recognize all those who have taken great 
risks and contributed to our country's legacy of exploration and 
discovery. This year, we also celebrate the centennial of the world's 
first passenger flight. By remaining dedicated to extending the 
frontiers of knowledge, we can ensure that the United States will 
continue to lead the world in science, innovation, and technology, and 
build a better future for generations to come.
The Congress, by a joint resolution approved December 17, 1963, as 
amended (77 Stat. 402; 36 U.S.C. 143), has designated December 17 of 
each year as ``Wright Brothers Day'' and has authorized and requested 
the President to issue annually a proclamation inviting the people of 
the United States to observe that day with appropriate ceremonies and 
activities.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim December 17, 2008, as Wright Brothers Day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8330 of December 19, 2008

To Take Certain Actions Under the African Growth and Opportunity Act and 
the Generalized System of Preferences

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

 1. Section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the ``1974 
Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(1)), as added by section 111(a) of the 
African Growth and Opportunity Act (title I of Public Law 106-200) 
(AGOA), authorizes the President to designate a country listed in 
section 107 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3706) as a beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African country if the President determines that the country meets the 
eligibility requirements set forth in section 104 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 
3703) and the eligibility criteria set forth in section 502 of the 1974 
Act (19 U.S.C. 2462).
 2. Section 104 of the AGOA authorizes the President to designate a 
country listed in section 107 of the AGOA as an eligible sub-Saharan 
African country if the President determines that the country meets 
certain eligibility requirements.
 3. Section 112(c) of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3721(c)), as added by section 
6002(a) of the Africa Investment Incentive Act of 2006 (division D, 
title VI

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of Public Law 109-432), provides special rules for certain apparel 
articles imported from lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African 
countries.
 4. In Proclamation 8157 of June 28, 2007, I designated the Islamic 
Republic of Mauritania (Mauritania) as an eligible sub-Saharan African 
country and a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country pursuant to 
section 104 of the AGOA and section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act and 
provided that it would be considered a lesser developed beneficiary sub-
Saharan African country for purposes of section 112(c) of the AGOA.
5. Section 506A(a)(3) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(3)) authorizes 
the President to terminate the designation of a country as a beneficiary 
sub-Saharan African country for purposes of section 506A if he 
determines that the country is not making continual progress in meeting 
the requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act.
 6. Pursuant to section 506A(a)(3) of the 1974 Act, I have determined 
that Mauritania is not making continual progress in meeting the 
requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act. 
Accordingly, I have decided to terminate the designation of Mauritania 
as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of section 
506A of the 1974 Act, effective on January 1, 2009.
 7. Pursuant to sections 501 and 502(a) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2461, 
2462(a)), the President is authorized to designate countries as 
beneficiary developing countries for purposes of the Generalized System 
of Preferences (GSP) program.
 8. Pursuant to section 502(a)(1) of the 1974 Act, and having considered 
the factors set forth in sections 501 and 502(c) (19 U.S.C. 2462(c)), I 
have determined that the Republic of Kosovo (Kosovo) should be 
designated as a beneficiary developing country for purposes of the GSP 
program.
 9. Pursuant to section 502 of the 1974 Act, and having considered the 
factors set forth in sections 501 and 502(c), I have determined that the 
Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan) should be designated as a 
beneficiary developing country for purposes of the GSP program.
10. Section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2483), as amended, authorizes 
the President to embody in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States (HTS) the substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or other 
acts affecting import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder.
 NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, including but not limited to section 104 
of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3703), and title V and section 604 of the 1974 
Act (19 U.S.C. 2461-67, 2483), do proclaim that:
(1) The designation of Mauritania as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African 
country for purposes of section 506A of the 1974 Act is terminated, 
effective on January 1, 2009.
 (2) In order to reflect in the HTS that beginning on January 1, 2009, 
Mauritania shall no longer be designated as a beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African country, general note 16(a) to the HTS is modified by deleting 
``Islamic Republic of Mauritania'' from the list of beneficiary sub-
Saharan African countries.

[[Page 146]]

 (3) Kosovo is designated as a beneficiary developing country for 
purposes of the GSP program.
 (4) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 4(a) 
to the HTS is modified by adding in alphabetical order ``Kosovo,'' 
effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse 
for consumption, on or after February 1, 2009.
 (5) Azerbaijan is designated as a beneficiary developing country for 
purposes of the GSP program.
(6) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 4(a) 
to the HTS is modified by adding in alphabetical order ``Azerbaijan,'' 
effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse 
for consumption, on or after February 1, 2009.
 (7) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this nineteenth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8331 of December 23, 2008

To Implement the Dominican Republic-Central America- United States Free 
Trade Agreement With Respect to Costa Rica and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. On August 5, 2004, the United States entered into the Dominican 
Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (the 
``Agreement'') with Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, 
Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua (the ``Agreement countries''). The 
Agreement was approved by the Congress in section 101(a) of the 
Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement 
Implementation Act (the ``Act'') (19 U.S.C. 4011).
2. The Parties to the Agreement entered into an amendment of the 
Agreement on July 27, August 6, and August 14, 2007 (the ``Amendment''). 
The Amendment provides for temporary duty-free treatment for certain 
goods of Costa Rica. The terms of the Amendment with respect to Costa 
Rica are contained in letters of understanding described in section 
1634(b)(2) of the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-280, 
120 Stat. 780).
3. Section 201(a)(1) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 4031(a)(1)) authorizes the 
President to proclaim such modifications or continuation of any duty, 
such continuation of duty free or excise treatment, or such additional 
duties, as the President determines to be necessary or appropriate to 
carry out or apply Articles 3.3 and 3.27, and Annexes 3.3 (including the 
schedule of United

[[Page 147]]

States duty reductions with respect to originating goods) and 3.27 of 
the Agreement.
4. Consistent with section 201(a)(2) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 4031(a)(2)), 
each Agreement country is to be removed from the enumeration of 
designated beneficiary developing countries eligible for the benefits of 
the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) on the date the Agreement 
enters into force with respect to that country.
5. Consistent with section 201(a)(3) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 4031(a)(3)), 
each Agreement country is to be removed from the enumeration of 
designated beneficiary countries under the Caribbean Basin Economic 
Recovery Act (CBERA) (19 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.) on the date the Agreement 
enters into force with respect to that country, subject to the 
exceptions set out in section 201(a)(3)(B) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 
4031(a)(3)(B)).
6. Consistent with section 213(b)(5)(D) of the CBERA (19 U.S.C. 
2703(b)(5)(D)), as amended by the United States-Caribbean Basin Trade 
Partnership Act (CBTPA) (Public Law 106-200), each Agreement country is 
to be removed from the enumeration of designated CBTPA beneficiary 
countries on the date the Agreement enters into force with respect to 
that country.
7. Section 201(b) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 4031(b)) authorizes the 
President, subject to the consultation and layover requirements of 
section 104(a) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 4014(a)), to proclaim such 
modifications or continuation of any duty, such modifications as the 
United States may agree to with an Agreement country regarding the 
staging of any duty treatment set forth in Annex 3.3 of the Agreement, 
such continuation of duty-free or excise treatment, or such additional 
duties, as the President determines to be necessary or appropriate to 
maintain the general level of reciprocal and mutually advantageous 
concessions provided for by the Agreement. The consultation and layover 
requirements of section 104(a) of the Act have been satisfied with 
respect to providing temporary duty free treatment for certain goods of 
Costa Rica as set forth in the Amendment.
8. Pursuant to section 201(b) of the Act, I have determined that the 
modifications herein proclaimed of duties on goods of Costa Rica are 
necessary or appropriate to maintain the general level of reciprocal and 
mutually advantageous concessions with respect to Costa Rica provided 
for by the Agreement.
9. In Proclamation 8095 of December 29, 2006, consistent with the 
authority set out in section 111(b) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act 
(19 U.S.C. 3521(b)), I modified the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the 
United States (HTS) to implement the multilateral agreement negotiated 
under the auspices of the World Trade Organization to eliminate tariffs 
on certain pharmaceutical products and chemical intermediates. I have 
determined that technical corrections to the pharmaceuticals annex to 
the HTS are necessary to ensure that certain products receive the 
intended duty treatment.
10. Section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974 (the ``1974 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
2483), as amended, authorizes the President to embody in the HTS the 
substance of relevant provisions of that Act, and of other Acts 
affecting import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution

[[Page 148]]

and the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited 
to section 201 of the Act and section 604 of the 1974 Act, and the Act 
having taken effect pursuant to section 107, do proclaim that:
(1) In order to provide generally for the preferential tariff treatment 
being accorded to Costa Rica under the Agreement, as amended, to provide 
certain other treatment to originating goods for the purposes of the 
Agreement, to provide tariff-rate quotas with respect to certain goods, 
to reflect the removal of Costa Rica from the enumeration of designated 
beneficiary developing countries for purposes of the GSP, to reflect the 
removal of Costa Rica from the enumeration of designated beneficiary 
countries for purposes of the CBERA and the CBTPA, and to make technical 
and conforming changes in the general notes to the HTS, the HTS is 
modified as set forth in Annexes I and II of Publication 4038 of the 
United States International Trade Commission, entitled Modifications to 
the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States to Implement the 
Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement 
With Respect to Costa Rica (Publication 4038), which is incorporated by 
reference into this proclamation.
(2) In order to make technical corrections necessary to provide the 
intended duty treatment to certain pharmaceutical products and chemical 
intermediaries, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex III of 
Publication 4038.
(3) The amendments to the HTS made by paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to goods entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the relevant dates 
indicated in Annex I, II, or III of Publication 4038.
(4) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this proclamation, this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to goods entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after January 1, 2009.
(5) Any provisions of previous proclamations and executive orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8332 of December 29, 2008

To Implement the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. On January 19, 2006, the United States entered into the United 
States-Oman Free Trade Agreement (the ``Agreement''). The Congress 
approved

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the Agreement in section 101(a) of the United States-Oman Free Trade 
Agreement Implementation Act (the ``Implementation Act'') (Public Law 
109-283, 120 Stat. 1191) (19 U.S.C. 3805 note).
2. Section 105(a) of the Implementation Act authorizes the President to 
establish or designate within the Department of Commerce an office that 
shall be responsible for providing administrative assistance to panels 
established under chapter 20 of the Agreement.
3. Section 201 of the Implementation Act authorizes the President to 
proclaim such modifications or continuation of any duty, such 
continuation of duty-free or excise treatment, or such additional 
duties, as the President determines to be necessary or appropriate to 
carry out or apply Articles 2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 3.2.8, and 3.2.9, and the 
schedule of duty reductions with respect to Oman set forth in Annex 2-B 
of the Agreement.
4. Consistent with section 201(a)(2) of the Implementation Act, Oman is 
to be removed from the enumeration of designated beneficiary developing 
countries eligible for the benefits of the Generalized System of 
Preferences (GSP) on the date the Agreement entered into force. Further, 
consistent with section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the 
``1974 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2483), I have determined that other technical 
and conforming changes to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States (HTS) are necessary to reflect that Oman is no longer eligible to 
receive the benefits of the GSP.
5. Section 202 of the Implementation Act sets forth certain rules for 
determining whether a good is an originating good for the purpose of 
implementing preferential tariff treatment provided for under the 
Agreement. I have decided that it is necessary to include these rules of 
origin, together with particular rules applicable to certain other 
goods, in the HTS.
6. Section 204 of the Implementation Act authorizes the President to 
take certain enforcement actions relating to trade with Oman in textile 
and apparel goods.
7. Subtitle B of title III of the Implementation Act authorizes the 
President to take certain actions in response to a request by an 
interested party for relief from serious damage or actual threat thereof 
to a domestic industry producing certain textile or apparel articles.
8. Executive Order 11651 of March 3, 1972, as amended, established the 
Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), 
consisting of representatives of the Departments of State, the Treasury, 
Commerce and Labor, and the Office of the United States Trade 
Representative, with the representative of the Department of Commerce as 
Chairman, to supervise the implementation of textile trade agreements. 
Consistent with section 301 of title 3, United States Code, when 
carrying out functions vested in the President by statute and assigned 
by the President to CITA, the officials collectively exercising those 
functions are all to be officers required to be appointed by the 
President with the advice and consent of the Senate.
9. Section 604 of the 1974 Act, as amended, authorizes the President to 
embody in the HTS the substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or 
other Acts affecting import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder, 
including the removal, modification, continuance, or imposition of any 
rate of duty or other import restriction.

[[Page 150]]

NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
section 604 of the 1974 Act; sections 105(a), 201, 202, and 204, and 
subtitle B of title III, of the Implementation Act; and section 301 of 
title 3, United States Code, and having made the determination under 
section 101(b) of the Implementation Act necessary for the exchange of 
notes, do hereby proclaim:
(1) In order to provide generally for the preferential tariff treatment 
being accorded under the Agreement, to set forth rules for determining 
whether goods imported into the customs territory of the United States 
are eligible for preferential tariff treatment under the Agreement, to 
provide certain other treatment to originating goods of Oman for the 
purposes of the Agreement, to provide tariff-rate quotas with respect to 
certain originating goods of Oman, to reflect Oman's removal from the 
enumeration of designated beneficiary developing countries for purposes 
of the GSP, and to make technical and conforming changes in the general 
notes to the HTS, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex I of 
Publication 4050 of the United States International Trade Commission, 
entitled, Modifications to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Implementing the United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement 
(Publication 4050), which is incorporated by reference into this 
proclamation.
(2) In order to implement the initial stage of duty elimination provided 
for in the Agreement and to provide for future staged reductions in 
duties for originating goods of Oman for purposes of the Agreement, the 
HTS is modified as provided in Annex II of Publication 4050, effective 
on the dates specified in the relevant sections of such publication and 
on any subsequent dates set forth for such duty reductions in that 
publication.
(3) The amendments to the HTS made by paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to goods entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the relevant dates 
indicated in Annex II of Publication 4050.
(4) The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to exercise my authority 
under section 105(a) of the Implementation Act to establish or designate 
an office within the Department of Commerce to carry out the functions 
set forth in that section.
(5) The CITA is authorized to exercise my authority under section 204 of 
the Implementation Act to exclude textile and apparel goods from the 
customs territory of the United States; to determine whether an 
enterprise's production of, and capability to produce, goods are 
consistent with statements by the enterprise; to find that an enterprise 
has knowingly or willfully engaged in circumvention; and to deny 
preferential tariff treatment to textile and apparel goods.
(6) The CITA is authorized to exercise the functions of the President 
under subtitle B of title III of the Implementation Act to review 
requests, and to determine whether to commence consideration of such 
requests; to cause to be published in the Federal Register a notice of 
commencement of consideration of a request and notice seeking public 
comment thereon; to determine whether imports of an Omani textile or 
apparel article are causing serious damage, or actual threat thereof, to 
a domestic industry producing an article that is like, or directly 
competitive with, the imported article;

[[Page 151]]

and to provide relief from imports of an article that is the subject of 
such a determination.
(7) All provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day 
of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8333 of December 30, 2008

National Mentoring Month, 2009

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

 During National Mentoring Month, we recognize the millions of 
individuals who dedicate themselves to making a difference in the lives 
of others, and we underscore our commitment to supporting these soldiers 
in America's armies of compassion.
 Every day across our great Nation, men and women of many different 
backgrounds work to inspire our next generation of leaders. By sharing 
their time and experiences, mentors help instill important values that 
encourage America's youth to set high goals and achieve their dreams. 
Mentors demonstrate that the strength of our Nation lies in the hearts 
and souls of our citizens and that a positive influence in someone's 
life helps them secure a more hopeful future.
 My Administration has been committed to building a culture of service, 
citizenship, and responsibility. Through the Mentoring Children of 
Prisoners program, volunteers help provide consistent guidance and 
support so that these children can lead lives of opportunity and 
achievement. The USA Freedom Corps is strengthening mentoring 
opportunities in America and spreading a message of hope across our 
Nation. The Helping America's Youth initiative, led by First Lady Laura 
Bush, motivates caring adults to connect with youth to help them to grow 
up to be responsible and successful adults. By working together, we can 
enrich the lives of our next generation and continue a legacy of 
kindness and encouragement.
 I appreciate our Nation's mentors and all those who contribute to their 
community by helping to change a child's life. For more information on 
volunteering to be a mentor, visit volunteer.gov. During National 
Mentoring Month, we honor the many Americans who have touched the lives 
of others with their compassion, and we reflect on their efforts toward 
building a stronger and brighter future for all.
 NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 2009 as National

[[Page 152]]

Mentoring Month. I call upon the people of the United States to 
recognize the importance of mentoring, to look for opportunities to 
serve as mentors in their communities, and to observe this month with 
appropriate activities and programs.
 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH




Proclamation 8334 of December 31, 2008

To Extend Duty-Free Treatment for Certain Agricultural Products of 
Israel and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. On April 22, 1985, the United States and Israel entered into the 
Agreement on the Establishment of a Free Trade Area between the 
Government of the United States of America and the Government of Israel 
(USIFTA), which the Congress approved in the United States-Israel Free 
Trade Area Implementation Act of 1985 (the ``USIFTA Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
2112 note).
2. In order to maintain the general level of reciprocal and mutually 
advantageous concessions with respect to agricultural trade with Israel, 
on July 27, 2004, the United States entered into an agreement with 
Israel concerning certain aspects of trade in agricultural products 
during the period January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2008 (the ``2004 
Agreement''). The 2004 Agreement reflects an effort by the United States 
and Israel to address, through 2008, their continuing differences over 
the meaning of certain provisions in the USIFTA governing access for 
U.S. agricultural products to Israel's market.
3. Section 4(b) of the USIFTA Act provides that, whenever the President 
determines that it is necessary to maintain the general level of 
reciprocal and mutually advantageous concessions with respect to Israel 
provided for by the USIFTA, the President may proclaim such withdrawal, 
suspension, modification, or continuance of any duty, or such 
continuance of existing duty-free or excise treatment, or such 
additional duties as the President determines to be required or 
appropriate to carry out the USIFTA.
4. In Proclamation 7826 of October 4, 2004, consistent with the 2004 
Agreement, I proclaimed modifications to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule 
of the United States (HTS) to provide duty-free access into the United 
States through December 31, 2008, for specified quantities of certain 
agricultural products of Israel.
5. On December 10, 2008, the United States entered into an agreement 
with Israel to extend the period that the 2004 Agreement is in force 
through December 31, 2009, to allow additional time for the two 
governments to conclude an agreement to replace the 2004 Agreement.

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6. Pursuant to section 4(b) of the USIFTA Act, I have determined that it 
is necessary, in order to maintain the general level of reciprocal and 
mutually advantageous concessions with respect to Israel provided for by 
the USIFTA, to provide duty-free access into the United States through 
the close of December 31, 2009, for specified quantities of certain 
agricultural products of Israel.
7. On June 6, 2003, the United States and Chile entered into the United 
States-Chile Free Trade Agreement (USCFTA). The Congress approved the 
USCFTA in section 101(a) of the United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement 
Implementation Act (the ``USCFTA Act'') (19 U.S.C. 3805 note). In 
Proclamation 7746 of December 30, 2003, I proclaimed the tariff 
treatment called for under the USCFTA.
8. Section 201(b) of the USCFTA Act authorizes the President, subject to 
the consultation and layover requirements of section 103(a) of the 
USCFTA Act, to proclaim such modifications to the staging of duty 
treatment set forth in Annex 3.3 of the USCFTA as the United States may 
agree to with Chile, as the President determines to be necessary or 
appropriate to maintain the general level of reciprocal and mutually 
advantageous concessions with respect to Chile provided for by the 
USCFTA.
9. On November 26, 2008, the United States entered into an agreement 
with Chile that includes an accelerated schedule of duty elimination 
under the USCFTA for specific originating goods of Chile. The 
consultation and layover requirements of section 103(a) of the USCFTA 
Act with respect to the accelerated schedule of duty elimination were 
satisfied as of November 8, 2008.
10. Pursuant to section 201(b) of the USCFTA Act, I have determined that 
modifications hereinafter proclaimed of rates of duties on originating 
goods of Chile are necessary or appropriate to maintain the general 
level of reciprocal and mutually advantageous concessions with respect 
to Chile provided for by the USCFTA and to carry out the agreement with 
Chile on an accelerated schedule of duty elimination for specific 
originating goods of Chile.
11. On May 18, 2004, the United States and Australia entered into the 
United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement (USAFTA). The Congress 
approved the USAFTA in section 101(a) of the United States-Australia 
Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USAFTA Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
3805 note). In Proclamation 7857 of December 20, 2004, I proclaimed the 
rules of origin called for under the USAFTA.
12. Section 203(o) of the USAFTA Act authorizes the President, subject 
to the consultation and layover requirements of section 104 of the 
USAFTA Act, to proclaim such modifications to the rules of origin as are 
necessary to implement an agreement with Australia pursuant to article 
4.2.5 of the USAFTA.
13. On October 10, 2008, the United States entered into an agreement 
with Australia pursuant to article 4.2.5 of the USAFTA to amend the 
USAFTA rule of origin for certain yarns of viscose rayon fiber. The 
consultation and layover requirements of section 104 of the USAFTA Act 
with respect to the proposed modification of the USAFTA rules of origin 
were satisfied as of December 24, 2008.

[[Page 154]]

14. Section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the ``1974 Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 2483), authorizes the President to embody in the HTS the 
substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or other acts affecting 
import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including section 4 of the 
USIFTA Act, section 201(b) of the USCFTA Act, section 203(o) of the 
USAFTA Act, section 604 of the 1974 Act, and section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code, do proclaim that:
(1) In order to implement U.S. tariff commitments under the 2004 
Agreement through December 31, 2009, the HTS is modified as provided in 
Annex I to this proclamation.
(2)(a) The modifications to the HTS made by Annex I to this proclamation 
shall be effective with respect to goods that are the product of Israel 
and are entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or 
after January 1, 2009.

 (b) The provisions of subchapter VIII of chapter 99 of the HTS, as 
modified by Annex I to this proclamation, shall continue in effect through 
December 31, 2009.

(3) In order to provide for an accelerated schedule of duty elimination 
for specific originating goods of Chile, the tariff treatment set forth 
in the HTS is modified as provided in Annex II to this proclamation.
(4) The modifications made to the HTS by Annex II to this proclamation 
shall be effective with respect to goods entered, or withdrawn from 
warehouse for consumption, on or after January 1, 2009.
(5) In order to implement the agreement with Australia to change the 
USAFTA rules of origin for certain yarns of viscose rayon fiber, the HTS 
is modified as provided in Annex III to this proclamation.
(6) The modifications made to the HTS by Annex III to this proclamation 
shall enter into effect on the date that the United States Trade 
Representative announces in a notice published in the Federal Register 
that Australia has completed its applicable domestic procedures to give 
effect to the agreement to change the USAFTA rules of origin for certain 
yarns of viscose rayon fiber and shall be effective with respect to 
originating goods of Australia entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for 
consumption, on or after the date indicated in the notice.
(7) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand eight, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-
third.
GEORGE W. BUSH

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________________________________________________________________________


                            EXECUTIVE ORDERS


________________________________________________________________________






Executive Order 13454 of January 4, 2008

Adjustments of Certain Rates of Pay

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the laws cited herein, 
it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Statutory Pay Systems. The rates of basic pay or salaries of 
the statutory pay systems (as defined in 5 U.S.C. 5302(1)), as adjusted 
under 5 U.S.C. 5303(a), are set forth on the schedules attached hereto 
and made a part hereof:
(a) The General Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5332(a)) at Schedule 1;
(b) The Foreign Service Schedule (22 U.S.C. 3963) at Schedule 2; and
(c) The schedules for the Veterans Health Administration of the 
Department of Veterans Affairs (38 U.S.C. 7306, 7404; section 301(a) of 
Public Law 102-40) at Schedule 3.
Sec. 2. Senior Executive Service. The ranges of rates of basic pay for 
senior executives in the Senior Executive Service, as established 
pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 5382, are set forth on Schedule 4 attached hereto 
and made a part hereof.
Sec. 3. Certain Executive, Legislative and Judicial Salaries. The rates 
of basic pay or salaries for the following offices and positions are set 
forth on the schedules attached hereto and made a part hereof:
(a) The Executive Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5312-5318) at Schedule 5;
(b) The Vice President (3 U.S.C. 104) and the Congress (2 U.S.C. 31) at 
Schedule 6; and
(c) Justices and judges (28 U.S.C. 5, 44(d), 135, 252, and 461(a), 
section 140 of Public Law 97-92, and section 305 of Division D of the 
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008), at Schedule 7.
Sec. 4. Uniformed Services. The rates of monthly basic pay (37 U.S.C. 
203(a)) for members of the uniformed services, as adjusted under 37 
U.S.C. 1009, and the rate of monthly cadet or midshipman pay (37 U.S.C. 
203(c)) are set forth on Schedule 8 attached hereto and made a part 
hereof.
Sec. 5. Locality-Based Comparability Payments.

[[Page 158]]

(a) Pursuant to section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, and section 
740 of Division D of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008, 
locality-based comparability payments shall be paid in accordance with 
Schedule 9 attached hereto and made a part hereof.
(b) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall take such 
actions as may be necessary to implement these payments and to publish 
appropriate notice of such payments in the Federal Register.
Sec. 6. Administrative Law Judges. The rates of basic pay for 
administrative law judges, as adjusted under 5 U.S.C. 5372(b)(4), are 
set forth on Schedule 10 attached hereto and made a part hereof.
Sec. 7. Effective Dates. Schedule 8 is effective on January 1, 2008. The 
other schedules contained herein are effective on the first day of the 
first applicable pay period beginning on or after January 1, 2008.
Sec. 8. Prior Order Superseded. Executive Order 13420 of December 21, 
2006, is superseded.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    January 4, 2008.

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Executive Order 13455 of January 22, 2008

Establishing the President's Advisory Council on Financial Literacy

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America and to promote and enhance 
financial literacy among the American people, it is hereby ordered as 
follows:
Section 1. Policy. To help keep America competitive and assist the 
American people in understanding and addressing financial matters, it is 
the policy of the Federal Government to encourage financial literacy 
among the American people.
Sec. 2. Establishment of the Council. There is established within the 
Department of the Treasury the President's Advisory Council on Financial 
Literacy (Council).
Sec. 3. Membership and Operation of the Council. (a) The Council shall 
consist of 19 members appointed by the President from among individuals 
not employed by the Federal Government, consistent with subsection (b) 
of this section.
(b) In selecting individuals for appointment to the Council, appropriate 
consideration should be given to selection of individuals with 
backgrounds as providers of, consumers of, promoters of access to, and 
educators with respect to financial education and financial services. 
Each individual member of the Council will serve as a representative of 
his or her industry, trade group, public interest group, or other 
organization or group. The composition of the Council will reflect the 
views of diverse stakeholders.
(c) The President shall designate a Chair and a Vice Chair from among 
the members of the Council.
(d) Subject to the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury 
(Secretary), the Chair shall convene and preside at meetings of the 
Council, determine its agenda, direct its work, and, as appropriate to 
deal with particular subject matters, establish and direct the work of 
subgroups of the Council that shall consist exclusively of members of 
the Council.
(e) The Vice Chair shall perform:

(i) the duties of the Chair when the position of Chair is vacant; and

(ii) such other functions as the Chair may from time to time assign.

Sec. 4. Functions of the Council. To assist in implementing the policy 
set forth in section 1 of this order, the Council shall:
(a) obtain information and advice concerning financial literacy as 
appropriate in the course of its work from:

(i) officers and employees of executive departments and agencies (including 
members of the Financial Literacy and Education Commission), unless 
otherwise directed by the head of the department or agency;

(ii) State, local, territorial, and tribal officials;

(iii) providers of, consumers of, promoters of access to, and educators 
with respect to financial services;

[[Page 170]]

(iv) experts on matters relating to the policy set forth in section 1; and

(v) such other individuals as the Secretary may direct;

(b) advise the President and the Secretary consistent with this order on 
means to implement effectively the policy set forth in section 1, 
including by providing advice on means to:

(i) improve financial education efforts for youth in school and for adults 
in the workplace;

(ii) promote effective access to financial services, especially for those 
without access to such services;

(iii) establish effective measures of national financial literacy;

(iv) conduct research on financial knowledge, including the collection of 
data on the extent of financial knowledge of individuals; and

(v) strengthen and coordinate public and private sector financial education 
programs; and

(c) periodically report to the President, through the Secretary, on:

(i) the status of financial literacy in the United States;

(ii) progress made in implementing the policy set forth in section 1 of 
this order; and

(iii) recommendations on means to further implement the policy set forth in 
section 1 of this order, including with respect to the matters set forth in 
subsection (b)(i) through (v) of this section.

Sec. 5. Administration of the Council. (a) To the extent permitted by 
law, the Department of the Treasury shall provide funding and 
administrative support for the Council, as determined by the Secretary, 
to implement this order.
(b) The heads of executive departments and agencies shall provide, as 
appropriate and to the extent permitted by law, such assistance and 
information to the Council as the Secretary may request to implement 
this order.
(c) Members of the Council:

(i) shall serve without any compensation for their work on the Council; and

(ii) while engaged in the work of the Council, may be allowed travel 
expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by law 
for persons serving intermittently in the Government (5 U.S.C. 5701-5707), 
consistent with the availability of funds.

(d) The Secretary shall designate an officer or employee of the United 
States within the Department of the Treasury to serve as an Executive 
Director to supervise the administrative support for the Council.
Sec. 6. Termination of the Council. Unless extended by the President, 
the Council shall terminate 2 years from the date of this order.
Sec. 7. General Provisions. (a) Insofar as the Federal Advisory 
Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. App.) (Act), may apply to the 
Council, any functions of the President under the Act, except for those 
in section 6 of the Act, shall be performed by the Secretary in 
accordance with the guidelines issued by the Administrator of General 
Services.

[[Page 171]]

(b) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise 
affect:

(i) authority granted by law to a department or agency or the head thereof; 
or

(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(c) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and 
subject to the availability of appropriations.
(d) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    January 22, 2008.




Executive Order 13456 of January 23, 2008

Further Amendment of Executive Order 11858 Concerning Foreign Investment 
in the United States

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 721 of the 
Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended (50 U.S.C. App. 2170), and 
section 301 of title 3, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as 
follows:
Section 1. Amendment to Executive Order 11858. Executive Order 11858 of 
May 7, 1975, as amended, is further amended to read as follows:
    ``FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws 
of the United States of America, including section 721 of the Defense 
Production Act of 1950, as amended (50 U.S.C. App. 2170), and section 301 
of title 3, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Policy. International investment in the United States promotes 
economic growth, productivity, competitiveness, and job creation. It is the 
policy of the United States to support unequivocally such investment, 
consistent with the protection of the national security.

Sec. 2. Definitions. (a) The ``Act'' as used in this order means section 
721 of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended.

(b) Terms used in this order that are defined in subsection 721(a) of the 
Act shall have the same meaning in this order as they have in such 
subsection.

(c) ``Risk mitigation measure'' as used in this order means any provision 
of a risk mitigation agreement or a condition to which section 7 of this 
order refers.

Sec. 3. Establishment. (a) There is hereby established the Committee on 
Foreign Investment in the United States (the ``Committee'') as provided in 
the Act.

[[Page 172]]

(b) In addition to the members specified in the Act, the following heads of 
departments, agencies, or offices shall be members of the Committee:

(i) The United States Trade Representative;

(ii) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy; and

(iii) The heads of any other executive department, agency, or office, as 
the President or the Secretary of the Treasury determines appropriate, on a 
case-by-case basis.

(c) The following officials (or their designees) shall observe and, as 
appropriate, participate in and report to the President on the Committee's 
activities:

(i) The Director of the Office of Management and Budget;

(ii) The Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers;

(iii) The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs;

(iv) The Assistant to the President for Economic Policy; and

(v) The Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and 
Counterterrorism.

Sec. 4. Duties of the Secretary of the Treasury.

(a) The functions of the President under subsections (b)(1)(A) (relating to 
review and consideration after notification), (b)(1)(D) (relating to 
unilateral initiation of review and consideration), and (m)(3)(A) (relating 
to inclusion in annual report and designation) of the Act are assigned to 
the Secretary of the Treasury.

(b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall perform the function of issuance of 
regulations under section 721(h) of the Act. The Secretary shall consult 
the Committee with respect to such regulations prior to any notice and 
comment and prior to their issuance.

(c) Except as otherwise provided in the Act or this order, the chairperson 
shall have the authority, exclusive of the heads of departments or 
agencies, after consultation with the Committee:

(i) to act, or authorize others to act, on behalf of the Committee; and

(ii) to communicate on behalf of the Committee with the Congress and the 
public.

(d) The chairperson shall coordinate the preparation of and transmit the 
annual report to the Congress provided for in the Act and may assign to any 
member of the Committee, as the chairperson determines appropriate and 
consistent with the Act, responsibility for conducting studies and 
providing analyses necessary for the preparation of the report.

(e) After consultation with the Committee, the chairperson may request that 
the Director of National Intelligence begin preparing the analysis required 
by the Act at any time, including prior to acceptance of the notice of a 
transaction, in accordance with otherwise applicable law. The Director of 
National Intelligence shall provide the Director's analysis as soon as 
possible and consistent with section 721(b)(4) of the Act.

Sec. 5. Lead Agency. (a) The lead agency or agencies (``lead agency'') 
shall have primary responsibility, on behalf of the Committee, for the

[[Page 173]]

specific activity for which the Secretary of the Treasury designates it a 
lead agency.

(b) In acting on behalf of the Committee, the lead agency shall keep the 
Committee fully informed of its activities. In addition, the lead agency 
shall notify the chairperson of any material action that the lead agency 
proposes to take on behalf of the Committee, sufficiently in advance to 
allow adequate time for the chairperson to consult the Committee and 
provide the Committee's direction to the lead agency not to take, or to 
amend, such action.

Sec. 6. Reviews and Investigations.

(a) Any member of the Committee may conduct its own inquiry with respect to 
the potential national security risk posed by a transaction, but 
communication with the parties to a transaction shall occur through or in 
the presence of the lead agency, or the chairperson if no lead agency has 
been designated.

(b) The Committee shall undertake an investigation of a transaction in any 
case, in addition to the circumstances described in the Act, in which 
following a review a member of the Committee advises the chairperson that 
the member believes that the transaction threatens to impair the national 
security of the United States and that the threat has not been mitigated.

(c) The Committee shall send a report to the President requesting the 
President's decision with respect to a review or investigation of a 
transaction in the following circumstances:

(i) the Committee recommends that the President suspend or prohibit the 
transaction;

(ii) the Committee is unable to reach a decision on whether to recommend 
that the President suspend or prohibit the transaction; or

(iii) the Committee requests that the President make a determination with 
regard to the transaction.

(d) Upon completion of a review or investigation of a transaction, the lead 
agency shall prepare for the approval of the chairperson the appropriate 
certified notice or report to the Congress called for under the Act. The 
chairperson shall transmit such notice or report to the Congress, as 
appropriate.

Sec. 7. Risk Mitigation. (a) The Committee, or any lead agency acting on 
behalf of the Committee, may seek to mitigate any national security risk 
posed by a transaction that is not adequately addressed by other provisions 
of law by entering into a mitigation agreement with the parties to a 
transaction or by imposing conditions on such parties.

(b) Prior to the Committee or a department or agency proposing risk 
mitigation measures to the parties to a transaction, the department or 
agency seeking to propose any such measure shall prepare and provide to the 
Committee a written statement that: (1) identifies the national security 
risk posed by the transaction based on factors including the threat (taking 
into account the Director of National Intelligence's threat analysis), 
vulnerabilities, and potential consequences; and (2) sets forth the risk 
mitigation measures the department or agency believes are reasonably

[[Page 174]]

necessary to address the risk. If the Committee agrees that mitigation is 
appropriate and approves the risk mitigation measures, the lead agency 
shall seek to negotiate such measures with the parties to the transaction.

(c) A risk mitigation measure shall not, except in extraordinary 
circumstances, require that a party to a transaction recognize, state its 
intent to comply with, or consent to the exercise of any authorities under 
existing provisions of law.

(d) The lead agency designated for the purpose of monitoring a risk 
mitigation measure shall seek to ensure that adequate resources are 
available for such monitoring. When designating a lead agency for those 
purposes, the Secretary of the Treasury shall consider the agency's views 
on the adequacy of its resources for such purposes.

(e)(i) Nothing in this order shall be construed to limit the ability of a 
department or agency, in the exercise of authorities other than those 
provided under the Act, to:

(A) conduct inquiries with respect to a transaction;

(B) communicate with the parties to a transaction; or

(C) negotiate, enter into, impose, or enforce contractual provisions with 
the parties to a transaction.

(ii) A department or agency shall not condition actions or the exercise of 
authorities to which paragraph (i) of this subsection refers upon the 
exercise, or forbearance in the exercise, of its authority under the Act or 
this order, and no authority under the Act shall be available for the 
enforcement of such actions or authorities.

(f) The Committee may initiate a review of a transaction that has 
previously been reviewed by the Committee only in the extraordinary 
circumstances provided in the Act.

Sec. 8. Additional Assignments to the Committee. In addition to the 
functions assigned to the Committee by the Act, the Committee shall review 
the implementation of the Act and this order and report thereon from time 
to time to the President, together with such recommendations for policy, 
administrative, or legislative proposals as the Committee determines 
appropriate.

Sec. 9. Duties of the Secretary of Commerce. The Secretary of Commerce 
shall:

(a) obtain, consolidate, and analyze information on foreign investment in 
the United States;

(b) monitor and, where necessary, improve procedures for the collection and 
dissemination of information on foreign investment in the United States;

(c) prepare for the public, the President or heads of departments or 
agencies, as appropriate, reports, analyses of trends, and analyses of 
significant developments in appropriate categories of foreign investment in 
the United States; and

(d) compile and evaluate data on significant transactions involving foreign 
investment in the United States.

[[Page 175]]

Sec. 10. General Provisions. (a) The heads of departments and agencies 
shall provide, as appropriate and to the extent permitted by law, such 
information and assistance as the Committee may request to implement the 
Act and this order.

(b) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) authority granted by law to a department or agency or the head thereof;

(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals; or

(iii) existing mitigation agreements.

(c) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and 
subject to the availability of appropriations.

(d) Officers of the United States with authority or duties under the Act or 
this order shall ensure that, in carrying out the Act and this order, the 
actions of departments, agencies, and the Committee are consistent with the 
President's constitutional authority to: (i) conduct the foreign affairs of 
the United States; (ii) withhold information the disclosure of which could 
impair the foreign relations, the national security, the deliberative 
processes of the Executive, or the performance of the Executive's 
constitutional duties; (iii) recommend for congressional consideration such 
measures as the President may judge necessary and expedient; and (iv) 
supervise the unitary executive branch.

Sec. 11. Revocation. Section 801 of Executive Order 12919 of June 3, 1994, 
is revoked.''

Sec. 2. General Provision. This order is not intended to, and does not, 
create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at 
law or in equity, by any party against the United States, its 
departments, agencies or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, 
or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    January 23, 2008.




Executive Order 13457 of January 29, 2008

Protecting American Taxpayers From Government Spending on Wasteful 
Earmarks

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the Federal Government to be 
judicious in the expenditure of taxpayer dollars. To ensure the proper 
use of taxpayer funds that are appropriated for Government programs and 
purposes, it is necessary that the number and cost of earmarks be 
reduced, that their origin and purposes be transparent, and that they be 
included in the text of the bills voted upon by the Congress and 
presented to the President. For appropriations laws and other 
legislation enacted after the date of this

[[Page 176]]

order, executive agencies should not commit, obligate, or expend funds 
on the basis of earmarks included in any non-statutory source, including 
requests in reports of committees of the Congress or other congressional 
documents, or communications from or on behalf of Members of Congress, 
or any other non-statutory source, except when required by law or when 
an agency has itself determined a project, program, activity, grant, or 
other transaction to have merit under statutory criteria or other merit-
based decisionmaking.
Sec. 2. Duties of Agency Heads. (a) With respect to all appropriations 
laws and other legislation enacted after the date of this order, the 
head of each agency shall take all necessary steps to ensure that:

(i) agency decisions to commit, obligate, or expend funds for any earmark 
are based on the text of laws, and in particular, are not based on language 
in any report of a committee of Congress, joint explanatory statement of a 
committee of conference of the Congress, statement of managers concerning a 
bill in the Congress, or any other non-statutory statement or indication of 
views of the Congress, or a House, committee, Member, officer, or staff 
thereof;

(ii) agency decisions to commit, obligate, or expend funds for any earmark 
are based on authorized, transparent, statutory criteria and merit-based 
decision making, in the manner set forth in section II of OMB Memorandum M-
07-10, dated February 15, 2007, to the extent consistent with applicable 
law; and

(iii) no oral or written communications concerning earmarks shall supersede 
statutory criteria, competitive awards, or merit-based decisionmaking.

(b) An agency shall not consider the views of a House, committee, 
Member, officer, or staff of the Congress with respect to commitments, 
obligations, or expenditures to carry out any earmark unless such views 
are in writing, to facilitate consideration in accordance with section 
2(a)(ii) above. All written communications from the Congress, or a 
House, committee, Member, officer, or staff thereof, recommending that 
funds be committed, obligated, or expended on any earmark shall be made 
publicly available on the Internet by the receiving agency, not later 
than 30 days after receipt of such communication, unless otherwise 
specifically directed by the head of the agency, without delegation, 
after consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget, to preserve appropriate confidentiality between the executive 
and legislative branches.
(c) Heads of agencies shall otherwise implement within their respective 
agencies the policy set forth in section 1 of this order, consistent 
with such instructions as the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget may prescribe.
(d) The head of each agency shall upon request provide to the Director 
of the Office of Management and Budget information about earmarks and 
compliance with this order.
Sec. 3. Definitions. For purposes of this order:
(a) The term ``agency'' means an executive agency as defined in section 
105 of title 5, United States Code, and the United States Postal Service 
and the Postal Regulatory Commission, but shall exclude the Government 
Accountability Office; and

[[Page 177]]

(b) the term ``earmark'' means funds provided by the Congress for 
projects, programs, or grants where the purported congressional 
direction (whether in statutory text, report language, or other 
communication) circumvents otherwise applicable merit-based or 
competitive allocation processes, or specifies the location or 
recipient, or otherwise curtails the ability of the executive branch to 
manage its statutory and constitutional responsibilities pertaining to 
the funds allocation process.
Sec. 4. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) authority granted by law to an agency or the head thereof; or

(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented in a manner consistent with 
applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    January 29, 2008.




Executive Order 13458 of February 4, 2008

Implementation of the Protocol Additional to the Agreement Between the 
United States and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the 
Application of Safeguards in the United States of America

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the United States 
Additional Protocol Implementation Act (the ``Act'')(Public Law 109-401) 
and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and in order to 
facilitate implementation of the Act and the Protocol Additional to the 
Agreement between the United States and the International Atomic Energy 
Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the United States of America 
(the ``Additional Protocol''), it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. The Secretaries of State, Defense, Commerce, and Energy, the 
Attorney General, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and heads of such 
other agencies as appropriate, each shall issue, amend, or revise, and 
enforce such regulations, orders, directives, instructions, or 
procedures as are necessary to implement the Act and United States 
obligations under the Additional Protocol.
Sec. 2. The Secretary of Commerce, with the assistance, as necessary, of 
the Attorney General, is authorized to obtain and to execute warrants 
pursuant to section 223 of the Act for the purpose of gaining 
complementary access

[[Page 178]]

to locations subject to regulations issued by the Department of Commerce 
pursuant to section 1 of this order.
Sec. 3. The Secretaries of State, Defense, Commerce, and Energy, the 
Attorney General, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and heads of such 
other departments and agencies as appropriate, are authorized to carry 
out, consistent with the Act and in accordance with subsequent 
directives, appropriate functions that are not otherwise assigned in the 
Act and are necessary to implement the Act and United States obligations 
under the Additional Protocol. The Secretary of State shall perform the 
function of providing notifications or information to the Congress when 
required by the Act.
Sec. 4. This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
Sec. 5. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or 
any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    February 4, 2008.




Executive Order 13459 of February 7, 2008

Improving the Coordination and Effectiveness of Youth Programs

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, and in recognition of the 
successful interagency collaboration resulting from the Helping 
America's Youth initiative, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the Federal Government to promote 
achievement of positive results for at-risk youth through:
(a) enhanced collaboration among government organizations at the 
Federal, State, and local level, including with faith-based and other 
community organizations, as well as among families, schools, and 
communities, in order to leverage existing resources and improve 
outcomes;
(b) identification and dissemination of promising strategies and 
practices that have been proven effective through rigorous evaluation; 
and
(c) online publication of essential information to assist interested 
citizens and decision-makers, particularly at the community level, to 
plan, implement, and participate in effective programs for at-risk 
youth.
Sec. 2. Establishment of the Interagency Working Group on Youth 
Programs. The Secretary of Health and Human Services (Secretary) shall 
establish within the Department of Health and Human Services for 
administrative purposes only, an Interagency Working Group on Youth 
Programs (Working Group), consistent with this order and reflecting the 
ongoing interagency collaboration under the Helping America's Youth 
initiative.

[[Page 179]]

Sec. 3. Membership and Operation of the Working Group.
(a) The Working Group shall consist exclusively of the following members 
or their designees, who shall be full-time Federal officers or 
employees:

(i) the Secretary;

(ii) the Attorney General;

(iii) the Secretaries of Defense, the Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, 
Labor, Housing and Urban Development, and Education;

(iv) the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy;

(v) the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and 
Community Service; and

(vi) other officers or full-time or permanent part-time employees of the 
United States, as determined by the Secretary, with the concurrence of the 
head of the department or agency concerned.

(b) The Secretary (or the Secretary's designee) shall serve as Chair, 
and the Attorney General (or the Attorney General's designee) shall 
serve as Vice Chair, for a period of 2 years from the date of this 
order. Subsequent Chairs and Vice Chairs shall be designated by the 
Secretary on a biennial basis.
(c) In implementing this section, the Chair, and in the Chair's absence 
the Vice Chair, shall convene and preside at meetings of the Working 
Group, determine its agenda, direct its work, and establish and direct 
subgroups of the Working Group, as appropriate, to deal with particular 
subject matters, that shall consist exclusively of members of the 
Working Group or their designees. The Chair, after consultation with the 
Vice Chair, shall designate an officer or employee of one of the member 
departments or agencies to serve as the Executive Secretary of the 
Working Group. The Executive Secretary shall head any staff assigned to 
the Working Group and any subgroups thereof, and such staff shall 
consist exclusively of full-time or permanent part-time Federal 
employees.
Sec. 4. Functions of the Working Group. Consistent with the policy set 
forth in section 1 of this order, the Working Group shall:
(a) identify and engage key government and private or nonprofit 
organizations that can play a role in improving the coordination and 
effectiveness of programs serving and engaging youth, such as faith-
based and other community organizations, businesses, volunteers, and 
other key constituencies;
(b) develop a new Federal website on youth, built upon the Community 
Guide to Helping America's Youth, with the first phase of this website 
to be launched within 10 months of the date of this order, by:

(i) identifying and assessing the strengths and weaknesses of existing 
Federal websites focusing on youth-serving entities in order to improve 
access to the most useful content;

(ii) providing for training to youth-serving entities to enable effective 
use of the Federal website;

(iii) developing additional strategies and tools and resources accessible 
through the Federal website that will help promote effective community-
based efforts to reduce the factors that put youth at risk and the 
provision of high-quality services to at-risk youth across the country; and

[[Page 180]]

(iv) developing strategies to ensure that the Federal website is routinely 
updated, improved, and publicized;

(c) encourage all youth-serving Federal and State agencies, communities, 
grantees, and organizations to adopt high standards for assessing 
program results, including through the use of rigorous impact 
evaluations, as appropriate, so that the most effective practices can be 
identified and replicated, and ineffective or duplicative programs can 
be eliminated or reformed;
(d)(i) identify and promote initiatives and activities that merit strong 
interagency collaboration because of their potential to offer cost-
effective solutions to achieve better results for at-risk youth, 
including volunteer service in concert with the USA Freedom Corps and 
mentoring in concert with the Federal Mentoring Council; and,

(ii) encourage rigorous evaluations, as appropriate, of such initiatives 
and activities to ascertain their effectiveness in improving academic, 
employment, social, and other individual outcomes, and make these findings 
publicly available, and

(e) annually report to the President, through the Assistant to the 
President for Domestic Policy, on its work and on the implementation of 
any recommendations arising from its work, with the first such report to 
be submitted no later than 6 months after the date of this order.
Sec. 5. Administration of the Working Group. (a) The Secretary shall, to 
the extent permitted by law, provide administrative support and funding 
for the Working Group.
With the consent of the Secretary, other member departments or agencies 
may provide administrative support to the Working Group, to the extent 
permitted by law and consistent with their statutory authority.
(b) The heads of executive departments and agencies shall provide, as 
appropriate, such assistance and information as the Secretary may 
request to implement this order.
(c) The website referred to in section 4(b) of this order shall be 
funded by contributions from executive departments and agencies to the 
extent permitted by law and consistent with their statutory authority.
Sec. 6. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) authority granted by law to a department, agency, or the head thereof; 
or

(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and 
subject to the availability of appropriations.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    February 7, 2008.

[[Page 181]]





Executive Order 13460 of February 13, 2008

Blocking Property of Additional Persons in Connection With the National 
Emergency With Respect to Syria

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)(IEEPA), the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section 301 of 
title 3, United States Code,
I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, find that 
the Government of Syria continues to engage in certain conduct that 
formed the basis for the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
13338 of May 11, 2004, including but not limited to undermining efforts 
with respect to the stabilization of Iraq. I further find that the 
conduct of certain members of the Government of Syria and other persons 
contributing to public corruption related to Syria, including by 
misusing Syrian public assets or by misusing public authority, 
entrenches and enriches the Government of Syria and its supporters and 
thereby enables the Government of Syria to continue to engage in certain 
conduct that formed the basis for the national emergency declared in 
Executive Order 13338. In light of these findings, and to take 
additional steps with respect to the national emergency declared in 
Executive Order 13338 of May 11, 2004, I hereby order:
Section 1. (a) Except to the extent provided in section 203(b)(1), (3), 
and (4) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(1), (3) and (4)), the Trade 
Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (title IX, Public 
Law 106-387), or regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may 
be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract 
entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective 
date of this order, all property and interests in property that are in 
the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that 
are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United 
States person, including any overseas branch, of the following persons 
are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or 
otherwise dealt in: persons determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, 
after consultation with the Secretary of State, to be responsible for, 
to have engaged in, to have facilitated, or to have secured improper 
advantage as a result of, public corruption by senior officials within 
the Government of Syria.
(b) The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section include, but are 
not limited to, (i) the making of any contribution or provision of 
funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person 
designated pursuant to this order, and (ii) the receipt of any 
contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such 
person.
Sec. 2. Section 3(a)(iv) of Executive Order 13338 is hereby amended to 
read as follows:

``(iv) to be or to have been responsible for or otherwise significantly 
contributing to actions taken or decisions made by the Government of Syria 
that have the purpose or effect of undermining efforts to stabilize Iraq or 
of allowing the use of Syrian territory or facilities to undermine efforts 
to stabilize Iraq; or''.

[[Page 182]]

Sec. 3. (a) Any transaction by a United States person or within the 
United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or 
avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in 
this order is prohibited.
(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth 
in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 4. For purposes of this order:
(a) the term ``person'' means any individual or entity;
(b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, joint 
venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization; and
(c) the term ``United States person'' means any United States citizen, 
permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United 
States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign 
branches), or any person in the United States.
Sec. 5. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type 
specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, 
or for the benefit of, persons whose property and interests in property 
are blocked pursuant to section 1 of this order would seriously impair 
my ability to deal with the national emergency declared in Executive 
Order 13338 and relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive 
Order 13399 of April 25, 2006, and I hereby prohibit such donations as 
provided by section 1 of this order.
Sec. 6. For those persons whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to section 1 of this order who might have a 
constitutional presence in the United States, I find that, because of 
the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior 
notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order 
would render these measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for 
these measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13338 and relied upon for additional steps 
taken in Executive Order 13399, there need be no prior notice of a 
determination made pursuant to this order.
Sec. 7. The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including 
the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers 
granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the 
purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any 
of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States 
Government, consistent with applicable law. All executive agencies of 
the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate 
measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this 
order and, where appropriate, to advise the Secretary of the Treasury in 
a timely manner of the measures taken.
Sec. 8. Nothing in this order is intended to affect the continued 
effectiveness of any rules, regulations, orders, licenses, or other 
forms of administrative action issued, taken, or continued in effect 
heretofore or hereafter under 31 C.F.R. chapter V, except as expressly 
terminated, modified, or suspended by or pursuant to this order.
Sec. 9. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party

[[Page 183]]

against the United States, its departments, agencies, instrumentalities, 
or entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    February 13, 2008.




Executive Order 13461 of February 15, 2008

Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Health and 
Human Services

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et seq., it is hereby ordered that:
Section 1. Subject to the provisions of section 3 of this order, the 
officers named in section 2, in the order listed, shall act as and 
perform the functions and duties of the Office of the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services (Secretary), if they are eligible to act as 
Secretary under the provisions of the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 
1998, during any period in which the Secretary has died, resigned, or 
become otherwise unable to perform the functions and duties of the 
office of Secretary.
Sec. 2. Order of Succession.
(a) Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services;
(b) General Counsel of the Department of Health and Human Services;
(c) Assistant Secretary (Resources and Technology);
(d) Assistant Secretary (Planning and Evaluation);
(e) Administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services;
(f) Commissioner of Food and Drugs;
(g) Director of the National Institutes of Health;
(h) Assistant Secretary for Family Support;
(i) Other Assistant Secretaries of the Department of Health and Human 
Services appointed by the President, in the order in which they shall 
have taken the oath of office as such;
(j) Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and
(k) Director, Region 4.
Sec. 3. Exceptions.
(a) No individual who is serving in an office listed in section 2 of 
this order in an acting capacity, by virtue of so serving, shall act as 
Secretary pursuant to this order.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of this order, the President retains 
discretion, consistent with the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998, to 
depart from this order in designating an acting Secretary.

[[Page 184]]

Sec. 4. Revocation. Executive Order 13250 of December 28, 2001 
(Providing An Order of Succession Within the Department of Health and 
Human Services), and the President's memorandum of March 19, 2002 
(Designation of Officers of the Department of Health and Human 
Services), are hereby revoked.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    February 15, 2008.




Executive Order 13462 of February 29, 2008

President's Intelligence Advisory Board and Intelligence Oversight Board

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to ensure that 
the President and other officers of the United States with 
responsibility for the security of the Nation and the advancement of its 
interests have access to accurate, insightful, objective, and timely 
information concerning the capabilities, intentions, and activities of 
foreign powers.
Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this order:
(a) ``department concerned'' means an executive department listed in 
section 101 of title 5, United States Code, that contains an 
organization listed in or designated pursuant to section 3(4) of the 
National Security Act of 1947, as amended (50 U.S.C. 401a(4));
(b) ``intelligence activities'' has the meaning specified in section 3.4 
of Executive Order 12333 of December 4, 1981, as amended; and
(c) ``intelligence community'' means the organizations listed in or 
designated pursuant to section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 
1947, as amended.
Sec. 3. Establishment of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board. 
(a) There is hereby established, within the Executive Office of the 
President and exclusively to advise and assist the President as set 
forth in this order, the President's Intelligence Advisory Board (PIAB).
(b) The PIAB shall consist of not more than 16 members appointed by the 
President from among individuals who are not employed by the Federal 
Government.
(c) The President shall designate a Chair from among the members of the 
PIAB, who shall convene and preside at meetings of the PIAB, determine 
its agenda, and direct its work.
(d) Members of the PIAB and the Intelligence Oversight Board (IOB) 
established in section 5 of this order:
(i) shall serve without any compensation for their work on the PIAB or 
the IOB; and

[[Page 185]]

(ii) while engaged in the work of the PIAB or the IOB, may be allowed 
travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as 
authorized by law for persons serving intermittently in the Government 
(5 U.S.C. 5701-5707).
(e) The PIAB shall utilize such full-time professional and 
administrative staff as authorized by the Chair and approved by the 
President or the President's designee. Such staff shall be supervised by 
an Executive Director of the PIAB, appointed by the President, whom the 
President may designate to serve also as the Executive Director of the 
IOB.
Sec. 4. Functions of the PIAB. Consistent with the policy set forth in 
section 1 of this order, the PIAB shall have the authority to, as the 
PIAB determines appropriate, or shall, when directed by the President:
(a) assess the quality, quantity, and adequacy of intelligence 
collection, of analysis and estimates, and of counterintelligence and 
other intelligence activities, assess the adequacy of management, 
personnel and organization in the intelligence community, and review the 
performance of all agencies of the Federal Government that are engaged 
in the collection, evaluation, or production of intelligence or the 
execution of intelligence policy and report the results of such 
assessments or reviews:
(i) to the President, as necessary but not less than twice each year; 
and
(ii) to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and the heads of 
departments concerned when the PIAB determines appropriate; and
(b) consider and make appropriate recommendations to the President, the 
DNI, or the head of the department concerned with respect to matters 
identified to the PIAB by the DNI or the head of a department concerned.
Sec. 5. Establishment of Intelligence Oversight Board.
(a) There is hereby established a committee of the PIAB to be known as 
the Intelligence Oversight Board.
(b) The IOB shall consist of not more than five members of the PIAB who 
are designated by the President from among members of the PIAB to serve 
on the IOB. The IOB shall utilize such full-time professional and 
administrative staff as authorized by the Chair and approved by the 
President or the President's designee. Such staff shall be supervised by 
an Executive Director of the IOB, appointed by the President, whom the 
President may designate to serve also as the Executive Director of the 
PIAB.
(c) The President shall designate a Chair from among the members of the 
IOB, who shall convene and preside at meetings of the IOB, determine its 
agenda, and direct its work.
Sec. 6. Functions of the IOB. Consistent with the policy set forth in 
section 1 of this order, the IOB shall:
(a) issue criteria on the thresholds for reporting matters to the IOB, 
to the extent consistent with section 1.7(d) of Executive Order 12333 or 
the corresponding provision of any successor order;
(b) inform the President of intelligence activities that the IOB 
believes:
(i)(A) may be unlawful or contrary to Executive Order or presidential 
directive; and
(B) are not being adequately addressed by the Attorney General, the DNI, 
or the head of the department concerned; or

[[Page 186]]

(ii) should be immediately reported to the President.
(c) review and assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and sufficiency of 
the processes by which the DNI and the heads of departments concerned 
perform their respective functions under this order and report thereon 
as necessary, together with any recommendations, to the President and, 
as appropriate, the DNI and the head of the department concerned;
(d) receive and review information submitted by the DNI under subsection 
7(c) of this order and make recommendations thereon, including for any 
needed corrective action, with respect to such information, and the 
intelligence activities to which the information relates, as necessary, 
but not less than twice each year, to the President, the DNI, and the 
head of the department concerned; and
(e) conduct, or request that the DNI or the head of the department 
concerned, as appropriate, carry out and report to the IOB the results 
of, investigations of intelligence activities that the IOB determines 
are necessary to enable the IOB to carry out its functions under this 
order.
Sec. 7. Functions of the Director of National Intelligence. Consistent 
with the policy set forth in section 1 of this order, the DNI shall:
(a) with respect to guidelines applicable to organizations within the 
intelligence community that concern reporting of intelligence activities 
described in subsection 6(b)(i)(A) of this order:
(i) review and ensure that such guidelines are consistent with section 
1.7(d) of Executive Order 12333, or a corresponding provision of any 
successor order, and this order; and
(ii) issue for incorporation in such guidelines instructions relating to 
the format and schedule of such reporting as necessary to implement this 
order;
(b) with respect to intelligence activities described in subsection 
6(b)(i)(A) of this order:
(i) receive reports submitted to the IOB pursuant to section 1.7(d) of 
Executive Order 12333, or a corresponding provision of any successor 
order;
(ii) forward to the Attorney General information in such reports 
relating to such intelligence activities to the extent that such 
activities involve possible violations of Federal criminal laws or 
implicate the authority of the Attorney General unless the DNI or the 
head of the department concerned has previously provided such 
information to the Attorney General; and
(iii) monitor the intelligence community to ensure that the head of the 
department concerned has directed needed corrective actions and that 
such actions have been taken and report to the IOB and the head of the 
department concerned, and as appropriate the President, when such 
actions have not been timely taken; and
(c) submit to the IOB as necessary and no less than twice each year:
(i) an analysis of the reports received under subsection (b)(i) of this 
section, including an assessment of the gravity, frequency, trends, and 
patterns of occurrences of intelligence activities described in 
subsection 6(b)(i)(A) of this order;

[[Page 187]]

(ii) a summary of direction under subsection (b)(iii) of this section 
and any related recommendations; and
(iii) an assessment of the effectiveness of corrective action taken by 
the DNI or the head of the department concerned with respect to 
intelligence activities described in subsection 6(b)(i)(A) of this 
order.
Sec. 8. Functions of Heads of Departments Concerned and Additional 
Functions of the Director of National Intelligence.
(a) To the extent permitted by law, the DNI and the heads of departments 
concerned shall provide such information and assistance as the PIAB and 
the IOB may need to perform functions under this order.
(b) The heads of departments concerned shall:
(i) ensure that the DNI receives:
(A) copies of reports submitted to the IOB pursuant to section 1.7(d) of 
Executive Order 12333, or a corresponding provision of any successor 
order; and
(B) such information and assistance as the DNI may need to perform 
functions under this order; and
(ii) designate the offices within their respective organizations that 
shall submit reports to the IOB required by Executive Order and inform 
the DNI and the IOB of such designations; and
(iii) ensure that departments concerned comply with instructions issued 
by the DNI under subsection 7(a)(ii) of this order.
(c) The head of a department concerned who does not implement a 
recommendation to that head of department from the PIAB under subsection 
4(b) of this order or from the IOB under subsections 6(c) or 6(d) of 
this order shall promptly report through the DNI to the Board that made 
the recommendation, or to the President, the reasons for not 
implementing the recommendation.
(d) The DNI shall ensure that the Director of the Central Intelligence 
Agency performs the functions with respect to the Central Intelligence 
Agency under this order that a head of a department concerned performs 
with respect to organizations within the intelligence community that are 
part of that department.
Sec. 9. References and Transition. (a) References in Executive Orders 
other than this order, or in any other presidential guidance, to the 
``President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board'' shall be deemed to 
be references to the President's Intelligence Advisory Board established 
by this order.
(b) Individuals who are members of the President's Foreign Intelligence 
Advisory Board under Executive Order 12863 of September 13, 1993, as 
amended, immediately prior to the signing of this order shall be members 
of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board immediately upon the 
signing of this order, to serve as such consistent with this order until 
the date that is 15 months following the date of this order.
(c) Individuals who are members of the Intelligence Oversight Board 
under Executive Order 12863 immediately prior to the signing of this 
order shall be members of the Intelligence Oversight Board under this 
order, to serve

[[Page 188]]

as such consistent with this order until the date that is 15 months 
following the date of this order.
(d) The individual serving as Executive Director of the President's 
Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board immediately prior to the signing of 
this order shall serve as the Executive Director of the PIAB until such 
person resigns, dies, or is removed, or upon appointment of a successor 
under this order and shall serve as the Executive Director of the IOB 
until an Executive Director of the IOB is appointed or designated under 
this order.
Sec. 10. Revocation. Executive Order 12863 is revoked.
Sec. 11. General Provisions.
(a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise 
affect:
(i) authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head 
thereof; or
(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals.
(b) Any person who is a member of the PIAB or IOB, or who is granted 
access to classified national security information in relation to the 
activities of the PIAB or the IOB, as a condition of access to such 
information, shall sign and comply with the agreements to protect such 
information from unauthorized disclosure. This order shall be 
implemented in a manner consistent with Executive Order 12958 of April 
17, 1995, as amended, and Executive Order 12968 of August 2, 1995, as 
amended.
(c) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and 
subject to the availability of appropriations.
(d) This order is intended only to improve the internal management of 
the executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity, by any party against the United States, its departments, 
agencies or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other 
person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    February 29, 2008.




Executive Order 13463 of April 18, 2008

Amending Executive Orders 13389 and 13390

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Robert T. Stafford 
Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 
5121-5206), it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Executive Order 13389 of November 1, 2005, as amended, is 
further amended:
(a) in subsection 2(a), by striking ``Economic Policy'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``Homeland Security and Counterterrorism''; and

[[Page 189]]

(b) in section 5, by striking ``3 years from the date of this order'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``February 28, 2009''.
Sec. 2. Subsection 5(b) of Executive Order 13390 of November 1, 2005, is 
amended:
(a) by striking the comma after ``applicable law'' and inserting 
``and''; and
(b) striking ``3 years from the date of this order'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``February 28, 2009''.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    April 18, 2008.




Executive Order 13464 of April 30, 2008

Blocking Property and Prohibiting Certain Transactions Related to Burma

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the Burmese Freedom 
and Democracy Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-61, as amended, 50 U.S.C. 1701 
note), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and in order to 
take additional steps with respect to the Government of Burma's 
continued repression of the democratic opposition in Burma, and with 
respect to the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13047 of 
May 20, 1997, relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive Order 
13310 of July 28, 2003, and expanded in Executive Order 13448 of October 
18, 2007,
I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, hereby 
order:
Section 1. Except to the extent provided in section 203(b)(1), (3), and 
(4) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(1), (3), and (4)), the Trade Sanctions 
Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (title IX, Public Law 106-
387), or regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued 
pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or 
any license or permit granted prior to the effective date of this order, 
all property and interests in property of the following persons that are 
in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or 
that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of United 
States persons, including their overseas branches, are blocked and may 
not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:
(a) the persons listed in the Annex attached and made a part of this 
order; and
(b) any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, after 
consultation with the Secretary of State:
(i) to be owned or controlled by, directly or indirectly, the Government 
of Burma or an official or officials of the Government of Burma;

[[Page 190]]

(ii) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, 
material, logistical, or technical support for, or goods or services in 
support of, the Government of Burma, the State Peace and Development 
Council of Burma, the Union Solidarity and Development Association of 
Burma, any successor entity to any of the foregoing, any senior official 
of any of the foregoing, or any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to Executive Order 13310, Executive Order 
13448, or this order; or
(iii) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act 
for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property 
and interests in property are blocked pursuant to Executive Order 13310, 
Executive Order 13448, or this order.
Sec. 2. (a) Any transaction by a United States person or within the 
United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or 
avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in 
this order is prohibited.
(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth 
in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 3. For purposes of this order:
(a) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;
(b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, joint 
venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;
(c) the term ``United States person'' means any United States citizen, 
permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United 
States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign 
branches), or any person in the United States; and
(d) the term ``Government of Burma'' means the Government of Burma 
(sometimes referred to as Myanmar), its agencies, instrumentalities and 
controlled entities, and the Central Bank of Burma.
Sec. 4. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type 
specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, 
or for the benefit of, persons whose property and interests in property 
are blocked pursuant to section 1 of this order would seriously impair 
my ability to deal with the national emergency declared in Executive 
Order 13047, relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive Order 
13310, and expanded in Executive Order 13448, and hereby prohibit such 
donations as provided by section 1 of this order.
Sec. 5. For those persons whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence 
in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer 
funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of 
measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render these measures 
ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be 
effective in addressing the national emergency declared in Executive 
Order 13047, relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive Order 
13310, and expanded in Executive Order 13448, there need be no prior 
notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this 
order.

[[Page 191]]

Sec. 6. The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including 
the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers 
granted to the President by IEEPA and section 4 of the Burmese Freedom 
and Democracy Act of 2003 as may be necessary to carry out the purposes 
of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these 
functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government 
consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United States 
Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within 
their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.
Sec. 7. The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to determine, and to take 
necessary action to give effect to that determination, that 
circumstances no longer warrant the blocking of the property and 
interests in property of, or the prohibiting of transactions with, a 
person listed in the Annex to this order.
Sec. 8. Nothing in this order is intended to affect the continued 
effectiveness of any rules, regulations, orders, licenses, or other 
forms of administrative action issued, taken, or continued in effect 
heretofore or hereafter under 31 C.F.R. chapter V, except as expressly 
terminated, modified, or suspended by or pursuant to this order.
Sec. 9. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other 
person.
Sec. 10. This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on 
May 1, 2008.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    April 30, 2008.
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD02MY08.055
    

[[Page 192]]






Executive Order 13465 of June 6, 2008

Amending Executive Order 12989, as Amended

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including subsection 121(a) of 
title 40 and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and in order to 
take further steps to promote economy and efficiency in Federal 
Government procurement, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Executive Order 12989 of February 13, 1996, as amended, is 
further amended:
(a) by striking the title and inserting in lieu thereof ``Economy and 
Efficiency in Government Procurement Through Compliance with Certain 
Immigration and Nationality Act Provisions and Use of an Electronic 
Employment Eligibility Verification System''; and
(b) by striking the material that follows the title and precedes section 
1 of the order and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
``This order is designed to promote economy and efficiency in Federal 
Government procurement. Stability and dependability are important 
elements of economy and efficiency. A contractor whose workforce is less 
stable will be less likely to produce goods and services economically 
and efficiently than a contractor whose workforce is more stable. It is 
the policy of the executive branch to enforce fully the immigration laws 
of the United States, including the detection and removal of illegal 
aliens and the imposition of legal sanctions against employers that hire 
illegal aliens. Because of the worksite enforcement policy of the United 
States and the underlying obligation of the executive branch to enforce 
the immigration laws, contractors that employ illegal aliens cannot rely 
on the continuing availability and service of those illegal workers, and 
such contractors inevitably will have a less stable and less dependable 
workforce than contractors that do not employ such persons. Where a 
contractor assigns illegal aliens to work on Federal contracts, the 
enforcement of Federal immigration laws imposes a direct risk of 
disruption, delay, and increased expense in Federal contracting. Such 
contractors are less dependable procurement sources, even if they do not 
knowingly hire or knowingly continue to employ unauthorized workers.
``Contractors that adopt rigorous employment eligibility confirmation 
policies are much less likely to face immigration enforcement actions, 
because they are less likely to employ unauthorized workers, and they 
are therefore generally more efficient and dependable procurement 
sources than contractors that do not employ the best available measures 
to verify the work eligibility of their workforce. It is the policy of 
the executive branch to use an electronic employment verification system 
because, among other reasons, it provides the best available means to 
confirm the identity and work eligibility of all employees that join the 
Federal workforce. Private employers that choose to contract with the 
Federal Government should meet the same standard.
``I find, therefore, that adherence to the general policy of contracting 
only with providers that do not knowingly employ unauthorized alien 
workers

[[Page 193]]

and that have agreed to utilize an electronic employment verification 
system designated by the Secretary of Homeland Security to confirm the 
employment eligibility of their workforce will promote economy and 
efficiency in Federal procurement.
``NOW, THEREFORE, to ensure the economical and efficient administration 
and completion of Federal Government contracts, and by the authority 
vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United 
States of America, including subsection 121(a) of title 40 and section 
301 of title 3, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:''.
Sec. 2. Section 1 of Executive Order 12989, as amended, is further 
amended by:
(a) striking the last sentence in subsection 1(a); and
(b) striking subsection (b) and inserting in lieu thereof the following 
new subsections:

``(b) It is the policy of the executive branch in procuring goods and 
services that, to ensure the economical and efficient administration and 
completion of Federal Government contracts, contracting agencies may not 
enter into contracts with employers that do not use the best available 
means to confirm the work authorization of their workforce.

``(c) It is the policy of the executive branch to enforce fully the 
antidiscrimination provisions of the INA. Nothing in this order relieves 
employers of antidiscrimination obligations under section 274B of the INA 
(8 U.S.C. 1324b) or any other law.

``(d) All discretion under this order shall be exercised consistent with 
the policies set forth in this section.''.

Sec. 3. Section 5 of Executive Order 12989, as amended, is further 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 5. (a) Executive departments and agencies that enter into contracts 
shall require, as a condition of each contract, that the contractor agree 
to use an electronic employment eligibility verification system designated 
by the Secretary of Homeland Security to verify the employment eligibility 
of: (i) all persons hired during the contract term by the contractor to 
perform employment duties within the United States; and (ii) all persons 
assigned by the contractor to perform work within the United States on the 
Federal contract.

``(b) The Secretary of Homeland Security:

    ``(i) shall administer, maintain, and modify as necessary and 
appropriate the electronic employment eligibility verification 
system designated by the Secretary under subsection (a) of this 
section; and
    ``(ii) may establish with respect to such electronic 
employment verification system:
``(A) terms and conditions for use of the system; and
``(B) procedures for monitoring the use, failure to use, or 
improper use of the system.

``(c) The Secretary of Defense, the Administrator of General Services, and 
the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
shall amend the Federal Acquisition Regulation to the extent necessary

[[Page 194]]

and appropriate to implement the debarment responsibility, the employment 
eligibility verification responsibility, and other related responsibilities 
assigned to heads of departments and agencies under this order.

``(d) Except to the extent otherwise specified by law or this order, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security and the Attorney General:

    ``(i) shall administer and enforce this order; and
    ``(ii) may, after consultation to the extent appropriate with 
the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Labor, the 
Administrator of General Services, the Administrator of the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Administrator 
for Federal Procurement Policy, and the heads of such other 
departments or agencies as may be appropriate, issue such rules, 
regulations, or orders, or establish such requirements, as may be 
necessary and appropriate to implement this order.''.
Sec. 4. Section 7 of Executive Order 12989, as amended, is amended by 
striking ``respective agencies'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``respective departments or agencies''.
Sec. 5. Section 8 of Executive Order 12989, as amended, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 8. (a) This order shall be implemented in a manner intended to 
minimize the burden on participants in the Federal procurement process.

``(b) This order shall be implemented in a manner consistent with the 
protection of intelligence and law enforcement sources, methods, and 
activities from unauthorized disclosure.''.

Sec. 6. Section 9 of Executive Order 12989, as amended, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 9. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or 
otherwise affect:

    (i) authority granted by law to a department or agency or the 
head thereof; or
    (ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget relating to budget, administrative, or legislative 
proposals.

``(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and 
subject to the availability of appropriations.

``(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by any 
party against the United States, its departments, agencies or entities, its 
officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.''.

Sec. 7. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    June 6, 2008.

[[Page 195]]





Executive Order 13466 of June 26, 2008

Continuing Certain Restrictions With Respect to North Korea and North 
Korean Nationals

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), and section 301 
of title 3, United States Code,
I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, find that 
the current existence and risk of the proliferation of weapons-usable 
fissile material on the Korean Peninsula constitute an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the 
United States, and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with 
that threat. I further find that, as we deal with that threat through 
multilateral diplomacy, it is necessary to continue certain restrictions 
with respect to North Korea that would otherwise be lifted pursuant to a 
forthcoming proclamation that will terminate the exercise of authorities 
under the Trading With the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. App. 1 et seq.) (TWEA) 
with respect to North Korea.
Accordingly, I hereby order:
Section 1. Except to the extent provided in statutes or in regulations, 
orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this 
order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or 
permit granted prior to the date of this order, the following are 
blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or 
otherwise dealt in:

all property and interests in property of North Korea or a North Korean 
national that, pursuant to the President's authorities under the TWEA, the 
exercise of which has been continued in accordance with section 101(b) of 
Public Law 95-223 (91 Stat. 1625; 50 U.S.C. App. 5(b) note), were blocked 
as of June 16, 2000, and remained blocked immediately prior to the date of 
this order.

Sec. 2. Except to the extent provided in statutes or in regulations, 
orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this 
order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or 
permit granted prior to the date of this order, United States persons 
may not register a vessel in North Korea, obtain authorization for a 
vessel to fly the North Korean flag, or own, lease, operate, or insure 
any vessel flagged by North Korea.
Sec. 3. (a) Any transaction by a United States person or within the 
United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or 
avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in 
this order is prohibited.
(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth 
in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 4. For the purposes of this order:
(a) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;
(b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, joint 
venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization; and

[[Page 196]]

(c) the term ``United States person'' means any United States citizen, 
permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United 
States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign 
branches), or any person in the United States.
Sec. 5. The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including 
the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers 
granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the 
purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any 
of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States 
Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United 
States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures 
within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.
Sec. 6. The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit the recurring and 
final reports to the Congress on the national emergency declared in this 
order, consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and 
section 204(c) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1703(c)).
Sec. 7. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other 
person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    June 26, 2008.




Executive Order 13467 of June 30, 2008

Reforming Processes Related to Suitability for Government Employment, 
Fitness for Contractor Employees, and Eligibility for Access to 
Classified National Security Information

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, and in order to ensure an 
efficient, practical, reciprocal, and aligned system for investigating 
and determining suitability for Government employment, contractor 
employee fitness, and eligibility for access to classified information, 
while taking appropriate account of title III of Public Law 108-458, it 
is hereby ordered as follows:
PART 1--POLICY, APPLICABILITY, AND DEFINITIONS
Section 1.1. Policy. Executive branch policies and procedures relating 
to suitability, contractor employee fitness, eligibility to hold a 
sensitive position, access to federally controlled facilities and 
information systems, and eligibility for access to classified 
information shall be aligned using consistent standards to the extent 
possible, provide for reciprocal recognition,

[[Page 197]]

and shall ensure cost-effective, timely,and efficient protection of the 
national interest, while providing fair treatment to those upon whom the 
Federal Government relies to conduct our Nation's business and protect 
national security.
Sec. 1.2. Applicability. (a) This order applies to all covered 
individuals as defined in section 1.3(g), except that:

(i) the provisions regarding eligibility for physical access to federally 
controlled facilities and logical access to federally controlled 
information systems do not apply to individuals exempted in accordance with 
guidance pursuant to the Federal Information Security Management Act (title 
III of Public Law 107-347) and Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12; 
and

(ii) the qualification standards for enlistment, appointment, and induction 
into the Armed Forces pursuant to title 10, United States Code, are 
unaffected by this order.

(b) This order also applies to investigations and determinations of 
eligibility for access to classified information for employees of 
agencies working in or for the legislative or judicial branches when 
those investigations or determinations are conducted by the executive 
branch.
Sec. 1.3. Definitions. For the purpose of this order: (a) 
``Adjudication'' means the evaluation of pertinent data in a background 
investigation, as well as any other available information that is 
relevant and reliable, to determine whether a covered individual is:

(i) suitable for Government employment;

(ii) eligible for logical and physical access;

(iii) eligible for access to classified information;

(iv) eligible to hold a sensitive position; or

(v) fit to perform work for or on behalf of the Government as a contractor 
employee.

(b) ``Agency'' means any ``Executive agency'' as defined in section 105 
of title 5, United States Code, including the ``military departments,'' 
as defined in section 102 of title 5, United States Code, and any other 
entity within the executive branch that comes into possession of 
classified information or has designated positions as sensitive, except 
such an entity headed by an officer who is not a covered individual.
(c) ``Classified information'' means information that has been 
determined pursuant to Executive Order 12958 of April 17, 1995, as 
amended, or a successor or predecessor order, or the Atomic Energy Act 
of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) to require protection against 
unauthorized disclosure.
(d) ``Continuous evaluation'' means reviewing the background of an 
individual who has been determined to be eligible for access to 
classified information (including additional or new checks of commercial 
databases, Government databases, and other information lawfully 
available to security officials) at any time during the period of 
eligibility to determine whether that individual continues to meet the 
requirements for eligibility for access to classified information.

[[Page 198]]

(e) ``Contractor'' means an expert or consultant (not appointed under 
section 3109 of title 5, United States Code) to an agency; an industrial 
or commercial contractor, licensee, certificate holder, or grantee of 
any agency, including all subcontractors; a personal services 
contractor; or any other category of person who performs work for or on 
behalf of an agency (but not a Federal employee).
(f) ``Contractor employee fitness'' means fitness based on character and 
conduct for work for or on behalf of the Government as a contractor 
employee.
(g) ``Covered individual'' means a person who performs work for or on 
behalf of the executive branch, or who seeks to perform work for or on 
behalf of the executive branch, but does not include:

(i) the President or (except to the extent otherwise directed by the 
President) employees of the President under section 105 or 107 of title 3, 
United States Code; or

(ii) the Vice President or (except to the extent otherwise directed by the 
Vice President) employees of the Vice President under section 106 of title 
3 or annual legislative branch appropriations acts.

(h) ``End-to-end automation'' means an executive branch-wide federated 
system that uses automation to manage and monitor cases and maintain 
relevant documentation of the application (but not an employment 
application), investigation, adjudication, and continuous evaluation 
processes.

(i) ``Federally controlled facilities'' and ``federally controlled 
information systems'' have the meanings prescribed in guidance pursuant to 
the Federal Information Security Management Act (title III of Public Law 
107-347) and Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12.

(j) ``Logical and physical access'' means access other than occasional 
or intermittent access to federally controlled facilities or information 
systems.
(k) ``Sensitive position'' means any position so designated under 
Executive Order 10450 of April 27, 1953, as amended.
(l) ``Suitability'' has the meaning and coverage provided in 5 CFR Part 
731.
PART 2--ALIGNMENT, RECIPROCITY, AND GOVERNANCE
Sec. 2.1. Aligned System. (a) Investigations and adjudications of 
covered individuals who require a determination of suitability, 
eligibility for logical and physical access, eligibility to hold a 
sensitive position, eligibility for access to classified information, 
and, as appropriate, contractor employee fitness, shall be aligned using 
consistent standards to the extent possible. Each successively higher 
level of investigation and adjudication shall build upon, but not 
duplicate, the ones below it.
(b) The aligned system shall employ updated and consistent standards and 
methods, enable innovations with enterprise information technology 
capabilities and end-to-end automation to the extent practicable, and 
ensure that relevant information maintained by agencies can be accessed 
and shared rapidly across the executive branch, while protecting 
national security, protecting privacy-related information, ensuring 
resulting decisions are in the national interest, and providing the 
Federal Government with an effective workforce.
(c) Except as otherwise authorized by law, background investigations and 
adjudications shall be mutually and reciprocally accepted by all 
agencies.

[[Page 199]]

An agency may not establish additional investigative or adjudicative 
requirements (other than requirements for the conduct of a polygraph 
examination consistent with law, directive, or regulation) that exceed 
the requirements for suitability, contractor employee fitness, 
eligibility for logical or physical access, eligibility to hold a 
sensitive position, or eligibility for access to classified information 
without the approval of the Suitability Executive Agent or Security 
Executive Agent, as appropriate, and provided that approval to establish 
additional requirements shall be limited to circumstances where 
additional requirements are necessary to address significant needs 
unique to the agency involved or to protect national security.
Sec. 2.2. Establishment and Functions of Performance Accountability 
Council. (a) There is hereby established a Suitability and Security 
Clearance Performance Accountability Council (Council).
(b) The Deputy Director for Management, Office of Management and Budget, 
shall serve as Chair of the Council and shall have authority, direction, 
and control over the Council's functions. Membership on the Council 
shall include the Suitability Executive Agent and the Security Executive 
Agent. The Chair shall select a Vice Chair to act in the Chair's 
absence. The Chair shall have authority to designate officials from 
additional agencies who shall serve as members of the Council. Council 
membership shall be limited to Federal Government employees and shall 
include suitability and security professionals.
(c) The Council shall be accountable to the President to achieve, 
consistent with this order, the goals of reform, and is responsible for 
driving implementation of the reform effort, ensuring accountability by 
agencies, ensuring the Suitability Executive Agent and the Security 
Executive Agent align their respective processes, and sustaining reform 
momentum.
(d) The Council shall:

(i) ensure alignment of suitability, security, and, as appropriate, 
contractor employee fitness investigative and adjudicative processes;

(ii) hold agencies accountable for the implementation of suitability, 
security, and, as appropriate, contractor employee fitness processes and 
procedures;

(iii) establish requirements for enterprise information technology;

(iv) establish annual goals and progress metrics and prepare annual reports 
on results;

(v) ensure and oversee the development of tools and techniques for 
enhancing background investigations and the making of eligibility 
determinations;

(vi) arbitrate disparities in procedures between the Suitability Executive 
Agent and the Security Executive Agent;

(vii) ensure sharing of best practices; and

(viii) advise the Suitability Executive Agent and the Security Executive 
Agent on policies affecting the alignment of investigations and 
adjudications.

(e) The Chair may, to ensure the effective implementation of the policy 
set forth in section 1.1 of this order and to the extent consistent with 
law, assign, in whole or in part, to the head of any agency (solely or 
jointly) any

[[Page 200]]

function within the Council's responsibility relating to alignment and 
improvement of investigations and determinations of suitability, 
contractor employee fitness, eligibility for logical and physical 
access, eligibility for access to classified information, or eligibility 
to hold a sensitive position.
Sec. 2.3. Establishment, Designation, and Functions of Executive Agents. 
(a) There is hereby established a Suitability Executive Agent and a 
Security Executive Agent.
(b) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall serve as 
the Suitability Executive Agent. As the Suitability Executive Agent, the 
Director of the Office of Personnel Management will continue to be 
responsible for developing and implementing uniform and consistent 
policies and procedures to ensure the effective, efficient, and timely 
completion of investigations and adjudications relating to 
determinations of suitability and eligibility for logical and physical 
access.
(c) The Director of National Intelligence shall serve as the Security 
Executive Agent. The Security Executive Agent:

(i) shall direct the oversight of investigations and determinations of 
eligibility for access to classified information or eligibility to hold a 
sensitive position made by any agency;

(ii) shall be responsible for developing uniform and consistent policies 
and procedures to ensure the effective, efficient, and timely completion of 
investigations and adjudications relating to determinations of eligibility 
for access to classified information or eligibility to hold a sensitive 
position;

(iii) may issue guidelines and instructions to the heads of agencies to 
ensure appropriate uniformity, centralization, efficiency, effectiveness, 
and timeliness in processes relating to determinations by agencies of 
eligibility for access to classified information or eligibility to hold a 
sensitive position;

(iv) shall serve as the final authority to designate an agency or agencies 
to conduct investigations of persons who are proposed for access to 
classified information to ascertain whether such persons satisfy the 
criteria for obtaining and retaining access to classified information or 
eligibility to hold a sensitive position;

(v) shall serve as the final authority to designate an agency or agencies 
to determine eligibility for access to classified information in accordance 
with Executive Order 12968 of August 2, 1995;

(vi) shall ensure reciprocal recognition of eligibility for access to 
classified information among the agencies, including acting as the final 
authority to arbitrate and resolve disputes among the agencies involving 
the reciprocity of investigations and determinations of eligibility for 
access to classified information or eligibility to hold a sensitive 
position; and

(vii) may assign, in whole or in part, to the head of any agency (solely or 
jointly) any of the functions detailed in (i) through (vi), above, with the 
agency's exercise of such assigned functions to be subject to the Security 
Executive Agent's oversight and with such terms and conditions (including 
approval by the Security Executive Agent) as the Security Executive Agent 
determines appropriate.

[[Page 201]]

(d) Nothing in this order shall be construed in a manner that would 
limit the authorities of the Director of the Office of Personnel 
Management or the Director of National Intelligence under law.
Sec. 2.4. Additional Functions. (a) The duties assigned to the Security 
Policy Board by Executive Order 12968 of August 2, 1995, to consider, 
coordinate, and recommend policy directives for executive branch 
security policies, procedures, and practices are reassigned to the 
Security Executive Agent.
(b) Heads of agencies shall:

(i) carry out any function assigned to the agency head by the Chair, and 
shall assist the Chair, the Council, the Suitability Executive Agent, and 
the Security Executive Agent in carrying out any function under sections 
2.2 and 2.3 of this order;

(ii) implement any policy or procedure developed pursuant to this order;

(iii) to the extent permitted by law, make available to the Performance 
Accountability Council, the Suitability Executive Agent, or the Security 
Executive Agent such information as may be requested to implement this 
order;

(iv) ensure that all actions taken under this order take account of the 
counterintelligence interests of the United States, as appropriate; and

(v) ensure that actions taken under this order are consistent with the 
President's constitutional authority to:

    (A) conduct the foreign affairs of the United States;
    (B) withhold information the disclosure of which could impair 
the foreign relations, the national security, the deliberative 
processes of the Executive, or the performance of the Executive's 
constitutional duties;
    (C) recommend for congressional consideration such measures as 
the President may judge necessary or expedient; and
    (D) supervise the unitary executive branch.
PART 3--MISCELLANEOUS
Sec. 3. General Provisions. (a) Executive Order 13381 of June 27, 2005, 
as amended, is revoked. Nothing in this order shall:

(i) supersede, impede, or otherwise affect:

    (A) Executive Order 10450 of April 27, 1953, as amended;
    (B) Executive Order 10577 of November 23, 1954, as amended;
    (C) Executive Order 12333 of December 4, 1981, as amended;
    (D) Executive Order 12829 of January 6, 1993, as amended; or
    (E) Executive Order 12958 of April 17, 1995, as amended; nor

(ii) diminish or otherwise affect the denial and revocation procedures 
provided to individuals covered by Executive Order 10865 of February 20, 
1960, as amended.

(b) Executive Order 12968 of August 2, 1995 is amended:

(i) by inserting: ``Sec. 3.5. Continuous Evaluation.  An individual who has 
been determined to be eligible for or who currently has access to 
classified information shall be subject to continuous evaluation under 
standards (including, but not limited to, the frequency of such evaluation) 
as determined by the Director of National Intelligence.''; and

[[Page 202]]

(ii) by striking ``the Security Policy Board shall make recommendations to 
the President through the Assistant to the President for National Security 
Affairs'' in section 6.3(a) and inserting in lieu thereof ``the Director of 
National Intelligence shall serve as the final authority'';

(iii) by striking ``Security Policy Board'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``Security Executive Agent'' in each instance;

(iv) by striking ``the Board'' in section 1.1(j) and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``the Security Executive Agent''; and

(v) by inserting ``or appropriate automated procedures'' in section 3.1(b) 
after ``by appropriately trained adjudicative personnel''.

(c) Nothing in this order shall supersede, impede, or otherwise affect 
the remainder of Executive Order 12968 of August 2, 1995, as amended.
(d) Executive Order 12171 of November 19, 1979, as amended, is further 
amended by striking ``The Center for Federal Investigative Services'' in 
section 1-216 and inserting in lieu thereof ``The Federal Investigative 
Services Division.''
(e) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise 
affect the:

(i) authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head 
thereof; or

(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(f) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and 
subject to the availability of appropriations.
(g) Existing delegations of authority made pursuant to Executive Order 
13381 of June 27, 2005, as amended, to any agency relating to granting 
eligibility for access to classified information and conducting 
investigations shall 13 remain in effect, subject to the exercise of 
authorities pursuant to this order to revise or revoke such delegation.
(h) If any provision of this order or the application of such provision 
is held to be invalid, the remainder of this order shall not be 
affected.
(i) This order is intended only to improve the internal management of 
the executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity, by any party against the United States, its agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other 
person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    June 30, 2008.

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Executive Order 13468 of July 24, 2008

2008 Amendments to the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including chapter 47 of title 10, 
United States Code (Uniform Code of Military Justice, 10 U.S.C. 801-
946), and in order to prescribe amendments to the Manual for Courts-
Martial, United States, prescribed by Executive Order 12473 of April 13, 
1984, as amended, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Parts II and IV of the Manual for Courts- Martial, United 
States, are amended as described in the Annex attached and made a part 
of this order.
Sec. 2. These amendments shall take effect 30 days from the date of this 
order.
(a) Nothing in these amendments shall be construed to make punishable 
any act done or omitted prior to the effective date of this order that 
was not punishable when done or omitted.
(b) Nothing in these amendments shall be construed to invalidate any 
nonjudicial punishment proceedings, restraint, investigation, referral 
of charges, trial in which arraignment occurred, or other action begun 
prior to the effective date of this order, and any such nonjudicial 
punishment, restraint, investigation, referral of charges, trial, or 
other action may proceed in the same manner and with the same effect as 
if these amendments had not been prescribed.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    July 24, 2008.

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Executive Order 13469 of July 25, 2008

Blocking Property of Additional Persons Undermining Democratic Processes 
or Institutions in Zimbabwe

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section 301 of 
title 3, United States Code,
I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, find that 
the continued actions and policies of the Government of Zimbabwe and 
other persons to undermine Zimbabwe's democratic processes or 
institutions, manifested most recently in the fundamentally undemocratic 
election held on June 27, 2008, to commit acts of violence and other 
human rights abuses against political opponents, and to engage in public 
corruption, including by misusing public authority, constitute an 
unusual and extraor- dinary threat to the foreign policy of the United 
States, and to deal with that threat, hereby expand the scope of the 
national emergency declared in Executive Order 13288 of March 6, 2003, 
and relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive Order 13391 of 
November 22, 2005, and hereby order:
Section 1. (a) Except to the extent provided by statutes, or provided in 
regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant 
to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any 
license or permit granted prior to the date of this order, all property 
and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter 
come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the 
possession or control of United States persons, including their overseas 
branches, of the following persons are blocked and may not be 
transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:
Any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, after 
consultation with the Secretary of State:

(i) to be a senior official of the Government of Zimbabwe;

 (ii) to be owned or controlled by, directly or indirectly, the Government 
of Zimbabwe or an official or officials of the Government of Zimbabwe;

(iii) to have engaged in actions or policies to undermine Zimbabwe's 
democratic processes or institutions;

(iv) to be responsible for, or to have participated in, human rights abuses 
related to political repression in Zimbabwe;

(v) to be engaged in, or to have engaged in, activities facilitating public 
corruption by senior officials of the Government of Zimbabwe;

(vi) to be a spouse or dependent child of any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to Executive Order 13288, 
Executive Order 13391, or this order;

(vii) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, 
material, logistical, or technical support for, or goods or services in 
support

[[Page 217]]

of, the Government of Zimbabwe, any senior official thereof, or any person 
whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to Executive 
Order 13288, Executive Order 13391, or this order; or (viii) to be owned or 
controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, 
directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property 
are blocked pursuant to Executive Order 13288, Executive Order 13391, or 
this order.

(b) I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of 
articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) 
by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section would 
seriously impair my ability to deal with the national emergency declared 
in Executive Order 13288, as amended, and I hereby prohibit such 
donations as provided by paragraph (a) of this section.
(c) The prohibitions of this section include but are not limited to (i) 
the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services 
by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to Executive Order 13288, Executive Order 
13391, or this order, and (ii) the receipt of any contribution or 
provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.
(d) The provisions of Executive Orders 13288 and 13391 remain in effect, 
and this order does not affect any action taken pursuant to those 
orders.
Sec. 2. (a) Any transaction by a United States person or within the 
United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or 
avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in 
this order is prohibited.
(b)Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in 
this order is prohibited.
Sec. 3. For the purposes of this order:
(a) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;
(b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, joint 
venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;
(c) the term ``United States person'' means any United States citizen, 
permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United 
States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign 
branches), or any person in the United States; and
(d) the term ``Government of Zimbabwe'' means the Government of 
Zimbabwe, its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities.
Sec. 4. For those persons whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence 
in the United States, I find that, because of the ability to transfer 
funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of 
measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render these measures 
ineffectual. I therefore determine that, for these measures to be 
effective in addressing the national emergency declared in Executive 
Order 13288, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination 
made pursuant to section 1 of this order.

[[Page 218]]

Sec. 5. The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including 
the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers 
granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the 
purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any 
of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States 
Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United 
States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures 
within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.
Sec. 6. The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit the recurring and 
final reports to the Congress on the national emergency declared in 
Executive Order 13288, as amended, and 5 expanded in this order, 
consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and 
section 204(c) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1703).
Sec. 7. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other 
person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    July 25, 2008.




Executive Order 13470 of July 30, 2008

Further Amendments to Executive Order 12333, United States Intelligence 
Activities

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Intelligence Reform 
and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458), and in order 
to update and clarify Executive Order 13355 of August 27, 2004, 
Executive Order 12333 of December 4, 1981, as amended, is hereby further 
amended as follows:
Section 1. The Preamble to Executive Order 12333, as amended, is further 
amended by:
(a) Striking ``and'' and inserting in lieu thereof a comma before the 
word ``accurate'', and inserting ``, and insightful'' after the word 
``accurate'' in the first sentence;
(b) Striking ``statutes'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the laws'' 
before ``of the United States of America'' in the third sentence; and
(c) Striking ``the'' before ``United States intelligence activities'' in 
the third sentence.
Sec. 2. Executive Order 12333, as amended, is further amended by 
striking Part 1 in its entirety and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following new part:
PART 1 Goals, Directions, Duties, and Responsibilities with Respect to 
United States Intelligence Efforts

[[Page 219]]

1.1 Goals. The United States intelligence effort shall provide the 
President, the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security 
Council with the necessary information on which to base decisions 
concerning the development and conduct of foreign, defense, and economic 
policies, and the protection of United States national interests from 
foreign security threats. All departments and agencies shall cooperate 
fully to fulfill this goal.
(a) All means, consistent with applicable Federal law and this order, 
and with full consideration of the rights of United States persons, 
shall be used to obtain reliable intelligence information to protect the 
United States and its interests.
(b) The United States Government has a solemn obligation, and shall 
continue in the conduct of intelligence activities under this order, to 
protect fully the legal rights of all United States persons, including 
freedoms, civil liberties, and privacy rights guaranteed by Federal law.
(c) Intelligence collection under this order should be guided by the 
need for information to respond to intelligence priorities set by the 
President.
(d) Special emphasis should be given to detecting and countering:

(1) Espionage and other threats and activities directed by foreign powers 
or their intelligence services against the United States and its interests;

(2) Threats to the United States and its interests from terrorism; and

(3) Threats to the United States and its interests from the development, 
possession, proliferation, or use of weapons of mass destruction.

(e) Special emphasis shall be given to the production of timely, 
accurate, and insightful reports, responsive to decisionmakers in the 
executive branch, that draw on all appropriate sources of information, 
including open source information, meet rigorous analytic standards, 
consider diverse analytic viewpoints, and accurately represent 
appropriate alternative views.
(f) State, local, and tribal governments are critical partners in 
securing and defending the United States from terrorism and other 
threats to the United States and its interests. Our national 
intelligence effort should take into account the responsibilities and 
requirements of State, local, and tribal governments and, as 
appropriate, private sector entities, when undertaking the collection 
and dissemination of information and intelligence to protect the United 
States.
(g) All departments and agencies have a responsibility to prepare and to 
provide intelligence in a manner that allows the full and free exchange 
of information, consistent with applicable law and presidential 
guidance.
1.2 The National Security Council.
(a) Purpose. The National Security Council (NSC) shall act as the 
highest ranking executive branch entity that provides support to the 
President for review of, guidance for, and direction to the conduct of 
all foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, and covert action, and 
attendant policies and programs.
(b) Covert Action and Other Sensitive Intelligence Operations. The NSC 
shall consider and submit to the President a policy recommendation, 
including all dissents, on each proposed covert action and conduct a 
periodic review of ongoing covert action activities, including an 
evaluation of the

[[Page 220]]

effectiveness and consistency with current national policy of such 
activities and consistency with applicable legal requirements. The NSC 
shall perform such other functions related to covert action as the 
President may direct, but shall not undertake the conduct of covert 
actions. The NSC shall also review proposals for other sensitive 
intelligence operations.
1.3 Director of National Intelligence. Subject to the authority, 
direction, and control of the President, the Director of National 
Intelligence (Director) shall serve as the head of the Intelligence 
Community, act as the principal adviser to the President, to the NSC, 
and to the Homeland Security Council for intelligence matters related to 
national security, and shall oversee and direct the implementation of 
the National Intelligence Program and execution of the National 
Intelligence Program budget. The Director will lead a unified, 
coordinated, and effective intelligence effort. In addition, the 
Director shall, in carrying out the duties and responsibilities under 
this section, take into account the views of the heads of departments 
containing an element of the Intelligence Community and of the Director 
of the Central Intelligence Agency.
(a) Except as otherwise directed by the President or prohibited by law, 
the Director shall have access to all information and intelligence 
described in section 1.5(a) of this order. For the purpose of access to 
and sharing of information and intelligence, the Director:

(1) Is hereby assigned the function under section 3(5) of the Act, to 
determine that intelligence, regardless of the source from which derived 
and including information gathered within or outside the United States, 
pertains to more than one United States Government agency; and

(2) Shall develop guidelines for how information or intelligence is 
provided to or accessed by the Intelligence Community in accordance with 
section 1.5(a) of this order, and for how the information or intelligence 
may be used and shared by the Intelligence Community. All guidelines 
developed in accordance with this section shall be approved by the Attorney 
General and, where applicable, shall be consistent with guidelines issued 
pursuant to section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Protection Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458) (IRTPA).

(b) In addition to fulfilling the obligations and responsibilities 
prescribed by the Act, the Director:

(1) Shall establish objectives, priorities, and guidance for the 
Intelligence Community to ensure timely and effective collection, 
processing, analysis, and dissemination of intelligence, of whatever nature 
and from whatever source derived;

(2) May designate, in consultation with affected heads of departments or 
Intelligence Community elements, one or more Intelligence Community 
elements to develop and to maintain services of common concern on behalf of 
the Intelligence Community if the Director determines such services can be 
more efficiently or effectively accomplished in a consolidated manner;

(3) Shall oversee and provide advice to the President and the NSC with 
respect to all ongoing and proposed covert action programs;

(4) In regard to the establishment and conduct of intelligence arrangements 
and agreements with foreign governments and international organizations:

[[Page 221]]

    (A) May enter into intelligence and counterintelligence 
arrangements and agreements with foreign governments and 
international organizations;
    (B) Shall formulate policies concerning intelligence and 
counterintelligence arrangements and agreements with foreign 
governments and international organizations; and
    (C) Shall align and synchronize intelligence and 
counterintelligence foreign relationships among the elements of 
the Intelligence Community to further United States national 
security, policy, and intelligence objectives;

(5) Shall participate in the development of procedures approved by the 
Attorney General governing criminal drug intelligence activities abroad to 
ensure that these activities are consistent with foreign intelligence 
programs;

(6) Shall establish common security and access standards for managing and 
handling intelligence systems, information, and products, with special 
emphasis on facilitating:

    (A) The fullest and most prompt access to and dissemination of 
information and intelligence practicable, assigning the highest 
priority to detecting, preventing, preempting, and disrupting 
terrorist threats and activities against the United States, its 
interests, and allies; and
    (B) The establishment of standards for an interoperable 
information sharing enterprise that facilitates the sharing of 
intelligence information among elements of the Intelligence 
Community;

(7) Shall ensure that appropriate departments and agencies have access to 
intelligence and receive the support needed to perform independent 
analysis;

(8) Shall protect, and ensure that programs are developed to protect, 
intelligence sources, methods, and activities from unauthorized disclosure;

(9) Shall, after consultation with the heads of affected departments and 
agencies, establish guidelines for Intelligence Community elements for:

    (A) Classification and declassification of all intelligence 
and intelligence-related information classified under the 
authority of the Director or the authority of the head of a 
department or Intelligence Community element; and
    (B) Access to and dissemination of all intelligence and 
intelligence-related information, both in its final form and in 
the form when initially gathered, to include intelligence 
originally classified by the head of a department or Intelligence 
Community element, except that access to and dissemination of 
information concerning United States persons shall be governed by 
procedures developed in accordance with Part 2 of this order;

(10) May, only with respect to Intelligence Community elements, and after 
consultation with thehead of the originating Intelligence Community element 
or the head of the originating department, declassify, or direct the 
declassification of, information or intelligence relating to intelligence 
sources, methods, and activities. The Director may only delegate this 
authority to the Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence;

[[Page 222]]

(11) May establish, operate, and direct one or more national intelligence 
centers to address intelligence priorities;

(12) May establish Functional Managers and Mission Managers, and designate 
officers or employees of the United States to serve in these positions.

    (A) Functional Managers shall report to the Director 
concerning the execution of their duties as Functional Managers, 
and may be charged with developing and implementing strategic 
guidance, policies, and procedures for activities related to a 
specific intelligence discipline or set of intelligence 
activities; set training and tradecraft standards; and ensure 
coordination within and across intelligence disciplines and 
Intelligence Community elements and with related non-intelligence 
activities. Functional Managers may also advise the Director on: 
the management of resources; policies and procedures; collection 
capabilities and gaps; processing and dissemination of 
intelligence; technical architectures; and other issues or 
activities determined by the Director.
(i) The Director of the National Security Agency is designated the 
Functional Manager for signals intelligence;
(ii) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency is designated 
the Functional Manager for human intelligence; and
(iii) The Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency 
is designated the Functional Manager for geospatial intelligence.
    (B) Mission Managers shall serve as principal substantive 
advisors on all or specified aspects of intelligence related to 
designated countries, regions, topics, or functional issues;

(13) Shall establish uniform criteria for the determination of relative 
priorities for the transmission of critical foreign intelligence, and 
advise the Secretary of Defense concerning the communications requirements 
of the Intelligence Community for the transmission of such communications;

(14) Shall have ultimate responsibility for production and dissemination of 
intelligence produced by the Intelligence Community and authority to levy 
analytic tasks on intelligence production organizations within the 
Intelligence Community, in consultation with the heads of the Intelligence 
Community elements concerned;

(15) May establish advisory groups for the purpose of obtaining advice from 
within the Intelligence Community to carry out the Director's 
responsibilities, to include Intelligence Community executive management 
committees composed of senior Intelligence Community leaders. Advisory 
groups shall consist of representatives from elements of the Intelligence 
Community, as designated by the Director, or other executive branch 
departments, agencies, and offices, as appropriate;

(16) Shall ensure the timely exploitation and dissemination of data 
gathered by national intelligence collection means, and ensure that the 
resulting intelligence is disseminated immediately to appropriate 
government elements, including military commands;

(17) Shall determine requirements and priorities for, and manage and direct 
the tasking, collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of, 
national intelligence by elements of the Intelligence Community, including 
approving requirements for collection and analysis and resolving

[[Page 223]]

conflicts in collection requirements and in the tasking of national 
collection assets of Intelligence Community elements (except when otherwise 
directed by the President or when the Secretary of Defense exercises 
collection tasking authority under plans and arrangements approved by the 
Secretary of Defense and the Director);

(18) May provide advisory tasking concerning collection and analysis of 
information or intelligence relevant to national intelligence or national 
security to departments, agencies, and establishments of the United States 
Government that are not elements of the Intelligence Community; and shall 
establish procedures, in consultation with affected heads of departments or 
agencies and subject to approval by the Attorney General, to implement this 
authority and to monitor or evaluate the responsiveness of United States 
Government departments, agencies, and other establishments;

(19) Shall fulfill the responsibilities in section 1.3(b)(17) and (18) of 
this order, consistent with applicable law and with full consideration of 
the rights of United States persons, whether information is to be collected 
inside or outside the United States;

(20) Shall ensure, through appropriate policies and procedures, the 
deconfliction, coordination, and integration of all intelligence activities 
conducted by an Intelligence Community element or funded by the National 
Intelligence Program. In accordance with these policies and procedures:

    (A) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall 
coordinate the clandestine collection of foreign intelligence 
collected through human sources or through human-enabled means and 
counterintelligence activities inside the United States;
    (B) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall 
coordinate the clandestine collection of foreign intelligence 
collected through human sources or through human-enabled means and 
counterintelligence activities outside the United States;
    (C) All policies and procedures for the coordination of 
counterintelligence activities and the clandestine collection of 
foreign intelligence inside the United States shall be subject to 
the approval of the Attorney General; and
    (D) All policies and procedures developed under this section 
shall be coordinated with the heads of affected departments and 
Intelligence Community elements;

(21) Shall, with the concurrence of the heads of affected departments and 
agencies, establish joint procedures to deconflict, coordinate, and 
synchronize intelligence activities conducted by an Intelligence Community 
element or funded by the National Intelligence Program, with intelligence 
activities, activities that involve foreign intelligence and security 
services, or activities that involve the use of clandestine methods, 
conducted by other United States Government departments, agencies, and 
establishments;

(22) Shall, in coordination with the heads of departments containing 
elements of the Intelligence Community, develop procedures to govern major 
system acquisitions funded in whole or in majority part by the National 
Intelligence Program;

[[Page 224]]

(23) Shall seek advice from the Secretary of State to ensure that the 
foreign policy implications of proposed intelligence activities are 
considered, and shall ensure, through appropriate policies and procedures, 
that intelligence activities are conducted in a manner consistent with the 
responsibilities pursuant to law and presidential direction of Chiefs of 
United States Missions; and

(24) Shall facilitate the use of Intelligence Community products by the 
Congress in a secure manner.

(c) The Director's exercise of authorities in the Act and this order 
shall not abrogate the statutory or other responsibilities of the heads 
of departments of the United States Government or the Director of the 
Central Intelligence Agency. Directives issued and actions taken by the 
Director in the exercise of the Director's authorities and 
responsibilities to integrate, coordinate, and make the Intelligence 
Community more effective in providing intelligence related to national 
security shall be implemented by the elements of the Intelligence 
Community, provided that any department head whose department contains 
an element of the Intelligence Community and who believes that a 
directive or action of the Director violates the requirements of section 
1018 of the IRTPA or this subsection shall bring the issue to the 
attention of the Director, the NSC, or the President for resolution in a 
manner that respects and does not abrogate the statutory 
responsibilities of the heads of the departments.
(d) Appointments to certain positions.

(1) The relevant department or bureau head shall provide recommendations 
and obtain the concurrence of the Director for the selection of: the 
Director of the National Security Agency, the Director of the National 
Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
Agency, the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and 
Analysis, the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research, 
the Director of the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the 
Department of Energy, the Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis 
of the Department of the Treasury, and the Executive Assistant Director for 
the National Security Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. If the 
Director does not concur in the recommendation, the department head may not 
fill the vacancy or make the recommendation to the President, as the case 
may be. If the department head and the Director do not reach an agreement 
on the selection or recommendation, the Director and the department head 
concerned may advise the President directly of the Director's intention to 
withhold concurrence.

(2) The relevant department head shall consult with the Director before 
appointing an individual to fill a vacancy or recommending to the President 
an individual be nominated to fill a vacancy in any of the following 
positions: the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence; the Director of 
the Defense Intelligence Agency; uniformed heads of the intelligence 
elements of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps above 
the rank of Major General or Rear Admiral; the Assistant Commandant of the 
Coast Guard for Intelligence; and the Assistant Attorney General for 
National Security.

(e) Removal from certain positions.

(1) Except for the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, whose 
removal the Director may recommend to the President, the Director and

[[Page 225]]

the relevant department head shall consult on the removal, or 
recommendation to the President for removal, as the case may be, of: the 
Director of the National Security Agency, the Director of the National 
Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, the Director of the Defense Intelligence 
Agency, the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and 
Analysis, the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research, 
and the Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis of the Department 
of the Treasury. If the Director and the department head do not agree on 
removal, or recommendation for removal, either may make a recommendation to 
the President for the removal of the individual.

(2) The Director and the relevant department or bureau head shall consult 
on the removal of: the Executive Assistant Director for the National 
Security Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Director of the 
Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the Department of Energy, 
the Director of the National Reconnaissance Office, the Assistant 
Commandant of the Coast Guard for Intelligence, and the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Intelligence. With respect to an individual appointed by a 
department head, the department head may remove the individual upon the 
request of the Director; if the department head chooses not to remove the 
individual, either the Director or the department head may advise the 
President of the department head's intention to retain the individual. In 
the case of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, the Secretary 
of Defense may recommend to the President either the removal or the 
retention of the individual. For uniformed heads of the intelligence 
elements of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps, the 
Director may make a recommendation for removal to the Secretary of Defense.

(3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit or otherwise 
affect the authority of the President to nominate, appoint, assign, or 
terminate the appointment or assignment of any individual, with or without 
a consultation, recommendation, or concurrence.

1.4 The Intelligence Community. Consistent with applicable Federal law 
and with the other provisions of this order, and under the leadership of 
the Director, as specified in such law and this order, the Intelligence 
Community shall:
(a) Collect and provide information needed by the President and, in the 
performance of executive functions, the Vice President, the NSC, the 
Homeland Security Council, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
senior military commanders, and other executive branch officials and, as 
appropriate, the Congress of the United States;
(b) In accordance with priorities set by the President, collect 
information concerning, and conduct activities to protect against, 
international terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, 
intelligence activities directed against the United States, 
international criminal drug activities, and other hostile activities 
directed against the United States by foreign powers, organizations, 
persons, and their agents;
(c) Analyze, produce, and disseminate intelligence;
(d) Conduct administrative, technical, and other support activities 
within the United States and abroad necessary for the performance of 
authorized

[[Page 226]]

activities, to include providing services of common concern for the 
Intelligence Community as designated by the Director in accordance with 
this order;
(e) Conduct research, development, and procurement of technical systems 
and devices relating to authorized functions and missions or the 
provision of services of common concern for the Intelligence Community;
(f) Protect the security of intelligence related activities, 
information, installations, property, and employees by appropriate 
means, including such investigations of applicants, employees, 
contractors, and other persons with similar associations with the 
Intelligence Community elements as are necessary;
(g) Take into account State, local, and tribal governments' and, as 
appropriate, private sector entities' information needs relating to 
national and homeland security;
(h) Deconflict, coordinate, and integrate all intelligence activities 
and other information gathering in accordance with section 1.3(b)(20) of 
this order; and

(i) Perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence 
activities as the President may direct.

1.5 Duties and Responsibilities of the Heads of Executive Branch 
Departments and Agencies. The heads of all departments and agencies 
shall:
(a) Provide the Director access to all information and intelligence 
relevant to the national security or that otherwise is required for the 
performance of the Director's duties, to include administrative and 
other appropriate management information, except such information 
excluded by law, by the President, or by the Attorney General acting 
under this order at the direction of the President;
(b) Provide all programmatic and budgetary information necessary to 
support the Director in developing the National Intelligence Program;
(c) Coordinate development and implementation of intelligence systems 
and architectures and, as appropriate, operational systems and 
architectures of their departments, agencies, and other elements with 
the Director to respond to national intelligence requirements and all 
applicable information sharing and security guidelines, information 
privacy, and other legal requirements;
(d) Provide, to the maximum extent permitted by law, subject to the 
availability of appropriations and not inconsistent with the mission of 
the department or agency, such further support to the Director as the 
Director may request, after consultation with the head of the department 
or agency, for the performance of the Director's functions;
(e) Respond to advisory tasking from the Director under section 
1.3(b)(18) of this order to the greatest extent possible, in accordance 
with applicable policies established by the head of the responding 
department or agency;
(f) Ensure that all elements within the department or agency comply with 
the provisions of Part 2 of this order, regardless of Intelligence 
Community affiliation, when performing foreign intelligence and 
counterintelligence functions;

[[Page 227]]

(g) Deconflict, coordinate, and integrate all intelligence activities in 
accordance with section 1.3(b)(20), and intelligence and other 
activities in accordance with section 1.3(b)(21) of this order;
(h) Inform the Attorney General, either directly or through the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of clandestine collection of 
foreign intelligence and counterintelligence activities inside the 
United States not coordinated with the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
(i) Pursuant to arrangements developed by the head of the department or 
agency and the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and approved 
by the Director, inform the Director and the Director of the Central 
Intelligence Agency, either directly or through his designee serving 
outside the United States, as appropriate, of clandestine collection of 
foreign intelligence collected through human sources or through human-
enabled means outside the United States that has not been coordinated 
with the Central Intelligence Agency; and
(j) Inform the Secretary of Defense, either directly or through his 
designee, as appropriate, of clandestine collection of foreign 
intelligence outside the United States in a region of combat or 
contingency military operations designated by the Secretary of Defense, 
for purposes of this paragraph, after consultation with the Director of 
National Intelligence.
1.6 Heads of Elements of the Intelligence Community. The heads of 
elements of the Intelligence Community shall:
(a) Provide the Director access to all information and intelligence 
relevant to the national security or that otherwise is required for the 
performance of the Director's duties, to include administrative and 
other appropriate management information, except such information 
excluded by law, by the President, or by the Attorney General acting 
under this order at the direction of the President;
(b) Report to the Attorney General possible violations of Federal 
criminal laws by employees and of specified Federal criminal laws by any 
other person as provided in procedures agreed upon by the Attorney 
General and the head of the department, agency, or establishment 
concerned, in a manner consistent with the protection of intelligence 
sources and methods, as specified in those procedures;
(c) Report to the Intelligence Oversight Board, consistent with 
Executive Order 13462 of February 29, 2008, and provide copies of all 
such reports to the Director, concerning any intelligence activities of 
their elements that they have reason to believe may be unlawful or 
contrary to executive order or presidential directive;
(d) Protect intelligence and intelligence sources, methods, and 
activities from unauthorized disclosure in accordance with guidance from 
the Director;
(e) Facilitate, as appropriate, the sharing of information or 
intelligence, as directed by law or the President, to State, local, 
tribal, and private sector entities;
(f) Disseminate information or intelligence to foreign governments and 
international organizations under intelligence or counterintelligence 
arrangements or agreements established in accordance with section 
1.3(b)(4) of this order;

[[Page 228]]

(g) Participate in the development of procedures approved by the 
Attorney General governing production and dissemination of information 
or intelligence resulting from criminal drug intelligence activities 
abroad if they have intelligence responsibilities for foreign or 
domestic criminal drug production and trafficking; and
(h) Ensure that the inspectors general, general counsels, and agency 
officials responsible for privacy or civil liberties protection for 
their respective organizations have access to any information or 
intelligence necessary to perform their official duties.
1.7 Intelligence Community Elements. Each element of the Intelligence 
Community shall have the duties and responsibilities specified below, in 
addition to those specified by law or elsewhere in this order. 
Intelligence Community elements within executive departments shall serve 
the information and intelligence needs of their respective heads of 
departments and also shall operate as part of an integrated Intelligence 
Community, as provided in law or this order.
(a) THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY. The Director of the Central 
Intelligence Agency shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and 
disseminate foreign intelligence and counterintelligence;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities without assuming or performing 
any internal security functions within the United States;

(3) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and 
outside the United States as necessary for cover and proprietary 
arrangements;

(4) Conduct covert action activities approved by the President. No agency 
except the Central Intelligence Agency (or the Armed Forces of the United 
States in time of war declared by the Congress or during any period covered 
by a report from the President to the Congress consistent with the War 
Powers Resolution, Public Law 93-148) may conduct any covert action 
activity unless the President determines that another agency is more likely 
to achieve a particular objective;

(5) Conduct foreign intelligence liaison relationships with intelligence or 
security services of foreign governments or international organizations 
consistent with section 1.3(b)(4) of this order;

(6) Under the direction and guidance of the Director, and in accordance 
with section 1.3(b)(4) of this order, coordinate the implementation of 
intelligence and counterintelligence relationships between elements of the 
Intelligence Community and the intelligence or security services of foreign 
governments or international organizations; and

(7) Perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence as the 
Director may direct.

(b) THE DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY. The Director of the Defense 
Intelligence Agency shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and 
disseminate foreign intelligence and counterintelligence to support 
national and departmental missions;

[[Page 229]]

(2) Collect, analyze, produce, or, through tasking and coordination, 
provide defense and defense-related intelligence for the Secretary of 
Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, combatant commanders, 
other Defense components, and non-Defense agencies;

(3) Conduct counterintelligence activities;

(4) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and 
outside the United States as necessary for cover and proprietary 
arrangements;

(5) Conduct foreign defense intelligence liaison relationships and defense 
intelligence exchange programs with foreign defense establishments, 
intelligence or security services of foreign governments, and international 
organizations in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) 
of this order;

(6) Manage and coordinate all matters related to the Defense Attach[eacute] 
system; and

(7) Provide foreign intelligence and counterintelligence staff support as 
directed by the Secretary of Defense.

(c) THE NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY. The Director of the National Security 
Agency shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), process, analyze, 
produce, and disseminate signals intelligence information and data for 
foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes to support national 
and departmental missions;

(2) Establish and operate an effective unified organization for signals 
intelligence activities, except for the delegation of operational control 
over certain operations that are conducted through other elements of the 
Intelligence Community. No other department or agency may engage in signals 
intelligence activities except pursuant to a delegation by the Secretary of 
Defense, after coordination with the Director;

(3) Control signals intelligence collection and processing activities, 
including assignment of resources to an appropriate agent for such periods 
and tasks as required for the direct support of military commanders;

(4) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and 
outside the United States as necessary for cover arrangements;

(5) Provide signals intelligence support for national and departmental 
requirements and for the conduct of military operations;

(6) Act as the National Manager for National Security Systems as 
established in law and policy, and in this capacity be responsible to the 
Secretary of Defense and to the Director;

(7) Prescribe, consistent with section 102A(g) of the Act, within its field 
of authorized operations, security regulations covering operating 
practices, including the transmission, handling, and distribution of 
signals intelligence and communications security material within and among 
the elements under control of the Director of the National Security Agency, 
and exercise the necessary supervisory control to ensure compliance with 
the regulations; and

[[Page 230]]

(8) Conduct foreign cryptologic liaison relationships in accordance with 
sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this order.

(d) THE NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE OFFICE. The Director of the National 
Reconnaissance Office shall:

(1) Be responsible for research and development, acquisition, launch, 
deployment, and operation of overhead systems and related data processing 
facilities to collect intelligence and information to support national and 
departmental missions and other United States Government needs; and

(2) Conduct foreign liaison relationships relating to the above missions, 
in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this 
order.

(e) THE NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY. The Director of the 
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency shall:

(1) Collect, process, analyze, produce, and disseminate geospatial 
intelligence information and data for foreign intelligence and 
counterintelligence purposes to support national and departmental missions;

(2) Provide geospatial intelligence support for national and departmental 
requirements and for the conduct of military operations;

(3) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and 
outside the United States as necessary for cover arrangements; and

(4) Conduct foreign geospatial intelligence liaison relationships, in 
accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this order.

(f) THE INTELLIGENCE AND COUNTERINTELLIGENCE ELEMENTS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, 
AIR FORCE, AND MARINE CORPS. The Commanders and heads of the 
intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the Army, Navy, Air 
Force, and Marine Corps shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), produce, analyze, and 
disseminate defense and defense-related intelligence and 
counterintelligence to support departmental requirements, and, as 
appropriate, national requirements;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities;

(3) Monitor the development, procurement, and management of tactical 
intelligence systems and equipment and conduct related research, 
development, and test and evaluation activities; and

(4) Conduct military intelligence liaison relationships and military 
intelligence exchange programs with selected cooperative foreign defense 
establishments and international organizations in accordance with sections 
1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this order.

(g) INTELLIGENCE ELEMENTS OF THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION. Under 
the supervision of the Attorney General and pursuant to such regulations 
as the Attorney General may establish, the intelligence elements of the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and 
disseminate foreign intelligence and counterintelligence to support 
national and departmental missions, in accordance with procedural 
guidelines approved by the Attorney General, after consultation with the 
Director;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities; and

[[Page 231]]

(3) Conduct foreign intelligence and counterintelligence liaison 
relationships with intelligence, security, and law enforcement services of 
foreign governments or international organizations in accordance with 
sections 1.3(b)(4) and 1.7(a)(6) of this order.

(h) THE INTELLIGENCE AND COUNTERINTELLIGENCE ELEMENTS OF THE COAST 
GUARD. The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and 
disseminate foreign intelligence and counterintelligence including defense 
and defense-related information and intelligence to support national and 
departmental missions;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities;

(3) Monitor the development, procurement, and management of tactical 
intelligence systems and equipment and conduct related research, 
development, and test and evaluation activities; and

(4) Conduct foreign intelligence liaison relationships and intelligence 
exchange programs with foreign intelligence services, security services or 
international organizations in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 
1.7(a)(6), and, when operating as part of the Department of Defense, 
1.10(i) of this order.

(i) THE BUREAU OF INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH, DEPARTMENT OF STATE; THE 
OFFICE OF INTELLIGENCE AND ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY; THE 
OFFICE OF NATIONAL SECURITY INTELLIGENCE, DRUG ENFORCEMENT 
ADMINISTRATION; THE OFFICE OF INTELLIGENCE AND ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF 
HOMELAND SECURITY; AND THE OFFICE OF INTELLIGENCE AND 
COUNTERINTELLIGENCE, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY. The heads of the Bureau of 
Intelligence and Research, Department of State; the Office of 
Intelligence and Analysis, Department of the Treasury; the Office of 
National Security Intelligence, Drug Enforcement Administration; the 
Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Department of Homeland Security; 
and the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Department of 
Energy shall:

(1) Collect (overtly or through publicly available sources), analyze, 
produce, and disseminate information, intelligence, and counterintelligence 
to support national and departmental missions; and

(2) Conduct and participate in analytic or information exchanges with 
foreign partners and international organizations in accordance with 
sections 1.3(b)(4) and 1.7(a)(6) of this order.

(j) THE OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE. The Director 
shall collect (overtly or through publicly available sources), analyze, 
produce, and disseminate information, intelligence, and 
counterintelligence to support the missions of the Office of the 
Director of National Intelligence, including the National 
Counterterrorism Center, and to support other national missions.
1.8 The Department of State. In addition to the authorities exercised by 
the Bureau of Intelligence and Research under sections 1.4 and 1.7(i) of 
this order, the Secretary of State shall:
(a) Collect (overtly or through publicly available sources) information 
relevant to United States foreign policy and national security concerns;

[[Page 232]]

(b) Disseminate, to the maximum extent possible, reports received from 
United States diplomatic and consular posts;
(c) Transmit reporting requirements and advisory taskings of the 
Intelligence Community to the Chiefs of United States Missions abroad; 
and
(d) Support Chiefs of United States Missions in discharging their 
responsibilities pursuant to law and presidential direction.
1.9 The Department of the Treasury. In addition to the authorities 
exercised by the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department 
of the Treasury under sections 1.4 and 1.7(i) of this order the 
Secretary of the Treasury shall collect (overtly or through publicly 
available sources) foreign financial information and, in consultation 
with the Department of State, foreign economic information.
1.10 The Department of Defense. The Secretary of Defense shall:
(a) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and 
disseminate information and intelligence and be responsive to collection 
tasking and advisory tasking by the Director;
(b) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and 
disseminate defense and defense-related intelligence and 
counterintelligence, as required for execution of the Secretary's 
responsibilities;
(c) Conduct programs and missions necessary to fulfill national, 
departmental, and tactical intelligence requirements;
(d) Conduct counterintelligence activities in support of Department of 
Defense components and coordinate counterintelligence activities in 
accordance with section 1.3(b)(20) and (21) of this order;
(e) Act, in coordination with the Director, as the executive agent of 
the United States Government for signals intelligence activities;
(f) Provide for the timely transmission of critical intelligence, as 
defined by the Director, within the United States Government;
(g) Carry out or contract for research, development, and procurement of 
technical systems and devices relating to authorized intelligence 
functions;
(h) Protect the security of Department of Defense installations, 
activities, information, property, and employees by appropriate means, 
including such investigations of applicants, employees, contractors, and 
other persons with similar associations with the Department of Defense 
as are necessary;
(i) Establish and maintain defense intelligence relationships and 
defense intelligence exchange programs with selected cooperative foreign 
defense establishments, intelligence or security services of foreign 
governments, and international organizations, and ensure that such 
relationships and programs are in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 
1.3(b)(21) and 1.7(a)(6) of this order;
(j) Conduct such administrative and technical support activities within 
and outside the United States as are necessary to provide for cover and 
proprietary arrangements, to perform the functions described in sections 
(a) though (i) above, and to support the Intelligence Community elements 
of the Department of Defense; and
(k) Use the Intelligence Community elements within the Department of 
Defense identified in section 1.7(b) through (f) and, when the Coast 
Guard is

[[Page 233]]

operating as part of the Department of Defense, (h) above to carry out 
the Secretary of Defense's responsibilities assigned in this section or 
other departments, agencies, or offices within the Department of 
Defense, as appropriate, to conduct the intelligence missions and 
responsibilities assigned to the Secretary of Defense.
1.11 The Department of Homeland Security. In addition to the authorities 
exercised by the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department 
of Homeland Security under sections 1.4 and 1.7(i) of this order, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security shall conduct, through the United States 
Secret Service, activities to determine the existence and capability of 
surveillance equipment being used against the President or the Vice 
President of the United States, the Executive Office of the President, 
and, as authorized by the Secretary of Homeland Security or the 
President, other Secret Service protectees and United States officials. 
No information shall be acquired intentionally through such activities 
except to protect against use of such surveillance equipment, and those 
activities shall be conducted pursuant to procedures agreed upon by the 
Secretary of Homeland Security and the Attorney General.
1.12 The Department of Energy. In addition to the authorities exercised 
by the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the Department 
of Energy under sections 1.4 and 1.7(i) of this order, the Secretary of 
Energy shall:
(a) Provide expert scientific, technical, analytic, and research 
capabilities to other agencies within the Intelligence Community, as 
appropriate;
(b) Participate in formulating intelligence collection and analysis 
requirements where the special expert capability of the Department can 
contribute; and
(c) Participate with the Department of State in overtly collecting 
information with respect to foreign energy matters.
1.13 The Federal Bureau of Investigation. In addition to the authorities 
exercised by the intelligence elements of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation of the Department of Justice under sections 1.4 and 1.7(g) 
of this order and under the supervision of the Attorney General and 
pursuant to such regulations as the Attorney General may establish, the 
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall provide technical 
assistance, within or outside the United States, to foreign intelligence 
and law enforcement services, consistent with section 1.3(b)(20) and 
(21) of this order, as may be necessary to support national or 
departmental missions.
Sec. 3. Part 2 of Executive Order 12333, as amended, is further amended 
by:
(a) In section 2.1, striking the first sentence and inserting in lieu 
thereof: ``Timely, accurate, and insightful information about the 
activities, capabilities, plans, and intentions of foreign powers, 
organizations, and persons, and their agents, is essential to informed 
decisionmaking in the areas of national security, national defense, and 
foreign relations.``;
(b) In section 2.1, inserting a comma after ``innovative'';
(c) In section 2.2, inserting ``, the spread of weapons of mass 
destruction,`` after ``international terrorist activities'' in the first 
sentence;

[[Page 234]]

(d) In the first sentence of section 2.3, striking ``Agencies within 
the'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Elements of the'', inserting a 
comma after ``retain'', striking ``agency'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Intelligence Community element'', and inserting ``or by the 
head of a department containing such element'' after ``concerned'';
(e) In section 2.3, inserting ``, after consultation with the Director'' 
preceding the period at the end of the first sentence;
(f) In section 2.3, inserting a comma after ``retention'' in the second 
sentence;
(g) In section 2.3(b), striking ``FBI'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)'';
 (h) In section 2.3(b), striking ``agencies'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``elements'' each time it appears;
(i) In section 2.3(c), striking ``narcotics'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``drug,'';
(j) In section 2.3(d), inserting a comma after ``victims'';
(k) In section 2.3(e), striking ``sources or methods'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``sources, methods, and activities'';
(l) In section 2.3(e), striking ``agencies'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``elements'' and striking ``agency'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``element'';
(m) In section 2.3(g), inserting a comma after ``physical'';
(n) In section 2.3(h), striking ``and'';
(o) In section 2.3(i), striking ``federal'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Federal'' and inserting a comma after ``local'';
(p) In the last sentence of section 2.3, striking ``agencies within'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``elements of'', striking ``, other than 
information derived from signals intelligence,'', striking ``agency'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``element'' in both instances and 
inserting immediately before the period: ``, except that information 
derived from signals intelligence may only be disseminated or made 
available to Intelligence Community elements in accordance with 
procedures established by the Director in coordination with the 
Secretary of Defense and approved by the Attorney General'';
(q) In the first three sentences of section 2.4, striking ``Agencies 
within'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Elements of''; striking 
``Agencies'' and inserting in lieu thereof ''Elements of the 
Intelligence Community''; and striking ``agency'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Intelligence Community element concerned or the head of a 
department containing such element'';
(r) In the second sentence of section 2.4, inserting ``, after 
consultation with the Director`` after ``Attorney General'';
(s) In section 2.4(a), striking ``CIA'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)'';
(t) In section 2.4(b) and (c), striking ``agencies'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``elements of the Intelligence Community''.
(u) In section 2.4(b)(2), striking the period and inserting in lieu 
thereof a semicolon;

[[Page 235]]

(v) In section 2.4(c)(1), striking ``agency'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``element'';
(w) In section 2.4(c)(2), striking the period and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``; and'';
(x) In section 2.4(d) striking ``than'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``that'';
(y) In section 2.5, striking the final sentence and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``The authority delegated pursuant to this paragraph, including 
the authority to approve the use of electronic surveillance as defined 
in the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, as amended, shall 
be exercised in accordance with that Act.'';
(z) In section 2.6, inserting ``and other Civil'' before ``Authorities'' 
in the caption and striking ``Agencies within'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Elements of'';
(aa) In section 2.6(a), inserting a comma after ``property'' and 
striking ``agency'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``element'';
(bb) In section 2.6(c), striking ``General Counsel'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``general counsel'', and striking ``agency'' and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``element or department'' in the second sentence;
(cc) In section 2.6(d), inserting ``or other civil'' before 
``authorities'';
(dd) In section 2.7, striking ``Agencies within'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Elements of'';
(ee) In section 2.9, striking ``agencies within'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``elements of'', and striking ``agency within'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``element of'' the first time it appears and ``Intelligence 
Community element'' the second and third times it appears;
(ff) In section 2.9, striking ``his'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``such person's'';
(gg) In section 2.9, inserting ``or the head of a department containing 
such element'' before ``and approved by the Attorney General``, and 
inserting '', after consultation with the Director'' after ``the 
Attorney General'';
(hh) In section 2.10, striking ``agency within'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``element of'', and inserting a comma after ``contract for'';
(ii) In section 2.12, striking ``agency'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``element''; and
(jj) At the end of Part 2, inserting a new section 2.13 as follows: 
``2.13 Limitation on Covert Action. No covert action may be conducted 
which is intended to influence United States political processes, public 
opinion, policies, or media.''.
Sec. 4. Part 3 of Executive Order 12333, as amended, is further amended 
by:
(a) In section 3.1, striking ``of Central Intelligence''; inserting 
``elements,'' after ``agencies,''; and striking ``special'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``covert action'';

[[Page 236]]

(b) Striking section 3.2 and inserting in lieu thereof: ``3.2 
Implementation. The President, supported by the NSC, and the Director 
shall issue such appropriate directives, procedures, and guidance as are 
necessary to implement this order. Heads of elements within the 
Intelligence Community shall issue appropriate procedures and 
supplementary directives consistent with this order. No procedures to 
implement Part 2 of this order shall be issued without the Attorney 
General's approval, after consultation with the Director. The Attorney 
General shall provide a statement of reasons for not approving any 
procedures established by the head of an element in the Intelligence 
Community (or the head of the department containing such element) other 
than the FBI. In instances where the element head or department head and 
the Attorney General are unable to reach agreements on other than 
constitutional or other legal grounds, the Attorney General, the head of 
department concerned, or the Director shall refer the matter to the 
NSC.'';
(c) Striking section 3.3 and inserting in lieu thereof: `` 3.3 
Procedures. The activities herein authorized that require procedures 
shall be conducted in accordance with existing procedures or 
requirements established under Executive Order 12333. New procedures, as 
required by Executive Order 12333, as further amended, shall be 
established as expeditiously as possible. All new procedures promulgated 
pursuant to Executive Order 12333, as amended, shall be made available 
to the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the Permanent 
Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.'';
(d) Inserting after section 3.3 the following new section: `` 3.4 
References and Transition. References to ``Senior Officials of the 
Intelligence Community'' or ``SOICs'' in executive orders or other 
Presidential guidance, shall be deemed references to the heads of 
elements in the Intelligence Community, unless the President otherwise 
directs; references in Intelligence Community or Intelligence Community 
element policies or guidance, shall be deemed to be references to the 
heads of elements of the Intelligence Community, unless the President or 
the Director otherwise directs.'';
(e) Striking ``3.4 Definitions'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``3.5 
Definitions'';
(f) Amending the definition of `` Counterintelligence'' in section 
3.5(a), as renumbered, by inserting ``identify, deceive, exploit, 
disrupt, or'' before ``protect against espionage'', inserting ``or their 
agents,'' after ``persons,'', inserting ``organizations or activities'' 
after terrorist, and striking ``activities, but not including personnel, 
physical, document or communications security programs'';
(g) Striking section 3.5(b)-(h), as renumbered, and inserting in lieu 
thereof:

``(b) Covert action means an activity or activities of the United States 
Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, 
where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not 
be apparent or acknowledged publicly, but does not include:

    (1) Activities the primary purpose of which is to acquire 
intelligence, traditional counterintelligence activities, 
traditional activities to improve or maintain the operational 
security of United States Government programs, or administrative 
activities;

[[Page 237]]

     (2) Traditional diplomatic or military activities or routine 
support to such activities;
     (3) Traditional law enforcement activities conducted by 
United States Government law enforcement agencies or routine 
support to such activities; or
    (4) Activities to provide routine support to the overt 
activities (other than activities described in paragraph (1), (2), 
or (3)) of other United States Government agencies abroad.

(c) Electronic surveillance means acquisition of a nonpublic communication 
by electronic means without the consent of a person who is a party to an 
electronic communication or, in the case of a nonelectronic communication, 
without the consent of a person who is visibly present at the place of 
communication, but not including the use of radio direction-finding 
equipment solely to determine the location of a transmitter.

(d) Employee means a person employed by, assigned or detailed to, or acting 
for an element within the Intelligence Community.

(e) Foreign intelligence means information relating to the capabilities, 
intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, 
foreign organizations, foreign persons, or international terrorists.

(f) Intelligence includes foreign intelligence and counterintelligence.

(g) Intelligence activities means all activities that elements of the 
Intelligence Community are authorized to conduct pursuant to this order.

(h) Intelligence Community and elements of the Intelligence Community 
refers to:

    (1) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence;
    (2) The Central Intelligence Agency;
    (3) The National Security Agency;
    (4) The Defense Intelligence Agency;
    (5) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency;
    (6) The National Reconnaissance Office;
    (7) The other offices within the Department of Defense for the 
collection of specialized national foreign intelligence through 
reconnaissance programs;
    (8) The intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the 
Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps;
    (9) The intelligence elements of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation;
    (10) The Office of National Security Intelligence of the Drug 
Enforcement Administration;
    (11) The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the 
Department of Energy;
    (12) The Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department 
of State;
    (13) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department 
of the Treasury;
    (14) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department 
of Homeland Security;

[[Page 238]]

    (15) The intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the 
Coast Guard; and
    (16) Such other elements of any department or agency as may be 
designated by the President, or designated jointly by the Director 
and the head of the department or agency concerned, as an element 
of the Intelligence Community.

(i) National Intelligence and Intelligence Related to National Security 
means all intelligence, regardless of the source from which derived and 
including information gathered within or outside the United States, that 
pertains, as determined consistent with any guidance issued by the 
President, or that is determined for the purpose of access to information 
by the Director in accordance with section 1.3(a)(1) of this order, to 
pertain to more than one United States Government agency; and that involves 
threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests; the 
development, proliferation, or use of weapons of mass destruction; or any 
other matter bearing on United States national or homeland security.

(j) The National Intelligence Program means all programs, projects, and 
activities of the Intelligence Community, as well as any other programs of 
the Intelligence Community designated jointly by the Director and the head 
of a United States department or agency or by the President. Such term does 
not include programs, projects, or activities of the military departments 
to acquire intelligence solely for the planning and conduct of tactical 
military operations by United States Armed Forces.''.

(h) Redesignating the definition of `` United States Person'' as section 
3.5(k) and therein striking ``agency'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``element'';
(i) Striking section 3.5;
(j) In section 3.6, striking ``Order No. 12036 of January 24, 1978, as 
amended, entitled ``United States Intelligence Activities,'' is'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``Orders 13354 and 13355 of August 27, 2004, 
are'', and inserting before the period ``; and paragraphs 1.3(b)(9) and 
(10) of Part 1 supersede provisions within Executive Order 12958, as 
amended, to the extent such provisions in Executive Order 12958, as 
amended, are inconsistent with this Order''; and
(k) Inserting the following new section 3.7 to read as follows:
``3.7 General Provisions.
(a) Consistent with section 1.3(c) of this order, nothing in this order 
shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(1) Authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head 
thereof; or

(2) Functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and 
subject to the availability of appropriations.
(c) This order is intended only to improve the internal management of 
the executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity, by any party against the United States, its departments, 
agencies or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other 
person.''.

[[Page 239]]

Sec. 5. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable by any party at law or 
in equity against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    July 30, 2008.




Executive Order 13471 of August 28, 2008

Further Amendments To Executive Order 13285, President's Council On 
Service And Civic Participation

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States, and in order to increase the membership and 
extend the duration of the President's Council on Service and Civic 
Participation, it is hereby ordered that Executive Order 13285 of 
January 29, 2003, as amended, is further amended as follows:
Section 1. Section 1 is amended by adding at the end of section 1 the 
following new subsection: ``(c) To conduct and vote on official business 
during meetings, the Council must convene a quorum of at least 10 
Council members.''
Sec. 2. Section 4(b) is amended to read: ``(b) Unless further extended 
by the President, this order shall expire on June 30, 2009.''
Sec. 3. Section 4 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following 
new subsection:
``(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.''
George W. Bush
The White House,
    August 28, 2008.




Executive Order 13472 of September 11, 2008

Executive Branch Responsibilities With Respect To Orders of Succession

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the Federal Government to ensure 
that each executive branch agency can perform its essential functions 
and remain an effectively functioning part of the Federal Government 
under all

[[Page 240]]

conditions. Accordingly, each agency shall take all appropriate actions 
to establish, maintain, and, as necessary, revise an order of 
succession, or to propose presidential action to establish or revise an 
order of succession.
Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this order:

(a) ``agency'' means:

    (i) an executive agency as defined in section 105 of title 5, 
United States Code, other than the Government Accountability 
Office; and
    (ii) the United States Postal Service and the Postal 
Regulatory Commission; and

(b) ``order of succession'' means a list of officials by position who shall 
act as and perform the functions and duties of the office of the head of 
the agency in the event that the office-holder has died, resigned, or 
otherwise become unable to perform the functions and duties of the office. 
``Order of succession'' does not include any order, rule, memorandum, or 
other document delegating or partially delegating the authority of an 
office.

Sec. 3. Orders of Succession Requiring Presidential Action. 

(a) Each agency for which presidential action is required to establish an 
order of succession shall draft a proposed order of succession if no such 
order exists and, not later than 30 days from the date of this order, send 
such proposed draft order to the Counsel to the President for review and 
comment.

(b) Each agency described in subsection 3(a) of this order shall send any 
proposed updates or revisions to the agency's order of succession to the 
Counsel to the President for review and comment.

(c) Upon completion of the requirements set forth by subsections (a) or (b) 
of this section with respect to a proposed order, the agency shall submit 
the proposed order to the Office of Management and Budget in accordance 
with Executive Order 11030, as amended.

Sec. 4. Orders of Succession Not Requiring Presidential Action. (a) Each 
agency for which presidential action is not required to establish an 
order of succession because of the agency's existing legal authority 
shall establish and maintain such order in accordance with applicable 
law and any applicable guidance issued by the President or the Secretary 
of Homeland Security, including the laws and guidance regarding 
continuity plans and programs for the executive branch.

(b) Each agency described in subsection 4(a) of this order shall update and 
revise its order of succession as necessary. Before implementing any 
revisions to its order of succession, such agency shall send the proposed 
revisions to the Counsel to the President for review and comment.

(c) Not later than 30 days from the date of this order, and not later than 
7 days from the issuance date of any subsequent final revision to an 
existing order of succession, each agency described in subsection 4(a) of 
this order shall provide a copy of its order of succession to the Counsel 
to the President, the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and 
Counterterrorism, and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

Sec. 5. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

[[Page 241]]

    (i) authority granted by law to a department, agency, or the 
head thereof; or
    (ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget relating to budget, administrative, or legislative 
proposals.

(b) Nothing in this order shall be construed to delegate the President's 
authority under the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et 
seq., to designate individuals to perform the functions and duties of a 
vacant office temporarily in an acting capacity.

(c) This order shall be implemented in a manner consistent with applicable 
law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(d) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by any 
party against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

George W. Bush
The White House,
    September 11, 2008.




Executive Order 13473 of September 25, 2008

To Authorize Certain Noncompetitive Appointments in the Civil Service 
for Spouses of Certain Members of the Armed Forces

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including sections 3301 and 3302 
of title 5, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It shall be the policy of the United States to 
provide for the appropriately expedited recruitment and selection of 
spouses of members of the Armed Forces for appointment to positions in 
the competitive service of the Federal civil service as part of the 
effort of the United States to recruit and retain in military service, 
skilled and experienced members of the Armed Forces and to recognize and 
honor the service of such members injured, disabled, or killed in 
connection with their service.
Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this order:
    (a) the term ``agency'' has the meaning specified for the term 
``executive agency'' in section 105 of title 5, United States Code, but 
does not include the Government Accountability Office;
    (b) the term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning specified for that 
term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code;
    (c) the term ``active duty'' means full-time duty in an armed force 
and includes full-time National Guard duty, except that, for Reserve 
Component members, the term ``active duty'' does not include training 
duties or attendance at service schools.
    (d) the term ``permanent change of station'' means the assignment, 
detail, or transfer of a member of the Armed Forces serving at a present 
permanent

[[Page 242]]

duty station to a different permanent duty station under a competent 
authorization or order that does not:

  (i) specify the duty as temporary;

  (ii) provide for assignment, detail, or transfer, after that different 
permanent duty station, to a further different permanent duty station; or 
(iii) direct return to the present permanent duty station; and

    (e) the term ``totally disabled retired or separated member'' means 
a member of the Armed Forces who:

  (i) retired under chapter 61 of title 10, United States Code, with a 
disability rating at the time of retirement of 100 per cent; or (ii) 
retired or separated from the Armed Forces and has a disability rating of 
100 percent from the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Sec. 3. Noncompetitive Appointment Authority. Consistent with the policy 
set forth in section 1 of this order and such regulations as the 
Director of the Office of Personnel Management may prescribe, the head 
of an agency may make a noncompetitive appointment to any position in 
the competitive service, for which the individual is qualified, of an 
individual who is:
    (a) the spouse of a member of the Armed Forces who, as determined by 
the Secretary of Defense, is performing active duty pursuant to orders 
that authorize a permanent change of station move, if such spouse 
relocates to the member's new permanent duty station;
    (b) the spouse of a totally disabled retired or separated member of 
the Armed Forces; or
    (c) the unremarried widow or widower of a member of the Armed Forces 
killed while performing active duty.
Sec. 4. Administrative Provisions. The heads of agencies shall employ, 
as appropriate, appointment authority available to them, in addition to 
the authority granted by section 3 of this order, to carry out the 
policy set forth in section 1.
Sec. 5. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

  (i) authority granted by law to a department or agency or the head 
thereof; and

  (ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative functions.

    (b) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    September 25, 2008.

[[Page 243]]





Executive Order 13474 of September 26, 2008

Amendments to Executive Order 12962

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, and in order to conserve, restore, 
and enhance aquatic systems to provide for increased recreational 
fishing opportunities nationwide, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Executive Order 12962 of June 7, 1995, is hereby amended: (a) 
in the preamble, by striking ``and the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and 
Management Act (16 U.S.C 1801-1882)'' and inserting before ``, and other 
pertinent statutes,'' the following:
``the National Marine Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.), 
the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 
U.S.C. 668dd-ee), the National Park Service Organic Act (16 U.S.C. 1 et 
seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), 
Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.), the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery 
Conservation and Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.), the Coastal 
Zone Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq.), the Outer Continental 
Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.)''; and
    (b) by redesignating subsections (d) through (i) in section 1 as 
subsections (e) through (j), respectively, and inserting after 
subsection (c) the following new subsection:
    ``(d) ensuring that recreational fishing shall be managed as a 
sustainable activity in national wildlife refuges, national parks, 
national monuments, national marine sanctuaries, marine protected areas, 
or any other relevant conservation or management areas or activities 
under any Federal authority, consistent with applicable law;''.
Sec. 2. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    September 26, 2008.




Executive Order 13475 of October 7, 2008

Further Amendments To Executive Orders 12139 And 12949 In Light of the 
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including sections 104 and 303 of 
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801 et 
seq.), as amended by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 
Amendments Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-261), it is hereby ordered as 
follows:

[[Page 244]]

Section 1. Section 1-103 of Executive Order 12139 of May 23, 1979, as 
amended, is further amended by:
    (a) striking ``(7)'' each place it appears and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``(6)'';
    (b) adding after subsection (h) ``(i) Deputy Director of the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation.''; and
    (c) by adding after the sentence that begins ``None of the above 
officials . . .'', a new sentence to read ``The requirement of the 
preceding sentence that the named official must be appointed by the 
President with the advice and consent of the Senate does not apply to 
the Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.''
Sec. 2. Section 3 of Executive Order 12949 of February 9, 1995, as 
amended, is further amended by:
    (a) striking ``(7)'' each place it appears and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``(6)'';
    (b) striking ``and'' at the end of subsection (g);
    (c) striking the period at the end of subsection (h) and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``; and'';
    (d) adding after subsection (h) ``(i) Deputy Director of the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation.''; and
    (e) by adding after the sentence that begins ``None of the above 
officials . . .'', a new sentence to read ``The requirement of the 
preceding sentence that the named official must be appointed by the 
President with the advice and consent of the Senate does not apply to 
the Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.''
Sec. 3. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    October 7, 2008.




Executive Order 13476 of October 9, 2008

Facilitation of a Presidential Transition

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 7301 of title 5, 
United States Code, and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention 
Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458) (IRTPA), and in order to further the 
purposes of the Presidential Transition Act of 1963, as amended, and to 
assist the presidential transition, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Presidential Transition Coordination. (a) To assist and 
support the transition efforts of the transition teams for the ``major 
party'' ``candidates,'' as those terms are used in the IRTPA and defined 
in section 9002(2) and (6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 
U.S.C. 9002(2), (6)), and the President-elect, there is established a 
Presidential Transition Coordinating Council (Council).

[[Page 245]]

    (b) The Council shall be composed of the following officials or 
their designees:

(i) Chief of Staff to the President, who shall serve as Chair;

 (ii) Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, 
who shall serve as Vice Chair;

 (iii) Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy;

 (iv) Counsel to the President;

 (v) Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel;

 (vi) Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs;

 (vii) Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and 
Counterterrorism;

 (viii) Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director, 
National Economic Council;

 (ix) Attorney General;

 (x) Director of National Intelligence;

 (xi) Director of the Office of Management and Budget;

 (xii) Director of the Office of Personnel Management;

 (xiii) Administrator of General Services;

 (xiv) Archivist of the United States;

 (xv) Director of the Office of Government Ethics; and

 (xvi) Such others as the President or the Chair of the Council may select.

    (c) The Council shall assist the major party candidates and the 
President-elect by making every reasonable effort to facilitate the 
transition between administrations. This assistance may include, among 
other things, providing information relevant to facilitating the 
personnel aspects of a presidential transition and such other 
information that, in the Council's judgment, is useful and appropriate, 
as long as providing such information is not otherwise prohibited by 
law.
    (d) In order to obtain a wide range of facts and information on 
prior transitions and best practices, the Council, its members, or their 
designees may, from time to time, seek information from private 
individuals, including individuals within outside organizations, who 
have significant experience or expertise in presidential transitions. 
The Council, its members, or their designees shall endeavor to obtain 
such facts and information from individuals representing a range of 
bipartisan or nonpartisan viewpoints. If the Council, its members, or 
their designees find it necessary to seek advice from private 
individuals or outside organizations, such counsel should be sought in a 
manner that seeks individual advice and does not involve collective 
judgment or deliberation.
    (e) It shall be the policy of the Council to provide appropriate 
information and assistance to the major party candidates on an equal 
basis and without regard for party affiliation.
Sec. 2. Transition Activities and Materials. (a) At the direction of the 
Council or its designee(s), the Administrator of General Services shall 
coordinate

[[Page 246]]

orientation activities with the appropriate agencies, including the 
Office of Government Ethics and the Office of Personnel Management, for 
key prospective presidential appointees.
    (b) At the direction of the Council or its designee(s), the White 
House Office of Presidential Personnel shall supplement as appropriate 
and necessary the electronic record of all title 5 presidentially 
appointed positions provided by the Office of Personnel Management to 
the major party candidates pursuant to section 8403(b) of IRTPA.
    (c) The Suitability and Security Clearance Performance 
Accountability Council shall coordinate with the Council when performing 
those functions authorized by Executive Order 13467 of June 30, 2008, 
that are necessary to assist in transition-related activities.
    (d) At the direction of the Council or its designee(s), executive 
departments and agencies shall prepare a set of briefing materials for 
new political appointees before the inauguration of the President-elect. 
The current Administration shall work with the incoming transition team 
to provide copies of all such materials.
    (e) At the direction of the Council or its designee(s) and 
consistent with the Presidential Transition Act of 1963, as amended, the 
Administrator of General Services, in consultation with the Archivist of 
the United States and other appropriate agencies, shall develop a 
Transition Directory. This directory shall include Federal publications 
and other materials that provide information on each executive 
department and agency.
Sec. 3. Transition Agreements. To assist and support the transition, 
transition agreements between the White House or appropriate executive 
branch departments and agencies and the transition teams for the major 
party candidates and the President-elect will be entered into, as 
necessary, regarding transition procedures and identification of 
transition contacts.
Sec. 4. General Provisions. (a) In order to take appropriate account of 
the transition reforms made by IRTPA and to further update and clarify 
the presidential transition process, this order supersedes Executive 
Order 13176 of November 27, 2000.
    (b) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise 
affect:

(i) authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head 
thereof; or

(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budget, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (c) This order is intended only to facilitate the transition and is 
not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive 
or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by any party against the 
United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, its 
officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
    (d) Unless extended by the President, this order shall expire on 
February 20, 2009.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    October 9, 2008.

[[Page 247]]





Executive Order 13477 of October 31, 2008

Settlement of Claims Against Libya

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, and pursuant to the August 14, 
2008, claims settlement agreement between the United States of America 
and Libya (Claims Settlement Agreement), and in recognition of the 
October 31, 2008, certification of the Secretary of State, pursuant to 
section 5(a)(2) of the Libyan Claims Resolution Act (Public Law 110-
301), and in order to continue the process of normalizing relations 
between the United States and Libya, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. All claims within the terms of Article I of the Claims 
Settlement Agreement (Article I) are settled.
    (a) Claims of United States nationals within the terms of Article I 
are espoused by the United States and are settled according to the terms 
of the Claims Settlement Agreement.
    (i) No United States national may assert or maintain any claim 
within the terms of Article I in any forum, domestic or foreign, 
except under the procedures provided for by the Secretary of 
State.
    (ii) Any pending suit in any court, domestic or foreign, by 
United States nationals (including any suit with a judgment that 
is still subject to appeal or other forms of direct judicial 
review) coming within the terms of Article I shall be terminated.
    (iii) The Secretary of State shall provide for procedures 
governing applications by United States nationals with claims 
within the terms of Article I for compensation for those claims.
    (iv) The Attorney General shall enforce this subsection 
through all appropriate means, which may include seeking the 
dismissal, with prejudice, of any claim of a United States 
national within the terms of Article I pending or filed in any 
forum, domestic or foreign.
    (b) Claims of foreign nationals within the terms of Article I are 
settled according to the terms of the Claims Settlement Agreement.
    (i) No foreign national may assert or maintain any claim 
coming within the terms of Article I in any court in the United 
States.
    (ii) Any pending suit in any court in the United States by 
foreign nationals (including any suit with a judgment that is 
still subject to appeal or other forms of direct judicial review) 
coming within the terms of Article I shall be terminated.
    (iii) Neither the dismissal of the lawsuit, nor anything in 
this order, shall affect the ability of any foreign national to 
pursue other available remedies for claims coming within the terms 
of Article I in foreign courts or through the efforts of foreign 
governments.
    (iv) The Attorney General shall enforce this subsection 
through all appropriate means, which may include seeking the 
dismissal, with prejudice, of any claim of a foreign national 
within the terms of Article I pending or filed in any court in the 
United States.
Sec. 2. For purposes of this order:

[[Page 248]]

    (a) The term ``United States national'' has the same meaning as 
``national of the United States'' in section 101(a)(22) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)), but also 
includes any entity organized under the laws of the United States or any 
jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches).
    (b) The term ``foreign national'' means any person other than a 
United States national.
    (c) The term ``person'' means any individual or entity, including 
both natural and juridical persons.
    (d) The term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, 
joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization.
Sec. 3. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other 
person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    October 31, 2008.




Executive Order 13478 of November 18, 2008

Amendments To Executive Order 9397 Relating To Federal Agency Use of 
Social Security Numbers

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws 
of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the United States that Federal 
agencies should conduct agency activities that involve personal 
identifiers in a manner consistent with protection of such identifiers 
against unlawful use.
Sec. 2. Amendments to Executive Order 9397. Executive Order 9397 of 
November 22, 1943, is amended:
    (a) in paragraph 1 by:
    (i) striking ``shall'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``may'';
    (ii) striking ``exclusively'';
    (iii) striking ``Title 26, section 402.502'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``title 20, section 422.103''; and
    (iv) striking ``the 1940 Supplement to'';
    (b) by striking ``Bureau of the Budget'' in paragraph 5 and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``Office of Management and Budget'';
    (c) by renumbering paragraph 6 as paragraph 8;
    (d) by inserting immediately following paragraph 5 the following new 
paragraphs:
    ``6. This order shall be implemented in accordance with 
applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

[[Page 249]]

    ``7. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or 
in equity, by any party against the United States, its 
departments, agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, its 
officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.''; and
    (e) by striking ``Board'' each place it appears and inserting in 
lieu thereof in each such place ``Administration''.
Sec. 3. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or 
any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    November 18, 2008.




Executive Order 13479 of November 18, 2008

Transformation of the National Air Transportation System

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to establish 
and maintain a national air transportation system that meets the present 
and future civil aviation, homeland security, economic, environmental 
protection, and national defense needs of the United States, including 
through effective implementation of the Next Generation Air 
Transportation System (NextGen).
Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this order the term ``Next Generation 
Air Transportation System'' means the system to which section 709 of the 
Vision 100--Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (Public Law 108-176) 
(Act) refers.
Sec. 3. Functions of the Secretary of Transportation. Consistent with 
sections 709 and 710 of the Act and the policy set forth in section 1 of 
this order, the Secretary of Transportation shall:
    (a) take such action within the authority of the Secretary, and 
recommend as appropriate to the President such action as is within the 
authority of the President, to implement the policy set forth in section 
1 of this order and in particular to implement the NextGen in a safe, 
secure, timely, environmentally sound, efficient, and effective manner;
    (b) convene quarterly, unless the Secretary determines that meeting 
less often is consistent with effective implementation of the policy set 
forth in section 1 of this order, the Senior Policy Committee 
established pursuant to section 710 of the Act (Committee);
    (c) not later than 60 days after the date of this order, establish 
within the Department of Transportation a support staff (Staff), 
including employees from departments and agencies assigned pursuant to 
subsection 4(e) of this order, to support, as directed by the Secretary, 
the Secretary and the Committee in the performance of their duties 
relating to the policy set forth in section 1 of this order; and

[[Page 250]]

    (d) not later than 180 days after the date of this order, establish 
an advisory committee to provide advice to the Secretary and, through 
the Secretary, the Committee concerning the implementation of the policy 
set forth in section 1 of this order, including aviation-related 
subjects and any related performance measures specified by the 
Secretary, pursuant to section 710 of the Act.
Sec. 4. Functions of Other Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies. 
Consistent with the policy set forth in section 1 of this order:
    (a) the Secretary of Defense shall assist the Secretary of 
Transportation by:
    (i) collaborating, as appropriate, and verifying that the 
NextGen meets the national defense needs of the United States 
consistent with the policies and plans established under 
applicable Presidential guidance; and
    (ii) furnishing, as appropriate, data streams to integrate 
national defense capabilities of the United States civil and 
military systems relating to the national air transportation 
system, and coordinating the development of requirements and 
capabilities to address tracking and other activities relating to 
non-cooperative aircraft in consultation with the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, as appropriate;
    (b) the Secretary of Commerce shall:
    (i) develop and make available, as appropriate, the 
capabilities of the Department of Commerce, including those 
relating to aviation weather and spectrum management, to support 
the NextGen; and
    (ii) take appropriate account of the needs of the NextGen in 
the trade, commerce, and other activities of the Department of 
Commerce, including those relating to the development and setting 
of standards;
    (c) the Secretary of Homeland Security shall assist the Secretary of 
Transportation by ensuring that:
    (i) the NextGen includes the aviation-related security 
capabilities necessary to ensure the security of persons, 
property, and activities within the national air transportation 
system consistent with the policies and plans established under 
applicable Presidential guidance; and
    (ii) the Department of Homeland Security shall continue to 
carry out all statutory and assigned responsibilities relating to 
aviation security, border security, and critical infrastructure 
protection in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, as 
appropriate;
    (d) the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration shall carry out the Administrator's duties under 
Executive Order 13419 of December 20, 2006, in a manner consistent with 
that order and the policy set forth in section 1 of this order;
    (e) the heads of executive departments and agencies shall provide to 
the Secretary of Transportation such information and assistance, 
including personnel and other resources for the Staff to which 
subsection 3(c) of this order refers, as may be necessary and 
appropriate to implement this order as agreed to by the heads of the 
departments and agencies involved; and
    (f) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget may issue 
such instructions as may be necessary to implement subsection 5(b) of 
this order.

[[Page 251]]

Sec. 5. Additional Functions of the Senior Policy Committee. In addition 
to performing the functions specified in section 710 of the Act, the 
Committee shall:
    (a) report not less often than every 2 years to the President, 
through the Secretary of Transportation, on progress made and projected 
to implement the policy set forth in section 1 of this order, together 
with such recommendations including performance measures for 
administrative or other action as the Committee determines appropriate;
    (b) review the proposals by the heads of executive departments and 
agencies to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget with 
respect to programs affecting the policy set forth in section 1 of this 
order, and make recommendations including performance measures thereon, 
through the Secretary of Transportation, to the Director; and
    (c) advise the Secretary of Transportation and, through the 
Secretary of Transportation, the Secretaries of Defense, Commerce, and 
Homeland Security, and the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration, with respect to the activities of their 
departments and agencies in the implementation of the policy set forth 
in section 1 of this order.
Sec. 6. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:
    (i) authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the 
head thereof; or
    (ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget relating to budget, administrative, or legislative 
proposals.
    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or 
any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    November 18, 2008.




Executive Order 13480 of November 26, 2008

Exclusions From the Federal Labor-Management Relations Program

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 7103(b)(1) of 
title 5, United States Code, and in order to reflect the effects of the 
reorganization and restructuring of the Departments of Energy, Homeland 
Security, Justice, Transportation, and the Treasury on their 
subdivisions exempted from coverage under the Federal Labor-Management 
Relations Program, it is hereby ordered as follows:

[[Page 252]]

Section 1. Determinations. The subdivisions of the Departments of 
Energy, Homeland Security, Justice, Transportation, and the Treasury set 
forth in sections 2 through 6 of this order are hereby determined to 
have as a primary function intelligence, counterintelligence, 
investigative, or national security work. It is further determined that 
chapter 71 of title 5, United States Code, cannot be applied to these 
subdivisions in a manner consistent with national security requirements 
and considerations.
Sec. 2. Department of Energy. Executive Order 12171 of November 19, 
1979, as amended, is further amended by revising section 1-210 to read 
as follows:
    ``1-210. Agencies or subdivisions of the Department of Energy:
    (a) The National Nuclear Security Administration.
    (b) The Office of Intelligence.
    (c) The Office of Counterintelligence.
    (d) The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence.
    (e) The Savannah River Operations Office.''
Sec. 3. Department of Homeland Security. Executive Order 12171 of 
November 19, 1979, as amended, is further amended by revising section 1-
214 to read as follows:
    ``1-214. Agencies or subdivisions of the Department of Homeland 
Security:
    (a) Office of the Military Advisor.
    (b) The following office within the Management Directorate:

  (1) Office of Security.

    (c) Office of Operations Coordination.
    (d) Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement.
    (e) Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
    (f) Domestic Nuclear Detection Office.
    (g) The following offices and subdivisions within the United States 
Coast Guard:

  (1) Maritime Intelligence Fusion Centers, Atlantic.

  (2) Pacific Area Intelligence Division.

  (3) Intelligence Coordination Center.

  (4) Coast Guard Investigative Service.

  (5) Coast Guard Security Center.

    (h) The following offices and subdivisions within United States 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement:

  (1) The Office of Investigations.

  (2) The Office of International Affairs.

  (3) The Office of Intelligence.

  (4) The National Incident Response Unit.

    (i) The following office within the Transportation Security 
Administration:

[[Page 253]]

  (1) The Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service.

    (j) The following office within United States Customs and Border 
Protection:

  (1) The Office of Intelligence and Operations Coordination.

    (k) The following offices and subdivisions within the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency:

  (1) The following offices and subdivisions within the Office of National 
Continuity Programs:

        (A) The Office of the Assistant Administrator.
        (B) The Operations Division.
        (C) The Continuity of Operations Division.
        (D) The Readiness Division.
        (E) The Integrated Public Alert and Warning Systems Division.

  (2) The following subdivisions within the Disaster Operations 
Directorate:

        (A) The Mobile Emergency Response Support Operations, including 
        Mobile Emergency Response Support Detachments.
        (B) The FEMA Operations Center.
        (C) The Alternate FEMA Operations Center.``
Sec. 4. Department of Justice. Executive Order 12171 of November 19, 
1979, as amended, is further amended by:
    (a) revising subsection (g) of section 1-209 to read as follows:

  ``(g) National Security Division.''; and

    (b) adding to the end of section 1-209 the following new subsection:

  ``(h) Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.''

Sec. 5. Department of Transportation. Executive Order 12171 of November 
19, 1979, as amended, is further amended by revising section 1-213 to 
read as follows:
    ``1-213. The following subdivision of the Federal Aviation 
Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation: National Security 
Coordination Division, Office of Emergency Operations and 
Investigations, FAA Office of Security and Hazardous Materials.''
Sec. 6. Department of the Treasury. Executive Order 12171 of November 
19, 1979, as amended, is further amended by revising section 1-203 to 
read as follows:
    ``1-203. Agencies or subdivisions of the Department of the Treasury:
    (a) The Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
    (b) The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
    (c) Criminal Investigation, Internal Revenue Service.
    (d) The Trade Analysis and Enforcement Division, Alcohol and Tobacco 
Tax and Trade Bureau.``
Sec. 7. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party

[[Page 254]]

against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, 
its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    November 26, 2008.




Executive Order 13481 of December 9, 2008

Providing An Order of Succession Within the Department of Justice

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et seq., it is hereby ordered that:
Section 1. Subject to the provisions of section 2 of this order, the 
following officers, in the order listed, shall act as and perform the 
functions and duties of the office of Attorney General, during any 
period in which the Attorney General, the Deputy Attorney General, the 
Associate Attorney General, and the officers designated by the Attorney 
General pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 508 to act as Attorney General have died, 
resigned, or otherwise become unable to perform the functions and duties 
of the office of Attorney General, until such time as at least one of 
the officers mentioned above is able to perform the functions and duties 
of that office:
    (a) United States Attorney for the District of Maryland;
    (b) United States Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama; and
    (c) United States Attorney for the Northern District of Georgia.
Sec. 2. Exceptions. (a) No individual who is serving in an office listed 
in section 1 of this order in an acting capacity, by virtue of so 
serving, shall act as Attorney General pursuant to this order.
    (b) No individual listed in section 1 shall act as Attorney General 
unless that individual is otherwise eligible to so serve under the 
Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this order, the President 
retains discretion, to the extent permitted by law, to depart from this 
order in designating an acting Attorney General.
Sec. 3. This order supersedes the President's Memorandum for the 
Attorney General of December 8, 2006 (Designation of Officers of the 
Department of Justice).
Sec. 4. This order is intended to improve the internal management of the 
executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any right 
or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, 
by any party against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, 
or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    December 9, 2008.

[[Page 255]]





Executive Order 13482 of December 12, 2008

Closing of Executive Departments and Agencies of the Federal Government 
on Friday, December 26, 2008

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. All executive branch departments and agencies of the Federal 
Government shall be closed and their employees excused from duty on 
Friday, December 26, 2008, the day after Christmas Day, except as 
provided in section 2 of this order.
Sec. 2. The heads of executive branch departments and agencies may 
determine that certain offices and installations of their organizations, 
or parts thereof, must remain open and that certain employees must 
report for duty on December 26, 2008, for reasons of national security 
or defense or other public need.
Sec. 3. Friday, December 26, 2008, shall be considered as falling within 
the scope of Executive Order 11582 of February 11, 1971, and of 5 U.S.C. 
5546 and 6103(b) and other similar statutes insofar as they relate to 
the pay and leave of employees of the United States.
Sec. 4. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, by 
any party against the United States, its agencies, instrumentalities, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    December 12, 2008.




Executive Order 13483 of December 18, 2008

Adjustments of Certain Rates of Pay

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the laws cited herein, 
it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Statutory Pay Systems. The rates of basic pay or salaries of 
the statutory pay systems (as defined in 5 U.S.C. 5302(1)), as adjusted 
under 5 U.S.C. 5303(a), are set forth on the schedules attached hereto 
and made a part hereof:
    (a) The General Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5332(a)) at Schedule 1;
    (b) The Foreign Service Schedule (22 U.S.C. 3963) at Schedule 2; and
    (c) The schedules for the Veterans Health Administration of the 
Department of Veterans Affairs (38 U.S.C. 7306, 7404; section 301(a) of 
Public Law 102-40) at Schedule 3.
Sec. 2. Senior Executive Service. The ranges of rates of basic pay for 
senior executives in the Senior Executive Service, as established 
pursuant to 5

[[Page 256]]

U.S.C. 5382, are set forth on Schedule 4 attached hereto and made a part 
hereof.
Sec. 3. Certain Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Salaries. The rates 
of basic pay or salaries for the following offices and positions are set 
forth on the schedules attached hereto and made a part hereof:
    (a) The Executive Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5312-5318) at Schedule 5;
    (b) The Vice President (3 U.S.C. 104) and the Congress (2 U.S.C. 31) 
at Schedule 6; and
    (c) Justices and judges (28 U.S.C. 5, 44(d), 135, 252, and 461(a), 
section 140 of Public Law 97-92, and section 305 of Division D of the 
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008), at Schedule 7.
Sec. 4. Uniformed Services. The rates of monthly basic pay (37 U.S.C. 
203(a)) for members of the uniformed services, as adjusted under 37 
U.S.C. 1009, and section 601 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417, October 14, 
2008), and the rate of monthly cadet or midshipman pay (37 U.S.C. 
203(c)) are set forth on Schedule 8 attached hereto and made a part 
hereof.
Sec. 5. Locality-Based Comparability Payments. (a) Pursuant to section 
5304 of title 5, United States Code, and section 142 of the Consolidated 
Security, Disaster Assistance, and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2009 
(Public Law 110-329, September 30, 2008), locality-based comparability 
payments shall be paid in accordance with Schedule 9 attached hereto and 
made a part hereof.
    (b) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall take 
such actions as may be necessary to implement these payments and to 
publish appropriate notice of such payments in the Federal Register.
Sec. 6. Administrative Law Judges. The rates of basic pay for 
administrative law judges, as adjusted under 5 U.S.C. 5372(b)(4), are 
set forth on Schedule 10 attached hereto and made a part hereof.
Sec. 7. Effective Dates. Schedule 8 is effective January 1, 2009. The 
other schedules contained herein are effective on the first day of the 
first applicable pay period beginning on or after January 1, 2009.
Sec. 8. Prior Order Superseded. Executive Order 13454 of January 4, 
2008, is superseded.
George W. Bush
The White House,
    December 18, 2008.

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________________________________________________________________________


                      OTHER PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS


________________________________________________________________________


                                                                    Page
Subchapter A-- [Reserved]
Subchapter B-- Administrative Orders                                 267
Subchapter C-- Reorganization Plans                               [None]
Subchapter D-- Designations                                       [None]
                                                                        


________________________________________________________________________






Subchapter B-- Administrative Orders


________________________________________________________________________






Notice of January 18, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Terrorists Who 
Threaten To Disrupt the Middle East Peace Process

On January 23, 1995, by Executive Order 12947, the President declared a 
national emergency pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) to deal with the unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and 
economy of the United States constituted by grave acts of violence 
committed by foreign terrorists who threaten to disrupt the Middle East 
peace process. On August 20, 1998, by Executive Order 13099, the 
President modified the Annex to Executive Order 12947 to identify four 
additional persons, including Usama bin Laden, who threaten to disrupt 
the Middle East peace process.
Because these terrorist activities continue to threaten the Middle East 
peace process and to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the 
national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States, the 
national emergency declared on January 23, 1995, as expanded on August 
20, 1998, and the measures adopted on those dates to deal with that 
emergency must continue in effect beyond January 23, 2008. Therefore, in 
accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 
U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency with 
respect to foreign terrorists who threaten to disrupt the Middle East 
peace process.

[[Page 268]]

This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    January 18, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-8 of January 22, 2008

Determination on the Proposed Agreement for Cooperation Between the 
United States of America and the Republic of Turkey Concerning Peaceful 
Uses of Nuclear Energy

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of Energy
I have considered the proposed Agreement for Cooperation Between the 
United States of America and the Republic of Turkey Concerning Peaceful 
Uses of Nuclear Energy, signed at Ankara on July 26, 2000, along with 
the views, recommendations, and statements of interested agencies.
I approve the proposed Agreement and have determined the performance of 
the Agreement will promote, and will not constitute an unreasonable risk 
to, the common defense and security.
The Secretary of State is authorized to publish this determination in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, January 22, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-9 of January 28, 2008

Waiver of Section 1083 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States, including section 301 of title 3, United 
States Code, and section 1083(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (the ``Act''), I hereby determine that:

 All provisions of section 1083 of the Act, if applied to Iraq or 
any agency or instrumentality thereof, may affect Iraq or its agencies or 
instrumentalities, by exposing Iraq or its agencies or instrumentalities to 
liability in United States courts and by entangling their assets in 
litigation.

 The economic security and successful reconstruction of Iraq 
continue to be top national security priorities of the United States. 
Section 1083 of the Act threatens those key priorities. If permitted to 
apply to Iraq, section 1083 would risk the entanglement of substantial 
Iraqi assets in

[[Page 269]]

litigation in the United States--including those of the Development Fund 
for Iraq, the Central Bank of Iraq, and commercial entities in the United 
States in which Iraq has an interest. Section 1083 also would expose Iraq 
to new liability of at least several billion dollars by undoing judgments 
favorable to Iraq, by foreclosing available defenses on which Iraq is 
relying in pending litigation, and by creating a new Federal cause of 
action backed by the prospect of punitive damages to support claims that 
may previously have been foreclosed. If permitted to apply to Iraq, section 
1083 would have a significant financial impact on Iraq and would result in 
the redirection of financial resources from the continued reconstruction of 
Iraq and the harming of Iraq's stability, contrary to the interests of the 
United States.

 A waiver of all provisions of section 1083 with respect to Iraq 
and any agency or instrumentality of Iraq is therefore in the national 
security interest of the United States and will promote the reconstruction 
of, the consolidation of democracy in, and the relations of the United 
States with, Iraq.

 Iraq continues to be a reliable ally of the United States and a 
partner in combating acts of international terrorism. The November 26, 
2007, Declaration of Principles for a Long-Term Relationship of Cooperation 
and Friendship between the Republic of Iraq and the United States of 
America confirmed the commitment of the United States and Iraq to build an 
enduring relationship in the political, diplomatic, economic, and security 
arenas and to work together to combat all terrorist groups, including al-
Qaida.

Accordingly, I hereby waive all provisions of section 1083 of the Act 
with respect to Iraq and any agency or instrumentality thereof.
You are authorized and directed to notify the Congress of this 
determination and waiver and the accompanying memorandum of 
justification, incorporated by reference herein, and to arrange for 
their publication in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, January 28, 2008.

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Presidential Determination No. 2008-10 of January 29, 2008

Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to Africa and the 
Middle East

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the ``Act''), as amended (22 U.S.C. 2601 
and 2603), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code:
(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it is 
important to the national interest to furnish assistance under the Act 
in an amount not to exceed $32 million from the United States Emergency 
Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund for the purpose of meeting 
unexpected and urgent refugee and migration needs, including by 
contributions to international, governmental, and nongovernmental 
organizations and payment of administrative expenses of the Bureau of 
Population, Refugees, and Migration of the Department of State, related 
to humanitarian needs in Africa and in the West Bank and Gaza; and
(2) the functions of the President in relation to this memorandum under 
2(d) of the Act, and of establishing terms and conditions under section 
2(c)(1) of the Act, are assigned to you.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, January 29, 2008.




Notice of February 5, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency Blocking Property of Certain 
Persons Contributing to the Conflict in Cote d'Ivoire

On February 7, 2006, by Executive Order 13396, I declared a national 
emergency and ordered related measures blocking the property of certain 
persons contributing to the conflict in Cote d'Ivoire, pursuant to the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706). I 
took this action to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to 
the national security and foreign policy of the United States 
constituted by the situation in or in relation to Cote d'Ivoire, which 
has been addressed by the United Nations Security Council in Resolution 
1572 of November 15, 2004, and subsequent resolutions, and has resulted 
in the massacre of large numbers of civilians, widespread human rights 
abuses, significant political violence and unrest, and attacks against 
international peacekeeping forces leading to fatalities. Because the 
situation in or in relation to Cote d'Ivoire continues to pose an 
unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and

[[Page 274]]

foreign policy of the United States, the national emergency declared on 
February 7, 2006, and the measures adopted on that date to deal with 
that emergency, must continue in effect beyond February 7, 2008. 
Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies 
Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national 
emergency declared in Executive Order 13396.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    February 5, 2008.




Notice of February 6, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency Relating to Cuba and of the 
Emergency Authority Relating to the Regulation of the Anchorage and 
Movement of Vessels

On March 1, 1996, by Proclamation 6867, a national emergency was 
declared to address the disturbance or threatened disturbance of 
international relations caused by the February 24, 1996, destruction by 
the Cuban government of two unarmed U.S.-registered civilian aircraft in 
international airspace north of Cuba. In July 1996 and on subsequent 
occasions, the Cuban government stated its intent to forcefully defend 
its sovereignty against any U.S.- registered vessels or aircraft that 
might enter Cuban territorial waters or airspace while involved in a 
flotilla or peaceful protest. Since these events, the Cuban government 
has not demonstrated that it will refrain from the future use of 
reckless and excessive force against U.S. vessels or aircraft that may 
engage in memorial activities or peaceful protest north of Cuba. On 
February 26, 2004, by Proclamation 7757, the scope of the national 
emergency was expanded in order to deny monetary and material support to 
the repressive Cuban government, which had taken a series of steps to 
destabilize relations with the United States, including threatening to 
abrogate the Migration Accords with the United States and to close the 
United States Interests Section. Further, Cuba's most senior officials 
repeatedly asserted that the United States intended to invade Cuba, 
despite explicit denials from the U.S. Secretaries of State and Defense 
that such action is planned. Therefore, in accordance with section 
202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am 
continuing the national emergency with respect to Cuba and the emergency 
authority relating to the regulation of the anchorage and movement of 
vessels set out in Proclamation 6867 as amended and expanded by 
Proclamation 7757.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    February 6, 2008.

[[Page 275]]





Presidential Determination No. 2008-11 of February 11, 2008

Implementation of Sections 603 and 604 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228)

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Consistent with the authority contained in section 604 of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228)(the 
``Act''), and with reference to the determinations set out in the report 
to be transmitted to the Congress pursuant to section 603 of that Act 
regarding noncompliance by the Palestine Liberation Organization and the 
Palestinian Authority with certain commitments, I hereby impose the 
sanction set out in section 604(a)(2), ``Downgrade in Status of the PLO 
Office in the United States.'' This sanction is imposed for a period of 
180 days from the date hereof or until such time as the next report 
required by section 603 of the Act is transmitted to the Congress, 
whichever is later. You are authorized and directed to transmit to the 
appropriate congressional committees the report described in section 603 
of the Act.
Furthermore, I hereby determine that it is in the national security 
interest of the United States to waive that sanction, pursuant to 
section 604(c) of the Act. This waiver shall be effective for a period 
of 180 days from the date hereof or until such time as the next report 
required by section 603 of the Act is transmitted to the Congress, 
whichever is later.
You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this determination to 
the Congress and to publish it in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, February 11, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-12 of February 13, 2008

Implementation of Sections 603 and 604 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228)

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Consistent with the authority contained in section 604 of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228)(the 
``Act''), and with reference to the determinations set out in the report 
to be transmitted to the Congress pursuant to section 603 of that Act 
regarding noncompliance by the Palestine Liberation Organization and the 
Palestinian Authority with certain commitments, I hereby impose the 
sanction set out in section 604(a)(2), ``Downgrade in Status of the PLO 
Office in the United States.'' This sanction is imposed for a period of 
180 days from the date hereof or until such time as the next report 
required by section 603 of the Act is transmitted to the Congress, 
whichever is later. You are authorized

[[Page 276]]

and directed to transmit to the appropriate congressional committees the 
report described in section 603 of the Act.
Furthermore, I hereby determine that it is in the national security 
interest of the United States to waive that sanction, pursuant to 
section 604(c) of the Act. This waiver shall be effective for a period 
of 180 days from the date hereof or until such time as the next report 
required by section 603 of the Act is transmitted to the Congress, 
whichever is later.
You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this determination to 
the Congress and to publish it in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, February 13, 2008.




Memorandum of February 14, 2008

Assignment of Function Regarding Medicare Funding

Memorandum for the Secretary of Health and Human Services
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States, including section 301 of title 3, United 
States Code, you are directed to perform the function of the President 
as described under section 802 of the Medicare Prescription Drug, 
Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-173, 31 
U.S.C. 1105(h) (1)).
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, February 14, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-13 of February 28, 2008

Waiver of Restriction on Providing Funds to the Palestinian Authority

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 650(b) of the 
Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2008 (Division J, Public Law 110-161) (the ``Act''), 
I hereby certify that it is important to the national security interests 
of the United States to waive the provisions of section 650(a) of the 
Act, in order to provide funds appropriated to carry out chapter 4 of 
part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, to the 
Palestinian Authority.

[[Page 277]]

You are directed to transmit this determination to the Congress, with a 
report pursuant to section 650(d) of the Act, and to publish the 
determination in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, February 28, 2008.




Notice of March 4, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Zimbabwe

On March 6, 2003, by Executive Order 13288, I declared a national 
emergency and blocked the property of persons undermining democratic 
processes or institutions in Zimbabwe, pursuant to the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706). I took this action 
to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy 
of the United States constituted by the actions and policies of certain 
members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other persons to undermine 
Zimbabwe's democratic processes or institutions. These actions have 
contributed to the deliberate breakdown in the rule of law in Zimbabwe, 
politically motivated violence and intimidation, and political and 
economic instability in the southern African region. On November 22, 
2005, I issued Executive Order 13391 to take additional steps with 
respect to the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13288 by 
ordering the blocking of the property of additional persons undermining 
democratic processes or institutions in Zimbabwe.
Because the actions and policies of these persons continue to pose an 
unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the United 
States, the national emergency declared on March 6, 2003, and the 
measures adopted on that date and on November 22, 2005, to deal with 
that emergency, must continue in effect beyond March 6, 2008. Therefore, 
in accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 
U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency with 
respect to the actions and policies of certain members of the Government 
of Zimbabwe and other persons to undermine Zimbabwe's democratic 
processes or institutions.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    March 4, 2008.

[[Page 278]]





Presidential Determination No. 2008-14 of March 7, 2008

Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to Kenya

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the ``Act''), as amended (22 U.S.C. 2601 
and 2603), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code:
(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to section 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it 
is important to the national interest to furnish assistance under the 
Act, in an amount not to exceed $4.9 million from the United States 
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund for the purpose of 
meeting unexpected and urgent refugee and migration needs, including by 
contributions to international, governmental, and nongovernmental 
organizations and payment of administrative expenses of the Bureau of 
Population, Refugees and Migration of the Department of State, related 
to humanitarian needs in Kenya and for Kenyan refugees in neighboring 
countries; and
(2) the functions of the President in relation to this memorandum under 
section 2(d) of the Act, and of establishing terms and conditions under 
section 2(c)(1) of the Act, are assigned to you, and you may further 
assign such functions to any of your subordinates, consistent with 
applicable law.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, March 7, 2008.




Notice of March 11, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran

On March 15, 1995, by Executive Order 12957, the President declared a 
national emergency with respect to Iran pursuant to the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) to deal with the 
unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign 
policy, and economy of the United States constituted by the actions and 
policies of the Government of Iran. On May 6, 1995, the President issued 
Executive Order 12959 imposing more comprehensive sanctions to further 
respond to this threat, and on August 19, 1997, the President issued 
Executive Order 13059 consolidating and clarifying the previous orders.
Because the actions and policies of the Government of Iran continue to 
pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, 
foreign policy, and economy of the United States, the national emergency 
declared on March 15, 1995, must continue in effect beyond March 15, 
2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National 
Emergencies Act (50

[[Page 279]]

U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency with 
respect to Iran. Because the emergency declared by Executive Order 12957 
constitutes an emergency separate from that declared on November 14, 
1979, by Executive Order 12170, this renewal is distinct from the 
emergency renewal of November 2007. This notice shall be published in 
the Federal Register and transmitted to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    March 11, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-15 of March 19, 2008

Eligibility of Kosovo to Receive Defense Articles and Defense Services 
Under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as Amended, and the Arms 
Export Control Act, as Amended

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws 
of the United States, including section 503(a) of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961, as amended, and section 3(a)(1) of the Arms Export Control 
Act, as amended, I hereby find that the furnishing of defense articles 
and defense services to Kosovo will strengthen the security of the 
United States and promote world peace.
You are authorized and directed to transmit this determination to the 
Congress and to arrange for the publication of this determination in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, March 19, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-16 of March 24, 2008

Determination To Waive Military Coup-Related Provision of the Department 
of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
2008, With Respect to Pakistan

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of 
the United States, including section 1(b) of Public Law 107-57, as 
amended, I hereby determine and certify, with respect to Pakistan, that 
a waiver of section 608 of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, 
and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008 (Consolidated 
Appropriations Act, 2008, Public Law 110-161; the ``Act''):

(a) would facilitate the transition to democratic rule in Pakistan; and

[[Page 280]]

(b) is important to U.S. efforts to respond to, deter, or prevent acts of 
international terrorism.

Accordingly, I hereby waive, with respect to Pakistan, section 608 of 
such Act.
You are authorized and directed to transmit this determination to the 
Congress and to publish it in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, March 24, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-17 of March 28, 2008

Determinations Under Section 1106(a) of the Omnibus Trade and 
Competitiveness Act of 1988--Ukraine

Memorandum for the United States Trade Representative
Pursuant to section 1106(a) of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act 
of 1988 (19 U.S.C. 2905(a)) (the ``Act''), I determine that state 
trading enterprises account for a significant share of Ukraine's exports 
and goods that compete with imports into Ukraine. I further determine 
that such state trading enterprises unduly burden and restrict, or 
adversely affect, the foreign trade of the United States or the United 
States economy, or are likely to result in such burden, restriction, or 
effect.
Ukraine is seeking to become a member of the World Trade Organization 
(WTO). The terms and conditions for Ukraine's accession to the WTO 
include Ukraine's commitments that it will ensure that all state trading 
enterprises will make purchases of goods and services that are not 
intended for governmental use, and sales in international trade in 
accordance with commercial considerations (including price, quality, 
availability, marketability, and transportation) and that U.S. firms 
will have an adequate opportunity, in conformity with customary 
practice, to compete for such purchases or sales.
The obligations that Ukraine will assume under the WTO Agreement, 
including Ukraine's protocol of accession, meet the requirements of 
section 1106(b)(2)(A) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 2905(b)(2)(A)), and thus my 
determinations under section 1106(a) do not require invocation of the 
nonapplication provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the 
WTO with regard to Ukraine.
You are directed to publish this determination in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, March 28, 2008.

[[Page 281]]





Memorandum of March 28, 2008

Assignment of Functions Under Section 1821(c) of the Implementing 
Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By virtue of the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution 
and the laws of the United States, including section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code, I hereby assign to you the functions of the 
President under section 1821(c) of the Implementing Recommendations of 
the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-53).
In the performance of your responsibility under this memorandum, you 
shall, as appropriate, consult the heads of other departments and 
agencies.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, March 28, 2008.




Memorandum of April 10, 2008

Designation of the Committee on Technology of the National Science and 
Technology Council To Carry Out Certain Requirements of the America 
COMPETES Act

Memorandum for the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
Policy
By the authority vested in me as President of the United States by the 
Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including 
section 1006(e) of the America COMPETES Act (Public Law 110-69) (the 
``Act''), I hereby designate the Committee on Technology of the National 
Science and Technology Council to carry out the responsibilities 
assigned to the Council on Innovation and Competitiveness in section 
1006 of the Act.
The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy is 
authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal 
Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, April 10, 2008.

[[Page 282]]





Presidential Determination No. 2008-18 of April 10, 2008

Waiver and Certification of Statutory Provisions Regarding the Palestine 
Liberation Organization Office

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to the authority and conditions contained in section 634(d) of 
the Department of State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2008 (Div. J, Public Law 110-161), I hereby 
determine and certify that it is important to the national security 
interests of the United States to waive the provisions of section 1003 
of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987, Public Law 100-204.
This waiver shall be effective for a period of 6 months from the date 
hereof. You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this 
determination to the Congress and to publish it in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, April 10, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-19 of May 5, 2008

Proposed Agreement Between the Government of the United States of 
America and the Government of the Russian Federation for Cooperation in 
the Field of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of Energy
I have considered the proposed Agreement Between the Government of the 
United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation 
for Cooperation in the Field of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, along 
with the views, recommendations, and statements of interested agencies.
I have determined that the performance of the Agreement will promote, 
and will not constitute an unreasonable risk to, the common defense and 
security. Pursuant to section 123 b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 
as amended (42 U.S.C. 2153(b)), I hereby approve the proposed Agreement 
and authorize the Secretary of State to arrange for its execution.
The Secretary of State is authorized to publish this determination in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, May 5, 2008.

[[Page 283]]





Memorandum of May 6, 2008

Assignment of Reporting Function Under Subsection 1225(a) of the John 
Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code, I hereby assign to you the function of the President 
under subsection 1225(a) of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364).
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, May 6, 2008.




Notice of May 7, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency Blocking Property of Certain 
Persons and Prohibiting the Export of Certain Goods to Syria

On May 11, 2004, pursuant to my authority under the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) and the Syria 
Accountability and Lebanese Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2003 (Public 
Law 108-175), I issued Executive Order 13338, in which I declared a 
national emergency with respect to the actions of the Government of 
Syria. To deal with this national emergency, Executive Order 13338 
authorized the blocking of property of certain persons and prohibited 
the exportation or re-exportation of certain goods to Syria. On April 
25, 2006, and February 13, 2008, I issued Executive Order 13399 and 
Executive Order 13460, respectively, to take additional steps with 
respect to this national emergency.
I took these actions to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat 
to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United 
States constituted by the actions of the Government of Syria in 
supporting terrorism, maintaining its then-existing occupation of 
Lebanon, pursuing weapons of mass destruction and missile programs 
including the recent revelation of illicit nuclear cooperation with 
North Korea, and undermining U.S. and international efforts with respect 
to the stabilization and reconstruction of Iraq.
Because the actions and policies of the Government of Syria continue to 
pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, 
foreign policy, and economy of the United States, the national emergency 
declared

[[Page 284]]

on May 11, 2004, and the measures adopted on that date and on April 25, 
2006, in Executive Order 13399, and on February 13, 2008, in Executive 
Order 13460, to deal with that emergency, must continue in effect beyond 
May 11, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year 
the national emergency authorizing the blocking of property of certain 
persons and prohibiting the exportation or re-exportation of certain 
goods to Syria.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    May 7, 2008.




Notice of May 16, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Burma

On May 20, 1997, the President issued Executive Order 13047, certifying 
to the Congress under section 570(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export 
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997 (Public Law 
104-208), that the Government of Burma has engaged in large-scale 
repression of the democratic opposition in Burma after September 30, 
1996, thereby invoking the prohibition on new investment in Burma by 
United States persons contained in that section. The President also 
declared a national emergency to deal with the threat posed to the 
national security and foreign policy of the United States by the actions 
and policies of the Government of Burma, invoking the authority, inter 
alia, of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, 50 U.S.C. 1701 
et seq.
On July 28, 2003, I issued Executive Order 13310 taking additional steps 
with respect to that national emergency by putting in place an import 
ban required by the Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003 and 
prohibiting exports of financial services to Burma and the dealing in 
property in which certain designated Burmese persons have an interest. 
On October 18, 2007, I issued Executive Order 13448 to expand 
prohibitions to include the Burmese regime's financial supporters and 
their companies, as well as individuals determined to be responsible for 
or to have participated in human rights abuses or to have engaged in 
activities facilitating public corruption. On April 30, 2008, I issued 
Executive Order 13464 taking additional steps with respect to the 
Government of Burma's continued repression of the democratic opposition 
in Burma.
Because the actions and policies of the Government of Burma continue to 
pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and 
foreign policy of the United States, the national emergency declared on 
May 20, 1997, and expanded on October 18, 2007, and April 30, 2008, and 
the measures adopted to deal with that emergency, must continue in 
effect beyond May 20, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) 
of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 
1 year the

[[Page 285]]

national emergency with respect to Burma. This notice shall be published 
in the Federal Register and transmitted to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    May 16, 2008.




Notice of May 20, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Stabilization 
of Iraq

On May 22, 2003, by Executive Order 13303, I declared a national 
emergency protecting the Development Fund for Iraq and certain other 
property in which Iraq has an interest, pursuant to the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) (IEEPA). I took this 
action to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national 
security and foreign policy of the United States posed by obstacles to 
the orderly reconstruction of Iraq, the restoration and maintenance of 
peace and security in the country, and the development of political, 
administrative, and economic institutions in Iraq.
In Executive Order 13315 of August 28, 2003, Executive Order 13350 of 
July 29, 2004, Executive Order 13364 of November 29, 2004, and Executive 
Order 13438 of July 17, 2007, I modified the scope of the national 
emergency declared in Executive Order 13303 and amended the steps taken 
pursuant to it.
Because the obstacles to the orderly reconstruction of Iraq, the 
restoration and maintenance of peace and security in the country, and 
the development of political, administrative, and economic institutions 
in Iraq continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the 
national security and foreign policy of the United States, the national 
emergency declared on May 22, 2003, and the measures adopted on that 
date, August 28, 2003, July 29, 2004, November 29, 2004, and July 17, 
2007, to deal with that emergency must continue in effect beyond May 22, 
2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National 
Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the 
national emergency with respect to the stabilization of Iraq.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    May 20, 2008.

[[Page 286]]





Presidential Determination No. 2008-20 of June 4, 2008

Suspension of Limitations Under the Jerusalem Embassy Act

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution 
and the laws of the United States, including section 7(a) of the 
Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-45) (the ``Act''), I 
hereby determine that it is necessary, in order to protect the national 
security interests of the United States, to suspend for a period of 6 
months the limitations set forth in sections 3(b) and 7(b) of the Act. 
My Administration remains committed to beginning the process of moving 
our Embassy to Jerusalem.
You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this determination to 
the Congress, accompanied by a report in accordance with section 7(a) of 
the Act, and to publish the determination in the Federal Register.
This suspension shall take effect after transmission of this 
determination and report to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, June 4, 2008.




Notice of June 6, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Actions and 
Policies of Certain Members of the Government of Belarus and Other 
Persons Undermining Democratic Processes or Institutions in Belarus

On June 16, 2006, by Executive Order 13405, I declared a national 
emergency and ordered related measures blocking the property of certain 
persons undermining democratic processes or institutions in Belarus, 
pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
1701-1706). I took this action to deal with the unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the 
United States constituted by the actions and policies of certain members 
of the Government of Belarus and other persons that have undermined 
democratic processes or institutions; committed human rights abuses 
related to political repression, including detentions and 
disappearances; and engaged in public corruption, including by diverting 
or misusing Belarusian public assets or by misusing public authority.
Because these actions and policies continue to pose an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the 
United States, the national emergency declared on June 16, 2006, and the 
measures adopted on that date to deal with that emergency, must continue 
in effect beyond June 16, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 
202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am 
continuing for 1 year the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
13405.

[[Page 287]]

This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    June 6, 2008.




Notice of June 18, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Risk of 
Nuclear Proliferation Created by the Accumulation of Weapons-Usable 
Fissile Material in the Territory of the Russian Federation

On June 21, 2000, President Clinton issued Executive Order 13159 (the 
``order'') blocking property and interests in property of the Government 
of the Russian Federation that are in the United States, that hereafter 
come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the 
possession or control of United States persons that are directly related 
to the implementation of the Agreement Between the Government of the 
United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation 
Concerning the Disposition of Highly Enriched Uranium Extracted from 
Nuclear Weapons, dated February 18, 1993, and related contracts and 
agreements (collectively, the ``HEU Agreements''). The HEU Agreements 
allow for the downblending of highly enriched uranium derived from 
nuclear weapons to low enriched uranium for peaceful commercial 
purposes. The order invoked the authority, inter alia, of the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) and 
declared a national emergency to deal with the unusual and extraordinary 
threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States 
posed by the risk of nuclear proliferation created by the accumulation 
of a large volume of weapons-usable fissile material in the territory of 
the Russian Federation.
The national emergency declared on June 21, 2000, must continue beyond 
June 21, 2008, to provide continued protection from attachment, 
judgment, decree, lien, execution, garnishment, or other judicial 
process for the property and interests in property of the Government of 
the Russian Federation that are directly related to the implementation 
of the HEU Agreements and subject to U.S. jurisdiction. Therefore, in 
accordance with section 202 (d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 
U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency with 
respect to the risk of nuclear proliferation created by the accumulation 
of weapons-usable fissile material in the territory of the Russian 
Federation. This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and 
transmitted to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    June 18, 2008.

[[Page 288]]





Presidential Determination No. 2008-21 of June 20, 2008

Waiving the Prohibition on the Use of Economic Support Funds With 
Respect to Various Parties to the Rome Statute Establishing the 
International Criminal Court

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws 
of the United States, including section 574 of the Foreign Operations, 
Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2006 (Public 
Law 109-102), as carried forward by the Revised Continuing 
Appropriations Resolution, 2007 (Public Law 110-5), I hereby:
 Determine that it is important to the national interests of the 
United States to waive the prohibition of aforementioned section 574(a) 
with respect to Bolivia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Ecuador, Kenya, Mali, 
Mexico, Namibia, Niger, Paraguay, Peru, Samoa, South Africa, and 
Tanzania; and
 Waive the prohibition of aforementioned section 574(a) with 
respect to these countries.
You are authorized and directed to report this determination to the 
Congress and to arrange for its publication in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, June 20, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-22 of June 20, 2008

Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to Africa, the 
Middle East, Asia, and the Western Hemisphere

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the ``Act''), as amended, (22 U.S.C. 
2601 and 2603), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code:
(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to section 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it 
is important to the national interest to furnish assistance under the 
Act in an amount not to exceed $32.8 million from the United States 
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund for the purpose of 
meeting unexpected and urgent refugee and migration needs, including by 
contributions to international, governmental, and nongovernmental 
organizations, and payment of administrative expenses of the Bureau of 
Population, Refugees, and Migration of the Department of State, related 
to humanitarian needs in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and the Western 
Hemisphere; and
(2) the functions of the President in relation to this memorandum under 
section 2(d) of the Act, and of establishing terms and conditions under 
section 2(c)(1) of the Act, are assigned to you, and you may further 
assign such functions to your subordinates, consistent with applicable 
law.

[[Page 289]]

You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, June 20, 2008.




Notice of June 24, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Western 
Balkans

On June 26, 2001, by Executive Order 13219, I declared a national 
emergency with respect to the Western Balkans pursuant to the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) to 
deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security 
and foreign policy of the United States constituted by the actions of 
persons engaged in, or assisting, sponsoring, or supporting (i) 
extremist violence in the Republic of Macedonia and elsewhere in the 
Western Balkans region, or (ii) acts obstructing implementation of the 
Dayton Accords in Bosnia or United Nations Security Council Resolution 
1244 of June 10, 1999, in Kosovo. I subsequently amended that order in 
Executive Order 13304 of May 28, 2003.
Because the actions of persons threatening the peace and international 
stabilization efforts in the Western Balkans continue to pose an unusual 
and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of 
the United States, the national emergency declared on June 26, 2001, and 
the measures adopted on that date and thereafter to deal with that 
emergency, must continue in effect beyond June 26, 2008. Therefore, in 
accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 
U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency with 
respect to the Western Balkans.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    June 24, 2008.




Memorandum of June 26, 2008

Certification of Rescission of North Korea's Designation as a State 
Sponsor of Terrorism

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code, and consistent with section 6(j)(4)(B) of the Export 
Administration Act of 1979, Public Law 96-72, as amended (50 U.S.C. App.

[[Page 290]]

2405(j)), and as continued in effect by Executive Order 13222 of August 
17, 2001, 66 FR 44025, I hereby certify, with respect to the rescission 
of the determination of January 20, 1988, regarding North Korea that:

(i) the Government of North Korea has not provided any support for 
international terrorism during the preceding 6-month period; and

(ii) the Government of North Korea has provided assurances that it will not 
support acts of international terrorism in the future.

This certification shall also satisfy the provisions of section 
620A(c)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, Public Law 87-195, as 
amended (22 U.S.C. 2371(c)), and section 40(f)(1)(B) of the Arms Export 
Control Act, Public Law 90-629, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2780(f)).
You are authorized and directed to report this certification and the 
attached memorandum justifying the rescission to the Congress and to 
arrange for the publication of this certification in the Federal 
Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, June 26, 2008.




Notice of July 16, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Former 
Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, I declared a national 
emergency and ordered related measures, including the blocking of the 
property of certain persons connected to the former Liberian regime of 
Charles Taylor, pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers 
Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706). I took this action to deal with the unusual 
and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the United States 
constituted by the actions and policies of former Liberian President 
Charles Taylor and other persons, in particular their unlawful depletion 
of Liberian resources and their removal from Liberia and secreting of 
Liberian funds and property, which have undermined Liberia's transition 
to democracy and the orderly development of its political, 
administrative, and economic institutions and resources. I further noted 
that the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed on August 18, 2003, and 
the related cease-fire had not yet been universally implemented 
throughout Liberia, and that the illicit trade in round logs and timber 
products was linked to the proliferation of and trafficking in illegal 
arms, which perpetuated the Liberian conflict and fueled and exacerbated 
other conflicts throughout West Africa.
The actions and policies of Charles Taylor and others have left a legacy 
of destruction that continues to undermine Liberia's transformation and 
recovery. Because the actions and policies of these persons continue to 
pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the 
United States, the national emergency declared on July 22, 2004, and the 
measures adopted on that date to deal with that emergency, must continue 
in effect

[[Page 291]]

beyond July 22, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of 
the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 
year the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13348.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    July 16, 2008.




Notice of July 23, 2008

Continuation of Emergency Regarding Export Control Regulations

On August 17, 2001, consistent with the authority provided to me under 
the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
seq.), I issued Executive Order 13222. In that order, I declared a 
national emergency with respect to the unusual and extraordinary threat 
to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United 
States in light of the expiration of the Export Administration Act of 
1979, as amended (50 U.S.C. App. 2401 et seq.). Because the Export 
Administration Act has not been renewed by the Congress, the national 
emergency declared on August 17, 2001, must continue in effect beyond 
August 17, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year 
the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13222.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    July 23, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-23 of July 25, 2008

Emergency Fund Drawdown to Assist Zimbabwean Refugees in South Africa, 
Botswana, Mozambique, and Zambia

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the ``Act''), as amended (22 U.S.C. 2601 
and 2603) and section 301 of title 3, United States Code:
(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it is 
important to the national interest to furnish assistance under the Act, 
in an amount not to exceed $2.5 million from the United States Emergency 
Refugee and

[[Page 292]]

Migration Assistance Fund, for the purpose of meeting unexpected and 
urgent refugee and migration needs, including by contributions to 
international, governmental, and nongovernmental organizations and 
payment of administrative expenses of the Bureau of Population, 
Refugees, and Migration of the Department of State, related to 
humanitarian needs of Zimbabwean refugees and asylum seekers; and
(2) the functions of the President in relation to this memorandum under 
section 2(d) of the Act, and of establishing terms and conditions under 
section 2(c)(1) of the Act, are assigned to you, and you may further 
assign such functions to any of your subordinates, consistent with 
applicable law.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, July 25, 2008.




Notice of July 30, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect To the Actions of 
Certain Persons To Undermine the Sovereignty of Lebanon Or Its 
Democratic Processes And Institutions

On August 1, 2007, by Executive Order 13441, I declared a national 
emergency and ordered related measures blocking the property of certain 
persons undermining the sovereignty of Lebanon or its democratic 
processes or institutions and certain other persons, pursuant to the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706). I 
took this action to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to 
the national security and foreign policy of the United States 
constituted by the actions of certain persons to undermine Lebanon's 
legitimate and democratically elected government or democratic 
institutions, to contribute to the deliberate breakdown in the rule of 
law in Lebanon, including through politically motivated violence and 
intimidation, to reassert Syrian control or contribute to Syrian 
interference in Lebanon, or to infringe upon or undermine Lebanese 
sovereignty which contributes to political and economic instability in 
that country and the region.
Because these actions continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary 
threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, 
the national emergency declared on August 1, 2007, and the measures 
adopted on that date to deal with that emergency, must continue in 
effect beyond August 1, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 
202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am 
continuing for 1 year the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
13441.

[[Page 293]]

This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    July 30, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-24 of August 15, 2008

Continuation of U.S. Drug Interdiction Assistance to the Government of 
Colombia

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of Defense
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by section 1012 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995, as amended (22 U.S.C. 
2291-4), I hereby certify, with respect to Colombia, that (1) 
interdiction of aircraft reasonably suspected to be primarily engaged in 
illicit drug trafficking in that country's airspace is necessary because 
of the extraordinary threat posed by illicit drug trafficking to the 
national security of that country; and (2) that country has appropriate 
procedures in place to protect against innocent loss of life in the air 
and on the ground in connection with such interdiction, which shall at a 
minimum include effective means to identify and warn an aircraft before 
the use of force is directed against the aircraft.
The Secretary of State is authorized and directed to publish this 
determination in the Federal Register and to notify the Congress of this 
determination.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, August 15, 2008.




Notice of August 28, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect To Certain Terrorist 
Attacks

Consistent with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 
U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency I 
declared on September 14, 2001, in Proclamation 7463, with respect to 
the terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center, New York, New York, the 
Pentagon, and aboard United Airlines flight 93, and the continuing and 
immediate threat of further attacks on the United States.
Because the terrorist threat continues, the national emergency declared 
on September 14, 2001, and the powers and authorities adopted to deal 
with that emergency, must continue in effect beyond September 14, 2008. 
Therefore, I am continuing in effect for an additional year the national 
emergency I declared on September 14, 2001, with respect to the 
terrorist threat.

[[Page 294]]

This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    August 28, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-25 of August 28, 2008

Emergency Fund Drawdown to Assist Georgian Victims of Conflict

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the ``Act''), as amended, (22 U.S.C. 
2601 and 2603) and section 301 of title 3, United States Code:
(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to section 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it 
is important to the national interest to furnish assistance under the 
Act, in an amount not to exceed $5.75 million from the United States 
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund, for the purpose of 
meeting unexpected and urgent refugee and migration needs, including by 
contributions to international, governmental, and nongovernmental 
organizations and payment of administrative expenses of the Bureau of 
Population, Refugees, and Migration of the Department of State, related 
to the humanitarian needs of conflict victims and those displaced by 
recent violence in Georgia.
(2) I hereby assign to you the functions of the President in relation to 
this memorandum under section 2(d) of the Act, and of establishing terms 
and conditions under section 2(c)(1) of the Act, and you may further 
assign such functions to your subordinates, consistent with applicable 
law.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register .
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, August 28, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-26 of September 10, 2008

Proposed Agreement for Cooperation Between the Government of the United 
States of America and the Government of India Concerning Peaceful Uses 
of Nuclear Energy

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of Energy
I have considered the Proposed Agreement for Cooperation Between the 
Government of the United States of America and the Government of India

[[Page 295]]

Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, along with the views, 
recommendations, and statements of interested agencies.
I have determined that the performance of the Agreement will promote, 
and will not constitute an unreasonable risk to, the common defense and 
security. Pursuant to section 123 b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 
as amended (42 U.S.C. 2153(B)), I hereby approve the proposed agreement 
and authorize the Secretary of State to arrange for its execution.
In addition, pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Constitution 
and the laws of the United States of America, including the Henry J. 
Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act of 2006 
(Public Law 109-401), I hereby determine that:
1. India has provided the United States and the IAEA with a credible 
plan to separate civil and military nuclear facilities, materials, and 
programs, and has filed a declaration regarding its civil facilities and 
materials with the IAEA;
2. India and the IAEA have concluded all legal steps required prior to 
signature by the parties of an agreement requiring the application of 
IAEA safeguards in perpetuity in accordance with IAEA standards, 
principles, and practices (including IAEA Board of Governors Document 
GOV/1621 (1973)) to India's civil nuclear facilities, materials, and 
programs as declared in the plan described in paragraph (1), including 
materials used in or produced through the use of India's civil nuclear 
facilities;
3. India and the IAEA are making substantial progress toward concluding 
an Additional Protocol consistent with IAEA principles, practices, and 
policies that would apply to India's civil nuclear program;
4. India is working actively with the United States for the early 
conclusion of a multilateral treaty on the cessation of the production 
of fissile materials for use in nuclear weapons or other nuclear 
explosive devices;
5. India is working with and supporting United States and international 
efforts to prevent the spread of enrichment and reprocessing technology 
to any state that does not already possess full-scale, functioning 
enrichment or reprocessing plants;
6. India is taking the necessary steps to secure nuclear and other 
sensitive materials and technology, including through (A) the enactment 
and effective enforcement of comprehensive export control legislation 
and regulations; (B) harmonization of its export control laws, 
regulations, policies, and practices with the guidelines and practices 
of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Nuclear 
Suppliers Group (NSG); and (C) adherence to the MTCR and the NSG in 
accordance with the procedures of those regimes for unilateral 
adherence; and
7. The NSG has decided by consensus to permit supply to India of nuclear 
items covered by the guidelines of the NSG.
I therefore hereby (1) exempt the proposed Agreement for Cooperation 
Between the Government of the United States of America and the 
Government of India Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy arranged 
pursuant to section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 
2153) from the requirement of subsection 123 a.(2) of such section; (2) 
waive the application of section 128 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 
(42 U.S.C. 2157) with

[[Page 296]]

respect to exports to India; and (3) waive with respect to India the 
application of:
(A) subsection 129 a.(1)(D) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 
2158(a)(1)(D)); and
(B) section 129 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2158) 
regarding any actions that occurred before July 18, 2005.
The Secretary of State is authorized and directed to publish this 
determination in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, September 10, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-27 of September 12, 2008

Continuation of the Exercise of Certain Authorities Under the Trading 
With the Enemy Act

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of the 
Treasury
Under section 101(b) of Public Law 95-223 (91 Stat. 1625; 50 U.S.C. App. 
5(b) note), and a previous determination on September 13, 2007 (72 FR 
53409), the exercise of certain authorities under the Trading With the 
Enemy Act is scheduled to terminate on September 14, 2008.
I hereby determine that the continuation for 1 year of the exercise of 
those authorities with respect to Cuba is in the national interest of 
the United States.
Therefore, consistent with the authority vested in me by section 101(b) 
of Public Law 95-223, I continue for 1 year, until September 14, 2009, 
the exercise of those authorities with respect to Cuba as implemented by 
the Cuban Assets Control Regulations, 31 C.F.R. Part 515.
The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to publish this 
determination in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, September 12, 2008.

[[Page 297]]





Presidential Determination No. 2008-28 of September 15, 2008

Major Drug Transit or Major Illicit Drug Producing Countries for Fiscal 
Year 2009

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to section 706(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228) (FRAA), I hereby identify the 
following countries as major drug transit or major illicit drug 
producing countries: Afghanistan, The Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil, Burma, 
Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Jamaica, 
Laos, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela.
A country's presence on the Majors List is not necessarily an adverse 
reflection of its government's counternarcotics efforts or level of 
cooperation with the United States. Consistent with the statutory 
definition of a major drug transit or drug producing country set forth 
in section 481(e)(2) and (5) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as 
amended (FAA), one of the reasons that major drug transit or illicit 
drug producing countries are placed on the list is the combination of 
geographic, commercial, and economic factors that allow drugs to transit 
or be produced despite the concerned government's most assiduous 
enforcement measures.
Pursuant to section 706(2)(A) of the FRAA, I hereby designate Bolivia, 
Burma, and Venezuela as countries that have failed demonstrably during 
the previous 12 months to adhere to their obligations under 
international counternarcotics agreements and take the measures set 
forth in section 489(a)(1) of the FAA. Attached to this report are 
justifications for the determinations on Bolivia, Burma, and Venezuela, 
as required by section 706(2)(B). I have also determined, in accordance 
with provisions of section 706(3)(A) of the FRAA, that support for 
programs to aid Venezuela's democratic institutions and continued 
support for bilateral programs in Bolivia are vital to the national 
interests of the United States.
Under the leadership of President Karzai, the Government of Afghanistan 
has made some progress in combating narcotics. However, drug trafficking 
remains a serious threat to the future of Afghanistan, contributing to 
widespread public corruption, damaging legitimate economic growth, and 
fueling violence and insurgency.
A successful counternarcotics strategy in Afghanistan hinges on 
maintaining security, building public capacity, attaining local support, 
and actively pursuing our joint counternarcotics strategy.
Poppy cultivation continues to be marked by the divide between the 
increasingly poppy-free northern provinces and the insurgency-dominated 
regions in the south. Through political will, and by using a mixture of 
incentives and disincentives, governors in key northern provinces like 
Badakshan and Nangarhar have significantly reduced poppy cultivation.
Inspired by the Nangarhar model, the newly appointed governor of the 
southern province of Helmand has taken bold steps to implement the first 
truly serious counternarcotics campaign in the province. It is clear 
that progress in Helmand Province will not come easily. Drug control 
efforts in

[[Page 298]]

this area of pronounced poppy cultivation are thwarted by heavily 
entrenched Taliban centers of power. In 2007 Helmand Province cultivated 
more than half of Afghanistan's illegal poppy crop.
Difficult security conditions greatly impede counternarcotics 
operations, particularly in the south and southwest provinces, areas in 
which the insurgency and organized crime groups predominate and where 
over 85 percent of Afghan poppy is cultivated.
Drug-related corruption in Afghanistan--one of the most intransigent 
problems in the country--must be confronted, particularly at provincial 
and district government levels. Corruption and illegal drugs in 
Afghanistan threaten to undermine all aspects of the country's efforts 
to build a sustainable economic infrastructure and functioning 
democracy.
The United States enjoys close cooperation with Canada across a broad 
range of law enforcement issues. Both of our nations face a serious 
challenge from the 2-way flow of drugs across our long border. While 
Canada is primarily a drug consuming country, it is also a significant 
producer of highly potent marijuana and has become the primary source 
country for MDMA (ecstasy) available in the United States. Additionally, 
Canada serves as a transit or diversion point for precursor chemicals 
and over-the-counter pharmaceuticals used to produce illicit synthetic 
drugs, most notably MDMA. While methamphetamine use has decreased in the 
United States, due in large part to past efforts to reduce precursor 
chemical diversion by Canadian authorities, production of finished 
methamphetamine is increasing in Canada and could lead to greater 
supplies in the United States. Canada is pursuing a new National Anti-
Drug Strategy that focuses on proven approaches to reduce drug use and 
deter drug trafficking. The United States and Canada continue to work 
productively in joint law enforcement operations that disrupt drug and 
currency smuggling operations along the border.
The growing expansion of drug trafficking in Central America poses 
serious challenges to the region's limited capability to combat both the 
narcotics trade and organized crime. We are particularly concerned about 
the increasing presence of drug trafficking organizations in Central 
America that are fleeing more robust counternarcotics regimes elsewhere, 
especially in Mexico and Colombia. Often unimpeded, traffickers use long 
Central American coastlines for illegal maritime drug shipments. Even 
though there have been noteworthy seizures, a high proportion of drugs 
transiting Central America are not detected or seized.
The March 2008 gun battle between drug organizations in Guatemala 
demonstrates that criminal organizations such as the Sinaloa cartel are 
trying to reinforce their trafficking strongholds in Central America. In 
2008, Guatemala passed new anti-organized crime and extradition laws. 
While such actions are encouraging, Guatemala must work aggressively to 
implement these measures, just as neighboring countries must redouble 
their practical efforts to implement adopted reforms aimed at thwarting 
criminal activity.
The United States is encouraged by the commitment of the Regional 
Integration System to a regional response, such as sharing 
counternarcotics intelligence. Support for cohesive regional 
institution-building and practical law enforcement enhancements in 
Central America are critical components

[[Page 299]]

to a successful regional counternarcotics strategy. We look forward to 
working with Guatemala and other Central American nations to support 
counternarcotics programs and the rule of law under the new Merida 
Initiative.
The Government of Ecuador is committed to protecting its borders and 
territory against drug trafficking and other transnational crimes. The 
increased presence of Ecuadorian security forces in its counternarcotics 
efforts provided a more effective deterrent to drug production and 
trafficking. The identification of new trafficking trends and increased 
staffing and inspection at all air, land, and sea ports are also helping 
to hinder drug trafficking. With a system for tracking vessels already 
in place, Ecuador is expanding this capability and more effectively 
utilizing it as a tool for working with partner nations. The country's 
ability to identify the nationality of ships is of special concern as 
considerable cocaine destined for the United States has been detected on 
Ecuadorian-flagged vessels.
The countries of West Africa have emerged as key transit hubs for Andean 
cocaine trafficked through Venezuela and Brazil and destined for 
European markets. This trafficking is undermining many of the already 
fragile institutions of countries in the region. Narcotics traffickers 
have focused their illegal activities in Guinea-Bissau, but have 
recently extended their operations south to Guinea. The presence of 
Latin American drug traffickers and the large quantities of cocaine 
trafficked openly suggest that drug criminals may exercise the 
prerogatives of sovereign nation-states in these two countries. West 
Africa has long been a hub for illicit criminal networks. West African 
states lack resources to sufficiently counter efforts by drug 
trafficking organizations whose activity threatens the stability of 
these countries and the well-being of their people.
International donors and organizations are working to assist governments 
in their counternarcotic efforts. We support these efforts to preserve 
and protect stability and positive growth in this region.
Nigeria, a major transit country for illicit drugs destined for the 
United States, continues to make some progress on counternarcotics and 
has cooperated effectively with the United States on drug-related money 
laundering cases. Since it began operations in 2005, the Nigerian 
Financial Intelligence Unit has investigated numerous suspicious 
transaction reports that have resulted in high-profile convictions 
recorded by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC). 
However, recent developments in Nigeria raise questions about whether 
the EFCC will remain an effective anticorruption agency. The United 
States Government has had extradition requests pending in Nigeria for 
years and is concerned that Nigeria's extradition practices and 
procedures remain obstacles to the effectiveness of this essential 
counternarcotics law enforcement tool. We are encouraged that Nigeria's 
use of U.S.-donated body scanners at its four major international 
airports has resulted in the arrest of numerous drug traffickers. 
Moreover, we fully support the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency's 
recent cooperation in regional search and seizure operations.
The Government of India maintains a strong track record of regulating, 
monitoring, and curbing its licit opium production and distribution 
process. India has introduced robust, high-tech methods to control 
cultivation by licensed opium farmers. In this sense, India must 
continue to refine its control measures to guard against the continuing 
problem of diversion of licit opium crops, grown for the production of 
pharmaceutical products, to

[[Page 300]]

illegal markets. The United States continues to be concerned about 
illicit opium poppy production in certain areas of the country, such as 
West Bengal and the state of Uttaranchal along the India-China Border, 
previously thought to be free of such cultivation. Nevertheless, during 
the past year the country has destroyed substantial areas of illicit 
poppy cultivation. The Indian Government must also continue to 
investigate cases of large, illicit poppy production and accordingly 
bring perpetrators to trial. The United States, along with other foreign 
governments and international organizations, has a good working 
relationship with India to interdict the flow of narcotics being 
smuggled across India's borders.
You are hereby authorized and directed to submit this report under 
section 706 of the FRAA, transmit it to the Congress, and publish it in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, September 15, 2008.




Memorandum of September 18, 2008

Designation of Officers of the Council on Environmental Quality to Act 
as Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality

Memorandum for the Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws 
of the United States of America, including the Federal Vacancies Reform 
Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et seq., it is hereby ordered that:
Section 1. Order of Succession. Subject to the provisions of section 2 
of this memorandum, the following officials of the Council on 
Environmental Quality in the order listed, shall act as and perform the 
functions and duties of the office of the Chairman of the Council on 
Environmental Quality (Chairman), during any period in which the 
Chairman has died, resigned, or otherwise become unable to perform the 
functions and duties of the office of Chairman until such time as the 
Chairman is able to perform the functions and duties of that office:
(a) Chief of Staff;
(b) General Counsel; and
(c) Associate Directors in the order that they shall have been appointed 
as such.
Sec. 2. Exceptions.
(a) No individual who is serving in an office listed in section 1 in an 
acting capacity, by virtue of so serving, shall act as the Chairman 
pursuant to this memorandum.
(b) No individual listed in section 1 shall act as Chairman unless that 
individual is otherwise eligible to so serve under the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998.

[[Page 301]]

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this memorandum, the President 
retains discretion, to the extent permitted by law, to depart from this 
order in designating an acting Chairman.
Sec. 3. Judicial Review. This memorandum is intended to improve the 
internal management of the executive branch and is not intended to, and 
does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, 
its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or 
agents, or any other person.
Sec. 4. You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, September 18, 2008.




Notice of September 18, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Persons Who 
Commit, Threaten to Commit, or Support Terrorism

On September 23, 2001, by Executive Order 13224, I declared a national 
emergency with respect to persons who commit, threaten to commit, or 
support terrorism, pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706). I took this action to deal with the 
unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign 
policy, and economy of the United States constituted by the grave acts 
of terrorism and threats of terrorism committed by foreign terrorists, 
including the terrorist attacks in New York, in Pennsylvania, and 
against the Pentagon committed on September 11, 2001, and the continuing 
and immediate threat of further attacks against United States nationals 
or the United States. Because the actions of these persons who commit, 
threaten to commit, or support terrorism continue to pose an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the United States, the national emergency 
declared on September 23, 2001, and the measures adopted on that date to 
deal with that emergency, must continue in effect beyond September 23, 
2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National 
Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the 
national emergency with respect to persons who commit, threaten to 
commit, or support terrorism.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    September 18, 2008.

[[Page 302]]





Memorandum of September 25, 2008

Assignment of Function Under Section 203(e)(2)(A) of the Andean Trade 
Preference Act, As Amended

Memorandum for the United States Trade Representative
I propose to suspend Bolivia's designation as a beneficiary country 
under the Andean Trade Preference Act, as amended (the ``Act''), and as 
an Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act beneficiary country.
By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of 
the United States, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States 
Code and the Act, you are hereby assigned the function vested in me by 
section 203(e)(2)(A) of the Act (19 U.S.C. 3202(e)(2)(A)), to publish a 
notice in the Federal Register announcing the proposed action set forth 
above.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, September 25, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2008-29 of September 30, 2008

Fiscal Year 2009 Refugee Admissions Numbers And Authorizations of In-
country Refugee Status Pursuant To Sections 207 And 101(A)(42), 
Respectively, of the Immigration And Nationality Act, And Determination 
Pursuant To Section 2(B)(2) of the Migration And Refugee Assistance Act, 
As Amended

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of Homeland 
Security
In accordance with section 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
(the ``Act'') (8 U.S.C. 1157), as amended, and after appropriate 
consultations with the Congress, I hereby make the following 
determinations and authorize the following actions:
The admission of up to 80,000 refugees to the United States during 
Fiscal Year(FY) 2009 is justified by humanitarian concerns or is 
otherwise in the national interest; provided, however, that this number 
shall be understood as including persons admitted to the United States 
during FY 2009 with Federal refugee resettlement assistance under the 
Amerasian immigrant admissions program, as provided below. The ceiling 
shall be construed as a maximum not to be exceeded and not a minimum to 
be achieved.

[[Page 303]]

The 80,000 admissions numbers shall be allocated among refugees of 
special humanitarian concern to the United States in accordance with the 
following regional allocations; provided, however, that the number of 
admissions allocated to the East Asia region shall include persons 
admitted to the United States during FY 2009 with Federal refugee 
resettlement assistance under section 584 of the Foreign Operations, 
Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1988, as 
contained in section 101(e) of Public Law 100-202 (Amerasian immigrants 
and their family members):


 
 
 
Africa                                     12,000
East Asia                                  19,000
Europe and Central Asia                    2,500
Latin America/Caribbean                    4,500
Near East/South Asia                       37,000
Unallocated Reserve                        5,000
 


The 5,000 unallocated refugee numbers shall be allocated to regional 
ceilings, as needed. Upon providing notification to the Judiciary 
Committees of the Congress, the Secretary of State is hereby authorized 
to use unallocated admissions in regions where the need for additional 
admissions arises.
Additionally, upon notification to the Judiciary Committees of the 
Congress, the Secretary of State is further authorized to transfer 
unused admissions allocated to a particular region to one or more other 
regions, if there is a need for greater admissions for the region or 
regions to which the admissions are being transferred. Consistent with 
section 2(b)(2) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as 
amended, I hereby determine that assistance to or on behalf of persons 
applying for admission to the United States as part of the overseas 
refugee admissions program will contribute to the foreign policy 
interests of the United States and designate such persons for this 
purpose.
Consistent with section 101(a)(42) of the Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(42)), 
and after appropriate consultation with the Congress, I also specify 
that, for FY 2009, the following persons may, if otherwise qualified, be 
considered refugees for the purpose of admission to the United States 
within their countries of nationality or habitual residence:
    a. Persons in Vietnam
    b. Persons in Cuba
    c. Persons in the former Soviet Union
    d. Persons in Iraq
    e. In exceptional circumstances, persons identified by a 
United States Embassy in any location
The Secretary of State is authorized and directed to report this 
determination to the Congress immediately and to publish it in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, September 30, 2008.

[[Page 304]]





Memorandum of October 3, 2008

Designation of Officers of the Office of the Director of National 
Intelligence to Act as Director of National Intelligence

Memorandum for the Director of National Intelligence
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et seq.,
it is hereby ordered that:
Section 1. Subject to the provisions of sections 2 and 3 of this 
memorandum, the following officers of the office of the Director of 
National Intelligence, in the order listed, shall act as and perform the 
functions and duties of the office of the Director of National 
Intelligence (DNI), during any period in which the DNI and the Principal 
Deputy Director of National Intelligence have died, resigned, or 
otherwise become unable to perform the functions and duties of the 
office of the DNI, until such time as the DNI or the Principal Deputy 
Director is able to perform the functions and duties of the office of 
DNI:

(a) Director of the Intelligence Staff;

(b) Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Policy, Plans, and 
Requirements;

(c) Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analysis;

(d) Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Collection;

(e) Director of the National Counterterrorism Center; and

(f) National Counterintelligence Executive.

Sec. 2.  National Security Act of 1947. This memorandum shall not 
supersede the authority of the Principal Deputy Director of National 
Intelligence to act for, and exercise the powers of, the Director of 
National Intelligence during the absence or disability of the Director 
of National Intelligence or during a vacancy in the position of Director 
of National Intelligence (National Security Act of 1947, as amended, 50 
U.S.C. 403-3a).
Sec. 3. Exceptions. (a) No individual who is serving in an office listed 
in section 1 in an acting capacity, by virtue of so serving, shall act 
as DNI pursuant to this memorandum.
    (b) No individual listed in section 1 shall act as DNI unless that 
individual is otherwise eligible to so serve under the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this memorandum, the President 
retains discretion, to the extent permitted by law, to depart from this 
memorandum in designating an acting DNI.
Sec. 4. This memorandum supersedes the President's memorandum of 
December 20, 2005 (Designation of Officers of the Office of the Director 
of National Intelligence to Act as Director of National Intelligence).
Sec. 5. This memorandum is intended to improve the internal management 
of the executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any

[[Page 305]]

right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity by any party against the United States, its agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or 
any other person.
Sec. 6. You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 3, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2009-1 of October 3, 2008

Unexpected Urgent Humanitarian Needs Related to Pakistan, Afghanistan, 
and Georgia

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the ``Act''), as amended, (22 U.S.C. 
2601 and 2603) and section 301 of title 3, United States Code:
(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to section 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it 
is important to the national interest to furnish assistance under the 
Act, in an amount not to exceed $8.3 million from the United States 
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund, for the purpose of 
meeting unexpected and urgent refugee and migration needs in Pakistan 
and Afghanistan resulting from intensified armed conflict and flooding, 
and in Georgia due to recent violence, including by contributions to 
international, governmental, and nongovernmental organizations, and 
payment of administrative expenses of the Bureau of Population, 
Refugees, and Migration of the Department of State; and
(2) The functions of the President in relation to this memorandum under 
section 2(d) of the Act, and of establishing terms and conditions under 
section 2(c)(1) of the Act, are assigned to you, and you may further 
assign such functions to your subordinates, consistent with applicable 
law.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 3, 2008.

[[Page 306]]





Presidential Determination No. 2009-2 of October 6, 2008

Waiver of Restriction on Providing Funds to the Palestinian Authority

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 650(b) of the 
Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2008 (Division J, Public Law 110-161) (the ``Act''), 
as carried forward under section 1417 of the Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 2008 (Public Law 110-252) (the ``Supplemental''), I hereby certify 
that it is important to the national security interests of the United 
States to waive the provisions of section 650(a) of the Act, as carried 
forward under the Supplemental, in order to provide funds appropriated 
for fiscal year 2009 under the heading Economic Support Funds to the 
Palestinian Authority.
You are directed to transmit this determination to the Congress, with a 
report pursuant to section 650(d) of the Act, as carried forward under 
the Supplemental, and to publish the determination in the Federal 
Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 6, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2009-3 of October 9, 2008

Waiver and Certification of Statutory Provisions Regarding the Palestine 
Liberation Organization Office

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to the authority and conditions contained in section 634(d) of 
the Department of State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 2008 (Division J, Public Law 110-161), as carried 
forward by the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2009 (Division A, 
Public Law 110-329), I hereby determine and certify that it is important 
to the national security interests of the United States to waive the 
provisions of section 1003 of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987, Public Law 
100-204.
This waiver shall be effective for a period of 6 months from the date 
hereof. You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this 
determination to the Congress and to publish it in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 9, 2008.

[[Page 307]]





Presidential Determination No. 2009-4 of October 15, 2008

Provision of U.S. Drug Interdiction Assistance to the Government of 
Brazil

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of Defense
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by section 1012 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995, as amended (22 U.S.C. 
2291-4), I hereby certify, with respect to Brazil, that (1) interdiction 
of aircraft reasonably suspected to be primarily engaged in illicit drug 
trafficking in that country's airspace is necessary because of the 
extraordinary threat posed by illicit drug trafficking to the national 
security of that country; and (2) that country has appropriate 
procedures in place to protect against innocent loss of life in the air 
and on the ground in connection with such interdiction, which shall at a 
minimum include effective means to identify and warn an aircraft before 
the use of force is directed against the aircraft.
The Secretary of State is authorized and directed to publish this 
determination in the Federal Register and to notify the Congress of this 
determination.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 15, 2008.




Notice of October 16, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect To Significant 
Narcotics Traffickers Centered in Colombia

On October 21, 1995, by Executive Order 12978, the President declared a 
national emergency pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) to deal with the unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and 
economy of the United States constituted by the actions of significant 
narcotics traffickers centered in Colombia, and the extreme level of 
violence, corruption, and harm such actions cause in the United States 
and abroad.
Because the actions of significant narcotics traffickers centered in 
Colombia continue to threaten the national security, foreign policy, and 
economy of the United States and to cause an extreme level of violence, 
corruption, and harm in the United States and abroad, the national 
emergency declared on October 21, 1995, and the measures adopted 
pursuant thereto to deal with that emergency, must continue in effect 
beyond October 21, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of 
the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 
year the national emergency with respect to significant narcotics 
traffickers centered in Colombia. This

[[Page 308]]

notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted to the 
Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    October 16, 2008.




Memorandum of October 17, 2008

Designation of Officers of the Social Security Administration to Act as 
the Commissioner of Social Security

Memorandum for the Commissioner of Social Security
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et seq., it is hereby ordered that:
Section 1. Order of Succession. Subject to the provisions of section 2 
of this memorandum, the following officials of the Social Security 
Administration, in the order listed, shall act as and perform the 
functions and duties of the office of the Commissioner of Social 
Security (Commissioner), during any period in which both the 
Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner have died, resigned, or become 
otherwise unable to perform the functions and duties of the office of 
the Commissioner, until such time as the Commissioner or Deputy 
Commissioner are able to perform the duties of that office:

(a) Chief of Staff;

(b) Deputy Commissioner for Operations;

(c) Deputy Commissioner for Budget, Finance and Management;

(d) Deputy Commissioner for Systems;

(e) Deputy Commissioner for Quality Performance;

(f) Regional Commissioner, Atlanta; and

(g) Regional Commissioner, Dallas.

Sec. 2. Exceptions. (a) No individual who is serving in an office listed 
in section 1 in an acting capacity, by virtue of so serving, shall act 
as Commissioner pursuant to this memorandum.
    (b) No individual listed in section 1 shall act as Commissioner 
unless that individual is otherwise eligible to so serve under the 
Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this memorandum, the President 
retains the discretion, to the extent permitted by law, to depart from 
this memorandum in designating an acting Commissioner.
Sec. 3. This memorandum supersedes the President's Memorandum of April 
17, 2006 (Designation of Officers of the Social Security 
Administration).
Sec. 4. This memorandum is intended to improve the internal management 
of the executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any

[[Page 309]]

right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity, by any party against the United States, its agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or 
any other person.
Sec. 5. You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 17, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2009-5 of October 17, 2008

Presidential Determination With Respect To Foreign Governments' Efforts 
Regarding Trafficking In Persons

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Consistent with section 110 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 
2000 (Division A of Public Law 106-386), as amended, (the ``Act''), I 
hereby:
 Make the determination provided in section 110(d)(1)(A)(i) of the Act, 
with respect to Burma, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), 
and Syria, not to provide certain funding for those countries' 
governments for Fiscal Year 2009, until such government complies with 
the minimum standards or makes significant efforts to bring itself into 
compliance, as may be determined by the Secretary of State in a report 
to the Congress pursuant to section 110(b) of the Act;
                                                                
    Make the determination provided in section 110(d)(1)(A)(ii) of the 
    Act, with respect to Cuba and Iran not to provide certain funding 
    for those countries' governments for Fiscal Year 2009, until such 
    government complies with the minimum standards or makes significant 
    efforts to bring itself into compliance, as may be determined by the 
    Secretary of State in a report to the Congress pursuant to section 
    110(b) of the Act;
                                                                
    Make the determination provided in section 110(d)(3) of the Act, 
    concerning the determination of the Secretary of State with respect 
    to Moldova and Oman;
                                                                
    Determine, consistent with section 110(d)(4) of the Act, with 
    respect to Algeria, Fiji, Kuwait, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Saudi 
    Arabia, and Sudan, that provision to these countries' governments of 
    all programs, projects, or activities of assistance described in 
    sections 110(d) (1)(A)(i) and 110(d)(1)(B) of the Act would promote 
    the purposes of the Act or is otherwise in the national interest of 
    the United States;

[[Page 310]]

                                                                
    Determine, consistent with section 110(d)(4) of the Act, with 
    respect to the DPRK, that a partial waiver to allow funding for 
    programs described in section 110(d)(1)(A)(i) of the Act that 
    support the goals of the Six-Party talks would promote the purposes 
    of the Act or is otherwise in the national interest of the United 
    States; and
                                                                
    Determine, consistent with section 110(d)(4) of the Act, with 
    respect to Iran, that a partial waiver to allow funding for 
    educational and cultural exchange programs described in section 
    110(d)(1)(A)(ii) of the Act would promote the purposes of the Act or 
    is otherwise in the national interest of the United States.
You are hereby authorized and directed to submit this determination and 
the certification required by section 110(e) of the Act to the Congress 
and to publish this determination in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 17, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2009-6 of October 20, 2008

Certifications Pursuant to the United States-India Nuclear Cooperation 
Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement Act (Public Law 110-369)

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to section 102(c) and section 204(a) of the United States-India 
Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement Act, I 
hereby certify that:
                                                                      1.
     Entry into force and implementation of the United States-India 
    Agreement for Cooperation on Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy 
    pursuant to its terms is consistent with the obligation of the 
    United States under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear 
    Weapons not in any way to assist, encourage, or induce India to 
    manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear 
    explosive devices; and
                                                                      2.
     It is the policy of the United States to work with members of the 
    Nuclear Suppliers Group, individually and collectively, to agree to 
    further restrict the transfers of equipment and technology related 
    to the enrichment of uranium and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel.
You are authorized and directed to publish this determination in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 20, 2008.

[[Page 311]]





Notice of October 22, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Situation in 
or in Relation to the Democratic Republic of the Congo

On October 27, 2006, by Executive Order 13413, I declared a national 
emergency with respect to the situation in or in relation to the 
Democratic Republic of the Congo and, pursuant to the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706), ordered related 
measures blocking the property of certain persons contributing to the 
conflict in that country. I took this action to deal with the unusual 
and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the United States 
constituted by the situation in or in relation to the Democratic 
Republic of the Congo, which has been marked by widespread violence and 
atrocities that continue to threaten regional stability.
Because this situation continues to pose an unusual and extraordinary 
threat to the foreign policy of the United States, the national 
emergency declared on October 27, 2006, and the measures adopted on that 
date to deal with that emergency, must continue in effect beyond October 
27, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National 
Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the 
national emergency declared in Executive Order 13413.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    October 22, 2008.




Notice of October 30, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to the Situation in 
or in Relation to Sudan

On November 3, 1997, by Executive Order 13067, a national emergency was 
declared with respect to Sudan, pursuant to the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706), to deal with the unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the 
United States constituted by the actions and policies of the Government 
of Sudan. On April 26, 2006, in Executive Order 13400, I determined that 
the conflict in Sudan's Darfur region posed an unusual and extraordinary 
threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, 
expanded the scope of the national emergency to deal with that threat, 
and ordered the blocking of property of certain persons connected to the 
conflict. On October 13, 2006, I issued Executive Order 13412 to take 
additional steps with respect to the national emergency and to implement 
the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-344).

[[Page 312]]

Because the actions and policies of the Government of Sudan continue to 
pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and 
foreign policy of the United States, the national emergency declared on 
November 3, 1997, as expanded on April 26, 2006, must continue in effect 
beyond November 3, 2008. Therefore, consistent with section 202(d) of 
the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 
year the national emergency with respect to Sudan.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    October 30, 2008.




Memorandum of October 31, 2008

Assignment of Functions Under Section 1265 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181)

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By virtue of the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution 
and the laws of the United States, including section 301 of title 3, 
United States Code, I hereby assign to you the reporting function 
conferred upon the President by section 1265 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181).
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register .
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, October 31, 2008.




Notice of November 10, 2008

Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Iran

On November 14, 1979, by Executive Order 12170, the President declared a 
national emergency with respect to Iran pursuant to the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706), to deal with the 
unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign 
policy,

[[Page 313]]

and economy of the United States constituted by the situation in Iran. 
Because our relations with Iran have not yet returned to normal, and the 
process of implementing the January 19, 1981, agreements with Iran is 
still underway, the national emergency declared on November 14, 1979, 
must continue in effect beyond November 14, 2008. Therefore, consistent 
with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), 
I am continuing for 1 year this national emergency with respect to Iran.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    November 10, 2008.




Notice of November 10, 2008

Continuation of National Emergency with Respect to Weapons of Mass 
Destruction

On November 14, 1994, by Executive Order 12938, the President declared a 
national emergency with respect to the unusual and extraordinary threat 
to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United 
States posed by the proliferation of nuclear, biological, and chemical 
weapons (weapons of mass destruction) and the means of delivering such 
weapons. On July 28, 1998, the President issued Executive Order 13094 
amending Executive Order 12938 to respond more effectively to the 
worldwide threat of weapons of mass destruction proliferation 
activities. On June 28, 2005, I issued Executive Order 13382 that, inter 
alia, further amended Executive Order 12938 to improve our ability to 
combat proliferation. The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction 
and the means of delivering them continues to pose an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and 
economy of the United States; therefore, the national emergency first 
declared on November 14, 1994, and extended in each subsequent year, 
must continue. In accordance with section 202(d) of the National 
Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the 
national emergency declared in Executive Order 12938, as amended.
This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted 
to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    November 10, 2008.

[[Page 314]]





Presidential Determination No. 2009-7 of November 14, 2008

Proposed Agreement for Cooperation Between the Government of the United 
States of America And the Government of the United Arab Emirates 
Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

Memorandum for the Secretary of State [and] the Secretary of Energy
I have considered the proposed Agreement for Cooperation Between the 
Government of the United States of America and the Government of the 
United Arab Emirates Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, along 
with the views, recommendations, and statements of the interested 
agencies.
I have determined that the performance of the Agreement will promote, 
and will not constitute an unreasonable risk to, the common defense and 
security. Pursuant to section 123 b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 
as amended ( 42 U.S.C. 2153 (b) ), I hereby approve the proposed 
Agreement and authorize the Secretary of State to arrange for its 
execution.
The Secretary of State is authorized and directed to publish this 
determination in the Federal Register. 
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, November 14, 2008.




Memorandum of November 25, 2008

Provision of Marine War Risk Insurance Coverage

Memorandum for the Secretary of State[,] the Secretary of Transportation 
[and] the Director of the Office of Management And Budget
By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of 
the United States, including 3 U.S.C. 301 and 46 U.S.C. chapter 539, I 
hereby approve the provision by the Secretary of Transportation of 
insurance or reinsurance of vessels (including cargo and crew) against 
loss or damage from war risks in the manner and to the extent provided 
in chapter 539 of title 46, United States Code, for trade in the Black 
Sea, whenever, after consultation with the Secretary of State, it 
appears to the Secretary of Transportation that such insurance adequate 
for the needs of the water-borne commerce of the United States cannot be 
obtained on reasonable terms and conditions from companies authorized to 
do insurance business in a State of the United States. To the extent 
individual policies involve an exposure in excess of the amounts 
available in the War Risk Revolving Fund, such policies may be issued 
only after consultation with the Office of Management and Budget. This 
approval to provide insurance or reinsurance is effective for 90 days, 
except that existing policies shall remain in force pursuant to the 
terms of these policies. I hereby delegate to the Secretary of 
Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the 
authority vested in me by 46 U.S.C. 53902 and 53905.

[[Page 315]]

The Secretary of Transportation is directed to bring the approval to the 
immediate attention of all U.S.-flag vessel operators and to arrange for 
its publication in the Federal Register. 
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, November 25, 2008.




Presidential Determination No. 2009-8 of December 4, 2008

Suspension of Limitations Under the Jerusalem Embassy Act

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
Pursuant to the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution 
and the laws of the United States, including section 7(a) of the 
Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-45) (the ``Act''), I 
hereby determine that it is necessary to protect the national security 
interests of the United States to suspend for a period of 6 months the 
limitations set forth in sections 3(b) and 7(b) of the Act. My 
Administration remains committed to beginning the process of moving our 
embassy to Jerusalem.
You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this determination to 
the Congress, accompanied by a report in accordance with section 7(a) of 
the Act, and to publish the determination in the Federal Register.
This suspension shall take effect after transmission of this 
determination and report to the Congress.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, December 4, 2008.




Memorandum of December 9, 2008

Designation of Officers of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation To 
Act As Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation

Memorandum for the Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et seq., it is hereby ordered that:
Section 1. Order of Succession. Subject to the provisions of section 2 
of this memorandum, the following officials of the Pension Benefit 
Guaranty Corporation, in the order listed, shall act as and perform the 
functions and duties of the office of the Director of the Pension 
Benefit Guaranty Corporation (Director), during any period in which the 
Director has died, resigned,

[[Page 316]]

or otherwise become unable to perform the functions and duties of the 
office of Director, until such time as the Director is able to perform 
the functions and duties of that office:
    (a) Deputy Director for Operations;
    (b) Chief Management Officer;
    (c) Chief Operating Officer; and
    (d) General Counsel.
Sec. 2. Exceptions. a) No individual who is serving in an office listed 
in section 1 in an acting capacity, by virtue of so serving, shall act 
as the Director pursuant to this memorandum.
    (b) No individual listed in section 1 shall act as Director unless 
that individual is otherwise eligible to so serve under the Federal 
Vacancies Reform Act of 1998.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this memorandum, the President 
retains discretion, to the extent permitted by law, to depart from this 
memorandum in designating an acting Director.
Sec. 3. This memorandum is intended to improve the internal management 
of the executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity, by any party against the United States, it agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or 
any other person.
Sec. 4. You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, December 9, 2008.




Memorandum of December 9, 2008

Designation of Officers of the United States Agency for International 
Development To Act As Administrator

Memorandum for the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
International Development
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Vacancies 
Reform Act of 1998, 5 U.S.C. 3345 et seq., it is hereby ordered that:
Section 1.  Order of Succession. Subject to the provisions of section 2 
of this memorandum, the Assistant Administrators for the Bureaus, in the 
order in which they were appointed as an Assistant Administrator, shall 
act as and perform the functions and duties of the office of the 
Administrator (Administrator), during any period in which the 
Administrator and the Deputy Administrator have died, resigned, or 
otherwise become unable

[[Page 317]]

to perform the functions and duties of the office of Administrator, 
until such time as the Administrator or Deputy Administrator are able to 
perform the functions and duties of that office:
    (a) Bureau for Africa;
    (b) Bureau for Asia;
    (c) Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance;
    (d) Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade;
    (e) Bureau for Europe and Eurasia;
    (f) Bureau for Global Health;
    (g) Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean;
    (h) Bureau for Legislative and Public Affairs;
    (i) Bureau for Management; and
    (j) Bureau for the Middle East.
Sec. 2.  Exceptions. (a) No individual who is serving in an office 
listed in section 1 in an acting capacity, by virtue of so serving, 
shall act as the Administrator pursuant to this memorandum.
    (b) No individual listed in section 1 shall act as Administrator 
unless that individual is otherwise eligible to so serve under the 
Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this memorandum, the President 
retains discretion, to the extent permitted by law, to depart from this 
memorandum in designating an acting Administrator.
Sec. 3. This memorandum supersedes the President's memorandum of July 
10, 2002, (Designation of Officers of the United States Agency for 
International Development to Act as Administrator).
Sec. 4. This memorandum is intended to improve the internal management 
of the executive branch and is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity, by any party against the United States, it agencies, 
instrumentalities, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or 
any other person.
Sec. 5. You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in 
the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, December 9, 2008.

[[Page 318]]





Presidential Determination No. 2009-9 of December 18, 2008

Unexpected Urgent Humanitarian Needs Related to the Democratic Republic 
of Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda

Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the ``Act''), as amended, (22 U.S.C. 
2601 and 2603) and section 301 of title 3, United States Code:

(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to section 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it is 
important to the national interest to furnish assistance under the Act in 
an amount not to exceed $6 million from the United States Emergency Refugee 
and Migration Assistance Fund, for the purpose of meeting unexpected and 
urgent refugee and migration needs related to humanitarian needs of 
Congolese refugees and internally displaced, including by contributions to 
international, governmental, and nongovernmental organizations and payment 
of administrative expenses of the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and 
Migration of the Department of State; and

(2) The functions of the President in relation to this memorandum under 
section 2(d) of the Act, and of establishing terms and conditions under 
section 2(c)(1) of the Act, are assigned to you, and you may further assign 
such functions to your subordinates, consistent with applicable law.

You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the 
Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, December 18, 2008.




Memorandum of December 23, 2008

Provision of Aviation Insurance Coverage for Commercial Air Carrier 
Service in Domestic and International Operations

Memorandum for the Secretary of Transportation
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws 
of the United States including 49 U.S.C. 44302, et seq., I hereby:
1. Determine that continuation of U.S.-flag commercial air service is 
necessary in the interest of air commerce, national security, and the 
foreign policy of the United States.
2. Approve provision by the Secretary of Transportation (Secretary) of 
insurance or reinsurance to U.S.-flag air carriers against loss or 
damage arising out of any risk from the operation of an aircraft in the 
manner and to the extent provided in chapter 443 of 49 U.S.C.:

(a) Until March 31, 2009;

[[Page 319]]

(b) After March 31, 2009, but no later than August 31, 2009, when the 
Secretary determines that such insurance or reinsurance cannot be obtained 
on reasonable terms and conditions from any company authorized to conduct 
an insurance business in a State of the United States.

3. Delegate to the Secretary the authority, vested in me by 49 U.S.C. 
44306(c), to extend this determination for additional periods beyond 
March 31, 2009, but no later than August 31, 2009, when the Secretary 
finds that the continued operation of aircraft to be insured or 
reinsured is necessary in the interest of air commerce or the national 
security, or to carry out the foreign policy of the United States 
Government.
You are directed to bring this determination immediately to the 
attention of all air carriers within the meaning of 49 U.S.C. 40102(2), 
and to arrange for its publication in the Federal Register.
GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    Washington, December 23, 2008.

[[Page 321]]



              CHAPTER I--EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT




  --------------------------------------------------------------------

Part                                                                Page
100             Standards of conduct........................         322
101             Public information provisions of the 
                    Administrative Procedures Act...........         322
102             Enforcement of nondiscrimination on the 
                    basis of handicap in programs or 
                    activities conducted by the Executive 
                    Office of the President.................         322

[[Page 322]]



PART 100_STANDARDS OF CONDUCT--Table of Contents



    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 7301.

    Source: 64 FR 12881, Mar. 16, 1999, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 100.1  Ethical conduct standards and financial disclosure regulations.

    Employees of the Executive Office of the President are subject to 
the executive branch-wide standards of ethical conduct at 5 CFR part 
2635, and the executive branch-wide financial disclosure regulations at 
5 CFR part 2634.



PART 101_PUBLIC INFORMATION PROVISIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES ACT--

Table of Contents



Sec.
101.1 Executive Office of the President.
101.2 Office of Management and Budget.
101.3 Office of Administration.
101.4 National Security Council.
101.5 Council on Environmental Quality.
101.6 Office of National Drug Control Policy.
101.7 Office of Science and Technology Policy.
101.8 Office of the United States Trade Representative.

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552.

    Source: 40 FR 8061, Feb. 25, 1975 and 55 FR 46067, November 1, 1990, 
unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 101.1  Executive Office of the President.

    Until further regulations are promulgated, the remainder of the 
entities within the Executive Office of the President, to the extent 
that 5 U.S.C. 552 is applicable, shall follow the procedures set forth 
in the regulations applicable to the Office of Management and Budget (5 
CFR Ch. III). Requests for information from these other entities should 
be submitted directly to such entity.



Sec. 101.2  Office of Management and Budget.

    Freedom of Information regulations for the Office of Management and 
Budget appear at 5 CFR Ch. III.



Sec. 101.3  Office of Administration.

    Freedom of Information regulations for the Office of Administration 
appear at 5 CFR part 2502.

[55 FR 46037, Nov. 1, 1990]



Sec. 101.4  National Security Council.

    Freedom of Information regulations for the National Security Council 
appear at 32 CFR Ch. XXI.



Sec. 101.5  Council on Environmental Quality.

    Freedom of Information regulations for the Council on Environmental 
Quality appear at 40 CFR Ch. V.

[42 FR 65131, Dec. 30, 1977]



Sec. 101.6  Office of National Drug Control Policy.

    Freedom of Information regulations for the Office of National Drug 
Control Policy appear at 21 CFR parts 1400-1499.

[55 FR 46037, Nov. 1, 1990]



Sec. 101.7  Office of Science and Technology Policy.

    Freedom of Information regulations for the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy appear at 32 CFR part 2402.

[55 FR 46037, Nov. 1, 1990]



Sec. 101.8  Office of the United States Trade Representative.

    Freedom of Information regulations for the Office of the United 
States Trade Representative appear at 15 CFR part 2004.

[55 FR 46037, Nov. 1, 1990]



PART 102_ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS 

OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT--Table of 

Contents



Sec.
102.101 Purpose.
102.102 Application.
102.103 Definitions.
102.104-102.109 [Reserved]
102.110 Self-evaluation.
102.111 Notice.
102.112-102.129 [Reserved]

[[Page 323]]

102.130 General prohibitions against discrimination.
102.131-102.139 [Reserved]
102.140 Employment.
102.141-102.148 [Reserved]
102.149 Program accessibility: Discrimination prohibited.
102.150 Program accessibility: Existing facilities.
102.151 Program accessibility: New construction and alterations.
102.152-102.159 [Reserved]
102.160 Communications.
102.161-102.169 [Reserved]
102.170 Compliance procedures.
102.171-102.999 [Reserved]

    Authority: 29 U.S.C. 794.

    Source: 53 FR 25879, July 8, 1988, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 102.101  Purpose.

    The purpose of this regulation is to effectuate section 119 of the 
Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Services, and Developmental Disabilities 
Amendments of 1978, which amended section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act 
of 1973 to prohibit discrimination on the basis of handicap in programs 
or activities conducted by Executive agencies or the United States 
Postal Service.



Sec. 102.102  Application.

    This regulation (Sec. Sec. 102.101-102.170) applies to all programs 
or activities conducted by the agency, except for programs or activities 
conducted outside the United States that do not involve individuals with 
handicaps in the United States.



Sec. 102.103  Definitions.

    For purposes of this regulation, the term--
    Agency means, for purposes of this regulation only, the following 
entities in the Executive Office of the President: the White House 
Office, the Office of the Vice President, the Office of Management and 
Budget, the Office of Policy Development, the National Security Council, 
the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the Office of the United 
States Trade Representative, the Council on Environmental Quality, the 
Council of Economic Advisers, the Office of Administration, the Office 
of Federal Procurement Policy, and any committee, board, commission, or 
similar group established in the Executive Office of the President.
    Agency head or head of the agency; as used in Sec. Sec. 
102.150(a)(3), 102.160(d) and 102.170 (i) and (j), shall be a three-
member board which will include the Director, Office of Administration, 
the head of the Executive Office of the President, agency in which the 
issue needing resolution or decision arises and one other agency head 
selected by the two other board members. In the event that an issue 
needing resolution or decision arises within the Office of 
Administration, one of the board members shall be the Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget.
    Assistant Attorney General means the Assistant Attorney General, 
Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice.
    Auxiliary aids means services or devices that enable persons with 
impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills to have an equal 
opportunity to participate in, and enjoy the benefits of, programs or 
activities conducted by the agency. For example, auxiliary aids useful 
for persons with impaired vision include readers, Brailled materials, 
audio recordings, and other similar services and devices. Auxiliary aids 
useful for persons with impaired hearing include telephone handset 
amplifiers, telephones compatible with hearing aids, telecommunication 
devices for deaf persons (TDD's), interpreters, notetakers, written 
materials, and other similar services and devices.
    Complete complaint means a written statement that contains the 
complainant's name and address and describes the agency's alleged 
discriminatory action in sufficient detail to inform the agency of the 
nature and date of the alleged violation of section 504. It shall be 
signed by the complainant or by someone authorized to do so on his or 
her behalf. Complaints filed on behalf of classes or third parties shall 
describe or identify (by name, if possible) the alleged victims of 
discrimination.
    Facility means all or any portion of buildings, structures, 
equipment, roads, walks, parking lots, rolling stock or other 
conveyances, or other real or personal property.
    Historic preservation programs means programs conducted by the 
agency that

[[Page 324]]

have preservation of historic properties as a primary purpose.
    Historic properties means those properties that are listed or 
eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or 
properties designated as historic under a statute of the appropriate 
State or local government body.
    Individual with handicaps means any person who has a physical or 
mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life 
activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having 
such an impairment.
    As used in this definition, the phrase:
    (1) Physical or mental impairment includes--
    (i) Any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, 
or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: 
Neurological; musculoskeletal; special sense organs; respiratory, 
including speech organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive; 
genitourinary; hemic and lymphatic; skin; and endocrine; or
    (ii) Any mental or psychological disorder, such as mental 
retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and 
specific learning disabilities. The term ``physical or mental 
impairment'' includes, but is not limited to, such diseases and 
conditions as orthopedic, visual, speech, and hearing impairments, 
cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, 
cancer, heart disease, diabetes, mental retardation, emotional illness, 
and drug addiction and alcoholism.
    (2) Major life activities includes functions such as caring for 
one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, 
breathing, learning, and working.
    (3) Has a record of such an impairment means has a history of, or 
has been misclassified as having, a mental or physical impairment that 
substantially limits one or more major life activities.
    (4) Is regarded as having an impairment means--
    (i) Has a physical or mental impairment that does not substantially 
limit major life activities but is treated by the agency as constituting 
such a limitation;
    (ii) Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits 
major life activities only as a result of the attitudes of others toward 
such impairment; or
    (iii) Has none of the impairments defined in paragraph (1) of this 
definition but is treated by the agency as having such an impairment.
    Qualified individual with handicaps means--
    (1) With respect to preschool, elementary, or secondary education 
services provided by the agency, an individual with handicaps who is a 
member of a class of persons otherwise entitled by statute, regulation, 
or agency policy to receive education services from the agency;
    (2) With respect to any other agency program or activity under which 
a person is required to perform services or to achieve a level of 
accomplishment, an individual with handicaps who meets the essential 
eligibility requirements and who can achieve the purpose of the program 
or activity without modifications in the program or activity that the 
agency can demonstrate would result in a fundamental alteration in its 
nature;
    (3) With respect to any other program or activity, an individual 
with handicaps who meets the essential eligibility requirements for 
participation in, or receipt of benefits from, that program or activity; 
and
    (4) ``Qualified handicapped person'' as that term is defined for 
purposes of employment in 29 CFR 1613.702(f), which is made applicable 
to this regulation by Sec. 102.140.
    Section 504 means section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 
(Pub. L. 93-112, 87 Stat. 394 (29 U.S.C. 794)), as amended by the 
Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1974 (Pub. L. 93-516, 88 Stat. 1617); 
the Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Services, and Developmental 
Disabilities Amendments of 1978 (Pub. L. 95-602, 92 Stat. 2955); and the 
Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1986 (Pub. L. 99-506, 100 Stat. 1810). 
As used in this regulation, section 504 applies only to programs or 
activities conducted by Executive agencies and not to federally assisted 
programs.
    Substantial impairment means a significant loss of the integrity of 
finished

[[Page 325]]

materials, design quality, or special character resulting from a 
permanent alteration.



Sec. Sec. 102.104-102.109  [Reserved]



Sec. 102.110  Self-evaluation.

    (a) The agency shall, by September 6, 1989, evaluate its current 
policies and practices, and the effects thereof, that do not or may not 
meet the requirements of this regulation and, to the extent modification 
of any such policies and practices is required, the agency shall proceed 
to make the necessary modifications.
    (b) The agency shall provide an opportunity to interested persons, 
including individuals with handicaps or organizations representing 
individuals with handicaps, to participate in the self-evaluation 
process by submitting comments (both oral and written).
    (c) The agency shall, for at least three years following completion 
of the self-evaluation, maintain on file and make available for public 
inspection:
    (1) A description of areas examined and any problems identified; and
    (2) A description of any modifications made.



Sec. 102.111  Notice.

    The agency shall make available to employees, applicants, 
participants, beneficiaries, and other interested persons such 
information regarding the provisions of this regulation and its 
applicability to the programs or activities conducted by the agency, and 
make such information available to them in such manner as the head of 
the agency finds necessary to apprise such persons of the protections 
against discrimination assured them by section 504 and this regulation.



Sec. Sec. 102.112-102.129  [Reserved]



Sec. 102.130  General prohibitions against discrimination.

    (a) No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of 
handicap, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, 
or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program or 
activity conducted by the agency.
    (b)(1) The agency, in providing any aid, benefit, or service, may 
not, directly or through contractual, licensing, or other arrangements, 
on the basis of handicap--
    (i) Deny a qualified individual with handicaps the opportunity to 
participate in or benefit from the aid, benefit, or service;
    (ii) Afford a qualified individual with handicaps an opportunity to 
participate in or benefit from the aid, benefit, or service that is not 
equal to that afforded others;
    (iii) Provide a qualified individual with handicaps with an aid, 
benefit, or service that is not as effective in affording equal 
opportunity to obtain the same result, to gain the same benefit, or to 
reach the same level of achievement as that provided to others;
    (iv) Provide different or separate aid, benefits, or services to 
individuals with handicaps or to any class of individuals with handicaps 
than is provided to others unless such action is necessary to provide 
qualified individuals with handicaps with aid, benefits, or services 
that are as effective as those provided to others;
    (v) Deny a qualified individual with handicaps the opportunity to 
participate as a member of planning or advisory boards;
    (vi) Otherwise limit a qualified individual with handicaps in the 
enjoyment of any right, privilege, advantage, or opportunity enjoyed by 
others receiving the aid, benefit, or service.
    (2) The agency may not deny a qualified individual with handicaps 
the opportunity to participate in programs or activities that are not 
separate or different, despite the existence of permissibly separate or 
different programs or activities.
    (3) The agency may not, directly or through contractual or other 
arrangements, utilize criteria or methods of administration the purpose 
or effect of which would--
    (i) Subject qualified individuals with handicaps to discrimination 
on the basis of handicap; or
    (ii) Defeat or substantially impair accomplishment of the objectives 
of a program or activity with respect to individuals with handicaps.

[[Page 326]]

    (4) The agency may not, in determining the site or location of a 
facility, make selections the purpose or effect of which would--
    (i) Exclude individuals with handicaps from, deny them the benefits 
of, or otherwise subject them to discrimination under any program or 
activity conducted by the agency; or
    (ii) Defeat or substantially impair the accomplishment of the 
objectives of a program or activity with respect to individuals with 
handicaps.
    (5) The agency, in the selection of procurement contractors, may not 
use criteria that subject qualified individuals with handicaps to 
discrimination on the basis of handicap.
    (6) The agency may not administer a licensing or certification 
program in a manner that subjects qualified individuals with handicaps 
to discrimination on the basis of handicap, nor may the agency establish 
requirements for the programs or activities of licensees or certified 
entities that subject qualified individuals with handicaps to 
discrimination on the basis of handicap. However, the programs or 
activities of entities that are licensed or certified by the agency are 
not, themselves, covered by this regulation.
    (c) The exclusion of nonhandicapped persons from the benefits of a 
program limited by Federal statute or Executive order to individuals 
with handicaps or the exclusion of a specific class of individuals with 
handicaps from a program limited by Federal statute or Executive order 
to a different class of individuals with handicaps is not prohibited by 
this regulation.
    (d) The agency shall administer programs and activities in the most 
integrated setting appropriate to the needs of qualified individuals 
with handicaps.



Sec. Sec. 102.131-102.139  [Reserved]



Sec. 102.140  Employment.

    No qualified individual with handicaps shall, on the basis of 
handicap, be subject to discrimination in employment under any program 
or activity conducted by the agency. The definitions, requirements, and 
procedures of section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 
791), as established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 
29 CFR part 1613, shall apply to employment in federally conducted 
programs or activities.



Sec. 102.141-102.148  [Reserved]



Sec. 102.149  Program accessibility: Discrimination prohibited.

    Except as otherwise provided in Sec. 102.150, no qualified 
individual with handicaps shall, because the agency's facilities are 
inaccessible to or unusable by individuals with handicaps, be denied the 
benefits of, be excluded from participation in, or otherwise be 
subjected to discrimination under any program or activity conducted by 
the agency.



Sec. 102.150  Program accessibility: Existing facilities.

    (a) General. The agency shall operate each program or activity so 
that the program or activity, when viewed in its entirety, is readily 
accessible to and usable by individuals with handicaps. This paragraph 
does not--
    (1) Necessarily require the agency to make each of its existing 
facilities accessible to and usable by individuals with handicaps;
    (2) In the case of historic preservation programs, require the 
agency to take any action that would result in a substantial impairment 
of significant historic features of an historic property; or
    (3) Require the agency to take any action that it can demonstrate 
would result in a fundamental alteration in the nature of a program or 
activity or in undue financial and administrative burdens. In those 
circumstances where agency personnel believe that the proposed action 
would fundamentally alter the program or activity or would result in 
undue financial and administrative burdens, the agency has the burden of 
proving that compliance with Sec. 102.150(a) would result in such 
alteration or burdens. The decision that compliance would result in such 
alteration or burdens must be made by the agency head or his or her 
designee after considering all agency resources available for use in the 
funding and operation of the conducted program or activity, and must be 
accompanied by a written statement of the reasons

[[Page 327]]

forreaching that conclusion. If an action would result in such an 
alteration or such burdens, the agency shall take any other action that 
would not result in such an alteration or such burdens but would 
nevertheless ensure that individuals with handicaps receive the benefits 
and services of the program or activity.
    (b) Methods--(1) General. The agency may comply with the 
requirements of this section through such means as redesign of 
equipment, reassignment of services to accessible buildings, assignment 
of aides to beneficiaries, home visits, delivery of services at 
alternate accessible sites, alteration of existing facilities and 
construction of new facilities, use of accessible rolling stock, or any 
other methods that result in making its programs or activities readily 
accessible to and usable by individuals with handicaps. The agency is 
not required to make structural changes in existing facilities where 
other methods are effective in achieving compliance with this section. 
The agency, in making alterations to existing buildings, shall meet 
accessibility requirements to the extent compelled by the Architectural 
Barriers Act of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4151-4157), and any 
regulations implementing it. In choosing among available methods for 
meeting the requirements of this section, the agency shall give priority 
to those methods that offer programs and activities to qualified 
individuals with handicaps in the most integrated setting appropriate.
    (2) Historic preservation programs. In meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 102.150(a) in historic preservation programs, the agency shall 
give priority to methods that provide physical access to individuals 
with handicaps. In cases where a physical alteration to an historic 
property is not required because of Sec. 102.150(a) (2) or (3), 
alternative methods of achieving program accessibility include--
    (i) Using audio-visual materials and devices to depict those 
portions of an historic property that cannot otherwise be made 
accessible;
    (ii) Assigning persons to guide individuals with handicaps into or 
through portions of historic properties that cannot otherwise be made 
accessible; or
    (iii) Adopting other innovative methods.
    (c) Time period for compliance. The agency shall comply with the 
obligations established under this section by November 7, 1988, except 
that where structural changes in facilities are undertaken, such changes 
shall be made by September 6, 1991, but in any event as expeditiously as 
possible.
    (d) Transition plan. In the event that structural changes to 
facilities will be undertaken to achieve program accessibility, the 
agency shall develop, by March 6, 1989, a transition plan setting forth 
the steps necessary to complete such changes. The agency shall provide 
an opportunity to interested persons, including individuals with 
handicaps or organizations representing individuals with handicaps, to 
participate in the development of the transition plan by submitting 
comments (both oral and written). A copy of the transition plan shall be 
made available for public inspection. The plan shall, at a minimum--
    (1) Identify physical obstacles in the agency's facilities that 
limit the accessibility of its programs or activities to individuals 
with handicaps;
    (2) Describe in detail the methods that will be used to make the 
facilities accessible;
    (3) Specify the schedule for taking the steps necessary to achieve 
compliance with this section and, if the time period of the transition 
plan is longer than one year, identify steps that will be taken during 
each year of the transition period; and
    (4) Indicate the official responsible for implementation of the 
plan.



Sec. 102.151   Program accessibility: New construction and alterations.

    Each building or part of a building that is constructed or altered 
by, on behalf of, or for the use of the agency shall be designed, 
constructed, or altered so as to be readily accessible to and usable by 
individuals with handicaps. The definitions, requirements, and standards 
of the Architectural Barriers Act (42 U.S.C. 4151-4157), as established 
in 41 CFR 101-19.600 to 101-19.607,

[[Page 328]]

apply to buildings covered by this section.



Sec. Sec. 102.152-102.159  [Reserved]



Sec. 102.160  Communications.

    (a) The agency shall take appropriate steps to ensure effective 
communication with applicants, participants, personnel of other Federal 
entities, and members of the public.
    (1) The agency shall furnish appropriate auxiliary aids where 
necessary to afford an individual with handicaps an equal opportunity to 
participate in, and enjoy the benefits of, a program or activity 
conducted by the agency.
    (i) In determining what type of auxiliary aid is necessary, the 
agency shall give primary consideration to the requests of the 
individual with handicaps.
    (ii) The agency need not provide individually prescribed devices, 
readers for personal use or study, or other devices of a personal 
nature.
    (2) Where the agency communicates with applicants and beneficiaries 
by telephone, telecommunication devices for deaf persons (TDD's) or 
equally effective telecommunication systems shall be used to communicate 
with persons with impaired hearing.
    (b) The agency shall ensure that interested persons, including 
persons with impaired vision or hearing, can obtain information as to 
the existence and location of accessible services, activities, and 
facilities.
    (c) The agency shall provide signage at a primary entrance to each 
of its inaccessible facilities, directing users to a location at which 
they can obtain information about accessible facilities. The 
international symbol for accessibility shall be used at each primary 
entrance of an accessible facility.
    (d) This section does not require the agency to take any action that 
it can demonstrate would result in a fundamental alteration in the 
nature of a program or activity or in undue financial and administrative 
burdens. In those circumstances where agency personnel believe that the 
proposed action would fundamentally alter the program or activity or 
would result in undue financial and administrative burdens, the agency 
has the burden of proving that compliance with Sec. 102.160 would 
result in such alteration or burdens. The decision that compliance would 
result in such alteration or burdens must be made by the agency head or 
his or her designee after considering all agency resources available for 
use in the funding and operation of the conducted program or activity 
and must be accompanied by a written statement of the reasons for 
reaching that conclusion. If an action required to comply with this 
section would result in such an alteration or such burdens, the agency 
shall take any other action that would not result in such an alteration 
or such burdens but would nevertheless ensure that, to the maximum 
extent possible, individuals with handicaps receive the benefits and 
services of the program or activity.



Sec. Sec. 102.161-102.169  [Reserved]



Sec. 102.170  Compliance procedures.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, this 
section applies to all allegations of discrimination on the basis of 
handicap in programs and activities conducted by the agency.
    (b) The agency shall process complaints alleging violations of 
section 504 with respect to employment according to the procedures 
established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR 
part 1613 pursuant to section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 
U.S.C. 791).
    (c) The Director, Facilities Management, Office of Administration, 
Executive Office of the President, shall be responsible for coordinating 
implementation of this section. Complaints may be sent to the Director 
at the following address: Room 486, Old Executive Office Building, 17th 
and Pennsylvania Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20500.
    (d) The agency shall accept and investigate all complete complaints 
for which it has jurisdiction. All complete complaints must be filed 
within 180 days of the alleged act of discrimination. The agency may 
extend this time period for good cause.

[[Page 329]]

    (e) If the agency receives a complaint over which it does not have 
jurisdiction, it shall promptly notify the complainant and shall make 
reasonable efforts to refer the complaint to the appropriate Government 
entity.
    (f) The agency shall notify the Architectural and Transportation 
Barriers Compliance Board upon receipt of any complaint alleging that a 
building or facility that is subject to the Architectural Barriers Act 
of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4151-4157), is not readily accessible to 
and usable by individuals with handicaps.
    (g) Within 180 days of the receipt of a complete complaint for which 
it has jurisdiction, the agency shall notify the complainant of the 
results of the investigation in a letter containing--
    (1) Findings of fact and conclusions of law;
    (2) A description of a remedy for each violation found; and
    (3) A notice of the right to appeal.
    (h) Appeals of the findings of fact and conclusions of law or 
remedies must be filed by the complainant within 90 days of receipt from 
the agency of the letter required by Sec. 102.170(g). The agency may 
extend this time for good cause.
    (i) Timely appeals shall be accepted and processed by the head of 
the agency.
    (j) The head of the agency shall notify the complainant of the 
results of the appeal within 60 days of the receipt of the request. If 
the head of the agency determines that additional information is needed 
from the complainant, he or she shall have 60 days from the date of 
receipt of the additional information to make his or her determination 
on the appeal.
    (k) The time limits cited in paragraphs (g) and (j) of this section 
may be extended with the permission of the Assistant Attorney General.
    (l) The agency may delegate its authority for conducting complaint 
investigations to other Federal agencies, except that the authority for 
making the final determination may not be delegated to another agency.



Sec. Sec. 102.171-102.999  [Reserved]

[[Page 331]]




                          TITLE 3 FINDING AIDS


________________________________________________________________________


Table 1--Proclamations
Table 2--Executive Orders
Table 3--Other Presidential Documents
Table 4--Presidential Documents Affected During 2008
Table 5--Statutes Cited as Authority for Presidential Documents
List of CFR Sections Affected
Index

[[Page 333]]

                         Table 1--PROCLAMATIONS

------------------------------------------------------------------------
        No.          Signature Date         Subject         73 FR Page
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    2008...........
 
8215..............  Jan. 14........  Religious Freedom            3375
                                      Day, 2008.
8216..............  Jan. 16........  Martin Luther King,          3855
                                      Jr., Federal
                                      Holiday, 2008.
8217..............  Jan. 18........  National Sanctity of         4673
                                      Human Life Day,
                                      2008.
8218..............  Jan. 28........  National African             5705
                                      American History
                                      Month, 2008.
8219..............  Jan. 28........  Sixth Anniversary of         5707
                                      USA Freedom Corps,
                                      2008.
8220..............  Feb. 1.........  American Heart               6831
                                      Month, 2008.
8221..............  Feb. 28........  American Red Cross          11513
                                      Month, 2008.
8222..............  Feb. 28........  Save Your Vision            11515
                                      Week, 2008.
8223..............  Feb. 29........  Irish-American              11999
                                      Heritage Month,
                                      2008.
8224..............  Feb. 29........  National Consumer           12001
                                      Protection Week,
                                      2008.
8225..............  Mar. 10........  Women's History             13429
                                      Month, 2008.
8226..............  Mar. 14........  National Poison             14915
                                      Prevention Week,
                                      2008.
8227..............  Mar. 20........  Greek Independence          15633
                                      Day: A National Day
                                      of Celebration of
                                      Greek and American
                                      Democracy, 2008.
8228..............  Mar. 28........  To Modify the               18141
                                      Harmonized Tariff
                                      Schedule of the
                                      United States and
                                      for Other Purposes.
8229..............  Apr. 1.........  Cancer Control              18425
                                      Month, 2008.
8230..............  Apr. 1.........  National Child Abuse        18427
                                      Prevention Month,
                                      2008.
8231..............  Apr. 1.........  National Donate Life        18429
                                      Month, 2008.
8232..............  Apr. 1.........  National Fair               18431
                                      Housing Month, 2008.
8233..............  Apr. 4.........  National Tartan Day,        19387
                                      2008.
8234..............  Apr. 8.........  National Former             19953
                                      Prisoner of War
                                      Recognition Day,
                                      2008.
8235..............  Apr. 9.........  National D.A.R.E.           19955
                                      Day, 2008.
8236..............  Apr. 10........  Pan American Day and        20147
                                      Pan American Week,
                                      2008.
8237..............  Apr. 11........  National Crime              20521
                                      Victims' Rights
                                      Week, 2008.
8238..............  Apr. 15........  Education and               21017
                                      Sharing Day,
                                      U.S.A., 2008.
8239..............  Apr. 15........  National Park Week,         21213
                                      2008.
8240..............  Apr. 17........  To Take Certain             21515
                                      Actions Under the
                                      African Growth and
                                      Opportunity Act and
                                      the Generalized
                                      System of
                                      Preferences and for
                                      Other Purposes.
8241..............  Apr. 17........  Small Business Week,        21805
                                      2008.
8242..............  Apr. 21........  National Day of             22269
                                      Prayer, 2008.
8243..............  Apr. 22........  Older Americans             22779
                                      Month, 2008.
8244..............  Apr. 22........  National Volunteer          22781
                                      Week, 2008.
8245..............  Apr. 22........  Loyalty Day, 2008...        22783

[[Page 334]]

 
8246..............  Apr. 25........  Malaria Awareness           23063
                                      Day, 2008.
8247..............  Apr. 29........  Asian/Pacific               24133
                                      American Heritage
                                      Month, 2008.
8248..............  Apr. 29........  Jewish American             24135
                                      Heritage Month,
                                      2008.
8249..............  Apr. 29........  National Physical           24137
                                      Fitness and Sports
                                      Month, 2008.
8250..............  Apr. 30........  Law Day, U.S.A.,            25501
                                      2008.
8251..............  May 2..........  National Charter            25503
                                      Schools Week, 2008.
8252..............  May 5..........  Military Spouse Day,        26311
                                      2008.
8253..............  May 8..........  Mother's Day, 2008..        27457
8254..............  May 9..........  National Defense            27713
                                      Transportation Day
                                      and National
                                      Transportation
                                      Week, 2008.
8255..............  May 9..........  Peace Officers'             27715
                                      Memorial Day and
                                      Police Week, 2008.
8256..............  May 15.........  National Safe               29383
                                      Boating Week, 2008.
8257..............  May 15.........  World Trade Week,           29385
                                      2008.
8258..............  May 20.........  A Day of Solidarity         29977
                                      With the Cuban
                                      People, 2008.
8259..............  May 21.........  National Maritime           30269
                                      Day, 2008.
8260..............  May 22.........  Prayer for Peace,           30725
                                      Memorial Day, 2008.
8261..............  May 23.........  National Hurricane          31009
                                      Preparedness Week,
                                      2008.
8262..............  May 29.........  Caribbean-American          31745
                                      Heritage Month,
                                      2008.
8263..............  May 29.........  National                    31747
                                      Homeownership
                                      Month, 2008.
8264..............  May 30.........  Black Music Month,          31921
                                      2008.
8265..............  May 30.........  Great Outdoors              31923
                                      Month, 2008.
8266..............  May 30.........  Italian Independence        31925
                                      Day, 2008.
8267..............  May 30.........  National Child's            31927
                                      Day, 2008.
8268..............  June 2.........  National Oceans             32233
                                      Month, 2008.
8269..............  June 6.........  Flag Day and                32983
                                      National Flag Week,
                                      2008.
8270..............  June 12........  Father's Day, 2008..        34603
8271..............  June 26........  Termination of the          36785
                                      Exercise of
                                      Authorities Under
                                      the Trading With
                                      the Enemy Act With
                                      Respect to North
                                      Korea.
8272..............  June 30........  To Modify Duty-Free         38297
                                      Treatment Under the
                                      Generalized System
                                      of Preferences,
                                      Take Certain
                                      Actions Under the
                                      African Growth and
                                      Opportunity Act,
                                      and for Other
                                      Purposes.
8273..............  July 14........  FBI Day, 2008.......        41233
8274..............  July 18........  Captive Nations             43051
                                      Week, 2008.
8275..............  July 23........  60th Anniversary of         43606
                                      the Integration of
                                      the United States
                                      Armed Forces.
8276..............  July 24........  Anniversary of the          44133
                                      Americans with
                                      Disabilities Act,
                                      2008.
8277..............  July 24........  Parents' Day, 2008..        44135
8278..............  Aug. 22........  Women's Equality            50695
                                      Day, 2008.
8279..............  Aug. 25........  National Prostate           50697
                                      Cancer Awareness
                                      Month, 2008.
8280..............  Aug. 25........  Minority Enterprise         50699
                                      Development Week,
                                      2008.
8281..............  Aug. 26........  National Ovarian            50871
                                      Cancer Awareness
                                      Month, 2008.

[[Page 335]]

 
8282..............  Aug. 26........  National                    50873
                                      Preparedness Month,
                                      2008.
8283..............  Aug. 27........  National Alcohol and        51207
                                      Drug Addiction
                                      Recovery Month,
                                      2008.
8284..............  Aug. 28........  National Days of            51213
                                      Prayer and
                                      Remembrance, 2008.
8285..............  Sept. 3........  National                    51897
                                      Historically Black
                                      Colleges and
                                      Universities Week,
                                      2008.
8286..............  Sept. 8........  Patriot Day, 2008...        52773
8287..............  Sept. 12.......  National Hispanic           54051
                                      Heritage Month,
                                      2008.
8288..............  Sept. 12.......  National Employer           54053
                                      Support of the
                                      Guard and Reserve
                                      Week, 2008.
8289..............  Sept. 17.......  Constitution Day and        54289
                                      Citizenship Day,
                                      Constitution Week,
                                      2008.
8290..............  Sept. 17.......  National POW/MIA            54485
                                      Recognition Day,
                                      2008.
8291..............  Sept. 18.......  National Farm Safety        54923
                                      and Health Week,
                                      2008.
8292..............  Sept. 19.......  Family Day, 2008....        54925
8293..............  Sept. 24.......  Gold Star Mother's          56447
                                      Day, 2008.
8294..............  Sept. 26.......  To Implement                57223
                                      Amendments to the
                                      Burmese Freedom and
                                      Democracy Act of
                                      2003.
8295..............  Sept. 26.......  National Hunting and        57233
                                      Fishing Day, 2008.
8296..............  Sept. 30.......  To Modify Duty-free         57475
                                      Treatment Under The
                                      Caribbean Basin
                                      Economic Recovery
                                      Act and for Other
                                      Purposes.
8297..............  Oct. 1.........  National Breast             58429
                                      Cancer Awareness
                                      Month, 2008.
8298..............  Oct. 1.........  National Disability         58431
                                      Employment
                                      Awareness Month,
                                      2008.
8299..............  Oct. 1.........  National Domestic           58433
                                      Violence Awareness
                                      Month, 2008.
8300..............  Oct. 3.........  Child Health Day,           58861
                                      2008.
8301..............  Oct. 3.........  German-American Day,        58863
                                      2008.
8302..............  Oct. 3.........  Fire Prevention             58867
                                      Week, 2008.
8303..............  Oct. 8.........  Leif Erikson Day,           60603
                                      2008.
8304..............  Oct. 10........  National School             61649
                                      Lunch Week, 2008.
8305..............  Oct. 10........  Columbus Day, 2008..        61651
8306..............  Oct. 10........  General Pulaski             61653
                                      Memorial Day, 2008.
8307..............  Oct. 13........  White Cane Safety           61655
                                      Day, 2008.
8308..............  Oct. 16........  National Character          62435
                                      Counts Week, 2008.
8309..............  Oct. 16........  National Forest             62437
                                      Products Week, 2008.
8310..............  Oct. 23........  United Nations Day,         64177
                                      2008.
8311..............  Oct. 29........  National Family             64857
                                      Caregivers Month,
                                      2008.
8312..............  Oct. 29........  National Alzheimer's        65237
                                      Disease Awareness
                                      Month, 2008.
8313..............  Oct. 30........  National American           65491
                                      Indian Heritage
                                      Month, 2008.
8314..............  Oct. 30........  National Diabetes           65493
                                      Month, 2008.
8315..............  Oct. 31........  National Adoption           65959
                                      Month, 2008.
8316..............  Oct. 31........  National Hospice            65961
                                      Month, 2008.
8317..............  Oct. 31........  Veterans Day........        65963
8318..............  Nov. 7.........  World Freedom Day,          66713
                                      2008.
8319..............  Nov. 14........  America Recycles            69519
                                      Day, 2008.
8320..............  Nov. 19........  National Farm-City          70857
                                      Week, 2008.
8321..............  Nov. 20........  National Family             70859
                                      Week, 2008.

[[Page 336]]

 
8322..............  Nov. 21........  Thanksgiving Day,           72301
                                      2008.
8323..............  Nov. 25........  To Provide for Duty-        72677
                                      Free Treatment
                                      Under the Earned
                                      Import Allowance
                                      Program, and for
                                      Other Purposes.
8324..............  Nov. 26........  National Drunk and          73149
                                      Drugged Driving
                                      Prevention Month,
                                      2008.
8325..............  Nov. 26........  World AIDS Day, 2008        73151
8326..............  Dec. 5.........  National Pearl              74925
                                      Harbor Remembrance
                                      Day, 2008.
8327..............  Dec. 5.........  Establishment of the        75293
                                      World War II Valor
                                      In the Pacific
                                      National Monument.
8328..............  Dec. 8.........  Human Rights Day,           75925
                                      Bill of Rights Day,
                                      and Human Rights
                                      Week, 2008.
8329..............  Dec. 16........  Wright Brothers Day,        78147
                                      2008.
8330..............  Dec. 19........  To Take Certain             78913
                                      Actions Under the
                                      African Growth and
                                      Opportunity Act and
                                      the Generalized
                                      System of
                                      Preferences.
8331..............  Dec. 23........  To Implement the            79585
                                      Dominican Republic-
                                      Central America-
                                      United States Free
                                      Trade Agreement
                                      With Respect to
                                      Costa Rica and for
                                      Other Purposes.
8332..............  Dec. 29........  To Implement the            80289
                                      United States-Oman
                                      Free Trade
                                      Agreement.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------------------
        No.          Signature Date         Subject         74 FR Page
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    2009...........
 
8333..............  Dec. 30........  National Mentoring            609
                                      Month, 2009.
8334..............  Dec. 31........  To Extend Duty-Free           611
                                      Treatment for
                                      Certain
                                      Agricultural
                                      Products of Israel
                                      and for Other
                                      Purposes.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 337]]

                        Table 2--EXECUTIVE ORDERS

------------------------------------------------------------------------
        No.          Signature Date         Subject         73 FR Page
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    2008...........
 
13454.............  Jan. 4.........  Adjustments of               1481
                                      Certain Rates of
                                      Pay.
13455.............  Jan. 22........  Establishing the             4445
                                      President's
                                      Advisory Council on
                                      Financial Literacy.
13456.............  Jan. 23........  Further Amendment of         4677
                                      Executive Order
                                      11858 Concerning
                                      Foreign Investment
                                      in the United
                                      States.
13457.............  Jan. 29........  Protecting American          6417
                                      Taxpayers From
                                      Government Spending
                                      on Wasteful
                                      Earmarks.
13458.............  Feb. 4.........  Implementation of            7181
                                      the Protocol
                                      Additional to the
                                      Agreement Between
                                      the United States
                                      and the
                                      International
                                      Atomic Energy
                                      Agency for the
                                      Application of
                                      Safeguards in the
                                      United States of
                                      America.
13459.............  Feb. 7.........  Improving the                8003
                                      Coordination and
                                      Effectiveness of
                                      Youth Programs.
13460.............  Feb. 13........  Blocking Property of         8991
                                      Additional Persons
                                      in Connection With
                                      the National
                                      Emergency With
                                      Respect to Syria.
13461.............  Feb. 15........  Providing an Order           9437
                                      of Succession
                                      Within the
                                      Department of
                                      Health and Human
                                      Services.
13462.............  Feb. 29........  President's                 11805
                                      Intelligence
                                      Advisory Board and
                                      Intelligence
                                      Oversight Board.
13463.............  Apr. 18........  Amending Executive          22047
                                      Orders 13389 and
                                      13390.
13464.............  Apr. 30........  Blocking Property           24491
                                      and Prohibiting
                                      Certain
                                      Transactions
                                      Related to Burma.
13465.............  June 6.........  Amending Executive          33285
                                      Order 12989, as
                                      Amended.
13466.............  June 26........  Continuing Certain          36787
                                      Restrictions With
                                      Respect to North
                                      Korea and North
                                      Korean Nationals.
13467.............  June 30........  Reforming Processes         38103
                                      Related to
                                      Suitability for
                                      Government
                                      Employment, Fitness
                                      for Contractor
                                      Employees, and
                                      Eligibility for
                                      Access to
                                      Classified National
                                      Security
                                      Information.
13468.............  July 24........  2008 Amendments to          43827
                                      the Manual for
                                      Courts-Martial,
                                      United States.
13469.............  July 25........  Blocking Property of        43841
                                      Additional Persons
                                      Undermining
                                      Democratic
                                      Processes or
                                      Institutions in
                                      Zimbabwe.
13470.............  July 30........  Further Amendments          45325
                                      to Executive Order
                                      12333, United
                                      States Intelligence
                                      Activities.

[[Page 338]]

 
13471.............  Aug. 28........  Further Amendments          51209
                                      To Executive Order
                                      13285, President's
                                      Council On Service
                                      And Civic
                                      Participation.
13472.............  Sept. 11.......  Executive Branch            53353
                                      Responsibilities
                                      With Respect To
                                      Orders of
                                      Succession.
13473.............  Sept. 25.......  To Authorize Certain        56703
                                      Noncompetitive
                                      Appointments in the
                                      Civil Service for
                                      Spouses of Certain
                                      Members of the
                                      Armed Forces.
13474.............  Sept. 26.......  Amendments to               57229
                                      Executive Order
                                      12962.
13475.............  Oct. 7.........  Further Amendments          60095
                                      To Executive Orders
                                      12139 And 12949 In
                                      Light of the
                                      Foreign
                                      Intelligence
                                      Surveillance Act of
                                      1978 Amendments Act
                                      of 2008.
13476.............  Oct. 9.........  Facilitation of a           60605
                                      Presidential
                                      Transition.
13477.............  Oct. 31........  Settlement of Claims        65965
                                      Against Libya.
13478.............  Nov. 18........  Amendments To               70239
                                      Executive Order
                                      9397 Relating To
                                      Federal Agency Use
                                      of Social Security
                                      Numbers.
13479.............  Nov. 18........  Transformation of           70241
                                      the National Air
                                      Transportation
                                      System.
13480.............  Nov. 26........  Exclusions From the         73991
                                      Federal Labor-
                                      Management
                                      Relations Program.
13481.............  Dec. 9.........  Providing An Order          75531
                                      of Succession
                                      Within the
                                      Department of
                                      Justice.
13482.............  Dec. 12........  Closing of Executive        76501
                                      Departments and
                                      Agencies of the
                                      Federal Government
                                      on Friday, December
                                      26, 2008.
13483.............  Dec. 18........  Adjustments of              78587
                                      Certain Rates of
                                      Pay.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 339]]

                  Table 3--OTHER PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 73 FR
      Signature Date                     Subject                  Page
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2008
 
Jan. 18..................  Notice: Continuation of the              3859
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to Terrorists Who Threaten To
                            Disrupt the Middle East Peace
                            Process.
Jan. 22..................  Presidential Determination No.           6567
                            2008-8: Determination on the
                            Proposed Agreement for
                            Cooperation Between the United
                            States of America and the
                            Republic of Turkey Concerning
                            Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy.
Jan. 28..................  Presidential Determination No.           6571
                            2008-9: Waiver of Section 1083 of
                            the National Defense
                            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year
                            2008.
Jan. 29..................  Presidential Determination No.           6569
                            2008-10: Unexpected Urgent
                            Refugee and Migration Needs
                            Related to Africa and the Middle
                            East.
Feb. 5...................  Notice: Continuation of the              7185
                            National Emergency Blocking
                            Property of Certain Persons
                            Contributing to the Conflict in
                            Cote d'Ivoire.
Feb. 6...................  Notice: Continuation of the              7459
                            National Emergency Relating to
                            Cuba and of the Emergency
                            Authority Relating to the
                            Regulation of the Anchorage and
                            Movement of Vessels.
Feb. 11..................  Presidential Determination No.          10123
                            2008-11: Implementation of
                            Sections 603 and 604 of the
                            Foreign Relations Authorization
                            Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law
                            107-228).
Feb. 13..................  Presidential Determination No.          10125
                            2008-12: Implementation of
                            Sections 603 and 604 of the
                            Foreign Relations Authorization
                            Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law
                            107-228).
Feb. 14..................  Memorandum: Assignment of Function       9169
                            Regarding Medicare Funding.
Feb. 28..................  Presidential Determination No.          12259
                            2008-13: Waiver of Restriction on
                            Providing Funds to the
                            Palestinian Authority.
Mar. 4...................  Notice: Continuation of the             12005
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to Zimbabwe.
Mar. 7...................  Presidential Determination No.          13431
                            2008-14: Unexpected Urgent
                            Refugee and Migration Needs
                            Related to Kenya.
Mar. 11..................  Notice: Continuation of the             13727
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to Iran.
Mar. 19..................  Presidential Determination No.          17241
                            2008-15: Eligibility of Kosovo to
                            Receive Defense Articles and
                            Defense Services Under the
                            Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
                            as Amended, and the Arms Export
                            Control Act, as Amended.
Mar. 24..................  Presidential Determination No.          18147
                            2008-16: Determination To Waive
                            Military Coup-Related Provision
                            of the Department of State,
                            Foreign Operations, and Related
                            Programs Appropriations Act,
                            2008, With Respect to Pakistan.
Mar. 28..................  Presidential Determination No.          17879
                            2008-17: Determinations Under
                            Section 1106(a) of the Omnibus
                            Trade and Competitiveness Act of
                            1988--Ukraine.

[[Page 340]]

 
Mar. 28..................  Memorandum: Assignment of               19957
                            Functions Under Section 1821(c)
                            of the Implementing
                            Recommendations of the 9/11
                            Commission Act of 2007.
Apr. 10..................  Memorandum: Designation of the          20523
                            Committee on Technology of the
                            National Science and Technology
                            Council To Carry Out Certain
                            Requirements of the America
                            COMPETES Act.
Apr. 10..................  Presidential Determination No.          22265
                            2008-18: Waiver and Certification
                            of Statutory Provisions Regarding
                            the Palestine Liberation
                            Organization Office.
May 5....................  Presidential Determination No.          27719
                            2008-19: Proposed Agreement
                            Between the Government of the
                            United States of America and the
                            Government of the Russian
                            Federation for Cooperation in the
                            Field of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear
                            Energy.
May 6....................  Memorandum: Assignment of               27717
                            Reporting Function Under
                            Subsection 1225(a) of the John
                            Warner National Defense
                            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year
                            2007.
May 7....................  Notice: Continuation of the             26939
                            National Emergency Blocking
                            Property of Certain Persons and
                            Prohibiting the Export of Certain
                            Goods to Syria.
May 16...................  Notice: Continuation of the             29035
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to Burma.
May 20...................  Notice: Continuation of the             29683
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to the Stabilization of Iraq.
June 4...................  Presidential Determination No.          33289
                            2008-20: Suspension of
                            Limitations Under the Jerusalem
                            Embassy Act.
June 6...................  Notice: Continuation of the             32981
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to the Actions and Policies of
                            Certain Members of the Government
                            of Belarus and Other Persons
                            Undermining Democratic Processes
                            or Institutions in Belarus.
June 18..................  Notice: Continuation of the             35335
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to the Risk of Nuclear
                            Proliferation Created by the
                            Accumulation of Weapons-Usable
                            Fissile Material in the Territory
                            of the Russian Federation.
June 20..................  Presidential Determination No.          36403
                            2008-21: Waiving the Prohibition
                            on the Use of Economic Support
                            Funds With Respect to Various
                            Parties to the Rome Statute
                            Establishing the International
                            Criminal Court.
June 20..................  Presidential Determination No.          36405
                            2008-22: Unexpected Urgent
                            Refugee and Migration Needs
                            Related to Africa, the Middle
                            East, Asia, and the Western
                            Hemisphere.
June 24..................  Notice: Continuation of the             36255
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to the Western Balkans.
June 26..................  Memorandum: Certification of            37351
                            Rescission of North Korea's
                            Designation as a State Sponsor of
                            Terrorism.
July 16..................  Notice: Continuation of the             42255
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to the Former Liberian Regime of
                            Charles Taylor.
July 23..................  Notice: Continuation of Emergency       43603
                            Regarding Export Control
                            Regulations.
July 25..................  Presidential Determination No.          54281
                            2008-23: Emergency Fund Drawdown
                            to Assist Zimbabwean Refugees in
                            South Africa, Botswana,
                            Mozambique, and Zambia.

[[Page 341]]

 
July 30..................  Notice: Continuation of the             44895
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            To the Actions of Certain Persons
                            To Undermine the Sovereignty of
                            Lebanon Or Its Democratic
                            Processes And Institutions.
Aug. 15..................  Presidential Determination No.          54283
                            2008-24: Continuation of U.S.
                            Drug Interdiction Assistance to
                            the Government of Colombia.
Aug. 28..................  Presidential Determination No.          54285
                            2008-25: Emergency Fund Drawdown
                            to Assist Georgian Victims of
                            Conflict.
Aug. 28..................  Notice: Continuation of the             51211
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            To Certain Terrorist Attacks.
Sept. 10.................  Presidential Determination No.          54287
                            2008-26: Proposed Agreement for
                            Cooperation Between the
                            Government of the United States
                            of America and the Government of
                            India Concerning Peaceful Uses of
                            Nuclear Energy.
Sept. 12.................  Presidential Determination No.          54055
                            2008-27: Continuation of the
                            Exercise of Certain Authorities
                            Under the Trading With the Enemy
                            Act.
Sept. 15.................  Presidential Determination No.          54927
                            2008-28: Major Drug Transit or
                            Major Illicit Drug Producing
                            Countries for Fiscal Year 2009.
Sept. 18.................  Memorandum: Designation of              54487
                            Officers of the Council on
                            Environmental Quality to Act as
                            Chairman of the Council on
                            Environmental Quality.
Sept. 18.................  Notice: Continuation of the             54489
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to Persons Who Commit, Threaten
                            to Commit, or Support Terrorism.
Sept. 25.................  Memorandum: Assignment of Function      56701
                            Under Section 203(e)(2)(A) of the
                            Andean Trade Preference Act, As
                            Amended.
Sept. 30.................  Presidential Determination No.          58865
                            2008-29: Fiscal Year 2009 Refugee
                            Admissions Numbers And
                            Authorizations of In-country
                            Refugee Status Pursuant To
                            Sections 207 And 101(A)(42),
                            Respectively, of the Immigration
                            And Nationality Act, And
                            Determination Pursuant To Section
                            2(B)(2) of the Migration And
                            Refugee Assistance Act, As
                            Amended.
Oct. 3...................  Memorandum: Designation of              58869
                            Officers of the Office of the
                            Director of National Intelligence
                            to Act as Director of National
                            Intelligence.
Oct. 3...................  Presidential Determination No.          60935
                            2009-1: Unexpected Urgent
                            Humanitarian Needs Related to
                            Pakistan, Afghanistan, and
                            Georgia.
Oct. 6...................  Presidential Determination No.          60937
                            2009-2: Waiver of Restriction on
                            Providing Funds to the
                            Palestinian Authority.
Oct. 9...................  Presidential Determination No.          62847
                            2009-3: Waiver and Certification
                            of Statutory Provisions Regarding
                            the Palestine Liberation
                            Organization Office.
Oct. 15..................  Presidential Determination No.          62849
                            2009-4: Provision of U.S. Drug
                            Interdiction Assistance to the
                            Government of Brazil.
Oct. 16..................  Notice: Continuation of the             62433
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            To Certain Terrorist Attacks.
Oct. 17..................  Memorandum: Designation of              62845
                            Officers of the Social Security
                            Administration to Act as the
                            Commissioner of Social Security.

[[Page 342]]

 
Oct. 17..................  Presidential Determination No.          63839
                            2009-5: Presidential
                            Determination With Respect To
                            Foreign Governments' Efforts
                            Regarding Trafficking In Persons.
Oct. 20..................  Presidential Determination No.          63841
                            2009-6: Certifications Pursuant
                            to the United States-India
                            Nuclear Cooperation Approval and
                            Nonproliferation Enhancement Act
                            (Public Law 110-369).
Oct. 22..................  Notice: Continuation of the             63619
                            National Emergency With Respect
                            to the Situation in or in
                            Relation to the Democratic
                            Republic of the Congo.
Oct. 30..................  Notice: Continuation of the             65239
                            National Emergency with Respect
                            to the Situation in or in
                            Relation to Sudan.
Oct. 31..................  Memorandum: Assignment of               68289
                            Functions Under Section 1265 of
                            the National Defense
                            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year
                            2008 (Public Law 110-181).
Nov. 10..................  Notice: Continuation of the             67357
                            National Emergency with Respect
                            to Iran.
Nov. 10..................  Notice: Continuation of National        67097
                            Emergency with Respect to Weapons
                            of Mass Destruction.
Nov. 14..................  Presidential Determination No.          70583
                            2009-7: Proposed Agreement for
                            Cooperation Between the
                            Government of the United States
                            of America And the Government of
                            the United Arab Emirates
                            Concerning Peaceful Uses of
                            Nuclear Energy.
Nov. 25..................  Memorandum: Provision of Marine         72685
                            War Risk Insurance Coverage.
Dec. 4...................  Presidential Determination No.          76503
                            2009-8: Suspension of Limitations
                            Under the Jerusalem Embassy Act.
Dec. 9...................  Memorandum: Designation of              75533
                            Officers of the Pension Benefit
                            Guaranty Corporation To Act As
                            Director of the Pension Benefit
                            Guaranty Corporation.
Dec. 9...................  Memorandum: Designation of              75535
                            Officers of the United States
                            Agency for International
                            Development To Act As
                            Administrator.
Dec. 18..................  Presidential Determination No.          80293
                            2009-9: Unexpected Urgent
                            Humanitarian Needs Related to the
                            Democratic Republic of Congo,
                            Rwanda, and Uganda.
Dec. 23..................  Memorandum: Provision of Aviation       79589
                            Insurance Coverage for Commercial
                            Air Carrier Service in Domestic
                            and International Operations.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 343]]

                         Title 3--The President


          Table 4--PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS AFFECTED DURING 2008


________________________________________________________________________


Editorial note: The following abbreviations are used in this table:

EO        Executive Order

FR        Federal Register

PLO       Public Land Order (43 CFR, Appendix to Chapter II)

Proc.     Proclamation

Pub. L.   Public Law

Stat.     U.S. Statutes at Large

WCPD      Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents


________________________________________________________________________


                              Proclamations

                             Date or Number

                                         Comment

2914.............See Proc. 8271.........................................
6641.............See Proc. 8323.........................................
6867.............See Notice of Feb. 6, p. 274...........................
7011.............See Proc. 8323.........................................
7463.............See Notice of Aug. 28, p. 293..........................
7746.............See Procs. 8228, 8334..................................
7747.............See Proc. 8228.........................................
7757.............See Notice of Feb. 6, p. 274...........................
7826.............See Proc. 8334.........................................
7857.............See Proc. 8334.........................................
7912.............See Proc. 8272.........................................
7987.............See Proc. 8228.........................................
8095.............See Proc. 8331.........................................
8097.............See Procs. 8228, 8240..................................
8114.............See Procs. 8240, 8323..................................
8157.............See Procs. 8323, 8330..................................
8213.............See Procs. 8272, 8323..................................
8214.............See Proc. 8228.........................................
8240.............See Procs. 8272, 8323..................................
8272.............See Proc. 8296.........................................
                            Executive Orders

                             Date or Number

                                         Comment

9397.............Amended by EO 13478....................................

[[Page 344]]

9981.............See Proc. 8275.........................................
10450............See EO 13467...........................................
10577............See EO 13467...........................................
10865............See EO 13467...........................................
11030............See EO 13472...........................................
11582............See EO 13482...........................................
11651............See Procs. 8228, 8332..................................
11858............Amended by EO 13456....................................
12036............See EO 13470...........................................
12139............Amended by EO 13475....................................
12170............See Notices of Mar. 11, p. 278; Nov. 10, p. 312........
12171............Amended by EOs 13467, 13480............................
12302............See Proc. 8240.........................................
12333............Amended by EO 13470; See EOs 13462, 13467..............
12473............See EO 13468...........................................
12829............See EO 13467...........................................
12863............Revoked by EO 13462....................................
12919............Revoked in part by EO 13456............................
12938............See Notice of Nov. 10, p. 313..........................
12947............See Notice of Jan. 18, p. 267..........................
12949............Amended by EO 13475....................................
12957............See Notice of Mar. 11, p. 278..........................
12958............See EOs 13462, 13467, 13470............................
12959............See Notice of Mar. 11, p. 278..........................
12962............See Proc. 8295; Amended by EO 13474....................
12968............Amended by EO 13467; See EOs 13462, 13467..............
12978............See Notice of Oct. 16, p. 307..........................
12989............Amended by EO 13465....................................
13047............See EO 13464; Notice of May 16, p. 284.................
13059............See Notice of Mar. 11, p. 278..........................
13067............See Notice of Oct. 30, p. 311..........................
13094............See Notice of Nov. 10, p. 313..........................
13099............See Notice of Jan. 18, p. 267..........................
13159............See Notice of June 18, p. 287..........................
13176............Superseded by EO 13476.................................
13219............See Notice of June 24, p. 289..........................
13222............Continued by Memorandum of June 26, p. 289; See Notice 
                  of July 23, p. 291
13224............See Notice of Sept. 18, p. 301.........................
13250............Revoked by EO 13461....................................
13285............Amended by EO 13471....................................
13288............See EO 13469; Notice of Mar. 4, p. 277.................
13303............See Notice of May 20, p. 285...........................
13304............See Notice of June 24, p. 289..........................

[[Page 345]]

13310............See EO 13464; Notice of May 16, p. 284.................
13315............See Notice of May 20, p. 285...........................
13338............Amended by EO 13460; See Notice of May 7, p. 283.......
13341............See Notice of July 30, p. 292..........................
13348............See Notice of July 16, p. 290..........................
13350............See Notice of May 20, p. 285...........................
13354............See EO 13470...........................................
13355............See EO 13470...........................................
13364............See Notice of May 20, p. 285...........................
13381............Revoked by EO 13467; See EO 13467......................
13382............See Notice of Nov. 10, p. 313..........................
13389............Amended by EO 13463....................................
13390............Amended by EO 13463....................................
13391............See EO 13469; Notice of Mar. 4, p. 277.................
13396............See Notice of Feb. 5, p. 273...........................
13399............See EO 13460; Notice of May 7, p. 283..................
13400............See Notice of Oct. 30, p. 311..........................
13405............See Notice of June 6, p. 286...........................
13412............See Notice of Oct. 30, p. 311..........................
13413............See Notice of Oct. 22, p. 311..........................
13419............See EO 13479...........................................
13420............Superseded by EO 13454.................................
13438............See Notice of May 20, p. 285...........................
13448............See EO 13464; Notice of May 16, p. 284.................
13454............Superseded by EO 13483.................................
13460............See Notice of May 7, p. 283............................
13462............See EO 13470...........................................
13464............See Notice of May 16, p. 284...........................
13467............See EO 13476...........................................
13474............See Proc. 8295.........................................
                      Other Presidential Documents

                             Date or Number

                                         Comment

Memorandum of MarSee EO 13461...........................................
Memorandum of JulSuperseded by Memorandum of Dec. 9, p. 316.............
Memorandum of DecSuperseded by Memorandum of Oct. 3, p. 304.............
Memorandum of DecSuperseded by EO 13481.................................
Presidential DeteRescinded by Proc. 8271; See Presidential Determination 
                  No. 08-27, p. 296

[[Page 347]]

                         Title 3--The President


     Table 5--STATUTES CITED AS AUTHORITY FOR PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS


________________________________________________________________________


Editorial note: Statutes which were cited as authority for the issuance 
of Presidential documents contained in this volume are listed under one 
of these headings. For authority cites for hortatory proclamations, see 
the text of each proclamation:

    United States Code
    United States Statutes at Large
    Public Laws
    Short Title of Act

Citations have been set forth in the style in which they appear in the 
documents. Since the form of citations varies from document to document, 
users of this table should search under all headings for pertinent 
references.


________________________________________________________________________


                           United States Code
 
      U.S. Code Citation                 Presidential Document
 
3 U.S.C. 301.................  Procs. 8228, 8272, 8294, 8296, 8323,
                                8332, 8334; EOs 13456, 13458, 13460,
                                13464, 13465, 13466, 13469; Presidential
                                Determination Nos. 08-9, p. 268; 08-10,
                                p. 273; 08-14, p. 278; 08-22, p. 288; 08-
                                23, p. 291; 08-25, p. 294; 09-1, p. 305;
                                09-9, p. 318; Memorandums of Mar. 28, p.
                                281; Feb. 14, p. 276; May 6, p. 283;
                                June 26, p. 289; Sept. 25, p. 302; Oct.
                                31, p. 312; Nov. 25, p. 314
5 U.S.C. 3301 and 3302.......  EO 13473
5 U.S.C. 3345et seq..........  EOs 13461, 13481; Memorandums of Sept.
                                18, p. 301; Oct. 3, p. 304; Oct. 17, p.
                                308; Dec. 9, p. 315; Dec. 9, p. 316
5 U.S.C. 7103(b)(1)..........  EO 13480
5 U.S.C. 7301................  EO 13476
8 U.S.C. 1157................  Presidential Determination No. 08-29, p.
                                302
10 U.S.C. 801-946............  EO 13468
16 U.S.C. 431................  Proc. 8327
19 U.S.C. 2461-67, 2483......  Procs. 8240, 8330
19 U.S.C. 2905(a)............  Presidential Determination No. 08-17, p.
                                280
19 U.S.C. 3703...............  Proc. 8330
22 U.S.C. 2601 and 2603......  Presidential Determination Nos. 08-10, p.
                                273; 08-14, p. 278; 08-22, p. 288; 08-
                                23, p. 291; 08-25, p. 294; 09-1, p. 305;
                                09-9, p. 318
22 U.S.C. 2291-4.............  Presidential Determination Nos. 08-24, p.
                                293; 09-4, p. 307
31 U.S.C. 1105(h)(1).........  Memorandum of Feb. 14, p. 276

[[Page 348]]

 
36 U.S.C. 109................  Proc. 8270
36 U.S.C. 131................  Proc. 8256
36 U.S.C. 143................  Proc. 8329
40 U.S.C. 121(a).............  EO 13465
42 U.S.C. 2153(b)............  Presidential Determination Nos. 08-19, p.
                                282; 08-26, p. 294; 09-7, p. 314
42 U.S.C. 5121-5206..........  EO 13463
46 U.S.C. 539................  Memorandum of Nov. 25, p. 314
49 U.S.C. 44302et seq........  Memorandum of Dec. 23, p. 318
50 U.S.C. 1601et seq.........  EOs 13460, 13464, 13466, 13469
50 U.S.C. 1622(d)............  Notices of Jan. 18, p. 267; Feb. 5, p.
                                273; Feb. 6, p. 274; Mar. 4, p 277; Mar.
                                11, p. 278; May 7, p. 283; May 16, p.
                                284; May 20, p. 285; June 6, p. 286;
                                June 18, p. 287; June 24, p. 289; July
                                16, p. 290; July 23, p. 291; July 30, p.
                                292; Aug. 28, p. 293; Sept. 18, p. 301;
                                Oct. 16, p. 307; Oct. 22, p. 311; Oct.
                                30, p. 311; Nov. 10, p. 312; Nov. 10, p.
                                313
50 U.S.C. 1701et seq.........  EOs 13460, 13464, 13466, 13469
50 U.S.C. 1701 note..........  EO 13464
50 U.S.C. 1801et seq.........  EO 13475
50 U.S.C. App. 5(b) note.....  Proc. 8271
50 U.S.C. App. 2170..........  EO 13456
50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j).......  Memorandum of June 26, p. 289
 


                     United States Statutes at Large
 
            Title
 
34 Stat. 225.................  Proc. 8327
73 Stat. 212.................  Proc. 8274
91 Stat. 1625................  Proc. 8271
 


                               Public Laws
 
          Law Number                     Presidential Document
 
95-223.......................  Presidential Determination No. 08-27, p.
                                296
103-362......................  Proc. 8277
104-45.......................  Presidential Determination Nos. 08-20, p.
                                286; 09-8, p. 315
106-386......................  Presidential Determination No. 09-5, p.
                                309
107-57.......................  Presidential Determination No. 08-16, p.
                                279
107-228......................  Presidential Determination Nos. 08-11, p.
                                275; 08-12, p. 275; 08-28, p. 297
108-458......................  EOs 13470, 13476
109-102......................  Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p.
                                288
109-401......................  EO 13458; Presidential Determination No.
                                08-26, p. 294
110-5........................  Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p.
                                288
110-69.......................  Memorandum of Apr. 10, p. 281
110-161......................  Presidential Determination Nos. 08-13, p.
                                276; 08-18, p. 282; 09-2, p. 306; 09-3,
                                p. 306
110-252......................  Presidential Determination No. 09-2, p.
                                306
110-261......................  EO 13475
110-329......................  Presidential Determination No. 09-3, p.
                                306
 


[[Page 349]]


                           Short Title of Act
 
              Title                        Presidential Document
 
African Growth and Opportunity    Procs. 8240, 8272, 8323
 Act.
Andean Trade Preference Act.....  Proc. 8323; Memorandum of Sept. 25, p.
                                   302
Arms Export Control Act.........  Presidential Determination No. 08-15,
                                   p. 279
Burmese Freedom and Democracy     Proc. 8294
 Act.
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961..  Presidential Determination No. 08-15,
                                   p. 279
Dominican Republic-Central        Procs. 8228, 8272, 8323, 8331
 America-United States Free
 Trade Agreement Implementation
 Act.
Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity   Proc. 8296
 through Partnership
 Encouragement Act of 2008.
Junta's Anti-Democratic Efforts   Proc. 8294
 Act of 2008.
Migration and Refugee Assistance  Presidential Determination No. 08-22,
 Act of 1962.                      p. 288
National Defense Authorization    Presidential Determination No. 08-9,
 Act for Fiscal Year 2008.         p. 268
North American Free Trade         Proc. 8323
 Agreement Implementation Act.
Omnibus Trade and                 Proc. 8228
 Competitiveness Act of 1988.
Trade Act of 1974...............  Procs. 8228, 8272, 8294, 8323, 8331,
                                   8332, 8334
United States-Australia Free      Proc. 8334
 Trade Agreement Implementation
 Act.
United States-Chile Free Trade    Proc. 8334
 Agreement Implementation Act.
United States-India Nuclear       Presidential Determination No. 09-6,
 Cooperation Approval and          p. 310
 Nonproliferation Enhancement
 Act.
United States-Israel Free Trade   Proc. 8334
 Area Implementation Act of 1985.
United States-Oman Free Trade     Proc. 8332
 Agreement Implementation Act.
North American Free Trade         Proc. 8323
 Agreement Implementation Act.
 


[[Page 351]]

                      LIST OF CFR SECTIONS AFFECTED


________________________________________________________________________


Editorial note: All changes in this volume of the Code of Federal 
Regulations which were made by documents published in the Federal 
Register since January 1, 2001, are enumerated in the following list. 
Entries indicate the nature of the changes effected. Page numbers refer 
to Federal Register pages. The user should consult the entries for 
chapters and parts as well as sections for revisions.
  For the period before January 1, 2001, see the ``List of CFR Sections 
Affected, 1949-1963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, and 1986-2000,'' published in 
11 separate volumes.
  Presidential documents affected during 2008 are set forth in Table 4 
on page 343.


________________________________________________________________________


                                2001-2008
3 CFR

                         (No regulations issued)
INDEX



[[Page 353]]

A

A Day of Solidarity With the Cuban People (Proc. 8258)
Adoption Month, National (Proc. 8315)
Afghanistan
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 9-1, p. 
305)
Africa
    See also specific country
    Beneficiary developing countries, modification of Harmonized Tariff 
Schedule (Proc. 8272)
    Refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-10, 
p. 273; 08-22, p. 288)
African American History Month, National (Proc. 8218)
African Growth and Opportunity Act, beneficiary sub-Saharan countries (Proc. 
8240)
Air carrier service, U.S.-flag commercial; continuation of aviation 
insurance (Memorandum of Dec. 23, p. 318)
Air transportation system, National (EO 13479)
Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month, National (Proc. 8283)
Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, National (Proc. 8312)
America COMPETES Act; designation of Committee on Technology of National 
Science and Technology Council to carry out requirements (Memorandum of Apr. 
10, p. 281)
America Recycles Day (Proc. 8319)
American Heart Month (Proc. 8220)
American Indian Heritage Month, National (Proc. 8313)
American Red Cross Month (Proc. 8221)
Americans with Disabilities Act, Anniversary (Proc. 8276)
Armed Forces
    60th Anniversary of the Integration of the United States Armed Forces 
(Proc. 8275)
    Caribbean-American Heritage Month (Proc. 8262)
    Jewish American Heritage Month (Proc. 8248)
    Loyalty Day (Proc. 8245)
    Military Spouse Day (Proc. 8252)
    National American Indian Heritage Month (Proc. 8313)
    National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week 
(Proc. 8254)
    National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week (Proc. 8288)
    National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day (Proc. 8234)
    National Hispanic Heritage Month (Proc. 8287)
    National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (Proc. 8326)
    National POW/MIA Recognition Day (Proc. 8290)
    Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day (Proc. 8260)
    Spouses of certain members; noncompetitive appointments in Civil Service 
(EO 13473)
    Uniform Code of Military Justice, Manual for Courts-Martial; amendments 
(EO 13468)
    Veterans Day (Proc. 8317)
    Women's History Month (Proc. 8225)
Asia; refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-
22, p. 288)
Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (Proc. 8247)


B

Bahamas; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-
28, p. 297)

[[Page 354]]

Balkans, Western; extremist violence in Macedonia and Bosnia, continuation 
of national emergency (Notice of June 24, p. 289)
Belarus; blocking property of certain persons, continuation of national 
emergency (Notice of June 6, p. 286)
Black Music Month (Proc. 8264)
Boards, commissions, committees, etc.
    See under Government organization and employees
Bolivia
    Designation and suspension of beneficiary country (Memorandum of Sept. 
25, p. 302)
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Bosnia; obstruction implementing Dayton Accords, continuation of U.S. 
national emergency (Notice of June 24, p. 289)
Brazil
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    U.S. drug interdiction assistance to (Presidential Determination No. 09-
4, p. 307)
Breast Cancer Awareness Month, National (Proc. 8297)
Burma
    Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003, implementing amendments 
(Proc. 8294)
    Democracy, blocking property of persons who repress (EO 13464)
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Investments prohibition by U.S. persons, continuation of national 
emergency (Notice of May 16, p. 284)
    Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, compliance requirments 
(Presidential Determination No. 09-5, p. 309)


C

Cancer Control Month (Proc. 8229)
Captive Nations Week (Proc. 8274)
Caribbean-American Heritage Month (Proc. 8262)
Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act, modification (Proc. 8296)
Character Counts Week, National (Proc. 8308)
Charter Schools Week, National (Proc. 8251)
Child Abuse Prevention Month, National (Proc. 8230)
Child Health Day (Proc. 8300)
Child's Day, National (Proc. 8267)
Colombia
    Drug interdiction assistance, U.S.; continuation (Presidential 
Determination No. 08-24, p. 293)
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Narcotics trafficking; national emergency, continuation (Notice of Oct. 
16, p. 307)
Columbus Day (Proc. 8305)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
    Blocking property of persons contributing to conflict, continuation of 
national emergency (Notice of Oct. 22, p. 311)
    Refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 09-9, 
p. 318)
Constitution Day and Citizenship Day, Constitution Week (Proc. 8289)
Consumer Protection Week, National (Proc. 8224)
Costa Rica
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Courts-Martial, Manual for, Uniform Code of Military Justice; amendments (EO 
13468)
Crime Victims' Rights Week, National (Proc. 8237)
Cuba
    Destruction of U.S. aircraft and anchorage and movement of vessels, 
continuation of national emergency (Notice of Feb. 6, p. 274)
    Trading With the Enemy Act, continuation of certain authorities 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-27, p. 296)
Cyprus
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
    Cote d'Ivoire; conflict, blocking property of persons contributing to 
(Notice of Feb. 5, p. 273)

[[Page 355]]

D

D.A.R.E. Day, National (Proc. 8235)
Day of Prayer, National (Proc. 8242)
Days of Prayers and Remembrance, National (Proc. 8284)
Defense, national
    Air transportation system, transformation of (EO 13479)
    Belarus; blocking property of certain persons, continuation of national 
emergency (Notice of June 6, p. 286)
    Burma
Blocking property of persons who repress democracy (EO 13464)
Investments prohibition by U.S. persons, continuation of national emergency 
(Notice of May 16, p. 284)
    Classified national security information, determining eligibility for 
access to (EO 13467)
    Colombia, narcotics trafficking; national emergency, continuation 
(Notice of Oct. 16, p. 307)
    Congo, blocking property of persons contributing to conflict; 
continuation of national emergency (Notice of Oct. 22, p. 311)
    Cuba; destruction of U.S. aircraft, and regulation of the anchorage and 
movement of vessels; continuation of national emergency (Notice of Feb. 6, 
p. 274)
    Cote d'Ivoire; conflict, blocking property of persons contributing to 
(Notice of Feb. 5, p. 273)
    Extremist violence in Macedonia and obstruction implementing Dayton 
Accords in Bosnia, continuation of U.S. national emergency (Notice of June 
24, p. 289)
    Intelligence activities, U.S.; further amendments to Executive Order 
12333 (EO 13470)
    Iran, continuation of national emergency with respect to (Notices of 
Mar. 11, p. 278; Nov. 10, p. 312)
    Iraq
Development fund, continuation of national emergency protecting (Notice of 
May 20, p. 285)
    Iraq, development fund for, Central Bank of, and U.S. commerical 
interests, waiver of provisions (Presidential Determination No. 08-9, p. 
268)
    Jerusalem Embassy Act, suspension of limitations under (Presidential 
Determination Nos. 08-20, p. 286; 09-8, p. 315)
    Kosovo; eligibility to receive U.S. defense articles and services 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-15, p. 279)
    Lebanese sovereignty, blocking propert of persons who undermine; 
continuation of national emergency (Notice of July 30, p. 292)
    Middle East peace process, terrorists who threaten to disrupt; 
continuation of national emergency (Notice of Jan. 18, p. 267)
    National Defense Authorization Act; assignment of functions to Secretary 
of State (Memorandum of Oct. 31, p. 312)
    National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week 
(Proc. 8254)
    National Preparedness Month (Proc. 8282)
    Nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement for cooperation 
between U.S. and India (Presidential Determination No. 08-26, p. 294)
    Palestine Liberation Organization Office, waiver and certification of 
statutory provisions (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-18, p. 282; 09-3, 
p. 306)
    Palestinian Authority and PLO; imposition and waiver of sanctions 
(Presidential Determination Nos. 08-11, p. 275; 08-12, p. 275)
    Palestinian Authority, waiver of restriction on providing funds 
(Presidential Determination Nos. 08-13, p. 276; 09-2, p. 306)
    Russia; weapons-usable fissile material, continuation of national 
emergency (Notice of June 18, p. 287)
    Sudan; blocking property of persons contributing to conflict, 
continuation of national emergency (Notice of Oct. 30, p. 311)
    Syria; continuation of national emergency (Notice of May 7, p. 283)
    Terrorism, continuation of national emergency with respect to people who 
commit, threaten to commit, or support (Notice of Sept. 18, p. 301)
    Terrorist attacks, continuation of U.S. national emergency with respect 
to (Notice of Aug. 28, p. 293)

[[Page 356]]

    Trading With the Enemy Act, continuation of certain authorities 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-27, p. 296)
    Weapons of mass destruction, combating proliferation; continuation of 
national emergency (Notice of Nov. 10, p. 313)
    Zimbabwe, continuation of national emergency (EO 13469; Notice of Mar. 
4, p. 277)
Defense Transportation Day, National, and National Transportation Week 
(Proc. 8254)
Diabetes Month, National (Proc. 8314)
Disability Employment Awareness Month, National (Proc. 8298)
Domestic Violence Awareness Month, National (Proc. 8299)
Dominican Republic; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential 
Determination No. 08-28, p. 297)
Donate Life Month, National (Proc. 8231)
Drugs and narcotics
    Brazil, U.S. drug interdiction assistance to (Presidential Determination 
No. 09-4, p. 307)
    Colombia
Narcotics trafficking, continuation of national emergency (Notice of Oct. 
16, p. 307)
U.S. drug interdiction assistance, continuation (Presidential Determination 
No. 08-24, p. 293)
    Illicit; major drug transit or producing countries (Presidential 
Determination No. 08-28, p. 297)
Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month, National (Proc. 8324)


E

Ecuador
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A. (Proc. 8238)
Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week, National (Proc. 8288)
Environmental Quality, Council on; designation of officers to act as 
Chairman (Memorandum of Sept. 18, p. 300)
Exports and imports
    Burma; investments prohibitation by U.S. persons; continuation of 
national emergency (Notice of May 16, p. 284)
    Regulations controlling exports, continuation of national emergency 
(Notice of July 23, p. 291)
    Ukraine; Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988; determinations 
under (Presidential Determination No. 08-17, p. 280)


F

Fair Housing Month, National (Proc. 8232)
Family Caregivers Month, National (Proc. 8311)
Family Day (Proc. 8292)
Family Week, National (Proc. 8321)
Farm-City Week, National (Proc. 8320)
Farm Safety and Health Week, National (Proc. 8291)
Father's Day (Proc. 8270)
FBI Day (Proc. 8273)
Federal departments and agencies
    See Government organizations and employees
Fire Prevention Week (Proc. 8302)
Flag Day and National Flag Week (Proc. 8269)
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008; 
amendments to Executive Orders 12139 and 12949 (EO 13475)
Foreign Investment in the U.S.; amendment to Executive Order 11858 (EO 
13456)
Foreign relations
    Brazil, U.S. drug interdiction assistance to (Presidential Determination 
No. 09-4, p. 307)
    Colombia, U.S. drug interdiction assistance to; continuation 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-24, p. 293)
    Congo, Democratic Republic of, Rwanda, and Uganda; unexpected urgent 
humanitarian needs related to (Presidential Determination No. 09-9, p. 318)
    Georgia conflict victims; emergency fund drawdown to support assistance 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-25, p. 294)
    India

[[Page 357]]

Nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement for cooperation between 
U.S. and India (Presidential Determination No. 08-26, p. 294)
U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement 
Act; certifications (Presidential Determination No. 09-6, p. 310)
    Kenya; unexpected urgent refugee and migration needs (Presidential 
Determination No. 08-14, p. 278)
    Korea, North; certification of rescission of designation as state 
sponsor of terrorism (Memorandum of June 26, p. 289)
    Kosovo; eligibility to receive U.S. defense articles and services 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-15, p. 279)
    Libya; settlement of claims against (EO 13477)
    Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Georgia; unexpected urgent humanitatian needs 
related to (Presidential Determination No. 09-1, p. 305)
    Pakistan; transition to democratic rule; facilitation (Presidential 
Determination No. 08-16, p. 279)
    Palestine Liberation Organization Office, waiver and certification of 
statutory provisions (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-18, p. 282; 09-3, 
p. 306)
    Palestinian Authority; waiver of restrictions on providing funds 
(Presidential Determination Nos. 08-13, p. 276; 09-2, p. 306)
    Refugee and migration assistance to Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and 
the Western Hemisphere (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-10, p. 273; 08-
22, p. 288)
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibition on U.S. 
assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
    Russia; nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement for 
cooperation between U.S. and Russia (Presidential Determination No. 08-19, 
p. 282)
    Turkey; nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement for 
cooperation between U.S. and Turkey (Presidential Determination No. 08-8, p. 
268)
    United Arab Emirates; nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed 
agreement for cooperation between U.S. and United Arab Emirates 
(Presidential Determination No. 09-7, p. 314)
    Zimbabwean Refugees in South Africa, Botswana, Mozambique, and Zambia; 
emergency fund drawdown to assist (Presidential Determination No. 08-23, p. 
291)
Forest Products Week, National (Proc. 8309)
Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day, National (Proc. 8234)


G

General Pulaski Memorial Day (Proc. 8306)
Georgia
    Conflict victims, emergency fund drawdown to support assistance to 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-25, p. 294)
    Refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 09-1, 
p. 305)
German-American Day (Proc. 8301)
Gold Star Mother's Day (Proc. 8293)
Government organization and employees
    Advisory Council on Financial Literacy; establishment (EO 13455)
    Armed Forces, spouses of members; noncompetitive appoinments in Civil 
Service (EO 13473)
    Closing the Federal Government on December 26, 2008 (EO 13482)
    Environmental Quality, Council on; designation of officers to act as 
Chairman (Memorandum of Sept. 18, p. 300)
    Executive branch responsibilities, orders of succession (EO 13472)
    Health and Human Services Department, order of succession (EO 13461)
    International Development Agency, U.S.; designation of officers to act 
as Administrator (Memorandum of Dec. 9, p. 316)
    Justice Department, order of successsion (EO 13481)
    Labor-Management Relations Program, Federal; exclusions from (EO 13480)
    National air transportation system, transformation of (EO 13479)

[[Page 358]]

    National Intelligence, Office of the Director of; designation of 
officers to act as Director (Memorandum of Oct. 3, p. 304)
    Palestine Liberation Organization Office, waiver and certification of 
statutory provisions (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-18, p. 282; 09-3, 
p. 306)
    Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation; designation of officers to act as 
Director (Memorandum of Dec. 9, p. 315)
    President's Council on Service and Civic Participation; amendments to 
Executive Order 13285 (EO 13471)
    President's Intelligence Advisory Board and Intelligence Oversight Board 
(EO 13462)
    Presidential transition, facilitation of; establishment of Presidential 
Transition Coordinating Council (EO 13476)
    Rates of pay; adjustments (EOs 13454, 13483)
    Science and Technology Council, National; designation of committee on 
technology of (Memorandum of Apr. 10, p. 281)
    Secretary of Health and Human Services from the President (Memorandum of 
Feb. 14, p. 276)
    Secretary of State from the President (Memorandums of Mar. 28, p. 281; 
May 6, p. 283; Oct. 31, p. 312)
    Social Security Administration, designation of officers (Memorandum of 
Oct. 17, p. 308)
    Social Security numbers, Federal agency use of; amendments to Executive 
Order 9397 (EO 13478)
    Wasteful earmarks; efforts to protect taxpayers from Government spending 
(EO 13457)
    Youth Programs, Interagency Working Group; establishment (EO 13459)
Great Outdoors Month (Proc. 8265)
Greek Independence Day: A National Day of Celebration of Greek and American 
Democracy (Proc. 8227)
Guatemala; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 
08-28, p. 297)


H

Haiti; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-
28, p. 297)
Health and Human Services, Department of; Secretary, assignment of 
Presidential functions (Memorandum of Feb. 14, p. 276)
Health care; Medicare funding, assignment of Presidential functions 
regarding (Memorandum of Feb. 14, p. 276)
Hispanic Heritage Month (Proc. 8287)
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Week, National (Proc. 8285)
Homeownership Month, National (Proc. 8263)
Hospice Month, National (Proc. 8316)
Human Rights Day, Bill of Rights Day, and Human Rights Week (Proc. 8328)
Hunting and Fishing Day, National (Proc. 8295)
Hurricane Preparedness Week, National (Proc. 8261)


I

Immigration and naturalization
    Admission of refugees to U.S., in-country refugee status under Amerasian 
immigrant admissions program (Presidential Determination No. 08-29, p. 302)
India
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement for cooperation 
between U.S. and India (Presidential Determination No. 08-26, p. 294)
    U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement 
Act; certifications (Presidential Determination No. 09-6, p. 310)
Intelligence activities, U.S.; amendments (EO 13470)
Intelligence Advisory Board, President's; establishment (EO 13462)
Intelligence, National Office of the Director of; designation of officers to 
act as Director (Memorandum of Oct. 3, p. 304)
Intelligence Oversight Board; establishment (EO 13462)
Interagency Working Group on Youth Programs; establishment (EO 13459)

[[Page 359]]

International Atomic Energy Agency-U.S. Agreement for the Application of 
Safeguards in the U.S., implementation of additional protocol (EO 13458)
International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitations on U.S. assistance to 
parties to the Rome Statute (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Iran
    Emergency, national; continuation (Notices of Mar. 11, p. 278; Nov. 10, 
p. 312)
Iraq
    Development fund, continuation of national emergency protecting (Notice 
of May 20, p. 285)
    Development fund for, Central Bank of, and U.S. commerical interests; 
waiver of provisions (Presidential Determination No. 08-9, p. 268)
Irish-American Heritage Month (Proc. 8223)
Italian Independence Day (Proc. 8266)


J

Jamaica; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-
28, p. 297)
Jerusalem, suspension of limitations under Jerusalem Embassy Act regarding 
U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-20, p. 286; 
09-8, p. 315)
Jewish American Heritage Month (Proc. 8248)
Justice Department, providing order of succession within (EO 13481)


K

Kenya
    Refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-14, 
p. 278)
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Korea
    North Korea; continuation of certain restrictions (EO 13466)
    Rescission, certification of; North Korea as state sponsor of terrorism 
(Memorandum of June 26, p. 289)
    Trading With the Enemy Act, termination of exercise of authorities 
(Proc. 8271)
    Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, compliance requirments 
(Presidential Determination No. 09-5, p. 309)
Kosovo; defense articles and services, U.S.; eligibility to receive 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-15, p. 279)


L

Labor-Management Relations Program, Federal; exclusions (EO 13480)
Laos; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
Law Day, U.S.A. (Proc. 8250)
Lebanon; sovereighnty, blocking property of persons who undermine (Notice of 
July 30, p. 292)
Leif Erikson Day (Proc. 8303)
Liberia
    Charles Taylor regime, blocking property of persons associated with; 
continuation of national emergency (Notice of July 16, p. 290)
Libyan Claims Resolution Act; settlement of claims against Libya (EO 13477)
Loyalty Day (Proc. 8245)


M

Macedonia, Republic of; extremist violence in, continuation of U.S. national 
emergency (Notice of June 24, p. 289)
Malaria Awareness Day (Proc. 8246)
Mali
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Marine war risk insurance, provision of; coverage for vessels against loss 
or damage (Memorandum of Nov. 25, p. 314)
Maritime Day, National (Proc. 8259)
Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday (Proc. 8216)
Mentoring Month, National (Proc. 8333)
Mexico
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Middle East

[[Page 360]]

Middle East
    Peace process, terrorists who threaten to disrupt; continuation of 
national emergency (Notice of Jan. 18, p. 267)
    Refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-10, 
p. 273; 08-22, p. 288)
Military Spouse Day (Proc. 8252)
Minority Enterprise Development Week (Proc. 8280)
Mother's Day (Proc. 8253)


N

Namibia
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
National emergencies declared, continued, terminated, etc.
    Cuba; destruction of U.S. aircraft and regulation of the anchorage and 
movement of vessels (Notice of Feb. 6, p. 274)
    Cote d'Ivoire; conflict, blocking property of persons contributing to 
(Notice of Feb. 5, p. 273)
    Middle East peace process, terrorists who threaten to disrupt; 
continuation (Notice of Jan. 18, p. 267)
Niger
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Nigeria; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-
28, p. 297)
9/11 Commission Act of 2007; assignment of functions to Secretary of State 
(Memorandum of Mar. 28, p. 281)


O

Oceans Month, National (Proc. 8268)
Older Americans Month (Proc. 8243)
Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988; determinations under section 
1106(a) with respect to Ukraine (Presidential Determination No. 08-17, p. 
280)
Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month, National (Proc. 8281)


P

Pakistan
    Democratic rule, transition to; facilitation (Presidential Determination 
No. 08-16, p. 279)
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 09-1, 
p. 305)
Palestine Liberation Organization Office, waiver and certification of 
statutory provisions (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-18, p. 282; 09-3, 
p. 306)
Palestinian Authority and PLO; imposition and waiver of sanctions 
(Presidential Determination Nos. 08-11, p. 275; 08-12, p. 275)
Palestinian Authority; waiver of restrictions on providing funds 
(Presidential Determination Nos. 08-13, p. 276; 09-2, p. 306)
Pan American Day and Pan American Week (Proc. 8236)
Paraguay
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Parents' Day (Proc. 8277)
Park Week, National (Proc. 8239)
Patriot Day (Proc. 8286)
Peace Officers' Memorial Day and Police Week (Proc. 8255)
Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, National (Proc. 8326)
Peru
    Illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 08-28, 
p. 297)
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Physical Fitness and Sports Month, National (Proc. 8249)
Poison Prevention Week, National (Proc. 8226)
POW/MIA Recognition Day, National (Proc. 8290)
Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day (Proc. 8260)
Preparedness Month, National (Proc. 8282)
Presidential documents

[[Page 361]]

Presidential documents
    Executive Order 12139; amendments (EO 13475)
    Executive Order 12333; amendments (EO 13470)
    Executive Order 12949; amendments (EO 13475)
    Executive Order 12962; amendments (EO 13474)
    Executive Order 12989; amendment (EO 13465)
    Executive Order 13285; amendments (EO 13471)
    Executive Order 13389; amendment (EO 13463)
    Executive Order 13390; amendment (EO 13463)
    Executive Order 9397; amendments (EO 13478)
Presidential Transition Coordinating Council; establishment for facilitation 
of Presidential transition (EO 13476)
Procurement, Government; amending Executive Order 12989 (EO 13465)
Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, National (Proc. 8279)


R

Religious Freedom Day (Proc. 8215)
Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on U.S. 
assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Russia
    Nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement for cooperation 
between U.S. and Russia (Presidential Determination No. 08-19, p. 282)
    Weapons-usable fissile material, continuation of national emergency 
(Notice of June 18, p. 287)
Rwanda; refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 09-
9, p. 318)


S

Safe Boating Week, National (Proc. 8256)
Samoa
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Sanctity of Human Life Day, National (Proc. 8217)
Save Your Vision Week (Proc. 8222)
School Lunch Week, National (Proc. 8304)
Science and Technology Council, National; designation of committee on 
technology (Memorandum of Apr. 10, p. 281)
Service and Civic Participation, President's Council on; amendments (EO 
13471)
Small Business Week (Proc. 8241)
Social Security Administration; designation of officers to act as 
Commissioner (Memorandum of Oct. 17, p. 308)
Social Security numbers; amendments to Executive Order 9397 relating to 
Federal agency use of (EO 13478)
South Africa
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Special observances
    60th Anniversary of the Integration of the United States Armed Forces 
(Proc. 8275)
    A Day of Solidarity With the Cuban People (Proc. 8258)
    America Recycles Day (Proc. 8319)
    American Heart Month (Proc. 8220)
    American Red Cross Month (Proc. 8221)
    Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act (Proc. 8276)
    Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (Proc. 8247)
    Black Music Month (Proc. 8264)
    Cancer Control Month (Proc. 8229)
    Captive Nations Week (Proc. 8274)
    Caribbean-American Heritage Month (Proc. 8262)
    Child Health Day (Proc. 8300)
    Columbus Day (Proc. 8305)
    Constitution Day and Citizenship Day, Constitution Week (Proc. 8289)
    Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A. (Proc. 8238)
    Family Day (Proc. 8292)
    Father's Day (Proc. 8270)
    FBI Day (Proc. 8273)
    Fire Prevention Week (Proc. 8302)
    Flag Day and National Flag Week (Proc. 8269)
    General Pulaski Memorial Day (Proc. 8306)
    German-American Day (Proc. 8301)
    Gold Star Mother's Day (Proc. 8293)
    Great Outdoors Month (Proc. 8265)
    Greek Independence Day: A National Day of Celebration of Greek and 
American Democracy (Proc. 8227)

[[Page 362]]

    Human Rights Day, Bill of Rights Day, and Human Rights Week (Proc. 8328)
    Irish-American Heritage Month (Proc. 8223)
    Italian Independence Day (Proc. 8266)
    Jewish American Heritage Month (Proc. 8248)
    Law Day, U.S.A. (Proc. 8250)
    Leif Erikson Day (Proc. 8303)
    Loyalty Day (Proc. 8245)
    Malaria Awareness Day (Proc. 8246)
    Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday (Proc. 8216)
    Military Spouse Day (Proc. 8252)
    Minority Enterprise Development Week (Proc. 8280)
    Mother's Day (Proc. 8253)
    National Adoption Month (Proc. 8315)
    National African American History Month (Proc. 8218)
    National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month (Proc. 8283)
    National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month (Proc. 8312)
    National American Indian Heritage Month (Proc. 8313)
    National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (Proc. 8297)
    National Character Counts Week (Proc. 8308)
    National Charter Schools Week (Proc. 8251)
    National Child Abuse Prevention Month (Proc. 8230)
    National Child's Day (Proc. 8267)
    National Consumer Protection Week (Proc. 8224)
    National Crime Victims' Rights Week (Proc. 8237)
    National D.A.R.E. Day (Proc. 8235)
    National Day of Prayer (Proc. 8242)
    National Days of Prayer and Remembrance (Proc. 8284)
    National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week 
(Proc. 8254)
    National Diabetes Month (Proc. 8314)
    National Disability Employment Awareness Month (Proc. 8298)
    National Domestic Violence Awareness Month (Proc. 8299)
    National Donate Life Month (Proc. 8231)
    National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month (Proc. 8324)
    National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week (Proc. 8288)
    National Fair Housing Month (Proc. 8232)
    National Family Caregivers Month (Proc. 8311)
    National Family Week (Proc. 8321)
    National Farm-City Week (Proc. 8320)
    National Farm Safety and Health Week (Proc. 8291)
    National Forest Products Week (Proc. 8309)
    National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day (Proc. 8234)
    National Hispanic Heritage Month (Proc. 8287)
    National Historically Black Colleges and Universities Week (Proc. 8285)
    National Homeownership Month (Proc. 8263)
    National Hospice Month (Proc. 8316)
    National Hunting and Fishing Day (Proc. 8295)
    National Hurricane Preparedness Week (Proc. 8261)
    National Maritime Day (Proc. 8259)
    National Mentoring Month (Proc. 8333)
    National Oceans Month (Proc. 8268)
    National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month (Proc. 8281)
    National Park Week (Proc. 8239)
    National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (Proc. 8326)
    National Physical Fitness and Sports Month (Proc. 8249)
    National Poison Prevention Week (Proc. 8226)
    National POW/MIA Recognition Day (Proc. 8290)
    National Preparedness Month (Proc. 8282)
    National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month (Proc. 8279)
    National Safe Boating Week (Proc. 8256)
    National Sanctity of Human Life Day (Proc. 8217)
    National School Lunch Week (Proc. 8304)
    National Tartan Day (Proc. 8233)
    National Volunteer Week (Proc. 8244)
    Older Americans Month (Proc. 8243)
    Pan American Day and Pan American Week (Proc. 8236)
    Parents' Day (Proc. 8277)
    Patriot Day (Proc. 8286)
    Peace Officers' Memorial Day and Police Week (Proc. 8255)

[[Page 363]]

    Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day (Proc. 8260)
    Religious Freedom Day (Proc. 8215)
    Save Your Vision Week (Proc. 8222)
    Sixth Anniversary of USA Freedom Corps (Proc. 8219)
    Small Business Week (Proc. 8241)
    Thanksgiving Day (Proc. 8322)
    United Nations Day (Proc. 8310)
    Veterans Day (Proc. 8317)
    White Cane Safety Day (Proc. 8307)
    Women's Equality Day (Proc. 8278)
    Women's History Month (Proc. 8225)
    World AIDS Day (Proc. 8325)
    World Freedom Day (Proc. 8318)
    World Trade Week (Proc. 8257)
    Wright Brothers Day (Proc. 8329)
State, Department of
    Secretary
9/11 Commission Act of 2007; assignment of functions under (Memorandum of 
Mar. 28, p. 281)
John Warner National Defense Authorization Act; assignment of functions 
under (Memorandum of May 6, p. 283)
National Defense Authorization Act, assignment of President's functions 
under (Memorandum of Oct. 31, p. 312)
Sudan
    Blocking property of persons contributing to conflict, continuation of 
national emergency (Notice of Oct. 30, p. 311)
    Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, compliance requirments 
(Presidential Determination No. 09-5, p. 309)
Syria
    Blocking property of certain persons and prohibiting exportation of 
goods to (Notice of May 7, p. 283)
    Iraq stabilization, blocking property of persons who undermine (EO 
13460)
    Lebanese sovereignty, blocking property of persons who undermine; 
continuation of national emergency (Notice of July 30, p. 292)


T

Tanzania
    Rome Statute; International Criminal Court; waiving prohibitation on 
U.S. assistance (Presidential Determination No. 08-21, p. 288)
Tartan Day, National (Proc. 8233)
Taxpayers, protecting from earmark spending (EO 13457)
Taylor, Charles, regime; Liberia, continuation of U.S. national emergency 
(Notice of July 16, p. 290)
Terrorism
Emergency, national; continuation with respect to people who commit, 
threaten to commit, or support (Notice of Sept. 18, p. 301)
    Middle East, continuation of national emergency with respect to 
terrorists (Notice of Jan. 18, p. 267)
    North Korea designation as state sponsor of terrorism; certification of 
rescission (Memorandum of June 26, p. 289)
    Pakistan; transition to democratic rule; facilitation (Presidential 
Determination No. 08-16, p. 279)
    Palestine Liberation Organization Office, waiver and certification of 
statutory provisions (Presidential Determination Nos. 08-18, p. 282; 09-3, 
p. 306)
    Syria, continuation of national emergency (Notice of May 7, p. 283)
    Terrorist attacks in U.S., continuation of national emergency with 
respect to (Notice of Aug. 28, p. 293)
Thanksgiving Day (Proc. 8322)
Trade
    African Growth and Opportunity Act and Generalized System of 
Preferences, modifications (Proc. 8330)
    African Growth and Opportunity Act, Beneficiary Country Designations, 
and Generalized System of Preferences Duty-Free Treatment, modifications 
(Proc. 8240)
    Costa Rica; Dominican Republic-Central America-U.S. Free Trade 
Agreement, implementation (Proc. 8331)
    Generalized System of Preferences Duty-Free Treatment, Modifications, 
and African Growth and Opportunity Act, beneficiary country designations 
(Proc. 8272)
    Harmonized Tariff Schedule of U.S., modifications (Procs. 8228, 8240, 
8272, 8294, 8296, 8323, 8334)
    Israel; certain agricultural products, extension of duty-free treatment 
(Proc. 8334)
    North Korea; Trading With the Enemy Act, termination of excercise of 
authorites (Proc. 8271)

[[Page 364]]

    Oman Free Trade Agreement; implementation (Proc. 8332)
    World Trade Week (Proc. 8257)
Transportation
    Aviation insurance coverage for commercial air carrier service in 
domestic and international operations (Memorandum of Dec. 23, p. 318)
    Maritime insurance coverage of vessels against loss or damage from war 
risks (Memorandum of Nov. 25, p. 314)
Turkey; nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement for cooperation 
between U.S. and Turkey (Presidential Determination No. 08-8, p. 268)


U

Uganda; refugee and migration assistance (Presidential Determination No. 09-
9, p. 318)
Ukraine; Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988; determinations under 
(Presidential Determination No. 08-17, p. 280)
United Arab Emirates; nuclear energy, peaceful uses of; proposed agreement 
for cooperation between U.S. and United Arab Emirates (Presidential 
Determination No. 09-7, p. 314)
United Nations Day (Proc. 8310)
United States Armed Forces, integration of; 60th Anniversary (Proc. 8275)
USA Freedom Corps, Sixth Anniversary (Proc. 8219)


V

Venezuela; illicit narcotics certification (Presidential Determination No. 
08-28, p. 297)
Veterans Day (Proc. 8317)
Volunteer Week, National (Proc. 8244)


W

Warner, John; Defense Authorization Act, National; assignment of functions 
to Secretary of State (Memorandum of May 6, p. 283)
Weapons of mass destruction
    Combating proliferation, continuation of national emergency (Notice of 
Nov. 10, p. 313)
    Russia; weapons-usable fissile material, continuation of national 
emergency (Notice of June 18, p. 287)
    U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement 
Act; certifications (Presidential Determination No. 09-6, p. 310)
Western Hemisphere; refugee and migration assistance (Presidential 
Determination No. 08-22, p. 288)
White Cane Safety Day (Proc. 8307)
Women's Equality Day (Proc. 8278)
Women's History Month (Proc. 8225)
World AIDS Day (Proc. 8325)
World Freedom Day (Proc. 8318)
World Trade Week (Proc. 8257)
World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument; establishment (Proc. 
8327)
Wright Brothers Day (Proc. 8329)


Z

Zimbabwe
    Blocking property of persons undermining democratic processes or 
institutions (EO 13469)
    Emergency, national; continuation (Notice of Mar. 4, p. 277)


[[Page 365]]

                            CFR FINDING AIDS


________________________________________________________________________


Editorial note: A list of CFR titles, subtitles, chapters, subchapters, 
and parts, and an alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR 
are included in the CFR Index and Finding Aids volume to the Code of 
Federal Regulations, which is published separately and revised annually 
as of January 1.

The two finding aids on the following pages, the ``Table of CFR Titles 
and Chapters'' and the ``Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the 
CFR'' apply to all 50 titles of the Code of Federal Regulations. 
Reference aids specific to this volume appear in the section entitled 
``Title 3 Finding Aids,'' found on page 331.

[[Page 367]]



                    Table of CFR Titles and Chapters




                     (Revised as of January 1, 2009)

                      Title 1--General Provisions

         I  Administrative Committee of the Federal Register 
                (Parts 1--49)
        II  Office of the Federal Register (Parts 50--299)
        IV  Miscellaneous Agencies (Parts 400--500)

                    Title 2--Grants and Agreements

            Subtitle A--Office of Management and Budget Guidance 
                for Grants and Agreements
         I  Office of Management and Budget Governmentwide 
                Guidance for Grants and Agreements (Parts 100--
                199)
        II  Office of Management and Budget Circulars and Guidance 
                (200--299)
            Subtitle B--Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and 
                Agreements
       III  Department of Health and Human Services (Parts 300-- 
                399)
        VI  Department of State (Parts 600--699)
      VIII  Department of Veterans Affairs (Parts 800--899)
        IX  Department of Energy (Parts 900--999)
        XI  Department of Defense (Parts 1100--1199)
       XII  Department of Transportation (Parts 1200--1299)
       XIV  Department of the Interior (Parts 1400--1499)
        XV  Environmental Protection Agency (Parts 1500--1599)
     XVIII  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Parts 
                1880--1899)
      XXII  Corporation for National and Community Service (Parts 
                2200--2299)
     XXIII  Social Security Administration (Parts 2300--2399)
      XXIV  Housing and Urban Development (Parts 2400--2499)
       XXV  National Science Foundation (Parts 2500--2599)
      XXVI  National Archives and Records Administration (Parts 
                2600--2699)
     XXVII  Small Business Administration (Parts 2700--2799)
    XXVIII  Department of Justice (Parts 2800--2899)
      XXXI  Institute of Museum and Library Services (Parts 3100--
                3199)
     XXXII  National Endowment for the Arts (Parts 3200--3299)
    XXXIII  National Endowment for the Humanities (Parts 3300--
                3399)
      XXXV  Export-Import Bank of the United States (Parts 3500--
                3599)
    XXXVII  Peace Corps (Parts 3700--3799)

[[Page 368]]

                        Title 3--The President

         I  Executive Office of the President (Parts 100--199)

                           Title 4--Accounts

         I  Government Accountability Office (Parts 1--99)

                   Title 5--Administrative Personnel

         I  Office of Personnel Management (Parts 1--1199)
        II  Merit Systems Protection Board (Parts 1200--1299)
       III  Office of Management and Budget (Parts 1300--1399)
         V  The International Organizations Employees Loyalty 
                Board (Parts 1500--1599)
        VI  Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board (Parts 
                1600--1699)
      VIII  Office of Special Counsel (Parts 1800--1899)
        IX  Appalachian Regional Commission (Parts 1900--1999)
        XI  Armed Forces Retirement Home (Parts 2100--2199)
       XIV  Federal Labor Relations Authority, General Counsel of 
                the Federal Labor Relations Authority and Federal 
                Service Impasses Panel (Parts 2400--2499)
        XV  Office of Administration, Executive Office of the 
                President (Parts 2500--2599)
       XVI  Office of Government Ethics (Parts 2600--2699)
       XXI  Department of the Treasury (Parts 3100--3199)
      XXII  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (Parts 3200--
                3299)
     XXIII  Department of Energy (Parts 3300--3399)
      XXIV  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Parts 3400--
                3499)
       XXV  Department of the Interior (Parts 3500--3599)
      XXVI  Department of Defense (Parts 3600-- 3699)
    XXVIII  Department of Justice (Parts 3800--3899)
      XXIX  Federal Communications Commission (Parts 3900--3999)
       XXX  Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation (Parts 4000--
                4099)
      XXXI  Farm Credit Administration (Parts 4100--4199)
    XXXIII  Overseas Private Investment Corporation (Parts 4300--
                4399)
      XXXV  Office of Personnel Management (Parts 4500--4599)
        XL  Interstate Commerce Commission (Parts 5000--5099)
       XLI  Commodity Futures Trading Commission (Parts 5100--
                5199)
      XLII  Department of Labor (Parts 5200--5299)
     XLIII  National Science Foundation (Parts 5300--5399)
       XLV  Department of Health and Human Services (Parts 5500--
                5599)
      XLVI  Postal Rate Commission (Parts 5600--5699)
     XLVII  Federal Trade Commission (Parts 5700--5799)
    XLVIII  Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Parts 5800--5899)
         L  Department of Transportation (Parts 6000--6099)
       LII  Export-Import Bank of the United States (Parts 6200--
                6299)
      LIII  Department of Education (Parts 6300--6399)

[[Page 369]]

       LIV  Environmental Protection Agency (Parts 6400--6499)
        LV  National Endowment for the Arts (Parts 6500--6599)
       LVI  National Endowment for the Humanities (Parts 6600--
                6699)
      LVII  General Services Administration (Parts 6700--6799)
     LVIII  Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System 
                (Parts 6800--6899)
       LIX  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Parts 
                6900--6999)
        LX  United States Postal Service (Parts 7000--7099)
       LXI  National Labor Relations Board (Parts 7100--7199)
      LXII  Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (Parts 7200--
                7299)
     LXIII  Inter-American Foundation (Parts 7300--7399)
      LXIV  Merit Systems Protection Board (Parts 7400--7499)
       LXV  Department of Housing and Urban Development (Parts 
                7500--7599)
      LXVI  National Archives and Records Administration (Parts 
                7600--7699)
     LXVII  Institute of Museum and Library Services (Parts 7700--
                7799)
    LXVIII  Commission on Civil Rights (Parts 7800--7899)
      LXIX  Tennessee Valley Authority (Parts 7900--7999)
      LXXI  Consumer Product Safety Commission (Parts 8100--8199)
    LXXIII  Department of Agriculture (Parts 8300--8399)
     LXXIV  Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission 
                (Parts 8400--8499)
     LXXVI  Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board (Parts 
                8600--8699)
    LXXVII  Office of Management and Budget (Parts 8700--8799)
     XCVII  Department of Homeland Security Human Resources 
                Management System (Department of Homeland 
                Security--Office of Personnel Management) (Parts 
                9700--9799)
      XCIX  Department of Defense Human Resources Management and 
                Labor Relations Systems (Department of Defense--
                Office of Personnel Management) (Parts 9900--9999)

                      Title 6--Domestic Security

         I  Department of Homeland Security, Office of the 
                Secretary (Parts 0--99)
         X  Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (Parts 
                1000--1099)

                         Title 7--Agriculture

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 
                (Parts 0--26)
            Subtitle B--Regulations of the Department of 
                Agriculture
         I  Agricultural Marketing Service (Standards, 
                Inspections, Marketing Practices), Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 27--209)
        II  Food and Nutrition Service, Department of Agriculture 
                (Parts 210--299)

[[Page 370]]

       III  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Department 
                of Agriculture (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 400--499)
         V  Agricultural Research Service, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 500--599)
        VI  Natural Resources Conservation Service, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 600--699)
       VII  Farm Service Agency, Department of Agriculture (Parts 
                700--799)
      VIII  Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards 
                Administration (Federal Grain Inspection Service), 
                Department of Agriculture (Parts 800--899)
        IX  Agricultural Marketing Service (Marketing Agreements 
                and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), Department 
                of Agriculture (Parts 900--999)
         X  Agricultural Marketing Service (Marketing Agreements 
                and Orders; Milk), Department of Agriculture 
                (Parts 1000--1199)
        XI  Agricultural Marketing Service (Marketing Agreements 
                and Orders; Miscellaneous Commodities), Department 
                of Agriculture (Parts 1200--1299)
       XIV  Commodity Credit Corporation, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 1400--1499)
        XV  Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 1500--1599)
       XVI  Rural Telephone Bank, Department of Agriculture (Parts 
                1600--1699)
      XVII  Rural Utilities Service, Department of Agriculture 
                (Parts 1700--1799)
     XVIII  Rural Housing Service, Rural Business-Cooperative 
                Service, Rural Utilities Service, and Farm Service 
                Agency, Department of Agriculture (Parts 1800--
                2099)
        XX  Local Television Loan Guarantee Board (Parts 2200--
                2299)
      XXVI  Office of Inspector General, Department of Agriculture 
                (Parts 2600--2699)
     XXVII  Office of Information Resources Management, Department 
                of Agriculture (Parts 2700--2799)
    XXVIII  Office of Operations, Department of Agriculture (Parts 
                2800--2899)
      XXIX  Office of Energy Policy and New Uses, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 2900--2999)
       XXX  Office of the Chief Financial Officer, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 3000--3099)
      XXXI  Office of Environmental Quality, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 3100--3199)
     XXXII  Office of Procurement and Property Management, 
                Department of Agriculture (Parts 3200--3299)
    XXXIII  Office of Transportation, Department of Agriculture 
                (Parts 3300--3399)
     XXXIV  Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension 
                Service, Department of Agriculture (Parts 3400--
                3499)

[[Page 371]]

      XXXV  Rural Housing Service, Department of Agriculture 
                (Parts 3500--3599)
     XXXVI  National Agricultural Statistics Service, Department 
                of Agriculture (Parts 3600--3699)
    XXXVII  Economic Research Service, Department of Agriculture 
                (Parts 3700--3799)
   XXXVIII  World Agricultural Outlook Board, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 3800--3899)
       XLI  [Reserved]
      XLII  Rural Business-Cooperative Service and Rural Utilities 
                Service, Department of Agriculture (Parts 4200--
                4299)
         L  Rural Business-Cooperative Service, Rurual Housing 
                Service, and Rural Utilities Service, Department 
                of Agriculture (Parts 5000--5099)

                    Title 8--Aliens and Nationality

         I  Department of Homeland Security (Immigration and 
                Naturalization) (Parts 1--499)
         V  Executive Office for Immigration Review, Department of 
                Justice (Parts 1000--1399)

                 Title 9--Animals and Animal Products

         I  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Department 
                of Agriculture (Parts 1--199)
        II  Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards 
                Administration (Packers and Stockyards Programs), 
                Department of Agriculture (Parts 200--299)
       III  Food Safety and Inspection Service, Department of 
                Agriculture (Parts 300--599)

                           Title 10--Energy

         I  Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Parts 0--199)
        II  Department of Energy (Parts 200--699)
       III  Department of Energy (Parts 700--999)
         X  Department of Energy (General Provisions) (Parts 
                1000--1099)
      XIII  Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board (Parts 1303--
                1399)
      XVII  Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (Parts 1700--
                1799)
     XVIII  Northeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste 
                Commission (Parts 1800--1899)

                      Title 11--Federal Elections

         I  Federal Election Commission (Parts 1--9099)
        II  Election Assistance Commission (Parts9400--9499)

[[Page 372]]

                      Title 12--Banks and Banking

         I  Comptroller of the Currency, Department of the 
                Treasury (Parts 1--199)
        II  Federal Reserve System (Parts 200--299)
       III  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Export-Import Bank of the United States (Parts 400--
                499)
         V  Office of Thrift Supervision, Department of the 
                Treasury (Parts 500--599)
        VI  Farm Credit Administration (Parts 600--699)
       VII  National Credit Union Administration (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  Federal Financing Bank (Parts 800--899)
        IX  Federal Housing Finance Board (Parts 900--999)
        XI  Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council 
                (Parts 1100--1199)
       XII  Federal Housing Finance Agency (Parts 1200--1299)
       XIV  Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation (Parts 1400--
                1499)
        XV  Department of the Treasury (Parts 1500--1599)
      XVII  Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, 
                Department of Housing and Urban Development (Parts 
                1700--1799)
     XVIII  Community Development Financial Institutions Fund, 
                Department of the Treasury (Parts 1800--1899)

               Title 13--Business Credit and Assistance

         I  Small Business Administration (Parts 1--199)
       III  Economic Development Administration, Department of 
                Commerce (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Emergency Steel Guarantee Loan Board, Department of 
                Commerce (Parts 400--499)
         V  Emergency Oil and Gas Guaranteed Loan Board, 
                Department of Commerce (Parts 500--599)

                    Title 14--Aeronautics and Space

         I  Federal Aviation Administration, Department of 
                Transportation (Parts 1--199)
        II  Office of the Secretary, Department of Transportation 
                (Aviation Proceedings) (Parts 200--399)
       III  Commercial Space Transportation, Federal Aviation 
                Administration, Department of Transportation 
                (Parts 400--499)
         V  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Parts 
                1200--1299)
        VI  Air Transportation System Stabilization (Parts 1300--
                1399)

                 Title 15--Commerce and Foreign Trade

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Commerce (Parts 
                0--29)

[[Page 373]]

            Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Commerce and 
                Foreign Trade
         I  Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce (Parts 
                30--199)
        II  National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
                Department of Commerce (Parts 200--299)
       III  International Trade Administration, Department of 
                Commerce (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Foreign-Trade Zones Board, Department of Commerce 
                (Parts 400--499)
       VII  Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of 
                Commerce (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  Bureau of Economic Analysis, Department of Commerce 
                (Parts 800--899)
        IX  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
                Department of Commerce (Parts 900--999)
        XI  Technology Administration, Department of Commerce 
                (Parts 1100--1199)
      XIII  East-West Foreign Trade Board (Parts 1300--1399)
       XIV  Minority Business Development Agency (Parts 1400--
                1499)
            Subtitle C--Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade 
                Agreements
        XX  Office of the United States Trade Representative 
                (Parts 2000--2099)
            Subtitle D--Regulations Relating to Telecommunications 
                and Information
     XXIII  National Telecommunications and Information 
                Administration, Department of Commerce (Parts 
                2300--2399)

                    Title 16--Commercial Practices

         I  Federal Trade Commission (Parts 0--999)
        II  Consumer Product Safety Commission (Parts 1000--1799)

             Title 17--Commodity and Securities Exchanges

         I  Commodity Futures Trading Commission (Parts 1--199)
        II  Securities and Exchange Commission (Parts 200--399)
        IV  Department of the Treasury (Parts 400--499)

          Title 18--Conservation of Power and Water Resources

         I  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Department of 
                Energy (Parts 1--399)
       III  Delaware River Basin Commission (Parts 400--499)
        VI  Water Resources Council (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  Susquehanna River Basin Commission (Parts 800--899)
      XIII  Tennessee Valley Authority (Parts 1300--1399)

[[Page 374]]

                       Title 19--Customs Duties

         I  Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, Department of 
                Homeland Security; Department of the Treasury 
                (Parts 0--199)
        II  United States International Trade Commission (Parts 
                200--299)
       III  International Trade Administration, Department of 
                Commerce (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
                Department of Homeland Security (Parts 400--599)

                     Title 20--Employees' Benefits

         I  Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, Department 
                of Labor (Parts 1--199)
        II  Railroad Retirement Board (Parts 200--399)
       III  Social Security Administration (Parts 400--499)
        IV  Employees Compensation Appeals Board, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 500--599)
         V  Employment and Training Administration, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 600--699)
        VI  Employment Standards Administration, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 700--799)
       VII  Benefits Review Board, Department of Labor (Parts 
                800--899)
      VIII  Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries (Parts 
                900--999)
        IX  Office of the Assistant Secretary for Veterans' 
                Employment and Training Service, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 1000--1099)

                       Title 21--Food and Drugs

         I  Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and 
                Human Services (Parts 1--1299)
        II  Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Justice 
                (Parts 1300--1399)
       III  Office of National Drug Control Policy (Parts 1400--
                1499)

                      Title 22--Foreign Relations

         I  Department of State (Parts 1--199)
        II  Agency for International Development (Parts 200--299)
       III  Peace Corps (Parts 300--399)
        IV  International Joint Commission, United States and 
                Canada (Parts 400--499)
         V  Broadcasting Board of Governors (Parts 500--599)
       VII  Overseas Private Investment Corporation (Parts 700--
                799)
        IX  Foreign Service Grievance Board (Parts 900--999)
         X  Inter-American Foundation (Parts 1000--1099)
        XI  International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
                States and Mexico, United States Section (Parts 
                1100--1199)
       XII  United States International Development Cooperation 
                Agency (Parts 1200--1299)

[[Page 375]]

      XIII  Millenium Challenge Corporation (Parts 1300--1399)
       XIV  Foreign Service Labor Relations Board; Federal Labor 
                Relations Authority; General Counsel of the 
                Federal Labor Relations Authority; and the Foreign 
                Service Impasse Disputes Panel (Parts 1400--1499)
        XV  African Development Foundation (Parts 1500--1599)
       XVI  Japan-United States Friendship Commission (Parts 
                1600--1699)
      XVII  United States Institute of Peace (Parts 1700--1799)

                          Title 23--Highways

         I  Federal Highway Administration, Department of 
                Transportation (Parts 1--999)
        II  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and 
                Federal Highway Administration, Department of 
                Transportation (Parts 1200--1299)
       III  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 
                Department of Transportation (Parts 1300--1399)

                Title 24--Housing and Urban Development

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary, Department of 
                Housing and Urban Development (Parts 0--99)
            Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban 
                Development
         I  Office of Assistant Secretary for Equal Opportunity, 
                Department of Housing and Urban Development (Parts 
                100--199)
        II  Office of Assistant Secretary for Housing-Federal 
                HousingCommissioner, Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development (Parts 200--299)
       III  Government National Mortgage Association, Department 
                of Housing and Urban Development (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Office of Housing and Office of Multifamily Housing 
                Assistance Restructuring, Department of Housing 
                and Urban Development (Parts 400--499)
         V  Office of Assistant Secretary for Community Planning 
                and Development, Department of Housing and Urban 
                Development (Parts 500--599)
        VI  Office of Assistant Secretary for Community Planning 
                and Development, Department of Housing and Urban 
                Development (Parts 600--699) [Reserved]
       VII  Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development (Housing Assistance Programs and 
                Public and Indian Housing Programs) (Parts 700--
                799)
      VIII  Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing--Federal 
                Housing Commissioner, Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development (Section 8 Housing Assistance 
                Programs, Section 202 Direct Loan Program, Section 
                202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Program and 
                Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons With 
                Disabilities Program) (Parts 800--899)

[[Page 376]]

        IX  Office of Assistant Secretary for Public and Indian 
                Housing, Department of Housing and Urban 
                Development (Parts 900--1699)
         X  Office of Assistant Secretary for Housing--Federal 
                Housing Commissioner, Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development (Interstate Land Sales 
                Registration Program) (Parts 1700--1799)
       XII  Office of Inspector General, Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development (Parts 2000--2099)
        XX  Office of Assistant Secretary for Housing--Federal 
                Housing Commissioner, Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development (Parts 3200--3899)
       XXV  Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation (Parts 4100--
                4199)

                           Title 25--Indians

         I  Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior 
                (Parts 1--299)
        II  Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the 
                Interior (Parts 300--399)
       III  National Indian Gaming Commission, Department of the 
                Interior (Parts 500--599)
        IV  Office of Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation (Parts 
                700--799)
         V  Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior, 
                and Indian Health Service, Department of Health 
                and Human Services (Part 900)
        VI  Office of the Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs, 
                Department of the Interior (Parts 1000--1199)
       VII  Office of the Special Trustee for American Indians, 
                Department of the Interior (Parts 1200--1299)

                      Title 26--Internal Revenue

         I  Internal Revenue Service, Department of the Treasury 
                (Parts 1--899)

           Title 27--Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms

         I  Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, Department 
                of the Treasury (Parts 1--399)
        II  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, 
                Department of Justice (Parts 400--699)

                   Title 28--Judicial Administration

         I  Department of Justice (Parts 0--299)
       III  Federal Prison Industries, Inc., Department of Justice 
                (Parts 300--399)
         V  Bureau of Prisons, Department of Justice (Parts 500--
                599)
        VI  Offices of Independent Counsel, Department of Justice 
                (Parts 600--699)

[[Page 377]]

       VII  Office of Independent Counsel (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the 
                District of Columbia (Parts 800--899)
        IX  National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact Council 
                (Parts 900--999)
        XI  Department of Justice and Department of State (Parts 
                1100--1199)

                            Title 29--Labor

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Labor (Parts 
                0--99)
            Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Labor
         I  National Labor Relations Board (Parts 100--199)
        II  Office of Labor-Management Standards, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 200--299)
       III  National Railroad Adjustment Board (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Office of Labor-Management Standards, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 400--499)
         V  Wage and Hour Division, Department of Labor (Parts 
                500--899)
        IX  Construction Industry Collective Bargaining Commission 
                (Parts 900--999)
         X  National Mediation Board (Parts 1200--1299)
       XII  Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (Parts 
                1400--1499)
       XIV  Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (Parts 1600--
                1699)
      XVII  Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 
                Department of Labor (Parts 1900--1999)
        XX  Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission 
                (Parts 2200--2499)
       XXV  Employee Benefits Security Administration, Department 
                of Labor (Parts 2500--2599)
     XXVII  Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission 
                (Parts 2700--2799)
        XL  Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (Parts 4000--
                4999)

                      Title 30--Mineral Resources

         I  Mine Safety and Health Administration, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 1--199)
        II  Minerals Management Service, Department of the 
                Interior (Parts 200--299)
       III  Board of Surface Mining and Reclamation Appeals, 
                Department of the Interior (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Geological Survey, Department of the Interior (Parts 
                400--499)
       VII  Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, 
                Department of the Interior (Parts 700--999)

[[Page 378]]

                 Title 31--Money and Finance: Treasury

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of the Treasury 
                (Parts 0--50)
            Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Money and Finance
         I  Monetary Offices, Department of the Treasury (Parts 
                51--199)
        II  Fiscal Service, Department of the Treasury (Parts 
                200--399)
        IV  Secret Service, Department of the Treasury (Parts 
                400--499)
         V  Office of Foreign Assets Control, Department of the 
                Treasury (Parts 500--599)
        VI  Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Department of the 
                Treasury (Parts 600--699)
       VII  Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Department of 
                the Treasury (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  Office of International Investment, Department of the 
                Treasury (Parts 800--899)
        IX  Federal Claims Collection Standards (Department of the 
                Treasury--Department of Justice) (Parts 900--999)

                      Title 32--National Defense

            Subtitle A--Department of Defense
         I  Office of the Secretary of Defense (Parts 1--399)
         V  Department of the Army (Parts 400--699)
        VI  Department of the Navy (Parts 700--799)
       VII  Department of the Air Force (Parts 800--1099)
            Subtitle B--Other Regulations Relating to National 
                Defense
       XII  Defense Logistics Agency (Parts 1200--1299)
       XVI  Selective Service System (Parts 1600--1699)
      XVII  Office of the Director of National Intelligence (Parts 
                1700--1799)
     XVIII  National Counterintelligence Center (Parts 1800--1899)
       XIX  Central Intelligence Agency (Parts 1900--1999)
        XX  Information Security Oversight Office, National 
                Archives and Records Administration (Parts 2000--
                2099)
       XXI  National Security Council (Parts 2100--2199)
      XXIV  Office of Science and Technology Policy (Parts 2400--
                2499)
     XXVII  Office for Micronesian Status Negotiations (Parts 
                2700--2799)
    XXVIII  Office of the Vice President of the United States 
                (Parts 2800--2899)

               Title 33--Navigation and Navigable Waters

         I  Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security (Parts 
                1--199)
        II  Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army (Parts 
                200--399)
        IV  Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, 
                Department of Transportation (Parts 400--499)

[[Page 379]]

                          Title 34--Education

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary, Department of 
                Education (Parts 1--99)
            Subtitle B--Regulations of the Offices of the 
                Department of Education
         I  Office for Civil Rights, Department of Education 
                (Parts 100--199)
        II  Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, 
                Department of Education (Parts 200--299)
       III  Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative 
                Services, Department of Education (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Office of Vocational and Adult Education, Department 
                of Education (Parts 400--499)
         V  Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages 
                Affairs, Department of Education (Parts 500--599)
        VI  Office of Postsecondary Education, Department of 
                Education (Parts 600--699)
       VII  Office of Educational Research and Improvmeent, 
                Department of Education [Reserved]
        XI  National Institute for Literacy (Parts 1100--1199)
            Subtitle C--Regulations Relating to Education
       XII  National Council on Disability (Parts 1200--1299)

                          Title 35 [Reserved]

             Title 36--Parks, Forests, and Public Property

         I  National Park Service, Department of the Interior 
                (Parts 1--199)
        II  Forest Service, Department of Agriculture (Parts 200--
                299)
       III  Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army (Parts 
                300--399)
        IV  American Battle Monuments Commission (Parts 400--499)
         V  Smithsonian Institution (Parts 500--599)
        VI  [Reserved]
       VII  Library of Congress (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (Parts 800--
                899)
        IX  Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation (Parts 
                900--999)
         X  Presidio Trust (Parts 1000--1099)
        XI  Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance 
                Board (Parts 1100--1199)
       XII  National Archives and Records Administration (Parts 
                1200--1299)
        XV  Oklahoma City National Memorial Trust (Parts 1500--
                1599)
       XVI  Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National 
                Environmental Policy Foundation (Parts 1600--1699)

             Title 37--Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights

         I  United States Patent and Trademark Office, Department 
                of Commerce (Parts 1--199)
        II  Copyright Office, Library of Congress (Parts 200--299)

[[Page 380]]

       III  Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress (Parts 
                301--399)
        IV  Assistant Secretary for Technology Policy, Department 
                of Commerce (Parts 400--499)
         V  Under Secretary for Technology, Department of Commerce 
                (Parts 500--599)

           Title 38--Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief

         I  Department of Veterans Affairs (Parts 0--99)

                       Title 39--Postal Service

         I  United States Postal Service (Parts 1--999)
       III  Postal Regulatory Commission (Parts 3000--3099)

                  Title 40--Protection of Environment

         I  Environmental Protection Agency (Parts 1--1099)
        IV  Environmental Protection Agency and Department of 
                Justice (Parts 1400--1499)
         V  Council on Environmental Quality (Parts 1500--1599)
        VI  Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (Parts 
                1600--1699)
       VII  Environmental Protection Agency and Department of 
                Defense; Uniform National Discharge Standards for 
                Vessels of the Armed Forces (Parts 1700--1799)

          Title 41--Public Contracts and Property Management

            Subtitle B--Other Provisions Relating to Public 
                Contracts
        50  Public Contracts, Department of Labor (Parts 50-1--50-
                999)
        51  Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or 
                Severely Disabled (Parts 51-1--51-99)
        60  Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs, Equal 
                Employment Opportunity, Department of Labor (Parts 
                60-1--60-999)
        61  Office of the Assistant Secretary for Veterans' 
                Employment and Training Service, Department of 
                Labor (Parts 61-1--61-999)
            Chapters 62--100 [Reserved]
            Subtitle C--Federal Property Management Regulations 
                System
       101  Federal Property Management Regulations (Parts 101-1--
                101-99)
       102  Federal Management Regulation (Parts 102-1--102-299)
            Chapters 103--104 [Reserved]
       105  General Services Administration (Parts 105-1--105-999)
       109  Department of Energy Property Management Regulations 
                (Parts 109-1--109-99)
       114  Department of the Interior (Parts 114-1--114-99)
       115  Environmental Protection Agency (Parts 115-1--115-99)

[[Page 381]]

       128  Department of Justice (Parts 128-1--128-99)
            Chapters 129--200 [Reserved]
            Subtitle D--Other Provisions Relating to Property 
                Management [Reserved]
            Subtitle E--Federal Information Resources Management 
                Regulations System [Reserved]
            Subtitle F--Federal Travel Regulation System
       300  General (Parts 300-1--300-99)
       301  Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances (Parts 301-1--
                301-99)
       302  Relocation Allowances (Parts 302-1--302-99)
       303  Payment of Expenses Connected with the Death of 
                Certain Employees (Part 303-1--303-99)
       304  Payment of Travel Expenses from a Non-Federal Source 
                (Parts 304-1--304-99)

                        Title 42--Public Health

         I  Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human 
                Services (Parts 1--199)
        IV  Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Department 
                of Health and Human Services (Parts 400--499)
         V  Office of Inspector General-Health Care, Department of 
                Health and Human Services (Parts 1000--1999)

                   Title 43--Public Lands: Interior

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of the Interior 
                (Parts 1--199)
            Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Public Lands
         I  Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior 
                (Parts 200--499)
        II  Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior 
                (Parts 1000--9999)
       III  Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation 
                Commission (Parts 10000--10010)

             Title 44--Emergency Management and Assistance

         I  Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of 
                Homeland Security (Parts 0--399)
        IV  Department of Commerce and Department of 
                Transportation (Parts 400--499)

                       Title 45--Public Welfare

            Subtitle A--Department of Health and Human Services 
                (Parts 1--199)
            Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Public Welfare

[[Page 382]]

        II  Office of Family Assistance (Assistance Programs), 
                Administration for Children and Families, 
                Department of Health and Human Services (Parts 
                200--299)
       III  Office of Child Support Enforcement (Child Support 
                Enforcement Program), Administration for Children 
                and Families, Department of Health and Human 
                Services (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Office of Refugee Resettlement, Administration for 
                Children and Families, Department of Health and 
                Human Services (Parts 400--499)
         V  Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United 
                States, Department of Justice (Parts 500--599)
        VI  National Science Foundation (Parts 600--699)
       VII  Commission on Civil Rights (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  Office of Personnel Management (Parts 800--899) 
                [Reserved]
         X  Office of Community Services, Administration for 
                Children and Families, Department of Health and 
                Human Services (Parts 1000--1099)
        XI  National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities 
                (Parts 1100--1199)
       XII  Corporation for National and Community Service (Parts 
                1200--1299)
      XIII  Office of Human Development Services, Department of 
                Health and Human Services (Parts 1300--1399)
       XVI  Legal Services Corporation (Parts 1600--1699)
      XVII  National Commission on Libraries and Information 
                Science (Parts 1700--1799)
     XVIII  Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation (Parts 1800--
                1899)
       XXI  Commission on Fine Arts (Parts 2100--2199)
     XXIII  Arctic Research Commission (Part 2301)
      XXIV  James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation (Parts 
                2400--2499)
       XXV  Corporation for National and Community Service (Parts 
                2500--2599)

                          Title 46--Shipping

         I  Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security (Parts 
                1--199)
        II  Maritime Administration, Department of Transportation 
                (Parts 200--399)
       III  Coast Guard (Great Lakes Pilotage), Department of 
                Homeland Security (Parts 400--499)
        IV  Federal Maritime Commission (Parts 500--599)

                      Title 47--Telecommunication

         I  Federal Communications Commission (Parts 0--199)
        II  Office of Science and Technology Policy and National 
                Security Council (Parts 200--299)

[[Page 383]]

       III  National Telecommunications and Information 
                Administration, Department of Commerce (Parts 
                300--399)

           Title 48--Federal Acquisition Regulations System

         1  Federal Acquisition Regulation (Parts 1--99)
         2  Defense Acquisition Regulations System, Department of 
                Defense (Parts 200--299)
         3  Department of Health and Human Services (Parts 300--
                399)
         4  Department of Agriculture (Parts 400--499)
         5  General Services Administration (Parts 500--599)
         6  Department of State (Parts 600--699)
         7  Agency for International Development (Parts 700--799)
         8  Department of Veterans Affairs (Parts 800--899)
         9  Department of Energy (Parts 900--999)
        10  Department of the Treasury (Parts 1000--1099)
        12  Department of Transportation (Parts 1200--1299)
        13  Department of Commerce (Parts 1300--1399)
        14  Department of the Interior (Parts 1400--1499)
        15  Environmental Protection Agency (Parts 1500--1599)
        16  Office of Personnel Management, Federal Employees 
                Health Benefits Acquisition Regulation (Parts 
                1600--1699)
        17  Office of Personnel Management (Parts 1700--1799)
        18  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Parts 
                1800--1899)
        19  Broadcasting Board of Governors (Parts 1900--1999)
        20  Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Parts 2000--2099)
        21  Office of Personnel Management, Federal Employees 
                Group Life Insurance Federal Acquisition 
                Regulation (Parts 2100--2199)
        23  Social Security Administration (Parts 2300--2399)
        24  Department of Housing and Urban Development (Parts 
                2400--2499)
        25  National Science Foundation (Parts 2500--2599)
        28  Department of Justice (Parts 2800--2899)
        29  Department of Labor (Parts 2900--2999)
        30  Department of Homeland Security, Homeland Security 
                Acquisition Regulation (HSAR) (Parts 3000--3099)
        34  Department of Education Acquisition Regulation (Parts 
                3400--3499)
        51  Department of the Army Acquisition Regulations (Parts 
                5100--5199)
        52  Department of the Navy Acquisition Regulations (Parts 
                5200--5299)
        53  Department of the Air Force Federal Acquisition 
                Regulation Supplement [Reserved]
        54  Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense (Parts 
                5400--5499)

[[Page 384]]

        57  African Development Foundation (Parts 5700--5799)
        61  General Services Administration Board of Contract 
                Appeals (Parts 6100--6199)
        63  Department of Transportation Board of Contract Appeals 
                (Parts 6300--6399)
        99  Cost Accounting Standards Board, Office of Federal 
                Procurement Policy, Office of Management and 
                Budget (Parts 9900--9999)

                       Title 49--Transportation

            Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Transportation 
                (Parts 1--99)
            Subtitle B--Other Regulations Relating to 
                Transportation
         I  Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety 
                Administration, Department of Transportation 
                (Parts 100--199)
        II  Federal Railroad Administration, Department of 
                Transportation (Parts 200--299)
       III  Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 
                Department of Transportation (Parts 300--399)
        IV  Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security (Parts 
                400--499)
         V  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 
                Department of Transportation (Parts 500--599)
        VI  Federal Transit Administration, Department of 
                Transportation (Parts 600--699)
       VII  National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK) 
                (Parts 700--799)
      VIII  National Transportation Safety Board (Parts 800--999)
         X  Surface Transportation Board, Department of 
                Transportation (Parts 1000--1399)
        XI  Research and Innovative Technology Administration, 
                Department of Transportation [Reserved]
       XII  Transportation Security Administration, Department of 
                Homeland Security (Parts 1500--1699)

                   Title 50--Wildlife and Fisheries

         I  United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of 
                the Interior (Parts 1--199)
        II  National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic 
                and Atmospheric Administration, Department of 
                Commerce (Parts 200--299)
       III  International Fishing and Related Activities (Parts 
                300--399)
        IV  Joint Regulations (United States Fish and Wildlife 
                Service, Department of the Interior and National 
                Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and 
                Atmospheric Administration, Department of 
                Commerce); Endangered Species Committee 
                Regulations (Parts 400--499)
         V  Marine Mammal Commission (Parts 500--599)

[[Page 385]]

        VI  Fishery Conservation and Management, National Oceanic 
                and Atmospheric Administration, Department of 
                Commerce (Parts 600--699)

                      CFR Index and Finding Aids

            Subject/Agency Index
            List of Agency Prepared Indexes
            Parallel Tables of Statutory Authorities and Rules
            List of CFR Titles, Chapters, Subchapters, and Parts
            Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR

[[Page 387]]





           Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR




                     (Revised as of January 1, 2009)

                                                  CFR Title, Subtitle or 
                     Agency                               Chapter

Administrative Committee of the Federal Register  1, I
Advanced Research Projects Agency                 32, I
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation         36, VIII
African Development Foundation                    22, XV
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 57
Agency for International Development              22, II
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 7
Agricultural Marketing Service                    7, I, IX, X, XI
Agricultural Research Service                     7, V
Agriculture Department                            5, LXXIII
  Agricultural Marketing Service                  7, I, IX, X, XI
  Agricultural Research Service                   7, V
  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service      7, III; 9, I
  Chief Financial Officer, Office of              7, XXX
  Commodity Credit Corporation                    7, XIV
  Cooperative State Research, Education, and      7, XXXIV
       Extension Service
  Economic Research Service                       7, XXXVII
  Energy, Office of                               2, IX; 7, XXIX
  Environmental Quality, Office of                7, XXXI
  Farm Service Agency                             7, VII, XVIII
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 4
  Federal Crop Insurance Corporation              7, IV
  Food and Nutrition Service                      7, II
  Food Safety and Inspection Service              9, III
  Foreign Agricultural Service                    7, XV
  Forest Service                                  36, II
  Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards        7, VIII; 9, II
       Administration
  Information Resources Management, Office of     7, XXVII
  Inspector General, Office of                    7, XXVI
  National Agricultural Library                   7, XLI
  National Agricultural Statistics Service        7, XXXVI
  Natural Resources Conservation Service          7, VI
  Operations, Office of                           7, XXVIII
  Procurement and Property Management, Office of  7, XXXII
  Rural Business-Cooperative Service              7, XVIII, XLII, L
  Rural Development Administration                7, XLII
  Rural Housing Service                           7, XVIII, XXXV, L
  Rural Telephone Bank                            7, XVI
  Rural Utilities Service                         7, XVII, XVIII, XLII, L
  Secretary of Agriculture, Office of             7, Subtitle A
  Transportation, Office of                       7, XXXIII
  World Agricultural Outlook Board                7, XXXVIII
Air Force Department                              32, VII
  Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement       48, 53
Air Transportation Stabilization Board            14, VI
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau          27, I
Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives,       27, II
     Bureau of
AMTRAK                                            49, VII
American Battle Monuments Commission              36, IV
American Indians, Office of the Special Trustee   25, VII
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service        7, III; 9, I
Appalachian Regional Commission                   5, IX

[[Page 388]]

Architectural and Transportation Barriers         36, XI
     Compliance Board
Arctic Research Commission                        45, XXIII
Armed Forces Retirement Home                      5, XI
Army Department                                   32, V
  Engineers, Corps of                             33, II; 36, III
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 51
Benefits Review Board                             20, VII
Bilingual Education and Minority Languages        34, V
     Affairs, Office of
Blind or Severely Disabled, Committee for         41, 51
     Purchase From People Who Are
Broadcasting Board of Governors                   22, V
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 19
Census Bureau                                     15, I
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services          42, IV
Central Intelligence Agency                       32, XIX
Chief Financial Officer, Office of                7, XXX
Child Support Enforcement, Office of              45, III
Children and Families, Administration for         45, II, III, IV, X
Civil Rights, Commission on                       5, LXVIII; 45, VII
Civil Rights, Office for                          34, I
Coast Guard                                       33, I; 46, I; 49, IV
Coast Guard (Great Lakes Pilotage)                46, III
Commerce Department                               44, IV
  Census Bureau                                   15, I
  Economic Affairs, Under Secretary               37, V
  Economic Analysis, Bureau of                    15, VIII
  Economic Development Administration             13, III
  Emergency Management and Assistance             44, IV
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 13
  Fishery Conservation and Management             50, VI
  Foreign-Trade Zones Board                       15, IV
  Industry and Security, Bureau of                15, VII
  International Trade Administration              15, III; 19, III
  National Institute of Standards and Technology  15, II
  National Marine Fisheries Service               50, II, IV, VI
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric                15, IX; 50, II, III, IV, 
       Administration                             VI
  National Telecommunications and Information     15, XXIII; 47, III
       Administration
  National Weather Service                        15, IX
  Patent and Trademark Office, United States      37, I
  Productivity, Technology and Innovation,        37, IV
       Assistant Secretary for
  Secretary of Commerce, Office of                15, Subtitle A
  Technology, Under Secretary for                 37, V
  Technology Administration                       15, XI
  Technology Policy, Assistant Secretary for      37, IV
Commercial Space Transportation                   14, III
Commodity Credit Corporation                      7, XIV
Commodity Futures Trading Commission              5, XLI; 17, I
Community Planning and Development, Office of     24, V, VI
     Assistant Secretary for
Community Services, Office of                     45, X
Comptroller of the Currency                       12, I
Construction Industry Collective Bargaining       29, IX
     Commission
Consumer Product Safety Commission                5, LXXI; 16, II
Cooperative State Research, Education, and        7, XXXIV
     Extension Service
Copyright Office                                  37, II
Copyright Royalty Board                           37, III
Corporation for National and Community Service    2, XXII; 45, XII, XXV
Cost Accounting Standards Board                   48, 99
Council on Environmental Quality                  40, V
Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency    28, VIII
     for the District of Columbia
Customs and Border Protection Bureau              19, I
Defense Contract Audit Agency                     32, I
Defense Department                                5, XXVI; 32, Subtitle A; 
                                                  40, VII

[[Page 389]]

  Advanced Research Projects Agency               32, I
  Air Force Department                            32, VII
  Army Department                                 32, V; 33, II; 36, III, 
                                                  48, 51
  Defense Acquisition Regulations System          48, 2
  Defense Intelligence Agency                     32, I
  Defense Logistics Agency                        32, I, XII; 48, 54
  Engineers, Corps of                             33, II; 36, III
  National Imagery and Mapping Agency             32, I
  Navy Department                                 32, VI; 48, 52
  Secretary of Defense, Office of                 2, XI; 32, I
Defense Contract Audit Agency                     32, I
Defense Intelligence Agency                       32, I
Defense Logistics Agency                          32, XII; 48, 54
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board           10, XVII
Delaware River Basin Commission                   18, III
District of Columbia, Court Services and          28, VIII
     Offender Supervision Agency for the
Drug Enforcement Administration                   21, II
East-West Foreign Trade Board                     15, XIII
Economic Affairs, Under Secretary                 37, V
Economic Analysis, Bureau of                      15, VIII
Economic Development Administration               13, III
Economic Research Service                         7, XXXVII
Education, Department of                          5, LIII
  Bilingual Education and Minority Languages      34, V
       Affairs, Office of
  Civil Rights, Office for                        34, I
  Educational Research and Improvement, Office    34, VII
       of
  Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of   34, II
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 34
  Postsecondary Education, Office of              34, VI
  Secretary of Education, Office of               34, Subtitle A
  Special Education and Rehabilitative Services,  34, III
       Office of
  Vocational and Adult Education, Office of       34, IV
Educational Research and Improvement, Office of   34, VII
Election Assistance Commission                    11, II
Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of     34, II
Emergency Oil and Gas Guaranteed Loan Board       13, V
Emergency Steel Guarantee Loan Board              13, IV
Employee Benefits Security Administration         29, XXV
Employees' Compensation Appeals Board             20, IV
Employees Loyalty Board                           5, V
Employment and Training Administration            20, V
Employment Standards Administration               20, VI
Endangered Species Committee                      50, IV
Energy, Department of                             5, XXIII; 10, II, III, X
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 9
  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission            5, XXIV; 18, I
  Property Management Regulations                 41, 109
Energy, Office of                                 7, XXIX
Engineers, Corps of                               33, II; 36, III
Engraving and Printing, Bureau of                 31, VI
Environmental Protection Agency                   2, XV; 5, LIV; 40, I, IV, 
                                                  VII
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 15
  Property Management Regulations                 41, 115
Environmental Quality, Office of                  7, XXXI
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission           5, LXII; 29, XIV
Equal Opportunity, Office of Assistant Secretary  24, I
     for
Executive Office of the President                 3, I
  Administration, Office of                       5, XV
  Environmental Quality, Council on               40, V
  Management and Budget, Office of                5, III, LXXVII; 14, VI; 
                                                  48, 99
  National Drug Control Policy, Office of         21, III
  National Security Council                       32, XXI; 47, 2

[[Page 390]]

  Presidential Documents                          3
  Science and Technology Policy, Office of        32, XXIV; 47, II
  Trade Representative, Office of the United      15, XX
       States
Export-Import Bank of the United States           2, XXXV; 5, LII; 12, IV
Family Assistance, Office of                      45, II
Farm Credit Administration                        5, XXXI; 12, VI
Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation          5, XXX; 12, XIV
Farm Service Agency                               7, VII, XVIII
Federal Acquisition Regulation                    48, 1
Federal Aviation Administration                   14, I
  Commercial Space Transportation                 14, III
Federal Claims Collection Standards               31, IX
Federal Communications Commission                 5, XXIX; 47, I
Federal Contract Compliance Programs, Office of   41, 60
Federal Crop Insurance Corporation                7, IV
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation             5, XXII; 12, III
Federal Election Commission                       11, I
Federal Emergency Management Agency               44, I
Federal Employees Group Life Insurance Federal    48, 21
     Acquisition Regulation
Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition     48, 16
     Regulation
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission              5, XXIV; 18, I
Federal Financial Institutions Examination        12, XI
     Council
Federal Financing Bank                            12, VIII
Federal Highway Administration                    23, I, II
Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation            1, IV
Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight Office       12, XVII
Federal Housing Finance Agency                    12, XII
Federal Housing Finance Board                     12, IX
Federal Labor Relations Authority, and General    5, XIV; 22, XIV
     Counsel of the Federal Labor Relations 
     Authority
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center           31, VII
Federal Management Regulation                     41, 102
Federal Maritime Commission                       46, IV
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service        29, XII
Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission  5, LXXIV; 29, XXVII
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration       49, III
Federal Prison Industries, Inc.                   28, III
Federal Procurement Policy Office                 48, 99
Federal Property Management Regulations           41, 101
Federal Railroad Administration                   49, II
Federal Register, Administrative Committee of     1, I
Federal Register, Office of                       1, II
Federal Reserve System                            12, II
  Board of Governors                              5, LVIII
Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board        5, VI, LXXVI
Federal Service Impasses Panel                    5, XIV
Federal Trade Commission                          5, XLVII; 16, I
Federal Transit Administration                    49, VI
Federal Travel Regulation System                  41, Subtitle F
Fine Arts, Commission on                          45, XXI
Fiscal Service                                    31, II
Fish and Wildlife Service, United States          50, I, IV
Fishery Conservation and Management               50, VI
Food and Drug Administration                      21, I
Food and Nutrition Service                        7, II
Food Safety and Inspection Service                9, III
Foreign Agricultural Service                      7, XV
Foreign Assets Control, Office of                 31, V
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the       45, V
     United States
Foreign Service Grievance Board                   22, IX
Foreign Service Impasse Disputes Panel            22, XIV
Foreign Service Labor Relations Board             22, XIV
Foreign-Trade Zones Board                         15, IV
Forest Service                                    36, II
General Services Administration                   5, LVII; 41, 105
  Contract Appeals, Board of                      48, 61

[[Page 391]]

  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 5
  Federal Management Regulation                   41, 102
  Federal Property Management Regulations         41, 101
  Federal Travel Regulation System                41, Subtitle F
  General                                         41, 300
  Payment From a Non-Federal Source for Travel    41, 304
       Expenses
  Payment of Expenses Connected With the Death    41, 303
       of Certain Employees
  Relocation Allowances                           41, 302
  Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances          41, 301
Geological Survey                                 30, IV
Government Accountability Office                  4, I
Government Ethics, Office of                      5, XVI
Government National Mortgage Association          24, III
Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards          7, VIII; 9, II
     Administration
Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation            45, XVIII
Health and Human Services, Department of          2, III; 5, XLV; 45, 
                                                  Subtitle A,
  Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services        42, IV
  Child Support Enforcement, Office of            45, III
  Children and Families, Administration for       45, II, III, IV, X
  Community Services, Office of                   45, X
  Family Assistance, Office of                    45, II
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 3
  Food and Drug Administration                    21, I
  Human Development Services, Office of           45, XIII
  Indian Health Service                           25, V
  Inspector General (Health Care), Office of      42, V
  Public Health Service                           42, I
  Refugee Resettlement, Office of                 45, IV
Homeland Security, Department of                  6, I
  Coast Guard                                     33, I; 46, I; 49, IV
  Coast Guard (Great Lakes Pilotage)              46, III
  Customs and Border Protection Bureau            19, I
  Federal Emergency Management Agency             44, I
  Immigration and Customs Enforcement Bureau      19, IV
  Immigration and Naturalization                  8, I
  Transportation Security Administration          49, XII
HOPE for Homeowners Program, Board of Directors   24, XXIV
     of
Housing and Urban Development, Department of      2, XXIV; 5, LXV; 24, 
                                                  Subtitle B
  Community Planning and Development, Office of   24, V, VI
       Assistant Secretary for
  Equal Opportunity, Office of Assistant          24, I
       Secretary for
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 24
  Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, Office    12, XVII
       of
  Government National Mortgage Association        24, III
  Housing--Federal Housing Commissioner, Office   24, II, VIII, X, XX
       of Assistant Secretary for
  Housing, Office of, and Multifamily Housing     24, IV
       Assistance Restructuring, Office of
  Inspector General, Office of                    24, XII
  Public and Indian Housing, Office of Assistant  24, IX
       Secretary for
  Secretary, Office of                            24, Subtitle A, VII
Housing--Federal Housing Commissioner, Office of  24, II, VIII, X, XX
     Assistant Secretary for
Housing, Office of, and Multifamily Housing       24, IV
     Assistance Restructuring, Office of
Human Development Services, Office of             45, XIII
Immigration and Customs Enforcement Bureau        19, IV
Immigration and Naturalization                    8, I
Immigration Review, Executive Office for          8, V
Independent Counsel, Office of                    28, VII
Indian Affairs, Bureau of                         25, I, V
Indian Affairs, Office of the Assistant           25, VI
     Secretary
Indian Arts and Crafts Board                      25, II
Indian Health Service                             25, V

[[Page 392]]

Industry and Security, Bureau of                  15, VII
Information Resources Management, Office of       7, XXVII
Information Security Oversight Office, National   32, XX
     Archives and Records Administration
Inspector General
  Agriculture Department                          7, XXVI
  Health and Human Services Department            42, V
  Housing and Urban Development Department        24, XII
Institute of Peace, United States                 22, XVII
Inter-American Foundation                         5, LXIII; 22, X
Interior Department
  American Indians, Office of the Special         25, VII
       Trustee
  Endangered Species Committee                    50, IV
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 14
  Federal Property Management Regulations System  41, 114
  Fish and Wildlife Service, United States        50, I, IV
  Geological Survey                               30, IV
  Indian Affairs, Bureau of                       25, I, V
  Indian Affairs, Office of the Assistant         25, VI
       Secretary
  Indian Arts and Crafts Board                    25, II
  Land Management, Bureau of                      43, II
  Minerals Management Service                     30, II
  National Indian Gaming Commission               25, III
  National Park Service                           36, I
  Reclamation, Bureau of                          43, I
  Secretary of the Interior, Office of            2, XIV; 43, Subtitle A
  Surface Mining and Reclamation Appeals, Board   30, III
       of
  Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement,     30, VII
       Office of
Internal Revenue Service                          26, I
International Boundary and Water Commission,      22, XI
     United States and Mexico, United States 
     Section
International Development, United States Agency   22, II
     for
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 7
International Development Cooperation Agency,     22, XII
     United States
International Fishing and Related Activities      50, III
International Joint Commission, United States     22, IV
     and Canada
International Organizations Employees Loyalty     5, V
     Board
International Trade Administration                15, III; 19, III
International Trade Commission, United States     19, II
Interstate Commerce Commission                    5, XL
Investment Security, Office of                    31, VIII
James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation      45, XXIV
Japan-United States Friendship Commission         22, XVI
Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries       20, VIII
Justice Department                                2, XXVII; 5, XXVIII; 28, 
                                                  I, XI; 40, IV
  Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives,     27, II
       Bureau of
  Drug Enforcement Administration                 21, II
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 28
  Federal Claims Collection Standards             31, IX
  Federal Prison Industries, Inc.                 28, III
  Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the     45, V
       United States
  Immigration Review, Executive Office for        8, V
  Offices of Independent Counsel                  28, VI
  Prisons, Bureau of                              28, V
  Property Management Regulations                 41, 128
Labor Department                                  5, XLII
  Benefits Review Board                           20, VII
  Employee Benefits Security Administration       29, XXV
  Employees' Compensation Appeals Board           20, IV
  Employment and Training Administration          20, V
  Employment Standards Administration             20, VI
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 29
  Federal Contract Compliance Programs, Office    41, 60
       of
  Federal Procurement Regulations System          41, 50

[[Page 393]]

  Labor-Management Standards, Office of           29, II, IV
  Mine Safety and Health Administration           30, I
  Occupational Safety and Health Administration   29, XVII
  Public Contracts                                41, 50
  Secretary of Labor, Office of                   29, Subtitle A
  Veterans' Employment and Training Service,      41, 61; 20, IX
       Office of the Assistant Secretary for
  Wage and Hour Division                          29, V
  Workers' Compensation Programs, Office of       20, I
Labor-Management Standards, Office of             29, II, IV
Land Management, Bureau of                        43, II
Legal Services Corporation                        45, XVI
Library of Congress                               36, VII
  Copyright Office                                37, II
  Copyright Royalty Board                         37, III
Local Television Loan Guarantee Board             7, XX
Management and Budget, Office of                  5, III, LXXVII; 14, VI; 
                                                  48, 99
Marine Mammal Commission                          50, V
Maritime Administration                           46, II
Merit Systems Protection Board                    5, II, LXIV
Micronesian Status Negotiations, Office for       32, XXVII
Millenium Challenge Corporation                   22, XIII
Mine Safety and Health Administration             30, I
Minerals Management Service                       30, II
Minority Business Development Agency              15, XIV
Miscellaneous Agencies                            1, IV
Monetary Offices                                  31, I
Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in     36, XVI
     National Environmental Policy Foundation
Museum and Library Services, Institute of         2, XXXI
National Aeronautics and Space Administration     2, XVIII; 5, LIX; 14, V
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 18
National Agricultural Library                     7, XLI
National Agricultural Statistics Service          7, XXXVI
National and Community Service, Corporation for   45, XII, XXV
National Archives and Records Administration      2, XXVI; 5, LXVI; 36, XII
  Information Security Oversight Office           32, XX
National Capital Planning Commission              1, IV
National Commission for Employment Policy         1, IV
National Commission on Libraries and Information  45, XVII
     Science
National Council on Disability                    34, XII
National Counterintelligence Center               32, XVIII
National Credit Union Administration              12, VII
National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact     28, IX
     Council
National Drug Control Policy, Office of           21, III
National Endowment for the Arts                   2, XXXII
National Endowment for the Humanities             2, XXXIII
National Foundation on the Arts and the           45, XI
     Humanities
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration    23, II, III; 49, V
National Imagery and Mapping Agency               32, I
National Indian Gaming Commission                 25, III
National Institute for Literacy                   34, XI
National Institute of Standards and Technology    15, II
National Intelligence, Office of Director of      32, XVII
National Labor Relations Board                    5, LXI; 29, I
National Marine Fisheries Service                 50, II, IV, VI
National Mediation Board                          29, X
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration   15, IX; 50, II, III, IV, 
                                                  VI
National Park Service                             36, I
National Railroad Adjustment Board                29, III
National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK)  49, VII
National Science Foundation                       2, XXV; 5, XLIII; 45, VI
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 25
National Security Council                         32, XXI
National Security Council and Office of Science   47, II
   and Technology Policy
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National Telecommunications and Information       15, XXIII; 47, III
     Administration
National Transportation Safety Board              49, VIII
Natural Resources Conservation Service            7, VI
Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation, Office of      25, IV
Navy Department                                   32, VI
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 52
Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation             24, XXV
Northeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste  10, XVIII
     Commission
Nuclear Regulatory Commission                     5, XLVIII; 10, I
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 20
Occupational Safety and Health Administration     29, XVII
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission  29, XX
Offices of Independent Counsel                    28, VI
Oklahoma City National Memorial Trust             36, XV
Operations Office                                 7, XXVIII
Overseas Private Investment Corporation           5, XXXIII; 22, VII
Patent and Trademark Office, United States        37, I
Payment From a Non-Federal Source for Travel      41, 304
     Expenses
Payment of Expenses Connected With the Death of   41, 303
     Certain Employees
Peace Corps                                       22, III
Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation       36, IX
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation              29, XL
Personnel Management, Office of                   5, I, XXXV; 45, VIII
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 17
  Federal Employees Group Life Insurance Federal  48, 21
       Acquisition Regulation
  Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition   48, 16
       Regulation
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety           49, I
     Administration
Postal Regulatory Commission                      5, XLVI; 39, III
Postal Service, United States                     5, LX; 39, I
Postsecondary Education, Office of                34, VI
President's Commission on White House             1, IV
     Fellowships
Presidential Documents                            3
Presidio Trust                                    36, X
Prisons, Bureau of                                28, V
Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board       6, X
Procurement and Property Management, Office of    7, XXXII
Productivity, Technology and Innovation,          37, IV
     Assistant Secretary
Public Contracts, Department of Labor             41, 50
Public and Indian Housing, Office of Assistant    24, IX
     Secretary for
Public Health Service                             42, I
Railroad Retirement Board                         20, II
Reclamation, Bureau of                            43, I
Refugee Resettlement, Office of                   45, IV
Relocation Allowances                             41, 302
Research and Innovative Technology                49, XI
     Administration
Rural Business-Cooperative Service                7, XVIII, XLII, L
Rural Development Administration                  7, XLII
Rural Housing Service                             7, XVIII, XXXV, L
Rural Telephone Bank                              7, XVI
Rural Utilities Service                           7, XVII, XVIII, XLII, L
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation     33, IV
Science and Technology Policy, Office of          32, XXIV
Science and Technology Policy, Office of, and     47, II
     National Security Council
Secret Service                                    31, IV
Securities and Exchange Commission                17, II
Selective Service System                          32, XVI
Small Business Administration                     2, XXVII; 13, I
Smithsonian Institution                           36, V
Social Security Administration                    2, XXIII; 20, III; 48, 23
Soldiers' and Airmen's Home, United States        5, XI
Special Counsel, Office of                        5, VIII

[[Page 395]]

Special Education and Rehabilitative Services,    34, III
     Office of
State Department                                  2, VI; 22, I; 28, XI
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 6
Surface Mining and Reclamation Appeals, Board of  30, III
Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement,       30, VII
     Office of
Surface Transportation Board                      49, X
Susquehanna River Basin Commission                18, VIII
Technology Administration                         15, XI
Technology Policy, Assistant Secretary for        37, IV
Technology, Under Secretary for                   37, V
Tennessee Valley Authority                        5, LXIX; 18, XIII
Thrift Supervision Office, Department of the      12, V
     Treasury
Trade Representative, United States, Office of    15, XX
Transportation, Department of                     2, XII; 5, L
  Commercial Space Transportation                 14, III
  Contract Appeals, Board of                      48, 63
  Emergency Management and Assistance             44, IV
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 12
  Federal Aviation Administration                 14, I
  Federal Highway Administration                  23, I, II
  Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration     49, III
  Federal Railroad Administration                 49, II
  Federal Transit Administration                  49, VI
  Maritime Administration                         46, II
  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration  23, II, III; 49, V
  Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety         49, I
       Administration
  Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation   33, IV
  Secretary of Transportation, Office of          14, II; 49, Subtitle A
  Surface Transportation Board                    49, X
  Transportation Statistics Bureau                49, XI
Transportation, Office of                         7, XXXIII
Transportation Security Administration            49, XII
Transportation Statistics Bureau                  49, XI
Travel Allowances, Temporary Duty (TDY)           41, 301
Treasury Department                               5, XXI; 12, XV; 17, IV; 
                                                  31, IX
  Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau        27, I
  Community Development Financial Institutions    12, XVIII
       Fund
  Comptroller of the Currency                     12, I
  Customs and Border Protection Bureau            19, I
  Engraving and Printing, Bureau of               31, VI
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 10
  Federal Claims Collection Standards             31, IX
  Federal Law Enforcement Training Center         31, VII
  Fiscal Service                                  31, II
  Foreign Assets Control, Office of               31, V
  Internal Revenue Service                        26, I
  Investment Security, Office of                  31, VIII
  Monetary Offices                                31, I
  Secret Service                                  31, IV
  Secretary of the Treasury, Office of            31, Subtitle A
  Thrift Supervision, Office of                   12, V
Truman, Harry S. Scholarship Foundation           45, XVIII
United States and Canada, International Joint     22, IV
     Commission
United States and Mexico, International Boundary  22, XI
     and Water Commission, United States Section
Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation      43, III
     Commission
Veterans Affairs Department                       2, VIII; 38, I
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 8
Veterans' Employment and Training Service,        41, 61; 20, IX
     Office of the Assistant Secretary for
United States and Mexico, International Boundary  22, XI
     and Water Commission, United States Section
Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation      43, III
     Commission
Veterans Affairs Department                       2, VIII; 38, I
  Federal Acquisition Regulation                  48, 8
Veterans' Employment and Training Service,        41, 61; 20, IX
   Office of the Assistant Secretary for
[[Page 396]]

Vice President of the United States, Office of    32, XXVIII
Vocational and Adult Education, Office of         34, IV
Wage and Hour Division                            29, V
Water Resources Council                           18, VI
Workers' Compensation Programs, Office of         20, I
World Agricultural Outlook Board                  7, XXXVIII